Sample records for sydney sydney australia

  1. Sydney

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-04-16

    ... metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000 Olympic Games, which opened Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the rugged-shaped ... central city area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast. ...

  2. Sydney Convention & Exhibition Centre Sydney, Australia

    E-print Network

    Choi, Woo-Young

    information please contact the Conference Secretariat: ICE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 183 Albion Street, Surry Hills Comparison of 44.6-Gbit/s NRZ- and RZ- DQPSK Format in 50-GHz-Spacing ROADM System T. Yoshimatsu(1), Y

  3. GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014 School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, UNSW, Sydney,

    E-print Network

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014 School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, UNSW, Sydney, Australia The International Scene: How Precise-15) President International Association of Geodesy (2011-15) #12;GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014

  4. "Sydney sandstone": Heritage Stone from Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooper, Barry; Kramar, Sabina

    2014-05-01

    Sydney is Australia's oldest city being founded in 1788. The city was fortunate to be established on an extensive and a relatively undeformed layer of lithified quartz sandstone of Triassic age that has proved to be an ideal building stone. The stone has been long identified by geologists as the Hawkesbury Sandstone. On the other hand the term "Sydney sandstone" has also been widely used over a long period, even to the extent of being utilised as the title of published books, so its formal designation as a heritage stone will immediately formalise this term. The oldest international usage is believed to be its use in the construction of the Stone Store at Kerikeri, New Zealand (1832-1836). In the late 19th century, public buildings such as hospitals, court houses as well as the prominent Sydney Town Hall, Sydney General Post Office, Art Gallery of New South Wales, State Library of New South Wales as well as numerous schools, churches, office building buildings, University, hotels, houses, retaining walls were all constructed using Sydney sandstone. Innumerable sculptures utilising the gold-coloured stone also embellished the city ranging from decorative friezes and capitals on building to significant monuments. Also in the late 19th and early 20th century, Sydney sandstone was used for major construction in most other major Australian cities especially Melbourne, Adelaide and Brisbane to the extent that complaints were expressed that suitable local stone materials were being neglected. Quarrying of Sydney sandstone continues today. In 2000 it was recorded noted that there were 33 significant operating Sydney sandstone quarries including aggregate and dimension stone operations. In addition sandstone continues to be sourced today from construction sites across the city area. Today major dimension stone producers (eg Gosford Quarries) sell Sydney sandstone not only into the Sydney market but also on national and international markets as cladding and paving products as well as block. Recent international projects by Gosford Quarries include Mishima Golf Club in Japan, Al Awadi Tower in Kuwait, New World Resort in China and a Hard Rock Café in Florida, USA. Arguably Sydney sandstone is Australia's most prominent potential Global Heritage Stone Resource and details are readily available in existing publications to make the nomination.

  5. Space Radar Image of Sydney, Australia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    This spaceborne radar image is dominated by the metropolitan area of Australia's largest city, Sydney. Sydney Harbour, with numerous coves and inlets, is seen in the upper center of the image, and the roughly circular Botany Bay is shown in the lower right. The downtown business district of Sydney appears as a bright white area just above the center of the image. The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a white line adjacent to the downtown district. The well-known Sydney Opera House is the small, white dot to the right of the bridge. Urban areas appear yellow, blue and brown. The purple areas are undeveloped areas and park lands. Manly, the famous surfing beach, is shown in yellow at the top center of the image. Runways from the Sydney Airport are the dark features that extend into Botany Bay in the lower right. Botany Bay is the site where Captain James Cook first landed his ship, Endeavour, in 1770. The image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) on April 20, 1994, onboard the space shuttle Endeavour. The area shown is 33 kilometers by 38kilometers (20 miles by 23 miles) and is centered at 33.9 degrees south latitude, 151.2 degrees east longitude. North is toward the upper left. The colors are assigned to different radar frequenciesand polarizations as follows: red is L-band, vertically transmittedand horizontally received; green is C-band, vertically transmitted and horizontally received; and blue is C-band, vertically transmittedand received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italianand United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth. #####

  6. Sydney Aquarium

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site includes a wealth of information on the Sydney Aquarium in Australia. It also features a virtual tour of the aquarium, webcams, games, virtual pets, extensive Australian habitats information, and Ask Professor Mullet, a collection of forums where students can ask questions and discuss marine science topics.

  7. The 2000 Olympic Games: A Climatology for Sydney, Australia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Meteorologists attending or following the 2000 Summer Olympics will enjoy the data tables, maps, and discussion of Sydney, Australia's climatology provided in this 22-page publication. For example, average temperature, rainfall, and wind direction data for this Olympic venue are given. Color maps accompany text and tables.

  8. STRATEGIC PLANNING FOR AIRPORT CAPACITY: An Appreciation of Australia's Process for Sydney1

    E-print Network

    Entekhabi, Dara

    for Sydney, the major center for air transport for the nation (Department of Aviation, 1965; Federal Airports1 STRATEGIC PLANNING FOR AIRPORT CAPACITY: An Appreciation of Australia's Process for Sydney1 Australia has devoted considerable effort, since 1984 or so, to planning for future airport capacity

  9. SEROLOGICAL EVALUATION OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM OOCYSTS FINDINGS IN THE WATER SUPPLY OF SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA

    EPA Science Inventory

    From July to September, 1998, high levels of Cryptospordium oocysts and Giardia cysts were detected in Sydney, Australia drinking water. To evaluate whether Sydney residents had an elevated risk of infection, serological responses to two Cryptospordium antigen groups (15/17 - an...

  10. MISR Looks at Sydney and the Southeastern Australia Coast

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    This image from MISR's nadir-looking camera was acquired on July 11, 2000 (Terra orbit 3009) and shows a 200-kilometer section of the eastern Australian coast, centered around the Sydney metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000 Olympics Games, which open Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the rugged-shaped inlet toward the northern side of the grey-colored central city area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast.

    The areas to the north, west, and south of Sydney are characterized by rugged terrain and extensive forests. Just north of the city the Ku-ring-gai Chase and Brisbane Waters National Parks surround the Hawkesbury River estuary. Further north and separated from the ocean by narrow dunes are a series of lakes, the two largest in this image being Lake Macquarie (at the top) and Tuggerah Lake.

    West of the metropolitan area, some 65 kilometers inland, are the Blue Mountains. The primary transport corridor for road and rail across the mountains is clearly visible, and just north of it is the steep-sided Grose River valley. In the southern part of the mountains is a series of long valleys filled by Lake Burragorang, a major source of Sydney's water supply.

    South of Sydney's central area are Botany Bay, Bate Bay and Port Hacking, and the Royal National Park. Further south, the forested coastline gives way to the city of Wollongong, the adjacent steel-making complex at Port Kembla, and Lake Illawarra.

    MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

  11. OneVentures Pty Ltd Level 2, 18 Bulletin Place, Sydney, NSW 2000 Australia

    E-print Network

    Chen, Ying

    OneVentures Pty Ltd Level 2, 18 Bulletin Place, Sydney, NSW 2000 Australia Office +61 (2) 8205 7379 technologies in Australia and was acquired by a UK publicly listed company returning $30m cash and an excellent, Australia's National ICT centre of excellence. She also has a number of advisory positions with One

  12. CO 2 storage and gas diffusivity properties of coals from Sydney Basin, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Saghafi; M. Faiz; D. Roberts

    2007-01-01

    Measurements of CO2 adsorption and diffusion properties of coals are reported for various coalfields within Sydney Basin, New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Adsorption measurements were undertaken using a gravimetric method. Measurements carried out on 27 coals show that Sydney Basin coals at CO2 sub-critical conditions, namely gas pressures below 6 MPa and temperatures below 39 °C, can adsorb a maximum volume (Langmuir

  13. The recovery of oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) populations in Sydney estuary (Australia).

    PubMed

    Birch, G F; Scammell, M S; Besley, C H

    2014-01-01

    The current work documented a significant and widespread increase in the abundance of the Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea glomerata, in Sydney estuary (Australia) by undertaking surveys of oyster density in the estuary in 1989 and annually from 1994 to 2006. Oyster density at six control sites located in nearby National Parks unaffected by boating and stormwater discharges were compared to 17 study sites widely distributed within Sydney estuary. No oyster populations were evident in Sydney estuary in 1989; however, by 1994 oysters had colonised areas of the lower and central estuary and by 2002 densities were statistically similar to control sites. The timing of estuary-wide increases in oyster abundance suggests that the partial banning of tributyltin in 1989 for vessels under 25 m long may have played a major role in the increase of S. glomerata in this estuary. PMID:24062067

  14. Symmetry Breaking National ICT Australia and School of CSE, University of New South Wales, Sydney,

    E-print Network

    Walsh, Toby

    Symmetry Breaking Toby Walsh National ICT Australia and School of CSE, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, tw@cse.unsw.edu.au Symmetry occurs in many problems in aritifical intelligence be able to swap them around without changing the performance of the computer. Symmetries come in many

  15. A Report on the Peace Education Commission Program, International Peace Research Association Conference 2010, Sydney, Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toh, Swee-Hin

    2010-01-01

    From July 6th to 10th, 2010, International Peace Research Association (IPRA) held its biennial conference at the University of Sydney in Australia. Hosted by the University's Centre for Peace & Conflict Studies and coordinated by Jake Lynch and a team of dedicated staff and volunteers, the conference featured seven plenary panels and many papers…

  16. ASEG 2010 -Sydney, Australia Extended Abstract 1 Inference from noisy data with an unknown number of

    E-print Network

    Bodin, Thomas

    ASEG 2010 - Sydney, Australia Extended Abstract 1 Inference from noisy data with an unknown number of layers is crucial for a reliable interpretation. Without prior knowledge of the number of unknowns. A common solution is to select the number of unknowns using statistical methods based on the level of data

  17. Appropriate experimental design for transplanting mussels ( Mytilus sp.) in analyses of environmental stress: an example in Sydney Harbour (Australia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. J. C Honkoop; B. L Bayne; A. J Underwood; S Svensson

    2003-01-01

    Some locations in Sydney Harbour (Sydney, Australia) contain large amounts of contaminants (heavy metals and hydrocarbons), sometimes in concentrations thought to affect biological systems. In order to estimate effects of sediment-bound contaminants on the physiology of organisms living above the sediment, the rates of clearance and respiration and the efficiency of absorption of mussels, Mytilus sp., living in a contaminated

  18. Identification of lead sources in residential environments: Sydney Australia.

    PubMed

    Laidlaw, M A S; Zahran, S; Pingitore, N; Clague, J; Devlin, G; Taylor, M P

    2014-01-01

    Interior and exterior dust, soil and paint were analysed at five brick urban Sydney homes over 15 months to evaluate temporal variations and discriminate sources of lead (Pb) exposure. Exterior dust gauge Pb loading rates (?g/m(2)/28 days), interior vacuum dust Pb concentrations (mg/kg) and interior petri-dish Pb loading rates (?g/m(2)/28 days), were correlated positively with soil Pb concentrations. Exterior dust gauge Pb loading rates and interior vacuum dust Pb concentrations peaked in the summer. Lead isotope and Pb speciation (XAS) were analysed in soil and vacuum dust samples from three of the five houses that had elevated Pb concentrations. Results show that the source of interior dust lead was primarily from soil in two of the three houses and from soil and Pb paint in the third home. IEUBK child blood Pb modelling predicts that children's blood Pb levels could exceed 5 ?g/dL in two of the five houses. PMID:24071634

  19. Sydney Catchment Authority Managing Biodiversity in the Sydney Water

    E-print Network

    Canberra, University of

    Sydney Catchment Authority Managing Biodiversity in the Sydney Water Supply Catchments Outcomes........................................................................................................................................ 1 2 KEY QUESTIONS RELATING TO BIODIVERSITY IN THE SYDNEY WATER SUPPLY CATCHMENTS........................................................................................................................................... 2 2.1 WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY

  20. Effect of wharves on intertidal assemblages on seawalls in Sydney Harbour, Australia.

    PubMed

    Blockley, David J

    2007-05-01

    Worldwide, urbanisation has resulted in extensive replacement of natural habitats with man-made habitats. In Sydney Harbour, Australia, approximately half of the natural foreshore has been replaced by seawalls. Many of these have wharves built over part of their length, which could affect intertidal assemblages on seawalls beneath the wharves. This was tested by sampling and comparing assemblages under and not under wharves in Sydney Harbour. Assemblages differed between the two habitats, with greater cover of macro-algae and abundance of grazing molluscs on seawalls without a wharf and, to a lesser extent, greater cover of sessile invertebrates on seawalls under a wharf. There was, however, considerable spatial variability among locations in composition of assemblages and the species dominating differences between the two habitats. The impact of multiple artificial structures in close proximity and the variability among apparently homogeneous artificial habitats must be considered for the management of urbanised estuaries. PMID:17166577

  1. The prevalence of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome in Sydney, Australia: a prospective necropsy study.

    PubMed

    Harper, C; Gold, J; Rodriguez, M; Perdices, M

    1989-02-01

    In a prospective necropsy study, the prevalence of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) in Sydney, Australia was 2.1% of adults over the age of 15 years. The population studied encompassed a wide spectrum of socio-economic and cultural backgrounds. Abuse of alcohol appeared to be the major predisposing factor to the development of the WKS in cases which were adequately documented. This high prevalence rate is in line with other clinical and pathological Australian studies and provides additional support for the idea of prevention of the WKS by the use of thiamin supplements in the Australian diet in flour, bread and perhaps alcoholic beverages. PMID:2784828

  2. The prevalence of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome in Sydney, Australia: a prospective necropsy study.

    PubMed Central

    Harper, C; Gold, J; Rodriguez, M; Perdices, M

    1989-01-01

    In a prospective necropsy study, the prevalence of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) in Sydney, Australia was 2.1% of adults over the age of 15 years. The population studied encompassed a wide spectrum of socio-economic and cultural backgrounds. Abuse of alcohol appeared to be the major predisposing factor to the development of the WKS in cases which were adequately documented. This high prevalence rate is in line with other clinical and pathological Australian studies and provides additional support for the idea of prevention of the WKS by the use of thiamin supplements in the Australian diet in flour, bread and perhaps alcoholic beverages. PMID:2784828

  3. A cluster of meningococcal disease in western Sydney, Australia initially associated with a nightclub.

    PubMed Central

    Jelfs, J.; Jalaludin, B.; Munro, R.; Patel, M.; Kerr, M.; Daley, D.; Neville, S.; Capon, A.

    1998-01-01

    Fourteen cases of meningococcal disease (MD) occurred in August September 1996 in western Sydney, Australia. Seven of the 10 young adults affected had a direct or indirect link with a local nightclub. Ten of 11 systemic meningococcal isolates had the phenotype C:2a:P1.5 and showed close genetic relationship by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Organisms of this phenotype have not previously caused outbreaks in Australia, but have been associated with outbreaks and hyperendemic serogroup C MD in Europe, Canada, and the United States. This is the largest cluster of serogroup C MD reported in urban Australia, and the first involving a nightclub. The strain differentiation results were available rapidly enough to augment epidemiological investigations on a daily basis. Public health staff could thus establish links between cases quickly, follow the spread of new cases in the community, give accurate information to health officials and the press, and utilize existing knowledge about the characteristics of this phenotype to predict likely developments during the outbreak and afterwards. The strain differentiation data was also very helpful when the role of vaccination was considered, and existing guidelines on the management of outbreaks of MD could be used effectively for the first time in western Sydney. PMID:9692605

  4. Historical trends of PBDEs and HBCDs in sediment cores from Sydney estuary, Australia.

    PubMed

    Drage, D; Mueller, J F; Birch, G; Eaglesham, G; Hearn, L K; Harrad, S

    2015-04-15

    This paper presents the first historical data on the occurrence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDs) in estuarine sediment from Australia. Sediment cores and surficial sediment samples were collected from four locations within Sydney estuary, Australia. Large increases in concentrations were observed for all compounds between 1980 and 2014, especially for BDE-209 (representative usage of Deca-BDE commercial mixture), which was found in surficial sediment at an average concentration of 42 ng/g dry wt (21-65 ng/g dry wt). PBDE congeners representative of both the Penta- and Octa-BDE commercial mixtures (?6PBDEs) were also found in their highest concentrations in surficial sediments (average: 1.3 ng/g dry wt; range: 0.65-2.5 ng/g dry wt). PBDE concentrations in surficial sediments were relatively high when compared with those presented in the available literature. This suggests that their input into the Sydney estuary has not decreased since their bans almost a decade earlier. After a sharp increase in the 1990s, HBCD concentrations peaked at an average of 3.5 ng/g dry wt (1.8-5.3 ng/g dry wt) in surficial samples. With global legislation on HBCDs allowing its usage for the next 10 years, it is expected that its input into the estuary is likely to continue. PMID:25617997

  5. DEVELOPMENTS AT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WATER POLLUTION RESEARCH (8TH), HELD IN SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA ON OCTOBER 17-22, 1976

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report is a critical analysis of formal and informal developments of potential interest to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at the Eighth International Conference on Water Pollution Research held in Sydney, Australia, on October 17-22, 1976. The conference subject ma...

  6. Symmetry within and between solutions NICTA and University of NSW, Sydney, Australia, email: toby.walsh@nicta.com.au

    E-print Network

    Walsh, Toby

    Symmetry within and between solutions Toby Walsh NICTA and University of NSW, Sydney, Australia, email: toby.walsh@nicta.com.au Abstract. Symmetry can be used to help solve many problems. For instance, Einstein's famous 1905 paper ("On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies") uses symmetry to help derive

  7. Seroprevalence of Entamoeba histolytica infection among men who have sex with men in Sydney, Australia.

    PubMed

    James, Rodney; Barratt, Joel; Marriott, Deborah; Harkness, John; Stark, Damien

    2010-10-01

    A retrospective analysis was undertaken to determine the seroprevalence of Entamoeba histolytica infection in Sydney, Australia. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, 429 high risk human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men who have sex with men (MSM), 446 low risk HIV-uninfected MSM, and 456 HIV-uninfected controls were assessed. Seroprevalence rates were 5.13% for the high risk HIV-infected MSM group, 0.22% for the low risk HIV-uninfected MSM group, and 0.44% for the control group. We found that high risk HIV-infected MSM have a significantly greater seroprevalence of E. histolytica with a relative risk of 22.87, when compared with low risk HIV-uninfected MSM and 11.69 when compared with controls. These findings show that in Sydney, sexually active HIV-infected MSM are at greater risk of developing amoebic disease caused by E. histolytica than HIV-uninfected MSM and the general population. PMID:20889891

  8. A profile of gaming machine players in clubs in Sydney, Australia.

    PubMed

    Hing, Nerilee; Breen, Helen

    2002-01-01

    New South Wales, Australia, is one of the major markets in the world for machine gaming, with its 1,441 registered clubs holding the dominant share of the state's machines. This study examined machine gambling behavior amongst a random sample of 3,000 club members from six of the largest clubs in Sydney, the capital city of New South Wales. The findings identify their machine gambling preferences and participation levels, isolate significant sociodemographic and other differences between gaming machine and non-gaming machine players, measure the prevalence of probable pathological gambling associated with machine gambling, and identify certain characteristics which differ significantly between probable pathological and non-pathological machine gamblers amongst the respondents. PMID:12096448

  9. Discipline of Accounting The University of Sydney Business School

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    Discipline of Accounting The University of Sydney Business School H69 Codrington Street Darlington NSW 2006 Australia T +61 2 9351 8988 F +61 2 9351 6638 E business.accounting@sydney.edu.au W www.sydney.edu.au/business ABN 15 211 513 464 CRICOS 00026A The Discipline of Accounting Mission Statement The Discipline

  10. IN MEMORIAM Sydney Kustu

    E-print Network

    Wildermuth, Mary C

    IN MEMORIAM Sydney Kustu Professor of Plant & Microbial Biology, Emerita UC Berkeley 1943 ­ 2014 her youth. These honors included attending the Peabody Conservatory summer music camp for music in advance, and composing an experiment somewhat like a piece of music." After establishing her own

  11. Analysis of the distribution of inorganic constituents in a landfill leachate-contaminated aquifer: Astrolabe Park, Sydney, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. B. Jorstad; J. Jankowski; R. I. Acworth

    2004-01-01

    An investigation was conducted at Astrolabe Park landfill, a decommissioned municipal landfill in Sydney, Australia, to assess the physical and chemical processes affecting the distribution of inorganic constituents in the leachate plume. The plume is migrating from the landfill towards a groundwater-fed pond into which leachate-impacted groundwater discharges. Borehole geophysical logging and depth-discrete groundwater sampling were used to delineate the

  12. Application and refinement of the WHO risk framework for recreational waters in Sydney, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. J. Ashbolt; M. Bruno

    2003-01-01

    Local adaptation of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Farnham approach to managing pathogen risk in recreational waters was readily achieved given the extensive microbiological beach data for Sydney, and a clear understanding of applying the 'Annapolis Protocol' sanitary survey component to beach classification. Daily enterococci counts were predicted by rainfall (>10 mm in 24 h or >5 mm over 4-5

  13. Assessment of possible sediment toxicity of contaminated sediments in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gavin F. Birch; Stuart E. Taylor

    2002-01-01

    A considerable amount of chemical data is available for surficial sediments in Port Jackson. Some of the highest concentrations of heavy metals, organochlorines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of any capital port occur in sediments mantling shallow tributaries and embayments close to central Sydney. However, these data have limited ability to predict adverse effects on living resources and in the absence

  14. Prevalence of genital chlamydial infection among a community sample of young international backpackers in Sydney, Australia.

    PubMed

    Davies, S C; Karagiannis, T; Headon, V; Wiig, R; Duffy, J

    2011-03-01

    We conducted a chlamydia prevalence study from January to June 2009 among a community sample of young international backpackers by recruiting at hostels in Sydney, Australia. Participants completed a questionnaire; men provided a urine sample and women provided a self-collected vaginal swab, which were tested for Chlamydia trachomatis DNA by strand displacement amplification. We recruited 225 men (median age 24 years) and 207 women (median age 23 years). Most (87%) of the travellers came from Europe. A new sexual partner during travel was reported by 67%, and 51% had more than one new sexual partner. Of those reporting a new sexual partner, 40% always used condoms. Prevalence of chlamydia was 3.5% (3.1% in men, 3.9% in women). Previous testing for chlamydia was reported by 40%. Drinking alcohol at hazardous levels was reported by 58% of men and 29% of women. Despite the reporting of new sexual partners and inconsistent condom use, the prevalence of chlamydia in these backpackers was not higher than that found in more general populations, and may relate to good health-care seeking behaviour. Young travellers need education about sexual risks and promotion of condom use prior to travel, and access to public sexual health services. PMID:21464454

  15. Epidemiology and Geographical Distribution of Enteric Protozoan Infections in Sydney, Australia

    PubMed Central

    Fletcher, Stephanie; Caprarelli, Graziella; Merif, Juan; Andresen, David; Hal, Sebastian Van; Stark, Damien; Ellis, John

    2014-01-01

    Background Enteric protozoa are associated with diarrhoeal illnesses in humans; however there are no recent studies on their epidemiology and geographical distribution in Australia. This study describes the epidemiology of enteric protozoa in the state of New South Wales and incorporates spatial analysis to describe their distribution. Design and methods Laboratory and clinical records from four public hospitals in Sydney for 910 patients, who tested positive for enteric protozoa over the period January 2007 - December 2010, were identified, examined and analysed. We selected 580 cases which had residence post code data available, enabling us to examine the geographic distribution of patients, and reviewed the clinical data of 252 patients to examine possible links between protozoa, demographic and clinical features. Results Frequently detected protozoa were Blastocystis spp. (57%), Giardia intestinalis (27%) and Dientamoeba fragilis (12%). The age distribution showed that the prevalence of protozoa decreased with age up to 24 years but increasing with age from 25 years onwards. The geographic provenance of the patients indicates that the majority of cases of Blastocystis (53.1%) are clustered in and around the Sydney City Business District, while pockets of giardiasis were identified in regional/rural areas. The distribution of cases suggests higher risk of protozoan infection may exist for some communities. Conclusions These findings provide useful information for policy makers to design and tailor interventions to target high risk communities. Follow-up investigation into the risk factors for giardiasis in regional/rural areas is needed. Significance for public health This research is significant since it provides the most recent epidemiological update on the common enteric protozoa affecting Australians. It reveals that enteric protozoa cause considerable disease burden in high risk city dwellers, and provides the evidence base for development of targeted interventions for their prevention and control in high risk populations. The prevalence of enteric protozoa in this metropolitan setting underscores that microorganisms do not respect borders and that a collaborative approach is needed to contain the global spread of infectious diseases. Incorporating spatial analysis is valuable in providing a compelling picture of the geographical distribution of these often neglected diseases. Local and State Public Health departments can use this information to support further inves- PMID:25343139

  16. Dominance of point source in heavy metal distributions in sediments of a major Sydney estuary (Australia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Birch, G. F.; Evenden, D.; Teutsch, M. E.

    1996-12-01

    Size-normalized (<63 ?m) distributions of Cu, Zn, and Pb in the surficial sediments of one of Sydneys' four major estuaries the Georges River/Botany Bay estuary are not facies or depositionally controlled, but rather their distribution is dominated by source. Point sources (waste dumps, sewage overflows, and discharge from a polluted river) are responsible for elevating sediment heavy-metal concentrations up to 50 times above background. Nonpoint sources contribute in raising baseline levels to four times background and comprise mainly stormwater and also marinas, moorings, and wharfs/jetties. Heavy metals disgorged from a point source (Cooks River) strongly impact the sediments in the lower estuary, which has implications for the construction of a new runway for Sydney airport.

  17. Synoptic analysis of heat-related mortality in Sydney, Australia, 1993-2001

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vaneckova, Pavla; Hart, Melissa A.; Beggs, Paul J.; de Dear, Richard J.

    2008-07-01

    Exposure to extremely hot weather has been associated with increased mortality. Temporal Synoptic Index is an effective method used to analyze the relationship between mortality and combined weather factors. The aim of this study is to examine the short-term effect of ambient heat on mortality in Sydney during the warmest 6-month period (October-March) for the years 1993-2001. Eleven synoptic categories were related to daily mortality rates in Sydney. Two distinctive warm categories were associated with significantly higher mortality rates. Hot, dry and relatively rare Synoptic Category 7 (SC7) days showed the highest daily mortality rates, followed by warm and humid SC3 days, which occurred more frequently. Increased mortality was more pronounced among the elderly population, and gender-stratified analysis showed women to be more vulnerable. Mortality on the day of the weather event was higher than 1 or 2 days after the adverse synoptic situation. Ozone and particulate matter smaller than 10 µm were found at high concentrations in SC3 and SC7, respectively, but their impact on mortality was not clear. The population of Sydney was found to be vulnerable to high temperatures, with a lower susceptibility than those of some cities in the USA and Europe.

  18. The Nature and Distribution of Metals in Soils of the Sydney Estuary Catchment, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gavin F. Birch; Matthew Vanderhayden; Marco Olmos

    2011-01-01

    Total topsoil 50th percentile Cu, Pb and Zn concentrations (n?=?491) in the Sydney estuary catchment were 23 ?g?g?1, 60 ?g?g?1 and 108 ?g?g?1, respectively. Nine percent, 6% and 25% of samples were above soil quality guidelines, respectively and mean enrichment was\\u000a 14, 35 and 29 times above background, respectively. Soils in the south-eastern region of the catchment exhibited highest metal\\u000a concentrations. The close

  19. PREFACE: Proceedings of the 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi7), Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia, 8 14 July 2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scott, Susan M.; McClelland, David E.

    2008-07-01

    At GR17 in Dublin in 2004, it was decided to hold GR18 in Sydney in 2007. Every six years, the GR conference (held every three years) and Amaldi meeting (held every two years) occur in the same year around July. This was to be the case in 2007. By mutual agreement of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation (ISGRG), which oversees the GR conferences and The Gravitational Wave International Committee (GWIC), which oversees the Amaldi meetings, it was decided to hold these two important conferences concurrently, for the first time, at the same venue, namely Sydney. At a time when the gravitational wave community was beginning to explore the possibility of searches to probe various aspects of the theory, the vision was to bring that community together with the community of gravitational theorists in order to better appreciate the work being done by both parties and to explore possibilities for future research using the mutual expertise. The logistics of running two such large meetings concurrently were considerable. The format agreed upon by the ISGRG and GWIC was the following: common plenary sessions in the mornings from Monday to Friday; six parallel GR workshop sessions and an Amaldi session each afternoon from Monday to Friday (except Wednesday); a combined poster session on Wednesday; a full day of Amaldi sessions on the final day (Saturday). The scientific programme for GR18 was overseen by a Scientific Organising Committee established by the ISGRG and chaired by Professor Sathyaprakash. The scientific programme for Amaldi7 was overseen by GWIC chaired by Professor Cerdonio. One of the highlights of the conferences was the breadth and quality of the plenary programme put together by the scientific committees. Not only did these talks give an excellent snapshot of the entire field at this time, but they also explored the interfaces with other related fields, which proved of special interest to participants. We were given superb overviews of the state of the art of: observational handles on dark energy; collider physics experiments designed to probe cosmology; gravitational dynamics of large stellar systems; and the use of analogue condensed-matter systems in the laboratory to investigate black hole event horizons. In the more mainstream areas we were given timely reviews of: the Gravity Probe B and STEP missions; quasi-local black hole horizons and their applications; cosmic censorship; the spin foam model approach to quantum gravity; the causal dynamical triangulations approach to quantum gravity; superstring theory applied to questions in particle physics; the current status and prospects for gravitational wave astronomy; ground-based gravitational wave detection; and technology developments for the future LISA mission. A special issue of Classical and Quantum Gravity (Volume 25, Number 11, 7 June 2008) is published as the proceedings of GR18 and Amaldi7. It contains the overview articles by the plenary speakers, the summaries of each GR18 workshop parallel session as provided by the workshop chairs, and the highlights of the Amaldi7 meeting as selected by the Amaldi7 chairs. Other Amaldi7 talks and posters appear in this refereed issue of the electronic Journal of Physics: Conference Series. This issue of JPCS and the CQG Special Issue are electronically linked. The conference organisers would like to acknowledge the financial support of: The Australian National University; IUPAP; The Australian Institute of Physics; BHP Billiton; The University of Western Australia; The University of New South Wales; The Institute of Physics; The Gravity Research Foundation; SGI; CosNet; The Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute; Springer; Duraduct; the New South Wales Government; The Australasian Society for General Relativity and Gravitation; the Mexican GR bid; the Centre for Precision Optics; The Anglo-Australian Observatory; Newspec; CSIRO; and The University of Melbourne. We would like to thank the GR18 Scientific Organising Committee, GWIC and the Local Organising Committee for all their hard wor

  20. Modeling of a lot scale rainwater tank system in XP-SWMM: a case study in Western Sydney, Australia.

    PubMed

    van der Sterren, Marlène; Rahman, Ataur; Ryan, Garry

    2014-08-01

    Lot scale rainwater tank system modeling is often used in sustainable urban storm water management, particularly to estimate the reduction in the storm water run-off and pollutant wash-off at the lot scale. These rainwater tank models often cannot be adequately calibrated and validated due to limited availability of observed rainwater tank quantity and quality data. This paper presents calibration and validation of a lot scale rainwater tank system model using XP-SWMM utilizing data collected from two rainwater tank systems located in Western Sydney, Australia. The modeling considers run-off peak and volume in and out of the rainwater tank system and also a number of water quality parameters (Total Phosphorus (TP), Total Nitrogen (TN) and Total Solids (TS)). It has been found that XP-SWMM can be used successfully to develop a lot scale rainwater system model within an acceptable error margin. It has been shown that TP and TS can be predicted more accurately than TN using the developed model. In addition, it was found that a significant reduction in storm water run-off discharge can be achieved as a result of the rainwater tank up to about one year average recurrence interval rainfall event. The model parameter set assembled in this study can be used for developing lot scale rainwater tank system models at other locations in the Western Sydney region and in other parts of Australia with necessary adjustments for the local site characteristics. PMID:24835081

  1. Life Cycle and Ecology of Marteilia sydney; in the Australian

    E-print Network

    .-Map of the study area.Introduction After a particularly heavy out- break of oyster mortalities in Moreton BayLife Cycle and Ecology of Marteilia sydney; in the Australian Oyster, Crassostrea commerc Street. Sydney. N.S.W 2000, Australia. Queensland border, following an epidemic outbreak of oyster

  2. The Sydney coordinated adaptive traffic (SCAT) system philosophy and benefits

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. G. Sims; K. W. Dobinson

    1980-01-01

    Sydney, Australia, just as many major cities in the world, has seen traffic movement become more and more congested despite capital expenditure on road construction and widening, on public transport systems, and on traffic management measures. SCAT, the coordinated adaptive traffic signal system, now being installed in Sydney, offers a substantial improvement to movement on arterial roads at low cost

  3. Teachers' and Parents' Roles in the Sexuality Education of Primary School Children: A Comparison of Experiences in Leeds, UK and in Sydney, Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Joy; Milton, Jan

    2006-01-01

    There is little international research focusing on parents' and teachers' roles in sexuality education during children's primary school years. This paper focuses on teachers' and parents' key experiences as sexuality educators of primary-school-age children in both Leeds, UK and in Sydney, Australia. Based on research findings from both the United…

  4. Effect of temperature on mortality during the six warmer months in Sydney, Australia, between 1993 and 2004.

    PubMed

    Vaneckova, Pavla; Beggs, Paul J; de Dear, Richard J; McCracken, Kevin W J

    2008-11-01

    Studies of heat-related mortality have been predominantly based on analyses of underlying cause of death as the single indicator of a population's vulnerability to high temperatures. Examination of both underlying and associated causes of death could provide a more comprehensive understanding of the population at risk. This study analyzes the impact of high temperatures on mortality in Sydney, Australia, during the warmer six months (October-March) between 1993 and 2004, using the underlying and associated cause of death due to all-cause, circulatory, and respiratory disease. Some mortality datasets were also divided into two age groups, 0-64 and 65+. A generalized linear model assuming negative binomial distribution was constructed for the daily mortality counts using daily maximum temperature and hourly maximum concentrations of ozone (O3) and particulate matter (PM10) as covariates. With the air pollution terms in a model, the change in mortality was estimated to be between 4.5% and 12.1% for a 10 degrees C increase in maximum daily temperature, depending on mortality dataset. When air pollutants were removed from a model, the above mortality percentages changed by -1.1% to 0.9%. When both underlying and associated causes of death were considered, the effect remained the same or became lower. Maximum temperature has been found to have a significant effect on mortality in Sydney, with PM10 and O3 confounding the association. PMID:18774130

  5. Evaluating geological sequestration of CO 2 in bituminous coals: The southern Sydney Basin, Australia as a natural analogue

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. M. Faiz; A. Saghafi; S. A. Barclay; L. Stalker; N. R. Sherwood; D. J. Whitford

    2007-01-01

    Carbon dioxide contents of coals in the Sydney Basin vary both aerially and stratigraphically. In places, the coal seam gas is almost pure CO2 that was introduced from deep magmatic sources via faults and replaced pre-existing CH4. In some respects this process is analogous to sequestration of anthropogenic CO2. Laboratory studies indicate that CO2:CH4 storage capacity ratios for Sydney Basin

  6. Evaluation of a comprehensive tobacco control project targeting Arabic-speakers residing in south west Sydney, Australia.

    PubMed

    Perusco, Andrew; Poder, Natasha; Mohsin, Mohammed; Rikard-Bell, Glenys; Rissel, Chris; Williams, Mandy; Hua, Myna; Millen, Elizabeth; Sabry, Marial; Guirguis, Sanaa

    2010-06-01

    Tobacco control is a health promotion priority, but there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of campaigns targeting culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) populations. Being the largest population of non-English-speaking smokers residing in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, Arabic-speakers are a priority population for tobacco control. We report findings from baseline and post-intervention cross-sectional telephone surveys evaluating a comprehensive social marketing campaign (SMC) specifically targeting Arabic-speakers residing in south west Sydney, NSW. The project was associated with a decline in self-reported smoking prevalence from 26% at baseline to 20.7% at post (p < 0.05) and an increase in self-reported smoke-free households from 67.1% at baseline to 74.9% at post (p < 0.05). This paper contributes evidence that comprehensive SMCs targeting CALD populations can reduce smoking prevalence and influence smoking norms in CALD populations. PMID:20189945

  7. Enantioselective analysis and fate of polycyclic musks in a water recycling plant in Sydney (Australia).

    PubMed

    Wang, L; Khan, S J

    2014-01-01

    Synthetic polycyclic musks (PCMs) Galaxolide (HHCB), Tonalide (AHTN), Phantolide (AHDI), Traseolide (ATII) and Cashmeran (DPMI) are chiral chemicals that are commonly used in washing product industries as racemic mixtures. The major source of PCMs in municipal wastewater is from personal care and household products. Recent studies have shown that PCMs may enhance the relative toxicity of other environmental chemicals by inhibiting cellular xenobiotic defence systems. High sensitivity enantioselective analysis of these compounds enables improved characterisation of the environmental persistence and fate of PCMs, distinguishing between individual enantiomers so that a more complete understanding of environmental risks tributed by individual enantiomers may be obtained. Concentrations of PCMs through the various treatment stages of an advanced water recycling plant in Sydney were investigated to assess the removal of these chemicals. Average concentrations of HHCB, AHTN, AHDI, ATII and DPMI in influent were: 2,545, 301, 2, 5 and 33 ng L(-1), respectively. In the final effluent, AHDI, ATII and DPMI were not detected, while HHCB and AHTN were still measured at concentrations of 21 and 2 ng L(-1). No significant enantioselective transformation was detected during biological or advanced treatment processes. PMID:24845313

  8. New James Bond visits Notre Dame's Sydney Campus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michelle Ebbs

    2006-01-01

    The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus was the very excited host of an unexpected visit by the new James Bond, British actor, Daniel Craig, who was in Sydney on a huge world-wide promotional tour for his latest film, Casino Royale.\\u000aDaniel, referred to as the ‘new blond Bond’ is the nephew of the University’s Campus Development Manager, Terry

  9. A chrono-tectonostratigraphic framework for the Sydney Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohammad, O. A.; Jones, B. G.; Fergusson, C. L.

    2013-12-01

    The Sydney Basin is a foreland basin forming the southern part of the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney Basin system in Eastern Australia. Tectonically the Sydney Basin is regarded as a retro-arc foreland basin that developed through Late Carboniferous to Middle Triassic. Constructing a tectonstratigraphic framework for the basin is difficult due to the complex stratigraphy and poor age control, along with its complex tectonic history. A chrono-tectonostratigraphic framework for the Sydney Basin is presented based on literature synthesis combined with new data analysis. The chrono-tectonostratigraphic framework will provide an up-to-date and easy to follow detailed basin history which can be utilize in the exploration for conventional and unconventional resources in the Sydney Basin.

  10. Surveys of vehicle colour frequency and the transfer of vehicle paints to stationary objects in Sydney, Australia.

    PubMed

    Jackson, Fiona; Bunford, Joanna; Maynard, Philip; Roux, Claude

    2015-03-01

    The interpretation of vehicle paint traces in forensic casework hinges on a number of factors including the type of paint, colour, number of layers, and background information. Vehicle colour surveys are an important source of information for the forensic paint examiner when interpreting the level of significance of a paint transfer between vehicles involved in a collision, or smears of vehicle paint left at a scene. The two surveys that are presented here investigated (i) the frequency of the colour of vehicles observed on both a motorway and suburban roads in Western Sydney and (ii) the frequency of different vehicle paint colours transferred to car park pillars and walls from five different car parks within North West Sydney, Australia. In the first survey, the highest frequency of vehicle colours recorded was white, grey, black and blue. The second survey resulted in very similar findings with the four most commonly seen colours across the five car parks being blue, white, red, and silver. The results in the second survey take into account the potential for anomalies within the data due to the use of painted service vehicles used within the car parks, such as trolleys and trailers. The results from both surveys were very similar to previous vehicle colour surveys that have been conducted and also corresponded to the vehicle colour registration data obtained from the NSW Roads and Maritime Service website. The results from these two surveys provide up to date statistics that can assist the forensic paint examiner with valuable background data when assessing the significance of vehicle paint evidence in casework. PMID:25612880

  11. The spatial domain of wildfire risk and response in the wildland urban interface in Sydney, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Price, O. F.; Bradstock, R. A.

    2013-12-01

    In order to quantify the risks from fire at the wildland urban interface (WUI), it is important to understand where fires occur and their likelihood of spreading to the WUI. For each of the 999 fires in the Sydney region we calculated the distance between the ignition and the WUI, the fire's weather and wind direction and whether it spread to the WUI. The likelihood of burning the WUI was analysed using binomial regression. Weather and distance interacted such that under mild weather conditions, the model predicted only a 5% chance that a fire starting >2.5 km from the interface would reach it, whereas when the conditions are extreme the predicted chance remained above 30% even at distances >10 km. Fires were more likely to spread to the WUI if the wind was from the west and in the western side of the region. We examined whether the management responses to wildfires are commensurate with risk by comparing the distribution of distance to the WUI of wildfires with roads and prescribed fires. Prescribed fires and roads were concentrated nearer to the WUI than wildfires as a whole, but further away than wildfires that burnt the WUI under extreme weather conditions (high risk fires). Overall, 79% of these high risk fires started within 2 km of the WUI, so there is some argument for concentrating more management effort near the WUI. By substituting climate change scenario weather into the statistical model, we predicted a small increase in the risk of fires spreading to the WUI, but the increase will be greater under extreme weather. This approach has a variety of uses, including mapping fire risk and improving the ability to match fire management responses to the threat from each fire. They also provide a baseline from which a cost-benefit analysis of complementary fire management strategies can be conducted.

  12. An objective index of walkability for research and planning in the Sydney Metropolitan Region of New South Wales, Australia: an ecological study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Walkability describes the capacity of the built environment to support walking for various purposes. This paper describes the construction and validation of two objective walkability indexes for Sydney, Australia. Methods Walkability indexes using residential density, intersection density, land use mix, with and without retail floor area ratio were calculated for 5,858 Sydney Census Collection Districts in a geographical information system. Associations between variables were evaluated using Spearman’s rho (?). Internal consistency and factor structure of indexes were estimated with Cronbach’s alpha and principal components analysis; convergent and predictive validity were measured using weighted kappa (?w) and by comparison with reported walking to work at the 2006 Australian Census using logistic regression. Spatial variation in walkability was assessed using choropleth maps and Moran’s I. Results A three-attribute abridged Sydney Walkability Index comprising residential density, intersection density and land use mix was constructed for all Sydney as retail floor area was only available for 5.3% of Census Collection Districts. A four-attribute full index including retail floor area ratio was calculated for 263 Census Collection Districts in the Sydney Central Business District. Abridged and full walkability index scores for these 263 areas were strongly correlated (?=0.93) and there was good agreement between walkability quartiles (?w=0.73). Internal consistency ranged from 0.60 to 0.71, and all index variables loaded highly on a single factor. The percentage of employed persons who walked to work increased with increasing walkability: 3.0% in low income-low walkability areas versus 7.9% in low income-high walkability areas; and 2.1% in high income-low walkability areas versus 11% in high income-high walkability areas. The adjusted odds of walking to work were 1.05 (0.96–1.15), 1.58 (1.45–1.71) and 3.02 (2.76–3.30) times higher in medium, high and very high compared to low walkability areas. Associations were similar for full and abridged indexes. Conclusions The abridged Sydney Walkability Index has predictive validity for utilitarian walking, will inform urban planning in Sydney, and will be used as an objective measure of neighbourhood walkability in a large population cohort. Abridged walkability indexes may be useful in settings where retail floor area data are unavailable. PMID:24365133

  13. Predictors of frequent use of amphetamine type stimulants among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney, Australia

    PubMed Central

    Prestage, Garrett; Degenhardt, Louisa; Jin, Fengyi; Grulich, Andrew; Imrie, John; Kaldor, John; Kippax, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Background Rates of use of amphetamine type stimulants among gay men have raised questions about the role of these drugs in increases in HIV infections and risk behaviour, but the role risk behaviours play with regard to illicit drug use within this population has not been investigated. Method Health in Men (HIM) is a cohort of 1427 HIV-negative men in Sydney, Australia. All participants undergo annual face-to-face interviews. We examined onset of use of methamphetamine and of ecstasy (MDMA) after their baseline interview. Results Among baseline non-frequent users who completed an annual follow-up interview, 67 commenced at least weekly use of ecstasy, while 71 commenced at least weekly use of methamphetamine. Factors independently associated with commencing more frequent use of these drugs included being younger, greater involvement in gay social life, and having engaged in unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners. Conclusons The transition from non- or less frequent drug use to more frequent drug use may be associated with changes in sexual behaviour. While it may be true that illicit drug use leads to unsafe sexual behaviour, it is equally true that illicit drugs are used to enhance sexual performance and pleasure. The relationship is bidirectional and complex and must be understood within the contexts of particular sexual sub-cultural practices: Engaging in sexual risk behaviour may be an indicator of future drug use as much as the reverse. PMID:17640831

  14. The discrepancy in concentration of metals (Cu, Pb and Zn) in oyster tissue (Saccostrea glomerata) and ambient bottom sediment (Sydney estuary, Australia).

    PubMed

    Birch, G F; Melwani, A; Lee, J-H; Apostolatos, C

    2014-03-15

    The current study aimed to examine the relationship between metals in sediments and metal bioaccumulation in oyster tissue in a highly-modified estuary (Sydney estuary, Australia). While extensive metal contamination was observed in surficial sediments, suspended particulate matter and oyster tissue, a significant relationship between these media could not be established. No relationship was determined between sediment quality guidelines and oyster size or weight, nor with human consumption levels for metals in oyster tissue. Moreover, oyster tissue metal concentrations varied greatly at a single locality over temporal scales of years. Oyster tissue at all 19 study sites exceeded consumptions levels for Cu. Bioaccumulation of metals in oyster tissue is a useful dynamic indicator of anthropogenic influence within estuaries, however oysters cannot be used in Sydney estuary as a valid biomonitor due to overriding internal regulation (homoestasis) by the animal, or by external natural (sediment resuspension) and anthropogenic (sewer/stormwater discharges) pressures, or both. PMID:24461696

  15. Thermal history and geological controls on the distribution of coal seam gases in the southern Sydney Basin, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohinudeen Mohamed Faiz

    1993-01-01

    Coal seams of the southern Sydney Basin contain large volumes of gas, mainly methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (C02) with subordinate volumes of longer chain hydrocarbons (C2+) and nitrogen (Nz). Data from exploration boreholes, underground mines and laboratory sorption-desorption tests are used to investigate the composition and distribution of gases in the coal seams. The influences of thermal history, coal

  16. Use of Sediment Risk and Ecological\\/Conservation Value for Strategic Management of Estuarine Environments: Sydney Estuary, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gavin F. Birch; Philip Hutson

    2009-01-01

    Sediment mantling the floor of Sydney estuary contains a wide range of chemicals at highly elevated concentrations over extensive\\u000a areas. Appropriate sediment management decisions are urgently required to prevent further degradation of sediment quality\\u000a and to minimize resulting adverse ecological effects. The objective of the present work was to provide a systematic, estuary-wide\\u000a assessment of sediment risk and ecological\\/conservation value

  17. The University of Sydney Faculty of Science

    E-print Network

    Du, Jie

    The University of Sydney Faculty of Science Handbook 2005 #12;University dates University semester of Sydney NSW 2006 Phone: (02) 9351 2222 Web: www.usyd.edu.au Faculty of Science Phone: (02) 9351 3021 Fax: (02) 9351 4846 Web: www.science.usyd.edu.au Email: faculty@science.usyd.edu.au This book (and other

  18. The University of Sydney Faculty of Science

    E-print Network

    Du, Jie

    The University of Sydney Faculty of Science Handbook 2003 #12;University dates University semester October The University of Sydney NSW 2006 Phone: (02) 9351 2222 Web: www.usyd.edu.au Faculty of Science Phone: (02) 9351 3021 Fax: (02) 9351 4846 Web: www.science.usyd.edu.au Email: faculty@science

  19. Sydney Tar Ponds Remediation: Experience to China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Fan; Bryson, Ken A.

