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1

Sydney  

... metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000 Olympic Games, which opened Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the rugged-shaped ... central city area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast. ...

2013-04-16

2

Severe Bush Fires Near Sydney, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Raging brush fires are threatening the suburbs of Sydney, Australia, in the waning days of 2001. Lightning strikes started some of the fires in mid-December, but arsonists may have started more. So far the flames have damaged Blue Mountain and Royal National Parks, threatening the wildlife there. More than 100 homes in suburban Sydney have also been destroyed. The image above shows the fires on December 25, 2001, when smoke and haze covered the city of Sydney. The scene was acquired by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard NASA's Terra satellite. Smoke from fires near Sydney taken by the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) December 27, 2001. (Image courtesy the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE) Although bush fires are common in Australia during the summer months, this outbreak is particularly severe. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

2002-01-01

3

"Sydney sandstone": Heritage Stone from Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney is Australia's oldest city being founded in 1788. The city was fortunate to be established on an extensive and a relatively undeformed layer of lithified quartz sandstone of Triassic age that has proved to be an ideal building stone. The stone has been long identified by geologists as the Hawkesbury Sandstone. On the other hand the term "Sydney sandstone" has also been widely used over a long period, even to the extent of being utilised as the title of published books, so its formal designation as a heritage stone will immediately formalise this term. The oldest international usage is believed to be its use in the construction of the Stone Store at Kerikeri, New Zealand (1832-1836). In the late 19th century, public buildings such as hospitals, court houses as well as the prominent Sydney Town Hall, Sydney General Post Office, Art Gallery of New South Wales, State Library of New South Wales as well as numerous schools, churches, office building buildings, University, hotels, houses, retaining walls were all constructed using Sydney sandstone. Innumerable sculptures utilising the gold-coloured stone also embellished the city ranging from decorative friezes and capitals on building to significant monuments. Also in the late 19th and early 20th century, Sydney sandstone was used for major construction in most other major Australian cities especially Melbourne, Adelaide and Brisbane to the extent that complaints were expressed that suitable local stone materials were being neglected. Quarrying of Sydney sandstone continues today. In 2000 it was recorded noted that there were 33 significant operating Sydney sandstone quarries including aggregate and dimension stone operations. In addition sandstone continues to be sourced today from construction sites across the city area. Today major dimension stone producers (eg Gosford Quarries) sell Sydney sandstone not only into the Sydney market but also on national and international markets as cladding and paving products as well as block. Recent international projects by Gosford Quarries include Mishima Golf Club in Japan, Al Awadi Tower in Kuwait, New World Resort in China and a Hard Rock Café in Florida, USA. Arguably Sydney sandstone is Australia's most prominent potential Global Heritage Stone Resource and details are readily available in existing publications to make the nomination.

Cooper, Barry; Kramar, Sabina

2014-05-01

4

Space Radar Image of Sydney, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This spaceborne radar image is dominated by the metropolitan area of Australia's largest city, Sydney. Sydney Harbour, with numerous coves and inlets, is seen in the upper center of the image, and the roughly circular Botany Bay is shown in the lower right. The downtown business district of Sydney appears as a bright white area just above the center of the image. The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a white line adjacent to the downtown district. The well-known Sydney Opera House is the small, white dot to the right of the bridge. Urban areas appear yellow, blue and brown. The purple areas are undeveloped areas and park lands. Manly, the famous surfing beach, is shown in yellow at the top center of the image. Runways from the Sydney Airport are the dark features that extend into Botany Bay in the lower right. Botany Bay is the site where Captain James Cook first landed his ship, Endeavour, in 1770. The image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) on April 20, 1994, onboard the space shuttle Endeavour. The area shown is 33 kilometers by 38kilometers (20 miles by 23 miles) and is centered at 33.9 degrees south latitude, 151.2 degrees east longitude. North is toward the upper left. The colors are assigned to different radar frequenciesand polarizations as follows: red is L-band, vertically transmittedand horizontally received; green is C-band, vertically transmitted and horizontally received; and blue is C-band, vertically transmittedand received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italianand United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth. #####

1994-01-01

5

Industry Clusters and Sydney's ITT Sector: northern Sydney as ‘Australia's Silicon Valley’?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the claim that the North Ryde–North Sydney arc is Australia's ‘Silicon Valley’, seeking firstly to identify the empirical validities behind the claim, and secondly to ask how the documented patterns might be explained. The paper evidences the fact that this area indeed provides the pre-eminent site for Australia's information technology and telecommunications (ITT) sector. However, examination of

Glen Searle; Bill Pritchard

2005-01-01

6

Sydney Aquarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site includes a wealth of information on the Sydney Aquarium in Australia. It also features a virtual tour of the aquarium, webcams, games, virtual pets, extensive Australian habitats information, and Ask Professor Mullet, a collection of forums where students can ask questions and discuss marine science topics.

7

How to write a National ICT Australia and UNSW, Sydney  

E-print Network

even experienced researchers make · Myself very much included · Hints about how to write a paper, read! · To learn how to write, read a lot · I spend over 20% of my time reading · 1 day/week in libraryHow to write a paper Toby Walsh National ICT Australia and UNSW, Sydney http

Walsh, Toby

8

Farming the Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea commercialis) in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial production of Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea commercialis) in Australia began simultaneously in New South Wales (NSW) and southern Queensland around 1870. It began with the exploitation of dredge beds, intertidal oyster beds, and with the placement of a range of catching and growing substrates such as sticks, slabs of rocks, and shell placed on intertidal mud flats. As dredge

John A. Nell

1993-01-01

9

The 2000 Olympic Games: A Climatology for Sydney, Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Meteorologists attending or following the 2000 Summer Olympics will enjoy the data tables, maps, and discussion of Sydney, Australia's climatology provided in this 22-page publication. For example, average temperature, rainfall, and wind direction data for this Olympic venue are given. Color maps accompany text and tables.

10

Sydney Anglicans and Homosexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The city of Sydney in Australia has one of the largest gay and lesbian communities in the English-speaking world, while the Anglican Church in Sydney is proud of its reputation as a stronghold and guardian of conservative evangelicalism. Since the early 1970s the Anglican diocese, in its official statements and pastoral policies, has been strongly opposed to homosexuality and the

David Hilliard

1997-01-01

11

SEROLOGICAL EVALUATION OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM OOCYSTS FINDINGS IN THE WATER SUPPLY OF SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

EPA Science Inventory

From July to September, 1998, high levels of Cryptospordium oocysts and Giardia cysts were detected in Sydney, Australia drinking water. To evaluate whether Sydney residents had an elevated risk of infection, serological responses to two Cryptospordium antigen groups (15/17 - an...

12

Notes from an Unknown Presenter at the Third International Conference of English Teachers in Sydney, Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers an English teacher's observations about an international conference held in Sydney, Australia, with particular emphasis on George Orwell's "1984" and his views on language, multiculturalism, and humanism and on George Steiner's "Language and Silence." (RL)

Lewis, Flossie

1981-01-01

13

MISR Looks at Sydney and the Southeastern Australia Coast  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image from MISR's nadir-looking camera was acquired on July 11, 2000 (Terra orbit 3009) and shows a 200-kilometer section of the eastern Australian coast, centered around the Sydney metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000 Olympics Games, which open Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the rugged-shaped inlet toward the northern side of the grey-colored central city area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast.

The areas to the north, west, and south of Sydney are characterized by rugged terrain and extensive forests. Just north of the city the Ku-ring-gai Chase and Brisbane Waters National Parks surround the Hawkesbury River estuary. Further north and separated from the ocean by narrow dunes are a series of lakes, the two largest in this image being Lake Macquarie (at the top) and Tuggerah Lake.

West of the metropolitan area, some 65 kilometers inland, are the Blue Mountains. The primary transport corridor for road and rail across the mountains is clearly visible, and just north of it is the steep-sided Grose River valley. In the southern part of the mountains is a series of long valleys filled by Lake Burragorang, a major source of Sydney's water supply.

South of Sydney's central area are Botany Bay, Bate Bay and Port Hacking, and the Royal National Park. Further south, the forested coastline gives way to the city of Wollongong, the adjacent steel-making complex at Port Kembla, and Lake Illawarra.

MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

2000-01-01

14

Sydney Anglicans and homosexuality.  

PubMed

The city of Sydney in Australia has one of the largest gay and lesbian communities in the English-speaking world, while the Anglican Church in Sydney is proud of its reputation as a strong-hold and guardian of conservative evangelicalism. Since the early 1970s the Anglican diocese, in its official statements and pastoral policies, has been strongly opposed to homosexuality and the organized gay movement. In 1973 a report on homosexuality by its Ethics and Social Questions Committee was unusual at the time because it recommended the continuance of legal sanctions against male homosexual behavior. There have been many confrontations between Anglican institutions and Sydney's increasingly confident gay community. This paper examines these tensions, the reasons for the stance of the diocese, and the responses of gay Christian groups such as Cross+Section and AngGays. PMID:9210015

Hilliard, D

1997-01-01

15

Proc ACUN-5 "Developments in Composites: Advanced, Infrastructural, Natural and Nano-compsoites", UNSW, SYDNEY, Australia,  

E-print Network

Proc ACUN-5 "Developments in Composites: Advanced, Infrastructural, Natural and Nano-compsoites", UNSW, SYDNEY, Australia, 11-14 July 2006 High modulus carbon fiber materials for retrofit of steel_rizkalla@ncsu.edu Abstract This paper summarizes the research work dealing with the use of high modulus carbon fiber

16

World Energy Congress, Sydney, Australia September 5-9, 2004 OFFSHORE WIND POWER: EASING A RENEWABLE  

E-print Network

19 th World Energy Congress, Sydney, Australia September 5-9, 2004 1 OFFSHORE WIND POWER: EASING to an investment of approximately 40 billion . The global wind energy installed capacity has increased exponentially over a 25-year period and in the process the cost of energy from wind power plants has been

17

Severe hemorrhagic meningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis among young children in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Angiostrongylus cantonensis is the most common cause of eosinophilic meningitis worldwide. We describe 2 cases among young children from Sydney, Australia, where locally acquired infection of children has not been reported previously. Both cases manifested as severe hemorrhagic meningoencephalitis, one resulting in death. Angiostrongyliasis must be considered in acute neurological presentations occurring among individuals who live in endemic areas. PMID:23843445

Morton, Nikola J; Britton, Philip; Palasanthiran, Pamela; Bye, Ann; Sugo, Ella; Kesson, Alison; Ardern-Holmes, Simone; Snelling, Thomas L

2013-10-01

18

Metallic and organic contaminants in sediments of Sydney Harbour, Australia and vicinity — A chemical dataset for evaluating sediment quality guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

An internally consistent dataset comprising 103 surficial estuarine sediment samples were collected from Sydney Harbour, Australia and locations south of Sydney. This paper describes the chemical characteristics of the dataset and evaluates its suitability for use in evaluating biological effects-based sediment quality guidelines (SQGs). The sediments contained mixtures of chemicals, the most prevalent chemical classes being metals and polycyclic aromatic

Stephanie McCready; Gavin F. Birch; Edward R. Long

2006-01-01

19

High-Resolution View of Fires and Smoke near Sydney, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Smoke obscures much of the landscape near Sydney, Australia, in the true-color image above (top). However, the areas with active fires are revealed by the false-color image (bottom), which was made using shortwave infrared data that are sensitive to heat and provide the ability to 'see' through smoke. In the bottom scene, the black areas show fresh burn scars, while greens show landscape untouched by fire. Apparently, the fire burned up to the edge of a road (the thin black line snaking from the lefthand side of the image and disappearing off the bottom) and was unable to jump across. The thick dark line along the bottom of the scene is a river. Both images were made using data acquired on December 28, 2001, by the Advanced Land Imager (ALI), flying aboard NASA's Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite. For more images of the recent fires in Australia, read Smoke Blankets New South Wales, Australia, Fires Continue to Rage Near Sydney, Australia, and Severe Bush Fires Near Sydney, Australia. For more information about the effects of fire on the environment, read the Biomass Burning fact sheet. Images by Robert Simmon, based on data provided by Lawrence Ong, EO-1 Science Team

2002-01-01

20

Farm-scale stormwater losses of sediment and nutrients from a market garden near Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural runoff contributes to water quality problems in the Hawkesbury–Nepean River near Sydney, Australia. This paper presents a case study of sediment, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) losses from a market garden in the Hawkesbury–Nepean catchment. Event-based runoff sampling and flow and rainfall monitoring were carried out at the boundary of an 8-ha commercial market garden near Richmond, NSW, over

E. Hollinger; P. S. Cornish; B. Baginska; R. Mann; G. Kuczera

2001-01-01

21

Absence of Ross River virus amongst Common brushtail possums ( Trichosurus vulpecula ) from metropolitan Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ross River virus (RRV) is a mosquito-transmitted Alphavirus emerging in urban centres throughout Australia. The Common brushtail\\u000a possum (Trichosurus vulpecula), a native marsupial that has successfully adapted to human settlement, has been implicated as a maintenance reservoir for\\u000a RRV. In the present study, RRV exposure was assessed amongst 72 urban-adapted possums from Northern Sydney and ten possums\\u000a from a woodland

Nichola J. Hill; Michelle L. Power; Elizabeth M. Deane

2009-01-01

22

Predictive abilities of numerical sediment quality guidelines in Sydney Harbour, Australia, and vicinity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Matching chemical and toxicological data of surficial sediments from Sydney Harbour, Australia, and vicinity, were collected to evaluate predictive abilities of Effects Range-Low (ERL), Effects Range-Median (ERM) and other sediment quality guidelines (SQGs). Samples (n=103) containing a wide range of chemicals and concentrations were subjected to a battery of 4–6 toxicity tests. ERLs and functionally equivalent low-range SQGs were highly

Stephanie McCready; Gavin F. Birch; Edward R. Long; Gina Spyrakis; Christopher R. Greely

2006-01-01

23

Azithromycin-resistant syphilis-causing strains in Sydney, Australia: prevalence and risk factors.  

PubMed

Azithromycin has shown high efficacy in randomized trials when used for treating infectious syphilis in Africa. However, its use in clinical practice has been limited by the development of antimicrobial drug resistance. Resistance has not previously been reported from Australasia. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for azithromycin-resistant syphilis-causing strains in Sydney, Australia. We evaluated 409 samples that were PCR positive for Treponema pallidum DNA collected between 2004 and 2011 for the presence of the A2058G mutation, which confers resistance to macrolide antibiotics such as azithromycin. Overall, 84% of samples harbored the mutation. The prevalence of the mutation increased during the study period (P trend, 0.003). We also collected clinical and demographic data on 220 patients from whom these samples had been collected to determine factors associated with the A2058G mutation; 97% were from men who have sex with men. Reporting sex in countries other than Australia was associated with less macrolide resistance (adjusted odds ratio, 0.25; 95% confidence interval, 0.09 to 0.66; P = 0.005), with other study factors showing no association (age, HIV status, recent macrolide use, stage of syphilis, or history of prior syphilis). Azithromycin cannot be recommended as an alternative treatment for syphilis in Sydney. PMID:24850356

Read, Phillip; Jeoffreys, Neisha; Tagg, Kaitlin; Guy, Rebecca J; Gilbert, Gwendolyn L; Donovan, Basil

2014-08-01

24

Metal accumulation in the greentail prawn, Metapenaeus bennettae, in Sydney and Port Hacking estuaries, Australia.  

PubMed

Metal concentrations of the inshore greentail prawn, Metapenaeus bennettae, and surface sediments from locations within Sydney estuary and Port Hacking (Australia) were assessed for bioaccumulation and contamination. The current study aimed to assess metal concentrations in prawn tissue (tail muscle, exoskeleton, hepatopancreas and gills), relate whole body prawn tissue metal concentrations to sediment metal concentrations and animal size, as well as assess prawn consumption as a risk to human health. Metal concentrations were highest in sediment and prawns from contaminated locations (Iron Cove, Hen and Chicken Bay and Lane Cove) in Sydney estuary compared with the reference estuary (Port Hacking). Concentrations in sediments varied considerably between sites and between metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn), and although concentrations exceeded Interim Sediment Quality Guideline-Low values, metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) were below Australian National Health and Medical Research Council human consumption guidelines in prawn tail muscle tissue. Metal concentrations in prawn tail muscle tissue were significantly different (p???0.05) amongst locations for Pb, Zn and Cd, and metal concentrations were generally highest in gills tissue, followed by the hepatopancreas, exoskeleton and tail muscle. The exoskeleton contained the highest Sr concentration; the hepatopancreas contained the highest As, Cu and Mo concentrations; and the gills contained the highest Al, Cr, Fe and Pb concentrations. Concentrations of Pb, As and Sr were significantly different (p???0.05) between size groups amongst locations. PMID:23852467

Lewtas, K L M; Birch, G F; Foster-Thorpe, C

2014-01-01

25

GENEVA HARVARD RENMIN SYDNEY LAW FACULTY CONFERENCE  

E-print Network

and Public Control on Their Circulation 15:00 Sydney: Stefan Gruber Illicit Export and Trade in Cultural Property: The Case of Australia's Tobacco Plain Packaging Legislation 10:15 Break for tea and coffee 10

Halazonetis, Thanos

26

Discipline of Accounting The University of Sydney Business School  

E-print Network

Discipline of Accounting The University of Sydney Business School H69 Codrington Street Darlington NSW 2006 Australia T +61 2 9351 8988 F +61 2 9351 6638 E business.accounting@sydney.edu.au W www.sydney.edu.au/business ABN 15 211 513 464 CRICOS 00026A The Discipline of Accounting Mission Statement The Discipline

Viglas, Anastasios

27

Five for Sydney 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Professor Harry Messel International Science School is organised by the Science Foundation for Physics within the University of Sydney. In 1968, the Foundation extended the participation to the UK and Japan and each country sends five scholars to the Science Schools, which are held every second year. Nowadays, scholars from Singapore,…

Education in Science, 2009

2009-01-01

28

5 for Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ASE has a long history of sending students to the International Science School (ISS), having been doing so since 1968. The ISS is a free science education programme run biennially by the Science Foundation for Physics at the University of Sydney. ASE's role is to select the students and organise funding to enable the students and escorts to…

Berry, Bryan

2010-01-01

29

Powerhouses Insidethe2010Sydney  

E-print Network

images: Map of Sydney - Avian Surnames 2009: Kate Sweetapple; Urchin Bowl 2010: Berto Pandolfo; Dimensional paper- portrait: Bert Simons, 2006; Walter Van Beirendonck, Technothreads Exhibition, Science: finding uTs 4 Around u: back To The fuTure 5 stAff profile: kühl science 12 Alumni profile: sound fu

University of Technology, Sydney

30

Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers - changes over time and differences between Sydney and Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Cycling is important for health, transport, environmental and economic reasons. Newspaper reporting of cycling reflects and can influence public and policy maker attitudes towards resource allocation for cycling and cycling infrastructure, yet such coverage has not been systematically examined. Methods The Factiva electronic news archive was searched for articles referring to cycling published in four major metropolitan newspapers - two in Sydney and two in Melbourne, Australia, in the years from 1998 until 2008. After excluding articles not about cycling, there were 61 articles published in 1998, 45 in 1999, 51 in 2003, 82 in 2007 and 87 in 2008. Each article was coded for positive or negative orientation, and for framing of cyclists and cycling. Inter-rater reliability was calculated on a sample of 30 articles. Results Over the past decade there has been an increase in the reporting of cycling in the major newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne (from 106 in 1998/99 to 169 stories in 2007/08), with a significant increase in reporting of cycling in Melbourne, from 49 to 103 stories (p = 0.04). Recent reporting of cycling was generally positive (47% of articles, compared with 30% of articles which were negative) and focused on benefits such as health and the environment. Three quarters of negative stories involved injury or death of a cyclist. The Sydney based The Daily Telegraph reported the most negative stories (n = 60). We found positive framing of 'cycling' was more widespread than negative, whereas framing of 'cyclists' was more negative than positive. Conclusions Quantity of reporting of cycling varies over time and by newspaper, and even between newspapers in different cities owned by the same media company. News coverage appears to reflect developments in the different cities, with increases in positive reporting of cycling in Melbourne following increases in cycling in that city. Negative cycling newspaper stories may deter people from considering cycling as a transport option, but real physical or political improvements to the cycling environment may be necessary before coverage becomes more positive. PMID:20576160

2010-01-01

31

University of Sydney Description  

E-print Network

according to The Economist and is considered among the top fashion capitals in the world. #12;Living Costs Average rental cost per week: AUS$125.00 � $200.00 Litre of milk: AUS$2.00 Loaf of bread: AUS$3.60 Cup of coffee: AUS$2.50 Cinema ticket: AUS$14.00 The general cost of living in Sydney is higher than in Bristol

Bristol, University of

32

Use of groundwater temperature data in geothermal exploration: the example of Sydney Basin, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multidimensional simulations in geothermal exploration require vast quantities of measurements, including temperature, to produce realistic estimates. In Australia, the database of temperature measurements is small, limited by sparse distribution and tainted by non-equilibrium conditions. Groundwater temperature data from the groundwater-monitoring/water-supply bore network provide a creative cost effective way to bridge the information gap. Down-hole temperature profiles are valuable when thermal equilibrium conditions are present. Equilibrium conditions are common in groundwater bores as they are installed to be long term. Effective use of groundwater temperature data for geothermal exploration requires an understanding of (1) the thermal conditions being measured, (2) the factors that affect the measurement, and (3) how the measurements can be used. Highly constrained models, rather than extrapolation maps, are the cost effective, risk-reducing solution for geothermal exploration in Australia. The Sydney Basin provides a case study of how an undervalued, `cold' coal-bearing sedimentary basin became `hot' through high-resolution modelling using groundwater temperature measurements. Groundwater temperature data are the new information source capable of filling the gaps left by the limited deep temperature measurements. Hydrogeological data play a critical role in geothermal exploration, as models representing a highly complex world approach reality.

Danis, Cara

2013-11-01

33

Analysis of the distribution of inorganic constituents in a landfill leachate-contaminated aquifer: Astrolabe Park, Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation was conducted at Astrolabe Park landfill, a decommissioned municipal landfill in Sydney, Australia, to assess the physical and chemical processes affecting the distribution of inorganic constituents in the leachate plume. The plume is migrating from the landfill towards a groundwater-fed pond into which leachate-impacted groundwater discharges. Borehole geophysical logging and depth-discrete groundwater sampling were used to delineate the

L. B. Jorstad; J. Jankowski; R. I. Acworth

2004-01-01

34

Factors associated with unprotected anal intercourse in gay men's casual partnerships in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the factors associated with unprotected anal intercourse in gay men's casual partnerships, using data from a longitudinal cohort study ongoing since October 1992. Participants were recruited through gay community and a variety of other sources and interviewed for the Sydney Men and Sexual Health study. Of 1,037 interviewees at outset, 834 men had casual partners during the six

P. VAN DE VEN; D. CAMPBELL; S. KIPPAX; G. PRESTAGE; J. CRAWFORD; D. BAXTER; D. COOPER

1997-01-01

35

Submission : Sydney Water Corporation's Proposed Western Sydney Recycled Initiative: Replacement Flows Project Environmental Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This letter sets out the comments of OceanWatch Australia Ltd (OWA) in relation to Sydney Water Corporation's (SWC) proposed Western Sydney Recycled Initiative: Replacement Flows Project (the Project). OceanWatch Australia is a national environmental, not-for-profit company that works to achieve sustainability in the Australian seafood industry through protecting and enhancing fish habitats, improving water quality and advancing the sustainability of

Scott Jeffries

36

Epidemiology and Geographical Distribution of Enteric Protozoan Infections in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Enteric protozoa are associated with diarrhoeal illnesses in humans; however there are no recent studies on their epidemiology and geographical distribution in Australia. This study describes the epidemiology of enteric protozoa in the state of New South Wales and incorporates spatial analysis to describe their distribution. Design and methods Laboratory and clinical records from four public hospitals in Sydney for 910 patients, who tested positive for enteric protozoa over the period January 2007 - December 2010, were identified, examined and analysed. We selected 580 cases which had residence post code data available, enabling us to examine the geographic distribution of patients, and reviewed the clinical data of 252 patients to examine possible links between protozoa, demographic and clinical features. Results Frequently detected protozoa were Blastocystis spp. (57%), Giardia intestinalis (27%) and Dientamoeba fragilis (12%). The age distribution showed that the prevalence of protozoa decreased with age up to 24 years but increasing with age from 25 years onwards. The geographic provenance of the patients indicates that the majority of cases of Blastocystis (53.1%) are clustered in and around the Sydney City Business District, while pockets of giardiasis were identified in regional/rural areas. The distribution of cases suggests higher risk of protozoan infection may exist for some communities. Conclusions These findings provide useful information for policy makers to design and tailor interventions to target high risk communities. Follow-up investigation into the risk factors for giardiasis in regional/rural areas is needed. Significance for public health This research is significant since it provides the most recent epidemiological update on the common enteric protozoa affecting Australians. It reveals that enteric protozoa cause considerable disease burden in high risk city dwellers, and provides the evidence base for development of targeted interventions for their prevention and control in high risk populations. The prevalence of enteric protozoa in this metropolitan setting underscores that microorganisms do not respect borders and that a collaborative approach is needed to contain the global spread of infectious diseases. Incorporating spatial analysis is valuable in providing a compelling picture of the geographical distribution of these often neglected diseases. Local and State Public Health departments can use this information to support further inves- PMID:25343139

Fletcher, Stephanie; Caprarelli, Graziella; Merif, Juan; Andresen, David; Hal, Sebastian Van; Stark, Damien; Ellis, John

2014-01-01

37

Three-dimensional braid-plain architecture, Bulgo Formation, Sydney basin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Triassic Bulgo Formation of the Sydney basin was deposited by a basin-wide braid-plain system. Detailed outcrop analysis of facies relationships and correlation with subsurface data allow for recognition of three-dimensional facies architecture and paleogeography reconstruction. The Lachlan foldbelt was the primary source for the Bulgo Formation. Three outcrop sites in varying proximity to the source area were examined: (1)

S. A. Reynolds; J. L. Glasford

1989-01-01

38

Synoptic analysis of heat-related mortality in Sydney, Australia, 1993-2001  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exposure to extremely hot weather has been associated with increased mortality. Temporal Synoptic Index is an effective method used to analyze the relationship between mortality and combined weather factors. The aim of this study is to examine the short-term effect of ambient heat on mortality in Sydney during the warmest 6-month period (October-March) for the years 1993-2001. Eleven synoptic categories were related to daily mortality rates in Sydney. Two distinctive warm categories were associated with significantly higher mortality rates. Hot, dry and relatively rare Synoptic Category 7 (SC7) days showed the highest daily mortality rates, followed by warm and humid SC3 days, which occurred more frequently. Increased mortality was more pronounced among the elderly population, and gender-stratified analysis showed women to be more vulnerable. Mortality on the day of the weather event was higher than 1 or 2 days after the adverse synoptic situation. Ozone and particulate matter smaller than 10 µm were found at high concentrations in SC3 and SC7, respectively, but their impact on mortality was not clear. The population of Sydney was found to be vulnerable to high temperatures, with a lower susceptibility than those of some cities in the USA and Europe.

Vaneckova, Pavla; Hart, Melissa A.; Beggs, Paul J.; de Dear, Richard J.

2008-07-01

39

The Nature and Distribution of Metals in Soils of the Sydney Estuary Catchment, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total topsoil 50th percentile Cu, Pb and Zn concentrations (n?=?491) in the Sydney estuary catchment were 23 ?g?g?1, 60 ?g?g?1 and 108 ?g?g?1, respectively. Nine percent, 6% and 25% of samples were above soil quality guidelines, respectively and mean enrichment was\\u000a 14, 35 and 29 times above background, respectively. Soils in the south-eastern region of the catchment exhibited highest metal\\u000a concentrations. The close

Gavin F. Birch; Matthew Vanderhayden; Marco Olmos

2011-01-01

40

Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. Method An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409 first-time mothers at 26-36 weeks of pregnancy, who participated in the Healthy Beginnings Trial conducted in southwestern Sydney, Australia. Dietary behaviours, including consumption of vegetables, fruit, water, milk, soft drinks, processed meat products, fast foods/take away and chips, were assessed using the New South Wales Health Survey questionnaire through face-to-face interviews. Factors associated with dietary behaviours were determined by logistic regression modeling. Log-binomial regression was used to calculate adjusted risk ratios (ARR). Results Only 7% of mothers reported meeting the recommended vegetable consumption and 13% reported meeting the recommended fruit consumption. Mean and median intakes per day were 2.3 (SD 1.3) and 2 serves of vegetables, and 2.1 (SD 1.4) and 2 serves of fruit respectively. About one fifth of mothers (21%) reported drinking 2 cups (500 ml) or more of soft drink per day and 12% reported consuming more than 2 meals or snacks from fast-food or takeaway outlets per week. A small percentage of mothers (5%) had experienced food insecurity over the past 12 months. There were significant inverse associations between water and soft drink consumption (Spearman's ? -0.20, P < 0.001), and between fruit and fast food/takeaway consumption (Spearman's ? -0.16, P = 0.001). The dietary behaviours were associated with a variety of socio-demographic characteristics, but no single factor was associated with all the dietary behaviours. Conclusions There were low reported levels of vegetable and fruit consumption and high reported levels of soft drink and takeaway/fast food consumption among pregnant women. Dietary interventions to prevent adverse health consequences need to be tailored to meet the needs of pregnant women of low socio-economic status in order to improve their own healthy eating behaviors. Increasing water and fruit consumption could lead to reduced consumption of soft drink and takeaway/fast food among pregnant women. Trial Registration HBT is registered with the Australian Clinical Trial Registry (ACTRNO12607000168459) PMID:20181084

2010-01-01

41

Social determinants of maternal self-rated health in South Western Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background From 2000 a routine survey of mothers with newborn infants was commenced in South Western Sydney. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship of maternal self-rated health, as a measure of well-being, to various socio-demographic factors including measures of social capital, country of birth, financial status and employment. Results The sample consisted of 23,534 mothers who delivered in South Western Sydney between 2004 and 2006. The data were collected as part of a routine post-partum assessment at 2–4 weeks postpartum. We examined the relationship of self-rated health with socio-demographic variables using binary logistic regression. Worse self-rated health was reported in 4% of women. Variables which were found to be significantly associated with worse self-rated health were: poor financial situation, public housing accommodation, fathers employment, no car access, unplanned pregnancy, maternal smoking, poor emotional and social support, and motherhood being more difficult than expected. Conclusion We confirmed the importance of social disadvantage and social isolation as independent risk factors for poor self-reported health. The findings reported here provide further justification for public health interventions which increase support for socially excluded mothers and strengthen their connection to their community. PMID:24447371

2014-01-01

42

174 UAC 201314 International Booklet NORTH SYDNEY CAMPUS  

E-print Network

and dinner. William Blue Dining gives our students a hands-on learning experience in a comfortable enquiries William Blue College of Hospitality Management Level 9, 171 Pacific Highway North Sydney NSW 2060 AUSTRALIA in person William Blue College of Hospitality Management Level 9, 171 Pacific Highway North Sydney

New South Wales, University of

43

A Sydney proteome story.  

PubMed

This is the story of the experience of a multidisciplinary group at Macquarie University in Sydney as we participated in, and impacted upon, major currents that washed through protein science as the field of Proteomics emerged. The large scale analysis of proteins became possible. This is not a history of the field. Instead we have tried to encapsulate the stimulating personal ride we had transiting from conventional academe, to a Major National Research Facility, to the formation of Proteomics company Proteome Systems Ltd. There were lots of blind alleys, wrong directions, but we also got some things right and our efforts, along with those of many other groups around the world, did change the face of protein science. While the transformation is by no means yet complete, protein science is very different from the field in the 1990s. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: 20years of Proteomics in memory of Viatliano Pallini. Guest Editors: Luca Bini, Juan J. Calvete, Natacha Turck, Denis Hochstrasser and Jean-Charles Sanchez. PMID:24735915

Williams, Keith L; Gooley, Andrew A; Wilkins, Marc R; Packer, Nicolle H

2014-07-31

44

Spatial analysis of heat-related mortality among the elderly between 1993 and 2004 in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

This study analyzed the geographical patterns of heat-related mortality among the population aged 65 and over within the metropolitan area of Sydney, Australia between 1993 and 2004, and evaluated the role of some physical and socio-demographic risk factors associated with it. The effect of temperature on all-cause mortality during unusually hot days was investigated using spatial analytic techniques, such as cluster analysis and spatial regression analysis. Generalized Linear Models (GLMs) were used to investigate the role of daily average temperature, ozone (O(3)) and particulate matter of diameter less than 10 microm (PM(10)) at the regions that showed a significant increase in mortality on unusually hot days. Spatial variation in mortality on unusually hot days was observed among the population 65 and over. Elderly people living within 5-20 km south-west and west of the Sydney Central Business District (CBD) were found to be more vulnerable. However, analysis using GLMs showed temperature to be a significant modifier of daily mortality in the region to the south-west of the CBD only. O(3) and PM(10) were found to be non-significant factors in the regions where air pollutants were studied. Socio-economic status and the proportion of vegetation or developed land in each Statistical Local Area (SLA) were also not a significant factor explaining the increased mortality. A combination of social and environmental factors may be at play. Our results suggest an effect of temperature on mortality of the elderly population in Sydney Statistical Division at the SLA level. More spatially-based research would be beneficial once climate datasets with improved spatial coverage become available. PMID:19880232

Vaneckova, Pavla; Beggs, Paul J; Jacobson, Carol R

2010-01-01

45

Appears in Proceedings of the 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, April 2011, Sydney, Australia. JPL Clearance CL#11-0178  

E-print Network

to acquire higher spatial resolution data. Automatic surface water extent mapping products delivered scientific challenge posed by the need to observe the global water cycle is to integrate in situ and space 2011, Sydney, Australia. JPL Clearance CL#11-0178 Using multiple space assets with In-situ measurements

Schaffer, Steven

46

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 329-331.  

E-print Network

'98, University of Sydney, Australia, 329-331. PANEL: GLOBAL CULTURE, LOCAL CULTURE, AND VERNACULAR COMPUTING The Excluded 95% in South Asia KENNETH KENISTON MIT, USA PAT HALL The Open University, UK of the top ten software companies are American with the exception of SAP Ag. The majority of Internet and Web

Thomas, Richard C.

47

Field and modelling investigations of fresh-water plume behaviour in response to infrequent high-precipitation events, Sydney Estuary, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Runoff from the urban environment is a major contributor of non-point source contamination for many estuaries, yet the ultimate fate of this stormwater within the estuary is frequently unknown in detail. The relationship between catchment rainfall and estuarine response within the Sydney Estuary (Australia) was investigated in the present study. A verified hydrodynamic model (Environmental Fluid Dynamics Computer Code) was

Serena B. Lee; Gavin F. Birch; Charles J. Lemckert

2011-01-01

48

Demographics and husbandry of pet cats living in Sydney, Australia: results of cross-sectional survey of pet ownership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim was to collect baseline data on the age, gender, breed, reproductive status and husbandry (housing, diet, vaccination, veterinary attention) of pet cats living in Sydney. Accordingly, a cross-sectional survey of 2768 households was conducted using a postal questionnaire. The 2006 Sydney residential phone book was used as the sampling frame. Non-responders were re-mailed the questionnaire on two further

Jenny-Ann L. M. Toribio; Jacqueline M. Norris; Joanna D. White; Nanveet K. Dhand; Samuel A. Hamilton; Richard Malik

2009-01-01

49

Philosophy in Sydney James Franklin  

E-print Network

"No-one in Sydney ever wastes time debating the meaning of life -- it's getting yourself a water didn't think readers would be interested. Still, I don't know... A lot of people turned up to see Alain Dawkins' The God Delusion on the bus. Dawkins may be bad at philosophy ­ well, he is bad at philosophy

Franklin, James

50

The spatial domain of wildfire risk and response in the wildland urban interface in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to quantify the risks from fire at the wildland urban interface (WUI), it is important to understand where fires occur and their likelihood of spreading to the WUI. For each of the 999 fires in the Sydney region we calculated the distance between the ignition and the WUI, the fire's weather and wind direction and whether it spread to the WUI. The likelihood of burning the WUI was analysed using binomial regression. Weather and distance interacted such that under mild weather conditions, the model predicted only a 5% chance that a fire starting >2.5 km from the interface would reach it, whereas when the conditions are extreme the predicted chance remained above 30% even at distances >10 km. Fires were more likely to spread to the WUI if the wind was from the west and in the western side of the region. We examined whether the management responses to wildfires are commensurate with risk by comparing the distribution of distance to the WUI of wildfires with roads and prescribed fires. Prescribed fires and roads were concentrated nearer to the WUI than wildfires as a whole, but further away than wildfires that burnt the WUI under extreme weather conditions (high risk fires). Overall, 79% of these high risk fires started within 2 km of the WUI, so there is some argument for concentrating more management effort near the WUI. By substituting climate change scenario weather into the statistical model, we predicted a small increase in the risk of fires spreading to the WUI, but the increase will be greater under extreme weather. This approach has a variety of uses, including mapping fire risk and improving the ability to match fire management responses to the threat from each fire. They also provide a baseline from which a cost-benefit analysis of complementary fire management strategies can be conducted.

Price, O. F.; Bradstock, R. A.

2013-12-01

51

The spatial domain of wildfire risk and response in the Wildland Urban Interface in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to quantify the risks from fire at the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI), it is important to understand where fires occur and their likelihood of spreading to the WUI. For each of 999 fires in the Sydney region we calculated the distance between the ignition and the WUI, the fire weather and wind direction and whether it spread to the WUI. The likelihood of burning the WUI was analysed using binomial regression. Weather and distance interacted such that under mild weather conditions, the model predicted only a 5% chance that a fire starting more than 2.5 km from the interface would reach it, whereas when the conditions are extreme the predicted chance remained above 30% even at distances further than 10 km. Fires were more likely to spread to the WUI if the wind was from the west and in the western side of the region. We examined whether the management responses to wildfires are commensurate with risk by comparing the distribution of distance to the WUI of wildfires with roads and prescribed fires. Prescribed fires and roads were concentrated nearer to the WUI than wildfires as a whole, but further away than wildfires that burnt the WUI under extreme weather conditions (high risk fires). 79% of these high risk fires started within 2 km of the WUI, so there is some argument for concentrating more management effort near the WUI. By substituting climate change scenario weather into the statistical model, we predicted a small increase in the risk of fires spreading to the WUI, but the increase will be greater under extreme weather. This approach has a variety of uses, including mapping fire risk and improving the ability to match fire management responses to the threat from each fire. They also provide a baseline from which a cost-benefit analysis of complementary fire management strategies can be conducted.

Price, O. F.; Bradstock, R. A.

2013-09-01

52

Fine-particle Mn and other metals linked to the introduction of MMT into gasoline in Sydney, Australia: Results of a natural experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a combination of accelerator-based ion beam methods we have analysed PM2.5 particulates for a suite of 21 species (H, C, Na, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Pb) to evaluate the contribution to Sydney (New South Wales, Australia) air associated with the introduction of MMT as a replacement

Brian Gulson; David Cohen; J. Michael Davis; Ed Stelcer; D. Garton; Olg Hawas; Alan Taylor

2006-01-01

53

Fine-particle Mn and other metals linked to the introduction of MMT into gasoline in Sydney, Australia: Results of a natural experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a combination of accelerator-based ion beam methods we have analysed PM2.5 particulates for a suite of 21 species (H, C, Na, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Pb) to evaluate the contribution to Sydney (New South Wales, Australia) air associated with the introduction of MMT as a replacement

D. D. Cohen; B. L. Gulson; J. M. Davis; E. Stelcer; D. Garton; O. Hawas; A. Taylor

2005-01-01

54

Exposure to emissions of 1,3-butadiene and benzene in the cabins of moving motor vehicles and buses in sydney, australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concentrations of 1,3-butadiene and benzene have been measured inside the cabins of both pre-1986 (non-catalyst-equipped) and post-1986 (catalyst-equipped) vehicles on freeway and urban driving routes around Sydney, Australia. Mean in-vehicle concentrations of 1,3-butadiene and benzene observed for the newer cars during the morning peak-hour were 5.5 ± 2.l and 22.1 ± 4.1 ppb respectively. Corresponding values for the older, poorly

B. L. Duffy; P. F. Nelson

1997-01-01

55

An objective index of walkability for research and planning in the Sydney Metropolitan Region of New South Wales, Australia: an ecological study  

PubMed Central

Background Walkability describes the capacity of the built environment to support walking for various purposes. This paper describes the construction and validation of two objective walkability indexes for Sydney, Australia. Methods Walkability indexes using residential density, intersection density, land use mix, with and without retail floor area ratio were calculated for 5,858 Sydney Census Collection Districts in a geographical information system. Associations between variables were evaluated using Spearman’s rho (?). Internal consistency and factor structure of indexes were estimated with Cronbach’s alpha and principal components analysis; convergent and predictive validity were measured using weighted kappa (?w) and by comparison with reported walking to work at the 2006 Australian Census using logistic regression. Spatial variation in walkability was assessed using choropleth maps and Moran’s I. Results A three-attribute abridged Sydney Walkability Index comprising residential density, intersection density and land use mix was constructed for all Sydney as retail floor area was only available for 5.3% of Census Collection Districts. A four-attribute full index including retail floor area ratio was calculated for 263 Census Collection Districts in the Sydney Central Business District. Abridged and full walkability index scores for these 263 areas were strongly correlated (?=0.93) and there was good agreement between walkability quartiles (?w=0.73). Internal consistency ranged from 0.60 to 0.71, and all index variables loaded highly on a single factor. The percentage of employed persons who walked to work increased with increasing walkability: 3.0% in low income-low walkability areas versus 7.9% in low income-high walkability areas; and 2.1% in high income-low walkability areas versus 11% in high income-high walkability areas. The adjusted odds of walking to work were 1.05 (0.96–1.15), 1.58 (1.45–1.71) and 3.02 (2.76–3.30) times higher in medium, high and very high compared to low walkability areas. Associations were similar for full and abridged indexes. Conclusions The abridged Sydney Walkability Index has predictive validity for utilitarian walking, will inform urban planning in Sydney, and will be used as an objective measure of neighbourhood walkability in a large population cohort. Abridged walkability indexes may be useful in settings where retail floor area data are unavailable. PMID:24365133

2013-01-01

56

Genetic variation in Avicennia marina in three estuaries of Sydney (Australia) and implications for rehabilitation and management.  

