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1

Sydney  

Atmospheric Science Data Center

... metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000 Olympic Games, which opened Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the rugged-shaped ... central city area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast. ...

2013-04-16

2

"Sydney sandstone": Heritage Stone from Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney is Australia's oldest city being founded in 1788. The city was fortunate to be established on an extensive and a relatively undeformed layer of lithified quartz sandstone of Triassic age that has proved to be an ideal building stone. The stone has been long identified by geologists as the Hawkesbury Sandstone. On the other hand the term "Sydney sandstone" has also been widely used over a long period, even to the extent of being utilised as the title of published books, so its formal designation as a heritage stone will immediately formalise this term. The oldest international usage is believed to be its use in the construction of the Stone Store at Kerikeri, New Zealand (1832-1836). In the late 19th century, public buildings such as hospitals, court houses as well as the prominent Sydney Town Hall, Sydney General Post Office, Art Gallery of New South Wales, State Library of New South Wales as well as numerous schools, churches, office building buildings, University, hotels, houses, retaining walls were all constructed using Sydney sandstone. Innumerable sculptures utilising the gold-coloured stone also embellished the city ranging from decorative friezes and capitals on building to significant monuments. Also in the late 19th and early 20th century, Sydney sandstone was used for major construction in most other major Australian cities especially Melbourne, Adelaide and Brisbane to the extent that complaints were expressed that suitable local stone materials were being neglected. Quarrying of Sydney sandstone continues today. In 2000 it was recorded noted that there were 33 significant operating Sydney sandstone quarries including aggregate and dimension stone operations. In addition sandstone continues to be sourced today from construction sites across the city area. Today major dimension stone producers (eg Gosford Quarries) sell Sydney sandstone not only into the Sydney market but also on national and international markets as cladding and paving products as well as block. Recent international projects by Gosford Quarries include Mishima Golf Club in Japan, Al Awadi Tower in Kuwait, New World Resort in China and a Hard Rock Café in Florida, USA. Arguably Sydney sandstone is Australia's most prominent potential Global Heritage Stone Resource and details are readily available in existing publications to make the nomination.

Cooper, Barry; Kramar, Sabina

2014-05-01

3

Sydney Aquarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site includes a wealth of information on the Sydney Aquarium in Australia. It also features a virtual tour of the aquarium, webcams, games, virtual pets, extensive Australian habitats information, and Ask Professor Mullet, a collection of forums where students can ask questions and discuss marine science topics.

4

BY EWEN CALLAWAY n route from Sydney to Perth, Australia,  

E-print Network

BY EWEN CALLAWAY E n route from Sydney to Perth, Australia, in the early 1920s, British ethnologist that Aboriginals, who suffer from high rates of diabetes and heart disease, may miss out on advances in genetic medicine. Willerslev says that he was not fully aware of these issues when his team set out to sequence

5

The 2000 Olympic Games: A Climatology for Sydney, Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Meteorologists attending or following the 2000 Summer Olympics will enjoy the data tables, maps, and discussion of Sydney, Australia's climatology provided in this 22-page publication. For example, average temperature, rainfall, and wind direction data for this Olympic venue are given. Color maps accompany text and tables.

6

Art Appreciation in Practice in Sydney, Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this paper are: to describe art education in New South Wales, Australia; to explain the Student Centered Art Appreciation (SCAA) Model; and to examine how and why the model works in the classroom. Art education is explored from four perspectives or theoretical frameworks: (1) the New South Wales Visual Arts Syllabus; (2) the SCAA…

Marsh, Margaret

7

SEROLOGICAL EVALUATION OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM OOCYSTS FINDINGS IN THE WATER SUPPLY OF SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

EPA Science Inventory

From July to September, 1998, high levels of Cryptospordium oocysts and Giardia cysts were detected in Sydney, Australia drinking water. To evaluate whether Sydney residents had an elevated risk of infection, serological responses to two Cryptospordium antigen groups (15/17 - an...

8

preprint version RSS 2012, Sydney, Australia Rigidity Maintenance Control for Multi-Robot Systems  

E-print Network

and data collection, surveillance, construction and transportation, and search and rescue operations [1, 2 guaranteeing maintenance of such mission objectives. An important objective for collective motion controlpreprint version RSS 2012, Sydney, Australia Rigidity Maintenance Control for Multi-Robot Systems

9

MISR Looks at Sydney and the Southeastern Australia Coast  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image from MISR's nadir-looking camera was acquired on July 11, 2000 (Terra orbit 3009) and shows a 200-kilometer section of the eastern Australian coast, centered around the Sydney metropolitan area. This city is host to the 2000 Olympics Games, which open Friday, September 15. Sydney Harbour is the rugged-shaped inlet toward the northern side of the grey-colored central city area. Olympic Park, the main venue for the Games, is on a southern arm of the harbor, about 20 kilometers from the coast.

The areas to the north, west, and south of Sydney are characterized by rugged terrain and extensive forests. Just north of the city the Ku-ring-gai Chase and Brisbane Waters National Parks surround the Hawkesbury River estuary. Further north and separated from the ocean by narrow dunes are a series of lakes, the two largest in this image being Lake Macquarie (at the top) and Tuggerah Lake.

West of the metropolitan area, some 65 kilometers inland, are the Blue Mountains. The primary transport corridor for road and rail across the mountains is clearly visible, and just north of it is the steep-sided Grose River valley. In the southern part of the mountains is a series of long valleys filled by Lake Burragorang, a major source of Sydney's water supply.

South of Sydney's central area are Botany Bay, Bate Bay and Port Hacking, and the Royal National Park. Further south, the forested coastline gives way to the city of Wollongong, the adjacent steel-making complex at Port Kembla, and Lake Illawarra.

MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

2000-01-01

10

Symmetry Breaking National ICT Australia and School of CSE, University of New South Wales, Sydney,  

E-print Network

Symmetry Breaking Toby Walsh National ICT Australia and School of CSE, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, tw@cse.unsw.edu.au Symmetry occurs in many problems in aritifical intelligence be able to swap them around without changing the performance of the computer. Symmetries come in many

Walsh, Toby

11

Recracking of jointed rock masses in the Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fracture mapping of Late Permian – Early Triassic flat-lying sedimentary rocks in the Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia, shows that joints developed originally in extension were faulted in subsequent events. Joints with a regional distribution fall into two, early and late formed groups. Group I joints propagated horizontally and never interfered with each other. These joints were subsequently reworked

H. Memarian; C. L. Fergusson

2007-01-01

12

Proc ACUN-5 "Developments in Composites: Advanced, Infrastructural, Natural and Nano-compsoites", UNSW, SYDNEY, Australia,  

E-print Network

Proc ACUN-5 "Developments in Composites: Advanced, Infrastructural, Natural and Nano-compsoites", UNSW, SYDNEY, Australia, 11-14 July 2006 High modulus carbon fiber materials for retrofit of steel_rizkalla@ncsu.edu Abstract This paper summarizes the research work dealing with the use of high modulus carbon fiber

13

Vegetation in the early landscape art of the Sydney region, Australia: accurate record or artistic licence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

With its relatively short European history, Australia's earliest paintings may provide information on both the pre?European landscape and changes since first settlement. The pictorial record is examined as historical documentation of natural landscape, particularly vegetation, by considering artistic depictions of the region around Sydney, New South Wales, from initial settlement in 1788 to the early 1850s. Critical comment relating to

Lynette C. McLoughlin

1999-01-01

14

Human–Possum Conflict in Urban Sydney, Australia: Public Perceptions and Implications for Species Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban development of the eastern seaboard of Australia has significantly increased human interaction with two native species, the brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) and ringtail possum (Pseudocheirus peregrinus). We distributed 500 self-administered questionnaires to residents of Mosman, Sydney to gather demographic information about residents, their experience with possum activity and their opinions of possums; 128 questionnaires were returned. Responses to 23

Nichola J. Hill; Kelly A. Carbery; Elizabeth M. Deane

2007-01-01

15

High-Resolution View of Fires and Smoke near Sydney, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Smoke obscures much of the landscape near Sydney, Australia, in the true-color image above (top). However, the areas with active fires are revealed by the false-color image (bottom), which was made using shortwave infrared data that are sensitive to heat and provide the ability to 'see' through smoke. In the bottom scene, the black areas show fresh burn scars, while greens show landscape untouched by fire. Apparently, the fire burned up to the edge of a road (the thin black line snaking from the lefthand side of the image and disappearing off the bottom) and was unable to jump across. The thick dark line along the bottom of the scene is a river. Both images were made using data acquired on December 28, 2001, by the Advanced Land Imager (ALI), flying aboard NASA's Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite. For more images of the recent fires in Australia, read Smoke Blankets New South Wales, Australia, Fires Continue to Rage Near Sydney, Australia, and Severe Bush Fires Near Sydney, Australia. For more information about the effects of fire on the environment, read the Biomass Burning fact sheet. Images by Robert Simmon, based on data provided by Lawrence Ong, EO-1 Science Team

2002-01-01

16

In The International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling (ICAPS 08), Sydney, Australia, September 14-18, 2008.  

E-print Network

In The International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling (ICAPS 08), Sydney, Australia this approach with a for- mulation based on the Continual Planning (CP) framework of Brenner and Nebel (2006

Wyatt, Jeremy

17

Scaling HIV vaccine attitudes among gay men in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

This study aimed to develop reliable scales of HIV vaccine attitudes. Gay men were recruited at the 2001 Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Fair Day, a large gay community gathering of thousands of people. A total of 776 participants completed a questionnaire containing 38 items about HIV vaccines. Factor analysis of the responses of 585 HIV-negative/untested men revealed four distinct factors (accounting cumulatively for 24.5% of the variance): I, Comfort with Participation in HIV Vaccine Trials, Cronbach alpha = 0.81; II, Confidence in HIV Vaccines/Vaccine Trials, Cronbach alpha = 0.71; III, Sexual Freedom, Cronbach alpha = 0.64; IV, Willingness to Participate in HIV Vaccine Trials, Cronbach alpha = 0.59. Of the HIV-negative/untested men, 162 (27.7%) were likely/very likely to volunteer for HIV vaccine trials, and 422 (72.3%) were unlikely/very unlikely to do so. As preliminary evidence of construct validity, the 162 men had a higher mean score on scale I (2.79), indicating greater comfort with trial participation than their 422 counterparts (2.47, p < 0.001). As preliminary evidence of concurrent validity, the 162 men had a higher mean score on scale IV (2.79), indicating greater willingness to participate than the rest (2.22, p < 0.001). Alongside HIV vaccine trials, these scales may be a useful adjunct to social research in gay communities; to monitor and be responsive to community concerns about HIV vaccine trials as well as their potential to undermine safe sex practices. PMID:12487804

Van De Ven, Paul; Bartholow, Bradford; Rawstorne, Patrick; Crawford, June; Kippax, Susan; Grulich, Andrew; Prestage, Garrett; Woodhouse, Michael; Murphy, Dean

2002-12-10

18

Spatial Distribution of Bulk Atmospheric Deposition of Heavy Metals in Metropolitan Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The detailed spatial distribution of atmospheric deposition flux of pollutants in metropolitan Sydney, Australia (ca. 480 km2) is investigated through the direct simultaneous sampling of bulk deposition adjacent to roads with various traffic volumes\\u000a and at background sites over a period of 1 year. Based on the field results and detailed land-use analyses, atmospheric deposition\\u000a rates of copper, lead and zinc are

Brett S. Davis; Gavin F. Birch

2011-01-01

19

Shooting Gallery Operation in the Context of Establishing a Medically Supervised Injecting Center: Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Shooting galleries (SGs) are illicit off-street spaces close to drug markets used for drug injection. Supervised injecting facilities (SIFs) are low threshold health services where injecting drug users (IDUs) can inject pre-obtained drugs under supervision. This study describes SG use in Kings Cross, Sydney before and after the opening of the Sydney Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC), Australia’s first SIF. Operational and environmental characteristics of SGs, reasons for SG use, and willingness to use MSIC were also examined. An exploratory survey of SG users (n?=?31), interviews with SG users (n?=?17), and drug workers (n?=?8), and counts of used needles routinely collected from SGs (6 months before and after MSIC) and visits to the MSIC (6 months after MSIC) were triangulated. We found five SGs operated during the study period. Key operational characteristics were 24-h operation, AUS$10 entry fee, 30-min time limit, and dual use for sex work. Key reasons for SG use were to avoid police, a preference not to inject in public, and assistance from SG operators in case of overdose. SG users reported high levels of willingness to use the MSIC. The number of used needles collected from SGs decreased by 69% (41,819 vs. 12,935) in the 6 months after MSIC opened, while MSIC visits increased incrementally. We conclude that injections were transferred from SGs to the MSIC, but SGs continued to accommodate injections and harm reduction outreach should be maintained. PMID:17273925

Dolan, Kate

2007-01-01

20

Impact of Urban Sprawl on Overweight, Obesity, and Physical Activity in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Obesity and inadequate physical activity are major risk factors for many diseases. The built environment plays an important role in influencing participation in physical activity. We aimed to determine whether urban sprawl in Sydney, Australia is associated with overweight/obesity and levels of physical activity. We used a cross-sectional multilevel study design to relate urban sprawl (based on population density) measured at an area level to overweight/obesity and levels of physical activity measured at an individual level whilst controlling for individual and area level covariates in metropolitan Sydney. Individual level data were obtained from the 2002 and 2003 New South Wales Population Health Survey. We had information on 7,290 respondents. The mean population density was 2,168 persons per square kilometer (standard deviation?=?1,741, range?=?218–7,045). After controlling for individual and area level covariates, for an inter-quartile increase in sprawl, the odds of being overweight was 1.26 (95% CI?=?1.10–1.44), the odds of being obese was 1.47 (95% CI?=?1.24–1.75), the odds of inadequate physical activity was 1.38 (95% CI?=?1.21–1.57), and the odds of not spending any time walking during the past week was 1.58 (95% CI?=?1.28–1.93). Living in more sprawling suburbs increases the risk of overweight/obesity and inadequate physical activity despite the relatively low levels of urban sprawl in metropolitan Sydney. Modifications to the urban environment to increase physical activity may be worthwhile. PMID:19052877

Garden, Frances L.

2008-01-01

21

Sydney, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image was acquired on October 12, 2002 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18,1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, along-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth's land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

Size: 42 x 32 km (25.1 x 19.2 miles) Location: 33.7 deg. South lat., 151.4 deg. East long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER bands 1,2, and 3. Original Data Resolution: 15 m Date Acquired: October 12, 2001

2002-01-01

22

Symmetry within and between solutions NICTA and University of NSW, Sydney, Australia, email: toby.walsh@nicta.com.au  

E-print Network

Symmetry within and between solutions Toby Walsh NICTA and University of NSW, Sydney, Australia, email: toby.walsh@nicta.com.au Abstract. Symmetry can be used to help solve many problems. For instance, Einstein's famous 1905 paper ("On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies") uses symmetry to help derive

Walsh, Toby

23

Metal accumulation in the greentail prawn, Metapenaeus bennettae, in Sydney and Port Hacking estuaries, Australia.  

PubMed

Metal concentrations of the inshore greentail prawn, Metapenaeus bennettae, and surface sediments from locations within Sydney estuary and Port Hacking (Australia) were assessed for bioaccumulation and contamination. The current study aimed to assess metal concentrations in prawn tissue (tail muscle, exoskeleton, hepatopancreas and gills), relate whole body prawn tissue metal concentrations to sediment metal concentrations and animal size, as well as assess prawn consumption as a risk to human health. Metal concentrations were highest in sediment and prawns from contaminated locations (Iron Cove, Hen and Chicken Bay and Lane Cove) in Sydney estuary compared with the reference estuary (Port Hacking). Concentrations in sediments varied considerably between sites and between metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn), and although concentrations exceeded Interim Sediment Quality Guideline-Low values, metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) were below Australian National Health and Medical Research Council human consumption guidelines in prawn tail muscle tissue. Metal concentrations in prawn tail muscle tissue were significantly different (p???0.05) amongst locations for Pb, Zn and Cd, and metal concentrations were generally highest in gills tissue, followed by the hepatopancreas, exoskeleton and tail muscle. The exoskeleton contained the highest Sr concentration; the hepatopancreas contained the highest As, Cu and Mo concentrations; and the gills contained the highest Al, Cr, Fe and Pb concentrations. Concentrations of Pb, As and Sr were significantly different (p???0.05) between size groups amongst locations. PMID:23852467

Lewtas, K L M; Birch, G F; Foster-Thorpe, C

2014-01-01

24

Tuffaceous deposition in the Newcastle Coal Measures: challenging existing concepts of peat formation in the Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Late Permian Newcastle Coal Measures of the northern Sydney Basin, Australia, contain numerous volcanic ash deposits occurring as both interseam tuffs and intraseam tonsteins. These tuffaceous units have been used to correlate seams of the Newcastle Coal Measures with the stratigraphically equivalent Wollombi Coal Measures in the adjacent Hunter Coalfield. Such correlations across the width of the northern Sydney

Michael Creech

2002-01-01

25

Catchment condition as a major control on the quality of receiving basin sediments (Sydney Harbour, Australia).  

PubMed

The current work aimed to compile existing information to better understand the source, fate and effects of metallic contaminants in one catchment-receiving basin system (Iron Cove) in Sydney Harbour (Australia). Copper, Pb and Zn concentrations of potential source materials, i.e. soils (mean 62, 410 and 340 microg g(-1), respectively) and road dust (mean 160, 490 and 520 microg g(-1), respectively) and in materials being transported to the estuary, i.e. in gully pots (mean 110, 200 and 260 microg g(-1) for Cu, Pb, and Zn, respectively), in bedload (mean 210, 880 and 1700 microg g(-1), respectively) and particulates in canals draining the catchment (mean 325, 290 and 1865 microg g(-1), respectively) were highly enriched. Estuarine sediments in the receiving basin are enriched 20 times over pre-anthropogenic concentrations and are toxic to benthic animals at the canal mouths. Stormwater remediation is required to reduce metal loads to the adjacent estuary. PMID:19211135

Birch, G F; McCready, S

2009-04-01

26

Cardiovascular risk factors among Arabic?speaking patients attending Arabic?speaking general practitioners in Sydney, Australia: Opportunities for intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Australia has a high rate of cardiovascular disease mortality and also a significant proportion of migrants. Little is known about the morbidity experience or cardiovascular risk factors among the larger migrant groups, and this is especially true of the Arabic?speaking population.Objectives. The objectives of the study were to identify the health profile of Arabic?speaking people in Sydney, Australia, to

Chris Rissel; Margaret Lesjak; Jeanette Ward

1998-01-01

27

Laudatio of professor Sydney Brenner  

E-print Network

Laudatio of professor Sydney Brenner as Doctor Honoris Causa, by Miguel Beato, Fernando Giráldez, Cristina Pujades and Jaume Bertranpetit 3rd of April 2014 #12;Sydney Brenner's contribution to molecular biology It is a real pleasure and a great honor to introduce to you Sydney Brenner in the context of his

Geffner, Hector

28

Effectiveness of remediation of metal-contaminated mangrove sediments (Sydney estuary, Australia).  

PubMed

Industrial activities and urbanization have had a major consequence for estuarine ecosystem health and water quality globally. Likewise, Sydney estuary has been significantly impacted by widespread, poor industrial practices in the past, and remediation of legacy contaminants have been undertaken in limited parts of this waterway. The objective of the present investigation was to determine the effectiveness of remediation of a former Pb-contaminated industrial site in Homebush Bay on Sydney estuary (Australia) through sampling of inter-tidal sediments and mangrove (Avicennia marina) tissue (fine nutritive roots, pneumatophores, and leaves). Results indicate that since remediation 6 years previously, Pb and other metals (Cu, Ni and Zn) in surficial sediment have increased to concentrations that approach pre-remediation levels and that they were considerably higher than pre-settlement levels (3-30 times), as well as at the reference site. Most metals were compartmentalized in fine nutritive roots with bio-concentration factors greater than unity, while tissues of pneumatophores and leaves contained low metal concentrations. Lead concentrations in fine nutritive root, pneumatophore, and leaf tissue of mangroves from the remediated site were similar to trees in un-remediated sites of the estuary and were substantially higher than plants at the reference site. The situation for Zn in fine nutritive root tissue was similar. The source of the metals was either surface/subsurface water from the catchment or more likely remobilized contaminated sediment from un-remediated parts of Homebush Bay. Results of this study demonstrate the problems facing management in attempting to reduce contamination in small parts of a large impacted area to concentrations below local base level. PMID:25404497

Birch, Gavin; Nath, Bibhash; Chaudhuri, Punarbasu

2014-11-18

29

5 for Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ASE has a long history of sending students to the International Science School (ISS), having been doing so since 1968. The ISS is a free science education programme run biennially by the Science Foundation for Physics at the University of Sydney. ASE's role is to select the students and organise funding to enable the students and escorts to…

Berry, Bryan

2010-01-01

30

Vertical Hydrochemical Zonation in a Coastal Section of the Botany Sands Aquifer, Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Near Sydney, Australia, unconsolidated aeolian and alluvial sediments of Quaternary age form the Botany Sands aquifer and lie unconformably on Triassic-age sandstone (Narrabeen Group). Botany Bay is an inlet of the Pacific Ocean about 10 km south of the city centre. Reclamation of the northern foreshore of Botany Bay commenced in 1979. One impact of this reclamation was to move the saline interface in the aquifer southward. In 1993, a multi-level piezometer and a cored borehole were installed at a location coincident with the foreshore position, prior to reclamation. Analysis of data from this site indicates that distinctive hydrochemical zonation now exists within the aquifer. Southward-flowing groundwater has removed the saline water from the upper 24 m of the sand column. Below this depth, peat beds occur that appear to form the base of active aquifer flushing. Groundwater from beneath the peat beds has the chemical characteristics of partially flushed sea water. At a depth interval of 14-21 m, a contaminant plume has been identified; its probable source is a non-putrescible landfill, about 2.5 km up the groundwater gradient.

Lavitt, N.; Acworth, R. I.; Jankowski, J.

1997-02-01

31

Paleothermometry of the Sydney Basin  

SciTech Connect

Evidence from overprinting of magnetizations of Late Permian and Mesozoic rocks and from the rank of Permian coals and Mesozoic phytoclasts (coal particles) suggests that surface rocks in the Sydney Basin, eastern Australia, have been raised to temperatures of the order of 200 /sup 0/C or higher. As vitrinite reflectance, an index of coal rank or coalification, is postulated to vary predictably with temperature and time, estimates of the paleotemperatures in the Sydney Basin based on observed vitrinite reflectance measurements can be made in conjunction with reasonable assumptions about the tectonic and thermal histories of the basin. These estimates give maximum paleotemperatures of present day surface rocks in the range 60--249 /sup 0/C, depending on factors such as location in the basin, the thickness of the sediment eroded, and the maximum paleogeothermal gradient. Higher coal rank and, consequently, larger eroded thicknesses and paleogeothermal gradients occur along the eastern edge of the basin and may be related to seafloor spreading in the Tasman Sea on the basin's eastern margin. A theory of thermal activation of magnetization entailing the dependence of magnetic viscosity on the size distribution of the magnetic grains is used to obtain an independent estimate of the maximum paleotemperatures in the Sydney Basin. This estimate places the maximum paleotemperature in the range 250--300 /sup 0/C along the coastal region. Both coalification and thermal activation of magnetization models provide strong evidence of elevated paleotemperatures, which in places exceed 200 /sup 0/C, and the loss of sediment thicknesses in excess of 1 km due to erosion.

Middleton, M.F.; Schmidt, P.W.

1982-07-10

32

Modeling of a lot scale rainwater tank system in XP-SWMM: a case study in Western Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Lot scale rainwater tank system modeling is often used in sustainable urban storm water management, particularly to estimate the reduction in the storm water run-off and pollutant wash-off at the lot scale. These rainwater tank models often cannot be adequately calibrated and validated due to limited availability of observed rainwater tank quantity and quality data. This paper presents calibration and validation of a lot scale rainwater tank system model using XP-SWMM utilizing data collected from two rainwater tank systems located in Western Sydney, Australia. The modeling considers run-off peak and volume in and out of the rainwater tank system and also a number of water quality parameters (Total Phosphorus (TP), Total Nitrogen (TN) and Total Solids (TS)). It has been found that XP-SWMM can be used successfully to develop a lot scale rainwater system model within an acceptable error margin. It has been shown that TP and TS can be predicted more accurately than TN using the developed model. In addition, it was found that a significant reduction in storm water run-off discharge can be achieved as a result of the rainwater tank up to about one year average recurrence interval rainfall event. The model parameter set assembled in this study can be used for developing lot scale rainwater tank system models at other locations in the Western Sydney region and in other parts of Australia with necessary adjustments for the local site characteristics. PMID:24835081

van der Sterren, Marlène; Rahman, Ataur; Ryan, Garry

2014-08-01

33

Promoting physical activity in women: evaluation of a 2-year community-based intervention in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Women are less likely than men to reach recommended levels of physical activity and have unequal access to active leisure time. Studies in Australia have consistently found that women are only half as likely as men to be adequately active. A community-based multi-strategic health promotion intervention, 'Concord, A Great Place to be Active', was implemented from 1997 to 1999. It aimed to increase the physical activity levels of women aged 20-50 years living in the Concord Local Government Area (LGA), an inner-western region of Sydney, Australia. A key feature of this intervention was a partnership between Concord Council (the local government) and the Central Sydney Health Promotion Unit (CSHPU). The project was evaluated using qualitative and quantitative methods. Key informant interviews and focus groups were conducted to inform the development of the intervention and to assess the impact of the project on Concord Council. Pre- and post-intervention telephone surveys of the target group were also conducted. Following the intervention, there was a statistically significant (6.4%) reduction in the proportion of sedentary women. Further, there were a number of positive enhancements in the Council's capacity to promote physical activity in the community. These findings demonstrate that a community-based intervention targeting a specific population can achieve positive changes in physical activity and that a local government has the capacity to be involved in and sustain physical activity interventions. PMID:11986294

Wen, Li Ming; Thomas, Margaret; Jones, Helen; Orr, Neil; Moreton, Renee; King, Lesley; Hawe, Penny; Bindon, Jeni; Humphries, Jenni; Schicht, Karin; Corne, Shauna; Bauman, Adrian

2002-06-01

34

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 329-331.  

E-print Network

to the emergence of a global culture mediated by satellites, television, Internet, and the Web. This cultureC. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 329-331. PANEL: GLOBAL CULTURE, LOCAL CULTURE, AND VERNACULAR

Thomas, Richard C.

35

Bushfire risk at the urban interface estimated from historical weather records: consequences for the use of prescribed fire in the Sydney region of south-eastern Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The urban\\/bushland interface around Sydney in south-eastern Australia is extensive. A history of destructive bushfires has led to intensive management of fuel at this interface. Prescribed burning is the major management technique. The rationale is to manipulate fuel so that the intensity of unplanned fires is reduced to a level where suppression is possible at the urban interface. Managers are

R. A. Bradstock; A. M. Gill; B. J. Kenny; J. Scott

1998-01-01

36

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 1-17.  

E-print Network

'98, University of Sydney, Australia, 1-17. FIRST LOOKS: CATAC'98 CHARLES ESS Drury College, USA. This ancient Stoic conception finds powerful expression in the contemporary vision of `the electronic global of this digital future in which everyone everywhere will be able to `talk' to everyone everywhere

Thomas, Richard C.

37

A Sydney proteome story.  

PubMed

This is the story of the experience of a multidisciplinary group at Macquarie University in Sydney as we participated in, and impacted upon, major currents that washed through protein science as the field of Proteomics emerged. The large scale analysis of proteins became possible. This is not a history of the field. Instead we have tried to encapsulate the stimulating personal ride we had transiting from conventional academe, to a Major National Research Facility, to the formation of Proteomics company Proteome Systems Ltd. There were lots of blind alleys, wrong directions, but we also got some things right and our efforts, along with those of many other groups around the world, did change the face of protein science. While the transformation is by no means yet complete, protein science is very different from the field in the 1990s. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: 20years of Proteomics in memory of Viatliano Pallini. Guest Editors: Luca Bini, Juan J. Calvete, Natacha Turck, Denis Hochstrasser and Jean-Charles Sanchez. PMID:24735915

Williams, Keith L; Gooley, Andrew A; Wilkins, Marc R; Packer, Nicolle H

2014-07-31

38

Sydney Catchment Authority Managing Biodiversity in the Sydney Water  

E-print Network

Commission · Sunraysia Rural Water Authority · Sydney Catchment Authority · University of Canberra Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology Ph: 02 6201 5168 Fax: 02 6201 5038 Email: pa@lake.canberra.edu.au http://freshwater.canberra.edu.au ISBN 1 876810 54 8 #12;CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION

Canberra, University of

39

Predictors of frequent use of amphetamine type stimulants among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Rates of use of amphetamine type stimulants among gay men have raised questions about the role of these drugs in increases in HIV infections and risk behaviour, but the role risk behaviours play with regard to illicit drug use within this population has not been investigated. Method Health in Men (HIM) is a cohort of 1427 HIV-negative men in Sydney, Australia. All participants undergo annual face-to-face interviews. We examined onset of use of methamphetamine and of ecstasy (MDMA) after their baseline interview. Results Among baseline non-frequent users who completed an annual follow-up interview, 67 commenced at least weekly use of ecstasy, while 71 commenced at least weekly use of methamphetamine. Factors independently associated with commencing more frequent use of these drugs included being younger, greater involvement in gay social life, and having engaged in unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners. Conclusons The transition from non- or less frequent drug use to more frequent drug use may be associated with changes in sexual behaviour. While it may be true that illicit drug use leads to unsafe sexual behaviour, it is equally true that illicit drugs are used to enhance sexual performance and pleasure. The relationship is bidirectional and complex and must be understood within the contexts of particular sexual sub-cultural practices: Engaging in sexual risk behaviour may be an indicator of future drug use as much as the reverse. PMID:17640831

Prestage, Garrett; Degenhardt, Louisa; Jin, Fengyi; Grulich, Andrew; Imrie, John; Kaldor, John; Kippax, Susan

2009-01-01

40

Induction of resistance to S. aureus in an environmental marine biofilm grown in Sydney Harbor, NSW, Australia.  

PubMed

The study of environmental biofilms is complicated by the difficulty of working with them under lab conditions. Nonetheless, knowledge of cellular activity and interactions within environmental biofilms could lead to novel biomedical applications. To address this problem we previously proposed a new technique for inducing resistance to Staphylococcus aureus in an intact environmental biofilm. In the current follow-up study we applied the new technique in a biogeographically distinct environment using a different strain of S. aureus. The proposed technique for inducing resistance to S. aureus in an environmental biofilm involves growing the environmental biofilms over several days in media reflecting their natural habitat on agar that contains spent culture supernatant from S. aureus over-night culture. We found in this second study that it was possible to induce resistance to S. aureus in an environmental biofilm from a biogeographically distinct environment, though not in the same way as we had previously observed. Environmental consortia from Sydney Harbor, Australia display an ability to inhibit biofilm formation by S. aureus; only in the case where the environmental biofilms were pretreated with UV radiation was there a difference in activity between environmental consortia grown on plain agar, and that grown on S. aureus agar. Application of the new technique in the current study also differs in that significant killing of cells within an established S. aureus biofilm by environmental consortia grown on S. aureus agar was possible. PMID:25526959

Lafleur, John E; Rice, Scott A

2015-02-01

41

TAFE NSW -Sydney Institute, College Libraries TAFE NSW -Sydney Institute College Libraries provide services,  

E-print Network

TAFE NSW - Sydney Institute, College Libraries TAFE NSW - Sydney Institute College Libraries link directly to the online TAFE NSW Library Network Catalogue (TAFEcat) to search for items in any of the Sydney Institute college libraries. http://tafecat.tafensw.edu.au/tafecat.html 5 Easy Steps to apply

University of Technology, Sydney

42

Thermal history and geological controls on the distribution of coal seam gases in the southern Sydney Basin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coal seams of the southern Sydney Basin contain large volumes of gas, mainly methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (C02) with subordinate volumes of longer chain hydrocarbons (C2+) and nitrogen (Nz). Data from exploration boreholes, underground mines and laboratory sorption-desorption tests are used to investigate the composition and distribution of gases in the coal seams. The influences of thermal history, coal

Mohinudeen Mohamed Faiz

1993-01-01

43

A comparison of blood toxicology of heroin-related deaths and current heroin users in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blood toxicology results for deaths attributed to heroin overdose during 1995 in the South Western Sydney (SWS) region (n=39) were compared with those of a sample of 100 current SWS heroin users who had injected within the preceding 24 h. Heroin-related deaths had a higher median concentration of morphine than current heroin users (0.35 versus 0.09 mg\\/l). However, there was

Shane Darke; Sandra Sunjic; Deborah Zador; Tania Prolov

1997-01-01

44

Possible Biological Significance of Contaminated Sediments in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comprehensive investigations of estuaries incentral New South Wales has identified Port Jackson as themost contaminated waterway on the eastern seaboard ofAustralia. Extensive areas of the estuary are mantled insediment containing high concentrations of a large range ofmetallic and organic contaminants. Although extensive, thisdatabase does not provide an effective basis for determiningthe potential adverse effects of chemicals on livingresources. In the

Gavin Birch; Stuart Taylor

2002-01-01

45

Attitudes to Multicultural Values in Diverse Spaces in Australia's Immigrant Cities, Sydney and Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australia has in the past decade seen a decline in political support for multicultural values. However, public opinion on multiculturalism is contradictory rather than antipathetic: strong levels of support for cultural diversity co-exist with anti-multicultural attitudes. Some of this variation relates to compositional or socio-demographic (aspatial) associations, but in addition to these we identify an important spatial context to views

James Forrest; Kevin Dunn

2010-01-01

46

Water-saving impacts of Smart Meter technology: An empirical 5 year, whole-of-community study in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

2009-2010 Sydney Water, the primary water utility in Sydney, conducted a comprehensive Smart Metering trial in residential homes in the suburb of Westleigh, in Sydney's north. The trial involved 1923 participants residing in 630 households. A whole-of-community method of engagement was applied to capture the views of residents from 12 to 70+ years of age. The trial examined the effects of the technology on the water consumption of an intervention group compared with that of a matched control group. After removing properties that had been sold since the beginning of the trial, properties in the study group were matched with a control group property on the basis of the household size, property size and the presence (or otherwise) of a swimming pool. The effects of the technology on consumption were measured and analyzed for the period July 2009 to June 2010, coupled with qualitative information that was collected throughout the duration of the study. A key finding was that households with the in-home display (IHD) installed, reduced their consumption by an average of over 6.8% over the study period when compared to the control group. Since completion of the study the community has not had any further interventions. The trial created an opportunity to examine the longer-term effects of the technology (June 2008 to September 2013). Consumption data collected over the 3 year posttrial period revealed that the participant group consumed 6.4% per month less water when compared to the pretrial period, whilst the matched control group consumed 1.3% per month more water when compared to the pretrial period. The reduced consumption of the participant group was maintained over time, demonstrating the long-term value of this technology.

Davies, Kirsten; Doolan, Corinna; van den Honert, Robin; Shi, Rose

2014-09-01

47

Possible biological significance of contaminated sediments in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Comprehensive investigations of estuaries in central New South Wales has identified Port Jackson as the most contaminated waterway on the eastern seaboard of Australia. Extensive areas of the estuary are mantled in sediment containing high concentrations of a large range of metallic and organic contaminants. Although extensive, this database does not provide an effective basis for determining the potential adverse effects of chemicals on living resources. In the absence of any ecotoxicological information, the recently published (1999) draft Australian and New Zealand Environmental and Conservation Council (ANZECC) sediment quality guidelines have been used to assess possible adverse biological effects of these toxicants. The ANZECC guidelines use the lower effects range of the widely used U. S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scheme to identify potentially contaminated sediment and as a threshold to trigger for additional investigative work. This guideline level has been used in the current study to assess possible toxicity of contaminated sediments in Port Jackson. It is estimated that sediments in approximately 26% of the estuary, mainly the upper parts of the harbour and much of the central harbour, have a 67% probability of being toxic. Sediments in the central harbour and a major tributary, the Middle Harbour, comprising about 40% of the estuary, have a 13 to 25% probability of toxicity. All sediments in the harbour, except at the mouth of the estuary, would require additional environmental assessment based on the proposed draft ANZECC sediment quality guidelines. PMID:12180655

Birch, Gavin; Taylor, Stuart

2002-07-01

48

The exposure of Sydney (Australia) to earthquake-generated tsunamis, storms and sea level rise: a probabilistic multi-hazard approach.  

PubMed

Approximately 85% of Australia's population live along the coastal fringe, an area with high exposure to extreme inundations such as tsunamis. However, to date, no Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessments (PTHA) that include inundation have been published for Australia. This limits the development of appropriate risk reduction measures by decision and policy makers. We describe our PTHA undertaken for the Sydney metropolitan area. Using the NOAA NCTR model MOST (Method for Splitting Tsunamis), we simulate 36 earthquake-generated tsunamis with annual probabilities of 1:100, 1:1,000 and 1:10,000, occurring under present and future predicted sea level conditions. For each tsunami scenario we generate a high-resolution inundation map of the maximum water level and flow velocity, and we calculate the exposure of buildings and critical infrastructure. Results indicate that exposure to earthquake-generated tsunamis is relatively low for present events, but increases significantly with higher sea level conditions. The probabilistic approach allowed us to undertake a comparison with an existing storm surge hazard assessment. Interestingly, the exposure to all the simulated tsunamis is significantly lower than that for the 1:100 storm surge scenarios, under the same initial sea level conditions. The results have significant implications for multi-risk and emergency management in Sydney. PMID:25492514

Dall'Osso, F; Dominey-Howes, D; Moore, C; Summerhayes, S; Withycombe, G

2014-01-01

49

The exposure of Sydney (Australia) to earthquake-generated tsunamis, storms and sea level rise: a probabilistic multi-hazard approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Approximately 85% of Australia's population live along the coastal fringe, an area with high exposure to extreme inundations such as tsunamis. However, to date, no Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessments (PTHA) that include inundation have been published for Australia. This limits the development of appropriate risk reduction measures by decision and policy makers. We describe our PTHA undertaken for the Sydney metropolitan area. Using the NOAA NCTR model MOST (Method for Splitting Tsunamis), we simulate 36 earthquake-generated tsunamis with annual probabilities of 1:100, 1:1,000 and 1:10,000, occurring under present and future predicted sea level conditions. For each tsunami scenario we generate a high-resolution inundation map of the maximum water level and flow velocity, and we calculate the exposure of buildings and critical infrastructure. Results indicate that exposure to earthquake-generated tsunamis is relatively low for present events, but increases significantly with higher sea level conditions. The probabilistic approach allowed us to undertake a comparison with an existing storm surge hazard assessment. Interestingly, the exposure to all the simulated tsunamis is significantly lower than that for the 1:100 storm surge scenarios, under the same initial sea level conditions. The results have significant implications for multi-risk and emergency management in Sydney.

Dall'Osso, F.; Dominey-Howes, D.; Moore, C.; Summerhayes, S.; Withycombe, G.

2014-12-01

50

The exposure of Sydney (Australia) to earthquake-generated tsunamis, storms and sea level rise: a probabilistic multi-hazard approach  

PubMed Central

Approximately 85% of Australia's population live along the coastal fringe, an area with high exposure to extreme inundations such as tsunamis. However, to date, no Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessments (PTHA) that include inundation have been published for Australia. This limits the development of appropriate risk reduction measures by decision and policy makers. We describe our PTHA undertaken for the Sydney metropolitan area. Using the NOAA NCTR model MOST (Method for Splitting Tsunamis), we simulate 36 earthquake-generated tsunamis with annual probabilities of 1:100, 1:1,000 and 1:10,000, occurring under present and future predicted sea level conditions. For each tsunami scenario we generate a high-resolution inundation map of the maximum water level and flow velocity, and we calculate the exposure of buildings and critical infrastructure. Results indicate that exposure to earthquake-generated tsunamis is relatively low for present events, but increases significantly with higher sea level conditions. The probabilistic approach allowed us to undertake a comparison with an existing storm surge hazard assessment. Interestingly, the exposure to all the simulated tsunamis is significantly lower than that for the 1:100 storm surge scenarios, under the same initial sea level conditions. The results have significant implications for multi-risk and emergency management in Sydney. PMID:25492514

Dall'Osso, F.; Dominey-Howes, D.; Moore, C.; Summerhayes, S.; Withycombe, G.

2014-01-01

51

Summer Games Underway in Sydney  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Friday, nearly 11,000 athletes from 200 countries strode into the newly built Olympic Stadium in Sydney to open the 2000 Olympic Summer Games. Watched by a crowd of 110,000 and an estimated television audience this evening in the billions, the ceremony was filled with pomp, ceremony, fireworks, dancing, and everything else that might be expected. While due attention has been paid to the various elements of the ceremony and the athletes, press coverage has focused on two events at the opening. First, athletes from North and South Korea marched into the stadium under one unification banner to a standing ovation. Second, the Olympic flame was lit by Australian Olympian Cathy Freeman, who is of aboriginal descent. Preliminary events have already begun, and the games will continue until October 1.

De Nie, Michael W.

52

Interpretation at Wetland Sites in the Sydney Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpretive and educational facilities at five wetland sites near Sydney (Australia) were studied to determine their goals, range of facilities and activities, and themes related to wetlands and their conservation covered in informal visitor programs and formal education programs for school groups. Program objectives and activities were generally…

Chadhokar, Yojana; McLoughlin, Lynette C.

1999-01-01

53

GENEVA HARVARD RENMIN SYDNEY LAW FACULTY CONFERENCE  

E-print Network

GENEVA ­ HARVARD ­ RENMIN ­ SYDNEY LAW FACULTY CONFERENCE 14-16 January 2013Wednesday, January 16th and Thirteenth-Century England: Blurring the Public-Private Distinction 10:30 Renmin: HAN Dayuan The Protection

Halazonetis, Thanos

54

Dynamics of Appearance and Expansion of a Prolyliminopeptidase- Negative Subtype among Neisseria gonorrhoeae Isolates Collected in Sydney, Australia, from 2002 to 2005  

PubMed Central

Recent studies have demonstrated a wide geographic circulation of isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae that fail to produce prolyliminopeptidase (PIP). Tests based on the production of this enzyme are important elements of a number of identification systems for gonococci. We documented the appearance, expansion, and contraction of subtypes of 165 PIP-negative gonococci detected in an extended and systematic sample of the 3,926 N. gonorrhoeae isolates collected in Sydney, Australia, from July 2002 to September 2005. Their appearance, peak, and decline followed an “epidemic” curve. At the peak of their prevalence in 2003, PIP-negative gonococci comprised 22% of all isolates. Closely related phenotypes accounted for 162/165 of the PIP-negative gonococci. Algorithms for confirmation of N. gonorrhoeae should take account of the temporal and geographic variability of gonococci by utilizing two or more distinct confirmatory methods. PMID:16597868

Limnios, E. Athena; Nguyen, Nhu-Lan; Ray, Sanghamitra; McIver, Christopher J.; Tapsall, John W.