    2009-01-01

    The infamous "Sydney Tar Ponds" are well known as one of the largest toxic waste sites of Canada, due to almost 100 years of steelmaking in Sydney, a once beautiful and peaceful city located on the east side of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. This article begins with a contextual overview of the Tar Ponds issue including a brief introduction and…

  20. Reterritorialisation of economies and institutions: The rise of the Sydney basin economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Phillip Oneill; Pauline McGuirk

    2005-01-01

    This paper is an account of institutional and spatial shifts in the Sydney basin economy that coalesce around Australia's current, long period of prosperity. The paper briefly sources this prosperity, noting the key shifts towards the financial and professional services sectors that accompany it. This material is then used to make the argument that two reterritorialisation processes underpin Australia's—and Sydney's—contemporary

  1. Possible Biological Significance of Contaminated Sediments in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gavin Birch; Stuart Taylor

    2002-01-01

    Comprehensive investigations of estuaries incentral New South Wales has identified Port Jackson as themost contaminated waterway on the eastern seaboard ofAustralia. Extensive areas of the estuary are mantled insediment containing high concentrations of a large range ofmetallic and organic contaminants. Although extensive, thisdatabase does not provide an effective basis for determiningthe potential adverse effects of chemicals on livingresources. In the

  2. Water-saving impacts of Smart Meter technology: An empirical 5 year, whole-of-community study in Sydney, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davies, Kirsten; Doolan, Corinna; van den Honert, Robin; Shi, Rose

    2014-09-01

    In 2009-2010 Sydney Water, the primary water utility in Sydney, conducted a comprehensive Smart Metering trial in residential homes in the suburb of Westleigh, in Sydney's north. The trial involved 1923 participants residing in 630 households. A whole-of-community method of engagement was applied to capture the views of residents from 12 to 70+ years of age. The trial examined the effects of the technology on the water consumption of an intervention group compared with that of a matched control group. After removing properties that had been sold since the beginning of the trial, properties in the study group were matched with a control group property on the basis of the household size, property size and the presence (or otherwise) of a swimming pool. The effects of the technology on consumption were measured and analyzed for the period July 2009 to June 2010, coupled with qualitative information that was collected throughout the duration of the study. A key finding was that households with the in-home display (IHD) installed, reduced their consumption by an average of over 6.8% over the study period when compared to the control group. Since completion of the study the community has not had any further interventions. The trial created an opportunity to examine the longer-term effects of the technology (June 2008 to September 2013). Consumption data collected over the 3 year posttrial period revealed that the participant group consumed 6.4% per month less water when compared to the pretrial period, whilst the matched control group consumed 1.3% per month more water when compared to the pretrial period. The reduced consumption of the participant group was maintained over time, demonstrating the long-term value of this technology.

  3. Body mass, cardiovascular risk and metabolic characteristics of young persons presenting for mental healthcare in Sydney, Australia

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Elizabeth M; Hermens, Daniel F; White, Django; Naismith, Sharon L; GeHue, Jeanne; Whitwell, Bradley G; Glozier, Nick; Hickie, Ian B

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To determine the body mass, cardiovascular and metabolic characteristics of young people presenting for mental healthcare. Design Cross-sectional assessments of body mass, cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors. Setting Two primary-care based sites in Sydney, Australia for young people in the early stages of mental disorders. Participants A clinical sample of young people (12–30?years) with mental health problems. Outcome measures Daily smoking rates, body mass index (BMI), blood glucose and lipids, blood pressure (BP) and pulse rate. Results Of 1005 young people who had their BMI determined (62% female; 19.0±3.5?years), three quarters (739/1005) also had BP recordings and one-third (298/1005) had blood sampling. Clinically, 775 were assigned to one of three diagnostic categories (anxious-depression: n=541; mania-fatigue, n=104; developmental-psychotic n=130). The profile of BMI categories approximated that of the comparable segments of the Australian population. Older age, lower levels of social functioning and higher systolic BP were all associated with high BMI. In a subset (n=129), current use of any psychotropic medication was associated (p<0.05) with increased BMI. Almost one-third of cases were current daily smokers (compared to population rate of 11%). Males had a higher proportion of raised glucose and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) compared to females (9.3% and 34.1% vs 2.1% and 5.9%, respectively). Overall, there was no relationship between BMI and fasting glucose but significant relationships with triglycerides and HDL were noted. Furthermore, there were no significant relationships between diagnostic subgroup and metabolic profiles. Conclusions Daily smoking rates are increased among young people presenting for mental healthcare. However, these young people do not demonstrate adverse cardiometabolic profiles. The high levels of smoking, and association of BMI with adverse social circumstances, suggest that risk factors for chronic disease are already present and likely to be compounded by medication and social disadvantage. PMID:25818274

  4. Possible biological significance of contaminated sediments in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia.

    PubMed

    Birch, Gavin; Taylor, Stuart

    2002-07-01

    Comprehensive investigations of estuaries in central New South Wales has identified Port Jackson as the most contaminated waterway on the eastern seaboard of Australia. Extensive areas of the estuary are mantled in sediment containing high concentrations of a large range of metallic and organic contaminants. Although extensive, this database does not provide an effective basis for determining the potential adverse effects of chemicals on living resources. In the absence of any ecotoxicological information, the recently published (1999) draft Australian and New Zealand Environmental and Conservation Council (ANZECC) sediment quality guidelines have been used to assess possible adverse biological effects of these toxicants. The ANZECC guidelines use the lower effects range of the widely used U. S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scheme to identify potentially contaminated sediment and as a threshold to trigger for additional investigative work. This guideline level has been used in the current study to assess possible toxicity of contaminated sediments in Port Jackson. It is estimated that sediments in approximately 26% of the estuary, mainly the upper parts of the harbour and much of the central harbour, have a 67% probability of being toxic. Sediments in the central harbour and a major tributary, the Middle Harbour, comprising about 40% of the estuary, have a 13 to 25% probability of toxicity. All sediments in the harbour, except at the mouth of the estuary, would require additional environmental assessment based on the proposed draft ANZECC sediment quality guidelines. PMID:12180655

  5. The exposure of Sydney (Australia) to earthquake-generated tsunamis, storms and sea level rise: a probabilistic multi-hazard approach

    PubMed Central

    Dall'Osso, F.; Dominey-Howes, D.; Moore, C.; Summerhayes, S.; Withycombe, G.

    2014-01-01

    Approximately 85% of Australia's population live along the coastal fringe, an area with high exposure to extreme inundations such as tsunamis. However, to date, no Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessments (PTHA) that include inundation have been published for Australia. This limits the development of appropriate risk reduction measures by decision and policy makers. We describe our PTHA undertaken for the Sydney metropolitan area. Using the NOAA NCTR model MOST (Method for Splitting Tsunamis), we simulate 36 earthquake-generated tsunamis with annual probabilities of 1:100, 1:1,000 and 1:10,000, occurring under present and future predicted sea level conditions. For each tsunami scenario we generate a high-resolution inundation map of the maximum water level and flow velocity, and we calculate the exposure of buildings and critical infrastructure. Results indicate that exposure to earthquake-generated tsunamis is relatively low for present events, but increases significantly with higher sea level conditions. The probabilistic approach allowed us to undertake a comparison with an existing storm surge hazard assessment. Interestingly, the exposure to all the simulated tsunamis is significantly lower than that for the 1:100 storm surge scenarios, under the same initial sea level conditions. The results have significant implications for multi-risk and emergency management in Sydney. PMID:25492514

  6. The exposure of Sydney (Australia) to earthquake-generated tsunamis, storms and sea level rise: a probabilistic multi-hazard approach.

    PubMed

    Dall'Osso, F; Dominey-Howes, D; Moore, C; Summerhayes, S; Withycombe, G

    2014-01-01

    Approximately 85% of Australia's population live along the coastal fringe, an area with high exposure to extreme inundations such as tsunamis. However, to date, no Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessments (PTHA) that include inundation have been published for Australia. This limits the development of appropriate risk reduction measures by decision and policy makers. We describe our PTHA undertaken for the Sydney metropolitan area. Using the NOAA NCTR model MOST (Method for Splitting Tsunamis), we simulate 36 earthquake-generated tsunamis with annual probabilities of 1:100, 1:1,000 and 1:10,000, occurring under present and future predicted sea level conditions. For each tsunami scenario we generate a high-resolution inundation map of the maximum water level and flow velocity, and we calculate the exposure of buildings and critical infrastructure. Results indicate that exposure to earthquake-generated tsunamis is relatively low for present events, but increases significantly with higher sea level conditions. The probabilistic approach allowed us to undertake a comparison with an existing storm surge hazard assessment. Interestingly, the exposure to all the simulated tsunamis is significantly lower than that for the 1:100 storm surge scenarios, under the same initial sea level conditions. The results have significant implications for multi-risk and emergency management in Sydney. PMID:25492514

  7. Overdose beliefs and management practices among ethnic Vietnamese heroin users in Sydney, Australia

    PubMed Central

    Maher, Lisa; Ho, Hien T

    2009-01-01

    Background Ethnic Vietnamese injecting drug users (IDUs) in Australia draw on a range of beliefs and etiologic models, sometimes simultaneously, in order to make sense of health and illness. These include understandings of illness as the result of internal imbalances and Western concepts of disease causation including germ/pollution theory. Methods Observational fieldwork and in-depth interviews were conducted between 2001 and 2006 in neighbourhoods characterised by high proportions of Asian background IDUs and street-based drug markets. Eligibility criteria for the study were: 1) ethnic Vietnamese cultural background; 2) aged 16 years and over and; 3) injected drugs in the last 6 months. Results Participants commonly attempted to treat heroin overdose by withdrawing blood (rút máu) from the body. Central to this practice are cultural beliefs about the role and function of blood in the body and its relationship to illness and health. Participants' beliefs in blood were strongly influenced by understandings of blood expressed in traditional Chinese and Vietnamese medicine. Many participants perceived Western drugs, particularly heroin, as "hot" and "strong". In overdose situations, it was commonly believed that an excessive amount of drugs (particularly heroin) entered the bloodstream and traveled to the heart, making the heart work too hard. Withdrawing blood was understood to reduce the amount of drugs in the body which in turn reduced the effects of drugs on the blood and the heart. Conclusion The explanatory model of overdose employed by ethnic Vietnamese IDUs privileges traditional beliefs about the circulatory, rather than the respiratory, system. This paper explores participants' beliefs about blood, the effects of drugs on blood and the causes of heroin overdose in order to document the explanatory model of overdose used by ethnic Vietnamese IDUs. Implications for overdose prevention, treatment and management are identified and discussed. PMID:19397811

  8. Interpretation at Wetland Sites in the Sydney Region.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chadhokar, Yojana; McLoughlin, Lynette C.

    1999-01-01

    Interpretive and educational facilities at five wetland sites near Sydney (Australia) were studied to determine their goals, range of facilities and activities, and themes related to wetlands and their conservation covered in informal visitor programs and formal education programs for school groups. Program objectives and activities were generally…

  9. The University of Sydney Faculty of Science

    E-print Network

    Du, Jie

    The University of Sydney Faculty of Science Handbook 2006 #12;University dates University semester.usyd.edu.au/fstudent/undergrad/apply/scm/dates.shtml The University of Sydney NSW 2006 Phone: +612 93512222 Web: www.usyd.edu.au Faculty of Science Phone: +612 9351 3021 Fax: +612 93514846 Web: www.science.usyd.edu.au Email: facuity@science.usyd.edu.au This book (and

  10. Promoting the nursing profession: the perceptions of non-English-speaking background high school students in Sydney, Australia.

    PubMed

    Rossiter, J C; Yam, B

    1998-12-01

    By using an ethnographic approach, this paper explores the perceptions of nursing among the non-English-speaking background high school students in Sydney, and describes how the nursing profession could be promoted to them. A volunteer sample of four groups of high school students with parents from Lebanon, Vietnam, Korea and mainland China were recruited. In-depth focus group interviews were conducted. Through constant comparison of categories, 10 concepts emerged from the three major themes to describe the students' career preferences and their influencing factors; their image of nursing and their suggestions on how nursing could be promoted to them. These findings highlighted the significance of social, cultural and political factors that influenced the students' perceptions of nursing and their career choice. Implications and suggestions for marketing and recruitment strategies are discussed. PMID:10095514

  11. Notre Dame's School of Medicine in Sydney receives accreditation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth Fenech

    2007-01-01

    The Australian Medical Council has granted accreditation to The University of Notre Dame Australia’s medical school in Sydney. The four-year graduate-entry course will commence in February 2008 with an intake of 104 students at the University’s new campus in Oxford Street, Darlinghurst. The University anticipates an outstanding first year intake from a large number of applicants who have already made

  12. pEl1573 Carrying blaIMP-4, from Sydney, Australia, Is Closely Related to Other IncL/M Plasmids

    PubMed Central

    Ginn, Andrew N.; Paulsen, Ian T.; Iredell, Jonathan R.

    2012-01-01

    Complete sequencing of pEl1573, a representative IncL/M plasmid carrying blaIMP-4 from Sydney, Australia, revealed an ?60-kb backbone almost identical to those of IncL/M plasmids pCTX-M3, from Poland, and pCTX-M360, from China, and less closely related to pNDM-HK, pOXA-48a, and pEL60, suggesting different lineages. The ?28-kb Tn2-derived multiresistance region in pEl1573 is inserted in the same location as those in pCTX-M3 and pNDM-HK and shares some of the same components but has undergone rearrangements. PMID:22926566

  13. “They just scraped off the calluses”: a mixed methods exploration of foot care access and provision for people with rheumatoid arthritis in south-western Sydney, Australia

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background There is little indication that foot health services in Australia are meeting modern day recommendations for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients. The overall objective of this study was to explore the current state of foot health services for patients with RA with an emphasis on identifying barriers to the receipt of appropriate foot care in South-West Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Methods A mixed (quantitative and qualitative) approach was adopted. Indications for appropriate access to foot care were determined by comparing the foot health, disease and socio-demographic characteristics of patients with unmet foot care demands, foot care users and patients with no demands for foot care. Perceptions of provision of, and access to, foot care were explored by conducting telephone-based interviews using an interpretative phenomenology approach with thematic analysis. Results Twenty-nine participants took part in the cross-sectional quantitative research study design, and 12 participants took part in the interpretative phenomenological approach (qualitative study). Foot care access appeared to be driven predominantly by the presence of rearfoot deformity, which was significantly worse amongst participants in the foot care user group (p?=?0.02). Five main themes emerged from the qualitative data: 1) impact of disease-related foot symptoms, 2) footwear difficulties, 3) medical/rheumatology encounters, 4) foot and podiatry care access and experiences, and 5) financial hardship. Conclusions Foot care provision does not appear to be driven by appropriate foot health characteristics such as foot pain or foot-related disability. There may be significant shortfalls in footwear and foot care access and provision in Greater Western Sydney. Several barriers to adequate foot care access and provision were identified and further efforts are required to improve access to and the quality of foot care for people who have RA. Integration of podiatry services within rheumatology centres could resolve unmet needs of people with RA by permitting rapid access to expert-led multidisciplinary foot care for people with RA. PMID:23938103

  14. Immigrant maternal depression and social networks. A multilevel Bayesian spatial logistic regression in South Western Sydney, Australia.

    PubMed

    Eastwood, John G; Jalaludin, Bin B; Kemp, Lynn A; Phung, Hai N; Barnett, Bryanne E W

    2013-09-01

    The purpose is to explore the multilevel spatial distribution of depressive symptoms among migrant mothers in South Western Sydney and to identify any group level associations that could inform subsequent theory building and local public health interventions. Migrant mothers (n=7256) delivering in 2002 and 2003 were assessed at 2-3 weeks after delivery for risk factors for depressive symptoms. The binary outcome variables were Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale scores (EPDS) of >9 and >12. Individual level variables included were: financial income, self-reported maternal health, social support network, emotional support, practical support, baby trouble sleeping, baby demanding and baby not content. The group level variable reported here is aggregated social support networks. We used Bayesian hierarchical multilevel spatial modelling with conditional autoregression. Migrant mothers were at higher risk of having depressive symptoms if they lived in a community with predominantly Australian-born mothers and strong social capital as measured by aggregated social networks. These findings suggest that migrant mothers are socially isolated and current home visiting services should be strengthened for migrant mothers living in communities where they may have poor social networks. PMID:23973180

  15. JAPAN IN SYDNEY Professor sadler & modernism 192030s

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    #12;1 JAPAN IN SYDNEY Professor sadler & modernism 1920­30s CUraTed BY aJioKa ChiaKi and maria in conjunction with the exhibition Japan in Sydney: Professor Sadler & modernism, 1920-30s University art gallery: Japan in sydney: Professor sadler & modernism, 1920-30s by ajioka Chiaki and maria (Connie) Tornatore

  16. the(sydney) & (melbourne) magazine the(sydney) & (melbourne)magazine

    E-print Network

    Peters, Richard

    newspapers and magazines, and has shown a consistent eye for the stories and people that help define the houses of prominent Sydney- siders, giving you tips and tricks on where to find the gems and how they can

  17. Five cases of neurocysticercosis diagnosed in Sydney.

    PubMed

    Walker, J; Chen, S; Packham, D; McIntyre, P

    1991-12-01

    Cysticercosis, once rare in Australia, is now more frequently diagnosed. This change reflects the countries of origin of new immigrants and the destinations of Australians travelling. Five cases of neurocysticercosis diagnosed at Westmead Hospital in Sydney are described. Two involved Australians, a father and son who had visited eastern and southeastern Asia 10 years before presentation. The other three included immigrants from Chile and India and a visitor from Timor. Ages ranged from 5 to 57 years. Three individuals presented after focal seizures involving the upper limb, one had a long standing history of neurological dysfunction and one suffered from persistent headaches. In all cases computed tomographic scanning (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed cystic brain lesions and three of the five were seropositive as well. Four were treated with praziquantel and in one the lesions regressed significantly following treatment. However, the lesion in one case had decreased in size prior to treatment and that in the untreated individual also became smaller. PMID:1822897

  18. Relative sea level control of deposition in the Late Permian Newcastle Coal Measures of the Sydney Basin, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herbert, Chris

    1997-01-01

    Accumulation of the 400 m-thick Late Permian Newcastle Coal Measures of the Sydney Basin was controlled by changes in relative sea level. Three 3rd-order sequences, which constitute the coal measures, consist of 4th-order depositional sequences of fluvial conglomerate, coal, and small paralic/lacustrine deltas/crevasse splays, deposited on a coastal plain landward of a marine shoreline. Each 4th-order sequence was deposited during a single 4th-order relative sea level cycle. Following falls in relative sea level alluvial conglomerates derived from the New England Orogen filled incised valleys above sequence boundaries forming lowstand systems tracts. Sigmoidal conglomerates with 'giant crossbeds' were deposited as alluvial fill in compactional moats formed at the toes of abandoned paralic deltas. Alluvial sediments passed through the coastal plain directly to the marine shoreline causing the shoreface to prograde. Rising relative sea level, caused siliciclastic sedimentation to wane. During these hiatuses, in the transgressive systems tract, a rising water table stimulated peat mire growth blanketing the entire non-marine area. When the vertical accumulation of peat was outpaced by increasing rates of rising relative sea level, transgressing lagoons, interdistributary bays and lakes inundated the mires above maximum flooding surfaces. Continuing relative sea level rise in the highstand systems tracts caused paralic/lacustrine crevasse splays, crevasse subdeltas, and small deltas to prograde westwards into the Newcastle half-graben from a volcanic source on the Offshore Uplift. At this time of rising base-levels sediments were trapped on the coastal plain while the marine shoreface was starved. Falling relative sea level terminated paralic/lacustrine delta progradation and initiated exposure and erosion to repeat the cycle and initiate another 4th-order sequence. Two source areas supplied sediment into the Newcastle half-graben. An easterly source on the Offshore Uplift shed volcanic detritus into the Newcastle Coalfield via paralic/lacustrine deltas, and the New England Orogen shed volcano-lithic detritus via braided streams. The supply from the New England Orogen was switched on or increased by a fall in relative sea level while supply from the Offshore Uplift was switched off, reduced, or diverted, and vice versa during a rise in relative sea level. Increasing rates of 2nd-order falling relative sea level resulted in an upward change from predominantly marine shoreface and coastal plain sedimentation to predominantly fluvial sedimentation in the upper Newcastle Coal Measures.

  19. Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami - an application of the revised Papathoma Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment (PTVA-3) Model in Sydney, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dominey-Howes, Dale; Dall'Osso, Fillippo; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.

    2010-05-01

    Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009a, b) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience. Last, we propose the wider application of the PTVA-3 Model as a tool for building vulnerability assessment. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009a). A revised (PTVA) model for assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 1557-1565. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009b). Assessment of the vulnerability of buildings to damage from tsunami (in Sydney). Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 2015-2026.

  20. Levels of selected chlorinated hydrocarbons in edible fish tissues from polluted areas in the Georges\\/Cooks Rivers and Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. C Roach; J Runcie

    1998-01-01

    During the period from February to March 1995 edible fish were sampled from various locations known to be polluted with chlorinated hydrocarbons. Samples were collected from five locations in the Georges\\/Cooks Rivers and four locations in Sydney Harbour. The muscle tissue of a range of fish species from each location was analysed for selected chlorinated hydrocarbons (i.e. polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

  1. Is there a role for workplaces in reducing employees' driving to work? Findings from a cross-sectional survey from inner-west Sydney, Australia

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The role of workplaces in promoting active travel (walking, cycling or using public transport) is relatively unexplored. This study explores the potential for workplaces to reduce employees' driving to work in order to inform the development of workplace interventions for promoting active travel. Methods An analysis of a cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from parents/guardians whose children participated in the Central Sydney Walk to School Program in inner-west Sydney, Australia. A total of 888 parents/guardians who were employed and worked outside home were included in this analysis. The role of the workplace in regards to active travel was assessed by asking the respondents' level of agreement to eight statements including workplace encouragement of active travel, flexible working hours, public transport availability, convenient parking, shower and change rooms for employees and whether they lived or worked in a safe place. Self-reported main mode of journey to work and demographic data were collected through a self-administrated survey. Binary logistic regression modelling was used to ascertain independent predictors of driving to work. Results Sixty nine per cent of respondents travelled to work by car, and 19% agreed with the statement, "My workplace encourages its employees to go to and from work by public transport, cycling and/or walking (active travel)." The survey respondents with a workplace encouraging active travel to work were significantly less likely to drive to work (49%) than those without this encouragement (73%) with an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of 0.41 (95% CI 0.23-0.73, P = 0.002). Having convenient public transport close to the workplace or home was also an important factor that could discourage employees from driving to work with AOR 0.17 (95% CI 0.09-0.31, P < 0.0001) and AOR 0.50 (95% CI 0.28-0.90, P = 0.02) respectively. In contrast, convenient parking near the workplace significantly increased the likelihood of respondents driving to work (AOR 4.6, 95% CI 2.8-7.4, P < 0.0001). Conclusions There is a significant inverse association between the perception of workplace encouragement for active travel and driving to work. Increases in the number of workplaces that encourage their employees to commute to work via active travel could potentially lead to fewer employees driving to work. In order to make active travel more appealing than driving to work, workplace interventions should consider developing supportive workplace policies and environments. PMID:20113527

  2. Sydney Water's public-private partnership

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre M. J. Alla; David Manzi

    1996-01-01

    The Prospect Water Filtration Plant will be one of the largest water treatment plants in the world, with an initial capacity of 780 mgd (3,000 ML\\/d) and a potential future capacity of 1,090 mgd (4,200 ML\\/d). It has been developed under a build-own-operate (BOO) contract between Australian Water Services (the private operator) and the Sydney Water Corporation (the public authority).

  3. Short communication Phenoloxidase and QX disease resistance in Sydney rock oysters

    E-print Network

    Raftos, David

    Short communication Phenoloxidase and QX disease resistance in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea October 2003 Abstract QX is a fatal disease in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) that results glomerata; Phenoloxidase; Disease resistance; Oyster 1. Introduction The Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea

  4. Proceedings of the 55th Session of the International Statistics Institute, 512 April 2005, Sydney, Australia, Paper 116.

    E-print Network

    Smyth, Gordon K.

    , Australia, Paper 116. Individual Channel Analysis of Two-Colour Microarrays Gordon K. Smyth Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Bioinformatics 1G Royal Parade, Parkville 3050, Australia smyth

  5. Importance of fabric and composition on the stress sensitivity of permeability in some coals, northern Sydney basin, Australia: Relevance to coalbed methane exploitation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. M. Bustin

    1997-01-01

    Fabric and composition of a series of Upper Permian high-volatile to low-volatile bituminous coals of the Sydney basin have a marked effect on stress sensitivity of permeability, and thus on the reservoir characteristics of the coal. The coals vary in composition from end members of predominantly bright-banded coal comprised mainly of the microlithotype vitrite and the maceral vitrinite, to dull

  6. When Becks came to Sydney: multiple readings of a sport celebrity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Callum Gilmour; David Rowe

    2010-01-01

    The November 2007 visit of David Beckham to Sydney attracted unprecedented mainstream media coverage for the developing sport of association football (soccer) in Australia, starkly emphasizing the increasingly globalized nature of sports consumption. As an Englishman playing for a relatively obscure American club in a ‘friendly’ match in Australia, the combination of capital and symbol circulation evident in Beckham's visit

  7. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in road-deposited sediments, water sediments, and soils in Sydney, Australia: Comparisons of concentration distribution, sources and potential toxicity.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Thuy Chung; Loganathan, Paripurnanda; Nguyen, Tien Vinh; Vigneswaran, Saravanamuthu; Kandasamy, Jaya; Slee, Danny; Stevenson, Gavin; Naidu, Ravi

    2014-06-01

    Sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) considered as priority environmental pollutants were analysed in surface natural soils (NS), road-deposited sediments (RDS), and water sediments (WS) at Kogarah in Sydney, Australia. Comparisons were made of their concentration distributions, likely sources and potential toxicities. The concentrations (mg/kg) in NS, RDS, and WS ranged from 0.40 to 7.49 (mean 2.80), 1.65 to 4.00 (mean 2.91), and 0.49 to 5.19 (mean 1.76), respectively. PAHs were dominated by relatively high molecular weight compounds with more than three fused benzene rings, indicating that high temperature combustion processes were their predominant sources. The proportions of high molecular weight PAHs with five or six fused benzene rings were higher in NS than in RDS, whereas the low molecular weight PAHs were higher in RDS. Concentrations of all PAHs compounds were observed to be the lowest in WS. The concentrations of most of the high molecular weight PAHs significantly correlated with each other in RDS and WS. All PAHs (except naphthalene) were significantly correlated in NS suggesting a common PAH source. Ratios for individual diagnostic PAHs demonstrated that the primary source of PAHs in WS and NS was of pyrogenic origin (combustion of petroleum (vehicle exhaust), grass, and wood) while in RDS it was petrogenic (i.e. unburned or leaked fuel and oil, road asphalt, and tyre particles) as well as pyrogenic. The potential toxicities of PAHs calculated using a toxicity equivalent quotient (TEQ) were all low but higher for NS compared to WS and RDS. PMID:24732030

  8. A comparison of the sports safety policies and practices of community sports clubs during training and competition in northern Sydney, Australia

    PubMed Central

    Donaldson, A; Forero, R; Finch, C; Hill, T

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: To compare the safety policies and practices reported to be adopted during training and competition by community sports clubs in northern Sydney, Australia. Methods: This cross sectional study involved face to face interviews, using an 81 item extensively validated questionnaire, with representatives of 163 community netball, rugby league, rugby union, and soccer clubs (response rate 85%). The study was undertaken during the winter sports season of 2000. Two separate 14 item scales were developed to analyse the level of safety policy adoption and safety practice implementation during training and competition. The statistical analysis comprised descriptive and inferential analysis stratified by sport. Results: The reliability of the scales was good: Cronbach's ? = 0.70 (competition scale) to 0.81 (training scale). Significant differences were found between the safety scores for training and competition for all clubs (mean difference 11.2; 95% confidence interval (CI) 10.0 to 12.5) and for each of the four sports: netball (mean difference 14.9; 95% CI 12.6 to 17.2); rugby league (mean difference 10.3; 95% CI 7.1 to 13.6); rugby union (mean difference 9.4; 95% CI 7.1 to 11.7); and soccer (mean difference 8.4; 95% CI 6.5 to 10.3). Conclusions: The differences in the mean competition and training safety scores were significant for all sports. This indicates that safety policies were less often adopted and practices less often implemented during training than during competition. As injuries do occur at training, and sports participants often spend considerably more time training than competing, sporting bodies should consider whether the safety policies and practices adopted and implemented at training are adequate. PMID:14751948

  9. University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A1 APPENDIX A: UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY OVERVIEW

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A1 APPENDIX A: UNIVERSITY OF AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITIES by Duncan Marshall #12;University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A3 6.4 Expansion of Professional Education 6.5 Expansion to the west

  10. Tackling the Issues of Landscape Characterisation for Natural Resource Management in Urban and Peri-urban Western Sydney, Australia: Application of the Hydro-Geologic Landscapes Approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moore, C. L.; Harvey, K.

    2009-04-01

    Dryland salinity is a natural resource management issue and a planning hazard in urban/peri-urban Western Sydney, where there is enormous development pressure. The level of detail available on local geological, hydrogeologic and soils maps commonly does not provide sufficient detail for sub-catchment scale urban development planning and natural resource management (NRM) decision-making. The dominant lithologies for the area are relatively thick (up to 300m), flat-lying, Triassic fluvial and shallow marine siliciclastic sediments of the Sydney Basin. Localised areas of Cainozoic gravels cover the palaeo-landscapes developed on older rocks, and modern fluvial processes along the Hawkesbury River and tributaries continue to modify the landscape. Salt is concentrated in this landscape through aeolian accession and deposition from oceanic aerosols, but almost never as fossil (connate) salts. The redistribution of salts by the process of aeolian accession typically takes place when the salts are coupled with windblown dust known as parna. For south-eastern NSW, this dust originates from areas which are more arid, such as the western regions of the NSW and Victorian states. Aerosols from the ocean can be responsible for the deposition of salts up to a few hundred kilometres from their source. This process is responsible for a significant contribution of salt in the Sydney area. Field observations have shown that salt outbreaks are more dominant on some Sydney Basin units, specifically the Wianamatta Group sediments, some Cainozoic units, and along many active drainage systems. The Wianamatta Group sediments comprise three sub-groups; the Bringelly Shale, Minchinbury Sandstone and Ashfield Shale. The Cainozoic sediments comprise at least three units; the Saint Mary's Formation, Rickaby's Creek Gravels and Londonderry Clay. In Western Sydney these successions form an east-west oriented, tear-drop-shaped sub-basin, the Cumberland Basin, that narrows and thins to the east. In the field, it has proven difficult to consistently discriminate between the Wianamatta Group sequence and the Cainozoic sediments without precise geomorphological characterisation of the landscape coupled with stratigraphic profiling. Further, terraces in the Recent fluvial deposits contribute to the development of a complex "stepped" landscape structure. Detailed biophysical typing of landscapes in this area using Hydro-Geologic Landscape characterisation, a scaled and modified Groundwater Flow System approach, allows constraint of salt storage and distribution, and development of conceptual models for saline fluid flow, and hence informs urban planning and NRM decision-making and provides evidence for implementation of preferred land use practices. Strategic planning for dryland salinity, with respect to urban development, must address two principal concerns: the manifestation of land salinisation, and salinisation of waterways in this landscape; and, the impact of a high runoff, high recharge, low perenniality, low groundwater-consumption land use model (e.g. high density suburban housing). Land salinisation impacts on engineering structures, roads, and built infrastructure, and stresses vegetation. Water quality is an issue, especially if development occurs in a drinking water catchment. In order to minimise these impacts on future urban developments, a well-structured decision support system that underpins planning is required. Biophysical characterisation of the landscapes, using the Hydro-Geologic Landscapes (HGL) technique, is complimented by careful studies of the stratigraphy of the Wianamatta Group sediments, the overlying Cainozoic sediments and the Quaternary-Recent deposits in this area. In addition a preliminary groundwater study has been undertaken. Understanding of the detailed regolith geology, hydrology, geomorphology and geological structures allows for appropriate management in a delicate landscape and underpins development planning in outer urban Sydney.

  11. Suicidal electrocution in Sydney: a 10-year case review.

    PubMed

    Chan, Peter; Duflou, Johan

    2008-03-01

    A retrospective study was undertaken of all cases of death due to suicidal electrocution in Sydney, Australia between 1996 and 2005. A total of 25 cases were identified with 20 cases (80%) as a result of direct attachment to an electrical outlet and five cases (20%) as a result of immersion in a body of water with an electrical appliance. Twenty of the 25 individuals were men (mean age = 57 years, range 22-90) and five were women (mean age 67, range 53-88). At least 35% of decedents were either currently working or had worked as electricians. Electrical timers had been used in eight (32%) cases, the fuse blown in one case, but the remaining 16 (64%) bodies were "live" on arrival of witnesses or electricity personnel. This study demonstrates the phenomenon of electrical suicide as a regular occurrence in Sydney. We highlight the need for investigators and emergency workers to remain vigilant upon discovery of electrical suicides, due to the fact that most bodies remain electrically active after death. PMID:18366579

  12. "A Reservoir of Learning": The Beginnings of Continuing Education at the University of Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dymock, Darryl

    2009-01-01

    Adult education has often been on the margin of university offerings in Australia and elsewhere, sometimes regarded as "non-core" business or at least as a financial drain on the institution. At the University of Sydney, however, adult education has managed to survive in one form or other for over 140 years, currently through the Centre for…

  13. The role of phenoloxidase suppression in QX disease outbreaks among Sydney rock oysters ( Saccostrea glomerata)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rodney Peters; David A. Raftos

    2003-01-01

    The paramyxean protozoan, Marteilia sydneyi, is the etiological agent of QX disease in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata). QX disease affects the farming of oysters in Queensland and on five rivers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Disease outbreaks occur during summer months (January to April) and are associated with high mortality rates (up to 98%), which limit the growing

  14. Creating Effective Holocaust Education Programmes for Government Schools with Large Muslim Populations in Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutland, Suzanne D.

    2010-01-01

    Holocaust education can play a role in countering the ongoing problem of prejudice and incitement to hate that can lead to racial tension and violence. This article examines the beliefs of Muslim school children towards Jews in Sydney, Australia. It then discusses efforts to use Holocaust education to combat racist beliefs and hate language, and…

  15. Sydney and Melbourne This special issue celebrates our

    E-print Network

    Peters, Richard

    and focuses on everything from tips from the cities' most prominent designers to dazzling architecture. Sydney and recipes from hot restaurant talent. Whether you are a keen cook, dedicated epicurean or just want to keep

  16. University of Sydney Australie | Australia

    E-print Network

    Petriu, Emil M.

    Politics GOVY2603 CMN3133 Arts Learning in Outdoor Education EDUH4052 TO BE DETERMINED Arts Human Rights and Social Protest SCLG2624 POL4189 Arts Media Globalisation MECO3605 CMN2168 Arts Global Political Economy: Communication, Political Science, Linguistics, Spanish, Geography, Communication, English, Second Language

  17. Sydney Tar Ponds: Some Problems in Quantifying Toxic Waste

    Microsoft Academic Search

    EDWARD FURIMSKY

    2002-01-01

    Information on the type and amount of hazardous and toxic waste is required to develop a meaningful strategy and estimate\\u000a a realistic cost for clean up of the Sydney Tar Pond site which is located on Cape Breton, in the province of Nova Scotia,\\u000a Canada. The site covers the area of the decommissioned Sysco (Sydney Steel Corporation) plant. The materials

  18. Future Training Issues in Australia's Industries. A Collection of the Papers Presented at the NCVER 1998 Conference: Industry Training Outlook '98 (Sydney, Australia, October 12-13, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtin, Penelope, Ed.

    This book contains 31 papers from a conference on future training issues in Australia's industries. The following papers are included: "Training Development in Australia" (Chris Ellison); "Meeting National and Employer Training Requirements" (Mark Paterson); "Meeting Employee Training Requirements" (Bill Mansfield); "Training Challenges in…

  19. Extreme Droughts In Sydney And Melbourne Since The 1850s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dogan, Selim

    2014-05-01

    Sydney and Melbourne are the two highly populated and very well known Australian cities. Population is over 4 million for each. These cities are subject to extreme droughts which affect regional water resources and cause substantial agricultural and economic losses. This study presents a drought analysis of Sydney and Melbourne for the period of 1850s to date by using Effective Drought Index (EDI) and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). EDI is a function of precipitation needed for return to normal conditions, the amount of precipitation necessary for recovery from the accumulated deficit since the beginning of a drought. SPI is the most popular and widely used drought index for the last decades. According to the results of EDI analysis; 8 different extreme drought events identified in Sydney, and 5 events in Melbourne since 1850s. The characterization of these extreme drought events were investigated in terms of magnitude, duration, intensity and interarrival time between previous drought event. EDI results were compared with the results of SPI and the similarities and differences were then discussed in more detail. The most severe drought event was identified for the period of July 1979 to February 1981 (lasted 19 months) for Sydney, while the most severe drought took longer in Melbourne for the period of March 2006 to February 2010 (47 months). This study focuses on the benefits of the use of EDI and SPI methods in order to monitor droughts beside presenting the extreme drought case study of Sydney and Melbourne.

  20. Outbreak of hepatitis A among homosexual men in Sydney.

    PubMed Central

    Stokes, M L; Ferson, M J; Young, L C

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study examined an outbreak of hepatitis A in eastern Sydney during 1991-1992. METHODS: Data were based on cases of hepatitis A in eastern Sydney residents reported from January 1991 to October 1992. RESULTS: Five hundred seventy cases of hepatitis A were reported. Of these, 515 (90%) occurred in male patients, of whom 330 were reported to be homosexual or bisexual. The highest attack rate (71/10,000) occurred in men aged 20 to 29 years of age. CONCLUSIONS: This outbreak affected large numbers of young homosexual men living in the inner eastern suburbs of Sydney. Hepatitis A vaccination should be considered for all susceptible homosexual men. Further research into the use of hepatitis A vaccine as an outbreak control measure is also recommended. PMID:9431300

  1. Epidemiology and molecular characteristics of norovirus GII.4 Sydney outbreaks in Taiwan, January 2012-December 2013.

    PubMed

    Wu, Fang-Tzy; Chen, Hsieh-Cheng; Yen, Catherine; Wu, Ching-Yi; Katayama, Kazuhiko; Park, YoungBin; Hall, Aron J; Vinjé, Jan; Huang, Jason C; Wu, Ho-Sheng

    2015-09-01

    In 2012, a new norovirus GII.4 variant (GII.4 Sydney) emerged and caused the majority of the acute gastroenteritis outbreaks in Australia, Asia, Europe, and North America. We examined the epidemiologic and molecular virologic characteristics of reported acute gastroenteritis outbreaks determined to be caused by norovirus in Taiwan from January 2012 to December 2013. A total of 253 (45.7%) of 552 reported acute gastroenteritis outbreaks tested positive for norovirus, of which 165 (65.5%) were typed as GII.4 Sydney. GII.4 Sydney outbreaks were reported from all geographic areas of Taiwan and occurred most frequently in schools (35.8%) and long-term care facilities (24.2%). Person-to-person transmission was identified in 116 (70.3%) of the outbreaks. Phylogenetic analyses of full-length ORF2 of eight specimens indicated that GII.4 Sydney strains detected in Taiwan were closely related to strains detected globally. Continued outbreak surveillance and strain typing are needed to provide information on epidemiologic and virologic trends of novel norovirus strains. J. Med. Virol. 87:1462-1470, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25946552

  2. Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami in Sydney

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dall'Osso, F.; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.; Dominey-Howes, D.

    2009-12-01

    Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience.

  3. Young people at risk of transitioning to injecting drug use in Sydney, Australia: social disadvantage and other correlates of higher levels of exposure to injecting.

    PubMed

    Lea, Toby; Bryant, Joanne; Ellard, Jeanne; Howard, John; Treloar, Carla

    2015-03-01

    While numerous studies have examined characteristics of young people who have recently initiated injecting, little attention has focused on young people who may be at high risk of transitioning to injecting. This study sought to examine the extent that socially disadvantaged young people were exposed to injecting, determine their level of hepatitis C (HCV) knowledge and identify correlates of higher injecting exposure. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 210 young people in 2010-2011 who were exposed to injecting drug use, but had not transitioned to injecting. Respondents were primarily recruited from youth services in metropolitan Sydney. Exposure to injecting in the previous 12 months was assessed with four items that examined whether close friends, romantic/sexual partners or family members/acquaintances injected drugs, and whether they were offered an injection. Most respondents had at least a few close friends who injected drugs (65%) and almost half had been offered drugs to inject in the previous 12 months (48%). It was less common for respondents to report having a partner who injects (11%). Correlates of higher injecting exposure were examined with multivariate ordinal regression. In the multivariate model, higher exposure to injecting was independently associated with the experience of abuse or violent crime [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.80] and reporting more favourable attitudes towards injecting (AOR = 0.86). Higher exposure to injecting was not independently associated with patterns or history of drug use. HCV knowledge was low to moderate and was not associated with higher exposure to injecting. That drug use was not independently associated with higher injecting exposure may suggest that exposure is shaped more by social disadvantage than by drug use patterns. Additional research is required to investigate this, using an improved measure of exposure to injecting. PMID:25472900

  4. Importance of fabric and composition on the stress sensitivity of permeability in some coals, northern Sydney basin, Australia: Relevance to coalbed methane exploitation

    SciTech Connect

    Bustin, R.M. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada)

    1997-11-01

    Fabric and composition of a series of Upper Permian high-volatile to low-volatile bituminous coals of the Sydney basin have a marked effect on stress sensitivity of permeability, and thus on the reservoir characteristics of the coal. The coals vary in composition from end members of predominantly bright-banded coal comprised mainly of the microlithotype vitrite and the maceral vitrinite, to dull coal composed of significant amounts of ash, inertinite group macerals, and the microlithotype inertite. The brighter coals are more extensively fractured with one or, more commonly, two or three regularly spaced fracture sets (cleats) spaced at 5-20 {mu}m. Fusinite and semifusinite, common macerals in the dull coals, are characterized by phyteral porosity (mainly cell lumens) and fabric-selective intergranular porosity. The permeability of tested samples varies significantly with composition and effective stress. The fabric of the samples is the most important factor in determining permeability and stress sensitivity of permeability. Coals with the highest permeability are those with at least one well-developed, throughgoing fracture set; these samples generally include abundant vitrite bands. The lowest permeability samples are nonbanded, with an attrital fabric and significant authigenic mineralization. At 0.8 MPa effective stress, the permeability of the sample suite ranges from 10 to over 2 x 10{sup 6} {mu}d, a difference of five orders of magnitude. Even at high effective stresses (i.e., 12 MPa), the difference in permeability between samples varies as much as three orders of magnitude. The variation in permeability with effective stress (stress sensitivity) is marked; a twofold increase in effective stress causes a sixfold decrease in permeability. At effective stresses of over 9 MPa, the permeability of all samples is less than 10 {mu}d.

  5. Difference and Diversity at the University of Western Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diaz, Criss Jones

    2004-01-01

    Early childhood education does not exist in isolation from the broader world. The political, social and economic reality that shapes Australian life has a powerful influence on the ways in which curriculum, pedagogy and policy are constructed. At the University of Western Sydney, in accordance with the university's goals and commitments to equity…

  6. Rewriting "The Road to Nowhere": Place Pedagogies in Western Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gannon, Susanne

    2009-01-01

    Negative representations of parts of our cities are endemic in the Australian media, where certain suburbs function as motifs for failure--past, present, and future. Indeed, as one journalist put it after invoking the "interchangeable" triumvirate of Sydney's Mount Druitt, Melbourne's West Heidelberg, and Brisbane's Inala, "geography is destiny"…

  7. The Graduate Fellowships Office Announces: THE SYDNEY EHRMAN FELLOWSHIPS

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Lucia

    The Graduate Fellowships Office Announces: THE SYDNEY EHRMAN FELLOWSHIPS for 2014-2015 Who may are the responsibility of the student. · Applicants who receive the fellowship must provide evidence's College · Please note that this is not a full fellowship and does not include tuition nor student service

  8. Numeracy and Beyond. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia Incorporated (24th, Sydney, Australia, June 30-July 4, 2001). Volume 1 [and] Volume 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bobis, Janette, Ed.; Perry, Bob, Ed.; Mitchelmore, Michael, Ed.

    This document represents volumes 1 and 2 of the proceedings of the 24th annual conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia (MERGA) held at the University of Sydney, June 30-July 4, 2001. In volume 1, papers include: (1) "Connecting Mathematics Education Research to Practice" (Judith Sowder); (2) "Understanding, Assessing,…

  9. The Sydney 2000 World Weather Research Programme Forecast Demonstration Project: Overview and Current Status.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keenan, T.; Joe, P.; Wilson, J.; Collier, C.; Golding, B.; Burgess, D.; May, P.; Pierce, C.; Bally, J.; Crook, A.; Seed, A.; Sills, D.; Berry, L.; Potts, R.; Bell, I.; Fox, N.; Ebert, E.; Eilts, M.;  O'Loughlin, K.;  Webb, R.;  Carbone, R.;  Browning, K.;  Roberts, R.;  Mueller, C.

    2003-08-01

    The first World Weather Research Programme (WWRP) Forecast Demonstration Project (FDP), with a focus on nowcasting, was conducted in Sydney, Australia, from 4 September to 21 November 2000 during a period associated with the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Through international collaboration, nine nowcasting systems from the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia were deployed at the Sydney Office of the Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) to demonstrate the capability of modern forecast systems and to quantify the associated benefits in the delivery of a real-time nowcast service. On-going verification and impact studies supported by international committees assisted by the WWRP formed an integral part of this project. A description is given of the project, including component systems, the weather, and initial outcomes. Initial results show that the nowcasting systems tested were transferable and able to provide valuable information enhancing BOM nowcasts. The project provided for unprecedented interchange of concepts and ideas between forecasters, researchers, and end users in an operational framework where they all faced common issues relevant to real time nowcast decision making. A training workshop sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) was also held in conjunction with the project so that other member nations could benefit from the FDP.

