Sample records for symptomatic chronic cholecystitis

  1. Chronic cholecystitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... cholecystitis. Most of these attacks are caused by gallstones in the gallbladder. These attacks cause the walls ... well the liver is working Tests that reveal gallstones or inflammation in the gallbladder include: Abdominal CT ...

  2. Chronic cholecystitis with Cystoisospora belli in an immunocompetent patient.

    PubMed

    Takahashi, Hideo; Falk, Gavin A; Cruise, Michael; Morris-Stiff, Gareth

    2015-01-01

    A 47-year-old woman presented with a history of vague abdominal pain for several years, which worsened over the past 2?months, with pain more prominent in the right upper quadrant. She also had a history of peptic ulcer disease. The ultrasound scan of right upper quadrant revealed normal gallbladder and oesophagogastroduodenoscopy was unremarkable. A (99m)technetium labelled hepato iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan with cholecystokinin provocation demonstrated a decreased gallbladder ejection fraction (EF) of 32%. On this basis, the patient was diagnosed with biliary dyskinesia and underwent an elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Histopathological analysis revealed chronic cholecystitis with Cystoisospora belli identified in the gallbladder wall. Cystoisospora has been identified to cause an opportunistic acalculous cholecystitis among immunocompromised hosts, especially those with AIDS. This is the first case report of chronic cholecystitis due to C. belli in an immunocompetent patient. PMID:26065551

  3. Comparison of ultrasonography, computerized tomography, and radionuclide imaging in the diagnosis of acute and chronic cholecystitis

    SciTech Connect

    Matolo, N.M.; Stadalnik, R.C.; McGahan, J.P.

    1982-12-01

    Seventy-five patients with abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant who were subsequently confirmed operatively and histologically to have acute or chronic cholecystitis underwent radionuclide imaging of the biliary tree, ultrasonography, and/or computerized tomography before operation. fifty-eight of the patients had acute cholecystitis and 17 had chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. Analysis of our data indicates that ultrasonography is an accurate and better screening test than cholescintigraphy in the diagnosis of chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis, but it is less accurate in the detection of acute cholecystitis. On the other hand, radionuclide imaging is highly sensitive and specific in the early diagnosis of acute cholecystitis, but it is poor in the diagnosis of chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis unless the cystic duct is obstructed. CT scanning is more expensive than ultrasonography but may be extremely helpful in problematic cases such as the diagnosis of the cause in biliary obstruction or in imaging of the pancreas.

  4. Pain Persists in Many Patients Five Years After Removal of the Gallbladder: Observations From Two Randomized Controlled Trials of Symptomatic, Noncomplicated Gallstone Disease and Acute Cholecystitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Morten Vetrhus; Tewelde Berhane; Odd Søreide; Karl Søndenaa

    After removal of the gallbladder, pain may persist in some patients. To study this condition, 124 patients from two randomized trials, including those with symptomatic noncomplicated gallbladder stones (n 90) and acute cholecystitis (n 34), were interviewed, while 139 patients (90%) excluded from both trials responded to a questionnaire 5 years after the operation. Thirty-four patients (27%) of those randomized

  5. Scapholunate fusion in chronic symptomatic scapholunate instability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. I. Zubairy; W. A. Jones

    2003-01-01

    Since 1989 scapholunate fusion has been performed on 13 patients with chronic scapholunate instability causing debilitating symptoms. These cases were reviewed at a mean 93 (range, 60–132) months after surgery. Establishing whether bony fusion had been achieved proved extremely difficult even after CT scanning, but fusion was unequivocally achieved in four cases. Ten patients were subjectively satisfied with their treatment.

  6. Pancreaticojejunostomy For Severe Symptomatic Chronic Pancreatitis

    PubMed Central

    Denton, G. W. L.; Brough, W. A.

    1992-01-01

    The role of operation, particularly pancreaticojejunostomy, in the treatment of abdominal pain from chronic pancreatitis is controversial, but relief of pancreatic duct obstruction may decrease the rate of pancreatic organ failure. Our results over 6 years in 13 carefully selected patients suggest that pancreatic drainage does relieve pain but is less effective in preventing pancreatic exocrine failure. Pain was the indication for operation in all patients. PMID:1610724

  7. [New approaches to diagnosing and treating hyperkinetic biliary dyskinesia associated with chronic acalculous cholecystitis].

    PubMed

    Bartosh, L F; Balakina, I V; Gridneva, L M

    2004-01-01

    Ninety patients aged 21 to 56 years who had chronic non-calculous cholecystitis (CNCC) concurrent with hyperkinetic dyskinesia (HKD) detectable by a stepwise duodenal probing and sonography, by using a choleretic breakfast and by determining the relaxation coefficient (RC) that was equal to the ratio of the volume of the gallbladder (GB) after the use of a spasmolytic to the baseline GB volume. The patients were divided into 3 groups. The authors used as a spasmolytic agent pinaverium bromide (dicetel) in a dose of 50 mg (1 tablet) in Group 1), octylonium bromide (spasmomen) in a dose of 40 mg (1 dragee) in Group 2, and drotaverine (no-spa) in a dose of 40 mg (1 tablet). There was a more significant sonographic increase in the size of GB in Groups 1 and 2 as compared with Group 3. In the acute drug test and during long-term treatment as well, the highest spasmolytic effect was noted in patients receiving dicetel (Group 1) and spasmomen (Group 2) as compared with that in Group 3 patients taking drotaverine. With this, RC was 1.25 +/- 0.2, 1.6 +/- 0.15, and 1.08 +/- 0.1, respectively. No adverse reactions occurred in the patients having selective calcium blockers (SCBs) whereas the patients receiving no-spa were found to have the following side effects: dry mouth (n = 3), transient constipation (n = 1), and numb tongue (n = 1). Thus, the study has provided evidence for the fact that SCBs have some advantage over myotropic spasmolytic agents in the treatment of CNCC with the signs of HKD. PMID:15540426

  8. [The role of growth factors in pathogenesis of hepatic lesions in patients with metabolic syndrome and chronic non-calculous cholecystitis].

    PubMed

    Virstiuk, N G; Seniutovich, N R

    2013-01-01

    Clinical examination and biochemical studies revealed hepatic functional disorders in 30 (93.75 +/- 4.28%) of 32 patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) and chronic non-calculous cholecystitis (NCC) and only in 3 (13.63 +/- 7.32%) of 22 patients with CC without MS. Most patients with CC and MS had elevated levels of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and endothelial growth factor (EGF) suggesting activation of fibrotic processes. They were not significantly different from normal values in patients with CC without MS. Pair correlation analysis revealed the relationship between enhanced activity of the pathological process in the hepatobiliary system and increased FGF and EGS levels. It was confirmed by direct correlation between FGF. EGS levels and ALT, AST activities. Also, FGF and EGS levels were related to leptin and triglyceride levels as well as to HOMA-IR index. PMID:24437150

  9. Chemical cholecystitis associated with hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Carrasco, C H; Freeny, P C; Chuang, V P; Wallace, S

    1983-10-01

    The gallbladder often is included within the infusion territory during hepatic arterial chemotherapy, because the cystic artery usually originates from the right hepatic artery. Symptomatic cholecystitis associated with hepatic arterial infusion of mitomycin C and floxuridine or 5-fluorouracil was observed in four instances out of over 700 hepatic arterial infusions of chemotherapeutic agents performed over a 3-year period at two institutions. Arterial infusion chemotherapy is generally well tolerated by the gallbladder, and the true incidence of associated cholecystitis is unknown. Occasionally, angiographic features of cholecystitis are observed in asymptomatic patients after hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy. PMID:6225318

  10. Use of morphine in cholescintigraphy for obstructive cholecystitis

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, E.E.; Nguyen, M.; Pjura, G.; Pollack, M.; Gobuty, A.

    1985-05-01

    Non-visualization of the gallbladder (GB) during the first hour of cholescintigraphy is observed in cystic duct obstruction (e.g. in acute cholecystitis) but may also occur in chronic cholecystitis, hepatocellular disease, alcoholism and prolonged total parenteral nutrition. Low dose morphine is shown to improve the specificity of the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis (from 85% to 100%) with no loss in sensitivity (98%) at a small cost in terms of additional study time. The authors reviewed 27 selected cholescintigraphic examinations augmented by intravenous (IV) morphine (0.04 mg/Kg). Of the 16 cases with persistent nonvisualization of the GB, ultrasound revealed gallstones in 5 cases, sludge in 4, acalculous cholecystitis in 3, one distended GB, one contracted GB and 2 normal GB's. Of the 4 patients taken to surgery, one with gallstones and one with acalculous cholecystitis were confirmed to have acute cholecystitis while another with gallstones had chronic cholecystitis and the final patient, who was sonographically normal, presented a single common duct stone. The authors conclude that the use of IV morphine is an effective adjunct to cholescintigraphy in the evaluation of gallbladder disease, especially when visualization post morphine rules out acute cholecystitis.

  11. Chemical Cholecystitis Associated with Hepatic Artery Infusion Chemotherapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Humberto Carrasco; Patrick C. Freeny; Vincent P. Chuang; Sidney Wallace

    The gallbladder often is Included within the infusion territory during hepatic arterial chemotherapy, because the cystic artery usually originates from the right hepatic artery. Symptomatic cholecystitis associated with hepatic arterial Infusion of mitomycin C and floxuridine or 5-fluorouracil was observed in four instances out of over 700 hepatic arterial Infusions of chemotherapeutic agents performed over a 3-year period at two

  12. Omental Infarction Mimicking Cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Smolilo, David; Lewis, Benjamin C.; Yeow, Marina; Watson, David I.

    2015-01-01

    Omental infarction can be difficult to diagnose preoperatively as imaging may be inconclusive and patients often present in a way that suggests a more common surgical pathology such as appendicitis. Here, a 40-year-old Caucasian man presented to casualty with shortness of breath and progressive right upper abdominal pain, accompanied with right shoulder and neck pain. Exploratory laparoscopy was eventually utilised to diagnose an atypical form of omental infarction that mimics cholecystitis. The vascular supply along the long axis of the segment was occluded initiating necrosis. In this case, the necrotic segment was adherent with the abdominal wall, a pathology not commonly reported in cases of omental infarction. PMID:25737796

  13. Hyalinizing cholecystitis with features of immunoglobulin G4-related disease-coincidence or an unrecognized association? A case report.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Rajib K; Patton, Kurt T

    2015-04-01

    Hyalinizing cholecystitis (HC) is a recently described rare subtype of chronic cholecystitis characterized by dense, paucicellular collagenous transmural fibrosis, which usually replaces the mucosa and muscularis propria. Immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-associated cholecystitis is also a newly described cholecystitis variant characterized by transmural or extramural lymphoplasmacytic inflammation, lymphoid follicles, storiform fibrosis, phlebitis, and increased tissue IgG4-positive plasma cells. We describe a case of cholecystitis in an elderly white man who harbored features of both HC and IgG4-associated cholecystitis. In retrospect, the patient also had a significantly elevated serum IgG4 level. To the best of our knowledge, an association between HC and IgG4-related disease has not been previously described in the literature. Although not entirely conclusive, our observations raise the possibility that some cases of HC represent the end stage of IgG4-related disease. PMID:25680903

  14. Comparative Effectiveness of Di'ao Xin Xue Kang Capsule and Compound Danshen Tablet in Patients With Symptomatic Chronic Stable Angina

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Yanan; Hu, Siyuan; Li, Guoxin; Xue, Jie; Li, Zhuoming; Liu, Xiangling; Yang, Xiyan; Dong, Bo; Wang, Donghai; Wang, Xiaofeng; Liu, Shurong; Liu, Jun; Chen, Bingwei; Wang, Liying; Liu, Songshan; Chen, Qiguang; Shen, Chunti; Wang, Zhong; Wang, Yongyan

    2014-01-01

    A high proportion of patients with stable angina remains symptomatic despite multiple treatment options. Di'ao Xinxuekang (XXK) capsule and Compound Danshen (CDS) tablet have been approved for treating angina pectoris for more than 20 years in China. We compare the anti-anginal effectiveness of XXK capsule and CDS tablet in patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina. A randomized, multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group, superiority trial was conducted in 4 study sites. 733 patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina were included in the full analysis set. The primary outcomes were the proportion of patients who were angina-free and the proportion of patients with normal electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings during 20 weeks treatment. Compared with CDS, XXK significantly increased the proportion of angina-free patients, but no significant difference was noted in the proportion of patients with normal ECG recordings. Weekly angina frequency and nitroglycerin use were significantly reduced with XXK versus CDS at week 20. Moreover, XXK also improved the quality of life of angina patients as measured by the SAQ score and Xueyu Zheng (a type of TCM syndrome) score. We demonstrate that XXK capsule is more effective for attenuating anginal symptoms and improving quality of life in patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina, compared with CDS tablet. PMID:25394847

  15. Acute Cholecystitis After a Colonoscopy

    PubMed Central

    Park, Tae Ik; Lee, Jun Hee; Kim, Min Cheol; Kim, Bong Gap; Cha, Dong Hyuk

    2013-01-01

    Acute cholecystitis after a colonoscopy is a rare event, and only eight documented cases are reported in the literature. A 35-year-old male underwent a screening colonoscopy. There was a 5-mm sessile polyp in the sigmoid colon, which was removed by using a hot snare polypectomy. Forty-eight hours after the colonoscopy, the patient visited our emergency department with epigastric pain and fever. Based on the clinical findings, laboratory data and radiologic imaging, our diagnosis was acute cholecystitis. Because no previous cases of this type have been reported to date in Korea, we publish the details of our patients who presented with a postcolonoscopy complication diagnosed as acute cholecystitis. PMID:24278861

  16. Male gender: Risk factor for severe symptomatic cholelithiasis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heng-Hui Lein; Ching-Shui Huang

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of male gender on the clinical presentation of symptomatic cholelithiasis.\\u000a Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has been accepted as standard procedure for the management of symptomatic cholelithiasis\\u000a even when the gallbladder is acutely inflamed. With the accumulated experience in the management of acute cholecystitis, some\\u000a factors including male gender were recognized to

  17. Early detection of chronic wasting disease prions in urine of pre-symptomatic deer by real-time quaking-induced conversion assay.

    PubMed

    John, Theodore R; Schätzl, Hermann M; Gilch, Sabine

    2013-01-01

    Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a prion disease of captive and free-ranging deer (Odocoileus spp), elk (Cervus elaphus nelsonii) and moose (Alces alces shirasi). Unlike in most other prion diseases, in CWD prions are shed in urine and feces, which most likely contributes to the horizontal transmission within and between cervid species. To date, CWD ante-mortem diagnosis is only possible by immunohistochemical detection of protease resistant prion protein (PrP (Sc) ) in tonsil or recto-anal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (RAMALT) biopsies, which requires anesthesia of animals. We report on detection of CWD prions in urine collected from pre-symptomatic deer and in fecal extracts by using real time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC). This assay can be useful for non-invasive pre-symptomatic diagnosis and surveillance of CWD. PMID:23764839

  18. Ascariasis cholecystitis: An unusual cause

    PubMed Central

    Shetty, Balakrishna; Shetty, Prashanth Kumar; Sharma, Pritam

    2008-01-01

    Ascariasis is the most common helminthic infection to infest man. Usually the adult worm lives in the small intestine. Rarely it migrates through the ampulla of vater and enters the common bile duct. We are reporting a case of gall bladder ascariasis causing acute cholecystitis treated by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Presence of Ascaris lumbricoides in gallbladder is rare entity as it is difficult to reach there due to the narrow and tortuous cystic duct. PMID:19547655

  19. Chronic rapamycin restores brain vascular integrity and function through NO synthase activation and improves memory in symptomatic mice modeling Alzheimer's disease

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Ai-Ling; Zheng, Wei; Halloran, Jonathan J; Burbank, Raquel R; Hussong, Stacy A; Hart, Matthew J; Javors, Martin; Shih, Yen-Yu Ian; Muir, Eric; Solano Fonseca, Rene; Strong, Randy; Richardson, Arlan G; Lechleiter, James D; Fox, Peter T; Galvan, Veronica

    2013-01-01

    Vascular pathology is a major feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other dementias. We recently showed that chronic administration of the target-of-rapamycin (TOR) inhibitor rapamycin, which extends lifespan and delays aging, halts the progression of AD-like disease in transgenic human (h)APP mice modeling AD when administered before disease onset. Here we demonstrate that chronic reduction of TOR activity by rapamycin treatment started after disease onset restored cerebral blood flow (CBF) and brain vascular density, reduced cerebral amyloid angiopathy and microhemorrhages, decreased amyloid burden, and improved cognitive function in symptomatic hAPP (AD) mice. Like acetylcholine (ACh), a potent vasodilator, acute rapamycin treatment induced the phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) and NO release in brain endothelium. Administration of the NOS inhibitor L-NG-Nitroarginine methyl ester reversed vasodilation as well as the protective effects of rapamycin on CBF and vasculature integrity, indicating that rapamycin preserves vascular density and CBF in AD mouse brains through NOS activation. Taken together, our data suggest that chronic reduction of TOR activity by rapamycin blocked the progression of AD-like cognitive and histopathological deficits by preserving brain vascular integrity and function. Drugs that inhibit the TOR pathway may have promise as a therapy for AD and possibly for vascular dementias. PMID:23801246

  20. Acute non-calculous cholecystitis in burns.

    PubMed

    Alawneh, I

    1978-04-01

    Seven burned patients developed acute cholecystitis within 10-37 days of injury, associated with jaundice in 5. There were 6 males and 1 female, with 5 patients aged 28-40 years, the others being 56 and 69 years. Cholecystectomy was performed in all patients with 1 death. It is suggested that the cause of post-burn cholecystitis is traumatic and septic shock with consequent biliary stasis. PMID:638446

  1. Listeria monocytogenes cholecystitis: a possible new syndrome.

    PubMed

    Bruminhent, Jackrapong; Lynch, Timothy K; Gefen, Jonathan; Santoro, Jerome

    2013-05-01

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently added potentially fatal Listeria monocytogenes infection to the list of opportunistic infections that can occur in patients who receive tumor necrosis factor inhibitor therapy. In this study, the first reported case of L monocytogenes cholecystitis associated with etanercept use is described. It also appears that tumor necrosis factor inhibitor therapy likely increases the risk for Listeria cholecystitis. Clinicians need to be aware of this association when selecting antimicrobial therapy for these patients. PMID:23221515

  2. Expression of phenotypic markers of mast cells, macrophages and dendritic cells in gallbladder mucosa with calculous cholecystitis.

