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1

Immigration and Housing in an Emerging Global City, Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

By 2001, 33 per cent of Sydney's population of 4.2 million was born overseas. In the previous 15 years, 38 per cent of all immigrants to Australia settled in Sydney compared to the national population share of 21 per cent. Housing costs are highest in Sydney of any of the metropolitan cities in Australia and Sydney's emergence as a global

I. H. Burnley

2005-01-01

2

2000 Olympic Games: A Climatology for Sydney, Australia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides climatological summaries for Sydney, Australia, site of this years Olympic Games from September 13 - October 1, 2000. Sydney has a rather mild climate, with usually favorable weather conditions for athletic events during September whi...

N. Lott T. Ross

2000-01-01

3

The emergence of urban agriculture: Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Across the world the phenomenon of urban agriculture (UA) is defining itself after emerging from a mainly grass-roots response, evidenced in the Sydney Metropolitan Region by the Hawkesbury Harvest phenomenon and the Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, to powerful global forces which are negatively and paradoxically impacting on the quality of life of urban and farming communities. In the developed world

David Mason; Ian Knowd

2010-01-01

4

Sydney Aquarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site includes a wealth of information on the Sydney Aquarium in Australia. It also features a virtual tour of the aquarium, webcams, games, virtual pets, extensive Australian habitats information, and Ask Professor Mullet, a collection of forums where students can ask questions and discuss marine science topics.

5

Farming the Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea commercialis) in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial production of Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea commercialis) in Australia began simultaneously in New South Wales (NSW) and southern Queensland around 1870. It began with the exploitation of dredge beds, intertidal oyster beds, and with the placement of a range of catching and growing substrates such as sticks, slabs of rocks, and shell placed on intertidal mud flats. As dredge

John A. Nell

1993-01-01

6

The 2000 Olympic Games: A Climatology for Sydney, Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Meteorologists attending or following the 2000 Summer Olympics will enjoy the data tables, maps, and discussion of Sydney, Australia's climatology provided in this 22-page publication. For example, average temperature, rainfall, and wind direction data for this Olympic venue are given. Color maps accompany text and tables.

7

The Sydney 2000 Olympic Games Bid: Marketing Indigenous Australia for the Millennium Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

The almost universal reaction across Australia to the 1993 announcement that Sydney would host the 2000 Olympic Games was one of elation. Since the bid launch in 1990, the city of Sydney and the nation had been urged to ‘Share the Spirit’ and maintain enthusiasm for the possibility of hosting the Millennium Olympics. The bid campaign appeared to be a

Leanne White

2011-01-01

8

SEROLOGICAL EVALUATION OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM OOCYSTS FINDINGS IN THE WATER SUPPLY OF SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

EPA Science Inventory

From July to September, 1998, high levels of Cryptospordium oocysts and Giardia cysts were detected in Sydney, Australia drinking water. To evaluate whether Sydney residents had an elevated risk of infection, serological responses to two Cryptospordium antigen groups (15/17 - an...

9

Everyday astronomy @ Sydney Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Catering to a broad range of audiences, including many non-English speaking visitors, Sydney Observatory offers everything from school programmes to public sessions, day care activities to night observing, personal interactions to web-based outreach. With a history of nearly 150 years of watching the heavens, Sydney Observatory is now engaged in sharing the wonder with everybody in traditional and innovative ways. Along with time-honoured tours of the sky through two main telescopes, as well as a small planetarium, Sydney Observatory also boasts a 3D theatre, and offers programmes 363 days a year - rain or shine, day and night. Additionally, our website neversleeps, with a blog, YouTube videos, and night sky watching podcasts. And for good measure, a sprinkling of special events such as the incomparable Festival of the Stars, for which most of northern Sydney turns out their lights. Sydney Observatory is the oldest working observatory in Australia, and we're thrilled to be looking forward to our 150th Anniversary next year in anticipation of the International Year of Astronomy immediately thereafter.

Parello, S. L.

2008-06-01

10

GHB in Sydney, Australia, 2000–2006: A case study of the EDRS as a strategic early warning system  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThis paper documents the operation of Australia's Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS), using multiple data sources to document trends in gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) use in Sydney, Australia between the years 2000–2006.

Matthew Dunn; Libby Topp; Louisa Degenhardt

2009-01-01

11

Severe Hemorrhagic Meningoencephalitis Due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis Among Young Children in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Angiostrongylus cantonensis is the most common cause of eosinophilic meningitis worldwide. We describe 2 cases among young children from Sydney, Australia, where locally acquired infection of children has not been reported previously. Both cases manifested as severe hemorrhagic meningoencephalitis, one resulting in death. Angiostrongyliasis must be considered in acute neurological presentations occurring among individuals who live in endemic areas. PMID:23843445

Morton, Nikola J; Britton, Philip; Palasanthiran, Pamela; Bye, Ann; Sugo, Ella; Kesson, Alison; Ardern-Holmes, Simone; Snelling, Thomas L

2013-07-09

12

Effect of wharves on intertidal assemblages on seawalls in Sydney Harbour, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide, urbanisation has resulted in extensive replacement of natural habitats with man-made habitats. In Sydney Harbour, Australia, approximately half of the natural foreshore has been replaced by seawalls. Many of these have wharves built over part of their length, which could affect intertidal assemblages on seawalls beneath the wharves. This was tested by sampling and comparing assemblages under and not

David J. Blockley

2007-01-01

13

Benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages in remediated wetlands around Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

To investigate potential high organisational level impacts of persistent organic pollution in the wetlands in the Sydney Olympic Park (SOP) remediated site, the benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages of seven wetlands within SOP and two off-site reference wetlands were examined. Sediment cores were collected, stained and preserved from each study site and the macroinvertebrates identified to the appropriate taxonomic level (Class, Order, Family, Subfamily). Data were analysed for taxon richness and macroinvertebrate abundance and multivariate techniques were used to identify chemical/physical characteristics of the sediment, which were important influences on the differences in the assemblage between study sites. Macroinvertebrate abundance was highly variable between study sites and taxon richness was low across all sites. Oligochaetes, nematodes, ostracods and chironomids were the most common taxa found and were the most important in influencing differences between the macroinvertebrate assemblages among the study sites. Sediment grain size and chemical characteristics of the sediments (?PAH, ?PCB, TCDDeq and heavy metal concentrations) were important in separating the study sites based on taxon richness and abundance. Canonical correspondence analysis separated the macroinvertebrate assemblages at newly two created wetlands from those at other study sites including the urban reference sites. Increased sediment POP contamination (particularly as measured TCDDeq and ?DDT concentrations) is a likely contributor in excluding pollution sensitive taxa and, therefore, alterations to benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages. Further, the influence of TOC suggests the significance of catchment inputs in contributing to changes in macroinvertebrate assemblage. The SOP remediation led to the establishment of wetlands with benthic communities representative of those expected in urban wetlands. PMID:20857194

Rawson, Christopher A; Lim, Richard P; Tremblay, Louis A; Warne, Michael St J; Ying, Guang-Guo; Laginestra, Edwina; Chapman, John C

2010-09-21

14

Hydrogeochemical studies of groundwater from reclaimed land adjacent to Rozelle Bay, Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study is undertaken to evaluate the anthropogenic influences of groundwater during tidal cycles in Bicentennial\\u000a Park adjacent to Rozelle Bay, Sydney, Australia and to explain the geochemical processes controlling trace metal distributions.\\u000a Results reveal that major ion and trace element compositions of groundwater are predominantly influenced by different types\\u000a of waste materials (construction materials or dredged marine sediments)

Jeong-Yul Suh

2004-01-01

15

Public–private partnerships and contested cultural heritage tourism in national parks: a case study of the stakeholder views of the North Head Quarantine Station (Sydney, Australia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the public perceptions of stakeholders towards a proposed cultural heritage public–private partnership (PPP) within a national park in Sydney, Australia. Governments in Australia are initiating PPPs for the purposes of designing, planning, constructing and operating projects that would traditionally be regarded as ‘public goods’. The North Head Quarantine Station (Sydney, Australia) was one of the first proposed

Simon Darcy; Stephen Wearing

2009-01-01

16

Sydney's 1998 water quality crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A drinking water quality crisis occurred in Sydney, Australia, from July through September 1998. High concentrations of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts were repeatedly observed in water samples collected in the distribution system, although no increase in waterborne disease was detected. The reported concentrations of both cysts and oocysts ranged from nondetects to thousands of parasites per 100 L of

Jennifer L. Clancy

2000-01-01

17

CATALPA Forum Report (Sydney, Australia, October 8-9, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents papers and summaries of workshops from a forum on adult literacy training hosted by the Coordinating Agency for Training Adult Literacy Personnel in Australia (CATALPA). An explanation of the nature and aims of the CATALPA project, a brief foreword, and a copy of the forum program are provided, followed by papers presented by…

Coordinating Agency for Training Adult Literacy Personnel in Australia.

18

Shooting Gallery Operation in the Context of Establishing a Medically Supervised Injecting Center: Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Shooting galleries (SGs) are illicit off-street spaces close to drug markets used for drug injection. Supervised injecting facilities (SIFs) are low threshold health services where injecting drug users (IDUs) can inject pre-obtained drugs under supervision. This study describes SG use in Kings Cross, Sydney before and after the opening of the Sydney Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC), Australia’s first SIF. Operational and environmental characteristics of SGs, reasons for SG use, and willingness to use MSIC were also examined. An exploratory survey of SG users (n?=?31), interviews with SG users (n?=?17), and drug workers (n?=?8), and counts of used needles routinely collected from SGs (6 months before and after MSIC) and visits to the MSIC (6 months after MSIC) were triangulated. We found five SGs operated during the study period. Key operational characteristics were 24-h operation, AUS$10 entry fee, 30-min time limit, and dual use for sex work. Key reasons for SG use were to avoid police, a preference not to inject in public, and assistance from SG operators in case of overdose. SG users reported high levels of willingness to use the MSIC. The number of used needles collected from SGs decreased by 69% (41,819 vs. 12,935) in the 6 months after MSIC opened, while MSIC visits increased incrementally. We conclude that injections were transferred from SGs to the MSIC, but SGs continued to accommodate injections and harm reduction outreach should be maintained.

Dolan, Kate

2007-01-01

19

Impact of urban sprawl on overweight, obesity, and physical activity in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Obesity and inadequate physical activity are major risk factors for many diseases. The built environment plays an important role in influencing participation in physical activity. We aimed to determine whether urban sprawl in Sydney, Australia is associated with overweight/obesity and levels of physical activity. We used a cross-sectional multilevel study design to relate urban sprawl (based on population density) measured at an area level to overweight/obesity and levels of physical activity measured at an individual level whilst controlling for individual and area level covariates in metropolitan Sydney. Individual level data were obtained from the 2002 and 2003 New South Wales Population Health Survey. We had information on 7,290 respondents. The mean population density was 2,168 persons per square kilometer (standard deviation=1,741, range=218-7,045). After controlling for individual and area level covariates, for an inter-quartile increase in sprawl, the odds of being overweight was 1.26 (95% CI=1.10-1.44), the odds of being obese was 1.47 (95% CI=1.24-1.75), the odds of inadequate physical activity was 1.38 (95% CI=1.21-1.57), and the odds of not spending any time walking during the past week was 1.58 (95% CI=1.28-1.93). Living in more sprawling suburbs increases the risk of overweight/obesity and inadequate physical activity despite the relatively low levels of urban sprawl in metropolitan Sydney. Modifications to the urban environment to increase physical activity may be worthwhile. PMID:19052877

Garden, Frances L; Jalaludin, Bin B

2008-12-04

20

Primary School Sex Education Programs: Views and experiences of teachers in four primary schools in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This small-scale study draws on qualitative data from four government primary schools in Sydney, Australia to investigate the sex education given to grade five and six primary school children by their teachers. This article explores the sexuality issues teachers find difficult to discuss, and reports the concerns teachers have when teaching sexuality education. The practices teachers adopt to encourage parent-teacher

Jan Milton

2003-01-01

21

Air pollution and hospital admissions in Sydney, Australia, 1990 to 1994.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of outdoor air pollutants on daily hospital admissions in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: A time-series analysis of counts of daily hospital admissions and outdoor air pollutants (1990 to 1994) was performed, by means of Poisson regression that allowed for overdispersion and autocorrelation. RESULTS: An increase in daily maximum 1-hour concentration of nitrogen dioxide from the 10th to the 90th percentile was associated with an increase of 5.29% (95% confidence interval = 1.07, 9.68) in childhood asthma admissions and 4.60%(-0.17,9.61) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) admissions. A similar increase in daily maximum 1-hour particulate concentration was associated with an increase of 3.01% (-0.38, 6.52) in COPD admissions. An increase from the 10th to the 90th percentile in daily maximum 1-hour nitrogen dioxide, daily maximum 1-hour ozone, and daily mean particulate was associated with an increase in heart disease admissions among those 65 years and older of 6.71% (4.25, 9.23), 2.45% (-0.37, 5.35), and 2.82% (0.90, 4.77), respectively. Heart disease and childhood asthma were primarily associated with nitrogen dioxide; COPD was associated with both nitrogen dioxide and particulates. CONCLUSIONS: Current levels of air pollution in Sydney are associated with increased hospitalization for respiratory and heart disease.

Morgan, G; Corbett, S; Wlodarczyk, J

1998-01-01

22

Salt weathering and experimental desalination treatment of building sandstone, Sydney (Australia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local sandstone used in nineteenth century buildings in Sydney has been affected by salt weathering and surface crust formation.\\u000a This study trialled two approaches, namely washing-and-vacuuming and poulticing, to salt-removal treatment of weathered sandstone\\u000a blocks from the Sydney Hospital and Australian Museum. Both treatments removed solutes from the stones in laboratory tests.\\u000a ICP\\/titration of sampled scrapings at depths of 0–2,

Deirdre Dragovich; Matthew Egan

2011-01-01

23

The origin and variability of major cold water events observed off Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Western boundary current regions do not tend to experience prolonged upwelling seasons compared with eastern boundary current regions. None the less, sporadic event-driven uplift of the isotherms can occur. The continental shelf off Sydney, Australia, occasionally experiences such events. The continental shelf in this region is influenced by intrusions of the East Australia Current, it's eddies and wind stress. These physical processes can force isotherms to uplift leading to the observation of lower temperature for a period of time. Water column temperature data from a near shore mooring off Bondi, Sydney, collected between May 2006 and June 2011 shows that, while a seasonal cycle in temperature is observed, there can be large fluctuation from the average for a given month. These anomalies occur more often in summer (where there can be dramatic shifts in the temperature) than in winter. Some of these anomalies in temperature may be attributed to events driven by the presence of offshore eddies and/or the influence of the wind. Using high passed filtered temperature data, we have identified twenty-nine such events between May 2006 and June 2011 where cold water anomalies have occurred. Using current data from the mooring, wind data from an onshore site at Kurnell, Sydney and satellite sea surface temperature and current data, we visually assessed each event to determine the dominate forcing mechanism; either an eddy/East Australia Current intrusion and/or wind stress. The major forcing mechanism was the interaction of a strong southward flowing current with the sea floor causing onshore movement of subsurface cooler water. During these events some observations of onshore flows in the bottom boundary layer exceeded 0.07 m s-1. Forcing events caused by an upwelling favourable wind tended to be weaker and of a shorter duration. The isotherms were uplifted the greatest during periods where there was a strong southward flowing alongshore current combined with upwelling favourable wind stress. Results showed that each event is unique and dependent on the strength and duration of the forcing mechanism.

Wood, J. E.; Roughan, M.

2012-04-01

24

5 for Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ASE has a long history of sending students to the International Science School (ISS), having been doing so since 1968. The ISS is a free science education programme run biennially by the Science Foundation for Physics at the University of Sydney. ASE's role is to select the students and organise funding to enable the students and escorts to…

Berry, Bryan

2010-01-01

25

A profile of gaming machine players in clubs in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

New South Wales, Australia, is one of the major markets in the world for machine gaming, with its 1,441 registered clubs holding the dominant share of the state's machines. This study examined machine gambling behavior amongst a random sample of 3,000 club members from six of the largest clubs in Sydney, the capital city of New South Wales. The findings identify their machine gambling preferences and participation levels, isolate significant sociodemographic and other differences between gaming machine and non-gaming machine players, measure the prevalence of probable pathological gambling associated with machine gambling, and identify certain characteristics which differ significantly between probable pathological and non-pathological machine gamblers amongst the respondents. PMID:12096448

Hing, Nerilee; Breen, Helen

2002-01-01

26

Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers - changes over time and differences between Sydney and Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Cycling is important for health, transport, environmental and economic reasons. Newspaper reporting of cycling reflects and can influence public and policy maker attitudes towards resource allocation for cycling and cycling infrastructure, yet such coverage has not been systematically examined. Methods The Factiva electronic news archive was searched for articles referring to cycling published in four major metropolitan newspapers - two in Sydney and two in Melbourne, Australia, in the years from 1998 until 2008. After excluding articles not about cycling, there were 61 articles published in 1998, 45 in 1999, 51 in 2003, 82 in 2007 and 87 in 2008. Each article was coded for positive or negative orientation, and for framing of cyclists and cycling. Inter-rater reliability was calculated on a sample of 30 articles. Results Over the past decade there has been an increase in the reporting of cycling in the major newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne (from 106 in 1998/99 to 169 stories in 2007/08), with a significant increase in reporting of cycling in Melbourne, from 49 to 103 stories (p = 0.04). Recent reporting of cycling was generally positive (47% of articles, compared with 30% of articles which were negative) and focused on benefits such as health and the environment. Three quarters of negative stories involved injury or death of a cyclist. The Sydney based The Daily Telegraph reported the most negative stories (n = 60). We found positive framing of 'cycling' was more widespread than negative, whereas framing of 'cyclists' was more negative than positive. Conclusions Quantity of reporting of cycling varies over time and by newspaper, and even between newspapers in different cities owned by the same media company. News coverage appears to reflect developments in the different cities, with increases in positive reporting of cycling in Melbourne following increases in cycling in that city. Negative cycling newspaper stories may deter people from considering cycling as a transport option, but real physical or political improvements to the cycling environment may be necessary before coverage becomes more positive.

2010-01-01

27

Some observations on the acidity and composition of rainwater in Sydney, Australia, during the summer of 1980–81  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the summer of 1980–81, a rudimentary form of wet-only event sampling was employed to collect a total of 294 rainwater samples at 12 sites spread across the metropolitan region of Sydney, Australia's largest city. From the samples were determined conductivity, pH, ammonium, chloride and nitrate ion concentrations as well as deposited water volume. Supplementary data consisting of city-wide averaged

G. P. Ayers; R. W. Gillett

1984-01-01

28

Notre Dame students perform at Sydney Writers' Festival  

Microsoft Academic Search

11 students from The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus showcased their creative writing skills this week at the prestigious 2008 Sydney Writers’ Festival.\\u000aThe annual event, which features many of the world’s greatest writers, was once again held at the Walsh Bay facilities on Sydney Harbour and attracted over 100,000 visitors.\\u000aThe Arts and Sciences and Education students

Moira Saunders

2008-01-01

29

PREFACE: Proceedings of the 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi7), Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia, 8 14 July 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

At GR17 in Dublin in 2004, it was decided to hold GR18 in Sydney in 2007. Every six years, the GR conference (held every three years) and Amaldi meeting (held every two years) occur in the same year around July. This was to be the case in 2007. By mutual agreement of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation

Susan M. Scott; David E. McClelland

2008-01-01

30

Proceedings of the 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi7), Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia, 8–14 July 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

At GR17 in Dublin in 2004, it was decided to hold GR18 in Sydney in 2007. Every six years, the GR conference (held every three years) and Amaldi meeting (held every two years) occur in the same year around July. This was to be the case in 2007. By mutual agreement of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation

Susan M Scott; David E McClelland

2008-01-01

31

Vertical Hydrochemical Zonation in a Coastal Section of the Botany Sands Aquifer, Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Near Sydney, Australia, unconsolidated aeolian and alluvial sediments of Quaternary age form the Botany Sands aquifer and lie unconformably on Triassic-age sandstone (Narrabeen Group). Botany Bay is an inlet of the Pacific Ocean about 10 km south of the city centre. Reclamation of the northern foreshore of Botany Bay commenced in 1979. One impact of this reclamation was to move the saline interface in the aquifer southward. In 1993, a multi-level piezometer and a cored borehole were installed at a location coincident with the foreshore position, prior to reclamation. Analysis of data from this site indicates that distinctive hydrochemical zonation now exists within the aquifer. Southward-flowing groundwater has removed the saline water from the upper 24 m of the sand column. Below this depth, peat beds occur that appear to form the base of active aquifer flushing. Groundwater from beneath the peat beds has the chemical characteristics of partially flushed sea water. At a depth interval of 14-21 m, a contaminant plume has been identified; its probable source is a non-putrescible landfill, about 2.5 km up the groundwater gradient.

Lavitt, N.; Acworth, R. I.; Jankowski, J.

1997-02-01

32

Social impacts of the Sydney Olympics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper, drawing on social exchange theory, examines the changes in enthusiasm between 1998 and 2000 towards Sydney’s Olympics among a socially diverse sample of host city residents. In particular, it studies variables that differentiate respondents’ altering attitude. Results suggest that for the majority the reaction to Sydney’s Olympics intensified from 1998, reaching euphoria in September 2000. Elation was particularly

Gordon Waitt

2003-01-01

33

Synoptic analysis of heat-related mortality in Sydney, Australia, 1993–2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposure to extremely hot weather has been associated with increased mortality. Temporal Synoptic Index is an effective method\\u000a used to analyze the relationship between mortality and combined weather factors. The aim of this study is to examine the short-term\\u000a effect of ambient heat on mortality in Sydney during the warmest 6-month period (October–March) for the years 1993–2001. Eleven\\u000a synoptic categories

Pavla Vaneckova; Melissa A. Hart; Paul J. Beggs; Richard J. de Dear

2008-01-01

34

Synoptic analysis of heat-related mortality in Sydney, Australia, 1993-2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposure to extremely hot weather has been associated with increased mortality. Temporal Synoptic Index is an effective method used to analyze the relationship between mortality and combined weather factors. The aim of this study is to examine the short-term effect of ambient heat on mortality in Sydney during the warmest 6-month period (October-March) for the years 1993-2001. Eleven synoptic categories

Pavla Vaneckova; Melissa A. Hart; Paul J. Beggs; Richard J. de Dear

2008-01-01

35

Paleothermometry of the Sydney Basin  

SciTech Connect

Evidence from overprinting of magnetizations of Late Permian and Mesozoic rocks and from the rank of Permian coals and Mesozoic phytoclasts (coal particles) suggests that surface rocks in the Sydney Basin, eastern Australia, have been raised to temperatures of the order of 200 /sup 0/C or higher. As vitrinite reflectance, an index of coal rank or coalification, is postulated to vary predictably with temperature and time, estimates of the paleotemperatures in the Sydney Basin based on observed vitrinite reflectance measurements can be made in conjunction with reasonable assumptions about the tectonic and thermal histories of the basin. These estimates give maximum paleotemperatures of present day surface rocks in the range 60--249 /sup 0/C, depending on factors such as location in the basin, the thickness of the sediment eroded, and the maximum paleogeothermal gradient. Higher coal rank and, consequently, larger eroded thicknesses and paleogeothermal gradients occur along the eastern edge of the basin and may be related to seafloor spreading in the Tasman Sea on the basin's eastern margin. A theory of thermal activation of magnetization entailing the dependence of magnetic viscosity on the size distribution of the magnetic grains is used to obtain an independent estimate of the maximum paleotemperatures in the Sydney Basin. This estimate places the maximum paleotemperature in the range 250--300 /sup 0/C along the coastal region. Both coalification and thermal activation of magnetization models provide strong evidence of elevated paleotemperatures, which in places exceed 200 /sup 0/C, and the loss of sediment thicknesses in excess of 1 km due to erosion.

Middleton, M.F.; Schmidt, P.W.

1982-07-10

36

Quantifying reduction in ecological risk in Penrhyn Estuary, Sydney, Australia, following groundwater remediation.  

PubMed

The environmental risk associated with discharge of contaminated groundwater containing a complex mixture of at least 14 volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons (VCHs) to Penrhyn Estuary, Sydney, Australia has previously been assessed. That probabilistic ecological risk assessment (ERA) was undertaken using surface water monitoring data from 2004 to 2005. Subsequently, in 2006, a groundwater remediation system was installed and commissioned to prevent further discharge of VCHs into the estuary. The present study assessed the ecological risk posed to the estuary after 2006 to evaluate the success of the remediation system. The ERA was undertaken using toxicity data derived from direct toxicity assessment (DTA) of preremediation contaminated groundwater using indigenous species, exposure data from surface water monitoring between 2007 and 2008 and the joint probability curve (JPC) methodology. The risk posed was measured in 4 zones of the entire site: source area (2), tributary (2), the inner estuary and outer estuary at high, low, and a combination of high and low tides. In the 2 source areas, risk decreased by over 2 and over 1 orders of magnitude to maximum values of less than 0.5%. In 1 estuary, risk decreased by over 1 order of magnitude, from a maximum of 36% to a maximum of 2.3%. At the other tributary and both the inner and outer estuaries, the risk decreased to less than 1%, regardless of the tide. This analysis revealed that the remediation system was very effective and that the standard level of protection required for slightly to moderately affected ecosystems (95% of species) by the Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality was met postremediation. PMID:21557465

Hunt, James; Birch, Gavin; Warne, Michael

2011-08-24

37

Teachers' and parents' roles in the sexuality education of primary school children: a comparison of experiences in Leeds, UK and in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is little international research focusing on parents' and teachers' roles in sexuality education during children's primary school years. This paper focuses on teachers' and parents' key experiences as sexuality educators of primary?school?age children in both Leeds, UK and in Sydney, Australia. Based on research findings from both the United Kingdom and Australia, areas of commonality are investigated in relation

Joy Walker; Jan Milton

2006-01-01

38

Is Sydney a Divided City Ethnically?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent claims that Sydney's ethnic residential concentrations are a permanent feature and that the city is rapidly turning into a city bifurcated along an ethnic divide cannot be sustained by the evidence. An understanding of multicultural policies as they operate in Australia, and of segregation as essentially a transi- tory phenomenon there, suggests that social bifurcation is unlikely to occur.

MICHAEL POULSEN; RON JOHNSTON; JAMES FORREST

2004-01-01

39

Event business leveraging The Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

The business leveraging of mega sport events is an emerging phenomenon not currently addressed in the tourism literature. This study explores Business Club Australia, an initiative launched by the Australian federal government to create leverage from Sydney’s hosting of the 2000 Olympic Games by providing opportunities for business networking and international trade facilitation. The study examines the formulation and implementation

Danny O’Brien

2006-01-01

40

The Sydney 2000 World Weather Research Programme Forecast Demonstration Project: Overview and Current Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first World Weather Research Programme (WWRP) Forecast Demonstration Project (FDP), with a focus on nowcasting, was conducted in Sydney, Australia, from 4 September to 21 November 2000 during a period associated with the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Through international collaboration, nine nowcasting systems from the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia were deployed at the Sydney Office of

T. Keenan; P. Joe; J. Wilson; C. Collier; B. Golding; D. Burgess; P. May; C. Pierce; J. Bally; A. Crook; A. Seed; D. Sills; L. Berry; R. Potts; I. Bell; N. Fox; E. Ebert; M. Eilts; K. O'Loughlin; R. Webb; R. Carbone; K. Browning; R. Roberts; C. Mueller

2003-01-01

41

Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. Method An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409 first-time mothers at 26-36 weeks of pregnancy, who participated in the Healthy Beginnings Trial conducted in southwestern Sydney, Australia. Dietary behaviours, including consumption of vegetables, fruit, water, milk, soft drinks, processed meat products, fast foods/take away and chips, were assessed using the New South Wales Health Survey questionnaire through face-to-face interviews. Factors associated with dietary behaviours were determined by logistic regression modeling. Log-binomial regression was used to calculate adjusted risk ratios (ARR). Results Only 7% of mothers reported meeting the recommended vegetable consumption and 13% reported meeting the recommended fruit consumption. Mean and median intakes per day were 2.3 (SD 1.3) and 2 serves of vegetables, and 2.1 (SD 1.4) and 2 serves of fruit respectively. About one fifth of mothers (21%) reported drinking 2 cups (500 ml) or more of soft drink per day and 12% reported consuming more than 2 meals or snacks from fast-food or takeaway outlets per week. A small percentage of mothers (5%) had experienced food insecurity over the past 12 months. There were significant inverse associations between water and soft drink consumption (Spearman's ? -0.20, P < 0.001), and between fruit and fast food/takeaway consumption (Spearman's ? -0.16, P = 0.001). The dietary behaviours were associated with a variety of socio-demographic characteristics, but no single factor was associated with all the dietary behaviours. Conclusions There were low reported levels of vegetable and fruit consumption and high reported levels of soft drink and takeaway/fast food consumption among pregnant women. Dietary interventions to prevent adverse health consequences need to be tailored to meet the needs of pregnant women of low socio-economic status in order to improve their own healthy eating behaviors. Increasing water and fruit consumption could lead to reduced consumption of soft drink and takeaway/fast food among pregnant women. Trial Registration HBT is registered with the Australian Clinical Trial Registry (ACTRNO12607000168459)

2010-01-01

42

Field and modelling investigations of fresh-water plume behaviour in response to infrequent high-precipitation events, Sydney Estuary, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Runoff from the urban environment is a major contributor of non-point source contamination for many estuaries, yet the ultimate fate of this stormwater within the estuary is frequently unknown in detail. The relationship between catchment rainfall and estuarine response within the Sydney Estuary (Australia) was investigated in the present study. A verified hydrodynamic model (Environmental Fluid Dynamics Computer Code) was

Serena B. Lee; Gavin F. Birch; Charles J. Lemckert

2011-01-01

43

The emergence of potent forms of methamphetamine in Sydney, Australia: a case study of the IDRS as a strategic early warning system.  

PubMed

A striking finding of the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) in recent years has concerned the emergence in Sydney of a number of different forms of potent methamphetamine. This paper demonstrates the operation of the IDRS in detecting and documenting an increase in both the availability and use of these forms of methamphetamine in Sydney, and Australia more widely, since 1998. Data from different components of the IDRS are utilized to propose that there are currently at least three forms of methamphetamine available in Sydney that are considered by the market to be distinct commodities: methamphetamine powder ('speed'), base methamphetamine ('base') and crystalline methamphetamine ('ice'/'shabu'/'crystal meth'). Base and ice are more potent forms of methamphetamine than speed, and international experience, along with preliminary data obtained from the IDRS, suggest that their use is associated with harms in a number of domains. PMID:12537703

Topp, Libby; Degenhardt, Louisa; Kaye, Sharlene; Darke, Shane

2002-12-01

44

Does urban sprawl impact on self-rated health and psychological distress? A multilevel study from Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Mental health can be influenced by a number of neighbourhood physical and social environmental characteristics. We aimed to determine whether urban sprawl (based on population density) in Sydney, Australia, is associated with self-rated health and psychological distress. We used a cross-sectional multilevel study design. Individual level data on self-rated health and psychological distress were obtained from the 2006 and 2007 NSW Population Health Survey. We did not find significant associations between urban sprawl and self-rated health and psychological distress after controlling for individual and area level covariates. However, positive neighbourhood factors were generally associated with better self-rated health and lower psychological distress but few of these associations were statistically significant. PMID:21879398

Jalaludin, Bin B; Garden, Frances L

2011-08-31

45

Understanding Water Consumption in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the extent to which attitudes to conservation and reduced water use in and around the home may affect the water saving behaviour of households in different kinds of housing in Sydney in a period when restrictions and price rises have become the principle methods to reduce consumption in the city. The research uses a household survey and

Bill Randolph; Patrick Troy

46

Risk factors for coronary heart disease in two similar Indian population groups, one residing in India, and the other in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To identify the prevalence of coronary risk factors among South Asian Indians in Australia and India.Design: Cross-sectional intercountry comparison.Subjects: Healthy volunteers aged 23–75 y recruited from the Indian community in Sydney Australia (n=125), and their nominated relatives in India, (n=125).Results: The two groups were of similar background with over 90% of the group in India being siblings, parents or

D Mahajan; M A Bermingham

2004-01-01

47

Cause-Specific Hospital Admissions on Hot Days in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background While morbidity outcomes for major disease categories during extreme heat have received increasing research attention, there has been very limited investigation at the level of specific disease subcategories. Methodology/Principal Findings We analyzed daily hospital admissions for cardiovascular (CVD), respiratory (RD), genitourinary (GU) and mental diseases (MD), diabetes (DIA), dehydration (DEH) and ‘the effects of heat and light’ (HEAT) in Sydney between 1991 and 2009. We further investigated the sensitivity to heat of subcategories within the major disease groups. We defined hot days as those with temperatures in the 95th and 99th percentiles within the study period. We applied time-stratified case-crossover analysis to compare the hospital admissions on hot days with those on non-hot days matched by day of the week. We calculated the odds ratios (OR) of admissions between the two types of days, accounting for other environmental variables (relative humidity, ozone and particulate matter) and non-environmental trends (public and school holidays). On hot days, hospital admissions increased for all major categories except GU. This increase was not shared homogeneously across all diseases within a major category: within RD, only ‘other diseases of the respiratory system’ (includes pleurisy or empyema) increased significantly, while admissions for asthma decreased. Within MD, hospital admissions increased only for psychoses. Admissions due to some major categories increased one to three days after a hot day (e.g., DIA, RD and CVD) and on two and three consecutive days (e.g., HEAT and RD). Conclusions/Significance High ambient temperatures were associated with increased hospital admissions for several disease categories, with some within-category variation. Future analyses should focus on subgroups within broad disease categories to pinpoint medical conditions most affected by ambient heat.

Vaneckova, Pavla; Bambrick, Hilary

2013-01-01

48

Three-dimensional braid-plain architecture, Bulgo Formation, Sydney basin, Australia  

SciTech Connect

The Triassic Bulgo Formation of the Sydney basin was deposited by a basin-wide braid-plain system. Detailed outcrop analysis of facies relationships and correlation with subsurface data allow for recognition of three-dimensional facies architecture and paleogeography reconstruction. The Lachlan foldbelt was the primary source for the Bulgo Formation. Three outcrop sites in varying proximity to the source area were examined: (1) Blue Mountains, (2) Burragorrang Walls, and (3) Royal National Park. Proximal deposits of the Blue Mountains consist of two members. Both the lower and upper Bulgo are coarse-grained, tabular sandstone sheets. They are separated by a paleosoil horizon which is the only criterion for separation. Medial deposits at Burrangorang Walls can be distinguished on the basis of shale content. The lower Bulgo remains a coarse-grained, tabular sandstone sheet. The upper Bulgo is also a coarse-grained, tabular sandstone sheet. The upper Bulgo is also a coarse-grained, tabular sandstone sheet. The upper Bulgo is also a coarse-grained sandstone sheet but contains a significant proportion of interchannel shale deposits and mud plugs. Distal deposits of the Royal National Park are characterized by a similar coarse-grained lower member which was deposited by a large braid-plain system where smaller braided systems coalesced into a basin-wide tabular sandstone sheet. However, the upper Bulgo member shows a further downdip evolution to a fine-grained sandstone sheet deposited by small, interconnected braided streams which were separated by numerous flood-plain and paludal deposits. This upsection and lateral evolution reflects waning sediment supply and denudation of the Lachlan foldbelt source area.

Reynolds, S.A.; Glasford, J.L.

1989-03-01

49

Correlates of susceptibility to hepatitis B among people who inject drugs in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Despite a safe, effective vaccine, hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination coverage remains low among people who inject drugs (PWID). Characteristics of participants screened for a trial investigating the efficacy of financial incentives in increasing vaccination completion among PWID were examined to inform targeting of vaccination programs. Recruitment occurred at two health services in inner-city Sydney that target PWID. HBV status was confirmed via serological testing, and questionnaires elicited demographic, drug use, and HBV risk data. Multinomial logistic regression was utilized to determine variables independently associated with HBV status. Of 172 participants, 64% were susceptible, 17% exposed (HBV core antibody-positive), and 19% demonstrated evidence of prior vaccination (HBV surface antibody?? 10 mIU/ml). Compared with exposed participants, susceptible participants were significantly more likely to be aged less than 35 years and significantly less likely to be receiving current opioid substitution therapy (OST) and to test hepatitis C antibody-positive. In comparison to vaccinated participants, susceptible participants were significantly more likely to be male and significantly less likely to report daily or more frequent injecting, current OST, and prior awareness of HBV vaccine. HBV vaccination uptake could potentially be increased by targeting younger, less frequent injectors, particularly young men. In addition to expanding vaccination through OST, targeting "at risk" youth who are likely to have missed adolescent catch-up programs may be an important strategy to increase coverage. The lack of an association between incarceration and vaccination also suggests increasing vaccination uptake and completion in adult and juvenile correctional facilities may also be important. PMID:22684422

Deacon, Rachel M; Topp, Libby; Wand, Handan; Day, Carolyn A; Rodgers, Craig; Haber, Paul S; van Beek, Ingrid; Maher, Lisa

2012-10-01

50

The spatial domain of wildfire risk and response in the Wildland Urban Interface in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to quantify the risks from fire at the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI), it is important to understand where fires occur and their likelihood of spreading to the WUI. For each of 999 fires in the Sydney region we calculated the distance between the ignition and the WUI, the fire weather and wind direction and whether it spread to the WUI. The likelihood of burning the WUI was analysed using binomial regression. Weather and distance interacted such that under mild weather conditions, the model predicted only a 5% chance that a fire starting more than 2.5 km from the interface would reach it, whereas when the conditions are extreme the predicted chance remained above 30% even at distances further than 10 km. Fires were more likely to spread to the WUI if the wind was from the west and in the western side of the region. We examined whether the management responses to wildfires are commensurate with risk by comparing the distribution of distance to the WUI of wildfires with roads and prescribed fires. Prescribed fires and roads were concentrated nearer to the WUI than wildfires as a whole, but further away than wildfires that burnt the WUI under extreme weather conditions (high risk fires). 79% of these high risk fires started within 2 km of the WUI, so there is some argument for concentrating more management effort near the WUI. By substituting climate change scenario weather into the statistical model, we predicted a small increase in the risk of fires spreading to the WUI, but the increase will be greater under extreme weather. This approach has a variety of uses, including mapping fire risk and improving the ability to match fire management responses to the threat from each fire. They also provide a baseline from which a cost-benefit analysis of complementary fire management strategies can be conducted.

Price, O. F.; Bradstock, R. A.

2013-09-01

51

Willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

This study aimed to determine and describe HIV-negative gay men's willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials. Data were from participants who completed face-to-face interviews during the first 18 months (to the end of 2002) of recruitment into the Health in Men cohort of HIV-negative gay men in Sydney. A key outcome measure was a scale of Willingness to Participate in HIV Vaccine Trials, with scores ranging from 1 (unwilling) to 4 (willing). The 903 participants ranged in age from 18 to 75 years (median = 36). Mean of Willingness to Participate in HIV Vaccine Trials was 2.53 (standard deviation = 0.54), with approximately 51% of the men having a score greater than the midpoint of 2.50. A reduced linear regression model yielded four significant independent associations with Willingness to Participate in HIV Vaccine Trials: lack of tertiary education (P < 0.001),having engaged 'in the previous six months' in any unprotected anal intercourse with casual or non-concordant regular partners (P < 0.001), higher self-rated likelihood of HIV infection (P < 0.01), and higher mean scores on a scale of Comfort with Participation in HIV Vaccine Trials (P < 0.001). The willingness of HIV-negative gay men at potentially higher risk for HIV to participate in HIV vaccine trials augurs well for enrolment in HIV vaccine efficacy trials. Recruitment into trials is likely to be enhanced by addressing salient concerns such as confidentiality and vaccine-induced antibody positivity. Also, it will be important to ensure that gay men are educated and fully informed about HIV vaccines and trial processes. PMID:15899086

Van de Ven, Paul; Mao, Limin; Crawford, June; Prestage, Garrett; Grulich, Andrew; Kaldor, John; Kippax, Susan

2005-04-01

52

Fine-particle Mn and other metals linked to the introduction of MMT into gasoline in Sydney, Australia: Results of a natural experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a combination of accelerator-based ion beam methods we have analysed PM2.5 particulates for a suite of 21 species (H, C, Na, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Pb) to evaluate the contribution to Sydney (New South Wales, Australia) air associated with the introduction of MMT as a replacement

Brian Gulson; David Cohen; J. Michael Davis; Ed Stelcer; D. Garton; Olg Hawas; Alan Taylor

2006-01-01

53

Religion on the Fringe: the representation of space and minority religious facilities in the rural–urban fringe of metropolitan Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines land-use development applications for minority religious facilities in two local government areas on the rural–urban fringe of metropolitan Sydney, Australia. Using critical discourse analysis and underpinned by Lefebvre's (1991) conceptual triad of space, the work interrogates the way in which place identity is generated and codified both by land-use planners and local residents through spatial representation. This

Laura Beth Bugg

2012-01-01

54

Prevalence, incidence and risk factors for pharyngeal chlamydia in the community based Health in Men (HIM) cohort of homosexual men in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives:To determine the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for pharyngeal Chlamydia trachomatis in the community based Health in Men (HIM) cohort of HIV negative homosexual men in Sydney, Australia.Methods:From January 2003, all HIM participants were offered annual screening for pharyngeal chlamydia using BD ProbeTec nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT). Detailed sexual behavioural data were collected every 6 months, and risk

D J Templeton; F Jin; J Imrie; G P Prestage; B Donovan; P H Cunningham; J M Kaldor; S Kippax; A E Grulich

2008-01-01

55

Cross-sectional study of diet and risk factors for metabolic diseases in a Ghanaian population in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnic groups in affluent environments experience higher rates of metabolic diseases than their native counterparts. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of metabolic risk factors in Ghanaians in Sydney, and to investigate the relationship with dietary and lifestyle factors. Cross-sectional design with anthropometry, blood pressure, plasma lipids, glucose and insulin concentrations were measured on two occasions on each subject.

Ashraf Saleh; Soumela Amanatidis; Samir Samman

2002-01-01

56

Anthropogenic trace metals in sediment and settling particulate matter on a high-energy continental shelf (Sydney, Australia).  

PubMed

The anthropogenic contribution of trace metals to settling particulate matter (SPM) and surficial sediments was determined on the high-energy continental shelf adjacent to Sydney, Australia. Settling particulate matter and surficial sediment was collected in the vicinity of a major sewage outfall and at five control sites on the middle shelf (80-100 m water depth). Sediment traps were deployed on 10 occasions for up to 2 weeks during the summer and winter of 1995 and SPM was analyzed for Ag, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn. Cobalt, Fe, Mn and Ni act conservatively in SPM and in sediments regionally and are used as normalizing elements to determine anthropogenic enrichment. Surficial sediments and SPM are enriched in Ag, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn near a major ocean outfall and at four of the five control sites, although sewage particles contribute < 5% of trace metals in the total sample. Silver is the most sensitive trace metal tracer for establishing the presence of sewage particulate matter. Sewage particulate matter flux near the outfall was estimated using a two end-member mixing model and is below 0.5 g m(-2) day(-1) during all deployment periods. The mean sewage particulate matter flux at sampling locations 30 km and 60 km north of the outfall are <0.13 g m(-2) day(-1) and <0.01 g m(-2) day(-1), respectively, indicating an efficient dispersal of anthropogenic material on this high energy continental shelf. PMID:12206412

Matthai, Carsten; Birch, Gavin F; Bickford, Gary P

2002-08-01

57

Sydney Tar Ponds Remediation: Experience to China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The infamous "Sydney Tar Ponds" are well known as one of the largest toxic waste sites of Canada, due to almost 100 years of steelmaking in Sydney, a once beautiful and peaceful city located on the east side of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. This article begins with a contextual overview of the Tar Ponds issue including a brief introduction and…

Liu, Fan; Bryson, Ken A.