  10. The emergence and evolution of the novel epidemic norovirus GII.4 variant Sydney 2012

    PubMed Central

    Eden, John-Sebastian; Hewitt, Joanne; Lee Lim, Kun; Boni, Maciej F.; Merif, Juan; Greening, Gail; Ratcliff, Rodney M.; Holmes, Edward C.; Tanaka, Mark M.; Rawlinson, William D.; White, Peter A.

    2014-01-01

    Norovirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis with most infections caused by GII.4 variants. To understand the evolutionary processes that contribute to the emergence of GII.4 variants, we examined the molecular epidemiology of norovirus-associated acute gastroenteritis in Australia and New Zealand from 893 outbreaks between 2009 and 2012. Throughout the study GII.4 New Orleans 2009 was predominant; however, during 2012 it was replaced by an emergent GII.4 variant, Sydney 2012. An evolutionary analysis of capsid gene sequences was performed to determine the origins and selective pressures driving the emergence of these recently circulating GII.4 variants. This revealed that both New Orleans 2009 and Sydney 2012 share a common ancestor with GII.4 Apeldoorn 2007. Furthermore, pre-epidemic ancestral variants of each virus were identified up to two years before their pandemic emergence. Adaptive changes at known blockade epitopes in the viral capsid were also identified that likely contributed to their emergence. PMID:24503072

  11. Were jobs more important than health in Sydney?

    PubMed Central

    Robb, N

    1995-01-01

    Unusually high cancer rates in Sydney, NS, have finally prompted an epidemiologic study that will look at the interplay of occupational and environmental exposure, smoking and genetic predisposition. The study is part of a $3.6 million healthy communities project, and it may determine the effect of coke-oven emissions on steelworkers and residents. Images p920-a p921-a p921-b p922-a PMID:7697582

  12. Trace metals in oysters and sediments of Botany Bay, Sydney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. J Hayes; I. J Anderson; M. Z Gaffoor; J Hurtado

    1998-01-01

    Trace metal concentrations (Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn) in Sydney rock oysters (Sacostera commercialis) and sediments (<53 ?m fraction) were determined for six sites in the northern regions of Botany Bay. Levels for lead, cadmium, copper and zinc in oysters ranged (in ?g g?1) from 1.38 to 15.3, 1.81 to 16.3, 56.1 to 212 and 1806 to 2902, respectively. In

  13. Taking Charge: Walter Sydney Adams and the Mount Wilson Observatory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Brashear

    2004-01-01

    The growing preeminence of American observational astronomy in the first half of the 20th century is a well-known story and much credit is given to George Ellery Hale and his skill as an observatory-building entrepreneur. But a key figure who has yet to be discussed in great detail is Walter Sydney Adams (1876-1956), Hale's Assistant Director at Mount Wilson Observatory.

  14. Biography: Elsa Garmire Elsa Garmire is Sydney E Junkins Professor of Engineering Sciences at Dartmouth College,

    E-print Network

    Biography: Elsa Garmire Elsa Garmire is Sydney E Junkins Professor of Engineering Sciences-electronics, nonlinear optics, optical devices, fiber optics, quantum electronics, device fabrication and semiconductors

  15. Information Online 89. Selected Papers from the Australasian Online Information Conference and Exhibition (4th, Sydney, Australia, January 17-19, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowry, Glenn R.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    The 10 papers in this collection discuss the database industry in Australia and New Zealand, networking activities in the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) region, intellectual property protection of databases, the development of land information systems in Australia, the development of expert systems, the use of optical data disks,…

  16. University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 98 8. RECOMMENDATIONS

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 98 8. RECOMMENDATIONS Further Park for evidence of social value; · a review of the images in the University art collection/function usage of the University. #12;University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 99 9

  17. In the Shadows of the Mission: Education Policy, Urban Space, and the "Colonial Present" in Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulson, Kalervo N.; Parkes, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    This paper is concerned with enduring histories and micro-geographies of the (post)colonial Australian nation, played out through contemporary connections between Aboriginality, inner Sydney and educational policy change. This paper traces the "racialization" of space and place in the Sydney inner city suburb of Redfern, including the…

  18. Evidence for Recombination between Pandemic GII.4 Norovirus Strains New Orleans 2009 and Sydney 2012

    PubMed Central

    Martella, V.; Medici, M. C.; De Grazia, S.; Tummolo, F.; Calderaro, A.; Bonura, F.; Saporito, L.; Terio, V.; Catella, C.; Lanave, G.; Buonavoglia, C.

    2013-01-01

    During 2012, a novel pandemic GII.4 norovirus variant, Sydney 2012, emerged worldwide. A signature of the variant was a GII.Pe ORF1, in association with GII.4 Apeldoorn 2008-like ORF2-ORF3 genes. We report the detection of recombinant GII.4 Sydney 2012 strains, possessing the ORF1 gene of the former pandemic variant New Orleans 2009. PMID:23966499

  19. EDITORIAL: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation (GRG18) and 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi7), Sydney, Australia, July 2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scott, Susan M.; McClelland, David E.

    2008-06-01

    At GRG17 in Dublin in 2004, it was decided to hold GRG18 in Sydney in 2007. Every six years, the GRG conference (held every three years) and Amaldi meeting (held every two years) occur in the same year around July. This was to be the case in 2007. By mutual agreement of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation (ISGRG), which oversees the GR conferences and The Gravitational Wave International Committee (GWIC), which oversees the Amaldi meetings, it was decided to hold these two important conferences concurrently, for the first time, at the same venue, namely Sydney. At a time when the gravitational wave community was beginning to explore the possibility of searches to probe various aspects of the theory, the vision was to bring that community together with the community of gravitational theorists in order to better appreciate the work being done by both parties and to explore possibilities for future research using the mutual expertise. The logistics of running two such large meetings concurrently were considerable. The format agreed upon by the ISGRG and GWIC was the following: common plenary sessions in the mornings from Monday to Friday; six parallel GR workshop sessions and an Amaldi session each afternoon from Monday to Friday (except Wednesday); a combined poster session on Wednesday; a full day of Amaldi sessions on the final day (Saturday). The scientific programme for GRG18 was overseen by a Scientific Organising Committee established by the ISGRG and chaired by Professor Sathyaprakash. The scientific programme for Amaldi7 was overseen by GWIC chaired by Professor Cerdonio. One of the highlights of the conferences was the breadth and quality of the plenary programme put together by the scientific committees. Not only did these talks give an excellent snapshot of the entire field at this time, but they also explored the interfaces with other related fields, which proved of special interest to participants. We were given superb overviews of the state of the art of: observational handles on dark energy; collider physics experiments designed to probe cosmology; gravitational dynamics of large stellar systems; and the use of analogue condensed-matter systems in the laboratory to investigate black hole event horizons. In the more mainstream areas we were given timely reviews of: the Gravity Probe B and STEP missions; quasi-local black hole horizons and their applications; cosmic censorship; the spin foam model approach to quantum gravity; the causal dynamical triangulations approach to quantum gravity; superstring theory applied to questions in particle physics; the current status and prospects for gravitational wave astronomy; ground-based gravitational wave detection; and technological developments for the future LISA mission. This issue is published as the proceedings of GRG18 and Amaldi7. It contains the overview articles by the plenary speakers, the summaries of each GRG18 workshop parallel session as provided by the workshop chairs, and the highlights of the Amaldi7 meeting as selected by the Amaldi7 chairs. Other Amaldi7 talks and posters will appear as articles in a refereed issue of the electronic Journal of Physics Conference Series. This CQG special issue and the related issue of JPCS will be electronically linked. The conference organisers would like to acknowledge the financial support of: The Australian National University; IUPAP; The Australian Institute of Physics; BHP Billiton; The University of Western Australia; The University of New South Wales; The Institute of Physics; The Gravity Research Foundation; SGI; CosNet; The Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute; Springer; Duraduct; the New South Wales Government; The Australasian Society for General Relativity and Gravitation; the Mexican GR bid; the Centre for Precision Optics; The Anglo-Australian Observatory; Newspec; CSIRO; and The University of Melbourne. We would like to thank the GRG18 Scientific Organising Committee, GWIC and the Local Organising Committee for all their hard work in putting together these very succes

  20. Sexual health and use of condoms among local and international sex workers in Sydney.

    PubMed Central

    O'Connor, C C; Berry, G; Rohrsheim, R; Donovan, B

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare indicators of sexual health and predictors of condom use for commercial sex among local and international female sex workers first attending an STD clinic. SETTING: A public STD clinic in Sydney, Australia. SUBJECTS: All sex workers first attending between June 1991 and May 1993. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of demographic, behavioural and morbidity data from proforma medical records. RESULTS: 91 local sex workers and 123 international sex workers (predominantly from Thailand, Malaysia and China) first presented during the study period. There were significantly higher prevalences of chlamydia (0 v. 15%, p = 0.0002), gonorrhoea (0 v. 14%, p = 0.0006), syphilis (0 v. 10%, p = 0.006) and clinical genital herpes (0 v. 5%, p = 0.04) among international sex workers. The only case of HIV infection was in an international sex worker. Inconsistent condom use for commercial sex was significantly more common among international sex workers (RR = 4.5; 95% CI 3.1-6.5). On multivariate analysis, inconsistent condom use in international sex workers was associated with a recent history of prostitution outside Australia (p = 0.04), while inconsistent condom usage among local sex workers was associated with increasing age (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: These data illustrate the efficacy of condoms and the success of targeted education programmes in local sex workers in Sydney. By contrast, international sex workers continued to be at high risk of STDs. The international sex industry in Sydney requires enhanced culture-specific interventions. Immigration laws as they affect sex workers should also be reviewed. PMID:8655167

  1. Research in Geographical Education--Volume 2. Papers Presented to the National Meeting of the Australian Geographical Research Association (2nd, Sydney, Australia, December 4-6, 1982).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fien, John, Ed.; And Others

    This publication contains 14 papers, most of which were written by instructors of higher education in Australia and Great Britain. Following an introduction, the first five papers are "The Development of Children's Map Ability" (Simon Catling), "Published Guidance to Pupils on Atlas Mapwork Skills" (Herbert Sandford), "Tactual Mapping and the Bold…

  2. Funding the bud bank: a review of the costs of buds Peter A. Vesk and Mark Westoby, Dept of Biological Sciences, Macquarie Univ., Sydney, NSW Australia. Present

    E-print Network

    Vesk, Peter

    Funding the bud bank: a review of the costs of buds Peter A. Vesk and Mark Westoby, Dept VIC, 3800 Australia. (peter.vesk@sci.monash.edu.au). Retaining a reserve of buds or meristems for recovery from occasional damage is widespread among plants. Yet possession of a bud bank is not ubiquitous

  3. National Workshop on Equity Research. Report and Papers from a National Workshop (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, May 21-22, 1999). Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Technology Univ.-Sydney, Broadway (Australia). Research Centre for Vocational Education and Training.

    This publication is comprised of 12 position papers from the National Equity Workshop held at the University of Technology Sidney (Australia) at which participants summarized their positions on the way equity should be understood, their views on the strengths and weaknesses of current vocational education and training (VET) policy, and what they…

  4. Highlighting the History of 19th Century Australian Astronomy: The Tebbutt Collection in the Mitchell Library, Sydney

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orchiston, W.

    2004-12-01

    After providing a biographical sketch of John Tebbutt, Australia's foremost nineteenth century astronomer, this paper summarises the collection of Tebbutt archives in the Mitchell Library, Sydney, and discusses some individual record lost in detail. The `Tebbutt Collection' is an indispensable resource for those studying nineteenth and early twentieth century Australian astronomy, but it also throws light on the state of British, South African and New Zealand astronomy at this time.

  5. Relationship between the population incidence of febrile convulsions in young children in Sydney, Australia and seasonal epidemics of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus, 2003-2010: a time series analysis

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background In 2010, intense focus was brought to bear on febrile convulsions in Australian children particularly in relation to influenza vaccination. Febrile convulsions are relatively common in infants and can lead to hospital admission and severe outcomes. We aimed to examine the relationships between the population incidence of febrile convulsions and influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) seasonal epidemics in children less than six years of age in Sydney Australia using routinely collected syndromic surveillance data and to assess the feasibility of using this data to predict increases in population rates of febrile convulsions. Methods Using two readily available sources of routinely collected administrative data; the NSW Emergency Department (ED) patient management database (1 January 2003 - 30 April 2010) and the Ambulance NSW dispatch database (1 July 2006 - 30 April 2010), we used semi-parametric generalized additive models (GAM) to determine the association between the population incidence rate of ED presentations and urgent ambulance dispatches for 'convulsions', and the population incidence rate of ED presentations for 'influenza-like illness' (ILI) and 'bronchiolitis' - proxy measures of influenza and RSV circulation, respectively. Results During the study period, when the weekly all-age population incidence of ED presentations for ILI increased by 1/100,000, the 0 to 6 year-old population incidence of ED presentations for convulsions increased by 6.7/100,000 (P < 0.0001) and that of ambulance calls for convulsions increased by 3.2/100,000 (P < 0.0001). The increase in convulsions occurred one week earlier relative to the ED increase in ILI. The relationship was weaker during the epidemic of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza virus. When the 0 to 3 year-old population incidence of ED presentations for bronchiolitis increased by 1/100,000, the 0 to 6 year-old population incidence of ED presentations for convulsions increased by 0.01/100,000 (P < 0.01). We did not find a meaningful and statistically significant association between bronchiolitis and ambulance calls for convulsions. Conclusions Influenza seasonal epidemics are associated with a substantial and statistically significant increase in the population incidence of hospital attendances and ambulance dispatches for reported febrile convulsions in young children. Monitoring syndromic ED and ambulance data facilitates rapid surveillance of reported febrile convulsions at a population level. PMID:22029484

  6. Complete Nucleotide Sequence Analysis of the Norovirus GII.4 Sydney Variant in South Korea

    PubMed Central

    Park, Ji-Sun; Lee, Sung-Geun; Cho, Han-Gil; Jheong, Weon-Hwa; Paik, Soon-Young

    2015-01-01

    Norovirus is the primary cause of acute gastroenteritis in individuals of all ages. In Australia, a new strain of norovirus (GII.4) was identified in March 2012, and this strain has spread rapidly around the world. In August 2012, this new GII.4 strain was identified in patients in South Korea. Therefore, to examine the characteristics of the epidemic norovirus GII.4 2012 variant in South Korea, we conducted KM272334 full-length genomic analysis. The genome of the gg-12-08-04 strain consisted of 7,558?bp and contained three open reading frame (ORF) composites throughout the whole genome: ORF1 (5,100?bp), ORF2 (1,623?bp), and ORF3 (807?bp). Phylogenetic analyses showed that gg-12-08-04 belonged to the GII.4 Sydney 2012 variant, sharing 98.92% nucleotide similarity with this variant strain. According to SimPlot analysis, the gg-12-08-04 strain was a recombinant strain with breakpoint at the ORF1/2 junction between Osaka 2007 and Apeldoorn 2008 strains. This study is the first report of the complete sequence of the GII.4 Sydney 2012 strain in South Korea. Therefore, this may represent the standard sequence of the norovirus GII.4 2012 variant in South Korea and could therefore be useful for the development of norovirus vaccines. PMID:25688356

  7. Students Ratings Chart University of Technology Sydney *Please note that the following ratings have been taking from uOttawa students testimonies and

    E-print Network

    Petriu, Emil M.

    Students Ratings Chart ­ University of Technology Sydney *Please note that the following ratings have been taking from uOttawa students testimonies and that you may consult them in the documentation.5 In general/En général Country Type of program Link Language of institution Australia General/Cadre http

  8. Students Ratings Chart University of Sydney *Please note that the following ratings have been taking from uOttawa students testimonies and

    E-print Network

    Petriu, Emil M.

    Students Ratings Chart ­ University of Sydney *Please note that the following ratings have been taking from uOttawa students testimonies and that you may consult them in the documentation center In general/En général Country Type of program Link Language of institution Australia General/Cadre http

  9. Dreamtime astronomy: development of a new indigenous program at Sydney Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wyatt, Geoffrey; Stephenson, Toner; Hamacher, Duane W.

    2014-07-01

    The Australian National Curriculum promotes Indigenous culture in school education programs. To foster a broader appreciation of cultural astronomy, to utilise the unique astronomical heritage of the site, and to develop an educational program within the framework of the National Curriculum, Sydney Observatory launched Dreamtime Astronomy - a program incorporating Australian Indigenous culture, astronomy, and Sydney's astronomical history and heritage. This paper reviews the development and implementation of this program and discusses modifications following an evaluation that was conducted by schools.

  10. Improved intersection design and monitoring in the Sydney Coalfield

    SciTech Connect

    Corbett, G.R.; Payne, D.A. [CANMET, Nova Scotia (Canada). Cape Breton Coal Research Lab.

    1995-11-01

    The introduction of roof bolts to Phalen Colliery in the Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia (annual output of 2Mt) has been successfully implemented in maingate and tailgate entries over the last four years. Monitoring of the roof bolted areas continues to be an integral part of the quality control program as the results are utilized to maintain safety and to aid in long-term design strategies. Although all gateroads in the Phalen Colliery have converted to roof bolts as their primary means of support, the majority of intersections which intersect the main slopes remain supported by large steel structures. Several intersections within the Phalen Colliery were monitored as they were created by the mining process. A comparison is made between intersections supported with only traditional 6.4 to 6.7 m steel structure and intersections supported by 2.44 m fully resin encapsulated roof bolts in conjunction with 7.6 m fully cement grouted cable bolts. Detailed monitoring was conducted using CANMET`s intrinsically safe sonic probe extensometers data logger which has the ability to read up to sixteen probes simultaneously at programmed intervals. The density of the data from the data logger has allowed a better understanding of the deformation of cable bolted intersections than was possible with manual monitoring. Test results have helped mine operators to design safer cable bolted intersections.

  11. Science and technology progress at the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robertson, J. Gordon; Ireland, Michael J.; Tango, William J.; Tuthill, Peter G.; Warrington, Benjamin A.; Kok, Yitping; Rizzuto, A. C.; Cheetham, Anthony; Jacob, Andrew P.

    2012-07-01

    This paper presents an overview of recent progress at the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI). Development of the third-generation PAVO beam combiner has continued. The MUSCA beam combiner for high-precision differential astrometry using visible light phase referencing is under active development and will be the subject of a separate paper. Because SUSI was one of the pioneering interferometric instruments, some of its original systems are old and have become difficult to maintain. We are undertaking a campaign of modernization of systems: (1) an upgrade of the Optical Path Length Compensator IR laser metrology counter electronics from a custom system which uses an obsolete single-board computer to a modern one based on an FPGA interfaced to a Linux computer - in addition to improving maintainability, this upgrade should allow smoother motion and higher carriage speeds; (2) the replacement of the aged single-board computer local controllers for the siderostats and the longitudinal dispersion compensator has been completed; (3) the large beam reducing telescope has been replaced with a pair of smaller units with separate accessible foci. Examples of scientific results are also included.

  12. Emergence of the GII-4 Norovirus Sydney2012 Strain in England, Winter 2012–2013

    PubMed Central

    Allen, David J.; Adams, Natalie L.; Aladin, Farah; Harris, John P.; Brown, David W. G.

    2014-01-01

    Norovirus is the commonest cause of acute gastrointestinal disease and is the main aetiological agent of outbreaks of gastroenteritis, particularly in semi-closed environments. Norovirus infections in England typically peak between December and March each year. The most commonly detected norovirus strains belong to the genetically diverse genogroup-II genotype-4 (GII-4) genocluster and in the previous two norovirus winter seasons the majority of GII-4 strains in circulation worldwide have been genetically similar to the GII-4 strain New Orleans 1805/2009/USA. At the beginning of the 2012/13 season a genetically distinct GII-4 strain (Sydney 2012/NSW0514/2012/AU) was described which emerged worldwide during the winter of 2012/13. Here we describe the emergence of norovirus strains genetically related to Sydney2012 in England during the 2012/13 season to replace NewOrleans2009 strains as the most commonly detected variant of GII-4 norovirus in England. Furthermore, we demonstrate that whilst the emergence of Sydney2012 coincided with an early peak in the number of norovirus outbreaks, there was not an overall increase in norovirus activity compared to the previous season. Finally, we show that the Sydney2012 strain is associated with distinct genetic changes compared to the NewOrleans2009 strain, and these changes may have contributed to the emergence of the Sydney2012 strain. PMID:24551201

  13. The Impact of Climate Change on Ozone-Related Mortality in Sydney

    PubMed Central

    Physick, William; Cope, Martin; Lee, Sunhee

    2014-01-01

    Coupled global, regional and chemical transport models are now being used with relative-risk functions to determine the impact of climate change on human health. Studies have been carried out for global and regional scales, and in our paper we examine the impact of climate change on ozone-related mortality at the local scale across an urban metropolis (Sydney, Australia). Using three coupled models, with a grid spacing of 3 km for the chemical transport model (CTM), and a mortality relative risk function of 1.0006 per 1 ppb increase in daily maximum 1-hour ozone concentration, we evaluated the change in ozone concentrations and mortality between decades 1996–2005 and 2051–2060. The global model was run with the A2 emissions scenario. As there is currently uncertainty regarding a threshold concentration below which ozone does not impact on mortality, we calculated mortality estimates for the three daily maximum 1-hr ozone concentration thresholds of 0, 25 and 40 ppb. The mortality increase for 2051–2060 ranges from 2.3% for a 0 ppb threshold to 27.3% for a 40 ppb threshold, although the numerical increases differ little. Our modeling approach is able to identify the variation in ozone-related mortality changes at a suburban scale, estimating that climate change could lead to an additional 55 to 65 deaths across Sydney in the decade 2051–2060. Interestingly, the largest increases do not correspond spatially to the largest ozone increases or the densest population centres. The distribution pattern of changes does not seem to vary with threshold value, while the magnitude only varies slightly. PMID:24419047

  14. The impact of climate change on ozone-related mortality in Sydney.

    PubMed

    Physick, William; Cope, Martin; Lee, Sunhee

    2014-01-01

    Coupled global, regional and chemical transport models are now being used with relative-risk functions to determine the impact of climate change on human health. Studies have been carried out for global and regional scales, and in our paper we examine the impact of climate change on ozone-related mortality at the local scale across an urban metropolis (Sydney, Australia). Using three coupled models, with a grid spacing of 3 km for the chemical transport model (CTM), and a mortality relative risk function of 1.0006 per 1 ppb increase in daily maximum 1-hour ozone concentration, we evaluated the change in ozone concentrations and mortality between decades 1996-2005 and 2051-2060. The global model was run with the A2 emissions scenario. As there is currently uncertainty regarding a threshold concentration below which ozone does not impact on mortality, we calculated mortality estimates for the three daily maximum 1-hr ozone concentration thresholds of 0, 25 and 40 ppb. The mortality increase for 2051-2060 ranges from 2.3% for a 0 ppb threshold to 27.3% for a 40 ppb threshold, although the numerical increases differ little. Our modeling approach is able to identify the variation in ozone-related mortality changes at a suburban scale, estimating that climate change could lead to an additional 55 to 65 deaths across Sydney in the decade 2051-2060. Interestingly, the largest increases do not correspond spatially to the largest ozone increases or the densest population centres. The distribution pattern of changes does not seem to vary with threshold value, while the magnitude only varies slightly. PMID:24419047

  15. University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 5 2. SUMMARY HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 5 2. SUMMARY HISTORY to several other #12;University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 6 officers Darlington School now stands, and another tributary began in Victoria Park. Both ran north-east through Glebe

  16. Local Willingness-to-Pay Estimates for the Remediation of the Sydney Tar Ponds in Nova Scotia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ida Ferrara; Stephen McComb; Paul Missios

    2007-01-01

    une large part des coûts de restauration du site. The Sydney Tar Ponds and Coke Ovens site in Nova Scotia, Canada, is among the most toxic hazardous waste sites in North America. This study presents hedonic estimates of the willingness-to-pay for remediation of the site using housing sales data from urban Sydney. Negative impacts are estimated with a maximum likelihood

  17. Distribution and possible sources of organochlorine residues in sediments of a large urban estuary, Port Jackson, Sydney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. F. Birch; S. E. Taylor

    2000-01-01

    Sydney Harbour is surrounded by a large capital city of about four million people and its highly urbanised (86%) catchment supports a substantial industrial base and an extensive transport infrastructure. Large commercial and naval ports occupy the waterway and the harbour is an important recreational area. Surficial sediment in Sydney Harbour contains high concentrations of PCBs, HCB, total chlordane, total

  18. Environmental recovery in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia: evidence of natural and anthropogenic sediment capping.

    PubMed

    Walker, Tony R; MacAskill, Devin; Weaver, Peter

    2013-09-15

    Contaminants were assessed in Sydney Harbour during baseline and three years of remediation of a former coking and steel facility. Concentrations of PAHs; PCBs; and lead measured in surface sediments indicate overall spatial distribution patterns of historical contaminants remains unchanged, although at much lower concentrations than previously reported due to natural sediment recovery. Recovery rates were in broad agreement with predicted concentrations; or in some cases lower, despite remediation at the Sydney Tar Ponds (STP) site. Contaminants showed little temporal variability, except for detection of significant increases in PAH concentrations during onset of remediation compared to baseline which represented a short term interruption in the overall long term natural recovery of sediments in Sydney Harbour. Recovery (via "capping") was enhanced following recent harbour dredging activities where less contaminated outer harbour sediments were discharged into a confined disposal facility (CDF) required for a new container in the inner harbour. PMID:23820194

  19. Machine gaming in Sydney clubs: characteristics of the supporting resident populations.

    PubMed

    Breen, Helen; Hing, Nerilee; Weeks, Paul

    2002-01-01

    This research provided background for surveys and interviews in later stages of a 3 part project. It aimed to identify, from secondary research, sociodemographic characteristics which tend to support registered clubs and their machine gaming activities in the Sydney Statistical Division. Using multiple methods including Pearson's Product Moment correlation, Principal Components factor analysis, and stepwise regression, the study profiled Sydney populations which spend highly on gaming machines. The most important sociodemographic predictors of Sydney statistical local areas where per capita gaming machine expenditure is high are large proportions of the adult resident population who were born in Malta, Greece, Lebanon, China, Italy, Vietnam, Yugoslavia, India or the Philippines; have no vocational or tertiary qualifications; or are unemployed. PMID:12375385

  20. SAMI: Sydney-AAO Multi-object Integral field spectrograph pipeline

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allen, J. T.; Green, A. W.; Fogarty, L. M. R.; Sharp, R.; Nielsen, J.; Konstantopoulos, I.; Taylor, E. N.; Scott, N.; Cortese, L.; Richards, S. N.; Croom, S.; Owers, M. S.; Bauer, A. E.; Sweet, S. M.; Bryant, J. J.

    2014-07-01

    The SAMI (Sydney-AAO Multi-object Integral field spectrograph) pipeline reduces data from the Sydney-AAO Multi-object Integral field spectrograph (SAMI) for the SAMI Galaxy Survey. The python code organizes SAMI data and, along with the AAO 2dfdr package, carries out all steps in the data reduction, from raw data to fully calibrated datacubes. The principal steps are: data management, use of 2dfdr to produce row-stacked spectra, flux calibration, correction for telluric absorption, removal of atmospheric dispersion, alignment of dithered exposures, and drizzling onto a regular output grid. Variance and covariance information is tracked throughout the pipeline. Some quality control routines are also included.

  1. University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 65 6. DEVELOPMENT OF POLICY -OPPORTUNITIES AND

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 65 6. DEVELOPMENT OF POLICY in the statement of significance brings with it implications for conservation policy. The objective of conservation policies is to conserve, as far as is possible, the attributes of the place assessed as being of heritage

  2. University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 40 4. ANALYSIS

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan -- October 2002 Page 40 4. ANALYSIS The following this includes the Colleges, Victoria Park, and Prince Alfred Hospital. These areas share, and contribute to approaches with neighbouring land managers where this appears necessary to ensure the conservation of shared

  3. 2011 Sydney Region Computing Education Conventicle Thursday 24 November, 10am-4pm

    E-print Network

    Guzdial, Mark

    and Learning in Information and Computer Sciences Richard Gluga, University of Sydney (11-11.30) Coming on methods of measuring learning progression in programming fundamentals. Paper to be presented at ACE 2012 in elementary programming patterns benefits novice programmers. We build on those studies by implementing

  4. The house money effect and local traders on the Sydney Futures Exchange

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alex Frino; Joel Grant; David Johnstone

    2008-01-01

    The “house money effect” describes the psychological tendency of investors to become increasingly risk-seeking immediately following monetary gains. We observe evidence consistent with this behavioral bias in the trades executed by professional futures traders (“locals”) on the Sydney Futures Exchange (SFE). Previous research demonstrates the house money effect among participants in laboratory settings but not among actual traders. By distinguishing

  5. "It Had No Voice to It": Sydney Pollack's Film Translation of Isak Dinesen's "Out of Africa."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Brenda; Descutner, David

    1996-01-01

    Investigates the rhetorical implications of Sydney Pollack's translation of Isak Dinesen's autobiographical texts. Argues that Pollack's film uses strategies of transference, redefinition, antithesis, and displacement to renarrate Dinesen's writings, resulting in a depoliticized romantic adventure. Finds that these strategies misrepresent Dinesen,…

  6. Taking the Con Out of Convenience: The True Cost of Transport Modes in Sydney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Garry Glazebrook

    2009-01-01

    There has been growing interest internationally in the development of comprehensive estimates of the costs of urban transport, fuelled by concerns over global warming, peak oil, road congestion, tolls and public transport subsidies. This article examines the internal and external costs of major modes in Sydney. In terms of total costs, trains are the cheapest, followed by buses, with cars

  7. Limit order book, anonymity and market liquidity: evidence from the Sydney Futures Exchange

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alex Frino; Dionigi Gerace; Andrew Lepone

    2008-01-01

    AbstractThis study examines the impact of the removal of broker mnemonics on the Sydney Futures Exchange. Early research finds that a decrease in transparency reduces liquidity in the market, whereas more recent research finds that reduced transparency improves market quality. Results of the present study indicate an improvement in liquidity after the removal of broker mnemonics. There is a significant

  8. Embedding an Indigenous Graduate Attribute into University of Western Sydney's Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anning, Berice

    2010-01-01

    The paper reports on embedding an Indigenous graduate attribute into courses at the University of Western Sydney (UWS), providing the background to the development and implementation of a holistic and individual Indigenous graduate attribute. It details the approach taken by the Badanami Centre for Indigenous Education in advising the UWS staff on…

  9. Harmonic analysis of climatological sea surface salinity Tim P. Boyer and Sydney Levitus

    E-print Network

    Harmonic analysis of climatological sea surface salinity Tim P. Boyer and Sydney Levitus Ocean decomposition of the World Ocean Atlas 1998 (WOA98) fields of climatological monthly mean salinity is used salinity scale (PSS). Areas with an annual cycle larger than 0.3 include the northern Indian Ocean

  10. Statistical analyses of regional heavy mineral variation, Hawkesbury sandstone and Narrabeen Group (Triassic), Sydney Basin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. C. Galloway

    1972-01-01

    An analysis of variance of the available heavy mineral data from the Triassic Hawkesbury Sandstone and Narrabeen Group of the Sydney Basin shows that there is a highly significant (P < .01) difference between the two units in the average proportion of zircon and rutile where the proportion of each heavy mineral is expressed as zircon + rutile + tourmaline

  11. Time-keeping in the antipodes: a critical comparison of the Sydney and Littelton time balls

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinns, Roger

    2009-07-01

    Maudslay, Sons & Field built the time ball apparatus for Sydney, New South Wales (NSW) in 1855, and to hoist the ball they used a rack and pinion that was developed from the mechanism found at Edinburgh and Deal. Sydney's time ball became operational in 1858, following completion of Sydney Observatory (which included a time ball tower). Henry Russell, the NSW Government Astronomer, modified this apparatus to a limited extent during the 1870s, but most principal features were retained. The apparatus for Lyttelton, New Zealand, was ordered in 1873 and shipped from London in 1874 by Siemens Brothers. lt, too, had to await completion of the necessary tower, and became operational in 1876. Both Antipodean time balls were still working in 2009. In this paper it is demonstrated that the apparatus at Lyttelton is a replica of the 1855 design used in Sydney, despite the long interval between their dates of supply. The only surviving note in Maudslays' records about an 1873 time ball indicates provision for the Cape of Good Hope and an association with Siemens. A time ball was installed at Alfred Docks in Cape Town during 1873, but available evidence indicates that it was unlikely to have been built by Maudslays. lt is suggested that Maudslays' 1873 apparatus was instead sold to Siemens Brothers who installed it at Lyttelton. No Siemens records showing the supply of time balls to other locations at this time have been found.

  12. CBD and South East Light Rail Light rail expansion to transform Sydney

    E-print Network

    Blennerhassett, Peter

    CBD and South East Light Rail Light rail expansion to transform Sydney Construction will soon be underway on the $1.6 billion CBD and South East Light Rail that will transform the future of transport been granted for the NSW Government to build light rail from Circular Quay, through the CBD

  13. To appear at ICSLP'98, Sydney, Austrailia DATADRIVEN EXTENSIONS TO HMM STATISTICAL DEPENDENCIES

    E-print Network

    Bilmes, Jeff

    To appear at ICSLP'98, Sydney, Austrailia DATA­DRIVEN EXTENSIONS TO HMM STATISTICAL DEPENDENCIES). For an accurate representation of p(X t jX!t), any channel model must have information transmission rate at least as big as I(X t ; X!t) where I(X ; Y ) is the mutual information between random vectors X and Y . Noisy

  14. AppScale Design and Implementation Navraj Chohan Chris Bunch Sydney Pang

    E-print Network

    Krintz, Chandra

    AppScale Design and Implementation Navraj Chohan Chris Bunch Sydney Pang Chandra Krintz Nagy Technical Report Number 2009-02 January 27th, 2009 Abstract We present the design and implementation of App. In the spirit of Eucalyptus, we have designed and implemented an open source research framework, called App

  15. University of Technology, Sydney response to Measuring the Socio-economic Status of Higher Education Students

    E-print Network

    University of Technology, Sydney

    1 University of Technology, Sydney response to Measuring the Socio-economic Status of Higher should be made to establish acceptable measures based on individual circumstances, recognition should continue to be attributed to social environment, which exerts a powerful influence over school performance

  16. Gang Rape in Sydney: Crime, the Media, Politics, Race and Sentencing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kate Warner

    2004-01-01

    In 2001 and 2002, print, radio and television gave extensive coverage to a series of gang rapes in Bankstown and other suburbs of south-west Sydney. The coverage attacked the laxity and inefficiency of the criminal justice system and immigration policy. It fuelled public fears about increases in crime in particular areas and fear of “ethnic gangs” and racially-motivated crime. The

  17. The Impact of Supply and Demand Management Approaches on the Security of Sydney's Water Supply

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter J. Coombes; Linda Holz; George Kuczera

    The impact of supply and demand management approaches on the security of Sydney's water supply was evaluated using the non-parametric regional demand model (Coombes et al., 2002) and the WATHNET network linear headworks model (Kuczera, 1992). The use of different pump marks for extractions from the Shoalhaven River, various frequencies of water restrictions, rainwater tanks and demand management measures has

  18. Swimming performance changes during the final 3 weeks of training leading to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.

    PubMed

    Mujika, I; Padilla, S; Pyne, D

    2002-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of the swimming performance change during the final 3 weeks of training (F3T) leading to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Olympic swimmers who took part in the same event or events at the Telstra 2000 Grand Prix Series in Melbourne, Australia, (26 - 27 August 2000), and 21 - 28 d later at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games (16 - 23 September 2000) were included in this analysis. A total of 99 performances (50 male, 49 female) were analysed. The overall performance improvement between pre- and post-F3T conditions for all swimmers was 2.18 +/- 1.50 % (p < 0.0001), (range - 1.14 % to 6.02 %). A total of 91 of the 99 analysed performances were faster after the F3T and only 8 were slower. The percentage improvement with F3T was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in males (2.57 +/- 1.45 %) than in females (1.78 +/- 1.45 %). In conclusion, the pre-Olympic F3T elicited a significant performance improvement of 2.57 % for male and 1.78 % for female swimmers at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. The magnitude was similar for all competition events, and was achieved by swimmers from different countries and performance levels. These data provide a quantitative framework for coaches and swimmers to set realistic performance goals based on individual performance levels before the final training phase leading to important competitions. PMID:12439774

  19. Fire effects on reservoir water quality: lessons from the 2013 Sydney wildfires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doerr, Stefan; Santin, Cristina; Chafer, Chris

    2014-05-01

    Unseasonally, early and severe forest fires burnt ca 10,000 ha of dry sclerophyl eucalypt forest in Oct. 2013 near Sydney (NSW, Australia). The fire affected parts of the Nepean catchment, which contributes to the greater Sydney water supply system. The spatial extent and severe nature of the burn raised concerns about the risk of water contamination from post-fire erosion. An investigation was launched with the aim to determine (i) the total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil that are particular susceptible to erosion, (ii) their chemical composition regarding constituents relevant to water quality, and (iii) the potential impacts of post-fire erosion events transferring some of this material into the reservoir. Sampling was carried out at a ridge in the Nepean catchment with a relatively homogeneous vegetation species composition, fuel load and soil characteristics, but with a range of burn severities, resulting from wind-driven differences in fire behaviour. This allowed sampling of three replicate sites each, with 30 sampling points each, for extreme, moderate-severe, and low burn severities, including also soil and litter sampling at a long-unburned control site. Burn severity was determined using the differenced normalised burn ratio (dNBR) obtained from satellite images immediately before (1 day) and after (1 week) the fire, validated by on site determination of fuel consumption completeness. Between the fire and the sampling campaign, rainfall was very limited so that there had been no significant redistribution of ash and loose charred topsoil by water erosion. The ash and loose charred topsoil were consistently wettable and the underlying uncharred soil highly water repellent at all sites and sampling points irrespective of burn severity. The total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil increased substantially with burn severity and changed in composition from comprising mainly charred litter and charcoal at low severity sites to charred litter, charcoal, mineral ash and charred mineral soil at extreme severity sites. Field sampling had just been completed at the time of producing this abstract. At the time of presentation, we expect to present (i) the total loads (t/ha) of ash and loose charred topsoil for each burn severity class; (ii) data on detailed chemical characterisation of the sampled materials including background values for litter and long-unburned soil; (iii) a spatially distributed estimation of ash and loose charred topsoil for the study catchment; and (iv) potential implications for water quality impacts based on a series of post-fire rainfall and erosion scenarios. Wider implications for water quality impacts in eucalypt forest catchments in relation to fuel loads and fire behaviour will also be discussed.

  20. A Community Outbreak of Cryptosporidiosis in Sydney Associated with a Public Swimming Facility: A Case-Control Study

    PubMed Central

    Mayne, Darren J.; Ressler, Kelly-Anne; Smith, Diane; Hockey, Gareth; Botham, Susan J.; Ferson, Mark J.

    2011-01-01

    In February, 2008, the South Eastern Sydney Illawarra Public Health Unit investigated an outbreak of cryptosporidiosis within the south east region of Sydney, Australia. Thirty-one cases with laboratory-confirmed cryptosporidiosis and 97 age- and geographically matched controls selected by random digit dialling were recruited into a case-control study and interviewed for infection risk factors. Cryptosporidiosis was associated with swimming at Facility A (matched odds ratio = 19.4, 95% confidence interval: 3.7–100.8) and exposure to household contacts with diarrhoea (matched odds ratio = 7.7, 95% confidence interval: 1.9–31.4) in multivariable conditional logistic regression models. A protective effect for any animal contact was also found (matched odds ratio = 0.2, 95% confidence interval: 0.1–0.7). Cryptosporidium hominis subtype IbA10G2 was identified in 8 of 11 diagnostic stool samples available for cases. This investigation reaffirms the importance of public swimming pools as potential sources of Cryptosporidium infection and ensuring their compliance with water-quality guidelines. The protective effect of animal contact may be suggestive of past exposure leading to immunity. PMID:22194741

  1. Thomas, M. J. W. (2003). Uncovering the origins of latent failures: the evaluation of an organisation's training systems design in relation to operational performance. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Aviation Psychology Symposium. Sydney, Austra

    E-print Network

    2003-01-01

    of an organisation's training systems design in relation to operational performance. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Aviation Psychology Symposium. Sydney, Australia: Australian Aviation Psychology Association 1 Uncovering the Origins of Latent Failures: The Evaluation of an Organisation's Training Systems Design

  2. "I'm Not a Dole-Bludger!" Attitudes of Yr 9 Sydney High School Students towards Work, Unemployment and the Dole. A Report of the Mount Druitt Longitudinal Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barltrop, Jenny

    A study investigated the view that the decline in the work ethic would be stronger in the Mount Druitt area west of Sydney, Australia, where unemployment is prominent in the community and the "dole-bludger" stereotype is correspondingly rife. (A "dole-bludger" cheats the system and is considered a parasite on the community.) The study described…

  3. Montreal Quebec City Corner Brook Charlottetown Sydney Halifax Saint John Bar Harbor Rockland/Camden Newport New York

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    Montreal · Quebec City · Corner Brook · Charlottetown · Sydney Halifax · Saint John · Bar Harbor, and crimson. Set out from Montreal for Quebec City, and savor its French ambiance as you stroll through

  4. Proteomic analysis of Sydney Rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) exposed to metal contamination in the field.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Emma L; Taylor, Daisy A; Nair, Sham V; Birch, Gavin; Hose, Grant C; Raftos, David A

    2012-11-01

    This study used proteomics to assess the impacts of metal contamination in the field on Sydney Rock oysters. Oysters were transplanted into Lake Macquarie, NSW, for two weeks in both 2009 and 2010. Two-dimensional electrophoresis identified changes in protein expression profiles of oyster haemolymph between control and metal contaminated sites. There were unique protein expression profiles for each field trial. Principal components analysis attributed these differences in oyster proteomes to the different combinations and concentrations of metals and other environmental variables present during the three field trials. Identification of differentially expressed proteins showed that proteins associated with cytoskeletal activity and stress responses were the most commonly affected biological functions in the Sydney Rock oyster. Overall, the data show that proteomics combined with multivariate analysis has the potential to link the effects of contaminants with biological consequences. PMID:22771357

  5. An examination of signs of disease progression in survivors of the Sydney Blood Bank Cohort (SBBC)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M.-R Birch; J. C Learmont; W. B Dyer; N. J Deacon; J. J Zaunders; N Saksena; A. L Cunningham; J Mills; J. S Sullivan

    2001-01-01

    Background: The Sydney Blood Bank Cohort (SBBC) was infected between 1981 and 1984 with a nef\\/LTR defective strain of HIV-1. Different responses to HIV-1 infection have emerged between cohort members in the last 5 years. Three recipients (C135, C64 and C49) remain asymptomatic, have normal CD4 T cell counts, below detection (BD) viral loads (VL), remain therapy naive and are

  6. Post-wildfire recovery of water yield in the Sydney Basin water supply catchments: An assessment of the 2001/2002 wildfires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heath, J. T.; Chafer, C. J.; van Ogtrop, F. F.; Bishop, T. F. A.

    2014-11-01

    Wildfire is a recurring event which has been acknowledged by the literature to impact the hydrological cycle of a catchment. Hence, wildfire may have a significant impact on water yield levels within a catchment. In Australia, studies of the effect of fire on water yield have been limited to obligate seeder vegetation communities. These communities regenerate from seed banks in the ground or within woody fruits and are generally activated by fire. In contrast, the Sydney Basin is dominated by obligate resprouter communities. These communities regenerate from fire resistant buds found on the plant and are generally found in regions where wildfire is a regular occurrence. The 2001/2002 wildfires in the Sydney Basin provided an opportunity to investigate the impacts of wildfire on water yield in a number of catchments dominated by obligate resprouting communities. The overall aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a difference in water yield post-wildfire. Four burnt subcatchments and 3 control subcatchments were assessed. A general additive model was calibrated using pre-wildfire data and then used to predict post-wildfire water yield using post-wildfire data. The model errors were analysed and it was found that the errors for all subcatchments showed similar trends for the post-wildfire period. This finding demonstrates that wildfires within the Sydney Basin have no significant medium-term impact on water yield.