2006-01-01

55

Ethnomedicine and dominant medicine in multicultural Australia: a critical realist reflection on the case of Korean-Australian immigrants in Sydney  

PubMed Central

Background Viewed through the micro focus of an interpretive lens, medical anthropology remains mystified because interpretivist explanations seriously downplay the given context in which individual health seeking-behaviours occur. This paper draws upon both the interpretivist and political economy perspectives to reflect on the ethno medical practices within the Korean-Australian community in Sydney. Methods We draw on research data collected between 1995 and 1997 for an earlier study of the use of biomedical and traditional medicine by Korean-Australians in Sydney. A total of 120 interviews were conducted with a range of participants, including biomedical doctors, traditional health professionals, Korean community leaders and Korean migrants representing a range of socio-economic backgrounds and migration patterns. Results and Discussion First, the paper highlights the extent to which the social location of migrants in a host society alters or restructures their initial cultural practices they bring with them. Second, taking hanbang medicine in the Korean-Australian community as an illustrative case, the paper explores the transformation of the dominant biomedicine in Australia as a result of the influx of ethnomedicine in the era of global capitalism and global movement. Conclusion In seeking to explain the popularity and supply of alternative health care, it is important to go beyond the culture of each kind of health care itself and to take into consideration the changes occurring at societal, national and global levels as well as consequential individual response to the changes. New social conditions influence the choice of health care methods, including herbal/alternative medicine, health foods and what are often called New Age therapies. PMID:17201916

Han, Gil-Soo; Ballis, Harry

2007-01-01

56

Notre Dame WYD Pilgrims share their journey with Sydney Campus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Staff and students from The University of Notre Dame Australia, Sydney Campus gathered for Mass and a barbecue lunch to welcome home the World Youth Day pilgrims.\\u000aSome of the students who made the journey took the opportunity to share their testimonies from the road to Madrid.\\u000aThe presentations were kicked off by pilgrim Jessica Nohra, whose journey down Mount

Elizabeth Fenech

2011-01-01

57

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL  

E-print Network

transportation system. As such, the demand for transport planners, transport policy makers and traffic managersTHE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL The Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies (ITLS) is a world-leading establishment in the field of Transport Planning and Management. It offers masters level

Viglas, Anastasios

58

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, SYDNEY PRIVACY MANAGEMENT PLAN  

E-print Network

1 UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, SYDNEY PRIVACY MANAGEMENT PLAN Title: A Management Plan to comply a Privacy Management Plan in operation by the effective date. A Plan is a statement of how the agency storage (such as paper files) but also electronic records, video recordings, biometric information

University of Technology, Sydney

59

Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami - an application of the revised Papathoma Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment (PTVA-3) Model in Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009a, b) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience. Last, we propose the wider application of the PTVA-3 Model as a tool for building vulnerability assessment. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009a). A revised (PTVA) model for assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 1557-1565. Dall'Osso, D., Gonella, M., Gabbianelli, G., Withycombe, G. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2009b). Assessment of the vulnerability of buildings to damage from tsunami (in Sydney). Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, 2015-2026.

Dominey-Howes, Dale; Dall'Osso, Fillippo; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.

2010-05-01

60

Ethnomedicine and dominant medicine in multicultural Australia: a critical realist reflection on the case of Korean-Australian immigrants in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Viewed through the micro focus of an interpretive lens, medical anthropology remains mystified because interpretivist explanations seriously downplay the given context in which individual health seeking-behaviours occur. This paper draws upon both the interpretivist and political economy perspectives to reflect on the ethno medical practices within the Korean-Australian community in Sydney. METHODS: We draw on research data collected between

Gil-Soo Han; Harry Ballis

2007-01-01

61

The Impact of Advanced Nowcasting Systems on Severe Weather Warning during the Sydney 2000 Forecast Demonstration Project: 3 November 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the principal aims of the Sydney 2000 Forecast Demonstration Project was to assess the utility of advanced nowcasting systems to operational severe weather forecasters. This paper describes the application of the products of a variety of systems by forecasters during a severe weather event in Sydney, Australia, on 3 November 2000. During this day a severe storm developed

Neil I. Fox; Rob Webb; John Bally; Michael W. Sleigh; Clive E. Pierce; David M. L. Sills; Paul I. Joe; James Wilson; Chris G. Collier

2004-01-01

62

How can investment in the landscape or the interface reduce the risk of house loss from wildfires? A comparative study between Sydney, Australia and California, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wildfire can result in significant losses to people and property. Management agencies undertake a range of actions in the landscape and at the interface to reduce this risk. Data relating to the success of individual treatments varies, with some approaches well understood and others less so. Research has rarely attempted to consider the interactive effects of treatments in order to determine optimal management strategies that reduce the risk of loss. Bayesian Networks provide a statistical framework for undertaking such an analysis. Here we apply Bayesian Networks to examine the trade-offs in investment in preventative actions (e.g., fuel treatment, community education, development controls) and suppressive actions (e.g., initial attack, landscape suppression, property protection) in two fire prone regions -Sydney, Australia and California, USA. Investment in management actions at the interface resulted in the greatest reduction in the risk of house loss for both of the study regions. Landscape treatments had a limited ability to change the risk of house loss.

Penman, Trent; Bradstock, Ross; Collins, Luke; Fotheringham, Cj; Keeley, Jon; Labiosa, Bill; Price, Owen; Syphard, Alex

2013-04-01

63

Is there a role for workplaces in reducing employees' driving to work? Findings from a cross-sectional survey from inner-west Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background The role of workplaces in promoting active travel (walking, cycling or using public transport) is relatively unexplored. This study explores the potential for workplaces to reduce employees' driving to work in order to inform the development of workplace interventions for promoting active travel. Methods An analysis of a cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from parents/guardians whose children participated in the Central Sydney Walk to School Program in inner-west Sydney, Australia. A total of 888 parents/guardians who were employed and worked outside home were included in this analysis. The role of the workplace in regards to active travel was assessed by asking the respondents' level of agreement to eight statements including workplace encouragement of active travel, flexible working hours, public transport availability, convenient parking, shower and change rooms for employees and whether they lived or worked in a safe place. Self-reported main mode of journey to work and demographic data were collected through a self-administrated survey. Binary logistic regression modelling was used to ascertain independent predictors of driving to work. Results Sixty nine per cent of respondents travelled to work by car, and 19% agreed with the statement, "My workplace encourages its employees to go to and from work by public transport, cycling and/or walking (active travel)." The survey respondents with a workplace encouraging active travel to work were significantly less likely to drive to work (49%) than those without this encouragement (73%) with an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of 0.41 (95% CI 0.23-0.73, P = 0.002). Having convenient public transport close to the workplace or home was also an important factor that could discourage employees from driving to work with AOR 0.17 (95% CI 0.09-0.31, P < 0.0001) and AOR 0.50 (95% CI 0.28-0.90, P = 0.02) respectively. In contrast, convenient parking near the workplace significantly increased the likelihood of respondents driving to work (AOR 4.6, 95% CI 2.8-7.4, P < 0.0001). Conclusions There is a significant inverse association between the perception of workplace encouragement for active travel and driving to work. Increases in the number of workplaces that encourage their employees to commute to work via active travel could potentially lead to fewer employees driving to work. In order to make active travel more appealing than driving to work, workplace interventions should consider developing supportive workplace policies and environments. PMID:20113527

2010-01-01

64

Experiences in managing problematic crystal methamphetamine use and associated depression in gay men and HIV positive men: in-depth interviews with general practitioners in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background This paper describes the experiences of Australian general practitioners (GPs) in managing problematic crystal methamphetamine (crystal meth) use among two groups of male patients: gay men and HIV positive men. Methods Semi-structured qualitative interviews with GPs with HIV medication prescribing rights were conducted in Sydney, Adelaide and a rural-coastal town in New South Wales between August and October 2006. Participants were recruited from practices with high caseloads of gay and HIV positive men. Results Sixteen GPs were recruited from seven practices to take part in interviews. Participants included 14 male GPs and two female GPs, and the number of years each had been working in HIV medicine ranged from two to 24. Eleven of the GPs who were based in Sydney raised the issue of problematic crystal meth use in these two patient populations. Five key themes were identified: an increasing problem; associations with depression; treatment challenges; health services and health care; workforce issues. Conclusion Despite study limitations, key implications can be identified. Health practitioners may benefit from broadening their understandings of how to anticipate and respond to problematic levels of crystal meth use in their patients. Early intervention can mitigate the impact of crystal meth use on co-morbid mental illness and other health issues. Management of the complex relationships between drug use, depression, sexuality and HIV can be addressed following a 'stepped care' approach. General practice guidelines for the management of crystal meth use problems should address specific issues associated with gay men and HIV positive men. GPs and other health practitioners must appreciate drug use as a social practice in order to build trust with gay men to encourage full disclosure of drug use. Education programs should train health practitioners in these issues, and increased resourcing provided to support the often difficult task of caring for people who use crystal meth. Greater resourcing of acute care and referral services can shift the burden away from primary care and community services. Further investigation should consider whether these findings are reproducible in other general practice settings, the relationship between depression, drug use and HIV medication, and challenges facing the HIV general practice workforce in Australia. PMID:18702829

Saltman, Deborah C; Newman, Christy E; Mao, Limin; Kippax, Susan C; Kidd, Michael R

2008-01-01

65

Short communication Phenoloxidase and QX disease resistance in Sydney rock oysters  

E-print Network

Short communication Phenoloxidase and QX disease resistance in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea October 2003 Abstract QX is a fatal disease in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) that results glomerata; Phenoloxidase; Disease resistance; Oyster 1. Introduction The Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea

Raftos, David

66

The media at Asilomar, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Manipulation>Revolution>putting it together Sydney Brenner on the Press at Asilomar Sydney Brenner talks about his suggestion that the Press switch off their tape recorders at Asilomar.

2008-10-06

67

Hailstones across the Greater Sydney Metropolitan Area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study addresses the recent climatology of hail occurrence in the Greater Metropolitan Severe Thunderstorm Warning Area (GMSTWA) of New South Wales, Australia, which is a sprawling suburban area, with a population of nearly 4.7 million and one of Australia's largest metropolis. The main objective is to highlight the recent temporal-spatial fluctuations of hailstone frequencies and magnitudes for each of recognized and vastly inhabited Local Government Areas (LGAs). The relevant hail event data from 1989 to 2013 were initially derived from the severe storm archive of Australian Bureau of Meteorology. A climatologically oriented GIS technique was applied in the examining and mapping procedure of all hail events and hail days reported throughout the study area. By applying a specific criterion, all severe hails (defined as 2 cm or more in diameter) were cautiously selected and then imported into the ArcGIS software for relevant analysis. Appropriate data layers were stored in a unique database to allow logical integration of the data directly into some geoprocessing functions, mainly for querying, analyzing and mapping purposes in a model-builder setting. The database includes 357 hailstones with sizes 2-11 cm and occurred in 169 hail days across the region during the past 25 years. The models have established that hailstones are neither temporally nor spatially uniform in magnitude throughout the study area. Temporal analysis indicated that most of hail events occurred predominately in the afternoons with peak time of 1-5 p.m. EST. They were particularly common in spring and summer, and reached maximum frequency in November and December. There was an average of 14.3 events each year, but a significant decreasing trend in terms of hail frequency and associated magnitude in the recent years has been identified. In turn, spatial models also established three main distribution patterns over the study area, which include the Sydney Metropolitan, coastal and pronounced topographic effects. Based on the understanding of the favorable factors for thunderstorm development in the GMSTWA, the potential impacts from climate variability and future climate change have been briefly discussed.

Rasuly, A. A.; Cheung, K. K. W.; McBurney, B.

2014-11-01

68

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in road-deposited sediments, water sediments, and soils in Sydney, Australia: Comparisons of concentration distribution, sources and potential toxicity.  

PubMed

Sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) considered as priority environmental pollutants were analysed in surface natural soils (NS), road-deposited sediments (RDS), and water sediments (WS) at Kogarah in Sydney, Australia. Comparisons were made of their concentration distributions, likely sources and potential toxicities. The concentrations (mg/kg) in NS, RDS, and WS ranged from 0.40 to 7.49 (mean 2.80), 1.65 to 4.00 (mean 2.91), and 0.49 to 5.19 (mean 1.76), respectively. PAHs were dominated by relatively high molecular weight compounds with more than three fused benzene rings, indicating that high temperature combustion processes were their predominant sources. The proportions of high molecular weight PAHs with five or six fused benzene rings were higher in NS than in RDS, whereas the low molecular weight PAHs were higher in RDS. Concentrations of all PAHs compounds were observed to be the lowest in WS. The concentrations of most of the high molecular weight PAHs significantly correlated with each other in RDS and WS. All PAHs (except naphthalene) were significantly correlated in NS suggesting a common PAH source. Ratios for individual diagnostic PAHs demonstrated that the primary source of PAHs in WS and NS was of pyrogenic origin (combustion of petroleum (vehicle exhaust), grass, and wood) while in RDS it was petrogenic (i.e. unburned or leaked fuel and oil, road asphalt, and tyre particles) as well as pyrogenic. The potential toxicities of PAHs calculated using a toxicity equivalent quotient (TEQ) were all low but higher for NS compared to WS and RDS. PMID:24732030

Nguyen, Thuy Chung; Loganathan, Paripurnanda; Nguyen, Tien Vinh; Vigneswaran, Saravanamuthu; Kandasamy, Jaya; Slee, Danny; Stevenson, Gavin; Naidu, Ravi

2014-06-01

69

An environmental intervention to promote walking and cycling—the impact of a newly constructed Rail Trail in Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFew studies have evaluated environmental changes to promote physical activity. The impact of a local promotional campaign around a newly constructed Rail Trail in western Sydney, Australia, was assessed.

Dafna Merom; Adrian Bauman; Philip Vita; Glenn Close

2003-01-01

70

Tackling the Issues of Landscape Characterisation for Natural Resource Management in Urban and Peri-urban Western Sydney, Australia: Application of the Hydro-Geologic Landscapes Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dryland salinity is a natural resource management issue and a planning hazard in urban/peri-urban Western Sydney, where there is enormous development pressure. The level of detail available on local geological, hydrogeologic and soils maps commonly does not provide sufficient detail for sub-catchment scale urban development planning and natural resource management (NRM) decision-making. The dominant lithologies for the area are relatively thick (up to 300m), flat-lying, Triassic fluvial and shallow marine siliciclastic sediments of the Sydney Basin. Localised areas of Cainozoic gravels cover the palaeo-landscapes developed on older rocks, and modern fluvial processes along the Hawkesbury River and tributaries continue to modify the landscape. Salt is concentrated in this landscape through aeolian accession and deposition from oceanic aerosols, but almost never as fossil (connate) salts. The redistribution of salts by the process of aeolian accession typically takes place when the salts are coupled with windblown dust known as parna. For south-eastern NSW, this dust originates from areas which are more arid, such as the western regions of the NSW and Victorian states. Aerosols from the ocean can be responsible for the deposition of salts up to a few hundred kilometres from their source. This process is responsible for a significant contribution of salt in the Sydney area. Field observations have shown that salt outbreaks are more dominant on some Sydney Basin units, specifically the Wianamatta Group sediments, some Cainozoic units, and along many active drainage systems. The Wianamatta Group sediments comprise three sub-groups; the Bringelly Shale, Minchinbury Sandstone and Ashfield Shale. The Cainozoic sediments comprise at least three units; the Saint Mary's Formation, Rickaby's Creek Gravels and Londonderry Clay. In Western Sydney these successions form an east-west oriented, tear-drop-shaped sub-basin, the Cumberland Basin, that narrows and thins to the east. In the field, it has proven difficult to consistently discriminate between the Wianamatta Group sequence and the Cainozoic sediments without precise geomorphological characterisation of the landscape coupled with stratigraphic profiling. Further, terraces in the Recent fluvial deposits contribute to the development of a complex "stepped" landscape structure. Detailed biophysical typing of landscapes in this area using Hydro-Geologic Landscape characterisation, a scaled and modified Groundwater Flow System approach, allows constraint of salt storage and distribution, and development of conceptual models for saline fluid flow, and hence informs urban planning and NRM decision-making and provides evidence for implementation of preferred land use practices. Strategic planning for dryland salinity, with respect to urban development, must address two principal concerns: the manifestation of land salinisation, and salinisation of waterways in this landscape; and, the impact of a high runoff, high recharge, low perenniality, low groundwater-consumption land use model (e.g. high density suburban housing). Land salinisation impacts on engineering structures, roads, and built infrastructure, and stresses vegetation. Water quality is an issue, especially if development occurs in a drinking water catchment. In order to minimise these impacts on future urban developments, a well-structured decision support system that underpins planning is required. Biophysical characterisation of the landscapes, using the Hydro-Geologic Landscapes (HGL) technique, is complimented by careful studies of the stratigraphy of the Wianamatta Group sediments, the overlying Cainozoic sediments and the Quaternary-Recent deposits in this area. In addition a preliminary groundwater study has been undertaken. Understanding of the detailed regolith geology, hydrology, geomorphology and geological structures allows for appropriate management in a delicate landscape and underpins development planning in outer urban Sydney.

Moore, C. L.; Harvey, K.

2009-04-01

71

"A Reservoir of Learning": The Beginnings of Continuing Education at the University of Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult education has often been on the margin of university offerings in Australia and elsewhere, sometimes regarded as "non-core" business or at least as a financial drain on the institution. At the University of Sydney, however, adult education has managed to survive in one form or other for over 140 years, currently through the Centre for…

Dymock, Darryl

2009-01-01

72

Dose assessment for marine biota and humans from discharge of (131)I to the marine environment and uptake by algae in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Iodine-131 reaches the marine environment through its excretion to the sewer by nuclear medicine patients followed by discharge through coastal and deepwater out falls. 131I has been detected in macroalgae,which bio-accumulate iodine, growing near the coastal out fall of Cronulla sewage treatment plant (STP) since 1995. During this study, (131)I levels in liquid effluent and sludge from three Sydney STP's as well as in macroalgae (Ulva sp. and Ecklonia radiata) growing near their shoreline out falls were measured. Concentration factors of 176 for Ulva sp. and 526 for E. radiata were derived. Radiation dose rates to marine biota from (131)I discharged to coastal waters calculated using the ERICA dose assessment tool were below the ERICA screening level of 10 ?Gy/hr. Radiation dose rates to humans from immersion in seawater or consumption of Ulva sp. containing (131)I were three and two orders of magnitude below the IAEA screening level of 10 ?Sv/year, respectively. PMID:22180886

Carolan, Jessica Veliscek; Hughes, Catherine E; Hoffmann, Emmy L

2011-10-01

73

ACADEMIC CEREMONY OF INVESTITURE OF PROFESSOR SYDNEY BRENNER AS DOCTOR HONORIS CAUSA  

E-print Network

1 ACADEMIC CEREMONY OF INVESTITURE OF PROFESSOR SYDNEY BRENNER AS DOCTOR. Sydney Brenner, new doctor honoris causa by Pompeu Fabra University, Prof. Josep Joan Moreso, former for our University. Professor Sydney Brenner is the first Honoris Causa by Pompeu Fabra University within

Geffner, Hector

74

Assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami in Sydney  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of tsunamis and exposure along the SE coast of New South Wales is especially high. Significantly, this is the same area reported to have been affected by repeated large magnitude tsunamis during the Holocene. Efforts are under way to complete probabilistic risk assessments for the region but local government planners and emergency risk managers need information now about building vulnerability in order to develop appropriate risk management strategies. We use the newly revised PTVA-3 Model (Dall'Osso et al., 2009) to assess the relative vulnerability of buildings to damage from a "worst case tsunami" defined by our latest understanding of regional risk - something never before undertaken in Australia. We present selected results from an investigation of building vulnerability within the local government area of Manly - an iconic coastal area of Sydney. We show that a significant proportion of buildings (in particular, residential structures) are classified as having "High" and "Very High" Relative Vulnerability Index scores. Furthermore, other important buildings (e.g., schools, nursing homes and transport structures) are also vulnerable to damage. Our results have serious implications for immediate emergency risk management, longer-term land-use zoning and development, and building design and construction standards. Based on the work undertaken here, we recommend further detailed assessment of the vulnerability of coastal buildings in at risk areas, development of appropriate risk management strategies and a detailed program of community engagement to increase overall resilience.

Dall'Osso, F.; Gonella, M.; Gabbianelli, G.; Withycombe, G.; Dominey-Howes, D.

2009-12-01

75

Young people at risk of transitioning to injecting drug use in Sydney, Australia: social disadvantage and other correlates of higher levels of exposure to injecting.  

PubMed

While numerous studies have examined characteristics of young people who have recently initiated injecting, little attention has focused on young people who may be at high risk of transitioning to injecting. This study sought to examine the extent that socially disadvantaged young people were exposed to injecting, determine their level of hepatitis C (HCV) knowledge and identify correlates of higher injecting exposure. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 210 young people in 2010-2011 who were exposed to injecting drug use, but had not transitioned to injecting. Respondents were primarily recruited from youth services in metropolitan Sydney. Exposure to injecting in the previous 12 months was assessed with four items that examined whether close friends, romantic/sexual partners or family members/acquaintances injected drugs, and whether they were offered an injection. Most respondents had at least a few close friends who injected drugs (65%) and almost half had been offered drugs to inject in the previous 12 months (48%). It was less common for respondents to report having a partner who injects (11%). Correlates of higher injecting exposure were examined with multivariate ordinal regression. In the multivariate model, higher exposure to injecting was independently associated with the experience of abuse or violent crime [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.80] and reporting more favourable attitudes towards injecting (AOR = 0.86). Higher exposure to injecting was not independently associated with patterns or history of drug use. HCV knowledge was low to moderate and was not associated with higher exposure to injecting. That drug use was not independently associated with higher injecting exposure may suggest that exposure is shaped more by social disadvantage than by drug use patterns. Additional research is required to investigate this, using an improved measure of exposure to injecting. PMID:25472900

Lea, Toby; Bryant, Joanne; Ellard, Jeanne; Howard, John; Treloar, Carla

2015-03-01

76

Should cities hosting mass gatherings invest in public health surveillance and planning? Reflections from a decade of mass gatherings in Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Mass gatherings have been defined by the World Health Organisation as "events attended by a sufficient number of people to strain the planning and response resources of a community, state or nation". This paper explores the public health response to mass gatherings in Sydney, the factors that influenced the extent of deployment of resources and the utility of planning for mass gatherings as a preparedness exercise for other health emergencies. Discussion Not all mass gatherings of people require enhanced surveillance and additional response. The main drivers of extensive public health planning for mass gatherings reflect geographical spread, number of international visitors, event duration and political and religious considerations. In these instances, the implementation of a formal risk assessment prior to the event with ongoing daily review is important in identifying public health hazards. Developing and utilising event-specific surveillance to provide early-warning systems that address the specific risks identified through the risk assessment process are essential. The extent to which additional resources are required will vary and depend on the current level of surveillance infrastructure. Planning the public health response is the third step in preparing for mass gatherings. If the existing public health workforce has been regularly trained in emergency response procedures then far less effort and resources will be needed to prepare for each mass gathering event. The use of formal emergency management structures and co-location of surveillance and planning operational teams during events facilitates timely communication and action. Summary One-off mass gathering events can provide a catalyst for innovation and engagement and result in opportunities for ongoing public health planning, training and surveillance enhancements that outlasted each event. PMID:19735577

Thackway, Sarah; Churches, Timothy; Fizzell, Jan; Muscatello, David; Armstrong, Paul

2009-01-01

77

Using a Dance Pad to Navigate through the Virtual Heritage Environment of Macquarie Lighthouse, Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we look at the potential of a novel navigational interface, a dance pad, to allow users to intuitively explore\\u000a a virtual heritage environment. An immersive Virtual Reality environment has been created to learn about the historical background\\u000a of the Macquarie lighthouse in Sydney, Australia. Using the dance pad technology, we hoped to allow the users to literally

Eric Fassbender; Debbie Richards

2007-01-01

78

High resolution rainfall projections for the Greater Sydney Region  

E-print Network

impact studies or regional planning. Downscaling, for example using a dynamical regional climate model rainfall of the Sydney metropolitan region were investigated through fine scale (2km grid) dynamical downscaling from a single global climate model (GCM) simulation using the Weather Research and Forecasting

Evans, Jason

79

Difference and Diversity at the University of Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education does not exist in isolation from the broader world. The political, social and economic reality that shapes Australian life has a powerful influence on the ways in which curriculum, pedagogy and policy are constructed. At the University of Western Sydney, in accordance with the university's goals and commitments to equity…

Diaz, Criss Jones

2004-01-01

80

Engaging the Refugee Community of Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the community engagement program, "Refugee Action Support" (RAS) at the University of Western Sydney. RAS is a partnership program between the Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation, The NSW Department of Education and Training and the university. The Refugee Action Support program prepares pre-service teachers to teach…

Naidoo, Loshini

2010-01-01

81

Frequency of oseltamivir resistance in Sydney, during the Newcastle outbreak of community transmitted oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus, Australia, June to August 2011.  

PubMed

Although oseltamivir-resistant pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 is uncommon in immunocompetent individuals, a recent report from Newcastle, Australia, showed the first sustained community spread, from June to August 2011, of oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus carrying the H275Y neuraminidase (NA) mutation. To determine the frequency and the extent of this viral variant spread in the nearest major city to Newcastle, we performed a sequencebased genotypic assessment on samples from 143 oseltamivir untreated and 23 oseltamivir post-treatment individuals with influenza collected contemporaneously in Sydney, 120 km southwest of Newcastle. The detection of two of 143 (1.4%) community-derived samples containing H275Y suggests a low prevalence of oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in the general community and no convincing evidence of spread of the NA H275Y-bearing influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus. In oseltamivir treated patients, oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus continue to emerge with three of 23 (13%) post-treatment samples containing the H275Y mutation. The observation of signature mutations and distinct phylogenetic relationship in full-length sequences of haemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes derived from 2011 strains against 2009 strains indicates continued genetic evolution and antigenic drift of the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses circulating in Australia. PMID:22790606

Wang, B; Taylor, J; Ratnamohan, M; McPhie, K; Kesson, A; Dixit, R; Booy, R; Hurt, Ac; Saksena, Nk; Dwyer, D E

2012-01-01

82

Travel mode and physical activity at Sydney University.  

PubMed

How staff and students travel to university can impact their physical activity level. An online survey of physical activity and travel behaviour was conducted in early November 2012 to inform planning of physical activity and active travel promotion programs at the University of Sydney, Australia as part of the "Sit Less, Move More" sub-committee of the Healthy University Initiative, and as baseline data for evaluation. There were 3,737 useable responses, 60% of which were from students. Four out of five respondents travelled to the University on the day of interest (Tuesday, November 30, 2012). The most frequently used travel modes were train (32%), car as driver (22%), bus (17%), walking (17%) and cycling (6%). Staff were twice as likely to drive as students, and also slightly more likely to use active transport, defined as walking and cycling (26% versus 22%). Overall, 41% of respondents were sufficiently active (defined by meeting physical activity recommendations of 150 min per week). Participants were more likely to meet physical activity recommendations if they travelled actively to the University. With a high proportion of respondents using active travel modes or public transport already, increasing the physical activity levels and increasing the use of sustainable travel modes would mean a mode shift from public transport to walking and cycling for students is needed and a mode shift from driving to public transport or active travel for University staff. Strategies to achieve this are discussed. PMID:23939390

Rissel, Chris; Mulley, Corinne; Ding, Ding

2013-08-01

83

Sharing Todays Resources--Meeting Tomorrows Needs. Papers, Workshop Reports and Associated Material Presented at the Seminar on Resources Coordination and Librarians' Groups: An Information Exchange Day (Sydney, Australia, July 26, 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet brings together papers, reports, and associated material from the seminar on school library resource coordination and librarians' groups in New South Wales held at Summer Hill Public School in Sydney. The collection includes a general introduction to the scope and goals of the seminar; a list of seminar speakers; papers on cooperative…

Broadbent, Marianne, Ed.

84

Numeracy and Beyond. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia Incorporated (24th, Sydney, Australia, June 30-July 4, 2001). Volume 1 [and] Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document represents volumes 1 and 2 of the proceedings of the 24th annual conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia (MERGA) held at the University of Sydney, June 30-July 4, 2001. In volume 1, papers include: (1) "Connecting Mathematics Education Research to Practice" (Judith Sowder); (2) "Understanding, Assessing,…

Bobis, Janette, Ed.; Perry, Bob, Ed.; Mitchelmore, Michael, Ed.

85

Watching the Games: public health surveillance for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games  

PubMed Central

Design: Planning for the system took almost three years. Its major components included increased surveillance of communicable diseases; presentations to sentinel emergency departments; medical encounters at Olympic venues; cruise ship surveillance; environmental and food safety inspections; surveillance for bioterrorism; and global epidemic intelligence. A daily report integrated data from all sources. Setting: Sydney, Australia. Surveillance spanned the period 28 August to 4 October 2000. Participants: Residents of Sydney, athletes and officials, Australian and international visitors. Main results: No outbreaks of communicable diseases were detected. There were around 5% more presentations to Sydney emergency departments than in comparable periods in other years. Several incidents detected through surveillance, including injuries caused by broken glass, and a cluster of presentations related to the use of the drug ecstasy, prompted further action. Conclusions: Key elements in the success of public health surveillance for the Games included its careful planning, its comprehensive coverage of public health issues, and its timely reporting and communication processes. Future systems need to be flexible enough to detect the unexpected. PMID:12540684

Jorm, L; Thackway, S; Churches, T; Hills, M

2003-01-01

86

Legacy contaminant bioaccumulation in rock crabs in Sydney Harbour during remediation of the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada.  

PubMed

Concentrations of PAHs, PCBs, metals and lipids in hepatopancreas of rock crabs (Cancer irroratus) were measured in Sydney Harbour (SH) for one year prior to remediation and three years of remediation of the Sydney Tar Ponds (STP), Nova Scotia. Low level concentrations of PCBs and metals were measured, although PAHs were mostly undetected. Metal concentrations showed little spatio-temporal variability, although highest concentrations of As, Cd and Cu were measured at reference stations furthest from the STP remediation site. Mercury concentrations were at least an order of magnitude lower than Canadian guidelines. Moderately elevated PCB concentrations were detected in crabs near Muggah Creek, but these were generally not higher than those measured during baseline. Despite remediation activities, current contaminant burdens measured in crabs were much lower than previously reported in other studies of crabs and lobster in industrial harbours in eastern Canada, due in part to natural recovery of SH sediments. PMID:24119312

Walker, Tony R; MacAskill, Devin; Weaver, Peter

2013-12-15

87

Temperature, air pollution and total mortality during summers in Sydney, 1994-2004  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the effect of temperature and air pollutants on total mortality in summers in Sydney, Australia. Daily data on weather variables, mortality and air pollution for the Sydney metropolitan area from 1 January 1994 to 31 December 2004 were supplied by Australian Bureau of Meteorology, Australian Bureau of Statistics, and Environment Protection Agency of New South Wales, respectively. We examined the association of total mortality with weather indicators and air pollution using generalised additive models (GAMs). A time-series classification and regression tree (CART) model was developed to explore the interaction effects of temperature and air pollution that impacted on mortality. Our results show that the average increase in total daily mortality was 0.9% [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.6-1.3%] and 22% (95% CI: 6.4-40.5%) for a 1 °C increase in daily maximum temperature and 1 part per hundred million (pphm) increase in daily average concentration of sulphur dioxide (SO2), respectively. Time-series CART results show that maximum temperature and SO2 on the current day had significant interaction effects on total mortality. There were 7.3% and 12.1% increases in daily average mortality when maximum temperature was over 32°C and mean SO2 exceeded 0.315 pphm, respectively. Daily maximum temperature was statistically significantly associated with daily deaths in Sydney during summers between 1994 and 2004. Elevated daily maximum temperature combined with high SO2 concentrations appeared to have contributed to the increased mortality observed in Sydney during this period.

Hu, Wenbiao; Mengersen, Kerrie; McMichael, Anthony; Tong, Shilu

2008-09-01

88

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY GROUNDS CONSERVATION PLAN  

E-print Network

important group of Gothic and Tudor revival architecture in Australia; · the layout and development and development necessary in a modern and expanding university. #12;- ii - CONTENTS Contents Page Number Executive

Viglas, Anastasios

89

392 nature structural biology volume 8 number 5 may 2001 Like Sydney Altman1, I too was initially  

E-print Network

Kendrew, the Cell Biology Division under Sydney Brenner and Francis Crick, and Protein and Nucleic Acidhistory 392 nature structural biology · volume 8 number 5 · may 2001 Like Sydney Altman1, I too

Levitt, Michael

90

Relating a gene to a sequence of amino acids, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Code>Reading the code>players Defining the gene Sydney Brenner talks about the gene, and Seymour Benzer's contributions in matching the gene to protein sequence.

2008-10-06

91

Evidence for Recombination between Pandemic GII.4 Norovirus Strains New Orleans 2009 and Sydney 2012  

PubMed Central

During 2012, a novel pandemic GII.4 norovirus variant, Sydney 2012, emerged worldwide. A signature of the variant was a GII.Pe ORF1, in association with GII.4 Apeldoorn 2008-like ORF2-ORF3 genes. We report the detection of recombinant GII.4 Sydney 2012 strains, possessing the ORF1 gene of the former pandemic variant New Orleans 2009. PMID:23966499

Martella, V.; Medici, M. C.; De Grazia, S.; Tummolo, F.; Calderaro, A.; Bonura, F.; Saporito, L.; Terio, V.; Catella, C.; Lanave, G.; Buonavoglia, C.

2013-01-01

92

Introduction The 1998 Sydney to Hobart yacht race was the most  

E-print Network

Introduction The 1998 Sydney to Hobart yacht race was the most disastrous event in the race's 54-year history, and indeed of any offshore race in Australian waters. Of the 115 yachts departing Sydney-six boats retired from the race. Fifty-five people were rescued in the biggest maritime rescue operation

Greenslade, Diana

93

Viral RNA can reprogram the ribosomes, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Code>Copying the code>players On the beach ÃÂ Part II In this second of a two-part clip, Sydney Brenner describes the experiment they did to prove the existence and function of RNA.

2008-10-06

94

RNA transcription/translation, Sydney BrennerSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Sydney Brenner DNAi Location:Code>Copying the code>players On the beach ÃÂ Part I In this first of a two-part clip, Sydney Brenner describes the information transfer problem from DNA to the protein-making machinery.

2008-10-06

95

J. Dix Combining Agents, ASP and Planning, Jul-Aug 2003, Sydney, NICTA Combining Agents, ASP and Planning  

E-print Network

J. Dix Combining Agents, ASP and Planning, Jul-Aug 2003, Sydney, NICTA Combining Agents, ASP.cs.man.ac.uk/~jdix/LECTURING/NICTA03.html. Overview 1 #12;J. Dix Combining Agents, ASP and Planning, Jul-Aug 2003, Sydney, NICTA First Combining Agents, ASP and Planning, Jul-Aug 2003, Sydney, NICTA Third week (Chapter 4) The second part

Zachmann, Gabriel

96

Sexual health and use of condoms among local and international sex workers in Sydney.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To compare indicators of sexual health and predictors of condom use for commercial sex among local and international female sex workers first attending an STD clinic. SETTING: A public STD clinic in Sydney, Australia. SUBJECTS: All sex workers first attending between June 1991 and May 1993. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of demographic, behavioural and morbidity data from proforma medical records. RESULTS: 91 local sex workers and 123 international sex workers (predominantly from Thailand, Malaysia and China) first presented during the study period. There were significantly higher prevalences of chlamydia (0 v. 15%, p = 0.0002), gonorrhoea (0 v. 14%, p = 0.0006), syphilis (0 v. 10%, p = 0.006) and clinical genital herpes (0 v. 5%, p = 0.04) among international sex workers. The only case of HIV infection was in an international sex worker. Inconsistent condom use for commercial sex was significantly more common among international sex workers (RR = 4.5; 95% CI 3.1-6.5). On multivariate analysis, inconsistent condom use in international sex workers was associated with a recent history of prostitution outside Australia (p = 0.04), while inconsistent condom usage among local sex workers was associated with increasing age (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: These data illustrate the efficacy of condoms and the success of targeted education programmes in local sex workers in Sydney. By contrast, international sex workers continued to be at high risk of STDs. The international sex industry in Sydney requires enhanced culture-specific interventions. Immigration laws as they affect sex workers should also be reviewed. PMID:8655167

O'Connor, C C; Berry, G; Rohrsheim, R; Donovan, B

1996-01-01

97

Proceedings of ICAD 04-Tenth Meeting of the International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 PHYSICALLY-BASED MODELS FOR LIQUID SOUNDS  

E-print Network

, Australia, July 6-9, 2004 PHYSICALLY-BASED MODELS FOR LIQUID SOUNDS Kees van den Doel Department of Computer sounds is identified as the acoustic emission of bubbles. After reviewing the physics of vibrating manipulate recorded sounds in a physically meaningful man- ner. No physically-based audio synthesis method

van den Doel, Kees

98

Sydney tar ponds: some problems in quantifying toxic waste.  

PubMed

Information on the type and amount of hazardous and toxic waste is required to develop a meaningful strategy and estimate a realistic cost for clean up of the Sydney Tar Pond site which is located on Cape Breton, in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. The site covers the area of the decommissioned Sysco (Sydney Steel Corporation) plant. The materials of concern include BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes), PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), PCB (polychlorinated biphenyl), and particulates laden with toxic metals, such as arsenic, lead, and others. The originally nontoxic materials such as soil, blast furnace slag, and vegetation, as well as surface and ground waters, which were subsequently contaminated, must also be included if they fail tests prescribed by environmental regulations. An extensive sampling program must be undertaken to obtain data for an accurate estimate of the waste to be cleaned and disposed of. Apparently, 700,000 tons of toxic waste, which is believed to be present on the site, may represent only a fraction of the actual amount. The clean-up of the site is only part of the solution. Toxic waste has to be disposed of in accordance with environmental regulations. PMID:12402101

Furimsky, Edward

2002-12-01

99

Former Prime Minister's son, Steve Hawke, launches novel, Barefoot Kids, at Notre Dame in Fremantle and Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

International best selling author Tim Winton and former Midnight Oil guitarist Rob Hurst officially launched Barefoot Kids, a children’s novel by Steve Hawke, son of former Australian Prime Minister, Bob Hawke, on the Fremantle and Sydney campuses of The University of Notre Dame Australia.\\u000aThough Mr Hawke has written history, biographies, plays and scripts, his first novel is aimed at

Moira Saunders

2007-01-01

100

Street-Level Drug Market Activity in Sydney's Primary Heroin Markets: Organization, Adulteration Practices, Pricing, Marketing and Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a qualitative exploration of two distinctive high-profile street drug markets in Sydney, Australia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 street-level heroin dealers about their experiences of selling drugs in these areas, market organization, drug adulteration and quality assessment practices, and the extent and impact of violence associated with these markets. Most dealers operated independently, working for themselves

Ross Coomber; Lisa Maher

2006-01-01

101

Interview with Sydney Brenner by Soraya de Chadarevian.  

PubMed

The following text is an edited version of a recent interview with Sydney Brenner who has been at the forefront of many developments in molecular biology since the 1950s. It provides a participant's view on current issues in the history and epistemology of molecular biology. The main issue raised by Brenner regards the relation of molecular biology to the new field of systems biology. Brenner defends the original programme of molecular biology-the molecular explanation of living processes-that in his view has yet to be completed. The programme of systems biology in contrast he views as either trivial or as not achievable since it purports to deal with inverse problems that are impossible to solve in complex living systems. Other issues covered in the conversation concern the impact of the human genome sequencing project, the commercial turn in molecular biology and the contested disciplinary status of the science. PMID:19268875

Brenner, Sydney

2009-03-01

102

Complete Nucleotide Sequence Analysis of the Norovirus GII.4 Sydney Variant in South Korea  

PubMed Central

Norovirus is the primary cause of acute gastroenteritis in individuals of all ages. In Australia, a new strain of norovirus (GII.4) was identified in March 2012, and this strain has spread rapidly around the world. In August 2012, this new GII.4 strain was identified in patients in South Korea. Therefore, to examine the characteristics of the epidemic norovirus GII.4 2012 variant in South Korea, we conducted KM272334 full-length genomic analysis. The genome of the gg-12-08-04 strain consisted of 7,558?bp and contained three open reading frame (ORF) composites throughout the whole genome: ORF1 (5,100?bp), ORF2 (1,623?bp), and ORF3 (807?bp). Phylogenetic analyses showed that gg-12-08-04 belonged to the GII.4 Sydney 2012 variant, sharing 98.92% nucleotide similarity with this variant strain. According to SimPlot analysis, the gg-12-08-04 strain was a recombinant strain with breakpoint at the ORF1/2 junction between Osaka 2007 and Apeldoorn 2008 strains. This study is the first report of the complete sequence of the GII.4 Sydney 2012 strain in South Korea. Therefore, this may represent the standard sequence of the norovirus GII.4 2012 variant in South Korea and could therefore be useful for the development of norovirus vaccines.

Park, Ji-Sun; Lee, Sung-Geun; Cho, Han-Gil; Jheong, Weon-Hwa; Paik, Soon-Young

2015-01-01

103

Dreamtime astronomy: development of a new indigenous program at Sydney Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Australian National Curriculum promotes Indigenous culture in school education programs. To foster a broader appreciation of cultural astronomy, to utilise the unique astronomical heritage of the site, and to develop an educational program within the framework of the National Curriculum, Sydney Observatory launched Dreamtime Astronomy - a program incorporating Australian Indigenous culture, astronomy, and Sydney's astronomical history and heritage. This paper reviews the development and implementation of this program and discusses modifications following an evaluation that was conducted by schools.

Wyatt, Geoffrey; Stephenson, Toner; Hamacher, Duane W.