    PubMed

    Kasprzak, A A; Szmyt, M; Malkowski, W; Surdyk-Zasada, J; Przybyszewska, W; Szmeja, J; Helak-?apaj, C; Seraszek-Jaros, A; Kaczmarek, E

    2013-12-01

    The study aimed at quantitative analysis of expression involving markers of mast cells (tryptase), monocytes/macrophages (CD68 molecule) and dendritic cells (S100 protein) in gallbladder mucosa with acute and chronic calculous cholecystitis. Routinely prepared tissue material from the patients with acute (ACC) (n = 16) and chronic calculous cholecystitis (CCC) (n = 55) was evaluated. Three cellular markers were localized by immunocytochemistry. Their expression was quantified using spatial visualization technique. The expression of tryptase was similar in acute and chronic cholecystitis. CD68 expression in ACC was significantly higher than in the CCC group. Expression of S100 protein was significantly higher in CCC as compared to the ACC group. No significant correlations were disclosed between expression of studied markers and grading in the gallbladder wall. A weak negative correlation was noted between expression of CD68 and number of gallstones in the CCC group. The spatial visualization technique allowed for a credible quantitative evaluation of expression involving markers of mast cells (MCs), monocytes/macrophages (Mo/Ma) and dendritic cells (DCs) in gallbladder mucosa with ACC and CCC. For the first time mucosal expression of S100 protein-positive DCs was evaluated in calculous cholecystitis. The results point to distinct functions of studied cell types in the non-specific immune response in calculous cholecystitis. PMID:24375043

  3. Efficacy and Safety of Omalizumab in Patients with Chronic Idiopathic/Spontaneous Urticaria Who Remain Symptomatic on H1 Antihistamines: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study

    PubMed Central

    Saini, Sarbjit S; Bindslev-Jensen, Carsten; Maurer, Marcus; Grob, Jean-Jacques; Bülbül Baskan, Emel; Bradley, Mary S; Canvin, Janice; Rahmaoui, Abdelkader; Georgiou, Panayiotis; Alpan, Oral; Spector, Sheldon; Rosén, Karin

    2015-01-01

    ASTERIA I was a 40-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous omalizumab as add-on therapy for 24 weeks in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria/spontaneous urticaria (CIU/CSU) who remained symptomatic despite H1 antihistamine treatment at licensed doses. Patients aged 12–75 years with CIU/CSU who remained symptomatic despite treatment with approved doses of H1 antihistamines were randomized (1:1:1:1) in a double-blind manner to subcutaneous omalizumab 75?mg, 150?mg, or 300?mg or placebo every 4 weeks for 24 weeks followed by 16 weeks of follow-up. The primary end point was change from baseline in weekly itch severity score (ISS) at week 12. Among randomized patients (N=319: placebo n=80, omalizumab 75?mg n=78, 150?mg n=80, 300?mg n=81), 262 (82.1%) completed the study. Compared with placebo (n=80), mean weekly ISS was reduced from baseline to week 12 by an additional 2.96 points (95% confidence interval (CI): ?4.71 to ?1.21; P=0.0010), 2.95 points (95% CI: ?4.72 to ?1.18; P=0.0012), and 5.80 points (95% CI: ?7.49 to ?4.10; P<0.0001) in the omalizumab 75-mg (n=77), 150-mg (n=80), and 300-mg groups (n=81), respectively. The omalizumab 300-mg group met all nine secondary end points, including a significant decrease in the duration of time to reach minimally important difference response (?5-point decrease) in weekly ISS (P<0.0001) and higher percentages of patients with well-controlled symptoms (urticaria activity score over 7 days (UAS7) ?6: 51.9% vs. 11.3% P<0.0001) and complete response (UAS7=0: 35.8% vs. 8.8% P<0.0001) versus placebo. During the 24-week treatment period, 2 (2.9%), 3 (3.4%), 0, and 4 (5.0%) patients in the omalizumab 75-mg, 150-mg, 300-mg, and placebo groups, respectively, experienced a serious adverse event. Omalizumab 300?mg administered subcutaneously every 4 weeks reduced weekly ISS and other symptom scores versus placebo in CIU/CSU patients who remained symptomatic despite treatment with approved doses of H1 antihistamines. PMID:25046337

  4. Hepatobiliary scanning in hemobilia-induced acute cholecystitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Lewis; Vijay Varma; Howard Tice; William Steinberg; Richard Reba

    1982-01-01

    Radionuclide scanning of the hepatobiliary tree is highly accurate for the detection of patients with acute cholecystitis. Hemobilia, a rare complication of percutaneous liver biopsy, may result in blood clots within the biliary canaliculi. Such clots, like gallstones, may occlude the ducts and produce a clinical syndrome indistinguishable from acute cholecystitis. A patient with acute cholecystitis resulting from hemobilia following

  5. Lactobacillus fermentum, a pathogen in documented cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Chery, Josue; Dvoskin, Dmitriy; Morato, Fernando P.; Fahoum, Bashar

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Lactobacillus species are probiotics proven to exhibit various preventative as well as therapeutic properties. While lactobacillus species have been implicated in the formation of dental caries, endocarditis and bacteremia, their role as pathogens in cholecystitis has not been reported. We present a rare case of Lactobacillus fermentum working as a pathogen in cholecystitis. PRESENTATION OF CASE An 81-year old male was admitted with right upper quadrant abdominal pain. His signs, symptoms, laboratory values and imaging were consistent with a diagnosis of cholecystitis with ascending cholangitis. In view of his co-morbidity and severe sepsis, the patient was treated non-operatively with antibiotics and cholecystostomy. L. fermentum, which was vancomycin resistant, was identified from the cholecystostomy aspirate and from anaerobic blood culture. The patient went into septic shock, developed multi-organ dysfunction syndrome and eventually died. DISCUSSION Commensal bacteria such as L. fermentum are known to modulate immunity, reduce the pathogenicity of gastrointestinal organisms and play a therapeutic role in various disease processes. We isolated L. fermentum as a pathogen in a documented case of cholecystitis with ascending cholangitis. CONCLUSION While the routine use lactobacillus species as a probiotic is supported in the literature, understanding its potential role as a pathogen may allow more judicious use of these bacteria and encourage research to elucidate the pathogenicity of lactobacillus species. PMID:23792476

  6. Immunological profiling in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps reveals distinct VEGF and GMCSF signatures during symptomatic exacerbations

    PubMed Central

    Divekar, Rohit D.; Samant, Shefali; Rank, Matthew A.; Hagan, John; Lal, Devyani; O’Brien, Erin K.; Kita, Hirohito

    2015-01-01

    Background The mechanisms and immune pathways associated with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are not fully understood. Immunological changes during acute exacerbation of CRS may provide valuable clues to the pathogenesis and perpetuation of the disease. Objective To characterize local and systemic immune responses associated with acute worsening of sinonasal symptoms during exacerbation in CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) compared to controls. Methods This was a noninterventional prospective study of individuals with CRSwNP and normal controls. Subjects underwent a baseline visit with collection of nasal secretions, nasal washes, and serum specimens. Within 3 days of acute worsening of sinonasal symptoms, subjects underwent a study visit, followed by a post-visit 2 weeks later. The Sinonasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22) scores and immunological parameters in the specimens were analyzed using a novel, unsupervised learning method and by conventional univariate analysis. Results Both CRSwNP patients and control subjects showed a significant increase in SNOT-22 scores during acute exacerbation. Increased nasal levels of IL-6, IL-5, and eosinophil major basic protein were observed in CRSwNP patients. A network analysis of serum specimens revealed changes in a set of immunological parameters, which are distinctly associated with CRSwNP but not with controls. In particular, systemic increases in VEGF and GM-CSF levels were notable and were validated by a conventional analysis. Conclusions CRSwNP patients demonstrate distinct immunological changes locally and systemically during acute exacerbation. Growth factors VEGF and GM-CSF may be involved in the immunopathogenesis of subjects with CRS and nasal polyps experiencing exacerbation. PMID:25429844

  7. Acute acalculous cholecystitis after cardiovascular surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akira Saito; Yoshio Shirai; Hajime Ohzeki; Jun-Ichi Hayashi; Shoji Eguchi

    1997-01-01

    The development of acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) after cardiovascular surgery is an infrequent but devastating complication,\\u000a the etiology and management of which remains controversial. To evaluate the etiology, treatment, and outcome of patients with\\u000a AAC, the cases of six patients encountered within an 8-year period who developed AAC after cardiovascular surgery requiring\\u000a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were reviewed. Atherosclerotic risk factors

  8. Computed tomography in acute cholecystitis: new observations

    SciTech Connect

    Kane, R.A. (New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston, MA); Costello, P.; Duszlak, E.

    1983-10-01

    The computed tomographic CT findings in five patients with acute cholecystitis were analyzed. Common findings included thickening and nodularity of the gallbladder wall, cholelithiasis, and dilatation of the gallbladder lumen. Other more specific findings included poor definition of the gallbladder wall, pericholecystic fluid collections, and gas collections within the gallbladder wall. Most of the CT findings are suggestive but not pathognomonic, and correlation with the clinical, scintigraphic, and sonographic findings is necessary.

  9. Gangrenous cholecystitis: mortality and risk factors.

    PubMed

    Önder, Ak?n; Kapan, Murat; Ülger, Burak Veli; O?uz, Abdullah; Türko?lu, Ahmet; Uslukaya, Ömer

    2015-02-01

    As a serious complication of cholelithiasis, gangrenous cholecystitis presents greater mortality than noncomplicated cholecystitis. The aim of this study was to specify the risk factors on mortality. 107 consecutive patients who underwent surgery due to gangrenous cholecystitis between January 1997 and October 2011 were investigated retrospectively. The study included 60 (56.1%) females and 47 (43.9%) males, with a mean age of 60.7 ± 16.4 (21-88) years. Cardiovascular diseases were the most frequently accompanying medical issues (24.3%). Thirty-six complications (33.6%) developed in 29 patients, and surgical site infection was proven as the most common. Longer delay time prior to hospital admission, low white blood cell count, presence of diabetes mellitus, higher blood levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin, pericholecystic fluid in abdominal ultrasonography, and conversion from laparoscopic surgery to open surgery were identified as risk factors affecting mortality (P < 0.001, P = 0.001, P = 0.044, P = 0.005, P = 0.049, P = 0.009, P = 0.022, P = 0.011, and P = 0.004, respectively). Longer delay time prior to hospital admission and low white blood cell count were determined as independent risk factors affecting mortality. PMID:25692427

  10. Monitoring, characterization and control of chronic, symptomatic malaria infections in rural Zambia through monthly household visits by paid community health workers

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Active, population-wide mass screening and treatment (MSAT) for chronic Plasmodium falciparum carriage to eliminate infectious reservoirs of malaria transmission have proven difficult to apply on large national scales through trained clinicians from central health authorities. Methodology Fourteen population clusters of approximately 1,000 residents centred around health facilities (HF) in two rural Zambian districts were each provided with three modestly remunerated community health workers (CHWs) conducting active monthly household visits to screen and treat all consenting residents for malaria infection with rapid diagnostic tests (RDT). Both CHWs and HFs also conducted passive case detection among residents who self-reported for screening and treatment. Results Diagnostic positivity was higher among symptomatic patients self-reporting to CHWs (42.5%) and HFs (24%) than actively screened residents (20.3%), but spatial and temporal variations of diagnostic positivity were highly consistent across all three systems. However, most malaria infections (55.6%) were identified through active home visits by CHWs rather than self-reporting to CHWs or HFs. Most (62%) malaria infections detected actively by CHWs reported one or more symptoms of illness. Most reports of fever and vomiting, plus more than a quarter of history of fever, headache and diarrhoea, were attributable to malaria infection. The minority of residents who participated >12 times had lower rates of malaria infection and associated symptoms in later contacts but most residents were tested <4 times and high malaria diagnostic positivity (32%) in active surveys, as well as incidence (1.7 detected infections per person per year) persisted in the population. Per capita cost for active service delivery by CHWs was US$5.14 but this would rise to US$10.68 with full community compliance with monthly testing at current levels of transmission, and US$6.25 if pre-elimination transmission levels and negligible treatment costs were achieved. Conclusion Monthly active home visits by CHWs equipped with RDTs were insufficient to eliminate the human infection reservoir in this typical African setting, despite reasonably high LLIN/IRS coverage. However, dramatic impact upon infection and morbidity burden might be attainable and cost-effective if community participation in regular testing could be improved and the substantial, but not necessarily prohibitive, costs are affordable to national programmes. PMID:24678631

  11. Diagnostic utility of cholescintigraphy and ultrasonography in acute cholecystitis

    SciTech Connect

    Zeman, R.K.; Burrell, M.I.; Cahow, C.E.; Caride, V.

    1981-04-01

    When faced with a patient with possible acute cholecystitis, technetium-99m-HIDA scintigraphy should be the primary diagnostic procedure performed. If scintigraphy reveals a normal gallbladder, acute cholecystitis is excluded. If the scintigram fails to visualize the gallbladder, ultrasonography is deemed advisable to exclude potential false-positive scintigrams and confirm the presence of cholelithiasis.

  12. Loperamide inhibits gallbladder inflammatory fluid secretion in experimental cholecystitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lennart Jivegård; Joar Svanvik

    1986-01-01

    Fluid secretion by the gallbladder mucosa is suggested to have a key pathophysiological role in acute cholecystitis, since it causes distension of the obstructed gallbladder. The present study investigates the actions of loperamide on the gallbladder function in experimental cholecystitis. Gallbladder fluid transport and motility were studied in vivo with a continuous perfusion technique. A net fluid secretion by the

  13. Symptomatic tonsillar ectopia

    PubMed Central

    Furuya, K.; Sano, K.; Segawa, H.; Ide, K.; Yoneyama, H.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To determine if slight descent of the cerebellar tonsils (< 5 mm below the foramen magnum; tonsillar ectopia) may cause surgically treatable symptomatology.?METHODS—A consecutive series of nine symptomatic patients with tonsillar ectopia seen between December 1990 and March 1993 are reported on. The same number of age and sex matched controls were selected at random from outpatients. Twelve asymptomatic subjects with tonsillar ectopia were found among 5000 people between January 1991 and March 1996. Diagnosis of tonsillar ectopia was based on midsagittal MRI.?RESULTS—Patients presented mainly with chronic intractable occipital dull pain, vertigo, and dysequilibrium. In all patients MRI showed normal brain structure except for tonsillar ectopia (-2.9 (SD 0.8) mm), which has historically been thought to be of no clinical relevance. In the control group the tonsilar position was +2.1 (SD 2.8) mm (p<0.01). Neurotologically abnormal findings were detected with a monaural speech integration test (100%), eye tracking test (56%), optokinetic nystagmus test (89%), and visual suppression test (67%) which strongly suggested a CNS lesion. In accordance with the results of MRI and precise neurotological examination, posterior fossa decompression surgery was carried out, followed by improvement of preoperative symptoms and less severity of neurotological abnormalities in all patients.?CONCLUSION—Tonsillar ectopia could cause neurological symptoms in small populations, which were surgically treatable. Neurotological assessment was necessary to verify the aetiological relation between tonsillar ectopia and various symptoms.?? PMID:9489535

  14. Evaluation of Early versus Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Acute Cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Agrawal, Rati; Sood, K. C.; Agarwal, Bhupender

    2015-01-01

    Background. The role of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis with cholelithiasis is not yet established. The aim of our prospective randomized study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of early LC for acute cholecystitis and to compare the results with delayed LC. Methods. Between March 2007 to December 2008, 50 patients with diagnosis of acute cholecystitis were assigned randomly to early group, n = 25 (LC within 24?hrs of admission), and delayed group, n = 25 (initial conservative treatment followed by delayed LC, 6–8 weeks later). Results. We found in our study that the conversion rate in early LC and delayed LC was 16% and 8%, respectively, Operation time for early LC was 69.4?min versus 66.4?min for delayed LC, postoperative complications for early LC were 24% versus 8% for delayed LC, and blood loss was 159.6?mL early group versus 146.8?mL for delayed group. However early LC had significantly shorter hospital stay (4.1 days versus 8.6 days). Conclusions. Early LC for acute cholecystitis with cholelithiasis is safe and feasible, offering the additional benefit of shorter hospital stay. It should be offered to the patients with acute cholecystitis, provided that the surgery is performed within 96?hrs of acute symptoms by an experienced surgeon. PMID:25729775

  15. Acute acalculous cholecystitis after cardiovascular surgery.

    PubMed

    Saito, A; Shirai, Y; Ohzeki, H; Hayashi, J; Eguchi, S

    1997-01-01

    The development of acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) after cardiovascular surgery is an infrequent but devastating complication, the etiology and management of which remains controversial. To evaluate the etiology, treatment, and outcome of patients with AAC, the cases of six patients encountered within an 8-year period who developed AAC after cardiovascular surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were reviewed. Atherosclerotic risk factors including diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and smoking were evident in five patients, three of whom had a history of stroke or arteriosclerosis obliterans, while low cardiac output was recognized in three. Percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy was performed in five patients, and another required cholecystectomy for peritonitis due to gangrene of the gallbladder. Two patients died of respiratory failure and sepsis after 15 and 82 days of percutaneous drainage, respectively; however, the four survivors had an excellent outcome without any biliary tract disease during a mean follow-up period of 5.3 years. In conclusion, AAC after cardiovascular surgery may result from hypoperfusion of the gallbladder due to various factors including CPB, visceral atherosclerosis, and low cardiac output. We advocate early percutaneous cholecystostomy for patients without peritonitis, while early cholecystectomy is indicated for those with peritonitis. PMID:10870575

  16. Cholescintigraphy in acute cholecystitis: use of intravenous morphine

    SciTech Connect

    Choy, D.; Shi, E.C.; McLean, R.G.; Hoschl, R.; Murray, I.P.C.; Ham, J.M.

    1984-04-01

    Conventional cholescintigraphy (60 patients) and a modified protocol (59 patients) were compared in 74 females and 45 males with acute cholecystitis. In the modified protocol, intravenous morphine was administered whenever the gallbladder was not seen 40 minutes after injection of Tc-99m-pyroxylidene-glutamate. Accuracy was 98% with morphine, compared with 88% for the conventional protocol; specificity improved from 83% to 100% with no loss of sensitivity. Low doses of morphine are well tolerated and can result in a highly accurate diagnosis of acute cholecystitis without the need for delayed imaging.

  17. Experience with partial cholecystectomy in severe cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Backgrounds/Aims Partial cholecystectomy (PC) is often an inevitable operative procedure when Calot triangle is severely inflamed and fibrosed with conglomerated structures. We reviewed our clinical outcomes of PC to compare its feasibility with conventional total cholecystectomy (TC), especially for its possible application to laparoscopic procedure. Methods From Aug. 2000 to July 2008, 20 cases of PC by laparotomy were performed, including converted cases during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Sixty-eight cases of TC by open method during the same period were compared in a mean follow-up period of 108 months. Results Bile fistula was observed in 3 cases of PC; one case needed endoscopic biliary stent for management and a second case showed fistula that closed by supportive care in 2 months. The last patient died from peritonitis. No bile fistula was observed in PC. Morbidities were found in 9 cases of PC (45%) and in 11 cases of TC (16.2%). Bile fistula (n=3) and wound infection (n=3) were prominent in the PC group, and wound infection (n=7) in the TC group. Reoperations were necessary for 5 (25.0%) and 4 (5.9%) patients from PC and TC, respectively. Mortality occurred in 2 (2/10 10%) and 4 cases (4/68 5.9%) of PC and TC, respectively. Two mortalities in each group resulted from direct extension of cholecystitis. Conclusions Considering the higher risks of complications and mortality, PC should be avoided as long as possible, and patients should always be informed of its clinical outcomes postoperatively. Further elaboration of a safer operative plan should be sought.

  18. Symptomatic Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgias.

    PubMed

    de Coo, Ilse F; Wilbrink, Leopoldine A; Haan, Joost

    2015-08-01

    Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) are primary headache syndromes that share some clinical features such as a trigeminal distribution of the pain and accompanying ipsilateral autonomic symptoms. By definition, no underlying structural lesion for the phenotype is found. There are, however, many descriptions in the literature of patients with structural lesions causing symptoms that are indistinguishable from those of idiopathic TACs. In this article, we review the recent insights in symptomatic TACs by comparing and categorizing newly published cases. We confirm that symptomatic TACs can have typical phenotypes. It is of crucial importance to identify symptomatic TACs, as the underlying cause will influence treatment and outcome. Our update focuses on when a structural lesion should be sought. PMID:26092512

  19. Role of cholescintigraphy in management of acute acalculous cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Gokhale, Shefali M; Lokare, SD; Nemade, Pankaj

    2012-01-01

    Aim: This study is aimed to evaluate the role of cholescintigraphy in management of acute acalculous cholecystitis. Materials and Methods: A total of thirty two patients who had presented to the surgical out-patient department or referred from in-patient department or intensive care unit between February 2008 and February 2010 were studied. All patients with Ultrasonography abdomen findings of acalculous cholecystitis were included in the study and they underwent cholescintigraphy. Gall bladder ejection fraction (GBEF) was calculated 30 min after fatty meal. Patients who either had non-visualization of gall bladder or GBEF less than 40% were considered to have acalculous cholecystitis on cholescintigraphy. The patients were followed-up for a period of 3 months after the commencement of treatment. Results: Eleven patients had either non-visualization of gall bladder or GBEF < 40%. Of these, six patients underwent cholecystectomy and the rest were medically managed, as patients deferred surgery. 83.33% of post-cholecystectomy patients as against 40% of medically treated patients were symptom free. Twenty one patients had GBEF > 40%, 90.74% of these patients were symptom free at the end of 3 months, with medical management. Conclusion: Cholescintigraphy is an important adjunct in management of patients with acalculous cholecystitis by guiding the course of therapy-surgical management versus medical management. PMID:24019652

  20. Safety of laparoscopic approach for acute cholecystitis: retrospective study of 609 cases.

    PubMed

    Navez, B; Mutter, D; Russier, Y; Vix, M; Jamali, F; Lipski, D; Cambier, E; Guiot, P; Leroy, J; Marescaux, J

    2001-10-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is now widely accepted as the modality of choice for the treatment of symptomatic uncomplicated cholelithiasis. The application of the laparoscopic technique in the setting of acute cholecystitis (AC) is more controversial. The precise role as well as the potential benefits of LC in the treatment of the acutely inflamed gallbladder have not been clearly established through large clinical series. The aim of our study was to assess the feasibility, safety, benefits, and specific complications of the laparoscopic approach in patients with AC. A retrospective chart analysis involving the patients admitted to two busy emergency digestive surgical units between October 1990 and December 1997 was carried out. Six hundred and nine patients meeting our criteria for AC were identified and evaluated. Overall complication rate was 15% with 12 postoperative bile leakages (1.97%) and 4 biliary tract injuries (BTI) (0.66%). The overall mortality rate was 0.66%. Local and overall complication rates were significantly correlated with the delay between the onset of acute symptoms and the operation but not the rate of general complications nor deaths. Our results demonstrate the safety and feasibility of LC in the setting of AC. Early cholecystectomy within 4 days is strongly recommended to minimize complications and increase the chances of a successful laparoscopic approach. PMID:11596902

  1. Acalculous Cholecystitis Due to Histoplasma capsulatum in a Patient With HIV Infection

    PubMed Central

    Zabarsky, Gary

    2015-01-01

    Although acalculous cholecystitis typically occurs in critically ill individuals, it has been described in patients with HIV infection. Recognition of AIDS-related acalculous cholecystitis is important for gastroenterologists to provide optimal therapy, since many different opportunistic pathogens may be involved. Histoplasma capsulatum causes a wide spectrum of infectious sequelae, including disseminated histoplasmosis in patients with HIV infection, but biliary tract involvement has been described infrequently. We present a case of acalculous cholecystitis caused by H. capsulatum in a patient with HIV infection.

  2. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the treatment of acalculus cholecystitis in patients after thermal injury.