  7. Longitudinal study of winter mortality disease in Sydney rock oysters Saccostrea glomerata.

    PubMed

    Spiers, Zoe B; Gabor, Melinda; Fell, Shayne A; Carnegie, Ryan B; Dove, Michael; O'Connor, Wayne; Frances, Jane; Go, Jeffrey; Marsh, Ian B; Jenkins, Cheryl

    2014-07-24

    Winter mortality (WM) is a poorly studied disease affecting Sydney rock oysters Saccostrea glomerata in estuaries in New South Wales, Australia, where it can cause significant losses. WM is more severe in oysters cultured deeper in the water column and appears linked to higher salinities. Current dogma is that WM is caused by the microcell parasite Bonamia roughleyi, but evidence linking clinical signs and histopathology to molecular data identifying bonamiasis is lacking. We conducted a longitudinal study between February and November 2010 in 2 estuaries where WM has occurred (Georges and Shoalhaven Rivers). Results from molecular testing of experimental oysters for Bonamia spp. were compared to clinical disease signs and histopathology. Available environmental data from the study sites were also collated and compared. Oyster condition declined over the study period, coinciding with decreasing water temperatures, and was inversely correlated with the presence of histological lesions. While mortalities occurred in both estuaries, only oysters from the Georges River study site showed gross clinical signs and histological changes characteristic of WM (lesions were prevalent and intralesional microcell-like structures were sometimes noted). PCR testing for Bonamia spp. revealed the presence of an organism belonging to the B. exitiosa-B. roughleyi clade in some samples; however, the very low prevalence of this organism relative to histological changes and the lack of reactivity of affected oysters in subsequent in situ hybridisation experiments led us to conclude that this Bonamia sp. is not responsible for WM. Another aetiological agent and a confluence of environmental factors are a more likely explanation for the disease. PMID:25060507

  8. Sexual health and use of condoms among local and international sex workers in Sydney.

    PubMed

    O'Connor, C C; Berry, G; Rohrsheim, R; Donovan, B

    1996-02-01

    This study analyzes data on all female sex workers who attended the Sydney Sexual Health Center for a first visit for a sexually transmitted disease (STD) screening during June 1, 1991, and May 31, 1993. International sex workers were identified as women who do not speak English at home and were born outside Australia. Diseases were confirmed clinically, by specimen or culture or by antibody or serological tests. Results apply to 91 local and 123 international prostitutes. 47% of international prostitutes and 34% of local prostitutes were aged 21-25 years. Most international sex workers spoke Thai or a Chinese dialect. 10% of local prostitutes were born in Asia. 90% of international prostitutes were born in Thailand, Malaysia, or China. Local prostitutes were better educated. 7% of the local prostitutes and none of the international sex workers had a history of injectable drug use. Local prostitutes tended to use condoms for birth control, and international prostitutes tended to use oral contraceptives. One international prostitute tested HIV positive. 1 in 7 international prostitutes had gonorrhea and the same proportion had chlamydia. Viral STDs (chronic hepatitis B, HIV infection, and genital warts) were more prevalent, but uncommon among international prostitutes. More international prostitutes had multiple STDs. 79 international sex workers and only 9 local sex workers had an STD. 47% of international sex workers and only 10% of local sex workers had worked overseas as a prostitute in the preceding 12 months. Over half of local sex workers and only 8% of international sex workers consistently used condoms. Failure to use condoms was associated with being an international sex worker. Inconsistent use of condoms among local prostitutes was related to increased age. PMID:8655167

  9. Sexual partner's age as a risk factor for HIV seroconversion in a cohort of HIV-negative homosexual men in Sydney.

    PubMed

    Jin, Fengyi; Grulich, Andrew E; Mao, Limin; Zablotska, Iryna; O'Dwyer, Matthew; Poynten, Mary; Prestage, Garrett P

    2013-09-01

    Increasing partner age may be an important risk factor for HIV infection in homosexual men. About 20 % of 1,427 participants in the Health in Men study in Sydney, Australia, reported that half or more of their partners were much older. Having more partners who were much older was associated with an increased risk of HIV seroconversion (p trend = 0.002), and this remained significant after adjustment for participants' age, number of regular and casual partners, and sexual risk behaviour (p trend = 0.027). Men who reported much older partners were at increased risk of HIV infection, independent of unprotected anal intercourse with sero-nonconcordant partners. PMID:23090676

  10. ISSN1834-3937 Sydney FeStival

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    TTer Throwing out books is not something that enthuses me. Years ago, in Harvard's law library, I dug throughWsON TANZANIA INdIgeNOus ArT CAmOuFLAge resOurCes SQUandeRing aUStRalia'S MineRal Wealth #12;#12;SAM NOV 2011 1 Audited Circulation 161,412 copies 10 30 BooKS Sarah Thornhill by Kate Grenville, The Magic of It

  11. Patterns of the Non-Indigenous Isopod Cirolana harfordi in Sydney Harbour

    PubMed Central

    Bugnot, Ana B.; Coleman, Ross A.; Figueira, Will F.; Marzinelli, Ezequiel M.

    2014-01-01

    Biological introductions can alter the ecology of local assemblages and are an important driver of global environmental change. The first step towards understanding the impact of a non-indigenous species is to study its distribution and associations in the invaded area. In Sydney Harbour, the non-indigenous isopod Cirolana harfordi has been reported in densities up to 0.5 individuals per cm2 in mussel-beds. Abundances of this species have, however, been largely overlooked in other key habitats. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the abundances and distribution of C. harfordi across different habitats representative of Sydney Harbour. Results showed that C. harfordi occurred in oyster and mussel-beds, being particularly abundant in oyster-beds. We also aimed to determine the role of C. harfordi as a predator, scavenger and detritus feeder by investigating the relationships between densities of C. harfordi and (i) the structure of the resident assemblages, and (ii) deposited organic matter in oyster-beds. Densities of C. harfordi were not related to the structure of the assemblages, nor amounts of deposited organic matter. These findings suggested little or no ecological impacts of C. harfordi in oyster-beds. These relationships may, however, affect other variables such as growth of individuals, or be disguised by high variability of assemblages among different locations. Future studies should, therefore, test the impacts of C. harfordi on the size of organisms in the assemblage and use manipulative experiments to control for spatial variation. This study is the first published work on the ecology of the invasion of C. harfordi and provides the starting-point for the study of the impacts of this species in Sydney Harbour. PMID:24466227

  12. Proc. International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), vol. I, pp 460 463, Sydney (Australia), May 2001 A Design Strategy for a 1-V Rail-to-Rail Input / Output CMOS Opamp

    E-print Network

    Fayomi, Christian

    (Australia), May 2001 A Design Strategy for a 1-V Rail-to-Rail Input / Output CMOS Opamp Christian Jesus B, roberts}@macs.ece.mcgill.ca | sawan@vlsi.polymtl.ca ABSTRACT A design strategy for a rail-to-rail input consequence of the lowered power supply is the need for rail-to-rail input stages in order to compensate

  13. Proc. International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), vol. I, pp 639 642, Sydney (Australia), May 2001 A 1-V, 10-bit Rail-to-Rail Successive Approximation Analog-to-Digital Converter

    E-print Network

    Fayomi, Christian

    (Australia), May 2001 A 1-V, 10-bit Rail-to-Rail Successive Approximation Analog-to-Digital Converter based on a novel implementation of the bootstrapped low-voltage analog CMOS switch with a novel rail-to-rail track- and-latch comparator circuit is described. A pMOS-only ladder containing a rail-to-rail current

  14. Estimates of costs by DRG in Sydney teaching hospitals: an application of the Yale cost model.

    PubMed

    Palmer, G; Aisbett, C; Fetter, R; Winchester, L; Reid, B; Rigby, E

    1991-01-01

    The results are reported of a first round of costing by DRG in seven major teaching hospital sites in Sydney using the Yale cost model. These results, when compared between the hospitals and with values of relative costs by DRG from the United States, indicate that the cost modelling procedure has produced credible and potentially useful estimates of casemix costs. The rationale and underlying theory of cost modelling is explained, and the need for further work to improve the method of allocating costs to DRGs, and to improve the cost centre definitions currently used by the hospitals, is emphasised. PMID:10117339

  15. The History of Oyster Farming in Australia JOHN A. NELL

    E-print Network

    The History of Oyster Farming in Australia JOHN A. NELL Introduction and Sydney rock oysters were collected for consumption byAborigines along the Oyster production in Australia, in- coastal regions of easternAustralia; some volves five species, namely the Sydney of the shell deposits inAboriginal kitchen

  16. Implementing a Program in Sustainability for Engineers at University of Technology, Sydney: A Story of Intersecting Agendas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryce, Paul; Johnston, Stephen; Yasukawa, Keiko

    2004-01-01

    Integrating sustainability into an undergraduate engineering program at the University of Technology, Sydney has been a challenging project. The authors of this paper have been participant observers of the integration process. In this paper, they have attempted an analysis of that process, focussing on the dynamics of the network of people and…

  17. University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A1 APPENDIX B: RELEVANT LEGISLATION FOR THE

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A1 APPENDIX B: RELEVANT be gained from the NSW National Parks & Wildlife Services' Draft Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Standards) is an international non-governmental organisation of professionals dedicated to the conservation of the world

  18. UNIVeRSITy Of SyDNey W I N T e R 2 0 1 2

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    ­ notably in health, climate change and food security ­ that face the world. Professor John hearn De Machnik ParTnershiPs Cover: a senior University of sydney delegation visited western China in May 2012 to develop research and teaching links with Chinese partners in food security, environmental sustainability

  19. Breeding for QX disease resistance negatively selects one form of the defensive enzyme, phenoloxidase, in Sydney rock oysters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Britt Bezemer; Daniel Butt; John Nell; Robert Adlard; David Raftos

    2006-01-01

    QX disease in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) is caused by the paramyxean protozoan, Marteilia sydneyi. Disease outbreaks occur during summer (January to May) and can result in up to 95% mortality. The New South Wales Department of Primary Industries has been selectively breeding S. glomerata for resistance to QX disease since 1996. Previous work suggests that this breeding program

  20. Implementing a program in sustainability for engineers at University of Technology, Sydney : A story of intersecting agendas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Bryce; Stephen Johnston; Keiko Yasukawa

    2004-01-01

    Integrating sustainability into an undergraduate engineering program at the University of Technology, Sydney has been a challenging project. The authors of this paper have been participant observers of the integration process. In this paper, they have attempted an analysis of that process, focussing on the dynamics of the network of people and interests, which have shaped the process. Actor network

  1. Developing Social Inclusion through After-School Homework Tutoring: A Study of African Refugee Students in Greater Western Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naidoo, Loshini

    2009-01-01

    Schools represent the primary setting where refugee children learn about Australian life and culture. They serve as a broad context for acculturation not only for academic development and language acquisition but for cultural learning too. This paper focuses on the after-school homework tutoring programme that uses University of Western Sydney

  2. Proceedings of the Fourth International Natural Language Generation Conference, pages 8991, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    Ritchie, Graeme

    Science University of Aberdeen Aberdeen AB24 3UE, U.K. {ikhan,gritchie,kvdeemte}@csd.abdn.ac.uk Abstract by a University of Aberdeen Sixth Century Studentship, and the TUNA project (EPSRC, UK) under grant number GRProceedings of the Fourth International Natural Language Generation Conference, pages 89­91, Sydney

  3. The use of a multifactor Southern Oscillation Index for the estimation of annual hailstorm frequencies in the Sydney area

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivan Kuhnel

    1998-01-01

    Relationships between the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) and hailfall activity in the Sydney area were investigated with the help of a newly compiled Natural Hazards Research Centre (NHRC) hailfall database. The original hail data, which contain a record of all hailstone sizes for the period 1791-1994, were stratified into the form of (monthly, seasonal) annual hailday sums for the period

  4. Shakespeare in Settler-built Spaces: Oscar Asche's ‘Recitals’ of Julius Caesar in the Melbourne and Sydney Town Halls

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Veronica Kelly

    2009-01-01

    During their first Australasian tour in 1909–1910, Oscar Asche and Lily Brayton produced costumed ‘recitals’ of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar in the town halls of Sydney and Melbourne. While the landscape has been privileged as the major site of the Australian settler imaginary and its labours of familiarisation, settler investments in their built urban spaces have been less studied. The social

  5. The Impact of a Pathway College on Reputation and Brand Awareness for Its Affiliated University in Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brewer, Ann; Zhao, Jingsong

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect that a prospective pathway college affiliated to a large comprehensive university in Sydney may have on the university's reputation. In particular, the association of reputation with preference for a pathway college, brand awareness and the opinion of college brand are examined.…

  6. Cold Protection of Landscape Plants1 Sydney Park Brown, Dewayne L. Ingram, and Thomas H. Yeager2

    E-print Network

    Watson, Craig A.

    ENH1 Cold Protection of Landscape Plants1 Sydney Park Brown, Dewayne L. Ingram, and Thomas H/IFAS Extension. Winter temperatures in Florida are frequently low enough to cause cold injury to tropical plants may be more susceptible to cold injury. Types of Freezes - Radiational and Advective Freezes can

  7. Unsupervised screening for chlamydia and gonorrhoea in backpacker hostels in Manly, Sydney.

    PubMed

    Davies, Stephen C; Shepherd, Brooke; Wiig, Rebecca; Kaan, Iain

    2013-05-01

    Young international backpackers frequently have new sexual partners. We conducted a pilot project of unsupervised screening for chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) and gonorrhoea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) by self-collected specimens at two backpacker hostels in Manly, Sydney. The median age was 24 years for men and 23 years for women. A new sexual partner during travel was reported by 94%, of whom only 20% always using condoms. The prevalence of chlamydia was 11.9% (14.3% of 35 men and 10.2% of 49 women). No cases of gonorrhoea were detected. Half of the dispensed testing kits went missing or were tampered with, and there was spoilage of the receptacle bins, which persisted despite a redesign to a more secure and locked box. While populations such as young backpackers may be a priority group for sexually transmissible infection screening, we advise caution for projects contemplating an unsupervised model. PMID:23158843

  8. Low level exposures to lead and neurobehavioral development: the Sydney lead study

    SciTech Connect

    Cooney, G.H.; Bell, A.; McBride, W.; Carter, C.

    1988-01-01

    The Sydney lead study is a prospective five year study investigating the relationship between low level lead exposures and neurobehavioral development during the first five years of life. From an initial cohort of 318 children, 207 remained at the end of the fourth year. Average blood lead levels at 42 and 48 months were 10.6 ug/dL and 10.1 ug/dL respectively, with only a minority of the observations exceeding 15 ug/dL. The series of regression analyses reported in this paper support earlier findings from the study, that exposures to lead which give rise to the range of blood lead levels found in this cohort of children are not associated with cognitive or motor deficits in the preschool years.

  9. Home telecare study for patients with chronic lung disease in the Sydney West Area Health Service.

    PubMed

    Shany, Tal; Hession, Michael; Pryce, David; Galang, Rowena; Roberts, Mary; Lovell, Nigel; Basilakis, Jim

    2010-01-01

    Information and communication technologies may be used to provide health care services to people living at home. The term "home telecare" has been coined for this service. The elderly and patients with chronic pulmonary conditions, heart disease and diabetes have been thought to be obvious beneficiaries. The evidence base supporting home telecare is growing; however, there is a need for studies of long-term deployment and integration with existing health system processes. We discuss the experiences gained from one such pilot conducted in the Sydney West Area Health Service, which examines the integration of home telecare within the framework of an existing respiratory ambulatory care service. Interim results demonstrate high levels of reliability and positive patient attitude towards use of home monitoring. Clinical staff acceptance levels appeared lower. Effects on health burden, such as hospital admissions and nurse workload, were not significantly altered. The study results have been essential in developing local telecare knowledge within the health care community. PMID:21191167

  10. How to write a National ICT Australia and UNSW, Sydney

    E-print Network

    Walsh, Toby

    · Magazines, novels, biographies, ... · Writing is a skill, learn from others · I read approx one novel/week as a way of trying to learn how to write · And I have the luxury of writing in my own language! #12;Review

  11. Graham A. Colditz, MD, DrPH BORN: Sydney, Australia

    E-print Network

    Dobbins, Ian G.

    of Alabama at Birmingham Cancer and Nutrition Research Unit, Special Review Committee, National Cancer: (office) Siteman Cancer Center 660 So. Euclid, Box 8100 St. Louis, MO 63110 Telephone: (314) 454, Alvin J.Siteman Cancer Center Deputy Director, Institute for Public Health Washington University School

  12. Physical injecting sites among injecting drug users in Sydney, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shane Darke; Joanne Ross; Sharlene Kaye

    2001-01-01

    A sample of 200 injecting drug users were interviewed about their bodily injection sites. The mean number of injection sites ever used by subjects was 3.1, with a mean of 2.0 sites used in the previous 6 months. Sixteen percent of subjects had injected in five or more sites. Almost all (99%) had injected in the cubital fossa (crook of

  13. Transparency and place : a visitors' center in Sydney Australia

    E-print Network

    Kourvaras, Vassilios

    1996-01-01

    An exploratory design project is used as a vehicle to understand and identify approaches towards the notion of "place" and more precisely "visiting a place". The inquiry begins from the design challenge of an architectural ...

  14. Chemometric study of functional groups in Pennsylvanian gymnosperm plant organs (Sydney Coalfield, Canada): Implications for chemotaxonomy and assessment of kerogen formation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José A. D’Angelo; Erwin L. Zodrow; Alejandra Camargo

    The samples comprise the foliage of four pteridosperm-medullosalean plant-fossil species of differing preservation states and one of a cordaitean species from two Canadian Maritime sub-basins of Carboniferous age (300 Ma; Sydney and Stellarton coalfields, Nova Scotia, respectively. Included in the sample set were some coal samples from Sydney Coalfield, along with published data for coal macerals for comparison. By applying

  15. SITE RESPONSE IN THE BOTANY AREA, SYDNEY, USING MICROTREMOR ARRAY METHODS AND EQUIVALENT LINEAR SITE RESPONSE MODELLING

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael W. Asten; Trevor Dhu

    2004-01-01

    Shear-wave velocity profiles (SWVPs) for soil and sand cover have been acquired for five sites in the Botany Bay area, Sydney, using microtremor array observations together with spatial autocorrelation (SPAC) processing methods. Single-site horizontal\\/vertical particle motion spectral ratios (HVSR) at the sites show a range of natural-resonance peak frequencies from 7 to 1.3 Hz and SWVPs developed by inversion of

  16. Next generation sequence analysis of the transcriptome of Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) exposed to a range of environmental stressors.

    PubMed

    Hook, Sharon E; Johnston, Emma L; Nair, Sham; Roach, Anthony C; Moncuquet, Philippe; Twine, Natalie A; Raftos, David A

    2014-12-01

    Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) were exposed to environmental stressors at contaminated field sites or in a controlled laboratory setting. RNA seq transcriptome data were generated for the gill and digestive gland using Roche's 454 pyrosequencing technology. 28,685 contigs were de novo assembled which encoded 11,671 different protein products. The data will act as a reference for future studies in ecology, immunology and environmental toxicology. PMID:25151890

  17. Topical ‘Sydney’ Propolis Protects against UV-Radiation-Induced Inflammation, Lipid Peroxidation and Immune Suppression in Mouse Skin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nerida Cole; Paul W. Sou; Alanna Ngo; Karen H. Tsang; Joseph A. J. Severino; Sondur J. Arun; Colin C. Duke; Vivienne E. Reeve

    2010-01-01

    Background: Propolis is a honeybee product that has been used in traditional medicine for antioxidant, immune-stimulating, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects. Here, the potential of the topical application of a crude ethanolic extract of Sydney propolis to protect against UV-radiation-induced impairments associated with an increased risk of photocarcinogenesis has been tested in the hairless mouse. Methods: Solutions providing between 10 and

  18. A Tale of Two Cities: A Neuroimaging Investigation of Melbourne–Sydney Rivalry Comparing Cortical Thickness in Healthy Adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dennis Velakoulis; Alex Fornito; Mark Walterfang; Gin Malhi; Murat Yucel; Christos Pantelis

    2007-01-01

    Objective: We sought to identify neurobiological correlates of Melbourne–Sydney rivalry through neuroimaging measures of a key brain region involved in cognitive and emotional regulation.Method: Twenty subjects from each city were recruited from two large neuroimaging databases, and were scanned on a GE Signa 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging scanner. Cortical thickness of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) was measured using a

  19. Increases in Unprotected Anal Intercourse with Serodiscordant Casual Partners Among HIV-Negative Gay Men in Sydney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iryna B. Zablotska; June Crawford; John Imrie; Garrett Prestage; Fengyi Jin; Andrew Grulich; Susan Kippax

    2009-01-01

    Prevalence of unprotected anal intercourse between casual male partners (UAIC) has been increasing worldwide. We explored\\u000a trends in serodiscordant UAIC and the associated factors among gay men in Sydney. Proportions of HIV-positive and negative\\u000a men with serodiscordant casual partners increased during 2003–2006. Prevalence of serodiscordant UAIC increased among HIV-negative\\u000a men. Age, number of partners, seeking partners online, drug use and

  20. Per-contact probability of HIV transmission in homosexual men in Sydney in the era of HAART

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Fengyi; Jansson, James; Law, Matthew; Prestage, Garrett P; Zablotska, Iryna; Imrie, John C G; Kippax, Susan C; Kaldor, John M; Grulich, Andrew E; Wilson, David P

    2010-01-01

    Objective To estimate per-contact probability of HIV transmission in homosexual men due to unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Design Data were collected from a longitudinal cohort study of community-based HIV-negative homosexual men in Sydney, Australia. Methods A total 1427 participants were recruited from June 2001 to December 2004. They were followed up with 6-monthly detailed behavioral interviews and annual testing for HIV till June 2007. Data were used in a bootstrapping method, coupled with a statistical analysis that optimized a likelihood function for estimating the per-exposure risks of HIV transmission due to various forms of UAI. Results During the study, 53 HIV seroconversion cases were identified. The estimated per-contact probability of HIV transmission for receptive UAI was 1.43% (95% CI 0.48%-2.85%) if ejaculation occurred inside the rectum occurred, and it was 0.65% (95% CI 0.15%-1.53%) if withdrawal prior to ejaculation was involved. The estimated transmission rate for insertive UAI in participants who were circumcised was 0.11% (95% CI 0.02%-0.24%), and it was 0.62% (95% CI 0.07%-1.68%) in uncircumcised men. Thus, receptive UAI with ejaculation was found to be approximately twice as risky as receptive UAI with withdrawal or insertive UAI for uncircumcised men and over 10-times as risky as insertive UAI for circumcised men. Conclusion Despite the fact that a high proportion of HIV-infected men are on antiretroviral treatment and have undetectable viral load, the per-contact probability of HIV transmission due to UAI is similar to estimates reported from developed country settings in the pre-HAART era. PMID:20139750

  1. A reinvestigation of the lipopolysaccharide structure of Helicobacter pylori strain Sydney (SS1).

    PubMed

    Altman, Eleonora; Chandan, Vandana; Li, Jianjun; Vinogradov, Evgeny

    2011-09-01

    In this study, we describe a reinvestigation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) structure of Helicobacter pylori strain Sydney (SS1) based on the NMR analysis of oligosaccharides obtained through the use of various degradations of the LPS as well as capillary electrophoresis-MS data. The results of the analysis indicated that the core region of a major H. pylori SS1 LPS glycoform consists of a backbone core oligosaccharide substituted at the D-glycero-D-manno-heptose (DD-Hep) residue by a linear chain composed of a trisaccharide fragment ?-ddHep-3-?-L-Fuc-3-?-GlcNAc, as previously demonstrated for H. pylori strain 26695, further elongated by consecutively added ?-Glc and ?-Gal residues, and terminating in a novel linear chain consisting of 1,2-linked ?-ribofuranosyl residues, where the last ?-ribofuranosyl residue provides a point of attachment for the O-chain polysaccharide: [Formula: see text] where [2-?-Ribf-](n) is a short (three to five residues) oligomer of 1,2-linked ?-ribofuranose (riban), and PS is a polysaccharide chain consisting of N-acetyllactosamine, substituted with ?-Fuc to form Lewis (Le)-type structures. In addition to the previously identified LacNAc, Le(y) and Le(x) components, the O-chain polysaccharide of H. pylori SS1 LPS was found to contain a novel LacNAc unit carrying a phosphoethanolamine substituent at the O-6 position of ?-GlcNAc residues. PMID:21790998

  2. Histological alterations in fish from Sydney reefs: possible biomarkers for environmental effects?

    PubMed

    Tricklebank, K A

    2001-01-01

    This study examines the utility of histopathology in the damselfish, Parma microlepis, as a biomarker for the effects of organochlorine pesticides and hexachlorobenzene (HCB). Linkages between organochlorine residue concentrations and contaminant-associated histological effects in fish were examined using field collections and a manipulative field experiment. The distribution of 11 frequently identified organochlorines were measured in wild fish at different spatial scales, spanning 270 km of coastline centred around the Sydney region. Histopathology was used to investigate possible effects on liver, gills and gonad tissues in these fish. Pearson correlations and correlative multivariate statistical techniques were used to explore possible associations between concentrations of organochlorines in fish collected from the field and histological alterations in tissues. Only 6% of correlations between organochlorine residues and histological alterations in fish from field collections, were significant. A weak correlation was found between the occurrence of lamellar fusion in gills and the concentration of aldrin and dieldrin in a manipulative field experiment. A hypothetical model is suggested to explain these results. PMID:23886054

  3. Effects of water temperature and salinity on elimination of Salmonella charity and Escherichia coli from Sydney rock oysters (Crassostrea commercialis).

    PubMed Central

    Rowse, A J; Fleet, G H

    1984-01-01

    The elimination of Salmonella charity and Escherichia coli from the Sydney rock oyster, Crassostrea commercialis, was examined during commercial purification of oysters under different water temperatures and salinities. Both organisms were rapidly eliminated at 18 to 22 degrees C. Purification was effective but slower at 24 to 27 degrees C and incomplete and inconsistent at temperatures below 17 degrees C. The oysters suffered stress and were not effectively purified at water salinities of 15 to 20% but were rapidly purified at 32 to 47% salinity. Winter-harvested and summer-harvested oysters were purified similarly in water at 18 to 22 degrees C and 32 to 36% salinity. PMID:6391382

  4. Factors influencing participant enrolment in a diabetes prevention program in general practice: lessons from the Sydney diabetes prevention program

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in reducing diabetes incidence has been well established. Little is known, however, about factors influencing the reach of diabetes prevention programs. This study examines the predictors of enrolment in the Sydney Diabetes Prevention Program (SDPP), a community-based diabetes prevention program conducted in general practice, New South Wales, Australia from 2008–2011. Methods SDPP was an effectiveness trial. Participating general practitioners (GPs) from three Divisions of General Practice invited individuals aged 50–65 years without known diabetes to complete the Australian Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment tool. Individuals at high risk of diabetes were invited to participate in a lifestyle modification program. A multivariate model using generalized estimating equations to control for clustering of enrolment outcomes by GPs was used to examine independent predictors of enrolment in the program. Predictors included age, gender, indigenous status, region of birth, socio-economic status, family history of diabetes, history of high glucose, use of anti-hypertensive medication, smoking status, fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity level and waist measurement. Results Of the 1821 eligible people identified as high risk, one third chose not to enrol in the lifestyle program. In multivariant analysis, physically inactive individuals (OR: 1.48, P?=?0.004) and those with a family history of diabetes (OR: 1.67, P?=?0.000) and history of high blood glucose levels (OR: 1.48, P?=?0.001) were significantly more likely to enrol in the program. However, high risk individuals who smoked (OR: 0.52, P?=?0.000), were born in a country with high diabetes risk (OR: 0.52, P?=?0.000), were taking blood pressure lowering medications (OR: 0.80, P?=?0.040) and consumed little fruit and vegetables (OR: 0.76, P?=?0.047) were significantly less likely to take up the program. Conclusions Targeted strategies are likely to be needed to engage groups such as smokers and high risk ethnic groups. Further research is required to better understand factors influencing enrolment in diabetes prevention programs in the primary health care setting, both at the GP and individual level. PMID:23006577

  5. Differential proteomic responses of selectively bred and wild-type Sydney rock oyster populations exposed to elevated CO2.

    PubMed

    Thompson, E L; O'Connor, W; Parker, L; Ross, P; Raftos, D A

    2015-03-01

    Previous work suggests that larvae from Sydney rock oysters that have been selectively bred for fast growth and disease resistance are more resilient to the impacts of ocean acidification than nonselected, wild-type oysters. In this study, we used proteomics to investigate the molecular differences between oyster populations in adult Sydney rock oysters and to identify whether these form the basis for observations seen in larvae. Adult oysters from a selective breeding line (B2) and nonselected wild types (WT) were exposed for 4 weeks to elevated pCO2 (856 ?atm) before their proteomes were compared to those of oysters held under ambient conditions (375 ?atm pCO2 ). Exposure to elevated pCO2 resulted in substantial changes in the proteomes of oysters from both the selectively bred and wild-type populations. When biological functions were assigned, these differential proteins fell into five broad, potentially interrelated categories of subcellular functions, in both oyster populations. These functional categories were energy production, cellular stress responses, the cytoskeleton, protein synthesis and cell signalling. In the wild-type population, proteins were predominantly upregulated. However, unexpectedly, these cellular systems were downregulated in the selectively bred oyster population, indicating cellular dysfunction. We argue that this reflects a trade-off, whereby an adaptive capacity for enhanced mitochondrial energy production in the selectively bred population may help to protect larvae from the effects of elevated CO2 , whilst being deleterious to adult oysters. PMID:25689603

  6. Sampling of Total Mercury in Sand on Sydney Beaches and Assessment of Risk of Exposure to Children

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Howard, D.; Tang, C.; Edwards, G. C.; Gan, T.; Tran, S.; Geremia, S.; Campbell, J.

    2014-12-01

    Industrial waste, sewage outfall and storm water run-off are potential anthropogenic sources of mercury to Sydney beaches. Children playing on these beaches are possibly at risk of exposure to mercury in beach sand through the ingestion pathway. As part of an investigation into this risk samples were collected from various locations along 7 of Sydney's beaches where children typically would be exposed. Samples were dried and the sand fraction (i.e. >63 µm and <2 mm) analysed for total mercury using a Direct Mercury Analyser (DMA-80) methodology. Risk of Exposure to mercury was assessed based on published estimates of daily ingestion of soil by children and Health Canada's guideline of 105 ng Hg kg-1 BW d-1 exposure threshold. For the beaches sampled concentrations of total mercury in beach sand ranged from 0.6 to 58 ppb. The maximum concentrations of total mercury in beach sand were observed on Beach 6, in the vicinity of five storm water runoff sources. Daily mercury intake values were determined for two commonly used published values for daily ingestion of soil by children of 0.2 g soil d-1 and 1.75 g soil d-1. Results to date show the maximum daily intake calculated using an average child weight of 13 kg to be 7.8 ng Hg kg-1 BW d-1, well below the currently accepted daily intake threshold of 105 ng Hg kg-1 BW d-1.

  7. Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide1 Sydney Park Brown, J.M. Stephens, Danielle Treadwell, Susan Webb, Amanda Gevens, R.A.

    E-print Network

    Watson, Craig A.

    SP 103 Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide1 Sydney Park Brown, J.M. Stephens, Danielle Treadwell Vegetable gardening offers fresh air, sunshine, exercise, enjoyment, mental therapy, nutritious fresh primarily for home gardens, the information may be useful in other situations, such as container, community

  8. In International ICSC Congress on Intelligent Systems and Applications (ISA'2000), Special Session on Knowledge Based Systems in Medicine, December 11-15 2000, Sydney.

    E-print Network

    Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

    or enrichment of rule-based expert systems. Our pipeline incorporates well-established supervised in the construction of rule-based expert systems. Our featured methodology is a combinative application of various on Knowledge Based Systems in Medicine, December 11-15 2000, Sydney. SPECIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE EXPERT SYSTEMS

  9. Metals and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the drinking water of the Sydney Basin, Nova Scotia, Canada: a preliminary assessment of their source

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F Goodarzi

    2000-01-01

    Twenty-five drinking water samples collected from the household property and from the Sydney Regional Municipality well bores and lakes were analyzed to evaluate the various inorganic parameters, level of concentrations of the priority elements and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The pH of the majority of the water samples was below the guidelines adopted by Health and Welfare Canada (1996), although the

  10. If you have any comments or questions concerning this Bulletin, please email the Scholarships Office: scholarships.officer@sydney.edu.au

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    ://sydney.edu.au/scholarships/research/current_research_scholarships.shtml , and search the Research Scholarships Database by keyword. RESEARCH: Cancer, Medical Science, Physics leading to a PhD in Pharmacy. Applicants can be from an interdisciplinary field, such as biochemistry Funding is available for a qualified candidate in pharmacy to develop and trial an innovative electronic

  11. Quantal Neurotransmitter Secretion Rate Exhibits Fractal Behavior Steven B. Lowen,1 Sydney S. Cash,2 Mu-ming Poo,3 and Malvin C. Teich4

    E-print Network

    Teich, Malvin C.

    Quantal Neurotransmitter Secretion Rate Exhibits Fractal Behavior Steven B. Lowen,1 Sydney S. Cash this for neurotransmitter secretion at Xenopus neuromuscular junctions and for rat hip- pocampal synapses in culture; the exocytosis of exogenously supplied neurotransmitter from cultured Xenopus myocytes and from rat fibroblasts

  12. Age Variation in the Prevalence of "DSM-IV" Disorders in Cases of Suicide of Middle-Aged and Older Persons in Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snowdon, John; Draper, Brian; Wyder, Marianne

    2011-01-01

    Data concerning 127 persons aged 35 years or above who died by suicide (as determined in consecutive cases by a Sydney coroner) were analyzed. Psychological autopsy (PA) interviews were conducted in 52 cases, and details were compared with the 75 cases where data were available only from coroner's files (CF). Most characteristics of the two groups…

  13. The impact of heat on mortality and morbidity in the Greater Metropolitan Sydney Region: a case crossover analysis

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background This study examined the association between unusually high temperature and daily mortality (1997–2007) and hospital admissions (1997–2010) in the Sydney Greater Metropolitan Region (GMR) to assist in the development of targeted health programs designed to minimise the public health impact of extreme heat. Methods Sydney GMR was categorized into five climate zones. Heat-events were defined as severe or extreme. Using a time-stratified case-crossover design with a conditional logistic regression model we adjusted for influenza epidemics, public holidays, and climate zone. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated for associations between daily mortality and hospital admissions with heat-event days compared to non-heat event days for single and three day heat-events. Results All-cause mortality overall had similar magnitude associations with single day and three day extreme and severe events as did all cardiovascular mortality. Respiratory mortality was associated with single day and three day severe events (95thpercentile, lag0: OR?=?1.14; 95%CI: 1.04 to 1.24). Diabetes mortality had similar magnitude associations with single day and three day severe events (95thpercentile, lag0: OR?=?1.22; 95%CI: 1.03 to 1.46) but was not associated with extreme events. Hospital admissions for heat related injuries, dehydration, and other fluid disorders were associated with single day and three day extreme and severe events. Contrary to our findings for mortality, we found inconsistent and sometimes inverse associations for extreme and severe events with cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease hospital admissions. Controlling for air pollutants did not influence the mortality associations but reduced the magnitude of the associations with hospital admissions particularly for ozone and respiratory disease. Conclusions Single and three day events of unusually high temperatures in Sydney are associated with similar magnitude increases in mortality and hospital admissions. The trend towards an inverse association between cardio-vascular admissions and heat-events and the strong positive association between cardio-vascular mortality and heat-events suggests these events may lead to a rapid deterioration in persons with existing cardio-vascular disease resulting in death. To reduce the adverse effects of high temperatures over multiple days, and less extreme but more frequent temperatures over single days, targeted public health messages are critical. PMID:24238064

  14. Strategies for the municipal waste management system to take advantage of carbon trading under competing policies: The role of energy from waste in Sydney.

    PubMed

    El Hanandeh, Ali; El-Zein, Abbas

    2009-07-01

    Climate change is a driving force behind some recent environmental legislation around the world. Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets have been set in many industrialised countries. A change in current practices of almost all greenhouse-emitting industrial sectors is unavoidable, if the set targets is to be achieved. Although, waste disposal contributes around 3% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in Australia (mainly due to fugitive methane emissions from landfills), the carbon credit and trading scheme set to start in 2010 presents significant challenges and opportunities to municipal solid waste practitioners. Technological advances in waste management, if adopted properly, allow the municipal solid waste sector to act as carbon sink, hence earning tradable carbon credits. However, due to the complexity of the system and its inherent uncertainties, optimizing it for carbon credits may worsen its performance under other criteria. We use an integrated, stochastic multi-criteria decision-making tool that we developed earlier to analyse the carbon credit potential of Sydney municipal solid waste under eleven possible future strategies. We find that the changing legislative environment is likely to make current practices highly non-optimal and increase pressures for a change of waste management strategy. PMID:19345082

  15. Engagement with Australia Active Partnership Agreements

    E-print Network

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    Engagement with Australia Active Partnership Agreements: Expired Partnership Agreements: University of Southern Queensland University of Queensland University of Western Australia University of Western Sydney&M University 58 Texas A&M University students studying in Australia Internship ­ 1 Research ­ 1 Short Term

  16. Extraction of heavy metals in Sydney Harbour sediments using 1M HCl and 0.05M EDTA and implications for sediment?quality guidelines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. McCready; G. F. Birch; S. E. Taylor

    2003-01-01

    Sixty sediment samples with a wide range of heavy?metal concentrations and sediment textures were collected from Sydney Harbour. The samples were extracted with 1M HCl, 0.05M EDTA and HClO4\\/HNO3 and analysed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry for Zn, Pb, Cu and Cd. 1M HCl extracted a large proportion of heavy metals in oxic sediments (60–100%), whereas the extractability of metals

  17. *. P. Rush et S. Yeo, Criminal Law Sourcebook, Sydney, Butterworths, 2000. **. Criminal Law Researcher and Expert.

    E-print Network

    Spino, Claude

    punishment is personal desert, then legal theoryinvariably interweaveswithphilosophicalclaimsaboutwrongdoing on the common law jurisdictions (New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and the Australian Capital territory

  18. Cycling down under: a comparative analysis of bicycling trends and policies in Sydney and Melbourne

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Pucher; Jan Garrard; Stephen Greaves

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to document and explain differences in cycling between Australia’s two largest cities. Our comparative case study analysis is based on a wide range of statistical datasets, secondary reports, and interviews with a panel of 22 bicycling policy and planning experts. The main finding is that cycling levels in Melbourne are roughly twice as high

  19. A cross-sectional study of pre-travel health-seeking practices among travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Pre-travel health assessments aim to promote risk reduction through preventive measures and safe behavior, including ensuring travelers are up-to-date with their immunizations. However, studies assessing pre-travel health-seeking practices from a variety of medical and non-medical sources and vaccine uptake prior to travel to both developing and developed countries within the Asia-Pacific region are scarce. Methods Cross-sectional surveys were conducted between July and December 2007 to assess pre-travel health seeking practices, including advice from health professionals, health information from other sources and vaccine uptake, in a sample of travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports. A two-stage cluster sampling technique was used to ensure representativeness of travelers and travel destinations. Pre-travel health seeking practices were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire distributed at the check-in queues of departing flights. Logistic regression models were used to identify significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional, reported separately for Australian residents, residents of other Western countries and residents of countries in Asia. Results A total of 843 surveys were included in the final sample (Sydney 729, response rate 56%; Bangkok 114, response rate 60%). Overall, pre-travel health information from any source was sought by 415 (49%) respondents with 298 (35%) seeking pre-travel advice from a health professional, the majority through general practice. Receipt of a pre-travel vaccine was reported by 100 (12%) respondents. Significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional differed by region of residence. Asian travelers were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice and uptake of pre-travel vaccines than Australian or other Western travelers. Migrant Australians were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice than Australian-born travelers. Conclusions This study highlights differences in health-seeking practices including the uptake of pre-travel health advice by region of residence and country of birth. There is a public health need to identify strategies targeting these travel groups. This includes the promotion of affordable and accessible travel clinics in low resource countries as traveler numbers increase and travel health promotion targeting migrant groups in high resource countries. General practitioners should play a central role. Determining the most appropriate strategies for increasing pre-travel health preparation, particularly for vaccine preventable diseases in travelers is the next stage in advancing travel medicine research. PMID:22550996

  20. Gay Asian men in Sydney resist international trend: no change in rates of unprotected anal intercourse, 1999-2002.

    PubMed

    Van de Ven, Paul; Mao, Limin; Prestage, Garrett

    2004-02-01

    Against a background of increasing unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the Sydney gay community (and internationally), complementary cross-sectional surveys of sexual practice were conducted among gay men of Asian background in 1999 (N = 319) and 2002 (N = 457). Self-complete questionnaires were used with recruitment at gay bars, gay social functions, and gay sex-on-premises venues. In 2002, self-report HIV status was 73.7% HIV-negative, 3.6% HIV-positive, and 22.8% unknown status (no significant change from 1999). Over time, the proportion of gay Asian men who reported any UAI with regular partners (in the previous 6 months) did not change significantly: 27.9% in 1999; 24.3% in 2002. Similarly, rates of any UAI with casual partners remained steady: 16.3% in 1999; 14.4% in 2002. Only one factor, more extensive engagement in esoteric practices (fisting, sadomasochism, group sex, rimming), was independently associated with sexual risk practice. This suggests that risk in this population of gay men, as in others, has more to do with the sexual cultures in which men are embedded rather than individual-level differences. PMID:15058706

  1. Evidence of Carboniferous volcanic ash in Pictou Group (West-phalian D), Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada

    SciTech Connect

    Lyons, P.C.; Outerbridge, W.F. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States)); Hacquebard, P.A. (Atlantic Geoscience Centre, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia (Canada))

    1991-08-01

    Until now, Carboniferous-altered volcanic ash in North America was known only from the Middle Pennsylvanian (upper Westphalian A to lower Westphalian D) of the Appalachian basin. Now, however, mineralogical analysis of thin claystones (8-24 mm thick) in mineable bituminous coal (Hub and Harbour seams) form the P-boreholes in the Donkin submarine areas of the Sydney coalfield, Nova Scotia, indicates the presence of trace amounts of minerals probably derived from a volcanic ash fall of late Westphalian D age. Water-clear to cloudy quartz splinters and euhedral zircon with sharp crystal faces and edges, and length-to-width ratios up to 6:1 - which are typical of Appalachian altered acidic volcanic ash deposits (tonsteins) - were with a dominantly detrital (fluvial ) mineral suite. Fifty to 90% water-laid silt- to sand-size detrital grains of quartz, tourmaline( ), zircon, white mica, and other minerals are found in the HF residum after the removal of the dominant components: clay minerals, pyrite, and coal particles (spores, secretinite, etc.). The fine size of the volcanic minerals and their low concentration indicate a very distant volcanic ash source, perhaps western Europe, where volcanic activity extended into the Stephanian.

  2. SYDNEY UNIVERSITY WORLD SYDNEY UNIVERSITY WORLD

    E-print Network

    Du, Jie

    's National University 11 KEnyAn COLLABORATiOn: Responding to the growth of non-communicable disease in Kenya spread of infectious diseases 14 PURE WATER FLOWS in ViETnAM: A new water purification system

  3. A profile of Sydney club members: implications for strategic management in a newly competitive environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nerilee Hing; Helen Breen

    1999-01-01

    Registered clubs in New South Wales Australia have enjoyed a privileged competitive position for four decades, being the only providers of machine gambling in the state. However, increased competition for this core product and heightened awareness of its social impacts, as reflected in two recent government inquiries, point to a need to reassess their strategic direction, an exercise benefiting from

  4. What's in a virus? Folk understandings of hepatitis C infection and infectiousness among injecting drug users in Kings Cross, Sydney

    PubMed Central

    Southgate, Erica; Weatherall, Anne Maree; Day, Carolyn; Dolan, Kate A

    2005-01-01

    Background To explore folk understandings of blood borne virus infection and infectiousness among injecting drug users in Kings Cross, Sydney. Methods Observational fieldwork was conducted in Kings Cross over a four month period. In-depth interviews with 24 current injectors and 4 key informants recruited from King Cross were undertaken. Results Hepatitis C (HCV) generated different meanings from HIV. HIV was considered "the dreaded" and generated fear of infection and dire disease progression. Whereas HCV was considered non-desirable but less threatening than HIV. The risks of transmitting HCV through sharing injecting paraphernalia was poorly understood. Some believed HCV infection was linked to poor hygiene and dirty water. Jaundice was mistakenly thought to indicate HCV infection and was used to gauge infectiousness. Many were confused about their current hepatitis C serostatus. Some participants thought they had a "dormant antibody" or that they had a "mild case" of infection. Participants were unsure what this meant for their own health or for their potential to infect others. Conclusion Participants displayed confusion about transmission risks for hepatitis C, conflating blood awareness and hygiene health promotion messages. Participants' reliance on the symptom of jaundice to gauge serostatus places them at risk of transmitting and contracting HCV. Participants were confused about what a positive HCV diagnosis meant for their own health and their ability to infect others. Education is needed to debunk misconceptions about jaundice and clarify medical terms such as 'antibody' at the time of diagnosis. Further clarification of messages about injecting hygiene and blood awareness are also required. PMID:15788093

  5. An outbreak of Salmonella typhimurium 108/170 at a privately catered barbeque at a Sydney sports club.

    PubMed

    Jardine, Andrew; Ressler, Kelly-Anne; Botham, Susan; Irwin, Melissa J; Shadbolt, Craig; Vally, Hassan; Ferson, Mark J

    2011-11-01

    An outbreak of gastrointestinal illness was identified among attendees at a large community barbeque at a Sydney sports club on 30 January 2009. A retrospective cohort study was initiated, and attendees were identified through hospital emergency department gastroenteritis presentations, snowball recruitment through known cases, responders to linguistically specific press, and those returning to the venue the next week. A symptom and food history was collected from attendees, and stool samples were provided for microbiological investigation. An environmental investigation and trace back of implicated foods was also undertaken. Attendance estimates at the barbeque ranged from 100 to 180, and the food was prepared by a family that was not registered as a food business. Seventy one of the 87 attendees identified met the case definition. Thirty attendees (42%) had laboratory confirmed Salmonella Typhimurium phage-type 108/170, all with the same multilocus variable number of tandem repeat analysis typing. Burden of illness was high with 76% of cases seeking medical attention and 18% admitted to hospital. Microbiological evidence confirmed that a number of food items were contaminated with Salmonella Typhimurium 108/170, with the raw egg mayonnaise used in a Russian salad being the most likely primary food vehicle (adjusted odds ratio=10.3 [95% confidence interval 1.79-59.5]). Further, having Russian salad on the plate even if it was not consumed increased the relative risk of illness, thus suggesting that other food items may have been contaminated when they came into contact with it on the plate. This Salmonella outbreak highlighted the risks associated with the improper handling of food in private residences, which are then sold at a large public event. PMID:21790276

  6. Developments in undergraduate teaching of small-animal soft-tissue surgical skills at the University of Sydney.

    PubMed

    Gopinath, Deepa; McGreevy, Paul D; Zuber, Richard M; Klupiec, Corinna; Baguley, John; Barrs, Vanessa R

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses recent developments in soft-tissue surgery teaching at the University of Sydney, Faculty of Veterinary Science. An integrated teaching program was developed for Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) students with the aim of providing them with optimal learning opportunities to meet "Day One" small-animal soft-tissue surgical competencies. Didactic lectures and tutorials were introduced earlier into the curriculum to prepare students for live-animal surgery practical. In addition to existing clinics, additional spay/neuter clinics were established in collaboration with animal welfare organizations to increase student exposure to live-animal surgery. A silicon-based, life-like canine ovariohysterectomy model was developed with the assistance of a model-making and special effects company. The model features elastic ovarian pedicles and suspensory ligaments, which can be stretched and broken like those of an actual dog. To monitor the volume and type of student surgical experience, an E-portfolio resource was established. This resource allows for the tracking of numbers of live, student-performed desexing surgeries and incorporates competency-based assessments and reflective tasks to be completed by students. Student feedback on the integrated surgical soft-tissue teaching program was assessed. Respondents were assessed in the fourth year of the degree and will have further opportunities to develop Day One small-animal soft-tissue surgical competencies in the fifth year. Ninety-four percent of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that they were motivated to participate in all aspects of the program, while 78% agreed or strongly agreed that they received an adequate opportunity to develop their skills and confidence in ovariohysterectomy or castration procedures through the fourth-year curriculum. PMID:22430078

  7. Maintaining oral health during pregnancy: perceptions of midwives in Southwest Sydney.

    PubMed

    George, Ajesh; Johnson, Maree; Duff, Margaret; Blinkhorn, Anthony; Ajwani, Shilpi; Bhole, Sameer; Ellis, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    Current evidence highlights the importance of maintaining good oral health during pregnancy, unfortunately, many women in Australia do not access dental services at this time. Compounding the situation is the lack of importance placed on the value of good maternal oral health by prenatal care providers. These constraints highlight the potential value of having preventive oral health advice and referral to an appropriate care pathway during the prenatal period. Midwives are in an excellent position to offer such a service, although the specific aspects of the role have not been clearly defined in Australia. As a preliminary step to the development of an oral health service program, initiated by midwives, this study assesses the midwives' perceptions of such an approach. Data were collected for this qualitative study via a focus group with 15 midwives. Thematic analyses of the data showed that despite the high prevalence of poor oral health in the area, most midwives were unaware of its possible ill-effects on maternal and child health. Midwives were also reluctant to discuss oral health with pregnant women because of a lack of appropriate referral pathways to the Public Dental Services. Midwives were receptive to the idea of establishing this new service but highlighted barriers such as the time involved, the competencies required and the need for referral pathways. The findings suggest that a midwifery-initiated oral health service has potential although issues such as training, time constraints and referral pathways must be addressed. PMID:21706994

  8. Estrogen mediated effects in the Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata, following field exposures to sewage effluent containing estrogenic compounds and activity.