PubMed

In order to ensure conservation of mangroves, genetic diversity in remaining populations must be explored. Both morphological and isozyme analyses were used and compared in investigating the intra- and inter-estuarine variation in Avicennia marina in Sydney, the most urbanised area in Australia. Sediment characteristics, metal levels, tree attributes, leaf morphology and isozyme/allozyme analyses were conducted. Tree characteristics did not prove to be adequate genetic markers, but leaf morphology may be of use in this species. Isozyme/allozyme analyses indicated that genetic distance corresponded with geographic distance, although habitat metal levels may indicate local selection pressures. High levels of heterozygote deficiencies were displayed in each estuary, which could threaten future viability. The results hold implications for management as periodic isozyme analysis may be useful in indicating management needs. The identification of metal-tolerant types may also be useful. Transplantation among estuaries may assist in increasing genetic diversity, if considered desirable. Whatever the management aims, isozyme/allozyme analyses are shown to be useful for revealing genetic diversity in this species. PMID:12146830

Melville, Felicity; Burchett, Margaret

2002-06-01

57

The discrepancy in concentration of metals (Cu, Pb and Zn) in oyster tissue (Saccostrea glomerata) and ambient bottom sediment (Sydney estuary, Australia).  

PubMed

The current study aimed to examine the relationship between metals in sediments and metal bioaccumulation in oyster tissue in a highly-modified estuary (Sydney estuary, Australia). While extensive metal contamination was observed in surficial sediments, suspended particulate matter and oyster tissue, a significant relationship between these media could not be established. No relationship was determined between sediment quality guidelines and oyster size or weight, nor with human consumption levels for metals in oyster tissue. Moreover, oyster tissue metal concentrations varied greatly at a single locality over temporal scales of years. Oyster tissue at all 19 study sites exceeded consumptions levels for Cu. Bioaccumulation of metals in oyster tissue is a useful dynamic indicator of anthropogenic influence within estuaries, however oysters cannot be used in Sydney estuary as a valid biomonitor due to overriding internal regulation (homoestasis) by the animal, or by external natural (sediment resuspension) and anthropogenic (sewer/stormwater discharges) pressures, or both. PMID:24461696

Birch, G F; Melwani, A; Lee, J-H; Apostolatos, C

2014-03-15

58

Sydney Tar Ponds Remediation: Experience to China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The infamous "Sydney Tar Ponds" are well known as one of the largest toxic waste sites of Canada, due to almost 100 years of steelmaking in Sydney, a once beautiful and peaceful city located on the east side of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. This article begins with a contextual overview of the Tar Ponds issue including a brief introduction and…

Liu, Fan; Bryson, Ken A.

2009-01-01

59

URBAN RESEARCH CENTRE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN SYDNEY  

E-print Network

URBAN RESEARCH CENTRE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN SYDNEY THE EXPERIENCE OF MORTGAGE DISTRESS IN WESTERN SYDNEY #12;4 | Mortgage Distress Report 01 FOLIO HEAD © 2010 Urban Research Centre, University of Western'Neill, Urban Research Centre Dr Olga Camacho Duarte, Urban Research Centre Dr Jessica Casiro, Urban Research

University of Technology, Sydney

60

Health effects of the September 2009 dust storm in Sydney, Australia: did emergency department visits and hospital admissions increase?  

PubMed Central

Background During September 2009, a large dust storm was experienced in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Extremely high levels of particulate matter were recorded, with daily average levels of coarse matter (<10 ?m) peaking over 11,000 ?g/m3 and fine (<2.5 ?m) over 1,600 ?g/m3. We conducted an analysis to determine whether the dust storm was associated with increases in all-cause, cardiovascular, respiratory and asthma-related emergency department presentations and hospital admissions. Methods We used distributed-lag Poisson generalized models to analyse the emergency department presentations and hospital admissions adjusted for pollutants, humidity, temperature and day of week and seasonal effects to obtain estimates of relative risks associated with the dust storm. Results The dust storm period was associated with large increases in asthma emergency department visits (relative risk 1.23, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.38, p?

2013-01-01

61

Breastfeeding: how could it be enhanced? The perceptions of Vietnamese women in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia, the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding is on the decline. The low incidence of breastfeeding includes the immigrant Vietnamese. The purpose of this study was to examine Vietnamese women’s perceptions of factors that might influence their choice of infant feeding and how breastfeeding could be promoted and maintained by nurses, midwives, other health professionals, and the health care

Joh Chin Rossiter; Bernard M. C Yam

2000-01-01

62

The health effects of swimming at Sydney beaches. The Sydney Beach Users Study Advisory Group.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. The purpose of the study was to determine the health risks of swimming at ocean beaches in Sydney, Australia. METHODS. From people attending 12 Sydney beaches in the period from December 5, 1989 to February 26, 1990, we recruited a cohort of 8413 adults who agreed to participate in this study. Of these, 4424 were excluded either because they had been swimming in the previous 5 days or because they reported a current illness. Of the remainder, 2839 successfully completed a follow-up telephone interview conducted within 10 days after recruitment. We recorded reported respiratory, gastrointestinal, eye, and ear symptoms and fever that occurred within the 10 days between initial interview on the beach and the follow-up interview. RESULTS. A total of 683 participants (24.0%) reported experiencing symptoms in the 10 days following initial interview. Of these, 435 (63.7%) reported respiratory symptoms. Swimmers were almost twice as likely as nonswimmers to report symptoms. There was a linear relationship between water pollution and all reported symptoms with the exception of gastrointestinal complaints. CONCLUSIONS. Swimmers at Sydney ocean beaches are more likely to report respiratory, ear, and eye symptoms than beachgoers who do not swim. The incidence of these symptoms increases slightly with increasing levels of pollution. PMID:8259798

Corbett, S J; Rubin, G L; Curry, G K; Kleinbaum, D G

1993-01-01

63

Factors influencing mental-health help-seeking in Arabic-speaking communities in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, the utilization of mental-health services by Arabic-speaking communities in Australia has been low. Interviews were conducted with 35 key informants from Arabic-speaking backgrounds, exploring their perceptions of mental illness in the Arab community, together with preferred forms of support and treatment. Transcript analysis of audio-taped interviews identified key themes that inhibited professional mental-health help-seeking and utilization of mental-health services.

Jacqueline Youssef; Frank P. Deane

2006-01-01

64

Water-saving impacts of Smart Meter technology: An empirical 5 year, whole-of-community study in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

2009-2010 Sydney Water, the primary water utility in Sydney, conducted a comprehensive Smart Metering trial in residential homes in the suburb of Westleigh, in Sydney's north. The trial involved 1923 participants residing in 630 households. A whole-of-community method of engagement was applied to capture the views of residents from 12 to 70+ years of age. The trial examined the effects of the technology on the water consumption of an intervention group compared with that of a matched control group. After removing properties that had been sold since the beginning of the trial, properties in the study group were matched with a control group property on the basis of the household size, property size and the presence (or otherwise) of a swimming pool. The effects of the technology on consumption were measured and analyzed for the period July 2009 to June 2010, coupled with qualitative information that was collected throughout the duration of the study. A key finding was that households with the in-home display (IHD) installed, reduced their consumption by an average of over 6.8% over the study period when compared to the control group. Since completion of the study the community has not had any further interventions. The trial created an opportunity to examine the longer-term effects of the technology (June 2008 to September 2013). Consumption data collected over the 3 year posttrial period revealed that the participant group consumed 6.4% per month less water when compared to the pretrial period, whilst the matched control group consumed 1.3% per month more water when compared to the pretrial period. The reduced consumption of the participant group was maintained over time, demonstrating the long-term value of this technology.

Davies, Kirsten; Doolan, Corinna; van den Honert, Robin; Shi, Rose

2014-09-01

65

Use of Sediment Risk and Ecological/Conservation Value for Strategic Management of Estuarine Environments: Sydney Estuary, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sediment mantling the floor of Sydney estuary contains a wide range of chemicals at highly elevated concentrations over extensive areas. Appropriate sediment management decisions are urgently required to prevent further degradation of sediment quality and to minimize resulting adverse ecological effects. The objective of the present work was to provide a systematic, estuary-wide assessment of sediment risk and ecological/conservation value throughout the harbor to guide sediment management decisions. Sediment risk is the likelihood of sediment chemistry causing adverse biological effects to bottom-dwelling animals and was conducted using national sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) for single contaminants and the mean SQG quotient approach to assess chemical mixtures. Sediment risk was negligible at the mouth of the estuary, but increased strongly landwards. The ecological/conservation value assessment was conducted to identify sites that warrant different levels of protection and was conducted using the value of ecological communities and priority waterway use. Consideration of these two parameters combined enabled the estuary to be prioritized for management attention. The prioritization and identification of appropriate management strategies were determined through the use of management matrices also based on sediment risk and ecological/conservation value. A computer package is being developed to provide managers with information on sediment risk, ecological/conservation value, the urgency and the type of management intervention required for any location in Sydney estuary, in real-time. This approach to estuarine management is unique and will greatly improve effective management of Sydney estuary, and other harbors in urgent need of management action and protection.

Birch, Gavin F.; Hutson, Philip

2009-10-01

66

Interpretation at Wetland Sites in the Sydney Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpretive and educational facilities at five wetland sites near Sydney (Australia) were studied to determine their goals, range of facilities and activities, and themes related to wetlands and their conservation covered in informal visitor programs and formal education programs for school groups. Program objectives and activities were generally…

Chadhokar, Yojana; McLoughlin, Lynette C.

1999-01-01

67

A pre-and-post study of an urban renewal program in a socially disadvantaged neighbourhood in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Urban renewal programs aim to target both the physical and social environments to improve the social capital, social connectedness, sense of community and economic conditions of residents of the neighbourhoods. We evaluated the impact of an urban renewal program on the health and well-being of residents of a socially disadvantaged community in south-western Sydney, Australia. Methods Pre- and post-urban renewal program surveys were conducted with householders by trained interviewers. The urban renewal program was conducted over 16?months and consisted of internal upgrades (including internal painting; replacement of kitchens, bathrooms and carpets; general maintenance), external upgrades (including property painting; new fencing, carports, letterboxes, concrete driveways, drainage and landscaping), general external maintenance, and social interventions such as community engagement activities, employment initiatives, and building a community meeting place. The questionnaire asked about demographic characteristics, self-reported physical activity, psychological distress, self-rated health, and perceptions of aesthetics, safety and walkability in the neighbourhood. We used the paired chi-square test (McNemars test) to compare paired proportions. A Bonferroni corrected p-value of <0.0013 denoted statistical significance. Results Following the urban renewal program we did not find statistically significant changes in perceptions of aesthetics, safety and walkability in the neighbourhood. However, post-urban renewal, more householders reported there were attractive buildings and homes in their neighbourhood (18% vs 64%), felt that they belonged to the neighbourhood (48% vs 70%), that their area had a reputation for being a safe place (8% vs 27%), that they felt safe walking down their street after dark (52% vs 85%), and that people who came to live in the neighbourhood would be more likely to stay rather than move elsewhere (13% vs 54%). Changes in psychological distress and self-rated health were not statistically significant. Conclusions We found an increase, in the short-term, in the proportion of householders reporting improvements in some aspects of their immediate neighbourhood following the urban renewal program. It will be important to repeat the survey in the future to determine whether these positive changes are sustained. PMID:22788536

2012-01-01

68

Overdose beliefs and management practices among ethnic Vietnamese heroin users in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Ethnic Vietnamese injecting drug users (IDUs) in Australia draw on a range of beliefs and etiologic models, sometimes simultaneously, in order to make sense of health and illness. These include understandings of illness as the result of internal imbalances and Western concepts of disease causation including germ/pollution theory. Methods Observational fieldwork and in-depth interviews were conducted between 2001 and 2006 in neighbourhoods characterised by high proportions of Asian background IDUs and street-based drug markets. Eligibility criteria for the study were: 1) ethnic Vietnamese cultural background; 2) aged 16 years and over and; 3) injected drugs in the last 6 months. Results Participants commonly attempted to treat heroin overdose by withdrawing blood (rút máu) from the body. Central to this practice are cultural beliefs about the role and function of blood in the body and its relationship to illness and health. Participants' beliefs in blood were strongly influenced by understandings of blood expressed in traditional Chinese and Vietnamese medicine. Many participants perceived Western drugs, particularly heroin, as "hot" and "strong". In overdose situations, it was commonly believed that an excessive amount of drugs (particularly heroin) entered the bloodstream and traveled to the heart, making the heart work too hard. Withdrawing blood was understood to reduce the amount of drugs in the body which in turn reduced the effects of drugs on the blood and the heart. Conclusion The explanatory model of overdose employed by ethnic Vietnamese IDUs privileges traditional beliefs about the circulatory, rather than the respiratory, system. This paper explores participants' beliefs about blood, the effects of drugs on blood and the causes of heroin overdose in order to document the explanatory model of overdose used by ethnic Vietnamese IDUs. Implications for overdose prevention, treatment and management are identified and discussed. PMID:19397811

Maher, Lisa; Ho, Hien T

2009-01-01

69

Notre Dame Academic awarded 2008 Sydney Peace Prize  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prominent Indigenous leader and Professor at The University of Notre Dame Australia’s, Broome Campus, Patrick Dodson, was awarded the 2008 Sydney Peace Prize on 6 November.\\u000aThe award was made for Professor Dodson’s ‘courageous advocacy of the human rights of Indigenous people, for distinguished leadership for the reconciliation movement and for a lifetime of commitment to peace with justice through

Lyn Quince

2008-01-01

70

Use of 210Pb and 137Cs to simultaneously constrain ages and sources of post-dam sediments in the Cordeaux reservoir, Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Environmental radionuclides can be employed as tracers of sediment movement and delivery to water bodies such as lakes and reservoirs. The chronologies of sediments that have accumulated in the Cordeaux reservoir in Sydney, Australia, were determined by the rate of change of (210)Pb(ex) with depth and indicate slow accretion in the reservoir. The ratio of enrichment of radionuclides in sediment cores to (210)Pb(ex) and (137)Cs concentrations in a reference soil sample within the Cordeaux catchment indicates that the dominant source of sediment in the Cordeaux reservoir is surface erosion (detachment and removal of sediment at depths less than 30 cm). However, in the Kembla Creek arm of the reservoir a mixture of sources was detected and includes sheet and rill erosion together with sub-soil contributions. Implications for the utility of these radionuclide sedimentation assessments, especially where samples are limited, are that well-constrained chronologies and sources of soil erosion are facilitated. PMID:18289748

Simms, Ava D; Woodroffe, Colin; Jones, Brian G; Heijnis, Henk; Mann, Rob A; Harrison, Jennifer

2008-07-01

71

"They just scraped off the calluses": a mixed methods exploration of foot care access and provision for people with rheumatoid arthritis in south-western Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background There is little indication that foot health services in Australia are meeting modern day recommendations for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients. The overall objective of this study was to explore the current state of foot health services for patients with RA with an emphasis on identifying barriers to the receipt of appropriate foot care in South-West Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Methods A mixed (quantitative and qualitative) approach was adopted. Indications for appropriate access to foot care were determined by comparing the foot health, disease and socio-demographic characteristics of patients with unmet foot care demands, foot care users and patients with no demands for foot care. Perceptions of provision of, and access to, foot care were explored by conducting telephone-based interviews using an interpretative phenomenology approach with thematic analysis. Results Twenty-nine participants took part in the cross-sectional quantitative research study design, and 12 participants took part in the interpretative phenomenological approach (qualitative study). Foot care access appeared to be driven predominantly by the presence of rearfoot deformity, which was significantly worse amongst participants in the foot care user group (p?=?0.02). Five main themes emerged from the qualitative data: 1) impact of disease-related foot symptoms, 2) footwear difficulties, 3) medical/rheumatology encounters, 4) foot and podiatry care access and experiences, and 5) financial hardship. Conclusions Foot care provision does not appear to be driven by appropriate foot health characteristics such as foot pain or foot-related disability. There may be significant shortfalls in footwear and foot care access and provision in Greater Western Sydney. Several barriers to adequate foot care access and provision were identified and further efforts are required to improve access to and the quality of foot care for people who have RA. Integration of podiatry services within rheumatology centres could resolve unmet needs of people with RA by permitting rapid access to expert-led multidisciplinary foot care for people with RA. PMID:23938103

2013-01-01

72

Fluid flow histories in Permo-Triass sediments of the Sydney Basin, SE Australia; isotope and fluid inclusion constraints  

SciTech Connect

A petrographic, isotopic and fluid inclusion investigation of Permo-Triassic sandstones in the Sydney Basin has enabled reconstruction of the history of fluid flow. Diagenetic cements in Triassic sandstones comprise, in order, grain coating clays and carbonates, pore filling carbonates, kaolin, quartz, late interstitial carbonate and illite. Diagenesis in the Permian sandstones began with pore filling siderite prior to saddle ankerite, followed by quartz and then illite and late carbonates. Fluid rock interaction during burial resulted in increases in pore water 8180 from depositional values of -17[per thousand] to about -12[per thousand] to -7[per thousand] at the time of quartz overgrowth crystallization and to between -7[per thousand] to -1[per thousand] at the time of illite crystallisation. Interpretation of fluid inclusion data and maturity measurements indicates that heat flow increased during the Triassic and Jurassic, reaching a maximum of about 2.1 HFU in the Cretaceous. Late Cretaceous uplift, cooling and erosion was initiated at the same time as, and probably related to, the initiation of Tasman Sea rifting. The rocks had previously been more deeply buried by 1500-2100m. The uplift resulted in cessation of illite diagenesis timed at 90Ma and meteoric water invasion of the sandstones in turn causing partial resetting of [delta]D compositions of the diagenetic clays to less D-depleted values.

Hamilton, P.J. (CSIRO Petroleum Resources, New South Wales (Australia)); Bai, G.P. (Sydney Univ. (Australia)) (and others)

1996-01-01

73

Fluid flow histories in Permo-Triass sediments of the Sydney Basin, SE Australia; isotope and fluid inclusion constraints  

SciTech Connect

A petrographic, isotopic and fluid inclusion investigation of Permo-Triassic sandstones in the Sydney Basin has enabled reconstruction of the history of fluid flow. Diagenetic cements in Triassic sandstones comprise, in order, grain coating clays and carbonates, pore filling carbonates, kaolin, quartz, late interstitial carbonate and illite. Diagenesis in the Permian sandstones began with pore filling siderite prior to saddle ankerite, followed by quartz and then illite and late carbonates. Fluid rock interaction during burial resulted in increases in pore water 8180 from depositional values of -17{per_thousand} to about -12{per_thousand} to -7{per_thousand} at the time of quartz overgrowth crystallization and to between -7{per_thousand} to -1{per_thousand} at the time of illite crystallisation. Interpretation of fluid inclusion data and maturity measurements indicates that heat flow increased during the Triassic and Jurassic, reaching a maximum of about 2.1 HFU in the Cretaceous. Late Cretaceous uplift, cooling and erosion was initiated at the same time as, and probably related to, the initiation of Tasman Sea rifting. The rocks had previously been more deeply buried by 1500-2100m. The uplift resulted in cessation of illite diagenesis timed at 90Ma and meteoric water invasion of the sandstones in turn causing partial resetting of {delta}D compositions of the diagenetic clays to less D-depleted values.

Hamilton, P.J. [CSIRO Petroleum Resources, New South Wales (Australia); Bai, G.P. [Sydney Univ. (Australia)] [and others

1996-12-31

74

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY GROUNDS CONSERVATION PLAN  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY GROUNDS CONSERVATION PLAN VOLUME 1 Prepared by Dr Michael Pearson (Heritage;- i - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This conservation plan documents the various aspects of heritage significance.............................................................................................................. 1 1.1 Background and Planning Context 1 1.2 The Conservation Planning Process 1 1.3 How

Viglas, Anastasios

75

University of Sydney School of Information Technologies  

E-print Network

1 University of Sydney School of Information Technologies Generating Random Variables Pseudo;2 Generating Arbitrarily Distributed Random Variables from Uniform Random Variables We need to be able to convert uniformly distributed [0,1) random variables into rv's drawn from the distributions we

Kimbrough, Steven Orla

76

Notre Dame WYD Pilgrims share their journey with Sydney Campus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Staff and students from The University of Notre Dame Australia, Sydney Campus gathered for Mass and a barbecue lunch to welcome home the World Youth Day pilgrims.\\u000aSome of the students who made the journey took the opportunity to share their testimonies from the road to Madrid.\\u000aThe presentations were kicked off by pilgrim Jessica Nohra, whose journey down Mount

Elizabeth Fenech

2011-01-01

77

A human thermal climatology of subtropical Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a physiologically relevant thermal comfort index (OUT_SET*), an analysis of the week-by-week human thermal climate of Sydney was carried out for three levels of metabolic activity. The OUT_SET* index is an outdoor version of the widely used indoor comfort index called the standard effective temperature (SET*) incorporating air and mean radiant temperatures, relative humidity, air velocity, clothing insulation and activity level. The outdoor comfort zone for Sydney in terms of OUT_SET* was found from earlier subjective field studies to be in the range 23.8-28.5°C. The analysis indicated that the mid-summer period (weeks 43 through to 12 in the Southern Hemisphere) was most suitable for sedentary outdoor activities (e.g. watching spectator sport), whereas the mid-winter period was more suitable for light activities such as walking. Sydney's winter was found to be a very suitable season for tourism in many respects because of (a) low rainfall months, like August, and (b) the ability to undertake light activities while remaining within the outdoor comfort zone. For high metabolic activities during the day, for example the mass participation Sydney City-to-Surf fun run, it was found that the threshold limit value for increased risk of heat stress (as defined by ISO 7243, 1989) is exceeded up to 50% of the time during the summer (weeks 50 through to 9 at 3 p.m.) at the 90th percentile probability level. The methods and results of this study should be relevant to end-users such as architects, engineers, outdoor-event planners and the tourism industry in general.

Spagnolo, J. C.; de Dear, R. J.

2003-09-01

78

Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami - an application of the revised Papathoma Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment (PTVA-3) Model in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009a, b) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience. Last, we propose the wider application of the PTVA-3 Model as a tool for building vulnerability assessment. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009a). A revised (PTVA) model for assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 1557-1565. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009b). Assessment of the vulnerability of buildings to damage from tsunami (in Sydney). Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 2015-2026.

Dominey-Howes, Dale; Dall'Osso, Fillippo; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.

2010-05-01

79

2 University of Sydney Privacy Management Plan Contents  

E-print Network

Prepared in accordance with s.33 of the NSW Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act 1998 to provide information to staff, students and the public about the personal information held by the University of Sydney, and to direct members of staff of the University to the procedures and practices required to comply with that Act and the NSW Health Records and Information Privacy Act 2002. University of Sydney Privacy Management Plan © The University of Sydney, 2013.

unknown authors

2013-01-01

80

The media at Asilomar, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Manipulation>Revolution>putting it together Sydney Brenner on the Press at Asilomar Sydney Brenner talks about his suggestion that the Press switch off their tape recorders at Asilomar.

2008-10-06

81

Explaining ecological clusters of maternal depression in South Western Sydney  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of the qualitative study reported here was to: 1) explain the observed clustering of postnatal depressive symptoms in South Western Sydney; and 2) identify group-level mechanisms that would add to our understanding of the social determinants of maternal depression. Methods Critical realism provided the methodological underpinning for the study. The setting was four local government areas in South Western Sydney, Australia. Child and Family practitioners and mothers in naturally occurring mothers groups were interviewed. Results Using an open coding approach to maximise emergence of patterns and relationships we have identified seven theoretical concepts that might explain the observed spatial clustering of maternal depression. The theoretical concepts identified were: Community-level social networks; Social Capital and Social Cohesion; "Depressed community"; Access to services at the group level; Ethnic segregation and diversity; Supportive social policy; and Big business. Conclusions We postulate that these regional structural, economic, social and cultural mechanisms partially explain the pattern of maternal depression observed in families and communities within South Western Sydney. We further observe that powerful global economic and political forces are having an impact on the local situation. The challenge for policy and practice is to support mothers and their families within this adverse regional and global-economic context. PMID:24460690

2014-01-01

82

International College of Management, Sydney  

E-print Network

& Retail Marketing Tuesday 1 October 2013 Sports Management Wednesday 2 October 2013 Business Management will experience: industry training included in all undergraduate degrees work integrated learning as all public universities in Australia. Strongly endorsed and supported by industry, ICMS offers

New South Wales, University of

83

Public assessment of the usefulness of "draft" tsunami evacuation maps from Sydney, Australia - implications for the establishment of formal evacuation plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia is at risk from tsunamis and recent work has identified the need for models to assess the vulnerability of exposed coastal areas - a fundamental element of the risk management process. Outputs of vulnerability assessment can be used as a baseline for the generation of tsunami prevention and mitigation measures, including evacuation maps. Having noted that no evacuation maps exist for Manly, Sydney (an area recently subjected to high resolution building vulnerability assessment by Dall'Osso et al., 2009b), we use the results of the analysis by Dall'Osso et al. (2009b) to "draft" tsunami evacuation maps that could be used by the local emergency service organisations. We then interviewed 500 permanent residents of Manly in order to gain a rapid assessment on their views about the potential usefulness of the draft evacuation maps we generated. Results of the survey indicate that residents think the maps are useful and understandable, and include insights that should be considered by local government planners and emergency risk management specialists during the development of official evacuation maps (and plans) in the future.

Dall'Osso, F.; Dominey-Howes, D.

2010-08-01

84

Fine-particle Mn and other metals linked to the introduction of MMT into gasoline in Sydney, Australia: Results of a natural experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a combination of accelerator-based ion beam methods we have analysed PM 2.5 particulates for a suite of 21 species (H, C, Na, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Pb) to evaluate the contribution to Sydney (New South Wales, Australia) air associated with the introduction of MMT as a replacement for lead. MMT was discontinued in 2004. Teflon filters representing continuous sampling for a 7 year period from 1998 to 2004 were analysed from two sites: one from Mascot, a suburb close to the Central Business District [CBD ( n=718)] and a high trafficked area, and the other, a relatively rural (background) setting at Richmond, ˜20 km west of the CBD ( n=730). Manganese concentrations in air at the background site increased from a mean of 1.5-1.6 ng m -3 to less than 2 ng m -3 at the time of greatest MMT use whereas those at Mascot increased from about 2 to 5 ng m -3. From the maximum values, the Mn showed a steady decrease at both sites concomitant with the decreasing use of MMT. Lead concentrations in air at both sites decreased from 1998 onwards, concomitant with the phase out of leaded gasoline, attained in 2002. Employing previously determined elemental signatures it was possible to adjust effects from season along with auto emissions and soil. A high correlation was obtained for the relationship between Mn in air and lead replacement gasoline use ( R2 0.83) and an improved correlation for Mn/ Al+Si+K and lead replacement gasoline use ( R2 0.93). In addition, using Mn concentrations normalized to background values of Al+Si+K or Ti to account for the lithogenically derived Mn, the proportion of anthropogenic Mn was approximately 70%. The changes for Mn and Pb detected in the particulates are attributed to the before-during-after use of MMT and decreasing use of lead in gasoline. The values measured in Sydney air are well below the reference concentration of 50 ng Mn m -3. The incremental increases in air, however, are larger than expected given the limited use of MMT only in lead replacement gasoline and high quality monitoring should be undertaken in countries where MMT is used in all gasoline.

Cohen, D. D.; Gulson, B. L.; Davis, J. M.; Stelcer, E.; Garton, D.; Hawas, O.; Taylor, A.

85

Prevalence, incidence and risk factors for hepatitis C in homosexual men: data from two cohorts of HIV-negative and HIV-positive men in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundAn increasing incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in HIV-positive homosexual men has recently been described, but it is uncertain to what extent this reflects sexual transmission. We report prevalence, incidence and risk factors for HCV infection in community-based cohorts of HIV-negative and HIV-positive homosexual men in Sydney.MethodsBoth cohorts recruited participants using similar community-based strategies. Men underwent annual face-to-face

Fengyi Jin; Garrett P Prestage; Gail Matthews; Iryna Zablotska; Patrick Rawstorne; Susan C Kippax; John M Kaldor; Andrew E Grulich

2010-01-01

86

An environmental intervention to promote walking and cycling—the impact of a newly constructed Rail Trail in Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFew studies have evaluated environmental changes to promote physical activity. The impact of a local promotional campaign around a newly constructed Rail Trail in western Sydney, Australia, was assessed.

Dafna Merom; Adrian Bauman; Philip Vita; Glenn Close

2003-01-01

87

The scientific legacy of Sydney Chapman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney Chapman (1888-1970) was arguably one of the greatest scientists of the twentieth century. His comprehensive work on the kinetic theory of gases and solar-terrestrial physics, as well as on the mechanisms behind the formation of Earth's ozone layer, has inspired a wide swath of research spanning several generations [Van Allen, 1970]. Chapman, a member of the Royal Society, in London, and president of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), also was a recipient of AGU's William Bowie Medal. Young AGU members today may recognize Chapman from the topical conferences that carry his name. Although his biography has so far not been published, he gave three talks on his life: two at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo., in 1965 and 1966, and one at the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, in 1967 (see Figure 1). All three are transcribed and included in a book, Sydney Chapman, Eighty: From His Friends [Akasofu et al., 1968]. These talks, combined with other sources, shed light on this insightful and discerning scientist.

Akasofu, Syun-Ichi

2011-08-01

88

Exposure to emissions of 1,3-butadiene and benzene in the cabins of moving motor vehicles and buses in sydney, australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concentrations of 1,3-butadiene and benzene have been measured inside the cabins of both pre-1986 (non-catalyst-equipped) and post-1986 (catalyst-equipped) vehicles on freeway and urban driving routes around Sydney, Australia. Mean in-vehicle concentrations of 1,3-butadiene and benzene observed for the newer cars during the morning peak-hour were 5.5 ± 2.l and 22.1 ± 4.1 ppb respectively. Corresponding values for the older, poorly maintained vehicle were 11.5 ± 3.0 and 48.1 ± 6.9 ppb, respectively, about double those of newer vehicles. 1,3-Butadiene was only observed at significant concentrations inside the cabins of moving vehicles during peak-hour traffic. Concentrations of this species both in the ambient air, and in the vehicle cabins during freeway trips in non-peak periods, were near or below the detection limit of 0.1 ppb. Therefore, commuter trips are likely to be the major source of exposure to this compound. Both using the airconditioner and driving with the vents closed were the most effective ventilation conditions for minimising the exposure to fresh exhaust. For both conditions, trip average in-vehicle concentrations were about 70% of those in the air directly outside the vehicle. For vehicles left in a parking station during the day, exposures to 1,3-butadiene during evening commuter trips were observed to be about 1.2 times those in the morning peak-hour. Concentrations of volatile organic compounds measured inside buses were about 50% of those observed for newer cars.

Duffy, B. L.; Nelson, P. F.

89

Gallery 21: Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson (2)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

(Page 2 of 2) Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson trying to arrange a visit to Meselson's lab. Meselson forwarded the letter to George 'Beets' Beadle, department chair, to request financial assistance for Brenner.

2009-12-26

90

Faculty of Economics and Business The University of Sydney  

E-print Network

1 Faculty of Economics and Business The University of Sydney Participatory Budgeting: a developing country process? A comparative analysis of the experiences of PB in Brazil, France and Spain. Lyn Carson

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Gallery 21: Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson (1)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

(Page 1 of 2) Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson trying to arrange a visit to Meselson's lab. Meselson forwarded the letter to George 'Beets' Beadle, department chair, to request financial assistance for Brenner.

2009-12-26

92

Globalization and the public sphereExploring the space of community media in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent accounts of Habermas's conception of the public sphere concern the interlocking of multiple networks and spaces. In a global context new interfaces between existing (counter-) public spheres can lead to multiple counter-publics. This article explores this phenomenon through the examination of the communicative spaces that offer alternatives to Australia's mainstream public sphere from three different strands of Sydney's community

Nick Couldry; Tanja Dreher

2007-01-01

93

Sarah Dawes and the coal lumpers: absence and presence on the Sydney waterfront 1900-1917  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is, primarily, a feminist account of meaning and significance in working class households on the early twentieth century Sydney waterfront. Initially, the raison detre of the thesis was to redress the patent absence of women and their domestic labour in my earlier work on the history of the Waterside Workers Federation of Australia (WWF). However, in response to

Margo Beasley

2004-01-01

94

Concentrations of Pathogens and Indicators in Animal Feces in the Sydney Watershed  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fecal analysis survey was undertaken to quantify animal inputs of pathogenic and indicator microorgan- isms in the temperate watersheds of Sydney, Australia. The feces from a range of domestic animals and wildlife were analyzed for the indicator bacteria fecal coliforms and Clostridium perfringens spores, the pathogenic protozoa Cryptosporidium and Giardia, and the enteric viruses adenovirus, enterovirus, and reovirus. Pathogen

Peter Cox; Merran Griffith; Mark Angles; Daniel Deere; Christobel Ferguson

2005-01-01

95

A profile of coding staff in Sydney metropolitan public hospitals.  

PubMed

This survey assessed the profiles of ICD-10-AM coding staff employed in 13 major, acute care public hospitals in Sydney, Australia, during a two-week period in 1999. Approximately 90% (56/61) of respondents gave their job title as Clinical Coder or Coding Clerk; of these, 20 (36%) were qualified Health Information Managers, of whom 10 coded for >or=90% of their work-time and three for <75% of the time. One quarter of all Clinical Coders/Coding Clerks spent >25% of their work time performing duties other than coding. Five Health Information Management (HIM) Clinical Coders/Coding Clerks were paid under the Clerical, rather than the HIM, Award. PMID:19468152

McIntosh, Jean; Dimitropoulos, Vera; Bramley, Michelle

2004-01-01

96

University of Sydney Australie | Australia  

E-print Network

Sciences, Biopharmaceutical Science, Biochemistry, Criminology, International Studies and Modern Languages PSYC2011 PSY2301 Sciences Marine Biology BIOL3013 BIO3XXX Health Science Exercise, Health and Disease EXSS3024 APA3XXX Health Science Research and Practice EXSS3036 APA3180 Health Science Biochemistry

Petriu, Emil M.

97

Extreme Droughts In Sydney And Melbourne Since The 1850s  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney and Melbourne are the two highly populated and very well known Australian cities. Population is over 4 million for each. These cities are subject to extreme droughts which affect regional water resources and cause substantial agricultural and economic losses. This study presents a drought analysis of Sydney and Melbourne for the period of 1850s to date by using Effective Drought Index (EDI) and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). EDI is a function of precipitation needed for return to normal conditions, the amount of precipitation necessary for recovery from the accumulated deficit since the beginning of a drought. SPI is the most popular and widely used drought index for the last decades. According to the results of EDI analysis; 8 different extreme drought events identified in Sydney, and 5 events in Melbourne since 1850s. The characterization of these extreme drought events were investigated in terms of magnitude, duration, intensity and interarrival time between previous drought event. EDI results were compared with the results of SPI and the similarities and differences were then discussed in more detail. The most severe drought event was identified for the period of July 1979 to February 1981 (lasted 19 months) for Sydney, while the most severe drought took longer in Melbourne for the period of March 2006 to February 2010 (47 months). This study focuses on the benefits of the use of EDI and SPI methods in order to monitor droughts beside presenting the extreme drought case study of Sydney and Melbourne.

Dogan, Selim

2014-05-01

98

Dose assessment for marine biota and humans from discharge of (131)I to the marine environment and uptake by algae in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Iodine-131 reaches the marine environment through its excretion to the sewer by nuclear medicine patients followed by discharge through coastal and deepwater out falls. 131I has been detected in macroalgae,which bio-accumulate iodine, growing near the coastal out fall of Cronulla sewage treatment plant (STP) since 1995. During this study, (131)I levels in liquid effluent and sludge from three Sydney STP's as well as in macroalgae (Ulva sp. and Ecklonia radiata) growing near their shoreline out falls were measured. Concentration factors of 176 for Ulva sp. and 526 for E. radiata were derived. Radiation dose rates to marine biota from (131)I discharged to coastal waters calculated using the ERICA dose assessment tool were below the ERICA screening level of 10 ?Gy/hr. Radiation dose rates to humans from immersion in seawater or consumption of Ulva sp. containing (131)I were three and two orders of magnitude below the IAEA screening level of 10 ?Sv/year, respectively. PMID:22180886

Carolan, Jessica Veliscek; Hughes, Catherine E; Hoffmann, Emmy L

2011-10-01

99

Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami in Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience.

Dall'Osso, F.; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.; Dominey-Howes, D.

2009-12-01

100

Activity rates and thermal comfort of office occupants in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designs for air conditioning systems are based on steady-state equilibrium theories of heat exchange and rely on the estimation of an average activity rate for building occupants. This is, however, an uncertain procedure. In a longitudinal field study of thermal comfort in an office building in Sydney, weightings were applied to self-reported activity rates to account for decay over the

David Malcolm Rowe

2001-01-01

101

Engaging the Refugee Community of Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the community engagement program, "Refugee Action Support" (RAS) at the University of Western Sydney. RAS is a partnership program between the Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation, The NSW Department of Education and Training and the university. The Refugee Action Support program prepares pre-service teachers to teach…

Naidoo, Loshini

2010-01-01

102

UAC 201314 Guide 391 University of Western Sydney  

E-print Network

Westmead campus UWSCollege Westmead Student Centre, Building J Hawkesbury Road, Westmead NSW The University with a student population in excess of 40,000. As a major urban university, UWS campuses extend throughoutUAC 2013­14 Guide 391 University of Western Sydney ALL CAMPUSES CRICOS provider number 00917K

New South Wales, University of

103

124 UAC 201314 International Booklet NORTH SYDNEY CAMPUS  

E-print Network

teaching rather than teaching professionals ­ and the students benefit. It's a unique, fun, interactive, as well as full interaction with BB Studio, our Industry & Strategic Projects hub, which links students with sister college CATC Design School. Located in the bustling North Sydney CBD (with campuses in Melbourne

New South Wales, University of

104

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY DISABILITY ACTION PLAN 201318  

E-print Network

promising students can thrive and realise their full potential, we must ensure that we provide a learning in the disability action plan workshops, student and staff surveys and those who commented during the draftingTHE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY DISABILITY ACTION PLAN 2013­18 #12;The University's first Disability

Viglas, Anastasios

105

The Relationship Between Obesity and Blood Pressure Differs by Ethnicity in Sydney School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and high systolic blood pressure (SBP) in Southeast Asian (SEAsian) and Australian children living in Australia.MethodsSBP, country of birth, and obesity indices (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and percent body fat (%TBF)) were recorded in 1,232 9-year-old children from Sydney schools and remeasured 3 years later

Liang Ke; Kaye E. Brock; Rosemary V. Cant; Yang Li; Stephen L. Morrell

2009-01-01

106

Travel Mode and Physical Activity at Sydney University  

PubMed Central

How staff and students travel to university can impact their physical activity level. An online survey of physical activity and travel behaviour was conducted in early November 2012 to inform planning of physical activity and active travel promotion programs at the University of Sydney, Australia as part of the “Sit Less, Move More” sub-committee of the Healthy University Initiative, and as baseline data for evaluation. There were 3,737 useable responses, 60% of which were from students. Four out of five respondents travelled to the University on the day of interest (Tuesday, November 30, 2012). The most frequently used travel modes were train (32%), car as driver (22%), bus (17%), walking (17%) and cycling (6%). Staff were twice as likely to drive as students, and also slightly more likely to use active transport, defined as walking and cycling (26% versus 22%). Overall, 41% of respondents were sufficiently active (defined by meeting physical activity recommendations of 150 min per week). Participants were more likely to meet physical activity recommendations if they travelled actively to the University. With a high proportion of respondents using active travel modes or public transport already, increasing the physical activity levels and increasing the use of sustainable travel modes would mean a mode shift from public transport to walking and cycling for students is needed and a mode shift from driving to public transport or active travel for University staff. Strategies to achieve this are discussed. PMID:23939390

Rissel, Chris; Mulley, Corinne; Ding, Ding

2013-01-01

107

Travel mode and physical activity at Sydney University.  

PubMed

How staff and students travel to university can impact their physical activity level. An online survey of physical activity and travel behaviour was conducted in early November 2012 to inform planning of physical activity and active travel promotion programs at the University of Sydney, Australia as part of the "Sit Less, Move More" sub-committee of the Healthy University Initiative, and as baseline data for evaluation. There were 3,737 useable responses, 60% of which were from students. Four out of five respondents travelled to the University on the day of interest (Tuesday, November 30, 2012). The most frequently used travel modes were train (32%), car as driver (22%), bus (17%), walking (17%) and cycling (6%). Staff were twice as likely to drive as students, and also slightly more likely to use active transport, defined as walking and cycling (26% versus 22%). Overall, 41% of respondents were sufficiently active (defined by meeting physical activity recommendations of 150 min per week). Participants were more likely to meet physical activity recommendations if they travelled actively to the University. With a high proportion of respondents using active travel modes or public transport already, increasing the physical activity levels and increasing the use of sustainable travel modes would mean a mode shift from public transport to walking and cycling for students is needed and a mode shift from driving to public transport or active travel for University staff. Strategies to achieve this are discussed. PMID:23939390

Rissel, Chris; Mulley, Corinne; Ding, Ding

2013-08-01

108

Monitoring water quality in Sydney Harbour using blue mussels during remediation of the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada.  

PubMed

Using mussels as monitoring tools we measured water quality in Sydney Harbour during a large scale, multi-year remediation project of the Sydney Tar Ponds (STPs); one of Canada's most contaminated sites. Chemical contaminants were measured in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) in Sydney Harbour, which were used as monitoring tools to assess the spatio-temporal distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs); polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); metals (As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) and lipid content during baseline and 3 years of remediation. The overall spatio-temporal distribution of chemicals in mussels was also compared to contaminants in other marine indicators (e.g., sediment, water and crab tissue). Measured metal concentrations in mussels showed some minor temporal variability (4 years), but these did not appear to be directly related to remediation activities, with the highest concentrations of As, Hg and Zn measured at reference stations. Most measured contaminants showed stable or potentially decreasing concentrations during the study, except Pb and Zn. Individual PAH compounds were mostly undetected during baseline and remediation, except for fluoranthene and pyrene. Concentrations of fluoranthene in mussels and deep water samples were moderately related. Generally, PCBs were undetected (<0.05 ?g g(-1)), except during year 2 remediation at some near-field stations. Contaminants measured during this study were at much lower concentrations than previously reported in other studies of mussels in Sydney Harbour and eastern Canada. This is likely due to the ongoing natural recovery of Sydney Harbour and to a lesser extent because of the environmental mitigation protection measures implemented during remediation activities at the STPs. The lack of detection of most individual PAHs and PCBs, plus relatively low bio-accumulation of metals observed during baseline and remediation attest to the effectiveness of using mussels as monitoring tools for environmental quality. PMID:24105125

Walker, Tony R; MacAskill, Devin

2014-03-01

109

The Sydney 2000 World Weather Research Programme Forecast Demonstration Project: Overview and Current Status.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first World Weather Research Programme (WWRP) Forecast Demonstration Project (FDP), with a focus on nowcasting, was conducted in Sydney, Australia, from 4 September to 21 November 2000 during a period associated with the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Through international collaboration, nine nowcasting systems from the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia were deployed at the Sydney Office of the Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) to demonstrate the capability of modern forecast systems and to quantify the associated benefits in the delivery of a real-time nowcast service. On-going verification and impact studies supported by international committees assisted by the WWRP formed an integral part of this project. A description is given of the project, including component systems, the weather, and initial outcomes. Initial results show that the nowcasting systems tested were transferable and able to provide valuable information enhancing BOM nowcasts. The project provided for unprecedented interchange of concepts and ideas between forecasters, researchers, and end users in an operational framework where they all faced common issues relevant to real time nowcast decision making. A training workshop sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) was also held in conjunction with the project so that other member nations could benefit from the FDP.