    PubMed

    McClain, T; Gilmore, B T; Peetz, M

    1997-01-01

    Acalculus cholecystitis accounts for 2% to 14% of all cases of acute cholecystitis and is seen with increasing frequency in patients after major trauma and burns. In these already compromised patients, acute acalculus cholecystitis can be difficult to diagnose and more difficult to treat. We present our experience with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in seven patients with this often lethal combination treated over the last 5 years. All the patients who underwent surgery survived and had minimal morbidity from their operations. We discuss the etiology and diagnosis and review the literature of the treatment of acalculus cholecystitis in patients after thermal injury. PMID:9095424

  3. Delayed presentation of traumatic diaphragmatic rupture with complicated cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Chun, Jae Min

    2013-01-01

    The right-sided diaphragmatic rupture is often clinically occulted due to buffering effects of the liver and thus, erroneous diagnosis of such rupture may result in life-threatening conditions. A 44-year-old female who had a history of car accident in 2006 was admitted to our hospital for pleuritic pain. On the chest computed tomography, she was diagnosed with diaphragmatic rupture accompanied by herniation of hypertrophic left liver with complicated cholecystitis and we carried out cholecystectomy, reduction of the liver, pleural drainage, and primary closure of the diaphragm via thoracic approaches. Our case is presented in three unique aspects: herniation of left hemiliver, hypertrophic liver herniated up to the 4th rib level, and combination of complicated cholecystitis. Although the diagnosis of right-sided diaphragmatic rupture can be challenging for the surgeon, an early diagnosis can prevent further complications on the clinical presentation.

  4. Acute acalculous cholecystitis complicated with peritonitis caused by Lactobacillus plantarum.

    PubMed

    Tena, Daniel; Martínez, Nora Mariela; Losa, Cristina; Fernández, Cristina; Medina, María José; Sáez-Nieto, Juan Antonio

    2013-08-01

    Lactobacillus spp. rarely causes human disease. We report a case of a 57-year-old man with non-insulin-dependent diabetes and vascular disease admitted to our hospital with severe abdominal pain and fever. Signs of peritonitis were found upon examination. The patient underwent surgery, and a diagnosis of perforated cholecystitis with purulent peritonitis was made intra-operatively. A cholecystectomy was performed, and therapy with imipenem was initiated. Lactobacillus plantarum was isolated from bile and peritoneal fluid cultures 2 days later. The patient recovered well and was discharged on post-operative day 16 after 14 days of treatment with imipenem. To our knowledge, this is the second case reported of acute cholecystitis caused by Lactobacillus spp. This organism should be considered as a cause of biliary infections, especially in patients with underlying diseases. Correct identification is often difficult, but it is very important because these organisms are usually resistant to vancomycin and other antibiotics. PMID:23886436

  5. [Diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. Ultrasound diagnosis is reliable].

    PubMed

    Kohlberger, E

    2001-03-29

    In the presence of typical ultrasonographic signs (Murphy's sign, established pericholecystitis) in patients with a relevant history and clinical presentation, diagnosis of acute cholecystitis can be established with a high degree of accuracy. As a non-invasive method, ultrasound can be used at the bedside of the severely ill patients, thus enabling the more economical use of more sophisticated and expensive examination methods. In the acute stage, the urgency of surgical intervention can be assessed. During follow-up, the effectiveness of conservative measures can be checked, failed treatment detected early on, and complications avoided. In high-risk patients, interventional procedures (puncture, percutaneous drainage) can be performed under US-control. Thus, US is the diagnostic modality of first choice for the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. It has relevance for decision-taking, and is an indispensable procedure in the emergency setting. PMID:11332015

  6. Plesiomonas shigelloides in acute cholecystitis: a case report.

    PubMed Central

    Claesson, B E; Holmlund, D E; Lindhagen, C A; Mätzsch, T W

    1984-01-01

    Plesiomonas shigelloides was isolated as the sole pathogen from gallbladder bile and wall in a 58-year-old woman with acute cholecystitis. The patient developed an unusual postoperative complication characterized by culture-negative discharge from the wound in combination with extensive abdominal cellulitis and afebrility. Agglutinating antibodies to P. shigelloides were demonstrated in the serum of the patient by the microscopic Widal agglutination test. PMID:6511879

  7. Percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy in critically ill patients with acute calculus cholecystitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ram M Spira; Aviran Nissan; Oded Zamir; Tzeela Cohen; Scott I Fields; Herbert R Freund

    2002-01-01

    Background: The ultimate therapy for acute cholecystitis is cholecystectomy. However, in critically ill elderly patients the mortality of emergency cholecystectomy may reach up to 30%. Open cholecystostomy performed under local anesthesia was considered to be the procedure of choice for treatment of acute cholecystitis in high-risk patients. In recent years, ultrasound- or computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy (PTHC) replaced

  8. Symptomatic Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Henze; P. Rieckmann; K. V. Toyka

    2006-01-01

    Besides immunomodulation and immunosuppression, the specific treatment of symptoms is an essential component of the overall management of multiple sclerosis (MS). Symptomatic treatment is aimed at the elimination or reduction of symptoms impairing the functional abilities and quality of life of the affected patients. Moreover, with symptomatic treatment the development of a secondary physical impairment due to an existing one

  9. Topical tacrolimus in the treatment of symptomatic oral lichen planus: A series of 13 patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Todd W. Rozycki; Roy S. Rogers; Mark R. Pittelkow; Marian T. McEvoy; Rokea A. el-Azhary; Alison J. Bruce; Joseph P. Fiore; Mark D. P. Davis

    2002-01-01

    Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a relatively common, chronic inflammatory condition, which frequently presents with symptoms of pain and irritation. OLP is often difficult to manage. Therefore there is a need for more effective and safer therapies for symptomatic OLP. Objective: Our purpose was to determine the effectiveness of topical tacrolimus as therapy for symptomatic OLP. Methods: A retrospective

  10. Salmonella cholecystitis: atypical presentation of a typical condition.

    PubMed

    Ali, Rehan; Ahmed, Shakeel; Qadir, Maqbool; Atiq, Huba; Hamid, Muhammad

    2013-11-01

    Salmonella cholecystitis is a rare but important complication of Salmonella typhi infection. We are reporting an 11 years old female child who presented with complaints of high-grade fever, jaundice and right sided abdominal pain (Charcot's triad). Her examination showed tender hepatomegaly. Initial blood results revealed high white cell counts with left shift, deranged liver function tests. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed distended gallbladder with minimal layer of sludge seen within its lumen along with streak of pericholecystic fluid. Blood culture grew Salmonella typhi. She was successfully treated with intravenous ceftriaxone. PMID:24169398

  11. Percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy for acute complicated cholecystitis in elderly patients.

    PubMed

    Van Steenbergen, W; Ponette, E; Marchal, G; Pelemans, W; Aerts, R; Fevery, J; De Groote, J

    1990-10-01

    We report our experience with percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy in 10 elderly patients with acute cholecystitis, complicated by empyema formation. Most of these patients has severe underlying disease, rendering them at high risk for surgical intervention. In all patients, the percutaneous procedure was followed by a rapid regression of clinical symptoms and of radiologic abnormalities. Six were considered inoperable. Three of these remain free of biliary symptoms, respectively 22, 10, and 7 months after percutaneous cholecystostomy. Three others died of nonbiliary disease 1-4 months after cholecystostomy. Three patients underwent successful elective cholecystostomy 1-5 wk after percutaneous cholecystostomy. In one patient, cholecystectomy had to be performed because of recurrence of hydrops, 1 wk after catheter removal. In our opinion, percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy is a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of elderly patients with acute complicated cholecystitis. It can be followed by elective cholecystectomy in good surgical candidates, or by an expectant conservative management in high surgical risk patients. PMID:2220730

  12. Obstructive cholelithiasis and cholecystitis in a kinkajou (Potos flavus).

    PubMed

    Potier, Romain; Reineau, Olivier

    2015-03-01

    A 14.5-yr-old female kinkajou (Potos flavus) was diagnosed with cholelithiasis after an episode of vomiting; diagnostics included biochemical analysis and abdominal ultrasound exam. Despite antimicrobial treatment, cholelithiasis led to cholecystitis. A cholecystotomy was performed to remove choleliths and inspissated bile. Morphological and spectroscopic properties of the choleliths were similar to those of gallstones from the brown pigment family and Streptococcus sp. and Escherichia coli were isolated from the bile. Biliary tract infection is directly related to pathogenesis of brown pigment gallstones. Serial ultrasound exams revealed that cholecystitis developed secondary to the presence of gallstones in the biliary tree. Despite full recovery postsurgery, the patient died 15 mo later from gallbladder necrosis. Based on the progression of this case, a cholecystectomy would be preferred over a cholecystotomy in similar cases, and the efficacy of long-acting antibiotics may not be adequate in nontarget species. Gallstones and biliary tract infection are rarely described in small domestic carnivores, and this is the first reported case in a kinkajou. PMID:25831597

  13. A complication of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis with Mirizzi syndrome.

    PubMed

    Zhang, H-Y; Cao, X-D; Chen, J-J; Luo, Y-Q; Wang, X-C

    2015-05-01

    A patient had right upper quadrant pain with sclera was transferred from emergency room to the hospital, she was proposed to have acute cholecystitis, gallstones, obstructive jaundice, and a four-year history of gallbladder stones. The NMR results showed that the gallbladder was significantly enlarged and the gallbladder wall was thickening irregularly. The liver morphology was not abnormal except with extensive intrahepatic bile duct dilatation. The MRCP results demonstrated that the intrahepatic bile ducts were significant expanded. The ERCP results showed that duodenal stenosis and extra-hepatic bile duct stenosis. We placed a plastic stent of 8.5Fr and 12 cm in length in the hepatic duct, and after biliary plastic stent placement, jaundice was rapidly reduced and liver function was improved significantly. A surgery was performed and the final pathologic diagnosis is a complication of Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis with Mirizzi syndrome. After the surgery of cholecystectomy and a bile duct repair were performed, the patient was recovered well. Conclusively, if a patient was diagnosed as biliary stricture, a biliary metal stent should not be placed until pathological diagnosis of malignancy. PMID:26044215

  14. Porcine cholecyst-derived scaffold promotes full-thickness wound healing in rabbit.

    PubMed

    Revi, Deepa; Vineetha, Vadavanath Prabhakaran; Muhamed, Jaseer; Rajan, Akhila; Anilkumar, Thapasimuthu Vijayamma

    2013-01-01

    Graft-assisted healing is an important strategy for treating full-thickness skin wounds. This study evaluated the properties of porcine cholecyst-derived scaffold and its use for treating full-thickness skin wound in rabbit. The physical properties of cholecyst-derived scaffold were congenial for skin-graft application. Compared to a commercially available skin-graft substitute made of porcine small intestinal submucosa, the cholecyst-derived scaffold was rich in natural biomolecules like elastin and glycosaminoglycans. When used as a xenograft, it promoted healing with excess cell proliferation at early phases and acceptable collagen deposition in the later remodelling phases. PMID:24555014

  15. Porcine cholecyst–derived scaffold promotes full-thickness wound healing in rabbit

    PubMed Central

    Revi, Deepa; Vineetha, Vadavanath Prabhakaran; Muhamed, Jaseer; Rajan, Akhila

    2013-01-01

    Graft-assisted healing is an important strategy for treating full-thickness skin wounds. This study evaluated the properties of porcine cholecyst–derived scaffold and its use for treating full-thickness skin wound in rabbit. The physical properties of cholecyst-derived scaffold were congenial for skin-graft application. Compared to a commercially available skin-graft substitute made of porcine small intestinal submucosa, the cholecyst-derived scaffold was rich in natural biomolecules like elastin and glycosaminoglycans. When used as a xenograft, it promoted healing with excess cell proliferation at early phases and acceptable collagen deposition in the later remodelling phases. PMID:24555014

  16. Acute Cholecystitis Caused by Malignant Cystic Duct Obstruction: Treatment with Metallic Stent Placement

    SciTech Connect

    Miyayama, Shiro, E-mail: s-miyayama@fukui.saiseikai.or.jp; Yamashiro, Masashi; Takeda, Taro; Aburano, Hiroyuki [Fukuiken Saiseikai Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Japan); Komatsu, Tetsuya [Fukuiken Saiseikai Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology (Japan); Sanada, Taku; Kosaka, Shotaro; Toya, Daisyu [Fukuiken Saiseikai Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine (Japan); Matsui, Osamu [Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2008-07-15

    We report the successful management of acute cholecystitis using cystic duct stent placement in 3 patients with inoperable malignant cystic duct obstruction (2 cholangiocarcinoma and 1 pancreatic carcinoma). All patients underwent stent placement in the bile duct, using an uncovered stent in 2 and a covered stent in 1, to relieve jaundice occurring 8-184 days (mean 120 days) before the development of acute cholecystitis. The occluded cystic duct was traversed by a microcatheter and a stent was implanted 4-17 days (mean 12 days) after cholecystostomy. Acute cholecystitis was improved after the procedure in all patients. Two patients died 3 and 10 months later, while 1 has survived without cholecystitis for 22 months after the procedure to date.

  17. Suspected acute cholecystitis. Comparison of hepatobiliary scintigraphy versus ultrasonography

    SciTech Connect

    Freitas, J.E.; Mirkes, S.H.; Fink-Bennett, D.M.; Bree, R.L.

    1982-08-01

    One hundred ninety-five patients with suspected acute cholecystitis (AC) underwent both hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) and static gray-scale ultrasonography (US) to assess the relative value of each imaging modality in this clinical setting. HBS was performed after the intravenous injection of 5 mCi /sup 99m/Tc iprofenin. Abnormal HBS indicative of AC visualized the common bile duct, but not the gallbladder, within 1 to 4 hours after tracer administration. Abnormal US indicative of AC demonstrated cholelithiasis and/or gallbladder wall edema. In this series, HBS surpassed US in sensitivity (98.3% versus 81.4%), specificity (90.2% versus 60.2%), predictive value of an abnormal test (91.4% versus 51.6%), and predictive value of a normal test (100% versus 92%), HBS should be the procedure of choice for the rapid detection of AC.

  18. HIDA scanning and ultrasonography in the expeditious diagnosis of acute cholecystitis

    SciTech Connect

    Massie, J.D.; Austin, H.M.; Kuvula, M.; Tarcan, Y.

    1982-02-01

    Radionuclide hepatobiliary imaging (HIDA scanning), a pathophysiologic modality, has become the diagnostic method of choice for suspected acute cholecystitis. The diagnosis is made quickly with this technic, which is simple, safe, and accurate. It is in widespread use and will soon be available for small community hospitals as well as large metropolitan and university centers. Ultrasound, though an excellent anatomic modality for diagnosing cholelithiasis, does not demonstrate the status of the cystic duct, information essential to the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis.

  19. Symptomatic animal models for dystonia

    PubMed Central

    Wilson, Bethany K.; Hess, Ellen J.

    2013-01-01

    Symptomatic animal models have clinical features consistent with human disorders and are often used to identify the anatomical and physiological processes involved in the expression of symptoms and to experimentally demonstrate causality where it would be infeasible in the patient population. Rodent and primate models of dystonia have identified basal ganglia abnormalities, including alterations in striatal GABAergic and dopaminergic transmission. Symptomatic animal models have also established the critical role of the cerebellum in dystonia, particularly abnormal glutamate signaling and aberrant Purkinje cell activity. Further, experiments suggest that the basal ganglia and cerebellum are nodes in an integrated network that is dysfunctional in dystonia. The knowledge gained from experiments in symptomatic animal models may serve as the foundation for the development of novel therapeutic interventions to treat dystonia. PMID:23893454

  20. The outcome of early laparoscopic surgery to treat acute cholecystitis: a single-center experience

    PubMed Central

    Ciftci, Fatih; Abdurrahman, Ibrahim; Girgin, Sadullah

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the outcome of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients with acute cholecystitis. Materials and methods: Between July 2005 and December 2012, of 623 patients who had symptoms of acute cholecystitis during the first 72 h of hospital admission and who did not respond to non-operative treatment, 302 underwent surgical treatment. After initial treatment, all patients were followed up for 21 months on average (range: 5-27 months). The clinical, biochemical, radiological, and operative data of the 302 consecutive patients with acute cholecystitis were recorded and analyzed prospectively. Results: Of the 302 patients who underwent LC for acute cholecystitis, 169 were females and 133 males. Their mean ages were 47.8 years (range: 17-79 years) and 53.3 years (range: 27-90 years) respectively. Conversion to open surgery was required in 32 patients (10.5%). The mean postoperative length of hospital stay was 2 days (range: 1-3 days) in the LC group and 3 days (range: 2-6 days) in the conversion group. Significant differences between the successful LC group and the conversion group were evident terms of the length of postoperative hospitalization and gallbladder wall thickness (P=0.023). Factors associated with conversion were male gender, pericholecystic collection observed via ultrasound, gangrenous cholecystitis, and gallbladder wall thickness >1 cm. We experienced two minor bile duct injury complications that were treated via T tube placement. No mortality occurred. Ten patients suffered infections at the incisional locations, and eight patients developed lung infections. Conclusion: Early LC is safe in patients with acute cholecystitis. Male gender, pericholecystic collection determined via ultrasound, gangrenous cholecystitis, and gallbladder wall thickness >1 cm are associated with a higher risk of conversion to open surgery.

  1. [Acute pancreatitis and acalculous cholecystitis associated with viral hepatitis A].

    PubMed

    Arcana, Ronald; Frisancho, Oscar

    2011-01-01

    We report the case of a 14 year-old male from Lima. He is a student with a history of bronchial asthma since age 4 receives conditional salbutamol, corticosteroids used for asthma attacks (a crisis in 2010, 1 month ago) Refuses surgery or transfusions. He presented with a two weeks for abdominal pain, nausea, fever, and jaundice. Epigastric pain is colicky and radiated back to righ upper quadrant, refers in addition to nausea and fever, for ten days notice jaundice of skin and sclera. On examen he was lucid, with jaundice of skin and mucous membranes. There was no palpable lymph nodes, abdomen with bowel sounds, soft, depressible, liver span of 15cm, positive Murphy, no peritonitis. The laboratory findings showed hemoglobin 13gr, MCV 90, platelets 461.000/mm3, WBC 4320/mm, lymphocytes 1700 (39%). total bilirubin: 8.8, B Direct: 7.6, ALT (alanine aminotransferase): 3016, AST (aspartate aminotransferase): 984, alkaline phosphatase: 250, albumin: 3.34gr%, globulin: 2.8, amylase: 589 (high serum amylase), TP: 17, INR: 1.6, VHA IgM positive. 89 mg glucose, urea 19 mg%, creatinine 0.5 mg Hemoglobin 13gr, MCV 90 Platelet 461000/mm3, WBC 4320/mm, Lymphocytes 1700 (39%). The nuclear magnetic resonance showed hepatomegaly associated with thickening of gallbladder wall without stones up to 11mm inside. No bile duct dilatation, bile duct 4mm, pancreas increased prevalence of body size. Mild splenomegaly and free fluid in the space of Morrison and right flank. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a gallbladder wall thickness (11mm), without stones in his light. Pancreas to increase volume with peripancreatic fluid free perivesicular with a volume of 430 cc. Findings consistent with acute acalculous cholecystitis and acute pancreatitis. CT-scan showed enlarged pancreas with predominance of body and tail with peripancreatic edema; the gallbladder was thickening. We report this case because the extrahepatic manifestations of viral hepatitis A infection are uncommon, specially the associated with acute acalculous cholecystitis and acute pancreatitis simultaneous. PMID:21836659

  2. Old man gallbladder syndrome: Gangrenous cholecystitis in the unsuspected patient population

    PubMed Central

    Dhir, Teena; Schiowitz, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Acute cholecystitis is a common surgical condition, but not many are aware of the serious complication of gangrenous cholecystitis (GC). Presence of GC increases patients’ postoperative complications, morbidity and mortality. Predictive factors for GC include age >45, male gender, white blood cell count >13,000/mm3 and ultrasound findings of a negative Murphy’s sign. Case presentation (1) GW, 83 male with dull right upper quadrant pain and a negative Murphy’s sign with further imaging showing a thickened septated gallbladder suggestive of GC. Patient’s surgery was difficult and he received a cholecystostomy tube for drainage. (2) PH, 75 male with minimal right upper quadrant pain, equivocal ultrasound with a negative Murphy’s sign and computer tomography (CT) showing acute cholecystitis. Patient was taken to the operating room for cholecystectomy, with pathology consistent with gangrenous cholecystitis. Discussion Multiple laboratory findings and imaging patterns have been found to be highly predictive of GC. Along with age and WBC, thickened gallbladder wall and lack of mucosal enhancement have been predictive of GC. On physical examination, lack of Murphy’s sign secondary to denervation from gangrenous changes also increases the index of suspicion for GC. Conclusion GC is a serious complication of acute cholecystitis with increased morbidity and mortality. There should be a high index of suspicion for GC if the above unique physical and laboratory findings are present. PMID:25917175

  3. Capnocytophaga canimorsus bacteremia presenting with acute cholecystitis after a dog bite.

    PubMed

    Nishioka, Hiroaki; Kozuki, Tomohiro; Kamei, Hiroki

    2015-03-01

    Capnocytophaga canimorsus is part of normal gingival flora of dogs and cats. The organism can cause septicemia, meningitis, and endocarditis in humans after contact with dogs or cats. In spite of the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms in C. canimorsus infection patients, specific gastrointestinal disease or clinical images have not been reported. We report a case of C. canimorsus bacteremia presenting with acute cholecystitis in elderly woman. She suffered from general fatigue and right upper abdominal pain. She had leukocytosis and abnormal liver function tests. She showed abnormal findings of the gallbladder by abdominal computed tomography and ultrasonography. She was diagnosed with acute cholecystitis without gallstones and was administered with antibiotics. C. canimorsus was isolated from blood cultures. A history of an insignificant wound secondary to a dog bite was elicited. She recovered completely with antibiotic treatment. This case revealed that C. canimorsus bacteremia can be presented with acute cholecystitis, suggesting that C. canimorsus could cause cholecystitis. And this cholecystitis can be treated with antibiotics without operation. Physicians seeing patients with acute cholecysitis should ask questions regarding animal contact. PMID:25445385

  4. [Indomethacin in the treatment of acute cholecystitis and biliary colic].

