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1

Sydney  

... metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000 Olympic Games, which opened Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the rugged-shaped ... central city area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast. ...

2013-04-16

2

"Sydney sandstone": Heritage Stone from Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney is Australia's oldest city being founded in 1788. The city was fortunate to be established on an extensive and a relatively undeformed layer of lithified quartz sandstone of Triassic age that has proved to be an ideal building stone. The stone has been long identified by geologists as the Hawkesbury Sandstone. On the other hand the term "Sydney sandstone" has also been widely used over a long period, even to the extent of being utilised as the title of published books, so its formal designation as a heritage stone will immediately formalise this term. The oldest international usage is believed to be its use in the construction of the Stone Store at Kerikeri, New Zealand (1832-1836). In the late 19th century, public buildings such as hospitals, court houses as well as the prominent Sydney Town Hall, Sydney General Post Office, Art Gallery of New South Wales, State Library of New South Wales as well as numerous schools, churches, office building buildings, University, hotels, houses, retaining walls were all constructed using Sydney sandstone. Innumerable sculptures utilising the gold-coloured stone also embellished the city ranging from decorative friezes and capitals on building to significant monuments. Also in the late 19th and early 20th century, Sydney sandstone was used for major construction in most other major Australian cities especially Melbourne, Adelaide and Brisbane to the extent that complaints were expressed that suitable local stone materials were being neglected. Quarrying of Sydney sandstone continues today. In 2000 it was recorded noted that there were 33 significant operating Sydney sandstone quarries including aggregate and dimension stone operations. In addition sandstone continues to be sourced today from construction sites across the city area. Today major dimension stone producers (eg Gosford Quarries) sell Sydney sandstone not only into the Sydney market but also on national and international markets as cladding and paving products as well as block. Recent international projects by Gosford Quarries include Mishima Golf Club in Japan, Al Awadi Tower in Kuwait, New World Resort in China and a Hard Rock Café in Florida, USA. Arguably Sydney sandstone is Australia's most prominent potential Global Heritage Stone Resource and details are readily available in existing publications to make the nomination.

Cooper, Barry; Kramar, Sabina

2014-05-01

3

Hydrogeochemical aspects in reclaimed area, Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study was performed to investigate the influence of variable grain size on the concentration of anthropogenic\\u000a trace metal contaminants in the reclaimed area adjacent to Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia. In reclaimed areas affected by\\u000a groundwater, trace metal concentrations in soils are greatly influenced by the heterogeneous nature of the waste materials\\u000a buried at the site. The confounding effects

Jeong-Yul Suh

2004-01-01

4

The emergence of urban agriculture: Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Across the world the phenomenon of urban agriculture (UA) is defining itself after emerging from a mainly grass-roots response, evidenced in the Sydney Metropolitan Region by the Hawkesbury Harvest phenomenon and the Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, to powerful global forces which are negatively and paradoxically impacting on the quality of life of urban and farming communities. In the developed world

David Mason; Ian Knowd

2010-01-01

5

Sydney Aquarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site includes a wealth of information on the Sydney Aquarium in Australia. It also features a virtual tour of the aquarium, webcams, games, virtual pets, extensive Australian habitats information, and Ask Professor Mullet, a collection of forums where students can ask questions and discuss marine science topics.

6

Notes from an Unknown Presenter at the Third International Conference of English Teachers in Sydney, Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers an English teacher's observations about an international conference held in Sydney, Australia, with particular emphasis on George Orwell's "1984" and his views on language, multiculturalism, and humanism and on George Steiner's "Language and Silence." (RL)

Lewis, Flossie

1981-01-01

7

Early Triassic therapsid footprints from the Sydney basin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large rock slab collected in 1913 from the roof of the Bellambi Colliery in the southern Sydney Basin bears fossil tracks that are now known from recent radiometric and chemostratigraphic dating to be earliest Triassic, rather than latest Permian, in age. The tracks show two distinctive features of reptiles: scale impressions and claw marks. Both manus and pes are

Gregory J. Retallack

1996-01-01

8

Vertical Hydrochemical Zonation in a Coastal Section of the Botany Sands Aquifer, Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Near Sydney, Australia, unconsolidated aeolian and alluvial sediments of Quaternary age form the Botany Sands aquifer and lie unconformably on Triassic-age sandstone (Narrabeen Group). Botany Bay is an inlet of the Pacific Ocean about 10 km south of the city centre. Reclamation of the northern foreshore of Botany Bay commenced in 1979. One impact of this reclamation was to move

N. Lavitt; R. I. Acworth; J. Jankowski

1997-01-01

9

A Report on the Peace Education Commission Program, International Peace Research Association Conference 2010, Sydney, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From July 6th to 10th, 2010, International Peace Research Association (IPRA) held its biennial conference at the University of Sydney in Australia. Hosted by the University's Centre for Peace & Conflict Studies and coordinated by Jake Lynch and a team of dedicated staff and volunteers, the conference featured seven plenary panels and many papers…

Toh, Swee-Hin

2010-01-01

10

Associations between ambient air pollution and daily emergency department attendances for cardiovascular disease in the elderly (65+ years), Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are no reported studies on the effects of ambient air pollution on emergency department (ED) attendances in Sydney, Australia. This study aimed to determine associations between ambient air pollutants and ED attendances for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in those aged 65+ years. We constructed daily time series of hospital ED attendances, air pollutants and meteorological factors for the Sydney metropolitan

Bin Jalaludin; Geoffrey Morgan; Doug Lincoln; Vicky Sheppeard; Rod Simpson; Stephen Corbett

2006-01-01

11

Earthquake-controlled event deposits and its tectonic significance from the Middle Permian Wandrawandian Siltstone in the Sydney Basin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sydney-Bowen basin in eastern Australia is an elongate back arc-converted foreland basin system situated between the Lachlan\\u000a Fold Belt in the west and the New England Fold Belt in the east. The Middle Permian Wandrawandian Siltstone at Warden Head\\u000a near Ulladulla in the southern Sydney Basin is dominated by fossiliferous siltstone and mudstone, with a large amount of dropstones

Yuansheng Du; G. R. Shi; Yiming Gong

2005-01-01

12

Public–private partnerships and contested cultural heritage tourism in national parks: a case study of the stakeholder views of the North Head Quarantine Station (Sydney, Australia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the public perceptions of stakeholders towards a proposed cultural heritage public–private partnership (PPP) within a national park in Sydney, Australia. Governments in Australia are initiating PPPs for the purposes of designing, planning, constructing and operating projects that would traditionally be regarded as ‘public goods’. The North Head Quarantine Station (Sydney, Australia) was one of the first proposed

Simon Darcy; Stephen Wearing

2009-01-01

13

Paleothermometry of the Sydney Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence from overprinting of magnetizations of Late Permian and Mesozoic rocks and from the rank of Permian coals and Mesozoic phytoclasts (coal particles) suggests that surface rocks in the Sydney Basin, eastern Australia, have been raised to temperatures of the order of 200 °C or higher. As vitrinite reflectance, an index of coal rank or coalification, is postulated to vary

M. F. Middleton; P. W. Schmidt

1982-01-01

14

A cluster of meningococcal disease in western Sydney, Australia initially associated with a nightclub.  

PubMed

Fourteen cases of meningococcal disease (MD) occurred in August September 1996 in western Sydney, Australia. Seven of the 10 young adults affected had a direct or indirect link with a local nightclub. Ten of 11 systemic meningococcal isolates had the phenotype C:2a:P1.5 and showed close genetic relationship by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Organisms of this phenotype have not previously caused outbreaks in Australia, but have been associated with outbreaks and hyperendemic serogroup C MD in Europe, Canada, and the United States. This is the largest cluster of serogroup C MD reported in urban Australia, and the first involving a nightclub. The strain differentiation results were available rapidly enough to augment epidemiological investigations on a daily basis. Public health staff could thus establish links between cases quickly, follow the spread of new cases in the community, give accurate information to health officials and the press, and utilize existing knowledge about the characteristics of this phenotype to predict likely developments during the outbreak and afterwards. The strain differentiation data was also very helpful when the role of vaccination was considered, and existing guidelines on the management of outbreaks of MD could be used effectively for the first time in western Sydney. PMID:9692605

Jelfs, J; Jalaludin, B; Munro, R; Patel, M; Kerr, M; Daley, D; Neville, S; Capon, A

1998-06-01

15

Meeting report of the 19th Annual International Congress of the International Liver Transplantation Society (Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Sydney, Australia, June 12-15, 2013).  

PubMed

The International Liver Transplantation Society held its annual meeting from June 12 to 15 in Sydney, Australia. More than 800 registrants attended the congress, which opened with a conference celebrating 50 years of liver transplantation (LT). The program included series of featured symposia, focused topic sessions, and oral and poster presentations. This report is by no means all-inclusive and focuses on specific abstracts on key topics in LT. Similarly to previous reports, this one presents data in the context of the published literature and highlights the current direction of LT. PMID:24136728

Oniscu, Gabriel C; Diaz, Geraldine; Levitsky, Josh

2014-01-01

16

Shooting Gallery Operation in the Context of Establishing a Medically Supervised Injecting Center: Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Shooting galleries (SGs) are illicit off-street spaces close to drug markets used for drug injection. Supervised injecting facilities (SIFs) are low threshold health services where injecting drug users (IDUs) can inject pre-obtained drugs under supervision. This study describes SG use in Kings Cross, Sydney before and after the opening of the Sydney Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC), Australia’s first SIF. Operational and environmental characteristics of SGs, reasons for SG use, and willingness to use MSIC were also examined. An exploratory survey of SG users (n?=?31), interviews with SG users (n?=?17), and drug workers (n?=?8), and counts of used needles routinely collected from SGs (6 months before and after MSIC) and visits to the MSIC (6 months after MSIC) were triangulated. We found five SGs operated during the study period. Key operational characteristics were 24-h operation, AUS$10 entry fee, 30-min time limit, and dual use for sex work. Key reasons for SG use were to avoid police, a preference not to inject in public, and assistance from SG operators in case of overdose. SG users reported high levels of willingness to use the MSIC. The number of used needles collected from SGs decreased by 69% (41,819 vs. 12,935) in the 6 months after MSIC opened, while MSIC visits increased incrementally. We conclude that injections were transferred from SGs to the MSIC, but SGs continued to accommodate injections and harm reduction outreach should be maintained.

Dolan, Kate

2007-01-01

17

Impact of Urban Sprawl on Overweight, Obesity, and Physical Activity in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Obesity and inadequate physical activity are major risk factors for many diseases. The built environment plays an important role in influencing participation in physical activity. We aimed to determine whether urban sprawl in Sydney, Australia is associated with overweight/obesity and levels of physical activity. We used a cross-sectional multilevel study design to relate urban sprawl (based on population density) measured at an area level to overweight/obesity and levels of physical activity measured at an individual level whilst controlling for individual and area level covariates in metropolitan Sydney. Individual level data were obtained from the 2002 and 2003 New South Wales Population Health Survey. We had information on 7,290 respondents. The mean population density was 2,168 persons per square kilometer (standard deviation?=?1,741, range?=?218–7,045). After controlling for individual and area level covariates, for an inter-quartile increase in sprawl, the odds of being overweight was 1.26 (95% CI?=?1.10–1.44), the odds of being obese was 1.47 (95% CI?=?1.24–1.75), the odds of inadequate physical activity was 1.38 (95% CI?=?1.21–1.57), and the odds of not spending any time walking during the past week was 1.58 (95% CI?=?1.28–1.93). Living in more sprawling suburbs increases the risk of overweight/obesity and inadequate physical activity despite the relatively low levels of urban sprawl in metropolitan Sydney. Modifications to the urban environment to increase physical activity may be worthwhile.

Garden, Frances L.

2008-01-01

18

Sydney, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image was acquired on October 12, 2002 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18,1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, along-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth's land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

Size: 42 x 32 km (25.1 x 19.2 miles) Location: 33.7 deg. South lat., 151.4 deg. East long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER bands 1,2, and 3. Original Data Resolution: 15 m Date Acquired: October 12, 2001

2002-01-01

19

Primary School Sex Education Programs: Views and experiences of teachers in four primary schools in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This small-scale study draws on qualitative data from four government primary schools in Sydney, Australia to investigate the sex education given to grade five and six primary school children by their teachers. This article explores the sexuality issues teachers find difficult to discuss, and reports the concerns teachers have when teaching sexuality education. The practices teachers adopt to encourage parent-teacher

Jan Milton

2003-01-01

20

Continental-scale magmatic carbon dioxide seepage recorded by dawsonite in the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system, eastern Australia  

SciTech Connect

Dawsonite, NaAlCO{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}, is widespread as a cement, replacement, and cavity filling in Permo-Triassic sedimentary rocks of the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system eastern Australia. The origin of dawsonite in these rocks was studied by petrographic and stable isotope analysis. Dawsonite {delta}{sup 13}C (PDB) values range from {minus}4.0 to +4.1{per_thousand} and are remarkably consistent throughout the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system. These values indicate either a marine carbonate or magmatic source for carbon in the dawsonite. A magmatic carbon source is considered more likely on the basis that (1) evidence of and the cause for widespread marine carbonate dissolution in the sedimentary successions are not apparent, (2) dawsonite is widespread in both marine and nonmarine facies, (3) the region has been the site of major igneous activity, (4) other dawsonite deposits of similar carbon isotopic composition are linked to igneous activity, and (5) magmatic CO{sub 2} accumulations are known in parts of the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system. The timing of igneous activity in the Bowen Basin constrains the timing of dawsonite formation in the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system to the Tertiary, consistent with textural relationships, which indicate that dawsonite formed late during the burial history of the Permo-triassic sequences. The distribution and interpreted origin of dawsonite implies magmatic CO{sub 2} seepage in the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney basin system on a continental scale.

Baker, J.C. [Australian Petroleum Cooperative Research Centre and Division of Petroleum Resources, North Ryde, New South Wales (Australia)]|[Univ. of Queensland (Australia). Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis; Bai, G.P.; Hamilton, P.J. [Australian Petroleum Cooperative Research Centre and Division of Petroleum Resources, North Ryde, New South Wales (Australia); Golding, S.D. [Univ. of Queensland (Australia). Dept. of Earth Sciences; Keene, J.B. [Univ. of Sydney, New South Wales (Australia). Dept. of Geology and Geophysics

1995-07-03

21

Five for Sydney 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Professor Harry Messel International Science School is organised by the Science Foundation for Physics within the University of Sydney. In 1968, the Foundation extended the participation to the UK and Japan and each country sends five scholars to the Science Schools, which are held every second year. Nowadays, scholars from Singapore,…

Education in Science, 2009

2009-01-01

22

5 for Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ASE has a long history of sending students to the International Science School (ISS), having been doing so since 1968. The ISS is a free science education programme run biennially by the Science Foundation for Physics at the University of Sydney. ASE's role is to select the students and organise funding to enable the students and escorts to…

Berry, Bryan

2010-01-01

23

On-road ultrafine particle concentration in the M5 East road tunnel, Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The human health effects following exposure to ultrafine (<100 nm) particles (UFPs) produced by fuel combustion, while not completely understood, are generally regarded as detrimental. Road tunnels have emerged as locations where maximum exposure to these particles may occur for the vehicle occupants using them. This study aimed to quantify and investigate the determinants of UFP concentrations in the 4 km twin-bore (eastbound and westbound) M5 East tunnel in Sydney, Australia. Sampling was undertaken using a condensation particle counter (CPC) mounted in a vehicle traversing both tunnel bores at various times of day from May through July, 2006. Supplementary measurements were conducted in February, 2008. Over three hundred transects of the tunnel were performed, and these were distributed evenly between the bores. Additional comparative measurements were conducted on a mixed route comprising major roads and shorter tunnels, all within Sydney. Individual trip average UFP concentrations in the M5 East tunnel bores ranged from 5.53 × 10 4 p cm -3 to 5.95 × 10 6 p cm -3. Data were sorted by hour of capture, and hourly median trip average (HMA) UFP concentrations ranged from 7.81 × 10 4 p cm -3 to 1.73 × 10 6 p cm -3. Hourly median UFP concentrations measured on the mixed route were between 3.71 × 10 4 p cm -3 and 1.55 × 10 5 p cm -3. Hourly heavy diesel vehicle (HDV) traffic volume was a very good determinant of UFP concentration in the eastbound tunnel bore ( R2 = 0.87), but much less so in the westbound bore ( R2 = 0.26). In both bores, the volume of passenger vehicles (i.e. unleaded gasoline-powered vehicles) was a significantly poorer determinant of particle concentration. When compared with similar studies reported previously, the measurements described here were among the highest recorded concentrations, which further highlights the contribution road tunnels may make to the overall UFP exposure of vehicle occupants.

Knibbs, Luke D.; de Dear, Richard J.; Morawska, Lidia; Mengersen, Kerrie L.

24

Does age affect sexual behaviour among gay men in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia?  

PubMed

Concern internationally that young gay men are at increased risk of HIV infection has not been reflected in earlier findings in Australia where younger men have not been found to be at increased likelihood to engage in unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners (UAIC). There has, however, been little attention paid to the issue of age in relation to HIV risk behaviour in Australia in recent years. In 2007, among men who completed Gay Community Periodic Survey questionnaires in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia, younger men were more likely to report being in relatively short-term monogamous relationships than were their older counterparts. They were also less likely to know their own or their partners' HIV serostatus. Men aged less than 25 years reported fewer recent partners and were less likely to report sex with casual male partners in the previous six months (p<0.001). Younger men were also less likely to engage in group sex. Approximately, one-quarter of the sample reported engaging in any UAIC in the previous six months during each year of the survey. Younger men were no less likely to report UAIC overall, but they were somewhat more likely to report taking the receptive position during UAIC. While age is a consideration in the assessment of risk of HIV transmission among gay men, this risk is dependent upon the context in which it occurs: Age mixing may be an important consideration in understanding HIV risk among young gay men. PMID:20024768

Prestage, Garrett; Kippax, Susan; Jin, Fengyi; Frankland, Andrew; Imrie, John; Grulich, Andrew E; Zablotska, Iryna

2009-09-01

25

Use of groundwater temperature data in geothermal exploration: the example of Sydney Basin, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multidimensional simulations in geothermal exploration require vast quantities of measurements, including temperature, to produce realistic estimates. In Australia, the database of temperature measurements is small, limited by sparse distribution and tainted by non-equilibrium conditions. Groundwater temperature data from the groundwater-monitoring/water-supply bore network provide a creative cost effective way to bridge the information gap. Down-hole temperature profiles are valuable when thermal equilibrium conditions are present. Equilibrium conditions are common in groundwater bores as they are installed to be long term. Effective use of groundwater temperature data for geothermal exploration requires an understanding of (1) the thermal conditions being measured, (2) the factors that affect the measurement, and (3) how the measurements can be used. Highly constrained models, rather than extrapolation maps, are the cost effective, risk-reducing solution for geothermal exploration in Australia. The Sydney Basin provides a case study of how an undervalued, `cold' coal-bearing sedimentary basin became `hot' through high-resolution modelling using groundwater temperature measurements. Groundwater temperature data are the new information source capable of filling the gaps left by the limited deep temperature measurements. Hydrogeological data play a critical role in geothermal exploration, as models representing a highly complex world approach reality.

Danis, Cara

2013-11-01

26

Choosing the Right Battles: how independent bookshops in Sydney, Australia compete with chains and online retailers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of multinational retailers has induced shifts in the spatial distribution of retail capital. Furthermore, the advent of shopping centres has led to a reconfiguration of consumption spaces. These trends have particular consequences for independent retail businesses. This paper investigates the impacts of rationalisation and consolidation in retailing on independent bookshops in Sydney. There is a view that independent

Jen Li

2010-01-01

27

Proceedings of the 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi7), Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia, 8–14 July 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

At GR17 in Dublin in 2004, it was decided to hold GR18 in Sydney in 2007. Every six years, the GR conference (held every three years) and Amaldi meeting (held every two years) occur in the same year around July. This was to be the case in 2007. By mutual agreement of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation

Susan M Scott; David E McClelland

2008-01-01

28

PREFACE: Proceedings of the 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi7), Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia, 8 14 July 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

At GR17 in Dublin in 2004, it was decided to hold GR18 in Sydney in 2007. Every six years, the GR conference (held every three years) and Amaldi meeting (held every two years) occur in the same year around July. This was to be the case in 2007. By mutual agreement of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation

Susan M. Scott; David E. McClelland

2008-01-01

29

Trends in agreements between regular partners among gay men in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia.  

PubMed

Between 1998 and 2007, 51,449 Gay Community Periodic Survey questionnaires were completed in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia. These included 23,424 where the respondents reported currently being in a relationship with a regular male partner. About 90% of men with a regular partner had been tested for HIV, and about three quarters had tested HIV-negative. Between 1998 and 2007 there was an increase in the proportion of men in HIV-negative seroconcordant relationships. About three quarters of men with a regular partner had negotiated an agreement about sex within their relationship. There was little change over time in the likelihood of having negotiated such agreements. There were, however, changes over time in the nature of these negotiated agreements: Over time, more men in HIV-discordant relationships permitted unprotected anal intercourse with their regular partners (P-trend < .001); among men in HIV-negative concordant relationships, an increasing proportion required a monogamous arrangement with their regular partner (P-trend < .001); and over time, fewer men in general required consistent condom use with casual partners (P-trend < .001). Some of these changes in negotiated agreements represent an increase in the potential risk of HIV transmission. PMID:18188690

Prestage, Garrett; Jin, Fengyi; Zablotska, Iryna; Grulich, Andrew; Imrie, John; Kaldor, John; Honnor, Geoff; Kippax, Susan

2008-05-01

30

Sex partying among gay men in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia.  

PubMed

Group sex is relatively common among gay men, and is a likely risk factor for infection with HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STI). The 5,432 participants in the 2008 Gay Community Periodic Survey in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia, were asked about their participation in group sex. Nearly half (44.0%) of those who reported sex with casual male partners in the previous 6 months also reported engaging in group sex. Among other factors, using drugs odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (CI) (OR = 1.89, CI = 1.61-2.21), being HIV-positive (OR = 1.62, CI = 1.13-2.32), and engaging in anal intercourse, both with a condom (OR = 3.03, CI = 2.46-3.73) and without a condom (OR = 5.68, CI = 4.53-7.12) were independently associated with having engaged in group sex. This study suggests that gay men who engage in group sex represent an important priority for targeted HIV and STI prevention activities and research. PMID:20945156

Prestage, Garrett; Down, Ian; Grulich, Andrew; Zablotska, Iryna

2011-02-01

31

Prevalence of genital chlamydial infection among a community sample of young international backpackers in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

We conducted a chlamydia prevalence study from January to June 2009 among a community sample of young international backpackers by recruiting at hostels in Sydney, Australia. Participants completed a questionnaire; men provided a urine sample and women provided a self-collected vaginal swab, which were tested for Chlamydia trachomatis DNA by strand displacement amplification. We recruited 225 men (median age 24 years) and 207 women (median age 23 years). Most (87%) of the travellers came from Europe. A new sexual partner during travel was reported by 67%, and 51% had more than one new sexual partner. Of those reporting a new sexual partner, 40% always used condoms. Prevalence of chlamydia was 3.5% (3.1% in men, 3.9% in women). Previous testing for chlamydia was reported by 40%. Drinking alcohol at hazardous levels was reported by 58% of men and 29% of women. Despite the reporting of new sexual partners and inconsistent condom use, the prevalence of chlamydia in these backpackers was not higher than that found in more general populations, and may relate to good health-care seeking behaviour. Young travellers need education about sexual risks and promotion of condom use prior to travel, and access to public sexual health services. PMID:21464454

Davies, S C; Karagiannis, T; Headon, V; Wiig, R; Duffy, J

2011-03-01

32

Synoptic analysis of heat-related mortality in Sydney, Australia, 1993-2001  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exposure to extremely hot weather has been associated with increased mortality. Temporal Synoptic Index is an effective method used to analyze the relationship between mortality and combined weather factors. The aim of this study is to examine the short-term effect of ambient heat on mortality in Sydney during the warmest 6-month period (October-March) for the years 1993-2001. Eleven synoptic categories were related to daily mortality rates in Sydney. Two distinctive warm categories were associated with significantly higher mortality rates. Hot, dry and relatively rare Synoptic Category 7 (SC7) days showed the highest daily mortality rates, followed by warm and humid SC3 days, which occurred more frequently. Increased mortality was more pronounced among the elderly population, and gender-stratified analysis showed women to be more vulnerable. Mortality on the day of the weather event was higher than 1 or 2 days after the adverse synoptic situation. Ozone and particulate matter smaller than 10 µm were found at high concentrations in SC3 and SC7, respectively, but their impact on mortality was not clear. The population of Sydney was found to be vulnerable to high temperatures, with a lower susceptibility than those of some cities in the USA and Europe.

Vaneckova, Pavla; Hart, Melissa A.; Beggs, Paul J.; de Dear, Richard J.

2008-07-01

33

The Nature and Distribution of Metals in Soils of the Sydney Estuary Catchment, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total topsoil 50th percentile Cu, Pb and Zn concentrations (n?=?491) in the Sydney estuary catchment were 23 ?g?g?1, 60 ?g?g?1 and 108 ?g?g?1, respectively. Nine percent, 6% and 25% of samples were above soil quality guidelines, respectively and mean enrichment was\\u000a 14, 35 and 29 times above background, respectively. Soils in the south-eastern region of the catchment exhibited highest metal\\u000a concentrations. The close

Gavin F. Birch; Matthew Vanderhayden; Marco Olmos

2011-01-01

34

PREFACE: Proceedings of the 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi7), Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia, 8 14 July 2007  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At GR17 in Dublin in 2004, it was decided to hold GR18 in Sydney in 2007. Every six years, the GR conference (held every three years) and Amaldi meeting (held every two years) occur in the same year around July. This was to be the case in 2007. By mutual agreement of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation (ISGRG), which oversees the GR conferences and The Gravitational Wave International Committee (GWIC), which oversees the Amaldi meetings, it was decided to hold these two important conferences concurrently, for the first time, at the same venue, namely Sydney. At a time when the gravitational wave community was beginning to explore the possibility of searches to probe various aspects of the theory, the vision was to bring that community together with the community of gravitational theorists in order to better appreciate the work being done by both parties and to explore possibilities for future research using the mutual expertise. The logistics of running two such large meetings concurrently were considerable. The format agreed upon by the ISGRG and GWIC was the following: common plenary sessions in the mornings from Monday to Friday; six parallel GR workshop sessions and an Amaldi session each afternoon from Monday to Friday (except Wednesday); a combined poster session on Wednesday; a full day of Amaldi sessions on the final day (Saturday). The scientific programme for GR18 was overseen by a Scientific Organising Committee established by the ISGRG and chaired by Professor Sathyaprakash. The scientific programme for Amaldi7 was overseen by GWIC chaired by Professor Cerdonio. One of the highlights of the conferences was the breadth and quality of the plenary programme put together by the scientific committees. Not only did these talks give an excellent snapshot of the entire field at this time, but they also explored the interfaces with other related fields, which proved of special interest to participants. We were given superb overviews of the state of the art of: observational handles on dark energy; collider physics experiments designed to probe cosmology; gravitational dynamics of large stellar systems; and the use of analogue condensed-matter systems in the laboratory to investigate black hole event horizons. In the more mainstream areas we were given timely reviews of: the Gravity Probe B and STEP missions; quasi-local black hole horizons and their applications; cosmic censorship; the spin foam model approach to quantum gravity; the causal dynamical triangulations approach to quantum gravity; superstring theory applied to questions in particle physics; the current status and prospects for gravitational wave astronomy; ground-based gravitational wave detection; and technology developments for the future LISA mission. A special issue of Classical and Quantum Gravity (Volume 25, Number 11, 7 June 2008) is published as the proceedings of GR18 and Amaldi7. It contains the overview articles by the plenary speakers, the summaries of each GR18 workshop parallel session as provided by the workshop chairs, and the highlights of the Amaldi7 meeting as selected by the Amaldi7 chairs. Other Amaldi7 talks and posters appear in this refereed issue of the electronic Journal of Physics: Conference Series. This issue of JPCS and the CQG Special Issue are electronically linked. The conference organisers would like to acknowledge the financial support of: The Australian National University; IUPAP; The Australian Institute of Physics; BHP Billiton; The University of Western Australia; The University of New South Wales; The Institute of Physics; The Gravity Research Foundation; SGI; CosNet; The Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute; Springer; Duraduct; the New South Wales Government; The Australasian Society for General Relativity and Gravitation; the Mexican GR bid; the Centre for Precision Optics; The Anglo-Australian Observatory; Newspec; CSIRO; and The University of Melbourne. We would like to thank the GR18 Scientific Organising Committee, GWIC and the Local Organising Committee for all their hard wor

Scott, Susan M.; McClelland, David E.

2008-07-01

35

Modeling of a lot scale rainwater tank system in XP-SWMM: A case study in Western Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Lot scale rainwater tank system modeling is often used in sustainable urban storm water management, particularly to estimate the reduction in the storm water run-off and pollutant wash-off at the lot scale. These rainwater tank models often cannot be adequately calibrated and validated due to limited availability of observed rainwater tank quantity and quality data. This paper presents calibration and validation of a lot scale rainwater tank system model using XP-SWMM utilizing data collected from two rainwater tank systems located in Western Sydney, Australia. The modeling considers run-off peak and volume in and out of the rainwater tank system and also a number of water quality parameters (Total Phosphorus (TP), Total Nitrogen (TN) and Total Solids (TS)). It has been found that XP-SWMM can be used successfully to develop a lot scale rainwater system model within an acceptable error margin. It has been shown that TP and TS can be predicted more accurately than TN using the developed model. In addition, it was found that a significant reduction in storm water run-off discharge can be achieved as a result of the rainwater tank up to about one year average recurrence interval rainfall event. The model parameter set assembled in this study can be used for developing lot scale rainwater tank system models at other locations in the Western Sydney region and in other parts of Australia with necessary adjustments for the local site characteristics. PMID:24835081

van der Sterren, Marlène; Rahman, Ataur; Ryan, Garry

2014-08-01

36

The evolving market structures of gambling: case studies modelling the socioeconomic assignment of gaming machines in Melbourne and Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

The expansion of gambling industries worldwide is intertwined with the growing government dependence on gambling revenue for fiscal assignments. In Australia, electronic gaming machines (EGMs) have dominated recent gambling industry growth. As EGMs have proliferated, growing recognition has emerged that EGM distribution closely reflects levels of socioeconomic disadvantage. More machines are located in less advantaged regions. This paper analyses time-series socioeconomic distributions of EGMs in Melbourne, Australia, an immature EGM market, and then compares the findings with the mature market in Sydney. Similar findings in both cities suggest that market assignment of EGMs transcends differences in historical and legislative environments. This indicates that similar underlying structures are evident in both markets. Modelling the spatial structures of gambling markets provides an opportunity to identify regions most at risk of gambling related problems. Subsequently, policies can be formulated which ensure fiscal revenue from gambling can be better targeted towards regions likely to be most afflicted by excessive gambling-related problems. PMID:12375384

Marshall, David C; Baker, Robert G V

2002-01-01

37

Megaspores from the Late Permian, Lower Whybrow coal seam, Sydney Basin, Australia.  

PubMed

More than 300 megaspore specimens have been recovered from samples from the Late Permian, Lower Whybrow coal seam of the Wittingham Coal Measures of the Sydney Basin. Only two species are recognised: Singhisporites surangei (Singh) Potonié, emend. and a new species of Singhisporites. Species distribution within the seam is controlled by a major fire event, as recognised by coal petrology and mesofossil content: Singhisporites surangei is dominant before the event, but following it, it is subordinate to the new species.The abundance of megaspores recovered has allowed recognition of the full range of morphologic variation of Singhisporites surangei, which encompasses specimens assigned previously to Singraulispora Pant & Mishra, 1986 and Mammilaespora Pant & Srivastava, 1961; both are regarded as junior synonyms of Singhisporites Potonié, emend. Ultrastructurally, the new species shows affinities with Mesozoic isoetalean megaspores. PMID:10930606

Glasspool

2000-07-01

38

A chrono-tectonostratigraphic framework for the Sydney Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sydney Basin is a foreland basin forming the southern part of the Bowen-Gunnedah-Sydney Basin system in Eastern Australia. Tectonically the Sydney Basin is regarded as a retro-arc foreland basin that developed through Late Carboniferous to Middle Triassic. Constructing a tectonstratigraphic framework for the basin is difficult due to the complex stratigraphy and poor age control, along with its complex tectonic history. A chrono-tectonostratigraphic framework for the Sydney Basin is presented based on literature synthesis combined with new data analysis. The chrono-tectonostratigraphic framework will provide an up-to-date and easy to follow detailed basin history which can be utilize in the exploration for conventional and unconventional resources in the Sydney Basin.

Mohammad, O. A.; Jones, B. G.; Fergusson, C. L.

2013-12-01

39

Cross-sectional study of diet and risk factors for metabolic diseases in a Ghanaian population in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Ethnic groups in affluent environments experience higher rates of metabolic diseases than their native counterparts. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of metabolic risk factors in Ghanaians in Sydney, and to investigate the relationship with dietary and lifestyle factors. Cross-sectional design with anthropometry, blood pressure, plasma lipids, glucose and insulin concentrations were measured on two occasions on each subject. Dietary information was obtained by three 24-h dietary recalls. Adults (45 male, 35 female) were recruited from a local association in Sydney, Australia. Overweight was observed in a large proportion of subjects (71% and 66% of men and women, respectively), with 18% of men and 26% of women classified as obese. Abdominal overweight was seen in 63% and 74% of men and women, respectively. Abdominal obesity was seen in 20% of men and 49% of women. Hypertension was detected in 40% of men and 17% of women, 16% of men and 6% of women were diagnosed with definite hypertension. Seventy-one per cent of men and 29% of women were classified as hypercholesterolaemic and 67% of men and 23% of women had elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In men, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hypertriacylglycerolaemia affected 18% and 13%, respectively. Fasting hyperinsulinaemia was observed in 14% and 9% of men and women, respectively. The majority of subjects (73%) sustained one or more metabolic risk factors. Dietary fat contributed 33% and 35% of total energy intake in men and women, respectively, saturated fat contributing 11% in both sexes. A high prevalence of overweight, diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia exists in this population, particularly in men, highlighting the need for intervention. PMID:12230235

Saleh, Ashraf; Amanatidis, Soumela; Samman, Samir

2002-01-01

40

The spatial domain of wildfire risk and response in the wildland urban interface in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to quantify the risks from fire at the wildland urban interface (WUI), it is important to understand where fires occur and their likelihood of spreading to the WUI. For each of the 999 fires in the Sydney region we calculated the distance between the ignition and the WUI, the fire's weather and wind direction and whether it spread to the WUI. The likelihood of burning the WUI was analysed using binomial regression. Weather and distance interacted such that under mild weather conditions, the model predicted only a 5% chance that a fire starting >2.5 km from the interface would reach it, whereas when the conditions are extreme the predicted chance remained above 30% even at distances >10 km. Fires were more likely to spread to the WUI if the wind was from the west and in the western side of the region. We examined whether the management responses to wildfires are commensurate with risk by comparing the distribution of distance to the WUI of wildfires with roads and prescribed fires. Prescribed fires and roads were concentrated nearer to the WUI than wildfires as a whole, but further away than wildfires that burnt the WUI under extreme weather conditions (high risk fires). Overall, 79% of these high risk fires started within 2 km of the WUI, so there is some argument for concentrating more management effort near the WUI. By substituting climate change scenario weather into the statistical model, we predicted a small increase in the risk of fires spreading to the WUI, but the increase will be greater under extreme weather. This approach has a variety of uses, including mapping fire risk and improving the ability to match fire management responses to the threat from each fire. They also provide a baseline from which a cost-benefit analysis of complementary fire management strategies can be conducted.

Price, O. F.; Bradstock, R. A.

2013-12-01

41

HKE Sydney Catalog (Eichhorn+ 1983)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The plates were exposed on the Taylor, Taylor and Hobson catalogue camera of the Sydney Observatory, always west of the pier, from Feb.13 to Oct.29, 1964. Each plate covers an area of 6x6° with a scale of 116.1''/mm. The declinations of the plate centers were always -51° (in 1950 equinox). The average epoch is 1964.47 (see table 1 of the paper for the epochs of the individual fields). (1 data file).

Eichhorn, H.; Googe, W. D.; Lukac, C. F.; Murphy, J. K.

2012-10-01

42

Notre Dame Sydney appoints Dean of the College of Nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dr Margot Kearns, a respected health sciences academic, has been appointed Foundation Dean of the College of Nursing at The University of Notre Dame AustraliaSydney Campus.\\u000aPreviously a lecturer in Nursing and Life Sciences at the University of Sydney, Prof Kearns is well equipped for her new role, with an impressive record in nursing, science and research.\\u000aIn

Michelle Ebbs

2005-01-01

43

Exposure to emissions of 1,3-butadiene and benzene in the cabins of moving motor vehicles and buses in sydney, australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concentrations of 1,3-butadiene and benzene have been measured inside the cabins of both pre-1986 (non-catalyst-equipped) and post-1986 (catalyst-equipped) vehicles on freeway and urban driving routes around Sydney, Australia. Mean in-vehicle concentrations of 1,3-butadiene and benzene observed for the newer cars during the morning peak-hour were 5.5 ± 2.l and 22.1 ± 4.1 ppb respectively. Corresponding values for the older, poorly

B. L. Duffy; P. F. Nelson

1997-01-01

44

Fine-particle Mn and other metals linked to the introduction of MMT into gasoline in Sydney, Australia: Results of a natural experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a combination of accelerator-based ion beam methods we have analysed PM2.5 particulates for a suite of 21 species (H, C, Na, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Pb) to evaluate the contribution to Sydney (New South Wales, Australia) air associated with the introduction of MMT as a replacement

Brian Gulson; David Cohen; J. Michael Davis; Ed Stelcer; D. Garton; Olg Hawas; Alan Taylor

2006-01-01

45

The Sydney University PAPA camera  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Precision Analog Photon Address (PAPA) camera is a photon-counting array detector that uses optical encoding to locate photon events on the output of a microchannel plate image intensifier. The Sydney University camera is a 256x256 pixel detector which can operate at speeds greater than 1 million photons per second and produce individual photon coordinates with a deadtime of only 300 ns. It uses a new Gray coded mask-plate which permits a simplified optical alignment and successfully guards against vignetting artifacts.

Lawson, Peter R.

1994-04-01

46

Sydney Tar Ponds Remediation: Experience to China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The infamous "Sydney Tar Ponds" are well known as one of the largest toxic waste sites of Canada, due to almost 100 years of steelmaking in Sydney, a once beautiful and peaceful city located on the east side of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. This article begins with a contextual overview of the Tar Ponds issue including a brief introduction and…

Liu, Fan; Bryson, Ken A.

2009-01-01

47

A comparison of blood toxicology of heroin-related deaths and current heroin users in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blood toxicology results for deaths attributed to heroin overdose during 1995 in the South Western Sydney (SWS) region (n=39) were compared with those of a sample of 100 current SWS heroin users who had injected within the preceding 24 h. Heroin-related deaths had a higher median concentration of morphine than current heroin users (0.35 versus 0.09 mg\\/l). However, there was

Shane Darke; Sandra Sunjic; Deborah Zador; Tania Prolov

1997-01-01

48

Health effects of the September 2009 dust storm in Sydney, Australia: did emergency department visits and hospital admissions increase?  

PubMed Central

Background During September 2009, a large dust storm was experienced in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Extremely high levels of particulate matter were recorded, with daily average levels of coarse matter (<10 ?m) peaking over 11,000 ?g/m3 and fine (<2.5 ?m) over 1,600 ?g/m3. We conducted an analysis to determine whether the dust storm was associated with increases in all-cause, cardiovascular, respiratory and asthma-related emergency department presentations and hospital admissions. Methods We used distributed-lag Poisson generalized models to analyse the emergency department presentations and hospital admissions adjusted for pollutants, humidity, temperature and day of week and seasonal effects to obtain estimates of relative risks associated with the dust storm. Results The dust storm period was associated with large increases in asthma emergency department visits (relative risk 1.23, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.38, p?

2013-01-01

49

The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion: findings from the Cycling Connecting Communities project in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Encouraging cycling is an important way to increase physical activity in the community. The Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project is a community-based cycling promotion program that included a range of community engagement and social marketing activities, such as organised bike rides and events, cycling skills courses, the distribution of cycling maps of the area and coverage in the local press. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of this program designed to encourage the use of newly completed off-road cycle paths through south west Sydney, Australia. Methods The evaluation used a quasi-experimental design that consisted of a pre- and post-intervention telephone survey (24 months apart) of a cohort of residents (n = 909) in the intervention area (n = 520) (Fairfield and Liverpool) and a socio-demographically similar comparison area (n = 389) (Bankstown). Both areas had similar bicycle infrastructure. Four bicycle counters were placed on the main bicycle paths in the intervention and comparison areas to monitor daily bicycle use before and after the intervention. Results The telephone survey results showed significantly greater awareness of the Cycling Connecting Communities project (13.5% vs 8.0%, p < 0.05) in the intervention area, with significantly higher rates of cycling in the intervention area (32.9%) compared with the comparison area (9.7%) amongst those aware of the project. There was a significant increase in use of bicycle paths in the intervention area (28.3% versus 16.2%, p < 0.05). These findings were confirmed by the bike count data. Conclusion Despite relatively modest resources, the Cycling Connecting Communities project achieved significant increases in bicycle path use, and increased cycling in some sub-groups. However, this community based intervention with limited funding had very limited reach into the community and did not increase population cycling levels.

2010-01-01

50

Urban planning process and discourses in the refusal of Islamic Schools in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shift in Australia's religious demography since the 1970s has led to an increased need for places of worship, schools, and cultural facilities. However, the establishment of religious facilities by Australia's Islamic communities has not been without resistance. This article explores the way in which current local government planning processes mediate resistance to Islamic school development applications with reference to

Laura Bugg; Nicole Gurran

2011-01-01

51

On Thunderstorm Wind Gusts in Australia, with Particular Reference to Observatory Hill, Sydney.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to present statistical information on extreme wind gusts of thunderstorms in Australia. Observations are made on thunderstorm occurrences, wind intensities and directions, and gust factors. In addition, the significance of thu...

L. Gomes B. J. Vickery

1976-01-01

52

The health effects of swimming at Sydney beaches. The Sydney Beach Users Study Advisory Group.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. The purpose of the study was to determine the health risks of swimming at ocean beaches in Sydney, Australia. METHODS. From people attending 12 Sydney beaches in the period from December 5, 1989 to February 26, 1990, we recruited a cohort of 8413 adults who agreed to participate in this study. Of these, 4424 were excluded either because they had been swimming in the previous 5 days or because they reported a current illness. Of the remainder, 2839 successfully completed a follow-up telephone interview conducted within 10 days after recruitment. We recorded reported respiratory, gastrointestinal, eye, and ear symptoms and fever that occurred within the 10 days between initial interview on the beach and the follow-up interview. RESULTS. A total of 683 participants (24.0%) reported experiencing symptoms in the 10 days following initial interview. Of these, 435 (63.7%) reported respiratory symptoms. Swimmers were almost twice as likely as nonswimmers to report symptoms. There was a linear relationship between water pollution and all reported symptoms with the exception of gastrointestinal complaints. CONCLUSIONS. Swimmers at Sydney ocean beaches are more likely to report respiratory, ear, and eye symptoms than beachgoers who do not swim. The incidence of these symptoms increases slightly with increasing levels of pollution.

Corbett, S J; Rubin, G L; Curry, G K; Kleinbaum, D G

1993-01-01

53

Rave culture in Sydney, Australia: mapping youth spaces in media discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the late 1980s, 'raves' emerged as colourful new sites for musical subcultural practices in urban Australia, mobilising the 'warehouse party' format already established in Chicago, Detroit and across Britain. With them, fresh sounds, and unique physical spaces for the production and consumption of cultural meaning were constructed. Groups of young people clustered in sites not conventionally aligned with musical

CHRIS GIBSON; REBECCA PAGAN

54

Use of Sediment Risk and Ecological/Conservation Value for Strategic Management of Estuarine Environments: Sydney Estuary, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sediment mantling the floor of Sydney estuary contains a wide range of chemicals at highly elevated concentrations over extensive areas. Appropriate sediment management decisions are urgently required to prevent further degradation of sediment quality and to minimize resulting adverse ecological effects. The objective of the present work was to provide a systematic, estuary-wide assessment of sediment risk and ecological/conservation value throughout the harbor to guide sediment management decisions. Sediment risk is the likelihood of sediment chemistry causing adverse biological effects to bottom-dwelling animals and was conducted using national sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) for single contaminants and the mean SQG quotient approach to assess chemical mixtures. Sediment risk was negligible at the mouth of the estuary, but increased strongly landwards. The ecological/conservation value assessment was conducted to identify sites that warrant different levels of protection and was conducted using the value of ecological communities and priority waterway use. Consideration of these two parameters combined enabled the estuary to be prioritized for management attention. The prioritization and identification of appropriate management strategies were determined through the use of management matrices also based on sediment risk and ecological/conservation value. A computer package is being developed to provide managers with information on sediment risk, ecological/conservation value, the urgency and the type of management intervention required for any location in Sydney estuary, in real-time. This approach to estuarine management is unique and will greatly improve effective management of Sydney estuary, and other harbors in urgent need of management action and protection.