Keenan, T.; Joe, P.; Wilson, J.; Collier, C.; Golding, B.; Burgess, D.; May, P.; Pierce, C.; Bally, J.; Crook, A.; Seed, A.; Sills, D.; Berry, L.; Potts, R.; Bell, I.; Fox, N.; Ebert, E.; Eilts, M.;  O'Loughlin, K.;  Webb, R.;  Carbone, R.;  Browning, K.;  Roberts, R.;  Mueller, C.

2003-08-01

110

The emergence and evolution of the novel epidemic norovirus GII.4 variant Sydney 2012.  

PubMed

Norovirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis with most infections caused by GII.4 variants. To understand the evolutionary processes that contribute to the emergence of GII.4 variants, we examined the molecular epidemiology of norovirus-associated acute gastroenteritis in Australia and New Zealand from 893 outbreaks between 2009 and 2012. Throughout the study GII.4 New Orleans 2009 was predominant; however, during 2012 it was replaced by an emergent GII.4 variant, Sydney 2012. An evolutionary analysis of capsid gene sequences was performed to determine the origins and selective pressures driving the emergence of these recently circulating GII.4 variants. This revealed that both New Orleans 2009 and Sydney 2012 share a common ancestor with GII.4 Apeldoorn 2007. Furthermore, pre-epidemic ancestral variants of each virus were identified up to two years before their pandemic emergence. Adaptive changes at known blockade epitopes in the viral capsid were also identified that likely contributed to their emergence. PMID:24503072

Eden, John-Sebastian; Hewitt, Joanne; Lim, Kun Lee; Boni, Maciej F; Merif, Juan; Greening, Gail; Ratcliff, Rodney M; Holmes, Edward C; Tanaka, Mark M; Rawlinson, William D; White, Peter A

2014-02-01

111

New Directions in Theatre for Young People: A Report on the Recent Work of REM Theatre in Sydney.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines new directions in theater for young people by profiling work of the "REM" theater company in Sydney, Australia. The company's second production for children is based on the myths, legends, and performance techniques of Fijian villagers. The company's productions involve a carefully constructed process that introduces the young audience to…

Nicholls, Jennifer A.

1993-01-01

112

Beyond Mr. Bubbles: An Analysis of the Public Image of Early Childhood Care and Education in Western Sydney.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of "Mr. Bubbles," a case of a preschool operator who was accused and vindicated of sexually assaulting children, this study examined the public image of child care in western Sydney, Australia. Prime time television was reviewed for 1 week, with all channels monitored at least 5 hours per day, concentrating on prime time day and evening…

Hayden, Jacqueline

113

Numeracy and Beyond. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia Incorporated (24th, Sydney, Australia, June 30-July 4, 2001). Volume 1 [and] Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document represents volumes 1 and 2 of the proceedings of the 24th annual conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia (MERGA) held at the University of Sydney, June 30-July 4, 2001. In volume 1, papers include: (1) "Connecting Mathematics Education Research to Practice" (Judith Sowder); (2) "Understanding, Assessing,…

Bobis, Janette, Ed.; Perry, Bob, Ed.; Mitchelmore, Michael, Ed.

114

Mission impossible: William Scott and the first Sydney Observatory directorship  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Reverend William Scott (1825-1917) was the founding Director of the Sydney Observatory, and succeeded in acquiring state-of-the art astronomical instruments, establishing a network of country meteorological stations, and conducting a range of astronomical observations. He also worked to promote popular interest in astronomy, and immersed himself in the scientific culture of New South Wales. This paper examines Scott's achievements in astronomy and meteorology, the reasons for his premature resignation in 1862, and the search for his successor.

Orchiston, Wayne

1998-06-01

115

Trace metals in oysters and sediments of Botany Bay, Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trace metal concentrations (Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn) in Sydney rock oysters (Sacostera commercialis) and sediments (<53 ?m fraction) were determined for six sites in the northern regions of Botany Bay. Levels for lead, cadmium, copper and zinc in oysters ranged (in ?g g?1) from 1.38 to 15.3, 1.81 to 16.3, 56.1 to 212 and 1806 to 2902, respectively. In

W. J Hayes; I. J Anderson; M. Z Gaffoor; J Hurtado

1998-01-01

116

The UniversiTy of sydney cenTre for english Teaching  

E-print Network

Umni engagemenT our students are intimately involved in University life, from participating in social clubsThe UniversiTy of sydney cenTre for english Teaching 2014­2015 #12;#12;3 conTenTs 04 welcome To The UniversiTy of sydney 05 The UniversiTy of sydney cenTre for english Teaching 07 UniversiTy paThway co

Viglas, Anastasios

117

Relationships between dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like biphenyls (dl-PCBs) congener concentrations in aquatic organisms from Sydney Estuary, Australia and physiology, spatial, seasonality, trophodynamic and life history traits.  

PubMed

Over the past few decades, there has been considerable interest in hydrophobic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and their accumulative properties in aquatic organisms. Several factors, such as environmental concentrations (i.e. in sediment) and physiological characteristics of organisms determine species-specific accumulation patterns of POPs in marine animal tissue. The present study investigated factors that govern species-specific accumulation patterns of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in a food web from Sydney Estuary (Australia). The results indicated that physiological characteristics, i.e. lipid %, spatial, i.e. distance from Homebush Bay (point source of POPs) and life history characteristics of the organisms, such as diet and home range, influence PCDD/F and dl-PCB tissue concentrations to a varying degree. For example, PCDD/F tissue concentrations increased with the presence of detritivorous diet, species with limited home range and close proximity to Homebush Bay. On the other hand, lipid %, piscivorous diet and close proximity to Homebush Bay were the main predictors causing increases in dl-PCB tissue levels. Distance from Homebush Bay was the only predictor affecting both PCDD/F and dl-PCB tissue levels at a similar rate, i.e. decreasing tissue concentrations as the distance increases from Homebush Bay. PMID:24840280

Sezmis, Aysha Laila; Birch, Gavin; Covaci, Adrian

2014-08-15

118

Concentrations of Pathogens and Indicators in Animal Feces in the Sydney Watershed  

PubMed Central

A fecal analysis survey was undertaken to quantify animal inputs of pathogenic and indicator microorganisms in the temperate watersheds of Sydney, Australia. The feces from a range of domestic animals and wildlife were analyzed for the indicator bacteria fecal coliforms and Clostridium perfringens spores, the pathogenic protozoa Cryptosporidium and Giardia, and the enteric viruses adenovirus, enterovirus, and reovirus. Pathogen and fecal indicator concentrations were generally higher in domestic animal feces than in wildlife feces. Future studies to quantify potential pathogen risks in drinking-water watersheds should thus focus on quantifying pathogen loads from domestic animals and livestock rather than wildlife. PMID:16204506

Cox, Peter; Griffith, Merran; Angles, Mark; Deere, Daniel; Ferguson, Christobel

2005-01-01

119

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 98 8. RECOMMENDATIONS  

E-print Network

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 98 8. RECOMMENDATIONS Further/function usage of the University. #12;University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 99 9 & Associates, 1995. `Conservation Management Plan: Institute Building and Superintendent's Residence

Viglas, Anastasios

120

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 65 6. DEVELOPMENT OF POLICY -OPPORTUNITIES AND  

E-print Network

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 65 6. DEVELOPMENT OF POLICY of the campus, are significant #12;University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 66 relics in the statement of significance brings with it implications for conservation policy. The objective of conservation

Viglas, Anastasios

121

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 82 7. CONSERVATION POLICY FOR UNIVERSITY OF  

E-print Network

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 82 7. CONSERVATION POLICY are to be read solely in the context of accepted conservation management planning terminology, as established by the Facilities Management Office. #12;University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 83 7

Viglas, Anastasios

122

The role of phenoloxidase suppression in QX disease outbreaks among Sydney rock oysters  

E-print Network

The role of phenoloxidase suppression in QX disease outbreaks among Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata). QX disease affects the farming of oysters in Queensland for oyster production. This study investigated the relationship between oyster host defense systems and QX

Raftos, David

123

Short communication Phenoloxidase and QX disease resistance in Sydney rock oysters  

E-print Network

Short communication Phenoloxidase and QX disease resistance in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea October 2003 Abstract QX is a fatal disease in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) that results breeding program has selected oysters with enhanced phenoloxidase (PO) activities. The third generation

Raftos, David

124

Introduction The 1998 Sydney to Hobart yacht race was the most  

E-print Network

Introduction The 1998 Sydney to Hobart yacht race was the most disastrous event in the race's 54-year history, and indeed of any offshore race in Australian waters. Of the 115 yachts departing Sydney the abandon- ment of several yachts and the death of six people. Five boats were sunk and a further sixty

Greenslade, Diana

125

Viral RNA can reprogram the ribosomes, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Code>Copying the code>players On the beach ÃÂ Part II In this second of a two-part clip, Sydney Brenner describes the experiment they did to prove the existence and function of RNA.

2008-10-06

126

RNA transcription/translation, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Code>Copying the code>players On the beach ÃÂ Part I In this first of a two-part clip, Sydney Brenner describes the information transfer problem from DNA to the protein-making machinery.

2008-10-06

127

Former Prime Minister's son, Steve Hawke, launches novel, Barefoot Kids, at Notre Dame in Fremantle and Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

International best selling author Tim Winton and former Midnight Oil guitarist Rob Hurst officially launched Barefoot Kids, a children’s novel by Steve Hawke, son of former Australian Prime Minister, Bob Hawke, on the Fremantle and Sydney campuses of The University of Notre Dame Australia.\\u000aThough Mr Hawke has written history, biographies, plays and scripts, his first novel is aimed at

Moira Saunders

2007-01-01

128

The inaugural International Conference on Music Communication Science 5-7 December 2007, Sydney, Australia http://marcs.uws.edu.au/links/ICoMusic  

E-print Network

, Australia http://marcs.uws.edu.au/links/ICoMusic TOWARDS PHRASE STRUCTURE RECONSTRUCTION FROM EXPRESSIVE that is extracted from performances. One such aspect is phrase structure, which is typically marked by a decrease of both tempo and loudness at phrase boundaries [9]. The observation that phrase structure is reflected

Widmer, Gerhard

129

Research in Geographical Education--Volume 2. Papers Presented to the National Meeting of the Australian Geographical Research Association (2nd, Sydney, Australia, December 4-6, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains 14 papers, most of which were written by instructors of higher education in Australia and Great Britain. Following an introduction, the first five papers are "The Development of Children's Map Ability" (Simon Catling), "Published Guidance to Pupils on Atlas Mapwork Skills" (Herbert Sandford), "Tactual Mapping and the Bold…

Fien, John, Ed.; And Others

130

University of Technology, Sydney response to Measuring the Socio-economic Status of Higher Education Students  

E-print Network

1 University of Technology, Sydney response to Measuring the Socio-economic Status of Higher there is a lack of aspiration for their children. In these situations educational status and occupation (except

University of Technology, Sydney

131

UTS Code of Practice for Procurement The University of Technology Sydney (UTS)  

E-print Network

UTS Code of Practice for Procurement 1 The University of Technology Sydney (UTS) Code of Practice For Procurement #12;UTS Code of Practice for Procurement 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS PART 1 ­ OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................................................... 7 6 Dealing with Code Breaches

University of Technology, Sydney

132

Dreamtime Astronomy: development of a new Indigenous program at Sydney Observatory  

E-print Network

The Australian National Curriculum promotes Indigenous culture in school education programs. To foster a broader appreciation of cultural astronomy, to utilise the unique astronomical heritage of the site, and to develop an educational program within the framework of the National Curriculum, Sydney Observatory launched Dreamtime Astronomy, a program incorporating Australian Indigenous culture, astronomy, and Sydney's astronomical history and heritage. This paper reviews the development and implementation of this program and discusses modifications following an evaluation by schools.

Wyatt, Geoffrey; Hamacher, Duane W

2014-01-01

133

Entamoeba moshkovskii infections in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entamoeba moshkovskii is considered to be a free-living ameba, which is morphologically similar, but biochemically and genetically different, to\\u000a Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar. However, recent studies have suggested that E. moshkovskii may be a “potential” pathogen, with infections giving rise to diarrhea and other intestinal disorders. Microscopy and polymerase\\u000a chain reaction (PCR) targeting the 18S ribosomal (r) DNA was

R. Fotedar; D. Stark; D. Marriott; J. Ellis; J. Harkness

2008-01-01

134

The Impact of Climate Change on Ozone-Related Mortality in Sydney  

PubMed Central

Coupled global, regional and chemical transport models are now being used with relative-risk functions to determine the impact of climate change on human health. Studies have been carried out for global and regional scales, and in our paper we examine the impact of climate change on ozone-related mortality at the local scale across an urban metropolis (Sydney, Australia). Using three coupled models, with a grid spacing of 3 km for the chemical transport model (CTM), and a mortality relative risk function of 1.0006 per 1 ppb increase in daily maximum 1-hour ozone concentration, we evaluated the change in ozone concentrations and mortality between decades 1996–2005 and 2051–2060. The global model was run with the A2 emissions scenario. As there is currently uncertainty regarding a threshold concentration below which ozone does not impact on mortality, we calculated mortality estimates for the three daily maximum 1-hr ozone concentration thresholds of 0, 25 and 40 ppb. The mortality increase for 2051–2060 ranges from 2.3% for a 0 ppb threshold to 27.3% for a 40 ppb threshold, although the numerical increases differ little. Our modeling approach is able to identify the variation in ozone-related mortality changes at a suburban scale, estimating that climate change could lead to an additional 55 to 65 deaths across Sydney in the decade 2051–2060. Interestingly, the largest increases do not correspond spatially to the largest ozone increases or the densest population centres. The distribution pattern of changes does not seem to vary with threshold value, while the magnitude only varies slightly. PMID:24419047

Physick, William; Cope, Martin; Lee, Sunhee

2014-01-01

135

Taking Charge: Walter Sydney Adams and the Mount Wilson Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The growing preeminence of American observational astronomy in the first half of the 20th century is a well-known story and much credit is given to George Ellery Hale and his skill as an observatory-building entrepreneur. But a key figure who has yet to be discussed in great detail is Walter Sydney Adams (1876-1956), Hale's Assistant Director at Mount Wilson Observatory. Due to Hale's illnesses, Adams was Acting Director for much of Hale's tenure, and he became the second Director of Mount Wilson from 1923 to 1946. Behind his New England reserve Adams was instrumental in the growth of Mount Wilson and thus American astronomy in general. Adams was hand-picked by Hale to take charge of stellar spectroscopy work at Yerkes and Mount Wilson and the younger astronomer showed tremendous loyalty to Hale and Hale's vision throughout his career. As Adams assumed the leadership role at Mount Wilson he concentrated on making the observatory a place where researchers worked with great freedom but maintain a high level of cooperation. This paper will concentrate on Adams's early years and look at his growing relationship with Hale and how he came to be the central figure in the early history of Mount Wilson as both a solar and stellar observatory. His education, his years at Dartmouth and Yerkes (including his unfortunate encounter with epsilon Leonis), and his formative years on Mount Wilson are all important in learning how he shaped the direction of Mount Wilson and the development of American astronomy in the first half of the 20th century. This latter history cannot be complete until we bring Adams into better focus.

Brashear, R.

2004-12-01

136

Breeding for QX disease resistance negatively selects one form of the defensive enzyme, phenoloxidase, in Sydney rock oysters  

E-print Network

, phenoloxidase, in Sydney rock oysters Britt Bezemer a , Daniel Butt a , John Nell b , Robert Adlard c , David 2005 Abstract QX disease in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) is caused by the paramyxean specifically affected the defensive phenoloxidase enzyme system of oysters. The current study more thor- oughly

Raftos, David

137

SAMI: Sydney-AAO Multi-object Integral field spectrograph pipeline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The SAMI (Sydney-AAO Multi-object Integral field spectrograph) pipeline reduces data from the Sydney-AAO Multi-object Integral field spectrograph (SAMI) for the SAMI Galaxy Survey. The python code organizes SAMI data and, along with the AAO 2dfdr package, carries out all steps in the data reduction, from raw data to fully calibrated datacubes. The principal steps are: data management, use of 2dfdr to produce row-stacked spectra, flux calibration, correction for telluric absorption, removal of atmospheric dispersion, alignment of dithered exposures, and drizzling onto a regular output grid. Variance and covariance information is tracked throughout the pipeline. Some quality control routines are also included.

Allen, J. T.; Green, A. W.; Fogarty, L. M. R.; Sharp, R.; Nielsen, J.; Konstantopoulos, I.; Taylor, E. N.; Scott, N.; Cortese, L.; Richards, S. N.; Croom, S.; Owers, M. S.; Bauer, A. E.; Sweet, S. M.; Bryant, J. J.

2014-07-01

138

Urban property values and contaminated sites: A hedonic analysis of Sydney, Nova Scotia.  

PubMed

This study examines the impact of contaminated sites on urban property values in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. The property value effects are examined using an inverse distance specification from the property to the site. A hedonic method employing ordinary least-square technique was used for model estimation. The results show that the presence of contaminated sites has had significant negative effect on the value of residential property. This negative effect, however, is largely localized to within few hundred metres of the sites. The total property value loss in urban Sydney from the contaminated sites is estimated to be $CDN 36 million. PMID:17669581

Neupane, Anish; Gustavson, Kent

2008-09-01

139

Typed Self-Interpretation by Pattern Matching University of Technology, Sydney  

E-print Network

Typed Self-Interpretation by Pattern Matching Barry Jay University of Technology, Sydney Barry.Jay@uts.edu.au Jens Palsberg University of California, Los Angeles palsberg@ucla.edu Abstract Self-interpreters can be roughly divided into two sorts: self-recog- nisers that recover the input program from a canonical

Palsberg, Jens

140

DAWSONITE AND ANALCITE IN THE SINGLETON COAL MEASURES OF THE SYDNEY BASIN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dawsonite, associated with minor amounts of analcite and nordstrandite, is relatively abundant in the Singleton Coal Measures of the Sydney Basin. It occurs as a replacement of. feldspars and quartz, as an interstitial cement in sandstones and conglomerates, and as cleat, joint, and fissure inflllings in coal and various clastic sediments. The origin of the mineral is discussed and, al-

F. C. LoUcHNAN; R. Gor

141

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 40 4. ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 40 4. ANALYSIS The following approaches with neighbouring land managers where this appears necessary to ensure the conservation of shared the university came into being, with the alignments of Parramatta and City (Newtown) Roads. The subsequent

Viglas, Anastasios

142

University of Technology, Sydney 1 The Higher Education Base Funding Review  

E-print Network

University of Technology, Sydney 1 The Higher Education Base Funding Review UTS Submission recommendations. The increased funding already being delivered and the Government's commitment to an appropriate medium to longer term aspirations for higher education funding even if they will need to be implemented

University of Technology, Sydney

143

Organochlorine compound and trace metal contaminants in fish near Sydney's ocean outfalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sydney's inshore sewage outfalls were significant contributors to organochlorine contamination of inshore sedentary fish such as red morwong. Diversion of the sewage to deepwater outfalls has resulted in marked declines in the concentrations of these compounds in inshore red morwong. Apart from lead, however, similar trends did not occur for concentrations of trace metals. A wide variety of trace metals

Martin Krogh; Peter Scanes

1996-01-01

144

A Structuration Theory Analysis of the Refugee Action Support Program in Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses Gidden's structuration theory to analyse the Refugee Action Support program in Greater Western Sydney. The study shows that many refugee students in Australian high schools experience difficulty with academic transition in mainstream classrooms due to their previous experiences in war-torn countries. As a result of the trauma…

Naidoo, Loshini

2009-01-01

145

Local melange in a global world: From transferred Southern European lifestyles to transnational Sydney streets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The dynamics of urban diversity is analysed in three distinctive commercial streets in two neighbouring inner-Sydney local government areas. The social landscape of these streets is defined by a dynamic migration process over the last sixty years and later cultural changes. Different images tell about past developments, settlement difficulties, reactions, aspirations and achievements. These visible symbols of diversity are

Walter F. Lalich

146

Parking demand and responsiveness to supply, pricing and location in the Sydney central business district  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the role of parking pricing and supply by time of day in whether to drive and park in the central business district (CBD). A stated preference survey of car drivers and public transport users was undertaken at a number of parking locations, public transit interchanges, and shopping centres in Sydney CBD during 1998. In the context of

David A. Hensher; Jenny King

2001-01-01

147

The Impact of Supply and Demand Management Approaches on the Security of Sydney's Water Supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of supply and demand management approaches on the security of Sydney's water supply was evaluated using the non-parametric regional demand model (Coombes et al., 2002) and the WATHNET network linear headworks model (Kuczera, 1992). The use of different pump marks for extractions from the Shoalhaven River, various frequencies of water restrictions, rainwater tanks and demand management measures has

Peter J. Coombes; Linda Holz; George Kuczera

148

Gang Rape in Sydney: Crime, the Media, Politics, Race and Sentencing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001 and 2002, print, radio and television gave extensive coverage to a series of gang rapes in Bankstown and other suburbs of south-west Sydney. The coverage attacked the laxity and inefficiency of the criminal justice system and immigration policy. It fuelled public fears about increases in crime in particular areas and fear of “ethnic gangs” and racially-motivated crime. The

Kate Warner

2004-01-01

149

The Sydney Medically Supervised Injecting Centre: reducing harm associated with heroin overdose  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sydney Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC) commenced operation on a trial basis in May 2001. Operating within a clinical model, the Centre's primary objective is to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with drug overdose. Staff include nurses authorized to administer naloxone to reverse the central nervous system depressant effects of heroin, according to clinical protocols developed and modified

Ingrid van Beek; Jo Kimber; Andy Dakin; Stuart Gilmour

2004-01-01

150

Parental Choice of Infant Feeding Behaviours in South West Sydney: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to test a research instrument that could possibly be used for longitudinal research on infant feeding and to report on the preliminary results from the data collected. Design: Mixed methods approach--cross-sectional survey and qualitative research. Setting: Mother-infant dyads in South West Sydney,…

Arora, A.; Gay, M.; Thirukumar, D.

2012-01-01

151

CBD and South East Light Rail Light rail expansion to transform Sydney  

E-print Network

CBD and South East Light Rail Light rail expansion to transform Sydney Construction will soon be underway on the $1.6 billion CBD and South East Light Rail that will transform the future of transport been granted for the NSW Government to build light rail from Circular Quay, through the CBD

Blennerhassett, Peter

152

The popular image of Japanese femininity inside the anime and manga culture of Japan and Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manga (Japanese comic books), Anime (Japanese animation) and Superflat (the contemporary art by movement created Takashi Murakami) all share a common ancestry in the woodblock prints of the Edo period, which were once mass-produced as a form of entertainment. This thesis, The Popular Image of Japanese Femininity Inside the Anime and Manga Culture of Japan and Sydney, will examine female

Jennifer M Stockins

2009-01-01

153

Sudden temperature changes in the Sydney Basin: climatology and case studies during the Olympic months of September and October  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The accurate prediction of sudden large changes in the maximum temperature from one day to the next remains one of the major challenges for operational forecasters. It is probably the meteorological parameter most commonly verified and used as a measure of the skill of a meteorological service and one that is immediately evident to the general public. Marked temperature changes over a short period of time have widespread social, economic, health and safety effects on the community. The first part of this paper describes a 40-year climatology for Sydney, Australia, of sudden temperature rises and falls, defined as maximum temperature changes of 5°C or more from one day to the next, for the months of September and October. The nature of the forecasting challenge during the period of the Olympic and Paralympic Games to be held in Sydney in the year 2000 will be described as a special application. The international importance of the accurate prediction of all types of significant weather phenomena during this period has been recognized by the World Meteorological Organisation's Commission for Atmospheric Science. The first World Weather Research Program forecast demonstration project is to be established in the Sydney Office of the Bureau of Meteorology over this period in order to test the ability of existing systems to predict such phenomena. The second part of this study investigates two case studies from the Olympic months in which there were both abrupt temperature rises and falls over a 4-day interval. Currently available high resolution numerical weather prediction systems are found to have significant skill several days ahead in predicting a large amount of the detail of these events, provided they are run at an appropriate resolution. The limitations of these systems are also discussed, with areas requiring further development being identified if the desired levels of accuracy of predictions are to be reliably delivered. Differences between the predictability of sudden temperature rises and sudden temperature falls are also explored.

Buckley, Bruce W.; Leslie, Lance M.

2000-03-01

154

Fire effects on reservoir water quality: lessons from the 2013 Sydney wildfires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unseasonally, early and severe forest fires burnt ca 10,000 ha of dry sclerophyl eucalypt forest in Oct. 2013 near Sydney (NSW, Australia). The fire affected parts of the Nepean catchment, which contributes to the greater Sydney water supply system. The spatial extent and severe nature of the burn raised concerns about the risk of water contamination from post-fire erosion. An investigation was launched with the aim to determine (i) the total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil that are particular susceptible to erosion, (ii) their chemical composition regarding constituents relevant to water quality, and (iii) the potential impacts of post-fire erosion events transferring some of this material into the reservoir. Sampling was carried out at a ridge in the Nepean catchment with a relatively homogeneous vegetation species composition, fuel load and soil characteristics, but with a range of burn severities, resulting from wind-driven differences in fire behaviour. This allowed sampling of three replicate sites each, with 30 sampling points each, for extreme, moderate-severe, and low burn severities, including also soil and litter sampling at a long-unburned control site. Burn severity was determined using the differenced normalised burn ratio (dNBR) obtained from satellite images immediately before (1 day) and after (1 week) the fire, validated by on site determination of fuel consumption completeness. Between the fire and the sampling campaign, rainfall was very limited so that there had been no significant redistribution of ash and loose charred topsoil by water erosion. The ash and loose charred topsoil were consistently wettable and the underlying uncharred soil highly water repellent at all sites and sampling points irrespective of burn severity. The total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil increased substantially with burn severity and changed in composition from comprising mainly charred litter and charcoal at low severity sites to charred litter, charcoal, mineral ash and charred mineral soil at extreme severity sites. Field sampling had just been completed at the time of producing this abstract. At the time of presentation, we expect to present (i) the total loads (t/ha) of ash and loose charred topsoil for each burn severity class; (ii) data on detailed chemical characterisation of the sampled materials including background values for litter and long-unburned soil; (iii) a spatially distributed estimation of ash and loose charred topsoil for the study catchment; and (iv) potential implications for water quality impacts based on a series of post-fire rainfall and erosion scenarios. Wider implications for water quality impacts in eucalypt forest catchments in relation to fuel loads and fire behaviour will also be discussed.

Doerr, Stefan; Santin, Cristina; Chafer, Chris

2014-05-01

155

The Educational Experience of Sydney High School Students. Report No. 1: A Comparative Study of Migrant Students of Non-English-Speaking Origin and Students Whose Parents Were Born in an English-Speaking Country.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of the preliminary findings of a large-scale longitudinal (1974-77) survey of the educational needs and social problems of immigrant students in Sydney, Australia, is presented in this report. Four findings are treated as most significant: (1) Differences among immigrants of different non-English-speaking background are so great that…

Martin, Jean I.; Meade, Phil

156

Sex in two cities--gay men, risk and HIV in Perth and Sydney.  

PubMed

After massive and sustained reductions in HIV risk behaviour amongst Australian gay men in the 1980's and early 1990's, since 1996 there have been signs of small but significant increases in unprotected analintercourse. Gay communities are responding to a post crisis context. However, is this response constant across different locations? This paper investigates changes in sexual negotiation and behaviour amongst gay men in the relatively small Australian city of Perth between 1998 and 2002 and compares these results to similar studies in Sydney, an Australian HIV epicentre city. A number of important similarities and differences between the Perth and Sydney samples are identified, particularly in casual contexts and disclosure of HIV status, identifying that isolated or smaller cities may experience similar phenomena to larger cities, but these may be due to different reasons. The findings point to the need for complementary qualitative research and cautions health promotion practitioners to test their assumptions when developing responses to prevent HIV transmission. PMID:18839861

Brown, G; Maycock, B; Prestage, G; Ven, P V D

2004-01-01

157

Lost between Cultures or Resisting Racism?: Second generation Lebanese immigrant young men in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is widespread popular belief, both among Sydney's Lebanese-Australian communities and Anglo-Australians, that second-generation immigrant youth of Lebanese background are 'caught between two cultures'. This is often held to cause a range of social problems involving these young people: from education to youth culture and the criminal justice system. A range of redemptive measures are prescribed by well-meaning and right-thinking

Scott Poynting; Paul Tabar; Greg Noble

158

Effects and Clinical Significance of GII.4 Sydney Norovirus, United States, 2012-2013  

PubMed Central

During 2012, global detection of a new norovirus (NoV) strain, GII.4 Sydney, raised concerns about its potential effect in the United States. We analyzed data from NoV outbreaks in 5 states and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in 1 state during the 2012–13 season and compared the data with those of previous seasons. During August 2012–April 2013, a total of 637 NoV outbreaks were reported compared with 536 and 432 in 2011–2012 and 2010–2011 during the same period. The proportion of outbreaks attributed to GII.4 Sydney increased from 8% in September 2012 to 82% in March 2013. The increase in emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness during the 2012–13 season was similar to that of previous seasons. GII.4 Sydney has become the predominant US NoV outbreak strain during the 2012–13 season, but its emergence did not cause outbreak activity to substantially increase from that of previous seasons. PMID:23886013

Wikswo, Mary; Barclay, Leslie; Brandt, Eric; Storm, William; Salehi, Ellen; DeSalvo, Traci; Davis, Tim; Saupe, Amy; Dobbins, Ginette; Booth, Hillary A.; Biggs, Christianne; Garman, Katie; Woron, Amy M.; Parashar, Umesh D.; Vinje, Jan; Hall, Aron J.

2013-01-01

159

Post-wildfire recovery of water yield in the Sydney Basin water supply catchments: An assessment of the 2001/2002 wildfires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wildfire is a recurring event which has been acknowledged by the literature to impact the hydrological cycle of a catchment. Hence, wildfire may have a significant impact on water yield levels within a catchment. In Australia, studies of the effect of fire on water yield have been limited to obligate seeder vegetation communities. These communities regenerate from seed banks in the ground or within woody fruits and are generally activated by fire. In contrast, the Sydney Basin is dominated by obligate resprouter communities. These communities regenerate from fire resistant buds found on the plant and are generally found in regions where wildfire is a regular occurrence. The 2001/2002 wildfires in the Sydney Basin provided an opportunity to investigate the impacts of wildfire on water yield in a number of catchments dominated by obligate resprouting communities. The overall aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a difference in water yield post-wildfire. Four burnt subcatchments and 3 control subcatchments were assessed. A general additive model was calibrated using pre-wildfire data and then used to predict post-wildfire water yield using post-wildfire data. The model errors were analysed and it was found that the errors for all subcatchments showed similar trends for the post-wildfire period. This finding demonstrates that wildfires within the Sydney Basin have no significant medium-term impact on water yield.

Heath, J. T.; Chafer, C. J.; van Ogtrop, F. F.; Bishop, T. F. A.

2014-11-01

160

Exposure to ultrafine particles and PM 2.5 in four Sydney transport modes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concentrations of ultrafine (<0.1 ?m) particles (UFPs) and PM 2.5 (<2.5 ?m) were measured whilst commuting along a similar route by train, bus, ferry and automobile in Sydney, Australia. One trip on each transport mode was undertaken during both morning and evening peak hours throughout a working week, for a total of 40 trips. Analyses comprised one-way ANOVA to compare overall (i.e. all trips combined) geometric mean concentrations of both particle fractions measured across transport modes, and assessment of both the correlation between wind speed and individual trip means of UFPs and PM 2.5, and the correlation between the two particle fractions. Overall geometric mean concentrations of UFPs and PM 2.5 ranged from 2.8 (train) to 8.4 (bus) × 10 4 particles cm -3 and 22.6 (automobile) to 29.6 (bus) ?g m -3, respectively, and a statistically significant difference ( p < 0.001) between modes was found for both particle fractions. Individual trip geometric mean concentrations were between 9.7 × 10 3 (train) and 2.2 × 10 5 (bus) particles cm -3 and 9.5 (train) to 78.7 (train) ?g m -3. Estimated commuter exposures were variable, and the highest return trip mean PM 2.5 exposure occurred in the ferry mode, whilst the highest UFP exposure occurred during bus trips. The correlation between fractions was generally poor, and in keeping with the duality of particle mass and number emissions in vehicle-dominated urban areas. Wind speed was negatively correlated with, and a generally poor determinant of, UFP and PM 2.5 concentrations, suggesting a more significant role for other factors in determining commuter exposure.

Knibbs, Luke D.; de Dear, Richard J.

2010-08-01

161

Longitudinal study of winter mortality disease in Sydney rock oysters Saccostrea glomerata.  

PubMed

Winter mortality (WM) is a poorly studied disease affecting Sydney rock oysters Saccostrea glomerata in estuaries in New South Wales, Australia, where it can cause significant losses. WM is more severe in oysters cultured deeper in the water column and appears linked to higher salinities. Current dogma is that WM is caused by the microcell parasite Bonamia roughleyi, but evidence linking clinical signs and histopathology to molecular data identifying bonamiasis is lacking. We conducted a longitudinal study between February and November 2010 in 2 estuaries where WM has occurred (Georges and Shoalhaven Rivers). Results from molecular testing of experimental oysters for Bonamia spp. were compared to clinical disease signs and histopathology. Available environmental data from the study sites were also collated and compared. Oyster condition declined over the study period, coinciding with decreasing water temperatures, and was inversely correlated with the presence of histological lesions. While mortalities occurred in both estuaries, only oysters from the Georges River study site showed gross clinical signs and histological changes characteristic of WM (lesions were prevalent and intralesional microcell-like structures were sometimes noted). PCR testing for Bonamia spp. revealed the presence of an organism belonging to the B. exitiosa-B. roughleyi clade in some samples; however, the very low prevalence of this organism relative to histological changes and the lack of reactivity of affected oysters in subsequent in situ hybridisation experiments led us to conclude that this Bonamia sp. is not responsible for WM. Another aetiological agent and a confluence of environmental factors are a more likely explanation for the disease. PMID:25060507

Spiers, Zoe B; Gabor, Melinda; Fell, Shayne A; Carnegie, Ryan B; Dove, Michael; O'Connor, Wayne; Frances, Jane; Go, Jeffrey; Marsh, Ian B; Jenkins, Cheryl

2014-07-24

162

SUNY Programs: Australia and  

E-print Network

SUNY Programs: Australia and New Zealand Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use this Booklet 1 Choosing a Program in Australia and New Zealand 2 Exchange vs. Study Abroad 3 Programs Outside Sydney and Melbourne 4 Programs in Melbourne 10 Programs in Sydney 12 Programs

Suzuki, Masatsugu

163

Natural rates of sediment containment of PAH, PCB and metal inventories in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia.  

PubMed

Analyses of metal and organic contaminants were carried out on 41 sediment cores, dated using (210)Pb and (137)Cs, from the heavily industrialized region of Sydney Harbour, N.S. to evaluate the history of contamination and to predict the rates of natural containment of the harbour by sediment burial. Geochronologies for metals (eg. Pb, As) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are correlated with the development of the steel and coke industries in the Sydney region while polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) geochronologies reflect the disposal of electrical equipment used in the steel mill/coking operations. Pb was derived mainly from atmospheric emissions and its concentration has declined exponentially with time in harbour sediments since the closure of the steel mill/coke ovens in the 1980s with a time constant of about 15 years. This represents the time scale for the circulation of this particle-associated contaminant in transient catchment basins prior to permanent deposition in the sediments. PAH and PCB sediment concentrations have also declined exponentially with time since the 1980s, but with a smaller time constant of 10 years owing to the fact that they enter the harbour directly with steel mill and coke oven effluent rather than through atmospheric pathways. Since the time dependence for the burial of metal and organic inventories can be modeled by first order processes, future contaminant levels can be predicted for surface sediments in Sydney Harbour. Mean sediment concentrations of metal and organic contaminants in the upper 5 cm throughout most of the harbour are predicted to decline to levels below the effects range-medium (above which organisms are very likely to be negatively affected by the presence of a contaminant) by 2030. PMID:19523665

Smith, J N; Lee, K; Gobeil, C; Macdonald, R W

2009-08-15

164

The Darlington Centre and Forum Restaurant 174 City Road, Darlington NSW 2008 Ph: 9351 4664 Email: forum.restaurant@sydney.edu.au Bon Appetite!  

E-print Network

: forum.restaurant@sydney.edu.au Bon Appetite! FORUM RESTAURANT AUTUMN MENU ...a time to nourish the body.restaurant@sydney.edu.au V vegetarian DF dairy free GF gluten free TASTING PLATE Enjoy a selection from our Autumn Menu: 16 Dutch carrots Steamed seasonal greens tossed in olive oil Rocket, shaved pear and blue cheese salad

Viglas, Anastasios

165

Improving the public house in Britain, 1920-40: Sir Sydney Nevile and "social work".  

PubMed

The "improved public house" movement in the inter-war years was a central part of the shift towards retailing by the brewing industry. An important part of the reform movement was the alliance between certain brewers, notably Whitbread, and "social workers", particularly those associated with the University Settlement movement in London. Using the papers of Sydney Nevile, the importance of a particular social milieu is outlined, calling into question attempts to align the movement to improve public houses with transatlantic Progressivism. Rather, this alliance drew upon longstanding English traditions of public service and religious affiliation amongst a fraction of the gentry. PMID:20658777

Mutch, Alistair

2010-01-01

166

15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia  

E-print Network

or from physical arguments based on the attached eddy hypothesis of Townsend (1976). Some recent, for example, in Perry et al.(1986). These arguments are consistent with the attached eddy hypothesis of Townsend (1976). Essentially, the idea is that there is a range in wavenumber space in which the effects

Marusic, Ivan

167

15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia  

E-print Network

of river flow and sediment transport [17], distillation of petroleum products [13] and, of particular of liquids of different densities (e.g. oil from seawater) or solids and liquids (e.g. in the case of wastewaters) [14]. Spiral particle separators are used in the coal and mineral pro- cessing industries

Stokes, Yvonne

168

Proc. International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), vol. I, pp 639 642, Sydney (Australia), May 2001 A 1-V, 10-bit Rail-to-Rail Successive Approximation Analog-to-Digital Converter  

E-print Network

(Australia), May 2001 A 1-V, 10-bit Rail-to-Rail Successive Approximation Analog-to-Digital Converter based on a novel implementation of the bootstrapped low-voltage analog CMOS switch with a novel rail-to-rail track- and-latch comparator circuit is described. A pMOS-only ladder containing a rail-to-rail current

Fayomi, Christian

169

Proc. International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), vol. I, pp 460 463, Sydney (Australia), May 2001 A Design Strategy for a 1-V Rail-to-Rail Input / Output CMOS Opamp  

E-print Network

(Australia), May 2001 A Design Strategy for a 1-V Rail-to-Rail Input / Output CMOS Opamp Christian Jesus B, roberts}@macs.ece.mcgill.ca | sawan@vlsi.polymtl.ca ABSTRACT A design strategy for a rail-to-rail input consequence of the lowered power supply is the need for rail-to-rail input stages in order to compensate

Fayomi, Christian

170

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A1 APPENDIX B: RELEVANT LEGISLATION FOR THE  

E-print Network

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A1 APPENDIX B: RELEVANT Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A2 Thus, under the Act, `relics' are confined to the physical evidence) is an international non-governmental organisation of professionals dedicated to the conservation of the world

Viglas, Anastasios

171

The impact of a pathway college on reputation and brand awareness for its affiliated university in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect that a prospective pathway college affiliated to a large comprehensive university in Sydney may have on the university's reputation. In particular, the association of reputation with preference for a pathway college, brand awareness and the opinion of college brand are examined. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An online survey was conducted

Ann Brewer; Jingsong Zhao

2010-01-01

172

The Impact of a Pathway College on Reputation and Brand Awareness for Its Affiliated University in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect that a prospective pathway college affiliated to a large comprehensive university in Sydney may have on the university's reputation. In particular, the association of reputation with preference for a pathway college, brand awareness and the opinion of college brand are examined.…

Brewer, Ann; Zhao, Jingsong

2010-01-01

173

The prediction of net harmonic currents produced by large numbers of residential PV inverters: Sydney Olympic Village case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new method for predicting the net harmonic currents produced by a large number of residential PV inverters. The simple experimental based models of a PV inverter, which have been installed at the Sydney Olympic Village, are described. The effect of background harmonic voltages, input current from PV arrays and also randomness in individual inverter's harmonic performances

E. Vasanasong; E. D. Spooner

2000-01-01

174

Comparison of air pollution exposure for five commuting modes in Sydney - car, train, bus, bicycle and walking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issue addressed: International studies have consistently found that exposure to air pollutants is higher inside cars than outside. However, few studies have compared personal exposure to air pollutants by travel mode focusing on usual travel patterns. Objectives: To compare the exposure to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) and nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) for commuters in central Sydney for

Michael Chertok; Alexander Voukelatos; Vicky Sheppeard; Chris Rissel

175

Dynamic Control of Autonomous Quadrotor Flight in an Estimated Nitin Sydney, Brendan Smyth, and Derek A. Paley  

E-print Network

Dynamic Control of Autonomous Quadrotor Flight in an Estimated Wind Field Nitin Sydney, Brendan Smyth, and Derek A. Paley Abstract-- We present a nonlinear, dynamic controller for a 6DOF quadrotor operating in an estimated, spatially varying, turbulent wind field. The quadrotor dynamics include

Shapiro, Benjamin

176

A NOTE ON THE COMPARATIVE COST OF LIVING IN SYDNEY AND COUNTRY TOWNS IN NEW SOUTH WALES  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison between the cost of living of average wage earners in Sydney and nineteen country towns in New South Wales was carried out in 1974, assuming that expenditure on items of goods and services was distributed in the same proportion as in the Consumer Price Index in both country towns and the city. Housing, which was cheaper in the

Bruce Robinson Davidson; M. F. Tierman

1975-01-01

177

Supporting African Refugees in Greater Western Sydney: A Critical Ethnography of After-School Homework Tutoring Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the Refugee Action Support Partnership Project between the University of Western Sydney, The Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation and the NSW-Department of Education and Training (DET). The critical ethnographic method is used to evaluate the after-school homework tutoring centres as a vehicle of literacy development…

Naidoo, Loshini

2008-01-01

178

Developing Social Inclusion through After-School Homework Tutoring: A Study of African Refugee Students in Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools represent the primary setting where refugee children learn about Australian life and culture. They serve as a broad context for acculturation not only for academic development and language acquisition but for cultural learning too. This paper focuses on the after-school homework tutoring programme that uses University of Western Sydney

Naidoo, Loshini

2009-01-01

179

Urban design in central Sydney 1945–2002: Laissez-Faire and discretionary traditions in the accidental city  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the laissez faire and discretionary traditions adopted for development control in Central Sydney over the last half century. It focuses upon the design dimension of control, and the transition from a largely design agnostic system up until 1988, to the serious pursuit of design excellence by 2000. Six eras of design\\/development control are identified, consistent with particular

John Punter

2005-01-01

180

Shakespeare in Settler-built Spaces: Oscar Asche's ‘Recitals’ of Julius Caesar in the Melbourne and Sydney Town Halls  

Microsoft Academic Search

During their first Australasian tour in 1909–1910, Oscar Asche and Lily Brayton produced costumed ‘recitals’ of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar in the town halls of Sydney and Melbourne. While the landscape has been privileged as the major site of the Australian settler imaginary and its labours of familiarisation, settler investments in their built urban spaces have been less studied. The social

Veronica Kelly

2009-01-01

181

ELITE ATHLETE & PERFORMERS SCHEME 2014 The University of Sydney Elite Athletes & Performers Scheme is for prospective undergraduate students who can  

E-print Network

/Performing Art you participate in at an elite level: Sport/Performing Art: Position is for prospective undergraduate students who can demonstrate training, competition or performance commitments have and Sydney Uni Sport & Fitness (SUSF) to assess your eligibility for the Elite Athletes and Performers Scheme

Viglas, Anastasios

182

How Has a Literacy Focus Changed Pedagogy across the Curriculum in Sydney Catholic Secondary Schools, 1995-2000?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to about 1995, few secondary schools teachers outside the English KLA (Key Learning Areas) in Sydney's Catholic schools consciously focused on the development of literacy in their teaching approaches. By the mid-1990s however, a number of educational perspectives (e.g. genre approaches, teaching/learning cycles integrating content with…

McMullen, T. J.

