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1

Symptom Resolution After Operative Management of Complications From Transvaginal Mesh  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Complications from transvaginal mesh placed for prolapse often require operative management. The aim of this study is to describe the outcomes of vaginal mesh removal. METHODS A retrospective review of all patients having surgery by the Urogynecology group in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology at our institution for a complication of transvaginal mesh placed for prolapse was performed. Demographics, presenting symptoms, surgical procedures, and postoperative symptoms were abstracted. Comparative statistics were performed using the chi-squared or Fisher’s exact test with significance at p<0.05. RESULTS Between January 2008 and April 2012, 90 patients had surgery for complications related to vaginal mesh and 84 had follow-up data. The most common presenting signs and symptoms were: mesh exposure 62% (n=56), pain 64% (n=58), and dyspareunia 48% (n=43). During operative management, mesh erosion was encountered unexpectedly in a second area of the vagina in 5% (n=4), in the bladder in 1% (n=1), and in the bowel in 2% (n=2). After vaginal mesh removal, 51% (n=43) had resolution of all presenting symptoms. Mesh exposure was treated successfully in 95% of cases, while pain was only successfully treated in 51% of women. CONCLUSION Removal of vaginal mesh is helpful in relieving symptoms of presentation. Patients can be reassured that exposed mesh can almost always be successfully managed surgically, but pain and dyspareunia are only resolved completely in half of cases. PMID:24463673

Crosby, Erin C.; Abernethy, Melinda; Berger, Mitchell B.; DeLancey, John O.; Fenner, Dee E.; Morgan, Daniel M.

2014-01-01

2

Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Wheat Soy Fish Shellfish Other Symptoms Diagnosis & Testing Proven Methods Skin Prick Tests Blood Tests Oral Food ... Wheat Soy Fish Shellfish Other Symptoms Diagnosis & Testing Proven Methods Skin Prick Tests Blood Tests Oral Food ...

3

Ocular Surface Symptoms in Veterans Returning From Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To correlate situational exposures and psychiatric disease with self-reported ocular surface symptoms in a younger veteran population involved in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF). Methods. Cross-sectional study of all veterans evaluated in the OIF/OEF clinic between December 2012 and April 2013 who completed the dry eye questionnaire and screening evaluations for environmental exposures, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression. The main outcome measures were the influence of environmental exposure and psychiatric disease on ocular surface symptoms. Results. Of 115 participants, the average age was 33 years. While overseas, exposure to incinerated waste (odds ratio [OR] 2.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23–5.81, P = 0.02) and PTSD (OR 2.68, 95% CI 1.23–5.85, P = 0.02) were associated with self-reported ocular surface symptoms. On return to the United States, older age (OR per decade 2.66, 95% CI 1.65–4.31, P = 0.04) was associated with persistent symptoms and incinerated waste was associated with resolution of symptoms (OR 0.25, 95% CI 0.07–0.90, P = 0.04). When evaluating symptom severity, 26% of the responders complained of severe ocular surface symptoms, with PTSD (OR 3.10, 95% CI 1.22–7.88, P = 0.02) and depression (OR 4.28, 95% CI 1.71–10.68, P = 0.002) being significant risk factors for their presence. Conclusions. PTSD was significantly associated with ocular surface symptoms both abroad and on return to the United States, whereas air pollution in the form of incinerated waste, was correlated with reversible symptoms. PMID:24408975

Modi, Yasha S.; Qurban, Qirat; Zlotcavitch, Leonid; Echeverri, Roberto J.; Feuer, William; Florez, Hermes; Galor, Anat

2014-01-01

4

A survey of respiratory disease in cotton operatives: Part 1. Symptoms and ventilation test results  

PubMed Central

Fox, A. J., Tombleson, J. B. L., Watt, A., and Wilkie, A. G. (1973).British Journal of Industrial Medicine,30, 42-47. A survey of respiratory disease in cotton operatives. Part I. Symptoms and ventilation test results. Between 1966 and 1968, 2 316 operatives were examined in the blow and card rooms of the south-east Lancashire coarse cotton industry. Between 1968 and 1970, a second survey of 2 556 operatives was carried out including 886 of the previous group and also operatives in fine and coarse cardrooms, in ring and winding rooms, and operatives in other parts of the country who were not examined previously. Symptoms and ventilatory changes of byssinosis were found in operatives in all mills except the two fine cotton mills. Some operatives with less than 10 years' exposure were classified as byssinotic, including 14 in the first survey and 17 in the second who had had less than five years' exposure. These operatives were found in all types of work room. The 886 operatives examined on two occasions showed a greater deterioration in ventilatory function than a local control population. Even symptom-free operatives showed a 10% excess in the rate of deterioration of FEV1·0 with age. But neither the ventilatory tests nor the symptomatic enquiry were of value in predicting the rate of deterioration between the two studies. PMID:4685299

Fox, A. J.; Tombleson, J. B. L.; Watt, A.; Wilkie, A. G.

1973-01-01

5

Symptoms of hand-arm vibration syndrome in gas distribution operatives  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To survey the prevalence and severity of hand-arm vibration syndrome symptoms (HAVS), and to estimate past and current exposure to hand held vibrating tools in a sample of gas distribution operatives breaking and re-instating road surfaces. METHODS: 153 gas distribution operatives (participation rate 81%) from three company districts were assessed by an administered questionnaire, a clinical examination, and a simple cold challenge test to the hands. Exposure histories were taken aided by a picture album of past and current tools. Information was obtained from several sources on the likely vibratory characteristics of those tools. Estimates were thus obtained of the frequency of blanching and neurological complaints in operatives, and of their lifetime hours of exposure and lifetime dose of vibration. RESULTS: On average, the sample had spent 16 years in employment involving use of vibratory tools. 24% had symptoms or signs of blanching after use of tools in the industry; 46% had troublesome persistent complaints of paraesthesiae or numbness, and these symptoms extended into the hands or arms in 18% of workers. In 5.9% the distribution of symptoms was suggestive of carpal tunnel syndrome; and of ulnar nerve entrapment in a further 3.9%. The risks of blanching and neurological complaints rose significantly with lifetime hours of use of vibrating tools and lifetime dose of vibration. Symptoms were generally mild and apparent only after a prolonged interval, but there were exceptions, and cases had occurred after lower recent exposures. CONCLUSIONS: It has been suggested that aspects of the gas distribution operative's work mitigate against the risk normally anticipated from use of pneumatic road breaking tools. By contrast our data suggest that symptoms of HAVS do occur, given sufficient exposure, a finding relevant not only to gas supply workers, but also to workers from other industries who break and repair road surfaces.   PMID:9930095

Palmer, K.; Crane, G.; Inskip, H.

1998-01-01

6

An analysis of post-traumatic stress symptoms in United States Air Force drone operators.  

PubMed

Remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), commonly referred to as "drones," have emerged over the past decade as an innovative warfighting tool. Given there is a paucity of empirical research assessing drone operators, the purpose of this study was to assess for the prevalence of PTSD symptoms among this cohort. Of the 1084 United States Air Force (USAF) drone operators that participated, a total of 4.3% endorsed a pattern of symptoms of moderate to extreme level of severity meeting criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-4th edition. The incidence of PTSD among USAF drone operators in this study was lower than rates of PTSD (10-18%) among military personnel returning from deployment but higher than incidence rates (less than 1%) of USAF drone operators reported in electronic medical records. Although low PTSD rates may be promising, limitations to this study are discussed. PMID:24907535

Chappelle, Wayne; Goodman, Tanya; Reardon, Laura; Thompson, William

2014-06-01

7

Psychological symptoms and psychiatric diagnoses in operation desert storm troops serving graves registration duty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This clinical report describes symptoms of psychological and physical distress and psychiatric disorders in 24 Army Reservists who served war zone graves registration duty in support of Operation Desert Storm. Troops underwent comprehensive assessment for evidence of psychopathology that might be associated with war zone duty as one component of a debriefing protocol scheduled during regular drill exercises eight months

Patricia B. Sutker; Madeline Uddo; Kevin Brailey; Albert N. Allain; Paul Errera

1994-01-01

8

Antenatal Depressive Symptoms and the Risk of Preeclampsia or Operative Deliveries: A Meta-Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between depression and/or depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the risk of an operative delivery or preeclampsia, and to quantify the strength of the association. Methods A search of the PubMed, SCI/SSCI, Proquest PsycARTICLES and CINAHL databases was supplemented by manual searches of bibliographies of key retrieved articles and review articles. We aimed to include case control or cohort studies that reported data on antenatal depression and /or depressive symptoms and the risk of an operative delivery and/or preeclampsia. Results Twelve studies with self-reported screening instruments were eligible for inclusion with a total of 8400 participants. Seven articles that contained 4421 total participants reported the risk for an operative delivery, and five articles that contained 3979 total participants reported the risk for preeclampsia. The pooled analyses showed that both operative delivery and preeclampsia had a statistically significant association with antenatal depressive symptoms (RR = 1.24; 95% CI, 1.14 to 1.35, and OR = 1.63, 95% CI, 1.32 to 2.02, respectively). When the pre-pregnancy body mass indices were controlled in their initial design, the risk for preeclampsia still existed (OR = 1.48, 95% CI, 1.04 to 2.01), while the risk for an operative delivery became uncertain (RR = 1.01, 95% CI, 0.85 to 1.22). Conclusions Antenatal depressive symptoms are associated with a moderately increased risk of an operative delivery and preeclampsia. An abnormal pre-pregnancy body mass index may modify this association. PMID:25789626

Hu, Rong; Li, Yingxue; Zhang, Zhixia; Yan, Weirong

2015-01-01

9

Zenker’s diverticulum: aetiopathogenesis, symptoms and diagnosis. Comparison of operative methods  

PubMed Central

Zenker’s diverticulum is an alimentary tract pouch localized in the area of the upper esophageal sphincter. Treatment procedure complications and coexisting diseases constitute a serious diagnostic and therapeutic problem. Characteristic symptoms and signs facilitate differential diagnosis, simultaneously being real patient maladies. There are many treatment procedures leading to pouch septum reduction and decrease of upper esophageal sphincter pressure. After years of experience in operating and endoscopic treatments we found it necessary to compare these different methods. PMID:24868270

Nehring, Piotr

2013-01-01

10

Cloud Computing og availability  

E-print Network

Cloud Computing og availability Projekt i pålidelighed Henrik Lavdal - 20010210 Søren Bardino Kaa - 20011654 Gruppe 8 19-03-2010 #12;Cloud Computing og availability Side 2 af 28 Indholdsfortegnelse ...........................................................................................5 Cloud computing

Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

11

Pre-operative function, motivation and duration of symptoms predict sporting participation after total hip replacement.  

PubMed

There is little in the literature on the level of participation in sports which patients undertake after total hip replacement (THR). Our aims in this study were to determine first, the level of sporting activity, second, the predictive factors for returning to sporting activity, and third, the correlation between participation in sports and satisfaction after THR. We retrospectively identified 815 patients who had undergone THR between 1995 and 2005. All were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire regarding their sporting activity. A total of 571 patients (71%) met the inclusion criteria and completed the evaluation. At a mean follow-up of 9.8 years (sd 2.9), 366 patients (64%) returned to sporting activity as defined by a University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score of > 5. The main reasons that patients had for refraining from sports were fear of dislocation (65; 31.6%), avoiding wear (52; 25.4%), and the recommendation of the surgeon (34; 16.6%). There was a significant relationship between higher post-operative participation in sport in those patients with a higher pre-operative Harris hip score (HHS) (p = 0.0074), motivation to participate in sporting activities (p = 0.00022) and a shorter duration of symptoms (p = 0.0034). Finally, there was a correlation between age (p = 0.00013), UCLA score (p = 0.012) and pre-operative HHS (p = 0.00091) and satisfaction. In conclusion, we found that most patients participate in sporting activity after THR, regardless of the advice of their surgeon, and that there is a correlation between the level of participation and pre-operative function, motivation, duration of symptoms and post-operative satisfaction. PMID:25086119

Ollivier, M; Frey, S; Parratte, S; Flecher, X; Argenson, J N

2014-08-01

12

Individual and work related factors associated with symptoms of musculoskeletal complaints. II. Different risk factors among sewing machine operators.  

PubMed

Individual and work related risk factors in the development of occupational musculoskeletal complaints were studied in a group of 210 female production workers, mainly sewing machine operators. Another group of 35 female employees performing secretarial or laboratory duties were also included. The production workers had significantly higher symptom scores with respect to self reported musculoskeletal complaints than the group with more varied work tasks for the head, neck, shoulders, and arms, but not for the low back, hips, and the lower extremities. No significant differences were found in symptom level between geographically separate groups of production workers with similar work tasks. The main individual risk factor identified in this study was the experience of previous, similar symptoms in the same body region, but this factor only accounted for 2-3% of total variance in symptom score for the neck and shoulders. Other individual factors of importance for symptoms in the neck and shoulders were "signs of psychological problems" and "tendency of muscle tension," but these only account for about 1% of total variance in symptom score. Symptoms in the head and low back showed complex relations with individual parameters. PMID:1554612

Westgaard, R H; Jansen, T

1992-03-01

13

Screening for Depressive Disorders Using the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire Anhedonic Depression Scale: A Receiver-Operating Characteristic Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the utility of the anhedonic depression scale from the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire (MASQ-AD scale) as a way to screen for depressive disorders. Using receiver-operating characteristic analysis, we examined the sensitivity and specificity of the full 22-item MASQ-AD scale, as well as the 8- and 14-item…

Bredemeier, Keith; Spielberg, Jeffery M.; Silton, Rebecca Levin; Berenbaum, Howard; Heller, Wendy; Miller, Gregory A.

2010-01-01

14

Individual and work related factors associated with symptoms of musculoskeletal complaints. II. Different risk factors among sewing machine operators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individual and work related risk factors in the development of occupational musculoskeletal complaints were studied in a group of 210 female production workers, mainly sewing machine operators. Another group of 35 female employees performing secretarial or laboratory duties were also included. The production workers had significantly higher symptom scores with respect to self reported musculoskeletal complaints than the group with

R H Westgaard; T Jansen

1992-01-01

15

Communication Research in Aviation and Space Operations: Symptoms and Strategies of Crew Coordination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The day-to-day operators of today's aerospace systems work under increasing pressures to accomplish more with less. They work in operational systems which are complex, technology-based, and high-risk; in which incidents and accidents have far-reaching and costly consequences. For these and other reasons, there is concern that the safety net formerly built upon redundant systems and abundant resources may become overburdened. Although we know that human ingenuity can overcome incredible odds, human nature can also fail in unpredictable ways. Over the last 20 years, a large percentage of aviation accidents and incidents have been attributed to human errors rather than hardware or environmental factors alone. A class of errors have been identified which are not due to a lack of individual, technical competencies. Rather, they are due to the failure of teams to utilize readily available resources or information in a timely fashion. These insights began a training revolution in the aviation industry called Cockpit Resource Management, which later became known as Crew Resource Management (CRM) as its concepts and applications extended to teams beyond the flightdeck. Then, as now, communication has been a cornerstone in CRM training since crew coordination and resource management largely resides within information transfer processes--both within flightcrews, and between flightcrews and the ground operations teams that support them. The research I will describe takes its roots in CRM history as we began to study communication processes in order to discover symptoms of crew coordination problems, as well as strategies of effective crew management. On the one hand, communication is often the means or the tool by which team members manage their resources, solve problems, maintain situational awareness and procedural discipline. Conversely, it is the lack of planning and resource management, loss of vigilance and situational awareness, and non-standard communications that are implicated in accidents and incidents. NASA/Ames Crew Factors researchers have been developing a model of effective crew coordination in order to understand the sources of performance breakdowns, and to develop effective solutions and interventions. Because communication is a primary mechanism by which information is received and transmitted, and because it is observable behavior, we focus on these group processes in order to identify patterns of communication that distinguish effective from less effective crew performance. Since a prime objective is to develop training recommendations for enhancing communication skills, we interpret our findings in the context of relevant task and environmental conditions, role and procedural constraints, and the normal real-time parameters of flight operations. Another research objective is to consider how communication and coordination can be enhanced through design. For example, flight deck and hardware design as well as procedural and software design may greatly influence the efficiency with which crews communicate and coordinate their work. In addition, teams and tasks may be designed, organized, and trained so that team interactions with each other are based upon appropriately shared knowledge, procedures and situation awareness. In short, we are interested in enhancing communication practices through (1) the training of specific communication skills, and (2) the design of equipment, tasks, procedures, and teams that optimize smooth, unambiguous communication processes. Two examples of communication research will be described; one in aviation and one in space operations. The first example is a high-fidelity full mission simulation study which investigates the affect of flightdeck automation on crew coordination and communication (contrasting crew performance in the DC-9 vs. MD88). Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Kanki, Barbara G.; Hart, Sandra G. (Technical Monitor)

1994-01-01

16

Combined PTSD and depressive symptoms interact with post-deployment social support to predict suicidal ideation in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans.  

PubMed

Rates of suicide are alarmingly high in military and veteran samples. Suicide rates are particularly elevated among those with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, which share overlapping symptoms and frequently co-occur. Identifying and confirming factors that reduce, suicide risk among veterans with PTSD and depression is imperative. The proposed study evaluated, whether post-deployment social support moderated the influence of PTSD-depression symptoms on, suicidal ideation among Veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan using state of the art clinical, diagnostic interviews and self-report measures. Operations Enduring and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans (n=145) were invited to, participate in a study evaluating returning Veterans? experiences. As predicted, PTSD-depression, symptoms had almost no effect on suicidal ideation (SI) when post-deployment social support was high; however, when, post-deployment social support was low, PTSD-depression symptoms were positively associated with, SI. Thus, social support may be an important factor for clinicians to assess in the context of PTSD and, depressive symptoms. Future research is needed to prospectively examine the inter-relationship, between PTSD/depression and social support on suicidal risk, as well as whether interventions to, improve social support result in decreased suicidality. PMID:24612971

Debeer, Bryann B; Kimbrel, Nathan A; Meyer, Eric C; Gulliver, Suzy B; Morissette, Sandra B

2014-05-30

17

Gastrointestinal symptoms, motility, and transit after the Roux-en-Y operation  

SciTech Connect

Roux-en-Y patients have symptoms that vary from almost none to inability to tolerate oral feedings. This study was designed to determine whether there is a relationship between a patient's symptoms and the function of the gastric remnant or the Roux-limb. Gastric remnant and Roux-limb emptying were studied in eight patients with technetium-99m-labeled oatmeal and Roux-limb motor activity was measured with a water-perfused manometry system. We found that gastric emptying was rarely significantly slowed, but emptying of the Roux-limb was delayed in several patients. We also found that there was a rough correlation between the patient's symptoms and the degree of abnormal motility found in the Roux-limb. There is no known reason for these abnormalities in Roux-limb function in some patients after a Roux-en-Y, but our finding of worse abnormalities in those who had multiple previous gastric surgeries suggests that the symptoms and dysfunction may be related to the number of surgeries, as well as to the type of surgery.

Perino, L.E.; Adcock, K.A.; Goff, J.S.

1988-04-01

18

Prosjektoppgaver om diusjonsprosesser og diusjonstilnrmelse  

E-print Network

prosess kan tilnćrmes med en diusjon med innitesimal forventning og varians som begge er proposjonale med overlever har X f. eks. Poissonfordeling (eller Poissonblanding) med forventning µ og varians 2 . Vi kan da

Tufto, Jarle

19

What Symptom Improvement Can Be Expected After Operation for Primary Hyperparathyroidism?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The only cure for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is operative resection of the parathyroid gland(s) responsible for the\\u000a disease. The 1990 National Institute of Health’s (NIH) consensus development conference on asymptomatic pHPT and its subsequent\\u000a workshop in 2001 established which clinical criteria warranted parathyroidectomy (PTx) versus observation. While there is\\u000a no debate that these NIH criteria capture a group of patients

Nadine R. Caron; Janice L. Pasieka

2009-01-01

20

Association between a quantitative measure of tactile acuity and hand symptoms reported by operators of power tools.  

PubMed

An association between a quantitative measure of tactile acuity at the fingertips and symptoms of reduced manipulative function, as established by responses to a questionnaire, was demonstrated in a population of 81 manual workers from the mining industry (62 power-tool operators and 19 nonusers). Mechanoreceptor-specific vibrotactile thresholds were determined for the slowly adapting type I (SAI) and fast-adapting types I and II (FAI and FAII) receptors at the fingertip of the third digit of each hand. Statistically significant threshold shifts in SAI and/or FAII acuity were found in persons responding affirmatively to questions concerning finger/hand numbness, blanching, and difficulty buttoning clothing. The best predictors of a quantitative change in tactile acuity were questions relating to difficulty manipulating small objects and buttoning clothing, yielding positive predictive values of from 90% to 100% and false positive rates of from 0% to 2.8%. The demonstration of an association between a quantitative measure of tactile acuity at the fingertips and some symptom reports, obtained by means of a questionnaire, provides the basis for the development of a screening procedure for persons at risk of such disturbances in hand function. PMID:9330148

Coutu-Wakulczyk, G; Brammer, A J; Piercy, J E

1997-09-01

21

Symptoms of psychological distress and post-traumatic stress disorder in United States Air Force "drone" operators.  

PubMed

The goal of this study is to repeat a survey administered in 2010 to assess for changes in mental health among United States Air Force aircrew operating Predator/Reaper remotely piloted aircraft, also commonly referred to as "drones." Participants were assessed for self-reported sources of occupational stress, levels of clinical distress using the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using the PTSD Checklist-Military Version. A total of 1,094 aircrew responded to the web-based survey composed of the commercially available standardized instruments mentioned above. The survey also contained nonstandardized items asking participants to report the main sources of their occupational stress, as well as questions addressing demographics and work-related characteristics. The estimated response rate to the survey was 49%. Study results reveal the most problematic self-reported stressors are operational: low manning, extra duties/administrative tasks, rotating shift work, and long hours. The results also reveal 10.72% of operators self-reported experiencing high levels of distress and 1.57% reported high levels of PTSD symptomology. The results are lower than findings from the 2010 survey and from soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Implications of the study and recommendations for United States Air Force line leadership and mental health providers are discussed. PMID:25102551

Chappelle, Wayne L; McDonald, Kent D; Prince, Lillian; Goodman, Tanya; Ray-Sannerud, Bobbie N; Thompson, William

2014-08-01

22

Bilateral chronic subdural hematomas resulting in unilateral oculomotor nerve paresis and brain stem symptoms after operation--case report.  

PubMed

An 85-year-old male presented with bilateral chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs) resulting in unilateral oculomotor nerve paresis and brainstem symptoms immediately after removal of both hematomas in a single operation. Initial computed tomography on admission demonstrated marked thick bilateral hematomas buckling the brain parenchyma with a minimal midline shift. Almost simultaneous removal of the hematomas was performed with the left side was decompressed first with a time difference of at most 2 minutes. However, the patient developed right oculomotor nerve paresis, left hemiparesis, and consciousness disturbance after the operation. The relatively marked increase in pressure on the right side may have caused transient unilateral brain stem compression and herniation of unilateral medial temporal lobe during the short time between the right and left procedures. Another factor was the vulnerability of the oculomotor nerve resulting from posterior replacement of the brain stem and stretching of the oculomotor nerves as seen on sagittal magnetic resonance (MR) images. Axial MR images obtained at the same time demonstrated medial deflection of the distal oculomotor nerve after crossing the posterior cerebral artery, which indicates previous transient compression of the nerve and the brain stem. Gradual and symmetrical decompression without time lag is recommended for the treatment of huge bilateral CSDHs. PMID:10481440

Okuchi, K; Fujioka, M; Maeda, Y; Kagoshima, T; Sakaki, T

1999-05-01

23

Aktivitetsbasert finansiering av pleie- og omsorgstjenestene  

Microsoft Academic Search

En sterk řkning i eldre stiller krav til omfang og kvalitet i pleie- og omsorgstjenestene. I Norge i dag mottar mer enn 200 000 personer pleie- og omsorgstjenester. Kostnaden for dette er rundt 46 mrd kroner. Den tradisjonelle modellen for produksjon av velferdsgoder i Norge og Norden for řvrig, er kjennetegnet ved at staten har delegert ansvar for tjenesteproduksjonen til

Terje P. Hagen

2009-01-01

24

Symptom Management  

Cancer.gov

Symptom Management & Quality of Life Concept Design This video covers a variety of practical considerations for developing a symptom management concept for clinical research.. Co-sponsored by the National Cancer Institute Symptom Management and Health

25

Bioteknologien og Frankenstein Dag O. Hessen  

E-print Network

etterkrigstiden; det var Aldous Huxleys Brave New World fra 1932, og George Orwells 1984 fra 1949. Den fřrste var sannhetsrelativisering og en břlge av "new age"-fenomener, som oftest ikledd naturvitenskapens sprĺkdrakt. Barnet ble

Hessen, Dag Olav

26

Produktion og lagring af brint Produktion og lagring af brint  

E-print Network

electrolysis of steam Solid Oxide Electrolyser Cell Dansk Selskab for Vindenergi, Ebeltoft, okt. 2004 - Allan Schrřder P. #12;Produktion og lagring af brint Thermodynamics of electrolysis of steam Graph taken from E Central Receiver System and High Temperature Electrolysis of Steam", in Proceedings of the Third

27

Syphilis Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... the infection will move to the next stages. Latent syphilis The latent (hidden) stage of syphilis begins when symptoms of secondary syphilis are over. In early latent syphilis, you might notice that signs and symptoms ...

28

Symptom Management  

MedlinePLUS

... TBI Educational Materials Research DVBIC Locations Press Symptom Management A brain injury can affect a person physically ... Diagnosis and Assessment Treatment and Recovery Caregiving Symptom Management Life After TBI Defense and Veterans Brain Injury ...

29

HIV Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Submit Home > HIV/AIDS > What is HIV/AIDS? HIV/AIDS This information in Spanish ( en espańol ) HIV symptoms Photo courtesy of AIDS.gov Facing AIDS ... and brain Return to top More information on HIV symptoms Explore other publications and websites Basic Information ...

30

STL Oxygen Generator System (OGS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Scientist K.R. Sridhar and a twenty-member research team at the University of Arizona Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering (AME) Department are building an Oxygen Generating Subsystem (OGS). This unit is set to be launched into Martian atmosphere in January 2002. When the system is on Mars, it will "suck in Martian atmospheric gases--predominantly carbon dioxide--and process them to produce pure oxygen." The website is of the Oxygen Generator System at the University of Arizona. This site provides more information about the system as well as the team of scientists.

1999-01-01

31

Plague Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... message, please visit this page: About CDC.gov . Plague Plague Ecology & Transmission Symptoms Diagnosis & Treatment Maps & Statistics Info ... Clinicians Public Health Officials Veterinarians Prevention History of Plague Resources FAQ Related Links USGS National Wildlife Health ...

32

Norovirus Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Norovirus Infection, National Institutes of Health NoroCORE Food Virology Symptoms Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Prevent ... Norovirus Infection, National Institutes of Health NoroCORE Food Virology File Formats Help: How do I view different ...

33

Glaucoma Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... angle, there are no discernible symptoms until the optic nerve is damaged and side (peripheral) vision is ... eye builds up gradually. At some point, the optic nerve is damaged and side vision (peripheral vision) ...

34

Klettafjllin og Grand Canyon 1 Klettafjllin, Grand Canyon og Laramide byltingin  

E-print Network

Klettafjöllin og Grand Canyon 1 Klettafjöllin, Grand Canyon og Laramide byltingin Kristbjörg María farið í Colorado, vestan við Klettafjöllin, en þar er að finna hið mikilfenglega Grand Canyon sem sker. Myndun Klettafjallanna og Grand Canyon hefur lengi valdið miklum heilabrotum meðal vísindamanna, enda er

IngĂłlfsson, Ă?lafur

35

Efficacy and Safety of Remifemin on Peri-Menopausal Symptoms Induced by Post-Operative GnRH-a Therapy for Endometriosis: A Randomized Study versus Tibolone  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to investigate clinical efficacy and safety of Remifemin on peri-menopausal symptoms in endometriosis patients with a post-operative GnRH-a therapy. Material/Methods We treated 116 women who had endometriosis with either Remifemin (n=56) 20 mg bid po or Tibolone (n=60) 2.5 mg qd po for 12 weeks after GnRH-a injection. The efficacy was evaluated by Kupperman menopausal index (KMI), and hot flash/sweating scores. The safety parameters such as liver and renal functions, lipid profile, endometrial thickness, and serum sex hormone level, as well as the incidence of adverse events were recorded. Results (1) After GnRH-a therapy, KMI and hot flash/sweating scores in both groups increased significantly (P<0.05) but we found no significant difference for KMI (2.87±1.40 for Remifemin and 2.70±1.26 for Tibolone) and hot flash/sweating scores (0.94±1.72 for Remifemin and 1.06±1.78 for Tibolone) between the 2 groups (P>0.05). (2) No statistical change was observed in liver or renal functions and lipid profile in both groups before and after the treatment (P>0.05). The post-therapeutic serum FSH, LH, and E2 level and endometrial thickness decreased remarkably in both groups (P<0.05). E2 level in the Remifemin group was obviously lower than that in the Tibolone group (P<0.05), and FSH and LH levels were strongly higher (P<0.05). No significant difference in thickness were found in either group (P>0.05). The Remifemin group had far fewer adverse events than the Tibolone group (P<0. 05). Conclusions Compared with Tibolone, Remifemin had a similar clinical efficacy and was safer for the peri-menopausal symptoms induced by GnRH-a in endometriosis patients. PMID:25321621

Chen, Jiming; Gao, Hongyan; Li, Qin; Cong, Jing; Wu, Jie; Pu, Dahua; Jiang, Guohua

2014-01-01

36

Psychosocial buffers of traumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial difficulties in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: The role of resilience, unit support, and postdeployment social support  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundLittle research has examined the role of protective factors such as psychological resilience, unit support, and postdeployment social support in buffering against PTSD and depressive symptoms, and psychosocial difficulties in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Iraqi Freedom (OIF).

Robert H. Pietrzak; Douglas C. Johnson; Marc B. Goldstein; James C. Malley; Alison J. Rivers; Charles A. Morgan; Steven M. Southwick

2010-01-01

37

Symptoms of Aspergillosis  

MedlinePLUS

... Share Compartir Symptoms of Aspergillosis Symptoms of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) are similar to asthma The different ... cause different symptoms. 1 The symptoms of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) are similar to asthma symptoms, including: ...

38

OGS improvements in the year 2011 in running the Northeastern Italy Seismic Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Centro di Ricerche Sismologiche (CRS, Seismological Research Center) of the Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale - OGS (Italian National Institute for Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics) in Udine (Italy) after the strong earthquake of magnitude Mw = 6.4 occurred in 1976 in the Italian Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, started to operate the Northeastern Italy Seismic Network: it currently consists of 12 very sensitive broad band and 21 simpler short period seismic stations, all telemetered to and acquired in real time at the OGS-CRS data centre in Udine. Real time data exchange agreements in place with other Italian, Slovenian, Austrian and Swiss seismological institutes lead to a total number of 93 seismic stations acquired in real time, which makes the OGS the reference institute for seismic monitoring of Northeastern Italy, as shown in Fig. 1 (Bragato et al., 2011; Saraň et al., 2010). Since 2002 OGS-CRS is using the Antelope software suite as the main tool for collecting, analyzing, archiving and exchanging seismic data, initially in the framework of the EU Interreg IIIA project "Trans-national seismological networks in the South-Eastern Alps" (Bragato et al., 2010; Pesaresi et al., 2008). SeisComP is also used as a real time data exchange server tool. In order to improve the seismological monitoring of the Northeastern Italy area, at OGS-CRS we tuned existing programs and created ad hoc ones like: a customized web server named PickServer to manually relocate earthquakes, a script for automatic moment tensor determination, scripts for web publishing of earthquake parametric data, waveforms, state of health parameters and shaking maps, noise characterization by means of automatic spectra analysis, and last but not least scripts for email/SMS/fax alerting. A new OGS-CRS real time seismological website (http://rts.crs.inogs.it/) has also been operative since several years.

Bragato, P. L.; Pesaresi, D.; Saraň, A.; Di Bartolomeo, P.; Durě, G.

2013-04-01

39

Thomas Martini Jrgensen og Christian Linneberg fra Afdelingen.  

E-print Network

Thomas Martini Jřrgensen og Christian Linneberg fra Afdelingen. for Optik og Fluid Dynamik har bindinger Af Marianne Vang Ryde >> E-mail: cli.intellix.com Christian Linneberg forlod forskerstillingen pĺ med EU-projekter" siger Christian Linneberg. RisřNyt 2/02 Fra idé til patenter og licenser #12

40

Af projektleder, lektor, ph.d. Bo Ejstrud, Center for Maritime og Regionale Studier, Institut for Historie, Kultur og Samfundsbe-  

E-print Network

projektet: Maibritt Bager, Bo Ejstrud, Janne J. Li- burd, Niels Christian Nielsen, Morten Karnøe Søndergaard. Bo Ej- strud og Niels Christian Nielsens delprojekt har arbejdet med St. Croix i fortid og nutid øens fortid som slavekoloni. Foto: Niels Chr. Nielsen #12;340 øens landskabsudvikling og kulturmiljø

41

Biologiske udbredelsesmřnstre og historisk geologiske processer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seberg, O.: Biologiske udbredelsesmřnstre og historisk geologiske processer. Dansk geol. Foren., Ĺrs­ skriftfor 1984, side 103-707, Křbenhavn, 28. februar 1985. An analysis of the distribution of Nothofagus (southern Beechs, Notofagaceae) is reviewed to demon­ strate a cladistic approach to vicanance biogeography as opposed to center of origin\\/dispersal explana­ tions. The different roles of historical geology within the two major historical

OLE SEBERG

42

OGS improvements in 2012 in running the Northeastern Italy Seismic Network: the Ferrara VBB borehole seismic station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Centro di Ricerche Sismologiche (CRS, Seismological Research Center) of the Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS, Italian National Institute for Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics) in Udine (Italy) after the strong earthquake of magnitude M=6.4 occurred in 1976 in the Italian Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, started to operate the Northeastern Italy Seismic Network: it currently consists of 17 very sensitive broad band and 18 simpler short period seismic stations, all telemetered to and acquired in real time at the OGS-CRS data center in Udine. Real time data exchange agreements in place with other Italian, Slovenian, Austrian and Swiss seismological institutes lead to a total number of about 100 seismic stations acquired in real time, which makes the OGS the reference institute for seismic monitoring of Northeastern Italy. The southwestern edge of the OGS seismic network stands on the Po alluvial basin: earthquake localization and characterization in this area is affected by the presence of soft alluvial deposits. OGS ha already experience in running a local seismic network in high noise conditions making use of borehole installations in the case of the micro-seismicity monitoring of a local gas storage site for a private company. Following the ML=5.9 earthquake that struck the Emilia region around Ferrara in Northern Italy on May 20, 2012 at 02:03:53 UTC, a cooperation of Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, OGS, the Comune di Ferrara and the University of Ferrara lead to the reinstallation of a previously existing very broad band (VBB) borehole seismic station in Ferrara. The aim of the OGS intervention was on one hand to extend its real time seismic monitoring capabilities toward South-West, including Ferrara and its surroundings, and on the other hand to evaluate the seismic response at the site. We will describe improvements in running the Northeastern Italy Seismic Network, including details of the Ferrara VBB borehole station configuration and installation, with first results.

Pesaresi, Damiano; Romanelli, Marco; Barnaba, Carla; Bragato, Pier Luigi; Durě, Giorgio

2013-04-01

43

Symptoms of Pneumocystis pneumonia  

MedlinePLUS

... gov . Fungal Diseases Share Compartir Symptoms of Pneumocystis pneumonia The symptoms of PCP are fever, dry cough, ... Diagnosis & Testing Treatment & Outcomes Statistics Additional Information Pneumocystis pneumonia Definition Symptoms People at Risk & Prevention Sources Diagnosis & ...

44

NYT INDHOLD OG NYE FREMSTILLINGSFORMER I  

E-print Network

argumentet Hvad der er vigtigst religion eller fysik? Det er selvfølgelig religion. Du møder religion hele tiden, folk der går på gaden har en religion, mens fysik blot er to timer om ugen i skolen. CLAUS-bomben Science without conscience is the ruin of the soul (Rabelais) CLAUS MICHELSEN #12;Fysik, kemi og biologi

Michelsen, Claus

45

Institut for Matematik og Datalogi Syddansk Universitet  

E-print Network

opgaver lader vi mængder være repræsenterede ved sortere- de lister. F.eks. vil mængden {14, 27, 13, 9, 32, 32} = {27, 13, 15} B°ade input A, B og output A B af algoritmen skal være sorterede lister uden til at merge to sor- terede lister til ´en sorteret liste. Pseudokoden skal skrives som gjort til

Boyar, Joan

46

Use of a Handheld, Battery-operated Chemistry Analyzer for Evaluation of Heat-related Symptoms in the Backcountry of Grand Canyon National Park: A Brief Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objectives: To test the feasibility of using handheld, battery-operated chemical analyzers by EMS personnel in a wilderness environment to aid in the diagnosis and management of heat illness. Methods: During the summer of 1996, 3 portable clinical analyzers (i-STAT Corp, Princeton, NJ) were kept at different locations along the main hiking trail into the Grand Canyon. An operational protocol

Howard D Backer; Sherrie Collins

1999-01-01

47

Del 2: Enkel elektrisk transistor modell og introduksjon til CMOS prosess  

E-print Network

Del 2: Enkel elektrisk transistor modell og introduksjon til CMOS prosess YNGVAR BERG I. Innhold GJ ennomgang av CMOS prosess, tverrsnitt av nMOS- og pMOS transistor og tverrsnitt av CMOS inverter. Enkel forklaring p°a begreper som akkumulasjon, deplesjon og inver- sjon. Enkel fysikalsk forklaring p°a transistor

Sahay, Sundeep

48

Operations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has documented schemes and operations that undergird students' understanding of fractions. This prior research was based, in large part, on small-group teaching experiments. However, written assessments are needed in order for teachers and researchers to assess students' ways of operating on a whole-class scale. In this…

Wilkins, Jesse L. M.; Norton, Anderson; Boyce, Steven J.

2013-01-01

49

E. coli Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript on. Read more information on enabling JavaScript. E. coli Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Symptoms Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) can cause the following symptoms: Nausea Severe ...

50

Listeriosis: Definition and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Dairy Products Recall & Advice to Consumers Case Count Maps Epi Curves Signs & Symptoms Key Resources Crave Brothers Farmstead Cheeses Recall & Advice to Consumers Case Count Maps Epi Curves Signs & Symptoms Key Resources Imported Frescolina ...

51

Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Progress Search form Search Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) Signs and Symptoms Partly because there are different types of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) , the exact symptoms vary greatly from person to ...

52

General IC Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

General IC Symptoms Symptoms of interstitial cystitis (IC) differ from person to person and may even vary in the ... with IC pain . Revised January 12, 2010 About IC What is Interstitial Cystitis? 4 to 12 Million ...

53

NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS IN DEPRESSION  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Negative symptoms have been assessed in 34 cases of major depression (ROC) using the scale for assessment of negative symptoms. Negative symptoms were found to be quite frequently observed in these cases; common negative symptoms were inability to enjoy recreational interests and activities (76%), feelings of anhedonia (64.7%) and physical anergia (55.9%). Poverty of speech was found to be more in younger patients (P < .001). Avolition was seen more frequently in unmarried (P < .05) patients. No other signiticant correlation was noticed between demographic variables and negative symptoms. The implications of evaluating negative symptoms systematically in depressives are for future research especially for prognostication, treatment responses and classification of depression based on such symptoms. PMID:21927088

Chaturvedi, Santosh K.; Sarmukaddam, Sanjeev

1985-01-01

54

Skriftlig Eksamen Algoritmer og Datastrukturer (dADS)  

E-print Network

a til at angive en algoritme med worst- case udf#28;relsestid O(n log n), der afg#28;r hvorvidt A er den abstrakte datatype Diagram, s#23;a Diagram f#23;ar udf#28;relsestid O(1), change og height f#23;ar udf#28;relsestid O(log n), og totalSum f#23;ar udf#28;relsestid O(1). Der kr#26;ves ikke egentlig kode

Brodal, Gerth Stølting

55

OGS improvements in 2012 in running the North-eastern Italy Seismic Network: the Ferrara VBB borehole seismic station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Centro di Ricerche Sismologiche (CRS, Seismological Research Centre) of the Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS, Italian National Institute for Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics) in Udine (Italy) after the strong earthquake of magnitude M=6.4 occurred in 1976 in the Italian Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, started to operate the North-eastern Italy Seismic Network: it currently consists of 17 very sensitive broad band and 18 simpler short period seismic stations, all telemetered to and acquired in real time at the OGS-CRS data centre in Udine. Real time data exchange agreements in place with other Italian, Slovenian, Austrian and Swiss seismological institutes lead to a total number of about 100 seismic stations acquired in real time, which makes the OGS the reference institute for seismic monitoring of North-eastern Italy. The south-western edge of the OGS seismic network (Fig. 1) stands on the Po alluvial basin: earthquake localization and characterization in this area is affected by the presence of soft alluvial deposits. OGS ha already experience in running a local seismic network in high noise conditions making use of borehole installations in the case of the micro-seismicity monitoring of a local gas storage site for a private company. Following the ML = 5.9 earthquake that struck the Emilia region around Ferrara in Northern Italy on 20 May 2012 at 02:03:53 UTC, a cooperation of Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, OGS, the Comune di Ferrara and the University of Ferrara lead to the reinstallation of a previously existing very broad band (VBB) borehole seismic station in Ferrara. The aim of the OGS intervention was on one hand to extend its real time seismic monitoring capabilities toward South-West, including Ferrara and its surroundings, and on the other hand to evaluate the seismic response at the site. We will describe improvements in running the North-eastern Italy Seismic Network, including details of the Ferrara VBB borehole station configuration and installation, with first results.

Pesaresi, D.; Romanelli, M.; Barnaba, C.; Bragato, P. L.; Durě, G.

2014-07-01

56

Recovery of Fresh Water Resources from Desalination of Brine Produced During Oil and Gas Production Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management and disposal of produced water is one of the most important problems associated with oil and gas (O&G) production. O&G production operations generate large volumes of brine water along with the petroleum resource. Currently, produced water is treated as a waste and is not available for any beneficial purposes for the communities where oil and gas is produced. Produced

David B. Burnett; Mustafa Siddiqui

2006-01-01

57

Somatization or psychosomatic symptoms?  

PubMed

The author describes some problems emerging from the approach to and comprehension of somatization symptoms, discussing ambiguities regarding somatization seen in the current classification manuals (ICD-10 and DSM-IV). Then the author presents a case report of a man who presented with a bizarre symptom of feminization that was successfully treated with psychotherapy. The author ends with a discussion of the relationship between meaning and symptom. PMID:16508030

Avila, Lazslo Antonio

2006-01-01

58

Kwashiorkor symptoms (image)  

MedlinePLUS

... resulting from inadequate protein intake. Early symptoms include fatigue, irritability, and lethargy. As protein deprivation continues, one sees growth failure, loss of muscle mass, generalized swelling (edema), and ...

59

Symptom clusters: the new frontier in symptom management research.  

PubMed

The majority of clinical studies on pain, fatigue, and depression associated with cancer are focused on one symptom. Although this approach has led to some advances in our understanding of a particular symptom, patients rarely present with a single symptom. Therefore, even though research focused on single symptoms needs to continue, it is imperative that symptom management research begins to focus on evaluating multiple symptoms, using cross-sectional and longitudinal study designs. In addition, research needs to focus on evaluating the relationships among multiple symptoms, specific interventions, and patient outcomes. One of the initial challenges in research regarding multiple symptoms is the terminology that should be used to describe the concept (e.g., symptom cluster, symptom constellation). Another significant area related to this aspect of symptom management research is determining the nature of clinically significant clusters of symptoms and their associated prevalence rates. Equally important is the need to determine what types of tools/instruments will provide the most valid and reliable data for the assessment of symptom clusters. Other areas that need to be considered as related to the assessment of symptom clusters include the establishment of cut points for symptom severity that would qualify a symptom for inclusion in a cluster; the focus of the assessment; and the choice of the outcome measures that will be used to judge the effect of a symptom cluster on the patient. In the area of intervention studies for symptom clusters, research will need to build on the limited number of clinical trials with single symptoms. Additional considerations related to research on symptom clusters include the determination of the mechanisms underlying the development of symptom clusters; the timing of the measurements for symptom clusters; and statistical challenges in the evaluation of symptom clusters. Research on symptom clusters in patients with cancer is cutting-edge science and a new frontier in symptom management research, and it needs to be done in tandem with research on single symptoms. PMID:15263036

Miaskowski, Christine; Dodd, Marylin; Lee, Kathryn

2004-01-01

60

Design og konstruktion af magnetiske gear ELFOR PSO 334-031  

E-print Network

Design og konstruktion af magnetiske gear ELFOR PSO 334-031 1 #12;Design og konstruktion af magnetiske gear ELFOR PSO 334-031 Projektet er udarbejdet af: Peter Omand Rasmussen Aalborg Universitet opnået i forskningsprojektet Design og konstruktion af magnetiske gear. Projektet er gennemført med PSO

61

Albertslund Kommune Marts 2009 Udvikling af milj-og energirigtig LED parklampe  

E-print Network

Albertslund Kommune Marts 2009 Udvikling af miljø- og energirigtig LED parklampe Albertslund nogle år siden blev jeg grebet af visionen om at skabe en LED gade-lampe med det halve strømforbrug og herunder energiforbruget. Projektet PSO 339-52 omfatter udvikling og design af en ny energieffektiv LED

62

Module 3 – Symptoms  

Cancer.gov

Module three of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study Original Version presents approaches to and management of commonly encountered symptoms and syndromes of cancer patients.