    PubMed

    Andrew-Priestley, M N; O'Connor, W A; Dunstan, R H; Van Zwieten, L; Tyler, T; Kumar, A; MacFarlane, G R

    2012-09-15

    The Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata, has been demonstrated as a useful biomonitor of estrogenic compounds following laboratory exposures, yet its utility in the assessment of estrogenic exposure and effects under field conditions requires investigation. To achieve this aim, S. glomerata were deployed in Newcastle, Australia in the effluent receiving marine waters of Burwood Beach WWTP (Burwood Beach "near", <50 m from outfall and Burwood Beach "far", 100-150 m from outfall) and reference locations (Redhead, Fingal Island 1 and Fingal Island 2) at depths of 4, 8 and 12 m for six weeks. Effluent receiving waters of Burwood Beach WWTP were found to be a suitable impact location, demonstrated via measurement of estrogenic compounds and activity throughout the deployment. Estrogenic compounds were detected (average of combined solids and liquid fractions) at average concentrations of: 1.42 ng/L for estrone, 0.69 ng/L for 17? estradiol, 3.83 ng/L for estriol (E3), 0.56 ng/L for 17?-ethynylestradiol, 64.2 ng/L for bisphenol A, 7.51 ng/L for 4-nonylphenol and 5.93 ng/L for 4-tert-octylphenol. Total estrogenic activity was estimated at 4.48 ng/L EEQ via the Yeast Estrogen Screen (YES(®)) assay (average of combined solid and liquid fractions). Female vitellogenin gene expression was highest at Burwood Beach locations, yet no significant differences were detected among locations for either sex. Vitellogenin protein was significantly higher (p<0.05) in S. glomerata at Burwood Beach Near compared to reference locations for the 4 and 12 m depths. Increased proportions of females were found at Burwood Beach Near, at 4m depth (p<0.05). Both Burwood Beach locations had higher proportions of mature female gonadal development stages compared to reference locations (p<0.05). Oocyte area was highest at both Burwood Beach locations, but no significant differences were detected among locations. Findings provided further evidence that female S. glomerata may be a suitable candidate species for assessment of effects of estrogenic compounds in Australian waters. PMID:22673404

  9. Trulaske College of Business January Intersession 2015 New Zealand/Australia

    E-print Network

    Missouri-Columbia, University of

    Trulaske College of Business January Intersession 2015 New Zealand/Australia 1 Study Abroad in New of international business with a special focus on New Zealand, Australia, the Pacific Basin and trading partners in North America and Europe. Visit international companies in New Zealand and Sydney, Australia. Learn

  10. Distinct Bradyrhizbium communities nodulate legumes native to temperate and tropical monsoon Australia

    E-print Network

    Australia Tomasz Stepkowski a, , Elizabeth Watkin b , Alison McInnes c,1 , Dorota Gurda a , Joanna Gracz, Perth, Australia c School of Natural Sciences, University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury Campus, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW 1797, Australia d Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology

  11. UAVs OVER AUSTRALIA -Market And Capabilities Dr. K.C. Wong

    E-print Network

    Wong, K. C.

    UAVs OVER AUSTRALIA - Market And Capabilities Dr. K.C. Wong Department of Aeronautical Engineering Building J07 University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia Tel: +61 2 9351 2347 Fax: +61 2 9351 4841 kc Australia Tel: +61 3 9647 3053 Fax: +61 3 9647 3050 c.bil@rmit.edu.au ABSTRACT It is generally accepted

  12. 2014 PhD Scholarships: ARC funded projects at The University of Technology, Sydney As a result of outstanding success in recent ARC funding rounds two Future Fellowships and four Discovery Projects

    E-print Network

    University of Technology, Sydney

    2014 PhD Scholarships: ARC funded projects at The University of Technology, Sydney As a result ­ the UTS Plant Functional Biology and Climate Change Cluster (C3) is seeking applications from suitably qualified candidates for 9 PhD scholarships. Established in 2008, C3 is a dynamic, multidisciplinary

  13. ICSN Meeting: 2012 Sydney

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content Search International Cancer Screening Network Sponsored by the National Cancer Institute Home | About ICSN | Collaborative Projects | Meetings | Cancer Sites | Publications | Contact Us ICSN Meetings: 1997 | 1999 | 2002 | 2004

  14. Interview of Sydney Brenner

    E-print Network

    Brenner, Sydney

    2007-12-13

    student teaching physiology; became an expert on calorie intake 13:58:22 At Witwatersrand a most important influence was Raymond Dart the Professor of Anatomy but more so was a man called Joseph Gillman who was a lecturer in histology and later Professor... tea with Morgan Foster as a benefit of the college was to have friends outside science; other friends at King's included Francis Haskell, Michael Jaffe, and Dadie Rylands; Bernard Williams and Robert Bolgar; Edmund Leach, Meyer Fortes - always been...

  15. Outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by norovirus GII.4 Sydney variant after a wedding reception at a resort/activity centre, Finland, August 2012.

    PubMed

    Polkowska, A; Rönnqvist, M; Lepistö, O; Roivainen, M; Maunula, L; Huusko, S; Toikkanen, S; Rimhanen-Finne, R

    2014-09-01

    In August 2012, an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred among 88 persons attending a wedding reception at a resort/activity centre in Ylöjärvi, Finland. Of 39 interviewed guests, 23 met the case definition. Two persons were hospitalized. Epidemiological, laboratory and environmental investigations were conducted to characterize the outbreak and to recommend control measures. Investigation confirmed the presence of a new strain of norovirus GII.4 Sydney variant in stool specimens obtained from two wedding guests and on several environmental surfaces in the centre. In the questionnaire study, none of the foods or beverages served during the reception were significantly associated with the illness. Additional cases of gastroenteritis that occurred at the centre before and after the wedding reception supported the hypothesis of environmental transmission of norovirus. After thorough cleansing and disinfection and 1 week's quarantine, no new cases with symptoms typical for norovirus infection were identified at the centre. PMID:24229743

  16. Maintenance of chitons on seawalls using crevices on sandstone blocks as habitat in Sydney Harbour, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Moreira; M. G. Chapman; A. J. Underwood

    2007-01-01

    Intertidal seawalls support different assemblages and fewer species than do natural habitats. One explanation for these patterns may be the lack of some microhabitats on seawalls. Preliminary observations suggested that some features of sandstone seawalls, such as the presence of crevices among blocks, may provide chitons with an important habitat. To test the hypothesis that numbers of the chiton, Sypharochiton

  17. Sydney, Australia Community Meets Classroom: Celebrating Families and Difference in the Early Stages of Primary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Kellie

    2006-01-01

    Teachers and teacher educators are often hard pressed to find resources that creatively integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), and intersex issues into the early stages of primary education. While there is a growing number of academics who stress the importance of addressing topics of sexual and gender diversity during the early…

  18. Proc ACUN-5 "Developments in Composites: Advanced, Infrastructural, Natural and Nano-compsoites", UNSW, SYDNEY, Australia,

    E-print Network

    investigated the use of externally bonded carbon FRP (CFRP) materials to strengthen steel beams. A number of Large-scale steel-concrete composite beams tested to examine the behavior of different strengthening for the strengthening and repair of steel bridges and structures, including repair of overloaded girders (Sen et al

  19. FRPRCS-9 Sydney, Australia Monday 13 Wednesday 15 July 2009 STEPPED ISOSTRESS METHOD FOR ARAMID FIBERS

    E-print Network

    Burgoyne, Chris

    FIBERS Ioannis P. GIANNOPOULOS 1 Chris J. BURGOYNE 2 1 PhD student, Department of Engineering, University Keywords: kevlar 49, technora, stepped isostress method, stress-rupture, accelerated testing, activation concentration, strain or stress. Among them, temperature and stress are the two most important factors for load

  20. Small-scale spatial structuring of interstitial invertebrates on three embayed beaches, Sydney, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooke, Belinda C.; Goodwin, Ian D.; Bishop, Melanie J.

    2014-10-01

    An understanding of ecological processes hinges upon an understanding of the spatial structuring of their key biotic components. Interstitial invertebrates are a ubiquitous and ecologically important component of sandy beach ecosystems. As many sandy beach taxa have limited dispersal, it may be expected that their populations exhibit a high degree of spatial structuring, yet the spatial scales across which they display baseline variability remain largely unknown. To assess (1) whether interstitial invertebrates display patchiness on embayed sandy beaches, (2) whether the size of patches they form is consistent across three geographically proximal beaches, (3) the key environmental correlates of this variation and (4) its taxonomic dependence, samples were collected at regular (0.5 m) intervals along 15 m long geomorphically similar stretches of three proximal intermediate beaches and analyses of spatial autocorrelation were conducted. On each of the three beaches, interstitial invertebrate communities formed patches of 2-4.5 m in diameter. Spatial structuring of invertebrate communities was driven by harpacticoid copepods and gastrotrichs, and corresponded to spatial structuring of sediments. Sediments, however, explained only 33% of spatial variation in faunal communities, indicating the importance of other abiotic and/or biotic factors. Our study highlights that even on seemingly homogeneous sandy beaches, faunal communities may display considerable small-scale spatial structuring. Examination of spatial structure may lead to a greater understanding of the ecological processes in this system.

  1. Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers - changes over time and differences between Sydney and Melbourne, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chris Rissel; Catriona Bonfiglioli; Adrian Emilsen; Ben J Smith

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cycling is important for health, transport, environmental and economic reasons. Newspaper reporting of cycling reflects and can influence public and policy maker attitudes towards resource allocation for cycling and cycling infrastructure, yet such coverage has not been systematically examined. METHODS: The Factiva electronic news archive was searched for articles referring to cycling published in four major metropolitan newspapers -

  2. Posttraumatic stress disorder among female street-based sex workers in the greater Sydney area, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amanda Roxburgh; Louisa Degenhardt; Jan Copeland

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This paper examines rates of exposure to work-related violence and other trauma, and the prevalence of lifetime and current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among female street-based sex workers. It also investigates associations between current PTSD symptoms and: demographic characteristics, psychiatric comorbidity, injecting and sex risk behaviours, and trauma history. METHODS: Cross sectional data collected from 72 women via face

  3. preprint version RSS 2012, Sydney, Australia Rigidity Maintenance Control for Multi-Robot Systems

    E-print Network

    UAVs to demonstrate and validate the theoretical results. I. INTRODUCTION Multi-robot systems provide and rigid formations. The study of rigidity has a long history with contributions from both pure mathematics

  4. 4th International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning Sydney, Australia, August 1015, 2008

    E-print Network

    Klein, Gerwin

    Klein (Chairs) WS 1 ­ August 10/11 #12;II #12;Preface The VERIFY workshop series aims at bringing) for accepting the invitation to address the workshop. August 2008 Bernhard Beckert Gerwin Klein #12;IV #12;V Program Co-Chairs and Organisers Bernhard Beckert University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany Gerwin Klein

  5. UDT Pacific 2000 Conference Sydney, Australia. 7-9 Feb. 2000

    E-print Network

    shelves the acoustic properties of the seabed become the dominant factor but there are only a few propagation into the seabed to depths of several kilometres. For acoustic propagation studies it is near-GUN AS A SOUND SOURCE FOR ACOUSTIC PROPAGATION STUDIES Alec Duncan and Rob McCauley Centre for Marine Science

  6. Posttraumatic stress disorder among female street-based sex workers in the greater Sydney area, Australia

    PubMed Central

    Roxburgh, Amanda; Degenhardt, Louisa; Copeland, Jan

    2006-01-01

    Background This paper examines rates of exposure to work-related violence and other trauma, and the prevalence of lifetime and current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among female street-based sex workers. It also investigates associations between current PTSD symptoms and: demographic characteristics, psychiatric comorbidity, injecting and sex risk behaviours, and trauma history. Methods Cross sectional data collected from 72 women via face to face structured interviews. The interview included structured diagnostic assessment of DSM-IV PTSD; drug dependence; depression; experience of childhood trauma; and an assessment of sex working history. Results All but one of the women interviewed reported experiencing trauma, with the majority reporting multiple traumas that typically began in early childhood. Child sexual abuse, adult sexual assault and work related violence were commonly reported. Just under half of the women met DSM-IV criteria for PTSD and approximately one-third reported current PTSD symptoms. Adult sexual assault was associated with current PTSD symptoms. Depression and drug dependence were also highly prevalent; cocaine dependence in particular was associated with elevated rates of injecting risk and sexual risk behaviours. Conclusion These women reported complex trauma histories and despite ongoing opportunities for clinical intervention, they continued to experience problems, suggesting that current models of treatment may not be appropriate. More targeted interventions, and integrated mental health and drug treatment services are needed to address the problems these women are experiencing. Outreach services to these women remain a priority. Education strategies to reduce risky injecting and sexual behaviours among sex workers should also remain a priority. PMID:16719928

  7. Professor Philip W. Kuchel, University of Sydney, Australia Modeling Cellular Metabolism

    E-print Network

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    Physics, peter.lundberg@liu.se, Ph. 010-103 2790 (office) #12;Brief Biography Rapid Dissolution Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Wednesday June 5 at 09 obtained using rapid- dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization (RD-DNP; Hyper

  8. Modeling the Miocene Climatic Optimum. Part I: Land and Atmosphere* EarthByte Group, School of Geosciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

    E-print Network

    Müller, Dietmar

    , in final form 9 March 2011) ABSTRACT This study presents results from the Community Climate System Model 3 stratosphere, consistent with previously predicted effects of global warming. Energy budget calculations positive isotopic shift is associated with growth of the Antarctic ice sheet and a drop in deep

  9. Journal: Sunita Gupta: Australia June 13, 2007

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    and Sydney. Australia has equal parts of natural beauty and city. The Great Ocean Road was beautiful! It was split into 3 parts: ocean/beach, rainforest and ocean with huge rocks. The first part was very glamorous urchins, anemones and shark eggs. We took a tour of the Blue Mountains and saw some great natural beauty

  10. Whole genome sequencing and de novo assembly identifies Sydney-like variant noroviruses and recombinants during the winter 2012/2013 outbreak in England

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Norovirus is the commonest cause of epidemic gastroenteritis among people of all ages. Outbreaks frequently occur in hospitals and the community, costing the UK an estimated £110 m per annum. An evolutionary explanation for periodic increases in norovirus cases, despite some host-specific post immunity is currently limited to the identification of obvious recombinants. Our understanding could be significantly enhanced by full length genome sequences for large numbers of intensively sampled viruses, which would also assist control and vaccine design. Our objective is to develop rapid, high-throughput, end-to-end methods yielding complete norovirus genome sequences. We apply these methods to recent English outbreaks, placing them in the wider context of the international norovirus epidemic of winter 2012. Method Norovirus sequences were generated from 28 unique clinical samples by Illumina RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) of total faecal RNA. A range of de novo sequence assemblers were attempted. The best assembler was identified by validation against three replicate samples and two norovirus qPCR negative samples, together with an additional 20 sequences determined by PCR and fractional capillary sequencing. Phylogenetic methods were used to reconstruct evolutionary relationships from the whole genome sequences. Results Full length norovirus genomes were generated from 23/28 samples. 5/28 partial norovirus genomes were associated with low viral copy numbers. The de novo assembled sequences differed from sequences determined by capillary sequencing by <0.003%. Intra-host nucleotide sequence diversity was rare, but detectable by mapping short sequence reads onto its de novo assembled consensus. Genomes similar to the Sydney 2012 strain caused 78% (18/23) of cases, consistent with its previously documented association with the winter 2012 global outbreak. Interestingly, phylogenetic analysis and recombination detection analysis of the consensus sequences identified two related viruses as recombinants, containing sequences in prior circulation to Sydney 2012 in open reading frame (ORF) 2. Conclusion Our approach facilitates the rapid determination of complete norovirus genomes. This method provides high resolution of full norovirus genomes which, when coupled with detailed epidemiology, may improve the understanding of evolution and control of this important healthcare-associated pathogen. PMID:24220146

  11. The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns (SMILE) study: cluster randomised trial of humour therapy in nursing homes

    PubMed Central

    Low, Lee-Fay; Brodaty, Henry; Goodenough, Belinda; Spitzer, Peter; Bell, Jean-Paul; Fleming, Richard; Casey, Anne-Nicole; Liu, Zhixin; Chenoweth, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To determine whether humour therapy reduces depression (primary outcome), agitation and behavioural disturbances and improves social engagement and quality-of-life in nursing home residents. Design The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns study was a single-blind cluster randomised controlled trial of humour therapy. Setting 35 Sydney nursing homes. Participants All eligible residents within geographically defined areas within each nursing home were invited to participate. Intervention Professional ‘ElderClowns’ provided 9–12?weekly humour therapy sessions, augmented by resident engagement by trained staff ‘LaughterBosses’. Controls received usual care. Measurements Depression scores on the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, agitation scores on the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory, behavioural disturbance scores on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, social engagement scores on the withdrawal subscale of Multidimensional Observation Scale for Elderly Subjects, and self-rated and proxy-rated quality-of-life scores on a health-related quality-of-life tool for dementia, the DEMQOL. All outcomes were measured at the participant level by researchers blind to group assignment. Randomisation Sites were stratified by size and level of care then assigned to group using a random number generator. Results Seventeen nursing homes (189 residents) received the intervention and 18 homes (209 residents) received usual care. Groups did not differ significantly over time on the primary outcome of depression, or on behavioural disturbances other than agitation, social engagement and quality of life. The secondary outcome of agitation was significantly reduced in the intervention group compared with controls over 26?weeks (time by group interaction adjusted for covariates: p=0.011). The mean difference in change from baseline to 26?weeks in Blom-transformed agitation scores after adjustment for covariates was 0.17 (95% CI 0.004 to 0.34, p=0.045). Conclusions Humour therapy did not significantly reduce depression but significantly reduced agitation. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry -ACTRN12611000462987. PMID:23315520

  12. FTIR and py-GC-MS spectra of true-fern and seed-fern sphenopterids (Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada, Pennsylvanian)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Zodrow, E.L.; Mastalerz, Maria

    2002-01-01

    Sphenopterid specimens from the Late Pennsylvanian of Sydney Coalfield, Canada, are investigated by FTIR and py-GC-MS techniques as part of an on-going research project into the biochemistry and chemotaxonomy of Pennsylvanian-age pteridophylls. Included in the investigation are samples of the true-fern species Oligocarpia brongniartii and Zeilleria delicatula that are preserved as naturally macerated cuticles (NMC), and the seed-fern Eusphenopteris neuropteroides that is also preserved as a compression/impression. FTIR spectra of NMC seed-fern E. neuropteroides, and fern sphenopterid O. brongniartii are very similar, except that the latter does not have aromatic bands in the 700-900 cm-1 out-of-plane region, py-GC-MS show more aromatic compounds for the seed fern than for the two true-fern sphenopterids. Another difference between seed-fern and true-fern sphenopterids is a lower ratio of CH2 to CH3 in chemically treated specimens (CTC) for the seed fern. These observations suggest slightly higher aromaticity for the seed ferns, perhaps related to some chemotaxonomic differences. Comparison of FTIR and py-GC-MS characteristics of sphenopterids and other plant groups shows that these two techniques have potential to identifying chemotaxonomic signals from Carboniferous pteridophylls in general, although more data are needed to confirm this. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Incorporation of Radon-222 as a parameter in ME-2 to improve apportionment of PM2.5 sources in the Sydney region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crawford, Jagoda; Cohen, David D.; Chambers, Scott; Williams, Alastair; Stelcer, Eduard

    2013-12-01

    In recent years source apportionment of observed PM2.5 has been improved by incorporating meteorological information as additional factors in receptor modelling studies using ME-2. In this study we replace one of these meteorological factors, namely, parameterisation by wind speed, with a parameterisation based on hourly observations of the naturally occurring terrestrial gas Radon-222 (radon), and compare results of the two parameterisations over five years at an inland site in the Greater Sydney Region. The efficacy of the wind speed and radon parameterisation techniques is assessed by comparing regressions between the daily contributions from identified elemental fingerprints estimated from the wind speed and radon multi-linear models against those obtained from the corresponding bi-linear model (while the two models are solved simultaneously). The radon parameterisation yielded improved regressions for all source fingerprints, most notably Smoke and Autos (r2 = 0.67 and 0.65, respectively, compared to 0.57 and 0.47 when the wind speed parameterisation was used). Both parameterisation schemes were equally effective in attributing PM2.5 to wind sectors known to contain sources characterised by the observed fingerprints. Our findings demonstrate that incorporating radon as a parameter in ME-2 can lead to an improved PM2.5 source apportionment than that obtained using meteorological parameters alone, particularly for inland sites with distributed sources.

  14. Iodine Deficiency in Australia: Be Alarmed. Opinions & Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McElduff, Aidan; Beange, Helen

    2004-01-01

    Iodine deficiency, the leading preventable cause of intellectual impairment in the world (World Health Organization, 1999), has reappeared in Australia. Recently, we identified the re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Sydney (Gunton, Hams, Fiegert & McElduff, 1999). This has been confirmed locally (Li, Ma, Boyages & Eastman, 2001) and…

  15. SHRIMP zircon dating of the Permian System of eastern Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Roberts; C. B. Foster

    1996-01-01

    SHRIMP zircon dates from Permian ignimbrites and tuffs associated with fossiliferous strata within the Sydney?Bowen Basin and New England Orogen are used to establish a time scale for the Permian System in eastern Australia. For the first time this enables direct correlation of the eastern Australian Lower Permian succession with similarly measured ages in the Permian type sections in the

  16. The hydrological and economic impacts of changing water allocation in political regions within the peri-urban South Creek catchment in Western Sydney I: Model development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davidson, Brian; Malano, Hector; Nawarathna, Bandara; Maheshwari, Basant

    2013-08-01

    In this paper an integrated model of the hydrological and economic impacts of deploying water within the political divisions in the South Creek catchment of the ‘peri-urban’ region of Western Sydney is presented. This model enables an assessment of the hydrological and economic merits of different water allocation-substitution strategies, both over the whole catchment and in each political region and jurisdiction within it, to be undertaken. Not only are the differences in the water allocated to each region and use revealed, but also the net present values associated with each use within each region. In addition, it is possible to determine measures of equity in water distribution using this approach. It was found that over a period from 2008 to 2031 the South Creek catchment in total would on average use approximately 50,600 ML of potable water a year, the vast majority of this is used in the two urban regions of Penrith and Blacktown. Agricultural water use was also greatest in these two regions. Over this period the allocation system was estimated to have a small net present value of approximately A301 million and the Benefit-Cost ratio was estimated to be 1.06. The urban regions of Penrith and Blacktown and the rural region of Hawkesbury were estimated to have returned a net positive benefit of A76 million, A246 million and A39 million (respectively), while water to Liverpool and Camden was delivered at a loss of A7 million and A52 million over the period assessed. It was found that across the catchment a fair degree of both physical and economic equity occurred between regions, with the exception of Liverpool, which was over endowed with water and paid a high cost for it.

  17. Health advice given by general practitioners for travellers from Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S Thava Seelan; Peter A Leggat

    2003-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of travel health advice and written documentation reported to be given by general practitioners to travellers from Australia.Design and setting: A postal questionnaire was sent to general practitioners (GPs).Participants: 433 GPs were randomly selected from the register of the Medical Directory of Australia from the areas of western Sydney and Townville.Results: Two hundred and thirteen

  18. Molecular and morphological assessment of Australia’s most endangered snake, Hoplocephalus bungaroides , reveals two evolutionarily significant units for conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joanna Sumner; Jonathan K. Webb; Richard Shine; J. Scott Keogh

    2010-01-01

    The Broad-headed snake Hoplocephalus bungaroides is one of Australia’s most endangered vertebrates. Extant populations of H. bungaroides are restricted to several geographically isolated reserves to the north, west, and south of Sydney. We analysed mitochondrial\\u000a DNA from 184 specimens drawn from across the geographic range of the Broad-headed snake. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated\\u000a that H. bungaroides comprises two divergent mitochondrial lineages

  19. Physician staffed helicopter emergency medical service dispatch via centralised control or directly by crew – case identification rates and effect on the Sydney paediatric trauma system

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Severe paediatric trauma patients benefit from direct transport to dedicated Paediatric Trauma Centres (PTC). Parallel case identification systems utilising paramedics from a centralised dispatch centre versus the crew of a physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) allowed comparison of the two systems for case identification rates and subsequent timeliness of direct transfer to a PTC. Methods Paediatric trauma patients over a two year period from the Sydney region with an Injury Severity Score (ISS)?>?15 were retrospectively identified from a state wide trauma registry. Overall paediatric trauma system performance was assessed by comparisons of the availability of the physician staffed HEMS for patient characteristics, transport mode (direct versus indirect) and the times required for the patient to arrive at the paediatric trauma centre. The proportion of patients transported directly to a PTC was compared between the times that the HEMS service was available versus the time that it was unavailable to determine if the HEMS system altered the rate of direct transport to a PTC. Analysis of variance was used to compare the identifying systems for various patient characteristics when the HEMS was available. Results Ninety nine cases met the inclusion criteria, 44 when the HEMS system was operational. Patients identified for physician response by the HEMS system were significantly different to those that were not identified with higher median ISS (25 vs 18, p?=?0.011), and shorter times to PTC (67 vs 261mins, p?=?0.015) and length of intensive care unit stays (2 vs 0?days, p?=?0.045). Of the 44 cases, 21 were not identified, 3 were identified by the paramedic system and 20 were identified by the HEMS system, (P?

  20. Comparison of the Coe Thellier Thellier and microwave palaeointensity techniques using high-titanium titanomagnetites: results from a Tertiary basaltic intrusion from the Sydney Basin, New South Wales

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, D. Neil; Hill, Mimi J.; Garcia, Alexander S.

    2004-12-01

    Conventional Thellier and microwave (MW) palaeointensity experiments, accompanied by rock magnetic tests, were conducted on samples from an early Tertiary (ca. 49 Ma) basaltic intrusion [the Peats Ridge (PR) basalt] from the Sydney Basin. Thermomagnetic and low-temperature susceptibility measurements suggest that the dominant magnetic mineral is Ti-enriched titanomagnetite (˜TM65-TM50) and hysteresis results indicate that the majority of samples exhibit PSD-like behaviour. Some samples show evidence of alteration, during laboratory heating, but only at temperatures in excess of 400 °C. No alteration is observed in the dominant temperature range (~70-300 °C) used for calculation of palaeointensities. Stepwise thermal demagnetisation studies reveal single component (after removal of a small viscous), reverse polarity magnetisations in all samples, with a mean characteristic remanence (ChRM) direction of D/I=197°/+60° ( ?95=5°, k=62). Coe-Thellier-Thellier (CTT) experiments yielded a high success rate, with 68% of samples conforming to standard acceptance criteria. Microwave (MW) palaeointensity experiments, predominantly using the perpendicular applied field technique, produced a greater success rate of 82%. Mean palaeointensities of 27.1±4.4 ?T ( N=21) and 27.4±4.0 ?T ( N=28) were obtained from the CTT and MW techniques, respectively. These means could not be distinguished statistically, and the respective quality indicators were similar. These results suggest that the new microwave technique for calculating palaeointensities is, in this case, equivalent to the well-established CTT technique. This is an intuitive outcome, given that rock magnetic analyses suggest that alteration does not occur below the Curie temperature of the samples. Our results therefore provide a positive test for the equivalence of the MW and CTT techniques. The Virtual Dipole Moment (VDM) value for the intrusion is 4.7±0.7×10 22 Am 2, suggesting that the dipole field was approximately 59% of the present day value at ca. 49 Ma. This provides a valuable data point from the Southern Hemisphere, for a sparsely covered time period in the global palaeointensity database.

  1. Assessment and improvement of quality management capabilities for manufacturing industries in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stanislaus Roque Lobo; Kenan M. Matawie; Premaratne Samaranayake

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides an assessment of the quality management capabilities of the manufacturing industries in the Western Sydney Region of New South Wales, Australia based on a conceptual framework of the Quality Management Assessment Framework (QMAF) model which incorporates Information Communication Technology as an enabler. Survey data collected from a range of small, medium and large manufacturing organisations were used

  2. Reuse of greywater for irrigation around homes in Australia: Understanding community views, issues and practices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. Pinto; B. L. Maheshwari

    2010-01-01

    We examined people's views on a number of water issues and their motivation, practices and concerns about greywater reuse for irrigation of around homes. Survey participants (275) from different socio-economic background from 125 suburbs in the Western Sydney region, Australia took part in the study. Regardless of their age and gender, when asked which was the most important issue regarding

  3. Far away from home: the housing question and international students in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franklin Obeng-Odoom

    2012-01-01

    It has become commonplace for scholars and education managers to talk of the globalisation of higher education. How to provide housing for the growing numbers of international students, however, remains contentious. This paper presents the situation in Australia by analysing the results of two large surveys and official reports published by student associations, housing authorities, the University of Sydney, and

  4. Source of heavy metals in sediments of the Port Jackson estuary, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gavin Birch; Stuart Taylor

    1999-01-01

    The Port Jackson estuary has a highly urbanised and industrialised catchment and is central to Sydney, which with a population of approximately 4 million, comprises almost a quarter of Australia's population. The estuary has a long history of contamination which has resulted in extensive areas of polluted sediments mainly associated with the most industrialised\\/commercialised parts of the catchment. The highest

  5. Banana Supply Chains in Indonesia and Australia: Surviving Isolation from End markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shinta Singgih; Elizabeth Woods

    2003-01-01

    Two banana supply chains (BSC), one in Indonesia (BSC1) and one in Australia (BSC2), are described based on case study research conducted in 2002. BSC1 sources bananas from small farmers for distribution through traditional markets in Jakarta. BSC2 includes farmers supplying to both major and independent retailers in Sydney through a wholesale agency with some farmer ownership. Farmers in both

  6. The history of early low frequency radio astronomy in Australia. 1: The CSIRO Division of Radiophysics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orchiston, Wayne; George, Martin; Slee, Bruce; Wielebinski, Richard

    2015-03-01

    During the 1950s and 1960s Australia was a world leader in the specialised field of low frequency radio astronomy, with two geographically-distinct areas of activity. One was in the Sydney region and the other in the island of Tasmania to the south of the Australian mainland. Research in the Sydney region began in 1949 through the CSIRO's Division of Radiophysics, and initially was carried out at the Hornsby Valley field station before later transferring to the Fleurs field station. In this paper we summarise the low frequency radio telescopes and research programs associated with the historic Hornsby Valley and Fleurs sites.

  7. Permian UPb (CA-TIMS) zircon ages from Australia and China: Constraining the time scale of environmental and biotic change

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. W. Denyszyn; R. Mundil; I. Metcalfe; B. He

    2010-01-01

    In eastern Australia, the interconnected Bowen and Sydney Basins are filled with terrestrial sediments of late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic age. These sedimentary units record significant evolutionary events of eastern Gondwana during the time interval between two major mass extinctions (end Middle Permian and Permian-Triassic), and also provide lithological evidence for the Carboniferous-Permian Late Paleozoic Ice Age of southern Pangea,

  8. The Use of Sessional Teachers in Universities: Faculty of the Built Environment, University of New South Wales Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses the issues and realities presented by the casualisation of higher education teaching staff. It uses a case study from the University of New South Wales [UNSW] in Sydney Australia. The research presents and analyses perspectives from two key stakeholders in a university [students and academic management] on the use of sessional…

  9. The impact of HIV seroadaptive behaviours on sexually transmissible infections in HIV-negative homosexual men in Sydney, Australia

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Fengyi; Prestage, Garrett P; Templeton, David J; Poynten, I Mary; Donovan, Basil; Zablotska, Iryna; Kippax, Susan C; Mindel, Adrian; Grulich, Andrew E

    2011-01-01

    Background HIV seroadaptive behaviours such as serosorting and strategic positioning are being increasingly practised by homosexual men, however, their impact on sexually transmissible infections (STIs) is unclear. Methods Participants were 1,427 initially HIV-negative men enrolled from 2001 to 2004 and followed to June 2007. Participants were tested annually for anal and urethral gonorrhoea and chlamydia, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis. In addition, they reported diagnoses of these conditions, and of genital and anal warts between annual visits, and sexual risk behaviours. Results Compared with men who reported no unprotected anal intercourse (UAI), serosorting was associated with an increased risk of urethral (HR=1.97, 95% CI 1.43–2.72) and anal (HR=1.62, 95% CI 1.11–2.36) chlamydia. Compared with men who reported UAI with HIV non-concordant partners, men who practised serosorting had significantly lower risk of incident syphilis (HR=0.21, 95% CI 0.05–0.81) and urethral gonorrhoea (HR=0.61, 95% CI 0.39–0.96). Compared with men who reported no UAI, strategic positioning was associated with an increased risk of urethral gonorrhoea (HR=1.72, 95% CI 1.05–2.83) and chlamydia (HR=2.22, 95% CI 1.55–3.18). Compared with men who reported receptive UAI, the incidence of anal gonorrhoea (HR=0.38, 0.20–0.74) and chlamydia (HR= 0.44, 95% CI 0.27–0.69) was significantly lower in those who practised strategic positioning. Conclusion For men who reported seopadaptive behaviours, rates of some bacterial STIs were higher than in men who reported no UAI. However, rates were lower than for men who reported higher HIV risk behaviours. PMID:22337105

  10. Working Knowledge: Productive Learning at Work. Proceedings [of the] International Conference (Sydney, Australia, December 10-13, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Symes, Colin, Ed.

    This conference proceedings contains 65 presentations and 3 colloquiums from a conference that dealt with knowledge at work and knowledge that works and with how education can be successfully integrated into work and work into education. The papers are "Reading the Contexts of Complex Incidents of Adult Education Practice" (Apte); "Models of Work…

  11. The influence of petrological properties and burial history on coal seam methane reservoir characterisation, Sydney Basin, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Faiz; A. Saghafi; N. Sherwood; I. Wang

    2007-01-01

    Gas content of coals continuously change throughout their burial histories as a result of the changing state of equilibrium of the coal–gas system caused by variations in P–T conditions and coal rank. To fully evaluate the prospectivity of a coalbed methane resource, numerous coal properties, burial history, P–T conditions, hydrology and the likelihood of secondary biogenic gas generation need to

  12. SEROLOGIC SURVEY FOR TOXOPLASMA GONDII AND NEOSPORA CANINUM IN THE COMMON BRUSHTAIL POSSOM (TRICHOSURUS VULPECULA) FROM URBAN SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) has well adapted to increasing urbanization resulting in greater interaction with humans and their domestic pets. Wildlife species in urban areas face a higher risk of exposure to zoonotic pathogens and may be affected by parasites hosted by cats (...

  13. A field study of thermal comfort in outdoor and semi-outdoor environments in subtropical Sydney Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Spagnolo; Richard de Dear

    2003-01-01

    In the absence of empirical outdoor thermal comfort studies it has been widely assumed that indoor thermal comfort theory generalises to outdoor settings without modification. Many indoor models were developed to describe thermal discomfort, not stress, therefore their relevance to conditions that vary greatly from neutrality, as many outdoor climatic conditions do, has not been critically validated in the field

  14. Fiber optics in astronomy II;Proceedings of the 2nd Conference, Sydney, Australia, Nov. 11-14, 1991

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter M. Gray

    1993-01-01

    Topics addressed include multiobject fiber systems, software and data reduction, 2D fiber spectrography, and spectrograph optical design and fiber testing. Particular attention is given to high-precision fiber positioning for the prime Focus of 4-m class telescopes, a fiber positioning system for the Digital Sky Survey, a second-generation FLAIR system, and a fiber-fed spectrograph for the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope. Also

  15. The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion: findings from the Cycling Connecting Communities project in Sydney, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chris E Rissel; Carolyn New; Li Ming Wen; Dafna Merom; Adrian E Bauman; Jan Garrard

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Encouraging cycling is an important way to increase physical activity in the community. The Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project is a community-based cycling promotion program that included a range of community engagement and social marketing activities, such as organised bike rides and events, cycling skills courses, the distribution of cycling maps of the area and coverage in the local

  16. In Proceedings of APSEC 2010 Cloud Workshop, Sydney, Australia, 30th An Analysis of The Cloud Computing Security Problem

    E-print Network

    Grundy, John

    of The Cloud Computing Security Problem Mohamed Al Morsy, John Grundy and Ingo Müller Computer Science to adopt IT without upfront investment. Despite the potential gains achieved from the cloud computing solution. Keywords: cloud computing; cloud computing security; cloud computing security management. I

  17. Application of sediment quality guidelines in the assessment and management of contaminated surficial sediments in Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour), Australia.

    PubMed

    Birch, Gavin F; Taylor, Stuart E

    2002-06-01

    Sediments in the Port Jackson estuary are polluted by a wide range of toxicants and concentrations are among the highest reported for any major harbor in the world. Sediment quality guidelines (SQGs), developed by the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the United States are used to estimate possible adverse biological effects of sedimentary contaminants in Port Jackson to benthic animals. The NOAA guidelines indicate that Pb, Zn, DDD, and DDE are the most likely contaminants to cause adverse biological effects in Port Jackson. On an individual chemical basis, the detrimental effects due to these toxicants may occur over extensive areas of the harbor, i.e., about 40%, 30%, 15% and 50%, respectively. The NOAA SQGs can also be used to estimate the probability of sediment toxicity for contaminant mixtures by determining the number of contaminants exceeding an upper guideline value (effects range medium, or ERM), which predicts probable adverse biological effects. The exceedence approach is used in the current study to estimate the probability of sediment toxicity and to prioritize the harbour in terms of possible adverse effects on sediment-dwelling animals. Approximately 1% of the harbor is mantled with sediment containing more than ten contaminants exceeding their respective ERM concentrations and, based on NOAA data, these sediments have an 80% probability of being toxic. Sediment with six to ten contaminants exceeding their respective ERM guidelines extend over approximately 4% of the harbor and have a 57% probability of toxicity. These areas are located in the landward reaches of embayments in the upper and central harbor in proximity to the most industrialised and urbanized part of the catchment. Sediment in a further 17% of the harbor has between one and five exceedences and has a 32% probability of being toxic. The application of SQGs developed by NOAA has not been tested outside North America, and the validity of using them in Port Jackson has yet to be demonstrated. The screening approach adopted here is to use SQGs to identify contaminants of concern and to determine areas of environmental risk. The practical application and management implications of the results of this investigation are discussed. PMID:11992176

  18. Application of Sediment Quality Guidelines in the Assessment and Management of Contaminated Surficial Sediments in Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour), Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gavin F. Birch; Stuart E. Taylor

    2002-01-01

    Sediments in the Port Jackson estuary are polluted by a wide range of toxicants and concentrations are among the highest reported\\u000a for any major harbor in the world. Sediment quality guidelines (SQGs), developed by the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric\\u000a Administration (NOAA) in the United States are used to estimate possible adverse biological effects of sedimentary contaminants\\u000a in Port Jackson to

  19. he history of collecting art in Australia contains few stories as alluring as Roddy Meagher's. Justice

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    youth studying Arts at the University of Sydney. Meagher's Sydney terrace house (his home since 1971 almost two thousand pieces) is held together by the true distinction of his `eye' for beauty. As soon

  20. Geothermal development in Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burns, K. L.; Creelman, R. A.; Buckingham, N. W.; Harrington, H. J.

    In Australia, natural hot springs and hot artesian bores have been developed for recreational and therapeutic purposes. A district heating system at Portland, in the Otway Basin of western Victoria, has provided uninterrupted service for 12 Sears without significant problems, is servicing a building area of 18 990 sq m, and has prospects of expansion to manufacturing uses. A geothermal well has provided hot water for paper manufacture at Traralgon, in the Gippsland Basin of eastern Victoria. Power production from hot water aquifers was tested at Mulka in South Australia, and is undergoing a four-year production trial at Birdsville in Queensland. An important Hot Dry Rock resource has been confirmed in the Cooper Basin. It has been proposed to build an HDR experimental facility to test power production from deep conductive resources in the Sydney Basin near Muswellbrook.

  1. Geothermal development in Australia

    SciTech Connect

    Burns, K.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Creelman, R.A. [Creelman (R.A.) and Associates, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Buckingham, N.W. [Glenelg Shire Council, Portland, VIC (Australia); Harrington, H.J. [Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)]|[Sydney Univ., NSW (Australia)

    1995-03-01

    In Australia, natural hot springs and hot artesian bores have been developed for recreational and therapeutic purposes. A district heating system at Portland, in the Otway Basin of western Victoria, has provided uninterrupted service for 12 Sears without significant problems, is servicing a building area of 18 990 m{sup 2}, and has prospects of expansion to manufacturing uses. A geothermal well has provided hot water for paper manufacture at Traralgon, in the Gippsland Basin of eastern Victoria. Power production from hot water aquifers was tested at Mulka in South Australia, and is undergoing a four-year production trial at Birdsville in Queensland. An important Hot Dry Rock resource has been confirmed in the Cooper Basin. It has been proposed to build an HDR experimental facility to test power production from deep conductive resources in the Sydney Basin near Muswellbrook.

  2. Chemical fingerprinting of gasoline. Part 3. Comparison of unevaporated automotive gasoline samples from Australia and New Zealand.

    PubMed

    Sandercock, P M L; Du Pasquier, E

    2004-02-10

    A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with selected ion monitoring (GC-MS (SIM)) method was used to discriminate samples of unevaporated gasoline collected from Auckland, New Zealand and Sydney, Australia. This method was applied to 28 samples of unevaporated gasoline, covering three different grades (regular unleaded, premium unleaded and premium plus unleaded), that were collected from service stations in Auckland, New Zealand in summer (February) and winter (August). The 14 samples of summer gasoline collected in New Zealand could be divided into seven unique groups. The 14 samples of winter gasoline from New Zealand could be divided into 14 unique groups. The 14 samples collected in New Zealand during February 2002 were then compared to 24 samples of unevaporated gasoline collected from service stations in Sydney, Australia during the same month. Most of the samples could be differentiated based on their country of origin. PMID:15013167

  3. Concordance between urinalysis results and self-reported drug use by applicants for methadone maintenance in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erol Digiusto; Veronica Seres; Adrian Bibby; Robert Batey

    1996-01-01

    This study examined concordance between self-reported drug use and urinalysis data among 341 applicants for methadone treatment in Sydney, Australia. Rates of under-reporting of use of specific drugs were low (0% to 10%). Irregular drug use, short half-life of some abused drugs, and relatively low sensitivity of the TLC assay procedure led to most detected drugs being found in only

  4. Potential for childhood lead poisoning in the inner cities of Australia due to exposure to lead in soil dust.

    PubMed

    Laidlaw, Mark A S; Taylor, Mark P

    2011-01-01

    This article presents evidence demonstrating that the historical use of leaded gasoline and lead (Pb) in exterior paints in Australia has contaminated urban soils in the older inner suburbs of large cities such as Sydney and Melbourne. While significant attention has been focused on Pb poisoning in mining and smelting towns in Australia, relatively little research has focused on exposure to Pb originating from inner-city soil dust and its potential for childhood Pb exposures. Due to a lack of systematic blood lead (PbB) screening and geochemical soil Pb mapping in the inner cities of Australia, the risks from environmental Pb exposure remain unconstrained within urban population centres. PMID:20880621

  5. Effects of organochlorines on the ultrastructure of the liver of the damselfish Parma microlepis from reefs in New South Wales, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. A. Tricklebank

    2000-01-01

    Parma?microlepis (Günther) were collected from Malabar, an urban location close to the centre of Sydney, Australia, and from Jervis Bay, a\\u000a reference location 170?km south of the city centre. At each location, fish were collected from two sites separated by 100\\u000a to 200?m. The ultrastructure of normal liver tissue is described based on 20 female fish collected from Jervis Bay,

  6. THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY 20112015 STRATEGIC PLAN

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    features has implications for a wide range of sectors, from health to solar technology. Image: Jane Ion's Ministry of Food and the University's Charles Perkins Centre, which aims to significantly reduce and the China Studies Centre, and begun the process to recruit academics to staff them (also strategy 8). Other

  7. Adams, Walter Sydney (1876-1956)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Murdin

    2000-01-01

    Born in Antioch, Syria, to American missionary parents, he worked under GEORGE HALE at Yerkes Observatory at the University of Chicago, accompanying Hale to California to set up the Mount Wilson Observatory, and becoming its director on Hale's retirement. He helped design the 200 in telescope for Mount Palomar Observatory. His method of spectroscopic parallaxes, a technique using spectra to

  8. THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    , public bodies and shipping lines, while terminal operating systems, port community systems and vehicle booking systems, which together facilitate the smooth operation of ports, are reviewed. Thanks to the 20th of international freight transport and been a driving force behind globalisation. Ports and maritime logistics

  9. UNIVERSITY OF NICE SOPHIA UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    fatigue. La course de trail est un nouveau sport en essor qui induit une combinaison spécifique de fatigue Ecole Doctorale du Mouvement Humain 463 Reducing muscular fatigue in trail running - mechanisms and strategies Réduction de la fatigue musculaire en trail ­ mécanismes et strategies Thesis In partial

  10. Research, Training & Practice. Proceedings of the Macarthur Interpreting & Translation Conference (2nd, Sydney, Australia, March, 1996). Interpreting and Translation Publications Series, No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Sydney Univ., Macarthur (Australia). Language Acquisition Research Centre.

    The conference aimed to provide a forum for discussion of a wide variety of issues that relate to Interpreting and Translation, to share research results, training strategies and practice experiences, and to focus on the relationship between research, training, and practice. Papers include: "What Do We on translation and interpreting include:…

  11. World Congress on Microwave & RF Applications, Sydney, Australia, 22-26 September, 2002 Computational Analysis of an Irregular Slotted Waveguide as Radiating Element

    E-print Network

    Yakovlev, Vadim

    and the absorbing boundary conditions. The slot profile x0(z) has been approxi- mated by two straight-line segments on possible ways of their modification or optimization. The present paper pursues a similar goal in the study

  12. PO Box 123 Broadway, New South Wales, Australia 2007 Advanced Analytics Institute, University of Technology Sydney (Email: longbing.cao@uts.edu.au)

    E-print Network

    Cao, Longbing

    Task Force on Behavior and Social Informatics and of IEEE Task Force on Educational Data Mining. He and business analytics applications. Behavior and social informatics: he proposed and has been leading research on behavior informatics, focusing on complex behavior and social modeling and representation

  13. C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 51-78.

    E-print Network

    Thomas, Richard C.

    its mind. Neither did any concept of its rich multiple sensory apparatus, senses that provided smell information technologies affect our sense of place and space, and how they influence the policies we create to shape our environment. On another, and deeper level, this involves the ways in which the sense of place

  14. Is the isotopic composition of event based precipitation driven by moisture source or synoptic scale weather in the Sydney Basin, Australia?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crawford, Jagoda; Hughes, Catherine E.; Parkes, Stephen D.