2009-01-01

58

Sydney Tar Ponds Remediation: Experience to China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The infamous "Sydney Tar Ponds" are well known as one of the largest toxic waste sites of Canada, due to almost 100 years of steelmaking in Sydney, a once beautiful and peaceful city located on the east side of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. This article begins with a contextual overview of the Tar Ponds issue including a brief introduction and…

Liu, Fan; Bryson, Ken A.

2009-01-01

59

Biomagnification of anthropogenic and naturally-produced organobrominated compounds in a marine food web from Sydney Harbour, Australia.  

PubMed

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and naturally-produced organobrominated compounds, such as methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs), have been scarcely studied in the Southern Hemisphere. Yet, sources of the latter group of compounds were found in Southern regions, specifically in Australia. The environmental distribution and biomagnification potential of organobrominated compounds were therefore investigated in a representative aquatic food chain (invertebrates and fish) from the Sydney Harbour, Australia. Mean PBDE concentrations ranged from 6.4ng/g lipid weight (lw) in squid to 115 ng/g lw in flounder. BDE 47 was the dominant congener, followed by BDE 100. Mean levels of MeO-PBDEs (sum of congeners 2'-MeO-BDE 68 and 6-MeO-BDE 47) were as high as 110 ng/g lw in tailor, with a slight dominance of 2'-MeO-BDE 68. Polybrominated hexahydroxanthene derivates (PBHDs), another class of naturally-produced compounds, were found at variable concentrations and ranged from 4.7 ng/g lw in fanbelly and 146ng/g lw in tailor. The tribrominated PBHD isomer dominated in the samples, except for luderick and squid. The lower levels of PBDEs found in luderick from the harbour compared to those obtained from the upper Parramatta River indicated a terrestrial (anthropogenic) origin of PBDEs, while the higher levels of MeO-PBDEs and PBHDs in the samples from the harbour confirmed the marine (natural) origin of these compounds. The highest trophic magnification factor (TMF) was found for sum PBDEs (3.9), while TMFs for sum MeO-PBDEs and sum PBHDs were 2.9 and 3.4, respectively. This suggests that biomagnification occurs in the studied aquatic food chain for anthropogenic brominated compounds, but also for the naturally-produced organobromines. PMID:19665796

Losada, Sara; Roach, Anthony; Roosens, Laurence; Santos, Francisco Javier; Galceran, Maria Teresa; Vetter, Walter; Neels, Hugo; Covaci, Adrian

2009-08-08

60

Reterritorialisation of economies and institutions: The rise of the Sydney basin economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an account of institutional and spatial shifts in the Sydney basin economy that coalesce around Australia's current, long period of prosperity. The paper briefly sources this prosperity, noting the key shifts towards the financial and professional services sectors that accompany it. This material is then used to make the argument that two reterritorialisation processes underpin Australia's—and Sydney's—contemporary

Phillip Oneill; Pauline McGuirk

2005-01-01

61

Health effects of the September 2009 dust storm in Sydney, Australia: did emergency department visits and hospital admissions increase?  

PubMed Central

Background During September 2009, a large dust storm was experienced in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Extremely high levels of particulate matter were recorded, with daily average levels of coarse matter (<10 ?m) peaking over 11,000 ?g/m3 and fine (<2.5 ?m) over 1,600 ?g/m3. We conducted an analysis to determine whether the dust storm was associated with increases in all-cause, cardiovascular, respiratory and asthma-related emergency department presentations and hospital admissions. Methods We used distributed-lag Poisson generalized models to analyse the emergency department presentations and hospital admissions adjusted for pollutants, humidity, temperature and day of week and seasonal effects to obtain estimates of relative risks associated with the dust storm. Results The dust storm period was associated with large increases in asthma emergency department visits (relative risk 1.23, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.38, p?

2013-01-01

62

The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion: findings from the Cycling Connecting Communities project in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Encouraging cycling is an important way to increase physical activity in the community. The Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project is a community-based cycling promotion program that included a range of community engagement and social marketing activities, such as organised bike rides and events, cycling skills courses, the distribution of cycling maps of the area and coverage in the local press. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of this program designed to encourage the use of newly completed off-road cycle paths through south west Sydney, Australia. Methods The evaluation used a quasi-experimental design that consisted of a pre- and post-intervention telephone survey (24 months apart) of a cohort of residents (n = 909) in the intervention area (n = 520) (Fairfield and Liverpool) and a socio-demographically similar comparison area (n = 389) (Bankstown). Both areas had similar bicycle infrastructure. Four bicycle counters were placed on the main bicycle paths in the intervention and comparison areas to monitor daily bicycle use before and after the intervention. Results The telephone survey results showed significantly greater awareness of the Cycling Connecting Communities project (13.5% vs 8.0%, p < 0.05) in the intervention area, with significantly higher rates of cycling in the intervention area (32.9%) compared with the comparison area (9.7%) amongst those aware of the project. There was a significant increase in use of bicycle paths in the intervention area (28.3% versus 16.2%, p < 0.05). These findings were confirmed by the bike count data. Conclusion Despite relatively modest resources, the Cycling Connecting Communities project achieved significant increases in bicycle path use, and increased cycling in some sub-groups. However, this community based intervention with limited funding had very limited reach into the community and did not increase population cycling levels.

2010-01-01

63

Crime prevention through environmental design: a case study of multi-agency collaborationin Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) has been legislated in every State and Territory of Australia despite the lack of clear empirical evidence that it is successful (Homel, 2005). Despite a commitment in the literature surrounding CPTED to isolate ‘what works’ (Cherney and Sutton, 2007), there is a distinct lack of empirical evidence in Australia that details how CPTED theory

Daren Geoffrey Fisher; Awais Piracha

2012-01-01

64

Summer Games Underway in Sydney  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Friday, nearly 11,000 athletes from 200 countries strode into the newly built Olympic Stadium in Sydney to open the 2000 Olympic Summer Games. Watched by a crowd of 110,000 and an estimated television audience this evening in the billions, the ceremony was filled with pomp, ceremony, fireworks, dancing, and everything else that might be expected. While due attention has been paid to the various elements of the ceremony and the athletes, press coverage has focused on two events at the opening. First, athletes from North and South Korea marched into the stadium under one unification banner to a standing ovation. Second, the Olympic flame was lit by Australian Olympian Cathy Freeman, who is of aboriginal descent. Preliminary events have already begun, and the games will continue until October 1.

De Nie, Michael W.

65

Rave culture in Sydney, Australia: mapping youth spaces in media discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the late 1980s, 'raves' emerged as colourful new sites for musical subcultural practices in urban Australia, mobilising the 'warehouse party' format already established in Chicago, Detroit and across Britain. With them, fresh sounds, and unique physical spaces for the production and consumption of cultural meaning were constructed. Groups of young people clustered in sites not conventionally aligned with musical

CHRIS GIBSON; REBECCA PAGAN

66

Accommodating open plan: children, clutter, and containment in suburban houses in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Open-plan living areas are one of the defining features of contemporary suburban architecture in spatially expansive nations like Australia, the United States, and Canada. In these contexts, the European and modernist meanings of ‘open plan’ are joined by relations between parents and children and identities associated with motherhood and homemaking. Using a feminist and material-culture analysis of the practices of

Robyn Dowling

2008-01-01

67

Breastfeeding: how could it be enhanced? The perceptions of Vietnamese women in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia, the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding is on the decline. The low incidence of breastfeeding includes the immigrant Vietnamese. The purpose of this study was to examine Vietnamese women’s perceptions of factors that might influence their choice of infant feeding and how breastfeeding could be promoted and maintained by nurses, midwives, other health professionals, and the health care

Joh Chin Rossiter; Bernard M. C Yam

2000-01-01

68

Use of sediment risk and ecological/conservation value for strategic management of estuarine environments: Sydney estuary, Australia.  

PubMed

Sediment mantling the floor of Sydney estuary contains a wide range of chemicals at highly elevated concentrations over extensive areas. Appropriate sediment management decisions are urgently required to prevent further degradation of sediment quality and to minimize resulting adverse ecological effects. The objective of the present work was to provide a systematic, estuary-wide assessment of sediment risk and ecological/conservation value throughout the harbor to guide sediment management decisions. Sediment risk is the likelihood of sediment chemistry causing adverse biological effects to bottom-dwelling animals and was conducted using national sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) for single contaminants and the mean SQG quotient approach to assess chemical mixtures. Sediment risk was negligible at the mouth of the estuary, but increased strongly landwards. The ecological/conservation value assessment was conducted to identify sites that warrant different levels of protection and was conducted using the value of ecological communities and priority waterway use. Consideration of these two parameters combined enabled the estuary to be prioritized for management attention. The prioritization and identification of appropriate management strategies were determined through the use of management matrices also based on sediment risk and ecological/conservation value. A computer package is being developed to provide managers with information on sediment risk, ecological/conservation value, the urgency and the type of management intervention required for any location in Sydney estuary, in real-time. This approach to estuarine management is unique and will greatly improve effective management of Sydney estuary, and other harbors in urgent need of management action and protection. PMID:19705195

Birch, Gavin F; Hutson, Philip

2009-08-25

69

Factors influencing mental-health help-seeking in Arabic-speaking communities in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, the utilization of mental-health services by Arabic-speaking communities in Australia has been low. Interviews were conducted with 35 key informants from Arabic-speaking backgrounds, exploring their perceptions of mental illness in the Arab community, together with preferred forms of support and treatment. Transcript analysis of audio-taped interviews identified key themes that inhibited professional mental-health help-seeking and utilization of mental-health services.

Jacqueline Youssef; Frank P. Deane

2006-01-01

70

Attitudes to Multicultural Values in Diverse Spaces in Australia's Immigrant Cities, Sydney and Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australia has in the past decade seen a decline in political support for multicultural values. However, public opinion on multiculturalism is contradictory rather than antipathetic: strong levels of support for cultural diversity co-exist with anti-multicultural attitudes. Some of this variation relates to compositional or socio-demographic (aspatial) associations, but in addition to these we identify an important spatial context to views

James Forrest; Kevin Dunn

2010-01-01

71

Interpretation at Wetland Sites in the Sydney Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interpretive and educational facilities at five wetland sites near Sydney (Australia) were studied to determine their goals, range of facilities and activities, and themes related to wetlands and their conservation covered in informal visitor programs and formal education programs for school groups. Program objectives and activities were…

Chadhokar, Yojana; McLoughlin, Lynette C.

1999-01-01

72

A pre-and-post study of an urban renewal program in a socially disadvantaged neighbourhood in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Urban renewal programs aim to target both the physical and social environments to improve the social capital, social connectedness, sense of community and economic conditions of residents of the neighbourhoods. We evaluated the impact of an urban renewal program on the health and well-being of residents of a socially disadvantaged community in south-western Sydney, Australia. Methods Pre- and post-urban renewal program surveys were conducted with householders by trained interviewers. The urban renewal program was conducted over 16?months and consisted of internal upgrades (including internal painting; replacement of kitchens, bathrooms and carpets; general maintenance), external upgrades (including property painting; new fencing, carports, letterboxes, concrete driveways, drainage and landscaping), general external maintenance, and social interventions such as community engagement activities, employment initiatives, and building a community meeting place. The questionnaire asked about demographic characteristics, self-reported physical activity, psychological distress, self-rated health, and perceptions of aesthetics, safety and walkability in the neighbourhood. We used the paired chi-square test (McNemars test) to compare paired proportions. A Bonferroni corrected p-value of <0.0013 denoted statistical significance. Results Following the urban renewal program we did not find statistically significant changes in perceptions of aesthetics, safety and walkability in the neighbourhood. However, post-urban renewal, more householders reported there were attractive buildings and homes in their neighbourhood (18% vs 64%), felt that they belonged to the neighbourhood (48% vs 70%), that their area had a reputation for being a safe place (8% vs 27%), that they felt safe walking down their street after dark (52% vs 85%), and that people who came to live in the neighbourhood would be more likely to stay rather than move elsewhere (13% vs 54%). Changes in psychological distress and self-rated health were not statistically significant. Conclusions We found an increase, in the short-term, in the proportion of householders reporting improvements in some aspects of their immediate neighbourhood following the urban renewal program. It will be important to repeat the survey in the future to determine whether these positive changes are sustained.

2012-01-01

73

Overdose beliefs and management practices among ethnic Vietnamese heroin users in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Ethnic Vietnamese injecting drug users (IDUs) in Australia draw on a range of beliefs and etiologic models, sometimes simultaneously, in order to make sense of health and illness. These include understandings of illness as the result of internal imbalances and Western concepts of disease causation including germ/pollution theory. Methods Observational fieldwork and in-depth interviews were conducted between 2001 and 2006 in neighbourhoods characterised by high proportions of Asian background IDUs and street-based drug markets. Eligibility criteria for the study were: 1) ethnic Vietnamese cultural background; 2) aged 16 years and over and; 3) injected drugs in the last 6 months. Results Participants commonly attempted to treat heroin overdose by withdrawing blood (rút máu) from the body. Central to this practice are cultural beliefs about the role and function of blood in the body and its relationship to illness and health. Participants' beliefs in blood were strongly influenced by understandings of blood expressed in traditional Chinese and Vietnamese medicine. Many participants perceived Western drugs, particularly heroin, as "hot" and "strong". In overdose situations, it was commonly believed that an excessive amount of drugs (particularly heroin) entered the bloodstream and traveled to the heart, making the heart work too hard. Withdrawing blood was understood to reduce the amount of drugs in the body which in turn reduced the effects of drugs on the blood and the heart. Conclusion The explanatory model of overdose employed by ethnic Vietnamese IDUs privileges traditional beliefs about the circulatory, rather than the respiratory, system. This paper explores participants' beliefs about blood, the effects of drugs on blood and the causes of heroin overdose in order to document the explanatory model of overdose used by ethnic Vietnamese IDUs. Implications for overdose prevention, treatment and management are identified and discussed.

Maher, Lisa; Ho, Hien T

2009-01-01

74

New Dean starts at Notre Dame's Sydney School of Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dr Christine Bennett commenced as the new Dean of the School of Medicine on The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus on Monday 2 May 2011.\\u000aVice Chancellor, Professor Celia Hammond, welcomed Dr Bennett’s appointment which was made after a wide ranging international recruitment process.\\u000a“Dr Bennett’s impressive record of achievements is testimony to her passion and commitment to

Michelle Ebbs

2011-01-01

75

Air pollution from bushfires and their association with hospital admissions in Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong, Australia 1994-2007.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE : We examined the association between validated bushfire smoke pollution events and hospital admissions in three eastern Australian cities from 1994 to 2007. METHODS : Smoke events were defined as days on which bushfire smoke caused the 24-hour citywide average concentration of airborne particles to exceed the 99(th) percentile of the daily distribution for the study period. We used a time-stratified case-crossover design to assess the association between smoke events and hospital admissions. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated for cardiovascular and respiratory conditions on event days compared with non-event days. Models were adjusted for daily meteorology, influenza epidemics and holidays. RESULTS : Smoke events occurred on 58 days in Sydney (population: 3,862,000), 33 days in Wollongong (population: 406,000) and 50 days in Newcastle (population: 278,000). In Sydney, events were associated with a 6% (OR=1.06, 95%CI=1.02-1.09) same day increase in respiratory hospital admissions. Same day chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admissions increased 13% (OR=1.13, 95%CI=1.05-1.22) and asthma admissions by 12% (OR=1.12, 95%CI=1.05-1.19). Events were also associated with increased admissions for respiratory conditions in Newcastle and Wollongong. CONCLUSIONS : Smoke events were associated with increased hospital admissions for respiratory but not cardiovascular conditions. Large populations are needed to assess the impacts of brief exposures. Implications : Public health impacts from bushfire pollution events are likely to increase in association with a warming climate and more frequent severe fire weather. PMID:23731106

Martin, Kara L; Hanigan, Ivan C; Morgan, Geoffrey G; Henderson, Sarah B; Johnston, Fay H

2013-06-01

76

SUMMIT: the Sydney University Multiple Mirror Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High resolution spectra are required to complement the angular dimensions of pulsating stars and binary systems determined with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer. To meet this need a multiple mirror telescope feeding a spectrograph via optical fibers is being developed. The design has been inspired by the Multi- Telescope Telescope project at Georgia State University but much of the design of the Sydney University Multiple Mirror Telescope is new. In particular, an adjustable mirror cell has been designed to allow the accurate alignment of the starlight on the input end of the fiber in its focal plane. Alignment tests carried out on a prototype cell are reported.

Moore, Anna M.; Davis, John

1998-08-01

77

Use of 210Pb and 137Cs to simultaneously constrain ages and sources of post-dam sediments in the Cordeaux reservoir, Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Environmental radionuclides can be employed as tracers of sediment movement and delivery to water bodies such as lakes and reservoirs. The chronologies of sediments that have accumulated in the Cordeaux reservoir in Sydney, Australia, were determined by the rate of change of (210)Pb(ex) with depth and indicate slow accretion in the reservoir. The ratio of enrichment of radionuclides in sediment cores to (210)Pb(ex) and (137)Cs concentrations in a reference soil sample within the Cordeaux catchment indicates that the dominant source of sediment in the Cordeaux reservoir is surface erosion (detachment and removal of sediment at depths less than 30 cm). However, in the Kembla Creek arm of the reservoir a mixture of sources was detected and includes sheet and rill erosion together with sub-soil contributions. Implications for the utility of these radionuclide sedimentation assessments, especially where samples are limited, are that well-constrained chronologies and sources of soil erosion are facilitated. PMID:18289748

Simms, Ava D; Woodroffe, Colin; Jones, Brian G; Heijnis, Henk; Mann, Rob A; Harrison, Jennifer

2008-03-04

78

pEl1573 Carrying blaIMP-4, from Sydney, Australia, Is Closely Related to Other IncL/M Plasmids  

PubMed Central

Complete sequencing of pEl1573, a representative IncL/M plasmid carrying blaIMP-4 from Sydney, Australia, revealed an ?60-kb backbone almost identical to those of IncL/M plasmids pCTX-M3, from Poland, and pCTX-M360, from China, and less closely related to pNDM-HK, pOXA-48a, and pEL60, suggesting different lineages. The ?28-kb Tn2-derived multiresistance region in pEl1573 is inserted in the same location as those in pCTX-M3 and pNDM-HK and shares some of the same components but has undergone rearrangements.

Ginn, Andrew N.; Paulsen, Ian T.; Iredell, Jonathan R.

2012-01-01

79

"They just scraped off the calluses": a mixed methods exploration of foot care access and provision for people with rheumatoid arthritis in south-western Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background There is little indication that foot health services in Australia are meeting modern day recommendations for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients. The overall objective of this study was to explore the current state of foot health services for patients with RA with an emphasis on identifying barriers to the receipt of appropriate foot care in South-West Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Methods A mixed (quantitative and qualitative) approach was adopted. Indications for appropriate access to foot care were determined by comparing the foot health, disease and socio-demographic characteristics of patients with unmet foot care demands, foot care users and patients with no demands for foot care. Perceptions of provision of, and access to, foot care were explored by conducting telephone-based interviews using an interpretative phenomenology approach with thematic analysis. Results Twenty-nine participants took part in the cross-sectional quantitative research study design, and 12 participants took part in the interpretative phenomenological approach (qualitative study). Foot care access appeared to be driven predominantly by the presence of rearfoot deformity, which was significantly worse amongst participants in the foot care user group (p?=?0.02). Five main themes emerged from the qualitative data: 1) impact of disease-related foot symptoms, 2) footwear difficulties, 3) medical/rheumatology encounters, 4) foot and podiatry care access and experiences, and 5) financial hardship. Conclusions Foot care provision does not appear to be driven by appropriate foot health characteristics such as foot pain or foot-related disability. There may be significant shortfalls in footwear and foot care access and provision in Greater Western Sydney. Several barriers to adequate foot care access and provision were identified and further efforts are required to improve access to and the quality of foot care for people who have RA. Integration of podiatry services within rheumatology centres could resolve unmet needs of people with RA by permitting rapid access to expert-led multidisciplinary foot care for people with RA.

2013-01-01

80

The Great Sydney Water Crisis of 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the history of the contamination of Sydney's water supply between July and September 1998, its impact and consequences. Routine testing found persistently high readings of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in the water supply. After initial official inactivity, health warnings were issued leading to comprehensive boil water alerts. The paper examines the issues of scientific uncertainty and the response

P. L. Stein

2000-01-01

81

Acquisitions Systems: Sydney Micro Library System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Sydney Micro Library System is a microcomputer-based integrated library system with cataloging, inquiry, and system management modules that form the base system for running the optional acquisitions, circulation, serials, and MARC record modules. Designed for small special libraries, the system has parallel minicomputer and microcomputer…

Desmarais, Norman

1986-01-01

82

Notre Dame Sydney Law Students meet Pope Benedict  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two Law students from Notre Dame’s Sydney Campus had the honour of meeting His Holiness, Pope Benedict XVI in St Peter’s Square.\\u000aPatrick Langrell and Joseph Watson met with His Holiness and briefly discussed his intended visit to Australia for World Youth Day 2008. Patrick said, “His Holiness seemed very excited about his visit and the program for WYD2008.”\\u000aPatrick

Elizabeth Fenech

2007-01-01

83

Immigrant maternal depression and social networks. A multilevel Bayesian spatial logistic regression in South Western Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

The purpose is to explore the multilevel spatial distribution of depressive symptoms among migrant mothers in South Western Sydney and to identify any group level associations that could inform subsequent theory building and local public health interventions. Migrant mothers (n=7256) delivering in 2002 and 2003 were assessed at 2-3 weeks after delivery for risk factors for depressive symptoms. The binary outcome variables were Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale scores (EPDS) of >9 and >12. Individual level variables included were: financial income, self-reported maternal health, social support network, emotional support, practical support, baby trouble sleeping, baby demanding and baby not content. The group level variable reported here is aggregated social support networks. We used Bayesian hierarchical multilevel spatial modelling with conditional autoregression. Migrant mothers were at higher risk of having depressive symptoms if they lived in a community with predominantly Australian-born mothers and strong social capital as measured by aggregated social networks. These findings suggest that migrant mothers are socially isolated and current home visiting services should be strengthened for migrant mothers living in communities where they may have poor social networks. PMID:23973180

Eastwood, John G; Jalaludin, Bin B; Kemp, Lynn A; Phung, Hai N; Barnett, Bryanne E W

2013-04-25

84

Client satisfaction and unmet needs assessment: evaluation of an HIV ambulatory health care facility in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

A mixed-methods approach study was conducted at an ambulatory HIV health care facility in Sydney during 2007/2008. A quantitative self-administered structured questionnaire survey (phase 1) was conducted to assess client satisfaction levels, followed by qualitative semistructured interviews (phase 2) to investigate reasons for satisfaction/dissatisfaction and unmet needs. The mean overall satisfaction score of the 166 respondents in phase 1 was high (86 out of 100). Participants were most satisfied with the "knowledge" and "attitudes" of health care providers (HCP) and "maintenance of confidentiality." They were least satisfied with "waiting time before consultation." "Knowledge of HCP" and "rapport, care, and trust towards HCP" emerged as most important aspects of satisfaction. The broad range of HCP and services provided at one location was particularly appreciated. Health care service evaluation by assessing client satisfaction using mixed methods provided valuable insight into health care service quality. It can be applied to a broader range of health care services. PMID:21118857

Chow, Maria Yui Kwan; Li, Mu; Quine, Susan

2010-11-30

85

Ethnomedicine and dominant medicine in multicultural Australia: a critical realist reflection on the case of Korean-Australian immigrants in Sydney  

PubMed Central

Background Viewed through the micro focus of an interpretive lens, medical anthropology remains mystified because interpretivist explanations seriously downplay the given context in which individual health seeking-behaviours occur. This paper draws upon both the interpretivist and political economy perspectives to reflect on the ethno medical practices within the Korean-Australian community in Sydney. Methods We draw on research data collected between 1995 and 1997 for an earlier study of the use of biomedical and traditional medicine by Korean-Australians in Sydney. A total of 120 interviews were conducted with a range of participants, including biomedical doctors, traditional health professionals, Korean community leaders and Korean migrants representing a range of socio-economic backgrounds and migration patterns. Results and Discussion First, the paper highlights the extent to which the social location of migrants in a host society alters or restructures their initial cultural practices they bring with them. Second, taking hanbang medicine in the Korean-Australian community as an illustrative case, the paper explores the transformation of the dominant biomedicine in Australia as a result of the influx of ethnomedicine in the era of global capitalism and global movement. Conclusion In seeking to explain the popularity and supply of alternative health care, it is important to go beyond the culture of each kind of health care itself and to take into consideration the changes occurring at societal, national and global levels as well as consequential individual response to the changes. New social conditions influence the choice of health care methods, including herbal/alternative medicine, health foods and what are often called New Age therapies.

Han, Gil-Soo; Ballis, Harry

2007-01-01

86

Temperature, air pollution and total mortality during summers in Sydney, 1994–2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effect of temperature and air pollutants on total mortality in summers in Sydney, Australia. Daily\\u000a data on weather variables, mortality and air pollution for the Sydney metropolitan area from 1 January 1994 to 31 December\\u000a 2004 were supplied by Australian Bureau of Meteorology, Australian Bureau of Statistics, and Environment Protection Agency\\u000a of New South Wales, respectively.

Wenbiao Hu; Kerrie Mengersen; Anthony McMichael; Shilu Tong

2008-01-01

87

Genome-Wide Scan for Hypertension in Sydney Sibships: The GENIHUSS Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report here the results of the GENIHUSS study (GENetic Investigation of Hypertension Undertaken in Sydney Sibships)—a genome-wide scan to identify loci linked to essential hypertension (HT). Subjects were Anglo-Celtic Australian sibpairs resident in or near Sydney, Australia, with onset of HT before age 60 years (mean, 44 ± 13 SD years). A 10-cM scan involving 400 microsatellite markers and

Adam V. Benjafield; William Y. S. Wang; Helen J. L. Speirs; Brian J. Morris

2005-01-01

88

A human thermal climatology of subtropical Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a physiologically relevant thermal comfort index (OUT_SET*), an analysis of the week-by-week human thermal climate of Sydney was carried out for three levels of metabolic activity. The OUT_SET* index is an outdoor version of the widely used indoor comfort index called the standard effective temperature (SET*) incorporating air and mean radiant temperatures, relative humidity, air velocity, clothing insulation and activity level. The outdoor comfort zone for Sydney in terms of OUT_SET* was found from earlier subjective field studies to be in the range 23.8-28.5°C. The analysis indicated that the mid-summer period (weeks 43 through to 12 in the Southern Hemisphere) was most suitable for sedentary outdoor activities (e.g. watching spectator sport), whereas the mid-winter period was more suitable for light activities such as walking. Sydney's winter was found to be a very suitable season for tourism in many respects because of (a) low rainfall months, like August, and (b) the ability to undertake light activities while remaining within the outdoor comfort zone. For high metabolic activities during the day, for example the mass participation Sydney City-to-Surf fun run, it was found that the threshold limit value for increased risk of heat stress (as defined by ISO 7243, 1989) is exceeded up to 50% of the time during the summer (weeks 50 through to 9 at 3 p.m.) at the 90th percentile probability level. The methods and results of this study should be relevant to end-users such as architects, engineers, outdoor-event planners and the tourism industry in general.

Spagnolo, J. C.; de Dear, R. J.

2003-09-01

89

Sydney Water's public-private partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Prospect Water Filtration Plant will be one of the largest water treatment plants in the world, with an initial capacity of 780 mgd (3,000 ML\\/d) and a potential future capacity of 1,090 mgd (4,200 ML\\/d). It has been developed under a build-own-operate (BOO) contract between Australian Water Services (the private operator) and the Sydney Water Corporation (the public authority).

Pierre M. J. Alla; David Manzi

1996-01-01

90

Characteristics of the 14 April 1999 Sydney hailstorm based on ground observations, weather radar, insurance data and emergency calls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hailstorms occur frequently in metropolitan Sydney, in the eastern Australian State of New South Wales, which is especially vulnerable due to its building exposure and geographical location. Hailstorms challenge disaster response agencies and pose a great risk for insurance companies. This study focuses on the Sydney hailstorm of 14 April 1999 - Australia's most expensive insured natural disaster, with supporting

S. S. Schuster; R. J. Blong; R. J. Leigh; K. J. McAneney

2005-01-01

91

The Impact of Advanced Nowcasting Systems on Severe Weather Warning during the Sydney 2000 Forecast Demonstration Project: 3 November 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the principal aims of the Sydney 2000 Forecast Demonstration Project was to assess the utility of advanced nowcasting systems to operational severe weather forecasters. This paper describes the application of the products of a variety of systems by forecasters during a severe weather event in Sydney, Australia, on 3 November 2000. During this day a severe storm developed

Neil I. Fox; Rob Webb; John Bally; Michael W. Sleigh; Clive E. Pierce; David M. L. Sills; Paul I. Joe; James Wilson; Chris G. Collier

2004-01-01

92

Islam in Sydney: Contesting the Discourse of Absence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non?recognition is one of the key modes of re?inscribing the Other. In Sydney's anti?mosque politics this form of oppression was manifest as a discourse of absence. Sydney Muslims have been portrayed as non?existent within, or external to, localities where mosques have been proposed. In these circumstances claims to belonging and citizenship by Sydney Muslims have been fundamentally injured. Census data

KEVIN DUNN

2004-01-01

93

Experiences in managing problematic crystal methamphetamine use and associated depression in gay men and HIV positive men: in-depth interviews with general practitioners in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper describes the experiences of Australian general practitioners (GPs) in managing problematic crystal methamphetamine (crystal meth) use among two groups of male patients: gay men and HIV positive men. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews with GPs with HIV medication prescribing rights were conducted in Sydney, Adelaide and a rural-coastal town in New South Wales between August and October 2006.

Deborah C Saltman; Christy E Newman; Limin Mao; Susan C Kippax; Michael R Kidd

2008-01-01

94

Ethnomedicine and dominant medicine in multicultural Australia: a critical realist reflection on the case of Korean-Australian immigrants in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Viewed through the micro focus of an interpretive lens, medical anthropology remains mystified because interpretivist explanations seriously downplay the given context in which individual health seeking-behaviours occur. This paper draws upon both the interpretivist and political economy perspectives to reflect on the ethno medical practices within the Korean-Australian community in Sydney. METHODS: We draw on research data collected between

Gil-Soo Han; Harry Ballis

2007-01-01

95

The media at Asilomar, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Manipulation>Revolution>putting it together Sydney Brenner on the Press at Asilomar Sydney Brenner talks about his suggestion that the Press switch off their tape recorders at Asilomar.

2008-10-06

96

Parasites of QX-resistant and wild-type Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) in Moreton Bay, SE Queensland, Australia: diversity and host response.  

PubMed

Wild caught (WC) and QX resistant (QXR) Sydney rock oysters were introduced at North Stradbroke Island and Pimpama River, SE Queensland, Australia, and sampled monthly during 1 year. Three groups of parasites/diseases were identified by observation of histological sections: (1) Marteilia sydneyi (Queensland unknown (QX) disease) and Steinhausia sp. (Microsporidia) characterized by a high prevalence and deleterious impact on the host; (2) disseminated neoplasia and the trematode Proctoeces sp. characterized by low prevalence but deleterious effects on the host; (3) parasites or symbionts with no detectable effect on the host: trematodes, ciliates, turbellarians and metacestodes. Mortality rates were similar between both oyster lines but higher at Pimpama River (reaching around 90%) than Stradbroke Island, mostly because of QX disease and, to a lesser extent, to the unfavourable environmental conditions of the summer 2010-2011. Lower prevalences of QX disease at Stradbroke Island probably related to the relative lack of intermediate hosts of the parasite and to lower freshwater input. Surprisingly, no difference in prevalence of QX disease was observed between the two oyster lines. PMID:23274078

Dang, Cécile; Cribb, Thomas H; Cutmore, Scott C; Chan, Janlin; Hénault, Olivier; Barnes, Andrew C

2012-12-27

97

How can investment in the landscape or the interface reduce the risk of house loss from wildfires? A comparative study between Sydney, Australia and California, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wildfire can result in significant losses to people and property. Management agencies undertake a range of actions in the landscape and at the interface to reduce this risk. Data relating to the success of individual treatments varies, with some approaches well understood and others less so. Research has rarely attempted to consider the interactive effects of treatments in order to determine optimal management strategies that reduce the risk of loss. Bayesian Networks provide a statistical framework for undertaking such an analysis. Here we apply Bayesian Networks to examine the trade-offs in investment in preventative actions (e.g., fuel treatment, community education, development controls) and suppressive actions (e.g., initial attack, landscape suppression, property protection) in two fire prone regions -Sydney, Australia and California, USA. Investment in management actions at the interface resulted in the greatest reduction in the risk of house loss for both of the study regions. Landscape treatments had a limited ability to change the risk of house loss.

Penman, Trent; Bradstock, Ross; Collins, Luke; Fotheringham, Cj; Keeley, Jon; Labiosa, Bill; Price, Owen; Syphard, Alex

2013-04-01

98

Field and modelling investigations of fresh-water plume behaviour in response to infrequent high-precipitation events, Sydney Estuary, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Runoff from the urban environment is a major contributor of non-point source contamination for many estuaries, yet the ultimate fate of this stormwater within the estuary is frequently unknown in detail. The relationship between catchment rainfall and estuarine response within the Sydney Estuary (Australia) was investigated in the present study. A verified hydrodynamic model (Environmental Fluid Dynamics Computer Code) was utilised in concert with measured salinity data and rainfall measurements to determine the relationship between rainfall and discharge to the estuary, with particular attention being paid to a significant high-precipitation event. A simplified rational method for calculating runoff based upon daily rainfall, subcatchment area and runoff coefficients was found to replicate discharge into the estuary associated with the monitored event. Determining fresh-water supply based upon estuary conditions is a novel technique which may assist those researching systems where field-measured runoff data are not available and where minor field-measured information on catchment characteristics are obtainable. The study concluded that since the monitored fresh-water plume broke down within the estuary, contaminants associated with stormwater runoff due to high-precipitation events (daily rainfall > 50 mm) were retained within the system for a longer period than was previously recognised.

B., Serena; Lee | Gavin, F.; Birch | Charles, J.; Lemckert

2011-05-01

99

A study of the evolution of the stable isotope signature of water vapour during the passage of synoptic low pressure systems over Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The stable isotopic composition of water vapour can provide a tracer of the evapotranspiration, precipitation and atmospheric mixing that has occurred along the trajectory of an air mass. Incorporation of stable water isotopes into weather and climate prediction models therefore has the potential to aid in their evaluation and improvement, but this requires the availability of continuous high-resolution time series of quality isotope data. We present an analysis of a one-year time series of hourly water vapour stable isotope measurements, collected using Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy at a site near Sydney, Australia. The analysis investigates large variations in the time series of water vapour ?2H and ?18O values and their inter-relationship, corresponding to shifts in meteorological conditions associated with the passage of synoptic-scale weather systems. To help understand the variations in the observed signals, the stable isotope and meteorological data has been augmented with measurements of atmospheric radon concentrations and back trajectory analyses. The combination of these different indicators provides an insight into the synoptic scale processes and source regions that influence the stable isotopic composition of water vapour in the atmosphere.

Parkes, S. D.; Williams, A. G.; Element, A.; Griffith, D. W.

2008-12-01

100

Fine-particle Mn and other metals linked to the introduction of MMT into gasoline in Sydney, Australia: Results of a natural experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a combination of accelerator-based ion beam methods we have analysed PM 2.5 particulates for a suite of 21 species (H, C, Na, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Pb) to evaluate the contribution to Sydney (New South Wales, Australia) air associated with the introduction of MMT as a replacement for lead. MMT was discontinued in 2004. Teflon filters representing continuous sampling for a 7 year period from 1998 to 2004 were analysed from two sites: one from Mascot, a suburb close to the Central Business District [CBD ( n=718)] and a high trafficked area, and the other, a relatively rural (background) setting at Richmond, ˜20 km west of the CBD ( n=730). Manganese concentrations in air at the background site increased from a mean of 1.5-1.6 ng m -3 to less than 2 ng m -3 at the time of greatest MMT use whereas those at Mascot increased from about 2 to 5 ng m -3. From the maximum values, the Mn showed a steady decrease at both sites concomitant with the decreasing use of MMT. Lead concentrations in air at both sites decreased from 1998 onwards, concomitant with the phase out of leaded gasoline, attained in 2002. Employing previously determined elemental signatures it was possible to adjust effects from season along with auto emissions and soil. A high correlation was obtained for the relationship between Mn in air and lead replacement gasoline use ( R2 0.83) and an improved correlation for Mn/ Al+Si+K and lead replacement gasoline use ( R2 0.93). In addition, using Mn concentrations normalized to background values of Al+Si+K or Ti to account for the lithogenically derived Mn, the proportion of anthropogenic Mn was approximately 70%. The changes for Mn and Pb detected in the particulates are attributed to the before-during-after use of MMT and decreasing use of lead in gasoline. The values measured in Sydney air are well below the reference concentration of 50 ng Mn m -3. The incremental increases in air, however, are larger than expected given the limited use of MMT only in lead replacement gasoline and high quality monitoring should be undertaken in countries where MMT is used in all gasoline.

Cohen, D. D.; Gulson, B. L.; Davis, J. M.; Stelcer, E.; Garton, D.; Hawas, O.; Taylor, A.

101

Dendroanalysis of metal pollution from the Sydney Steel Plant in Sydney, Nova Scotia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sydney Steel Plant emitted toxic pollutants into the local area for almost 100 years. Although no paper record exists of the amount and spatial variability of the pollutants emitted, a natural record exists locked in the annual growth of native tree species in the region. Studies have shown that temperate trees can incorporate local metal pollution into their annual

Hannah C. MacDonald; Colin P. Laroque; David E. B. Fleming; Mihai R. Gherase

2011-01-01

102

The Case of Sydney's Tainted Food Scandal: Background and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Farmers from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds are of major economic and social importance in the Sydney basin, producing 90% of Sydney's perishable vegetables. Although most are unable to read English, all technical information, including that for pesticide use, is only available in English. Despite many attempts to influence policy, such as through the formation of the NSW Premier's Taskforce

Frances Parker

103

Telecommunications delivery in the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sydney Olympic Games was the largest peace time event ever. Telecommunications was critical to its operations and the delivery of the Games to 3.5 billion viewers around the world. The main challenges included the design and operation of the highest-density mobile network in the world at Sydney Olympic Park and the provisioning of the necessary international links from a

J. Hunter

2001-01-01

104

Beginning Christian–Muslim Dialogue in Western Sydney: Context and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is the initial paper of a longer project that aims to chart the progress of Christian–Muslim dialogue in western Sydney, Australia. The first part provides the context for aspects of Muslim settlement, organization and practice in Australia. Following a brief overview of interfaith dialogue, the second part offers an exposition and analysis of the objectives and motivation of

Avril Anne Keely

2006-01-01

105

Importance of fabric and composition on the stress sensitivity of permeability in some coals, northern Sydney basin, Australia: Relevance to coalbed methane exploitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fabric and composition of a series of Upper Permian high-volatile to low-volatile bituminous coals of the Sydney basin have a marked effect on stress sensitivity of permeability, and thus on the reservoir characteristics of the coal. The coals vary in composition from end members of predominantly bright-banded coal comprised mainly of the microlithotype vitrite and the maceral vitrinite, to dull

R. M. Bustin

1997-01-01

106

An environmental intervention to promote walking and cycling—the impact of a newly constructed Rail Trail in Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFew studies have evaluated environmental changes to promote physical activity. The impact of a local promotional campaign around a newly constructed Rail Trail in western Sydney, Australia, was assessed.

Dafna Merom; Adrian Bauman; Philip Vita; Glenn Close

2003-01-01

107

The scientific legacy of Sydney Chapman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney Chapman (1888-1970) was arguably one of the greatest scientists of the twentieth century. His comprehensive work on the kinetic theory of gases and solar-terrestrial physics, as well as on the mechanisms behind the formation of Earth's ozone layer, has inspired a wide swath of research spanning several generations [Van Allen, 1970]. Chapman, a member of the Royal Society, in London, and president of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), also was a recipient of AGU's William Bowie Medal. Young AGU members today may recognize Chapman from the topical conferences that carry his name. Although his biography has so far not been published, he gave three talks on his life: two at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo., in 1965 and 1966, and one at the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, in 1967 (see Figure 1). All three are transcribed and included in a book, Sydney Chapman, Eighty: From His Friends [Akasofu et al., 1968]. These talks, combined with other sources, shed light on this insightful and discerning scientist.

Akasofu, Syun-Ichi

2011-08-01

108

Sydney Tar Ponds: Some Problems in Quantifying Toxic Waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on the type and amount of hazardous and toxic waste is required to develop a meaningful strategy and estimate\\u000a a realistic cost for clean up of the Sydney Tar Pond site which is located on Cape Breton, in the province of Nova Scotia,\\u000a Canada. The site covers the area of the decommissioned Sysco (Sydney Steel Corporation) plant. The materials

EDWARD FURIMSKY

2002-01-01

109

Representations of Islam in the politics of mosque development in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

The negative constructions of Islam which circulate at (inter)national levels include Muslims as fanatical, intolerant, militant, fundamentalist, misogynist and alien. The various constructions of Islam had varying utility for mosque opponents in Sydney, Australia, during the 1980s and 1990s. Fanaticism and intolerance are constructions of Islam which have now had centuries of articulation in the West. These constructions have attained

Kevin M. Dunn

2001-01-01

110

Sarah Dawes and the coal lumpers: absence and presence on the Sydney waterfront 1900-1917  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is, primarily, a feminist account of meaning and significance in working class households on the early twentieth century Sydney waterfront. Initially, the raison detre of the thesis was to redress the patent absence of women and their domestic labour in my earlier work on the history of the Waterside Workers Federation of Australia (WWF). However, in response to

Margo Beasley

2004-01-01

111

Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Risk Mapping of Sediment Metals in Sydney Harbour Embayments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sediment metal concentrations in embayments of Sydney Harbour, acquired from the literature and from samples collected for this study, were used to generate contaminant probability density distributions using AQUARISK. The sediment metal concentrations often exceeded Australia's interim sediment quality guidelines. Similarly, estuarine spiked sediment toxicity test literature provided adverse biotic effects concentration data to generate species sensitivity distributions using AQUARISK.

J. Twining; N. Creighton; S. Hollins; R. Szymczak

2008-01-01

112

Creating Effective Holocaust Education Programmes for Government Schools with Large Muslim Populations in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Holocaust education can play a role in countering the ongoing problem of prejudice and incitement to hate that can lead to racial tension and violence. This article examines the beliefs of Muslim school children towards Jews in Sydney, Australia. It then discusses efforts to use Holocaust education to combat racist beliefs and hate language, and…

Rutland, Suzanne D.

