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1

Sydney  

Atmospheric Science Data Center

... metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000 Olympic Games, which opened Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the rugged-shaped ... central city area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast. ...

2013-04-16

2

GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014 School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, UNSW, Sydney,  

E-print Network

GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014 School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, UNSW, Sydney, Australia The International Scene: How Precise-15) President International Association of Geodesy (2011-15) #12;GNSS Futures, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014

Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

3

"Sydney sandstone": Heritage Stone from Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney is Australia's oldest city being founded in 1788. The city was fortunate to be established on an extensive and a relatively undeformed layer of lithified quartz sandstone of Triassic age that has proved to be an ideal building stone. The stone has been long identified by geologists as the Hawkesbury Sandstone. On the other hand the term "Sydney sandstone" has also been widely used over a long period, even to the extent of being utilised as the title of published books, so its formal designation as a heritage stone will immediately formalise this term. The oldest international usage is believed to be its use in the construction of the Stone Store at Kerikeri, New Zealand (1832-1836). In the late 19th century, public buildings such as hospitals, court houses as well as the prominent Sydney Town Hall, Sydney General Post Office, Art Gallery of New South Wales, State Library of New South Wales as well as numerous schools, churches, office building buildings, University, hotels, houses, retaining walls were all constructed using Sydney sandstone. Innumerable sculptures utilising the gold-coloured stone also embellished the city ranging from decorative friezes and capitals on building to significant monuments. Also in the late 19th and early 20th century, Sydney sandstone was used for major construction in most other major Australian cities especially Melbourne, Adelaide and Brisbane to the extent that complaints were expressed that suitable local stone materials were being neglected. Quarrying of Sydney sandstone continues today. In 2000 it was recorded noted that there were 33 significant operating Sydney sandstone quarries including aggregate and dimension stone operations. In addition sandstone continues to be sourced today from construction sites across the city area. Today major dimension stone producers (eg Gosford Quarries) sell Sydney sandstone not only into the Sydney market but also on national and international markets as cladding and paving products as well as block. Recent international projects by Gosford Quarries include Mishima Golf Club in Japan, Al Awadi Tower in Kuwait, New World Resort in China and a Hard Rock Café in Florida, USA. Arguably Sydney sandstone is Australia's most prominent potential Global Heritage Stone Resource and details are readily available in existing publications to make the nomination.

Cooper, Barry; Kramar, Sabina

2014-05-01

4

Space Radar Image of Sydney, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This spaceborne radar image is dominated by the metropolitan area of Australia's largest city, Sydney. Sydney Harbour, with numerous coves and inlets, is seen in the upper center of the image, and the roughly circular Botany Bay is shown in the lower right. The downtown business district of Sydney appears as a bright white area just above the center of the image. The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a white line adjacent to the downtown district. The well-known Sydney Opera House is the small, white dot to the right of the bridge. Urban areas appear yellow, blue and brown. The purple areas are undeveloped areas and park lands. Manly, the famous surfing beach, is shown in yellow at the top center of the image. Runways from the Sydney Airport are the dark features that extend into Botany Bay in the lower right. Botany Bay is the site where Captain James Cook first landed his ship, Endeavour, in 1770. The image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) on April 20, 1994, onboard the space shuttle Endeavour. The area shown is 33 kilometers by 38kilometers (20 miles by 23 miles) and is centered at 33.9 degrees south latitude, 151.2 degrees east longitude. North is toward the upper left. The colors are assigned to different radar frequenciesand polarizations as follows: red is L-band, vertically transmittedand horizontally received; green is C-band, vertically transmitted and horizontally received; and blue is C-band, vertically transmittedand received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italianand United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth. #####

1994-01-01

5

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF DIETETICS Sydney Australia, 5-8 September 2012  

E-print Network

16TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF DIETETICS Sydney Australia, 5-8 September 2012 www.icd2012.com International Congress of Dietetics in Sydney, Australia from 5-8 September 2012. SPECIAL INTEREST SESSION 12

Anderson, Jim

6

The 2000 Olympic Games: A Climatology for Sydney, Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Meteorologists attending or following the 2000 Summer Olympics will enjoy the data tables, maps, and discussion of Sydney, Australia's climatology provided in this 22-page publication. For example, average temperature, rainfall, and wind direction data for this Olympic venue are given. Color maps accompany text and tables.

7

Online cake cutting NICTA and UNSW Sydney, Australia  

E-print Network

Online cake cutting Toby Walsh NICTA and UNSW Sydney, Australia Email: Toby.Walsh@nicta.com.au Abstract. We propose an online form of the cake cutting problem. This mod- els situations where agents to such online problems. We propose some fairness properties that online cake cutting procedures can possess like

Walsh, Toby

8

SEROLOGICAL EVALUATION OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM OOCYSTS FINDINGS IN THE WATER SUPPLY OF SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

EPA Science Inventory

From July to September, 1998, high levels of Cryptospordium oocysts and Giardia cysts were detected in Sydney, Australia drinking water. To evaluate whether Sydney residents had an elevated risk of infection, serological responses to two Cryptospordium antigen groups (15/17 - an...

9

MISR Looks at Sydney and the Southeastern Australia Coast  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image from MISR's nadir-looking camera was acquired on July 11, 2000 (Terra orbit 3009) and shows a 200-kilometer section of the eastern Australian coast, centered around the Sydney metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000 Olympics Games, which open Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the rugged-shaped inlet toward the northern side of the grey-colored central city area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast.

The areas to the north, west, and south of Sydney are characterized by rugged terrain and extensive forests. Just north of the city the Ku-ring-gai Chase and Brisbane Waters National Parks surround the Hawkesbury River estuary. Further north and separated from the ocean by narrow dunes are a series of lakes, the two largest in this image being Lake Macquarie (at the top) and Tuggerah Lake.

West of the metropolitan area, some 65 kilometers inland, are the Blue Mountains. The primary transport corridor for road and rail across the mountains is clearly visible, and just north of it is the steep-sided Grose River valley. In the southern part of the mountains is a series of long valleys filled by Lake Burragorang, a major source of Sydney's water supply.

South of Sydney's central area are Botany Bay, Bate Bay and Port Hacking, and the Royal National Park. Further south, the forested coastline gives way to the city of Wollongong, the adjacent steel-making complex at Port Kembla, and Lake Illawarra.

MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

2000-01-01

10

Plasma selenium concentrations in a Sikh population in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Selenium is essential for humans because it protects the heart against cardiomyopathy. It may also reduce ischaemic heart disease owing to its antioxidant activity. It is known that Indian migrants in a number of countries have high incidences of ischaemic heart disease. In this study, fasting plasma selenium concentrations of Sikh migrants in Sydney (Australia) were measured to investigate whether selenium concentration is reduced in this community. The mean concentration of selenium in plasma (91.8 +/- 15.0 ng ml-1, n = 196) was within the normal range. A significantly higher plasma selenium concentration was demonstrated in males than in females (p < 0.01). This was mainly due to the difference in mean selenium concentrations between genders in vegetarians because no significant difference was observed in non-vegetarian males versus females. The mean concentration of selenium in teetotal males was similar to those who consumed alcohol. Despite significant variations with gender and diet, the selenium concentrations were within the normal range. The results suggest that selenium status is adequate in the Sikh community even though vegetarian diet is common and alcohol use is condones in males. PMID:9709481

Dhindsa, H S; Bermingham, M A; Mierzwa, J; Sullivan, D

1998-05-01

11

OneVentures Pty Ltd Level 2, 18 Bulletin Place, Sydney, NSW 2000 Australia  

E-print Network

OneVentures Pty Ltd Level 2, 18 Bulletin Place, Sydney, NSW 2000 Australia Office +61 (2) 8205 7379 technologies in Australia and was acquired by a UK publicly listed company returning $30m cash and an excellent, Australia's National ICT centre of excellence. She also has a number of advisory positions with One

Chen, Ying

12

The recovery of oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) populations in Sydney estuary (Australia).  

PubMed

The current work documented a significant and widespread increase in the abundance of the Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea glomerata, in Sydney estuary (Australia) by undertaking surveys of oyster density in the estuary in 1989 and annually from 1994 to 2006. Oyster density at six control sites located in nearby National Parks unaffected by boating and stormwater discharges were compared to 17 study sites widely distributed within Sydney estuary. No oyster populations were evident in Sydney estuary in 1989; however, by 1994 oysters had colonised areas of the lower and central estuary and by 2002 densities were statistically similar to control sites. The timing of estuary-wide increases in oyster abundance suggests that the partial banning of tributyltin in 1989 for vessels under 25 m long may have played a major role in the increase of S. glomerata in this estuary. PMID:24062067

Birch, G F; Scammell, M S; Besley, C H

2014-01-01

13

Everyday astronomy @ Sydney Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Catering to a broad range of audiences, including many non-English speaking visitors, Sydney Observatory offers everything from school programmes to public sessions, day care activities to night observing, personal interactions to web-based outreach. With a history of nearly 150 years of watching the heavens, Sydney Observatory is now engaged in sharing the wonder with everybody in traditional and innovative ways. Along with time-honoured tours of the sky through two main telescopes, as well as a small planetarium, Sydney Observatory also boasts a 3D theatre, and offers programmes 363 days a year - rain or shine, day and night. Additionally, our website neversleeps, with a blog, YouTube videos, and night sky watching podcasts. And for good measure, a sprinkling of special events such as the incomparable Festival of the Stars, for which most of northern Sydney turns out their lights. Sydney Observatory is the oldest working observatory in Australia, and we're thrilled to be looking forward to our 150th Anniversary next year in anticipation of the International Year of Astronomy immediately thereafter.

Parello, S. L.

2008-06-01

14

World Energy Congress, Sydney, Australia September 5-9, 2004 OFFSHORE WIND POWER: EASING A RENEWABLE  

E-print Network

19 th World Energy Congress, Sydney, Australia September 5-9, 2004 1 OFFSHORE WIND POWER: EASING By the end of 2003, the worldwide installed capacity of grid-connected wind power exceeded 40GW corresponding exponentially over a 25-year period and in the process the cost of energy from wind power plants has been

15

Proc ACUN-5 "Developments in Composites: Advanced, Infrastructural, Natural and Nano-compsoites", UNSW, SYDNEY, Australia,  

E-print Network

Proc ACUN-5 "Developments in Composites: Advanced, Infrastructural, Natural and Nano-compsoites", UNSW, SYDNEY, Australia, 11-14 July 2006 High modulus carbon fiber materials for retrofit of steel_rizkalla@ncsu.edu Abstract This paper summarizes the research work dealing with the use of high modulus carbon fiber

16

A synoptic climatology of pollen concentrations during the six warmest months in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper takes an air mass approach to investigating the influence of weather on pollen concentrations in the atmosphere in Sydney, Australia, by producing a synoptic classification of pollen concentrations measured in the Sydney Basin. This synoptic classification has been produced using multivariate statistical techniques including principal component analysis and cluster analysis, to assign days into meteorologically homogenous categories. Surface and upper air meteorological data for warm months (October-March) over a 10-year period were used as input into the statistical analyses. Eleven synoptic categories were found in Sydney during the warm months. Pollen concentrations for the total pollen load and five individual families measured over a 3.5-year period have been investigated for each of the synoptic categories. High pollen concentrations during the warm months in Sydney are found to be influenced by the presence of a region of low surface pressure located to the south of the continent, bringing fast dry westerly gradient winds to Sydney. It is envisaged that these results will be important from a pollen forecast and associated public health perspective.

Hart, Melissa Anne; de Dear, Richard; Beggs, Paul John

2007-01-01

17

*Correspondence to: Qing Hua Qin, Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia  

E-print Network

*Correspondence to: Qing Hua Qin, Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering IN ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng 2000; 48:1071}1088 BEM for crack-inclusion problems of plane thermopiezoelectric solids Qing Hua Qin*R and Meng Lu Department of Mechanical Engineering, ;niversity of Sydney

Qin, Qinghua

18

Identification of lead sources in residential environments: Sydney Australia.  

PubMed

Interior and exterior dust, soil and paint were analysed at five brick urban Sydney homes over 15 months to evaluate temporal variations and discriminate sources of lead (Pb) exposure. Exterior dust gauge Pb loading rates (?g/m(2)/28 days), interior vacuum dust Pb concentrations (mg/kg) and interior petri-dish Pb loading rates (?g/m(2)/28 days), were correlated positively with soil Pb concentrations. Exterior dust gauge Pb loading rates and interior vacuum dust Pb concentrations peaked in the summer. Lead isotope and Pb speciation (XAS) were analysed in soil and vacuum dust samples from three of the five houses that had elevated Pb concentrations. Results show that the source of interior dust lead was primarily from soil in two of the three houses and from soil and Pb paint in the third home. IEUBK child blood Pb modelling predicts that children's blood Pb levels could exceed 5 ?g/dL in two of the five houses. PMID:24071634

Laidlaw, M A S; Zahran, S; Pingitore, N; Clague, J; Devlin, G; Taylor, M P

2014-01-01

19

High-Resolution View of Fires and Smoke near Sydney, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Smoke obscures much of the landscape near Sydney, Australia, in the true-color image above (top). However, the areas with active fires are revealed by the false-color image (bottom), which was made using shortwave infrared data that are sensitive to heat and provide the ability to 'see' through smoke. In the bottom scene, the black areas show fresh burn scars, while greens show landscape untouched by fire. Apparently, the fire burned up to the edge of a road (the thin black line snaking from the lefthand side of the image and disappearing off the bottom) and was unable to jump across. The thick dark line along the bottom of the scene is a river. Both images were made using data acquired on December 28, 2001, by the Advanced Land Imager (ALI), flying aboard NASA's Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite. For more images of the recent fires in Australia, read Smoke Blankets New South Wales, Australia, Fires Continue to Rage Near Sydney, Australia, and Severe Bush Fires Near Sydney, Australia. For more information about the effects of fire on the environment, read the Biomass Burning fact sheet. Images by Robert Simmon, based on data provided by Lawrence Ong, EO-1 Science Team

2002-01-01

20

Managing Submersed Aquatic Plants in the Sydney International Regatta Centre, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sydney International Regatta Centre is a $A40 mil- lion dollar facility located at Penrith NSW, Australia. It con- sists of two interconnected shallow lakes, with a capacity of around 3,000 megalitres. The competition lake is 2.3 km long and 170 m wide with an average depth of 5 m, while the warm-up lake has an average depth of 4

D. E. ROBERTS; G. R. SAINTY; S. P. CUMMINS

21

Use of Viral Load to Negotiate Condom Use Among Gay Men in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using two cohort studies (Health in men—HIM and positive health—PH) and repeated large cross-sectional surveys (Gay Community\\u000a Periodic Survey—GCPS) of gay men in Sydney, Australia, we examined the association between viral load and unprotected anal\\u000a intercourse (UAI) between HIV sero-discordant regular partners. Between 2001 and 2007, we conducted 243 interviews with 102\\u000a HIV-negative gay men in HIM and 148 interviews

Garrett Prestage; Limin Mao; Susan Kippax; Fengyi Jin; Michael Hurley; Andrew Grulich; John Imrie; John Kaldor; Iryna Zablotska

2009-01-01

22

Earthquake-controlled event deposits and its tectonic significance from the Middle Permian Wandrawandian Siltstone in the Sydney Basin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sydney-Bowen basin in eastern Australia is an elongate back arc-converted foreland basin system situated between the Lachlan\\u000a Fold Belt in the west and the New England Fold Belt in the east. The Middle Permian Wandrawandian Siltstone at Warden Head\\u000a near Ulladulla in the southern Sydney Basin is dominated by fossiliferous siltstone and mudstone, with a large amount of dropstones

Yuansheng Du; G. R. Shi; Yiming Gong

2005-01-01

23

Public–private partnerships and contested cultural heritage tourism in national parks: a case study of the stakeholder views of the North Head Quarantine Station (Sydney, Australia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the public perceptions of stakeholders towards a proposed cultural heritage public–private partnership (PPP) within a national park in Sydney, Australia. Governments in Australia are initiating PPPs for the purposes of designing, planning, constructing and operating projects that would traditionally be regarded as ‘public goods’. The North Head Quarantine Station (Sydney, Australia) was one of the first proposed

Simon Darcy; Stephen Wearing

2009-01-01

24

University of Sydney Description  

E-print Network

. High profile Australians such as former Prime Minister John Howard, Justice Michael Kirby and radio presenter Adam Spencer have been University of Sydney debaters. There are approximately 50,200 students of coffee: AUS$2.50 Cinema ticket: AUS$14.00 The general cost of living in Sydney is higher than in Bristol

Bristol, University of

25

SYDNEY UNIVERSITY WORLD SYDNEY UNIVERSITY WORLD  

E-print Network

WORLD Padraic Wood, writer Paddy is a fourth-year media and communications student at the University Rosa Evaquarta who discuss governance, democracy and decentralisation in Indonesia. We are delighted of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor International. COnTRiBUTORS MIChELLE WOOD #12;1 SYDNEY UNIVERSITY WORLD CONTENTS

Du, Jie

26

Shooting Gallery Operation in the Context of Establishing a Medically Supervised Injecting Center: Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Shooting galleries (SGs) are illicit off-street spaces close to drug markets used for drug injection. Supervised injecting facilities (SIFs) are low threshold health services where injecting drug users (IDUs) can inject pre-obtained drugs under supervision. This study describes SG use in Kings Cross, Sydney before and after the opening of the Sydney Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC), Australia’s first SIF. Operational and environmental characteristics of SGs, reasons for SG use, and willingness to use MSIC were also examined. An exploratory survey of SG users (n?=?31), interviews with SG users (n?=?17), and drug workers (n?=?8), and counts of used needles routinely collected from SGs (6 months before and after MSIC) and visits to the MSIC (6 months after MSIC) were triangulated. We found five SGs operated during the study period. Key operational characteristics were 24-h operation, AUS$10 entry fee, 30-min time limit, and dual use for sex work. Key reasons for SG use were to avoid police, a preference not to inject in public, and assistance from SG operators in case of overdose. SG users reported high levels of willingness to use the MSIC. The number of used needles collected from SGs decreased by 69% (41,819 vs. 12,935) in the 6 months after MSIC opened, while MSIC visits increased incrementally. We conclude that injections were transferred from SGs to the MSIC, but SGs continued to accommodate injections and harm reduction outreach should be maintained. PMID:17273925

Dolan, Kate

2007-01-01

27

Historical trends of PBDEs and HBCDs in sediment cores from Sydney estuary, Australia.  

PubMed

This paper presents the first historical data on the occurrence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDs) in estuarine sediment from Australia. Sediment cores and surficial sediment samples were collected from four locations within Sydney estuary, Australia. Large increases in concentrations were observed for all compounds between 1980 and 2014, especially for BDE-209 (representative usage of Deca-BDE commercial mixture), which was found in surficial sediment at an average concentration of 42ng/g dry wt (21-65ng/g dry wt). PBDE congeners representative of both the Penta- and Octa-BDE commercial mixtures (?6PBDEs) were also found in their highest concentrations in surficial sediments (average: 1.3ng/g dry wt; range: 0.65-2.5ng/g dry wt). PBDE concentrations in surficial sediments were relatively high when compared with those presented in the available literature. This suggests that their input into the Sydney estuary has not decreased since their bans almost a decade earlier. After a sharp increase in the 1990s, HBCD concentrations peaked at an average of 3.5ng/g dry wt (1.8-5.3ng/g dry wt) in surficial samples. With global legislation on HBCDs allowing its usage for the next 10years, it is expected that its input into the estuary is likely to continue. PMID:25617997

Drage, D; Mueller, J F; Birch, G; Eaglesham, G; Hearn, L K; Harrad, S

2015-04-15

28

DEVELOPMENTS AT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WATER POLLUTION RESEARCH (8TH), HELD IN SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA ON OCTOBER 17-22, 1976  

EPA Science Inventory

This report is a critical analysis of formal and informal developments of potential interest to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at the Eighth International Conference on Water Pollution Research held in Sydney, Australia, on October 17-22, 1976. The conference subject ma...

29

The nature and source of irregular discharges to stormwater entering Sydney estuary, Australia.  

PubMed

Irregular discharges of polluted stormwater into drainage systems during base flow (no rainfall) result in acute ecological impacts within fluvial and estuarine environments. In this study, metal and TSS concentrations were significantly more variable during business hours of weekdays (i.e. high-business activity) than weekends/public holidays (i.e. low-business activity) within three highly-urbanised catchments of Sydney estuary (Australia), as determined by analysing multivariate dispersion (PERMDISP). Concentrations of TSS and all metals analysed (Al, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Pb and Zn) were also significantly greater during high- than low-business periods within at least one of the three catchments. In no case were concentrations significantly higher during low- than high-business periods. This pattern of contamination supports the hypothesis that commercial and industrial sources are major contributors of irregular discharges of contamination to Sydney estuary. Irregular discharges and consequential ecological impacts may be effectively reduced in this environment by focussing management efforts on these activities. PMID:24529494

Beck, H J; Birch, G F

2014-05-01

30

Metal accumulation in the greentail prawn, Metapenaeus bennettae, in Sydney and Port Hacking estuaries, Australia.  

PubMed

Metal concentrations of the inshore greentail prawn, Metapenaeus bennettae, and surface sediments from locations within Sydney estuary and Port Hacking (Australia) were assessed for bioaccumulation and contamination. The current study aimed to assess metal concentrations in prawn tissue (tail muscle, exoskeleton, hepatopancreas and gills), relate whole body prawn tissue metal concentrations to sediment metal concentrations and animal size, as well as assess prawn consumption as a risk to human health. Metal concentrations were highest in sediment and prawns from contaminated locations (Iron Cove, Hen and Chicken Bay and Lane Cove) in Sydney estuary compared with the reference estuary (Port Hacking). Concentrations in sediments varied considerably between sites and between metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn), and although concentrations exceeded Interim Sediment Quality Guideline-Low values, metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) were below Australian National Health and Medical Research Council human consumption guidelines in prawn tail muscle tissue. Metal concentrations in prawn tail muscle tissue were significantly different (p???0.05) amongst locations for Pb, Zn and Cd, and metal concentrations were generally highest in gills tissue, followed by the hepatopancreas, exoskeleton and tail muscle. The exoskeleton contained the highest Sr concentration; the hepatopancreas contained the highest As, Cu and Mo concentrations; and the gills contained the highest Al, Cr, Fe and Pb concentrations. Concentrations of Pb, As and Sr were significantly different (p???0.05) between size groups amongst locations. PMID:23852467

Lewtas, K L M; Birch, G F; Foster-Thorpe, C

2014-01-01

31

Tuffaceous deposition in the Newcastle Coal Measures: challenging existing concepts of peat formation in the Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Late Permian Newcastle Coal Measures of the northern Sydney Basin, Australia, contain numerous volcanic ash deposits occurring as both interseam tuffs and intraseam tonsteins. These tuffaceous units have been used to correlate seams of the Newcastle Coal Measures with the stratigraphically equivalent Wollombi Coal Measures in the adjacent Hunter Coalfield. Such correlations across the width of the northern Sydney

Michael Creech

2002-01-01

32

Continental-scale magmatic carbon dioxide seepage recorded by dawsonite in the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system, eastern Australia  

SciTech Connect

Dawsonite, NaAlCO{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}, is widespread as a cement, replacement, and cavity filling in Permo-Triassic sedimentary rocks of the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system eastern Australia. The origin of dawsonite in these rocks was studied by petrographic and stable isotope analysis. Dawsonite {delta}{sup 13}C (PDB) values range from {minus}4.0 to +4.1{per_thousand} and are remarkably consistent throughout the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system. These values indicate either a marine carbonate or magmatic source for carbon in the dawsonite. A magmatic carbon source is considered more likely on the basis that (1) evidence of and the cause for widespread marine carbonate dissolution in the sedimentary successions are not apparent, (2) dawsonite is widespread in both marine and nonmarine facies, (3) the region has been the site of major igneous activity, (4) other dawsonite deposits of similar carbon isotopic composition are linked to igneous activity, and (5) magmatic CO{sub 2} accumulations are known in parts of the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system. The timing of igneous activity in the Bowen Basin constrains the timing of dawsonite formation in the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system to the Tertiary, consistent with textural relationships, which indicate that dawsonite formed late during the burial history of the Permo-triassic sequences. The distribution and interpreted origin of dawsonite implies magmatic CO{sub 2} seepage in the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system on a continental scale.

Baker, J.C. [Australian Petroleum Cooperative Research Centre and Division of Petroleum Resources, North Ryde, New South Wales (Australia)]|[Univ. of Queensland (Australia). Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis; Bai, G.P.; Hamilton, P.J. [Australian Petroleum Cooperative Research Centre and Division of Petroleum Resources, North Ryde, New South Wales (Australia); Golding, S.D. [Univ. of Queensland (Australia). Dept. of Earth Sciences; Keene, J.B. [Univ. of Sydney, New South Wales (Australia). Dept. of Geology and Geophysics

1995-07-03

33

Working class homosexuality and HIV\\/AIDS prevention some recent research from Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveys on gay and bisexual men in Sydney and non-metropolitan New South Wales (NSW) indicate uneven patterns of HIV\\/AIDS knowledge and sexual behaviour change. As a follow-up action-research study, the Class, Homosexuality and AIDS Prevention (CHAP) project pursued audio-recorded, semistructured interviews with men in western Sydney and Nullangardie, a provincial city in NSW, to investigate the relationship between homosexuality and

G. W. Dowsett; M. D. Davis; R. W. Connell

1992-01-01

34

A profile of gaming machine players in clubs in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

New South Wales, Australia, is one of the major markets in the world for machine gaming, with its 1,441 registered clubs holding the dominant share of the state's machines. This study examined machine gambling behavior amongst a random sample of 3,000 club members from six of the largest clubs in Sydney, the capital city of New South Wales. The findings identify their machine gambling preferences and participation levels, isolate significant sociodemographic and other differences between gaming machine and non-gaming machine players, measure the prevalence of probable pathological gambling associated with machine gambling, and identify certain characteristics which differ significantly between probable pathological and non-pathological machine gamblers amongst the respondents. PMID:12096448

Hing, Nerilee; Breen, Helen

2002-01-01

35

Directional spectrum analysis of internal waves in the sea off Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The directional-spectrum model of internal waves in shallow seas given by Xiao and Fang (1991) was used to analyze the observation data gathered in April, 1981, in the sea off Sydney, Australia. Some reasonable results were obtained. The energy ratio between Wavemodes 1 and 2 was about 2 for most frequencies and was up to 8 at ?=0.23 cph. Wave components with frequencies 0.1 0.8 cph were generated in the deep sea, and propagated onshore, while those with frequencies higher than 0.8 cph were locally generated by the interaction between longshore currents and bottom topography. Several surveys were carried out in the sea off Sydney, Australia (Cresswell, 1974, Cresswell and Boland, 1981, and Fang, Boland and Cresswell, 1984). The survey performed in April 1981 by Fang, Boland and Cresswell (1984) was outstandingly successful. To draw some deterministic and stochastic characters of internal waves, Fang, Boland and Cresswell (1984) and Fang (1987) analyzed these data gathered in 1981 and obtained some reasonable results. Using Schott and Willebrand's (1973) directional spectrum model of internal waves as reference, the authors, in another paper (Xiao and Fang, 1991, denoted as XF for simplicity hereafter) established the eigenfunctions and dispersion relation of the vertically standing-internal-wave modes, derived an optimization method to estimate the directional spectra of internal waves, and obtained the confidence interval expression of the estimates. In the present work, the authors use the results of XF and data mentioned by Fang et al. (1984) to analyze the directional spectra of internal waves in order to detect the propagation properties of internal waves in more detail. In this paper, the basic hydrologic properties in the observation area are first briefly described, then the estimation and test of directional spectra, and finally, the results, are discussed. The physical meanings of the letters used in expressions here are the same as those used in XF, except for other descriptions.

Fang, Xinhua; Xiao, Liang

1991-03-01

36

Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers - changes over time and differences between Sydney and Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Cycling is important for health, transport, environmental and economic reasons. Newspaper reporting of cycling reflects and can influence public and policy maker attitudes towards resource allocation for cycling and cycling infrastructure, yet such coverage has not been systematically examined. Methods The Factiva electronic news archive was searched for articles referring to cycling published in four major metropolitan newspapers - two in Sydney and two in Melbourne, Australia, in the years from 1998 until 2008. After excluding articles not about cycling, there were 61 articles published in 1998, 45 in 1999, 51 in 2003, 82 in 2007 and 87 in 2008. Each article was coded for positive or negative orientation, and for framing of cyclists and cycling. Inter-rater reliability was calculated on a sample of 30 articles. Results Over the past decade there has been an increase in the reporting of cycling in the major newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne (from 106 in 1998/99 to 169 stories in 2007/08), with a significant increase in reporting of cycling in Melbourne, from 49 to 103 stories (p = 0.04). Recent reporting of cycling was generally positive (47% of articles, compared with 30% of articles which were negative) and focused on benefits such as health and the environment. Three quarters of negative stories involved injury or death of a cyclist. The Sydney based The Daily Telegraph reported the most negative stories (n = 60). We found positive framing of 'cycling' was more widespread than negative, whereas framing of 'cyclists' was more negative than positive. Conclusions Quantity of reporting of cycling varies over time and by newspaper, and even between newspapers in different cities owned by the same media company. News coverage appears to reflect developments in the different cities, with increases in positive reporting of cycling in Melbourne following increases in cycling in that city. Negative cycling newspaper stories may deter people from considering cycling as a transport option, but real physical or political improvements to the cycling environment may be necessary before coverage becomes more positive. PMID:20576160

2010-01-01

37

5 for Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ASE has a long history of sending students to the International Science School (ISS), having been doing so since 1968. The ISS is a free science education programme run biennially by the Science Foundation for Physics at the University of Sydney. ASE's role is to select the students and organise funding to enable the students and escorts to…

Berry, Bryan

2010-01-01

38

Five for Sydney 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Professor Harry Messel International Science School is organised by the Science Foundation for Physics within the University of Sydney. In 1968, the Foundation extended the participation to the UK and Japan and each country sends five scholars to the Science Schools, which are held every second year. Nowadays, scholars from Singapore,…

Education in Science, 2009

2009-01-01

39

Contamination and screening level toxicity of sediments from remediated and unremediated wetlands near Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

The present study assessed contamination and toxicity of sediments from seven remediated and remnant wetland sites within Sydney Olympic Park, Australia, and four unremediated sites adjacent to its boundary using chemical analysis and a luminescent bacterial biosensor assay (Escherichia coli). Concentrations of metals (Pb, Cr, Cu, Ni, Zn, Cd, and As) and persistent organic chemicals (DDT and its metabolites, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; polychlorinated biphenyls; and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans) in sediments and their pore-water samples were determined. Zinc concentrations were the highest of the metals in the sediments (84-618 mg/kg), and at eight sites, metal concentrations in sediments exceeded the Australian ecological trigger values for Pb, Zn, and Ni. Concentrations of organic contaminants in the sediments exceeded the trigger values at all 11 sites for DDTs, at 6 sites for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and 5 sites for polychlorinated biphenyls. Sediment samples from the four unremediated sites outside the Sydney Olympic Park had dioxin concentrations greater than 200 pg (toxic equivalency per gram). The same four sites were identified as contaminated in pore-water toxicity tests with the luminescent biosensor, generally consistent with the bioavailable fractions of the contaminants (pore-water and Tenax extraction data), as well as dioxin levels, in the sediments. Preliminary toxicity identification and evaluation tests of the pore water from the four sites outside the park demonstrated that organic contaminants were the main cause of toxicity to E. coli, with no evidence that metals contributed to the toxicity of the pore water. PMID:19589001

Ying, Guang-Guo; Rawson, Christopher A; Kookana, Rai S; Peng, Ping-An; Warne, Michael S J; Tremblay, Louis A; Laginestra, Edwina; Chapman, John C; Lim, Richard P

2009-10-01

40

Effectiveness of remediation of metal-contaminated mangrove sediments (Sydney estuary, Australia).  

PubMed

Industrial activities and urbanization have had a major consequence for estuarine ecosystem health and water quality globally. Likewise, Sydney estuary has been significantly impacted by widespread, poor industrial practices in the past, and remediation of legacy contaminants have been undertaken in limited parts of this waterway. The objective of the present investigation was to determine the effectiveness of remediation of a former Pb-contaminated industrial site in Homebush Bay on Sydney estuary (Australia) through sampling of inter-tidal sediments and mangrove (Avicennia marina) tissue (fine nutritive roots, pneumatophores, and leaves). Results indicate that since remediation 6 years previously, Pb and other metals (Cu, Ni and Zn) in surficial sediment have increased to concentrations that approach pre-remediation levels and that they were considerably higher than pre-settlement levels (3-30 times), as well as at the reference site. Most metals were compartmentalized in fine nutritive roots with bio-concentration factors greater than unity, while tissues of pneumatophores and leaves contained low metal concentrations. Lead concentrations in fine nutritive root, pneumatophore, and leaf tissue of mangroves from the remediated site were similar to trees in un-remediated sites of the estuary and were substantially higher than plants at the reference site. The situation for Zn in fine nutritive root tissue was similar. The source of the metals was either surface/subsurface water from the catchment or more likely remobilized contaminated sediment from un-remediated parts of Homebush Bay. Results of this study demonstrate the problems facing management in attempting to reduce contamination in small parts of a large impacted area to concentrations below local base level. PMID:25404497

Birch, Gavin; Nath, Bibhash; Chaudhuri, Punarbasu

2014-11-18

41

Proceedings of 20th International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2010 2327 August 2010, Sydney, Australia  

E-print Network

Proceedings of 20th International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2010 23­27 August 2010, Sydney that a matrix defined from all the ToF measurements is of rank at most four. In order to estimate the structured and random missing entries, utilizing the fact that the matrix in question is shown to be low-rank, we apply

Vetterli, Martin

42

The impact of land cover change on storms in the Sydney Basin, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study has used a numerical model (RAMS) at 1 km horizontal grid intervals over the Sydney Basin to assess the impact of land cover change on storms. Multiple storms using the National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis data were simulated with pre-European settlement land cover then re-simulated with land cover representing Sydney's current land use pattern. While all simulated storms did not respond to the change in land cover consistently, storms of similar types responded in comparable ways. All simulated synoptically forced storms (e.g. those triggered by cold fronts) were unresponsive to a changed land surface, while local convective storms were highly sensitive to the triggering mechanism associated with land surface influences. Storms travelling over the smoother agricultural land in the south-west of the Sydney Basin experienced an increase in velocity, and in a special case, the dense urban surface of Sydney's city core appears to trigger an intense convective storm. It is shown that the dynamical setting predominantly triggers storm outbreaks. This is seen most clearly in the isolated convective storm category where the sea breeze front often dictates the location of storm cell initiation.

Gero, A. F.; Pitman, A. J.; Narisma, G. T.; Jacobson, C.; Pielke, R. A.

2006-11-01

43

Epidemiology and Geographical Distribution of Enteric Protozoan Infections in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Enteric protozoa are associated with diarrhoeal illnesses in humans; however there are no recent studies on their epidemiology and geographical distribution in Australia. This study describes the epidemiology of enteric protozoa in the state of New South Wales and incorporates spatial analysis to describe their distribution. Design and methods Laboratory and clinical records from four public hospitals in Sydney for 910 patients, who tested positive for enteric protozoa over the period January 2007 - December 2010, were identified, examined and analysed. We selected 580 cases which had residence post code data available, enabling us to examine the geographic distribution of patients, and reviewed the clinical data of 252 patients to examine possible links between protozoa, demographic and clinical features. Results Frequently detected protozoa were Blastocystis spp. (57%), Giardia intestinalis (27%) and Dientamoeba fragilis (12%). The age distribution showed that the prevalence of protozoa decreased with age up to 24 years but increasing with age from 25 years onwards. The geographic provenance of the patients indicates that the majority of cases of Blastocystis (53.1%) are clustered in and around the Sydney City Business District, while pockets of giardiasis were identified in regional/rural areas. The distribution of cases suggests higher risk of protozoan infection may exist for some communities. Conclusions These findings provide useful information for policy makers to design and tailor interventions to target high risk communities. Follow-up investigation into the risk factors for giardiasis in regional/rural areas is needed. Significance for public health This research is significant since it provides the most recent epidemiological update on the common enteric protozoa affecting Australians. It reveals that enteric protozoa cause considerable disease burden in high risk city dwellers, and provides the evidence base for development of targeted interventions for their prevention and control in high risk populations. The prevalence of enteric protozoa in this metropolitan setting underscores that microorganisms do not respect borders and that a collaborative approach is needed to contain the global spread of infectious diseases. Incorporating spatial analysis is valuable in providing a compelling picture of the geographical distribution of these often neglected diseases. Local and State Public Health departments can use this information to support further inves- PMID:25343139

Fletcher, Stephanie; Caprarelli, Graziella; Merif, Juan; Andresen, David; Hal, Sebastian Van; Stark, Damien; Ellis, John

2014-01-01

44

Gender differences among regular injecting drug users in Sydney, Australia, 1996-2003.  

PubMed

Previous research has found that female injecting drug users (IDU) are younger and more likely to be involved in risky behaviours such as needle sharing and sex work than male IDU. Aboriginal female drug users, in particular, are over-represented in IDU and prison populations. These factors place female IDU at increased risk of health problems and complicate issues such as homelessness, unemployment and poverty. Although a substantial body of research exists, little trend analysis has been done in Australia and much of the previous literature has focused on treatment populations. Cross-sectional data from 1996 to 2003 from regular IDU in Sydney interviewed as part of Australia's drug monitoring system, the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) were examined for trends over time. The demographic characteristics, drug use patterns and self-reported risk behaviours of the most recent sample (2003) were analysed for gender differences. Female IDU were younger in all sample years. Female IDU were more likely to identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) and engage in sex work. There has been a steady increase in these proportions over time. Female IDU were less likely to have a prison history, although there has been an increase among both male and female IDU over time. There were no gender differences in drug use patterns or frequency of drug use. Larger proportions of females report lending needles. Reports of lending and borrowing needles have decreased over time among both male and female IDU. Female IDU may place themselves at greater risk than male IDU by being more likely to share injecting equipment and engage in sex work. Treatment and other measures to reduce harm may need to be targeted specifically at women and, in particular, indigenous women. PMID:16234131

Breen, Courtney; Roxburgh, Amanda; Degenhardt, Louisa

2005-07-01

45

Philosophy in Sydney James Franklin  

E-print Network

didn't think readers would be interested. Still, I don't know... A lot of people turned up to see Alain philosophy is about, then about how Sydney does it in its own special way. Does life have a meaning "No-one in Sydney ever wastes time debating the meaning of life -- it's getting yourself a water

Franklin, James

46

Synoptic analysis of heat-related mortality in Sydney, Australia, 1993–2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposure to extremely hot weather has been associated with increased mortality. Temporal Synoptic Index is an effective method\\u000a used to analyze the relationship between mortality and combined weather factors. The aim of this study is to examine the short-term\\u000a effect of ambient heat on mortality in Sydney during the warmest 6-month period (October–March) for the years 1993–2001. Eleven\\u000a synoptic categories

Pavla Vaneckova; Melissa A. Hart; Paul J. Beggs; Richard J. de Dear

2008-01-01

47

Quantifying reduction in ecological risk in Penrhyn Estuary, Sydney, Australia, following groundwater remediation.  

PubMed

The environmental risk associated with discharge of contaminated groundwater containing a complex mixture of at least 14 volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons (VCHs) to Penrhyn Estuary, Sydney, Australia has previously been assessed. That probabilistic ecological risk assessment (ERA) was undertaken using surface water monitoring data from 2004 to 2005. Subsequently, in 2006, a groundwater remediation system was installed and commissioned to prevent further discharge of VCHs into the estuary. The present study assessed the ecological risk posed to the estuary after 2006 to evaluate the success of the remediation system. The ERA was undertaken using toxicity data derived from direct toxicity assessment (DTA) of preremediation contaminated groundwater using indigenous species, exposure data from surface water monitoring between 2007 and 2008 and the joint probability curve (JPC) methodology. The risk posed was measured in 4 zones of the entire site: source area (2), tributary (2), the inner estuary and outer estuary at high, low, and a combination of high and low tides. In the 2 source areas, risk decreased by over 2 and over 1 orders of magnitude to maximum values of less than 0.5%. In 1 estuary, risk decreased by over 1 order of magnitude, from a maximum of 36% to a maximum of 2.3%. At the other tributary and both the inner and outer estuaries, the risk decreased to less than 1%, regardless of the tide. This analysis revealed that the remediation system was very effective and that the standard level of protection required for slightly to moderately affected ecosystems (95% of species) by the Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality was met postremediation. PMID:21557465

Hunt, James; Birch, Gavin; Warne, Michael

2012-01-01

48

Seasonal Variations in Aerosol Chemical and Physical Properties in Sydney, Australia.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years it has become evident that size-resolved chemical composition of atmospheric aerosols is important in determining optical properties such as refractive index, scattering and absorption coefficients, extinction and hygroscopicity. These properties affect the way radiation is scattered and absorbed as it passes through the atmosphere, and thus are important for the calculation of aerosol radiative forcing and "atmospheric correction" of satellite images, as well as local air quality and visibility. Two years of measurements of aerosol optical thickness made at UNSW, Sydney, starting in December 1995, have been examined to identify trends and seasonal cycles. Regression analysis showed a clear annual cycle, with amplitude approximately half the mean, with the highest aerosol loading occurring during the summer months. We have also found a very clear annual cycle for the Angstrom coefficient, with larger particles in the autumn. These cycles are consistent with seasonal variations in local aerosol chemical composition identified by other workers. PM2.5 and PM10 samples were collected at four sites during the four seasons of 2003. Two of the sites are urban, and two are in a rural area just south of the Sydney Basin. Simultaneous nephelometer measurements were made. Elemental composition was determined using Ion Beam Analysis and selected samples have also been analysed by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Seasonal and spatial variations are seen in the chemical composition of 24-hour aerosol samples. Differences were also noted between PM2.5 and PM10 composition at particular sites. Principal components analysis has been applied to identify source factors in the elemental chemistry. The chemical composition data has been used to determine the refractive index of aerosols at the different sites, and to identify variations with size fraction. This provides an optical model of aerosols in the Sydney region.

Box, G. P.; Hallal, T.; Bouya, Z.

2005-12-01

49

Impact of ambient air pollution on birth weight in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background: Studies in Asia, Europe, and the Americas have provided evidence that ambient air pollution may have an adverse effect on birth weight, although results are not consistent. Methods: Average exposure during pregnancy to five common air pollutants was estimated for births in metropolitan Sydney between 1998 and 2000. The effects of pollutant exposure in the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy on risk of "small for gestational age" (SGA), and of pollutant exposure during pregnancy on birth weight were examined. Results: There were 138 056 singleton births in Sydney between 1998 and 2000; 9.7% of babies (13 402) were classified as SGA. Air pollution levels in Sydney were found to be quite low. In linear regression models carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide concentrations in the second and third trimesters had a statistically significant adverse effect on birth weight. For a 1 part per million increase in mean carbon monoxide levels a reduction of 7 (95% CI –5 to 19) to 29 (95% CI 7 to 51) grams in birth weight was estimated. For a 1 part per billion increase in mean nitrogen dioxide levels a reduction of 1 (95% CI 0 to 2) to 34 (95% CI 24 to 43) grams in birth weight was estimated. Particulate matter (diameter less than ten microns) in the second trimester had a small statistically significant adverse effect on birth weight. For a 1 microgram per cubic metre increase in mean particulate matter levels a reduction of 4 grams (95% CI 3 to 6) in birth weight was estimated. Conclusion: These findings of an association between carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter, and reduction in birth weight should be corroborated by further study. PMID:16046604

Mannes, T; Jalaludin, B; Morgan, G; Lincoln, D; Sheppeard, V; Corbett, S

2005-01-01

50

The Nature and Distribution of Metals in Soils of the Sydney Estuary Catchment, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total topsoil 50th percentile Cu, Pb and Zn concentrations (n?=?491) in the Sydney estuary catchment were 23 ?g?g?1, 60 ?g?g?1 and 108 ?g?g?1, respectively. Nine percent, 6% and 25% of samples were above soil quality guidelines, respectively and mean enrichment was\\u000a 14, 35 and 29 times above background, respectively. Soils in the south-eastern region of the catchment exhibited highest metal\\u000a concentrations. The close

Gavin F. Birch; Matthew Vanderhayden; Marco Olmos

2011-01-01

51

GENEVA HARVARD RENMIN SYDNEY LAW FACULTY CONFERENCE  

E-print Network

: HAN Dayuan 14:15 Sydney: Emily Crawford Moveable and Immovable Property in Times of Armed Conflict 14 Public Conference ­ Uni Bastions, Aula Olivier-Reverdin (salle B106) Property Law in Four Dimensions 18 Imagining Property: Traditional Rights to Land in Australia 18:40 Geneva: Marco Sassòli The Protection

Halazonetis, Thanos

52

Laudatio of professor Sydney Brenner  

E-print Network

by his wife Celia; Sydney was the opposite as a personality, witty, exuberant, incisive and always alone the best minds worldwide and allow then to explore uncharted territories. Sometimes I dare to hope

Geffner, Hector

53

Modeling of a lot scale rainwater tank system in XP-SWMM: a case study in Western Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Lot scale rainwater tank system modeling is often used in sustainable urban storm water management, particularly to estimate the reduction in the storm water run-off and pollutant wash-off at the lot scale. These rainwater tank models often cannot be adequately calibrated and validated due to limited availability of observed rainwater tank quantity and quality data. This paper presents calibration and validation of a lot scale rainwater tank system model using XP-SWMM utilizing data collected from two rainwater tank systems located in Western Sydney, Australia. The modeling considers run-off peak and volume in and out of the rainwater tank system and also a number of water quality parameters (Total Phosphorus (TP), Total Nitrogen (TN) and Total Solids (TS)). It has been found that XP-SWMM can be used successfully to develop a lot scale rainwater system model within an acceptable error margin. It has been shown that TP and TS can be predicted more accurately than TN using the developed model. In addition, it was found that a significant reduction in storm water run-off discharge can be achieved as a result of the rainwater tank up to about one year average recurrence interval rainfall event. The model parameter set assembled in this study can be used for developing lot scale rainwater tank system models at other locations in the Western Sydney region and in other parts of Australia with necessary adjustments for the local site characteristics. PMID:24835081

van der Sterren, Marlène; Rahman, Ataur; Ryan, Garry

2014-08-01

54

The evolving market structures of gambling: case studies modelling the socioeconomic assignment of gaming machines in Melbourne and Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

The expansion of gambling industries worldwide is intertwined with the growing government dependence on gambling revenue for fiscal assignments. In Australia, electronic gaming machines (EGMs) have dominated recent gambling industry growth. As EGMs have proliferated, growing recognition has emerged that EGM distribution closely reflects levels of socioeconomic disadvantage. More machines are located in less advantaged regions. This paper analyses time-series socioeconomic distributions of EGMs in Melbourne, Australia, an immature EGM market, and then compares the findings with the mature market in Sydney. Similar findings in both cities suggest that market assignment of EGMs transcends differences in historical and legislative environments. This indicates that similar underlying structures are evident in both markets. Modelling the spatial structures of gambling markets provides an opportunity to identify regions most at risk of gambling related problems. Subsequently, policies can be formulated which ensure fiscal revenue from gambling can be better targeted towards regions likely to be most afflicted by excessive gambling-related problems. PMID:12375384

Marshall, David C; Baker, Robert G V

2002-01-01

55

Longitudinal fluvial drainage patterns within a foreland basin-fill: Permo-Triassic Sydney Basin, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The north-south trending Permo-Triassic Sydney Basin (southern sector of the Sydney-Bowen Basin) is unique compared to many documented retro-arc foreland basins, in that considerable basin-fill was derived from a cratonic source as well as a coeval fold belt source. Quantitative analysis of up-sequence changes in sandstone petrography and palaeoflow directions, together with time-rock stratigraphy of the fluvial basin-fill, indicate two spatially and temporally separated depositional episodes of longitudinal fluvial dispersal systems. A longitudinal drainage-net similar in geometry to the modern Ganga River system (reduced to 60% original size) explains many of the palaeoflow patterns and cross-basinal petrofacies variation recorded in the basin-fill. The Late Permian to Early Triassic rocks reveal a basin-wide southerly directed fluvial drainage system, contemporaneous with east-west shortening recorded in the New England Fold Belt. In contrast, the Middle Triassic strata reveal a change to an easterly directed fluvial system, correlated to a shift in orogenic load to a NW-SE orientation in the fold belt northeast of the basin. The detailed petrofacies variation in the deposits of the second longitudinal fluvial dispersal system reveals vertical jumps in petrofacies compositions, with uniform compositions between jumps. The petrological jumps are interpreted as the result of minor fault adjustments in the fold belt, resulting in changing rates of sediment supply to the foreland basin. Uninterrupted erosion of the same terrain most likely caused the compositional uniformity between jumps. The identification of similar longitudinal fluvial systems, with transverse variation in detrital composition, is likely to help resolve the tectonic history of foreland fold belts elsewhere.