2014-07-01

104

Peripartum hysterectomy in a tertiary hospital in Western Sydney.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to review the incidence, indication, management and complications of peripartum hysterectomy (PH) in a tertiary level hospital over a decade. A retrospective review of all cases of PH performed at Westmead Hospital, Western Sydney, 2003-2012, was undertaken. PH was defined as hysterectomy performed after 20 weeks' gestation or any time after delivery but within 6 weeks' postpartum ( Awan et al. 2011 ). There were 56 cases of peripartum hysterectomy of 46,177 births, a rate of 1.22 per 1,000 births. The most common indication for PH was morbid adherence of the placenta (58.2%) followed by uterine atony. Having a history of both caesarean section and placenta praevia is highly associated with a morbidly adherent placenta in the index pregnancy (p = 0.002). The most common complication was coagulopathy followed by febrile illness and urinary tract injury. Our data showed previous caesarean section and placenta praevia to be associated with abnormal placentation, the leading indication for PH. Since there is an association between a planned caesarean hysterectomy and reduced amount of estimated blood loss and blood transfused, the knowledge of placentation and adequate preoperative planning and consideration for elective hysterectomy could be beneficial. The morbidity associated with PH is considerable. PMID:25264917

Shamsa, A; Harris, A; Anpalagan, A

2014-09-29

105

The Impact of Climate Change on Ozone-Related Mortality in Sydney  

PubMed Central

Coupled global, regional and chemical transport models are now being used with relative-risk functions to determine the impact of climate change on human health. Studies have been carried out for global and regional scales, and in our paper we examine the impact of climate change on ozone-related mortality at the local scale across an urban metropolis (Sydney, Australia). Using three coupled models, with a grid spacing of 3 km for the chemical transport model (CTM), and a mortality relative risk function of 1.0006 per 1 ppb increase in daily maximum 1-hour ozone concentration, we evaluated the change in ozone concentrations and mortality between decades 1996–2005 and 2051–2060. The global model was run with the A2 emissions scenario. As there is currently uncertainty regarding a threshold concentration below which ozone does not impact on mortality, we calculated mortality estimates for the three daily maximum 1-hr ozone concentration thresholds of 0, 25 and 40 ppb. The mortality increase for 2051–2060 ranges from 2.3% for a 0 ppb threshold to 27.3% for a 40 ppb threshold, although the numerical increases differ little. Our modeling approach is able to identify the variation in ozone-related mortality changes at a suburban scale, estimating that climate change could lead to an additional 55 to 65 deaths across Sydney in the decade 2051–2060. Interestingly, the largest increases do not correspond spatially to the largest ozone increases or the densest population centres. The distribution pattern of changes does not seem to vary with threshold value, while the magnitude only varies slightly. PMID:24419047

Physick, William; Cope, Martin; Lee, Sunhee

2014-01-01

106

Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the Permian Talaterang and Shoalhaven Groups in the southernmost Sydney Basin, New South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Permian (Sakmarian?Artinskian) Talaterang and Shoalhaven Groups form the basal part of the Sydney Basin succession at its southernmost onshore extremity. A new stratigraphic model is proposed for the southern Sydney Basin and, although the previous group division is retained, considerable rearrangement of formations within and between the groups has been necessary as a result of recent field work. The

S. C. Tye; C. R. Fielding; B. G. Jones

1996-01-01

107

Distribution and possible sources of organochlorine residues in sediments of a large urban estuary, Port Jackson, Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sydney Harbour is surrounded by a large capital city of about four million people and its highly urbanised (86%) catchment supports a substantial industrial base and an extensive transport infrastructure. Large commercial and naval ports occupy the waterway and the harbour is an important recreational area. Surficial sediment in Sydney Harbour contains high concentrations of PCBs, HCB, total chlordane, total

G. F. Birch; S. E. Taylor

2000-01-01

108

Environmental recovery in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia: evidence of natural and anthropogenic sediment capping.  

PubMed

Contaminants were assessed in Sydney Harbour during baseline and three years of remediation of a former coking and steel facility. Concentrations of PAHs; PCBs; and lead measured in surface sediments indicate overall spatial distribution patterns of historical contaminants remains unchanged, although at much lower concentrations than previously reported due to natural sediment recovery. Recovery rates were in broad agreement with predicted concentrations; or in some cases lower, despite remediation at the Sydney Tar Ponds (STP) site. Contaminants showed little temporal variability, except for detection of significant increases in PAH concentrations during onset of remediation compared to baseline which represented a short term interruption in the overall long term natural recovery of sediments in Sydney Harbour. Recovery (via "capping") was enhanced following recent harbour dredging activities where less contaminated outer harbour sediments were discharged into a confined disposal facility (CDF) required for a new container in the inner harbour. PMID:23820194

Walker, Tony R; MacAskill, Devin; Weaver, Peter

2013-09-15

109

Measurement of the acoustic characteristics of the concert hall at the Sydney Opera House  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sydney Opera House Trust is considering making changes to its Concert Hall. Prior to any alteration, the Acoustics group at the University of Sydney has sought to document the hall. The main measurements were made for 48 receiver locations and 6 source locations, using omnidirectional measurement microphones, B-format (Soundfield) microphones and dummy head microphones in every receiver position. The measurements included impulse responses, anechoic music recordings, and recordings of a calibrated sound power source. Results documented by previous practitioners and researchers are described and comparison is made with the recent results.

Bassett, John; Cabrera, Densil

2003-04-01

110

Embedding an Indigenous Graduate Attribute into University of Western Sydney's Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports on embedding an Indigenous graduate attribute into courses at the University of Western Sydney (UWS), providing the background to the development and implementation of a holistic and individual Indigenous graduate attribute. It details the approach taken by the Badanami Centre for Indigenous Education in advising the UWS staff on…

Anning, Berice

2010-01-01

111

Sydney Brenner, still imageSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sydney Brenner, Cold Spring Harbor, 1980 meeting. A South African native acknowledged to be one of the brightest thinkers in the field. With his rapier wit, British schoolboy charm and mile-a-minute ideas, Brenner is often the center of attention at scientific gatherings.

2008-10-06

112

EDITORIAL EXPERIENCE Editorial Board, The Illustrated History of Humankind, Weldon Owen (Sydney)  

E-print Network

EDITORIAL EXPERIENCE Editorial Board, The Illustrated History of Humankind, Weldon Owen (Sydney). BOOKS 2013. Archaeology. 6th Edition, 468 pp. New York: Wadsworth Cengage Learning [by Robert L. Kelly Publishers [by Robert L. Kelly and DHT; published January, 2010]. 2010. Archaeology. 5th Edition, 483 pp. New

113

Compost Tips for the Home Gardener1 Sydney Park Brown2  

E-print Network

ENH1065 Compost Tips for the Home Gardener1 Sydney Park Brown2 1. This document is ENH1065, one. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension. What Is Compost? Compost is a dark, crumbly material created. Compost is not completely decomposed (like humus); it will contain small pieces of debris that can

Jawitz, James W.

114

Local melange in a global world: From transferred Southern European lifestyles to transnational Sydney streets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The dynamics of urban diversity is analysed in three distinctive commercial streets in two neighbouring inner-Sydney local government areas. The social landscape of these streets is defined by a dynamic migration process over the last sixty years and later cultural changes. Different images tell about past developments, settlement difficulties, reactions, aspirations and achievements. These visible symbols of diversity are

Walter F. Lalich

115

Showcasing security: the politics of policing space at the 2007 Sydney APEC meeting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the example of the 2007 Sydney APEC meeting, this article develops a critique of the protest policing literature. While it is accepted that international summits such as APEC are exceptional events, which are policed differently, the view that there has been a general democratisation of protest policing across liberal democracies is contested. Since the Battle of Seattle in 1999

Greg Martin

2011-01-01

116

CBD and South East Light Rail Light rail expansion to transform Sydney  

E-print Network

CBD and South East Light Rail Light rail expansion to transform Sydney Construction will soon be underway on the $1.6 billion CBD and South East Light Rail that will transform the future of transport been granted for the NSW Government to build light rail from Circular Quay, through the CBD

Blennerhassett, Peter

117

Heinz-body haemolysis in haemodialysed patients caused by chloramines in Sydney tap water.  

PubMed

In August 1981, there was an outbreak of Heinz-body-positive haemolytic anaemia among patients who were undergoing dialysis in Sydney Hospital. This appeared to be due to excessive chloramines in and inadequate carbon filtration of, the water used for haemodialysis. After improvement of the carbon filtration system, there have been no further cases of anaemia. PMID:7144671

Caterson, R J; Savdie, E; Raik, E; Coutts, D; Mahony, J F

1982-10-16

118

Emergence of New Pandemic GII.4 Sydney Norovirus Strain Correlates With Escape From Herd Immunity  

PubMed Central

Background.?GII.4 noroviruses are a significant source of acute gastroenteritis worldwide, causing the majority of human norovirus outbreaks. Evolution of the GII.4 major capsid protein occurs rapidly, resulting in the emergence of new strains that produce successive waves of pandemic disease. A new pandemic isolate, GII.4 2012 Sydney, largely replaced previously circulating strains in late 2012. We compare the antigenic properties of GII.4 2012 Sydney with previously circulating strains. Methods.?To determine whether GII.4-2012 Sydney is antigenically different from recently circulating strains GII.4-2006 Minerva and GII.4-2009 New Orleans in previously identified blockade epitopes, we compared reactivity and blockade profiles of GII.4-2006, GII.4-2009, and GII.4-2012 virus-like particles in surrogate neutralization/blockade assays using monoclonal antibodies and human polyclonal sera. Results.?Using monoclonal antibodies that map to known blockade epitopes in GII.4-2006 and GII.4-2009 and human outbreak polyclonal sera, we demonstrate either complete loss or significantly reduced reactivity and blockade of GII.4.2012 compared to GII.4-2006 and GII.4-2009. Conclusions.?GII.4-2012 Sydney is antigenically different from GII.4-2006 Minerva and GII.4-2009 New Orleans in at least 2 key blockade epitopes. Viral evolution in key potential neutralization epitopes likely allowed GII.4-2012 to escape from human herd immunity and emerge as the new predominant strain. PMID:23908476

Debbink, Kari; Lindesmith, Lisa C.; Donaldson, Eric F.; Costantini, Veronica; Beltramello, Martina; Corti, Davide; Swanstrom, Jesica; Lanzavecchia, Antonio; Vinjé, Jan; Baric, Ralph S.

2013-01-01

119

Contemporary Crime in Historical Perspective: A Comparative Study of London, Stockholm, and Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question is whether historical evidence from other Western societies helps us understand the apparent increase in contemporary crime. Official records of offenses against persons and property in London, Stock holm, and Sydney show remarkably similar trends during the past 150 years. From around 1840 to 1930, indicators of common crime fell by an average ratio of 8:1. Since then,

Ted Robert Gurr

1977-01-01

120

The political impact of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the political impact of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, now in its fifteenth year. The paper summarises the evolution of Mardi Gras from a protest march into a month long festival, culminating in a street parade. It traces the development of governance and organisational arrangements. The impact of this event in five contexts is then

Ian Marsh; Larry Galbraith

1995-01-01

121

‘Fornicating on floats’? The cultural politics of the Sydney Mardi Gras Parade beyond the metropolis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the Sydney Mardi Gras Parade conventionally explore how sexualised subjectivities are debated, enacted, performed and transgressed within the festival time\\/space. Instead, this paper seeks to understand the cultural politics of emotion generated by this parade in the lives of individuals some 3000 kilometres away in Townsville, Queensland. Drawing on a performative framework, we rely upon the concepts of

Gordon Waitt; Chris Stapel

2011-01-01

122

Monitoring effects of remediation on natural sediment recovery in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia.  

PubMed

Chemical contaminants were assessed in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia during pre-remediation (baseline) and 3 years of remediation of a former coking and steel facility after nearly a century of operation and historical pollution into the Sydney Tar Ponds (STP). Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls, metals, and inorganic parameters measured in sediments and total suspended solids in seawater indicate that the overall spatial distribution pattern of historical contaminants remains unchanged, although at much lower concentrations than previously reported due to natural sediment recovery, despite remediation activities. Measured sediment deposition rates in bottom-moored traps during baseline were low (0.4-0.8 cm?year(-1)), but during dredging operations required for construction of new port facilities in the inner Sydney Harbour, sedimentation rates were equivalent to 26-128 cm year(-1). Measurements of sediment chemical contaminants confirmed that natural recovery rates of Sydney Harbour sediments were in broad agreement with predicted concentrations, or in some cases, lower than originally predicted despite remediation activities at the STP site. Overall, most measured contaminants in sediments showed little temporal variability (4 years), except for the detection of significant increases in total PAH concentrations during the onset of remediation monitoring compared to baseline. This slight increase represents only a short-term interruption in the overall natural recovery of sediments in Sydney Harbour, which were enhanced due to the positive impacts of large-scale dredging of less contaminated outer harbor sediments which were discharged into a confined disposal area located in the inner harbor. PMID:23512488

Walker, Tony R; Macaskill, Devin; Rushton, Theresa; Thalheimer, Andrew; Weaver, Peter

2013-10-01

123

The 'Sydney Principles' for reducing the commercial promotion of foods and beverages to children.  

PubMed

A set of seven principles (the 'Sydney Principles') was developed by an International Obesity Taskforce (IOTF) Working Group to guide action on changing food and beverage marketing practices that target children. The aim of the present communication is to present the Sydney Principles and report on feedback received from a global consultation (November 2006 to April 2007) on the Principles. The Principles state that actions to reduce marketing to children should: (i) support the rights of children; (ii) afford substantial protection to children; (iii) be statutory in nature; (iv) take a wide definition of commercial promotions; (v) guarantee commercial-free childhood settings; (vi) include cross-border media; and (vii) be evaluated, monitored and enforced. The draft principles were widely disseminated and 220 responses were received from professional and scientific associations, consumer bodies, industry bodies, health professionals and others. There was virtually universal agreement on the need to have a set of principles to guide action in this contentious area of marketing to children. Apart from industry opposition to the third principle calling for a statutory approach and several comments about the implementation challenges, there was strong support for each of the Sydney Principles. Feedback on two specific issues of contention related to the age range to which restrictions should apply (most nominating age 16 or 18 years) and the types of products to be included (31% nominating all products, 24% all food and beverages, and 45% energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods and beverages). The Sydney Principles, which took a children's rights-based approach, should be used to benchmark action to reduce marketing to children. The age definition for a child and the types of products which should have marketing restrictions may better suit a risk-based approach at this stage. The Sydney Principles should guide the formation of an International Code on Food and Beverage Marketing to Children. PMID:18510788

Swinburn, Boyd; Sacks, Gary; Lobstein, Tim; Rigby, Neville; Baur, Louise A; Brownell, Kelly D; Gill, Tim; Seidell, Jaap; Kumanyika, Shiriki

2008-09-01

124

Spatial and rainfall related patterns of bacterial contamination in Sydney Harbour estuary.  

PubMed

Water quality in recreational areas in Sydney Harbour, Australia, was analysed first to identify spatial patterns in faecal coliform and enterococci densities, and then to determine the relationship between bacterial densities and catchment rainfall. Non-metric multidimensional scaling separated sites closest to the mouth of the harbour from those further up the harbour's west and north-west arms. Sites closest to the harbour mouth generally had lower frequencies of high bacterial densities that exceeded median water quality guideline values. We attribute this to greater tidal flushing at sites closer to the harbour mouth. Eight site groups were identified within the harbour. Within each group, multiple regression analyses indicated rainfall accounted for between 15 and 66% of the variability in the bacterial densities. Variation in bacterial densities explained by rainfall was lower for sites closer to the harbour mouth where tidal flushing is greatest. Thus, our findings indicate that simple rainfall-based regression models are appropriate for predicting bacterial concentrations when flushing at a site is limited. More complex models incorporating a suite of environmental variables may improve the ability to predict bacterial concentrations at well-flushed sites, but even then, their predictive ability may be low. PMID:16459841

Hose, Grant C; Gordon, Geoff; McCullough, Fiona E; Pulver, Nicholas; Murray, Brad R

2005-12-01

125

Fire effects on reservoir water quality: lessons from the 2013 Sydney wildfires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unseasonally, early and severe forest fires burnt ca 10,000 ha of dry sclerophyl eucalypt forest in Oct. 2013 near Sydney (NSW, Australia). The fire affected parts of the Nepean catchment, which contributes to the greater Sydney water supply system. The spatial extent and severe nature of the burn raised concerns about the risk of water contamination from post-fire erosion. An investigation was launched with the aim to determine (i) the total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil that are particular susceptible to erosion, (ii) their chemical composition regarding constituents relevant to water quality, and (iii) the potential impacts of post-fire erosion events transferring some of this material into the reservoir. Sampling was carried out at a ridge in the Nepean catchment with a relatively homogeneous vegetation species composition, fuel load and soil characteristics, but with a range of burn severities, resulting from wind-driven differences in fire behaviour. This allowed sampling of three replicate sites each, with 30 sampling points each, for extreme, moderate-severe, and low burn severities, including also soil and litter sampling at a long-unburned control site. Burn severity was determined using the differenced normalised burn ratio (dNBR) obtained from satellite images immediately before (1 day) and after (1 week) the fire, validated by on site determination of fuel consumption completeness. Between the fire and the sampling campaign, rainfall was very limited so that there had been no significant redistribution of ash and loose charred topsoil by water erosion. The ash and loose charred topsoil were consistently wettable and the underlying uncharred soil highly water repellent at all sites and sampling points irrespective of burn severity. The total loads of ash and loose charred topsoil increased substantially with burn severity and changed in composition from comprising mainly charred litter and charcoal at low severity sites to charred litter, charcoal, mineral ash and charred mineral soil at extreme severity sites. Field sampling had just been completed at the time of producing this abstract. At the time of presentation, we expect to present (i) the total loads (t/ha) of ash and loose charred topsoil for each burn severity class; (ii) data on detailed chemical characterisation of the sampled materials including background values for litter and long-unburned soil; (iii) a spatially distributed estimation of ash and loose charred topsoil for the study catchment; and (iv) potential implications for water quality impacts based on a series of post-fire rainfall and erosion scenarios. Wider implications for water quality impacts in eucalypt forest catchments in relation to fuel loads and fire behaviour will also be discussed.

Doerr, Stefan; Santin, Cristina; Chafer, Chris

2014-05-01

126

Montreal Quebec City Corner Brook Charlottetown Sydney Halifax Saint John Bar Harbor Rockland/Camden Newport New York  

E-print Network

Montreal · Quebec City · Corner Brook · Charlottetown · Sydney Halifax · Saint John · Bar Harbor, and crimson. Set out from Montreal for Quebec City, and savor its French ambiance as you stroll through

Raina, Ramesh

127

Sequence stratigraphy of the Late Permian Coal Measures in the Sydney Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Late Permian Newcastle, Tomago and Illawarra Coal Measures of the foreland Sydney Basin, eight 3rd?order depositional sequences form three sequence sets. The sequence sets constitute the highstand systems tract of a 2nd?order sequence. Up?sequence decreasing marine shale thickness and increasing incised?valley?fill thickness, coupled with an overall regressive trend from marine to dominantly alluvial environments, indicate that sedimentation was

C. Herbert

1995-01-01

128

The impact of the banning of tributyltin-based antifouling paints on the Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea commercialis.  

PubMed

Two years after the banning in New South Wales (Australia) of tributyltin (TBT)-based antifouling paints for vessels under 25 metres in length, the impact on the Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea commercialis, has been assessed. Reduced growth and shell deformities present before banning were found to be absent and healthy oysters contained TBT at concentrations close to the detection limit of 0.2 micrograms Sn kg-1. High tissue concentrations of both copper and zinc, prior to banning were also significantly reduced. This behaviour was predicted by field experiments which showed that TBT had a synergistic effect on the uptake of copper. The distribution of both TBT and copper in the various organs of the oyster were examined in an attempt to explain this synergism. PMID:1523400

Batley, G E; Scammell, M S; Brockbank, C I

1992-07-29

129

Effects and Clinical Significance of GII.4 Sydney Norovirus, United States, 2012–2013  

PubMed Central

During 2012, global detection of a new norovirus (NoV) strain, GII.4 Sydney, raised concerns about its potential effect in the United States. We analyzed data from NoV outbreaks in 5 states and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in 1 state during the 2012–13 season and compared the data with those of previous seasons. During August 2012–April 2013, a total of 637 NoV outbreaks were reported compared with 536 and 432 in 2011–2012 and 2010–2011 during the same period. The proportion of outbreaks attributed to GII.4 Sydney increased from 8% in September 2012 to 82% in March 2013. The increase in emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness during the 2012–13 season was similar to that of previous seasons. GII.4 Sydney has become the predominant US NoV outbreak strain during the 2012–13 season, but its emergence did not cause outbreak activity to substantially increase from that of previous seasons. PMID:23886013

Wikswo, Mary; Barclay, Leslie; Brandt, Eric; Storm, William; Salehi, Ellen; DeSalvo, Traci; Davis, Tim; Saupe, Amy; Dobbins, Ginette; Booth, Hillary A.; Biggs, Christianne; Garman, Katie; Woron, Amy M.; Parashar, Umesh D.; Vinjé, Jan; Hall, Aron J.

2013-01-01

130

Post-wildfire recovery of water yield in the Sydney Basin water supply catchments: An assessment of the 2001/2002 wildfires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wildfire is a recurring event which has been acknowledged by the literature to impact the hydrological cycle of a catchment. Hence, wildfire may have a significant impact on water yield levels within a catchment. In Australia, studies of the effect of fire on water yield have been limited to obligate seeder vegetation communities. These communities regenerate from seed banks in the ground or within woody fruits and are generally activated by fire. In contrast, the Sydney Basin is dominated by obligate resprouter communities. These communities regenerate from fire resistant buds found on the plant and are generally found in regions where wildfire is a regular occurrence. The 2001/2002 wildfires in the Sydney Basin provided an opportunity to investigate the impacts of wildfire on water yield in a number of catchments dominated by obligate resprouting communities. The overall aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a difference in water yield post-wildfire. Four burnt subcatchments and 3 control subcatchments were assessed. A general additive model was calibrated using pre-wildfire data and then used to predict post-wildfire water yield using post-wildfire data. The model errors were analysed and it was found that the errors for all subcatchments showed similar trends for the post-wildfire period. This finding demonstrates that wildfires within the Sydney Basin have no significant medium-term impact on water yield.

Heath, J. T.; Chafer, C. J.; van Ogtrop, F. F.; Bishop, T. F. A.

2014-11-01

131

Multidisciplinary studies of the dust storm that affected Sydney in September 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major dust storm transgressed over southeastern Australia in September 2009 and continued as far as northern Queensland [to the north], New Zealand and New Caledonia [to the east] . We analysed samples of the dust for organic compounds, its microbiological composition, pollen, trace and rare earth elements as well as Sr and Nd isotopes. Grain size analysis was also performed on some of the samples. We also obtained information on the meteorological conditions that led to the large dust plume and its pathway. Our geochemical fingerprinting allowed us to determine the origin of the dust, and this was confirmed by meteorological observations and satellite imagery. As the pathway of the dust plume went over the city of Canberra, located to the southwest of Sydney, we were able to collect samples of dust that fell with rain, and the surprise was that the geochemical composition of the dust varied with time [and dust fall], identifying that as the dust plume transgressed over the landscape, it picked up additional material that was compositionally different from its point of origin. We also compared our data with those obtained from another major dust event that affected Canberra in October 2002, and a number of important differences are noted, particularly with respect of the microbiological composition of the dust, and its chemical composition. Collaborators on this project are: Chris Munday and Gwen Allison [microbiology]: Research School of Biology, ANU; Jochen Brocks and Janet Hope [organic chemistry] and Marc Norman [inorganic geochemistry]: Research School of Earth Sciences, ANU; Tadhg O'Loingsigh and Nigel Tapper [meteorology, satellite imagery] and Sander van der Kaars [palynology]: Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University; and J.-B. Stuut [grain size analysis], NIOZ.

De Deckker, P.

2012-04-01

132

Longitudinal study of winter mortality disease in Sydney rock oysters Saccostrea glomerata.  

PubMed

Winter mortality (WM) is a poorly studied disease affecting Sydney rock oysters Saccostrea glomerata in estuaries in New South Wales, Australia, where it can cause significant losses. WM is more severe in oysters cultured deeper in the water column and appears linked to higher salinities. Current dogma is that WM is caused by the microcell parasite Bonamia roughleyi, but evidence linking clinical signs and histopathology to molecular data identifying bonamiasis is lacking. We conducted a longitudinal study between February and November 2010 in 2 estuaries where WM has occurred (Georges and Shoalhaven Rivers). Results from molecular testing of experimental oysters for Bonamia spp. were compared to clinical disease signs and histopathology. Available environmental data from the study sites were also collated and compared. Oyster condition declined over the study period, coinciding with decreasing water temperatures, and was inversely correlated with the presence of histological lesions. While mortalities occurred in both estuaries, only oysters from the Georges River study site showed gross clinical signs and histological changes characteristic of WM (lesions were prevalent and intralesional microcell-like structures were sometimes noted). PCR testing for Bonamia spp. revealed the presence of an organism belonging to the B. exitiosa-B. roughleyi clade in some samples; however, the very low prevalence of this organism relative to histological changes and the lack of reactivity of affected oysters in subsequent in situ hybridisation experiments led us to conclude that this Bonamia sp. is not responsible for WM. Another aetiological agent and a confluence of environmental factors are a more likely explanation for the disease. PMID:25060507

Spiers, Zoe B; Gabor, Melinda; Fell, Shayne A; Carnegie, Ryan B; Dove, Michael; O'Connor, Wayne; Frances, Jane; Go, Jeffrey; Marsh, Ian B; Jenkins, Cheryl

2014-07-24

133

Multi-criteria analysis towards the new end use of recycled water for household laundry: a case study in Sydney.  

PubMed

This paper aims to put forward several management alternatives regarding the application of recycled water for household laundry in Sydney. Based on different recycled water treatment techniques such as microfiltration (MF), granular activated carbon (GAC) or reverse osmosis (RO), and types of washing machines (WMs), five alternatives were proposed as follows: (1) do nothing scenario; (2) MF+existing WMs; (3) MF+new WMs; (4) MF-GAC+existing WMs; and (5) MF-RO+existing WMs. Accordingly, a comprehensive quantitative assessment on the trade-off among a variety of issues (e.g., engineering feasibility, initial cost, energy consumption, supply flexibility and water savings) was performed over the alternatives. This was achieved by a computer-based multi-criteria analysis (MCA) using the rank order weight generation together with preference ranking organization method for enrichment evaluation (PROMETHEE) outranking techniques. Particularly, the generated 10,000 combinations of weights via Monte Carlo simulation were able to significantly reduce the man-made errors of single fixed set of weights because of its objectivity and high efficiency. To illustrate the methodology, a case study on Rouse Hill Development Area (RHDA), Sydney, Australia was carried out afterwards. The study was concluded by highlighting the feasibility of using highly treated recycled water for existing and new washing machines. This could provide a powerful guidance for sustainable water reuse management in the long term. However, more detailed field trials and investigations are still needed to effectively understand, predict and manage the impact of selected recycled water for new end use alternatives. PMID:22964402

Chen, Z; Ngo, H H; Guo, W S; Listowski, A; O'Halloran, K; Thompson, M; Muthukaruppan, M

2012-11-01

134

Patterns of the Non-Indigenous Isopod Cirolana harfordi in Sydney Harbour  

PubMed Central

Biological introductions can alter the ecology of local assemblages and are an important driver of global environmental change. The first step towards understanding the impact of a non-indigenous species is to study its distribution and associations in the invaded area. In Sydney Harbour, the non-indigenous isopod Cirolana harfordi has been reported in densities up to 0.5 individuals per cm2 in mussel-beds. Abundances of this species have, however, been largely overlooked in other key habitats. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the abundances and distribution of C. harfordi across different habitats representative of Sydney Harbour. Results showed that C. harfordi occurred in oyster and mussel-beds, being particularly abundant in oyster-beds. We also aimed to determine the role of C. harfordi as a predator, scavenger and detritus feeder by investigating the relationships between densities of C. harfordi and (i) the structure of the resident assemblages, and (ii) deposited organic matter in oyster-beds. Densities of C. harfordi were not related to the structure of the assemblages, nor amounts of deposited organic matter. These findings suggested little or no ecological impacts of C. harfordi in oyster-beds. These relationships may, however, affect other variables such as growth of individuals, or be disguised by high variability of assemblages among different locations. Future studies should, therefore, test the impacts of C. harfordi on the size of organisms in the assemblage and use manipulative experiments to control for spatial variation. This study is the first published work on the ecology of the invasion of C. harfordi and provides the starting-point for the study of the impacts of this species in Sydney Harbour. PMID:24466227

Bugnot, Ana B.; Coleman, Ross A.; Figueira, Will F.; Marzinelli, Ezequiel M.

2014-01-01

135

If you have any comments or questions concerning this Bulletin, please email the Scholarships Office: scholarships.officer@sydney.edu.au  

E-print Network

If you have any comments or questions concerning this Bulletin, please email the Scholarships Office: scholarships.officer@sydney.edu.au Previously advertised scholarships can be found on our website: http://www.sydney.edu.au/scholarships/research/ To unsubscribe from this bulletin, please visit http

Viglas, Anastasios

136

Estimates of costs by DRG in Sydney teaching hospitals: an application of the Yale cost model.  

PubMed

The results are reported of a first round of costing by DRG in seven major teaching hospital sites in Sydney using the Yale cost model. These results, when compared between the hospitals and with values of relative costs by DRG from the United States, indicate that the cost modelling procedure has produced credible and potentially useful estimates of casemix costs. The rationale and underlying theory of cost modelling is explained, and the need for further work to improve the method of allocating costs to DRGs, and to improve the cost centre definitions currently used by the hospitals, is emphasised. PMID:10117339

Palmer, G; Aisbett, C; Fetter, R; Winchester, L; Reid, B; Rigby, E

1991-01-01

137

Improving the public house in Britain, 1920-40: Sir Sydney Nevile and "social work".  

PubMed

The "improved public house" movement in the inter-war years was a central part of the shift towards retailing by the brewing industry. An important part of the reform movement was the alliance between certain brewers, notably Whitbread, and "social workers", particularly those associated with the University Settlement movement in London. Using the papers of Sydney Nevile, the importance of a particular social milieu is outlined, calling into question attempts to align the movement to improve public houses with transatlantic Progressivism. Rather, this alliance drew upon longstanding English traditions of public service and religious affiliation amongst a fraction of the gentry. PMID:20658777

Mutch, Alistair

2010-01-01

138

Proc. International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), vol. I, pp 460 463, Sydney (Australia), May 2001 A Design Strategy for a 1-V Rail-to-Rail Input / Output CMOS Opamp  

E-print Network

(Australia), May 2001 A Design Strategy for a 1-V Rail-to-Rail Input / Output CMOS Opamp Christian Jesus B, roberts}@macs.ece.mcgill.ca | sawan@vlsi.polymtl.ca ABSTRACT A design strategy for a rail-to-rail input consequence of the lowered power supply is the need for rail-to-rail input stages in order to compensate

Fayomi, Christian

139

Proc. International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), vol. I, pp 639 642, Sydney (Australia), May 2001 A 1-V, 10-bit Rail-to-Rail Successive Approximation Analog-to-Digital Converter  

E-print Network

(Australia), May 2001 A 1-V, 10-bit Rail-to-Rail Successive Approximation Analog-to-Digital Converter based on a novel implementation of the bootstrapped low-voltage analog CMOS switch with a novel rail-to-rail track- and-latch comparator circuit is described. A pMOS-only ladder containing a rail-to-rail current

Fayomi, Christian

140

Effect of storage on the quality of purified live Pacific and Sydney rock oysters Effet du stockage sur la qualité des huîtres du Pacifique et de Sydney vivantes purifiées  

Microsoft Academic Search

In December, 1990, the NSW Minister for Agriculture and Rural Affairs removed the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) from the noxious fish list for the Port Stephens area, permit- ting it's cultivation. As Port Stephens Pacific oysters are grown intertidally, similar to Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea commercialis), there was a belief that they may have different sto- rage requirements to overseas

PHILLIP D. BIRD; GLENDA J. ARNOLD; JOHN HOLLIDAY; ANJALI BORONOWSKY

141

Social and Cultural Factors Affecting Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use during Menopause in Sydney and Bologna  

PubMed Central

Background. Previous surveys found CAM use during menopause to be popular. This paper compares the results from two surveys (Sydney and Bologna) to examine factors that determine the extent and pattern of CAM use to alleviate menopausal symptoms. Methods. Women, aged 45–65 years, who were symptomatic when transitioning through menopause or asymptomatic but taking menopause-specific treatments, were recruited in Sydney (n=1,296) and Bologna (n=1,106) to complete the same voluntary, anonymous, and self-administered questionnaire. The results were reanalysed using stratified analyses to determine similarities and differences. Results. Demographics of the two cohorts differed significantly. CAM was more popular in Sydney. The most significant determinants of CAM use were the use of CAM for other conditions besides menopause and the severity of vasomotor symptoms. Occupational status was a determinant of CAM use amongst Bologna respondents only. In order to relieve symptoms, Australian and Italian women used different CAM modalities whose effectiveness was generally perceived as good. Conclusion. CAM use is popular amongst menopausal women from Sydney and Bologna. Differences in the patterns of CAM use seem to depend on CAM availability and on the educational level and professional status of users. The complex interaction between market, social, and cultural factors of CAM use seems to be more influential on women's choice of CAM than the available evidence of their effectiveness. PMID:24459531

van der Sluijs, Corinne; Lombardo, Flavia L.; Lesi, Grazia; Bensoussan, Alan; Cardini, Francesco

2013-01-01

142

Development of local knowledge of environmental contamination in Sydney, Nova Scotia: Environmental health practice from an environmental justice perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Sydney, Nova Scotia, from 1901 through 1988 a coke and steel factory operated with no pollution controls, depositing over a million tons of particulate matter and releasing several thousands of tons of coal tar into the estuary. Previously we documented the presence of lead, arsenic and PAHs, in soil above Canadian guidelines, and in house dust in the communities

Timothy W. Lambert; Lindsay Guyn

2006-01-01

143

Supporting African Refugees in Greater Western Sydney: A Critical Ethnography of After-School Homework Tutoring Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the Refugee Action Support Partnership Project between the University of Western Sydney, The Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation and the NSW-Department of Education and Training (DET). The critical ethnographic method is used to evaluate the after-school homework tutoring centres as a vehicle of literacy development…

Naidoo, Loshini

2008-01-01

144

Harvard UniversityNanjing UniversityUniversity of Sydney The Third International Summer School for China Studies  

E-print Network

Harvard UniversityNanjing UniversityUniversity of Sydney The Third International Summer School to host the First and Second International Summer School for China Studies, which was attended by 80) International Summer School in China Studies. Aims To spotlight the international implications of Chinese

Wu, Yih-Min

145

USYD Travelling Scholarships 2013 i Applications close 15 April 2013 The University of Sydney Travelling Scholarships Information for 2013  

E-print Network

USYD Travelling Scholarships 2013 i Applications close 15 April 2013 The University of Sydney Travelling Scholarships ­ Information for 2013 (Including the Eleanor Sophia Wood Postdoctoral Fellowship) Closing: Monday, 15 April 2013 Travelling Scholarships are intended to fund graduates of the University

Viglas, Anastasios

146

The Impact of a Pathway College on Reputation and Brand Awareness for Its Affiliated University in Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect that a prospective pathway college affiliated to a large comprehensive university in Sydney may have on the university's reputation. In particular, the association of reputation with preference for a pathway college, brand awareness and the opinion of college brand are examined.…

Brewer, Ann; Zhao, Jingsong

2010-01-01

147

Building research capacity in south-west Sydney through a Primary and Community Health Research Unit.  

PubMed

The Primary and Community Health Research Unit was established in 2010 in south-west Sydney to build research capacity in primary and community health services and help generate evidence to underpin clinical activities. In 2011, six project teams participated in a 12-month researcher mentoring program, undertaking projects in quality improvement and service evaluation. Project teams were linked with academic mentors and participated in four research skill development workshops covering research design, research ethics, statistical analysis and academic writing. All project teams presented their work at two or more research conferences, and all are preparing manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed journals. The Primary and Community Health Research Unit's approach to research capacity building in primary and community health services appears to be effective in supporting novice researchers to undertake research in their clinical settings. Sustainability is dependent on securing ongoing funding. Further analysis is needed to identify strengths and weaknesses of this approach. PMID:23050636

Friesen, Emma L; Comino, Elizabeth J; Reath, Jennifer; Derrett, Alison; Johnson, Maree; Davies, Gawaine Powell; Teng-Liaw, Siaw; Kemp, Lynn

2014-01-01

148

Infectious microbial diseases and host defense responses in Sydney rock oysters  

PubMed Central

Aquaculture has long been seen as a sustainable solution to some of the world's growing food shortages. However, experience over the past 50 years indicates that infectious diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotes limit the productivity of aquaculture. In extreme cases, these types of infectious agents threaten the viability of entire aquaculture industries. This article describes the threats from infectious diseases in aquaculture and then focuses on one example (QX disease in Sydney rock oysters) as a case study. QX appears to be typical of many emerging diseases in aquaculture, particularly because environmental factors seem to play a crucial role in disease outbreaks. Evidence is presented that modulation of a generic subcellular stress response pathway in oysters is responsible for both resistance and susceptibility to infectious microbes. Understanding and being able to manipulate this pathway may be the key to sustainable aquaculture. PMID:24795701

Raftos, David A.; Kuchel, Rhiannon; Aladaileh, Saleem; Butt, Daniel

2014-01-01

149

Graham A. Colditz, MD, DrPH BORN: Sydney, Australia  

E-print Network

of Alabama at Birmingham Cancer and Nutrition Research Unit, Special Review Committee, National Cancer: (office) Siteman Cancer Center 660 So. Euclid, Box 8100 St. Louis, MO 63110 Telephone: (314) 454, Alvin J.Siteman Cancer Center Deputy Director, Institute for Public Health Washington University School

Dobbins, Ian G.

150

Breast cancer diagnosis by screening mammography: early results of the Central Sydney Area Health Service Breast X-ray Programme.  

PubMed

The Central Sydney Area Health Service (CSAHS) Breast X-ray Programme is a pilot mammography screening project for breast cancer detection funded by the NSW Government. Screening by two-view mammography is carried out in a mobile van and is offered free to women aged over 45 years living in the CSAHS region, the inner western suburbs of Sydney. In the first 18 months of operation from March 1988, 7193 women were screened: 99 women underwent excision biopsy and 53 cancers were diagnosed. This is an overall detection rate of seven cancers per thousand women screened. Sixty per cent of the cancers were impalpable to the examining surgeon; 19% of all cancers were shown to have axillary node metastasis at the time of diagnosis. These results compare well with those of the major European screening studies. PMID:1986190

Rickard, M T; Lee, W; Read, J W; Scott, A J; Stephen, D D; Grace, J

1991-01-21

151

Error analysis of large-eddy simulation of the turbulent non-premixed sydney bluff-body flame  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computational error analysis is applied to the large-eddy simulation of the turbulent non-premixed Sydney bluff-body flame, where the error is defined with respect to experimental data. The error-landscape approach is extended to heterogeneous compressible turbulence, which is coupled to combustion as described by a flamelet model. The Smagorinsky model formulation is used to model the unknown turbulent stresses. We

A. M. Kempf; B. J. Geurts; J. C. Oefelein

2011-01-01

152

Next generation sequence analysis of the transcriptome of Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) exposed to a range of environmental stressors.  

PubMed

Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) were exposed to environmental stressors at contaminated field sites or in a controlled laboratory setting. RNA seq transcriptome data were generated for the gill and digestive gland using Roche's 454 pyrosequencing technology. 28,685 contigs were de novo assembled which encoded 11,671 different protein products. The data will act as a reference for future studies in ecology, immunology and environmental toxicology. PMID:25151890

Hook, Sharon E; Johnston, Emma L; Nair, Sham; Roach, Anthony C; Moncuquet, Philippe; Twine, Natalie A; Raftos, David A

2014-12-01

153

Significance of the basin wide reverse polarity reflector in the Offshore Sydney Basin, East Australian Margin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Offshore Sydney Basin is located between latitudes 32°30'S and 34°30'S between the coastal cities of Newcastle in the north and Wollongong in the south, covering a total area of ~15,000 squire km. The structural framework of the offshore portion of the basin comprises five principal elements: the Offshore Syncline, an extension of the New England Fold Belt, an offshore extension of the Newcastle Syncline, the Offshore Uplift and the Outer Continental Shelf. The present easterly extent of the basin is the result of Cretaceous rifting and commencement of seafloor spreading in the adjacent Tasman Sea. The continental shelf is approximately 50 km wide offshore Sydney and is edged by relatively steep continental slope. This study has been carried out with 2D multichannel seismic data covering the northern half of the offshore basin. The Cenozoic sedimentary cover of the basin is characterized by two regional unconformities: one at the base of Cenozoic and another intra-Cenozoic. The unconformity at the base of Cenozoic is known as the Top Sydney Basin unconformity. In places the surface is displaced by faults and also characterized by possible mounds producing an overall highly irregular topography. Though most of the faults remained buried beneath the surface some continued up to seafloor. They seem to have NW-SE direction with significant lateral extension. The intra-Cenozoic unconformity forms a prominent reflector at about 80 to 200 msbs (TWT). It is characterized by an angular unconformity with the reflectors terminating onto it from beneath. It is also associated with prograding sequences beneath, terminating with toplap geometry, suggesting that it forms the boundary between a transgressive and regressive phase. This is interpreted as a prograding carbonate dominated shelf-edge. The most interesting aspect of this seismic reflector is that the major part of it presents reverse polarity with respect to the seafloor reflection. The amplitude of the reflector changes laterally and is characterized by patches of high amplitude (bright spots). Contour mapping shows that this reverse polarity reflector is continuous and regionally distributed. The depth of the reflector with respect to the sea surface is too shallow to be a BSR, typically caused at the interface between hydrate containing sediments above and free gas below. Reverse polarity is a common indicator of the accumulation of hydrocarbons. However, alternatively in such shallow depth it can also be caused by the presence of a soft sediment layer. Another important point to note is that no chimney or any other gas escape features have been observed in the vicinity originating from the reverse polarity reflector. However, in the adjacent continental slope, giant pockmarks have been observed on the bathymetry data. They most probably originated from gas sources in Permian coal measures. In order to understand what is causing this reverse polarity further quantitative analysis such as AVO and inversion has been done. AVO analysis and subsequent inversion of selected seismic lines show that some parts of the reversed polarity are characterized by bright spots, especially on the hanging wall side of the major faults, caused by the presence of gas. The stratigraphic position of the reflector suggests that the anomalous horizon could have been formed during the low-stand that followed the high-stand progradation event seen on dip sections. The gas accumulation could then be associated with "back reef" carbonates that during the low stand have been subjected to karstification causing the gas entrapment in vugular pore spaces.