    2013-12-01

    Event based rainfall samples from Mt Werong were analysed for isotopic composition.?18O was more enriched when the moisture was sourced over land compared to the ocean.?18O in rainfall from East Coast Lows was more depleted than other synoptic weather systems.Winter and summer depleted events were associated with higher precipitation amount.

  15. C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 255-260.

    E-print Network

    Thomas, Richard C.

    C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology groups presents a challenge to interface designers. This paper examines some of the key psychological is to determine user differences to find out which user characteristics predict differences in overall performance

  16. Appears in Proceedings of the 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, April 2011, Sydney, Australia. JPL Clearance CL#11-0178

    E-print Network

    Schaffer, Steven

    Institute, Thailand e Northeastern Hydro Power Plant, Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand f, Thailand c National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department of Thailand d Hydro Agro Informatics

  17. Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

    Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

  18. Proceedings of ICAD 04 Tenth Meeting of the International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 FRICTION SOUNDS FOR SENSORY SUBSTITUTION

    E-print Network

    Avanzini, Federico

    Stefania Serafin Dip. Ingegneria dell'Informazione Dip. Informatica Dept. of Software and Media Tech to what extent audition can substitute for haptic feedback in conveying perception of inertial properties to their inertia, to fric- tion with contacting surfaces, and so on. Many kinds of haptic devices with force

  19. Magnesium in cardiac arrest (the magic trial) 1 Presented at the Sixth International Conference on Emergency Medicine, Sydney, Australia, November, 1996. 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel M Fatovich; David A Prentice; Geoffrey J Dobb

    1997-01-01

    The prognosis of out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is dismal. Recent reports indicate that high dose magnesium may improve survival. A prospective randomized double blind placebo controlled trial was conducted at the emergency department (ED) of Royal Perth Hospital, a University teaching hospital. Patients with OHCA of cardiac origin received either 5 g MgSO4 or placebo as first line

  20. Proceedings of ICAD 04-Tenth Meeting of the International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 SPACE, THE FINAL FRONTEARCON: THE IDENTIFICATION OF CONCURRENTLY

    E-print Network

    Williamson, John

    Systems Group Department of Computing Science University of Glasgow Glasgow, Scotland, G12 8QQ {mcgookdk on the guidelines for in- dividual earcon design and presentation of Brewster, Wright and Edwards [1] which were of concurrently pre- sented earcons based on the guidelines of Brewster, Wright and Edwards [1] which were

  1. Proceedings of ICAD 04-The Tenth International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, COGNITIVE ABILITIES, AND THE

    E-print Network

    , July 6-9, 2004 INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, COGNITIVE ABILITIES, AND THE INTERPRETATION OF AUDITORY GRAPHS the relationship between cognitive abilities, demographics, and sonification interpretation. Subjects completed abilities. Demographics, such as gender, age, handedness, and musical experience, were also reported

  2. The use of vintage surficial sediment data and sedimentary cores to determine past and future trends in estuarine metal contamination (Sydney estuary, Australia).

    PubMed

    Birch, G F; Chang, C-H; Lee, J-H; Churchill, L J

    2013-06-01

    The objectives of the present investigation were to determine past trends in sediment contamination and possibly predict future trends. Multiple vintages of surficial sediment metal data, from a quasi-decadal 'Status and Trends' programme, were used to provide large-scale spatial information on current status and temporal change. This information was augmented by sediment cores, specifically located to verify surface sediment data and to determine trends at major points of stormwater discharge. The data obtained indicate that surficial sediment metal concentrations have declined, since about the early 1990s, in extensive parts of the upper and central estuaries and have increased slightly in the lower estuary, due mainly to a down-estuary shift in industry and urbanisation. Declining surficial sediment metal concentrations is due to a movement of industry out of the catchment, especially from foreshore areas and the introduction of regulation, which prevent pollutants being discharged directly to the estuary. The major present-day source of metals is stormwater, with minor inputs from the main estuary channel into embayments and runoff from previously contaminated mainland sites. Modelled relaxation rates are optimistic as high metal concentrations in stormwater will slow predicted rates. Stormwater remediation should be the main managerial focus for this estuary. Multiple vintages of surficial sediment metal data covering the past 30 years, supplemented by sedimentary core data, have allowed past and future contamination trends to be determined. This type of science-based information provides an important tool for strategic management of this iconic waterway. PMID:23570910

  3. Converging Technologies. Selected Papers from the EdTech '90 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology (Sydney, Australia, July 4-6, 1990).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedberg, John G., Ed.; And Others

    This collection contains 30 selected papers and abstracts of six additional papers from the 1990 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology. Titles and authors of the papers are as follows: (1) "Interactive Media into the Millenium" (Clark); (2) "Open Learning Centre Network Project and the Preparatory and Remedial Education…

  4. Picture: Michael J. Black (fith from left) with further awardees of the ICCV Helmholtz Price 2013, awarded December 5th, 2013 in Sydney, Australia.

    E-print Network

    Picture: Michael J. Black (fith from left) with further awardees of the ICCV Helmholtz Price 2013 Successful Hollywood Movies due to Videoanalysis Software ICCV Helmholtz Price honors Michael J. Blacks basic of time" and therefore one of the ICCV Helmholtz Prices 2013 was awarded to Michael J. Black, Managing

  5. C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 329-331.

    E-print Network

    Thomas, Richard C.

    as far as computers and electronic communication are concerned, a central feature of the new global of the top ten software companies are American with the exception of SAP Ag. The majority of Internet and Web-served by the efforts of internationalization of the major software companies. Thus, localized operating systems

  6. Effects of backpacking holidays in Australia on alcohol, tobacco and drug use of UK residents

    PubMed Central

    Bellis, Mark A; Hughes, Karen E; Dillon, Paul; Copeland, Jan; Gates, Peter

    2007-01-01

    Background Whilst alcohol and drug use among young people is known to escalate during short holidays and working breaks in international nightlife resorts, little empirical data are available on the impact of longer backpacking holidays on substance use. Here we examine changes in alcohol, tobacco and drug use when UK residents go backpacking in Australia. Methods Matched information on alcohol and drug use in Australia and the UK was collected through a cross sectional cohort study of 1008 UK nationals aged 18–35 years, holidaying in Sydney or Cairns, Australia, during 2005. Results The use of alcohol and other drugs by UK backpackers visiting Australia was common with use of illicit drugs being substantially higher than in peers of the same age in their home country. Individuals showed a significant increase in frequency of alcohol consumption in Australia compared to their behaviour in the UK with the proportion drinking five or more times per week rising from 20.7% (UK) to 40.3% (Australia). Relatively few individuals were recruited into drug use in Australia (3.0%, cannabis; 2.7% ecstasy; 0.7%, methamphetamine). However, over half of the sample (55.0%) used at least one illicit drug when backpacking. Risk factors for illicit drug use while backpacking were being regular club goers, being male, Sydney based, travelling without a partner or spouse, having been in Australia more than four weeks, Australia being the only destination on their vacation and drinking or smoking five or more days a week. Conclusion As countries actively seek to attract more international backpacker tourists, interventions must be developed that target this population's risk behaviours. Developing messages on drunkenness and other drug use specifically for backpackers could help minimise their health risks directly (e.g. adverse drug reactions) and indirectly (e.g. accidents and violence) as well as negative impacts on the host country. PMID:17199891

  7. Water Ecosystem Services in Northern Australia—How Much Are They Worth and Who Should Pay for Their Provision?

    PubMed Central

    Zander, Kerstin K.; Parkes, Rowena; Straton, Anna; Garnett, Stephen T.

    2013-01-01

    There is ongoing pressure to develop the largely unaltered Daly River catchment in northern Australia for agriculture. However, a choice experiment among people in the region and in Australia’s largest city, Sydney, shows that people are prepared to pay substantial amounts to maintain the quality of its ecosystem services. The total stated willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a Daly River conservation programme was about $300, of which people would be willing to pay over half ($161) if the programme retained waterholes for Aboriginal people in good condition. The WTP for high quality recreational fishing and biodiversity values was $120 and $91 respectively. Using the average cost of a recreational fishing license in Australia ($35) as a basis for grounding the stated preferences in empirical values, as well as the cost of park entry fees and the amount of support society provides to agriculture in Australia, the total amount that the 110,000 people in the region are likely to be willing to pay for the retention of the values in the Daly River catchment is about $6 million, while the 4.5 million people in Sydney would be willing to pay about $81 million. A significant finding in this research is that, while fishing, biodiversity and agricultural values all have equivalents in the market economy, the value for which people were willing to pay most, the cultural value, has no equivalent at all and is thus receives almost no investment. PMID:23717611

  8. Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae) is native to Australia, not New Guinea

    PubMed Central

    Mesibov, Robert; Car, Catherine A.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) is partly redescribed and illustrated. Its native range is shown to be in the cool-climate uplands of New South Wales, Australia. H. luxuriosa was originally labelled as collected by L.M. D’Albertis at Sorong in New Guinea. D’Albertis collected on Sorong Island in 1872 and spent the following year in Sydney, New South Wales, before returning to Europe with his New Guinea specimens. It is possible that D’Albertis himself collected H. luxuriosa in 1873, and that the mislabelling occurred later. PMID:24146549

  9. Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae) is native to Australia, not New Guinea.

    PubMed

    Mesibov, Robert; Car, Catherine A

    2013-01-01

    Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) is partly redescribed and illustrated. Its native range is shown to be in the cool-climate uplands of New South Wales, Australia. H. luxuriosa was originally labelled as collected by L.M. D'Albertis at Sorong in New Guinea. D'Albertis collected on Sorong Island in 1872 and spent the following year in Sydney, New South Wales, before returning to Europe with his New Guinea specimens. It is possible that D'Albertis himself collected H. luxuriosa in 1873, and that the mislabelling occurred later. PMID:24146549

  10. Australia.

    PubMed

    1989-03-01

    The smallest continent and one of the largest countries, Australia is a country of diverse geographical conditions and differing cultures of people unified by one predominant language and political system. Mountains, desert and rivers are some of the varying landscape features of Australia, although the climate and condition for most of the country is tropical. Original Australians, a hunting-gathering people called Aborigines, came to Australia over 38,000 years ago. Today the Aborigines compose about 1% of the population and live in traditional tribal areas as well as cities. The 1st European settlement came in 1788 from Great Britain. After World War II, the population doubled. Although the population is primarily composed of British and Irish immigrants, immigrants from other European countries such as Italy and Greece as well as refugees from Indochina, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos are a significant factor to the growing Australian population. Australian and Aboriginal culture has took hold and took notice in the areas of opera, art, literature and film. The Australian Commonwealth is based on a constitution similar to that of the United States government. The National Parliament is bicameral with both the Senate and the House of Representatives having a select number of elected officials from each state and territory. The Australian economy is predominantly reliant on the sale of mineral and agricultural exports. History, economic changes, defense, international relations and notes to the traveler are also discussed in this overview of Australia. PMID:12177993

  11. Geology of principal Australia coals and coal basins: a review

    SciTech Connect

    Cross, A.T.

    1983-09-01

    Bituminous or subbituminous coals are known from nearly all parts of Australia. Those of greatest economic importance today are found in the Permian and Triassic Bowen and Galilee basins of Queensland and the Sydney-Bowen basin of New South Wales, with some coalfields of lesser significance in the Clarence-Moreton basin in Queensland and New South Wales. Structural, sedimentary, and paleobiologic features of the coal-bearing strata and regional trends of various coal characteristics of some of the principal economic or geologically interesting basins and coals are reviewed and illustrated. These include the Hail Creek syncline, Goonyella, Peak Downs, German Creek, Blackwater, Baralaba, Tolmeis and Moura Mines of the Bowen basin. In New South Wales these include the Hunter Valley area Singleton Coal Measures represented by the Foyebrook-Liddell Seam and Ravensworth mines; the Newcastle area; the Ulan Seam of the Goulburn Valley area; the western shelf area and Sydney-Wollongong region represented by the Illawarra (Permian) Coal Measures which are overlain by the thick Triassic Narrabean Series, Hawksbury Sandstone, and Wianamatta Group. A paleobiologic analysis of the thick brown coal sequences in the Yallourn, Latrobe Valley, and Bacchus Marsh areas of Victoria, and the significance of tectonics in the development of these great coal swamps will be reviewed.

  12. Scholarships Office Jane Foss Russell Building G02

    E-print Network

    Du, Jie

    1 Scholarships Office Level 5 Jane Foss Russell Building G02 The University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia T +61 2 8627 8112 F +61 2 8627 8485 E research.training@sydney.edu.au http://www.sydney.edu.au/scholarships/research/ ABN 15 211 513 464 CRICOS 00026A Website: http://www.sydney.edu.au/scholarships/research/ Opening

  13. P O Box 712 NORTH SYDNEY NSW 2059

    E-print Network

    below) The Australian National University Trading name (if applicable): n/a Total No. of employees: ABN: 522 34063906 ASX Codes for Orgs listed on Aust Stock Exchnge ANZSIC Code AND Industry Description Trading: 3. CONTACT INFORMATION CEO Details Report Contact Details Title (eg Ms, Mr, Dr etc): Professor Ms

  14. A SETI Course at University of Western Sydney Macarthur.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhathal, Ragbir

    1999-01-01

    Describes a course based on the scientific approach to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Explores the biological and technological aspects of the search and the social implications of possible contact. (Author/CCM)

  15. UAC 201314 Guide 365 University of Technology, Sydney

    E-print Network

    New South Wales, University of

    thinking most sought by organisations focused on new frontiers. A suite of new programs coming in 2014 UTS north (Lindfield), UTS Kuring-gai Campus offers Business, Health, Education, Events, Sports, Tourism

  16. Development of stable isotope mixing models in ecology - Sydney

    EPA Science Inventory

    More than 40 years ago, stable isotope analysis methods used in geochemistry began to be applied to ecological studies. One common application is using mathematical mixing models to sort out the proportional contributions of various sources to a mixture. Examples include contri...

  17. Five for Sydney--A Journey through Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    What is science? Depending on who is asked, it may mean the pursuit of knowledge, explanations of the everyday world, a difficult subject at school, or a field populated by larger than life characters such as Einstein, Feynman, or Hawking. For the author, science has been and remains an unexpected journey, an adventure and an ever-changing career.…

  18. Thomas, M. J. W. (2003). Instructional use of error: the challenges facing effective error management in aviation training. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Aviation Psychology Symposium. Sydney, Australia: Australian Aviation Psychology Associat

    E-print Network

    2003-01-01

    processes which promote metacognitive activities such as the reflective analysis of error occurrence a process for fault analysis, Smallwood suggests a five-phase debriefing technique which focuses such an interactive analysis of performance, the trainee and the instructor are able to deconstruct an error event

  19. 2004. SuperSoil 2004: 3rd Australian New Zealand Soils Conference, 5 9 December 2004, University of Sydney, Australia. Published on CDROM. Website www.regional.org.au/au/asssi/

    E-print Network

    Sparks, Donald L.

    and opportunities in basic soil science research and the discipline of soil science Donald L. Sparks S. Hallock duPont Endowed Chair of Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University). Molecular environmental soil science The research challenges and questions we face in soil science occur

  20. STROLL YOUR WAY TO WELL-BEING: A SURVEY OF THE PERCEIVED BENEFITS, BARRIERS, COMMUNITY SUPPORT, AND STIGMA ASSOCIATED WITH PRAM WALKING GROUPS DESIGNED FOR NEW MOTHERS, SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet L. Currie; Elizabeth Develin

    2002-01-01

    In our survey of 500 mothers with children 0-5 years involving telephone interviews (n = 450) and focus groups (n = 50), we showed that 87% of mothers telephone surveyed used a pram for incidental activities, whilst 47% used the pram specifically for exercise. Factors preventing mothers exercising more included poor weather, lack of time, and poor quality paths. Ninety-two

  1. These are the proceedings of the second international workshop on Smart Material Interfaces`(SMI 2013), held in Sydney, Australia on December 13th. This second workshop is held in conjunction

    E-print Network

    Nijholt, Anton

    or stress). Some common smart materials appear in the form of polymers, ceramics, memory metals or hydro textiles, smart textiles, robotics, and relevant developments in materials science, mechanical engineering of `electronic' Origami, the design of smart hair controlled by shape memory alloys, the use of silk

  2. Research and Development in Higher Education. Volume 5. Papers Presented at the Annual Conference of the Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia (8th, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, May 7-10, 1982).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Ian R., Ed.

    Issues and solutions in teaching and learning in higher education are addressed in 28 papers and 6 workshop reports from a 1982 conference of the Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia. Papers are grouped under the major categories of staff development, course evaluation, teaching and learning, and microcomputers in…

  3. Using Computers Intelligently in Tertiary Education. A Collection of Papers Presented to the Australian Society for Computers in Learning (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, November 29-December 3, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrett, John, Ed.; Hedberg, John, Ed.

    The 63 papers in this collection include two keynote addresses: "Patient Simulation Using Interactive Video: An Application" (Joseph V. Henderson), and "Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Practice Opportunities and Explanatory Models" (Alan Lesgold). The remaining papers are grouped under five topics: (1) Artificial Intelligence, including intelligent…

  4. Invited paper, Special Session on Virtual Auditory Space, Proceedings of the First IEEE Pacific-Rim Conference on Multimedia, 13-15 December 2000, Sydney, Australia. 227-230.

    E-print Network

    Shinn-Cunningham, Barbara G.

    the signals at the ears vary with source position in anechoic space. This approach has previously been used made in a reverberant room (reverberation time T60 approximately equal to 450 ms) for sources]). The resulting impulse responses characterize how both the direct and reverberant sound is filtered by the room

  5. MODELLING OF CAVITY RECEIVER HEAT TRANSFER COMPACT LINEAR FRESNEL REFLECTOR

    E-print Network

    South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia Phone +61 2 9385 4093, Fax +61 2 9663 1222, john.pye@student.unsw.edu.au David R Mills Department of Applied Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Phone +61 and the thermal stresses induced by short-cycle movements in the dry-steam point in the tubes. The CLFR is being

  6. Sustained outbreak of measles in New South Wales, 2012: risks for measles elimination in Australia

    PubMed Central

    Hope, Kirsty; Clark, Penelope; Nguyen, Oanh; Rosewell, Alexander; Conaty, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    Objective On 7 April 2012, a recently returned traveller from Thailand to Australia was confirmed to have measles. An outbreak of measles subsequently occurred in the state of New South Wales, prompting a sustained and coordinated response by public health authorities. The last confirmed case presented on 29 November 2012. This report describes the outbreak and its characteristics. Methods Cases were investigated following Australian protocols, including case interviews and assessment of contacts for post-exposure prophylaxis. Results Of the 168 cases identified, most occurred in south-western and western Sydney (92.9%, n = 156). Notable features of this outbreak were the disproportionately high number of cases in the 10–19-year-old age group (29.2%, n = 49), the overrepresentation among people of Pacific Islander descent (21.4%, n = 36) and acquisition in health-care facilities (21.4%, n = 36). There were no reported cases of encephalitis and no deaths. Discussion: This was the largest outbreak of measles in Australia since 1997. Its occurrence highlights the need to maintain vigilant surveillance systems for early detection and containment of measles cases and to maintain high population immunity to measles through routine childhood immunization. Vaccination campaigns targeting susceptible groups may also be necessary to sustain Australia’s measles elimination status. PMID:25635228

  7. Twentieth century toxinology and antivenom development in Australia.

    PubMed

    Winkel, Kenneth D; Mirtschin, Peter; Pearn, John

    2006-12-01

    It was not until the last decade of the 19th century that an experimental approach (led by Bancroft in Queensland and Martin in Sydney and Melbourne) brought a higher plane of scientific objectivity to usher in the modern era of Australian toxinology. This Australia era, 1895-1905, coincided with and in some respects was the result of the new knowledge emerging from Europe and the Americas of the therapeutic effects of antitoxins. The subsequent systematic study of Australian venoms and toxins through to the 1930s and beyond, by Tidswell, Fairley, Ross, Kellaway and Cleland, set the foundation for Australia's leading reputation in venom research. As elsewhere, this development was to revolutionise the medical management of those victims who in the past had died in Australia from our venomous and toxic fauna. Morgan, Graydon, Weiner, Lane and Baxter at the Commonwealth Serum Laboratories emphasised the importance of cooperation between those expert at catching and milking the venomous creatures and those developing the antivenoms. Commercial antivenom manufacture began in Australia in 1930 with the tiger snake antivenom. This was followed by other antivenoms for the other important species (1955: taipan; 1956: brown snake; 1958: death adder; 1959: Papuan black snake; 1961: sea snake; 1962: polyvalent) including the first marine antivenoms in the world (1956: stonefish antivenom; 1970: box jellyfish) culminating, in 1980, with the release of the funnel web spider antivenom. More recent activity has focused on veterinary antivenoms and production of new generation human antivenoms for export (CroFab and ViperaTAB). This paper reviews some of the milestones of Australian toxinology, and antivenom development in particular, during the 20th century. PMID:17030053

  8. Space Radar Image of Canberra, Australia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    Australia's capital city, Canberra, is shown in the center of this spaceborne radar image. Images like this can help urban planners assess land use patterns. Heavily developed areas appear in bright patchwork patterns of orange, yellow and blue. Dense vegetation appears bright green, while cleared areas appear in dark blue or black. Located in southeastern Australia, the site of Canberra was selected as the capital in 1901 as a geographic compromise between Sydney and Melbourne. Design and construction of the city began in 1908 under the supervision of American architect Walter Burley-Griffin. Lake Burley-Griffin is located above and to the left of the center of the image. The bright pink area is the Parliament House. The city streets, lined with government buildings, radiate like spokes from the Parliament House. The bright purple cross in the lower left corner of the image is a reflection from one of the large dish-shaped radio antennas at the Tidbinbilla, Canberra Deep Space Network Communication Complex, operated jointly by NASA and the Australian Space Office. This image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) on April 10, 1994, onboard the space shuttle Endeavour. The image is 28 kilometers by 25 kilometers (17 miles by 15 miles) and is centered at 35.35 degrees south latitude, 149.17 degrees east longitude. North is toward the upper left. The colors are assigned to different radar frequencies and polarizations as follows: red is L-band, horizontally transmitted and received; green is L-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received; and blue is C-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian, and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Office of Mission to Planet Earth.

  9. Molecular Epidemiology of Imported Cases of Leishmaniasis in Australia from 2008 to 2014

    PubMed Central

    Roberts, Tamalee; Barratt, Joel; Sandaradura, Indy; Lee, Rogan; Harkness, John; Marriott, Deborah; Ellis, John; Stark, Damien

    2015-01-01

    Leishmaniasis is a vector borne disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. Human leishmaniasis is not endemic in Australia though imported cases are regularly encountered. This study aimed to provide an update on the molecular epidemiology of imported leishmaniasis in Australia. Of a total of 206 biopsies and bone marrow specimens submitted to St Vincent’s Hospital Sydney for leishmaniasis diagnosis by PCR, 55 were found to be positive for Leishmania DNA. All PCR products were subjected to restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis for identification of the causative species. Five Leishmania species/species complexes were identified with Leishmania tropica being the most common (30/55). Travel or prior residence in a Leishmania endemic region was the most common route of acquisition with ~47% of patients having lived in or travelled to Afghanistan. Cutaneous leishmaniasis was the most common manifestation (94%) with only 3 cases of visceral leishmaniasis and no cases of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis encountered. This report indicates that imported leishmaniasis is becoming increasingly common in Australia due to an increase in global travel and immigration. As such, Australian clinicians must be made aware of this trend and consider leishmaniasis in patients with suspicious symptoms and a history of travel in endemic areas. This study also discusses the recent identification of a unique Leishmania species found in native kangaroos and a potential vector host which could create the opportunity for the establishment of a local transmission cycle within humans. PMID:25734905

  10. The decay of wood in landfills in contrasting climates in Australia.

    PubMed

    Ximenes, Fabiano; Björdal, Charlotte; Cowie, Annette; Barlaz, Morton

    2015-07-01

    Wood products in landfill are commonly assumed to decay within several decades, returning the carbon contained therein to the atmosphere, with about half the carbon released as methane. However, the rate and extent of decay is not well known, as very few studies have examined the decay of wood products in landfills. This study reports on the findings from landfill excavations conducted in the Australian cities of Sydney and Cairns located in temperate and tropical environments, respectively. The objective of this study was to determine whether burial of the wood in warmer, more tropical conditions in Cairns would result in greater levels of decay than occurs in the temperate environment of Sydney. Wood samples recovered after 16-44years in landfill were examined through physical, chemical and microscopic analyses, and compared with control samples to determine the carbon loss. There was typically little or no decay in the wood samples analysed from the landfill in Sydney. Although there was significant decay in rainforest wood species excavated from Cairns, decay levels for wood types that were common to both Cairns and Sydney landfills were similar. The current Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2006) default decay factor for organic materials in landfills is 50%. In contrast, the carbon loss determined for Pinus radiata recovered from Sydney and Cairns landfills was 7.9% and 4.4%, respectively, and 0% for Agathis sp. This suggests that climate did not influence decay, and that the more extensive levels of decay observed for some wood samples from Cairns indicates that those wood types were more susceptible to biodegradation. Microscopic analyses revealed that most decay patterns observed in samples analysed from Sydney were consistent with aerobic fungal decay. Only a minor portion of the microbial decay was due to erosion bacteria active in anaerobic/near anaerobic environments. The findings of this study strongly suggest that models that adopt current accepted default factors for the decay of wood in landfills greatly overestimate methane emissions. PMID:25863766

  11. Molecular Epidemiology and Spatial Distribution of a Waterborne Cryptosporidiosis Outbreak in Australia?

    PubMed Central

    Waldron, Liette S.; Ferrari, Belinda C.; Cheung-Kwok-Sang, Cristel; Beggs, Paul J.; Stephens, Nicola; Power, Michelle L.

    2011-01-01

    Cryptosporidiosis is one of the most common waterborne diseases reported worldwide. Outbreaks of this gastrointestinal disease, which is caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite, are often attributed to public swimming pools and municipal water supplies. Between the months of January and April in 2009, New South Wales, Australia, experienced the largest waterborne cryptosporidiosis outbreak reported in Australia to date. Through the course of the contamination event, 1,141 individuals became infected with Cryptosporidium. Health authorities in New South Wales indicated that public swimming pool use was a contributing factor in the outbreak. To identify the Cryptosporidium species responsible for the outbreak, fecal samples from infected patients were collected from hospitals and pathology companies throughout New South Wales for genetic analyses. Genetic characterization of Cryptosporidium oocysts from the fecal samples identified the anthroponotic Cryptosporidium hominis IbA10G2 subtype as the causative parasite. Equal proportions of infections were found in males and females, and an increased susceptibility was observed in the 0- to 4-year age group. Spatiotemporal analysis indicated that the outbreak was primarily confined to the densely populated coastal cities of Sydney and Newcastle. PMID:21908623

  12. Geothermal structure of Australia's east coast basins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Danis, C. R.; O'Neill, C.

    2010-12-01

    The east coast sedimentary basins of Australia formed on an active margin of eastern Gondwana, and constitute an important hydrocarbon resource. The 1600km long Sydney-Gunnedah-Bowen Basin (SGBB) is largest east coast basin system, with thick Permian to Jurassic sedimentary successions overlying Palaeozoic basement rocks. The SGBB has been the focus of renewed geothermal exploration interest, however, the thermal state and geothermal potential of the system is largely unconstrained. Geothermal exploration programs require an accurate estimate of subsurface temperature information, in addition to favourable geology, to make informed decisions on potential targe developments. Primarily temperature information comes from downhole measurements, generally non-equilibrated, which are traditionally extrapolated to depth, however such extrapolation does not take into account variations in geological structure or thermal conductivity. Here we import deep 3D geological models into finite element conduction simulations, using the code Underworld, to calculate the deep thermal structure of the basin system. Underworld allows us to incorporate complex, detailed geological architecture models, incorporating different material properties for different layers, with variable temperature and depth-dependent properties. We adopt a fixed top boundary temperature on a variable topographic surface, and vary the bottom surface boundary condition, to converge of models which satisfy equilibrated downhole temperature measurement constraints. We find coal plays an important role in insulating sedimentary basins. Heat refracts around the coal interval and produces elevated temperatures beneath thick sediments, especially where thick coal intervals are present. This workflow has been formalized into an Underworld geothermal model library, enabling model centric computational workflows. Using the imported model architecture from the geology, data can be continuously updated and added to the system and models quickly re-run to take advantage of the most up to date information. The thermal models we’ve produced for the SGBB are an efficient regional assessment of the geothermal resource potential in this basin system.

  13. Oregon State University (OSU) Exchange Partner Institutions OSU Partner Institutions Oregon University System Partner Institutions

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    , Beijing Language and Culture University Australia, University of Technology, Sydney Denmark, Copenhagen Ireland, University of Cork South Korea, Hanyang University Ireland, University of Limerick Taiwan, Fu Jen

  14. Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science ??(2002) URL: http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/entcs/volume??.html 11 pages

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Michael

    2002-01-01

    of Mathematics and Computer Science Macquarie University Sydney, Australia Dominic Verity Division of Information Science B. V. #12; Buckland, Johnson and Verity 1 Introduction Higher dimensional automata (HDA

  15. Combining a Climatic Niche Model of an Invasive Fungus with Its Host Species Distributions to Identify Risks to Natural Assets: Puccinia psidii Sensu Lato in Australia

    PubMed Central

    Kriticos, Darren J.; Morin, Louise; Leriche, Agathe; Anderson, Robert C.; Caley, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Puccinia psidii sensu lato (s.l.) is an invasive rust fungus threatening a wide range of plant species in the family Myrtaceae. Originating from Central and South America, it has invaded mainland USA and Hawai'i, parts of Asia and Australia. We used CLIMEX to develop a semi-mechanistic global climatic niche model based on new data on the distribution and biology of P. psidii s.l. The model was validated using independent distribution data from recently invaded areas in Australia, China and Japan. We combined this model with distribution data of its potential Myrtaceae host plant species present in Australia to identify areas and ecosystems most at risk. Myrtaceaeous species richness, threatened Myrtaceae and eucalypt plantations within the climatically suitable envelope for P. psidii s.l in Australia were mapped. Globally the model identifies climatically suitable areas for P. psidii s.l. throughout the wet tropics and sub-tropics where moist conditions with moderate temperatures prevail, and also into some cool regions with a mild Mediterranean climate. In Australia, the map of species richness of Myrtaceae within the P. psidii s.l. climatic envelope shows areas where epidemics are hypothetically more likely to be frequent and severe. These hotspots for epidemics are along the eastern coast of New South Wales, including the Sydney Basin, in the Brisbane and Cairns areas in Queensland, and in the coastal region from the south of Bunbury to Esperance in Western Australia. This new climatic niche model for P. psidii s.l. indicates a higher degree of cold tolerance; and hence a potential range that extends into higher altitudes and latitudes than has been indicated previously. The methods demonstrated here provide some insight into the impacts an invasive species might have within its climatically suited range, and can help inform biosecurity policies regarding the management of its spread and protection of valued threatened assets. PMID:23704988

  16. The Possibility of Cosmopolitan Learning: Reflecting on Future Directions for Diversity Teacher Education in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Carol; Sriprakash, Arathi

    2012-01-01

    This paper is situated in the re-visioning ethos that has been part of the genealogy of multicultural education. In the context of teacher education, the authors ask: where to now? In this paper, they reflect on their design and delivery of a new undergraduate unit offered by the School of Education, University of Western Sydney. The unit…

  17. The occurrence of Lymnaea (pseudosuccinea) columella, an intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica, in Australia.

    PubMed

    Ponder, W F

    1975-10-01

    An established population of the eastern North American freshwater snail Lymnaea (Pseudosuccinea) columella Say is reported from Middle Creek and Centennial Park, Sydney. This species is an important intermediate host of the liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica Linné) and its introduction and spread in New Zealand has resulted in an increase in the liver fluke problem in New Zealand. PMID:1200931

  18. Long-term effectiveness of mass media led antismoking campaigns in Australia.

    PubMed Central

    Pierce, J P; Macaskill, P; Hill, D

    1990-01-01

    A community antismoking campaign began in Sydney, Australia in 1983, and in Melbourne in 1984. These campaigns purchased prime-time television advertising spots to set the community agenda. An intense effort was made to ensure that antismoking activities were maximized at the school, organizational, and community level. Smoking prevalences in both cities from 1981 were fitted with a statistical model to identify any underlying trend, to assess any immediate impact, and to assess the longer term effect of continuing to conduct such campaigns, i.e. to identify any change in the underlying trend. During the years before the antismoking campaigns, there was no observable trend in smoking prevalence in either city. At the beginning of the campaigns, there was an immediate drop of more than two percentage points in male and female smoking prevalence in both cities. Thereafter, a decline of about 1.5 percentage points per year was observed among males. No post campaign trend was observed in smoking prevalence for women in either city. These data support conducting coordinated community campaigns to reduce current smoking prevalence. PMID:2327533

  19. Recruiting and retaining general practitioners to a primary care asthma-intervention study in Australia.

    PubMed

    Shah, Smita; Roydhouse, Jessica K; Toelle, Brett G; Mellis, Craig M; Jenkins, Christine R; Edwards, Peter; Sawyer, Susan M

    2014-01-01

    The need for more evidence-based interventions in primary care is clear. However, it is challenging to recruit general practitioners (GPs) for interventional research. This paper reports on the evaluation of three methods of recruitment that were sequentially used to recruit GPs for a randomised controlled trial of an asthma communication and education intervention in Australia. The recruitment methods (RMs) were: general practices were contacted by project staff from a Department of General Practice, University of Sydney (RM1); general practices were contacted by staff from an independent research organisation (RM2); and general practices were contacted by a medical peer (chief investigator) (RM3). A GP was defined as 'recruited' once they consented and were randomised to a group, and 'retained' if they provided baseline data and did not notify staff of their intention to withdraw at any time during the 12-month study. RM1 was used for the first 6 months, during which 34 (4%) GPs were recruited and 21 (62%) retained from a total of 953 invitations. RM2 was then used for the next 5 months, during which 32 (6%) GPs were recruited and 26 (81%) were retained. Finally over the next 7 months, RM3 recruited 84 (12%) GPs and retained 75 (89%) GPs. In conclusion, use of a medical peer as the first contact was associated with the highest recruitment and retention rate. PMID:23257505

  20. Sharing beliefs: what sexuality means to Muslim Iranian women living in Australia.

    PubMed

    Merghati Khoei, Effat; Whelan, Anna; Cohen, Jeffrey

    2008-04-01

    In Iran, women's sexual self-understandings are strongly determined by religious teaching. This study explores the meanings generated through the lived experience of sexuality of women residing in Australia that may challenge certain received Islamic notions of sexuality. Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 51 Iranian women in Sydney alongside 10 semi-structured interviews with Shi'ite clergy in Iran. Findings suggest that the concept of sexual obedience within marriage is regarded as symbolic of an idealised Muslim femininity. Sexual obedience demonstrates women's high level of religious commitment but is also an indicator of modesty and self-respect. While some participants felt that it was a woman's duty to satisfy her husband on any sexual occasion, they did not utilize notions of subordination in their sexual lives. For other informants, however, concepts of subordination were more salient and tied to conservative religious leaders' interpretations of Quranic concepts and Iranian women's understandings of these same interpretations. Religion is an important factor influencing Iranian women's sexual self-understandings, being relevant both to sexual education and public health. Recognition of this issue will facilitate understanding of the cultural foundations of sexuality among Muslims and assist health providers in suggesting more culturally compatible forms of healthcare. PMID:18432423

  1. Surface elevation dynamics in a regenerating mangrove forest at Homebush Bay, Australia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rogers, K.; Saintilan, N.; Cahoon, D.

    2005-01-01

    Following the dieback of an interior portion of a mangrove forest at Homebush Bay, Australia, surface elevation tables and feldspar marker horizons were installed in the impacted, intermediate and control forest to measure vertical accretion, elevation change, and shallow subsidence. The objectives of the study were to determine current vertical accretion and elevation change rates as a guide to understanding mangrove dieback, ascertain the factors controlling surface elevation change, and investigate the sustainability of the mangrove forest under estimated sea-level rise conditions. The study demonstrates that the influences on surface dynamics are more complex than soil accretion and soil autocompaction alone. During strong vegetative regrowth in the impacted forest, surface elevation increase exceeded vertical accretion apparently as a result of belowground biomass production. In addition, surface elevation in all forest zones was correlated with total monthly rainfall during a severe El Ni?o event, highlighting the importance of rainfall to groundwater recharge and surface elevation. Surface elevation increase for all zones exceeded the 85-year sea level trend for Sydney Harbour. Since mean sea-level also decreased during the El Ni?o event, the decrease in surface elevation did not translate to an increase in inundation frequency or influence the sustainability of the mangrove forest. These findings indicate that subsurface soil processes such as organic matter accumulation and groundwater flux can significantly influence mangrove surface elevation, and contribute to the long-term sustainability of mangrove systems under a scenario of rising sea levels.

  2. Evaluating rainwater contamination and sources in southeast Australia using factor analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bridgman, Howard A.

    Factor analysis is used to evaluate inorganic ion relationships to provide a qualitative determination of continental sources of rainwater contamination in the Hunter Region, New South Wales, Australia. The rain water was collected between October 1984 and March 1986 at 32 sites and forms the database for the Hunter Region Acid Rain Project. The results show that soil and animal/fertilizer sources determine rainwater quality over most of the Hunter Region, and dominate as the major sources when the entire data set is analysed as a whole. When individual sites are analysed, the industrial emissions factor is important at six adjacent locations in the Middle Hunter, suggesting some transport of sulphate and nitrate from industrial sources 50 to 80 km to the east and southeast may be occurring. Factor analysis by rainfall event provides similar results to site analysis, with only 4 events out of 34 dominated by the industrial emissions factor. The results indicate that rainwater quality is influenced by local and regional sources, and not by long-range transport from Sydney, 175 km to the south. Comparison of the Hunter Region ion relationships to those from a more heavily acidic area, the northeast U.S.A. (MAP3S/RAINE Network), demonstrate some similarities in associations but the correlations associated with the hydrogen ion are better defined in the U.S. data set.

  3. Copyright 2006 Psychonomic Society, Inc. 726 2006, ?? (?), ???-???

    E-print Network

    Mozer, Michael C.

    , Macquarie Univer- sity, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia (e-mail: sachiko@maccs.mq.edu.au or mozer SACHIKO KINOSHITA Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia and MICHAEL C. MOZER University proposed by Mozer, Kinoshita, and Davis (2003), termed the adaptation-to-the-statistics-of- the

  4. Books

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emma Grahame; Anna Yeatman; Susan Magarey; Lynette Finch; Tim Rowse; Andrew Markus; John Chesterman; Alan Atkinson; James Bennett; Peter Love; David Day; Fiona Paisley; Deborah Bird Rose; J. M. Arthur; Martin Sullivan; Grace Karskens; Donald Denoon; Nicholas Brown; Carole Ferrier; Lyndall Ryan; Brian H. Fletcher; Theresa Wyborn; Tim Murray; John Lack

    1998-01-01

    Freedom Bound I: Documents on Women in Colonial Australia. Edited by Patricia Grimshaw, Susan Janson and Marian Quartly. Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1995. Pp. xi + 193. $22.95 paper.Freedom Bound II: Documents on Women in Modern Australia. Edited by Marilyn Lake and Katie Holmes. Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1995. Pp. xii + 208. $22.95 paper.A Woman's Constitution? Gender and History

  5. The Brain and Mind Research Institute: A Unique Campus for the Integration of Clinical and Basic Neurosciences in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian Hickie; Maxwell Bennett

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this paper is to describe the conceptual and practical development of the Brain and Mind Research Institute (BMRI) at the University of Sydney.Method: The key conceptual framework of the BMRI is reviewed and contrasted with other biomedical institutes. The major timelines for appointment of key personnel, development of infrastructure and implementation of clinical capacities are presented.Results:

  6. 2008 The Economic Society of Australia doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4932.2008.00483.x

    E-print Network

    Botea, Adi

    to regulate total consumption versus mandatory water restrictions for the period 2004/2005. The loss by measuring the loss in Marshallian surplus associated with mandatory water restrictions in Sydney over that have tried to estimate the welfare losses associated with water rationing. Section III presents our

  7. Permian U-Pb (CA-TIMS) zircon ages from Australia and China: Constraining the time scale of environmental and biotic change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denyszyn, S. W.; Mundil, R.; Metcalfe, I.; He, B.

    2010-12-01

    In eastern Australia, the interconnected Bowen and Sydney Basins are filled with terrestrial sediments of late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic age. These sedimentary units record significant evolutionary events of eastern Gondwana during the time interval between two major mass extinctions (end Middle Permian and Permian-Triassic), and also provide lithological evidence for the Carboniferous-Permian Late Paleozoic Ice Age of southern Pangea, considered to be divisible into up to seven discrete glaciation events in Australia [e.g., 1]. These glaciations are currently assigned ages that indicate that the last of the glaciations predate the end Middle Permian mass extinction at ca. 260 Ma. However, the estimates for the time and durations are largely based on biostratigraphy and lithostratigraphy that, in the absence of robust and precise radioisotopic ages, are unacceptably fragile for providing an accurate high-resolution framework. Interbedded with the sediments are numerous tuff layers that contain zircon, many of which are associated with extensive coal measures in the Sydney and Bowen Basins. Published SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages [2, 3] have been shown to be less precise and inaccurate when compared to ages applying the CA-TIMS method to the same horizons. Also within the late Middle Permian, the eruption of the Emeishan flood basalts in SW China has been proposed to have caused the end Middle Permian mass extinction [e.g., 4], though a causal link between these events demands a rigorous test that can only be provided by high-resolution geochronology. We present new U-Pb (CA-TIMS) zircon ages on tuff layers from the Sydney and Bowen Basins, with the purpose of generating a timescale for the Upper Permian of Australia to allow correlation with different parts of the world. Initial results, with permil precision, date a tuff layer within the uppermost Bandanna Fm. to ca. 252 Ma, a tuff within the Moranbah Coal Measures to ca. 256 Ma, and a tuff within the Ingelara Fm. to ca. 257 Ma, the latter two units lying stratigraphically below the latest identified glacial deposits. U-Pb (CA-TIMS) results on zircons from the Emeishan flood basalts and related volcanic products confirm the end-Guadalupian age (ca. 260 Ma) of the magmatism, and based on present data, place the Emeishan volcanic event (and its possibly associated mass extinction) within the occurrence of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age. This study’s primary goal is the establishment of a chronostratigraphic framework that would allow the integration of calibrated records from both terrestrial and marine units from different parts of the world in order to constrain the timing and rates of extinctions and recoveries in different locations and physical environments. [1] Fielding et al. (2008), J. Geol Soc. Lon., v. 165, pp. 129-140 [2] Michaelsen et al. (2001), Aus. J. Earth Sci., v. 48, pp. 183-192 [3] Roberts et al. (1996), Aus. J. Earth Sci., v. 43, pp. 401-421 [4] He et al. (2007), EPSL, v. 255, pp. 306-323

  8. Statistical Testing of Dynamically Downscaled Rainfall Data for the East Coast of Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parana Manage, Nadeeka; Lockart, Natalie; Willgoose, Garry; Kuczera, George

    2015-04-01

    This study performs a validation of statistical properties of downscaled climate data, concentrating on the rainfall which is required for hydrology predictions used in reservoir simulations. The data sets used in this study have been produced by the NARCliM (NSW/ACT Regional Climate Modelling) project which provides a dynamically downscaled climate dataset for South-East Australia at 10km resolution. NARCliM has used three configurations of the Weather Research Forecasting Regional Climate Model and four different GCMs (MIROC-medres 3.2, ECHAM5, CCCMA 3.1 and CSIRO mk3.0) from CMIP3 to perform twelve ensembles of simulations for current and future climates. Additionally to the GCM-driven simulations, three control run simulations driven by the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis for the entire period of 1950-2009 has also been performed by the project. The validation has been performed in the Upper Hunter region of Australia which is a semi-arid to arid region 200 kilometres North-West of Sydney. The analysis used the time series of downscaled rainfall data and ground based measurements for selected Bureau of Meteorology rainfall stations within the study area. The initial testing of the gridded rainfall was focused on the autoregressive characteristics of time series because the reservoir performance depends on long-term average runoffs. A correlation analysis was performed for fortnightly, monthly and annual averaged time resolutions showing a good statistical match between reanalysis and ground truth. The spatial variation of the statistics of gridded rainfall series were calculated and plotted at the catchment scale. The spatial correlation analysis shows a poor agreement between NARCliM data and ground truth at each time resolution. However, the spatial variability plots show a strong link between the statistics and orography at the catchment scale.

  9. Beyond the Biomedical Paradigm: The Formation and Development of Indigenous Community-Controlled Health Organizations in Australia.

    PubMed

    Khoury, Peter

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the formation and development of Aboriginal Community-Controlled Health Services in Australia, with emphasis on the Redfern Aboriginal Medical Service in Sydney. These organizations were established in the 1970s by Indigenous Australians who were excluded from and denied access to mainstream health services. The aim of this research was to explore notions of Indigenous agency against a historical backdrop of dispossession, colonialism, and racism. Aboriginal Community-Controlled Health Services act as a primary source of healthcare for many Indigenous communities in rural and urban areas. This study examined their philosophy of healthcare, the range of services provided, their problems with state bureaucracies and government funding bodies, and the imposition of managerialist techniques and strategies on their governance. Essentially, these organizations transcend individualistic, biomedical, and bureaucratic paradigms of health services by conceptualizing and responding to Indigenous health needs at a grassroots level and in a broad social and political context. They are based on a social model of health. PMID:26077856

  10. Surface wetlands for the treatment of pathogens in stormwater: three case studies at Lake Macquarie, NSW, Australia.

    PubMed

    Méndez, H; Geary, P M; Dunstan, R H

    2009-01-01

    The treatment of stormwater using surface constructed wetlands has become common in the last decades. However, the use of constructed wetlands for stormwater management has not been thoroughly evaluated in their capacity to treat microbial loads. The case studies presented in this paper are situated at Lake Macquarie, a large estuarine lagoon located approximately 150 km north of Sydney, Australia. To protect the lake ecosystem from the impact of increasing urban development, the local Council constructed numerous stormwater quality improvement devices (SQIDs) at selected locations. The SQIDs typically consisted of trash racks, gross pollutant traps and surface constructed wetlands. To evaluate the effectiveness of three of these devices in reducing faecal contamination, water samples were collected for faecal coliforms (FC) during and following rainfall at inlets and outlets of the structures. Results indicated one of the SQIDs as the most efficient for bacterial reduction, while the other two provided low or non reduction of FC. Results also illustrated dependence of bacteria reduction on flow conditions. Comparison of devices suggested that hydraulic residence times and other design parameters strongly influenced the capacity of each device to reduce FC counts during different weather conditions. PMID:19717913

  11. The application of in-situ stress measurement and numerical stress analysis to coalbed methane exploration in Australia

    SciTech Connect

    Enever, J.R.; Bocking, M.A.; Clark, I.H.