63

Frontotemporal Disorders: Common Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... business meeting or laugh at a funeral. Compulsive eating —Gorging on food, especially starchy foods like bread ... a call. Language Symptoms Aphasia —A language disorder in which the ability to use or understand words ...

64

Initial Symptoms of ALS  

MedlinePLUS

Home About ALS About Us Our Research In Your Community Advocate Help fight ALS Donate About ALS What is ALS? Facts You Should Know Who does ALS affect? Diagnosing ALS Symptoms Forms of ALS Genetic ...

65

Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... biotherapy or immunotherapy. Watchful waiting is closely monitoring a patient's condition without giving any treatment until symptoms appear or change. Summer 2008 Issue: Volume 3 Number 3 Page 11

66

Coping with Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Team Finding Resources Parkinson's HelpLine Learn More Educational Materials Do you want to know more about Parkinson's? PDF's materials provide information about symptoms, medications, resources & more. Order ...

67

Mitochondrial Disease: Possible Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Disease Possible Symptoms Getting a Diagnosis Treatments & Therapies Replacement Therapy EPI-743 Other Diseases Linked to Mitochondrial Disease ... Coordinators Ambassador Program NAMDC RDCRN Medical/Scientific Meetings Replacement Therapy EPI-743 Research Grants Grand Rounds National Symposium ...

68

Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... syncope), irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), or sudden cardiac death. Children with cardiomyopathies of a metabolic nature may have additional symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), excessive acidity in the blood (metabolic acidosis) ...

69

Negative symptoms in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Clinical heterogeneity is a confound common to all of schizophrenia research. Deficit schizophrenia has been proposed as a homogeneous disease entity within the schizophrenia syndrome. Utilizing the Schedule for the Deficit Syndrome (SDS) has allowed the definition of a subgroup dominated by persistent clusters of negative symptoms. While a number of studies have appeared over the years examining the electrophysiological correlates of the cluster of negative symptoms in schizophrenia, only a few studies have actually focused on the deficit syndrome (DS). PubMed as well as MEDLINE were searched for all reports indexed for "negative symptoms" or "deficit syndrome" and one of the following electrophysiology assessment tools: electroencephalography (EEG), evoked potentials (EPs), or polysomnography (PSG). While this line of research is evidently in its infancy, two significant trends emerge. First, spectral EEG studies link increased slow wave activity during wakefulness to the prevalence of negative symptoms. Secondly, sleep studies point to an association between decrease in slow wave sleep and prevalence of negative symptoms. Several studies also indicate a relationship of negative symptoms with reduced alpha activity. A host of other abnormalities--including sensory gating and P300 attenuation--are less consistently reported. Two studies specifically addressed electrophysiology of the DS. Both studies provided evidence suggesting that the DS may be a separate disease entity and not simply a severe form of schizophrenia. PMID:23428787

Boutros, Nash N; Mucci, Armida; Diwadkar, Vaibhav; Tandon, Rajiv

2014-04-01

70

Symptom Management Concept Design Webinar  

Cancer.gov

Objectives Describe the review process for a symptom management concept Identify the required elements included in a symptom management concept Identify key statistical considerations for a symptom management concept Describe issues to consider

71

Contact Dermatitis: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... treatments A - D Contact dermatitis Signs and symptoms Contact dermatitis: Signs and symptoms Allergic contact dermatitis : Testing ... these symptoms, you need immediate medical care. Allergic contact dermatitis This skin condition occurs when you have ...

72

Lumbar disk herniation with contralateral symptoms.  

PubMed

The aim of the study is to determine if leg pain can be caused by contralateral lumbar disk herniation and if intervention from only the herniation side would suffice in these patients. Five patients who had lumbar disk herniations with predominantly contralateral symptoms were operated from the side of disk herniation without exploring or decompressing the symptomatic side. Patients were evaluated pre- and postoperatively. To our knowledge, this is the first reported series of such patients who were operated only from the herniation side. The possible mechanisms of how contralateral symptoms predominate in these patients are also discussed. In all patients, the shape of disk herniations on imaging studies were quite similar: a broad-based posterior central-paracentral herniated disk with the apex deviated away from the side of the symptoms. The symptoms and signs resolved in the immediate postoperative period. Our data clears that sciatica can be caused by contralateral lumbar disk herniation. When operation is considered, intervention only from the herniation side is sufficient. It is probable that traction rather than direct compression is responsible from the emergence of contralateral symptoms. PMID:16231173

Sucu, Hasan Kamil; Gelal, Fazil

2006-05-01

73

Ris-R-1367(DA) Sprgeskemaundersgelse af lgers og  

E-print Network

hændelser på sygehuse Marlene Dyrløv Madsen, Henning Boje Andersen, Niels Hermann, Doris �stergaard, Thomas, Niels Hermann, Doris �stergaard, Thomas Schiøler Titel: Spørgeskemaundersøgelse af lægers og

74

Nytt Munchmuseum: et SKRIK etter kombinatorikk og geometri!!  

E-print Network

Nytt Munchmuseum: et SKRIK etter kombinatorikk og geometri!! Geir Dahl Matematisk inst mighty is geometry, joined with art, resistless T. S. Michael Cover Comments First, let me proclaim how. S. Michael 1 Cover Comments First, let me proclaim how much I like the cover design! It's beautiful

Løw, Erik

75

Melanoma: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... from the rest or is changing in size, shape, or color. If you see a mole or new spot ... ugly duckling). Non-uniform mole (has an odd shape, uneven or uncertain border, different colors). Symptoms of melanoma In the early stages, melanoma ...

76

Bullying and PTSD Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PTSD symptoms related to school bullying have rarely been investigated, and never in national samples. We used data from a national survey to investigate this among students from grades 8 and 9 (n = 963). The prevalence estimates of exposure to bullying were within the range of earlier research findings. Multinomial logistic regression showed that…

Idsoe, Thormod; Dyregrov, Atle; Idsoe, Ella Cosmovici

2012-01-01

77

Af projektleder, lektor, ph.d. Kjeld Rasmusen og projektkoordi-nator, lektor, ph.d. Ole Mertz, Institut for Geografi og Geologi,  

E-print Network

321 Af projektleder, lektor, ph.d. Kjeld Rasmusen og projektkoordi- nator, lektor, ph.d. Ole Mertz, Institut for Geografi og Geologi, Københavns Universitet Landbaseret (Salomonøerne) Deltagere Ole Mertz: Ole Mertz #12;323 Formidlingsmæssig status Resultaterne vil blive formidlet på følgende måder: 1. En

78

Changes in lower urinary tract symptoms after prostate brachytherapy  

PubMed Central

Purpose To further define the bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms that occur after prostate brachytherapy (PB) by evaluating patient's responses to the individual questions of the urinary portion of the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) survey and the AUA symptoms score in men undergoing PB. Material and methods A longitudinal, prospective study of 170 patients who have undergone PB at a single institution was performed. All patients were asked to complete the EPIC survey pre-operatively and at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months post-operatively. Starting with the 75th patient in the cohort, patients were also asked to complete the AUA symptom score. Results The pattern of changes for each question is similar for both the EPIC survey and the AUA symptom score, with a marked worsening of symptoms at 2 and 4 weeks and an improvement to baseline by 3 to 6 months. Hematuria questions had the quickest and dysuria questions had the longest return to baseline. The dysuria questions had the greatest change and the incontinence questions had the smallest change in magnitude. Obstructive symptoms had a greater magnitude of change when compared to irritative symptoms, but the irritative symptoms took longer to return to baseline. Conclusions The present study adds to the fund of knowledge regarding the bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms which occur after PB by analyzing the individual questions of both the urinary portion of the EPIC survey and the AUA symptom score. PMID:23346119

Jacobs, Bruce L.; Smith, Ryan P.; Beriwal, Sushil

2011-01-01

79

International Space Station United States Orbital Segment Oxygen Generation System On-Orbit Operational Experience  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space Station (ISS) United States Orbital Segment (USOS) Oxygen Generation System (OGS) was originally intended to be installed in ISS Node 3. The OGS rack delivery was accelerated, and it was launched to ISS in July of 2006 and installed in the US Laboratory Module. Various modification kits were installed to provide its interfaces, and the OGS was first activated in July of 2007 for 15 hours, In October of 2007 it was again activated for 76 hours with varied production rates and day/night cycling. Operational time in each instance was limited by the quantity of feedwater in a Payload Water Reservoir (PWR) bag. Feedwater will be provided by PWR bag until the USOS Water Recovery System (WRS) is delivered to SS in fall of 2008. This paper will discuss operating experience and characteristics of the OGS, as well as operational issues and their resolution.

Erickson, Robert J.; Howe, John, Jr.; Kulp, Galen W.; VanKeuren, Steven P.

2008-01-01

80

Autism and gastrointestinal symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autism is a collection of behavioral symptoms characterized by dysfunction in social interaction and communication in affected\\u000a children. It is typically associated with restrictive, repetitive, and stereotypic behavior and manifests within the first\\u000a 3 years of life. The cause of this disorder is not known. Over the past decade, a significant upswing in research has occurred\\u000a to examine the biologic

Karoly Horvath; Jay A. Perman

2002-01-01

81

Hysterical symptoms in ophthalmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ophthalmologic symptoms are often not sufficiently accounted for by organic pathology. The complaints of these patients have been labeled hysterical, psychogenic, non-organic, or functional. The psychiatric nosology in this area may be the most confusing in the whole field of clinical medicine. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III-R) offers a classification designed to reduce non-empirical concepts and

Michael Weller; Peter Wiedemann

1989-01-01

82

OG&E's Power Quality Program  

E-print Network

Our commitment to reliable electric power does not stop at the meter, but extends all the way to the equipment that it operates. Through the Power Quality Program, we provide professional power consultants to assure that the customer has quality...

Davis, M.

83

Effects of live exposure on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder: the role of reduced behavioral avoidance in improvement.  

PubMed

Although the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is well established, few studies examined its effects on individual PTSD symptoms and possible mechanisms of improvement in symptoms. In a previous randomized controlled study [Ba?og lu, M., Salciog lu, E., Livanou, M., Kalender, D., & Acar, G. (2005). Single-session behavioral treatment of earthquake-related posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized waitlist controlled trial. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18, 1-11] a single session of behavioral treatment involving self-exposure instructions was highly effective in reducing earthquake-related PTSD. In the present study we examined the effects of treatment on each PTSD symptom and which symptoms improved early in treatment. Because the intervention focused solely on behavioral avoidance, we hypothesized that avoidance would be the first symptom to change and that reduction in avoidance would generalize to all other symptoms. The results showed significant between-groups treatment effect on only behavioral avoidance early in treatment (week 6). At 6 months post-treatment recovery rates ranged from 60% to 89% for 15 PTSD symptoms, including the numbing symptoms. Lack of improvement in avoidance was associated with lack of improvement in 12 symptoms. The critical process in recovery thus appeared to be increased sense of control associated with reduction in avoidance. These findings imply that live exposure to fear cues designed to enhance sense of control might be sufficient for recovery from PTSD. PMID:17570342

Salcio?lu, Ebru; Ba?o?lu, Metin; Livanou, Maria

2007-10-01

84

Atopic Dermatitis: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Signs, symptoms Who gets, causes Diagnosis, treatment Tips Bedbugs Signs, symptoms Who gets, causes Diagnosis, treatment Tips ... 2015 American Academy of Dermatology. All rights reserved. Reproduction or republication strictly prohibited without prior written permission.

85

Skin Cancer: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... treatments Q - T Skin cancer Signs, symptoms Skin cancer: Signs and symptoms The most common warning sign ... appears in many ways. Learn more about skin cancer: Skin cancer Skin cancer: Who gets and causes ...

86

Somatic symptoms and depressive symptoms among older adult Korean immigrants.  

PubMed

Given the lack of understanding of how Korean immigrants express depressive symptoms, the purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to describe somatic symptoms and depressive symptoms and examine the relationship between them, as reported by older adult Korean immigrants. Purposive sampling was used in this study of 160 older adult (ages 65 to 91) Korean immigrants. Most of these participants immigrated to the United States at an older age. They reported a high level of depressive symptoms, and these symptoms were closely associated with somatic symptoms, a finding that coincides with previous studies differentiating Korean individuals from individuals of other cultures. The findings from this study highlight the need for health care providers to be aware of and recognize cultural differences in how patients express depressive symptoms somatically when assessing and treating depression within the older adult Korean immigrant population. PMID:24971586

Lee, Young Me

2015-01-01

87

Overflader er ekstremt vigtige i bio-logi og medicin, for det er her, tinge-  

E-print Network

," siger Peter Kingshott og Niels Larsen fra Polymerafdelingen. I øjeblikket arbejder mange firmaer rundt funktioner," siger Niels Larsen. Kopi af naturen Ved vævsdyrkning er det afgørende, at cellerne kan vokse på i industrien," siger Niels Larsen. Udgangspunktet var bindevæv fra køer og svin. Overfladen af

88

CAT er en kompetent og risikovillig med-spiller nr hjteknologisk forskning skal  

E-print Network

CAT er en kompetent og risikovillig med- spiller når højteknologisk forskning skal omsættes til holdbar forretning. CAT er en forskerpark der drives i samarbej- de mellem Danmarks Tekniske Universitet forskning og udvikling i samar- bejde med de tre institutioners forskere. �n af virksomhederne i CAT er

89

Design og konstruktion af magnetiske gear Elforsk -Forskning & Udvikling i effektiv energianvendelse  

E-print Network

PSO 2002 Design og konstruktion af magnetiske gear Elforsk - Forskning & Udvikling i effektiv energianvendelse En målrettet dansk forskning og udvikling i magnetiske gear kan på længere sigt bane vej for dansk energianvendelse #12;Projektet har bragt den danske forskning i højeffektive magnetiske gear i front internationalt

90

Hvad skal vi med teknologisk fremsyn fremover? 7 rs erfaring og perspektiver for fremtiden  

E-print Network

Foresight Forum · Expectations netværk "Støtteforskning" · Fremsyn og science fiction · Scenarier og Internationale netværk · ESTO ­ European Science and Technology Observatory · COST A22 ­ Foresight MethodologiesCorporate strategy Public policy Business managent Rationale Public governance Science sociology Fagkritik #12

91

Slutrapport for PSO 337-068 Udvikling af LED lyskilder og lamper  

E-print Network

Slutrapport for PSO 337-068 Udvikling af LED lyskilder og lamper Carsten Dam-Hansen, Paul Michael-068 Udvikling af LED lyskilder og lamper Risø-R-1606(DA) April 2007 Abstract (in English) (max. 2000 char.): This report is the final and concluding report on the research and development project "Development of LED

92

Slutrapport Fortsat deltagelse i IEA PVPS arbejdet i 2006 og 2007  

E-print Network

Slutrapport Fortsat deltagelse i IEA PVPS arbejdet i 2006 og 2007 ­ fortsćttelse overordnede formĺl med deltagelse i IEA PVPS arbejdet er at fastholde og udbygge den videns indhentning der til Danmark via IEA PVPS deltagelsen. Samtidig skabes der et netvćrk der er til gavn for danske

93

Menopausal symptoms: is spirituality associated with the severity of symptoms?  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to explore whether spirituality was associated with menopausal symptoms. Menopausal symptoms, spirituality, health and menopausal status, and socio-demographic variables were assessed in a community sample of 710 peri- and postmenopausal women. A structural model was explored using structural equation modeling. The results evidence spirituality as a significant contributor regarding the severity of most menopausal symptoms. Among others, spirituality had a significant weight in depressive mood (? = -.414; p < .001), anxiety (? = -.308; p < .001), cognitive impairment (? = -.287; p < .001), aches/pain (? = -.148; p < .001), vasomotor (? = -.125; p = .005) and sexual symptoms (? = -.211; p < .001). Some socio-demographic variables, as well as perceived health, also predicted the menopausal symptoms' severity. Therefore, spirituality can have a positive impact on the menopausal symptoms' reporting. PMID:23471772

Pimenta, Filipa; Maroco, Joăo; Ramos, Catarina; Leal, Isabel

2014-08-01

94

Symptom-Specific or Holistic”: Menopausal Symptom Management  

PubMed Central

Our purpose in this study was to identify differences in menopausal symptom management among four major ethnic groups in the U.S. This was a secondary analysis of the qualitative data from a larger Internet-based study. We analyzed data from 90 middle-aged women in the U.S using thematic analysis. We extracted four themes during the data analysis process: (a) “seeking formal or informal advice,” (b) “medication as the first or final choice,” (c) “symptom-specific or holistic,” and (d) “avoiding or pursuing specific foods.” Health care providers need to develop menopausal symptom management programs while considering ethnic differences in menopausal symptom management. PMID:22577743

Im, Eun-Ok; Ko, Young; Hwang, Hyenam; Chee, Wonshik

2012-01-01

95

Gastrointestinal symptoms in atopic eczema  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMSTo determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in children with eczema and the association of such symptoms with the extent of eczema or skin prick test results.METHODSSixty five children with atopic eczema and a control group matched for age and sex were recruited. Their parents completed a questionnaire about the children’s gastrointestinal symptoms. The children’s skin was examined; their weight,

Carlo Caffarelli; Giovanni Cavagni; Franca M Deriu; Paola Zanotti; David J Atherton

1998-01-01

96

Know the symptoms. Take action.  

E-print Network

heart attack Know the symptoms. Take action. c a l l Important Information Fill out the next two:____________________________ Home phone:_______________________ Work phone: ________________________ December 2011 #12;Heart Attack might be having heart attack symptoms or a heart attack, call 9­1­1 immediately. Don't ignore your pain

Bandettini, Peter A.

97

Evaluation of the Og34C filter paper technique in lymphatic filariasis prevalence studies.  

PubMed

Currently there are several tests which can be used for monitoring and evaluating lymphatic filariasis prevalence in mass drug administration (MDA) programs with the ICT as most commonly accepted field test. However, other techniques to determine circulating antigen are available that also could be suitable in these programs. Our aim was to determine the suitability of the Og4C3 filter paper technique to determine antigen prevalence for lymphatic filariasis. We compared multiple antigen methods during the course of baseline clinical prevalence studies in Papua, New Guinea in over 800 subjects. We found that the ICT and Og4C3 filter paper techniques and using blood from the ICT card in the Og4C3 ELISA were equivalent in performance and that the serum Og4C3 ELISA test detected significantly more antigenic individuals. In addition, we found that modification of the Og4C3 assay by removing the boiling step did not affect its performance. Our results indicate that the Og4C3 filter paper technique is suitable for use in elimination of transmission of lymphatic filariasis monitoring and evaluation programs, quality control of ICT testing could be accomplished by using blood from the ICT test card, and with appropriate logistics in place, venous sampling and testing by the serum Og4C3 ELISA is achievable in monitoring and evaluation and would better identify areas with low level antigenaemia prevalence and possible ongoing transmission. PMID:25282872

Reeve, D; Melrose, W

2014-06-01

98

Dimension-six triple gluon operator in Higgs +jet observables  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently a lot of progress has been made towards a full classification of new physics effects in Higgs observables by means of effective dimension-six operators. Specifically, Higgs production in association with a high transverse momentum jet has been suggested as a way to discriminate between operators that modify the Higgs-top coupling (Ot) and operators that induce an effective Higgs-gluon coupling (Og)—a distinction that is hard to achieve with signal strength measurements alone. With this article we would like to draw attention to another source of new physics in Higgs +jet observables: the triple gluon operator O3 g (consisting of three factors of the gluon field strength tensor). We compute the distortions of kinematic distributions in Higgs +jet production at a 14 TeV LHC due to O3 g and compare them with the distortions due to Ot and Og. We find that the transverse momentum distributions alone cannot discriminate between O3 g and Og if the coefficient of the operator Ot treated as an unknown parameter. We further show that the jet rapidity and the difference between the Higgs and jet rapidity are well suited to remove this new degeneracy. Using rough estimates for the expected bounds we find that allowed distortions in kinematic distributions due to Og are of similar size as those due to O3 g. We conclude that a full analysis of new physics in Higgs +jet observables must take the contributions from O3 g into account.

Ghosh, Diptimoy; Wiebusch, Martin

2015-02-01

99

Overexpression of OgPAE1 from wild rice confers fungal resistance against Botrytis cinerea  

Microsoft Academic Search

A full-length cDNA of the OgPAE1 gene encoding the ?5 subunit of the 20S proteasome was isolated from wild rice (Oryza grandiglumis) treated by wounding or with a fungal elicitor. The deduced amino acid sequence of OgPAE1 comprises 237 amino acids (25.99 kDa), and shows 94.5% homology with Arabidopsis thaliana\\u000a AtPAE1. Expression of OgPAE1 is regulated by defense-related signaling chemicals such

Eun Hee Jeon; Eun Sook Chung; Jung Hun Pak; Jae Sung Nam; Sung Ki Cho; Sang Hyun Shin; Doh Hoon Kim; Gyung Tae Kim; Jai Heon Lee; Kyung Ho Kang; Young Soo Chung

2008-01-01

100

Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Morbid Obesity  

PubMed Central

Background: Several reports have shown an increased prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in obese subjects in community-based studies. To better understand the role of the GI tract in obesity, and because there are limited clinic-based studies, we documented the prevalence of upper and lower GI symptoms in morbidly obese individuals in a clinic setting. Objective: The aim of our study was to compare the prevalence of GI symptoms in morbidly obese individuals in a weight management clinic with non-obese individuals with similar comorbidities as morbidly obese individuals in an Internal Medicine clinic. Methods: Class II and III obese patients BMI >35?kg/m2 (N?=?114) and 182 non-obese patients (BMI <25?kg/m2) completed the GI symptoms survey between August 2011 and April 2012 were included in this study. The survey included 24 items pertaining to upper and lower GI symptoms. The participants rated the frequency of symptoms as absent (never, rarely) or present (occasionally, frequently). The symptoms were clustered into five categories: oral symptoms, dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux, abdominal pain, and bowel habits. Responses to each symptom cluster were compared between obese group and normal weight groups using logistic regression. Results: Of the 24 items, 18 had a higher frequency in the obese group (p?symptoms: any oral symptom (OR?=?2.3, p?=?0.0013), dysphagia (OR 2.9, p?=?0.0006), and any gastroesophageal reflux (OR 3.8, p?symptoms: any abdominal pain (OR?=?1.7, p?=?0.042) and altered bowel habits (OR?=?2.8, p?symptoms in morbidly obese patients when compared to non-obese subjects. PMID:25593922

Huseini, Mustafa; Wood, G. Craig; Seiler, Jamie; Argyropoulos, George; Irving, Brian A.; Gerhard, Glenn S.; Benotti, Peter; Still, Christopher; Rolston, David D. K.

2014-01-01

101

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... for you How to prepare for your appointment Genital warts Signs, symptoms Who gets, causes Diagnosis, treatment ... in these areas: Underarms (one or both) Groin (genitals, around the anus, and surrounding area) Buttocks Upper ...

102

Herpes Simplex: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... for you How to prepare for your appointment Genital warts Signs, symptoms Who gets, causes Diagnosis, treatment ... usually develop around the mouth or on the genitals, but the sores can appear almost anywhere on ...

103

Neuropsychiatric symptoms and celiac disease  

PubMed Central

Background Neuropsychiatric symptoms may represent an atypical manifestation of celiac disease that occur before a gastroenterological diagnosis is made. Some studies suggest that a gluten-free diet is effective in treating the depression, anxiety, and neurological complications associated with celiac disease. Method The article describes the case of a patient suffering from chronic, treatment-resistant symptoms of depression and anxiety. The diagnosis of celiac disease and introduction of an elimination diet caused a significant improvement in mental state and everyday functioning in the presenting patient. Conclusion The presence of persistent anxiety and depressive symptoms, with a poor reaction to pharmacological treatment, indicates a need to identify somatic reasons for the underlying condition. It is important to remember that celiac disease can occur at any age, not only in childhood. The presence of this somatic cause of persistent depressive and anxiety symptoms should be considered in the diagnostic process in adults. PMID:25342904

Urban-Kowalczyk, Ma?gorzata; Śmigielski, Janusz; Gmitrowicz, Agnieszka

2014-01-01

104

Symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia  

MedlinePLUS

Lewy body dementia symptoms and diagnostic criteria Every person with LBD is different and will manifest different degrees of the following ... an umbrella term for two related clinical diagnoses, dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease dementia. The ...

105

Poison Ivy: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... causes Diagnosis, treatment, and outcome Tips for managing Hives Signs, symptoms Who gets, causes Diagnosis, treatment Tips ... Rash from poison ivy: Redness, small, itchy bumps (hives), and itchy skin are common. If this is ...

106

TBI Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Cover Story: Traumatic Brain Injury TBI Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention Past Issues / Fall ... lucky in my ongoing recovery from the traumatic brain injury I suffered in Iraq." —Bob Woodruff Treatment Immediate ...

107

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS): Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... lasting at least 6 months. These symptoms include: increased malaise (extreme exhaustion and sickness) following physical activity or mental exertion problems with sleep difficulties with memory and concentration persistent muscle pain joint pain (without redness or ...

108

Projektansvarlig: Lektor Peter B. Andersen, Institut for Tvr-kulturelle og Regionale Studier, Afdeling for Religionshistorie,  

E-print Network

lutheranske kirke TELC's (Tamil Evangelican Lutheran Church) udvikling fra Indiens selvstćndighed i 1947 til i- nogram. Kirken blev bygget af mis- sionen og tilhřrer i dag Tamilnadu Evangelical Lutheran Church (TELC

109

Gamma-Ray, Neutrino & Gravitational Wave Detection: OG 2.5,2.6,2.7 Rapporteur  

E-print Network

This report is based on a rapporteur talk presented at the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference held in Merida, Mexico (July 2007), and covers three of the OG sessions devoted to neutrino, gravitational wave, and gamma-ray detection.

G. Rowell

2008-01-25

110

Fri prosjektsttte: Nye prosjekter innenfor matematikk, naturvitenskap og teknologi (FRINATEK) fra 2014 Prosjekt Tittel Prosjektansvarlig  

E-print Network

-structure interaction in the upper airways Institutt for energi- og prosessteknikk, Norges Teknisk- Naturvitenskapelige (EME) Farmasøytisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo 231741 Modeling of obstructive sleep apnea by fluid

Brandenburg, Axel

111

Massage therapy for fibromyalgia symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Massage therapy is widely used by patients with fibromyalgia seeking symptom relief. We performed a review of all available\\u000a studies with an emphasis on randomized controlled trials to determine whether massage therapy can be a viable treatment of\\u000a fibromyalgia symptoms. Extensive narrative review. PubMed, PsychInfo, CINAHL, PEDro, ISI Web of Science, and Google Scholar\\u000a databases (inception-December 2009) were searched for

Leonid Kalichman

2010-01-01

112

Gastrointestinal symptoms in atopic eczema  

PubMed Central

AIMS—To determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in children with eczema and the association of such symptoms with the extent of eczema or skin prick test results.?METHODS—Sixty five children with atopic eczema and a control group matched for age and sex were recruited. Their parents completed a questionnaire about the children's gastrointestinal symptoms. The children's skin was examined; their weight, height, and abdominal circumference were measured; and skin prick tests were carried out.?RESULTS—Gastrointestinal symptoms, especially diarrhoea, vomiting, and regurgitation, were more common in the children with eczema. Diarrhoea appeared to be associated with the ingestion of specific foods. Gastrointestinal symptoms were related to diffuse eczema and positive skin prick tests to foods. There was no anthropometric differences between the patient and control groups.?CONCLUSIONS—A gastrointestinal disorder is common in children with eczema, especially with diffuse distribution. This may be responsible for substantial symptoms and may play a part in the pathogenesis of the disease and in the failure to thrive with which it is sometimes associated.?? PMID:9613352

Caffarelli, C.; Cavagni, G.; Deriu, F.; Zanotti, P.; Atherton, D.

1998-01-01

113

Symptom Identification in the Chronically Critically Ill  

PubMed Central

Ascertaining the symptom experience of chronically critically ill (CCI) patients is difficult due to communication impairment and fluctuations in patient cognition and physiological conditions. The use of checklist self report ratings is hampered by the inability of most CCI patients to respond verbally to symptom queries. In addition to the communication problems caused by mechanical ventilation, the apparently diverse idioms of symptom expression add to the potential for miscommunication regarding symptom experience. Although patient communication impairment is a major barrier to symptom identification, symptom assessment and treatment are fundamental components of nursing care for CCI. This paper reviews and describes the unique constellation of symptoms experienced by many critically ill patients. We report our observations of symptom communication among CCI patients and nurses and discuss inconsistency in the language of symptom expression among nurses and patients. Clinically applicable strategies to improve nurse-patient symptom communication and suggestions for refinement of symptom assessment in chronic critical illness are provided. PMID:20118706

Campbell, Grace B.; Happ, Mary Beth

2010-01-01

114

The measurement of menstrual symptoms  

PubMed Central

This study examined the factor structure of the Menstrual Symptom Questionnaire (MSQ) in a sample of 210 adolescent girls (11–17 years). Such an examination has not been carried out with an adolescent sample. In addition, the definitions of menstrual disorders have evolved since the creation of the MSQ. Exploratory factor analysis supported a three factor structure indicating abdominal pain, negative affect/somatic complaints, and back pain. Partial correlations indicated all three MSQ factors were correlated with depressive symptoms, but only the negative affect factor was correlated with trait anxiety. Future research should explore potential associations in multiple areas of functioning as menstrual symptoms may alter healthy developmental processes during adolescence. PMID:19786516

NEGRIFF, SONYA; DORN, LORAH D.; HILLMAN, JENNIFER B.; HUANG, BIN

2015-01-01

115

RESPONDING TO FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS  

E-print Network

RESPONDING TO FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS If you start exhibiting flu-like symptoms, call SU Health Services because of flu-like symptoms: Tell your RA. Tell your roommate (if you have one). Socially distance in their rooms or apartments because of flu-like symptoms, the sick meal policy is being expanded. When students

McConnell, Terry

116

PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY PLEASE SUBMIT A SINGLE COPY 1/11 OGS This form is available on our website: www.gsr.pdx.edu/ogs.php Overload Approval  

E-print Network

includes limiting overloads that may negatively impact academic achievement. A student must obtain website: www.gsr.pdx.edu/ogs.php Overload Approval OVERLOAD APPROVAL The Office of Graduate Studies monitors the academic achievements of each matriculated graduate student. Part of this responsibility

117

PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY PLEASE SUBMIT A SINGLE COPY 1/08 OGS This form is available on our website: www.gsr.pdx.edu/ogs.php Overload Approval  

E-print Network

includes limiting overloads that may negatively impact academic achievement. A student must obtain website: www.gsr.pdx.edu/ogs.php Overload Approval OVERLOAD APPROVAL The Office of Graduate Studies monitors the academic achievements of each matriculated graduate student. Part of this responsibility

118

Late symptoms in infantile cystinosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Late symptoms of infantile cystinosis were evaluated in 19 patients aged 15–26 years who had a high graft survival following kidney transplantation. The end-stage cystinotic kidney was responsible for renal hypertension in 5 patients following grafts. Photophobia did not increase in relation to age, but 3 patients became blind and 1 lost the sight in one eye at 25 years

Michel Broyer; Marie-Joseph Tete; Marie Claire Gubler

1987-01-01

119

The Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms  

E-print Network

The Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Huntington's Disease - A practical guide to assist Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the participation of the Australian Huntington's Disease community and international research studies. http://www.aupoa.unimelb.edu.au/ #12;3 Foreword Huntington's disease (HD

Oliver, Douglas L.

120

Chickenpox (Varicella) Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Multimedia Related Links Medline Plus Healthfinder.gov Shingles Signs & Symptoms Language: English Espańol (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... Complications Related Links Medline Plus Healthfinder.gov Shingles ... file Text file Zip Archive file SAS file ePub file ...

121

Schizophrenia and gastroesophageal reflux symptoms  

PubMed Central

Background: Psychological factors and psychiatric disorders play a role in a variety of gastrointestinal illnesses, including esophageal diseases. Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in patients with schizophrenia in Turkey. Patients and Methods: Ninety-eight patients with schizophrenia and one hundred control individuals were enrolled in the study, which was undertaken at the Manisa State Hospital for Mental Health and Neurological Disorders and Celal Bayar University Gastroenterology Department. Case and control subjects alike underwent 30–45 min oral interviews conducted by a designated study coordinator (E.K.). The coordinator gathered information about demographic characteristics, social habits, and a large variety of symptoms suggestive of reflux disease or other gastrointestinal conditions. Results: In terms of reflux symptoms, cough was the only significant association in schizophrenic patients than controls. Heartburn and regurgitation were more frequent in schizophrenic patients who smoked than in controls who were smokers. However, the prevalence of reflux symptoms in cigarette smokers versus nonsmoker patients with schizophrenia was similar. Heartburn and/or regurgitation occurred more frequently in patients with schizophrenic than controls with alcohol use. Conclusions: Psychiatric disorders might indirectly affect esophageal physiology through increased consumption of alcohol and nicotine. PMID:25657460

Kasap, Elmas; Ayer, Ahmet; Bozo?lan, Hümeyra; Ozen, Cigdem; Eslek, Ilhan; Yüceyar, Hakan

2015-01-01

122

Know the symptoms. Take action.  

E-print Network

. The next morning, I still had a strange sensation in my chest. I called the doctor and was sent morning to seek medical help. #12;2 Know the Symptoms of a Heart Attack Many people aren't sure what unusually tired for no reason, some- times for days (especially if you are a woman) Nausea (feeling sick

Bandettini, Peter A.

123

10 Symptoms of Kidney Disease  

MedlinePLUS

10 Symptoms of Kidney Disease Many people who have chronic kidney disease don't know it because the early signs can be very subtle. ... the same side as the affected kidney. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) , which causes large, fluid-filled cysts on ...

124

Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... 2383) Other Ways to Give Become a Member Vehicle Donation Planned Giving Options Do-It-Yourself Fundraising & ... numbness in the hands/feet (type 2) Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk ...

125

Clinical symptoms and symptom signatures of Alzheimer's disease subgroups.  

PubMed

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial disorder that involves several different mechanisms. Over 99% of AD patients suffer from the sporadic form of the disease. Based on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of amyloid-? (A?)(1-42), total tau, and ubiquitin--the markers associated with the histopathological hallmarks of the disease (A? plaques and abnormally hyperphosphorylated neurofibrillary tangles)--previous studies identified five subgroups of AD. Here we report the potential diagnostic predictive value of hallucination, hypokinesia, paranoia, rigidity, and tremors in aged individuals for AD and differences in the prevalence of these symptoms in the CSF marker-based subgroups of the disease. Analysis of 196 clinically diagnosed AD or Alzheimer with Lewy body, and 75 non-AD neurological and non-neurological control cases, all from a single center, showed that the presence of hallucination, hypokinesia, paranoia, rigidity, or tremors individually, or the presence of any of these, could diagnose AD with sensitivities and specificities of 14% and 99%; 30% and 99%; 15% and 99%; 16% and 100%; 16% and 96%; and 47% and 92%, respectively. The pattern of the prevalence of the above symptoms varied from AD subgroup to subgroup. Presence of any of these symptoms, as well as presence of each individual symptom except tremors, significantly differentiated AD subgroups from the predominantly control cluster. These findings encourage the exploration of hallucination, hypokinesia, paranoia, rigidity, and tremors in identifying various subgroups of AD for stratification of patients for clinical trials to develop therapeutic drugs. This study is for the special issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease honoring Inge Grundke-Iqbal who made several seminal contributions in AD research. PMID:24002184

Iqbal, Khalid; Flory, Michael; Soininen, Hilkka

2013-01-01

126

RisNyt NO4 2004 SUNDHEDSPERSONALE ER MENNESKER OG MENNESKER FEJLER Under overskriften "Brint -nye mulig-  

E-print Network

allerede er fuld fart på brintsamfundet både i EU, USA og Japan. Derfor bør Danmark komme i gang og få over brint i transport- sektoren. Der vil efter hans mening gå en rum tid før vi ser et gennembrud

127

Rungende malm og rbende roser.* En anmeldelse af Jakob Wolf (2004): Rosens Rb. Intelligent design i naturen.  

E-print Network

1 Rungende malm og rĺbende roser.* En anmeldelse af Jakob Wolf (2004): Rosens Rĺb. Intelligent: Claus Emmeche (2004): "Rungende malm og rĺbende roser", i: Nyhedsbrev - Religion i det 21. ĺrhundrede/indhold/publikationer/anden_litteratur/anmeldelse_rosens_raab.htm Nuvćrende URL: http://www.nbi.dk/~emmeche/cePubl/2004c.rungende_malm.PDF #12;2 de naturvidenskabsfolk

Emmeche, Claus

2004-01-01

128

Fermion BMN operators, the dilatation operator of Script N = 4 SYM, and pp-wave string interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this paper is to study the BMN correspondence in the fermionic sector. On the field theory side, we compute matrix elements of the dilatation operator in Script N = 4 Super Yang-Mills for BMN operators containing two fermion impurities. Our calculations are performed up to and including Script O(lambda') in the 't Hooft coupling and Script O(g2)

George Georgiou; Gabriele Travaglini

2004-01-01

129

[Post-operative sclerosing mesenteritis].  

PubMed

For the first time we describe a sclerosing mesenteritis that appeared acutely after abdominal operations. The patient suffered from diffuse abdominal symptoms. There was a hard tumour in the left middle and lower abdomen. Histological analysis revealed fibrosis and bone tissue. Symptoms improved after application of prednisone and high-calorie infusions. PMID:17024501

Frickmann, H; Jungblut, S; Holzknecht, N; Hansmann, M-L; Hanke, P

2007-01-01

130

The Impact of Depressive Symptoms in Adults with ADHD Symptoms on Family Function and ADHD Symptoms of Their Children  

PubMed Central

Objective People with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) exhibit considerable impairment in social, academic, or occupational functioning. The present study aimed to examine the patterns of associations between ADHD symptoms, depression, and family functioning. Methods The sample consisted of 1,022 adults randomly selected from a district in Seoul, South Korea. Several self-assessment scales were utilized to rate ADHD symptoms (both past and current), current symptoms of depression, and level of family functioning. ADHD symptoms in the children of these participants were also assessed. Pearson's correlation and multiple linear regression analyses were performed; structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to determine the best fitting model. Results Adult ADHD symptoms were positively associated with depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms, in turn, mediated the relationship between adult ADHD symptoms and cohesion among family members. In addition, depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between adult ADHD symptoms and their children's ADHD symptoms. Conclusion The relationship between adult ADHD symptoms and family dysfunction may be influenced by depressive symptoms. When treating ADHD in adults, clinicians should pay attention to the presence or absence of depression. PMID:24843366

Hong, Soon-Beom; Lee, Jong-Ha; Chun, Duk Hee; Shin, Min-Sup; Yoo, Hee-Jeong; Kim, Boong-Nyun; Cho, Soo-Churl

2014-01-01

131

The course of PTSD symptoms following military training accidents and brief psychosocial interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined individual and contextual factors associated with posttraumatic stress symptoms in military personnel (N=122) at 2–3 weeks, 4 and 12 months following two fatal training accidents. PTSD symptoms were reduced after both units had received early psychosocial intervention and continued to perform their operational duties. Examination of individual cases showed a stable low or declining trend in

Jarle Eid

2003-01-01

132

Bone Regrowth and Recurrence of Symptoms following Decompression in the Infant with Chiari II Malformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chiari malformation is the leading cause of death in infants with myelodysplasia. While controversial, early operative decompression may halt or reverse the progression of symptoms. If symptoms recur after initial improvement, attention is directed to assuring shunt patency and the absence of hydromyelia and not to reassessment of the area of bone decompression. Three infants are presented who initially

Roger J. Hudgins; William R. Boydston

1995-01-01

133

Mild trigonocephaly with clinical symptoms: analysis of surgical results in 65 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: It has been believed that isolated, mild trigonocephaly rarely presents with clinical symptoms. Patients and methods: We diagnosed and operated on 65 patients with mild trigonocephaly and developmental delay up to July 2000. There were 47 boys and 18 girls in our series. All patients had symptoms such as delay in language development, hyperactivity, autistic tendencies, and motor dysfunctions.

Takeyoshi Shimoji; Satoshi Shimabukuro; Seiichi Sugama; Yasuo Ochiai

2002-01-01

134

NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS IN SCHIZOPHRENIA AND DEPRESSION  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY This study examines the differences between the prevalence of negative symptoms in schizophrenia and Major depression, diagnosed according to RDC, using Andreasen's Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms, SANS. Global ratings of affective flattening, alogia, avolition and inattention were significantly higher in schizophrenics whereas anhedonia - asociality were seen as commonly in depressives also. Most negative symptoms were more common in schizophrenics. Awareness of these symptoms and reduced sexual interests were significantly more in depression. Some symptoms were common in both groups. The results indicate that negative symptoms though commonly seen in depressives also, are more frequent in schizophrenic patients. PMID:21927110

Chaturvedi, S.K.; Rao, G. Prasad; Mathai, P. John; Sarmukaddam, S.; Gopinath, P.S.

1985-01-01

135

Mindfulness Is Associated with Fewer PTSD Symptoms, Depressive Symptoms, Physical Symptoms, and Alcohol Problems in Urban Firefighters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study investigated the association between mindfulness, other resilience resources, and several measures of health in 124 urban firefighters. Method: Participants completed health measures of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depressive symptoms, physical symptoms, and alcohol problems and measures of resilience…

Smith, Bruce W.; Ortiz, J. Alexis; Steffen, Laurie E.; Tooley, Erin M.; Wiggins, Kathryn T.; Yeater, Elizabeth A.; Montoya, John D.; Bernard, Michael L.

2011-01-01

136

What Are the Symptoms of the Flu?  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... A A What are the symptoms of the flu? YouTube embedded video: http://www.youtube-nocookie.com/ ... modestbranding=1 What are the symptoms of the flu? Dr. Bruce Gellin, Director of the National Vaccine ...

137

Signs and Symptoms of Mood Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... of your family's history. Signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder Bipolar disorder differs significantly from clinical depression, ... or restlessness. Symptoms of mania - the "highs" of bipolar disorder Increased physical and mental activity and energy ...

138

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... Tools & Resources Stroke More Symptoms and Diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome Updated:Nov 20,2014 What are the symptoms ... content was last reviewed on 05/14/2014. Metabolic Syndrome • Home • About Metabolic Syndrome • Why Metabolic Syndrome Matters • ...

139

Glaucoma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Latest Research  

MedlinePLUS

... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Glaucoma Glaucoma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Latest Research Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table of Contents Symptoms and Diagnosis Glaucoma can develop in one or both eyes. Often ...

140

Head and Neck Cancer: Symptoms and Signs  

MedlinePLUS

... Symptoms and Signs Request Permissions Print to PDF Head and Neck Cancer: Symptoms and Signs Approved by ... Emotions Research and Advocacy Survivorship Blog About Us Head and Neck Cancer Guide Cancer.Net Guide Head ...

141

PTSD Symptoms in Abused Latino Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study looks at a sample of abused Latino children and evaluates the relationship of PTSD symptoms to other symptoms, characteristics of the abuse, and demographics. The results indicate that Latino children have a wide range of distress, with some children being highly symptomatic and others with few symptoms. The scores on the PTSD Inventory were related to scores

Ferol E. Mennen

2004-01-01

142

Dysarthria as the leading symptom of hypothyroidism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Typical symptoms of hypothyroidism are lethargy, cold intolerance, slowing of intellectual and motor activity, declining appetite, increasing weight, and dry skin. A 43-year-old man with hypothyroidism presented with dysarthria as the leading symptom. Further symptoms were cramps in the legs after exercise, dizziness, and stunned feeling. He suffered from severe snoring for 4 years, and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome was

Claudia Stöllberger; Josef Finsterer; Elisabeth Brand; Doris Tschabitscher

2001-01-01

143

Symptom Structure of PTSD Following Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and diagnoses in survivors of cancer is a growing area of research, but no published data exist regarding the symptom structure of PTSD in survivors of malignant disease. Findings from investigations of the PTSD symptom structure in other trauma populations have been inconsistent and have not been concordant with the reexperiencing, avoidance\\/numbing, and

Matthew J. Cordova; Jamie L. Studts; Danette M. Hann; Paul B. Jacobsen; Michael A. Andrykowski

2000-01-01

144

Simulation of traumatic brain injury symptoms on the personality assessment inventory: an analogue study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to characterize the operating characteristics of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) validity scales in distinguishing simulators feigning symptoms of traumatic brain injury (TBI) while completing the PAI (n = 84) from a clinical sample of patients with TBI who achieved adequate scores on performance validity tests (n = 112). The simulators were divided into two groups: (a) Specific Simulators feigning cognitive and somatic symptoms only or (b) Global Simulators feigning cognitive, somatic, and psychiatric symptoms. The PAI overreporting scales were indeed sensitive to the simulation of TBI symptoms in this analogue design. However, these scales were less sensitive to the feigning of somatic and cognitive TBI symptoms than the feigning of a broad range of cognitive, somatic, and emotional symptoms often associated with TBI. The relationships of TBI simulation to consistency and underreporting scales are also explored. PMID:24965838

Keiski, Michelle A; Shore, Douglas L; Hamilton, Joanna M; Malec, James F

2015-04-01

145

Postural tachycardia syndrome is associated with significant symptoms and functional impairment predominantly affecting young women: a UK perspective  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine a large UK cohort of patients with postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS), to compare demographic characteristics, symptoms and treatment of PoTS at one centre compared to the largest patient group PoTS UK and to verify if their functional limitation is similar to patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Design A cross-sectional study assessed the frequency of symptoms and their associated variables. Patients and setting Two PoTS cohorts were: (1) recruited via PoTS UK, (2) diagnosed at Newcastle Hospitals National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust 2009–2012. Patients with PoTS were then compared to a matched cohort with CFS. Main outcome measures Patients’ detailed demographics, time to diagnosis, education, disability, medications, comorbidity and precipitants. Symptom assessment tools captured, Fatigue Impact Scale, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Orthostatic Grading Scale (OGS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Health Assessment Questionnaire, Cognitive Failures Questionnaire. Results 136 patients with PoTS participated (84 members of PoTS UK (170 cohort; 50% return) and 52 (87 cohort; 60%) from Newcastle Clinics). The PoTS UK population was significantly younger than the clinic patients, with significantly fewer men (p=0.005). Over 60% had a university or postgraduate degree. Significantly more of the PoTS UK cohort were working, with hours worked being significantly higher (p=0.001). Time to diagnosis was significantly longer in the PoTS UK cohort (p=0.04). Symptom severity was comparable between cohorts. The PoTS total group was compared with a matched CFS cohort; despite comparable levels of fatigue and sleepiness, autonomic symptom burden (OGS) was statistically significantly higher. The most common treatment regime included ?-blockers. Overall, 21 treatment combinations were described. Up to 1/3 were taking no treatment. Conclusions Patients with PoTS are predominantly women, young, well educated and have significant and debilitating symptoms that impact significantly on quality of life. Despite this, there is no consistent treatment. PMID:24934205

McDonald, Claire; Koshi, Sharon; Busner, Lorna; Kavi, Lesley; Newton, Julia L

2014-01-01

146

Rheumatic symptoms in autoimmune thyroiditis.  