2010-01-01

113

Tracing Discourses of Social Action: Inner-City Sydney Neighbourhood Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on my doctoral research around community organizations in the inner city of Sydney, Australia. The neighbourhood centres (NCs) provide a case study of sites where discourses of feminism, multiculturalism and urban environmentalism have been activated within a social justice framework. The research participants were activists…

Rule, John

2005-01-01

114

Trade union strategy in Sydney's construction union: a Roman Catholic perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to document key elements of union strategy at Sydney (Lidcombe) branch of Australia's Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union (CFMEU) in an attempt to document and critique its branch level strategy in the year immediately after the removal of the Howard-Costello Government. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study approach is used in analysing

Jenny Kwai-Sim Leung; Kieran James; Razvan V. Mustata; Carmen Giorgiana Bonaci

2010-01-01

115

Spatial and rainfall related patterns of bacterial contamination in Sydney Harbour estuary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water quality in recreational areas in Sydney Harbour, Australia, was analysed first to identify spatial patterns in faecal coliform and enterococci densities, and then to determine the relationship between bacterial densities and catchment rainfall. Non-metric multidimensional scaling separated sites closest to the mouth of the harbour from those further up the harbour's west and north-west arms. Sites closest to the

Grant C. Hose; Geoff Gordon; Fiona E. McCullough; Nicholas Pulver; Brad R. Murray

2005-01-01

116

Linking Organisational Culture and Effectiveness at the Sydney Institute of Technology: Some Preliminary Findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines research undertaken to identify the dominant culture of the Sydney Institute of Technology, 1 a large provider of vocational education and training in the NSW TAFE Commission, Australia, and to evaluate whether the dominant culture will assist or hinder the Institute in the competitive market created by the National Training Reform Agenda. The paper discusses the results

Bob Frew

117

A spectroscopic investigation of the weathering of a heritage Sydney sandstone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Infrared spectroscopy has been employed in a study of the degradation of heritage Sydney sandstone used in St. Mary's Cathedral in Sydney, Australia. Spectra were used to characterise the clay components taken from weathered and unweathered sandstone blocks removed from the Cathedral as part of a restoration programme. Two types of kaolin clays - kaolinite and its polymorph, dickite - have been identified. A higher amount of dickite present in the clay of weathered sandstone indicated that a kaolinite-to-dickite transformation occurs upon weathering. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was also used to confirm the presence of a more thermally stable polymorph of the kaolinite in the sandstone.

Ip, K. H.; Stuart, B. H.; Ray, A. S.; Thomas, P. S.

2008-12-01

118

The Sydney University Stellar Interferometer - I. The instrument  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) is a new long-baseline optical interferometer located in northern New South Wales, Australia. SUSI has been developed to tackle a range of problems in stellar astrophysics, and its design is based on a successful prototype instrument. In its initial configuration, observations are made with a single baseline selected from an array of fixed north-south baselines covering the range from 5 to 640 m. Small apertures, wavefront-tilt correction and rapid signal sampling are employed to overcome the effects of atmospheric turbulence, and optical path equality is maintained by a dynamic optical delay line. The planned astrophysical programmes, the resulting design criteria, the instrument and its current status are described.

Davis, J.; Tango, W. J.; Booth, A. J.; ten Brummelaar, T. A.; Minard, R. A.; Owens, S. M.

1999-03-01

119

Future Training Issues in Australia's Industries. A Collection of the Papers Presented at the NCVER 1998 Conference: Industry Training Outlook '98 (Sydney, Australia, October 12-13, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 31 papers from a conference on future training issues in Australia's industries. The following papers are included: "Training Development in Australia" (Chris Ellison); "Meeting National and Employer Training Requirements" (Mark Paterson); "Meeting Employee Training Requirements" (Bill Mansfield); "Training Challenges in…

Curtin, Penelope, Ed.

120

Future Training Issues in Australia's Industries. A Collection of the Papers Presented at the NCVER 1998 Conference: Industry Training Outlook '98 (Sydney, Australia, October 12-13, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 31 papers from a conference on future training issues in Australia's industries. The following papers are included: "Training Development in Australia" (Chris Ellison); "Meeting National and Employer Training Requirements" (Mark Paterson); "Meeting Employee Training Requirements" (Bill Mansfield); "Training Challenges in…

Curtin, Penelope, Ed.

121

Miles Franklin's Sydney Royal (1947): An Antipodean menippea for children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the formal features of Sydney Royal (1947) — by the canonised mainstream Australian writer (Stella) Miles Franklin (1879–1954) — against Bakhtin's description of the serio?comical genre of the menippea. Generic location may make us reconsider dismissal of this virtually unknown work as an insignificant freak within children's literature. The menippea is a genre pervaded by ambivalence and

Sanjay Sircar

1995-01-01

122

Regional variation in the vowels of female adolescents from sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the assumption that Australian English vowel variation within urban centres is restricted to broadness variation and is a consequence of socioeconomic rather than regional fac- tors. The acoustic structure of vowel realisations for subjects across three different regions in Sydney is compared to shed some light on the theory of regional uniformity. 95 adolescent female speakers of

Felicity Cox; Sallyanne Palethorpe

1998-01-01

123

Rewriting "The Road to Nowhere": Place Pedagogies in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Negative representations of parts of our cities are endemic in the Australian media, where certain suburbs function as motifs for failure--past, present, and future. Indeed, as one journalist put it after invoking the "interchangeable" triumvirate of Sydney's Mount Druitt, Melbourne's West Heidelberg, and Brisbane's Inala, "geography is destiny"…

Gannon, Susanne

2009-01-01

124

Suburban Affairs: Groups and Political Communities Across Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to recent international research, political mobilisation at the local level no longer reflects socioeconomic divisions in society, but is instead based on a post-material oriented ‘politics of choice’. This proposition is applied to group politics within six Sydney communities. We broaden the examination of political activity undertaken by local groups to include lobbying, advocacy and community organising. This leads

Ben Spies-Butcher; Ariadne Vromen

2010-01-01

125

Rewriting "The Road to Nowhere": Place Pedagogies in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Negative representations of parts of our cities are endemic in the Australian media, where certain suburbs function as motifs for failure--past, present, and future. Indeed, as one journalist put it after invoking the "interchangeable" triumvirate of Sydney's Mount Druitt, Melbourne's West Heidelberg, and Brisbane's Inala, "geography is destiny"…

Gannon, Susanne

2009-01-01

126

Engaging the Refugee Community of Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the community engagement program, "Refugee Action Support" (RAS) at the University of Western Sydney. RAS is a partnership program between the Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation, The NSW Department of Education and Training and the university. The Refugee Action Support program prepares pre-service teachers to teach…

Naidoo, Loshini

2010-01-01

127

Olympic ArtsSydney 2000 and the Cultural Olympiad  

Microsoft Academic Search

The charter of the International Olympic Committee prescribes that a `fine arts' event be held in conjunction with the sporting programme as an equally important aspect of the official Olympic Games calendar. As part of the staging of the 2000 Olympic Games, the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games is responsible for organizing and staging a `cultural' programme. Despite

Deborah Stevenson

1997-01-01

128

The Sydney Olympic Games announcement and Australian stock market reaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 23 September 1993 the International Olympic Committee announced that Sydney would host the 2000 Olympic Games. Given the keen competition between rival cities bidding for the Olympics it could be argued that the winning city anticipates economic benefits to accrue from hosting the games. To the extent that this is valid, some stock market reaction may be found to

Gabrielle Berman; Robert Brooks; Sinclair Davidson

2000-01-01

129

Sydney Campus welcomes its 'Friends' at a Notre Dame Community Breakfast  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia has welcomed individuals and businesses who have offered the University their continued support with a ‘Friends of the University’ breakfast held on the Sydney Campus.\\u000aAssociate Professor Sonja Holm, Executive Director, Admissions and Student Services, said the event provided Notre Dame the opportunity to thank the friends of the University for their continued support.

Elizabeth Fenech

2012-01-01

130

The Relationship Between Obesity and Blood Pressure Differs by Ethnicity in Sydney School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and high systolic blood pressure (SBP) in Southeast Asian (SEAsian) and Australian children living in Australia.MethodsSBP, country of birth, and obesity indices (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and percent body fat (%TBF)) were recorded in 1,232 9-year-old children from Sydney schools and remeasured 3 years later

Liang Ke; Kaye E. Brock; Rosemary V. Cant; Yang Li; Stephen L. Morrell

2009-01-01

131

Creating effective Holocaust education programmes for government schools with large Muslim populations in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Holocaust education can play a role in countering the ongoing problem of prejudice and incitement to hate that can lead to\\u000a racial tension and violence. This article examines the beliefs of Muslim school children towards Jews in Sydney, Australia.\\u000a It then discusses efforts to use Holocaust education to combat racist beliefs and hate language, and an alternative approach\\u000a that illustrates

Suzanne D. Rutland; UNESCO IBE

2010-01-01

132

Unpacking Interpretation: De-Constructions from Australia, America and Reggio Emilia. Selected Conference Papers from the Unpacking Conference (6th, Sydney, Australia, July 16-17, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference proceedings compiles a representative sample of the papers presented at the Institute of Early Childhood in July 2001, one in a series of conferences examining the challenges which the schools of Reggio Emilia, Italy present the early childhood profession in Australia. The conference focused on the interpretation of experiences and…

Fleet, Alma, Ed.; Robertson, Janet, Ed.

133

Should cities hosting mass gatherings invest in public health surveillance and planning? Reflections from a decade of mass gatherings in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Mass gatherings have been defined by the World Health Organisation as "events attended by a sufficient number of people to strain the planning and response resources of a community, state or nation". This paper explores the public health response to mass gatherings in Sydney, the factors that influenced the extent of deployment of resources and the utility of planning for mass gatherings as a preparedness exercise for other health emergencies. Discussion Not all mass gatherings of people require enhanced surveillance and additional response. The main drivers of extensive public health planning for mass gatherings reflect geographical spread, number of international visitors, event duration and political and religious considerations. In these instances, the implementation of a formal risk assessment prior to the event with ongoing daily review is important in identifying public health hazards. Developing and utilising event-specific surveillance to provide early-warning systems that address the specific risks identified through the risk assessment process are essential. The extent to which additional resources are required will vary and depend on the current level of surveillance infrastructure. Planning the public health response is the third step in preparing for mass gatherings. If the existing public health workforce has been regularly trained in emergency response procedures then far less effort and resources will be needed to prepare for each mass gathering event. The use of formal emergency management structures and co-location of surveillance and planning operational teams during events facilitates timely communication and action. Summary One-off mass gathering events can provide a catalyst for innovation and engagement and result in opportunities for ongoing public health planning, training and surveillance enhancements that outlasted each event.

Thackway, Sarah; Churches, Timothy; Fizzell, Jan; Muscatello, David; Armstrong, Paul

2009-01-01

134

Travel Mode and Physical Activity at Sydney University  

PubMed Central

How staff and students travel to university can impact their physical activity level. An online survey of physical activity and travel behaviour was conducted in early November 2012 to inform planning of physical activity and active travel promotion programs at the University of Sydney, Australia as part of the “Sit Less, Move More” sub-committee of the Healthy University Initiative, and as baseline data for evaluation. There were 3,737 useable responses, 60% of which were from students. Four out of five respondents travelled to the University on the day of interest (Tuesday, November 30, 2012). The most frequently used travel modes were train (32%), car as driver (22%), bus (17%), walking (17%) and cycling (6%). Staff were twice as likely to drive as students, and also slightly more likely to use active transport, defined as walking and cycling (26% versus 22%). Overall, 41% of respondents were sufficiently active (defined by meeting physical activity recommendations of 150 min per week). Participants were more likely to meet physical activity recommendations if they travelled actively to the University. With a high proportion of respondents using active travel modes or public transport already, increasing the physical activity levels and increasing the use of sustainable travel modes would mean a mode shift from public transport to walking and cycling for students is needed and a mode shift from driving to public transport or active travel for University staff. Strategies to achieve this are discussed.

Rissel, Chris; Mulley, Corinne; Ding, Ding

2013-01-01

135

Sydney-Gunnedah-Bowen Basin deep 3D structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies of the Sydney-Gunnedah-Bowen Basin (SGBB), one of the largest extensional rift sedimentary basins on the east coast of Australia, lack an understanding of the 3D upper crustal structure. Understanding of the subsurface structure is essential for many areas of resource exploration, development and management, as well as scientific research. Geological models provide a way to visualise and investigate the subsurface structure. The integrated regional scale gravity modelling approach, which uses boreholes and seismic data constraints, provides an understanding of the upper crustal structure and allows the development of a 3D geological model which can be used as the architectural framework for many different applications. This work presents a 3D geological model of the SGBB developed for application in high resolution thermal models. It is the culmination of geological surfaces derived from the interpolation of previous regional scale 2D gravity models and numerous borehole records. The model outlines the basement structure of the SGBB and provides information on depth to basement, depth to basal volcanics and thickness of overlying sediments. Through understanding the uncertainties, limitations, confidence and reliability of this model, the 3D geological model can provide the ideal framework for future research.

Danis, Cara

2012-01-01

136

The Sydney 2000 World Weather Research Programme Forecast Demonstration Project: Overview and Current Status.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first World Weather Research Programme (WWRP) Forecast Demonstration Project (FDP), with a focus on nowcasting, was conducted in Sydney, Australia, from 4 September to 21 November 2000 during a period associated with the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Through international collaboration, nine nowcasting systems from the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia were deployed at the Sydney Office of the Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) to demonstrate the capability of modern forecast systems and to quantify the associated benefits in the delivery of a real-time nowcast service. On-going verification and impact studies supported by international committees assisted by the WWRP formed an integral part of this project. A description is given of the project, including component systems, the weather, and initial outcomes. Initial results show that the nowcasting systems tested were transferable and able to provide valuable information enhancing BOM nowcasts. The project provided for unprecedented interchange of concepts and ideas between forecasters, researchers, and end users in an operational framework where they all faced common issues relevant to real time nowcast decision making. A training workshop sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) was also held in conjunction with the project so that other member nations could benefit from the FDP.

Keenan, T.; Joe, P.; Wilson, J.; Collier, C.; Golding, B.; Burgess, D.; May, P.; Pierce, C.; Bally, J.; Crook, A.; Seed, A.; Sills, D.; Berry, L.; Potts, R.; Bell, I.; Fox, N.; Ebert, E.; Eilts, M.;  O'Loughlin, K.;  Webb, R.;  Carbone, R.;  Browning, K.;  Roberts, R.;  Mueller, C.

2003-08-01

137

New Directions in Theatre for Young People: A Report on the Recent Work of REM Theatre in Sydney.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines new directions in theater for young people by profiling work of the "REM" theater company in Sydney, Australia. The company's second production for children is based on the myths, legends, and performance techniques of Fijian villagers. The company's productions involve a carefully constructed process that introduces the young audience to…

Nicholls, Jennifer A.

1993-01-01

138

A Walk-Up-and-Use Information System for the Sydney Olympics: A Case Study in User-Centered Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The info information retrieval system was designed and developed for the XXVII Olym- pic Summer Games held in Sydney, Australia in September 2000. info provided journal- ists and broadcasters with information for planning their days at the games and produc- ing their coverage of Olympic events. The user-centered design (UCD) team from the IBM Storage Systems Group was invited to

Vivian Healy; Richard Herder

2002-01-01

139

The Sydney Olympics: Striving for Legacies – Overcoming Short-Term Disappointments and Long-Term Deficiencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a stakeholder perspective the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games are investigated in terms of their economic, social, environmental, knowledge, sporting and political legacies. From a sporting perspective, elite sport in Australia has profited at the expense of sport for all. The sporting infrastructure legacy is improving, but at continued ongoing cost to the New South Wales' taxpayer. Any social impacts

Kristine Toohey

2008-01-01

140

Numeracy and Beyond. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia Incorporated (24th, Sydney, Australia, June 30-July 4, 2001). Volume 1 [and] Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document represents volumes 1 and 2 of the proceedings of the 24th annual conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia (MERGA) held at the University of Sydney, June 30-July 4, 2001. In volume 1, papers include: (1) "Connecting Mathematics Education Research to Practice" (Judith Sowder); (2) "Understanding, Assessing,…

Bobis, Janette, Ed.; Perry, Bob, Ed.; Mitchelmore, Michael, Ed.

141

Numeracy and Beyond. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia Incorporated (24th, Sydney, Australia, June 30-July 4, 2001). Volume 1 [and] Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document represents volumes 1 and 2 of the proceedings of the 24th annual conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia (MERGA) held at the University of Sydney, June 30-July 4, 2001. In volume 1, papers include: (1) "Connecting Mathematics Education Research to Practice" (Judith Sowder); (2) "Understanding,…

Bobis, Janette, Ed.; Perry, Bob, Ed.; Mitchelmore, Michael, Ed.

142

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation (GRG18) and 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi7), Sydney, Australia, July 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

At GRG17 in Dublin in 2004, it was decided to hold GRG18 in Sydney in 2007. Every six years, the GRG conference (held every three years) and Amaldi meeting (held every two years) occur in the same year around July. This was to be the case in 2007. By mutual agreement of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation

Susan M Scott; David E McClelland

2008-01-01

143

EDITORIAL: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation (GRG18) and 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi7), Sydney, Australia, July 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

At GRG17 in Dublin in 2004, it was decided to hold GRG18 in Sydney in 2007. Every six years, the GRG conference (held every three years) and Amaldi meeting (held every two years) occur in the same year around July. This was to be the case in 2007. By mutual agreement of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation

Susan M. Scott; David E. McClelland

2008-01-01

144

Were jobs more important than health in Sydney?  

PubMed Central

Unusually high cancer rates in Sydney, NS, have finally prompted an epidemiologic study that will look at the interplay of occupational and environmental exposure, smoking and genetic predisposition. The study is part of a $3.6 million healthy communities project, and it may determine the effect of coke-oven emissions on steelworkers and residents. Images p920-a p921-a p921-b p922-a

Robb, N

1995-01-01

145

Trace metals in oysters and sediments of Botany Bay, Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trace metal concentrations (Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn) in Sydney rock oysters (Sacostera commercialis) and sediments (<53 ?m fraction) were determined for six sites in the northern regions of Botany Bay. Levels for lead, cadmium, copper and zinc in oysters ranged (in ?g g?1) from 1.38 to 15.3, 1.81 to 16.3, 56.1 to 212 and 1806 to 2902, respectively. In

W. J Hayes; I. J Anderson; M. Z Gaffoor; J Hurtado

1998-01-01

146

Taking Charge: Walter Sydney Adams and the Mount Wilson Observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing preeminence of American observational astronomy in the first half of the 20th century is a well-known story and much credit is given to George Ellery Hale and his skill as an observatory-building entrepreneur. But a key figure who has yet to be discussed in great detail is Walter Sydney Adams (1876-1956), Hale's Assistant Director at Mount Wilson Observatory.

R. Brashear

2004-01-01

147

Notre Dame appoints new Dean for School of Medicine, Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vice Chancellor, Professor Celia Hammond has announced the appointment of Dr Christine Bennett as the new Dean of the School of Medicine, Sydney, commencing on Monday 2 May 2011.\\u000aProfessor Hammond said Dr Bennett was selected following a wide ranging international recruitment process.\\u000a“Dr Bennett’s impressive record of achievements is testimony to her passion and commitment to the health profession

Michelle Ebbs

2011-01-01

148

Associations between overseas, intra-urban and internal migration dynamics in Sydney, 1976–91  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1976 and 1991 metropolitan Sydney experienced unprecedented internal migration losses to other states and coastal\\u000a regions of New South Wales. Levels of overseas immigration were also high and housing costs increased markedly, especially\\u000a between 1986 and 1991. This paper investigates spatial statistical associations between overseas in-migration rates and internal\\u000a migration loss within Sydney and between housing costs in Sydney

I. H. Burnley

1996-01-01

149

A good organism to use for genetic research, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Manipulation>Techniques>model organisms>interviews Why the worm? Nobel Laureate Sydney Brenner talks about the reasons why C. elegans, a nematode worm, is a useful organism to study.

2008-10-06

150

Sydney medical student gives hope to homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

A first-year Notre Dame medical student will be spending the next four nights experiencing homelessness first-hand as part of a fundraising effort for Mission Australia. Sean Heinz will be commencing his first year of Notre Dame’s graduate-entry medical degree in early February. He currently works as an orderly at St Vincents Private Hospital and will be joined in his efforts

Elizabeth Fenech

2008-01-01

151

Concentrations of Pathogens and Indicators in Animal Feces in the Sydney Watershed  

PubMed Central

A fecal analysis survey was undertaken to quantify animal inputs of pathogenic and indicator microorganisms in the temperate watersheds of Sydney, Australia. The feces from a range of domestic animals and wildlife were analyzed for the indicator bacteria fecal coliforms and Clostridium perfringens spores, the pathogenic protozoa Cryptosporidium and Giardia, and the enteric viruses adenovirus, enterovirus, and reovirus. Pathogen and fecal indicator concentrations were generally higher in domestic animal feces than in wildlife feces. Future studies to quantify potential pathogen risks in drinking-water watersheds should thus focus on quantifying pathogen loads from domestic animals and livestock rather than wildlife.

Cox, Peter; Griffith, Merran; Angles, Mark; Deere, Daniel; Ferguson, Christobel

2005-01-01

152

Metropolitan Governance in Sydney: A Case of ‘Joint Decision-Making’  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses metropolitan governance arrangements in contemporary Sydney. Debate about the efficacy of these arrangements typically degenerates into an argument about the pros and cons of institutional consolidation. The article moves beyond this dispute, drawing on the concept of ‘actor-centred institutionalism’ to argue that Sydney's urban sprawl, combined with its rigid institutional setting, has produced what can be described

Daniel Kübler

2007-01-01

153

Short communication The 'Sydney Principles' for reducing the commercial promotion of foods and beverages to children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A set of seven principles (the 'Sydney Principles') was developed by an International Obesity Taskforce (IOTF) Working Group to guide action on changing food and beverage marketing practices that target children. The aim of the present commu- nication is to present the Sydney Principles and report on feedback received from a global consultation (November 2006 to April 2007) on the

Boyd Swinburn; Gary Sacks; Tim Lobstein; Neville Rigby; Louise A Baur; Kelly D Brownell; Tim Gill; Jaap Seidell; Shiriki Kumanyika

154

Post-Suburban Sydney: Community Between Global Commodity and Local Autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

But looked at closely, this isn't quite the core of the barriers to change. These other cities, too, struggle with severe growth disorders at their fringes. And in many ways Sydney is not like any of these cities. Like some Asian and North American metropolitan regions young Sydney is exploding into an enormous, quasi-urban configuration driven by powerful forces and

Peter Droege

155

The importance of prior knowledge: the Australian Olympic Committee and the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how the Australian Olympic Committee (AOC) was involved in the formation of the Sports Commission (SSC) within the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games (SOCOG) and as a critical contributor to the staging of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Using a figurational sociological framework, the intended and unintended consequences of the AOC's strategic and operational involvement

Stephen Frawley; Kristine Toohey

2009-01-01

156

Evidence for Recombination between Pandemic GII.4 Norovirus Strains New Orleans 2009 and Sydney 2012.  

PubMed

During 2012, a novel pandemic GII.4 norovirus variant, Sydney 2012, emerged worldwide. A signature of the variant was a GII.Pe ORF1, in association with GII.4 Apeldoorn 2008-like ORF2-ORF3 genes. We report the detection of recombinant GII.4 Sydney 2012 strains, possessing the ORF1 gene of the former pandemic variant New Orleans 2009. PMID:23966499

Martella, V; Medici, M C; De Grazia, S; Tummolo, F; Calderaro, A; Bonura, F; Saporito, L; Terio, V; Catella, C; Lanave, G; Buonavoglia, C; Giammanco, G M

2013-08-21

157

Angular pointing and guidance for the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) uses siderostats (plane, alt-azimuth mounted mirrors) to reflect starlight into the instrument. The analysis of the pointing and guidance of the siderostats by traditional methods is not practical and vector algebra has been used to develop the required algorithms. Real siderostats will not be ideal and can be modelled by a set of parameters. The methods for determining the model parameters and for incorporating them into the guidance and pointing algorithms is described. Field rotation also affects the operation of SUSI, and the field rotation angle and related quantities are also determined.

Tango, W. J.; Thorvaldson, E. D.

1996-11-01

158

Sexual health and use of condoms among local and international sex workers in Sydney.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To compare indicators of sexual health and predictors of condom use for commercial sex among local and international female sex workers first attending an STD clinic. SETTING: A public STD clinic in Sydney, Australia. SUBJECTS: All sex workers first attending between June 1991 and May 1993. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of demographic, behavioural and morbidity data from proforma medical records. RESULTS: 91 local sex workers and 123 international sex workers (predominantly from Thailand, Malaysia and China) first presented during the study period. There were significantly higher prevalences of chlamydia (0 v. 15%, p = 0.0002), gonorrhoea (0 v. 14%, p = 0.0006), syphilis (0 v. 10%, p = 0.006) and clinical genital herpes (0 v. 5%, p = 0.04) among international sex workers. The only case of HIV infection was in an international sex worker. Inconsistent condom use for commercial sex was significantly more common among international sex workers (RR = 4.5; 95% CI 3.1-6.5). On multivariate analysis, inconsistent condom use in international sex workers was associated with a recent history of prostitution outside Australia (p = 0.04), while inconsistent condom usage among local sex workers was associated with increasing age (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: These data illustrate the efficacy of condoms and the success of targeted education programmes in local sex workers in Sydney. By contrast, international sex workers continued to be at high risk of STDs. The international sex industry in Sydney requires enhanced culture-specific interventions. Immigration laws as they affect sex workers should also be reviewed.

O'Connor, C C; Berry, G; Rohrsheim, R; Donovan, B

1996-01-01

159

Sydney tar ponds: some problems in quantifying toxic waste.  

PubMed

Information on the type and amount of hazardous and toxic waste is required to develop a meaningful strategy and estimate a realistic cost for clean up of the Sydney Tar Pond site which is located on Cape Breton, in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. The site covers the area of the decommissioned Sysco (Sydney Steel Corporation) plant. The materials of concern include BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes), PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), PCB (polychlorinated biphenyl), and particulates laden with toxic metals, such as arsenic, lead, and others. The originally nontoxic materials such as soil, blast furnace slag, and vegetation, as well as surface and ground waters, which were subsequently contaminated, must also be included if they fail tests prescribed by environmental regulations. An extensive sampling program must be undertaken to obtain data for an accurate estimate of the waste to be cleaned and disposed of. Apparently, 700,000 tons of toxic waste, which is believed to be present on the site, may represent only a fraction of the actual amount. The clean-up of the site is only part of the solution. Toxic waste has to be disposed of in accordance with environmental regulations. PMID:12402101

Furimsky, Edward

2002-12-01

160

Sydney epilepsy incidence study to measure illness consequences: the SESIMIC observational epilepsy study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Epilepsy affects an estimated 50 million people and accounts for approximately 1% of days lost to ill health globally, making it one of the most common, serious neurological disorders. While there are abundant global data on epilepsy incidence, prevalence and treatment, there is a paucity of Australian incidence data. There is also a general lack of information on the psychosocial impact and socioeconomic consequences of a new diagnosis of epilepsy on an individual, their family, household, and community which are often specific to the health and social system of each country. Methods/Design The Sydney Epilepsy Incidence Study to Measure Illness Consequences (SEISMIC) is an Australian population-based epilepsy incidence and outcome study that will recruit every newly diagnosed case of epilepsy in the Sydney South West Area Health Service to an epilepsy register. Multiple and overlapping sources of notification will be used to identify all new cases of epilepsy over a 24 month period in the Eastern Zone of the Sydney South West Area Health Service (SSWAHS) and follow up will occur over 12 months. SEISMIC will use the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) definitions and classifications for epidemiologic studies of epilepsy. The study will examine outcomes including mood, quality of life, employment, education performance, driving status, marital and social problems, medication use, health care usage, costs and stigma. Discussion This study is designed to examine how clinical, psychological factors, socioeconomic circumstances, and healthcare delivery influence the experience of epilepsy for individuals and families allowing better targeting of specific services and informing policy makers and practitioners. In addition, the study will provide the basis for a longitudinal population-based cohort study and potentially inform qualitative sub-studies and randomised controlled trials of intervention strategies. The study has been registered on the Australia New Zealand Clinical Trial Registration database with ANZCTRN12609000059268.

2011-01-01

161

Research in Geographical Education--Volume 2. Papers Presented to the National Meeting of the Australian Geographical Research Association (2nd, Sydney, Australia, December 4-6, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains 14 papers, most of which were written by instructors of higher education in Australia and Great Britain. Following an introduction, the first five papers are "The Development of Children's Map Ability" (Simon Catling), "Published Guidance to Pupils on Atlas Mapwork Skills" (Herbert Sandford), "Tactual Mapping and the Bold…

Fien, John, Ed.; And Others

162

Proceedings of the International Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (8th, Sydney, Australia, August 16-19, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 53 plenary and contributed papers presented at the eighth Psychology of Mathematics Education (PME) meeting. Two plenary addresses focused on mathematics research in Australia and Japan, and problem solving and symbolism. Contributed papers were classified under 13 headings including: teaching and learning theory; cognition;…

Southwell, Beth, Ed.; And Others

163

Effects of diet and exercise on plasma vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in Vietnamese immigrant elderly in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with osteoporosis and fractures in the elderly. In Australia where there is a sizeable Vietnamese population, research has not yet clarified the roles of diet, exercise and sun exposure in determining vitamin D status. Plasma samples for 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D); dietary intake of vitamin D and calcium; muscle strength and sun exposure were measured

K Brock; R Cant; L Clemson; R. S Mason; D. R. Fraser

2007-01-01

164

Uranium variation in eastern coal; Sydney coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada  

SciTech Connect

Sydney coalfield of Nova Scotia is one of the largest coal basins in eastern Canada and to date has produced 342 million tons of bituminous coal. Production for 1988 was 2.9 million metric tons. This paper reports eleven of 22 coal seams of the coalfield investigated for uranium content and variation, using delayed neutron activation methods for accuracy and precision. At this level of sampling, no systematic variation was detected between uranium concentration and age of coals, but the data indicate that the younger, thick seams (> 35 cm) are on average somewhat richer than their older counterparts; the thick seams on average have one-tenth the uranium concentration of the thin seams; lateral uranium variation in a seam is large; seams show distinct trends described by relative enrichment/depletion patterns in top/bottom coal; and no secondary (epigenetic) uranium enrichment is evident.

Zodrow, E.L. (Dept. of Geology, Univ. College of Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia (CA))

1990-01-01

165

The Materials Acquisition Process at the University of Technology, Sydney: Equitable Transparent Allocation of Funds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the development of a library acquisition allocation formula at the University of Technology, Sydney. Covers the items included, consultative process adopted, details of the formulae derived and their implementation. (Author)|

O'Connor, Steve; Flynn, Ann; Lafferty, Susan

1998-01-01

166

Meeting the Chemical Biological and Radiological (CBR) Threat: Sydney Olympic Games - 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Joint incident Response Unit (JIRU) was given the specialist mission of reducing the hazard of Chemical Biological Radiological (CBR) and Explosive threats to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. The primary responsibility of reducing the CBR terrorist thre...

W. D. Penrose

2001-01-01

167

Unreliable\\/Inadequate Information on the Efficacy of Solidification\\/Stabilization of Sydney Tar Pond Sediments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently the Sydney Tar Ponds Agency (STPA) has been attempting to justify its selection of cement-based solidification\\/stabilization (S\\/S)of the Sydney Tar Ponds sediments and Coke Oven soils as the remediation approach for these areas. STPA has enlisted the assistance of Dr. Colin Hills of the Center for Contaminated Land Reclamation in Kent, England, to make statements in support of the

G. Fred Lee

168

Edinburgh and its role in the foundation of Sydney Medical School.  

PubMed

In 1882, Thomas Anderson Stuart (1856-1920) was appointed as Foundation Professor of Physiology and Anatomy at the University of Sydney. At the time he was Assistant-Professor of Physiology in the University of Edinburgh. He initiated the building of the Sydney Medical School in Scottish Tudor Gothic style. He attracted notable figures to Sydney Medical School, such as Dr Robert Scot Skirving. The original medical school (now the Anderson Stuart Building) continues today as the pre-clinical medical school of the University of Sydney. Its stained glass windows and many busts of distinguished figures in the history of medicine are a constant reminder of the history of medicine. The building with its gothic architecture and echoes of northern Britain has given generations of Sydney medical students a powerful message, that they were part of an ancient and noble profession. The recruitment of Edinburgh academics to Sydney ended with Professor CG Lambie who retired in 1956. The 1950s were a watershed between the Edinburgh heritage and the Australian future. PMID:17526132

Walker-Smith, J

2006-12-01

169

Science and technology progress at the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an overview of recent progress at the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI). Development of the third-generation PAVO beam combiner has continued. The MUSCA beam combiner for high-precision differential astrometry using visible light phase referencing is under active development and will be the subject of a separate paper. Because SUSI was one of the pioneering interferometric instruments, some of its original systems are old and have become difficult to maintain. We are undertaking a campaign of modernization of systems: (1) an upgrade of the Optical Path Length Compensator IR laser metrology counter electronics from a custom system which uses an obsolete single-board computer to a modern one based on an FPGA interfaced to a Linux computer - in addition to improving maintainability, this upgrade should allow smoother motion and higher carriage speeds; (2) the replacement of the aged single-board computer local controllers for the siderostats and the longitudinal dispersion compensator has been completed; (3) the large beam reducing telescope has been replaced with a pair of smaller units with separate accessible foci. Examples of scientific results are also included.

Robertson, J. Gordon; Ireland, Michael J.; Tango, William J.; Tuthill, Peter G.; Warrington, Benjamin A.; Kok, Yitping; Rizzuto, A. C.; Cheetham, Anthony; Jacob, Andrew P.

2012-07-01

170

Blood lead levels in preschool children in eastern Sydney.  

PubMed

A blood lead study of 1-4-year-old children attending child care centres in eastern Sydney was conducted from November 1992 until May 1993 to determine the distribution of blood lead levels (PbBs). A total of 191 children were tested during the survey, constituting a participation rate of 67%. The geometric mean PbB was 0.34 mumol/L (7.2 micrograms/dL); 13.6% of children had PbBs equal to or greater than the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) upper goal of 0.48 mumol/L (10 micrograms/dL). Traffic flow at home, the presence of pets at home and thumb-sucking in females were all highly associated with blood lead. In particular, the association between PbB and traffic volume indicated a positive dose-response type relationship. Removal of paint from a pre-1960s house and having a smoker in the house had a non-significant effect on variation in blood lead. These results suggest that recent government and industry actions to reduce lead in petrol should have a beneficial effect in lowering PbBs in children. Widespread public education on sources of lead around the home and on appropriate control measures to minimise exposure is warranted. PMID:9489195

Cowie, C; Black, D; Fraser, I

1997-12-01

171

Family formation patterns among migrant women in Sydney.  

PubMed

A demographic survey among a probability sample of 980 married migrant women was carried out in Sydney in 1988. The sample included 507 Lebanese, 250 Turkish and 223 Vietnamese women. The study revealed differences in family formation patterns within and between the three groups and between them and the general population. Family size had declined among all three groups compared with their family of origin, and it was clear that the younger women would not achieve the same family sizes as the older women. Migrant women tended to marry earlier than the general population and to start their families earlier. While they showed a strong preference for their children to marry within their own ethnic and religious group, nearly one-third said it was up to the choice of the individual. Overall, the future family size of younger migrant women is expected to converge towards the Australian norm. Migrant families are in a state of transition between two cultures which needs to be recognised by health and family planning service providers. PMID:8690746

Yusuf, F; Siedlecky, S

1996-01-01

172

Trace metals in oysters and sediments of Botany Bay, Sydney.  

PubMed

Trace metal concentrations (Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn) in Sydney rock oysters (Sacostera commercialis) and sediments (< 53 microns fraction) were determined for six sites in the northern regions of Botany Bay. Levels for lead, cadmium, copper and zinc in oysters ranged (in microgram g-1) from 1.38 to 15.3, 1.81 to 16.3, 56.1 to 212 and 1806 to 2902, respectively. In sediments, levels ranged (in microgram g-1) from 599 to 4081, 3.57 to 91.0, 191 to 1113 and 227 to 1472, respectively. Such values indicated high levels of contamination, especially in the sediments. Indeed, high proportions of the samples displayed metal concentrations that exceeded the prescribed limits for oysters and sediments. No significant correlations in metal concentrations were found between oysters and sediments, suggesting that changes in the sediment metal loading are not solely influencing the levels of bioavailable metal. The results supported the conclusion that different rates and mechanisms of metal accumulation are taking place in the two types of samples. Variability between sites was high, particularly for oysters. Multidimensional scaling identified that the Cooks River (site 3) and La Perouse (site 6) sites were most dissimilar, both to each other as well as to the other four sites. This was a reflection of high contamination in the Cooks River and the generally low levels in the La Perouse reference sample. The configuration was mainly influenced by the sediment parameters, rather than the oyster metal concentrations, indicating the sediment data were better for identifying site similarities. These ordinations provide evidence of the usefulness of multidimensional scaling in elucidating the physico-chemical variability of the sampling sites. PMID:9525046

Hayes, W J; Anderson, I J; Gaffoor, M Z; Hurtado, J

1998-03-01

173

The re-emerging burden of rickets: a decade of experience from Sydney  

PubMed Central

Aim To define the demographics and clinical characteristics of cases presenting with nutritional rickets to paediatric centres in Sydney, Australia. Methods Retrospective descriptive study of 126 cases seen from 1993 to 2003 with a diagnosis of vitamin D deficiency and/or confirmed rickets defined by long bone x ray changes. Results A steady increase was seen in the number of cases per year, with a doubling of cases from 2002 to 2003. Median age of presentation was 15.1?months, with 25% presenting at less than 6 months of age. The most common presenting features were hypocalcaemic seizures (33%) and bowed legs (22%). Males presented at a younger age, with a lower weight SDS, and more often with seizures. The caseload was almost exclusively from recently immigrated children or first generation offspring of immigrant parents, with the region of origin predominantly the Indian subcontinent (37%), Africa (33%), and the Middle East (11%). Seventy nine per cent of the cases were born in Australia. Eleven cases (all aged <7?months) presented atypically with hyperphosphataemia. Conclusions This large case series shows that a significant and increasing caseload of vitamin D deficiency remains, even in a developed country with high sunlight hours. Cases mirror recent immigration trends. Since birth or residence in Australia does not appear to be protective, screening of at risk immigrant families should be implemented through public health policies.

Robinson, P D; Hogler, W; Craig, M E; Verge, C F; Walker, J L; Piper, A C; Woodhead, H J; Cowell, C T; Ambler, G R

2006-01-01

174

Local Willingness-to-Pay Estimates for the Remediation of the Sydney Tar Ponds in Nova Scotia  

Microsoft Academic Search

une large part des coûts de restauration du site. The Sydney Tar Ponds and Coke Ovens site in Nova Scotia, Canada, is among the most toxic hazardous waste sites in North America. This study presents hedonic estimates of the willingness-to-pay for remediation of the site using housing sales data from urban Sydney. Negative impacts are estimated with a maximum likelihood

Ida Ferrara; Stephen McComb; Paul Missios

2007-01-01

175

Machine gaming in Sydney clubs: characteristics of the supporting resident populations.  

PubMed

This research provided background for surveys and interviews in later stages of a 3 part project. It aimed to identify, from secondary research, sociodemographic characteristics which tend to support registered clubs and their machine gaming activities in the Sydney Statistical Division. Using multiple methods including Pearson's Product Moment correlation, Principal Components factor analysis, and stepwise regression, the study profiled Sydney populations which spend highly on gaming machines. The most important sociodemographic predictors of Sydney statistical local areas where per capita gaming machine expenditure is high are large proportions of the adult resident population who were born in Malta, Greece, Lebanon, China, Italy, Vietnam, Yugoslavia, India or the Philippines; have no vocational or tertiary qualifications; or are unemployed. PMID:12375385

Breen, Helen; Hing, Nerilee; Weeks, Paul

2002-01-01

176

Progress toward remediation of the Sydney Tar Ponds: A major Canadian PCB\\/PAH “superfund” site  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Muggah Creek estuary in Sydney, Nova Scotia, received liquid and solid wastes from a steel mill and its associated coke ovens for approximately 100 years. This resulted in pollution of soils and sediments with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), heavy metals, and other pollutants, including those in untreated domestic wastewaters. The Canadian federal and Nova Scotia provincial

G. Fred Lee; Anne Jones-Lee

2006-01-01

177

Boundaries of Desire: Becoming Sexual Through the Spaces of Sydney's 2002 Gay Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the consequences of unbounded gay, lesbian, queer, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (GLQBTI) spaces that are positioned as inclusive through welcoming everyone? Two festival spaces of the Sydney 2002 Gay Games, the City Hub and Oxford Street, illustrate inclusivity within nonheterosexualized space. Adopting a poststructuralist feminist approach, I examine experiences of male desires. The spatial metaphor of a “GLQBTI

Gordon R. Waitt

2006-01-01

178

Time-keeping in the antipodes: a critical comparison of the Sydney and Littelton time balls  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Maudslay, Sons & Field built the time ball apparatus for Sydney, New South Wales (NSW) in 1855, and to hoist the ball they used a rack and pinion that was developed from the mechanism found at Edinburgh and Deal. Sydney's time ball became operational in 1858, following completion of Sydney Observatory (which included a time ball tower). Henry Russell, the NSW Government Astronomer, modified this apparatus to a limited extent during the 1870s, but most principal features were retained. The apparatus for Lyttelton, New Zealand, was ordered in 1873 and shipped from London in 1874 by Siemens Brothers. lt, too, had to await completion of the necessary tower, and became operational in 1876. Both Antipodean time balls were still working in 2009. In this paper it is demonstrated that the apparatus at Lyttelton is a replica of the 1855 design used in Sydney, despite the long interval between their dates of supply. The only surviving note in Maudslays' records about an 1873 time ball indicates provision for the Cape of Good Hope and an association with Siemens. A time ball was installed at Alfred Docks in Cape Town during 1873, but available evidence indicates that it was unlikely to have been built by Maudslays. lt is suggested that Maudslays' 1873 apparatus was instead sold to Siemens Brothers who installed it at Lyttelton. No Siemens records showing the supply of time balls to other locations at this time have been found.

Kinns, Roger

2009-07-01

179

Implementing a strategic plan for child health: a Sydney case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The aim of this paper is to describe the implementation of a strategic plan, ‘Health Gain for Children and Youth of Central Sydney”, over a 10 year period to December 2005.\\u000aMethods: Descriptive information was obtained from the records and minutes of all relevant committees, interviews with key workers who were involved with the committees, managers and senior health

Garth Alperstein; Peter Sainsbury; Sharyn O’Grady

2008-01-01

180

Comparison of Some Single Cell Proteins in the Diet of the Sydney Rock Oyster (Saccostrea commercialis)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growth, composition and condition of meats were examined for Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea commercialis) fed diets containing four different types of single cell protein. Significant increases in glycogen content and condition index were obtained with the bacterial protein Pruteen (methylophilus methylotrophus) and the food yeast (Candida utilis). Therefore both these ingredients are suitable for use in oyster fattening diets but

John A. Nell

1985-01-01

181

A Structuration Theory Analysis of the Refugee Action Support Program in Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses Gidden's structuration theory to analyse the Refugee Action Support program in Greater Western Sydney. The study shows that many refugee students in Australian high schools experience difficulty with academic transition in mainstream classrooms due to their previous experiences in war-torn countries. As a result of the trauma…

Naidoo, Loshini

2009-01-01

182

Sydney Brenner, still imageSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sydney Brenner, Cold Spring Harbor, 1980 meeting. A South African native acknowledged to be one of the brightest thinkers in the field. With his rapier wit, British schoolboy charm and mile-a-minute ideas, Brenner is often the center of attention at scientific gatherings.