    1994-12-31

    Exploration for coalbed methane in Australia has evolved over the past few years to a point where the focus is very largely on the targeting of regions of relatively higher permeability. Gas content has generally been found to be adequate enough to encourage commercial development. Permeability has, however, often been found to be too low by comparison with overseas experience to suggest commercially viable gas production rates. The unraveling of an understanding of coal permeability and its relationship to the geological environment is being helped by the application of in situ stress measurement (conducted in coal and associated sediments) and numerical stress analysis. Knowledge of the in-situ stress field becomes a means by which to quantify the relationship between coal permeability and the related structural geological framework, leading ultimately to a better basis to guide the development of exploration strategies. This paper describes the results of in-situ stress measurements conducted in a number of coalbed methane exploration holes in the Sydney Basin and associated stress analyses conducted to examine the influence of in-situ stress and geological structure on coal steam permeability as measured by well test.

  12. The efficiency of removal of lead and other elements from domestic drinking waters using a bench-top water filter system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian L. Gulson; Ann Sheehan; Angela M. Giblin; Massimo Chiaradia; Berti Conradt

    1997-01-01

    The efficiency of removal of lead (Pb) and other elements from natural drinking waters using a bench-top water filter system was evaluated in three recently-built houses in Sydney, Australia, and two from rural centres. In addition, one filter system was tested for copper (Cu), Pb and cadmium (Cd) under rigorously-controlled laboratory conditions using Sydney water. For two Sydney houses, the

  13. The human and animal health impacts of introduction and spread of an exotic strain of West Nile virus in Australia.

    PubMed

    Hernández-Jover, Marta; Roche, Sharon; Ward, Michael P

    2013-05-01

    Vector-borne diseases can have substantial impacts on human and animal health, including major epidemics. West Nile virus (WNV) is of particular international importance due to its recent emergence and impact in the Western Hemisphere. Despite the presence of a sub-type of WNV (Kunjin virus, KUN) in Australia, a potential ecological niche could be occupied by an exotic strain of WNV of the North American type. This study assesses the probability an exotic strain of WNV enters Australia via an infected mosquito in an aircraft from the United States (U.S.) landing at Sydney airport, the probability it spreads to susceptible species and the impact of the resulting outbreak on human and animal health. A release, exposure and consequence assessment were conducted using expert opinion and scientific literature to parameterise the inputs for the models (OIE, 2009). Following establishment of WNV in Australia, the spatio-temporal spread of WNV was predicted over a six year period based on the Australian human and equine populations at-risk, the known distribution of other mosquito-borne flaviviruses in Australia, climatic factors, and the spread of WNV in the U.S. following it's incursion in New York City in 1999. The impact of this spread was measured as a multiplier of human and equine demographics using the U.S. incidence and case fatality rates as a reference. For an 8 month period from September to April (considering seasonal impact on mosquito activity during the coldest months in Australia and the U.S.), and assuming WNV is endemic in the U.S., the median probability an infected mosquito is introduced is 0.17, and the median number of infected mosquitoes introduced is predicted to be zero, with a 95th percentile range of one. The overall probability of a WNV outbreak (WNV released into Australia, susceptible hosts exposed and the virus spread) occurring in the human and the horse population during this time period is estimated to be 7.0×10(-6) and 3.9×10(-6), respectively. These values are largely influenced by the presence of mosquitoes in aircrafts and whether the introduced infected mosquito contacts wild birds. Results of this study suggest there is a low risk of introduction and spread of an exotic strain of WNV from the U.S via aircraft, and provides an insight into the magnitude and impact of the spread among human and horse populations. The generic framework presented could be applied to assess the potential introduction of other mosquito-borne diseases (which involve a wild bird transmission cycle) via international aircraft movements. PMID:23098914

  14. The University of Sydney MATH2068/2988 Number Theory and Cryptography

    E-print Network

    Howlett, Robert Brian

    ://www.maths.usyd.edu.au/u/UG/IM/MATH2068/) Semester 2, 2014 Lecturer: A. Fish Computer Tutorial 1 The purpose of this introductory computer will not have to learn very much about it. Start MAGMA by clicking the menu item. At the prompt ( > ) type print will see that MAGMA evaluates 4 times 3, and 10 + 20, and 53 , and prints the answers. The word "print

  15. The University of Sydney MATH2068/2988 Number Theory and Cryptography

    E-print Network

    Howlett, Robert Brian

    ://www.maths.usyd.edu.au/u/UG/IM/MATH2068/) Semester 2, 2013 Lecturer: A. Fish Computer Tutorial 1 The purpose of this introductory computer will not have to learn very much about it. Start MAGMA by clicking the menu item. At the prompt ( > ) type print will see that MAGMA evaluates 4 times 3, and 10 + 20, and 53 , and prints the answers. The word "print

  16. The University of Sydney MATH2068/2988 Number Theory and Cryptography

    E-print Network

    Howlett, Robert Brian

    ://www.maths.usyd.edu.au/u/UG/IM/MATH2068/) Semester 2, 2013 Lecturer: A. Fish Computer Tutorial 3 Start MAGMA and type load "tut3data.) Get MAGMA to print your enciphered message, and check by hand that it is right. (Commands like in the alphabet.) Type m:=InverseKey(k);, then print m and check that it is right. Finally, check that the command

  17. Evaluation of the MindMatters Buddy Support Scheme in Southwest Sydney: Strategies, Achievements and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Raquiba J.; Bedford, Karen; Williams, Mandy

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Assessing the strategies, achievements and challenges of implementing MindMatters and the views of partner schools towards the buddy support scheme. Design: The MindMatters buddy support scheme (2007-2008) was designed to increase the capacity of secondary schools to adopt a whole-school approach to improving health and well-being of…

  18. Uptake of some dissolved organic nutrients by the Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea commercialis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. A. Nell; M. E. Skeel; P. Dunkley

    1983-01-01

    The uptake of D-glucose, L-methionine, L-lysine·HCl, myo-inositol and choline chloride in estuarine water by oysters was studied. All nutrients were absorbed, but only the uptake of L-methionine, L-lysine·HCl and choline chloride was likely to have been nutritionally significant. At low estuarine water nutrient concentrations, active absorption was observed for all nutrients, but in the case of high D-glucose and myo-inositol

  19. Student Engagement at Two Single-Sex Colleges: Hampden-Sydney and Sweet Briar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simms, Edith L.

    2010-01-01

    Since the 1960s the higher educational system in the United States has steadily lost its single-sex colleges; and as of 2008 only 51 women's and four men's institutions remain (National Center for Educational Statistics, 2008). Many of the previous single-sex schools have admitted members of the opposite sex, giving in to the national trend of…

  20. Use of surface waves for geotechnical engineering applications in Western Sydney

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tokeshi, K.; Harutoonian, P.; Leo, C. J.; Liyanapathirana, S.

    2013-06-01

    Current in situ methods used to geotechnically characterize the ground are predominantly based on invasive mechanical techniques (e.g. CPT, SPT, DMT). These techniques are localized to the tested area thus making it quite time consuming and costly to extensively cover large areas. Hence, a study has been initiated to investigate the use of the non-invasive Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) and Multichannel Simulation with One Receiver (MSOR) techniques to provide both an evaluation of compacted ground and a general geotechnical site characterization. The MASW technique relies on the measurement of active ambient vibrations generated by sledgehammer hits to the ground. Generated vibrations are gathered by interconnected electromagnetic geophones set up in the vertical direction and in a linear array at the ground surface with a constant spacing. The MSOR technique relies on one sensor, one single geophone used as the trigger, and multiple impacts are delivered on a steel plate at several distances in a linear array. The main attributes of these non-invasive techniques are the cost effectiveness and time efficiency when compared to current in situ mechanical invasive methods. They were applied to infer the stiffness of the ground layers by inversion of the phase velocity dispersion curves to derive the shear wave velocity (Vs) profile. The results produced by the MASW and the MSOR techniques were verified against independent mechanical Cone Penetration Test (CPT) and Standard Penetration Test (SPT) data. This paper identifies that the MASW and the MSOR techniques could be potentially useful and powerful tools in the evaluation of the ground compaction and general geotechnical site characterization.

  1. NICTA has five laboratories in four cities: Brisbane, Canberra, Sydney and Melbourne.

    E-print Network

    Heiser, Gernot

    industry, the community and the national interest. Since NICTA's inception in 2002, NICTA has built strong and Environment. NICTA researchers work on Business Team projects supported by: · An Engineering and Technology excellence and generates breakthroughs. NICTA technology is in over 1.5 billion mobile devices through our

  2. University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 14 3. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    of the campus is an eclectic mix of buildings, open spaces, tree- lined avenues and internal streets. With increasing development of the campus the amount of open space has declined. The physical layout and Shepherd Streets. The Institute Building (the former Deaf Dumb and Blind Institute) was excluded from

  3. Equity and Local Participation in VET: Some Preliminary Findings in Sydney Postcodes. Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntyre, John

    More attention should be given to the local dimension of equity research. A question that must be asked is to what extent there is an unequal distribution of opportunities to participate in vocational education and training (VET) that is mirrored by area of residence in both urban and rural localities. Questions must also be asked about the extent…

  4. The Sydney Holocaust Study: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Other Psychosocial Morbidity in an Aged Community Sample

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charmaine Joffe; Henry Brodaty; Georgina Luscombe; Frederick Ehrlich

    2003-01-01

    We investigated the psychological status and social functioning of Holocaust survivors. From 814 responses to a community survey of Jewish elders (aged 60 years or older), survivors (n = 100), refugees who had not experienced the Holocaust (n = 50), and Australian\\/English-born persons (n = 50), were randomly selected for semistructured interview, which included Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) assessment, ratings

  5. Basel Freiburg Paris London New York Bangalore Bangkok Shanghai Singapore Tokyo Sydney

    E-print Network

    Chapeau-Blondeau, François

    , such as myogenic activity, respiratory and heart rates. Many FCs were evidenced in laser Doppler tracings derived) was reduced compared with the heart rate-related component. The endothelium-dependent and independent dilation SIGNALS A Stefanovska Dept. of Physics, Lancaster Univ., Lancaster, UK., Fac. of Electrical Engineering

  6. Walking for Transport and Health: Trends in Sydney in the Last Decade

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Grace Corpuz; Annette Ha; Dafna Merom

    Transport planners have historically advocated for an increase in the use of sustainable modes of transport such as walking to reduce the adverse environmental impact from a rising trend in private vehicle use. In recent years, health practitioners have participated in this campaign after recognising the health benefits that can be gained from active modes of transport. Thus, there was

  7. Effects of fire intensity on plant species composition of sandstone communities in the Sydney region

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David A. Morrison

    2002-01-01

    Fire intensity measures the heat output of a fire, and variation in fire intensity has been shown to have many effects on the demography of plant species, although the consequent effects on the floristic composition of communities have rarely been quantified. The effects of variation in fire intensity on the floristic composition of dry sclerophyll vegetation with different fire histories

  8. The Spectrums of Mean Sea Level at Sydney, Coff's Harbour, and Lord Howe Island

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. V. Hamon

    1962-01-01

    Daily mean sea levels for the period July 1957 to December 1958 were first ad- justed to correspond to a fixed value of atmospheric pressure. The spectrums and cross spec- trums, coherences and phase differences of the adjusted sea' levels were computed for periods between 2 and 60 days. Spectrums of atmospheric pressure were also computed. The atmospheric pressure spectrums

  9. ‘It sounds like they shouldn't be here’: immigration checks on the streets of Sydney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leanne Weber

    2011-01-01

    Australian state police have historically held wide-ranging powers which reflect their origins as all-encompassing administrators and agents of control over unruly colonial subjects. Contemporary police powers to stop and question individuals to establish whether they are lawfully present stem from at least 1958 when they were incorporated into section 188 of the Migration Act. There is no official monitoring of

  10. A standardized mouse model of Helicobacter pylori infection: Introducing the Sydney strain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Lee; J O'Rourke; MC De Ungria; B Robertson; G Daskalopoulos; MF Dixon

    1997-01-01

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Currently available Helicobacter pylori models show variable and, in some instances, poor colonization. There is a need for a strain with high colonizing ability to act as a standard for animal studies. METHODS: After screening a range of fresh clinical isolates and long-term adaptation in mice, a strain of H. pylon has been isolated with a very

  11. The role of phenoloxidase suppression in QX disease outbreaks among Sydney rock oysters

    E-print Network

    Raftos, David

    ). Mortality rates in QX- affected estuaries of up to 98% occur during summer months (January to April on the removal of oysters from the water in QX prone estuaries during the infective period. An attempt is being

  12. IAU XXV General Assembly, Sydney Stars as Suns: Activity, Evolution, and Planets

    E-print Network

    Berdyugina, Svetlana

    Gauss, to which Zeeman e#11;ect observations are practically blind, but which are clearly detected, Berdyugina et al. 2002). We compute the degree of linear polarization as Q I = qWHW 2 I #3;vJ ' ; (1) where Q.2. The intrinsic line polarizability W 2 depends only on the J quantum number of the energy levels involved

  13. Systemic Inflammation Is Associated with MCI and Its Subtypes: The Sydney Memory and Aging Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julian N. Trollor; Evelyn Smith; Bernhard T. Baune; Nicole A. Kochan; Lesley Campbell; Katherine Samaras; John Crawford; Henry Brodaty; Perminder Sachdev

    2010-01-01

    Background\\/Aims: Raised low-grade systemic inflammation has been associated with dementia, and preliminary studies suggest an association with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study examines the relationship between systemic inflammation and MCI subtypes. Methods: We measured the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein, interleukins (IL)-1?, -6, -8, -10 and -12, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), serum amyloid A (SAA), tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) and

  14. Heart research advances using database search engines, Human Protein Atlas and the Sydney Heart Bank.

    PubMed

    Li, Amy; Estigoy, Colleen; Raftery, Mark; Cameron, Darryl; Odeberg, Jacob; Pontén, Fredrik; Lal, Sean; Dos Remedios, Cristobal G

    2013-10-01

    This Methodological Review is intended as a guide for research students who may have just discovered a human "novel" cardiac protein, but it may also help hard-pressed reviewers of journal submissions on a "novel" protein reported in an animal model of human heart failure. Whether you are an expert or not, you may know little or nothing about this particular protein of interest. In this review we provide a strategic guide on how to proceed. We ask: How do you discover what has been published (even in an abstract or research report) about this protein? Everyone knows how to undertake literature searches using PubMed and Medline but these are usually encyclopaedic, often producing long lists of papers, most of which are either irrelevant or only vaguely relevant to your query. Relatively few will be aware of more advanced search engines such as Google Scholar and even fewer will know about Quertle. Next, we provide a strategy for discovering if your "novel" protein is expressed in the normal, healthy human heart, and if it is, we show you how to investigate its subcellular location. This can usually be achieved by visiting the website "Human Protein Atlas" without doing a single experiment. Finally, we provide a pathway to discovering if your protein of interest changes its expression level with heart failure/disease or with ageing. PMID:23856366

  15. Sydney epilepsy incidence study to measure illness consequences: the SESIMIC observational epilepsy study protocol

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maree L Hackett; Nicholas S Glozier; Alexandra L Martiniuk; Stephen Jan; Craig S Anderson

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Epilepsy affects an estimated 50 million people and accounts for approximately 1% of days lost to ill health globally, making it one of the most common, serious neurological disorders. While there are abundant global data on epilepsy incidence, prevalence and treatment, there is a paucity of Australian incidence data. There is also a general lack of information on the

  16. Interaction differences in web search and browse logs Paul Thomas

    E-print Network

    Thomas, Paul

    Interaction differences in web search and browse logs Paul Thomas CSIRO Canberra, Australia paul.thomas@csiro CSIRO Sydney, Australia cecile.paris@csiro.au Abstract We use logfiles from two web servers (pub- lic

  17. 75 FR 28616 - Notice of Proposals to Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or to Acquire Companies that...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ...Ivan Hurwitz, Vice President) 33 Liberty Street, New York, New York 10045-0001: 1. Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Sydney, Australia; to acquire approximately 8.9 percent of the voting shares of Air Lease Corporation, Los Angeles,...

  18. Starting Antiretroviral Treatment Early Improves Outcomes for HIV-Infected Individuals

    MedlinePLUS

    ... AIDS Treatment Network and government organizations based in Australia, Denmark, and the United Kingdom. The Medical Research ... the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia; and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center affiliated with ...

  19. Vitamin Supplement Linked to Reduction in Skin Cancer Risk

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. Skin cancer is the most common form of ... B.S., Ph.D., professor, dermatology, University of Sydney, Australia; Peter Yu, M.D., director, cancer research, Palo ...

  20. How Do Pre-Service Teachers Cope with a Literacy Intervention Program in a Remote Indigenous Community? The Community Action Support Program in the Northern Territory, Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naidoo, Loshini

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines a new community education initiative, Community Action Support (CAS) that helps facilitate learning in Indigenous young people from Tennant Creek in the Northern Territory. CAS is an innovative partnership program between the Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation and the University of Western Sydney. The core aim of the…

  1. Persistent organochlorine pesticides in human milk samples from Australia.

    PubMed

    Mueller, Jochen F; Harden, Fiona; Toms, Leisa-Maree; Symons, Robert; Fürst, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Human milk has been used as a surrogate for the assessment of body burden and exposure to persistent lipophilic organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). With the exception of restricted use of mirex, the use of persistent, lipophilic OCPs has been banned in Australia since the 1980s. The decline of human body burden of OCPs following their ban in many industrialised countries is well recorded worldwide from the 1970s until the 1990s though little is known on whether these trends are continuing. In this study, 157 human milk samples collected during 2002 and 2003 as well as 24 samples collected in 1993 were analysed as 20 regional pools for 17 OCPs. OCPs were detected in all pooled human milk samples from 2002/03 typically with highest concentrations of p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE) (mean+/-standard deviation; median concentration 311+/-174; 279 ng g(-1) lipid) followed by beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH) (80+/-173; 21 ng g(-1) lipid). Other OCPs consistently detected included dieldrin (16+/-6; 17 ng g(-1) lipid), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) (18+/-16; 14 ng g(-1) lipid), transnonachlor (11+/-5; 9 ng g(-1) lipid) and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (p,p'-DDT) (9+/-6; 7 ng g(-1) lipid). The results from this study indicated that following a substantial decline of OCP concentrations from the early 1980s to the 1990s, little decline could be observed since then. Furthermore the use of multivariate statistics indicated some regional trends with slightly higher levels of the broadly used insecticides DDT and HCH in both historic and recent samples from Melbourne, whereas, sample pools collected from mothers that lived in rural Queensland and New South Wales as well as Adelaide and Sydney showed comparatively higher levels of heptachlor and dieldrin - both of which have been used for termite treatment. These results indicate that even 20 years after the discontinuation of usage, historical use of OCPs rather than exposure via global transport of OCPs is responsible for continuous low exposure in Australia. PMID:17675211

  2. Travel risk behaviours and uptake of pre-travel health preventions by university students in Australia

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Forward planning and preventative measures before travelling can significantly reduce the risk of many vaccine preventable travel-related infectious diseases. Higher education students may be at an increased risk of importing infectious disease as many undertake multiple visits to regions with higher infectious disease endemicity. Little is known about the health behaviours of domestic or international university students, particularly students from low resource countries who travel to high-resource countries for education. This study aimed to assess travel-associated health risks and preventative behaviours in a sample of both domestic and international university students in Australia. Methods In 2010, a 28 item self-administered online survey was distributed to students enrolled at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Multiple methods of distributing links to the online survey were utilised. The survey examined the international travel history, travel intentions, infection control behaviours and self-reported vaccination history. Results A total of 1663 respondents completed the online survey, 22.1% were international students and 83.9% were enrolled at an undergraduate level. Half had travelled internationally in the previous 12 months, with 69% of those travelling only once during that time with no difference in travel from Australia between domestic and international students (p = 0.8). Uptake of pre-travel health advice was low overall with 68% of respondents reporting they had not sought any advice from a health professional prior to their last international trip. Domestic students were more likely to report uptake of a range of preventative travel health measures compared to international students, including diarrhoeal medication, insect repellent, food avoidance and condoms (P < 0.0001). Overall, students reported low risk perception of travel threats and a low corresponding concern for these threats. Conclusions Our study highlights the need to educate students about the risk associated with travel and improve preventative health-seeking and uptake of precautionary health measures in this highly mobile young adult population. Although immunisation is not an entry requirement to study at Universities in Australia, large tertiary institutions provide an opportunity to engage with young adults on the importance of travel health and provision of vaccines required for travel, including missed childhood vaccines. PMID:22339735

  3. Aboriginal Consumption of Estuarine Food Resources and Potential Implications for Health through Trace Metal Exposure; A Study in Gumbaynggirr Country, Australia

    PubMed Central

    Russell, Shaina; Sullivan, Caroline A.; Reichelt-Brushett, Amanda J.

    2015-01-01

    Fishing and resource use continues to be an essential aspect of life for many Aboriginal communities throughout Australia. It is important for dietary sustenance, and also retains deep social, cultural and economic significance, playing a fundamental role in maintaining group cohesion, transferring cultural knowledge and affirming Indigenous identities. We surveyed approximately 20% of the Gumbaynggirr Aboriginal community of Nambucca Heads, New South Wales, Australia. This paper explores Gumbaynggirr Connection to Country and engagement in cultural practice. It quantifies fishing efforts and consumption of seafood within the community. We found 95% of the sample group fish, with the highest rate of fishing being 2-3 times a week (27%). Furthermore, 98% of participants eat seafood weekly or more frequently, up to more than once a day (24%). Survey results revealed that Myxus elongatus (Sand mullet) and naturally recruited Saccostrea glomerata (Sydney rock oysters) continue to be important wild resources to the Gumbaynggirr community. Trace metals were measured in M. elongatus and S. glomerata samples collected by community participants in this study. Maximum levels prescribed in the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code were not exceeded in the edible tissue for either species, however both species exceeded the generally expected levels for zinc and copper and S. glomerata samples exceeded the generally expected level for selenium. Furthermore the average dietary exposure to trace metals from consuming seafood was calculated for the surveyed population. Trace metal intake was then compared to the provisional tolerable weekly intake prescribed by the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives. This process revealed that copper and selenium intake were both within the provisional tolerable weekly intake, while there is no guideline for zinc. Furthermore, participants relying heavily on wild resources from the Nambucca River estuary may exceed the provisional tolerable weekly intake for cadmium. This suggests the need for further investigation of this issue to minimize any possible health risk. PMID:26098897

  4. Southeastern Australia

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-04-16

    ... title:  Drought and Burn Scars in Southeastern Australia     View Larger Image ... between December 2002 and February 2003 in southeastern Australia's national parks, forests, foothills and city suburbs. These images ...

  5. Northern Australia

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-04-16

    article title:  Tropical Northern Australia     View Larger Image ... Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) images of tropical northern Australia were acquired on June 1, 2000 (Terra orbit 2413) during the long dry ...

  6. Gas insulated transformers for Haymarket substation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. M. Ebb; G. S. Spence

    2002-01-01

    Because of increased loads in the Sydney area, particularly during summer, TransGrid has undertaken a project to build a new 330 kV underground substation at Haymarket, near the central business district of Sydney, Australia. The substation, to be completed during 2003, will be in close proximity to other buildings and it is planned to develop a commercial building above the

  7. The University Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    - 2004 The University of Sydney is Australia's first university. It leads the country in maintaining this role, the University of Sydney reaffirms its commitment to: · institutional autonomy, recognition-2004 Plan was developed over a two-year period with extensive consultation, supported by a series of surveys

  8. Diversity and Noise Effects in a Model of Homeostatic Regulation of the Sleep-Wake Cycle

    E-print Network

    Toral, Raúl

    advances in sleep neurobiology have allowed development of physiologically based mathematical modelsDiversity and Noise Effects in a Model of Homeostatic Regulation of the Sleep-Wake Cycle Marco for Integrated Research and Understanding of Sleep, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

  9. Faculty of Engineering and Information Technologies ABN 15 211 513 464

    E-print Network

    Scholz, Bernhard

    CONSULTANCY SERVICES UNDERGRADUATE SCHOLARSHIP OPEN TO Domestic students from a NSW Department of Education Scholarships Officer Faculty of Engineering & IT PNR Building (J02) The University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia T +61 2 9351 8155 F +61 2 9351 7082 engineering.scholarships@sydney.edu.au APPLICATIONS CLOSE Tuesday 8

  10. Morphological adaptations of the semiaquatic millipede Aporodesminus wallacei Silvestri 1904 with notes on the taxonomy, distribution, habitats and ecology of this and a related species (Pyrgodesmidae Polydesmida Diplopoda)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Adis; S. I. Golovatch; R. L. Hoffman; D. F. Hales; F. J. Burrows

    1998-01-01

    The poorly known millipede Aporodesminus wallacei Silvestri 1904 appears to be a widespread pantropical species currently reported from St. Helena Island (southern Atlantic Ocean), the Hawaiian Islands, Tahiti (central Polynesia), and the vicinity of Sydney, Australia (Pacific Ocean). Of these records (the latter two are new), the Sydney adults and subadults have been taken underwater in a few creeks of

  11. Learning through Discussions Ellis, R.A.

    E-print Network

    Calvo, Rafael A.

    to focus on quality learning through discussions in which quality learning is defined as a deep engagement1 Learning through Discussions Ellis, R.A. Institute of Teaching and Learning University of Sydney Ellis, R.A. Institute of Teaching and Learning F07 - Carslaw The University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia

  12. Scattering and acceleration of particles in astrophy-: D. B. MELROSE

    E-print Network

    Melrose, Don

    Scattering and acceleration of particles in astrophy-: Lecture 1 D. B. MELROSE School of Physics, acceleration mechanisms are reviewed qualitatively. 2. - Nonthermal particles in astrophysical and space, University of Sydney - Sydney NSW 2006, Australia 1. - Introduction Energetic particles are a characteristic

  13. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Mar. 1994, p. 796-802 0095-1 137/94/$04.00+0

    E-print Network

    Lan, Ruiting

    JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Mar. 1994, p. 796-802 0095-1 137/94/$04.00+0 Copyright © 1994, American Society for Microbiology Sequence Variation in Shigella sonnei (Sonnei), a Pathogenic Clone* Department ofMicrobiology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia Received 1 June

  14. A survey on singular perturbations of Markov chains and decision processes

    E-print Network

    Shwartz, Adam

    - abilistic models of discrete event stochastic phenomena. Named after A.A. Markov, a famous Russian, Israel and De- partment of Econometrics, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. 1 #12, it is not automatically equipped with a capability to model such a process in the situation where there may

  15. A survey on singular perturbations of Markov chains and decision processes

    E-print Network

    Shwartz, Adam

    Finite state Markov Chains (MC's) are among the most widely used prob- abilistic models of discrete event, Israel an* *d De- partment of Econometrics, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia, it is not automatically equipped with a capability to model such a process in the situation where there may

  16. Question Taxonomy and Implications for Automatic Question Generation

    E-print Network

    Calvo, Rafael A.

    University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Abstract: Many Automatic Question Generation (AQG academic writing. We conducted a large-scale case study with 25 supervisors and 36 research students, produced by supervisors, and how they support these students' literature review writing. In this paper, we

  17. AUTHOR QUERY SHEET Author(s): Jony Sheynin , Saima Shikari, Mark A. Gluck, Ahmed A. Moustafa, Richard J. Servatius & Cathe-

    E-print Network

    Gluck, Mark

    of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA, 2 New Jersey Medical School, Stress and Motivated Behavior Institute of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 6 Department of Veterans Affairs, New Jersey Health Care System, East are more prone to avoid aversive outcomes. In Experiment 1, we tested 74 healthy undergraduate students

  18. Developing your potential and adding value to an evolving and dynamic Higher Education sector by boosting efficiency, developing existing skills

    E-print Network

    -Chancellor (Education) University of Western Sydney Deidre Anderson Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Students and Registrar Chancellor, Manager of Vice Chancellery, Sydney Campus The University of Notre Dame Australia Helen Ingram from the Chair 9.00 - 9.50 OPENING KEYNOTE Introducing "Less stress and more success" with the right

  19. Literature a bibliography of research into postgraduate research development and supervision practices

    E-print Network

    Johannesson, Henrik

    and inconsistency in PhD thesis examination', Australian Journal of Education, 52(1), 35­47. Brew, A. (2001) The Nature of Research: Inquiry in Academic Contexts (London:Routledge Falmer). Brew, A. and Peseta, T. (2002 (Sydney, Australia: University of Sydney). #12;2 Brew, A. and Peseta, T. (2004) `Changing postgraduate

  20. PLASMA EMISSION: A REVIEW* (Invited Review presented by G. Dulk)

    E-print Network

    Melrose, Don

    PLASMA EMISSION: A REVIEW* (Invited Review presented by G. Dulk) D. B. M E L R O S E School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006. Australia Abstract. The theory of plasma emission of the Langmuir turbulence, its evolution due to nonlinear processes, and the plasma emission processes

  1. 2011 Ming Liu, Rafael A. Calvo and Vasile Rus G-Asks: An Intelligent Automatic Question Generation System for

    E-print Network

    Rus, Vasile

    .CALVO@EE.USYD.EDU.AU School of Electrical and Information Engineering University of Sydney Sydney NSW 2006 Australia Vasile, in an Engineering Research Method course and compared questions generated by G-Asks with human generated questions in these metacognitive skills (Graesser and Person 1994). Afolabi (1992) identified some of the most common problems

  2. Obituary: Ronald N. Bracewell, 1921-2007

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vahé Petrosian

    2009-01-01

    Ronald N. Bracewell, Professor Emeritus (since 1991) of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, and a true renaissance man of science, died of a heart attack on 12 August 2007 at his home. Ron Bracewell was born in Sydney, Australia, on 22 July 1921, one of the two sons of Cecil and Valerie Bracewell. He graduated from the University of Sydney

  3. Racism in the News: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News Reporting in Two Australian Newspapers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PETER TEO

    2000-01-01

    The aim of this study is to probe for ideological construction of racism imbricated within the structure of newspaper reporting. The study focuses on news reports relating to a Vietnamese gang in Australia whose violent and drug-dealing activities have received publicity in two Sydney-based newspapers: The Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph. The analysis of these reports adheres to

  4. The experience of Chinese immigrant women in caring for a terminally ill family member in Australia.

    PubMed

    Heidenreich, Mary T; Koo, Fung Kuen; White, Kate

    2014-01-01

    The Chinese community, a heterogeneous, highly visible non-English speaking ethnic group in Australia, remains mostly hidden and underrepresented in palliative care service delivery along with participation in health research despite being the fastest growing such group in the country. There is a lack of Australian research information concerning the impact of migration on the caregiving experience of women carers within the Chinese cultural framework and the Australian palliative care context. This paper aims to explore the influence of Chinese cultural norms and immigration on the experience of immigrant women of Chinese ancestry caring for a terminally ill family member at home in Sydney. This study also seeks to identify factors that may present access barriers to palliative care support services. A qualitative approach was used in this study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with five home-based Chinese women carers and were analysed using thematic analysis. Findings identified that the participants found being a carer is a lonely and isolating experience. Sources of isolation and loneliness included social isolation experienced as a solitary carer without meaningful family and social relationships; loss of familiar cultural understandings and family values; and emotional isolators expressed in response to the physical and emotional role commitment and other constraints. The study results suggest the need for palliative care educational programmes designed to help nurses to understand the impact of cultural background within the palliative care context. Results also indicate that health care professionals should provide culturally appropriate and competent palliative care services, sensitive to the diverse socio-cultural influences and individual needs of Chinese migrants. PMID:25632724

  5. Feasibility of a GP delivered skin cancer prevention intervention in Australia

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite years of public education, sun-related behaviours are difficult to change and a recent survey showed low levels of sun protection. In this study we evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of an opportunistic skin cancer prevention intervention in general practice. Methods We used a controlled pre-and-post intervention design. Participants (n?=?100) were recruited sequentially from patients attending two general practices in Sydney, Australia, from November to December 2010. Participants in the intervention practice (n?=?50) received general practitioner delivered sun protection advice after completing a skin cancer risk assessment tool, and a sun protection pamphlet, in addition to routine care, at a single attendance. The skin cancer risk assessment tool provided three levels of risk. The general practitioner (GP) reinforced the level of risk and discussed sun protection. Participants in the control practice (n?=?50) received routine care. We measured feasibility by patients’ and GPs’ participation in the intervention and time taken, and acceptability by intervention participants and GPs ratings of the intervention. We measured reported sun-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour between the two groups at 1 and 13 months. Results The intervention was found to be feasible within existing primary care team arrangements. Participation at baseline was 81% (108/134), and repeated participation was 88% (88/100) at 1 month and 70% (70/100) at 13 months. Participants and practitioners found the intervention acceptable. At 1 month, sun-related knowledge had increased in both patient groups, with a greater increase in the intervention group (adjusted mean difference 0.48, p?=?0.034). There were no differences between groups in sun-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour at 13 months. Conclusions A brief opportunistic skin cancer prevention intervention in general practice is feasible and acceptable. Further research in this setting with a more intensive intervention would be justified. PMID:25070692

  6. Privatizing Australia

    SciTech Connect

    Burr, M.T.

    1995-07-01

    The sun is setting on Australia`s long tradition of state involvement in business. As part of efforts begun in the late-1980`s to stem the tide of debt rising within Australian federal and state treasuries, government-owned entities are being corporatized and privatized, and private companies are sponsoring a large share of the country`s new infrastructure projects.

  7. Population policies in Southeast Asia and Australia: the international relevance of domestic affairs.

    PubMed

    Jones, G W

    1984-01-01

    There are 2 underlying themes to this paper: national perceptions of population circumstances at home and abroad are the crucial determinants of population policies adopted, and the differences in perceptions help explain why national reactions differ to circumtances which appear similar; and population policy, though an internal matter, has international repercussions and thus can become a sensitive issue in international relations. Until recently, ASEAN countries were united with Vietnam on at least 1 issue: attitudes toward the growth and changing distribution of their populations. The objectives were slower growth through lowered fertility, resistance to immigration from abroad except in very special circumstances, resettlement of population to undeveloped areas with potential for agriculture, and slowing the growth of big cities. The Australian situation differed. As a high income nation populated primarily through immigration and set in a region of far more populous and densely settled nations, Australia's policy favored population growth and used an immigration program as a way to realize this end. Yet, even so, population growth in most postwar years was slower than that of all Southeast Asian nations. And, although immigration was encouraged, the resistance to immigration that characterized Southeast Asian countries was shared by Australia with respect to all but North Western Europeans, an "acceptable" category progressively widened by dint of curcumstances to include Eastern Europeans, then Southern Europeans, then certain Middle Eastern peoples, and finally Asians and Latin Americans. Australia shared with Southeast Asian nations the concern with big-city growth and like the Southeast Asian nations searched for appropriate policies to contain this growth and promote that of smaller cities and towns. This search stopped in the 1970s when the report of the National Population showed that accepted projections of the populations of Sydney and Melbourne had been unrealisticably high. Until 1983 Southeast Asia presented a fairly united front on population policy matters. The momentous break occurred when the Malaysian Prime Minister announced to his current 15 million people a target of 70 million for Malaysia's population and followed this up with pronatalist policies in support of this goal. The key point in the context of this paper, is to emphasize that perceptions of national self-interest have led to the adoption of widely divergent policies in neighboring Malaysia and Singapore. Singapore is offering strong financial incentives for its socioeconomically disadvantaged groups to have fewer children. Malaysia's incentives to have more people will have most impact on the disadvantaged groups. There is little difference between Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Vietnam on fertility goals, and their perceptions of the problem appear similar. Malaysian population and ethnic policies have had a number of direct effects on Australia. It was ethnic politics that determined Malaysia's hard line attitude toward Vietnamese refugees. Australia's acceptance of large numbers of Vietnamese refugees probably resulted as much from the strong pressure applied by ASEAN nations to do so as from humanitarian grounds. Another aspect of Malaysian ethnic politics which has had direct repercussions on Australia is the discrimination against non-Malay students for places in Malaysian universities. PMID:12267174

  8. Environment Australia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Department of Environment and Heritage Web site, Environment Australia, gives an overview of environmental concerns of the country. Topics covered include the atmosphere, biodiversity, coasts and oceans, inland waters, land management, meteorology, and more. The site gives an interesting look into the unique problems and concerns that Australia is faced with and what its governmental agencies are doing to protect its resources. Many additional links are available on the main page for those interested in more information, such as databases and publications.

  9. The Indo-Australian monsoon and its relationship to ENSO and IOD in reanalysis data and the CMIP3/CMIP5 simulations

    E-print Network

    Ummenhofer, Caroline C.

    South Wales, Sydney, Australia C. C. Ummenhofer Department of Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA A. F. Moise Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research a matter of debate (Liu and

  10. Dynamic Systems and Applications xx (200x) xx-xx MULTIPLE SOLUTIONS OF A BOUNDARY VALUE

    E-print Network

    Tisdell, Chris

    of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Arkansas at Little Rock Little Rock, AR 72204-1099 USA. E-mail: erkaufmann@ualr.edu 3 School of Mathematics, The University of New South Wales Sydney 2052, Australia. E

  11. Department of Medical Entomology: Bedbugs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The University of Sydney and Westmead Hospital, Australia offers a quick introduction to the bedbug in this Web site. Information includes the natural history of bedbugs, clinical presentation, laboratory diagnosis, and treatment and control of them.

  12. 77 FR 46437 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-03

    ...York (Ivan Hurwitz, Vice President) 33 Liberty Street, New York, New York 10045-0001: 1. Westpac Banking Corporation, Sydney, Australia, to engage de novo through Westpac Capital Markets LLC, New York, New York in securities brokerage and...

  13. 76 FR 46808 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-03

    ...York (Ivan Hurwitz, Vice President) 33 Liberty Street, New York, New York 10045-0001: 1. Westpac Banking Corporation, Sydney, Australia; to indirectly acquire 100 percent of the voting shares of JOHCM (USA) General Partner Inc., Wilmington,...

  14. 78 FR 7455 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Advanced Media...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-01

    ...Specifically, DG, Irving, TX; Laurence Cook (individual member), Portland, OR; and William Garrett (individual member), Sydney, AUSTRALIA, have been added as parties to this venture. Also, VRT, Gent- Ledeberg, BELGIUM; and Thomas Adamich...

  15. 77 FR 45352 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ...York (Ivan Hurwitz, Vice President) 33 Liberty Street, New York, New York 10045-0001: 1. Westpac Banking Corporation, Sydney, Australia, to engage de novo through its subsidiary, Westpac Capital Markets LLC, New York, New York, in broker...

  16. A Random Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochran, Wendell

    1976-01-01

    Presented is a review of papers presented at the 25th International Geological Congress held August 16-25, 1976, Sydney, Australia. Topics include precambrian geology, tectonics, biostratigraphy, geochemistry, quaternary geology, engineering geology, planetology, geological education, and stress environments. (SL)

  17. Int. J. Electron. Commun. (AE) 63 (2009) 10541060 www.elsevier.de/aeue

    E-print Network

    Elkashlan, Maged

    2009-01-01

    Research Organisation (CSIRO), Sydney, NSW, Australia bDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Qatar, and high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) [11] of the transmit signal are major drawbacks. This motivates

  18. A formal market specification language for general trading agents Michael Thielscher

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Dongmo

    Systems Laboratory University of Western Sydney, Australia dongmo@scm.uws.edu.au Abstract A contemporary of arbitrary games and learn to play these games well without human intervention. This principle has the great

  19. Cognitive Neuropsychology twenty years on Alfonso Caramazza

    E-print Network

    Caramazza, Alfonso

    Cognitive Neuropsychology twenty years on Alfonso Caramazza Cognitive Neuropsychology Laboratory University, Sydney, NSW, Australia Cognitive neuropsychology began in the second half of the nineteenth of such an architecture were localized in the brain. Their cognitive neuropsychology was successful (their diagrams

  20. Multi Sensor Data Fusion Hugh Durrant-Whyte

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Rui

    Multi Sensor Data Fusion Hugh Durrant-Whyte Australian Centre for Field Robotics The University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia hugh@acfr.usyd.edu.au January 22, 2001 Version 1.2 c Hugh Durrant-Whyte 2001 1

  1. Population attributable risk for chlamydia infection in a cohort of young international travellers (backpackers) and residents in Australia

    PubMed Central

    Guy, Rebecca; Donovan, Basil; McNulty, Anna

    2011-01-01

    Aim To estimate the population attributable risk (PAR) for Chlamydia trachomatis infection in young men and women in Sydney, Australia. Method Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the association between demographic, sexual behaviour and other potential risk factors and chlamydia positivity in young (?30?years) heterosexual international travellers (backpackers) and Australian residents attending a sexual health clinic. Point and interval estimates of PAR were calculated to quantify the proportion of chlamydia infections that can theoretically be prevented if a combination of risk factors is eliminated from a target population. Results In males, the PAR associated with inconsistent condom use in the past 3?months was 65% (95% CI 56% to 71%) in backpackers compared to 50% (95% CI 41% to 56%) in non-backpackers and the PAR associated with reporting three or more female sexual partners in the past 3?months was similar between male backpackers and non-backpackers (33% (95% CI 28% to 40%) and 36% (95% CI 32% to 41%), respectively). In females, the PAR associated with inconsistent condom use in the past 3?months was 51% (95% CI 42% to 59%) in backpackers compared to 41% (95% CI 31% to 51%) in non-backpackers, and the PAR associated with reporting three or more male sexual partners in the past 3?months was 14% (95% CI 11% to 18%) in backpackers compared to 30% (95% CI 25% to 37%) in non-backpackers. Conclusion These findings suggest that the largest number of chlamydia infections could be avoided by increasing condom use, particularly in backpackers. Reporting multiple partners was also associated with a large proportion of infections and the risk associated with this behaviour should be considered in health promotion strategies. PMID:22021720

  2. Structural evolution of the early Permian Nambucca Block (New England Orogen, eastern Australia) and implications for oroclinal bending

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaanan, Uri; Rosenbaum, Gideon; Li, Pengfei; Vasconcelos, Paulo

    2014-07-01

    The Paleozoic to early Mesozoic southern New England Orogen of eastern Australia exhibits a remarkable ear-shaped curvature (orocline), but the geodynamic processes responsible for its formation are unclear. Oroclinal bending took place during the early Permian, simultaneously with the deposition of the rift-related Sydney, Gunnedah, and Bowen basins, which bound the oroclines to the west. The Nambucca Block is another early Permian rift basin, but it is situated in the core of the oroclinal structure. Here we present new stratigraphic, structural, and geochronological data from the Nambucca Block in an attempt to better understand its tectonic history and relationships to the formation of the oroclines. We recognized four phases of folding and associated structural fabrics (S1-4), with the second phase (S2) dated at 275-265 Ma by 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of muscovite. This age overlaps with independent constraints on the timing of oroclinal bending, suggesting that the earlier two phases of deformation in the Nambucca Block (F1 and F2) were associated with orocline formation. We propose that oroclinal bending involved three major stages. The first stage (<300 Ma) was associated with variations in rates of trench rollback and formation of rift basins in a hot extensional back-arc setting. This was followed by a second stage of oroclinal bending, possibly linked to dextral wrench faulting, which involved ~ N-S contraction (F1). Subsequent deformation at 275-265 Ma involved formation of nappe-style structures (F2). This phase of contractional deformation may have resulted from an increased plate coupling that was possibly linked to flat-slab subduction.

  3. How are patients managing with the costs of care for chronic kidney disease in Australia? A cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) poses a financial burden on patients and their households. This descriptive study measures the prevalence of economic hardship and out-of-pocket costs in an Australian CKD population. Methods A cross-sectional study of patients receiving care for CKD (stage III-V) in Western Sydney, Australia using a structured questionnaire. Data collection occurred between November 2010 and April 2011. Multivariate analyses assessed the relationships between economic hardship and individual, household and health system characteristics. Results The study included 247 prevalent CKD patients. A mean of AUD$907 per three months was paid out-of-pocket resulting in 71% (n=153) of participants experiencing financial catastrophe (out-of-pocket costs exceeding 10% of household income). Fifty-seven percent (n=140) of households reported economic hardship. The adjusted risk factors that decreased the likelihood of hardship included: home ownership (OR: 0.32, 95% CI: 0.14-0.71), access to financial resources (OR: 0.24, 95% CI: 0.11-0.50) and quality of life (OR: 0.12, 95% CI: 0.02-0.56). The factors that increased the likelihood of hardship included if income was negatively impacted by CKD (OR: 4.80, 95% CI: 2.17-10.62) and concessional status (i.e. receiving government support) (OR: 3.09, 95% CI: 1.38-6.91). Out-of-pocket costs and financial catastrophe were not found to be significantly associated with hardship in this analysis. Conclusions This study describes the poorer economic circumstances of households affected by CKD and reinforces the inter-relationships between chronic illness, economic well-being and quality of life for this patient population. PMID:23305212

  4. Minority stress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults in Australia: associations with psychological distress, suicidality, and substance use.

    PubMed

    Lea, Toby; de Wit, John; Reynolds, Robert

    2014-11-01

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other same-sex attracted young people have been shown to be at a higher risk of mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, suicidality, and substance abuse, compared to their heterosexual peers. Homophobic prejudice and stigma are often thought to underlie these disparities. In this study, the relationship between such experiences of social derogation and mental health and substance use in same-sex attracted young people was examined using Meyer's minority stress theory. An online survey recruited 254 young women and 318 young men who identified as same-sex attracted, were aged 18-25 years, and lived in Sydney, Australia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that internalized homophobia, perceived stigma, and experienced homophobic physical abuse were associated with higher levels of psychological distress and self-reported suicidal thoughts in the previous month. Furthermore, perceived stigma and homophobic physical abuse were associated with reporting a lifetime suicide attempt. The association between minority stress and substance use was inconsistent. While, as expected, higher levels of perceived stigma were associated with club drug dependence, there was an inverse association between internalized homophobia and club drug use, and between perceived stigma and hazardous alcohol use. The findings of this study provide support for the minority stress theory proposition that chronic social stress due to sexual orientation is associated with poorer mental health. The high rates of mental health and substance use problems in the current study suggest that same-sex attracted young people should continue to be a priority population for mental health and substance use intervention and prevention. PMID:24573397

  5. Samoa: Australia’s Pacific Success Story?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Penelope Schoeffel; Malama Meleisea

    In this chapter, we focus on the two issues that link Australia and Samoa – aid and migration. We will examine the role Australia has played in the social and economic transformation of Samoa since the 1970s, the cost and rewards of these changes, and how they have shaped Samoa’s relations with Australia. Currently Australia’s commercial interests in Samoa are

  6. Geoscience Australia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Provided by the Australian Government, Geoscience Australia is an expansive website featuring the research and geospatial information the agency provides for the benefit of economic, environmental, and social communities. Visitors can obtain Australian maps for a variety of geologic datasets including the geomagnetic fields, gravity surveys, and crustal elements. The online tools provide data of recent earthquakes and sunrise and sunset times. Students and teachers can find fun, educational online activities dealing with remote sensing, minerals, and the Australian geography. Anyone interested in Australia's geologic and geographic environment from its geodesy to its marine and coastal environments will want to visit this vast website.