PubMed

Autoimmune thyroiditis (ATD) is generally regarded as a classic example of single organ autoimmunity with a high association with endocrine thyroid disorders. However, it is closely associated with several autoimmune diseases including rheumatologic syndromes and has long been known to have several rheumatic manifestations particularly in association with hypothyroidism. More recently, it has also been implicated in rheumatologic syndromes in the absence of hypothyroidism or subclinical hypothyroidism. There is also an emerging body of evidence that ATD is highly linked to chronic generalized pain syndromes including fibromyalgia. This review examines the rheumatic symptoms of ATD described in the current literature and discusses the clinical relevance of ATD in general rheumatology. PMID:25618571

Tagoe, Clement E

2015-02-01

147

Concussion symptom inventory: an empirically derived scale for monitoring resolution of symptoms following sport-related concussion.  

PubMed

Self-report post-concussion symptom scales have been a key method for monitoring recovery from sport-related concussion, to assist in medical management, and return-to-play decision-making. To date, however, item selection and scaling metrics for these instruments have been based solely upon clinical judgment, and no one scale has been identified as the "gold standard". We analyzed a large set of data from existing scales obtained from three separate case-control studies in order to derive a sensitive and efficient scale for this application by eliminating items that were found to be insensitive to concussion. Baseline data from symptom checklists including a total of 27 symptom variables were collected from a total of 16,350 high school and college athletes. Follow-up data were obtained from 641 athletes who subsequently incurred a concussion. Symptom checklists were administered at baseline (preseason), immediately post-concussion, post-game, and at 1, 3, and 5 days post-injury. Effect-size analyses resulted in the retention of only 12 of the 27 variables. Receiver-operating characteristic analyses were used to confirm that the reduction in items did not reduce sensitivity or specificity. The newly derived Concussion Symptom Inventory is presented and recommended as a research and clinical tool for monitoring recovery from sport-related concussion. PMID:19549721

Randolph, Christopher; Millis, Scott; Barr, William B; McCrea, Michael; Guskiewicz, Kevin M; Hammeke, Thomas A; Kelly, James P

2009-05-01

148

Eating disorder symptoms and parenting styles.  

PubMed

This study aimed to examine associations between symptoms of eating disorders and parenting style, in a non-clinical sample. One hundred and five mothers completed self-report measures of eating disorder symptoms and parenting style. Higher levels of eating disorder symptoms were associated with more authoritarian and permissive parenting styles. Authoritative parenting was not significantly related to eating disorder symptoms. The findings demonstrate that eating disorder symptoms in non-clinical individuals are related to less adaptive parenting styles. These findings have potential implications for clinicians working with mothers with eating disorders. PMID:19932143

Haycraft, Emma; Blissett, Jackie

2010-02-01

149

Depressive Symptoms Among Immigrant Latino Sexual Minorities  

PubMed Central

Objective To estimate the prevalence and identify correlates of depressive symptoms among immigrant Latino sexual minorities. Methods Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) was used to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms, and univariate and multivariable analyses were conducted to identify correlates of depressive symptoms. Results Unweighted and RDS-weighted prevalence estimates of depressive symptoms were 69.2% and 74.8%, respectively. In the multivariable analysis, low social support, sexual compulsivity, and high self-esteem were significantly associated with increased depressive symptoms. Conclusions A need exists for culturally congruent mental health services for immigrant Latino sexual minorities in the southern United States. PMID:23985187

Rhodes, Scott D.; Martinez, Omar; Song, Eun-Young; Daniel, Jason; Alonzo, Jorge; Eng, Eugenia; Duck, Stacy; Downs, Mario; Bloom, Fred R.; Allen, Alex Boeving; Miller, Cindy; Reboussin, Beth

2014-01-01

150

The Nested Structure of Cancer Symptoms: Implications for Analyzing Co-occurrence and Managing Symptoms  

E-print Network

. Furthermore, because of the additive impact of multiple symptoms, patients with many co-occurring symptoms on agglomerative hierarchical clustering, and degree of nestedness of the symptoms based on the most frequently co-occurring and distribution. Results. The cancer symptoms tended to co-occur in a nested structure, where there was a small

Bhavnani, Suresh K.

151

Forskningsret Medicinstuderende og tandlgestuderende ved Health p Aarhus Universitet kan sge om indskriv-  

E-print Network

;15.05 2 For tandlægestuderende gælder, at der skal søges orlov, idet forskningsår ikke kan gennemfø- res semestre eller søge orlov fra studiet. Vejledning i forhold til SU og den fortsatte bachelor- eller

152

Af projektleder, lektor, ph.d., Niels Brimnes, Institut for Historie og Omrdestudier, Aarhus Universitet  

E-print Network

317 Af projektleder, lektor, ph.d., Niels Brimnes, Institut for Historie og OmrĂĄdestudier, Aarhus Indien 1948-78 Kanyler mv. anvendt i forbindelse med den store BCG 'fields trial' i 1968. Foto: Niels Archive, Chennai. Foto: Niels Brimnes #12;

153

Physical Characteristics of Asteroid-like Comet Nucleus C\\/2001 OG108 (LONEOS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical characteristics of C\\/2001 OG108 determined via near-IR reflectance spectroscopy indicates that this object has a spectrum similar P-type asteroids. This comet may represent the transition between highly active Halley Family comets and extinct comets.

P. A. Abell; Y. R. Fernandez; P. Pravec; L. M. French; T. L. Farnham; M. J. Gaffey; P. S. Hardersen; P. Kusnirak; L. Sarounova; S. S. Sheppard

2003-01-01

154

Borderline Personality Disorder: Are Proliferative Symptoms Characteristic?  

PubMed Central

Borderline personality is an Axis II disorder that has historically encompassed a number of different psychiatric symptoms. In empirical studies, these multiple psychiatric symptoms appear to manifest as numerous comorbid Axis I and II diagnoses. In echoing these findings in primary care settings, individuals with borderline personality exhibit prolific somatic symptoms. Rather than the type of symptom, are the number of symptoms suggestive of this disorder, such that proliferative psychiatric or medical symptoms are diagnostically relevant? We discuss these issues and conclude that the number of symptoms is an unacknowledged but important diagnostic feature in borderline personality disorder. This ongoing column is dedicated to the challenging clinical interface between psychiatry and primary care—two fields that are inexorably linked. PMID:19727271

Sansone, Randy A.; Sansone, Lori A.

2008-01-01

155

Spouses and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adulthood  

PubMed Central

Depressive symptoms may co-occur within couples and follow similar trajectories, but relatively little is known about this process in old age. This study thus examined the association between some spousal characteristics (spouse's depressive symptoms, age difference between spouses) and the trajectory of depressive symptoms in older adults. Participants ?65 years old were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 12,010; Mean age = 70.60 and 69.16 for target husbands and wives, respectively). Depressive symptoms were measured with a short form of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. Hierarchical Linear Modeling was used to model up to 9 assessments of depressive symptoms of target spouses (Mean number of CESD assessments per target spouse = 3, range 1–9). Depressive symptoms between spouses were correlated; convergence over time was modest. For both husbands and wives, having a younger spouse was associated with more depressive symptoms at age 65. These results suggest that there is concordance between spouses' depressive symptoms and that the age difference between spouses contribute to depressive symptoms as couples enter old age. The association between spouses' depressive symptoms is nearly as strong as the effect of each decade increase in age. PMID:25716455

Pradeep, Neeti; Sutin, Angelina R.

2015-01-01

156

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease? The signs and symptoms of coronary heart ... will have signs and symptoms of the disease. Heart Disease Signs and Symptoms The illustration shows the ...

157

Social skills training and negative symptoms.  

PubMed

Schizophrenic patients with severe negative symptoms may have an impaired capacity to benefit from social skills training (SST), and their negative symptoms may show little change as a result of SST. The present study, employing a multiple-baseline design across-behaviors with three patients who had prominent negative schizophrenic symptoms, combined nonverbal skills training with the Stacking the Deck social skills game. Further, the study examined changes in both social skills (assessed using role-play and conversation tests) and negative symptoms. Depression, extrapyramidal side effects, and positive symptoms were also monitored. Modest improvements in social skills and negative symptoms were achieved. There was little evidence of a training effect. The unstable baselines may have contributed to this finding. It is important for further research to employ comprehensive patient-assessment procedures. PMID:1540123

Matousek, N; Edwards, J; Jackson, H J; Rudd, R P; McMurray, N E

1992-01-01

158

Symptom Patterns Among Gulf War Registry Veterans  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We identify symptom patterns among veterans who believe they suffer from Gulf War–related illnesses and characterize groups of individuals with similar patterns. Methods. A mail survey was completed by 1161 veterans drawn from the Gulf War Health Registry. Results. An exploratory factor analysis revealed 4 symptom factors. A K-means cluster analysis revealed 2 groups: (1) veterans reporting good health and few moderate/severe symptoms, and (2) veterans reporting fair/poor health and endorsing an average of 37 symptoms, 75% as moderate/severe. Those in Cluster 2 were more likely to report having 1 or more of 24 medical conditions. Conclusions. These findings are consistent with previous investigations of symptom patterns in Gulf War veterans. This multisymptom illness may be more fully characterized by the extent, breadth, and severity of symptoms reported. PMID:12660208

Hallman, William K.; Kipen, Howard M.; Diefenbach, Michael; Boyd, Kendal; Kang, Han; Leventhal, Howard; Wartenberg, Daniel

2003-01-01

159

An investigation of symptoms predating CFS onset.  

PubMed

The Fukuda et al. (1994) criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) specifies that a symptom can only be included within a diagnosis if it is experienced concurrently or following the onset of fatigue. In order to investigate this issue, participants provided information on persisting symptoms (lasting greater than six months) and whether those symptoms occurred prior to, concurrently, or following the onset of their fatigue. More symptoms were experienced after the fatigue onset than prior to the fatigue onset; however, a considerable number of participants reported experiencing persisting symptoms prior to the onset of CFS. Particularly, rates of hay fever and asthma were higher prior to the illness. Investigating symptoms prior to the onset of the illness might provide investigators with ways to better understand the etiology of this illness. PMID:25584528

Evans, Meredyth; Barry, Morgan; Im, Young; Brown, Abigail; Jason, Leonard A

2015-01-01

160

DO NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS INFLUENCE OUTCOME OF DEPRESSION?  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Thirty four cases of endogenous major depression (RDC) have been studied in order to examine whether negative symptoms influence the outcome of depression, by comparing depressives with and without predominant negative symptoms, and by examining which negative symptoms have high percentage reduction in scores. Patients were rated on Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) during their inclusion and later during one year followup. Complete recovery was seen in only 41 % of the cases. Depression with predominant negative symptoms had poorer outcome and did not respond to tricyclic anti-depressants alone. The results indicate that negative symptoms adversely influence the clinical outcome in depressed patients and could have a role in producing chronicity. PMID:21927194

Chaturvedi, Santosh K.; Sarmukkaddam, Sanjeev B.

1986-01-01

161

Translating symptoms into mechanisms: functional GI disorders  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Functional gastrointestinal disorders are the most common problem in gastroenterological practice. They are defined by chronic abdominal symptom complexes that occur in the absence of underlying structural abnormalities. The pathogenesis of these disorders is heterogeneous and involves behavioral, infective, and inflammatory components. Common symptoms are abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, and bloating. Mechanisms underlying these symptoms include alterations in gastrointestinal motility, visceral perception, altered epithelial function, and disturbances in fermentation activity by gut commensal bacteria.

2007-12-01

162

Pain and PTSD symptoms in female veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There has been growing empirical examination of the co-occurrence of pain and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and existing evidence suggests that the symptoms associated with each have a close association. To date, however, the association has only been examined within samples of mostly male participants.Aim: In the present study, pain and PTSD symptoms were examined in a sample

Gordon J. G Asmundson; Kristi D Wright; Murray B Stein

2004-01-01

163

Symptom burden in individuals with cerebral palsy  

PubMed Central

The current study sought to (1) determine the relative frequency and severity of eight symptoms in adults with cerebral palsy (CP), (2) examine the perceived course of these eight symptoms over time, and (3) determine the associations between the severity of these symptoms and psychosocial functioning. Eighty-three adults with CP completed a measure assessing the frequency, severity, and perceived course of eight symptoms (pain, weakness, fatigue, imbalance, numbness, memory loss, vision loss, and shortness of breath). Respondents also completed measures of community integration and psychological functioning. The results indicated that pain, fatigue, imbalance, and weakness were the most common and severe symptoms reported. All symptoms were reported to have either stayed the same or worsened, rather than resolved, over time. The symptoms were more closely related to social integration than to home integration, productive activity, or psychological functioning. Memory loss was a unique predictor of social integration in the multivariate context. This study highlighted several common and problematic symptoms experienced by adults with CP. Additional research is needed to identify the most effective treatments for those symptoms that affect community integration and psychological functioning as a way to improve the quality of life of individuals with CP. PMID:21174251

Hirsh, Adam T.; Gallegos, Juan C.; Gertz, Kevin J.; Engel, Joyce M.; Jensen, Mark P.

2011-01-01

164

Depressive symptoms and observed eating in youth.  

PubMed

Depressive symptoms in youth may be a risk factor for obesity, with altered eating behaviors as one possible mechanism. We tested whether depressive symptoms were associated with observed eating patterns expected to promote excessive weight gain in two separate samples. In Study 1, 228 non-treatment-seeking youth, ages 12-17y (15.3±1.4y; 54.7% female), self-reported depressive symptoms using the Beck Depression Inventory. Energy intake was measured as consumption from a 10,934-kcal buffet meal served at 11:00am after an overnight fast. In Study 2, 204 non-treatment-seeking youth, ages 8-17y (13.0±2.8y; 49.5% female), self-reported depressive symptoms using the Children's Depression Inventory. Energy intake was measured as consumption from a 9835-kcal buffet meal served at 2:30pm after a standard breakfast. In Study 1, controlling for body composition and other relevant covariates, depressive symptoms were positively related to total energy intake in girls and boys. In Study 2, adjusting for the same covariates, depressive symptoms among girls only were positively associated with total energy intake. Youth high in depressive symptoms and dietary restraint consumed the most energy from sweets. In both studies, the effects of depressive symptoms on intake were small. Nevertheless, depressive symptoms were associated with significantly greater consumption of total energy and energy from sweet snack foods, which, over time, could be anticipated to promote excess weight gain. PMID:24424352

Mooreville, Mira; Shomaker, Lauren B; Reina, Samantha A; Hannallah, Louise M; Adelyn Cohen, L; Courville, Amber B; Kozlosky, Merel; Brady, Sheila M; Condarco, Tania; Yanovski, Susan Z; Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Yanovski, Jack A

2014-04-01

165

Common Gastrointestinal Symptoms: dyspepsia and Helicobacter pylori.  

PubMed

The most common diagnoses among patients with dyspepsia are functional dyspepsia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer, and gastric or esophageal cancer. Helicobacter pylori infection is present in many patients with dyspepsia and is etiologic in some conditions. The evaluation of dyspepsia divides patients into 3 categories: 1) for patients taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), NSAIDs should be discontinued; if symptoms resolve after discontinuation, no further evaluation is needed; 2) for patients with reflux symptoms, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) should be prescribed without endoscopy unless alarm symptoms are present; and 3) for patients with no NSAID use or reflux symptoms, evaluation depends on risk. Patients older than 55 years or with alarm symptoms are at high risk and should undergo endoscopy. Those 55 years or younger with no alarm symptoms are at low risk. Those patients should be tested for H pylori and treated if results are positive. If symptoms persist after eradication treatment, PPIs should be prescribed for 4 to 6 weeks; if symptoms persist after treatment, endoscopy should be obtained. If H pylori test results are negative, PPIs should be prescribed for 4 to 6 weeks. Endoscopy should be obtained if symptoms persist. There are several regimens for eradication of H pylori. The most effective is sequential therapy with a PPI and amoxicillin for 5 days followed by a PPI, clarithromycin, and tinidazole for another 5 days. PMID:24124704

Fashner, Julia; Gitu, Alfred Chege

2013-10-01

166

Autism and ADHD Symptoms in Patients with OCD: Are They Associated with Specific OC Symptom Dimensions or OC Symptom Severity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the relationship between autism spectrum disorders (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom, and obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptom dimensions and severity has scarcely been studied. Therefore, 109 adult outpatients with primary OCD were compared to 87 healthy controls on OC, ADHD and…

Anholt, Gideon E.; Cath, Danielle C.; van Oppen, Patricia; Eikelenboom, Merijn; Smit, Johannes H.; van Megen, Harold; van Balkom, Anton J. L. M.

2010-01-01

167

Dimensions of Temperament and Depressive Symptoms: Replicating a Three-Way Interaction  

PubMed Central

High negative emotionality (NE), low positive emotionality (PE), and low self-regulatory capacity (i.e., effortful control or EC) are related to depressive symptoms and furthermore, may moderate one another’s relations to such symptoms. Indeed, preliminary evidence suggests they may operate in a three-way interaction (Dinovo & Vasey, 2011), but the replicability of that finding remains unknown. Therefore, we tested this NExPExEC interaction in association with depressive symptoms in 5 independent samples. This interaction was significant in 4 of the 5 samples and a combined sample and approached significance in the fifth sample. In contrast, the NExPExEC interaction was unrelated to general anxious symptoms and thus may be specific to symptoms of depression. Implications, directions for future research, and limitations are discussed. PMID:24493906

Vasey, Michael W.; Harbaugh, Casaundra N.; Lonigan, Chistopher J.; Phillips, Beth M.; Hankin, Benjamin L.; Willem, Lore; Bijttebier, Patricia

2014-01-01

168

Post-cholecystectomy symptoms after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.  

PubMed Central

Abdominal symptoms persist in up to 40% of patients after laparotomy cholecystectomy and biliary lithotripsy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstone disease. However, no data exist as to the influence of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on symptoms. We analysed 100 patients who had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy at a median of 12 months (range 10-19 months) previously. Pre- and postoperative symptoms were compared and patient satisfaction was graded from 1 (best) to 5 (worst). Time to resumption of full activity (mean +/- SD) was recorded. All patients had more than two symptoms preoperatively. Postoperatively, 61 patients had complete absence of symptoms, 14 patients complained of only one symptom during the postoperative period and 25 patients continued to have at least two symptoms. The mean time taken to return to full activity was 2.4 +/- 1.7 weeks. In patients without any symptoms postoperatively, time taken to return to full activity was 2.3 +/- 1.5 weeks, 2.7 +/- 1.4 weeks for patients with one symptom postoperatively, while patients with two or more symptoms returned to full activity in 2.3 +/- 1.3 weeks and 2.6 +/- 1.7 weeks, respectively. Notwithstanding that 25% of patients reported two or more symptoms postoperatively, most patients (n = 84) considered the procedure to be a complete success. A further 10 patients had significant improvement after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Five patients considered themselves only slightly improved, while a single patient was no better off postoperatively. These data indicate that after laparoscopic cholecystectomy most patients return to full activity within 3 weeks.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8215152

Qureshi, M. A.; Burke, P. E.; Brindley, N. M.; Leahy, A. L.; Osborne, D. H.; Broe, P. J.; Bouchier-Hayes, D. J.; Grace, P. A.

1993-01-01

169

Prevalence of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease symptoms and reflux-associated respiratory symptoms in asthma  

PubMed Central

Background Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) symptoms are common in asthma and have been extensively studied, but less so in the Asian continent. Reflux-associated respiratory symptoms (RARS) have, in contrast, been little-studied globally. We report the prevalence of GORD symptoms and RARS in adult asthmatics, and their association with asthma severity and medication use. Methods A cross-sectional analytical study. A validated interviewer-administered GORD scale was used to assess frequency and severity of seven GORD symptoms. Subjects were consecutive asthmatics attending medical clinics. Controls were matched subjects without respiratory symptoms. Results The mean (SD) composite GORD symptom score of asthmatics was significantly higher than controls (21.8 (17.2) versus 12.0 (7.6); P < 0.001) as was frequency of each symptom and RARS. Prevalence of GORD symptoms in asthmatics was 59.4% (95% CI, 59.1%-59.6%) versus 28.5% in controls (95% CI, 29.0% - 29.4%). 36% of asthmatics experienced respiratory symptoms in association with both typical and atypical GORD symptoms, compared to 10% of controls (P < 0.001). An asthmatic had a 3.5 times higher risk of experiencing a GORD symptom after adjusting for confounders (OR 3.5; 95% CI 2.5-5.3). Severity of asthma had a strong dose-response relationship with GORD symptoms. Asthma medication use did not significantly influence the presence of GORD symptoms. Conclusions GORD symptoms and RARS were more prevalent in a cohort of Sri Lankan adult asthmatics compared to non-asthmatics. Increased prevalence of RARS is associated with both typical and atypical symptoms of GORD. Asthma disease and its severity, but not asthma medication, appear to influence presence of GORD symptoms. PMID:20843346

2010-01-01

170

Accumulated childhood trauma and symptom complexity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between accumulated exposure to different types of traumatic events (cumulative trauma) in childhood and the total number of different types of symptomatology reported (symptom complexity) in adulthood was examined in a sample of 2,453 female university students. There was a linear relationship between the number of trauma types experienced by participants before 18 and symptom complexity. This effect

John Briere; Stacey Kaltman; Bonnie L. Green

2008-01-01

171

Somatic Symptoms in Traumatized Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Childhood exposure to trauma has been associated with increased rates of somatic symptoms (SS), which may contribute to diminished daily functioning. One hundred and sixty-one children residing at a residential treatment home who had experienced neglect and/or abuse were administered the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC), the…

Kugler, Brittany B.; Bloom, Marlene; Kaercher, Lauren B.; Truax, Tatyana V.; Storch, Eric A.

2012-01-01

172

Gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMSMinor gastrointestinal abnormalities have been reported in children with asthma, but the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in these children has not been studied.METHODS75 children with bronchial asthma and an age and sex matched control group were recruited. Parents completed a questionnaire on gastrointestinal symptoms and on asthma. Weight and height were measured; a clinical evaluation of asthma was undertaken and

Carlo Caffarelli; Franca Maria Deriu; Vittorio Terzi; Francesca Perrone; Gianluigi dč Angelis; David J Atherton

2000-01-01

173

Gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with asthma  

PubMed Central

AIMS—Minor gastrointestinal abnormalities have been reported in children with asthma, but the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in these children has not been studied.?METHODS—75 children with bronchial asthma and an age and sex matched control group were recruited. Parents completed a questionnaire on gastrointestinal symptoms and on asthma. Weight and height were measured; a clinical evaluation of asthma was undertaken and skin prick tests were performed.?RESULTS—Children with asthma had a significantly greater frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms, particularly diarrhoea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, than did controls. Gastrointestinal symptoms were slightly more common in children with atopic symptoms other than asthma, or with positive skin prick tests to foods. There was no association between current gastrointestinal symptoms and medications or attacks of asthma.?CONCLUSIONS—The occurrence of gastrointestinal symptoms appears to be common in children with asthma. These symptoms might be caused by an atopic gastroenteropathy, which might play a part in the pathogenesis of asthma in some cases.?? PMID:10648366

Caffarelli, C.; Deriu, F. M.; Terzi, V.; Perrone, F.; Angelis, G. d.; Atherton, D.

2000-01-01

174

INFLUENZA 101 Symptoms of the flu  

E-print Network

INFLUENZA 101 Symptoms of the flu Sudden onset of fever/chills, coughing, muscle aches, headache by nausea and/or vomiting, minor symptoms e.g. fatigue may last a few weeks Self-care if you get the flu

Abolmaesumi, Purang

175

Psychotic symptoms in Parkinson’s disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychotic symptoms are common in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and occur in at least 20% of medication-treated patients. Benign visual hallucinations usually appear earlier, while malignant hallucinations, confusional states, delusions, paranoid beliefs, agitation, and delirium become more frequent with disease progression. Virtually all antiparkinsonian drugs may produce psychotic symptoms. Cognitive impairment, increased age, disease duration and severity, depression, and sleep disorders

Spiridon Papapetropoulos; D. C. Mash

2005-01-01

176

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Consequences of Comorbid Insomnia Symptoms  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Consequences of Comorbid Insomnia Symptoms and Sleep-Related BreathingD Background: The prevalence of sleep-related breath- ing disorder (SRBD) and insomnia symptoms increases).Participants were divided into 4 groups--with and without insomnia and with and without SRBD--and the groups

Pennsylvania, University of

177

Post-traumatic symptoms in abused children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of symptoms have been described as sequelae of physical and sexual abuse in childhood. This review suggests that some of these symptoms can be understood as developmentally mediated manifestations of post-traumatic disorders. Like traumatized combat or concentration camp survivors, severely abused children develop anxiety, compulsive repetitions, sleep disturbances and depression, ego constriction, and disturbed expressions of anger. The

Jean Goodwin

1988-01-01

178

Symptom development in Vietnam era veterans.  

PubMed

Recent studies and clinical reports concerning Vietnam returnees have led to contradictory conclusions as to maladjustment. A questionnaire and symptom checklist was obtain-d from 207 veterans. Significant differences in the mean number of symptoms (e.g., recurrent nightmares, fears, etc.) were found between the combat and non-combat groups. PMID:1111298

DeFazio, V J; Rustin, S; Diamond, A

1975-01-01

179

Musculoskeletal symptoms in New South Wales dentists  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the prevalence and distribu- tion of symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders occurring in New South Wales dentists and invest- igates the relationship between these symptoms and work practices. Four hundred and forty two members of the Australian Dental Association (New South Wa l e s Branch), were randomly selected and sent ques- tionnaires. Eighty per cent (n=355) responded.

E. D. Marshall; L. M. Duncombe; R. Q. Robinson; S. L. Kilbreath

1997-01-01

180

Maternal Depressive Symptoms following Autism Spectrum Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined depressive symptoms, concerning the week following autism spectrum diagnosis and an average of 1.4 years later, in mothers (n = 75) of young children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Over three-quarters of mothers (78.7%) provided retrospective reports of clinically significant depressive symptoms

Taylor, Julie Lounds; Warren, Zachary E.

2012-01-01

181

Alexithymia and Eating Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing amount of evidence indicates an association between alexithymia and eating disorder symptoms. This possible association was evaluated in a non-clinical sample of late adolescents. Seven hundred and twenty nine adolescents completed the questionnaire and formed the final sample. Alexithymia was measured using the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale and eating disorder symptoms were assessed using the SCOFF questionnaire. The

Max Karukivi; Lea Hautala; Jan Korpelainen; Kirsi-Maria Haapasalo-Pesu; Pirjo-Riitta Liuksila; Matti Joukamaa; Simo Saarijärvi

2010-01-01

182

What are the symptoms of flu? Symptoms include sudden onset of  

E-print Network

What are the symptoms of flu? · Symptoms include sudden onset of: o fever/chills o cough o muscle a doctor? Most people recover without needing to see a doctor; the flu usually lasts 7 ­ 10 days and goes · Disorientation or confusion · Pain or pressure in chest · Severe or persistent vomiting · Flu-like symptoms

Ellis, Randy

183

The Impact of Individual Trauma Symptoms of Deployed Soldiers on Relationship Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research traditionally has focused on the development of individual symptoms in those who experienced trauma directly but has overlooked the interpersonal impact of trauma. The current study reports data from 45 male Army soldiers who recently returned from a military deployment to Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom) or Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom) and their female spouses\\/partners. The results indicated that increased

Briana S. Nelson Goff; Janet R. Crow; Allison M. J. Reisbig; Stacy Hamilton

2007-01-01

184

Deployment-Related TBI, Persistent Postconcussive Symptoms, PTSD, and Depression in OEF\\/OIF Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: A substantial proportion of the more than 2 million service members who have served in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Understanding the long-term impact of TBI is complicated by the nonspecific nature of postconcussive symptoms (PCSs) and the high rates of co-occurrence among TBI, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD),

Sandra B. Morissette; Matthew Woodward; Nathan A. Kimbrel; Eric C. Meyer; Marc I. Kruse; Sara Dolan; Suzy Bird Gulliver

2011-01-01

185

Behavioral inhibition and PTSD symptoms in veterans  

PubMed Central

Behavioral inhibition (BI), a temperamental bias to respond to novel stimuli with avoidance behaviors, is a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is unclear whether BI accounts for additional variance in PTSD symptom severity beyond that accounted for by general anxiety. Here, 109 veterans (mean age 50.4 years, 9.2% female) provided self-assessment of PTSD symptoms, state and trait anxiety, combat exposure, and current (adult) and retrospective (childhood) BI. Adult BI was correlated with anxiety and PTSD symptom severity, especially cluster C (avoidance) symptoms, but not with combat exposure. A regression model including adult BI, state and trait anxiety, and combat exposure was able to correctly classify over 80% of participants according to presence or absence of severe PTSD symptoms. Because avoidance behaviors are a core component of PTSD, self-assessments of BI may be an important tool in understanding PTSD and potentially assessing vulnerability to the disorder. PMID:22397911

Myers, Catherine E.; VanMeenen, Kirsten M.; Servatius, Richard J.

2012-01-01

186

Asthma symptom perception and obesity in children?  

PubMed Central

This study examined the relationship between obesity and asthma symptom perception in 200 youth with asthma. Repeated subjective and objective peak flow measurements were summarized using the Asthma Risk Grid (Klein et al., 2004), resulting in Accurate, Symptom Magnification and Danger Zone scores. Analyses were stratified by age and included ethnicity. For younger children, obesity was not significantly related to perception scores. For older children, a significant obesity-by-ethnicity interaction for Accurate Symptom Perception scores indicated that obese white children had lower accuracy than white nonobese children, while there was no difference for obese versus nonobese minority children. Obesity was also related to higher Symptom Magnification scores regardless of ethnicity for older children. These findings suggest that obesity may complicate asthma management by interfering with the ability to accurately perceive symptoms for some patients. More remains to be learned about the role of sociodemographic factors underlying this relationship. PMID:19941934

Kopel, Sheryl J.; Walders-Abramson, Natalie; McQuaid, Elizabeth L.; Seifer, Ronald; Koinis-Mitchell, Daphne; Klein, Robert B.; Wamboldt, Marianne Z.; Fritz, Gregory K.

2012-01-01

187

Activation of defense response pathways by OGs and Flg22 elicitors in Arabidopsis seedlings  

PubMed Central

We carried out transcriptional profiling analysis in 10 day-old Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings treated with oligogalacturonides (OGs), oligosaccharides derived from the plant cell wall, or the bacterial flagellin peptide Flg22, general elicitors of the basal defense response in plants. Although detected by different receptors, both OGs and Flg22 trigger a fast and transient response that is both similar and comprehensive, and characterized by activation of early stages of multiple defense signaling pathways, particularly JA-associated processes. However, the response to Flg22 is stronger in both the number of genes differentially expressed and the amplitude of change. The magnitude of induction of individual genes is in both cases dose dependent, but even at very high concentrations, OGs do not induce a response that is as comprehensive as that seen with Flg22. While high doses of either microbe-associated molecular pattern (MAMP) elicit a late response that includes activation of senescence processes, SA-dependent secretory pathway genes and PR1 expression are substantially induced only by Flg22. These results suggest a lower threshold for activation of early responses than for sustained or SA-mediated late defenses. Expression patterns of aminocyclopropane-carboxylate synthase genes also implicate ethylene biosynthesis in regulation of the late innate immune response. PMID:19825551

Denoux, Carine; Galletti, Roberta; Mammarella, Nicole; Gopalan, Suresh; Werck, Daničle; De Lorenzo, Giulia; Ferrari, Simone; Ausubel, Frederick M.; Dewdney, Julia

2010-01-01

188

Psychiatric symptoms moderate the effects of mental illness self-management in a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

Depression has been shown to moderate the effects of physical illness self-management (ISM) programs. We attempted to replicate these findings for a mental ISM intervention. Outpatients with serious mental illness (N = 428) from eight Tennessee communities were randomly assigned to receive a peer-led self-management intervention called Building Recovery of Individual Dreams and Goals Through Education and Support or services as usual. Psychiatric symptoms were assessed with the Brief Symptom Inventory; the outcome of personal empowerment was measured by the Empowerment Scale. Intent-to-treat analysis using mixed-effects random regression found significant interaction effects between study condition and three moderating symptom profiles. Empowerment was greater for the intervention participants with high levels of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and general symptom distress than for the experimental participants with low symptom levels and the control subjects with high or low levels of symptoms. These results shed light on how mental ISM programs operate and ways these can be improved. PMID:24566504

Steigman, Pamela J; Pickett, Susan A; Diehl, Sita M; Fox, Anthony; Grey, Dennis D; Shipley, Patricia; Cook, Judith A

2014-03-01

189

Association of ventilation system type with SBS symptoms in office workers  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a review and synthesis of current knowledge about the associations of ventilation system types in office buildings with sick building syndrome symptoms and discusses potential explanations for the associations. Relative to natural ventilation, air conditioning, with or without humidification, was consistently associated with a statistically significant increase in the prevalence of one or more SBS symptoms. Prevalences were typically higher by approximately 30% to 200% in the air conditioned buildings. In two of three assessments from a single study, symptom prevalences were also significantly higher in air conditioned buildings than in buildings with simple mechanical ventilation and no humidification. In approximately half of assessments, SBS symptom prevalences were significantly higher in buildings with simple mechanical ventilation than in buildings with natural ventilation. Insufficient information was available for conclusions about the potential increased risk of SBS symptoms with humidification. The statistically significant associations of mechanical ventilation and air conditioning with SBS symptoms are much more frequent than expected from chance and also not likely to be a consequence of confounding by several potential personal, job, or building related confounders. The reasons for the increases in symptom prevalences with mechanical ventilation and particularly with air conditioning remain unclear. Multiple deficiencies in HVAC system design, construction, operation, or maintenance, including some which cause pollutant emissions from HVAC systems, may contribute to the increases in symptom prevalences.

Seppanen, Olli; Fisk, William J.

2001-02-07

190

Characteristics of thyroid nodules causing globus symptoms.  

PubMed

A globus sensation is one of the most common complaints in otolaryngologic clinics, and laryngopharyngeal reflux is the most common cause. However, thyroid nodules also can cause globus symptoms. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of thyroid nodules that cause globus. We selected patients prospectively with a single thyroid nodule on ultrasonograms. Patients with other causes of globus symptoms were excluded using questionnaires, fiber optic laryngoscopic examinations, and a psychiatric screening tool. In total, 175 patients were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups according to globus symptoms. Ultrasonographic characteristics and clinicopathological parameters were compared between the groups. Among various clinicopathologic and ultrasonographic parameters, size and horizontal location of the thyroid nodule showed significant differences between the groups. Nodules larger than 3 cm and those located anterior to the trachea had a tendency to cause globus symptoms. Regarding horizontal location, nodules that all parts were located anterior to the trachea showed a higher tendency to cause globus symptoms than nodules that only some parts were located anterior to the trachea. In conclusion, thyroid nodules with specific size and location can cause globus symptoms, and this finding can be indicated in patient counseling. Also, conservative treatments or thyroidectomy may be helpful in relieving patients' globus symptoms. PMID:25636252

Nam, Inn-Chul; Choi, Hoon; Kim, Eun-Sook; Mo, Eun-Young; Park, Young-Hak; Sun, Dong-Il

2015-05-01

191

Symptoms and Signs Associated with Postpartum Thyroiditis  

PubMed Central

Background. Postpartum thyroiditis (PPT) is a common triphasic autoimmune disease in women with thyroid peroxidase (TPO) autoantibodies. This study evaluated women's thyroid disease symptoms, physical findings, stress levels, and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels across six postpartum months in three groups, TPO negative, TPO positive, and PPT positive women. Methods. Women were recruited in midpregnancy (n = 631) and TPO status was determined which then was used to form the three postpartum groups. The three groups were compared on TSH levels, thyroid symptoms, weight, blood pressure, heart rate, a thyroid exam, and stress scores. Results. Fifty-six percent of the TPO positive women developed PPT. Hypothyroid group (F (2, 742) = 5.8, P = .003) and hyperthyroid group (F (2, 747) = 6.6, P = .001) subscale scores differed by group. Several symptoms and stress scores were highest in the PPT group. Conclusions. The normal postpartum is associated with many symptoms that mimic thyroid disease symptoms, but severity is greater in women with either TPO or PPT positivity. While the most severe symptoms were generally seen in PPT positive women, even TPO positive women seem to have higher risk for these signs and symptoms. PMID:25405057

2014-01-01

192

Ectopic expression of ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme gene from wild rice, OgUBC1, confers resistance against UV-B radiation and Botrytis infection in Arabidopsis thaliana  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We isolated a novel E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme from leaves of wild rice plants. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The OgUBC1 was highly expressed in leaves treated with SA and UV-B radiation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The recombinant OgUBC1 has an enzymatic activity of E2 in vitro. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The OgUBC1 could protect disruption of plant cells by UV-B radiation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer OgUBC1 confers disease resistance and UV-B tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. -- Abstract: A previously unidentified gene encoding ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme was isolated from leaves of wild rice plant treated with wounding and microbe-associated molecular patterns. The OgUBC1 gene was composed of 148 amino acids and contained a typical active site and 21 ubiquitin thioester intermediate interaction residues and 4 E3 interaction residues. Both exogenous application of salicylic acid and UV-B irradiation triggered expression of OgUBC1 in leaves of wild rice. Recombinant OgUBC1 proteins bound to ubiquitins in vitro, proposing that the protein might act as E2 enzyme in planta. Heterologous expression of the OgUBC1 in Arabidopsis thaliana protected plants from cellular damage caused by an excess of UV-B radiation. A stable expression of chalcone synthase gene was detected in leaves of OgUBC1-expressing Arabidopsis, resulting in producing higher amounts of anthocyanin than those in wild-type Col-0 plants. Additionally, both pathogenesis-related gene1 and 5 were transcribed in the transgenic Arabidopsis in the absence of pathogen infection. The OgUBC1-expressing plants were resistant to the infection of Botrytis cinerea. Taken together, we suggested that the OgUBC1 is involved in ubiquitination process important for cellular response against biotic and abiotic stresses in plants.

Jeon, En Hee; Pak, Jung Hun; Kim, Mi Jin; Kim, Hye Jeong [Department of Genetic Engineering, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Genetic Engineering, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714 (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Sang Hyun [National Crop Experiment Station, Rural Development Administration, Suwon 441-100 (Korea, Republic of)] [National Crop Experiment Station, Rural Development Administration, Suwon 441-100 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jai Heon; Kim, Doh Hoon; Oh, Ju Sung [Department of Genetic Engineering, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Genetic Engineering, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Boung-Jun [BioControl Center, Jeonnam 516-942 (Korea, Republic of)] [BioControl Center, Jeonnam 516-942 (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Ho Won, E-mail: hwjung@dau.ac.kr [Department of Genetic Engineering, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Young Soo, E-mail: chungys@dau.ac.kr [Department of Genetic Engineering, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-19

193

Depressive Symptoms and Observed Eating in Youth  

PubMed Central

Depressive symptoms in youth may be a risk factor for obesity, with altered eating behaviors as one possible mechanism. We tested whether depressive symptoms were associated with observed eating patterns expected to promote excessive weight gain in two separate samples. In Study 1, 228 non-treatment-seeking youth, ages 12–17y (15.3 ± 1.4y; 54.7% female), self-reported depressive symptoms using the Beck Depression Inventory. Energy intake was measured as consumption from a 10,934-kcal buffet meal served at 11:00am after an overnight fast. In Study 2, 204 non-treatment-seeking youth, ages 8–17y (13.0 ± 2.8; 49.5% female), self-reported depressive symptoms using the Children’s Depression Inventory. Energy intake was measured as consumption from a 9,835-kcal buffet meal served at 2:30pm after a standard breakfast. In Study 1, controlling for body composition and other relevant covariates, depressive symptoms were positively related to total energy intake in girls and boys. In Study 2, adjusting for the same covariates, depressive symptoms among girls only were positively associated with total energy intake. Youth high in depressive symptoms and dietary restraint consumed the most energy from sweets. In both studies, the effects of depressive symptoms on intake were small. Nevertheless, depressive symptoms were associated with significantly greater consumption of total energy and energy from sweet snack foods, which, over time, could be anticipated to promote excess weight gain. PMID:24424352

Mooreville, Mira; Shomaker, Lauren B.; Reina, Samantha A.; Hannallah, Louise M.; Cohen, L. Adelyn; Courville, Amber B.; Kozlosky, Merel; Brady, Sheila M.; Condarco, Tania; Yanovski, Susan Z.; Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Yanovski, Jack A.

2014-01-01

194

Psychological symptoms and subsequent sickness absence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Mental health problems are associated with sickness absence (SA). The present study aimed at establishing which symptoms—distress,\\u000a depression, anxiety, or somatization—at which symptom levels were associated with SA frequency and duration. Moreover, a number\\u000a of possible confounders or effect modifiers were taken into account.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A survey was completed by 3,678 employees of a large Dutch telecom company. Symptoms were measured

Berend Terluin; Willem van Rhenen; Johannes R. Anema; Toon W. Taris

2011-01-01

195

The Midlife Women's Symptom Index (MSI).  

PubMed

In this article, the Midlife Women's Symptom Index (MSI), a recently developed measurement scale for symptoms experienced during the menopausal transition, is presented with its psychometric properties. This was a cross-sectional study including (a) an expert review among 20 women's health experts and (b) a psychometric test among 77 middle-aged women. The instruments for the psychometric test were 19 questions on sociodemographic characteristics, the MSI, and the Menopausal Symptom Checklist (MSC). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, K-R 20, and item analysis. The reliability and validity of the MSI were supported among middle-aged women. PMID:16524856

Im, Eun-Ok

2006-03-01

196

THE PHYSIOLOGIC BASIS OF SYMPTOMS IN ECLAMPSIA  

PubMed Central

The philosophy of treatment in eclampsia cannot rest upon the principle of combatting every symptom with many therapeutic weapons until the symptom, and occasionally the patient, fades away. It should rest rather upon assisting the maternal organism to keep its own compensatory efforts within the bounds of safety, preventing damage to vital organs where possible, and removing the cause of the disease by termination of the pregnancy whenever that may be done with safety to both mother and child. Such assistance must necessarily be based upon current understanding of the disturbances which underlie each symptom. PMID:18104713

Page, Ernest W.

1949-01-01

197

Methods of symptom evaluation and their impact on peripheral artery disease (PAD) symptom prevalence: A review  

PubMed Central

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common progressive atherosclerotic occlusive disease that causes insufficient blood flow to the lower extremities. The symptom that health care professionals most often associate with PAD is claudication. However, patient reporting of claudication is highly variable. A structured literature review was conducted to evaluate how PAD symptoms are identified, defined, and categorized. This review focuses on the development and performance characteristics of PAD symptom questionnaires and the identification of a spectrum of leg symptoms beyond classic claudication. Additionally, potential confounders of PAD symptom report and strategies for a more comprehensive assessment of PAD symptoms are discussed. Overall, there is a lack of consistency in the utilization of PAD claudication questionnaires which impacts PAD symptom reporting and categorization. Based on this review, atypical symptoms are commonly reported, but poorly understood. Additional research is needed to gain a better understanding of the presentation of atypical symptoms, as well as the role of age, gender, race, and comorbid conditions on the symptom experience of patients with PAD. PMID:23509087

Schorr, Erica N.; Treat-Jacobson, Diane

2013-01-01

198

What Are Common Symptoms of Phenylketonuria (PKU)?  

MedlinePLUS

... Resources and Publications What are common symptoms of phenylketonuria (PKU)? Skip sharing on social media links Share ... a person's coloring 1 Genetics Home Reference. (2012). Phenylketonuria . Retrieved June 22, 2012, from http://ghr.nlm. ...

199

Tropical Virus Symptoms Can Mimic Rheumatoid Arthritis  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Tropical Virus Symptoms Can Mimic Rheumatoid Arthritis: Study Similarities may ... 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The mosquito-borne chikungunya virus causes joint pain and swelling similar to rheumatoid ...

200

Heart Health - Heart Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Cover Story Heart Health Heart Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment Past Issues / Winter 2009 ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Most heart attacks happen when a clot in the coronary ...

201

What Are the Symptoms of Learning Disabilities?  

MedlinePLUS

... Difficulty with reading and/or writing Problems with math skills Difficulty remembering Problems paying attention Trouble following ... numbers. Other symptoms may include 7 : Difficulty with math-related word problems Trouble making change in cash ...