Cowan, E. Jun

1993-05-01

56

A chrono-tectonostratigraphic framework for the Sydney Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sydney Basin is a foreland basin forming the southern part of the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney Basin system in Eastern Australia. Tectonically the Sydney Basin is regarded as a retro-arc foreland basin that developed through Late Carboniferous to Middle Triassic. Constructing a tectonstratigraphic framework for the basin is difficult due to the complex stratigraphy and poor age control, along with its complex tectonic history. A chrono-tectonostratigraphic framework for the Sydney Basin is presented based on literature synthesis combined with new data analysis. The chrono-tectonostratigraphic framework will provide an up-to-date and easy to follow detailed basin history which can be utilize in the exploration for conventional and unconventional resources in the Sydney Basin.

Mohammad, O. A.; Jones, B. G.; Fergusson, C. L.

2013-12-01

57

Cross-sectional study of diet and risk factors for metabolic diseases in a Ghanaian population in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Ethnic groups in affluent environments experience higher rates of metabolic diseases than their native counterparts. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of metabolic risk factors in Ghanaians in Sydney, and to investigate the relationship with dietary and lifestyle factors. Cross-sectional design with anthropometry, blood pressure, plasma lipids, glucose and insulin concentrations were measured on two occasions on each subject. Dietary information was obtained by three 24-h dietary recalls. Adults (45 male, 35 female) were recruited from a local association in Sydney, Australia. Overweight was observed in a large proportion of subjects (71% and 66% of men and women, respectively), with 18% of men and 26% of women classified as obese. Abdominal overweight was seen in 63% and 74% of men and women, respectively. Abdominal obesity was seen in 20% of men and 49% of women. Hypertension was detected in 40% of men and 17% of women, 16% of men and 6% of women were diagnosed with definite hypertension. Seventy-one per cent of men and 29% of women were classified as hypercholesterolaemic and 67% of men and 23% of women had elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In men, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hypertriacylglycerolaemia affected 18% and 13%, respectively. Fasting hyperinsulinaemia was observed in 14% and 9% of men and women, respectively. The majority of subjects (73%) sustained one or more metabolic risk factors. Dietary fat contributed 33% and 35% of total energy intake in men and women, respectively, saturated fat contributing 11% in both sexes. A high prevalence of overweight, diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia exists in this population, particularly in men, highlighting the need for intervention. PMID:12230235

Saleh, Ashraf; Amanatidis, Soumela; Samman, Samir

2002-01-01

58

Surveys of vehicle colour frequency and the transfer of vehicle paints to stationary objects in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

The interpretation of vehicle paint traces in forensic casework hinges on a number of factors including the type of paint, colour, number of layers, and background information. Vehicle colour surveys are an important source of information for the forensic paint examiner when interpreting the level of significance of a paint transfer between vehicles involved in a collision, or smears of vehicle paint left at a scene. The two surveys that are presented here investigated (i) the frequency of the colour of vehicles observed on both a motorway and suburban roads in Western Sydney and (ii) the frequency of different vehicle paint colours transferred to car park pillars and walls from five different car parks within North West Sydney, Australia. In the first survey, the highest frequency of vehicle colours recorded was white, grey, black and blue. The second survey resulted in very similar findings with the four most commonly seen colours across the five car parks being blue, white, red, and silver. The results in the second survey take into account the potential for anomalies within the data due to the use of painted service vehicles used within the car parks, such as trolleys and trailers. The results from both surveys were very similar to previous vehicle colour surveys that have been conducted and also corresponded to the vehicle colour registration data obtained from the NSW Roads and Maritime Service website. The results from these two surveys provide up to date statistics that can assist the forensic paint examiner with valuable background data when assessing the significance of vehicle paint evidence in casework. PMID:25612880

Jackson, Fiona; Bunford, Joanna; Maynard, Philip; Roux, Claude

2015-03-01

59

Understanding Water Consumption in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the extent to which attitudes to conservation and reduced water use in and around the home may affect the water saving behaviour of households in different kinds of housing in Sydney in a period when restrictions and price rises have become the principle methods to reduce consumption in the city. The research uses a household survey and

Bill Randolph; Patrick Troy

60

Cause-Specific Hospital Admissions on Hot Days in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background While morbidity outcomes for major disease categories during extreme heat have received increasing research attention, there has been very limited investigation at the level of specific disease subcategories. Methodology/Principal Findings We analyzed daily hospital admissions for cardiovascular (CVD), respiratory (RD), genitourinary (GU) and mental diseases (MD), diabetes (DIA), dehydration (DEH) and ‘the effects of heat and light’ (HEAT) in Sydney between 1991 and 2009. We further investigated the sensitivity to heat of subcategories within the major disease groups. We defined hot days as those with temperatures in the 95th and 99th percentiles within the study period. We applied time-stratified case-crossover analysis to compare the hospital admissions on hot days with those on non-hot days matched by day of the week. We calculated the odds ratios (OR) of admissions between the two types of days, accounting for other environmental variables (relative humidity, ozone and particulate matter) and non-environmental trends (public and school holidays). On hot days, hospital admissions increased for all major categories except GU. This increase was not shared homogeneously across all diseases within a major category: within RD, only ‘other diseases of the respiratory system’ (includes pleurisy or empyema) increased significantly, while admissions for asthma decreased. Within MD, hospital admissions increased only for psychoses. Admissions due to some major categories increased one to three days after a hot day (e.g., DIA, RD and CVD) and on two and three consecutive days (e.g., HEAT and RD). Conclusions/Significance High ambient temperatures were associated with increased hospital admissions for several disease categories, with some within-category variation. Future analyses should focus on subgroups within broad disease categories to pinpoint medical conditions most affected by ambient heat. PMID:23408986

Vaneckova, Pavla; Bambrick, Hilary

2013-01-01

61

Genetic stratigraphic sequence analysis in terrestrial aggrading basin: sequence stratigraphy of Narrabeen Group, Sydney basin, Australia  

SciTech Connect

Development of event/sequence stratigraphy concepts over the past 15 years has been one of the most significant contributions to systematic stratigraphic analyses of sedimentary basins. Most of these approaches, however, have not been applied to terrestrial aggradational settings but rather were developed in marginal basin settings where progradational and transgressive units are important components of the sequence framework. The principal objective of sequence definition is the identification of genetic stratigraphic units that share a common paleogeographic, climatic, and tectonic origin. Thus, the basic premise of sequence stratigraphy should be useful in the delineation of the depositional framework for any basin. Criteria were devised to identify three genetic stratigraphic sequences within the Triassic Narrabeen Group of the Sydney basin, an aggrading basin with a terrestrial fill. Individual sequences were chosen to emphasize significant changes in tectonic and climatic conditions, as reflected in the distinguishing characteristics of depositional style, sediment composition, and paleodrainage trends. The Munmorah sequence is characterized by lithic sandstone deposits of an extensive alluvial plain sourced by the New England foldbelt to the northeast. The overlying Bulgo sequence is distinguished by changes in sediment transport direction, lithology, and depositional style. The western Lachlan foldbelt emerged as a source of a quartz-rich braid-plain system. The Bald Hill sequence lies above the Bulgo and consists of sandstones and kaolinitic claystones that were deposited in extensive, highly oxidized alluvial plains that were dissected by numerous small streams. The distinctive mineralogy and depositional style of the Bald Hill deposits suggest climatic and tectonic changes in the Lachlan foldbelt source area.

Reynolds, S.A.; Galloway, W.E.

1989-03-01

62

Exposure to emissions of 1,3-butadiene and benzene in the cabins of moving motor vehicles and buses in sydney, australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concentrations of 1,3-butadiene and benzene have been measured inside the cabins of both pre-1986 (non-catalyst-equipped) and post-1986 (catalyst-equipped) vehicles on freeway and urban driving routes around Sydney, Australia. Mean in-vehicle concentrations of 1,3-butadiene and benzene observed for the newer cars during the morning peak-hour were 5.5 ± 2.l and 22.1 ± 4.1 ppb respectively. Corresponding values for the older, poorly

B. L. Duffy; P. F. Nelson

1997-01-01

63

The University of Sydney School of Mathematics and Statistics  

E-print Network

: Stewart Wilcox (University of Sydney). Problem 2 : Christopher Reid (University of Sydney). Problem 3 : Stewart Wilcox (University of Sydney). Problem 4 : Peter McNamara (University of Sydney) Problem 5 : Xin Lei (University of New South Wales). Problem 6 : Stewart Wilcox (University of Sydney). Problem 7

Du, Jie

64

Induction of resistance to S. aureus in an environmental marine biofilm grown in Sydney Harbor, NSW, Australia.  

PubMed

The study of environmental biofilms is complicated by the difficulty of working with them under lab conditions. Nonetheless, knowledge of cellular activity and interactions within environmental biofilms could lead to novel biomedical applications. To address this problem we previously proposed a new technique for inducing resistance to Staphylococcus aureus in an intact environmental biofilm. In the current follow-up study we applied the new technique in a biogeographically distinct environment using a different strain of S. aureus. The proposed technique for inducing resistance to S. aureus in an environmental biofilm involves growing the environmental biofilms over several days in media reflecting their natural habitat on agar that contains spent culture supernatant from S. aureus over-night culture. We found in this second study that it was possible to induce resistance to S. aureus in an environmental biofilm from a biogeographically distinct environment, though not in the same way as we had previously observed. Environmental consortia from Sydney Harbor, Australia display an ability to inhibit biofilm formation by S. aureus; only in the case where the environmental biofilms were pretreated with UV radiation was there a difference in activity between environmental consortia grown on plain agar, and that grown on S. aureus agar. Application of the new technique in the current study also differs in that significant killing of cells within an established S. aureus biofilm by environmental consortia grown on S. aureus agar was possible. PMID:25526959

Lafleur, John E; Rice, Scott A

2015-02-01

65

Influence of palaeotopography on the distribution of coal in the Western Coalfield, Sydney basin, Australia: comparison with South African coals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Western Coalfield of New South Wales, centred on the town of Lithgow, is one of several areas of the Sydney Basin (Australia) that produces Permian coals for export and for domestic: use. The lowermost seam of the Illawarra Coal Measures, the Lithgow seam, was deposited in an alluvial fan to proximal braidplain complex. The style of clastic sedimentation and coal seam development was strongly influenced by the palaeotopography, especially basement highs which represent erosional remnants of the pre-Permian erosional cycle. The influence of the palaeotopography is seen in the distribution of the basal conglomerate, the thickness of the basal Shoalhaven Group (which is thinnest on and near the basement highs), the location of the alluvial fan facies of the Illawarra Coal Measures (which are adjacent to the highs and received a large proportion of the clastic detritus from these highs) and the development of the coal seams (which are distal to the basement highs). Of great significance is the location of economic sections of the Lithgow seam with respect to palaeotopographic highs. Adjacent to the highs the Lithgow seam is either too thin or contains too many claystone bands to allow mining. Between the highs: and further to the east and north of the highs, where the precursor peats formed on the floodplain and interfan areas, the seam is of significantly better quality and has been mined.

Hutton, A. C.; Feldtmann, R.

1996-07-01

66

TAFE NSW -Sydney Institute, College Libraries TAFE NSW -Sydney Institute College Libraries provide services,  

E-print Network

TAFE NSW - Sydney Institute, College Libraries TAFE NSW - Sydney Institute College Libraries link directly to the online TAFE NSW Library Network Catalogue (TAFEcat) to search for items in any of the Sydney Institute college libraries. http://tafecat.tafensw.edu.au/tafecat.html 5 Easy Steps to apply

University of Technology, Sydney

67

The discrepancy in concentration of metals (Cu, Pb and Zn) in oyster tissue (Saccostrea glomerata) and ambient bottom sediment (Sydney estuary, Australia).  

PubMed

The current study aimed to examine the relationship between metals in sediments and metal bioaccumulation in oyster tissue in a highly-modified estuary (Sydney estuary, Australia). While extensive metal contamination was observed in surficial sediments, suspended particulate matter and oyster tissue, a significant relationship between these media could not be established. No relationship was determined between sediment quality guidelines and oyster size or weight, nor with human consumption levels for metals in oyster tissue. Moreover, oyster tissue metal concentrations varied greatly at a single locality over temporal scales of years. Oyster tissue at all 19 study sites exceeded consumptions levels for Cu. Bioaccumulation of metals in oyster tissue is a useful dynamic indicator of anthropogenic influence within estuaries, however oysters cannot be used in Sydney estuary as a valid biomonitor due to overriding internal regulation (homoestasis) by the animal, or by external natural (sediment resuspension) and anthropogenic (sewer/stormwater discharges) pressures, or both. PMID:24461696

Birch, G F; Melwani, A; Lee, J-H; Apostolatos, C

2014-03-15

68

A comparison of blood toxicology of heroin-related deaths and current heroin users in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blood toxicology results for deaths attributed to heroin overdose during 1995 in the South Western Sydney (SWS) region (n=39) were compared with those of a sample of 100 current SWS heroin users who had injected within the preceding 24 h. Heroin-related deaths had a higher median concentration of morphine than current heroin users (0.35 versus 0.09 mg\\/l). However, there was

Shane Darke; Sandra Sunjic; Deborah Zador; Tania Prolov

1997-01-01

69

Evaluating the transport, health and economic impacts of new urban cycling infrastructure in Sydney, Australia – protocol paper  

PubMed Central

Background There are repeated calls to build better cycling paths in Australian cities if the proportion of people cycling is to increase. Yet the full range of transport, health, environmental and economic impacts of new cycling infrastructure and the extent to which observed changes are sustained is not well understood. The City of Sydney is currently building a new bicycle network, which includes a new bicycle path separated from road traffic in the south Sydney area. This protocol paper describes a comprehensive method to evaluate this new cycling infrastructure. Method A cohort of residents within two kilometres of the new bicycle path will be surveyed at baseline before a new section of bicycle path is built, and again 12 and 24 months later to assess changes in travel behaviour, sense of community, quality of life and health behaviours. Residents in a comparable area of Sydney that will not get a new separated bike path will act as a comparison group. At baseline a sub-set of residents who volunteer will also take a small GPS device with them for one week to assess travel behaviour. Discussion This research should contribute to the advancement in evaluation and appraisal methods for cycling projects. PMID:24131667

2013-01-01

70

Sydney Tar Ponds Remediation: Experience to China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The infamous "Sydney Tar Ponds" are well known as one of the largest toxic waste sites of Canada, due to almost 100 years of steelmaking in Sydney, a once beautiful and peaceful city located on the east side of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. This article begins with a contextual overview of the Tar Ponds issue including a brief introduction and…

Liu, Fan; Bryson, Ken A.

2009-01-01

71

Assessment of biotic response to heavy metal contamination in Avicennia marina mangrove ecosystems in Sydney Estuary, Australia.  

PubMed

Mangrove forests act as a natural filter of land-derived wastewaters along industrialized tropical and sub-tropical coastlines and assist in maintaining a healthy living condition for marine ecosystems. Currently, these intertidal communities are under serious threat from heavy metal contamination induced by human activity associated with rapid urbanization and industrialization. Studies on the biotic responses of these plants to heavy metal contamination are of great significance in estuary management and maintaining coastal ecosystem health. The main objective of the present investigation was to assess the biotic response in Avicennia marina ecosystems to heavy metal contamination through the determination of metal concentrations in leaves, fine nutritive roots and underlying sediments collected in fifteen locations across Sydney Estuary (Australia). Metal concentrations (especially Cu, Pb and Zn) in the underlying sediments of A. marina were enriched to a level (based on Interim Sediment Quality Guidelines) at which adverse biological effects to flora could occasionally occur. Metals accumulated in fine nutritive roots greater than underlying sediments, however, only minor translocation of these metals to A. marina leaves was observed (mean translocation factors, TFs, for all elements <0.13, except for Mn). Translocation factors of essential elements (i.e., common plant micro-nutrients, Cu, Ni, Mn and Zn) were greater than non-essential elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr and Pb), suggesting that A. marina mangroves of this estuary selectively excluded non-essential elements, while regulating essential elements and limiting toxicity to plants. This study supports the notion that A. marina mangroves act as a phytostabilizer in this highly modified estuary thereby protecting the aquatic ecosystem from point or non-point sources of heavy metal contamination. PMID:25011126

Nath, Bibhash; Chaudhuri, Punarbasu; Birch, Gavin

2014-09-01

72

Health effects of the September 2009 dust storm in Sydney, Australia: did emergency department visits and hospital admissions increase?  

PubMed Central

Background During September 2009, a large dust storm was experienced in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Extremely high levels of particulate matter were recorded, with daily average levels of coarse matter (<10 ?m) peaking over 11,000 ?g/m3 and fine (<2.5 ?m) over 1,600 ?g/m3. We conducted an analysis to determine whether the dust storm was associated with increases in all-cause, cardiovascular, respiratory and asthma-related emergency department presentations and hospital admissions. Methods We used distributed-lag Poisson generalized models to analyse the emergency department presentations and hospital admissions adjusted for pollutants, humidity, temperature and day of week and seasonal effects to obtain estimates of relative risks associated with the dust storm. Results The dust storm period was associated with large increases in asthma emergency department visits (relative risk 1.23, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.38, p?

2013-01-01

73

Reterritorialisation of economies and institutions: The rise of the Sydney basin economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an account of institutional and spatial shifts in the Sydney basin economy that coalesce around Australia's current, long period of prosperity. The paper briefly sources this prosperity, noting the key shifts towards the financial and professional services sectors that accompany it. This material is then used to make the argument that two reterritorialisation processes underpin Australia's—and Sydney's—contemporary

Phillip Oneill; Pauline McGuirk

2005-01-01

74

Proceedings of the Australasian Language Technology Workshop 2005, pages 714, Sydney, Australia, December 2005.  

E-print Network

the string Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited: in the absence of an appropri- ate domain lexicon and geographic locations are identified and tracked in texts, has become an important part of other natural

Dale, Robert

75

4th International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning Sydney, Australia, August 1015, 2008  

E-print Network

, Canberra, Australia Wolfgang Paul Saarland University, Saarbr¨ucken, Germany Lawrence C. Paulson University of Cambridge, UK Wolfgang Reif University of Augsburg, Germany Wolfram Schulte Microsoft Research, Redmond, USA

Klein, Gerwin

76

Faculty of Science The University of Glasgow and Macquarie University (Sydney, Australia) are pleased to offer  

E-print Network

for livestock grazing in the early 19th century, leading, it is argued, to major geomorphological impacts., 2011). Glasgow is developing capabilities in the analysis of meteoric cosmogenic beryllium-10, which in arid western New South Wales, Australia: a model for regional change. Geomorphology 29: 191

Guo, Zaoyang

77

Use of Sediment Risk and Ecological/Conservation Value for Strategic Management of Estuarine Environments: Sydney Estuary, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sediment mantling the floor of Sydney estuary contains a wide range of chemicals at highly elevated concentrations over extensive areas. Appropriate sediment management decisions are urgently required to prevent further degradation of sediment quality and to minimize resulting adverse ecological effects. The objective of the present work was to provide a systematic, estuary-wide assessment of sediment risk and ecological/conservation value throughout the harbor to guide sediment management decisions. Sediment risk is the likelihood of sediment chemistry causing adverse biological effects to bottom-dwelling animals and was conducted using national sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) for single contaminants and the mean SQG quotient approach to assess chemical mixtures. Sediment risk was negligible at the mouth of the estuary, but increased strongly landwards. The ecological/conservation value assessment was conducted to identify sites that warrant different levels of protection and was conducted using the value of ecological communities and priority waterway use. Consideration of these two parameters combined enabled the estuary to be prioritized for management attention. The prioritization and identification of appropriate management strategies were determined through the use of management matrices also based on sediment risk and ecological/conservation value. A computer package is being developed to provide managers with information on sediment risk, ecological/conservation value, the urgency and the type of management intervention required for any location in Sydney estuary, in real-time. This approach to estuarine management is unique and will greatly improve effective management of Sydney estuary, and other harbors in urgent need of management action and protection.

Birch, Gavin F.; Hutson, Philip

2009-10-01

78

Water-saving impacts of Smart Meter technology: An empirical 5 year, whole-of-community study in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009-2010 Sydney Water, the primary water utility in Sydney, conducted a comprehensive Smart Metering trial in residential homes in the suburb of Westleigh, in Sydney's north. The trial involved 1923 participants residing in 630 households. A whole-of-community method of engagement was applied to capture the views of residents from 12 to 70+ years of age. The trial examined the effects of the technology on the water consumption of an intervention group compared with that of a matched control group. After removing properties that had been sold since the beginning of the trial, properties in the study group were matched with a control group property on the basis of the household size, property size and the presence (or otherwise) of a swimming pool. The effects of the technology on consumption were measured and analyzed for the period July 2009 to June 2010, coupled with qualitative information that was collected throughout the duration of the study. A key finding was that households with the in-home display (IHD) installed, reduced their consumption by an average of over 6.8% over the study period when compared to the control group. Since completion of the study the community has not had any further interventions. The trial created an opportunity to examine the longer-term effects of the technology (June 2008 to September 2013). Consumption data collected over the 3 year posttrial period revealed that the participant group consumed 6.4% per month less water when compared to the pretrial period, whilst the matched control group consumed 1.3% per month more water when compared to the pretrial period. The reduced consumption of the participant group was maintained over time, demonstrating the long-term value of this technology.

Davies, Kirsten; Doolan, Corinna; van den Honert, Robin; Shi, Rose

2014-09-01

79

Summer Games Underway in Sydney  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Friday, nearly 11,000 athletes from 200 countries strode into the newly built Olympic Stadium in Sydney to open the 2000 Olympic Summer Games. Watched by a crowd of 110,000 and an estimated television audience this evening in the billions, the ceremony was filled with pomp, ceremony, fireworks, dancing, and everything else that might be expected. While due attention has been paid to the various elements of the ceremony and the athletes, press coverage has focused on two events at the opening. First, athletes from North and South Korea marched into the stadium under one unification banner to a standing ovation. Second, the Olympic flame was lit by Australian Olympian Cathy Freeman, who is of aboriginal descent. Preliminary events have already begun, and the games will continue until October 1.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

80

Body mass, cardiovascular risk and metabolic characteristics of young persons presenting for mental healthcare in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine the body mass, cardiovascular and metabolic characteristics of young people presenting for mental healthcare. Design Cross-sectional assessments of body mass, cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors. Setting Two primary-care based sites in Sydney, Australia for young people in the early stages of mental disorders. Participants A clinical sample of young people (12–30?years) with mental health problems. Outcome measures Daily smoking rates, body mass index (BMI), blood glucose and lipids, blood pressure (BP) and pulse rate. Results Of 1005 young people who had their BMI determined (62% female; 19.0±3.5?years), three quarters (739/1005) also had BP recordings and one-third (298/1005) had blood sampling. Clinically, 775 were assigned to one of three diagnostic categories (anxious-depression: n=541; mania-fatigue, n=104; developmental-psychotic n=130). The profile of BMI categories approximated that of the comparable segments of the Australian population. Older age, lower levels of social functioning and higher systolic BP were all associated with high BMI. In a subset (n=129), current use of any psychotropic medication was associated (p<0.05) with increased BMI. Almost one-third of cases were current daily smokers (compared to population rate of 11%). Males had a higher proportion of raised glucose and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) compared to females (9.3% and 34.1% vs 2.1% and 5.9%, respectively). Overall, there was no relationship between BMI and fasting glucose but significant relationships with triglycerides and HDL were noted. Furthermore, there were no significant relationships between diagnostic subgroup and metabolic profiles. Conclusions Daily smoking rates are increased among young people presenting for mental healthcare. However, these young people do not demonstrate adverse cardiometabolic profiles. The high levels of smoking, and association of BMI with adverse social circumstances, suggest that risk factors for chronic disease are already present and likely to be compounded by medication and social disadvantage. PMID:25818274

Scott, Elizabeth M; Hermens, Daniel F; White, Django; Naismith, Sharon L; GeHue, Jeanne; Whitwell, Bradley G; Glozier, Nick; Hickie, Ian B

2015-01-01

81

A pre-and-post study of an urban renewal program in a socially disadvantaged neighbourhood in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Urban renewal programs aim to target both the physical and social environments to improve the social capital, social connectedness, sense of community and economic conditions of residents of the neighbourhoods. We evaluated the impact of an urban renewal program on the health and well-being of residents of a socially disadvantaged community in south-western Sydney, Australia. Methods Pre- and post-urban renewal program surveys were conducted with householders by trained interviewers. The urban renewal program was conducted over 16?months and consisted of internal upgrades (including internal painting; replacement of kitchens, bathrooms and carpets; general maintenance), external upgrades (including property painting; new fencing, carports, letterboxes, concrete driveways, drainage and landscaping), general external maintenance, and social interventions such as community engagement activities, employment initiatives, and building a community meeting place. The questionnaire asked about demographic characteristics, self-reported physical activity, psychological distress, self-rated health, and perceptions of aesthetics, safety and walkability in the neighbourhood. We used the paired chi-square test (McNemars test) to compare paired proportions. A Bonferroni corrected p-value of <0.0013 denoted statistical significance. Results Following the urban renewal program we did not find statistically significant changes in perceptions of aesthetics, safety and walkability in the neighbourhood. However, post-urban renewal, more householders reported there were attractive buildings and homes in their neighbourhood (18% vs 64%), felt that they belonged to the neighbourhood (48% vs 70%), that their area had a reputation for being a safe place (8% vs 27%), that they felt safe walking down their street after dark (52% vs 85%), and that people who came to live in the neighbourhood would be more likely to stay rather than move elsewhere (13% vs 54%). Changes in psychological distress and self-rated health were not statistically significant. Conclusions We found an increase, in the short-term, in the proportion of householders reporting improvements in some aspects of their immediate neighbourhood following the urban renewal program. It will be important to repeat the survey in the future to determine whether these positive changes are sustained. PMID:22788536

2012-01-01

82

The exposure of Sydney (Australia) to earthquake-generated tsunamis, storms and sea level rise: a probabilistic multi-hazard approach  

PubMed Central

Approximately 85% of Australia's population live along the coastal fringe, an area with high exposure to extreme inundations such as tsunamis. However, to date, no Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessments (PTHA) that include inundation have been published for Australia. This limits the development of appropriate risk reduction measures by decision and policy makers. We describe our PTHA undertaken for the Sydney metropolitan area. Using the NOAA NCTR model MOST (Method for Splitting Tsunamis), we simulate 36 earthquake-generated tsunamis with annual probabilities of 1:100, 1:1,000 and 1:10,000, occurring under present and future predicted sea level conditions. For each tsunami scenario we generate a high-resolution inundation map of the maximum water level and flow velocity, and we calculate the exposure of buildings and critical infrastructure. Results indicate that exposure to earthquake-generated tsunamis is relatively low for present events, but increases significantly with higher sea level conditions. The probabilistic approach allowed us to undertake a comparison with an existing storm surge hazard assessment. Interestingly, the exposure to all the simulated tsunamis is significantly lower than that for the 1:100 storm surge scenarios, under the same initial sea level conditions. The results have significant implications for multi-risk and emergency management in Sydney. PMID:25492514

Dall'Osso, F.; Dominey-Howes, D.; Moore, C.; Summerhayes, S.; Withycombe, G.

2014-01-01

83

The exposure of Sydney (Australia) to earthquake-generated tsunamis, storms and sea level rise: a probabilistic multi-hazard approach.  

PubMed

Approximately 85% of Australia's population live along the coastal fringe, an area with high exposure to extreme inundations such as tsunamis. However, to date, no Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessments (PTHA) that include inundation have been published for Australia. This limits the development of appropriate risk reduction measures by decision and policy makers. We describe our PTHA undertaken for the Sydney metropolitan area. Using the NOAA NCTR model MOST (Method for Splitting Tsunamis), we simulate 36 earthquake-generated tsunamis with annual probabilities of 1:100, 1:1,000 and 1:10,000, occurring under present and future predicted sea level conditions. For each tsunami scenario we generate a high-resolution inundation map of the maximum water level and flow velocity, and we calculate the exposure of buildings and critical infrastructure. Results indicate that exposure to earthquake-generated tsunamis is relatively low for present events, but increases significantly with higher sea level conditions. The probabilistic approach allowed us to undertake a comparison with an existing storm surge hazard assessment. Interestingly, the exposure to all the simulated tsunamis is significantly lower than that for the 1:100 storm surge scenarios, under the same initial sea level conditions. The results have significant implications for multi-risk and emergency management in Sydney. PMID:25492514

Dall'Osso, F; Dominey-Howes, D; Moore, C; Summerhayes, S; Withycombe, G

2014-01-01

84

The exposure of Sydney (Australia) to earthquake-generated tsunamis, storms and sea level rise: a probabilistic multi-hazard approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Approximately 85% of Australia's population live along the coastal fringe, an area with high exposure to extreme inundations such as tsunamis. However, to date, no Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessments (PTHA) that include inundation have been published for Australia. This limits the development of appropriate risk reduction measures by decision and policy makers. We describe our PTHA undertaken for the Sydney metropolitan area. Using the NOAA NCTR model MOST (Method for Splitting Tsunamis), we simulate 36 earthquake-generated tsunamis with annual probabilities of 1:100, 1:1,000 and 1:10,000, occurring under present and future predicted sea level conditions. For each tsunami scenario we generate a high-resolution inundation map of the maximum water level and flow velocity, and we calculate the exposure of buildings and critical infrastructure. Results indicate that exposure to earthquake-generated tsunamis is relatively low for present events, but increases significantly with higher sea level conditions. The probabilistic approach allowed us to undertake a comparison with an existing storm surge hazard assessment. Interestingly, the exposure to all the simulated tsunamis is significantly lower than that for the 1:100 storm surge scenarios, under the same initial sea level conditions. The results have significant implications for multi-risk and emergency management in Sydney.

Dall'Osso, F.; Dominey-Howes, D.; Moore, C.; Summerhayes, S.; Withycombe, G.

2014-12-01

85

Interpretation at Wetland Sites in the Sydney Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpretive and educational facilities at five wetland sites near Sydney (Australia) were studied to determine their goals, range of facilities and activities, and themes related to wetlands and their conservation covered in informal visitor programs and formal education programs for school groups. Program objectives and activities were generally…

Chadhokar, Yojana; McLoughlin, Lynette C.

1999-01-01

86

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL  

E-print Network

OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT VALUE CHAIN COSTING SUPPLY CHAIN PLANNING SYSTEMS CONTEMPORARY PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT DISASTER RELIEF OPERATIONS GLOBAL VALUE CHAIN NETWORKS LOGISTICS & TRANSPORT ECONOMICS GISTHE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL CONTENT FOCUS The Logistics and Supply Chain Management

Viglas, Anastasios

87

Promoting the nursing profession: the perceptions of non-English-speaking background high school students in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

By using an ethnographic approach, this paper explores the perceptions of nursing among the non-English-speaking background high school students in Sydney, and describes how the nursing profession could be promoted to them. A volunteer sample of four groups of high school students with parents from Lebanon, Vietnam, Korea and mainland China were recruited. In-depth focus group interviews were conducted. Through constant comparison of categories, 10 concepts emerged from the three major themes to describe the students' career preferences and their influencing factors; their image of nursing and their suggestions on how nursing could be promoted to them. These findings highlighted the significance of social, cultural and political factors that influenced the students' perceptions of nursing and their career choice. Implications and suggestions for marketing and recruitment strategies are discussed. PMID:10095514

Rossiter, J C; Yam, B

1998-12-01

88

Unpacking Time: Minutes from Reggio Emilia, Australia and America. Conference Proceedings (5th, Sydney, Australia, July 8-9, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference proceedings compiles papers presented at the Institute of Early Childhood in July 2000, the fifth in a series examining the challenges which the schools of Reggio Emilia, Italy present the early childhood profession in Australia. The conference focused on time and play in preschool education. Paper topics related to the history of…

Fleet, Alma, Ed.; Robertson, Janet, Ed.

89

Use of 210Pb and 137Cs to simultaneously constrain ages and sources of post-dam sediments in the Cordeaux reservoir, Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Environmental radionuclides can be employed as tracers of sediment movement and delivery to water bodies such as lakes and reservoirs. The chronologies of sediments that have accumulated in the Cordeaux reservoir in Sydney, Australia, were determined by the rate of change of (210)Pb(ex) with depth and indicate slow accretion in the reservoir. The ratio of enrichment of radionuclides in sediment cores to (210)Pb(ex) and (137)Cs concentrations in a reference soil sample within the Cordeaux catchment indicates that the dominant source of sediment in the Cordeaux reservoir is surface erosion (detachment and removal of sediment at depths less than 30 cm). However, in the Kembla Creek arm of the reservoir a mixture of sources was detected and includes sheet and rill erosion together with sub-soil contributions. Implications for the utility of these radionuclide sedimentation assessments, especially where samples are limited, are that well-constrained chronologies and sources of soil erosion are facilitated. PMID:18289748

Simms, Ava D; Woodroffe, Colin; Jones, Brian G; Heijnis, Henk; Mann, Rob A; Harrison, Jennifer

2008-07-01

90

“They just scraped off the calluses”: a mixed methods exploration of foot care access and provision for people with rheumatoid arthritis in south-western Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background There is little indication that foot health services in Australia are meeting modern day recommendations for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients. The overall objective of this study was to explore the current state of foot health services for patients with RA with an emphasis on identifying barriers to the receipt of appropriate foot care in South-West Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Methods A mixed (quantitative and qualitative) approach was adopted. Indications for appropriate access to foot care were determined by comparing the foot health, disease and socio-demographic characteristics of patients with unmet foot care demands, foot care users and patients with no demands for foot care. Perceptions of provision of, and access to, foot care were explored by conducting telephone-based interviews using an interpretative phenomenology approach with thematic analysis. Results Twenty-nine participants took part in the cross-sectional quantitative research study design, and 12 participants took part in the interpretative phenomenological approach (qualitative study). Foot care access appeared to be driven predominantly by the presence of rearfoot deformity, which was significantly worse amongst participants in the foot care user group (p?=?0.02). Five main themes emerged from the qualitative data: 1) impact of disease-related foot symptoms, 2) footwear difficulties, 3) medical/rheumatology encounters, 4) foot and podiatry care access and experiences, and 5) financial hardship. Conclusions Foot care provision does not appear to be driven by appropriate foot health characteristics such as foot pain or foot-related disability. There may be significant shortfalls in footwear and foot care access and provision in Greater Western Sydney. Several barriers to adequate foot care access and provision were identified and further efforts are required to improve access to and the quality of foot care for people who have RA. Integration of podiatry services within rheumatology centres could resolve unmet needs of people with RA by permitting rapid access to expert-led multidisciplinary foot care for people with RA. PMID:23938103

2013-01-01

91

Fluid flow histories in Permo-Triass sediments of the Sydney Basin, SE Australia; isotope and fluid inclusion constraints  

SciTech Connect

A petrographic, isotopic and fluid inclusion investigation of Permo-Triassic sandstones in the Sydney Basin has enabled reconstruction of the history of fluid flow. Diagenetic cements in Triassic sandstones comprise, in order, grain coating clays and carbonates, pore filling carbonates, kaolin, quartz, late interstitial carbonate and illite. Diagenesis in the Permian sandstones began with pore filling siderite prior to saddle ankerite, followed by quartz and then illite and late carbonates. Fluid rock interaction during burial resulted in increases in pore water 8180 from depositional values of -17{per_thousand} to about -12{per_thousand} to -7{per_thousand} at the time of quartz overgrowth crystallization and to between -7{per_thousand} to -1{per_thousand} at the time of illite crystallisation. Interpretation of fluid inclusion data and maturity measurements indicates that heat flow increased during the Triassic and Jurassic, reaching a maximum of about 2.1 HFU in the Cretaceous. Late Cretaceous uplift, cooling and erosion was initiated at the same time as, and probably related to, the initiation of Tasman Sea rifting. The rocks had previously been more deeply buried by 1500-2100m. The uplift resulted in cessation of illite diagenesis timed at 90Ma and meteoric water invasion of the sandstones in turn causing partial resetting of {delta}D compositions of the diagenetic clays to less D-depleted values.

Hamilton, P.J. [CSIRO Petroleum Resources, New South Wales (Australia); Bai, G.P. [Sydney Univ. (Australia)] [and others

1996-12-31

92

Fluid flow histories in Permo-Triass sediments of the Sydney Basin, SE Australia; isotope and fluid inclusion constraints  

SciTech Connect

A petrographic, isotopic and fluid inclusion investigation of Permo-Triassic sandstones in the Sydney Basin has enabled reconstruction of the history of fluid flow. Diagenetic cements in Triassic sandstones comprise, in order, grain coating clays and carbonates, pore filling carbonates, kaolin, quartz, late interstitial carbonate and illite. Diagenesis in the Permian sandstones began with pore filling siderite prior to saddle ankerite, followed by quartz and then illite and late carbonates. Fluid rock interaction during burial resulted in increases in pore water 8180 from depositional values of -17[per thousand] to about -12[per thousand] to -7[per thousand] at the time of quartz overgrowth crystallization and to between -7[per thousand] to -1[per thousand] at the time of illite crystallisation. Interpretation of fluid inclusion data and maturity measurements indicates that heat flow increased during the Triassic and Jurassic, reaching a maximum of about 2.1 HFU in the Cretaceous. Late Cretaceous uplift, cooling and erosion was initiated at the same time as, and probably related to, the initiation of Tasman Sea rifting. The rocks had previously been more deeply buried by 1500-2100m. The uplift resulted in cessation of illite diagenesis timed at 90Ma and meteoric water invasion of the sandstones in turn causing partial resetting of [delta]D compositions of the diagenetic clays to less D-depleted values.

Hamilton, P.J. (CSIRO Petroleum Resources, New South Wales (Australia)); Bai, G.P. (Sydney Univ. (Australia)) (and others)

1996-01-01

93

Immigrant maternal depression and social networks. A multilevel Bayesian spatial logistic regression in South Western Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

The purpose is to explore the multilevel spatial distribution of depressive symptoms among migrant mothers in South Western Sydney and to identify any group level associations that could inform subsequent theory building and local public health interventions. Migrant mothers (n=7256) delivering in 2002 and 2003 were assessed at 2-3 weeks after delivery for risk factors for depressive symptoms. The binary outcome variables were Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale scores (EPDS) of >9 and >12. Individual level variables included were: financial income, self-reported maternal health, social support network, emotional support, practical support, baby trouble sleeping, baby demanding and baby not content. The group level variable reported here is aggregated social support networks. We used Bayesian hierarchical multilevel spatial modelling with conditional autoregression. Migrant mothers were at higher risk of having depressive symptoms if they lived in a community with predominantly Australian-born mothers and strong social capital as measured by aggregated social networks. These findings suggest that migrant mothers are socially isolated and current home visiting services should be strengthened for migrant mothers living in communities where they may have poor social networks. PMID:23973180

Eastwood, John G; Jalaludin, Bin B; Kemp, Lynn A; Phung, Hai N; Barnett, Bryanne E W

2013-09-01

94

Ethnomedicine and dominant medicine in multicultural Australia: a critical realist reflection on the case of Korean-Australian immigrants in Sydney  

PubMed Central

Background Viewed through the micro focus of an interpretive lens, medical anthropology remains mystified because interpretivist explanations seriously downplay the given context in which individual health seeking-behaviours occur. This paper draws upon both the interpretivist and political economy perspectives to reflect on the ethno medical practices within the Korean-Australian community in Sydney. Methods We draw on research data collected between 1995 and 1997 for an earlier study of the use of biomedical and traditional medicine by Korean-Australians in Sydney. A total of 120 interviews were conducted with a range of participants, including biomedical doctors, traditional health professionals, Korean community leaders and Korean migrants representing a range of socio-economic backgrounds and migration patterns. Results and Discussion First, the paper highlights the extent to which the social location of migrants in a host society alters or restructures their initial cultural practices they bring with them. Second, taking hanbang medicine in the Korean-Australian community as an illustrative case, the paper explores the transformation of the dominant biomedicine in Australia as a result of the influx of ethnomedicine in the era of global capitalism and global movement. Conclusion In seeking to explain the popularity and supply of alternative health care, it is important to go beyond the culture of each kind of health care itself and to take into consideration the changes occurring at societal, national and global levels as well as consequential individual response to the changes. New social conditions influence the choice of health care methods, including herbal/alternative medicine, health foods and what are often called New Age therapies. PMID:17201916

Han, Gil-Soo; Ballis, Harry

2007-01-01

95

Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami - an application of the revised Papathoma Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment (PTVA-3) Model in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009a, b) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience. Last, we propose the wider application of the PTVA-3 Model as a tool for building vulnerability assessment. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009a). A revised (PTVA) model for assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 1557-1565. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009b). Assessment of the vulnerability of buildings to damage from tsunami (in Sydney). Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 2015-2026.

Dominey-Howes, Dale; Dall'Osso, Fillippo; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.

2010-05-01

96

Characteristics of the 14 April 1999 Sydney hailstorm based on ground observations, weather radar, insurance data and emergency calls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hailstorms occur frequently in metropolitan Sydney, in the eastern Australian State of New South Wales, which is especially vulnerable due to its building exposure and geographical location. Hailstorms challenge disaster response agencies and pose a great risk for insurance companies. This study focuses on the Sydney hailstorm of 14 April 1999 - Australia's most expensive insured natural disaster, with supporting

S. S. Schuster; R. J. Blong; R. J. Leigh; K. J. McAneney

2005-01-01

97

A human thermal climatology of subtropical Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a physiologically relevant thermal comfort index (OUT_SET*), an analysis of the week-by-week human thermal climate of Sydney was carried out for three levels of metabolic activity. The OUT_SET* index is an outdoor version of the widely used indoor comfort index called the standard effective temperature (SET*) incorporating air and mean radiant temperatures, relative humidity, air velocity, clothing insulation and activity level. The outdoor comfort zone for Sydney in terms of OUT_SET* was found from earlier subjective field studies to be in the range 23.8-28.5°C. The analysis indicated that the mid-summer period (weeks 43 through to 12 in the Southern Hemisphere) was most suitable for sedentary outdoor activities (e.g. watching spectator sport), whereas the mid-winter period was more suitable for light activities such as walking. Sydney's winter was found to be a very suitable season for tourism in many respects because of (a) low rainfall months, like August, and (b) the ability to undertake light activities while remaining within the outdoor comfort zone. For high metabolic activities during the day, for example the mass participation Sydney City-to-Surf fun run, it was found that the threshold limit value for increased risk of heat stress (as defined by ISO 7243, 1989) is exceeded up to 50% of the time during the summer (weeks 50 through to 9 at 3 p.m.) at the 90th percentile probability level. The methods and results of this study should be relevant to end-users such as architects, engineers, outdoor-event planners and the tourism industry in general.

Spagnolo, J. C.; de Dear, R. J.

2003-09-01

98

SOLAR DOMESTIC WATER HEATERS PERFORMANCE IN SYDNEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

'ABSTRACT The performance of solar domestic water heaters was investigated as part of two projects carried out in Sydney in 1983\\/84. One project involved controlled testing of 9 of the most common systems so that comparative performance could be determined. The second project involved monitoring 12 solar water heaters installed in the Housing Commission of N.S.W. Bonnyrig Solar Village. The

G. L. MORRISON

99

Parasites of QX-resistant and wild-type Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) in Moreton Bay, SE Queensland, Australia: diversity and host response.  

PubMed

Wild caught (WC) and QX resistant (QXR) Sydney rock oysters were introduced at North Stradbroke Island and Pimpama River, SE Queensland, Australia, and sampled monthly during 1 year. Three groups of parasites/diseases were identified by observation of histological sections: (1) Marteilia sydneyi (Queensland unknown (QX) disease) and Steinhausia sp. (Microsporidia) characterized by a high prevalence and deleterious impact on the host; (2) disseminated neoplasia and the trematode Proctoeces sp. characterized by low prevalence but deleterious effects on the host; (3) parasites or symbionts with no detectable effect on the host: trematodes, ciliates, turbellarians and metacestodes. Mortality rates were similar between both oyster lines but higher at Pimpama River (reaching around 90%) than Stradbroke Island, mostly because of QX disease and, to a lesser extent, to the unfavourable environmental conditions of the summer 2010-2011. Lower prevalences of QX disease at Stradbroke Island probably related to the relative lack of intermediate hosts of the parasite and to lower freshwater input. Surprisingly, no difference in prevalence of QX disease was observed between the two oyster lines. PMID:23274078

Dang, Cécile; Cribb, Thomas H; Cutmore, Scott C; Chan, Janlin; Hénault, Olivier; Barnes, Andrew C

2013-03-01

100

Palaeogeographic reconstruction of sandstones using weighted mean grain-size maps, with examples from the Karoo Basin (South Africa) and the Sydney Basin (Australia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although sandstone grain-size maps can be a powerful means of reconstructing ancient depositional environments, they have rarely been used in the past. In this paper, two case studies are presented to illustrate the potential of this technique where other, more conventional methods may not be applicable. In the first case, a braided to anastomosing river system in the Triassic Molteno Formation of the South African Karoo Basin is examined. The weighted mean grain-size map clearly portrays the distribution of channels and islands and compares very well with other methods of reconstruction. The second case study examines an offshore shoal in the Permian Nowra Sandstone of the Sydney Basin in Australia. Here the grain-size map shows a north-northeasterly trend parallel to the orientation of the shoal, with a zone of coarsest grains displaced to the east of the shoal crest. This probably reflects the location of the breaker zone. As grain size is an important factor controlling the porosity and permeability of sediments, these maps can provide very useful information when exploring for epigenetic, stratabound ore deposits such as uranium, or planning production wells for oil and gas.

le Roux, J. P.