183

Quality Management of First Year Teaching - An Initiative in the School of Engineering, University of Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Confronted with high rates of loss of students (attrition) in first year engineering at the University of Western Sydney (40%+) the Head of School, Head of Program, College Associate Dean Academic, Associate Head of the School Engineering and a Teaching Fellow (the authors) undertook a study of the trends and strategies for improving the retention rate. High attrition rates have

S. Riley; A. McPhail; G. Bishop; B. Campbell; S. Shrestha

184

Low level exposures to lead and neurobehavioral development: the Sydney lead study  

SciTech Connect

The Sydney lead study is a prospective five year study investigating the relationship between low level lead exposures and neurobehavioral development during the first five years of life. From an initial cohort of 318 children, 207 remained at the end of the fourth year. Average blood lead levels at 42 and 48 months were 10.6 ug/dL and 10.1 ug/dL respectively, with only a minority of the observations exceeding 15 ug/dL. The series of regression analyses reported in this paper support earlier findings from the study, that exposures to lead which give rise to the range of blood lead levels found in this cohort of children are not associated with cognitive or motor deficits in the preschool years.

Cooney, G.H.; Bell, A.; McBride, W.; Carter, C.

1988-01-01

185

The Sydney University Stellar Interferometer: A Major Upgrade to Spectral Coverage and Performance  

E-print Network

A new beam-combination and detection system has been installed in the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer working at the red end of the visual spectrum (wavelength range 500-950 nm) to complement the existing blue-sensitive system (wavelength range 430-520 nm) and to provide an increase in sensitivity. Dichroic beam-splitters have been introduced to allow simultaneous observations with both spectral system, albeit with some restriction on the spectral range of the longer wavelength system (wavelength range 550-760 nm). The blue system has been upgraded to allow remote selection of wavelength and spectral bandpass, and to enable simultaneous operation with the red system with the latter providing fringe-envelope tracking. The new system and upgrades are described and examples of commissioning tests presented. As an illustration of the improvement in performance the measurement of the angular diameter of the southern F supergiant delta CMa is described and compared with previous determinations.

J. Davis; M. J. Ireland; J. Chow; A. P. Jacob; R. E. Lucas; J. R. North; J. W. O'Byrne; S. M. Owens; J. G. Robertson; E. . Seneta; W. J. Tango; P. G. Tuthill

2007-09-25

186

Infectious microbial diseases and host defense responses in Sydney rock oysters  

PubMed Central

Aquaculture has long been seen as a sustainable solution to some of the world's growing food shortages. However, experience over the past 50 years indicates that infectious diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotes limit the productivity of aquaculture. In extreme cases, these types of infectious agents threaten the viability of entire aquaculture industries. This article describes the threats from infectious diseases in aquaculture and then focuses on one example (QX disease in Sydney rock oysters) as a case study. QX appears to be typical of many emerging diseases in aquaculture, particularly because environmental factors seem to play a crucial role in disease outbreaks. Evidence is presented that modulation of a generic subcellular stress response pathway in oysters is responsible for both resistance and susceptibility to infectious microbes. Understanding and being able to manipulate this pathway may be the key to sustainable aquaculture. PMID:24795701

Raftos, David A.; Kuchel, Rhiannon; Aladaileh, Saleem; Butt, Daniel

2014-01-01

187

Estimating the risk from sewage treatment plant effluent in the Sydney catchment area.  

PubMed

This study employed Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) to estimate the gastrointestinal risks associated with Cryptosporidium and Giardia discharged from three STPs located within the Lake Burragorang catchment. The QMRA considered baseline and various hazardous event scenarios (e.g. plant failure and heavy rainfall). Under baseline conditions, the combined effect of constructed barriers, catchment barriers and dilution reduced pathogen numbers from the discharge of all three STPs by 10 to 14 orders of magnitude. This was sufficient for the risk to be well below currently mooted benchmarks of 'tolerable risk', even when relatively conservative assumptions were applied. For all hazardous event scenarios, the level of risk remained low, which illustrated the benefit of multiple barriers. Provisionally it appears that the STPs currently discharging into the waterways of the catchment do not pose an unacceptable or unmanageable risk to Sydney's drinking water consumers. PMID:21866772

van den Akker, B; Whiffin, V; Cox, P; Beatson, P; Ashbolt, N J; Roser, D J

2011-01-01

188

Eight-channel video broadcast feed service using free-space optical wireless technology at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

12 Terrestrial 1550 nm WDM free-space optical communication systems have been demonstrated to provide a viable means to transport data, voice and video channels for point-to-point applications without the use of optical fiber. Key features of free-space optical transmission systems are their ability to utilize present day telecommunication components such as: laser diode transmitters, high-power optical amplifiers operating within the 1550 nm optical transmission window and high-sensitivity optical receivers designed for multi-Giga- bit data rates. In this paper, we report on details of the world's first field test, demonstrating real time video transmission of eight uncompressed standard-definition (SD) video channels operating at an aggregate data rate of 1.485 Gb/s over a 0.89 km terrestrial free-space link. This data link was used in support of the 2000 Olympic games held recently in Sydney, Australia. Results from this eight- channel SD terrestrial free-space laser communications systems are presented. The transmission system operated error-free continuously from September 14, 2000 until October 1, 2000, twenty-four hours a day, throughout the coverage of the games. Modeling results predict that free- space SD video transmission systems can be designed and operated over significant link distances under nominal visibility conditions.

Szajowski, Paul F.; Rigas, A. J.; Robinson, J. W.; Nykolak, Gerald; Paulson, Bruce D.; Tourgee, G. E.; Auborn, James J.

2001-02-01

189

Child restraint use in low socio-economic areas of urban Sydney during transition to new legislation.  

PubMed

Child restraints protect a young child against injury in crashes but best practice child restraint use is low in Australia, particularly among lower socio-economic groups. We investigated factors associated with restraint use to inform the development of education and distribution programmes to support new Australian legislation on child passengers among families in low socio-economic areas of metropolitan Sydney. We interviewed a parent or carer of 1160 children aged 2-5 years enrolled at one of 28 early childhood centres in low socio-economic areas of urban Sydney. Appropriate child restraint use was defined as a forward facing child restraint (FFCR) for 2-3 year olds and a FFCR or booster seat for children aged 4 years or more. Predictors of self-reported appropriate use were explored using logistic regression. Analysis was conducted on one child from each family in the target age range (2-5 years): 586 (51%) were male and the mean age was 3.5 (Standard Deviation 0.8) years. There were 432 (45%) families with annual income below $60,000, 248 (22%) spoke a language other than English at home and 360 (33%) had 3 or more children. Fifty-four percent of carers indicated that their 2-3 year old children travelled in a FFCR. Inappropriate use among children in this age group was more likely when the carer was <36 years (odds ratio (OR) 1.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-2.45), in families with ?3 children (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.10-2.44) and when the carer believed that a booster seat was just as safe as a FFCR (OR 2.98, 2.05-4.32). Eight-eight percent of carers of 4-5 year olds reported use of a booster seat or FFCR. Non-use was associated with low household income (OR 3.10, 95% CI 1.67-5.75), in families with ?3 children (OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.09-3.76) and families where a language other than English is spoken at home (OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.10-5.21). Non-English speaking families had less awareness of the new law and poorer knowledge of safety benefits of child restraints. They also had lower household incomes and more concerns about cost of child restraints and booster seats. These findings can inform development of interventions to promote best practice child restraint use, which will reach non-English speaking families in this region. They also confirm the importance of economic and logistic barriers to best practice child restraint use. PMID:22921907

Keay, Lisa; Hunter, Kate; Brown, Julie; Bilston, Lynne E; Simpson, Judy M; Stevenson, Mark; Ivers, Rebecca Q

2013-01-01

190

Contexts for last occasions of unprotected anal intercourse among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney: The health in men cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the paper was to compare encounters involving unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and protected anal intercourse (PAI) among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney. Data were from those completing baseline face-to-face interviews to end June 2003 for the Health in Men open cohort of HIV-negative gay men in Sydney. The 1,148 participants ranged in age from 18 to 75

G. Prestage; P. Van de Ven; L. Mao; A. Grulich; S. Kippax; J. Kaldor

2005-01-01

191

Transparency and place : a visitors' center in Sydney Australia  

E-print Network

An exploratory design project is used as a vehicle to understand and identify approaches towards the notion of "place" and more precisely "visiting a place". The inquiry begins from the design challenge of an architectural ...

Kourvaras, Vassilios

1996-01-01

192

UNIVeRSITy Of SyDNey W I N T e R 2 0 1 2  

E-print Network

­ notably in health, climate change and food security ­ that face the world. Professor John hearn De2 UNIVeRSITy Of SyDNey WORLD W I N T e R 2 0 1 2 International partnerships are changing the way of the way that our partnerships with key international agencies ­ the UN, the WhO, the OeCD, the Asian

Viglas, Anastasios

193

Increases in Unprotected Anal Intercourse with Serodiscordant Casual Partners Among HIV-Negative Gay Men in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevalence of unprotected anal intercourse between casual male partners (UAIC) has been increasing worldwide. We explored\\u000a trends in serodiscordant UAIC and the associated factors among gay men in Sydney. Proportions of HIV-positive and negative\\u000a men with serodiscordant casual partners increased during 2003–2006. Prevalence of serodiscordant UAIC increased among HIV-negative\\u000a men. Age, number of partners, seeking partners online, drug use and

Iryna B. Zablotska; June Crawford; John Imrie; Garrett Prestage; Fengyi Jin; Andrew Grulich; Susan Kippax

2009-01-01

194

SITE RESPONSE IN THE BOTANY AREA, SYDNEY, USING MICROTREMOR ARRAY METHODS AND EQUIVALENT LINEAR SITE RESPONSE MODELLING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shear-wave velocity profiles (SWVPs) for soil and sand cover have been acquired for five sites in the Botany Bay area, Sydney, using microtremor array observations together with spatial autocorrelation (SPAC) processing methods. Single-site horizontal\\/vertical particle motion spectral ratios (HVSR) at the sites show a range of natural-resonance peak frequencies from 7 to 1.3 Hz and SWVPs developed by inversion of

Michael W. Asten; Trevor Dhu

2004-01-01

195

Changing Water Depths in the Eastern Part of Sydney Harbour due to Human Impacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney Harbour has been significantly modified by human impacts from the start of the European settlement in 1788. Land clearing has accelerated soil erosion, resulting in increased sedimentation. Dredging has deepened many areas to accommodate ever-larger ships. In this paper a GIS method is used to map bathymetric changes in the eastern part of the harbour from 1903 to more recently. Dredged areas are apparent in the entrance and in wharfage areas, while sedimentation is most marked around the deepest section, which is well inside the harbour itself. In this latter region sediment has built up considerably, to over 3 m in some locations, and ship-induced motions appear to have had an impact. Despite these changes the overall depth of the eastern part of the harbour has changed little. This work is of interest to maritime archaeologists because it brings out the types of processes by which sediments can accumulate and be removed thus altering a harbour's seabed and potentially burying, exposing or erasing archaeological sites and artefacts.

Mulhearn, Phillip

2014-08-01

196

Observations of the pulsation of the Cepheid l Car with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer  

E-print Network

Observations of the southern Cepheid l Car to yield the mean angular diameter and angular pulsation amplitude have been made with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) at a wavelength of 696 nm. The resulting mean limb-darkened angular diameter is 2.990+-0.017 mas (i.e. +-0.6 per cent) with a maximum-to-minimum amplitude of 0.560+-0.018 mas corresponding to 18.7+-0.6 per cent in the mean stellar diameter. Careful attention has been paid to uncertainties, including those in measurements, in the adopted calibrator angular diameters, in the projected values of visibility squared at zero baseline, and to systematic effects. No evidence was found for a circumstellar envelope at 696 nm. The interferometric results have been combined with radial displacements of the stellar atmosphere derived from selected radial velocity data taken from the literature to determine the distance and mean diameter of l Car. The distance is determined to be 525+-26 pc and the mean radius 169+-8R{solar). Comparison with published values for the distance and mean radius show excellent agreement, particularly when a common scaling factor from observed radial velocity to pulsation velocity of the stellar atmosphere (the p-factor) is used.

J. Davis; A. P. Jacob; J. G. Robertson; M. J. Ireland; J. R. North; W. J. Tango; P. G. Tuthill

2008-12-28

197

A reinvestigation of the lipopolysaccharide structure of Helicobacter pylori strain Sydney (SS1).  

PubMed

In this study, we describe a reinvestigation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) structure of Helicobacter pylori strain Sydney (SS1) based on the NMR analysis of oligosaccharides obtained through the use of various degradations of the LPS as well as capillary electrophoresis-MS data. The results of the analysis indicated that the core region of a major H. pylori SS1 LPS glycoform consists of a backbone core oligosaccharide substituted at the D-glycero-D-manno-heptose (DD-Hep) residue by a linear chain composed of a trisaccharide fragment ?-ddHep-3-?-L-Fuc-3-?-GlcNAc, as previously demonstrated for H. pylori strain 26695, further elongated by consecutively added ?-Glc and ?-Gal residues, and terminating in a novel linear chain consisting of 1,2-linked ?-ribofuranosyl residues, where the last ?-ribofuranosyl residue provides a point of attachment for the O-chain polysaccharide: [Formula: see text] where [2-?-Ribf-](n) is a short (three to five residues) oligomer of 1,2-linked ?-ribofuranose (riban), and PS is a polysaccharide chain consisting of N-acetyllactosamine, substituted with ?-Fuc to form Lewis (Le)-type structures. In addition to the previously identified LacNAc, Le(y) and Le(x) components, the O-chain polysaccharide of H. pylori SS1 LPS was found to contain a novel LacNAc unit carrying a phosphoethanolamine substituent at the O-6 position of ?-GlcNAc residues. PMID:21790998

Altman, Eleonora; Chandan, Vandana; Li, Jianjun; Vinogradov, Evgeny

2011-09-01

198

Initiation and duration of breastfeeding in an aboriginal community in south western Sydney.  

PubMed

The Gudaga Study is a prospective, longitudinal birth cohort study of Australian urban Aboriginal children. Mothers of Aboriginal infants were recruited using a survey of all mothers admitted to the maternity ward of an outer urban hospital in Sydney. These data established initiation rates among Gudaga infants and those of non-Aboriginal infants born locally (64.7% and 75.2%, respectively) and factors associated with breastfeeding. Older (relative risk, 1.24; confidence interval, 1.01-1.44), more educated (relative risk, 1.30; confidence interval, 1.11-1.48) mothers who intended to breastfeed (relative risk, 2.22; confidence interval, 2.12-2.3) were more likely to breastfeed. Smokers (relative risk, 0.72) and mothers of Aboriginal infants (relative risk, 0.78) were less likely to initiate breastfeeding. Breastfeeding rates for Gudaga infants dropped rapidly, with 26.3% breastfeeding at 2 months. Local health services providers can benefit from such information as they target relevant prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal services for Aboriginal mothers and their infants. PMID:21788654

Craig, Pippa L; Knight, Jennifer; Comino, Elizabeth; Webster, Vana; Pulver, Lisa Jackson; Harris, Elizabeth

2011-08-01

199

Business Communications in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how business communication courses fit into tertiary business studies programs generally and recounts the evolution of such courses at Nepean College of Advanced Education in Sydney, Australia. (AEA)

Galvin, Michael

1982-01-01

200

A proposed origin for fossilized Pennsylvanian plant cuticles by pyrite oxidation (Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fossilized cuticles, though rare in the roof rocks of coal seam in the younger part of the Pennsylvanian Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, represent nearly all of the major plant groups. Selected for investigation, by methods of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and elemental analysis, are fossilized cuticles (FCs) and cuticles extracted from compressions by Schulze's process (CCs) of Alethopteris ambigua. These investigations are supplemented by FTIR analysis of FCs and CCs of Cordaites principalis, and a cuticle-fossilized medullosalean(?) axis. The purpose of this study is threefold: (1) to try to determine biochemical discriminators between FCs and CCs of the same species using semi-quantitative FTIR techniques; (2) to assess the effects chemical treatments have, particularly Schulze's process, on functional groups; and most importantly (3) to study the primary origin of FCs. Results are equivocal in respect to (1); (2) after Schulze's treatment aliphatic moieties tend to be reduced relative to oxygenated groups, and some aliphatic chains may be shortened; and (3) a primary chemical model is proposed. The model is based on a variety of geological observations, including stratal distribution, clay and pyrite mineralogies associated with FCs and compressions, and regional geological structure. The model presupposes compression-cuticle fossilization under anoxic conditions for late authigenic deposition of sub-micron-sized pyrite on the compressions. Rock joints subsequently provided conduits for oxygen-enriched ground-water circulation to initiate in situ pyritic oxidation that produced sulfuric acid for macerating compressions, with resultant loss of vitrinite, but with preservation of cuticles as FCs. The timing of the process remains undetermined, though it is assumed to be late to post-diagenetic. Although FCs represent a pathway of organic matter transformation (pomd) distinct from other plant-fossilization processes, global applicability of the chemical models remains to be tested. CCs and FCs are inferred endpoints on a spectrum of pomd which complicates assessing origin of in-between transformations (partially macerated cuticles). FCs index highly acidic levels that existed locally in the roof rocks.

Zodrow, E.L.; Mastalerz, M.

2009-01-01

201

Evaluating the benefits of bilingual officers in providing training and advice to non-Background Farmers in the Sydney Basin English  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the effectiveness of employing bilingual officers to facilitate communication with some of the 1000 farmers from non-English Speaking Backgrounds (NESB) in the Agricultural sector of the Sydney Basin. Two programs aimed to improve the agricultural skills of Vietnamese farmers and water use efficiency of Arabic, Vietnamese, Cambodian and Chinese farmers. Evaluations including results being compared to

Virginia Brunton

202

If you have any comments or questions concerning this Bulletin, please email the Scholarships Office: scholarships.officer@sydney.edu.au  

E-print Network

Office: scholarships.officer@sydney.edu.au Previously advertised scholarships can be found on our website-determination in young children with disability" Funding is available for exploring the effectiveness of school-based interventions with children with disabilities. The multidisciplinary research team represents occupational

Viglas, Anastasios

203

Monthly Fairfax Metro Media Audience Report The Sydney Morning Herald, smh.com.au, The Sun-Herald The Age, theage.com.au, The Sunday Age  

E-print Network

Monthly ­ Fairfax Metro Media Audience Report The Sydney Morning Herald, smh.com.au, The Sun-Herald The Age, theage.com.au, The Sunday Age 2013 2012 % change 2013 2012 % change Web - monthly unique audience,189 + Average Net Paid Digital Only Sales 6,060 + Average Net Paid Print/Digital Packaged Sales 27,202 Sun

Peters, Richard

204

The effect of net harmonic currents produced by numbers of the Sydney Olympic Village's PV systems on the power quality of local electrical network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a method for predicting the effect of net harmonic currents produced by numbers of residential PV inverters on the power quality of a low voltage electrical network. Simple experimental based models of a PV inverter, which have been installed at the Sydney Olympic Village, are described. The effect of background harmonic voltages, input current from PV arrays

E. Vasanasong; E. D. Spooner

2000-01-01

205

Osmar R. Zaane & Mohammad El-Hajj, 2004 PAKDD 2004, Sydney Tutorial: Advances in Frequent Pattern Mining [1] Advances and Issues in Frequent  

E-print Network

Pattern Mining [1] Advances and Issues in Frequent Pattern Mining Osmar R. Zaïane Mohammad El-Hajj University of Alberta Canada University of Alberta Database Laboratory PAKDD 2004 Tutorial © Osmar R. Zaïane & Mohammad El-Hajj, 2004 PAKDD 2004, Sydney Tutorial: Advances in Frequent Pattern Mining [2] What

Zaiane, Osmar R.

206

Factors influencing vaccination uptake Workshop Report Current Australian research on the behavioural, social and demographic factors influencing immunisation, Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Sydney, March 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current Australian research on factors influencing vaccination was discussed at a workshop held at the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Sydney, in March 1998, sponsored by the National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases (NCIRS). The application of decision maki ng theory to vaccination behaviour, the expectations and experiences of mothers, and reasons why parents fail

Jill M Forrest; Margaret A Burgess; Peter B McIntyre

207

Proceedings of the 7th SIGdial Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue, pages 144151, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 7th SIGdial Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue, pages 144­151, Sydney, July 2006. Halliday and Hasan (1976) claim that the text meaning is re- alised through certain language resources identified in (Halliday and Hasan, 1976) are: sub- stitution, ellipsis, conjunction, reiteration and col

Clark, Alexander

208

The impact of heat on mortality and morbidity in the Greater Metropolitan Sydney Region: a case crossover analysis  

PubMed Central

Background This study examined the association between unusually high temperature and daily mortality (1997–2007) and hospital admissions (1997–2010) in the Sydney Greater Metropolitan Region (GMR) to assist in the development of targeted health programs designed to minimise the public health impact of extreme heat. Methods Sydney GMR was categorized into five climate zones. Heat-events were defined as severe or extreme. Using a time-stratified case-crossover design with a conditional logistic regression model we adjusted for influenza epidemics, public holidays, and climate zone. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated for associations between daily mortality and hospital admissions with heat-event days compared to non-heat event days for single and three day heat-events. Results All-cause mortality overall had similar magnitude associations with single day and three day extreme and severe events as did all cardiovascular mortality. Respiratory mortality was associated with single day and three day severe events (95thpercentile, lag0: OR?=?1.14; 95%CI: 1.04 to 1.24). Diabetes mortality had similar magnitude associations with single day and three day severe events (95thpercentile, lag0: OR?=?1.22; 95%CI: 1.03 to 1.46) but was not associated with extreme events. Hospital admissions for heat related injuries, dehydration, and other fluid disorders were associated with single day and three day extreme and severe events. Contrary to our findings for mortality, we found inconsistent and sometimes inverse associations for extreme and severe events with cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease hospital admissions. Controlling for air pollutants did not influence the mortality associations but reduced the magnitude of the associations with hospital admissions particularly for ozone and respiratory disease. Conclusions Single and three day events of unusually high temperatures in Sydney are associated with similar magnitude increases in mortality and hospital admissions. The trend towards an inverse association between cardio-vascular admissions and heat-events and the strong positive association between cardio-vascular mortality and heat-events suggests these events may lead to a rapid deterioration in persons with existing cardio-vascular disease resulting in death. To reduce the adverse effects of high temperatures over multiple days, and less extreme but more frequent temperatures over single days, targeted public health messages are critical. PMID:24238064

2013-01-01

209

Strategies for the municipal waste management system to take advantage of carbon trading under competing policies: The role of energy from waste in Sydney  

SciTech Connect

Climate change is a driving force behind some recent environmental legislation around the world. Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets have been set in many industrialised countries. A change in current practices of almost all greenhouse-emitting industrial sectors is unavoidable, if the set targets is to be achieved. Although, waste disposal contributes around 3% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in Australia (mainly due to fugitive methane emissions from landfills), the carbon credit and trading scheme set to start in 2010 presents significant challenges and opportunities to municipal solid waste practitioners. Technological advances in waste management, if adopted properly, allow the municipal solid waste sector to act as carbon sink, hence earning tradable carbon credits. However, due to the complexity of the system and its inherent uncertainties, optimizing it for carbon credits may worsen its performance under other criteria. We use an integrated, stochastic multi-criteria decision-making tool that we developed earlier to analyse the carbon credit potential of Sydney municipal solid waste under eleven possible future strategies. We find that the changing legislative environment is likely to make current practices highly non-optimal and increase pressures for a change of waste management strategy.

El Hanandeh, Ali [School of Civil Engineering, University of Sydney, Building J05, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)], E-mail: a.hanandeh@usyd.edu.au; El-Zein, Abbas [School of Civil Engineering, University of Sydney, Building J05, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)], E-mail: aelzein@usyd.edu.au

2009-07-15

210

The first Australian volume of the Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, brings together 86 whole pots and fragments from the collection of Apulian red figure pottery in the Nicholson Museum at the University of Sydney. The  

E-print Network

and fragments from the collection of Apulian red figure pottery in the Nicholson Museum at the University VASORVM ANTIQVORVM The Nicholson Museum,The University of Sydney The Red Figure Pottery of Apulia

Viglas, Anastasios

211

THE 6TH ANNUAL NEW ZEALAND ~ AUSTRALIA CONFERENCE ON ADDICTIVE DISEASE OUR YOUTH AT RISK  

E-print Network

Pharmacotherapy for Addictive Disease Treatment." Area Medical Director of Northern Sydney Health's Drug, President of California Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counsellors, Founder and CEO of Cruthcher the effects of alcohol on the brain for over 25 years. Stephen Jurd, MB BS FRANZCP, Sydney, Australia, "Modern

Hofmann, Hans A.

212

The medical officer's journal: HMAS Sydney 1913-1922. An Australian Naval record of surgery and anaesthesia at the time of the outbreak of World War I.  

PubMed

The Medical Officer's Journal of HMAS Sydney was a record kept by the ship's Surgeon, Leonard Darby, of the conditions on the ship and the health, diseases, injuries and treatment of the sailor's under his care. Records of anaesthesia and surgery indicate chloroform was mostly administered as was ether occasionally. There was some use of intravenous and subcutaneous fluids for resuscitation. The journal also provides an eyewitness account of the Sydney-Emden battle on 9 November 1914 which occurred off the Cocos Keeling Islands and was a famous first victory for the young Australian Navy, making headlines around the world. The treatment of the many injured, mostly Germans, is described; with the two Australian surgeons and the surviving German surgeon working together. PMID:25196953

McDonald, J M; Todd, E M

2014-07-01

213

Efficacy of vaccination with live attenuated, cold-adapted, trivalent, intranasal influenza virus vaccine against a variant (A\\/Sydney) not contained in the vaccine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of revaccination of children with live attenuated influenza vaccine. Study design: A 2-year multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, efficacy field trial of live attenuated, cold-adapted trivalent influenza vaccine administered by nasal spray to children. This report summarizes year 2 results, a year in which the epidemic strain of influenza A\\/Sydney was not well matched

Robert B. Belshe; William C. Gruber; Paul M. Mendelman; Iksung Cho; Keith Reisinger; Stan L. Block; Janet Wittes; Dominick Iacuzio; Pedro Piedra; John Treanor; James King; Karen Kotloff; David I. Bernstein; Frederick G. Hayden; Ken Zangwill; Lihan Yan; Mark Wolff

2000-01-01

214

Application of positive matrix factorization, multi-linear engine and back trajectory techniques to the quantification of coal-fired power station pollution in metropolitan Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over 900 fine particle Teflon filters were collected within the Sydney Basin between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2011 and analyzed using simultaneous PIXE, PIGE, RBS and PESA techniques to determine 21 different elements between hydrogen and lead. These elements were used in positive matrix factorization (PMF) and multi-linear engine (ME) techniques together with HYSPLIT wind back trajectory techniques to quantitatively determine source fingerprints and their contributions from coal-fired power stations. The power stations were many kilometers outside the greater Sydney metropolitan area but still had a significant impact on the fine particle mass loadings measured at the sampling site within this metropolitan area. The PM2.5 eleven year average mass at the sampling site was 6.48 ?g m-3. The corresponding ammonium sulfate estimate was 1.65 ?g m-3 or 26% of the PM2.5 mass. By applying back trajectory data and (ME) analysis methods, two power related fingerprints, secondary sulfate (2ndrySPower) and aged industrial sulfur (IndSagedPower) were determined. These two power related fingerprints were responsible for between 14 and 18% of the total PM2.5 mass and 34-47% of the total sulfate measured at the sampling site. That is on average somewhere between a third and a half of all the sulfate measured in the greater Sydney region could be attributed to coal-fired power station emissions.

Cohen, David D.; Crawford, Jagoda; Stelcer, Eduard; Atanacio, Armand J.

2012-12-01

215

*. P. Rush et S. Yeo, Criminal Law Sourcebook, Sydney, Butterworths, 2000. **. Criminal Law Researcher and Expert.  

E-print Network

punishment is personal desert, then legal theoryinvariably interweaveswithphilosophicalclaimsaboutwrongdoing on the common law jurisdictions (New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and the Australian Capital territory

Spino, Claude

216

A cross-sectional study of pre-travel health-seeking practices among travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports  

PubMed Central

Background Pre-travel health assessments aim to promote risk reduction through preventive measures and safe behavior, including ensuring travelers are up-to-date with their immunizations. However, studies assessing pre-travel health-seeking practices from a variety of medical and non-medical sources and vaccine uptake prior to travel to both developing and developed countries within the Asia-Pacific region are scarce. Methods Cross-sectional surveys were conducted between July and December 2007 to assess pre-travel health seeking practices, including advice from health professionals, health information from other sources and vaccine uptake, in a sample of travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports. A two-stage cluster sampling technique was used to ensure representativeness of travelers and travel destinations. Pre-travel health seeking practices were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire distributed at the check-in queues of departing flights. Logistic regression models were used to identify significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional, reported separately for Australian residents, residents of other Western countries and residents of countries in Asia. Results A total of 843 surveys were included in the final sample (Sydney 729, response rate 56%; Bangkok 114, response rate 60%). Overall, pre-travel health information from any source was sought by 415 (49%) respondents with 298 (35%) seeking pre-travel advice from a health professional, the majority through general practice. Receipt of a pre-travel vaccine was reported by 100 (12%) respondents. Significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional differed by region of residence. Asian travelers were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice and uptake of pre-travel vaccines than Australian or other Western travelers. Migrant Australians were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice than Australian-born travelers. Conclusions This study highlights differences in health-seeking practices including the uptake of pre-travel health advice by region of residence and country of birth. There is a public health need to identify strategies targeting these travel groups. This includes the promotion of affordable and accessible travel clinics in low resource countries as traveler numbers increase and travel health promotion targeting migrant groups in high resource countries. General practitioners should play a central role. Determining the most appropriate strategies for increasing pre-travel health preparation, particularly for vaccine preventable diseases in travelers is the next stage in advancing travel medicine research. PMID:22550996

2012-01-01

217

Comparison of Bayesian and frequentist approaches in modelling risk of preterm birth near the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada  

PubMed Central

Background This study compares the Bayesian and frequentist (non-Bayesian) approaches in the modelling of the association between the risk of preterm birth and maternal proximity to hazardous waste and pollution from the Sydney Tar Pond site in Nova Scotia, Canada. Methods The data includes 1604 observed cases of preterm birth out of a total population of 17559 at risk of preterm birth from 144 enumeration districts in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. Other covariates include the distance from the Tar Pond; the rate of unemployment to population; the proportion of persons who are separated, divorced or widowed; the proportion of persons who have no high school diploma; the proportion of persons living alone; the proportion of single parent families and average income. Bayesian hierarchical Poisson regression, quasi-likelihood Poisson regression and weighted linear regression models were fitted to the data. Results The results of the analyses were compared together with their limitations. Conclusion The results of the weighted linear regression and the quasi-likelihood Poisson regression agrees with the result from the Bayesian hierarchical modelling which incorporates the spatial effects. PMID:17845717

Ismaila, Afisi S; Canty, Angelo; Thabane, Lehana

2007-01-01

218

SYDNEY UNIVERSITY WORLD SYDNEY UNIVERSITY WORLD  

E-print Network

. This includes plant scientist Professor Robert Park who is working at the University's Camden campus and energy, innovation and hard work are helping to solve some of our most pressing global problems Robert Park's research to combat a fungus that is destroying global wheat crops 20 FUnDing in

Du, Jie

219

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 58 5. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE  

E-print Network

and sports facilities reflect the history, and changes in, recreational and social activities over a long expansion of the University, reflecting important changes in the history of tertiary education in Australia evidence of the history of, and major changes in, tertiary education, landscape design, institutional

Viglas, Anastasios

220

Assessment of sediment quality in Avicennia marina-dominated embayments of Sydney Estuary: the potential use of pneumatophores (aerial roots) as a bio-indicator of trace metal contamination.  

PubMed

Currently, coastal intertidal environments are under stress from increased contaminant loads due to urbanization and other anthropogenic disturbances. Mangrove habitats are abundant in tropical and sub-topical intertidal zones and frequently act as a metal bio-filter in estuarine systems. Mangrove reforestation is often considered as one of the management options to protect estuarine-marine habitats. The main objective of the present investigation was to assess the bio-indicator potential of Avicennia marina by determining heavy metal concentrations in pneumatophore (aerial root) tissues and ambient sediments from Sydney Estuary (Australia). We collected mangrove sediments and pneumatophores in fifteen locations covering five major embayments of the estuary for a detailed biogeochemical investigation. Metal concentrations in sediment were mostly above Australian interim sediment quality guidelines (ISQG)-Low and in few instances above ISQG-High values. Enrichment factors (EFs >6, especially of Cu, Pb and Zn) suggest "very severe" modification of sediment in Sydney Estuary in all but one embayment which was mainly due to rapid changes in land use in connection with urbanization. High bio-concentration factors (BCFs) were observed for Cu and Ni in comparison with other metals (i.e., As, Cd, Co, Cr, Pb and Zn). A strong, positive relationship between metals in sediments and pneumatophores suggests potential use of these tissues as a bio-indicator of estuarine contamination and that metals are entering the biotic environment. The study further highlights a positive role of mangroves in sequestering metals from sediments and the water column and thus protecting estuarine environments from pollution. PMID:24345861

Nath, Bibhash; Birch, Gavin; Chaudhuri, Punarbasu

2014-02-15

221

Development of a nurse-led primary healthcare service for injecting drug users in inner-city Sydney.  

PubMed

Injecting drug users (IDUs) experience numerous health problems, but report barriers to utilising general practitioners (GPs). A nurse-led Harm Minimisation-based Primary Healthcare (HMPH) service for IDUs was established within a needle and syringe program in inner-city Sydney with Area Health Service medical support and clinical governance. This paper aimed to describe the HMPH service, review service utilisation and assess nurses' perceptions of their work with IDUs. A review of the most recent 200 clinic files was undertaken. Service utilisation, GP and other health service use and access were extracted and analysed using SPSS. A semi-structured qualitative interview with clinic nurses regarding their experience working with IDUs and local GPs was conducted and analysed. Since its inception in mid-2006, the service has been utilised by 417 clients. Of the most recent 200 files, blood-borne virus and sexually transmitted infection screening were the primary reason for presentation (64.5%). At least one follow-up visit was attended by 90% of clients. A total of 62% of clients reported consulting a GP in the last 12 months. The service provided 102 referrals. Nurses believed that IDUs tend to utilise GPs ineffectively and that self-care is a low priority, but that they can support IDUs to overcome some barriers to GPs and facilitate access. Targeted primary health care services led by nurses with focussed medical support and co-located with needle and syringe programs can fill an important gap in delivering and facilitating health care to IDUs. PMID:21616018

Day, Carolyn A; Islam, M Mofizul; White, Ann; Reid, Sharon E; Hayes, Stephen; Haber, Paul S

2011-01-01

222

Ethnicity, health and medical care: towards a critical realist analysis of general practice in the Korean community in Sydney.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the use and provision of biomedicine among Korean-Australian men on the basis of interview data from all of the eight Korean-speaking doctors practising in the Korean community in Sydney in 1995. From the viewpoint of these general practitioners, an analysis is made of the processes Korean men go through in adjusting to a new country, being involved in constant hard manual work and long working hours, and explores how they make use of all available resources to stay healthy. The Korean men have fully utilized the 'freely' available medical services under government-subsidized Medicare, bearing in mind that health is a capacity to work under the current environment, although illegal migrants restrained themselves from using it until they obtained legal status. Korean-speaking medical practitioners have been able to provide their fellow Koreans with 'culturally appropriate' health care, with the key factor being the absence of a language barrier. The level of patient satisfaction is high, possibly due to the excellent understanding the doctors have of the social aspects of illnesses, although the doctors do not go beyond curative medicine in their practice. However, the increasing number of Korean-speaking doctors in the small Korean community means that there is competition for patients. Consequently, the medical care is highly entrepreneurial. Referral by Korean doctors to practitioners of Korean herbal medicine is also a notable feature of the health care sector of the Korean community, especially as this offers Korean patients 'satisfactory' health relief for problems that are not easily relieved by doctors in the biomedical system. PMID:17060035

Han, Gil-Soo; Davies, Carmel

2006-11-01

223

An outbreak of Salmonella typhimurium 108/170 at a privately catered barbeque at a Sydney sports club.  

PubMed

An outbreak of gastrointestinal illness was identified among attendees at a large community barbeque at a Sydney sports club on 30 January 2009. A retrospective cohort study was initiated, and attendees were identified through hospital emergency department gastroenteritis presentations, snowball recruitment through known cases, responders to linguistically specific press, and those returning to the venue the next week. A symptom and food history was collected from attendees, and stool samples were provided for microbiological investigation. An environmental investigation and trace back of implicated foods was also undertaken. Attendance estimates at the barbeque ranged from 100 to 180, and the food was prepared by a family that was not registered as a food business. Seventy one of the 87 attendees identified met the case definition. Thirty attendees (42%) had laboratory confirmed Salmonella Typhimurium phage-type 108/170, all with the same multilocus variable number of tandem repeat analysis typing. Burden of illness was high with 76% of cases seeking medical attention and 18% admitted to hospital. Microbiological evidence confirmed that a number of food items were contaminated with Salmonella Typhimurium 108/170, with the raw egg mayonnaise used in a Russian salad being the most likely primary food vehicle (adjusted odds ratio=10.3 [95% confidence interval 1.79-59.5]). Further, having Russian salad on the plate even if it was not consumed increased the relative risk of illness, thus suggesting that other food items may have been contaminated when they came into contact with it on the plate. This Salmonella outbreak highlighted the risks associated with the improper handling of food in private residences, which are then sold at a large public event. PMID:21790276

Jardine, Andrew; Ressler, Kelly-Anne; Botham, Susan; Irwin, Melissa J; Shadbolt, Craig; Vally, Hassan; Ferson, Mark J

2011-11-01

224

Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa Australia's biggest university  

E-print Network

Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa #12; Australia's biggest university Over 60 for History Philosophy Geography and Area Studies the Top 40 universities in the world for Linguistics The University of New South Wales The University of Queensland The University of Sydney The University

Albrecht, David

225

Comparison of G1.2\\/G2.2 and Sydney IVF cleavage\\/blastocyst sequential media for the culture of human embryos: a prospective, randomized, comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To compare two commercially available sequential media, G1.2\\/G2.2 and Sydney IVF cleavage\\/blastocyst media, as supports for human embryo culture.Design: Prospective randomized study.Setting: University-based IVF clinic.Patient(s): Two hundred forty-nine patients undergoing IVF treatment for the first or second time, randomly allocated at the time of oocyte retrieval, to either culture in G1.2\\/G2.2 or Sydney IVF media.Intervention(s): Oocyte recovery, IVF or

Anne Van Langendonckt; Dominique Demylle; Christine Wyns; Michelle Nisolle; Jacques Donnez

2001-01-01

226

"First Aid for Scalds" campaign: reaching Sydney's Chinese, Vietnamese, and Arabic speaking communities  

PubMed Central

Objectives—As a serious yet preventable problem, scald injuries in children have been a priority for prevention in Australia and other developed countries. Not only can the occurrence of scalds be prevented, but immediate first aid treatment offers an effective method for secondary prevention, reducing the severity of scalds. Despite the success of scald prevention initiatives, local evidence suggested that first aid knowledge was lacking in some minority ethnic groups. To redress this gap, the "First Aid for Scalds" campaign for those from a non-English speaking background was specifically targeted to three ethnic groups (Vietnamese, Chinese, and Arabic), with the aim of increasing the proportions of parents and caregivers who had correct knowledge of first aid treatment for scalds. The primary strategy was a media campaign, including advertisements on ethnic radio and in ethnic newspapers. Methods—The evaluation design included formative research and impact evaluation. The impact evaluation study involved random population based telephone surveys with each of the three language groups, before and after the campaign, to assess the reach and effectiveness of the campaign. Results—After the campaign, there were significant increases in the proportion of people who knew the correct first aid treatment for scalds. There were substantial variations in campaign recall and knowledge between each of the three language groups. The largest improvement was found in the Vietnamese group. Conclusion—The association between campaign recall and increase in correct knowledge, and the absence of any similar interventions during the campaign period, give credence to the conclusion that the changes observed were a result of the campaign. The results demonstrate the value of community based injury prevention campaigns specifically targeting linguistically diverse communities. PMID:10385828

King, L.; Thomas, M.; Gatenby, K.; Georgiou, A.; Hua, M.

1999-01-01

227

Estrogen mediated effects in the Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata, following field exposures to sewage effluent containing estrogenic compounds and activity.  