Birch, Gavin F.; Hutson, Philip

2009-10-01

55

Interpretation at Wetland Sites in the Sydney Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpretive and educational facilities at five wetland sites near Sydney (Australia) were studied to determine their goals, range of facilities and activities, and themes related to wetlands and their conservation covered in informal visitor programs and formal education programs for school groups. Program objectives and activities were generally…

Chadhokar, Yojana; McLoughlin, Lynette C.

1999-01-01

56

A pre-and-post study of an urban renewal program in a socially disadvantaged neighbourhood in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Urban renewal programs aim to target both the physical and social environments to improve the social capital, social connectedness, sense of community and economic conditions of residents of the neighbourhoods. We evaluated the impact of an urban renewal program on the health and well-being of residents of a socially disadvantaged community in south-western Sydney, Australia. Methods Pre- and post-urban renewal program surveys were conducted with householders by trained interviewers. The urban renewal program was conducted over 16?months and consisted of internal upgrades (including internal painting; replacement of kitchens, bathrooms and carpets; general maintenance), external upgrades (including property painting; new fencing, carports, letterboxes, concrete driveways, drainage and landscaping), general external maintenance, and social interventions such as community engagement activities, employment initiatives, and building a community meeting place. The questionnaire asked about demographic characteristics, self-reported physical activity, psychological distress, self-rated health, and perceptions of aesthetics, safety and walkability in the neighbourhood. We used the paired chi-square test (McNemars test) to compare paired proportions. A Bonferroni corrected p-value of <0.0013 denoted statistical significance. Results Following the urban renewal program we did not find statistically significant changes in perceptions of aesthetics, safety and walkability in the neighbourhood. However, post-urban renewal, more householders reported there were attractive buildings and homes in their neighbourhood (18% vs 64%), felt that they belonged to the neighbourhood (48% vs 70%), that their area had a reputation for being a safe place (8% vs 27%), that they felt safe walking down their street after dark (52% vs 85%), and that people who came to live in the neighbourhood would be more likely to stay rather than move elsewhere (13% vs 54%). Changes in psychological distress and self-rated health were not statistically significant. Conclusions We found an increase, in the short-term, in the proportion of householders reporting improvements in some aspects of their immediate neighbourhood following the urban renewal program. It will be important to repeat the survey in the future to determine whether these positive changes are sustained.

2012-01-01

57

Overdose beliefs and management practices among ethnic Vietnamese heroin users in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Ethnic Vietnamese injecting drug users (IDUs) in Australia draw on a range of beliefs and etiologic models, sometimes simultaneously, in order to make sense of health and illness. These include understandings of illness as the result of internal imbalances and Western concepts of disease causation including germ/pollution theory. Methods Observational fieldwork and in-depth interviews were conducted between 2001 and 2006 in neighbourhoods characterised by high proportions of Asian background IDUs and street-based drug markets. Eligibility criteria for the study were: 1) ethnic Vietnamese cultural background; 2) aged 16 years and over and; 3) injected drugs in the last 6 months. Results Participants commonly attempted to treat heroin overdose by withdrawing blood (rút máu) from the body. Central to this practice are cultural beliefs about the role and function of blood in the body and its relationship to illness and health. Participants' beliefs in blood were strongly influenced by understandings of blood expressed in traditional Chinese and Vietnamese medicine. Many participants perceived Western drugs, particularly heroin, as "hot" and "strong". In overdose situations, it was commonly believed that an excessive amount of drugs (particularly heroin) entered the bloodstream and traveled to the heart, making the heart work too hard. Withdrawing blood was understood to reduce the amount of drugs in the body which in turn reduced the effects of drugs on the blood and the heart. Conclusion The explanatory model of overdose employed by ethnic Vietnamese IDUs privileges traditional beliefs about the circulatory, rather than the respiratory, system. This paper explores participants' beliefs about blood, the effects of drugs on blood and the causes of heroin overdose in order to document the explanatory model of overdose used by ethnic Vietnamese IDUs. Implications for overdose prevention, treatment and management are identified and discussed.

Maher, Lisa; Ho, Hien T

2009-01-01

58

"They just scraped off the calluses": a mixed methods exploration of foot care access and provision for people with rheumatoid arthritis in south-western Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background There is little indication that foot health services in Australia are meeting modern day recommendations for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients. The overall objective of this study was to explore the current state of foot health services for patients with RA with an emphasis on identifying barriers to the receipt of appropriate foot care in South-West Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Methods A mixed (quantitative and qualitative) approach was adopted. Indications for appropriate access to foot care were determined by comparing the foot health, disease and socio-demographic characteristics of patients with unmet foot care demands, foot care users and patients with no demands for foot care. Perceptions of provision of, and access to, foot care were explored by conducting telephone-based interviews using an interpretative phenomenology approach with thematic analysis. Results Twenty-nine participants took part in the cross-sectional quantitative research study design, and 12 participants took part in the interpretative phenomenological approach (qualitative study). Foot care access appeared to be driven predominantly by the presence of rearfoot deformity, which was significantly worse amongst participants in the foot care user group (p?=?0.02). Five main themes emerged from the qualitative data: 1) impact of disease-related foot symptoms, 2) footwear difficulties, 3) medical/rheumatology encounters, 4) foot and podiatry care access and experiences, and 5) financial hardship. Conclusions Foot care provision does not appear to be driven by appropriate foot health characteristics such as foot pain or foot-related disability. There may be significant shortfalls in footwear and foot care access and provision in Greater Western Sydney. Several barriers to adequate foot care access and provision were identified and further efforts are required to improve access to and the quality of foot care for people who have RA. Integration of podiatry services within rheumatology centres could resolve unmet needs of people with RA by permitting rapid access to expert-led multidisciplinary foot care for people with RA.

2013-01-01

59

K-Ar dating of fault gouge in the northern Sydney Basin, NSW, Australia—implications for the breakup of Gondwana  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The occurrence of synkinematic and authigenic clay minerals is a common feature in fault gouges. Few attempts have been made to date fault gouges. We present the first age data in Australia for synkinematic illite-smectite growth in two fault zones of the northern Sydney Basin, NSW. The faults occur at Burwood Beach, NSW in the northern part of the Sydney Basin and are hosted by Early Permian siltstones, tuffs and coals of the Lambton Formation, Newcastle Coal Measures. The faults are 1.5 m apart, show normal displacement and trend N-S with steep easterly dips. Foliated gouge zones, comminution and dilational breccias are developed along both fault surfaces. K-Ar ages extracted from samples in the gouge and tuffs in the damage zones are 172 (6-10 ?m) to 119 Ma (<0.4 ?m), respectively. Older ages of 272-281 Ma for the coarse fractions (>2 ?m), 237-245 Ma for the <2 ?m fraction, 218 Ma for the <0.4 ?m fraction and 196 Ma for the <0.1 ?m fraction have been obtained from siltstones within and outside the damage zone. We believe the younger ages of 196-237 Ma indicate the time at which diagenetic illite-smectite formed and the 122-150 Ma dates from the <2 ?m fraction represent the maximum age of gouge formation. The younger ages are thought to reflect the last slip event occurring on the faults, which is related to the rifting and dispersal of the eastern margin of the Australian continent.

Zwingmann, H.; Offler, R.; Wilson, T.; Cox, S. F.

2004-12-01

60

A human thermal climatology of subtropical Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a physiologically relevant thermal comfort index (OUT_SET*), an analysis of the week-by-week human thermal climate of Sydney was carried out for three levels of metabolic activity. The OUT_SET* index is an outdoor version of the widely used indoor comfort index called the standard effective temperature (SET*) incorporating air and mean radiant temperatures, relative humidity, air velocity, clothing insulation and

J. C. Spagnolo; R. J. de Dear

2003-01-01

61

Intranight Trading on The Sydney Futures Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper examines “intranight” patterns in quoted bid-ask spreadsand depth, price volatility and trading volume in the SPI200, 90 Day BAB, 3 Year Bond and 10 Year Bond futures contracts traded on the Sydney Futures Exchange,(SFE). Across all contracts, we document an elevation in both price volatility and trading volume at the open and close of overnight trading sessions,

ALEX FRINO; ANDREW LEPONE; GRANT WEARIN

2006-01-01

62

Characteristics of the 14 April 1999 Sydney hailstorm based on ground observations, weather radar, insurance data and emergency calls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hailstorms occur frequently in metropolitan Sydney, in the eastern Australian State of New South Wales, which is especially vulnerable due to its building exposure and geographical location. Hailstorms challenge disaster response agencies and pose a great risk for insurance companies. This study focuses on the Sydney hailstorm of 14 April 1999 - Australia's most expensive insured natural disaster, with supporting

S. S. Schuster; R. J. Blong; R. J. Leigh; K. J. McAneney

2005-01-01

63

Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami - an application of the revised Papathoma Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment (PTVA-3) Model in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009a, b) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience. Last, we propose the wider application of the PTVA-3 Model as a tool for building vulnerability assessment. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009a). A revised (PTVA) model for assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 1557-1565. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009b). Assessment of the vulnerability of buildings to damage from tsunami (in Sydney). Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 2015-2026.

Dominey-Howes, Dale; Dall'Osso, Fillippo; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.

2010-05-01

64

Aquatic Ecological and Human Health Risk Assessment of Chemicals in Wet Weather Discharges in the Sydney Region, New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sydney Water has completed a risk assessment to assess the risks to human health and aquatic organisms in creeks, rivers, estuaries and ocean waters affected by wet weather sewage overflows, stormwater and sewage treatment plant discharges. The risk assessment methodology consists of a comparison of measured and predicted concentrations of chemicals with toxicity reference values. Estimates of receiving water chemical

Gary Bickford; John Toll; Judi Hansen; Elaine Baker; Robert Keessen

1999-01-01

65

Experiences in managing problematic crystal methamphetamine use and associated depression in gay men and HIV positive men: in-depth interviews with general practitioners in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper describes the experiences of Australian general practitioners (GPs) in managing problematic crystal methamphetamine (crystal meth) use among two groups of male patients: gay men and HIV positive men. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews with GPs with HIV medication prescribing rights were conducted in Sydney, Adelaide and a rural-coastal town in New South Wales between August and October 2006.

Deborah C Saltman; Christy E Newman; Limin Mao; Susan C Kippax; Michael R Kidd

2008-01-01

66

The media at Asilomar, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Manipulation>Revolution>putting it together Sydney Brenner on the Press at Asilomar Sydney Brenner talks about his suggestion that the Press switch off their tape recorders at Asilomar.

2008-10-06

67

Is there a role for workplaces in reducing employees' driving to work? Findings from a cross-sectional survey from inner-west Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background The role of workplaces in promoting active travel (walking, cycling or using public transport) is relatively unexplored. This study explores the potential for workplaces to reduce employees' driving to work in order to inform the development of workplace interventions for promoting active travel. Methods An analysis of a cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from parents/guardians whose children participated in the Central Sydney Walk to School Program in inner-west Sydney, Australia. A total of 888 parents/guardians who were employed and worked outside home were included in this analysis. The role of the workplace in regards to active travel was assessed by asking the respondents' level of agreement to eight statements including workplace encouragement of active travel, flexible working hours, public transport availability, convenient parking, shower and change rooms for employees and whether they lived or worked in a safe place. Self-reported main mode of journey to work and demographic data were collected through a self-administrated survey. Binary logistic regression modelling was used to ascertain independent predictors of driving to work. Results Sixty nine per cent of respondents travelled to work by car, and 19% agreed with the statement, "My workplace encourages its employees to go to and from work by public transport, cycling and/or walking (active travel)." The survey respondents with a workplace encouraging active travel to work were significantly less likely to drive to work (49%) than those without this encouragement (73%) with an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of 0.41 (95% CI 0.23-0.73, P = 0.002). Having convenient public transport close to the workplace or home was also an important factor that could discourage employees from driving to work with AOR 0.17 (95% CI 0.09-0.31, P < 0.0001) and AOR 0.50 (95% CI 0.28-0.90, P = 0.02) respectively. In contrast, convenient parking near the workplace significantly increased the likelihood of respondents driving to work (AOR 4.6, 95% CI 2.8-7.4, P < 0.0001). Conclusions There is a significant inverse association between the perception of workplace encouragement for active travel and driving to work. Increases in the number of workplaces that encourage their employees to commute to work via active travel could potentially lead to fewer employees driving to work. In order to make active travel more appealing than driving to work, workplace interventions should consider developing supportive workplace policies and environments.

2010-01-01

68

The scientific legacy of Sydney Chapman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney Chapman (1888-1970) was arguably one of the greatest scientists of the twentieth century. His comprehensive work on the kinetic theory of gases and solar-terrestrial physics, as well as on the mechanisms behind the formation of Earth's ozone layer, has inspired a wide swath of research spanning several generations [Van Allen, 1970]. Chapman, a member of the Royal Society, in London, and president of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), also was a recipient of AGU's William Bowie Medal. Young AGU members today may recognize Chapman from the topical conferences that carry his name. Although his biography has so far not been published, he gave three talks on his life: two at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo., in 1965 and 1966, and one at the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, in 1967 (see Figure 1). All three are transcribed and included in a book, Sydney Chapman, Eighty: From His Friends [Akasofu et al., 1968]. These talks, combined with other sources, shed light on this insightful and discerning scientist.

Akasofu, Syun-Ichi

2011-08-01

69

An environmental intervention to promote walking and cycling—the impact of a newly constructed Rail Trail in Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFew studies have evaluated environmental changes to promote physical activity. The impact of a local promotional campaign around a newly constructed Rail Trail in western Sydney, Australia, was assessed.

Dafna Merom; Adrian Bauman; Philip Vita; Glenn Close

2003-01-01

70

A comparison of the sports safety policies and practices of community sports clubs during training and competition in northern Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To compare the safety policies and practices reported to be adopted during training and competition by community sports clubs in northern Sydney, Australia. Methods: This cross sectional study involved face to face interviews, using an 81 item extensively validated questionnaire, with representatives of 163 community netball, rugby league, rugby union, and soccer clubs (response rate 85%). The study was undertaken during the winter sports season of 2000. Two separate 14 item scales were developed to analyse the level of safety policy adoption and safety practice implementation during training and competition. The statistical analysis comprised descriptive and inferential analysis stratified by sport. Results: The reliability of the scales was good: Cronbach's ? = 0.70 (competition scale) to 0.81 (training scale). Significant differences were found between the safety scores for training and competition for all clubs (mean difference 11.2; 95% confidence interval (CI) 10.0 to 12.5) and for each of the four sports: netball (mean difference 14.9; 95% CI 12.6 to 17.2); rugby league (mean difference 10.3; 95% CI 7.1 to 13.6); rugby union (mean difference 9.4; 95% CI 7.1 to 11.7); and soccer (mean difference 8.4; 95% CI 6.5 to 10.3). Conclusions: The differences in the mean competition and training safety scores were significant for all sports. This indicates that safety policies were less often adopted and practices less often implemented during training than during competition. As injuries do occur at training, and sports participants often spend considerably more time training than competing, sporting bodies should consider whether the safety policies and practices adopted and implemented at training are adequate.

Donaldson, A; Forero, R; Finch, C; Hill, T

2004-01-01

71

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in road-deposited sediments, water sediments, and soils in Sydney, Australia: Comparisons of concentration distribution, sources and potential toxicity.  

PubMed

Sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) considered as priority environmental pollutants were analysed in surface natural soils (NS), road-deposited sediments (RDS), and water sediments (WS) at Kogarah in Sydney, Australia. Comparisons were made of their concentration distributions, likely sources and potential toxicities. The concentrations (mg/kg) in NS, RDS, and WS ranged from 0.40 to 7.49 (mean 2.80), 1.65 to 4.00 (mean 2.91), and 0.49 to 5.19 (mean 1.76), respectively. PAHs were dominated by relatively high molecular weight compounds with more than three fused benzene rings, indicating that high temperature combustion processes were their predominant sources. The proportions of high molecular weight PAHs with five or six fused benzene rings were higher in NS than in RDS, whereas the low molecular weight PAHs were higher in RDS. Concentrations of all PAHs compounds were observed to be the lowest in WS. The concentrations of most of the high molecular weight PAHs significantly correlated with each other in RDS and WS. All PAHs (except naphthalene) were significantly correlated in NS suggesting a common PAH source. Ratios for individual diagnostic PAHs demonstrated that the primary source of PAHs in WS and NS was of pyrogenic origin (combustion of petroleum (vehicle exhaust), grass, and wood) while in RDS it was petrogenic (i.e. unburned or leaked fuel and oil, road asphalt, and tyre particles) as well as pyrogenic. The potential toxicities of PAHs calculated using a toxicity equivalent quotient (TEQ) were all low but higher for NS compared to WS and RDS. PMID:24732030

Nguyen, Thuy Chung; Loganathan, Paripurnanda; Nguyen, Tien Vinh; Vigneswaran, Saravanamuthu; Kandasamy, Jaya; Slee, Danny; Stevenson, Gavin; Naidu, Ravi

2014-06-01

72

Gallery 21: Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson (2)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

(Page 2 of 2) Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson trying to arrange a visit to Meselson's lab. Meselson forwarded the letter to George 'Beets' Beadle, department chair, to request financial assistance for Brenner.

2009-12-26

73

Gallery 21: Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson (1)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

(Page 1 of 2) Letter from Sydney Brenner to Matt Meselson trying to arrange a visit to Meselson's lab. Meselson forwarded the letter to George 'Beets' Beadle, department chair, to request financial assistance for Brenner.

2009-12-26

74

Sydney Tar Ponds: Some Problems in Quantifying Toxic Waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on the type and amount of hazardous and toxic waste is required to develop a meaningful strategy and estimate\\u000a a realistic cost for clean up of the Sydney Tar Pond site which is located on Cape Breton, in the province of Nova Scotia,\\u000a Canada. The site covers the area of the decommissioned Sysco (Sydney Steel Corporation) plant. The materials

EDWARD FURIMSKY

2002-01-01

75

Tracing Discourses of Social Action: Inner-City Sydney Neighbourhood Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on my doctoral research around community organizations in the inner city of Sydney, Australia. The neighbourhood centres (NCs) provide a case study of sites where discourses of feminism, multiculturalism and urban environmentalism have been activated within a social justice framework. The research participants were activists…

Rule, John

2005-01-01

76

Globalization and the public sphereExploring the space of community media in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent accounts of Habermas's conception of the public sphere concern the interlocking of multiple networks and spaces. In a global context new interfaces between existing (counter-) public spheres can lead to multiple counter-publics. This article explores this phenomenon through the examination of the communicative spaces that offer alternatives to Australia's mainstream public sphere from three different strands of Sydney's community

Nick Couldry; Tanja Dreher

2007-01-01

77

Creating Effective Holocaust Education Programmes for Government Schools with Large Muslim Populations in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Holocaust education can play a role in countering the ongoing problem of prejudice and incitement to hate that can lead to racial tension and violence. This article examines the beliefs of Muslim school children towards Jews in Sydney, Australia. It then discusses efforts to use Holocaust education to combat racist beliefs and hate language, and…

Rutland, Suzanne D.

2010-01-01

78

Comparative Analysis of Multidrug-Resistant, Non-Multidrug-Resistant, and Archaic Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from Central Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

In this study, the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of 50 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates (43 contemporary and 7 archaic strains from the mid-1960s) from four Sydney hospitals in the central Sydney area were compared. Phenotypic analysis based on antibiotic profiles and phage typing patterns categorized the MRSA isolates into three major groups: multidrug resistant (mMRSA), non-multidrug resistant (nmMRSA), and archaic. The nmMRSA isolates could be further subdivided into nmMRSA group 1, which was phage typeable and similar to the archaic group; nmMRSA group 2, which was non-phage typeable and only resistant to ciprofloxacin; and nmMRSA group 3, which was also nontypeable and generally resistant to other antibiotics. The characterization of all five phenotypic groups was then extended by genetic analysis. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis showed the 50 isolates could be sorted into 20 group-specific pulsotypes. mecI gene deletions and mutations at various percentages among the five MRSA groups were detected by sequencing. Several mec promoter mutations were also found. The overall findings indicated that nmMRSA strains may have independently acquired mec DNA and are more likely to be newly emergent strains than nmMRSA variants.

Watson, Jason; Givney, Rod; Beard-Pegler, Mary; Rose, Barbara; Merlino, John; Vickery, Alison; Gottlieb, Tom; Bradbury, Ross; Harbour, Colin

2003-01-01

79

Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami in Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience.

Dall'Osso, F.; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.; Dominey-Howes, D.

2009-12-01

80

Convention Services Management in Sydney Four to Five Star Hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little empirical research has been conducted in the field of Convention Services Management within the hotel sector. The purpose of this paper is to report on a study that sought to investigate the role and function of the convention services department and the convention services manager in four and five star hotels in Sydney.It identifies the role of convention services

Vivienne McCabe

1999-01-01

81

Rewriting "The Road to Nowhere": Place Pedagogies in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Negative representations of parts of our cities are endemic in the Australian media, where certain suburbs function as motifs for failure--past, present, and future. Indeed, as one journalist put it after invoking the "interchangeable" triumvirate of Sydney's Mount Druitt, Melbourne's West Heidelberg, and Brisbane's Inala, "geography is destiny"…

Gannon, Susanne

2009-01-01

82

Difference and Diversity at the University of Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education does not exist in isolation from the broader world. The political, social and economic reality that shapes Australian life has a powerful influence on the ways in which curriculum, pedagogy and policy are constructed. At the University of Western Sydney, in accordance with the university's goals and commitments to equity…

Diaz, Criss Jones

2004-01-01

83

Unpacking Interpretation: De-Constructions from Australia, America and Reggio Emilia. Selected Conference Papers from the Unpacking Conference (6th, Sydney, Australia, July 16-17, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference proceedings compiles a representative sample of the papers presented at the Institute of Early Childhood in July 2001, one in a series of conferences examining the challenges which the schools of Reggio Emilia, Italy present the early childhood profession in Australia. The conference focused on the interpretation of experiences and…

Fleet, Alma, Ed.; Robertson, Janet, Ed.

84

An outbreak of a penicillin-sensitive strain of gonorrhoea in Sydney men  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To describe an outbreak of gonorrhoea caused by penicillin sensitive Wild type 1B2-Wt\\/1B2(FS), in homosexual men in Sydney. DESIGN AND SETTING--The study sample comprised all gonococcal isolates referred to the Gonococcal Reference Laboratory (GRL), New South Wales, Australia between 1 January 1990 and 30 June 1992. Demographic data on Wt\\/1B2(FS) were sought by review of all request forms accompanying specimens

J H Rowbottom; J W Tapsall; D C Plummer; N J Bodsworth; M A MacDonald; I W Chambers; J M Kaldor

1994-01-01

85

Exposure to ultrafine particles and PM 2.5 in four Sydney transport modes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concentrations of ultrafine (<0.1 ?m) particles (UFPs) and PM2.5 (<2.5 ?m) were measured whilst commuting along a similar route by train, bus, ferry and automobile in Sydney, Australia. One trip on each transport mode was undertaken during both morning and evening peak hours throughout a working week, for a total of 40 trips. Analyses comprised one-way ANOVA to compare overall (i.e. all

Luke D. Knibbs; Richard J. de Dear

2010-01-01

86

PM 10 concentrations and mass transport during "Red Dawn" - Sydney 23 September 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dust storm on 22 and 23 September 2009, called "Red Dawn", was the largest to pass over Sydney in term of reduced visibility (400 m) since reliable records began in 1940. The maximum hourly PM 10 concentration measured near Sydney was 15,366 ?g/m 3 at Bringelly and is the highest ever recorded for Sydney and possibly any Australian capital city. The Australian air quality standard of 50 ?g/m 3 per 24 h was massively exceeded at Randwick (1734 ?g/m 3) and Newcastle (2426 ?g/m 3). Red Dawn was caused by drought and the extreme wind conditions caused by a low pressure trough and cold front associated with a deep cut-off low pressure system. The source of the dust was the red sandplains of western New South Wales, the sandplains, riverine channels and lakes of the lower Lake Eyre Basin and Channel Country of Queensland. Between 22 September 2009 at 1400 and 23 September 2009, 0.3 Mt of PM 10 dust was transported off the coast between Albion Park and Newcastle (182 km length) near Sydney. The maximum hourly rate of PM 10 dust lost off the coast near Sydney was 71,015 t/h on 22 September at 2100. Calculating the total suspended particulate sediment lost off the Australian coast for the 3000 km long Red Dawn dust storm gives an estimate of 2.54 Mt for a plume height of 2500 m. This is the first and largest off-continent loss of soil ever reported using measured, as apposed to modelled, dust concentrations for Australia.

Leys, John F.; Heidenreich, Stephan K.; Strong, Craig L.; McTainsh, Grant H.; Quigley, Suzanne

2011-12-01

87

Outcomes of Ethnic Minority Groups with Node-Positive, Non-Metastatic Breast Cancer in Two Tertiary Referral Canters in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Purpose There is a lack of information in ethnic minority groups with regard to presentation and treatment of early node-positive breast cancer. We carried out a retrospective study of patients referred to two tertiary cancer centers in South Western Sydney, both of which serve a high proportion of this ethnic minority population. Patients and methods Women who had pathologically node-positive non-metastatic breast cancer (T1-3, N1-3, M0) diagnosed between 2003 and 2006 were studied, with variables of interest being tumor size, number of positive nodes, histological grade, hormone receptor status, age at diagnosis, country of birth and treatment. We compared the Asian and Western subgroups with regard to tumor characteristics, treatment and clinical outcomes. Results A total of 652 eligible patients were identified, with a median follow-up of 6.1 years. Women with Asian backgrounds (n?=?125, 20%) were significantly younger at presentation (48 years versus 55 years, p-value <0.0001) and more likely to undergo mastectomy (53% versus 39%, p-value 0.0009) and chemotherapy (86% versus 72%, p-value 0.0063) than their non-Asian counterparts. Tumor stage, grade and receptor status were not statistically different between these two groups. There were also no differences in disease-free survival and overall survival, with medians of 12.7 and 14.8 years respectively. Conclusion Women of Asian background are younger at diagnosis, which may reflect population epidemiology and likely results in higher uptake of chemotherapy. Higher mastectomy rates may be influenced by cultural factors. Future research is warranted to investigate potential differences in tumor biology, psychosocial, economic and cultural factors.

Lim, Stephanie H.; Delaney, Geoff P.; Descallar, Joseph; Sayaloune, Phan; Papadatos, George; de Souza, Paul

2014-01-01

88

Should cities hosting mass gatherings invest in public health surveillance and planning? Reflections from a decade of mass gatherings in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Mass gatherings have been defined by the World Health Organisation as "events attended by a sufficient number of people to strain the planning and response resources of a community, state or nation". This paper explores the public health response to mass gatherings in Sydney, the factors that influenced the extent of deployment of resources and the utility of planning for mass gatherings as a preparedness exercise for other health emergencies. Discussion Not all mass gatherings of people require enhanced surveillance and additional response. The main drivers of extensive public health planning for mass gatherings reflect geographical spread, number of international visitors, event duration and political and religious considerations. In these instances, the implementation of a formal risk assessment prior to the event with ongoing daily review is important in identifying public health hazards. Developing and utilising event-specific surveillance to provide early-warning systems that address the specific risks identified through the risk assessment process are essential. The extent to which additional resources are required will vary and depend on the current level of surveillance infrastructure. Planning the public health response is the third step in preparing for mass gatherings. If the existing public health workforce has been regularly trained in emergency response procedures then far less effort and resources will be needed to prepare for each mass gathering event. The use of formal emergency management structures and co-location of surveillance and planning operational teams during events facilitates timely communication and action. Summary One-off mass gathering events can provide a catalyst for innovation and engagement and result in opportunities for ongoing public health planning, training and surveillance enhancements that outlasted each event.

Thackway, Sarah; Churches, Timothy; Fizzell, Jan; Muscatello, David; Armstrong, Paul

2009-01-01

89

Travel Mode and Physical Activity at Sydney University  

PubMed Central

How staff and students travel to university can impact their physical activity level. An online survey of physical activity and travel behaviour was conducted in early November 2012 to inform planning of physical activity and active travel promotion programs at the University of Sydney, Australia as part of the “Sit Less, Move More” sub-committee of the Healthy University Initiative, and as baseline data for evaluation. There were 3,737 useable responses, 60% of which were from students. Four out of five respondents travelled to the University on the day of interest (Tuesday, November 30, 2012). The most frequently used travel modes were train (32%), car as driver (22%), bus (17%), walking (17%) and cycling (6%). Staff were twice as likely to drive as students, and also slightly more likely to use active transport, defined as walking and cycling (26% versus 22%). Overall, 41% of respondents were sufficiently active (defined by meeting physical activity recommendations of 150 min per week). Participants were more likely to meet physical activity recommendations if they travelled actively to the University. With a high proportion of respondents using active travel modes or public transport already, increasing the physical activity levels and increasing the use of sustainable travel modes would mean a mode shift from public transport to walking and cycling for students is needed and a mode shift from driving to public transport or active travel for University staff. Strategies to achieve this are discussed.

Rissel, Chris; Mulley, Corinne; Ding, Ding

2013-01-01

90

Travel mode and physical activity at Sydney University.  

PubMed

How staff and students travel to university can impact their physical activity level. An online survey of physical activity and travel behaviour was conducted in early November 2012 to inform planning of physical activity and active travel promotion programs at the University of Sydney, Australia as part of the "Sit Less, Move More" sub-committee of the Healthy University Initiative, and as baseline data for evaluation. There were 3,737 useable responses, 60% of which were from students. Four out of five respondents travelled to the University on the day of interest (Tuesday, November 30, 2012). The most frequently used travel modes were train (32%), car as driver (22%), bus (17%), walking (17%) and cycling (6%). Staff were twice as likely to drive as students, and also slightly more likely to use active transport, defined as walking and cycling (26% versus 22%). Overall, 41% of respondents were sufficiently active (defined by meeting physical activity recommendations of 150 min per week). Participants were more likely to meet physical activity recommendations if they travelled actively to the University. With a high proportion of respondents using active travel modes or public transport already, increasing the physical activity levels and increasing the use of sustainable travel modes would mean a mode shift from public transport to walking and cycling for students is needed and a mode shift from driving to public transport or active travel for University staff. Strategies to achieve this are discussed. PMID:23939390

Rissel, Chris; Mulley, Corinne; Ding, Ding

2013-08-01

91

The emergence and evolution of the novel epidemic norovirus GII.4 variant Sydney 2012.  

PubMed

Norovirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis with most infections caused by GII.4 variants. To understand the evolutionary processes that contribute to the emergence of GII.4 variants, we examined the molecular epidemiology of norovirus-associated acute gastroenteritis in Australia and New Zealand from 893 outbreaks between 2009 and 2012. Throughout the study GII.4 New Orleans 2009 was predominant; however, during 2012 it was replaced by an emergent GII.4 variant, Sydney 2012. An evolutionary analysis of capsid gene sequences was performed to determine the origins and selective pressures driving the emergence of these recently circulating GII.4 variants. This revealed that both New Orleans 2009 and Sydney 2012 share a common ancestor with GII.4 Apeldoorn 2007. Furthermore, pre-epidemic ancestral variants of each virus were identified up to two years before their pandemic emergence. Adaptive changes at known blockade epitopes in the viral capsid were also identified that likely contributed to their emergence. PMID:24503072

Eden, John-Sebastian; Hewitt, Joanne; Lim, Kun Lee; Boni, Maciej F; Merif, Juan; Greening, Gail; Ratcliff, Rodney M; Holmes, Edward C; Tanaka, Mark M; Rawlinson, William D; White, Peter A

2014-02-01

92

The emergence and evolution of the novel epidemic norovirus GII.4 variant Sydney 2012  

PubMed Central

Norovirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis with most infections caused by GII.4 variants. To understand the evolutionary processes that contribute to the emergence of GII.4 variants, we examined the molecular epidemiology of norovirus-associated acute gastroenteritis in Australia and New Zealand from 893 outbreaks between 2009 and 2012. Throughout the study GII.4 New Orleans 2009 was predominant; however, during 2012 it was replaced by an emergent GII.4 variant, Sydney 2012. An evolutionary analysis of capsid gene sequences was performed to determine the origins and selective pressures driving the emergence of these recently circulating GII.4 variants. This revealed that both New Orleans 2009 and Sydney 2012 share a common ancestor with GII.4 Apeldoorn 2007. Furthermore, pre-epidemic ancestral variants of each virus were identified up to two years before their pandemic emergence. Adaptive changes at known blockade epitopes in the viral capsid were also identified that likely contributed to their emergence.

Eden, John-Sebastian; Hewitt, Joanne; Lee Lim, Kun; Boni, Maciej F.; Merif, Juan; Greening, Gail; Ratcliff, Rodney M.; Holmes, Edward C.; Tanaka, Mark M.; Rawlinson, William D.; White, Peter A.

2014-01-01

93

The Sydney Olympics: Striving for Legacies – Overcoming Short-Term Disappointments and Long-Term Deficiencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a stakeholder perspective the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games are investigated in terms of their economic, social, environmental, knowledge, sporting and political legacies. From a sporting perspective, elite sport in Australia has profited at the expense of sport for all. The sporting infrastructure legacy is improving, but at continued ongoing cost to the New South Wales' taxpayer. Any social impacts

Kristine Toohey

2008-01-01

94

Time spent playing outdoors after school and its relationship with independent mobility: a cross-sectional survey of children aged 10-12 years in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Time spent outdoors is positively associated with physical activity and has been suggested as a proxy for physical activity of children. The role of children's independence in physical activity and time spent outdoors is less understood. This study aimed to assess how much time children spent playing outdoors after school, and to explore the relationship between outdoor play and independence among children aged 10–12 years. Method Children recorded how much time they spent playing outdoors or watching TV/videos or playing computer games after school using a five-day diary, and also reported whether they were allowed to walk on their own in their neighbourhood as an indicator of their independent mobility. Parents were surveyed on family demographics and perception of neighbourhood safety. The surveys were conducted in late 2006 as part of the Central Sydney Walk to School program which involved 1975 children and their parents from 24 primary schools. Factors associated with time spent playing outdoors were determined by logistic regression modelling. Results Thirty-seven per cent of children spent less than half an hour a day playing outdoors after school, and 43% spent more than 2 hours a day watching TV, videos or playing computer games. Forty-eight per cent of children were allowed to walk on their own near where they lived. Children's independent mobility was significantly associated with outdoor play after adjusting for other confounders. Compared with those who were never allowed to walk on their own near where they lived, students who were allowed to walk on their own were significantly more likely to spend more than half an hour a day playing outdoors after school with an adjusted odds ratio of 2.6, 95% CI 1.84–3.58, P < 0.001. Conclusion The findings that a significant proportion of children spend less than half an hour a day playing outdoors after school and have excessive screen time have important implications for physical activity promotion and obesity prevention. The study also suggests that children's independent mobility should be considered in research and evaluation into children's play and physical activity. Environments that promote greater independent mobility in children may increase their physical activity levels and hence reduce their risk of overweight/obesity.

Wen, Li Ming; Kite, James; Merom, Dafna; Rissel, Chris

2009-01-01

95

Eye donation in Sydney metropolitan palliative care units.  

PubMed

Organ donation is generally accepted within the medical profession as a beneficial practice with demand continuing to exceed supply. For patients who are dying from cancer opportunities for organ donation are generally limited to eye donation. Between July 1, 2006 and 30 June 2007 over 2000 deaths occurred in nine palliative care units (PCUs) in metropolitan Sydney. Of these deaths only 50 patients became eye donors. Donors came from only four of the nine inpatient PCUs. Of these four, two provided nearly 90% of the eye donations. Only two PCUs in the Sydney metropolitan area provide significant numbers of eye donations. There are likely to be a number of factors contributing to the low rate of eye donation from PCUs and these are discussed in detail. PMID:19821700

Roach, Rebecca; Broadbent, Andrew M

2010-02-01

96

Federal Health Minister speaks at Notre Dame Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal Minister for Health and Ageing, The Hon Tony Abbott, gave a public lecture last night at Notre Dame’s Sydney Campus. Entitled, “Faith and the public life”, the 30 minute lecture was a frank account of Mr Abbott’s spiritual and public life.\\u000aThe Minister included his views on such controversial issues as euthanasia, abortion, refugees, stem cell research, work choices

Moira Saunders

2007-01-01

97

Review of the analysis of relics associated with the HMAS Sydney II  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 1941 sinking of the HMAS Sydney II in action with the German raider KSN Kormoran off the coast of Western Australia has been a source of mystery and speculation for more than 60 years. HMAS Sydney II was lost with all hands. The largest item of flotsam found in the vicinity was a Carley float, which was riddled with holes some of which contained small metallic items. The float was subjected to various physical and elemental examination methods in 1992 in an attempt to determine what may have happened. Three months after sinking, the unidentified body of a man washed ashore at Christmas Island in another Carley float. Relics found in his unmarked grave in 2006 included several degraded and corroded press-studs, some containing fragments of fabric. A metal fragment was recovered from the man's skull. XRF, SEM-EDS, Raman and FTIR spectroscopy, and X-ray tomography analysis of these items was conducted in an attempt to determine what link the sailor may have to the HMAS Sydney II.

Treasure, Alana; Bailey, George; Challenor, Catherine; Otieno-Alego, Vincent; Creagh, Dudley

2010-07-01

98

Relationships between dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like biphenyls (dl-PCBs) congener concentrations in aquatic organisms from Sydney Estuary, Australia and physiology, spatial, seasonality, trophodynamic and life history traits.  

PubMed

Over the past few decades, there has been considerable interest in hydrophobic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and their accumulative properties in aquatic organisms. Several factors, such as environmental concentrations (i.e. in sediment) and physiological characteristics of organisms determine species-specific accumulation patterns of POPs in marine animal tissue. The present study investigated factors that govern species-specific accumulation patterns of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in a food web from Sydney Estuary (Australia). The results indicated that physiological characteristics, i.e. lipid %, spatial, i.e. distance from Homebush Bay (point source of POPs) and life history characteristics of the organisms, such as diet and home range, influence PCDD/F and dl-PCB tissue concentrations to a varying degree. For example, PCDD/F tissue concentrations increased with the presence of detritivorous diet, species with limited home range and close proximity to Homebush Bay. On the other hand, lipid %, piscivorous diet and close proximity to Homebush Bay were the main predictors causing increases in dl-PCB tissue levels. Distance from Homebush Bay was the only predictor affecting both PCDD/F and dl-PCB tissue levels at a similar rate, i.e. decreasing tissue concentrations as the distance increases from Homebush Bay. PMID:24840280

Sezmis, Aysha Laila; Birch, Gavin; Covaci, Adrian

2014-08-15

99

Sydney Observatory and astronomy teaching in the 90s  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computers and the Internet have created a revolution in the way astronomy can be communicated to the public. At Sydney Observatory we make full use of these recent developments. In our lecture room a variety of sophisticated computer programs can show, with the help of a projection TV system, the appearance and motion of the sky at any place, date or time. The latest HST images obtained from the Internet can be shown, as can images taken through our own Meade 16 inch telescope. This recently installed computer-controlled telescope with its accurate pointing is an ideal instrument for a light-polluted site such as ours.

Lomb, N.

1996-05-01

100

Angular pointing and guidance for the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) uses siderostats (plane, alt-azimuth mounted mirrors) to reflect starlight into the instrument. The analysis of the pointing and guidance of the siderostats by traditional methods is not practical and vector algebra has been used to develop the required algorithms. Real siderostats will not be ideal and can be modelled by a set of parameters. The methods for determining the model parameters and for incorporating them into the guidance and pointing algorithms is described. Field rotation also affects the operation of SUSI, and the field rotation angle and related quantities are also determined.

Tango, W. J.; Thorvaldson, E. D.

1996-11-01

101

Evidence for recombination between pandemic GII.4 norovirus strains New Orleans 2009 and Sydney 2012.  

PubMed

During 2012, a novel pandemic GII.4 norovirus variant, Sydney 2012, emerged worldwide. A signature of the variant was a GII.Pe ORF1, in association with GII.4 Apeldoorn 2008-like ORF2-ORF3 genes. We report the detection of recombinant GII.4 Sydney 2012 strains, possessing the ORF1 gene of the former pandemic variant New Orleans 2009. PMID:23966499

Martella, V; Medici, M C; De Grazia, S; Tummolo, F; Calderaro, A; Bonura, F; Saporito, L; Terio, V; Catella, C; Lanave, G; Buonavoglia, C; Giammanco, G M

2013-11-01

102

Post-Suburban Sydney: Community Between Global Commodity and Local Autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

But looked at closely, this isn't quite the core of the barriers to change. These other cities, too, struggle with severe growth disorders at their fringes. And in many ways Sydney is not like any of these cities. Like some Asian and North American metropolitan regions young Sydney is exploding into an enormous, quasi-urban configuration driven by powerful forces and

Peter Droege

103

A major fire event recorded in the mesofossils and petrology of the Late Permian, Lower Whybrow coal seam, Sydney Basin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petrographic and mesofossil analyses of plies from the Late Permian, Lower Whybrow coal, New South Wales, Australia have revealed a significant fire event in both the swamp setting and the hinterland. The fire event is characterised by a change in the maceral composition, the seam during this interval being dominated by inertinite, especially semifusinite. Following the fire event, the mineral

Ian Glasspool

2000-01-01

104

What Do We Expect of Education? Selected Papers from the Annual Conference of the Australian College of Education (24th, Sydney, Australia, May 15-20, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains papers presented at a conference on educational promise, performance, and expectations. Papers included in this volume are: (1) "Education in Australia: We Get What We Deserve" (S. Ball); (2) "The Size and Scale: What is Expected" (J. G. Owen); (3) "The Search for Educational Quality and Equality: A U. S. View" (A. Harry…

Philps, R., Ed.; Shannon, A. G., Ed.

105

Photosensitivity: the 9-year experience at a Sydney contact dermatitis clinic.  

PubMed

In this retrospective study, 81 patients with photosensitivity were referred to the Contact and Occupational Dermatitis Clinic at The Skin and Cancer Foundation Australia, in Sydney, between 1991 and 1999. Photoallergic contact dermatitis (PACD) was diagnosed in 39.5% of patients, with 87.5% of these reactions being to sunscreen chemicals. Polymorphic light eruption (PMLE) accounted for 19.7% of cases, drug photosensitivity 14.8%, and photoaggravated atopic dermatitis and chronic actinic dermatitis (CAD) each constituted 7.4%. Compared with overseas studies, there was a high incidence of PACD, possibly reflecting the referral bias and widespread use of sunscreens. The incidence of PMLE and CAD was less than studies from cooler climates overseas. No cause could be determined for three photosensitive patients. PMID:12423437

Lee, Penny A; Freeman, Susanne

2002-11-01

106

Entamoeba moshkovskii infections in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entamoeba moshkovskii is considered to be a free-living ameba, which is morphologically similar, but biochemically and genetically different, to\\u000a Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar. However, recent studies have suggested that E. moshkovskii may be a “potential” pathogen, with infections giving rise to diarrhea and other intestinal disorders. Microscopy and polymerase\\u000a chain reaction (PCR) targeting the 18S ribosomal (r) DNA was

R. Fotedar; D. Stark; D. Marriott; J. Ellis; J. Harkness

2008-01-01

107

The Sydney-AAO Multi-object Integral field spectrograph  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate a novel technology that combines the power of the multi-object spectrograph with the spatial multiplex advantage of an integral field spectrograph (IFS). The Sydney-AAO (Australian Astronomical Observatory) Multi-object IFS (SAMI) is a prototype wide-field system at the Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT) that allows 13 imaging fibre bundles ('hexabundles') to be deployed over a 1-degree diameter field of view. Each hexabundle comprises 61 lightly fused multi-mode fibres with reduced cladding and yields a 75 per cent filling factor. Each fibre core diameter subtends 1.6 arcsec on the sky and each hexabundle has a field of view of 15 arcsec diameter. The fibres are fed to the flexible AAOmega double-beam spectrograph, which can be used at a range of spectral resolutions (R=?/??? 1700-13 000) over the optical spectrum (3700-9500 Å). We present the first spectroscopic results obtained with SAMI for a sample of galaxies at z? 0.05. We discuss the prospects of implementing hexabundles at a much higher multiplex over wider fields of view in order to carry out spatially resolved spectroscopic surveys of 104-105 galaxies.