1992-12-01

101

Is there a role for workplaces in reducing employees' driving to work? Findings from a cross-sectional survey from inner-west Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background The role of workplaces in promoting active travel (walking, cycling or using public transport) is relatively unexplored. This study explores the potential for workplaces to reduce employees' driving to work in order to inform the development of workplace interventions for promoting active travel. Methods An analysis of a cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from parents/guardians whose children participated in the Central Sydney Walk to School Program in inner-west Sydney, Australia. A total of 888 parents/guardians who were employed and worked outside home were included in this analysis. The role of the workplace in regards to active travel was assessed by asking the respondents' level of agreement to eight statements including workplace encouragement of active travel, flexible working hours, public transport availability, convenient parking, shower and change rooms for employees and whether they lived or worked in a safe place. Self-reported main mode of journey to work and demographic data were collected through a self-administrated survey. Binary logistic regression modelling was used to ascertain independent predictors of driving to work. Results Sixty nine per cent of respondents travelled to work by car, and 19% agreed with the statement, "My workplace encourages its employees to go to and from work by public transport, cycling and/or walking (active travel)." The survey respondents with a workplace encouraging active travel to work were significantly less likely to drive to work (49%) than those without this encouragement (73%) with an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of 0.41 (95% CI 0.23-0.73, P = 0.002). Having convenient public transport close to the workplace or home was also an important factor that could discourage employees from driving to work with AOR 0.17 (95% CI 0.09-0.31, P < 0.0001) and AOR 0.50 (95% CI 0.28-0.90, P = 0.02) respectively. In contrast, convenient parking near the workplace significantly increased the likelihood of respondents driving to work (AOR 4.6, 95% CI 2.8-7.4, P < 0.0001). Conclusions There is a significant inverse association between the perception of workplace encouragement for active travel and driving to work. Increases in the number of workplaces that encourage their employees to commute to work via active travel could potentially lead to fewer employees driving to work. In order to make active travel more appealing than driving to work, workplace interventions should consider developing supportive workplace policies and environments. PMID:20113527

2010-01-01

102

Explaining ecological clusters of maternal depression in South Western Sydney  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of the qualitative study reported here was to: 1) explain the observed clustering of postnatal depressive symptoms in South Western Sydney; and 2) identify group-level mechanisms that would add to our understanding of the social determinants of maternal depression. Methods Critical realism provided the methodological underpinning for the study. The setting was four local government areas in South Western Sydney, Australia. Child and Family practitioners and mothers in naturally occurring mothers groups were interviewed. Results Using an open coding approach to maximise emergence of patterns and relationships we have identified seven theoretical concepts that might explain the observed spatial clustering of maternal depression. The theoretical concepts identified were: Community-level social networks; Social Capital and Social Cohesion; "Depressed community"; Access to services at the group level; Ethnic segregation and diversity; Supportive social policy; and Big business. Conclusions We postulate that these regional structural, economic, social and cultural mechanisms partially explain the pattern of maternal depression observed in families and communities within South Western Sydney. We further observe that powerful global economic and political forces are having an impact on the local situation. The challenge for policy and practice is to support mothers and their families within this adverse regional and global-economic context. PMID:24460690

2014-01-01

103

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 98 8. RECOMMENDATIONS  

E-print Network

, Sydney. Wood, D.R.V. 1986. Stephen Henry Roberts, historian and Vice-Chancellor: A short biography of Sydney Section 170 Register'. Fisher, G.l. (ed). 1975. The University of Sydney 1850-1975: Some history

Viglas, Anastasios

104

The media at Asilomar, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Manipulation>Revolution>putting it together Sydney Brenner on the Press at Asilomar Sydney Brenner talks about his suggestion that the Press switch off their tape recorders at Asilomar.

2008-10-06

105

Proceedings of the 55th Session of the International Statistics Institute, 512 April 2005, Sydney, Australia, Paper 116.  

E-print Network

, Australia, Paper 116. Individual Channel Analysis of Two-Colour Microarrays Gordon K. Smyth Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Bioinformatics 1G Royal Parade, Parkville 3050, Australia smyth

Smyth, Gordon K.

106

Hailstones across the Greater Sydney Metropolitan Area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study addresses the recent climatology of hail occurrence in the Greater Metropolitan Severe Thunderstorm Warning Area (GMSTWA) of New South Wales, Australia, which is a sprawling suburban area, with a population of nearly 4.7 million and one of Australia's largest metropolis. The main objective is to highlight the recent temporal-spatial fluctuations of hailstone frequencies and magnitudes for each of recognized and vastly inhabited Local Government Areas (LGAs). The relevant hail event data from 1989 to 2013 were initially derived from the severe storm archive of Australian Bureau of Meteorology. A climatologically oriented GIS technique was applied in the examining and mapping procedure of all hail events and hail days reported throughout the study area. By applying a specific criterion, all severe hails (defined as 2 cm or more in diameter) were cautiously selected and then imported into the ArcGIS software for relevant analysis. Appropriate data layers were stored in a unique database to allow logical integration of the data directly into some geoprocessing functions, mainly for querying, analyzing and mapping purposes in a model-builder setting. The database includes 357 hailstones with sizes 2-11 cm and occurred in 169 hail days across the region during the past 25 years. The models have established that hailstones are neither temporally nor spatially uniform in magnitude throughout the study area. Temporal analysis indicated that most of hail events occurred predominately in the afternoons with peak time of 1-5 p.m. EST. They were particularly common in spring and summer, and reached maximum frequency in November and December. There was an average of 14.3 events each year, but a significant decreasing trend in terms of hail frequency and associated magnitude in the recent years has been identified. In turn, spatial models also established three main distribution patterns over the study area, which include the Sydney Metropolitan, coastal and pronounced topographic effects. Based on the understanding of the favorable factors for thunderstorm development in the GMSTWA, the potential impacts from climate variability and future climate change have been briefly discussed.

Rasuly, A. A.; Cheung, K. K. W.; McBurney, B.

2014-11-01

107

The influence of palaeoenvironment and lava flux on the emplacement of submarine, near-shore Late Permian basalt lavas, Sydney Basin (Australia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lava flux and a low palaeoslope were the critical factors in determining the development of different facies in the Late Permian Blow Hole flow, which comprises a series of shoshonitic basalt lavas and associated volcaniclastic detritus in the southern Sydney Basin of eastern Australia. The unit consists of a lower lobe and sheet facies, a middle tube and breccia facies, and an upper columnar-jointed facies. Close similarities in petrography and geochemistry between the basalt lavas from the three facies suggest similar viscosities at similar temperatures. Sedimentological and palaeontological evidence from the sedimentary units immediately below the Blow Hole flow suggests that the lower part of the volcanic unit was emplaced in a cold water, shallow submarine environment, but at least the top of the uppermost lava was subaerial with some palaeosol development. The lower lobe and sheet facies was emplaced on a low slope (<2°) in a lower to middle shoreface environment with water depths of ˜20-25 m. Lava may have transgressed from subaerial to subaqueous and was emplaced relatively passively with lava flux sufficiently high and uniform to form lobes and sheets rather than pillows. The middle unit probably originated from a subaerial vent and flowed into a shallow (10-15 m) submarine environment, and wave action probably interacted with the advancing lava front to form a lava delta. Lava flux was sufficiently high to produce well-developed, subcircular lava tubes, which lack evidence for thermal erosion. In some areas, lava 'burrowed' into the unconsolidated, water-saturated lava delta and sand pile to produce intrusive contacts. The upper columnar-jointed unit represents a ponded facies probably emplaced initially in water depths <5 m but whose top was subaerial.

Carr, Paul F.; Jones, Brian G.

2001-12-01

108

An environmental intervention to promote walking and cycling—the impact of a newly constructed Rail Trail in Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFew studies have evaluated environmental changes to promote physical activity. The impact of a local promotional campaign around a newly constructed Rail Trail in western Sydney, Australia, was assessed.

Dafna Merom; Adrian Bauman; Philip Vita; Glenn Close

2003-01-01

109

Tackling the Issues of Landscape Characterisation for Natural Resource Management in Urban and Peri-urban Western Sydney, Australia: Application of the Hydro-Geologic Landscapes Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dryland salinity is a natural resource management issue and a planning hazard in urban/peri-urban Western Sydney, where there is enormous development pressure. The level of detail available on local geological, hydrogeologic and soils maps commonly does not provide sufficient detail for sub-catchment scale urban development planning and natural resource management (NRM) decision-making. The dominant lithologies for the area are relatively thick (up to 300m), flat-lying, Triassic fluvial and shallow marine siliciclastic sediments of the Sydney Basin. Localised areas of Cainozoic gravels cover the palaeo-landscapes developed on older rocks, and modern fluvial processes along the Hawkesbury River and tributaries continue to modify the landscape. Salt is concentrated in this landscape through aeolian accession and deposition from oceanic aerosols, but almost never as fossil (connate) salts. The redistribution of salts by the process of aeolian accession typically takes place when the salts are coupled with windblown dust known as parna. For south-eastern NSW, this dust originates from areas which are more arid, such as the western regions of the NSW and Victorian states. Aerosols from the ocean can be responsible for the deposition of salts up to a few hundred kilometres from their source. This process is responsible for a significant contribution of salt in the Sydney area. Field observations have shown that salt outbreaks are more dominant on some Sydney Basin units, specifically the Wianamatta Group sediments, some Cainozoic units, and along many active drainage systems. The Wianamatta Group sediments comprise three sub-groups; the Bringelly Shale, Minchinbury Sandstone and Ashfield Shale. The Cainozoic sediments comprise at least three units; the Saint Mary's Formation, Rickaby's Creek Gravels and Londonderry Clay. In Western Sydney these successions form an east-west oriented, tear-drop-shaped sub-basin, the Cumberland Basin, that narrows and thins to the east. In the field, it has proven difficult to consistently discriminate between the Wianamatta Group sequence and the Cainozoic sediments without precise geomorphological characterisation of the landscape coupled with stratigraphic profiling. Further, terraces in the Recent fluvial deposits contribute to the development of a complex "stepped" landscape structure. Detailed biophysical typing of landscapes in this area using Hydro-Geologic Landscape characterisation, a scaled and modified Groundwater Flow System approach, allows constraint of salt storage and distribution, and development of conceptual models for saline fluid flow, and hence informs urban planning and NRM decision-making and provides evidence for implementation of preferred land use practices. Strategic planning for dryland salinity, with respect to urban development, must address two principal concerns: the manifestation of land salinisation, and salinisation of waterways in this landscape; and, the impact of a high runoff, high recharge, low perenniality, low groundwater-consumption land use model (e.g. high density suburban housing). Land salinisation impacts on engineering structures, roads, and built infrastructure, and stresses vegetation. Water quality is an issue, especially if development occurs in a drinking water catchment. In order to minimise these impacts on future urban developments, a well-structured decision support system that underpins planning is required. Biophysical characterisation of the landscapes, using the Hydro-Geologic Landscapes (HGL) technique, is complimented by careful studies of the stratigraphy of the Wianamatta Group sediments, the overlying Cainozoic sediments and the Quaternary-Recent deposits in this area. In addition a preliminary groundwater study has been undertaken. Understanding of the detailed regolith geology, hydrology, geomorphology and geological structures allows for appropriate management in a delicate landscape and underpins development planning in outer urban Sydney.

Moore, C. L.; Harvey, K.

2009-04-01

110

Implications to stormwater management as a result of lot scale rainwater tank systems: a case study in Western Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Rainwater tanks are increasingly adopted in Australia to reduce potable water demand and are perceived to reduce the volume of stormwater discharge from developments. This paper investigates the water balance of rainwater tanks, in particular the possible impacts these tanks could have in controlling the stormwater discharge volume. The study collected water quantity data from two sites in the Hawkesbury City Council area, New South Wales, Australia and utilised the collected data in a simple water balance model to assess the effectiveness of rainwater tanks in reducing the stormwater discharge volume. The results indicate that a significant reduction in discharge volume from a lot scale development can be achieved if the rainwater tank is connected to multiple end-uses, but is minimal when using irrigation alone. In addition, the commonly used volumetric runoff coefficient of 0.9 was found to over-estimate the runoff from the roof areas and to thereby under-estimate the available volume within the rainwater tanks for retention or detention. Also, sole reliance on the water in the rainwater tanks can make the users aware of their water use pattern and water availability, resulting in significant reductions in water use as the supply dwindles, through self-imposed water restrictions. PMID:22466596

van der Sterren, M; Rahman, A; Dennis, G R

2012-01-01

111

Globalization and the public sphereExploring the space of community media in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent accounts of Habermas's conception of the public sphere concern the interlocking of multiple networks and spaces. In a global context new interfaces between existing (counter-) public spheres can lead to multiple counter-publics. This article explores this phenomenon through the examination of the communicative spaces that offer alternatives to Australia's mainstream public sphere from three different strands of Sydney's community

Nick Couldry; Tanja Dreher

2007-01-01

112

Concentrations of Pathogens and Indicators in Animal Feces in the Sydney Watershed  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fecal analysis survey was undertaken to quantify animal inputs of pathogenic and indicator microorgan- isms in the temperate watersheds of Sydney, Australia. The feces from a range of domestic animals and wildlife were analyzed for the indicator bacteria fecal coliforms and Clostridium perfringens spores, the pathogenic protozoa Cryptosporidium and Giardia, and the enteric viruses adenovirus, enterovirus, and reovirus. Pathogen

Peter Cox; Merran Griffith; Mark Angles; Daniel Deere; Christobel Ferguson

2005-01-01

113

Creating Effective Holocaust Education Programmes for Government Schools with Large Muslim Populations in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Holocaust education can play a role in countering the ongoing problem of prejudice and incitement to hate that can lead to racial tension and violence. This article examines the beliefs of Muslim school children towards Jews in Sydney, Australia. It then discusses efforts to use Holocaust education to combat racist beliefs and hate language, and…

Rutland, Suzanne D.

2010-01-01

114

"A Reservoir of Learning": The Beginnings of Continuing Education at the University of Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult education has often been on the margin of university offerings in Australia and elsewhere, sometimes regarded as "non-core" business or at least as a financial drain on the institution. At the University of Sydney, however, adult education has managed to survive in one form or other for over 140 years, currently through the Centre for…

Dymock, Darryl

2009-01-01

115

Tracing Discourses of Social Action: Inner-City Sydney Neighbourhood Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on my doctoral research around community organizations in the inner city of Sydney, Australia. The neighbourhood centres (NCs) provide a case study of sites where discourses of feminism, multiculturalism and urban environmentalism have been activated within a social justice framework. The research participants were activists…

Rule, John

2005-01-01

116

Sexual health and use of condoms among local and international sex workers in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To compare indicators of sexual health and predictors of condom use for commercial sex among local and international female sex workers first attending an STD clinic. SETTING: A public STD clinic in Sydney, Australia. SUBJECTS: All sex workers first attending between June 1991 and May 1993. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of demographic, behavioural and morbidity data from proforma medical records.

C C OConnor; G Berry; R Rohrsheim; B Donovan

1996-01-01

117

Gallery 21: Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson (2)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

(Page 2 of 2) Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson trying to arrange a visit to Meselson's lab. Meselson forwarded the letter to George 'Beets' Beadle, department chair, to request financial assistance for Brenner.

2009-12-26

118

Gallery 21: Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson (1)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

(Page 1 of 2) Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson trying to arrange a visit to Meselson's lab. Meselson forwarded the letter to George 'Beets' Beadle, department chair, to request financial assistance for Brenner.

2009-12-26

119

Future Training Issues in Australia's Industries. A Collection of the Papers Presented at the NCVER 1998 Conference: Industry Training Outlook '98 (Sydney, Australia, October 12-13, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 31 papers from a conference on future training issues in Australia's industries. The following papers are included: "Training Development in Australia" (Chris Ellison); "Meeting National and Employer Training Requirements" (Mark Paterson); "Meeting Employee Training Requirements" (Bill Mansfield); "Training Challenges in…

Curtin, Penelope, Ed.

120

ISSN1834-3937 Level 1, 341 George St Sydney NSW 2000  

E-print Network

ISSN1834-3937 SYDNEY ALUMNI MAgAzINE JULY 2011 #12;Level 1, 341 George St Sydney NSW 2000 Ph: + 61 archaeological sites of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Paestum; the Renaissance and baroque architecture of Naples Michael Spence, Karma Tshering, Paul Wright. Editorial Advisory Committee SAM the Sydney Alumni Magazine

Du, Jie

121

Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami in Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience.

Dall'Osso, F.; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.; Dominey-Howes, D.

2009-12-01

122

Creating effective Holocaust education programmes for government schools with large Muslim populations in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Holocaust education can play a role in countering the ongoing problem of prejudice and incitement to hate that can lead to\\u000a racial tension and violence. This article examines the beliefs of Muslim school children towards Jews in Sydney, Australia.\\u000a It then discusses efforts to use Holocaust education to combat racist beliefs and hate language, and an alternative approach\\u000a that illustrates

Suzanne D. Rutland; UNESCO IBE

2010-01-01

123

Using a Dance Pad to Navigate through the Virtual Heritage Environment of Macquarie Lighthouse, Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we look at the potential of a novel navigational interface, a dance pad, to allow users to intuitively explore\\u000a a virtual heritage environment. An immersive Virtual Reality environment has been created to learn about the historical background\\u000a of the Macquarie lighthouse in Sydney, Australia. Using the dance pad technology, we hoped to allow the users to literally

Eric Fassbender; Debbie Richards

2007-01-01

124

Should cities hosting mass gatherings invest in public health surveillance and planning? Reflections from a decade of mass gatherings in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Mass gatherings have been defined by the World Health Organisation as "events attended by a sufficient number of people to strain the planning and response resources of a community, state or nation". This paper explores the public health response to mass gatherings in Sydney, the factors that influenced the extent of deployment of resources and the utility of planning for mass gatherings as a preparedness exercise for other health emergencies. Discussion Not all mass gatherings of people require enhanced surveillance and additional response. The main drivers of extensive public health planning for mass gatherings reflect geographical spread, number of international visitors, event duration and political and religious considerations. In these instances, the implementation of a formal risk assessment prior to the event with ongoing daily review is important in identifying public health hazards. Developing and utilising event-specific surveillance to provide early-warning systems that address the specific risks identified through the risk assessment process are essential. The extent to which additional resources are required will vary and depend on the current level of surveillance infrastructure. Planning the public health response is the third step in preparing for mass gatherings. If the existing public health workforce has been regularly trained in emergency response procedures then far less effort and resources will be needed to prepare for each mass gathering event. The use of formal emergency management structures and co-location of surveillance and planning operational teams during events facilitates timely communication and action. Summary One-off mass gathering events can provide a catalyst for innovation and engagement and result in opportunities for ongoing public health planning, training and surveillance enhancements that outlasted each event. PMID:19735577

Thackway, Sarah; Churches, Timothy; Fizzell, Jan; Muscatello, David; Armstrong, Paul

2009-01-01

125

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY Examinations Emergency Evacuations (section 4.4)  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY Examinations ­ Emergency Evacuations (section 4.4) (edited excerpt from to time, examination rooms may need to be evacuated as a result of fire alarms or warnings of other emergencies. Presiding supervisors must make a note of the time the examination was stopped and must adhere

Viglas, Anastasios

126

ISSN1834-3937 Sydney FeStival  

E-print Network

Sutter City Recital Hall Angel Place, January 18 Leadership Partner #12;SAM NOV 2010 1 editor Diana.simmonds@sydney.edu.au Contributors Michael Amendolia, Caroline Baum, Elissa Blake, Sara Donald, Prof John Hearn, gizmo, iStockPhoto, Daniele Mattioli, Fran Molloy, Chris Rodley, Ted Sealey, Dr Michael Spence, Michael Waterhouse, Dan White

Viglas, Anastasios

127

Rewriting "The Road to Nowhere": Place Pedagogies in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Negative representations of parts of our cities are endemic in the Australian media, where certain suburbs function as motifs for failure--past, present, and future. Indeed, as one journalist put it after invoking the "interchangeable" triumvirate of Sydney's Mount Druitt, Melbourne's West Heidelberg, and Brisbane's Inala, "geography is destiny"…

Gannon, Susanne

2009-01-01

128

Engaging the Refugee Community of Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the community engagement program, "Refugee Action Support" (RAS) at the University of Western Sydney. RAS is a partnership program between the Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation, The NSW Department of Education and Training and the university. The Refugee Action Support program prepares pre-service teachers to teach…

Naidoo, Loshini

2010-01-01

129

PM 10 concentrations and mass transport during "Red Dawn" - Sydney 23 September 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dust storm on 22 and 23 September 2009, called "Red Dawn", was the largest to pass over Sydney in term of reduced visibility (400 m) since reliable records began in 1940. The maximum hourly PM 10 concentration measured near Sydney was 15,366 ?g/m 3 at Bringelly and is the highest ever recorded for Sydney and possibly any Australian capital city. The Australian air quality standard of 50 ?g/m 3 per 24 h was massively exceeded at Randwick (1734 ?g/m 3) and Newcastle (2426 ?g/m 3). Red Dawn was caused by drought and the extreme wind conditions caused by a low pressure trough and cold front associated with a deep cut-off low pressure system. The source of the dust was the red sandplains of western New South Wales, the sandplains, riverine channels and lakes of the lower Lake Eyre Basin and Channel Country of Queensland. Between 22 September 2009 at 1400 and 23 September 2009, 0.3 Mt of PM 10 dust was transported off the coast between Albion Park and Newcastle (182 km length) near Sydney. The maximum hourly rate of PM 10 dust lost off the coast near Sydney was 71,015 t/h on 22 September at 2100. Calculating the total suspended particulate sediment lost off the Australian coast for the 3000 km long Red Dawn dust storm gives an estimate of 2.54 Mt for a plume height of 2500 m. This is the first and largest off-continent loss of soil ever reported using measured, as apposed to modelled, dust concentrations for Australia.

Leys, John F.; Heidenreich, Stephan K.; Strong, Craig L.; McTainsh, Grant H.; Quigley, Suzanne

2011-12-01

130

Travel Mode and Physical Activity at Sydney University  

PubMed Central

How staff and students travel to university can impact their physical activity level. An online survey of physical activity and travel behaviour was conducted in early November 2012 to inform planning of physical activity and active travel promotion programs at the University of Sydney, Australia as part of the “Sit Less, Move More” sub-committee of the Healthy University Initiative, and as baseline data for evaluation. There were 3,737 useable responses, 60% of which were from students. Four out of five respondents travelled to the University on the day of interest (Tuesday, November 30, 2012). The most frequently used travel modes were train (32%), car as driver (22%), bus (17%), walking (17%) and cycling (6%). Staff were twice as likely to drive as students, and also slightly more likely to use active transport, defined as walking and cycling (26% versus 22%). Overall, 41% of respondents were sufficiently active (defined by meeting physical activity recommendations of 150 min per week). Participants were more likely to meet physical activity recommendations if they travelled actively to the University. With a high proportion of respondents using active travel modes or public transport already, increasing the physical activity levels and increasing the use of sustainable travel modes would mean a mode shift from public transport to walking and cycling for students is needed and a mode shift from driving to public transport or active travel for University staff. Strategies to achieve this are discussed. PMID:23939390

Rissel, Chris; Mulley, Corinne; Ding, Ding

2013-01-01

131

Monitoring water quality in Sydney Harbour using blue mussels during remediation of the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada.  

PubMed

Using mussels as monitoring tools we measured water quality in Sydney Harbour during a large scale, multi-year remediation project of the Sydney Tar Ponds (STPs); one of Canada's most contaminated sites. Chemical contaminants were measured in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) in Sydney Harbour, which were used as monitoring tools to assess the spatio-temporal distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs); polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); metals (As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) and lipid content during baseline and 3 years of remediation. The overall spatio-temporal distribution of chemicals in mussels was also compared to contaminants in other marine indicators (e.g., sediment, water and crab tissue). Measured metal concentrations in mussels showed some minor temporal variability (4 years), but these did not appear to be directly related to remediation activities, with the highest concentrations of As, Hg and Zn measured at reference stations. Most measured contaminants showed stable or potentially decreasing concentrations during the study, except Pb and Zn. Individual PAH compounds were mostly undetected during baseline and remediation, except for fluoranthene and pyrene. Concentrations of fluoranthene in mussels and deep water samples were moderately related. Generally, PCBs were undetected (<0.05 ?g g(-1)), except during year 2 remediation at some near-field stations. Contaminants measured during this study were at much lower concentrations than previously reported in other studies of mussels in Sydney Harbour and eastern Canada. This is likely due to the ongoing natural recovery of Sydney Harbour and to a lesser extent because of the environmental mitigation protection measures implemented during remediation activities at the STPs. The lack of detection of most individual PAHs and PCBs, plus relatively low bio-accumulation of metals observed during baseline and remediation attest to the effectiveness of using mussels as monitoring tools for environmental quality. PMID:24105125

Walker, Tony R; MacAskill, Devin

2014-03-01

132

The emergence and evolution of the novel epidemic norovirus GII.4 variant Sydney 2012.  

PubMed

Norovirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis with most infections caused by GII.4 variants. To understand the evolutionary processes that contribute to the emergence of GII.4 variants, we examined the molecular epidemiology of norovirus-associated acute gastroenteritis in Australia and New Zealand from 893 outbreaks between 2009 and 2012. Throughout the study GII.4 New Orleans 2009 was predominant; however, during 2012 it was replaced by an emergent GII.4 variant, Sydney 2012. An evolutionary analysis of capsid gene sequences was performed to determine the origins and selective pressures driving the emergence of these recently circulating GII.4 variants. This revealed that both New Orleans 2009 and Sydney 2012 share a common ancestor with GII.4 Apeldoorn 2007. Furthermore, pre-epidemic ancestral variants of each virus were identified up to two years before their pandemic emergence. Adaptive changes at known blockade epitopes in the viral capsid were also identified that likely contributed to their emergence. PMID:24503072

Eden, John-Sebastian; Hewitt, Joanne; Lim, Kun Lee; Boni, Maciej F; Merif, Juan; Greening, Gail; Ratcliff, Rodney M; Holmes, Edward C; Tanaka, Mark M; Rawlinson, William D; White, Peter A

2014-02-01

133

Developing social inclusion through after?school homework tutoring: a study of African refugee students in Greater Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schools represent the primary setting where refugee children learn about Australian life and culture. They serve as a broad context for acculturation not only for academic development and language acquisition but for cultural learning too. This paper focuses on the after?school homework tutoring programme that uses University of Western Sydney (Australia) secondary teacher education students as tutors for African refugee

Loshini Naidoo

2009-01-01

134

Sharing Todays Resources--Meeting Tomorrows Needs. Papers, Workshop Reports and Associated Material Presented at the Seminar on Resources Coordination and Librarians' Groups: An Information Exchange Day (Sydney, Australia, July 26, 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet brings together papers, reports, and associated material from the seminar on school library resource coordination and librarians' groups in New South Wales held at Summer Hill Public School in Sydney. The collection includes a general introduction to the scope and goals of the seminar; a list of seminar speakers; papers on cooperative…

Broadbent, Marianne, Ed.

135

Numeracy and Beyond. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia Incorporated (24th, Sydney, Australia, June 30-July 4, 2001). Volume 1 [and] Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document represents volumes 1 and 2 of the proceedings of the 24th annual conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia (MERGA) held at the University of Sydney, June 30-July 4, 2001. In volume 1, papers include: (1) "Connecting Mathematics Education Research to Practice" (Judith Sowder); (2) "Understanding, Assessing,…

Bobis, Janette, Ed.; Perry, Bob, Ed.; Mitchelmore, Michael, Ed.

136

Relationships between dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like biphenyls (dl-PCBs) congener concentrations in aquatic organisms from Sydney Estuary, Australia and physiology, spatial, seasonality, trophodynamic and life history traits.  

PubMed

Over the past few decades, there has been considerable interest in hydrophobic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and their accumulative properties in aquatic organisms. Several factors, such as environmental concentrations (i.e. in sediment) and physiological characteristics of organisms determine species-specific accumulation patterns of POPs in marine animal tissue. The present study investigated factors that govern species-specific accumulation patterns of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in a food web from Sydney Estuary (Australia). The results indicated that physiological characteristics, i.e. lipid %, spatial, i.e. distance from Homebush Bay (point source of POPs) and life history characteristics of the organisms, such as diet and home range, influence PCDD/F and dl-PCB tissue concentrations to a varying degree. For example, PCDD/F tissue concentrations increased with the presence of detritivorous diet, species with limited home range and close proximity to Homebush Bay. On the other hand, lipid %, piscivorous diet and close proximity to Homebush Bay were the main predictors causing increases in dl-PCB tissue levels. Distance from Homebush Bay was the only predictor affecting both PCDD/F and dl-PCB tissue levels at a similar rate, i.e. decreasing tissue concentrations as the distance increases from Homebush Bay. PMID:24840280

Sezmis, Aysha Laila; Birch, Gavin; Covaci, Adrian

2014-08-15

137

Trace metals in oysters and sediments of Botany Bay, Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trace metal concentrations (Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn) in Sydney rock oysters (Sacostera commercialis) and sediments (<53 ?m fraction) were determined for six sites in the northern regions of Botany Bay. Levels for lead, cadmium, copper and zinc in oysters ranged (in ?g g?1) from 1.38 to 15.3, 1.81 to 16.3, 56.1 to 212 and 1806 to 2902, respectively. In

W. J Hayes; I. J Anderson; M. Z Gaffoor; J Hurtado

1998-01-01

138

Taking Charge: Walter Sydney Adams and the Mount Wilson Observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing preeminence of American observational astronomy in the first half of the 20th century is a well-known story and much credit is given to George Ellery Hale and his skill as an observatory-building entrepreneur. But a key figure who has yet to be discussed in great detail is Walter Sydney Adams (1876-1956), Hale's Assistant Director at Mount Wilson Observatory.

R. Brashear

2004-01-01

139

Watching the Games: public health surveillance for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

PubMed Central

Design: Planning for the system took almost three years. Its major components included increased surveillance of communicable diseases; presentations to sentinel emergency departments; medical encounters at Olympic venues; cruise ship surveillance; environmental and food safety inspections; surveillance for bioterrorism; and global epidemic intelligence. A daily report integrated data from all sources. Setting: Sydney, Australia. Surveillance spanned the period 28 August to 4 October 2000. Participants: Residents of Sydney, athletes and officials, Australian and international visitors. Main results: No outbreaks of communicable diseases were detected. There were around 5% more presentations to Sydney emergency departments than in comparable periods in other years. Several incidents detected through surveillance, including injuries caused by broken glass, and a cluster of presentations related to the use of the drug ecstasy, prompted further action. Conclusions: Key elements in the success of public health surveillance for the Games included its careful planning, its comprehensive coverage of public health issues, and its timely reporting and communication processes. Future systems need to be flexible enough to detect the unexpected. PMID:12540684

Jorm, L; Thackway, S; Churches, T; Hills, M

2003-01-01

140

Estimating future trends in severe hailstorms over the Sydney Basin: A climate modelling study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study estimates future trends in the characteristics of severe hailstorms that affect the most heavily populated region of Australia, the Sydney Basin, using coupled climate model simulations under both fixed (no change) greenhouse gas concentrations and the IPCC SRES A1B future climate scenario. The "future climate", as defined here, is the 50-year period January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2050. First, an assessment is made of the ability of the climate model, in very high-resolution mesoscale model mode, to simulate three of the most severe hailstorms recorded in the Sydney Basin during the "present climate" period, defined here as the years 1990 to 2002. These simulations, nested down to 1 km grid spacing, are compared with the archived hail observations of the storms. The climate model then is used to provide estimates of projected changes in hailstorm frequency, tracks, intensity, duration, and hail size over the Sydney Basin for the "future climate" period. The model employed in all simulations is the University of Oklahoma Coupled General Circulation Model, known as OU-CGCM, which also can be run as a high-resolution NWP model. The high-resolution version of the OU-CGCM used for the case studies employs a hierarchy of graded mesh and nested model domains, with a sophisticated 10-ice phase cloud microphysics scheme used in the highest resolution domain (1 km horizontal grid spacing) of the model. This work builds upon preliminary hail modelling case studies over eastern New South Wales carried out by the present authors with an earlier version of the model. The model results under the SRES A1B future climate scenario show significant trends out to 2050 in the key characteristics of severe hailstorms over the Sydney Basin, relative to both the 1990-2002 present climate and the 2001-2050 no-change future climate.

Leslie, Lance M.; Leplastrier, Mark; Buckley, Bruce W.

2008-01-01

141

Relating a gene to a sequence of amino acids, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Code>Reading the code>players Defining the gene Sydney Brenner talks about the gene, and Seymour Benzer's contributions in matching the gene to protein sequence.

2008-10-06

142

A good organism to use for genetic research, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Manipulation>Techniques>model organisms>interviews Why the worm? Nobel Laureate Sydney Brenner talks about the reasons why C. elegans, a nematode worm, is a useful organism to study.

2008-10-06

143

Concentrations of Pathogens and Indicators in Animal Feces in the Sydney Watershed  

PubMed Central

A fecal analysis survey was undertaken to quantify animal inputs of pathogenic and indicator microorganisms in the temperate watersheds of Sydney, Australia. The feces from a range of domestic animals and wildlife were analyzed for the indicator bacteria fecal coliforms and Clostridium perfringens spores, the pathogenic protozoa Cryptosporidium and Giardia, and the enteric viruses adenovirus, enterovirus, and reovirus. Pathogen and fecal indicator concentrations were generally higher in domestic animal feces than in wildlife feces. Future studies to quantify potential pathogen risks in drinking-water watersheds should thus focus on quantifying pathogen loads from domestic animals and livestock rather than wildlife. PMID:16204506

Cox, Peter; Griffith, Merran; Angles, Mark; Deere, Daniel; Ferguson, Christobel

2005-01-01

144

Towards management of mosquitoes at Homebush Bay, Sydney, Australia. I. Seasonal activity and relative abundance of adults of Aedes vigilax, Culex sitiens, and other salt-marsh species, 1993-94 through 1997-98.  

PubMed

The mosquitoes associated with 2 saline wetlands at Homebush Bay, Sydney, Australia, were investigated over 5 consecutive seasons. Twenty-one species were collected in adult traps at the 2 sites but the saline wetlands supported larvae of only 4 species: Aedes alternans, Aedes camptorhynchus, Aedes vigilax, and Culex sitiens. Of these, Ae. vigilax and Cx. sitiens were the most common, and their peak abundances generally occurred during February and April, respectively. Both wetlands were influenced by tides and rainfall-runoff, and a lack of regular tidal exchange in the mangroves and inadequate drainage of the saltmarsh provided potential habitat. Populations of Ae. vigilax and Cx. sitiens at the Newington site were greater than those at the Bicentennial Park site, because of more extensive habitat at the former, but were diminished by irregular ground-based applications of temephos during the middle 3 years of the study. Populations at the Bicentennial Park site, not subjected to the larvicide, were typically smaller but more consistently related to influences of tide and rainfall through the 5 seasons. During the final season, populations of both species in both wetlands were enhanced by exceptional tide penetration and rainfall. Helicopter applications of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis larvicide were employed at both sites and effectively suppressed populations of both pest species. For future management, provision of full tidal exchange and water recirculation to reduce the area of water impounded within the mangroves and retained in depressions on the marshes should significantly suppress the pest populations and relieve reliance on control agents. PMID:10412120

Webb, C E; Russell, R C

1999-06-01

145

Animal Behaviour Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney; The Cooperative Research Centre for the  

E-print Network

Animal Behaviour Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney; The Cooperative Research Centre for the Conservation and Management of Marsupials, Macquarie University, Sydney Yellow-Footed Rock-Wallaby Group Size Eects Re¯ect A Trade-O Daniel T. Blumstein, Janice C. Daniel

Grether, Gregory

146

Viral RNA can reprogram the ribosomes, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Code>Copying the code>players On the beach Â? Part II In this second of a two-part clip, Sydney Brenner describes the experiment they did to prove the existence and function of RNA.

2008-10-06

147

RNA transcription/translation, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Code>Copying the code>players On the beach Â? Part I In this first of a two-part clip, Sydney Brenner describes the information transfer problem from DNA to the protein-making machinery.

2008-10-06

148

LES OF THE SYDNEY SWIRL FLAME SERIES: AN INITIAL INVESTIGATION OF THE FLUID DYNAMICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The non-premixed turbulent Sydney Swirl Burner is a target of the workshop series on turbulent non-premixed flames (TNF). Thorough experimental investigations in Sydney and Sandia provided experimental data for 10 different configurations. This flame series allows for the examination of various fuel compositions, flow rates and swirl numbers and its computation by Large Eddy Simulation (LES) promises detailed insight into

OLIVER STEIN; ANDREAS M. KEMPF; JOHANNES JANICKA

2007-01-01

149

In the Shadows of the Mission: Education Policy, Urban Space, and the "Colonial Present" in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is concerned with enduring histories and micro-geographies of the (post)colonial Australian nation, played out through contemporary connections between Aboriginality, inner Sydney and educational policy change. This paper traces the "racialization" of space and place in the Sydney inner city suburb of Redfern, including the…

Gulson, Kalervo N.; Parkes, Robert J.

2009-01-01

150

Angular pointing and guidance for the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) uses siderostats (plane, alt-azimuth mounted mirrors) to reflect starlight into the instrument. The analysis of the pointing and guidance of the siderostats by traditional methods is not practical and vector algebra has been used to develop the required algorithms. Real siderostats will not be ideal and can be modelled by a set of parameters. The methods for determining the model parameters and for incorporating them into the guidance and pointing algorithms is described. Field rotation also affects the operation of SUSI, and the field rotation angle and related quantities are also determined.

Tango, W. J.; Thorvaldson, E. D.

1996-11-01

151

J. Dix Combining Agents, ASP and Planning, Jul-Aug 2003, Sydney, NICTA Combining Agents, ASP and Planning  

E-print Network

J. Dix Combining Agents, ASP and Planning, Jul-Aug 2003, Sydney, NICTA Combining Agents, ASP.cs.man.ac.uk/~jdix/LECTURING/NICTA03.html. Overview 1 #12;J. Dix Combining Agents, ASP and Planning, Jul-Aug 2003, Sydney, NICTA First Combining Agents, ASP and Planning, Jul-Aug 2003, Sydney, NICTA Third week (Chapter 4) The second part

Zachmann, Gabriel

152

Incidence of cancer in Sydney and Cape Breton County, Nova Scotia 1979-1997.  

PubMed

The primary purpose of this study was to assess whether Sydney, Industrial Cape Breton County excluding Sydney (ICBxS) and Cape Breton County (CBCo) residents were at increased risk for cancer compared to Nova Scotia (NS) residents over five-year periods during 1979 through 1997. Gender-stratified, age-standardized cancer incidence rates were calculated following the direct method. All-cause rates were higher for female and male residents of Sydney, ICBxS and CBCo compared to NS based upon both municipality and postal code methods of residence classification. A sensitivity analysis of residential coding yielded a high degree of consistency for all geographies except Sydney, limiting comparisons of Sydney rates with other local geographies except where consistencies were observed. The results of this ecological study support the need for further analysis of factors contributing to the increased risk for cancer in CBCo. PMID:10986788

Guernsey, J R; Dewar, R; Weerasinghe, S; Kirkland, S; Veugelers, P J

2000-01-01

153

What Do We Expect of Education? Selected Papers from the Annual Conference of the Australian College of Education (24th, Sydney, Australia, May 15-20, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains papers presented at a conference on educational promise, performance, and expectations. Papers included in this volume are: (1) "Education in Australia: We Get What We Deserve" (S. Ball); (2) "The Size and Scale: What is Expected" (J. G. Owen); (3) "The Search for Educational Quality and Equality: A U. S. View" (A. Harry…

Philps, R., Ed.; Shannon, A. G., Ed.

154

Improving Reading Ability Around the World: Proceedings of the Third International Reading Association World Congress on Reading, Sydney, Australia, August 7-9, 1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of 28 papers deals with reading in various parts of the world. The following countries are represented: Australia, Canada, England, France, Germany, India, Iran, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden, and the United States. The papers are organized under four main headings: (1) Developmental Reading: This section discusses reading…

Bracken, Dorothy Kendall, Ed.; Malmquist, Eve, Ed.

155

Improving Reading Ability Around the World: Proceedings of the International Reading Association World Congress on Reading. (3rd, Sydney, Australia, August 7-9, 1970).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of 28 papers deals with reading in various parts of the world. The following countries are represented: Australia, Canada, England, France, Germany, India, Iran, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden, and the United States. The papers are organized under four main headings: (1) Developmental Reading: This section discusses reading…

Bracken, Dorothy Kendall, Ed.; Malmquist, Eve, Ed.

156

Research in Geographical Education--Volume 2. Papers Presented to the National Meeting of the Australian Geographical Research Association (2nd, Sydney, Australia, December 4-6, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains 14 papers, most of which were written by instructors of higher education in Australia and Great Britain. Following an introduction, the first five papers are "The Development of Children's Map Ability" (Simon Catling), "Published Guidance to Pupils on Atlas Mapwork Skills" (Herbert Sandford), "Tactual Mapping and the Bold…

Fien, John, Ed.; And Others

157

Former Prime Minister's son, Steve Hawke, launches novel, Barefoot Kids, at Notre Dame in Fremantle and Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

International best selling author Tim Winton and former Midnight Oil guitarist Rob Hurst officially launched Barefoot Kids, a children’s novel by Steve Hawke, son of former Australian Prime Minister, Bob Hawke, on the Fremantle and Sydney campuses of The University of Notre Dame Australia.\\u000aThough Mr Hawke has written history, biographies, plays and scripts, his first novel is aimed at

Moira Saunders

2007-01-01

158

A Randomized, Controlled Trial of tai chi for the Prevention of Falls: The Central Sydney tai chi Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a 16-week community-based tai chi program in reducing falls and im- proving balance in people aged 60 and older. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial with waiting list control group. SETTING: Community in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Seven hundred two relatively healthy community-dwelling people aged 60 and older (mean age 69). INTERVENTION: Sixteen-week program of community- based

Alexander Voukelatos; Robert G. Cumming; Stephen R. Lord; Chris Rissel

2007-01-01

159

Helicobacter pylori gastritis updated Sydney classification applied in our material.  

PubMed

(Full text is available at http://www.manu.edu.mk/prilozi). BACKGROUND. Hp inhabits the stomach of more than 50% of humans and is the most frequent cause of chronic gastritis worldwide. The purpose of this research has been to present the importance of combining topographical, morphological and etiological information of diagnostic evaluation on grading gastritis in our material according to the Updated Sydney Classification, as well as to represent the frequency and the evaluation of Hp gastritis after eradication in order to prevent the development of gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS. 154 cases of gastric mucosa (endoscopic biopsies) which were fixed in buffered neutral formalin and embedded in paraffin were invwstigated. Tissue sections (5microm thick) were cut and stained with H&E, May Grunwald Giemsa and Silver stain. The biopsy cases were analysed in an attempt to assess the major histopathological features of gastritis. The histopathological major variables were graded on a scale of 3 (mild, moderate and severe). RESULTS. There were 36 (23.37%) cases positive for Hp (22.2%, 72.2%, 5.5%). Atrophy was positive in 23 (14.93%) cases with the scale (47.8%; 47.8%; 4.34%). Dysplasia was positive in 13 (8.44%) cases with the scale (84.6%; 7.6%; 7.6%). Intestinal metaplasia was positive in 25 (16.2%) with the scale (76%; 20%, 4%). There were 6 (3.8%) cases of MZL, which were treated appropriately. CONCLUSIONS. Our data indicate the importannce of early eradication of Helicobacter pylori in order to prevent the eventual development of gastric cancer. These findings should influence the treatment of gastric cancers. Key words: Updated Sydney System of Classification, Hp gastritis, morphology. PMID:19736530

Manxhuka-Kerliu, S; Telaku, S; Devolli-Disha, E; Ahmetaj, H; Sahatciu-Meka, V; Kerliu, A; Loxha, S; Shahini, L; Gashi, G; Podrimaj, A

2009-07-01

160

University of Technology, Sydney response to Measuring the Socio-economic Status of Higher Education Students  

E-print Network

1 University of Technology, Sydney response to Measuring the Socio-economic Status of Higher there is a lack of aspiration for their children. In these situations educational status and occupation (except

University of Technology, Sydney

161

Assessing the Predictive Capabilities of Combustion LES as Applied to the Sydney Flame Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large Eddy Simulation (LES) and flamelet-based combustion models were applied to four bluff-body stabilized nonpremixed and\\u000a partially premixed flames selected from the Sydney flame series, based on Masri’s bluff-body test rig (University of Sydney).\\u000a Three related non-reacting flow cases were also investigated to assess the performance of the LES solver. Both un-swirled\\u000a and swirled cases were studied exhibiting different flow

Clemens Olbricht; Anja Ketelheun; Frederik Hahn; Johannes Janicka

2010-01-01

162

Dreamtime astronomy: development of a new indigenous program at Sydney Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Australian National Curriculum promotes Indigenous culture in school education programs. To foster a broader appreciation of cultural astronomy, to utilise the unique astronomical heritage of the site, and to develop an educational program within the framework of the National Curriculum, Sydney Observatory launched Dreamtime Astronomy - a program incorporating Australian Indigenous culture, astronomy, and Sydney's astronomical history and heritage. This paper reviews the development and implementation of this program and discusses modifications following an evaluation that was conducted by schools.

Wyatt, Geoffrey; Stephenson, Toner; Hamacher, Duane W.

2014-07-01

163

Medical issues relating to the Sydney Olympic Games.  

PubMed

The Sydney Olympic Games in 2000 represent a significant medical and sporting challenge. Prior planning is the key to optimal performance, and team medical staff should be familiar with major medical and injury concerns of athletes and officials well prior to departure. A comprehensive team medical kit should be organised. Travel will be over great distances for many teams, so particular attention to optimising sleep and hydration is essential. The Olympic village experience can be overwhelming for some athletes, and medical staff should provide informed advice on food, transport and safety issues. Heat is less likely to be an issue than at recent summer Olympic Games, but should not be ignored completely. Major incidents can occur at any major sporting festival, and team medical staff should be appropriately prepared for these. All team medical staff should be aware of the current list of banned substances, and seek to minimise drug use by their athletes. After the event, an appropriate debriefing session should be held with a view to planning improvements for the future. PMID:10565554

Milne, C; Shaw, M; Steinweg, J

1999-10-01

164

This year's winners from the University of Sydney's INCUBATE start-up program's winter cycle. Sydney University start-up program INCUBATE has chosen the next eight fledgling companies to take part in its  

E-print Network

This year's winners from the University of Sydney's INCUBATE start-up program's winter cycle. Sydney University start-up program INCUBATE has chosen the next eight fledgling companies to take part year's INCUBATE start-ups topped the best coming out of Silicon Valley. "The quality of the start

Wasinger, Rainer

165

ELITE ATHLETE & PERFORMERS SCHEME 2014 The University of Sydney Elite Athletes & Performers Scheme is for prospective undergraduate students who can  

E-print Network

ELITE ATHLETE & PERFORMERS SCHEME 2014 The University of Sydney Elite Athletes & Performers Scheme and Sydney Uni Sport & Fitness (SUSF) to assess your eligibility for the Elite Athletes and Performers Scheme) _______________ Gender Male Female Date of birth __ __/__ __/19__ __ 2. I BELIEVE I AM AN ELITE tick the category you

Viglas, Anastasios

166

Environmental recovery in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia: evidence of natural and anthropogenic sediment capping.  