PubMed

The Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata, has been demonstrated as a useful biomonitor of estrogenic compounds following laboratory exposures, yet its utility in the assessment of estrogenic exposure and effects under field conditions requires investigation. To achieve this aim, S. glomerata were deployed in Newcastle, Australia in the effluent receiving marine waters of Burwood Beach WWTP (Burwood Beach "near", <50 m from outfall and Burwood Beach "far", 100-150 m from outfall) and reference locations (Redhead, Fingal Island 1 and Fingal Island 2) at depths of 4, 8 and 12 m for six weeks. Effluent receiving waters of Burwood Beach WWTP were found to be a suitable impact location, demonstrated via measurement of estrogenic compounds and activity throughout the deployment. Estrogenic compounds were detected (average of combined solids and liquid fractions) at average concentrations of: 1.42 ng/L for estrone, 0.69 ng/L for 17? estradiol, 3.83 ng/L for estriol (E3), 0.56 ng/L for 17?-ethynylestradiol, 64.2 ng/L for bisphenol A, 7.51 ng/L for 4-nonylphenol and 5.93 ng/L for 4-tert-octylphenol. Total estrogenic activity was estimated at 4.48 ng/L EEQ via the Yeast Estrogen Screen (YES(®)) assay (average of combined solid and liquid fractions). Female vitellogenin gene expression was highest at Burwood Beach locations, yet no significant differences were detected among locations for either sex. Vitellogenin protein was significantly higher (p<0.05) in S. glomerata at Burwood Beach Near compared to reference locations for the 4 and 12 m depths. Increased proportions of females were found at Burwood Beach Near, at 4m depth (p<0.05). Both Burwood Beach locations had higher proportions of mature female gonadal development stages compared to reference locations (p<0.05). Oocyte area was highest at both Burwood Beach locations, but no significant differences were detected among locations. Findings provided further evidence that female S. glomerata may be a suitable candidate species for assessment of effects of estrogenic compounds in Australian waters. PMID:22673404

Andrew-Priestley, M N; O'Connor, W A; Dunstan, R H; Van Zwieten, L; Tyler, T; Kumar, A; MacFarlane, G R

2012-09-15

228

Differential expression of genes encoding anti-oxidant enzymes in Sydney rock oysters, Saccostrea glomerata (Gould) selected for disease resistance.  

PubMed

Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) selectively bred for disease resistance (R) and wild-caught control oysters (W) were exposed to a field infection of disseminating neoplasia. Cumulative mortality of W oysters (31.7%) was significantly greater than R oysters (0.0%) over the 118 days of the experiment. In an attempt to understand the biochemical and molecular pathways involved in disease resistance, differentially expressed sequence tags (ESTs) between R and W S. glomerata hemocytes were identified using the PCR technique, suppression subtractive hybridisation (SSH). Sequencing of 300 clones from two SSH libraries revealed 183 distinct sequences of which 113 shared high similarity to sequences in the public databases. Putative function could be assigned to 64 of the sequences. Expression of nine ESTs homologous to genes previously shown to be involved in bivalve immunity was further studied using quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR). The base-line expression of an extracellular superoxide dismutase (ecSOD) and a small heat shock protein (sHsP) were significantly increased, whilst peroxiredoxin 6 (Prx6) and interferon inhibiting cytokine factor (IK) were significantly decreased in R oysters. From these results it was hypothesised that R oysters would be able to generate the anti-parasitic compound, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) faster and to higher concentrations during respiratory burst due to the differential expression of genes for the two anti-oxidant enzymes of ecSOD and Prx6. To investigate this hypothesis, protein extracts from hemolymph were analysed for oxidative burst enzyme activity. Analysis of the cell free hemolymph proteins separated by native-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) failed to detect true superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity by assaying dismutation of superoxide anion in zymograms. However, the ecSOD enzyme appears to generate hydrogen peroxide, presumably via another process, which is yet to be elucidated. This corroborates our hypothesis, whilst phylogenetic analysis of the complete coding sequence (CDS) of the S. glomerata ecSOD gene is supportive of the atypical nature of the ecSOD enzyme. Results obtained from this work further the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in resistance to disease in this economically important bivalve, and shed further light on the anomalous oxidative processes involved. PMID:19332130

Green, Timothy J; Dixon, Tom J; Devic, Emilie; Adlard, Robert D; Barnes, Andrew C

2009-05-01

229

Australia.  

PubMed

This discussion of Australia covers the following: the people, geography, history, government, political conditions, economy, foreign relations and defense, and relations between the US and Australia. In 1983 the population of Australia totaled 15.3 million with an annual growth rate of 1.3%. The infant mortality rate is 9.9/1000 live births with a life expectancy of 74 years. The people of Australia are predominantly of British origin, and their culture and outlook are similar to those of the US. The aboriginal population is estimated to be 1% of the total. Much of Australia's culture is derived from European roots, but distinctive Australian trends have evolved from the environment, aboriginal culture, and the influence of Australia's neighbors. Australia, the world's smallest continent but 1 of the largest nations, is located below the Southeast Asian archipelago and is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean and on the west by the Indian Ocean. Most of the continent is a low, irregular plateau. Little is known of Australia before its discovery by Dutch explorers in the 17th century. On January 26, 1788 the Colony of New South Wales was founded and formal proclamation on the site of Sydney followed on February 7. Many of the 1st settlers were convicts. The mid-19th century began a policy of emancipation of convicts and assisted immigration of free people. The 1st federal Parliament was opened at Melbourne in May 1901. Australia passed the Statute of Westminster Adoption Act in 1942, which officially established Australia's complete autonomy in both internal and external affairs. The Commonwealth government was created with a constitution patterned partly on the US constitution. Australia is a fully independent nation within the Commonwealth. The federal Parliament is bicameral, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. At the apex of the court system is the High Court of Australia. The 3 main political groups in Australia are the Liberal Party, the National Party, and the Australian Labor Party. The ALP came to power in a sweeping victory on March 5, 1983, bringing an end to nearly 8 years of rule by the Liberal/National coalition. Australia has a sophisticated, diversified, and affluent economy (1982 gross domestic product, US$151 billion). The economy is heavily dependent on foreign trade. Since World War II Australia plays an increasingly active role in international affairs. On most international issues, the US and Australia are in broad agreement and cooperate closely. PMID:12178091

1984-05-01

230

Interview of Sydney Brenner  

E-print Network

emigrated in 1922 and had lived through the revolution; father repaired shoes and we lived initially in rooms at the back of his shop; mother has ambitions for her children; father was illiterate but had a gift for languages; mother encouraged me to read... time 19:54:22 Work on nematode worms; genes build the nervous system which then performs the behaviour; needed to determine the structure of the nervous system, it should be a small nervous system so could be finite and that we could make mutations...

Brenner, Sydney

2007-12-13

231

IN MEMORIAM Sydney Kustu  

E-print Network

her youth. These honors included attending the Peabody Conservatory summer music camp for music in advance, and composing an experiment somewhat like a piece of music." After establishing her own in this country and abroad. They often spoke of the lasting effect Kustu had on their lives and of how her

Wildermuth, Mary C

232

Engagement with Australia Active Partnership Agreements  

E-print Network

of Western Australia/Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems; Collaboration with Australian company Advanced of Southern Queensland University of Queensland University of Western Australia University of Western Sydney. Vijay Singh, Biological and Agricultural Engineering: Peri-urban ecosystems and hydrology (six year

Behmer, Spencer T.

233

Outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by norovirus GII.4 Sydney variant after a wedding reception at a resort/activity centre, Finland, August 2012.  

PubMed

In August 2012, an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred among 88 persons attending a wedding reception at a resort/activity centre in Ylöjärvi, Finland. Of 39 interviewed guests, 23 met the case definition. Two persons were hospitalized. Epidemiological, laboratory and environmental investigations were conducted to characterize the outbreak and to recommend control measures. Investigation confirmed the presence of a new strain of norovirus GII.4 Sydney variant in stool specimens obtained from two wedding guests and on several environmental surfaces in the centre. In the questionnaire study, none of the foods or beverages served during the reception were significantly associated with the illness. Additional cases of gastroenteritis that occurred at the centre before and after the wedding reception supported the hypothesis of environmental transmission of norovirus. After thorough cleansing and disinfection and 1 week's quarantine, no new cases with symptoms typical for norovirus infection were identified at the centre. PMID:24229743

Polkowska, A; Rönnqvist, M; Lepistö, O; Roivainen, M; Maunula, L; Huusko, S; Toikkanen, S; Rimhanen-Finne, R

2014-09-01

234

The hydrological and economic impacts of changing water allocations in political regions within the peri-urban South Creek catchment in Western Sydney II: Scenarios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim in this paper is to assess the hydrological and economic impacts of deploying water in the political jurisdictions of the peri-urban South Creek catchment of Western Sydney. This catchment has been identified as the region in which the city of Sydney will grow into in the future, with a plan to move an extra one million people into the catchment in the next 25-30 years. In conjunction with this expansion, a plan exists to augment the existing water supply by treating waste water effluent, harvesting stormwater and improving irrigation efficiency, along with a strategy for saving water on farms. Water in this catchment is operated by and in the interests of society, where decisions on its allocation have a political perspective to them. However, the growth within this catchment and the water augmentation strategies are not split evenly amongst the political entities within this catchment, namely the Local Government Authorities. An integrated hydro-economic model segregated according to the political entities in the catchment is used in this study to address a range of water saving scenarios raised by stakeholders. The trade-offs inherent in all water allocation decisions on a regional basis are made transparent in this model and its political ramifications, defined as the impacts on different political regions, are identified. In analysing the measures designed to save water across the catchment, none resulted in a positive Net Present Value. Even just expanding the system to accommodate one million extra people resulted in significant economic losses. In addition, the impact of each measure in each political region was markedly different. The purpose of this study is to provide stakeholders in individual local government regions with evidence of the costs and impacts of rational decisions to change the management of water resources in South Creek catchment.

Davidson, Brian; Malano, Hector; Nawarathna, Bandara; Maheshwari, Basant

2013-08-01

235

Sydney, Australia Community Meets Classroom: Celebrating Families and Difference in the Early Stages of Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers and teacher educators are often hard pressed to find resources that creatively integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), and intersex issues into the early stages of primary education. While there is a growing number of academics who stress the importance of addressing topics of sexual and gender diversity during the early…

Burns, Kellie

2006-01-01

236

Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers - changes over time and differences between Sydney and Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Cycling is important for health, transport, environmental and economic reasons. Newspaper reporting of cycling reflects and can influence public and policy maker attitudes towards resource allocation for cycling and cycling infrastructure, yet such coverage has not been systematically examined. METHODS: The Factiva electronic news archive was searched for articles referring to cycling published in four major metropolitan newspapers -

Chris Rissel; Catriona Bonfiglioli; Adrian Emilsen; Ben J Smith

2010-01-01

237

Professor Philip W. Kuchel, University of Sydney, Australia Modeling Cellular Metabolism  

E-print Network

Cellular Metabolism: Glycolysis, the Urea Cycle and Membrane Transport Measured Using of differential rate equations for the individual enzymes and membrane transport proteins based on enzyme kinetics, and the co-authored book "Modelling Metabolism

Zhao, Yuxiao

238

Infection control practices among tattooists and body piercers in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundTattooing and body piercing have a long history, and both have become increasingly fashionable worldwide. There is an association between tattooing\\/body piercing and hepatitis B and C infections.

Aurmporn Oberdorfer; John H Wiggers; Jenny Bowman; Christophe Lecathelinais

2003-01-01

239

preprint version RSS 2012, Sydney, Australia Rigidity Maintenance Control for Multi-Robot Systems  

E-print Network

Daniel Zelazo, Antonio Franchi, Frank Allg¨ower, Heinrich H. B¨ulthoff, and Paolo Robuffo Giordano Institute for Systems Theory and Automatic Control, University of Stuttgart, Germany. Email: {daniel, and is thus amenable to a distributed implementation. Additional require- ments such as obstacle and inter

240

Alternaria spores in the atmosphere of Sydney, Australia, and relationships with meteorological factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alternaria spores are found in the atmosphere in many locations around the world. They are significant from a human health perspective because they have been known to trigger allergic respiratory disease such as asthma and hay-fever. The presence of Alternaria spores in the atmosphere has been related to meteorological factors in past studies, but this has not been done previously

P. J. Stennett; P. J. Beggs

2004-01-01

241

Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. METHOD: An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409

Li Ming Wen; Victoria M Flood; Judy M Simpson; Chris Rissel; Louise A Baur

2010-01-01

242

The impact of land cover change on storms in the Sydney Basin, Australia  

E-print Network

Available online 30 June 2006 Abstract This study has used a numerical model (RAMS) at 1 km horizontal grid therein). This literature includes modeling Global and Planetary Change 54 (2006) 57­78 www.elsevier.com/locate/gloplacha For submission to Global and Planetary Change. Corresponding author. Tel.: +61 2 9850 8425; fax: +61 2 9850 8420

Pielke, Roger A.

243

Proceedings of 20th International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2010 2327 August 2010, Sydney, Australia  

E-print Network

to evaluate certain features of a medium by using ultrasound waves and characterizing the sound propagation and inverse problems [2­6], b) ray model for propagation of sound [7, 8]. In both cases, modelling the ex positions of the sensors. To confirm the functionality of our method in practice, simulations mimicking

Vetterli, Martin

244

Proceedings of the Australasian Language Technology Workshop 2005, pages 714, Sydney, Australia, December 2005.  

E-print Network

, December 2005. Disambiguating Conjunctions in Named Entities Pawel MAZUR Institute of Applied Informatics.Dale@mq.edu.au Abstract The recognition of named entities is now a well- developed area, with a range of symbolic of entity types. However, there are still some named entity phenomena that present problems for existing

Dale, Robert

245

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF DIETETICS Sydney Australia, 5-8 September 2012  

E-print Network

to optimise their nutrition before and during pregnancy and for feeding their infants. We thank the DOHa.5 Nutrition and the developmental origins of health and disease Workshop: Friday 7 September, 3.30pm ­ 5.30pm Origins of Health and Disease is a major area of international research and nutrition is the centre

Anderson, Jim

246

The influence of riparian corridor width on ant and plant assemblages in northern Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Protecting riparian corridors is a commonly applied environmental policy in urban landscapes. However, empirical data demonstrating\\u000a their efficacy for biodiversity conservation outcomes is scarce. In this study we investigated whether riparian corridor width\\u000a influences the diversity and community structure of ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and vascular plant assemblages therein.\\u000a Eighteen corridors of differing widths were selected from within the Ku-ring-gai Local

Christopher D. Ives; Grant C. Hose; David A. Nipperess; Mark Patrick Taylor

2011-01-01

247

Neighbourhood safety and area deprivation modify the associations between parkland and psychological distress in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to investigate how perceived neighbourhood safety and area deprivation influenced the relationship between parklands and mental health. Methods Information about psychological distress, perceptions of safety, demographic and socio-economic background at the individual level was extracted from New South Wales Population Health Survey. The proportion of a postcode that was parkland was used as a proxy measure for access to parklands and was calculated for each individual. Generalized Estimating Equations logistic regression analyses were performed to account for correlation between participants within postcodes, and with controls for socio-demographic characteristics and socio-economic status at the area level. Results In areas where the residents reported perceiving their neighbourhood to be “safe” and controlling for area levels of socio-economic deprivation, there were no statistically significant associations between the proportion of parkland and high or very high psychological distress. In the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods which were perceived as unsafe by residents, those with greater proportions of parkland, over 20%, there was greater psychological distress, this association was statistically significant (20-40% parkland: OR=2.27, 95% CI=1.45-3.55; >40% parkland: OR=2.53, 95% CI=1.53-4.19). Conclusion Our study indicates that perceptions of neighbourhood safety and area deprivation were statistically significant effect modifiers of the association between parkland and psychological distress. PMID:23635303

2013-01-01

248

Posttraumatic stress disorder among female street-based sex workers in the greater Sydney area, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper examines rates of exposure to work-related violence and other trauma, and the prevalence of lifetime and current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among female street-based sex workers. It also investigates associations between current PTSD symptoms and: demographic characteristics, psychiatric comorbidity, injecting and sex risk behaviours, and trauma history. METHODS: Cross sectional data collected from 72 women via face

Amanda Roxburgh; Louisa Degenhardt; Jan Copeland

2006-01-01

249

Toxic Disputes and the Rise of Environmental Justice in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines the rise of environmental justice issues in Australia, evident in two toxic disputes; the first, in a Perth outer suburb in Western Australia where resi- dents faced both a hazardous waste dump and the nation's biggest chemical fire; and the second, in the Sydney suburb of Botany where residents were confronted with the destruction of what is

MARIANN E. LLOYD-SMITH

250

“Truth in Advertising”: The Beginning of Advertising Ethics in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia, as in many countries, the early advertising industry had a poor reputation for honesty. However, in 1920 “truth in advertising” and raising ethical behavior became the focus of the Second Convention of Advertising Men of Australasia, held in Sydney. This was a major event in Australia's advertising history and was seen as a way to legitimize the industry

David S. Waller

2012-01-01

251

Australia's Biodiversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Australian Museum Online comes this informative presentation on biodiversity. This searchable site allows visitors to learn fun biodiversity facts (such as the evolutionary history of the platypus and the secret life of kelp forests), how to conserve biodiversity through sustainable living practices, and what's happening at the Australian Museum in Sydney. Many of the pages can also be downloaded in .pdf format. Features of the site include RealMedia films on such topics as the Lizard Island Research Station and Sydney's Coastal Reefs; a page about the interpretive strategies of the museum's exhibition, Biodiversity: life supporting life; and biodiversity and forestry case studies in Australia. Well organized and readable, this site will be enjoyable for both Aussies and non-Aussies interested in the science and wonder of life's diversity.

2008-04-01

252

The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns (SMILE) study: cluster randomised trial of humour therapy in nursing homes  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine whether humour therapy reduces depression (primary outcome), agitation and behavioural disturbances and improves social engagement and quality-of-life in nursing home residents. Design The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns study was a single-blind cluster randomised controlled trial of humour therapy. Setting 35 Sydney nursing homes. Participants All eligible residents within geographically defined areas within each nursing home were invited to participate. Intervention Professional ‘ElderClowns’ provided 9–12?weekly humour therapy sessions, augmented by resident engagement by trained staff ‘LaughterBosses’. Controls received usual care. Measurements Depression scores on the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, agitation scores on the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory, behavioural disturbance scores on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, social engagement scores on the withdrawal subscale of Multidimensional Observation Scale for Elderly Subjects, and self-rated and proxy-rated quality-of-life scores on a health-related quality-of-life tool for dementia, the DEMQOL. All outcomes were measured at the participant level by researchers blind to group assignment. Randomisation Sites were stratified by size and level of care then assigned to group using a random number generator. Results Seventeen nursing homes (189 residents) received the intervention and 18 homes (209 residents) received usual care. Groups did not differ significantly over time on the primary outcome of depression, or on behavioural disturbances other than agitation, social engagement and quality of life. The secondary outcome of agitation was significantly reduced in the intervention group compared with controls over 26?weeks (time by group interaction adjusted for covariates: p=0.011). The mean difference in change from baseline to 26?weeks in Blom-transformed agitation scores after adjustment for covariates was 0.17 (95% CI 0.004 to 0.34, p=0.045). Conclusions Humour therapy did not significantly reduce depression but significantly reduced agitation. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry -ACTRN12611000462987. PMID:23315520

Low, Lee-Fay; Brodaty, Henry; Goodenough, Belinda; Spitzer, Peter; Bell, Jean-Paul; Fleming, Richard; Casey, Anne-Nicole; Liu, Zhixin; Chenoweth, Lynn

2013-01-01

253

Lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil and house dust in the communities surrounding the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds.  

PubMed Central

This study evaluated lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in the residential communities adjacent to the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds, the area considered Canada's worst contaminated site. The tar pond remediation policy has been limited to the site and some residential properties. We compared background concentrations in 91 soil samples taken 5-20 km from the coke oven site with those in soil samples from the three communities surrounding the tar ponds: Whitney Pier, Ashby, and North End. These surrounding communities were statistically different from background regarding arsenic, lead, and PAHs. Twenty percent of the background soil samples and 95% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian health-risk-based soil guidelines for arsenic (12 ppm), and 5% of the background samples and 80% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian guidelines for lead (140 ppm). Regarding dust lead and arsenic loading, the results provide no evidence that Whitney Pier is significantly different than Ashby and North End. Children in these communities are predicted to have a 1-15% chance of blood lead > 10 microg/dL. The results suggest that lead and arsenic found in the homes originate outside. The lead content of paint in the homes was not evaluated, but consideration of painted wood at the doorway did not confound the results of the study. The results indicate that the residential environment has been adversely affected by PAHs, lead, and arsenic and should be considered for remediation. PMID:14698928

Lambert, Timothy W; Lane, Stephanie

2004-01-01

254

Incorporation of Radon-222 as a parameter in ME-2 to improve apportionment of PM2.5 sources in the Sydney region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years source apportionment of observed PM2.5 has been improved by incorporating meteorological information as additional factors in receptor modelling studies using ME-2. In this study we replace one of these meteorological factors, namely, parameterisation by wind speed, with a parameterisation based on hourly observations of the naturally occurring terrestrial gas Radon-222 (radon), and compare results of the two parameterisations over five years at an inland site in the Greater Sydney Region. The efficacy of the wind speed and radon parameterisation techniques is assessed by comparing regressions between the daily contributions from identified elemental fingerprints estimated from the wind speed and radon multi-linear models against those obtained from the corresponding bi-linear model (while the two models are solved simultaneously). The radon parameterisation yielded improved regressions for all source fingerprints, most notably Smoke and Autos (r2 = 0.67 and 0.65, respectively, compared to 0.57 and 0.47 when the wind speed parameterisation was used). Both parameterisation schemes were equally effective in attributing PM2.5 to wind sectors known to contain sources characterised by the observed fingerprints. Our findings demonstrate that incorporating radon as a parameter in ME-2 can lead to an improved PM2.5 source apportionment than that obtained using meteorological parameters alone, particularly for inland sites with distributed sources.

Crawford, Jagoda; Cohen, David D.; Chambers, Scott; Williams, Alastair; Stelcer, Eduard

2013-12-01

255

Refugee Action Support: An Interventionist Pedagogy for Supporting Refugee Students' Learning in Greater Western Sydney Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the role of community, non-government organisations and universities in assisting secondary schools meet the needs of refugee students. On arrival in Australia, many African refugee communities experience high levels of stress particularly in adjusting to their new environment. The parents and students unfamiliarity with the…

Naidoo, Loshini

2013-01-01

256

Late HIV diagnosis of people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in Sydney: The role of culture and community  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia more than 85% of newly diagnosed HIV infections in 1999–2003 were homosexually acquired. In contrast, among people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds, there is a much higher proportion of heterosexual exposure and many of the heterosexually acquired infections are diagnosed ‘late’, with people sometimes presenting with symptoms of AIDS. This paper reports on circumstances of late HIV

H. Körner

2007-01-01

257

Impact of Drug Market Changes on Substance-Using Pregnant Women in Three Key Sydney Drug Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: In 2001 the supply of heroin was substantially reduced across Australia. Given the child protection concerns associated with the use of substances by pregnant women, it was pertinent to examine how the reduction in the supply of heroin affected this community of users. This paper aimed to assess the extent of any drug-related problems among pregnant women associated with

Elizabeth Conroy; Louisa Degenhardt; Carolyn Day

2007-01-01

258

Immigrants As Victims of Crime and Criminal Justice Discourse in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues related to immigrants as criminals or victims of crime resonate strongly in Australia because it has a relatively larger and more diverse immigrant population than most western countries. Focussing on Sydney, the aim of this article is to explore a number of aspects of immigrant victimology in Australia: immigrants as victims of crime; as victims of the fear of

Jock Collins

2007-01-01

259

Festivals, space and sexuality: gay pride in Australia \\/ [Festivals space and sexuality: Gay pride in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the emergence of gay pride festivals in Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide, in the wake of the emergence and consolidation of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras as one of the pre-eminent international tourism festivals staged in Australia. We argue that to understand the crucial role gay pride festivals play in processes of social change surrounding

Kevin Markwell; Gordon Waitt

2009-01-01

260

A large point-source outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium linked to chicken, pork and salad rolls from a Vietnamese bakery in Sydney  

PubMed Central

Introduction In January 2011, Sydney South West Public Health Unit was notified of a large number of people presenting with gastroenteritis over two days at a local hospital emergency department (ED). Methods Case-finding was conducted through hospital EDs and general practitioners, which resulted in the notification of 154 possible cases, from which 83 outbreak cases were identified. Fifty-eight cases were interviewed about demographics, symptom profile and food histories. Stool samples were collected and submitted for analysis. An inspection was conducted at a Vietnamese bakery and food samples were collected and submitted for analysis. Further case ascertainment occurred to ensure control measures were successful. Results Of the 58 interviewed cases, the symptom profile included diarrhoea (100%), fever (79.3%) and vomiting (89.7%). Salmonella Typhimurium multiple-locus-variable number tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) type 3–10–8-9–523 was identified in 95.9% (47/49) of stool samples. Cases reported consuming chicken, pork or salad rolls from a single Vietnamese bakery. Environmental swabs detected widespread contamination with Salmonella at the premises. Discussion This was a large point-source outbreak associated with the consumption of Vietnamese-style pork, chicken and salad rolls. These foods have been responsible for significant outbreaks in the past. The typical ingredients of raw egg butter or mayonnaise and pate are often implicated, as are the food-handling practices in food outlets. This indicates the need for education in better food-handling practices, including the benefits of using safer products. Ongoing surveillance will monitor the success of new food regulations introduced in New South Wales during 2011 for improving food-handling practices and reducing foodborne illness. PMID:23908908

Huhtinen, Essi; Conaty, Stephen; Hope, Kirsty; Campbell, Brett; Tegel, Marianne; Boyd, Rowena; Cullen, Beth

2012-01-01

261

Making Visible the First Women in Astronomy in Australia: The Measurers and Computers Employed for the Astrographic Catalogue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Australia a significant number of women were employed to measure and compute the position of stars for the Astrographic Catalogue at Adelaide, Sydney, Melbourne and Perth Observatories. New archival research has provided evidence that the first women employed in astronomy in Australia were engaged due to this project.

Stevenson, T.

262

Festivals, Space and Sexuality: Gay Pride in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the emergence of gay pride festivals in Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide, in the wake of the emergence and consolidation of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras as one of the pre-eminent international tourism festivals staged in Australia. We argue that to understand the crucial role gay pride festivals play in processes of social change surrounding

Kevin Markwell; Gordon Waitt

2009-01-01

263

Iodine Deficiency in Australia: Be Alarmed. Opinions & Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Iodine deficiency, the leading preventable cause of intellectual impairment in the world (World Health Organization, 1999), has reappeared in Australia. Recently, we identified the re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Sydney (Gunton, Hams, Fiegert & McElduff, 1999). This has been confirmed locally (Li, Ma, Boyages & Eastman, 2001) and…

McElduff, Aidan; Beange, Helen

2004-01-01

264

Sydney Catchment Authority Managing Biodiversity in the Sydney Water  

E-print Network

for Freshwater Ecology is a collaborative venture between: · ACTEW Corporation · CSIRO Land and Water of a Workshop held at Warragamba Conference Centre, 12th and 13th October 2000 Peter Cottingham CRC Freshwater Ecology Arthur Georges CRC Freshwater Ecology David Briscoe Macquarie University Rhonda Butcher CRC

Canberra, University of

265

Energy requirements of Sydney households  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supporting the lifestyles of the populations of modern cities requires vast quantities of natural resources and leads to environmental stresses such as air and water pollution. Research into the metabolism of cities therefore aims at understanding the physical flows into, within, and out of cities with a view to reducing the use of resources and the environmental impacts. One important

Manfred Lenzen; Christopher Dey; Barney Foran

266

Notre Dame student aims to score for Australia at the 2016 Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

A student from The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle Campus could be just a few years away from achieving her dream of representing Australia in water polo at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.\\u000aCathryn Earl, 19, recently returned from a four-day training camp in Sydney as part of an Australian water polo team comprising athletes born

Leigh Dawson

2012-01-01

267

Health advice given by general practitioners for travellers from Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of travel health advice and written documentation reported to be given by general practitioners to travellers from Australia.Design and setting: A postal questionnaire was sent to general practitioners (GPs).Participants: 433 GPs were randomly selected from the register of the Medical Directory of Australia from the areas of western Sydney and Townville.Results: Two hundred and thirteen

S Thava Seelan; Peter A Leggat

2003-01-01

268

Far away from home: the housing question and international students in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has become commonplace for scholars and education managers to talk of the globalisation of higher education. How to provide housing for the growing numbers of international students, however, remains contentious. This paper presents the situation in Australia by analysing the results of two large surveys and official reports published by student associations, housing authorities, the University of Sydney, and

Franklin Obeng-Odoom

2012-01-01

269

The Source of Anthropogenic Heavy Metals in Fluvial Sediments of a Rural Catchment: Coxs River, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A serious health scare involving thesupply of drinking water to Sydney, Australia hasrecently focussed attention on the environmentalstatus of river catchments of the main reservoir, LakeBurragorang. Although the Coxs River – a majorcatchment of Lake Burragorang – comprises mainlyforests and grazing land, it supports a moderate sizedtown, power stations and coal mines. The heavy metal content of stream-bed sedimentscharacterises environmental

Gavin Birch; Made Siaka; Christopher Owens

2001-01-01

270

Reuse of greywater for irrigation around homes in Australia: Understanding community views, issues and practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined people's views on a number of water issues and their motivation, practices and concerns about greywater reuse for irrigation of around homes. Survey participants (275) from different socio-economic background from 125 suburbs in the Western Sydney region, Australia took part in the study. Regardless of their age and gender, when asked which was the most important issue regarding

U. Pinto; B. L. Maheshwari

2010-01-01

271

Policing, crime and public healthLessons for Australia from the ‘New York miracle’  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the influence on policing in Sydney, Australia of the crime control strategies developed in New York City in the 1990s, which are popularly credited with having significantly reduced crime rates. The ‘New York miracle’ is considered as an ‘enthusiasm’, a positive relation of the moral panic. Claims that the NYPD reduced crime with a strategy based on

David Dixon; Lisa Maher

2005-01-01

272

The Association between Language Maintenance and Family Relations: Chinese Immigrant Children in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relevance of emotional and familial factors to language maintenance in immigrant families. Information on the family relations of 40 children from Chinese-speaking immigrant families in Sydney, Australia. Analysis revealed that children likely to use their parents' mother tongue were those who perceived their family to be more…

Tannenbaum, Michal; Howie, Pauline

2002-01-01

273

Isolation and characterisation of an H3N8 equine influenza virus in Australia, 2007.  

PubMed

Before 2007, equine influenza had never been diagnosed in Australia. On 22 August 2007, infection was confirmed in horses at Eastern Creek Animal Quarantine Station near Sydney. The virus subsequently isolated (A/equine/Sydney/2888-8/2007) was confirmed by sequence analysis of the haemagglutinin (HA) gene as an H3 virus of the variant American Florida lineage that is now referred to as Clade 1. The HA sequence of the virus was identical to that of a virus isolated from a contemporaneous outbreak in Japan and showed high homology to viruses circulating in North America. PMID:21711282

Watson, J; Halpin, K; Selleck, P; Axell, A; Bruce, K; Hansson, E; Hammond, J; Daniels, P; Jeggo, M

2011-07-01

274

Conference on the Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, 3rd, University of Sydney, Australia, February 11-15, 1985, Proceedings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various papers on the ionosphere and radio wave propagation are presented. The subjects discussed include: day-to-day variability in foF2 at low latitudes over a solar cycle; semiempirical, low-latitude ionospheric model; remote sensing with the Jindalee skywave radar; photographic approach to irregularities in the 80-100 km region; interference of radio waves in a CW system; study of the F-region characteristics at Waltair; recent developments in the international reference ionosphere; research-oriented ionosonde with directional capabilities; and ionospheric forecasting for specific applications. Also addressed are: experimental and theoretical techniques for the equatorial F region; empirical models of ionospheric electron concentration; the Jindalee ionospheric sounding system; a semiempirical midlatitude ionospheric model; Es structure using an HF radar; short-term variations in f0F2 and IEC; nonreciprocity in Omega propagation observed at middle latitudes; propagation management for no acknowledge HF links; new techniques in ionospheric sounding and studies; and lunar effects in the ionospheric F region.

Cole, D. G.; McNamara, L. F.

1985-12-01

275

In Proc. of IEEE Globecom'98, Sydney, Australia, November 812, 1998 AN APPROACH TO PRICING AND RESOURCE SHARING  

E-print Network

Union under ACTS Project CASHMAN (AC­039). y Also with the Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Crete Institute of Computer Science (ICS) Foundation for Research and Technology ­ Hellas (FORTH) P.O. Box 1385) in order to achieve economically fair resource sharing. Experiments demonstrate how our approach can dif

Siris, Vasilios A.

276

The UniversiTy of new soUTh wales | sydney | aUsTralia Research Strength  

E-print Network

& oceanography Ã? Conservation Biology & Biodiversity Ã? sustainable Cities Ã? Genomics WAteR, enviRonMent AnD s Division of Research #12;Contents ReseaRch at a glance 02 04 Biomedical sciences 06 Water, environmentReas of ReseaRch stRength Biomedical sciences Water, environment and sustainability next generation Materials

New South Wales, University of

277

The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion: findings from the Cycling Connecting Communities project in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Encouraging cycling is an important way to increase physical activity in the community. The Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project is a community-based cycling promotion program that included a range of community engagement and social marketing activities, such as organised bike rides and events, cycling skills courses, the distribution of cycling maps of the area and coverage in the local

Chris E Rissel; Carolyn New; Li Ming Wen; Dafna Merom; Adrian E Bauman; Jan Garrard

2010-01-01

278

ACAL National Conference (Sydney, Australia, October 9-11, 1992). Conference Papers, Vol. 3, Workshops with a Local NSW Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third of three volumes of the 1992 Australian Council for Adult Literacy (ACAL) Conference Papers is a special edition of "Literacy and Numeracy Exchange." It includes nine papers from workshops with a more local New South Wales focus. "Literacy, Language, and Numeracy in the Workplace in the Context of Industry Restructuring" (Ursula…

Literacy & Numeracy Exchange, 1992

1992-01-01

279

In Proceedings of APSEC 2010 Cloud Workshop, Sydney, Australia, 30th An Analysis of The Cloud Computing Security Problem  

E-print Network

of The Cloud Computing Security Problem Mohamed Al Morsy, John Grundy and Ingo Müller Computer Science to adopt IT without upfront investment. Despite the potential gains achieved from the cloud computing solution. Keywords: cloud computing; cloud computing security; cloud computing security management. I

Grundy, John

280

Serologic Survey for Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in the Common Brushtail Possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) from Urban Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) has well adapted to increasing urbanization, resulting in greater interaction with humans and their domestic pets. Wildlife species in urban areas face a higher risk of exposure to zoonotic pathogens and may be affected by parasites hosted by cats (Toxoplasma gondii) or dogs (Neospora caninum), yet it is unknown to what extent urban T.

Jutta Eymann; Catherine A. Herbert; Desmond W. Cooper; J. P. Dubey

2006-01-01

281

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 202-  

E-print Network

will cycle from need to use to need, and grow. The father's education differences, the gender differences Systems of Harvey and Gore. In particular, different types of technology showed that different demographic issues were important. The most interesting demographic effects were those of gender, father's education

Thomas, Richard C.

282

Application of Sediment Quality Guidelines in the Assessment and Management of Contaminated Surficial Sediments in Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour), Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sediments in the Port Jackson estuary are polluted by a wide range of toxicants and concentrations are among the highest reported\\u000a for any major harbor in the world. Sediment quality guidelines (SQGs), developed by the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric\\u000a Administration (NOAA) in the United States are used to estimate possible adverse biological effects of sedimentary contaminants\\u000a in Port Jackson to

Gavin F. Birch; Stuart E. Taylor

2002-01-01

283

Patterns of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Associated with Major Depression among Gay Men Attending General Practices in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our aim was to clarify the role of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use in major depression among gay men attending general medical practices. A secondary analysis was conducted on survey data collected from 531 gay men attending high-HIV-caseload general practices in Adelaide and Sydney, Australia. The survey contained demographic, social,…

Holt, Martin; Bryant, Joanne; Newman, Christy E.; Paquette, Dana M.; Mao, Limin; Kidd, Michael R.; Saltman, Deborah C.; Kippax, Susan C.

2012-01-01

284

Is Risk Associated with Drinking Water in Australia of Significant Concern to Justify Mandatory Regulation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presently in Australia there are no mandatory drinking water standards. Here we argue that the risk associated with drinking\\u000a water in Australia is of a dimension discernible to warrant mandatory regulations. The catchments that supply the major metropolitan\\u000a areas of Sydney and Adelaide, and the groundwater for the city of Perth have been seriously compromised by the encroachment\\u000a of development

JENNIFER McKAY; ANTHONY MOELLER

2001-01-01

285

Was an increase in cocaine use among injecting drug users in New South Wales, Australia, accompanied by an increase in violent crime?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A sharp reduction in heroin supply in Australia in 2001 was followed by a large but transient increase in cocaine use among injecting drug users (IDU) in Sydney. This paper assesses whether the increase in cocaine use among IDU was accompanied by increased rates of violent crime as occurred in the United States in the 1980s. Specifically, the paper

Louisa Degenhardt; Carolyn Day; Wayne Hall; Elizabeth Conroy; Stuart Gilmour

2005-01-01

286

Recycling of construction and demolition materials as part of the waste minimization strategy in the Sydney Basin and possible lessons for the Himalayas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of New South Wales Government in Australia actively pursues a policy of waste minimization as part of an effort to promote ecologically sustainable development within the state. The waste minimization strategy is developed within a framework in which resource recovery including re-use, reprocessing, recycling and energy recovery are being encouraged. Construction and demolition materials, which is conservatively estimated

Nathan Gambin; Chin Leo; Ataur Rahman

287

Sharing beliefs: What sexuality means to Muslim Iranian women living in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Iran, women's sexual self?understandings are strongly determined by religious teaching. This study explores the meanings generated through the lived experience of sexuality of women residing in Australia that may challenge certain received Islamic notions of sexuality. Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 51 Iranian women in Sydney alongside 10 semi?structured interviews with Shi'ite clergy in Iran. Findings

Effat Merghati Khoei; Anna Whelan; Jeffrey Cohen

2008-01-01

288

Patterns of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Associated with Major Depression Among Gay Men Attending General Practices in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim was to clarify the role of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use in major depression among gay men attending general medical\\u000a practices. A secondary analysis was conducted on survey data collected from 531 gay men attending high-HIV-caseload general\\u000a practices in Adelaide and Sydney, Australia. The survey contained demographic, social, behavioural and AOD variables. Participants\\u000a were classified into those

Martin Holt; Joanne Bryant; Christy E. Newman; Dana M. Paquette; Limin Mao; Michael R. Kidd; Deborah C. Saltman; Susan C. Kippax

289

EARLY OFFER YEAR 12 ACCESS SYDNEY  

E-print Network

12 will be assessed by a selection panel and some courses require the student to attend an interview (E12) scheme shifts focus from the ATAR alone, giving students the opportunity to show us more about themselves. If successful for E12 entry, your students will receive an early conditional offer for one

Viglas, Anastasios

290

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL  

E-print Network

and operational ways of reducing the environmental footprint of ports and maritime logistics. Attention is also authority and investor perspectives. In particular, it covers the economics, logistics, management, public bodies and shipping lines, while terminal operating systems, port community systems and vehicle

Viglas, Anastasios

291

Mutant Mobilities: Backpacker Tourism in ‘Global’ Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the complex mobilities of contemporary backpackers. Backpackers are not just tourists; they are also frequently students, working holidaymakers, highly skilled professional workers, and even, at times, long?term semi?permanent residents. How to define this group of physically and conceptually mobile travellers is often problematic, especially for local authorities. It is difficult to discern what cultural space and identity

Fiona Allon; Kay Anderson; Robyn Bushell

2008-01-01

292

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL  

E-print Network

on the workings of transportation systems pertaining to all modes of transport including cars, trucks, trains for examining travel behaviour, forecasting future traffic conditions, and evaluating different transport congestion, and if so, how? Can high- speed train connections complement air traffic? How can new technology

Viglas, Anastasios

293

On Local Spatial Outliers University of Sydney  

E-print Network

years in recorded history. Also notice that the relationship between SOI and El Ni~no is sharper than to a better understanding and prediction of global weather patterns known as El Ni~no and La Ni as El Ni~no. The opposite phenomenon, i.e., when SOI is two or more standard devia- tions above the mean

Chawla, Sanjay

294

Early Pulsar Observations in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The news about the discovery of the pulsar CP1919 reached Australia soon after the Hewish et al. publication in Nature came out at the end of February 1968. Immediately the Parkes radio telescope was transferred from scheduled observations to observe this new exciting object. Since pulsars have steep spectra, low radio frequency receivers were needed that were not supported by the Radiophysics Division of the CSIRO. As a result I, a staff member of the School of Electrical Engineering, Sydney University, was asked to come with my low-frequency receivers to Parkes and join in the first observations. Later the Molonglo Mills Cross radio telescope showed its suitability to pulsar discoveries and became involved in a number of important discoveries. New additional equipment aimed for the reception of pulsating signals had to be constructed in a hurry. In my talk I will cover the period 1968 to 1970 when I left Sydney for the Max-Planck-Institute in Bonn with its 100-m radio telescope.

Wielebinski, R.

2012-12-01

295

A short history of veterinary education in Australia: the 120-year transition from education for a trade to education for a profession.  

PubMed

World Veterinary Year in 2011 celebrates the 250th anniversary of the establishment of the first modern veterinary school at Lyon in France. To put veterinary education in Australia in its historical context, the veterinary school at Lyon was established nine years before the British had discovered the east coast of Australia in 1770, and 27 years before a shipment of convicts transported from overcrowded gaols in England had arrived in Sydney in 1788. This paper discusses the development of veterinary education in Australia from that time to the present day. PMID:24635629

Caple, I W

2011-08-01

296

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 173-184.  

E-print Network

(or even ironically dystopian) images and narratives might be seen as the latest and uniquely global: Emerging Utopian vs Dystopian Images of Cyberspace In contrast to dominant perceptions of global computer perceived the new technology. However, there was an immediate `dystopian' backlash to such a vision

Thomas, Richard C.

297

International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer - 15th World Conference on Lung Cancer (October 27-31, 2013 - Sydney, Australia).  

PubMed

The 15th World Conference on Lung Cancer, organized by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), launched the association's celebration of its 40th year promoting research into lung cancer. This year's congress saw highlights from groundbreaking research in several areas, including surgery, radiation oncology, chemo-therapy, immunotherapy, imaging and screening, prevention and epidemiology, and supportive care, with a record number of delegates in attendance. This report focuses on highlights from a poster, oral and mini oral sessions covering from several tracks. PMID:24524099

Walker, K

2013-12-01

298

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 1-17.  