Croom, Scott M.; Lawrence, Jon S.; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss; Bryant, Julia J.; Fogarty, Lisa; Richards, Samuel; Goodwin, Michael; Farrell, Tony; Miziarski, Stan; Heald, Ron; Jones, D. Heath; Lee, Steve; Colless, Matthew; Brough, Sarah; Hopkins, Andrew M.; Bauer, Amanda E.; Birchall, Michael N.; Ellis, Simon; Horton, Anthony; Leon-Saval, Sergio; Lewis, Geraint; López-Sánchez, Á. R.; Min, Seong-Sik; Trinh, Christopher; Trowland, Holly

2012-03-01

108

The Impact of Climate Change on Ozone-Related Mortality in Sydney  

PubMed Central

Coupled global, regional and chemical transport models are now being used with relative-risk functions to determine the impact of climate change on human health. Studies have been carried out for global and regional scales, and in our paper we examine the impact of climate change on ozone-related mortality at the local scale across an urban metropolis (Sydney, Australia). Using three coupled models, with a grid spacing of 3 km for the chemical transport model (CTM), and a mortality relative risk function of 1.0006 per 1 ppb increase in daily maximum 1-hour ozone concentration, we evaluated the change in ozone concentrations and mortality between decades 1996–2005 and 2051–2060. The global model was run with the A2 emissions scenario. As there is currently uncertainty regarding a threshold concentration below which ozone does not impact on mortality, we calculated mortality estimates for the three daily maximum 1-hr ozone concentration thresholds of 0, 25 and 40 ppb. The mortality increase for 2051–2060 ranges from 2.3% for a 0 ppb threshold to 27.3% for a 40 ppb threshold, although the numerical increases differ little. Our modeling approach is able to identify the variation in ozone-related mortality changes at a suburban scale, estimating that climate change could lead to an additional 55 to 65 deaths across Sydney in the decade 2051–2060. Interestingly, the largest increases do not correspond spatially to the largest ozone increases or the densest population centres. The distribution pattern of changes does not seem to vary with threshold value, while the magnitude only varies slightly.

Physick, William; Cope, Martin; Lee, Sunhee

2014-01-01

109

"Arrogant Conceit and Impertinence": John Metcalfe's Secondment to the University of Sydney Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1956-57 John Metcalfe was seconded from the Public Library of New South Wales to the University of Sydney to report on the needs of the University Library. This is a forgotten chapter in that Library's history, and a hitherto unexamined aspect of Metcalfe's career. Metcalfe was apparently manoeuvering to leave the Public Library, and expected…

Radford, Neil A.

2006-01-01

110

The role of folk pharmacology and lay experts in harm reduction: Sydney gay drug using networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Controlled illicit drug use has received relatively scant scholarly attention. This article seeks to examine the phenomenon of controlled drug use among inner Sydney gay men by accounting for the range of social regulatory mechanisms that contribute to managed use. The article explores the socio-historical contexts in which such use is embedded and investigates the social norms of control that

Erica Southgate; Max Hopwood

2001-01-01

111

A Structuration Theory Analysis of the Refugee Action Support Program in Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses Gidden's structuration theory to analyse the Refugee Action Support program in Greater Western Sydney. The study shows that many refugee students in Australian high schools experience difficulty with academic transition in mainstream classrooms due to their previous experiences in war-torn countries. As a result of the trauma…

Naidoo, Loshini

2009-01-01

112

Boundaries of Desire: Becoming Sexual Through the Spaces of Sydney's 2002 Gay Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the consequences of unbounded gay, lesbian, queer, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (GLQBTI) spaces that are positioned as inclusive through welcoming everyone? Two festival spaces of the Sydney 2002 Gay Games, the City Hub and Oxford Street, illustrate inclusivity within nonheterosexualized space. Adopting a poststructuralist feminist approach, I examine experiences of male desires. The spatial metaphor of a “GLQBTI

Gordon R. Waitt

2006-01-01

113

Parental Choice of Infant Feeding Behaviours in South West Sydney: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to test a research instrument that could possibly be used for longitudinal research on infant feeding and to report on the preliminary results from the data collected. Design: Mixed methods approach--cross-sectional survey and qualitative research. Setting: Mother-infant dyads in South West Sydney,…

Arora, A.; Gay, M.; Thirukumar, D.

2012-01-01

114

Embedding an Indigenous Graduate Attribute into University of Western Sydney's Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports on embedding an Indigenous graduate attribute into courses at the University of Western Sydney (UWS), providing the background to the development and implementation of a holistic and individual Indigenous graduate attribute. It details the approach taken by the Badanami Centre for Indigenous Education in advising the UWS staff on…

Anning, Berice

2010-01-01

115

“It had no voice to it”: Sydney Pollack's film translation of Isak Dinesen's out of Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a thematic analysis, this study investigates the rhetorical implications of Sydney Pollack's translation of Isak Dinesen's autobiographical texts. Specifically, the essay argues that Pollack's film uses strategies of transference, redefinition, antithesis, and displacement to renarrate Dinesen's writings, resulting in a depoliticized romantic adventure. These strategies marginalize, or mute altogether, pivotal elements of Dinesen's texts and life, including her complex

Brenda Cooper; David Descutner

1996-01-01

116

Implementing a strategic plan for child health: a Sydney case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The aim of this paper is to describe the implementation of a strategic plan, ‘Health Gain for Children and Youth of Central Sydney”, over a 10 year period to December 2005.\\u000aMethods: Descriptive information was obtained from the records and minutes of all relevant committees, interviews with key workers who were involved with the committees, managers and senior health

Garth Alperstein; Peter Sainsbury; Sharyn O’Grady

2008-01-01

117

Parking demand and responsiveness to supply, pricing and location in the Sydney central business district  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the role of parking pricing and supply by time of day in whether to drive and park in the central business district (CBD). A stated preference survey of car drivers and public transport users was undertaken at a number of parking locations, public transit interchanges, and shopping centres in Sydney CBD during 1998. In the context of

David A. Hensher; Jenny King

2001-01-01

118

‘Fornicating on floats’? The cultural politics of the Sydney Mardi Gras Parade beyond the metropolis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the Sydney Mardi Gras Parade conventionally explore how sexualised subjectivities are debated, enacted, performed and transgressed within the festival time\\/space. Instead, this paper seeks to understand the cultural politics of emotion generated by this parade in the lives of individuals some 3000 kilometres away in Townsville, Queensland. Drawing on a performative framework, we rely upon the concepts of

Gordon Waitt; Chris Stapel

2011-01-01

119

Deep 3D structure of the Sydney Basin using gravity modelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

A detailed deep 3D geological model is an important basis for many types of exploration and resource modelling. Renewed interest in the structure of the Sydney Basin, driven primarily by sequestration studies, geothermal studies and coal seam gas exploration, has highlighted the need for a model of deep basin geology, structure and thermal state. Here, we combine gravity modelling, seismic

C. Danis; C. O'Neill; M. Lackie; L. Twigg; A. Danis

2011-01-01

120

Time-keeping in the antipodes: a critical comparison of the Sydney and Littelton time balls  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Maudslay, Sons & Field built the time ball apparatus for Sydney, New South Wales (NSW) in 1855, and to hoist the ball they used a rack and pinion that was developed from the mechanism found at Edinburgh and Deal. Sydney's time ball became operational in 1858, following completion of Sydney Observatory (which included a time ball tower). Henry Russell, the NSW Government Astronomer, modified this apparatus to a limited extent during the 1870s, but most principal features were retained. The apparatus for Lyttelton, New Zealand, was ordered in 1873 and shipped from London in 1874 by Siemens Brothers. lt, too, had to await completion of the necessary tower, and became operational in 1876. Both Antipodean time balls were still working in 2009. In this paper it is demonstrated that the apparatus at Lyttelton is a replica of the 1855 design used in Sydney, despite the long interval between their dates of supply. The only surviving note in Maudslays' records about an 1873 time ball indicates provision for the Cape of Good Hope and an association with Siemens. A time ball was installed at Alfred Docks in Cape Town during 1873, but available evidence indicates that it was unlikely to have been built by Maudslays. lt is suggested that Maudslays' 1873 apparatus was instead sold to Siemens Brothers who installed it at Lyttelton. No Siemens records showing the supply of time balls to other locations at this time have been found.

Kinns, Roger

2009-07-01

121

Towards fair ranking of Olympics achievements: the case of Sydney 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the issue of whether it is possible to design an objective impartial system of analysis of the Olympic results, which the majority of participating countries would agree upon, is analyzed by discussing different ways of ranking the performance of participating countries at Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. It is demonstrated that key measures frequently reported in the media

Leonid Churilov; A. M. Flitman

2006-01-01

122

The detection of pollutant impact in marine environments: Condition index, oxidative DNA damage, and their associations with metal bioaccumulation in the Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea commercialis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specimens of the Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea commercialis were deployed for a 3-month period at control and sewage disturbed marine locations in the Hunter Region, New South Wales, Australia. The DNA damage product, 8-hydroxyguanine, was measured by GC\\/MS-SIM from chromatin extracts of the gill tissues of oysters to assess oxidative damage. The levels ranged from 11.5 to 18.8 modified bases

E. L. Avery; R. H. Dunstan; J. A. Nell

1996-01-01

123

The 'Sydney Principles' for reducing the commercial promotion of foods and beverages to children.  

PubMed

A set of seven principles (the 'Sydney Principles') was developed by an International Obesity Taskforce (IOTF) Working Group to guide action on changing food and beverage marketing practices that target children. The aim of the present communication is to present the Sydney Principles and report on feedback received from a global consultation (November 2006 to April 2007) on the Principles. The Principles state that actions to reduce marketing to children should: (i) support the rights of children; (ii) afford substantial protection to children; (iii) be statutory in nature; (iv) take a wide definition of commercial promotions; (v) guarantee commercial-free childhood settings; (vi) include cross-border media; and (vii) be evaluated, monitored and enforced. The draft principles were widely disseminated and 220 responses were received from professional and scientific associations, consumer bodies, industry bodies, health professionals and others. There was virtually universal agreement on the need to have a set of principles to guide action in this contentious area of marketing to children. Apart from industry opposition to the third principle calling for a statutory approach and several comments about the implementation challenges, there was strong support for each of the Sydney Principles. Feedback on two specific issues of contention related to the age range to which restrictions should apply (most nominating age 16 or 18 years) and the types of products to be included (31% nominating all products, 24% all food and beverages, and 45% energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods and beverages). The Sydney Principles, which took a children's rights-based approach, should be used to benchmark action to reduce marketing to children. The age definition for a child and the types of products which should have marketing restrictions may better suit a risk-based approach at this stage. The Sydney Principles should guide the formation of an International Code on Food and Beverage Marketing to Children. PMID:18510788

Swinburn, Boyd; Sacks, Gary; Lobstein, Tim; Rigby, Neville; Baur, Louise A; Brownell, Kelly D; Gill, Tim; Seidell, Jaap; Kumanyika, Shiriki

2008-09-01

124

Fire effects on reservoir water quality: lessons from the 2013 Sydney wildfires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unseasonally, early and severe forest fires burnt ca 10,000 ha of dry sclerophyl eucalypt forest in Oct. 2013 near Sydney (NSW, Australia). The fire affected parts of the Nepean catchment, which contributes to the greater Sydney water supply system. The spatial extent and severe nature of the burn raised concerns about the risk of water contamination from post-fire erosion. An investigation was launched with the aim to determine (i) the total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil that are particular susceptible to erosion, (ii) their chemical composition regarding constituents relevant to water quality, and (iii) the potential impacts of post-fire erosion events transferring some of this material into the reservoir. Sampling was carried out at a ridge in the Nepean catchment with a relatively homogeneous vegetation species composition, fuel load and soil characteristics, but with a range of burn severities, resulting from wind-driven differences in fire behaviour. This allowed sampling of three replicate sites each, with 30 sampling points each, for extreme, moderate-severe, and low burn severities, including also soil and litter sampling at a long-unburned control site. Burn severity was determined using the differenced normalised burn ratio (dNBR) obtained from satellite images immediately before (1 day) and after (1 week) the fire, validated by on site determination of fuel consumption completeness. Between the fire and the sampling campaign, rainfall was very limited so that there had been no significant redistribution of ash and loose charred topsoil by water erosion. The ash and loose charred topsoil were consistently wettable and the underlying uncharred soil highly water repellent at all sites and sampling points irrespective of burn severity. The total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil increased substantially with burn severity and changed in composition from comprising mainly charred litter and charcoal at low severity sites to charred litter, charcoal, mineral ash and charred mineral soil at extreme severity sites. Field sampling had just been completed at the time of producing this abstract. At the time of presentation, we expect to present (i) the total loads (t/ha) of ash and loose charred topsoil for each burn severity class; (ii) data on detailed chemical characterisation of the sampled materials including background values for litter and long-unburned soil; (iii) a spatially distributed estimation of ash and loose charred topsoil for the study catchment; and (iv) potential implications for water quality impacts based on a series of post-fire rainfall and erosion scenarios. Wider implications for water quality impacts in eucalypt forest catchments in relation to fuel loads and fire behaviour will also be discussed.

Doerr, Stefan; Santin, Cristina; Chafer, Chris

2014-05-01

125

A summer fling: the rise and fall of aquariums and fun parks on Sydney's ocean coast 1885–1920  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘A summer fling’ examines the brief period in which Sydney's most popular beaches were occupied by aquariums, merry-go-rounds, fun parks, giant slides and other sites of paid amusement. It seeks to understand the role amusement structures played in the formation of a beach culture in Sydney, which by the early twentieth century was developing independently of European and American influences.This

Caroline Ford

2009-01-01

126

Longitudinal study of winter mortality disease in Sydney rock oysters Saccostrea glomerata.  

PubMed

Winter mortality (WM) is a poorly studied disease affecting Sydney rock oysters Saccostrea glomerata in estuaries in New South Wales, Australia, where it can cause significant losses. WM is more severe in oysters cultured deeper in the water column and appears linked to higher salinities. Current dogma is that WM is caused by the microcell parasite Bonamia roughleyi, but evidence linking clinical signs and histopathology to molecular data identifying bonamiasis is lacking. We conducted a longitudinal study between February and November 2010 in 2 estuaries where WM has occurred (Georges and Shoalhaven Rivers). Results from molecular testing of experimental oysters for Bonamia spp. were compared to clinical disease signs and histopathology. Available environmental data from the study sites were also collated and compared. Oyster condition declined over the study period, coinciding with decreasing water temperatures, and was inversely correlated with the presence of histological lesions. While mortalities occurred in both estuaries, only oysters from the Georges River study site showed gross clinical signs and histological changes characteristic of WM (lesions were prevalent and intralesional microcell-like structures were sometimes noted). PCR testing for Bonamia spp. revealed the presence of an organism belonging to the B. exitiosa-B. roughleyi clade in some samples; however, the very low prevalence of this organism relative to histological changes and the lack of reactivity of affected oysters in subsequent in situ hybridisation experiments led us to conclude that this Bonamia sp. is not responsible for WM. Another aetiological agent and a confluence of environmental factors are a more likely explanation for the disease. PMID:25060507

Spiers, Zoe B; Gabor, Melinda; Fell, Shayne A; Carnegie, Ryan B; Dove, Michael; O'Connor, Wayne; Frances, Jane; Go, Jeffrey; Marsh, Ian B; Jenkins, Cheryl

2014-07-24

127

Multidisciplinary studies of the dust storm that affected Sydney in September 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major dust storm transgressed over southeastern Australia in September 2009 and continued as far as northern Queensland [to the north], New Zealand and New Caledonia [to the east] . We analysed samples of the dust for organic compounds, its microbiological composition, pollen, trace and rare earth elements as well as Sr and Nd isotopes. Grain size analysis was also performed on some of the samples. We also obtained information on the meteorological conditions that led to the large dust plume and its pathway. Our geochemical fingerprinting allowed us to determine the origin of the dust, and this was confirmed by meteorological observations and satellite imagery. As the pathway of the dust plume went over the city of Canberra, located to the southwest of Sydney, we were able to collect samples of dust that fell with rain, and the surprise was that the geochemical composition of the dust varied with time [and dust fall], identifying that as the dust plume transgressed over the landscape, it picked up additional material that was compositionally different from its point of origin. We also compared our data with those obtained from another major dust event that affected Canberra in October 2002, and a number of important differences are noted, particularly with respect of the microbiological composition of the dust, and its chemical composition. Collaborators on this project are: Chris Munday and Gwen Allison [microbiology]: Research School of Biology, ANU; Jochen Brocks and Janet Hope [organic chemistry] and Marc Norman [inorganic geochemistry]: Research School of Earth Sciences, ANU; Tadhg O'Loingsigh and Nigel Tapper [meteorology, satellite imagery] and Sander van der Kaars [palynology]: Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University; and J.-B. Stuut [grain size analysis], NIOZ.

De Deckker, P.

2012-04-01

128

Relationship between radar-derived hail kinetic energy and damage to insured buildings for severe hailstorms in Eastern Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hailstorms are by far the costliest insured natural hazard in Australia. Major metropolitan areas such as Sydney and Brisbane, located in mid-latitude coastal Eastern Australia, are especially vulnerable due to building exposure and geographical location. Results are presented using data from metropolitan Sydney and Brisbane for seven recent severe storms, including the April 1999 Sydney hailstorm. The focus of this

Sandra S. Schuster; Russell J. Blong; K. John McAneney

2006-01-01

129

Relationship between radar-derived hail kinetic energy and damage to insured buildings for severe hailstorms in Eastern Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hailstorms are by far the costliest insured natural hazard in Australia. Major metropolitan areas such as Sydney and Brisbane, located in mid-latitude coastal Eastern Australia, are especially vulnerable due to building exposure and geographical location. Results are presented using data from metropolitan Sydney and Brisbane for seven recent severe storms, including the April 1999 Sydney hailstorm.The focus of this study

Sandra S. Schuster; Russell J. Blong; K. John McAneney

2006-01-01

130

Multi-criteria analysis towards the new end use of recycled water for household laundry: a case study in Sydney.  

PubMed

This paper aims to put forward several management alternatives regarding the application of recycled water for household laundry in Sydney. Based on different recycled water treatment techniques such as microfiltration (MF), granular activated carbon (GAC) or reverse osmosis (RO), and types of washing machines (WMs), five alternatives were proposed as follows: (1) do nothing scenario; (2) MF+existing WMs; (3) MF+new WMs; (4) MF-GAC+existing WMs; and (5) MF-RO+existing WMs. Accordingly, a comprehensive quantitative assessment on the trade-off among a variety of issues (e.g., engineering feasibility, initial cost, energy consumption, supply flexibility and water savings) was performed over the alternatives. This was achieved by a computer-based multi-criteria analysis (MCA) using the rank order weight generation together with preference ranking organization method for enrichment evaluation (PROMETHEE) outranking techniques. Particularly, the generated 10,000 combinations of weights via Monte Carlo simulation were able to significantly reduce the man-made errors of single fixed set of weights because of its objectivity and high efficiency. To illustrate the methodology, a case study on Rouse Hill Development Area (RHDA), Sydney, Australia was carried out afterwards. The study was concluded by highlighting the feasibility of using highly treated recycled water for existing and new washing machines. This could provide a powerful guidance for sustainable water reuse management in the long term. However, more detailed field trials and investigations are still needed to effectively understand, predict and manage the impact of selected recycled water for new end use alternatives. PMID:22964402

Chen, Z; Ngo, H H; Guo, W S; Listowski, A; O'Halloran, K; Thompson, M; Muthukaruppan, M

2012-11-01

131

Patterns of the Non-Indigenous Isopod Cirolana harfordi in Sydney Harbour  

PubMed Central

Biological introductions can alter the ecology of local assemblages and are an important driver of global environmental change. The first step towards understanding the impact of a non-indigenous species is to study its distribution and associations in the invaded area. In Sydney Harbour, the non-indigenous isopod Cirolana harfordi has been reported in densities up to 0.5 individuals per cm2 in mussel-beds. Abundances of this species have, however, been largely overlooked in other key habitats. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the abundances and distribution of C. harfordi across different habitats representative of Sydney Harbour. Results showed that C. harfordi occurred in oyster and mussel-beds, being particularly abundant in oyster-beds. We also aimed to determine the role of C. harfordi as a predator, scavenger and detritus feeder by investigating the relationships between densities of C. harfordi and (i) the structure of the resident assemblages, and (ii) deposited organic matter in oyster-beds. Densities of C. harfordi were not related to the structure of the assemblages, nor amounts of deposited organic matter. These findings suggested little or no ecological impacts of C. harfordi in oyster-beds. These relationships may, however, affect other variables such as growth of individuals, or be disguised by high variability of assemblages among different locations. Future studies should, therefore, test the impacts of C. harfordi on the size of organisms in the assemblage and use manipulative experiments to control for spatial variation. This study is the first published work on the ecology of the invasion of C. harfordi and provides the starting-point for the study of the impacts of this species in Sydney Harbour.

Bugnot, Ana B.; Coleman, Ross A.; Figueira, Will F.; Marzinelli, Ezequiel M.

2014-01-01

132

Sexual partner's age as a risk factor for HIV seroconversion in a cohort of HIV-negative homosexual men in Sydney.  

PubMed

Increasing partner age may be an important risk factor for HIV infection in homosexual men. About 20 % of 1,427 participants in the Health in Men study in Sydney, Australia, reported that half or more of their partners were much older. Having more partners who were much older was associated with an increased risk of HIV seroconversion (p trend = 0.002), and this remained significant after adjustment for participants' age, number of regular and casual partners, and sexual risk behaviour (p trend = 0.027). Men who reported much older partners were at increased risk of HIV infection, independent of unprotected anal intercourse with sero-nonconcordant partners. PMID:23090676

Jin, Fengyi; Grulich, Andrew E; Mao, Limin; Zablotska, Iryna; O'Dwyer, Matthew; Poynten, Mary; Prestage, Garrett P

2013-09-01

133

Estimates of costs by DRG in Sydney teaching hospitals: an application of the Yale cost model.  

PubMed

The results are reported of a first round of costing by DRG in seven major teaching hospital sites in Sydney using the Yale cost model. These results, when compared between the hospitals and with values of relative costs by DRG from the United States, indicate that the cost modelling procedure has produced credible and potentially useful estimates of casemix costs. The rationale and underlying theory of cost modelling is explained, and the need for further work to improve the method of allocating costs to DRGs, and to improve the cost centre definitions currently used by the hospitals, is emphasised. PMID:10117339

Palmer, G; Aisbett, C; Fetter, R; Winchester, L; Reid, B; Rigby, E

1991-01-01

134

Improving the public house in Britain, 1920-40: Sir Sydney Nevile and "social work".  

PubMed

The "improved public house" movement in the inter-war years was a central part of the shift towards retailing by the brewing industry. An important part of the reform movement was the alliance between certain brewers, notably Whitbread, and "social workers", particularly those associated with the University Settlement movement in London. Using the papers of Sydney Nevile, the importance of a particular social milieu is outlined, calling into question attempts to align the movement to improve public houses with transatlantic Progressivism. Rather, this alliance drew upon longstanding English traditions of public service and religious affiliation amongst a fraction of the gentry. PMID:20658777

Mutch, Alistair

2010-01-01

135

Overcoming barriers to coastal sustainability and facilitating improved delivery of regional management: A Case Study of the Sydney Coastal Councils Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sydney Coastal Councils Group Inc. (SCCG) is a Regional Organisation of Councils (ROC) that represents 15 Councils in the Sydney coastal region. The aim of the Group is to promote co-ordination and cooperation between Member Councils on environmental and natural resource management issues. The activities of the Group assist Member Councils address overarching barriers to achieving coastal sustainability in

Craig Morrison; Geoff W

136

Supporting African Refugees in Greater Western Sydney: A Critical Ethnography of After-School Homework Tutoring Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the Refugee Action Support Partnership Project between the University of Western Sydney, The Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation and the NSW-Department of Education and Training (DET). The critical ethnographic method is used to evaluate the after-school homework tutoring centres as a vehicle of literacy development…

Naidoo, Loshini

2008-01-01

137

The Geography of an EthniCity: Residential Segregation of Birthplace and Language Groups in Sydney, 1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many contemporary cities have a diverse ethnic-cultural mix as a result of different international migration streams, with implications for the residential distri- bution of various ethnic groups within those cities. Boal recently suggested a series of scenarios against which the pattern in any one place could be evaluated. These are applied to Sydney in 1996, when over 34 per cent

Ron Johnston; James Forrest; Michael Poulsen

2001-01-01

138

Social and Cultural Factors Affecting Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use during Menopause in Sydney and Bologna  

PubMed Central

Background. Previous surveys found CAM use during menopause to be popular. This paper compares the results from two surveys (Sydney and Bologna) to examine factors that determine the extent and pattern of CAM use to alleviate menopausal symptoms. Methods. Women, aged 45–65 years, who were symptomatic when transitioning through menopause or asymptomatic but taking menopause-specific treatments, were recruited in Sydney (n=1,296) and Bologna (n=1,106) to complete the same voluntary, anonymous, and self-administered questionnaire. The results were reanalysed using stratified analyses to determine similarities and differences. Results. Demographics of the two cohorts differed significantly. CAM was more popular in Sydney. The most significant determinants of CAM use were the use of CAM for other conditions besides menopause and the severity of vasomotor symptoms. Occupational status was a determinant of CAM use amongst Bologna respondents only. In order to relieve symptoms, Australian and Italian women used different CAM modalities whose effectiveness was generally perceived as good. Conclusion. CAM use is popular amongst menopausal women from Sydney and Bologna. Differences in the patterns of CAM use seem to depend on CAM availability and on the educational level and professional status of users. The complex interaction between market, social, and cultural factors of CAM use seems to be more influential on women's choice of CAM than the available evidence of their effectiveness.

van der Sluijs, Corinne; Lombardo, Flavia L.; Lesi, Grazia; Bensoussan, Alan; Cardini, Francesco

2013-01-01

139

Urban design in central Sydney 1945–2002: Laissez-Faire and discretionary traditions in the accidental city  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the laissez faire and discretionary traditions adopted for development control in Central Sydney over the last half century. It focuses upon the design dimension of control, and the transition from a largely design agnostic system up until 1988, to the serious pursuit of design excellence by 2000. Six eras of design\\/development control are identified, consistent with particular

John Punter

2005-01-01

140

Quality Management of First Year Teaching - An Initiative in the School of Engineering, University of Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Confronted with high rates of loss of students (attrition) in first year engineering at the University of Western Sydney (40%+) the Head of School, Head of Program, College Associate Dean Academic, Associate Head of the School Engineering and a Teaching Fellow (the authors) undertook a study of the trends and strategies for improving the retention rate. High attrition rates have

S. Riley; A. McPhail; G. Bishop; B. Campbell; S. Shrestha

141

Implementing a Program in Sustainability for Engineers at University of Technology, Sydney: A Story of Intersecting Agendas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating sustainability into an undergraduate engineering program at the University of Technology, Sydney has been a challenging project. The authors of this paper have been participant observers of the integration process. In this paper, they have attempted an analysis of that process, focussing on the dynamics of the network of people and…

Bryce, Paul; Johnston, Stephen; Yasukawa, Keiko

2004-01-01

142

Building Personal Relationships as a Catalyst for Community Participation: The Case of Ethnic Market Gardeners in Sydney Basin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian study was conducted to develop a strategy for safe use of farm chemicals by Asian migrant market gardeners in Western Sydney. The researchers chose to use participatory approaches for which policy makers and development practitioners had in other studies shown enthusiasm, although this enthusiasm could not at times be sustained…

Suriyabanadara, Karunasena; Parker, Frances

143

A review of the operation of the IUWDS Regional Warning Centre at the Ionospheric Prediction Service, Sydney  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operation of the Sydney Regional Warning Centre is reviewed. Routine data reports are issued daily, while disturbance warnings (short-term forecasts) are issued as necessary. An outline of the methods used in forecasting solar activity and geomagnetic disturbances is given.

Cook, F. E.; Davies, P.

1979-01-01

144

What's in a virus? Folk understandings of hepatitis C infection and infectiousness among injecting drug users in Kings Cross, Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To explore folk understandings of blood borne virus infection and infectiousness among injecting drug users in Kings Cross, Sydney. METHODS: Observational fieldwork was conducted in Kings Cross over a four month period. In-depth interviews with 24 current injectors and 4 key informants recruited from King Cross were undertaken. RESULTS: Hepatitis C (HCV) generated different meanings from HIV. HIV was

Erica Southgate; Anne Maree Weatherall; Carolyn Day; Kate A Dolan

2005-01-01

145

Clinical and Epidemiologic Characteristics of Norovirus GII.4 Sydney during Winter 2012-13 in Beijing, China following Its Global Emergence  

PubMed Central

Background Limited information is available on the molecular epidemiology of GII.4 Sydney-associated diarrhea in China in the winter of 2012–13 during the global epidemic associated with the emergence of GII.4 Sydney. Methods Fecal specimens collected from 171 diarrhea outpatients (one from each) between late October 2012 and the middle of March 2013 were examined for NoV by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and sequences corresponding to both the NoV partial polymerase and partial capsid regions were analyzed phylogenetically. Clinical characteristics of GII.4 Sydney cases versus other NoV-positive cases detected in a previous study were compared statistically. Results Twenty-six (15.2%, 26/171) outpatients with diarrhea were infected with NoV. Twenty-two of the 26 (84.6%) identified NoV strains clustered into GII.4 Sydney. There was a significant difference in symptoms of fever (?2, P<0.05 ), abdominal pain (?2, P<0.05 ) and diarrhea frequency (Mann-Whitney U test, P<0.05) between the GII.4 Sydney case group and other NoV-positive case group. Conclusions The new NoV variant, GII.4 Sydney, has been circulating in Beijing, China and became the predominant strain in the winter of 2012–13. GII.4 Sydney causes severe fever, abdominal pain and higher diarrhea frequency clinically compared to other NoV infections.

Liu, Jian; Liu, Ning; Cong, Xu; Gao, Yan; Wei, Lai

2013-01-01

146

The new teaching and public access observatory at the University of Western Sydney, Nepean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A grant from the Department of Employment, Education and Training and matching funding from the University of Western Sydney, Nepean, has allowed the construction of a teaching and public access observatory on the University's Werrington North campus. The observatory consists of a lecture theater for about 50 students, an office for administration and project/souvenir sales, and an enclosed office for research activities. The 6.5 m dome will house a fork-mounted 0.6 m (24 inch) Ritchey-Chretien telescope working at f/10. There will also be two outside observation areas for tripod-mounted telescopes. The expected completion date for the entire project is mid-1994.

White, Graeme L.; Jones, Paul A.; Hons, Alex; Edgar, Ron; Suchting, Mark; Burdett, Chris

1994-08-01

147

Home telecare study for patients with chronic lung disease in the Sydney West Area Health Service.  

PubMed

Information and communication technologies may be used to provide health care services to people living at home. The term "home telecare" has been coined for this service. The elderly and patients with chronic pulmonary conditions, heart disease and diabetes have been thought to be obvious beneficiaries. The evidence base supporting home telecare is growing; however, there is a need for studies of long-term deployment and integration with existing health system processes. We discuss the experiences gained from one such pilot conducted in the Sydney West Area Health Service, which examines the integration of home telecare within the framework of an existing respiratory ambulatory care service. Interim results demonstrate high levels of reliability and positive patient attitude towards use of home monitoring. Clinical staff acceptance levels appeared lower. Effects on health burden, such as hospital admissions and nurse workload, were not significantly altered. The study results have been essential in developing local telecare knowledge within the health care community. PMID:21191167

Shany, Tal; Hession, Michael; Pryce, David; Galang, Rowena; Roberts, Mary; Lovell, Nigel; Basilakis, Jim

2010-01-01

148

Building research capacity in south-west Sydney through a Primary and Community Health Research Unit.  

PubMed

The Primary and Community Health Research Unit was established in 2010 in south-west Sydney to build research capacity in primary and community health services and help generate evidence to underpin clinical activities. In 2011, six project teams participated in a 12-month researcher mentoring program, undertaking projects in quality improvement and service evaluation. Project teams were linked with academic mentors and participated in four research skill development workshops covering research design, research ethics, statistical analysis and academic writing. All project teams presented their work at two or more research conferences, and all are preparing manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed journals. The Primary and Community Health Research Unit's approach to research capacity building in primary and community health services appears to be effective in supporting novice researchers to undertake research in their clinical settings. Sustainability is dependent on securing ongoing funding. Further analysis is needed to identify strengths and weaknesses of this approach. PMID:23050636

Friesen, Emma L; Comino, Elizabeth J; Reath, Jennifer; Derrett, Alison; Johnson, Maree; Davies, Gawaine Powell; Teng-Liaw, Siaw; Kemp, Lynn

2014-01-01

149

Infectious microbial diseases and host defense responses in Sydney rock oysters  

PubMed Central

Aquaculture has long been seen as a sustainable solution to some of the world's growing food shortages. However, experience over the past 50 years indicates that infectious diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotes limit the productivity of aquaculture. In extreme cases, these types of infectious agents threaten the viability of entire aquaculture industries. This article describes the threats from infectious diseases in aquaculture and then focuses on one example (QX disease in Sydney rock oysters) as a case study. QX appears to be typical of many emerging diseases in aquaculture, particularly because environmental factors seem to play a crucial role in disease outbreaks. Evidence is presented that modulation of a generic subcellular stress response pathway in oysters is responsible for both resistance and susceptibility to infectious microbes. Understanding and being able to manipulate this pathway may be the key to sustainable aquaculture.

Raftos, David A.; Kuchel, Rhiannon; Aladaileh, Saleem; Butt, Daniel

2014-01-01

150

Unsupervised screening for chlamydia and gonorrhoea in backpacker hostels in Manly, Sydney.  

PubMed

Young international backpackers frequently have new sexual partners. We conducted a pilot project of unsupervised screening for chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) and gonorrhoea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) by self-collected specimens at two backpacker hostels in Manly, Sydney. The median age was 24 years for men and 23 years for women. A new sexual partner during travel was reported by 94%, of whom only 20% always using condoms. The prevalence of chlamydia was 11.9% (14.3% of 35 men and 10.2% of 49 women). No cases of gonorrhoea were detected. Half of the dispensed testing kits went missing or were tampered with, and there was spoilage of the receptacle bins, which persisted despite a redesign to a more secure and locked box. While populations such as young backpackers may be a priority group for sexually transmissible infection screening, we advise caution for projects contemplating an unsupervised model. PMID:23158843

Davies, Stephen C; Shepherd, Brooke; Wiig, Rebecca; Kaan, Iain

2013-05-01

151

Child restraint use in low socio-economic areas of urban Sydney during transition to new legislation.  

PubMed

Child restraints protect a young child against injury in crashes but best practice child restraint use is low in Australia, particularly among lower socio-economic groups. We investigated factors associated with restraint use to inform the development of education and distribution programmes to support new Australian legislation on child passengers among families in low socio-economic areas of metropolitan Sydney. We interviewed a parent or carer of 1160 children aged 2-5 years enrolled at one of 28 early childhood centres in low socio-economic areas of urban Sydney. Appropriate child restraint use was defined as a forward facing child restraint (FFCR) for 2-3 year olds and a FFCR or booster seat for children aged 4 years or more. Predictors of self-reported appropriate use were explored using logistic regression. Analysis was conducted on one child from each family in the target age range (2-5 years): 586 (51%) were male and the mean age was 3.5 (Standard Deviation 0.8) years. There were 432 (45%) families with annual income below $60,000, 248 (22%) spoke a language other than English at home and 360 (33%) had 3 or more children. Fifty-four percent of carers indicated that their 2-3 year old children travelled in a FFCR. Inappropriate use among children in this age group was more likely when the carer was <36 years (odds ratio (OR) 1.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-2.45), in families with ?3 children (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.10-2.44) and when the carer believed that a booster seat was just as safe as a FFCR (OR 2.98, 2.05-4.32). Eight-eight percent of carers of 4-5 year olds reported use of a booster seat or FFCR. Non-use was associated with low household income (OR 3.10, 95% CI 1.67-5.75), in families with ?3 children (OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.09-3.76) and families where a language other than English is spoken at home (OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.10-5.21). Non-English speaking families had less awareness of the new law and poorer knowledge of safety benefits of child restraints. They also had lower household incomes and more concerns about cost of child restraints and booster seats. These findings can inform development of interventions to promote best practice child restraint use, which will reach non-English speaking families in this region. They also confirm the importance of economic and logistic barriers to best practice child restraint use. PMID:22921907

Keay, Lisa; Hunter, Kate; Brown, Julie; Bilston, Lynne E; Simpson, Judy M; Stevenson, Mark; Ivers, Rebecca Q

2013-01-01

152

Detection of the pandemic norovirus variant GII.4 Sydney 2012 in Rio Branco, state of Acre, northern Brazil.  

PubMed

Noroviruses (NoVs) are important cause of gastroenteritis in humans worldwide. Genotype GII.4 is responsible for the majority of outbreaks reported to date. This study describes, for the first time in Brazil, the circulation of NoV GII.4 variant Sydney 2012 in faecal samples collected from children aged less than or equal to eight years in Rio Branco, state of Acre, northern Brazil, during July-September 2012. PMID:24141954

da Silva, Luciana Damascena; Rodrigues, Evandro Leite; de Lucena, Maria Silvia Sousa; de Lima, Ian Carlos Gomes; Oliveira, Darleise de Sousa; Soares, Luana Silva; Mascarenhas, Joana D'Arc Pereira; Linhares, Alexandre da Costa; Gabbay, Yvone Benchimol

2013-12-01

153

Detection of the pandemic norovirus variant GII.4 Sydney 2012 in Rio Branco, state of Acre, northern Brazil  

PubMed Central

Noroviruses (NoVs) are important cause of gastroenteritis in humans worldwide. Genotype GII.4 is responsible for the majority of outbreaks reported to date. This study describes, for the first time in Brazil, the circulation of NoV GII.4 variant Sydney 2012 in faecal samples collected from children aged less than or equal to eight years in Rio Branco, state of Acre, northern Brazil, during July-September 2012.

da Silva, Luciana Damascena; Rodrigues, Evandro Leite; de Lucena, Maria Silvia Sousa; de Lima, Ian Carlos Gomes; Oliveira, Darleise de Sousa; Soares, Luana Silva; Mascarenhas, Joana D'Arc Pereira; Linhares, Alexandre da Costa; Gabbay, Yvone Benchimol

2013-01-01

154

Histopathologic and histochemical biomarker responses of Baltic clam, Macoma balthica, to contaminated Sydney Harbour sediment, Nova Scotia, Canada.  

PubMed Central

Sediments in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia, are highly contaminated by polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and heavy metals. Histopathologic and histochemical evaluations were made on the Baltic clam, Macoma balthica, exposed to 11 Sydney Harbour sediment samples. Histologic lesions in digestive gland (tubular dilation or atrophy, macrophage aggregates, tubular cell necrosis, and tissue inflammation) and gonads (macrophage aggregates, supporting cell, germ cell, and ovarian cell necroses) were frequently detected in clams exposed to the most contaminated sediments from the harbor. Clams exposed to these contaminated sediments also had the highest acid phosphatase activity. The average scores of tubular dilation or atrophy, ovarian cell necrosis, and the sums of mean digestive gland lesions correlated significantly with sediment PCBs, and the activities of acid phosphatase correlated significantly with sediment heavy metals, PAHs, and PCBs. Among the lesions, digestive gland tubular dilation or atrophy, tubular cell, germ cell, and ovarian cell necroses, and the activity of acid phosphatase are the best sublethal effect indicators in Macoma exposed to Sydney Harbour sediments. Key words: biomarkers, chronic biologic effects, clams, histology, histochemistry, Macoma balthica, marine sediment, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls.

Tay, Kok-Leng; Teh, Swee Joo; Doe, Ken; Lee, Ken; Jackman, Paula

2003-01-01

155

Quantitative proteomics of heavy metal stress responses in Sydney rock oysters.  

PubMed

Currently, there are few predictive biomarkers in key biomonitoring species, such as oysters, that can detect heavy metal pollution in coastal waterways. Several attributes make oysters superior to other organisms for positive biomonitoring of heavy metal pollution. In particular, they are filter feeders with a high capacity for bioaccumulation. In this study, we used two proteomics approaches, namely label-free shotgun proteomics based on SDS-PAGE gel separation and gas phase fractionation, to investigate the heavy metal stress responses of Sydney rock oysters. Protein samples were prepared from haemolymph of oysters exposed to 100 ?g/L of PbCl(2), CuCl(2), or ZnCl(2) for 4 days in closed aquaria. Peptides were identified using a Bivalvia protein sequence database, due to the unavailability of a complete oyster genome sequence. Statistical analysis revealed 56 potential biomarker proteins, as well as several protein biosynthetic pathways to be greatly impacted by metal stress. These have the potential to be incorporated into bioassays for prevention and monitoring of heavy metal pollution in Australian oyster beds. The study confirms that proteomic analysis of biomonitoring species is a promising approach for assessing the effects of environmental pollution, and our experiments have provided insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying oyster stress responses. PMID:22539440

Muralidharan, Sridevi; Thompson, Emma; Raftos, David; Birch, Gavin; Haynes, Paul A

2012-03-01

156

Musculoskeletal injuries in the ultramarathon: the 1990 Westfield Sydney to Melbourne run.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To document the injuries sustained by participants in a 1005 km ultramarathon. METHODS: Clinical notes were reviewed on entrants in the 1005 km Sydney to Melbourne ultramarathon. An injury was recorded following self referral by a participant or if the history obtained from the runner or his support crew indicated the likelihood of a significant injury which could have an impact upon performance. RESULTS: 64 injuries were found in 32 runners. The knee (31.3%) and ankle (28.1%) regions were most commonly injured. The most common single diagnosis was retropatellar pain syndrome, and Achilles tendinitis and medial tibial stress syndrome were the next most common injuries. Peritendinitis/tendinitis of the tendons passing under the extensor retinaculum at the ankle, an injury infrequently reported in other sports, was common (19% of all injuries). CONCLUSIONS: The injuries were typically associated with running but 12 (19% of the total) involved the tendons of the muscles of the anterior compartment of the lower leg, and in almost every case the major site of inflammation was at the extensor retinaculum at the anterior aspect of the ankle. This injury appears to be relatively specific to the ultramarathon-"ultramarathoner's ankle". Images p321-a

Fallon, K E

1996-01-01

157

Patient satisfaction with inpatient care provided by the Sydney Gynecological Oncology Group  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Patient satisfaction with the provision of hospital oncology services can have a significant impact on their overall treatment experience. Aims: To assess patient satisfaction with the inpatient hospital services in the gynecological oncology setting using the IN-PATSAT32 questionnaire developed by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC). Methods: A modified version of the IN-PATSAT32 questionnaire with additional 16 items was administered to 52 adult surgical inpatients admitted with the Sydney Gynecological Oncology Group. All participants were provided with an information leaflet regarding the survey and written consent obtained. Results: A high response rate (100%) from patients with varied social, ethnic, and educational backgrounds confirmed the acceptability of the survey. Standard of medical care provided, frequency of doctors’ visits, exchange of information with doctors, friendliness of the staff, and state of the room ranked highly (>95%) on the patient satisfaction scales. Problems were identified with ease of access to and within the hospital, quality of food, and exchange of information with other hospital staff. Conclusions: Overall the satisfaction with inpatient care was rated very highly in most areas. Deficiencies in certain elements of provision of medical care to the patients were identified and steps have been taken to improve upon these shortcomings.

Arora, Vivek; Philp, Shannon; Nattress, Kathryn; Pather, Selvan; Dalrymple, Christopher; Atkinson, Kenneth; Smirnova, Sofia; Cotterell, Stephen; Carter, Jonathan

2010-01-01

158

Typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Western Sydney Local Health District, NSW, January-June 2011.  

PubMed

We undertook a study of enteric fever, caused by Salmonella enterica enterica subtypes Typhi and Paratyphi A, presenting in residents of the Western Sydney Local Health District for the period January-June 2011. Twelve cases of S. Typhi and eight of S. Paratyphi A were notified. Patients were predominantly young adults (median age 26 years, 70% female) who had been visiting friends and relatives in India, Samoa, Bangladesh or Sri Lanka. No cases were associated with travel for less than 3 weeks; 17 (85%) required hospitalisation. None received pre-travel vaccination; reasons cited for this included pregnancy, expense, being too busy, or considering the disease too mild to warrant vaccination. Three S. Typhi isolates acquired at large social gatherings in Samoa had the same phage [corrected] type and susceptibility profiles; these results were communicated to Samoan public health personnel. There are opportunities to strengthen enteric fever prevention, including pre-travel health advice and S. Typhi vaccination for people visiting endemic areas for 3 or more weeks, especially those in the vulnerable 'visiting friends and relative' category. PMID:23043747

Blackstock, Sarah J; Sheppeard, Vicky K; Paterson, Jen M; Ralph, Anna P

2012-09-01

159

Cost Comparison of Laparoscopic versus Open Procedures at the Sydney Women's Endosurgery Centre  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The objective of this study was to provide a cost comparison between laparoscopic surgery and open surgery from January 1996 to January 1998. The setting for this study was three private hospitals and one public hospital associated with the Sydney Women's Endosurgery Centre. Cost analysis was done using the costing provided by the private and public hospitals representing the total amount charged to the patient or the fund for their entire stay including disposable laparoscopic instruments and miscellaneous charges. We looked at laparoscopic hysterectomy, abdominal hysterectomy, vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic Burch colposuspension and open Burch colposus-pension. Despite the difficulties and limitations using our method of cost analysis, it appears that laparoscopic surgery is a less costly alternative to open abdominal surgery, particularly where the amount of disposable instruments are kept to a minimum. When the added advantages of early return to normal activities, family and workplace are added in, it is clear that providers of health care in the public and private sector will see laparoscopic surgery as an increasingly desirable option.