202

Restless Legs Syndrome -- Causes and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... miles): 10 25 50 Share: Essentials in Sleep Insomnia Overview & Facts Symptoms & Causes Diagnosis & Self Tests Treatment ... Tips Healthy Sleep Habits Sleep Disorders by Category Insomnias Insomnia Child Insomnia Short Sleeper Hypersomnias Narcolepsy Insufficient ...

203

Home Care Nursing Improves Cancer Symptom Management  

Cancer.gov

Home care nursing (HCN) improves the management of symptoms in breast and colorectal cancer patients who take the oral chemotherapy drug capecitabine, according to a study published online November 16, 2009, in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

204

Signs and Symptoms of Congenital Heart Defects  

MedlinePLUS

... should. With severe defects, this can lead to heart failure . Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can' ... blood to meet the body's needs. Symptoms of heart failure include: Shortness of breath or trouble breathing Fatigue ...

205

HIV / AIDS: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... HIV is present in large quantities in blood, semen, and vaginal fluids. More severe HIV symptoms—such ... transmission among injection drug users. Summer 2009 Issue: Volume 4 Number 3 Pages 13 - 15

206

Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment for Pulmonary Fibrosis  

MedlinePLUS

... and Treatment What are the Symptoms of Pulmonary Fibrosis? Shortness of breath, particularly during exercise Dry, hacking ... of the fingers or toes) How is Pulmonary Fibrosis Detected? Your doctor will do a physical exam. ...

207

Haemophilus influenzae Disease (Including Hib) Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Multimedia Related Links Global Hib Vaccination Hib Vaccination Meningitis Pneumonia Symptoms Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... disease are: Pneumonia (lung infection) Bacteremia (bloodstream infection) Meningitis (infection of the covering of the brain and ...

208

Comparative assessment of an Og4C3 ELISA and an ICT filariasis test: a study of Myanmar migrants in Thailand.  

PubMed

Detection of circulating filarial antigen has now emerged as an alternative method for the diagnosis of bancroftian filariasis. We compared two antigen detection assays, an Og4C3 ELISA and an ICT (immunochromatography) Filariasis test, for the diagnosis of Wuchereria bancrofti infections in migrant Myanmar workers in Tak province, Western Thailand. A total of 337 Myanmars participated in this study. The microfilarial rate was 3.3%. The Og4C3 ELISA could detect 19.1% of bancroftian filariasis while the ICT test detected 12.7%. Both antigen assays could detect all microfilaremics. The Og4C3 ELISA detected 14.8% of amicrofilaremics while the ICT test identified 8.1%. Those who were positive for the ICT test were also positive by the Og4C3 ELISA. Those Og4C3 positive cases, that were ICT negative (ICT-ve/Og4C3+ve) had statistically significant (p < 0.05, unpaired t-test) lower Og4C3 antigen levels (409.5 units, range 117-2,389) than those that were ICT positive (ICT+ve/Og4C3+ve) (5,252.0 units, range 130-28,062). Our results emphasize the problem of bancroftian filariasis in Myanmar migrants working in Thailand. Close monitoring and control of this disease in Myanmar migrants are of public health importance. Antigen detection systems are promising tools for the surveillance of bancroftian filariasis. PMID:15198343

Nuchprayoon, Surang; Porksakorn, Chantima; Junpee, Alisa; Sanprasert, Vivornpun; Poovorawan, Yong

2003-12-01

209

Adaptiv hardware innen radar og radarapplikasjoner, Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt, Kjeller Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt (FFI) har mer enn 30 rs erfaring med forskningsarbeider innen radar  

E-print Network

Adaptiv hardware innen radar og radarapplikasjoner, Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt, Kjeller Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt (FFI) har mer enn 30 ĂĄrs erfaring med forskningsarbeider innen radar og radarapplikasjoner. Dette omhandler bĂĄde passive systemer som brukes for ĂĄ kartlegge radar scenen, kalt

Sahay, Sundeep

210

Prehospital Delay and Stroke-related Symptoms.  

PubMed

Objective Prehospital delay is the major cause of treatment delay in stroke. This study was conducted to clarify the contribution of specific stroke-related symptoms to prehospital delay. Methods A consecutive series of 469 patients hospitalized within 2 weeks of stroke onset was collected. In this study, prehospital delay was defined as the time interval from recognition of stroke-related symptoms to hospital arrival. The prevalence of each symptom or sign and prehospital delay were analyzed. Results Weakness of the lower limb (43.5%) was the most common symptom followed by weakness of the upper limb (37.1%) and dysarthria (31.6%). Conversely, the most common sign was weakness of the upper limb (54.1%) followed by dysarthria (53.3%), weakness of the lower limb (53.1%), and sensory disturbance (39.0%). The presence of confusion/decreased level of consciousness (p<0.001), aphasia (p<0.001), headache (p=0.017), and nausea/vomiting (p=0.035) were associated with earlier hospital visitation compared with the absence of these symptoms in univariate analyses. Conversely, the presence of sensory disturbance (p=0.0017) and vertigo/dizziness (p=0.044) were associated with a significant delay in hospital visitation compared with the absence of these symptoms. There was a discrepancy in the prevalence between symptoms recognized by the patients or bystanders and signs diagnosed by the physicians. Conclusion There was a significant overall correlation between prehospital delay and the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale scores. Public education is therefore necessary to encourage early hospital visitation even with the appearance of mild symptoms. PMID:25743008

Yanagida, Tomoko; Fujimoto, Shigeru; Inoue, Takuya; Suzuki, Satoshi

2015-01-01

211

Posttraumatic stress symptoms after childhood cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The posttraumatic stress model has recently been applied to understand the impact of life-threatening illness in adults and in children. From 1991 to 2001, 20 studies have reported posttraumatic stress symptoms and\\/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in childhood cancer survivors and\\/or their parents. A review of these studies is proposed. Prevalence of posttraumatic stress symptoms and\\/or PTSD in children and

Olivier Taďeb; MarieRose Moro; Thierry Baubet; Anne Revah-Lévy; Martine F. Flament

2003-01-01

212

Guilt, Shame, and Symptoms in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors asked whether evidence could be found for adaptive or maladaptive aspects of guilt and shame in 5–12-year-old children (44 boys, 42 girls). Children completed semiprojective and scenario-based measures thought to assess shame, guilt, or both. Their parents (N = 83) completed the Child Behavior Checklist to assess child symptoms. Shame and projective guilt were related to symptoms; they

Tamara J. Ferguson; Heddy Stegge; Erin R. Miller; Michael E. Olsen

1999-01-01

213

Psychological correlates of PTSD symptoms following stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed associations between a number of demographic, medical and psychological risk factors and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms following stroke. Individuals (N = 102) who had experienced a stroke within the previous year participated in the study. Participants completed questionnaires containing measures of PTSD symptoms and a range of psychological risk factors (i.e., anxiety, depression, negative affect, dissociation, cognitive appraisals).

Charlotte Merriman; Paul Norman; Jane Barton

2007-01-01

214

Web-Based Intervention for Returning Veterans with Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Risky Alcohol Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial number of military personnel who have served in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom; OIF) and Afghanistan (Operating\\u000a Enduring Freedom; OEF) develop symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in response to their military experiences\\u000a and many of these same individuals will drink in a risky or problematic manner following deployment. If left untreated, PTSD\\u000a symptoms and alcohol problems can become

Amy Rubin; Justin L. Enggasser; Monica Roy; Terence M. Keane

215

Tackling Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia with Memantine  

PubMed Central

We present a case of a 52-year-old male patient suffering from chronic schizophrenia stabilized on risperidone long-acting injection (37,5?mg/2 weeks) and biperiden 4?mg/day. Residual symptoms are affective flattening, alogia, avolition, and asociality. Memantine 10?mg/day was added. After 1.5 months, the patient spontaneously referred to “feel better being in company of my relatives.” The following scales have been completed: the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (96), the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (3), the Mini Mental Scale Examination (26), and the Calgary Depression for Schizophrenia Scale (2). Memantine was increased to 20?mg/day and biperiden was decreased to 2?mg/day. Two months later, apathy and asociality considerably improved and affective flattening, alogia, and attention slightly got better (SANS 76, SAPS 1, MMSE 26, and CDSS 1). After two more months, the improvement continued in the same domains (SANS: 70, SAPS: 1 MMSE: 27, and CDSS: 1). Positive symptoms remained in full remission. It has been hypothesized that one of the causes of schizophrenia is glutamate excitotoxicity. Memantine, a glutamate receptor antagonist, could possibly ameliorate schizophrenia symptoms, the negative ones among them, used as add-on therapy to atypical antipsychotics. Memantine could be of potential help in schizophrenia patients with severe residual negative symptoms. PMID:24818033

2014-01-01

216

Trauma Exposure and Posttraumatic Symptoms in Hawaii  

PubMed Central

Eight-hundred thirty-three members of an ethnically diverse longitudinal cohort study in Hawaii were surveyed about their personal exposure to several types of traumatic events, socioeconomic resources, and mental health symptoms. Results replicated findings from prior research that while men and women are exposed to similar rates of trauma overall, women report more exposure to traumas high in betrayal (HB), while men report exposure to more traumas lower in betrayal (LB). Trauma exposure was predictive of mental health symptoms, with neglect, household dysfunction, and HB traumas predicting symptoms of depression, anxiety, PTSD, dissociation, and sleep disturbance, and LB traumas predicting PTSD and dissociation symptoms. Native Hawaiian ethnicity and poorer socioeconomic status were predictive of greater trauma exposure and symptoms. Results suggest that more inclusive definitions of trauma are important for gender equity, and that ethnic group variation in symptoms is better explained by factors such as differential trauma exposure and economic and social status differences, rather than minority status per se. PMID:24660048

Klest, Bridget; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Foynes, Melissa Ming

2013-01-01

217

Computerized measurement of negative symptoms in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Accurate measurement of negative symptoms is crucial for understanding and treating schizophrenia. However, current measurement strategies are reliant on subjective symptom rating scales, which often have psychometric and practical limitations. Computerized analysis of patients' speech offers a sophisticated and objective means of evaluating negative symptoms. The present study examined the feasibility and validity of using widely-available acoustic and lexical-analytic software to measure flat affect, alogia and anhedonia (via positive emotion). These measures were examined in their relationships to clinically-rated negative symptoms and social functioning. Natural speech samples were collected and analyzed for 14 patients with clinically-rated flat affect, 46 patients without flat affect and 19 healthy controls. The computer-based inflection and speech rate measures significantly discriminated patients with flat affect from controls, and the computer-based measure of alogia and negative emotion significantly discriminated the flat and nonflat patients. Both the computer and clinical measures of positive emotion/anhedonia corresponded to functioning impairments. The computerized method of assessing negative symptoms offered a number of advantages over the symptom scale-based approach. PMID:17920078

Cohen, Alex S; Alpert, Murray; Nienow, Tasha M; Dinzeo, Thomas J; Docherty, Nancy M

2008-08-01

218

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Asthma?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Asthma? Common signs and symptoms of asthma include: Coughing . ... during the day or at night. What Causes Asthma Symptoms To Occur? Many things can trigger or ...

219

Headaches and Migraines: Headache Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Headaches and Migraines Headache Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Past Issues / Spring ... of headache. Each has distinct symptoms and treatments. Migraine and Other Vascular Headaches—Symptoms and Diagnosis Migraine: ...

220

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure? The most common signs and symptoms of heart ... in your lungs. The condition requires emergency treatment. Heart Failure Signs and Symptoms The image shows the major ...

221

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Carotid Artery Disease?  

MedlinePLUS

... What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Carotid Artery Disease? Carotid artery disease may not cause signs or symptoms until it severely narrows or blocks a carotid artery. Signs and symptoms may include a bruit (broo- ...

222

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease?  

MedlinePLUS

... What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease? A common symptom of coronary heart disease ( ... narrow the coronary arteries. Signs and Symptoms of Heart Problems Related to Coronary Heart Disease Some people ...

223

Hypothyroidism:Symptoms,Diagnosis and Treatment | NIH Medlineplus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment Past Issues / Spring 2012 Table ... of its symptoms are seen in other diseases, hypothyroidism usually cannot be diagnosed based on symptoms alone. ...

224

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Sarcoidosis?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Sarcoidosis? Many people who have sarcoidosis have no signs ... symptom is more common in women than men. Sarcoidosis Signs and Symptoms The illustration shows the major ...

225

Feature: Post Traumatic Stres Disorder PTSD: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Feature PTSD Symptoms, Diagnosis , Treatment Past Issues / Winter 2009 Table ... Symptoms As with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), PTSD symptoms can be very subtle. "For example, some ...

226

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Heart Disease?  

MedlinePLUS

... What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Heart Disease? Some people who have diabetic heart disease (DHD) ... when it's given right after symptoms occur. Coronary Heart Disease A common symptom of coronary heart disease (CHD) ...

227

Developmental Trends of Eating Disorder Symptoms and Comorbid Internalizing Symptoms in Children and Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine when gender differences in disordered eating symptoms emerge, when correlations between disordered eating and internalizing symptoms develop, and whether the relationship between internalizing and disordered eating symptoms varies based on age and/or gender. Method We used questionnaire data from a community sample (N=424) of third, sixth, and ninth grade girls and boys. Results Gender differences in eating pathology emerge between 12 and 15 years. The relationship between anxiety symptoms and eating pathology among both genders is weak and remains constant between third and ninth grade. The relationship between depressive symptoms and eating pathology increases between third and sixth grade for boys, and sixth and ninth grade for girls. Conclusion Before age 12, prevention programs for eating disorders should be given to both genders, whereas after age 12, they should target girls. Further, providers should offer intervention for comorbid depressive symptoms by third grade for boys and sixth grade for girls. PMID:24854818

Holm-Denoma, Jill M.; Hankin, Benjamin L.; Young, Jami F.

2014-01-01

228

Psychiatric emergencies (part I): psychiatric disorders causing organic symptoms.  

PubMed

Psychiatric emergencies are conditions that mostly destabilize the already frenetic activity of the Emergency Department. Sometimes the emergency is clearly referable to primitive psychiatric illness. Other times, psychiatric and organic symptoms can independently coexist (comorbidity), or develop together in different conditions of substance abuse, including alcohol and prescription drugs. Differentiating between substance induced and pre-existing psychiatric disorder (dual diagnosis) may be difficult, other than controversial issue. Finally, an organic disease can hide behind a psychiatric disorder (pseudopsychiatric emergency). In this review (part I), psychiatric disorders that occur with organic symptoms are discussed. They include: (1) anxiety, conversion and psychosomatic disorders, and (2) simulated diseases. The physiologic mechanisms of the stress reaction, divided into a dual neuro-hormonal response, are reviewed in this section: (1) activation of the sympathetic nervous system and adrenal medulla with catecholamine production (rapid response), and (2) activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis with cortisol production (slow response). The concept of the fight-or-flight response, its adaptive significance and the potential evolution in paralyzing response, well showing by Yerkes-Dodson curve, is explained. Abnormal short- and long-term reactions to stress evolving toward well codified cluster of trauma and stressor-related disorders, including acute stress disorder, adjustment disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder, are examined. A brief review of major psychiatric disorder and related behaviour abnormalities, vegetative symptoms and cognitive impairment, according to DMS IV-TR classification, are described. Finally, the reactive psychic symptoms and behavioral responses to acute or chronic organic disease, so called "somatopsychic disorders", commonly occurring in elderly and pediatric patients, are presented. The specific conditions of post-operative and intensive care unit patients, and cancer and HIV positive population are emphasized. PMID:23436668

Testa, A; Giannuzzi, R; Sollazzo, F; Petrongolo, L; Bernardini, L; Daini, S

2013-02-01

229

Patients' descriptions of angina symptoms: a qualitative study of primary care patients  

PubMed Central

Background Initial diagnosis of angina in primary care is based on the history of symptoms as described by the patient in consultation with their GP. Deciphering and categorising often complex symptom narratives, therefore, represents an ongoing challenge in the early diagnosis of angina in primary care. Aim To explore how patients with a preexisting angina diagnosis describe their symptoms. Method Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 64 males and females, identified from general practice records as having received a diagnosis of angina within the previous 5 years. Results While some patients described their angina symptoms in narratives consistent with typical anginal symptoms, others offered more complex descriptions of their angina experiences, which were less easy to classify. The latter was particularly the case for severe coronary artery disease, where some patients tended to downplay chest pain or attribute their experience to other causes. Conclusion Patients with a known diagnosis of angina do not always describe their symptoms in a way that is consistent with Diamond and Forrester’s diagnostic framework for typicality of angina. Early diagnosis of angina in primary care requires that GPs operate with a broad level of awareness of the various ways in which their patients describe their symptoms. PMID:20883622

Jones, Melvyn M; Somerville, Claire; Feder, Gene; Foster, Gill

2010-01-01

230

Symptom burden among patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC): content for a symptom index  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has multiple symptoms stemming from disease and treatments. There are few validated scales for evaluating RCC symptoms. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study of adult RCC patients was conducted from October to December 2003 to define patient-reported RCC symptomology. Participants were asked open-ended questions regarding their signs and symptoms and completed an 86-item pilot questionnaire of

Gale Harding; David Cella; Don Robinson; Parthiv J Mahadevia; Jason Clark; Dennis A Revicki

2007-01-01

231

Reviewing the Dissociative Symptoms in Patients With Schizophreniaand their Association With Positive and Negative Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Objective: The present study aimed to clarify dissociative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia and its association with negative and positive symptom of schizophrenia. Methods: Based on the 4th edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria, 80 schizophrenic subjects were randomly selected from patients who referred to the clinics of psychiatry hospital in Kerman, Iran. Eighty non-schizophrenic patients were chosen as the control group. Both groups were evaluated for dissociation symptom using the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES). Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) score was also used in the case group for determination of positive and negative symptom of schizophrenia. Results: The prevalence of dissociation symptom was 13% and 4% among schizophrenic and control groups, respectively (p = 0.02). In addition, there was a statistical significant association between DES score and positive symptom in schizophrenia (p = 0.02). Conclusion: The association between dissociative symptom and schizophrenia was significant and dissociative symptoms were associated with positive symptoms of schizophrenia. Declaration of interest: None. PMID:24995025

Ghoreishi, Abolfazl; Shajari, Zahra

2014-01-01

232

Symptom control in stem cell transplantation: a multidisciplinary palliative care team approach. Part 1: Physical symptoms.  

PubMed

Stem cell transplantation (SCT) offers a potential cure for patients with otherwise incurable benign and malignant disorders, but the arduous SCT process may cause considerable physical, social, psychological, and spiritual suffering. Relief of suffering associated with SCT begins by understanding the patient experience and the SCT culture. Symptom burden is the combined impact of all disease- or therapy-related symptoms on the patient's ability to function. In approaching symptom management, the division between physical and psychological symptoms is blurred; physical symptoms are often interrelated with the patient's emotional status and social support. Physical symptoms that frequently occur in SCT include pain, nausea, mucositis, diarrhea, and delirium. At the same time, SCT is recognized as one of the most stressful treatments in modern cancer care, resulting in psychological distress, social isolation, and role changes. Psychological symptoms include depression/ anxiety, grief/loss, demoralization, and anger. Based on our experience on an academic SCT ward for adults, we review physical, psychological, social, and spiritual symptoms during the course of SCT in a two-part series and offer an approach to their management. This month, in part I, we focus on physical symptoms linked to SCT. In a future issue, part II will highlight psychosocial concerns in SCT. PMID:20552923

Roeland, Eric; Mitchell, William; Elia, Giovanni; Thornberry, Kathryn; Herman, Heather; Cain, Julia; Atayee, Rabia; Bardwell, Wayne; von Gunten, Charles F

2010-01-01

233

Mental symptoms in patients with cardiac symptoms and normal coronary arteries  

PubMed Central

Objectives Patients with chest pain and normal coronary arteries often suffer from physical and psychological symptoms. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the incidence of mental symptoms in patients with angiographic exclusion of a coronary heart disease. Design In 253 patients with angiographic exclusion of a coronary heart disease the type and intensity of their symptoms were evaluated before and after coronary angiography. In addition, the incidence of psychopathological symptoms was quantified by standardised questionnaires such as general anxiety and depression (HADS), heart-focused anxiety (CAQ), hypochondria (Whiteley Index) and somatoform disorder (SOMS) and quality of life (SF-12). Finally, the incidence of psychological symptoms in these patients was compared to the incidence in the normal population. Results Despite the absence of a coronary artery disease, 70% of patients continue to suffer from cardiac symptoms. The incidence of general anxiety was increased by 37% in women and by 22% in men in comparison to the normal population. Heart-focused anxiety was raised by 27%. Somatoform disorder appeared 120% more often in patients after cardiac catheterisation in comparison to the normal population. In addition, the incidence of hypochondria was elevated by 68% in patients after coronary angiography compared to normal population. This increased appearance of psychological symptoms was reflected in a significantly lower quality of life (SF-12) in patients with inconspicuous coronary angiography. Conclusions Patients with cardiac symptoms and normal coronary arteries more often suffer from mental symptoms in comparison to the healthy population. PMID:25436115

Christoph, Marian; Christoph, Antje; Dannemann, Stephanie; Poitz, David; Pfluecke, Christian; Strasser, Ruth H; Wunderlich, Carsten; Koellner, Volker; Ibrahim, Karim

2014-01-01

234

Symptom onset in autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease  

PubMed Central

Objective: To identify factors influencing age at symptom onset and disease course in autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease (ADAD), and develop evidence-based criteria for predicting symptom onset in ADAD. Methods: We have collected individual-level data on ages at symptom onset and death from 387 ADAD pedigrees, compiled from 137 peer-reviewed publications, the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network (DIAN) database, and 2 large kindreds of Colombian (PSEN1 E280A) and Volga German (PSEN2 N141I) ancestry. Our combined dataset includes 3,275 individuals, of whom 1,307 were affected by ADAD with known age at symptom onset. We assessed the relative contributions of several factors in influencing age at onset, including parental age at onset, age at onset by mutation type and family, and APOE genotype and sex. We additionally performed survival analysis using data on symptom onset collected from 183 ADAD mutation carriers followed longitudinally in the DIAN Study. Results: We report summary statistics on age at onset and disease course for 174 ADAD mutations, and discover strong and highly significant (p < 10?16, r2 > 0.38) correlations between individual age at symptom onset and predicted values based on parental age at onset and mean ages at onset by mutation type and family, which persist after controlling for APOE genotype and sex. Conclusions: Significant proportions of the observed variance in age at symptom onset in ADAD can be explained by family history and mutation type, providing empirical support for use of these data to estimate onset in clinical research. PMID:24928124

Acosta-Baena, Natalia; Aisen, Paul S.; Bird, Thomas; Danek, Adrian; Fox, Nick C.; Goate, Alison; Frommelt, Peter; Ghetti, Bernardino; Langbaum, Jessica B.S.; Lopera, Francisco; Martins, Ralph; Masters, Colin L.; Mayeux, Richard P.; McDade, Eric; Moreno, Sonia; Reiman, Eric M.; Ringman, John M.; Salloway, Steve; Schofield, Peter R.; Sperling, Reisa; Tariot, Pierre N.; Xiong, Chengjie; Morris, John C.; Bateman, Randall J.

2014-01-01

235

Naturalistically Observed Conflict and Youth Asthma Symptoms.  

PubMed

Objective: To investigate the links between naturalistically observed conflict, self-reported caregiver-youth conflict, and youth asthma symptoms. Method: Fifty-four youth with asthma (age range: 10-17 years) wore the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR) for a 4-day period to assess interpersonal conflict and caregiver-youth conflict as they occur in daily life. Conflict also was assessed with baseline self-report questionnaires and daily diaries completed by youth participants and their caregivers. Asthma symptoms were assessed using daily diaries, baseline self-reports, and wheezing, as coded from the EAR. Results: EAR-observed measures of conflict were strongly associated with self-reported asthma symptoms (both baseline and daily diaries) and wheezing coded from the EAR. Further, when entered together in regression analyses, youth daily reports of negative caregiver-youth interactions and EAR-observed conflict uniquely predicted asthma symptoms; only EAR-observed conflict was associated with EAR-observed wheezing. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate the potential impact of daily conflict on youth asthma symptoms and the importance of assessing conflict as it occurs in everyday life. More broadly, they point to the importance of formulating a clear picture of family interactions outside of the lab, which is essential for understanding how family relationships "get under the skin" to affect youth health. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25222090

Tobin, Erin T; Kane, Heidi S; Saleh, Daniel J; Naar-King, Sylvie; Poowuttikul, Pavadee; Secord, Elizabeth; Pierantoni, Wayne; Simon, Valerie A; Slatcher, Richard B

2014-09-15

236

Psychological Symptoms and Insulin Sensitivity in Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Purpose Symptoms of psychological distress have been linked to low insulin sensitivity in adults; however, little is known about this relationship in pediatric samples. We therefore examined symptoms of depression and anxiety in relation to insulin sensitivity in adolescents. Methods Participants were 136 non-treatment seeking, healthy adolescents (53.2% female) of all weight strata (BMI-z = 1.08±1.08) between the ages of 12 and 18 years (M = 15.16, SD = 1.55). Adolescents completed questionnaire measures assessing depression and anxiety symptoms. Fasting blood samples for serum insulin and plasma glucose were obtained to estimate insulin sensitivity with the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI). Fat mass and fat-free mass were measured with air displacement plethysmography or dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Results Depressive symptoms were associated with higher fasting insulin and decreased insulin sensitivity even after controlling for fat mass, fat-free mass, height, age, pubertal status, race, and sex (ps < 0.01). Conclusions As has been described for adults, depressive symptoms are associated with low insulin sensitivity among healthy adolescents. Further experimental and prospective studies are required to determine the directionality of this link. PMID:19912553

Shomaker, Lauren B.; Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Young-Hyman, Deborah; Han, Joan C.; Yanoff, Lisa B.; Brady, Sheila M.; Yanovski, Susan Z.; Yanovski, Jack A.

2010-01-01

237

Natural History of Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms  

PubMed Central

The North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry is a database that contains information from over 35,000 patient volunteers on symptom severity in 11 domains commonly affected in multiple sclerosis (MS): mobility, hand function, vision, fatigue, cognition, bowel/bladder function, sensory, spasticity, pain, depression, and tremor/coordination. The Registry affords a unique opportunity to study the frequency and severity of domain-specific impairment in a contemporary, mostly treated MS cohort over the course of the disease. The objective of this work was to calculate symptom prevalence in each of the 11 domains for years 0 to 30 from symptom onset. The resulting “symptom prevalence tables” demonstrate that a majority of participants perceive at least some degree of impairment in most domains as early as the first year of disease. The severity of impairment increases with disease duration across all domains, but the patterns of disability accumulation differ. The symptom prevalence tables illustrate the magnitude of perceived impact of the disease and highlight the extent of unmet need in symptomatic management. The tables are easy to use and allow MS patients and their clinicians to compare an individual's own impairment in any of the 11 domains to that of NARCOMS participants with the same disease duration. PMID:24453777

Bacon, Tamar E.; Chamot, Eric; Salter, Amber R.; Cutter, Gary R.; Kalina, Jennifer T.; Herbert, Joseph

2013-01-01

238

Depressive symptoms in institutionalized older adults  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms among institutionalized elderly individuals and to analyze factors associated with this condition. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study involving 462 individuals aged 60 or older, residents in long stay institutions in four Brazilian municipalities. The dependent variable was assessed using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale. Poisson’s regression was used to evaluate associations with co-variables. We investigated which variables were most relevant in terms of presence of depressive symptoms within the studied context through factor analysis. RESULTS Prevalence of depressive symptoms was 48.7%. The variables associated with depressive symptoms were: regular/bad/very bad self-rated health; comorbidities; hospitalizations; and lack of friends in the institution. Five components accounted for 49.2% of total variance of the sample: functioning, social support, sensory deficiency, institutionalization and health conditions. In the factor analysis, functionality and social support were the components which explained a large part of observed variance. CONCLUSIONS A high prevalence of depressive symptoms, with significant variation in distribution, was observed. Such results emphasize the importance of health conditions and functioning for institutionalized older individuals developing depression. They also point to the importance of providing opportunities for interaction among institutionalized individuals. PMID:24897042

Santiago, Lívia Maria; Mattos, Inęs Echenique

2014-01-01

239

Do Symptoms of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Children with ADHD Symptoms Represent Comorbid Internalizing Difficulties?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Symptoms of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) are correlated with inattention and internalizing difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether symptoms of SCT reflect comorbid internalizing disorder with ADHD or a separate syndrome. Method: Using a clinical sample of youth evaluated for behavioral and learning…

Garner, Annie A.; Mrug, Sylvie; Hodgens, Bart; Patterson, Cryshelle

2013-01-01

240

Dynamic Associations between Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Adolescents' Depressive and Externalizing Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current prospective study investigated transactional relations between maternal depressive symptoms and children's depressive and externalizing symptoms. Participants included 240 children (M age = 11.86 years, SD = 0.56; 53.9% female) and their mothers who were part of a 6-year longitudinal study. Measures of maternal depression (Beck…

Kouros, Chrystyna D.; Garber, Judy

2010-01-01

241

Associations between Sleep Characteristics, Seasonal Depressive Symptoms, Lifestyle, and ADHD Symptoms in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors explored associations between ADHD symptoms, seasonal depressive symptoms, lifestyle, and health. Method: Adult ADHD patients ("n" = 202) and controls ("n" = 189) completed the ASESA questionnaire involving lifestyle, eating pattern, and physical and psychological health, and validated measures on ADHD…

Bijlenga, Denise; van der Heijden, Kristiaan B.; Breuk, Minda; van Someren, Eus J. W.; Lie, Maria E. H.; Boonstra, A. Marije; Swaab, Hanna J. T.; Kooij, J. J. Sandra

2013-01-01

242

Symptom Management in Metastatic Breast Cancer  

PubMed Central

Approximately 40,000 women die as a result of breast cancer each year and many more live with advanced disease. When breast cancer recurs, the goals of treatment often shift from one of cure to controlling the disease for as long as possible while palliating symptoms interfering with the patient's functional status and quality of life. This requires ongoing discussions with the patient and family about the goals of care. Many symptoms depend on the site of metastasis, with bone being the most frequent, and commonly occur with fatigue, depression, insomnia, and pain. The purpose of this paper is to identify and provide an overview of the management of the most common symptoms in patients with breast cancer metastases. PMID:21880861

Irvin, William; Muss, Hyman B.

2011-01-01

243

Influence of aeroionotherapy on some psychiatric symptoms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Negative aeroionotherapy (daily 15 50 min sittings, for 10 30 days) was applied in 112 patients with various psychiatric disorders, especially neuroses, with the aim of ameliorating certain symptoms (target symptoms). Corona and water air ion generators, as well as electro-aerosol generators, were used. The aeroionization (small air ion concentration), at the patient's respiration level, was moderate: n-=10,000 15,000/ml air; n+s?1,000/ml air; q=n+/n-?0.1. In most treated patients a diminution or even the disappearance of the target symptoms was obtained. Those obviously ameliorated under the influence of aeroionotherapy were: asthenia, depressive reactions, anxiety, irascibility, cephalea, insomnia, and general indisposition.

Deleanu, M.; Stamatiu, C.

1985-03-01

244

Eating disorder symptom trajectories in adolescence: effects of time, participant sex, and early adolescent depressive symptoms  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescence is a period of developmental risk for eating disorders and eating disorder symptoms. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and trajectory of five core eating disorder behaviours (binge eating, purging, fasting, following strict dietary rules, and hard exercise for weight control) and a continuous index of dietary restraint and eating, weight and shape concerns, in a cohort of male and female adolescents followed from 14 to 20 years. It also aimed to determine the effect of early adolescent depressive symptoms on the prevalence and trajectory of these different eating disorder symptoms. Participants (N?=?1,383; 49% male) were drawn from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, a prospective cohort study that has followed participants from pre-birth to age 20 years. An adapted version of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire was used to assess eating disorder symptoms at ages 14, 17 and 20 years. The Beck Depression Inventory for Youth was used to assess depressive symptoms at age 14. Longitudinal changes in the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms were tested using generalised estimating equations and linear mixed models. Results Symptom trajectories varied according to the eating disorder symptom studied, participant sex, and the presence of depressive symptoms in early adolescence. For males, eating disorder symptoms tended to be stable (for purging, fasting and hard exercise) or decreasing (for binge eating and global symptom scores) from 14 to 17 years, and then stable to 20 years. For females, fasting and global symptom scores increased from age 14 to peak in prevalence at age 17. Rates of binge eating in females were stable from age 14 to age 17 and increased significantly thereafter, whilst rates of purging and hard exercise increased from age 14 to age 17, and then remained elevated through to age 20. Depressive symptoms at age 14 impacted on eating disorder symptom trajectories in females, but not in males. Conclusions Prevention, screening and intervention initiatives for adolescent eating disorders need to be tailored to gender and age. Purging behaviour appears to be an important target for work with early to middle adolescent females. PMID:24999411

2013-01-01

245

Symptom variability in COPD: a narrative review.  

PubMed

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has traditionally been considered an inexorably progressive disease, associated with a constant increase of symptoms that occur as the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) worsens, only intermittently interrupted by exacerbations. However, this paradigm has been challenged in recent decades by the available evidence. Recent studies have pointed out that COPD-related symptoms are not consistently perceived by patients in the same way, showing not only seasonal variation, but also changes in symptom perception during a week or even within a single day. According to the available data, patients experience the biggest increase in respiratory symptoms during the first hours of the early morning, followed by the nighttime. This variation over time is of considerable importance, since it impacts on daily life activities and health-related quality of life, as measured by a recently developed ad hoc questionnaire. Additionally, recent clinical trials have suggested that the use of rapid-onset long-acting bronchodilators may have an impact on morning symptoms, despite their current use as maintenance treatment for a determined period. Although this hypothesis is to be validated in future long-term clinical trials comparing fast-onset versus slow-onset inhaled drugs in COPD, it may bring forward a new concept of long-term bronchodilator therapy. At the present time, the two available long-acting, fast-onset bronchodilators used in the treatment of COPD are formoterol and the recently marketed indacaterol. Newer drugs have also been shown to have a rapid onset of action in preclinical studies. Health care professionals caring for COPD patients should consider this variation in the perception of symptoms during their clinical interview as a potential new target in the long-term treatment plan. PMID:23687444

Lopez-Campos, Jose Luis; Calero, Carmen; Quintana-Gallego, Esther

2013-01-01

246

Symptom variability in COPD: a narrative review  

PubMed Central

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has traditionally been considered an inexorably progressive disease, associated with a constant increase of symptoms that occur as the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) worsens, only intermittently interrupted by exacerbations. However, this paradigm has been challenged in recent decades by the available evidence. Recent studies have pointed out that COPD-related symptoms are not consistently perceived by patients in the same way, showing not only seasonal variation, but also changes in symptom perception during a week or even within a single day. According to the available data, patients experience the biggest increase in respiratory symptoms during the first hours of the early morning, followed by the nighttime. This variation over time is of considerable importance, since it impacts on daily life activities and health-related quality of life, as measured by a recently developed ad hoc questionnaire. Additionally, recent clinical trials have suggested that the use of rapid-onset long-acting bronchodilators may have an impact on morning symptoms, despite their current use as maintenance treatment for a determined period. Although this hypothesis is to be validated in future long-term clinical trials comparing fast-onset versus slow-onset inhaled drugs in COPD, it may bring forward a new concept of long-term bronchodilator therapy. At the present time, the two available long-acting, fast-onset bronchodilators used in the treatment of COPD are formoterol and the recently marketed indacaterol. Newer drugs have also been shown to have a rapid onset of action in preclinical studies. Health care professionals caring for COPD patients should consider this variation in the perception of symptoms during their clinical interview as a potential new target in the long-term treatment plan. PMID:23687444

Lopez-Campos, Jose Luis; Calero, Carmen; Quintana-Gallego, Esther

2013-01-01

247

Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Patients with Aortic Aneurysms  

PubMed Central

Background Emerging evidence suggests that vascular disease confers vulnerability to a late-onset of depressive illness and the impairment of specific cognitive functions, most notably in the domains of memory storage and retrieval. Lower limb athero-thrombosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) have both been previously associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms possibly due to associated intracerebral vascular disease or systemic inflammation, hence suggesting that these illnesses may be regarded as models to investigate the vascular genesis of neuropsychiatric symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare neuropsychiatric symptoms such as depression, anxiety and a variety of cognitive domains in patients who had symptoms of peripheral athero-thrombosis (intermittent claudication) and those who had an asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm AAA. Methodology/Principal Findings In a cross-sectional study, 26 participants with either intermittent claudication or AAA were assessed using a detailed neuropsychiatric assessment battery for various cognitive domains and depression and anxiety symptoms (Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Scales). Student t test and linear regression analyses were applied to compare neuropsychiatric symptoms between patient groups. AAA participants showed greater levels of cognitive impairment in the domains of immediate and delayed memory as compared to patients who had intermittent claudication. Cognitive dysfunction was best predicted by increasing aortic diameter. CRP was positively related to AAA diameter, but not to cognitive function. AAA and aortic diameter in particular were associated with cognitive dysfunction in this study. Conclusions/Significance AAA patients are at a higher risk for cognitive impairment than intermittent claudication patients. Validation of this finding is required in a larger study, but if confirmed could suggest that systemic factors peculiar to AAA may impact on cognitive function. PMID:21799922

Baune, Bernhard T.; Unwin, Steven J.; Quirk, Frances; Golledge, Jonathan

2011-01-01

248

Cytokines, neurophysiology, neuropsychology, and psychiatric symptoms.  

PubMed Central

Recent research has overcome the old paradigms of the brain as an immunologically privileged organ, and of the exclusive role of neurotransmitters and neuropeptides as signal transducers in the central nervous system. Growing evidence suggests that the signal proteins of the immune system - the cytokines - are also involved in modulation of behavior and induction of psychiatric symptoms. This article gives an overview on the nature of cytokines and the proposed mechanisms of immune-to-brain interaction. The role of cytokines in psychiatric symptoms, syndromes, and disorders like sickness behavior, major depression, and schizophrenia are discussed together with recent immunogenetic findings. PMID:22034110

Schwarz, Markus J.

2003-01-01

249

The Autonomic Symptom Profile: a new instrument to assess autonomic symptoms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

OBJECTIVE: To develop a new specific instrument called the Autonomic Symptom Profile to measure autonomic symptoms and test its validity. BACKGROUND: Measuring symptoms is important in the evaluation of quality of life outcomes. There is no validated, self-completed questionnaire on the symptoms of patients with autonomic disorders. METHODS: The questionnaire is 169 items concerning different aspects of autonomic symptoms. The Composite Autonomic Symptom Scale (COMPASS) with item-weighting was established; higher scores indicate more or worse symptoms. Autonomic function tests were performed to generate the Composite Autonomic Scoring Scale (CASS) and to quantify autonomic deficits. We compared the results of the COMPASS with the CASS derived from the Autonomic Reflex Screen to evaluate validity. RESULTS: The instrument was tested in 41 healthy controls (mean age 46.6 years), 33 patients with nonautonomic peripheral neuropathies (mean age 59.5 years), and 39 patients with autonomic failure (mean age 61.1 years). COMPASS scores correlated well with the CASS, demonstrating an acceptable level of content and criterion validity. The mean (+/-SD) overall COMPASS score was 9.8 (+/-9) in controls, 25.9 (+/-17.9) in the patients with nonautonomic peripheral neuropathies, and 52.3 (+/-24.2) in the autonomic failure group. Scores of symptoms of orthostatic intolerance and secretomotor dysfunction best predicted the CASS on multiple stepwise regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a questionnaire that measures autonomic symptoms and present evidence for its validity. The instrument shows promise in assessing autonomic symptoms in clinical trials and epidemiologic studies.

Suarez, G. A.; Opfer-Gehrking, T. L.; Offord, K. P.; Atkinson, E. J.; O'Brien, P. C.; Low, P. A.

1999-01-01

250

Psychological Symptoms, Smoking Lapse Behavior, and the Mediating Effects of Nicotine Withdrawal Symptoms: A Laboratory Study  

PubMed Central

The influence of psychological symptoms on smoking-lapse behavior is critical to understand. However, this relationship is obscured by comorbidity across multiple forms of psychological symptoms and their overlap with nicotine withdrawal. To address these challenges, we constructed a structural model of latent factors underlying 9 manifest scales of affective and behavioral symptoms and tested relations between latent factors and manifest scale residuals with nicotine withdrawal and smoking lapse in a laboratory analog task. Adult daily smokers (N = 286) completed a baseline session at which several forms of affective and behavioral symptoms were assessed and 2 experimental sessions (i.e., following 16 hr of smoking abstinence and following regular smoking), during which withdrawal symptoms and delay of smoking in exchange for monetary reinforcement, as an analogue for lapse propensity, were measured. A single second-order factor of general psychological maladjustment associated with more severe withdrawal-like symptoms, which in turn associated with shorter delay of smoking. The first-order factors, which tapped qualitatively unique domains of psychological symptoms (low positive affect, negative affect, disinhibition), and the manifest scale residuals provided little predictive power beyond the second-order factor with regard to lapse behavior. Relations among general psychological maladjustment, withdrawal-like symptoms, and lapse were significant in both abstinent and nonabstinent conditions, suggesting that psychological maladjustment, and not nicotine withdrawal per se, accounted for the relation with lapse. These results highlight the potential for smoking-cessation strategies that target general psychological maladjustment processes and have implications for addressing withdrawal-like symptoms among individuals with psychological symptoms. PMID:25243836

Ameringer, Katherine J.; Leventhal, Adam M.

2015-01-01

251

Symptom prevalence, characteristics and distress in a cancer population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of symptom control in the cancer population, few studies have systematically assessed the prevalence and characteristics of symptoms or the interactions between various symptom characteristics and other factors related to quality of life (QOL). As part of a validation study of a new symptom assessment instrument, inpatients and out-patients with prostate, colon, breast or ovarian cancer were

R. K. Portenoy; H. T. Thaler; A. B. Kornblith; J. McCarthy Lepore; H. Friedlander-Klar; N. Coyle; T. Smart-Curley; N. Kemeny; L. Norton; W. Hoskins; H. Scher

1994-01-01

252

Correlates of dissociative symptoms among women with eating disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the relationship between dissociative symptoms and other Axis I and Axis II symptoms among a sample of 53 women diagnosed as having anorexia nervosa (n = 18), bulimia nervosa (n = 27), or eating disorder NOS (n = 8). Dissociative symptoms were measured by the Dissociative Experiences Scale and the dissociation scale from the Trauma Symptom Checklist-40. Severity

David H. Gleaves; Kathleen P. Eberenz

1995-01-01

253

Smoking withdrawal symptoms in two weeks of abstinence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to study trends in smoking withdrawal symptoms, 35 participants in a smoking cessation clinic completed four questionnaires daily for 2 weeks. The questionnaire dealt with a variety of symptoms which a factor analysis showed could be grouped into four factors: stimulation, desire to smoke, and physical and psychological symptoms. Changes were observed in reports of symptoms over days.

Saul M. Shiffman; Murray E. Jarvik

1976-01-01

254

Gambling Problem Symptom Patterns and Stability Across Individual and Timeframe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies investigate gambling problems at the symptom level; even fewer investigate how symptom patterns change throughout the course of a gambling disorder. The current study utilized the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC; Grant et al., 2004) to investigate how the specific symptoms of disordered gambling relate to its severity and course. Results demonstrated that symptom

Sarah E. Nelson; Line Gebauer; Richard A. LaBrie; Howard J. Shaffer

2009-01-01

255

Preliminary study of pneumonia symptoms detection method using Cellular Neural Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical diagnosis is one of the most important procedure in which image processing are usefully applied. In this paper, a pneumonia symptoms detection method based on cellular neural networks (CNNs) is proposed. The CNN design is characterized by a virtual template expansion obtained through a multistep operation. It is based on linear space invariant 3 x 3 templates. The proposed

Azian Azamimi Abdullah; Yoshifumi Nishio

2011-01-01

256

Social support, coping, life events, and posttraumatic stress symptoms among former peacekeepers: a prospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined both cross-sectionally and longitudinally the relationship between social support, coping strategies, additional stressful life events, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Dutch former peacekeeping soldiers. Two groups of peacekeepers were investigated: 311 peacekeepers who participated in the peacekeeping operation in Lebanon between 1979 and 1985, and 499 peacekeepers who were deployed after 1990. These peacekeepers

ANJA J. E. DIRKZWAGER; I. Bramsen; Henk M van der Ploeg

2003-01-01

257

Linkage mapping of Hsa-1(Og), a resistance gene of African rice to the cyst nematode, Heterodera sacchari.  