PubMed

Contaminants were assessed in Sydney Harbour during baseline and three years of remediation of a former coking and steel facility. Concentrations of PAHs; PCBs; and lead measured in surface sediments indicate overall spatial distribution patterns of historical contaminants remains unchanged, although at much lower concentrations than previously reported due to natural sediment recovery. Recovery rates were in broad agreement with predicted concentrations; or in some cases lower, despite remediation at the Sydney Tar Ponds (STP) site. Contaminants showed little temporal variability, except for detection of significant increases in PAH concentrations during onset of remediation compared to baseline which represented a short term interruption in the overall long term natural recovery of sediments in Sydney Harbour. Recovery (via "capping") was enhanced following recent harbour dredging activities where less contaminated outer harbour sediments were discharged into a confined disposal facility (CDF) required for a new container in the inner harbour. PMID:23820194

Walker, Tony R; MacAskill, Devin; Weaver, Peter

2013-09-15

167

Machine gaming in Sydney clubs: characteristics of the supporting resident populations.  

PubMed

This research provided background for surveys and interviews in later stages of a 3 part project. It aimed to identify, from secondary research, sociodemographic characteristics which tend to support registered clubs and their machine gaming activities in the Sydney Statistical Division. Using multiple methods including Pearson's Product Moment correlation, Principal Components factor analysis, and stepwise regression, the study profiled Sydney populations which spend highly on gaming machines. The most important sociodemographic predictors of Sydney statistical local areas where per capita gaming machine expenditure is high are large proportions of the adult resident population who were born in Malta, Greece, Lebanon, China, Italy, Vietnam, Yugoslavia, India or the Philippines; have no vocational or tertiary qualifications; or are unemployed. PMID:12375385

Breen, Helen; Hing, Nerilee; Weeks, Paul

2002-01-01

168

Sewage and the community—One view of Sydney's deepwater outfalls, the environmental monitoring programme and the future of sewage disposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sydney's sewage disposal problems have been the catalyst for wider questioning by the community about the management of the water cycle in the Sydney Basin. Public concern over the deepwater ocean outfalls generated an involvement in the Environmental Monitoring Programme (EMP) which provided a number of insights into the marine environment offshore Sydney, interactions between agencies and the role of

Duncan Leadbitter

1996-01-01

169

THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD Media Kit, 2014 PRINT | ONLINE | MOBILE | TABLET | EVENTS  

E-print Network

THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD Media Kit, 2014 14 PRINT | ONLINE | MOBILE | TABLET | EVENTS DISPLAY solutions across online, mobile and tablet to cater to your requirements Direct Marketing Our Direct the opportunity to connect with the Fairfax audience across print, online and tablet. Compact 374x260 All

Peters, Richard

170

Inside the Promotional VortexCanadian Media Construction of Sydney Olympic Triathlete Simon Whitfield  

Microsoft Academic Search

When Canadian Simon Whitfield won the gold medal in the first ever Olympic Men’s Triathlon at the 2000 Sydney Games, the Canadian media labeled him an ‘Olympic champion’ and ‘golden boy’ and constructed his victory as ‘heroic’ and emblematic of Canadian character. Positive media attention led to several sponsorship contracts which in turn led to more media coverage about his

Simon C. Darnell; Robert Sparks

2005-01-01

171

Watching the Games: public health surveillance for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To describe the development of the public health surveillance system for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games; document its major findings; and discuss the implications for public health surveillance for future events.Design: Planning for the system took almost three years. Its major components included increased surveillance of communicable diseases; presentations to sentinel emergency departments; medical encounters at Olympic venues;

L R Jorm; S V Thackway; T R Churches; M W Hills

2003-01-01

172

Comparison of the men's and the women's pole vault at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to identify differences between elite male and female pole vaulters in terms of their mechanical energy and angular momentum. The vaulter's total mechanical energy and angular momentum were calculated from the three-dimensional kinematic data of the pole vault finals at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. The development of total, kinetic and potential energy showed

Falk Schade; Adamantios Arampatzis; Gert-Peter Brüggemann; Paavo V Komi

2004-01-01

173

2011 Sydney Region Computing Education Conventicle Thursday 24 November, 10am-4pm  

E-print Network

(1-2.30) Why and how to teach computing to everybody The people who invented the field of "Computer2011 Sydney Region Computing Education Conventicle Thursday 24 November, 10am-4pm School to cite reasons associated with the university environment, the teaching of their ICT course

Guzdial, Mark

174

Sydney OWL Syntax -towards a Controlled Natural Language Syntax for OWL 1.1  

E-print Network

Sydney OWL Syntax - towards a Controlled Natural Language Syntax for OWL 1.1 Anne Cregan1,2 , Rolf new syntax that can be used to write and read OWL ontologies in Controlled Natural Lan- guage (CNL): a well-defined subset of the English language. Following the lead of Manchester OWL Syntax in making OWL

Schwitter, Rolf

175

University of Technology, Sydney 1 The Higher Education Base Funding Review  

E-print Network

University of Technology, Sydney 1 The Higher Education Base Funding Review UTS Submission indexation model will propel the sector's pursuit of the Government's higher education goals. UTS recognises medium to longer term aspirations for higher education funding even if they will need to be implemented

University of Technology, Sydney

176

Sydney Brenner, still imageSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sydney Brenner, Cold Spring Harbor, 1980 meeting. A South African native acknowledged to be one of the brightest thinkers in the field. With his rapier wit, British schoolboy charm and mile-a-minute ideas, Brenner is often the center of attention at scientific gatherings.

2008-10-06

177

CBD and South East Light Rail Light rail expansion to transform Sydney  

E-print Network

CBD and South East Light Rail Light rail expansion to transform Sydney Construction will soon be underway on the $1.6 billion CBD and South East Light Rail that will transform the future of transport been granted for the NSW Government to build light rail from Circular Quay, through the CBD

Blennerhassett, Peter

178

Compost Tips for the Home Gardener1 Sydney Park Brown2  

E-print Network

ENH1065 Compost Tips for the Home Gardener1 Sydney Park Brown2 1. This document is ENH1065, one. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension. What Is Compost? Compost is a dark, crumbly material created. Compost is not completely decomposed (like humus); it will contain small pieces of debris that can

Jawitz, James W.

179

This article was downloaded by:[University of Sydney] On: 8 April 2008  

E-print Network

This article was downloaded by:[University of Sydney] On: 8 April 2008 Access Details Philosophical Magazine First published in 1798 Publication details, including instructions for authors this Article: Hawelek, L., Koloczek, J., Bródka, A., Dore, J. C., Honkimäki, V. and Burian, A. (2007

Powles, Rebecca

180

This article was downloaded by:[University of Sydney] On: 8 April 2008  

E-print Network

-graphitizing carbons', Philosophical Magazine A, 76:3, 667 - 677 To link to this article: DOI: 10This article was downloaded by:[University of Sydney] On: 8 April 2008 Access Details Philosophical Magazine A Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information

Powles, Rebecca

181

Emergence of New Pandemic GII.4 Sydney Norovirus Strain Correlates With Escape From Herd Immunity  

PubMed Central

Background.?GII.4 noroviruses are a significant source of acute gastroenteritis worldwide, causing the majority of human norovirus outbreaks. Evolution of the GII.4 major capsid protein occurs rapidly, resulting in the emergence of new strains that produce successive waves of pandemic disease. A new pandemic isolate, GII.4 2012 Sydney, largely replaced previously circulating strains in late 2012. We compare the antigenic properties of GII.4 2012 Sydney with previously circulating strains. Methods.?To determine whether GII.4-2012 Sydney is antigenically different from recently circulating strains GII.4-2006 Minerva and GII.4-2009 New Orleans in previously identified blockade epitopes, we compared reactivity and blockade profiles of GII.4-2006, GII.4-2009, and GII.4-2012 virus-like particles in surrogate neutralization/blockade assays using monoclonal antibodies and human polyclonal sera. Results.?Using monoclonal antibodies that map to known blockade epitopes in GII.4-2006 and GII.4-2009 and human outbreak polyclonal sera, we demonstrate either complete loss or significantly reduced reactivity and blockade of GII.4.2012 compared to GII.4-2006 and GII.4-2009. Conclusions.?GII.4-2012 Sydney is antigenically different from GII.4-2006 Minerva and GII.4-2009 New Orleans in at least 2 key blockade epitopes. Viral evolution in key potential neutralization epitopes likely allowed GII.4-2012 to escape from human herd immunity and emerge as the new predominant strain. PMID:23908476

Debbink, Kari; Lindesmith, Lisa C.; Donaldson, Eric F.; Costantini, Veronica; Beltramello, Martina; Corti, Davide; Swanstrom, Jesica; Lanzavecchia, Antonio; Vinjé, Jan; Baric, Ralph S.

2013-01-01

182

Musculoskeletal injuries in the ultramarathon: the 1990 Westfield Sydney to Melbourne run  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To document the injuries sustained by participants in a 1005 km ultramarathon. METHODS: Clinical notes were reviewed on entrants in the 1005 km Sydney to Melbourne ultramarathon. An injury was recorded following self referral by a participant or if the history obtained from the runner or his support crew indicated the likelihood of a significant injury which could have

K E Fallon

1996-01-01

183

*. P. Rush et S. Yeo, Criminal Law Sourcebook, Sydney, Butterworths, 2000. **. Criminal Law Researcher and Expert.  

E-print Network

*. P. Rush et S. Yeo, Criminal Law Sourcebook, Sydney, Butterworths, 2000. **. Criminal Law Researcher and Expert. NOTE BIBLIOGRAPHIQUE «CRIMINAL LAW SOURCEBOOK»* par Ali ADNAN AL-FEEL** Criminal Law, culpability,justifying circumstances and excuses. Criminal Law Sourcebook presents cases and materials

Spino, Claude

184

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 14 3. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION  

E-print Network

of the University of Sydney are an extensive complex of buildings, sport grounds, trees, gardens, lawns, roads.1 GROUNDS AND ASSOCIATED BUILDINGS: CAMPERDOWN AND DARLINGTON CAMPUSES Overview The main campuses hectares and include about 111 buildings, not including the terrace housing in Darlington. The Camperdown

Viglas, Anastasios

185

Parental Choice of Infant Feeding Behaviours in South West Sydney: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to test a research instrument that could possibly be used for longitudinal research on infant feeding and to report on the preliminary results from the data collected. Design: Mixed methods approach--cross-sectional survey and qualitative research. Setting: Mother-infant dyads in South West Sydney

Arora, A.; Gay, M.; Thirukumar, D.

2012-01-01

186

The University of Sydney MATH2068/2988 Number Theory and Cryptography  

E-print Network

The University of Sydney MATH2068/2988 Number Theory and Cryptography (http of an integer by Pollard's Rho method. PRho:=function(n,f,s); k:=0; a:=s; b:=s; repeat k:=k+1; a it with Control-C.) 3. Compare our Pollard rho function with MAGMA's in-built trial division factorization

Howlett, Robert Brian

187

Hotels as Civic Landmarks, Hotels as Assets: the case of Sydney's Hilton  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we examine the role that hotels play in the urban economies of central business districts (CBDs). To illustrate this, we explore the biography of the Sydney Hilton, an iconic modernist building which opened in 1975 and was recently totally refurbished and rebranded. We argue that hotels can be understood as civic landmarks, where localised business elites and

Donald McNeill; Kim McNamara

2009-01-01

188

Embedding an Indigenous Graduate Attribute into University of Western Sydney's Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports on embedding an Indigenous graduate attribute into courses at the University of Western Sydney (UWS), providing the background to the development and implementation of a holistic and individual Indigenous graduate attribute. It details the approach taken by the Badanami Centre for Indigenous Education in advising the UWS staff on…

Anning, Berice

2010-01-01

189

The 'Sydney Principles' for reducing the commercial promotion of foods and beverages to children.  

PubMed

A set of seven principles (the 'Sydney Principles') was developed by an International Obesity Taskforce (IOTF) Working Group to guide action on changing food and beverage marketing practices that target children. The aim of the present communication is to present the Sydney Principles and report on feedback received from a global consultation (November 2006 to April 2007) on the Principles. The Principles state that actions to reduce marketing to children should: (i) support the rights of children; (ii) afford substantial protection to children; (iii) be statutory in nature; (iv) take a wide definition of commercial promotions; (v) guarantee commercial-free childhood settings; (vi) include cross-border media; and (vii) be evaluated, monitored and enforced. The draft principles were widely disseminated and 220 responses were received from professional and scientific associations, consumer bodies, industry bodies, health professionals and others. There was virtually universal agreement on the need to have a set of principles to guide action in this contentious area of marketing to children. Apart from industry opposition to the third principle calling for a statutory approach and several comments about the implementation challenges, there was strong support for each of the Sydney Principles. Feedback on two specific issues of contention related to the age range to which restrictions should apply (most nominating age 16 or 18 years) and the types of products to be included (31% nominating all products, 24% all food and beverages, and 45% energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods and beverages). The Sydney Principles, which took a children's rights-based approach, should be used to benchmark action to reduce marketing to children. The age definition for a child and the types of products which should have marketing restrictions may better suit a risk-based approach at this stage. The Sydney Principles should guide the formation of an International Code on Food and Beverage Marketing to Children. PMID:18510788

Swinburn, Boyd; Sacks, Gary; Lobstein, Tim; Rigby, Neville; Baur, Louise A; Brownell, Kelly D; Gill, Tim; Seidell, Jaap; Kumanyika, Shiriki

2008-09-01

190

Monitoring effects of remediation on natural sediment recovery in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia.  

PubMed

Chemical contaminants were assessed in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia during pre-remediation (baseline) and 3 years of remediation of a former coking and steel facility after nearly a century of operation and historical pollution into the Sydney Tar Ponds (STP). Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls, metals, and inorganic parameters measured in sediments and total suspended solids in seawater indicate that the overall spatial distribution pattern of historical contaminants remains unchanged, although at much lower concentrations than previously reported due to natural sediment recovery, despite remediation activities. Measured sediment deposition rates in bottom-moored traps during baseline were low (0.4-0.8 cm?year(-1)), but during dredging operations required for construction of new port facilities in the inner Sydney Harbour, sedimentation rates were equivalent to 26-128 cm year(-1). Measurements of sediment chemical contaminants confirmed that natural recovery rates of Sydney Harbour sediments were in broad agreement with predicted concentrations, or in some cases, lower than originally predicted despite remediation activities at the STP site. Overall, most measured contaminants in sediments showed little temporal variability (4 years), except for the detection of significant increases in total PAH concentrations during the onset of remediation monitoring compared to baseline. This slight increase represents only a short-term interruption in the overall natural recovery of sediments in Sydney Harbour, which were enhanced due to the positive impacts of large-scale dredging of less contaminated outer harbor sediments which were discharged into a confined disposal area located in the inner harbor. PMID:23512488

Walker, Tony R; Macaskill, Devin; Rushton, Theresa; Thalheimer, Andrew; Weaver, Peter

2013-10-01

191

Fire effects on reservoir water quality: lessons from the 2013 Sydney wildfires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unseasonally, early and severe forest fires burnt ca 10,000 ha of dry sclerophyl eucalypt forest in Oct. 2013 near Sydney (NSW, Australia). The fire affected parts of the Nepean catchment, which contributes to the greater Sydney water supply system. The spatial extent and severe nature of the burn raised concerns about the risk of water contamination from post-fire erosion. An investigation was launched with the aim to determine (i) the total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil that are particular susceptible to erosion, (ii) their chemical composition regarding constituents relevant to water quality, and (iii) the potential impacts of post-fire erosion events transferring some of this material into the reservoir. Sampling was carried out at a ridge in the Nepean catchment with a relatively homogeneous vegetation species composition, fuel load and soil characteristics, but with a range of burn severities, resulting from wind-driven differences in fire behaviour. This allowed sampling of three replicate sites each, with 30 sampling points each, for extreme, moderate-severe, and low burn severities, including also soil and litter sampling at a long-unburned control site. Burn severity was determined using the differenced normalised burn ratio (dNBR) obtained from satellite images immediately before (1 day) and after (1 week) the fire, validated by on site determination of fuel consumption completeness. Between the fire and the sampling campaign, rainfall was very limited so that there had been no significant redistribution of ash and loose charred topsoil by water erosion. The ash and loose charred topsoil were consistently wettable and the underlying uncharred soil highly water repellent at all sites and sampling points irrespective of burn severity. The total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil increased substantially with burn severity and changed in composition from comprising mainly charred litter and charcoal at low severity sites to charred litter, charcoal, mineral ash and charred mineral soil at extreme severity sites. Field sampling had just been completed at the time of producing this abstract. At the time of presentation, we expect to present (i) the total loads (t/ha) of ash and loose charred topsoil for each burn severity class; (ii) data on detailed chemical characterisation of the sampled materials including background values for litter and long-unburned soil; (iii) a spatially distributed estimation of ash and loose charred topsoil for the study catchment; and (iv) potential implications for water quality impacts based on a series of post-fire rainfall and erosion scenarios. Wider implications for water quality impacts in eucalypt forest catchments in relation to fuel loads and fire behaviour will also be discussed.

Doerr, Stefan; Santin, Cristina; Chafer, Chris

2014-05-01

192

"I'm Not a Dole-Bludger!" Attitudes of Yr 9 Sydney High School Students towards Work, Unemployment and the Dole. A Report of the Mount Druitt Longitudinal Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the view that the decline in the work ethic would be stronger in the Mount Druitt area west of Sydney, Australia, where unemployment is prominent in the community and the "dole-bludger" stereotype is correspondingly rife. (A "dole-bludger" cheats the system and is considered a parasite on the community.) The study described…

Barltrop, Jenny

193

The Educational Experience of Sydney High School Students. Report No. 1: A Comparative Study of Migrant Students of Non-English-Speaking Origin and Students Whose Parents Were Born in an English-Speaking Country.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of the preliminary findings of a large-scale longitudinal (1974-77) survey of the educational needs and social problems of immigrant students in Sydney, Australia, is presented in this report. Four findings are treated as most significant: (1) Differences among immigrants of different non-English-speaking background are so great that…

Martin, Jean I.; Meade, Phil

194

Online Evidence Charts to Help Students Systematically Evaluate Theories and Alex O. Holcombe, alex.holcombe@sydney.edu.au  

E-print Network

Online Evidence Charts to Help Students Systematically Evaluate Theories and Evidence Alex O, Sydney, 2010 ABSTRACT To achieve intellectual autonomy, university students should learn how of a laboratory project. A student should distill relevant evidence from the research literature, evaluate

Holcombe, Alex O.

195

Clinical Determinants of Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment following Ischaemic Stroke: The Sydney Stroke Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Dementia following stroke is common but its determinants are still incompletely understood. Methods: In the Sydney Stroke Study, we performed detailed neuropsychological and medical-psychiatric assessments on 169 patients aged 50–85 years, 3–6 months after a stroke, and 103 controls with a majority of both groups undergoing MRI brain scans. Stroke subjects were diagnosed as having vascular mild cognitive impairment

P. S. Sachdev; H. Brodaty; M. J. Valenzuela; L. Lorentz; J. C. L. Looi; K. Berman; A. Ross; W. Wen; A. S. Zagami

2006-01-01

196

Effects and Clinical Significance of GII.4 Sydney Norovirus, United States, 2012–2013  

PubMed Central

During 2012, global detection of a new norovirus (NoV) strain, GII.4 Sydney, raised concerns about its potential effect in the United States. We analyzed data from NoV outbreaks in 5 states and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in 1 state during the 2012–13 season and compared the data with those of previous seasons. During August 2012–April 2013, a total of 637 NoV outbreaks were reported compared with 536 and 432 in 2011–2012 and 2010–2011 during the same period. The proportion of outbreaks attributed to GII.4 Sydney increased from 8% in September 2012 to 82% in March 2013. The increase in emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness during the 2012–13 season was similar to that of previous seasons. GII.4 Sydney has become the predominant US NoV outbreak strain during the 2012–13 season, but its emergence did not cause outbreak activity to substantially increase from that of previous seasons. PMID:23886013

Wikswo, Mary; Barclay, Leslie; Brandt, Eric; Storm, William; Salehi, Ellen; DeSalvo, Traci; Davis, Tim; Saupe, Amy; Dobbins, Ginette; Booth, Hillary A.; Biggs, Christianne; Garman, Katie; Woron, Amy M.; Parashar, Umesh D.; Vinjé, Jan; Hall, Aron J.

2013-01-01

197

Post-wildfire recovery of water yield in the Sydney Basin water supply catchments: An assessment of the 2001/2002 wildfires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wildfire is a recurring event which has been acknowledged by the literature to impact the hydrological cycle of a catchment. Hence, wildfire may have a significant impact on water yield levels within a catchment. In Australia, studies of the effect of fire on water yield have been limited to obligate seeder vegetation communities. These communities regenerate from seed banks in the ground or within woody fruits and are generally activated by fire. In contrast, the Sydney Basin is dominated by obligate resprouter communities. These communities regenerate from fire resistant buds found on the plant and are generally found in regions where wildfire is a regular occurrence. The 2001/2002 wildfires in the Sydney Basin provided an opportunity to investigate the impacts of wildfire on water yield in a number of catchments dominated by obligate resprouting communities. The overall aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a difference in water yield post-wildfire. Four burnt subcatchments and 3 control subcatchments were assessed. A general additive model was calibrated using pre-wildfire data and then used to predict post-wildfire water yield using post-wildfire data. The model errors were analysed and it was found that the errors for all subcatchments showed similar trends for the post-wildfire period. This finding demonstrates that wildfires within the Sydney Basin have no significant medium-term impact on water yield.

Heath, J. T.; Chafer, C. J.; van Ogtrop, F. F.; Bishop, T. F. A.

2014-11-01

198

Multidisciplinary studies of the dust storm that affected Sydney in September 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major dust storm transgressed over southeastern Australia in September 2009 and continued as far as northern Queensland [to the north], New Zealand and New Caledonia [to the east] . We analysed samples of the dust for organic compounds, its microbiological composition, pollen, trace and rare earth elements as well as Sr and Nd isotopes. Grain size analysis was also performed on some of the samples. We also obtained information on the meteorological conditions that led to the large dust plume and its pathway. Our geochemical fingerprinting allowed us to determine the origin of the dust, and this was confirmed by meteorological observations and satellite imagery. As the pathway of the dust plume went over the city of Canberra, located to the southwest of Sydney, we were able to collect samples of dust that fell with rain, and the surprise was that the geochemical composition of the dust varied with time [and dust fall], identifying that as the dust plume transgressed over the landscape, it picked up additional material that was compositionally different from its point of origin. We also compared our data with those obtained from another major dust event that affected Canberra in October 2002, and a number of important differences are noted, particularly with respect of the microbiological composition of the dust, and its chemical composition. Collaborators on this project are: Chris Munday and Gwen Allison [microbiology]: Research School of Biology, ANU; Jochen Brocks and Janet Hope [organic chemistry] and Marc Norman [inorganic geochemistry]: Research School of Earth Sciences, ANU; Tadhg O'Loingsigh and Nigel Tapper [meteorology, satellite imagery] and Sander van der Kaars [palynology]: Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University; and J.-B. Stuut [grain size analysis], NIOZ.

De Deckker, P.

2012-04-01

199

ISSN1834-3937 Sydney FeStival  

E-print Network

are at the heart of Australia's failure to properly manage its resource wealth, writes Paul Cleary 25 vISUAL ARt Houston joins NSW Government's education taskforce 8 ScIeNce SchooL Profiling the International Science

Viglas, Anastasios

200

Multi-criteria analysis towards the new end use of recycled water for household laundry: a case study in Sydney.  

PubMed

This paper aims to put forward several management alternatives regarding the application of recycled water for household laundry in Sydney. Based on different recycled water treatment techniques such as microfiltration (MF), granular activated carbon (GAC) or reverse osmosis (RO), and types of washing machines (WMs), five alternatives were proposed as follows: (1) do nothing scenario; (2) MF+existing WMs; (3) MF+new WMs; (4) MF-GAC+existing WMs; and (5) MF-RO+existing WMs. Accordingly, a comprehensive quantitative assessment on the trade-off among a variety of issues (e.g., engineering feasibility, initial cost, energy consumption, supply flexibility and water savings) was performed over the alternatives. This was achieved by a computer-based multi-criteria analysis (MCA) using the rank order weight generation together with preference ranking organization method for enrichment evaluation (PROMETHEE) outranking techniques. Particularly, the generated 10,000 combinations of weights via Monte Carlo simulation were able to significantly reduce the man-made errors of single fixed set of weights because of its objectivity and high efficiency. To illustrate the methodology, a case study on Rouse Hill Development Area (RHDA), Sydney, Australia was carried out afterwards. The study was concluded by highlighting the feasibility of using highly treated recycled water for existing and new washing machines. This could provide a powerful guidance for sustainable water reuse management in the long term. However, more detailed field trials and investigations are still needed to effectively understand, predict and manage the impact of selected recycled water for new end use alternatives. PMID:22964402

Chen, Z; Ngo, H H; Guo, W S; Listowski, A; O'Halloran, K; Thompson, M; Muthukaruppan, M

2012-11-01

201

Patterns of the Non-Indigenous Isopod Cirolana harfordi in Sydney Harbour  

PubMed Central

Biological introductions can alter the ecology of local assemblages and are an important driver of global environmental change. The first step towards understanding the impact of a non-indigenous species is to study its distribution and associations in the invaded area. In Sydney Harbour, the non-indigenous isopod Cirolana harfordi has been reported in densities up to 0.5 individuals per cm2 in mussel-beds. Abundances of this species have, however, been largely overlooked in other key habitats. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the abundances and distribution of C. harfordi across different habitats representative of Sydney Harbour. Results showed that C. harfordi occurred in oyster and mussel-beds, being particularly abundant in oyster-beds. We also aimed to determine the role of C. harfordi as a predator, scavenger and detritus feeder by investigating the relationships between densities of C. harfordi and (i) the structure of the resident assemblages, and (ii) deposited organic matter in oyster-beds. Densities of C. harfordi were not related to the structure of the assemblages, nor amounts of deposited organic matter. These findings suggested little or no ecological impacts of C. harfordi in oyster-beds. These relationships may, however, affect other variables such as growth of individuals, or be disguised by high variability of assemblages among different locations. Future studies should, therefore, test the impacts of C. harfordi on the size of organisms in the assemblage and use manipulative experiments to control for spatial variation. This study is the first published work on the ecology of the invasion of C. harfordi and provides the starting-point for the study of the impacts of this species in Sydney Harbour. PMID:24466227

Bugnot, Ana B.; Coleman, Ross A.; Figueira, Will F.; Marzinelli, Ezequiel M.

2014-01-01

202

Patterns of the non-indigenous isopod Cirolana harfordi in Sydney Harbour.  

PubMed

Biological introductions can alter the ecology of local assemblages and are an important driver of global environmental change. The first step towards understanding the impact of a non-indigenous species is to study its distribution and associations in the invaded area. In Sydney Harbour, the non-indigenous isopod Cirolana harfordi has been reported in densities up to 0.5 individuals per cm(2) in mussel-beds. Abundances of this species have, however, been largely overlooked in other key habitats. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the abundances and distribution of C. harfordi across different habitats representative of Sydney Harbour. Results showed that C. harfordi occurred in oyster and mussel-beds, being particularly abundant in oyster-beds. We also aimed to determine the role of C. harfordi as a predator, scavenger and detritus feeder by investigating the relationships between densities of C. harfordi and (i) the structure of the resident assemblages, and (ii) deposited organic matter in oyster-beds. Densities of C. harfordi were not related to the structure of the assemblages, nor amounts of deposited organic matter. These findings suggested little or no ecological impacts of C. harfordi in oyster-beds. These relationships may, however, affect other variables such as growth of individuals, or be disguised by high variability of assemblages among different locations. Future studies should, therefore, test the impacts of C. harfordi on the size of organisms in the assemblage and use manipulative experiments to control for spatial variation. This study is the first published work on the ecology of the invasion of C. harfordi and provides the starting-point for the study of the impacts of this species in Sydney Harbour. PMID:24466227

Bugnot, Ana B; Coleman, Ross A; Figueira, Will F; Marzinelli, Ezequiel M

2014-01-01

203

15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia  

E-print Network

analyse the transport of suspended sediment by a single swash event on a sloping breakwater- ping promotes the landwards transport of sediment, primarily because the backwash of the swash drives a rapid shallow flow under which the shoreline moves back and forwards across the `swash zone

Hogg, Andrew

204

If you have any comments or questions concerning this Bulletin, please email the Scholarships Office: scholarships.officer@sydney.edu.au  

E-print Network

If you have any comments or questions concerning this Bulletin, please email the Scholarships Office: scholarships.officer@sydney.edu.au Previously advertised scholarships can be found on our website: http://www.sydney.edu.au/scholarships/research/ To unsubscribe from this bulletin, please visit http

Viglas, Anastasios

205

The Narrabeen Group in the east-central Sydney Basin: physical properties and interpretation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mesoscale petrophysics and lithological logging study has been carried out on 413 core samples of the 623m thick Narrabeen Group succession penetrated by the Eveleigh No. 1 diamond drillhole. Mass properties, magnetic susceptibilities, and electrical estimates of mobile salt (EC 1:5 tests) were measured. A physical properties analysis posits a 3-fold subdivision of the succession: basal fluvio-deltaic and alluvial, upper lacustrine, and topmost fluvio-deltaic. Each division has cyclic sedimentation but from different provenances. The analysis has proved useful in the correlation of the Narrabeen Group present in a series of drillholes in the eastern part of the exposed Sydney Basin.

Emerson, Donald W.; Branagan, David F.

2011-09-01

206

Proc. International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), vol. I, pp 460 463, Sydney (Australia), May 2001 A Design Strategy for a 1-V Rail-to-Rail Input / Output CMOS Opamp  

E-print Network

(Australia), May 2001 A Design Strategy for a 1-V Rail-to-Rail Input / Output CMOS Opamp Christian Jesus B, roberts}@macs.ece.mcgill.ca | sawan@vlsi.polymtl.ca ABSTRACT A design strategy for a rail-to-rail input consequence of the lowered power supply is the need for rail-to-rail input stages in order to compensate

Fayomi, Christian

207

Proceedings of ICAD 04-Tenth Meeting of the International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 How to Tackle Auditory Interface Aesthetics? Discussion and Case Study  

E-print Network

, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 How to Tackle Auditory Interface Aesthetics? Discussion and Case Study Grégory.leplatre,i.mcgregor}@napier.ac.uk ABSTRACT This paper discusses the importance of auditory interface aesthetics and presents an empirical investigation of sound aesthetics in context. The theoretical discussion examines the relationship between sound

Leplâtre, Grégory

208

Social and Cultural Factors Affecting Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use during Menopause in Sydney and Bologna  

PubMed Central

Background. Previous surveys found CAM use during menopause to be popular. This paper compares the results from two surveys (Sydney and Bologna) to examine factors that determine the extent and pattern of CAM use to alleviate menopausal symptoms. Methods. Women, aged 45–65 years, who were symptomatic when transitioning through menopause or asymptomatic but taking menopause-specific treatments, were recruited in Sydney (n=1,296) and Bologna (n=1,106) to complete the same voluntary, anonymous, and self-administered questionnaire. The results were reanalysed using stratified analyses to determine similarities and differences. Results. Demographics of the two cohorts differed significantly. CAM was more popular in Sydney. The most significant determinants of CAM use were the use of CAM for other conditions besides menopause and the severity of vasomotor symptoms. Occupational status was a determinant of CAM use amongst Bologna respondents only. In order to relieve symptoms, Australian and Italian women used different CAM modalities whose effectiveness was generally perceived as good. Conclusion. CAM use is popular amongst menopausal women from Sydney and Bologna. Differences in the patterns of CAM use seem to depend on CAM availability and on the educational level and professional status of users. The complex interaction between market, social, and cultural factors of CAM use seems to be more influential on women's choice of CAM than the available evidence of their effectiveness. PMID:24459531

van der Sluijs, Corinne; Lombardo, Flavia L.; Lesi, Grazia; Bensoussan, Alan; Cardini, Francesco

2013-01-01

209

USYD Travelling Scholarships 2013 i Applications close 15 April 2013 The University of Sydney Travelling Scholarships Information for 2013  

E-print Network

USYD Travelling Scholarships 2013 i Applications close 15 April 2013 The University of Sydney Travelling Scholarships ­ Information for 2013 (Including the Eleanor Sophia Wood Postdoctoral Fellowship) Closing: Monday, 15 April 2013 Travelling Scholarships are intended to fund graduates of the University

Viglas, Anastasios

210

Shakespeare in Settler-built Spaces: Oscar Asche's ‘Recitals’ of Julius Caesar in the Melbourne and Sydney Town Halls  

Microsoft Academic Search

During their first Australasian tour in 1909–1910, Oscar Asche and Lily Brayton produced costumed ‘recitals’ of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar in the town halls of Sydney and Melbourne. While the landscape has been privileged as the major site of the Australian settler imaginary and its labours of familiarisation, settler investments in their built urban spaces have been less studied. The social

Veronica Kelly

2009-01-01

211

Building Personal Relationships as a Catalyst for Community Participation: The Case of Ethnic Market Gardeners in Sydney Basin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian study was conducted to develop a strategy for safe use of farm chemicals by Asian migrant market gardeners in Western Sydney. The researchers chose to use participatory approaches for which policy makers and development practitioners had in other studies shown enthusiasm, although this enthusiasm could not at times be sustained…

Suriyabanadara, Karunasena; Parker, Frances

212

The Impact of a Pathway College on Reputation and Brand Awareness for Its Affiliated University in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect that a prospective pathway college affiliated to a large comprehensive university in Sydney may have on the university's reputation. In particular, the association of reputation with preference for a pathway college, brand awareness and the opinion of college brand are examined.…

Brewer, Ann; Zhao, Jingsong

2010-01-01

213

Commencement of Electronic Trading: Impact on Liquidity, Price Discovery and Market Efficiency - Australian Evidence from Sydney Futures Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using mixture of distributions hypothesis, we evaluate the liquidity of the Sydney Futures Exchange with an analysis of 'at the money' share price index (SPI) call options and SPI futures contracts after the introduction of electronic trading on 15 November 1999. The results show that during the proximate period up to beginning August 2000 'at the money' SPI options were

J. Wickramanayake; Mark Burgess

214

Evaluation of gastric mucosal biopsy site and number for identification of Helicobacter pylori or intestinal metaplasia: role of the Sydney System.  

PubMed

Pathologists are frequently asked to evaluate gastric mucosal biopsy specimens for the presence of Helicobacter pylori infection and for potentially important changes such as intestinal metaplasia. No agreed-on system is both available and prospectively shown to provide reliable estimates of the underlying pathological condition. The Sydney System combined topographical, morphological, and causative information for evaluation of gastric biopsy specimens and provided recommendations regarding biopsy site and number. Both the biopsy sites and number were changed in 1994. Gastric biopsy specimens from patients who had multiple biopsies performed on predetermined sites were examined to compare the original and the revised Sydney Systems for the detection of intestinal metaplasia and H pylori. The diagnosis based on both versions of the Sydney System was then compared with that obtained by evaluating all specimens. Forty-six patients were studied, 20 with H pylori infection and 36 with intestinal metaplasia. Using either version of the Sydney System correctly categorized H pylori infection status in 100%. Both the original and the revised Sydney recommendations seriously underestimated the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia. Intestinal metaplasia was missed in more than 50% of those with confirmed intestinal metaplasia. No set or site of biopsy specimens was found that could reliably exclude the presence of intestinal metaplasia. Current and future studies that use the Sydney System as basis for detecting intestinal metaplasia are not likely to be reliable. Likewise, using the Sydney System to test posttherapy or with time will not accurately reflect the true status of intestinal metaplasia. PMID:9923930

El-Zimaity, H M; Graham, D Y

1999-01-01

215

Infectious microbial diseases and host defense responses in Sydney rock oysters.  

PubMed

Aquaculture has long been seen as a sustainable solution to some of the world's growing food shortages. However, experience over the past 50 years indicates that infectious diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotes limit the productivity of aquaculture. In extreme cases, these types of infectious agents threaten the viability of entire aquaculture industries. This article describes the threats from infectious diseases in aquaculture and then focuses on one example (QX disease in Sydney rock oysters) as a case study. QX appears to be typical of many emerging diseases in aquaculture, particularly because environmental factors seem to play a crucial role in disease outbreaks. Evidence is presented that modulation of a generic subcellular stress response pathway in oysters is responsible for both resistance and susceptibility to infectious microbes. Understanding and being able to manipulate this pathway may be the key to sustainable aquaculture. PMID:24795701

Raftos, David A; Kuchel, Rhiannon; Aladaileh, Saleem; Butt, Daniel

2014-01-01

216

The 2002 Sydney Gay Games: re-presenting "lesbian" identities through sporting space.  

PubMed

In this article poetic representation in qualitative research is explored in relation to researching "lesbian" lives. Set within the context of The 2002 Sydney Gay Games the article considers how poetry can bring to light experiences at the intersection of sexuality, sport, and place. The article details three aspects to this process. First, by asking what queer theory could do for particular research subjects, a robust, malleable, and transportable theoretical concept of "queer" is proposed that is responsive to the participants' lives and experiences. Second, this concept is applied methodologically in order to unsettle more traditional academic modes of representing interview data through the use of poetic forms of representation. Finally, a poem constructed from the Opening Ceremony of The Gay Games is presented and analyzed. Poetic representation is thus offered as a distinct methodology that permits a particular kind of "queer" analysis when researching "lesbian" lives. PMID:19598051

Lambert, Karen

2009-01-01

217

Building research capacity in south-west Sydney through a Primary and Community Health Research Unit.  

PubMed

The Primary and Community Health Research Unit was established in 2010 in south-west Sydney to build research capacity in primary and community health services and help generate evidence to underpin clinical activities. In 2011, six project teams participated in a 12-month researcher mentoring program, undertaking projects in quality improvement and service evaluation. Project teams were linked with academic mentors and participated in four research skill development workshops covering research design, research ethics, statistical analysis and academic writing. All project teams presented their work at two or more research conferences, and all are preparing manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed journals. The Primary and Community Health Research Unit's approach to research capacity building in primary and community health services appears to be effective in supporting novice researchers to undertake research in their clinical settings. Sustainability is dependent on securing ongoing funding. Further analysis is needed to identify strengths and weaknesses of this approach. PMID:23050636

Friesen, Emma L; Comino, Elizabeth J; Reath, Jennifer; Derrett, Alison; Johnson, Maree; Davies, Gawaine Powell; Teng-Liaw, Siaw; Kemp, Lynn

2014-01-01

218

Estimating the risk from sewage treatment plant effluent in the Sydney catchment area.  

PubMed

This study employed Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) to estimate the gastrointestinal risks associated with Cryptosporidium and Giardia discharged from three STPs located within the Lake Burragorang catchment. The QMRA considered baseline and various hazardous event scenarios (e.g. plant failure and heavy rainfall). Under baseline conditions, the combined effect of constructed barriers, catchment barriers and dilution reduced pathogen numbers from the discharge of all three STPs by 10 to 14 orders of magnitude. This was sufficient for the risk to be well below currently mooted benchmarks of 'tolerable risk', even when relatively conservative assumptions were applied. For all hazardous event scenarios, the level of risk remained low, which illustrated the benefit of multiple barriers. Provisionally it appears that the STPs currently discharging into the waterways of the catchment do not pose an unacceptable or unmanageable risk to Sydney's drinking water consumers. PMID:21866772

van den Akker, B; Whiffin, V; Cox, P; Beatson, P; Ashbolt, N J; Roser, D J

2011-01-01

219

Infectious microbial diseases and host defense responses in Sydney rock oysters  

PubMed Central

Aquaculture has long been seen as a sustainable solution to some of the world's growing food shortages. However, experience over the past 50 years indicates that infectious diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotes limit the productivity of aquaculture. In extreme cases, these types of infectious agents threaten the viability of entire aquaculture industries. This article describes the threats from infectious diseases in aquaculture and then focuses on one example (QX disease in Sydney rock oysters) as a case study. QX appears to be typical of many emerging diseases in aquaculture, particularly because environmental factors seem to play a crucial role in disease outbreaks. Evidence is presented that modulation of a generic subcellular stress response pathway in oysters is responsible for both resistance and susceptibility to infectious microbes. Understanding and being able to manipulate this pathway may be the key to sustainable aquaculture. PMID:24795701

Raftos, David A.; Kuchel, Rhiannon; Aladaileh, Saleem; Butt, Daniel

2014-01-01

220

Elucidating the life cycle of Marteilia sydneyi, the aetiological agent of QX disease in the Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea glomerata).  

PubMed

Marteilia sydneyi (Phylum Paramyxea, Class Marteiliidea, Order Marteiliida) (the causative agent of QX disease) is recognised as the most severe parasite to infect Saccostrea glomerata, the Sydney rock oyster, on the east coast of Australia. Despite its potential impact on industry (>95% mortality), research towards lessening these effects has been hindered by the lack of an experimental laboratory model of infection as a consequence of our incomplete understanding of the life cycle of this parasite. Here, we explored the presence of this parasite in hosts other than a bivalve mollusc from two study sites on the Hawkesbury River, New South Wales, Australia. We employed PCR-based in situ hybridisation and sequence analysis of a portion of the first internal transcribed spacer of rDNA in an attempt to detect M. sydneyi DNA in 21 species of polychaete worm. Marteilia DNA was detected in 6% of 1247 samples examined by PCR; the analysis of all amplicons defined one distinct sequence type for first internal transcribed spacer, representing M. sydneyi. Of the polychaete operational taxonomic units test-positive in PCR, we examined 116 samples via in situ hybridisation DNA probe staining and identified M. sydneyi DNA in the epithelium of the intestine of two specimens of Nephtys australiensis. Two differing morphological forms were identified: a 'primordial' cell that contained a well-defined nucleus but had little differentiation in the cytoplasm, and a 'plasmodial' cell that showed an apparent syncytial structure. This finding represents the first known record of the identification of M. sydneyi being parasitic in an organism other than an oyster, and only the third record of any species of Marteilia identified from non-molluscan hosts. Future work aims at determining if N. australiensis and S. glomerata are the only hosts in the life cycle of this paramyxean, and the development of experimental models to aid the production of QX disease-resistant oysters. PMID:25765622

Adlard, Robert D; Nolan, Matthew J

2015-05-01

221

Physical injecting sites among injecting drug users in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 200 injecting drug users were interviewed about their bodily injection sites. The mean number of injection sites ever used by subjects was 3.1, with a mean of 2.0 sites used in the previous 6 months. Sixteen percent of subjects had injected in five or more sites. Almost all (99%) had injected in the cubital fossa (crook of

Shane Darke; Joanne Ross; Sharlene Kaye

2001-01-01

222

Graham A. Colditz, MD, DrPH BORN: Sydney, Australia  

E-print Network

Institutes of Health 1992 RFP/NICHD CRE 91-93 -- Breast cancer and birth control pill: Case/control study: Niess-Gain Professor of Surgery, Professor of Medicine and Associate Director Prevention and Control of Medicine 2006- Associate Director, Prevention and Control Siteman Cancer Center UNIVERSITY

Dobbins, Ian G.

223

Topical ‘Sydney’ Propolis Protects against UV-Radiation-Induced Inflammation, Lipid Peroxidation and Immune Suppression in Mouse Skin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Propolis is a honeybee product that has been used in traditional medicine for antioxidant, immune-stimulating, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects. Here, the potential of the topical application of a crude ethanolic extract of Sydney propolis to protect against UV-radiation-induced impairments associated with an increased risk of photocarcinogenesis has been tested in the hairless mouse. Methods: Solutions providing between 10 and

Nerida Cole; Paul W. Sou; Alanna Ngo; Karen H. Tsang; Joseph A. J. Severino; Sondur J. Arun; Colin C. Duke; Vivienne E. Reeve

2010-01-01

224

SITE RESPONSE IN THE BOTANY AREA, SYDNEY, USING MICROTREMOR ARRAY METHODS AND EQUIVALENT LINEAR SITE RESPONSE MODELLING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shear-wave velocity profiles (SWVPs) for soil and sand cover have been acquired for five sites in the Botany Bay area, Sydney, using microtremor array observations together with spatial autocorrelation (SPAC) processing methods. Single-site horizontal\\/vertical particle motion spectral ratios (HVSR) at the sites show a range of natural-resonance peak frequencies from 7 to 1.3 Hz and SWVPs developed by inversion of

Michael W. Asten; Trevor Dhu

2004-01-01

225

Significance of the basin wide reverse polarity reflector in the Offshore Sydney Basin, East Australian Margin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Offshore Sydney Basin is located between latitudes 32°30'S and 34°30'S between the coastal cities of Newcastle in the north and Wollongong in the south, covering a total area of ~15,000 squire km. The structural framework of the offshore portion of the basin comprises five principal elements: the Offshore Syncline, an extension of the New England Fold Belt, an offshore extension of the Newcastle Syncline, the Offshore Uplift and the Outer Continental Shelf. The present easterly extent of the basin is the result of Cretaceous rifting and commencement of seafloor spreading in the adjacent Tasman Sea. The continental shelf is approximately 50 km wide offshore Sydney and is edged by relatively steep continental slope. This study has been carried out with 2D multichannel seismic data covering the northern half of the offshore basin. The Cenozoic sedimentary cover of the basin is characterized by two regional unconformities: one at the base of Cenozoic and another intra-Cenozoic. The unconformity at the base of Cenozoic is known as the Top Sydney Basin unconformity. In places the surface is displaced by faults and also characterized by possible mounds producing an overall highly irregular topography. Though most of the faults remained buried beneath the surface some continued up to seafloor. They seem to have NW-SE direction with significant lateral extension. The intra-Cenozoic unconformity forms a prominent reflector at about 80 to 200 msbs (TWT). It is characterized by an angular unconformity with the reflectors terminating onto it from beneath. It is also associated with prograding sequences beneath, terminating with toplap geometry, suggesting that it forms the boundary between a transgressive and regressive phase. This is interpreted as a prograding carbonate dominated shelf-edge. The most interesting aspect of this seismic reflector is that the major part of it presents reverse polarity with respect to the seafloor reflection. The amplitude of the reflector changes laterally and is characterized by patches of high amplitude (bright spots). Contour mapping shows that this reverse polarity reflector is continuous and regionally distributed. The depth of the reflector with respect to the sea surface is too shallow to be a BSR, typically caused at the interface between hydrate containing sediments above and free gas below. Reverse polarity is a common indicator of the accumulation of hydrocarbons. However, alternatively in such shallow depth it can also be caused by the presence of a soft sediment layer. Another important point to note is that no chimney or any other gas escape features have been observed in the vicinity originating from the reverse polarity reflector. However, in the adjacent continental slope, giant pockmarks have been observed on the bathymetry data. They most probably originated from gas sources in Permian coal measures. In order to understand what is causing this reverse polarity further quantitative analysis such as AVO and inversion has been done. AVO analysis and subsequent inversion of selected seismic lines show that some parts of the reversed polarity are characterized by bright spots, especially on the hanging wall side of the major faults, caused by the presence of gas. The stratigraphic position of the reflector suggests that the anomalous horizon could have been formed during the low-stand that followed the high-stand progradation event seen on dip sections. The gas accumulation could then be associated with "back reef" carbonates that during the low stand have been subjected to karstification causing the gas entrapment in vugular pore spaces.