Chou, Danny; Cario, Gregory

1998-01-01

160

Sexual behaviour and contraceptive practices of year 10 schoolgirls in inner metropolitan Sydney.  

PubMed

308 female students from six State high schools in inner metropolitan Sydney responded to self-administered questionnaires on their sex behavior and contraceptive use. Respondents were in their tenth year of school and of mean age 15.6 years. The survey was conducted with no refusals over the period March-June 1991 upon the sample from four coed and two single-sex schools. 18% of the sample reported ever having sexual intercourse, although substantial interschool variation was observed; less than 5% of girls in one school with a predominantly non-English speaking population were sexually experienced, while almost 45% were experienced in another school with a predominantly Anglo-Saxon population. The mean age at first intercourse for the sexually active group was 14.5 years. 72% used condoms at first intercourse, while 17% used no form of contraception. There were no significant differences in the mean ages of sexually active and nonactive girls, nor between the percentage of sexually active girls in coed schools and in single-sex schools. 25 girls had ever had a total of one sex partner, 27 had 2-5, and two had more than five. The condom is the most commonly used form of contraception, with 38% of sexually active girls using condoms every time. The rest of the girls used them either occasionally or not at all. Oral contraceptive pills (OCP) were used by less than 15% of the sexually active group, with effective contraception overall used by only 43% of the group. Effective contraception is defined as either condom use during every act of sexual intercourse during the preceding six months or daily compliance with the OCP. Eight subjects used no contraception at all during the preceding six months. These findings indicate the need for more education targeted to adolescents and health professionals, especially general practitioners. PMID:12318952

Kang, M S; Zador, D A

1993-11-01

161

Development of local knowledge of environmental contamination in Sydney, Nova Scotia: environmental health practice from an environmental justice perspective.  

PubMed

In Sydney, Nova Scotia, from 1901 through 1988 a coke and steel factory operated with no pollution controls, depositing over a million tons of particulate matter and releasing several thousands of tons of coal tar into the estuary. Previously we documented the presence of lead, arsenic and PAHs, in soil above Canadian guidelines, and in house dust in the communities surrounding the site [Lambert, TW, Lane, S. Lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil and house dust in the communities surrounding the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds. Environ Health Perspect 2004; 112:35-41.]. In this paper we further the research by documenting and developing community knowledge with a study of resident's observations and experiences of the industrial contamination. We conducted two surveys, a quantitative door-to-door survey and qualitative dust interview, designed to complement each other and bring together the observations and experiences in the different communities to develop the local knowledge. The combined methodology uses techniques from both social and physical science, and was developed with the cooperation of community members. The research supports the proposition that local knowledge adds contextual meaning that complements the physical measurement of environmental contaminants, in order to understand the complex environment in which people live, and the multiple exposure pathways through which they can be affected. Residents in all three communities provided vivid observations and detailed experiences of the industrial pollution in their community and homes. The local knowledge is consistent with our physical data and review of the historical scientific research in Sydney, and supports the inference that the community was adversely impacted by the coke and steel facility. From a justice perspective, the three communities should be equally considered for remediation as part of the 'tar pond remediation policy' rather than the current policy of including only a few streets and houses. PMID:16650884

Lambert, Timothy W; Guyn, Lindsay; Lane, Stephanie E

2006-09-15

162

Analysis of early strains of the norovirus pandemic variant GII.4 Sydney 2012 identifies mutations in adaptive sites of the capsid protein.  

PubMed

Global surveillance for norovirus identified in 2012 the emergence of a novel pandemic GII.4 variant, termed Sydney 2012. In Italy, the novel pandemic variant was identified as early as November 2011 but became predominant only in the winter season 2012-2013. Upon sequencing and comparison with strains of global origin, the early Sydney 2012 strains were found to differ from those spreading in 2012-2013 in the capsid (ORF2) putative epitopes B, C and D, segregating into a distinct phylogenetic clade. At least three residues (333, 340 and 393, in epitopes B, C and D, respectively) of the VP1 varied among Sydney 2012 strains of different clades. These findings suggest that the spread of the pandemic variant in Italy during the winter season 2012-2013 was due to the introduction of strains distinct from those circulating at low frequency in the former winter season and that similar strains were also circulating elsewhere worldwide. PMID:24503099

Giammanco, G M; De Grazia, S; Terio, V; Lanave, G; Catella, C; Bonura, F; Saporito, L; Medici, M C; Tummolo, F; Calderaro, A; Bányai, K; Hansman, G; Martella, V

2014-02-01

163

Factors influencing participant enrolment in a diabetes prevention program in general practice: lessons from the Sydney diabetes prevention program  

PubMed Central

Background The effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in reducing diabetes incidence has been well established. Little is known, however, about factors influencing the reach of diabetes prevention programs. This study examines the predictors of enrolment in the Sydney Diabetes Prevention Program (SDPP), a community-based diabetes prevention program conducted in general practice, New South Wales, Australia from 2008–2011. Methods SDPP was an effectiveness trial. Participating general practitioners (GPs) from three Divisions of General Practice invited individuals aged 50–65 years without known diabetes to complete the Australian Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment tool. Individuals at high risk of diabetes were invited to participate in a lifestyle modification program. A multivariate model using generalized estimating equations to control for clustering of enrolment outcomes by GPs was used to examine independent predictors of enrolment in the program. Predictors included age, gender, indigenous status, region of birth, socio-economic status, family history of diabetes, history of high glucose, use of anti-hypertensive medication, smoking status, fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity level and waist measurement. Results Of the 1821 eligible people identified as high risk, one third chose not to enrol in the lifestyle program. In multivariant analysis, physically inactive individuals (OR: 1.48, P?=?0.004) and those with a family history of diabetes (OR: 1.67, P?=?0.000) and history of high blood glucose levels (OR: 1.48, P?=?0.001) were significantly more likely to enrol in the program. However, high risk individuals who smoked (OR: 0.52, P?=?0.000), were born in a country with high diabetes risk (OR: 0.52, P?=?0.000), were taking blood pressure lowering medications (OR: 0.80, P?=?0.040) and consumed little fruit and vegetables (OR: 0.76, P?=?0.047) were significantly less likely to take up the program. Conclusions Targeted strategies are likely to be needed to engage groups such as smokers and high risk ethnic groups. Further research is required to better understand factors influencing enrolment in diabetes prevention programs in the primary health care setting, both at the GP and individual level.

2012-01-01

164

Age Variation in the Prevalence of "DSM-IV" Disorders in Cases of Suicide of Middle-Aged and Older Persons in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data concerning 127 persons aged 35 years or above who died by suicide (as determined in consecutive cases by a Sydney coroner) were analyzed. Psychological autopsy (PA) interviews were conducted in 52 cases, and details were compared with the 75 cases where data were available only from coroner's files (CF). Most characteristics of the two groups…

Snowdon, John; Draper, Brian; Wyder, Marianne

2011-01-01

165

A practical approach to identifying the market potential for high speed rail: A case study in the Sydney-Canberra corridor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the methodology and selective empirical results from a study of the demand for a high speed rail system serving the Sydney-Canberra corridor currently dominated by air travel for business trips and car travel for non-business trips. We outline the steps involved in the study from problem specification, data needs, development of base year trip tables, model specification

David A. Hensher

1997-01-01

166

Picnicking, surf?bathing and middle?class morality on the beach in the eastern suburbs of Sydney, 1811?1912  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the nineteenth century the dominant users of Sydney beaches were picnickers. These picnickers were the primary source of complaints about the 'immoral' and 'indecent' way that surf-bathers exposed their bodies. In numerous letters to the daily papers and in complaints to both local and state governments, picnickers described surf-bathers as 'indecent larrikins'. These views were supported in government debates

Cameron White

2003-01-01

167

The impact of heat on mortality and morbidity in the Greater Metropolitan Sydney Region: a case crossover analysis  

PubMed Central

Background This study examined the association between unusually high temperature and daily mortality (1997–2007) and hospital admissions (1997–2010) in the Sydney Greater Metropolitan Region (GMR) to assist in the development of targeted health programs designed to minimise the public health impact of extreme heat. Methods Sydney GMR was categorized into five climate zones. Heat-events were defined as severe or extreme. Using a time-stratified case-crossover design with a conditional logistic regression model we adjusted for influenza epidemics, public holidays, and climate zone. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated for associations between daily mortality and hospital admissions with heat-event days compared to non-heat event days for single and three day heat-events. Results All-cause mortality overall had similar magnitude associations with single day and three day extreme and severe events as did all cardiovascular mortality. Respiratory mortality was associated with single day and three day severe events (95thpercentile, lag0: OR?=?1.14; 95%CI: 1.04 to 1.24). Diabetes mortality had similar magnitude associations with single day and three day severe events (95thpercentile, lag0: OR?=?1.22; 95%CI: 1.03 to 1.46) but was not associated with extreme events. Hospital admissions for heat related injuries, dehydration, and other fluid disorders were associated with single day and three day extreme and severe events. Contrary to our findings for mortality, we found inconsistent and sometimes inverse associations for extreme and severe events with cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease hospital admissions. Controlling for air pollutants did not influence the mortality associations but reduced the magnitude of the associations with hospital admissions particularly for ozone and respiratory disease. Conclusions Single and three day events of unusually high temperatures in Sydney are associated with similar magnitude increases in mortality and hospital admissions. The trend towards an inverse association between cardio-vascular admissions and heat-events and the strong positive association between cardio-vascular mortality and heat-events suggests these events may lead to a rapid deterioration in persons with existing cardio-vascular disease resulting in death. To reduce the adverse effects of high temperatures over multiple days, and less extreme but more frequent temperatures over single days, targeted public health messages are critical.

2013-01-01

168

Impact of the introduction of A/Sydney/5/97 H3N2 influenza virus into South Africa.  

PubMed

In 1998 South Africa experienced a major influenza epidemic that was characterized by extensive illness and an unusually early season. The impact of the epidemic was charted by measuring proxy indexes of influenza activity such as school absenteeism and excess mortality in persons older than 65 years. Viruses isolated from patients of all age groups were analyzed both antigenically and at the molecular level to determine the characteristics of the influenza strain responsible for the outbreaks. The study revealed that influenza activity was detected as early as the middle of April and peaked toward the end of May and early June. School absenteeism correlated with a sharp rise in virus isolation during this period. Consumption of influenza-related pharmaceuticals, as well as mortality figures, also corresponded to the increased absenteeism and virus isolation. Characterization of the viruses isolated during 1997 and 1998 showed clearly that the epidemic was caused by the introduction of the A/Sydney/5/97-like H3N2 influenza strain into South Africa in 1998. With no prior exposure to this virus strain, which is antigenically distinct from the viruses that had been present in this country in 1997, the population was highly susceptible, resulting in an early, rapid spread of influenza. This epidemic has highlighted the importance of having an influenza vaccine specifically formulated for the Southern Hemisphere. If the 1998 vaccine had not contained the A/Sydney/5/97 strain, the widespread outbreaks in South Africa would have been far worse in terms of morbidity, mortality, and economic loss. This, in turn, emphasizes the need for increased influenza surveillance and international cooperation. PMID:10534742

Besselaar, T G; Schoub, B D; Blackburn, N K

1999-12-01

169

Strategies for the municipal waste management system to take advantage of carbon trading under competing policies: The role of energy from waste in Sydney.  

PubMed

Climate change is a driving force behind some recent environmental legislation around the world. Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets have been set in many industrialised countries. A change in current practices of almost all greenhouse-emitting industrial sectors is unavoidable, if the set targets is to be achieved. Although, waste disposal contributes around 3% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in Australia (mainly due to fugitive methane emissions from landfills), the carbon credit and trading scheme set to start in 2010 presents significant challenges and opportunities to municipal solid waste practitioners. Technological advances in waste management, if adopted properly, allow the municipal solid waste sector to act as carbon sink, hence earning tradable carbon credits. However, due to the complexity of the system and its inherent uncertainties, optimizing it for carbon credits may worsen its performance under other criteria. We use an integrated, stochastic multi-criteria decision-making tool that we developed earlier to analyse the carbon credit potential of Sydney municipal solid waste under eleven possible future strategies. We find that the changing legislative environment is likely to make current practices highly non-optimal and increase pressures for a change of waste management strategy. PMID:19345082

El Hanandeh, Ali; El-Zein, Abbas

2009-07-01

170

Influenza vaccination during pregnancy: a qualitative study of the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices of general practitioners in Central and South-Western Sydney  

PubMed Central

Background Pregnant women have an increased risk of influenza complications. Influenza vaccination during pregnancy is safe and effective, however coverage in Australia is less than 40%. Pregnant women who receive a recommendation for influenza vaccination from a health care provider are more likely to receive it, however the perspectives of Australian general practitioners has not previously been reported. The aim of the study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices of general practitioners practicing in South-Western Sydney, Australia towards influenza vaccination during pregnancy. Methods A qualitative descriptive study was conducted, with semi-structured interviews completed with seventeen general practitioners in October 2012. A thematic analysis was undertaken by four researchers, and transcripts were analysed using N-Vivo software according to agreed codes. Results One-third of the general practitioners interviewed did not consider influenza during pregnancy to be a serious risk for the mother or the baby. The majority of the general practitioners were aware of the government recommendations for influenza vaccination during pregnancy, but few general practitioners were confident of their knowledge about the vaccine and most felt they needed more information. More than half the general practitioners had significant concerns about the safety of influenza vaccination during pregnancy. Their practices in the provision of the vaccine were related to their perception of risk of influenza during pregnancy and their confidence about the safety of the vaccine. While two-thirds reported that they are recommending influenza vaccination to their pregnant patients, many were adopting principles of patient-informed choice in their approach and encouraged women to decide for themselves whether they would receive the vaccine. Conclusions General practitioners have varied knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about influenza vaccination during pregnancy, which influence their practices. Addressing these could have a significant impact on improving vaccine uptake during pregnancy.

2014-01-01

171

Incorporation of Radon-222 as a parameter in ME-2 to improve apportionment of PM2.5 sources in the Sydney region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years source apportionment of observed PM2.5 has been improved by incorporating meteorological information as additional factors in receptor modelling studies using ME-2. In this study we replace one of these meteorological factors, namely, parameterisation by wind speed, with a parameterisation based on hourly observations of the naturally occurring terrestrial gas Radon-222 (radon), and compare results of the two parameterisations over five years at an inland site in the Greater Sydney Region.

Crawford, Jagoda; Cohen, David D.; Chambers, Scott; Williams, Alastair; Stelcer, Eduard

2013-12-01

172

A cross-sectional study of pre-travel health-seeking practices among travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports  

PubMed Central

Background Pre-travel health assessments aim to promote risk reduction through preventive measures and safe behavior, including ensuring travelers are up-to-date with their immunizations. However, studies assessing pre-travel health-seeking practices from a variety of medical and non-medical sources and vaccine uptake prior to travel to both developing and developed countries within the Asia-Pacific region are scarce. Methods Cross-sectional surveys were conducted between July and December 2007 to assess pre-travel health seeking practices, including advice from health professionals, health information from other sources and vaccine uptake, in a sample of travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports. A two-stage cluster sampling technique was used to ensure representativeness of travelers and travel destinations. Pre-travel health seeking practices were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire distributed at the check-in queues of departing flights. Logistic regression models were used to identify significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional, reported separately for Australian residents, residents of other Western countries and residents of countries in Asia. Results A total of 843 surveys were included in the final sample (Sydney 729, response rate 56%; Bangkok 114, response rate 60%). Overall, pre-travel health information from any source was sought by 415 (49%) respondents with 298 (35%) seeking pre-travel advice from a health professional, the majority through general practice. Receipt of a pre-travel vaccine was reported by 100 (12%) respondents. Significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional differed by region of residence. Asian travelers were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice and uptake of pre-travel vaccines than Australian or other Western travelers. Migrant Australians were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice than Australian-born travelers. Conclusions This study highlights differences in health-seeking practices including the uptake of pre-travel health advice by region of residence and country of birth. There is a public health need to identify strategies targeting these travel groups. This includes the promotion of affordable and accessible travel clinics in low resource countries as traveler numbers increase and travel health promotion targeting migrant groups in high resource countries. General practitioners should play a central role. Determining the most appropriate strategies for increasing pre-travel health preparation, particularly for vaccine preventable diseases in travelers is the next stage in advancing travel medicine research.

2012-01-01

173

Evidence of Carboniferous volcanic ash in Pictou Group (West-phalian D), Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada  

SciTech Connect

Until now, Carboniferous-altered volcanic ash in North America was known only from the Middle Pennsylvanian (upper Westphalian A to lower Westphalian D) of the Appalachian basin. Now, however, mineralogical analysis of thin claystones (8-24 mm thick) in mineable bituminous coal (Hub and Harbour seams) form the P-boreholes in the Donkin submarine areas of the Sydney coalfield, Nova Scotia, indicates the presence of trace amounts of minerals probably derived from a volcanic ash fall of late Westphalian D age. Water-clear to cloudy quartz splinters and euhedral zircon with sharp crystal faces and edges, and length-to-width ratios up to 6:1 - which are typical of Appalachian altered acidic volcanic ash deposits (tonsteins) - were with a dominantly detrital (fluvial ) mineral suite. Fifty to 90% water-laid silt- to sand-size detrital grains of quartz, tourmaline( ), zircon, white mica, and other minerals are found in the HF residum after the removal of the dominant components: clay minerals, pyrite, and coal particles (spores, secretinite, etc.). The fine size of the volcanic minerals and their low concentration indicate a very distant volcanic ash source, perhaps western Europe, where volcanic activity extended into the Stephanian.

Lyons, P.C.; Outerbridge, W.F. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States)); Hacquebard, P.A. (Atlantic Geoscience Centre, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia (Canada))

1991-08-01

174

Comparison of Bayesian and frequentist approaches in modelling risk of preterm birth near the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada  

PubMed Central

Background This study compares the Bayesian and frequentist (non-Bayesian) approaches in the modelling of the association between the risk of preterm birth and maternal proximity to hazardous waste and pollution from the Sydney Tar Pond site in Nova Scotia, Canada. Methods The data includes 1604 observed cases of preterm birth out of a total population of 17559 at risk of preterm birth from 144 enumeration districts in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. Other covariates include the distance from the Tar Pond; the rate of unemployment to population; the proportion of persons who are separated, divorced or widowed; the proportion of persons who have no high school diploma; the proportion of persons living alone; the proportion of single parent families and average income. Bayesian hierarchical Poisson regression, quasi-likelihood Poisson regression and weighted linear regression models were fitted to the data. Results The results of the analyses were compared together with their limitations. Conclusion The results of the weighted linear regression and the quasi-likelihood Poisson regression agrees with the result from the Bayesian hierarchical modelling which incorporates the spatial effects.

Ismaila, Afisi S; Canty, Angelo; Thabane, Lehana

2007-01-01

175

The relationship of current depressive symptoms and past depression with cognitive impairment and instrumental activities of daily living in an elderly population: the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study.  

PubMed

Depressive symptoms are common in the elderly and they have been associated with cognitive and functional impairment. However, relatively less is known about the relationship of a lifetime history of depression to cognitive impairment and functional status. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess whether current depressive symptoms and past depression are associated with cognitive or functional impairment in a community-based sample representative of east Sydney, Australia. We also examined whether there was an interaction between current and past depression in their effects on cognitive performance. Eight hundred non-demented aged participants received a neuropsychological assessment, a past psychiatric history interview and the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale. The Bayer-Activities of Daily Living scale was completed by an informant to determine functional ability. Clinically relevant depressive symptoms were present in 6.1% of the sample and 16.6% reported a history of depression. Participants with current depression had significantly higher levels of psychological distress and anxiety, and lower life satisfaction and performed worse on memory and executive function compared to participants without current depression. After controlling for anxiety the effect on executive function was no longer significant while the effect on memory remained significant. A history of depression was associated with worse executive function, higher levels of psychological distress and anxiety, and lower life satisfaction. After controlling for psychological distress the effect of past depression on executive function was no longer significant. There were no significant interactions between current and past depression in their effects on cognitive performance. There were no differences between participants with or without current depression and with or without past depression on functional abilities. These results support the view that current and past depressive episodes are associated with poorer cognitive performance but not with functional abilities. PMID:21871636

Reppermund, S; Brodaty, H; Crawford, J D; Kochan, N A; Slavin, M J; Trollor, J N; Draper, B; Sachdev, P S

2011-12-01

176

TWO FACES OF GOD: RELIGION AND SOCIAL CLASS IN THE BRAZILIAN DIASPORA IN SYDNEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brazilian immigration to Australia has two defining moments. The first migrants arrived in the early 1970s, attracted by an Australian Government assistance scheme. These were poor migrants and today still belong to the working class. The second group started arriving in the late 1990s. By contrast with the first group, these are young pro- fessionals who are highly educated and

Cristina Rocha

177

Coaching and Training: an Ethnography of Student Commuting on Sydney's Suburban Trains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public transport systems in Australia receive subsidies from state governments to facilitate the movement of students to and from schools. During the educational peak hours, students on their way to and from school dominate the demographics of buses and trains. Policies of de?zoning plus the drift to non?government schooling have increased the numbers of students commuting each day. As with

Colin Symes

2007-01-01

178

Multiculturalism and Language Shift: A Subjective Vitality Questionnaire Study of Sydney Italians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares Subjective Vitality Questionnaire (SVQ) results of standard Italian and standard Greek in Australia to determine if the substantial difference in vitality between the languages is reflected in perceived vitality as measured by the SVQ. Results show that the perceived differences of Greek and Italian vitality are less than the real…

Gibbons, John; Ashcroft, Lyn

1995-01-01

179

Developments in undergraduate teaching of small-animal soft-tissue surgical skills at the University of Sydney.  

PubMed

This article discusses recent developments in soft-tissue surgery teaching at the University of Sydney, Faculty of Veterinary Science. An integrated teaching program was developed for Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) students with the aim of providing them with optimal learning opportunities to meet "Day One" small-animal soft-tissue surgical competencies. Didactic lectures and tutorials were introduced earlier into the curriculum to prepare students for live-animal surgery practical. In addition to existing clinics, additional spay/neuter clinics were established in collaboration with animal welfare organizations to increase student exposure to live-animal surgery. A silicon-based, life-like canine ovariohysterectomy model was developed with the assistance of a model-making and special effects company. The model features elastic ovarian pedicles and suspensory ligaments, which can be stretched and broken like those of an actual dog. To monitor the volume and type of student surgical experience, an E-portfolio resource was established. This resource allows for the tracking of numbers of live, student-performed desexing surgeries and incorporates competency-based assessments and reflective tasks to be completed by students. Student feedback on the integrated surgical soft-tissue teaching program was assessed. Respondents were assessed in the fourth year of the degree and will have further opportunities to develop Day One small-animal soft-tissue surgical competencies in the fifth year. Ninety-four percent of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that they were motivated to participate in all aspects of the program, while 78% agreed or strongly agreed that they received an adequate opportunity to develop their skills and confidence in ovariohysterectomy or castration procedures through the fourth-year curriculum. PMID:22430078

Gopinath, Deepa; McGreevy, Paul D; Zuber, Richard M; Klupiec, Corinna; Baguley, John; Barrs, Vanessa R

2012-01-01

180

What's in a virus? Folk understandings of hepatitis C infection and infectiousness among injecting drug users in Kings Cross, Sydney  

PubMed Central

Background To explore folk understandings of blood borne virus infection and infectiousness among injecting drug users in Kings Cross, Sydney. Methods Observational fieldwork was conducted in Kings Cross over a four month period. In-depth interviews with 24 current injectors and 4 key informants recruited from King Cross were undertaken. Results Hepatitis C (HCV) generated different meanings from HIV. HIV was considered "the dreaded" and generated fear of infection and dire disease progression. Whereas HCV was considered non-desirable but less threatening than HIV. The risks of transmitting HCV through sharing injecting paraphernalia was poorly understood. Some believed HCV infection was linked to poor hygiene and dirty water. Jaundice was mistakenly thought to indicate HCV infection and was used to gauge infectiousness. Many were confused about their current hepatitis C serostatus. Some participants thought they had a "dormant antibody" or that they had a "mild case" of infection. Participants were unsure what this meant for their own health or for their potential to infect others. Conclusion Participants displayed confusion about transmission risks for hepatitis C, conflating blood awareness and hygiene health promotion messages. Participants' reliance on the symptom of jaundice to gauge serostatus places them at risk of transmitting and contracting HCV. Participants were confused about what a positive HCV diagnosis meant for their own health and their ability to infect others. Education is needed to debunk misconceptions about jaundice and clarify medical terms such as 'antibody' at the time of diagnosis. Further clarification of messages about injecting hygiene and blood awareness are also required.

Southgate, Erica; Weatherall, Anne Maree; Day, Carolyn; Dolan, Kate A

2005-01-01

181

Subtype distribution of Blastocystis isolates identified in a Sydney population and pathogenic potential of Blastocystis.  

PubMed

Blastocystis is one of the most common enteric parasites present in humans. There is still much uncertainty about the pathogenic potential of this parasite, and it was suggested that its pathogenicity could be subtype-related. This report aimed to study 98 Blastocystis isolates found in human stool specimens to identify the subtypes present and carry out phylogenetic analysis on these isolates. This study also aimed to show the relationship between subtype and symptoms. Five-hundred and thirteen stool samples were submitted to five different diagnostic techniques for the detection of Blastocystis. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive samples were then sequenced and the small subunit (SSU) rDNA sequences were aligned and submitted to phylogenetic analysis. Ninety-eight samples were positive by any of the diagnostic methods for Blastocystis and 96 were positive by PCR. There were seven different subtypes (1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8) identified by PCR and sequencing. This is the first large-scale study to examine the occurrence of Blastocystis in Australia. This study reports the high incidence of subtype 3 (44 %) in this population and discusses the emerging idea of subtype-dependent pathogenicity. PMID:22996007

Roberts, T; Stark, D; Harkness, J; Ellis, J

2013-03-01

182

"First Aid for Scalds" campaign: reaching Sydney's Chinese, Vietnamese, and Arabic speaking communities  

PubMed Central

Objectives—As a serious yet preventable problem, scald injuries in children have been a priority for prevention in Australia and other developed countries. Not only can the occurrence of scalds be prevented, but immediate first aid treatment offers an effective method for secondary prevention, reducing the severity of scalds. Despite the success of scald prevention initiatives, local evidence suggested that first aid knowledge was lacking in some minority ethnic groups. To redress this gap, the "First Aid for Scalds" campaign for those from a non-English speaking background was specifically targeted to three ethnic groups (Vietnamese, Chinese, and Arabic), with the aim of increasing the proportions of parents and caregivers who had correct knowledge of first aid treatment for scalds. The primary strategy was a media campaign, including advertisements on ethnic radio and in ethnic newspapers. Methods—The evaluation design included formative research and impact evaluation. The impact evaluation study involved random population based telephone surveys with each of the three language groups, before and after the campaign, to assess the reach and effectiveness of the campaign. Results—After the campaign, there were significant increases in the proportion of people who knew the correct first aid treatment for scalds. There were substantial variations in campaign recall and knowledge between each of the three language groups. The largest improvement was found in the Vietnamese group. Conclusion—The association between campaign recall and increase in correct knowledge, and the absence of any similar interventions during the campaign period, give credence to the conclusion that the changes observed were a result of the campaign. The results demonstrate the value of community based injury prevention campaigns specifically targeting linguistically diverse communities.

King, L.; Thomas, M.; Gatenby, K.; Georgiou, A.; Hua, M.

1999-01-01

183

The use of a multifactor Southern Oscillation Index for the estimation of annual hailstorm frequencies in the Sydney area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Relationships between the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) and hailfall activity in the Sydney area were investigated with the help of a newly compiled Natural Hazards Research Centre (NHRC) hailfall database. The original hail data, which contain a record of all hailstone sizes for the period 1791-1994, were stratified into the form of (monthly, seasonal) annual hailday sums for the period 1935-1994 and cross-correlated with the SOI values stratified accordingly. With the exception of a marginally significant value for the month of November (r=0.26) no other significant simultaneous or lagged correlations were found between these two types of variables. A multifactor SOI was then developed as a possible indicator of the annual (June to May) hailstorm frequencies. The new three-factor SOI is composed of the sum of two SOI gradients (the differences between the October and June SOI values, and the November and February SOI values, respectively), minus the absolute value of the SOI average for the second half of the year. It is shown that high annual hailstorm activity tends to be associated with a high value of this index. High index values are generally reached during years marked by a rising SOI from June to November and a trend towards negative SOI values thereafter. It is suggested that this reversal of the relationship between the hail activity and the SOI can be attributed to similar changes observable in (low and high level) geopotential height anomalies over the area. The multifactor SOI leads to correlations of 0.6 (0.8) with the 1935-1994 (1985-1994) time series of annual hailday numbers. The three-factor index has more of a monitoring than a predictive quality (as it relies on the SOI values for the June to February period), whereas a subset index, consisting of the first and third component only, can have a predictive character. The latter partial index relies on the June to October data only and leads to nearly as high correlations with the annual hailday sums as the entire three-factor index (r=0.4-0.8). The stepwise development of the multifactor SOI is based on a multiple categorisation of the annual (seasonal) hailday numbers into several broad SOI categories according to the magnitude of the concurrent SOI values. Further details about the characteristics of these indices and their association with hailfall activity are described.

Kuhnel, Ivan

1998-06-01

184

Differential expression of genes encoding anti-oxidant enzymes in Sydney rock oysters, Saccostrea glomerata (Gould) selected for disease resistance.  

PubMed

Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) selectively bred for disease resistance (R) and wild-caught control oysters (W) were exposed to a field infection of disseminating neoplasia. Cumulative mortality of W oysters (31.7%) was significantly greater than R oysters (0.0%) over the 118 days of the experiment. In an attempt to understand the biochemical and molecular pathways involved in disease resistance, differentially expressed sequence tags (ESTs) between R and W S. glomerata hemocytes were identified using the PCR technique, suppression subtractive hybridisation (SSH). Sequencing of 300 clones from two SSH libraries revealed 183 distinct sequences of which 113 shared high similarity to sequences in the public databases. Putative function could be assigned to 64 of the sequences. Expression of nine ESTs homologous to genes previously shown to be involved in bivalve immunity was further studied using quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR). The base-line expression of an extracellular superoxide dismutase (ecSOD) and a small heat shock protein (sHsP) were significantly increased, whilst peroxiredoxin 6 (Prx6) and interferon inhibiting cytokine factor (IK) were significantly decreased in R oysters. From these results it was hypothesised that R oysters would be able to generate the anti-parasitic compound, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) faster and to higher concentrations during respiratory burst due to the differential expression of genes for the two anti-oxidant enzymes of ecSOD and Prx6. To investigate this hypothesis, protein extracts from hemolymph were analysed for oxidative burst enzyme activity. Analysis of the cell free hemolymph proteins separated by native-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) failed to detect true superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity by assaying dismutation of superoxide anion in zymograms. However, the ecSOD enzyme appears to generate hydrogen peroxide, presumably via another process, which is yet to be elucidated. This corroborates our hypothesis, whilst phylogenetic analysis of the complete coding sequence (CDS) of the S. glomerata ecSOD gene is supportive of the atypical nature of the ecSOD enzyme. Results obtained from this work further the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in resistance to disease in this economically important bivalve, and shed further light on the anomalous oxidative processes involved. PMID:19332130

Green, Timothy J; Dixon, Tom J; Devic, Emilie; Adlard, Robert D; Barnes, Andrew C

2009-05-01

185

Iodine Intake and Thyroid Function in Pregnant Women in a Private Clinical Practice in Northwestern Sydney before Mandatory Fortification of Bread with Iodised Salt  

PubMed Central

Aim. The primary objective of the study was to assess the iodine nutritional status, and its effect on thyroid function, of pregnant women in a private obstetrical practice in Sydney. Methods. It was a cross-sectional study undertaken between November 2007 and March 2009. Blood samples were taken from 367 women at their first antenatal visit between 7 and 11 weeks gestation for measurement of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) levels and spot urine samples for urinary iodine excretion were taken at the same time as blood collection. Results. The median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) for all women was 81??g/l (interquartile range 41–169??g/l). 71.9% of the women exhibited a UIC of <150??g/l. 26% of the women had a UIC <50??g/l, and 12% had a UIC <20??g/l. The only detectable influences on UIC were daily milk intake and pregnancy supplements. There was no statistically significant association between UIC and thyroid function and no evidence for an effect of iodine intake on thyroid function. Conclusions. There is a high prevalence of mild to moderate iodine deficiency in women in Western Sydney but no evidence for a significant adverse effect on thyroid function. The 6.5% prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism is unlikely to be due to iodine deficiency.

Blumenthal, Norman; Byth, Karen; Eastman, Creswell J.

2012-01-01

186

ICSN Meeting: 2012 Sydney  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Search International Cancer Screening Network Sponsored by the National Cancer Institute Home | About ICSN | Collaborative Projects | Meetings | Cancer Sites | Publications | Contact Us ICSN Meetings: 1997 | 1999 | 2002 | 2004

187

Media Matters in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how a teacher helped transform a K-12 Christian school near Sydney, Australia, from a book-bound media studies program into a hands-on learning experience for students. Various projects allow students to operate advanced equipment, evaluate their own and their peers' work, present research results to the class, and produce live media…

Daniels, Kell

1998-01-01

188

Outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by norovirus GII.4 Sydney variant after a wedding reception at a resort/activity centre, Finland, August 2012.  

PubMed

SUMMARY In August 2012, an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred among 88 persons attending a wedding reception at a resort/activity centre in Ylöjärvi, Finland. Of 39 interviewed guests, 23 met the case definition. Two persons were hospitalized. Epidemiological, laboratory and environmental investigations were conducted to characterize the outbreak and to recommend control measures. Investigation confirmed the presence of a new strain of norovirus GII.4 Sydney variant in stool specimens obtained from two wedding guests and on several environmental surfaces in the centre. In the questionnaire study, none of the foods or beverages served during the reception were significantly associated with the illness. Additional cases of gastroenteritis that occurred at the centre before and after the wedding reception supported the hypothesis of environmental transmission of norovirus. After thorough cleansing and disinfection and 1 week's quarantine, no new cases with symptoms typical for norovirus infection were identified at the centre. PMID:24229743

Polkowska, A; Rönnqvist, M; Lepistö, O; Roivainen, M; Maunula, L; Huusko, S; Toikkanen, S; Rimhanen-Finne, R

2014-09-01

189

Conditions of Participation: For Exhibitions at U. S. Trade Centers in Emergent Markets (Including Sydney, Australia).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report sets forth US government agreements to provide: Professional exhibition services; a widespread market promotion campaign; marketing counsel; and the scheduling of shipment of the exhibitor's material.

1973-01-01

190

Factors affecting traffic and anchoring patterns of recreational boats in Sydney Harbour, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management of recreational boating is typically based on measures of numbers of boats (e.g. marina berths, vessel registrations). Potential environmental impacts and safety aspects may, however, be a function of the number of boat movements and not of the total numbers of boats kept in a harbour. Therefore, a survey was designed to test hypotheses regarding the traffic and anchoring

W. M Widmer; A. J Underwood

2004-01-01

191

Sydney, Australia Community Meets Classroom: Celebrating Families and Difference in the Early Stages of Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers and teacher educators are often hard pressed to find resources that creatively integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), and intersex issues into the early stages of primary education. While there is a growing number of academics who stress the importance of addressing topics of sexual and gender diversity during the early…

Burns, Kellie

2006-01-01

192

Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. METHOD: An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409

Li Ming Wen; Victoria M Flood; Judy M Simpson; Chris Rissel; Louise A Baur

2010-01-01

193

Repeated Dientamoeba fragilis infections: a case report of two families from Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

We report cases of two unrelated families who both presented with recurrent Dientamoeba fragilis infections. Subsequent antimicrobial therapy resulted in the clearance of D. fragilis and total resolution of gastrointestinal symptoms in both families. This report highlights the potentially recurrent nature of D. fragilis infections and the need for laboratories to routinely test for this organism.

Stark, Damien; Barratt, Joel; Ellis, John; Harkness, John; Marriott, Deborah

2009-01-01

194

Repeated Dientamoeba fragilis infections: a case report of two families from Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

We report cases of two unrelated families who both presented with recurrent Dientamoeba fragilis infections. Subsequent antimicrobial therapy resulted in the clearance of D. fragilis and total resolution of gastrointestinal symptoms in both families. This report highlights the potentially recurrent nature of D. fragilis infections and the need for laboratories to routinely test for this organism. PMID:24470882

Stark, Damien; Barratt, Joel; Ellis, John; Harkness, John; Marriott, Deborah

2009-09-14

195

CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY MAPPING AS A STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT TOOL: CASE STUDY FROM SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Summary Local government is increasingly playing a leadership role in enhancing community preparedness and resilience with respect to climate change. However, given the complexity of the interactions between climate and society, a broad range of pathways exist by which community vulnerability can be increased or reduced. Engagement tools that can assist in communicating this complexity to stakeholders are therefore

Benjamin L. Preston; Timothy F. Smith; Cassandra Brooke; Russell Gorddard; Tom G. Measham; Geoff Withycombe; Beth Beveridge; Craig Morrison; Kathleen McInnes; Deborah Abbs

196

"It's Good to Have Wheels!" Perceptions of Cycling among Homeless Young People in Sydney, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in sporting or recreational programs can be unattainable for many disadvantaged young people. Encouraging regular cycling is an important public health strategy to increase participation in physical activity and expand personal transport options for marginalised youth. Perceptions and attitudes toward cycling were explored in eight…

Crawford, Belinda; Rissel, Chris; Yamazaki, Rowena; Franke, Elise; Amanatidis, Sue; Ravulo, Jioji; Bindon, Jenni; Torvaldsen, Siranda

2012-01-01

197

Inhibitor of REL\\/NF ?B is regulated in Sydney rock oysters in response to specific double-stranded RNA and Vibrio alginolyticus, but the major immune anti-oxidants EcSOD and Prx6 are non-inducible  

Microsoft Academic Search

Invertebrates, such as oysters have mechanisms to recognize different microbial associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) and recognition of these antigens triggers signaling pathways for the transcription of immune-related proteins. Components of the Rel\\/NF-?B pathway have been identified in mollusks but the role of different MAMPs in the activation of this pathway is poorly understood. In the current study, the Sydney rock

Timothy J. Green; Andrew C. Barnes

2009-01-01

198

Whole genome sequencing and de novo assembly identifies Sydney-like variant noroviruses and recombinants during the winter 2012/2013 outbreak in England  

PubMed Central

Background Norovirus is the commonest cause of epidemic gastroenteritis among people of all ages. Outbreaks frequently occur in hospitals and the community, costing the UK an estimated £110 m per annum. An evolutionary explanation for periodic increases in norovirus cases, despite some host-specific post immunity is currently limited to the identification of obvious recombinants. Our understanding could be significantly enhanced by full length genome sequences for large numbers of intensively sampled viruses, which would also assist control and vaccine design. Our objective is to develop rapid, high-throughput, end-to-end methods yielding complete norovirus genome sequences. We apply these methods to recent English outbreaks, placing them in the wider context of the international norovirus epidemic of winter 2012. Method Norovirus sequences were generated from 28 unique clinical samples by Illumina RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) of total faecal RNA. A range of de novo sequence assemblers were attempted. The best assembler was identified by validation against three replicate samples and two norovirus qPCR negative samples, together with an additional 20 sequences determined by PCR and fractional capillary sequencing. Phylogenetic methods were used to reconstruct evolutionary relationships from the whole genome sequences. Results Full length norovirus genomes were generated from 23/28 samples. 5/28 partial norovirus genomes were associated with low viral copy numbers. The de novo assembled sequences differed from sequences determined by capillary sequencing by <0.003%. Intra-host nucleotide sequence diversity was rare, but detectable by mapping short sequence reads onto its de novo assembled consensus. Genomes similar to the Sydney 2012 strain caused 78% (18/23) of cases, consistent with its previously documented association with the winter 2012 global outbreak. Interestingly, phylogenetic analysis and recombination detection analysis of the consensus sequences identified two related viruses as recombinants, containing sequences in prior circulation to Sydney 2012 in open reading frame (ORF) 2. Conclusion Our approach facilitates the rapid determination of complete norovirus genomes. This method provides high resolution of full norovirus genomes which, when coupled with detailed epidemiology, may improve the understanding of evolution and control of this important healthcare-associated pathogen.

2013-01-01

199

Australia's Biodiversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Australian Museum Online comes this informative presentation on biodiversity. This searchable site allows visitors to learn fun biodiversity facts (such as the evolutionary history of the platypus and the secret life of kelp forests), how to conserve biodiversity through sustainable living practices, and what's happening at the Australian Museum in Sydney. Many of the pages can also be downloaded in .pdf format. Features of the site include RealMedia films on such topics as the Lizard Island Research Station and Sydney's Coastal Reefs; a page about the interpretive strategies of the museum's exhibition, Biodiversity: life supporting life; and biodiversity and forestry case studies in Australia. Well organized and readable, this site will be enjoyable for both Aussies and non-Aussies interested in the science and wonder of life's diversity.

2008-04-01

200

Lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil and house dust in the communities surrounding the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds.  

PubMed

This study evaluated lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in the residential communities adjacent to the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds, the area considered Canada's worst contaminated site. The tar pond remediation policy has been limited to the site and some residential properties. We compared background concentrations in 91 soil samples taken 5-20 km from the coke oven site with those in soil samples from the three communities surrounding the tar ponds: Whitney Pier, Ashby, and North End. These surrounding communities were statistically different from background regarding arsenic, lead, and PAHs. Twenty percent of the background soil samples and 95% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian health-risk-based soil guidelines for arsenic (12 ppm), and 5% of the background samples and 80% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian guidelines for lead (140 ppm). Regarding dust lead and arsenic loading, the results provide no evidence that Whitney Pier is significantly different than Ashby and North End. Children in these communities are predicted to have a 1-15% chance of blood lead > 10 microg/dL. The results suggest that lead and arsenic found in the homes originate outside. The lead content of paint in the homes was not evaluated, but consideration of painted wood at the doorway did not confound the results of the study. The results indicate that the residential environment has been adversely affected by PAHs, lead, and arsenic and should be considered for remediation. PMID:14698928

Lambert, Timothy W; Lane, Stephanie

2004-01-01

201

FTIR and py-GC-MS spectra of true-fern and seed-fern sphenopterids (Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada, Pennsylvanian)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Sphenopterid specimens from the Late Pennsylvanian of Sydney Coalfield, Canada, are investigated by FTIR and py-GC-MS techniques as part of an on-going research project into the biochemistry and chemotaxonomy of Pennsylvanian-age pteridophylls. Included in the investigation are samples of the true-fern species Oligocarpia brongniartii and Zeilleria delicatula that are preserved as naturally macerated cuticles (NMC), and the seed-fern Eusphenopteris neuropteroides that is also preserved as a compression/impression. FTIR spectra of NMC seed-fern E. neuropteroides, and fern sphenopterid O. brongniartii are very similar, except that the latter does not have aromatic bands in the 700-900 cm-1 out-of-plane region, py-GC-MS show more aromatic compounds for the seed fern than for the two true-fern sphenopterids. Another difference between seed-fern and true-fern sphenopterids is a lower ratio of CH2 to CH3 in chemically treated specimens (CTC) for the seed fern. These observations suggest slightly higher aromaticity for the seed ferns, perhaps related to some chemotaxonomic differences. Comparison of FTIR and py-GC-MS characteristics of sphenopterids and other plant groups shows that these two techniques have potential to identifying chemotaxonomic signals from Carboniferous pteridophylls in general, although more data are needed to confirm this. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Zodrow, E. L.; Mastalerz, M.