Rahman Talukder, Asrarur; Nadri, Dariush; Rajput, Sanjeev; Clennell, Ben; Griffiths, Cedric; Breeze, David

2010-05-01

154

Histopathologic and histochemical biomarker responses of Baltic clam, Macoma balthica, to contaminated Sydney Harbour sediment, Nova Scotia, Canada.  

PubMed Central

Sediments in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia, are highly contaminated by polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and heavy metals. Histopathologic and histochemical evaluations were made on the Baltic clam, Macoma balthica, exposed to 11 Sydney Harbour sediment samples. Histologic lesions in digestive gland (tubular dilation or atrophy, macrophage aggregates, tubular cell necrosis, and tissue inflammation) and gonads (macrophage aggregates, supporting cell, germ cell, and ovarian cell necroses) were frequently detected in clams exposed to the most contaminated sediments from the harbor. Clams exposed to these contaminated sediments also had the highest acid phosphatase activity. The average scores of tubular dilation or atrophy, ovarian cell necrosis, and the sums of mean digestive gland lesions correlated significantly with sediment PCBs, and the activities of acid phosphatase correlated significantly with sediment heavy metals, PAHs, and PCBs. Among the lesions, digestive gland tubular dilation or atrophy, tubular cell, germ cell, and ovarian cell necroses, and the activity of acid phosphatase are the best sublethal effect indicators in Macoma exposed to Sydney Harbour sediments. Key words: biomarkers, chronic biologic effects, clams, histology, histochemistry, Macoma balthica, marine sediment, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls. PMID:12611654

Tay, Kok-Leng; Teh, Swee Joo; Doe, Ken; Lee, Ken; Jackman, Paula

2003-01-01

155

A reinvestigation of the lipopolysaccharide structure of Helicobacter pylori strain Sydney (SS1).  

PubMed

In this study, we describe a reinvestigation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) structure of Helicobacter pylori strain Sydney (SS1) based on the NMR analysis of oligosaccharides obtained through the use of various degradations of the LPS as well as capillary electrophoresis-MS data. The results of the analysis indicated that the core region of a major H. pylori SS1 LPS glycoform consists of a backbone core oligosaccharide substituted at the D-glycero-D-manno-heptose (DD-Hep) residue by a linear chain composed of a trisaccharide fragment ?-ddHep-3-?-L-Fuc-3-?-GlcNAc, as previously demonstrated for H. pylori strain 26695, further elongated by consecutively added ?-Glc and ?-Gal residues, and terminating in a novel linear chain consisting of 1,2-linked ?-ribofuranosyl residues, where the last ?-ribofuranosyl residue provides a point of attachment for the O-chain polysaccharide: [Formula: see text] where [2-?-Ribf-](n) is a short (three to five residues) oligomer of 1,2-linked ?-ribofuranose (riban), and PS is a polysaccharide chain consisting of N-acetyllactosamine, substituted with ?-Fuc to form Lewis (Le)-type structures. In addition to the previously identified LacNAc, Le(y) and Le(x) components, the O-chain polysaccharide of H. pylori SS1 LPS was found to contain a novel LacNAc unit carrying a phosphoethanolamine substituent at the O-6 position of ?-GlcNAc residues. PMID:21790998

Altman, Eleonora; Chandan, Vandana; Li, Jianjun; Vinogradov, Evgeny

2011-09-01

156

Introduction of enhancement technologies into the intensive care service, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney.  

PubMed

In order to achieve the full potential of information technology in healthcare, information systems must have the ability to share and exchange data, which requires the support of standardised medical terminology, such as Systematised Nomenclature of Medicine--Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT). The Royal Prince Alfred Intensive Care Service and the School of Information Technologies, University of Sydney have been collaborating for over two years, developing pioneering software initiatives for clinical information systems (CIS). More recently, the collaboration resulted in the development of two prototype systems. The Ward Round Information System (WRIS) has been designed to convert clinicians' clinical notes into the formal medical encoding ontology SNOMED-CT, thus enabling more consistent descriptions of patient conditions and allowing large-scale retrieval and analysis from the narrative part of the patient record. In addition, a Clinical Data Analytics Language (CDAL) system has also been developed and is designed to answer questions of the data stored in the CIS. It will assist clinicians in the management of vast amounts of complex information generated during an ICU admission and ultimately improve the quality and efficiency of care. CDAL provides clinicians with the ability to frame any question about their data in their database and get the answer almost immediately. Both systems went live in October 2007, and this report summarises the background, purpose, and progress thus far. PMID:18245864

Ryan, Angela; Patrick, Jon; Herkes, Robert

2008-01-01

157

Musculoskeletal injuries in the ultramarathon: the 1990 Westfield Sydney to Melbourne run.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To document the injuries sustained by participants in a 1005 km ultramarathon. METHODS: Clinical notes were reviewed on entrants in the 1005 km Sydney to Melbourne ultramarathon. An injury was recorded following self referral by a participant or if the history obtained from the runner or his support crew indicated the likelihood of a significant injury which could have an impact upon performance. RESULTS: 64 injuries were found in 32 runners. The knee (31.3%) and ankle (28.1%) regions were most commonly injured. The most common single diagnosis was retropatellar pain syndrome, and Achilles tendinitis and medial tibial stress syndrome were the next most common injuries. Peritendinitis/tendinitis of the tendons passing under the extensor retinaculum at the ankle, an injury infrequently reported in other sports, was common (19% of all injuries). CONCLUSIONS: The injuries were typically associated with running but 12 (19% of the total) involved the tendons of the muscles of the anterior compartment of the lower leg, and in almost every case the major site of inflammation was at the extensor retinaculum at the anterior aspect of the ankle. This injury appears to be relatively specific to the ultramarathon-"ultramarathoner's ankle". Images p321-a PMID:9015594

Fallon, K E

1996-01-01

158

Proteomic discovery of biomarkers of metal contamination in Sydney Rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata).  

PubMed

In the current study we examined the effects of metal contamination on the protein complement of Sydney Rock oysters. Saccostrea glomerata were exposed for 4 days to three environmentally relevant concentrations (100 ?g/l, 50 ?g/l and 5 ?g/l) of cadmium, copper, lead and zinc. Protein abundances in oyster haemolymph from metal-exposed oysters were compared to those from non-exposed controls using two-dimensional electrophoresis to display differentially expressed proteins. Differentially expressed proteins were subsequently identified using tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), to assign their putative biological functions. Unique sets of differentially expressed proteins were affected by each metal, in addition to proteins that were affected by more than one metal. The proteins identified included some that are commonly associated with environmental monitoring, such as HSP 70, and other novel proteins not previously considered as candidates for molecular biomonitoring. The most common biological functions of proteins were associated with stress response, cytoskeletal activity and protein synthesis. PMID:22030410

Thompson, Emma L; Taylor, Daisy A; Nair, Sham V; Birch, Gavin; Haynes, Paul A; Raftos, David A

2012-03-01

159

Quantitative proteomics of heavy metal stress responses in Sydney rock oysters.  

PubMed

Currently, there are few predictive biomarkers in key biomonitoring species, such as oysters, that can detect heavy metal pollution in coastal waterways. Several attributes make oysters superior to other organisms for positive biomonitoring of heavy metal pollution. In particular, they are filter feeders with a high capacity for bioaccumulation. In this study, we used two proteomics approaches, namely label-free shotgun proteomics based on SDS-PAGE gel separation and gas phase fractionation, to investigate the heavy metal stress responses of Sydney rock oysters. Protein samples were prepared from haemolymph of oysters exposed to 100 ?g/L of PbCl(2), CuCl(2), or ZnCl(2) for 4 days in closed aquaria. Peptides were identified using a Bivalvia protein sequence database, due to the unavailability of a complete oyster genome sequence. Statistical analysis revealed 56 potential biomarker proteins, as well as several protein biosynthetic pathways to be greatly impacted by metal stress. These have the potential to be incorporated into bioassays for prevention and monitoring of heavy metal pollution in Australian oyster beds. The study confirms that proteomic analysis of biomonitoring species is a promising approach for assessing the effects of environmental pollution, and our experiments have provided insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying oyster stress responses. PMID:22539440

Muralidharan, Sridevi; Thompson, Emma; Raftos, David; Birch, Gavin; Haynes, Paul A

2012-03-01

160

Changing Water Depths in the Eastern Part of Sydney Harbour due to Human Impacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sydney Harbour has been significantly modified by human impacts from the start of the European settlement in 1788. Land clearing has accelerated soil erosion, resulting in increased sedimentation. Dredging has deepened many areas to accommodate ever-larger ships. In this paper a GIS method is used to map bathymetric changes in the eastern part of the harbour from 1903 to more recently. Dredged areas are apparent in the entrance and in wharfage areas, while sedimentation is most marked around the deepest section, which is well inside the harbour itself. In this latter region sediment has built up considerably, to over 3 m in some locations, and ship-induced motions appear to have had an impact. Despite these changes the overall depth of the eastern part of the harbour has changed little. This work is of interest to maritime archaeologists because it brings out the types of processes by which sediments can accumulate and be removed thus altering a harbour's seabed and potentially burying, exposing or erasing archaeological sites and artefacts.

Mulhearn, Phillip

2014-12-01

161

The Sydney-AAO Multi-object Integral field spectrograph (SAMI)  

E-print Network

We demonstrate a novel technology that combines the power of the multi-object spectrograph with the spatial multiplex advantage of an integral field spectrograph (IFS). The Sydney-AAO Multi-object IFS (SAMI) is a prototype wide-field system at the Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT) that allows 13 imaging fibre bundles ("hexabundles") to be deployed over a 1-degree diameter field of view. Each hexabundle comprises 61 lightly-fused multimode fibres with reduced cladding and yields a 75 percent filling factor. Each fibre core diameter subtends 1.6 arcseconds on the sky and each hexabundle has a field of view of 15 arcseconds diameter. The fibres are fed to the flexible AAOmega double-beam spectrograph, which can be used at a range of spectral resolutions (R=lambda/delta(lambda) ~ 1700-13000) over the optical spectrum (3700-9500A). We present the first spectroscopic results obtained with SAMI for a sample of galaxies at z~0.05. We discuss the prospects of implementing hexabundles at a much higher multiplex over wid...

Croom, Scott M; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss; Bryant, Julia J; Fogarty, Lisa; Richards, Samuel; Goodwin, Michael; Farrell, Tony; Miziarski, Stan; Heald, Ron; Jones, D Heath; Lee, Steve; Colless, Matthew; Brough, Sarah; Hopkins, Andrew M; Bauer, Amanda E; Birchall, Michael N; Ellis, Simon; Horton, Anthony; Leon-Saval, Sergio; Lewis, Geraint; Lopez-Sanchez, A R; Min, Seong-Sik; Trinh, Christopher; Trowland, Holly

2011-01-01

162

Sexual practices in a broad cross-sectional sample of Sydney gay men.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to provide current data on the sexual practices in a broad cross-sectional sample of gay and homosexually active men in Sydney. Anonymous, short questionnaires were completed by 1611 gay men recruited at the 1996 Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Fair Day or at one of six venues (including two sexual health centres) across the metropolitan area during the following week. The sample was diverse, but the men tended to be of Anglo-Australian background, well educated, professionally employed, attached to gay community and gay identified. They mainly had sex with other men rather than with men and women. Most (86.0 per cent) had been tested for human immunodeficiency virus. Excluding 241 men recruited in sexual health centres, 11.2 per cent were HIV-positive and 73.4 per cent were negative. Where it occurred in regular relationships, unprotected anal intercourse was usually between seroconcordant partners (78.5 per cent). Unprotected anal intercourse between discordant or nonconcordant regular partners was much less common, and in about half the cases involved withdrawal prior to ejaculation exclusively rather than ejaculation inside. Almost 12 per cent of the men had at least 'occasionally' engaged in unprotected anal intercourse with a casual partner in the previous six months, with approximately half of these men having adopted a withdrawal strategy on every occasion. We conclude that short surveys can provide valuable and timely data on sexual practices in a broad cross-sectional sample of gay and homosexually active men. Key messages for those involved in gay men's education are the high rates of unprotected anal intercourse between casual partners and the extensive practice of withdrawal. PMID:9489196

Van de Ven, P; Kippax, S; Crawford, J; French, J; Prestage, G; Grulich, A; Kaldor, J; Kinder, P

1997-12-01

163

A proposed origin for fossilized Pennsylvanian plant cuticles by pyrite oxidation (Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fossilized cuticles, though rare in the roof rocks of coal seam in the younger part of the Pennsylvanian Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, represent nearly all of the major plant groups. Selected for investigation, by methods of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and elemental analysis, are fossilized cuticles (FCs) and cuticles extracted from compressions by Schulze's process (CCs) of Alethopteris ambigua. These investigations are supplemented by FTIR analysis of FCs and CCs of Cordaites principalis, and a cuticle-fossilized medullosalean(?) axis. The purpose of this study is threefold: (1) to try to determine biochemical discriminators between FCs and CCs of the same species using semi-quantitative FTIR techniques; (2) to assess the effects chemical treatments have, particularly Schulze's process, on functional groups; and most importantly (3) to study the primary origin of FCs. Results are equivocal in respect to (1); (2) after Schulze's treatment aliphatic moieties tend to be reduced relative to oxygenated groups, and some aliphatic chains may be shortened; and (3) a primary chemical model is proposed. The model is based on a variety of geological observations, including stratal distribution, clay and pyrite mineralogies associated with FCs and compressions, and regional geological structure. The model presupposes compression-cuticle fossilization under anoxic conditions for late authigenic deposition of sub-micron-sized pyrite on the compressions. Rock joints subsequently provided conduits for oxygen-enriched ground-water circulation to initiate in situ pyritic oxidation that produced sulfuric acid for macerating compressions, with resultant loss of vitrinite, but with preservation of cuticles as FCs. The timing of the process remains undetermined, though it is assumed to be late to post-diagenetic. Although FCs represent a pathway of organic matter transformation (pomd) distinct from other plant-fossilization processes, global applicability of the chemical models remains to be tested. CCs and FCs are inferred endpoints on a spectrum of pomd which complicates assessing origin of in-between transformations (partially macerated cuticles). FCs index highly acidic levels that existed locally in the roof rocks.

Zodrow, E.L.; Mastalerz, M.

2009-01-01

164

The Darlington Centre and Forum Restaurant 174 City Road, Darlington NSW 2008 Ph: 9351 4664 Email: forum.restaurant@sydney.edu.au Bon Appetite!  

E-print Network

pp Pear, Pistachio and Smoked Chicken Zucchini Flowers Mini Lamb Burger Honeyed Dutch Carrots LIGHT Pear, Pistachio and Smoked Chicken Salad (GF) 16 With shaved Manchego Cheese and fresh leaves from our.restaurant@sydney.edu.au V vegetarian DF dairy free GF gluten free DESSERT Quince pudding with rosewater and pistachio ice

Viglas, Anastasios

165

A practical approach to identifying the market potential for high speed rail: A case study in the Sydney-Canberra corridor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the methodology and selective empirical results from a study of the demand for a high speed rail system serving the Sydney-Canberra corridor currently dominated by air travel for business trips and car travel for non-business trips. We outline the steps involved in the study from problem specification, data needs, development of base year trip tables, model specification

David A. Hensher

1997-01-01

166

Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide1 Sydney Park Brown, J.M. Stephens, Danielle Treadwell, Susan Webb, Amanda Gevens, R.A.  

E-print Network

, but it is usually worthwhile to improve the garden plot with additions of organic matter (see below). Spade or plowSP 103 Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide1 Sydney Park Brown, J.M. Stephens, Danielle Treadwell Sciences Department, and organic farming specialist; Susan Webb, associate professor, Entomology

Watson, Craig A.

167

Quantal Neurotransmitter Secretion Rate Exhibits Fractal Behavior Steven B. Lowen,1 Sydney S. Cash,2 Mu-ming Poo,3 and Malvin C. Teich4  

E-print Network

Quantal Neurotransmitter Secretion Rate Exhibits Fractal Behavior Steven B. Lowen,1 Sydney S. Cash,2 Mu-ming Poo,3 and Malvin C. Teich4 1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston 92093, and 4Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Physics, Biomedical Engineering

Teich, Malvin C.

168

THE 6TH ANNUAL NEW ZEALAND ~ AUSTRALIA CONFERENCE ON ADDICTIVE DISEASE OUR YOUTH AT RISK  

E-print Network

the effects of alcohol on the brain for over 25 years. Stephen Jurd, MB BS FRANZCP, Sydney, Australia, "Modern Pharmacotherapy for Addictive Disease Treatment." Area Medical Director of Northern Sydney Health's Drug.Ed., Oklahoma City, OK USA, Effective Safe and Drug-free School Programs. President of the National Association

Hofmann, Hans A.

169

Strategies for the municipal waste management system to take advantage of carbon trading under competing policies: The role of energy from waste in Sydney  

SciTech Connect

Climate change is a driving force behind some recent environmental legislation around the world. Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets have been set in many industrialised countries. A change in current practices of almost all greenhouse-emitting industrial sectors is unavoidable, if the set targets is to be achieved. Although, waste disposal contributes around 3% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in Australia (mainly due to fugitive methane emissions from landfills), the carbon credit and trading scheme set to start in 2010 presents significant challenges and opportunities to municipal solid waste practitioners. Technological advances in waste management, if adopted properly, allow the municipal solid waste sector to act as carbon sink, hence earning tradable carbon credits. However, due to the complexity of the system and its inherent uncertainties, optimizing it for carbon credits may worsen its performance under other criteria. We use an integrated, stochastic multi-criteria decision-making tool that we developed earlier to analyse the carbon credit potential of Sydney municipal solid waste under eleven possible future strategies. We find that the changing legislative environment is likely to make current practices highly non-optimal and increase pressures for a change of waste management strategy.

El Hanandeh, Ali [School of Civil Engineering, University of Sydney, Building J05, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)], E-mail: a.hanandeh@usyd.edu.au; El-Zein, Abbas [School of Civil Engineering, University of Sydney, Building J05, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)], E-mail: aelzein@usyd.edu.au

2009-07-15

170

Retrospective follow up of gross motor development in children using propranolol for treatment of infantile haemangioma at Sydney Children's Hospital.  

PubMed

Questions have been raised as to whether propranolol, which crosses the blood-brain barrier, when used early in life may have an adverse effect on gross motor development. A retrospective survey asking questions about gross motor development was sent to the families of children who had been prescribed oral propranolol for infantile haemangioma at Sydney Children's Hospital between 2008 and 2013. It was found that of the 84 patients surveyed, four were delayed in walking unassisted. There was a statistically significant influence if the child was taking other medications which included prednisolone, vincristine, omeprazole, ranitidine, salbutamol, Flixotide, Timoptol and antibiotics. This was not further analysed in this study because of the low numbers involved. There was no statistically significant influence of gestational age, birth weight or length of time on propranolol. This study adds to the retrospective data available; however large-scale prospective studies are needed to identify unexpected long-term side-effects. PMID:24628677

Gonski, Kate; Wargon, Orli

2014-08-01

171

Interview with Sydney Brenner 1 Sydney Brenner is widely regarded as one of the pioneers of molecular biology. He shared the 2002 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine. For a detailed account of his career see his autobiography ( Brenner, 2001). 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following text is an edited version of a recent interview with Sydney Brenner who has been at the forefront of many developments in molecular biology since the 1950s. It provides a participant’s view on current issues in the history and epistemology of molecular biology. The main issue raised by Brenner regards the relation of molecular biology to the new

Soraya de Chadarevian

2009-01-01

172

A cross-sectional study of pre-travel health-seeking practices among travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports  

PubMed Central

Background Pre-travel health assessments aim to promote risk reduction through preventive measures and safe behavior, including ensuring travelers are up-to-date with their immunizations. However, studies assessing pre-travel health-seeking practices from a variety of medical and non-medical sources and vaccine uptake prior to travel to both developing and developed countries within the Asia-Pacific region are scarce. Methods Cross-sectional surveys were conducted between July and December 2007 to assess pre-travel health seeking practices, including advice from health professionals, health information from other sources and vaccine uptake, in a sample of travelers departing Sydney and Bangkok airports. A two-stage cluster sampling technique was used to ensure representativeness of travelers and travel destinations. Pre-travel health seeking practices were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire distributed at the check-in queues of departing flights. Logistic regression models were used to identify significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional, reported separately for Australian residents, residents of other Western countries and residents of countries in Asia. Results A total of 843 surveys were included in the final sample (Sydney 729, response rate 56%; Bangkok 114, response rate 60%). Overall, pre-travel health information from any source was sought by 415 (49%) respondents with 298 (35%) seeking pre-travel advice from a health professional, the majority through general practice. Receipt of a pre-travel vaccine was reported by 100 (12%) respondents. Significant factors associated with seeking pre-travel health advice from a health professional differed by region of residence. Asian travelers were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice and uptake of pre-travel vaccines than Australian or other Western travelers. Migrant Australians were less likely to report seeking pre-travel health advice than Australian-born travelers. Conclusions This study highlights differences in health-seeking practices including the uptake of pre-travel health advice by region of residence and country of birth. There is a public health need to identify strategies targeting these travel groups. This includes the promotion of affordable and accessible travel clinics in low resource countries as traveler numbers increase and travel health promotion targeting migrant groups in high resource countries. General practitioners should play a central role. Determining the most appropriate strategies for increasing pre-travel health preparation, particularly for vaccine preventable diseases in travelers is the next stage in advancing travel medicine research. PMID:22550996

2012-01-01

173

Australia.  

PubMed

This discussion of Australia covers the following: the people, geography, history, government, political conditions, economy, foreign relations and defense, and relations between the US and Australia. In 1983 the population of Australia totaled 15.3 million with an annual growth rate of 1.3%. The infant mortality rate is 9.9/1000 live births with a life expectancy of 74 years. The people of Australia are predominantly of British origin, and their culture and outlook are similar to those of the US. The aboriginal population is estimated to be 1% of the total. Much of Australia's culture is derived from European roots, but distinctive Australian trends have evolved from the environment, aboriginal culture, and the influence of Australia's neighbors. Australia, the world's smallest continent but 1 of the largest nations, is located below the Southeast Asian archipelago and is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean and on the west by the Indian Ocean. Most of the continent is a low, irregular plateau. Little is known of Australia before its discovery by Dutch explorers in the 17th century. On January 26, 1788 the Colony of New South Wales was founded and formal proclamation on the site of Sydney followed on February 7. Many of the 1st settlers were convicts. The mid-19th century began a policy of emancipation of convicts and assisted immigration of free people. The 1st federal Parliament was opened at Melbourne in May 1901. Australia passed the Statute of Westminster Adoption Act in 1942, which officially established Australia's complete autonomy in both internal and external affairs. The Commonwealth government was created with a constitution patterned partly on the US constitution. Australia is a fully independent nation within the Commonwealth. The federal Parliament is bicameral, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. At the apex of the court system is the High Court of Australia. The 3 main political groups in Australia are the Liberal Party, the National Party, and the Australian Labor Party. The ALP came to power in a sweeping victory on March 5, 1983, bringing an end to nearly 8 years of rule by the Liberal/National coalition. Australia has a sophisticated, diversified, and affluent economy (1982 gross domestic product, US$151 billion). The economy is heavily dependent on foreign trade. Since World War II Australia plays an increasingly active role in international affairs. On most international issues, the US and Australia are in broad agreement and cooperate closely. PMID:12178091

1984-05-01

174

R e s e a r c h p l a n University of Sydney Library  

E-print Network

Catalogue Tips Type of search (select appropriate types below) Write down words to use below Enter author. Type words in exact order. Title Use * as the `truncation symbol' to search for alternate word endings Austral* for Australia, Australian etc Two words together are searched as a phrase eg New Zealand. Use and

Viglas, Anastasios

175

Motivational Goals and School Achievement: Lebanese-Background Students in South-Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a general belief that Lebanese-background students in Australia do not usually perform well at school. This study examines the school achievement of Lebanese-background students and the major motivational factors related to their achievement. A total of 271 Year Nine students (117 Lebanese-background and 154 non-Lebanese background) in…

Suliman, Rosemary; McInerney, Dennis M.

2006-01-01

176

Assessment of sediment quality in Avicennia marina-dominated embayments of Sydney Estuary: the potential use of pneumatophores (aerial roots) as a bio-indicator of trace metal contamination.  

PubMed

Currently, coastal intertidal environments are under stress from increased contaminant loads due to urbanization and other anthropogenic disturbances. Mangrove habitats are abundant in tropical and sub-topical intertidal zones and frequently act as a metal bio-filter in estuarine systems. Mangrove reforestation is often considered as one of the management options to protect estuarine-marine habitats. The main objective of the present investigation was to assess the bio-indicator potential of Avicennia marina by determining heavy metal concentrations in pneumatophore (aerial root) tissues and ambient sediments from Sydney Estuary (Australia). We collected mangrove sediments and pneumatophores in fifteen locations covering five major embayments of the estuary for a detailed biogeochemical investigation. Metal concentrations in sediment were mostly above Australian interim sediment quality guidelines (ISQG)-Low and in few instances above ISQG-High values. Enrichment factors (EFs >6, especially of Cu, Pb and Zn) suggest "very severe" modification of sediment in Sydney Estuary in all but one embayment which was mainly due to rapid changes in land use in connection with urbanization. High bio-concentration factors (BCFs) were observed for Cu and Ni in comparison with other metals (i.e., As, Cd, Co, Cr, Pb and Zn). A strong, positive relationship between metals in sediments and pneumatophores suggests potential use of these tissues as a bio-indicator of estuarine contamination and that metals are entering the biotic environment. The study further highlights a positive role of mangroves in sequestering metals from sediments and the water column and thus protecting estuarine environments from pollution. PMID:24345861

Nath, Bibhash; Birch, Gavin; Chaudhuri, Punarbasu

2014-02-15

177

Developments in undergraduate teaching of small-animal soft-tissue surgical skills at the University of Sydney.  

PubMed

This article discusses recent developments in soft-tissue surgery teaching at the University of Sydney, Faculty of Veterinary Science. An integrated teaching program was developed for Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) students with the aim of providing them with optimal learning opportunities to meet "Day One" small-animal soft-tissue surgical competencies. Didactic lectures and tutorials were introduced earlier into the curriculum to prepare students for live-animal surgery practical. In addition to existing clinics, additional spay/neuter clinics were established in collaboration with animal welfare organizations to increase student exposure to live-animal surgery. A silicon-based, life-like canine ovariohysterectomy model was developed with the assistance of a model-making and special effects company. The model features elastic ovarian pedicles and suspensory ligaments, which can be stretched and broken like those of an actual dog. To monitor the volume and type of student surgical experience, an E-portfolio resource was established. This resource allows for the tracking of numbers of live, student-performed desexing surgeries and incorporates competency-based assessments and reflective tasks to be completed by students. Student feedback on the integrated surgical soft-tissue teaching program was assessed. Respondents were assessed in the fourth year of the degree and will have further opportunities to develop Day One small-animal soft-tissue surgical competencies in the fifth year. Ninety-four percent of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that they were motivated to participate in all aspects of the program, while 78% agreed or strongly agreed that they received an adequate opportunity to develop their skills and confidence in ovariohysterectomy or castration procedures through the fourth-year curriculum. PMID:22430078

Gopinath, Deepa; McGreevy, Paul D; Zuber, Richard M; Klupiec, Corinna; Baguley, John; Barrs, Vanessa R

2012-01-01

178

Powerhouses Insidethe2010Sydney  

E-print Network

for the environment by using environmentally-friendly paper and ink to produce U: and we'd ask that you also do your bit for the environment and pass it on to a friend when you're done with it. UTS CRICOS Provider Code usage and recycling; waste management. There are however other less obvious (but equally important

University of Technology, Sydney

179

Interview of Sydney Brenner  

E-print Network

they might have a building somewhere but we did not want to be in a large place with everyone; got agreement for an MRC laboratory of molecular biology and joined up with Fred Sanger who was in urgent need of space; Hugh Huxley and Aaron Klug joined us; I...

Brenner, Sydney

2007-12-13

180

Australia's Biodiversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Australian Museum Online comes this informative presentation on biodiversity. This searchable site allows visitors to learn fun biodiversity facts (such as the evolutionary history of the platypus and the secret life of kelp forests), how to conserve biodiversity through sustainable living practices, and what's happening at the Australian Museum in Sydney. Many of the pages can also be downloaded in .pdf format. Features of the site include RealMedia films on such topics as the Lizard Island Research Station and Sydney's Coastal Reefs; a page about the interpretive strategies of the museum's exhibition, Biodiversity: life supporting life; and biodiversity and forestry case studies in Australia. Well organized and readable, this site will be enjoyable for both Aussies and non-Aussies interested in the science and wonder of life's diversity.

181

Outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by norovirus GII.4 Sydney variant after a wedding reception at a resort/activity centre, Finland, August 2012.  

PubMed

In August 2012, an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred among 88 persons attending a wedding reception at a resort/activity centre in Ylöjärvi, Finland. Of 39 interviewed guests, 23 met the case definition. Two persons were hospitalized. Epidemiological, laboratory and environmental investigations were conducted to characterize the outbreak and to recommend control measures. Investigation confirmed the presence of a new strain of norovirus GII.4 Sydney variant in stool specimens obtained from two wedding guests and on several environmental surfaces in the centre. In the questionnaire study, none of the foods or beverages served during the reception were significantly associated with the illness. Additional cases of gastroenteritis that occurred at the centre before and after the wedding reception supported the hypothesis of environmental transmission of norovirus. After thorough cleansing and disinfection and 1 week's quarantine, no new cases with symptoms typical for norovirus infection were identified at the centre. PMID:24229743

Polkowska, A; Rönnqvist, M; Lepistö, O; Roivainen, M; Maunula, L; Huusko, S; Toikkanen, S; Rimhanen-Finne, R

2014-09-01

182

Agglutinated foraminifera from the Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia: Their use as indicators of sea-level changes in Carboniferous coal-bearing strata  

SciTech Connect

Agglutinated foraminifera and arcellaceans (the camoebians) were examined from Carboniferous (Late Westphalian-Stephanian) cyclothems in the Sydney Basin of Nova Scotia. Their presence confirms that the laterally extensive coal seams, limestones, mudstones and carbonaceous shales were deposited in a paralic setting. Four distinctive assemblages are documented from the coal-bearing strata, and these may be used as accurate paleo sea-level indicators on the basis of the modern distribution of similar assemblages. Mixed assemblages dominated by Ammobaculites characterize siltstones overlying the coal seams, an association typical of mineralic substrates within modern estuarine environments. Assemblages dominated by small, finely agglutinated specimens of Ammotium and Ammobaculites occur in organic rich strata between coal seam splits. Similar assemblages are found in modern salt marshes and upper estuarine settings. Trochammina dominated assemblages occur in mudstones underlying the coal seams. Such assemblages are typical of higher elevations in modern brackish and saline marshes. Monotypic assemblages of the arcellacean Difflugia are also found in the seat earths below coal seams. Similar associations occur today in mineralic substrates below modern freshwater floating marshes. The presence of a Trochammina assemblage has aided recognition of a maximum flooding (transgression) surface below the base of an incised paleovalley, interpreted as a type 1 sequence boundary, in the Bonar cyclothem of the Sydney Basin. The valley incision is attributed to glacioeustatic sea-level lowering. The upper 10m of the 25m thick valley fill contains assemblages of Difflugia, which are succeeded by Trochammina assemblages within the seat earth beneath the coal at the top of the cyclothem.

Wightman, W.G.; Scott, D.B.; Medioli, F.M.; Gibling, M.R. (Dalhousie Univ., Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada). Centre for Marine Geology)

1992-01-01

183

Ecological genetics of the barnacle, Hexaminius foliorum , within mangrove forests near Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial and temporal distribution of allozyme variation at three loci in a cohort of the barnacle, Hexaminius foliorum, living on leaves of Avicennia marina was studied from recruitment to adulthood at three geographical scales. Analysis of populations shortly after recruitment showed that there were significant divergences in allele frequencies at the coarsest geographical scale studied (between estuaries, 50 km apart, Wright's

S. C. Claus; P. M. Ross; B. J. Richardson

2003-01-01

184

Maintenance of chitons on seawalls using crevices on sandstone blocks as habitat in Sydney Harbour, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intertidal seawalls support different assemblages and fewer species than do natural habitats. One explanation for these patterns may be the lack of some microhabitats on seawalls. Preliminary observations suggested that some features of sandstone seawalls, such as the presence of crevices among blocks, may provide chitons with an important habitat. To test the hypothesis that numbers of the chiton, Sypharochiton

J. Moreira; M. G. Chapman; A. J. Underwood

2007-01-01

185

Evaluation of downscaled daily rainfall hindcasts over Sydney, Australia using statistical and dynamical  

E-print Network

and dynamical downscaling approaches R. Mehrotra, J. P. Evans, A. Sharma and B. Sivakumar ABSTRACT downscaling model based on semi-parametric conditional simulation and a dynamical downscaling approach downscaling and statistical downscaling. Dynamical downscaling uses a limited-area high-resolution model (a

Evans, Jason

186

Evaluation of downscaled daily rainfall hindcasts over Sydney, Australia using statistical and dynamical  

E-print Network

and dynamical downscaling approaches R. Mehrotra, J. P. Evans, A. Sharma and B. Sivakumar ABSTRACT downscaling model based on semi-parametric conditional simulation and a dynamical downscaling approach into two groups: dyna- mical downscaling and statistical downscaling. Dynamical downscaling uses a limited

Evans, Jason

187

Small-scale spatial structuring of interstitial invertebrates on three embayed beaches, Sydney, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An understanding of ecological processes hinges upon an understanding of the spatial structuring of their key biotic components. Interstitial invertebrates are a ubiquitous and ecologically important component of sandy beach ecosystems. As many sandy beach taxa have limited dispersal, it may be expected that their populations exhibit a high degree of spatial structuring, yet the spatial scales across which they display baseline variability remain largely unknown. To assess (1) whether interstitial invertebrates display patchiness on embayed sandy beaches, (2) whether the size of patches they form is consistent across three geographically proximal beaches, (3) the key environmental correlates of this variation and (4) its taxonomic dependence, samples were collected at regular (0.5 m) intervals along 15 m long geomorphically similar stretches of three proximal intermediate beaches and analyses of spatial autocorrelation were conducted. On each of the three beaches, interstitial invertebrate communities formed patches of 2-4.5 m in diameter. Spatial structuring of invertebrate communities was driven by harpacticoid copepods and gastrotrichs, and corresponded to spatial structuring of sediments. Sediments, however, explained only 33% of spatial variation in faunal communities, indicating the importance of other abiotic and/or biotic factors. Our study highlights that even on seemingly homogeneous sandy beaches, faunal communities may display considerable small-scale spatial structuring. Examination of spatial structure may lead to a greater understanding of the ecological processes in this system.

Cooke, Belinda C.; Goodwin, Ian D.; Bishop, Melanie J.

2014-10-01

188

Allocation in Practice NICTA and UNSW, Sydney, Australia, email: toby.walsh@nicta.com.au  

E-print Network

.walsh@nicta.com.au Abstract. How do we allocate scarce resources? How do we fairly allocate costs? These are two pressing challenges facing society today. I discuss two recent projects at NICTA concerning resource and cost and food kitchens. This gives rise to a fair division problem with several new dimensions, rarely

Walsh, Toby

189

Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. METHOD: An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409

Li Ming Wen; Victoria M Flood; Judy M Simpson; Chris Rissel; Louise A Baur

2010-01-01

190

FRPRCS-9 Sydney, Australia Monday 13 Wednesday 15 July 2009 STEPPED ISOSTRESS METHOD FOR ARAMID FIBERS  

E-print Network

Keywords: kevlar 49, technora, stepped isostress method, stress-rupture, accelerated testing, activation-term creep behaviour of Kevlar 49 and Technora. This method involves loading a single specimen, instead than TSSP, so offers several advantages. 2 MATERIALS AND EXPERIMENTAL SET-UP Kevlar 49 and Technora

Burgoyne, Chris

191

The uptake of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis within a sexual assault setting in Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

Our aim was to compare the assault characteristics of victims presenting to a sexual assault service who were prescribed HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (HIV PEP) with those not prescribed HIV PEP. A retrospective review was carried out of the medical records of victims who were seen over a 12-month period in 1999/2000.HIV PEP may have been potentially appropriate for 117 victims, of whom nine (7.7%) were prescribed PEP (eight women, one man). There was a trend for prescription of PEP to depend on the type of assault, with those suffering anal penetration most likely to be prescribed PEP, followed by those with vaginal, and then oral penetration (P = 0.08). Those who gave a history of oral or vaginal mucosal contact with ejaculate were more likely to receive PEP compared with those in whom ejaculation occurred at a non-mucosal site (P = 0.03). Most prescribed PEP regimens involved three antiretroviral drugs. In this study, HIV PEP, when prescribed, was in accord with existing guidelines. Future studies should aim to better document HIV seroconversions in victims of sexual assault and HIV seroprevalence in assailants. PMID:15807937

Templeton, David J; Davies, S C; Garvin, A L; Garsia, R J

2005-02-01

192

Shock tubes and waves; Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Symposium on Shock Tubes and Shock Waves, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, August 19-22, 1983  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techniques and facilities are examined, taking into account compressor cascades research using a helium-driven shock tube, the suppression of shocks on transonic airfoils, methods of isentropically achieving superpressures, optimized performance of arc heated shock tubes, pressure losses in free piston driven shock tubes, large shock tubes designed for nuclear survivability testing, and power-series solutions of the gasdynamic equations for Mach

R. D. Archer; B. E. Milton

1984-01-01

193

Journal: Sunita Gupta: Australia June 13, 2007  

E-print Network

imagined; there is a great tour of it. The aquarium was awesome! We saw platypuses, crocodiles, great white urchins, anemones and shark eggs. We took a tour of the Blue Mountains and saw some great natural beauty and Sydney. Australia has equal parts of natural beauty and city. The Great Ocean Road was beautiful

Farritor, Shane

194

The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns (SMILE) study: cluster randomised trial of humour therapy in nursing homes  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine whether humour therapy reduces depression (primary outcome), agitation and behavioural disturbances and improves social engagement and quality-of-life in nursing home residents. Design The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns study was a single-blind cluster randomised controlled trial of humour therapy. Setting 35 Sydney nursing homes. Participants All eligible residents within geographically defined areas within each nursing home were invited to participate. Intervention Professional ‘ElderClowns’ provided 9–12?weekly humour therapy sessions, augmented by resident engagement by trained staff ‘LaughterBosses’. Controls received usual care. Measurements Depression scores on the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, agitation scores on the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory, behavioural disturbance scores on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, social engagement scores on the withdrawal subscale of Multidimensional Observation Scale for Elderly Subjects, and self-rated and proxy-rated quality-of-life scores on a health-related quality-of-life tool for dementia, the DEMQOL. All outcomes were measured at the participant level by researchers blind to group assignment. Randomisation Sites were stratified by size and level of care then assigned to group using a random number generator. Results Seventeen nursing homes (189 residents) received the intervention and 18 homes (209 residents) received usual care. Groups did not differ significantly over time on the primary outcome of depression, or on behavioural disturbances other than agitation, social engagement and quality of life. The secondary outcome of agitation was significantly reduced in the intervention group compared with controls over 26?weeks (time by group interaction adjusted for covariates: p=0.011). The mean difference in change from baseline to 26?weeks in Blom-transformed agitation scores after adjustment for covariates was 0.17 (95% CI 0.004 to 0.34, p=0.045). Conclusions Humour therapy did not significantly reduce depression but significantly reduced agitation. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry -ACTRN12611000462987. PMID:23315520

Low, Lee-Fay; Brodaty, Henry; Goodenough, Belinda; Spitzer, Peter; Bell, Jean-Paul; Fleming, Richard; Casey, Anne-Nicole; Liu, Zhixin; Chenoweth, Lynn

2013-01-01

195

Lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil and house dust in the communities surrounding the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds.  

PubMed Central

This study evaluated lead, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in the residential communities adjacent to the Sydney, Nova Scotia, tar ponds, the area considered Canada's worst contaminated site. The tar pond remediation policy has been limited to the site and some residential properties. We compared background concentrations in 91 soil samples taken 5-20 km from the coke oven site with those in soil samples from the three communities surrounding the tar ponds: Whitney Pier, Ashby, and North End. These surrounding communities were statistically different from background regarding arsenic, lead, and PAHs. Twenty percent of the background soil samples and 95% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian health-risk-based soil guidelines for arsenic (12 ppm), and 5% of the background samples and 80% of the tar pond soil samples were above the Canadian guidelines for lead (140 ppm). Regarding dust lead and arsenic loading, the results provide no evidence that Whitney Pier is significantly different than Ashby and North End. Children in these communities are predicted to have a 1-15% chance of blood lead > 10 microg/dL. The results suggest that lead and arsenic found in the homes originate outside. The lead content of paint in the homes was not evaluated, but consideration of painted wood at the doorway did not confound the results of the study. The results indicate that the residential environment has been adversely affected by PAHs, lead, and arsenic and should be considered for remediation. PMID:14698928

Lambert, Timothy W; Lane, Stephanie

2004-01-01

196

The genus Anomobryum Schimp. (Bryopsida, Bryaceae) in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Spence, John R.,National Herbarium of New South Wales, Mrs. Macquaries Road, Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia) 2002. The genus Anomobryum Schimp. (Bryopsida, Bryaceae) in Australia. Telopea 9(4) 777?792. The genus Anomobryum,has been revised for Australia and five species are recognized: A. auratum (Mitt.) A. Jaeger, A. harriottii (R. Br. bis.) Dixon, Anomobryum sp. (= Bryum argenteum Hedw.),

John R. Spence; Helen P. Ramsay

197

Making Visible the First Women in Astronomy in Australia: The Measurers and Computers Employed for the Astrographic Catalogue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Australia a significant number of women were employed to measure and compute the position of stars for the Astrographic Catalogue at Adelaide, Sydney, Melbourne and Perth Observatories. New archival research has provided evidence that the first women employed in astronomy in Australia were engaged due to this project.

Stevenson, T.