E-print Network

"Nothing human is alien to me." (Terence, 180-155 BCE) Western Humanists from Montaigne through Marx have. This ancient Stoic conception finds powerful expression in the contemporary vision of `the electronic global

Thomas, Richard C.

299

Proceedings of ICAD 04 -The Tenth International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 THE AUDIO ABACUS: REPRESENTING A WIDE RANGE OF VALUES  

E-print Network

Institute of Technology, 654 Cherry Street Atlanta, GA, USA 30332-0170 bruce to design such displays to support a range of analysis tasks. For example, Flowers and Hauer [10] found with a musical note. Flowers, Buhman, and Turnage [11] found that auditory scatter plots are effective

300

School of Mathematics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA  

E-print Network

and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA Numerical simulation RESolution model), is employed to simulate the cut-off low of August 31 to September 2, 1997. The modeling-off low system and its associated precipitation. The impact of an improved, explicit physics scheme

Wang, Yuqing

301

IAU, Asian-Pacific Regional Astronomy Meeting, 5th, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, July 16-20, 1990, Proceedings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present conference on a range of astronomical issues encompasses extragalactic astronomy, galactic structure with attention to the interstellar medium, comets and the solar system, solar astronomy, stellar evolution, supernovae with emphasis on SN 1987A, instrumentation for space observatories, and the role of prediction and theory in science and issues of their relevance to the general public. Specific issues addressed include NIR and optical observations of SN 1987A, molecules in the sun, a large-area quasar survey, the prospects for an Antarctic observatory, the geometry of the SMC, the dust opacity of spiral galaxies, and mass loss in dwarf galaxies. Also addressed are powerful radio sources in galactic clusters, X-ray observations of SN 1987A, evidence for large grains in the dust shell of AG Carinae, the Galactic magnetic field from pulsar rotation measures, photometric and spectroscopic analyses of cool H-deficient C stars, and a targeted approach to astronomy and astrophysics.

Ashley, M. C. B.; Couch, Warrick J.; Caswell, J. L.; Hunstead, R. W.; Proust, Katrina M.

302

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 289-316.  

E-print Network

An Application Of Uses And Gratifications Theory DIANE F. WITMER AND CHUTATIP TAWEESUK Department business communi- cators. It applies uses and gratifications theory, which addresses the attitudes and behaviors that have been identified with television viewing motives, to new communication technologies

Thomas, Richard C.

303

Differences between men who report frequent, occasional or no unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners among a cohort of HIV-seronegative gay men in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research on unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners (UAIC) contrasts those who report no UAIC with any UAIC. This paper examines differences among three groups of men who had any UAIC on the basis of the number of UAIC acts reported in a six-month period, namely no UAIC (n?=?507), occasional UAIC (1–5 acts, n?=?251) and frequent UAIC (more than

L. Mao; J. Crawford; P. Van De Ven; G. Prestage; A. Grulich; J. Kaldor; S. Kippax

2006-01-01

304

The International Congress of the International Council on Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (13th, Sydney, Australia, July 30-August 3, 1970).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of the 1970 Congress of the International Council on Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (ICHPER), where the papers in this collection originated, was "New Endeavors in Health, Physical Education and Recreation." After the opening and the presidential address, there are three papers listed under the heading "General:""How Standard…

International Council on Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

305

Bibliographical Services to the Nation: The Next Decade. Proceedings of a Conference (Sydney, Australia, August 26-27, 1980). Development of Resource Sharing Networks. Networks Study No. 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As organized by the Working Party on Bibliography of the Australian Advisory Council on Bibliographical Services, this conference brings together librarians and bibliographers to examine Australian national requirements for bibliographic services and control. Seven conference sessions provide discussions of the Australian National Bibliography…

Borchardt, D. H., Ed.; Thawley, John, Ed.

306

Is there a role for workplaces in reducing employees' driving to work? Findings from a cross-sectional survey from inner-west Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The role of workplaces in promoting active travel (walking, cycling or using public transport) is relatively unexplored. This study explores the potential for workplaces to reduce employees' driving to work in order to inform the development of workplace interventions for promoting active travel. METHODS: An analysis of a cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from parents\\/guardians whose children participated

Li Ming Wen; James Kite; Chris Rissel

2010-01-01

307

Drug use and risk behaviours among injecting drug users: a comparison between sex workers and non-sex workers in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper examines the differences in demographics, drug use patterns and self reported risk behaviours between regular injecting drug users (IDU) who report engaging in sex work for money or drugs and regular injecting drug users who do not. METHODS: Cross sectional data collected from regular IDU interviewed as part of the New South Wales (NSW) Illicit Drug Reporting

Amanda Roxburgh; Louisa Degenhardt; Courtney Breen

2005-01-01

308

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 196-201.  

E-print Network

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology, such as "sexual harassment, gender-switching, electronic cads who break women's hearts, flaming and other abuses

Thomas, Richard C.

309

Proceedings of ICAD 04 -The Tenth International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 Auditory Navigation Performance is Affected by Waypoint Capture Radius  

E-print Network

beacon cues. Performance differed across the capture radius conditions. Further, there was a speed such as smoke or darkness, the fundamental task of navigating through our environment can become a major smoke, fog, darkness, fire, or other environmental conditions prevent them from seeing their immediate

310

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 189-192.  

E-print Network

, as well as some pornography were reviewed. Members of the Israeli Knesset (parliament) were shocked and astounded -- not by the pornography, but rather by the fact that "classified" information was readily

Thomas, Richard C.

311

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 207-230.  

E-print Network

people from different cultures will use them, and how diverse cultural attitudes are likely to affectC. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology Mexico Albuquerque, N.M. 87131-1171 USA Abstract. The past decade has seen the development

Thomas, Richard C.

312

Research in Science Education. Volume 12. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australian Science Education Research Association (13th, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, May 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a selection of science education research papers, beginning with an overview of trends in science education cognitive developmental research and theory in the United Kingdom. Papers that follow focus on developments in studies of thinking and reasoning, including work on concept mapping and conceptual change. Closely…

Rattray-Wood, Laurie, Ed.; Ferguson, Peter, Ed.

1982-01-01

313

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 321-326.  

E-print Network

on the effects at an organisational level; most of the work deals with individuals and groups. From the viewpoint with the issues of media choice and media effects. There are three theories in the mainstream of the former in messages and media (Trevino et al., 1990). In the latter, we find reduced social cues (Sproull and Kiesler

Thomas, Richard C.

314

Proceedings of ICAD 04 -The Tenth International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 Creating Functional and Livable Soundscapes for Peripheral Monitoring  

E-print Network

.walker@psych.gatech.edu ABSTRACT Sonifications must be studied in order to match listener expectancies about data representation in the form of sound. In this study, a system was designed and implemented for dynamically rendering-listening environment for evaluation as a stand-alone system and in comparison to their preferred tools. 1. INTRODUCTION

315

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 193-195.  

E-print Network

of new social and cultural spaces of interaction for daily life. This symbolic and cultural meeting interviews. 1. Approaching the Symbolic Dimension of Virtual Life The present work has as a principal goal group life framed in the Latin American context. Using a comparative ethnographic study of several Latin

Thomas, Richard C.

316

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 100-115.  

E-print Network

- historical theory of psychic development. Among the fundamentally basic notions that Vygotsky introduced for human psychic development, for acquiring culture norms and correct behavior patterns. Culture psychic development. Information technologies ("high tech") represent the newest and perhaps the most

Thomas, Richard C.

317

Time spent playing outdoors after school and its relationship with independent mobility: a cross-sectional survey of children aged 10–12 years in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Time spent outdoors is positively associated with physical activity and has been suggested as a proxy for physical activity of children. The role of children's independence in physical activity and time spent outdoors is less understood. This study aimed to assess how much time children spent playing outdoors after school, and to explore the relationship between outdoor play and

Li Ming Wen; James Kite; Dafna Merom; Chris Rissel

2009-01-01

318

Use of sedimentary metals to predict metal concentrations in black mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) tissue and risk to human health (Sydney estuary, Australia).  

PubMed

Filter-feeding bivalves have been used extensively as an indicator of ecosystem condition and in management of estuarine environments. The current study aimed to determine whether sedimentary metals could predict metal concentrations in tissue of filter-feeding mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) and to identify areas of the estuary where mussel consumption posed a human health risk. Mussel tissue Cu and Zn concentrations (wet weight) were below guideline values for human consumption in all parts of the waterway, whereas Pb tissue concentrations exceed these guidelines (2.0 ?g?g(-1) wet weight) in the upper reaches of some embayments of the estuary. Concentrations of Cu and Pb in the fine fraction (<62.5 ?m) of bottom sediment reasonably predicted concentrations (dry weight) of these metals in mussel tissue (r (2)?=0.460 and p=0.001 and r (2)?=0.669 and p<0.0001, respectively) as these materials are resuspendable and available to filter-feeding estuarine animals, whereas total sediment and mussel tissue were poorly related. Lead concentrations (>350 ?g?g(-1)) in fine sediments indicated areas of this estuary where human health was at risk due to high tissue concentrations of this metal. These results give encouragement for the use of the metal concentration in fine sediments as an indicator of estuarine condition and risk to human health in this waterway. Mussels were distributed in all parts of the estuary, even in areas where metal concentrations exceeded sediment quality guidelines. PMID:23430733

Birch, G F; Apostolatos, C

2013-08-01

319

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 21-33.  

E-print Network

of electricity, and can be most easily recognized in the work of Nikola Tesla (Cheney, 1981). In the late 1890s Tesla envisioned a world linked by electricity. He proposed the development of a global electrical network to facilitate communication. Tesla believed that anything could be coded into electrical impulses

Thomas, Richard C.

320

Fog and rainwater composition in rural SE Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study of fog and rainwater quality was conducted in order to ascertain whether pollutants from the Wollongong-Sydney-Newcastle industrial region of Australia can be transported to the north, thereby affecting precipitation chemistry. Precipitation samples from two different sites were analyzed for cations, sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and ammonium, as well as for the anions of chloride, nitrate, sulfate, methanesulfonate, formate, and acetate, and for pH and conductivity. Fog and rainwater at both sites are not polluted; acidity is only slightly greater than background, and concentrations of anthropogenic pollutants are very low. Sea-salt accounts for most of the ionic loading.

Post, David; Bridgman, Howard A.; Ayers, G. P.

1991-07-01

321

Medicine in colonial Australia, 1788-1900.  

PubMed

For the first five decades of European settlement in Australia, medical care for convicts and free settlers was provided by the Colonial Medical Service. After about 1850, as population and wealth grew markedly, there was significant professional development based on private practice. Except in Victoria, medical societies and journals did not become solidly established until late in the 19th century. The advent of local British Medical Association branches was an important factor in this consolidation. In the first few years of the colony, mortality was very high, but the common childhood infections were absent until the 1830s. From the 1880s, there was a sustained decline in mortality from communicable diseases, and therefore in aggregate mortality, while maternal mortality remained high. Australian practitioners quickly took up advances in practice from overseas, such as antisepsis and diphtheria antitoxin. They shared in the international growth in the status of medicine, which was conferred by the achievements of bacteriology in particular. From 1813, students were apprenticed in Sydney and Hobart and then travelled to Britain to obtain corporate qualifications. Medical schools were ultimately opened in the new universities in Melbourne (in 1862), Sydney (1883) and Adelaide (1885). The first female student was admitted to medicine in Sydney in 1885. Medical politics were intense. The outlawing of practice by unorthodox practitioners proved to be an unattainable goal. In the latter half of the 19th century, doctors saw chemists as unfair competitors for patients. The main medicopolitical struggle was with the mutual-aid friendly societies, which funded basic medical care for a significant proportion of the population until well into the 20th century. The organised profession set out to overcome the power of the lay-controlled societies in imposing an unacceptable contract system on doctors, even if, historically, the guaranteed income was a sine qua non of practice in poorer areas. PMID:25047777

Lewis, Milton J

2014-07-01

322

the(sydney) & (melbourne) magazine the(sydney) & (melbourne)magazine  

E-print Network

desirable group of discerning consumers who are difficult to reach via other media. Profile* 52% METRO 45 clothes, footwear, cosmetics or perfume in the last 4 weeks. · Our readers are 31% more likely to have: 378,000 TMM: 329,000 48% Source: *emmaTM,conducted by Ipsos MediaCT, people 14+ for the period ending

Peters, Richard

323

Water Ecosystem Services in Northern Australia--How Much Are They Worth and Who Should Pay for Their Provision?  

PubMed Central

There is ongoing pressure to develop the largely unaltered Daly River catchment in northern Australia for agriculture. However, a choice experiment among people in the region and in Australia’s largest city, Sydney, shows that people are prepared to pay substantial amounts to maintain the quality of its ecosystem services. The total stated willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a Daly River conservation programme was about $300, of which people would be willing to pay over half ($161) if the programme retained waterholes for Aboriginal people in good condition. The WTP for high quality recreational fishing and biodiversity values was $120 and $91 respectively. Using the average cost of a recreational fishing license in Australia ($35) as a basis for grounding the stated preferences in empirical values, as well as the cost of park entry fees and the amount of support society provides to agriculture in Australia, the total amount that the 110,000 people in the region are likely to be willing to pay for the retention of the values in the Daly River catchment is about $6 million, while the 4.5 million people in Sydney would be willing to pay about $81 million. A significant finding in this research is that, while fishing, biodiversity and agricultural values all have equivalents in the market economy, the value for which people were willing to pay most, the cultural value, has no equivalent at all and is thus receives almost no investment. PMID:23717611

Zander, Kerstin K.; Parkes, Rowena; Straton, Anna; Garnett, Stephen T.

2013-01-01

324

Proceedings of Acoustics 2012 -Fremantle 21-23 November 2012, Fremantle, Australia Australian Acoustical Society 1  

E-print Network

Acoustical Society 1 Stable, quantised pitch in singing and instrumental music: signals, acoustics Wales, Sydney, 2052 (2) School of the Arts and Media, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052 that this influence on song is similarly ancient. We argue that, through the generational transmission of memes

New South Wales, University of

325

Supporting a healthy culture: results of the practice environment scale, australia in a magnet®designated hospital.  

PubMed

The Magnet Recognition Program® requires evidence that nursing practice environments support staff to provide optimal care, access professional development opportunities, and participate in hospital affairs. The research presented in this article aimed to assess clinical nurses' work environment at a recently designated, private Magnet® hospital in Sydney, Australia. Authors compare results with baseline data collected for a gap analysis before application for recognition. The outcomes challenge previously reported data suggesting that hospitals on the journey to Magnet recognition outperform already designated hospitals in this respect. PMID:25393142

Walker, Kim; Fitzgerald, Katherine; Duff, Jed

2014-12-01

326

Inhibitor of REL/NF-KappaB is regulated in Sydney rock oysters in response to specific double-stranded RNA and Vibrio alginolyticus, but the major immune anti-oxidants EcSOD and Prx6 are non-inducible.  

PubMed

Invertebrates, such as oysters have mechanisms to recognize different microbial associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) and recognition of these antigens triggers signaling pathways for the transcription of immune-related proteins. Components of the Rel/NF-(capital KA, Cyrillic)B pathway have been identified in mollusks but the role of different MAMPs in the activation of this pathway is poorly understood. In the current study, the Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) was injected intramuscularly with a range of different MAMPs. Oysters were sampled over a 24 h period and the difference in expression of genes associated with immunity was determined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) using RNA extracted from hemocytes. The results showed that oysters can discriminate between different nucleic acids and double-stranded RNA sequences for activation of the Rel/NF-(capital KA, Cyrillic)B pathway in S. glomerata. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) up-regulated expression of inhibitor of Rel/NF-(capital KA, Cyrillic)B (I(capital KA, Cyrillic)B) by 26-fold and interferon-inhibiting cytokine (IK) by 2.2-fold, whereas polycytidylic acid-polyguanylic acid (poly G:C) and double stranded Vibrio alginolyticus genomic DNA (dsDNA) did not. I(capital KA, Cyrillic)B was also up-regulated 3.8-fold higher for oysters stimulated with V. alginolyticus bacterial cells suggesting that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) also activates the Rel/NF-(capital KA, Cyrillic)B pathway. The expressions of extracellular superoxide dismutase (EcSOD) and peroxiredoxin 6 (Prx6) were not significantly affected by dsRNA, dsDNA or V. alginolyticus bacterial cells suggesting that these two genes, previously demonstrated to be important in the resistance of S. glomerata to disease are not directly inducible by these MAMPs. This is the first study investigating differences in expression kinetics of immune genes in response to challenge from different MAMPs in this economically important bivalve species. PMID:19464374

Green, Timothy J; Barnes, Andrew C

2009-08-01

327

Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australia is an island continent in the southern hemisphere of 7.7 million square kilometers and a population of 20 million\\u000a (2004) clustered in coastal centers with high urban concentration. It has a stable polity and developed economy, producing\\u000a 1.4% of the world’s GDP (2003). Australia originated in six separate British colonies established after 1788 on the basis\\u000a of the dispossession,

Simon Marginson

328

Australia.  

PubMed

The smallest continent and one of the largest countries, Australia is a country of diverse geographical conditions and differing cultures of people unified by one predominant language and political system. Mountains, desert and rivers are some of the varying landscape features of Australia, although the climate and condition for most of the country is tropical. Original Australians, a hunting-gathering people called Aborigines, came to Australia over 38,000 years ago. Today the Aborigines compose about 1% of the population and live in traditional tribal areas as well as cities. The 1st European settlement came in 1788 from Great Britain. After World War II, the population doubled. Although the population is primarily composed of British and Irish immigrants, immigrants from other European countries such as Italy and Greece as well as refugees from Indochina, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos are a significant factor to the growing Australian population. Australian and Aboriginal culture has took hold and took notice in the areas of opera, art, literature and film. The Australian Commonwealth is based on a constitution similar to that of the United States government. The National Parliament is bicameral with both the Senate and the House of Representatives having a select number of elected officials from each state and territory. The Australian economy is predominantly reliant on the sale of mineral and agricultural exports. History, economic changes, defense, international relations and notes to the traveler are also discussed in this overview of Australia. PMID:12177993

1989-03-01

329

Computational Design of an Gliadin Peptidase Sydney R. Gordon,,  

E-print Network

protein design tools to reengineer its specificity toward immunogenic elements found in gluten a 116- fold greater proteolytic activity for a model gluten tetrapeptide than the native template enzyme, as well as an over 800-fold switch in substrate specificity toward immunogenic portions of gluten peptides

Baker, David

330

UAC 201314 Guide 365 University of Technology, Sydney  

E-print Network

north (Lindfield), UTS Kuring-gai Campus offers Business, Health, Education, Events, Sports, Tourism undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Architecture and the Built Environment, Business, Communication to future employers in industry and the professions Industry professionals feed into curriculum to ensure

New South Wales, University of

331

Sydney and Melbourne This special issue celebrates our  

E-print Network

, scientists to sports stars and chefs to CEOs. Selected by an expert panel, our Top 100 have all changed. We plan to celebrate this in style by showcasing some of the best work from the magazine's history with some of the key people who've been part of the magazine's history and can reflect on its impact

Peters, Richard

332

ISSN1834-3937 Sydney FeStival  

E-print Network

-22 Emmylou Harris & her Red Dirt Boys State Theatre, January 9 & 10 January 8-30 The Red Shoes Kneehigh Theatre York Theatre, Seymour Centre, January 18-30 An Evening of Chamber Music with Philip Glass & Wendy Michael Marmot's impact on world health 21 COVER STORY Illustrious alumnae Anne Schofield and Vivian Chan

Viglas, Anastasios

333

Supporting Refugee Students in School Education in Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rarely do refugee students entering Australian schools possess the multiple forms of social, linguistic and cultural capital that are taken for granted in mainstream classrooms. While refugees of high-school age are assisted initially through Intensive English Centres (IECs), the transition from IECs to mainstream classrooms presents substantial…

Ferfolja, Tania; Vickers, Margaret

2010-01-01

334

112 UAC 201314 International Booklet NORTH SYDNEY CAMPUS  

E-print Network

a higher education provider and a vocational education provider. It was originally established by business, public relations, marketing and management. A leader in private education Think: Education Group provides of Beauty and Jansen Newman Institute. Think: Education Group was awarded the Higher Education Provider

New South Wales, University of

335

UAC 2013 International Booklet 113 International College of Management, Sydney  

E-print Network

, international tourism, property management, sports management and retail marketing. At ICMS you will experience training At ICMS there is a strong belief that the best learning combines practical work with a strong equips students with the knowledge and skills to rise to the top of their chosen professions. Each course

New South Wales, University of

336

Annual Report, 1972. Department of Adult Education, University of Sydney.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report lists the membership for various department-related groups. Following introductory remarks by Director D. W. Crowley, the report lists the replacements on the Joint Committee for Tutorial Classes and the University Extension Board and cites the professional activities of some of the members of the academic staff. The transfer of the…

Sydney Univ. (Australia). Dept. of Adult Education.

337

Improving Student Retention: A University of Western Sydney Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retention at university matters. It matters morally, as we know the life chances of people who complete a degree are dramatically improved. It matters financially, as students who leave a university before graduation take their fees with them. And it matters nationally, as the higher the education level of the population, the greater the nation's levels of productivity and innovation.

GEOFF SCOTT; MAHSOOD SHAH; LEONID GREBENNIKOV; HARMANPREET SINGH

2008-01-01

338

ISSN1834-3937 Sydney FeStival  

E-print Network

came across the memoir of a press secretary to five Victorian Premiers, which had been thrown out of information on Victorian politics from the '30s to the '50s. Not everything is, or will be put or kept, on the internet. Libraries exist to preserve unread treasures as well as today's academically fashionable tomes

Viglas, Anastasios

339

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A1 APPENDIX A: UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY OVERVIEW  

E-print Network

Facilities 5.8 Grounds 6. The Vernon and McRae Period 1900-Post-WWI 6.1 Overall Planning of the University 6.8 Women's Sporting Facilities 7. The Wilkinson Era - 1920s - WWII 7.1 Recovery after WWI 7.2 Professor

Viglas, Anastasios

340

Sustaining dignity? Food insecurity in homeless young people in urban Australia.  

PubMed

Issue addressed Food insecurity is recognised as an increasing problem in disadvantaged and marginalised groups. The aim of this study was to investigate issues associated with food insecurity and nutrition in young people experiencing, or at risk of, homelessness in metropolitan Australia. Methods Eight focus group discussions were conducted with 48 young people (aged between 15 and 25 years) in specialist homelessness services in central and south-western Sydney. Results Participants described daily experiences of food insecurity, persistent hunger and poverty. Structural barriers to food security and nutrition were identified and included poverty and reduced physical access to fresh foods. Participants also described a desire to save time, for convenience and to be socially connected. Despite the hardships and the chaos of youth homelessness, the groups were defined by their strength of character, resilience and hope for the future. Conclusion Homeless young people within central and south-western Sydney report varying degrees of food insecurity, despite being supported by specialist youth homelessness services. So what? A collaborative, multistrategic approach with youth participation is required to further enhance the capacity of youth services to improve food security, food access and the availability of nutritious foods for homeless young people. A greater focus on advocacy and policy action is also required to bring food security and nutrition to the forefront of national efforts to improve the health and welfare of disadvantaged groups. PMID:25131381

Crawford, Belinda; Yamazaki, Rowena; Franke, Elise; Amanatidis, Sue; Ravulo, Jioji; Steinbeck, Kate; Ritchie, Jan; Torvaldsen, Siranda

2014-09-01

341

VET [Vocational Education and Training] Research: Influencing Policy & Practice. Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association (AVETRA) (1st, Sydney, Australia, February 16-17, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings consist of 46 papers on the influence of vocational education and training (VET) research on policy and practice. These papers are grouped into these categories: impact of research; equity in participation; partnerships and stakeholders; practice and practitioners; research and policy; learning, work, and organizations; and VET,…

McIntyre, John, Ed.; Barrett, Mary, Ed.

342

Using Computers Intelligently in Tertiary Education. A Collection of Papers Presented to the Australian Society for Computers in Learning (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, November 29-December 3, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 63 papers in this collection include two keynote addresses: "Patient Simulation Using Interactive Video: An Application" (Joseph V. Henderson), and "Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Practice Opportunities and Explanatory Models" (Alan Lesgold). The remaining papers are grouped under five topics: (1) Artificial Intelligence, including intelligent…

Barrett, John, Ed.; Hedberg, John, Ed.

343

Practical Approaches to Resolving Behaviour Problems. Selected Papers from the National Conference on Practical Approaches to Resolving Behaviour Problems (2nd, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, July 1990). Programs Implementation and System Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers focuses on practical approaches to resolving behavior problems in the Australian school system. The papers are divided into four general categories: perspectives on behavior problems, focusing on families, schools and system initiatives, and programs in special settings. The papers include: (1) "Beyond Punishment," by…

Richardson, Susanna, Ed.; Izard, John, Ed.

344

2004. SuperSoil 2004: 3rd Australian New Zealand Soils Conference, 5 9 December 2004, University of Sydney, Australia. Published on CDROM. Website www.regional.org.au/au/asssi/  

E-print Network

and opportunities in basic soil science research and the discipline of soil science Donald L. Sparks S. Hallock duPont Endowed Chair of Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University). Molecular environmental soil science The research challenges and questions we face in soil science occur

Sparks, Donald L.

345

Geographic Variation of Failure-to-Rescue in Public Acute Hospitals in New South Wales, Australia  

PubMed Central

Despite the wide acceptance of Failure-to-Rescue (FTR) as a patient safety indicator (defined as the deaths among surgical patients with treatable complications), no study has explored the geographic variation of FTR in a large health jurisdiction. Our study aimed to explore the spatiotemporal variations of FTR rates across New South Wales (NSW), Australia. We conducted a population-based study using all admitted surgical patients in public acute hospitals during 2002–2009 in NSW, Australia. We developed a spatiotemporal Poisson model using Integrated Nested Laplace Approximation (INLA) methods in a Bayesian framework to obtain area-specific adjusted relative risk. Local Government Area (LGA) was chosen as the areal unit. LGA-aggregated covariates included age, gender, socio-economic and remoteness index scores, distance between patient residential postcode and the treating hospital, and a quadratic time trend. We studied 4,285,494 elective surgical admissions in 82 acute public hospitals over eight years in NSW. Around 14% of patients who developed at least one of the six FTR-related complications (58,590) died during hospitalization. Of 153 LGAs, patients who lived in 31 LGAs, accommodating 48% of NSW patients at risk, were exposed to an excessive adjusted FTR risk (10% to 50%) compared to the state-average. They were mostly located in state's centre and western Sydney. Thirty LGAs with a lower adjusted FTR risk (10% to 30%), accommodating 8% of patients at risk, were mostly found in the southern parts of NSW and Sydney east and south. There were significant spatiotemporal variations of FTR rates across NSW over an eight-year span. Areas identified with significantly high and low FTR risks provide potential opportunities for policy-makers, clinicians and researchers to learn from the success or failure of adopting the best care for surgical patients and build a self-learning organisation and health system. PMID:25310260

Assareh, Hassan; Ou, Lixin; Chen, Jack; Hillman, Kenneth; Flabouris, Arthas; Hollis, Stephanie J.

2014-01-01

346

Biomaterials 25 (2004) 50815090 A micro-mechanics model of dentin mechanical properties  

E-print Network

, Australia c Biomaterials Science Research Unit, Faculty of Dentistry, University, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia in preventive and restorative den- tistry. Therefore, the determination of the effective mechanical properties

Qin, Qinghua

347

A Round Table Discussion on Forensic Science in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manuscript is an edited transcript of a round table discussion held during the Australian New Zealand Forensic Science Society International Symposium held in Sydney in 2010. The discussants covered a variety of topics, including the management of science, the handling of quality issues, and the report on forensic science from the U.S. National Academies of Science National Research Council.

Max M. Houck; James Robertson; Bryan Found; Hilton Kobus; Simon Lewis; Michael Raymond; Paul Reedy; Alistair Ross; Claude Roux; Ross Vining

2011-01-01

348

Space Radar Image of Canberra, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Australia's capital city, Canberra, is shown in the center of this spaceborne radar image. Images like this can help urban planners assess land use patterns. Heavily developed areas appear in bright patchwork patterns of orange, yellow and blue. Dense vegetation appears bright green, while cleared areas appear in dark blue or black. Located in southeastern Australia, the site of Canberra was selected as the capital in 1901 as a geographic compromise between Sydney and Melbourne. Design and construction of the city began in 1908 under the supervision of American architect Walter Burley-Griffin. Lake Burley-Griffin is located above and to the left of the center of the image. The bright pink area is the Parliament House. The city streets, lined with government buildings, radiate like spokes from the Parliament House. The bright purple cross in the lower left corner of the image is a reflection from one of the large dish-shaped radio antennas at the Tidbinbilla, Canberra Deep Space Network Communication Complex, operated jointly by NASA and the Australian Space Office. This image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) on April 10, 1994, onboard the space shuttle Endeavour. The image is 28 kilometers by 25 kilometers (17 miles by 15 miles) and is centered at 35.35 degrees south latitude, 149.17 degrees east longitude. North is toward the upper left. The colors are assigned to different radar frequencies and polarizations as follows: red is L-band, horizontally transmitted and received; green is L-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received; and blue is C-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian, and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Office of Mission to Planet Earth.

1994-01-01

349

Movement of a tritium plume in shallow groundwater at a legacy low-level radioactive waste disposal site in eastern Australia.  

PubMed

Between 1960 and 1968 low-level radioactive waste was buried in a series of shallow trenches near the Lucas Heights facility, south of Sydney, Australia. Groundwater monitoring carried out since the mid 1970s indicates that with the exception of tritium, no radioactivity above typical background levels has been detected outside the immediate vicinity of the trenches. The maximum tritium level detected in ground water was 390 kBq/L and the median value was 5400 Bq/L, decay corrected to the time of disposal. Since 1968, a plume of tritiated water has migrated from the disposal trenches and extends at least 100 m from the source area. Tritium in rainfall is negligible, however leachate from an adjacent and fill represents a significant additional tritium source. Study data indicate variation in concentration levels and plume distribution in response to wet and dry climatic periods and have been used to determine pathways for tritium migration through the subsurface. PMID:20573429

Hughes, C E; Cendón, D I; Harrison, J J; Hankin, S I; Johansen, M P; Payne, T E; Vine, M; Collins, R N; Hoffmann, E L; Loosz, T

2011-10-01

350

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE !"#$%&'(#)*+%,&$%-.,/*.&-+-%012%34&/%516+7%89*#+:3;+,%+'$#(1  

E-print Network

Haven, CT, USA Betty Kollia William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ, USA Rosalind Thornton and Stephen Crain Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia Katherine S. Harris Haskins Laboratories, New Haven

351

The abundance of juvenile yellowtail (Seriola quinqueradiata) near the Kuroshio: the roles of drifting seaweed and regional  

E-print Network

, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia ABSTRACT We assess the effect of drifting seaweed (Sargassum sp.) biomass, juvenile yellowtail, Kuroshio, Sargassum, Seriola quinqueradiata INTRODUCTION Drifting seaweed increases

Taggart, Christopher

352

Perceived acculturative stress and sense of coherence in Chinese nursing students in Australia.  

PubMed

University schools of nursing in Australia are the main providers of nursing education programmes for international students. The large cohort of overseas students requires that universities, as education providers, understand their needs and the problems related to studying and living in Australia. An exploratory descriptive quantitative study was conducted to investigate 119 Chinese international undergraduate nursing students' acculturative stress and sense of coherence at an Australian university in Sydney. Two validated scales were used: Acculturative Stress Scale for International Students (ASSIS) and Sense of Coherence (SOC). Results indicated that overall Chinese nursing students had a moderate level of acculturative stress and sense of coherence. However, there was a significant difference in the level of acculturative stress among three groups of Chinese nursing students enrolled in the Bachelor of Nursing course, and SOC was negatively correlated with the level of acculturative stress. This study extends the knowledge of the experiences of Chinese nursing students studying and living in an English-speaking country. The study also highlights the need for universities to provide relevant support to overseas students to make their study journey smoother and more successful. PMID:21641702

He, Flora X; Lopez, Violeta; Leigh, Maria C

2012-05-01

353

Geothermal structure of Australia's east coast basins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The east coast sedimentary basins of Australia formed on an active margin of eastern Gondwana, and constitute an important hydrocarbon resource. The 1600km long Sydney-Gunnedah-Bowen Basin (SGBB) is largest east coast basin system, with thick Permian to Jurassic sedimentary successions overlying Palaeozoic basement rocks. The SGBB has been the focus of renewed geothermal exploration interest, however, the thermal state and geothermal potential of the system is largely unconstrained. Geothermal exploration programs require an accurate estimate of subsurface temperature information, in addition to favourable geology, to make informed decisions on potential targe developments. Primarily temperature information comes from downhole measurements, generally non-equilibrated, which are traditionally extrapolated to depth, however such extrapolation does not take into account variations in geological structure or thermal conductivity. Here we import deep 3D geological models into finite element conduction simulations, using the code Underworld, to calculate the deep thermal structure of the basin system. Underworld allows us to incorporate complex, detailed geological architecture models, incorporating different material properties for different layers, with variable temperature and depth-dependent properties. We adopt a fixed top boundary temperature on a variable topographic surface, and vary the bottom surface boundary condition, to converge of models which satisfy equilibrated downhole temperature measurement constraints. We find coal plays an important role in insulating sedimentary basins. Heat refracts around the coal interval and produces elevated temperatures beneath thick sediments, especially where thick coal intervals are present. This workflow has been formalized into an Underworld geothermal model library, enabling model centric computational workflows. Using the imported model architecture from the geology, data can be continuously updated and added to the system and models quickly re-run to take advantage of the most up to date information. The thermal models we’ve produced for the SGBB are an efficient regional assessment of the geothermal resource potential in this basin system.

Danis, C. R.; O'Neill, C.

2010-12-01

354

The occurrence of Lymnaea (pseudosuccinea) columella, an intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica, in Australia.  

PubMed

An established population of the eastern North American freshwater snail Lymnaea (Pseudosuccinea) columella Say is reported from Middle Creek and Centennial Park, Sydney. This species is an important intermediate host of the liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica Linné) and its introduction and spread in New Zealand has resulted in an increase in the liver fluke problem in New Zealand. PMID:1200931

Ponder, W F

1975-10-01

355

INTRODUCING PEER-ASSISTED LEARNING IN FIRST YEAR ACCOUNTING IN AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian universities are giving increasing attention to peer-assisted learning (or supplemental instruction) as a means of meeting some of the demanding challenges that have arisen over the last fifteen years. At Macquarie University, Sydney, a two year (2003-04) trial has been conducted of this form of supple mental instruction in selected Accounting courses. This paper discusses the first stage of

Rod O'Donnell

356

Shopping malls in AustraliaThe end of public space and the rise of ‘consumerist citizenship’?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reflects on the issue of the privatization of public space in relation to the recent development of a shopping mall in Sydney. The article argues that the development in Hornsby does not coincide with the need for an open and ‘democratic’ public space. Rather, what has developed is a privatized space, which reduces and controls diversity. This new

Malcolm Voyce

2006-01-01

357

Bad blood: The contamination of Australia's blood supply and the emergence of gay activism in the age of AIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite subsequent revisions in the public's understanding of blood screening, HIV and homosexuality, the echo of these early charges remains. The Sydney gay community in particular is still frequently criticised by lawyers, the media, and people with medically-acquired HIV, for persuading the BTS to adopt 'soft' and inadequate measures to secure the blood supply. This article contends that the circumstances

Paul Sendziuk

2001-01-01

358

Socio-cultural reflections on heat in Australia with implications for health and climate change adaptation  

PubMed Central

Background Australia has a hot climate with maximum summer temperatures in its major cities frequently exceeding 35°C. Although ‘heat waves’ are an annual occurrence, the associated heat-related deaths among vulnerable groups, such as older people, suggest that Australians could be better prepared to deal with extreme heat. Objective To understand ways in which a vulnerable sub-population adapt their personal behaviour to cope with heat within the context of Australians’ relationship with heat. Design We draw upon scientific, historical and literary sources and on a set of repeat interviews in the suburbs of Western Sydney with eight older participants and two focus group discussions. We discuss ways in which this group of older people modifies their behaviour to adapt to heat, and reflect on manifestations of Australians’ ambivalence towards heat. Results Participants reported a number of methods for coping with extreme heat, including a number of methods of personal cooling, changing patterns of daily activity and altering dietary habits. The use of air-conditioning was near universal, but with recognition that increasing energy costs may become more prohibitive over time. Conclusions While a number of methods are employed by older people to stay cool, these may become limited in the future. Australians’ attitudes may contribute to the ill-health and mortality associated with excessive heat. PMID:23078748

Banwell, Cathy; Dixon, Jane; Bambrick, Hilary; Edwards, Ferne; Kjellstrom, Tord

2012-01-01

359

Atmospheric transport modelling of time resolved 133Xe emissions from the isotope production facility ANSTO, Australia.  

PubMed

The verification of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) relies amongst other things on the continuous and worldwide monitoring of radioxenon. The characterization of the existing and legitimate background, which is produced mainly by nuclear power plants and isotope production facilities, is of high interest to improve the capabilities of the monitoring network. However, the emissions from legitimate sources can usually only be estimated. For this paper historic source terms of (133)Xe emissions from the isotope production facility at ANSTO, Sydney, Australia, have been made available in a daily resolution. Based on these high resolution data, different source term sets with weekly, monthly and yearly time resolution have been compiled. These different sets are then applied together with atmospheric transport modelling (ATM) to predict the concentration time series at two radioxenon monitoring stations. The results are compared with each other in order to examine the improvement of the prediction capability depending on the used time resolution of the most dominant source term in the region. PMID:23917155

Schöppner, M; Plastino, W; Hermanspahn, N; Hoffmann, E; Kalinowski, M; Orr, B; Tinker, R

2013-12-01

360

The multipurpose time-of-flight neutron reflectometer “Platypus” at Australia's OPAL reactor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this manuscript we describe the major components of the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer at the 20 MW OPAL reactor in Sydney, Australia. Platypus is a multipurpose spectrometer for the characterisation of solid thin films, materials adsorbed at the solid-liquid interface and free-liquid surfaces. It also has the capacity to study magnetic thin films using spin-polarised neutrons. Platypus utilises a white neutron beam ( ?=2-20 Å) that is pulsed using boron-coated disc chopper pairs; thus providing the capacity to tailor the wavelength resolution of the pulses to suit the system under investigation. Supermirror optical components are used to focus, deflect or spin-polarise the broad bandwidth neutron beams, and typical incident spectra are presented for each configuration. A series of neutron reflectivity datasets are presented, indicating the quality and flexibility of this spectrometer. Minimum reflectivity values of <10 -7 are observed; while maximum thickness values of 325 nm have been measured for single-component films and 483 nm for a multilayer system. Off-specular measurements have also been made to investigate in-plane features as opposed to those normal to the sample surface. Finally, the first published studies conducted using the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer are presented.

James, M.; Nelson, A.; Holt, S. A.; Saerbeck, T.; Hamilton, W. A.; Klose, F.

2011-03-01

361

Prevalence of and attitudes to abortion among migrant women in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, based on a socio-demographic survey, conducted in 1988, of 980 ever-married women of Lebanese, Turkish or Vietnamese\\u000a origin, shows that Turkish women had the most liberal attitudes and reported the highest incidence of abortion. More than\\u000a half of the Turkish women and only 10–15 per cent of Lebanese and Vietnamese women thought that a woman should have the

Farhat Yusuf; Stefania Siedlecky

1996-01-01

362

When Cultures Collide: Planning for the Public Spatial Needs of Muslim Women in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Western multicultural democratic societies commonly hold two basic assumptions. First, that every person should have equitable access to and enjoyment of public spaces. Second, that everyone should be free to practice her\\/his culture and religion, subject to the national legal system. In reality however, such rights can be difficult to uphold. This is especially so given the growing complexity of

Carolyn Whitten; Susan Thompson

363

Simulated impact of urban expansion on future temperature heatwaves in Sydney  

E-print Network

for changes in the surface energy flux partition, which in turn affect near-surface temperature. In addition, are partly explained by the prevalent direction of winds that compensate or intensify the effect urbanisation (Arnfield, 2003; Grimmond, 2006). The prospects of larger cities and higher percentage of urban population

Evans, Jason

364

The Sydney Holocaust Study: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Other Psychosocial Morbidity in an Aged Community Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the psychological status and social functioning of Holocaust survivors. From 814 responses to a community survey of Jewish elders (aged 60 years or older), survivors (n = 100), refugees who had not experienced the Holocaust (n = 50), and Australian\\/English-born persons (n = 50), were randomly selected for semistructured interview, which included Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) assessment, ratings

Charmaine Joffe; Henry Brodaty; Georgina Luscombe; Frederick Ehrlich

2003-01-01

365

ViSLABHigh-Performance Visualization, Communication, Computing Copyright 2008,ViSLAB,The University of Sydney  

E-print Network

shapes of a protein molecule porin NASA, "The effects of solar wind," URL: learn.arc.nasa.gov/planets/0 dimensional car simulation data set. Courtesy Martin Kraus. Kraus, M. and Ertl, T., "Interactive data

Hong,Seokhee

366

‘It sounds like they shouldn't be here’: immigration checks on the streets of Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian state police have historically held wide-ranging powers which reflect their origins as all-encompassing administrators and agents of control over unruly colonial subjects. Contemporary police powers to stop and question individuals to establish whether they are lawfully present stem from at least 1958 when they were incorporated into section 188 of the Migration Act. There is no official monitoring of

Leanne Weber

2011-01-01

367

Compost Tips for the Home Gardener1 Sydney Park Brown2  

E-print Network

. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension. What Is Compost? Compost is a dark, crumbly material created/iStock/Thinkstock Table 1. Nitrogen- and carbon-rich materials. Browns Greens Fallen leaves Kitchen scraps (vegetables

Jawitz, James W.