2002-01-01

202

Meandarra Gravity Ridge: symmetry elements of the gravity anomaly and its relationship to the Bowen–Gunnedah–Sydney basin system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Meandarra Gravity Ridge is one of the major gravity features in eastern Australia. The source(s) for this gravity anomaly is problematic because the ridge, a gravity high, coincides for much of its length with the thickest parts of the Bowen and Gunnedah Basins, areas that would normally be expected to be regional gravity lows. Furthermore, the Meandarra Gravity Ridge

A. A. Krassay; R. J. Korsch; B. J. Drummond

2009-01-01

203

Late HIV diagnosis of people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in Sydney: The role of culture and community  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia more than 85% of newly diagnosed HIV infections in 1999–2003 were homosexually acquired. In contrast, among people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds, there is a much higher proportion of heterosexual exposure and many of the heterosexually acquired infections are diagnosed ‘late’, with people sometimes presenting with symptoms of AIDS. This paper reports on circumstances of late HIV

H. Körner

2007-01-01

204

Risk Factors for Late-Life Cognitive Decline and Variation with Age and Sex in the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction An aging population brings increasing burdens and costs to individuals and society arising from late-life cognitive decline, the causes of which are unclear. We aimed to identify factors predicting late-life cognitive decline. Methods Participants were 889 community-dwelling 70–90-year-olds from the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study with comprehensive neuropsychological assessments at baseline and a 2-year follow-up and initially without dementia. Cognitive decline was considered as incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia, as well as decreases in attention/processing speed, executive function, memory, and global cognition. Associations with baseline demographic, lifestyle, health and medical factors were determined. Results All cognitive measures showed decline and 14% of participants developed incident MCI or dementia. Across all participants, risk factors for decline included older age and poorer smelling ability most prominently, but also more education, history of depression, being male, higher homocysteine, coronary artery disease, arthritis, low health status, and stroke. Protective factors included marriage, kidney disease, and antidepressant use. For some of these factors the association varied with age or differed between men and women. Additional risk and protective factors that were strictly age- and/or sex-dependent were also identified. We found salient population attributable risks (8.7–49.5%) for older age, being male or unmarried, poor smelling ability, coronary artery disease, arthritis, stroke, and high homocysteine. Discussion Preventing or treating conditions typically associated with aging might reduce population-wide late-life cognitive decline. Interventions tailored to particular age and sex groups may offer further benefits.

Lipnicki, Darren M.; Sachdev, Perminder S.; Crawford, John; Reppermund, Simone; Kochan, Nicole A.; Trollor, Julian N.; Draper, Brian; Slavin, Melissa J.; Kang, Kristan; Lux, Ora; Mather, Karen A.; Brodaty, Henry

2013-01-01

205

Making Visible the First Women in Astronomy in Australia: The Measurers and Computers Employed for the Astrographic Catalogue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Australia a significant number of women were employed to measure and compute the position of stars for the Astrographic Catalogue at Adelaide, Sydney, Melbourne and Perth Observatories. New archival research has provided evidence that the first women employed in astronomy in Australia were engaged due to this project.

Stevenson, T.

206

Twentieth century toxinology and antivenom development in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was not until the last decade of the 19th century that an experimental approach (led by Bancroft in Queensland and Martin in Sydney and Melbourne) brought a higher plane of scientific objectivity to usher in the modern era of Australian toxinology. This Australia era, 1895–1905, coincided with and in some respects was the result of the new knowledge emerging

Kenneth D. Winkel; Peter Mirtschin; John Pearn

2006-01-01

207

Australian identity, the press and major international sporting events : a study of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games held in Australia since 1956  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores links between perceptions of Australian identity and the national press reporting of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games staged in Australia: the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games, the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, the 1982 Brisbane Commonwealth Games, and the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. When Australia plays host to the world or Commonwcalth of Nations it is

Rachel Payne

2007-01-01

208

ACAL National Conference (Sydney, Australia, October 9-11, 1992). Conference Papers, Vol. 3, Workshops with a Local NSW Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third of three volumes of the 1992 Australian Council for Adult Literacy (ACAL) Conference Papers is a special edition of "Literacy and Numeracy Exchange." It includes nine papers from workshops with a more local New South Wales focus. "Literacy, Language, and Numeracy in the Workplace in the Context of Industry Restructuring" (Ursula…

Literacy & Numeracy Exchange, 1992

1992-01-01

209

Joy, Exercise, Enjoyment, Getting out: A Qualitative Study of Older People's Experience of Cycling in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Cycling can be an enjoyable way to meet physical activity recommendations and is suitable for older people; however cycling participation by older Australians is low. This qualitative study explored motivators, enablers, and barriers to cycling among older people through an age-targeted cycling promotion program. Methods. Seventeen adults who aged 50–75 years participated in a 12-week cycling promotion program which included a cycling skills course, mentor, and resource pack. Semistructured interviews at the beginning and end of the program explored motivators, enablers, and barriers to cycling. Results. Fitness and recreation were the primary motivators for cycling. The biggest barrier was fear of cars and traffic, and the cycling skills course was the most important enabler for improving participants' confidence. Reported outcomes from cycling included improved quality of life (better mental health, social benefit, and empowerment) and improved physical health. Conclusions. A simple cycling program increased cycling participation among older people. This work confirms the importance of improving confidence in this age group through a skills course, mentors, and maps and highlights additional strategies for promoting cycling, such as ongoing improvement to infrastructure and advertising.

Passmore, Erin; Mason, Chloe; Rissel, Chris

2013-01-01

210

Progress and Poverty; Library Association of Australia Proceedings of the Biennial Conference (16th) Sydney, August 1971.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The complete program for this four-day conference is included in this proceedings. The papers are grouped into the following major sections: Official Opening, Greetings from American Library Association, Presidential Address, Plenary Papers, General Paper...

J. P. Whyte

1972-01-01

211

Working Knowledge: Productive Learning at Work. Proceedings [of the] International Conference (Sydney, Australia, December 10-13, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference proceedings contains 65 presentations and 3 colloquiums from a conference that dealt with knowledge at work and knowledge that works and with how education can be successfully integrated into work and work into education. The papers are "Reading the Contexts of Complex Incidents of Adult Education Practice" (Apte); "Models of Work…

Symes, Colin, Ed.

212

Conference on the Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, 3rd, University of Sydney, Australia, February 11-15, 1985, Proceedings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various papers on the ionosphere and radio wave propagation are presented. The subjects discussed include: day-to-day variability in foF2 at low latitudes over a solar cycle; semiempirical, low-latitude ionospheric model; remote sensing with the Jindalee skywave radar; photographic approach to irregularities in the 80-100 km region; interference of radio waves in a CW system; study of the F-region characteristics at Waltair; recent developments in the international reference ionosphere; research-oriented ionosonde with directional capabilities; and ionospheric forecasting for specific applications. Also addressed are: experimental and theoretical techniques for the equatorial F region; empirical models of ionospheric electron concentration; the Jindalee ionospheric sounding system; a semiempirical midlatitude ionospheric model; Es structure using an HF radar; short-term variations in f0F2 and IEC; nonreciprocity in Omega propagation observed at middle latitudes; propagation management for no acknowledge HF links; new techniques in ionospheric sounding and studies; and lunar effects in the ionospheric F region.

Cole, D. G.; McNamara, L. F.

1985-12-01

213

Patterns of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Associated with Major Depression among Gay Men Attending General Practices in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our aim was to clarify the role of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use in major depression among gay men attending general medical practices. A secondary analysis was conducted on survey data collected from 531 gay men attending high-HIV-caseload general practices in Adelaide and Sydney, Australia. The survey contained demographic, social,…

Holt, Martin; Bryant, Joanne; Newman, Christy E.; Paquette, Dana M.; Mao, Limin; Kidd, Michael R.; Saltman, Deborah C.; Kippax, Susan C.

2012-01-01

214

Struan Sutherland—Doyen of envenomation in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Struan Sutherland (1936–2002) was the doyen of medical research in the field of envenomation and the ultimate authority on the medical management of envenomated victims in Australia for almost 3 decades. In 1981 as Head of Immunology Research of Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (CSL), he produced an antivenom against the Sydney Funnel-web Spider (Atrax robustus)—an accomplishment that had defied numerous previous

James Tibballs

2006-01-01

215

Molecular Characterizations of PCR-Positive Mycoplasma pneumoniae Specimens Collected from Australia and China.  

PubMed

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an important cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). In this study, M. pneumoniae strains in PCR-positive specimens collected from patients in Sydney, Australia (30 samples), and Beijing, China (83 samples), were characterized using multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA), P1-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis, and sequencing of domain V of the 23S rRNA gene to compare genotype distribution and macrolide resistance rates between locations. Eighteen distinct MLVA types were identified in specimens from Sydney, of which 10 were known (types E, G, J, M, N, P, U, V, S, and X) and 8 previously unknown. Strains were equally distributed between P1-RFLP type 1 and type 2 variants. Among samples from Beijing, MLVA types E, G, J, P, U, X, and Z and four new types were identified. Most specimens belonged to P1-RFLP type 1. A nomenclature based on five VNTR loci is proposed to designate MLVA patterns. Macrolide resistance-associated mutations were identified in only 1 of 30 specimens (3.3%) from Sydney and 71 of 83 (85.5%) from Beijing (P < 0.05). This study demonstrated that although multiple individual M. pneumoniae strains were circulating in Beijing, the genotypes were less diverse than those in Sydney. However, the greatest regional difference was in the incidence of macrolide resistance, which may reflect differences in antibiotic use and/or measures in resistance control. PMID:24574282

Xue, Guanhua; Wang, Qinning; Yan, Chao; Jeoffreys, Neisha; Wang, Liqiong; Li, Shaoli; Gilbert, Gwendolyn L; Sun, Hongmei

2014-05-01

216

Geothermal development in Australia  

SciTech Connect

In Australia, natural hot springs and hot artesian bores have been developed for recreational and therapeutic purposes. A district heating system at Portland, in the Otway Basin of western Victoria, has provided uninterrupted service for 12 Sears without significant problems, is servicing a building area of 18 990 m{sup 2}, and has prospects of expansion to manufacturing uses. A geothermal well has provided hot water for paper manufacture at Traralgon, in the Gippsland Basin of eastern Victoria. Power production from hot water aquifers was tested at Mulka in South Australia, and is undergoing a four-year production trial at Birdsville in Queensland. An important Hot Dry Rock resource has been confirmed in the Cooper Basin. It has been proposed to build an HDR experimental facility to test power production from deep conductive resources in the Sydney Basin near Muswellbrook.

Burns, K.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Creelman, R.A. [Creelman (R.A.) and Associates, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Buckingham, N.W. [Glenelg Shire Council, Portland, VIC (Australia); Harrington, H.J. [Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)]|[Sydney Univ., NSW (Australia)

1995-03-01

217

Understanding Sydney as a Global City  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an ascendant academic argument that key economic processes are increasingly built at the scale of the city and, in turn, that successful urban economies are increasingly detached from their traditional hinterlands. Cities, in this city-centric global economy, are argued to be immersed in and driven by globalised networks and connections. The process of a city becoming global, then,

Dick Bryan; Pauline McGuirk; Frank Stilwell

218

Have the short-term mortality effects of particulate matter air pollution changed in Australia over the period 1993-2007?  

PubMed

The author investigates whether the mortality effect of particulate matter air pollution (PM10) has changed in Australia over the period 1993-2007. This period corresponds to an era of increasing Government intervention aimed at improving air quality and, as a result, a potential decrease in the toxicity of PM10. Evidence is found that the mortality effect of PM10 has declined in both Brisbane and Sydney. For Sydney we estimate that the effects of PM10 on total and cardiovascular mortality are, respectively, decreasing at the rate of 10% and 13% annually. We speculate that one possible reason for this decline could be a reduction in the toxicity of PM10. A difference between this study and a similar United States study is that PM10 concentrations have not been declining in Australia. This means that the observed decline in the mortality effect of PM10 is not an artefact of a declining PM10 concentration. PMID:23892067

Roberts, Steven

2013-11-01

219

Impact of urban development on aquatic macroinvertebrates in south eastern Australia: degradation of in-stream habitats and comparison with non-urban streams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internationally, waterways within urban areas are subject to broad-scale environmental impairment from urban land uses. In\\u000a this study, we used in-stream macroinvertebrates as surrogates to measure the aquatic health of urban streams in the established\\u000a suburbs of northern Sydney, in temperate south eastern Australia. We compared these with samples collected from streams flowing\\u000a in adjacent naturally vegetated catchments. Macroinvertebrates were

Peter J. DaviesIan; Ian A. Wright; Sophia J. Findlay; Olof J. Jonasson; Shelley Burgin

2010-01-01

220

Effects of organochlorines on the ultrastructure of the liver of the damselfish Parma microlepis from reefs in New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parma?microlepis (Günther) were collected from Malabar, an urban location close to the centre of Sydney, Australia, and from Jervis Bay, a\\u000a reference location 170?km south of the city centre. At each location, fish were collected from two sites separated by 100\\u000a to 200?m. The ultrastructure of normal liver tissue is described based on 20 female fish collected from Jervis Bay,

K. A. Tricklebank

2000-01-01

221

Time spent playing outdoors after school and its relationship with independent mobility: a cross-sectional survey of children aged 10–12 years in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Time spent outdoors is positively associated with physical activity and has been suggested as a proxy for physical activity of children. The role of children's independence in physical activity and time spent outdoors is less understood. This study aimed to assess how much time children spent playing outdoors after school, and to explore the relationship between outdoor play and

Li Ming Wen; James Kite; Dafna Merom; Chris Rissel

2009-01-01

222

The Future of Interpreting & Translation: Keeping in Touch with a Changing World. Proceedings of the Conference (University of Western Sydney, Macarthur, New South Wales, Australia, April 1, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from a conference on translating and interpreting include: "Babel and the Brain" (Philip Grundy); "Simultaneous Interpreting: Its Role in International Conferences" (Yvonne Hu); "The Past, Present and Future of Legal Interpreting/Translating in NSW" (Ludmilla Robinson); "What's In a Name?" (Terry Chesher); "Interpreting and Advocacy" (Colin…

Saunders, George, Ed.; Ginori, Luciano, Comp.

223

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

224

Research in Science Education. Volume 12. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australian Science Education Research Association (13th, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, May 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a selection of science education research papers, beginning with an overview of trends in science education cognitive developmental research and theory in the United Kingdom. Papers that follow focus on developments in studies of thinking and reasoning, including work on concept mapping and conceptual change. Closely…

Rattray-Wood, Laurie, Ed.; Ferguson, Peter, Ed.

1982-01-01

225

Drug use and risk behaviours among injecting drug users: a comparison between sex workers and non-sex workers in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background This paper examines the differences in demographics, drug use patterns and self reported risk behaviours between regular injecting drug users (IDU) who report engaging in sex work for money or drugs and regular injecting drug users who do not. Methods Cross sectional data collected from regular IDU interviewed as part of the New South Wales (NSW) Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) in 2003 were analysed. Results IDU who reported engaging in sex work were more likely to be female, and identify as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander descent. They initiated injecting drug use at a significantly younger age and were more likely to report injection related problems than IDU who had not engaged in sex work. There were no differences in the drug classes used, but findings suggested that the sex workers tended to be more frequent users of crystalline methamphetamine (ice) and benzodiazepines. Conclusion The similarities between these groups were more striking than the differences. Further research, examining a larger sample is needed to clarify whether injecting drug users who are sex workers have heavier use patterns.

Roxburgh, Amanda; Degenhardt, Louisa; Breen, Courtney

2005-01-01

226

The use of vintage surficial sediment data and sedimentary cores to determine past and future trends in estuarine metal contamination (Sydney estuary, Australia).  

PubMed

The objectives of the present investigation were to determine past trends in sediment contamination and possibly predict future trends. Multiple vintages of surficial sediment metal data, from a quasi-decadal 'Status and Trends' programme, were used to provide large-scale spatial information on current status and temporal change. This information was augmented by sediment cores, specifically located to verify surface sediment data and to determine trends at major points of stormwater discharge. The data obtained indicate that surficial sediment metal concentrations have declined, since about the early 1990s, in extensive parts of the upper and central estuaries and have increased slightly in the lower estuary, due mainly to a down-estuary shift in industry and urbanisation. Declining surficial sediment metal concentrations is due to a movement of industry out of the catchment, especially from foreshore areas and the introduction of regulation, which prevent pollutants being discharged directly to the estuary. The major present-day source of metals is stormwater, with minor inputs from the main estuary channel into embayments and runoff from previously contaminated mainland sites. Modelled relaxation rates are optimistic as high metal concentrations in stormwater will slow predicted rates. Stormwater remediation should be the main managerial focus for this estuary. Multiple vintages of surficial sediment metal data covering the past 30 years, supplemented by sedimentary core data, have allowed past and future contamination trends to be determined. This type of science-based information provides an important tool for strategic management of this iconic waterway. PMID:23570910

Birch, G F; Chang, C-H; Lee, J-H; Churchill, L J

2013-06-01

227

A short history of veterinary education in Australia: the 120-year transition from education for a trade to education for a profession.  

PubMed

World Veterinary Year in 2011 celebrates the 250th anniversary of the establishment of the first modern veterinary school at Lyon in France. To put veterinary education in Australia in its historical context, the veterinary school at Lyon was established nine years before the British had discovered the east coast of Australia in 1770, and 27 years before a shipment of convicts transported from overcrowded gaols in England had arrived in Sydney in 1788. This paper discusses the development of veterinary education in Australia from that time to the present day. PMID:24635629

Caple, I W

2011-08-01

228

Early Pulsar Observations in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The news about the discovery of the pulsar CP1919 reached Australia soon after the Hewish et al. publication in Nature came out at the end of February 1968. Immediately the Parkes radio telescope was transferred from scheduled observations to observe this new exciting object. Since pulsars have steep spectra, low radio frequency receivers were needed that were not supported by the Radiophysics Division of the CSIRO. As a result I, a staff member of the School of Electrical Engineering, Sydney University, was asked to come with my low-frequency receivers to Parkes and join in the first observations. Later the Molonglo Mills Cross radio telescope showed its suitability to pulsar discoveries and became involved in a number of important discoveries. New additional equipment aimed for the reception of pulsating signals had to be constructed in a hurry. In my talk I will cover the period 1968 to 1970 when I left Sydney for the Max-Planck-Institute in Bonn with its 100-m radio telescope.

Wielebinski, R.

2012-12-01

229

Fog and rainwater composition in rural SE Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study of fog and rainwater quality was conducted in order to ascertain whether pollutants from the Wollongong-Sydney-Newcastle industrial region of Australia can be transported to the north, thereby affecting precipitation chemistry. Precipitation samples from two different sites were analyzed for cations, sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and ammonium, as well as for the anions of chloride, nitrate, sulfate, methanesulfonate, formate, and acetate, and for pH and conductivity. Fog and rainwater at both sites are not polluted; acidity is only slightly greater than background, and concentrations of anthropogenic pollutants are very low. Sea-salt accounts for most of the ionic loading.

Post, David; Bridgman, Howard A.; Ayers, G. P.

1991-07-01

230

National Site Classification Map for Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historic earthquakes have demonstrated that the properties of geological materials beneath a site have a major influence on the amplitude and frequency content of ground shaking. Consideration of site conditions is therefore an important part of seismic hazard and risk assessment. This study presents a national scale site classification for Australia, for use in regional scale seismic hazard and risk assessment. Site classes are assigned based on the methodology developed by Wills et al. (2000) for California, which uses the relationship between rock type and the shear wave velocity of the upper 30 m (Vs30). The application of this methodology to Australia is tested successfully using bore hole data from a variety of Quaternary sedimentary sequences in the Newcastle, Sydney and Perth urban areas. Adjustments to the classification scheme are suggested to better account for the deep cover of highly weathered Mesozoic (and older) regolith found in the generally stable continental setting.

Hall, L. S.; McPherson, A. A.

2005-12-01

231

Effects of backpacking holidays in Australia on alcohol, tobacco and drug use of UK residents  

PubMed Central

Background Whilst alcohol and drug use among young people is known to escalate during short holidays and working breaks in international nightlife resorts, little empirical data are available on the impact of longer backpacking holidays on substance use. Here we examine changes in alcohol, tobacco and drug use when UK residents go backpacking in Australia. Methods Matched information on alcohol and drug use in Australia and the UK was collected through a cross sectional cohort study of 1008 UK nationals aged 18–35 years, holidaying in Sydney or Cairns, Australia, during 2005. Results The use of alcohol and other drugs by UK backpackers visiting Australia was common with use of illicit drugs being substantially higher than in peers of the same age in their home country. Individuals showed a significant increase in frequency of alcohol consumption in Australia compared to their behaviour in the UK with the proportion drinking five or more times per week rising from 20.7% (UK) to 40.3% (Australia). Relatively few individuals were recruited into drug use in Australia (3.0%, cannabis; 2.7% ecstasy; 0.7%, methamphetamine). However, over half of the sample (55.0%) used at least one illicit drug when backpacking. Risk factors for illicit drug use while backpacking were being regular club goers, being male, Sydney based, travelling without a partner or spouse, having been in Australia more than four weeks, Australia being the only destination on their vacation and drinking or smoking five or more days a week. Conclusion As countries actively seek to attract more international backpacker tourists, interventions must be developed that target this population's risk behaviours. Developing messages on drunkenness and other drug use specifically for backpackers could help minimise their health risks directly (e.g. adverse drug reactions) and indirectly (e.g. accidents and violence) as well as negative impacts on the host country.

Bellis, Mark A; Hughes, Karen E; Dillon, Paul; Copeland, Jan; Gates, Peter

2007-01-01

232

Seismic microzonation in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the 1980s seismic microzonation studies have been undertaken in Australia to assess the likely effects of earthquakes on urban centres built on unconsolidated sediments. Presently the Nakamura method is used for processing data. So far parts of Perth, Adelaide, Cairns, Gladstone, Rockhampton, Newcastle, Sydney and Launceston have been zoned. The Launceston, Tasmania, study was the pilot study for many of these as it refined the methodology used and the data obtained were incorporated into a GIS database. Building heights and site factor zoning maps were produced for the Launceston City Council. One of the major activities, of the new initiative by the Australian Geological Survey Organisation (AGSO), popularly known as the 'Cities Project', is coordinating seismic microzonation throughout Australia. Microzonation data have been included in AGSO's geohazards GIS database. This is helping local councils zone land for seismic hazards. State Emergency Services use the information to plan for emergencies resulting from the effects of earthquakes. These practical applications of seismic microzonation data will help mitigate the destructive effects of any future large earthquakes occurring near major urban centres. In the Launceston case it was found that there is a variable risk dependant on epicentral distance and the nature of relatively unconsolidated sediments in various parts of the city. Disastrous amplification could occur at some sites.

Jensen, Vagn H.

2000-02-01

233

Geology of principal Australia coals and coal basins: a review  

SciTech Connect

Bituminous or subbituminous coals are known from nearly all parts of Australia. Those of greatest economic importance today are found in the Permian and Triassic Bowen and Galilee basins of Queensland and the Sydney-Bowen basin of New South Wales, with some coalfields of lesser significance in the Clarence-Moreton basin in Queensland and New South Wales. Structural, sedimentary, and paleobiologic features of the coal-bearing strata and regional trends of various coal characteristics of some of the principal economic or geologically interesting basins and coals are reviewed and illustrated. These include the Hail Creek syncline, Goonyella, Peak Downs, German Creek, Blackwater, Baralaba, Tolmeis and Moura Mines of the Bowen basin. In New South Wales these include the Hunter Valley area Singleton Coal Measures represented by the Foyebrook-Liddell Seam and Ravensworth mines; the Newcastle area; the Ulan Seam of the Goulburn Valley area; the western shelf area and Sydney-Wollongong region represented by the Illawarra (Permian) Coal Measures which are overlain by the thick Triassic Narrabean Series, Hawksbury Sandstone, and Wianamatta Group. A paleobiologic analysis of the thick brown coal sequences in the Yallourn, Latrobe Valley, and Bacchus Marsh areas of Victoria, and the significance of tectonics in the development of these great coal swamps will be reviewed.

Cross, A.T.

1983-09-01

234

Helicopter medical retrieval in Sydney, New South Wales.  

PubMed

Undoubtedly the main attraction of this job is the interest of never knowing what will happen next! Primary response to an MVA allows one to experience the atmosphere and deal with clinical situations in an alien setting. This broadens ones perspective and has taught me never to be tempted to criticise a paramedic bringing a patient into a resus room. The same is true of interhospital transfers where tact and diplomacy can be tested as well as clinical skills. On the negative side the unpredictability can be difficult domestically (a primary at 17555 means you will be at least two hours late home) and there can be long and dull days when nothing happens. A lot of time is spent transporting post arrest patients from one hospital to another to find an ICU bed. In military medicine it is difficult to envisage a future conflict when severely injured casualties would not require transport both locally and over long distances. This job provides an ideal opportunity to become confident with transporting critically ill patients. PMID:11346929

Mellor, A J

2000-01-01

235

Development of stable isotope mixing models in ecology - Sydney  

EPA Science Inventory

More than 40 years ago, stable isotope analysis methods used in geochemistry began to be applied to ecological studies. One common application is using mathematical mixing models to sort out the proportional contributions of various sources to a mixture. Examples include contri...

236

Groundwater and Contaminant Transport Modelling at the Sydney Tar Ponds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Muggah Creek estuary has accumulated contaminants from 100 years of iron, steel and coke manufacturing in its contributing watershed. The estuary, locally known as the Tar Ponds, contains sediments contaminated with PAHs and PCBs. A program of groundwater modelling was aimed at estimating current contaminant fluxes to the estuary and site streams, via groundwater. The conceptual model developed for

Mark King

237

A SETI Course at University of Western Sydney Macarthur.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course based on the scientific approach to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Explores the biological and technological aspects of the search and the social implications of possible contact. (Author/CCM)

Bhathal, Ragbir

1999-01-01

238

Racing strategy in rowing during Sydney Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

W1x M1x W2- M2- W2x M2x M4- LW2x LM2x LM4- W4x M4x W8+ M8+ Gold Time (min:sec) 7:12 6:32 6:53 6:14 6:38 6:02 5:44 6:46 6:11 5:48 6:06 5:34 5:54 5:20 Both boat speed and its ratio to GT are obviously different in wining crews and in slower ones. Therefore, ratio of boat speed at each 500 m to average

Valery Kleshnev

239

Research and Development in Higher Education. Volume 5. Papers Presented at the Annual Conference of the Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia (8th, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, May 7-10, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues and solutions in teaching and learning in higher education are addressed in 28 papers and 6 workshop reports from a 1982 conference of the Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia. Papers are grouped under the major categories of staff development, course evaluation, teaching and learning, and microcomputers in…

Dunn, Ian R., Ed.

240

Analysis of Motions and Loads on a Catamaran Vessel in Waves. International Conference on Fast Sea Transportation, FAST'97 (4th). Held in Sydney Australia on July 21-23, 1997. Conference Papers. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A 3D Rankine panel method has been designed to calculate the steady and unsteady velocity potential around a twin hull vessel. Recently, model tests have been performed with a catamaran vessel in head waves. Results from these model experiments will be pr...

R. van 't Veer

1997-01-01

241

Best Practices for the Collection of Longline Data to Facilitate Research and Analysis to Reduce Bycatch of Protected Species. Report of a workshop held at the International Fisheries Observer Conference Sydney, Australia, November 8, 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Workshops focusing specifically on the reduction of sea turtle, marine mammal, and seabird incidental catch (i.e., bycatch) in longline fisheries have recommended the need for standardized data collection procedures employed by fisheries observers onboard...

K. S. Dietrich K. S. Rivera T. A. Conant V. R. Cornish

2007-01-01

242

STROLL YOUR WAY TO WELL-BEING: A SURVEY OF THE PERCEIVED BENEFITS, BARRIERS, COMMUNITY SUPPORT, AND STIGMA ASSOCIATED WITH PRAM WALKING GROUPS DESIGNED FOR NEW MOTHERS, SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our survey of 500 mothers with children 0-5 years involving telephone interviews (n = 450) and focus groups (n = 50), we showed that 87% of mothers telephone surveyed used a pram for incidental activities, whilst 47% used the pram specifically for exercise. Factors preventing mothers exercising more included poor weather, lack of time, and poor quality paths. Ninety-two

Janet L. Currie; Elizabeth Develin

2002-01-01

243

Communications Policy and Research Forum University of Technology Sydney, Australia, 25-26 September 2006 Community business: The uses and requirements for internet services in remote Indigenous communities in South Australian and the Northern Territory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the findings of a research project commissioned by the Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, to examine patterns of usage of phone and internet services in remote Indigenous communities. The scant official and academic data paints a bleak picture of current or recent use of information technology by Indigenous communities. Our research in a

Franco Papandrea; Kerry McCallum

244

Movement of a tritium plume in shallow groundwater at a legacy low-level radioactive waste disposal site in eastern Australia.  

PubMed

Between 1960 and 1968 low-level radioactive waste was buried in a series of shallow trenches near the Lucas Heights facility, south of Sydney, Australia. Groundwater monitoring carried out since the mid 1970s indicates that with the exception of tritium, no radioactivity above typical background levels has been detected outside the immediate vicinity of the trenches. The maximum tritium level detected in ground water was 390 kBq/L and the median value was 5400 Bq/L, decay corrected to the time of disposal. Since 1968, a plume of tritiated water has migrated from the disposal trenches and extends at least 100 m from the source area. Tritium in rainfall is negligible, however leachate from an adjacent and fill represents a significant additional tritium source. Study data indicate variation in concentration levels and plume distribution in response to wet and dry climatic periods and have been used to determine pathways for tritium migration through the subsurface. PMID:20573429

Hughes, C E; Cendón, D I; Harrison, J J; Hankin, S I; Johansen, M P; Payne, T E; Vine, M; Collins, R N; Hoffmann, E L; Loosz, T

2011-10-01

245

Space Radar Image of Canberra, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Australia's capital city, Canberra, is shown in the center of this spaceborne radar image. Images like this can help urban planners assess land use patterns. Heavily developed areas appear in bright patchwork patterns of orange, yellow and blue. Dense vegetation appears bright green, while cleared areas appear in dark blue or black. Located in southeastern Australia, the site of Canberra was selected as the capital in 1901 as a geographic compromise between Sydney and Melbourne. Design and construction of the city began in 1908 under the supervision of American architect Walter Burley-Griffin. Lake Burley-Griffin is located above and to the left of the center of the image. The bright pink area is the Parliament House. The city streets, lined with government buildings, radiate like spokes from the Parliament House. The bright purple cross in the lower left corner of the image is a reflection from one of the large dish-shaped radio antennas at the Tidbinbilla, Canberra Deep Space Network Communication Complex, operated jointly by NASA and the Australian Space Office. This image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) on April 10, 1994, onboard the space shuttle Endeavour. The image is 28 kilometers by 25 kilometers (17 miles by 15 miles) and is centered at 35.35 degrees south latitude, 149.17 degrees east longitude. North is toward the upper left. The colors are assigned to different radar frequencies and polarizations as follows: red is L-band, horizontally transmitted and received; green is L-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received; and blue is C-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian, and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Office of Mission to Planet Earth.

1994-01-01

246

14 CFR 217.10 - Instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are also required. Data are not required on the homeland to homeland markets, or the homelandâthird country markets. QFâQantas Airways (Australia) SYDâSydney, Australia BNEâBrisbane, Australia CNSâCairns, Australia...

2009-01-01

247

14 CFR 217.10 - Instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are also required. Data are not required on the homeland to homeland markets, or the homelandâthird country markets. QFâQantas Airways (Australia) SYDâSydney, Australia BNEâBrisbane, Australia CNSâCairns, Australia...

2010-01-01

248

Toxinology in Australia's colonial era: a chronology and perspective of human envenomation in 19th century Australia.  

PubMed

The medical management of those envenomed by snakes, spiders and poisonous fish in Australia featured extensively in the writings 19th century doctors, expeditioners and anthropologists. Against the background of this introduced medical doctrine there already existed an extensive tradition of Aboriginal medical lore; techniques of heat treatment, suction, incision and the application of plant-derived pharmacological substances featured extensively in the management of envenomed victims. The application of a hair-string or grass-string ligature, suctioning of the bite-site and incision were practised in a variety of combinations. Such evolved independently of and pre-dated such practices, which were promoted extensively by immigrant European doctors in the late 19th century. Pacific scientific toxinology began in the 17th century with Don Diego de Prado y Tovar's 1606 account of ciguatera. By the end of the 19th century more than 30 papers and books had defined the natural history of Australian elapid poisoning. The medical management of snakebite in Australia was the focus of great controversy from 1860 to 1900. Dogmatic claims of the supposed antidote efficacy of intravenous ammonia by Professor G.B. Halford, and that of strychnine by Dr. Augustus Mueller, claimed mainstream medical attention. This era of potential iatrogenic disaster and dogma was brought to a conclusion by the objective experiments of Joseph Lauterer and Thomas Lane Bancroft in 1890 in Brisbane; and by those of C.J. Martin (from 1893) and Frank Tidswell (from 1898), both of Sydney. The modern era of Australian toxinology developed as a direct consequence of Calmette's discovery, in Paris in 1894, of immune serum, which was protective against snakebite. We review the key contributors and discoveries of toxinology in colonial Australia. PMID:16996551

Pearn, John; Winkel, Kenneth D

2006-12-01

249

New species of Mycosphaerella from Myrtaceae in plantations and native forests in eastern Australia.  

PubMed

The majority of Mycosphaerella species from eucalypts (Eucalyptus, Corymbia and Angophora) in Australia have been recorded only from trees growing in plantations. This illustrates a bias in research in the past two decades toward commercial enterprise, and it emphasises a lack of understanding of the occurrence of these important fungi under natural conditions. Surveys of foliar fungi in native forests in eastern Australia, as well as adjacent plantations, thus have been initiated in recent years. In this study we describe four new species of Mycosphaerella from Eucalyptus spp. as well as other Myrtaceae. Mycosphaerella tumulosa sp. nov. (anamorph: Pseudocercospora sp.) was found on more than seven species of Eucalyptus and Corymbia in native forests and plantations in northeastern New South Wales and southeastern Queensland and appears to be relatively common, although not damaging to these trees. Mycosphaerella multiseptata sp. nov. was recorded from several locations on species of Angophora in native forests and amenity plantings. Mycosphaerella pseudovespa sp. nov. was found in one location in native forest on E. biturbinata. The first species of Mycosphaerella to be described from Syncarpia, M. syncarpiae sp. nov., was found in native forests in numerous locations from Sydney through to northeastern New South Wales and appears to be relatively common. PMID:17883038

Carnegie, Angus J; Burgess, Treena I; Beilharz, Vyrna; Wingfield, Michael J

2007-01-01

250

Multiple postorogenic denudation events: An example from the eastern Lachlan fold belt, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fission-track results from 40 surface samples from the eastern part of the Lachlan fold belt, Australia, suggest that two distinct episodes of rapid kilometre-scale denudation have occurred since the middle Carboniferous, when deformation within the fold belt is believed to have ceased. The first episode, during the Early Triassic, was possibly in response to the Hunter-Bowen orogeny, which affected the New England fold belt and the Sydney-Bowen basin, but the effects of which have previously not been recognized within the Lachlan fold belt. The second episode occurred during the middle Cretaceous, possibly in response to the onset of continental extension in the Tasman Sea ca. 96 Ma. Uplift at this time resulted in kilometre-scale denudation over much of the southeastern highlands of Australia and may have been caused by underplating inward of the rift. These results indicate that the Lachlan fold belt has remained tectonically active long after the last recognized deformational event in the region, and highlight the importance of fission-track data in elucidating the posttectonic histories of orogens previously undetected due to a lack of stratigraphic and structural crosscutting relationships.

O'Sullivan, Paul B.; Foster, David A.; Kohn, Barry P.; Gleadow, Andrew J. W.

1996-06-01

251

The Possibility of Cosmopolitan Learning: Reflecting on Future Directions for Diversity Teacher Education in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is situated in the re-visioning ethos that has been part of the genealogy of multicultural education. In the context of teacher education, the authors ask: where to now? In this paper, they reflect on their design and delivery of a new undergraduate unit offered by the School of Education, University of Western Sydney. The unit…

Reid, Carol; Sriprakash, Arathi

2012-01-01

252

Trends and Changes in Home Language Use and Shift in Australia, 1986-1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes responses to 1996 Australian census regarding language use and compares them with those in the two previous censuses. Discusses divergent trends in different states and between two largest cities, Sydney and Melbourne. Comparison of language-shift rates between the three censuses and cross-tabulations with generation, age, gender, family…

Kipp, Sandra; Clyne, Michael

1997-01-01

253

MISR Stereo Imagery of Blue Mountain Fires in New South Wales, Australia  

... channels and the Ba (45.6° aft) camera is shown in the red channel. The images have been rotated clockwise so that north is to the ... is toward the top. The anaglyph can be viewed with standard red/blue 3D glasses with the red lens over the left eye. Sydney itself is ...

2013-12-17

254

Struan Sutherland--Doyen of envenomation in Australia.  

PubMed

Struan Sutherland (1936-2002) was the doyen of medical research in the field of envenomation and the ultimate authority on the medical management of envenomated victims in Australia for almost 3 decades. In 1981 as Head of Immunology Research of Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (CSL), he produced an antivenom against the Sydney Funnel-web Spider (Atrax robustus)-an accomplishment that had defied numerous previous attempts. Struan also invented the pressure-immobilisation technique of first-aid for snake bite. This ingenious, simple but safe and effective technique revolutionised first-aid management of snake bite and of some other types of envenomation. It made redundant the use of tourniquets and other dangerous first-aid treatments. Similarly, he helped to develop a snake venom detection kit, which enables doctors working at a victim's bedside to ascertain which snake was responsible and which antivenom should be administered. He had a very wide range of research interests and was a prodigious researcher publishing over 200 scientific and medical articles, numerous chapters in books and the standard Australian medical textbook on the management of envenomation, Australian Animal Toxins. He made major contributions to the understanding of the venoms of Australia's remarkable range of fauna including snakes, spiders, Blue-ringed octopus, ants, jellyfish and stinging fish. Struan served the medical fraternity and the public selflessly. He was always available to doctors, or to anybody, to give advice at any hour of the day or night, on management of envenomated victims. Members of the Australian Venom Research Unit, which he founded in 1994 at The University of Melbourne, now continue this 24-h advisory service. PMID:16920170

Tibballs, James

2006-12-01

255

Combining a Climatic Niche Model of an Invasive Fungus with Its Host Species Distributions to Identify Risks to Natural Assets: Puccinia psidii Sensu Lato in Australia  

PubMed Central

Puccinia psidii sensu lato (s.l.) is an invasive rust fungus threatening a wide range of plant species in the family Myrtaceae. Originating from Central and South America, it has invaded mainland USA and Hawai'i, parts of Asia and Australia. We used CLIMEX to develop a semi-mechanistic global climatic niche model based on new data on the distribution and biology of P. psidii s.l. The model was validated using independent distribution data from recently invaded areas in Australia, China and Japan. We combined this model with distribution data of its potential Myrtaceae host plant species present in Australia to identify areas and ecosystems most at risk. Myrtaceaeous species richness, threatened Myrtaceae and eucalypt plantations within the climatically suitable envelope for P. psidii s.l in Australia were mapped. Globally the model identifies climatically suitable areas for P. psidii s.l. throughout the wet tropics and sub-tropics where moist conditions with moderate temperatures prevail, and also into some cool regions with a mild Mediterranean climate. In Australia, the map of species richness of Myrtaceae within the P. psidii s.l. climatic envelope shows areas where epidemics are hypothetically more likely to be frequent and severe. These hotspots for epidemics are along the eastern coast of New South Wales, including the Sydney Basin, in the Brisbane and Cairns areas in Queensland, and in the coastal region from the south of Bunbury to Esperance in Western Australia. This new climatic niche model for P. psidii s.l. indicates a higher degree of cold tolerance; and hence a potential range that extends into higher altitudes and latitudes than has been indicated previously. The methods demonstrated here provide some insight into the impacts an invasive species might have within its climatically suited range, and can help inform biosecurity policies regarding the management of its spread and protection of valued threatened assets.

Kriticos, Darren J.; Morin, Louise; Leriche, Agathe; Anderson, Robert C.; Caley, Peter

2013-01-01

256

Field evaluation of repellent formulations against daytime and nighttime biting mosquitoes in a tropical rainforest in northern Australia.  

PubMed

Field trials to compare repellent formulations containing either picaridin or deet against rainforest mosquitoes in northern Queensland, Australia, were conducted. Three repellents were compared at night: 9.3% picaridin and 19.2% picaridin (Autan Repel and Autan Repel Army 20, respectively, Bayer, Sydney, Australia) and 35% deet in a gel (Australian Defense Force [ADF]). During the day, the following three repellents were compared: 19.2% picaridin, 20% deet in a controlled release formulation (Sawyer Controlled Release Deet), and 33% deet in a polymer formulation (U.S. Army Extended Duration Topical Insect and Arthropod Repellent [EDTIAR]). The predominant mosquito species collected was Verrallina lineata (Taylor), with smaller numbers of Ochlerotatus kochi (Donitz), Anopheles farauti s.s. Laveran, Ochlerotatus notoscriptus (Skuse), and Coquilletidia xanthogaster (Edwards). In nighttime tests, 19.2% picaridin provided >94.7% protection for at least 9 h, and ADF deet provided >95% protection for 7 h. The 9.3% picaridin formulation provided >95% protection for only 2 h, and provided 60% protection at 9 h. In daytime tests, Sawyer 20% deet provided >95% protection for 6 h, and both 19.2% picaridin and U.S. Army EDTIAR provided >95% protection for 8 h. In both nighttime and daytime tests 19.2% picaridin provided similar or better protection than deet formulations. PMID:12061453

Frances, S P; Van Dung, Nguye; Beebe, N W; Debboun, Mustapha

2002-05-01

257

Abortion techniques in Australia: a history.  

PubMed

This is an historical survey of the abortion practices in Australia in the early 20th century. The evidence presented in the article is gathered from reports and documents, articles in medical journals, and information obtained at interviews. The estimated figures for induced abortion are 1/8 live births in 1904, 1/5 live birth in 1937, and 1/4 live births in 1970. Drugs inducing abortion were easily available by the 1890s; they usually were euphemistically advertised to correct irregularities, that is, to bring on a late period, thus enabling vendors to escape prosecution by law. Many of the prescriptions were simple purgatives, such as oil of savin, croton oil, aloe, or they caused contractions of the blood vessels or of the uterus, as did ergot of rye. The contents of the abortion inducing drugs were rarely stated and often misrepresented. In many cases abortion was a secondary effect of the woman poisoning her body with large quantities of drugs; women were also instructed to take hot mustard baths, to jump off tables, and to conduct other physical violence against themselves. Many women tried mechnical methods when chemical methods failed; they included insertion into the uterus of knitting needles, crochet hooks, laminaria and sponge tents. Women who could find the money went to an abortionist; in the 1890s there were an estimated 100-300 abortionists in the city of Sydney. The methods employed went from the use of laminaria tents, to insertion of a catheter, or forcing of fluids into the uterus. Septic infection, peritonitis, blood poisoning, and also uterine perforation were common complications noted in women being admitted to hospitals following abortion. Retention of the placenta was another common complication. After 1904 more restrictive laws reduced the availability of abortifacient drugs and also of contraceptives such as condoms and pessaries; the cost of an illegal abortion skyrocketed to 25 pounds. The result was that more women attempted to procure an abortion by themselves, and that morbidity and mortality rates increased. As recently as 1960 women were procuring abortions by the same means as in the 1890s with the same results and complications; the only advantage being the fact that they could be properly treated once they reached the hospital after attempting the abortion. There are still many restrictions placed on the availability of abortion in Australia; some abortion services, such as those in South Wales, interpret the law very freely. A survey conducted by the Preterm Foundation in 1976 found that 7.6% of its clients had attempted abortion before presenting at the clinic. PMID:12263459

Bird, J

1981-04-01

258

Frequency and clinical, neuropsychological and neuroimaging correlates of apathy following stroke – the Sydney Stroke Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The frequency and clinical, neuropsychological and neuroimaging correlates of apathy in patients who have had a stroke are inadequately defined. Method. A total of 167 consecutive patients admitted to the stroke units of two university hospitals after an ischaemic stroke and 109 controls received extensive medical, psychiatric and neuro- psychological assessments ; a subset received a magnetic resonance imaging

HENRY BRODATY; PERMINDER S. SACHDEV; ADRIENNE WITHALL; ANNETTE ALTENDORF; MICHAEL J. VALENZUELA; LISA LORENTZ

2005-01-01

259

Newspaper Coverage of Women's Sports during the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games: Belgium, Denmark, France, and Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In general, women are well represented among sport participants and sport audiences but not in the media. Data show that women's sport is greatly under-reported and trivialized in newspapers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure press coverage during the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in the largest circulating Belgian, Danish, French,…

Capranica, Laura; Minganti, Carlo; Billat, Veronique; Hanghoj, Signe; Piacentini, Maria Francesca; Cumps, Elke; Meeusen, Romain

2005-01-01

260

Evaluation of the MindMatters Buddy Support Scheme in Southwest Sydney: Strategies, Achievements and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Assessing the strategies, achievements and challenges of implementing MindMatters and the views of partner schools towards the buddy support scheme. Design: The MindMatters buddy support scheme (2007-2008) was designed to increase the capacity of secondary schools to adopt a whole-school approach to improving health and well-being of…

Khan, Raquiba J.; Bedford, Karen; Williams, Mandy

2012-01-01

261

A standardized mouse model of Helicobacter pylori infection: Introducing the Sydney strain  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Currently available Helicobacter pylori models show variable and, in some instances, poor colonization. There is a need for a strain with high colonizing ability to act as a standard for animal studies. METHODS: After screening a range of fresh clinical isolates and long-term adaptation in mice, a strain of H. pylon has been isolated with a very

A Lee; J O'Rourke; MC De Ungria; B Robertson; G Daskalopoulos; MF Dixon

1997-01-01

262

The Spectrums of Mean Sea Level at Sydney, Coff's Harbour, and Lord Howe Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

Daily mean sea levels for the period July 1957 to December 1958 were first ad- justed to correspond to a fixed value of atmospheric pressure. The spectrums and cross spec- trums, coherences and phase differences of the adjusted sea' levels were computed for periods between 2 and 60 days. Spectrums of atmospheric pressure were also computed. The atmospheric pressure spectrums

B. V. Hamon

1962-01-01

263

Sydney Memory and Ageing Study: an epidemiological cohort study of brain ageing and dementia.  