198

Refugee Action Support: An Interventionist Pedagogy for Supporting Refugee Students' Learning in Greater Western Sydney Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the role of community, non-government organisations and universities in assisting secondary schools meet the needs of refugee students. On arrival in Australia, many African refugee communities experience high levels of stress particularly in adjusting to their new environment. The parents and students unfamiliarity with the…

Naidoo, Loshini

2013-01-01

199

The hydrological and economic impacts of changing water allocation in political regions within the peri-urban South Creek catchment in Western Sydney I: Model development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper an integrated model of the hydrological and economic impacts of deploying water within the political divisions in the South Creek catchment of the ‘peri-urban’ region of Western Sydney is presented. This model enables an assessment of the hydrological and economic merits of different water allocation-substitution strategies, both over the whole catchment and in each political region and jurisdiction within it, to be undertaken. Not only are the differences in the water allocated to each region and use revealed, but also the net present values associated with each use within each region. In addition, it is possible to determine measures of equity in water distribution using this approach. It was found that over a period from 2008 to 2031 the South Creek catchment in total would on average use approximately 50,600 ML of potable water a year, the vast majority of this is used in the two urban regions of Penrith and Blacktown. Agricultural water use was also greatest in these two regions. Over this period the allocation system was estimated to have a small net present value of approximately A301 million and the Benefit-Cost ratio was estimated to be 1.06. The urban regions of Penrith and Blacktown and the rural region of Hawkesbury were estimated to have returned a net positive benefit of A76 million, A246 million and A39 million (respectively), while water to Liverpool and Camden was delivered at a loss of A7 million and A52 million over the period assessed. It was found that across the catchment a fair degree of both physical and economic equity occurred between regions, with the exception of Liverpool, which was over endowed with water and paid a high cost for it.

Davidson, Brian; Malano, Hector; Nawarathna, Bandara; Maheshwari, Basant

2013-08-01

200

The Westphalian D fossil lepidodendrid forest at Table Head, Sydney Basin, Nova Scotia: Sedimentology, paleoecology and floral response to changing edaphic conditions  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Strata of Westphalian D age on the western coast of the Sydney Basin expose a fossil forest of approximately 30 lepidodendrid trees within one of several clastic splits of the Harbour Seam. A mutidisciplinary approach was employed to interpret the origins of the coal bed, the depositional history of the site and the response of the fossil forest to changing edaphic conditions. The megaspore and miospore records indicate that the mire vegetation was dominated by arboreous lycopsids, especially Paralycopodites, with subdominant tree ferns. Petrographic, palynological and geochemical evidence suggest that the Harbour coal bed at Table Head originated as a rheotrophic (cf. planar) mire (eutric histosol). The mire forest is interpreted to have been engulfed by prograding distributary-channel sediments; sparse protist assemblages are suggestive of a freshwater delta-plain lake environment occasionally in contact with brackish waters. Lepidodendrids persisted as site colonizers of clastic substrates even after burial of the rheotrophic peatland and influenced the morphology of deposited sediment, but apparently were unable to colonize distributary channels. Equivocal taxonomic data (compression fossils) show the fossil forest to have been composed of both monocarpic (Lepidodendron) and polycarpic (Diaphorodendron, Paralycopodites, ?Sigillaria) lycopsids, genera recorded in the palynology of the uppermost ply of the underlying coal bed. Comparatively rare within the clastic beds of the fossil forest, however, is the stem compression of Paralycopodites, whose dispersed megapores and miospores dominate the underlying coal bed. Tree diameter data recorded equivalent to breast height indicate a forest of mixed age. These data would appear to suggest that some lepidodendrids employing a polycarpic reproductive strategy were better able to cross the ecological barrier imposed between peat and clastic substrates. Foliar compressions indicate that an understory or stand of Psaronius type tree ferns co-existed with the lepidodendrids on clastic substrates, which developed as incipient gleysol soils. The entombment of the forest can be ascribed to its distributary coastal setting, local subsidence and a seasonal climate that fostered wildfire and increased sedimentation.

Calder, J.H.; Gibling, M.R.; Eble, C.F.; Scott, A.C.; MacNeil, D.J.

1996-01-01

201

Sister outsider, or "just another thing I am": intersections of cultural and sexual identities in Australia.  

PubMed

This article originates from a radio project titled Muff Divas and Drag Queens that investigated a wide range of gay and lesbian histories in the state of New South Wales. The project produced two half-hour radio programs that were broadcast nationally on community radio stations in February 1996 to coincide with Sydney's annual month-long Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Festival, the premier event on Australia's queer cultural calendar. Of the two documentaries produced, the first addressed 30 years of queer culture in New South Wales while the second explored our diverse identities as lesbians and gay men. This paper draws extensively on material collected for the second program. Muff Divas and Drag Queens was funded under the Literature and History Program of the New South Wales Government's Ministry for the Arts, with support from the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras cultural program and Sydney community radio station 2SER.FM. PMID:10197553

Duruz, A

1999-01-01

202

Patterns of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Associated with Major Depression among Gay Men Attending General Practices in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our aim was to clarify the role of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use in major depression among gay men attending general medical practices. A secondary analysis was conducted on survey data collected from 531 gay men attending high-HIV-caseload general practices in Adelaide and Sydney, Australia. The survey contained demographic, social,…

Holt, Martin; Bryant, Joanne; Newman, Christy E.; Paquette, Dana M.; Mao, Limin; Kidd, Michael R.; Saltman, Deborah C.; Kippax, Susan C.

2012-01-01

203

1999 Macmillan Magazines Ltd on the Comparative Biology of the Monocotyledons, Sydney, Australia, (eds Wilson, K. & Morrison, D.)  

E-print Network

and Classification of Flowering Plants (The New York Botanical Garden, New York, 1988). 27. Takhtajan, A, USA kJodrell Laboratory Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3DS, UK much of our food, fibre, medicine and timber, yet their origin and early evolution have remained

204

Working Knowledge: Productive Learning at Work. Proceedings [of the] International Conference (Sydney, Australia, December 10-13, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference proceedings contains 65 presentations and 3 colloquiums from a conference that dealt with knowledge at work and knowledge that works and with how education can be successfully integrated into work and work into education. The papers are "Reading the Contexts of Complex Incidents of Adult Education Practice" (Apte); "Models of Work…

Symes, Colin, Ed.

205

SEROLOGIC SURVEY FOR TOXOPLASMA GONDII AND NEOSPORA CANINUM IN THE COMMON BRUSHTAIL POSSOM (TRICHOSURUS VULPECULA) FROM URBAN SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) has well adapted to increasing urbanization resulting in greater interaction with humans and their domestic pets. Wildlife species in urban areas face a higher risk of exposure to zoonotic pathogens and may be affected by parasites hosted by cats (...

206

Responses of community to the possible use of recycled water for washing machines: A case study in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recycled water is a valuable resource that has potential to free up potable water supplies and recharge systems while improving the environment. Recycled water for washing machine could be one of the options as new end use of recycled water to alleviate the demand on existing and limited water supplies. This paper summarizes the findings of a research survey in

Thi Thu Nga Pham; Huu Hao Ngo; Wenshan Guo; Ho Phuong Dung Dang; Bandita Mainali; Archie Johnston; Andrzej Listowski

2011-01-01

207

The UniversiTy of new soUTh wales | sydney | aUsTralia Research Strength  

E-print Network

and sustainability 08 next Generation Materials and technologies 10 social Policy, Government and Health Policy 12 iCt and technologies social Policy, government and health Policy Information and communications technology, robotics for functional nanomaterials centre for Quantum computation and communication technology centre of excellence

New South Wales, University of

208

In Proc. of IEEE Globecom'98, Sydney, Australia, November 812, 1998 AN APPROACH TO PRICING AND RESOURCE SHARING  

E-print Network

Union under ACTS Project CASHMAN (AC­039). y Also with the Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Crete Institute of Computer Science (ICS) Foundation for Research and Technology ­ Hellas (FORTH) P.O. Box 1385) in order to achieve economically fair resource sharing. Experiments demonstrate how our approach can dif

Siris, Vasilios A.

209

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology `98, University of Sydney, Australia, 185.  

E-print Network

newspapers in German- and French-speaking domains, Rey develops some empirically grounded hypotheses routines. Rey proposes a few differences can be ascertained in the communication of German- and French concerning the different uses of electronic communication in German- and French-speaking Switzerland. #12;#12;

Thomas, Richard C.

210

In Proceedings of APSEC 2010 Cloud Workshop, Sydney, Australia, 30th An Analysis of The Cloud Computing Security Problem  

E-print Network

of The Cloud Computing Security Problem Mohamed Al Morsy, John Grundy and Ingo Müller Computer Science to adopt IT without upfront investment. Despite the potential gains achieved from the cloud computing solution. Keywords: cloud computing; cloud computing security; cloud computing security management. I

Grundy, John

211

Up-regulation of hepatic ABCC2, ABCG2, CYP1A1 and GST in multixenobiotic-resistant killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) from the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada.  

PubMed

Cellular defence against accumulation of toxic xenobiotics includes metabolism by phase I and II enzymes and export of toxicants and their metabolites via ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Liver gene expression of representatives of these three protein groups was examined in a population of multixenobiotic-resistant killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) from the Sydney Tar Ponds, Nova Scotia, Canada. The Tar Ponds are heavily polluted with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls and heavy metals. The relationship among ABC transporters ABCB1, ABCB11, ABCC2, ABCG2, phase I enzyme cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) and phase II enzyme glutathione-S-transferase (GST-mu) was investigated by quantifying hepatic transcript abundance. In Tar Pond killifish, hepatic mRNA expression levels of ABCC2, ABCG2, CYP1A1 and GST-mu were elevated compared to reference sites, suggesting that hydrophobic contaminants undergo phase I and II metabolism and are then excreted into the bile of these fish. Hepatic ABCB1 and ABCB11 mRNA were not up-regulated in Tar Pond fish compared to two reference sites, indicating that these two proteins are not involved in conferring multixenobiotic resistance to Tar Pond killifish. The results suggest instead that liver up-regulation of phase I and II enzymes and complementary ABC transporters ABCC2 and ABCG2 may confer contaminant resistance to Tar Pond fish. PMID:19443023

Paetzold, S Christine; Ross, Neil W; Richards, Robert C; Jones, Martha; Hellou, Jocelyne; Bard, Shannon M

2009-07-01

212

Geothermal development in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Australia, natural hot springs and hot artesian bores have been developed for recreational and therapeutic purposes. A district heating system at Portland, in the Otway Basin of western Victoria, has provided uninterrupted service for 12 Sears without significant problems, is servicing a building area of 18 990 sq m, and has prospects of expansion to manufacturing uses. A geothermal well has provided hot water for paper manufacture at Traralgon, in the Gippsland Basin of eastern Victoria. Power production from hot water aquifers was tested at Mulka in South Australia, and is undergoing a four-year production trial at Birdsville in Queensland. An important Hot Dry Rock resource has been confirmed in the Cooper Basin. It has been proposed to build an HDR experimental facility to test power production from deep conductive resources in the Sydney Basin near Muswellbrook.

Burns, K. L.; Creelman, R. A.; Buckingham, N. W.; Harrington, H. J.

213

Geothermal development in Australia  

SciTech Connect

In Australia, natural hot springs and hot artesian bores have been developed for recreational and therapeutic purposes. A district heating system at Portland, in the Otway Basin of western Victoria, has provided uninterrupted service for 12 Sears without significant problems, is servicing a building area of 18 990 m{sup 2}, and has prospects of expansion to manufacturing uses. A geothermal well has provided hot water for paper manufacture at Traralgon, in the Gippsland Basin of eastern Victoria. Power production from hot water aquifers was tested at Mulka in South Australia, and is undergoing a four-year production trial at Birdsville in Queensland. An important Hot Dry Rock resource has been confirmed in the Cooper Basin. It has been proposed to build an HDR experimental facility to test power production from deep conductive resources in the Sydney Basin near Muswellbrook.

Burns, K.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Creelman, R.A. [Creelman (R.A.) and Associates, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Buckingham, N.W. [Glenelg Shire Council, Portland, VIC (Australia); Harrington, H.J. [Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)]|[Sydney Univ., NSW (Australia)

1995-03-01

214

Sharing beliefs: What sexuality means to Muslim Iranian women living in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Iran, women's sexual self?understandings are strongly determined by religious teaching. This study explores the meanings generated through the lived experience of sexuality of women residing in Australia that may challenge certain received Islamic notions of sexuality. Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 51 Iranian women in Sydney alongside 10 semi?structured interviews with Shi'ite clergy in Iran. Findings

Effat Merghati Khoei; Anna Whelan; Jeffrey Cohen

2008-01-01

215

Have the short-term mortality effects of particulate matter air pollution changed in Australia over the period 1993-2007?  

PubMed

The author investigates whether the mortality effect of particulate matter air pollution (PM10) has changed in Australia over the period 1993-2007. This period corresponds to an era of increasing Government intervention aimed at improving air quality and, as a result, a potential decrease in the toxicity of PM10. Evidence is found that the mortality effect of PM10 has declined in both Brisbane and Sydney. For Sydney we estimate that the effects of PM10 on total and cardiovascular mortality are, respectively, decreasing at the rate of 10% and 13% annually. We speculate that one possible reason for this decline could be a reduction in the toxicity of PM10. A difference between this study and a similar United States study is that PM10 concentrations have not been declining in Australia. This means that the observed decline in the mortality effect of PM10 is not an artefact of a declining PM10 concentration. PMID:23892067

Roberts, Steven

2013-11-01

216

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY HONOURS AT GRADUATION,  

E-print Network

Gardiner C Gareeva A Gavin M Gibson JA Gidney PX Glancey ME Goss AS Gouffe R Graham EC Granziera H Gray DR Rachmat KT Richardson TE Rigby MA Rizzuto FJ Roberts S Roche C Roffey EF Rose AJ Rouesnel L Ryba C Sadler Sim YW Simadas BJ Simmons B Siu S Sketchley C Smith AJ Smith GM Smith NA Snir AD Stachowski CL

Viglas, Anastasios

217

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL  

E-print Network

and logistics coordination. Supply chains are ubiquitous. They exist across industries and are increasingly in virtually all industry sectors depends on them. THE INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS STUDIES (ITLS,000. For those interested in a logistics career, supply chain analysts, demand planners and logistics supervisors

Viglas, Anastasios

218

THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY BUSINESS SCHOOL  

E-print Network

and industries where they are in most demand. Moreover, seaborne transport has dramatically reduced the cost and maritime logistics. Additionally, we discuss the role of regulation in limiting industry market power authority and investor perspectives. In particular, it covers the economics, logistics, management

Viglas, Anastasios

219

Smoke Blankets New South Wales, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Australia's largest city of Sydney was clouded with smoke when more than 70 wildfires raged across the state of New South Wales. These images were captured on the morning of December 30, 2001, by the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. The left-hand image is from the instrument's 26-degree forward-viewing camera, and the right-hand image is from the 60-degree forward-viewing camera. The vast extent of smoke from numerous fires is visible, particularly in the more oblique view. Sydney is located just above image center.

Dubbed the 'black Christmas' fires, the blazes destroyed more than 150 homes and blackened over 5000 square kilometers (about 1.24 million acres) of farmland and wilderness between December 23, 2001 and January 3, 2002. Many of the fires are believed to have been caused by arsonists, with only one fire linked to natural causes. The fires were aggravated by gusty winds and hot dry weather conditions. Approximately 20,000 people have worked to contain the blazes. No people have lost their lives or been seriously injured. Nevertheless, the fires are considered to be the most prolonged and destructive of any in Australia since the Ash Wednesday conflagration of 1983 that claimed 72 lives.

The images represent an area 322 kilometers x 374 kilometers and were captured during Terra orbit 10829.

2002-01-01

220

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 321-326.  

E-print Network

in messages and media (Trevino et al., 1990). In the latter, we find reduced social cues (Sproull and Kiesler School The University of Salford, UK 1. Introduction As the use of computer-mediated communication (CMC with the issues of media choice and media effects. There are three theories in the mainstream of the former

Thomas, Richard C.

221

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 21-33.  

E-print Network

of electricity, and can be most easily recognized in the work of Nikola Tesla (Cheney, 1981). In the late 1890s Tesla envisioned a world linked by electricity. He proposed the development of a global electrical network to facilitate communication. Tesla believed that anything could be coded into electrical impulses

Thomas, Richard C.

222

The Future of Interpreting & Translation: Keeping in Touch with a Changing World. Proceedings of the Conference (University of Western Sydney, Macarthur, New South Wales, Australia, April 1, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from a conference on translating and interpreting include: "Babel and the Brain" (Philip Grundy); "Simultaneous Interpreting: Its Role in International Conferences" (Yvonne Hu); "The Past, Present and Future of Legal Interpreting/Translating in NSW" (Ludmilla Robinson); "What's In a Name?" (Terry Chesher); "Interpreting and Advocacy" (Colin…

Saunders, George, Ed.; Ginori, Luciano, Comp.

223

"Relating in a Global Community." Proceedings of the International Conference on Counseling in the 21st Century (7th, Sydney, Australia, December 29-31, 1998.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers presented at this conference consider the many roles counselors play in people's lives throughout their lifespan. The age of technology has aided the practice of counseling in becoming international in scope, although there are different functional frameworks that exist in various political, economic, social, and value systems in world…

1998

224

Emergency department visits, ambulance calls, and mortality associated with an exceptional heat wave in Sydney, Australia, 2011: a time-series analysis  

PubMed Central

Background From January 30-February 6, 2011, New South Wales was affected by an exceptional heat wave, which broke numerous records. Near real-time Emergency Department (ED) and ambulance surveillance allowed rapid detection of an increase in the number of heat-related ED visits and ambulance calls during this period. The purpose of this study was to quantify the excess heat-related and all-cause ED visits and ambulance calls, and excess all-cause mortality, associated with the heat wave. Methods ED and ambulance data were obtained from surveillance and administrative databases, while mortality data were obtained from the state death registry. The observed counts were compared with the average counts from the same period from 2006/07 through 2009/10, and a Poisson regression model was constructed to calculate the number of excess ED visits, ambulance and deaths after adjusting for calendar and lag effects. Results During the heat wave there were 104 and 236 ED visits for heat effects and dehydration respectively, and 116 ambulance calls for heat exposure. From the regression model, all-cause ED visits increased by 2% (95% CI 1.01-1.03), all-cause ambulance calls increased by 14% (95% CI 1.11-1.16), and all-cause mortality increased by 13% (95% CI 1.06-1.22). Those aged 75 years and older had the highest excess rates of all outcomes. Conclusions The 2011 heat wave resulted in an increase in the number of ED visits and ambulance calls, especially in older persons, as well as an increase in all-cause mortality. Rapid surveillance systems provide markers of heat wave impacts that have fatal outcomes. PMID:22273155

2012-01-01

225

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 189-192.  

E-print Network

, as well as some pornography were reviewed. Members of the Israeli Knesset (parliament) were shocked and astounded -- not by the pornography, but rather by the fact that "classified" information was readily

Thomas, Richard C.

226

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology '98, University of Sydney, Australia, 255-260.  

E-print Network

C. Ess and F. Sudweeks (eds). Proceedings Cultural Attitudes Towards Communication and Technology of students from multicultural backgrounds to determine differences due to cultural factors when using an elaborated code when communicating with their children. The more complex codes could enable older children

Thomas, Richard C.

227

Use of sedimentary metals to predict metal concentrations in black mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) tissue and risk to human health (Sydney estuary, Australia).  

PubMed

Filter-feeding bivalves have been used extensively as an indicator of ecosystem condition and in management of estuarine environments. The current study aimed to determine whether sedimentary metals could predict metal concentrations in tissue of filter-feeding mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) and to identify areas of the estuary where mussel consumption posed a human health risk. Mussel tissue Cu and Zn concentrations (wet weight) were below guideline values for human consumption in all parts of the waterway, whereas Pb tissue concentrations exceed these guidelines (2.0 ?g?g(-1) wet weight) in the upper reaches of some embayments of the estuary. Concentrations of Cu and Pb in the fine fraction (<62.5 ?m) of bottom sediment reasonably predicted concentrations (dry weight) of these metals in mussel tissue (r (2)?=0.460 and p=0.001 and r (2)?=0.669 and p<0.0001, respectively) as these materials are resuspendable and available to filter-feeding estuarine animals, whereas total sediment and mussel tissue were poorly related. Lead concentrations (>350 ?g?g(-1)) in fine sediments indicated areas of this estuary where human health was at risk due to high tissue concentrations of this metal. These results give encouragement for the use of the metal concentration in fine sediments as an indicator of estuarine condition and risk to human health in this waterway. Mussels were distributed in all parts of the estuary, even in areas where metal concentrations exceeded sediment quality guidelines. PMID:23430733

Birch, G F; Apostolatos, C

2013-08-01

228

Converging Technologies. Selected Papers from the EdTech '90 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology (Sydney, Australia, July 4-6, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains 30 selected papers and abstracts of six additional papers from the 1990 Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology. Titles and authors of the papers are as follows: (1) "Interactive Media into the Millenium" (Clark); (2) "Open Learning Centre Network Project and the Preparatory and Remedial Education…

Hedberg, John G., Ed.; And Others

229

The Second International Conference on Music Communication Science, 3-4 December 2009, Sydney, Australia http://marcs.uws.edu.au/links/ICoMusic09/index.html  

E-print Network

. First, the acoustic load of the air in vocal tract upon the vocal folds and glottis changes from distinguished by the two lowest resonance frequencies (R1 and R2) of the vocal tract. Once the pitch frequency voice at high pitch when setting text to music. 1. INTRODUCTION In normal speech, the vibrating vocal

New South Wales, University of

230

PO Box 123 Broadway, New South Wales, Australia 2007 Advanced Analytics Institute, University of Technology Sydney (Email: longbing.cao@uts.edu.au)  

E-print Network

Task Force on Behavior and Social Informatics and of IEEE Task Force on Educational Data Mining. He in big data, behavior informatics, agent mining, and domain driven data mining, besides general efforts primary research interests: Data science and big data analytics: as one of the pioneer researchers

Cao, Longbing

231

Rotatory seizures in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy 1 Presented at the 21st International Epilepsy Congress, Sydney, Australia, September 3–8, 1995. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rotatory seizures have been reported in association with focal intracranial lesions. This type of seizure was also described in patients with primary generalized epilepsies. To our knowledge, there is only one previous publication denoted an association between juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and rotatory seizures. We present two female patients with JME and rotatory seizures together. The onset of myoclonic jerks

M. Akif Topçuo?lu; Serap Sayg?; Abdurahman Ci?er

1997-01-01

232

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

233

Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae) is native to Australia, not New Guinea.  

PubMed

Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) is partly redescribed and illustrated. Its native range is shown to be in the cool-climate uplands of New South Wales, Australia. H. luxuriosa was originally labelled as collected by L.M. D'Albertis at Sorong in New Guinea. D'Albertis collected on Sorong Island in 1872 and spent the following year in Sydney, New South Wales, before returning to Europe with his New Guinea specimens. It is possible that D'Albertis himself collected H. luxuriosa in 1873, and that the mislabelling occurred later. PMID:24146549

Mesibov, Robert; Car, Catherine A

2013-01-01

234

Supporting a healthy culture: results of the Practice Environment Scale, Australia in a Magnet® designated hospital.  

PubMed

The Magnet Recognition Program® requires evidence that nursing practice environments support staff to provide optimal care, access professional development opportunities, and participate in hospital affairs. The research presented in this article aimed to assess clinical nurses' work environment at a recently designated, private Magnet® hospital in Sydney, Australia. Authors compare results with baseline data collected for a gap analysis before application for recognition. The outcomes challenge previously reported data suggesting that hospitals on the journey to Magnet recognition outperform already designated hospitals in this respect. PMID:25393142

Walker, Kim; Fitzgerald, Katherine; Duff, Jed

2014-12-01

235

Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae) is native to Australia, not New Guinea  

PubMed Central

Abstract Hoplatessara luxuriosa (Silvestri, 1895) is partly redescribed and illustrated. Its native range is shown to be in the cool-climate uplands of New South Wales, Australia. H. luxuriosa was originally labelled as collected by L.M. D’Albertis at Sorong in New Guinea. D’Albertis collected on Sorong Island in 1872 and spent the following year in Sydney, New South Wales, before returning to Europe with his New Guinea specimens. It is possible that D’Albertis himself collected H. luxuriosa in 1873, and that the mislabelling occurred later. PMID:24146549

Mesibov, Robert; Car, Catherine A.

2013-01-01

236

Toxic disputes and the rise of environmental justice in Australia.  

PubMed

The paper examines the rise of environmental justice issues in Australia, evident in two toxic disputes; the first, in a Perth outer suburb in Western Australia where residents faced both a hazardous waste dump and the nation's biggest chemical fire; and the second, in the Sydney suburb of Botany where residents were confronted with the destruction of what is thought to be, the world's largest stockpile of hazardous hexachlorobenzene (HCB) waste. The paper reviews the range of factors that impacted the local communities' fight for environmental justice. It explores the limitations of risk assessment and risk-based policies, as well as the problematic role of the expert and the communication of risk. The informational inequity and resource disparities so evident in toxic disputes are highlighted. The case studies confirmed the inequitable distribution of chemical risk as a failure to secure environmental justice for all Australians. PMID:12749627

Lloyd-Smith, Mariann E; Bell, Lee

2003-01-01

237

Re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Australia.  

PubMed

Iodine is an essential nutrient for human growth and development. The thyroid gland is dependent upon iodine for production of thyroid hormone. It is a common perception that iodine deficiency is not a major public health concern in mainland Australia, with sporadic studies carried out about a decade ago showing average urinary iodine excretion levels of around 200 microg/day. Recent evidence, however, has shown that the consumption of iodine is declining in Australia. A similar situation has occurred in the USA. The present study was designed to evaluate the urinary iodine excretion (UIE), as the indicator of iodine nutrition, in samples obtained from various demographic groups in the Sydney metropolitian area, namely: schoolchildren, healthy adult volunteers. pregnant women and patients with diabetes. Urinary iodine in spot urine sample was measured in a Technicon II autoanalyser using an in-house, semiautomated method. The results in this communication show that all four study groups had the median UIE below 100 microg/L. the criteria set by the World Health Organization for iodine repletion, and confirm what has been described previously, that iodine deficiency has reemerged in Sydney, Australia. One of the major causes of the reduced iodine intake is the reduction of iodine in milk since the dairy industry replaced iodine-rich cleaning solutions with other sanitisers. Secondly, less than 10% of the population are currently using iodised salt. A national survey into the iodine nutrition status in Australia is urgently required as part of the establishment of a systematic surveillance and legislation is required to iodise all edible salt. PMID:11708309

Li, M; Ma, G; Boyages, S C; Eastman, C J

2001-01-01

238

MINI REVIEW ARTICLE published: 27 November 2012  

E-print Network

of Biological Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia 2 The Charles Perkins Centre Recherche Scientifique, France Reviewed by: Raphaël Jeanson, University of Toulouse, France Sean O Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Heydon-Laurence Building (A08), Science Road, Sydney, NSW 2006

Chittka, Lars

239

Scholarships Office Jane Foss Russell Building G02  

E-print Network

1 Scholarships Office Level 5 Jane Foss Russell Building G02 The University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia T +61 2 8627 8112 F +61 2 8627 8485 E research.training@sydney.edu.au http://www.sydney.edu.au/scholarships/research/ ABN 15 211 513 464 CRICOS 00026A Website: http://www.sydney.edu.au/scholarships/research/ Opening

Du, Jie

240

Characterisation of the major dust storm that traversed over eastern Australia in September 2009; a multidisciplinary approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In September 2009, a major dust storm passed over the southeast coast of Australia and covered the large city of Sydney that is located on the eastern coast of Australia. It was referred to as the 'Red Dawn' event. Along its course across the state of New South Wales, the dust plume passed over Canberra, the capital of Australia located some 300 km from Sydney. In this study we identified the sources of the dust and tracked the progression of the dust storm using satellite imagery. We also examined the meteorological conditions that led to the formation of the dust plume. We also investigated the microbial and lipid composition, grain-size distribution, pollen content and geochemical composition of several samples of the dust that fell in Canberra (called 'Canberra dust'), with particular attention paid to the ratio of some rare earth elements as well as strontium and neodymium isotopes. This was done to identify a geochemical and palynological 'fingerprint' of this dust to determine the source of the material. Collectively, the meteorological and fingerprinting analyses identified the principal location of dust entrainment as between the large playa Lakes Gairdner and Torrens in arid South Australia, some 1600 km away from Canberra. We also determined through Sr isotope analyses and other elements measured in the dust that fell in Canberra and the township of Eden, located south of Sydney, that the dust changed composition slightly over a few hours, being the consequence of local dust entrainment along the path of the dust plume across South Australia and New South Wales. In addition, we present a scenario which explains dust transport away from the direction of the major dust plume. Those investigations carried out on the Canberra dust are compared with a previously documented event when dust was also sampled in Canberra in 2002. The origin and composition of the 2002 dust plume was clearly different from that which occurred in 2009, as demonstrated by the different chemical (organic and inorganic) composition, grain-size characteristics and palynological fingerprints, as well as microbial composition.

De Deckker, Patrick; Munday, Chris I.; Brocks, Jochen; O'Loingsigh, Tadhg; Allison, Gwen E.; Hope, Janet; Norman, Marc; Stuut, Jan-Berend W.; Tapper, Nigel J.; van der Kaars, Sander

2014-12-01

241

Posttraumatic stress disorder among homeless adults in Sydney.  

E-print Network

??Doctor of Clinical Psychology/ Master of Science (DCP/ MSc)%%%A number of international studies reveal high prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within homeless populations.… (more)

Taylor, Kathryn

2006-01-01

242

Life Cycle and Ecology of Marteilia sydney; in the Australian  

E-print Network

, 1972). Later it was described by Perkins and Wolf (1976) as Martei/ia sydneyi. Earlier, vague and un microscope studies and flown to the Virginia Institute of Marine Science where Frank Perkins was able to de, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Solomons. MD 20688. Pers. commun. France (Comps, 1970) by the posses- sion

243

Supporting Refugee Students in School Education in Greater Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rarely do refugee students entering Australian schools possess the multiple forms of social, linguistic and cultural capital that are taken for granted in mainstream classrooms. While refugees of high-school age are assisted initially through Intensive English Centres (IECs), the transition from IECs to mainstream classrooms presents substantial…

Ferfolja, Tania; Vickers, Margaret

2010-01-01

244

A SETI Course at University of Western Sydney Macarthur.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course based on the scientific approach to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Explores the biological and technological aspects of the search and the social implications of possible contact. (Author/CCM)

Bhathal, Ragbir

1999-01-01

245

8036 Semester 2 2011 The University of Sydney  

E-print Network

must not be removed from the examination room No notes or books are to be taken into the examination of letters from the alphabet {A, B, . . . , Z}. (a) What is a digraph, and what is the definition of the digraph coinci- dence index of M? (b) If the sequence M were generated by choosing successive letters in

Howlett, Robert Brian

246

Ritual, Liminality and Transformation: secular spirituality in Sydney's gay bathhouses  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the twentieth century religion was radically transformed, as the sacred uncoupled from the institutional Churches. This enabled the sacred to be experienced through what were previously ‘secular’ activities, including sport, rock music, psychoanalysis and sexuality. Individualism and prosperity combined to encourage a focus on personal transformation as the primary religious process. The 1960s also saw calls for self-determination and

Jason Prior; Carole M. Cusack

2008-01-01

247

Development of stable isotope mixing models in ecology - Sydney  

EPA Science Inventory

More than 40 years ago, stable isotope analysis methods used in geochemistry began to be applied to ecological studies. One common application is using mathematical mixing models to sort out the proportional contributions of various sources to a mixture. Examples include contri...

248

GANIL-SPIRAL2: A NEW ERA SYDNEY GALES  

E-print Network

that arise from not only the provision of low-energy stable beams, fragmentation beams and re by high-quality, low-energy Radioactive Ions Beams (RIB) at the SPIRAL facility [1] using the "ISOL are fragmented by nuclear reactions in this target, generating a population of radioactive nuclei which diffuse

Boyer, Edmond

249

Sydney M. Friedman Compiled by Alan Doyle (2002)  

E-print Network

Anatomy at McGill, until he moved to head the fledgling Anatomy department in the Faculty of Medicine Heart Foundation, and also served on the Council for High Blood Pressure Research and the Research Study Committee of the American Heart Association, the Scientific Subcommittee of the Canadian Heart Foundation

Handy, Todd C.

250

SYDNEY COLLEGE OF THE ARTS St JAMES CAMPUS  

E-print Network

­49 people seating 50­85 people Faculty Formal Teaching Space--Computer Laboratories SMS 20 PHARM 30 PHARM 27 PHARM 14 SMS 10 MED 20 SMS 20 ARTS 20 24 20 20 20 30 30 48 30 20 2020 20 20 20 20 20 SMS 12 GEO 10 20 20 AGIE 16 14 ARTS 35 ARTS 35 SCI 30 SCI 21 AGRIC 27 ARTS 24 AGRIC 12 12 AGRIC 16 VET 43 AGRIC 40 40 SMS 3

Viglas, Anastasios

251

Annual Report, 1972. Department of Adult Education, University of Sydney.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report lists the membership for various department-related groups. Following introductory remarks by Director D. W. Crowley, the report lists the replacements on the Joint Committee for Tutorial Classes and the University Extension Board and cites the professional activities of some of the members of the academic staff. The transfer of the…

Sydney Univ. (Australia). Dept. of Adult Education.

252

The University of Sydney MATH2902 Vector Spaces  

E-print Network

dimension. (Hint: Use Theorem 4.17. This was proved in Exercise 5 of Tutorial 4.) Solution. Let V and W be isomorphic vector spaces and let : V W be an isomor- phism. That is, is a bijective linear transformation. Let v1, v2, . . . , vn be a basis for V . By 4.17 (ii) the elements (v1), (v2), . . . , (vn) span W

Howlett, Robert Brian

253

Methods and some implications of beef trade between Australia and the United States  

E-print Network

- Rockhampton, Queensland. Another formal interview was conducted with Steve Martyn, Director of International Trade ? Americas Section of the Australian Meat 6 Livestock Corporation (AMLC) in Sydney, New South Wales. Information was accumulated from..., it takes two days to load a container ship. Port facilities are vital to successful export/import operations between countries. With good port facilities ships are better able to deliver goods to other countries. Ports at Sydney and Melbourne have...

Rutledge, Mark

1988-01-01

254

Comparative Perspectives on Futures in Education. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australian Comparative and International Education Society (10th, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, November 24-26, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The titles and authors of the 12 conference papers presented in this document are: (1) "China's Immediate Future: Renewed Cultural Borrowing" (R.F. Price); (2) "The Feminization of the Teaching Profession in Singapore" (Christine Inglis); (3) "Towards Equity and Efficiency in the Education System of Mauritius" (Helen Topor); (4) "PNG Education…

Liesch, James R., Ed.

255

Practical Approaches to Resolving Behaviour Problems. Selected Papers from the National Conference on Practical Approaches to Resolving Behaviour Problems (2nd, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, July 1990). Programs Implementation and System Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers focuses on practical approaches to resolving behavior problems in the Australian school system. The papers are divided into four general categories: perspectives on behavior problems, focusing on families, schools and system initiatives, and programs in special settings. The papers include: (1) "Beyond Punishment," by…

Richardson, Susanna, Ed.; Izard, John, Ed.

256

2004. SuperSoil 2004: 3rd Australian New Zealand Soils Conference, 5 9 December 2004, University of Sydney, Australia. Published on CDROM. Website www.regional.org.au/au/asssi/  

E-print Network

© 2004. SuperSoil 2004: 3rd Australian New Zealand Soils Conference, 5 ­ 9 December 2004 of the continental crust and is one of two primary loci of life on Earth and for most of human activity. The other heterogeneous and abstruse portion of the entire Earth (NRC 2001). However, we must understand the physical

Sparks, Donald L.

257

VET [Vocational Education and Training] Research: Influencing Policy & Practice. Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association (AVETRA) (1st, Sydney, Australia, February 16-17, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings consist of 46 papers on the influence of vocational education and training (VET) research on policy and practice. These papers are grouped into these categories: impact of research; equity in participation; partnerships and stakeholders; practice and practitioners; research and policy; learning, work, and organizations; and VET,…

McIntyre, John, Ed.; Barrett, Mary, Ed.

258

Initial events in the pathogenesis of acute tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes 1 This paper was presented in part at the XVI World Congress of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Sydney, Australia, March 2–7, 1997. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bacterial and epithelial cell samples were obtained, within 24 h of onset of pharyngeal symptoms, from the palatine tonsils of nine patients (four female and five male; age range 10–40 years, median age 23) with acute tonsillitis, culture-positive for Streptococcus pyogenes. The specimens were examined using fluorescein isothiocyanate- (FITC) and gold-labelled antiserum to S. pyogenes and fluorescence, scanning electron and

Markus Lilja; Simo Räisänen; Lars-Eric Stenfors

1998-01-01

259

Tantalus, restraint theory, and the low-sacrifice diet: the art of reverse abstraction: 10th International Congress on Obesity; September 4, 2006; Sydney,Australia - Symposium: obesity management: adding art to the science, invited presentation.  

PubMed

This paper argues that clinicians face the unique artistic challenge of taking concrete pieces of data - scientific findings - and abstracting them into effective therapeutic interventions. Moreover, this abstraction has to be modified for different personality types. The process of therapeutic change and how it can be impeded by the traditional medical model are briefly explored. The doctor-patient dyadic treatment relationship, while appropriate and necessary for many medical interventions, can disavow the source of change when it comes to lifestyle conditions such as obesity. Restraint theory and its origins in Greek mythology are briefly reviewed and integrated with Bowlby's attachment theory as precepts in developing a psychologically based dietary approach. By retaining in people's diets foods they have a deep emotional attachment to, the low-sacrifice diet attempts to encourage caloric restriction in a way that does not trigger rebound overeating. PMID:18311368

Blair-West, George W

2007-01-01

260

Geographic variation of failure-to-rescue in public acute hospitals in New South Wales, Australia.  

PubMed

Despite the wide acceptance of Failure-to-Rescue (FTR) as a patient safety indicator (defined as the deaths among surgical patients with treatable complications), no study has explored the geographic variation of FTR in a large health jurisdiction. Our study aimed to explore the spatiotemporal variations of FTR rates across New South Wales (NSW), Australia. We conducted a population-based study using all admitted surgical patients in public acute hospitals during 2002-2009 in NSW, Australia. We developed a spatiotemporal Poisson model using Integrated Nested Laplace Approximation (INLA) methods in a Bayesian framework to obtain area-specific adjusted relative risk. Local Government Area (LGA) was chosen as the areal unit. LGA-aggregated covariates included age, gender, socio-economic and remoteness index scores, distance between patient residential postcode and the treating hospital, and a quadratic time trend. We studied 4,285,494 elective surgical admissions in 82 acute public hospitals over eight years in NSW. Around 14% of patients who developed at least one of the six FTR-related complications (58,590) died during hospitalization. Of 153 LGAs, patients who lived in 31 LGAs, accommodating 48% of NSW patients at risk, were exposed to an excessive adjusted FTR risk (10% to 50%) compared to the state-average. They were mostly located in state's centre and western Sydney. Thirty LGAs with a lower adjusted FTR risk (10% to 30%), accommodating 8% of patients at risk, were mostly found in the southern parts of NSW and Sydney east and south. There were significant spatiotemporal variations of FTR rates across NSW over an eight-year span. Areas identified with significantly high and low FTR risks provide potential opportunities for policy-makers, clinicians and researchers to learn from the success or failure of adopting the best care for surgical patients and build a self-learning organisation and health system. PMID:25310260

Assareh, Hassan; Ou, Lixin; Chen, Jack; Hillman, Kenneth; Flabouris, Arthas; Hollis, Stephanie J

2014-01-01

261

Geographic Variation of Failure-to-Rescue in Public Acute Hospitals in New South Wales, Australia  

PubMed Central

Despite the wide acceptance of Failure-to-Rescue (FTR) as a patient safety indicator (defined as the deaths among surgical patients with treatable complications), no study has explored the geographic variation of FTR in a large health jurisdiction. Our study aimed to explore the spatiotemporal variations of FTR rates across New South Wales (NSW), Australia. We conducted a population-based study using all admitted surgical patients in public acute hospitals during 2002–2009 in NSW, Australia. We developed a spatiotemporal Poisson model using Integrated Nested Laplace Approximation (INLA) methods in a Bayesian framework to obtain area-specific adjusted relative risk. Local Government Area (LGA) was chosen as the areal unit. LGA-aggregated covariates included age, gender, socio-economic and remoteness index scores, distance between patient residential postcode and the treating hospital, and a quadratic time trend. We studied 4,285,494 elective surgical admissions in 82 acute public hospitals over eight years in NSW. Around 14% of patients who developed at least one of the six FTR-related complications (58,590) died during hospitalization. Of 153 LGAs, patients who lived in 31 LGAs, accommodating 48% of NSW patients at risk, were exposed to an excessive adjusted FTR risk (10% to 50%) compared to the state-average. They were mostly located in state's centre and western Sydney. Thirty LGAs with a lower adjusted FTR risk (10% to 30%), accommodating 8% of patients at risk, were mostly found in the southern parts of NSW and Sydney east and south. There were significant spatiotemporal variations of FTR rates across NSW over an eight-year span. Areas identified with significantly high and low FTR risks provide potential opportunities for policy-makers, clinicians and researchers to learn from the success or failure of adopting the best care for surgical patients and build a self-learning organisation and health system. PMID:25310260

Assareh, Hassan; Ou, Lixin; Chen, Jack; Hillman, Kenneth; Flabouris, Arthas; Hollis, Stephanie J.

2014-01-01

262

The Regional Impact of Climate Change on Public Infrastructure and Decision Making  

E-print Network

., 2009) Sydney Coastal Council Group The Sydney Coastal Council Group (SCCG) in Australia also conducted research looking at climate change scenarios and potential impacts on various natural and built systems. They used the data available in several...