2008-10-06

183

Musculoskeletal injuries in the ultramarathon: the 1990 Westfield Sydney to Melbourne run  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To document the injuries sustained by participants in a 1005 km ultramarathon. METHODS: Clinical notes were reviewed on entrants in the 1005 km Sydney to Melbourne ultramarathon. An injury was recorded following self referral by a participant or if the history obtained from the runner or his support crew indicated the likelihood of a significant injury which could have

K E Fallon

1996-01-01

184

Inside the Promotional VortexCanadian Media Construction of Sydney Olympic Triathlete Simon Whitfield  

Microsoft Academic Search

When Canadian Simon Whitfield won the gold medal in the first ever Olympic Men’s Triathlon at the 2000 Sydney Games, the Canadian media labeled him an ‘Olympic champion’ and ‘golden boy’ and constructed his victory as ‘heroic’ and emblematic of Canadian character. Positive media attention led to several sponsorship contracts which in turn led to more media coverage about his

Simon C. Darnell; Robert Sparks

2005-01-01

185

Confirming a statistically derived coal-sulfur model: Sydney Coal Field, Novia Scotia (Upper Carboniferous, Canada)  

SciTech Connect

Oblique factor-analytical methods were used to hypothesize coal-sulfur formation for the Sydney coal field. The input data consisted of 31 geochemical elements determined from 137 whole-coal channel samples representing major coal seams. As a result, five hypothetical factors were isolated.

Zodrow, E.L. (University College of Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia (Canada))

1993-08-01

186

‘Intersections’ of Masculinity and Ethnicity: a study of male Lebanese immigrant youth in western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on an ethnographic study of teenage male secondary school students of Arabic?speaking background in a working?class suburb of Sydney. Interviews with friendship groups of migrant young men explored their identity formation in terms of ethnicity and masculinity. Their ‘intersections’ of masculinity and ethnicity, along with class relations, exhibit ‘contradictory consciousness’ characteristic of the ‘common sense’ of the

Scott Poynting; Greg Noble; Paul Tabar

1999-01-01

187

Social Disadvantage, Tenure and Location: An Analysis of Sydney and Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the role that housing markets play in structuring patterns of social disadvantage in Australian cities, specifically Sydney and Melbourne. It explores the relationship between housing tenure and social disadvantage at the local scale (Census collector districts) for the two cities, following a discussion of the various stands of literature on housing tenure and socio-spatial polarisation in

BILL RANDOLPH; DARREN HOLLOWAY

2005-01-01

188

CURRICULUM MATTERS: A SETI course at University of Western Sydney Macarthur  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A popular new course in Sydney is based on the scientific approach to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Beginning with the famous Drake equation the course explores the biological and technological aspects of the search and the social implications of possible contact.

Bhathal, Ragbir

1999-03-01

189

CURRICULUM MATTERS: A SETI course at University of Western Sydney Macarthur  

Microsoft Academic Search

A popular new course in Sydney is based on the scientific approach to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Beginning with the famous Drake equation the course explores the biological and technological aspects of the search and the social implications of possible contact.

Ragbir Bhathal

1999-01-01

190

Deep 3D structure of the Sydney Basin using gravity modelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

A detailed deep 3D geological model is an important basis for many types of exploration and resource modelling. Renewed interest in the structure of the Sydney Basin, driven primarily by sequestration studies, geothermal studies and coal seam gas exploration, has highlighted the need for a model of deep basin geology, structure and thermal state. Here, we combine gravity modelling, seismic

C. Danis; C. O'Neill; M. Lackie; L. Twigg; A. Danis

2011-01-01

191

Showcasing security: the politics of policing space at the 2007 Sydney APEC meeting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the example of the 2007 Sydney APEC meeting, this article develops a critique of the protest policing literature. While it is accepted that international summits such as APEC are exceptional events, which are policed differently, the view that there has been a general democratisation of protest policing across liberal democracies is contested. Since the Battle of Seattle in 1999

Greg Martin

2011-01-01

192

The popular image of Japanese femininity inside the anime and manga culture of Japan and Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manga (Japanese comic books), Anime (Japanese animation) and Superflat (the contemporary art by movement created Takashi Murakami) all share a common ancestry in the woodblock prints of the Edo period, which were once mass-produced as a form of entertainment. This thesis, The Popular Image of Japanese Femininity Inside the Anime and Manga Culture of Japan and Sydney, will examine female

Jennifer M Stockins

2009-01-01

193

Running RaceReconciliation, Nationalism and the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how the idea of reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians became entwined with the Sydney 2000 Olympics. It does this by undertaking a critical reading of media stories on the twin issues of Cathy Freeman’s 400 m race, and the fear of Indigenous protest disrupting the games. We argue the Olympic Games helped to reinforce a discourse

Catriona Elder; Angela Pratt; Cath Ellis

2006-01-01

194

Watching the Games: public health surveillance for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To describe the development of the public health surveillance system for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games; document its major findings; and discuss the implications for public health surveillance for future events.Design: Planning for the system took almost three years. Its major components included increased surveillance of communicable diseases; presentations to sentinel emergency departments; medical encounters at Olympic venues;

L R Jorm; S V Thackway; T R Churches; M W Hills

2003-01-01

195

Parental Choice of Infant Feeding Behaviours in South West Sydney: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The purpose of this study was to test a research instrument that could possibly be used for longitudinal research on infant feeding and to report on the preliminary results from the data collected. Design: Mixed methods approach--cross-sectional survey and qualitative research. Setting: Mother-infant dyads in South West Sydney,…

Arora, A.; Gay, M.; Thirukumar, D.

2012-01-01

196

Swimming performance changes during the final 3 weeks of training leading to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of the swimming performance change during the final 3 weeks of training (F3T) leading to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Olympic swimmers who took part in the same event or events at the Telstra 2000 Grand Prix Series in Melbourne, Australia, (26 - 27 August 2000), and 21 - 28 d later at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games (16 - 23 September 2000) were included in this analysis. A total of 99 performances (50 male, 49 female) were analysed. The overall performance improvement between pre- and post-F3T conditions for all swimmers was 2.18 +/- 1.50 % (p < 0.0001), (range - 1.14 % to 6.02 %). A total of 91 of the 99 analysed performances were faster after the F3T and only 8 were slower. The percentage improvement with F3T was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in males (2.57 +/- 1.45 %) than in females (1.78 +/- 1.45 %). In conclusion, the pre-Olympic F3T elicited a significant performance improvement of 2.57 % for male and 1.78 % for female swimmers at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. The magnitude was similar for all competition events, and was achieved by swimmers from different countries and performance levels. These data provide a quantitative framework for coaches and swimmers to set realistic performance goals based on individual performance levels before the final training phase leading to important competitions. PMID:12439774

Mujika, I; Padilla, S; Pyne, D

2002-11-01

197

Sudden temperature changes in the Sydney Basin: climatology and case studies during the Olympic months of September and October  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The accurate prediction of sudden large changes in the maximum temperature from one day to the next remains one of the major challenges for operational forecasters. It is probably the meteorological parameter most commonly verified and used as a measure of the skill of a meteorological service and one that is immediately evident to the general public. Marked temperature changes over a short period of time have widespread social, economic, health and safety effects on the community. The first part of this paper describes a 40-year climatology for Sydney, Australia, of sudden temperature rises and falls, defined as maximum temperature changes of 5°C or more from one day to the next, for the months of September and October. The nature of the forecasting challenge during the period of the Olympic and Paralympic Games to be held in Sydney in the year 2000 will be described as a special application. The international importance of the accurate prediction of all types of significant weather phenomena during this period has been recognized by the World Meteorological Organisation's Commission for Atmospheric Science. The first World Weather Research Program forecast demonstration project is to be established in the Sydney Office of the Bureau of Meteorology over this period in order to test the ability of existing systems to predict such phenomena. The second part of this study investigates two case studies from the Olympic months in which there were both abrupt temperature rises and falls over a 4-day interval. Currently available high resolution numerical weather prediction systems are found to have significant skill several days ahead in predicting a large amount of the detail of these events, provided they are run at an appropriate resolution. The limitations of these systems are also discussed, with areas requiring further development being identified if the desired levels of accuracy of predictions are to be reliably delivered. Differences between the predictability of sudden temperature rises and sudden temperature falls are also explored.

Buckley, Bruce W.; Leslie, Lance M.

2000-03-01

198

Anticoagulant usage for primary stroke prevention: a general practitioner survey in local areas of metropolitan Sydney.  

PubMed

We assessed the hypothesis that having a non-English-speaking background (NESB), being very elderly, living alone, and having cognitive impairment were contributing factors to anticoagulant under-utilisation for atrial fibrillation in our local community. A questionnaire was mailed to 532 general practitioners (GPs) in three areas of metropolitan Sydney, Australia. The questionnaire included five case scenarios, regarding either an English-speaking background (ESB) patient, or an NESB patient, each characterised by potential barrier(s) for anticoagulant usage: being (1) elderly; (2) elderly with mild dementia; (3) elderly with mild dementia and living alone; (4) elderly with severe dementia; and (5) very elderly. The overall response rate was 34%. The percentage of GPs recommending anticoagulation was 57%, 50%, 6%, 25% and 23%, respectively, for the ESB scenario, and 48%, 32%, 4%, 14% and 18%, respectively, for the NESB scenario. Eighty-eight percent of GPs rated 'adherence to International Normalized Ration monitoring' as 'very important' in their decision. In conclusion, the factors proposed in our hypothesis were associated with a lower likelihood for anticoagulant prescription for atrial fibrillation. PMID:18083571

Shen, Qing; Cordato, Dennis; Ng, Jude; Hung, Wai Tak; Kokkinos, James; Karr, Margaret; Yin Chan, Daniel Kam

2008-02-01

199

The Western Sydney Health Study: results of the shopping-centre survey.  

PubMed

The Western Sydney Health Study is a two-phase descriptive study that is designed to provide data on the health-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of persons in the Western Metropolitan health region, which has higher-than-average death rates of many disorders that are associated with life-style. In the first phase of the study, 2164 respondents were interviewed in six shopping centres in the region. The prevalence rates of self-reported cardiovascular disease and diabetes were about twice those that were found in the Australia-wide National Heart Foundation Risk Factor Prevalence Study in 1983. The prevalence rates of smoking and self-reported raised blood lipid levels were also high. Doctors and nurses were the main sources of health information, and the media was less important as a source of health information than was found in the Better Health Commission's national survey in 1985. Over 80% of respondents believed that a lowering of the dietary fat intake and an increase in exercise were health-enhancing behaviours. Given this high level of health knowledge, the major aims for health promotion in the region should be a social change to facilitate choices towards healthy behaviour and the provision of skills to enable individual behavioural changes. PMID:3347180

Cumming, R G; Barton, G E; Fahey, P P; Wilson, A; Leeder, S R

1988-03-21

200

A community outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in sydney associated with a public swimming facility: a case-control study.  

PubMed

In February, 2008, the South Eastern Sydney Illawarra Public Health Unit investigated an outbreak of cryptosporidiosis within the south east region of Sydney, Australia. Thirty-one cases with laboratory-confirmed cryptosporidiosis and 97 age- and geographically matched controls selected by random digit dialling were recruited into a case-control study and interviewed for infection risk factors. Cryptosporidiosis was associated with swimming at Facility A (matched odds ratio = 19.4, 95% confidence interval: 3.7-100.8) and exposure to household contacts with diarrhoea (matched odds ratio = 7.7, 95% confidence interval: 1.9-31.4) in multivariable conditional logistic regression models. A protective effect for any animal contact was also found (matched odds ratio = 0.2, 95% confidence interval: 0.1-0.7). Cryptosporidium hominis subtype IbA10G2 was identified in 8 of 11 diagnostic stool samples available for cases. This investigation reaffirms the importance of public swimming pools as potential sources of Cryptosporidium infection and ensuring their compliance with water-quality guidelines. The protective effect of animal contact may be suggestive of past exposure leading to immunity. PMID:22194741

Mayne, Darren J; Ressler, Kelly-Anne; Smith, Diane; Hockey, Gareth; Botham, Susan J; Ferson, Mark J

2011-12-13

201

A Community Outbreak of Cryptosporidiosis in Sydney Associated with a Public Swimming Facility: A Case-Control Study  

PubMed Central

In February, 2008, the South Eastern Sydney Illawarra Public Health Unit investigated an outbreak of cryptosporidiosis within the south east region of Sydney, Australia. Thirty-one cases with laboratory-confirmed cryptosporidiosis and 97 age- and geographically matched controls selected by random digit dialling were recruited into a case-control study and interviewed for infection risk factors. Cryptosporidiosis was associated with swimming at Facility A (matched odds ratio = 19.4, 95% confidence interval: 3.7–100.8) and exposure to household contacts with diarrhoea (matched odds ratio = 7.7, 95% confidence interval: 1.9–31.4) in multivariable conditional logistic regression models. A protective effect for any animal contact was also found (matched odds ratio = 0.2, 95% confidence interval: 0.1–0.7). Cryptosporidium hominis subtype IbA10G2 was identified in 8 of 11 diagnostic stool samples available for cases. This investigation reaffirms the importance of public swimming pools as potential sources of Cryptosporidium infection and ensuring their compliance with water-quality guidelines. The protective effect of animal contact may be suggestive of past exposure leading to immunity.

Mayne, Darren J.; Ressler, Kelly-Anne; Smith, Diane; Hockey, Gareth; Botham, Susan J.; Ferson, Mark J.

2011-01-01

202

Non-methane exhaust composition in the sydney harbour tunnel: A focus on benzene and 1,3-butadiene  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concentrations of individual hydrocarbon species in the Sydney Harbour Tunnel were measured and used to estimate the average composition of emissions from moving motor vehicles in the Sydney urban area. The mean composition of non-methane hydrocarbons in the tunnel air on a weight basis was relatively constant. The mean concentrations for benzene and 1,3-butadiene were 45 and 13 ppbv,

Bronwyn L. Duffy; Peter F. Nelson

1996-01-01

203

"I'm Not a Dole-Bludger!" Attitudes of Yr 9 Sydney High School Students towards Work, Unemployment and the Dole. A Report of the Mount Druitt Longitudinal Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the view that the decline in the work ethic would be stronger in the Mount Druitt area west of Sydney, Australia, where unemployment is prominent in the community and the "dole-bludger" stereotype is correspondingly rife. (A "dole-bludger" cheats the system and is considered a parasite on the community.) The study described…

Barltrop, Jenny

204

Bacterial contamination of the anterior chamber during phacoemulsification cataract surgery 1 1 J. Watson, Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Sydney, assisted with the PFGE. Drs. C. Retsas, H. Stern, M. Kearns, B. Harrisberg, and D. Lowe were among the operating surgeons. M. Stockler, Department of Medicine and Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Sydney, assisted with the statistical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To determine the incidence of bacterial contamination of the anterior chamber after phacoemulsification cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation.Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.Methods: Ninety-eight consecutive eyes of 96 patients having phacoemulsification cataract surgery with IOL implantation were included in this prospective study. Two intraoperative anterior chamber aspirates were obtained from each patient, 1

James K Leong; Rajiv Shah; Peter J McCluskey; Richard A Benn; R. Frank Taylor

2002-01-01

205

Risk communication and public response to industrial chemical contamination in Sydney, Nova Scotia: a case study.  

PubMed

The town of Sydney, located on the north coast of Nova Scotia, is Canada's most contaminated community. The local tidal estuary, called the tar ponds, was used as a receptacle for industrial waste from a century of coke production and steel making and is estimated to contain more than 700,000 metric tons of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, 50,000 metric tons of polychlorinated biphenyls, and many other residuals including arsenic, naphthalene, and toluene. Many residents have expressed consternation over the potential for exposure and subsequent health effects from the ponds. Recent epidemiological studies estimate a 30 to 40 percent increased incidence in several types of cancer within the community. This paper examines the claims and responses made by a variety of interested parties about the chemical contamination in Sydney. It also considers how those claims, in addition to a number of other mediating factors, may have influenced the local community in the mobilization of a response to the contamination. PMID:12491851

Rainham, Daniel

2002-12-01

206

Summer Internship In Sydney: An Internship Abroad Program For Western Michigan University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Western Michigan University’s (WMU) Summer Internship in Sydney (SIS) program is an international internship program designed specifically for business majors in the Haworth College of Business (HCOB). The program is designed to provide business majors an opportunity to simultaneously gain practical experience in their business discipline, as well as international experience to serve both their professional and personal development.\\u000aThe

Joe Milostan

2009-01-01

207

An examination of signs of disease progression in survivors of the Sydney Blood Bank Cohort (SBBC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The Sydney Blood Bank Cohort (SBBC) was infected between 1981 and 1984 with a nef\\/LTR defective strain of HIV-1. Different responses to HIV-1 infection have emerged between cohort members in the last 5 years. Three recipients (C135, C64 and C49) remain asymptomatic, have normal CD4 T cell counts, below detection (BD) viral loads (VL), remain therapy naive and are

M.-R Birch; J. C Learmont; W. B Dyer; N. J Deacon; J. J Zaunders; N Saksena; A. L Cunningham; J Mills; J. S Sullivan

2001-01-01

208

Characterization of the bacterial community structure of Sydney Tar Ponds sediment.  

PubMed

The Sydney Tar Ponds is one of the largest toxic waste sites in Canada. The bacterial diversity and abundance in the Sydney Tar Ponds sediment was examined using a 16S rRNA gene clone library and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) with four different primer sets. The clone library was grouped into 19 phylotypes that could be divided into five phyla: Proteobacteria (56.9%), Actinobacteria (35%), Acidobacteria (4.9%), Firmicutes (2.4%), and Verrucomicrobia (0.8%). Members of the phyla Actinobacteria (represented mainly by Mycobacterium spp.) and Alphaproteobacteria (represented by Acidocella spp.) comprised the majority of the clone library. This study also revealed that the phylogenetic results obtained from clone library analysis and from DGGE analysis, with all the primer sets, showed some variability. However, similar Mycobacterium spp. and Acidocella spp. were found in all the different DGGE analyses, again suggesting that these two genera are dominant in the Sydney Tar Ponds sediment. In addition, DGGE analysis indicated that primer sets targeting the V3 region produced results that were the most similar to those obtained with the clone library. PMID:21635217

Yeung, C William; Woo, Monica; Lee, Kenneth; Greer, Charles W

2011-06-01

209

Effects and clinical significance of GII.4 Sydney norovirus, United States, 2012-2013.  

PubMed

During 2012, global detection of a new norovirus (NoV) strain, GII.4 Sydney, raised concerns about its potential effect in the United States. We analyzed data from NoV outbreaks in 5 states and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in 1 state during the 2012-13 season and compared the data with those of previous seasons. During August 2012-April 2013, a total of 637 NoV outbreaks were reported compared with 536 and 432 in 2011-2012 and 2010-2011 during the same period. The proportion of outbreaks attributed to GII.4 Sydney increased from 8% in September 2012 to 82% in March 2013. The increase in emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness during the 2012-13 season was similar to that of previous seasons. GII.4 Sydney has become the predominant US NoV outbreak strain during the 2012-13 season, but its emergence did not cause outbreak activity to substantially increase from that of previous seasons. PMID:23886013

Leshem, Eyal; Wikswo, Mary; Barclay, Leslie; Brandt, Eric; Storm, William; Salehi, Ellen; DeSalvo, Traci; Davis, Tim; Saupe, Amy; Dobbins, Ginette; Booth, Hillary A; Biggs, Christianne; Garman, Katie; Woron, Amy M; Parashar, Umesh D; Vinjé, Jan; Hall, Aron J

2013-08-01

210

Effects and Clinical Significance of GII.4 Sydney Norovirus, United States, 2012-2013  

PubMed Central

During 2012, global detection of a new norovirus (NoV) strain, GII.4 Sydney, raised concerns about its potential effect in the United States. We analyzed data from NoV outbreaks in 5 states and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in 1 state during the 2012–13 season and compared the data with those of previous seasons. During August 2012–April 2013, a total of 637 NoV outbreaks were reported compared with 536 and 432 in 2011–2012 and 2010–2011 during the same period. The proportion of outbreaks attributed to GII.4 Sydney increased from 8% in September 2012 to 82% in March 2013. The increase in emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness during the 2012–13 season was similar to that of previous seasons. GII.4 Sydney has become the predominant US NoV outbreak strain during the 2012–13 season, but its emergence did not cause outbreak activity to substantially increase from that of previous seasons.

Wikswo, Mary; Barclay, Leslie; Brandt, Eric; Storm, William; Salehi, Ellen; DeSalvo, Traci; Davis, Tim; Saupe, Amy; Dobbins, Ginette; Booth, Hillary A.; Biggs, Christianne; Garman, Katie; Woron, Amy M.; Parashar, Umesh D.; Vinje, Jan; Hall, Aron J.

2013-01-01

211

A textile fibre survey as an aid to the interpretation of fibre evidence in the Sydney region.  

PubMed

Frequency figures of the fibre population on textile cinema seats were measured in Sydney, Australia, in winter. Sixteen seats were analysed from a very popular cinema complex, with 3025 fibres classified according to colour, generic class and fluorescence properties (100 grey-black cotton fibres only). The recovered fibres were mostly natural fibres (84%) with cotton the most common generic type (70%). On the contrary, man made fibres were relatively rare (15%) with rayon constituting the majority of these (51%). The most common colour/generic class combinations were grey-black cotton (33%) and blue cotton (30%) accounting for 63% of the total population. All other frequencies were below 5%, most below 1% using only the two properties of colour and generic class. Fluorescence properties were found to be very discriminating as far as grey-black cotton fibres were concerned. These features are considered and discussed and in particular, to emphasise the significance of fibres as evidence of contact. PMID:11731196

Cantrell, S; Roux, C; Maynard, P; Robertson, J

2001-11-15

212

Identification of zoonotic Cryptosporidium and Giardia genotypes infecting animals in Sydney's water catchments.  

PubMed

To identify the animal sources for Cryptosporidium and Giardia contamination, we genotyped Cryptosporidium and Giardia spp. in wildlife from Sydney's water catchments using sequence analysis at the 18S rRNA locus for Cryptosporidium and 18S rRNA and glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) for Giardia. A total of 564 faecal samples from 16 different host species were analysed. Cryptosporidium was identified in 8.5% (48/564) samples from eight host species and Giardia was identified in 13.8% (78/564) from seven host species. Eight species/genotypes of Cryptosporidium were identified. Five G. duodenalis assemblages were detected including the zoonotic assemblages A and B. PMID:21334325

Ng, Josephine; Yang, Rongchang; Whiffin, Vicky; Cox, Peter; Ryan, Una

2011-02-18

213

Predictors of Mastectomy for Women with Breast Cancer in the Greater Western Region of Sydney.  

PubMed

This population-based study examined predictors of mastectomy for women with breast cancer in the greater western region of Sydney (GWRS) in New South Wales (NSW), Australia in 1992. Patients with a first diagnosis of breast cancer in 1992, the year prior to population-based mammographic screening in the region, were identified through the NSW state cancer registry. Data on stage, treatment, and demographic and health service characteristics were obtained from hospital records for patients treated within the region. The 282 patients who received surgical treatment for operable disease were considered in this analysis. Logistic regression was used to determine the odds ratio (OR) for mastectomy in relation to predictor variables with adjustment for confounding where appropriate. Age was included in all regressions even though it was not statistically significant. The tumor characteristics that were significant predictors (age adjusted) of mastectomy were stage [I (referent); IIA: OR = 1.5 (ns); IIB / IIIA-B: OR = 6.3, p < 0.05] and tumor size [T0-1 (referent); T2: OR = 1.8, p < 0.05; T3: OR = 12.9, p < 0.05]. There was a significant linear trend (p < 0.05) for lower ORs for mastectomy in women treated by surgeons with a higher breast cancer caseload (adjusted for age and stage). Women from municipalities with high socioeconomic status had lower mastectomy rates than others (OR = 0.5, p < 0.05), adjusted for age, stage, and surgeon activity level. Distance of residence from the main referral hospital and radiotherapy unit did not affect mastectomy rates. This study documents factors, in addition to stage at diagnosis, that play an important part in decisions about surgery for women with operable breast cancer. The experience of the surgeon, measured by the number of breast cancer patients, had an effect, as did the socioeconomic status of the woman. The latter may act through educational characteristics and participation of women in decisions concerning surgery. PMID:11348270

Taylor, Richard; Stubbs, Joanne M.; Langlands, Allan O.; Boyages, John

1999-03-01

214

Comparison of Bayesian and frequentist approaches in modelling risk of preterm birth near the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This study compares the Bayesian and frequentist (non-Bayesian) approaches in the modelling of the association between the risk of preterm birth and maternal proximity to hazardous waste and pollution from the Sydney Tar Pond site in Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: The data includes 1604 observed cases of preterm birth out of a total population of 17559 at risk of

Afisi S Ismaila; Angelo Canty; Lehana Thabane

2007-01-01

215

Development of local knowledge of environmental contamination in Sydney, Nova Scotia: Environmental health practice from an environmental justice perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Sydney, Nova Scotia, from 1901 through 1988 a coke and steel factory operated with no pollution controls, depositing over a million tons of particulate matter and releasing several thousands of tons of coal tar into the estuary. Previously we documented the presence of lead, arsenic and PAHs, in soil above Canadian guidelines, and in house dust in the communities

Timothy W. Lambert; Lindsay Guyn

2006-01-01

216

Evaluation of growing methods for use in a Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea commercialis (Iredale and Roughley) selective breeding program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four growing methods for Sydney rock oysters, Saccostrea commercialis, were evaluated for use in a breeding program to select for greater weight increase and improved disease resistance. These methods were: (1) oysters attached and grown on PVC slats (“slats”), (2) oysters attached and grown on tray mesh (“mesh”), (3) culchless (single and loose) oysters grown individually in chambers (“rings”), and

I. R. Smith; A. K. Sheridan; J. A. Nell

1995-01-01

217

Developing Social Inclusion through After-School Homework Tutoring: A Study of African Refugee Students in Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools represent the primary setting where refugee children learn about Australian life and culture. They serve as a broad context for acculturation not only for academic development and language acquisition but for cultural learning too. This paper focuses on the after-school homework tutoring programme that uses University of Western Sydney

Naidoo, Loshini

2009-01-01

218

The impact of a pathway college on reputation and brand awareness for its affiliated university in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect that a prospective pathway college affiliated to a large comprehensive university in Sydney may have on the university's reputation. In particular, the association of reputation with preference for a pathway college, brand awareness and the opinion of college brand are examined. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An online survey was conducted

Ann Brewer; Jingsong Zhao

2010-01-01

219

Developing Social Inclusion through After-School Homework Tutoring: A Study of African Refugee Students in Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools represent the primary setting where refugee children learn about Australian life and culture. They serve as a broad context for acculturation not only for academic development and language acquisition but for cultural learning too. This paper focuses on the after-school homework tutoring programme that uses University of Western Sydney

Naidoo, Loshini

2009-01-01

220

Redeveloping soil mapping key descriptors from generic soil series profiles for University of Western Sydney Hawkesbury campus soils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current soil research at the University of Western Sydney (UWS) Hawkesbury campus, site of the former Hawkesbury Agricultural College (HAC) is supported by a detailed soil survey undertaken in 1954 (Walker, unpublished) however details of mapped profile descriptions have been lost. Of eleven soil types mapped, seven as soil series have published profiles. In order to utilize both sources of

Jane T. Aiken

221

Implementing a program in sustainability for engineers at University of Technology, Sydney : A story of intersecting agendas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrating sustainability into an undergraduate engineering program at the University of Technology, Sydney has been a challenging project. The authors of this paper have been participant observers of the integration process. In this paper, they have attempted an analysis of that process, focussing on the dynamics of the network of people and interests, which have shaped the process. Actor network

Paul Bryce; Stephen Johnston; Keiko Yasukawa

2004-01-01

222

Shakespeare in Settler-built Spaces: Oscar Asche's ‘Recitals’ of Julius Caesar in the Melbourne and Sydney Town Halls  

Microsoft Academic Search

During their first Australasian tour in 1909–1910, Oscar Asche and Lily Brayton produced costumed ‘recitals’ of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar in the town halls of Sydney and Melbourne. While the landscape has been privileged as the major site of the Australian settler imaginary and its labours of familiarisation, settler investments in their built urban spaces have been less studied. The social

Veronica Kelly

2009-01-01

223

Teaching animal welfare at the University of Sydney's Faculty of Veterinary Science.  

PubMed

Animal welfare is part of the Mission Statement of the Faculty of Veterinary Science at the University of Sydney and is taught throughout the undergraduate curriculum. Two units of study have a particular focus on animal welfare: Professional Practice in years 1, 2, and 3 and Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare Science in year 3. There is an emphasis on the refinement and development of alternatives to the use of animals in teaching. With a conscientious objection policy in place, these elements of our approach demonstrate the increasing importance of ethical teaching in the faculty. Undergraduate students have recently founded a vibrant special interest group called Veterinary Students for Animal Welfare. The faculty is advised on matters relating to animal welfare by its Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, chaired by the Sub-Dean for Animal Welfare. With the development of a Faculty Animal Welfare Policy, the faculty is progressing to a more proactive and public profile on animal welfare issues. PMID:16421825

McGreevy, Paul D; Dixon, Robert J

2005-01-01

224

[Adaptation of the Sydney Attribution Scale in a Spanish college population].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to analyse the psychometric properties of the Sydney Attribution Scale in a sample of 1,508 college students. Factor analysis identified six factors: Success/Ability, Success/Effort, Success/External Causes, Failure/Ability, Failure/Effort, and Failure/External Causes. Success and failure factors accounted for an adequate percentage of the variance. Internal consistency was acceptable, similar in the success scales and in the failure scales, and higher in the internal scales than in the external scales. The results also showed a clear predictable pattern of relationships between dimensions of self-attribution, and between these dimensions and several measures of general self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, satisfaction with the studies, satisfaction with performance, and satisfaction with knowledge, which supports the construct validity of the SAS. PMID:18206080

Inglés, Cándido J; Rodríguez-Marín, Jesús; González-Pienda, Julio A

2008-02-01

225

Eight-channel video broadcast feed service using free-space optical wireless technology at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

12 Terrestrial 1550 nm WDM free-space optical communication systems have been demonstrated to provide a viable means to transport data, voice and video channels for point-to-point applications without the use of optical fiber. Key features of free-space optical transmission systems are their ability to utilize present day telecommunication components such as: laser diode transmitters, high-power optical amplifiers operating within the 1550 nm optical transmission window and high-sensitivity optical receivers designed for multi-Giga- bit data rates. In this paper, we report on details of the world's first field test, demonstrating real time video transmission of eight uncompressed standard-definition (SD) video channels operating at an aggregate data rate of 1.485 Gb/s over a 0.89 km terrestrial free-space link. This data link was used in support of the 2000 Olympic games held recently in Sydney, Australia. Results from this eight- channel SD terrestrial free-space laser communications systems are presented. The transmission system operated error-free continuously from September 14, 2000 until October 1, 2000, twenty-four hours a day, throughout the coverage of the games. Modeling results predict that free- space SD video transmission systems can be designed and operated over significant link distances under nominal visibility conditions.

Szajowski, Paul F.; Rigas, A. J.; Robinson, J. W.; Nykolak, Gerald; Paulson, Bruce D.; Tourgee, G. E.; Auborn, James J.

2001-02-01

226

Health assessment for Sydney Mine, Hillsborough County, Brandon, Florida, Region 4. CERCLIS No. FLD000648055. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

The Sydney Mine National Priorities List Site is a former disposal site located in Brandon, Florida. The area was strip-mined for phosphate rock from the 1930s through the 1950s. In late 1973, Hillsborough County leased a portion of the Sydney Mine site from American Cynamid and constructed a sludge disposal pond. The pond received wastes from grease traps, septage waste, and waste oil. Contaminants of concern at the site consist of the following: cadmium, benzene, 1,1-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethene, t-1,2-dichloroethene, toluene, trichloroethene, and xylene. Based on the available information, the site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances at concentrations that may result in adverse health effects.

Not Available

1989-04-19

227

SITE RESPONSE IN THE BOTANY AREA, SYDNEY, USING MICROTREMOR ARRAY METHODS AND EQUIVALENT LINEAR SITE RESPONSE MODELLING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shear-wave velocity profiles (SWVPs) for soil and sand cover have been acquired for five sites in the Botany Bay area, Sydney, using microtremor array observations together with spatial autocorrelation (SPAC) processing methods. Single-site horizontal\\/vertical particle motion spectral ratios (HVSR) at the sites show a range of natural-resonance peak frequencies from 7 to 1.3 Hz and SWVPs developed by inversion of

Michael W. Asten; Trevor Dhu

2004-01-01

228

The trip chaining activity of Sydney residents: A cross-section assessment by age group with a focus on seniors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we use a pooled (2002–2004) cross-section of the Sydney travel survey, an annual continuous survey since 1997, to investigate the current profile of trip chaining travel activity of individual’s in five-year groups, with a particular focus on those over 64 years old (i.e., seniors), given the aging of the population. Multiple correspondence analysis is used to establish

Thomas F. Golob; David A. Hensher

2007-01-01

229

A Convergence of Book History and Literary Criticism: CaseStudy: Henry Lawson in 1890s Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay is a literary case-study of the short-story writer Henry Lawson in 1890s Sydney. A book-historical habit of attention to the material circumstances of the original productions is brought to bear. Once the historical and biographical background is established, the essay is shaped around two exemplary acts of Lawson reception, which are simultaneously examples of traditional literary-critical discourse getting

Paul Eggert

2011-01-01

230

A Convergence of Book History and Literary Criticism: CaseStudy: Henry Lawson in 1890s Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This essay is a literary case-study of the short-story writer Henry Lawson in 1890s Sydney. A book-historical habit of attention to the material circumstances of the original productions is brought to bear. Once the historical and biographical background is established, the essay is shaped around two exemplary acts of Lawson reception, which are simultaneously examples of traditional literary-critical discourse getting

Paul Eggert

2011-01-01

231

Characteristics of long-term cannabis users in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Two hundred long-term cannabis users (58% male) were interviewed on their characteristics and experience of use. Respondents had been regularly using cannabis for an average of 11 years and more than half used daily (56%). The most common route of administration was in a waterpipe, and nearly all (93%) smoked the flowering heads ot the plant. One in 5 (21%) had a cannabis-related conviction. The benefits of use were perceived to be its relaxing, mood-enhancing effects, and its ability to alter consciousness. The most commonly cited negative aspects of use were cost, negative psychological effects and legal status. Polydrug use was common, with alcohol and tobacco almost universally used on a regular basis. More than half the drinkers in the sample were consuming alcohol at hazardous or harmful levels. PMID:9852371

Swift, W; Hall, W; Copeland, J

1998-12-01

232

Histopathologic and histochemical biomarker responses of Baltic clam, Macoma balthica, to contaminated Sydney Harbour sediment, Nova Scotia, Canada.  

PubMed Central

Sediments in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia, are highly contaminated by polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and heavy metals. Histopathologic and histochemical evaluations were made on the Baltic clam, Macoma balthica, exposed to 11 Sydney Harbour sediment samples. Histologic lesions in digestive gland (tubular dilation or atrophy, macrophage aggregates, tubular cell necrosis, and tissue inflammation) and gonads (macrophage aggregates, supporting cell, germ cell, and ovarian cell necroses) were frequently detected in clams exposed to the most contaminated sediments from the harbor. Clams exposed to these contaminated sediments also had the highest acid phosphatase activity. The average scores of tubular dilation or atrophy, ovarian cell necrosis, and the sums of mean digestive gland lesions correlated significantly with sediment PCBs, and the activities of acid phosphatase correlated significantly with sediment heavy metals, PAHs, and PCBs. Among the lesions, digestive gland tubular dilation or atrophy, tubular cell, germ cell, and ovarian cell necroses, and the activity of acid phosphatase are the best sublethal effect indicators in Macoma exposed to Sydney Harbour sediments. Key words: biomarkers, chronic biologic effects, clams, histology, histochemistry, Macoma balthica, marine sediment, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls.

Tay, Kok-Leng; Teh, Swee Joo; Doe, Ken; Lee, Ken; Jackman, Paula

2003-01-01

233

Typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Western Sydney Local Health District, NSW, January-June 2011.  

PubMed

We undertook a study of enteric fever, caused by Salmonella enterica enterica subtypes Typhi and Paratyphi A, presenting in residents of the Western Sydney Local Health District for the period January-June 2011. Twelve cases of S. Typhi and eight of S. Paratyphi A were notified. Patients were predominantly young adults (median age 26 years, 70% female) who had been visiting friends and relatives in India, Samoa, Bangladesh or Sri Lanka. No cases were associated with travel for less than 3 weeks; 17 (85%) required hospitalisation. None received pre-travel vaccination; reasons cited for this included pregnancy, expense, being too busy, or considering the disease too mild to warrant vaccination. Three S. Typhi isolates acquired at large social gatherings in Samoa had the same phage [corrected] type and susceptibility profiles; these results were communicated to Samoan public health personnel. There are opportunities to strengthen enteric fever prevention, including pre-travel health advice and S. Typhi vaccination for people visiting endemic areas for 3 or more weeks, especially those in the vulnerable 'visiting friends and relative' category. PMID:23043747

Blackstock, Sarah J; Sheppeard, Vicky K; Paterson, Jen M; Ralph, Anna P

2012-09-01

234

Non-occupational HIV post-exposure prophylaxis at a Sydney metropolitan sexual health clinic.  

PubMed

Background Non-occupational HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (NPEP) is prescribed following a risk exposure in an effort to reduce the risk of HIV seroconversion. We aimed to describe the prescribing practices of NPEP at RPA Sexual Health in Sydney, the prevalence and correlates of adverse events (AEs), and factors associated with completing the 28-day course. Methods: The study population included individuals prescribed NPEP during January 2008-December 2011. Correlates of AEs and course completion were assessed by logistic regression. Results: On 319 occasions during the study period, 282 individuals presented for NPEP. Over 90% of presentations followed unprotected anal intercourse between men, mostly receptive (63.6%). Tenofovir-emtricitabine-stavudine (n=149; 46.7%) and tenofovir-emtricitabine (n=136; 42.6%) were most commonly prescribed. AEs were reported at 101 presentations (31.7%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 26.6-37.1%), with nausea and lethargy/malaise being the most common. Younger age (P for trend=0.032), earlier year of NPEP prescription (P for trend=0.011), being prescribed a regimen other than tenofovir-emtricitabine (P=0.026), changing the NPEP regimen (P<0.001) and known completion of the course (P=0.005) were independently associated with AEs. The course was completed in 228 presentations (71.5%, 95% CI: 66.2-76.4%). Completion was associated with reporting AEs (P=0.007) and changing regimen (P=0.001). No documented NPEP failures were identified, although two recipients subsequently seroconverted to HIV due to ongoing high-risk behaviour. Conclusions: NPEP is appropriately targeted to the highest risk HIV exposures at our clinic. Active recall may improve follow-up rates in NPEP recipients. PMID:23962489

Gulholm, Trine; Jamani, Salina; Poynten, I Mary; Templeton, David J

2013-10-01

235

Visual acuity testability and comparability in Australian preschool children: The Sydney Paediatric Eye Disease Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose To establish standardised protocols for vision screening, testability and comparability of three different vision tests were examined in a population-based, cross-sectional sample of preschool children (Sydney Paediatric Eye Disease Study). Methods Measurement of presenting monocular distance visual acuity (VA) using the Amblyopia Treatment Study (ATS) HOTV protocol, was attempted by all (1774) children aged?24 months. In addition, in children aged?60 months (576), VA was also tested using the logMAR retro-illuminated HOTV or Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) linear charts (CSV 1000). Children able to have both eyes tested monocularly were considered. Results Testability significantly increased with age for all VA tests. The ATS HOTV with an overall testability of 80% (females: 82%, males: 78%) was the most testable of the VA tests (P<0.0001). In children aged <3 years testability was low (?47%) rising to?80% in children aged?3. In children?60 months, testability was higher for the HOTV (94%) than the ETDRS (59%) chart. In those that did two VA tests, mean difference of the ATS HOTV compared with the HOTV(CSV) was ?0.1, and compared with ETDRS was ?0.12 (P<0.0001). Conclusions Children aged <3 years had poor VA testability, whereas those 3 years and above were highly testable using the ATS HOTV. The HOTV (CSV) retro-illuminated test was appropriate for children aged >5 years, and may be possible in younger children with early educational exposure. When comparing VA measures using these tests, the higher VA attained using the ATS HOTV, needs to be taken into account.

Leone, J F; Gole, G A; Mitchell, P; Kifley, A; Pai, A S-I; Rose, K A

2012-01-01

236

Development of local knowledge of environmental contamination in Sydney, Nova Scotia: environmental health practice from an environmental justice perspective.  

PubMed

In Sydney, Nova Scotia, from 1901 through 1988 a coke and steel factory operated with no pollution controls, depositing over a million tons of particulate matter and releasing several thousands of tons of coal tar into the estuary. Previously we documented the presence of lead, arsenic and PAHs, in soil above Canadian guidelines, and in house dust in the communities surrounding the site [Lambert, TW, Lane, S. Lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil and house dust in the communities surrounding the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds. Environ Health Perspect 2004; 112:35-41.]. In this paper we further the research by documenting and developing community knowledge with a study of resident's observations and experiences of the industrial contamination. We conducted two surveys, a quantitative door-to-door survey and qualitative dust interview, designed to complement each other and bring together the observations and experiences in the different communities to develop the local knowledge. The combined methodology uses techniques from both social and physical science, and was developed with the cooperation of community members. The research supports the proposition that local knowledge adds contextual meaning that complements the physical measurement of environmental contaminants, in order to understand the complex environment in which people live, and the multiple exposure pathways through which they can be affected. Residents in all three communities provided vivid observations and detailed experiences of the industrial pollution in their community and homes. The local knowledge is consistent with our physical data and review of the historical scientific research in Sydney, and supports the inference that the community was adversely impacted by the coke and steel facility. From a justice perspective, the three communities should be equally considered for remediation as part of the 'tar pond remediation policy' rather than the current policy of including only a few streets and houses. PMID:16650884

Lambert, Timothy W; Guyn, Lindsay; Lane, Stephanie E

2006-05-02

237

Chronic Helicobacter pylori Infection with Sydney Strain 1 and a Newly Identified Mouse-Adapted Strain (Sydney Strain 2000) in C57BL/6 and BALB/c Mice  

PubMed Central

The mouse model of Helicobacter pylori-induced disease using Sydney strain 1 (SS1) has been used extensively in Helicobacter research. Herein we describe the isolation and characterization of a new mouse-colonizing strain for use in comparative studies. One strain capable of persistent mouse colonization was isolated from a total of 110 clinical isolates and is named here SS2000 (Sydney strain 2000). Genome typing revealed a number of differences between SS1 and SS2000 as well as between them and the respective original clinical isolates. In particular, SS2000 lacked the entire cag pathogenicity island, while SS1 contained all 27 genes of the island. C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice were infected with SS1 or SS2000 or were treated with broth medium (controls). After 6 months host-specific effects were evident, including lower colonization levels in the BALB/c animals. Few pathological differences were observed between SS1- and SS2000-infected animals. However, by 15 months postinfection, SS1-infected C57BL/6 mice had developed more severe gastritis than the SS2000-infected animals. In contrast SS2000-infected BALB/c mice showed increased accumulation of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue compared to those infected with SS1. This improved comparative model of H. pylori-induced disease allowed dissection of both host and strain effects and thus will prove useful in further studies.