PubMed

Inheritance of resistance to cyst nematode (Heterodera sacchari) in Oryza sativa was investigated by inoculation tests with isolate 244 from Congo in segregating populations derived from hybridisation between O. sativa and its African sister cultivated species, O. glaberrima. We found that the resistance was controlled by one major gene, Hsa-1(Og), with codominance of susceptible and resistant alleles. To map Hsa-1(Og) on the rice genome, we pooled the data obtained from segregation of the resistance trait and microsatellite markers in three kinds of progeny: BC(1)F(3), BC(1)F(4), and pseudo-F(2) populations. Hsa-1(Og) was unambiguously located between Cornell University's RM206 and RM254 markers on chromosome 11. Two additional microsatellite markers derived from Monsanto publicly available sequences were found to be tightly linked to the Hsa-1(Og) gene. It is possible that numerous plant resistances to a pathogen in fact exhibit a codominant inheritance, possibly explaining misleading conclusions in several reports on resistance segregation. PMID:12721640

Lorieux, M; Reversat, G; Garcia Diaz, S X; Denance, C; Jouvenet, N; Orieux, Y; Bourger, N; Pando-Bahuon, A; Ghesquičre, A

2003-08-01

258

Opgave 1 (20%) Et polynomium i variablen x kan beskrives med f#lgende typer Expr og  

E-print Network

skal vi vise korrekthed af en algoritme, der udf#rer denne beregning. I det f#lgende lader vi p # q, hvilket betyder, at S 1 og S 2 gerne m# #del#gges under udf#relsen. b) Forklar, hvorledes man med lethed

Brodal, Gerth Stølting

259

SQUID DETECTION OF EPR IN DILUTE CMN* R.V.Chamberlin, L.A. Moberly and O.G. Symko  

E-print Network

SQUID DETECTION OF EPR IN DILUTE CMN* R.V.Chamberlin, L.A. Moberly and O.G. Symko Dept. of Physios, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, U.S.A. Abstract.- We demonstrate the applicability of SQUID-lattice relaxation times. The very high sensitivity of a SQUID magne- tometer makes it an ideal instrument for every

Boyer, Edmond

260

Transient Neurologic Symptoms After Spinal Anesthesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

- We recently reported several cases consistent with tran- sient radicular irritation after spinal anesthesia with hy- perbaric 5% lidocaine. The present prospective, blind, nonrandomized study was performed to determine the incidence of these transient neurologic symptoms and to identify factors that might be associated with their occurrence. We studied 270 patients scheduled for gy- necologic or obstetric procedures under

Karl F. Hampl; Markus C. Schneider; Wolfgang Ummenhofer; Jurgen Drewe

1995-01-01

261

Prodromal Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenic Relapse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing evidence that decompensation into acute psychosis by schizophrenics can often be avoided with active pharmacological and psychosocial intervention at the early signs of relapse has stimulated research into the signs and symptoms prodromal to acute psychosis. In this study, 6-week periods prior to 17 psychotic relapses and to 11 relapses…

Subotnik, Kenneth L.; Nuechterlein, Keith H.

262

Psychiatric Symptoms in Alpha-Mannosidosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alpha-mannosidosis is characterized by mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID), moderate to severe neurosensory hearing loss, frequent infections, psychomotor disturbances and skeletal dysmorphism. For the first time, a panel of nine alpha-mannosidosis patients with psychiatric symptoms is presented. The clinical picture has several…

Malm, D.; Pantel, J.; Linaker, O. M.

2005-01-01

263

Symptoms and treatment of hydrogen fluoride injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accidents with hydrogen fluoride are causes of the most hazardous injuries in laboratories. The effects of HF on human tissues are substantially different from those of ordinary acids. Therefore, the paper deals with the symptoms, first-aid and medical treatment of lesions caused by skin contact, inhalation or ingestion of HF. Furthermore, selected cases of accidents with hydrogen fluoride are reported

D. Peters; R. Miethchen

1996-01-01

264

Oral contraceptives, sociocultural beliefs and psychiatric symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurence of psychiatric symptoms as detected by the General Health Questionnaire was examined in three groups of Moslem women. Those who used oral contraceptives were compared to those who used local contraceptives and those using no contraceptives in relation to their beliefs about prohibition of contraception by the Islamic religious code and\\/or about possible health hazards of contraception. Those

M. Fakhr El-Islam; Taha H. Malasi; Sanaa I. Abu-Dagga

1988-01-01

265

Symptom onset and involution of delusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fate of delusions was studied in schizophrenics and other paranoid psychotics with a view to determining the relation between the outcome of delusions and mode of onset and the variables affecting both. Involution of delusions may be effected through their disappearance into the system of socially shared delusory cultural beliefs or their metamorphosis into less sinister symptoms e. g.

M. Fakhr El-Islam; Arabian Gulf

1980-01-01

266

Painless Legs and Moving Toes: Symptom Reduction  

E-print Network

, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and rheumatoid factor, were within normal limits. Anti- nuclear antibodies MSA MSA Minimal change MSA Additional pathology No Pathological aging No No Smoking Ex-smoker Never smoked Ex-smoker Never smoked Disease duration (y) 9 8 8 5.1 First symptom Erectile dysfunction Tremor

267

Psychiatric Symptoms in Children with Primary Headache  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the association of psychiatric symptoms with migraine and tension-type headache in children. Method: A questionnaire completed by 1,135 Finnish children in the sixth grade identified 154 children with migraine, 138 with tension-type headache, and 407 children who were headache-free. Seventy children were randomly selected…

Anttila, Pirjo; Sourander, Andre; Metsahonkala, Liisa; Aromaa, Minna; Helenius, Hans; Sillanpaa, Matti

2004-01-01

268

PUZZLING SYMPTOMS: EATING DISORDERS AND THE BRAIN  

E-print Network

PUZZLING SYMPTOMS: EATING DISORDERS AND THE BRAIN A FAMILY GUIDE TO THE NEUROBIOLOGY OF EATING TO DO WITH THE BRAIN? Although people with eating disorders struggle to eat normally, this is only now believe that part of the problem has to do with how our brains process information about

Squire, Larry R.

269

Animal models of drug withdrawal symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been few attempts to model subjective symptoms of drug withdrawal using animals as subjects. Two approaches for developing such models are reviewed. First, using drug discrimination methodology, it may be possible to train animals to detect the effects of withdrawal. This method has two difficulties: 1) the only discriminations trained to date involve precipitated withdrawal, and 2) the

M. W. Emmett-Oglesby; D. A. Mathis; R. T. Y. Moon; H. Lal

1990-01-01

270

Current pharmacologic treatment of multiple sclerosis symptoms.  

PubMed Central

About 350,000 persons in the United States have multiple sclerosis, and primary care physicians are often called on to provide symptomatic therapy for these patients. We review our current pharmacologic approach to the management of multiple sclerosis exacerbations and the symptoms of spasticity, fatigue, bladder and bowel involvement, neurobehavioral complaints, pain syndromes, dystonic spasms, and tremor and ataxia. PMID:8993211

Andersson, P B; Goodkin, D E

1996-01-01

271

Autism and ADHD: Overlapping and Discriminating Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with ADHD and autism have some similar features, complicating a differential diagnosis. The purpose of our study was to determine the degree to which core ADHD and autistic symptoms overlap in and discriminate between children 2-16 years of age with autism and ADHD. Our study demonstrated that 847 children with autism were easily…

Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L.; Mayes, Rebecca D.; Molitoris, Sarah

2012-01-01

272

Anorexia Nervosa: Its Symptoms and Possible Cures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a definition and description of anorexia nervosa as a disorder that occurs predominantly in girls and that can affect 1 out of every 250 girls between the ages of 12 and 18 years. The existence of a distorted mental body image among anorexics is discussed and symptoms of the disorder are described, including amenorrhea…

Bingaman, David E.

273

Do thinking patterns predict depressive symptoms?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates whether depressive symptomatology is related to the persistence, during recent symptomatic remission, of either dysfunctional attitudes, as hypothesized by Beck's cognitive theory of depression, or attributional biases, as predicted by Seligman's reformulated learned helplessness theory. Biased attributions did not relate either to the course of the depressive disorder or to symptom severity 6 months later. However, consistent

A. John Rush; Jan Weissenburger; Greg Eaves

1986-01-01

274

Pink Eye Conjunctivitis Definition, Symptoms and Causes  

E-print Network

Pink Eye ­ Conjunctivitis Definition, Symptoms and Causes Pink eye is the common name given to inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. It is otherwise called conjunctivitis. The conjunctiva is the transparent membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the whites of the eyes. Very small, superficial blood

Suzuki, Masatsugu

275

Symptom Concerns of Women with Ovarian Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the symptom experience of women with ovarian cancer. A body of data consisting of 21,806 letters, cards, and e-mails written by ovarian cancer patients was donated to the City of Hope investigators by the founder and editor of Conversations!: The International Newsletter for Those Fighting Ovarian Cancer. Using ethnographic qualitative research procedures, meaningful comments in the data

Betty Ferrell; Stephany Smith; Carey Cullinane; Cindy Melancon

2003-01-01

276

Perfectionism Affects Change in Psychological Symptoms.  

PubMed

The primary goal of this study was to examine how perfectionism affects psychological symptoms during the course of treatment. We examined session-by-session symptom changes in a sample of 105 adult clients who presented for counseling at a psychology training clinic housed at a large Midwestern university in the United States. Using a recently developed measure of perfectionism (Short Almost Perfect Scale [SAPS]) that possesses good psychometric features, we were able to investigate effects of both maladaptive (high self-criticism) and adaptive (high standards with low self-criticism) perfectionistic characteristics on indicators of personal and interpersonal psychological distress across time. Multilevel modeling analyses indicated that both symptomatic distress and interpersonal problems improved over the course of therapy. Maladaptive perfectionism was associated with higher levels of interpersonal problems and distress at the outset of therapy, and related differentially to change patterns in symptom distress and interpersonal problems over the course of treatment. Maladaptive perfectionism, however, was not related to level of symptoms at the end of therapy. Adaptive perfectionistic characteristics were associated with fewer interpersonal problems at the beginning and end of therapy. Results suggest the value of assessing perfectionistic characteristics at the onset of treatment, even for clients not presenting with obvious concerns linked to such individual differences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24866970

Rice, Kenneth G; Sauer, Eric M; Richardson, Clarissa M E; Roberts, Kristin E; Garrison, Angela M

2014-05-26

277

Sleep disorders as core symptoms of depression.  

PubMed

Links between sleep and depression are strong. About three quarters of depressed patients have insomnia symptoms, and hypersomnia is present in about 40% of young depressed adults and 10% of older patients, with a preponderance in females. The symptoms cause huge distress, have a major impact on quality of life, and are a strong risk factor for suicide. As well as the subjective experience of sleep symptoms, there are well-documented changes in objective sleep architecture in depression. Mechanisms of sleep regulation and how they might be disturbed in depression are discussed. The sleep symptoms are often unresolved by treatment, and confer a greater risk of relapse and recurrence. Epidemiological studies have pointed out that insomnia in nondepressed subjects is a risk factor for later development of depression. There is therefore a need for more successful management of sleep disturbance in depression, in order to improve quality of life in these patients and reduce an important factor in depressive relapse and recurrence. PMID:18979946

Nutt, David; Wilson, Sue; Paterson, Louise

2008-01-01

278

Body Image Change and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the temporal association between body image and depressive symptoms in African American, Asian American, Hispanic American, and white adolescents. Found that girls were more influenced by body image change than boys. Compared to other ethnic groups, African American girls experienced a greater increase in psychological distress as body…

Siegel, Judith M.

2002-01-01

279

Does Early Adolescent Sex Cause Depressive Symptoms?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent study by the Heritage Foundation (Rector, Johnson, & Noyes, 2003) found evidence of a positive relationship between early sexual intercourse and depressive symptoms. This finding has been used to bolster support for funding abstinence only sex education. However, promoting abstinence will only yield mental health benefits if there is a…

Sabia, Joseph J.

2006-01-01

280

FLU ALERT SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT Spring 2014  

E-print Network

, Sensitivity to light Aching muscles/joints ­ back, shoulder, limbs General Sick Feeling ­ tired, loss). Drink lots of fluids such as juices, water, carbonated beverages or tea ANTIBIOTICS ARE NOT EFFECTIVE! Cough syrup if coughing interferes with sleep You are most contagious from the day before your symptoms

Rhode Island, University of

281

Political Ideology and Psychological Symptoms Following Terror  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the associations between political ideology and level of psychological symptoms in youth exposed to terror attacks. The study included 2,999 7th to 10th graders from various parts of Israel. Political ideology was examined in two ways: (a) as a content dimension: "political stand"--holding right, centrist, or left wing views…

Laufer, Avital; Solomon, Zahava

2010-01-01

282

Emotion Regulation and Depressive Symptoms in Preadolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations among several measures of emotion regulation, and their links to depressive symptoms, in a sample of children ages 10-12 years old (N = 87). Both temporal features of emotion regulation and regulation processes involved in the evaluation, monitoring, and modification of emotion were assessed through parent and…

Siener, Shannon; Kerns, Kathryn A.

2012-01-01

283

Neuropsychological Correlates of Early Symptoms of Autism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined performance on neuropsychological tests (tapping the medial temporal lobe and related limbic structures, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, respectively) in relation to performance on tasks assessing autistic symptoms in young children with autism, and developmentally matched children with Down syndrome or typical development.…

Dawson, Geraldine; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Osterling, Julie; Rinaldi, Julie

1998-01-01

284

What Are the Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis?  

MedlinePLUS

... How many people are affected/at risk? What causes it? How is it diagnosed? Is there a cure? What are the treatments? Other FAQs NICHD Research Information Clinical Trials Resources and Publications What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: ...

285

Behavioral symptoms related to cognitive impairment  

PubMed Central

Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) are core features of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. On one hand, behavioral symptoms in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) can indicate an increased risk of progressing to dementia. On the other hand, mild behavioral impairment (MBI) in patients who usually have normal cognition indicates an increased risk of developing dementia. Whatever the cause, all dementias carry a high rate of NPI. These symptoms can be observed at any stage of the disease, may fluctuate over its course, are a leading cause of stress and overload for caregivers, and increase rates of hospitalization and early institutionalization for patients with dementia. The clinician should be able to promptly recognize NPI through the use of instruments capable of measuring their frequency and severity to support diagnosis, and to help monitor the treatment of behavioral symptoms. The aims of this review are to describe and update the construct ‘MBI’ and to revise the reported NPS related to prodromal stages of dementia (MCI and MBI) and dementia stages of Alzheimer’s disease and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. PMID:24092982

Dillon, Carol; Serrano, Cecilia M; Castro, Diego; Leguizamón, Patricio Perez; Heisecke, Silvina L; Taragano, Fernando E

2013-01-01

286

Children's Peer Victimization, Empathy, and Emotional Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the concurrent and longitudinal relations among children's peer victimization, empathy, and emotional symptoms. The sample consisted of 175 children (85 girls, mean age = 6.1 years) recruited from kindergartens in Switzerland and followed for 1 year (Time 2). Parents and teachers reported on the children's emotional…

Malti, Tina; Perren, Sonja; Buchmann, Marlis

2010-01-01

287

Experimental investigation of the effects of naturalistic dieting on bulimic symptoms: moderating effects of depressive symptoms.  

PubMed

Prospective studies suggest that dieting increases risk for bulimic symptoms, but experimental trials indicate dieting reduces bulimic symptoms. However, these experiments may be unrepresentative of real-world weight loss dieting. In addition, the fact that most dieters do not develop eating disorders suggests moderating factors may be important. Accordingly, we randomly assigned 157 female intermittent dieters to either diet as they usually do for weight loss or eat as they normally do when not dieting for 4 weeks. Naturalistic dieting halted the weight gain shown by controls, but did not result in significant weight loss. Although there was no main effect of the dieting manipulation on bulimic symptoms, moderation analyses indicated that naturalistic dieting decreased bulimic symptoms among participants with initially low depressive symptoms. Results suggest that self-initiated weight loss dieting is not particularly effective, which appears to explain several discrepancies in the literature. Additionally, depressive symptoms may be an important determinant of bulimic symptoms that eclipses the effects of naturalistic dieting on this outcome. PMID:17662503

Presnell, Katherine; Stice, Eric; Tristan, Jennifer

2008-01-01

288

Symptom Dimensions and Functional Impairment in Early Psychosis: More to the Story than Just Negative Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Functional impairment is a defining feature of psychotic disorders and usually appears well before their onset. Negative symptoms play a prominent role in the impaired functioning of individuals with schizophrenia and those at clinical-high-risk (CHR) for psychosis. Despite high rates of depression and anxiety in early psychosis, few studies have examined the contribution of these symptoms to functioning in the putative ‘prodrome.’ In the current study, we tested the hypotheses that 1) worse negative and disorganized, but not positive, symptoms would be significantly related to impaired social and role functioning in two cohorts of CHR individuals (combined N = 98) and a separate sample of individuals with recent-onset (RO) psychotic disorders (N = 88); and 2) worse anxiety and depression would be significantly related to impaired functioning in both samples, above and beyond the contributions of negative and disorganized symptoms. Findings largely supported our hypotheses that more severe negative and disorganized symptoms were related to poorer social and role functioning in both samples. Anxiety and depression severity were significantly related to poorer functioning in both samples. In addition, depression, but not anxiety, predicted poorer global and social functioning above and beyond that explained by negative symptoms in the CHR sample. These results suggest the need for phase-specific treatment in early psychosis, with a focus on symptom dimensions to improve functional outcomes for CHR individuals. PMID:23587696

Fulford, Daniel; Niendam, Tara A.; Floyd, Erin G.; Carter, Cameron S.; Mathalon, Daniel H.; Vinogradov, Sophia; Stuart, Barbara K.; Loewy, Rachel L.

2013-01-01

289

Respiratory symptoms and sensitization in bread and cake bakers.  

PubMed

This purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between exposure to wheat flour, soya flour and fungal amylase and the development of work-related symptoms and sensitization in bread and cake bakery employees who have regular exposure to these substances. The study populations consisted of 394 bread bakery workers and 77 cake bakery workers whose normal jobs involved the sieving, weighing and mixing of ingredients. The groups were interviewed with the aim of identifying the prevalence, nature and pattern of any work-related respiratory symptoms. They were also skin-prick tested against the common bakery sensitizing agents, i.e., wheat flour, soya flour, rice flour and fungal amylase. The results of personal sampling for sieving, weighing and mixing operations at the bakeries from which the study groups were taken were collated in order to determine typical exposures to total inhalable dust from the ingredients, expressed as 8 hour time-weighted average exposures. Data from the health surveillance and collated dust measurements were compared with the aim of establishing an exposure-response relationship for sensitization. The prevalence of work-related symptoms in bread bakery and cake bakery ingredient handlers was 20.4% and 10.4% respectively. However, in a large proportion of those reporting symptoms in connection with work, the symptoms were intermittent and of short duration. It is considered that the aetiology of such symptoms is likely to be due to a non-specific irritant effect of high total dust levels, rather than allergy. None of the cake bakers and only 3.1% of the bread bakers had symptoms which were thought to be due to allergy to baking ingredients. Using skin-prick testing as a marker of sensitization, the prevalence of positive tests to wheat flour was 6% for the bread bakers and 3% for the cake bakers. Comparable prevalences for soya flour were 7% and 1% respectively. However, the prevalence of positive skin-prick tests to fungal amylase was 16% amongst the bread baking group with only a single employee (1%) in the cake baking group having a positive test. Furthermore, this employee had previously worked in a bread bakery. The difference in rates of sensitization to wheat flour between the bread and cake bakers is not statistically significant, whereas the difference for soya flour is at the borderline of statistical significance (p = 0.045). In contrast, the difference in fungal amylase sensitization is significant at the 0.1% level. For both bread and cake bakers, the 8 hour time-weighted average exposures for each of the activities showed a wide variation with mixing having the lowest average exposure and sieving the highest. Out of the allergens studied in this investigation, fungal amylase is the principal sensitizer in large scale bread bakeries, with the main source of exposure being the handling of bread improvers. In contrast, the risk of sensitization to wheat flour is low in both bread and cake bakeries. The absence of positive skin-prick tests in the subgroup of cake bakery employees who regularly handle fungal-amylase-containing flour suggests that their levels of exposure are below the threshold for sensitization to amylase. PMID:9876416

Smith, T A; Smith, P W

1998-07-01

290

Functional Impairments as Symptoms in the Symptom Cluster Analysis of Patients Newly Diagnosed With Advanced Cancer  

PubMed Central

Context Symptoms and subsequent functional impairment have been associated with the biological processes of a disease, including the interaction between the disease and treatment in a measurement model of symptoms. However, hitherto cluster analysis has primarily focused on symptoms. Objectives This study among patients within 100 days of diagnosis with advanced cancer explored whether self-reported physical symptoms and functional impairments formed clusters at the time of diagnosis. Methods We applied the cluster analysis to self-reported symptoms and activities of daily living of 111 patients newly diagnosed with advanced gastrointestinal (GI), gynecological, head and neck, and lung cancers. Based on the content, expert evaluations, the best techniques, variables were identified, yielding the best solution. Results The best cluster solution used a K-means algorithm and cosine similarity and yielded five clusters of physical as well as emotional symptoms and functional impairments. Cancer site formed the predominant organizing principle of composition for each cluster. The top five symptoms and functional impairments in each cluster were Cluster 1 (GI): outlook, insomnia, appearance, concentration, and eating/feeding; Cluster 2 (GI): appetite, bowel, insomnia, eating/feeding, and appearance; Cluster 3 (gynecological): nausea, insomnia, eating/feeding, concentration, and pain; Cluster 4 (head and neck): dressing, eating/feeding, bathing, toileting, and walking; and Cluster 5 (lung): cough, walking, eating/feeding, breathing, and insomnia. Conclusion Functional impairments in patients newly diagnosed with late-stage cancers behave as symptoms during the diagnostic phase. Health care providers need to expand their assessments to include both symptoms and functional impairments. Early recognition of the functional changes may accelerate diagnosis at an earlier cancer stage. PMID:23380336

Fodeh, Samah J.; Lazenby, Mark; Bai, Mei; Ercolano, Elizabeth; Murphy, Terrence; McCorkle, Ruth

2015-01-01

291

The Relation between Insomnia Symptoms, Mood, and Rumination about Insomnia Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: Research suggests that rumination may play an important role in insomnia. Whereas some have suggested that rumination mainly relates to depression, the evidence suggests that there may be insomnia-specific rumination. This paper explores insomnia symptom rumination across two distinct samples of varying levels of depressed mood and insomnia symptom severity. Methods: The first sample consisted of nonclinical participants (N = 327) with a range of insomnia and depressed mood symptoms, and the second sample consisted of those who met both Major Depressive Disorder and Insomnia diagnoses (N = 66). Rather than relying on a measure developed for those with depression, we developed and tested an insomnia-specific measurement scale based on items from previous rumination studies and the addition of items derived from common daytime insomnia symptoms. Results: Internal consistency was highly acceptable across the two samples for the new insomnia-specific rumination measure (Cronbach ? was 0.93 and 0.94). In the first study, poor sleepers reported significantly higher levels of daytime symptom rumination than did good sleepers. Across both studies, rumination about daytime insomnia symptoms and depression were signifi-cantly correlated; however, insomnia rumination scores predicted insomnia even after controlling for depression. Moreover, in Study 2, insomnia-specific rumination was related to insomnia, but general depressive rumination was not predictive of insomnia. Conclusions: The findings provide support for the use of this insomnia-specific rumination scale; moreover the findings support previous observances regarding rumination about daytime insomnia symptoms that are not exclusive to depression. Citation: Carney CE; Harris AL; Falco A; Edinger JD. The relation between insomnia symptoms, mood, and rumination about insomnia symptoms. J Clin Sleep Med 2013;9(6):567-575. PMID:23772190

Carney, Colleen E.; Harris, Andrea L.; Falco, Ashley; Edinger, Jack D.

2013-01-01

292

A primary care Symptoms Clinic for patients with medically unexplained symptoms: pilot randomised trial  

PubMed Central

Objectives To conduct a pilot trial of a primary care Symptoms Clinic for patients with medically unexplained symptoms and evaluate recruitment and retention, and acceptability of the intervention and to estimate potential treatment effects for a full trial. Trial design Randomised parallel group pilot trial. Setting Primary care in one locality. Participants Primary care database and postal questionnaire were used to identify patients with multiple specialist referrals and multiple physical symptoms unlikely to be explained by disease. Interventions General practitioner (GP) with special interest ‘Symptoms Clinic’ + usual care versus usual care alone. The Symptoms Clinic comprised one long (1?h) and three short (20?min) appointments. Outcomes Number of patients identified and recruited; acceptability of the intervention (items from Client Satisfaction Questionnaire and interview); Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form 12 (SF-12) physical component summary. Randomisation Automated blocked randomisation accessed by telephone. Blinding None. Numbers randomized 16 to intervention and 16 to usual care alone. Recruitment 72 patients, from seven GP practices, had repeated specialist referrals and a Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-15 score of ?10 indicating a high probability of medically unexplained symptoms. 15 were ineligible and 25 declined to participate. Numbers analysed 26 patients; two patients randomised to the intervention group were incorrectly included, three patients in the intervention group and one control did not complete outcome measures. Outcome Most patients randomised to the Symptoms Clinic found the intervention acceptable: eight out of 11 reported the intervention helped them to deal with their problems. The mean difference between groups in SF-12 physical component summary, adjusted for baseline, was 3.8 points (SD 6). Harms No observed harms. Conclusions Patients with multiple medically unexplained symptoms can be systematically identified in primary care; a randomised trial comparing the Symptoms Clinic with usual care is feasible and has the potential to show clinically meaningful benefit. Trial registration ISRCTN63083469. PMID:22327629

Weller, David; Marsden, Wendy; Worth, Allison; Sharpe, Michael

2012-01-01

293

The differential impact of unique behavioral and psychological symptoms for the dementia caregiver: How and why do patients’ individual symptom clusters impact caregiver depressive symptoms?  

PubMed Central

Objectives The behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia (BPSD) are highly burdensome to caregivers. While BPSD consist of a wide variety of patient behaviors including depression, physical aggression and paranoid delusions, it remains unclear whether specific symptoms have a differential impact on caregivers. The aims of this study were (1) to assess how individual BPSD symptoms, categorized based on how they may affect caregivers, impact depressive symptoms for dementia patient caregivers and (2) to test the pathways by which BPSD symptom clusters impact caregiver depressive symptoms. Design Cross-sectional analysis of data from a longitudinal study of patients with Alzheimer’s disease and Dementia with Lewy Bodies. Setting Multiple U.S. dementia clinics. Participants 160 patient-caregiver dyads. Methods Using multivariate GEE logistic models, we analyzed the relationship between four BPSD symptom clusters (patient depressive symptoms, accusatory/aggressive behaviors, non-threatening psychotic symptoms, and difficult to manage behaviors) and caregiver depressive symptoms and assessed mediators of these relationships. Results Only the presence of patient depressive symptoms was associated with caregiver depression (OR=1.55; 95% CI=1.14–2.1). This relationship was mediated by both caregiver report of the symptom’s impact on the patient and perceived burden to caregivers. Conclusions Patient depressive symptoms may be the most important driver of the relationship between BPSD and caregiver depression. Research in this field should further test the effects of individual BPSD symptoms and should also consider how symptoms may negatively impact caregivers by increasing burden and evoking empathy for the patient. PMID:24206939

Ornstein, K.; Gaugler, J. E.; Devanand, D. P.; Scarmeas, N.; Zhu, C.; Stern, Y.

2012-01-01

294

Relation between personality dimensions and depressive symptoms in patients on hemodialysis.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between the presence of depressive symptoms and certain dimensions of personality in hemodialysis patients. The study included 93 subjects of both sexes, aged 24-78 years. All subjects were undergoing hemodialysis treatment for terminal stage renal insufficiency. The presence of depressive symptoms was operationally defined by the factor scores for the first principal components on the Beck Depression Inventory. Five personality dimensions were operationally defined by the factor scores for the first principal components on each of the five scales of the Big Five Inventory. The following dimensions of personality were assessed: neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. The relationship between the five dimensions of personality and the presence of depressive symptoms was analyzed by the multiple regression analysis. The results showed that personality dimensions are significantly connected with the occurrence of depressive symptoms (R = 0.729; R2 = 0.532; F (5,87) = 19.822; p = 0.000). Two partial predictors were significantly connected with depressive symptoms. They were higher degree of neuroticism (beta = 0.082, p = 0.000) and a lower degree of openness (beta = -0.235, p = 0.016). PMID:21180270

Bugarski, Vojislava; Sakac, Vladimir; Vodopivec, Slavenka; Slankamenac, Petar

2010-01-01

295

Severe thoracic spinal fracture-dislocation without neurological symptoms and costal fractures: a case report and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Introduction Only a high-energy force can cause thoracic spinal fracture-dislocation injuries, and such injuries should always be suspected in patients with polytrauma. The injury is usually accompanied by neurological symptoms. There are only a few cases of severe thoracic spinal fracture-dislocation without neurological symptoms in the literature, and until now, no case of severe thoracic spinal fracture-dislocation without neurological symptoms and without costal fractures has been reported. Case presentation A 30-year-old Han Chinese man had T6 to T7 vertebral fracture and anterolateral dislocation without neurological symptoms and costal fractures. The three-dimensional reconstruction by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging indicated the injuries in detail. A patient with thoracic spinal fracture-dislocation without neurological symptoms inclines to further dislocation of the spine and secondary neurological injury; therefore, laminectomy, reduction and internal fixations with rods and screws were done. The outcome was good. Severe spinal fracture-dislocation without neurological symptoms should be evaluated in detail, especially with three-dimensional reconstruction by computed tomography. Although treatment is individualized, reduction and internal fixation are advised for the patient if the condition is suitable for operation. Conclusions Severe thoracic spinal fracture-dislocation without neurological symptoms and costal fractures is frighteningly rare; an operation should be done if the patient's condition permits. PMID:25316002

2014-01-01

296

Big Five dimensions and ADHD symptoms: Links between personality traits and clinical symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood is conceptualized as originating in child- hood. Despite considerable theoretical interest, little is known about how ADHD symptoms relate to normal personality traits in adults. In 6 studies, the Big Five personality dimensions were related to ADHD symptoms that adults both recalled from childhood and reported concurrently (total N 1,620). Substantial effects emerged that were

Joel T. Nigg; Oliver P. John; Lisa G. Blaskey; Cynthia L. Huang-Pollock; Erik G. Willicut; Stephen P. Hinshaw; Bruce Pennington

2002-01-01

297

Negative symptoms, defect state and Huber's basic symptoms: A comparison of the concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparing Crow's schizophrenia model with the defect state and Huber's basic symptoms shows that this model is an oversimplification of the complex reality of schizophrenic outcomes. The concept of negative symptoms is undermined by several factors, such as differing definitions, other confounding cross-sectional variables (e.g., akinesia and depression), short follow-ups and lack of confirmation by factorial analysis. The longitudinal concept

Jose de Leon; William H. Wilson; George M. Simpson

1991-01-01

298

Discrimination hurts, but mindfulness may help: Trait mindfulness moderates the relationship between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms  

PubMed Central

Discriminatory experiences are not only momentarily distressing, but can also increase risk for lasting physical and psychological problems. Specifically, significantly higher rates of depression and depressive symptoms are reported among people who are frequently the target of prejudice. Given the gravity of this problem, this research focuses on an individual difference, trait mindfulness, as a protective factor in the association between discrimination and depressive symptoms. In a community sample of 605 individuals, trait mindfulness dampens the relationship between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms. Additionally, mindfulness provides benefits above and beyond those of positive emotions. Trait mindfulness may thus operate as a protective individual difference for targets of discrimination. PMID:24347755

Brown-Iannuzzi, Jazmin L.; Adair, Kathryn C.; Payne, B. Keith; Richman, Laura Smart; Fredrickson, Barbara L.

2013-01-01

299

Acupuncture Alleviated the Nonmotor Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease including Pain, Depression, and Autonomic Symptoms  

PubMed Central

A woman started to feel intractable pain on her lower legs when she was 76. At the age of 78, she was diagnosed as having Parkinson's disease (PD). The leg pain was suspected to be a symptom of PD after eliminating other causes. The patient also suffered from nonmotor symptoms, depression, anxiety, hot flashes, and paroxysmal sweating. Though the patient had received pharmacotherapy including levodopa for 5 years, she still suffered from the nonmotor symptoms and was referred to our department. We treated her with acupuncture based on the Chinese traditional medicine and electroacupuncture five times per week. After the 2-week treatment, the assessment for the symptoms was as follows; visual analogue scale (VAS) score of the leg pain was 16?mm (70?mm, before), Hamilton's rating scales for depression (HAM-D) score was 9 (18, before), timed 3?m Up and Go took 20 steps in 30?sec (24 steps in 38?sec, before), and the Movement Disorder Society-sponsored revision of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) Part 1 score was 13 (21, before). Autonomic symptoms, hot flashes and paroxysmal sweating, were also alleviated. Acupuncture may be a good treatment modality for nonmotor symptoms in PD. PMID:25628905

Iseki, Chifumi; Furuta, Taiga; Suzuki, Masao; Koyama, Shingo; Suzuki, Keiji; Suzuki, Tomoko; Kaneko, Akiyo

2014-01-01

300

Asthma and other symptoms in cinnamon workers.  

PubMed Central

Cinnamon, which is the bark of the Cinnamomum zeylanicum tree, contains cinnamic aldehyde, which is an irritant. Workers processing cinnamon before export are exposed to much cinnamon dust. Forty such workers with an average of four years' service in the industry were examined. Thirty five workers (87.5%) had symptoms, nine having had asthma (22.5%). Other symptoms, probably related to the irritant nature of cinnamon dust, were irritation of skin (50%), loss of hair (37.5%), and smarting of eyes while at work (22.5%). Loss of weight (65%) was the commonest finding. Contact dermatitis which has previously been described was not found in any of the workers. PMID:6232942

Uragoda, C G

1984-01-01

301

Metabolomic change precedes apple superficial scald symptoms.  

PubMed

Untargeted metabolic profiling was employed to characterize metabolomic changes associated with 'Granny Smith' apple superficial scald development following 1-MCP or DPA treatment. Partial least-squares discriminant analyses were used to link metabolites with scald, postharvest treatments, and storage duration. Models revealed metabolomic differentiation between untreated controls and fruit treated with DPA or 1-MCP within 1 week following storage initiation. Metabolic divergence between controls and DPA-treated fruit after 4 weeks of storage preceded scald symptom development by 2 months. alpha-Farnesene oxidation products with known associations to scald, including conjugated trienols, 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one, and 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-ol, were associated with presymptomatic as well as scalded control fruit. Likewise, a large group of putative triterpenoids with mass spectral features similar to those of ursolic acid and beta-sitosterol were associated with control fruit and scald. Results demonstrate that extensive metabolomic changes associated with scald precede actual symptom development. PMID:19715334

Rudell, David R; Mattheis, James P; Hertog, Maarten L A T M

2009-09-23

302

Somatic symptoms in those with performance and interaction anxiety.  

PubMed

This study (n = 304) examined the relationship between somatic symptoms and social anxiety. Significant differences in the experience of somatic symptoms were found among four groups (i.e. performance anxious, interaction anxious, generalized socially anxious, and controls). Post hoc analyses revealed that those who exceeded the clinical cutoff for generalized social anxiety exhibited more somatic symptoms than those who exceeded the clinical cutoff in the other two social anxiety domains or controls. Individuals in each group exhibited more somatic symptoms than controls, but subtypes did not differ in the amount of somatic symptoms experienced. Additionally, regression analyses revealed that type of somatic symptoms experienced varied depending on subtype. PMID:23818506

May, Anna C; Rudy, Brittany M; Davis, Thompson E; Jenkins, Whitney S; Reuther, Erin T; Whiting, Sara E

2014-11-01

303

Abstinence symptoms following smoked marijuana in humans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Symptoms of withdrawal after oral ?9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) administration have been reported, yet little is known about the development of dependence on\\u000a smoked marijuana in humans. In a 21-day residential study, marijuana smokers (n = 12) worked on five psychomotor tasks during the day (0915–1700 hours), and in the evening engaged in recreational activities\\u000a (1700–2330 hours); subjective-effects measures were completed 10

M. Haney; Amie S. Ward; Sandra D. Comer; Richard W. Foltin; Marian W. Fischman

1999-01-01

304

Lacrimal colic--an important ophthalmic symptom.  

PubMed

This concise case report introduces the novel concept of "lacrimal colic"-acute severe medial canthal pain resulting from sudden expansion of the lacrimal sac, commonly due to stone formation. The condition is compared with renal colic, in which a stone causes distension of the renal pelvis and similar severe pain. The case is presented with a concise literature review, and discussion on the relevance of the symptom in clinical practice. PMID:22642928

Shalchi, Zaid; Ahmad, Imran; Morley, Ana M S

2012-08-01

305

Self-compassion and PTSD symptom severity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neff 's (2003a, 2003b) notion of self-compassion emphasizes kindness towards one's self, a feeling of connectedness with others, and mindful awareness of distressing experiences. Because exposure to trauma and subsequent posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS) may be associated with self-criticism and avoidance of internal experiences, the authors examined the relationship between self-compassion and PSS. Out of a sample of 210 university

Brian L. Thompson; Jennifer Waltz

2008-01-01

306

Waiting for Symptoms - Gut-Check  

Cancer.gov

Your doctor may talk to you about “watchful waiting” as an approach for other medical situations. Unfortunately, this isn’t an option when it comes to colorectal cancer. Many people with colon cancer don’t experience symptoms until it’s too late. The recommended screening methods can find cancer or pre-cancerous polyps early, when they can be treated and removed. That’s why having a screening plan is important.

307

Lower urinary tract symptoms in men.  

PubMed

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a highly prevalent and costly condition that affects older men worldwide. Many affected men develop lower urinary tract symptoms, which can have a negative impact on their quality of life. In the past, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) was the mainstay of treatment. However, several efficacious drug treatments have been developed, which have transformed BPH from an acute surgical entity to a chronic medical condition. Specifically, multiple clinical trials have shown that ? adrenoceptor antagonists can significantly ameliorate lower urinary tract symptoms. Moreover, 5? reductase inhibitors, alone or combined with an ? adrenoceptor antagonist, can reverse the natural course of BPH, reducing the risk of urinary retention and the need for surgical intervention. Newer medical regimens including the use of antimuscarinic agents or phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, have shown promise in men with predominantly storage symptoms and concomitant erectile dysfunction, respectively. For men who do not adequately respond to conservative measures or pharmacotherapy, minimally invasive surgical techniques (such as transurethral needle ablation, microwave thermotherapy, and prostatic urethral lift) may be of benefit, although they lack the durability of TURP. A variety of laser procedures have also been introduced, whose improved hemostatic properties abrogate many of the complications associated with traditional surgery. PMID:25125424

Hollingsworth, John M; Wilt, Timothy J

2014-01-01

308

Narcissistic Symptoms in German School Shooters.  

PubMed

School shooters are often described as narcissistic, but empirical evidence is scant. To provide more reliable and detailed information, we conducted an exploratory study, analyzing police investigation files on seven school shootings in Germany, looking for symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV) in witnesses' and offenders' reports and expert psychological evaluations. Three out of four offenders who had been treated for mental disorders prior to the offenses displayed detached symptoms of narcissism, but none was diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder. Of the other three, two displayed narcissistic traits. In one case, the number of symptoms would have justified a diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder. Offenders showed low and high self-esteem and a range of other mental disorders. Thus, narcissism is not a common characteristic of school shooters, but possibly more frequent than in the general population. This should be considered in developing adequate preventive and intervention measures. PMID:25063684

Bondü, Rebecca; Scheithauer, Herbert

2014-07-25

309

Fermion BMN operators, the dilatation operator of N=4 SYM, and pp-wave string interactions  

E-print Network

The goal of this paper is to study the BMN correspondence in the fermionic sector. On the field theory side, we compute matrix elements of the dilatation operator in N=4 Super Yang-Mills for BMN operators containing two fermion impurities. Our calculations are performed up to and including O(lambda') in the 't Hooft coupling and O(g_2) in the Yang-Mills genus counting parameter. On the string theory side, we compute the corresponding matrix elements of the interacting string Hamiltonian in string field theory, using the three-string interaction vertex constructed by Spradlin and Volovich (and subsequently elaborated by Pankiewicz and Stefanski). In string theory we use the natural string basis, and in field theory the basis which is isomorphic to it. We find that the matrix elements computed in field theory and the corresponding string amplitudes derived from the three-string vertex are, in all cases, in perfect agreement.

George Georgiou; Gabriele Travaglini

2004-03-23

310

Dette eksamensprojekt er udfrt p Institut for Informatik og Matematisk Modellering, IMM, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet i perioden 5. august 2002 til 31. marts 2003.  

E-print Network

i hjernevæv, der adskiller epilepsiramte rotter fra en gruppe raske rotter. Proteinsammensætningen i hjernevæv fra rotter er bestemt ved hjælp af 2d-elektroforesegeler. Der blev analyseret prøver fra 19 rotter, dels fra 12 rotter med tre forskellige grader af epilepsi (under udvikling, mild og svær) og dels fra

311

Association between psychiatric symptoms and craving in methamphetamine users.  

PubMed

This study examined the differences in psychiatric symptoms between adult methamphetamine users (n = 46) and control subjects (n = 31), the relationship between psychiatric symptoms and the intensity of methamphetamine craving, and whether psychiatric symptoms were correlated to methamphetamine drug-usage variables (ie, length of abstinence, frequency, duration, and lifetime grams). We found that depressive symptoms on the Center for Epidemiology Studies-Depression (CES-D) and many other psychiatric symptoms on the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) significantly correlated with craving methamphetamine on the visual analog scale (VAS) for craving. Methamphetamine users had significantly more depressive symptoms (on CES-D) and psychotic symptoms (on SCL-90) compared to controls. There were no significant correlations between psychiatric symptoms and methamphetamine-usage variables. This study provides the first evidence to suggest that depressive symptoms (on CES-D) and psychiatric symptoms (on SCL-90) are strongly associated with the intensity of craving (on VAS) for the drug in methamphetamine users. However, the methamphetamine usage variables had no relationship with psychiatric symptoms. Therefore, methamphetamine users, regardless of their usage patterns, may benefit from treatment of their psychiatric symptoms in order to minimize craving and subsequent relapse to drug use. PMID:18770088

Nakama, Helenna; Chang, Linda; Cloak, Christine; Jiang, Caroline; Alicata, Daniel; Haning, William

2008-01-01

312

Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease Symptom Recognition in Korean Americans and Psychometric Analysis of Alzheimer's Disease Symptom Recognition Scale (ADSRS).  

PubMed

This study examined recognition of Alzheimer's disease symptoms among Korean Americans (KAs) and assessed psychometric properties of the Alzheimer's Disease Symptom Recognition Scale (ADSRS). A cross-sectional survey collected data from 209 KAs, using a self-administered questionnaire. Results show that KAs recognized symptoms related to memory and cognitive functioning well, but had very limited recognition of neuropsychiatric symptoms. Psychometric analysis of ADSRS identified 4 factors in their symptom recognition. Findings suggest a need to raise awareness of Alzheimer's symptoms over the course of the disease. Assessment using ADSRS can be incorporated in communication in the practice context and public outreach. PMID:25602359

Lee, Sang E; Casado, Banghwa Lee

2015-04-01

313

ADHD symptoms moderate the relation between ASD status and internalizing symptoms in 3-6-year-old children.  

PubMed

The current study sought to understand the relation between diagnostic status (autism spectrum disorders [ASD] versus typically developing) and internalizing problems in children with and without co-occurring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Participants were 88 children, ages 3:0-6:11, their parents and teachers. Findings indicated that ADHD symptoms moderated the relation between diagnostic status and depressive and somatic symptoms. High ADHD symptoms in children with ASD were associated with increased depressive and somatic symptoms compared to children with typical development. Findings suggest poor prognostic outcomes for children with ASD and co-occurring ADHD symptoms and highlight the need for early identification and targeted intervention. PMID:24242972

Wilson, Beverly J; Manangan, Christen N; Dauterman, Hayley A; Davis, Heather N

2014-06-01

314

Neuroanatomical Dissections of Unilateral Visual Neglect Symptoms: ALE Meta-Analysis of Lesion-Symptom Mapping  

PubMed Central

Unilateral visual neglect is commonly defined as impaired ability to attend to stimuli presented on the side of visual space contralateral to the brain lesion. However, behavioral analyses indicate that different neglect symptoms can dissociate. The neuroanatomy of the syndrome has been hotly debated. Some groups have argued that the syndrome is linked to posterior parietal cortex lesions, while others report damage within regions including the superior temporal gyrus, insula, and basal ganglia. Several recent neuroimaging studies provide evidence that heterogeneity in the behavioral symptoms of neglect can be matched by variations in the brain lesions, and that some of the discrepancies across earlier findings might have resulted from the use of different neuropsychological tests and/or varied measures within the same task for diagnosing neglect. In this paper, we review the evidence for dissociations between both the symptoms and the neural substrates of unilateral visual neglect, drawing on ALE (anatomic likelihood estimation) meta-analyses of lesion-symptom mapping studies. Specifically, we examine dissociations between neglect symptoms associated with impaired control of attention across space (in an egocentric frame of reference) and within objects (in an allocentric frame of reference). Results of ALE meta-analyses indicated that, while egocentric symptoms are associated with damage within perisylvian network (pre- and postcentral, supramarginal, and superior temporal gyri) and damage within sub-cortical structures, more posterior lesions including the angular, middle temporal, and middle occipital gyri are associated with allocentric symptoms. Furthermore, there was high concurrence in deficits associated with white matter lesions within long association (superior longitudinal, inferior fronto-occipital, and inferior longitudinal fasciculi) and projection (corona radiata and thalamic radiation) pathways, supporting a disconnection account of the syndrome. Using this evidence we argue that different forms of neglect link to both distinct and common patterns of gray and white matter lesions. The findings are discussed in terms of functional accounts of neglect and theoretical models based on computational studies of both normal and impaired attention functions. PMID:22907997

Chechlacz, Magdalena; Rotshtein, Pia; Humphreys, Glyn W.

2012-01-01

315

Assessment of lower urinary tract symptoms in Saudi men using the International Prostate Symptoms Score  

PubMed Central

Background: Benign prostatic hyperplasia-related lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common among older men, the incidence and prevalence are increasing rapidly, and they are associated with diminished health-related quality-of-life (QOL). Objective: The aim was to describe the prevalence of LUTS in Saudi population and its relation to some other parameters. Subjects and Methods: Saudi men over the age of 40 were invited to participate in the study; in Riyadh city from August 2012 through March 2013. All participants were assessed for the serum level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal examination. Participants were given a linguistically validated Arabic version of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS). Demographic and other medical comorbidities were assessed. Results: Based on the IPSS, a subdivision of men into three symptoms classes has been proposed, resulting in groups with mild (1265, 58.3%), moderate (505, 27.3%), and severe symptoms (81, 4.4%) and the prevalence of moderate to severe was 31.7%. There was a weak, but significant correlation between the total IPSS and age, total prostate volume, and PSA. Severity of symptoms is increasing with increased age. Multiple regression analysis reported that prostate volume and all individual items of IPSS except straining were significant predictors of QOL and patient satisfaction, where frequency and incomplete emptying had the heaviest impact on patient's QOL. Conclusion: LUTS were common among men in Saudi population over 40, the prevalence increases with age and most of them were unpleased because of their urinary symptoms, poor QOL was mainly determined by individual symptoms; mainly frequency and incomplete emptying.