PubMed

Non-demented community-dwelling older adults aged 70-90 years (n = 1,037) randomly recruited from the electoral roll completed neuropsychological and medical assessments over six years. The overall prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) at baseline was 36.7%. Risk factors for MCI include APOE ?4 allele carrier status, high homocysteine, heart disease, poor odour identification, low visual acuity and low mental activity, but notable age and sex differences were observed. Neuropsychiatric symptoms were rare; depression was the most common and was associated with cognitive impairment in at least one domain as well as subsequent dementia 2 years later. Poorer cognitively demanding functional abilities were associated with cognitive impairment. Biomarkers for cognitive impairment and decline were identified. Inflammatory markers and plasma apolipoprotein levels were associated with poorer performance in the attention/processing speed domain. Measures of white matter lesions, white matter integrity, sulcal morphology and tractography were identified as novel biomarkers of early cognitive decline. Stronger deactivation in the posteromedial cortex with increasing memory load on functional MRI predicted future decline. Compared to previous reports, our prevalence rates of MCI were higher but rates of progression to dementia and reversion to normal were similar, as were risk factors for progression to dementia. PMID:24423224

Tsang, Ruby S M; Sachdev, Perminder S; Reppermund, Simone; Kochan, Nicole A; Kang, Kristan; Crawford, John; Wen, Wei; Draper, Brian; Trollor, Julian N; Slavin, Melissa J; Mather, Karen A; Assareh, Arezoo; Seeher, Katrin M; Brodaty, Henry

2013-12-01

264

Enhanced surveillance of acute hepatitis B in south-eastern Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatitis B is a notifi able condition in all Australian states and territories. Medical practitioners and health facilities are required to report episodes of acute disease, while laboratories must notify on posi- tive serological results. In New South Wales laboratories are required to report only the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Without clinical information, laboratory reporting of HBsAg

Roslyn G Poulos; Mark J Ferson

265

Human tumor stem cells, the petri dish and the patient. A tribute to Sydney E. Salmon.  

PubMed

During the last ten years, much work has been devoted to the concept of tumor stem cells, a concept first introduced by Virchow in 1855. Despite the importance and the quality of these works, they ignore the major step forward made by SE Salmon and his group from the University ofArizona atTucson, USA, during the seventies'. The purpose of this review is to (i) contribute to the original work of SE Salmon as a pioneer in the field of cancer stem cell research (ii) emphasize the importance of his contribution in this field of research and (iii) underline the other fields of his research, especially in the domain of mathematical oncology. Finally, we would like to show that SE Salmon made Multiple Myeloma a model in Oncology, many study groups being engaged into Myeloma research now in the world. PMID:22043602

Bataille, R; Drouin, E

2011-06-01

266

Real Estate Agency Practice and Profitability: An Analysis of House Sales and Agency Profitability in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large cities provide a broad range of residential property types, as well as a range of socio-economic locations. This results in a significant variation in residential property prices across both the city itself and the individual suburbs. The only constant across such a diverse range of residential property is the need for the majority of residential property owners to employ

Chris Eves

267

Chronic pain-related disability and use of analgesia and health services in a Sydney community  

Microsoft Academic Search

with high levels of pain-related disability in 129\\/439 (27%). Nominated causes of chronic pain were injury in 173 (38%), most commonly sports injury (54; 13%), and a health problem in 132 (29%). Pain was work-related in 62 (14%). A musculoskeletal condition was the leading diagnosis (127; 26%). Of the 474 with chronic pain, 374 (78%) had consulted at least one

Fiona M Blyth; Lyn M March; Michael J Cousins

268

Student Engagement at Two Single-Sex Colleges: Hampden-Sydney and Sweet Briar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1960s the higher educational system in the United States has steadily lost its single-sex colleges; and as of 2008 only 51 women's and four men's institutions remain (National Center for Educational Statistics, 2008). Many of the previous single-sex schools have admitted members of the opposite sex, giving in to the national trend of…

Simms, Edith L.

2010-01-01

269

Detailed Analysis of the Travel Patterns of Rail Users in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rail is a critical transport mode for travel in large cities, especially for journeys to and from the CBD. Analysis of travel surveys commonly report aggregate statistics such as mode shares by purpose. These aggregate statistics provide an overview of the level of rail usage, however much more detailed analysis is needed to answer questions such as: • Do the

Min Xu; Frank Milthorpe; Karen Tsang

2011-01-01

270

Biochemical and haematological changes in Sydney's the Sun City-to-Surf fun runners.  

PubMed

Before this study was undertaken, biochemical and haematological changes in collapsed fun runners have been interpreted only by comparison with changes observed in trained marathon runners, or by comparison with normal subjects. This study was undertaken to establish the pattern of biochemical and haematological changes to be expected in non-collapsed fun runners as a result of competition, and to use this pattern as the basis for comparison with changes observed in collapsed fun runners after similar competition. Forty-three fun runners (28 males, 15 females) who competed in the 1978 City-to-Surf run volunteered as non-collapsed "controls", while 10 runners (nine males, one female) who collapsed during the 1978 City-to-Surf run became "casualties" for comparison. Blood for detailed analysis was collected from the controls two weeks before the 1978 City-to-Surf run, immediately after the run and one month later; blood from the casualties was collected immediately after the run, and one month later. As a result of competition, three patterns of changes were observed, namely, haemoconcentration; tissue damage and altered organ system function; and alteration in carbohydrate metabolism. More intense tissue damage probably accounts for disproportionate changes of some variables in male controls compared with female controls, and in casualties compared with controls. Casualties differed most from controls in degree fo depression of serum bicarbonate levels, and degree of elevation of blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, uric acid and bilirubin levels. A wide scatter of blood sugar levels immediately after run both in controls and in casualties reflects the stress of prolonged exertion. PMID:522770

Richards, D; Richards, R; Schofield, P J; Ross, V

1979-11-01

271

Equity and Local Participation in VET: Some Preliminary Findings in Sydney Postcodes. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More attention should be given to the local dimension of equity research. A question that must be asked is to what extent there is an unequal distribution of opportunities to participate in vocational education and training (VET) that is mirrored by area of residence in both urban and rural localities. Questions must also be asked about the extent…

McIntyre, John

272

The geological setting and palaeoenvironmental and palaeoecological reconstructions of the Upper Permian insect beds at Belmont, New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The entomofauna of the Tatarian insect beds within the Newcastle Coal Measures at Belmont, north of Sydney, was described many years ago. A new collection contains some undescribed species, particularly beetles; a new exposure of the fossiliferous deposits is now documented. The Newcastle Coal Measures consist of sandstones, conglomerates, shales, coal and tuffs, which were deposited in the Hunter Trough.

Robert Beattie

2007-01-01

273

Bad blood: The contamination of Australia's blood supply and the emergence of gay activism in the age of AIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite subsequent revisions in the public's understanding of blood screening, HIV and homosexuality, the echo of these early charges remains. The Sydney gay community in particular is still frequently criticised by lawyers, the media, and people with medically-acquired HIV, for persuading the BTS to adopt 'soft' and inadequate measures to secure the blood supply. This article contends that the circumstances

Paul Sendziuk

2001-01-01

274

Atmospheric transport modelling of time resolved 133Xe emissions from the isotope production facility ANSTO, Australia.  

PubMed

The verification of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) relies amongst other things on the continuous and worldwide monitoring of radioxenon. The characterization of the existing and legitimate background, which is produced mainly by nuclear power plants and isotope production facilities, is of high interest to improve the capabilities of the monitoring network. However, the emissions from legitimate sources can usually only be estimated. For this paper historic source terms of (133)Xe emissions from the isotope production facility at ANSTO, Sydney, Australia, have been made available in a daily resolution. Based on these high resolution data, different source term sets with weekly, monthly and yearly time resolution have been compiled. These different sets are then applied together with atmospheric transport modelling (ATM) to predict the concentration time series at two radioxenon monitoring stations. The results are compared with each other in order to examine the improvement of the prediction capability depending on the used time resolution of the most dominant source term in the region. PMID:23917155

Schöppner, M; Plastino, W; Hermanspahn, N; Hoffmann, E; Kalinowski, M; Orr, B; Tinker, R

2013-12-01

275

The multipurpose time-of-flight neutron reflectometer “Platypus” at Australia's OPAL reactor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this manuscript we describe the major components of the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer at the 20 MW OPAL reactor in Sydney, Australia. Platypus is a multipurpose spectrometer for the characterisation of solid thin films, materials adsorbed at the solid-liquid interface and free-liquid surfaces. It also has the capacity to study magnetic thin films using spin-polarised neutrons. Platypus utilises a white neutron beam ( ?=2-20 Å) that is pulsed using boron-coated disc chopper pairs; thus providing the capacity to tailor the wavelength resolution of the pulses to suit the system under investigation. Supermirror optical components are used to focus, deflect or spin-polarise the broad bandwidth neutron beams, and typical incident spectra are presented for each configuration. A series of neutron reflectivity datasets are presented, indicating the quality and flexibility of this spectrometer. Minimum reflectivity values of <10 -7 are observed; while maximum thickness values of 325 nm have been measured for single-component films and 483 nm for a multilayer system. Off-specular measurements have also been made to investigate in-plane features as opposed to those normal to the sample surface. Finally, the first published studies conducted using the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer are presented.

James, M.; Nelson, A.; Holt, S. A.; Saerbeck, T.; Hamilton, W. A.; Klose, F.

2011-03-01

276

Surface elevation dynamics in a regenerating mangrove forest at Homebush Bay, Australia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Following the dieback of an interior portion of a mangrove forest at Homebush Bay, Australia, surface elevation tables and feldspar marker horizons were installed in the impacted, intermediate and control forest to measure vertical accretion, elevation change, and shallow subsidence. The objectives of the study were to determine current vertical accretion and elevation change rates as a guide to understanding mangrove dieback, ascertain the factors controlling surface elevation change, and investigate the sustainability of the mangrove forest under estimated sea-level rise conditions. The study demonstrates that the influences on surface dynamics are more complex than soil accretion and soil autocompaction alone. During strong vegetative regrowth in the impacted forest, surface elevation increase exceeded vertical accretion apparently as a result of belowground biomass production. In addition, surface elevation in all forest zones was correlated with total monthly rainfall during a severe El Ni?o event, highlighting the importance of rainfall to groundwater recharge and surface elevation. Surface elevation increase for all zones exceeded the 85-year sea level trend for Sydney Harbour. Since mean sea-level also decreased during the El Ni?o event, the decrease in surface elevation did not translate to an increase in inundation frequency or influence the sustainability of the mangrove forest. These findings indicate that subsurface soil processes such as organic matter accumulation and groundwater flux can significantly influence mangrove surface elevation, and contribute to the long-term sustainability of mangrove systems under a scenario of rising sea levels.

Rogers, K.; Saintilan, N.; Cahoon, D.

2005-01-01

277

Genetic Connectivity among Populations of an Endangered Snake Species from Southeastern Australia (Hoplocephalus bungaroides, Elapidae)  

PubMed Central

For endangered species that persist as apparently isolated populations within a previously more extensive range, the degree of genetic exchange between those populations is critical to conservation and management. A lack of gene flow can exacerbate impacts of threatening processes and delay or prevent colonization of sites after local extirpation. The broad-headed snake, Hoplocephalus bungaroides, is a small venomous species restricted to a handful of disjunct reserves near Sydney, Australia. Mark-recapture studies have indicated low vagility for this ambush predator, suggesting that gene flow also may be low. However, our analyses of 11 microsatellite loci from 163 snakes collected in Morton National Park, from six sites within a 10-km diameter, suggest relatively high rates of gene flow among sites. Most populations exchange genes with each other, with one large population serving as a source area and smaller populations apparently acting as sinks. About half of the juvenile snakes, for which we could reliably infer parentage, were collected from populations other than those in which we collected their putative parents. As expected from the snakes’ reliance on rocky outcrops during cooler months of the year, most gene flow appears to be along sandstone plateaux rather than across the densely forested valleys that separate plateaux. The unexpectedly high rates of gene flow on a landscape scale are encouraging for future conservation of this endangered taxon. For example, wildlife managers could conserve broad-headed snakes by restoring habitats near extant source populations in areas predicted to be least affected by future climate change.

Dubey, Sylvain; Sumner, Joanna; Pike, David A; Keogh, J Scott; Webb, Jonathan K; Shine, Richard

2011-01-01

278

Permian U-Pb (CA-TIMS) zircon ages from Australia and China: Constraining the time scale of environmental and biotic change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In eastern Australia, the interconnected Bowen and Sydney Basins are filled with terrestrial sediments of late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic age. These sedimentary units record significant evolutionary events of eastern Gondwana during the time interval between two major mass extinctions (end Middle Permian and Permian-Triassic), and also provide lithological evidence for the Carboniferous-Permian Late Paleozoic Ice Age of southern Pangea, considered to be divisible into up to seven discrete glaciation events in Australia [e.g., 1]. These glaciations are currently assigned ages that indicate that the last of the glaciations predate the end Middle Permian mass extinction at ca. 260 Ma. However, the estimates for the time and durations are largely based on biostratigraphy and lithostratigraphy that, in the absence of robust and precise radioisotopic ages, are unacceptably fragile for providing an accurate high-resolution framework. Interbedded with the sediments are numerous tuff layers that contain zircon, many of which are associated with extensive coal measures in the Sydney and Bowen Basins. Published SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages [2, 3] have been shown to be less precise and inaccurate when compared to ages applying the CA-TIMS method to the same horizons. Also within the late Middle Permian, the eruption of the Emeishan flood basalts in SW China has been proposed to have caused the end Middle Permian mass extinction [e.g., 4], though a causal link between these events demands a rigorous test that can only be provided by high-resolution geochronology. We present new U-Pb (CA-TIMS) zircon ages on tuff layers from the Sydney and Bowen Basins, with the purpose of generating a timescale for the Upper Permian of Australia to allow correlation with different parts of the world. Initial results, with permil precision, date a tuff layer within the uppermost Bandanna Fm. to ca. 252 Ma, a tuff within the Moranbah Coal Measures to ca. 256 Ma, and a tuff within the Ingelara Fm. to ca. 257 Ma, the latter two units lying stratigraphically below the latest identified glacial deposits. U-Pb (CA-TIMS) results on zircons from the Emeishan flood basalts and related volcanic products confirm the end-Guadalupian age (ca. 260 Ma) of the magmatism, and based on present data, place the Emeishan volcanic event (and its possibly associated mass extinction) within the occurrence of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age. This study’s primary goal is the establishment of a chronostratigraphic framework that would allow the integration of calibrated records from both terrestrial and marine units from different parts of the world in order to constrain the timing and rates of extinctions and recoveries in different locations and physical environments. [1] Fielding et al. (2008), J. Geol Soc. Lon., v. 165, pp. 129-140 [2] Michaelsen et al. (2001), Aus. J. Earth Sci., v. 48, pp. 183-192 [3] Roberts et al. (1996), Aus. J. Earth Sci., v. 43, pp. 401-421 [4] He et al. (2007), EPSL, v. 255, pp. 306-323

Denyszyn, S. W.; Mundil, R.; Metcalfe, I.; He, B.

2010-12-01

279

How Do Pre-Service Teachers Cope with a Literacy Intervention Program in a Remote Indigenous Community? The Community Action Support Program in the Northern Territory, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines a new community education initiative, Community Action Support (CAS) that helps facilitate learning in Indigenous young people from Tennant Creek in the Northern Territory. CAS is an innovative partnership program between the Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation and the University of Western Sydney. The core aim of the…

Naidoo, Loshini

2012-01-01

280

This is author version published as: Delahaye, Brian L. and Choy, Sarojni C. (2007) Using work integrated learning for management development: Some key elements for success. In Proceedings 21st ANZAM Conference, Sydney, Australia. Copyright 2007 (please consult author) Using work integrated learning for management development: Some key elements for success  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the use of work integrated learning as a means of developing managers and instituting strategically directed change in an organisation. A brief description of the case study organisation and the design of the organisation centred curriculum based on a learning cohort are provided. Eight key elements of the design are then identified and discussed. These elements include

Brian L. Delahaye

281

Fear, complacency and the spectacle of risk: the making of HIV as a public concern in Australia.  

PubMed

This article explores how HIV is constituted as a matter of public concern in Australia, where - unlike much of the rest of the world - there is a continuing low incidence of heterosexual transmission. In this context, it is timely to explore how the media contributes to the ongoing mobilization of public interest in HIV, and how heterosexual audiences are brought into focus as the imagined ;publics' of mainstream debates on HIV. This article identifies three approaches to generating public concern in HIV news stories published in The Sydney Morning Herald between 2000 and 2005 as well as in academic media analysis and HIV education and advocacy. Reflections on fear revisit the early years of the epidemic, distinguishing a generation of Australian audiences shaped by the Grim Reaper campaign. Encounters with complacency focus on an apparently widespread lack of concern about HIV in the present. And projections in risk forecast a multiplication of HIV risk environments, despite confusion about who should be personally concerned about those risks. Together they construct Australian publics as passive, vulnerable, unaware and potentially uncaring, yet do little to engage the mainstream as more than spectators of public concern about HIV. PMID:19103713

Newman, Christy; Persson, Asha

2009-01-01

282

Reviews and notices  

Microsoft Academic Search

AUSTRALIA — A GEOGRAPHY edited by D. N. Jeans. 19 by 25 cm, vii and 571 pages, text figures, plates. Sydney University Press, Sydney 1977 (ISBN 0 424 00036 9) A$20 limpBRISBANE AT THE CENSUS, 1971: A SOCIAL ATLAS by G. T. McDonald et al. 40 by 30 cm, 116 pages, text figures, tables. Cities Commission, Canberra 1976 (ISBN 0642

J. M. Powell; C. L. Keys; Clive Forster; I. H. Burnley; Craig Duncan; A. Shepherd; Peter Phibbs; D. N. Jeans; R. T. Jackson; John Forster; John Langdale; Morgan Sant; B. B. Hewitt; Sol Encel; Peter J. Rimmer; David Lea; A. J. Parsons; Robert K. Murfet

1979-01-01

283

Schooling Responses to Youth Crime: Building Emotional Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study into schooling responses to youth crime in south-western Sydney, Australia. The project was a partnership between the New South Wales Department of Education and Training and the University of Western Sydney's School of Education. Specifically, the paper analyses interviews with school leaders who were interested in…

Reid, Carol

2009-01-01

284

Gay men in Australia who do not have HIV test results.  

PubMed

Whereas most gay men in Australia know their HIV test result, a consistent minority do not. From Gay Community Periodic Surveys (n=6831) conducted during 1998 in the 5 largest cities, those who did not have HIV test results (13.3% overall) comprised 10.0% in Sydney, 15.7% in Melbourne, 13.6% in Brisbane, 15.2% in Perth and 14.0% in Adelaide, representing a significant difference between cities (P < 0.001). Gay men who did not have HIV test results differed from those who did in several ways. They were on average younger (31 vs 35 years, P<0.001) and less likely to be in professional occupations (P<0.001). They were less likely to identify themselves as 'gay' (P<0.001), spent less time with other gay men (P<0.001) and had fewer gay friends (P<0.001). They had sex with fewer different men 'in the previous 6 months' (P<0.001) and were more likely to be in a monogamous relationship or without sexual partners at the time of the survey (P<0.001). With respect to both regular and casual partners, they were more likely (P<0.001) to have 'no such partner'/'no anal intercourse' rather than 'anal intercourse' (either always protected or sometimes unprotected). These differences between gay men who did and did not have HIV test results were confirmed in a logistic regression (apart from 'amount of free time spent with gay men' and 'relationship status' which were accounted for by closely correlated variables in the reduced logistic model). Social and sexual environment appears to exert an influence on HIV testing rather than sexual risk per se. PMID:10919488

Van de Ven, P; Prestage, G; Knox, S; Kippax, S

2000-07-01

285

Treatment for substance abuse in Australia: a comparison of public and private programs.  

PubMed

Alcohol and drug abuse is a major problem in Australia and caused over 4000 deaths in 1998 alone. The national policy for reducing the harmful consequences of drug and alcohol use focuses on decreasing the production and supply of drugs, reducing the demand for drugs including a focus on abstinence in treatment, and minimizing the harm to individuals and communities. This research examines substance abuse treatment in Australia, and identifies similarities and differences in funding, philosophy, purpose, and strategies between public and private treatment programs. Interviews of 21 treatment program directors in Sydney and Melbourne were done, using a valid and reliable semi-structured interview guide. Nine public, not-for-profit programs primarily focused on consultation to medical providers, detoxification, outpatient counseling, and harm minimization including methadone treatment and needle exchange. Rehabilitation, prevention, and/or research were objectives of a limited number. Twelve private, non-governmental programs primarily provided abstinence-based treatment in a variety of settings. Some for-profit programs, funded by insurance, provided three to four weeks inpatient care, usually with outpatient follow-up. Not-for-profit programs provided residential treatment in a therapeutic community over a period of 6 months to 2 years. Still others (both profit and not-for-profit) provided methadone treatment or outpatient treatment. Four were church related and six received funding through government contracts, social security illness benefits, and housing assistance. The general lack of structured rehabilitation programs seemed to be the greatest weakness of the Australian public programs. A low percentage of patients completing detoxification entered counseling, and studies were not available to show the outcomes of detoxification without follow-up. The availability of consultations to hospitals and health care practitioners seemed to be an excellent advantage, but the lack of structured SAT beyond detoxification may have minimized that advantage. Nurses were involved in a variety of roles in Australia, and six of the program directors or managers we interviewed were nurses. Nurses were usually in clinical roles or management roles, rather than counseling roles. PMID:14533233

McNeese-Smith, Donna K

2003-09-01

286

Modelling persistence in annual Australia point rainfall  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Annual rainfall time series for Sydney from 1859 to 1999 is analysed. Clear evidence of nonstationarity is presented, but substantial evidence for persistence or hidden states is more elusive. A test of the hypothesis that a hidden state Markov model reduces to a mixture distribution is presented. There is strong evidence of a correlation between the annual rainfall and climate indices. Strong evidence of persistence of one of these indices, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), is presented together with a demonstration that this is better modelled by fractional differencing than by a hidden state Markov model. It is shown that conditioning the logarithm of rainfall on PDO, the Southern Oscillation index (SOI), and their interaction provides realistic simulation of rainfall that matches observed statistics. Similar simulation models are presented for Brisbane, Melbourne and Perth.

Whiting, Julian P.; Lambert, Martin F.; Metcalfe, Andrew V.

287

ICSN 2010  

Cancer.gov

International Cancer Screening Network 2010 June 23?25, 2010 | Oxford, United Kingdom PARTICIPANT LIST AUSTRALIA John Boyages, Ph.D., FRANZCR Executive Director Westmead Hospital Radiation Oncologist P.O. Box 143 Westmead Sydney, New South Wales 2145

288

A Random Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of papers presented at the 25th International Geological Congress held August 16-25, 1976, Sydney, Australia. Topics include precambrian geology, tectonics, biostratigraphy, geochemistry, quaternary geology, engineering geology, planetology, geological education, and stress environments. (SL)

Cochran, Wendell

1976-01-01

289

Department of Medical Entomology: Bedbugs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Sydney and Westmead Hospital, Australia offers a quick introduction to the bedbug in this Web site. Information includes the natural history of bedbugs, clinical presentation, laboratory diagnosis, and treatment and control of them.

2007-10-11

290

Notre Dame collaborates to establish new Palliative Care Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus has joined with The University of New South Wales (UNSW) to help establish a multidisciplinary academic centre in palliative care.\\u000aThis recently launched facility, the Cunningham Centre, will also be supported by St Vincents and Mater Health Sydney (SV&MHS) and the NSW Cancer Institute.\\u000aIt will be based at the Sacred Heart

Moira Saunders

2008-01-01

291

Integron Gene Cassettes and Degradation of Compounds Associated with Industrial Waste: The Case of the Sydney Tar Ponds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrons are genetic platforms that accelerate lateral gene transfer (LGT) among bacteria. They were first detected on plasmids bearing single and multiple drug resistance determinants in human pathogens, and it is abundantly clear that integrons have played a major role in the evolution of this public health menace. Similar genetic elements can be found in nonpathogenic environmental bacteria and in

Jeremy E. Koenig; Christine Sharp; Marlena Dlutek; Bruce Curtis; Michael Joss; Yan Boucher; W. Ford Doolittle; Ching-Hong Yang

2009-01-01

292

The Wild Life of Pesticides: urban agriculture, institutional responsibility, and the future of biodiversity in Sydney's Hawkesbury-Nepean River  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural chemicals are a notoriously intractable source of environmental pollution. Offering enhanced agricultural productivity, they simultaneously risk degrading the ecological basis upon which agriculture depends. This paper considers chemicalisation as a cause of the erosion of aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem resilience, focusing on the Hawkesbury-Nepean River and the small-scale horticulturalists who supply the city's fresh vegetable markets, working under the

Roel Plant; Jeremy Walker; Scott Rayburg; Jacqueline Gothe; Teresa Leung

2012-01-01

293

‘Shades of grey’: spaces in and beyond trafficking for Thai Women involved in commercial sexual labour in Sydney and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I explore the migration trajectories of some Thai women trafficked internationally for commercial sexual exploitation, suggesting that many figuratively ‘cross the border’ between coerced and consensual existence in volatile migrant sex industries during the course of their migration experiences, thus complicating debates around the notion of choice in ‘sex’ trafficking. In exploring these women's transitions I seek

Sallie Yea

2012-01-01

294

‘Shades of grey’: spaces in and beyond trafficking for Thai Women involved in commercial sexual labour in Sydney and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I explore the migration trajectories of some Thai women trafficked internationally for commercial sexual exploitation, suggesting that many figuratively ‘cross the border’ between coerced and consensual existence in volatile migrant sex industries during the course of their migration experiences, thus complicating debates around the notion of choice in ‘sex’ trafficking. In exploring these women's transitions I seek

Sallie Yea

2011-01-01

295

‘Crystal meth’ use among polydrug users in Sydney's dance party subculture: characteristics, use patterns and associated harms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To examine the characteristics of a small sample of crystal methamphetamine users (‘crystal meth’), and their history of crystal meth and other drug use; to assess the extent and context of crystal meth use; and to document the perceived psychological and physical side effects of use. Method: A sample of 45 persons reporting the use of crystal methamphetamine was

Louisa Degenhardt; Libby Topp

2003-01-01

296

The Relationship Between Updated Sydney System Score and LDL Cholesterol Levels in Patients Infected with Helicobacter pylori  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives\\u000a Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) chronically infects the human stomach and may cause extra-gastrointestinal diseases. The role of H. pylori in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and its effect on lipids remains controversial. The aim of this study was to examine\\u000a lipid levels in patients with and without H. pylori infection. Methods A total of 244 consecutive patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy were included in

Metin Kucukazman; Bunyamin Yavuz; Muhammed Sacikara; Zeliha Asilturk; Naim Ata; Derun Taner Ertugrul; Ahmet Arif Yalcin; Ezgi Coskun Yenigun; Guler Kizilca; Heyecan Okten; Kadir Okhan Akin; Yasar Nazligul

2009-01-01

297

Children's Reasons for Joining Sport Clubs and Staying in Them: A Case Study of a Sydney Soccer Club  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on youth sport within the sport coaching and physical education literature has tended to overlook the nature of experience and the meanings that sport holds in the lives of children and young people. This paper makes a contribution toward redressing this imbalance by reporting on a close-focus case study on children's reasons for joining…

Light, Richard; Curry, Christina

2009-01-01

298

The Effects of the Sociocultural Context on Heritage Language Literacy: Japanese-English Bilingual Children in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What factors support linguistic minority children in developing and maintaining literacy in their heritage languages (HLs)? Very few quantitative studies have explored the role of sociocultural factors, especially in the development and maintenance of HL literacy. This paper addresses this gap by examining how the sociocultural context affects…

Oriyama, Kaya

2011-01-01

299

Levels and Functions of HIV/AIDS Stigma within the Iranian Community Living in the Sydney Metropolitan Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines the levels of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related stigma among the Iranian population and the factors that contribute to the formation of stigma within the study population. Design: A quantitative research design was used in this research whereby participants completed…

Hosseinzadeh, Hassan; Hossain, Syeda Zakia; Niknami, Shamsaddin

2012-01-01

300

Hippocampal size and memory function in the ninth and tenth decades of life: the Sydney Older Persons Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to define magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) correlates of normal brain ageing, with the specific objective of investigating whether the size of the hippocampus is selectively correlated with age related memory performance in non-demented individuals in their ninth and tenth decades of life. Methods: Hippocampal size was estimated using MRI based volumetry and qualitative visual assessment in 102 community dwelling individuals aged between 81 and 94 years. Participants were evaluated on a variety of clinical and experimental instruments, including a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. All participants underwent neurological examination, an extensive medical history was obtained, and an informant confirmed details of each participant's functional ability. Results: Both visual and volumetric hippocampal measures were identified as robust predictors of memory performance, even when the influence of age related illnesses and sociodemographic variables was accounted for. When the sample was reduced to include the most cognitively healthy participants who were rated by an informant as showing no evidence of cognitive decline, the left hippocampal measures remained significant predictors of delayed retention of verbal material. Conclusions: These findings suggest that hippocampal volumes are selectively correlated with memory functioning in both normal and successful ageing.

Lye, T; Piguet, O; Grayson, D; Creasey, H; Ridley, L; Bennett, H; Broe, G

2004-01-01

301

Eight-channel video broadcast feed service using free-space optical wireless technology at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

12 Terrestrial 1550 nm WDM free-space optical communication systems have been demonstrated to provide a viable means to transport data, voice and video channels for point-to-point applications without the use of optical fiber. Key features of free-space optical transmission systems are their ability to utilize present day telecommunication components such as: laser diode transmitters, high-power optical amplifiers operating within the

Paul F. Szajowski; A. J. Rigas; J. W. Robinson; Gerald Nykolak; Bruce D. Paulson; G. E. Tourgee; James J. Auborn

2001-01-01

302

Nanotechnology, Industry Competitiveness and University Strategies: the Case of the UWS Nanotechnology Network in South-West Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

University-industry alliances have long been pursued by public funded programs hoping to boost innovation spillovers in a geographical or cognitive area of research-strength by universities. However, there is still a lack of industry-university cooperation in many fields while at the same time the benefits of universities to their regions’ knowledge intensity is firmly advocated (Acs 2004, Martinez-Fernandez & Leevers 2004,

M-Cristina Martinez-Fernandez; Kim Leevers

2006-01-01

303

What Role Can Community Contact Play in Heritage Language Literacy Development? Japanese-English Bilingual Children in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When linguistic minority parents wish to develop and maintain their children's literacy in heritage languages (HLs), what can they do to help? How and to what extent do the individual contexts of language use and background affect the development and maintenance of HL literacy, compared with the sociocultural context of community? What are the…

Oriyama, Kaya

2012-01-01

304

The effect of a culture-specific education program to promote breastfeeding among Vietnamese women in Sydney.  

PubMed

The rate of breastfeeding among immigrant Vietnamese women in Western countries is low compared to those in Vietnam. To counteract this trend, a language and culture specific education program was developed. An experimental design was used to test the effectiveness of this program. The sample consisted of 182 prenatal Vietnamese women. Data collection included questionnaires and interviews. Results suggested that the education program had significant effects on knowledge, attitudes, planned and actual behaviour towards breastfeeding. However, the effect did not sustain until 6 months postpartum. Implications for nursing practice and further research are discussed. PMID:7928125

Rossiter, J C

1994-08-01

305

Population attributable risk for chlamydia infection in a cohort of young international travellers (backpackers) and residents in Australia  

PubMed Central

Aim To estimate the population attributable risk (PAR) for Chlamydia trachomatis infection in young men and women in Sydney, Australia. Method Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the association between demographic, sexual behaviour and other potential risk factors and chlamydia positivity in young (?30?years) heterosexual international travellers (backpackers) and Australian residents attending a sexual health clinic. Point and interval estimates of PAR were calculated to quantify the proportion of chlamydia infections that can theoretically be prevented if a combination of risk factors is eliminated from a target population. Results In males, the PAR associated with inconsistent condom use in the past 3?months was 65% (95% CI 56% to 71%) in backpackers compared to 50% (95% CI 41% to 56%) in non-backpackers and the PAR associated with reporting three or more female sexual partners in the past 3?months was similar between male backpackers and non-backpackers (33% (95% CI 28% to 40%) and 36% (95% CI 32% to 41%), respectively). In females, the PAR associated with inconsistent condom use in the past 3?months was 51% (95% CI 42% to 59%) in backpackers compared to 41% (95% CI 31% to 51%) in non-backpackers, and the PAR associated with reporting three or more male sexual partners in the past 3?months was 14% (95% CI 11% to 18%) in backpackers compared to 30% (95% CI 25% to 37%) in non-backpackers. Conclusion These findings suggest that the largest number of chlamydia infections could be avoided by increasing condom use, particularly in backpackers. Reporting multiple partners was also associated with a large proportion of infections and the risk associated with this behaviour should be considered in health promotion strategies.

Guy, Rebecca; Donovan, Basil; McNulty, Anna

2011-01-01

306

Population policies in Southeast Asia and Australia: the international relevance of domestic affairs.  

PubMed

There are 2 underlying themes to this paper: national perceptions of population circumstances at home and abroad are the crucial determinants of population policies adopted, and the differences in perceptions help explain why national reactions differ to circumtances which appear similar; and population policy, though an internal matter, has international repercussions and thus can become a sensitive issue in international relations. Until recently, ASEAN countries were united with Vietnam on at least 1 issue: attitudes toward the growth and changing distribution of their populations. The objectives were slower growth through lowered fertility, resistance to immigration from abroad except in very special circumstances, resettlement of population to undeveloped areas with potential for agriculture, and slowing the growth of big cities. The Australian situation differed. As a high income nation populated primarily through immigration and set in a region of far more populous and densely settled nations, Australia's policy favored population growth and used an immigration program as a way to realize this end. Yet, even so, population growth in most postwar years was slower than that of all Southeast Asian nations. And, although immigration was encouraged, the resistance to immigration that characterized Southeast Asian countries was shared by Australia with respect to all but North Western Europeans, an "acceptable" category progressively widened by dint of curcumstances to include Eastern Europeans, then Southern Europeans, then certain Middle Eastern peoples, and finally Asians and Latin Americans. Australia shared with Southeast Asian nations the concern with big-city growth and like the Southeast Asian nations searched for appropriate policies to contain this growth and promote that of smaller cities and towns. This search stopped in the 1970s when the report of the National Population showed that accepted projections of the populations of Sydney and Melbourne had been unrealisticably high. Until 1983 Southeast Asia presented a fairly united front on population policy matters. The momentous break occurred when the Malaysian Prime Minister announced to his current 15 million people a target of 70 million for Malaysia's population and followed this up with pronatalist policies in support of this goal. The key point in the context of this paper, is to emphasize that perceptions of national self-interest have led to the adoption of widely divergent policies in neighboring Malaysia and Singapore. Singapore is offering strong financial incentives for its socioeconomically disadvantaged groups to have fewer children. Malaysia's incentives to have more people will have most impact on the disadvantaged groups. There is little difference between Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Vietnam on fertility goals, and their perceptions of the problem appear similar. Malaysian population and ethnic policies have had a number of direct effects on Australia. It was ethnic politics that determined Malaysia's hard line attitude toward Vietnamese refugees. Australia's acceptance of large numbers of Vietnamese refugees probably resulted as much from the strong pressure applied by ASEAN nations to do so as from humanitarian grounds. Another aspect of Malaysian ethnic politics which has had direct repercussions on Australia is the discrimination against non-Malay students for places in Malaysian universities. PMID:12267174

Jones, G W

1984-01-01

307

Privatizing Australia  

SciTech Connect

The sun is setting on Australia`s long tradition of state involvement in business. As part of efforts begun in the late-1980`s to stem the tide of debt rising within Australian federal and state treasuries, government-owned entities are being corporatized and privatized, and private companies are sponsoring a large share of the country`s new infrastructure projects.

Burr, M.T.

1995-07-01

308

JAS Review of books  

Microsoft Academic Search

David Hendy, Radio in the Global Age, Polity Press, Cambridge, 2000, pp 260, pb $53.90.Rob Johnson, Cash for Comment: The Seduction of Journo Culture, Pluto Press, Annandale, 2000, pp 286, pb $32.95.J Mohan Malik (ed.), Australia's Security in the 21st Century, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1999, 304 pp, $32.95.Andrew McGahan, Last Drinks, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 2000, pp 377, pb

Mick Counihan; Matthew Ricketson; Alexey D Muraviev; Carolyn van Langenberg; Cath Ellis; Brett Hutchins; Judy Skene; Christine Choo; David Walker; Philip Mendes; Daniel Oakman; Bruce Johnson; Catharine Coleborne; Robert Imre; Michael Ackland; Rick Rutjens; Debra Zott; Steve Evans; Denise Whitehouse; Deborah Gare; Janda Gooding; Richard Trembath; Philip Burgess; Paul Genoni

2001-01-01

309

A synthesis and review of the geological evidence for palaeotsunamis along the coast of southeast Australia: The evidence, issues and potential ways forward  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years the role of extreme events such as tsunamis and storms in shaping coastal evolution and change has been increasingly appreciated. Around the world, tsunami geologists are increasingly recognising the signatures of palaeotsunamis almost everywhere they look and in many cases, base their interpretations on similar evidence for Quaternary tsunamis first identified in Australia. Geological research suggests that the coast of south east Australia and others worldwide may have been impacted by palaeotsunamis many times larger than the catastrophic 2004 Indian Ocean and 2011 T?hoku events. In Australia, the debate centres on the hypothesis that the coast of south east Australia preserves evidence for repeated, large magnitude Quaternary tsunamis. If independently validated, this hypothesis has profound implications for risk. Despite the potential importance of this hypothesis, no synthesis or comprehensive review of the proposed geological evidence and chronology exists. As a result it is difficult to assess the evidence and to draw conclusions about the nature of the hazard and risk along the coast. This synthesis details the spatial distribution of reported palaeotsunami deposits along the coast of New South Wales, south east Australia and summarises the distribution of different types of sedimentary and erosional evidence. The age range of reported palaeotsunami deposits is identified and mapped before discussing 'same age' (chronologically correlated) deposits. These data are then used to draw broad conclusions about the evidence and identify future research questions to aid in the testing of the hypothesis for repeated tsunami inundation. We show that 60 sites are purported to contain evidence of tsunami inundation over 650 km of the south east Australian coast with a spatial concentration south of Sydney. Geomorphic evidence, distinctly different to that used elsewhere in global palaeotsunami studies, is reported at 54 sites, with erosional features described as the most frequent indication of inundation. Proposed tsunami deposits are evident at 44 sites, with the dominant deposit type being imbricated boulder stacks. Radiocarbon dating at 39 of the sites led to a proposition of nine events during the Quaternary, eight of which occurred during the Holocene. Interestingly, 18 sites have no chronological data associated with them. Alternative interpretations are offered at six type field sites purported to contain palaeotsunami evidence. Attention is drawn to the disjunct between historical and geological scales of tsunami inundation in the region in addition to the contrast between the scale of reported palaeotsunamis and the robust evidence of smaller events. A synthesis of research into the nature of the evidence is offered, including critiques of evidence type and mechanisms. A critical review of the chronological data is also presented, in addition to the recalibration and analysis of published radiocarbon data. The paper concludes with an outline of research questions for further work on proposed palaeotsunami sites in Australia as well as a statement about likely risk in south east Australia. It also advocates the need for caution when interpreting evidence for palaeotsunamis elsewhere around the world when those interpretations are based on signatures originally reported in south east Australia.

Courtney, Claire; Dominey-Howes, Dale; Goff, James; Chagué-Goff, Catherine; Switzer, Adam D.; McFadgen, Bruce

2012-10-01

310

RIDBC Teleschool[TM]: A Hub of Expertise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children (RIDBC) is Australia's largest independent special education provider and one of Australia's oldest charities. Founded in 1860 in Sydney, Australia, RIDBC seeks to provide high quality, innovative education and therapy to children who are deaf and hard of hearing and their families. RIDBC initially…

McCarthy, Melissa

2012-01-01

311

Seismic Imaging Results From a Decade of Rolling Array Deployments in Southeast Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last decade, twelve seismic arrays have been sequentially deployed as part of the WOMBAT experiment to cover a large area of southeast Australia at station spacings varying between 15 and 50 km. Each array typically consists of between 30 to 60 short period instruments that continuously record for between five to ten months. Early deployments used vertical component seismometers, but these were upgraded to three component in 2006. To date, a total of over 500 sites have now been occupied, resulting in a very large passive seismic dataset. A vast majority of earthquake sources detected by the arrays are teleseismic, originating from the margin of the Australian plate and beyond. Other useful sources of seismicity include local earthquakes (although not very numerous) and ambient noise generated from oceanic and atmospheric disturbances. A variety of research has been carried out with the recorded data, but the bulk of effort has been directed towards lithospheric imaging using seismic tomography. Separate teleseismic tomography studies have been published for six of the arrays, but the focus is now on joint inversion using all available datasets. A long term goal of WOMBAT is to try and constrain a detailed 3-D lithospheric model of the region by utilizing all available data, including teleseismic, local earthquake, active source (available in a few places) and ambient noise. In addition to teleseismic traveltime tomography, we have recently extended our investigations to include teleseismic receiver functions and ambient noise tomography. In the latter case, traveltime information extracted from long term cross-correlations of waveforms recorded by pairs of simultaneously recording stations has allowed detailed maps of Rayleigh wave group velocity to be constructed. These maps resolve shallow, mid and deep crustal structure, and clearly discriminate between sedimentary and hard rock regions. For example, the Sydney Basin, Gippsland Basin and Renmark Trough are all clearly revealed by low velocity anomalies. Recently, teleseismic traveltime residuals from two separate arrays (TIGGER and SETA) were combined with wide-angle data from an active source experiment to produce a 3-D P-wave model of the Tasmanian lithosphere. Synthetic reconstruction tests show that crustal velocity, Moho geometry and mantle velocity are well resolved by the overlapping datasets. One of the main results from this study is that the transition from the Precambrian West Tasmania terrane to the Phanerozoic East Tasmania terrane is clearly marked by a distinct shallowing of the Moho and increase in crustal velocity. Combined with evidence from geological mapping and rock dating, these results support the idea that the two crustal elements once formed a passive margin in the Cambrian.

Rawlinson, N.; Tkalcic, H.; Arroucau, P.

2009-12-01

312

Geoscience Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Australian Government, Geoscience Australia is an expansive website featuring the research and geospatial information the agency provides for the benefit of economic, environmental, and social communities. Visitors can obtain Australian maps for a variety of geologic datasets including the geomagnetic fields, gravity surveys, and crustal elements. The online tools provide data of recent earthquakes and sunrise and sunset times. Students and teachers can find fun, educational online activities dealing with remote sensing, minerals, and the Australian geography. Anyone interested in Australia's geologic and geographic environment from its geodesy to its marine and coastal environments will want to visit this vast website.

313

Northern Australia  

... the right image color variations show how these same scene elements reflect light differently at different angles of view. Water appears ... at the aft camera's view angle. The prominent inland water body is Lake Argyle, the largest human-made lake in Australia, which supplies ...