    PubMed

    Añez, M S; Martínez, D; Pacheco, J L; González, H; Rivera, J; Pelaschier, E; Uzcátegui, L; Romero, M D; Molina, Z; Roditti de Montilla, M

    1991-01-01

    Prostaglandins GE2 produces on the gallbladder a rise in intraluminal pressure, an increase in in intraluminal secretion, improves gallbladder contraction and decreases its absorption capacity. In this study, patients who received indomethacin twice a day by rectum, showed a significant reduction in volume and area of gallbladder after 24 and 48 hours (P < 0.05). The gallbladder volume after 24 hours had SEM 9.13 cm3, 95% CI 55.28 + 73.49 (P < 0.05). Score pain reduction after 24 hours was also significant (P < 0.001). The patients who underwent the classical Baralcina treatment of one IV vial BID showed a reduction in diameter and area of gallbladder but this was not statistically significant (P < 0.10). Reduction of volume at 24 hours was SEM 5.34 cm3 95% CI - 64.72 + 76.60 P 0.10 NS; and at 48 hours SEM 3.5 cm3, 95% CI 59.52% + 66.52 P 0.40. Score pain reduction was only significant at 48 hours P 0.001. The number of patients without pain at 24 hours was significantly higher in the indomethacin group ESP 0.21; 95% CI 0.46 + 0.88 P 0.001. In conclusion indomethacin is a useful medication in the treatment of acute cholecystitis and biliary colic due to its anti-prostaglandin effect on the gallbladder. PMID:1843681

  5. Morphine-augmented cholescintigraphy in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, E.E.; Pjura, G.; Lowry, P.; Nguyen, M.; Pollack, M.

    1986-12-01

    Cholescintigraphy is a sensitive procedure for diagnosing or excluding acute cholecystitis. However, when rapid diagnosis is critical, the requirement for delayed images (4 hr or more after injection) to minimize the false-positive rate diminishes its utility. We prospectively evaluated 40 cholescintigraphic examinations that did not visualize the gallbladder 1 hr after injection of 99mTc diisopropyliminodiacetic acid. These examinations were then augmented by administration of IV morphine, followed by an additional 30 min of imaging. After the morphine, 18 of these examinations demonstrated visualization of the gallbladder; none subsequently required surgical exploration. Of the remaining 22, who demonstrated persistent nonvisualization of the gallbladder post-morphine, 11 were explored surgically and found to be abnormal. The 11 others were treated medically. Low-dose morphine administered when the gallbladder fails to visualize after 1 hr is a useful adjunct to conventional cholescintigraphy because it reduces the time required to obtain a diagnostic result and decreases the number of false-positive results.

  6. Chronic cough.

    PubMed

    Rai, S P

    2013-05-01

    Chronic cough is often viewed as a difficult clinical problem. It can be physically and psychologically debilitating, occasionally leading to serious complications. Although there are many etiologies, an organized approach including focused history and physical examination, directed testing in select cases, and treatment trials lead to accurate, safe, and cost-effective diagnoses in most patients. Additional symptomatic treatment is frequently beneficial. Occasionally, diagnostic dilemmas, treatment failures, or more serious causative disorders necessitate referral for further testing and management. PMID:24490448

  7. Symptomatic Myocarditis in Kawasaki Disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pooja Aggarwal; Deepti Suri; Nidhi Narula; Rohit Manojkumar; Surjit Singh

    Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness of infants and young children that is characterized by a medium vessel vasculitis,\\u000a most commonly involving the coronary arteries. Though subclinical myocarditis is rather common in KD, symptomatic congestive\\u000a heart failure is extremely uncommon. The authors report a 9-y-old boy who developed heart failure (ejection fraction 28%)\\u000a in the acute phase of

  8. Acute acalculous cholecystitis in a 17-year-old girl with Epstein-Barr virus infection

    PubMed Central

    Paw?owska-Kamieniak, Agnieszka; Go?yska, Dorota; Kominek, Katarzyna; Pac-Kozuchowska, El?bieta

    2015-01-01

    Acute cholecystitis is most frequently concomitant with cholelithiasis, whereas acute acalculous cholecystitis is usually of an infectious aetiology. Among the aetiological factors, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is also mentioned. The case of a 17-year-old girl is described, hospitalised in the Children's Clinical Hospital, Paediatric Clinic, at the Medical University in Lublin, due to fever, upper abdomen pain lasting for a week, and nausea for several days. Based on the diagnostic – laboratory tests performed and ultrasonographic examination, acute acalculous cholecystitis was diagnosed, taking course with elevated aminotransferase activity and features of cholestasis. Serological tests confirmed an acute infection with Epstein-Barr virus. After 2 weeks of hospitalisation, the patient, receiving conservative treatment, was discharged home in good condition. A follow-up examination performed 2 weeks later did not show deviation from normal. PMID:25960817

  9. Acute intermittent porphyria caused by novel mutation in HMBS gene, misdiagnosed as cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Alfadhel, Majid; Saleh, Neam; Alenazi, Helal; Baffoe-Bonnie, Henry

    2014-01-01

    Background Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is an autosomal dominant neurovisceral inherited disorder due to a defect in the heme biosynthesis pathway. Misdiagnosis of the porphyrias is not uncommon. Case report We present a case of a 26-year-old female with suspected acute cholecystitis, mental status changes, and seizures. Biochemical and molecular investigations confirmed the diagnosis of AIP by findings of elevated urinary porphobilinogen, 5-aminolevulinic acid, and total porphyrins. DNA molecular testing showed a novel heterozygous mutation (c. 760delC p.L254X) in the exon11 of the HMBS gene. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a misdiagnosis of AIP presenting with acute cholecystitis. Conclusion Clinicians are alerted to consider the possibility of AIP in an adult presenting with an acute abdomen, features of cholecystitis, and neuropsychiatric manifestations. PMID:25419136

  10. Emphysematous Cholecystitis Resulting in Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis: A Rare Complication of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography

    PubMed Central

    Aslanian, Harry R.; Pollak, Jeffrey; Reiner, Eric; Salem, Ronald R.; Taddei, Tamar H.; Emre, Sukru H.; Jamidar, Priya A.

    2013-01-01

    A 48-year-old female developed acute emphysematous cholecystitis after an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for evaluation of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Cholecystectomy was performed 2 days later. Cultures grew Clostridium perfringens. The patient received broad-spectrum antibiotics but developed recurrent cholangitic abscesses and intra- and extra-hepatic biliary necrosis. She was managed by percutaneous transhepatic biliary drains. For next 3 years, patient had recurrent episodes of biliary obstruction, cholangitis, and sepsis, resulting in secondary biliary cirrhosis requiring a liver transplantation. Emphysematous cholecystitis is a rare complication of ERCP. Prompt diagnosis and surgical management can prevent further spread of infection to biliary tree.

  11. Molecular analysis of bacteria in asymptomatic and symptomatic endodontic infections.

    PubMed

    Sakamoto, M; Rôças, I N; Siqueira, J F; Benno, Y

    2006-04-01

    The purpose of the present study was to use terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and the 16S rRNA gene clone library to investigate the diversity of the microbiota associated with asymptomatic and symptomatic endodontic infections and to compare the bacterial community structure in these two clinical conditions. Samples were taken from asymptomatic endodontic infections associated with chronic periradicular lesions and from symptomatic infections clinically diagnosed as acute abscesses. 16S rRNA genes from DNA isolated from clinical samples were used to construct clone libraries or were subjected to terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Sequence analysis of 186 clones revealed 42 taxa; 23 (55%) were uncultivated phylotypes, of which seven were unique to endodontic infections. Clone sequencing and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis revealed that the most commonly detected taxa were Fusobacterium nucleatum (including terminal restriction fragment types 1 and 2), Peptostreptococcus micros/Peptostreptococcus sp. oral clone AJ062/BS044/FG014, Prevotella species, Dialister species, Mogibacterium species, Lachnospiraceae oral clone 55A-34, Filifactor alocis, Megasphaera sp. oral clone CS025/BS073, and Veillonella sp. oral clone BP1-85/Veillonella dispar/V. parvula. Bacteroides-like sp. oral clone X083/Bacteroidales oral clone MCE7_20 and Dialister sp. oral clone BS016/MCE7_134 were detected only in asymptomatic teeth. On the other hand, F. nucleatum terminal restriction fragment type 2, Prevotella intermedia, Dialister pneumosintes, and some phylotypes were exclusively detected in symptomatic samples. Bacterial profiles of symptomatic endodontic infections generated by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis were clearly different from those of asymptomatic infections. Overall, the average number of terminal restriction fragments in symptomatic samples was significantly larger than in asymptomatic samples. Molecular analysis of the microbiota associated with symptomatic or asymptomatic endodontic infections indicates that the endodontic bacterial diversity is greater than previously described by culture methods and that the structure of the microbiota differ significantly between asymptomatic and symptomatic infections. PMID:16476021

  12. Complications and Late Outcome following Percutaneous Drainage of the Gallbladder in Acute Calculous Cholecystitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Åke Andrén-Sandberg; Trond Haugsvedt; Trond Bjerke Larssen; Karl Søndenaa

    2001-01-01

    Background: Acute septic cholecystitis (AC) remains a difficult problem in patients with coexisting severe illness, and ultrasonographically guided percutaneous puncture and drainage of the gallbladder (PTBD) may be an alternative treatment in this context. Setting: University Hospital, Norway. Methods: Retrospective study of the safety and efficacy of this approach in 86 consecutive patients treated from 1992 to 1999. Results: Five

  13. Early Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy with Continuous Pressurized Irrigation and Dissection in Acute Cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Ozsan, I.; Yoldas, O.; Karabuga, T.; Y?ld?r?m, U. M.; Cetin, H. Y.; Alpdo?an, O.; Aydin, U.

    2015-01-01

    Background. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preliminary results of a new dissection technique in acute cholecystitis. Material and Method. One hundred and forty-nine consecutive patients with acute cholecystitis were operated on with continuous pressurized irrigation and dissection technique. The diagnosis of acute cholecystitis was based on clinical, laboratory, and radiological evidences. Age, gender, time from symptom onset to hospital admission, operative risk according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, white blood cell count, C-reactive protein test levels, positive findings of radiologic evaluation of the patients, operation time, perioperative complications, mortality, and conversion to open surgery were prospectively recorded. Results. Of the 149 patients, 87 (58,4%) were female and 62 (41,6%) were male. The mean age was 46.3 ± 6.7 years. The median time from symptom onset to hospital admission 3.2 days (range, 1–6). There were no major complications such as bile leak, common bile duct injury or bleeding. Subhepatic liquid collection occurred in 3 of the patients which was managed by percutaneous drainage. Conversion to open surgery was required in four (2,69%) patients. There was no mortality in the study group. Conclusion. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy with continuous pressurized irrigation and dissection technique in acute cholecystitis seems to be an effective and reliable procedure with low complication and conversion rates. PMID:25810716

  14. Acalculous Cholecystitis as the Initial Presentation of Systemic Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    PubMed Central

    Laichuthai, Nitchakarn; Treeprasertsuk, Sombat

    2015-01-01

    The involvement of the gallbladder in systemic lymphoma is extremely rare. We report a challenging case of systemic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) that initially presented with septic shock from acalculous cholecystitis. After extensive investigation, DLBCL was found to be the underlying cause of gallbladder disease.

  15. Infrared thermoimages display of body surface temperature reaction in experimental cholecystitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dong Zhang; Yuan-Gen Zhu; Shu-You Wang; Hui-Min Ma; Yan-Yan Ye; Wei-Xing Fu; Wei-Guo Hu

    AIM: To display the thermoimages of the body surface in experimental cholecystitis, to observe the body surface temperature reaction in visceral disorders, and to study if the theory of body surface-viscera correlation is true and the mechanism of temperature changes along the meridians. METHODS: By injecting bacteria suspension into the stricture bile duct and gallbladder, 21 rabbits were prepared as

  16. Can acute cholecystitis produce obstructive jaundice in the absence of choledocholithiasis?

    PubMed

    Warner, C; Densler, J; Meadows, W; Godwin, J

    1986-10-01

    A case is presented of acute cholecystitis that produced extensive ascending, intrahepatic acute cholangitis (sufficient to produce obstructive jaundice of significant degree) without evidence of choledocholithiasis or ductal dilatation.Questions are raised concerning the present accepted clinical classification of both cholangitis and obstructive jaundice. PMID:3783755

  17. [The choice of the endoscopic treatment method in patients with acute cholecystitis, complicated by choledocholithiasis].

    PubMed

    Ohorodnyk, P V; Kolomi?tsev, V I; De?nychenko, A H

    2014-07-01

    Peculiarities of the endoscopic methods application while treating 530 patients, suffering an acute cholecystitis, complicated by choledocholithiasis, were studied. Certain advantages of a two-staged treatment of the patients with initial management of biliary problems, using endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, were established. PMID:25252402

  18. [Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis in pregnancy: a case report in woman with situs viscerum inversus].

    PubMed

    Pezzolla, Angela; Lattarulo, Serafina; Disabato, Maria; Barile, Graziana; Primiceri, Giuliana; Paradies, Daniele

    2012-12-01

    We report a case of a three month young pregnant woman (In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer - IVF-ET - twin pregnancy) with situs viscerum inversus totalis affected by acute cholecystitis. As already happened in other pregnant women, we use laparoscopic approach and cholecystectomy is performed successfully without any morbidity for mother and fetuses. PMID:23258242

  19. Determination of optimal operation time for the management of acute cholecystitis: a clinical trial

    PubMed Central

    Ucar, Ahmet Deniz; Yakan, Savas; Carti, Erdem Baris; Coskun, Ali; Erkan, Nazif; Yildirim, Mehmet

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Although all studies have reported that laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a safe and effective treatment for acute cholecystitis, the optimal timing for the procedure is still the subject of some debate. Aim This retrospective analysis of a prospective database was aimed at comparing early with delayed LC for acute cholecystitis. Material and methods The LC was performed in 165 patients, of whom 83 were operated within 72 h of admission (group 1) and 82 patients after 72 h (group 2) with acute cholecystitis between January 2012 and August 2013. All data were collected prospectively and both groups compared in terms of age, sex, fever, white blood count count, ultrasound findings, operation time, conversion to open surgery, complications and mean hospital stay. Results The study included 165 patients, 53 men and 112 women, who had median age 54 (20–85) years. The overall conversion rate was 27.9%. There was no significant difference in conversion rates (21% vs. 34%) between groups (p = 0.08). The operation time (116 min vs. 102 min, p = 0.02) was significantly increased in group 1. The complication rates (9% vs. 18%, p = 0.03) and total hospital stay (3.8 days vs. 7.9 days, p = 0.001) were significantly reduced in group 1. Conclusions Early LC within 72 h of admission reduces complications and hospital stay and is the preferred approach for acute cholecystitis. PMID:25097711

  20. First Report of Acute Cholecystitis with Sepsis Caused by Cellulomonas denverensis?

    PubMed Central

    Ohtaki, Hirofumi; Ohkusu, Kiyofumi; Sawamura, Haruki; Ohta, Hirotoshi; Inoue, Rina; Iwasa, Junpei; Ito, Hiroyasu; Murakami, Nobuo; Ezaki, Takayuki; Moriwaki, Hisataka; Seishima, Mitsuru

    2009-01-01

    Cellulomonas denverensis is a small and thin gram-positive rod-shaped bacterium that was proposed as a new species in 2005. Here we report a female case of acute cholecystitis and sepsis in which C. denverensis was determined to be causative. PMID:19656981

  1. Pregnancy related symptomatic vertebral hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Meena; Nayak, Rajeev; Singh, Hukum; Khwaja, Geeta; Chowdhury, Debashish

    2014-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors of the spine that remain asymptomatic in most cases and incidentally encountered on imaging. Rarely, altered hemodynamic and hormonal changes during pregnancy may expand these benign lesions resulting in severe cord compression. The management of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma during pregnancy is controversial as modalities like radiotherapy and embolization are not suitable and surgery during pregnancy has a risk of preterm labor. Few cases of pregnancy related symptomatic vertebral hemangioma with marked epidural component have been reported in the literature. We report a case of 23-year-old primigravida who developed rapidly progressive paraparesis at 28 weeks of gestation and spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed upper thoracic vertebral hemangioma with extensive extra-osseous extension and spinal cord compression. Laminectomy and surgical decompression of the cord was performed at 32 weeks of the pregnancy. There was significant improvement in muscle power after a week of surgery. Six weeks postoperatively she delivered a full term normal baby with subsequent improvement of neurologic deficit. Repeat MRI of dorsal spine performed at 3 months postoperatively showed reduced posterior and anterior epidural components of vertebral hemangioma. PMID:24753678

  2. Symptomatic treatment of Huntington disease.

    PubMed

    Adam, Octavian R; Jankovic, Joseph

    2008-04-01

    Huntington disease (HD) is a progressive heredoneurodegenerative disease manifested by chorea and other hyperkinetic (dystonia, myoclonus, tics) and hypokinetic (parkinsonism) movement disorders. In addition, a variety of psychiatric and behavioral symptoms, along with cognitive decline, contribute significantly to the patient's disability. Because there are no effective neuroprotective therapies that delay the progression of the disease, symptomatic treatment remains the cornerstone of medical management. Several classes of medications have been used to ameliorate the various symptoms of HD, including typical and atypical neuroleptics, dopamine depleters, antidepressants, antiglutamatergic drugs, GABA agonists, antiepileptic medications, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, and botulinum toxin. Recently, surgical approaches including pallidotomy, deep brain stimulation, and fetal cell transplants have been used for the symptomatic treatment of HD. The selected therapy must be customized to the needs of each patient, minimizing the potential adverse effects. The primary aim of this article is to review the role of the different therapies, both available and investigational, for the treatment of the motor, psychiatric, behavioral, and cognitive symptoms of HD, and to examine their impact on the patient's functionality and quality of life. PMID:18394562

  3. Management of acute cholecystitis in critically ill patients: contemporary role for cholecystostomy and subsequent cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Morse, Bryan C; Smith, J Brandon; Lawdahl, Richard B; Roettger, Richard H

    2010-07-01

    The diagnosis of acute cholecystitis in critically ill patients carries a high mortality rate. Although decompression and drainage of the gallbladder through a cholecystostomy tube may be used as a temporary treatment of acute cholecystitis in this population, there is still some debate about the management of the tube and the subsequent need for a cholecystectomy. This series evaluates the clinical course and outcomes of critically ill patients who underwent the insertion of cholecystostomy tubes for the initial treatment of acute cholecystitis. This is a retrospective review of critically ill patients admitted to the hospital intensive care unit who were diagnosed with acute cholecystitis and underwent a cholecystostomy tube as a temporary treatment for the disease. Patients were identified through the Greenville Hospital System electronic medical records coding database. Medical records were reviewed for demographic data, diagnoses, imaging, complications, and outcomes. From January 2002 through June 2008, 50 patients were identified for the study. The mean age was 72 +/- 11 years, and the majority (66%) were men. The following comorbidities were found: severe cardiovascular disease (40 patients), respiratory failure (30 patients), and multisystem organ dysfunction (30 patients). The mean intensive care unit length of stay (LOS) was 16 +/- 9 days, and the mean hospital LOS was 28 +/- 27 days. At 30 days, the morbidity associated with the cholecystostomy tube itself was 4 per cent, but overall in-hospital morbidity and mortality rates were 62 and 50 per cent, respectively. Of the 25 patients who survived longer than 30 days, 12 retained their cholecystostomy tubes until they underwent cholecystectomy (four open, seven laparoscopic). All of the remaining 13 patients had their cholecystostomy tubes removed, and eight developed recurrent cholecystitis. Of these patients with recurrent of cholecystitis, five had cholecystectomy or repeat cholecystostomy, but the remaining three patients died. Although this is a small patient population, these data suggest that, in critically ill patients, cholecystostomy tubes should remain in place until the patient is deemed medically suitable to undergo cholecystectomy. Removal of the cholecystostomy tube without subsequent cholecystectomy is associated with a high incidence of recurrent cholecystitis and devastating consequences. PMID:20698375

  4. Acute cholecystitis is a common complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation and is associated with the use of total parenteral nutrition.