Thompson, Lucinda J.; Danon, Stephen J.; Wilson, John E.; O'Rourke, Jani L.; Salama, Nina R.; Falkow, Stanley; Mitchell, Hazel; Lee, Adrian

2004-01-01

238

Factors influencing participant enrolment in a diabetes prevention program in general practice: lessons from the Sydney diabetes prevention program  

PubMed Central

Background The effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in reducing diabetes incidence has been well established. Little is known, however, about factors influencing the reach of diabetes prevention programs. This study examines the predictors of enrolment in the Sydney Diabetes Prevention Program (SDPP), a community-based diabetes prevention program conducted in general practice, New South Wales, Australia from 2008–2011. Methods SDPP was an effectiveness trial. Participating general practitioners (GPs) from three Divisions of General Practice invited individuals aged 50–65 years without known diabetes to complete the Australian Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment tool. Individuals at high risk of diabetes were invited to participate in a lifestyle modification program. A multivariate model using generalized estimating equations to control for clustering of enrolment outcomes by GPs was used to examine independent predictors of enrolment in the program. Predictors included age, gender, indigenous status, region of birth, socio-economic status, family history of diabetes, history of high glucose, use of anti-hypertensive medication, smoking status, fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity level and waist measurement. Results Of the 1821 eligible people identified as high risk, one third chose not to enrol in the lifestyle program. In multivariant analysis, physically inactive individuals (OR: 1.48, P?=?0.004) and those with a family history of diabetes (OR: 1.67, P?=?0.000) and history of high blood glucose levels (OR: 1.48, P?=?0.001) were significantly more likely to enrol in the program. However, high risk individuals who smoked (OR: 0.52, P?=?0.000), were born in a country with high diabetes risk (OR: 0.52, P?=?0.000), were taking blood pressure lowering medications (OR: 0.80, P?=?0.040) and consumed little fruit and vegetables (OR: 0.76, P?=?0.047) were significantly less likely to take up the program. Conclusions Targeted strategies are likely to be needed to engage groups such as smokers and high risk ethnic groups. Further research is required to better understand factors influencing enrolment in diabetes prevention programs in the primary health care setting, both at the GP and individual level.

2012-01-01

239

Spatial Mapping of Lead, Arsenic, Iron, and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Soil Contamination in Sydney, Nova Scotia: Community Impact From the Coke Ovens and Steel Plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents spatial maps of the arsenic, lead, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) soil contamination in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. The spatial maps were designed to create exposure cohorts to help understand the observed increase in health effects. To assess whether contamination can be a proxy for exposures, the following hypothesis was tested: residential soils were impacted by the

Timothy W. Lambert; Jennifer Boehmer; Jason Feltham; Lindsay Guyn; Rizwan Shahid

2011-01-01

240

Lead, Arsenic, and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Soil and House Dust in the Communities Surrounding the Sydney, Nova Scotia, Tar Ponds  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in the residential communities adjacent to the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds, the area considered Canada's worst contaminated site. The tar pond remediation policy has been limited to the site and some residential properties. We compared background concentrations in 91 soil samples taken 5-20 km from the coke oven

Timothy W. Lambert

2003-01-01

241

Metals and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the drinking water of the Sydney Basin, Nova Scotia, Canada: a preliminary assessment of their source  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-five drinking water samples collected from the household property and from the Sydney Regional Municipality well bores and lakes were analyzed to evaluate the various inorganic parameters, level of concentrations of the priority elements and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The pH of the majority of the water samples was below the guidelines adopted by Health and Welfare Canada (1996), although the

F Goodarzi

2000-01-01

242

Factors influencing vaccination uptake Workshop Report Current Australian research on the behavioural, social and demographic factors influencing immunisation, Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Sydney, March 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current Australian research on factors influencing vaccination was discussed at a workshop held at the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Sydney, in March 1998, sponsored by the National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases (NCIRS). The application of decision maki ng theory to vaccination behaviour, the expectations and experiences of mothers, and reasons why parents fail

Jill M Forrest; Margaret A Burgess; Peter B McIntyre

243

Personal Development, Health and Physical Education in Cultural Context: Perspectives of Arabic and Non-Arabic Speaking Background Year Nine Students in Four Western Sydney High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on problems that students from predominantly Muslim backgrounds had in completing practical components of tertiary Personal Development, Health, and Physical Education (PDHPE) courses in Australian schools. The research investigated the PDHPE programs in western Sydney high schools with high Arabic speaking populations. The…

McInerney, Dennis M.; Davidson, Neil; Suliman, Rosemary; Tremayne, Bob

244

Picnicking, surf?bathing and middle?class morality on the beach in the eastern suburbs of Sydney, 1811?1912  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the nineteenth century the dominant users of Sydney beaches were picnickers. These picnickers were the primary source of complaints about the 'immoral' and 'indecent' way that surf-bathers exposed their bodies. In numerous letters to the daily papers and in complaints to both local and state governments, picnickers described surf-bathers as 'indecent larrikins'. These views were supported in government debates

Cameron White

2003-01-01

245

Men who have sex with men, infectious syphilis and HIV coinfection in inner Sydney: results of enhanced surveillance.  

PubMed

Background The resurgence of infectious syphilis in men who have sex with men (MSM) has been documented worldwide; however, HIV coinfection and syphilis reinfections in MSM in inner Sydney have not been published. Methods: For all laboratory syphilis notifications assessed as a newly notified case or reinfection, a questionnaire was sent to the requesting physician seeking demographic data and disease classification. Sex of partner and HIV status were collected for all infectious syphilis notifications in men received from 1 April 2006 to March 2011. Results: From April 2001 to March 2011, 3664 new notifications were received, 2278 (62%) were classified as infectious syphilis. Infectious syphilis notifications increased 12-fold from 25 to 303 in the first and last year respectively, and almost all notifications were in men (2220, 97.5%). During April 2006 to March 2011, 1562 infectious syphilis notifications in males were received and 765 (49%) of these men were HIV-positive and 1351 (86%) reported a male sex partner. Reinfections increased over time from 17 (9%) to 56 (19%) in the last year of the study and were significantly more likely to be in HIV-positive individuals (?(2)=140.92, degrees of freedom= 1, P=<0.001). Conclusion: Inner Sydney is experiencing an epidemic of infectious syphilis in MSM and about half of these cases are in HIV-positive patients. Reinfections are increasing and occur predominantly in HIV-positive men. Accurate surveillance information is needed to inform effective prevention programs, and community and clinician education needs to continue until a sustained reduction is achieved. PMID:23639847

Botham, Susan J; Ressler, Kelly-Anne; Maywood, Patrick; Hope, Kirsty G; Bourne, Chris P; Conaty, Stephen J; Ferson, Mark J; Mayne, Darren J

2013-08-01

246

Strategies for the municipal waste management system to take advantage of carbon trading under competing policies: The role of energy from waste in Sydney.  

PubMed

Climate change is a driving force behind some recent environmental legislation around the world. Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets have been set in many industrialised countries. A change in current practices of almost all greenhouse-emitting industrial sectors is unavoidable, if the set targets is to be achieved. Although, waste disposal contributes around 3% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in Australia (mainly due to fugitive methane emissions from landfills), the carbon credit and trading scheme set to start in 2010 presents significant challenges and opportunities to municipal solid waste practitioners. Technological advances in waste management, if adopted properly, allow the municipal solid waste sector to act as carbon sink, hence earning tradable carbon credits. However, due to the complexity of the system and its inherent uncertainties, optimizing it for carbon credits may worsen its performance under other criteria. We use an integrated, stochastic multi-criteria decision-making tool that we developed earlier to analyse the carbon credit potential of Sydney municipal solid waste under eleven possible future strategies. We find that the changing legislative environment is likely to make current practices highly non-optimal and increase pressures for a change of waste management strategy. PMID:19345082

El Hanandeh, Ali; El-Zein, Abbas

2009-04-02

247

Strategies for the municipal waste management system to take advantage of carbon trading under competing policies: The role of energy from waste in Sydney  

SciTech Connect

Climate change is a driving force behind some recent environmental legislation around the world. Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets have been set in many industrialised countries. A change in current practices of almost all greenhouse-emitting industrial sectors is unavoidable, if the set targets is to be achieved. Although, waste disposal contributes around 3% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in Australia (mainly due to fugitive methane emissions from landfills), the carbon credit and trading scheme set to start in 2010 presents significant challenges and opportunities to municipal solid waste practitioners. Technological advances in waste management, if adopted properly, allow the municipal solid waste sector to act as carbon sink, hence earning tradable carbon credits. However, due to the complexity of the system and its inherent uncertainties, optimizing it for carbon credits may worsen its performance under other criteria. We use an integrated, stochastic multi-criteria decision-making tool that we developed earlier to analyse the carbon credit potential of Sydney municipal solid waste under eleven possible future strategies. We find that the changing legislative environment is likely to make current practices highly non-optimal and increase pressures for a change of waste management strategy.

El Hanandeh, Ali [School of Civil Engineering, University of Sydney, Building J05, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)], E-mail: a.hanandeh@usyd.edu.au; El-Zein, Abbas [School of Civil Engineering, University of Sydney, Building J05, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)], E-mail: aelzein@usyd.edu.au

2009-07-15

248

Injecting drug use among gay and bisexual men in Sydney: prevalence and associations with sexual risk practices and HIV and hepatitis C infection.  

PubMed

Injecting drug use is commonly reported among gay and bisexual men in Australia. We examined the prevalence and covariates of injecting drug use among men participating in the Sydney Gay Community Periodic Survey between 2004-06 and 2011. In 2004-06, data was collected about which drugs were injected, while in 2011, data was collected about hepatitis C (HCV) and esoteric sexual practices. In 2004-06, 5.6 % of men reported injecting drugs in the previous 6 months; 3.4 % reported methamphetamine injection and 0.4 % heroin injection. In 2011, men who injected drugs were less likely to be employed full-time, and more likely to be HCV-positive, HIV-positive, to have used party drugs for sex, and to have engaged in esoteric sexual practices. The strong associations between injecting drug use, sexual risk practices and blood-borne virus infection suggests the need for combined sexual health and harm reduction services for gay and bisexual men who inject drugs. PMID:23321949

Lea, Toby; Mao, Limin; Bath, Nicky; Prestage, Garrett; Zablotska, Iryna; de Wit, John; Holt, Martin

2013-05-01

249

Efficacy of vaccination with live attenuated, cold-adapted, trivalent, intranasal influenza virus vaccine against a variant (A\\/Sydney) not contained in the vaccine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of revaccination of children with live attenuated influenza vaccine. Study design: A 2-year multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, efficacy field trial of live attenuated, cold-adapted trivalent influenza vaccine administered by nasal spray to children. This report summarizes year 2 results, a year in which the epidemic strain of influenza A\\/Sydney was not well matched

Robert B. Belshe; William C. Gruber; Paul M. Mendelman; Iksung Cho; Keith Reisinger; Stan L. Block; Janet Wittes; Dominick Iacuzio; Pedro Piedra; John Treanor; James King; Karen Kotloff; David I. Bernstein; Frederick G. Hayden; Ken Zangwill; Lihan Yan; Mark Wolff

2000-01-01

250

Application of positive matrix factorization, multi-linear engine and back trajectory techniques to the quantification of coal-fired power station pollution in metropolitan Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over 900 fine particle Teflon filters were collected within the Sydney Basin between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2011 and analyzed using simultaneous PIXE, PIGE, RBS and PESA techniques to determine 21 different elements between hydrogen and lead. These elements were used in positive matrix factorization (PMF) and multi-linear engine (ME) techniques together with HYSPLIT wind back trajectory techniques to quantitatively determine source fingerprints and their contributions from coal-fired power stations. The power stations were many kilometers outside the greater Sydney metropolitan area but still had a significant impact on the fine particle mass loadings measured at the sampling site within this metropolitan area. The PM2.5 eleven year average mass at the sampling site was 6.48 ?g m?3. The corresponding ammonium sulfate estimate was 1.65 ?g m?3 or 26% of the PM2.5 mass. By applying back trajectory data and (ME) analysis methods, two power related fingerprints, secondary sulfate (2ndrySPower) and aged industrial sulfur (IndSagedPower) were determined. These two power related fingerprints were responsible for between 14 and 18% of the total PM2.5 mass and 34-47% of the total sulfate measured at the sampling site. That is on average somewhere between a third and a half of all the sulfate measured in the greater Sydney region could be attributed to coal-fired power station emissions.

Cohen, David D.; Crawford, Jagoda; Stelcer, Eduard; Atanacio, Armand J.

2012-12-01

251

Comparison of Bayesian and frequentist approaches in modelling risk of preterm birth near the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada  

PubMed Central

Background This study compares the Bayesian and frequentist (non-Bayesian) approaches in the modelling of the association between the risk of preterm birth and maternal proximity to hazardous waste and pollution from the Sydney Tar Pond site in Nova Scotia, Canada. Methods The data includes 1604 observed cases of preterm birth out of a total population of 17559 at risk of preterm birth from 144 enumeration districts in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. Other covariates include the distance from the Tar Pond; the rate of unemployment to population; the proportion of persons who are separated, divorced or widowed; the proportion of persons who have no high school diploma; the proportion of persons living alone; the proportion of single parent families and average income. Bayesian hierarchical Poisson regression, quasi-likelihood Poisson regression and weighted linear regression models were fitted to the data. Results The results of the analyses were compared together with their limitations. Conclusion The results of the weighted linear regression and the quasi-likelihood Poisson regression agrees with the result from the Bayesian hierarchical modelling which incorporates the spatial effects.

Ismaila, Afisi S; Canty, Angelo; Thabane, Lehana

2007-01-01

252

Evidence of Carboniferous volcanic ash in Pictou Group (West-phalian D), Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada  

SciTech Connect

Until now, Carboniferous-altered volcanic ash in North America was known only from the Middle Pennsylvanian (upper Westphalian A to lower Westphalian D) of the Appalachian basin. Now, however, mineralogical analysis of thin claystones (8-24 mm thick) in mineable bituminous coal (Hub and Harbour seams) form the P-boreholes in the Donkin submarine areas of the Sydney coalfield, Nova Scotia, indicates the presence of trace amounts of minerals probably derived from a volcanic ash fall of late Westphalian D age. Water-clear to cloudy quartz splinters and euhedral zircon with sharp crystal faces and edges, and length-to-width ratios up to 6:1 - which are typical of Appalachian altered acidic volcanic ash deposits (tonsteins) - were with a dominantly detrital (fluvial ) mineral suite. Fifty to 90% water-laid silt- to sand-size detrital grains of quartz, tourmaline( ), zircon, white mica, and other minerals are found in the HF residum after the removal of the dominant components: clay minerals, pyrite, and coal particles (spores, secretinite, etc.). The fine size of the volcanic minerals and their low concentration indicate a very distant volcanic ash source, perhaps western Europe, where volcanic activity extended into the Stephanian.

Lyons, P.C.; Outerbridge, W.F. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States)); Hacquebard, P.A. (Atlantic Geoscience Centre, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia (Canada))

1991-08-01

253

Australia's earliest planispheres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia's earliest-known planispheres were made by a Sydney amateur astronomer named George Butterfield in 1870 and 1877, although a similar but more crudely-made 'noctural dial' was created by Philip Parker King in 1852. This paper discusses these pioneering endeavours, other nineteenth century attempts to popularise astronomy, and the prevailing astronomical climate in Australia at that time.

Orchiston, W.

2003-12-01

254

TWO FACES OF GOD: RELIGION AND SOCIAL CLASS IN THE BRAZILIAN DIASPORA IN SYDNEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brazilian immigration to Australia has two defining moments. The first migrants arrived in the early 1970s, attracted by an Australian Government assistance scheme. These were poor migrants and today still belong to the working class. The second group started arriving in the late 1990s. By contrast with the first group, these are young pro- fessionals who are highly educated and

Cristina Rocha

255

Trends in BMI, diet and lifestyle between 1976 and 2005 in North Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australia has increased during the past 30 years, little is known about the dietary and behavioural antecedents of body mass index (BMI). We examined changes in mean BMI, diet, and other lifestyle behaviours between 1976 and 2005 and described the cross-sectional associations between these factors and BMI. A series of biennial biomedical

Lillian M Kent; Anthony Worsley

2009-01-01

256

An outbreak of Salmonella typhimurium 108/170 at a privately catered barbeque at a Sydney sports club.  

PubMed

An outbreak of gastrointestinal illness was identified among attendees at a large community barbeque at a Sydney sports club on 30 January 2009. A retrospective cohort study was initiated, and attendees were identified through hospital emergency department gastroenteritis presentations, snowball recruitment through known cases, responders to linguistically specific press, and those returning to the venue the next week. A symptom and food history was collected from attendees, and stool samples were provided for microbiological investigation. An environmental investigation and trace back of implicated foods was also undertaken. Attendance estimates at the barbeque ranged from 100 to 180, and the food was prepared by a family that was not registered as a food business. Seventy one of the 87 attendees identified met the case definition. Thirty attendees (42%) had laboratory confirmed Salmonella Typhimurium phage-type 108/170, all with the same multilocus variable number of tandem repeat analysis typing. Burden of illness was high with 76% of cases seeking medical attention and 18% admitted to hospital. Microbiological evidence confirmed that a number of food items were contaminated with Salmonella Typhimurium 108/170, with the raw egg mayonnaise used in a Russian salad being the most likely primary food vehicle (adjusted odds ratio=10.3 [95% confidence interval 1.79-59.5]). Further, having Russian salad on the plate even if it was not consumed increased the relative risk of illness, thus suggesting that other food items may have been contaminated when they came into contact with it on the plate. This Salmonella outbreak highlighted the risks associated with the improper handling of food in private residences, which are then sold at a large public event. PMID:21790276

Jardine, Andrew; Ressler, Kelly-Anne; Botham, Susan; Irwin, Melissa J; Shadbolt, Craig; Vally, Hassan; Ferson, Mark J

2011-07-26

257

Ethnicity, health and medical care: towards a critical realist analysis of general practice in the Korean community in Sydney.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the use and provision of biomedicine among Korean-Australian men on the basis of interview data from all of the eight Korean-speaking doctors practising in the Korean community in Sydney in 1995. From the viewpoint of these general practitioners, an analysis is made of the processes Korean men go through in adjusting to a new country, being involved in constant hard manual work and long working hours, and explores how they make use of all available resources to stay healthy. The Korean men have fully utilized the 'freely' available medical services under government-subsidized Medicare, bearing in mind that health is a capacity to work under the current environment, although illegal migrants restrained themselves from using it until they obtained legal status. Korean-speaking medical practitioners have been able to provide their fellow Koreans with 'culturally appropriate' health care, with the key factor being the absence of a language barrier. The level of patient satisfaction is high, possibly due to the excellent understanding the doctors have of the social aspects of illnesses, although the doctors do not go beyond curative medicine in their practice. However, the increasing number of Korean-speaking doctors in the small Korean community means that there is competition for patients. Consequently, the medical care is highly entrepreneurial. Referral by Korean doctors to practitioners of Korean herbal medicine is also a notable feature of the health care sector of the Korean community, especially as this offers Korean patients 'satisfactory' health relief for problems that are not easily relieved by doctors in the biomedical system. PMID:17060035

Han, Gil-Soo; Davies, Carmel

2006-11-01

258

Prevalence of feline immunodeficiency virus infection in domesticated and feral cats in eastern Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serum samples from 340 pet cats presented to three inner city clinics in Sydney Australia, 68 feral cats from two separate colonies in Sydney, and 329 cattery-confined pedigree and domestic cats in eastern Australia, were collected over a 2-year period and tested for antibodies directed against feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) using immunomigration (Agen FIV Rapid Immunomigration test) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent

Jacqueline M. Norris; Erin T. Bell; Louise Hales; Jenny-Ann L. M. L. Toribio; Joanna D. White; Denise I. Wigney; Randolph M. Baral; Richard Malik

2007-01-01

259

WATCHING INDIAN MOVIES IN AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article draws on a body of interviews conducted during 2003–04 with movie?viewers, distributors and exhibitors of Indian movies in Australia, primarily in the Sydney region of New South Wales. My immediate concern is with the manner in which Indian movies reach an audience in Australia and how that audience is described, both by themselves and by those who seek

Adrian Athique

2005-01-01

260

Areca nut chewing in an expatriate population in Sydney: report of two cases.  

PubMed

Areca nut (betel nut) consumption occurs in a variety of forms, either on its own or with the addition of a number of products. This habit is prevalent in the Indian Subcontinent and South-East Asia. Recent immigration statistics indicate that 30% of new arrivals in Australia are from these geographical regions and are known to perpetuate this custom long after migration. The objective of this paper is to highlight the variety of oral presentations that may occur as a result of areca nut consumption in these particular demographic subgroups. Dental practitioners must be familiar with the wide spectrum of oral lesions that may present in this setting. More significantly, they must be aware that some of these lesions possess the potential for malignant transformation and hence require more specific management. Best practice mandates that dental practitioners in a multicultural society must: (1) be capable of recognizing the expatriate populations in which this custom is widely practised; (2) incorporate this particular line of questioning into the routine risk factor analysis that is undertaken for every patient from these particular sub-populations; and (3) institute appropriate referral and follow-up of these lesions if required. PMID:22924364

Sukumar, S; Coleman, H G; Cox, S C

2012-09-01

261

Australia.  

PubMed

This discussion of Australia covers the following: the people, geography, history, government, political conditions, economy, foreign relations and defense, and relations between the US and Australia. In 1983 the population of Australia totaled 15.3 million with an annual growth rate of 1.3%. The infant mortality rate is 9.9/1000 live births with a life expectancy of 74 years. The people of Australia are predominantly of British origin, and their culture and outlook are similar to those of the US. The aboriginal population is estimated to be 1% of the total. Much of Australia's culture is derived from European roots, but distinctive Australian trends have evolved from the environment, aboriginal culture, and the influence of Australia's neighbors. Australia, the world's smallest continent but 1 of the largest nations, is located below the Southeast Asian archipelago and is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean and on the west by the Indian Ocean. Most of the continent is a low, irregular plateau. Little is known of Australia before its discovery by Dutch explorers in the 17th century. On January 26, 1788 the Colony of New South Wales was founded and formal proclamation on the site of Sydney followed on February 7. Many of the 1st settlers were convicts. The mid-19th century began a policy of emancipation of convicts and assisted immigration of free people. The 1st federal Parliament was opened at Melbourne in May 1901. Australia passed the Statute of Westminster Adoption Act in 1942, which officially established Australia's complete autonomy in both internal and external affairs. The Commonwealth government was created with a constitution patterned partly on the US constitution. Australia is a fully independent nation within the Commonwealth. The federal Parliament is bicameral, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. At the apex of the court system is the High Court of Australia. The 3 main political groups in Australia are the Liberal Party, the National Party, and the Australian Labor Party. The ALP came to power in a sweeping victory on March 5, 1983, bringing an end to nearly 8 years of rule by the Liberal/National coalition. Australia has a sophisticated, diversified, and affluent economy (1982 gross domestic product, US$151 billion). The economy is heavily dependent on foreign trade. Since World War II Australia plays an increasingly active role in international affairs. On most international issues, the US and Australia are in broad agreement and cooperate closely. PMID:12178091

1984-05-01

262

Up-regulation of hepatic ABCC2, ABCG2, CYP1A1 and GST in multixenobiotic-resistant killifish ( Fundulus heteroclitus) from the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cellular defence against accumulation of toxic xenobiotics includes metabolism by phase I and II enzymes and export of toxicants and their metabolites via ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Liver gene expression of representatives of these three protein groups was examined in a population of multixenobiotic-resistant killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) from the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada. The Tar Ponds are heavily

S. Christine Paetzold; Neil W. Ross; Robert C. Richards; Martha Jones; Jocelyne Hellou; Shannon M. Bard

2009-01-01

263

Measurement of the neutron and gamma doses accumulated during commercial jet flights from sydney to several major destinations in the northern and southern hemispheres.  

PubMed

As recommended by the ICRP, the European Union (EU) agreed to abide by mandatory monitoring of radiation doses to crew during civil aviation flights operated by the airlines of the EU member states. A large number of measured and theoretically predicted values for the in-flight radiation doses of northern hemisphere flight routes are available. On the other hand very few data have been published for the southern hemisphere. This paper will present the results of Australian domestic and intemational return flight routes originating from Sydney. The paper also presents results of trans-hemisphere air traffic routes. Neutron and gamma doses were measured using superheated bubble dosemeters and semiconductor detectors respectively. Based on our measurements a method is suggested whereby aircrew may share their personal radiation burden by flight crew hemisphere exchange. PMID:12382933

Mukherjee, B; Cross, P; Alsop, R

2002-01-01

264

HIV and hepatitis C virus co-infection among men who have sex with men in Sydney, and associations with sexual and drug use practices.  

PubMed

Background: In recent years there has been an increase in the incidence of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) in men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of HIV/HCV co-infection among MSM in Sydney, and to compare sexual and drug use risk practices of HIV/HCV co-infected MSM with HIV and HCV mono-infected MSM. Methods: Data were collected from gay and other homosexually active men as part of the ongoing Gay Community Periodic Surveys (GCPS). The analysis herein presents findings from the Sydney GCPS in August 2011, which collected data on HCV for the first time. The survey was completed by 2009 respondents. Results: Three per cent of respondents self-reported being HCV positive (representing 9.0% of HIV-positive men and 1.9% of HIV-negative men). Overall, 1.2% of respondents reported being HIV/HCV co-infected. HIV/HCV co-infected men were more likely than HCV or HIV mono-infected men to report several sexual and drug use practices that may increase the risk of blood-borne virus transmission. Conclusions: Consistent with other research, we found a higher prevalence of HCV among HIV-positive than HIV-negative men. Several risk practices were more commonly reported among HIV/HCV co-infected men. These findings, and the increasing incidence of HCV in MSM, reinforce the need for routine HCV screening in this population. PMID:23849088

Lea, Toby; Lee, Evelyn; Mao, Limin; de Wit, John; Holt, Martin

2013-10-01

265

Agglutinated foraminifera from the Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia: Their use as indicators of sea-level changes in Carboniferous coal-bearing strata  

SciTech Connect

Agglutinated foraminifera and arcellaceans (the camoebians) were examined from Carboniferous (Late Westphalian-Stephanian) cyclothems in the Sydney Basin of Nova Scotia. Their presence confirms that the laterally extensive coal seams, limestones, mudstones and carbonaceous shales were deposited in a paralic setting. Four distinctive assemblages are documented from the coal-bearing strata, and these may be used as accurate paleo sea-level indicators on the basis of the modern distribution of similar assemblages. Mixed assemblages dominated by Ammobaculites characterize siltstones overlying the coal seams, an association typical of mineralic substrates within modern estuarine environments. Assemblages dominated by small, finely agglutinated specimens of Ammotium and Ammobaculites occur in organic rich strata between coal seam splits. Similar assemblages are found in modern salt marshes and upper estuarine settings. Trochammina dominated assemblages occur in mudstones underlying the coal seams. Such assemblages are typical of higher elevations in modern brackish and saline marshes. Monotypic assemblages of the arcellacean Difflugia are also found in the seat earths below coal seams. Similar associations occur today in mineralic substrates below modern freshwater floating marshes. The presence of a Trochammina assemblage has aided recognition of a maximum flooding (transgression) surface below the base of an incised paleovalley, interpreted as a type 1 sequence boundary, in the Bonar cyclothem of the Sydney Basin. The valley incision is attributed to glacioeustatic sea-level lowering. The upper 10m of the 25m thick valley fill contains assemblages of Difflugia, which are succeeded by Trochammina assemblages within the seat earth beneath the coal at the top of the cyclothem.

Wightman, W.G.; Scott, D.B.; Medioli, F.M.; Gibling, M.R. (Dalhousie Univ., Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada). Centre for Marine Geology)

1992-01-01

266

A quality control program for crossmatching procedures for solid organ transplantation 1 1 Dr. P. Hogan, Division of Immunology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia; Dr. A. Geczy, Tissue Typing Laboratory, Australian Red Cross Blood Service—Sydney, NSW, Australia; Dr. B. Tait, Tissue Typing Laboratory, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Dr. P. Bardy, Adelaide Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service, Adelaide, South Australia; A\\/Prof. F. Christiansen, Department of Clinical Immunology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia; Prof. N. Mehra, Department of Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Kidney Matching Scheme (NKMS) allows matching and allocation of donor organs throughout Australia. Sera from potential recipients are distributed to each interstate tissue typing laboratory on a monthly basis for crossmatching in the event of a cadaver donor. Therefore, it is essential there is consensus for results between these laboratories in order for donated organs to be allocated

Andrea J Howden; David C Sayer; Greg Bennett; Linda K Smith; Frank T Christiansen

2000-01-01

267

Posttraumatic stress disorder among female street-based sex workers in the greater Sydney area, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper examines rates of exposure to work-related violence and other trauma, and the prevalence of lifetime and current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among female street-based sex workers. It also investigates associations between current PTSD symptoms and: demographic characteristics, psychiatric comorbidity, injecting and sex risk behaviours, and trauma history. METHODS: Cross sectional data collected from 72 women via face

Amanda Roxburgh; Louisa Degenhardt; Jan Copeland

2006-01-01

268

A fuzzy GIS approach to fire risk assessment: a case study of Sydney Olympic Park, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abs tract Bush fire is a natural part of the Australian environment with the potential to devastate rural and urban communities through loss of life, property and infrastructure. While better risk assessment offers some hope in ameliorating the impacts of bus hfire, these assessments are challenging due to the complexity of physical and social landscapes, the limited amount of available

Thomas Zeng; John Hudson; Susan Kay; Edwina Laginestra

269

Sydney, Australia Community Meets Classroom: Celebrating Families and Difference in the Early Stages of Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers and teacher educators are often hard pressed to find resources that creatively integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), and intersex issues into the early stages of primary education. While there is a growing number of academics who stress the importance of addressing topics of sexual and gender diversity during the early…

Burns, Kellie

2006-01-01

270

Revision of the Brachyopidae (Temnospondyli) from the Triassic of the Sydney, Carnarvon and Tasmania Basins, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian Triassic strata have produced more species of brachyopid Amphibia than are known elsewhere. Some were described last century and most before the widespread use of cladistics. There is thus a need for redescriptions which include identification of characters useful for character analysis. This paper re-examines the Australian brachyopids as a preliminary to a cladistic analysis of the Brachyopidae, clarifies

Anne Warren; Claudia Marsicano

1998-01-01

271

Computational fluid dynamics; Proceedings of the International Symposium, Sydney, Australia, Aug. 23-27, 1987  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in the numerical simulation of flow problems are discussed in reviews and reports. Topics addressed include the hydrodynamics of lattice gases, the use of Green's theorem in the solution of the Navier-Stokes equations, SUPG-type FEMs for fluid dynamics, splitting methods for the Euler and Navier-Stokes equations, the increasing use of CFD in aircraft design, and the grid-characteristic method in external gasdynamics. Consideration is given to gradient boundary conditions for turbulent flow, measurement and prediction of recirculating flows in a T-shaped cavity, acoustic refraction phenomena, a fast Euler solver for three-dimensional internal flows, an FEM model for convection-dominated transport problems, chemically nonequilibrium viscous flow on conic aerobrake bodies, vortex breakdown in confined swirling flow, aerodynamics algorithms for parallel processors, and solution techniques for the partially parabolized Navier-Stokes equations.

de Vahl Davis, Graham; Fletcher, Clive

272

"It's Good to Have Wheels!" Perceptions of Cycling among Homeless Young People in Sydney, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Participation in sporting or recreational programs can be unattainable for many disadvantaged young people. Encouraging regular cycling is an important public health strategy to increase participation in physical activity and expand personal transport options for marginalised youth. Perceptions and attitudes toward cycling were explored in eight…

Crawford, Belinda; Rissel, Chris; Yamazaki, Rowena; Franke, Elise; Amanatidis, Sue; Ravulo, Jioji; Bindon, Jenni; Torvaldsen, Siranda

2012-01-01

273

“Truth in Advertising”: The Beginning of Advertising Ethics in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia, as in many countries, the early advertising industry had a poor reputation for honesty. However, in 1920 “truth in advertising” and raising ethical behavior became the focus of the Second Convention of Advertising Men of Australasia, held in Sydney. This was a major event in Australia's advertising history and was seen as a way to legitimize the industry

David S. Waller

2012-01-01

274

Australia's Biodiversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Australian Museum Online comes this informative presentation on biodiversity. This searchable site allows visitors to learn fun biodiversity facts (such as the evolutionary history of the platypus and the secret life of kelp forests), how to conserve biodiversity through sustainable living practices, and what's happening at the Australian Museum in Sydney. Many of the pages can also be downloaded in .pdf format. Features of the site include RealMedia films on such topics as the Lizard Island Research Station and Sydney's Coastal Reefs; a page about the interpretive strategies of the museum's exhibition, Biodiversity: life supporting life; and biodiversity and forestry case studies in Australia. Well organized and readable, this site will be enjoyable for both Aussies and non-Aussies interested in the science and wonder of life's diversity.

2008-04-01

275

Lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil and house dust in the communities surrounding the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds.  

PubMed

This study evaluated lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in the residential communities adjacent to the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds, the area considered Canada's worst contaminated site. The tar pond remediation policy has been limited to the site and some residential properties. We compared background concentrations in 91 soil samples taken 5-20 km from the coke oven site with those in soil samples from the three communities surrounding the tar ponds: Whitney Pier, Ashby, and North End. These surrounding communities were statistically different from background regarding arsenic, lead, and PAHs. Twenty percent of the background soil samples and 95% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian health-risk-based soil guidelines for arsenic (12 ppm), and 5% of the background samples and 80% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian guidelines for lead (140 ppm). Regarding dust lead and arsenic loading, the results provide no evidence that Whitney Pier is significantly different than Ashby and North End. Children in these communities are predicted to have a 1-15% chance of blood lead > 10 microg/dL. The results suggest that lead and arsenic found in the homes originate outside. The lead content of paint in the homes was not evaluated, but consideration of painted wood at the doorway did not confound the results of the study. The results indicate that the residential environment has been adversely affected by PAHs, lead, and arsenic and should be considered for remediation. PMID:14698928

Lambert, Timothy W; Lane, Stephanie

2004-01-01

276

Lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil and house dust in the communities surrounding the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds.  

PubMed Central

This study evaluated lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in the residential communities adjacent to the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds, the area considered Canada's worst contaminated site. The tar pond remediation policy has been limited to the site and some residential properties. We compared background concentrations in 91 soil samples taken 5-20 km from the coke oven site with those in soil samples from the three communities surrounding the tar ponds: Whitney Pier, Ashby, and North End. These surrounding communities were statistically different from background regarding arsenic, lead, and PAHs. Twenty percent of the background soil samples and 95% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian health-risk-based soil guidelines for arsenic (12 ppm), and 5% of the background samples and 80% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian guidelines for lead (140 ppm). Regarding dust lead and arsenic loading, the results provide no evidence that Whitney Pier is significantly different than Ashby and North End. Children in these communities are predicted to have a 1-15% chance of blood lead > 10 microg/dL. The results suggest that lead and arsenic found in the homes originate outside. The lead content of paint in the homes was not evaluated, but consideration of painted wood at the doorway did not confound the results of the study. The results indicate that the residential environment has been adversely affected by PAHs, lead, and arsenic and should be considered for remediation.

Lambert, Timothy W; Lane, Stephanie

2004-01-01

277

Differential effects of metal contamination on the transcript expression of immune- and stress-response genes in the Sydney Rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata.  

PubMed

Environmental contamination by metals is a serious threat to the biological sustainability of coastal ecosystems. Our current understanding of the potential biological effects of metals in these ecosystems is limited. This study tested the transcriptional expression of immune- and stress-response genes in Sydney Rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata). Oysters were exposed to four metals (cadmium, copper, lead and zinc) commonly associated with anthropogenic pollution in coastal waterways. Seven target genes (superoxide dismutase, ferritin, ficolin, defensin, HSP70, HSP90 and metallothionein) were selected. Quantitative (real-time) PCR analyses of the transcript expression of these genes showed that each of the different metals elicited unique transcriptional profiles. Significant changes in transcription were found for 18 of the 28 combinations tested (4 metals × 7 genes). Of these, 16 reflected down-regulation of gene transcription. HSP90 was the only gene significantly up-regulated by metal contamination (cadmium and zinc only), while defensin expression was significantly down-regulated by exposure to all four metals. This inhibition could have a significant negative effect on the oyster immune system, promoting susceptibility to opportunistic infections and disease. PMID:23545341

Taylor, Daisy A; Thompson, Emma L; Nair, Sham V; Raftos, David A

2013-03-29

278

Project Haystack: The Search for Life in the Galaxy and Life: Here? There? Elsewhere? North Sydney Girls High School and using curriculum materials as a partnership opportunity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this workshop participants will trial some of the missions from Project Haystack and Life: Here, There and Elsewhere. Both teachers' guides are from The Life in the Universe series of curriculum resources developed by the SETI Institute. The missions discussed have been adapted for use in two teaching units based on the NSW Stage 4-5 Science Syllabus. The units used `Life in the Universe' as a context for motivating students in science. The Stage 4 (Year 7) unit explored how life may be detected on Mars and other planetary objects in our solar system, and the Stage 5 (Year 9) unit explored the nature of our universe and the possibility of extraterrestrial intelligence beyond our solar system. During this workshop participants will design a spacecraft-lander for exploring the Martian landscape. Then, the participants will compare their design to what was produced by students at North Sydney Girls High School. Alternative activities that assisted students in improving their design will also be discussed. Other missions presented in this workshop include the making of a model of the entire Milky Way Galaxy, examining the spectra from different stars, and using the Doppler shift as a way to measure the very small "wobble" of stars that would indicate the presence of other planetary systems.

Vozzo, Les

279

The genesis of solar radio astronomy in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In late 1945, O.B. Slee at RAAF Radar Station 59 near Darwin and staff from the CSIRO's Division of Radiophysics in Sydney were involved in Australia's first investigation of radio emission from the Sun. After WWII, the Sydney radio astronomers were joined by small independent groups based at the Commonwealth Observatory, Mt Stromlo, and in the Physics Department at the University of Western Australia, in Perth. Between 1946 and 1948, these young scientists made an important contribution to international astronomy, heightening our understanding of solar physics and the relationship between sunspots and solar radio emission.

Orchiston, Wayne; Slee, Bruce; Burman, Ron

2006-06-01

280

Impact of Drug Market Changes on Substance-Using Pregnant Women in Three Key Sydney Drug Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: In 2001 the supply of heroin was substantially reduced across Australia. Given the child protection concerns associated with the use of substances by pregnant women, it was pertinent to examine how the reduction in the supply of heroin affected this community of users. This paper aimed to assess the extent of any drug-related problems among pregnant women associated with

Elizabeth Conroy; Louisa Degenhardt; Carolyn Day

2007-01-01

281

Between the Centre and the Periphery: the development of port trade in Darwin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Darwin, the capital of the Northern Territory, is a port city located in Australia's Top End and facing Southeast Asia. The distance from Darwin to Australia's main economic centres of Sydney and Melbourne is almost the same as to Singapore. This central geographical location has inspired the development of the Port and the City of Darwin from time to time

Jiaping Wu

2011-01-01

282

Making the Grade? Globalisation and the Training Market in Australia. Volume 1 [and] Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-volume document reports on a study of globalization and Australia's training market. Volume 1 begins by examining debate on globalization and industry training in Australia. Discussed next is the study methodology, which involved field studies of the metals and engineering industry in South West Sydney and the Hunter and the information…

Hall, Richard; Buchanan, John; Bretherton, Tanya; van Barneveld, Kristin; Pickersgill, Richard

283

From Paper to Screen: Mapping the Path of Online Newspapers in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper lays the groundwork for a genealogy of online newspapers in Australia. Its main task is descriptive, mapping the field of study - online newspapers in Australia - and discussing the main landmarks in this media environment, such as News Limited's www.news.com.au , and Fairfax's online versions of The Age and Sydney Morning Herald . As a necessary point

Lucy Morieson

2007-01-01

284

Making the Grade? Globalisation and the Training Market in Australia. Volume 1 [and] Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This two-volume document reports on a study of globalization and Australia's training market. Volume 1 begins by examining debate on globalization and industry training in Australia. Discussed next is the study methodology, which involved field studies of the metals and engineering industry in South West Sydney and the Hunter and the information…

Hall, Richard; Buchanan, John; Bretherton, Tanya; van Barneveld, Kristin; Pickersgill, Richard

285

A large point-source outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium linked to chicken, pork and salad rolls from a Vietnamese bakery in Sydney  

PubMed Central

Introduction In January 2011, Sydney South West Public Health Unit was notified of a large number of people presenting with gastroenteritis over two days at a local hospital emergency department (ED). Methods Case-finding was conducted through hospital EDs and general practitioners, which resulted in the notification of 154 possible cases, from which 83 outbreak cases were identified. Fifty-eight cases were interviewed about demographics, symptom profile and food histories. Stool samples were collected and submitted for analysis. An inspection was conducted at a Vietnamese bakery and food samples were collected and submitted for analysis. Further case ascertainment occurred to ensure control measures were successful. Results Of the 58 interviewed cases, the symptom profile included diarrhoea (100%), fever (79.3%) and vomiting (89.7%). Salmonella Typhimurium multiple-locus-variable number tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) type 3–10–8-9–523 was identified in 95.9% (47/49) of stool samples. Cases reported consuming chicken, pork or salad rolls from a single Vietnamese bakery. Environmental swabs detected widespread contamination with Salmonella at the premises. Discussion This was a large point-source outbreak associated with the consumption of Vietnamese-style pork, chicken and salad rolls. These foods have been responsible for significant outbreaks in the past. The typical ingredients of raw egg butter or mayonnaise and pate are often implicated, as are the food-handling practices in food outlets. This indicates the need for education in better food-handling practices, including the benefits of using safer products. Ongoing surveillance will monitor the success of new food regulations introduced in New South Wales during 2011 for improving food-handling practices and reducing foodborne illness.

Huhtinen, Essi; Conaty, Stephen; Hope, Kirsty; Campbell, Brett; Tegel, Marianne; Boyd, Rowena; Cullen, Beth

2012-01-01

286

Landslide susceptibility and hazard mapping in Australia for land-use planning — with reference to challenges in metropolitan suburbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the history and current status of landslide susceptibility and hazard mapping for land-use zoning in Australia. It also describes a case study of landslide hazard mapping in a medium density, coastal, suburban residential area of metropolitan Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, with relatively steep terrain. Issues covered include identification and mapping of existing and

Andrew R. Leventhal; Greg P. Kotze

2008-01-01

287

Fog and rainwater composition in rural SE Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of fog and rainwater quality was conducted in order to ascertain whether pollutants from the Wollongong-Sydney-Newcastle industrial region of Australia can be transported to the north, thereby affecting precipitation chemistry. Precipitation samples from two different sites were analyzed for cations, sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and ammonium, as well as for the anions of chloride, nitrate, sulfate, methanesulfonate, formate,

David Post; Howard A. Bridgman; G. P. Ayers

1991-01-01

288

Fog and rainwater composition in rural SE Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to determine if pollutants from the Wollongong-Sydney-Newcastle industrial area in southeastern Australia can be transported northwards, affecting precipitation quality to the north, a preliminary study of fog and rainwater quality was carried out from January to April 1989. Samples were collected from two sites in the state of New South Wales, one in the Barrington Tops and the

David Post; Howard A. Bridgman; G. P. Ayers

1991-01-01

289

Festivals, Space and Sexuality: Gay Pride in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the emergence of gay pride festivals in Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide, in the wake of the emergence and consolidation of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras as one of the pre-eminent international tourism festivals staged in Australia. We argue that to understand the crucial role gay pride festivals play in processes of social change surrounding

Kevin Markwell; Gordon Waitt

2009-01-01

290

Advances in Australian music documentation at the Australia music centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the Australia Music Centre Limited was established as a non-profit company on 14 August 1974, few of those involved may have foreseen the impact it was to have on Australian music in the first year of its public activities, following the official opening on 27 February 1976 of its offices in the ‘Rocks’ area of Sydney, one of the

Philip J. Drummond

1979-01-01

291

Twentieth century toxinology and antivenom development in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was not until the last decade of the 19th century that an experimental approach (led by Bancroft in Queensland and Martin in Sydney and Melbourne) brought a higher plane of scientific objectivity to usher in the modern era of Australian toxinology. This Australia era, 1895–1905, coincided with and in some respects was the result of the new knowledge emerging

Kenneth D. Winkel; Peter Mirtschin; John Pearn

2006-01-01

292

Iodine Deficiency in Australia: Be Alarmed. Opinions & Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Iodine deficiency, the leading preventable cause of intellectual impairment in the world (World Health Organization, 1999), has reappeared in Australia. Recently, we identified the re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Sydney (Gunton, Hams, Fiegert & McElduff, 1999). This has been confirmed locally (Li, Ma, Boyages & Eastman, 2001) and…

McElduff, Aidan; Beange, Helen

2004-01-01

293

Validity of two common asthma-specific quality of life questionnaires: Juniper mini asthma quality of life questionnaire and Sydney asthma quality of life questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background This study explored the psychometric properties (internal consistency, construct validity, discriminative ability) of the Juniper Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (Mini AQLQ-J) and the Sydney Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ-S). Methods One hundred fourty-six adults (18–45?years) with asthma requiring regular inhaled corticosteroids were recruited to a trial of written emotional disclosure. Correlational analyses were performed to understand the relationship of the two measures with each other, with symptoms, lung function, asthma control, asthma bother and generic quality of life. Median quality of life scores were compared according to gender, health care usage and levels of asthma severity. Results AQLQ-J and AQLQ-S total scores correlated strongly with each other (rho?=??0.80) and moderately with the EuroQol Current Health Status Scale (AQLQ-J: rho?=?0.35; AQLQ-S: rho?=??0.40). Domain score correlations between AQLQ-J and AQLQ-S were mostly moderate (0.50?