Bjune, Stephen; Briscoe, H. Dorrell; Cruickshanks, Brian; McElroy, Amy; Nickeson, Daniel; Richardson, Adam; Schmid, Matt; Wang, Fangfang "Jessie"

2009-01-01

263

School of IT Technical Report  

E-print Network

-TEMPORAL QUERIES TECHNICAL REPORT 600 GHAZI AL-NAYMAT, SANJAY CHAWLA THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY AND JOACHIM and Complex Spatio-Temporal Queries Ghazi Al-Naymat University of Sydney Australia ghazi@it.usyd.edu.au Sanjay

Chawla, Sanjay

264

Yi Guo, Ph.D. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology  

E-print Network

, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida. May 2000--July 2002 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Computer 2000 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia. RESEARCH INTERESTS, control of nanoscale systems, nanoscale friction control. FUNDED PROJECTS 1. BECS: Collaborative Research

Guo, Yi

265

Sustained outbreak of measles in New South Wales, 2012: risks for measles elimination in Australia  

PubMed Central

Objective On 7 April 2012, a recently returned traveller from Thailand to Australia was confirmed to have measles. An outbreak of measles subsequently occurred in the state of New South Wales, prompting a sustained and coordinated response by public health authorities. The last confirmed case presented on 29 November 2012. This report describes the outbreak and its characteristics. Methods Cases were investigated following Australian protocols, including case interviews and assessment of contacts for post-exposure prophylaxis. Results Of the 168 cases identified, most occurred in south-western and western Sydney (92.9%, n = 156). Notable features of this outbreak were the disproportionately high number of cases in the 10–19-year-old age group (29.2%, n = 49), the overrepresentation among people of Pacific Islander descent (21.4%, n = 36) and acquisition in health-care facilities (21.4%, n = 36). There were no reported cases of encephalitis and no deaths. Discussion: This was the largest outbreak of measles in Australia since 1997. Its occurrence highlights the need to maintain vigilant surveillance systems for early detection and containment of measles cases and to maintain high population immunity to measles through routine childhood immunization. Vaccination campaigns targeting susceptible groups may also be necessary to sustain Australia’s measles elimination status.

Hope, Kirsty; Clark, Penelope; Nguyen, Oanh; Rosewell, Alexander; Conaty, Stephen

2014-01-01

266

Spatial and Temporal Distribution and Pollution Assessment of Trace Metals in Marine Sediments in Oyster Bay, NSW, Australia.  

PubMed

The disposal of untreated urban and industrial wastewater has a deleterious effect on both the water and sediment quality of Oyster Bay located in south Sydney, Australia. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the potential pollution of marine sediments in Oyster Bay. The results of metals were compared with adverse biological effect values effect range low (ERL) and effect range median (ERM). Spatial distribution of trace metals was estimated by applying geographic information system. The results indicated that the sediments were polluted with Cu, Zn, As and Pb, which exceeded ERL levels. However, these metals were still below ERM values, and other metals Cr and Ni were below ERL. Moreover, the highest concentrations of metals were around discharge points and in the inner bay. Further, trace metals could be attributed to human activities within the bay as they declined in concentrations with increasing sediment depth. PMID:25432296

Alyazichi, Yasir M; Jones, Brian G; McLean, Errol

2015-01-01

267

Disease control during the colonial period in Australia.  

PubMed

The first permanent European settlers of Australia arrived in 1788 to establish a penal colony at Sydney, New South Wales (NSW). As the colony grew and wool production increased, more free settlers and emancipists developed farming in inland Australia. During the 1840s veterinarians commenced arriving in small numbers but they were not closely associated with the development and execution of disease control programs, which was left to lay inspectors of stock. The arrival of William Tyson Kendall and coordinated action with Graham Mitchell led to the establishment of a private veterinary college following the passage of veterinary surgeons legislation in Victoria. From this time, veterinarians came to be appointed to positions formerly occupied by lay inspectors and the veterinary profession was able to take up the role of planning and executing government-led disease control programs. From a colony relying on wool for export to the UK, technical advancements in meat freezing and pasture improvement widened the range and increased the quantity of exported products. Before the advent of veterinary advances, sheep scab was eradicated, a vaccine was developed for anthrax and glanders infection of horses was prevented entry to Australia. Graduates from the Melbourne Veterinary College spread across Australia and in this period a conservative quarantine policy was developed following inaction to control an outbreak of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and the escape of rabbits to form a plague across the continent. Coordinated control of CBPP had to await the next century and advancement of technology increased our understanding of bacteriology and immunity of infectious diseases. Veterinary services were provided to the militia sent by the colonies to the Boer Wars in South Africa 1987-1901 and the veterinarians from Victoria were led by an Australian trained veterinarian. PMID:21696369

Turner, A J

2011-07-01

268

Space Radar Image of Canberra, Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Australia's capital city, Canberra, is shown in the center of this spaceborne radar image. Images like this can help urban planners assess land use patterns. Heavily developed areas appear in bright patchwork patterns of orange, yellow and blue. Dense vegetation appears bright green, while cleared areas appear in dark blue or black. Located in southeastern Australia, the site of Canberra was selected as the capital in 1901 as a geographic compromise between Sydney and Melbourne. Design and construction of the city began in 1908 under the supervision of American architect Walter Burley-Griffin. Lake Burley-Griffin is located above and to the left of the center of the image. The bright pink area is the Parliament House. The city streets, lined with government buildings, radiate like spokes from the Parliament House. The bright purple cross in the lower left corner of the image is a reflection from one of the large dish-shaped radio antennas at the Tidbinbilla, Canberra Deep Space Network Communication Complex, operated jointly by NASA and the Australian Space Office. This image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) on April 10, 1994, onboard the space shuttle Endeavour. The image is 28 kilometers by 25 kilometers (17 miles by 15 miles) and is centered at 35.35 degrees south latitude, 149.17 degrees east longitude. North is toward the upper left. The colors are assigned to different radar frequencies and polarizations as follows: red is L-band, horizontally transmitted and received; green is L-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received; and blue is C-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian, and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Office of Mission to Planet Earth.

1994-01-01

269

A Round Table Discussion on Forensic Science in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manuscript is an edited transcript of a round table discussion held during the Australian New Zealand Forensic Science Society International Symposium held in Sydney in 2010. The discussants covered a variety of topics, including the management of science, the handling of quality issues, and the report on forensic science from the U.S. National Academies of Science National Research Council.

Max M. Houck; James Robertson; Bryan Found; Hilton Kobus; Simon Lewis; Michael Raymond; Paul Reedy; Alistair Ross; Claude Roux; Ross Vining

2011-01-01

270

Australia's role in HIV prevention in the developing world.  

PubMed

A scientist with the National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, addresses the fact that Australians working in the area of HIV infection have been very successful in prevention, treatment, and care. In the early 1980s, a bipartisan political decision was made to foster an effective partnership between HIV-infected communities, health care providers, and governments. HIV-infected communities included sex workers, prisoners, Aboriginal people, and high profile gay community activists. These three different groups succeeded in forming such a partnership, as reflected in the fact that the annual number of new HIV cases is down to 500 from a peak of 3000 in 1984. A key method used to contain HIV infection was needle-and-syringe exchange programs and continuing access to needles to prevent HIV transmission in the injecting drug community. Even though Australia has all this experience and success, it had a backseat role in ushering in the UNAIDS program because Australia did not contribute a significant share of the agency's relatively small budget (US$100 million/year). If Australia were to give just 10%, it would acquire a front row seat along with the Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium, France, and the UK. These nations have the greatest say as to where UNAIDS funds go. The Australian international aid organization has recently received an increase in funds, $110 million for 4 years to spend on four areas, one of which is HIV/AIDS. Australia has just allocated $25 million for a 5-year program for HIV/STD (sexually transmitted disease) prevention in Indonesia. This money would have been able to buy Australia a leading role in UNAIDS. Australians need to reassess their priorities. Australians can help their neighbors in the Asia-Pacific region move away from their denial of HIV to HIV prevention and care. They can conduct clinical trials of shorter and more user-friendly regimens of antiviral drugs that may lead to reduced perinatal transmission and research on microbicides. They can prevent tuberculosis and introduce manageable methods of securing safe blood supplies and mass screening. PMID:8616207

Cooper, D A

1995-12-01

271

Local Studies: A Reaction to the Global Village [and] North Sydney Residents Discover "A Sense of Place" [and] SA State Library Goes Local [and] Stakeholders Discuss Future of Digital Objects [and] The Global Reach of Local Collections [and] Local Interest Re-animates Local History [and] A Country Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several brief articles examine how library and information workers in Australia, along with community historians, are meeting the challenge of finding, cataloging, preserving, and communicating local history to their clients and the world beyond. Describes cooperative initiatives by state, local, and regional libraries; discusses how technology…

Partridge, Jan; Dalling, Cheryl; Ho, Elizabeth; Allery, Linda; Hays, Sally

1998-01-01

272

Struan Sutherland--Doyen of envenomation in Australia.  

PubMed

Struan Sutherland (1936-2002) was the doyen of medical research in the field of envenomation and the ultimate authority on the medical management of envenomated victims in Australia for almost 3 decades. In 1981 as Head of Immunology Research of Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (CSL), he produced an antivenom against the Sydney Funnel-web Spider (Atrax robustus)-an accomplishment that had defied numerous previous attempts. Struan also invented the pressure-immobilisation technique of first-aid for snake bite. This ingenious, simple but safe and effective technique revolutionised first-aid management of snake bite and of some other types of envenomation. It made redundant the use of tourniquets and other dangerous first-aid treatments. Similarly, he helped to develop a snake venom detection kit, which enables doctors working at a victim's bedside to ascertain which snake was responsible and which antivenom should be administered. He had a very wide range of research interests and was a prodigious researcher publishing over 200 scientific and medical articles, numerous chapters in books and the standard Australian medical textbook on the management of envenomation, Australian Animal Toxins. He made major contributions to the understanding of the venoms of Australia's remarkable range of fauna including snakes, spiders, Blue-ringed octopus, ants, jellyfish and stinging fish. Struan served the medical fraternity and the public selflessly. He was always available to doctors, or to anybody, to give advice at any hour of the day or night, on management of envenomated victims. Members of the Australian Venom Research Unit, which he founded in 1994 at The University of Melbourne, now continue this 24-h advisory service. PMID:16920170

Tibballs, James

2006-12-01

273

Identification and characterisation of an ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariant (OsHV-1 µ-var) in Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oysters) in Australia.  

PubMed

Between November 2010 and January 2011, triploid Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oysters) cultivated in the Georges River, New South Wales, experienced >95% mortality. Mortalities also occurred in wild diploid C. gigas in the Georges River and shortly thereafter in the adjacent Parramatta River estuary upstream from Sydney Harbour. Neighbouring Saccostrea glomerata (Sydney rock oysters) did not experience mortalities in either estuary. Surviving oysters were collected to investigate the cause of mortalities. Histologically all oysters displayed significant pathology, and molecular testing revealed a high prevalence of ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1). Quantitative PCR indicated that many C. gigas were carrying a high viral load at the time of sampling, while the load in S. glomerata was significantly lower (p < 0.001). Subsequent in situ hybridisation experiments confirmed the presence of a herpesvirus in C. gigas but not S. glomerata tissues, suggesting that S. glomerata is not susceptible to infection with OsHV-1. Naïve sentinel triploid C. gigas placed in the Georges River estuary in January 2011 quickly became infected and experienced nearly 100% mortality within 2 wk of exposure, indicating the persistence of the virus in the environment. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences derived from the C2/C6 region of the virus revealed that the Australian strain of OsHV-1 belongs to the microvariant (µ-var) cluster, which has been associated with severe mortalities in C. gigas in other countries since 2008. Environmental data revealed that the Woolooware Bay outbreaks occurred during a time of considerable environmental disturbance, with increased water temperatures, heavy rainfall, a toxic phytoplankton bloom and the presence of a pathogenic Vibrio sp. all potentially contributing to oyster stress. This is the first confirmed report of OsHV-1 µ-var related C. gigas mortalities in Australia. PMID:23872855

Jenkins, Cheryl; Hick, Paul; Gabor, Melinda; Spiers, Zoe; Fell, Shayne A; Gu, Xingnian; Read, Andrew; Go, Jeffrey; Dove, Michael; O'Connor, Wayne; Kirkland, Peter D; Frances, Jane

2013-07-22

274

Combining a climatic niche model of an invasive fungus with its host species distributions to identify risks to natural assets: Puccinia psidii Sensu Lato in Australia.  

PubMed

Puccinia psidii sensu lato (s.l.) is an invasive rust fungus threatening a wide range of plant species in the family Myrtaceae. Originating from Central and South America, it has invaded mainland USA and Hawai'i, parts of Asia and Australia. We used CLIMEX to develop a semi-mechanistic global climatic niche model based on new data on the distribution and biology of P. psidii s.l. The model was validated using independent distribution data from recently invaded areas in Australia, China and Japan. We combined this model with distribution data of its potential Myrtaceae host plant species present in Australia to identify areas and ecosystems most at risk. Myrtaceaeous species richness, threatened Myrtaceae and eucalypt plantations within the climatically suitable envelope for P. psidii s.l in Australia were mapped. Globally the model identifies climatically suitable areas for P. psidii s.l. throughout the wet tropics and sub-tropics where moist conditions with moderate temperatures prevail, and also into some cool regions with a mild Mediterranean climate. In Australia, the map of species richness of Myrtaceae within the P. psidii s.l. climatic envelope shows areas where epidemics are hypothetically more likely to be frequent and severe. These hotspots for epidemics are along the eastern coast of New South Wales, including the Sydney Basin, in the Brisbane and Cairns areas in Queensland, and in the coastal region from the south of Bunbury to Esperance in Western Australia. This new climatic niche model for P. psidii s.l. indicates a higher degree of cold tolerance; and hence a potential range that extends into higher altitudes and latitudes than has been indicated previously. The methods demonstrated here provide some insight into the impacts an invasive species might have within its climatically suited range, and can help inform biosecurity policies regarding the management of its spread and protection of valued threatened assets. PMID:23704988

Kriticos, Darren J; Morin, Louise; Leriche, Agathe; Anderson, Robert C; Caley, Peter

2013-01-01

275

Orientations to the Future: A Comparison of Adolescents in Australia and Singapore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an event listing approach, this study examined the personal and societal future orientations of 15 year old males and females in Singapore and Sydney. Three aspects were examined: content, affect, and time-span. Overall, the study found that adolescents perceived their personal and societal futures in separate non-interlocking planes, seeing…

Poole, Millicent E.; Cooney, George H.

276

Atmospheric transport modelling of time resolved 133Xe emissions from the isotope production facility ANSTO, Australia.  

PubMed

The verification of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) relies amongst other things on the continuous and worldwide monitoring of radioxenon. The characterization of the existing and legitimate background, which is produced mainly by nuclear power plants and isotope production facilities, is of high interest to improve the capabilities of the monitoring network. However, the emissions from legitimate sources can usually only be estimated. For this paper historic source terms of (133)Xe emissions from the isotope production facility at ANSTO, Sydney, Australia, have been made available in a daily resolution. Based on these high resolution data, different source term sets with weekly, monthly and yearly time resolution have been compiled. These different sets are then applied together with atmospheric transport modelling (ATM) to predict the concentration time series at two radioxenon monitoring stations. The results are compared with each other in order to examine the improvement of the prediction capability depending on the used time resolution of the most dominant source term in the region. PMID:23917155

Schöppner, M; Plastino, W; Hermanspahn, N; Hoffmann, E; Kalinowski, M; Orr, B; Tinker, R

2013-12-01

277

The multipurpose time-of-flight neutron reflectometer “Platypus” at Australia's OPAL reactor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this manuscript we describe the major components of the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer at the 20 MW OPAL reactor in Sydney, Australia. Platypus is a multipurpose spectrometer for the characterisation of solid thin films, materials adsorbed at the solid-liquid interface and free-liquid surfaces. It also has the capacity to study magnetic thin films using spin-polarised neutrons. Platypus utilises a white neutron beam ( ?=2-20 Å) that is pulsed using boron-coated disc chopper pairs; thus providing the capacity to tailor the wavelength resolution of the pulses to suit the system under investigation. Supermirror optical components are used to focus, deflect or spin-polarise the broad bandwidth neutron beams, and typical incident spectra are presented for each configuration. A series of neutron reflectivity datasets are presented, indicating the quality and flexibility of this spectrometer. Minimum reflectivity values of <10 -7 are observed; while maximum thickness values of 325 nm have been measured for single-component films and 483 nm for a multilayer system. Off-specular measurements have also been made to investigate in-plane features as opposed to those normal to the sample surface. Finally, the first published studies conducted using the Platypus time-of-flight neutron reflectometer are presented.

James, M.; Nelson, A.; Holt, S. A.; Saerbeck, T.; Hamilton, W. A.; Klose, F.

2011-03-01

278

Nutrient accumulation in trees and soil following irrigation with municipal effluent in Australia.  

PubMed

Irrigation of tree crops is being evaluated as a method of land disposal of municipal effluent in Australia. A study was carried out from 1980-84 in which seven tree species were sprinkler-irrigated with effluent at an annual rate of 1191-1752 mm. Effective weed control and frequent irrigation resulted in good survival of all species (range 83-100%) at 12 months. Total productivity was estimated at age 4 years by measuring biomass of each species inclusive of litter and roots to a soil depth of 80 cm. Biomass production of the high-yielding species, flooded gum (Eucalyptus grandis) and Sydney blue gum (E. saligna), was around 10 kg m(-2). Percentage leaf mass of these species was small (8-9%) compared with 25% and 29% for the relatively slow-growing river she-oak (Casuarina cunninghamiana) and radiata pine (Pinus radiata). Accumulation of nutrients in the total biomass differed significantly between species and ranged from 34-54 g m(-2) for nitrogen, 4.0-10.4 g m(-2) for phosphorus, 2.1-12.2 g m(-2) for sodium, 22-34 g m(-2) for potassium, 12-61 g m(-2) for calcium and 4.7-9.3 g m(-2) for magnesium. River she-oak and river red gum (E. camaldulensis), because of their relatively large crown and litter masses, accumulated more nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium than flooded gum or Sydney blue gum. Chemical properties of soils (0-150 cm) were measured in 1980 and again in 1984. Irrigation significantly increased pH (by around 1 unit), throughout the profile. Concentrations of total phosphorus, and exchangeable sodium, calcium and magnesium were increased in the upper profile. Overall, soil chemical properties were not adversely affected by effluent irrigation over the 4-year period, though there was a trend towards more sodic conditions in the soil profile. Nutrient accumulation in soil occurred mainly in the 0-35 cm depth, coinciding with the main root zone of the trees. Renovation of the effluent was therefore estimated as the amount of each nutrient accumulated in the biomass (averaged over the seven species) plus soil (0-35 cm), expressed as a percentage of amount applied in irrigation over the 4 years; that is, nitrogen, 29%; phosphorus, 78%; sodium, 15%; potassium, 26%; calcium, 98% and magnesium, 54%. PMID:15092326

Stewart, H T; Hopmans, P; Flinn, D W; Hillman, T J

1990-01-01

279

THE AUTOMATIC EXTRACTION OF ROADS FROM LIDAR DATA Simon CLODEa  

E-print Network

, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, AUSTRALIA f.rottensteiner@unsw.edu.au Working Group III/3- ger and Brenner, 2003) and produce quite poor detection rates. This paper presents a simple are examined in Section 5. 1.2 The Test Data LIDAR data from Fairfield in Sydney, Australia, was ini- tially

Salvaggio, Carl

280

Asymptotic fields for dynamic crack growth in non-associative pressure sensitive materials  

E-print Network

Waverley, Vic. 3150, Australia b Centre for Advanced Materials Technology (CAMT) and School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering J07, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia c MEEM of material parameters and crack speeds, based on the assumption that asymptotic solutions are variable

Qin, Qinghua

281

Vocal tract resonances and the sound of the Australian didjeridu (yidaki) I. Experimenta)  

E-print Network

Vocal tract resonances and the sound of the Australian didjeridu (yidaki) I. Experimenta) Alex Z. Tarnopolsky School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia Neville H. Fletcher School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia and Research School

New South Wales, University of

282

Multisystemic toxoplasmosis associated with a type II-like Toxoplasma gondii strain in a New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) from New South Wales, Australia.  

PubMed

We report the first confirmed case of toxoplasmosis in an Australian pinniped. Presence of Toxoplasma gondii DNA was detected in the brain of a free-ranging subadult New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) with nonsuppurative meningoencephalitis, hypophysitis, posterior uveitis, retrobulbar cellulitis, and myocarditis associated with protozoan cysts and tachyzoites. The emaciated seal stranded moribund on a beach in northern Sydney in New South Wales. Histopathology coupled with specific immunohistochemistry and PCR assays confirmed the presence of T. gondii. The T. gondii sample (NZfs8825) identified in this study has an identical genotype as the type II (ToxoDB PCR-RFLP genotype #1) based on the direct sequencing and virtual RFLP of multilocus DNA markers including SAG1, 5'- and 3'-SAG2, alt.SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, c29-2, L358, PK1, and Apico. Direct sequencing of T. gondii B1 DNA marker from the T. gondii sample (NZfs8825) identified a type II-like strain, based on presence of non-archetypal B1 gene polymorphisms previously reported as unique to Australia. This study suggests that T. gondii oocysts originating from mainland Australia, which has a large population of feral cats, may act as a disease threat to native marine fauna. Therefore, emerging toxoplasmosis in the Arctic has a relevant parallel in the Southern Ocean within Australian waters with yet unknown relevance to Antarctica. PMID:25123611

Donahoe, Shannon L; Rose, Karrie; Slapeta, Jan

2014-09-15

283

Diagnosing coastal ocean CO2 interannual variability from a 40 year hydrographic time series station off the east coast of Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advancing our understanding of the ocean's role in modulating atmospheric carbon dioxide interannual variability is important but limited by the lack of temporal ocean CO2 observations throughout most of the world's oceans. In particular, the role of the coastal ocean for interannual variability of CO2 is unknown, but expected to be large given the dynamics of land to ocean CO2 exchanges. Two coastal hydrographic time series stations at Port Hacking off Sydney, Australia, have collected and measured hydrographic properties (temperature, salinity, nitrate, phosphate, and silicate) since 1942. Here I examine the potential to use empirical relationships derived from nearby discrete CO2 measurements to diagnose CO2 interannual variability at the Port Hacking time series station. I test the approach by predicting interannual variability of CO2 at the Bermuda Time Series Station (BATS) in the North Atlantic between 1988 and 2008 and show the method captures 78% of the observed interannual variability found at BATS. I further use oxygen as a tracer to diagnose the length scales of variability in the southwest Pacific to provide insight into the applicability of the method. After applying the approach at Port Hacking, significant CO2 interannual variability was found (up to ± 30 ppm) that was largely driven by local regional variability in nutrients (nitrate) and temperature with little link to larger modes of variability (SAM or ENSO). Oceanic CO2 was diagnosed to be almost always lower than atmospheric CO2 levels (?pCO2 ˜ 10-55 ?atm), indicating a quasi-permanent coastal ocean CO2 sink during winter off Sydney. Direct pCO2 measurements taken along the NSW coastline in April and August 2008 confirm the empirical predictions and a wider CO2 sink along Australia's east coast. If extrapolating the Port Hacking CO2 results to the New South Wales coastline, the annual coastal CO2 sink would be about -0.05 Tg C/yr. Both the empirical predictions and direct measurements of CO2 presented here along the Australian east coast support recent reviews suggesting continental shelves act as a significant CO2 sink, at least during autumn and winter.

McNeil, Ben I.

2010-12-01

284

Increased inbreeding and inter-species gene flow in remnant populations of the rare Eucalyptus benthamii  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eucalyptus benthamii Maiden & Cambage is a forest tree of interest for conservation and plantation forestry. It is vulnerable to extinction, occurring on the alluvial floodplains of the Nepean River and its tributaries, south-west of Sydney, Australia. These floodplains were largely cleared of native vegetation for agriculture by the mid-1800s. Flooding of the Cox Valley for Sydney’s water supply further

P. A. Butcher; A. K. Skinner; C. A. Gardiner

2005-01-01

285

The revival of water fluoridation in the state of New South Wales, Australia, in the 21st century.  

PubMed

The State of New South Wales (NSW) in Australia has over half a century of experience with water fluoridation. Yass was the first town to be fluoridated in 1956 and Sydney in 1968, and by the late 1970s, approximately 90% of NSW was fluoridated. However, since then, there have been no new fluoridation schemes. In NSW under the Fluoridation of Public Water Supplies Act 1957, the decision to fluoridate rests with local government authorities (councils). Since 2004, the NSW Health Department has been proactive in promoting and extending water fluoridation to unfluoridated rural communities in an attempt to reduce oral health inequalities. This has resulted in 20 councils implementing fluoridation, increasing population coverage of water fluoridation from 90% in 2004 to 96% in 2012. When the remaining 16 councils that have been gazetted to fluoridate implement fluoridation, approximately 98% of NSW residents will have access to fluoridated water. This article provides an overview of the framework used to extend water fluoridation to many rural communities in New South Wales in the 21st century. PMID:22998307

Sivaneswaran, Shanti

2012-10-01

286

Peat accumulation on a drowned coastal braidplain: the Mullins Coal (Upper Carboniferous), Sydney Basin, Nova Scotia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mullins Coal lies within the braided-fluvial South Bar Formation. The lateral extent (15 km) and thickness (2 m) of the coal suggest that controls for peat accumulation were allogenic. Marine inundation of the distal braidplain, as indicated by the high-sulphur content of the coal and the occurrence of agglutinated foraminifera in associated shales, caused ponding of freshwater near maximum marine transgression, with accumulation of thick paralic peat across a stable platform of sandy fluvial sediments. Highstand parasequences with thin capping coals were subsequently incised beneath a sequence boundary as the braidplain readvanced. The Mullins Coal thins and splits in association with muddy bayfill deposits eastward towards the Glace Bay Syncline, a long-lived palaeotopographic element related to fault-bounded basement blocks. Although relative sea-level change controlled the stratigraphic position of the precursor peats, differential tectonic subsidence and/or compaction modified their extent, thickness and quality.

Tibert, Neil E.; Gibling, Martin R.

1999-10-01

287

"Corsages on Their Parents' Jackets": Employment and Aspiration among Arabic-Speaking Youth in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many commentators have observed that late modernity has profoundly reshaped the nature of employment such that workers have become more reflexive, mobile, individualistic and entrepreneurial, free to re-invent themselves as they choose in a world of endless possibilities. Theorists of reflexive modernity suggest that the family unit and class have…

Morgan, George; Idriss, Sherene

2012-01-01

288

Enhancing Sport Marketing through Cultural and Arts Programs: Lessons from the Sydney 2000 Olympic Arts Festivals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the potential to broaden the marketing appeal of sport events by associating them with cultural and arts activities. The theory of polysemic structures and event augmentation are used to explain the value of offering cultural and arts extensions to sports programs. The Olympic Games are considered a paradigmatic case that illustrates the possibilities because arts and culture

Beatriz García

2001-01-01

289

A Salmonella Typhimurium 197 outbreak linked to the consumption of lambs' liver in Sydney, NSW  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY We identified an increase in the number of cases of Salmonella Typhimurium phage type 197 in New South Wales in February 2005. Cases were predominantly of Lebanese descent. To identify risk factors for illness, we conducted an unmatched case-control study including 12 cases and 21 controls. Eight of 12 cases (67%) and no controls reported eating lambs' liver (OR incalculable, P<0·05), and seven of nine cases (78%) and one of 21 controls (5%) reported eating fresh fish (OR 70·0, P<0·05). Among participants who did not eat liver, there was a strong association between eating fish and illness (OR 60·0, P<0·05). The fish was from divergent sources. Five cases had bought the liver from two different butcher's shops, which obtained the lambs' liver from a single abattoir. Consumption of liver is a risk for salmonellosis. Traditional dishes may place some ethnic groups at increased risk of foodborne disease. PMID:17565766

HESS, I. M. R.; NEVILLE, L. M.; McCARTHY, R.; SHADBOLT, C. T.; McANULTY, J. M.

2008-01-01

290

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of Sydney  

E-print Network

The Ingredients for a Postgenomic Synthesis of Nature and Nurture Karola Stotz Online Publication Date: 01 June of Nature and Nurture Karola Stotz This paper serves as an introduction to the special issue on ``Reconciling Nature and Nurture in Behavior and Cognition Research'' and sets its agenda to resolve

Stotz, Karola

291

RNA interference in nematodes and the chance that favored Sydney Brenner.  

PubMed

The efficiency of RNA interference varies between different organisms, even among nematodes. A recent report of successful RNA interference in the nematode Panagrolaimus superbus in BMC Molecular Biology has implications for the comparative study of the functional genomics of nematode species, and prompts reflections on the choice of Caenorhabditis elegans as a model organism. PMID:19014674

Félix, Marie-Anne

2008-01-01

292

Evaluation of the MindMatters Buddy Support Scheme in Southwest Sydney: Strategies, Achievements and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Assessing the strategies, achievements and challenges of implementing MindMatters and the views of partner schools towards the buddy support scheme. Design: The MindMatters buddy support scheme (2007-2008) was designed to increase the capacity of secondary schools to adopt a whole-school approach to improving health and well-being of…

Khan, Raquiba J.; Bedford, Karen; Williams, Mandy

2012-01-01

293

The relationships between petrology, porosity and permeability in the southern Sydney Basin succession, NSW.  

E-print Network

??Petrography of the Illawarra Coal Measures, Narrabeen Group and Hawkesbury Sandstone was described by thin section, scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction techniques. Sandstone composition… (more)

Al gahtani, Fahad Mubarak

2012-01-01

294

The Spectrums of Mean Sea Level at Sydney, Coff's Harbour, and Lord Howe Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

Daily mean sea levels for the period July 1957 to December 1958 were first ad- justed to correspond to a fixed value of atmospheric pressure. The spectrums and cross spec- trums, coherences and phase differences of the adjusted sea' levels were computed for periods between 2 and 60 days. Spectrums of atmospheric pressure were also computed. The atmospheric pressure spectrums

B. V. Hamon

1962-01-01

295

Indicators of Staff Efficacy in Seven Special Schools in the Sydney Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Staff in Special Schools are seldom the focus of research, yet work with a student group some might consider demanding and stressful. Staff who work in Catholic special Schools are under-represented in the academic literature. The motivation and efficacy of Special School staff were studies in 7 Catholic Special Schools. These staff were observed…

Vallance, Roger J.

2012-01-01

296

University of Technology, Sydney response to An Indicator Framework for Higher Education Performance Framework  

E-print Network

-oriented assessment of progress towards the achievement of national education policy goals. It is important framework will be assessed for their effectiveness in promoting the achievement of Government policy goals goals and funding programs. It is also important that the reporting load created is assessed

University of Technology, Sydney

297

To Appear In Proceedings of ICSLP98, Sydney TOWARDS BETTER INTEGRATION OF SEMANTIC PREDICTORS IN  

E-print Network

with N­grams produces a more robust language model which has a lower perplexity on a Wall Street Journal in perplexity on the Wall Street Journal corpus. 2. LSA AS A LANGUAGE MODEL LSA is a vector based model model Street Journal, years 1987--1989, containing of a total 35,126,006 word tokens. We used the 20K

Pratt, Vaughan

298

*. P. Rush et S. Yeo, Criminal Law Sourcebook, Sydney, Butterworths, 2000. **. Criminal Law Researcher and Expert.  

E-print Network

through the terrain of research design, they strike just the right balance between theory and practice of crime #12;392 Note bibliographique (2005-06) 36 R.D.U.S. have expatiated extensively on the abstract

Spino, Claude

299

Community-Wide Implementation of a Parenting Program: The South East Sydney Positive Parenting Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a description and evaluation of a community-wide implementation of a parenting program. Results indicate that it is possible to take a population health approach to parenting, successfully involve multiple services and professionals in the delivery of the program, and maintain the effectiveness of the parenting intervention in a…

Dean, Carlie; Myors, Karen; Evans, Elizabeth

2003-01-01

300

The University of Sydney MATH2068/2988 Number Theory and Cryptography  

E-print Network

web page. Open firefox and try it. Note that there are also links you can click to get the required to decipher the Vigen`ere enciphered ones, but it is far easier to use the javascript gadget on the MATH2068

Howlett, Robert Brian

301

Introducing total water cycle management in Sydney: a Kogarah Council initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Away from traditional supply option of building dams, we need to adopt new supply options that can be incorporated into urban development and at household-level technology, including rainwater harvesting and wastewater reclamation. While technological advancements have made them possible, economic arguments and to larger extent a lack of political leadership have been keeping these options at pilot stage. The Kogarah

Amit Chanan; Paul Woods

2006-01-01

302

Chronic pain-related disability and use of analgesia and health services in a Sydney community  

Microsoft Academic Search

with high levels of pain-related disability in 129\\/439 (27%). Nominated causes of chronic pain were injury in 173 (38%), most commonly sports injury (54; 13%), and a health problem in 132 (29%). Pain was work-related in 62 (14%). A musculoskeletal condition was the leading diagnosis (127; 26%). Of the 474 with chronic pain, 374 (78%) had consulted at least one

Fiona M Blyth; Lyn M March; Michael J Cousins

303

Student Engagement at Two Single-Sex Colleges: Hampden-Sydney and Sweet Briar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1960s the higher educational system in the United States has steadily lost its single-sex colleges; and as of 2008 only 51 women's and four men's institutions remain (National Center for Educational Statistics, 2008). Many of the previous single-sex schools have admitted members of the opposite sex, giving in to the national trend of…

Simms, Edith L.

2010-01-01

304

Populations of the Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata , vary in response to ocean acidification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acidifying oceans are predicted to fundamentally alter marine ecosystems. Over the next century, acute studies suggest that\\u000a the impacts of climate change on marine organisms and ecosystems may be catastrophic. To date, however, little is known about\\u000a whether the response of marine organisms varies within a species and whether this provides a potential “adaptive capacity”.\\u000a Here, we show that selectively

L. M. Parker; Pauline M. Ross; Wayne A. O’Connor

2011-01-01

305

Trend-surface analysis of structure and thickness of Bulli Seam, Sydney Basin, New South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods are presented which permit the analysis of structural and thickness variations of a stratigraphic interval into a number of components and testing of the components for relationship between structure and thickness. The methods are tested first in the axial region of the South Bulli Syncline area where the Bulli Seam is known to be thicker. Maps of the residual

A. C. Cook

1969-01-01

306

Equity and Local Participation in VET: Some Preliminary Findings in Sydney Postcodes. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More attention should be given to the local dimension of equity research. A question that must be asked is to what extent there is an unequal distribution of opportunities to participate in vocational education and training (VET) that is mirrored by area of residence in both urban and rural localities. Questions must also be asked about the extent…

McIntyre, John

307

Effects of fire intensity on plant species composition of sandstone communities in the Sydney region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fire intensity measures the heat output of a fire, and variation in fire intensity has been shown to have many effects on the demography of plant species, although the consequent effects on the floristic composition of communities have rarely been quantified. The effects of variation in fire intensity on the floristic composition of dry sclerophyll vegetation with different fire histories

David A. Morrison

2002-01-01

308

Mahjong Gambling in the Chinese-Australian Community in Sydney: A Prevalence Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mahjong is a popular gambling game played in Chinese communities all over the world (Papineau, China Perspect 28:29–42, 2000) and is sometimes referred to as ‘??’ (guodu, the Chinese national gambling game) or ‘???’ (xiu changcheng, repairing the Great Wall). Exploratory studies using snowball sampling conducted by Zheng et al. (J Psychol Chin Soc 9(2):241–262,\\u000a 2008) indicated that Mahjong is

Wu Yi Zheng; Michael Walker; Alex Blaszczynski

2010-01-01

309

Bird-of-Paradise1 Sydney Park Brown and Robert J. Black2  

E-print Network

, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U of traveler's tree are produced Figure 1. Flower of bird-of-paradise. Credits: Design Pics #12;2Bird

Watson, Craig A.

310

Requirements Engineering for e-Business Advantage Steven J. Bleistein1 2  

E-print Network

Verner1 1 Empirical Software Engineering Research Program, National ICT Australia, Sydney 1430, Australia {Steven.Bleistein, Karl.Cox, June.Verner}@NICTA.com.au 2 School of Computer Science and Engineering

New South Wales, University of

311

What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider? Edward Anderson , Tim Coltman*  

E-print Network

1 What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider? Edward Anderson , Tim Coltman of Economics and Business, University of Sydney, Australia Tim Coltman, Associate Professor, University Byron Keating, Associate Professor, University of Canberra, Australia *Corresponding author: Tim Coltman

Coltman, Tim

312

How Do Pre-Service Teachers Cope with a Literacy Intervention Program in a Remote Indigenous Community? The Community Action Support Program in the Northern Territory, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines a new community education initiative, Community Action Support (CAS) that helps facilitate learning in Indigenous young people from Tennant Creek in the Northern Territory. CAS is an innovative partnership program between the Australian Literacy and Numeracy Foundation and the University of Western Sydney. The core aim of the…

Naidoo, Loshini

2012-01-01

313

Travel risk behaviours and uptake of pre-travel health preventions by university students in Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Forward planning and preventative measures before travelling can significantly reduce the risk of many vaccine preventable travel-related infectious diseases. Higher education students may be at an increased risk of importing infectious disease as many undertake multiple visits to regions with higher infectious disease endemicity. Little is known about the health behaviours of domestic or international university students, particularly students from low resource countries who travel to high-resource countries for education. This study aimed to assess travel-associated health risks and preventative behaviours in a sample of both domestic and international university students in Australia. Methods In 2010, a 28 item self-administered online survey was distributed to students enrolled at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Multiple methods of distributing links to the online survey were utilised. The survey examined the international travel history, travel intentions, infection control behaviours and self-reported vaccination history. Results A total of 1663 respondents completed the online survey, 22.1% were international students and 83.9% were enrolled at an undergraduate level. Half had travelled internationally in the previous 12 months, with 69% of those travelling only once during that time with no difference in travel from Australia between domestic and international students (p = 0.8). Uptake of pre-travel health advice was low overall with 68% of respondents reporting they had not sought any advice from a health professional prior to their last international trip. Domestic students were more likely to report uptake of a range of preventative travel health measures compared to international students, including diarrhoeal medication, insect repellent, food avoidance and condoms (P < 0.0001). Overall, students reported low risk perception of travel threats and a low corresponding concern for these threats. Conclusions Our study highlights the need to educate students about the risk associated with travel and improve preventative health-seeking and uptake of precautionary health measures in this highly mobile young adult population. Although immunisation is not an entry requirement to study at Universities in Australia, large tertiary institutions provide an opportunity to engage with young adults on the importance of travel health and provision of vaccines required for travel, including missed childhood vaccines. PMID:22339735

2012-01-01

314

Assessing impacts of deepwater sewage disposal: A case study from New South Wales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

To overcome the problems of beach pollution Sydney Water constructed three deepwater sewage outfalls off North Head, Bondi and Malabar. The outfalls were commissioned over the period September 1990–July 1991. A 5-year multi-disciplinary environmental monitoring programme was set up to assess the impacts on the demersal fish and soft-bottom macro-invertebrate communities. Assessment of impact was based on an asymmetrical analysis

N. M. Otway

1995-01-01

315

The Bellinger Emydura Challenges for Management  

E-print Network

Ecology, University of Canberra, for the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Sydney July 2007 #12 and Wildlife Service, Sydney, by the Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra. July 2007 Georges, Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, ACT 2616, Australia. Phone (02) 62015786

Canberra, University of

316

Synergistic tumor suppression by combined inhibition of telomerase and CDKN1A  

E-print Network

Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511; f Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia; g Cancer Research Unit, Children's Medical Research Institute and Research (A*STAR), Brenner Center for Molecular Medicine, Singapore 117609; l Howard Hughes Medical

Hammock, Bruce D.

317

Search for neutrinoless decays ! 3` Belle Collaboration  

E-print Network

University, Yokohama, Japan ` Korea University, Seoul, South Korea m Kyungpook National University, Taegu, South Korea n Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne, EPFL, Lausanne o University Korea ae Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, South Korea af University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia ag

318

Australian Monsoon Variability Driven by a GillMatsuno-Type Response to Central West Pacific Warming  

E-print Network

Australian Monsoon Variability Driven by a Gill­Matsuno-Type Response to Central West Pacific Warming ANDRE´ A S. TASCHETTO Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (Manuscript received 16

Ummenhofer, Caroline C.

319

PERGAMON International Journal of Solids and Structures 25 "0888# 13521368 99196572:88:, ! see front matter 0888 Elsevier Science Ltd[ All rights reserved  

E-print Network

\\ Yiu!Wing Mai Centre for Advanced Materials Technolo`y\\ Department of Mechanical En`ineerin` and Mechatronic\\ University of Sydney\\ Sydney\\ NSW 1995\\ Australia Received 7 October 0886^ in revised form 00 is extremely small in comparison with the crack length[ Based on the formulation\\ some physically meaningful

Qin, Qinghua

320

Quasi-micromechanical damage model for brittle solids with interacting microcracks  

E-print Network

100084, China b Centre for Advanced Materials Technology (CAMT), School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Received 1 July 2002; received elastic moduli. The conventional methods for estimating the effective moduli of microcracked solids, based

Qin, Qinghua

321

Enhancement of the Influenza A Hemagglutinin (HA)-Mediated Cell-Cell Fusion and Virus Entry by the Viral  

E-print Network

by the Viral Neuraminidase (NA) Bin Su1 , Se´bastien Wurtzer1 , Marie-Anne Rameix-Welti2 , Dominic Dwyer3 of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Abstract Background: The major role of the neuraminidase (NA) protein of the Influenza A Hemagglutinin (HA)-Mediated Cell-Cell Fusion and Virus Entry by the Viral Neuraminidase (NA

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

International Journal of Fracture 91: 359371, 1998. 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

in the Netherlands. Effective moduli for thermopiezoelectric materials with microcracks QING-HUA QIN1 , YIU-WING MAI1, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. e-mail: qin@mech.eng.usyd.edu.au 2The Office-consistent method (Huang, Hu and Chanara, 1994), Mori­Tanaka method (Benveniste, 1987), and differential method

Qin, Qinghua

323

Cholera in the 1990s Peter R Reeves and Ruiting Lan  

E-print Network

Cholera in the 1990s Peter R Reeves and Ruiting Lan Department of Microbiology, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Two strains of Vibrio cholerae are currently significant in cholera: a remnant and a strategy for speedy development of vaccines needs to be established. Cholera is one of the most feared

Lan, Ruiting

324

Reviews and notices  

Microsoft Academic Search

AUSTRALIA — A GEOGRAPHY edited by D. N. Jeans. 19 by 25 cm, vii and 571 pages, text figures, plates. Sydney University Press, Sydney 1977 (ISBN 0 424 00036 9) A$20 limpBRISBANE AT THE CENSUS, 1971: A SOCIAL ATLAS by G. T. McDonald et al. 40 by 30 cm, 116 pages, text figures, tables. Cities Commission, Canberra 1976 (ISBN 0642

J. M. Powell; C. L. Keys; Clive Forster; I. H. Burnley; Craig Duncan; A. Shepherd; Peter Phibbs; D. N. Jeans; R. T. Jackson; John Forster; John Langdale; Morgan Sant; B. B. Hewitt; Sol Encel; Peter J. Rimmer; David Lea; A. J. Parsons; Robert K. Murfet

1979-01-01

325

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Mar. 1994, p. 796-802 0095-1 137/94/$04.00+0  

E-print Network

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Mar. 1994, p. 796-802 0095-1 137/94/$04.00+0 Copyright © 1994, American Society for Microbiology Sequence Variation in Shigella sonnei (Sonnei), a Pathogenic Clone* Department ofMicrobiology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia Received 1 June

Lan, Ruiting

326

Groundwater Constraints on Simulated Transpiration Variability over Southeastern Australian Forests  

E-print Network

M. DECKER Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia J. P. EVANS Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South: Mark Decker, Climate Change Research Centre, Level 4 Mathews Building, University of New South Wales

Evans, Jason

327

Obituary: Ronald N. Bracewell, 1921-2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ronald N. Bracewell, Professor Emeritus (since 1991) of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, and a true renaissance man of science, died of a heart attack on 12 August 2007 at his home. Ron Bracewell was born in Sydney, Australia, on 22 July 1921, one of the two sons of Cecil and Valerie Bracewell. He graduated from the University of Sydney

Vahé Petrosian

2009-01-01

328

Effects of polarization on the transmission and localization of classical waves in weakly scattering metamaterials  

E-print Network

scattering metamaterials Ara A. Asatryan,1 Lindsay C. Botten,1 Michael A. Byrne,1 Valentin D. Freilikher,2 of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia 6St. Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 197101 St. Petersburg, Russia Received 13 August 2010; revised manuscript

329

Co-publication with Classical and Quantum Gravity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Seventh Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves was held on 8-14 July 2007, Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia. The bulk of the papers, after peer review, are published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series. However a selection of papers, chosen by the conference organisers, are published separately in a special issue of Classical and Quantum Gravity.