2013-04-16

314

Indigenous Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Indigenous Australia Website, presented in affiliation with the Australian Museum and the Australia's Cultural Network, combines two Websites -- Dreaming Online and Stories of the Dreaming (see the July 16, 1999 Scout Report) -- into one comprehensive resource. An engaging introduction to the 60,000-year-old cultural heritage of Australia's Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders, the site is divided into four main sections: Background Info, Stories of the Dreaming, For Kids, and For Teachers. The Background section provides users with a nice overview, accompanied by images, of art and dress, spiritual and family life, the relationship of indigenous peoples to the land, and their interactions with British colonists, as well as a fairly detailed timeline. Stories of the Dreaming offers short movies of people reciting the tales from their ancestors about the land, sea, and animals. These were filmed in the rugged backdrop of Australia and are available as low or high quality videos (RealPlayer) or as audio or text only. The Teachers and Kids pages supply additional resources including links, a glossary, a FAQ, and advice on teaching lessons in indigenous studies.

315

Using Comprehensive Biophysical Characterisation of Hydro-Geologic Landscapes to Constrain Surficial and Subsurface Fluid Flow and Solute Transport: An Example from Southern Rivers in Southeast Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The geology in the transect from Canberra to the east coast of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, consists of three major groups. These include the rocks of the Palaeozoic Lachlan Fold Belt, Mesozoic Sydney Basin sediments and Cainozoic sediments. The Lachlan Fold Belt lithologies, in the study area, are characterised by an intensely deformed Ordovician turbidite basement overlain by Silurian and Devonian rift successions, with siliciclastic and volcanogenic sediment fill, bimodal volcanics and associated granitic intrusions. These rocks are unconformably overlain by thick, relatively flat-lying, Permo-Triassic glacial-periglacial, fluvial and shallow marine siliciclastic sediments of the Sydney Basin. Localised areas of Cainozoic gravels cover the palaeo-landscapes developed on the older rocks, and modern fluvial and coastal processes continue to modify the landscape. Salt is concentrated in this landscape through aeolian accession, deposition from oceanic aerosols, or rarely as fossil (connate) salts. The redistribution of salts by the process of aeolian accession typically takes place when the salts are coupled with windblown dust known as parna. For south-eastern NSW, this dust originates from areas which are more arid, such as the western regions of the NSW and Victorian states. Aerosols from the ocean can be responsible for the deposition of salts up to a few hundred kilometres from their source. This process is responsible for a significant contribution of salt in the south-east of NSW, especially on the coastal plains and the eastern Southern Highlands. The presence of connate fluids is commonly associated with marine derived sediments. While many of the geological units of the Lachlan Fold Belt were marine deposits, these units have undergone up to four major folding and faulting events and many minor deformations. It is commonly believed that these units have been too intensely deformed, upthrust, eroded and flushed to allow the retention of any original salts deposited at the time of formation. In addition, many of the sedimentary units were formed in a fluvial environment and did not have associated marine salts at the time of formation. In lowland areas, where landscapes are dominated by unconsolidated sediments, salts can be deposited and redeposited as solid grains, they can crystallise in pore spaces in the sediments and they can be adsorbed onto iron oxides and clay minerals. These salts can also be dissolved and mobilised into surface and groundwater systems and move through the landscape in this manner. In upland areas, the processes of distribution, storage and mobilisation of salts are similar, however there is typically more rock outcrop and the structure of the landscape is influenced by distribution of weathering products and unconsolidated materials. To improve the understanding of the way in which salt is mobilised in different landscapes, it is important to understand the way in which water moves through the landscape, as it is the principle agent involved in the weathering of rocks to form regolith, and water mobilises salts contained in the regolith and fractured rock. Biophysical characterisation of the landscapes developed on each of these geological units allows the constraint of salt storage and distribution across these landscapes. This can be used to inform the development of conceptual models for saline fluid flow. Development of Hydro-Geologic Landscape polygons, a scaled and modified Groundwater Flow Systems approach, describes areas with like biophysical characteristics within a landscape, and hence like salt storage capacity and fluid flow parameters. Initially this work was used to characterise landscape areas for regional natural resource management (NRM) decision making, but at more detailed scale it has proven to be a useful applied tool for on-ground agricultural management and NRM at catchment and sub-catchment scale. Further, this work helps define a range of other NRM issues in addition to the storage and release of salts across the landscape. The Hydro-Geologic Landscape mo

Harvey, K.; Moore, C. L.

2009-04-01

316

Prevention of spinal cord injuries in Australia.  

PubMed

An Awareness and Prevention Team of five lecturers has been employed for 5 years funded by the Spinal Research Foundation at the Royal North Shore Hospital of Sydney, New South Wales. An evaluation of the effectiveness of the lecture programme in increasing knowledge and preventing the incidence of spinal cord injury was carried out to demonstrate the justification for continuing the Programme. This evaluation was achieved using a questionnaire designed for sample responses by school students in target age range. The questionnaires were distributed to 27 schools in five categories in order to obtain a spread of responses and a workable control group of schools which had not been visited by the Team. Results of 3823 questionnaires were tabulated and analysed by computer. The schools which had been visited by the Lecture Team showed both higher levels of knowledge on the structure of the spinal cord and effects of injury and also a more balanced attitude and awareness towards people requiring wheelchairs for mobility. PMID:3601431

Yeo, J D; Walsh, J

1987-06-01

317

Contextual profiles of young adult Ecstasy users: a multisite study  

PubMed Central

These analyses assess contextual profiles of 612 young adult Ecstasy users, 18–30 years of age, from St. Louis (USA), Miami (USA) and Sydney (Australia). Bivariate analyses revealed different contextual factors influencing Ecstasy use. Friends were the most common sources of Ecstasy at all sites and most used with friends. St. Louis and Miami use mostly occurred in residences, whereas in Sydney use was mostly at clubs, bars or restaurants. Ecstasy consumption at public places and in cars, trains or ferries was significantly higher in Miami (89% and 77%) than in St. Louis (67% and 65%) and Sydney (67% and 61%). At all sites, simultaneous use of LSD/mushroom and nitrous oxide with Ecstasy was common; concurrent amphetamines predominated in Sydney and heroin/opiates in St. Louis Contextual factors influencing Ecstasy use among young adults vary by geographic region. Their inclusion may help tailor effective prevention programs to reduce or ameliorate Ecstasy use.

Ramtekkar, Ujjwal P.; Striley, Catherine W; Cottler, Linda B

2010-01-01

318

Australian politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

David Black (ed.),The House on the Hill: A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832–1990(Perth: Parliament of Western Australia, 1991) pp.558. $n.p. ISBN 0 7309 3983 9.D.H. Borchardt,Commissions of Inquiry in Australia: A Brief Surrey(Melbourne: La Trobe University Press, 1991) pp.107. $24.95 ISBN 1 86324 011X.John Connell and Richard Howitt (eds),Mining and Indigenous Peoples in Australasia(Sydney: Sydney University Press

Ralph J. K. Chapman; David Lee; Ian Keen; Simon Fry; John Halligan; Malcolm Mackerras; Stephen Bottomley; William Maley; Andrew Norton; M. W. Jackson; Madeleine Grieve; Chris Schacht; Russell Trood; T. B. Millar; Jacinta OHagan; Robert F. Miller; Dennis Woodward; John Uhr; Andrew Parkin; Simon Duke; Michael Sullivan; Ian McAllister; Robert J. Maddox; Ralph Newmark; Robert Springborg; G. M. Dillon; Peter Shearman; Stephen R. Niblo; J. L. Richardson; Tony Mughan; W. G. McMinn; Helen Pringle; Wayne Cristaudo; David W. Lovell; Rick Kuhn; Bill Brugger; C. L. Ten; David Tucker; John Burnheim; David West; Janna Thompson

1992-01-01

319

Deciphering the crustal structure of the Tasmanides in southeastern Australia with anisotropic short-period Rayleigh wave tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Tasmanides of Australia were formed by a series of tectonic supercycles that determined the crustal - and probably the lithospheric - structure of the eastern third of the Australian continent during the Phanerozoic. In southeast Australia, the Tasmanides essentially consist of the Delamerian, Lachlan and New England orogens whose mutual boundaries are obscured by the presence of large Mesozoic to Cenozoic sedimentary basins: the Sydney Basin at the boundary separating the Lachlan and the New England orogens, and the Murray Basin at the boundary between the Delamerian and the Lachlan orogens. In this work, we exploit the ambient noise wavefield recorded by the largest transportable seismic array experiment in the southern hemisphere, which has operated in eastern Australia from 1998 to present and involves the deployment of over 700 temporary stations with an average interstation distance of about 50 km. We analyze Rayleigh wave phase dispersion curves obtained in a previous study on more than 8,200 cross-correlograms using data from 450 sites, and we perform an anisotropic tomography inversion for periods ranging from 1 to 20 s in order to account for the apparent dependence of Rayleigh wavespeeds on azimuthal propagation direction. The resulting maps allow us to identify several crustal elements in terms of lateral extent, wavespeed and anisotropy. The Archean Gawler Craton and Proterozoic Curnamona Province, as well as the Eastern and Central Subprovinces of the Lachlan Orogen, are characterized by high velocities, while the Western Subprovince of the Lachlan Orogen and the Adelaide Fold Belt exhibit lower velocities. The transition from Delamerian to Lachlan orogens is marked by a clear change from high to low velocity and a change in anisotropy pattern, especially in the northern sector of the model. In the western Lachlan subprovince, the fast direction changes from SE-NW in the South to SW-NE in the North, and follows the orientation of its boundary with the Delamerian Orogen. This suggests that the proto-Pacific margin of east Gondwana was significantly curved, in contrast with the consistently NS fast axis orientation of the eastern Lachlan Orogen that suggests a more linear margin. It also appears that crustal anisotropy in the Lachlan Orogen was not significantly affected by events that have followed its formation such as Cenozoic volcanism or the separation between Australia and Antarctica. Largely on the basis of high resolution aeromagnetic maps, several recent studies have identified the possible presence of a remnant fragment of Precambrian lithosphere - possibly originating from the break-up of Rodinia - embedded within the Lachlan Orogen. Intriguingly, our anisotropic tomography results show the fast axis of anisotropy almost mimicking the magnetic lineations which appear to wrap around a region that is now referred to as the Hay-Booligal Zone. The close correlation between the patterns of azimuthal anisotropy and lineations identified in potential field data is one of the most remarkable outcomes of this high resolution study.

Arroucau, P.; Rawlinson, N.; Young, M.; Salmon, M.

2013-12-01

320

Twenty two cases of canine neural angiostronglyosis in eastern Australia (2002-2005) and a review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Cases of canine neural angiostrongylosis (NA) with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evaluations in the peer-reviewed literature were tabulated. All cases were from Australia. A retrospective cohort of 59 dogs was contrasted with a series of 22 new cases where NA was diagnosed by the presence of both eosinophilic pleocytosis and anti-Angiostrongylus cantonensis immunloglobulins (IgG) in CSF, determined by ELISA or Western blot. Both cohorts were drawn from south east Queensland and Sydney. The retrospective cohort comprised mostly pups presented for hind limb weakness with hyperaesthesia, a mixture of upper motor neurone (UMN) and lower motor neurone (LMN) signs in the hind limbs and urinary incontinence. Signs were attributed to larval migration through peripheral nerves, nerve roots, spinal cord and brain associated with an ascending eosinophilic meningo-encephomyelitis. The contemporary cohort consisted of a mixture of pups, young adult and mature dogs, with a wider range of signs including (i) paraparesis/proprioceptive ataxia (ii) lumbar and tail base hyperaesthesia, (iii) multi-focal central nervous system dysfunction, or (iv) focal disease with neck pain, cranial neuropathy and altered mentation. Cases were seen throughout the year, most between April and July (inclusive). There was a preponderance of large breeds. Often littermates, or multiple animals from the same kennel, were affected simultaneously or sequentially. A presumptive diagnosis was based on consistent signs, proximity to rats, ingestion/chewing of slugs or snails and eosinophilic pleocytosis. NA was diagnosed by demonstrating anti-A. cantonensis IgG in CSF. Detecting anti-A. cantonensis IgG in serum was unhelpful because many normal dogs (20/21 lb dogs; 8/22 of a hospital population) had such antibodies, often at substantial titres. Most NA cases in the contemporary series (19/22) and many pups (16/38) in the retrospective cohort were managed successfully using high doses of prednisolone and opioids. Treatment often included antibiotics administered in case protozoan encephalomyelitis or translocated bacterial meningitis was present. Supportive measures included bladder care and physiotherapy. Several dogs were left with permanent neural deficits. Dogs are an important sentinel species for NA. Human cases and numerous cases in tawny frogmouths were reported from the same regions as affected dogs over the study period.

2012-01-01

321

Southern Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

South-central Australia is home to several deserts, including the Simpson Desert, whose reddish-orange sands are seen in the upper left quadrant of this Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from July 1, 2002. Several impermanent, salty, lakes stand whitely out against the arid terrain. The largest is North Lake Eyre, southwest of center. At bottom center, Spencer Gulf separates the triangular Eyre Peninsula from the Yorke Peninsula. The Gulf of St. Vincent separates Yorke Peninsula from the mainland. In Spencer Gulf, colorful blue-green swirls indicate the presence of a bloom of marine plants called phytoplankton, whose brightly colored photosynthetic pigments stain the water. Water quality in the Gulf is an ongoing problem for Australia, as irrigation projects have diverted the already small flow of freshwater that empties into the Gulf. Other problems include contamination with pesticides and agricultural and residential fertilizer. On both the Eyre Peninsula and in the Victoria Territory to the east of Spencer Gulf, dark-colored rectangles show the boundaries of parks and nature preserves where the natural, drought-tolerant vegetation thrives.

2002-01-01

322

Creating an Optimistic Future for Indigenous Research in Education: Re-Visioning Both Outcome and Process. Panel Presentation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A panel of Indigenous staff from the Koori Centre of the University of Sydney (Australia) presented challenges, issues, and opportunities facing the field of Indigenous research in education. A new paradigm for Indigenous research is emerging in Australia that recognizes the value and efficacy of Indigenous knowledge systems and that aims to…

Blanchard, Michelle; McKnight, Anthony; Lui-Chivizhe, Leah; Wray, Debbie; French, Kath; Sherwood, Juanita; Galleguillos, Sharon; Smith, Arthur

323

Story Telling: Australian Indigenous Women's Means of Health Promotion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Story-telling, an oral tradition of the indigenous peoples of Australia, was recorded on video as a vehicle for conveying health promotion messages in several urban Aboriginal (Koori) communities in Sydney, Australia. The video was made by a group of Koori women Elders and two female Aboriginal academics. The Elders integrated their personal…

Brock, Kaye; Acklin, F.; Newman, J.; Arbon, V.; Trindal, A.; Bermingham, M.; Thompson, B.

324

Taking the Initiative: Ensuring an Educational Role for Libraries in the Information Society Stream. Education and Information Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper comprises four case studies that illustrate the State Library of New South Wales' (Australia) commitment to learning. The first section describes a shared learning environment for graduate information studies students that was collaboratively developed by the State Library and the University of Technology, Sydney (Australia). The second…

Kallenberger, Nikki

325

An outbreak of cholera in Australia due to food served in flight on an international aircraft  

PubMed Central

An outbreak of cholera occurred in November 1972 among passengers on an aircraft that had flown from London to Sydney. The infection was confined to economy-class passengers and the available evidence indicates that it was due to a dish of hors d'œuvres served on the aircraft between Bahrain and Singapore. Although one person died, the infection was generally mild, and almost half of those infected were symptomless. There was a significant difference between the immunization status of persons with clinical illness and the immunization status of other passengers. Current cholera immunization appeared to play a significant role in preventing symptoms of the disease, but it did not prevent a person becoming a carrier of the organism.

Sutton, R. G. A.

1974-01-01

326

Vitamin D status is associated with sun exposure, vitamin D and calcium intake, acculturation and attitudes in immigrant East Asian women living in Sydney.  

PubMed

Known determinants of vitamin D status (measured in serum as 25(OH)Dnmol/L) are exposure to sunlight and intake of vitamin D, either from foods or vitamin supplements. Recently, low vitamin D status in East Asian Australian immigrants has been reported. Thus the aim of this study was to investigate associations with vitamin D status in East Asian Australian immigrant women. In this cross-sectional study of women (n=152 aged 18-92), 25(OH)D levels were measured from serum samples (radio-immuno assay). Demographics, sun exposure patterns, dietary intake and acculturation factors were obtained by questionnaire. In spring, 53% of the study population had serum 25(OH)D levels <50nmol/L (deficiency); whereas in summer only 19% were deficient. Associations with vitamin D deficiency were younger age, higher education, more sun protection behavior, fewer minutes of sun exposure on weekends, low vitamin D and calcium intake through foods or supplements and less acculturation to Australian lifestyle. After multivariate adjustment, those who had no intake of vitamin D supplements (OR=5.6, CI=1.4-22), less sunlight exposure on weekends (OR=2.7, CI=1.0-7.3) and lower acculturation to Australian lifestyle (OR=2.5, CI=1.0-6.3) had increased risk of being deficient in vitamin D. Thus there is a need for vitamin D education in this "at-risk" population. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled 'Vitamin D Workshop'. PMID:23262263

Brock, Kaye E; Ke, Liang; Tseng, Marilyn; Clemson, Lindy; Koo, Fung K; Jang, Haeyoung; Seibel, Markus J; Mpofu, Elias; Fraser, David R; Mason, Rebecca S

2013-07-01

327

Strategies for the municipal waste management system to take advantage of carbon trading under competing policies: The role of energy from waste in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change is a driving force behind some recent environmental legislation around the world. Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets have been set in many industrialised countries. A change in current practices of almost all greenhouse-emitting industrial sectors is unavoidable, if the set targets is to be achieved. Although, waste disposal contributes around 3% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in

Ali El Hanandeh; Abbas El-Zein

2009-01-01

328

Injuries in professional rugby leagueA three-year prospective study of the South Sydney Professional Rugby League Football Club  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this 3-year prospective study, the incidence and nature of injuries incurred by a professional rugby league football club were investigated. During the 1989, 1990, and 1991 season games, 141 injuries occurred throughout the first, second, and under-21 age teams, which resulted in players missing subsequent games.The incidence of injury was 44.9 per 1000 player- position game hours, which is

Nathan Gibbs

1993-01-01

329

Land capability series. Scale 1:100000. New South Wales Soil Conservation Service, Sydney 1982.30 maps plus explanatory notes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Soil Conservation ServICe has commenced publication of a series of 1 '100000 scale rural land capability maps of the eastern and central divisions of New South Wales. The maps, available as dyelines, correspond to the 1:100000 topographic series produced by the Division of National Mapping and the Royal Australian Survey Corps. Capability refers to the inherent, or biophysical, ability

Jack Blaker

1982-01-01

330

Correlates of psychological distress in study partners of older people with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) - the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study.  

PubMed

Objectives: Psychological effects of supporting someone with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are often overlooked. We aimed to establish correlates of psychological distress in study partners of individuals with and without nonclinical MCI.Methods: Demographic, psychosocial and health measures were obtained cross-sectionally from 714 participants (39% MCI) and study partners of a longitudinal community-based study on cognitive aging. Study partners (i.e. family members/friends) were categorized as providing support with instrumental everyday activities or not. Psychological distress was measured by the Kessler psychological distress scale. Multiple hierarchical regressions examined determinants of psychological distress within Pearlin's stress process model.Results: Psychological distress was generally low and not associated with MCI or whether study partners provided support or not. Instead, distress was greater if participants were male irrespective of study partners' sex and if study partners reported negative reactions to participants' behavioral symptoms, felt burdened by providing support and showed worse coping abilities; overall explaining 37% variance. Self-rated disability and aspects of health-related quality of life explained additional 7%.Conclusion: Objective impairment measures were not associated with distress in partners or supporters. However, study partners' appraisals of functional and behavioral symptoms were linked to increased distress even in this very mildly affected community cohort. PMID:24588692

Seeher, Katrin M; Low, Lee-Fay; Reppermund, Simone; Slavin, Melissa J; Draper, Brian M; Kang, Kristan; Kochan, Nicole A; Trollor, Julian N; Sachdev, Perminder S; Brodaty, Henry

2014-08-01

331

A strategic-level modelling tool for evaluating air quality and greenhouse gas mitigation strategies for urban road freight in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper details the development of a strategic-level modelling tool to evaluate the impacts of air quality and greenhouse gas mitigation strategies for urban freight. The model, known as STEAR-F (Strategic Tool for the Environmental Analysis of Road Freight) combines publicly available information on freight travel, fleet characteristics, and emission factors to provide estimates of total Greenhouse Gas (GHG) and

Stephen Greaves

332

Chemotaxonomy for naturally macerated tree-fern cuticles (Medullosales and Marattiales), Carboniferous Sydney and Mabou Sub-Basins, Nova Scotia, Canada  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Naturally macerated cuticles (NMC) and one synangium, representing medullosalean and marattialean tree-fern species, from two Carboniferous coalfields in Nova Scotia, Canada, are investigated. The samples were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and by pyrolysis-gas chromatograph/mass spectrometry (py-Gc/Ms) techniques in search for chemical signatures that would help in developing a chemotaxonomic classification of Carboniferous fern species, assuming genetically dependent make-up of cuticles. FTIR-derived CH2/CH3 ratios, in conjunction with contributions from carboxyl groups, demonstrated a better potential for discriminating between medullosalean genera and species than molecular signatures obtained by py-Gc/Ms. However, the latter provided better data for differentiating medullosalean from marattialean tree ferns as a group. Changes in the chemical make-up of naturally macerated cuticles due to sample preparation are discussed. ?? 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Zodrow, E. L.; Mastalerz, M.

2001-01-01

333

The Sydney Multicentre Study of Parkinson's disease: a randomised, prospective five year study comparing low dose bromocriptine with low dose levodopa-carbidopa  

Microsoft Academic Search

149 previously untreated patients with Parkinson's disease were recruited over a three year period and randomly allocated to either low dose levodopa-carbidopa (< or = 600\\/150 mg\\/day) or low dose bromocriptine (< or = 30 mg\\/day). A five year follow up is reported on the 126 patients who completed the dose titration and who have not developed features of atypical

M A Hely; J G Morris; W G Reid; D J OSullivan; P M Williamson; D Rail; G A Broe; S Margrie

1994-01-01

334

Connect, Combine, Communicate: Revitalizing the Arts in Canadian Schools. Selected Papers from the National Symposium on Arts Education (Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, August 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Symposium on Arts Education 1997 provided an opportunity for arts educators, professional artists, and representatives from government agencies to discuss common concerns and to develop strategies for strengthening the arts in Canadian schools. This collection of papers from the symposium addresses many questions about the future of…

Roberts, Brian A., Ed.

335

Cross-reactivity of Sydney funnel-web spider antivenom: neutralization of the in vitro toxicity of other Australian funnel-web ( Atrax and Hadronyche) spider venoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian funnel-web spiders are recognized as one of the most venomous spiders to humans world-wide. Funnel-web spider antivenom (FWS AV) reverses clinical effects of envenomation from the bite of Atrax robustus and a small number of related Hadronyche species. This study assessed the in vitro efficacy of FWS AV in neutralization of the effects of funnel-web spider venoms, collected from

A Graudins; D Wilson; P. F Alewood; K. W Broady; G. M Nicholson

2002-01-01

336

Notre Dame medical school leads the way in ultrasound training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medicine students from The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus will be the first in the country to learn advanced ultrasound skills in their undergraduate training.\\u000aThis has largely been made possible by the donation of a iU22 ultrasound system by leading health and well-being company, Philips Electronics Australia.\\u000aThe CEO of Philips Electronics Australia, Harry van Dyk, said

Moira Saunders

2008-01-01

337

Fabulous Facts about Australia: Australia's Distinctive Landscape  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Geoscience Australia, the national agency for geoscience research and geospatial information, this Web site is called the Fabulous Facts about Australia: Australia's Distinctive Landscape Web site. The Dimensions link on the page describes the continents coastline length; oceans and seas; continental physical extremes; the area of Australia, its states, and territories; climatic extremes; and more. The landforms link tells about the continents deserts, mountains, and waterfalls, while the maps link allows kids to zoom in and out of features, view different map themes, and print them all. The easily read descriptions and attractive photographs and illustrations make this site a great educational tool for kids of all ages.

2002-01-01

338

Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Antibodies in Residents of New South Wales, Australia, after the First Pandemic Wave in the 2009 Southern Hemisphere Winter  

PubMed Central

Background The first wave of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)2009 (pH1N1) reached New South Wales (NSW), Australia in May 2009, and led to high rates of influenza-related hospital admission of infants and young to middle-aged adults, but no increase in influenza-related or all-cause mortality. Methodology/Principal Findings To assess the population rate of pH1N1 infection in NSW residents, pH1N1-specific haemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibody prevalence was measured in specimens collected opportunistically before (2007–2008; 474 specimens) and after (August–September 2009; 1247 specimens) the 2009 winter, and before the introduction of the pH1N1 monovalent vaccine. Age- and geographically-weighted population changes in seroprevalence were calculated. HI antibodies against four recent seasonal influenza A viruses were measured to assess cross-reactions. Pre- and post-pandemic pH1N1 seroprevalences were 12.8%, and 28.4%, respectively, with an estimated overall infection rate of 15.6%. pH1N1 antibody prevalence increased significantly - 20.6% overall - in people born since 1944 (26.9% in those born between 1975 and 1997) but not in those born in or before 1944. People born before 1925 had a significantly higher pH1N1 seroprevalence than any other age-group, and against any seasonal influenza A virus. Sydney residents had a significantly greater change in prevalence of antibodies against pH1N1 than other NSW residents (19.3% vs 9.6%). Conclusions/Significance Based on increases in the pH1N1 antibody prevalence before and after the first pandemic wave, 16% of NSW residents were infected by pH1N1 in 2009; the highest infection rates (27%) were among adolescents and young adults. Past exposure to the antigenically similar influenza A/H1N1(1918) is the likely basis for a very high prevalence (49%) of prepandemic cross-reacting pH1N1 antibody and sparing from pH1N1 infection among people over 85 years. Unless pre-season vaccine uptake is high, there are likely to be at least moderate rates including some life-threatening cases of pH1N1 infection among young people during subsequent winters.

Gilbert, Gwendolyn L.; Cretikos, Michelle A.; Hueston, Linda; Doukas, George; O'Toole, Brian; Dwyer, Dominic E.

2010-01-01

339

Provenance and structural constraints of the early Permian Nambucca Block (eastern Australia), and implications for the origin of the New England oroclines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic southern New England Orogen of eastern Australia exhibits a remarkable omega-shaped orogenic curvature (orocline), but the geodynamic processes responsible for the formation of the orogenic curvatures (oroclines) are still unclear. Oroclinal bending took place during the early Permian, simultaneously with the development of rift-related sedimentary basins (Sydney, Gunnedah and Bowen basins), which bound the oroclines to the west. The Nambucca Block is part of another early Permian rift basin that is situated farther east, in the core of the oroclinal structure. We present new stratigraphic, structural and geochronological data from the Nambucca Block in an attempt to better understand its provenance, tectonic history and its role in the formation of the oroclines. Four phases of folding and associated structural fabrics are recognised in the Nambucca Block. 40Ar/39Ar age of metamorphic micas from the second deformational phase provides a minimum depositional age constraint at 275-265 Ma. This age overlaps with the timing of oroclinal bending, suggesting that the first two phases of deformation resulted from the same mechanism that formed the oroclines. Detrital zircon geochronology (U/Pb ICP-MS ages) of six samples from the Nambucca Block constrains the maximum depositional age of the sequence to 280 Ma. The sedimentary succession, though extremely polymictic, is unimodal in its sources, and is therefore interpreted to consist mainly of recycled detritus from a Devonian-Carboniferous accretionary complex. We propose a model for oroclinal bending involving three stages. The first stage, starting at about 293 Ma and including the deposition of the sequence of Nambucca (i.e. overlaps with the 280-265 Ma time constraint), was associated with formation of rift basins in an extensional backarc setting. This was followed by N-S contraction, which gave rise to second-order oroclinal structures. The third and final stage involved contractional deformation that gave rise to recumbent folds and penetrative sub-horizontal structural fabrics at 275-265 Ma and further tightened the oroclinal structure.

Shaanan, Uri; Rosenbaum, Gideon; Li, Pengfei; Vasconcelos, Paulo; Wormald, Richard

2014-05-01

340

School Libraries in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Yearbook Australia 2003 reports that in August 2001 there were 9596 schools in Australia (2003:305). It can be claimed with confidence that each of these has a library and that a member or members of the school staff have specific responsibility for its operation. That this is so is primarily an achievement of the Library Association of Australia

Nimon, Maureen

2004-01-01

341

Notre Dame to review selection method for med students  

Microsoft Academic Search

With two cohorts of graduates currently working in Western Australia, and two medical schools operating nationally (Fremantle and Sydney), The University of Notre Dame Australia’s (UNDA) Fremantle School of Medicine, has reviewed its methods for selecting medical students.\\u000aPro Vice Chancellor and Executive Dean of Medicine, Professor Julie Quinlivan explained: “It is now seven years since we developed our current

Michelle Ebbs

2010-01-01

342

The Development of a Co-Operative, Competitive, and Individualised Learning Preference Scale for Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning Preference Scale-Students (LPSS) was developed with 1,643 Sydney, Australia, pupils. Internal consistency, test-retest stability, subscale intercorrelations, and factor analysis show that the LPSS has considerable promise as a valid and reliable instrument. Results showed clear and significant sex differences in preferences for grades…

Owens, L.; Straton, R. G.

1980-01-01

343

EDITORIAL: 19th International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation (GR19), México, 4-9 July 2010 19th International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation (GR19), México City, México, 4-9 July 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

The GR19 meeting was held in México City from 6-9 July 2010. The decision to have the meeting in México was taken during the GR18 meeting in Sydney, Australia in 2007, and represented a great milestone for the scientific community working in the fields related to gravitation in México. This fact was evidenced by the commitment of the most important

Don Marolf; Daniel Sudarsky

2011-01-01

344

Cogeneration--a cost cutting opportunity?  

PubMed

In an article based on a paper presented at the Institute of Hospital Engineering Australia's (IHEA) 2008 National Conference, Glen Hadfield, manager, assets & sustainability systems, Sydney West Area Health Service, discusses the benefits of cogeneration, highlighting the experiences and conclusions gained via a number of recent projects at hospitals in New South Wales. PMID:19711665

2009-08-01

345

Factors associated with children being driven to school: implications for walk to school programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined factors associated with children being driven to school. Partici- pants were 1603 students (aged 9-11 years) and their parents from 24 public primary schools in inner western Sydney, Australia. Stu- dents recorded their modes of travel to and from school for 5 days in a student survey. Parents recorded their demographic data, their attitudes to

Li Ming Wen; Denise Fry; Chris Rissel; Helen Dirkis; Angela Balafas; Dafna Merom

2008-01-01

346

Enhancing the Transition to University by Facilitating Social and Study Networks: Results of a One-Day Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a one-day workshop developed at the University of Sydney (Australia) to facilitate social and study-related peer networks. Qualitative and quantitative analyses found that the workshops enhanced study, self-motivation, and general enjoyment of university life and were helpful in easing the transition of undergraduate students.…

Peat, Mary; Dalziel, James; Grant, Anthony M.

2000-01-01

347

Staff and Student Views of the Usefulness of Information Technology Materials within an Integrated Curriculum: Are These Educational Resources Effective in Promoting Student Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study on the perceived effectiveness of educational resources within the context of a single course in a first-year biology program at the University of Sydney (Australia). The overall study examined the dynamic state of perceptions towards these resources by the major stakeholders involved with the course (students,…

Peat, Mary; Franklin, Sue; Lewis, Alison; Sims, Rod

348

Online Self-Assessment Materials: Do These Make a Difference to Student Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the use of Web-based online self-assessment in a large first-year biology class at the University of Sydney (Australia). Discusses a more student-centered focus to aid lifelong learning; collaborative learning; suitable and timely feedback; the use of Bloom's taxonomy; and student evaluations of self-assessment modules. (LRW)

Peat, Mary

2000-01-01

349

Supporting Student Learning: The Use of Computer-Based Formative Assessment Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of a variety of computer-based assessment opportunities, both formative and summative, that are available to a large first-year biology class at the University of Sydney (Australia). Discusses online access to weekly quizzes, a mock exam, and special self-assessment modules that are beneficial to student learning.…

Peat, Mary; Franklin, Sue

2002-01-01

350

Spatial variation of copper and lead concentrations of water hyacinth plants in a wetland receiving urban run-off  

Microsoft Academic Search

Copper and lead concentrations of roots of water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms, in an urban wetland in Sydney, Australia ranged between 145 ± 15 and 1100 ± 145 ?g g?1 dry mass for lead; and between 14.7 ± 7.0 and 303 ± 108 ?g g?1 dry mass for copper, (mean ± sd, n = 6). Considerable variation at the

Peter A. Vesk; William G. Allaway

1997-01-01

351

Becoming a Japanese Language Learner, User, and Teacher: Revelations From Life History Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how Sarah Lamond, a Japanese language teacher in Sydney, Australia has juggled three of her identities: second language (L2) learner, L2 user, and L2 teacher. Data come from four interviews used to create an edited life history. These data are used to draw attention to the relationship between L2 learner and language user.…

Armour, William S.

2004-01-01

352

Information Disclosure on MySpace--the What, the Why and the Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of the first academic study of the use of a major social networking website, MySpace, by children. The study examined the degree of, and reasons for, information disclosure by children in high schools in Sydney, Australia. Social networking sites such as MySpace are a huge Internet phenomenon, some with hundreds of…

De Souza, Zaineb; Dick, Geoffrey N.

2008-01-01

353

Differentiating Low Performance of the Gifted Learner: Achieving, Underachieving, and Selective Consuming Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed to empirically verify findings from qualitative studies that showed selective consumers could be distinguished from underachievers with regard to academic self-perception and thinking style preference. Participants, gifted males from an independent secondary boys’ school in Sydney, Australia, were categorized as achieving, underachieving, or selective consuming and administered the School Attitude Assessment Survey–Revised and the Thinking Style Inventory

Stephanie D. Figg; Karen B. Rogers; John McCormick; Renae Low

2012-01-01

354

Knowledge Management: Education for Information Professionals in the Age of the Mind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of knowledge management focuses on the program for professional education for knowledge management at the University of Technology, Sydney (Australia). Considers attributes of graduates, industry trends that inform the program, the information-knowledge debate, information management, organizational culture, and learning principles and…

Todd, Ross J.; Southon, Gary

2000-01-01

355

Erection works start on largest NSW power project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Eraring power station in New South Wales is expected to be Australia's largest power station. Underground work is nearly completed, and the first components are starting to be erected and installed. Concurrently, the New South Wales Electricity Commission is reinforcing the grid near Sydney with 330 kV underground power cable. The Eraring station will have a 2640 MW capacity,

1979-01-01

356

Little evidence for an epidemic of myopia in Australian primary school children over the last 30 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Recently reported prevalences of myopia in primary school children vary greatly in different regions of the world. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors in an unselected urban population of young primary school children in eastern Sydney, Australia, between 1998 and 2004, for comparison with our previously published data gathered using the same protocols and other

Barbara M Junghans; Sheila G Crewther

2005-01-01

357

Professional Development of Teacher Educators: A Cross Border Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a collaborative project between the Faculty of Education and Social Work at the University of Sydney, Australia, and the School of Education at Can Tho University, Vietnam. The project aimed to develop a model for the professional development of teacher educators in the context of educational innovations in…

Laws, Kevin; Harbon, Lesley; Nguyen, Nam; Trinh, Lap

2009-01-01

358

Clubs and societies offer connection, collaboration and career support  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clubs and societies at The University of Notre Dame Australia's Sydney Campus are more active than ever before, with a rise in the activities arranged by organisations on Campus. This month, clubs and societies have hosted the Minister for School Education and Minister for Early Childhood and Youth, the Honorable Peter Garrett MP. Additionally, the Rural Health Organisation of

Elizabeth Fenech

2012-01-01

359

Improving psychological critical thinking in Australian university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested the psychological critical thinking attributes of students undertaking an Australian Psychology Accreditation Council (APAC) approved course. It also assessed an instructional based teaching practice designed to improve psychological critical thinking skills. The participants were 84 second year and 60 fourth year psychology students enrolled at the University of Western Sydney, Australia. Participants were tested at the beginning

John Haw

2011-01-01

360

RUI: An Innovative Hybrid Technology for the Removal and Destruction of Perchlorate from Aqueous Systems Using Polymeric Ligand Exchange Technology and a Packed Bed BioReactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This IREE research project is the beginning of a co llaboration between the PI, Dr. Steven Mylon, and Dr. David Waite, Head of the Civil and Environmental Engineering School at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. The research extends the scope of study of a current NSF grant (NSF-0553654) that seeks a novel solution to perchlorate contamination through

Steven E. Mylon; Alexander Goergen

361

Disruptive Events: Elite Education and the Discursive Production of Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the discursive production of violence in the context of educational markets. Drawing on a larger study of sexually violent incidents that occurred in an elite private boys' school in Sydney, Australia, in 2000, the paper examines disciplinary traditions and communicative practices surrounding these events. Insights from Michel…

Saltmarsh, Sue

2008-01-01

362

All in the Same Boat  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Last December's riots in Sydney's south raised once again the ongoing controversy over Australia's version of multiculturalism. The author of this article argues that 1970s multiculturalism, whatever its strengths then, needs to be revisited and revised to allow for a stronger affirmation of our common humanity. (Contains 9 endnotes.)

McKnight, David

2006-01-01

363

Lay beliefs about the preventability of major health conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beliefs about the extent to which health problems can be prevented reflect an under- standing that preventive measures can reduce adverse health events and the level of control individuals perceive that they hold over the factors that affect their health. A population survey of 1659 people conducted in 1995 in south western Sydney, Australia, found that only child drownings, tooth

Ben Smith; Elizabeth Sullivan; Adrian Bauman; Gawaine Powell-Davies; Jo Mitchell

1999-01-01

364

Adult Communication Management in Adult Vocational Education: A Contemporary Australian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the field of adult vocational education has grown significantly, this paper outlines one way that the field of communication studies has been specifically and selectively applied to the initial and continuing professional development needs of adult vocational educators at the University of Technology in Sydney Australia. The paper…

Kaye, Michael

365

A Rhodococcus species that thrives on medium saturated with liquid benzene  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bacterium isolated from a contaminated site in Sydney, Australia, utilized benzene in the liquid phase as a sole carbon source at levels toxic to other micro-organisms. The organism was a short Gram-positive rod which grew at 6% NaCI, 0-37 \\

M. L. F. Paje; B. A. Neilan; l. Couperwhite

1997-01-01

366

Enrichment of Autotrophic Anaerobic Ammonium-Oxidizing Consortia from Various Wastewaters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The option for biological nitrogen removal has recently been broadened with the description of simultaneous nitrification\\/denitrification, anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) and the concept of CANON (completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite). An autotrophic anaerobic ammonium oxidation (AAAO) consortium was successfully selected and enriched from municipal treatment plant sludges in Sydney, Australia, but not from industrial coke-oven wastewater sludges. Chemolithoautotrophic basic

S. K. Toh; R. I. Webb; N. J. Ashbolt

2002-01-01

367

Disruptive events: elite education and the discursive production of violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the discursive production of violence in the context of educational markets. Drawing on a larger study of sexually violent incidents that occurred in an elite private boys' school in Sydney, Australia, in 2000, the paper examines disciplinary traditions and communicative practices surrounding these events. Insights from Michel Foucault and Michel de Certeau inform the analysis of market?inflected

Sue Saltmarsh

2008-01-01

368

Rates of Cyber Victimization and Bullying among Male Australian Primary and High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence and nature of electronic forms of bullying (cyberbullying) was investigated among 1,530 primary and secondary school aged male students (Years 6 to 12; 9-18 years, chronologically) in Sydney and Brisbane, Australia. Findings revealed that victimization via the Internet was the most common form of cyberbullying with 11.5 percent of…

Sakellariou, Tass; Carroll, Annemaree; Houghton, Stephen

2012-01-01

369

Prediction and Reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a landmark study carried out for the New South Wales State Government in 1976 the present author analysed the economic impact of the meetings and convention industry in Australia. That report laid the foundation for the development of the Sydney Entertainment and Exhibition Centre, although it was not until some time later that purpose-built convention centres began to be

Malcolm Cooper

1999-01-01

370

Taking the Classroom into the Real World  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase in number of international tourist arrivals, the holding of the Olympic Games in Sydney in 2000, and a solid domestic tourism industry has had an effect on the meetings, incentive, convention, and exhibition (MICE) industry in Australia, worth A$7 billion in 1996\\/1997. To meet this increasing demand from the industry to train professionals for the tourism and hospitality

Justine Digance; Michael C. G. Davidson; Brian J. Gleeson

2001-01-01

371

Ceiling (attic) dust: A “museum” of contamination and potential hazard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ceiling or attic dusts provide an indirect measure of air pollution integrated over varying time periods. We undertook an investigation into the particle-size distributions and sources and exposure pathways of metals in ceiling dusts from 38 houses in the city of Sydney, Australia. The houses ranged in age from 4 to 106 years and were grouped into three settings: industrial,

Jeffrey J. Davis; Brian L. Gulson

2005-01-01

372

Exploring Adolescent Motivations for Pursuing Maths-Related Careers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents from grade 9 in Sydney Australia (N = 60) were interviewed regarding why they would or would not consider pursuing maths-related careers. Open-ended interview data explored the comprehensiveness of explanations within the Expectancy-Value framework. The Expectancy-Value model is the major motivational framework for explaining students'…

Watt, Helen M. G.

2005-01-01

373

Acceptability and effectiveness of opportunistic referral of smokers to telephone cessation advice from a nurse: a randomised trial in Australian general practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: GPs often lack time to provide intensive cessation advice for patients who smoke. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of opportunistic referral of smokers by their GP for telephone cessation counselling by a trained nurse. METHODS: Adult smokers (n = 318) attending 30 GPs in South Western Sydney, Australia were randomly allocated to usual care or referral to

Jane M Young; Seham Girgis; Tracey A Bruce; Melissa Hobbs; Jeanette E Ward

2008-01-01

374

What Do Early Childhood Educators and Parents Think Is Important about Children's Transition to School? A Comparison between Data from the City and the Bush.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1998 and 1999, the Starting School Project at the University of Western Sydney-Macarthur conducted a survey across New South Wales (Australia) of parent and teacher opinions about children's successful transition to school. Survey responses were received from 240 teachers and 243 parents of young children. Respondents were grouped according…

Dockett, Sue; Perry, Bob; Howard, Peter; Meckley, Alice

375

Heritage Language Maintenance and Japanese Identity Formation: What Role Can Schooling and Ethnic Community Contact Play?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the role of schooling and ethnic community contact in ethnolinguistic and cultural identity construction and heritage language maintenance through the surveys and narratives of three groups of Japanese-English bilingual youths and their parents in Sydney, Australia, as a part of a larger longitudinal study from childhood. The…

Oriyama, Kaya

2010-01-01

376

Making Intercultural Language Learning Visible and Assessable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While languages education (Liddicoat, 2002) is being transformed by intercultural language learning theory, there is little illustration of either how students are achieving intercultural learning or how to assess it. This article reports on a study of high school language students in Sydney, Australia. Its findings make visible student…

Moloney, Robyn; Harbon, Lesley

2010-01-01

377

Changes in clinical profile and dietary considerations after renal transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the impact of renal transplantation on body weight, dietary intake, and blood lipid, and glucose levels.Data source: Medical records kept by Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia. Assessment of dietary intake for half of the patients was made using a food frequency questionnaire at the time of the review.Study selection: The records of all patients older than

Helen J Jaggers; Margaret A Allman; Maria Chan

1996-01-01

378

An Introduction to the Third International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the highlights of the Third International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy, which was held at the Manly Pacific Hotel in Sydney, Australia from April 21-24, 2006. This symposium built on those held in Ottawa and Vancouver in 1999 and 2001 respectively and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and…

McCowan, Colin

2006-01-01

379

Tourism climatology: evaluating environmental information for decision making and business planning in the recreation and tourism sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work grew from initiatives of the International Society of Biometeorology's Commission on Climate, Tourism and Recreation (ISBCCTR). The ISBCCTR was formed during the 15th Congress of the ISB held in November 1999 in Sydney, Australia. The aim of ISBCCTR is to promote research in tourism climatology. The first formal meeting of the Commission took place at the Meliton Resort,

C. R. de Freitas

2003-01-01

380

Prospective Study of the Impact of Fear of Falling on Activities of Daily Living, SF36 Scores, and Nursing Home Admission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of fear of falling on the health of older people. Methods. A total of 528 subjects (mean age 77 years) were recruited from two hospitals in Sydney, Australia, and followed for approximately 12 months. Eighty-five subjects died during follow-up, and 31 were admitted to an aged care institution. Tinetti's

Robert G. Cumming; Glenn Salkeld; Margaret Thomas; George Szonyi

2000-01-01

381

"Nobody Dodges Remington": The Free Library Movement and the Achievement of Public Library Legislation in New South Wales, 1935-39  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the role of Geoffrey Cochrane Remington, Sydney solicitor and businessman, in free public library development in Australia. Describes how the Munn Pitt Report on Australian libraries and Remington's acquaintance with John Wallace Metcalfe of the Public Library of New South Wales led to the birth of the Free Library Movement in 1935, and…

Maguire, Carmel

2007-01-01

382

Risk factors for low birth weight in a socio-economically disadvantaged population: Parity, marital status, ethnicity and cigarette smoking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low birth weight (LBW) is a public health problem, because it is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The principal aim of this study was to assess risk factors for LBW in a large multi-ethnic and socio-economically disadvantaged population. Data from 3242 mothers, who attended the Well Baby Clinic (Southwestern Sydney, Australia) for the first time, were analysed

H. Phung; A. Bauman; T. V. Nguyen; L. Young; M. Tran; K. Hillman

2003-01-01

383

Drugs and Personality: Personality Correlates and Predictors of Non-Opiate Drug Use. Research Issues 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts from current research and theoretical studies explores various aspects of the relationship between non-opiate drug use and personality. The literature covers a period from 1968 through 1975 and focuses on tests that were conducted on adolescents and college students from the United States, Canada and Sydney, Australia.…

Austin, Gregory A., Ed.; And Others

384

ESO Director General appointed President-Elect of the International Astronomical Union  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union (IAU), meeting in Sydney (Australia) in July, has appointed the ESO Director General, Dr. Catherine Cesarsky, as President-Elect for the three-year period 2003-2006. The IAU is the world's foremost organisation for astronomy, uniting almost 9000 professional scientists on all continents.