2012-01-01

294

Australian identity, the press and major international sporting events : a study of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games held in Australia since 1956  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores links between perceptions of Australian identity and the national press reporting of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games staged in Australia: the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games, the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, the 1982 Brisbane Commonwealth Games, and the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. When Australia plays host to the world or Commonwcalth of Nations it is

Rachel Payne

2007-01-01

295

Minority Youth, Crime, Conflict, and Belonging in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent decades, the size and diversity of the minority population of contemporary western societies has increased significantly.\\u000a To the critics of immigration, minority youth have been increasingly linked to crime, criminal gangs, anti-social behaviour,\\u000a and riots. In this article, we draw on fieldwork conducted in Sydney, Australia’s largest and most ethnically diverse city,\\u000a to probe aspects of the criminality,

Jock Collins; Carol Reid

2009-01-01

296

The New Compulsory Schooling Age Policy in NSW, Australia: Ethnicity, Ability and Gender Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The new schooling-leaving age policy in New South Wales, a state in Australia, requires all students to stay at school until they are 17 years old. The policy was introduced in January 2010, with little warning and, it appears, little consideration of its impact in complex contexts. In south-western Sydney, the most diverse region in the city,…

Reid, Carol; Young, Helen

2012-01-01

297

‘What better advertisement could Australia have?’ Encyclopaedias and nation-building  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early twentieth century, Australians committed to nation-building had to be inventive. With neither a foundation myth nor a unique defining history to resort to, other cultural products were created to succour Australia's postcolonial development. Whereas one such cultural product, the Sydney Bulletin, has been examined in Australian historiography, the role of encyclopaedias has been neglected. It is argued

Nadine Kavanagh

2010-01-01

298

Assessment and improvement of quality management capabilities for manufacturing industries in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an assessment of the quality management capabilities of the manufacturing industries in the Western Sydney Region of New South Wales, Australia based on a conceptual framework of the Quality Management Assessment Framework (QMAF) model which incorporates Information Communication Technology as an enabler. Survey data collected from a range of small, medium and large manufacturing organisations were used

Stanislaus Roque Lobo; Kenan M. Matawie; Premaratne Samaranayake

2012-01-01

299

The Effect of Sewage on Two Bioindicators at Port Stephens, New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of secondary treated sewage discharged from a recently commissioned extended ocean outfall at Boulder Bay, New South Wales, Australia on two bioindicators (oysters and kelp) was examined. Sydney rock oysters, Saccostrea commercialis Iredale and Roughley, were deployed at the study outfall location and control locations for three months after which time they were retrieved and analysed for trace

P. A. Ajani; D. E. Roberts; A. K. Smith; M. Krogh

1999-01-01

300

Reuse of greywater for irrigation around homes in Australia: Understanding community views, issues and practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined people's views on a number of water issues and their motivation, practices and concerns about greywater reuse for irrigation of around homes. Survey participants (275) from different socio-economic background from 125 suburbs in the Western Sydney region, Australia took part in the study. Regardless of their age and gender, when asked which was the most important issue regarding

U. Pinto; B. L. Maheshwari

2010-01-01

301

In vitro propagation of Pimelea spicata R.Br (Thymelaeaceae), an endangered species of the Sydney region, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Micropropagation was assessed as an ex situ conservation strategy for the endangered Australian plant Pimelea spicata (Thymelaeaceae). Although regeneration of this species was achieved, several physiological problems were observed and examined.\\u000a Explants of P. spicata had a higher multiplication rate on MS medium, than on ½ MS, but there was a significantly higher percentage of necrotic\\u000a shoot tips on the

Catherine A. Offord; Joanne L. Tyler

2009-01-01

302

Joy, Exercise, Enjoyment, Getting out: A Qualitative Study of Older People's Experience of Cycling in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Cycling can be an enjoyable way to meet physical activity recommendations and is suitable for older people; however cycling participation by older Australians is low. This qualitative study explored motivators, enablers, and barriers to cycling among older people through an age-targeted cycling promotion program. Methods. Seventeen adults who aged 50–75 years participated in a 12-week cycling promotion program which included a cycling skills course, mentor, and resource pack. Semistructured interviews at the beginning and end of the program explored motivators, enablers, and barriers to cycling. Results. Fitness and recreation were the primary motivators for cycling. The biggest barrier was fear of cars and traffic, and the cycling skills course was the most important enabler for improving participants' confidence. Reported outcomes from cycling included improved quality of life (better mental health, social benefit, and empowerment) and improved physical health. Conclusions. A simple cycling program increased cycling participation among older people. This work confirms the importance of improving confidence in this age group through a skills course, mentors, and maps and highlights additional strategies for promoting cycling, such as ongoing improvement to infrastructure and advertising.

Passmore, Erin; Mason, Chloe; Rissel, Chris

2013-01-01

303

The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion: findings from the Cycling Connecting Communities project in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Encouraging cycling is an important way to increase physical activity in the community. The Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project is a community-based cycling promotion program that included a range of community engagement and social marketing activities, such as organised bike rides and events, cycling skills courses, the distribution of cycling maps of the area and coverage in the local

Chris E Rissel; Carolyn New; Li Ming Wen; Dafna Merom; Adrian E Bauman; Jan Garrard

2010-01-01

304

Contaminated soil and sediments in a highly developed catchment-estuary system (Sydney estuary, Australia): an innovative stormwater remediation strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The objective of the current research was to provide a strategy to remediate stormwater from an old, high-developed catchment\\u000a dominated (94%) by diffuse sources. Contaminated catchment soils, a dense road network and extensive residential development\\u000a have resulted in degraded sediments in the receiving basin. Retrofitting stormwater remedial devices in such catchment-estuarine\\u000a systems is difficult, costly and long term.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and

Gavin F. Birch

2011-01-01

305

ACAL National Conference (Sydney, Australia, October 9-11, 1992). Conference Papers, Vol. 3, Workshops with a Local NSW Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This third of three volumes of the 1992 Australian Council for Adult Literacy (ACAL) Conference Papers is a special edition of "Literacy and Numeracy Exchange." It includes nine papers from workshops with a more local New South Wales focus. "Literacy, Language, and Numeracy in the Workplace in the Context of Industry Restructuring" (Ursula…

Literacy & Numeracy Exchange, 1992

1992-01-01

306

The influence of petrological properties and burial history on coal seam methane reservoir characterisation, Sydney Basin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas content of coals continuously change throughout their burial histories as a result of the changing state of equilibrium of the coal–gas system caused by variations in P–T conditions and coal rank. To fully evaluate the prospectivity of a coalbed methane resource, numerous coal properties, burial history, P–T conditions, hydrology and the likelihood of secondary biogenic gas generation need to

M. Faiz; A. Saghafi; N. Sherwood; I. Wang

2007-01-01

307

A field study of thermal comfort in outdoor and semi-outdoor environments in subtropical Sydney Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the absence of empirical outdoor thermal comfort studies it has been widely assumed that indoor thermal comfort theory generalises to outdoor settings without modification. Many indoor models were developed to describe thermal discomfort, not stress, therefore their relevance to conditions that vary greatly from neutrality, as many outdoor climatic conditions do, has not been critically validated in the field

Jennifer Spagnolo; Richard de Dear

2003-01-01

308

Mucosal immunology down under: Special Interest Group in Mucosal Immunology workshop, Australasian Society for Immunology, Sydney, Australia, 2 December 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mucosal Immunology Special Interest Group (SIG-MI) of the Australasian Society of Immunology was formed 14 years ago and has run regular symposia and workshops in conjunction with the Australasian Society of Immunology since that time. In December 2007 the Mucosal Immunology Special Interest Group held a 1-day satellite workshop in conjunction with the annual Australasian Society of Immunology scientific

Allan W Cripps; Philip Sutton; Ken Beagley; Sarah Robertson; Margaret Dunkley

2008-01-01

309

Responses of community to the possible use of recycled water for washing machines: A case study in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recycled water is a valuable resource that has potential to free up potable water supplies and recharge systems while improving the environment. Recycled water for washing machine could be one of the options as new end use of recycled water to alleviate the demand on existing and limited water supplies. This paper summarizes the findings of a research survey in

Thi Thu Nga Pham; Huu Hao Ngo; Wenshan Guo; Ho Phuong Dung Dang; Bandita Mainali; Archie Johnston; Andrzej Listowski

2011-01-01

310

SEROLOGIC SURVEY FOR TOXOPLASMA GONDII AND NEOSPORA CANINUM IN THE COMMON BRUSHTAIL POSSOM (TRICHOSURUS VULPECULA) FROM URBAN SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) has well adapted to increasing urbanization resulting in greater interaction with humans and their domestic pets. Wildlife species in urban areas face a higher risk of exposure to zoonotic pathogens and may be affected by parasites hosted by cats (...

311

Conference on the Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, 3rd, University of Sydney, Australia, February 11-15, 1985, Proceedings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various papers on the ionosphere and radio wave propagation are presented. The subjects discussed include: day-to-day variability in foF2 at low latitudes over a solar cycle; semiempirical, low-latitude ionospheric model; remote sensing with the Jindalee skywave radar; photographic approach to irregularities in the 80-100 km region; interference of radio waves in a CW system; study of the F-region characteristics at Waltair; recent developments in the international reference ionosphere; research-oriented ionosonde with directional capabilities; and ionospheric forecasting for specific applications. Also addressed are: experimental and theoretical techniques for the equatorial F region; empirical models of ionospheric electron concentration; the Jindalee ionospheric sounding system; a semiempirical midlatitude ionospheric model; Es structure using an HF radar; short-term variations in f0F2 and IEC; nonreciprocity in Omega propagation observed at middle latitudes; propagation management for no acknowledge HF links; new techniques in ionospheric sounding and studies; and lunar effects in the ionospheric F region.

Cole, D. G.; McNamara, L. F.

1985-12-01

312

The sport participation legacy of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games and other international sporting events hosted in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The legacy of an Olympic Games in a host city or country can take a variety of forms, including non-sporting benefits, such as enhanced urban infrastructure and national and international tourism profile, and sporting benefits, such as improved sporting facilities, strengthened sports organisations and potential increases in grassroots sport participation. This paper concentrates on the last of these, particularly in

A. J. Veal; Kristine Toohey; Stephen Frawley

2012-01-01

313

Conference on the Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, 3rd, University of Sydney, Australia, February 11-15, 1985, Proceedings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various papers on the ionosphere and radio wave propagation are presented. The subjects discussed include: day-to-day variability in foF2 at low latitudes over a solar cycle; semiempirical, low-latitude ionospheric model; remote sensing with the Jindalee skywave radar; photographic approach to irregularities in the 80-100 km region; interference of radio waves in a CW system; study of the F-region characteristics at

D. G. Cole; L. F. McNamara

1985-01-01

314

Patterns of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Associated with Major Depression among Gay Men Attending General Practices in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our aim was to clarify the role of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use in major depression among gay men attending general medical practices. A secondary analysis was conducted on survey data collected from 531 gay men attending high-HIV-caseload general practices in Adelaide and Sydney, Australia. The survey contained demographic, social,…

Holt, Martin; Bryant, Joanne; Newman, Christy E.; Paquette, Dana M.; Mao, Limin; Kidd, Michael R.; Saltman, Deborah C.; Kippax, Susan C.

2012-01-01

315

Comparing the Preferences of Health Professionals and Members of the Public for Setting Healthcare Priorities: Experiences from Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: This article reports on a priority-setting exercise involving members of the general public and health professionals. The aim is to compare the healthcare priorities of these two groups, as well as their attitudes towards public involvement in priority setting. Methods: A convenience sample of 373 members of the public attending two central Sydney, Australia, medical clinics were asked to

Virginia Wiseman

2005-01-01

316

Representations of Australia and Indonesia in each other's media and changes to Indonesian media since the fall of Suharto  

Microsoft Academic Search

To address questions as to how Australia and Indonesia are currently portrayed in each other's newspapers, whether negative images persist and whether particular events have affected the way each nation is portrayed content analyses of articles from three case study periods were conducted. The samples were taken from two of each nation's newspapers: The Australian, The Sydney Morning Herald, The

Inez Mahony

317

Patterns of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Associated with Major Depression among Gay Men Attending General Practices in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Our aim was to clarify the role of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use in major depression among gay men attending general medical practices. A secondary analysis was conducted on survey data collected from 531 gay men attending high-HIV-caseload general practices in Adelaide and Sydney, Australia. The survey contained demographic, social,…

Holt, Martin; Bryant, Joanne; Newman, Christy E.; Paquette, Dana M.; Mao, Limin; Kidd, Michael R.; Saltman, Deborah C.; Kippax, Susan C.

2012-01-01

318

The Use of Sessional Teachers in Universities: Faculty of the Built Environment, University of New South Wales Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the issues and realities presented by the casualisation of higher education teaching staff. It uses a case study from the University of New South Wales [UNSW] in Sydney Australia. The research presents and analyses perspectives from two key stakeholders in a university [students and academic management] on the use of…

Marshall, Nancy

2012-01-01

319

A mid-shelf, mean wave direction climatology for southeastern Australia, and its relationship to the El Niño - Southern Oscillation since 1878 A.D.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coastal systems behave on timescales from days to centuries. Shelf and coastal wave climatological data from the Tasman Sea are only available for the past few decades. Hence, the records are too short to investigate inter- and multidecadal variability and their impact on coastal systems. A method is presented to hindcast monthly mid-shelf mean wave direction (MWD) for southeastern Australia, based on the monthly, trans-Tasman mean sea-level pressure (MSLP) difference between northern NSW (Yamba) and the north island of New Zealand (Auckland). The MSLP index is calibrated to instrumental (Waverider buoy) MWD data for the Sydney shelf and coast. Positive/negative trans-Tasman MSLP difference is significantly correlated to southerly/easterly Sydney MWD, and to long/short mean wave periods. The 124-year Sydney annual (MWD) time series displays multidecadal variability, and identifies a significant period of more southerly annual MWD during 1884 to 1914 than in the period since 1915. The Sydney MWD is significantly correlated to the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI). The correlation with the SOI is enhanced during periods when the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) is in its negative state and warm SST anomalies occur in the southwest Pacific region. The Sydney MWD was found to be associated with Pacific basin-wide climate fluctuations associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Southerly/easterly Sydney MWD is correlated with low/high MSLP anomalies over New Zealand and the central Pacific Ocean. Southerly/easterly Sydney MWD is also correlated with cool/warm SST anomalies in the southwest Pacific, particularly in the eastern Coral Sea and Tasman Sea. Copyright

Goodwin, Ian D.

2005-11-01

320

Subjective Social Support in Older Male Italian-Born Immigrants in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes differences in subjective social support between older male Italian-born immigrants in Australia and\\u000a their Australian-born counterparts. Data came from 335 Italian-born and 849 Australian-born men aged 70 years and over who\\u000a participated in the baseline phase of the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project (CHAMP) in inner suburban Sydney, Australia.\\u000a Social support was measured using the shortened

Fiona F. Stanaway; Hal L. Kendig; Fiona M. Blyth; Robert G. Cumming; Vasi Naganathan; Louise M. Waite

2011-01-01

321

Was an increase in cocaine use among injecting drug users in New South Wales, Australia, accompanied by an increase in violent crime?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A sharp reduction in heroin supply in Australia in 2001 was followed by a large but transient increase in cocaine use among injecting drug users (IDU) in Sydney. This paper assesses whether the increase in cocaine use among IDU was accompanied by increased rates of violent crime as occurred in the United States in the 1980s. Specifically, the paper

Louisa Degenhardt; Carolyn Day; Wayne Hall; Elizabeth Conroy; Stuart Gilmour

2005-01-01

322

Up-regulation of hepatic ABCC2, ABCG2, CYP1A1 and GST in multixenobiotic-resistant killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) from the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada.  

PubMed

Cellular defence against accumulation of toxic xenobiotics includes metabolism by phase I and II enzymes and export of toxicants and their metabolites via ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Liver gene expression of representatives of these three protein groups was examined in a population of multixenobiotic-resistant killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) from the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada. The Tar Ponds are heavily polluted with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls and heavy metals. The relationship among ABC transporters ABCB1, ABCB11, ABCC2, ABCG2, phase I enzyme cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) and phase II enzyme glutathione-S-transferase (GST-mu) was investigated by quantifying hepatic transcript abundance. In Tar Pond killifish, hepatic mRNA expression levels of ABCC2, ABCG2, CYP1A1 and GST-mu were elevated compared to reference sites, suggesting that hydrophobic contaminants undergo phase I and II metabolism and are then excreted into the bile of these fish. Hepatic ABCB1 and ABCB11 mRNA were not up-regulated in Tar Pond fish compared to two reference sites, indicating that these two proteins are not involved in conferring multixenobiotic resistance to Tar Pond killifish. The results suggest instead that liver up-regulation of phase I and II enzymes and complementary ABC transporters ABCC2 and ABCG2 may confer contaminant resistance to Tar Pond fish. PMID:19443023

Paetzold, S Christine; Ross, Neil W; Richards, Robert C; Jones, Martha; Hellou, Jocelyne; Bard, Shannon M

2009-04-18

323

Hopkinsiaceae and Lyginiaceae two new families of Poales in Western Australia with revisions of Hopkinsia and Lyginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Briggs, Barbara G. & Johnson, L.A.S. (Royal Botanic Gardens, Mrs Macquaries Road, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia) 2000. Hopkinsiaceae and Lyginiaceae, two new families of Poales in Western Australia, with revisions of Hopkinsia and Lyginia. Telopea 8 (4): 477?502. Hopkinsia and Lyginia are excluded,from Restionaceae and the new,families Hopkinsiaceae and Lyginiaceae established. DNA sequence data from the chloroplast gene rbcL,

Barbara G. Briggs; L. a. s. Johnson

324

Geothermal development in Australia  

SciTech Connect

In Australia, natural hot springs and hot artesian bores have been developed for recreational and therapeutic purposes. A district heating system at Portland, in the Otway Basin of western Victoria, has provided uninterrupted service for 12 Sears without significant problems, is servicing a building area of 18 990 m{sup 2}, and has prospects of expansion to manufacturing uses. A geothermal well has provided hot water for paper manufacture at Traralgon, in the Gippsland Basin of eastern Victoria. Power production from hot water aquifers was tested at Mulka in South Australia, and is undergoing a four-year production trial at Birdsville in Queensland. An important Hot Dry Rock resource has been confirmed in the Cooper Basin. It has been proposed to build an HDR experimental facility to test power production from deep conductive resources in the Sydney Basin near Muswellbrook.

Burns, K.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Creelman, R.A. [Creelman (R.A.) and Associates, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Buckingham, N.W. [Glenelg Shire Council, Portland, VIC (Australia); Harrington, H.J. [Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)]|[Sydney Univ., NSW (Australia)

1995-03-01

325

Patterns of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Associated with Major Depression Among Gay Men Attending General Practices in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim was to clarify the role of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use in major depression among gay men attending general medical\\u000a practices. A secondary analysis was conducted on survey data collected from 531 gay men attending high-HIV-caseload general\\u000a practices in Adelaide and Sydney, Australia. The survey contained demographic, social, behavioural and AOD variables. Participants\\u000a were classified into those

Martin Holt; Joanne Bryant; Christy E. Newman; Dana M. Paquette; Limin Mao; Michael R. Kidd; Deborah C. Saltman; Susan C. Kippax

326

Direction of stress, southern Sydney Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of in?situ measurements, seismic studies of the Robertson Earthquake of 1961 and the Burragorang Earthquake of 1973, geological observations made during construction of Warragamba Dam and the Pipe Head?Potts Hill Tunnel, and foundation investigations into dams in other catchment areas, do not indicate agreement as to the direction of maximum horizontal stress in the southern part of the

N. M. Gray

1982-01-01

327

Have the short-term mortality effects of particulate matter air pollution changed in Australia over the period 1993-2007?  

PubMed

The author investigates whether the mortality effect of particulate matter air pollution (PM10) has changed in Australia over the period 1993-2007. This period corresponds to an era of increasing Government intervention aimed at improving air quality and, as a result, a potential decrease in the toxicity of PM10. Evidence is found that the mortality effect of PM10 has declined in both Brisbane and Sydney. For Sydney we estimate that the effects of PM10 on total and cardiovascular mortality are, respectively, decreasing at the rate of 10% and 13% annually. We speculate that one possible reason for this decline could be a reduction in the toxicity of PM10. A difference between this study and a similar United States study is that PM10 concentrations have not been declining in Australia. This means that the observed decline in the mortality effect of PM10 is not an artefact of a declining PM10 concentration. PMID:23892067

Roberts, Steven

2013-07-25

328

Relative importance of natural and anthropogenic influences on the fresh surface water chemistry of the Hawkesbury–Nepean River, south-eastern Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fresh surface waters from the Hawkesbury–Nepean River, the major river supplying water to the Sydney region in south-eastern Australia, were sampled monthly during 1991 and analysed for major ions (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cl, SO4 and HCO3), nutrients (NO3 and PO4), organic carbon and trace metals (Al, Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Ni, Co and Mn). The chemical composition of

Scott J Markich; Paul L Brown

1998-01-01

329

Early Pulsar Observations in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The news about the discovery of the pulsar CP1919 reached Australia soon after the Hewish et al. publication in Nature came out at the end of February 1968. Immediately the Parkes radio telescope was transferred from scheduled observations to observe this new exciting object. Since pulsars have steep spectra, low radio frequency receivers were needed that were not supported by the Radiophysics Division of the CSIRO. As a result I, a staff member of the School of Electrical Engineering, Sydney University, was asked to come with my low-frequency receivers to Parkes and join in the first observations. Later the Molonglo Mills Cross radio telescope showed its suitability to pulsar discoveries and became involved in a number of important discoveries. New additional equipment aimed for the reception of pulsating signals had to be constructed in a hurry. In my talk I will cover the period 1968 to 1970 when I left Sydney for the Max-Planck-Institute in Bonn with its 100-m radio telescope.

Wielebinski, R.

2012-12-01

330

The Future of Interpreting & Translation: Keeping in Touch with a Changing World. Proceedings of the Conference (University of Western Sydney, Macarthur, New South Wales, Australia, April 1, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers from a conference on translating and interpreting include: "Babel and the Brain" (Philip Grundy); "Simultaneous Interpreting: Its Role in International Conferences" (Yvonne Hu); "The Past, Present and Future of Legal Interpreting/Translating in NSW" (Ludmilla Robinson); "What's In a Name?" (Terry Chesher); "Interpreting and Advocacy"…

Saunders, George, Ed.; Ginori, Luciano, Comp.

331

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

332

Research, Training & Practice. Proceedings of the Macarthur Interpreting & Translation Conference (2nd, Sydney, Australia, March, 1996). Interpreting and Translation Publications Series, No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference aimed to provide a forum for discussion of a wide variety of issues that relate to Interpreting and Translation, to share research results, training strategies and practice experiences, and to focus on the relationship between research, training, and practice. Papers include: "What Do We on translation and interpreting include:…

Western Sydney Univ., Macarthur (Australia). Language Acquisition Research Centre.

333

Time spent playing outdoors after school and its relationship with independent mobility: a cross-sectional survey of children aged 10–12 years in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Time spent outdoors is positively associated with physical activity and has been suggested as a proxy for physical activity of children. The role of children's independence in physical activity and time spent outdoors is less understood. This study aimed to assess how much time children spent playing outdoors after school, and to explore the relationship between outdoor play and

Li Ming Wen; James Kite; Dafna Merom; Chris Rissel

2009-01-01

334

GIS-Based Coastal Behavior Modeling and Simulation of Potential Land and Property Loss: Implications of Sea-Level Rise at Collaroy\\/Narrabeen Beach, Sydney (Australia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rising sea level potentially poses a threat to many coastal areas, thereby possibly affecting coastal environments, including human assets. Taking into account the precau--tionary principle demanded at the Framework Convention for Climate Change in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, coastal managers and planners are required to evaluate the possibility of both physical and economic impacts of sea-level rise. However, long-term

WERNER G. HENNECKE; CATHARINA A. GREVE; PETER J. COWELL; BRUCE G. THOM

2004-01-01

335

Research in Science Education. Volume 12. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australian Science Education Research Association (13th, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, May 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a selection of science education research papers, beginning with an overview of trends in science education cognitive developmental research and theory in the United Kingdom. Papers that follow focus on developments in studies of thinking and reasoning, including work on concept mapping and conceptual change. Closely…

Rattray-Wood, Laurie, Ed.; Ferguson, Peter, Ed.

1982-01-01

336

Converging Technologies. Selected Papers from the EdTech '90 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology (Sydney, Australia, July 4-6, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection contains 30 selected papers and abstracts of six additional papers from the 1990 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology. Titles and authors of the papers are as follows: (1) "Interactive Media into the Millenium" (Clark); (2) "Open Learning Centre Network Project and the Preparatory and Remedial Education…

Hedberg, John G., Ed.; And Others

337

The International Congress of the International Council on Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (13th, Sydney, Australia, July 30-August 3, 1970).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of the 1970 Congress of the International Council on Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (ICHPER), where the papers in this collection originated, was "New Endeavors in Health, Physical Education and Recreation." After the opening and the presidential address, there are three papers listed under the heading "General:""How Standard…

International Council on Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

338

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

339

Converging Technologies. Selected Papers from the EdTech '90 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology (Sydney, Australia, July 4-6, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains 30 selected papers and abstracts of six additional papers from the 1990 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology. Titles and authors of the papers are as follows: (1) "Interactive Media into the Millenium" (Clark); (2) "Open Learning Centre Network Project and the Preparatory and Remedial Education…

Hedberg, John G., Ed.; And Others

340

Water Ecosystem Services in Northern Australia--How Much Are They Worth and Who Should Pay for Their Provision?  

PubMed Central

There is ongoing pressure to develop the largely unaltered Daly River catchment in northern Australia for agriculture. However, a choice experiment among people in the region and in Australia’s largest city, Sydney, shows that people are prepared to pay substantial amounts to maintain the quality of its ecosystem services. The total stated willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a Daly River conservation programme was about $300, of which people would be willing to pay over half ($161) if the programme retained waterholes for Aboriginal people in good condition. The WTP for high quality recreational fishing and biodiversity values was $120 and $91 respectively. Using the average cost of a recreational fishing license in Australia ($35) as a basis for grounding the stated preferences in empirical values, as well as the cost of park entry fees and the amount of support society provides to agriculture in Australia, the total amount that the 110,000 people in the region are likely to be willing to pay for the retention of the values in the Daly River catchment is about $6 million, while the 4.5 million people in Sydney would be willing to pay about $81 million. A significant finding in this research is that, while fishing, biodiversity and agricultural values all have equivalents in the market economy, the value for which people were willing to pay most, the cultural value, has no equivalent at all and is thus receives almost no investment.

Zander, Kerstin K.; Parkes, Rowena; Straton, Anna; Garnett, Stephen T.

2013-01-01

341

Effects of backpacking holidays in Australia on alcohol, tobacco and drug use of UK residents  

PubMed Central

Background Whilst alcohol and drug use among young people is known to escalate during short holidays and working breaks in international nightlife resorts, little empirical data are available on the impact of longer backpacking holidays on substance use. Here we examine changes in alcohol, tobacco and drug use when UK residents go backpacking in Australia. Methods Matched information on alcohol and drug use in Australia and the UK was collected through a cross sectional cohort study of 1008 UK nationals aged 18–35 years, holidaying in Sydney or Cairns, Australia, during 2005. Results The use of alcohol and other drugs by UK backpackers visiting Australia was common with use of illicit drugs being substantially higher than in peers of the same age in their home country. Individuals showed a significant increase in frequency of alcohol consumption in Australia compared to their behaviour in the UK with the proportion drinking five or more times per week rising from 20.7% (UK) to 40.3% (Australia). Relatively few individuals were recruited into drug use in Australia (3.0%, cannabis; 2.7% ecstasy; 0.7%, methamphetamine). However, over half of the sample (55.0%) used at least one illicit drug when backpacking. Risk factors for illicit drug use while backpacking were being regular club goers, being male, Sydney based, travelling without a partner or spouse, having been in Australia more than four weeks, Australia being the only destination on their vacation and drinking or smoking five or more days a week. Conclusion As countries actively seek to attract more international backpacker tourists, interventions must be developed that target this population's risk behaviours. Developing messages on drunkenness and other drug use specifically for backpackers could help minimise their health risks directly (e.g. adverse drug reactions) and indirectly (e.g. accidents and violence) as well as negative impacts on the host country.

Bellis, Mark A; Hughes, Karen E; Dillon, Paul; Copeland, Jan; Gates, Peter

2007-01-01

342

Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae) is native to Australia, not New Guinea.  

PubMed

Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) is partly redescribed and illustrated. Its native range is shown to be in the cool-climate uplands of New South Wales, Australia. H. luxuriosa was originally labelled as collected by L.M. D'Albertis at Sorong in New Guinea. D'Albertis collected on Sorong Island in 1872 and spent the following year in Sydney, New South Wales, before returning to Europe with his New Guinea specimens. It is possible that D'Albertis himself collected H. luxuriosa in 1873, and that the mislabelling occurred later. PMID:24146549

Mesibov, Robert; Car, Catherine A

2013-09-05

343

Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae) is native to Australia, not New Guinea  

PubMed Central

Abstract Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) is partly redescribed and illustrated. Its native range is shown to be in the cool-climate uplands of New South Wales, Australia. H. luxuriosa was originally labelled as collected by L.M. D’Albertis at Sorong in New Guinea. D’Albertis collected on Sorong Island in 1872 and spent the following year in Sydney, New South Wales, before returning to Europe with his New Guinea specimens. It is possible that D’Albertis himself collected H. luxuriosa in 1873, and that the mislabelling occurred later.

Mesibov, Robert; Car, Catherine A.

2013-01-01

344

Water ecosystem services in northern Australia--how much are they worth and who should pay for their provision?  

PubMed

There is ongoing pressure to develop the largely unaltered Daly River catchment in northern Australia for agriculture. However, a choice experiment among people in the region and in Australia's largest city, Sydney, shows that people are prepared to pay substantial amounts to maintain the quality of its ecosystem services. The total stated willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a Daly River conservation programme was about $300, of which people would be willing to pay over half ($161) if the programme retained waterholes for Aboriginal people in good condition. The WTP for high quality recreational fishing and biodiversity values was $120 and $91 respectively. Using the average cost of a recreational fishing license in Australia ($35) as a basis for grounding the stated preferences in empirical values, as well as the cost of park entry fees and the amount of support society provides to agriculture in Australia, the total amount that the 110,000 people in the region are likely to be willing to pay for the retention of the values in the Daly River catchment is about $6 million, while the 4.5 million people in Sydney would be willing to pay about $81 million. A significant finding in this research is that, while fishing, biodiversity and agricultural values all have equivalents in the market economy, the value for which people were willing to pay most, the cultural value, has no equivalent at all and is thus receives almost no investment. PMID:23717611

Zander, Kerstin K; Parkes, Rowena; Straton, Anna; Garnett, Stephen T

2013-05-24

345

Research Paper - Utilising problem orientated policing strategies to reduce street based prostitution in Kings Cross, New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Illegal Street Prostitution: An innovative strategy to reduce crime through environmental design in Kings Cross. Background: There are clearly defined links between prostitution and drug distribution in the East Sydney area, providing a substantial and lucrative market for those involved in all forms of prostitution. In 2002 the local community of East Sydney was experiencing an increase in illegal prostitution.

Sergeant Gary Groves

346

Simple Strategies Aren't Always Enough for Bedwetting  

MedlinePLUS

... senior lecturer at the University of Sydney, in Australia. "However, there are more effective treatments such as ... at Westmead, and senior lecturer, University of Sydney, Australia; Trevor Resnick, M.D., chief of neurology, Miami ...

347

Australia examines gas industry's future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian natural gas industry, seeking to increase supplies to the eastern states, is debating how new fields in the North West Shelf can be exploited and still protect the national interest. The development of Australian Gas Light Co. price schemes for natural gas influenced the size and character of the natural gas pipeline systems. Plans for transmission to Sydney

1978-01-01

348

Groundwater and Contaminant Transport Modelling at the Sydney Tar Ponds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Muggah Creek estuary has accumulated contaminants from 100 years of iron, steel and coke manufacturing in its contributing watershed. The estuary, locally known as the Tar Ponds, contains sediments contaminated with PAHs and PCBs. A program of groundwater modelling was aimed at estimating current contaminant fluxes to the estuary and site streams, via groundwater. The conceptual model developed for

Mark King

349

Neoliberalism and Suburban Employment: Western Sydney in the 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past 15 years metropolitan planning strategies of the NSW state government have done little to address the spatial distribution of either employ- ment or labour market equity within the metropolis. In the fast-growing outer western suburbs, the government has focused on attracting business investment to increase the stock of local jobs and to improve employment 'self-sufficiency' — a

BOB FAGAN; ROBYN DOWLING

2005-01-01

350

Effects of Mentholation on Cigarette Smoke Emissions Sydney ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Battelle has conducted research using two types of test cigarettes: 1) commercial menthol/- nonmenthol brand pairs matched according to extant ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

351

Supporting Refugee Students in School Education in Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rarely do refugee students entering Australian schools possess the multiple forms of social, linguistic and cultural capital that are taken for granted in mainstream classrooms. While refugees of high-school age are assisted initially through Intensive English Centres (IECs), the transition from IECs to mainstream classrooms presents substantial…

Ferfolja, Tania; Vickers, Margaret

2010-01-01

352

In Four Four: A Sydney Writers' Festival Event  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four very special authors - Barbara Blackman, Brian Castro, Gretchen Miller and Gerry Turcotte - tell their own stories about nights spent dancing. Four extraordinary musicians - Sandy Evans (saxophones), Alister Spence (piano), Brett Hirst (double bass), and Philip South (percussion) - bring the stories to life through music.\\u000aAs the writers tell their stories the musicians respond to the

Gerry Turcotte

2002-01-01

353

Human immunodeficiency virus and female prostitutes, Sydney 1985  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and thirty two female prostitutes and 55 non-prostitutes who were tested for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were surveyed by questionnaire at this centre. The two groups were well matched for age and were very similar in other except for numbers of their sexual partners. Questions were asked about drug taking, sexual practices, general health, and episodes

C R Philpot; C Harcourt; J Edwards; A Grealis

1988-01-01

354

Depositional environments of the Triassic Gosford formation, Sydney basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

A matrix of the primary sedimentary features of modern depositional environments has been used as a key for the interpretation of the environments of deposition of the Gosford Formation, which comprises the uppermost 212 m of the Triassic Narrabeen Group on the Central Coast of New South Wales.The formation is interpreted as a fluvial deposit in in?channel and floodplain environments.

K. L. McDonnell

1974-01-01

355

A SETI Course at University of Western Sydney Macarthur.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a course based on the scientific approach to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Explores the biological and technological aspects of the search and the social implications of possible contact. (Author/CCM)|

Bhathal, Ragbir

1999-01-01

356

Estimating the economic impact of the Sydney Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper employs a multiregional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to examine the effects on the New South Wales and Australian economies of the 2000 Olympics. The Olympics are modelled over a 12-year period from 1994 to 2005, divided into three phases: (i) the Pre-Event phase, 1994 to 1999; (ii) the Event Year, 2000; and (iii) the Post-Event phase, 2001-2005.

John Madden; Matthew Crowe

1998-01-01

357

Development of stable isotope mixing models in ecology - Sydney  

EPA Science Inventory

More than 40 years ago, stable isotope analysis methods used in geochemistry began to be applied to ecological studies. One common application is using mathematical mixing models to sort out the proportional contributions of various sources to a mixture. Examples include contri...

358

Australia.  

PubMed

The smallest continent and one of the largest countries, Australia is a country of diverse geographical conditions and differing cultures of people unified by one predominant language and political system. Mountains, desert and rivers are some of the varying landscape features of Australia, although the climate and condition for most of the country is tropical. Original Australians, a hunting-gathering people called Aborigines, came to Australia over 38,000 years ago. Today the Aborigines compose about 1% of the population and live in traditional tribal areas as well as cities. The 1st European settlement came in 1788 from Great Britain. After World War II, the population doubled. Although the population is primarily composed of British and Irish immigrants, immigrants from other European countries such as Italy and Greece as well as refugees from Indochina, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos are a significant factor to the growing Australian population. Australian and Aboriginal culture has took hold and took notice in the areas of opera, art, literature and film. The Australian Commonwealth is based on a constitution similar to that of the United States government. The National Parliament is bicameral with both the Senate and the House of Representatives having a select number of elected officials from each state and territory. The Australian economy is predominantly reliant on the sale of mineral and agricultural exports. History, economic changes, defense, international relations and notes to the traveler are also discussed in this overview of Australia. PMID:12177993

1989-03-01

359

STROLL YOUR WAY TO WELL-BEING: A SURVEY OF THE PERCEIVED BENEFITS, BARRIERS, COMMUNITY SUPPORT, AND STIGMA ASSOCIATED WITH PRAM WALKING GROUPS DESIGNED FOR NEW MOTHERS, SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our survey of 500 mothers with children 0-5 years involving telephone interviews (n = 450) and focus groups (n = 50), we showed that 87% of mothers telephone surveyed used a pram for incidental activities, whilst 47% used the pram specifically for exercise. Factors preventing mothers exercising more included poor weather, lack of time, and poor quality paths. Ninety-two

Janet L. Currie; Elizabeth Develin

2002-01-01

360

Schooling responses to youth crime: building emotional capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study into schooling responses to youth crime in south?western Sydney, Australia. The project was a partnership between the New South Wales Department of Education and Training and the University of Western Sydney’s School of Education. Specifically, the paper analyses interviews with school leaders who were interested in understanding how to support young people constructed ‘at

Carol Reid

2009-01-01

361

Occurrence of tropical fishes in temperate southeastern Australia: Role of the East Australian Current  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dispersal of larval propagules is the major mechanism facilitating connectivity of marine populations. However, only a fraction of larvae settle in suitable habitat. For coral reef fishes, many larvae are advected away from coral reefs, often despite strong behavioural mechanisms (including swimming), and some may travel long distances away from the tropics. Here we document the occurrence of tropical reef fishes along the southeast coast of Australia between 2003 and 2005 and evaluate the role of the East Australian Current (EAC) in driving this pattern. In total we observed 47 species of tropical fishes from 11 families during the summer recruitment season (January to May) at locations spanning most of the length of the New South Wales coast (28° S-37.5° S latitude, ˜1700 km from the southern end of the Great Barrier Reef). Southern locations tended to have reduced richness and density relative to northern ones. In general, the southward extent of distribution of the most commonly observed species was well explained by their planktonic larval durations. Recruitment events tended to be much more episodic in Merimbula (37° S) than Sydney (34° S), but there was little evidence for interannual similarity in the spatial patterns of recruitment of individual species with exception of the numerical dominance of Abudefduf vaigiensis and Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Pomacentridae) at the Sydney location and of Chaetodon auriga and Chaetodon flavirostris (Chaetodontidae) at the Merimbula location. Despite strong evidence for the role of the EAC in the transport of these species at a coastal scale, we found little evidence that individual recruitment events were correlated with local increases in water temperature that would be associated with EAC ingress.

Booth, D. J.; Figueira, W. F.; Gregson, M. A.; Brown, L.; Beretta, G.

2007-03-01

362

Disease control during the colonial period in Australia.  

PubMed

The first permanent European settlers of Australia arrived in 1788 to establish a penal colony at Sydney, New South Wales (NSW). As the colony grew and wool production increased, more free settlers and emancipists developed farming in inland Australia. During the 1840s veterinarians commenced arriving in small numbers but they were not closely associated with the development and execution of disease control programs, which was left to lay inspectors of stock. The arrival of William Tyson Kendall and coordinated action with Graham Mitchell led to the establishment of a private veterinary college following the passage of veterinary surgeons legislation in Victoria. From this time, veterinarians came to be appointed to positions formerly occupied by lay inspectors and the veterinary profession was able to take up the role of planning and executing government-led disease control programs. From a colony relying on wool for export to the UK, technical advancements in meat freezing and pasture improvement widened the range and increased the quantity of exported products. Before the advent of veterinary advances, sheep scab was eradicated, a vaccine was developed for anthrax and glanders infection of horses was prevented entry to Australia. Graduates from the Melbourne Veterinary College spread across Australia and in this period a conservative quarantine policy was developed following inaction to control an outbreak of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and the escape of rabbits to form a plague across the continent. Coordinated control of CBPP had to await the next century and advancement of technology increased our understanding of bacteriology and immunity of infectious diseases. Veterinary services were provided to the militia sent by the colonies to the Boer Wars in South Africa 1987-1901 and the veterinarians from Victoria were led by an Australian trained veterinarian. PMID:21696369

Turner, A J

2011-07-01

363

A Round Table Discussion on Forensic Science in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manuscript is an edited transcript of a round table discussion held during the Australian New Zealand Forensic Science Society International Symposium held in Sydney in 2010. The discussants covered a variety of topics, including the management of science, the handling of quality issues, and the report on forensic science from the U.S. National Academies of Science National Research Council.

Max M. Houck; James Robertson; Bryan Found; Hilton Kobus; Simon Lewis; Michael Raymond; Paul Reedy; Alistair Ross; Claude Roux; Ross Vining

2011-01-01

364

Designing Cost Effective Water Demand Management Programs in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes recent experience with integrated resource planning (IRP) and the application of least cost planning (LCP) for the evaluation of demand management strategies in urban water. Two Australian case studies, Sydney and Northern New South Wales (NSW) are used in illustration. LCP can determine the most cost effective means of providing water services or alternatively the cheapest forms

S. B White; S. A. Fane

365

Serve sizes of grain based foods in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was conducted of the recommended serve sizes used on the labelling of 807 grain based foods sold in Sydney stores in 2000. These values were compared with the serve sizes used in a variety of food selection guides, including the Australian Guide to Health Eating (AGHE). In most food categories there was a great deal of variation in

P. G. Williams; B. Gibson; N. Smith

2002-01-01

366

Evaluation of radioxenon releases in Australia using atmospheric dispersion modelling tools.  