Rahman Talukder, Asrarur; Nadri, Dariush; Rajput, Sanjeev; Clennell, Ben; Griffiths, Cedric; Breeze, David

2010-05-01

226

Histopathologic and histochemical biomarker responses of Baltic clam, Macoma balthica, to contaminated Sydney Harbour sediment, Nova Scotia, Canada.  

PubMed Central

Sediments in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia, are highly contaminated by polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and heavy metals. Histopathologic and histochemical evaluations were made on the Baltic clam, Macoma balthica, exposed to 11 Sydney Harbour sediment samples. Histologic lesions in digestive gland (tubular dilation or atrophy, macrophage aggregates, tubular cell necrosis, and tissue inflammation) and gonads (macrophage aggregates, supporting cell, germ cell, and ovarian cell necroses) were frequently detected in clams exposed to the most contaminated sediments from the harbor. Clams exposed to these contaminated sediments also had the highest acid phosphatase activity. The average scores of tubular dilation or atrophy, ovarian cell necrosis, and the sums of mean digestive gland lesions correlated significantly with sediment PCBs, and the activities of acid phosphatase correlated significantly with sediment heavy metals, PAHs, and PCBs. Among the lesions, digestive gland tubular dilation or atrophy, tubular cell, germ cell, and ovarian cell necroses, and the activity of acid phosphatase are the best sublethal effect indicators in Macoma exposed to Sydney Harbour sediments. Key words: biomarkers, chronic biologic effects, clams, histology, histochemistry, Macoma balthica, marine sediment, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls. PMID:12611654

Tay, Kok-Leng; Teh, Swee Joo; Doe, Ken; Lee, Ken; Jackman, Paula

2003-01-01

227

Comparison of the men's and the women's pole vault at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to identify differences between elite male and female pole vaulters in terms of their mechanical energy and angular momentum. The vaulter's total mechanical energy and angular momentum were calculated from the three-dimensional kinematic data of the pole vault finals at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. The development of total, kinetic and potential energy showed similar characteristics for men and women. The initial energy of the vault, the energy at maximum pole bend position and the final energy were significantly higher for male athletes (P <0.05), while the energy gain produced by the athletes during the vault showed no significant differences (male vaulters 5.88 +/- 1.02 J.kg(-1), female vaulters 5.74 +/- 1.63 J.kg(-1)). Time-related parameters relating to pole bending and recoiling also showed no significant differences (P <0.05). In contrast to the male vaulters, the female vaulters did not show a free upward flight phase. The angular momentum was significantly higher for the female vaulters during the initial pole bend and during the bar clearance (P <0.05). We conclude that the pole vaulting technique of female elite athletes is not a projection of the technique of male elite vaulters at a lower jump height, but rather a different way of jumping and interacting with the elastic pole. The current technique of elite female pole vaulters still has potential for further improvement. PMID:15513277

Schade, Falk; Arampatzis, Adamantios; Brüggemann, Gert-Peter; Komi, Paavo

2004-09-01

228

Quantitative proteomics of heavy metal stress responses in Sydney rock oysters.  

PubMed

Currently, there are few predictive biomarkers in key biomonitoring species, such as oysters, that can detect heavy metal pollution in coastal waterways. Several attributes make oysters superior to other organisms for positive biomonitoring of heavy metal pollution. In particular, they are filter feeders with a high capacity for bioaccumulation. In this study, we used two proteomics approaches, namely label-free shotgun proteomics based on SDS-PAGE gel separation and gas phase fractionation, to investigate the heavy metal stress responses of Sydney rock oysters. Protein samples were prepared from haemolymph of oysters exposed to 100 ?g/L of PbCl(2), CuCl(2), or ZnCl(2) for 4 days in closed aquaria. Peptides were identified using a Bivalvia protein sequence database, due to the unavailability of a complete oyster genome sequence. Statistical analysis revealed 56 potential biomarker proteins, as well as several protein biosynthetic pathways to be greatly impacted by metal stress. These have the potential to be incorporated into bioassays for prevention and monitoring of heavy metal pollution in Australian oyster beds. The study confirms that proteomic analysis of biomonitoring species is a promising approach for assessing the effects of environmental pollution, and our experiments have provided insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying oyster stress responses. PMID:22539440

Muralidharan, Sridevi; Thompson, Emma; Raftos, David; Birch, Gavin; Haynes, Paul A

2012-03-01

229

Changing Water Depths in the Eastern Part of Sydney Harbour due to Human Impacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney Harbour has been significantly modified by human impacts from the start of the European settlement in 1788. Land clearing has accelerated soil erosion, resulting in increased sedimentation. Dredging has deepened many areas to accommodate ever-larger ships. In this paper a GIS method is used to map bathymetric changes in the eastern part of the harbour from 1903 to more recently. Dredged areas are apparent in the entrance and in wharfage areas, while sedimentation is most marked around the deepest section, which is well inside the harbour itself. In this latter region sediment has built up considerably, to over 3 m in some locations, and ship-induced motions appear to have had an impact. Despite these changes the overall depth of the eastern part of the harbour has changed little. This work is of interest to maritime archaeologists because it brings out the types of processes by which sediments can accumulate and be removed thus altering a harbour's seabed and potentially burying, exposing or erasing archaeological sites and artefacts.

Mulhearn, Phillip

2014-12-01

230

A proposed origin for fossilized Pennsylvanian plant cuticles by pyrite oxidation (Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fossilized cuticles, though rare in the roof rocks of coal seam in the younger part of the Pennsylvanian Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, represent nearly all of the major plant groups. Selected for investigation, by methods of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and elemental analysis, are fossilized cuticles (FCs) and cuticles extracted from compressions by Schulze's process (CCs) of Alethopteris ambigua. These investigations are supplemented by FTIR analysis of FCs and CCs of Cordaites principalis, and a cuticle-fossilized medullosalean(?) axis. The purpose of this study is threefold: (1) to try to determine biochemical discriminators between FCs and CCs of the same species using semi-quantitative FTIR techniques; (2) to assess the effects chemical treatments have, particularly Schulze's process, on functional groups; and most importantly (3) to study the primary origin of FCs. Results are equivocal in respect to (1); (2) after Schulze's treatment aliphatic moieties tend to be reduced relative to oxygenated groups, and some aliphatic chains may be shortened; and (3) a primary chemical model is proposed. The model is based on a variety of geological observations, including stratal distribution, clay and pyrite mineralogies associated with FCs and compressions, and regional geological structure. The model presupposes compression-cuticle fossilization under anoxic conditions for late authigenic deposition of sub-micron-sized pyrite on the compressions. Rock joints subsequently provided conduits for oxygen-enriched ground-water circulation to initiate in situ pyritic oxidation that produced sulfuric acid for macerating compressions, with resultant loss of vitrinite, but with preservation of cuticles as FCs. The timing of the process remains undetermined, though it is assumed to be late to post-diagenetic. Although FCs represent a pathway of organic matter transformation (pomd) distinct from other plant-fossilization processes, global applicability of the chemical models remains to be tested. CCs and FCs are inferred endpoints on a spectrum of pomd which complicates assessing origin of in-between transformations (partially macerated cuticles). FCs index highly acidic levels that existed locally in the roof rocks.

Zodrow, E.L.; Mastalerz, M.

2009-01-01

231

Age Variation in the Prevalence of "DSM-IV" Disorders in Cases of Suicide of Middle-Aged and Older Persons in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data concerning 127 persons aged 35 years or above who died by suicide (as determined in consecutive cases by a Sydney coroner) were analyzed. Psychological autopsy (PA) interviews were conducted in 52 cases, and details were compared with the 75 cases where data were available only from coroner's files (CF). Most characteristics of the two groups…

Snowdon, John; Draper, Brian; Wyder, Marianne

2011-01-01

232

Monthly Fairfax Metro Media Audience Report The Sydney Morning Herald, smh.com.au, The Sun-Herald The Age, theage.com.au, The Sunday Age  

E-print Network

Monthly ­ Fairfax Metro Media Audience Report The Sydney Morning Herald, smh.com.au, The Sun-Herald The Age, theage.com.au, The Sunday Age 2013 2012 % change 2013 2012 % change Web - monthly unique audience,189 + Average Net Paid Digital Only Sales 6,060 + Average Net Paid Print/Digital Packaged Sales 27,202 Sun

Peters, Richard

233

The impact of heat on mortality and morbidity in the Greater Metropolitan Sydney Region: a case crossover analysis  

PubMed Central

Background This study examined the association between unusually high temperature and daily mortality (1997–2007) and hospital admissions (1997–2010) in the Sydney Greater Metropolitan Region (GMR) to assist in the development of targeted health programs designed to minimise the public health impact of extreme heat. Methods Sydney GMR was categorized into five climate zones. Heat-events were defined as severe or extreme. Using a time-stratified case-crossover design with a conditional logistic regression model we adjusted for influenza epidemics, public holidays, and climate zone. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated for associations between daily mortality and hospital admissions with heat-event days compared to non-heat event days for single and three day heat-events. Results All-cause mortality overall had similar magnitude associations with single day and three day extreme and severe events as did all cardiovascular mortality. Respiratory mortality was associated with single day and three day severe events (95thpercentile, lag0: OR?=?1.14; 95%CI: 1.04 to 1.24). Diabetes mortality had similar magnitude associations with single day and three day severe events (95thpercentile, lag0: OR?=?1.22; 95%CI: 1.03 to 1.46) but was not associated with extreme events. Hospital admissions for heat related injuries, dehydration, and other fluid disorders were associated with single day and three day extreme and severe events. Contrary to our findings for mortality, we found inconsistent and sometimes inverse associations for extreme and severe events with cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease hospital admissions. Controlling for air pollutants did not influence the mortality associations but reduced the magnitude of the associations with hospital admissions particularly for ozone and respiratory disease. Conclusions Single and three day events of unusually high temperatures in Sydney are associated with similar magnitude increases in mortality and hospital admissions. The trend towards an inverse association between cardio-vascular admissions and heat-events and the strong positive association between cardio-vascular mortality and heat-events suggests these events may lead to a rapid deterioration in persons with existing cardio-vascular disease resulting in death. To reduce the adverse effects of high temperatures over multiple days, and less extreme but more frequent temperatures over single days, targeted public health messages are critical. PMID:24238064

2013-01-01

234

A Food Handler-Associated, Foodborne Norovirus GII.4 Sydney 2012-Outbreak Following a Wedding Dinner, Austria, October 2012.  

PubMed

On October 12, 2012, the provincial public health directorate of Salzburg reported a suspected norovirus (NV) outbreak among guests of a wedding-reception. The investigation aimed to confirm the causative agent, to identify the mode of transmission and to implement appropriate preventive measures. A probable outbreak case was defined as a wedding guest with diarrhoea or vomiting with disease onset from 7 to 10 October 2012 and who consumed food at the wedding dinner prepared by a hotel in the province Salzburg on 6 October 2012. A confirmed outbreak case fulfilled the criteria of a probable outbreak case and had a laboratory-confirmed NV infection. We conducted a cohort-investigation among the wedding guests. The case definitions were fulfilled in 26 wedding guests (25 %) including 2 confirmed cases. Females were 3.2 times more likely to develop disease (95 % CI 1.4-7.2) as compared to males. A mushroom dish was found to be associated with disease risk among females (risk ratio 2.3, 95 % CI 1.2-4.3). Two of 2 tested case-patients and 6 of 14 kitchen workers tested were positive for NV GII.4 Sydney. One kitchen staff-member worked during the wedding dinner despite diarrhoea. No food safety training was documented for the employees and the kitchen staff's restroom was lacking operational facilities for hand hygiene. We report the first investigated outbreak due to GII.4 Sydney, which was likely due to a symptomatic kitchen worker. Gender-specific eating behaviour may have posed female guests at higher risk of NV infection. PMID:24026524

Maritschnik, Sabine; Kanitz, Elisabeth Eva; Simons, Erica; Höhne, Marina; Neumann, Heidelinde; Allerberger, Franz; Schmid, Daniela; Lederer, Ingeborg

2013-09-12

235

Efficacy of vaccination with live attenuated, cold-adapted, trivalent, intranasal influenza virus vaccine against a variant (A\\/Sydney) not contained in the vaccine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of revaccination of children with live attenuated influenza vaccine. Study design: A 2-year multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, efficacy field trial of live attenuated, cold-adapted trivalent influenza vaccine administered by nasal spray to children. This report summarizes year 2 results, a year in which the epidemic strain of influenza A\\/Sydney was not well matched

Robert B. Belshe; William C. Gruber; Paul M. Mendelman; Iksung Cho; Keith Reisinger; Stan L. Block; Janet Wittes; Dominick Iacuzio; Pedro Piedra; John Treanor; James King; Karen Kotloff; David I. Bernstein; Frederick G. Hayden; Ken Zangwill; Lihan Yan; Mark Wolff

2000-01-01

236

Preliminary modelling results of an urban air quality model verifying the prediction of nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and ozone over the Sydney basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The air quality modelling system (HIRES-AIRCHEM) of The University of New South Wales is tested with regard to forecast distributions of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3) over the Sydney basin and surrounding area. This is achieved by assimilating the emissions inventory of the New South Wales State Environment Protection Authority. This inventory contains both road and non-road sources. The HIRES-AIRCHEM system was run over the greater Sydney metropolitan area for a four day period in February 1998. During this period O3 readings, in particular, exceeded the EPA’s threshold maximum of 80 ppb. The model forecasts of the NO2-, SO2- and O3-distributions verify well with the EPA’s monitored readings. Diurnal concentrations are greatest in the late afternoon, as expected, when photochemical processes are most active. Furthermore, the forecast spatial distribution of NO2 and SO2 shows maximum values radiating out along major roads from the Sydney CBD and other population centres. This is consistent with NO2 and SO2 being major pollutants associated with vehicular traffic. These promising results have significant implications for possible future use of the system as a tool for routinely assessing air quality.

Leslie, L. M.; Speer, M. S.

2004-09-01

237

A cross-sectional study of pre-travel health-seeking practices among travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports  

PubMed Central

Background Pre-travel health assessments aim to promote risk reduction through preventive measures and safe behavior, including ensuring travelers are up-to-date with their immunizations. However, studies assessing pre-travel health-seeking practices from a variety of medical and non-medical sources and vaccine uptake prior to travel to both developing and developed countries within the Asia-Pacific region are scarce. Methods Cross-sectional surveys were conducted between July and December 2007 to assess pre-travel health seeking practices, including advice from health professionals, health information from other sources and vaccine uptake, in a sample of travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports. A two-stage cluster sampling technique was used to ensure representativeness of travelers and travel destinations. Pre-travel health seeking practices were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire distributed at the check-in queues of departing flights. Logistic regression models were used to identify significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional, reported separately for Australian residents, residents of other Western countries and residents of countries in Asia. Results A total of 843 surveys were included in the final sample (Sydney 729, response rate 56%; Bangkok 114, response rate 60%). Overall, pre-travel health information from any source was sought by 415 (49%) respondents with 298 (35%) seeking pre-travel advice from a health professional, the majority through general practice. Receipt of a pre-travel vaccine was reported by 100 (12%) respondents. Significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional differed by region of residence. Asian travelers were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice and uptake of pre-travel vaccines than Australian or other Western travelers. Migrant Australians were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice than Australian-born travelers. Conclusions This study highlights differences in health-seeking practices including the uptake of pre-travel health advice by region of residence and country of birth. There is a public health need to identify strategies targeting these travel groups. This includes the promotion of affordable and accessible travel clinics in low resource countries as traveler numbers increase and travel health promotion targeting migrant groups in high resource countries. General practitioners should play a central role. Determining the most appropriate strategies for increasing pre-travel health preparation, particularly for vaccine preventable diseases in travelers is the next stage in advancing travel medicine research. PMID:22550996

2012-01-01

238

Engagement with Australia Active Partnership Agreements  

E-print Network

Engagement with Australia Active Partnership Agreements: Expired Partnership Agreements: University of Southern Queensland University of Queensland University of Western Australia University of Western Sydney&M University 58 Texas A&M University students studying in Australia Internship ­ 1 Research ­ 1 Short Term

Behmer, Spencer T.

239

Orbital parameters, masses and distance to Beta Centauri determined with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer and high resolution spectroscopy  

E-print Network

The bright southern binary star beta Centauri (HR 5267) has been observed with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) and spectroscopically with the ESO CAT and Swiss Euler telescopes at La Silla. The interferometric observations have confirmed the binary nature of the primary component and have enabled the determination of the orbital parameters of the system. At the observing wavelength of 442 nm the two components of the binary system have a magnitude difference of 0.15. The combination of interferometric and spectroscopic data gives the following results: orbital period 357 days, semi-major axis 25.30 mas, inclination 67.4 degrees, eccentricity 0.821, distance 102.3 pc, primary and secondary masses M1 = M2 = 9.1 solar masses and absolute visual magnitudes of the primary and secondary M1V = -3.85 and M2V = -3.70. The high accuracy of the results offers a fruitful starting point for future asteroseismic modelling of the pulsating binary components.

Davis, J; Seneta, E B; Tango, W J; Booth, A J; O'Byrne, J W; Thorvaldson, E D; Ausseloos, M; Aerts, C; Uytterhoeven, K

2004-01-01

240

Palaeomagnetic data for Permian and Triassic rocks from drill holes in the Southern Sydney Basin, New South Wales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A section 300 m thick across the Permian—Triassic boundary has been sampled in the Southern Coalfield of the Sydney Basin, New South Wales. 55 samples, mainly grey to drab sandstones, were collected from 9 diamond drill holes which penetrated the entire Narrabeen Group and the upper part of the conformably underlying Illawarra Coal Measures, as well as a sill emplaced into the coal measures. The samples included fully oriented cores. Additional reconnaissance samples from two further drill holes were also studied. Partial alternating field demagnetization and petrography indicate the magnetic remanence to be a stable DRM. Partial thermal demagnetization above 300°C or 400°C caused large increases in magnetic susceptibility. Partial chemical demagnetization did not cause significant changes in remanence directions. For the Coal Cliff Sandstone (basal Narrabeen Group, Triassic) the palaeomagnetic pole position (Normal) was calculated to be at 59°N 322°E (dp = 27°, dm = 29°), which agrees with previously published data. For the uppermost coal measures (Permian) the pole position was calculated as 58°N 340°E (dp = 09°, dm = 10°). Data for samples from the lower to middle coal measures yield a pole position which is between the new Permian—Triassic pole position and that for the underlying Middle Permian igneous rocks. The top of the Reversed "Kiaman Magnetic Interval" (Permian) may be near the Tongarra coal and Appin Formation boundary — (early) Late Permian.

Facer, R. A.

1981-04-01

241

Motivational Goals and School Achievement: Lebanese-Background Students in South-Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a general belief that Lebanese-background students in Australia do not usually perform well at school. This study examines the school achievement of Lebanese-background students and the major motivational factors related to their achievement. A total of 271 Year Nine students (117 Lebanese-background and 154 non-Lebanese background) in…

Suliman, Rosemary; McInerney, Dennis M.

2006-01-01

242

R e s e a r c h p l a n University of Sydney Library  

E-print Network

Austral* for Australia, Australian etc Two words together are searched as a phrase eg New Zealand. Use and: Second Concept: Third Concept: Write down relevant date limits, language limits, geographic region, format of information eg: video, web page 2. Where should I look for information? Resource brainstorming

Viglas, Anastasios

243

Simulated impact of urban expansion on future temperature heatwaves in Sydney  

E-print Network

to evaluate how urban expansion and global warming will act together on the persistence of warm conditions, Australia. Email: d.argueso@unsw.edu.au Abstract: The combined effect of climate change and urbanisation the year but it is particularly strong during winter and spring, when the differences with the surroundings

Evans, Jason

244

Palaeointensity results from Tertiary intrusive rocks from the Sydney Basin: a comparison of the modified-conventional and microwave Thellier methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Permo-Triassic sedimentary rocks of the Sydney Basin in New South Wales, Australia are affected by three major phases of igneous activity, resulting in widespread extrusive and intrusive rocks aged from Late Palaeozoic through to Middle-Late Tertiary. The latest (most extensive) phase of activity spans the 60-20 Ma time window and has a peak contemporaneous with the initial separation of Australia and Antarctica at around 45-50 Ma. This phase was responsible for the formation of basaltic intrusions and lava flows, which crop out throughout the Basin. This study documents palaeointensity determinations on diatremes (volcanic necks) and plugs with a magnetic mineralogy dominated by Ti-enriched titanomagnetites (Curie temperatures ranging from 250-380^oC). The Coe-modified Thellier technique was used in initial palaeointensity experiments on eight large intrusive bodies, two of which yielded no results. The remaining six exhibited varying behaviour during experiments with two intrusions exhibiting anomalously high intensities, possibly characteristic of lightening-induced remanence. Preliminary palaeointensity results from the four stable intrusions were obtained from the 150-350^oC blocking temperature range, and yielded mean values of 41 ± 4 ?T (age = 49 Ma); 27 ± 2 ?T (age = 46 Ma); 24 ± 14 ?T (age = 58 Ma) and 14 ± 3 ?T (age = 50 Ma). Microwave Thellier palaeointensity experiments were run on a limited sample set from six intrusions. The two bodies suspected of being affected by lightening strikes also gave anomalously high intensities using this technique. Samples from the remaining intrusions exhibited variable behaviour during experiments, with removal of secondary components sometimes proving to be difficult. Microwave palaeointensity values were consistently lower than the conventional results from sister samples. Three intrusions gave mean microwave palaeointensities of 33 ± 7 ?T (age = 49 Ma); 11 ± 7 ?T (age = 46 Ma); and 6 ± 3 ?T (age = 50 Ma) with a single sample from the 58 Ma intrusion giving a value of 28 ± 1?T comparable to the conventional estimate. A second stage conventional and microwave palaeointensity study, focussing in detail on two of the intrusions, is currently underway and results of this study will also be presented and discussed.

Thomas, N.; Hill, M.

2003-04-01

245

Ethnicity, health and medical care: towards a critical realist analysis of general practice in the Korean community in Sydney.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the use and provision of biomedicine among Korean-Australian men on the basis of interview data from all of the eight Korean-speaking doctors practising in the Korean community in Sydney in 1995. From the viewpoint of these general practitioners, an analysis is made of the processes Korean men go through in adjusting to a new country, being involved in constant hard manual work and long working hours, and explores how they make use of all available resources to stay healthy. The Korean men have fully utilized the 'freely' available medical services under government-subsidized Medicare, bearing in mind that health is a capacity to work under the current environment, although illegal migrants restrained themselves from using it until they obtained legal status. Korean-speaking medical practitioners have been able to provide their fellow Koreans with 'culturally appropriate' health care, with the key factor being the absence of a language barrier. The level of patient satisfaction is high, possibly due to the excellent understanding the doctors have of the social aspects of illnesses, although the doctors do not go beyond curative medicine in their practice. However, the increasing number of Korean-speaking doctors in the small Korean community means that there is competition for patients. Consequently, the medical care is highly entrepreneurial. Referral by Korean doctors to practitioners of Korean herbal medicine is also a notable feature of the health care sector of the Korean community, especially as this offers Korean patients 'satisfactory' health relief for problems that are not easily relieved by doctors in the biomedical system. PMID:17060035

Han, Gil-Soo; Davies, Carmel

2006-11-01

246

Powerhouses Insidethe2010Sydney  

E-print Network

Gallery, Dublin, Ireland, 2008; Rapid-prototyped 3D typography designed using custom generative computerTure 13 two of u: faces of change 14 student profile: remember The TiTans 16 u:reAd it: uTs in prinT 17 fe

University of Technology, Sydney

247

Hutchinson, 1 Sydney Hutchinson  

E-print Network

to Dance Ethnography: Topics and Techniques," with Maurice Mengel. 2007: Adjunct Instructor, University demonstrations with Maurice Mengel in Auburn, NY, July-September 2013. o Carnegie Hall. Presenter for Spanish

Segraves, Kari A.

248

Interview of Sydney Brenner  

E-print Network

they might have a building somewhere but we did not want to be in a large place with everyone; got agreement for an MRC laboratory of molecular biology and joined up with Fred Sanger who was in urgent need of space; Hugh Huxley and Aaron Klug joined us; I...

Brenner, Sydney

2007-12-13

249

UAVs OVER AUSTRALIA -Market And Capabilities Dr. K.C. Wong  

E-print Network

UAVs OVER AUSTRALIA - Market And Capabilities Dr. K.C. Wong Department of Aeronautical Engineering Building J07 University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia Tel: +61 2 9351 2347 Fax: +61 2 9351 4841 kc Australia Tel: +61 3 9647 3053 Fax: +61 3 9647 3050 c.bil@rmit.edu.au ABSTRACT It is generally accepted

Wong, K. C.

250

Trulaske College of Business January Intersession 2015 New Zealand/Australia  

E-print Network

Trulaske College of Business January Intersession 2015 New Zealand/Australia 1 Study Abroad in New of international business with a special focus on New Zealand, Australia, the Pacific Basin and trading partners in North America and Europe. Visit international companies in New Zealand and Sydney, Australia. Learn

Missouri-Columbia, University of

251

A New Approach to Snow Detection in Australia using MODIS & Landsat TM K. Bormanna  

E-print Network

A New Approach to Snow Detection in Australia using MODIS & Landsat TM K. Bormanna , M. McCabeb , J, Sydney, Australia ­ (mmccabe@unsw.edu.au) Abstract ­ Seasonal snow cover has been identified as being in Australia are likely to be among the most sensitive seasonal snow areas to these changes. Data scarcity

Evans, Jason

252

Phenotypic properties resulting from directed gene segment reassortment between wild-type A/Sydney/5/97 influenza virus and the live attenuated vaccine strain.  

PubMed

Widespread use of a live-attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in the United States (licensed as FluMist) raises the possibility that vaccine viruses will contribute gene segments to the type A influenza virus gene pool. Progeny viruses possessing new genotypes might arise from genetic reassortment between circulating wild-type (wt) and vaccine strains, but it will be difficult to predict whether they will be viable or exhibit novel properties. To begin addressing these uncertainties, reverse-genetics was used to generate 34 reassortant viruses derived from wt influenza virus A/Sydney/5/97 and the corresponding live vaccine strain. The reassortants contained different combinations of vaccine and wt PB2, PB1, PA, NP, M, and NS gene segments whereas all strains encoded wt HA and NA glycoproteins. The phenotypes of the reassortant strains were compared to wt and vaccine viruses by evaluating temperature-sensitive (ts) plaque formation and replication attenuation (att) in ferrets following intranasal inoculation. The results demonstrated that the vaccine virus PB1, PB2, and NP gene segments were dominant when introduced into the wt A/Sydney/5/97 genetic background, producing recombinant viruses that expressed the ts and att phenotypes. A dominant attenuated phenotype also was evident when reassortant strains contained the vaccine M or PA gene segments, even though these polypeptides are not temperature-sensitive. Although the vaccine M and NS gene segments typically are not associated with temperature sensitivity, a number of reassortants containing these vaccine gene segments did exhibit a more restricted ts phenotype. Overall, no reassortant strains were more virulent than wt, and in fact, 33 of the 34 recombinant viruses replicated less efficiently in infected ferrets. These results suggest that genetic reassortment between wt and vaccine strains is unlikely to produce viruses having novel properties that differ substantially from either progenitor, and that the likely outcome of reassortment will be attenuated viruses. PMID:17599381

Parks, Christopher L; Latham, Theresa; Cahill, Adriana; O'neill, Robert E; Passarotti, Christopher J; Buonagurio, Deborah A; Bechert, Thomas M; D'Arco, Gail A; Neumann, Gabriele; Destefano, Joanne; Arendt, Heather E; Obregon, Jennifer; Shutyak, Leonid; Hamm, Stefan; Sidhu, Mohinderjit S; Zamb, Timothy J; Udem, Stephen A

2007-10-25

253

The hydrological and economic impacts of changing water allocations in political regions within the peri-urban South Creek catchment in Western Sydney II: Scenarios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim in this paper is to assess the hydrological and economic impacts of deploying water in the political jurisdictions of the peri-urban South Creek catchment of Western Sydney. This catchment has been identified as the region in which the city of Sydney will grow into in the future, with a plan to move an extra one million people into the catchment in the next 25-30 years. In conjunction with this expansion, a plan exists to augment the existing water supply by treating waste water effluent, harvesting stormwater and improving irrigation efficiency, along with a strategy for saving water on farms. Water in this catchment is operated by and in the interests of society, where decisions on its allocation have a political perspective to them. However, the growth within this catchment and the water augmentation strategies are not split evenly amongst the political entities within this catchment, namely the Local Government Authorities. An integrated hydro-economic model segregated according to the political entities in the catchment is used in this study to address a range of water saving scenarios raised by stakeholders. The trade-offs inherent in all water allocation decisions on a regional basis are made transparent in this model and its political ramifications, defined as the impacts on different political regions, are identified. In analysing the measures designed to save water across the catchment, none resulted in a positive Net Present Value. Even just expanding the system to accommodate one million extra people resulted in significant economic losses. In addition, the impact of each measure in each political region was markedly different. The purpose of this study is to provide stakeholders in individual local government regions with evidence of the costs and impacts of rational decisions to change the management of water resources in South Creek catchment.

Davidson, Brian; Malano, Hector; Nawarathna, Bandara; Maheshwari, Basant

2013-08-01

254

Australia's Biodiversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Australian Museum Online comes this informative presentation on biodiversity. This searchable site allows visitors to learn fun biodiversity facts (such as the evolutionary history of the platypus and the secret life of kelp forests), how to conserve biodiversity through sustainable living practices, and what's happening at the Australian Museum in Sydney. Many of the pages can also be downloaded in .pdf format. Features of the site include RealMedia films on such topics as the Lizard Island Research Station and Sydney's Coastal Reefs; a page about the interpretive strategies of the museum's exhibition, Biodiversity: life supporting life; and biodiversity and forestry case studies in Australia. Well organized and readable, this site will be enjoyable for both Aussies and non-Aussies interested in the science and wonder of life's diversity.

255

Last modified 1/11/13 Location and Institution AUSTRALIA -BRISBANE, MELBOURNE, NORTH SYDNEY  

E-print Network

with study abroad advisor or program website for country and program specific, Internships, Study Abroad with an Internship (Brisbane or Melbourne) and/or Scholarships Study website: http://www.acu.edu.au/international/study_abroad_and_exchange/types_of_programs/study_abroad

Galles, David

256

A fuzzy GIS approach to fire risk assessment: a case study of Sydney Olympic Park, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abs tract Bush fire is a natural part of the Australian environment with the potential to devastate rural and urban communities through loss of life, property and infrastructure. While better risk assessment offers some hope in ameliorating the impacts of bus hfire, these assessments are challenging due to the complexity of physical and social landscapes, the limited amount of available

Thomas Zeng; John Hudson; Susan Kay; Edwina Laginestra

257

preprint version RSS 2012, Sydney, Australia Rigidity Maintenance Control for Multi-Robot Systems  

E-print Network

for formation control, localization, and sensor fusion. This work proposes a rigidity maintenance gradient motion is of paramount importance. In this context, the alignment of theoretical and analytical tools measurements, as opposed to relative position measurements from a global or relative inertial frame [2, 3, 5

258

"It's Good to Have Wheels!" Perceptions of Cycling among Homeless Young People in Sydney, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in sporting or recreational programs can be unattainable for many disadvantaged young people. Encouraging regular cycling is an important public health strategy to increase participation in physical activity and expand personal transport options for marginalised youth. Perceptions and attitudes toward cycling were explored in eight…

Crawford, Belinda; Rissel, Chris; Yamazaki, Rowena; Franke, Elise; Amanatidis, Sue; Ravulo, Jioji; Bindon, Jenni; Torvaldsen, Siranda

2012-01-01

259

Sydney, Australia Community Meets Classroom: Celebrating Families and Difference in the Early Stages of Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers and teacher educators are often hard pressed to find resources that creatively integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), and intersex issues into the early stages of primary education. While there is a growing number of academics who stress the importance of addressing topics of sexual and gender diversity during the early…

Burns, Kellie

2006-01-01

260

Proceedings of 20th International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2010 2327 August 2010, Sydney, Australia  

E-print Network

to a soundboard, and its numerical approximation. Measurements on piano strings and bridge show phantom partials coupling condition between strings and soundboard at the bridge. Numerical approximation string model has been introduced by Morse & Ingard [10], in which the string vibration problem

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

261

FRPRCS-9 Sydney, Australia Monday 13 Wednesday 15 July 2009 FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMERS STRENGTHS, WEAKNESSES,  

E-print Network

reinforcing bars and prestressing tendons from them, but that came to nothing. Later, aramid and carbon fibres for applications in concrete; carbon, aramid and glass. Other materials are excluded; PBO because it is too-known; we rehearse them every time we write a paper. 2.1 Fibres are strong Carbon, aramid and glass fibres

Burgoyne, Chris

262

Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. METHOD: An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409

Li Ming Wen; Victoria M Flood; Judy M Simpson; Chris Rissel; Louise A Baur

2010-01-01

263

Allocation in Practice NICTA and UNSW, Sydney, Australia, email: toby.walsh@nicta.com.au  

E-print Network

.walsh@nicta.com.au Abstract. How do we allocate scarce resources? How do we fairly allocate costs? These are two pressing challenges facing society today. I discuss two recent projects at NICTA concerning resource and cost and food kitchens. This gives rise to a fair division problem with several new dimensions, rarely

Walsh, Toby

264

FRPRCS-9 Sydney, Australia Monday 13 Wednesday 15 July 2009 STEPPED ISOSTRESS METHOD FOR ARAMID FIBERS  

E-print Network

Keywords: kevlar 49, technora, stepped isostress method, stress-rupture, accelerated testing, activation-term creep behaviour of Kevlar 49 and Technora. This method involves loading a single specimen, instead than TSSP, so offers several advantages. 2 MATERIALS AND EXPERIMENTAL SET-UP Kevlar 49 and Technora

Burgoyne, Chris

265

Small-scale spatial structuring of interstitial invertebrates on three embayed beaches, Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An understanding of ecological processes hinges upon an understanding of the spatial structuring of their key biotic components. Interstitial invertebrates are a ubiquitous and ecologically important component of sandy beach ecosystems. As many sandy beach taxa have limited dispersal, it may be expected that their populations exhibit a high degree of spatial structuring, yet the spatial scales across which they display baseline variability remain largely unknown. To assess (1) whether interstitial invertebrates display patchiness on embayed sandy beaches, (2) whether the size of patches they form is consistent across three geographically proximal beaches, (3) the key environmental correlates of this variation and (4) its taxonomic dependence, samples were collected at regular (0.5 m) intervals along 15 m long geomorphically similar stretches of three proximal intermediate beaches and analyses of spatial autocorrelation were conducted. On each of the three beaches, interstitial invertebrate communities formed patches of 2-4.5 m in diameter. Spatial structuring of invertebrate communities was driven by harpacticoid copepods and gastrotrichs, and corresponded to spatial structuring of sediments. Sediments, however, explained only 33% of spatial variation in faunal communities, indicating the importance of other abiotic and/or biotic factors. Our study highlights that even on seemingly homogeneous sandy beaches, faunal communities may display considerable small-scale spatial structuring. Examination of spatial structure may lead to a greater understanding of the ecological processes in this system.

Cooke, Belinda C.; Goodwin, Ian D.; Bishop, Melanie J.

2014-10-01

266

Maintenance of chitons on seawalls using crevices on sandstone blocks as habitat in Sydney Harbour, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intertidal seawalls support different assemblages and fewer species than do natural habitats. One explanation for these patterns may be the lack of some microhabitats on seawalls. Preliminary observations suggested that some features of sandstone seawalls, such as the presence of crevices among blocks, may provide chitons with an important habitat. To test the hypothesis that numbers of the chiton, Sypharochiton

J. Moreira; M. G. Chapman; A. J. Underwood

2007-01-01

267

Professor Philip W. Kuchel, University of Sydney, Australia Modeling Cellular Metabolism  

E-print Network

.00. Venue: CMIV, Wranne Lecture Room, Level 11 in the Main Building Physics, peter.lundberg@liu.se, Ph. 010-103 2790 (office) #12;Brief Biography core sci- ence, and 25 in mathematics and horology). He is a medical graduate

Zhao, Yuxiao

268

Understanding geographical inequities in diabetes: multilevel evidence from 114,755 adults in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Multilevel analysis revealed the odds of having diabetes varied geographically by 42% among 114,755 persons. Approximately 9% of this variation was attributable to behavioural risk factors, 41% due to health status and obesity, 26% due to socioeconomic circumstances and 13% to country of birth. Contextual risk factors warrant future investigation. PMID:25451908

Astell-Burt, Thomas; Feng, Xiaoqi; Kolt, Gregory S; McLean, Mark; Maberly, Glen

2014-12-01

269

Cenozoic uplift of south Western Australia as constrained by river profiles N. Barnett-Moore , N. Flament, C. Heine, N. Butterworth, R.D. Mller  

E-print Network

Cenozoic uplift of south Western Australia as constrained by river profiles N. Barnett-Moore , N of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 8 July 2013: Geomorphology Surface uplift Australia Cenozoic Dynamic topography Base level The relative tectonic quiescence

Müller, Dietmar

270

The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns (SMILE) study: cluster randomised trial of humour therapy in nursing homes  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine whether humour therapy reduces depression (primary outcome), agitation and behavioural disturbances and improves social engagement and quality-of-life in nursing home residents. Design The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns study was a single-blind cluster randomised controlled trial of humour therapy. Setting 35 Sydney nursing homes. Participants All eligible residents within geographically defined areas within each nursing home were invited to participate. Intervention Professional ‘ElderClowns’ provided 9–12?weekly humour therapy sessions, augmented by resident engagement by trained staff ‘LaughterBosses’. Controls received usual care. Measurements Depression scores on the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, agitation scores on the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory, behavioural disturbance scores on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, social engagement scores on the withdrawal subscale of Multidimensional Observation Scale for Elderly Subjects, and self-rated and proxy-rated quality-of-life scores on a health-related quality-of-life tool for dementia, the DEMQOL. All outcomes were measured at the participant level by researchers blind to group assignment. Randomisation Sites were stratified by size and level of care then assigned to group using a random number generator. Results Seventeen nursing homes (189 residents) received the intervention and 18 homes (209 residents) received usual care. Groups did not differ significantly over time on the primary outcome of depression, or on behavioural disturbances other than agitation, social engagement and quality of life. The secondary outcome of agitation was significantly reduced in the intervention group compared with controls over 26?weeks (time by group interaction adjusted for covariates: p=0.011). The mean difference in change from baseline to 26?weeks in Blom-transformed agitation scores after adjustment for covariates was 0.17 (95% CI 0.004 to 0.34, p=0.045). Conclusions Humour therapy did not significantly reduce depression but significantly reduced agitation. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry -ACTRN12611000462987. PMID:23315520

Low, Lee-Fay; Brodaty, Henry; Goodenough, Belinda; Spitzer, Peter; Bell, Jean-Paul; Fleming, Richard; Casey, Anne-Nicole; Liu, Zhixin; Chenoweth, Lynn

2013-01-01

271

Between the Centre and the Periphery: the development of port trade in Darwin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Darwin, the capital of the Northern Territory, is a port city located in Australia's Top End and facing Southeast Asia. The distance from Darwin to Australia's main economic centres of Sydney and Melbourne is almost the same as to Singapore. This central geographical location has inspired the development of the Port and the City of Darwin from time to time

Jiaping Wu

2011-01-01

272

Making the Grade? Globalisation and the Training Market in Australia. Volume 1 [and] Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-volume document reports on a study of globalization and Australia's training market. Volume 1 begins by examining debate on globalization and industry training in Australia. Discussed next is the study methodology, which involved field studies of the metals and engineering industry in South West Sydney and the Hunter and the information…

Hall, Richard; Buchanan, John; Bretherton, Tanya; van Barneveld, Kristin; Pickersgill, Richard

273

Differential effects of metal contamination on the transcript expression of immune- and stress-response genes in the Sydney Rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata.  

PubMed

Environmental contamination by metals is a serious threat to the biological sustainability of coastal ecosystems. Our current understanding of the potential biological effects of metals in these ecosystems is limited. This study tested the transcriptional expression of immune- and stress-response genes in Sydney Rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata). Oysters were exposed to four metals (cadmium, copper, lead and zinc) commonly associated with anthropogenic pollution in coastal waterways. Seven target genes (superoxide dismutase, ferritin, ficolin, defensin, HSP70, HSP90 and metallothionein) were selected. Quantitative (real-time) PCR analyses of the transcript expression of these genes showed that each of the different metals elicited unique transcriptional profiles. Significant changes in transcription were found for 18 of the 28 combinations tested (4 metals × 7 genes). Of these, 16 reflected down-regulation of gene transcription. HSP90 was the only gene significantly up-regulated by metal contamination (cadmium and zinc only), while defensin expression was significantly down-regulated by exposure to all four metals. This inhibition could have a significant negative effect on the oyster immune system, promoting susceptibility to opportunistic infections and disease. PMID:23545341

Taylor, Daisy A; Thompson, Emma L; Nair, Sham V; Raftos, David A

2013-07-01

274

FTIR and py-GC-MS spectra of true-fern and seed-fern sphenopterids (Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada, Pennsylvanian)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Sphenopterid specimens from the Late Pennsylvanian of Sydney Coalfield, Canada, are investigated by FTIR and py-GC-MS techniques as part of an on-going research project into the biochemistry and chemotaxonomy of Pennsylvanian-age pteridophylls. Included in the investigation are samples of the true-fern species Oligocarpia brongniartii and Zeilleria delicatula that are preserved as naturally macerated cuticles (NMC), and the seed-fern Eusphenopteris neuropteroides that is also preserved as a compression/impression. FTIR spectra of NMC seed-fern E. neuropteroides, and fern sphenopterid O. brongniartii are very similar, except that the latter does not have aromatic bands in the 700-900 cm-1 out-of-plane region, py-GC-MS show more aromatic compounds for the seed fern than for the two true-fern sphenopterids. Another difference between seed-fern and true-fern sphenopterids is a lower ratio of CH2 to CH3 in chemically treated specimens (CTC) for the seed fern. These observations suggest slightly higher aromaticity for the seed ferns, perhaps related to some chemotaxonomic differences. Comparison of FTIR and py-GC-MS characteristics of sphenopterids and other plant groups shows that these two techniques have potential to identifying chemotaxonomic signals from Carboniferous pteridophylls in general, although more data are needed to confirm this. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Zodrow, E.L.; Mastalerz, M.

2002-01-01

275

Project Haystack: The Search for Life in the Galaxy and Life: Here? There? Elsewhere? North Sydney Girls High School and using curriculum materials as a partnership opportunity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this workshop participants will trial some of the missions from Project Haystack and Life: Here, There and Elsewhere. Both teachers' guides are from The Life in the Universe series of curriculum resources developed by the SETI Institute. The missions discussed have been adapted for use in two teaching units based on the NSW Stage 4-5 Science Syllabus. The units used `Life in the Universe' as a context for motivating students in science. The Stage 4 (Year 7) unit explored how life may be detected on Mars and other planetary objects in our solar system, and the Stage 5 (Year 9) unit explored the nature of our universe and the possibility of extraterrestrial intelligence beyond our solar system. During this workshop participants will design a spacecraft-lander for exploring the Martian landscape. Then, the participants will compare their design to what was produced by students at North Sydney Girls High School. Alternative activities that assisted students in improving their design will also be discussed. Other missions presented in this workshop include the making of a model of the entire Milky Way Galaxy, examining the spectra from different stars, and using the Doppler shift as a way to measure the very small "wobble" of stars that would indicate the presence of other planetary systems.

Vozzo, Les

276

Risk Factors for Late-Life Cognitive Decline and Variation with Age and Sex in the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction An aging population brings increasing burdens and costs to individuals and society arising from late-life cognitive decline, the causes of which are unclear. We aimed to identify factors predicting late-life cognitive decline. Methods Participants were 889 community-dwelling 70–90-year-olds from the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study with comprehensive neuropsychological assessments at baseline and a 2-year follow-up and initially without dementia. Cognitive decline was considered as incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia, as well as decreases in attention/processing speed, executive function, memory, and global cognition. Associations with baseline demographic, lifestyle, health and medical factors were determined. Results All cognitive measures showed decline and 14% of participants developed incident MCI or dementia. Across all participants, risk factors for decline included older age and poorer smelling ability most prominently, but also more education, history of depression, being male, higher homocysteine, coronary artery disease, arthritis, low health status, and stroke. Protective factors included marriage, kidney disease, and antidepressant use. For some of these factors the association varied with age or differed between men and women. Additional risk and protective factors that were strictly age- and/or sex-dependent were also identified. We found salient population attributable risks (8.7–49.5%) for older age, being male or unmarried, poor smelling ability, coronary artery disease, arthritis, stroke, and high homocysteine. Discussion Preventing or treating conditions typically associated with aging might reduce population-wide late-life cognitive decline. Interventions tailored to particular age and sex groups may offer further benefits. PMID:23799051

Lipnicki, Darren M.; Sachdev, Perminder S.; Crawford, John; Reppermund, Simone; Kochan, Nicole A.; Trollor, Julian N.; Draper, Brian; Slavin, Melissa J.; Kang, Kristan; Lux, Ora; Mather, Karen A.; Brodaty, Henry

2013-01-01

277

The Westphalian D fossil lepidodendrid forest at Table Head, Sydney Basin, Nova Scotia: Sedimentology, paleoecology and floral response to changing edaphic conditions  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Strata of Westphalian D age on the western coast of the Sydney Basin expose a fossil forest of approximately 30 lepidodendrid trees within one of several clastic splits of the Harbour Seam. A mutidisciplinary approach was employed to interpret the origins of the coal bed, the depositional history of the site and the response of the fossil forest to changing edaphic conditions. The megaspore and miospore records indicate that the mire vegetation was dominated by arboreous lycopsids, especially Paralycopodites, with subdominant tree ferns. Petrographic, palynological and geochemical evidence suggest that the Harbour coal bed at Table Head originated as a rheotrophic (cf. planar) mire (eutric histosol). The mire forest is interpreted to have been engulfed by prograding distributary-channel sediments; sparse protist assemblages are suggestive of a freshwater delta-plain lake environment occasionally in contact with brackish waters. Lepidodendrids persisted as site colonizers of clastic substrates even after burial of the rheotrophic peatland and influenced the morphology of deposited sediment, but apparently were unable to colonize distributary channels. Equivocal taxonomic data (compression fossils) show the fossil forest to have been composed of both monocarpic (Lepidodendron) and polycarpic (Diaphorodendron, Paralycopodites, ?Sigillaria) lycopsids, genera recorded in the palynology of the uppermost ply of the underlying coal bed. Comparatively rare within the clastic beds of the fossil forest, however, is the stem compression of Paralycopodites, whose dispersed megapores and miospores dominate the underlying coal bed. Tree diameter data recorded equivalent to breast height indicate a forest of mixed age. These data would appear to suggest that some lepidodendrids employing a polycarpic reproductive strategy were better able to cross the ecological barrier imposed between peat and clastic substrates. Foliar compressions indicate that an understory or stand of Psaronius type tree ferns co-existed with the lepidodendrids on clastic substrates, which developed as incipient gleysol soils. The entombment of the forest can be ascribed to its distributary coastal setting, local subsidence and a seasonal climate that fostered wildfire and increased sedimentation.