Arafa, Mostafa A.; Farhat, Karim; Aqdas, Saad; Al-Atawi, Mohamed; Rabah, Danny M.

2015-01-01

316

20 CFR 220.114 - Evaluation of symptoms, including pain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...such as pain. The claimant's symptoms, such as pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, weakness, or nervousness, will...impairment(s). The claimant's symptoms, such as pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, weakness, or nervousness, are...

2010-04-01

317

Predicting Asthma in Preschool Children with Asthma-Like Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... data collected on 2,171 children with preschool asthma-like symptoms participating the PIAMA study (development study) and 2,877 children with preschool asthma-like symptoms, participating in the multi-ethnic prospective ...

318

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Valve Disease?  

MedlinePLUS

... symptoms of heart valve disease relate to heart failure , which heart valve disease can cause. These signs and symptoms include: Unusual fatigue (tiredness) Shortness of breath, especially when you exert ...

319

Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Symptoms and Diagnosis  

MedlinePLUS

... Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Is it ADHD? Symptoms Checklist Fill out the symptoms checklist and ... diagnose or treat ADHD. DSM-5 Criteria for ADHD People with ADHD show a persistent pattern of ...

320

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Atherosclerosis?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Atherosclerosis? Atherosclerosis usually doesn't cause signs and symptoms ... Rate This Content: NEXT >> Featured Video What is atherosclerosis? 10/14/2014 August 4, 2014 Atherosclerosis Clinical ...

321

Is It Your Jaw?: A Symptoms Checklist for Temporomandibular Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... are some key symptoms linked to TMD. Unusual sounds — Clicking, grinding or popping sounds when you open your mouth are common in ... doctor for a final diagnosis. If these symptoms sound familiar, talk to your dentist. He or she ...

322

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis? The signs and symptoms of deep ... serious, possibly life-threatening problems if not treated. Deep Vein Thrombosis Only about half of the people ...

323

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis? The signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis (CF) ... respiratory, digestive, or reproductive systems of the body. Cystic Fibrosis Figure A shows the organs that cystic fibrosis ...

324

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia? The signs and symptoms of pneumonia vary from ... have sudden changes in mental awareness. Complications of Pneumonia Often, people who have pneumonia can be successfully ...

325

20 CFR 220.114 - Evaluation of symptoms, including pain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

In determining whether the claimant is disabled, the Board considers all of the claimant's symptoms, including pain, and the extent to which the claimant's symptoms can reasonably be accepted as consistent with the objective medical evidence and other...

2012-04-01

326

20 CFR 220.114 - Evaluation of symptoms, including pain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

In determining whether the claimant is disabled, the Board considers all of the claimant's symptoms, including pain, and the extent to which the claimant's symptoms can reasonably be accepted as consistent with the objective medical evidence and other...

2011-04-01

327

20 CFR 220.114 - Evaluation of symptoms, including pain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

In determining whether the claimant is disabled, the Board considers all of the claimant's symptoms, including pain, and the extent to which the claimant's symptoms can reasonably be accepted as consistent with the objective medical evidence and other...

2014-04-01

328

20 CFR 220.114 - Evaluation of symptoms, including pain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

In determining whether the claimant is disabled, the Board considers all of the claimant's symptoms, including pain, and the extent to which the claimant's symptoms can reasonably be accepted as consistent with the objective medical evidence and other...

2013-04-01

329

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Long QT Syndrome?  

MedlinePLUS

... What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Long QT Syndrome? Major Signs and Symptoms If you have ... may cause noisy gasping while sleeping. Silent Long QT Syndrome Sometimes long QT syndrome doesn't cause ...

330

Defining and measuring negative symptoms of schizophrenia in clinical trials.  

PubMed

Recent attention has focused on negative symptoms as a target for new therapeutic approaches including pharmacological agents, medical devices, and psychosocial treatments. Each of these approaches requires an instrument for measuring the severity of negative symptoms as well as changes in severity over time. The instrument selected should provide coverage for the domains of negative symptoms; it should be sensitive to change; it should be reliable and relatively brief; and it should be useful for large international trials. These criteria were used to evaluate a number of older instruments including the Schedule for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), and the Negative Symptom Assessment Scale (NSA). Two newer scales, the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS) and the Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS) were developed following a National Institute of Mental Health consensus meeting and addressed some of the shortcomings of earlier instruments. PMID:24275698

Marder, Stephen R; Kirkpatrick, Brian

2014-05-01

331

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis?  

MedlinePLUS

... Are the Signs and Symptoms of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis? The signs and symptoms of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis ( ... Pulmonary Fibrosis, visit www.clinicaltrials.gov . Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis in the News May 19, 2014 Common treatment ...

332

What Are the Symptoms of Adrenal Gland Disorders?  

MedlinePLUS

... Publications En Espańol What are the symptoms of adrenal gland disorders? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content When the adrenal glands produce too many hormones, the symptoms vary depending ...

333

Anne-F r an o i s e S c h m i d The Hypothesis of a Non-E pistem ol og y1 The Hypothesis of a Non-E pistem ol og y  

E-print Network

Anne-F r anç o i s e S c h m i d The Hypothesis of a Non-E pistem ol og y1 The Hypothesis of a Non-E pistem ol og y Anne-F r a nç o i s e S c h m i d 1 . W h a t d o es t h e h y p o t h es i s o f a no n-ep i s t em o l o g y s i g ni f y ? W h at do es t h e h y p o t h es i s o f a no n-ep i s t em o l o

Boyer, Edmond

334

Risk factors for work-related symptoms in northern California office workers  

SciTech Connect

In most episodes of health complaints reported in office buildings in the last-twenty years, causal factors have not been identified. In order to assess risk factors for work-related symptoms in office workers, a reanalysis was performed of previous studies, and an epidemiologic study was conducted. The reanalysis of data, showed remarkable agreement among studies. Air-conditioned buildings were consistently associated with higher prevalence of headache, lethargy, and eye, nose, or throat problems. Humidification was not a necessary factor for this higher prevalence. Mechanical ventilation without air-conditioning was not associated with higher symptom prevalence. A study was conducted among 880 office workers, within 12 office buildings selected without regard to worker complaints, in northern California. A number of factors were found associated with prevalence of work-related symptoms, after adjustment in a logistic regression model for personal, psychosocial, job, workspace, and building factors. Two different ventilation types were associated with increases Ln symptom prevalence, relative to workers in naturally ventilated buildings: mechanical supply and exhaust ventilation, without air conditioning and with operable windows; and air-conditioning with sealed windows. No study buildings were humidified. In both these ventilation types, the highest odds ratios (ORs) found were for skin symptoms (ORs-5.0, 5.6) and for tight chest or difficulty breathing (ORs-3.6, 4.3). Use of carbonless copies or photocopiers, sharing a workspace, carpets, new carpets, new walls, and distance from a window were associated with symptom increases. Cloth partitions and new paint were associated with symptom decreases.

Mendell, M.J.

1991-10-01

335

Factors Associated with Trauma Symptoms Among Runaway\\/Homeless Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Runaway\\/homeless youth often suffer from exposure to chronic family distress and confront numerous traumatic events that may produce symptoms of PTSD. This study evaluated runaway\\/homeless youth's PTSD symptoms and associated factors. Data were collected at youth emergency shelters. Ninety-eight percent of participants had elevated PTSD symptom scores. Although use of inhalants and LSD was associated with PTSD symptoms, only depression,

Sanna J. Thompson

2005-01-01

336

Postprandial plasma glucose response and gastrointestinal symptom severity in patients with diabetic gastroparesis.  

PubMed

Gastroparesis is a well-known diabetic complication. The pathogenesis is not fully understood. However, it is important to early diagnose these patients. This study evaluated the plasma glucose response after a test meal, and gastrointestinal (GI) symptom severity in patients with clinical suspicion of diabetic gastroparesis, and assessed its usefulness to predict gastroparesis. In all, 83 subjects with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 and 2 were included; 53 subjects had gastroparesis and 30 had normal gastric emptying determined by gastric scintigraphy. GI symptom severity during the preceding 2 weeks was evaluated with a validated questionnaire. The test meal consisted of 100 g meat, 40 g pasta, 150 g carrot, and 5 g oil. The subjects ingested the meal under fasting conditions, and plasma glucose was followed during 180 minutes. Patients with gastroparesis demonstrated a blunted plasma glucose response after a test meal versus patients with normal gastric emptying (P < .005), reflected by lower maximum increase in plasma glucose response and incremental area under the curve of the plasma glucose, but a similar time to the maximum plasma glucose level. All GI symptoms were more severe in patients with gastroparesis. GI symptom severity had the best discriminative value to identify patients with gastroparesis with an area under the receiver operating curve of 0.83 (optimal cutoff: sensitivity 87%, specificity 80%). Patients with diabetic gastroparesis have a blunted postprandial plasma glucose response. Combining this information with the presence of GI symptoms can help clinicians identify diabetic patients with gastroparesis. PMID:24876417

Olausson, Eva A; Grundin, Hĺkan; Isaksson, Mats; Brock, Christina; Drewes, Asbjřrn M; Attvall, Stig; Simrén, Magnus

2014-07-01

337

The Differential Impact of Unique Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms  

E-print Network

The Differential Impact of Unique Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms for the Dementia Caregiver individual BPSD, categorized based on how they may affect caregivers, impact depressive symptoms for dementia Symptoms on Dementia Caregivers increasing burden and evoking empathy for the patient. (Am J Geriatr

338

Respiratory Symptoms of Obstructive Lung Disease in European Crop Farmers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crop farming as a risk factor for respiratory symptoms of obstruc- tive lung disease was assessed. Random samples of crop farmers from four European countries were studied following a cross-sec- tional design. A questionnaire on respiratory symptoms and occu- pation was administered to determine prevalences, and the roles of the various crops as risk factors for respiratory symptoms were assessed

EDUARD MONSÓ; RAMÓN MAGAROLAS; KATJA RADON; BRIGITTA DANUSER; MARTIN IVERSEN; CHRISTOPH WEBER; ULRIKE OPRAVIL; KELLEY J. DONHAM; DENNIS NOWAK

2000-01-01

339

Simple Identification of Complex ADHD Subtypes Using Current Symptom Counts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of the assessment of the accuracy of simple rules based on symptom count for assigning youths to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder subtypes show that having six or more total symptoms and fewer than three hyperactive-impulsive symptoms is an accurate predictor for the latent class sever inattentive subtype.

Volk, Heather E.; Todorov, Alexandre A.; Hay, David A.; Todd, Richard D.

2009-01-01

340

Lay Explanations of Symptoms of Mental Ill Health in Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cognitive schemas of 208 subjects were elicited in relation to 12 hypothetical symptoms which are most commonly presented by patients suffering from psychiatric disorder. Three types of explaining schemas were recognised as physical, psychosocial and supernatural explanations. Somatic symptoms tended to have physical explanations and emotional symptoms tended to have psychoso cial explanations although both are known in clinical

M. Fakhr El-Islam; Sanaa I. Abu-Dagga

1992-01-01

341

Trajectories of Postpartum Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Children's Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of new mothers experience at least some depressive symptoms. Postpartum maternal depressive symptoms can greatly influence children's outcomes (e.g., emotional, cognitive, language, and social development). However, there have been relatively few longitudinal studies of how maternal depressive symptoms may influence children's…

Wu, Yelena P.; Selig, James P.; Roberts, Michael C.; Steele, Ric G.

2011-01-01

342

Impact of Comorbidity in Prevention of Adolescent Depressive Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the well-known relevance of comorbidity, few studies have examined the impact of comorbid anxiety or externalizing symptoms on the prevention of depressive symptoms in adolescents. To replicate earlier positive effects of a cognitive-behavioral prevention program of depressive symptoms and to test the hypothesis that the prevention program…

Possel, Patrick; Seemann, Simone; Hautzinger, Martin

2008-01-01

343

Shyness Predicts Depressive Symptoms among Adolescents : A Prospective Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relation between shyness, social support and depressive symptoms in a sample of 259 students (aged 14-16 years) in two secondary schools. Results at both time-points showed positive associations of depressive symptoms with shyness and with being female and negative associations of depressive symptoms with social support and…

Murberg, Terje A.

2009-01-01

344

Trajectories of Stressful Life Events and Depressive Symptoms During Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 4-year longitudinal study of 191 girls and 185 boys living in intact families in the rural Midwest examines the trajectories of life events and depressive symptoms in adolescence. The trajectories of depressive symptoms differ between boys and girls. Compared with boys, girls experienced a greater number of depressive symptoms after age 13. Changes in uncontrollable events are associated with

Xiaojia Ge; Frederick O. Lorenz; Rand D. Conger; Glen H. Elder; Ronald L. Simons

1994-01-01

345

Fibromyalgia Syndrome Symptoms and Effects: A Cross-Sectional Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed fibromyalgia syndrome support group members about characteristics of the disease and how it affected their lives. Respondents had symptoms for many years before being diagnosed. Symptoms varied tremendously on a daily and yearly basis, so disease management was in a constant state of flux. Most symptoms significantly impacted quality of…

Prince, Alice; Bernard, Amy L.; Edsall, Patricia A.

2000-01-01

346

A characteristic symptom of calcium deficiency in maize and sorghum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The appearance of the so?called “bull?whip”; in leaves of maize plants has been recognized as a calcium deficiency symptom. Another characteristic symptom, in which the leaf edges of maize plants become serrated and curl, is often observed when there is a low calcium supply, especially in solution cultures. The effects of several factors on this symptom were investigated using solution

T. Kawaski; M. Moritsugu

1979-01-01

347

Relieving Symptoms in Cancer: Innovative Use of Art Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Art therapy has been used in a variety of clinical settings and populations, although few studies have explored its use in cancer symptom control. The specific aim of this study was to determine the effect of a 1-hour art therapy session on pain and other symptoms common to adult cancer inpatients. A quasi-experimental design was used (n=50). The Edmonton Symptom

Nancy Nainis; Judith A. Paice; Julia Ratner; James H. Wirth; Jerry Lai; Susan Shott

2006-01-01

348

Hopeful thinking, participation, and depressive symptoms three months after stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine hopeful thinking, depressive symptoms, and participation in meaningful activities and roles for survivors 3 months after stroke. It was predicted that: (a) participation would predict lower depressive symptoms; (b) higher hopeful thinking (i.e., beliefs in one's goal pursuit abilities) would predict lower depressive symptoms; and (c) higher hopeful thinking would predict better participation. Three

Amber Gum; C. R. Snyder; Pamela W. Duncan

2006-01-01

349

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE CARCINOGENS AND HIGHLY TOXIC MATERIALS  

E-print Network

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE for CARCINOGENS AND HIGHLY TOXIC MATERIALS Location aid: Ingestion-- symptoms: First aid: Inhalation--symptoms: First aid: 10. Spills: Spill cleanup be as complete as possible: 12.2 #12;11. Phone numbers: Cornell Campus Police 911 (accidents, spills

Pawlowski, Wojtek

350

An Examination of Family Adjustment among Operation Desert Storm Veterans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined interrelationships among combat exposure, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and family adjustment in a sample of male and female Operation Desert Storm veterans (N = 1,512). In structural equation models for both male and female veterans, higher combat exposure was associated with higher PTSD symptoms, which in…

Taft, Casey T.; Schumm, Jeremiah A.; Panuzio, Jillian; Proctor, Susan P.

2008-01-01

351

Explaining the Covariance Between Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms and Depressive Symptoms: The Role of Hedonic Responsivity  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of this study was to examine low hedonic responsivity, a facet of hedonic capacity, as a potential explanatory variable in the relationship between attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and depressive symptoms. Method One hundred ninety-eight undergraduate students (mean age = 21.3, standard deviation = 4.6; 59.6% women) from a large, public university completed self-report measures for this cross-sectional study. Results Results indicated that ADHD symptoms were significantly associated with depressive symptoms, and that low hedonic responsivity partially accounted for this association. This effect was statistically significant for total ADHD symptoms and inattentive symptoms, but not for hyperactive-impulsive symptoms. Conclusions Findings are consistent with the possibility that impaired hedonic responsiveness may be a common endophenotype for depression and the inattentive symptoms of ADHD. Implications for future research and clinical work are discussed. PMID:22777931

Meinzer, Michael C.; Pettit, Jeremy W.; Leventhal, Adam M.; Hill, Ryan M.

2014-01-01

352

[Mental pain: is it a symptom?].  

PubMed

The psychiatrist is confronted by a variety of emotional states, ranging from sadness to exaltation. The term "psychache "has been used to describe depression with melancholic features. But can such mental pain be defined without reference to visible lesions or precise physical symptoms? We report pathophysiological evidence supporting this concept and show that it has implications for both treatment and prognosis. Cognitive studies have shown that the neurological substrate of physical pain is also activated by mental pain. Mental pain is associated with a risk of suicide and can be improved by analgesics, including opiates and ketamine. PMID:21171250

Gaillard, Raphaël; Loo, Henry; Olie, Jean-Pierre

2010-03-01

353

The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To investigate the factor structure of the Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) among individuals seen as\\u000a part of routine follow-up following traumatic brain injury.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  RPQ data from 168 participants was examined (mean age 35.2, SD 14.3; 89% with post traumatic amnesia duration < 24 hours)\\u000a six months after admission to an Accident & Emergency Department following TBI. Structural equation modelling was

Seb Potter; Eleanor Leigh; Derick Wade; Simon Fleminger

2006-01-01

354

Symptoms of schizophrenia: normal adaptations to inability.  

PubMed

The usual thinking about schizophrenia is that symptoms arise from altered gene products, irregularities in brain development, or interruptions of brain circuitry due to more fundamental causes still unknown. It is possible, however, that some of the diagnostic symptoms of this illness result from attempts at healing the primary unknown lesion, that they are, to use a metaphor, consequences of scab formation rather than of wound. Because too little is known at this time about basic intracellular flaws in schizophrenia, this paper, while hypothesizing precisely such a sequence (from damage to attempt at healing to symptom formation) uses examples from the more accessible psychological level. For instance, it is known that individuals suffering from schizophrenia struggle with interpersonal demands because they find them, on the whole, ambiguous and complex. Given these interpersonal inabilities, it is understandable that they protect themselves from the experience of failure through avoidance of social conduct and through relative isolation. Another example comes from the domain of cognition where a number of deficits have been shown to exist in people with schizophrenia. Aware of these difficulties, individuals with schizophrenia narrow their field of activities and compensate for deficiency by repetitive rituals and over-rehearsal. Side-lined and disregarded because of illness, it makes psychological sense that they draw attention to themselves in ways (eccentric clothes, unusual phraseology and tone of voice) that are judged by others as socially inappropriate. Unsuccessful in the customary pursuit of happiness (worldly success, material possessions, intimate relationships), it also makes sense that individuals with schizophrenia adopt habits and routines that are considered by others as impractical, illogical, and unfathomable. Adoption of this compensatory view of the origin of schizophrenia symptoms by clinical scientists does not markedly change treatment approaches and does not immediately lead to new discoveries. What it does is to situate the actions of those with schizophrenia clearly within the normal range of human behaviors and, as a consequence, it diminishes the stigma that attaches to severe mental illness. It evens the playing field between patient and therapist, making the psychiatrist less a zoo keeper and more a fellow traveler along a road that inevitably leads, for everyone, to physical and cognitive decline with attempts, some more successful than others, at compensation in the face of a difficult reality. PMID:17303346

Seeman, Mary V

2007-01-01

355

Hormonal and nonhormonal treatment of vasomotor symptoms.  

PubMed

This article focuses on the cause, pathophysiology, differential diagnosis of, and treatment options for vasomotor symptoms. In addition, it summarizes important points for health care providers caring for perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with regard to health maintenance, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and vaginal atrophy. Treatment options for hot flashes with variable effectiveness include systemic hormone therapy (estrogen/progestogen), nonhormonal pharmacologic therapies (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, clonidine, gabapentin), and nonpharmacologic therapy options (behavioral changes, acupuncture). Risks and benefits as well as contraindications for hormone therapy are further discussed. PMID:25681847

Krause, Miriam S; Nakajima, Steven T

2015-03-01

356

The outcome of varicose vein surgery at 10 years: clinical findings, symptoms and patient satisfaction.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Data on long-term outcomes of varicose vein surgery are sparse, and 'success' rates vary substantially depending on the method of assessment. This study used a variety of methods to evaluate patients 10 years after operation. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 100 patients was identified, of whom 70 (151 operated limbs) were reviewed--50 by clinical and Doppler examination, and all by structured questionnaire. RESULTS: A few months after operation, symptoms were 'cured' or 'much better' in 89% of patients, and remained so at 10 years in 77%. Only 30% patients were completely free of recurrent varicose veins at 10 years (both by self- and clinician-assessment): 44% had 'just a few' varicosities while 26%, had varicose veins 'as badly as before'. Only 24 patients (34%) were not 'generally pleased' at 10 years, because of continuing symptoms (3), recurrent varicosities (13), and other miscellaneous reasons. CONCLUSIONS: Although some recurrence of varicose veins is frequent 10 years after operation, surgery provides long-term relief of symptoms in the great majority of patients. PMID:12585635

Campbell, W. B.; Vijay Kumar, A.; Collin, T. W.; Allington, K. L.; Michaels, J. A.

2003-01-01

357

Mindfulness based stress reduction in post-treatment breast cancer patients: an examination of symptoms and symptom clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate prevalence and severity of symptoms and symptom clustering in breast cancer survivors who attended MBSR(BC).\\u000a Women were randomly assigned into MBSR(BC) or Usual Care (UC). Eligible women were ? 21 years, had been diagnosed with breast\\u000a cancer and completed treatment within 18 months of enrollment. Symptoms and interference with daily living were measured pre-\\u000a and post-MBSR(BC) using the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory.

Cecile A. LengacherRichard; Richard R. Reich; Janice Post-White; Manolete Moscoso; Melissa M. Shelton; Michelle Barta; Nancy Le; Pinky Budhrani

358

Saw Palmetto ( Serenoa repens) in Men with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: Effects on Urodynamic Parameters and Voiding Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To assess the effects of saw palmetto on voiding symptoms and urodynamic parameters in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) presumed secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).Methods. Fifty men with previously untreated LUTS and a minimum International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of 10 or greater were treated with a commercially available form of saw palmetto (160 mg twice

Glenn S Gerber; Gregory P Zagaja; Gregory T Bales; Gerald W Chodak; Barbara A Contreras

1998-01-01

359

The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire: a measure of symptoms commonly experienced after head injury and its reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

After head injuries, particularly mild or moderate ones, a range of post-concussion symptoms (PCS) are often reported by patients. Such symptoms may significantly affect patients' psychosocial functioning. To date, no measure of the severity of PCS has been developed. This study presents the Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) as such a measure, derived from published material, and investigates its

N. S. King; S. Crawford; F. J. Wenden; N. E. G. Moss; D. T. Wade

1995-01-01

360

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Structure in Injured Children: Functional Impairment and Depression Symptoms in a Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in children and adolescents who have experienced an acute single-incident trauma, associations between PTSD symptom clusters and functional impairment, and the specificity of PTSD symptoms in relation to depression and general distress. Method: Examined…

Kassam-Adams, Nancy; Marsac, Meghan L.; Cirilli, Carla

2010-01-01

361

Ser 524 is a phosphorylation site in MUTYH and Ser 524 mutations alter 8-oxoguanine (OG):A mismatch recognition  

PubMed Central

MUTYH-associated polyposis (MAP) is a colorectal cancer predisposition syndrome that is caused by inherited biallelic mutations in the base excision repair (BER) gene, MUTYH. MUTYH is a DNA glycosylase that removes adenine (A) misinserted opposite 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (OG). In this work, wild type (WT) MUTYH overexpressed using a baculovirus-driven insect cell expression system (BEVS) provided significantly higher levels of enzyme compared to bacterial overexpression. The isolated MUTYH enzyme was analyzed for potential post-translational modifications using mass spectrometry. An in vivo phosphorylation site was validated at Serine 524, which is located in the C-terminal OG recognition domain within the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) binding region. Characterization of the phosphomimetic (S524D) and phosphoablating (S524A) mutants together with the observation that Ser 524 can be phosphorylated suggest that this residue may play an important regulatory role in vivo by altering stability and OG:A mismatch affinity. PMID:20724227

Kundu, Sucharita; Brinkmeyer, Megan K.; Eigenheer, Richard A.; David, Sheila S.

2010-01-01

362

Ethnic Differences in Symptoms Experienced During the Menopausal Transition  

PubMed Central

Our purpose in this study was to explore ethnic differences in symptoms experienced during the menopausal transition among four major ethnic groups in the U.S. using a feminist perspective. This was a cross-sectional correlational study among 158 midlife women. The instruments included are: questions on sociodemographic characteristics, health, and menopausal status, and the Midlife Women’s Symptom Index. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Significant ethnic differences in the total number of symptoms (p<.01) were found. The most frequently reported symptoms differed by ethnicity. The symptoms experienced during the menopausal transition were significantly associated with some contextual factors. PMID:19255887

Im, Eun-Ok

2009-01-01

363

Sleep problems may mediate associations between rumination and PTSD and depressive symptoms among OIF/OEF veterans.  

PubMed

Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) veterans have high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and sleep problems. Identifying potential contributing factors to these mental health problems is crucial for improving treatments in this population. Rumination, or repeated thoughts about negative experiences, is associated with worse PTSD, depression, and sleep problems in nonveterans. Therefore, we hypothesized that rumination would be associated with worse sleep problems, PTSD, and depressive symptoms in OIF/OEF veterans. Additionally, we proposed a novel hypothesis that sleep problems are a mechanism by which rumination contributes to depressive and PTSD symptoms. In this cross-sectional study, 89 OIF/OEF veterans completed measures of trait rumination, sleep problems, and PTSD and depressive symptoms. Analyses confirmed that greater rumination was associated with worse functioning on all mental health measures. Moreover, greater global sleep problems statistically mediated the association between higher rumination and more PTSD and depressive symptoms. Specifically, sleep disturbance and daytime somnolence but not sleep quantity emerged as significant mediators. Although it is impossible with the current nonexperimental data to test causal mediation, these results support the idea that rumination could contribute to impaired sleep, which in turn could contribute to psychological symptoms. We suggest that interventions targeting both rumination and sleep problems may be an effective way to treat OIF/OEF veterans with PTSD or depressive symptoms. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25793596

Borders, Ashley; Rothman, David J; McAndrew, Lisa M

2015-01-01

364

Hypoxia suppresses symptom perception in asthma.  

PubMed

Any factor that inhibits the ability of an individual with asthma to recognize their symptoms appropriately may contribute to treatment delay, "near miss" events, and death during acute severe asthma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two common features of acute severe asthma--hypoxia and hypercapnia--on respiratory sensation. Sixteen individuals with stable asthma were exposed to three gas conditions (34 minutes each): isocapnic hypoxia (arterial blood O2 saturation of approximately 80%), hypercapnia (increase in end-tidal CO2 of approximately 5-10 Torr), or isocapnic normoxia on 3 separate days. The perceived magnitude of externally applied resistive loads, measured during each gas condition, was reduced throughout hypoxia compared with normoxia, and there was a trend for a progressive decline during hypercapnia. Within the 15-minutes postgas inhalation period, methacholine-induced symptoms of difficult breathing, chest tightness, and breathlessness, measured using modified Borg scales, were 25-30% lower after hypoxia compared with normoxia but were not reduced after hypercapnia. We conclude that 30 minutes of sustained hypoxia and possibly hypercapnia impair sensations of respiratory load and that the effects of hypoxia persist for at least 10 minutes after returning to normoxia. PMID:15020291

Eckert, Danny J; Catcheside, Peter G; Smith, Janet H; Frith, Peter A; McEvoy, R Doug

2004-06-01

365

Signs and symptoms of carbamazepine overdose.  

PubMed

Carbamazepine (CBZ) has been successfully employed in a variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders. The side-effects of CBZ treatment have been extensively studied. As little is known about the symptoms and prognosis of CBZ overdose, our objective was to identify the factors relevant to its prognosis. In a retrospective study of 427 cases, we analysed the distribution of age, sex, total CBZ dose, CBZ plasma level, frequency of symptoms and their association with outcome. In those patients who recovered, coma, somnolence, cerebellar syndrome and epileptic seizures were the most common manifestations of CBZ overdose. In fatal courses coma, epileptic seizures, respiratory depression and respiratory arrest ranked highest. Cardiac arrhythmias and other cardiovascular complications were rare. In 41 of 307 patients (13%) in whom outcome was reported, intoxication was fatal. The occurrence of seizures and CBZ doses exceeding 24 g proved to be important indicators of a fatal outcome. The course of intoxication seems to be more benign in patients aged below 15 years. PMID:7751861

Schmidt, S; Schmitz-Buhl, M

1995-02-01

366

Chloroquine use improves dengue-related symptoms  

PubMed Central

Dengue is the most important arboviral disease in the world. As chloroquine, an antimalarial agent, has shown some antiviral effects, this study evaluated its effect in patients with dengue. A randomised, double-blind study was performed by administering chloroquine or placebo for three days to 129 patients with dengue-related symptoms. Of these patients, 37 were confirmed as having dengue and completed the study; in total, 19 dengue patients received chloroquine and 18 received placebo. There was no significant difference in the duration of the disease or the degree and days of fever. However, 12 patients (63%) with confirmed dengue reported a substantial decrease in pain intensity and a great improvement in their ability to perform daily activities (p = 0.0004) while on the medication and the symptoms returned immediately after these patients stopped taking the medication. The same effect was not observed in patients with diseases other than dengue. Therefore, this study shows that patients with dengue treated with chloroquine had an improvement in their quality of life and were able to resume their daily activities. However, as chloroquine did not alter the duration of the disease or the intensity and days of fever, further studies are necessary to confirm the clinical effects and to assess the side effects of chloroquine in dengue patients. PMID:23903975

Borges, Marcos Carvalho; Castro, Luiza Antunes; da Fonseca, Benedito Antonio Lopes

2013-01-01

367

Clinical implications of panic symptoms in dental phobia.  

PubMed

The occurrence of panic symptoms in various anxiety disorders has been associated with more severely impaired and difficult-to-treat cases, but this has not been investigated in dental phobia. We examined the clinical implications of panic symptoms related to sub-clinical and clinically significant dental phobia. The sample consisted of 61 patients at a university dental clinic who endorsed symptoms of dental phobia, 25 of whom met criteria for a formal diagnosis of dental phobia. Participants with dental phobia endorsed more panic symptoms than did those with sub-clinical dental phobia. In the total sample, greater endorsement of panic symptoms was associated with higher dental anxiety, more avoidance of dental procedures, and poorer oral health-related quality of life. Among those with dental phobia, certain panic symptoms exhibited associations with specific anxiety-eliciting dental procedures. Panic symptoms may serve as indicators of clinically significant dental phobia and the need for augmented treatment. PMID:25173979

Potter, Carrie M; Kinner, Dina G; Tellez, Marisol; Ismail, Amid I; Heimberg, Richard G

2014-10-01

368

Factors associated with depressive symptoms in patients with heart failure.  

PubMed

Home healthcare clinicians commonly provide care for individuals with heart failure (HF). Certain factors may influence the development of depressive symptoms in those with HF. This cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational pilot study (N = 50) examined interrelationships among HF symptoms, social support (actual and perceived), social problem-solving, and depressive symptoms. Findings indicated that increased HF symptoms were related to more depressive symptoms, whereas higher levels of social support were related to fewer depressive symptoms. The use of more maladaptive problem-solving strategies was also associated with more depressive symptoms. Study results have implications for home healthcare clinicians providing care for individuals with HF, indicating a need for programs that strengthen coping skills and resources (i.e., social support and problem solving) in an effort to decrease the risk of developing depressive symptomatology. PMID:25268530

Graven, Lucinda J; Grant, Joan S; Vance, David E; Pryor, Erica R; Grubbs, Laurie; Karioth, Sally

2014-10-01

369

Sensory and motor secondary symptoms as indicators of brain vulnerability  

PubMed Central

In addition to the primary symptoms that distinguish one disorder from the next, clinicians have identified, yet largely overlooked, another set of symptoms that appear across many disorders, termed secondary symptoms. In the emerging era of systems neuroscience, which highlights that many disorders share common deficits in global network features, the nonspecific nature of secondary symptoms should attract attention. Herein we provide a scholarly review of the literature on a subset of secondary symptoms––sensory and motor. We demonstrate that their pattern of appearance––across a wide range of psychopathologies, much before the full-blown disorder appears, and in healthy individuals who display a variety of negative symptoms––resembles the pattern of appearance of network abnormalities. We propose that sensory and motor secondary symptoms can be important indicators of underlying network aberrations and thus of vulnerable brain states putting individuals at risk for psychopathology following extreme circumstances. PMID:24063566

2013-01-01

370

Symptoms following mild head injury: expectation as aetiology.  

PubMed

An affective, somatic, and memory check-list of symptoms was administered to subjects who had no personal experience or knowledge of head injury. Subjects indicated their current experiences of symptoms, then imagined having sustained a mild head injury in a motor vehicle accident, and endorsed symptoms they expected to experience six months after the injury. The checklist of symptoms was also administered to a group of patients with head injuries for comparison. Imaginary concussion reliably showed expectations in controls of a coherent cluster of symptoms virtually identical to the postconcussion syndrome reported by patients with head trauma. Patients consistently underestimated the premorbid prevalence of these symptoms compared with the base rate in controls. Symptom expectations appear to share as much variance with postconcussion syndrome as head injury itself. An aetiological role is suggested. PMID:1564481

Mittenberg, W; DiGiulio, D V; Perrin, S; Bass, A E

1992-03-01

371

Attributions of Cancer ‘Alarm’ Symptoms in a Community Sample  

PubMed Central

Background Attribution of early cancer symptoms to a non-serious cause may lead to longer diagnostic intervals. We investigated attributions of potential cancer ‘alarm’ and non-alarm symptoms experienced in everyday life in a community sample of adults, without mention of a cancer context. Methods A questionnaire was mailed to 4858 adults (?50 years old, no cancer diagnosis) through primary care, asking about symptom experiences in the past 3 months. The word cancer was not mentioned. Target 'alarm' symptoms, publicised by Cancer Research UK, were embedded in a longer symptom list. For each symptom experienced, respondents were asked for their attribution (‘what do you think caused it'), concern about seriousness (‘not at all’ to ‘extremely’), and help-seeking (‘did you contact a doctor about it’: Yes/No). Results The response rate was 35% (n?=?1724). Over half the respondents (915/1724; 53%) had experienced an ‘alarm’ symptom, and 20 (2%) cited cancer as a possible cause. Cancer attributions were highest for ‘unexplained lump’; 7% (6/87). Cancer attributions were lowest for ‘unexplained weight loss’ (0/47). A higher proportion (375/1638; 23%) were concerned their symptom might be ‘serious’, ranging from 12% (13/112) for change in a mole to 41% (100/247) for unexplained pain. Just over half had contacted their doctor about their symptom (59%), although this varied by symptom. Alarm symptoms were appraised as more serious than non-alarm symptoms, and were more likely to trigger help-seeking. Conclusions Consistent with retrospective reports from cancer patients, ‘alarm’ symptoms experienced in daily life were rarely attributed to cancer. These results have implications for understanding how people appraise and act on symptoms that could be early warning signs of cancer. PMID:25461959

Whitaker, Katriina L.; Scott, Suzanne E.; Winstanley, Kelly; Macleod, Una; Wardle, Jane

2014-01-01

372

Neuropathic sensory symptoms: association with pain and psychological factors  

PubMed Central

Background A large number of population-based studies of chronic pain have considered neuropathic sensory symptoms to be associated with a high level of pain intensity and negative affectivity. The present study examines the question of whether this association previously found in non-selected samples of chronic pain patients can also be found in chronic pain patients with underlying pathology of neuropathic sensory symptoms. Methods Neuropathic sensory symptoms in 306 patients with chronic pain diagnosed as typical neuropathic pain, radiculopathy, fibromyalgia, or nociceptive back pain were assessed using the Pain DETECT Questionnaire. Two separate cluster analyses were performed to identify subgroups of patients with different levels of self-reported neuropathic sensory symptoms and, furthermore, to identify subgroups of patients with distinct patterns of neuropathic sensory symptoms (adjusted for individual response bias regarding specific symptoms). Results ANOVA (analysis of variance) results in typical neuropathic pain, radiculopathy, and fibromyalgia showed no significant differences between the three levels of neuropathic sensory symptoms regarding pain intensity, pain chronicity, pain catastrophizing, pain acceptance, and depressive symptoms. However, in nociceptive back pain patients, significant differences were found for all variables except pain chronicity. When controlling for the response bias of patients in ratings of symptoms, none of the patterns of neuropathic sensory symptoms were associated with pain and psychological factors. Conclusion Neuropathic sensory symptoms are not closely associated with higher levels of pain intensity and cognitive-emotional evaluations in chronic pain patients with underlying pathology of neuropathic sensory symptoms. The findings are discussed in term of differential response bias in patients with versus without verified neuropathic sensory symptoms by clinical examination, medical tests, or underlying pathology of disease. Our results lend support to the importance of using adjusted scores, thereby eliminating the response bias, when investigating self-reported neuropathic symptoms by patients. PMID:24899808

Shaygan, Maryam; Böger, Andreas; Kröner-Herwig, Birgit

2014-01-01

373

Deficits in agency in schizophrenia, and additional deficits in body image, body schema, and internal timing, in passivity symptoms.  

PubMed

Individuals with schizophrenia, particularly those with passivity symptoms, may not feel in control of their actions, believing them to be controlled by external agents. Cognitive operations that contribute to these symptoms may include abnormal processing in agency as well as body representations that deal with body schema and body image. However, these operations in schizophrenia are not fully understood, and the questions of general versus specific deficits in individuals with different symptom profiles remain unanswered. Using the projected-hand illusion (a digital video version of the rubber-hand illusion) with synchronous and asynchronous stroking (500?ms delay), and a hand laterality judgment task, we assessed sense of agency, body image, and body schema in 53 people with clinically stable schizophrenia (with a current, past, and no history of passivity symptoms) and 48 healthy controls. The results revealed a stable trait in schizophrenia with no difference between clinical subgroups (sense of agency) and some quantitative (specific) differences depending on the passivity symptom profile (body image and body schema). Specifically, a reduced sense of self-agency was a common feature of all clinical subgroups. However, subgroup comparisons showed that individuals with passivity symptoms (both current and past) had significantly greater deficits on tasks assessing body image and body schema, relative to the other groups. In addition, patients with current passivity symptoms failed to demonstrate the normal reduction in body illusion typically seen with a 500?ms delay in visual feedback (asynchronous condition), suggesting internal timing problems. Altogether, the results underscore self-abnormalities in schizophrenia, provide evidence for both trait abnormalities and state changes specific to passivity symptoms, and point to a role for internal timing deficits as a mechanistic explanation for external cues becoming a possible source of self-body input. PMID:25309460

Graham, Kyran T; Martin-Iverson, Mathew T; Holmes, Nicholas P; Jablensky, Assen; Waters, Flavie

2014-01-01

374

Deficits in Agency in Schizophrenia, and Additional Deficits in Body Image, Body Schema, and Internal Timing, in Passivity Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Individuals with schizophrenia, particularly those with passivity symptoms, may not feel in control of their actions, believing them to be controlled by external agents. Cognitive operations that contribute to these symptoms may include abnormal processing in agency as well as body representations that deal with body schema and body image. However, these operations in schizophrenia are not fully understood, and the questions of general versus specific deficits in individuals with different symptom profiles remain unanswered. Using the projected-hand illusion (a digital video version of the rubber-hand illusion) with synchronous and asynchronous stroking (500?ms delay), and a hand laterality judgment task, we assessed sense of agency, body image, and body schema in 53 people with clinically stable schizophrenia (with a current, past, and no history of passivity symptoms) and 48 healthy controls. The results revealed a stable trait in schizophrenia with no difference between clinical subgroups (sense of agency) and some quantitative (specific) differences depending on the passivity symptom profile (body image and body schema). Specifically, a reduced sense of self-agency was a common feature of all clinical subgroups. However, subgroup comparisons showed that individuals with passivity symptoms (both current and past) had significantly greater deficits on tasks assessing body image and body schema, relative to the other groups. In addition, patients with current passivity symptoms failed to demonstrate the normal reduction in body illusion typically seen with a 500?ms delay in visual feedback (asynchronous condition), suggesting internal timing problems. Altogether, the results underscore self-abnormalities in schizophrenia, provide evidence for both trait abnormalities and state changes specific to passivity symptoms, and point to a role for internal timing deficits as a mechanistic explanation for external cues becoming a possible source of self-body input. PMID:25309460

Graham, Kyran T.; Martin-Iverson, Mathew T.; Holmes, Nicholas P.; Jablensky, Assen; Waters, Flavie

2014-01-01

375

Pathological pregnancy and psychological symptoms in women.  

PubMed

Pregnancy is followed by many physiologic, organic and psychological changes and disorders, which can become more serious in pregnancy followed by complications, especially in women with pathological conditions during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to find out and analyze the prevalence and intensity of psychological disorders in women with pathological conditions during pregnancy and compare it with conditions in pregnant women who had normal development of pregnancy. The research is approved by the Ethical committee of the Mostar University Hospital Center, and it was made in accordance with Helsinki declaration and good clinical practices. The research conducted section for pathology of pregnancy of Department for gynecology and obstetrics of the Mostar University Hospital Center. It included 82 pregnant women with disorders in pregnancy developement and control group consisted of pregnant women who had normal development of pregnancy. The research work was conducted from September 2007 to August 2008 in Mostar University Hospital Center. Pregnant women had Standard and laboratory tests, Ultrasound. CTG examinations were done for all pregnant women and additional tests for those women with complications during pregnancy. Pregnant women completed sociobiographical, obstetrical-clinical and psychological SCL 90-R questionnaire. Pregnant women with pathological pregnancy exibited significantly more psychological symptoms in comparison to pregnant women with normal pregnancy (p < 0.001 to p = 0.004). Frequency and intensity of psychical symptoms and disorders statisticly are more characteristic in pathological pregnancy (61%/40.6%). The statistical data indicate a significantly higher score of psychological disorders in those pregnant women with primary school education (p = 0.050), those who take more than 60% carbohydrates (p = 0.001), those with pathological CTG records (p < 0.001), those with pathological ultrasound results (p < 0.001 to 0.216) and those pregnant women with medium obesity and obesity (p = 0.046). Body mass index (BMI) during normal pregnancy development is lower (p = 0.002) but the levels of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL and LDL in blood are higher Blood pressure in pregnant women with pathological pregnancy was statistically significantly higher (p < 0.001). Diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome were found in 19 pregnant women with the pathological pregnancy. Statistically, in those women, a significantly higher appearance of psychological symptoms and disorders was observed in comparison to the pregnant women without metabolic syndrome (p < 0.001). The research has shown that 87.8% from all pregnant women included in this study have been hospitalized due to premature birth, hypertensive disorders, and diabetes in pregnancy, and also due to bleeding in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. PMID:23213943

Bjelanovi?, Vedran; Babi?, Dragan; Oreskovi?, Slavko; Tomi?, Vajdana; Martinac, Marko; Juras, Josip

2012-09-01

376

Should Unexplained Painful Physical Symptoms be Considered within the Spectrum of Depressive Symptoms?  

PubMed Central

Objective: To examine whether painful physical symptoms (PPS) can be considered within the spectrum of depressive symptoms. Methods: Data for this post-hoc analysis were taken from a 6-month observational study mostly conducted in East Asia, Mexico, and the Middle East of 1,549 depressed patients without sexual dysfunction at baseline. Both explanatory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) were performed on the combined items of the 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self-Report and the Somatic Symptom Inventory (seven pain-related items only). An additional second-order CFA was also conducted to examine an association between retained factors and the overall “depressive symptoms” factor. In addition, Spearman’s correlation was used to assess levels of correlation between retained factors and depression severity as well as quality of life. Results: Both EFA and CFA suggested and validated a four-factor solution, which included a pain factor. The other three factors identified were a mood/cognitive factor, a sleep disturbance factor, and an appetite/weight disturbance factor. All four factors were significantly associated with the overall factor of depression. They were also highly correlated to depression severity and quality of life (p<0.001 for all). The levels of correlations with the pain factor were generally greater than those with the appetite/weight factor and similar to those with the sleep factor. Conclusion: It may be reasonable to consider PPS within a broad spectrum of depressive symptoms. At least, they should be routinely assessed in patients with depression. Further research is warranted to validate these preliminary findings.

Hong, Jihyung; Novick, Diego; Montgomery, William; Aguado, Jaume; Dueńas, Héctor; Peng, Xiaomei; Haro, Josep Maria

2015-01-01

377

Association between laparoscopic abdominal surgery and postoperative symptoms of raised intracranial pressure  

Microsoft Academic Search

  Animal models have illustrated that a carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum can cause a rise in intracranial pressure (ICP).\\u000a This study investigated key symptoms and signs of raised ICP in 39 patients after laparoscopic abdominal surgery and compared\\u000a them with a control group of 33 patients after open operations. The findings show that the incidence of headache and nausea\\u000a was significantly

S. J. Cooke; S. Paterson-Brown

2001-01-01

378

Child ADHD and ODD behavior interacts with parent ADHD symptoms to worsen parenting and interparental communication.  