PubMed

The origin of a series of atmospheric radioxenon events detected at the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO) International Monitoring System site in Melbourne, Australia, between November 2008 and February 2009 was investigated. Backward tracking analyses indicated that the events were consistent with releases associated with hot commission testing of the Australian Nuclear Science Technology Organisation (ANSTO) radiopharmaceutical production facility in Sydney, Australia. Forward dispersion analyses were used to estimate release magnitudes and transport times. The estimated (133)Xe release magnitude of the largest event (between 0.2 and 34 TBq over a 2 d window), was in close agreement with the stack emission releases estimated by the facility for this time period (between 0.5 and 2 TBq). Modelling of irradiation conditions and theoretical radioxenon emission rates were undertaken and provided further evidence that the Melbourne detections originated from this radiopharmaceutical production facility. These findings do not have public health implications. This is the first comprehensive study of atmospheric radioxenon measurements and releases in Australia. PMID:20346548

Tinker, Rick; Orr, Blake; Grzechnik, Marcus; Hoffmann, Emmy; Saey, Paul; Solomon, Stephen

2010-03-26

367

Molecular Epidemiology and Spatial Distribution of a Waterborne Cryptosporidiosis Outbreak in Australia?  

PubMed Central

Cryptosporidiosis is one of the most common waterborne diseases reported worldwide. Outbreaks of this gastrointestinal disease, which is caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite, are often attributed to public swimming pools and municipal water supplies. Between the months of January and April in 2009, New South Wales, Australia, experienced the largest waterborne cryptosporidiosis outbreak reported in Australia to date. Through the course of the contamination event, 1,141 individuals became infected with Cryptosporidium. Health authorities in New South Wales indicated that public swimming pool use was a contributing factor in the outbreak. To identify the Cryptosporidium species responsible for the outbreak, fecal samples from infected patients were collected from hospitals and pathology companies throughout New South Wales for genetic analyses. Genetic characterization of Cryptosporidium oocysts from the fecal samples identified the anthroponotic Cryptosporidium hominis IbA10G2 subtype as the causative parasite. Equal proportions of infections were found in males and females, and an increased susceptibility was observed in the 0- to 4-year age group. Spatiotemporal analysis indicated that the outbreak was primarily confined to the densely populated coastal cities of Sydney and Newcastle.

Waldron, Liette S.; Ferrari, Belinda C.; Cheung-Kwok-Sang, Cristel; Beggs, Paul J.; Stephens, Nicola; Power, Michelle L.

2011-01-01

368

Perceived acculturative stress and sense of coherence in Chinese nursing students in Australia.  

PubMed

University schools of nursing in Australia are the main providers of nursing education programmes for international students. The large cohort of overseas students requires that universities, as education providers, understand their needs and the problems related to studying and living in Australia. An exploratory descriptive quantitative study was conducted to investigate 119 Chinese international undergraduate nursing students' acculturative stress and sense of coherence at an Australian university in Sydney. Two validated scales were used: Acculturative Stress Scale for International Students (ASSIS) and Sense of Coherence (SOC). Results indicated that overall Chinese nursing students had a moderate level of acculturative stress and sense of coherence. However, there was a significant difference in the level of acculturative stress among three groups of Chinese nursing students enrolled in the Bachelor of Nursing course, and SOC was negatively correlated with the level of acculturative stress. This study extends the knowledge of the experiences of Chinese nursing students studying and living in an English-speaking country. The study also highlights the need for universities to provide relevant support to overseas students to make their study journey smoother and more successful. PMID:21641702

He, Flora X; Lopez, Violeta; Leigh, Maria C

2011-06-08

369

Differing approaches to falls and fracture prevention between Australia and Colombia  

PubMed Central

Falls and fractures are major causes of morbidity and mortality in older people. More importantly, previous falls and/or fractures are the most important predictors of further events. Therefore, secondary prevention programs for falls and fractures are highly needed. However, the question is whether a secondary prevention model should focus on falls prevention alone or should be implemented in combination with fracture prevention. By comparing a falls prevention clinic in Manizales (Colombia) versus a falls and fracture prevention clinic in Sydney (Australia), the objective was to identify similarities and differences between these two programs and to propose an integrated model of care for secondary prevention of fall and fractures. A comparative study of services was performed using an internationally agreed taxonomy. Service provision was compared against benchmarks set by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and previous reports in the literature. Comparison included organization, administration, client characteristics, and interventions. Several similarities and a number of differences that could be easily unified into a single model are reported here. Similarities included population, a multidisciplinary team, and a multifactorial assessment and intervention. Differences were eligibility criteria, a bone health assessment component, and the therapeutic interventions most commonly used at each site. In Australia, bone health assessment is reinforced whereas in Colombia dizziness assessment and management is pivotal. The authors propose that falls clinic services should be operationally linked to osteoporosis services such as a “falls and fracture prevention clinic,” which would facilitate a comprehensive intervention to prevent falls and fractures in older persons.

Gomez, Fernando; Curcio, Carmen Lucia; Suriyaarachchi, Pushpa; Demontiero, Oddom; Duque, Gustavo

2013-01-01

370

Identification and characterisation of an ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariant (OsHV-1 µ-var) in Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oysters) in Australia.  

PubMed

Between November 2010 and January 2011, triploid Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oysters) cultivated in the Georges River, New South Wales, experienced >95% mortality. Mortalities also occurred in wild diploid C. gigas in the Georges River and shortly thereafter in the adjacent Parramatta River estuary upstream from Sydney Harbour. Neighbouring Saccostrea glomerata (Sydney rock oysters) did not experience mortalities in either estuary. Surviving oysters were collected to investigate the cause of mortalities. Histologically all oysters displayed significant pathology, and molecular testing revealed a high prevalence of ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1). Quantitative PCR indicated that many C. gigas were carrying a high viral load at the time of sampling, while the load in S. glomerata was significantly lower (p < 0.001). Subsequent in situ hybridisation experiments confirmed the presence of a herpesvirus in C. gigas but not S. glomerata tissues, suggesting that S. glomerata is not susceptible to infection with OsHV-1. Naïve sentinel triploid C. gigas placed in the Georges River estuary in January 2011 quickly became infected and experienced nearly 100% mortality within 2 wk of exposure, indicating the persistence of the virus in the environment. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences derived from the C2/C6 region of the virus revealed that the Australian strain of OsHV-1 belongs to the microvariant (µ-var) cluster, which has been associated with severe mortalities in C. gigas in other countries since 2008. Environmental data revealed that the Woolooware Bay outbreaks occurred during a time of considerable environmental disturbance, with increased water temperatures, heavy rainfall, a toxic phytoplankton bloom and the presence of a pathogenic Vibrio sp. all potentially contributing to oyster stress. This is the first confirmed report of OsHV-1 µ-var related C. gigas mortalities in Australia. PMID:23872855

Jenkins, Cheryl; Hick, Paul; Gabor, Melinda; Spiers, Zoe; Fell, Shayne A; Gu, Xingnian; Read, Andrew; Go, Jeffrey; Dove, Michael; O'Connor, Wayne; Kirkland, Peter D; Frances, Jane

2013-07-22

371

Orientations to the Future: A Comparison of Adolescents in Australia and Singapore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an event listing approach, this study examined the personal and societal future orientations of 15 year old males and females in Singapore and Sydney. Three aspects were examined: content, affect, and time-span. Overall, the study found that adolescents perceived their personal and societal futures in separate non-interlocking planes, seeing…

Poole, Millicent E.; Cooney, George H.

372

An analysis of recent survey data on the remittances of Pacific island migrants in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report initial findings from a household survey of Pacific island migrants and their remittances, conducted in 2010-11 in New South Wales (NSW). The study covers three Polynesian communities, Samoans and Tongans as in previous studies, but also Cook Islanders. We cover migrants in both Sydney and regional NSW. We quantify remittances of all types, formally and informally transferred, and

Richard Brown; Gareth Leeves; Prabha Prayaga

2012-01-01

373

Terrorism prevention, preparedness, and response in built facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To explore the risk management, crisis management and business continuity management (BCM) practices of facilities managers responsible for a range of major public and private buildings in Sydney, Australia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research method involved a survey of facilities managers responsible for the management of 27 potentially vulnerable buildings in the Sydney metropolitan area, Australia. Findings – The

Siaw Khiun Then; Martin Loosemore

2006-01-01

374

A Low Power Analog Front-end Module for Cochlear Implants  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTIONMODULE STRUCTUREVLSI IMPLEMENTATIONSIMULATION RESULTSREFERENCESSystems Engineering and Design Automation Laboratory,The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, AustraliaPhysics of Computation Laboratory,California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125,USASystems Engineering and Design Automation Laboratory,The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, AustraliaPhysics of Computation Laboratory,California Institute of Technology. Pasadena, CA 91125,USA970302\\/746674\\/C\\/724...

R. J. W. Wang; R. Sarpeshkar; M. Jabri; C. Mead

1997-01-01

375

Cosmopolitics, border crossings and the complex museum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collections documentation systems are powerful frameworks for organising, producing and controlling cultural knowledge. Drawing on the findings from the Australian Research Council Linkage project Reconceptualising Heritage Collections (University of Western Sydney and Powerhouse Museum, Sydney, Australia) and research undertaken using the museum’s Palestinian collections through wikis and focus groups with constituencies in Australia, Israel and Palestine, we illustrate the highly

Fiona R. Cameron; Sarah Mengler

2011-01-01

376

Bad blood: The contamination of Australia's blood supply and the emergence of gay activism in the age of AIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite subsequent revisions in the public's understanding of blood screening, HIV and homosexuality, the echo of these early charges remains. The Sydney gay community in particular is still frequently criticised by lawyers, the media, and people with medically-acquired HIV, for persuading the BTS to adopt 'soft' and inadequate measures to secure the blood supply. This article contends that the circumstances

Paul Sendziuk

2001-01-01

377

Socio-cultural reflections on heat in Australia with implications for health and climate change adaptation  

PubMed Central

Background Australia has a hot climate with maximum summer temperatures in its major cities frequently exceeding 35°C. Although ‘heat waves’ are an annual occurrence, the associated heat-related deaths among vulnerable groups, such as older people, suggest that Australians could be better prepared to deal with extreme heat. Objective To understand ways in which a vulnerable sub-population adapt their personal behaviour to cope with heat within the context of Australians’ relationship with heat. Design We draw upon scientific, historical and literary sources and on a set of repeat interviews in the suburbs of Western Sydney with eight older participants and two focus group discussions. We discuss ways in which this group of older people modifies their behaviour to adapt to heat, and reflect on manifestations of Australians’ ambivalence towards heat. Results Participants reported a number of methods for coping with extreme heat, including a number of methods of personal cooling, changing patterns of daily activity and altering dietary habits. The use of air-conditioning was near universal, but with recognition that increasing energy costs may become more prohibitive over time. Conclusions While a number of methods are employed by older people to stay cool, these may become limited in the future. Australians’ attitudes may contribute to the ill-health and mortality associated with excessive heat.

Banwell, Cathy; Dixon, Jane; Bambrick, Hilary; Edwards, Ferne; Kjellstrom, Tord

2012-01-01

378

CO 2 degassing and trapping during hydrothermal cycles related to Gondwana rifting in eastern Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intensive carbonate and clay mineral authigenesis took place throughout the Late Permian Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system in eastern Australia. We conducted isotopic and trace element analyses of carbonate and clay minerals from clastic sedimentary rocks of the Gunnedah Basin and the Denison Trough in the Bowen Basin. Rb-Sr isochron age data of the illitic clays are consistent with episodic hydrothermal fluid flow events that occurred in association with Gondwana rifting accompanied by alkaline magmatism at ˜85 Ma and ˜95 Ma. Stable isotope data of carbonate and clay minerals from the Gunnedah Basin are indicative of meteoric waters from a high-latitude environment as the main fluid source, whereas trace element, Sr and Nd isotope data highlight mixing of meteoric fluids with magmatic and/or crustal components, with a possible input from marine carbonates for some samples. Trace metals, oxygen and strontium isotopes of dawsonites from the Denison Trough are interpreted to have been mobilised by fluids that interacted with evolved clastic sedimentary and marine carbonate end members. According to the carbon isotope data, CO 2 for calcite and ankerite precipitation was sourced mainly from thermal degradation of organic matter and magmatism, whereas the CO 2 used for dawsonite formation is inferred to have been derived from magmatic and marine sources. In the low permeability environments (particularly in coal seams), the increasing accumulation and oversaturation of CO 2 particularly promote the precipitation of dawsonite.

Uysal, I. Tonguç; Golding, Suzanne D.; Bolhar, Robert; Zhao, Jian-Xin; Feng, Yue-Xing; Baublys, Kim A.; Greig, Alan

2011-10-01

379

Massive Cooper basin liquids project in Australia meets design and startup targets  

SciTech Connect

The Cooper basin has the most significant onshore petroleum reserves so far discovered in Australia. The Cooper basin liquids project, worth $1.45 billion (Australian), is now onstream. It is designed to recover LPG, condensate, and crude oil. This massive project was implemented within the development plan timetable and within budget. Early shipment of crude-condensate gained an early cash flow. The project was carried out by a consortium of 11 companies, known collectively as the Cooper Basin Producers, with Santos Ltd. as operator. Oil and gas are gathered from fields around Moomba, in the central Australian desert. At Moomba, the oil is stabilized and the gas sweetened, dehydrated, and run through an expander plant. Sales gas is transported by separate pipeline to major domestic markets in Sydney and Adelaide. Stabilized crude and natural gas liquids (NGL) are mixed and transported by a common line to Port Bonython on the southern Australian coast. At Port Bonython, the mixture is fractionated into LPG, propane, butane, condensate, and crude.

White-Stevens, D.T.; Elliot, D.G.

1986-01-20

380

The multipurpose time-of-flight neutron reflectometer “Platypus” at Australia's OPAL reactor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this manuscript we describe the major components of the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer at the 20 MW OPAL reactor in Sydney, Australia. Platypus is a multipurpose spectrometer for the characterisation of solid thin films, materials adsorbed at the solid-liquid interface and free-liquid surfaces. It also has the capacity to study magnetic thin films using spin-polarised neutrons. Platypus utilises a white neutron beam (?=2-20 Å) that is pulsed using boron-coated disc chopper pairs; thus providing the capacity to tailor the wavelength resolution of the pulses to suit the system under investigation. Supermirror optical components are used to focus, deflect or spin-polarise the broad bandwidth neutron beams, and typical incident spectra are presented for each configuration. A series of neutron reflectivity datasets are presented, indicating the quality and flexibility of this spectrometer. Minimum reflectivity values of <10-7 are observed; while maximum thickness values of 325 nm have been measured for single-component films and 483 nm for a multilayer system. Off-specular measurements have also been made to investigate in-plane features as opposed to those normal to the sample surface. Finally, the first published studies conducted using the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer are presented.

James, M.; Nelson, A.; Holt, S. A.; Saerbeck, T.; Hamilton, W. A.; Klose, F.

2011-03-01

381

Genetic Connectivity among Populations of an Endangered Snake Species from Southeastern Australia (Hoplocephalus bungaroides, Elapidae)  

PubMed Central

For endangered species that persist as apparently isolated populations within a previously more extensive range, the degree of genetic exchange between those populations is critical to conservation and management. A lack of gene flow can exacerbate impacts of threatening processes and delay or prevent colonization of sites after local extirpation. The broad-headed snake, Hoplocephalus bungaroides, is a small venomous species restricted to a handful of disjunct reserves near Sydney, Australia. Mark-recapture studies have indicated low vagility for this ambush predator, suggesting that gene flow also may be low. However, our analyses of 11 microsatellite loci from 163 snakes collected in Morton National Park, from six sites within a 10-km diameter, suggest relatively high rates of gene flow among sites. Most populations exchange genes with each other, with one large population serving as a source area and smaller populations apparently acting as sinks. About half of the juvenile snakes, for which we could reliably infer parentage, were collected from populations other than those in which we collected their putative parents. As expected from the snakes’ reliance on rocky outcrops during cooler months of the year, most gene flow appears to be along sandstone plateaux rather than across the densely forested valleys that separate plateaux. The unexpectedly high rates of gene flow on a landscape scale are encouraging for future conservation of this endangered taxon. For example, wildlife managers could conserve broad-headed snakes by restoring habitats near extant source populations in areas predicted to be least affected by future climate change.

Dubey, Sylvain; Sumner, Joanna; Pike, David A; Keogh, J Scott; Webb, Jonathan K; Shine, Richard

2011-01-01

382

Surface elevation dynamics in a regenerating mangrove forest at Homebush Bay, Australia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Following the dieback of an interior portion of a mangrove forest at Homebush Bay, Australia, surface elevation tables and feldspar marker horizons were installed in the impacted, intermediate and control forest to measure vertical accretion, elevation change, and shallow subsidence. The objectives of the study were to determine current vertical accretion and elevation change rates as a guide to understanding mangrove dieback, ascertain the factors controlling surface elevation change, and investigate the sustainability of the mangrove forest under estimated sea-level rise conditions. The study demonstrates that the influences on surface dynamics are more complex than soil accretion and soil autocompaction alone. During strong vegetative regrowth in the impacted forest, surface elevation increase exceeded vertical accretion apparently as a result of belowground biomass production. In addition, surface elevation in all forest zones was correlated with total monthly rainfall during a severe El Ni?o event, highlighting the importance of rainfall to groundwater recharge and surface elevation. Surface elevation increase for all zones exceeded the 85-year sea level trend for Sydney Harbour. Since mean sea-level also decreased during the El Ni?o event, the decrease in surface elevation did not translate to an increase in inundation frequency or influence the sustainability of the mangrove forest. These findings indicate that subsurface soil processes such as organic matter accumulation and groundwater flux can significantly influence mangrove surface elevation, and contribute to the long-term sustainability of mangrove systems under a scenario of rising sea levels.

Rogers, K.; Saintilan, N.; Cahoon, D.

2005-01-01

383

Newspaper Coverage of Women's Sports during the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games: Belgium, Denmark, France, and Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In general, women are well represented among sport participants and sport audiences but not in the media. Data show that women's sport is greatly under-reported and trivialized in newspapers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure press coverage during the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in the largest circulating Belgian, Danish, French,…

Capranica, Laura; Minganti, Carlo; Billat, Veronique; Hanghoj, Signe; Piacentini, Maria Francesca; Cumps, Elke; Meeusen, Romain

2005-01-01

384

Sydney Anglo - The Barriers: From Combat to Dance (Almost) - Dance Research 25:2  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between Renaissance courtly dancing, the art of fencing, and military drill, have recently been much commented upon. This paper explores one particular type of mock combat – the Barriers – where the spectacle moved increasingly close to choreography, but without ever quite becoming a dance itself. After a brief outline of the evolution of the Barriers, the paper

Sydney Anglo

2007-01-01

385

Sydney observatory Galactic survey. Potential for detection of extreme disk-crossing stars.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

First Epoch astrometric and radiometric information of a survey in the optical along the Galactic fourth quadrant is archived for further analysis in the time-domain A photographic survey of 1.9x106 stars down to B-magnitude 14.5+/-0.5 along the galactic meridian l=(330+/-5){deg},-64{deg}5 stars is provided for further investigation of the galactic disk heating by transient spiral wave or by GMC encounter. (7 data files).

Fresneau, A.; Vaughan, A. E.; Argyle, R. W.

2007-05-01

386

Assessing the accuracy of the Sydney Household Travel Survey with GPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few years, GPS has been used in a number of surveys in the US to assess the accuracy of household travel surveys.\\u000a The results have been somewhat alarming in that most of these exercises have shown that the standard trip-based CATI survey\\u000a conducted in the US under-reports travel by about 20–25%. It was decided to use GPS

Peter Stopher; Camden FitzGerald; Min Xu

2007-01-01

387

Evaluation of the MindMatters Buddy Support Scheme in Southwest Sydney: Strategies, Achievements and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Assessing the strategies, achievements and challenges of implementing MindMatters and the views of partner schools towards the buddy support scheme. Design: The MindMatters buddy support scheme (2007-2008) was designed to increase the capacity of secondary schools to adopt a whole-school approach to improving health and well-being of…

Khan, Raquiba J.; Bedford, Karen; Williams, Mandy

2012-01-01

388

Newspaper Coverage of Women's Sports during the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games: Belgium, Denmark, France, and Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In general, women are well represented among sport participants and sport audiences but not in the media. Data show that women's sport is greatly under-reported and trivialized in newspapers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure press coverage during the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in the largest circulating Belgian, Danish, French,…

Capranica, Laura; Minganti, Carlo; Billat, Veronique; Hanghoj, Signe; Piacentini, Maria Francesca; Cumps, Elke; Meeusen, Romain

2005-01-01

389

Evaluation of the MindMatters Buddy Support Scheme in Southwest Sydney: Strategies, Achievements and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Assessing the strategies, achievements and challenges of implementing MindMatters and the views of partner schools towards the buddy support scheme. Design: The MindMatters buddy support scheme (2007-2008) was designed to increase the capacity of secondary schools to adopt a whole-school approach to improving health and well-being of…

Khan, Raquiba J.; Bedford, Karen; Williams, Mandy

2012-01-01

390

A Salmonella Typhimurium 197 outbreak linked to the consumption of lambs' liver in Sydney, NSW  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY We identified an increase in the number of cases of Salmonella Typhimurium phage type 197 in New South Wales in February 2005. Cases were predominantly of Lebanese descent. To identify risk factors for illness, we conducted an unmatched case-control study including 12 cases and 21 controls. Eight of 12 cases (67%) and no controls reported eating lambs' liver (OR incalculable, P<0·05), and seven of nine cases (78%) and one of 21 controls (5%) reported eating fresh fish (OR 70·0, P<0·05). Among participants who did not eat liver, there was a strong association between eating fish and illness (OR 60·0, P<0·05). The fish was from divergent sources. Five cases had bought the liver from two different butcher's shops, which obtained the lambs' liver from a single abattoir. Consumption of liver is a risk for salmonellosis. Traditional dishes may place some ethnic groups at increased risk of foodborne disease.

HESS, I. M. R.; NEVILLE, L. M.; McCARTHY, R.; SHADBOLT, C. T.; McANULTY, J. M.

2008-01-01

391

Prevalence of and attitudes to abortion among migrant women in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, based on a socio-demographic survey, conducted in 1988, of 980 ever-married women of Lebanese, Turkish or Vietnamese\\u000a origin, shows that Turkish women had the most liberal attitudes and reported the highest incidence of abortion. More than\\u000a half of the Turkish women and only 10–15 per cent of Lebanese and Vietnamese women thought that a woman should have the

Farhat Yusuf; Stefania Siedlecky

1996-01-01

392

Heart research advances using database search engines, human protein atlas and the sydney heart bank.  

PubMed

This Methodological Review is intended as a guide for research students who may have just discovered a human "novel" cardiac protein, but it may also help hard-pressed reviewers of journal submissions on a "novel" protein reported in an animal model of human heart failure. Whether you are an expert or not, you may know little or nothing about this particular protein of interest. In this review we provide a strategic guide on how to proceed. We ask: How do you discover what has been published (even in an abstract or research report) about this protein? Everyone knows how to undertake literature searches using PubMed and Medline but these are usually encyclopaedic, often producing long lists of papers, most of which are either irrelevant or only vaguely relevant to your query. Relatively few will be aware of more advanced search engines such as Google Scholar and even fewer will know about Quertle. Next, we provide a strategy for discovering if your "novel" protein is expressed in the normal, healthy human heart, and if it is, we show you how to investigate its subcellular location. This can usually be achieved by visiting the website "Human Protein Atlas" without doing a single experiment. Finally, we provide a pathway to discovering if your protein of interest changes its expression level with heart failure/disease or with ageing. PMID:23856366

Li, Amy; Estigoy, Colleen; Raftery, Mark; Cameron, Darryl; Odeberg, Jacob; Pontén, Fredrik; Lal, Sean; Dos Remedios, Cristobal G

2013-07-13

393

The Effects of the Sunlight Regulations in Home Unit Codes in Sydney.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Whenever higher-density housing is proposed, some objections can be expected from area residents. Local Government, by regulatory controls on multi-dwelling buildings, seeks to reduce the causes of the objections. Thus there are regulations controlling th...

P. R. Smith

1970-01-01

394

Religious Belief across ‘Post-secular’ Sydney: the multiple trends in (de)secularisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cities were once thought to be crucibles of secularisation, where the retreat from religion and its expression would be most pronounced. This decline in faith was linked to the heightened levels of heterogeneity and cosmopolitanism within cities. However, there is recent evidence of both the continuation and of the recession of the secularisation process in contemporary Western societies, with the

Deborah Stevenson; Kevin Dunn; Adam Possamai; Awais Piracha

2010-01-01

395

When Cultures Collide: Planning for the Public Spatial Needs of Muslim Women in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Western multicultural democratic societies commonly hold two basic assumptions. First, that every person should have equitable access to and enjoyment of public spaces. Second, that everyone should be free to practice her\\/his culture and religion, subject to the national legal system. In reality however, such rights can be difficult to uphold. This is especially so given the growing complexity of

Carolyn Whitten; Susan Thompson

396

Equity and Local Participation in VET: Some Preliminary Findings in Sydney Postcodes. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|More attention should be given to the local dimension of equity research. A question that must be asked is to what extent there is an unequal distribution of opportunities to participate in vocational education and training (VET) that is mirrored by area of residence in both urban and rural localities. Questions must also be asked about the…

McIntyre, John

397

Student Engagement at Two Single-Sex Colleges: Hampden-Sydney and Sweet Briar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the 1960s the higher educational system in the United States has steadily lost its single-sex colleges; and as of 2008 only 51 women's and four men's institutions remain (National Center for Educational Statistics, 2008). Many of the previous single-sex schools have admitted members of the opposite sex, giving in to the national trend of…

Simms, Edith L.

2010-01-01

398

Enhanced surveillance of acute hepatitis B in south-eastern Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatitis B is a notifi able condition in all Australian states and territories. Medical practitioners and health facilities are required to report episodes of acute disease, while laboratories must notify on posi- tive serological results. In New South Wales laboratories are required to report only the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Without clinical information, laboratory reporting of HBsAg

Roslyn G Poulos; Mark J Ferson

399

RNA interference in nematodes and the chance that favored Sydney Brenner.  

PubMed

The efficiency of RNA interference varies between different organisms, even among nematodes. A recent report of successful RNA interference in the nematode Panagrolaimus superbus in BMC Molecular Biology has implications for the comparative study of the functional genomics of nematode species, and prompts reflections on the choice of Caenorhabditis elegans as a model organism. PMID:19014674

Félix, Marie-Anne

2008-11-13

400

Quality Assurance and Improvement of the Research Higher Degree Experience at the University of Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of the Research Training Scheme has been a strong reason for assuring the quality of the research higher degree (RHD) experience; if students experience poor supervision, an unsupportive climate, and inadequate infrastructure, prior research suggests RHD students will be less likely to complete their degree, with negative consequences for the student, the university, and society at large. This

Paul Ginns

401

Urban renewal in Asia-Pacific: A comparative analysis of brainports for Sydney and Kuala Lumpur  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the concept of brainports and application to a South-East Asian context. The “brainport” concept is relevant for analysing transformation of an existing physical and information infrastructure, but a key finding of the research project is that brainports can act as a key component of a new and emerging global creative infrastructure with features and capabilities that help

Suresh C. Sood; Hugh M. Pattinson

2006-01-01

402

Geographies of publicity and privacy: residential activism in Sydney in the 1970s  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australian cities in the early 1970s certain sections of the trade union movement banned work on inner-city construction projects considered detrimental to the urban environment: trade union 'black bans' were transformed into so-called 'Green Bans'. Associated with the union action was a ground swell of resident opposition to demolition and redevelopment. There has been much documentation of this important

K Anderson; J M Jacobs

1999-01-01

403

Experimental test of the Sydney Young equation for the presentation of distillation curves  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distillation (or boiling) curve of a complex fluid is a critically important indicator of the bulk behavior or response of the fluid. For this reason, the distillation curve, usually presented graphically as boiling temperature against volume fraction distilled, is often cited as a primary design and testing criterion for liquid fuels, lubricants and other important industrial fluids. Clearly, the

Lisa S. Ott; Beverly L. Smith; Thomas J. Bruno

2008-01-01

404

"Corsages on Their Parents' Jackets": Employment and Aspiration among Arabic-Speaking Youth in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many commentators have observed that late modernity has profoundly reshaped the nature of employment such that workers have become more reflexive, mobile, individualistic and entrepreneurial, free to re-invent themselves as they choose in a world of endless possibilities. Theorists of reflexive modernity suggest that the family unit and class…

Morgan, George; Idriss, Sherene

2012-01-01

405

Residence, social mobility and ractice theory: the case of Sephardic Jews of Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on residential mobility of an ethnic group within a complex linkage between religion, ethnicity and race. It places the triangular transactional relationship between white Australian gentiles, white Ashkenazic Jews and Asian (non-white) Sephardic Jews together with the strategy of residential movement, within the conceptual framework of Bourdieu's Practice Theory. In doing so, the study highlights the unique

Naomi Gale

1999-01-01

406

The Eurasian Female Hero[ine]: Sydney Fox as Relic Hunter  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to historical representations of women of color as victims and villains, the author argues that the portrayal of contemporary women of color as heroines can be linked to globalization, the economic power of Asian minorities, and prevailing discourses of multiculturalism. Drawing on the television series Relic Hunter, the author outlines the use of the racialized female hero as

Yasmin Jiwani

2005-01-01

407

Comparative Analysis of the Olympic Cultural Programs and Management of Barcelona 1992 and Sydney 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Originally, the Olympic Games were supposed to bring an opportunity for the enhancement of the arts in conjunction with the sports competitions. The Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, founded the Modern Olympics in 1896, inspired by the ancient Greek tradition of quadrennial celebrations of athletic and music contests held throughout Greece from 776 BC to 395 AD. Cou- bertin repeatedly

Beatriz Garcia

408

Italian Television Sport Coverage during the 2000 Sydney Olympic GamesA Gender Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to get a gender perspective in Italy of the 2000 Summer Olympic Games. The proportion of television airtime coverage of female athletes (29%) was close to the proportion of the Italian female participation in the Games (International 38%, Italian 28%), with no gender differences regarding the placement of women’s sport in the broadcast.

Laura Capranica; Fabrizio Aversa

2002-01-01

409

Populations of the Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata , vary in response to ocean acidification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acidifying oceans are predicted to fundamentally alter marine ecosystems. Over the next century, acute studies suggest that\\u000a the impacts of climate change on marine organisms and ecosystems may be catastrophic. To date, however, little is known about\\u000a whether the response of marine organisms varies within a species and whether this provides a potential “adaptive capacity”.\\u000a Here, we show that selectively

L. M. Parker; Pauline M. Ross; Wayne A. O’Connor

2011-01-01

410

Permian U-Pb (CA-TIMS) zircon ages from Australia and China: Constraining the time scale of environmental and biotic change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In eastern Australia, the interconnected Bowen and Sydney Basins are filled with terrestrial sediments of late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic age. These sedimentary units record significant evolutionary events of eastern Gondwana during the time interval between two major mass extinctions (end Middle Permian and Permian-Triassic), and also provide lithological evidence for the Carboniferous-Permian Late Paleozoic Ice Age of southern Pangea, considered to be divisible into up to seven discrete glaciation events in Australia [e.g., 1]. These glaciations are currently assigned ages that indicate that the last of the glaciations predate the end Middle Permian mass extinction at ca. 260 Ma. However, the estimates for the time and durations are largely based on biostratigraphy and lithostratigraphy that, in the absence of robust and precise radioisotopic ages, are unacceptably fragile for providing an accurate high-resolution framework. Interbedded with the sediments are numerous tuff layers that contain zircon, many of which are associated with extensive coal measures in the Sydney and Bowen Basins. Published SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages [2, 3] have been shown to be less precise and inaccurate when compared to ages applying the CA-TIMS method to the same horizons. Also within the late Middle Permian, the eruption of the Emeishan flood basalts in SW China has been proposed to have caused the end Middle Permian mass extinction [e.g., 4], though a causal link between these events demands a rigorous test that can only be provided by high-resolution geochronology. We present new U-Pb (CA-TIMS) zircon ages on tuff layers from the Sydney and Bowen Basins, with the purpose of generating a timescale for the Upper Permian of Australia to allow correlation with different parts of the world. Initial results, with permil precision, date a tuff layer within the uppermost Bandanna Fm. to ca. 252 Ma, a tuff within the Moranbah Coal Measures to ca. 256 Ma, and a tuff within the Ingelara Fm. to ca. 257 Ma, the latter two units lying stratigraphically below the latest identified glacial deposits. U-Pb (CA-TIMS) results on zircons from the Emeishan flood basalts and related volcanic products confirm the end-Guadalupian age (ca. 260 Ma) of the magmatism, and based on present data, place the Emeishan volcanic event (and its possibly associated mass extinction) within the occurrence of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age. This study’s primary goal is the establishment of a chronostratigraphic framework that would allow the integration of calibrated records from both terrestrial and marine units from different parts of the world in order to constrain the timing and rates of extinctions and recoveries in different locations and physical environments. [1] Fielding et al. (2008), J. Geol Soc. Lon., v. 165, pp. 129-140 [2] Michaelsen et al. (2001), Aus. J. Earth Sci., v. 48, pp. 183-192 [3] Roberts et al. (1996), Aus. J. Earth Sci., v. 43, pp. 401-421 [4] He et al. (2007), EPSL, v. 255, pp. 306-323

Denyszyn, S. W.; Mundil, R.; Metcalfe, I.; He, B.

2010-12-01

411

78 FR 40131 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Between the Government of the United States of America and Australia Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. DATES: This...Technology Organisation (ANSTO) in Lucas Heights, Sydney, Australia, to the Deposito de Materiales Nucleares (DEMANU)...

2013-07-03

412

How Do Pre-Service Teachers Cope with a Literacy Intervention Program in a Remote Indigenous Community? The Community Action Support Program in the Northern Territory, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines a new community education initiative, Community Action Support (CAS) that helps facilitate learning in Indigenous young people from Tennant Creek in the Northern Territory. CAS is an innovative partnership program between the Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation and the University of Western Sydney. The core aim of the…

Naidoo, Loshini

2012-01-01

413

Population genetics and management units of invasive common carp Cyprinus carpio in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia.  

PubMed

Common carp Cyprinus carpio were introduced into Australia on several occasions and are now the dominant fish in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB), the continent's largest river system. In this study, variability at 14 microsatellite loci was examined in C. carpio (n = 1037) from 34 sites throughout the major rivers in the MDB, from 3 cultured populations, from Prospect Reservoir in the Sydney Basin and from Lake Sorrell in Tasmania. Consistent with previous studies, assignment testing indicated that the Boolara, Yanco and koi strains of C. carpio are present in the MDB. Unique to this study, however, the Prospect strain was widely distributed throughout the MDB. Significant genetic structuring of populations (Fisher's exact test, AMOVA and distribution of the different strains) amongst the MDB sub-drainages was detected, and was strongly associated with contemporary barriers to dispersal and population history. The distributions of the strains were used to infer the history of introduction and spread of C. carpio in the MDB. Fifteen management units are proposed for control programmes that have high levels of genetic diversity, contain multiple interbreeding strains and show no evidence of founder effects or recent population bottlenecks. PMID:20738540

Haynes, G D; Gilligan, D M; Grewe, P; Nicholas, F W

2009-08-01

414

Assessing preferences of beach users for certain aspects of weather and ocean conditions: case studies from Australia.  

PubMed

Three well-known Australian beaches, Surfers Paradise Beach (Gold Coast), Narrowneck Beach (Gold Coast) and Bondi Beach (Sydney), were selected for analysis of beach user preferences for certain weather and ocean conditions. Regression methods were used to determine how the numbers of visitors to these beaches are affected by these conditions. Actual visitor numbers were counted at three times during the day over several months at each beach with the aid of web cameras. The corresponding weather and ocean conditions were obtained from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology and local government agencies. Weekly and seasonal factors were also considered. The conditions preferred by beach users, as found in this study, are: no precipitation, higher temperatures, light-to-moderate wind speed (less than 30 km/h) and low wave height (up to 1.25 m). This study, the first to provide an analysis of beach user preferences for both weather and ocean conditions, shows that ocean conditions play a significant role in explaining the demand for beach recreation in Australia. It is therefore necessary for tourism management authorities or local governments to provide accurate and timely weather and ocean information to local, domestic and international beach users. PMID:22661009

Zhang, Fan; Wang, Xiao Hua

2012-06-02

415

The revival of water fluoridation in the state of New South Wales, Australia, in the 21st century.  

PubMed

The State of New South Wales (NSW) in Australia has over half a century of experience with water fluoridation. Yass was the first town to be fluoridated in 1956 and Sydney in 1968, and by the late 1970s, approximately 90% of NSW was fluoridated. However, since then, there have been no new fluoridation schemes. In NSW under the Fluoridation of Public Water Supplies Act 1957, the decision to fluoridate rests with local government authorities (councils). Since 2004, the NSW Health Department has been proactive in promoting and extending water fluoridation to unfluoridated rural communities in an attempt to reduce oral health inequalities. This has resulted in 20 councils implementing fluoridation, increasing population coverage of water fluoridation from 90% in 2004 to 96% in 2012. When the remaining 16 councils that have been gazetted to fluoridate implement fluoridation, approximately 98% of NSW residents will have access to fluoridated water. This article provides an overview of the framework used to extend water fluoridation to many rural communities in New South Wales in the 21st century. PMID:22998307

Sivaneswaran, Shanti

2012-10-01

416

This is author version published as: Delahaye, Brian L. and Choy, Sarojni C. (2007) Using work integrated learning for management development: Some key elements for success. In Proceedings 21st ANZAM Conference, Sydney, Australia. Copyright 2007 (please consult author) Using work integrated learning for management development: Some key elements for success  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the use of work integrated learning as a means of developing managers and instituting strategically directed change in an organisation. A brief description of the case study organisation and the design of the organisation centred curriculum based on a learning cohort are provided. Eight key elements of the design are then identified and discussed. These elements include

Brian L. Delahaye

417

Reviews and notices  

Microsoft Academic Search

AUSTRALIA — A GEOGRAPHY edited by D. N. Jeans. 19 by 25 cm, vii and 571 pages, text figures, plates. Sydney University Press, Sydney 1977 (ISBN 0 424 00036 9) A$20 limpBRISBANE AT THE CENSUS, 1971: A SOCIAL ATLAS by G. T. McDonald et al. 40 by 30 cm, 116 pages, text figures, tables. Cities Commission, Canberra 1976 (ISBN 0642

J. M. Powell; C. L. Keys; Clive Forster; I. H. Burnley; Craig Duncan; A. Shepherd; Peter Phibbs; D. N. Jeans; R. T. Jackson; John Forster; John Langdale; Morgan Sant; B. B. Hewitt; Sol Encel; Peter J. Rimmer; David Lea; A. J. Parsons; Robert K. Murfet

1979-01-01

418

Obituary: Ronald N. Bracewell, 1921-2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ronald N. Bracewell, Professor Emeritus (since 1991) of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, and a true renaissance man of science, died of a heart attack on 12 August 2007 at his home. Ron Bracewell was born in Sydney, Australia, on 22 July 1921, one of the two sons of Cecil and Valerie Bracewell. He graduated from the University of Sydney

Vahé Petrosian

2009-01-01

419

Media Narratives and Social Events: The Story of the Redfern Riot  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses a narrative framework to analyze the role of newspapers in discursively reestablishing social order during times of social crisis and upheaval. Using the coverage by three diverse newspapers (Sydney Morning Herald, Daily Telegraph, and Koori Mail) of the 2004 Redfern Riot in Sydney, Australia, the article will explicate the way each paper narrates social actors, discourses, and

John Budarick

2011-01-01

420

Anzus and the American alliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

EXERCISES IN DIPLOMACY: THE ANZUS TREATY AND THE COLOMBO PLAN. Sir Percy Spender. Sydney, Sydney University Press, 1969. Pp. 303. $7.00.Australia's foreign policy IN the seventies. Papers by Hedley Bull, Kevin Cairns, Gough Whitlam and Max Teichmann. Townsville, North Queensland Branch, Australian Institute of International Affairs, 1968. Pp. 59, mimeographed. $1.00.

Norman Harper

1970-01-01

421

Schooling Responses to Youth Crime: Building Emotional Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on a study into schooling responses to youth crime in south-western Sydney, Australia. The project was a partnership between the New South Wales Department of Education and Training and the University of Western Sydney's School of Education. Specifically, the paper analyses interviews with school leaders who were interested in…

Reid, Carol

2009-01-01

422

In the shadow of the city: the fringe around the Australian metropolis in the 1950s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metropolitan plans were prepared in Australia from 1948 to 1962 for four of its five biggest cities - the state capitals of Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Adelaide. They contain the first analyses and proposals for their rural-urban fringes. The earliest, that for Sydney, is the most visionary and radical and defined a Green Belt to contain and shape a slowly

Raymond Bunker

2002-01-01

423

Science Education Using SETI as a Context for the NSW Stage 4 and  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the challenges in teaching science to secondary students in Australia is to make it relevant and exciting. This challenge has been taken up by scientists and science educators at the University of Western Sydney, Macarthur and science teachers in the south-west area of Sydney. In 1996 and 1997 over 20 science teachers introduced and evaluated a range of

Les Vozzo; C. A. Oliver; K. Silburn; D. Tweed

2000-01-01

424

Racism in the News: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News Reporting in Two Australian Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to probe for ideological construction of racism imbricated within the structure of newspaper reporting. The study focuses on news reports relating to a Vietnamese gang in Australia whose violent and drug-dealing activities have received publicity in two Sydney-based newspapers: The Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph. The analysis of these reports adheres to

PETER TEO

2000-01-01

425

The human and animal health impacts of introduction and spread of an exotic strain of West Nile virus in Australia.  

PubMed

Vector-borne diseases can have substantial impacts on human and animal health, including major epidemics. West Nile virus (WNV) is of particular international importance due to its recent emergence and impact in the Western Hemisphere. Despite the presence of a sub-type of WNV (Kunjin virus, KUN) in Australia, a potential ecological niche could be occupied by an exotic strain of WNV of the North American type. This study assesses the probability an exotic strain of WNV enters Australia via an infected mosquito in an aircraft from the United States (U.S.) landing at Sydney airport, the probability it spreads to susceptible species and the impact of the resulting outbreak on human and animal health. A release, exposure and consequence assessment were conducted using expert opinion and scientific literature to parameterise the inputs for the models (OIE, 2009). Following establishment of WNV in Australia, the spatio-temporal spread of WNV was predicted over a six year period based on the Australian human and equine populations at-risk, the known distribution of other mosquito-borne flaviviruses in Australia, climatic factors, and the spread of WNV in the U.S. following it's incursion in New York City in 1999. The impact of this spread was measured as a multiplier of human and equine demographics using the U.S. incidence and case fatality rates as a reference. For an 8 month period from September to April (considering seasonal impact on mosquito activity during the coldest months in Australia and the U.S.), and assuming WNV is endemic in the U.S., the median probability an infected mosquito is introduced is 0.17, and the median number of infected mosquitoes introduced is predicted to be zero, with a 95th percentile range of one. The overall probability of a WNV outbreak (WNV released into Australia, susceptible hosts exposed and the virus spread) occurring in the human and the horse population during this time period is estimated to be 7.0×10(-6) and 3.9×10(-6), respectively. These values are largely influenced by the presence of mosquitoes in aircrafts and whether the introduced infected mosquito contacts wild birds. Results of this study suggest there is a low risk of introduction and spread of an exotic strain of WNV from the U.S via aircraft, and provides an insight into the magnitude and impact of the spread among human and horse populations. The generic framework presented could be applied to assess the potential introduction of other mosquito-borne diseases (which involve a wild bird transmission cycle) via international aircraft movements. PMID:23098914

Hernández-Jover, Marta; Roche, Sharon; Ward, Michael P

2012-10-23

426

Orientations to the future: A comparison of adolescents in Australia and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using an event-listing approach, this study examined the personal and societal future orientations of 15-year-old males and females in Singapore and Sydney. Three aspects were examined: content, affect, and time span. Overall, the study found that adolescents perceived their personal and societal features in separate noninterlocking planes, seeing more pleasant, proximal, personal futures, and more unpleasant, distal, societal futures, especially

Millicent E. Poole; George H. Cooney

1987-01-01

427

CORSnet-NSW: Towards Statewide CORS Infrastructure for New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY CORSnet-NSW is a network of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) continuously operating reference stations (CORS) that will cover New South Wales and is an expansion of SydNET, which has been successfully operating in the Sydney metropolitan region since 2004. CORSnet-NSW is fully funded and managed by Land and Property Information (LPI), a division of the NSW Land and Property

Volker JANSSEN; Adrian WHITE; Thomas YAN

428

Is risk associated with drinking water in Australia of significant concern to justify mandatory regulation?  