2003-09-01

385

Identifying Supporters and Distracters in the Segmented World of the Adult Learner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the results of research into the learning experiences of a group of adult learners in a university preparation programme in a college of Technical and Further Education in Sydney, NSW, Australia. The research was conducted over a three year period by the author as a teacher-researcher and is grounded in the phenomenological…

Scanlon, Lesley

2009-01-01

386

Comparison of the Summer Thermal Performance of Three Test Buildings with that Predicted by the Admittance Procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper details the results of thermal testing carried out on three experimental buildings during the summer of 2007 and compares their performance with that predicted by using the CIBSE Admittance procedure. The buildings, one brick veneer, one mud brick and one of autoclaved aerated concrete wall panels were constructed by the author in Sydney, Australia. The field results were

Kevan Heathcote

2008-01-01

387

Development and applications of frequency tunable, submillimeter wave gyrotrons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of single-frequency, high-power gyrotrons for the fusion community has always had a high profile. However, tunable, low-power gyrotrons are well suited as sources for plasma diagnostics and the spectroscopic study of materials. This paper reviews the work at the University of Sydney in Australia and Fukui University in Japan.

G. F. Brand

1995-01-01

388

Post-fire water quality in forest catchments: a review with implications for potable water supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many locations fire-prone forest catchments are utilised for the supply of potable water to small communities up to large cities. For example, in south-eastern Australia, wildfires have burned part or all of forest catchments supplying drinking water to Sydney (2001 wildfire), Canberra (2003), Adelaide (2007), Melbourne (2009), as well as various regional towns. Generally, undisturbed forest catchments are a

Hugh Smith; Gary Sheridan; Petter Nyman; Shane Haydon

2010-01-01

389

‘Making Blood Flow’: Materializing Blood in Body Modification and Blood-borne Virus Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article combines in-depth interviews and Karen Barad's work on materiality to think about the ways in which the materiality of blood might be understood in relation to sociality and blood-borne virus prevention among BDSM (bondage and domination, dominance and submission and sadomasochism) body modification practitioners in Sydney, Australia. In doing so, it confronts questions of how the materiality of

Suzanne Fraser; Kylie Valentine

2006-01-01

390

Skin cancer in Australian heart transplant recipients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Cutaneous malignancy is a major cause of morbidity in organ transplant recipients. Objective: Our purpose was to report on skin cancer in Australian heart transplant recipients with analysis of HLA factors. Methods: We reviewed histologically proven skin cancers in the first 455 patients undergoing organ transplantation in Sydney, Australia. Results: The cumulative incidence of skin cancer was 31% at

Colin S. Ong; Anne M. Keogh; Steven Kossard; Peter S. Macdonald; Phillip M. Spratt

1999-01-01

391

Difference between relativistic petawatt-picosecond laser-plasma interaction and subrelativistic plasma-block generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some preliminary views are presented to the topic ``Fast High Density Plasma Blocks Driven by Picosecond Terawatt Lasers'' of the UWS-International Workshop 1 4 December 2004 in Sydney, Australia, underlining the motivation to explain the difference between the relativistic and the subrelativistic effects of ps-laser pulse interaction with plasma at powers above TW. This refers to specifically selected experimental and

Heinrich Hora

2005-01-01

392

Reviews and notices  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE DEVELOPMENT OF LANDFORM STUDIES IN AUSTRALIA by H. I. Scott. 15 by 22 cm, xvii and 282 pages, text figures, tables. Bellbird, Sydney 1977 (ISBN 0 908122 00 4) $A15.95LANDFORM EVOLUTION IN AUSTRALASIA edited by J. L. Davies and M. A. J. Williams. 18 x 25 cm, xxii and 376 pages, text figures, tables, plates. Australian National University Press,

R. W. Young; David Hopley; R. J. Blong; David Lea; J. H. Holmes; J. Forster; Ronald J. Horvath; J. R. V. Prescott; H. Blume; Kevin OConnor; G. H. Dury; L. D. Wright; J. L. Davies

1979-01-01

393

Temporal and spatial variations of upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric carbon dioxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systematic collection of air samples was made using commercial jet airliners between Tokyo, Japan and Anchorage, Alaska and between Tokyo and Sydney, Australia in 1984 and 1985. The amplitude of the seasonal CO2 cycle in the upper troposphere was found to be largest in high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere but decreased and lagged in phase as the equator was

Takakiyo Nakazawa; Kohji Miyashita; Shuhji Aoki; Masayuki Tanaka

1991-01-01

394

Relationships between Self-Processes and Group Processes with Friends and Acquaintances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This preliminary study explored relationships between key self-processes, specifically, independent vs. interdependent self-construal and self-efficacy, with students' attitudes toward group work with friends and acquaintances. The sample comprised 188 students from two Independent high schools in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. Data were…

Hanham, Jose; McCormick, John

2008-01-01

395

Boys, Blogs and Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an action research project, young male students from Sydney, Australia and Richmond, USA contributed to a collaborative writing blog. Both groups of students shared the same text with their class teachers, while using the medium of collaborative blogging, a process which was facilitated and managed by the teacher-librarian. Data was gathered…

Pickworth, Margo

2010-01-01

396

The Butterfly Effect The Natural History Museum, Visual Art, and the Suspension of Disbelief  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a reflection on a sequence of art projects I've curated in sites of historical significance in the city of Sydney, Australia. The ventures extended aspects of my own site-specific installation practice, focusing on the \\

L. Michael Goldberg

2005-01-01

397

Profiles of photosynthetic pigments in the ocean using thin-layer chromatography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phytoplankton pigments at a coastal station off Sydney, Australia, were studied by cellulose thinlayer chromatography. The chromatographic procedure distinguished chlorophylls a, b and c, chlorophyllide a, pheophytin a and pheophorbide a, and the major carotenoids carotene, astaxanthin, fucoxanthin, peridinin, diadinoxanthin and neoxanthin. Chlorophyllide a and pheophorbide a were the most significant chlorophyll-a degradation products in the water column, chlorophyllide a

S. W. Jeffrey

1974-01-01

398

Benchmarking Learning and Teaching: Developing a Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To develop a method for benchmarking teaching and learning in response to an institutional need to validate a new program in Dentistry at the University of Sydney, Australia. Design/methodology/approach: After a collaborative partner, University of Adelaide, was identified, the areas of teaching and learning to be benchmarked, PBL…

Henderson-Smart, Cheryl; Winning, Tracey; Gerzina, Tania; King, Shalinie; Hyde, Sarah

2006-01-01

399

Variations in sensitivity to copper and zinc among three isolated populations of the seagrass, Zostera capricorni  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metal accumulation in seagrass is well documented, but toxic impacts and mechanisms of tolerance in seagrass are not well understood. We looked at the impacts of 10 h exposure to copper and zinc for three isolated populations of Zostera capricorni in the Sydney (Australia) region. Photosynthetic efficiency (measured as the effective quantum yield, ?F\\/Fm?) and chlorophyll pigment concentrations showed different

Catriona M. O Macinnis-Ng; Peter J Ralph

2004-01-01

400

Does School-Wide Positive Behaviour System Improve Learning in Primary Schools? Some Preliminary Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A school-wide program known as Positive Behaviour for Learning (PBL) that systematically reinforces positive behaviours in schools based on the USA model of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) but also emphasizes learning processes and outcomes was implemented in the Western Sydney Region (WSR) of Australia. Aim: The…

Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Mooney, Mary; Barker, Katrina; Dobia, Brenda

2009-01-01

401

Incorporating phosphorus management considerations into wastewater management practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aspects of phosphorus management and its connection with wastewater management at a city level are explored here with the method of substance flow analysis (SFA) used to develop a phosphorus balance in Sydney, Australia, for the year 2000. The SFA results reveal that around 80% of the total phosphorus inputs into the system boundary are contained in food and detergent

Natthira Tangsubkul; Stephen Moore; T. David Waite

2005-01-01

402

Daytime urinary incontinence in primary school children: A population-based survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and severity of, and risk factors for, daytime urinary incontinence in children starting primary school. Design and setting: Population-based cross-sectional survey of new entrant primary school children in Sydney, Australia. Methods: A random cluster sample of 2020 primary school children was surveyed by using a daytime incontinence questionnaire with known substantial repeatability (mean kappa =

Premala Sureshkumar; Jonathan C. Craig; L. Paul Roy; John F. Knight

2000-01-01

403

Risk Factor, Pattern, Etiology and Outcome in Ischemic Stroke Patients with Cancer: A Nested Case-Control Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Coagulation disorders are seen in cancer patients, but it is not clear whether cancer predisposes stroke patients to unique characteristics. The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors, pattern,etiology and outcome in stroke patients with cancer. Methods: A retrospective review of all ischemic stroke (IS) patients with cancer (n = 56) admitted to Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital, Sydney, Australia,

Yun Yun Zhang; Dennis Cordato; Qing Shen; Ai Zhen Sheng; Wai Tak Hung; Daniel K. Y. Chan

2007-01-01

404

International, High-Ability Adventures: An Interview with Miraca Gross  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Dr. Miraca Gross, Professor of Gifted Education, and Director of the Gifted Education Research, Resource, and Information Centre (GERRIC), at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. Dr. Gross is a leading international authority on the education of gifted and talented children, particularly…

Henshon, Suzanna E.

2006-01-01

405

The High-Skilled VET Practitioner: Interim Findings from the Evaluation of the Long-Term Impacts of the Framing the Future Projects in 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was conducted in 2000-01 on the long-term impacts of the 200 projects funded by Australia's Framing the Future in 1999 and of the 250 conducted in 2000. Two main research methodologies (case study investigations and a survey) were used for the study. Case study investigations were conducted with the Deaf Education Network in Sydney; South…

Mitchell, John; Wood, Sarah; Young, Susan

406

"We Had To Hide We're Muslim": Ambient Fear, Islamic Schools and the Geographies of Race and Religion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 30 years, there has been virulent urban politics surrounding the provision of government-funded Islamic K-12 schooling in suburban south-western Sydney, Australia. In this paper, drawing on examples of local government opposition to Islamic schools, we argue that race and religion constitute contestations of urban space around the…

Gulson, Kalervo N.; Webb, P. Taylor

2013-01-01

407

ESO at the IAU General Assembly  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 25th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union was held in Sydney,Australia, from 13-24 July 2003. For two weeks the world of professional astronomy descended on Darling Harbour. In the early days it was used for receiving fresh produce and timber from Parramatta and the north coast, but with time had become a somewhat derelict dock area. Following massive redevelopment of the old wharves in the course of the 1980s, it now constitutes a spectacular example of contemporary urban renovation, with shopping malls, hotels, restaurants, museums and other leisure facilities, as well as the magnificent Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre (SCEC).

2003-09-01

408

Biodiesel Association of Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Biodiesel Association of Australia (BAA) "was founded in late 2000 to ensure that the biodiesel industry is established and flourishes in Australia." The BAA website contains basic, concise information about biodiesel; links to related news articles; downloadable BAA newsletters and biodiesel-related documents; an online discussion forum; and a collection of related links.

2007-12-27

409

Handbook on Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study unit on Australia for secondary students is divided into eight sections. Section 1 introduces students to the states, territories, and capitals of the country. Section two, land and people, discusses the size, location, geology, climate, flora and fauna, and population of Australia. Sections 3 and 4 outline Australian history and include…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

410

Community Music in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a historical perspective to the development of community music in Australia. Finding political support in Australia's progressive arts policies of the late 1970s, community music is discussed as embracing the principles of access and equity and supporting the development of musical skills in the context of social change and…

Harrison, Gillian

2010-01-01

411

Back Packing in Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australia Back Packers' Guide offers travelers information about Australian culture, native animals, educational places to visit, bushwalking and climbing, employment opportunities, embassy information, hostels and accommodations, tour guides, travel fares, camping, currency exchange rates, International Student Exchange and more.

412

Enhanced pharmacy services, barriers and facilitators in Australia’s community pharmacies: Australia’s National Pharmacy Database Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To report the frequency of 27 enhanced pharmacy services (EPS) provided in Australia’s community pharmacies and to analyse barriers and facilitators for providing priority services.\\u000aSetting: A large representative sample of community pharmacies in Australia in 2002. Method Questionnaires were mailed to owners or managers of a stratified, representative sample of Australia’s community pharmacies; 1131of 1391 consenting pharmacies responded (81.3%).

Constantine G Berbatis; V Bruce Sunderland; Andrew Joyce; Max K Bulsara; Christina Mills

2007-01-01

413

MOBILESAT: Australia's own  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Australia will be introducing a dedicated Mobile Satellite Communications System following the launch of the AUSSAT-B satellites late in 1991. The Mobile Satellite System, MOBILESAT, will provide circuit switched voice/data services and packet-switched data services for land, aeronautical and maritime users. Here, an overview is given of the development program being undertaken within Australia to enable a fully commercial service to be introduced in 1992.

Wagg, Michael

1990-01-01

414

Psilocybin impairs high-level but not low-level motion perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

,VisionTouch and Hearing Research Center, School of Biomedical Sciences,University of Queensland, Australia;,Instituto di Neuroscienze del CNR, Pisa, Italy;,Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Physiology and Institute for Biomedical Research, School of Medical Science,University of Sydney, Australia;,He?ter Research Center;,Neuropsychopharmacology and Brain Imaging,University Hospital of Psychiatry, Lenggstr. 31, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland

Olivia L. Carter; John D. Pettigrew; David C. Burr; David Alais; Felix Hasler; Franz X. Vollenweider

2004-01-01

415

New research to provide students with strategies for success beyond school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia’s School of Education recently welcomed two eminent German researchers to its Sydney Campus, who presented a one-day workshop for educators on self regulation strategies for talent development.Professor Albert Ziegler from the University of Erlangen-Nuremburg and Professor Heidrun Stoeger from the Regensberg University are experts in the fields of talent development, educational psychology, cognitive psychology

Elizabeth Fenech

2012-01-01

416

Outstanding first year students awarded Merit Scholarships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three outstanding first year students at The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus have been awarded Merit Scholarships for their hard work, commitment to their studies and extraordinary academic achievement.Business student Kate-Michelle Von Riegen, Arts\\/Education student Andrea Brocklehurst and Law student William Dawes have started university with the full cost of their first year of study covered by Notre

Moira Saunders

2011-01-01

417

Mental health conference first of its kind  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing students in their final semester of study have participated in “Stepping Out”, a student-led mental health conference that’s the first of its kind at The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney School of Nursing.\\u000aAssociate Professor Bill Goodin and Associate Professor Bethne Hart decided to incorporate the conference into the assessment schedule for nursing students undertaking the Mental Health

Elizabeth Fenech

2011-01-01

418

Notre Dame medicine students compete for Vampire Cup  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medicine students from The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle and Sydney campuses are currently competing in the Australian Medical Students’ Association (AMSA) hotly contested annual Blood Drive competition, the Vampire Cup.\\u000aThe Vampire Cup is the national blood drive run by AMSA in conjunction with the Australian Red Cross Blood Service and encourages medical students from the 19 medical

Cassidy Rebecca

2009-01-01

419

The Governor of NSW opens Notre Dame Medical Clinical School in Hawkesbury  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Governor of New South Wales, Her Excellency Marie Bashir AC CVO, today officially opened the Hawkesbury Clinical School of The University of Notre Dame Australia’s School of Medicine.\\u000aDr Bashir welcomed the second cohort of students from the School’s Sydney Campus to the Hawkesbury Clinical School.\\u000a“This is a new chapter in Australian medical education. As well as excellent

Moira Saunders

2011-01-01

420

Children's Books in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, given at a special meeting held in Tehran, describes children's literature in Australia, discussing specifically the background of this literature (the country and early children's books); various influences on the literature, such as the Children's Book Council and children's and school libraries; present-day publishing, including…

Horn, Vida

421

Classification in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite some inroads by the Library of Congress Classification and short-lived experimentation with Universal Decimal Classification and Bliss Classification, Dewey Decimal Classification, with its ability in recent editions to be hospitable to local needs, remains the most widely used classification system in Australia. Although supplemented at…

McKinlay, John

422

Recent developments: Australia  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in the nuclear industry in the United States and Australia are summarized. The following topics are discussed: Australian Labor Party to review uranium issues; Supreme Court issues decision on producers lawsuit, proposed settlement, California voters approve Rancho Seco operation; and agreement reached in Pacific GAs and Electric Company`s Diablo Canyon rate case.

NONE

1988-07-01

423

Australia in the Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Australia's growth since European settlement and its development into a major world trader in industrial and high technology raw materials. Examines the country's expanding relations with New Zealand and other Pacific states which is the outgrowth of the realization that all will gain from greater international cooperation. (GEA)

Kennedy, Kerry; Welch, Ian

1988-01-01

424

Labor Rights Report: Australia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines the labor rights situation in Australia. The labor rights taken into consideration include those rights defined as core labor standards. Because of the emphasis in the Trade Act on the elimination of the worst forms of child labor, we...

2004-01-01

425

English Teaching Profile: Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of the role and status of English language use and instruction in Australia looks at English within the education systems of the seven states and the Australian Capital Territory at all levels, both for native speakers and students of English as a second language. The following areas are also examined (1) the use of English by…

British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

426

Evaporites in Australia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Major evaporite basins were discovered in Australia over the past two decades, chiefly as a result of exploratory drilling for petroleum. Four major onshore deposits of bedded evaporites-in the Adavale, Amadeus, Canning, and Officer Basins-and one offshor...

A. T. Wells I. M. Hodgson

1980-01-01

427

PV applications in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a vast, sparsely populated continent like Australia, effective remote area telecommunications, power supplies, navigation aids and transport route signalling are critical and expensive. PV provides an attractive alternative to diesel and central grid supplies for maintaining these links. Over the last 10 years, another PV market has developed in water pumping and in remote electricity supply. Solar car races

Muriel Watt

1996-01-01

428

Reviews and notices  

Microsoft Academic Search

SYDNEY'S TRNSPORT: Studies in Urban History edited by G. Wotherspoon. 24 by 17 cm, 212 pages, tables, text figures. Hale and Iremonger in association with The Sydney History Group: Sydney 1983 (ISBN 0 86806 047 X) $A14.95 limpSYDNEY'S TRNSPORT: Studies in Urban History edited by G. Wotherspoon. 24 by 17 cm, 212 pages, tables, text figures. Hale and Iremonger in

D. J. Webb; Graeme Aplin; Chris Maher; P. Curson; P. B. Mitchell; Eric Bird; David M. Chapman; Joe Jennings; D. N. Jeans; Frank J. B. Stillwell; Robert S. Stimson; J. M. Powell; Don Parkes; G. Hugo; C. L. Keys; Kevin OConnor; W. S. Logan; John T. Jackson; Robert Freestone; G. T. McDonald; Ian Alexander; Dean Forbes; C. J. Chartres; David Murray; I. J. S. Bowie; David Mercer; M. Cooper; J. R. V. Prescott; Jim Walmsley; P. G. Irwin; Diana Day; J. J. Jenkin; Jamie Kirkpatrick; Ann Young; S. Riley; David Dunkerley; Jack Hobbs

1984-01-01

429

Cryptosporidium from a free-ranging marsupial host: bandicoots in urban Australia.  

PubMed

Expansion of human settlement has increased the interface between people and bandicoots with implications for the emergence and spread of zoonotic parasites. The host status of bandicoots inhabiting suburban areas and their potential role in Cryptosporidium transmission remains unresolved. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence and identity of Cryptosporidium in two sympatric bandicoot species. Cryptosporidium signatures were detected in twelve bandicoot faecal samples (n=98) through amplification of the 18S rRNA. Phylogenetic inference placed the isolates in a clade with Cryptosporidium parvum, a species with a broad host range and zoonotic potential, or loosely related to Cryptosporidium hominis. However, the identity of the bandicoot isolates was not fully resolved and whether they were infected or simply passively transmitting oocysts is unknown. This study revealed that free-ranging bandicoots of northern Sydney were shedding Cryptosporidium oocysts at a prevalence of 12.2% (95% CI [6.76, 20.8]), similar to marsupial species that act as reservoirs for Cryptosporidium. Our findings expand the range of hosts known to shed Cryptosporidium in urban areas. PMID:24054949

Dowle, Matthew; Hill, Nichola J; Power, Michelle L

2013-11-15

430

VENTILATORY CAPACITY CHANGES ON EXPOSURE TO COTTON DUST AND THEIR RELEVANCE TO BYSSINOSIS IN AUSTRALIA  

PubMed Central

The same plan of investigation as was used in a previous study of jute workers (Gandevia and Milne, 1965) has been applied to a survey of 50 workers in the blowroom and carding and spinning area of a Sydney cotton mill. Significant decreases in ventilatory capacity were recorded on Friday, Monday, and the following Thursday, with, on the average, complete `overnight' recovery, as indicated by similar morning values. Slightly, but not significantly, greater differences were observed in seven subjects with mild byssinotic symptoms and in five subjects with an observed productive cough on request. No effect of sex, shift, or history of cough and sputum was demonstrable. By contrast with the jute workers, no influence of smoking habit was apparent. The larger decreases in ventilatory capacity were observed in those with the higher F.E.V.1·0:F.V.C. ratios, whereas the reverse trend was noted in the jute workers. The occurrence of significant large decreases in those employed in the industry for less than a month, in conjunction with other evidence, suggests that a factor of `self-selection' may be operative among cotton employees in this country and may be related to the apparently low prevalence of clinically important byssinosis. Attention is drawn to two different patterns of change of ventilatory capacity over a week in subjects exposed to dusts sometimes associated with symptoms of byssinosis; the relationship of these changes and of chronic bronchitis to the development of clinical byssinosis is discussed.

Gandevia, Bryan; Milne, James

1965-01-01

431

Trachoma in Australia: an update.  

PubMed

In 2001, one of the authors wrote in the Medical Journal of Australia about trachoma explaining that Australia is the only developed country in the world where blinding trachoma still exists. Ten years later, the same is still true, but there is some progress and the situation in Australia is starting to change. However, this progress has been somewhat glacial, especially compared with the rapid changes being made in other 'undeveloped' parts of the world. PMID:23078264

Taylor, Hugh R; Anjou, Mitchell D

2013-07-01

432

Bipolar disorders in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To estimate the excess costs associated with bipolar disorders in Australia, based on prevalence (using the Mood Disorder\\u000a Questionnaire (MDQ)) and associated excess burden-of-illness costs.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Using data from the 2004 South Australian Health Omnibus Survey (HOS), a weighted cross-sectional survey of 3,015 adults,\\u000a excess costs were estimated from health service utilisation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  There was a 2.5% lifetime prevalence of bipolar disorders,

Laura J. Fisher; Robert D. Goldney; Eleonora Dal Grande; Anne W. Taylor; Graeme Hawthorne

2007-01-01

433

Fires in Northern Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several fires were detected in Northern Australia by MODIS. The fires show up as red dots, superimposed on a surface reflectance product. The image also shows the Clarence Strait, which separates the mainland from Melville Island to the northwest and the smaller Bathurst Island to its west. The Strait connects the more confined, bowl-shaped Van Diemen Gulf to the Beagle Gulf. To the right of the image at the top is the Gulf of Carpentaria, which appears to be full of phytoplankton, as evidenced by the blue-green swirls in the waters

2002-01-01

434

Earth Science Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earth Science Australia, a site maintained by students and teachers, offers a wide array of quality online science material. The Rocks and Minerals page contains information on the rock cycle, the percent crustal abundance of the common elements, the definition of a mineral, igneous rock facts, types of magma, Bowen's reaction series, sedimentary rock facts, rock formation animations, rock photographs, rock deformation and metamorphic rock information, and much more. Each page contains text, animations, graphics, photographs, or other helpful learning material. This and the other quality material that can be found elsewhere on the site make it worthy of visits by kids and lifetime learners alike.

435

Aboriginal art — Australia's neglected inheritance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australia's rich inheritance of Aboriginal rock art is now under threat from a rapid growth in tourism. Tourists seek out remote areas of the country where they can experience the ‘real’ Australia and Aboriginal rock art sites are promoted as integral to that ‘outback’ experience. Various management techniques have been used at rock art sites to protect them from tourists

Fay Gale; Jane Jacobs

1987-01-01

436

Australia's marine virtual laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In all modelling studies of realistic scenarios, a researcher has to go through a number of steps to set up a model in order to produce a model simulation of value. The steps are generally the same, independent of the modelling system chosen. These steps include determining the time and space scales and processes of the required simulation; obtaining data for the initial set up and for input during the simulation time; obtaining observation data for validation or data assimilation; implementing scripts to run the simulation(s); and running utilities or custom-built software to extract results. These steps are time consuming and resource hungry, and have to be done every time irrespective of the simulation - the more complex the processes, the more effort is required to set up the simulation. The Australian Marine Virtual Laboratory (MARVL) is a new development in modelling frameworks for researchers in Australia. MARVL uses the TRIKE framework, a java-based control system developed by CSIRO that allows a non-specialist user configure and run a model, to automate many of the modelling preparation steps needed to bring the researcher faster to the stage of simulation and analysis. The tool is seen as enhancing the efficiency of researchers and marine managers, and is being considered as an educational aid in teaching. In MARVL we are developing a web-based open source application which provides a number of model choices and provides search and recovery of relevant observations, allowing researchers to: a) efficiently configure a range of different community ocean and wave models for any region, for any historical time period, with model specifications of their choice, through a user-friendly web application, b) access data sets to force a model and nest a model into, c) discover and assemble ocean observations from the Australian Ocean Data Network (AODN, http://portal.aodn.org.au/webportal/) in a format that is suitable for model evaluation or data assimilation, and d) run the assembled configuration in a cloud computing environment, or download the assembled configuration and packaged data to run on any other system of the user's choice. MARVL is now being applied in a number of case studies around Australia ranging in scale from locally confined estuaries to the Tasman Sea between Australia and New Zealand. In time we expect the range of models offered will include biogeochemical models.

Proctor, Roger; Gillibrand, Philip; Oke, Peter; Rosebrock, Uwe

2014-05-01

437

Australia National Sorry Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Sorry Day," held on May 26, 1998 in Australia, was an attempt on the part of some Australians to come to grips with the policy of forced removal of Aboriginal children that took place for 150 years until the 1970s. The National Sorry Day site is provided by the Reconciliation and Social Justice Project of the Australasian Legal Information Institute. The site contains background and an educational activities kit. The centerpiece, however, is full text access (in the Publications) to Bringing Them Home: Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families, which was tabled by the Australian Federal Parliament exactly one year before Sorry Day.

1998-01-01

438

Australia's Great Barrier Reef  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Great Barrier Reef extends for 2,000 kilometers along the northeastern coast of Australia. It is not a single reef, but a vast maze of reefs, passages, and coral cays (islands that are part of the reef). This nadir true-color image was acquired by the MISR instrument on August 26, 2000 (Terra orbit 3679), and shows part of the southern portion of the reef adjacent to the central Queensland coast. The width of the MISR swath is approximately 380 kilometers, with the reef clearly visible up to approximately 200 kilometers from the coast. It may be difficult to see the myriad details in the browse image, but if you retrieve the higher resolution version, a zoomed display reveals the spectacular structure of the many reefs.

The more northerly coastal area in this image shows the vast extent of sugar cane cultivation, this being the largest sugar producing area in Australia, centered on the city of Mackay. Other industries in the area include coal, cattle, dairying, timber, grain, seafood, and fruit. The large island off the most northerly part of the coast visible in this image is Whitsunday Island, with smaller islands and reefs extending southeast, parallel to the coast. These include some of the better known resort islands such as Hayman, Lindeman, Hamilton, and Brampton Islands.

Further south, just inland of the small semicircular bay near the right of the image, is Rockhampton, the largest city along the central Queensland coast, and the regional center for much of central Queensland. Rockhampton is just north of the Tropic of Capricorn. Its hinterland is a rich pastoral, agricultural, and mining region.

MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

2001-01-01

439

Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about lung cancer in three culturally and linguistically diverse communities living in Australia: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Issue addressed Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about lung cancer among Chinese, Vietnamese and Arabic-speaking communities in Sydney, New South Wales (NSW) are explored. Methods Seven focus groups were completed with a total of 51 participants (smokers and non-smokers) from three culturally and linguistically diverse communities (CALD). Five topics were discussed and translated summaries from focus groups were thematically analysed. Results There were variations in perceived susceptibility to lung cancer between the CALD groups and between smokers and non-smokers. Fatalistic views towards lung cancer were apparent across all three CALD communities. There were low levels of awareness of lung cancer signs and symptoms, with the exception of haemoptysis. Differences in help-seeking behaviour and levels of trust of general practitioners (GP) were apparent. Conclusion Limited awareness of the signs and symptoms of lung cancer, combined with cultural perceptions about cancer, impacted on attitudes towards help-seeking behaviour in these three CALD communities. So what? The prevalence of smoking among Chinese men, Vietnamese men and Arabic-speaking communities in NSW puts them at increased risk of lung cancer. Health promotion initiatives for lung cancer should be tailored for CALD communities and could focus on increasing knowledge of key symptoms, awareness that ex-smokers are at risk and awareness of the diagnostic pathway including the importance of avoiding delays in help-seeking. PMID:24739779

Scott, Nicola; Donato-Hunt, Connie; Crane, Melanie; Lafontaine, Mayanne; Varlow, Megan; Seale, Holly; Currow, David

2014-04-01

440

Genetic structure of the subtidal red alga Delisea pulchra  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPDs) to examine small-scale spatial genetic structure in the red alga Delisea pulchra (Greville) Montagne at two locations near Sydney, Australia. We examined genetic structure among plants at four spatial scales\\u000a ranging from 2?km apart down to <50?cm apart between locations, among sites within locations, among quadrats within sites,\\u000a and among plants within quadrats.

J. T. Wright; G. C. Zuccarello; P. D. Steinberg

2000-01-01

441

Notre Dame senior staff challenged  

Microsoft Academic Search

Senior staff from the Broome, Fremantle and Sydney Campuses of The University of Notre Dame Australia, gathered on the Fremantle Campus recently for a leadership conference that focused on the future development of the University as a national institution spanning three campuses.\\u000aThe seminar was facilitated by Professor Mark McKenna, Executive Dean of the School of Medicine and Acting Provost

Michelle Ebbs

2007-01-01

442

UNDA hosts visit of US Notre Dame Governors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia hosted a special visit by its US Governors on the Fremantle and Sydney campuses in July.\\u000aRev Edward Malloy CSC, President Emeritus of the University of Notre Dame du Lac; Rev William Beauchamp CSC, President of the University of Portland and Rev Mark Poorman CSC, Executive Vice President of the University of Portland are

Elizabeth Fenech

2012-01-01

443

Gifts, Drug Samples, and other Items Given to Medical Specialists by Pharmaceutical Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim  To ascertain the quantity and nature of gifts and items provided by the pharmaceutical industry in Australia to medical specialists and to consider whether these are appropriate in terms of justifiable ethical standards, empirical research and views expressed in the literature.Design and Setting  Fifty-one medical Sydney specialists were asked to collect all gifts, offers, invitations, and items received from pharmaceutical companies

Paul M. McNeill; Ian H. Kerridge; Catherine Arciuli; David A. Henry; Graham J. Macdonald; Richard O. Day; Suzanne R. Hill

2006-01-01

444

Contact versus immersion biometry of axial length before cataract surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To compare the repeatability and agreement of contact and immersion ultrasound (US) biometry of axial length.Setting: Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia.Methods: This prospective stratified randomized study comprised 36 patients with a preoperative refractive error less than 4.00 diopters (D) sphere or 2.00 D cylinder who were recruited before cataract surgery. Each of 3 operators measured both eyes of

Michael P Hennessy; Franzco; Derek G Chan

2003-01-01

445

Book review: The Invisible Persuaders - How Britain's Spin Doctors Manipulate the Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Michie, David (1998) The Invisible Persuaders - How Britain's Spin Doctors Manipulate the Media Transworld Publishers, Sydney ISBN 0593042387\\u000aReviewed by Richard Stanton\\u000aIt is self evident truth that metropolitan newspapers are no longer primarily journals of record. It is impossible to travel to most western countries, notably the US, the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and, in the context

R. Stanton

1998-01-01

446

Role of blood pressure in development of early retinopathy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes: prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To examine the relation between blood pressure and the development of early retinopathy in adolescents with childhood onset type 1 diabetes.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting Diabetes Complications Assessment Service at the Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia.Participants 1869 patients with type 1 diabetes (54% female) screened for retinopathy with baseline median age 13.4 (interquartile range 12.0-15.2) years, duration 4.9 (3.1-7.0)

Patricia Herold Gallego; Maria E Craig; Stephen Hing; Kim C Donaghue

2008-01-01

447

Five-year incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy in a defined older population: the Blue Mountains Eye Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimsTo determine 5-year incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy in an older Australian population-based cohort.MethodsDuring the period 1992–1994, the Blue Mountains Eye Study examined 3654 residents aged 49+years (82.4% of those eligible), living in two urban postcode areas, west of Sydney, Australia. Participants were subsequently invited to attend 5-year follow-up exams. After excluding 543 (14.8%) who died during the follow-up

L Cikamatana; P Mitchell; E Rochtchina; S Foran; J J Wang; P Mitchell

2007-01-01

448

The effect of group-based exercise on cognitive performance and mood in seniors residing in intermediate care and self-care retirement facilities: a randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To determine the effect of a general group-based exercise programme on cognitive performance and mood among seniors without dementia living in retirement villages.Design:Randomised controlled trial.Setting:Four intermediate care and four self-care retirement village sites in Sydney, Australia.Participants:154 seniors (19 men, 135 women; age range 62 to 95 years), who were residents of intermediate care and self-care retirement facilities.Intervention:Participants were randomised to

A K Brown; T Liu-Ambrose; R Tate; S R Lord

2009-01-01

449

Notre Dame benefits from Federal Government's 2008 Budget  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia was a grateful recipient of financial support from the Federal Government’s 2008 budget, which was announced last night.\\u000aThe University will receive $7.5 million in capital funding grants which will contribute to upgrading and improving facilities on its Fremantle and Sydney Campuses.\\u000aThe funding will provide additional classrooms and infrastructure support for teacher education

Michelle Ebbs

2008-01-01

450

Impact of Visual Impairment on Use of Community Support Services by Elderly Persons: The Blue Mountains Eye Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE. TO estimate the impact of visual impairment in older Australians on the use of community support services. METHODS. In the Blue Mountains Eye Study, 3654 people aged 49 or older were examined—82.4% of eligible residents in an area west of Sydney, Australia. Presenting and best-corrected visual acuities were measured using a LogMAR chart. Subjects were categorized as having visual

Jie Jin Wang; Paul Mitchell; Wayne Smith; Robert G. Cumming; Karin Attebox

451

Challenges in chronic illness management: a qualitative study of Australian pharmacists’ perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To explore pharmacists’ views on managing patients with chronic illness; to understand the incentives and barriers they perceive\\u000a and the solutions they propose to overcome these barriers. Setting Hospital pharmacists, with experience in managing people with chronic illnesses, working in western Sydney, Australia, were\\u000a interviewed during June and July 2008. Method A qualitative study involving group and individual interviews

Elin C. LehnbomJo-anne; Jo-anne E. Brien

2010-01-01

452

Immigrant Children and Child Welfare in the United States: Demographics, Legislation, Research, Policy, and Practice Impacting Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the presentation given at the 2nd International Conference of the International Society for Child\\u000a Indicators (ISCI) in November 2009, in Sydney, Australia. The intent of the paper is to build a framework of strategic advancement\\u000a of child wellbeing of a subgroup of vulnerable children, utilizing national indicators from the variety of disciplines mentioned\\u000a in the title. The

Sonia C. Velazquez; Alan J. Dettlaff

453

Government works with technology to boost gas output\\/usage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specially treated ethane gas from fields of the Moomba area in the Cooper basin of South Australia now flows freely through 870 mi of interstate gas pipeline to an end-user in Sydney, New South Wales. This unprecedented usage of ethane is the result of a long-term cooperative agreement. The producer sought to provide the end-user with ethane gas for usage

Nicoll

1996-01-01

454

Differentiation of Fusarium oxysporum isolates from Phoenix canadensis (Canary Island Date Palm) by vegetative compatibility grouping and molecular analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fusarium wilt of Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island Date Palm) is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. canariensis (Foc). The disease occurs worldwide, including Australia where hundreds of palms have been killed. Isolates of Foc were collected from fronds of diseased palms at sites around Sydney and different parts (non-frond) of individual palms within\\u000a a site. Three techniques were used to

L. V. Gunn; B. A. Summerell

2002-01-01

455

Flexible work in call centres: Working hours, work-life conflict & health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Call-centre workers encounter major psychosocial pressures, including high work intensity and undesirable working hours. Little is known, however, about whether these pressures vary with employment status and how they affect work-life conflict and health. Questionnaire data were collected from 179 telephone operators in Sydney, Australia, of whom 124 (69.3%) were female and 54 (30.2%) were male. Ninety-three (52%) were permanent

Philip Bohle; Harold Willaby; Michael Quinlan; Maria McNamara

2011-01-01

456

In34, a Complex In5 Family Class 1 Integron Containing orf513 and dfrA10  

Microsoft Academic Search

A complex class 1 integron, In34, found in a conjugative plasmid from a multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain isolated in 1997 at a hospital in Sydney, Australia, was shown to have a backbone related to that of In2, which belongs to the In5 family. In In34, the aadB gene cassette replaces the aadA1a cassette in In2, and two additional resistance genes,

Sally R. Partridge; Ruth M. Hall

2003-01-01

457

The Kenneth Fitzpatrick Russell Memorial Lecture: 'Of books and libraries: a reflection inspired by surgeon William Bland's copy of Manec's Treatize on the Ligature of Arteries'.  

PubMed

Kenneth Russell, bibliophile, anatomist, surgeon and historian helped to acquire Leslie Cowlishaw's historical library for the College, and subsequently cared for and catalogued the collection. One book in the collection is especially interesting as it bears the name of every owner since 1656; another belonged to William Bland of Sydney, sometime surgeon, convict, educator and legislator, whose surgical ability and inventive mind stimulated this reflection on libraries and book lovers. Bland was almost certainly Australia's first vascular surgeon. PMID:15932448

Mellick, Sam

2005-05-01

458

Nine years after child sexual abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: During 1988–1990, 103 children presented to Child Protection Units (CPU) at two children’s hospitals in Sydney, Australia. Nine years later, the psychological adjustment of these young people (mean age=19.1 years, SD=3.4 years; range=14–25 years) was compared with that of non-abused young people of similar age and gender to assess group differences and examine potential risk factors.Method: At intake, data

Heather Y Swanston; Angela M Plunkett; Brian I O’Toole; Sandra Shrimpton; Patrick N Parkinson; R. Kim Oates

2003-01-01

459

Ken Beames: Australian telescope-maker extraordinaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The New South Wales amateur astronomer, Kenneth Beames, was one of Australia=92s most accomplished telescope-makers during the 1930s, 40s and 50s, and is well known for his 610mm reflector at the Linden Observatory near Sydney. Beames was also active in BAA NSW Branch affairs during this period. Since his death in 1989, the trustees of the Linden Observatory have been

W. Orchiston

1997-01-01

460

Life down under.  

PubMed

LORRAINE DICKSON has led an eventful life. Since training as a nurse in Sydney in the 1970s she has married a Vietnam veteran, been forced from her home by a cyclone, worked in a prison, run a shop in a remote part of Australia and taught English to health workers in Hanoi. She has also studied for three degrees, and the finishing line for her professional doctorate is now in sight. PMID:24787947

Allen, Daniel

2014-04-30

461

Fire recognition potential of the bi-spectral Infrared Detection (BIRD) satellite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential of a new small Bi-spectral Infrared Detection (BIRD) satellite system for the detection and quantitative characterization of high-temperature events on the Earth surface is discussed. BIRD was successfully piggy-back launched by an Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C3) in a circular Sun-synchronous orbit on 22 October 2001. Images of wildfires in the area of Sydney, Australia, obtained in

K. Briess; H. Jahn; E. Lorenz; D. Oertel; W. Skrbek; B. Zhukov

2003-01-01

462

Reviews: Australian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Richard Lucy, The Australian Form of Government, Melbourne, Macmillan, 1985, pp.460. $19.95 (paper)Greg Whitwell, The Treasury Line, Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1986, pp.308. $17.95 (paper)Dean Jaensch, Getting Our Houses in Order: Australia's Parliament, Ringwood, Penguin, 1986, pp.192. $9.95 (paper)Lionel Murphy, The Rule of Law, edited by Jean and Richard Ely, Amcliffe NSW, Akron Press, 1986, pp.xx,309. $17.95 (paper)The Whitlam Phenomenon:

Geoff Gallop MLA; Bruce McFarlane; John Craig; Chilla Bulbeck; Laurel Black; Peter Beilharz; Margaret Gardner; Ian Palmer; Roy Forward; Brian Head; Rob Watts; Robert J. Williams; Boris Frankel; Barbara A. Misztal; Bronislaw Misztal; Cherry Gertzel; Ken J. Walker; Andrew Parkin; Derek McDougall; Tony Smith; Mark Finnane; William W. Bostock; David Goldsworthy; Doug Tucker; John Keane; M. W. Jackson; Patrick Buckridge; Gerald Gaus; Rodney Smith; James Walter

1987-01-01

463

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPUTER-AIDED BUILDING ENVIRONMENT AND SERVICES SIMULATION MODEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of an interactive. computer-aided simulation model for the design and analysis of the service systems creating and maintaining the internal environment of a high-rise office building. The model is part of an overall programme of computer-aided architectural design being developed by the Department of Architectural Science at the University of Sydney, Australia.The model is seen

BRUCE FORWOOD

1972-01-01

464

Attitudes to native bandicoots in an urban environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urbanization along the eastern seaboard of Australia has increased the potential for conflict between humans and wildlife.\\u000a The northern suburbs of Sydney are home to the southern brown (Isoodon obesulus) and the long-nosed bandicoot (Perameles nasuta). Both are known to enter yards of home owners causing a disturbance to yard plantings and an interaction with domestic pets.\\u000a Understanding the driving

Matthew Dowle; Elizabeth M. Deane

2009-01-01

465

Algae Reefs in Shark Bay, Western Australia, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Numerous algae reefs are seen in Shark Bay, Western Australia, Australia (26.0S, 113.5E) especially in the southern portions of the bay. The south end is more saline because tidal flow in and out of the bay is restricted by sediment deposited at the north and central end of the bay opposite the mouth of the Wooramel River. This extremely arid region produces little sediment runoff so that the waters are very clear, saline and rich in algae.

1990-01-01

466

Desalination using renewable energy in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history and performance of renewable energy driven desalination plants in Australia are reviewed. Included are the 3 500 m2 of solar stills built in South Australia in 1966, the two small scale photovoltaic reverse osmosis (RO) plants currently operating in Central Australia, a larger containerised photovoltaic RO plant from Western Australia, a Wind Powered RO Plant in Shark Bay,

D. G. Harrison; G. E. Ho; K. Mathew

1996-01-01

467

Coping with Population Ageing in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

As in other OECD countries Australia’s population is ageing progressively. On unchanged policies, this will increase government outlays for public pensions and health care, causing a deterioration in budget balances, and reduce economic growth (mainly by lowering growth in the labour force). Nevertheless, the prospective deterioration in Australia’s budget finances is much less than in most other OECD countries because

David Carey

1999-01-01

468

Adult Learners' Week in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promotional materials and activities for Australia's Adult Learners Week, which are shaped by a variety of stakeholders , include media strategies and a website. Activities are evaluated using a market research company and website and telephone hotline statistics. (SK)

Cross, John

2002-01-01