PubMed

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults increases risk of parenting difficulties and interparental discord. However, little is known about whether disruptive child behavior and adult ADHD operate additively or synergistically to predict parenting and interparental relationship quality. As part of a larger study, 90 parent couples were randomly assigned to interact with a 9-12 year-old confederate child exhibiting either ADHD/ODD-like behavior or typical behavior. Before these interactions, parents reported their own ADHD symptoms. Afterwards, parents reported on their partner's parenting and interparental communication behavior. Observers coded the parenting and communication behavior of both partners during the tasks. Child ADHD/ODD-like behavior was found to predict less positive and more negative parenting and communication reported by partners and observers beyond adult ADHD symptoms and other covariates. Elevated adult ADHD symptoms only uniquely increased risk of observer-coded negative parenting. Child and adult ADHD behavior interacted synergistically to predict partner-reported negative parenting and interparental communication, such that parents reporting greater ADHD symptoms-especially inattentiveness-were rated by their partners as parenting and communicating more negatively when managing child ADHD/ODD-like behavior than parents with fewer ADHD symptoms or those managing typical child behavior. Child and adult ADHD behavior did not interact to predict observer-coded parenting or interparental communication, and patterns did not differ for mothers or fathers. Our results underscore the potential risk of parents with elevated ADHD symptoms parenting and communicating negatively, at least as perceived by their partners, during interactions with children exhibiting ADHD/ODD behavior. PMID:24882503

Wymbs, Brian T; Wymbs, Frances A; Dawson, Anne E

2015-01-01

379

[Symptoms reported by mobile cellular telephone users].  

PubMed

A survey study, using questionnaire, was conducted in 161 students and workers in a French engineering school on symptoms experienced during use of digital cellular phones. A significant increase in concentration difficulty (p < 0.05) was reported by users of 1800-MHz (DCS) cellular phones compared to 900-MHz (GSM) phone users. In users of cellular phones, women significantly (p < 0.05) complained more often of sleep disturbance than men. This sex difference for sleep complaint is not observed between women and men non-users of cellular phone. The use of both cellular phones and VDT significantly (p < 0.05) increased concentration difficulty. Digital cellular phone users also significantly (p < 0.05) more often complained of discomfort, warmth, and picking on the ear during phone conversation in relation with calling duration per day and number of calls per day. The complaint of warmth on the ear might be a signal to users for stopping the call. PMID:11367556

Santini, R; Seigne, M; Bonhomme-Faivre, L; Bouffet, S; Defrasne, E; Sage, M

2001-04-01

380

Pathology Case Study: Flu-Like Symptoms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which presents a "37-year-old white female who was in excellent health until three years prior, when she developed flu-like symptoms." Visitors are given an extensive patient history along with pathologic findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

Klionsky, Bernard

381

Eating disorder symptoms in affective disorder.  

PubMed Central

Patients with Major Affective Disorder (MAD), Secondary Depression, Panic Disorder, and bulimia with and without MAD, were given the Eating Disorder Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the General Behavior Inventory at presentation. It was found that patients with MAD have a triad of eating disorder symptoms: a disturbance in interoceptive awareness, the sense of ineffectiveness, and a tendency toward bulimia. The data supported the concept that the sense of ineffectiveness is secondary to major depression. A disturbance in interoceptive awareness exists independently in bulimia nervosa and in MAD providing a common diathesis from which bulimia may arise given family and social pressure. Bulimics with MAD do not respond to treatment as readily as those without MAD. It is recomended that these two groups be treated separately. PMID:1786263

Wold, P N

1991-01-01

382

Individual residual symptoms and functional impairment in patients with depression.  

PubMed

The aim of treatment of depression is remission of symptoms and functioning. Although there is a relationship between remission of symptoms and remission of functioning, it is not known how individual residual symptoms are related to functioning. Here we report a post-hoc analysis of two studies which treated depressed patients with duloxetine in an open fashion for 10-12 weeks. We evaluated the association of individual residual symptoms and functional impairment in patients who remitted or partially remitted after acute treatment. Logistic regression was used to investigate residual symptoms associated with functional impairment at endpoint. Our results suggest that in partial remitters, the only residual symptom associated with a reduction in the risk of having impaired function was the resolution of painful physical symptoms (PPS). In patients who remitted, the presence of residual core mood symptoms (CMS), particularly in patients without any anxiety, predicted impaired functioning. The resolution of PPS in the presence of residual CMS was associated with less risk of impaired functioning. Our results contribute to understand better the role of specific residual symptoms on functional impairment. To achieve normal functioning, intervention on specific residual symptoms is recommended. PMID:25149132

Romera, Irene; Pérez, Víctor; Quail, Deborah; Berggren, Lovisa; Lenox-Smith, Alan; Gilaberte, Inmaculada

2014-12-15

383

Gastrointestinal symptoms before and during menses in healthy women  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known as to the extent gastrointestinal (GI) complaints are reported by women around menses. We aimed to describe GI symptoms that occurred premenstrually and during menses in healthy women, and to specifically assess the relationship of emotional symptoms to GI symptoms around menses. Methods We recruited healthy, premenopausal adult women with no indication of GI, gynecologic, or psychiatric disease who were attending an outpatient gynecology clinic for well-woman care. They completed a survey that queried menstrual histories and the presence of GI and emotional symptoms. We compared the prevalence of primary GI symptoms (abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, vomiting), as well as pelvic pain and bloating, in the 5 days preceding menses and during menses, and assessed whether emotional symptoms or other factors were associated with the occurrence of GI symptoms. Results Of 156 respondents, 73% experienced at least one of the primary GI symptoms either pre- or during menses, with abdominal pain (58% pre; 55% during) and diarrhea (24% pre; 28% during) being the most common. Those experiencing any emotional symptoms versus those without were more likely to report multiple (2 or more) primary GI symptoms, both premenstrually (depressed p?=?0.006; anxiety p?=?0.014) and during menses (depressed p?symptoms in both menstrual cycle phases (pre p?symptoms occurring in conjunction with GI symptoms are common perimenstrually, and as such may reflect shared underlying processes that intersect brain, gut, and hormonal pathways. PMID:24450290

2014-01-01

384

Rate and predictors of psychotic symptoms after Kashmir earthquake.  

PubMed

Psychotic symptoms are more common in general population than validated diagnosis of psychosis. There is evidence to suggest that these symptoms, hallucinations, paranoia, elated mood, thought insertion, are part of a spectrum of psychosis and may have association with the same risk factors that determine development of psychosis. These symptoms have an association with exposure to psychological trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of psychotic symptoms in the population affected by a natural disaster, earthquake in this case and possible correlates of these symptoms. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a population sample affected by the disaster, comprising of 1,291 individuals, 18 months after 2005 earthquake in Northern Pakistan and Kashmir to look at the prevalence of these symptoms and their correlates. Screening Instrument for Traumatic Stress in Earthquake Survivors and Self-Reporting Questionnaire and Psychosis Screening Questionnaire were used as tools. We examined association between the symptoms of anxiety, depression, PTSD and psychotic symptoms. We performed logistic regression analysis where hallucinations and delusions were dependent variables and demographic and trauma exposure variables were independent variables. The prevalence of psychotic symptoms ranged between 16.8 and 30.4 %. They were directly correlated with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder as well as concurrent symptoms of anxiety and depression. Lower level of education had a strong association in all the regression models. For hallucinations, living in a joint family had a negative association and participation in rescue, history of exposure to previous trauma and past psychiatric history had positive association. Paranoia was associated with female gender. Any psychiatric symptom was associated death of a family member, history of past psychiatric illness and living in a tent at the time of interview. Pattern of association of psychotic symptoms is consistent with prior literature and can be understood in the light of stress vulnerability model. PMID:25421792

Ayub, Muhammad; Saeed, Khalid; Kingdon, David; Naeem, Farooq

2014-11-25

385

Physical Characteristics of Asteroid-like Comet Nucleus C/2001 OG108 (LONEOS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For many years several investigators have suggested that some portion of the near-Earth asteroid population may actually be extinct cometary nuclei. Evidence used to support these hypotheses was based on: observations of asteroid orbits and associated meteor showers (e.g. 3200 Phaethon and the Geminid meteor shower); low activity of short period comet nuclei, which implied nonvolatile surface crusts (e.g. Neujmin 1, Arend-Rigaux); and detections of transient cometary activity in some near-Earth asteroids (e.g. 4015 Wilson-Harrington). Recent investigations have suggested that approximately 5-10% of the near- Earth asteroid population may be extinct comets. However if members of the near-Earth asteroid population are extinct cometary nuclei, then there should be some objects within this population that are near their final stages of evolution and so should demonstrate only low levels of activity. The recent detections of coma from near-Earth object 2001 OG108 have renewed interest in this possible comet-asteroid connection. This paper presents the first high quality ground-based near-infrared reflectance spectrum of a comet nucleus combined with detailed lightcurve and albedo measurements.

Abell, P. A.; Fernandez, Y. R.; Pravec, P.; French, L. M.; Farnham, T. L.; Gaffey, M. J.; Hardersen, P. S.; Kusnirak, P.; Sarounova, L.; Sheppard, S. S.

2003-01-01

386

Does repeat thymectomy improve symptoms in patients with refractory myasthenia gravis?  

PubMed

A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: Does repeat thymectomy improve symptoms in patients with refractory myasthenia gravis after thymectomy? A total of 189 papers were found using the reported search, of which seven represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The outcome measures included operative mortality and morbidity, as well as long-term remission rate. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. All the studies were small (4-21 patients), retrospective, single institutional case series. There was considerable heterogeneity in the studies. The interval between the first and second operation ranged from less than a year to over 10 years. The operative approach of the initial operation included transcervical, trans-sternal and substernal approaches. The maximal medical therapy received by the patients prior to reoperation varied from anticholinesterase alone to cytotoxic therapy and regular plasmapheresis. The severity of symptoms ranged from Osserman Class IIa to V. The operative approach to re-thymectomy included resternotomy, thoracoscopy and a combination of both. There was no perioperative mortality. One study reported injury to the innominate vein at resternotomy in 3 (14.3%) patients. One study reported myasthenic crisis in 2 patients in the postoperative period. Only one study reported complete remission in 2 patients. In general, however, 52-95% of patients reported some improvement. There was no consistent, objective measure of improvement in these studies. We conclude that repeat thymectomy for patients with refractory myasthenia gravis after previous thymectomy is safe especially for patients whose first procedure was transcervical. Complete remissions are rare but, in these small series, 60-70% of patients report improvement. Clinical improvement appears to be associated with the presence of residual thymic tissue at the second operation, but these cannot be reliably identified on preoperative imaging. Patient selection remains driven by symptoms. PMID:24532639

Ng, Jonathan K Y; Ng, Calvin S H; Underwood, Malcolm J; Lau, Kelvin K W

2014-03-01

387

Applying symptom appraisal models to understand sociodemographic differences in responses to possible cancer symptoms: a research agenda  

PubMed Central

Background: Sociodemographic inequalities in the stage of diagnosis and cancer survival may be partly due to differences in the appraisal interval (time from noticing a bodily change to perceiving a reason to discuss symptoms with a health-care professional). A number of symptom appraisal models have been developed describing the psychological factors that underlie how people make sense of symptoms, although none explicitly focus on sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: We therefore conducted a conceptual review synthesising all symptom appraisal models, and focus on potential links with sociodemographics that could be the focus of future research. Results: Common psychological elements across nine symptom appraisal models included knowledge, attention, expectation and identity, all of which could be sensitive to sociodemographic factors. For example, lower socioeconomic status (SES), male sex and older age are associated with lower health literacy generally and lower cancer symptom knowledge. Limited attentional resources, lower expectations about health and lack of social support also hamper symptom interpretation, and would be likely to be more prevalent in those from lower SES backgrounds. Symptom heuristics (‘rules of thumb') may lead to symptoms being normalised because they are common within the social network, potentially disadvantaging older populations. Conclusions: A better understanding of the processes through which people interpret their symptoms, and the way these processes differ by sociodemographic factors, could help guide the development of interventions with the aim of reducing inequalities in cancer outcomes. PMID:25734385

Whitaker, K L; Scott, S E; Wardle, J

2015-01-01

388

Dissociative symptoms and mother's marital status in young adult population.  

PubMed

Current findings suggest that mother's marital status indicating father's absence or conflicting relationship to father may be specifically related to dissociation and other stress-related symptoms. We have assessed relationships of mother's marital status, dissociative symptoms, and other psychopathological manifestations in a sample of 19 years' old young adults (N = 364) participating in European longitudinal study (European Longitudinal Study of Parenthood and Childhood). The results show clinically significant manifestations of dissociative symptoms in young adult men whose mothers were fatherless and in women whose mothers were re-married. Other psychopathological symptoms did not reach clinically significant manifestations. The results suggest that significant factor related to high level of dissociative symptoms in men growing in fatherless families might be linked with disturbed and conflicting attachment to a father's figure and pathological dependent attachment to mother. In women dissociative symptoms likely are linked to conflicting relationship between mother and daughter associated with stepfather' presence in the family. PMID:25590849

Bob, Petr; Selesova, Petra; Raboch, Jiri; Kukla, Lubomir

2015-01-01

389

Motivational enhancement of cognitive control depends on depressive symptoms.  

PubMed

Performance feedback can motivate improvements in executive function (Ravizza, Goudreau, Delgado, & Ruiz, 2012). The present study examines whether the enhancement of task switching with performance feedback is modulated by the level of depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms have been linked to deficits in processing affective information inherent to such feedback (Henriques, Glowacki, & Davidson, 1994; Pizzagalli, Jahn, & O'Shea, 2005). Task switching speed was assessed when performance feedback about accuracy was present or absent in a group of participants with minimal to moderate levels of depression. A significant positive correlation was observed between depressive symptoms and feedback effects on executive function indicating that those with lower depressive symptoms were more likely to show improvements in switching speed when performance feedback was present. These results suggest a novel link between executive function deficits and depression symptoms; namely, that greater levels of depressive symptoms are linked to diminished executive functioning via deficits in processing the affective component of performance feedback. PMID:24866522

Ravizza, Susan M; Delgado, Mauricio R

2014-08-01

390

Depressive Symptoms and Diabetes Control in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of African Americans with diabetes investigated: (1) the relationship between depressive symptoms and glycemic\\u000a control; (2) the relationship between depressive symptoms and long-term diabetes complications; (3) the relationship between\\u000a depressive symptoms and medication usage; and (4) the effects of demographic and diabetes variables on these relationships.\\u000a One-hundred twenty five African American diabetic adults who were attending health fairs

Julie A. Wagner; Gina L. Abbott; Alicia Heapy; Lynne Yong

2009-01-01

391

The Measurement of Symptoms in Children with Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine symptom prevalence, characteristics, and distress in children with cancer. The Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS) 10–18, a 30-item patient-rated instrument adapted from a previously validated adult version, provided multidimensional information about the symptoms experienced by children with cancer. This instrument was administered to 160 children with cancer aged 10–18 (45 inpatients, 115

John J. Collins; Maura E. Byrnes; Ira J. Dunkel; Jeanne Lapin; Traci Nadel; Howard T. Thaler; Tanya Polyak; Bruce Rapkin; Russell K. Portenoy

2000-01-01

392

Progression from first symptom to diagnosis in childhood brain tumours  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to investigate the evolution of clinical features between onset of symptoms and diagnosis in children\\u000a with brain tumours and to identify ways of shortening the time to diagnosis. One hundred and thirty-nine children with a brain\\u000a tumour were recruited from four UK paediatric neuro-oncology centres. Children had a median of one symptom or sign at symptom

Sophie Wilne; Jacqueline Collier; Colin Kennedy; Anna Jenkins; Joanne Grout; Shona Mackie; Karin Koller; Richard Grundy; David Walker

393

Patterns of Change in Symptom Clusters with HIV Disease Progression  

PubMed Central

Context With better antiretroviral treatments (ART), persons living with HIV (PLWH) are living longer, healthier lives. Therefore, they also experience more medical comorbidities that come with normal aging, as well as side effects of multiple treatments and long-term sequelae of HIV. It can be hard to know whether symptoms reported by PLWH are related to comorbidities or are signs of HIV disease progression and possible treatment failure. Objectives The current study was designed to disentangle these issues by examining within-person symptom changes in data collected from a cohort of PLWH before the advent of highly efficacious ART. Methods This study was a secondary analysis of symptom reports in longitudinal data collected from 246 PLWH in 1992–1994. Multilevel modeling was used to test for changes over time in HIV-related symptom clusters. Analyses also tested the effects of person-level demographic covariates and co-occurring mental health symptoms on HIV symptoms, and examined the magnitude of within-person versus between-person variations in reported symptom severity. Results Two of six HIV-related symptom clusters, malaise/fatigue and nausea/vomiting, increased over time in the context of HIV disease progression, while the other four did not. Changes were independent of baseline disease severity or psychological covariates. There was substantial within-person variability in absolute symptom severity. Conclusion Relatively small but consistent changes in symptoms related to nausea or fatigue may suggest HIV disease progression, while changes in other HIV symptom clusters may instead be related to comorbidities or normal aging. Further research is recommended on symptom progression in PLWH. PMID:21429701

Cook, Paul F.; Sousa, Karen H.; Matthews, Ellyn E.; Meek, Paula M.; Kwong, Jeffrey

2011-01-01

394

Predictors of Trauma-Related Symptoms Among Runaway Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about trauma-related symptoms among runaway adolescents. Precocious departure from familial homes often exposes youth to traumatic victimization. This study examined the extent to which runaway adolescents present trauma symptomotology and assessed factors that predict trauma symptoms. Participants (N = 350) were 12–18 years of age and currently domiciled in youth emergency shelters. Results showed that trauma symptoms were not

Michael D. McCarthy; Sanna J. Thompson

2010-01-01

395

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms Mediate Early-Onset Smoking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have often been associated with early-onset smoking. We hypothesize that reductions in ADHD symptoms due to an intervention have a mediating effect on early-onset smoking. Methods: In a universal, school-based, randomized controlled intervention trial, we examined whether intervention-induced reductions in ADHD symptoms at age 9 mediated the reduced risk of tobacco use

A. C. Huizink; P. A. C. van Lier; A. A. M. Crijnen

2009-01-01

396

ADHD-like symptoms and attachment in internationally adopted children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internationally adopted children seem to be more likely to show ADHD-like symptoms than non-adopted children. The aims of this study were to explore the existence of ADHD-like symptoms and\\/or diagnosis in a sample of internationally adopted children depending on their country of origin and to describe the links that may exist between the display of these symptoms and observed narrative-based

Neus Abrines; Natalia Barcons; Diana Marre; Carme Brun; Albert Fornieles; Victoria Fumadó

2012-01-01

397

Relationships Among Premenstrual Symptom Reports, Menstrual Attitudes, and Mindfulness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The physical and affective symptoms of a broad range of conditions are improved following mindfulness-based practices. One\\u000a set of symptoms that has yet to be explored through the lens of mindfulness, however, is that associated with the premenstruum.\\u000a Also, given the relationships among negative attitudes towards menstruation and amplified symptom reporting, it is reasonable\\u000a to expect that mindfulness qualities cultivated

M. Kathleen B. Lustyk; Winslow G. Gerrish; Haley Douglas; Sarah Bowen; G. Alan Marlatt

2011-01-01

398

Eating disorder symptoms in runners, cyclists, and paddlers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To differentiate groups of highly conditioned, competitive athletes on the basis of Exercise Orientation Questionnaire (EOQ) scores and self-reported psychiatric symptoms. Method: A total of 99 runners, 36 cyclists, and 55 paddlers were administered the EOQ and a symptom checklist. Results: Analysis of variance and chi-square associated self-loathing subscale (SLSS) scores with self-reported eating disorder (ED) symptoms for the

Alayne Yates; Jeanne D Edman; Marjorie Crago; Douglas Crowell

2003-01-01

399

Brain structural signatures of negative symptoms in depression and schizophrenia  

E-print Network

      Brain structural signatures of negative symptoms in depression and schizophrenia   Jie-Yu Chuang, Graham K Murray, Antonio Metastasio, Nuria Segarra, Roger Tait, Jenny Spencer, Hisham Ziauddeen, Robert B Dudas, Paul C Fletcher and John... Article title 2 Brain structural signatures of negative symptoms in depression and 3 schizophrenia 4 5 Running title: Neural correlates of negative symptoms 6 7 Authors 8 Jie-Yu Chuang1*, Graham K Murray1,2, 3, Antonio Metastasio4, Nuria Segarra1, Roger...

Chuang, Jie-Yu; Murray, Graham K.; Metastasio, Antonio; Segarra, Nuria; Tait, Roger; Spencer, Jenny; Ziauddeen, Hisham; Dudas, Robert B.; Fletcher, Paul C.; Suckling, John

2014-08-27

400

Children's and parents' daily stressful events and psychological symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associations of children's daily stressful events and their parents' daily hassles and psychological symptoms with children's emotional\\/behavioral problems were examined in a sample of fourth- and fifth-grade children and their parents. Correlational analyses indicated that children's self-reports of depressive symptoms were associated with children's daily stressors and mothers' daily hassles, and children's selfreports of anxiety symptoms were associated with children's

Gerard A. Banez; Bruce E. Compas

1990-01-01

401

Obstetric, somatic, and demographic risk factors for postpartum depressive symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To identify and test the predictive power of potential independent risk factors of postpartum depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the perinatal period.Methods:We conducted a case-control study where 132 women with postpartum depressive symptoms were selected as an index group and 264 women without depressive symptoms as a control group. Data related to sociodemographic status, medical, gynecologic, and obstetric history, pregnancy,

Ann Josefsson; Lisbeth Angelsiöö; Göran Berg; Carl-Magnus Ekström; Christina Gunnervik; Conny Nordin; Gunilla Sydsjö

2002-01-01

402

Endoscopic sinus surgery might reduce exacerbations and symptoms more than balloon sinuplasty  

PubMed Central

Background: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is considered after medical therapy failure of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The balloon sinuplasty dilates the natural ostium without moving mucosa or bone. It still lacks evidence from randomized controlled trials. The aim of this retrospective controlled study was to compare the symptom outcomes after maxillary sinus surgery with either the ESS or the balloon sinuplasty technique. No previous or additional sinonasal operations were accepted. Methods: Two hundred eight patients with CRS without nasal polyps underwent either balloon sinuplasty or ESS. The patients who met with the inclusion criteria (n = 45 in ESS group and n = 40 in balloon group) replied to a questionnaire of history factors, exacerbations, and a visual analog scale (VAS) scoring of the change in symptoms, on average 28 ± 6 (mean ± SD) months postoperatively. Results: The groups were identical in the response rate (64%), patient characteristics, and the improvement in all of the asked symptoms. Patients with CRS-related comorbidity and/or present occupational exposure had a statistically significantly better symptom reduction after ESS than after balloon sinusotomy. Moreover, the balloon sinusotomy group reported a statistically significant higher number of maxillary sinus punctures and antibiotic courses during the last 12 months. Conclusion: ESS might be superior to balloon sinuplasty, especially in patients with risk factors. There is a need to perform more controlled studies on the treatment choices of CRS. PMID:23232189

Koskinen, Anni; Penttilä, Matti; Myller, Jyri; Hammarén-Malmi, Sari; Silvola, Juha; Haahtela, Tari; Hytönen, Maija

2012-01-01

403

Risk factors for DSM 5 PTSD symptoms in Israeli civilians during the Gaza war  

PubMed Central

Background In light of the current modifications presented in the diagnostic criteria of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the DSM 5, this study aimed at revalidating well-known PTSD risk factors, including gender, peritraumatic dissociation, social support, level of threat, and trait tendency for forgiveness. Method Five hundred and one Israeli civilians were assessed during real-time exposure to missile and rocket fire at the eruption of the Gaza war. Assessments took place approximately one to 2 weeks after the beginning of this military operation, relying on web administration of the study, which allowed simultaneous data collection from respondents in the three regions in Israel that were under attack. Results A structural equation model design revealed that higher levels of forgiveness toward situations were associated with fewer PTSD symptoms, whereas peritraumatic dissociation and high levels of objective and subjective threat were positively associated with PTSD symptoms. Additionally, females were at higher risk for PTSD symptoms than males. Conclusions The findings of this study provide further evidence for the importance of directing preventive attention to those vulnerable to the development of elevated levels of PTSD symptoms. Theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are discussed.

Gil, Sharon; Weinberg, Michael; Or-Chen, Keren; Harel, Hila

2015-01-01

404

Suppression of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms after Head Trauma  

PubMed Central

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) encompasses a spectrum of clinical symptoms characterized by unwanted thoughts coupled with an intense compulsion to act and to repeat behavior fragments in a ritualistic and stereotyped sequence. Obsessive-compulsive symptom due to brain lesions is not rare, but suppression of these symptoms after head trauma is very rare and we found only 3 cases in review of literatures from 1966 to 2001. The case of a patient suffering with severe OCD is described of note; her symptoms disappeared following right temporo-parietofrontal lesion. PMID:22956962

Hosseini, Seyed Hamzeh; Azari, Paria; Abdi, Roohollah; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza

2012-01-01

405

Introduction Osteoporosis can be a devastating secondary symptom of both  

E-print Network

215 Introduction Osteoporosis can be a devastating secondary symptom of both acute and congenital compartment. Keywords: Osteoporosis, Neuromuscular Disease, Bone, Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA), Spinal

406

Longitudinal associations between smoking and depressive symptoms among adolescent girls.  

PubMed

Adolescence is an important period for initiation of smoking and manifestation of depression, which are often comorbid. Researchers have examined associations between depressive symptoms and smoking to elucidate whether those with increased depressive symptoms smoke more to self-medicate, whether those who smoke experience increased subsequent depressive symptoms, or both. Collectively, there have been mixed findings; however, studies have been limited by (1) cross-sectional or short-term longitudinal data or (2) the use of methods that test associations, or only one direction in the associations, rather than a fully-reciprocal model to examine directionality. This study examined the associations between smoking and depressive symptoms in a sample of adolescent girls using latent dual change scores to model (1) the effect of smoking on change in depressive symptoms, and simultaneously (2) the effect of depressive symptoms on change in smoking across ages 11-20. Data were from a cohort-sequential prospective longitudinal study (N?=?262). Girls were enrolled by age cohort (11, 13, 15, and 17 years) and were primarily White (61 %) or African American (31 %). Data were restructured by age. Every 6 months, girls reported depressive symptoms and cigarette use. Results indicated that controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, higher levels of smoking predicted a greater increase in depressive symptoms across adolescence. These findings suggest that a higher level of cigarette smoking does contribute to more depressive symptoms, which has implications for prevention of depression and for intervention and future research. PMID:23689842

Beal, Sarah J; Negriff, Sonya; Dorn, Lorah D; Pabst, Stephanie; Schulenberg, John

2014-08-01

407

Negative Symptoms and Social Cognition: Identifying Targets for Psychological Interventions  

PubMed Central

Background: How to improve treatment for negative symptoms is a continuing topic of debate. Suggestions have been made to advance psychological understanding of negative symptoms by focusing on the social cognitive processes involved in symptom formation and maintenance. Methods: Following the recommendations by the National Institute of Mental Health workshop on social cognition in schizophrenia, this study investigated associations between negative symptoms and various aspects of social cognition including Theory of Mind (ToM), attribution, empathy, self-esteem, and interpersonal self-concepts in 75 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 75 healthy controls. Results: Negative symptoms were significantly associated with difficulties in ToM, less readiness to be empathic, lower self-esteem, less self-serving bias, negative self-concepts related to interpersonal abilities, and dysfunctional acceptance beliefs. Different aspects of social cognition were mildly to moderately correlated and interacted in their impact on negative symptoms: Difficulties in ToM were associated with negative symptoms in persons with low but not in persons with medium or high levels of self-esteem. Taken together, the social cognition variables and their hypothesized interaction explained 39% of the variance in negative symptoms after controlling for neurocognition and depression. Conclusions: The results highlight the relevance of self-concepts related to social abilities, dysfunctional beliefs, and global self-worth alone and in interaction with ToM deficits for negative symptoms and thereby provide a helpful basis for advancing psychosocial interventions. PMID:21860044

Lincoln, Tania M.; Mehl, Stephanie; Kesting, Marie-Luise; Rief, Winfried

2011-01-01

408

Heterogeneous trajectories of depressive symptoms: Adolescent predictors and adult outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background Depressive symptoms display heterogeneous trajectories across adolescence and early adulthood. Identifying risk and protective factors for distinct trajectory groups, and their respective outcomes, may provide insight into the etiological underpinnings of different symptom courses and inform the targets and timing of intervention. Methods A school-based sample of 719 adolescents completed four diagnostic evaluations and up to 7 annually mailed questionnaires assessing psychiatric symptoms and psychosocial risk and protective factors. Parental history of psychiatric disorder was assessed. Growth mixture modeling (GMM) was used to identify latent depressive symptom trajectories from mid-adolescence through age 30, as well as their predictors in mid-adolescence and adult outcomes. Results A three class model consisting of high stable (32%), moderate decreasing (44%), and low decreasing (24%) depressive symptom trajectories emerged as the preferred solution. Demographic, psychosocial, and psychiatric characteristics differentiated the low and high symptom classes, and provided support for interpersonal models of depression chronicity. Members of the moderate and high symptom classes evidenced the worst psychosocial and psychiatric outcomes by age 30, with members of the high symptom class showing the greatest levels of impairment. Limitations Cross-sectional measurement and floor effects of several predictor variables may have obscured the relations between those predictors and trajectory class membership. Conclusion These findings suggest that prevention and intervention strategies may specifically target young women and those who experience poor interpersonal functioning in an effort to alter the course of depressive symptoms through early adulthood. PMID:22963892

Yaroslavsky, Ilya; Pettit, Jeremy W.; Lewinsohn, Peter M.; Seeley, John R.; Roberts, Robert E.

2012-01-01

409

Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome is a severe idiosyncratic drug reaction with a long latency period. It has been described using many terms; however, drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome appears to be the most appropriate. This syndrome causes a diverse array of clinical symptoms, anywhere from 2 to 8 weeks after initiating the offending drug. Standardized criteria for the diagnosis have been developed; however, their utility remains to be validated. Unfortunately, the management of drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome is not well supported by strong evidence-based data. PMID:23882307

McLeod, Michael; Torchia, Daniele; Romanelli, Paolo

2013-01-01

410

Latent Class Analysis of YBOCS Symptoms in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder  

PubMed Central

Objective Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is phenomenologically heterogeneous, and findings of underlying structure classification based on symptom grouping have been ambiguous to date. Variable-centered approaches, primarily factor analysis, have been used to identify homogeneous groups of symptoms, but person-centered latent methods have seen little use. This study was designed to uncover sets of homogeneous groupings within 1611 individuals with OCD, based on symptoms. Method Latent class analysis (LCA) models using 61 obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) collected from the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale were fit. Relationships between latent class membership and treatment response, gender, symptom severity and comorbid tic disorders were tested for relationship to class membership. Results LCA models of best fit yielded three classes. Classes differed only in frequency of symptom endorsement. Classes with higher symptom endorsement were associated with earlier age of onset, being male, higher YBOCS symptom severity scores, and comorbid tic disorders. There were no differences in treatment response between classes. Conclusions These results provide support for the validity of a single underlying latent OCD construct, in addition to the distinct symptom factors identified previously via factor analyses. PMID:21145539

Delucchi, Kevin L.; Katerberg, Hilga; Stewart, S. Evelyn; Denys, Damiaan A.J.P.; Lochner, Christine; Stack, Denise E.; den Boer, Johan A.; van Balkom, Anton J.L.M.; Jenike, Michael A.; Stein, Dan J.; Cath, Danielle C.; Mathews, Carol A.

2010-01-01

411

Nonmotor symptoms in a malaysian Parkinson's disease population.  

PubMed

Background. The nonmotor symptoms are important determinants of health and quality of life in Parkinson's disease but are not well recognized and addressed in clinical practice. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of nonmotor symptoms and their impact on quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods. This was a cross-sectional study among patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Exclusion criteria were a Mini Mental State Examination score of <21/30. Prevalence of nonmotor symptoms was determined using the NMSQuest. The severity of nonmotor symptoms and the quality of life were assessed using validated disease-specific questionnaires (PDQ-39 and NMSS). Results. A total of 113 patients consisting of 60 males and 53 females were recruited. The median duration of illness was 5.0 (2.0-8.0) years. The prevalence rate of nonmotor symptoms in our cohort was 97.3%. The most common reported nonmotor symptom in our cohort was gastrointestinal (76.1%). We found that the severity of the nonmotor symptoms was associated with poorer quality of life scores (r s : 0.727, P < 0.001). Conclusions. Nonmotor symptoms were highly prevalent in our patients with Parkinson's disease and adversely affected the quality of life of our patients. In contrast to western studies, the most common nonmotor symptom is gastrointestinal. The possibility of an Asian diet playing a role in this observation requires further study. PMID:24800102

Azmin, Shahrul; Khairul Anuar, Abdul Manaf; Tan, Hui Jan; Nafisah, Wan Yahya; Raymond, Azman Ali; Hanita, Othman; Shah, Shamsul Azhar; Norlinah, Mohamed Ibrahim

2014-01-01

412

Nonmotor Symptoms in a Malaysian Parkinson's Disease Population  

PubMed Central

Background. The nonmotor symptoms are important determinants of health and quality of life in Parkinson's disease but are not well recognized and addressed in clinical practice. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of nonmotor symptoms and their impact on quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods. This was a cross-sectional study among patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Exclusion criteria were a Mini Mental State Examination score of <21/30. Prevalence of nonmotor symptoms was determined using the NMSQuest. The severity of nonmotor symptoms and the quality of life were assessed using validated disease-specific questionnaires (PDQ-39 and NMSS). Results. A total of 113 patients consisting of 60 males and 53 females were recruited. The median duration of illness was 5.0 (2.0–8.0) years. The prevalence rate of nonmotor symptoms in our cohort was 97.3%. The most common reported nonmotor symptom in our cohort was gastrointestinal (76.1%). We found that the severity of the nonmotor symptoms was associated with poorer quality of life scores (rs: 0.727, P < 0.001). Conclusions. Nonmotor symptoms were highly prevalent in our patients with Parkinson's disease and adversely affected the quality of life of our patients. In contrast to western studies, the most common nonmotor symptom is gastrointestinal. The possibility of an Asian diet playing a role in this observation requires further study. PMID:24800102

Azmin, Shahrul; Khairul Anuar, Abdul Manaf; Tan, Hui Jan; Nafisah, Wan Yahya; Raymond, Azman Ali; Hanita, Othman; Shah, Shamsul Azhar; Norlinah, Mohamed Ibrahim

2014-01-01

413

Respiratory symptoms questionnaire for asthma epidemiology: validity and reproducibility.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: There is a need for a new respiratory symptoms questionnaire for use in epidemiological research in asthma. METHOD: A questionnaire was designed following a pilot study in 78 subjects. It contains nine questions on symptoms such as wheeze and difficulty with breathing in defined circumstances such as exercise and sleep. It was completed by 211 adults and validated by comparison with a self reported history of asthma and with bronchial hyperresponsiveness to histamine. Its short term reproducibility was measured by three repeat administrations over two weeks. RESULTS: Subjects with asthma (n = 33), particularly those having had an asthma attack in the last year (n = 23), were more likely to report any symptom and to report a greater number of symptoms than those without asthma. The same relationship was found for bronchial hyperresponsiveness and symptoms. Either two or more, or three or more, symptoms appeared to be good indices of self reported asthma and bronchial hyperresponsiveness, or both, with a high sensitivity (65-91%) and specificity (85-96%). Reproducibility was good, with few subjects changing the number of symptoms reported by more than one symptom and none by more than four symptoms. The results compared favourably with those from questions on phlegm production from the MRC questionnaire and were better than those reported for the MRC wheeze questions. CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire will be useful for epidemiological research on asthma and could form part of a new standardised questionnaire with wide applications. PMID:8497818

Venables, K M; Farrer, N; Sharp, L; Graneek, B J; Newman Taylor, A J

1993-01-01

414

Psychotic symptoms in normal pressure hydrocephalus.  

PubMed

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus due to idiopathic aqueductal stenosis is a chronic abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the cerebral ventricles caused by an obstruction in the Sylvian aqueduct. This leads to a dilatation of the ventricular system and to subsequent damage of the adjacent parenchyma. Although NPH typically presents with the progressive 'triad' of cognitive impairment, gait disturbance and urinary incontinence, it has been described that it rarely manifests in the form of predominant psychotic symptoms. It has been suggested that thought and perceptual disorders could develop secondary to the damage caused by NPH. Although precise anatomical correlates have not yet been established, certain cerebral regions -primarily the frontal cortex, mesencephalic and diencephalic structures of the brain- have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hydrocephalic psychosis. Because frontal lobe lesions are traditionally known to facilitate one's inability to integrate and correct perceptual distortions in the face of contradictory evidence, frontal lobe dysfunction may be integral in delineating the etiology of delusions in NPH. We present the case of a 30-year-old female, admitted involuntarily to our acute psychiatric department because she exhibited aggressive behavior while being in an agitated state with delusions of persecution. Her neurological examination disclosed subtle bradykinesia. Neuropsychological batteries and intelligence testing revealed mild cognitive impairment and a CT scan showed considerable dilatation of the ventricular system due to idiopathic aqueductal stenosis. While a conservative approach was chosen for the treatment of NPH, our patient was initiated on 2nd generation antipsychotics showing marked improvement of her psychiatric symptomatology. The atypical presentation of hydrocephalus in the aforementioned case underlines the necessity to thoroughly investigate the possible presence of an underlying organic factor in those patients who present with predominant psychotic symptoms in association with soft non-localising neurological signs and mild cognitive deficits. Furthermore, our patient's marked improvement indicates that, in cases where the primary cause is treated conservatively, hydrocephalic psychosis could respond to 2nd generation antipsychotics. In light of this case report, we reviewed past and present literature on the matter. PMID:24185090

Chatziioannidis, S; Charatsidou, I; Nikolaidis, N; Garyfallos, G; Giouzepas, I

2013-01-01

415

Toward the Next Generation of Negative Symptom Assessments: The Collaboration to Advance Negative Symptom Assessment in Schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

Negative symptoms in schizophrenia are related to poor functional outcome, persistent over time, a source of burden for caregivers, and only minimally responsive to currently available medications. A major challenge to developing efficacious interventions concerns the valid and reliable assessment of negative symptoms. In a recent consensus statement on negative symptoms, a central recommendation was the need to develop new assessment approaches that address the limitations of existing instruments. In the current report, we summarize the background and rationale for the Collaboration to Advance Negative Symptom Assessment in Schizophrenia (CANSAS). The CANSAS project is an National Institute of Mental Health-funded multisite study that is constructing a next-generation negative symptom scale, the Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS). The CAINS is being developed within a data-driven iterative process that seeks to ensure the measure’s reliability, validity, and utility for both basic psychopathology and treatment development research. PMID:20861151

Blanchard, Jack J.; Kring, Ann M.; Horan, William P.; Gur, Raquel

2011-01-01

416

The Relative Impact of Socioeconomic Status and Childhood Trauma on Black-White Differences in Paranoid Personality Disorder Symptoms  

PubMed Central

The current study examines mechanisms of racial differences in symptoms of paranoid personality disorder (PPD) in a sample of adults ages 55–64 from the St. Louis, MO area. Socioeconomic status (SES) and childhood trauma were tested as intervening variables in the association between race and PPD symptoms using structural equation modeling. PPD symptoms were modeled as a latent variable composed of items from the PPD scales of the Multi-Source Assessment of Personality Pathology self and informant reports and the Structured Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM–IV) Personality. Childhood trauma was measured using the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire, and SES was a composite of parent education, participant education, and annual household income. Blacks exhibited higher levels of PPD symptoms across the 3 personality measures, reported significantly lower SES, and reported greater childhood trauma. The proposed model was a good fit to the data, and the effect of race on PPD symptoms operated mainly through SES. The indirect effect through SES was stronger for males. Findings suggest that racial differences in PPD symptoms are partly explained by problems more commonly experienced by Black individuals. PMID:24661172

Iacovino, Juliette M.; Jackson, Joshua J.; Oltmanns, Thomas F.

2015-01-01

417

Surgical management of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum: pleading for a symptom-guided approach.  

PubMed

Two surgical approaches are usually employed in the treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum (DIER): colorectal resection removing the rectal segment affected by the disease, and nodule excision either without opening the rectum (shaving) or by removing the nodule along with the surrounding rectal wall (full thickness or disc excision). Although the present available data are from retrospective series reported by surgeons who generally perform only one technique, there is no evidence to support the risk of recurrences as a valid argument in favour of colorectal resection over rectal nodule excision. The advantage of a lower morbidity associated with nodule excision is not necessarily at the cost of an increased rate of pain recurrences, especially in women benefiting from post-operative medical treatment. The symptom-guided surgical approach in DIER primarily focuses on the relief of digestive symptoms and pelvic pains, rather than on mandatory 'carcinologic' resection of lesions. In addition, the risk of new post-operative unpleasant symptoms as a result of a compulsory and systematic excision of all endometriotic foci may be avoided. In a majority of cases, pelvic anatomy and digestive function can be restored by shaving or disc excision, as well as by colorectal resection; thus digestive complaints can be resolved even when the rectum is conserved. The most accurate evaluation of the results of DIER surgery should be provided by post-operative evolution in digestive function. Even though quality of life is improved for the majority of patients managed by colorectal resection, the question is whether or not a greater health improvement can be achieved by performing nodule excision, which avoids various post-operative and functional digestive complications. In addition, continuous medical treatment leads to a decrease in endometriotic nodules and prevents post-operative pain recurrences. Instead of choosing between medical and surgical management in the treatment of DIER, it is most likely that the two therapies should be associated. PMID:21131296

Roman, Horace; Vassilieff, Maud; Gourcerol, Guillaume; Savoye, Guillaume; Leroi, Anne Marie; Marpeau, Loďc; Michot, Francis; Tuech, Jean-Jacques

2011-02-01

418

Co-existing symptoms and risk factors among African school children with hyperactivity-inattention symptoms in Kinshasa, Congo  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of the study were to explore hyperactivity–inattention (HI) symptoms and co-existing symptoms of emotional and behavioural\\u000a problems among African school children and their relationship with health status, socio-demographic factors, and school performance.\\u000a Method: A case–control approach was used. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to explore the co-existing\\u000a emotional and behavioural symptoms and a semi-structured interview

Espérance Kashala; Astri Lundervold; Kristian Sommerfelt; Thorkild Tylleskär; Irene Elgen

2006-01-01

419

Cognitive emotion regulation strategies and neuroticism in relation to depressive symptoms following burn injury: a longitudinal study with a 2-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Sustaining burns is considered a stressful life event that has the power to elicit depressive symptoms. This study aimed to identify predictors of depressive symptoms by investigating the role of demographic variables, the number of operations (burn severity), neuroticism, and cognitive emotion regulation styles as possible influencing factors. Data from 242 patients with burns were analyzed employing latent growth modeling. The level of depressive symptoms across the 2-year interval was associated with burn severity, higher levels of neuroticism and rumination, and lower levels of positive refocusing. Notably, rumination partly mediated the effect of neuroticism on the course of depressive symptoms. Correlational analysis suggested a specific effect of burn severity on rumination. The results indicate that screening for symptoms of depression, rumination, and neuroticism in burn patients is useful. Early interventions focusing on cognitive restructuring could assist in improving the cognitive emotional adaptation process following a burn event. PMID:24126570

Van Loey, Nancy E; Oggel, Anne; Goemanne, Anne-Sofie; Braem, Leen; Vanbrabant, Leonard; Geenen, Rinie

2014-10-01

420

[Cardinal symptom vertigo from the neurologist's perspective].  