Calder, J.H.; Gibling, M.R.; Eble, C.F.; Scott, A.C.; MacNeil, D.J.

1996-01-01

278

Fog and rainwater composition in rural SE Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to determine if pollutants from the Wollongong-Sydney-Newcastle industrial area in southeastern Australia can be transported northwards, affecting precipitation quality to the north, a preliminary study of fog and rainwater quality was carried out from January to April 1989. Samples were collected from two sites in the state of New South Wales, one in the Barrington Tops and the

David Post; Howard A. Bridgman; G. P. Ayers

1991-01-01

279

Iodine Deficiency in Australia: Be Alarmed. Opinions & Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Iodine deficiency, the leading preventable cause of intellectual impairment in the world (World Health Organization, 1999), has reappeared in Australia. Recently, we identified the re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Sydney (Gunton, Hams, Fiegert & McElduff, 1999). This has been confirmed locally (Li, Ma, Boyages & Eastman, 2001) and…

McElduff, Aidan; Beange, Helen

2004-01-01

280

Australian identity, the press and major international sporting events : a study of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games held in Australia since 1956  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores links between perceptions of Australian identity and the national press reporting of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games staged in Australia: the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games, the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, the 1982 Brisbane Commonwealth Games, and the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. When Australia plays host to the world or Commonwcalth of Nations it is

Rachel Payne

2007-01-01

281

Comparison of the Coe Thellier Thellier and microwave palaeointensity techniques using high-titanium titanomagnetites: results from a Tertiary basaltic intrusion from the Sydney Basin, New South Wales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conventional Thellier and microwave (MW) palaeointensity experiments, accompanied by rock magnetic tests, were conducted on samples from an early Tertiary (ca. 49 Ma) basaltic intrusion [the Peats Ridge (PR) basalt] from the Sydney Basin. Thermomagnetic and low-temperature susceptibility measurements suggest that the dominant magnetic mineral is Ti-enriched titanomagnetite (˜TM65-TM50) and hysteresis results indicate that the majority of samples exhibit PSD-like behaviour. Some samples show evidence of alteration, during laboratory heating, but only at temperatures in excess of 400 °C. No alteration is observed in the dominant temperature range (~70-300 °C) used for calculation of palaeointensities. Stepwise thermal demagnetisation studies reveal single component (after removal of a small viscous), reverse polarity magnetisations in all samples, with a mean characteristic remanence (ChRM) direction of D/I=197°/+60° ( ?95=5°, k=62). Coe-Thellier-Thellier (CTT) experiments yielded a high success rate, with 68% of samples conforming to standard acceptance criteria. Microwave (MW) palaeointensity experiments, predominantly using the perpendicular applied field technique, produced a greater success rate of 82%. Mean palaeointensities of 27.1±4.4 ?T ( N=21) and 27.4±4.0 ?T ( N=28) were obtained from the CTT and MW techniques, respectively. These means could not be distinguished statistically, and the respective quality indicators were similar. These results suggest that the new microwave technique for calculating palaeointensities is, in this case, equivalent to the well-established CTT technique. This is an intuitive outcome, given that rock magnetic analyses suggest that alteration does not occur below the Curie temperature of the samples. Our results therefore provide a positive test for the equivalence of the MW and CTT techniques. The Virtual Dipole Moment (VDM) value for the intrusion is 4.7±0.7×10 22 Am 2, suggesting that the dipole field was approximately 59% of the present day value at ca. 49 Ma. This provides a valuable data point from the Southern Hemisphere, for a sparsely covered time period in the global palaeointensity database.

Thomas, D. Neil; Hill, Mimi J.; Garcia, Alexander S.

2004-12-01

282

The University of Sydney UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY COMMUNICATIONS CABLING STANDARD  

E-print Network

.edu.au/ict/university-cabling-standards.shtml This document is protected by Australian copyright law and the law of confidentiality and the comparable laws .............................................................................................................6 1.5 OWNERSHIP) ..............................................................................................10 1.13 BUILDING CODES AND ROOM NUMBERS

Viglas, Anastasios

283

Sydney Catchment Authority Managing Biodiversity in the Sydney Water  

E-print Network

Authority Julia Reed CRC Freshwater Ecology Simon Williams Dep't Land and Water Conservation Don Yates Dep't Land and Water Conservation Technical Report 9/2000 Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology · Department of Land and Water Conservation, NSW · Department of Natural Resources, Queensland · Department

Canberra, University of

284

MEASUREMENT OF THE RADIOACTIVITY OF THE AIR DURING A SEA VOYAGE TO AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A filter paper collection method was used to measure the natural and ; artifical radioactivity of air during a voyage of ''T.S.-Leipzig'' from Europe to ; Australia during the months Sept. I956 through Jan. 1957. The mean ; concentration of fission products was 3 6 x 10⁻¹² was observed in Sydney 3 ; days after an atomic bomb had been

Skorka

1958-01-01

285

Creating a Place to "Be": Unpacking the Facilitation Role in Three Supported Playgroups in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supported playgroups are a service model used widely in Australia with the dual focus of providing stimulating early childhood environments for children and supportive environments for parents. This article describes research findings from a recent doctoral study that explored three supported playgroups in western Sydney. In particular it focuses…

Jackson, Dianne

2013-01-01

286

Managing invasive carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) for habitat enhancement at Botany Wetlands, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia, the carp Cyprinus carpio L. is regarded as a threat to the native fish and the aquatic environment. In recent years, Botany Wetlands, a significant coastal wetland in the Sydney region, has been invaded by the undesirable cyprinids, carp and goldfish (Carrasius auratus L.). 2. In 1996 a cyprinid removal programme commenced at Botany Wetlands with the objective

L. Pinto; N. Chandrasena; J. Pera; P. Hawkins; D. Eccles; R. Sim

2005-01-01

287

The Source of Anthropogenic Heavy Metals in Fluvial Sediments of a Rural Catchment: Coxs River, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A serious health scare involving thesupply of drinking water to Sydney, Australia hasrecently focussed attention on the environmentalstatus of river catchments of the main reservoir, LakeBurragorang. Although the Coxs River – a majorcatchment of Lake Burragorang – comprises mainlyforests and grazing land, it supports a moderate sizedtown, power stations and coal mines. The heavy metal content of stream-bed sedimentscharacterises environmental

Gavin Birch; Made Siaka; Christopher Owens

2001-01-01

288

Isolation and characterisation of an H3N8 equine influenza virus in Australia, 2007.  

PubMed

Before 2007, equine influenza had never been diagnosed in Australia. On 22 August 2007, infection was confirmed in horses at Eastern Creek Animal Quarantine Station near Sydney. The virus subsequently isolated (A/equine/Sydney/2888-8/2007) was confirmed by sequence analysis of the haemagglutinin (HA) gene as an H3 virus of the variant American Florida lineage that is now referred to as Clade 1. The HA sequence of the virus was identical to that of a virus isolated from a contemporaneous outbreak in Japan and showed high homology to viruses circulating in North America. PMID:21711282

Watson, J; Halpin, K; Selleck, P; Axell, A; Bruce, K; Hansson, E; Hammond, J; Daniels, P; Jeggo, M

2011-07-01

289

Age of FS66 Kimberlite Beneath Murray Basin, South Australia: Laser Ablation ICP-MS Dating of Kimberlitic Zircon, Perovskite,  

E-print Network

Grains of zircon, perovskite and rutile (0.3-1.0mm in size) have been recovered from a deeply buried kimberlite in South Australia. U-Pb ages of these grains have been determined using in situ LAM-ICPMS techniques at GEMOC, Macquarie University, Sydney. The kimberlitic pipe, designated FS66, is

Rutile; Steven A. Cooper; Elena A. Belousova; W. L. Griffin; Brian J. Morris

290

Patterns of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Associated with Major Depression among Gay Men Attending General Practices in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our aim was to clarify the role of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use in major depression among gay men attending general medical practices. A secondary analysis was conducted on survey data collected from 531 gay men attending high-HIV-caseload general practices in Adelaide and Sydney, Australia. The survey contained demographic, social,…

Holt, Martin; Bryant, Joanne; Newman, Christy E.; Paquette, Dana M.; Mao, Limin; Kidd, Michael R.; Saltman, Deborah C.; Kippax, Susan C.

2012-01-01

291

SEROLOGIC SURVEY FOR TOXOPLASMA GONDII AND NEOSPORA CANINUM IN THE COMMON BRUSHTAIL POSSOM (TRICHOSURUS VULPECULA) FROM URBAN SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) has well adapted to increasing urbanization resulting in greater interaction with humans and their domestic pets. Wildlife species in urban areas face a higher risk of exposure to zoonotic pathogens and may be affected by parasites hosted by cats (...

292

In Proceedings of APSEC 2010 Cloud Workshop, Sydney, Australia, 30th An Analysis of The Cloud Computing Security Problem  

E-print Network

of The Cloud Computing Security Problem Mohamed Al Morsy, John Grundy and Ingo Müller Computer Science solution. Keywords: cloud computing; cloud computing security; cloud computing security management. I problems in the cloud computing model. From the cloud consumers' perspective, security is the major concern

Grundy, John

293

A field study of thermal comfort in outdoor and semi-outdoor environments in subtropical Sydney Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the absence of empirical outdoor thermal comfort studies it has been widely assumed that indoor thermal comfort theory generalises to outdoor settings without modification. Many indoor models were developed to describe thermal discomfort, not stress, therefore their relevance to conditions that vary greatly from neutrality, as many outdoor climatic conditions do, has not been critically validated in the field

Jennifer Spagnolo; Richard de Dear

2003-01-01

294

Joy, Exercise, Enjoyment, Getting out: A Qualitative Study of Older People's Experience of Cycling in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Cycling can be an enjoyable way to meet physical activity recommendations and is suitable for older people; however cycling participation by older Australians is low. This qualitative study explored motivators, enablers, and barriers to cycling among older people through an age-targeted cycling promotion program. Methods. Seventeen adults who aged 50–75 years participated in a 12-week cycling promotion program which included a cycling skills course, mentor, and resource pack. Semistructured interviews at the beginning and end of the program explored motivators, enablers, and barriers to cycling. Results. Fitness and recreation were the primary motivators for cycling. The biggest barrier was fear of cars and traffic, and the cycling skills course was the most important enabler for improving participants' confidence. Reported outcomes from cycling included improved quality of life (better mental health, social benefit, and empowerment) and improved physical health. Conclusions. A simple cycling program increased cycling participation among older people. This work confirms the importance of improving confidence in this age group through a skills course, mentors, and maps and highlights additional strategies for promoting cycling, such as ongoing improvement to infrastructure and advertising. PMID:23864869

Passmore, Erin; Mason, Chloe; Rissel, Chris

2013-01-01

295

Responses of community to the possible use of recycled water for washing machines: A case study in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recycled water is a valuable resource that has potential to free up potable water supplies and recharge systems while improving the environment. Recycled water for washing machine could be one of the options as new end use of recycled water to alleviate the demand on existing and limited water supplies. This paper summarizes the findings of a research survey in

Thi Thu Nga Pham; Huu Hao Ngo; Wenshan Guo; Ho Phuong Dung Dang; Bandita Mainali; Archie Johnston; Andrzej Listowski

2011-01-01

296

In Proc. of IEEE Globecom'98, Sydney, Australia, November 812, 1998 AN APPROACH TO PRICING AND RESOURCE SHARING  

E-print Network

) in order to achieve economically fair resource sharing. Experiments demonstrate how our approach can dif traffic services must find a simple way to reason about resource usage and fairness, in order to charge users. Defining such a measure is not obvious, since different users value the quality of a network

Siris, Vasilios A.

297

The sport participation legacy of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games and other international sporting events hosted in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The legacy of an Olympic Games in a host city or country can take a variety of forms, including non-sporting benefits, such as enhanced urban infrastructure and national and international tourism profile, and sporting benefits, such as improved sporting facilities, strengthened sports organisations and potential increases in grassroots sport participation. This paper concentrates on the last of these, particularly in

A. J. Veal; Kristine Toohey; Stephen Frawley

2012-01-01

298

THE INTRACONTINENTAL BASINS (ICONS) ATLAS APPLICATIONS IN EASTERN AUSTRALIA PESA Eastern Australasian Basins Symposium III Sydney, 1417 September, 2008 275  

E-print Network

contain more sediments than can be accounted for using conventional basin modeling approaches (Norton Technology (GET GME), Drammensveien 264, N-0264 Oslo, Norway chhei@statoilhydro.com Abstract We have used of intracontinental basins (ICONS atlas), using freely available global and regional datasets. Firstly, we are trying

Müller, Dietmar

299

The UniversiTy of new soUTh wales | sydney | aUsTralia Research Strength  

E-print Network

Drug and alcohol research centre centre for International finance and regulation affiliated institutes for Vascular research clive & Vera ramaciotti centre for gene function analysis Dementia collaborative

New South Wales, University of

300

Asymptotic fields for dynamic crack growth in non-associative pressure sensitive materials  

E-print Network

, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering J07, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia c MEEM, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering J07, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. E

Qin, Qinghua

301

A mid-shelf, mean wave direction climatology for southeastern Australia, and its relationship to the El Niño - Southern Oscillation since 1878 A.D.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coastal systems behave on timescales from days to centuries. Shelf and coastal wave climatological data from the Tasman Sea are only available for the past few decades. Hence, the records are too short to investigate inter- and multidecadal variability and their impact on coastal systems. A method is presented to hindcast monthly mid-shelf mean wave direction (MWD) for southeastern Australia, based on the monthly, trans-Tasman mean sea-level pressure (MSLP) difference between northern NSW (Yamba) and the north island of New Zealand (Auckland). The MSLP index is calibrated to instrumental (Waverider buoy) MWD data for the Sydney shelf and coast. Positive/negative trans-Tasman MSLP difference is significantly correlated to southerly/easterly Sydney MWD, and to long/short mean wave periods. The 124-year Sydney annual (MWD) time series displays multidecadal variability, and identifies a significant period of more southerly annual MWD during 1884 to 1914 than in the period since 1915. The Sydney MWD is significantly correlated to the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI). The correlation with the SOI is enhanced during periods when the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) is in its negative state and warm SST anomalies occur in the southwest Pacific region. The Sydney MWD was found to be associated with Pacific basin-wide climate fluctuations associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Southerly/easterly Sydney MWD is correlated with low/high MSLP anomalies over New Zealand and the central Pacific Ocean. Southerly/easterly Sydney MWD is also correlated with cool/warm SST anomalies in the southwest Pacific, particularly in the eastern Coral Sea and Tasman Sea. Copyright

Goodwin, Ian D.

2005-11-01

302

An automated, broad-based, near real-time public health surveillance system using presentations to hospital Emergency Departments in New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In a climate of concern over bioterrorism threats and emergent diseases, public health authorities are trialling more timely surveillance systems. The 2003 Rugby World Cup (RWC) provided an opportunity to test the viability of a near real-time syndromic surveillance system in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. We describe the development and early results of this largely automated system that used data

David J Muscatello; Tim Churches; Jill Kaldor; Wei Zheng; Clayton Chiu; Patricia Correll; Louisa Jorm

2005-01-01

303

Starting School in Australia Is "a Bit Safer, a Lot Easier and More Relaxing": Issues for Families and Children from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this paper investigated the needs and concerns identified by parents from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds as their children started school in Sydney, Australia. Six groups of parents from Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Samoan, Turkish and Vietnamese language backgrounds were interviewed about what was…

Dockett, Sue; Perry, Bob

2005-01-01

304

Was an increase in cocaine use among injecting drug users in New South Wales, Australia, accompanied by an increase in violent crime?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A sharp reduction in heroin supply in Australia in 2001 was followed by a large but transient increase in cocaine use among injecting drug users (IDU) in Sydney. This paper assesses whether the increase in cocaine use among IDU was accompanied by increased rates of violent crime as occurred in the United States in the 1980s. Specifically, the paper

Louisa Degenhardt; Carolyn Day; Wayne Hall; Elizabeth Conroy; Stuart Gilmour

2005-01-01

305

Geothermal development in Australia  

SciTech Connect

In Australia, natural hot springs and hot artesian bores have been developed for recreational and therapeutic purposes. A district heating system at Portland, in the Otway Basin of western Victoria, has provided uninterrupted service for 12 Sears without significant problems, is servicing a building area of 18 990 m{sup 2}, and has prospects of expansion to manufacturing uses. A geothermal well has provided hot water for paper manufacture at Traralgon, in the Gippsland Basin of eastern Victoria. Power production from hot water aquifers was tested at Mulka in South Australia, and is undergoing a four-year production trial at Birdsville in Queensland. An important Hot Dry Rock resource has been confirmed in the Cooper Basin. It has been proposed to build an HDR experimental facility to test power production from deep conductive resources in the Sydney Basin near Muswellbrook.

Burns, K.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Creelman, R.A. [Creelman (R.A.) and Associates, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Buckingham, N.W. [Glenelg Shire Council, Portland, VIC (Australia); Harrington, H.J. [Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)]|[Sydney Univ., NSW (Australia)

1995-03-01

306

Geothermal development in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Australia, natural hot springs and hot artesian bores have been developed for recreational and therapeutic purposes. A district heating system at Portland, in the Otway Basin of western Victoria, has provided uninterrupted service for 12 Sears without significant problems, is servicing a building area of 18 990 sq m, and has prospects of expansion to manufacturing uses. A geothermal well has provided hot water for paper manufacture at Traralgon, in the Gippsland Basin of eastern Victoria. Power production from hot water aquifers was tested at Mulka in South Australia, and is undergoing a four-year production trial at Birdsville in Queensland. An important Hot Dry Rock resource has been confirmed in the Cooper Basin. It has been proposed to build an HDR experimental facility to test power production from deep conductive resources in the Sydney Basin near Muswellbrook.

Burns, K. L.; Creelman, R. A.; Buckingham, N. W.; Harrington, H. J.

307

The sydney playground project: popping the bubblewrap - unleashing the power of play: a cluster randomized controlled trial of a primary school playground-based intervention aiming to increase children's physical activity and social skills  

PubMed Central

Background In the Westernised world, numerous children are overweight and have problems with bullying and mental health. One of the underlying causes for all three is postulated to be a decrease in outdoor free play. The aim of the Sydney Playground Project is to demonstrate the effectiveness of two simple interventions aimed to increase children's physical activity and social skills. Methods/Design This study protocol describes the design of a 3-year cluster randomised controlled trial (CRCT), in which schools are the clusters. The study consists of a 13-week intervention and 1 week each of pre-and post-testing. We are recruiting 12 schools (6 control; 6 intervention), with 18 randomly chosen participants aged 5 to 7 years in each school. The two intervention strategies are: (1) Child-based intervention: Unstructured materials with no obvious play value introduced to the playground; and (2) Adult-based intervention: Risk reframing sessions held with parents and teachers with the aim of exploring the benefits of allowing children to engage in activities with uncertain outcomes. The primary outcome of the study, physical activity as measured by accelerometer counts, is assessed at baseline and post-intervention. Additional assessments include social skills and interactions, self-concept, after school time use and anthropometric data. Qualitative data (i.e., transcriptions of audio recordings from the risk reframing sessions and of interviews with selected teacher and parent volunteers) are analysed to understand their perceptions of risk in play. The control schools have recess as usual. In addition to outcome evaluation, regular process evaluation sessions are held to monitor fidelity to the treatment. Discussion These simple interventions, which could be adopted in every primary school, have the potential of initiating a self-sustaining cycle of prevention for childhood obesity, bullying and mental ill health. Trial registration Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registration Number ACTRN12611000089932. PMID:21884603

2011-01-01

308

The multipurpose time-of-flight neutron reflectometer “Platypus” at Australia's OPAL reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this manuscript we describe the major components of the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer at the 20MW OPAL reactor in Sydney, Australia. Platypus is a multipurpose spectrometer for the characterisation of solid thin films, materials adsorbed at the solid–liquid interface and free-liquid surfaces. It also has the capacity to study magnetic thin films using spin-polarised neutrons. Platypus utilises a white

M. James; A. Nelson; S. A. Holt; T. Saerbeck; W. A. Hamilton; F. Klose

2011-01-01

309

Sharing beliefs: What sexuality means to Muslim Iranian women living in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Iran, women's sexual self?understandings are strongly determined by religious teaching. This study explores the meanings generated through the lived experience of sexuality of women residing in Australia that may challenge certain received Islamic notions of sexuality. Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 51 Iranian women in Sydney alongside 10 semi?structured interviews with Shi'ite clergy in Iran. Findings

Effat Merghati Khoei; Anna Whelan; Jeffrey Cohen

2008-01-01

310

Earth Interactions 1 The Opening of the Tasman Sea: A Gravity  

E-print Network

of Geosciences, Division of Geology and Geophysics, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia E-mail: carmen, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia E-mail: dietmar@es.su.oz.au P. Symonds, Australian Geological Survey of Geology and Geo- physics, David Edgeworth Building, F05, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. #12

Müller, Dietmar

311

Concordance between urinalysis results and self-reported drug use by applicants for methadone maintenance in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined concordance between self-reported drug use and urinalysis data among 341 applicants for methadone treatment in Sydney, Australia. Rates of under-reporting of use of specific drugs were low (0% to 10%). Irregular drug use, short half-life of some abused drugs, and relatively low sensitivity of the TLC assay procedure led to most detected drugs being found in only

Erol Digiusto; Veronica Seres; Adrian Bibby; Robert Batey

1996-01-01

312

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL  

E-print Network

and properties of differing ship types are reviewed, and the ship lifecycle ­ from building to scrapping ­ is presented in the context of world market conditions. The fundamentals of ship ownership, financing, chartering, insurance, and the role of protection and indemnity insurance clubs are conveyed, as are ship

Viglas, Anastasios

313

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY HONOURS AT GRADUATION,  

E-print Network

and lead change. And our story is ongoing. We congratulate the next generation, our 2012 honour roll Wallis ML Walpole DJ Walpole KM Walz AME Wang L Wang M Wang W Wang Z Ward DA Warner M Watson EE Wells JGB

Viglas, Anastasios

314

Adams, Walter Sydney (1876-1956)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Born in Antioch, Syria, to American missionary parents, he worked under GEORGE HALE at Yerkes Observatory at the University of Chicago, accompanying Hale to California to set up the Mount Wilson Observatory, and becoming its director on Hale's retirement. He helped design the 200 in telescope for Mount Palomar Observatory. His method of spectroscopic parallaxes, a technique using spectra to

P. Murdin

2000-01-01

315

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL  

E-print Network

appraisal, as well as traffic and mobility management. As well as providing a theoretical grounding congested road systems and concerns about environmental pollution, transport and mobility are becoming transportation system. As such, the demand for transport planners, transport policy makers and traffic managers

Viglas, Anastasios

316

Relative importance of natural and anthropogenic influences on the fresh surface water chemistry of the Hawkesbury–Nepean River, south-eastern Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fresh surface waters from the Hawkesbury–Nepean River, the major river supplying water to the Sydney region in south-eastern Australia, were sampled monthly during 1991 and analysed for major ions (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cl, SO4 and HCO3), nutrients (NO3 and PO4), organic carbon and trace metals (Al, Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Ni, Co and Mn). The chemical composition of

Scott J Markich; Paul L Brown

1998-01-01

317

Smoke Blankets New South Wales, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Australia's largest city of Sydney was clouded with smoke when more than 70 wildfires raged across the state of New South Wales. These images were captured on the morning of December 30, 2001, by the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. The left-hand image is from the instrument's 26-degree forward-viewing camera, and the right-hand image is from the 60-degree forward-viewing camera. The vast extent of smoke from numerous fires is visible, particularly in the more oblique view. Sydney is located just above image center.

Dubbed the 'black Christmas' fires, the blazes destroyed more than 150 homes and blackened over 5000 square kilometers (about 1.24 million acres) of farmland and wilderness between December 23, 2001 and January 3, 2002. Many of the fires are believed to have been caused by arsonists, with only one fire linked to natural causes. The fires were aggravated by gusty winds and hot dry weather conditions. Approximately 20,000 people have worked to contain the blazes. No people have lost their lives or been seriously injured. Nevertheless, the fires are considered to be the most prolonged and destructive of any in Australia since the Ash Wednesday conflagration of 1983 that claimed 72 lives.

The images represent an area 322 kilometers x 374 kilometers and were captured during Terra orbit 10829.

2002-01-01

318

Antibodies to the Ross River virus in captive marsupials in urban areas of eastern New South Wales, Australia.  

PubMed

Serum samples collected from 224 tammar wallabies (Macropus eugenii) in two captive populations in urban areas in eastern New South Wales Australia, between December 1999 and May 2004, were tested for antibodies to Ross River virus (RRV). In one population in northwest Sydney, 21 animals (11%) tested positive, and in another population in Newcastle, New South Wales, thirteen (33%) of the animals were positive. Antibodies were detected in four of 11 wallaroos (Macropus robustus) (36%) but not in parma wallabies (Macropus parma) (n=5), koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) (n=12) and southern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) (n=2) from the Sydney area. These data support the possible role of marsupials as urban amplifying hosts for RRV. PMID:16244073

Old, Julie M; Deane, Elizabeth M

2005-07-01

319

Eighth World Congress of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine, 28 October1 November 2001, Sydney, Australia: Harm minimization and effective risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 8th World Congress saw the presentation of several late-breaking findings, such as the role of insulin in reducing mortality, and technologies such as vital microscopy. There were heated debates for and against the role of gastric tonometry, enteral nutrition, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, the question of 'closed' or 'open' intensive care units, and several others. The overall message was the

Naresh Ramakrishnan

2002-01-01

320

The use of vintage surficial sediment data and sedimentary cores to determine past and future trends in estuarine metal contamination (Sydney estuary, Australia).  

PubMed

The objectives of the present investigation were to determine past trends in sediment contamination and possibly predict future trends. Multiple vintages of surficial sediment metal data, from a quasi-decadal 'Status and Trends' programme, were used to provide large-scale spatial information on current status and temporal change. This information was augmented by sediment cores, specifically located to verify surface sediment data and to determine trends at major points of stormwater discharge. The data obtained indicate that surficial sediment metal concentrations have declined, since about the early 1990s, in extensive parts of the upper and central estuaries and have increased slightly in the lower estuary, due mainly to a down-estuary shift in industry and urbanisation. Declining surficial sediment metal concentrations is due to a movement of industry out of the catchment, especially from foreshore areas and the introduction of regulation, which prevent pollutants being discharged directly to the estuary. The major present-day source of metals is stormwater, with minor inputs from the main estuary channel into embayments and runoff from previously contaminated mainland sites. Modelled relaxation rates are optimistic as high metal concentrations in stormwater will slow predicted rates. Stormwater remediation should be the main managerial focus for this estuary. Multiple vintages of surficial sediment metal data covering the past 30 years, supplemented by sedimentary core data, have allowed past and future contamination trends to be determined. This type of science-based information provides an important tool for strategic management of this iconic waterway. PMID:23570910

Birch, G F; Chang, C-H; Lee, J-H; Churchill, L J

2013-06-01

321

Accepted for the 40th International Conference on Technology of Object-Oriented Languages and Systems Sydney, Australia, February 18-21, 2002, pp. 13-21  

E-print Network

engineer a class diagram from the C + + source code representa- tion of the software. In Reveal, we remain to three other tools that reverse-engineer class diagrams, for both compliance to the UML standard of user requirements, class diagrams to visualize the design of the software and sequence diagrams to visu

Power, James

322

Time spent playing outdoors after school and its relationship with independent mobility: a cross-sectional survey of children aged 10–12 years in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Time spent outdoors is positively associated with physical activity and has been suggested as a proxy for physical activity of children. The role of children's independence in physical activity and time spent outdoors is less understood. This study aimed to assess how much time children spent playing outdoors after school, and to explore the relationship between outdoor play and

Li Ming Wen; James Kite; Dafna Merom; Chris Rissel

2009-01-01

323

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 173-184.  

E-print Network

BETWEEN VIRTUAL UTOPIAS AND ACTUAL REALITIES CAMERON RICHARDS Queensland University of Technology Brisbane ideal past'. This paper will consider the extent to which the kinds of virtual utopias made possible utopias (and utopian representations in any culture) as merely escapist, self-indulgent fantasy on one

Thomas, Richard C.

324

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 189-192.  

E-print Network

IN ISRAEL MICHAEL DAHAN Department of Political Science The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Israel A recent demonstration in which Internet sites describing the Order of Battle of the Israeli Airforce, Nuclear weapons1 subordinates almost every other aspect of democracy in Israel, versus the ideal of liberal democracy focusing

Thomas, Richard C.

325

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 21-33.  

E-print Network

of electricity, and can be most easily recognized in the work of Nikola Tesla (Cheney, 1981). In the late 1890s Tesla envisioned a world linked by electricity. He proposed the development of a global electrical network to facilitate communication. Tesla believed that anything could be coded into electrical impulses

Thomas, Richard C.

326

GIS-Based Coastal Behavior Modeling and Simulation of Potential Land and Property Loss: Implications of Sea-Level Rise at Collaroy\\/Narrabeen Beach, Sydney (Australia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rising sea level potentially poses a threat to many coastal areas, thereby possibly affecting coastal environments, including human assets. Taking into account the precau--tionary principle demanded at the Framework Convention for Climate Change in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, coastal managers and planners are required to evaluate the possibility of both physical and economic impacts of sea-level rise. However, long-term

WERNER G. HENNECKE; CATHARINA A. GREVE; PETER J. COWELL; BRUCE G. THOM

2004-01-01

327

Proceedings of ICAD 04 -The Tenth International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 Auditory Navigation Performance is Affected by Waypoint Capture Radius  

E-print Network

of the general population, and the increased prevalence of diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration to persons with vision loss, there are whole classes of persons who have normal vision but for whom temporary

328

Proceedings of ICAD 04 -The Tenth International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 Creating Functional and Livable Soundscapes for Peripheral Monitoring  

E-print Network

amounts of data becomes more and more a part of our everyday activities, our technology must evolve of Technology, 654 Cherry Street Atlanta, GA, USA 30332-0170 maunbrad@yahoo.com, bruce in the form of sound. In this study, a system was designed and implemented for dynamically rendering

329

Proceedings of ICAD 04 -The Tenth International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 THE AUDIO ABACUS: REPRESENTING A WIDE RANGE OF VALUES  

E-print Network

information extraction tasks that the listener can perform with the auditory display: trend analysis and point estimation. Trend analysis is the task of determining patterns in the data set over the course of several to be very effective for a great variety of trend analysis tasks, we contend that it is not ideal for point

330

Converging Technologies. Selected Papers from the EdTech '90 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology (Sydney, Australia, July 4-6, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains 30 selected papers and abstracts of six additional papers from the 1990 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology. Titles and authors of the papers are as follows: (1) "Interactive Media into the Millenium" (Clark); (2) "Open Learning Centre Network Project and the Preparatory and Remedial Education…

Hedberg, John G., Ed.; And Others

331

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 1-17.  

E-print Network

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology "Nothing human is alien to me." (Terence, 180-155 BCE) Western Humanists from Montaigne through Marx have technologies manifested by the Internet and the World Wide Web. The `digitarati' (such as Howard Rheingold

Thomas, Richard C.

332

Research in Science Education. Volume 12. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australian Science Education Research Association (13th, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, May 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a selection of science education research papers, beginning with an overview of trends in science education cognitive developmental research and theory in the United Kingdom. Papers that follow focus on developments in studies of thinking and reasoning, including work on concept mapping and conceptual change. Closely…

Rattray-Wood, Laurie, Ed.; Ferguson, Peter, Ed.

1982-01-01

333

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 255-260.  

E-print Network

Interfaces for Multicultural Communities ADRIE STANDER School of Business Informatics Cape Technikon P.O. Box, and it must elicit meaning. The meanings and interpretations of these messages depends on how the participants ability of their children. Lower-class mothers typically use a limited code while middle-class mothers use

Thomas, Richard C.

334

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

335

Appears in Proceedings of the 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, April 2011, Sydney, Australia. JPL Clearance CL#11-0178  

E-print Network

University of Southern California, USA g NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA Correspondence author: steve.chien@jpl.nasa and additional space assets. Keywords: sensorwebs, flooding, hydrology, natural disasters, onboard processing. I] was responsible for over 200 deaths, over $1.67 Billion USD damage, and affected over 7 million people [CNN 2010

Schaffer, Steven

336

The Future of Interpreting & Translation: Keeping in Touch with a Changing World. Proceedings of the Conference (University of Western Sydney, Macarthur, New South Wales, Australia, April 1, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from a conference on translating and interpreting include: "Babel and the Brain" (Philip Grundy); "Simultaneous Interpreting: Its Role in International Conferences" (Yvonne Hu); "The Past, Present and Future of Legal Interpreting/Translating in NSW" (Ludmilla Robinson); "What's In a Name?" (Terry Chesher); "Interpreting and Advocacy" (Colin…

Saunders, George, Ed.; Ginori, Luciano, Comp.

337

The Right to Literacy: The Rhetoric, the Romance, the Reality. ACAL National Conference (Sydney, Australia, October 9-11, 1992). Conference Papers, Vol. 1, Plenary and Keynote Sessions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first of three volumes of the 1992 Australian Council for Adult Literacy (ACAL) Conference Papers includes 10 papers from the plenary and keynote sessions. The theme of "When Basic Skills and Information Processing Just Aren't Enough: Rethinking Reading in New Times" (Allan Luke) is the moral and political consequences of ways of reading.…

Australian Council for Adult Literacy, Victoria.

338

Medicine in colonial Australia, 1788-1900.  

PubMed

For the first five decades of European settlement in Australia, medical care for convicts and free settlers was provided by the Colonial Medical Service. After about 1850, as population and wealth grew markedly, there was significant professional development based on private practice. Except in Victoria, medical societies and journals did not become solidly established until late in the 19th century. The advent of local British Medical Association branches was an important factor in this consolidation. In the first few years of the colony, mortality was very high, but the common childhood infections were absent until the 1830s. From the 1880s, there was a sustained decline in mortality from communicable diseases, and therefore in aggregate mortality, while maternal mortality remained high. Australian practitioners quickly took up advances in practice from overseas, such as antisepsis and diphtheria antitoxin. They shared in the international growth in the status of medicine, which was conferred by the achievements of bacteriology in particular. From 1813, students were apprenticed in Sydney and Hobart and then travelled to Britain to obtain corporate qualifications. Medical schools were ultimately opened in the new universities in Melbourne (in 1862), Sydney (1883) and Adelaide (1885). The first female student was admitted to medicine in Sydney in 1885. Medical politics were intense. The outlawing of practice by unorthodox practitioners proved to be an unattainable goal. In the latter half of the 19th century, doctors saw chemists as unfair competitors for patients. The main medicopolitical struggle was with the mutual-aid friendly societies, which funded basic medical care for a significant proportion of the population until well into the 20th century. The organised profession set out to overcome the power of the lay-controlled societies in imposing an unacceptable contract system on doctors, even if, historically, the guaranteed income was a sine qua non of practice in poorer areas. PMID:25047777

Lewis, Milton J

2014-07-01

339

Volcanic sediments - new reservoir fairways in back-arc basins, eastern Australia  

SciTech Connect

Volcanic rocks and associated lithic sandstones, hitherto thought to be too tight and impermeable, may well form important new reservoirs in the extensive Permian back-arc basins of eastern Australia. Oil and gas production has already been established in these sediments in the Permian Bowen and Surat basins of Queensland with some new discoveries in tuffaceous rocks. Most of these volcanic rocks were derived from andesitic, dacitic, and rhyolitic island-arc complexes that lay to the east or the open paleo-Pacific side of a back-arc depositional area. The sediment in these back-arc areas is composed mainly of sand, conglomerate, and silt, all with low percentages of quartz and derived from the volcanic arc. These sediments are interbedded with 1-5 m thick subbituminous to bituminous coal seams, which have been mined extensively in open-cut and shallow subsurface areas of the Bowen and Sydney basins. Basin analysis, using coal stratigraphy and deep wells in the Sydney basin, has established several potential reservoir fairways controlled by facies distribution of the cleaner sands. The variation in reservoir properties within many new potential fairways can be illustrated for parts of both the Sydney and Surat basins. A combination of better understanding of the reservoir properties of these volcanic sediments combined with better drilling, completion, and stimulation techniques lends credence to the hope that these back-arc provinces may become important new oil and gas basins.

Conolly, J.R.; Ferm, J.C.

1985-02-01

340

Effects of backpacking holidays in Australia on alcohol, tobacco and drug use of UK residents  

PubMed Central

Background Whilst alcohol and drug use among young people is known to escalate during short holidays and working breaks in international nightlife resorts, little empirical data are available on the impact of longer backpacking holidays on substance use. Here we examine changes in alcohol, tobacco and drug use when UK residents go backpacking in Australia. Methods Matched information on alcohol and drug use in Australia and the UK was collected through a cross sectional cohort study of 1008 UK nationals aged 18–35 years, holidaying in Sydney or Cairns, Australia, during 2005. Results The use of alcohol and other drugs by UK backpackers visiting Australia was common with use of illicit drugs being substantially higher than in peers of the same age in their home country. Individuals showed a significant increase in frequency of alcohol consumption in Australia compared to their behaviour in the UK with the proportion drinking five or more times per week rising from 20.7% (UK) to 40.3% (Australia). Relatively few individuals were recruited into drug use in Australia (3.0%, cannabis; 2.7% ecstasy; 0.7%, methamphetamine). However, over half of the sample (55.0%) used at least one illicit drug when backpacking. Risk factors for illicit drug use while backpacking were being regular club goers, being male, Sydney based, travelling without a partner or spouse, having been in Australia more than four weeks, Australia being the only destination on their vacation and drinking or smoking five or more days a week. Conclusion As countries actively seek to attract more international backpacker tourists, interventions must be developed that target this population's risk behaviours. Developing messages on drunkenness and other drug use specifically for backpackers could help minimise their health risks directly (e.g. adverse drug reactions) and indirectly (e.g. accidents and violence) as well as negative impacts on the host country. PMID:17199891

Bellis, Mark A; Hughes, Karen E; Dillon, Paul; Copeland, Jan; Gates, Peter

2007-01-01

341

Supporting a healthy culture: results of the Practice Environment Scale, Australia in a Magnet® designated hospital.  

PubMed

The Magnet Recognition Program® requires evidence that nursing practice environments support staff to provide optimal care, access professional development opportunities, and participate in hospital affairs. The research presented in this article aimed to assess clinical nurses' work environment at a recently designated, private Magnet® hospital in Sydney, Australia. Authors compare results with baseline data collected for a gap analysis before application for recognition. The outcomes challenge previously reported data suggesting that hospitals on the journey to Magnet recognition outperform already designated hospitals in this respect. PMID:25393142

Walker, Kim; Fitzgerald, Katherine; Duff, Jed

2014-12-01

342

Australia  

SciTech Connect

During 1980, exploration and development drilling activity in Australia continued as in 1979 at a very significant pace relative to previous years. The states with the greater amounts of activity were Queensland, South Australia, and Western Australia. In Australia overall, there were 67 exploration wells and 59 development wells drilled and/or commenced in 1980. Significant discoveries were made in Queensland, South Australia, and Western Australia. Perhaps the most significant geological development is the continued confirmation of oil and gas in Jurassic strata over a broad area in the Cooper basin of South Australia. Natural gas production increased 12.6% in 1979 relative to 1980, to 10,674.43 million m/sup 3/. Oil production in 1980 decreased 12.9% relative to 1979, by 3,158,865 m/sup 3/ to 21,316,813 m/sup 3/, or an average production of about 350,413 barrels per day. 8 figures, 4 tables.

Durkee, E.

1981-10-01

343

The 2007 outbreak of equine influenza in Australia: lessons learned for international trade in horses.  

PubMed

In August 2007 Australia experienced its first outbreak of equine influenza. The disease occurred first in a quarantine station for imported horses near Sydney and subsequently escaped into the general horse population. After an extensive campaign the disease was eradicated and Australia is again recognised as free of this disease. Equine influenza was then, and is now, recognised to be the major disease risk associated with live horse imports into Australia and measures designed to mitigate this risk formed the basis of the quarantine protocols then in place. Subsequent investigations into the cause of the outbreak identified failures in compliance with these quarantine requirements as a contributing factor. It is also likely that the immunity of horses vaccinated as part of the import protocol was less than optimal, and that this had a significant role to play in the escape of the disease from quarantine. PMID:21809755

Watson, J; Daniels, P; Kirkland, P; Carroll, A; Jeggo, M

2011-04-01

344

A Structured Peer-to-Peer Method to Discover QoS Enhanced Alternate Thierry Rakotoarivelo 1,2,3  

E-print Network

,2,3 , Patrick Senac 2,3 , Aruna Seneviratne 4 , Michel Diaz 3 1 University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia diaz@laas.fr 4 National ICT Australia (NICTA), Sydney Australia aruna.seneviratne@nicta.com.au Abstract

Rakotoarivelo, Thierry

345

A Super-Peer based Method to Discover QoS Enhanced Alternate Paths  

E-print Network

,b,c , Patrick Senac b,c , Aruna Seneviratne d , Michel Diaz c a University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia}@laas.fr d National ICT Australia (NICTA), Sydney, Australia aruna.seneviratne@nicta.com.au Abstract

Rakotoarivelo, Thierry

346

Lipopolysaccharide structures of Helicobacter pylori genomic strains 26695 and J99, mouse model H. pylori Sydney strain, H. pylori P466 carrying sialyl Lewis X, and H. pylori UA915 expressing Lewis B classification of H. pylori lipopolysaccharides into glycotype families.  

PubMed

This study describes the molecular makeup of the cell-wall lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) (O-chain polysaccharide-->core oligosaccharide-->lipid A) from five Helicobacter pylori strains: H. pylori 26695 and J99, the complete genome sequences of which have been published, the established mouse model Sydney strain (SS1), and the symptomatic strains P466 and UA915. All chemical and serological experiments were performed on the intact LPSs. H. pylori 26695 and SS1 possessed either a low-Mr semi-rough-form LPS carrying mostly a single Ley type-2 blood-group determinant in the O-chain region covalently attached to the core oligosaccharide or a high-Mr smooth-form LPS, as did strain J99, with an elongated partially fucosylated type-2 N-acetyllactosamine (polyLacNAc) O-chain polymer, terminated mainly by a Lex blood-group determinant, connected to the core oligosaccharide. In the midst of semi-rough-form LPS glycoforms, H. pylori 26695 and SS1 also expressed in the O-chain region a difucosylated antigen, alpha-L-Fucp(1-3)-alpha-L-Fucp(1-4)-beta-D-GlcpNAc, and the cancer-cell-related type-1 or type-2 linear B-blood-group antigen, alpha-D-Galp(1-3)-beta-D-Galp(1-3 or 4)-beta-D-GlcpNAc. The LPS of H. pylori strain P466 carried the cancer-associated type-2 sialyl Lex blood-group antigen, and the LPS from strain UA915 expressed a type-1 Leb blood-group unit. These findings should aid investigations that focus on identifying and characterizing genes responsible for LPS biosynthesis in genomic strains 26695 and J99, and in understanding the role of H. pylori LPS in animal model studies. The LPSs from the H. pylori strains studied to date were grouped into specific glycotype families. PMID:10632700

Monteiro, M A; Appelmelk, B J; Rasko, D A; Moran, A P; Hynes, S O; MacLean, L L; Chan, K H; Michael, F S; Logan, S M; O'Rourke, J; Lee, A; Taylor, D E; Perry, M B

2000-01-01

347

Scholarships Office Jane Foss Russell Building G02  

E-print Network

1 Scholarships Office Level 5 Jane Foss Russell Building G02 The University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia T +61 2 8627 8112 F +61 2 8627 8485 E research.training@sydney.edu.au http://www.sydney.edu.au/scholarships/research/ ABN 15 211 513 464 CRICOS 00026A Website: http://www.sydney.edu.au/scholarships/research/ Opening

Du, Jie

348

Characterisation of the major dust storm that traversed over eastern Australia in September 2009; a multidisciplinary approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In September 2009, a major dust storm passed over the southeast coast of Australia and covered the large city of Sydney that is located on the eastern coast of Australia. It was referred to as the 'Red Dawn' event. Along its course across the state of New South Wales, the dust plume passed over Canberra, the capital of Australia located some 300 km from Sydney. In this study we identified the sources of the dust and tracked the progression of the dust storm using satellite imagery. We also examined the meteorological conditions that led to the formation of the dust plume. We also investigated the microbial and lipid composition, grain-size distribution, pollen content and geochemical composition of several samples of the dust that fell in Canberra (called 'Canberra dust'), with particular attention paid to the ratio of some rare earth elements as well as strontium and neodymium isotopes. This was done to identify a geochemical and palynological 'fingerprint' of this dust to determine the source of the material. Collectively, the meteorological and fingerprinting analyses identified the principal location of dust entrainment as between the large playa Lakes Gairdner and Torrens in arid South Australia, some 1600 km away from Canberra. We also determined through Sr isotope analyses and other elements measured in the dust that fell in Canberra and the township of Eden, located south of Sydney, that the dust changed composition slightly over a few hours, being the consequence of local dust entrainment along the path of the dust plume across South Australia and New South Wales. In addition, we present a scenario which explains dust transport away from the direction of the major dust plume. Those investigations carried out on the Canberra dust are compared with a previously documented event when dust was also sampled in Canberra in 2002. The origin and composition of the 2002 dust plume was clearly different from that which occurred in 2009, as demonstrated by the different chemical (organic and inorganic) composition, grain-size characteristics and palynological fingerprints, as well as microbial composition.