368

COMPUMAG-SYDNEY 2011, CMP881 1 Subproblem Approach for Thin Shell Dual Finite Element Formulations  

E-print Network

potential and magnetic field formulations are considered. The subproblem approach developed herein couples three problems: a simplified model with inductors alone, a thin region problem using approximate problem (SP 1) involving massive or stranded inductors alone is solved on a simplified mesh without thin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

369

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of Sydney  

E-print Network

as the environmental, and plastic influences. In contrast to this received view it promotes the idea that all traits' in the production of behavior; 4. A fuller understanding of the nature of inheritance that transcends to it. Keywords: Developmental Niche Construction; Environment; Experience; Extended Inheritance; Gene

Stotz, Karola

370

Evaluation of the MindMatters Buddy Support Scheme in Southwest Sydney: Strategies, Achievements and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Assessing the strategies, achievements and challenges of implementing MindMatters and the views of partner schools towards the buddy support scheme. Design: The MindMatters buddy support scheme (2007-2008) was designed to increase the capacity of secondary schools to adopt a whole-school approach to improving health and well-being of…

Khan, Raquiba J.; Bedford, Karen; Williams, Mandy

2012-01-01

371

Comparative Analysis of the Olympic Cultural Programs and Management of Barcelona 1992 and Sydney 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Originally, the Olympic Games were supposed to bring an opportunity for the enhancement of the arts in conjunction with the sports competitions. The Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, founded the Modern Olympics in 1896, inspired by the ancient Greek tradition of quadrennial celebrations of athletic and music contests held throughout Greece from 776 BC to 395 AD. Cou- bertin repeatedly

Beatriz Garcia

372

Equity and Local Participation in VET: Some Preliminary Findings in Sydney Postcodes. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More attention should be given to the local dimension of equity research. A question that must be asked is to what extent there is an unequal distribution of opportunities to participate in vocational education and training (VET) that is mirrored by area of residence in both urban and rural localities. Questions must also be asked about the extent…

McIntyre, John

373

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 14 3. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION  

E-print Network

of residential colleges associated with the University to the south, and the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and other colleges to the west. The Darlington Campus is located on the south side of City Road, also south varied reflecting the changing topography, their different histories, the variety of architectural styles

Viglas, Anastasios

374

"Corsages on Their Parents' Jackets": Employment and Aspiration among Arabic-Speaking Youth in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many commentators have observed that late modernity has profoundly reshaped the nature of employment such that workers have become more reflexive, mobile, individualistic and entrepreneurial, free to re-invent themselves as they choose in a world of endless possibilities. Theorists of reflexive modernity suggest that the family unit and class have…

Morgan, George; Idriss, Sherene

2012-01-01

375

Last Name First Name 17th International Conference on Coastal Engineering Sydney 23-28 March  

E-print Network

in Hydroscience Vol IV Chow Ven Te 25 Aerodynamic Theory Durand William Frederick 26 Aero-Hydrodynamics of Sailing An Introduction to Hydrodynamics and Water Waves Part Three Le Mehaute Bernard 44 An Introduction to Hydrodynamics Anchoring of Barbers Point Submarine Pipelines Winkler Richard S. 47 Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics Vol 10

Frandsen, Jannette B.

376

ISSN1834-3937 Level 1, 341 George St Sydney NSW 2000  

E-print Network

archaeological sites of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Paestum; the Renaissance and baroque architecture of Naples to beautiful Bhutan 30 FAMILY MATTERS Emma Partridge, GP Registrar and mother of four 32 BOOKS Deborah Beck

Du, Jie

377

Basel Freiburg Paris London New York Bangalore Bangkok Shanghai Singapore Tokyo Sydney  

E-print Network

Physiology, Pisa [4] Dept. of Neuroscience, "Federico II" Univ. Medical School, Naples, Italy studied the effects of short term therapy with the beta-blocker Nebivolol (5 mg/die for one month) on skin was significantly reduced in HP (6.9 2.1 PU vs 10.7 4.8 PU, pvs 3

Chapeau-Blondeau, François

378

2011 Sydney Region Computing Education Conventicle Thursday 24 November, 10am-4pm  

E-print Network

practice. Work in progress #12;Lunch, 12-1 Mark Guzdial & Barbara Ericson, Georgia Institute of Technology interest in computing in the early teens, improving CS education in secondary schools, and developing new

Guzdial, Mark

379

Newspaper Coverage of Women's Sports during the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games: Belgium, Denmark, France, and Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In general, women are well represented among sport participants and sport audiences but not in the media. Data show that women's sport is greatly under-reported and trivialized in newspapers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure press coverage during the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in the largest circulating Belgian, Danish, French,…

Capranica, Laura; Minganti, Carlo; Billat, Veronique; Hanghoj, Signe; Piacentini, Maria Francesca; Cumps, Elke; Meeusen, Romain

2005-01-01

380

Sydney epilepsy incidence study to measure illness consequences: the SESIMIC observational epilepsy study protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Epilepsy affects an estimated 50 million people and accounts for approximately 1% of days lost to ill health globally, making it one of the most common, serious neurological disorders. While there are abundant global data on epilepsy incidence, prevalence and treatment, there is a paucity of Australian incidence data. There is also a general lack of information on the

Maree L Hackett; Nicholas S Glozier; Alexandra L Martiniuk; Stephen Jan; Craig S Anderson

2011-01-01

381

The relationships between petrology, porosity and permeability in the southern Sydney Basin succession, NSW.  

E-print Network

??Petrography of the Illawarra Coal Measures, Narrabeen Group and Hawkesbury Sandstone was described by thin section, scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction techniques. Sandstone composition… (more)

Al gahtani, Fahad Mubarak

2012-01-01

382

Use of surface waves for geotechnical engineering applications in Western Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current in situ methods used to geotechnically characterize the ground are predominantly based on invasive mechanical techniques (e.g. CPT, SPT, DMT). These techniques are localized to the tested area thus making it quite time consuming and costly to extensively cover large areas. Hence, a study has been initiated to investigate the use of the non-invasive Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) and Multichannel Simulation with One Receiver (MSOR) techniques to provide both an evaluation of compacted ground and a general geotechnical site characterization. The MASW technique relies on the measurement of active ambient vibrations generated by sledgehammer hits to the ground. Generated vibrations are gathered by interconnected electromagnetic geophones set up in the vertical direction and in a linear array at the ground surface with a constant spacing. The MSOR technique relies on one sensor, one single geophone used as the trigger, and multiple impacts are delivered on a steel plate at several distances in a linear array. The main attributes of these non-invasive techniques are the cost effectiveness and time efficiency when compared to current in situ mechanical invasive methods. They were applied to infer the stiffness of the ground layers by inversion of the phase velocity dispersion curves to derive the shear wave velocity (Vs) profile. The results produced by the MASW and the MSOR techniques were verified against independent mechanical Cone Penetration Test (CPT) and Standard Penetration Test (SPT) data. This paper identifies that the MASW and the MSOR techniques could be potentially useful and powerful tools in the evaluation of the ground compaction and general geotechnical site characterization.

Tokeshi, K.; Harutoonian, P.; Leo, C. J.; Liyanapathirana, S.

2013-06-01

383

A REVIEW OF PARAMETRIC HIGH-RESOLUTION Qi Cheng, University of Western Sydney  

E-print Network

components present in a given set of data. The term "high-resolution" also implies a good ability to resolve two or more closely located frequencies in the given data. There are two groups of high measurements. The key data structure is captured by the dominant (principal) subspace of the data matrix

Hua, Yingbo

384

PROPOSAL FOR JOINT DISCUSSION AT THE 2003 IAU GENERAL ASSEMBLY, SYDNEY  

E-print Network

: The Astrochemistry of External Galaxies (2) Duration: 1.0 days (3) Proposing IAU Division: Division VI (Interstellar accepted a proposal to hold a Joint Discussion on `The Astrochemistry of External Galaxies' at the IAU

Millar, Tom

385

PROPOSAL FOR JOINT DISCUSSION AT THE 2003 IAU GENERAL ASSEMBLY, SYDNEY  

E-print Network

: The Astrochemistry of External Galaxies (2) Duration: 1.5 days (3) Proposing IAU Division: Division VI (Interstellar over 1.5 days on the subject of `The Astrochemistry of External Galaxies' during the 25th IAU General

Millar, Tom

386

Indicators of Staff Efficacy in Seven Special Schools in the Sydney Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Staff in Special Schools are seldom the focus of research, yet work with a student group some might consider demanding and stressful. Staff who work in Catholic special Schools are under-represented in the academic literature. The motivation and efficacy of Special School staff were studies in 7 Catholic Special Schools. These staff were observed…

Vallance, Roger J.

2012-01-01

387

The current pattern of hepatitis B virus infection in Australia.  

PubMed

There is little recent data of the seroprevalence of hepatitis B in Australia. We have surveyed a large cohort of endoscopy patients attending a teaching hospital in central Sydney, and related the presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers with putative risk factors for exposure using the SAS statistical package. Of the 2115 patients tested: 2.1% (45/2115) were HBV surface antigen positive, 0.75% (14/2115) viraemic, 9.5% (200/2115) anti-HBs and anti-HBc positive, 20.1% (430/2115) vaccinated (anti-HBs only) and the remaining 70% were susceptible. The adjusted OR of HBV infection was significantly increased in patients who had been diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (36.3-fold), born in Asia or Pacific islands (12.4-fold), born in North Africa, Middle East & Mediterranean countries (6-fold) or born abroad elsewhere in the world (2.7-fold), had household contact with someone diagnosed with hepatitis between 1980 and 1990 (3.9-fold), injected drugs between 1980 and 1990 (4.4-fold), resided in a military establishment for 3 months (2.3-fold) or in a hospital for 3 months (2.2-fold), never been vaccinated for hepatitis B (2.8-fold), received blood transfusion due to an accident and/or a haemorrhage (1.92-fold) and finally been a male gender (1.59-fold). The prevalence of HBV in this hospital population was higher than predicted on the basis of notifications to the passive surveillance scheme. Most HBV patients had multiple risk factors for infection, but the hierarchy of odds ratios provides a rational basis for targeted programmes to identify asymptomatic HBV carriers who might benefit from treatment. PMID:16475997

Tawk, H M; Vickery, K; Bisset, L; Lo, S K; Selby, W; Cossart, Y E

2006-03-01

388

BENEFICIAL USE OF GROUNDWATER: A CASE STUDY OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY PROTECTION IN THE FRACTURED BASALT AQUIFERS OF THE ALSTONVILLE PLATEAU, NSW, AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groundwater quality has been assessed on the basis of beneficial use in the fractured basaltic aquifers of the Alstonville Plateau, located on the north coast of New South Wales about 700 km north of Sydney. The aquifer covers an area of 390 km 2 and consists of a series of Tertiary basalt flows and interbedded sediments with a maximum thickness

K. L Budd; R. S. Brodie

389

Assessing preferences of beach users for certain aspects of weather and ocean conditions: case studies from Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three well-known Australian beaches, Surfers Paradise Beach (Gold Coast), Narrowneck Beach (Gold Coast) and Bondi Beach (Sydney), were selected for analysis of beach user preferences for certain weather and ocean conditions. Regression methods were used to determine how the numbers of visitors to these beaches are affected by these conditions. Actual visitor numbers were counted at three times during the day over several months at each beach with the aid of web cameras. The corresponding weather and ocean conditions were obtained from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology and local government agencies. Weekly and seasonal factors were also considered. The conditions preferred by beach users, as found in this study, are: no precipitation, higher temperatures, light-to-moderate wind speed (less than 30 km/h) and low wave height (up to 1.25 m). This study, the first to provide an analysis of beach user preferences for both weather and ocean conditions, shows that ocean conditions play a significant role in explaining the demand for beach recreation in Australia. It is therefore necessary for tourism management authorities or local governments to provide accurate and timely weather and ocean information to local, domestic and international beach users.

Zhang, Fan; Wang, Xiao Hua

2013-05-01

390

The revival of water fluoridation in the state of New South Wales, Australia, in the 21st century.  

PubMed

The State of New South Wales (NSW) in Australia has over half a century of experience with water fluoridation. Yass was the first town to be fluoridated in 1956 and Sydney in 1968, and by the late 1970s, approximately 90% of NSW was fluoridated. However, since then, there have been no new fluoridation schemes. In NSW under the Fluoridation of Public Water Supplies Act 1957, the decision to fluoridate rests with local government authorities (councils). Since 2004, the NSW Health Department has been proactive in promoting and extending water fluoridation to unfluoridated rural communities in an attempt to reduce oral health inequalities. This has resulted in 20 councils implementing fluoridation, increasing population coverage of water fluoridation from 90% in 2004 to 96% in 2012. When the remaining 16 councils that have been gazetted to fluoridate implement fluoridation, approximately 98% of NSW residents will have access to fluoridated water. This article provides an overview of the framework used to extend water fluoridation to many rural communities in New South Wales in the 21st century. PMID:22998307

Sivaneswaran, Shanti

2012-10-01

391

The human and animal health impacts of introduction and spread of an exotic strain of West Nile virus in Australia.  

PubMed

Vector-borne diseases can have substantial impacts on human and animal health, including major epidemics. West Nile virus (WNV) is of particular international importance due to its recent emergence and impact in the Western Hemisphere. Despite the presence of a sub-type of WNV (Kunjin virus, KUN) in Australia, a potential ecological niche could be occupied by an exotic strain of WNV of the North American type. This study assesses the probability an exotic strain of WNV enters Australia via an infected mosquito in an aircraft from the United States (U.S.) landing at Sydney airport, the probability it spreads to susceptible species and the impact of the resulting outbreak on human and animal health. A release, exposure and consequence assessment were conducted using expert opinion and scientific literature to parameterise the inputs for the models (OIE, 2009). Following establishment of WNV in Australia, the spatio-temporal spread of WNV was predicted over a six year period based on the Australian human and equine populations at-risk, the known distribution of other mosquito-borne flaviviruses in Australia, climatic factors, and the spread of WNV in the U.S. following it's incursion in New York City in 1999. The impact of this spread was measured as a multiplier of human and equine demographics using the U.S. incidence and case fatality rates as a reference. For an 8 month period from September to April (considering seasonal impact on mosquito activity during the coldest months in Australia and the U.S.), and assuming WNV is endemic in the U.S., the median probability an infected mosquito is introduced is 0.17, and the median number of infected mosquitoes introduced is predicted to be zero, with a 95th percentile range of one. The overall probability of a WNV outbreak (WNV released into Australia, susceptible hosts exposed and the virus spread) occurring in the human and the horse population during this time period is estimated to be 7.0×10(-6) and 3.9×10(-6), respectively. These values are largely influenced by the presence of mosquitoes in aircrafts and whether the introduced infected mosquito contacts wild birds. Results of this study suggest there is a low risk of introduction and spread of an exotic strain of WNV from the U.S via aircraft, and provides an insight into the magnitude and impact of the spread among human and horse populations. The generic framework presented could be applied to assess the potential introduction of other mosquito-borne diseases (which involve a wild bird transmission cycle) via international aircraft movements. PMID:23098914

Hernández-Jover, Marta; Roche, Sharon; Ward, Michael P

2013-05-01

392

Identification of a serine protease inhibitor which causes inclusion vacuole reduction and is lethal to  

E-print Network

, The Wesley Reproductive Medicine and Gynaecological Surgery Unit, Auchenflower, Brisbane, Qld, Australia. 4 Microbial Imaging Facility, The iThree institute, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2007 resulted in a complete loss of viable elementary body formation. JO146 treatment during the replica- tive

Bogyo, Matthew

393

Obituary: Ronald N. Bracewell, 1921-2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ronald N. Bracewell, Professor Emeritus (since 1991) of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, and a true renaissance man of science, died of a heart attack on 12 August 2007 at his home. Ron Bracewell was born in Sydney, Australia, on 22 July 1921, one of the two sons of Cecil and Valerie Bracewell. He graduated from the University of Sydney

Vahé Petrosian

2009-01-01

394

ELSEVIER Geoderma64 (1995) 357-361 ShortCommunication  

E-print Network

observed in the pores of hydromorphic horizons of a soil from Peru (Stoops and Zavaleta, 1978) and from. and Soil Science, Universi~., of Sydney, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia ReceivedDecember14, 1993 in soils with aquic moisture regimes (Soil Conservation Service, 1988) in the southern regions of the USA

Ahmad, Sajjad

395

IOP PUBLISHING ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS Environ. Res. Lett. 4 (2009) 014010 (5pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/4/1/014010  

E-print Network

Stephens1 , Mark A Adams2 , John Handmer3 , Faith R Kearns4 , Bob Leicester5 , Justin Leonard5 and Max, and Natural Resources, University of Sydney, McMillan Building, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia 3 Center for Risk (UWI) continue to devastate communities in California (figure 1) and across the US. Despite known risks

Moritz, Max A.

396

PLASMA EMISSION: A REVIEW* (Invited Review presented by G. Dulk)  

E-print Network

PLASMA EMISSION: A REVIEW* (Invited Review presented by G. Dulk) D. B. M E L R O S E School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006. Australia Abstract. The theory of plasma emission of the Langmuir turbulence, its evolution due to nonlinear processes, and the plasma emission processes

Melrose, Don

397

Comparing Methods for Multi-class Probabilities in Medical Decision Making Using  

E-print Network

Comparing Methods for Multi-class Probabilities in Medical Decision Making Using LS-SVMs and Kernel-and-white class predictions. In medical decision making, uncertainty information can influence the optimal, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia 3 St Georges Hospital Medical School, London, UK 4 University

398

DEBATE Open Access Clinical classification in mental health at the  

E-print Network

greatest failure has been the lack of development of new or better-targeted treatments, particularly * Correspondence: ian.hickie@sydney.edu.au 1 Clinical Research Unit, Brain & Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney, 100 Mallett Street, Camperdown 2050, Australia Full list of author information is available

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

399

Racism in the News: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News Reporting in Two Australian Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to probe for ideological construction of racism imbricated within the structure of newspaper reporting. The study focuses on news reports relating to a Vietnamese gang in Australia whose violent and drug-dealing activities have received publicity in two Sydney-based newspapers: The Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph. The analysis of these reports adheres to

PETER TEO

2000-01-01

400

Learning through Discussions Ellis, R.A.  

E-print Network

1 Learning through Discussions Ellis, R.A. Institute of Teaching and Learning University of Sydney Ellis, R.A. Institute of Teaching and Learning F07 - Carslaw The University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia r.ellis@itl.usyd.edu.au #12;2 Learning through Discussions Abstract Students studying a third year e

Calvo, Rafael A.

401

Trichomonas vaginalis: underdiagnosis in urban Australia could facilitate re-emergence  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTrichomonas vaginalis (TV) has a low profile in urban sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in many developed countries. The objective of this study was to determine the true prevalence of TV in an Australian urban sexual health setting using sensitive molecular diagnostic techniques.MethodsA cross-sectional study investigating the aetiology of cervicitis in women attending two urban sexual health clinics in Sydney,

M Josephine Lusk; Zin Naing; Ben Rayner; Nikolas Rismanto; Christopher J McIver; Robert G Cumming; Kevin McGeechan; William D Rawlinson; Pam Konecny

2009-01-01

402

Travel risk behaviours and uptake of pre-travel health preventions by university students in Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Forward planning and preventative measures before travelling can significantly reduce the risk of many vaccine preventable travel-related infectious diseases. Higher education students may be at an increased risk of importing infectious disease as many undertake multiple visits to regions with higher infectious disease endemicity. Little is known about the health behaviours of domestic or international university students, particularly students from low resource countries who travel to high-resource countries for education. This study aimed to assess travel-associated health risks and preventative behaviours in a sample of both domestic and international university students in Australia. Methods In 2010, a 28 item self-administered online survey was distributed to students enrolled at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Multiple methods of distributing links to the online survey were utilised. The survey examined the international travel history, travel intentions, infection control behaviours and self-reported vaccination history. Results A total of 1663 respondents completed the online survey, 22.1% were international students and 83.9% were enrolled at an undergraduate level. Half had travelled internationally in the previous 12 months, with 69% of those travelling only once during that time with no difference in travel from Australia between domestic and international students (p = 0.8). Uptake of pre-travel health advice was low overall with 68% of respondents reporting they had not sought any advice from a health professional prior to their last international trip. Domestic students were more likely to report uptake of a range of preventative travel health measures compared to international students, including diarrhoeal medication, insect repellent, food avoidance and condoms (P < 0.0001). Overall, students reported low risk perception of travel threats and a low corresponding concern for these threats. Conclusions Our study highlights the need to educate students about the risk associated with travel and improve preventative health-seeking and uptake of precautionary health measures in this highly mobile young adult population. Although immunisation is not an entry requirement to study at Universities in Australia, large tertiary institutions provide an opportunity to engage with young adults on the importance of travel health and provision of vaccines required for travel, including missed childhood vaccines. PMID:22339735

2012-01-01

403

Is risk associated with drinking water in Australia of significant concern to justify mandatory regulation?  

PubMed

Presently in Australia there are no mandatory drinking water standards. Here we argue that the risk associated with drinking water in Australia is of a dimension discernible to warrant mandatory regulations. The catchments that supply the major metropolitan areas of Sydney and Adelaide, and the groundwater for the city of Perth have been seriously compromised by the encroachment of development and activities. Melbourne in the past has generally relied on a closed catchment reservoir system; however, population growth in the near future will sequester the full online operation of additional reservoirs, which have multiple land use catchments. In addition to the current landscape circumstances, the management of a water system in itself proposes significant issues of risk. Two critical assumptions that are unique to a mass medium substance like water and dramatically alter the appraisal of risk are: (1) very large numbers of people are potentially exposed, and (2) small changes in contaminant levels may have adverse population outcomes. It is also known that water reticulation systems frequently suffer from contamination problems caused solely by the distribution system, and optimal management of these facilities would best be served by statutory protected transparency and dedicated water quality programs. In 1979, an Australian parliamentary committee stated that an "uncontaminated water supply is" a "basic requirement for the obtainment of good health"; however, recent surveys of Australian water systems show many are not meeting basic water quality criteria, and many communities are not receiving regular monitoring or testing as required by government authorized Australian drinking water guidelines. Exacerbating this situation is the lack of reporting and statutory endorsed standardized procedures to ensure information is properly and promptly recorded and that data are centralized for maximum benefit. The evaluation of risk associated with drinking water in Australia is often hampered by inadequate or incomplete data. Lastly, regional and rural water supplies face a vast array of contemporary problems and experiences that include widespread usage of pesticides and agricultural chemicals. In recent years, the Darling River has experienced the worst algal bloom known to man, and this river system not only supplies a number of regional and rural towns with water, but eventually connects with the River Murray, which supplies the State of South Australia with approximately 50% of its water requirements. PMID:11494066

McKay, J; Moeller, A

2001-10-01

404

Predictors of pneumococcal vaccination uptake in hospitalized patients aged 65 years and over shortly following the commencement of a publicly funded national pneumococcal vaccination program in Australia.  

PubMed

In January 2005, Australia became the first country to introduce a publicly funded pneumococcal vaccination program for persons 65 years and older which is free at point of service, although the vaccine cost had previously been partially subsidized. Hospitalization in this age group is an important indicator of risk of invasive pneumococcal disease but vaccine uptake has been suboptimal. To determine vaccination rates and predictors of vaccination in the elderly hospitalised patients before and after January 2005. We validated vaccination status against general practitioner (GP) records for patients aged > or = 65 years admitted to a large teaching hospital in Sydney between 16th of May 2005 and the 20th of February 2006 and examined predictors of vaccination. Commencement of the new program resulted in a significant increase in vaccination uptake from 39% of inpatients prior to the free program to 73% in the same cohort of inpatients post January 2005. We found that patient recall of vaccination status was not reliable. Self-report of pneumococcal vaccination had a sensitivity of 0.53 and a specificity of 0.55, highlighting that validation of vaccination status is required. Age over 80 years and dementia significantly predicted under-vaccination. This highlights the importance of integrating free vaccine supply and delivery in primary care to achieve high vaccination coverage. However, demented patients and the very elderly remain under-vaccinated, despite being admitted to hospital for active management of acute conditions. PMID:17361109

Ridda, Iman; MacIntyre, Raina C; Lindley, Richard I; McIntyre, Peter B; Sullivan, John; Gilbert, Gwendolyn; Kovoor, Pramesh; Manolios, Nicholas; Fox, John

2007-01-01

405

An automated, broad-based, near real-time public health surveillance system using presentations to hospital Emergency Departments in New South Wales, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background In a climate of concern over bioterrorism threats and emergent diseases, public health authorities are trialling more timely surveillance systems. The 2003 Rugby World Cup (RWC) provided an opportunity to test the viability of a near real-time syndromic surveillance system in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. We describe the development and early results of this largely automated system that used data routinely collected in Emergency Departments (EDs). Methods Twelve of 49 EDs in the Sydney metropolitan area automatically transmitted surveillance data from their existing information systems to a central database in near real-time. Information captured for each ED visit included patient demographic details, presenting problem and nursing assessment entered as free-text at triage time, physician-assigned provisional diagnosis codes, and status at departure from the ED. Both diagnoses from the EDs and triage text were used to assign syndrome categories. The text information was automatically classified into one or more of 26 syndrome categories using automated "naïve Bayes" text categorisation techniques. Automated processes were used to analyse both diagnosis and free text-based syndrome data and to produce web-based statistical summaries for daily review. An adjusted cumulative sum (cusum) was used to assess the statistical significance of trends. Results During the RWC the system did not identify any major public health threats associated with the tournament, mass gatherings or the influx of visitors. This was consistent with evidence from other sources, although two known outbreaks were already in progress before the tournament. Limited baseline in early monitoring prevented the system from automatically identifying these ongoing outbreaks. Data capture was invisible to clinical staff in EDs and did not add to their workload. Conclusion We have demonstrated the feasibility and potential utility of syndromic surveillance using routinely collected data from ED information systems. Key features of our system are its nil impact on clinical staff, and its use of statistical methods to assign syndrome categories based on clinical free text information. The system is ongoing, and has expanded to cover 30 EDs. Results of formal evaluations of both the technical efficiency and the public health impacts of the system will be described subsequently. PMID:16372902

Muscatello, David J; Churches, Tim; Kaldor, Jill; Zheng, Wei; Chiu, Clayton; Correll, Patricia; Jorm, Louisa

2005-01-01

406

APA_poster09[1].pptx  

Cancer.gov

Department of Upper GI Surgery, Bankstown Hospital, Sydney Australia, 4 Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Centre, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes, Baltimore, USA, 5 Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane Australia, 6 Department of Anatomical Pathology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney Australia Introduction Ethics Large scale cancer projects such as the International Cancer Genome Consortium (www.icgc.org) demonstrate the power of comprehensive genomic characterisation for understanding cancer biology and impacting patient care.

407

Estuarine macrobenthic community structure in the Hawkesbury River, Australia: relationships with sediment physicochemical and anthropogenic parameters.  

PubMed

Macrobenthic community assemblage diversity and abundance were monitored on both Cowan and Berowra Creeks in the estuarine reaches of the Hawkesbury River, Sydney Australia during 1997-1998. Natural sediment physicochemical differences were assessed, along with low-level anthropogenic contaminants including copper, lead, zinc, phosphorus and nitrogen. Contaminant levels at all sites were below sediment guideline values for biological effects. Natural physicochemical sediment differences were the main determinants in species assemblage patterns among sites. Three groupings of sites with similar assemblages were observed during February 1998. Berowra Creek sites, which were higher in organic content and silt/clay (and thus metals and nutrients), higher in pH and lower in salinity, were similar in terms of contributions by the polychaetes Ceratoneresis aequisetis, Scoloplos normalis, the isopod Cyathura hakea and the bivalve mollusc Soletellina alba. Sites on upper Cowan Creek, higher in organic content, silt/clay (nutrients and metals) and lower in salinity, were similar and separated from other sites in terms of the polychaete Carazziella victoriensis and the gastropod mollusc Nassarius jonasii. Sites lower in Cowan Creek, tended to be higher in sand content, more saline and lower in organic content and thus nutrient and metal concentrations. These sites were similar in terms of contributions of the polychaete Sigalion bandaensis and the bivalve molluscs, Mysella vitrea and Tellina deltoidalis. The biotic assemblage patterns were not maintained temporally, suggesting the importance of monitoring over time to assess possible future impacts. Aggregating species data to the family level resulted in similar site discrimination. Site differences were less distinct at higher taxonomic levels and suggests future monitoring at the family level is sufficient to detect assemblage differences among sites. The results obtained represent the difficulty in detecting responses to low-level contamination at the community level, and provide a sound anticipatory baseline for the assessment of future possible anthropogenic disturbance in the Hawkesbury River. PMID:11693554

MacFarlane, G R; Booth, D J

2001-11-01

408

Feasibility of a GP delivered skin cancer prevention intervention in Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Despite years of public education, sun-related behaviours are difficult to change and a recent survey showed low levels of sun protection. In this study we evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of an opportunistic skin cancer prevention intervention in general practice. Methods We used a controlled pre-and-post intervention design. Participants (n?=?100) were recruited sequentially from patients attending two general practices in Sydney, Australia, from November to December 2010. Participants in the intervention practice (n?=?50) received general practitioner delivered sun protection advice after completing a skin cancer risk assessment tool, and a sun protection pamphlet, in addition to routine care, at a single attendance. The skin cancer risk assessment tool provided three levels of risk. The general practitioner (GP) reinforced the level of risk and discussed sun protection. Participants in the control practice (n?=?50) received routine care. We measured feasibility by patients’ and GPs’ participation in the intervention and time taken, and acceptability by intervention participants and GPs ratings of the intervention. We measured reported sun-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour between the two groups at 1 and 13 months. Results The intervention was found to be feasible within existing primary care team arrangements. Participation at baseline was 81% (108/134), and repeated participation was 88% (88/100) at 1 month and 70% (70/100) at 13 months. Participants and practitioners found the intervention acceptable. At 1 month, sun-related knowledge had increased in both patient groups, with a greater increase in the intervention group (adjusted mean difference 0.48, p?=?0.034). There were no differences between groups in sun-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour at 13 months. Conclusions A brief opportunistic skin cancer prevention intervention in general practice is feasible and acceptable. Further research in this setting with a more intensive intervention would be justified. PMID:25070692

2014-01-01

409

Long term bicycle related head injury trends for New South Wales, Australia following mandatory helmet legislation.  

PubMed

Since the 1991 enactment of mandatory helmet legislation (MHL) for cyclists in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, there has been extensive debate as to its effect on head injury rates at a population level. Many previous studies have focused on the impact of MHL around the time of enactment, while little has been done to examine the ongoing effects. We aimed to extend prior work by investigating long-term trends in cyclist head and arm injuries over the period 1991-2010. The counts of cyclists hospitalised with head or arm injuries were jointly modelled with log-linear regression. The simultaneous modelling of related injury mechanisms avoids the need for actual exposure data and accounts for the effects of changes in the cycling environment, cycling behaviour and general safety improvements. Models were run separately with population counts, bicycle imports, the average weekday counts of cyclists in Sydney CBD and cycling estimates from survey data as proxy exposures. Overall, arm injuries were higher than head injuries throughout the study period, consistent with previous post-MHL observations. The trends in the two injury groups also significantly diverged, such that the gap between rates increased with time. The results suggest that the initial observed benefit of MHL has been maintained over the ensuing decades. There is a notable additional safety benefit after 2006 that is associated with an increase in cycling infrastructure spending. This implies that the effect of MHL is ongoing and progress in cycling safety in NSW has and will continue to benefit from focusing on broader issues such as increasing cycling infrastructure. PMID:23026203

Olivier, Jake; Walter, Scott R; Grzebieta, Raphael H

2013-01-01

410

Persistence of related bla-IMP-4 metallo-beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae from clinical and environmental specimens within a burns unit in Australia - a six-year retrospective study  

PubMed Central

Background To describe the clinical epidemiology, environmental surveillance and infection control interventions undertaken in a six-year persistence of bla-IMP-4 metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae within a separately confined hospital burns unit in a tertiary hospital in Sydney, Australia. Methods MBL positive clinical and environmental isolates were collected from the Burns Unit, from the first detection of isolates in September 2006 to August 2012. Unit-acquired clinical isolates were included, and patient outcomes analyzed amongst those who acquired clinically significant infections. Environmental isolates were analyzed with regard to relationship to clinical isolates, bacterial species, and persistence despite cleaning efforts. Results Thirty clinical isolates detected from 23 patients were identified. Clinically significant infection developed in 7 (30%) patients – 2 bacteremias, 2 central venous catheter tip infections without bacteremia, and 3 wound infections. All patients survived at 30 days. Seventy-one environmental isolates were confirmed to be MBL-positive, with 85% sourced from shower facilities or equipment. MBL organisms persisted at these sites despite both usual hospital cleaning, and following targeted environmental disinfection interventions. Conclusions Clear association exists between environmental Burns Unit contamination by MBLs and subsequent patient colonization. Clinical infection occurred in a small proportion of patients colonized by MBLs, and with generally favorable outcomes. Its persistence in the Burns Unit environment, despite concerted infection control measures, pose concern for ongoing clinical transmission. PMID:24345195

2013-01-01

411

Department of Medical Entomology: Bedbugs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Sydney and Westmead Hospital, Australia offers a quick introduction to the bedbug in this Web site. Information includes the natural history of bedbugs, clinical presentation, laboratory diagnosis, and treatment and control of them.

2007-10-11

412

Distributional Similarity of Multi-Word Expressions Laura Ingram and James R. Curran  

E-print Network

Distributional Similarity of Multi-Word Expressions Laura Ingram and James R. Curran School of Information Technologies The University of Sydney NSW 2006, Australia {ling6188, james parsers for extracting contextual information, including SEXTANT, MINIPAR (Lin, 1994), RASP (Briscoe

Curran, James R.

413

Examining the Content Load of Part-of-Speech Blocks for Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

Lioma,C. Ounis,I. In Proceedings of Joint Conference of the International Committee on Computational Linguistics and the Association for Computational Linguistics (COLING/ACL 2006), 17-22 July, Sydney, Australia. Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL)

Lioma, C.

414

A Random Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of papers presented at the 25th International Geological Congress held August 16-25, 1976, Sydney, Australia. Topics include precambrian geology, tectonics, biostratigraphy, geochemistry, quaternary geology, engineering geology, planetology, geological education, and stress environments. (SL)

Cochran, Wendell

1976-01-01

415

Splitting methods for nonconvex composite optimization  

E-print Network

Aug 2, 2014 ... important applications in engineering and machine learning. ... Concrete examples of such P that arise in applications ... ?Department of Applied Mathematics, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia. E-mail:.

2014-08-02

416

Numerical Investigation of the Planar Velocity Antidynamo Theorem in a Sphere  

E-print Network

of Indonesia + School of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. mailto rules out maintenance by radially symmet­ ric flows v = v r (r, t)e r [18], [8]. An o#shoot of the TVT

Sydney, University of

417

Identifying Clusters from Positive Data # John Case 1 , Sanjay Jain 2 , Eric Martin 3 , Arun Sharma 4 and Frank Stephan 4  

E-print Network

Identifying Clusters from Positive Data # John Case 1 , Sanjay Jain 2 , Eric Martin 3 , Arun Sharma Research Laboratory at Kensington, UNSW Sydney NSW 2052, Australia, arun.sharma@nicta.com.au and frank

Stephan, Frank

418

Generalized Notions of Mind Change Complexity Arun Sharma \\Lambda  

E-print Network

Generalized Notions of Mind Change Complexity Arun Sharma \\Lambda School of Computer Science and Engineering University of New South Wales Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia arun@cse.unsw.edu.au Frank Stephan y

Stephan, Frank

419

JACARA's Plans Michael Burton, Michael Ashley, John Storey  

E-print Network

South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia Michael Dopita, Ariane Lancon, Jeremy Mould, Peter Wood Mount to the mutual bene t of both partners. Currently we have two experiments underway with CARA at the Amundsen-Scott

Ashley, Michael C. B.

420

ICSN 2010  

Cancer.gov

International Cancer Screening Network 2010 June 23?25, 2010 | Oxford, United Kingdom PARTICIPANT LIST AUSTRALIA John Boyages, Ph.D., FRANZCR Executive Director Westmead Hospital Radiation Oncologist P.O. Box 143 Westmead Sydney, New South Wales 2145

421

Copyright IEEE 1995. 10. References  

E-print Network

, Depart- ment of Computing, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, 1993. [18] R.R. Leighton. The Aspirin, IL, 1991 [23] K. Unklesbay, J. Keller, N. Unklesbay, D. Sub- hangkasen. "Determination of Doneness

Hamey, Len

422

HEDS Discussion Paper 10/01 Disclaimer  

E-print Network

-oncology Co-operative Research Group (PoCoG), School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Australia 6. Cancer, emotional functioning, pain, fatigue and sleep disturbance, nausea, and constipation and diarrhoea) with 4

Oakley, Jeremy

423

SPARTANS ABROAD 2011 entries  

E-print Network

;Experiencing the Beautiful Power of Nature Volcan Poas ­ Costa Rica Nature #12;Protected Paradise Costa Rica Sleepy Koala Sydney - Australia Nature #12;Ant under Water Apple Tree Cedral ­ Costa Rica Nature #12;Lake

424

CSIRO PUBLISHING www.publish.csiro.au/journals/fpb Functional Plant Biology, 2006, 33, 407419  

E-print Network

to better-lit, newly developing leaves. Because the potential photosynthetic benefit resulting from a non-uniform of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia. BCurrent address: School of Botany

Wright, Ian

425

ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00897.x  

E-print Network

Department of Brain, Behaviour and Evolution, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia 2 E) in diverging pop- ulations promotes assortative mating on the basis of the traits that separate the two

426

Slide 1 Fig 7-1, p.154 Planet Earth  

E-print Network

Aug 2008) #12;Slide 13 #12;Slide 14 #12;Slide 15 #12;Slide 16 Hubble Space Telescope #12;Slide 17 of Sydney, Australia (PIA01828) #12;Space Radar Image of Possible String of Impact Craters, Sahara Desert

Wardle, Mark

427

w.uts.edu.au/international Dual-Doctoral  

E-print Network

................................................................................................................................................. 12 #12;3 Introduction The University of Technology, Sydney (UTS) is located in the heart of Australia community - in order to change the way we live in the world. Awarded five stars in the latest QS Stars

University of Technology, Sydney

428

This year's winners from the University of Sydney's INCUBATE start-up program's winter cycle. Sydney University start-up program INCUBATE has chosen the next eight fledgling companies to take part in its  

E-print Network

information to women so they will never regret buying the wrong beauty product again. Neighbourhood Networks.brw.com.au/p/entrepreneurs/incubate_names_winter_cycle_... 1 of 2 31/07/2013 2:31 PM #12;Topics: Entrepreneurship (/t/Entrepreneurship) Fast (/t/Fast) Start

Wasinger, Rainer

429

Minority stress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults in australia: associations with psychological distress, suicidality, and substance use.  

PubMed

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other same-sex attracted young people have been shown to be at a higher risk of mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, suicidality, and substance abuse, compared to their heterosexual peers. Homophobic prejudice and stigma are often thought to underlie these disparities. In this study, the relationship between such experiences of social derogation and mental health and substance use in same-sex attracted young people was examined using Meyer's minority stress theory. An online survey recruited 254 young women and 318 young men who identified as same-sex attracted, were aged 18-25 years, and lived in Sydney, Australia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that internalized homophobia, perceived stigma, and experienced homophobic physical abuse were associated with higher levels of psychological distress and self-reported suicidal thoughts in the previous month. Furthermore, perceived stigma and homophobic physical abuse were associated with reporting a lifetime suicide attempt. The association between minority stress and substance use was inconsistent. While, as expected, higher levels of perceived stigma were associated with club drug dependence, there was an inverse association between internalized homophobia and club drug use, and between perceived stigma and hazardous alcohol use. The findings of this study provide support for the minority stress theory proposition that chronic social stress due to sexual orientation is associated with poorer mental health. The high rates of mental health and substance use problems in the current study suggest that same-sex attracted young people should continue to be a priority population for mental health and substance use intervention and prevention. PMID:24573397

Lea, Toby; de Wit, John; Reynolds, Robert

2014-11-01

430

How are patients managing with the costs of care for chronic kidney disease in Australia? A cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) poses a financial burden on patients and their households. This descriptive study measures the prevalence of economic hardship and out-of-pocket costs in an Australian CKD population. Methods A cross-sectional study of patients receiving care for CKD (stage III-V) in Western Sydney, Australia using a structured questionnaire. Data collection occurred between November 2010 and April 2011. Multivariate analyses assessed the relationships between economic hardship and individual, household and health system characteristics. Results The study included 247 prevalent CKD patients. A mean of AUD$907 per three months was paid out-of-pocket resulting in 71% (n=153) of participants experiencing financial catastrophe (out-of-pocket costs exceeding 10% of household income). Fifty-seven percent (n=140) of households reported economic hardship. The adjusted risk factors that decreased the likelihood of hardship included: home ownership (OR: 0.32, 95% CI: 0.14-0.71), access to financial resources (OR: 0.24, 95% CI: 0.11-0.50) and quality of life (OR: 0.12, 95% CI: 0.02-0.56). The factors that increased the likelihood of hardship included if income was negatively impacted by CKD (OR: 4.80, 95% CI: 2.17-10.62) and concessional status (i.e. receiving government support) (OR: 3.09, 95% CI: 1.38-6.91). Out-of-pocket costs and financial catastrophe were not found to be significantly associated with hardship in this analysis. Conclusions This study describes the poorer economic circumstances of households affected by CKD and reinforces the inter-relationships between chronic illness, economic well-being and quality of life for this patient population. PMID:23305212

2013-01-01

431

Integron Gene Cassettes and Degradation of Compounds Associated with Industrial Waste: The Case of the Sydney Tar Ponds  

PubMed Central

Integrons are genetic platforms that accelerate lateral gene transfer (LGT) among bacteria. They were first detected on plasmids bearing single and multiple drug resistance determinants in human pathogens, and it is abundantly clear that integrons have played a major role in the evolution of this public health menace. Similar genetic elements can be found in nonpathogenic environmental bacteria and in metagenomic environmental DNA samples, and it is reasonable to suppose that integrons have facilitated microbial adaptation through LGT in niches outside infectious disease wards. Here we show that a heavily impacted estuary, exposed for almost a century to products of coal and steel industries, has developed a rich and unique cassette metagenome, containing genes likely to aid in the catabolism of compounds associated with industrial waste found there. In addition, we report that the most abundant cassette recovered in this study is one that encodes a putative LysR protein. This autoregulatory transcriptional regulator is known to activate transcription of linked target genes or unlinked regulons encoding diverse functions including chlorocatechol and dichlorophenol catabolism. Finally, only class 1 integrase genes were amplified in this study despite using different primer sets, and it may be that the cassettes present in the Tar Ponds will prove to be associated with class 1 integrase genes. Nevertheless, our cassette library provides a snapshot of a complex evolutionary process involving integron-meditated LGT likely to be important in natural bioremediation. PMID:19390587

Koenig, Jeremy E.; Sharp, Christine; Dlutek, Marlena; Curtis, Bruce; Joss, Michael; Boucher, Yan; Doolittle, W. Ford

2009-01-01

432

Re-imagining teachers’ work: photographs of Blackfriars School, Sydney, 1913-1923 as representations of an educational alternative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visual representations of teachers and teachers’ work over the past century and a half, in both professional literature and popular media, commonly construct teachers’ work as teacher-centred, and built around specific technologies that privilege the teacher as the active, dominant and legitimate principal agent in the educational process. This article analyses a set of photographs that represent an ‘alternative’ educational

2009-01-01

433

Energy Savings in Direct Evaporative Cooling: real application in the Madrid metro and simulated application for offices in Sydney  

E-print Network

Water evaporates spontaneously in contact with the air, absorbing around 680 W/(kg/h of evaporated water) from the air (1,053 BTU/lb.). Direct Evaporative Cooling (DEC) exploits this simple physical phenomenon to achieve high cooling capacities...