PubMed

In most patients with vertigo, the first and clinically most important question posed to neurologists is whether it is a central or a peripheral syndrome. In more than 90?% of cases, this differentiation is made possible by systematically recording the patient history (asking about the type of vertigo, the duration, triggers and accompanying symptoms) and conducting a physical examination. Particularly in the case of acute vertigo disorders, a five-step procedure has proven useful: 1. A cover test to look for vertical divergence (skew deviation) as a central sign and component of the ocular tilt reaction (OTR); 2. Examination with and without Frenzel goggles to differentiate between peripheral vestibular spontaneous nystagmus and central fixation nystagmus; 3. Examination of smooth pursuit; 4. Examination of the gaze-holding function (particularly gaze-evoked nystagmus beating in the opposite direction to spontaneous nystagmus); 5. The head impulse test to look for a deficit in the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Considerable advances have been made in the pharmacotherapy of vertigo disorders during the last 10 years, including cortisone for the treatment of acute vestibular neuritis, betahistine as a high-dose long-term treatment for Meničre's disease, carbamazepine to treat vestibular paroxysmia and aminopyridine for down- and upbeat nystagmus and episodic ataxia type 2. PMID:23979117

Strupp, M; Muth, C; Böttcher, N; Bayer, O; Teufel, J; Feil, K; Bremova, T; Kremmyda, O; Fischer, C S

2013-09-01

421

Evaporative Gasoline Emissions and Asthma Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Attached garages are known to be associated with indoor air volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This study looked at indoor exposure to VOCs presumably from evaporative emissions of gasoline. Alaskan gasoline contains 5% benzene making benzene a marker for gasoline exposure. A survey of randomly chosen houses with attached garages was done in Anchorage Alaska to determine the exposure and assess respiratory health. Householders were asked to complete a health survey for each person and a household survey. They monitored indoor air in their primary living space for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes for one week using passive organic vapor monitoring badges. Benzene levels in homes ranged from undetectable to 58 parts per billion. The median benzene level in 509 homes tested was 2.96 ppb. Elevated benzene levels in the home were strongly associated with small engines and gasoline stored in the garage. High concentrations of benzene in gasoline increase indoor air levels of benzene in residences with attached garages exposing people to benzene at levels above ATSDR’s minimal risk level. Residents reported more severe symptoms of asthma in the homes with high gasoline exposure (16%) where benzene levels exceeded the 9 ppb. PMID:20948946

Gordian, Mary Ellen; Stewart, Alistair W; Morris, Stephen S

2010-01-01

422

Giardiasis in patients with dyspeptic symptoms  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the prevalence of giardiasis in patients with dyspeptic symptoms. METHODS: Clinical records of consecutive patients who attended Gastroenterology Department at Aga Khan University Hospital from January 2000 to June 2003 and had esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with duodenal biopsies and international classification of diseases 9th revision with clinical modifications (ICD-9-CM) coded with giardiasis were studied. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty patients fulfilled the above criteria. There were 44% (96/220) patients who were giardiasis positive, 72% (69/96) of them were males and 28% (27/96) of them were females. There were 65% (81/124) males and 35% (43/124) females who were giardiasis negative. The mean age of patients with giardiasis was 28±17 years, while that of giardiasis negative patients was 40±18 years (P<0.001). In patients with giardiasis, abdominal pain was present in 71% (68/96) of patients (P = 0.02) and diarrhea in 29% (28/96) (P = 0.005); duodenitis in 25% (24/96) on EGD (P = 0.006) and in 68% (65/96) on histopathology (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Giardiasis occurs significantly in young people with abdominal pain, while endoscopic duodenitis is seen in only 25% of giardiasis positive cases, which supports routine duodenal biopsy. PMID:16425362

Yakoob, Javed; Jafri, Wasim; Abid, Shahab; Jafri, Nadim; Hamid, Saeed; Shah, Hasnain Ali; Rizvi, Lubna; Islam, Muhammad; Shaikh, Hizbullah

2005-01-01

423

[Anal symptoms of gastro-intestinal diseases].  

PubMed

In most cases the ano-cutaneous clinical symptoms correlated to diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract are not specific (erythema, itching, wounds or scarring). However in the following diseases occasional dermatological lesions may directly contribute to their diagnosis: in Crohn's disease, tuberculosis of bowel, chronic entamoebiasis and bilharziosis, the skin lesions of the anal area have the same histological structure as the gut lesions. Perianal fistulas and ulcers are frequent in Crohn's disease especially if there is a colonic and rectal spreading; they respond badly to steroid therapy and are often correlated with a worse prognosis. Perianal specific lesions occur often in oxyuriasis in children, in candidiasis of the digestive tract, in systemic aphthosis and in some malignancies. In other gastro-intestinal disturbances, the dermatological and features are less specific and can only be suggestive: iatrogenic and microbial diarrheas, side-effects of laxatives, proctological diseases. It has to be emphasized that pruritus ani is only induced by deeper lesions when they spread to the perianal skin. In proctological practice, contact dermatitis by sensitivity to anaesthetics or suppository balsams (Peruvian balsam), itching or burning atrophy by topical steroid abuse, non-diagnosed fungal (candidiasis), bacterial (erythrasma) or psoriatic intertrigos (flexural psoriasis) may sometimes explain the failure of therapy. PMID:485013

Grosshans, E; Jenn, P; Baumann, R; Weill, J P; Basset, A

1979-01-01

424

Late-life Depressive Symptoms: Prediction Models of Change  

PubMed Central

Background Depression is a well-recognised problem in the elderly. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with predictors of change in depressive symptoms, both in subjects with and without baseline significant depressive symptoms. Methods Longitudinal study of community-dwelling elderly people (>60 years or older), baseline evaluations, and two additional evaluations were reported. Depressive symptoms were measured using a 30-item Geriatric Depression Scale, and a score of 11 was used as cutoff point for significant depressive symptoms in order to stratify the analyses in two groups: with significant depressive symptoms and without significant depressive symptoms. Sociodemographic data, social support, anxiety, cognition, positive affect, control locus, activities of daily living, recent traumatic life events, physical activity, comorbidities, and quality of life were evaluated. Multi-level generalised estimating equation model was used to assess the impact on the trajectory of depressive symptoms. Results 7,882 subjects were assessed, with 29.42% attrition. At baseline assessment, mean age was 70.96 years, 61.15% were women. Trajectories of depressive symptoms had a decreasing trend. Stronger associations in those with significant depressive symptoms, were social support (OR .971, p<.001), chronic pain (OR 2.277, p<.001) and higher locus of control (OR .581, p<.001). In contrast for those without baseline significant depressive symptoms anxiety and a higher locus of control were the strongest associations. Conclusions New insights into late-life depression are provided, with special emphasis in differentiated factors influencing the trajectory when stratifying regarding basal status of significant depressive symptoms. Limitations The study has not included clinical evaluations and nutritional assessments PMID:23731940

García-Peńa, Carmen; Wagner, Fernando A.; Sánchez-García, Sergio; Espinel-Bermúdez, Claudia; Juárez-Cedillo, Teresa; Pérez-Zepeda, Mario; Arango-Lopera, Victoria; Franco-Marina, Francisco; Ramírez-Aldana, Ricardo; Gallo, Joseph

2013-01-01

425

Fermi LAT detection of a GeV flare from blazar OG 050 (TXS 0529+075)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Large Area Telescope (LAT), one of the two instruments on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, has observed gamma-ray flaring activity from a source positionally consistent with the flat spectrum radio quasar OG 050, also known as TXS 0529+075 and 2FGL J0532.7+0733 (Abdo et al. 2011, ApJS, submitted, arXiv:1108.1435) with VLBI coordinates, (J2000.0), R.A.: 05h 32m 38.9984s, Dec. +07d 32m 43.345s (Beasley et al.

Ciprini, Stefano

2011-11-01

426

Operating Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Rashid Bin Muhammad at Kent State University presents his page of lectures notes and other instructional materials on operating systems. The site is divided into a number of topics about operating systems: history, structure, process, threads, Solaris-2, CPU / process scheduling, schedule algorithm, interprocess communication, deadlock, important UNIX commands, and references. The site is then followed by links to outside resources to help supplement the material presented here. This is a great resource for computer science instructors teaching students about operating systems.

Bin Muhammad, Rashid

427

Respiratory symptoms in arable farmworkers: role of storage mites.  

PubMed

Storage mites (acarid mites) are related to the house dust mite but are usually found in agricultural environments. They have been shown to cause allergic symptoms in Scottish farmworkers exposed to stored hay, but whether farmworkers who grow and store grain are also at risk is unknown. One hundred and one farmworkers on 22 Essex farms with grain storage facilities (88% of the available workforce) participated in a survey of respiratory symptoms, with skin tests and determination of serum levels of IgE specific for mite species, including storage mites. Of the 101 workers, 21 reported attacks of cough, wheeze, or breathlessness after exposure to stored grain and 15 reported nasal symptoms after grain exposure. Storage mite specific IgE was found in 59% of farmworkers with work related respiratory symptoms, in 60% with work related nasal symptoms, and in only 9% of symptomless farmworkers. Work related respiratory and nasal symptoms were also significantly associated with atopy, and with positive skin test responses and serum IgE specific for Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Storage mites were found in grain samples from 16 farms in which grain was sampled, whereas D pteronyssinus was not found in any. The close association between serum storage mite specific IgE and occupational respiratory symptoms suggests that storage mites may be responsible for respiratory symptoms in these Essex farmworkers exposed to grain. PMID:3194876

Blainey, A D; Topping, M D; Ollier, S; Davies, R J

1988-09-01

428

Are Lay People Good at Recognising the Symptoms of Schizophrenia?  

PubMed Central

Aim The aim of this study was to explore the general public’s perception of schizophrenia symptoms and the need to seek-help for symptoms. The recognition (or ‘labelling’) of schizophrenia symptoms, help-seeking behaviours and public awareness of schizophrenia have been suggested as potentially important factors relating to untreated psychosis. Method Participants were asked to rate to what extent they believe vignettes describing classic symptoms (positive and negative) of schizophrenia indicate mental illness. They were also asked if the individuals depicted in the vignettes required help or treatment and asked to suggest what kind of help or treatment. Results Only three positive symptoms (i.e., Hallucinatory behaviour, Unusual thought content and Suspiciousness) of schizophrenia were reasonably well perceived (above 70%) as indicating mental illness more than the other positive or negative symptoms. Even when the participants recognised that the symptoms indicated mental illness, not everyone recommended professional help. Conclusion There may be a need to improve public awareness of schizophrenia and psychosis symptoms, particularly regarding an awareness of the importance of early intervention for psychosis. PMID:23301001

Erritty, Philip; Wydell, Taeko N.

2013-01-01

429

Symptom Characteristics of Counseling Center and Mental Health Service Clients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students requesting personal counseling at a counseling center and a university mental health service were administered the SCL-90, a self-report symptom rating scale. Results indicate no significant difference between users of the counseling center and of the mental health service when compared on distress associated with presenting symptoms.…

Aniskiewicz, Albert S.

1979-01-01

430

Gender differences in the perceptions of common cold symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Higher rates of reported morbidity among women are sometimes attributed to lower thresholds among women for experiencing and reporting symptoms. Gender differences in the perception of signs and symptoms of minor illness were examined on data from the MRC Common Cold Unit. Volunteers assessed the presence and severity of colds at the end of their stay in the Unit, using

Sally Macintyre

1993-01-01

431

Effect of exercise intensity on depressive symptoms in women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exercise has been shown to relieve depressive symptoms, yet optimal exercise intensity for treating depression has not been established. The mechanisms that explain the antidepressant effect of exercise also require investigation. The purpose of this study was to test (a) the effect of two different exercise intensities prescribed for aerobic training on depressive symptoms, and (b) a previously proposed psychological

I.-Hua Chu; Janet Buckworth; Timothy E. Kirby; Charles F. Emery

2009-01-01

432

Gender Differences in the Reporting of Physical and Somatoform Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Women have consistently been shown to report greater numbers of physical symptoms. Our aim in this study was to assess gender differences for specific symptoms and to assess how much of these differences were attributable to psychiatric comorbidity. Method: Data from the PRIME-MD 1000 study (1000 patients from four primary care sites evaluated with the Primary Care Evaluation of

KURT KROENKE; ROBERT L. SPITZER

433

Maternal and Paternal Depressive Symptoms as Predictors of Toddler Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we explored the relation between maternal and paternal depressive symptoms and toddler adjustment in a community sample, testing direct, additive, and interactive models of parental depressive symptoms and child adjustment. Participants were 49 families with 30-month-old children. Data were collected on maternal and paternal…

Weinfield, Nancy S.; Ingerski, Lisa; Moreau, Stacey Coffey

2009-01-01

434

[Pharmacological treatment of behavioral symptoms in dementia patients].  

PubMed

Cognitive manifestations usually are the primary abnormalities in dementia. In most cases cognitive deterioration arise in association with behavioral disturbances, and may accelerate institutionalization of patients. Noncognitive symptoms are distressing for both patients and their caregivers. These symptoms are described as "behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia--BPSD" or neuropsychiatric symptoms. BPSD occurs in all types of dementia, and often are among the most prominent symptoms in the clinical course of the disease. Some disturbances like agitation and aggression may be disruptive and life-treating for patients and surrounding people. Non-pharmacological interventions should be recommended as a first line treatment unless BPSD symptoms are severe, persistent or recurrent. Drug treatment should have a specific target symptom. Atypical antipsychotics are widely used as the first line pharmacological approach to treat BPSD. Antidepressants, anxiolytics and antiepileptic's are also used. Treatment with cholinesterase inhibitors and/or memantine may delay the onset of BPSD and reduce the severity of some symptoms. Effective and safe treatment of BPSD should significantly improves the quality of life of patients and their caregivers. PMID:25141581

Gabryelewicz, Tomasz

2014-01-01

435

Gender Role Orientation and Anxiety Symptoms among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluated gender role theory as an explanation for the observed gender differences in anxiety symptoms among adolescents. Specifically, the relation between gender, gender role orientation (i.e., masculinity and femininity), self-esteem, and anxiety symptoms was examined in a community sample of 114 African Americans aged 14 to…

Palapattu, Anuradha G.; Kingery, Julie Newman; Ginsburg, Golda S.

2006-01-01

436

Clinical Symptoms in Patients With Sustained Ventricular Tachycardia  

PubMed Central

We questioned 113 patients with subsequently diagnosed sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) regarding the symptoms that prompted their seeking hospital treatment, eliciting the following: 15% of patients had lost consciousness, 15% had near syncope, 35% had mild lightheadedness and 35% had no cerebral symptoms. Patients with preexisting congestive heart failure or a VT rate of 200 beats per minute or greater more often lost consciousness. Other symptoms included palpitations in 57% of patients, chest pain in 27%, dyspnea in 25%, weakness in 6%, nausea or diaphoresis in 3% each and flushing in 2%. In approximately 50% of patients who had mild lightheadedness or no cerebral symptoms, their condition was incorrectly diagnosed as supraventricular tachycardia based on the absence of severe symptoms during the tachycardia. In some patients, VT may be associated with mild or atypical symptoms. The differentiation of supraventricular from ventricular tachycardia should be based on electrocardiographic criteria and should not be influenced by the nature or severity of a patient's symptoms. The severity of cerebral symptoms is at least partially related to the VT rate and a patient's underlying heart disease. PMID:3993009

Scheinman, Melvin M.; Morady, Fred; Shen, Edward N.; Bhandari, Anil; Schwartz, Alan B.

1985-01-01

437

Parent and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms: The Role of Parental Attributions  

PubMed Central

This study examined whether negative parental attributions for adolescent behaviour mediate the association between parental and adolescent depressive symptoms, and whether this relationship is moderated by adolescent gender. Mothers and fathers and 124 adolescents (76 girls and 48 boys; ages 14 to 18) participated. Adolescents were primarily Caucasian, and varied in the level of depressive symptoms (with 27% of the sample meeting diagnostic criteria for a current unipolar depressive disorder). Parents and adolescents completed measures of depressive symptoms, and participated in a videotaped problem-solving discussion. After the discussion, each parent watched the videotape and, at 20s intervals, offered attributions for their adolescent's behaviour. Adolescent gender moderated the relation between parental attributions and adolescent depressive symptoms, with stronger associations for female adolescents. For both mothers and fathers, both parental depressive symptoms and negative attributions about the adolescent's behaviour made unique contributions to the prediction of depressive symptoms in adolescent females. There also was evidence that negative attributions partially mediated the link between depressive symptoms in mothers and adolescent daughters. The results are interpreted as consistent with parenting as a partial mediator between parental and adolescent depressive symptoms, and suggest that adolescent girls may be particularly sensitive to parents' negative interpretations of their behaviour. PMID:18712594

Chen, Mandy; Johnston, Charlotte; Sheeber, Lisa; Leve, Craig

2009-01-01

438

PDD Symptoms in ADHD, an Independent Familial Trait?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this study were to investigate whether subtle PDD symptoms in the context of ADHD are transmitted in families independent of ADHD, and whether PDD symptom familiality is influenced by gender and age. The sample consisted of 256 sibling pairs with at least one child with ADHD and 147 healthy controls, aged 5-19 years. Children who…

Nijmeijer, J. S.; Hoekstra, P. J.; Minderaa, R. B.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Altink, M. E.; Buschgens, C. J. M.; Fliers, E. A.; Rommelse, N. N. J.; Sergeant, J. A.; Hartman, C. A.

2009-01-01

439

Diagnosis of tachycardia syndromes associated with orthostatic symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterized by excessive tachycardia only in upright position without evidence of a cardiac or metabolic disease in combination with orthostatic symptoms like dizziness, lightheadedness or syncope but without relevant falls in blood pressure. The cause is unknown. A specific diagnostic marker has not been found so far. Eighteen patients with typical symptoms of POTS

S. Braune; C. Wrocklage; J. Schulte-Mönting; R. Schnitzer; C. H. Lücking

1999-01-01

440

Automated FMEA based diagnostic symptom generation. Neal Snooke1,  

E-print Network

The comprehensive on-board diagnosis of faults in many aerospace and other engineered systems requires real time). The resulting diagnostic system comprises a set of efficiently evaluated symptoms and their associated faults and only preserve sufficient symptom detail to isolate faults given these available observations. This work

Snooke, Neal

441

BACTERIAL MENINGITIS AND SWINE FLU THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE SYMPTOMS  

E-print Network

BACTERIAL MENINGITIS AND SWINE FLU THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE SYMPTOMS At this time of year, flu is becoming more common and, even with swine flu, is usually not a severe disease. However, the symptoms of meningitis can superficially resemble those of flu, so beware. Below is a brief summary of how

Oxford, University of

442

Aerosolization of a sneeze What are the Symptoms of Flu?  

E-print Network

Aerosolization of a sneeze What are the Symptoms of Flu? Fever Body Aches, disinfectant wipes, antiseptic hand gel and tissue to avoid extra trips out while sick. What To Do If Flu EMPLOYEE SHOULD DEVELOP FLU SYMPTOMS Send employee home and have employee seek medical attention

Fainman, Yeshaiahu

443

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Linkage and heritability analysis of migraine symptom groupings  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Linkage and heritability analysis of migraine symptom groupings / Published online: 19 March 2009 Ă? Springer-Verlag 2009 Abstract Migraine is a painful disorder for which of membership ``fuzzy'' clustering (Fanny)--to migraine symptom data, and compared heritability and genome

Nyholt, Dale R.

444

Internet Use for Prediagnosis Symptom Appraisal by Colorectal Cancer Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study explored the characteristics of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who accessed Internet-based health information as part of their symptom appraisal process prior to consulting a health care provider. Method: Newly diagnosed CRC patients who experienced symptoms prior to diagnosis were interviewed. Brief COPE was used to…

Thomson, Maria D.; Siminoff, Laura A.; Longo, Daniel R.

2012-01-01

445

Trauma Exposure and Traumatic Symptoms in Deaf Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

While existing research suggests vulnerability of the deaf community to trauma, very little data exists on prevalence, symptom manifestation, and\\/or unique characteristics of the response of deaf adults and children to traumatic events. In this research, 79 deaf adults were interviewed with the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale, the Life Event Checklist, the Trauma Symptom Inventory, the Peritraumatic Distress Scale, and

Sven Schild; Constance J. Dalenberg

2012-01-01

446

Physical Symptoms and Psychological Distress among Inhalant Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among 110 Mexican-American adolescents with varying drug use histories, self-reported physical health problems were not related to inhalant use history, but blood analyses indicated a relationship between extensive inhalant use and liver problems. Psychological distress symptoms were related to inhalant use and physical symptoms. Contains 23…

Joe, George W.; And Others

1991-01-01

447

Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorder Symptoms in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study investigated the occurrence of obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSDs) and associated symptomology in college students. Participants: Participants included 358 undergraduate students. Results: Results suggest that clinically significant levels of OCSD symptoms are relatively common. Additionally, OCSD symptoms

Sulkowski, Michael L.; Mariaskin, Amy; Storch, Eric A.

2011-01-01

448

Structure of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Pediatric OCD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The investigation of the structure of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms observed in adults is similar to those observed in children is presented. This investigation indicates the structure of OCD symptoms is the same across the entire lifespan as compared to pediatric OCD and adulthood OCD.

Mataix-Cols, David; Nakatani, Eriko; Micali, Nadia; Heyman, Isobel

2008-01-01

449

Assessing Secondary Control and Its Association with Youth Depression Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive research has linked youth depression symptoms to low levels of perceived control, using measures that reflect "primary control" (i.e., influencing objective conditions to make them fit one's wishes). We hypothesized that depressive symptoms are also linked to low levels of "secondary control" (i.e., influencing the psychological impact…

Weisz, John R.; Francis, Sarah E.; Bearman, Sarah Kate

2010-01-01

450

Gender differences in correlates of depressive symptoms in adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To determine: (a) what demographic and psychosocial factors are associated with elevated levels of depressive symptoms in adolescence; (b) whether girls and boys show different profiles of correlates and probable risk factors for depressive symptoms; and (c) what the implications are of these results for future research directions and policy decisions.Methods: Using a nationally representative sample of adolescent school

Pamela K Schraedley M. A; Ian H Gotlib; Chris Hayward

1999-01-01

451

Studying the emergence of depression and depressive symptoms during adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The special issue on the emergence and maintenance of depression and depressive symptoms is introduced. The special issue considers two typically separate lines of research, one focusing on severe clinical depression and another on depressive symptoms. The biological, social, and cognitive factors contributing to the emergence of depression in adolescence are highlighted in this special issue.

Jeanne Brooks-Gunn; Anne C. Petersen

1991-01-01

452

Patient symptoms and physician prescribing patterns in the elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim was to determine if different doctors prescribed differently for older patients with the same diagnoses as patients who were younger. Five ambulatory-care physicians were selected randomly from a staff of 15. Over age 65 male patients (N = 329) were compared with 889 younger patients in regard to symptoms and medications. Patient-rated symptoms differed by age of patients

Bernard S. Linn; Margaret W. Linn

1982-01-01

453

Dimensions of schizophrenic positive symptoms: an exploratory factor analysis investigation.  

PubMed

Current psychopathology classifies schizophrenic positive symptoms into four groups: delusions, hallucinations, formal thought disorder, and catatonic symptoms. The present study explores the factor structure of different positive symptoms to refine this classification. The 35 positive symptoms of 429 psychiatric patients, consecutively admitted to any of 95 mental hospitals, with diagnosis of the ICD-10 F20 schizophrenia, were studied. After excluding those items with a base rate of 10% or less, factor analysis yielded six factors. The first factor was loaded by most of Schneider's first-rank symptoms and two specific auditory hallucinations; the second by all the catatonic symptoms and incoherence; the third by bodily delusions/hallucinations; the fourth by delusions of persecution and reference; the fifth by grandiose and religious delusions; and the sixth by visual and miscellaneous hallucinations. The finding that schizophrenic positive symptoms may have more than four dimensions suggests the need for reclassification of schizophrenic symptoms and for reconsideration of evidence-based diagnostic criteria for the disorder. PMID:9728731

Kitamura, T; Okazaki, Y; Fujinawa, A; Takayanagi, I; Kasahara, Y

1998-01-01

454

Changes in Parental Depression Symptoms during Family Preservation Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Parental depression symptoms often change over the course of child welfare family preservation and parenting services. This raises the question of whether certain processes in family preservation services might be associated with depression symptom change. This study tests three correlational models of change among family preservation…

Chaffin, Mark; Bard, David

2011-01-01

455

Damp housing and childhood asthma: validation of reporting of symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relations among parental reports of respiratory symptoms, bronchospasm measured after exercise, and the presence of visible fungal mould in the home was assessed in a population sample of 7 year old children (n = 873). Wheeze in the past year was the symptom most closely associated with reported dampness and particularly with mould. The unadjusted odds ratio relating mould

D. P. Strachan

1988-01-01

456

Functional upper airways obstruction: two patients with persistent symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Functional upper airways obstruction is caused by vocal cord dysfunction and classically occurs in paroxysms closely resembling acute asthmatic attacks. We present two cases in which the symptoms and signs of the vocal cord dysfunction demonstrate very little variability with time. We suggest that as part of this disorder, a syndrome of chronic unremitting symptoms may occur.

C. J. Warburton; R. McL Niven; B. G. Higgins; C. A. Pickering

1996-01-01

457

Social Support and Symptom Etiology: Implications for Patient Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the relationship between organic involvement in symptom etiologies and levels of self-reported loneliness. Among 107 students visiting a university health center, a negative correlation was found between levels of loneliness and suspected organic involvement in symptom etiology (r = -.267, p = .01). Findings from this study support the use of loneliness assessments as part of initial

Steven R. Hawks; Amy Ann Croney

458

Trauma and PTSD Symptoms: Does Spiritual Struggle Mediate the Link?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because exposure to potentially traumatic events is common (Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, & Hughes, 1995), the mechanisms through which posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms develop is a critical area of investigation (Ozer, Best, Lipsey, & Weiss, 2003). Among the mechanisms that may predict PTSD symptoms is spiritual struggle, a set of negative religious cognitions related to understanding or responding to stressful

Jennifer H. Wortmann; Crystal L. Park; Donald Edmondson

2011-01-01

459

Prediction of posttraumatic stress symptoms in children after Hurricane Andrew  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors used an integrative conceptual model to examine the emergence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in 568 elementary school-age children 3 months after Hurricane An- drew. The model included 4 primary factors: Exposure to Traumatic Events, Child Characteristics, Access to Social Support, and Children's Coping. Overall, 62% of the variance in children's self- reported PTSD symptoms was accounted

Eric M. Vernberg; Annette M. La Greca; Wendy K. Silverman; Mitchell J. Prinstein

1996-01-01

460

Throat clicking as the initial symptom of Parkinson's disease.  

PubMed

The presenting manifestations of Parkinson's disease (PD) are variable, but a majority of patients note tremor as the initial symptom. Others complain of slowing of movements, loss of dexterity, fatigue, or changes in handwriting as initial symptoms. We describe a patient who developed an unusual clicking sound emanating from his throat as the initial manifestation of PD. PMID:16001408

Iyer, Sanjay S; Morgan, John C; Glover, Andrea L; Sethi, Kapil D

2005-10-01

461

Autistic Symptoms in Childhood Arrestees: Longitudinal Association with Delinquent Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To compare childhood arrestees with matched comparison groups on levels of autistic symptoms and to assess the unique predictive value of autistic symptoms for future delinquent behavior in childhood arrestees. Methods: Childhood first-time arrestees (n = 308, baseline age 10.7 plus or minus 1.5 years) were followed up for 2 years.…

Geluk, Charlotte A. M. L.; Jansen, Lucres M. C.; Vermeiren, Robert; Doreleijers, Theo A. H.; van Domburgh, Lieke; de Bildt, Annelies; Twisk, Jos W. R.; Hartman, Catharina A.

2012-01-01

462

Smoking and Depressive Symptoms in a College Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of studies have documented the relationship between smoking and depression in adolescent and adult populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the level of depressive symptoms among college-age smokers and to determine whether or not increases in cigarette use were associated with increases in the number of depressive symptoms.…

Ridner, S. Lee; Staten, Ruth R.; Danner, Fred W.

2005-01-01

463

Effect of Isolated Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty on Subjective Obstructive Sleep Apnea Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aims of this study were 1) to evaluate the effect of isolated uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on subjective obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) symptoms in adult patients regardless of the response to surgery, and ultimately 2) to investigate the differences in changes in subjective OSA symptoms between successful and unsuccessful surgery groups. Methods Twenty consecutive adult patients who underwent isolated UPPP were enrolled. Pre- and postoperative subjective OSA symptoms (snoring, witnessed apnea, daytime sleepiness, morning headache, daytime fatigue, restless sleep, difficulty with morning arousal) and polysomnographic data were evaluated in all subjects. Changes in subjective OSA symptoms before and after surgery were investigated in the successful (n=11) and unsuccessful (n=9) groups. Surgical success was defined as a reduction of at least 50% in the preoperative apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and a postoperative AHI less than 20 per hour. Results After isolated UPPP, all subjective OSA symptoms changed significantly in the patients, especially in the successful group. In the unsuccessful group, snoring, witnessed apnea and daytime fatigue changed significantly, while other symptoms did not change significantly after surgery. Conclusion Isolated UPPP may improve subjective OSA symptoms in adult patients whom surgery was successful or unsuccessful. However, after isolated UPPP, the improvements in subjective OSA symptoms in the unsuccessful group may be different from those in the successful group. PMID:24069519

Choi, Ji Ho; Jun, Young Joon; Kim, Tae Hoon; Lee, Heung Man; Lee, Sang Hag; Kwon, Soon Young; Choi, Hyuk

2013-01-01

464

Psychiatric Symptoms in Adults with Down Syndrome and Alzheimer's Disease  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in psychiatric symptoms related to specific stages of dementia were investigated in 224 adults 45 years of age or older with Down syndrome. Findings indicate that psychiatric symptoms are a prevalent feature of dementia in the population with Down syndrome and that clinical presentation is qualitatively similar to that seen in Alzheimer's…

Urv, Tiina K.; Zigman, Warren B.; Silverman, Wayne

2010-01-01

465

Oilseed rape and seasonal symptoms: epidemiological and environmental studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND--There is widespread concern that the cultivation of oilseed rape leads to seasonal epidemics of respiratory symptoms in populations living in the neighbourhood, and it has been suggested that the plant is a potent allergen. A study was therefore undertaken to determine the prevalence of seasonal symptoms in rural populations close to and far from areas of oilseed rape cultivation,

A Soutar; C Harker; A Seaton; M Brooke; I Marr

1994-01-01

466

Trauma Symptoms and Life Skill Needs of Domestic Violence Victims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified the trauma symptoms and life skill needs of 84 domestic violence victims from three domestic violence programs. Women completed two self-report tools: Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI) and Occupational Self Assessment (OSA). Staff members participated in focus groups regarding their perceptions of the womens needs. Women scored…

Gorde, Mrugaya W.; Helfrich, Christine A.; Finlayson, Marcia L.

2004-01-01

467

Development and Pilot Investigation of Behavioral Activation for Negative Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Negative symptoms cause functional impairment and impede recovery from psychosis, not least, because of limited developments in empirically validated treatments. This article details a pilot evaluation of a behavioral activation (BA) treatment with eight people presenting with psychosis and marked negative symptoms. The rationale for this…

Mairs, Hilary; Lovell, Karina; Campbell, Malcolm; Keeley, Philip

2011-01-01

468

Questionnaire to measure perceived symptoms and disability in asthma.  

PubMed Central

A questionnaire was designed for completion by parents of asthmatic children aged from 5-14 years that provides scales of good content validity and internal reliability for the measurement of perceived disability, perceived nocturnal symptoms, and perceived daytime symptoms. We hope that this questionnaire will be included in future clinical studies of these patients. PMID:2143643

Usherwood, T P; Scrimgeour, A; Barber, J H

1990-01-01

469

Does exercise evoke neurological symptoms in healthy subjects?  

PubMed

Concussion is a common injury in collision sports and is evidenced by a variety of signs and symptoms. The recording of neurological symptoms is an important component of screening for a concussion and in return-to-play decisions. However similar symptoms are prevalent in the general population and are reported to be associated with participation in physical activities. The purpose of this study was to document the neurological symptoms reported by healthy individuals following controlled bouts of exercise. A crossover randomised design with 2 levels of exercise intensity, moderate intensity and high intensity, each of 15min duration was used. Participants completed a standardised postconcussion symptom checklist prior to exercise (pre), immediately following exercise (post-1) and again after 15 min of rest (post-2). 60 participants were recruited into the study. A summed symptom score was calculated and analysed with a 2-way repeated measures ANOVA procedure. The intensityxtime interaction (F(2,118)=23.94, p<0.001) demonstrated a significant increase in symptom scores for the high intensity condition immediately following exercise (p<0.001). Although the moderate intensity showed a similar trend this was not significant. These findings suggest that sports medicine professionals need to be aware of the effect of exercise on symptom reporting when assessing and in making return-to-play decisions. PMID:19231284

Alla, Sridhar; Sullivan, S John; McCrory, Paul; Schneiders, Anthony G; Handcock, Phil

2010-01-01

470

Effects of Retirement and Grandchild Care on Depressive Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how grandchild care in conjunction with grandparents' retirement affects depressive symptoms, using data from the Health and Retirement Survey. The findings demonstrate that retirement moderates the influence of grandchild care obligations on well-being, measured by depressive symptoms. For retired men, freedom from grandchild…

Szinovacz, Maximiliane E.; Davey, Adam

2006-01-01

471

Issues in selection of instruments to measure negative symptoms.  

PubMed

Guidance for selection of instruments for measurement of negative symptoms is rapidly evolving. As there are continuing advances in the description of negative symptoms, new instruments are under development, and new data on the performance of instruments emerge from clinical trials. The Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Marder Negative Factor and the Negative Symptom Assessment-16 (NSA-16) are considered to be reliable and valid measures for negative symptom trials but differ with respect to their domain coverage, use of informants, integration of global scores, administration time and comprehensiveness of their structured interviews. In response to the 2005 NIMH-MATRICS consensus statement, work groups are field testing and refining two new measures, the Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS) and the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS). Both address the five currently recognized domains of negative symptoms, differentiate appetitive from consummatory aspects of anhedonia and address desire for social relationships. Thus far, both have exhibited promising psychometric properties. PMID:23899996

Daniel, David Gordon

2013-11-01

472

Depressive Symptoms and Cigarette Smoking in a College Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective and Participants: The authors examined (1) the relationship between depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking in a college sample and (2) the role of smoking self-efficacy (one's perceived ability to abstain from smoking) in explaining the relationship between depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking. Methods: Predominantly first-year…

Kenney, Brent A.; Holahan, Charles J.

2008-01-01

473

Psychotic symptoms in young people warrant urgent referral.  

PubMed

There is a worse prognosis for psychosis and schizophrenia when onset is in childhood or adolescence. However, outcomes are improved with early detection and treatment. Psychotic symptoms can be associated with a variety of disorders including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, drug-induced psychosis, personality disorder, epilepsy and autistic spectrum disorder. Positive symptoms include hallucinations and delusions. Negative symptoms include apathy, lack of drive, poverty of speech, social withdrawal and self-neglect. The DSM IV criteria for schizophrenia include two or more of the following: hallucinations, delusions, disorganised speech, grossly disorganised or catatonic behaviour and negative symptoms. Adults may raise concerns about social withdrawal, bizarre ideas, a change in behaviour or a decline in achievement. Most children and young people with psychotic symptoms will not go on to develop psychosis or schizophrenia. Direct enquiry may be needed to elicit suspected unusual beliefs or hallucinations. To distinguish unusual ideas from delusions the ideas should be tested for fixity. For example by asking: 'Are you sure? Could there be another explanation?' Mood and anxiety symptoms should be explored. The assessment should include a developmental history with particular attention to premorbid functioning. Failure to make expected progress whether personal, social or academic is significant. Better outcomes in terms of symptoms and social function are associated with a shorter duration of untreated psychosis. The detection of psychotic symptoms in primary care therefore warrants an urgent referral to secondary care mental health services for assessment and treatment. PMID:23634636

Deakin, Julia; Lennox, Belinda

2013-03-01

474

Sleep Deprivation, Allergy Symptoms, and Negatively Reinforced Problem Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the relationship between presence or absence of sleep deprivation, allergy symptoms, and the rate and function of problem behavior in three adolescents with moderate to profound mental retardation found that problem behavior was negatively reinforced by escape from instruction, and both allergy symptoms and sleep deprivation influenced…

Kennedy, Craig H.; Meyer, Kim A.

1996-01-01

475

Depressive Symptoms, Coping Strategies, and Disordered Eating among College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a 2-phase study with a total of 392 participants, depressive symptoms mediated the association between disordered eating and lower problem-solving confidence and an avoidance problem-solving style. Depressive symptoms did not mediate the association between the ability to generate competent solutions to hypothetical stressful situations and…

VanBoven, Amy M.; Espelage, Dorothy L.

2006-01-01

476

Childhood Sexual Abuse and Psychosomatic Symptoms in Irritable Bowel Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Irritable bowel syndrome is characterized by chronic gastrointestinal symptoms without a demonstrable physical cause. In a subgroup of patients, irritable bowel syndrome may be part of a cluster of psychosomatic symptoms related to childhood sexual abuse. To investigate this possibility, the Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule (DDIS), the…

Ross, Colin A.

2005-01-01

477

Symptoms of Calcium and Phosphorus Deficiency in Oil Palm Seedlings  

Microsoft Academic Search

PREVIOUS attempts1,2 to induce symptoms of calcium and phosphorus deficiency in oil palm seedlings grown in water-washed quartz sand have failed. Symptoms have now been induced by growing oil palm seedlings in quartz sand purified by treatment with hot 1 per cent sodium carbonate and hot, constant-boiling hydrochloric acid.

R. A. Bull

1958-01-01

478

A symptom-based approach to pharmacologic management of fibromyalgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fibromyalgia is a prevalent disorder that is characterized by widespread pain along with numerous other symptoms, including fatigue, poor sleep, mood disorders, and stiffness. Previous guidelines for the management of fibromyalgia recommended an approach that integrates pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies selected according to the symptoms experienced by individual patients. However, they offered no recommendations for a system of patient assessment

Leslie J. Crofford; Chad S. Boomershine

2009-01-01

479

Disasters and Depressive Symptoms in Children: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Disasters are destructive, potentially traumatic events that affect millions of youth each year. Objective: The purpose of this paper was to review the literature on depressive symptoms among youth after disasters. Specifically, we examined the prevalence of depression, risk factors associated with depressive symptoms, and theories…

Lai, Betty S.; Auslander, Beth A.; Fitzpatrick, Stephanie L.; Podkowirow, Valentina

2014-01-01

480

Genetic and Environmental Effects on Vocal Symptoms and Their Intercorrelations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Recently, Simberg et al. (2009) found genetic effects on a composite variable consisting of 6 vocal symptom items measuring dysphonia. The purpose of the present study was to determine genetic and environmental effects on the individual vocal symptoms in a population-based sample of Finnish twins. Method: The sample comprised 1,728 twins…

Nybacka, Ida; Simberg, Susanna; Santtila, Pekka; Sala, Eeva; Sandnabba, N. Kenneth

2012-01-01

481

[Residual symptoms and recurrence in major depressive disorder].  

PubMed

The persistence of residual symptoms after treatment of a major depressive episode is found in approximately a third of all cases. Definitions of partial remission of a major depressive episode with residual symptoms are either criteriologic, like the DSM, which require a defined number of symptoms with functional effect ; or quantitative, with a score localized in a defined range on a depression evaluation scale. The persistence of residual symptoms following a major depressive episode and the risk of a new episode are closely linked as outlined in guidelines created by expert groups and savant societies as well as clinical studies done in this field. Among the risk factors to predict further depressive episodes, the weight of persisting residual symptoms may be higher than the number of previous depressive episodes. In case of residual symptoms, the therapeutic proposals rely on pharmacological or psychotherapeutic tools are essentially of two types: nonspecific potentialization of previous antidepressive treatments or additional treatment specifically targeting each patients residual symptoms. A strong consensus exists on necessity of maintaining the therapeutic efforts until disappearance of residual symptoms, this objective must be pursued in a definite and continuous way by the practitioner. PMID:21211628

Spadone, C; Corruble, E

2010-12-01

482

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for residual depressive symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a new group-based intervention for prevention of relapse in recurrent depression which has not been scientifically evaluated regarding its clinical effectiveness for ameliorating residual depressive symptoms following a depressive episode. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of MBCT in reducing residual depressive symptoms in psychiatric outpatients with recurrent depression, and

Tara Kingston; Barbara Dooley; Anthony Bates; Elizabeth Lawlor; Kevin Malone

2007-01-01

483

Comparing changes in late-life depressive symptoms across aging, disablement, and mortality processes.  

PubMed

Developmental processes are inherently time-related, with various time metrics and transition points being used to proxy how change is organized with respect to the theoretically underlying mechanisms. Using data from 4 Swedish studies of individuals aged 70-100+ (N = 453) who were measured every 2 years for up to 5 waves, we tested whether depressive symptoms (according to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; Radloff, 1977) are primarily driven by aging-, disablement-, or mortality-related processes, as operationally defined by time-from-birth, time-to/from-disability-onset (1st reported impairment in Personal Activities of Daily Living; Katz, Ford, Moskowitz, Jackson, & Jaffe, 1963), and time-to-death metrics. Using an approach based on Akaike weights, we tested whether developmental trajectories (for each time metric) of depressive symptoms in late life are more efficiently described as a single continuous process or as a 2-phase process. Comparing fits of linear and multiphase growth models, we found that 2-phase models demonstrated better fit than did single-phase models across all time metrics. Time-to-death and time-to/from-disability-onset models provided more efficient descriptions of changes in depressive symptoms than did time-from-birth models, with time-to-death models representing the best overall fit. Our findings support prior research that late-life changes in depressive symptoms are driven by disablement and, particularly, mortality processes, rather than advancing chronological age. From a practical standpoint, time-to/from-disability-onset and, particularly, time-to-death metrics may provide better "base" models from which to examine changes in late-life depressive symptoms and determine modifiable risk and protective factors. Developmental researchers across content areas can compare age with other relevant time metrics to determine if chronological age or other processes drive the underlying developmental change in their construct of interest. PMID:24491214

Fauth, Elizabeth B; Gerstorf, Denis; Ram, Nilam; Malmberg, Bo

2014-05-01

484

Respiratory symptoms and bronchial responsiveness among cleaning and disinfecting workers in the food industry  

PubMed Central

Objectives To measure the levels of exposure to nitrogen trichloride (NCl3) and aldehydes among cleaning and disinfecting workers in the atmosphere of food industry plants during cleaning and disinfecting operations, and to examine how they relate to irritant and chronic respiratory symptoms—which are indices of pulmonary function—and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) to methacholine. Methods 175 exposed workers (M?=?149; F?=?26) recruited from 17 enterprises of the food industry (8 cattle, pig, and ovine slaughterhouses, 8 fowl slaughterhouses, and 1 catering firm) and 70 non?exposed workers (M?=?52; F?=?18) were examined. Concentration levels of NCl3 and aldhehydes were measured by personal sampling. Symptoms were assessed by means of a questionnaire and the methacholine bronchial challenge (MBC) test using an abbreviated method. Subjects were labelled MBC+ if forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) fell by 20% or more. The linear dose?response slope (DRS) was calculated as the percentage fall in FEV1 at last dose divided by the total dose administered. Results 277 air samples were taken in the 17 food industry plants. For a given plant and in a given workshop, the actual concentrations of chloramines, aldehydes, and quaternary ammonium compounds were measured with personal samplers during the different steps of the procedures. For each cleaner, a total exposure index ? was calculated. A statistically significant concentration?response relationship was found between eye, nasal, and throat symptoms of irritation—but not chronic respiratory symptoms—and exposure levels or exposure duration. No relation was found between BHR and exposure. Conclusions These data show that cleaning and disinfecting workers in the food industry are at risk of developing eye, nasal, and throat irritation symptoms. Although NCl3 exposure does not seem to carry a risk of developing permanent BHR, the possibility of transient BHR cannot be ruled out entirely. PMID:16973735

Massin, N; Hecht, G; Ambroise, D; Héry, M; Toamain, J P; Hubert, G; Dorotte, M; Bianchi, B

2007-01-01

485

A Novel Ultrasound-Based Carotid Plaque Risk Index Associated with the Presence of Cerebrovascular Symptoms.  

PubMed

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a novel ultrasound-based carotid plaque risk index (CPRI) in predicting the presence of cerebrovascular symptoms in patients with carotid artery stenosis. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational study involving 56 patients (mean age 76.6 years, 62.5?% male). Plaque grayscale median (GSM) and surface irregularity indices (SII) were measured in 82 stenosed carotid arteries (range 10?-?95?%) and combined with the degree of stenosis (DOS) in the form of (DOS*SII)/(1?+?GSM). A reduced index DOS/(1?+?GSM) not incorporating plaque surface irregularities was also investigated. Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) were used to study the diagnostic efficacy of CPRI, comparing against DOS and an equivalent risk index constructed using a conventional logistic regression based method with model parameters optimized to the dataset (CPRIlogistic). Results: There were 42 stenosed carotid arteries with cerebrovascular symptoms, and 40 without symptoms. The presence of symptoms significantly correlated with DOS, GSM and SII (p?symptoms than the degree of stenosis and could be valuable in studies and clinical trials aimed at identifying vulnerable carotid artery stenoses. PMID:25389913

Kanber, B; Hartshorne, T C; Horsfield, M A; Naylor, A R; Robinson, T G; Ramnarine, K V

2014-11-12

486

Depressive symptoms, self-esteem, HIV symptom management self-efficacy and self-compassion in people living with HIV.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to examine differences in self-schemas between persons living with HIV/AIDS with and without depressive symptoms, and the degree to which these self-schemas predict depressive symptoms in this population. Self-schemas are beliefs about oneself and include self-esteem, HIV symptom management self-efficacy, and self-compassion. Beck's cognitive theory of depression guided the analysis of data from a sample of 1766 PLHIV from the USA and Puerto Rico. Sixty-five percent of the sample reported depressive symptoms. These symptoms were significantly (p ? 0.05), negatively correlated with age (r = -0.154), education (r = -0.106), work status (r = -0.132), income adequacy (r = -0.204, self-esteem (r = -0.617), HIV symptom self-efficacy (r = - 0.408), and self-kindness (r = - 0.284); they were significantly, positively correlated with gender (female/transgender) (r = 0.061), white or Hispanic race/ethnicity (r = 0.047) and self-judgment (r = 0.600). Fifty-one percent of the variance (F = 177.530 (df = 1524); p < 0.001) in depressive symptoms was predicted by the combination of age, education, work status, income adequacy, self-esteem, HIV symptom self-efficacy, and self-judgment. The strongest predictor of depressive symptoms was self-judgment. Results lend support to Beck's theory that those with negative self-schemas are more vulnerable to depression and suggest that clinicians should evaluate PLHIV for negative self-schemas. Tailored interventions for the treatment of depressive symptoms in PLHIV should be tested and future studies should evaluate whether alterations in negative self-schemas are the mechanism of action of these interventions and establish causality in the treatment of depressive symptoms in PLHIV. PMID:24093715

Eller, L S; Rivero-Mendez, M; Voss, J; Chen, W-T; Chaiphibalsarisdi, P; Iipinge, S; Johnson, M O; Portillo, C J; Corless, I B; Sullivan, K; Tyer-Viola, L; Kemppainen, J; Rose, C Dawson; Sefcik, E; Nokes, K; Phillips, J C; Kirksey, K; Nicholas, P K; Wantland, D; Holzemer, W L; Webel, A R; Brion, J M

2014-01-01