    PubMed

    Bagley, Stephen J; Sehgal, Alison R; Gill, Saar; Frey, Noelle V; Hexner, Elizabeth O; Loren, Alison W; Mangan, James K; Porter, David L; Stadtmauer, Edward A; Reshef, Ran; Luger, Selina M

    2015-04-01

    The incidence and risk factors for acute cholecystitis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are not well defined. Of 644 consecutive adult transplants performed at our institution between 2001 and 2011, acute cholecystitis occurred in the first year of transplant in 32 patients (5.0%). We conducted 2 retrospective case-control studies of this population to determine risk factors for cholecystitis after HSCT and to evaluate the performance of different methods of imaging to diagnosis cholecystitis in patients undergoing HSCT compared with non-HSCT patients. In the HSCT population, development of cholecystitis was associated with an increased 1-year overall mortality rate (62.5% versus 19.8%, P < .001). The risk of developing cholecystitis was higher in patients who received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) (adjusted odds ratio, 3.41; P = .009). There was a trend toward more equivocal abdominal ultrasound findings in HSCT recipients with acute cholecystitis compared with nontransplant patients (50.0% versus 30.6%, P = .06). However, hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scans were definitively positive for acute cholecystitis in most patients in both populations (80.0% of HSCT recipients versus 77.4% of control subjects, P = .82). In conclusion, acute cholecystitis is a common early complication of HSCT, the risk is increased in patients who receive TPN, and it is associated with high 1-year mortality. In HSCT recipients with findings suggestive of acute cholecystitis, especially those receiving TPN, early use of HIDA scan may be considered over ultrasound. PMID:25543093

  5. A symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst -A case report-

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Byung Hee; Kim, Jin Mo

    2012-01-01

    Lumbosacral perineural cysts are formed by the arachnoid membrane of the nerve root at the lumbosacral level. Most of these cysts are asymptomatic and are found incidentally during computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for other causes of chronic lower back pain. This type of cyst requires a differential diagnosis to distinguish it from other causes of radiating pain and neurological symptoms. In the present case, a symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst was found, and pain relief was achieved by non-surgical treatment. A lumbosacral perineural cyst was identified from a differential diagnosis of a lumbar disc disorder that presented as radiating pain and neurological symptoms. PMID:22679550

  6. A symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst -A case report-.

    PubMed

    Choi, Byung Hee; Kim, Sae Young; Kim, Jin Mo

    2012-05-01

    Lumbosacral perineural cysts are formed by the arachnoid membrane of the nerve root at the lumbosacral level. Most of these cysts are asymptomatic and are found incidentally during computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for other causes of chronic lower back pain. This type of cyst requires a differential diagnosis to distinguish it from other causes of radiating pain and neurological symptoms. In the present case, a symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst was found, and pain relief was achieved by non-surgical treatment. A lumbosacral perineural cyst was identified from a differential diagnosis of a lumbar disc disorder that presented as radiating pain and neurological symptoms. PMID:22679550

  7. Symptomatic sacral perineurial (Tarlov) cysts.

    PubMed

    Sajko, Tomislav; Kova?, Damir; Kudeli?, Nenad; Kovac, Lana

    2009-12-01

    Sacral perineurial (Tarlov) cysts are rare lesions. Over a seven year period 4000 patients underwent surgery for lumbar disk herniation. In three patients neurological symptoms were caused by large sacral perineurial cysts. Methods of choice for diagnosis of Tarlov cysts are lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography myelography. The majority of Tarlov cysts are asymptomatic. In case of large (> or = 1.5 cm) and symptomatic perineurial cyst, as in three patients reported in this article, microsurgical treatment was successful. Although rare, perineurial (Tarlov) cysts must be taken into consideration when approaching to patient with low back and radicular pain. Authors review the medical literature, pathological and pathophysiological features and treatment options of sacral perineurial cysts. PMID:20102100

  8. Retroperitoneal abscess and acute acalculous cholecystitis after iatrogenic colon injury: report of a case

    PubMed Central

    Dong, Chengwei; Wang, Yuxu; Hu, Sanyuan; Du, Futian; Ding, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Acute acalculous cholecystitis has a high mortality rate due to the difficulties in early diagnosis and high rate of complications like empyema, gangrene and perforation. We report a case of 20-year-old male with acute severe pancreatitis, acute renal failure and acute peripancreatic fluid collection who was transferred to our department after blood filtration treatment in ICU. After percutaneous catheter drainage for 20 hours, the patient got a high fever. Computed tomography revealed retroperitoneal colon injury. In this case, percutaneous catheter drainage was performed again and the pus cavity was flushed regularly, after which the patient’s state gradually improved. Unpredictably, septic shock appeared on the 51st day. Repeated computed tomography revealed acute acalculous cholecystitis and abscess formation. After percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder catheterization and drainage, the patient got better gradually. Three months later the retroperitoneal catheter was removed. Four months later, ultrasound examination showed normal gallbladder and the catheter was removed.

  9. A gallbladder torsion presenting as acute cholecystitis in an elderly woman: A case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Gallbladder torsion is a rare, but potentially lethal disease, in which early recognition is crucial. Case presentation We describe the case of an 89-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with clinical symptoms suggestive of acute cholecystitis to our hospital. Radiological imaging confirmed our clinical diagnosis. At first we considered percutaneous gallbladder drainage because of her age and comorbidity, but instead performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of rapid clinical deterioration. During laparoscopy a necrotic gallbladder due to torsion of the gallbladder around the cystic duct was found. Conclusion Because percutaneous drainage could lead to further deterioration in the case of gallbladder torsion, this rare condition should be considered before performing a percutaneous drainage of cholecystitis. PMID:22185300

  10. Cholescintigraphy in the Diagnosis of Acute Cholecystitis: Morphine Augmentation Is Superior to Delayed Imaging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chun K. Kim; Kevin K. M. Tse; Malik Juweid; P. David Mozley; Annemarie Woda; Abass Alavi

    nificant contraction of the sphincter of Oddi. This, in turn, causes an increase in the intraductal pressure and forces the bileflowfromthecommonbileductintothegallbladder lithe cystic duct is patent.For this reason, morphine-augments tion has been used as an alternativeto delayedimagingto shortenthe total imagingtime requiredto diagnose acute cholecystitis(3). The entirestudy can be terminatedin 90 mhi in contrast to the 4 hr or more with

  11. Microflora of bile aspirates in patients with acute cholecystitis with or without cholelithiasis: a tropical experience.

    PubMed

    Capoor, Malini R; Nair, Deepthi; Rajni; Khanna, Geetika; Krishna, S V; Chintamani, M S; Aggarwal, Pushpa

    2008-06-01

    The current study determined the spectrum of biliary microflora with special emphasis on enteric fever organisms in patients with acute cholangitis with and without cholelithiasis or other biliary diseases. The patients were divided into three groups: Group A consisted of patients with acute cholecystitis with cholelithiasis; Group B consisted of patients with acute cholecystitis with gastrointestinal ailments requiring biliary drainage and group C consisted of patients with gallbladder carcinoma. Gallbladder, bile and gallstones were subjected to complete microbiological and histopathological examination. Antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates was performed as per CLSI guidelines. Bacteria were recovered from 17 samples (32%) in Group A, 17 (51.4%) in Group B and 1 (1.6%) in Group C. The most common organisms isolated were Escherichia coli (11, 29.7%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (10, 27%), Citrobacter freundii (3, 8.1%), Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (3, 8.1%), etc. The majority of Enterobacteriaceae isolates were susceptible to piperacillin-tazobactam and meropenem. As regards Salmonella spp., S. Typhi was isolated from 2 (3.8%) patients in Group A and 1 (16%) in Group C. Antimicrobial susceptibility of potential causative organisms, the severity of the cholecystitis, and the local susceptibility pattern must be taken into consideration when prescribing drugs. A protocol regarding the management of such cases should be formulated based on observations of similar studies. PMID:18839486

  12. Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholecystoscopic Lithotomy in the Management of Acute Cholecystitis Caused by Gallbladder Stones

    PubMed Central

    1998-01-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic cholecystic drainage (PTCCD) with percutaneous transhepatic cholecystoscopic lithotomy (PTCCSL) were performed in 53 patients with acute cholecystitis caused by gallbladder stones and studied stone removal rates, complications, endoscopic findings, and stone recurrence. The stones were successfully removed in 96% of the patients, and there were no serious complications. The coexistence of cancer was confirmed in three patients, and all cases were accurately diagnosed on the basis of uitrasonographic, endoscopic, and biopsy findings. The mean duration of follow-up after stone removal was 42 months, and the stone recurrence rate was 2.5%. Among the 39 patients followed up for at least 1 year, the gallbladder could be preserved with no evidence of sludge in patients in whom drainage was performed early after the onset of symptoms, those with a normal gallbladder after PTCCSL, and those with normal gallbladder contractility after PTCCSL. Sludge was present in patients with evidence of extensive areas of yellowish white fibers on percutaneous transhepatic cholecystoscopy. If instituted early after the onset of symptoms, PTCCD combined with PTCCSL was considered useful in the treatment of patients with acute cholecystitis associated with gallbladder stones. PMID:18493476

  13. Operative Outcome and Patient Satisfaction in Early and Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Hokkam, Emad N.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is usually associated with reduced hospital stay, sick leave, and health care expenditures. Early diagnosis and treatment of acute cholecystitis reduce both mortality and morbidity and the accurate diagnosis requires specific diagnostic criteria of clinical data and imaging studies. Objectives. To compare early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy regarding the operative outcome and patient satisfaction. Patients and Methods. Patients with acute cholecystitis were divided into two groups, early (A) and delayed (B) cholecystectomy. Diagnosis of acute cholecystitis was confirmed by clinical examination, laboratory data, and ultrasound study. The primary end point was operative and postoperative outcome and the secondary was patient's satisfaction. Results. The number of readmissions in delayed treatment group B was three times in 10% of patients, twice in 23.3%, and once in 66.7% while the number of readmissions was once only in patients in group A and the mean total hospital stays were higher in group B than in group A. The overall patient's satisfaction was 92.66 ± 6.8 in group A compared with 75.34 ± 12.85 in group B. Conclusion. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy resulted in significant reduction in length of hospital stay and accepted rate of operative complications and conversion rates when compared with delayed techniques. PMID:25197568

  14. [Tarlov cyst and symptomatic bladder disfuction].

    PubMed

    Ruibal Moldes, M; Sánchez Rodríguez-Losada, J; López García, D; Casas Agudo, V; Janeiro País, J M; González Martín, M

    2008-01-01

    Tarlov cysts or perineural cyst are lesions of the nerve roots located at the sacral level and uncertain aetiology. Most of these cysts remain asymptomatic with no clinical relevance. The symptomatic cysts are uncommon and the usual symptoms are pain or radiculopathy. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman witha symptomatic cyst (with a history of frequency and urgency syndrom), that disappears after surgery. PMID:19143297

  15. Non-operative management of symptomatic cholelithiasis in pregnancy is associated with frequent hospitalizations.

    PubMed

    Jorge, April M; Keswani, Rajesh N; Veerappan, Anna; Soper, Nathaniel J; Gawron, Andrew J

    2015-04-01

    Symptomatic cholelithiasis (SC) is common in pregnancy. Guidelines recommend laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for SC in pregnancy. Our aim was to evaluate current practice patterns and outcomes for patients undergoing initial non-operative management for uncomplicated SC during pregnancy. We performed a retrospective analysis and telephone survey of all patients presenting in a 42-month period to a tertiary care center for uncomplicated SC during pregnancy. Women with complicated gallstone disease, including cholecystitis, pancreatitis, choledocholithiasis, and cholangitis were excluded. We identified 53 patients with uncomplicated SC during pregnancy. LC was performed in 4 (7.5%) antepartum and in 28 (51.7%) postpartum. The majority of LCs (21, 75%) were performed within 3 months postpartum. Of those with postpartum LC, 22 (78.6%) had recurrent postpartum symptoms prior to LC, and 14 (50%) had repeat hospitalizations prior to undergoing surgery. Given the safety of antepartum LC and the frequency of recurrent symptoms and hospitalizations, early surgical intervention during pregnancy may be the optimal strategy to reduce antepartum and early postpartum admissions for uncomplicated SC. PMID:25650166

  16. Chronic pancreatitis.

    PubMed

    Nair, Rajasree J; Lawler, Lanika; Miller, Mark R

    2007-12-01

    Chronic pancreatitis is the progressive and permanent destruction of the pancreas resulting in exocrine and endocrine insufficiency and, often, chronic disabling pain. The etiology is multifactorial. Alcoholism plays a significant role in adults, whereas genetic and structural defects predominate in children. The average age at diagnosis is 35 to 55 years. Morbidity and mortality are secondary to chronic pain and complications (e.g., diabetes, pancreatic cancer). Contrast-enhanced computed tomography is the radiographic test of choice for diagnosis, with ductal calcifications being pathognomonic. Newer modalities, such as endoscopic ultrasonography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, provide diagnostic results similar to those of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Management begins with lifestyle modifications (e.g., cessation of alcohol and tobacco use) and dietary changes followed by analgesics and pancreatic enzyme supplementation. Before proceeding with endoscopic or surgical interventions, physicians and patients should weigh the risks and benefits of each procedure. Therapeutic endoscopy is indicated for symptomatic or complicated pseudocyst, biliary obstruction, and decompression of pancreatic duct. Surgical procedures include decompression for large duct disease (pancreatic duct dilatation of 7 mm or more) and resection for small duct disease. Lateral pancreaticojejunostomy is the most commonly performed surgery in patients with large duct disease. Pancreatoduodenectomy is indicated for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis with pancreatic head enlargement. Patients with chronic pancreatitis are at increased risk of pancreatic neoplasm; regular surveillance is sometimes advocated, but formal guidelines and evidence of clinical benefit are lacking. PMID:18092710

  17. Double-blind comparison of liquid antacid and placebo in the treatment of symptomatic reflux esophagitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Y. Graham; David J. Patterson

    1983-01-01

    Although antacids have been the mainstay of pharmacologic therapy for reflux esophagitis, their effectiveness has not been tested in a placebo-controlled double-blind trial. We report a double-blind comparison of liquid antacid vs placebo in the treatment of reflux esophagitis in 32 patients with chronic heartburn. Entry criteria included the presence of symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux confirmed by both an acid perfusion

  18. Symptomatic internal hernias after laparoscopic bariatric surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Comeau; M. Gagner; W. B. Inabnet; D. M. Herron; T. M. Quinn; A. Pomp

    2005-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence and clinical characteristics of symptomatic internal hernias (IH) after laparoscopic bariatric procedures. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of cases of IH after 1,064 laparoscopic gastric bypasses (LGB) and biliopancreatic diversions with duodenal switch (LBPD-DS) performed from September 1998 to August 2002. Results: We documented 35 cases of IH

  19. Angioplasty for Symptomatic Intracranial Stenosis Clinical Outcome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael P. Marks; Joan C. Wojak; Firas Al-Ali; Mahesh Jayaraman; Mary L. Marcellus; John J. Connors; Huy M. Do

    2010-01-01

    Background and Purpose—Medical treatment of symptomatic intracranial stenosis carries a high risk of stroke. This study was done to evaluate the clinical and angiographic outcomes after intracranial angioplasty for this disease. Methods—A total of 120 patients with 124 intracranial stenoses were treated by primary angioplasty. All patients had neurologic symptoms (stroke or transient ischemic attack) attributable to intracranial stenoses 50%.

  20. Biomaterial properties of cholecyst-derived scaffold recovered by a non-detergent/enzymatic method.

    PubMed

    Anilkumar, Thapasimuthu V; Vineetha, Vadavanath P; Revi, Deepa; Muhamed, Jaseer; Rajan, Akhila

    2014-10-01

    Isolation procedures for the recovery of extracellular matrices (ECMs) from animal organs/tissues that are useful in regenerative medicine involve multiple sequential steps/stages including collection of the source organ at slaughter, their transportation to laboratory, decellularization, decontamination, stabilization, and sterilization. Most of these steps require extensive use of chemicals/reagents/enzymes which may also adversely affect the quality of the scaffold. With an effort to minimize the use of chemicals/reagents/enzymes, while extracting biomaterial-grade ECM from porcine cholecyst (gall bladder), we performed preisolation ex situ incubation of the organ in a stabilizing agent that also caused in situ crosslinking of tissue-components and delaminated the collagen-rich ECM from the tissue-layer beneath the mucosa. The physical, chemical, and biological properties of the isolated scaffolds were similar to that of a commercially available porcine small intestinal submucosa. The cholecyst-derived scaffold not only satisfied preclinical safety-test procedures such as cytotoxicity, local response, and endotoxin load but also showed the potential to promote healing of full-thickness skin wound in a rabbit model. The procedure was also suitable for isolating scaffolds from other hollow organs such as jejunum and urinary bladder. It was concluded that enzyme/detergent treatment may be an avoidable step while isolating biomaterial-grade scaffolds from hollow organs. PMID:24596163

  1. Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis Associated with Systemic Sepsis and Visceral Arterial Hypoperfusion: A Case Series and Review of Pathophysiology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John A. McChesney; Patrick G. Northup; Stephen J. Bickston

    2003-01-01

    Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is marked by a very high mortality rate but its relative rarity makes its features obscure to many physicians. This often contributes to a delayed diagnosis. In this study, we review one center's experience, examine the clinical features of the disorder, and describe the progression of pathological events that culminate in AAC. We performed a 10-year

  2. Acute acalculous cholecystitis complicating an imported case of mixed malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax.

    PubMed

    Khan, Fahmi Yousef; El-Hiday, Abdul Haleem

    2010-09-01

    A 40-year-old man was admitted with a 6-day history of fever and abdominal pain. His right upper quadrant was tender on palpation. A blood smear revealed trophozoite forms of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum. Abdominal ultrasound findings were consistent with acute acalculous cholecystitis. He was treated successfully with quinine and doxycycline and discharged in good clinical condition. PMID:19932042

  3. Leukocyte Count and Vascular Risk in Symptomatic Intracranial Atherosclerosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Ovbiagele; Michael J. Lynn; Jeffrey L. Saver; Marc I. Chimowitz

    2007-01-01

    Background: Few data exist about the prognostic value of serum white blood cell (WBC) count among patients with symptomatic cerebrovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between WBC count and vascular risk in patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease enrolled in the Warfarin-Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease(WASID) study. Methods: The relationships between baseline serum WBC count (categorized into quartiles) and both ischemic

  4. A case of symptomatic Rathke's cyst

    PubMed Central

    Naik, Vismay Dinesh; Thakore, Nilay Rajendra

    2013-01-01

    Rathke's cleft cyst is a benign growth found on the pituitary gland in the brain, specifically a fluid-filled cyst in the posterior portion of the anterior pituitary gland. It occurs when the Rathke's pouch does not develop properly, and ranges in size from 2 to 40?mm in diameter. Asymptomatic cysts are common, detected during autopsies of 2–26% of individuals who have died of unrelated causes. Symptomatic cysts are rare and only approximately 150 cases have been reported. Females are twice as likely as males to have a cyst. Symptomatic cysts can trigger visual disturbances, pituitary dysfunction and headaches. Here we present a case of a 40-year-old female patient who presented with complains of visual disturbances, headache and amenorrhoea. On investigations, MRI of brain revealed findings suggestive of Rathke's cleft cyst. PMID:23355555

  5. Contemporary management of symptomatic lumbar disc herniations.

    PubMed

    Jegede, Kolawole A; Ndu, Anthony; Grauer, Jonathan N

    2010-04-01

    Lumbar disc herniations are common clinical entities that may cause lumbar-related symptoms. The spectrum of treatment options is geared toward a patient's clinical presentation and ranges from nothing to surgical intervention. Many lumbar disc herniations cause no significant symptoms. In studies of asymptomatic individuals who have never experienced lumbar-related symptoms, 30% have been reported to have major abnormality on magnetic resonance imaging. The mainstay of treatment of patients with symptomatic disc herniations is accepted to be nonoperative (as long as there are no acute or progressive neurologic deficits); this includes medications, physical therapy, and potentially lumbar injection. For patients with symptomatic disc herniations who fail to respond appropriately to conservative measures, surgical intervention may be considered. For this population, lumbar discectomy is considered to be a good option. PMID:20399360

  6. Delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy after more than 6 weeks on easily controlled cholecystitis patients

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Jungnam

    2013-01-01

    Backgrounds/Aims There is debate on the timing of cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis. Although there is a recent trend toward early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (eLC), that is, within 72 hours of symptom onset, some surgeons still prefer delayed operations, or operations after several weeks, expecting subsidence of the inflammation and therefore a higher chance of avoiding open conversion and minimizing complications. Our experience of LC for 10 years was reviewed retrospectively for the timing of the operation and perioperative outcomes, focusing on evaluating the feasibility of delayed LC (dLC). Methods The severity of the acute cholecystitis was classified into three grades: easily responding to antibiotics and mostly symptom-free (mild, grade I), symptoms persisting during the treatment (moderate, grade II), and worsening into a septic state (severe, grade III). Results Among 353 cholecystectomy patients, grade I (N=224) patients had eLC in 152 cases and dLC in 72 cases. Grade II (N=117) patients had eLC in 103 cases and 12 had dLC. All grade III patients (N=12) underwent open cholecystectomy. In Grade I patients, when the operation was delayed, there were fewer open conversion cases compared to eLC patients (20.45% vs 7.69%) (p<0.05), and complications also were decreased (p>0.05). Grade II patients' rate of open conversions (58.3% vs 44.2%) and complications (25.0% vs 19.5%) increased when the operations were delayed compared with eLC patients (p<0.05). In grade I and II patients, the most common reason for open conversion was bleeding, and the most common complication was also bleeding. Conclusions For patients with cholecystits that easily responds to antibiotics (grade I), dLC showed a higher laparoscopic success rate than eLC at the expense of prolonged treatment time and examinations, With moderate to severe cholecystitis (grade II, III), however, there was no room for delayed operations.