De Deckker, Patrick; Munday, Chris I.; Brocks, Jochen; O'Loingsigh, Tadhg; Allison, Gwen E.; Hope, Janet; Norman, Marc; Stuut, Jan-Berend W.; Tapper, Nigel J.; van der Kaars, Sander

2014-12-01

349

Computational Design of an Gliadin Peptidase Sydney R. Gordon,,  

E-print Network

that are the proposed cause of celiac disease. The engineered enzyme exhibits a kcat/KM of 568 M-1 s-1 , representing% of an immunogenic peptide implicated in celiac disease in under an hour. Thus, through identification of a natural for celiac disease. INTRODUCTION The application of computational protein design tools has been demonstrated

Baker, David

350

SYDNEY COLLEGE OF THE ARTS St JAMES CAMPUS  

E-print Network

­49 people seating 50­85 people Faculty Formal Teaching Space--Computer Laboratories SMS 20 PHARM 30 PHARM 27 ARTS 42 PHARM 27 PHARM 39 ARTS 32 HS 30 HS 24 HS 10 HS 19 HS 10 SCI 10 SCI 10SCI 21 ARTS 22 LAW 31 PHARM 14 PHARM 10 SCI 10 EDU 20 ARTS 20 ARTS 19 PHARM 13 PHARM 20 PHARM 21 PHARM 8 PHARM 16 PHARM 14

Viglas, Anastasios

351

Supporting refugee students in school education in Greater Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rarely do refugee students entering Australian schools possess the multiple forms of social, linguistic and cultural capital that are taken for granted in mainstream classrooms. While refugees of high-school age are assisted initially through Intensive English Centres (IECs), the transition from IECs to mainstream classrooms presents substantial challenges. This paper outlines the perceived impacts of a partnership program known as

Tania Ferfolja; Margaret Vickers

2010-01-01

352

Helicopter medical retrieval in Sydney, New South Wales.  

PubMed

Undoubtedly the main attraction of this job is the interest of never knowing what will happen next! Primary response to an MVA allows one to experience the atmosphere and deal with clinical situations in an alien setting. This broadens ones perspective and has taught me never to be tempted to criticise a paramedic bringing a patient into a resus room. The same is true of interhospital transfers where tact and diplomacy can be tested as well as clinical skills. On the negative side the unpredictability can be difficult domestically (a primary at 17555 means you will be at least two hours late home) and there can be long and dull days when nothing happens. A lot of time is spent transporting post arrest patients from one hospital to another to find an ICU bed. In military medicine it is difficult to envisage a future conflict when severely injured casualties would not require transport both locally and over long distances. This job provides an ideal opportunity to become confident with transporting critically ill patients. PMID:11346929

Mellor, A J

2000-01-01

353

UAC 201314 Guide 365 University of Technology, Sydney  

E-print Network

and Health, Pharmacy, and Science, as well as combined degrees that cross discipline areas. Students who in Creative Intelligence and Innovation From 2014, UTS will offer students the opportunity to combine selected degrees with a degree in Creative Intelligence and Innovation. The course introduces the conceptual

New South Wales, University of

354

Who does well after a stroke? The Sydney Stroke Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research addressing positive outcomes one year after stroke has been limited. The sample comprised 125 participants with complete Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scale scores at baseline (?4 months after ischaemic stroke) and at follow-up (1 year later), 31 persons were defined as having a favourable outcome (an MMSE

Adrienne Withall; Henry Brodaty; Annette Altendorf; Perminder S. Sachdev

2009-01-01

355

Development of stable isotope mixing models in ecology - Sydney  

EPA Science Inventory

More than 40 years ago, stable isotope analysis methods used in geochemistry began to be applied to ecological studies. One common application is using mathematical mixing models to sort out the proportional contributions of various sources to a mixture. Examples include contri...

356

The University of Sydney School of Mathematics and Statistics  

E-print Network

Mathematical Society Problem Competition 2008 1. Imagine an analogue watch with the usual hour hand, minute directions? Solution. To clarify the question, the tacit assumptions are that the hands all begin at the 12 o'clock o'clock (in radians), and time in fractions of a day after midnight, then the direction of the hour

Du, Jie

357

A SETI Course at University of Western Sydney Macarthur.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course based on the scientific approach to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Explores the biological and technological aspects of the search and the social implications of possible contact. (Author/CCM)

Bhathal, Ragbir

1999-01-01

358

Using Computers Intelligently in Tertiary Education. A Collection of Papers Presented to the Australian Society for Computers in Learning (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, November 29-December 3, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 63 papers in this collection include two keynote addresses: "Patient Simulation Using Interactive Video: An Application" (Joseph V. Henderson), and "Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Practice Opportunities and Explanatory Models" (Alan Lesgold). The remaining papers are grouped under five topics: (1) Artificial Intelligence, including intelligent…

Barrett, John, Ed.; Hedberg, John, Ed.

359

VET [Vocational Education and Training] Research: Influencing Policy & Practice. Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association (AVETRA) (1st, Sydney, Australia, February 16-17, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings consist of 46 papers on the influence of vocational education and training (VET) research on policy and practice. These papers are grouped into these categories: impact of research; equity in participation; partnerships and stakeholders; practice and practitioners; research and policy; learning, work, and organizations; and VET,…

McIntyre, John, Ed.; Barrett, Mary, Ed.

360

These are the proceedings of the second international workshop on Smart Material Interfaces`(SMI 2013), held in Sydney, Australia on December 13th. This second workshop is held in conjunction  

E-print Network

such as shape, size and color by using certain stimuli (electric or magnetic fields, light, temperature, chemistry, biological engineering, nanotechnology, electrical engineering, textile engineering, and other of `electronic' Origami, the design of smart hair controlled by shape memory alloys, the use of silk

Nijholt, Anton

361

The Right to Literacy: The Rhetoric, the Romance, the Reality. ACAL National Conference (Sydney, Australia, October 9-11, 1992). Conference Papers, Vol. 2, Workshops with a National Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second of three volumes of the 1992 Australian Council for Adult Literacy (ACAL) Conference Papers includes 12 papers from workshops, with a national focus. The "Welcome Speech" (Marie Perrson) is followed by "Literacy: An Ecological View" (David Sless) that shares a view of literacy as an interdependent component in a much larger…

Australian Council for Adult Literacy, Victoria.

362

Sustained outbreak of measles in New South Wales, 2012: risks for measles elimination in Australia  

PubMed Central

Objective On 7 April 2012, a recently returned traveller from Thailand to Australia was confirmed to have measles. An outbreak of measles subsequently occurred in the state of New South Wales, prompting a sustained and coordinated response by public health authorities. The last confirmed case presented on 29 November 2012. This report describes the outbreak and its characteristics. Methods Cases were investigated following Australian protocols, including case interviews and assessment of contacts for post-exposure prophylaxis. Results Of the 168 cases identified, most occurred in south-western and western Sydney (92.9%, n = 156). Notable features of this outbreak were the disproportionately high number of cases in the 10–19-year-old age group (29.2%, n = 49), the overrepresentation among people of Pacific Islander descent (21.4%, n = 36) and acquisition in health-care facilities (21.4%, n = 36). There were no reported cases of encephalitis and no deaths. Discussion: This was the largest outbreak of measles in Australia since 1997. Its occurrence highlights the need to maintain vigilant surveillance systems for early detection and containment of measles cases and to maintain high population immunity to measles through routine childhood immunization. Vaccination campaigns targeting susceptible groups may also be necessary to sustain Australia’s measles elimination status. PMID:25635228

Hope, Kirsty; Clark, Penelope; Nguyen, Oanh; Rosewell, Alexander; Conaty, Stephen

2014-01-01

363

Spatial and temporal distribution and pollution assessment of trace metals in marine sediments in Oyster Bay, NSW, Australia.  

PubMed

The disposal of untreated urban and industrial wastewater has a deleterious effect on both the water and sediment quality of Oyster Bay located in south Sydney, Australia. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the potential pollution of marine sediments in Oyster Bay. The results of metals were compared with adverse biological effect values effect range low (ERL) and effect range median (ERM). Spatial distribution of trace metals was estimated by applying geographic information system. The results indicated that the sediments were polluted with Cu, Zn, As and Pb, which exceeded ERL levels. However, these metals were still below ERM values, and other metals Cr and Ni were below ERL. Moreover, the highest concentrations of metals were around discharge points and in the inner bay. Further, trace metals could be attributed to human activities within the bay as they declined in concentrations with increasing sediment depth. PMID:25432296

Alyazichi, Yasir M; Jones, Brian G; McLean, Errol

2015-01-01

364

Twentieth century toxinology and antivenom development in Australia.  

PubMed

It was not until the last decade of the 19th century that an experimental approach (led by Bancroft in Queensland and Martin in Sydney and Melbourne) brought a higher plane of scientific objectivity to usher in the modern era of Australian toxinology. This Australia era, 1895-1905, coincided with and in some respects was the result of the new knowledge emerging from Europe and the Americas of the therapeutic effects of antitoxins. The subsequent systematic study of Australian venoms and toxins through to the 1930s and beyond, by Tidswell, Fairley, Ross, Kellaway and Cleland, set the foundation for Australia's leading reputation in venom research. As elsewhere, this development was to revolutionise the medical management of those victims who in the past had died in Australia from our venomous and toxic fauna. Morgan, Graydon, Weiner, Lane and Baxter at the Commonwealth Serum Laboratories emphasised the importance of cooperation between those expert at catching and milking the venomous creatures and those developing the antivenoms. Commercial antivenom manufacture began in Australia in 1930 with the tiger snake antivenom. This was followed by other antivenoms for the other important species (1955: taipan; 1956: brown snake; 1958: death adder; 1959: Papuan black snake; 1961: sea snake; 1962: polyvalent) including the first marine antivenoms in the world (1956: stonefish antivenom; 1970: box jellyfish) culminating, in 1980, with the release of the funnel web spider antivenom. More recent activity has focused on veterinary antivenoms and production of new generation human antivenoms for export (CroFab and ViperaTAB). This paper reviews some of the milestones of Australian toxinology, and antivenom development in particular, during the 20th century. PMID:17030053

Winkel, Kenneth D; Mirtschin, Peter; Pearn, John

2006-12-01

365

Disease control during the colonial period in Australia.  

PubMed

The first permanent European settlers of Australia arrived in 1788 to establish a penal colony at Sydney, New South Wales (NSW). As the colony grew and wool production increased, more free settlers and emancipists developed farming in inland Australia. During the 1840s veterinarians commenced arriving in small numbers but they were not closely associated with the development and execution of disease control programs, which was left to lay inspectors of stock. The arrival of William Tyson Kendall and coordinated action with Graham Mitchell led to the establishment of a private veterinary college following the passage of veterinary surgeons legislation in Victoria. From this time, veterinarians came to be appointed to positions formerly occupied by lay inspectors and the veterinary profession was able to take up the role of planning and executing government-led disease control programs. From a colony relying on wool for export to the UK, technical advancements in meat freezing and pasture improvement widened the range and increased the quantity of exported products. Before the advent of veterinary advances, sheep scab was eradicated, a vaccine was developed for anthrax and glanders infection of horses was prevented entry to Australia. Graduates from the Melbourne Veterinary College spread across Australia and in this period a conservative quarantine policy was developed following inaction to control an outbreak of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and the escape of rabbits to form a plague across the continent. Coordinated control of CBPP had to await the next century and advancement of technology increased our understanding of bacteriology and immunity of infectious diseases. Veterinary services were provided to the militia sent by the colonies to the Boer Wars in South Africa 1987-1901 and the veterinarians from Victoria were led by an Australian trained veterinarian. PMID:21696369

Turner, A J

2011-07-01

366

Tracing provenance through the isotope ages of littoral and sedimentary detrital zircon, eastern Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The provenance of detrital zircons in nineteen littoral and sedimentary deposits in eastern Australia is determined in terms of their isotopic ages measured by Sensitive High Resolution Ion MicroProbe (SHRIMP). Principal component analysis of the age data reveals four `age groupings' whose occurrence and distribution have wider implications for regional tectonics and general provenance studies. A 100-175 Ma age grouping is correlated with Jurassic/Cretaceous volcanism along the eastern Australian margin. A 225-350 Ma age grouping is correlated with the New England Orogen. A 350-500 Ma age grouping is correlated with magmatism in the Lachlan Orogen. The ultimate source of the Pacific-Gondwana 500-700 Ma age grouping is enigmatic, but is tentatively identified as a Neoproterozoic orogeny along the eastern Antarctic margin. The geochronology of detrital zircon reveals a strong regional variation along the eastern coast with the Lachlan Orogen age grouping stronger in the south, mixing with the 500-700 Ma age grouping in the central sector, and then a New England Orogen age grouping in the north. The Pacific-Gondwana age grouping on the central coast is derived from the Middle Triassic Hawkesbury Sandstone of the Sydney Basin. This distribution of the Pacific-Gondwana age grouping via the Sydney Basin is one example of how a favourable sedimentary pathway can have greater control over provenance than proximity. The other example occurs with Jurassic/Cretaceous age grains are prominent in the Murray Basin, around 1200 km from the protosource along the eastern margin, but not in sediments now accumulated on that same margin.

Sircombe, Keith N.

1999-03-01

367

Molecular Epidemiology of Imported Cases of Leishmaniasis in Australia from 2008 to 2014  

PubMed Central

Leishmaniasis is a vector borne disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. Human leishmaniasis is not endemic in Australia though imported cases are regularly encountered. This study aimed to provide an update on the molecular epidemiology of imported leishmaniasis in Australia. Of a total of 206 biopsies and bone marrow specimens submitted to St Vincent’s Hospital Sydney for leishmaniasis diagnosis by PCR, 55 were found to be positive for Leishmania DNA. All PCR products were subjected to restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis for identification of the causative species. Five Leishmania species/species complexes were identified with Leishmania tropica being the most common (30/55). Travel or prior residence in a Leishmania endemic region was the most common route of acquisition with ~47% of patients having lived in or travelled to Afghanistan. Cutaneous leishmaniasis was the most common manifestation (94%) with only 3 cases of visceral leishmaniasis and no cases of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis encountered. This report indicates that imported leishmaniasis is becoming increasingly common in Australia due to an increase in global travel and immigration. As such, Australian clinicians must be made aware of this trend and consider leishmaniasis in patients with suspicious symptoms and a history of travel in endemic areas. This study also discusses the recent identification of a unique Leishmania species found in native kangaroos and a potential vector host which could create the opportunity for the establishment of a local transmission cycle within humans. PMID:25734905

Roberts, Tamalee; Barratt, Joel; Sandaradura, Indy; Lee, Rogan; Harkness, John; Marriott, Deborah; Ellis, John; Stark, Damien

2015-01-01

368

Network Analysis and Visualisation Seok-Hee Hong  

E-print Network

Network Analysis and Visualisation Seok-Hee Hong National ICT Australia, School of Information, and encouraging collaborative solutions in this area. 2 Workshop Overview The workshop was chaired by Seok-Hee (University of Sydney, Australia), Seok-Hee Hong (National ICT Australia and University of Sydney, Australia

Hong,Seokhee

369

Toxinology in Australia's colonial era: a chronology and perspective of human envenomation in 19th century Australia.  

PubMed

The medical management of those envenomed by snakes, spiders and poisonous fish in Australia featured extensively in the writings 19th century doctors, expeditioners and anthropologists. Against the background of this introduced medical doctrine there already existed an extensive tradition of Aboriginal medical lore; techniques of heat treatment, suction, incision and the application of plant-derived pharmacological substances featured extensively in the management of envenomed victims. The application of a hair-string or grass-string ligature, suctioning of the bite-site and incision were practised in a variety of combinations. Such evolved independently of and pre-dated such practices, which were promoted extensively by immigrant European doctors in the late 19th century. Pacific scientific toxinology began in the 17th century with Don Diego de Prado y Tovar's 1606 account of ciguatera. By the end of the 19th century more than 30 papers and books had defined the natural history of Australian elapid poisoning. The medical management of snakebite in Australia was the focus of great controversy from 1860 to 1900. Dogmatic claims of the supposed antidote efficacy of intravenous ammonia by Professor G.B. Halford, and that of strychnine by Dr. Augustus Mueller, claimed mainstream medical attention. This era of potential iatrogenic disaster and dogma was brought to a conclusion by the objective experiments of Joseph Lauterer and Thomas Lane Bancroft in 1890 in Brisbane; and by those of C.J. Martin (from 1893) and Frank Tidswell (from 1898), both of Sydney. The modern era of Australian toxinology developed as a direct consequence of Calmette's discovery, in Paris in 1894, of immune serum, which was protective against snakebite. We review the key contributors and discoveries of toxinology in colonial Australia. PMID:16996551

Pearn, John; Winkel, Kenneth D

2006-12-01

370

The historical development of occupational health in Australia: Part I 1788-1970.  

PubMed

In 1788 the British Empire established a penal colony in Sydney Cove. By virtue of their unique demographic, the earliest occupations consisted predominately of convict or prison guard. Initial health hazards included disease, traumatic injury and punishment. Free settlement gradually developed throughout the early to mid 1800s, thus offering new forms of employment with their associated risks. The discovery of commercial gold deposits in 1851, led to a large increase in mining as the predominately dangerous occupation of the late 19th century. Early mining hazards included windlass accidents and flooding, and this was later enhanced by toxic chemicals such as arsenic and mercury. Industrial development occurred throughout the 1900s in Australia. This period was accompanied by increasing interest in worker's health, which later resulted in some pioneering epidemiological research. Overall, history has shown that significant lessons can be learned from the development of occupational health in Australia, many of which may help guide policy formation for the new millennium. PMID:15624355

Smith, Derek R; Leggat, Peter A

2004-12-01

371

Geothermal structure of Australia's east coast basins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The east coast sedimentary basins of Australia formed on an active margin of eastern Gondwana, and constitute an important hydrocarbon resource. The 1600km long Sydney-Gunnedah-Bowen Basin (SGBB) is largest east coast basin system, with thick Permian to Jurassic sedimentary successions overlying Palaeozoic basement rocks. The SGBB has been the focus of renewed geothermal exploration interest, however, the thermal state and geothermal potential of the system is largely unconstrained. Geothermal exploration programs require an accurate estimate of subsurface temperature information, in addition to favourable geology, to make informed decisions on potential targe developments. Primarily temperature information comes from downhole measurements, generally non-equilibrated, which are traditionally extrapolated to depth, however such extrapolation does not take into account variations in geological structure or thermal conductivity. Here we import deep 3D geological models into finite element conduction simulations, using the code Underworld, to calculate the deep thermal structure of the basin system. Underworld allows us to incorporate complex, detailed geological architecture models, incorporating different material properties for different layers, with variable temperature and depth-dependent properties. We adopt a fixed top boundary temperature on a variable topographic surface, and vary the bottom surface boundary condition, to converge of models which satisfy equilibrated downhole temperature measurement constraints. We find coal plays an important role in insulating sedimentary basins. Heat refracts around the coal interval and produces elevated temperatures beneath thick sediments, especially where thick coal intervals are present. This workflow has been formalized into an Underworld geothermal model library, enabling model centric computational workflows. Using the imported model architecture from the geology, data can be continuously updated and added to the system and models quickly re-run to take advantage of the most up to date information. The thermal models we’ve produced for the SGBB are an efficient regional assessment of the geothermal resource potential in this basin system.

Danis, C. R.; O'Neill, C.

2010-12-01

372

Resident's strategy survey on a new end use of recycled water in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of using recycled water for washing machine was introduced as a new end use. As there is a noticeable lack social research in understanding the general public perceptions of this application, the resident's strategy survey was carried out at some selective suburbs in Sydney with demographically based significant differences of general, gender, age, education, and property style and

H. H. Ngo; H. Chuang; W. S. Guo; D. P. Ho; T. T. N. Pham; A. Johnston; R. Lim; A. Listowski

2009-01-01

373

The occurrence of Lymnaea (pseudosuccinea) columella, an intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica, in Australia.  

PubMed

An established population of the eastern North American freshwater snail Lymnaea (Pseudosuccinea) columella Say is reported from Middle Creek and Centennial Park, Sydney. This species is an important intermediate host of the liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica Linné) and its introduction and spread in New Zealand has resulted in an increase in the liver fluke problem in New Zealand. PMID:1200931

Ponder, W F

1975-10-01

374

Combining a Climatic Niche Model of an Invasive Fungus with Its Host Species Distributions to Identify Risks to Natural Assets: Puccinia psidii Sensu Lato in Australia  

PubMed Central

Puccinia psidii sensu lato (s.l.) is an invasive rust fungus threatening a wide range of plant species in the family Myrtaceae. Originating from Central and South America, it has invaded mainland USA and Hawai'i, parts of Asia and Australia. We used CLIMEX to develop a semi-mechanistic global climatic niche model based on new data on the distribution and biology of P. psidii s.l. The model was validated using independent distribution data from recently invaded areas in Australia, China and Japan. We combined this model with distribution data of its potential Myrtaceae host plant species present in Australia to identify areas and ecosystems most at risk. Myrtaceaeous species richness, threatened Myrtaceae and eucalypt plantations within the climatically suitable envelope for P. psidii s.l in Australia were mapped. Globally the model identifies climatically suitable areas for P. psidii s.l. throughout the wet tropics and sub-tropics where moist conditions with moderate temperatures prevail, and also into some cool regions with a mild Mediterranean climate. In Australia, the map of species richness of Myrtaceae within the P. psidii s.l. climatic envelope shows areas where epidemics are hypothetically more likely to be frequent and severe. These hotspots for epidemics are along the eastern coast of New South Wales, including the Sydney Basin, in the Brisbane and Cairns areas in Queensland, and in the coastal region from the south of Bunbury to Esperance in Western Australia. This new climatic niche model for P. psidii s.l. indicates a higher degree of cold tolerance; and hence a potential range that extends into higher altitudes and latitudes than has been indicated previously. The methods demonstrated here provide some insight into the impacts an invasive species might have within its climatically suited range, and can help inform biosecurity policies regarding the management of its spread and protection of valued threatened assets. PMID:23704988

Kriticos, Darren J.; Morin, Louise; Leriche, Agathe; Anderson, Robert C.; Caley, Peter

2013-01-01

375

Development of the Structural Connectome Between Ages 12 and 30: An N=439 DTI Study  

E-print Network

Development of the Structural Connectome Between Ages 12 and 30: An N=439, Australia; 4Queensland InsMtute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia; 5Brain and Mind Research InsMtute, University of Sydney, Australia The human brain changes

Thompson, Paul

376

Change in diet and body mass index in Taiwanese women with length of residence in Australia.  

PubMed

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine and compare anthropometric measurements and dietary intake of Taiwanese Chinese females living in Taiwan and Australia, including any effect of length of Australian residence. Height, weight, waist and hip circumference and percent total body fat were measured and dietary intake estimated using a 7-day record. Participants were Taiwanese females without systemic disease (100 from Sydney metropolitan area, Australia, 97 from Ping-Tung County, Taiwan). Subjects in Australia had similar body mass index (weight-kg/height-m(2)) and percent total body fat but higher waist and hip circumference than those in Taiwan (22.9+/-3.0 vs. 22.8+/-3.1 kg/m(2), p >0.05; 31.4+/-5.8 vs. 31.0+/-6.2 %, p >0.05; 76.2+/-7.5 vs. 72.1+/-7.3 cm, p =0.0001; 97.3+/-6.2 vs. 93.3+/-6.2 cm, p =0.0001, respectively), significance unaffected by age adjustment. Total energy intake was higher in Australia (2367+/-574 vs. 1878+/-575 Kcal) as was the caloric adjusted intake of carbohydrate and saturated fat, measured as grams (342.8+/-91.5 vs. 264.9+/-91.0 g; 30.7+/-9.1 vs. 23.0+/-9.1 g) or as percentage of caloric adjusted intake (57.3+/-1.4 vs. 55.6+/-2.3 %; 12.1+/-0.7 vs. 11.2+/-1.1 %), all p<0.001, respectively. There was a trend for anthropometric measures to increase in subjects who had lived in Australia greater than 5 years, and they also have 14 times the odds of having a waist circumference greater than 80 cm compared to those living in Australia less than 5 years (95% CI, 1.84, 112.0). The increase in waist circumference and higher energy and saturated fat intake associated with length of residence in Australia for Taiwanese females suggests an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. PMID:17215181

Lee, Wan-Ping; Lingard, Jennifer; Bermingham, Margaret

2007-01-01

377

The multipurpose time-of-flight neutron reflectometer “Platypus” at Australia's OPAL reactor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this manuscript we describe the major components of the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer at the 20 MW OPAL reactor in Sydney, Australia. Platypus is a multipurpose spectrometer for the characterisation of solid thin films, materials adsorbed at the solid-liquid interface and free-liquid surfaces. It also has the capacity to study magnetic thin films using spin-polarised neutrons. Platypus utilises a white neutron beam ( ?=2-20 Å) that is pulsed using boron-coated disc chopper pairs; thus providing the capacity to tailor the wavelength resolution of the pulses to suit the system under investigation. Supermirror optical components are used to focus, deflect or spin-polarise the broad bandwidth neutron beams, and typical incident spectra are presented for each configuration. A series of neutron reflectivity datasets are presented, indicating the quality and flexibility of this spectrometer. Minimum reflectivity values of <10 -7 are observed; while maximum thickness values of 325 nm have been measured for single-component films and 483 nm for a multilayer system. Off-specular measurements have also been made to investigate in-plane features as opposed to those normal to the sample surface. Finally, the first published studies conducted using the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer are presented.

James, M.; Nelson, A.; Holt, S. A.; Saerbeck, T.; Hamilton, W. A.; Klose, F.

2011-03-01

378

Seasonal and spatial variation in the distribution of mangrove macroalgae in the Clyde River, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study was to determine whether there was significant spatial and temporal variation in macroalgae epiphytic on pneumatophores of the Grey Mangrove, Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh., in the Clyde River, located 280 km south of Sydney, Australia. Three estuarine sites in the Clyde River were surveyed seasonally on four occasions over a two-year period, and algal distribution and abundance assessed in respect to temporal, inter-site, intertidal (from front to back of mangrove stand) and vertical (from bottom to top of pneumatophores) variation. Sediment and water characteristics, including nutrient levels, were also assessed in order to examine all variables of potential influence on algal distribution and abundance. The results indicated that intertidal position within sites, and vertical height along the length of the pneumatophore, were the greatest influence on algal frequency and biomass. Individual species dominated in different intertidal and vertical zones. These observations, together with the identification of three species of macroalgae that fulfil the criteria for bioindicators/biomonitors of environmental impacts are discussed.

Melville, Felicity; Pulkownik, Alex

2007-02-01

379

Evolution of newspaper coverage of water issues in Australia during 1843-2011.  

PubMed

News accounts both reflect and influence public opinion through their noted 'agenda-setting' capability. We examined newspaper articles in Australia's The Sydney Morning Herald from 1843 to 2011 to observe the evolution of media coverage on water issues related to water resources management. The results showed that water supply-related articles have dominated the reporting of water issues since 1843. This emphasis is reflected in the institutions involved and their related policy/management initiatives, as well as the themes of the articles. Extreme events such as flooding and drought have punctuated the historical record of reports on water issues. An economic development-driven tone was overwhelmingly predominant in newspaper articles (85 % of the total); however, there has been a marked decline in the importance of development-driven tone relative to environmental-sustainability oriented tone of articles since 1994. People from academia and NGOs were rarely quoted. Inclusion of wider range stakeholders should be considered as a strategic break-through and natural events should be considered as an "opportunity" to change public opinion on water issues for environmental sustainability. PMID:25341376

Wei, Jing; Wei, Yongping; Western, Andrew; Skinner, Dominic; Lyle, Clive

2015-05-01

380

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng 2001; 52:219238 (DOI: 10.1002/nme.215)  

E-print Network

of Aerospace; Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering; J04; University of Sydney; NSW 2006; Australia SUMMARY and Mechatronic Engineering, J04, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia This paper was partially presentedINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng 2001; 52

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

381

The VLDB Journal (2009) 18:809835 DOI 10.1007/s00778-008-0128-8  

E-print Network

The VLDB Journal (2009) 18:809­835 DOI 10.1007/s00778-008-0128-8 REGULAR PAPER Top-k typicality of answering top-k typicality queries. We model typicality in large data sets systematically. Three types South Wales, Sydney, Australia e-mail: lxue@cse.unsw.edu.au X. Lin NICTA, Sydney, Australia of top-k

Lin, Xuemin

382

Original article AFLP analysis of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates  

E-print Network

Biosciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia b Laboratory of Enteric Pathogens, PHLS Central types were observed in DT 9 and DT 135, respectively. DT 9 is rare in the UK and common in Australia been the most common serovar causing salmonellosis among humans and animals [1], although in recent

Lan, Ruiting

383

Contributions of Indian Ocean Sea Surface Temperatures to Enhanced East African Rainfall  

E-print Network

South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia CHRIS J. C. REASON Department of Oceanography- cientforpreventivemeasuressuchasvaccinatingdomestic animals and pretreating mosquito habitats with insecti- cides (Linthicum et al. 1999). Several, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. E-mail: c.ummenhofer@unsw.edu.au 15 FEBRUARY 2009 U M M E N H O F E R E

England, Matthew

384

Multi-channel Coverage for a Dangerous Australian Animals Museum Exhibit  

E-print Network

.fry, judy.kay, bob.kummerfeld}@sydney.edu.au Abstract. Dangerous animals fascinate people; and Australia hasMulti-channel Coverage for a Dangerous Australian Animals Museum Exhibit Rainer Wasinger, Matthew, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia {rainer.wasinger, matthew.wardrop, anthony.collins, michael

Wasinger, Rainer

385

Reporting Leadership Patterns Among Trajectories This extended abstract also appeared in the proceedings of  

E-print Network

University Sweden Joachim Gudmundsson NICTA Sydney, Australia Patrick Laube School of Geography and Environmental Science University of Auckland New Zealand Thomas Wolle NICTA Sydney, Australia Abstract movement tra- jectories of people, animals, vehicles and other moving ob- jects, opening new options

Wolle, Thomas

386

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 21 November 2013  

E-print Network

, France Edited by: André Van Schaik, The University of Western Sydney, Australia Reviewed by: Jorg Conradt, Technische Universität München, Germany Runchun M. Wang, University of Western Sydney, Australia M. Anthony for mimicking the locomotion activity of various animals and developing hybrid experiments for neuroprosthesis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

387

Copyright 2006 by the Genetics Society of America DOI: 10.1534/genetics.105.046466  

E-print Network

and Microbial Biosciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia and School, Australia Manuscript received June 3, 2005 Accepted for publication September 21, 2005 ABSTRACT Serovar in this article) is a common cause of salmonellosis among humans and domestic animals worldwide. Most Typhimurium

Lan, Ruiting

388

The Impact of Observed Vegetation Changes on LandAtmosphere Feedbacks During Drought  

E-print Network

The Impact of Observed Vegetation Changes on Land­Atmosphere Feedbacks During Drought X. H. MENG Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, and Key Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia M. F. MCCABE

Evans, Jason

389

LINKING CEREBRAL GREY MATTER AND MISMATCH NEGATIVITY (MMN) IN SCHIZOPHRENIA  

E-print Network

, Sydney, Australia, 2 Priority Centre for Brain & Mental Health Research, University of Newcastle Schizophrenia Research Unit, Liverpool Hospital, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 5 Brain with the individual's scan while allowing the accurate averaging of gyral structures across subjects. Correlation maps

Thompson, Paul

390

SPARTANS ABROAD 2011 entries  

E-print Network

Sleepy Koala Sydney - Australia Nature #12;Ant under Water Apple Tree Cedral ­ Costa Rica Nature #12;Lake County - Ireland Nature #12;My Baby Roo...Can I Keep It? Sydney - Australia Nature #12;Floating Through Picos de Europa - Spain Nature #12;Arthur's Seat Edinburgh - Scotland Nature #12;A Goat's Eye View

391

Iron oxide minerals in dust of the Red Dawn event in eastern Australia, September 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Iron oxide minerals typically compose only a few weight percent of bulk atmospheric dust but are important for potential roles in forcing climate, affecting cloud properties, influencing rates of snow and ice melt, and fertilizing marine phytoplankton. Dust samples collected from locations across eastern Australia (Lake Cowal, Orange, Hornsby, and Sydney) following the spectacular "Red Dawn" dust storm on 23 September 2009 enabled study of the dust iron oxide assemblage using a combination of magnetic measurements, Mössbauer spectroscopy, reflectance spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Red Dawn was the worst dust storm to have hit the city of Sydney in more than 60 years, and it also deposited dust into the Tasman Sea and onto snow cover in New Zealand. Magnetization measurements from 20 to 400 K reveal that hematite, goethite, and trace amounts of magnetite are present in all samples. Magnetite concentrations (as much as 0.29 wt%) were much higher in eastern, urban sites than in western, agricultural sites in central New South Wales (0.01 wt%), strongly suggesting addition of magnetite from local urban sources. Variable temperature Mössbauer spectroscopy (300 and 4.2 K) indicates that goethite and hematite compose approximately 25-45% of the Fe-bearing phases in samples from the inland sites of Orange and Lake Cowal. Hematite was observed at both temperatures but goethite only at 4.2 K, thereby revealing the presence of nanogoethite (less than about 20 nm). Similarly, hematite particulate matter is very small (some of it d < 100 nm) on the basis of magnetic results and Mössbauer spectra. The degree to which ferric oxide in these samples might absorb solar radiation is estimated by comparing reflectance values with a magnetic parameter (hard isothermal remanent magnetization, HIRM) for ferric oxide abundance. Average visible reflectance and HIRM are correlated as a group (r2 = 0.24), indicating that Red Dawn ferric oxides have capacity to absorb solar radiation. Much of this ferric oxide occurs as nanohematite and nanogoethite particles on surfaces of other particulate matter, thereby providing high surface area to enhance absorption of solar radiation. Leaching of the sample from Orange in simulated human-lung fluid revealed low bioaccessibility for most metals.

Reynolds, Richard L.; Cattle, Stephen R.; Moskowitz, Bruce M.; Goldstein, Harland L.; Yauk, Kimberly; Flagg, Cody B.; Berquó, Thelma S.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Morman, Suzette; Breit, George N.

2014-12-01

392

Multisystemic toxoplasmosis associated with a type II-like Toxoplasma gondii strain in a New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) from New South Wales, Australia.  

PubMed

We report the first confirmed case of toxoplasmosis in an Australian pinniped. Presence of Toxoplasma gondii DNA was detected in the brain of a free-ranging subadult New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) with nonsuppurative meningoencephalitis, hypophysitis, posterior uveitis, retrobulbar cellulitis, and myocarditis associated with protozoan cysts and tachyzoites. The emaciated seal stranded moribund on a beach in northern Sydney in New South Wales. Histopathology coupled with specific immunohistochemistry and PCR assays confirmed the presence of T. gondii. The T. gondii sample (NZfs8825) identified in this study has an identical genotype as the type II (ToxoDB PCR-RFLP genotype #1) based on the direct sequencing and virtual RFLP of multilocus DNA markers including SAG1, 5'- and 3'-SAG2, alt.SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, c29-2, L358, PK1, and Apico. Direct sequencing of T. gondii B1 DNA marker from the T. gondii sample (NZfs8825) identified a type II-like strain, based on presence of non-archetypal B1 gene polymorphisms previously reported as unique to Australia. This study suggests that T. gondii oocysts originating from mainland Australia, which has a large population of feral cats, may act as a disease threat to native marine fauna. Therefore, emerging toxoplasmosis in the Arctic has a relevant parallel in the Southern Ocean within Australian waters with yet unknown relevance to Antarctica. PMID:25123611

Donahoe, Shannon L; Rose, Karrie; Slapeta, Jan

2014-09-15

393

CareTrack Kids—part 3. Adverse events in children's healthcare in Australia: study protocol for a retrospective medical record review  

PubMed Central

Introduction A high-quality health system should deliver care that is free from harm. Few large-scale studies of adverse events have been undertaken in children's healthcare internationally, and none in Australia. The aim of this study is to measure the frequency and types of adverse events encountered in Australian paediatric care in a range of healthcare settings. Methods and analysis A form of retrospective medical record review, the Institute of Healthcare Improvement's Global Trigger Tool, will be modified to collect data. Records of children aged <16?years managed during 2012 and 2013 will be reviewed. We aim to review 6000–8000 records from a sample of healthcare practices (hospitals, general practices and specialists). Ethics and dissemination Human Research Ethics Committee approvals have been received from the Sydney Children's Hospital Network, Children's Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service, and the Women's and Children's Hospital Network in South Australia. An application is under review with the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. The authors will submit the results of the study to relevant journals and undertake national and international oral presentations to researchers, clinicians and policymakers. PMID:25854978

Hibbert, Peter D; Hallahan, Andrew R; Muething, Stephen E; Lachman, Peter; Hooper, Tamara D; Wiles, Louise K; Jaffe, Adam; White, Les; Wheaton, Gavin R; Runciman, William B; Dalton, Sarah; Williams, Helena M; Braithwaite, Jeffrey

2015-01-01

394

The current pattern of hepatitis B virus infection in Australia.  

PubMed

There is little recent data of the seroprevalence of hepatitis B in Australia. We have surveyed a large cohort of endoscopy patients attending a teaching hospital in central Sydney, and related the presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers with putative risk factors for exposure using the SAS statistical package. Of the 2115 patients tested: 2.1% (45/2115) were HBV surface antigen positive, 0.75% (14/2115) viraemic, 9.5% (200/2115) anti-HBs and anti-HBc positive, 20.1% (430/2115) vaccinated (anti-HBs only) and the remaining 70% were susceptible. The adjusted OR of HBV infection was significantly increased in patients who had been diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (36.3-fold), born in Asia or Pacific islands (12.4-fold), born in North Africa, Middle East & Mediterranean countries (6-fold) or born abroad elsewhere in the world (2.7-fold), had household contact with someone diagnosed with hepatitis between 1980 and 1990 (3.9-fold), injected drugs between 1980 and 1990 (4.4-fold), resided in a military establishment for 3 months (2.3-fold) or in a hospital for 3 months (2.2-fold), never been vaccinated for hepatitis B (2.8-fold), received blood transfusion due to an accident and/or a haemorrhage (1.92-fold) and finally been a male gender (1.59-fold). The prevalence of HBV in this hospital population was higher than predicted on the basis of notifications to the passive surveillance scheme. Most HBV patients had multiple risk factors for infection, but the hierarchy of odds ratios provides a rational basis for targeted programmes to identify asymptomatic HBV carriers who might benefit from treatment. PMID:16475997

Tawk, H M; Vickery, K; Bisset, L; Lo, S K; Selby, W; Cossart, Y E

2006-03-01

395

Permian U-Pb (CA-TIMS) zircon ages from Australia and China: Constraining the time scale of environmental and biotic change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In eastern Australia, the interconnected Bowen and Sydney Basins are filled with terrestrial sediments of late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic age. These sedimentary units record significant evolutionary events of eastern Gondwana during the time interval between two major mass extinctions (end Middle Permian and Permian-Triassic), and also provide lithological evidence for the Carboniferous-Permian Late Paleozoic Ice Age of southern Pangea, considered to be divisible into up to seven discrete glaciation events in Australia [e.g., 1]. These glaciations are currently assigned ages that indicate that the last of the glaciations predate the end Middle Permian mass extinction at ca. 260 Ma. However, the estimates for the time and durations are largely based on biostratigraphy and lithostratigraphy that, in the absence of robust and precise radioisotopic ages, are unacceptably fragile for providing an accurate high-resolution framework. Interbedded with the sediments are numerous tuff layers that contain zircon, many of which are associated with extensive coal measures in the Sydney and Bowen Basins. Published SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages [2, 3] have been shown to be less precise and inaccurate when compared to ages applying the CA-TIMS method to the same horizons. Also within the late Middle Permian, the eruption of the Emeishan flood basalts in SW China has been proposed to have caused the end Middle Permian mass extinction [e.g., 4], though a causal link between these events demands a rigorous test that can only be provided by high-resolution geochronology. We present new U-Pb (CA-TIMS) zircon ages on tuff layers from the Sydney and Bowen Basins, with the purpose of generating a timescale for the Upper Permian of Australia to allow correlation with different parts of the world. Initial results, with permil precision, date a tuff layer within the uppermost Bandanna Fm. to ca. 252 Ma, a tuff within the Moranbah Coal Measures to ca. 256 Ma, and a tuff within the Ingelara Fm. to ca. 257 Ma, the latter two units lying stratigraphically below the latest identified glacial deposits. U-Pb (CA-TIMS) results on zircons from the Emeishan flood basalts and related volcanic products confirm the end-Guadalupian age (ca. 260 Ma) of the magmatism, and based on present data, place the Emeishan volcanic event (and its possibly associated mass extinction) within the occurrence of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age. This study’s primary goal is the establishment of a chronostratigraphic framework that would allow the integration of calibrated records from both terrestrial and marine units from different parts of the world in order to constrain the timing and rates of extinctions and recoveries in different locations and physical environments. [1] Fielding et al. (2008), J. Geol Soc. Lon., v. 165, pp. 129-140 [2] Michaelsen et al. (2001), Aus. J. Earth Sci., v. 48, pp. 183-192 [3] Roberts et al. (1996), Aus. J. Earth Sci., v. 43, pp. 401-421 [4] He et al. (2007), EPSL, v. 255, pp. 306-323

Denyszyn, S. W.; Mundil, R.; Metcalfe, I.; He, B.

2010-12-01

396

Visualisation and Analysis of the Internet Movie Database School of IT, University of Sydney  

E-print Network

terrorists), money movement networks (used to de- tect money laundering), and citation networks or collabora Informatics University of Ljubljana, Slovenia ABSTRACT In this paper, we present a case study in order to provide insight and knowledge on the evolu- tion. Keywords: Large and Complex Networks, Case

Hong,Seokhee

397

Sydney epilepsy incidence study to measure illness consequences: the SESIMIC observational epilepsy study protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Epilepsy affects an estimated 50 million people and accounts for approximately 1% of days lost to ill health globally, making it one of the most common, serious neurological disorders. While there are abundant global data on epilepsy incidence, prevalence and treatment, there is a paucity of Australian incidence data. There is also a general lack of information on the

Maree L Hackett; Nicholas S Glozier; Alexandra L Martiniuk; Stephen Jan; Craig S Anderson

2011-01-01

398

Student Engagement at Two Single-Sex Colleges: Hampden-Sydney and Sweet Briar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1960s the higher educational system in the United States has steadily lost its single-sex colleges; and as of 2008 only 51 women's and four men's institutions remain (National Center for Educational Statistics, 2008). Many of the previous single-sex schools have admitted members of the opposite sex, giving in to the national trend of…

Simms, Edith L.

2010-01-01

399

ACADEMIC CEREMONY OF INVESTITURE OF PROFESSOR SYDNEY BRENNER AS DOCTOR HONORIS CAUSA  

E-print Network

with the speech. As a result, today we have had the opportunity to listen to a masterpiece which combines music start by making a short reference to the piece we have just listened to. Named Verbum (Genoma in musica to create a piece of music revolving around a scientific topic. The human genome caught the attention

Geffner, Hector

400

Last Name First Name 17th International Conference on Coastal Engineering Sydney 23-28 March  

E-print Network

. 15 Adequacy of Forecasting, Hindcasting, and the Use of Ocean Surface Wave Information 16 Advanced of Seakeeping Qualities Yamanouchi Yasufumi 11 A Study of Hydraulic Air Compression for Ocean Thermal Energy Power Generation Part I: Mobile Sampling Program 3-12 September 1976 Schroeder Thomas A. 14

Frandsen, Jannette B.

401

Systemic Inflammation Is Associated with MCI and Its Subtypes: The Sydney Memory and Aging Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: Raised low-grade systemic inflammation has been associated with dementia, and preliminary studies suggest an association with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study examines the relationship between systemic inflammation and MCI subtypes. Methods: We measured the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein, interleukins (IL)-1?, -6, -8, -10 and -12, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), serum amyloid A (SAA), tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) and

Julian N. Trollor; Evelyn Smith; Bernhard T. Baune; Nicole A. Kochan; Lesley Campbell; Katherine Samaras; John Crawford; Henry Brodaty; Perminder Sachdev

2010-01-01

402

Indicators of Staff Efficacy in Seven Special Schools in the Sydney Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Staff in Special Schools are seldom the focus of research, yet work with a student group some might consider demanding and stressful. Staff who work in Catholic special Schools are under-represented in the academic literature. The motivation and efficacy of Special School staff were studies in 7 Catholic Special Schools. These staff were observed…

Vallance, Roger J.

2012-01-01

403

Detailed Analysis of the Travel Patterns of Rail Users in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rail is a critical transport mode for travel in large cities, especially for journeys to and from the CBD. Analysis of travel surveys commonly report aggregate statistics such as mode shares by purpose. These aggregate statistics provide an overview of the level of rail usage, however much more detailed analysis is needed to answer questions such as: • Do the

Min Xu; Frank Milthorpe; Karen Tsang

2011-01-01

404

Basel Freiburg Paris London New York Bangalore Bangkok Shanghai Singapore Tokyo Sydney  

E-print Network

) #12;81 S38A PRESENCE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF SEVERAL LOW FREQUENCY COMPONENTS IN LASER DOPPLER BLOOD FLOW, Univ. of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Laser Doppler flowmetry can be used for non and contains several oscillatory components. In addition to the cardiac and respiratory oscillations (also

Chapeau-Blondeau, François

405

ESTIMATING THE RISK TO INSURANCE COMPANIES FROM EARTHQUAKES - A CASE STUDY BASED ON SYDNEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently the insurance industry is going through a major period of change in the way it analyses and copes with catastrophic risks such as earthquakes and tropical cyclones. GIS based models simulating the impact of natural hazards on property portfolios, originally developed by earthquake engineering researchers, are being increasingly used as the basis for a sound financial risk management approach

George R. Walker; FIPENZ FAIB

406

The University of Sydney MATH2068/2988 Number Theory and Cryptography  

E-print Network

s that is the the residue of 361971017277558996 mod q, where p and q are the prime factors of m, then solving x2 r (mod p received a message (allegedly sent to you by Oscar Wilde). This message consists of a sequence of residues*Modexp(500,-1,65537) mod 65537;. You will find that the answer is 15860. The next thing to do is Modexp

Howlett, Robert Brian

407

Use of surface waves for geotechnical engineering applications in Western Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current in situ methods used to geotechnically characterize the ground are predominantly based on invasive mechanical techniques (e.g. CPT, SPT, DMT). These techniques are localized to the tested area thus making it quite time consuming and costly to extensively cover large areas. Hence, a study has been initiated to investigate the use of the non-invasive Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) and Multichannel Simulation with One Receiver (MSOR) techniques to provide both an evaluation of compacted ground and a general geotechnical site characterization. The MASW technique relies on the measurement of active ambient vibrations generated by sledgehammer hits to the ground. Generated vibrations are gathered by interconnected electromagnetic geophones set up in the vertical direction and in a linear array at the ground surface with a constant spacing. The MSOR technique relies on one sensor, one single geophone used as the trigger, and multiple impacts are delivered on a steel plate at several distances in a linear array. The main attributes of these non-invasive techniques are the cost effectiveness and time efficiency when compared to current in situ mechanical invasive methods. They were applied to infer the stiffness of the ground layers by inversion of the phase velocity dispersion curves to derive the shear wave velocity (Vs) profile. The results produced by the MASW and the MSOR techniques were verified against independent mechanical Cone Penetration Test (CPT) and Standard Penetration Test (SPT) data. This paper identifies that the MASW and the MSOR techniques could be potentially useful and powerful tools in the evaluation of the ground compaction and general geotechnical site characterization.