Simonetti, R.

2010-01-01

434

Perinatal lessons from the past: Sir Norman Gregg, ChM, MC, of Sydney (1892-1966) and rubella embryopathy  

PubMed Central

By identifying rubella infection in early pregnancy as a cause of congenital malformations and disabilities, Gregg alerted the medical profession to the importance of the prenatal environment. PMID:17951553

Dunn, P M

2007-01-01

435

Online Evidence Charts to Help Students Systematically Evaluate Theories and Alex O. Holcombe, alex.holcombe@sydney.edu.au  

E-print Network

Online Evidence Charts to Help Students Systematically Evaluate Theories and Evidence Alex O these goals, we have created a web-based "evidence-charting" tool (available at http://www.evidencechart.org). The main feature of the website is an interactive chart, providing students a structure to list

Holcombe, Alex O.

436

SEVENTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF FAMILY STUDIES CONFERENCE Family futures: issues in research and policy: Sydney 24 - 26 July \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature vs. nurture debate on whether it is biology or environment that causes human beings to choose certain roles and lifestyles is a perennial controversy in sociobiology, but since the seventies the debate has been extended to whether nurture, i.e. culture, can override biology and be a determinant of sex itself. This paper critiques the \\

Babette Francis

437

What Role Can Community Contact Play in Heritage Language Literacy Development? Japanese-English Bilingual Children in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When linguistic minority parents wish to develop and maintain their children's literacy in heritage languages (HLs), what can they do to help? How and to what extent do the individual contexts of language use and background affect the development and maintenance of HL literacy, compared with the sociocultural context of community? What are the…

Oriyama, Kaya

2012-01-01

438

‘Shades of grey’: spaces in and beyond trafficking for Thai Women involved in commercial sexual labour in Sydney and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I explore the migration trajectories of some Thai women trafficked internationally for commercial sexual exploitation, suggesting that many figuratively ‘cross the border’ between coerced and consensual existence in volatile migrant sex industries during the course of their migration experiences, thus complicating debates around the notion of choice in ‘sex’ trafficking. In exploring these women's transitions I seek

Sallie Yea

2012-01-01

439

‘Shades of grey’: spaces in and beyond trafficking for Thai Women involved in commercial sexual labour in Sydney and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I explore the migration trajectories of some Thai women trafficked internationally for commercial sexual exploitation, suggesting that many figuratively ‘cross the border’ between coerced and consensual existence in volatile migrant sex industries during the course of their migration experiences, thus complicating debates around the notion of choice in ‘sex’ trafficking. In exploring these women's transitions I seek

Sallie Yea

2011-01-01

440

ANU COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES Dr Oliver Marc Hartwich, The Centre for Independent Studies, Sydney  

E-print Network

that many of Europe's current problems are not purely economic. They are the result of some basic and European affairs in the Australian media. Oliver studied Business Administration and Economics at Bochum, 1:30pm ­ 2:30pm Europe is a continent in crisis. The financial problems of many European economies

441

Montreal Quebec City Corner Brook Charlottetown Sydney Halifax Saint John Bar Harbor Rockland/Camden Newport New York  

E-print Network

OF THE WORLD'S BEST CRUISE LINES From $ 3,999per person October 7 - 19, 2012 Sponsored By #12;V1 Indulge and magnificent oceanfront scenery. The autumn colors of North America's famed east coast are vibrantly displayed. Sincerely, Tina Casella Associate Director #12;PLAN COST PER PERSON IS BASED ON THE TOTAL COST OF THE CRUISE

Raina, Ramesh

442

Paper to be presented at ASCILITE Conference, Sydney, Dec 3-6, 2006 Increasing success in first year courses: assessment  

E-print Network

-completion and the quality of the first year student experience have been linked to recent changes in higher education-regulation, first year experience, student success. Introduction Across the higher education sector retention issues across a number of countries have identified four broad reasons why students leave academic

Azzopardi, Leif

443

Read ACROSS for project teams. Amarnani,Neena Narayan Rosen,Joelle Sydney Skatter,Kelli Marie  

E-print Network

Alexander,Jaime Beth Bennett,Madeleine Jane Walsh,Amanda Joan Anderson,Brittany Esch,Ally Maxwell,Sharon Marie Duong,Nga My Lo,Keo Ton Moua,Yer Jacobs,Andrew Parker,Jesse Roth,Michael Kerstenetzky,Luiza Mirr,George Vincent Lewis,Justin Adrian Robbins,Brett Andrew Silver,Adam Howard Markovich,Yevgenia Wallach

Wardrop, Robert L.

444

From Sydney to Beijing: the evolution of the photographic coverage of Paralympic Games in five European countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of the Paralympic Movement during the last few decades has been reinforced significantly by the Olympic reform process, particularly as the efforts of the IOC 2000 Commission fortified the relationship between Olympic and Paralympic Committees. However, this development is scarcely illustrated in the world media arena; several scholars draw attention to the dearth of coverage of elite athletes

Athanasios Pappous; Anne Marcellini; Eric de Léséleuc

2011-01-01

445

The Wild Life of Pesticides: urban agriculture, institutional responsibility, and the future of biodiversity in Sydney's Hawkesbury-Nepean River  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural chemicals are a notoriously intractable source of environmental pollution. Offering enhanced agricultural productivity, they simultaneously risk degrading the ecological basis upon which agriculture depends. This paper considers chemicalisation as a cause of the erosion of aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem resilience, focusing on the Hawkesbury-Nepean River and the small-scale horticulturalists who supply the city's fresh vegetable markets, working under the

Roel Plant; Jeremy Walker; Scott Rayburg; Jacqueline Gothe; Teresa Leung

2012-01-01

446

Levels and Functions of HIV/AIDS Stigma within the Iranian Community Living in the Sydney Metropolitan Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines the levels of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related stigma among the Iranian population and the factors that contribute to the formation of stigma within the study population. Design: A quantitative research design was used in this research whereby participants completed…

Hosseinzadeh, Hassan; Hossain, Syeda Zakia; Niknami, Shamsaddin

2012-01-01

447

Climatological annual cycle of upper ocean oxygen content anomaly Hernan E. Garcia, Tim P. Boyer, Sydney Levitus, Ricardo A. Locarnini,  

E-print Network

Climatological annual cycle of upper ocean oxygen content anomaly Hernan E. Garcia, Tim P. Boyer; published 10 March 2005. [1] The climatological annual cycle of oxygen content anomaly of the 0­100 m depth. Levitus, R. A. Locarnini, and J. I. Antonov (2005), Climatological annual cycle of upper ocean oxygen

448

Population policies in Southeast Asia and Australia: the international relevance of domestic affairs.  

PubMed

There are 2 underlying themes to this paper: national perceptions of population circumstances at home and abroad are the crucial determinants of population policies adopted, and the differences in perceptions help explain why national reactions differ to circumtances which appear similar; and population policy, though an internal matter, has international repercussions and thus can become a sensitive issue in international relations. Until recently, ASEAN countries were united with Vietnam on at least 1 issue: attitudes toward the growth and changing distribution of their populations. The objectives were slower growth through lowered fertility, resistance to immigration from abroad except in very special circumstances, resettlement of population to undeveloped areas with potential for agriculture, and slowing the growth of big cities. The Australian situation differed. As a high income nation populated primarily through immigration and set in a region of far more populous and densely settled nations, Australia's policy favored population growth and used an immigration program as a way to realize this end. Yet, even so, population growth in most postwar years was slower than that of all Southeast Asian nations. And, although immigration was encouraged, the resistance to immigration that characterized Southeast Asian countries was shared by Australia with respect to all but North Western Europeans, an "acceptable" category progressively widened by dint of curcumstances to include Eastern Europeans, then Southern Europeans, then certain Middle Eastern peoples, and finally Asians and Latin Americans. Australia shared with Southeast Asian nations the concern with big-city growth and like the Southeast Asian nations searched for appropriate policies to contain this growth and promote that of smaller cities and towns. This search stopped in the 1970s when the report of the National Population showed that accepted projections of the populations of Sydney and Melbourne had been unrealisticably high. Until 1983 Southeast Asia presented a fairly united front on population policy matters. The momentous break occurred when the Malaysian Prime Minister announced to his current 15 million people a target of 70 million for Malaysia's population and followed this up with pronatalist policies in support of this goal. The key point in the context of this paper, is to emphasize that perceptions of national self-interest have led to the adoption of widely divergent policies in neighboring Malaysia and Singapore. Singapore is offering strong financial incentives for its socioeconomically disadvantaged groups to have fewer children. Malaysia's incentives to have more people will have most impact on the disadvantaged groups. There is little difference between Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Vietnam on fertility goals, and their perceptions of the problem appear similar. Malaysian population and ethnic policies have had a number of direct effects on Australia. It was ethnic politics that determined Malaysia's hard line attitude toward Vietnamese refugees. Australia's acceptance of large numbers of Vietnamese refugees probably resulted as much from the strong pressure applied by ASEAN nations to do so as from humanitarian grounds. Another aspect of Malaysian ethnic politics which has had direct repercussions on Australia is the discrimination against non-Malay students for places in Malaysian universities. PMID:12267174

Jones, G W

1984-01-01

449

Privatizing Australia  

SciTech Connect

The sun is setting on Australia`s long tradition of state involvement in business. As part of efforts begun in the late-1980`s to stem the tide of debt rising within Australian federal and state treasuries, government-owned entities are being corporatized and privatized, and private companies are sponsoring a large share of the country`s new infrastructure projects.

Burr, M.T.

1995-07-01

450

Samoa: Australia’s Pacific Success Story?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we focus on the two issues that link Australia and Samoa – aid and migration. We will examine the role Australia has played in the social and economic transformation of Samoa since the 1970s, the cost and rewards of these changes, and how they have shaped Samoa’s relations with Australia. Currently Australia’s commercial interests in Samoa are

Penelope Schoeffel; Malama Meleisea

451

Trialling urine diversion in Australia: technical and social learnings.  

PubMed

This paper discusses a urine diversion (UD) trial implemented within the institutional setting of the University of Technology Sydney that sought to identify key issues for public UD and reuse systems at scale in the Australian urban context. The trial was novel in its transdisciplinary action research approach, that included consideration of urine diverting toilets (UDTs) as socio-technical systems where interactions between users' practices and perceptions and the performance of the technology were explored. While the study explored a broad range of issues that included urine transport, reuse, and regulations, amongst others, the boundary of the work presented in this paper is the practicalities of UD practice within public urban buildings. Urine volume per urinal use, an important metric for sizing tanks for collecting urine from waterless urinal systems in commercial buildings, was also estimated. The project concluded that current UDTs are unsuitable to public/commercial spaces, but waterless urinals have a key role. PMID:24292466

Abeysuriya, Kumi; Fam, Dena; Mitchell, Cynthia

2013-01-01

452

Reviews Australian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Francis G. Castles, The Working Class and Welfare: Reflections on the Political Development of the Welfare State in Australia and New Zealand, 1890–1980, Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1985, pp.128. $11.95 (paper)B. Costar and D. Woodward (eds), Country to National: Australian Rural Politics, Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1985, pp.150. $24.95 (cloth), $12.95 (paper)Jim Moss, Sound of Trumpets: History of the Labour

Winton Higgins; John Craig; John Wanna; Chris Fisher; Tony Ellis; Rob McQueen; Allan Brown; Mark Finnane; Stuart L. Pardau; Peter Beilharz; Alastair Davidson; Brian Head; Peter Graham; James Walter; Owen Hughes; L. J. Hume; David Boucher; Kevin Hewison; Michael W. Jackson; John Keane; Paul E. Corcoran; Di Zetlin; Joan Rydon

1986-01-01

453

VIRULENCE-LINKED COLONIAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATION IN LEPTOSPIRA  

PubMed Central

Faine, S. (University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia), and J. van der Hoeden. Virulence-linked colonial and morphological variation in Leptospira. J. Bacteriol. 88:1493–1496. 1964.—Large-colony typical hooked Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae was virulent for hamsters and guinea pigs. On cultivation, it was gradually replaced by a serologically identical small-colony avirulent straight mutant. The hooked virulent form was selected in vivo. Images PMID:14234810

Faine, S.; Hoeden, J. Van Der

1964-01-01

454

JAS Review of books  

Microsoft Academic Search

David Hendy, Radio in the Global Age, Polity Press, Cambridge, 2000, pp 260, pb $53.90.Rob Johnson, Cash for Comment: The Seduction of Journo Culture, Pluto Press, Annandale, 2000, pp 286, pb $32.95.J Mohan Malik (ed.), Australia's Security in the 21st Century, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1999, 304 pp, $32.95.Andrew McGahan, Last Drinks, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 2000, pp 377, pb

Mick Counihan; Matthew Ricketson; Alexey D Muraviev; Carolyn van Langenberg; Cath Ellis; Brett Hutchins; Judy Skene; Christine Choo; David Walker; Philip Mendes; Daniel Oakman; Bruce Johnson; Catharine Coleborne; Robert Imre; Michael Ackland; Rick Rutjens; Debra Zott; Steve Evans; Denise Whitehouse; Deborah Gare; Janda Gooding; Richard Trembath; Philip Burgess; Paul Genoni

2001-01-01

455

Geoscience Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Australian Government, Geoscience Australia is an expansive website featuring the research and geospatial information the agency provides for the benefit of economic, environmental, and social communities. Visitors can obtain Australian maps for a variety of geologic datasets including the geomagnetic fields, gravity surveys, and crustal elements. The online tools provide data of recent earthquakes and sunrise and sunset times. Students and teachers can find fun, educational online activities dealing with remote sensing, minerals, and the Australian geography. Anyone interested in Australia's geologic and geographic environment from its geodesy to its marine and coastal environments will want to visit this vast website.

456

Indigenous Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Indigenous Australia Website, presented in affiliation with the Australian Museum and the Australia's Cultural Network, combines two Websites -- Dreaming Online and Stories of the Dreaming (see the July 16, 1999 Scout Report) -- into one comprehensive resource. An engaging introduction to the 60,000-year-old cultural heritage of Australia's Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders, the site is divided into four main sections: Background Info, Stories of the Dreaming, For Kids, and For Teachers. The Background section provides users with a nice overview, accompanied by images, of art and dress, spiritual and family life, the relationship of indigenous peoples to the land, and their interactions with British colonists, as well as a fairly detailed timeline. Stories of the Dreaming offers short movies of people reciting the tales from their ancestors about the land, sea, and animals. These were filmed in the rugged backdrop of Australia and are available as low or high quality videos (RealPlayer) or as audio or text only. The Teachers and Kids pages supply additional resources including links, a glossary, a FAQ, and advice on teaching lessons in indigenous studies.

457

Using Comprehensive Biophysical Characterisation of Hydro-Geologic Landscapes to Constrain Surficial and Subsurface Fluid Flow and Solute Transport: An Example from Southern Rivers in Southeast Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The geology in the transect from Canberra to the east coast of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, consists of three major groups. These include the rocks of the Palaeozoic Lachlan Fold Belt, Mesozoic Sydney Basin sediments and Cainozoic sediments. The Lachlan Fold Belt lithologies, in the study area, are characterised by an intensely deformed Ordovician turbidite basement overlain by Silurian and Devonian rift successions, with siliciclastic and volcanogenic sediment fill, bimodal volcanics and associated granitic intrusions. These rocks are unconformably overlain by thick, relatively flat-lying, Permo-Triassic glacial-periglacial, fluvial and shallow marine siliciclastic sediments of the Sydney Basin. Localised areas of Cainozoic gravels cover the palaeo-landscapes developed on the older rocks, and modern fluvial and coastal processes continue to modify the landscape. Salt is concentrated in this landscape through aeolian accession, deposition from oceanic aerosols, or rarely as fossil (connate) salts. The redistribution of salts by the process of aeolian accession typically takes place when the salts are coupled with windblown dust known as parna. For south-eastern NSW, this dust originates from areas which are more arid, such as the western regions of the NSW and Victorian states. Aerosols from the ocean can be responsible for the deposition of salts up to a few hundred kilometres from their source. This process is responsible for a significant contribution of salt in the south-east of NSW, especially on the coastal plains and the eastern Southern Highlands. The presence of connate fluids is commonly associated with marine derived sediments. While many of the geological units of the Lachlan Fold Belt were marine deposits, these units have undergone up to four major folding and faulting events and many minor deformations. It is commonly believed that these units have been too intensely deformed, upthrust, eroded and flushed to allow the retention of any original salts deposited at the time of formation. In addition, many of the sedimentary units were formed in a fluvial environment and did not have associated marine salts at the time of formation. In lowland areas, where landscapes are dominated by unconsolidated sediments, salts can be deposited and redeposited as solid grains, they can crystallise in pore spaces in the sediments and they can be adsorbed onto iron oxides and clay minerals. These salts can also be dissolved and mobilised into surface and groundwater systems and move through the landscape in this manner. In upland areas, the processes of distribution, storage and mobilisation of salts are similar, however there is typically more rock outcrop and the structure of the landscape is influenced by distribution of weathering products and unconsolidated materials. To improve the understanding of the way in which salt is mobilised in different landscapes, it is important to understand the way in which water moves through the landscape, as it is the principle agent involved in the weathering of rocks to form regolith, and water mobilises salts contained in the regolith and fractured rock. Biophysical characterisation of the landscapes developed on each of these geological units allows the constraint of salt storage and distribution across these landscapes. This can be used to inform the development of conceptual models for saline fluid flow. Development of Hydro-Geologic Landscape polygons, a scaled and modified Groundwater Flow Systems approach, describes areas with like biophysical characteristics within a landscape, and hence like salt storage capacity and fluid flow parameters. Initially this work was used to characterise landscape areas for regional natural resource management (NRM) decision making, but at more detailed scale it has proven to be a useful applied tool for on-ground agricultural management and NRM at catchment and sub-catchment scale. Further, this work helps define a range of other NRM issues in addition to the storage and release of salts across the landscape. The Hydro-Geologic Landscape mo

Harvey, K.; Moore, C. L.

2009-04-01

458

Immigrant Families in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australia has a larger and more diverse immigrant population than most Western societies. Australia's immigration history is linked to the story of family migration as Australia sought immigrants for permanent settlement. However, it is important to aviod over-generalisation when studying immigrant families in Australia today. The main hypothesis is that in order to understand the immigrant family in Australia today

Jock Collins

1992-01-01

459

Southern Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

South-central Australia is home to several deserts, including the Simpson Desert, whose reddish-orange sands are seen in the upper left quadrant of this Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from July 1, 2002. Several impermanent, salty, lakes stand whitely out against the arid terrain. The largest is North Lake Eyre, southwest of center. At bottom center, Spencer Gulf separates the triangular Eyre Peninsula from the Yorke Peninsula. The Gulf of St. Vincent separates Yorke Peninsula from the mainland. In Spencer Gulf, colorful blue-green swirls indicate the presence of a bloom of marine plants called phytoplankton, whose brightly colored photosynthetic pigments stain the water. Water quality in the Gulf is an ongoing problem for Australia, as irrigation projects have diverted the already small flow of freshwater that empties into the Gulf. Other problems include contamination with pesticides and agricultural and residential fertilizer. On both the Eyre Peninsula and in the Victoria Territory to the east of Spencer Gulf, dark-colored rectangles show the boundaries of parks and nature preserves where the natural, drought-tolerant vegetation thrives.

2002-01-01

460

Deciphering the crustal structure of the Tasmanides in southeastern Australia with anisotropic short-period Rayleigh wave tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Tasmanides of Australia were formed by a series of tectonic supercycles that determined the crustal - and probably the lithospheric - structure of the eastern third of the Australian continent during the Phanerozoic. In southeast Australia, the Tasmanides essentially consist of the Delamerian, Lachlan and New England orogens whose mutual boundaries are obscured by the presence of large Mesozoic to Cenozoic sedimentary basins: the Sydney Basin at the boundary separating the Lachlan and the New England orogens, and the Murray Basin at the boundary between the Delamerian and the Lachlan orogens. In this work, we exploit the ambient noise wavefield recorded by the largest transportable seismic array experiment in the southern hemisphere, which has operated in eastern Australia from 1998 to present and involves the deployment of over 700 temporary stations with an average interstation distance of about 50 km. We analyze Rayleigh wave phase dispersion curves obtained in a previous study on more than 8,200 cross-correlograms using data from 450 sites, and we perform an anisotropic tomography inversion for periods ranging from 1 to 20 s in order to account for the apparent dependence of Rayleigh wavespeeds on azimuthal propagation direction. The resulting maps allow us to identify several crustal elements in terms of lateral extent, wavespeed and anisotropy. The Archean Gawler Craton and Proterozoic Curnamona Province, as well as the Eastern and Central Subprovinces of the Lachlan Orogen, are characterized by high velocities, while the Western Subprovince of the Lachlan Orogen and the Adelaide Fold Belt exhibit lower velocities. The transition from Delamerian to Lachlan orogens is marked by a clear change from high to low velocity and a change in anisotropy pattern, especially in the northern sector of the model. In the western Lachlan subprovince, the fast direction changes from SE-NW in the South to SW-NE in the North, and follows the orientation of its boundary with the Delamerian Orogen. This suggests that the proto-Pacific margin of east Gondwana was significantly curved, in contrast with the consistently NS fast axis orientation of the eastern Lachlan Orogen that suggests a more linear margin. It also appears that crustal anisotropy in the Lachlan Orogen was not significantly affected by events that have followed its formation such as Cenozoic volcanism or the separation between Australia and Antarctica. Largely on the basis of high resolution aeromagnetic maps, several recent studies have identified the possible presence of a remnant fragment of Precambrian lithosphere - possibly originating from the break-up of Rodinia - embedded within the Lachlan Orogen. Intriguingly, our anisotropic tomography results show the fast axis of anisotropy almost mimicking the magnetic lineations which appear to wrap around a region that is now referred to as the Hay-Booligal Zone. The close correlation between the patterns of azimuthal anisotropy and lineations identified in potential field data is one of the most remarkable outcomes of this high resolution study.

Arroucau, P.; Rawlinson, N.; Young, M.; Salmon, M.

2013-12-01

461

The Applications of Genetic Algorithms in Stock Market Data Mining Optimisation  

E-print Network

, NSW 2007, Australia Capital Market CRC, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia Abstract In stock marketThe Applications of Genetic Algorithms in Stock Market Data Mining Optimisation Li Lin, Longbing: Technical trading rule; Genetic Algorithm; sub-domain; Parameter combination; 1 Introduction In stock market

Cao, Longbing

462

Taking the Initiative: Ensuring an Educational Role for Libraries in the Information Society Stream. Education and Information Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper comprises four case studies that illustrate the State Library of New South Wales' (Australia) commitment to learning. The first section describes a shared learning environment for graduate information studies students that was collaboratively developed by the State Library and the University of Technology, Sydney (Australia). The second…

Kallenberger, Nikki

463

2014 STUDY ABROAD FAIR RSVP list as of 8/14/14  

E-print Network

/Collaborative Governance Challenges in Forests and Protected Areas in Southeast Europe BRAZIL/Brazil Health Exposure/International College of Management � Sydney Human Medicine Asian Studies Center AUSTRALIA/Internships in Australia Management Jewish Studies Program AUSTRIA and GERMANY/Music, Art and Language in Bregenz Kinesiology

464

Story Telling: Australian Indigenous Women's Means of Health Promotion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Story-telling, an oral tradition of the indigenous peoples of Australia, was recorded on video as a vehicle for conveying health promotion messages in several urban Aboriginal (Koori) communities in Sydney, Australia. The video was made by a group of Koori women Elders and two female Aboriginal academics. The Elders integrated their personal…

Brock, Kaye; Acklin, F.; Newman, J.; Arbon, V.; Trindal, A.; Bermingham, M.; Thompson, B.

465

Cardinal Pell blesses Notre Dame's future doctors  

Microsoft Academic Search

His Eminence Cardinal George Pell has welcomed new students to the University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney School of Medicine at the annual Blessing of the Hands ceremony.His Eminence celebrated the liturgy at Sacred Heart Church at Darlinghurst. In attendance were the new Medicine students, their families and friends, Notre Dame staff and governors and members of the medical profession.

Elizabeth Fenech

2012-01-01

466

MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser  

E-print Network

, Sydney South, New South Wales 1232, Australia 4 Plant Functional Biology and Climate Change Cluster physical and chemical data set from 4 coastal stations around Australia plus remotely sensed Sea the microplankton, especially during periods of low stratification. In conclusion, the physical, chemical

Baird, Mark

467

Preservice Teachers' Learning among Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a collaborative venture between Autism Spectrum Australia and the University of Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The Social Club network was formed for children and adolescents to provide structured opportunities for positive peer interactions in safe, stimulating and nonjudgmental environments. The Social Clubs…

Power, Anne; Costley, Debra

2014-01-01

468

Stabilization of Native Protein Fold by Intein-Mediated Covalent Cyclization  

E-print Network

. Beck3 , Nicholas E. Dixon1 and Gottfried Otting1 * 1 Research School of Chemistry Australian National Australia 4 School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences University of Sydney NSW 2006, Australia 5 School spectrometry showed a uniform, approximately tenfold decrease of the exchange rates of the most slowly

Attard, Phil

469

Fabulous Facts about Australia: Australia's Distinctive Landscape  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Geoscience Australia, the national agency for geoscience research and geospatial information, this Web site is called the Fabulous Facts about Australia: Australia's Distinctive Landscape Web site. The Dimensions link on the page describes the continents coastline length; oceans and seas; continental physical extremes; the area of Australia, its states, and territories; climatic extremes; and more. The landforms link tells about the continents deserts, mountains, and waterfalls, while the maps link allows kids to zoom in and out of features, view different map themes, and print them all. The easily read descriptions and attractive photographs and illustrations make this site a great educational tool for kids of all ages.

2002-01-01

470

TransitionMate: a mobile application for chronic illness transition support  

E-print Network

to adult health care. This transition typically occurs simultaneously with other changes in the surrounding Sydney Medical School University of Sydney and Academic Department of Adolescent Medicine, The Children of Sydney {emily.klineberg, kate.steinbeck@health.nsw.gov.au, mary.lam@sydney.edu.au} ABSTRACT Adolescent

Calvo, Rafael A.

471

Public perceptions of the transmission of pandemic influenza A/H1N1 2009 from pigs and pork products in Australia.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional study was conducted at the height of the pandemic influenza H1N1/09 outbreak in Australia in 2009. The objectives of the study were to evaluate public perceptions about transmission and prevention of the disease, to understand their concerns and preparedness to cope with the disease, and to investigate drivers influencing their behaviour. A questionnaire was designed and administered to 510 customers visiting 15 butcher shops in the Greater Sydney region between 26th June and 2nd August 2009. Data were analysed to estimate the proportion of people with certain perceptions and to evaluate the influence of these perceptions on two binary outcome variables: (1) whether or not people believed that avoiding pork would protect them from contracting H1N1/09, and (2) whether or not they actually made some changes to pork consumption after the outbreak. A majority of the respondents had perceptions based on fact about transmission and prevention of H1N1/09. As many as 96.8% of the respondents believed that washing their hands frequently was likely to protect them from contracting H1N1/09. Similarly, most believed that they could contract H1N1/09 by travelling on public transport with a sick person present (94.1%), by shaking hands with a sick person (89.2%), or by attending a community gathering (73.7%). Women were more likely than men to have factual perceptions about protective behaviours. Misconceptions regarding transmission of the disease were evident, with 21.7% believing that avoiding eating pork could protect them against H1N1/09, 11.1% believing that they could contract H1N1/09 by drinking tap water, 22.8% by handling uncooked pork meat and 15.6% by eating cooked pork. Approximately one third of respondents believed that working in a pig farm or an abattoir increased their likelihood of contracting H1N1/09 (36.9% and 32.3%, respectively). Younger people (<35 years old) were more likely to have these misconceptions than older people. Reduction in consumption of pork, ham or bacon was significantly associated with misconceptions regarding the risk of contracting H1N1/09 from eating pig meat products. It is recommended that in the event of a future disease emergency, communication activities providing factual information and targeting younger people should be used. PMID:21146879

Dhand, Navneet K; Hernandez-Jover, Marta; Taylor, Melanie; Holyoake, Patricia

2011-02-01

472

Provenance and structural constraints of the early Permian Nambucca Block (eastern Australia), and implications for the origin of the New England oroclines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic southern New England Orogen of eastern Australia exhibits a remarkable omega-shaped orogenic curvature (orocline), but the geodynamic processes responsible for the formation of the orogenic curvatures (oroclines) are still unclear. Oroclinal bending took place during the early Permian, simultaneously with the development of rift-related sedimentary basins (Sydney, Gunnedah and Bowen basins), which bound the oroclines to the west. The Nambucca Block is part of another early Permian rift basin that is situated farther east, in the core of the oroclinal structure. We present new stratigraphic, structural and geochronological data from the Nambucca Block in an attempt to better understand its provenance, tectonic history and its role in the formation of the oroclines. Four phases of folding and associated structural fabrics are recognised in the Nambucca Block. 40Ar/39Ar age of metamorphic micas from the second deformational phase provides a minimum depositional age constraint at 275-265 Ma. This age overlaps with the timing of oroclinal bending, suggesting that the first two phases of deformation resulted from the same mechanism that formed the oroclines. Detrital zircon geochronology (U/Pb ICP-MS ages) of six samples from the Nambucca Block constrains the maximum depositional age of the sequence to 280 Ma. The sedimentary succession, though extremely polymictic, is unimodal in its sources, and is therefore interpreted to consist mainly of recycled detritus from a Devonian-Carboniferous accretionary complex. We propose a model for oroclinal bending involving three stages. The first stage, starting at about 293 Ma and including the deposition of the sequence of Nambucca (i.e. overlaps with the 280-265 Ma time constraint), was associated with formation of rift basins in an extensional backarc setting. This was followed by N-S contraction, which gave rise to second-order oroclinal structures. The third and final stage involved contractional deformation that gave rise to recumbent folds and penetrative sub-horizontal structural fabrics at 275-265 Ma and further tightened the oroclinal structure.

Shaanan, Uri; Rosenbaum, Gideon; Li, Pengfei; Vasconcelos, Paulo; Wormald, Richard

2014-05-01

473

Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide1 Sydney Park Brown, J.M. Stephens, Danielle Treadwell, Susan Webb, Amanda Gevens, R.A.  

E-print Network

surface. OrGanic Matter Most Florida soils benefit from the addition of org, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication date December 1999 Sciences Department, and organic farming specialist; Susan Webb, associate professor, Entomology

Watson, Craig A.

474

COMPUMAG-SYDNEY 2011, 1. STATIC AND QUASI-STATIC FIELDS, 11. NUMERICAL TECHNIQUES 1 Subproblem Approach for Thin Shell Dual Finite Element Formulations  

E-print Network

formulations are considered. The subproblem approach developed herein couples three problems: a simplified model with inductors alone, a thin region problem using approximate interface conditions = 1) involving massive or stranded inductors alone is first solved on a simplified mesh without thin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

475

Fairfax Media Limited | ABN 15 008 663 161 1 Darling Island Road, Pyrmont NSW 2009 | GPO Box 506, Sydney NSW 2000 | +61 2 9282 2833  

E-print Network

September 2012: Using Domain's comprehensive suite of mobile apps to come out on top in the property market and digital. "With the Domain mobile apps, property seekers can easily search thousands of properties and information can help our customers come out on top," said Mr Siddons. "The mobile apps mean you'll have all

Peters, Richard

476

Chemotaxonomy for naturally macerated tree-fern cuticles (Medullosales and Marattiales), Carboniferous Sydney and Mabou Sub-Basins, Nova Scotia, Canada  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Naturally macerated cuticles (NMC) and one synangium, representing medullosalean and marattialean tree-fern species, from two Carboniferous coalfields in Nova Scotia, Canada, are investigated. The samples were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and by pyrolysis-gas chromatograph/mass spectrometry (py-Gc/Ms) techniques in search for chemical signatures that would help in developing a chemotaxonomic classification of Carboniferous fern species, assuming genetically dependent make-up of cuticles. FTIR-derived CH2/CH3 ratios, in conjunction with contributions from carboxyl groups, demonstrated a better potential for discriminating between medullosalean genera and species than molecular signatures obtained by py-Gc/Ms. However, the latter provided better data for differentiating medullosalean from marattialean tree ferns as a group. Changes in the chemical make-up of naturally macerated cuticles due to sample preparation are discussed. ?? 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Zodrow, E. L.; Mastalerz, M.

2001-01-01

477

Vitamin D status is associated with sun exposure, vitamin D and calcium intake, acculturation and attitudes in immigrant East Asian women living in Sydney.  

PubMed

Known determinants of vitamin D status (measured in serum as 25(OH)Dnmol/L) are exposure to sunlight and intake of vitamin D, either from foods or vitamin supplements. Recently, low vitamin D status in East Asian Australian immigrants has been reported. Thus the aim of this study was to investigate associations with vitamin D status in East Asian Australian immigrant women. In this cross-sectional study of women (n=152 aged 18-92), 25(OH)D levels were measured from serum samples (radio-immuno assay). Demographics, sun exposure patterns, dietary intake and acculturation factors were obtained by questionnaire. In spring, 53% of the study population had serum 25(OH)D levels <50nmol/L (deficiency); whereas in summer only 19% were deficient. Associations with vitamin D deficiency were younger age, higher education, more sun protection behavior, fewer minutes of sun exposure on weekends, low vitamin D and calcium intake through foods or supplements and less acculturation to Australian lifestyle. After multivariate adjustment, those who had no intake of vitamin D supplements (OR=5.6, CI=1.4-22), less sunlight exposure on weekends (OR=2.7, CI=1.0-7.3) and lower acculturation to Australian lifestyle (OR=2.5, CI=1.0-6.3) had increased risk of being deficient in vitamin D. Thus there is a need for vitamin D education in this "at-risk" population. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled 'Vitamin D Workshop'. PMID:23262263

Brock, Kaye E; Ke, Liang; Tseng, Marilyn; Clemson, Lindy; Koo, Fung K; Jang, Haeyoung; Seibel, Markus J; Mpofu, Elias; Fraser, David R; Mason, Rebecca S

2013-07-01

478

Lucero & Lfqvist: FDA of articulatory variability Proceedings of the 6th International Seminar on Speech Production, Sydney, December 7 to 10,  

E-print Network

that variability is larger in children than in adults, and also in speakers with neurological disorders compared articulator, in each VCV sequence. Our results suggest that variability differs both across articulators to normal subjects, the degree of variability in normal speech articulation is largely unknown. The same

Lucero, Jorge Carlos

479

A pilot study of the prevalence of lumbar disc degeneration in elite athletes with lower back pain at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To observe the prevalence of lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration in elite athletes as compared with published literature of changes seen in non-athletes—that is, normal population. Methods: The lumbar spines of 31 Olympic athletes who presented to the Olympic Polyclinic with low back pain and/or sciatica were examined using magnetic resonance imaging. Three criteria were looked at: (a) the loss of disc signal intensity; (b) the loss of disc height; (c) the presence of disc displacement. The results were then recorded and correlated with the lumbar levels. Results: The disc signal intensity was progressively reduced the more caudal the disc space. It was most common at the L5/S1 level, and, of the abnormal group, 36% (n = 11) showed the most degenerative change. Disc height reduction was also found to be most common at the L5/S1 level. However, the most common height reduction was only mild. A similar trend of increased prevalence of disc herniation was noted with more caudal levels. At the L5/S1 level, 58% were found to have an element of disc displacement, most of which were disc bulges. Compared with changes seen in the normal population (non-athletes) as described in the literature, disc degeneration defined by the above criteria was found to be significantly more severe in these Olympic athletes. Conclusions: Although the study was limited, the results suggest that elite athletes have a greater prevalence and greater degree of lumbar disc degeneration than the normal population. A more detailed follow up study should be considered to investigate which particular training activities have the most impact on the lumbar spine, and how to modify training methods so as to avoid the long term sequelae of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine. PMID:12782554

Ong, A; Anderson, J; Roche, J

2003-01-01

480

Geng et al : Vowel Context Proceedings of the 6th International Seminar on Speech Production, Sydney, December 7 to 10, 2003.  

E-print Network

, Berlin 2 Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh 3 Institute for Phonetics and Digital Speech: Looping patterns as a passive forward movement of the tongue due to airstream mechanisms (Kent & Moll control, postulating the entire movement to be planned in terms of cost minimization principles

481

s1w132011+ Reviews Puzzles vox PoPs Win Free sh*t & MoRe ViVid sydney GiVeaWays  

E-print Network

& Trivia 17 Legal Eagle: Cheaters Technophile: A room with a view Agony Uncle: STFU 18 In the Gnome Go'all, you kept my head shrunk). I will no longer need to explain the question,"What's ATC?"­it's `Arc

New South Wales, University of

482

Email: fees.pay@sydney.edu.au Personal Details (Please refer to CONDITIONS page before completing this form and use BLOCK letters to complete details).  

E-print Network

. 6 Digit BSB Number: - (Bank/State/Branch) Account Number: Refund to a Credit Card * Applies only of Card Holder: Credit Card Number: - - - Expiry Date: - YY Refund to a Bank Account (EFT) Fees Office: *Excludes Bpay, use EFT above. *Credit card refunds will be paid back to the original card only. *Credit

Viglas, Anastasios

483

Faculty Accomplishments Summer & Autumn Quarters 2009 Borland, Katherine and Sydney Hutchinson, co-editors. Special Issue of the Journal of American  

E-print Network

, co-editors. Special Issue of the Journal of American Folklore: Latin American Dance in Transnational. Special Issue of the Journal of American Folklore: Latin American Dance in Transnational Contexts 122 of the Journal of American Folklore: Latin American Dance in Transnational Contexts 122(486): 375-377. 2009

Jones, Michelle

484

In Proceedings of ASWEC'97, Sydney, Sept 28-Oct 2, 1997, IEEE CS Press. 1997 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to  

E-print Network

Past Event Histories in a Process-Centred Software Engineering Environment John C. Grundy, Warwick B to coordinate their multiple tool and software process usage. Process-centred Software Engineering Environments when using process models to guide collaborative software development. We describe techniques for work

Grundy, John

485

Students Ratings Chart University of Technology Sydney *Please note that the following ratings have been taking from uOttawa students testimonies and  

E-print Network

://www.uts.edu.au/ ENG N.B. (Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Health is not open to exchange students) Testimonies." Pre-Departure/Pré-Départ : Tips: Inquire for a visa, keep an eye on the exchange rate, set up a bank the assimilation of the subject that was taught in class." "As an engineering student what I first noticed

Petriu, Emil M.

486

Proceedings of the 2006 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2006), pages 120128, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-print Network

with Structural Correspondence Learning John Blitzer Ryan McDonald Fernando Pereira {blitzer|ryantm|pereira than a decade (Ratnaparkhi, 1996; Sha and Pereira, 2003). Furthermore, end-to-end sys- tems like speech., 1992; Pereira et al., 1993; Blei et al., 2003). In this work we choose to use the technique

487

A 6Year Study of Cognition and Spatial Function in the Demented and Non-Demented Elderly: The Sydney Older Persons Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Spatial function has been suggested to be disproportionately worse in people with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) than other dementia groups, and poor performance on the Mini-Mental State Examination pentagon copying (PC) task has been proposed as adequate for assessing this. We aimed to establish the prevalence of poor PC in the non-demented elderly; determine the validity of the

Hayley P. Bennett; Olivier Piguet; David A. Grayson; Helen Creasey; L. M. Waite; G. A. Broe; G. M. Halliday

2003-01-01

488

Children's Use of Electronic Technologies in the Home (Based on Structured Interviews with 275 Children in Eleven Primary Schools in Urban Sydney).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined similarities and differences among children who regularly use computers at home, including difference in their families and communities. The following characteristics were identified as key factors that might be associated with differences: gender, age, parental computing experiences, number of computers in the home,…

Downes, Toni; Reddacliff, Cathy; Moont, Sue

489

The Sydney Multicentre Study of Parkinson's disease: a randomised, prospective five year study comparing low dose bromocriptine with low dose levodopa-carbidopa  

Microsoft Academic Search

149 previously untreated patients with Parkinson's disease were recruited over a three year period and randomly allocated to either low dose levodopa-carbidopa (< or = 600\\/150 mg\\/day) or low dose bromocriptine (< or = 30 mg\\/day). A five year follow up is reported on the 126 patients who completed the dose titration and who have not developed features of atypical

M A Hely; J G Morris; W G Reid; D J OSullivan; P M Williamson; D Rail; G A Broe; S Margrie

1994-01-01

490

Injuries in professional rugby leagueA three-year prospective study of the South Sydney Professional Rugby League Football Club  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this 3-year prospective study, the incidence and nature of injuries incurred by a professional rugby league football club were investigated. During the 1989, 1990, and 1991 season games, 141 injuries occurred throughout the first, second, and under-21 age teams, which resulted in players missing subsequent games.The incidence of injury was 44.9 per 1000 player- position game hours, which is

Nathan Gibbs

1993-01-01

491

Price formation and liquidity surrounding large trades in interest rate and equity index futures: Further evidence from the Sydney Futures Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of contract-specific attributes, the direction of trade initiation and trade size on the resiliency of financial futures markets by analysing quote prices, bid-ask spreads and depths. The price and liquidity reactions reveal the unexpected information content of large trades, together with the motivation for exchanging a futures contract. In the market adjustment process, the size

James Richard Cummings; Alex Frino

492

Fire Weather Patterns in Australia: Southeast Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The module illustrates the typical synoptic pattern influencing fire weather in southeast Australia. A case study provides insight into how experienced forecasters combine the four key ingredientsâwind, temperature, dew point temperature, and fuel stateâto produce a fire danger index value and resulting forecast policy map. Then, a case exercise allows the learner to practice using weather and fuel data to create a fire weather forecast policy map for southeastern Australia.

Comet

2013-02-26

493

Children's Television in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews developments in the television industry in Australia with specific reference to children's television. Advertising regulations and research and publications related to children's television are also noted. (RAO)

Murray, John P.

1978-01-01

494

Notre Dame excels at the 2009 Australian University Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 27 September to 2 October, 66 students from The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle and Sydney campuses, along with 6,937 students from around Australia, gathered in Sea World on the Gold Coast for the 2009 Australian University Games (AUG).\\u000aThe games began in 1993 and each year the sporting schedule is made up of more than 28 individual

Cassidy Rebecca

2009-01-01

495

Expectant mothers' health a priority for Notre Dame Medicine students  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 1000 expectant mothers in Papua New Guinea will receive Birthing Kits through the work and dedication of Medicine students at The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus.\\u000aThe initiative was inspired by Birthing Kit Foundation (Australia), an organisation dedicated to improving the conditions of women who give birth at home in developing countries.\\u000aThe Medical Association of

Leigh Dawson

2011-01-01