  7. Symptomatic tarlov cyst following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage.

    PubMed

    Kong, Woo Keun; Cho, Keun-Tae; Hong, Seung-Koan

    2011-08-01

    Most of Tarlov or perineurial cysts remain asymptomatic throughout the patient's life. The pathogenesis is still unclear. Hemorrhage has been suggested as one of the possible causes and trauma with resultant hemorrhage into subarachnoid space has been suggested as an origin of these cysts. However, Tarlov cysts related to spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage has not been reported. The authors report a case of Tarlov cyst which was symptomatic following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. PMID:22053232

  8. Management of Symptomatic Sacral Perineural Cysts

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Jianqiang; Sun, Yongdong; Huang, Xin; Luan, Wenzhong

    2012-01-01

    Background There has been no consensus on the optimal treatment of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts. Most previous reports concerning the management methods were either sporadic case reports or a series of limited cases. This study is to further optimize the management for patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts by analyzing the outcomes of a cohort of patients who were treated with different strategies. Methods and Findings We reviewed the outcomes of 15 patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts who were managed by three different modalities from 1998 through 2010. Six patients underwent microsurgical cyst fenestration and cyst wall imbrication. Seven patients underwent a modified surgical procedure, during which the cerebrospinal fluid leak aperture was located and repaired. Two patients were treated with medication and physical therapy. Outcomes of the patients were assessed by following up (13 months to 10 years). All of the six patients treated with microsurgical cyst fenestration and cyst wall imbrication experienced complete or substantial relief of their preoperative symptoms. However, the symptoms of one patient reappeared eight months after the operation. Another patient experienced a postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Six of the seven patients treated with the modified surgical operation experienced complete or substantial resolution of their preoperative symptoms, with only one patient who experienced temporary worsening of his preoperative urine incontinence, which disappeared gradually one month later. No new postoperative neurological deficits, no cerebrospinal fluid leaks and no recurrence were observed in the seven patients. The symptoms of the two patients treated with conservative measures aggravated with time. Conclusions Microsurgical operation should be a treatment consideration in patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts. Furthermore, the surgical procedure with partial cyst removal and aperture repair for prevention of cerebrospinal fluid leakage seemed to be more simple and effective. PMID:22768183

  9. Symptomatic Tarlov Cyst Following Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    PubMed Central

    Kong, Woo Keun; Hong, Seung-Koan

    2011-01-01

    Most of Tarlov or perineurial cysts remain asymptomatic throughout the patient's life. The pathogenesis is still unclear. Hemorrhage has been suggested as one of the possible causes and trauma with resultant hemorrhage into subarachnoid space has been suggested as an origin of these cysts. However, Tarlov cysts related to spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage has not been reported. The authors report a case of Tarlov cyst which was symptomatic following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. PMID:22053232

  10. Structural Associations of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis

    PubMed Central

    Stoppiello, Laura A; Mapp, Paul I; Wilson, Deborah; Hill, Roger; Scammell, Brigitte E; Walsh, David A

    2014-01-01

    Objective Structural changes of osteoarthritis (OA) may occur in the absence of pain. In this study, we aimed to identify histopathologic features that are associated with symptomatic knee OA. Methods Medial tibial plateaus and synovium samples were obtained at the time of total knee replacement (TKR) surgery for OA (advanced OA group) or were obtained postmortem from subjects who had not sought medical attention for knee pain during the last year of life (non-OA control group). To identify features of OA, we compared the patients with advanced OA with the age-matched non-OA controls (n = 26 per group). To identify OA features associated with symptoms, we compared two additional groups of subjects who were matched for severity of chondropathy (n = 29 per group): patients undergoing TKR for symptomatic OA (symptomatic chondropathy group) and postmortem subjects with similar severity of chondropathy who were asymptomatic during the last year of life (asymptomatic chondropathy group). The histologic features of the samples were graded, and immunoreactivities for macrophages (CD68) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in the synovium were quantified. The cellular localization of synovial NGF was determined by double immunofluorescence analysis. Results Advanced OA cases displayed more severe changes in the synovium (synovitis, increased synovial NGF, and CD68-immunoreactive macrophages) and cartilage (loss of cartilage surface integrity, loss of proteoglycan, tidemark breaching, and alterations in chondrocyte morphology) than did the non-OA controls. Synovial NGF was localized predominantly to fibroblasts and to some macrophages. The symptomatic chondropathy group displayed greater levels of synovitis, synovial NGF, and loss of cartilage integrity, in addition to alterations in chondrocyte morphology, than did the asymptomatic chondropathy group (P < 0.05 for each comparison). Conclusion Synovitis, increased synovial NGF, alterations in chondrocyte morphology, and loss of cartilage integrity are features of knee OA that may be associated with symptoms. PMID:25049144

  11. Management of symptomatic renal angiomyolipomas by embolization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J. Rosen; Peter Schlossberg; Steven J. Roven; Murray Rothberg

    1984-01-01

    Renal angiomyolipomas are benign tumors which occur commonly in association with tuberous sclerosis or as isolated lesions.\\u000a Symptomatic angiomyolipomas, particularly those in patients with tuberous sclerosis, should be approached conservatively with\\u000a the goal of preserving as much normal renal tissue as possible. We report 2 patients in whom selective embolization was used\\u000a to achieve this goal.

  12. Prognostic factors in symptomatic Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giampaolo Merlini; Luca Baldini; Chiara Broglia; Mario Comelli; Maria Goldaniga; Giovanni Palladini; Giorgio Lambertenghi Deliliers; Paolo G. Gobbi

    2003-01-01

    We analyze the prognostic value of the presenting features of a series of patients with symptomatic Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia who were homogeneously treated. A total of 215 patients (119 males) with a median age of 62.6 years (range, 24.9 to 91.6) were retrospectively analyzed. The median overall follow-up was 57.6 months (range, 0.6 to 281): 58 (0.9 to 281) for living

  13. Global and gene-specific DNA methylation pattern discriminates cholecystitis from gallbladder cancer patients in Chile

    PubMed Central

    Kagohara, Luciane Tsukamoto; Schussel, Juliana L; Subbannayya, Tejaswini; Sahasrabuddhe, Nandini; Lebron, Cynthia; Brait, Mariana; Maldonado, Leonel; Valle, Blanca L; Pirini, Francesca; Jahuira, Martha; Lopez, Jaime; Letelier, Pablo; Brebi-Mieville, Priscilla; Ili, Carmen; Pandey, Akhilesh; Chatterjee, Aditi; Sidransky, David; Guerrero-Preston, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    Aim The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of global and gene-specific DNA methylation changes as potential biomarkers for gallbladder cancer (GBC) in a cohort from Chile. Material & methods DNA methylation was analyzed through an ELISA-based technique and quantitative methylation-specific PCR. Results Global DNA Methylation Index (p = 0.02) and promoter methylation of SSBP2 (p = 0.01) and ESR1 (p = 0.05) were significantly different in GBC when compared with cholecystitis. Receiver curve operator analysis revealed promoter methylation of APC, CDKN2A, ESR1, PGP9.5 and SSBP2, together with the Global DNA Methylation Index, had 71% sensitivity, 95% specificity, a 0.97 area under the curve and a positive predictive value of 90%. Conclusion Global and gene-specific DNA methylation may be useful biomarkers for GBC clinical assessment. PMID:25066711

  14. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acalculous cholecystitis in a neutropenic patient after chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    PubMed Central

    Ejduk, Anna; Wróblewski, Tadeusz; Szczepanik, Andrzej B.

    2014-01-01

    Acute acalculous cholecystitis (ACC) is most frequently reported in critically ill patients following sepsis, extensive injury or surgery. It is rather uncommon as a chemotherapy-induced complication, which is usually life-threatening in neutropenic patients subjected to myelosuppressive therapy. A 23-year-old patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia was subjected to myelosuppressive chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, pegaspargase). After the first chemotherapy cycle the patient was neutropenic and feverish; she presented with vomiting and pain in the right epigastrium. Ultrasound demonstrated an acalculous gallbladder with wall thickening up to 14 mm. The ACC was diagnosed. Medical therapy included a broad spectrum antibiotic regimen and granulocyte-colony stimulating factors. On the second day after ACC diagnosis the patient's general condition worsened. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. The resected gallbladder showed no signs of bacterial or leukemic infiltrates. The postoperative course was uneventful. In the management of neutropenic patients with ACC surgical treatment is as important as pharmacological therapy. PMID:25337176

  15. Is early laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis preferable to delayed surgery?: Best evidence topic (BET).

    PubMed

    Skouras, Christos; Jarral, Omar; Deshpande, Rahul; Zografos, George; Habib, Nagy; Zacharakis, Emmanouil

    2012-01-01

    A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) in patients presenting with a short history of acute cholecystitis provides better post-operative outcomes than a delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DLC). A total of 92 papers were found using the reported searches of which 10 represented the best evidence; 3 meta-analyses, 4 randomized control trials, 1 prospective controlled study and 2 retrospective cohort studies were included. The authors, date, journal, study type, population, main outcome measures and results were tabulated. No significant difference in complication or conversion rates were shown between the ELC and the DLC group, in the meta-analyses of Gurusamy et al, Lau et al and Siddiqui et al. The ELC group had a decreased hospital stay whereas the DLC group presented a considerable risk for subsequent emergency surgery during the interval period, with a high rate of conversion to open cholecystectomy. All three meta-analyses were based on the randomized control trials of Lo et al, Lai et al, Kolla et al and Johansson et al; the results of each study are summarized. We conclude that there is strong evidence that early laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis offers an advantage in the length of hospital stay without increasing the morbidity or mortality. The operating time in ELC can be longer, however the incidence of serious complications (i.e. common bile duct injury), is comparable to the DLC group. Larger randomized studies are required before solid conclusions are reached. PMID:22525382

  16. Acute cholecystitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... that forms in the wall of the gallbladder) Pancreatitis (inflamed pancreas) Persistent bile duct blockage Inflammation of ... draining the liver (may occur after gallbladder surgery) Pancreatitis Perforation Peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the ...

  17. Clinical Experience of Symptomatic Sacral Perineural Cyst

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Ki Tae; Lee, Hyun Young

    2012-01-01

    Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion and are usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon but sometimes require surgical treatment. A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the buttock. He was diagnosed as having a sacral cyst with magnetic resonance imaging. For the nonoperative diagnosis and treatment, caudal peridurography and block were performed. After the treatment, the patient's symptom was relieved. We suggest a caudal peridural block is effective in relieving pain from a sacral cyst. PMID:22787551

  18. Clinical experience of symptomatic sacral perineural cyst.

    PubMed

    Jung, Ki Tae; Lee, Hyun Young; Lim, Kyung Joon

    2012-07-01

    Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion and are usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon but sometimes require surgical treatment. A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the buttock. He was diagnosed as having a sacral cyst with magnetic resonance imaging. For the nonoperative diagnosis and treatment, caudal peridurography and block were performed. After the treatment, the patient's symptom was relieved. We suggest a caudal peridural block is effective in relieving pain from a sacral cyst. PMID:22787551

  19. Gallbladder perforation and massive intra-abdominal haemorrhage complicating acute cholecystitis in a patient with haemophilia A.

    PubMed

    Mechera, Robert; Graf, Lukas; Oertli, Daniel; Viehl, Carsten T

    2015-01-01

    We present an unusual case of a 32-year-old man with haemophilia A, who sustained massive, haemodynamically significant intra-abdominal bleeding from a perforated gallbladder wall and from the greater omentum as a complication of acute ulcerophlegmonous and haemorrhagic cholecystitis. Recombinant coagulation factor VIII was given and an emergency laparotomy was performed, with open cholecystectomy and haemostasis. Coagulation factor VIII was given for a further 2?weeks postoperatively, and the patient was discharged in good condition. In most published cases of haemorrhagic cholecystitis, the haemoperitoneum arises via transhepatic perforation; in this case, there was a free rupture into the peritoneal cavity. Patients with coagulopathies may have severe haemorrhagic complications and therefore need interdisciplinary management before, during and after surgery. Replacement therapy with factor concentrates should be initiated at once, and early surgery for gallbladder disease should be considered. PMID:25935908

  20. Symptomatic Therapy and Rehabilitation in Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Fary; Amatya, Bhasker; Turner-Stokes, Lynne

    2011-01-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system and a major cause of chronic neurological disability in young adults. Primary progressive MS (PPMS) constitutes about 10% of cases, and is characterized by a steady decline in function with no acute attacks. The rate of deterioration from disease onset is more rapid than relapsing remitting and secondary progressive MS types. Multiple system involvement at onset and rapid early progression have a worse prognosis. PPMS can cause significant disability and impact on quality of life. Recent studies are biased in favour of relapsing remitting patients as treatment is now available for them and they are more likely to be seen at MS clinics. Since prognosis for PPMS is worse than other types of MS, the focus of rehabilitation is on managing disability and enhancing participation, and application of a “neuropalliative” approach as the disease progresses. This chapter presents the symptomatic treatment and rehabilitation for persons with MS, including PPMS. A multidisciplinary approach optimizes the intermediate and long-term medical, psychological and social outcomes in this population. Restoration and maintenance of functional independence and societal reintegration, and issues relating to quality of life are addressed in rehabilitation processes. PMID:22013521

  1. Self-limiting symptomatic peri-ictal bradyarryhthmia due to junctional AV rhythm

    PubMed Central

    Babarao, Hanmantrao Darku; Madhu, Nagappa; Sinha, Sanjib; Prasad, Chandrajit; Somasekhar, Nagaraju; Ahmad, Naveed; Bindu, Parayil Sankaran; Taly, Arun B

    2013-01-01

    We report an elderly man with chronic uncontrolled localization-related epilepsy on three AEDs, who developed in-hospital symptomatic bradyarrythmia due to junctional atrio-ventricular (AV) rhythm after an episode of generalized seizure during his hospital stay. On further evaluation, the cardiac enzymes were normal and 2D-echocardiogram showed mild left ventricular hypertrophy. Patient recovered from the same with supportive treatment within few hours. We emphasize on importance of prompt recognition of this event and its implication including one of the mechanism for sudden unexplained death in epilepsy. PMID:24174771

  2. Self-limiting symptomatic peri-ictal bradyarryhthmia due to junctional AV rhythm.

    PubMed

    Babarao, Hanmantrao Darku; Madhu, Nagappa; Sinha, Sanjib; Prasad, Chandrajit; Somasekhar, Nagaraju; Ahmad, Naveed; Bindu, Parayil Sankaran; Taly, Arun B

    2013-08-01

    We report an elderly man with chronic uncontrolled localization-related epilepsy on three AEDs, who developed in-hospital symptomatic bradyarrythmia due to junctional atrio-ventricular (AV) rhythm after an episode of generalized seizure during his hospital stay. On further evaluation, the cardiac enzymes were normal and 2D-echocardiogram showed mild left ventricular hypertrophy. Patient recovered from the same with supportive treatment within few hours. We emphasize on importance of prompt recognition of this event and its implication including one of the mechanism for sudden unexplained death in epilepsy. PMID:24174771

  3. [Cannabinoids for symptomatic therapy of multiple sclerosis].

    PubMed

    Husseini, L; Leussink, V I; Warnke, C; Hartung, H-P; Kieseier, B C

    2012-06-01

    Spasticity represents a common troublesome symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Treatment of spasticity remains difficult, which has prompted some patients to self-medicate with and perceive benefits from cannabis. Advances in the understanding of cannabinoid biology support these anecdotal observations. Various clinical reports as well as randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies have now demonstrated clinical efficacy of cannabinoids for the treatment of spasticity in MS patients. Sativex is a 1:1 mix of delta-9-tetrahydocannabinol and cannabidiol extracted from cloned Cannabis sativa chemovars, which recently received a label for treating MS-related spasticity in Germany. The present article reviews the current understanding of cannabinoid biology and the value of cannabinoids as a symptomatic treatment option in MS. PMID:22080198

  4. Acromegaly associated with a symptomatic Rathke's cyst

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Vishal; Grossman, Ashley; Kapadia, Aneesa; Thorat, Kiran

    2011-01-01

    Our aim is to describe a case of acromegaly that was associated with symptomatic Rathke's cyst. We describe a young male student without any significant family history who presented with clinical and biochemical features consistent with growth hormone excess, which was confirmed with dynamic testing. He also described a persistent headache predating symptoms of growth hormone excess by 4 years. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pituitary showed a large sellar mass which was thought to be a somatotroph adenoma. Trans-sphenoidal surgery was performed; however, a colloid lesion was identified by the neurosurgeon that proved to be a Rathke's cyst. The association of acromegaly with Rathke's cyst is very rare, with less than 10 cases found to be reported on review of literature. This is the first report from India. PMID:21731878

  5. Radiological study of symptomatic Rathke's cleft cysts.

    PubMed

    Oka, H; Kawano, N; Suwa, T; Yada, K; Kan, S; Kameya, T

    1994-10-01

    We investigated the relationship between radiological findings and the nature of the cyst fluid and histological findings of six Rathke's cleft cysts. The results show that the majority (five of six cases) of symptomatic Rathke's cleft cysts exhibit no enlargement of the sella turcica on plain x-rays, which may be helpful in differentiating cystic pituitary adenoma in the radiological diagnostic process. Three cases with large cysts showing high-intensity T1-weighted magnetic resonance images harbored abundances of cholesterol crystal and hemosiderin pigment in the cyst walls. The high signal intensity in magnetic resonance images of Rathke's cleft cysts may be explained by hemorrhage and a deposition of cholesterol crystal and may be considered in certain cases of Rathke's cleft cyst, especially when they are large. PMID:7808605

  6. The role of cumulative physical work load in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis – a case-control study in Germany

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Seidler; Ulrich Bolm-Audorff; Nasreddin Abolmaali; Gine Elsner

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To examine the dose-response relationship between cumulative exposure to kneeling and squatting as well as to lifting and carrying of loads and symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) in a population-based case-control study. METHODS: In five orthopedic clinics and five practices we recruited 295 male patients aged 25 to 70 with radiographically confirmed knee osteoarthritis associated with chronic complaints. A total

  7. Sensitivity of hepatobiliary imaging and real-time ultrasonography in the detection of acute cholecystitis

    SciTech Connect

    Fink-Bennett, D.; Freitas, J.E.; Ripley, S.D.; Bree, R.L.

    1985-08-01

    To determine the sensitivity of hepatobiliary imaging (HBI) and strict- and liberal-criteria real-time ultrasonography (RTUS), the authors retrospectively analyzed 100 cases of pathologically proved acute cholecystitis (AC). A positive HBI was one in which there was nonvisualization of the gallbladder up to four hours after the administration of technetium 99m-disofenin. In the absence of hypoalbuminemia, cirrhosis, or ascites, pathognomonic RTUS findings (strict criteria) for AC were wall edema and/or pericholecystic fluid. Findings indicative of AC (liberal criteria) included the demonstration of stones, a thick gallbladder wall, nonshadowing echoes, or the ultrasonographic Murphy's sign. Of the 100 cases of AC, 91 were calculous, and nine were acalculous. Four of 100 patients had associated choledocholithiasis. The sensitivities in detecting calculous AC were as follows: HBI, 97%; liberal-criteria RTUS, 86%; and strict-criteria RTUS, 24%. The sensitivities in detecting acalculous AC were as follows: HBI, 100%; liberal-criteria RTUS, 89%; and strict-criteria RTUS, 44%.

  8. [A case of ascending colon signet-ring cell careinoma discovered after treatment for acute cholecystitis].