Tokeshi, K.; Harutoonian, P.; Leo, C. J.; Liyanapathirana, S.

2013-06-01

408

The Spectrums of Mean Sea Level at Sydney, Coff's Harbour, and Lord Howe Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

Daily mean sea levels for the period July 1957 to December 1958 were first ad- justed to correspond to a fixed value of atmospheric pressure. The spectrums and cross spec- trums, coherences and phase differences of the adjusted sea' levels were computed for periods between 2 and 60 days. Spectrums of atmospheric pressure were also computed. The atmospheric pressure spectrums

B. V. Hamon

1962-01-01

409

PROPOSAL FOR JOINT DISCUSSION AT THE 2003 IAU GENERAL ASSEMBLY, SYDNEY  

E-print Network

range of objects. Over the past 20 years, astrochemical modelling has provided us with the means, a wider range of metallicities, UV and X-ray uxes than is customary for Galactic models. The major aim

Millar, Tom

410

PROPOSAL FOR JOINT DISCUSSION AT THE 2003 IAU GENERAL ASSEMBLY, SYDNEY  

E-print Network

provided us with the means to explore the physics and chemistry of molec- ular clouds, star formation is customary for Galactic models. One of the major aims of this Joint Discussion is to bring together

Millar, Tom

411

Populations of the Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata , vary in response to ocean acidification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acidifying oceans are predicted to fundamentally alter marine ecosystems. Over the next century, acute studies suggest that\\u000a the impacts of climate change on marine organisms and ecosystems may be catastrophic. To date, however, little is known about\\u000a whether the response of marine organisms varies within a species and whether this provides a potential “adaptive capacity”.\\u000a Here, we show that selectively

L. M. Parker; Pauline M. Ross; Wayne A. O’Connor

2011-01-01

412

UTS Code of Practice for Procurement The University of Technology Sydney (UTS)  

E-print Network

in the Code's Log of Revisions. 2 Objective UTS wants its procurement activities to achieve best value for money in the expenditure of public funds while being fair, ethical and transparent. In achieving: Honesty and fairness: Parties will conduct all procurement and business relationships with honesty

University of Technology, Sydney

413

Chronic pain-related disability and use of analgesia and health services in a Sydney community  

Microsoft Academic Search

with high levels of pain-related disability in 129\\/439 (27%). Nominated causes of chronic pain were injury in 173 (38%), most commonly sports injury (54; 13%), and a health problem in 132 (29%). Pain was work-related in 62 (14%). A musculoskeletal condition was the leading diagnosis (127; 26%). Of the 474 with chronic pain, 374 (78%) had consulted at least one

Fiona M Blyth; Lyn M March; Michael J Cousins

414

Equity and Local Participation in VET: Some Preliminary Findings in Sydney Postcodes. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More attention should be given to the local dimension of equity research. A question that must be asked is to what extent there is an unequal distribution of opportunities to participate in vocational education and training (VET) that is mirrored by area of residence in both urban and rural localities. Questions must also be asked about the extent…

McIntyre, John

415

The Sydney Holocaust Study: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Other Psychosocial Morbidity in an Aged Community Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the psychological status and social functioning of Holocaust survivors. From 814 responses to a community survey of Jewish elders (aged 60 years or older), survivors (n = 100), refugees who had not experienced the Holocaust (n = 50), and Australian\\/English-born persons (n = 50), were randomly selected for semistructured interview, which included Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) assessment, ratings

Charmaine Joffe; Henry Brodaty; Georgina Luscombe; Frederick Ehrlich

2003-01-01

416

Peat accumulation on a drowned coastal braidplain: the Mullins Coal (Upper Carboniferous), Sydney Basin, Nova Scotia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mullins Coal lies within the braided-fluvial South Bar Formation. The lateral extent (15 km) and thickness (2 m) of the coal suggest that controls for peat accumulation were allogenic. Marine inundation of the distal braidplain, as indicated by the high-sulphur content of the coal and the occurrence of agglutinated foraminifera in associated shales, caused ponding of freshwater near maximum marine transgression, with accumulation of thick paralic peat across a stable platform of sandy fluvial sediments. Highstand parasequences with thin capping coals were subsequently incised beneath a sequence boundary as the braidplain readvanced. The Mullins Coal thins and splits in association with muddy bayfill deposits eastward towards the Glace Bay Syncline, a long-lived palaeotopographic element related to fault-bounded basement blocks. Although relative sea-level change controlled the stratigraphic position of the precursor peats, differential tectonic subsidence and/or compaction modified their extent, thickness and quality.

Tibert, Neil E.; Gibling, Martin R.

1999-10-01

417

8Phytophthora ramorum Sydney E. Everhart, Javier F. Tabima, and Niklaus J. Grunwald  

E-print Network

horticulture and forests (Rizzo et al. 2002, 2005). This oomycete path- ogen was discovered in Marin County England. By 2010, an outbreak in Wales led to approximately half a million trees felled over 1,300 ha-mail: grunwaln@science.oregonstate.edu N. J. Grünwald Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, USDA ARS

Grünwald, Niklaus J.

418

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 40 4. ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

of the University. The most enduring constructed feature from the early settlement period is the lake in Victoria this includes the Colleges, Victoria Park, and Prince Alfred Hospital. These areas share, and contribute to by at least the 1840s, later being formalised as a landscape lake feature in the 1870s, complete with a bridge

Viglas, Anastasios

419

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 65 6. DEVELOPMENT OF POLICY -OPPORTUNITIES AND  

E-print Network

present in altered form in Victoria Park, is not managed by the university, and is therefore outside to general landform, such as Petersham Ridge, and the creek lines of Orphan School Creek and the former swampy area around the Old Darlington School site. The only residual built feature, the lake still

Viglas, Anastasios

420

"Corsages on Their Parents' Jackets": Employment and Aspiration among Arabic-Speaking Youth in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many commentators have observed that late modernity has profoundly reshaped the nature of employment such that workers have become more reflexive, mobile, individualistic and entrepreneurial, free to re-invent themselves as they choose in a world of endless possibilities. Theorists of reflexive modernity suggest that the family unit and class have…

Morgan, George; Idriss, Sherene

2012-01-01

421

Arterial gas embolism: a review of cases at Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, 1996 to 2006.  

PubMed

Arterial gas embolism may occur as a complication of diving or certain medical procedures. Although relatively rare, the consequences may be disastrous. Recent articles in the critical care literature suggest the non-hyperbaric medical community may not be aware of the role for hyperbaric oxygen therapy in non-diving related gas embolism. This review is part of an Australian appraisal of experience in the management of arterial gas embolism over the last 10 years. We identified all patients referred to Prince of Wales Hospital Department of Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine with a diagnosis of arterial gas embolism from 1996 to 2006. Twenty-six patient records met our selection criteria, eight iatrogenic and 18 diving related. All patients were treated initially with a 280 kPa compression schedule. At discharge six patients were left with residual symptoms. Four were left with minor symptoms that did not significantly impact quality of life. Two remained severely affected with major neurological injury. Both had non-diving-related arterial gas embolism. There was a good outcome in the majority of patients who presented with arterial gas embolism and were treated with compression. PMID:18326133

Trytko, B E; Bennett, M H

2008-01-01

422

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of Sydney  

E-print Network

The Ingredients for a Postgenomic Synthesis of Nature and Nurture Karola Stotz Online Publication Date: 01 June of Nature and Nurture Karola Stotz This paper serves as an introduction to the special issue on ``Reconciling Nature and Nurture in Behavior and Cognition Research'' and sets its agenda to resolve

Stotz, Karola

423

EDITORIAL EXPERIENCE Editorial Board, The Illustrated History of Humankind, Weldon Owen (Sydney)  

E-print Network

and Theory (University of Arizona Press). Advisory Board, North American Archaeologist. Editorial Board Advisory Board, Council for Museum Anthropology. Former Chief Editorial Advisor for Archaeology, American Man, Archaeology, and the Battle for Native American Identity, revised edition. New York: Basic Books

424

UNDERGRADUATE When I tell you the University of Sydney is a  

E-print Network

Dentistry 19 Education and social work 20 Engineering, project management and information technologies 22.edu.au/future-students You can also connect with us through social media: facebook.com/sydneyuni twitter and wellbeing 49 Counselling and personal development 49 Spiritual support 49 Aboriginal and Torres Strait

Viglas, Anastasios

425

Diagnosing coastal ocean CO2 interannual variability from a 40 year hydrographic time series station off the east coast of Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advancing our understanding of the ocean's role in modulating atmospheric carbon dioxide interannual variability is important but limited by the lack of temporal ocean CO2 observations throughout most of the world's oceans. In particular, the role of the coastal ocean for interannual variability of CO2 is unknown, but expected to be large given the dynamics of land to ocean CO2 exchanges. Two coastal hydrographic time series stations at Port Hacking off Sydney, Australia, have collected and measured hydrographic properties (temperature, salinity, nitrate, phosphate, and silicate) since 1942. Here I examine the potential to use empirical relationships derived from nearby discrete CO2 measurements to diagnose CO2 interannual variability at the Port Hacking time series station. I test the approach by predicting interannual variability of CO2 at the Bermuda Time Series Station (BATS) in the North Atlantic between 1988 and 2008 and show the method captures 78% of the observed interannual variability found at BATS. I further use oxygen as a tracer to diagnose the length scales of variability in the southwest Pacific to provide insight into the applicability of the method. After applying the approach at Port Hacking, significant CO2 interannual variability was found (up to ± 30 ppm) that was largely driven by local regional variability in nutrients (nitrate) and temperature with little link to larger modes of variability (SAM or ENSO). Oceanic CO2 was diagnosed to be almost always lower than atmospheric CO2 levels (?pCO2 ˜ 10-55 ?atm), indicating a quasi-permanent coastal ocean CO2 sink during winter off Sydney. Direct pCO2 measurements taken along the NSW coastline in April and August 2008 confirm the empirical predictions and a wider CO2 sink along Australia's east coast. If extrapolating the Port Hacking CO2 results to the New South Wales coastline, the annual coastal CO2 sink would be about -0.05 Tg C/yr. Both the empirical predictions and direct measurements of CO2 presented here along the Australian east coast support recent reviews suggesting continental shelves act as a significant CO2 sink, at least during autumn and winter.

McNeil, Ben I.

2010-12-01

426

Genetic and life-history trait variation of the amphipod Melita plumulosa from polluted and unpolluted waterways in eastern Australia.  

PubMed

To monitor genetic diversity and environmental contamination in eastern Australia, toxicity studies have employed the sensitive benthic amphipod Melita plumulosa. The goal of this study was to examine the genetic and life-history variability of natural populations of M. plumulosa from the Parramatta (polluted) and Hawkesbury (unpolluted) Rivers. The underlying genetics of the populations in these distinct waterways was examined at one mitochondrial (cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI)) and one nuclear (ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region 1 (ITS1)) locus. Seven unique haplotypes for COI were found amongst animals from the Parramatta River, while animals from the Hawkesbury River showed a complete absence of genetic variation at this locus. At ITS1 a total of two sequence variants were found amongst Parramatta River amphipods and three sequence variants among Hawkesbury River animals, with no common variants across the two river systems. To establish whether genetic differences were associated with organismal responses to toxicant exposure, two life-history trait variables (female head length as an estimator of amphipod size and female fecundity) were analyzed. Life-history trait analyses showed that females from the Hawkesbury River were significantly larger and more fecund. These data have critical implications for toxicity tests, the use of laboratory cultures for testing purposes, and environmental contamination in Sydney Harbor. PMID:18586304

Chung, Pann Pann; Hyne, Ross V; Mann, Reinier M; Ballard, J William O

2008-09-15

427

The revival of water fluoridation in the state of New South Wales, Australia, in the 21st century.  

PubMed

The State of New South Wales (NSW) in Australia has over half a century of experience with water fluoridation. Yass was the first town to be fluoridated in 1956 and Sydney in 1968, and by the late 1970s, approximately 90% of NSW was fluoridated. However, since then, there have been no new fluoridation schemes. In NSW under the Fluoridation of Public Water Supplies Act 1957, the decision to fluoridate rests with local government authorities (councils). Since 2004, the NSW Health Department has been proactive in promoting and extending water fluoridation to unfluoridated rural communities in an attempt to reduce oral health inequalities. This has resulted in 20 councils implementing fluoridation, increasing population coverage of water fluoridation from 90% in 2004 to 96% in 2012. When the remaining 16 councils that have been gazetted to fluoridate implement fluoridation, approximately 98% of NSW residents will have access to fluoridated water. This article provides an overview of the framework used to extend water fluoridation to many rural communities in New South Wales in the 21st century. PMID:22998307

Sivaneswaran, Shanti

2012-10-01

428

Sex Differences in the Human Structural Connectome Emily L. Dennis1, Neda Jahanshad1, Arthur W. Toga1, KaCe L. McMahon2, Greig I. de Zubicaray3, Nicholas G. MarCn4, Ian B. Hickie5,  

E-print Network

Sex Differences in the Human Structural Connectome Emily L. Dennis1, Neda, Brisbane, Australia; 5Brain and Mind Research InsCtute, University of Sydney, Australia Sex differences in brain structure and funcCon are controversial [1

Thompson, Paul

429

What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider? Edward Anderson , Tim Coltman*  

E-print Network

1 What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider? Edward Anderson , Tim Coltman of Economics and Business, University of Sydney, Australia Tim Coltman, Associate Professor, University Byron Keating, Associate Professor, University of Canberra, Australia *Corresponding author: Tim Coltman

Coltman, Tim

430

Heterogeneous Secure Multi-Party Computation Mentari Djatmiko1,2  

E-print Network

1,2 , and Aruna Seneviratne1,2 1 NICTA, 13 Garden Street, Eveleigh, NSW, 2015, Australia 2 University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia {mentari.djatmiko,mathieu.cunche, roksana.boreli,aruna.seneviratne

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

431

Enhancing QoS through Alternate Path: An End-to-End Framework.  

E-print Network

,2,3 , Patrick Senac 2,3 , Aruna Seneviratne 4 , Michel Diaz 3 1 University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052 Australia5 , Locked Bag 9013, Alexandria NSW 1435, Australia. aruna.seneviratne@nicta.com.au Abstract

Rakotoarivelo, Thierry

432

Spatiotemporal Wavelet Resampling for Functional Neuroimaging Data  

E-print Network

, Australia 7 Neuroscience Institute of Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders, Sydney, Australia Abstract of Biomedical Imaging and Bio- engineering; Contract grant sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health; Contract grant sponsor: Neuroscience Institute of Schizo- phrenia and Allied Disorders. This article

Breakspear, Michael

433

A complete and simple parametrization of controllers for a nonstandard H ? control problem * * The preliminary version of this paper was presented at the 12th IFAC World Congress, which was held in Sydney, Australia, during 18–23 July 1993. This paper was recommended for publication in revised form by Associate Editor Y. Yamamoto under the direction of Editor Ruth F. Curtain  

Microsoft Academic Search

A complete and simple parametrization of all H? controllers is derived for a class of nonstandard H? control problems with D12andD21 being of full row and column ranks, respectively, by making use of the Youla parametrization and standard H? control theory.

Tsutomu Mita; Jeremy B. Matson; Brian D. O. Anderson

1998-01-01

434

Assessing impacts of deepwater sewage disposal: A case study from New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

To overcome the problems of beach pollution Sydney Water constructed three deepwater sewage outfalls off North Head, Bondi and Malabar. The outfalls were commissioned over the period September 1990–July 1991. A 5-year multi-disciplinary environmental monitoring programme was set up to assess the impacts on the demersal fish and soft-bottom macro-invertebrate communities. Assessment of impact was based on an asymmetrical analysis

N. M. Otway

1995-01-01

435

Travel risk behaviours and uptake of pre-travel health preventions by university students in Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Forward planning and preventative measures before travelling can significantly reduce the risk of many vaccine preventable travel-related infectious diseases. Higher education students may be at an increased risk of importing infectious disease as many undertake multiple visits to regions with higher infectious disease endemicity. Little is known about the health behaviours of domestic or international university students, particularly students from low resource countries who travel to high-resource countries for education. This study aimed to assess travel-associated health risks and preventative behaviours in a sample of both domestic and international university students in Australia. Methods In 2010, a 28 item self-administered online survey was distributed to students enrolled at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Multiple methods of distributing links to the online survey were utilised. The survey examined the international travel history, travel intentions, infection control behaviours and self-reported vaccination history. Results A total of 1663 respondents completed the online survey, 22.1% were international students and 83.9% were enrolled at an undergraduate level. Half had travelled internationally in the previous 12 months, with 69% of those travelling only once during that time with no difference in travel from Australia between domestic and international students (p = 0.8). Uptake of pre-travel health advice was low overall with 68% of respondents reporting they had not sought any advice from a health professional prior to their last international trip. Domestic students were more likely to report uptake of a range of preventative travel health measures compared to international students, including diarrhoeal medication, insect repellent, food avoidance and condoms (P < 0.0001). Overall, students reported low risk perception of travel threats and a low corresponding concern for these threats. Conclusions Our study highlights the need to educate students about the risk associated with travel and improve preventative health-seeking and uptake of precautionary health measures in this highly mobile young adult population. Although immunisation is not an entry requirement to study at Universities in Australia, large tertiary institutions provide an opportunity to engage with young adults on the importance of travel health and provision of vaccines required for travel, including missed childhood vaccines. PMID:22339735

2012-01-01

436

ARTICLE IN PRESS The multiscale character of evoked cortical activity  

E-print Network

-correlations and phase-lagged interdependencies. Statistical significance of these effects was inferred through and Western Clinical School, University of Sydney, Australia c School of Physics, University of Sydney in the original data and comparable in magnitude to those obtained after Gaussian smoothing. However, analysis

Breakspear, Michael

437

Thermoelectroelastic solutions for internal bone remodeling under axial and transverse loads  

E-print Network

School of Aerospace, Mechanical, Mechatronic Engineering, University of Sydney, City Road, Sydney, NSW and * Corresponding author. Address: School of Aerospace, Mechanical, Mechatronic Engineering, AMME, University 2006, Australia c School of Civil Engineering, The University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK Received 24

Qin, Qinghua

438

Elemental separation in nanocrystalline Cu-Al alloys Y. B. Wang,1  

E-print Network

. Cooley,3 Z. Horita,4 and Y. T. Zhu5,a) 1 School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia 2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA

Zhu, Yuntian T.

439

Applied stress controls the production of nano-twins in coarse-grained metals  

E-print Network

of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia 2 Departments of Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-1453, USA 3 Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang

Zhu, Yuntian T.

440

Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Volume 28, 2000/pp. 123131 PROBABILITY DENSITY FUNCTION COMPUTATIONS OF A STRONGLY  

E-print Network

. B. POPE2 and B. B. DALLY3 1 Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering University of Sydney Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia 2 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14850, USA 3 Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Adelaide Adelaide, SA

441

NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS Grain size effect on deformation twinning and detwinning  

E-print Network

, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia X. L. Wu State studied well. Y. T. Zhu (&) Á J. Narayan Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China X. Z. Liao School of Aerospace

Zhu, Yuntian T.

442

PLASMA EMISSION: A REVIEW* (Invited Review presented by G. Dulk)  

E-print Network

PLASMA EMISSION: A REVIEW* (Invited Review presented by G. Dulk) D. B. M E L R O S E School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006. Australia Abstract. The theory of plasma emission of the Langmuir turbulence, its evolution due to nonlinear processes, and the plasma emission processes

Melrose, Don

443

A Fast Search for Temporal Properties of Requirements Michael E. Houle, Tim Menzies, John Powell  

E-print Network

A Fast Search for Temporal Properties of Requirements Michael E. Houle, Tim Menzies, John Powell-order query is equivalent to many white-box or black-box test inputs. The cost of testing requirements, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia), meh@trl.ibm.co.jp Tim Menzies is with the Lane Department

Menzies, Tim

444

An Adaptive Plan-Based Dialogue Agent: Integrating Learning into a BDI Architecture  

E-print Network

School of Computer Science and Engineering University of New South Wales Sydney NSW 2052, Australia anht@cse.unsw.edu.au Wayne Wobcke School of Computer Science and Engineering University of New South Wales Sydney NSW 2052 for processing user re- quests. This BDI approach allows a high level of abstraction in designing the dialogue

Wobcke, Wayne

445

Supporting Online Information Temperature sensitivity of black carbon decomposition and oxidation  

E-print Network

of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2251, Australia; Department of Earth Science, Rice University, Houston, TX address: Rubber Research Institute of Vietnam, 301 Nguyen Van Troi, Tan Binh, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam § Department of Earth Science, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA University of New South Wales, Sydney

Lehmann, Johannes

446

Racism in the News: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News Reporting in Two Australian Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to probe for ideological construction of racism imbricated within the structure of newspaper reporting. The study focuses on news reports relating to a Vietnamese gang in Australia whose violent and drug-dealing activities have received publicity in two Sydney-based newspapers: The Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph. The analysis of these reports adheres to

PETER TEO

2000-01-01

447

HOMOLOGY REPRESENTATIONS OF UNITARY REFLECTION JUSTIN KOONIN  

E-print Network

HOMOLOGY REPRESENTATIONS OF UNITARY REFLECTION GROUPS JUSTIN KOONIN School of Mathematics and Statistics University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia E-mail address: justin.koonin@sydney.edu.au Abstract #12;2 JUSTIN KOONIN homology is difficult to understand. Indeed the most information we have

Sydney, University of

448

Austral. & New Zealand J. Statist. 40(1), 1998, 110 THE ANALYSIS OF METHADONE CLINIC DATA USING  

E-print Network

.C. KUK2, JAMES BELL3 AND CHARLES MCGILCHRIST 4 University of Hong Kong, University of New South Wales South Wales, Sydney, 2052, Australia. 3Drug and Alcohol Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, 2052 02148, USA #12;2 J.S.K. CHAN, A.Y.C. KUK, J. BELL AND C. MCGILCHRIST risk of HIV infection among

Du, Jie

449

The evolution of the Mira variable R Hydrae Albert A. Zijlstra,1P  

E-print Network

of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia 3 American Association of Variable Star Observers, 25 Birch Street of the Mira pulsations (e.g. Sterken, Broens & Koen 1999). In sharp contrast to this rule, however, the period classification requires pulsation stability. The SR class is a mixture of hidden Miras and non-Mira stars

Zijlstra, Albert

450

Middle Miocene tectonic boundary conditions for use in climate models  

E-print Network

is reconstructed through application of an age-depth relationship to a middle Miocene global digital isochron mapMiddle Miocene tectonic boundary conditions for use in climate models N. Herold, M. Seton, and R. D of Marine Science, University of Sydney, Madsen Building F09, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia M

Müller, Dietmar

451

Search for neutrinoless decays ! 3` Belle Collaboration  

E-print Network

University, Yokohama, Japan ` Korea University, Seoul, South Korea m Kyungpook National University, Taegu, South Korea n Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne, EPFL, Lausanne o University Korea ae Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, South Korea af University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia ag

452

GROUPE D'ANALYSE ET DE THORIE CONOMIQUE LYON -ST TIENNE W P 1204  

E-print Network

of Sydney, Department of Economics, Merewether building, NSW 2006 Sydney, Australia; IZA, Bonn, Germany an individual benefit from alternative opportunities but it usually also has costs, either monetary or moral behavior. For instance, evidence suggests that it may be easier to stop smoking when other members

Boyer, Edmond

453

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Mar. 1994, p. 796-802 0095-1 137/94/$04.00+0  

E-print Network

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Mar. 1994, p. 796-802 0095-1 137/94/$04.00+0 Copyright © 1994, American Society for Microbiology Sequence Variation in Shigella sonnei (Sonnei), a Pathogenic Clone* Department ofMicrobiology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia Received 1 June

Lan, Ruiting

454

An automated, broad-based, near real-time public health surveillance system using presentations to hospital Emergency Departments in New South Wales, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background In a climate of concern over bioterrorism threats and emergent diseases, public health authorities are trialling more timely surveillance systems. The 2003 Rugby World Cup (RWC) provided an opportunity to test the viability of a near real-time syndromic surveillance system in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. We describe the development and early results of this largely automated system that used data routinely collected in Emergency Departments (EDs). Methods Twelve of 49 EDs in the Sydney metropolitan area automatically transmitted surveillance data from their existing information systems to a central database in near real-time. Information captured for each ED visit included patient demographic details, presenting problem and nursing assessment entered as free-text at triage time, physician-assigned provisional diagnosis codes, and status at departure from the ED. Both diagnoses from the EDs and triage text were used to assign syndrome categories. The text information was automatically classified into one or more of 26 syndrome categories using automated "naïve Bayes" text categorisation techniques. Automated processes were used to analyse both diagnosis and free text-based syndrome data and to produce web-based statistical summaries for daily review. An adjusted cumulative sum (cusum) was used to assess the statistical significance of trends. Results During the RWC the system did not identify any major public health threats associated with the tournament, mass gatherings or the influx of visitors. This was consistent with evidence from other sources, although two known outbreaks were already in progress before the tournament. Limited baseline in early monitoring prevented the system from automatically identifying these ongoing outbreaks. Data capture was invisible to clinical staff in EDs and did not add to their workload. Conclusion We have demonstrated the feasibility and potential utility of syndromic surveillance using routinely collected data from ED information systems. Key features of our system are its nil impact on clinical staff, and its use of statistical methods to assign syndrome categories based on clinical free text information. The system is ongoing, and has expanded to cover 30 EDs. Results of formal evaluations of both the technical efficiency and the public health impacts of the system will be described subsequently. PMID:16372902

Muscatello, David J; Churches, Tim; Kaldor, Jill; Zheng, Wei; Chiu, Clayton; Correll, Patricia; Jorm, Louisa

2005-01-01

455

APA_poster09[1].pptx  

Cancer.gov

Department of Upper GI Surgery, Bankstown Hospital, Sydney Australia, 4 Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Centre, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes, Baltimore, USA, 5 Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane Australia, 6 Department of Anatomical Pathology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney Australia Introduction Ethics Large scale cancer projects such as the International Cancer Genome Consortium (www.icgc.org) demonstrate the power of comprehensive genomic characterisation for understanding cancer biology and impacting patient care.

456

Northern Australia  

Atmospheric Science Data Center

article title:  Tropical Northern Australia     View Larger Image ... Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) images of tropical northern Australia were acquired on June 1, 2000 (Terra orbit 2413) during the long dry ...

2013-04-16

457

Estuarine macrobenthic community structure in the Hawkesbury River, Australia: relationships with sediment physicochemical and anthropogenic parameters.  

PubMed

Macrobenthic community assemblage diversity and abundance were monitored on both Cowan and Berowra Creeks in the estuarine reaches of the Hawkesbury River, Sydney Australia during 1997-1998. Natural sediment physicochemical differences were assessed, along with low-level anthropogenic contaminants including copper, lead, zinc, phosphorus and nitrogen. Contaminant levels at all sites were below sediment guideline values for biological effects. Natural physicochemical sediment differences were the main determinants in species assemblage patterns among sites. Three groupings of sites with similar assemblages were observed during February 1998. Berowra Creek sites, which were higher in organic content and silt/clay (and thus metals and nutrients), higher in pH and lower in salinity, were similar in terms of contributions by the polychaetes Ceratoneresis aequisetis, Scoloplos normalis, the isopod Cyathura hakea and the bivalve mollusc Soletellina alba. Sites on upper Cowan Creek, higher in organic content, silt/clay (nutrients and metals) and lower in salinity, were similar and separated from other sites in terms of the polychaete Carazziella victoriensis and the gastropod mollusc Nassarius jonasii. Sites lower in Cowan Creek, tended to be higher in sand content, more saline and lower in organic content and thus nutrient and metal concentrations. These sites were similar in terms of contributions of the polychaete Sigalion bandaensis and the bivalve molluscs, Mysella vitrea and Tellina deltoidalis. The biotic assemblage patterns were not maintained temporally, suggesting the importance of monitoring over time to assess possible future impacts. Aggregating species data to the family level resulted in similar site discrimination. Site differences were less distinct at higher taxonomic levels and suggests future monitoring at the family level is sufficient to detect assemblage differences among sites. The results obtained represent the difficulty in detecting responses to low-level contamination at the community level, and provide a sound anticipatory baseline for the assessment of future possible anthropogenic disturbance in the Hawkesbury River. PMID:11693554

MacFarlane, G R; Booth, D J

2001-11-01

458

Mechanism of grain growth during severe plastic deformation of a nanocrystalline NiFe alloy  

E-print Network

, Mechanical & Mechatronic Engineering, the University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia 2 Los Alamos & Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7919, USA Received 23 November

Zhu, Yuntian T.

459

REPRODUCTIVEOIJTPUTIT{TWOSPECIESOF SMALLELAPIDSMKES  

E-print Network

BiologcalSciencesAO8,TheUnivercityof Sydney,NSW2006 The frontianged venomous snakes of Australia @nstitute a Em6rkableEircalMtk has showna broad sinilanry betweenthese tso generain diets (bothfeed on lizards andfrogs

Shine, Rick

460

Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint or re-publish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new  

E-print Network

Parker, Jonathan Scott, James Rathmell and Mohamed Sayed A bstract--S-parameters measured under pulsed is with The Department of Electronics, Macquarie University, Sydney Australia, 2113 Jonathan Scott and James Rathmell

461

A model-driven top-down approach to inter-organizational systems: From global choreography models to executable BPEL  

E-print Network

to executable BPEL Birgit Hofreiter, Christian Huemer University of Technology Sydney, Australia, birgith@it.uts.edu.au Vienna University of Technology, Austria, huemer@big.tuwien.ac.at Abstract Today, most approaches

462

A Random Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of papers presented at the 25th International Geological Congress held August 16-25, 1976, Sydney, Australia. Topics include precambrian geology, tectonics, biostratigraphy, geochemistry, quaternary geology, engineering geology, planetology, geological education, and stress environments. (SL)

Cochran, Wendell

1976-01-01

463

Study Casts Doubt on Acetaminophen for Low Back Pain, Arthritis  

MedlinePLUS

... Global Health at the University of Sydney in Australia. The researchers analyzed 10 studies that examined the ... individual patient is lost," said Dr. Houman Danesh, director of integrative pain management at Mount Sinai School ...

464

ICSN 2010  

Cancer.gov

International Cancer Screening Network 2010 June 23?25, 2010 | Oxford, United Kingdom PARTICIPANT LIST AUSTRALIA John Boyages, Ph.D., FRANZCR Executive Director Westmead Hospital Radiation Oncologist P.O. Box 143 Westmead Sydney, New South Wales 2145

465

FrostWall: a Dual-Sided Situated Display for Informal Collaboration in the Corridor  

E-print Network

Kjeldskov1 , Jeni Paay 2 , Kenton O'Hara 3 , Ross Smith 4 and Bruce Thomas 4 1 Aalborg University, Department of Computer Science, Denmark, jesper@cs.aau.dk 2 CSIRO ICT Centre, Sydney, Australia, jeni

Thomas, Bruce

466

Cognitive Neuropsychology twenty years on Alfonso Caramazza  

E-print Network

Cognitive Neuropsychology twenty years on Alfonso Caramazza Cognitive Neuropsychology Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA Max Coltheart Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia Cognitive neuropsychology began in the second half of the nineteenth

Caramazza, Alfonso

467

Analysis of the efficiency of urban commercial vehicle tours: Data collection, methodology, and policy implications  

E-print Network

and Logistics Studies, Faculty of Economics & Business Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Abstract The emphasis). However, the overall impact of urban freight on congestion can be significantly higher than the sheer

Bertini, Robert L.

468

11th Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology 2003 (ISMB 2003)  

PubMed Central

This report profiles the keynote talks given at ISMB03 in Brisbane, Australia by Ron Shamir, David Haussler, John Mattick, Yoshihide Hayashizaki, Sydney Brenner, the Overton Prize winner, Jim Kent, and the ISCB Senior Accomplishment Awardee, David Sankov. PMID:18629025

2003-01-01

469

Authoritarianism: Factor Structure of a Middle-Childhood Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a factor-analytic enquiry into the structure of an "authoritarianism" scale for middle childhood. The scale was developed to assess the social attitudes of primary school children in Sydney, Australia. (CM)

Phillips, Shelley

1979-01-01

470

Privatizing Australia  

SciTech Connect

The sun is setting on Australia`s long tradition of state involvement in business. As part of efforts begun in the late-1980`s to stem the tide of debt rising within Australian federal and state treasuries, government-owned entities are being corporatized and privatized, and private companies are sponsoring a large share of the country`s new infrastructure projects.

Burr, M.T.

1995-07-01

471

Structural evolution of the early Permian Nambucca Block (New England Orogen, eastern Australia) and implications for oroclinal bending  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Paleozoic to early Mesozoic southern New England Orogen of eastern Australia exhibits a remarkable ear-shaped curvature (orocline), but the geodynamic processes responsible for its formation are unclear. Oroclinal bending took place during the early Permian, simultaneously with the deposition of the rift-related Sydney, Gunnedah, and Bowen basins, which bound the oroclines to the west. The Nambucca Block is another early Permian rift basin, but it is situated in the core of the oroclinal structure. Here we present new stratigraphic, structural, and geochronological data from the Nambucca Block in an attempt to better understand its tectonic history and relationships to the formation of the oroclines. We recognized four phases of folding and associated structural fabrics (S1-4), with the second phase (S2) dated at 275-265 Ma by 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of muscovite. This age overlaps with independent constraints on the timing of oroclinal bending, suggesting that the earlier two phases of deformation in the Nambucca Block (F1 and F2) were associated with orocline formation. We propose that oroclinal bending involved three major stages. The first stage (<300 Ma) was associated with variations in rates of trench rollback and formation of rift basins in a hot extensional back-arc setting. This was followed by a second stage of oroclinal bending, possibly linked to dextral wrench faulting, which involved ~ N-S contraction (F1). Subsequent deformation at 275-265 Ma involved formation of nappe-style structures (F2). This phase of contractional deformation may have resulted from an increased plate coupling that was possibly linked to flat-slab subduction.

Shaanan, Uri; Rosenbaum, Gideon; Li, Pengfei; Vasconcelos, Paulo

2014-07-01

472

Minority stress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults in Australia: associations with psychological distress, suicidality, and substance use.  

PubMed

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other same-sex attracted young people have been shown to be at a higher risk of mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, suicidality, and substance abuse, compared to their heterosexual peers. Homophobic prejudice and stigma are often thought to underlie these disparities. In this study, the relationship between such experiences of social derogation and mental health and substance use in same-sex attracted young people was examined using Meyer's minority stress theory. An online survey recruited 254 young women and 318 young men who identified as same-sex attracted, were aged 18-25 years, and lived in Sydney, Australia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that internalized homophobia, perceived stigma, and experienced homophobic physical abuse were associated with higher levels of psychological distress and self-reported suicidal thoughts in the previous month. Furthermore, perceived stigma and homophobic physical abuse were associated with reporting a lifetime suicide attempt. The association between minority stress and substance use was inconsistent. While, as expected, higher levels of perceived stigma were associated with club drug dependence, there was an inverse association between internalized homophobia and club drug use, and between perceived stigma and hazardous alcohol use. The findings of this study provide support for the minority stress theory proposition that chronic social stress due to sexual orientation is associated with poorer mental health. The high rates of mental health and substance use problems in the current study suggest that same-sex attracted young people should continue to be a priority population for mental health and substance use intervention and prevention. PMID:24573397

Lea, Toby; de Wit, John; Reynolds, Robert

2014-11-01

473

Thermal evolution of rifted continental margins: new evidence from fission tracks in basement apatites from southeastern Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Palaeozoic granitic basement of southeastern Australia shows a regular pattern of apatite fission track ages which is dominated by a rapid decrease in apparent age towards the rifted continental margin. Apparent ages away from the margin vary between about 230 and 360 Myr but drop sharply to minimum values of around 80 Myr near the coast just south of the Sydney Basin and 150-175 Myr elsewhere along the coast. Fission track length information allows the age pattern to be interpreted as the result of partial to complete resetting of the older ages by a widespread thermal event at about 80-100 Myr. This event accompanied the rift phase of passive margin development and peaked just before the onset of sea-floor spreading in the adjacent Tasman Sea. The zone of reduced apatite ages is deeply embayed around the Gippsland Basin supporting the suggestion that it originated as a Cretaceous "failed" arm of the Tasman rift system. The thermal event has affected apatites up to about 130 km from the margin and has produced a characteristic set of bimodal track length distributions in apatites with partially reset ages. The bimodality gradually disappears towards the oldest apatite ages which have negatively skewed unimodal distributions. The youngest apatites also tend towards unimodal length distributions indicating that thermal annealing of pre-existing tracks in these samples went almost to completion. Maximum temperatures reached in samples presently exposed in the coastal area were thus probably about 110-120°C. Thermal activity was accompanied by considerable uplift across the region followed by gradual erosion to expose the present land surface. Post-breakup erosion was generally greater towards the new coastline, with near-coastal samples being previously buried a probable 1.5-2.5 km.

Moore, Marilyn E.; Gleadow, Andrew J. W.; Lovering, John F.

1986-06-01

474

Impediments to improvements in service quality in luxury hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to identify the key factors that impede service quality delivery in the context of luxury hotels (four- and five-star properties) in Sydney, Australia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The empirical dataset for this qualitative study was collected through 22 individual semi-structured interviews with senior hotel managers of ten luxury hotels in Sydney, Australia. The technique

Rayka Presbury; Anneke Fitzgerald; Ross Chapman

2005-01-01

475

Population policies in Southeast Asia and Australia: the international relevance of domestic affairs.  

PubMed

There are 2 underlying themes to this paper: national perceptions of population circumstances at home and abroad are the crucial determinants of population policies adopted, and the differences in perceptions help explain why national reactions differ to circumtances which appear similar; and population policy, though an internal matter, has international repercussions and thus can become a sensitive issue in international relations. Until recently, ASEAN countries were united with Vietnam on at least 1 issue: attitudes toward the growth and changing distribution of their populations. The objectives were slower growth through lowered fertility, resistance to immigration from abroad except in very special circumstances, resettlement of population to undeveloped areas with potential for agriculture, and slowing the growth of big cities. The Australian situation differed. As a high income nation populated primarily through immigration and set in a region of far more populous and densely settled nations, Australia's policy favored population growth and used an immigration program as a way to realize this end. Yet, even so, population growth in most postwar years was slower than that of all Southeast Asian nations. And, although immigration was encouraged, the resistance to immigration that characterized Southeast Asian countries was shared by Australia with respect to all but North Western Europeans, an "acceptable" category progressively widened by dint of curcumstances to include Eastern Europeans, then Southern Europeans, then certain Middle Eastern peoples, and finally Asians and Latin Americans. Australia shared with Southeast Asian nations the concern with big-city growth and like the Southeast Asian nations searched for appropriate policies to contain this growth and promote that of smaller cities and towns. This search stopped in the 1970s when the report of the National Population showed that accepted projections of the populations of Sydney and Melbourne had been unrealisticably high. Until 1983 Southeast Asia presented a fairly united front on population policy matters. The momentous break occurred when the Malaysian Prime Minister announced to his current 15 million people a target of 70 million for Malaysia's population and followed this up with pronatalist policies in support of this goal. The key point in the context of this paper, is to emphasize that perceptions of national self-interest have led to the adoption of widely divergent policies in neighboring Malaysia and Singapore. Singapore is offering strong financial incentives for its socioeconomically disadvantaged groups to have fewer children. Malaysia's incentives to have more people will have most impact on the disadvantaged groups. There is little difference between Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Vietnam on fertility goals, and their perceptions of the problem appear similar. Malaysian population and ethnic policies have had a number of direct effects on Australia. It was ethnic politics that determined Malaysia's hard line attitude toward Vietnamese refugees. Australia's acceptance of large numbers of Vietnamese refugees probably resulted as much from the strong pressure applied by ASEAN nations to do so as from humanitarian grounds. Another aspect of Malaysian ethnic politics which has had direct repercussions on Australia is the discrimination against non-Malay students for places in Malaysian universities. PMID:12267174

Jones, G W

1984-01-01

476

Southeastern Australia  

Atmospheric Science Data Center

... title:  Drought and Burn Scars in Southeastern Australia     View Larger Image ... instead the pale yellow-brown of the underlying soils and geology. Significant reduction in the surface area of several large and ...

2013-04-16

477

Environment Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Environment and Heritage Web site, Environment Australia, gives an overview of environmental concerns of the country. Topics covered include the atmosphere, biodiversity, coasts and oceans, inland waters, land management, meteorology, and more. The site gives an interesting look into the unique problems and concerns that Australia is faced with and what its governmental agencies are doing to protect its resources. Many additional links are available on the main page for those interested in more information, such as databases and publications.

478

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page A1 APPENDIX B: RELEVANT LEGISLATION FOR THE  

E-print Network

Ownership) Act 1996; and · Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997. NSW National Parks & Wildlife LEGISLATION FOR THE PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF ABORIGINAL CULTURAL HERITAGE IN NEW SOUTH WALES INTRODUCTION to the management and protection of Aboriginal cultural heritage in New South Wales. Further information can

Viglas, Anastasios

479

Religious identity and ‘secular’ employment: a case study of young Muslim women graduates in the Sydney workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics reveals that Muslim women attend Australian universities in\\u000a greater proportion than non-Muslim women. They are graduating with qualifications that equip them for employment in the professional\\u000a workforce. While some elect to work within what might be viewed as a ‘protected’ environment in Muslim-run or Muslim-focused\\u000a businesses or organisations, many others enter the

Gai Scott; Majella Franzmann

2007-01-01

480

SEVENTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF FAMILY STUDIES CONFERENCE Family futures: issues in research and policy: Sydney 24 - 26 July \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature vs. nurture debate on whether it is biology or environment that causes human beings to choose certain roles and lifestyles is a perennial controversy in sociobiology, but since the seventies the debate has been extended to whether nurture, i.e. culture, can override biology and be a determinant of sex itself. This paper critiques the \\

Babette Francis

481

The Wild Life of Pesticides: urban agriculture, institutional responsibility, and the future of biodiversity in Sydney's Hawkesbury-Nepean River  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural chemicals are a notoriously intractable source of environmental pollution. Offering enhanced agricultural productivity, they simultaneously risk degrading the ecological basis upon which agriculture depends. This paper considers chemicalisation as a cause of the erosion of aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem resilience, focusing on the Hawkesbury-Nepean River and the small-scale horticulturalists who supply the city's fresh vegetable markets, working under the

Roel Plant; Jeremy Walker; Scott Rayburg; Jacqueline Gothe; Teresa Leung

2012-01-01

482

Large-Eddy Simulation of the Sydney Swirling NonPremixed Flame and Validation of Several Subgrid-Scale Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methane–air swirling diffusion flame is studied by large-eddy simulation (LES) using second-order moment (SOM) and simplified PDF subgrid-scale (SGS) combustion models, Smagorinsky-Lilly and dynamic kinetic energy (DKE) subgrid-scale (SGS) stress models. The predictions are validated by the experimental data. For LES statistics, comparison of the predicted axial and tangential time-averaged and root-mean-square (RMS) fluctuation velocities, temperature, RMS fluctuation temperature,

L. Y. Hu; L. X. Zhou; Y. H. Luo

2008-01-01

483

What Role Can Community Contact Play in Heritage Language Literacy Development? Japanese-English Bilingual Children in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When linguistic minority parents wish to develop and maintain their children's literacy in heritage languages (HLs), what can they do to help? How and to what extent do the individual contexts of language use and background affect the development and maintenance of HL literacy, compared with the sociocultural context of community? What are the…

Oriyama, Kaya

2012-01-01

484

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan --October 2002 Page 5 2. SUMMARY HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE  

E-print Network

forms the watershed between Port Jackson and Botany Bay. An arm of the ridge system extends north from to date. The upper reaches of several creeks running into Port Jackson have their headwaters within proximity to the university grounds, west and east of the Petersham Ridge, may have attracted occasional

Viglas, Anastasios

485

UNIVeRSITy Of SyDNey W I N T e R 2 0 1 2  

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in sub-Saharan Africa, and is also found in parts of the Middle east, Asia, and among migrant groups Kofi Annan acknowledged the strain on traditional development strategies in Africa ­ largely caused, such as AusAID, and our membership of international networks including APRU and WUN. Speaking about Africa

Viglas, Anastasios

486

The effect of a culture-specific education program to promote breastfeeding among Vietnamese women in Sydney.  

PubMed

The rate of breastfeeding among immigrant Vietnamese women in Western countries is low compared to those in Vietnam. To counteract this trend, a language and culture specific education program was developed. An experimental design was used to test the effectiveness of this program. The sample consisted of 182 prenatal Vietnamese women. Data collection included questionnaires and interviews. Results suggested that the education program had significant effects on knowledge, attitudes, planned and actual behaviour towards breastfeeding. However, the effect did not sustain until 6 months postpartum. Implications for nursing practice and further research are discussed. PMID:7928125

Rossiter, J C

1994-08-01

487

Harvard UniversityNanjing UniversityUniversity of Sydney The Third International Summer School for China Studies  

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conclusion of the 2012 Summer School): Appraisal of enrollees' performance at the summer school, based studies an opportunity to understand China; To share academic wisdom with outstanding researchers in gratifying communication between different cultures; Classroom activities complemented by field research

Wu, Yih-Min

488

‘Shades of grey’: spaces in and beyond trafficking for Thai Women involved in commercial sexual labour in Sydney and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I explore the migration trajectories of some Thai women trafficked internationally for commercial sexual exploitation, suggesting that many figuratively ‘cross the border’ between coerced and consensual existence in volatile migrant sex industries during the course of their migration experiences, thus complicating debates around the notion of choice in ‘sex’ trafficking. In exploring these women's transitions I seek

Sallie Yea

2011-01-01

489

‘Shades of grey’: spaces in and beyond trafficking for Thai Women involved in commercial sexual labour in Sydney and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I explore the migration trajectories of some Thai women trafficked internationally for commercial sexual exploitation, suggesting that many figuratively ‘cross the border’ between coerced and consensual existence in volatile migrant sex industries during the course of their migration experiences, thus complicating debates around the notion of choice in ‘sex’ trafficking. In exploring these women's transitions I seek

Sallie Yea

2012-01-01

490

Read ACROSS for project teams. Amarnani,Neena Narayan Rosen,Joelle Sydney Skatter,Kelli Marie  

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,Jonathan Maslowski,Mariel Lorenz,Melanie Lynn Pospesel,Cole Michuda,Thomas Michael Reichert,Megan Miller,Jacob Herman,Max Isaac Chiswick,Lisa Blair Glass,Samantha Beth Bader,Emily Klein,Kelly Meg Siboni,Asher Beck

Wardrop, Robert L.