2008-08-01

330

Genetic Connectivity among Populations of an Endangered Snake Species from Southeastern Australia (Hoplocephalus bungaroides, Elapidae)  

PubMed Central

For endangered species that persist as apparently isolated populations within a previously more extensive range, the degree of genetic exchange between those populations is critical to conservation and management. A lack of gene flow can exacerbate impacts of threatening processes and delay or prevent colonization of sites after local extirpation. The broad-headed snake, Hoplocephalus bungaroides, is a small venomous species restricted to a handful of disjunct reserves near Sydney, Australia. Mark-recapture studies have indicated low vagility for this ambush predator, suggesting that gene flow also may be low. However, our analyses of 11 microsatellite loci from 163 snakes collected in Morton National Park, from six sites within a 10-km diameter, suggest relatively high rates of gene flow among sites. Most populations exchange genes with each other, with one large population serving as a source area and smaller populations apparently acting as sinks. About half of the juvenile snakes, for which we could reliably infer parentage, were collected from populations other than those in which we collected their putative parents. As expected from the snakes’ reliance on rocky outcrops during cooler months of the year, most gene flow appears to be along sandstone plateaux rather than across the densely forested valleys that separate plateaux. The unexpectedly high rates of gene flow on a landscape scale are encouraging for future conservation of this endangered taxon. For example, wildlife managers could conserve broad-headed snakes by restoring habitats near extant source populations in areas predicted to be least affected by future climate change. PMID:22393497

Dubey, Sylvain; Sumner, Joanna; Pike, David A; Keogh, J Scott; Webb, Jonathan K; Shine, Richard

2011-01-01

331

Feasibility of a GP delivered skin cancer prevention intervention in Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Despite years of public education, sun-related behaviours are difficult to change and a recent survey showed low levels of sun protection. In this study we evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of an opportunistic skin cancer prevention intervention in general practice. Methods We used a controlled pre-and-post intervention design. Participants (n?=?100) were recruited sequentially from patients attending two general practices in Sydney, Australia, from November to December 2010. Participants in the intervention practice (n?=?50) received general practitioner delivered sun protection advice after completing a skin cancer risk assessment tool, and a sun protection pamphlet, in addition to routine care, at a single attendance. The skin cancer risk assessment tool provided three levels of risk. The general practitioner (GP) reinforced the level of risk and discussed sun protection. Participants in the control practice (n?=?50) received routine care. We measured feasibility by patients’ and GPs’ participation in the intervention and time taken, and acceptability by intervention participants and GPs ratings of the intervention. We measured reported sun-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour between the two groups at 1 and 13 months. Results The intervention was found to be feasible within existing primary care team arrangements. Participation at baseline was 81% (108/134), and repeated participation was 88% (88/100) at 1 month and 70% (70/100) at 13 months. Participants and practitioners found the intervention acceptable. At 1 month, sun-related knowledge had increased in both patient groups, with a greater increase in the intervention group (adjusted mean difference 0.48, p?=?0.034). There were no differences between groups in sun-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour at 13 months. Conclusions A brief opportunistic skin cancer prevention intervention in general practice is feasible and acceptable. Further research in this setting with a more intensive intervention would be justified. PMID:25070692

2014-01-01

332

Largest youth celebration for Mary MacKillop at Notre Dame  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia, Sydney University and UTS chaplaincies combined their efforts to hold the largest youth event in Sydney to celebrate the Canonisation of Mary MacKillop.On Tuesday 12 October students listened to live music and talks, attend mass and participated in Holy Hour on Notre Dame’s Broadway site in the lead up to the making of Australia’s

Moira Saunders

2010-01-01

333

APA_poster09[1].pptx  

Cancer.gov

Department of Upper GI Surgery, Bankstown Hospital, Sydney Australia, 4 Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Centre, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes, Baltimore, USA, 5 Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane Australia, 6 Department of Anatomical Pathology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney Australia Introduction Ethics Large scale cancer projects such as the International Cancer Genome Consortium (www.icgc.org) demonstrate the power of comprehensive genomic characterisation for understanding cancer biology and impacting patient care.

334

Privatizing Australia  

SciTech Connect

The sun is setting on Australia`s long tradition of state involvement in business. As part of efforts begun in the late-1980`s to stem the tide of debt rising within Australian federal and state treasuries, government-owned entities are being corporatized and privatized, and private companies are sponsoring a large share of the country`s new infrastructure projects.

Burr, M.T.

1995-07-01

335

Persistence of related bla-IMP-4 metallo-beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae from clinical and environmental specimens within a burns unit in Australia - a six-year retrospective study  

PubMed Central

Background To describe the clinical epidemiology, environmental surveillance and infection control interventions undertaken in a six-year persistence of bla-IMP-4 metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae within a separately confined hospital burns unit in a tertiary hospital in Sydney, Australia. Methods MBL positive clinical and environmental isolates were collected from the Burns Unit, from the first detection of isolates in September 2006 to August 2012. Unit-acquired clinical isolates were included, and patient outcomes analyzed amongst those who acquired clinically significant infections. Environmental isolates were analyzed with regard to relationship to clinical isolates, bacterial species, and persistence despite cleaning efforts. Results Thirty clinical isolates detected from 23 patients were identified. Clinically significant infection developed in 7 (30%) patients – 2 bacteremias, 2 central venous catheter tip infections without bacteremia, and 3 wound infections. All patients survived at 30 days. Seventy-one environmental isolates were confirmed to be MBL-positive, with 85% sourced from shower facilities or equipment. MBL organisms persisted at these sites despite both usual hospital cleaning, and following targeted environmental disinfection interventions. Conclusions Clear association exists between environmental Burns Unit contamination by MBLs and subsequent patient colonization. Clinical infection occurred in a small proportion of patients colonized by MBLs, and with generally favorable outcomes. Its persistence in the Burns Unit environment, despite concerted infection control measures, pose concern for ongoing clinical transmission. PMID:24345195

2013-01-01

336

Frequent recombination and low level of clonality within Salmonella enterica subspecies I  

E-print Network

and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia Received 2 September 2005 Salmonella species known as Salmonella enterica (Le Minor & Popoff, 1987; Brenner et al., 2000). For example

Lan, Ruiting

337

The Astrophysical Journal, 726:104 (5pp), 2011 January 10 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/726/2/104 C 2011. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.  

E-print Network

. Roberts, Jr.4 , Michael Ireland5 , Neil Zimmerman6,3 , Douglas Brenner3 , Ian R. Parry7 , Frantz, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia 6 Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 West 120th

338

11th Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology 2003 (ISMB 2003).  

PubMed

This report profiles the keynote talks given at ISMB03 in Brisbane, Australia by Ron Shamir, David Haussler, John Mattick, Yoshihide Hayashizaki, Sydney Brenner, the Overton Prize winner, Jim Kent, and the ISCB Senior Accomplishment Awardee, David Sankov. PMID:18629025

Abbott, Catherine A

2003-01-01

339

10.1098/rsta.2003.1221 Progress in silicon-based quantum computing  

E-print Network

10.1098/rsta.2003.1221 Progress in silicon-based quantum computing By R. G. Clark1 , R. Brenner1 Engineering and Telecommunications, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia 3Centre for Quantum

Goan, Hsi-Sheng

340

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS: CONDENSED MATTER J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 (2002) 29012927 PII: S0953-8984(02)28377-0  

E-print Network

-dependent interaction potential Nigel Marks School of Physics, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia E, while amorphous networks generated by liquid quench have properties superior to Tersoff, Brenner

Powles, Rebecca

341

A Random Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of papers presented at the 25th International Geological Congress held August 16-25, 1976, Sydney, Australia. Topics include precambrian geology, tectonics, biostratigraphy, geochemistry, quaternary geology, engineering geology, planetology, geological education, and stress environments. (SL)

Cochran, Wendell

1976-01-01

342

Department of Medical Entomology: Bedbugs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Sydney and Westmead Hospital, Australia offers a quick introduction to the bedbug in this Web site. Information includes the natural history of bedbugs, clinical presentation, laboratory diagnosis, and treatment and control of them.

2007-10-11

343

Design Considerations for Double-Skin Facades in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-print Network

." International Conference on Building Envelope Systems & Technology, Sydney, Australia. [37] Prianto, E., and Depecker, P. (2002). "Characteristic of airflow as the effect of balcony, opening design and internal division on indoor velocity - A case study...

Haase, M.; Amato, A.

2006-01-01

344

Analysis Methodology for Large Organizations' Investments in Energy Retrofit of Buildings  

E-print Network

calculation beyond building performance rating systems. Proceedings of the 12th International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference, Sydney Australia Morris, M. D. 1991. Factorial sampling plans for preliminary computational experiments...

Heo, Y.; Augenbroe, G.

2011-01-01

345

The Design of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump Systems  

E-print Network

.S. Prlnting Office, Washlngton, DC 20402). Salomone. L. A. (1983a). Procedures used to predict the thermal behavior of soils. 1983 International Conference on Earth Sheltered Buildings Proceedings, Sydney, Australia. Salomone, L. A,, and Kovacs, W. D...

Parker, J. D.

1985-01-01

346

APPLYING ADJUDICATION AS AN ALTERNATE DISPUTE RESOLUTION FOR CONSTRUCTION DISPUTES IN THE UNITED STATES  

E-print Network

, The University of New South Wales, Sydney Australia. (pp 8-24). Corgant, Brian G., Thomas J. Kelleher, and William E. Dorris. (2002) Construction Disputes:Practice Guide With Forms. Second. Aspen Publishers, New York. Kennedy, Peter, Janey Milligan, Edward...

Harrison, Nicholas

2011-08-08

347

ETD Release Policies in American ARL Institutions: A Preliminary Study  

E-print Network

ETD Release Policies in American ARL Institutions: A Preliminary Study Brian Surratt ETD 2005 Sydney, Australia Sept. 30, 2005 Agenda Introduction Research question Method of study Intellectual property issues Stakeholders Release policies at ARL...

Surratt, Brian E.

2005-09-27

348

Examining the Content Load of Part-of-Speech Blocks for Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

Lioma,C. Ounis,I. In Proceedings of Joint Conference of the International Committee on Computational Linguistics and the Association for Computational Linguistics (COLING/ACL 2006), 17-22 July, Sydney, Australia. Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL)

Lioma, C.

349

Austral Ecology (2004) 29, 383390 Seed mass and seedling establishment after fire in  

E-print Network

Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New SouthWales 2109,Australia (Email: amoles@bio at encounter' has been shown to be crucial in determining the outcome of seedling­ seedling competition in pot

Moles, Angela

350

QUT Digital Repository: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/  

E-print Network

: techniques for large-scale monitoring of ecosystems using acoustics. In: 3rd eResearch Australasia Conference the authors] #12;Sydney, Australia 9-13 Nov 2009 3rd eResearch Australasia Conference Listening to Nature

Roe, Paul

351

DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE 2012 RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS, CREATIVE WORKS AND OTHER RESEARCH  

E-print Network

). Remote Sensing and Big Data. Presented at 3rd New Zealand eResearch Symposium, university of Victoria-cyber-infrastructure. Presented at eResearch Australasia '12, Sydney, Australia. 29 October - 2 November 2012, eResearch Australas

Sun, Jing

352

Adaptive RTT-driven Transport-layer Flow and Error Control Protocol for QoS Guaranteed Image Transmission over Multi-hop Underwater Wireless Networks: Design, Implementation, and Analysis  

E-print Network

, Sydney, NSW, Australia. [2] E. Sozer, M. Stojanovic, and J. Proakis, “Underwater acoustic networks,” IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 72–83, 2000. [3] J. Catipovic, D. Brady, and S. Etchemendy, “Development of underwater...

Li, Jiahao

2013-12-09

353

Structural evolution of the early Permian Nambucca Block (New England Orogen, eastern Australia) and implications for oroclinal bending  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Paleozoic to early Mesozoic southern New England Orogen of eastern Australia exhibits a remarkable ear-shaped curvature (orocline), but the geodynamic processes responsible for its formation are unclear. Oroclinal bending took place during the early Permian, simultaneously with the deposition of the rift-related Sydney, Gunnedah, and Bowen basins, which bound the oroclines to the west. The Nambucca Block is another early Permian rift basin, but it is situated in the core of the oroclinal structure. Here we present new stratigraphic, structural, and geochronological data from the Nambucca Block in an attempt to better understand its tectonic history and relationships to the formation of the oroclines. We recognized four phases of folding and associated structural fabrics (S1-4), with the second phase (S2) dated at 275-265 Ma by 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of muscovite. This age overlaps with independent constraints on the timing of oroclinal bending, suggesting that the earlier two phases of deformation in the Nambucca Block (F1 and F2) were associated with orocline formation. We propose that oroclinal bending involved three major stages. The first stage (<300 Ma) was associated with variations in rates of trench rollback and formation of rift basins in a hot extensional back-arc setting. This was followed by a second stage of oroclinal bending, possibly linked to dextral wrench faulting, which involved ~ N-S contraction (F1). Subsequent deformation at 275-265 Ma involved formation of nappe-style structures (F2). This phase of contractional deformation may have resulted from an increased plate coupling that was possibly linked to flat-slab subduction.

Shaanan, Uri; Rosenbaum, Gideon; Li, Pengfei; Vasconcelos, Paulo

2014-07-01

354

Minority stress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults in Australia: associations with psychological distress, suicidality, and substance use.  

PubMed

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other same-sex attracted young people have been shown to be at a higher risk of mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, suicidality, and substance abuse, compared to their heterosexual peers. Homophobic prejudice and stigma are often thought to underlie these disparities. In this study, the relationship between such experiences of social derogation and mental health and substance use in same-sex attracted young people was examined using Meyer's minority stress theory. An online survey recruited 254 young women and 318 young men who identified as same-sex attracted, were aged 18-25 years, and lived in Sydney, Australia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that internalized homophobia, perceived stigma, and experienced homophobic physical abuse were associated with higher levels of psychological distress and self-reported suicidal thoughts in the previous month. Furthermore, perceived stigma and homophobic physical abuse were associated with reporting a lifetime suicide attempt. The association between minority stress and substance use was inconsistent. While, as expected, higher levels of perceived stigma were associated with club drug dependence, there was an inverse association between internalized homophobia and club drug use, and between perceived stigma and hazardous alcohol use. The findings of this study provide support for the minority stress theory proposition that chronic social stress due to sexual orientation is associated with poorer mental health. The high rates of mental health and substance use problems in the current study suggest that same-sex attracted young people should continue to be a priority population for mental health and substance use intervention and prevention. PMID:24573397

Lea, Toby; de Wit, John; Reynolds, Robert

2014-11-01

355

Environment Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Environment and Heritage Web site, Environment Australia, gives an overview of environmental concerns of the country. Topics covered include the atmosphere, biodiversity, coasts and oceans, inland waters, land management, meteorology, and more. The site gives an interesting look into the unique problems and concerns that Australia is faced with and what its governmental agencies are doing to protect its resources. Many additional links are available on the main page for those interested in more information, such as databases and publications.

356

Last Planner and Its Role as Conceptual Kanban  

E-print Network

on investment in construction innovation—A lean construction case study.” Proc., 13th Annual Conf. on Lean Construction, R. Kenley, ed., UNSW, Sydney, Australia. Krajewski, L. J., King, B. E,. Ritzman, L. P., and Wong, D. S. (1987). “Kanban, MRP, and shaping... for Lean Construction, R. Kenley, ed., UNSW, Sydney, Australia, 217-226. Last Planner and its Role as Conceptual Kanban, Rybkowski 72 Sacks, R., Treckmann, M., and Rozenfeld, O. (2009). “Visualization of work flow to support lean construction.” J...

Rybkowski, Zofia K.

2010-07-14

357

Geoscience Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Australian Government, Geoscience Australia is an expansive website featuring the research and geospatial information the agency provides for the benefit of economic, environmental, and social communities. Visitors can obtain Australian maps for a variety of geologic datasets including the geomagnetic fields, gravity surveys, and crustal elements. The online tools provide data of recent earthquakes and sunrise and sunset times. Students and teachers can find fun, educational online activities dealing with remote sensing, minerals, and the Australian geography. Anyone interested in Australia's geologic and geographic environment from its geodesy to its marine and coastal environments will want to visit this vast website.

358

Indigenous Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Indigenous Australia Website, presented in affiliation with the Australian Museum and the Australia's Cultural Network, combines two Websites -- Dreaming Online and Stories of the Dreaming (see the July 16, 1999 Scout Report) -- into one comprehensive resource. An engaging introduction to the 60,000-year-old cultural heritage of Australia's Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders, the site is divided into four main sections: Background Info, Stories of the Dreaming, For Kids, and For Teachers. The Background section provides users with a nice overview, accompanied by images, of art and dress, spiritual and family life, the relationship of indigenous peoples to the land, and their interactions with British colonists, as well as a fairly detailed timeline. Stories of the Dreaming offers short movies of people reciting the tales from their ancestors about the land, sea, and animals. These were filmed in the rugged backdrop of Australia and are available as low or high quality videos (RealPlayer) or as audio or text only. The Teachers and Kids pages supply additional resources including links, a glossary, a FAQ, and advice on teaching lessons in indigenous studies.

359

Proceedings of the Fourth International Natural Language Generation Conference, pages 24, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-print Network

. In this invited talk, I will discuss what we have learned in the large scale summarization evalua- tions carried scale evaluations being carried out in the DARPA GALE (Global Autonomous Lan- guage Environment) program of their response. DARPA GALE is a new program funded by DARPA that is running its own evaluation, carried out

Belz, Anja

360

Large-Eddy Simulation of the Sydney Swirling NonPremixed Flame and Validation of Several Subgrid-Scale Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methane–air swirling diffusion flame is studied by large-eddy simulation (LES) using second-order moment (SOM) and simplified PDF subgrid-scale (SGS) combustion models, Smagorinsky-Lilly and dynamic kinetic energy (DKE) subgrid-scale (SGS) stress models. The predictions are validated by the experimental data. For LES statistics, comparison of the predicted axial and tangential time-averaged and root-mean-square (RMS) fluctuation velocities, temperature, RMS fluctuation temperature,

L. Y. Hu; L. X. Zhou; Y. H. Luo

2008-01-01

361

Energy Savings in Direct Evaporative Cooling: real application in the Madrid metro and simulated application for offices in Sydney  

E-print Network

Water evaporates spontaneously in contact with the air, absorbing around 680 W/(kg/h of evaporated water) from the air (1,053 BTU/lb.). Direct Evaporative Cooling (DEC) exploits this simple physical phenomenon to achieve high cooling capacities...

Simonetti, R.

2010-01-01

362

Read ACROSS for project teams. Amarnani,Neena Narayan Rosen,Joelle Sydney Skatter,Kelli Marie  

E-print Network

,Jonathan Maslowski,Mariel Lorenz,Melanie Lynn Pospesel,Cole Michuda,Thomas Michael Reichert,Megan Miller,Jacob Herman,Max Isaac Chiswick,Lisa Blair Glass,Samantha Beth Bader,Emily Klein,Kelly Meg Siboni,Asher Beck

Wardrop, Robert L.

363

Novel threshold concepts in the mathematical sciences David Easdown, School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sydney  

E-print Network

of so-called `eureka moments', typified by the legendary Archimedes leaping out of his bath after making a monumental discovery about the displacement of volumes in a liquid. There is no doubt that Archimedes (almost's Archimedes. In 1843, whilst walking along a Dublin canal with his wife, he discovered the celebrated

Sydney, University of

364

SEVENTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF FAMILY STUDIES CONFERENCE Family futures: issues in research and policy: Sydney 24 - 26 July \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature vs. nurture debate on whether it is biology or environment that causes human beings to choose certain roles and lifestyles is a perennial controversy in sociobiology, but since the seventies the debate has been extended to whether nurture, i.e. culture, can override biology and be a determinant of sex itself. This paper critiques the \\

Babette Francis

365

Integron Gene Cassettes and Degradation of Compounds Associated with Industrial Waste: The Case of the Sydney Tar Ponds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrons are genetic platforms that accelerate lateral gene transfer (LGT) among bacteria. They were first detected on plasmids bearing single and multiple drug resistance determinants in human pathogens, and it is abundantly clear that integrons have played a major role in the evolution of this public health menace. Similar genetic elements can be found in nonpathogenic environmental bacteria and in

Jeremy E. Koenig; Christine Sharp; Marlena Dlutek; Bruce Curtis; Michael Joss; Yan Boucher; W. Ford Doolittle; Ching-Hong Yang

2009-01-01

366

The Third Conferenceon Control Engineering1986 Sydney 12-14 Nay Flutter Suppression Using Central Tendency Adaptive Pole Assignment  

E-print Network

In this paper central tendency adaptive pole-assignment is applied to aircraft flutter suppression and compared to more conventional methods based on ad hoc variations of certainty equivalence pole-assignment.The advantage of the new approach is that not only is performance improved on ~ typical simulation, but there is increasedrobustness to plant uncertaintyand no a priori thresholds or fine tuning of scaling required. 1.

A. Chakravarit

367

Late-magmatic mineral assemblages with siderite and zirconian pyroxene and amphibole in the anorogenic Mt Gibraltar microsyenite, New South Wales, Australia, and their petrological implications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mt Gibraltar intrusion near Mittagong and Bowral in New South Wales, Australia (lat. 34°27'54?S, long. 150°25'44?) is a small intrusive body of hypersolvus microsyenite emplaced into the Triassic Hawkesbury Sandstone of the Sydney Basin in Jurassic time, possibly related to extensional faulting. The rock itself consists of intermediate alkali feldspar with minor titanomagnetite and interstitial pyroxene ranging from nearly pure hedenbergite to ? Hd34Aeg65 in composition. It is crosscut by an irregular system of late-magmatic veins consisting of homogeneous alkali feldspar (? Ab50Or50), clinopyroxene evolving from sodic hedenbergite to zirconium-rich aegirine, arfvedsonite and siderite. During postmagmatic evolution of the veins, microcrystalline or amorphous silica precipitated together with calcite filling miarolitic cavities. The late-magmatic mineral assemblage of the veins indicate crystallisation (at assumed 700 bar pressure) at T = 650-670 °C, log fO2 = - 22. This corresponds to conditions very close to the magnetite-wustite curve. Zirconium-bearing pyroxene has a restricted stability field in the system SiO2-ZrO2-FeO-FeO1.5-NaO0.5-HO0.5, at moderately elevated peralkalinity and intermediate silica activity. Under such conditions, pyroxene and amphibole will act as effective sinks for Zr, preventing crystallisation of magmatic zircon or more exotic Zr silicates. The Mt Gibraltar microsyenite is therefore a rare example of an igneous rock in which zirconium is camouflaged in pyroxene and amphibole rather than forming its own minerals.

Andersen, Tom; Carr, Paul; Erambert, Muriel

2012-10-01

368

Southern Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

South-central Australia is home to several deserts, including the Simpson Desert, whose reddish-orange sands are seen in the upper left quadrant of this Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from July 1, 2002. Several impermanent, salty, lakes stand whitely out against the arid terrain. The largest is North Lake Eyre, southwest of center. At bottom center, Spencer Gulf separates the triangular Eyre Peninsula from the Yorke Peninsula. The Gulf of St. Vincent separates Yorke Peninsula from the mainland. In Spencer Gulf, colorful blue-green swirls indicate the presence of a bloom of marine plants called phytoplankton, whose brightly colored photosynthetic pigments stain the water. Water quality in the Gulf is an ongoing problem for Australia, as irrigation projects have diverted the already small flow of freshwater that empties into the Gulf. Other problems include contamination with pesticides and agricultural and residential fertilizer. On both the Eyre Peninsula and in the Victoria Territory to the east of Spencer Gulf, dark-colored rectangles show the boundaries of parks and nature preserves where the natural, drought-tolerant vegetation thrives.

2002-01-01

369

RIDBC Teleschool[TM]: A Hub of Expertise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children (RIDBC) is Australia's largest independent special education provider and one of Australia's oldest charities. Founded in 1860 in Sydney, Australia, RIDBC seeks to provide high quality, innovative education and therapy to children who are deaf and hard of hearing and their families. RIDBC initially…

McCarthy, Melissa

2012-01-01

370

Reduced sulfur compounds in the atmosphere of sewer networks in Australia: geographic (and seasonal) variations.  

PubMed

The management of odorous emissions from sewer networks has become an important issue for sewer system operators resulting in the need to better understand the composition of reduced sulfur compounds (RSCs). Gaseous RSCs including hydrogen sulfide (H2S), methanethiol (MeSH), dimethyl sul?de (DMS), carbon disul?de (CS2), dimethyl disul?de (DMDS) and dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS) were measured in the atmosphere of selected sewer networks in two major Australian cities (Sydney and Melbourne) during 2011-2012. The RSC concentrations in the sewer air were detected in a highly variable range. H2S and MeSH were found at the highest concentrations, followed by DMS (39.2-94.0 ?g/m(3)), CS2 (18.3-19.6 ?g/m(3)), DMDS (7.8-49.6 ?g/m(3)) and DMTS (10.4-35.3 ?g/m(3)). Temporal trends in the occurrence of targeted RSCs were observed and the highest sulfur concentration occurred either in summer or spring, which are typically regarded as the warmer seasons. Statistical significant difference in the magnitude of targeted RSCs was found between samples collected in Sydney and Melbourne. PMID:24647180

Wang, B; Sivret, E C; Parcsi, G; Le, N M; Kenny, S; Bustamante, H; Stuetz, R M

2014-01-01

371

JAS review of books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clive Moore, Sunshine and Rainbows: The Development of Gay and Lesbian Culture in Queensland, St Lucia, University of Qld Press, 2001, pp 244, pb S29.95.Peter Spearritt, Sydney's Century: A History, University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, 2000, 319 pp, hb $79.95.Patrick O'Farrell, The Irish in Australia, University of New South Wales Press, 2000, pp 384, pb $35.00.Robert Dixon, Prosthetic

Geoff Parkes; Jock Collins; Dymphna Lonergan; Ron Blaber; Roy Schreiber; Andrew Jakubowicz; Greg Hughes; Michele McFarland; Philip Burgess; Ali Alizadeh; Robert Imre; Lorenzo Veracini; Jim Crosthwaite; Denise Woods; Melissa Bellanta; Martin Thomas; Belinda McGill; Bruce Johnson; Jaroslav Kusnir; Barbara Bush

2001-01-01

372

Reviews Australian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Francis G. Castles, The Working Class and Welfare: Reflections on the Political Development of the Welfare State in Australia and New Zealand, 1890–1980, Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1985, pp.128. $11.95 (paper)B. Costar and D. Woodward (eds), Country to National: Australian Rural Politics, Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1985, pp.150. $24.95 (cloth), $12.95 (paper)Jim Moss, Sound of Trumpets: History of the Labour

Winton Higgins; John Craig; John Wanna; Chris Fisher; Tony Ellis; Rob McQueen; Allan Brown; Mark Finnane; Stuart L. Pardau; Peter Beilharz; Alastair Davidson; Brian Head; Peter Graham; James Walter; Owen Hughes; L. J. Hume; David Boucher; Kevin Hewison; Michael W. Jackson; John Keane; Paul E. Corcoran; Di Zetlin; Joan Rydon

1986-01-01

373

Co-publication with Journal of Physics: Conference Series  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 7th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves was held on 8 14 July 2007, Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia. A selection of papers, chosen by the conference organisers, are published here in a special issue of Classical and Quantum Gravity. The bulk of the papers presented at the conference, after peer review, are published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

2008-06-01

374

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia) 2013 Embedding Data Stewardship in Geoscience Australia  

E-print Network

© Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia) 2013 Embedding Data Stewardship in Geoscience Australia Geoscience AustraliaIrina Bastrakova, Sue Fyfe For Further Information: Irina Bastrakova Email Steps Toward Implementing Stewardship: the Theory Implementation Timeline Geoscience Australia (GA) Data

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

375

CRICOS 00026A ABN 15 211 513 464  

E-print Network

@supra.usyd.edu.au sydney.edu.au/supra Sydney Uni Sport & Fitness University Sports & Aquatic Centre Camperdown/Darlington Campus T +61 2 9351 4960 E admin@sport.usyd.edu.au sydney.edu.au/susf The University of Sydney Union (USU sessions. T +61 2 8627 8433 E caps.admin@sydney.edu.au sydney.edu.au/counselling Disability Services

Viglas, Anastasios

376

Australian politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

David Black (ed.),The House on the Hill: A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832–1990(Perth: Parliament of Western Australia, 1991) pp.558. $n.p. ISBN 0 7309 3983 9.D.H. Borchardt,Commissions of Inquiry in Australia: A Brief Surrey(Melbourne: La Trobe University Press, 1991) pp.107. $24.95 ISBN 1 86324 011X.John Connell and Richard Howitt (eds),Mining and Indigenous Peoples in Australasia(Sydney: Sydney University Press

Ralph J. K. Chapman; David Lee; Ian Keen; Simon Fry; John Halligan; Malcolm Mackerras; Stephen Bottomley; William Maley; Andrew Norton; M. W. Jackson; Madeleine Grieve; Chris Schacht; Russell Trood; T. B. Millar; Jacinta OHagan; Robert F. Miller; Dennis Woodward; John Uhr; Andrew Parkin; Simon Duke; Michael Sullivan; Ian McAllister; Robert J. Maddox; Ralph Newmark; Robert Springborg; G. M. Dillon; Peter Shearman; Stephen R. Niblo; J. L. Richardson; Tony Mughan; W. G. McMinn; Helen Pringle; Wayne Cristaudo; David W. Lovell; Rick Kuhn; Bill Brugger; C. L. Ten; David Tucker; John Burnheim; David West; Janna Thompson

1992-01-01

377

Symmetry Breaking Toby Walsh #  

E-print Network

Symmetry Breaking Toby Walsh # National ICT Australia and School of CSE, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, tw@cse.unsw.edu.au Symmetry occurs in many problems in aritifical intelligence be able to swap them around without changing the performance of the computer. Symmetries come in many di

Walsh, Toby

378

Preservice Teachers' Learning among Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a collaborative venture between Autism Spectrum Australia and the University of Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The Social Club network was formed for children and adolescents to provide structured opportunities for positive peer interactions in safe, stimulating and nonjudgmental environments. The Social Clubs…

Power, Anne; Costley, Debra

2014-01-01

379

L4/Darwin: Evolving UNIX Geoffrey Lee and Charles Gray  

E-print Network

L4/Darwin: Evolving UNIX Geoffrey Lee and Charles Gray National ICT Australia, Sydney, Australia the benefits seen in the user environment. Apple's Darwin kernel is the open-source core of the Mac OS X spaces, robust hot-plug and support for server and workstation workloads. L4/Darwin (Darbat

380

Ecological and individual predictors of maternal smoking behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy by the individual mother's sociodemographic characteristics and ecological factors at the community level (suburbs). This analysis combined 1996 Australia Census and data on 3424 women attending Well-Baby-Clinics (WBC) between January 1996 and February 1998 within a region in South Western Sydney (SWS), Australia. The prevalence of

Hai N Phung; Adrian E Bauman; Lis Young; Mai H Tran; Ken M Hillman

2003-01-01

381

Lessons learnt from the first Australian 'pop-up' HIV testing site.  

PubMed

Lessons learnt from the first 'pop-up' HIV testing site in Australia suggest that highly visible testing activity was acceptable in the context of inner Sydney and that pop-up sites may be a useful adjunct to clinic-based models. Further evaluation of alternative testing models is needed to inform the scale up of HIV testing in Australia. PMID:25416921

Gale, Marianne; Holden, Jo; Kitchener, Samara; Knight, Vickie; McNulty, Anna; Price, Karen; Leeman, Craig; Cunningham, Philip; Hayen, Andrew; MacInytre, C Raina

2014-12-01

382

Story Telling: Australian Indigenous Women's Means of Health Promotion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Story-telling, an oral tradition of the indigenous peoples of Australia, was recorded on video as a vehicle for conveying health promotion messages in several urban Aboriginal (Koori) communities in Sydney, Australia. The video was made by a group of Koori women Elders and two female Aboriginal academics. The Elders integrated their personal…

Brock, Kaye; Acklin, F.; Newman, J.; Arbon, V.; Trindal, A.; Bermingham, M.; Thompson, B.

383

Children's Television in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews developments in the television industry in Australia with specific reference to children's television. Advertising regulations and research and publications related to children's television are also noted. (RAO)

Murray, John P.

1978-01-01

384

[Program for promoting social attachment among Poles in Australia in relation to their mental status].  

PubMed

Among the Polish community in Sydney in 1989 there was a significantly higher percentage of men than women. Compared to the Australian population, there was also a high percentage of single people (especially men), a high rate of childlessness and a majority of incomplete families. The data on admission to psychiatric institutions in New South Wales indicate, that Polish-born persons (males) hospitalized with psychiatric disorders were 2.5 times more than the population of Australian-born. Sociologists pointed that because of lesser contacts with other members of their ethnic groups, people find themselves isolated. There were also limited family members or relatives who could provide support. From the South Western Sydney Area Health Service initiative a 2-year programme "Gazeta seniora". The strategic goal was to reduce number of isolated Polish-born older people through a number of regular initiatives: newspaper supplement, radio programmes, meeting groups, phone line. According to the information obtained from health and social services and from the respondents survey, letters and interviews, there was an increased access to medical services (15 percent), number of ethic meeting groups (40 percent). The programme has encouraged community leaders to provide personal contact and support for isolated people. After two years there were twice as many programme participants "satisfied with life" mainly because of "other peoples and the community's" involvement (from 7.0 to 21.4 percent). In the discussion part the authors stressed a holistic and long-term aspect of social and environmental support of any community based health promotion intervention related to psychic health improvement. PMID:16358598

Kulmatycki, Les?aw; Lazowski, Jan

2005-01-01

385

The impact of heatwaves on mortality in Australia: a multicity study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess the heterogeneity of heatwave-related impacts on mortality across different cities. Design A multicity time series study. Setting 3 largest Australian cities: Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney. Participants All residents living in these cities. Main outcome measures Non-external causes mortality data by gender and two age groups (ie, 0–75 and 75+) for these cities during the period 1988–2009 were obtained from relevant government agencies. Results Total mortality increased mostly within the same day (lag 0) or a lag of 1?day (lag 1) during almost all heatwaves in three cities. Using the heatwave definition (HWD) as the 95th centile of mean temperature for two or more consecutive days in the summer season, the relative risk for total mortality at lag 1 in Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney was 1.13 (95% CI 1.08 to 1.19), 1.10 (95% CI 1.06 to 1.14) and 1.06 (95% CI 1.01 to 1.10), respectively. Using the more stringent HWD—the 99th centile of mean temperature for two or more consecutive days, the relative risk of total mortality at the lags of 0–2?days in Brisbane and Melbourne was 1.40 (95% CI 1.29 to 1.51) and 1.47 (95% CI 1.36 to 1.59), respectively. Elderly, particularly females, were more vulnerable to the impact of heatwaves. Conclusions A consistent and significant increase in mortality was observed during heatwaves in the three largest Australian cities, but the impacts of heatwave appeared to vary with age, gender, the HWD and geographical area. PMID:24549159

Tong, Shilu; Wang, Xiao Yu; Yu, Weiwei; Chen, Dong; Wang, Xiaoming

2014-01-01

386

Control of Pythium aphanidermatum by the addition of heavy metal supplements to the solutions used in the "nutrient film technique" culture of tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum  

E-print Network

. Neth. J. Agric. Sci. 10:361-376 ' 4. Bussler, W. 1981. Physiological functions of copper. p. 231 In: J. F. Longeragan, A. D. Robson, and R. D. Graham (eds. ). Copper in soils and plants. Academic Press, Sydney, Australia. 5. Copper, A. J. 1971... of copper by plants . p. 153-154. In: 35 J. F. Longeragan, A. D. Robson, and R. D. Graham (eds. ). Copper in soils and plants. Academic Press, Sydney, Australia. 13. Grove, S. N. 1971. Protoplasmic correlates of hyphal tip initiation and development...

Hawley, Henry William

1983-01-01

387

Community Music in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a historical perspective to the development of community music in Australia. Finding political support in Australia's progressive arts policies of the late 1970s, community music is discussed as embracing the principles of access and equity and supporting the development of musical skills in the context of social change and…

Harrison, Gillian

2010-01-01

388

Biodiesel Association of Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Biodiesel Association of Australia (BAA) "was founded in late 2000 to ensure that the biodiesel industry is established and flourishes in Australia." The BAA website contains basic, concise information about biodiesel; links to related news articles; downloadable BAA newsletters and biodiesel-related documents; an online discussion forum; and a collection of related links.

389

AUSTRALIA'S CARBON FOOTPRINT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an overview of the construction techniques and methods used to assign greenhouse gas accounts to industry sectors and of the use of input–output analysis to subsequently calculate the carbon footprint of Australia. The work is motivated by the introduction of an emissions-trading scheme in Australia, and by the need for policy to be developed around the direct

Richard Wood; Christopher J. Dey

2009-01-01

390

Scholarships Office Level 5, Jane Foss Russell Building G02  

E-print Network

Scholarships Office Level 5, Jane Foss Russell Building G02 The University of Sydney NSW 2006 T: 02 8627 8450 F: 02 8627 8485 E: scholarships.reception@sydney.edu.au W: sydney.edu.au/scholarships APPLICATION TO RECEIVE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY SCHOLARSHIP PART-TIME Please complete this form and return

Viglas, Anastasios

391

Back Packing in Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australia Back Packers' Guide offers travelers information about Australian culture, native animals, educational places to visit, bushwalking and climbing, employment opportunities, embassy information, hostels and accommodations, tour guides, travel fares, camping, currency exchange rates, International Student Exchange and more.

392

Keynes and Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recently recovered and released paper by Donald J Markwell of the Reserve Bank of Australia was presented at a seminar at the Reserve Bank of Australia in September 1985. The paper discusses with John Maynard Keynes's dealings with Australian government officials mainly during the period between World War I and World War II, a time of great "economic and social turmoil." The paper covers five main topics including the early impact of Keynesian economics in Australia, Keynes and the Australian Prime Minister, William Morris Hughes's views of the demands against Germany after the Great War, and the influence of Keynes in Australia's handling of its economic Depression. Albeit fifteen years old, this paper's conclusions are still quite relevant amd topical today.

Markwell, Donald J.

393

Nickel in Western australia.  

PubMed

Nickel ore deposits discovered in Archaean ultramafic greenstones and Tertiary laterites have resulted in frenzied ore search operations in Western Australia. This article outlines the geological background to the discoveries. PMID:16057474

Prider, R T

1970-05-23

394

MOBILESAT: Australia's own  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Australia will be introducing a dedicated Mobile Satellite Communications System following the launch of the AUSSAT-B satellites late in 1991. The Mobile Satellite System, MOBILESAT, will provide circuit switched voice/data services and packet-switched data services for land, aeronautical and maritime users. Here, an overview is given of the development program being undertaken within Australia to enable a fully commercial service to be introduced in 1992.

Wagg, Michael

1990-01-01

395

Crustaceans of Southern Australia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This intriguing resource on the Crustaceans of Southern Australia is provided by Dr. Gary Poore of the Museum of Victoria. Hundreds of images offer a peak into the diverse and colorful underwaters of Australia; images are accompanied by concise text, offering solid introductory information on the biology of marine crustaceans. Users will find this a worthy educational tool to learn more about Australian crustaceans from barnacles to crabs, ghost shrimps to lobsters.

1998-01-01

396

Storage, display and access--innovations at the Harry Daly Museum and the Richard Bailey Library of the Australian Society of Anaesthetists, Sydney.  

PubMed

Open storage with simple access to collection items and books is a well-established form of museum display. It is particularly suited to collections in which many examples of slightly differing artefacts are acquired during the process of research and field work. In the long run, open storage saves curatorial time, relieves storage space problems and increases visitor interest and participation. Simple access procedures are essential when busy professionals require information for their ongoing research or immediate application. PMID:20715643

Stanbury, P

2010-07-01

397

G.-L. THOMAS and SYDNEY YOUNG. -The vapour pressures, specific volumes, and critical constants of normal hexane (Tensions de vapeur, volumes spci-  

E-print Network

of normal hexane (Tensions de vapeur, volumes spéci- fiques et constantes critiques de l'hexane normal). -- Trans. of the Chem. Soc., 1896. L'hexane normal a été obtenu par l'action du sodium sur l'iodure de critiques a fourni, pour l'hexane normal, l'isopentane et la benzine, une très belle vérification du

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

398

Osmar R. Zaane & Mohammad El-Hajj, 2004 PAKDD 2004, Sydney Tutorial: Advances in Frequent Pattern Mining [1] Advances and Issues in Frequent  

E-print Network

products were often purchased together? -- beers and diapers! ­ What are the consequences of a hurricane candidate ­ Complexity ~ O(NMw) => Expensive since M = 2d !!! TID Items 1 Bread, Milk 2 Bread, Diaper, Beer, Eggs 3 Milk, Diaper, Beer, Coke 4 Bread, Milk, Diaper, Beer 5 B

Zaiane, Osmar R.