    PubMed

    Machida, Tomohiko; Tanaka, Junichi; Terashima, Takeshi

    2014-11-01

    A 81-year-old woman confined to full bed rest due to the effects of a stroke 7 years prior, was brought to our hospital with acute cholecystitis in late April 2013. After PTGBD, her condition improved and she was discharged in early June. However, she was urgently hospitalized at the beginning of August with melena and a fever. A detailed examination revealed aspiration pneumonia, which was resolved with a course of antibiotics. A colonoscopy, conducted to find the cause of the melena, revealed a circumferential type 2 tumor in the ascending colon, and a fiberscope was unable to pass through the stenosis. A biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of signet-ring cell carcinoma. Using abdominal computed tomography, thickening of the ascending colon wall, suggesting infiltration to the periphery, was visible. The adjacent lymph nodes were enlarged, but there were no clear signs of liver metastasis. Cancerous peritonitis was suspected due to the presence of ascitic fluid. Considering the overall condition of the patient, surgery was not performed, and colonic stent was not placed due to the proximity of the stenosis to the ileocecal valve. The patient's family chose best supportive care. The patient's condition worsened and she died 3 months after leaving the hospital. PMID:25731295

  9. Biocompatibility and Immunophenotypic Characterization of a Porcine Cholecyst-derived Scaffold Implanted in Rats.

    PubMed

    Muhamed, Jaseer; Revi, Deepa; Rajan, Akhila; Geetha, Surendran; Anilkumar, Thapasimuthu V

    2015-06-01

    Comparative histomorphological assessment of local response to implanted reference biomaterial, also called biocompatibility testing/evaluation, in an appropriate animal model is a widely practiced safety evaluation procedure performed on biomaterials before clinical use. Standardized protocols and procedures, originally designed for testing synthetic materials, available for the testing/evaluation do not account for the immunogenic potential of a candidate biomaterial. Therefore, it is appropriate to supplement the routine biocompatibility test reports with adjunct data that may provide insight into the immunogenic potential of candidate biomaterials, especially when testing biomaterials that are derived from mammalian sources. This article presents expanded safety evaluation data of a porcine cholecyst-derived scaffold (CDS) intended as a xenogeneic graft. The biocompatibility was tested in rat subcutaneous model in comparison with a reference material and the CDS was found biocompatible. However, when studied by immunohistochemistry and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for the number and/or polarization of M1 macrophage, M2 macrophage, cytotoxic T-cell, helper T cell, TH1 cell, and TH2 cell, the CDS appeared to induce a differential local immunopathological tissue reaction despite the similarity in biocompatibility with the reference material. The adjunct data collected were useful for objectively assessing the safety of CDS as a xenograft. PMID:25318959

  10. Selective arterial embolization in the management of symptomatic renal angiomyolipomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dimitrios Mourikis; Achilles Chatziioannou; Aristidis Antoniou; Dimitrios Kehagias; Dimitrios Gikas; Lambros Vlahos

    1999-01-01

    Current management of renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) include observation, transcatheter embolization and partial or total nephrectomy. Patients symptoms and size of the lesion are the determinants for the choice of the treatment. In general symptomatic or greater than 8 cm masses require intervention. A retrospective study of five patients presented with symptomatic lesions and treated with selective transcatheter embolization, over a

  11. Temporal Dynamics of Host Molecular Responses Differentiate Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Influenza

    E-print Network

    Dobigeon, Nicolas

    Temporal Dynamics of Host Molecular Responses Differentiate Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Influenza to influenza viruses is necessary, but not sufficient, for healthy human hosts to develop symptomatic illness responses that differentiate symptomatic and asymptomatic Influenza A infection, we inoculated 17 healthy

  12. Outcome of symptomatic upper lumbar disc herniation.

    PubMed

    Awwal, M A; Ahsan, M K; Sakeb, N

    2014-10-01

    "Upper" lumbar disc herniations (LDH) are different from the "lower" and possess increased chance of neural compromise and cauda equina syndrome that necessitates operative management despite of contradictory surgical outcome. We underwent the study to assess the clinical and functional outcome of symptomatic upper LDH surgery from July 2003 to June 2012 in BSMMU, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The records of 123 patients (age range, 30-69 years), 56 men and 67 women (mean 52 years) having upper lumbar discectomy were reviewed. The surgical time, intra-operative blood loss, self evaluated back pain and thigh and/or groin pain status [using Visual Analogue Score (VAS)] and the disability status [using Oswestry disability (ODI) questionnaire] was analyzed. Radiological stability (using Posner's criteria), functional outcome [using Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) Score] and overall outcome (using MacNab`s criteria), was calculated. Chi-squared test and z-test using SPSS revealed mean operative time and mean blood loss had no significant (p>0.05) difference. Pain, sensory, motor and reflex status as well as VAS, ODI and all the components of JOA questionnaire had significant (p<0.05) improvement. In spite of intra-operative complications in 20.32% cases, overall satisfactory outcome was achieved in 83.74% cases. The postoperative complications (08.13%) could be managed conservatively. However, carefully decided surgical alternatives resulted in satisfactory clinical and functional outcome in upper LDH surgery. PMID:25481595

  13. Pediatric Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Acute Symptomatic Seizures and Epilepsy

    PubMed Central

    Beslow, Lauren A; Abend, Nicholas S; Gindville, Melissa C; Bastian, Rachel A; Licht, Daniel J; Smith, Sabrina E; Hillis, Argye E.; Ichord, Rebecca N; Jordan, Lori C

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To define the incidence of and explore risk factors for seizures and epilepsy in children with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Three tertiary care pediatric hospitals. Participants Seventy-three pediatric subjects with spontaneous ICH including 20 perinatal (?37 weeks gestation to 28 days) and 53 childhood subjects (>28 days to <18 years at presentation). Main outcome measures Acute symptomatic seizures (clinically evident and electrographic-only within 7 days), remote symptomatic seizures, and epilepsy. Results Acute symptomatic seizures occurred in 35 subjects (48%). Acute symptomatic seizures as a presenting symptom of ICH occurred in 12 (60%) perinatal and 19 (36%) childhood subjects, P=.07. Acute symptomatic seizures after presentation occurred in 7 children. Electrographic-only seizures were present in 9/32 (28%) with continuous EEG monitoring. One-and two-year remote symptomatic seizure-free survival were 82% (95% CI 68%–90%) and 67% (95% CI 46%–82%), respectively. One- and two-year epilepsy-free survival were 96% (95% CI 83%–99%) and 87% (95% CI 65%–95%), respectively. Elevated intracranial pressure requiring acute intervention was a risk factor for acute seizures after presentation, remote symptomatic seizures, and epilepsy (P=.014, P=.025 and P=.0365, respectively log-rank test). Conclusions Presenting seizures are common in perinatal and childhood ICH. Continuous EEG may detect electrographic seizures in some subjects. Single remote symptomatic seizures occur in many, and development of epilepsy is estimated to occur in 13% at two-years. Elevated intracranial pressure requiring acute intervention is a risk factor for acute seizures after presentation, remote symptomatic seizures, and epilepsy. PMID:23392319

  14. Patient characteristics but not virulence factors discriminate between asymptomatic and symptomatic E. coli bacteriuria in the hospital

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Escherichia coli is a common cause of asymptomatic and symptomatic bacteriuria in hospitalized patients. Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is frequently treated with antibiotics without a clear indication. Our goal was to determine patient and pathogen factors suggestive of ASB. Methods We conducted a 12-month prospective cohort study of adult inpatients with E. coli bacteriuria seen at a tertiary care hospital in St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Urine cultures were taken at the discretion of treating physicians. Bacterial isolates were tested for 14 putative virulence genes using high-throughput dot-blot hybridization. Results The median age of the 287 study patients was 65 (19–101) years; 78% were female. Seventy percent had community-acquired bacteriuria. One-hundred ten (38.3%) patients had ASB and 177 (61.7%) had symptomatic urinary tract infection (sUTI). Asymptomatic patients were more likely than symptomatic patients to have congestive heart failure (p?=?0.03), a history of myocardial infarction (p?=?0.01), chronic pulmonary disease (p?=?0.045), peripheral vascular disease (p?=?0.04), and dementia (p?=?0.03). Patients with sUTI were more likely to be neutropenic at the time of bacteriuria (p?=?0.046). Chronic pulmonary disease [OR 2.1 (95% CI 1.04, 4.1)] and dementia [OR 2.4 (95% CI 1.02, 5.8)] were independent predictors for asymptomatic bacteriuria. Absence of pyuria was not predictive of ASB. None of the individual virulence genes tested were associated with ASB nor was the total number of genes. Conclusions Asymptomatic E. coli bacteriuria in hospitalized patients was frequent and more common in patients with dementia and chronic pulmonary disease. Bacterial virulence factors could not discriminate symptomatic from asymptomatic bacteriurias. Asymptomatic E. coli bacteriuria cannot be predicted by virulence screening. PMID:23663267

  15. Symptomatic Recovery in Miller Fisher Syndrome Parallels Vestibular-Perceptual and not Vestibular-Ocular Reflex Function.

    PubMed

    Seemungal, Barry M; Masaoutis, Panos; Green, David A; Plant, Gordon T; Bronstein, Adolfo M

    2011-01-01

    Unpleasant visual symptoms including oscillopsia and dizziness may occur when there is unexpected motion of the visual world across the subject's retina ("retinal slip") as in an acute spontaneous nystagmus or on head movement with an acute ophthalmoplegia. In contrast, subjects with chronic ocular dysmotility, e.g., congenital nystagmus or chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia, are typically symptom free. The adaptive processes that render chronic patients asymptomatic are obscure but may include a suppression of oscillopsia perception as well as an increased tolerance to perceived oscillopsia. Such chronic asymptomatic patients display an attenuation of vestibular-mediated angular velocity perception, implying a possible contributory role in the adaptive process. In order to assess causality between symptoms, signs (i.e., eye movements), and vestibular-perceptual function, we prospectively assessed symptom ratings and ocular-motor and perceptual vestibular function, in a patient with acute but transient ophthalmoplegia due to Miller Fisher Syndrome (as a model of visuo-vestibular adaptation). The data show that perceptual measures of vestibular function display a significant attenuation as compared to ocular-motor measures during the acute, symptomatic period. Perhaps significantly, both symptomatic recovery and normalization of vestibular-perceptual function were delayed and then occurred in a parallel fashion. This is the first report showing that symptomatic recovery of visuo-vestibular symptoms is better paralleled by vestibular-perceptual testing than vestibular-ocular reflex (VOR) measures. The findings may have implications for the understanding of patients with chronic vestibular symptoms where VOR testing is often unhelpful. PMID:21350734

  16. Percutaneous Fibrin Gel Injection under C-Arm Fluoroscopy Guidance: A New Minimally Invasive Choice for Symptomatic Sacral Perineural Cysts

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Wei; Qiu, QuanHe; Hao, Jie; Zhang, XiaoJun; Shui, Wei; Hu, ZhenMing

    2015-01-01

    Background Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are a common cause of chronic pain. Surgery is one choice for symptom relief but has a high risk of cyst recurrence and complications. As a simple and safe method to manage symptomatic sacral perineural cysts, C-arm fluoroscopy-guided fibrin gel injection may represent a new minimally invasive alternative. To evaluate the efficacy of this new method, we conducted a retrospective study of 42 patients. Methods and Findings From June 2009 to August 2012, a total of 42 patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts underwent C-arm fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous fibrin gel injection therapy. Patient outcomes in terms of improvements in pain and neurologic function were evaluated during a follow-up period of 13–39 months. The preoperative and postoperative pain severity were assessed according to a 10-cm visual analog pain scale, and imaging changes were evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging. We also assessed postoperative complications. Most patients experienced benefit from the procedure: twenty-five patients (59.5%) reported excellent recovery, eleven (26.2%) reported good recovery, three (7.1%) reported fair recovery, and three (7.1%) reported poor recovery. The overall effectiveness rate (excellent and good recoveries) was 85.7%. No serious postoperative complications were observed. Conclusion Percutaneous fibrin gel injection under C-arm fluoroscopy guidance could be a simple, safe and effective treatment option for symptomatic sacral perineural cysts. PMID:25706639

  17. Surgical Management of Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David P. Jenkins

    \\u000a The treatment of choice for symptomatic chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is pulmonary endarterectomy\\u000a (Annals of Thoracic Surgery 76:1457-1462, 2003). This is the only proven treatment to offer significant symptomatic and prognostic\\u000a benefit. The operation, as performed today, was developed by Jamieson at the University of California in San Diego (UCSD),\\u000a and this unit is the world leader having now

  18. Symptomatic Pericardial Effusion After Chemoradiation Therapy in Esophageal Cancer Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Fukada, Junichi, E-mail: fukada@rad.med.keio.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Shigematsu, Naoyuki [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Takeuchi, Hiroya [Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Ohashi, Toshio [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Saikawa, Yoshiro [Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Takaishi, Hiromasa [Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Hanada, Takashi; Shiraishi, Yutaka [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Kitagawa, Yuko [Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Fukuda, Keiichi [Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan)

    2013-11-01

    Purpose: We investigated clinical and treatment-related factors as predictors of symptomatic pericardial effusion in esophageal cancer patients after concurrent chemoradiation therapy. Methods and Materials: We reviewed 214 consecutive primary esophageal cancer patients treated with concurrent chemoradiation therapy between 2001 and 2010 in our institute. Pericardial effusion was detected on follow-up computed tomography. Symptomatic effusion was defined as effusion ?grade 3 according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0 criteria. Percent volume irradiated with 5 to 65 Gy (V5-V65) and mean dose to the pericardium were evaluated employing dose-volume histograms. To evaluate dosimetry for patients treated with two-dimensional planning in the earlier period (2001-2005), computed tomography data at diagnosis were transferred to a treatment planning system to reconstruct three-dimensional plans without modification. Optimal dosimetric thresholds for symptomatic pericardial effusion were calculated by receiver operating characteristic curves. Associating clinical and treatment-related risk factors for symptomatic pericardial effusion were detected by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: The median follow-up was 29 (range, 6-121) months for eligible 167 patients. Symptomatic pericardial effusion was observed in 14 (8.4%) patients. Dosimetric analyses revealed average values of V30 to V45 for the pericardium and mean pericardial doses were significantly higher in patients with symptomatic pericardial effusion than in those with asymptomatic pericardial effusion (P<.05). Pericardial V5 to V55 and mean pericardial doses were significantly higher in patients with symptomatic pericardial effusion than in those without pericardial effusion (P<.001). Mean pericardial doses of 36.5 Gy and V45 of 58% were selected as optimal cutoff values for predicting symptomatic pericardial effusion. Multivariate analysis identified mean pericardial dose as the strongest risk factor for symptomatic pericardial effusion. Conclusions: Dose-volume thresholds for the pericardium facilitate predicting symptomatic pericardial effusion. Mean pericardial dose was selected based not only on the optimal dose-volume threshold but also on the most significant risk factor for symptomatic pericardial effusion.

  19. Symptomatic Rathke's Cleft Cysts: A Radiological, Surgical and Pathological Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Domenico Billeci; Elisabetta Marton; Massimo Tripodi; Enrico Orvieto; Pierluigi Longatti

    2004-01-01

    Rathke's cleft cyst is a non neoplastic lesion remnant of the Rathke's poutch. Symptomatic cysts must be surgically treated.\\u000a There are no specific neuroradiological features for this lesion. We present a series of 14 symptomatic Rathke's cleft cysts\\u000a treated with transphenoidal endoscopic technique, and we correlate the MRI intensity images with the intraoperative findings,\\u000a the pathological analysis, the growth pattern

  20. Management of Chronic Urticaria

    PubMed Central

    Grahame, Ann

    1987-01-01

    Effective treatment of chronic urticaria depends on identification of the etiologic factor, if possible, and its subsequent elimination, although symptoms may be suppressed by appropriate medication. The investigation of the patient who presents with chronic urticaria is discussed, with emphasis on the need for a detailed history, meticulous physical examination (including a search for occult infection) and full routine hematologic, biochemical and radiologic monitoring. The author discusses the use of intradermal skin tests, scratch tests for inhalants and the need for skin biopsy and gastro-intestinal tract screening. Dietary treatments reviewed include the elimination diet and the elemental diet, which is used in combination with gradual re-introduction of foods. Symptomatic treatments, including antihistamines, the newer H1-histamine receptor antagonists, used with tricyclic antidepressants and with combination therapy, and systemic corticosteroid therapy are also discussed. PMID:21263827

  1. [Determination of trace elements in Mongolian medicine Susi-12 curing cholecystitis and gallstone disease by ICP-AES].

    PubMed

    E, Er-Deng-sang; Hang, Gai-ba-te-re; Ba, Tu; Duan, Yi-wen

    2009-04-01

    Trace elements in Mongolian medicine Susi-12 for cholecystitis and gallstones were analyzed in order to discuss the relation between Susi-12's drug action and the trace elements. The analysis was carried out using the pressure seal microwave digestion and inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). It was found that the medicine contained great amount of trace elements, especially human-body-needed trace elements, such as Ca, Al, Mg, Fe, Sr, Mn, Zn, Cu etc., whereas heavy metals are very little, e.g. the contents of Pb, Cb, As etc are below the country's limit. The recoveries of standard addition are in the range of 94.63%-106.40%. The relative standard deviation RSD< or =3.35%, and detection limit is < or =0.009 mg x L(-1). It is concluded that Mongolian medicine Susi-12 can effectively control and cure cholecystitis and gallstones, and the effective rate reaches 91.2% to 100%. So the trace elements in Susi-12 must have a close connection with the drug action. PMID:19626913

  2. Symptomatic Infundibulopelvic Dysgenesis in an Adolescent

    PubMed Central

    Chalmers, David; Jumper, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Infundibulopelvic dysgenesis is a rare condition characterized by congenital malformation of the pelvicalyceal system. We present the case of an 18-year-old boy with chronic intermittent right flank pain and cystic dilation with parenchymal thinning on ultrasonography. The left kidney was normal. The patient denied dysuria, constipation, and history of UTIs or renal calculi. Cystoscopy with retrograde pyelogram showed marked stenosis of the right pelvicalyceal system and anatomy unfavorable to stenting. The patient's symptoms were unresponsive to conservative management. Reconstruction of the right collecting system was unsuccessful and a simple nephrectomy was performed, which led to complete resolution of his symptoms. PMID:25949844

  3. Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) in the pediatric population associated with Epstein–Barr Virus (EBV) infection. Case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Alkhoury, Fuad; Diaz, Diego; Hidalgo, Jesus

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous herpes virus that persists lifelong in normal humans by colonizing memory B cells. Infection during childhood is usually asymptomatic. Isolated gallbladder wall thickening or hydrops have been reported in patients with EBV infectious mononucleosis. However, acute acalculous cholecystitis is an atypical clinical presentation of primary EBV infection. We present a teenager with acute cholecystitis associated with EBV acute infection. Acute acalculous cholecystitis accounts for 2–15% of all cases of acute cholecystitis. Few cases of acute cholecystitis have been reported during the course of primary EBV infection. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 15-year-old female who came to the JDCH ER complaining of 3 days history of mild diffuse abdominal pain associated with two episodes of emesis. She also reports headache as well as a mild cough and low grade subjective fever. Blood test results showed mild leukocytosis with significant elevation in the lymphocytes (59%), High alkaline phosphatase (221 U/I), AST (191 U/I), ALT(221 U/I) and bilirubin (Total 1.8 and direct 1.5). Abdominal US showed a contracted gallbladder with wall thickness and pericholecystic fluid. During hospital stay number 2–3 laboratory work up show a trending up in the bilirubin levels. MRCP was ordered and no abdnormalities were found. At this point Hospital stay number 3 EBV acute infection was suspected. Serum serological studies were subsequently diagnostic for this viral disease. Management was conservative and the patient was discharged asymptomatic on hospital day number six. PMID:25932972

  4. Dealing with symptomatic stenosis of the subclavian artery: Open or endovascular approach? A case report?

    PubMed Central

    Mufty, Hozan; Janssen, Alfred; Schepers, Stijn

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Stenosis of the subclavian artery is uncommon and it rarely causes symptoms. Only symptomatic patients should be treated. PRESENTATION OF CASE We report a case of chronic left upper limb ischemia caused by subclavian artery stenosis after repetitive clavicular fixation. The stenosis was first treated with carotid-subclavian bypass and soon followed by angioplasty and stenting of the subclavian artery because of occlusion of the bypass. Finally, failure of these procedures necessitated a subclavian-axillary crossover bypass. DISCUSSION Both extra-anatomic bypass and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty are safe and effective. If feasible, many authors use endovascular treatment. According to literature, extra-anatomic bypass still remains the first choice of treatment for symptomatic patients. However, the introduction of routine stent implantation is equalling these results. Because of its lower long-term patency rate, endovascular treatment is favorable for patients at high risk. CONCLUSION Our case is a good example of difficulties involved in choosing the best treatment option for subclavian artery stenosis. PMID:24973522

  5. How frequent is chronic lumbar arachnoiditis following intrathecal Myodil?

    PubMed

    Hughes, D G; Isherwood, I

    1992-09-01

    Chronic lumbar arachnoiditis has numerous causes, including the introduction of contrast media into the lumbar subarachnoid space. The oily contrast medium Myodil (iophendylate) is often cited but the true incidence of symptomatic lumbar arachnoiditis due solely to the presence of Myodil is unknown. A retrospective review of 98 patients in whom Myodil was introduced by ventriculography or cisternography, i.e. remote from the lumbar spine, revealed no cases of chronic lumbar arachnoiditis. All patients were monitored closely for periods ranging from 1 to 28 years. We conclude that, in these circumstances, it is rare for Myodil to produce symptomatic arachnoiditis. PMID:1393409

  6. Pituitary Symptomatic Salivary Gland Rest Cyst: Case Report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Although salivary gland rest in posterior pituitary is frequently observed during microscopic examination at autopsy, this rest tissue rarely causes clinical symptoms. So far, only three symptomatic salivary gland rest cyst in pituitary was reported. The author reports the 4th case of symptomatic pituitary salivary gland rest cyst in 26-year-old woman presenting with severe headache. The lesion showed hyperdense shadow on computed tomography, high signal on T1-weighted image and low signal on T2-weighted image magnetic resonance imaging. There was no enhancement of the mass after gadolinium injection. Trans-sphenoidal approach revealed that the cyst wall consisted of normal appearing salivary gland and gelatinous cyst content. Although the pituitary salivary gland rest cyst is rarely symptomatic, it should be take into consideration in the differential diagnosis of pituitary lesions. PMID:24904892

  7. Draft Genome Sequence of Human-Pathogenic Lactococcus garvieae LG-ilsanpaik-gs201105 That Caused Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ji Hyung; Kang, Do-Hyung

    2015-01-01

    Lactococcus garvieae, which is generally known as a marine and freshwater fish pathogen, is now considered to be an emerging zoonotic pathogen in both human and veterinary medicine. In recent years, we have reported the infection of L. garvieae LG-ilsanpaik-gs201105 in the gallbladder of an old fisherman. In this study, we present the draft genome sequence of L. garvieae LG-ilsanpaik-gs201105, with a total genome size of 1,960,261 bp in 53 contigs and a 38.1% average G+C content. Interestingly, the capsule gene cluster, which was known as one of the crucial virulence factors in L. garvieae, was not detected in our isolate. This is the first genome sequence of human-pathogenic L. garvieae, which caused acute acalculous cholecystitis. PMID:26044414

  8. Symptomatic Rathke's cleft cysts: a radiological, surgical and pathological review.

    PubMed

    Billeci, Domenico; Marton, Elisabetta; Tripodi, Massimo; Orvieto, Enrico; Longatti, Pierluigi

    2004-01-01

    Rathke's cleft cyst is a non neoplastic lesion remnant of the Rathke's poutch. Symptomatic cysts must be surgically treated. There are no specific neuroradiological features for this lesion. We present a series of 14 symptomatic Rathke's cleft cysts treated with transphenoidal endoscopic technique, and we correlate the MRI intensity images with the intraoperative findings, the pathological analysis, the growth pattern and the recurrence tendency, to understand wether there is a better way to recognize these lesions, especially the asyntomatic ones, that, despite other neoplastic cysts, colud only be observed with a MRI follow up. PMID:16328563

  9. Chronic Bronchitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... chronic. Chronic bronchitis is one type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The inflamed bronchi produce a lot of mucus. This leads to cough and difficulty getting air in and out of the ... cause chronic bronchitis. Treatment will help your symptoms, but chronic ...