PubMed

Presently in Australia there are no mandatory drinking water standards. Here we argue that the risk associated with drinking water in Australia is of a dimension discernible to warrant mandatory regulations. The catchments that supply the major metropolitan areas of Sydney and Adelaide, and the groundwater for the city of Perth have been seriously compromised by the encroachment of development and activities. Melbourne in the past has generally relied on a closed catchment reservoir system; however, population growth in the near future will sequester the full online operation of additional reservoirs, which have multiple land use catchments. In addition to the current landscape circumstances, the management of a water system in itself proposes significant issues of risk. Two critical assumptions that are unique to a mass medium substance like water and dramatically alter the appraisal of risk are: (1) very large numbers of people are potentially exposed, and (2) small changes in contaminant levels may have adverse population outcomes. It is also known that water reticulation systems frequently suffer from contamination problems caused solely by the distribution system, and optimal management of these facilities would best be served by statutory protected transparency and dedicated water quality programs. In 1979, an Australian parliamentary committee stated that an "uncontaminated water supply is" a "basic requirement for the obtainment of good health"; however, recent surveys of Australian water systems show many are not meeting basic water quality criteria, and many communities are not receiving regular monitoring or testing as required by government authorized Australian drinking water guidelines. Exacerbating this situation is the lack of reporting and statutory endorsed standardized procedures to ensure information is properly and promptly recorded and that data are centralized for maximum benefit. The evaluation of risk associated with drinking water in Australia is often hampered by inadequate or incomplete data. Lastly, regional and rural water supplies face a vast array of contemporary problems and experiences that include widespread usage of pesticides and agricultural chemicals. In recent years, the Darling River has experienced the worst algal bloom known to man, and this river system not only supplies a number of regional and rural towns with water, but eventually connects with the River Murray, which supplies the State of South Australia with approximately 50% of its water requirements. PMID:11494066

McKay, J; Moeller, A

2001-10-01

429

An automated, broad-based, near real-time public health surveillance system using presentations to hospital Emergency Departments in New South Wales, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background In a climate of concern over bioterrorism threats and emergent diseases, public health authorities are trialling more timely surveillance systems. The 2003 Rugby World Cup (RWC) provided an opportunity to test the viability of a near real-time syndromic surveillance system in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. We describe the development and early results of this largely automated system that used data routinely collected in Emergency Departments (EDs). Methods Twelve of 49 EDs in the Sydney metropolitan area automatically transmitted surveillance data from their existing information systems to a central database in near real-time. Information captured for each ED visit included patient demographic details, presenting problem and nursing assessment entered as free-text at triage time, physician-assigned provisional diagnosis codes, and status at departure from the ED. Both diagnoses from the EDs and triage text were used to assign syndrome categories. The text information was automatically classified into one or more of 26 syndrome categories using automated "naïve Bayes" text categorisation techniques. Automated processes were used to analyse both diagnosis and free text-based syndrome data and to produce web-based statistical summaries for daily review. An adjusted cumulative sum (cusum) was used to assess the statistical significance of trends. Results During the RWC the system did not identify any major public health threats associated with the tournament, mass gatherings or the influx of visitors. This was consistent with evidence from other sources, although two known outbreaks were already in progress before the tournament. Limited baseline in early monitoring prevented the system from automatically identifying these ongoing outbreaks. Data capture was invisible to clinical staff in EDs and did not add to their workload. Conclusion We have demonstrated the feasibility and potential utility of syndromic surveillance using routinely collected data from ED information systems. Key features of our system are its nil impact on clinical staff, and its use of statistical methods to assign syndrome categories based on clinical free text information. The system is ongoing, and has expanded to cover 30 EDs. Results of formal evaluations of both the technical efficiency and the public health impacts of the system will be described subsequently.

Muscatello, David J; Churches, Tim; Kaldor, Jill; Zheng, Wei; Chiu, Clayton; Correll, Patricia; Jorm, Louisa

2005-01-01

430

From Potts Hill (Australia) to Pune (India): The journey of a radio astronomer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper I recapitulate my initiation into the field of radio astronomy during 1953-1955 at CSIRO, Australia; the transfer of thirty-two parabolic dishes of six-feet (1.8-m) diameter from Potts Hill, Sydney, to India in 1958; and their erection at Kalyan, near Bombay (Mumbai), in 1963-1965. The Kalyan Radio Telescope was the first modern radio telescope built in India. This led to the establishment of a very active radio astronomy group at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, which subsequently built two world-class radio telescopes during the last forty years and also contributed to the development of an indigenous microwave antenna industry in India. The Ooty Radio Telescope, built during 1965-1970, has an ingenious design which takes advantage of India's location near the Earth's Equator. The long axis of this 530 m × 30 m parabolic cylinder was made parallel to the Equator, by placing it on a hill with the same slope as the geographic latitude (11 degrees), thus allowing it to track celestial sources continuously for 9.5 hours every day. By utilizing lunar occultations, the telescope was able to measure the angular sizes of a large number of faint radio galaxies and quasars with arc-second resolution for the first time. Subsequently, during the 1990s, the group set up the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) near Pune in western India, in order to investigate certain astrophysical phenomena which are best studied at decimetre and metre wavelengths. The GMRT is an array of thirty fully-steerable parabolic dishes of 45 m diameter, which operates at several frequencies below 1.43 GHz. These efforts have also contributed to the recent international proposal to construct the Square Kilometre Array (SKA).

Swarup, Govind

2006-06-01

431

Use of computed tomography in the setting of a tiered trauma team activation system in Australia.  

PubMed

This study aims to describe the patterns in the use of computed tomography (CT) imaging in the setting of a two-tiered trauma team activation system without a mandatory whole-body ("panscan") trauma CT protocol. A prospective study was conducted at a single inner city major trauma centre in Sydney, Australia. Adult patients presenting to the emergency department requiring a trauma team activation were studied over 1 year. Patients in the trauma consult group met predetermined criteria for mechanism of injury without vital sign abnormalities or clinical evidence of major injury. Full trauma team response patients were those who had abnormal predetermined vital signs or evidence of major injury on initial assessment. The outcomes measured were severe injury, multiregion injury and positive CT scans. Of the patients, 1,058 were studied of whom 63 % had at least one CT scan performed. The most common CT studies were CT brain in combination with cervical spines (23 %) and isolated abdominal CT scans (17 %). The full trauma response group was associated with significantly higher rates of severe injury (34 versus 8 %, p?

Dinh, Michael M; Hsiao, Kai H; Bein, Kendall J; Roncal, Susan; Saade, Charbel; Chi, Kee Fung; Waugh, Richard

2013-04-11

432

Genetic Connectivity among Populations of an Endangered Snake Species from Southeastern Australia (Hoplocephalus bungaroides, Elapidae).  

PubMed

For endangered species that persist as apparently isolated populations within a previously more extensive range, the degree of genetic exchange between those populations is critical to conservation and management. A lack of gene flow can exacerbate impacts of threatening processes and delay or prevent colonization of sites after local extirpation. The broad-headed snake, Hoplocephalus bungaroides, is a small venomous species restricted to a handful of disjunct reserves near Sydney, Australia. Mark-recapture studies have indicated low vagility for this ambush predator, suggesting that gene flow also may be low. However, our analyses of 11 microsatellite loci from 163 snakes collected in Morton National Park, from six sites within a 10-km diameter, suggest relatively high rates of gene flow among sites. Most populations exchange genes with each other, with one large population serving as a source area and smaller populations apparently acting as sinks. About half of the juvenile snakes, for which we could reliably infer parentage, were collected from populations other than those in which we collected their putative parents. As expected from the snakes' reliance on rocky outcrops during cooler months of the year, most gene flow appears to be along sandstone plateaux rather than across the densely forested valleys that separate plateaux. The unexpectedly high rates of gene flow on a landscape scale are encouraging for future conservation of this endangered taxon. For example, wildlife managers could conserve broad-headed snakes by restoring habitats near extant source populations in areas predicted to be least affected by future climate change. PMID:22393497

Dubey, Sylvain; Sumner, Joanna; Pike, David A; Keogh, J Scott; Webb, Jonathan K; Shine, Richard

2011-10-01

433

The University of Notre Dame Australia “making a difference” By Opening the Centre for Faith, Ethics and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Centre for Faith, Ethics and Society, was officially opened by Adjunct Professor Most Rev Anthony Fisher OP at the University’s Broadway site in Sydney on Thursday 22 October.\\u000aBishop Anthony delighted the audience with an account of Catholic ethics as remedying polarization in society. He reminded his audience that Catholics have the oldest and largest education system in the

Rebecca Palser

2009-01-01

434

Research and education: Committed to optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The creation of institutes dedicated to combining photonics research and education under one roof is helping the field to thrive. The latest country to embrace the idea is Australia, with the opening of a new institute in Sydney.

Won, Rachel

2009-06-01

435

ICSN 2010 Participant List  

Cancer.gov

International Cancer Screening Network 2010 June 23?25, 2010 | Oxford, United Kingdom PARTICIPANT LIST AUSTRALIA John Boyages, Ph.D., FRANZCR Executive Director Westmead Hospital Radiation Oncologist P.O. Box 143 Westmead Sydney, New South Wales 2145

436

A Random Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of papers presented at the 25th International Geological Congress held August 16-25, 1976, Sydney, Australia. Topics include precambrian geology, tectonics, biostratigraphy, geochemistry, quaternary geology, engineering geology, planetology, geological education, and stress environments. (SL)

Cochran, Wendell

1976-01-01

437

A Random Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented is a review of papers presented at the 25th International Geological Congress held August 16-25, 1976, Sydney, Australia. Topics include precambrian geology, tectonics, biostratigraphy, geochemistry, quaternary geology, engineering geology, planetology, geological education, and stress environments. (SL)|

Cochran, Wendell

1976-01-01

438

Half of People with High Blood Pressure Don't Know It  

MedlinePLUS

... 3, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages High Blood Pressure International Health TUESDAY, Sept. 3 (HealthDay News) -- High blood pressure, ... of Sydney University and the George Institute for Global Health in Australia, said in the news release. The ...

439

Notre Dame collaborates to establish new Palliative Care Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus has joined with The University of New South Wales (UNSW) to help establish a multidisciplinary academic centre in palliative care.\\u000aThis recently launched facility, the Cunningham Centre, will also be supported by St Vincents and Mater Health Sydney (SV&MHS) and the NSW Cancer Institute.\\u000aIt will be based at the Sacred Heart

Moira Saunders

2008-01-01

440

Australian Citreae with notes on other Aurantioideae (Rutaceae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mabberley, D.J. (Rijksherbarium, University of Leiden, Netherlands and Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Mrs Macquaries Road, Sydney, NSW, Australia 2000) 1998. Australian Citreae with notes on other Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). Telopea 7(4):333-344. Both subtribes of tribe Citreae (Rutaceae: subfam. Aurantioideae) are represented in Australia: the sole representative of 'Triphasiinae' is here referred to Luvunga Wight & Arn., in which the new combination,

D. J. Mabberley

441

Impediments to improvements in service quality in luxury hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to identify the key factors that impede service quality delivery in the context of luxury hotels (four- and five-star properties) in Sydney, Australia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The empirical dataset for this qualitative study was collected through 22 individual semi-structured interviews with senior hotel managers of ten luxury hotels in Sydney, Australia. The technique

Rayka Presbury; Anneke Fitzgerald; Ross Chapman

2005-01-01

442

Holocene fire history from the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area, New South Wales, Australia: the climate, humans and fire nexus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents a reconstruction of the fire activity of the last ~14,200 cal. years BP (before AD 1950) from Gooches Crater Right, located on the Newnes Plateau, approximately 150 km to the west of Sydney (~33°27?S, 150°16?E)\\u000a within the Blue Mountains National Park. Charcoal analysis and palynology were undertaken with the aim of untangling any inter-relationship\\u000a between climate, humans and

Manu P. Black; Scott D. Mooney

2006-01-01

443

Integron Gene Cassettes and Degradation of Compounds Associated with Industrial Waste: The Case of the Sydney Tar Ponds  

PubMed Central

Integrons are genetic platforms that accelerate lateral gene transfer (LGT) among bacteria. They were first detected on plasmids bearing single and multiple drug resistance determinants in human pathogens, and it is abundantly clear that integrons have played a major role in the evolution of this public health menace. Similar genetic elements can be found in nonpathogenic environmental bacteria and in metagenomic environmental DNA samples, and it is reasonable to suppose that integrons have facilitated microbial adaptation through LGT in niches outside infectious disease wards. Here we show that a heavily impacted estuary, exposed for almost a century to products of coal and steel industries, has developed a rich and unique cassette metagenome, containing genes likely to aid in the catabolism of compounds associated with industrial waste found there. In addition, we report that the most abundant cassette recovered in this study is one that encodes a putative LysR protein. This autoregulatory transcriptional regulator is known to activate transcription of linked target genes or unlinked regulons encoding diverse functions including chlorocatechol and dichlorophenol catabolism. Finally, only class 1 integrase genes were amplified in this study despite using different primer sets, and it may be that the cassettes present in the Tar Ponds will prove to be associated with class 1 integrase genes. Nevertheless, our cassette library provides a snapshot of a complex evolutionary process involving integron-meditated LGT likely to be important in natural bioremediation.

Koenig, Jeremy E.; Sharp, Christine; Dlutek, Marlena; Curtis, Bruce; Joss, Michael; Boucher, Yan; Doolittle, W. Ford

2009-01-01

444

Integron gene cassettes and degradation of compounds associated with industrial waste: the case of the Sydney tar ponds.  

PubMed

Integrons are genetic platforms that accelerate lateral gene transfer (LGT) among bacteria. They were first detected on plasmids bearing single and multiple drug resistance determinants in human pathogens, and it is abundantly clear that integrons have played a major role in the evolution of this public health menace. Similar genetic elements can be found in nonpathogenic environmental bacteria and in metagenomic environmental DNA samples, and it is reasonable to suppose that integrons have facilitated microbial adaptation through LGT in niches outside infectious disease wards. Here we show that a heavily impacted estuary, exposed for almost a century to products of coal and steel industries, has developed a rich and unique cassette metagenome, containing genes likely to aid in the catabolism of compounds associated with industrial waste found there. In addition, we report that the most abundant cassette recovered in this study is one that encodes a putative LysR protein. This autoregulatory transcriptional regulator is known to activate transcription of linked target genes or unlinked regulons encoding diverse functions including chlorocatechol and dichlorophenol catabolism. Finally, only class 1 integrase genes were amplified in this study despite using different primer sets, and it may be that the cassettes present in the Tar Ponds will prove to be associated with class 1 integrase genes. Nevertheless, our cassette library provides a snapshot of a complex evolutionary process involving integron-meditated LGT likely to be important in natural bioremediation. PMID:19390587

Koenig, Jeremy E; Sharp, Christine; Dlutek, Marlena; Curtis, Bruce; Joss, Michael; Boucher, Yan; Doolittle, W Ford

2009-04-23

445

Integron Gene Cassettes and Degradation of Compounds Associated with Industrial Waste: The Case of the Sydney Tar Ponds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrons are genetic platforms that accelerate lateral gene transfer (LGT) among bacteria. They were first detected on plasmids bearing single and multiple drug resistance determinants in human pathogens, and it is abundantly clear that integrons have played a major role in the evolution of this public health menace. Similar genetic elements can be found in nonpathogenic environmental bacteria and in

Jeremy E. Koenig; Christine Sharp; Marlena Dlutek; Bruce Curtis; Michael Joss; Yan Boucher; W. Ford Doolittle; Ching-Hong Yang

2009-01-01

446

Levels and Functions of HIV/AIDS Stigma within the Iranian Community Living in the Sydney Metropolitan Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This study examines the levels of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related stigma among the Iranian population and the factors that contribute to the formation of stigma within the study population. Design: A quantitative research design was used in this research whereby participants…

Hosseinzadeh, Hassan; Hossain, Syeda Zakia; Niknami, Shamsaddin

2012-01-01

447

Religious identity and ‘secular’ employment: a case study of young Muslim women graduates in the Sydney workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics reveals that Muslim women attend Australian universities in\\u000a greater proportion than non-Muslim women. They are graduating with qualifications that equip them for employment in the professional\\u000a workforce. While some elect to work within what might be viewed as a ‘protected’ environment in Muslim-run or Muslim-focused\\u000a businesses or organisations, many others enter the

Gai Scott; Majella Franzmann

2007-01-01

448

‘Shades of grey’: spaces in and beyond trafficking for Thai Women involved in commercial sexual labour in Sydney and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I explore the migration trajectories of some Thai women trafficked internationally for commercial sexual exploitation, suggesting that many figuratively ‘cross the border’ between coerced and consensual existence in volatile migrant sex industries during the course of their migration experiences, thus complicating debates around the notion of choice in ‘sex’ trafficking. In exploring these women's transitions I seek

Sallie Yea

2011-01-01

449

‘Shades of grey’: spaces in and beyond trafficking for Thai Women involved in commercial sexual labour in Sydney and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I explore the migration trajectories of some Thai women trafficked internationally for commercial sexual exploitation, suggesting that many figuratively ‘cross the border’ between coerced and consensual existence in volatile migrant sex industries during the course of their migration experiences, thus complicating debates around the notion of choice in ‘sex’ trafficking. In exploring these women's transitions I seek

Sallie Yea

2012-01-01

450

Gender differences in hemocyte immune parameters of bivalves: the Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea glomerata and the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata.  

PubMed

Many authors have highlighted a high inter-individual variability in immune parameters of marine bivalves. A high number of studies have reported the impact of external factors on hemocytes immune parameters such as temperature, salinity, pollutants or pathogens. However, only a few of them considered the impact of intrinsic parameters such as sex. Therefore, the present study assessed the impact of gender on hemocytes functions on two marine bivalves. Our results led to the conclusion that the gender contributes to this inter-individual variability. When studying the impact of an environmental variable, a pathogen or a pollutant, the sex of each animal should be determined and taken into account in the analysis and interpretation of immune parameters. PMID:22562017

Dang, Cécile; Tan, Terence; Moffit, Dylan; Deboutteville, Jérome Delamare; Barnes, Andrew C

2012-04-25

451

The Effects of the Sociocultural Context on Heritage Language Literacy: Japanese-English Bilingual Children in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What factors support linguistic minority children in developing and maintaining literacy in their heritage languages (HLs)? Very few quantitative studies have explored the role of sociocultural factors, especially in the development and maintenance of HL literacy. This paper addresses this gap by examining how the sociocultural context affects…

Oriyama, Kaya

2011-01-01

452

Injuries in professional rugby league. A three-year prospective study of the South Sydney Professional Rugby League Football Club.  

PubMed

In this 3-year prospective study, the incidence and nature of injuries incurred by a professional rugby league football club were investigated. During the 1989, 1990, and 1991 season games, 141 injuries occurred throughout the first, second, and under-21 age teams, which resulted in players missing subsequent games. The incidence of injury was 44.9 per 1000 player-position game hours, which is high when compared with other sports. Of these injuries, 37.6% were classified as minor, 34.8% as moderate, and 27.6% as major. The classification was based on the number of subsequent games missed: minor injuries caused a player to miss one game; moderate, two to four games; and major, five or more games. Ligament and joint injuries comprised 53.9% of all injuries, and the knee was the most common area injured (24.1%). The commonest specific injuries were to the medial collateral ligament of the knee and to the groin musculotendinous unit (10.6% each). PMID:8238710

Gibbs, N

453

The Wild Life of Pesticides: urban agriculture, institutional responsibility, and the future of biodiversity in Sydney's Hawkesbury-Nepean River  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural chemicals are a notoriously intractable source of environmental pollution. Offering enhanced agricultural productivity, they simultaneously risk degrading the ecological basis upon which agriculture depends. This paper considers chemicalisation as a cause of the erosion of aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem resilience, focusing on the Hawkesbury-Nepean River and the small-scale horticulturalists who supply the city's fresh vegetable markets, working under the

Roel Plant; Jeremy Walker; Scott Rayburg; Jacqueline Gothe; Teresa Leung

2012-01-01

454

Children's Reasons for Joining Sport Clubs and Staying in Them: A Case Study of a Sydney Soccer Club  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on youth sport within the sport coaching and physical education literature has tended to overlook the nature of experience and the meanings that sport holds in the lives of children and young people. This paper makes a contribution toward redressing this imbalance by reporting on a close-focus case study on children's reasons for joining…

Light, Richard; Curry, Christina

2009-01-01

455

The association between systemic inflammation and cognitive performance in the elderly: the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inflammation may contribute to cognitive decline and dementia. This study examined the cross-sectional relationships between\\u000a markers of systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein, interleukins-1?, -6, -8, -10, -12, plasminogen activator inhibitor,\\u000a serum amyloid A, tumour necrosis factor-? and vascular adhesion molecule-1) and cognitive function in 873 non-demented community-dwelling\\u000a elderly participants aged 70–90 years. Regression analyses were performed to determine the relationships between cognitive

Julian N. Trollor; Evelyn Smith; Emmeline Agars; Stacey A. Kuan; Bernhard T. Baune; Lesley Campbell; Katherine Samaras; John Crawford; Ora Lux; Nicole A. Kochan; Henry Brodaty; Perminder Sachdev

456

The effects of the sociocultural context on heritage language literacy: Japanese–English bilingual children in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

What factors support linguistic minority children in developing and maintaining literacy in their heritage languages (HLs)? Very few quantitative studies have explored the role of sociocultural factors, especially in the development and maintenance of HL literacy. This paper addresses this gap by examining how the sociocultural context affects general and specific aspects of Japanese literacy among school-age children of Japanese

Kaya Oriyama

2011-01-01

457

THE REDFERN-WATERLOO AUTHORITY: SYDNEY'S CONTINUING USE OF DEVELOPMENT CORPORATIONS AS A PRIMARY MODE OF URBAN GOVERNANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of the state in post-Fordist urban develop ment has been subject to extensive analysis and critique. While the end of the welfar e state might suggest that contemporary urban development is now subject to less state cont rol and to more market control, the reality is that the state's role has changed but no t lessened. Central to

Glen Searle

458

‘Crystal meth’ use among polydrug users in Sydney's dance party subculture: characteristics, use patterns and associated harms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To examine the characteristics of a small sample of crystal methamphetamine users (‘crystal meth’), and their history of crystal meth and other drug use; to assess the extent and context of crystal meth use; and to document the perceived psychological and physical side effects of use. Method: A sample of 45 persons reporting the use of crystal methamphetamine was

Louisa Degenhardt; Libby Topp

2003-01-01

459

Levels and Functions of HIV/AIDS Stigma within the Iranian Community Living in the Sydney Metropolitan Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines the levels of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related stigma among the Iranian population and the factors that contribute to the formation of stigma within the study population. Design: A quantitative research design was used in this research whereby participants completed…

Hosseinzadeh, Hassan; Hossain, Syeda Zakia; Niknami, Shamsaddin

2012-01-01

460

SEVENTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF FAMILY STUDIES CONFERENCE Family futures: issues in research and policy: Sydney 24 - 26 July \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature vs. nurture debate on whether it is biology or environment that causes human beings to choose certain roles and lifestyles is a perennial controversy in sociobiology, but since the seventies the debate has been extended to whether nurture, i.e. culture, can override biology and be a determinant of sex itself. This paper critiques the \\

Babette Francis

461

Late-magmatic mineral assemblages with siderite and zirconian pyroxene and amphibole in the anorogenic Mt Gibraltar microsyenite, New South Wales, Australia, and their petrological implications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mt Gibraltar intrusion near Mittagong and Bowral in New South Wales, Australia (lat. 34°27?54?S, long. 150°25?44?) is a small intrusive body of hypersolvus microsyenite emplaced into the Triassic Hawkesbury Sandstone of the Sydney Basin in Jurassic time, possibly related to extensional faulting. The rock itself consists of intermediate alkali feldspar with minor titanomagnetite and interstitial pyroxene ranging from nearly pure hedenbergite to ? Hd34Aeg65 in composition. It is crosscut by an irregular system of late-magmatic veins consisting of homogeneous alkali feldspar (? Ab50Or50), clinopyroxene evolving from sodic hedenbergite to zirconium-rich aegirine, arfvedsonite and siderite. During postmagmatic evolution of the veins, microcrystalline or amorphous silica precipitated together with calcite filling miarolitic cavities. The late-magmatic mineral assemblage of the veins indicate crystallisation (at assumed 700 bar pressure) at T = 650-670 °C, log fO2 = - 22. This corresponds to conditions very close to the magnetite-wustite curve. Zirconium-bearing pyroxene has a restricted stability field in the system SiO2-ZrO2-FeO-FeO1.5-NaO0.5-HO0.5, at moderately elevated peralkalinity and intermediate silica activity. Under such conditions, pyroxene and amphibole will act as effective sinks for Zr, preventing crystallisation of magmatic zircon or more exotic Zr silicates. The Mt Gibraltar microsyenite is therefore a rare example of an igneous rock in which zirconium is camouflaged in pyroxene and amphibole rather than forming its own minerals.

Andersen, Tom; Carr, Paul; Erambert, Muriel

2012-10-01

462

School of Education strengthens research profile  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia, Sydney’s School of Education is moving forward into new areas of educational research.\\u000aICT Lecturer, Dr Chris Campbell, has recently published The role of the Internet in primary school classrooms: From learning and teaching perspectives.\\u000aThe book is based on her PhD thesis and investigates ways in which the Internet is used to support

Moira Saunders

2009-01-01

463

Metals, nutrients and total suspended solids discharged during different flow conditions in highly urbanised catchments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stormwater discharged from highly urbanised catchments on the southern shore of Sydney estuary, Australia, has been identified\\u000a as the primary source of contaminants responsible for ecological degradation and reduction in recreational value of the waterway.\\u000a Effective management of this pollution requires knowledge of contaminant loads associated with various stormwater flow conditions\\u000a in three highly urbanised catchments in Sydney estuary catchment.

Hayden J. Beck; Gavin F. Birch

464

Book  

Microsoft Academic Search

Convict Women. By Kay Daniels. Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1998. Pp. xi + 276. $24.95 paper.Representing Convicts: New Perspectives on Convict Labour Forced Migration. Edited by Ian Duffield and James Bradley. Leicester University Press, London, 1997. Pp. xxii + 224. £49.95 cloth.Irish Women in Colonial Australia. Edited by Trevor McClaughlin. Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1998. Pp. xvii + 229. $24.95

Jan Kociumbas; A. G. L. Shaw; Helen Doyle; Lucy Frost; Raelene Frances; Toni Schofield; Danny Keenan; John Chesterman; Peter Love; Tina Caruso; Beverley Kingston; Colin Holden; R. J. W. Selleck; Ross Mcmullin; Andrew Moore; Robert Hyslop; Paul Dibley; Terry Irving; Jane Elliott; Renate Howe; Catriona Elder

1999-01-01

465

JAS review of books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clive Moore, Sunshine and Rainbows: The Development of Gay and Lesbian Culture in Queensland, St Lucia, University of Qld Press, 2001, pp 244, pb S29.95.Peter Spearritt, Sydney's Century: A History, University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, 2000, 319 pp, hb $79.95.Patrick O'Farrell, The Irish in Australia, University of New South Wales Press, 2000, pp 384, pb $35.00.Robert Dixon, Prosthetic

Geoff Parkes; Jock Collins; Dymphna Lonergan; Ron Blaber; Roy Schreiber; Andrew Jakubowicz; Greg Hughes; Michele McFarland; Philip Burgess; Ali Alizadeh; Robert Imre; Lorenzo Veracini; Jim Crosthwaite; Denise Woods; Melissa Bellanta; Martin Thomas; Belinda McGill; Bruce Johnson; Jaroslav Kusnir; Barbara Bush

2001-01-01

466

Studies of line failure focus on cracking conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory tests of steel specimens from the original failed sections of the Moomba-to-Sydney, Australia, natural-gas pipeline and from replacement sections' steels focused on conditions promoting crack growth. This paper presents a discussion of an analyses following the 1982 failure. At various stages following the failure on the Moomba-Sydney line, its repair and refurbishment, questions were raised about the integrity of

T. N. Baker; C. G. Rochfort; R. N. Parkins

1987-01-01

467

Environment Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Environment and Heritage Web site, Environment Australia, gives an overview of environmental concerns of the country. Topics covered include the atmosphere, biodiversity, coasts and oceans, inland waters, land management, meteorology, and more. The site gives an interesting look into the unique problems and concerns that Australia is faced with and what its governmental agencies are doing to protect its resources. Many additional links are available on the main page for those interested in more information, such as databases and publications.

2001-01-01

468

Picture Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Picture Australia is a cross-collection search tool for finding images from the National Library of Australia and half a dozen other institutions: the National Archives; Australian War Memorial; State Libraries of Victoria, New South Wales, and Tasmania; and the University of Queensland. Librarians and database designers will be interested to know that the cross-collection searching is achieved by using harvested Dublin Core metadata stored in a central index at the National Library, while the digital images remain at their home institutions. Other users will simply be happy to find so many images of Australia, covering a diversity of topics, so easily. There are three ways to approach Picture Australia: picture search, a simple keyword search, or advanced search, which allows users to select and combine Dublin Core elements. In addition, users can follow "trails" to view images culled from all contributing collections, organized around themes, such as Australians and the Olympics (449 images of Olympic history since 1956), Australian Artists (230 portraits of Australian artists), Realia (all kinds of objects from Australian museums, from scrimshaw to costume), or Australian Wildflowers (botanical drawings, photographs, and a few botanists). Images1, the online pictorial collections of the National Library of Australia (reviewed in the October 15, 1999 Scout Report_), is one of the collections that is searched via Picture Australia.

469

Mary MacKillop inspires young film makers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mary Mackillop Canonisation celebrations were kick started last week when The University of Notre Dame Australia, Archdiocese of Sydney, Xt3 and Sisters of St Joseph announced the Looking for Mary video competition winners. Notre Dame is the major sponsor of this joint initiative. The competition was aimed to help young people engage with Australia’s first saint and encourage them to

Moira Saunders

2010-01-01

470

Comparison of performance of final-year students from three Australian medical schools.  

PubMed

Between 1984 and 1986, 888 final-year medical students from The Universities of Sydney, Western Australia and Newcastle took part in trial examinations that comprised multiple-choice questions, modified essay questions and a patient management problem. Differences in student performance among the schools were small. In 1984 and 1985, Newcastle students performed less well than did Sydney students on multiple-choice questions that were prepared by The University of Sydney, but there was no difference between the schools in 1986. Sydney students performed better than did Newcastle students on the multiple-choice question paper that was prepared by The University of New South Wales in 1984, but in the last two years no differences have been detected between the schools in performance on this paper. The performance on modified essay questions in 1984 suggested that Newcastle students were stronger in behavioural sciences and weaker in pathological sciences than were Sydney students. Sydney students performed less well than did Newcastle students in the patient management problem in 1985, particularly in the area of the use of clinical investigations. On the one occasion of testing that involved students from The University of Western Australia (in 1985), these students performed best of the three schools in the patient management problem, and roughly equally with students from Sydney and Newcastle in the multiple-choice question papers. Differences among the schools usually amounted to less than 10% and might have been accounted for by differences in familiarity with test instruments. We conclude that medical students are likely to graduate from The University of Sydney, Western Australia and Newcastle with similar levels of knowledge of internal medicine. Possible differences in problem-solving ability require further study, particularly in the clinical setting. PMID:3657675

Saunders, N A; McIntosh, J; Prince, R L; Feletti, G I; Engel, C E; Lawrence, J R; Pitney, W R; Hughes, J L; Marshall, J R

1987-10-19

471

Geoscience Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Australian Government, Geoscience Australia is an expansive website featuring the research and geospatial information the agency provides for the benefit of economic, environmental, and social communities. Visitors can obtain Australian maps for a variety of geologic datasets including the geomagnetic fields, gravity surveys, and crustal elements. The online tools provide data of recent earthquakes and sunrise and sunset times. Students and teachers can find fun, educational online activities dealing with remote sensing, minerals, and the Australian geography. Anyone interested in Australia's geologic and geographic environment from its geodesy to its marine and coastal environments will want to visit this vast website.

472

Indigenous Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Indigenous Australia Website, presented in affiliation with the Australian Museum and the Australia's Cultural Network, combines two Websites -- Dreaming Online and Stories of the Dreaming (see the July 16, 1999 Scout Report) -- into one comprehensive resource. An engaging introduction to the 60,000-year-old cultural heritage of Australia's Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders, the site is divided into four main sections: Background Info, Stories of the Dreaming, For Kids, and For Teachers. The Background section provides users with a nice overview, accompanied by images, of art and dress, spiritual and family life, the relationship of indigenous peoples to the land, and their interactions with British colonists, as well as a fairly detailed timeline. Stories of the Dreaming offers short movies of people reciting the tales from their ancestors about the land, sea, and animals. These were filmed in the rugged backdrop of Australia and are available as low or high quality videos (RealPlayer) or as audio or text only. The Teachers and Kids pages supply additional resources including links, a glossary, a FAQ, and advice on teaching lessons in indigenous studies.

473

Using Comprehensive Biophysical Characterisation of Hydro-Geologic Landscapes to Constrain Surficial and Subsurface Fluid Flow and Solute Transport: An Example from Southern Rivers in Southeast Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The geology in the transect from Canberra to the east coast of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, consists of three major groups. These include the rocks of the Palaeozoic Lachlan Fold Belt, Mesozoic Sydney Basin sediments and Cainozoic sediments. The Lachlan Fold Belt lithologies, in the study area, are characterised by an intensely deformed Ordovician turbidite basement overlain by Silurian and Devonian rift successions, with siliciclastic and volcanogenic sediment fill, bimodal volcanics and associated granitic intrusions. These rocks are unconformably overlain by thick, relatively flat-lying, Permo-Triassic glacial-periglacial, fluvial and shallow marine siliciclastic sediments of the Sydney Basin. Localised areas of Cainozoic gravels cover the palaeo-landscapes developed on the older rocks, and modern fluvial and coastal processes continue to modify the landscape. Salt is concentrated in this landscape through aeolian accession, deposition from oceanic aerosols, or rarely as fossil (connate) salts. The redistribution of salts by the process of aeolian accession typically takes place when the salts are coupled with windblown dust known as parna. For south-eastern NSW, this dust originates from areas which are more arid, such as the western regions of the NSW and Victorian states. Aerosols from the ocean can be responsible for the deposition of salts up to a few hundred kilometres from their source. This process is responsible for a significant contribution of salt in the south-east of NSW, especially on the coastal plains and the eastern Southern Highlands. The presence of connate fluids is commonly associated with marine derived sediments. While many of the geological units of the Lachlan Fold Belt were marine deposits, these units have undergone up to four major folding and faulting events and many minor deformations. It is commonly believed that these units have been too intensely deformed, upthrust, eroded and flushed to allow the retention of any original salts deposited at the time of formation. In addition, many of the sedimentary units were formed in a fluvial environment and did not have associated marine salts at the time of formation. In lowland areas, where landscapes are dominated by unconsolidated sediments, salts can be deposited and redeposited as solid grains, they can crystallise in pore spaces in the sediments and they can be adsorbed onto iron oxides and clay minerals. These salts can also be dissolved and mobilised into surface and groundwater systems and move through the landscape in this manner. In upland areas, the processes of distribution, storage and mobilisation of salts are similar, however there is typically more rock outcrop and the structure of the landscape is influenced by distribution of weathering products and unconsolidated materials. To improve the understanding of the way in which salt is mobilised in different landscapes, it is important to understand the way in which water moves through the landscape, as it is the principle agent involved in the weathering of rocks to form regolith, and water mobilises salts contained in the regolith and fractured rock. Biophysical characterisation of the landscapes developed on each of these geological units allows the constraint of salt storage and distribution across these landscapes. This can be used to inform the development of conceptual models for saline fluid flow. Development of Hydro-Geologic Landscape polygons, a scaled and modified Groundwater Flow Systems approach, describes areas with like biophysical characteristics within a landscape, and hence like salt storage capacity and fluid flow parameters. Initially this work was used to characterise landscape areas for regional natural resource management (NRM) decision making, but at more detailed scale it has proven to be a useful applied tool for on-ground agricultural management and NRM at catchment and sub-catchment scale. Further, this work helps define a range of other NRM issues in addition to the storage and release of salts across the landscape. The Hydro-Geologic Landscape mo

Harvey, K.; Moore, C. L.

2009-04-01

474

Contextual profiles of young adult Ecstasy users: a multisite study  

PubMed Central

These analyses assess contextual profiles of 612 young adult Ecstasy users, 18–30 years of age, from St. Louis (USA), Miami (USA) and Sydney (Australia). Bivariate analyses revealed different contextual factors influencing Ecstasy use. Friends were the most common sources of Ecstasy at all sites and most used with friends. St. Louis and Miami use mostly occurred in residences, whereas in Sydney use was mostly at clubs, bars or restaurants. Ecstasy consumption at public places and in cars, trains or ferries was significantly higher in Miami (89% and 77%) than in St. Louis (67% and 65%) and Sydney (67% and 61%). At all sites, simultaneous use of LSD/mushroom and nitrous oxide with Ecstasy was common; concurrent amphetamines predominated in Sydney and heroin/opiates in St. Louis Contextual factors influencing Ecstasy use among young adults vary by geographic region. Their inclusion may help tailor effective prevention programs to reduce or ameliorate Ecstasy use.

Ramtekkar, Ujjwal P.; Striley, Catherine W; Cottler, Linda B

2010-01-01

475

Australian politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

David Black (ed.),The House on the Hill: A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832–1990(Perth: Parliament of Western Australia, 1991) pp.558. $n.p. ISBN 0 7309 3983 9.D.H. Borchardt,Commissions of Inquiry in Australia: A Brief Surrey(Melbourne: La Trobe University Press, 1991) pp.107. $24.95 ISBN 1 86324 011X.John Connell and Richard Howitt (eds),Mining and Indigenous Peoples in Australasia(Sydney: Sydney University Press

Ralph J. K. Chapman; David Lee; Ian Keen; Simon Fry; John Halligan; Malcolm Mackerras; Stephen Bottomley; William Maley; Andrew Norton; M. W. Jackson; Madeleine Grieve; Chris Schacht; Russell Trood; T. B. Millar; Jacinta OHagan; Robert F. Miller; Dennis Woodward; John Uhr; Andrew Parkin; Simon Duke; Michael Sullivan; Ian McAllister; Robert J. Maddox; Ralph Newmark; Robert Springborg; G. M. Dillon; Peter Shearman; Stephen R. Niblo; J. L. Richardson; Tony Mughan; W. G. McMinn; Helen Pringle; Wayne Cristaudo; David W. Lovell; Rick Kuhn; Bill Brugger; C. L. Ten; David Tucker; John Burnheim; David West; Janna Thompson

1992-01-01

476

Twenty two cases of canine neural angiostronglyosis in eastern Australia (2002-2005) and a review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Cases of canine neural angiostrongylosis (NA) with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evaluations in the peer-reviewed literature were tabulated. All cases were from Australia. A retrospective cohort of 59 dogs was contrasted with a series of 22 new cases where NA was diagnosed by the presence of both eosinophilic pleocytosis and anti-Angiostrongylus cantonensis immunloglobulins (IgG) in CSF, determined by ELISA or Western blot. Both cohorts were drawn from south east Queensland and Sydney. The retrospective cohort comprised mostly pups presented for hind limb weakness with hyperaesthesia, a mixture of upper motor neurone (UMN) and lower motor neurone (LMN) signs in the hind limbs and urinary incontinence. Signs were attributed to larval migration through peripheral nerves, nerve roots, spinal cord and brain associated with an ascending eosinophilic meningo-encephomyelitis. The contemporary cohort consisted of a mixture of pups, young adult and mature dogs, with a wider range of signs including (i) paraparesis/proprioceptive ataxia (ii) lumbar and tail base hyperaesthesia, (iii) multi-focal central nervous system dysfunction, or (iv) focal disease with neck pain, cranial neuropathy and altered mentation. Cases were seen throughout the year, most between April and July (inclusive). There was a preponderance of large breeds. Often littermates, or multiple animals from the same kennel, were affected simultaneously or sequentially. A presumptive diagnosis was based on consistent signs, proximity to rats, ingestion/chewing of slugs or snails and eosinophilic pleocytosis. NA was diagnosed by demonstrating anti-A. cantonensis IgG in CSF. Detecting anti-A. cantonensis IgG in serum was unhelpful because many normal dogs (20/21 lb dogs; 8/22 of a hospital population) had such antibodies, often at substantial titres. Most NA cases in the contemporary series (19/22) and many pups (16/38) in the retrospective cohort were managed successfully using high doses of prednisolone and opioids. Treatment often included antibiotics administered in case protozoan encephalomyelitis or translocated bacterial meningitis was present. Supportive measures included bladder care and physiotherapy. Several dogs were left with permanent neural deficits. Dogs are an important sentinel species for NA. Human cases and numerous cases in tawny frogmouths were reported from the same regions as affected dogs over the study period.

2012-01-01

477

A Within Cultural Comparison: Intelligence, Family Size and Socioeconomic Status.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A within cultural comparative examination of three samples of school-children residing in Saskatchewan, South Australia and Nova Scotia enabled the effects of family size and socioeconomic status on measured intelligence to be ascertained. Samples of schoolchildren in Regina (Canada), Adelaide (Australia) and Sydney (Canada), divided into…

Kennett, Keith F.

478

Story Telling: Australian Indigenous Women's Means of Health Promotion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Story-telling, an oral tradition of the indigenous peoples of Australia, was recorded on video as a vehicle for conveying health promotion messages in several urban Aboriginal (Koori) communities in Sydney, Australia. The video was made by a group of Koori women Elders and two female Aboriginal academics. The Elders integrated their personal…

Brock, Kaye; Acklin, F.; Newman, J.; Arbon, V.; Trindal, A.; Bermingham, M.; Thompson, B.

479

Use of Multisensory Environments in Schools for Students with Severe Disabilities: Perceptions from Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multisensory environments (MSEs) have become popular in schools for students with severe disabilities in the UK, the US, and Australia, despite a lack of convincing research evidence for any positive effects on learning and behaviour. This paper reports on in depth interviews with staff from two schools in Sydney, NSW, Australia that explored the…

Stephenson, Jennifer; Carter, Mark

2011-01-01

480

John Anderson’s development of (situational) realism and its bearing on psychology today  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1927, the Scottish philosopher John Anderson arrived in Australia to take up the chair of Philosophy at the University of Sydney. By the late 1930s, the ‘macrostructure’ of his realist system was in place. It includes a theory of process and a substantial metaphysics, one that opposes positivism, linguistic philosophy and all forms of idealism. However, beyond Australia it

Fiona J. Hibberd

2009-01-01