399

Multigene phylogeny reveals eusociality evolved twice in vespid wasps Heather M. Hines, James H. Hunt, Timothy K. O'Connor, Joseph J. Gillespie, and Sydney A.  

E-print Network

Multigene phylogeny reveals eusociality evolved twice in vespid wasps Cameron Heather M. Hines reveals eusociality evolved twice in vespid wasps Heather M. Hines , James H. Hunt , Timothy K. O, 2006) Eusocial wasps of the family Vespidae are thought to have derived their social behavior from

Cameron, Sydney A.

400

Injuries in professional rugby leagueA three-year prospective study of the South Sydney Professional Rugby League Football Club  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this 3-year prospective study, the incidence and nature of injuries incurred by a professional rugby league football club were investigated. During the 1989, 1990, and 1991 season games, 141 injuries occurred throughout the first, second, and under-21 age teams, which resulted in players missing subsequent games.The incidence of injury was 44.9 per 1000 player- position game hours, which is

Nathan Gibbs

1993-01-01

401

Proceedings of the 2006 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2006), pages 399407, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 2006 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2006 language processing (NLP) systems for an in- creasingly wider range of languages, including those languages-of-speech (POS) lexicon for a resource-poor language, dialectal Arabic. Developing a high-quality lexicon

Kirchhoff, Katrin

402

Connect, Combine, Communicate: Revitalizing the Arts in Canadian Schools. Selected Papers from the National Symposium on Arts Education (Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, August 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Symposium on Arts Education 1997 provided an opportunity for arts educators, professional artists, and representatives from government agencies to discuss common concerns and to develop strategies for strengthening the arts in Canadian schools. This collection of papers from the symposium addresses many questions about the future of…

Roberts, Brian A., Ed.

403

Ethnic Variability in Retinal Vessel Caliber: A Potential Source of Measurement Error from Ocular Pigmentation?—The Sydney Childhood Eye Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESULTS. Of the total participants, 1612 (92.6%) had gradable retinal photographs. CRAE and CRVE were normally distrib- uted, with means (SD) of 163.2 (14.0) and 227.3 (18.3) m, respectively. Both arteriolar and venular calibers were substan- tially wider in the East Asian than in the Caucasian children (CRAE, 171.5 m vs. 160.5 m; and CRVE, 240.5 m vs. 222.4 m;

Elena Rochtchina; Jie Jin Wang; Bronwen Taylor; Tien Y. Wong; Paul Mitchell

404

The Sydney Multicentre Study of Parkinson's disease: a randomised, prospective five year study comparing low dose bromocriptine with low dose levodopa-carbidopa  

Microsoft Academic Search

149 previously untreated patients with Parkinson's disease were recruited over a three year period and randomly allocated to either low dose levodopa-carbidopa (< or = 600\\/150 mg\\/day) or low dose bromocriptine (< or = 30 mg\\/day). A five year follow up is reported on the 126 patients who completed the dose titration and who have not developed features of atypical

M A Hely; J G Morris; W G Reid; D J OSullivan; P M Williamson; D Rail; G A Broe; S Margrie

1994-01-01

405

Estimating the Treatment Performance and OSD Characteristics of Both Proprietary and Non-proprietary WSUD Systems at Castle Hill in Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) there is often a focus on water quality control. In practice however, there is normally a need to provide extensive flood control, often through some form of on- site stormwater detention (OSD). Techniques such as stormwater infiltration and stormwater reuse allow opportunities for on-site retention, with little or no downstream stormwater discharge. However in

Simon Beecham; Paul Hourigan; John Wells; Scott Brisbin

2008-01-01

406

Australia's polio risk.  

PubMed

Australia, like all polio-free countries and regions, remains at risk of a wild poliovirus importation until polio is eradicated globally. The most probable route of importation will be through a traveller arriving in Australia either by air or sea from a polio-endemic or re-infected country. While the overall risk of an imported wild poliovirus infection leading to transmission within Australia is assessed as being low, some areas of the country have been identified as at increased risk. Local areas with relatively high arrivals from polio endemic countries, areas of low vaccination coverage and the potential for transmission to occur when these 2 factors are combined, were identified by this review as Australia's main polio risk. The risk of an importation event leading to locally acquired cases is mitigated by generally high polio vaccination coverage in Australia. This high coverage extends to residents of the Torres Strait Islands who are in close proximity to Papua New Guinea, a country identified as at high risk of poliovirus transmission should an importation occur. In 2012, all states and territories had vaccination coverage of greater than 90% at 1 year of age and all exceeded 93% at 2 years of age. Population immunity to wild poliovirus type 1, which remains the major cause of paralysis globally, has been estimated at 82%. This is sufficient to prevent outbreaks of this type in Australia. Of the 211 eligible non-polio acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases classified between 2008 and 2011, 91% (193) were vaccinated against polio at least once. High quality surveillance for AFP, which is supplemented by sentinel enterovirus and environmental surveillance activities, gives confidence that an imported case would be detected and appropriate public health action would ensue. PMID:25222205

Martin, Nicolee; Paterson, Beverley J; Durrheim, David N

2014-06-01

407

Cyclone Chris Hits Australia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This false-color image shows Cyclone Chris shortly after it hit Australia's northwestern coast on February 6, 2002. This scene was acquired by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite. (Please note that this scene has not been reprojected.) Cyclone Chris is one of the most powerful storms ever to hit Australia. Initially, the storm contained wind gusts of up to 200 km per hour (125 mph), but shortly after making landfall it weakened to a Category 4 storm. Meteorologists expect the cyclone to weaken quickly as it moves further inland.

2002-01-01

408

Sensor Registration for Robotic Applications Alen Alempijevic Sarath Kodagoda and Gamini Dissanayake  

E-print Network

Sensor Registration for Robotic Applications Alen Alempijevic Sarath Kodagoda and Gamini of Technology Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia a.alempijevic, s.kodagoda, g.dissanayake @cas.edu.au Summary. Multi-sensor of information from different sensors is a fundamental requirement in multi-sensor data fusion. Registration

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

409

Polarized maser growth D.B. Melrose and A.C. Judge  

E-print Network

Polarized maser growth D.B. Melrose and A.C. Judge School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, AUSTRALIA (Dated: August 25, 2004) A polarized maser is assumed to operate in an anisotropic medium with natural modes polarized differently to the maser. It is shown that when the spatial growth

Melrose, Don

410

Boys, Blogs and Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an action research project, young male students from Sydney, Australia and Richmond, USA contributed to a collaborative writing blog. Both groups of students shared the same text with their class teachers, while using the medium of collaborative blogging, a process which was facilitated and managed by the teacher-librarian. Data was gathered…

Pickworth, Margo

2010-01-01

411

Notre Dame celebrates Fr John Neill’s 80th birthday  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia has congratulated one of its founders, Fr John Neill, on his 80th birthday and celebrated the special day with a Mass and barbecue on the Sydney Campus attended by students, staff and members of the public. Fr John was the University’s first employee and established the Notre Dame Planning Office in 1988, which brought

Elizabeth Fenech

2012-01-01

412

Nonlinear dynamics of an ordinary electromagnetic mode in a pair plasma G. Z. Machabeli,* S. V. Vladimirov, and D. B. Melrose  

E-print Network

of propagating waves; in particular, the low-frequency modes associated with motions of ions e.g., ion-acoustic, The University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia Received 28 September 1998 Nonlinear generation instabilities, soliton formation, etc. 9,14­17 . The pulsar radio emission is believed to originate

Melrose, Don

413

Building Stone and Its Use in Rock Weathering Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building stone provides opportunities for geological study of weathering of different rocks in a particular environment and similar rocks in different environment. The principle studied can be applied on a large scale from the observation of small-scale weathering. Examples of weathering are drawn mainly from the Sydney region of Australia. (RE)

Dragovich, Deirdre

1979-01-01

414

Tourism climatology: evaluating environmental information for decision making and business planning in the recreation and tourism sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work grew from initiatives of the International Society of Biometeorology's Commission on Climate, Tourism and Recreation (ISBCCTR). The ISBCCTR was formed during the 15th Congress of the ISB held in November 1999 in Sydney, Australia. The aim of ISBCCTR is to promote research in tourism climatology. The first formal meeting of the Commission took place at the Meliton Resort,

C. R. de Freitas

2003-01-01

415

A Gaussian Mixture PHD Filter for Nonlinear Jump Markov Models Ba-Ngu Vo, Ahmed Pasha, Hoang Duong Tuan  

E-print Network

A Gaussian Mixture PHD Filter for Nonlinear Jump Markov Models Ba-Ngu Vo, Ahmed Pasha, Hoang Duong Tuan Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia Email: bv@ee.unimelb.edu.au, s.pasha@student.unsw.edu.au, h.d.tuan

Vo, Ba-Ngu

416

A Gaussian Mixture PHD Filter for Jump Markov System Models  

E-print Network

A Gaussian Mixture PHD Filter for Jump Markov System Models Ahmed Pasha, Ba-Ngu Vo, Hoang Duong Tuan, Wing-Kin Ma§ Abstract The probability hypothesis density (PHD) filter is an attractive approach South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. E-mail: h.d.tuan@unsw.edu.au Tel.: +61 2 9385 5375 Fax: +61 2

Vo, Ba-Ngu

417

GATS and the New Developmentalism: Governing Transnational Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces a relatively recent development, the inclusion of education as a tradable service under the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) General Agreement on Trade and Services (GATS). The author focuses on two Trade in Education Services forums--one in Washington, DC (USA), and one in Sydney (Australia)--to investigate the…

Sidhu, Ravinder

2007-01-01

418

Identifying Dilemmas for Early Childhood Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines situation-based learning as used within the Bachelor of Teaching (Early Childhood) program at the University of Western Sydney, Australia, and the processes of reflection and evaluation that accompany it, and discusses how issues identified by educators are incorporated as subjects into packages for students' study and…

Dockett, Sue; Tegel, Kim

419

464 UAC 201415 Guide Interactive Entertainment  

E-print Network

.aie.edu.au The Academy of Interactive Entertainment is Australia's most awarded 3D animation, game design and visual FX464 UAC 2014­15 Guide Academy of Interactive Entertainment SYDNEY CAMPUS CRICOS provider number 02406F postal enquiries in person Academy of Interactive Entertainment Academy of Interactive

New South Wales, University of

420

The Bellinger Emydura Ecology, Population Status and  

E-print Network

by the Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, for the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service National Parks and Wildlife Service, Sydney, by the Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra: Ricky-J Spencer, Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, ACT 2616, Australia. Phone (02

Canberra, University of

421

The Wrong Trigonometry N J Wildberger  

E-print Network

The Wrong Trigonometry N J Wildberger School of Maths UNSW Sydney Australia 2052 December 14, 2005 1 What's wrong with trigonometry? Trigonometry begins with the study of triangles. A triangle has three side lengths, three vertex angles, and an area. Classical trigonometry studies these seven

Wildberger, Norman

422

A Rational Approach to Trigonometry N J Wildberger  

E-print Network

A Rational Approach to Trigonometry N J Wildberger School of Maths UNSW Sydney Australia 2052 January 24, 2007 The trigonometry which you learnt at school is the wrong trigonometry. Young people over to explain to you the right approach­called rational trigonometry. It is based on the idea that algebra

Wildberger, Norman

423

ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL  

E-print Network

COURSE GUIDE 2013 UTS: ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL UNDERGRADUATE w w w.eng.uts.edu.au #12;2 / ENGINEERING IN AUSTRALIA Internationally, Australian universities have a reputation for high quality research developed close links with many international institutions, particularly in Asia. ENGINEERING IN SYDNEY

University of Technology, Sydney

424

Evaluation of 11 terrestrial carbonnitrogen cycle models against observations from two temperate Free-Air CO2 Enrichment  

E-print Network

, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia; 3 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Environmental Sciences Division, Climate Change Science Institute, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA; 4 Department of Earth and Environment, plant physiology. Summary We analysed the responses of 11 ecosystem models to elevated atmospheric [CO2

Oren, Ram

425

Evaluation of 11 terrestrial carbonnitrogen cycle models against observations from two temperate Free-Air CO2 Enrichment  

E-print Network

, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia; 3 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Environmental Sciences Division, Climate Change Science Institute, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA; 4 Department of Earth and Environment) limitation, plant physiology. Summary We analysed the responses of 11 ecosystem models to elevated

426

Profiles of photosynthetic pigments in the ocean using thin-layer chromatography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phytoplankton pigments at a coastal station off Sydney, Australia, were studied by cellulose thinlayer chromatography. The chromatographic procedure distinguished chlorophylls a, b and c, chlorophyllide a, pheophytin a and pheophorbide a, and the major carotenoids carotene, astaxanthin, fucoxanthin, peridinin, diadinoxanthin and neoxanthin. Chlorophyllide a and pheophorbide a were the most significant chlorophyll-a degradation products in the water column, chlorophyllide a

S. W. Jeffrey

1974-01-01

427

Weights in stable marriage problems increase manipulation opportunities  

E-print Network

Weights in stable marriage problems increase manipulation opportunities Maria Silvia Pini Walsh NICTA and UNSW Sydney, Australia toby.walsh@nicta.com.au ABSTRACT The stable marriage problem-sided mar- ket. In the classical stable marriage problem, both men and women express a strict preference

Rossi, Francesca

428

Breaking Generator Symmetry George Katsirelos  

E-print Network

Breaking Generator Symmetry George Katsirelos NICTA Sydney, Australia george problematic. One solution is to focus on just sym- metries that generate the symmetry group. Whilst there are special cases where breaking just the symmetries in a generating set is complete, there are also cases

Walsh, Toby

429

The ecology of pulse events: insights from an extreme climatic event  

E-print Network

and communities. The flow of water increased soil water availability and decreased salinity within the wetted zone and Health, University of Western Sydney, Penrith NSW 2751 Australia 3 Department of Biology, Brigham Young the range normally experienced. Such conditions may cause rapid changes in community composition

Wall, Diana

430

A Massive Star Odyssey, from Main Sequence to Supernova Proceedings IAU Symposium No. 212, c  

E-print Network

(+OB) environments: pinwheels P.G. Tuthill School of Physics, Sydney University, NSW 2006, Australia. J.D. Monnier to host much elegant physics, including the recently discovered pinwheel outflows in WR 104 (Tuthill, Monnier, & Danchi 1999) and WR 98a (Monnier, Tuthill, & Danchi 1999). The census of pinwheels has recently

Monnier, John D.

431

Disruptive events: elite education and the discursive production of violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the discursive production of violence in the context of educational markets. Drawing on a larger study of sexually violent incidents that occurred in an elite private boys' school in Sydney, Australia, in 2000, the paper examines disciplinary traditions and communicative practices surrounding these events. Insights from Michel Foucault and Michel de Certeau inform the analysis of market?inflected

Sue Saltmarsh

2008-01-01

432

The Development of Students' Mathematics Self-Concept in Relation to Gender: Different Countries, Different Trajectories?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender differences in the development of children's and adolescents' academic self-perceptions have received increasing attention in recent years. This study extends previous research by examining the development of mathematics self-concept across grades 7-12 in three cultural settings: Australia (Sydney; N = 1,333), the United States (Michigan; N…

Nagy, Gabriel; Watt, Helen M. G.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Trautwein, Ulrich; Ludtke, Oliver; Baumert, Jurgen

2010-01-01

433

Outcome of Patients Attending a Specialist Educational and Mental Health Service for Social Anxiety Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of adolescents with anxiety-based school attendance problems enrolled in a specialist adolescent educational and mental health program that provides educational assistance and social skills development, and to suggest key elements that may account for its apparent effectiveness. Young people attending the Sulman Program in Sydney, Australia, between March 2003 and

Gerard Mcshane; Cheryl Bazzano; Garry Walter; Giles Barton

2007-01-01

434

Future development of the PLATO observatory for Antarctic science  

E-print Network

Future development of the PLATO observatory for Antarctic science Michael C. B. Ashley*a, Colin S Observatory, Sydney NSW 1710, Australia; ABSTRACT PLATO is a self-contained robotic observatory built into two since January 2008, and has accumulated over 730 days of uptime at the time of writing. PLATO provides 0

Ashley, Michael C. B.

435

Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work A Platform for Trading Agent Competition  

E-print Network

Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work A Platform for Trading Agent Competition Dongmo Zhang and Chun Gao Intelligent Systems Laboratory University of Western Sydney Australia #12;Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion

Zhang, Dongmo

436

The Impact of World Youth Day on Religious Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

World Youth Day, a youth-focused Catholic celebration, is the largest recurring youth event in the world. The 10th International World Youth Day (WYD) was held from 15-20 July 2008, in Sydney, Australia and attenders participated in a week-long series of religious events and activities. Little research in English has been conducted on WYD…

Singleton, Andrew

2011-01-01

437

Prospective Study of the Impact of Fear of Falling on Activities of Daily Living, SF36 Scores, and Nursing Home Admission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of fear of falling on the health of older people. Methods. A total of 528 subjects (mean age 77 years) were recruited from two hospitals in Sydney, Australia, and followed for approximately 12 months. Eighty-five subjects died during follow-up, and 31 were admitted to an aged care institution. Tinetti's

Robert G. Cumming; Glenn Salkeld; Margaret Thomas; George Szonyi

2000-01-01

438

Heather Bowles' biography  

Cancer.gov

Heather Bowles, PhD, is a Physical Activity Epidemiologist with the Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch in the Applied Research Program. Before coming to the National Cancer Institute, Dr. Bowles held a research academic appointment in Australia at the Centre for Physical Activity and Health, University of Sydney.

439

Some classical cryptography MATH2068/2988 Number Theory & Cryptography  

E-print Network

Some classical cryptography MATH2068/2988 Number Theory & Cryptography Week 3 Lecture 1 University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia August 11th 2014 #12;Why do we study classical cryptography? Our main objective in cryptography is to understand the RSA and Elgamal cryptosystems But it makes no sense to study these modern

Howlett, Robert Brian

440

Some classical cryptography MATH2068/2988 Number Theory & Cryptography  

E-print Network

Some classical cryptography MATH2068/2988 Number Theory & Cryptography Week 3 Lecture 1 University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia August 13th 2013 #12;Why do we study classical cryptography? Our main objective in cryptography is to understand the RSA and Elgamal cryptosystems But it makes no sense to study these modern

Fish, Alexander

441

Depression among entrants to treatment for heroin dependence in the Australian Treatment Outcome Study (ATOS): prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To determine the rate of current major depressive disorder (MDD) among entrants to treatment for heroin dependence in three treatment modalities and a non-treatment comparison group; and to ascertain factors associated with depression. Design: Cross sectional structured interview. Setting: Sydney, Australia. Participants: 615 current heroin users: 201 entering methadone\\/buprenorphine maintenance (MT), 201 entering detoxification (DTX), 133 entering drug free

Maree Teesson; Alys Havard; Sandra Fairbairn; Joanne Ross; Michael Lynskey; Shane Darke

2005-01-01

442

Rumour Has It: The Impact of Maternal Talk on Primary School Choice for Children Diagnosed with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the pivotal role of rumour in shaping primary school choice decisions for parents of children diagnosed with autism. Drawing on semi-structured interviews with 22 mothers conducted in Sydney, Australia, this study points to the varied functions of grapevine knowledge about schools gleaned in diverse contexts, including early…

Lilley, Rozanna

2015-01-01

443

SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURES FOR JPEG2000 David Taubman  

E-print Network

SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURES FOR JPEG2000 David Taubman The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia d.taubman@unsw.edu.au Abstract: This paper is concerned with software architectures for JPEG2000. The paper is informed by the au- thor's own work on the JPEG2000 VM (Veri¿cation Model) and the Kakadu

Taubman, David S

444

Putting sexual conflict in perspective Sexual Conflict by Go ran Arnqvist and Locke Rowe. Princeton University Press, 2005. US$99.50/65.00, US$39.50/26.95 hbk/pbk  

E-print Network

of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia If the idea that sexual reproduction is a cooperative conflict influences the ecology and evolution of sexual reproduction, from vicious penis-fencing duelsPutting sexual conflict in perspective Sexual Conflict by Go¨ ran Arnqvist and Locke Rowe

Sokolowski, Marla

445

Football analysis using spatio-temporal tools Joachim Gudmundsson  

E-print Network

Football analysis using spatio-temporal tools Joachim Gudmundsson University of Sydney and NICTA, Australia thomas.wolle@gmail.com ABSTRACT Analysing a football match is without doubt an important task specifically for analysing the performance of football players and teams. The aim, functionality

Wolle, Thomas

446

Don't Just Look, Listen: Uncovering Children's Cognitive Strategies during Spelling-Related Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study that used verbal protocols to uncover the cognitive strategies of children from Sydney, Australia, aged 8- to 9-years-old, when they were engaged in a range of word sorting and editing activities. The children's cognitive strategies have been analysed in terms of a developmental stage theory of spelling. The findings…

Young, Kirsty

2008-01-01

447

Influence of Location, Population, and Climate on Building Damage and Fatalities due to Australian Bushfire: 19252009  

E-print Network

University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ROGER A. PIELKE JR. Center for Science and Technology Policy of the most affected towns--Marysville and Kinglake--is the large proportion of buildings destroyed either American Meteorological Society #12;terms of loss of life and property damage, even before the societal

Colorado at Boulder, University of

448

Publications of t h e Astronomical Society of t h e Pacific, 110:306316, 1998 March 1998. The Astronomical Society of the Pacific. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.  

E-print Network

, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia; mboccas@newt.phys.unsw.edu.au, mcba@newt.phys.unsw.edu.au, map@newt.phys.unsw.edu.au, aes@newt.phys.unsw.edu.au, jwvs@newt.phys.unsw.edu.au Received 1997

Ashley, Michael C. B.

449

Urban Poverty in China's State-owned Enterprise Communities A Mixed Methods Study and Preliminary Analysis  

E-print Network

Urban Poverty in China's State-owned Enterprise Communities A Mixed Methods Study and Preliminary Sydney, Australia Abstract: Urban poverty among laid-off workers has become one of the major challenges increasing interest in using mixed methods in poverty research, there are no published reports of its

Krivobokova, Tatyana

450

Teacher Education: The Challenge of the Seventies. International Perspectives on Theory and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report contains five speeches presented at the International Council on Education for Teaching Conference in Sydney, Australia in August, 1970. Titles and authors of the speeches are 1) "New Developments in Education for the Seventies" by Seth Spaulding, 2) "The Uses and Abuses of Diversity in Teacher Education" by Harry S. Broudy, 3)…

International Council on Education for Teaching, Washington, DC.

451

Erection works start on largest NSW power project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Eraring power station in New South Wales is expected to be Australia's largest power station. Underground work is nearly completed, and the first components are starting to be erected and installed. Concurrently, the New South Wales Electricity Commission is reinforcing the grid near Sydney with 330 kV underground power cable. The Eraring station will have a 2640 MW capacity,

1979-01-01

452

Professional Development of Teacher Educators: A Cross Border Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a collaborative project between the Faculty of Education and Social Work at the University of Sydney, Australia, and the School of Education at Can Tho University, Vietnam. The project aimed to develop a model for the professional development of teacher educators in the context of educational innovations in…

Laws, Kevin; Harbon, Lesley; Nguyen, Nam; Trinh, Lap

2009-01-01

453

A novel transient turbulent jet flame for studying turbulent combustion  

E-print Network

and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Available online 29 August 2012 with large- eddy simulation (LES)/probability density function (PDF) to advance the calculations of transient of the separated flame regions, and then the returning of the flame to statistical stationarity. The base test

454

Expression-invariant Facial Identification Pohsiang Tsai  

E-print Network

. Keywords--Face Recognition, Expression-Invariant Face Recognition, Pseudo-Neutral Image I. INTRODUCTION's identity, faces with facial expressions make the recognition more difficult [2]. Facial expression Technology University of Technology, Sydney, Australia tiptran@it.uts.edu.au Longbing Cao School of Software

Cao, Longbing

455

Disruptive Events: Elite Education and the Discursive Production of Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the discursive production of violence in the context of educational markets. Drawing on a larger study of sexually violent incidents that occurred in an elite private boys' school in Sydney, Australia, in 2000, the paper examines disciplinary traditions and communicative practices surrounding these events. Insights from Michel…

Saltmarsh, Sue

2008-01-01

456

[CANCER RESEARCH 64, 69346940, October 1, 2004] Oncogenic Action of Secreted Phospholipase A2 in Prostate Cancer  

E-print Network

in Prostate Cancer Paul Sved,1 Kieran F. Scott,4 Duncan McLeod,3 Nicholas J. C. King,2 Jas Singh,1 Tania Therapeutics Centre, St. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia ABSTRACT Mortality from prostate cancer of the proliferation of prostate cancer cells in culture and regulate tumor vascularization and metastasis in animal

Gelb, Michael

457

Research into the workload and roles of oncology nurses within an outpatient oncology unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project evaluated the roles and workload of Registered Nurses (RNs) within an outpatient Cancer Care Centre (CCC) of a tertiary referral hospital in Sydney, Australia. The research incorporated the two distinct areas of radiation oncology and haematology oncology.Patient throughput (incorporating clinic attendance and treatments) was known to have increased substantially since the centre opened in 1994. The nursing Full

Nicole Blay; Jill Cairns; Joy Chisholm; Jenny O'Baugh

2002-01-01

458

Adult Communication Management in Adult Vocational Education: A Contemporary Australian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the field of adult vocational education has grown significantly, this paper outlines one way that the field of communication studies has been specifically and selectively applied to the initial and continuing professional development needs of adult vocational educators at the University of Technology in Sydney Australia. The paper…

Kaye, Michael

459

Leaf trait relationships of native and invasive plants: community- and global-scale comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary • Leaf carbon capture strategies of native and exotic invasive plants were compared by examining leaf traits and their scaling relationships at community and global scales. • Community-level leaf trait data were obtained for 55 vascular plant species from nutrient-enriched and undisturbed bushland in Sydney, Australia. Global-scale leaf trait data were compiled from the literature for 75 native and

Michelle R. Leishman; Tammy Haslehurst; Adrian Ares; Zdravko Baruch

2007-01-01

460

Guide to Education Abroad Kent State Florence  

E-print Network

-Thursday and are taught through traditional instruction infused with experiential learning. A high emphasis is placed exchange consortium that gives students the opportunity to participate in a worldwide network of over 300 University Courses offered in: Term Advisor Australia University of Technology, Sydney English Semester, Year

Khan, Javed I.

461

An Introduction to the Third International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the highlights of the Third International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy, which was held at the Manly Pacific Hotel in Sydney, Australia from April 21-24, 2006. This symposium built on those held in Ottawa and Vancouver in 1999 and 2001 respectively and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and…

McCowan, Colin

2006-01-01

462

Cellular Automata in MIDI based Computer Music Dave Burraston*  

E-print Network

time and the full impact of this work is just beginning to emerge, influence and impact on the cuttingCellular Automata in MIDI based Computer Music Dave Burraston* , Ernest Edmonds* , Dan Livingstone of Technology, Sydney, Australia dave@noyzelab.com, ernest@ernestedmonds.com Computer Music Research, School

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

463

www.corsnet.com.au State infrastructure for GNSS  

E-print Network

use CORS? · Improved productivity in surveying & land management: 20-40% in 2012 further 20% by 2020 service. Allan Consulting (2013) Precise positioning services in the surveying and land management sector, UNSW, Sydney, Australia, 7-8 July 2014 · Land surveying, construction & mining. · Machine control

Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

464

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

for the International Wildland Fire Summit (Sydney, Australia, 8 October 2003) and the follow-up process. The Summit (UNFCCC). Given the large number of sectoral responsibilities within the UN system the need has been action leading to greater control of burning, especially in tropical countries and in the boreal zone

Standiford, Richard B.

465

Juggling the Balls--Study, Work, Family and Play: Student Perspectives on Flexible and Blended Heutagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on research with the student cohort in one of the early childhood teacher education programmes at the University of Western Sydney, Australia. It explores students' perceptions of a flexible and blended pedagogy, or "heutagogy" which combines online work with face-to-face lectures and tutorials. Research into teaching and…

Ashton, Jean; Elliott, Roslyn

2007-01-01

466

Exploring and Supporting Home Language Maintenance in Informal Playgroups: Working with Pacific Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on three years of fieldwork within informal supported play-groups in inner Sydney. In Australia, some 40% of children reach school age without attending formal preschools. Aboriginal and immigrant groups are greatly overrepresented in this statistic. For these children, informal playgroups, funded from a range of government and…

Morgan, Liam; Chodkiewicz, Andrew

2011-01-01

467

Cat genotype Tritrichomonas foetus survives passage through the alimentary tract of two common slug species  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tritrichomonas foetus has recently been recognised as the cause of large bowel diarrhoea in cats (feline trichomoniasis), for which the epidemiology is largely unknown. We tested whether garden slugs common in Sydney, Australia can pass viable T. foetus in their faeces after oral intake. First, Leopard slugs (Limax maximus) were offered cat food with 104 of T. foetus per gram,

Matthew Van der Saag; Denise McDonell; Jan Šlapeta

2011-01-01

468

All this fuss about a trivial incident? women, hospitals and medical work in New South Wales, 1900-1920  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ‘woman doctor question’ was a title given to the public debates that erupted in early twentieth-century New South Wales (Australia) over the employment of women doctors in general hospitals. Two wellqualified women, Drs Susie O'Reilly and Jessie Aspinall, were rejected from hospital residencies in Sydney, which led a wide variety of groups and individuals to mobilise in print, not

Louella McCarthy

2005-01-01

469

Invasion success of exotic plants in natural ecosystems: the role of disturbance, plant attributes and freedom from herbivores  

Microsoft Academic Search

Invasion of natural ecosystems by exotic species is a major threat to biodiversity globally. We assessed two alternative (but not exclusive) hypotheses to explain the success of exotic species in urban bushland on low fertility sandstone-derived soils in Sydney, Australia. These were that success of exotic species is promoted by: (1) plant attributes in particular disturbance types; and (2) freedom

Janet C Lake; Michelle R Leishman

2004-01-01

470

Beyond Rhetoric in Debates About the Ethics of Marketing Prescription Medicines to Consumers: The Importance of Vulnerability in People, Situations, and Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines community responses to the marketing of prescription medicines. Historically, debates about such marketing have focused on alleged unscrupulousness of pharmaceutical companies and on the quality of information provided. Six focus groups were conducted in Sydney, Australia, three with older and three with younger community members. Analysis examined interactions between group members, the positions participants took up, conflicting

Stacy M. Carter; Gabrielle N. Samuel; Ian Kerridge; Richard Day; Rachel A. Ankeny; Christopher F. C. Jordens; Paul Komesaroff

2010-01-01

471

InCoB2014: Systems Biology update from the Asia-Pacific  

PubMed Central

Selected papers from the 13th International Conference on Bioinformatics (InCoB2014), July 31-2 August, 2014 in Sydney, Australia have been compiled in this supplement. These range from network analysis and gene regulatory networks to systems level biological analysis, providing the 2014 update to InCoB's computational systems biology research. PMID:25521591

2014-01-01

472

A multi-transmitter multi-receiver model for molecular communication networks  

E-print Network

, medical diagnosis and cancer therapy [3, 1]. Secondly, the study of synthetic molecular communicationA multi-transmitter multi-receiver model for molecular communication networks Chun Tung Chou School and Engineering The University of New South Wales Sydney 2052, Australia #12;Abstract We consider molecular

New South Wales, University of

473

Information Disclosure on MySpace--the What, the Why and the Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of the first academic study of the use of a major social networking website, MySpace, by children. The study examined the degree of, and reasons for, information disclosure by children in high schools in Sydney, Australia. Social networking sites such as MySpace are a huge Internet phenomenon, some with hundreds of…

De Souza, Zaineb; Dick, Geoffrey N.

2008-01-01

474

Cosmic Rays on the Pacific Ocean  

Microsoft Academic Search

Records of cosmic-ray intensity obtained on the R. M. S. Aorangi during 12 voyages between Vancouver, Canada and Sydney, Australia, from March 17, 1936, to January 18, 1937, using a Carnegie model C cosmic-ray meter, are described and discussed. Typical records exhibiting the latitude effect are shown. A summary of the data taken at sea is given in the form

A. H. Compton; R. N. Turner

1937-01-01

475

Learning for Being: An Ontological and Existential Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will investigate the ontological and existential learning experience of a group of laterlife computer learners in Sydney, Australia. The research, undertaken as a PhD project, focused on the interpretation and understanding of the learning experience from the perspective of the learners. Hence, a qualitative method was used because it…

Russell, Helen

2007-01-01

476

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 0095-1137/02/$04.00 0 DOI: 10.1128/JCM.40.1.172181.2002  

E-print Network

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 0095-1137/02/$04.00 0 DOI: 10.1128/JCM.40.1.172­181.2002 Jan. 2002, p. 172­181 Vol. 40, No. 1 Copyright © 2002, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights* Department of Microbiology, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Received 11 May 2001/Returned

Lan, Ruiting

477

Teaching Physics Novices at University: A Case for Stronger Scaffolding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2006 a new type of tutorial, called Map Meeting, was successfully trialled with novice first year physics students at the University of Sydney, Australia. Subsequently, in first semester 2007 a large-scale experiment was carried out with 262 students who were allocated either to the strongly scaffolding Map Meetings or to the less scaffolding…

Lindstrom, Christine; Sharma, Manjula D.

2011-01-01

478

Retirement: A Problematic Concept for Older Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports a study exploring the meaning of retirement for older professional women. The analysis is based on 50 questionnaires, and 25 indepth interviews of women between the ages of 45 and 65, all recognised high achievers in the field of human services in Sydney, Australia.Most women in the sample did not make systematic plans for their retirement, nor

Jenny Onyx; Pam Benton

1996-01-01

479

InCoB2014: Systems Biology update from the Asia-Pacific.  

PubMed

Selected papers from the 13th International Conference on Bioinformatics (InCoB2014), July 31-2 August, 2014 in Sydney, Australia have been compiled in this supplement. These range from network analysis and gene regulatory networks to systems level biological analysis, providing the 2014 update to InCoB's computational systems biology research. PMID:25521591

Ranganathan, Shoba; Tan, Tin; Schönbach, Christian

2014-12-01

480

WHAT FRACTION OF SUN-LIKE STARS HAVE PLANETS? Charles H. Lineweaver and Daniel Grether  

E-print Network

has been to find and describe new exo- planets. As more exoplanets have been found, the questionWHAT FRACTION OF SUN-LIKE STARS HAVE PLANETS? Charles H. Lineweaver and Daniel Grether Department of Astrophysics, School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia; charley

Lineweaver, Charles H.

481

The Rise and Fall of Innovative Education: An Australian University Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1980 to 1995, the University of Western Sydney at Hawkesbury (formerly Hawkesbury Agricultural College) in Richmond, New South Wales, Australia, pioneered an innovative undergraduate degree in Systems Agriculture based on experiential education, systems thinking, and adult learning theory. Today this program is in trouble and has reverted…

Patterson, Thomas F., Jr.

2007-01-01

482

Off Earth Mining Forum 19-21 February 2013  

E-print Network

1 Off Earth Mining Forum 19-21 February 2013 www.acser.unsw.edu.au/oemf Never Stand Still Faculty of Engineering Australian Centre for Space Engineering Research (ACSER) #12;Off Earth Mining Forum, UNSW, Sydney Australia's place in space. Off Earth Mining Forum Sponsors Off Earth Mining Forum The prospect of people

Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

483

Hegemony, Big Money and Academic Independence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers whether a threat is posed to academic independence in corporate universities by the United States Studies Centre (USSC) at the University of Sydney. The USSC rapidly worked its way into Australia's oldest university, building a unique governance structure in which a private business lobby vets senior academics and controls…

Anderson, Tim

2010-01-01

484

The High-Skilled VET Practitioner: Interim Findings from the Evaluation of the Long-Term Impacts of the Framing the Future Projects in 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was conducted in 2000-01 on the long-term impacts of the 200 projects funded by Australia's Framing the Future in 1999 and of the 250 conducted in 2000. Two main research methodologies (case study investigations and a survey) were used for the study. Case study investigations were conducted with the Deaf Education Network in Sydney; South…

Mitchell, John; Wood, Sarah; Young, Susan

485

A Time-series Pattern based Noise Generation Strategy for Privacy Protection in Cloud Computing  

E-print Network

A Time-series Pattern based Noise Generation Strategy for Privacy Protection in Cloud Computing of Technology, Sydney Broadway, NSW, Australia 2007 Jinjun.Chen@uts.edu.au Abstract--Cloud computing promises of cloud computing security, there is a need to take special actions to protect privacy at client sides

Yang, Yun

486

InterCloud: Utility-Oriented Federation of Cloud Computing Environments for Scaling of  

E-print Network

The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia Abstract Cloud computing providers have setup several dataInterCloud: Utility-Oriented Federation of Cloud Computing Environments for Scaling of Application Services Rajkumar Buyya1, 2 , Rajiv Ranjan3 , Rodrigo N. Calheiros1 1 Cloud Computing and Distributed

Calheiros, Rodrigo N.

487

Unified Representation and Reuse of Federated Cloud Resources Configuration Knowledge  

E-print Network

Sydney 2052, Australia #12;Abstract Current cloud resource delivery models enforce cloud resource-of-concept prototype to test our approach. #12;1 Introduction The Cloud computing paradigm transforms applications on consumers' application and resource requirements[1, 2, 21]. Cloud computing is evolving in the form of both

New South Wales, University of

488

Syntactic and semantic reasoning in mathematics teaching and David Easdown  

E-print Network

is subject to error as much as any other human activity. One can be lulled into a false sense of security of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Abstract This paper discusses a variety of examples in errors in mathematical reasoning, the source of which is due to the tension between syntax

Sydney, University of

489

Drug use monitoring of police detainees in New South Wales: The first two years  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Drug Use Monitoring Australia project (DUMA) continues to provide valuable information on illicit drug use trends among police detainees and insights into illicit drug markets. This bulletin draws upon data from a sample of police detainees from two Local Area Commands within Sydney, collected over the first two years of DUMA's operation in New South Wales. Both self-report data

Karen Freeman; Jacqueline Fitzgerald

490

Homology Model of Juvenile Hormone Esterase From the Crop Pest, Heliothis virescens  

E-print Network

Homology Model of Juvenile Hormone Esterase From the Crop Pest, Heliothis virescens Beth Ann Thomas. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia ABSTRACT Juvenile Hormone Esterase (JHE) plays an essential role in the development of insects since it is partially responsible for clearing juvenile hormone (JH), one

Hammock, Bruce D.

491

Explicit and Implicit User Preferences in Online Dating Joshua Akehurst, Irena Koprinska, Kalina Yacef, Luiz Pizzato, Judy Kay and  

E-print Network

Explicit and Implicit User Preferences in Online Dating Joshua Akehurst, Irena Koprinska, Kalina, Australia firstname.lastname@sydney.edu.au Abstract. In this paper we study user behavior in online dating. Keywords: Explicit and implicit user preferences, online dating, recommender systems. 1 Introduction Online

Koprinska, Irena

492

CORDEX An international climate downscaling J.P. Evans1  

E-print Network

CORDEX ­ An international climate downscaling initiative J.P. Evans1 1 Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales,Sydney, New South Wales Email: jason.evans@unsw.edu.au Abstract, Perth, Australia, 12­16 December 2011 http://mssanz.org.au/modsim2011 2705 #12;Evans, CORDEX

Evans, Jason

493

Exploring Diversity: Reflections Ten Years On. Australian Early Childhood Resource Booklets, No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet reflects the past 10 year's thoughts and experiences and presents the current debate concerning multicultural early childhood education, as experienced by the Lady Gowrie Child Centre, in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The booklet describes how the center experienced the satisfying process of change and growth with such a program…

Schurch, Pam; Hopson, Elizabeth

494

Plant height and evolutionary games Daniel S. Falster and Mark Westoby  

E-print Network

Plant height and evolutionary games Daniel S. Falster and Mark Westoby Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia In plants, investment in height improves access height depend on which other height strategies are present, competition for light can usefully be framed

Utrecht, Universiteit

495

Secular trends in growth in diabetes: are we winning?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To determine potential effects of modern treatment on growth in diabetic children.Methods: Retrospective analysis of growth in diabetic children stratified by their year of diagnosis between 1974 and 1995. A total of 451 children and adolescents attending the Diabetes Outpatient and Outreach Clinics of Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children in Sydney and rural NSW, Australia were studied. Standard deviation

K C Donaghue; O Kordonouri; A Chan; M Silink

2003-01-01

496

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-print Network

's personal copy Models of contrasting strategies of rhinovirus immune manipulation Frederick R. Adler a of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia H I G H L I G H T S c We develop a detailed model of how rhinovirus interacts rhinovirus. c We predict similar courses of damage but different levels of immunity. c Provides a framework

Adler, Fred

497

Brief Report: The Factor Structure of Mood States in an Early Adolescent Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the structure of negative mood states among young adolescents. Students (N=216) aged 11-15 years from a secondary school in Melbourne, Australia, completed the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales (DASS) [Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1996). "Depression anxiety stress scales." Sydney: The Psychology…

Duffy, Christopher J.; Cunningham, Everarda G.; Moore, Susan M.

2005-01-01

498

PD-1 inhibitors raise survival in NSCLC.  

PubMed

Two PD-1 inhibitors, Bristol-Myers Squibb's nivolumab and Merck's MK-3475, both demonstrated positive results in phase I trials of previously treated patients with non-small cell lung cancer, reported at the World Conference on Lung Cancer in Sydney, Australia. PMID:24402925

2014-01-01

499

Beyond Lip Service: A Council Approach to Planning for Behaviour Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council of the City of Sydney--like many other councils around Australia--has embarked on a whole-of-council approach to establishing sustainable behaviours amongst its residents. In developing its "Residential Environmental Action Plan"--designed to motivate and bring about real change in resident choices and behaviours--the City sought to…

Collier, Grahame; Smith, Phil

2009-01-01

500

Assessing Preschool Number Sense: Skills Demonstrated by Children Prior to School Entry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Components of early number sense, as identified in two Delphi studies and in the number sense literature related to mathematics difficulties, were assessed for 176 children in preschools and childcare centres across one local government area in Sydney, Australia, using tasks or modifications of tasks reported in the number sense literature. In…

Howell, Sally Clare; Kemp, Coral Rae

2010-01-01