  7. Late-magmatic mineral assemblages with siderite and zirconian pyroxene and amphibole in the anorogenic Mt Gibraltar microsyenite, New South Wales, Australia, and their petrological implications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andersen, Tom; Carr, Paul; Erambert, Muriel

    2012-10-01

    The Mt Gibraltar intrusion near Mittagong and Bowral in New South Wales, Australia (lat. 34°27'54?S, long. 150°25'44?) is a small intrusive body of hypersolvus microsyenite emplaced into the Triassic Hawkesbury Sandstone of the Sydney Basin in Jurassic time, possibly related to extensional faulting. The rock itself consists of intermediate alkali feldspar with minor titanomagnetite and interstitial pyroxene ranging from nearly pure hedenbergite to ? Hd34Aeg65 in composition. It is crosscut by an irregular system of late-magmatic veins consisting of homogeneous alkali feldspar (? Ab50Or50), clinopyroxene evolving from sodic hedenbergite to zirconium-rich aegirine, arfvedsonite and siderite. During postmagmatic evolution of the veins, microcrystalline or amorphous silica precipitated together with calcite filling miarolitic cavities. The late-magmatic mineral assemblage of the veins indicate crystallisation (at assumed 700 bar pressure) at T = 650-670 °C, log fO2 = - 22. This corresponds to conditions very close to the magnetite-wustite curve. Zirconium-bearing pyroxene has a restricted stability field in the system SiO2-ZrO2-FeO-FeO1.5-NaO0.5-HO0.5, at moderately elevated peralkalinity and intermediate silica activity. Under such conditions, pyroxene and amphibole will act as effective sinks for Zr, preventing crystallisation of magmatic zircon or more exotic Zr silicates. The Mt Gibraltar microsyenite is therefore a rare example of an igneous rock in which zirconium is camouflaged in pyroxene and amphibole rather than forming its own minerals.

  8. The Acid Test: pH Tolerance of the Eggs and Larvae of the Invasive Cane Toad (Rhinella marina) in Southeastern Australia.

    PubMed

    Wijethunga, Uditha; Greenlees, Matthew; Shine, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Invasive cane toads are colonizing southeastern Australia via a narrow coastal strip sandwiched between unsuitable areas (Pacific Ocean to the east, mountains to the west). Many of the available spawning sites exhibit abiotic conditions (e.g., temperature, salinity, and pH) more extreme than those encountered elsewhere in the toad's native or already invaded range. Will that challenge impede toad expansion? To answer that question, we measured pH in 35 ponds in northeastern New South Wales and 8 ponds in the Sydney region, in both areas where toads occur (and breed) and adjacent areas where toads are likely to invade, and conducted laboratory experiments to quantify effects of pH on the survival and development of toad eggs and larvae. Our field surveys revealed wide variation in pH (3.9-9.8) among natural water bodies. In the laboratory, the hatching success of eggs was increased at low pH (down to pH 4), whereas the survival, growth, and developmental rates of tadpoles were enhanced by higher pH levels. We found that pH influenced metamorph size and shape (relative head width, relative leg length) but not locomotor performance. The broad tolerance range of these early life-history stages suggests that pH conditions in ponds will not significantly slow the toad's expansion southward. Indeed, toads may benefit from transiently low pH conditions, and habitat where pH in wetlands is consistently low (such as coastal heath) may enhance rather than reduce toad reproductive success. A broad physiological tolerance during embryonic and larval life has contributed significantly to the cane toad's success as a widespread colonizer. PMID:26052640

  9. Energy Savings in Direct Evaporative Cooling: real application in the Madrid metro and simulated application for offices in Sydney

    E-print Network

    Simonetti, R.

    2010-01-01

    Water evaporates spontaneously in contact with the air, absorbing around 680 W/(kg/h of evaporated water) from the air (1,053 BTU/lb.). Direct Evaporative Cooling (DEC) exploits this simple physical phenomenon to achieve high cooling capacities...

  10. Gender differences in hemocyte immune parameters of bivalves: the Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea glomerata and the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata.

    PubMed

    Dang, Cécile; Tan, Terence; Moffit, Dylan; Deboutteville, Jérome Delamare; Barnes, Andrew C

    2012-07-01

    Many authors have highlighted a high inter-individual variability in immune parameters of marine bivalves. A high number of studies have reported the impact of external factors on hemocytes immune parameters such as temperature, salinity, pollutants or pathogens. However, only a few of them considered the impact of intrinsic parameters such as sex. Therefore, the present study assessed the impact of gender on hemocytes functions on two marine bivalves. Our results led to the conclusion that the gender contributes to this inter-individual variability. When studying the impact of an environmental variable, a pathogen or a pollutant, the sex of each animal should be determined and taken into account in the analysis and interpretation of immune parameters. PMID:22562017

  11. Levels and Functions of HIV/AIDS Stigma within the Iranian Community Living in the Sydney Metropolitan Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hosseinzadeh, Hassan; Hossain, Syeda Zakia; Niknami, Shamsaddin

    2012-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the levels of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related stigma among the Iranian population and the factors that contribute to the formation of stigma within the study population. Design: A quantitative research design was used in this research whereby participants completed…

  12. Hepatocellular carcinoma in central Sydney: a 10 year review of patients seen in a medical oncology department

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Desmond Yip; Michael Findlay; Michael Boyer; Martin H. Tattersall

    AIM To report a single Australian oncology unit's experience with the management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in the context of a literature review of the current management issues. METHODS Retrospective case record review of 76 patients with diagnosis of HCC referred to the unit between 1984 and 1995. RESULTS Sixty-three patients had adequate records for analysis. Thirty-six (56%)

  13. The effects of the sociocultural context on heritage language literacy: Japanese–English bilingual children in Sydney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaya Oriyama

    2011-01-01

    What factors support linguistic minority children in developing and maintaining literacy in their heritage languages (HLs)? Very few quantitative studies have explored the role of sociocultural factors, especially in the development and maintenance of HL literacy. This paper addresses this gap by examining how the sociocultural context affects general and specific aspects of Japanese literacy among school-age children of Japanese

  14. What Role Can Community Contact Play in Heritage Language Literacy Development? Japanese-English Bilingual Children in Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oriyama, Kaya

    2012-01-01

    When linguistic minority parents wish to develop and maintain their children's literacy in heritage languages (HLs), what can they do to help? How and to what extent do the individual contexts of language use and background affect the development and maintenance of HL literacy, compared with the sociocultural context of community? What are the…

  15. Dynamic Control of Autonomous Quadrotor Flight in an Estimated Nitin Sydney, Brendan Smyth, and Derek A. Paley

    E-print Network

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    of unmanned aerial vehicles for both government [1] and commercial applications [2]. One of the concerns with small unmanned aerial vehicles such as quadrotors is their susceptibility to wind fields and gusts], approximate the quadrotor dynamics by a linear system, for which standard linear controllers can be designed

  16. Energy Savings in Direct Evaporative Cooling: real application in the Madrid metro and simulated application for offices in Sydney 

    E-print Network

    Simonetti, R.

    2010-01-01

    Water evaporates spontaneously in contact with the air, absorbing around 680 W/(kg/h of evaporated water) from the air (1,053 BTU/lb.). Direct Evaporative Cooling (DEC) exploits this simple physical phenomenon to achieve high cooling capacities...

  17. Climatological annual cycle of upper ocean oxygen content anomaly Hernan E. Garcia, Tim P. Boyer, Sydney Levitus, Ricardo A. Locarnini,

    E-print Network

    Climatological annual cycle of upper ocean oxygen content anomaly Hernan E. Garcia, Tim P. Boyer; published 10 March 2005. [1] The climatological annual cycle of oxygen content anomaly of the 0­100 m depth cycle of the monthly O2 content anomaly. The magnitude of the annual harmonic is largest in the upper 75

  18. Paper to be presented at ASCILITE Conference, Sydney, Dec 3-6, 2006 Increasing success in first year courses: assessment

    E-print Network

    Azzopardi, Leif

    year courses: assessment re-design, self-regulation and learning technologies David Nicol Centre students to develop their capacity for self-regulated learning. It also explores how information of study. The concepts of academic success and self-regulated learning are seen as inter

  19. Perinatal lessons from the past: Sir Norman Gregg, ChM, MC, of Sydney (1892–1966) and rubella embryopathy

    PubMed Central

    Dunn, P M

    2007-01-01

    By identifying rubella infection in early pregnancy as a cause of congenital malformations and disabilities, Gregg alerted the medical profession to the importance of the prenatal environment. PMID:17951553

  20. The association between systemic inflammation and cognitive performance in the elderly: the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study.

    PubMed

    Trollor, Julian N; Smith, Evelyn; Agars, Emmeline; Kuan, Stacey A; Baune, Bernhard T; Campbell, Lesley; Samaras, Katherine; Crawford, John; Lux, Ora; Kochan, Nicole A; Brodaty, Henry; Sachdev, Perminder

    2012-10-01

    Inflammation may contribute to cognitive decline and dementia. This study examined the cross-sectional relationships between markers of systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein, interleukins-1?, -6, -8, -10, -12, plasminogen activator inhibitor, serum amyloid A, tumour necrosis factor-? and vascular adhesion molecule-1) and cognitive function in 873 non-demented community-dwelling elderly participants aged 70-90 years. Regression analyses were performed to determine the relationships between cognitive domains and inflammatory markers, controlling for age, sex, education, cardiovascular risk factors, obesity and other metabolic factors, smoking, alcohol consumption, depression and presence of the apolipoprotein ?4 genotype. Regression analyses were repeated using four factors derived from a factor analysis of the cognitive tests. After Bonferroni correction for multiple testing, associations remained between raised levels of interleukin-12 and reduced performance in processing speed. Marked sex differences were noted in the abovementioned findings, with only females being significantly affected. Using the four factors derived from the factor analyses of cognitive test as dependent variables, interleukins-12 and -6 were both associated with the processing speed/executive function factor, even after controlling for relevant confounding factors. Thus, markers of systemic inflammation are related to cognitive deficits in a non-clinical community-dwelling elderly population, independent of depression, cardiovascular or metabolic risk factors, or presence of apolipoprotein ?4 genotype. Additional research is required to elucidate the pathophysiology and longitudinal development of these relationships. PMID:21853262

  1. Children's Reasons for Joining Sport Clubs and Staying in Them: A Case Study of a Sydney Soccer Club

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Light, Richard; Curry, Christina

    2009-01-01

    Research on youth sport within the sport coaching and physical education literature has tended to overlook the nature of experience and the meanings that sport holds in the lives of children and young people. This paper makes a contribution toward redressing this imbalance by reporting on a close-focus case study on children's reasons for joining…

  2. Landslide tsunami hazard in New South Wales, Australia: novel observations from 3D modelling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Power, Hannah; Clarke, Samantha; Hubble, Tom

    2015-04-01

    This paper examines the potential of tsunami inundation generated from two case study sites of submarine mass failures on the New South Wales coast of Australia. Two submarine mass failure events are investigated: the Bulli Slide and the Shovel Slide. Both slides are located approximately 65 km southeast of Sydney and 60 km east of the township of Wollongong. The Bulli Slide (~20 km3) and the Shovel Slide (7.97 km3) correspond to the two largest identified erosional surface submarine landslides scars of the NSW continental margin (Glenn et al. 2008; Clarke 2014) and represent examples of large to very large submarine landslide scars. The Shovel Slide is a moderately thick (80-165 m), moderately wide to wide (4.4 km) slide, and is located in 880 m water depth; and the Bulli Slide is an extremely thick (200-425 m), very wide (8.9 km) slide, and is located in 1500 m water depth. Previous work on the east Australian margin (Clarke et al., 2014) and elsewhere (Harbitz et al., 2013) suggests that submarine landslides similar to the Bulli Slide or the Shovel Slide are volumetrically large enough and occur at shallow enough water depths (400-2500 m) to generate substantial tsunamis that could cause widespread damage on the east Australian coast and threaten coastal communities (Burbidge et al. 2008; Clarke 2014; Talukder and Volker 2014). Currently, the tsunamogenic potential of these two slides has only been investigated using 2D modelling (Clarke 2014) and to date it has been difficult to establish the onshore tsunami surge characteristics for the submarine landslides with certainty. To address this knowledge gap, the forecast inundation as a result of these two mass failure events was investigated using a three-dimensional model (ANUGA) that predicts water flow resulting from natural hazard events such as tsunami (Nielsen et al., 2005). The ANUGA model solves the two-dimensional shallow water wave equations and accurately models the process of wetting and drying thus making it ideal for simulating inundation due to tsunami. The model generates a surface wave profile based on the dimensions of the submarine mass failure event using the method of Ward et al. (2005). Inundation maps are shown for these two slides and sensitivity analysis is conducted to identify the characteristics of the slides that are most influential on inundation areas and depths.

  3. Southern Australia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    South-central Australia is home to several deserts, including the Simpson Desert, whose reddish-orange sands are seen in the upper left quadrant of this Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from July 1, 2002. Several impermanent, salty, lakes stand whitely out against the arid terrain. The largest is North Lake Eyre, southwest of center. At bottom center, Spencer Gulf separates the triangular Eyre Peninsula from the Yorke Peninsula. The Gulf of St. Vincent separates Yorke Peninsula from the mainland. In Spencer Gulf, colorful blue-green swirls indicate the presence of a bloom of marine plants called phytoplankton, whose brightly colored photosynthetic pigments stain the water. Water quality in the Gulf is an ongoing problem for Australia, as irrigation projects have diverted the already small flow of freshwater that empties into the Gulf. Other problems include contamination with pesticides and agricultural and residential fertilizer. On both the Eyre Peninsula and in the Victoria Territory to the east of Spencer Gulf, dark-colored rectangles show the boundaries of parks and nature preserves where the natural, drought-tolerant vegetation thrives.

  4. Birds in Australian and New Zealand museums—a major resource for ornithology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. J. Gill

    2006-01-01

    The 14 major bird collections in Australia (10) and New Zealand (4) together hold half a million specimens, including 275 000 from Australia and 115 000 from New Zealand. Six large collections in Australia, and two in New Zealand, each hold at least 30 000 birds. The largest single collection (Australian Museum, Sydney) has 78 000 birds. Overall, study?skins are

  5. RIDBC Teleschool[TM]: A Hub of Expertise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, Melissa

    2012-01-01

    The Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children (RIDBC) is Australia's largest independent special education provider and one of Australia's oldest charities. Founded in 1860 in Sydney, Australia, RIDBC seeks to provide high quality, innovative education and therapy to children who are deaf and hard of hearing and their families. RIDBC initially…

  6. Exchange Program University of Technology

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Australia Exchange Program University of Technology Sydney (UTS) UTS, one of Australia's leading. With a total enrollment of over 37,000, UTS is one of the largest universities in Australia; it is also ranked Eligibility: Undergraduate and graduate students with a 2.50 GPA or higher. Courses: Comprehensive course

  7. Parental risk perceptions of childhood pedestrian road safety: A cross cultural comparison

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence T. Lam

    2005-01-01

    Introduction: This cross-sectional community-based randomized telephone survey, aimed to compare the parental risk perceptions on childhood pedestrian road safety among three different major community language speaking groups and the mainstream English speaking Australians in Sydney, Australia. Method: This was a community-based telephone survey with subjects randomly selected from the population of specific cultural languages in Sydney. Results: Results indicated that

  8. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia) 2013 Embedding Data Stewardship in Geoscience Australia

    E-print Network

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    © Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia) 2013 Embedding Data Stewardship in Geoscience Australia Geoscience AustraliaIrina Bastrakova, Sue Fyfe For Further Information: Irina Bastrakova Email Steps Toward Implementing Stewardship: the Theory Implementation Timeline Geoscience Australia (GA) Data

  9. Fabulous Facts about Australia: Australia's Distinctive Landscape

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-01-01

    Presented by Geoscience Australia, the national agency for geoscience research and geospatial information, this Web site is called the Fabulous Facts about Australia: Australia's Distinctive Landscape Web site. The Dimensions link on the page describes the continents coastline length; oceans and seas; continental physical extremes; the area of Australia, its states, and territories; climatic extremes; and more. The landforms link tells about the continents deserts, mountains, and waterfalls, while the maps link allows kids to zoom in and out of features, view different map themes, and print them all. The easily read descriptions and attractive photographs and illustrations make this site a great educational tool for kids of all ages.

  10. Twenty two cases of canine neural angiostronglyosis in eastern Australia (2002-2005) and a review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Cases of canine neural angiostrongylosis (NA) with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evaluations in the peer-reviewed literature were tabulated. All cases were from Australia. A retrospective cohort of 59 dogs was contrasted with a series of 22 new cases where NA was diagnosed by the presence of both eosinophilic pleocytosis and anti-Angiostrongylus cantonensis immunloglobulins (IgG) in CSF, determined by ELISA or Western blot. Both cohorts were drawn from south east Queensland and Sydney. The retrospective cohort comprised mostly pups presented for hind limb weakness with hyperaesthesia, a mixture of upper motor neurone (UMN) and lower motor neurone (LMN) signs in the hind limbs and urinary incontinence. Signs were attributed to larval migration through peripheral nerves, nerve roots, spinal cord and brain associated with an ascending eosinophilic meningo-encephomyelitis. The contemporary cohort consisted of a mixture of pups, young adult and mature dogs, with a wider range of signs including (i) paraparesis/proprioceptive ataxia (ii) lumbar and tail base hyperaesthesia, (iii) multi-focal central nervous system dysfunction, or (iv) focal disease with neck pain, cranial neuropathy and altered mentation. Cases were seen throughout the year, most between April and July (inclusive). There was a preponderance of large breeds. Often littermates, or multiple animals from the same kennel, were affected simultaneously or sequentially. A presumptive diagnosis was based on consistent signs, proximity to rats, ingestion/chewing of slugs or snails and eosinophilic pleocytosis. NA was diagnosed by demonstrating anti-A. cantonensis IgG in CSF. Detecting anti-A. cantonensis IgG in serum was unhelpful because many normal dogs (20/21 lb dogs; 8/22 of a hospital population) had such antibodies, often at substantial titres. Most NA cases in the contemporary series (19/22) and many pups (16/38) in the retrospective cohort were managed successfully using high doses of prednisolone and opioids. Treatment often included antibiotics administered in case protozoan encephalomyelitis or translocated bacterial meningitis was present. Supportive measures included bladder care and physiotherapy. Several dogs were left with permanent neural deficits. Dogs are an important sentinel species for NA. Human cases and numerous cases in tawny frogmouths were reported from the same regions as affected dogs over the study period. PMID:22480148

  11. PhD Scholarship on radionuclide biogeochemistry and radioactive site remediation

    E-print Network

    New South Wales, University of

    aimed at understanding radionuclide biogeochemistry and to examine sustainable strategies to limit off suburbs of Sydney, close to Sydney's most popular beaches, parks and only 20 minutes from Sydney Airport

  12. SUNY Programs: Australia and

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: Australia and New Zealand Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use this Booklet 1 Choosing a Program in Australia and New Zealand 2 Exchange vs. Study in New Zealand 13 Short-term Programs in Australia and New Zealand 15 Contact Information for other SUNY

  13. Australia NO REGISTRATION NUMBER

    E-print Network

    #12;#12;Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece Ireland Italy Japan Macedonia Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Turkey UK USA Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece Australia 2 2 Austria 1 3 Belgium 1 4 Cyprus 1 5 France 3 6 Germany 1 7 Greece 5 8 Ireland 1 9 Italy 15

  14. Postgraduate Programs 2014 Australia's

    E-print Network

    Li, Jiuyong "John"

    Guide to Postgraduate Programs 2014 #12;Studyin Adelaide Australia's educationcity #12;Photo courtesy of Shane Reid 1 #12;Contents 1. Why the University of South Australia is right for you.................................................................................. 85-88 Once again the University of South Australia has been given a 5 star rating for Excellence

  15. Community Care in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helen Keleher

    2003-01-01

    Access and equity are guiding principles for community care in Australia. Community care in Australia is universally provided through Australia's Medicare system, which assures all people access to needed services. The largest community care system, the Home and Community Care Program (HACC), serves frail older and disabled people. The HACC program is undergoing steady reform to provide more seamless transitions

  16. Contextual profiles of young adult Ecstasy users: a multisite study

    PubMed Central

    Ramtekkar, Ujjwal P.; Striley, Catherine W; Cottler, Linda B

    2010-01-01

    These analyses assess contextual profiles of 612 young adult Ecstasy users, 18–30 years of age, from St. Louis (USA), Miami (USA) and Sydney (Australia). Bivariate analyses revealed different contextual factors influencing Ecstasy use. Friends were the most common sources of Ecstasy at all sites and most used with friends. St. Louis and Miami use mostly occurred in residences, whereas in Sydney use was mostly at clubs, bars or restaurants. Ecstasy consumption at public places and in cars, trains or ferries was significantly higher in Miami (89% and 77%) than in St. Louis (67% and 65%) and Sydney (67% and 61%). At all sites, simultaneous use of LSD/mushroom and nitrous oxide with Ecstasy was common; concurrent amphetamines predominated in Sydney and heroin/opiates in St. Louis Contextual factors influencing Ecstasy use among young adults vary by geographic region. Their inclusion may help tailor effective prevention programs to reduce or ameliorate Ecstasy use. PMID:21094585

  17. Australia and New Zealand Coordinating Lead Authors

    E-print Network

    Green, Donna

    11 Australia and New Zealand Coordinating Lead Authors: Kevin Hennessy (Australia), Blair Fitzharris (New Zealand) Lead Authors: Bryson C. Bates (Australia), Nick Harvey (Australia), Mark Howden (Australia), Lesley Hughes (Australia), Jim Salinger (New Zealand), Richard Warrick (New Zealand

  18. Australia’s notifiable diseases status 2001

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charlie Blumer; Paul Roche; Jenean Spencer; Ming Lin; Alison Milton; Chris Bunn; Heather Gidding; Martyn Kirk; Tony Della-porta; Robyn Leader; Phil Wright; David Witteveen; Scott Crerar

    Abstract In 2001 there were 104,187 notifications of communicable diseases in Australia reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). The number of notifications in 2001 was an increase of 16 per cent of those

  19. SPRU Wednesday Seminar Date 19 June 2013

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    public awareness of and engagement with low carbon energy technologies, especially Coal Seam Gas, Australia) Title The Paradox of Measurable Counterfactuals: Performing the efficiency of emissions trading South Wales (Sydney, Australia) in 2013 as Research Fellow on the project 'Between Social Enterprise

  20. Brief Curriculum Vitae of Dr Christopher C. Tisdell Contact details

    E-print Network

    Tisdell, Chris

    Brief Curriculum Vitae of Dr Christopher C. Tisdell Contact details: School of Mathematics & Statistics The University of New South Wales UNSW, Sydney, NSW, 2052 AUSTRALIA Email: cct@unsw.edu.au Ph: +61://web.maths.unsw.edu.au/~cct Education: Ph.D in Mathematics, The University of Queensland (UQ), Brisbane, Australia, 2002. B.A. (Hons I

  1. DR. PETER R. OKE CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research

    E-print Network

    Oke, Peter

    DR. PETER R. OKE CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Castray Esplanade, GPO Box 1538 Hobart, TAS, 7001, Australia Phone: +61-3-6232-5387 Fax: +61-3-6232-5123 Email: peter.oke@csiro.au http://www.cmar.csiro, Sydney, NSW Australia, 1992-1995. Employment history: Research Scientist, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric

  2. UNSW Careers Expo 2013: Booth Locations Name of organisation Booth

    E-print Network

    Blennerhassett, Peter

    CEB 27 Cisco Systems 85 City of Sydney Community Development 113 Commonwealth Bank 52 Contact Singapore 26 CPA Australia 33 CSA Mine Glencore 102 Daikin/OYL 75 Defence Graduate Opportunities 78 and 79 of Public Accountants 50 Integrated Research 84 Intellectual Property Australia 48 Jangho Curtain Wall

  3. To appear in IEEE Transactions on Communications, accepted Sep. 2008. Performance of Vector Perturbation Multiuser

    E-print Network

    Chen, Zhuo

    are used to deliver independent data streams to multiple users via a multi-user technique known as vector of Sydney, AUSTRALIA, dan@ee.usyd.edu.au 2 Wireless Technologies Laboratory, CSIRO ICT Centre, AUSTRALIA 3, May 2008. The work of R. W. Heath was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under grant

  4. Story Telling: Australian Indigenous Women's Means of Health Promotion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Kaye; Acklin, F.; Newman, J.; Arbon, V.; Trindal, A.; Bermingham, M.; Thompson, B.

    Story-telling, an oral tradition of the indigenous peoples of Australia, was recorded on video as a vehicle for conveying health promotion messages in several urban Aboriginal (Koori) communities in Sydney, Australia. The video was made by a group of Koori women Elders and two female Aboriginal academics. The Elders integrated their personal…

  5. Symmetry Breaking Toby Walsh #

    E-print Network

    Walsh, Toby

    Symmetry Breaking Toby Walsh # National ICT Australia and School of CSE, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, tw@cse.unsw.edu.au Symmetry occurs in many problems in aritifical intelligence be able to swap them around without changing the performance of the computer. Symmetries come in many di

  6. Creating an Optimistic Future for Indigenous Research in Education: Re-Visioning Both Outcome and Process. Panel Presentation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanchard, Michelle; McKnight, Anthony; Lui-Chivizhe, Leah; Wray, Debbie; French, Kath; Sherwood, Juanita; Galleguillos, Sharon; Smith, Arthur

    A panel of Indigenous staff from the Koori Centre of the University of Sydney (Australia) presented challenges, issues, and opportunities facing the field of Indigenous research in education. A new paradigm for Indigenous research is emerging in Australia that recognizes the value and efficacy of Indigenous knowledge systems and that aims to…

  7. An outbreak of cholera in Australia due to food served in flight on an international aircraft

    PubMed Central

    Sutton, R. G. A.

    1974-01-01

    An outbreak of cholera occurred in November 1972 among passengers on an aircraft that had flown from London to Sydney. The infection was confined to economy-class passengers and the available evidence indicates that it was due to a dish of hors d'œuvres served on the aircraft between Bahrain and Singapore. Although one person died, the infection was generally mild, and almost half of those infected were symptomless. There was a significant difference between the immunization status of persons with clinical illness and the immunization status of other passengers. Current cholera immunization appeared to play a significant role in preventing symptoms of the disease, but it did not prevent a person becoming a carrier of the organism. PMID:4526408

  8. Provenance and structural constraints of the early Permian Nambucca Block (eastern Australia), and implications for the origin of the New England oroclines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaanan, Uri; Rosenbaum, Gideon; Li, Pengfei; Vasconcelos, Paulo; Wormald, Richard

    2014-05-01

    The late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic southern New England Orogen of eastern Australia exhibits a remarkable omega-shaped orogenic curvature (orocline), but the geodynamic processes responsible for the formation of the orogenic curvatures (oroclines) are still unclear. Oroclinal bending took place during the early Permian, simultaneously with the development of rift-related sedimentary basins (Sydney, Gunnedah and Bowen basins), which bound the oroclines to the west. The Nambucca Block is part of another early Permian rift basin that is situated farther east, in the core of the oroclinal structure. We present new stratigraphic, structural and geochronological data from the Nambucca Block in an attempt to better understand its provenance, tectonic history and its role in the formation of the oroclines. Four phases of folding and associated structural fabrics are recognised in the Nambucca Block. 40Ar/39Ar age of metamorphic micas from the second deformational phase provides a minimum depositional age constraint at 275-265 Ma. This age overlaps with the timing of oroclinal bending, suggesting that the first two phases of deformation resulted from the same mechanism that formed the oroclines. Detrital zircon geochronology (U/Pb ICP-MS ages) of six samples from the Nambucca Block constrains the maximum depositional age of the sequence to 280 Ma. The sedimentary succession, though extremely polymictic, is unimodal in its sources, and is therefore interpreted to consist mainly of recycled detritus from a Devonian-Carboniferous accretionary complex. We propose a model for oroclinal bending involving three stages. The first stage, starting at about 293 Ma and including the deposition of the sequence of Nambucca (i.e. overlaps with the 280-265 Ma time constraint), was associated with formation of rift basins in an extensional backarc setting. This was followed by N-S contraction, which gave rise to second-order oroclinal structures. The third and final stage involved contractional deformation that gave rise to recumbent folds and penetrative sub-horizontal structural fabrics at 275-265 Ma and further tightened the oroclinal structure.

  9. Rural Australia Providing Climate Solutions

    E-print Network

    Queensland, University of

    Rural Australia Providing Climate Solutions Preliminary report to the Agricultural Alliance, Rural Australia Providing Climate Solutions. Preliminary report to the Australian Agricultural Alliance of Australia South Australian Farmers Federation Visy Western Australian Farmers Federation (Inc) Westpac

  10. Community Music in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Gillian

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a historical perspective to the development of community music in Australia. Finding political support in Australia's progressive arts policies of the late 1970s, community music is discussed as embracing the principles of access and equity and supporting the development of musical skills in the context of social change and…

  11. Biodiesel Association of Australia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Biodiesel Association of Australia (BAA) "was founded in late 2000 to ensure that the biodiesel industry is established and flourishes in Australia." The BAA website contains basic, concise information about biodiesel; links to related news articles; downloadable BAA newsletters and biodiesel-related documents; an online discussion forum; and a collection of related links.

  12. Employment Polarisation in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Dawkins; Paul Gregg; Rosanna Scutella

    2002-01-01

    Whilst employment levels in Australia are healthy when compared to those twenty years ago, the available work has become increasingly polarised into either all-work or no-work households. This paper measures the extent of polarisation that has taken place in Australia since 1982 with a measure that accounts for changes in individual based employment and family structure. We find that employment

  13. > BUREAU HOME > AUSTRALIA > QUEENSLAND > FORECASTS MARINE SERVICE

    E-print Network

    Greenslade, Diana

    > BUREAU HOME > AUSTRALIA > QUEENSLAND > FORECASTS MARINE SERVICE IMPROVEMENTS FOR QUEENSLAND across Australia. FURTHER INFORMATION: www.bom.gov.au/NexGenFWS © Commonwealth of Australia, 2013 From © Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2013, Bureau of Meteorology Queensland Australia Coastal Waters Zones

  14. Fugitive methane emissions from natural, urban, agricultural, and energy-production landscapes of eastern Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kelly, Bryce F. J.; Iverach, Charlotte P.; Lowry, Dave; Fisher, Rebecca E.; France, James L.; Nisbet, Euan G.

    2015-04-01

    Modern cavity ringdown spectroscopy systems (CRDS) enable the continuous measurement of methane concentration. This allows for improved quantification of greenhouse gas emissions associated with various natural and human landscapes. We present a subset of over 4000 km of continuous methane surveying along the east coast of Australia, made using a Picarro G2301 CRDS, deployed in a utility vehicle with an air inlet above the roof at 2.2 mAGL. Measurements were made every 5 seconds to a precision of <0.5 ppb for CH4. These surveys were undertaken during dry daytime hours and all measurements were moisture corrected. We compare the concentration of methane in the near surface atmosphere adjacent to open-cut coal mines, unconventional gas developments (coal seam gas; CSG), and leaks detected in cities and country towns. In areas of dryland crops the median methane concentration was 1.78 ppm, while in the irrigation districts located on vertisol soils the concentration was as low as 1.76 ppm, which may indicate that these soils are a sink for methane. In the Hunter Valley, New South Wales, open-cut coal mining district we mapped a continuous 50 km interval where the concentration of methane exceeded 1.80 ppm. The median concentration in this interval was 2.02 ppm. Peak readings were beyond the range of the reliable measurement (in excess of 3.00 ppm). This extended plume is an amalgamation of plumes from 17 major pits 1 to 10 km in length. Adjacent to CSG developments in the Surat Basin, southeast Queensland, only small anomalies were detected near the well-heads. Throughout the vast majority of the gas fields the concentration of methane was below 1.80 ppm. The largest source of fugitive methane associated with CSG was off-gassing methane from the co-produced water holding ponds. At one location the down wind plume had a cross section of approximately 1 km where the concentration of methane was above 1.80 ppm. The median concentration within this section was 1.82 ppm, with a peak reading of 2.11 ppm. The ambient air methane concentration was always higher in urban environments compared to the surrounding countryside. Along one major road in Sydney we mapped an interval that extended for 6 km where the concentration was greater than 1.80 ppm. The median concentration in this interval was 1.90 ppm, with a peak reading of 1.97 ppm. This high reading in an urban setting is most likely due to leaks from the domestic gas distribution system. Methane leaks were detected in all country towns. Our measurements show that at the point of resource extraction the methane emission footprint of CSG is smaller than that of open-cut coal mining. However, leaking gas from urban centers must be added to the fugitive emissions of CSG to calculate the total fugitive emission footprint of CSG, which may therefore not be as low as claimed in the national greenhouse gas accounts. Our results highlight the need for additional continuous monitoring of methane emissions from all sectors, and for the full life-cycle of energy resources to be considered.

  15. Back Packing in Australia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Australia Back Packers' Guide offers travelers information about Australian culture, native animals, educational places to visit, bushwalking and climbing, employment opportunities, embassy information, hostels and accommodations, tour guides, travel fares, camping, currency exchange rates, International Student Exchange and more.

  16. Crustaceans of Southern Australia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    This intriguing resource on the Crustaceans of Southern Australia is provided by Dr. Gary Poore of the Museum of Victoria. Hundreds of images offer a peak into the diverse and colorful underwaters of Australia; images are accompanied by concise text, offering solid introductory information on the biology of marine crustaceans. Users will find this a worthy educational tool to learn more about Australian crustaceans from barnacles to crabs, ghost shrimps to lobsters.

  17. Employment Polarisation in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Dawkins; Paul Gregg; Rosanna Scutella

    2002-01-01

    Whilst employment levels in Australia are healthy when compared to those twenty years ago, the available work has become increasingly polarised into either all-work or no-work households. This paper measures the extent of polarisation that has taken place in Australia between 1982 and 1997\\/98 with a measure of polarisation that accounts for changes in individual based employment. Initially we measure

  18. Enhanced pharmacy services, barriers and facilitators in Australia’s community pharmacies: Australia’s National Pharmacy Database Project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Constantine G Berbatis; V Bruce Sunderland; Andrew Joyce; Max K Bulsara; Christina Mills

    2007-01-01

    Objective:To report the frequency of 27 enhanced pharmacy services (EPS) provided in Australia’s community pharmacies and to analyse barriers and facilitators for providing priority services.\\u000aSetting: A large representative sample of community pharmacies in Australia in 2002. Method Questionnaires were mailed to owners or managers of a stratified, representative sample of Australia’s community pharmacies; 1131of 1391 consenting pharmacies responded (81.3%).

  19. Scholarships Office Jane Foss Russell Building G02

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    : · University of Sydney Travelling Scholarships · University of Sydney Grants in Aid · University of Sydney stated in the conditions of award for specific scholarships offered under the grants-in-aid programme1 Scholarships Office Level 5 Jane Foss Russell Building G02 The University of Sydney NSW 2006

  20. CRICOS 00026A ABN 15 211 513 464

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    @supra.usyd.edu.au sydney.edu.au/supra Sydney Uni Sport & Fitness University Sports & Aquatic Centre Camperdown/Darlington Campus T +61 2 9351 4960 E admin@sport.usyd.edu.au sydney.edu.au/susf The University of Sydney Union (USU Card Centre The Campus Card Centre is responsible for all card production for the University, including

  1. In International ICSC Congress on Intelligent Systems and Applications (ISA'2000), Special Session on Knowledge Based Systems in Medicine, December 11-15 2000, Sydney.

    E-print Network

    Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

    health- maintenance. This requirement necessitates a re- evaluation and re-design of the information and healthcare requirements, and (2) proactive just-in-time delivery combining both push (system- maintenance requirements--would subsequently be periodically refreshed based on: (1) additional EMR- related

  2. Multigene phylogeny reveals eusociality evolved twice in vespid wasps Heather M. Hines, James H. Hunt, Timothy K. O'Connor, Joseph J. Gillespie, and Sydney A.

    E-print Network

    Cameron, Sydney A.

    Multigene phylogeny reveals eusociality evolved twice in vespid wasps Cameron Heather M. Hines reveals eusociality evolved twice in vespid wasps Heather M. Hines , James H. Hunt , Timothy K. O, 2006) Eusocial wasps of the family Vespidae are thought to have derived their social behavior from

  3. Proceedings of the 2006 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2006), pages 208215, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    Conati, Cristina

    Analysis and Automatic Recognition for F * R * I * E * N * D * S * Amruta Purandare and Diane Litman Intelligent Systems Program University of Pittsburgh amruta,litman @cs.pitt.edu Abstract We analyze humorous. There has been a considerable amount of research on incor- porating affect (Litman and Forbes-Riley, 2004

  4. Strategies for the municipal waste management system to take advantage of carbon trading under competing policies: The role of energy from waste in Sydney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ali El Hanandeh; Abbas El-Zein

    2009-01-01

    Climate change is a driving force behind some recent environmental legislation around the world. Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets have been set in many industrialised countries. A change in current practices of almost all greenhouse-emitting industrial sectors is unavoidable, if the set targets is to be achieved. Although, waste disposal contributes around 3% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in

  5. Proceedings of the 2006 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2006), pages 399407, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    Kirchhoff, Katrin

    comparisons on three transductive algorithms: Trans- ductive SVMs, Spectral Graph Transduc- ers, and a novel domains and leads to significant im- provements in tagging accuracy for dialec- tal Arabic. 1 Introduction learning in resource- poor languages can be best viewed as transduc- tive learning. The main contribution

  6. Chemotaxonomy for naturally macerated tree-fern cuticles (Medullosales and Marattiales), Carboniferous Sydney and Mabou Sub-Basins, Nova Scotia, Canada

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Zodrow, E.L.; Mastalerz, Maria

    2001-01-01

    Naturally macerated cuticles (NMC) and one synangium, representing medullosalean and marattialean tree-fern species, from two Carboniferous coalfields in Nova Scotia, Canada, are investigated. The samples were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and by pyrolysis-gas chromatograph/mass spectrometry (py-Gc/Ms) techniques in search for chemical signatures that would help in developing a chemotaxonomic classification of Carboniferous fern species, assuming genetically dependent make-up of cuticles. FTIR-derived CH2/CH3 ratios, in conjunction with contributions from carboxyl groups, demonstrated a better potential for discriminating between medullosalean genera and species than molecular signatures obtained by py-Gc/Ms. However, the latter provided better data for differentiating medullosalean from marattialean tree ferns as a group. Changes in the chemical make-up of naturally macerated cuticles due to sample preparation are discussed. ?? 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Re-building a war-torn Afghanistan - the focus for Canadian Ambassadors' lecture at Notre Dame

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Moira Saunders

    2010-01-01

    Canada’s role in re-building a war torn Afghanistan after decades of conflict was the focus for the Canadian Ambassador of Afghanistan’s only public lecture during his visit to Australia.Hosted by the School of Arts and Sciences at The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus, Ambassador William Crosbie’s talk focused on the UN-mandated, NATO-led mission to bring peace and refuge

  8. Australia's polio risk.

    PubMed

    Martin, Nicolee; Paterson, Beverley J; Durrheim, David N

    2014-06-01

    Australia, like all polio-free countries and regions, remains at risk of a wild poliovirus importation until polio is eradicated globally. The most probable route of importation will be through a traveller arriving in Australia either by air or sea from a polio-endemic or re-infected country. While the overall risk of an imported wild poliovirus infection leading to transmission within Australia is assessed as being low, some areas of the country have been identified as at increased risk. Local areas with relatively high arrivals from polio endemic countries, areas of low vaccination coverage and the potential for transmission to occur when these 2 factors are combined, were identified by this review as Australia's main polio risk. The risk of an importation event leading to locally acquired cases is mitigated by generally high polio vaccination coverage in Australia. This high coverage extends to residents of the Torres Strait Islands who are in close proximity to Papua New Guinea, a country identified as at high risk of poliovirus transmission should an importation occur. In 2012, all states and territories had vaccination coverage of greater than 90% at 1 year of age and all exceeded 93% at 2 years of age. Population immunity to wild poliovirus type 1, which remains the major cause of paralysis globally, has been estimated at 82%. This is sufficient to prevent outbreaks of this type in Australia. Of the 211 eligible non-polio acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases classified between 2008 and 2011, 91% (193) were vaccinated against polio at least once. High quality surveillance for AFP, which is supplemented by sentinel enterovirus and environmental surveillance activities, gives confidence that an imported case would be detected and appropriate public health action would ensue. PMID:25222205

  9. Australia Telescope National Facility

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Australia Telescope National Facility manages four large, state of the art radio telescopes in Southeast Australia. ATNFâ??s web site is a complex configuration of resources for researchers, technicians, educators, and cosmology buffs. Amateur enthusiasts will want to navigate to the Outreach section, with its trove of photographs and educational materials. In particular, check out the Cosmic engine for senior students, an overview of past and current theories of the universe. Here youâ??ll find modules such as Early Models of the Universe and The Lives of Stars. Also in Outreach, What is Radio Astronomy? provides a welcome overview of the technical basics of these impressive examples of modern technology.

  10. Commonwealth of Australia STATUTORY DECLARATION

    E-print Network

    Chen, Ying

    Commonwealth of Australia STATUTORY DECLARATION Statutory Declarations Act 1959 1 Insert the name or Territory, or the High Court of Australia, as a legal practitioner (however described); or (3) a person who or place outside Australia; and (b) authorised under paragraph 3 (d) of the Consular Fees Act 1955; and (c

  11. MURDOCH UNIVERSITY PERTH, WESTERN AUSTRALIA

    E-print Network

    MURDOCH UNIVERSITY PERTH, WESTERN AUSTRALIA INAUGRATION CEREMONY 17TH SEPTEMBER, 1974 #12;ORDER OF PROCEEDINGS His Excellency the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr, K.C.M.G., K. St. J., Q Murdoch University, the second university to be established in Western Australia, and the eighteenth

  12. Private Equity in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Westcott

    2009-01-01

    Private equity investment in Australia has changed in both extent and nature over the last few years. In particular, transactions where a private equity fund buys out a mature publicly listed company have increased. The targeting of ‘iconic’ companies such as Qantas by private equity heightened the concerns held in some quarters of the possible impact of private equity ownership

  13. Radiotracer applications in Australia

    SciTech Connect

    Airey, P.L. [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Menai (Australia); Charlton, J.S. [Lucas Heights Research Lab., Menai (Australia)

    1994-12-31

    Radioisotope tracers have been applied in Australia since the early 1950`s to a wide range of industrial and environmental problems. A number of key projects are described. A development of a commercial service through the Tracerco Australasia joint venture is outlined. The challenges and opportunities facing tracer technology in the modem industrial era are examined.

  14. English in Australia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jernudd, Bjorn H.

    This paper provides a review of "English Transported: Essays on Australasian English," edited by W. S. Ramson. The book is a collection of articles on the various types of English spoken mainly in Australia and New Zealand. Articles discuss such varieties as nineteenth and twentieth century Australian English, New Zealand English, Pidgin English…

  15. Australia's Regional Youth Exodus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, M.

    2002-01-01

    Examines media coverage of youth outmigration from Tasmania in the context of Australia's regional crisis. Focuses on how young people are constructed by others and positioned in others' visions of their rural home towns. Discusses two recurring narratives: strategies to keep youth at home, and preoccupation with the "best and brightest" young…

  16. PV applications in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muriel Watt

    1996-01-01

    For a vast, sparsely populated continent like Australia, effective remote area telecommunications, power supplies, navigation aids and transport route signalling are critical and expensive. PV provides an attractive alternative to diesel and central grid supplies for maintaining these links. Over the last 10 years, another PV market has developed in water pumping and in remote electricity supply. Solar car races

  17. Mathematical Sciences in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Jan; Muchatuta, Michelle; Wood, Leigh

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates enrolment trends in mathematical sciences in Australian universities. Data has been difficult to extract and the coding for mathematical disciplines has made investigation challenging. We show that the number of mathematics major undergraduates in Australia is steadily declining though the number studying…

  18. Constructing Racism in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Forrest; Ian Burnley

    There is a dearth of empirical evidence on the extent of racist attitudes, broadly defined, in Australia. A telephone survey of 5056 residents in Queensland and NSW examined attitudes to cultural difference, perceptions of the extent of racism, tolerance of specific groups, ideology of nation, perceptions of Anglo-Celtic cultural privilege, and belief in racialism, racial separatism and racial hierarchy. The

  19. Australia declared polio free

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rennie M. D'Souza; Margery Kennett; Charles Watson

    For Australia to be declared polio free, evidence of the absence of circulation of wild poliovirus was required by the Regional Commission for the Certification of Eradication of Poliomyelitis in the Western Pacific in August 2000. Data on surveillance of poliomyelitis, acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), vaccine associated paralytic polio and enteroviruses were provided to document the absence of circulation of

  20. Australia: a full house.

    PubMed

    Short, R

    1994-01-01

    Australia had a population of 17.6 million in 1991. In 1992, Australia's population grew at the rate of 1.06%, 0.8% due to natural increase and 0.26% from immigration. The recent Australian Bureau of Statistics Report estimates that it will grow to 18.9 million by the end of the century and 23.1 million by 2025, assuming fertility remains at current levels and net migration stabilizes at 70,000 per annum from the year 2000. The World Bank estimates that Australia's population will stabilize at 25 million some time in the future. Since Australia's politicians and economists fail to understand that the country already has a large enough population, no national population policy has been declared. The Department of Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, responsible for all population issues, gives no thought to the long-term environmental consequences of the rapidly growing population and determines the annual migrant intake simply on the basis of the nation's economic needs, demands from new immigrants for admission of their next of kin, and humanitarian considerations with regard to refugees. Population growth in Australia needs to be checked as soon as possible. Reducing the annual migrant intake to below 50,000, Australia could achieve a stable population of approximately 23 million by 2040; the annual intake of 150,000 immigrants will grow the population to 37 million. The total fertility rate (TFR) has been below replacement level since 1976, but the population's skewed age distribution will cause it to continue to grow through natural increase at the current rate of approximately 0.8% per year for some time to come. Improving educational opportunities for women and ensuring that all have ready access to modern contraception could help produce a further decline in TFR. Moreover, education about contraception must be made a part of every school curriculum. Steps taken now may avert any future flood of millions of ecological refugees from Southeast Asia, particularly Indonesia, to Australia. PMID:12319978