  10. Divergent outcomes after percutaneous therapy for symptomatic renal artery stenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nayan Sivamurthy; Scott M Surowiec; Eva Culakova; Jeffrey M Rhodes; David Lee; Yaron Sternbach; David L Waldman; Richard M Green; Mark G Davies

    2004-01-01

    ObjectivePercutaneous intervention for symptomatic renal artery atherosclerosis is rapidly replacing surgery in many centers. This study evaluated the anatomic and functional outcomes of endovascular therapy for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis on a combined vascular surgery and interventional radiology service at an academic medical center.

  11. Symptomatic Rathke's cleft cyst in an old patient case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Kojima; Sh. Waga

    1984-01-01

    Summary A 71-year-old woman with a symptomatic Rathke's cleft cyst is reported. Our patient is unique in that both metrizamide computed tomographic cisternography and a transsphenoidal surgery were safe and successful procedures in spite of the advanced age of the patient.

  12. Laparoscopic Approach to Symptomatic Meckel Diverticulum in Adults

    PubMed Central

    Hosn, Maen Abul; Faraj, Walid; Khoury, Ghattas; Diba, Samer

    2014-01-01

    Background: Meckel diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital gastrointestinal malformation found in approximately 2% of the general population. MD manifests in adults as gastrointestinal bleeding, bowel obstruction, intussusception, or perforation in <5% of cases. There is no consensus on the ideal management strategy in symptomatic MD. Therefore, we searched the literature to highlight the role of laparoscopy in diagnosing and treating symptomatic MD. Method: We used PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, Ovid, and Cochrane data search engines looking for articles containing terms such as Meckel diverticulum, ectopic gastric mucosa, laparoscopic, technetium 99m pertechnetate, and acute management. We included articles reporting on case series in the English language on adult patients only and reporting on laparoscopic approach in the management of symptomatic MD. Results: A total of 5 articles reporting on 35 cases were found. We report on the pooled data from these series with emphasis on number of patients, age, male to female ratio, length of stay, conversion to open procedure, method of resection, complications, first presentation, and confirmation of diagnosis preoperatively. We also compare the results of laparoscopic versus open approaches mentioned in the literature. Conclusions: The laparoscopic approach was found to be effective as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality in patients with symptomatic MD; however, its adoption as the gold standard still needs further studies with larger patient numbers. PMID:25489221

  13. Physician Alerts to Prevent Symptomatic Venous Thromboembolism in Hospitalized Patients

    PubMed Central

    Piazza, Gregory; Rosenbaum, Erin J.; Pendergast, William; Jacobson, Joseph O.; Pendleton, Robert C.; McLaren, Gordon D.; Elliott, C. Gregory; Stevens, Scott M.; Patton, William F.; Dabbagh, Ousama; Paterno, Marilyn D.; Catapane, Elaine; Li, Zhongzhen; Goldhaber, Samuel Z.

    2010-01-01

    Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis remains underutilized among hospitalized patients. We designed and carried out a large multicenter randomized controlled trial to test the hypothesis that an alert from a hospital staff member to the Attending Physician will reduce the rate of symptomatic VTE among high-risk patients not receiving prophylaxis. Methods and Results We enrolled patients using a validated point score system to detect hospitalized patients at high risk for symptomatic VTE who were not receiving prophylaxis. 2,493 patients (82% on Medical Services) from 25 study sites were randomized to the intervention group (n=1,238), in which the responsible physician was alerted by another hospital staff member, versus the control group (n=1,255), in which no alert was issued. The primary end point was symptomatic, objectively confirmed VTE within 90 days. Patients whose physicians were alerted were more than twice as likely to receive VTE prophylaxis as controls (46.0% versus 20.6%, p<0.0001). The symptomatic VTE rate was lower in the intervention group (2.7% versus 3.4%; hazard ratio, 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.50 to 1.25), but the difference did not achieve statistical significance. The rate of major bleeding at 30 days in the alert group was similar to the control group (2.1% versus 2.3%, p=0.68). Conclusions A strategy of direct staff member to physician notification increases prophylaxis utilization and leads toward reducing the rate of symptomatic VTE in hospitalized patients. However, VTE prophylaxis continues to be underutilized even after physician notification, especially among Medical Service patients. PMID:19364975

  14. Low-Dose Electron Beam Radiation and Romidepsin Therapy for Symptomatic Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Akilov, O.E.; Grant, C.; Frye, R.; Bates, S.; Piekarz, R.; Geskin, L.J.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND Romidepsin is a structurally unique histone deacetylase inhibitor FDA-approved for therapy of relapsed or refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Localized electron beam radiation therapy (LEBT) is standard practice in the care of patients with chronically traumatized and painful lesions. Combinational therapy of those two modalities may be beneficial for the therapy of CTCL. OBJECTIVES To report observations on supportive LEBT utilized for isolated refractory lesions in patients on romidepsin. METHODS Observations during a phase 2 clinical trial sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI 1312) examining the efficacy of romidepsin for patients with relapsed, refractory, or advanced CTCL, stage IB-IVA mycosis fungoides (MF) or Sézary syndrome. Skin responses were assessed by evaluation of five target lesions only. Patients with objective clinical responses in target lesions who had symptomatic non-target lesions were allowed limited localized radiation to isolated lesions for symptomatic relief. Patients who received localized radiation were not considered complete responders at any point. RESULTS Five patients with advanced MF (3 had stage IIB and 2 had stage IVA2) received localized electron beam radiation to symptomatic non-target lesions while on a protocol with romidepsin. None of these patients experienced additional or unexpected toxicity. Four of the five patients demonstrated fast and durable responses. We noted that significantly lower than standard doses of electron beam radiation effectively treated symptomatic lesions in these patients. CONCLUSIONS Electron beam therapy demonstrated significant responses at very low doses without additional toxicity in patients on protocol treatment with the histone deacetylase inhibitor romidepsin. This merits formal investigation in a clinical trial for potential synergy in patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. PMID:22372971

  15. Approach to chronic cough.

    PubMed

    Lahiri, Keya Rani; Landge, Amruta Avinash

    2014-10-01

    Chronic cough does affect quality of life in children. Most of the times it is treated with over-the-counter cough syrups and antibiotics. The etiology of chronic cough is so diverse, that treatment needs to be directed to the specific etiology, rather than treating symptomatically. Grossly, chronic cough is classified as specific and non-specific cough. Allergic conditions, followed by tuberculosis are more commonly encountered etiologies in India. Baseline investigations to be performed are chest radiograph and peak flow metry. If specific cause of cough is not obvious, then therapeutic trial with ?2 agonist, followed by peak flowmetry to evaluate reversibility of airway hypersensitivity, is useful to label the child asthmatic or non-asthmatic. Rampant uses of antibiotics need to be avoided for conditions like asthma. If tuberculosis is diagnosed or suspected, it is better to treat the child, rather than giving therapeutic trial. Over-the-counter cough syrups are as good as placebo, and should be avoided. Trial of anti asthma, anti allergic rhinitis and anti reflux therapies are avoided, unless the diagnosis is one of these conditions. If the child is distressed or the case seems to be complicated, it is best to refer the child to a tertiary care centre and keep a close follow up. PMID:24752628

  16. Venous disease and chronic oedema: treatment and patient concordance.

    PubMed

    Todd, Marie

    Compression therapy is the mainstay in the management of chronic venous disease, venous leg ulceration (VLU) and chronic oedema. The management of VLU alone is thought to cost a staggering £400 million per year and accounts for 13% of all district nursing visits. The predicted increase in elderly, obese and chronically ill patients will pose a further strain on already stretched resources. The impact of chronic venous and lymphovenous disease is also costly in terms of physical and psychological terms for patients. Adopting a preventive approach would reduce the financial, workload and symptomatic aspects of this condition. PMID:24820810

  17. Active "itch fibers" in chronic pruritus.

    PubMed

    Schmelz, M; Hilliges, M; Schmidt, R; Ørstavik, K; Vahlquist, C; Weidner, C; Handwerker, H O; Torebjörk, H E

    2003-08-26

    An itch-specific neuronal pathway was recently discovered in healthy humans and animals. Here the authors report that activity in this specific pathway coincides with itch under pathophysiologic conditions in a patient with chronic pruritus. Microneurographic recordings from the symptomatic area revealed spontaneous activity in six single C-fiber afferents that had the characteristic features of "itch fibers." Itch may be caused by activity in a specific subpopulation of C-fiber afferents. PMID:12939442

  18. Acute surgery of cerebral aneurysms and prevention of symptomatic vasospasm.

    PubMed

    Auer, L M

    1983-01-01

    A treatment protocol for a controlled open study in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) from cerebral aneurysms is presented, applying acute surgery and pharmacological prevention of symptomatic vasospasm: In patients clinically graded I-III (Hunt and Hess), operation is performed within 48 to 72 hours. After aneurysm clipping, the calcium-antagonist Nimodipine is administered 1. topically during operation, 2. intravenously until day 14 after SAH, 3. perorally until day 21 after SAH. Preliminary results in the first 31 patients show no management mortality and no severe management morbidity. Severe symptomatic vasospasm has never occurred. At 3 months follow-up investigation in 27 of the 31 patients, 5 had minimal neurological deficit; all patients are fully resocialized, working in their previous professions. PMID:6650240

  19. Does myodil introduced for ventriculography lead to symptomatic lumbar arachnoiditis?

    PubMed

    Hill, C A; Hunter, J V; Moseley, I F; Kendall, B E

    1992-12-01

    Although there is a substantial body of evidence implicating Myodil or Pantopaque as a cause of lumbar arachnoiditis, assessment of the clinically based evidence is complicated by the additional potentially causative factors present in a high proportion of cases. These include pre-existing spinal pathology, traumatic lumbar puncture and surgery. The aim of this retrospective study was to attempt to ascertain whether Myodil introduced via ventricular catheter was associated with subsequent development of symptomatic lumbar arachnoiditis. In 222 patients in whom clinical records were reviewed there was no excess of back pain following ventriculography compared to the general population. Myodil ventriculography does not appear to be a major cause of symptomatic lumbar arachnoiditis. Several unavoidable problems with the methodology of this study are discussed. PMID:1286419

  20. Epidemiology of symptomatic mitral valve prolapse in black patients.

    PubMed Central

    Zua, M. S.; Dziegielewski, S. F.

    1995-01-01

    This study analyzed the charts of 743 black patients who visited the emergency rom of a Nashville Hospital with symptoms of chest pain, palpitation, or fatigue. One hundred sixty-five met the criteria for the diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Epidemiologic factors of symptomatic MVP in blacks (ie, symptoms reported based on age and sex) were examined to determine whether there are significant differences in the prevalence of symptomatic MVP with relation to black males and females. Similarities were found in the patterns of the ages of both males and females and the symptoms that were reported. No significant differences were found between black males and females, which does not support previous findings. PMID:7752279

  1. PRO-CTCAE: Enhancing Reporting of Symptomatic Adverse Events

    Cancer.gov

    Treatment tolerability is an important endpoint when making conclusions about therapeutic effectiveness, and as such, accurately gauging the toxicity profile of new agents is essential to oncology drug development. Treatment toxicity in cancer clinical trials is evaluated using NCI's toxicity grading lexicon -- Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE). Many of the toxicities included in the CTCAE are symptomatic side effects that are most validly and efficiently collected by direct patient report.

  2. Efficacy of Mesalazine in the Treatment of Symptomatic Diverticular Disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francesco Di Mario; Giovanni Aragona; Gioacchino Leandro; Giuseppe Comparato; Libera Fanigliulo; Lucas G. Cavallaro; Giulia M. Cavestro; Veronica Iori; Marta Maino; AlÌ M. Moussa; Alessandro Gnocchi; Giancarlo Mazzocchi; Angelo Franzé

    2005-01-01

    We aimed to improve symptoms by means of mesalazine in symptomatic colonic diverticular disease patients. One hundred seventy outpatients (98 M, 72 F; age, 67.1 years; range, 39–84 years) were assigned to four different schedules: rifaximin, 200 mg bid (Group R1: 39 pts), rifaximin, 400 mg bid (Group R2: 43 pts), mesalazine, 400 mg bid (Group M1: 40 pts), and

  3. Endoscopic endonasal resection of symptomatic Rathke cleft cysts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tao Xie; Fan Hu; Yong Yu; Ye Gu; Xuejian Wang; Xiaobiao Zhang

    2011-01-01

    We aimed to retrospectively evaluate the transsphenoidal endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for the resection of symptomatic Rathke’s cleft cysts (RCC) in 23 patients (11 male, 12 female, average age 43years). The patients were followed-up for between 3months and 36months. Headache was the primary pre-operative symptom (15\\/23, 65%) and all patients with headache improved after surgery. Seven patients with initial visual

  4. Serologic testing for symptomatic coccidioidomycosis inimmunocompetent and immunosuppressed hosts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janis E. Blair; Brandon Coakley; Ana C. Santelli; Joseph G. Hentz; Nancy L. Wengenack

    2006-01-01

    Serologic studies are an important diagnostic tool in the clinical evaluation and follow-up of persons with coccidioidomycosis.\\u000a Numerous types of serologic tests are available, including immunodiffusion, enzyme immunoassay, and complement fixation. We\\u000a conducted a retrospective review of the results of 1,797 serologic tests spanning 12 months from the onset of coccidioidomycosis\\u000a in 298 immunocompetent and 62 immunosuppressed persons with symptomatic infection.

  5. Variable Food-Specific IgG Antibody Levels in Healthy and Symptomatic Chinese Adults

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Liu-Xin; Li, Hong; Sun, Zhi-Jian; Li, Jing-Bo; Jiang, Hong-Xia; Chen, Zhi-Heng; Wang, Qi-Bin; Chen, Wei-Wei

    2013-01-01

    Background The presence of food-specific IgG antibodies in human serum may be useful for diagnosis of adverse food reactions. However, the clinical utility of tesing for such antibodies remains very controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum levels and population distribution of food-specific IgGs and their association with chronic symptoms in a large-scale Chinese population. Methodology/Principal Findings A total of 21305 adult participants from different regions of China had 14 type of food-specific serum IgG antibodies that were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Amongthese, 5,394 participants were randomly chosen to complete follow-up questionnaire surveys on their dietary characteristics and chronic symptoms. The concentrations of food-specific IgGs against 14 foods ranged from a median (interquartile range) of 7.3 (3.8, 12.6) U/mL of pork-specfic IgG to 42.3 (28.8, 60.2) U/mL of crab-specific IgG. The concentration of food-specific IgGs was closely related to gender; after adjustment for region and age, women had higher concentrations of food-specific IgGs against all of the 14 foods except chicken (regression coefficient (95% CI): 0.01 (?0.003, 0.023); P?=?0.129) and corn (0.002 (?0.013, 0.016); P?=?0.825). Similar results were also found in the relationship of geographic region to the food-specific IgG concentrations for the 14 foods. Chronic symptoms were negatively associated with the concentrations of a few food-specific IgGs, and were positively associated with the concentrations of other food-specific IgGs. Conclusions The levels of food-specific IgGs were variable both in healthy and in symptomatic Chinese adults. These findings raise awareness that demographic factors, the type of food and specific chronic symptoms should be considered before food elimination treatment based on IgG testing in patients with chronic symptoms is used in clinical practice. PMID:23301096

  6. Chronic pancreatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    Chronic pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that does not heal or improve, gets worse over time, and leads ... abuse over many years. Repeated episodes of acute pancreatitis can lead to chronic pancreatitis. Genetics may be ...

  7. The population prevalence of symptomatic radiographic foot osteoarthritis in community-dwelling older adults: cross-sectional findings from the Clinical Assessment Study of the Foot

    PubMed Central

    Roddy, Edward; Thomas, Martin J; Marshall, Michelle; Rathod, Trishna; Myers, Helen; Menz, Hylton B; Thomas, Elaine; Peat, George

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To estimate the population prevalence of symptomatic radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) affecting the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ), 1st and 2nd cuneometatarsal joints (CMJs), navicular first cuneiform joint (NCJ) and talonavicular joint (TNJ) in community-dwelling older adults. Methods 9334 adults aged ?50?years registered with four general practices were mailed a health survey. Responders reporting foot pain within the last 12?months were invited to undergo weight-bearing dorso-plantar and lateral radiographs of both feet. OA at the 1st MTPJ, 1st and 2nd CMJs, NCJ and TNJ was graded using a validated atlas. Population prevalence estimates for symptomatic radiographic foot OA overall and for each joint were calculated using multiple imputation and weighted logistic regression modelling to account for missing data and non-response. Results 5109 health surveys were received (adjusted response 56%). Radiographs were obtained on 557 participants. Overall population prevalence of symptomatic radiographic OA was 16.7% (95% CI 15.3% to 18.0%), 1st MTPJ 7.8% (6.7% to 8.9%), 1st CMJ 3.9% (2.9% to 4.9%), 2nd CMJ 6.8% (5.7% to 7.8%), NCJ 5.2% (4.0% to 6.4%) and TNJ 5.8% (4.8% to 6.9%). With the exception of the 1st CMJ, prevalence was greater in females than males, increased with age and was higher in lower socioeconomic classes. Three-quarters of those with symptomatic radiographic OA reported disabling foot symptoms. Conclusions While cautious interpretation due to non-response is warranted, our study suggests that symptomatic radiographic foot OA affects one in six older adults and the majority report associated disability. Clinicians should consider OA as a possible cause of chronic foot pain in older people. PMID:24255544

  8. [Symptomatic paroxysmal dystonia (non-kinesigenic forms): two new cases].

    PubMed

    Uterga, J M; Portillo, M F; Iriondo, I; Cortina, C; Villaverde, F J; Huete, B

    1999-04-01

    We report two new cases of symptomatic paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dystonia. The first is a 68-year-old woman with paroxysmal spontaneous dystonic spasms in her right arm lasting 1 minute. They occurred 1-2/day, a few months after a cerebral infarction (left internal capsule and left lenticular nucleus) which occurred 6 years ago. The second is a 30-year-old woman with a 7-year-history of spontaneous dystonic postures (flexion spasms) in her left arm lasting 15 minutes and occurring monthly. In this case an Arnold-Chiari malformation with cervical syringomyelia was discovered. PMID:10363495

  9. Detection of pyuria and bacteriuria in symptomatic ambulatory women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raymond N. Blum; Richard A. Wright

    1992-01-01

    Objective:To compare the abilities of two methods for rapid detection of pyuria and three methods of urinalysis to predict significant\\u000a bacteriuria in symptomatic ambulatory women.\\u000a \\u000a Design:Prospective simultaneous comparison of the results of dipstick urinalysis, standard microscopic urinalysis, and hemocytometric\\u000a cell counting and Gram staining with the results of a standard urine culture.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting:Two outpatient ambulatory care facilities serving predominantly minority

  10. Symptomatic Overlap and Therapeutic Opportunities in Primary Headache.

    PubMed

    Cady, Roger; Garas, Sandy Yacoub; Patel, Ketu; Peterson, Andrew; Wenzel, Richard

    2015-08-01

    Headache, a nearly universal experience, remains costly, disabling, and often suboptimally managed. The most common presentations in the United States are migraine, tension-type headache (TTH) and "sinus" headache, but their extensive symptomatic overlap suggests that these conditions can be approached as variations in the same underlying pathology and managed accordingly. We use case studies of patients with varying prior diagnoses (none, migraine, TTH, and sinus headache), as well as a 4-question diagnostic screening tool, to illustrate how pharmacists can use this conceptual framework to simplify identification, management, and referral of patients with primary headache conditions of uncertain etiology. PMID:25112305

  11. Interventions for chronic blepharitis

    PubMed Central

    Lindsley, Kristina; Matsumura, Sueko; Hatef, Elham; Akpek, Esen K

    2012-01-01

    Background Blepharitis, an inflammatory condition associated with itchiness, redness, flaking, and crusting of the eyelids, is a common eye condition that affects both children and adults. It is common in all ethnic groups and across all ages. Although infrequent, blepharitis can lead to permanent alterations to the eyelid margin or vision loss from superficial keratopathy (abnormality of the cornea), corneal neovascularization, and ulceration. Most importantly, blepharitis frequently causes significant ocular symptoms such as burning sensation, irritation, tearing, and red eyes as well as visual problems such as photophobia and blurred vision. The exact etiopathogenesis is unknown, but suspected to be multifactorial, including chronic low-grade infections of the ocular surface with bacteria, infestations with certain parasites such as demodex, and inflammatory skin conditions such as atopy and seborrhea. Blepharitis can be categorized in several different ways. First, categorization is based on the length of disease process: acute or chronic blepharitis. Second, categorization is based on the anatomical location of disease: anterior, or front of the eye (e.g. staphylococcal and seborrheic blepharitis), and posterior, or back of the eye (e.g. meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD)). This review focuses on chronic blepharitis and stratifies anterior and posterior blepharitis. Objectives To examine the effectiveness of interventions in the treatment of chronic blepharitis. Search methods We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials Register) (The Cochrane Library 2012, Issue 1), MEDLINE (January 1950 to February 2012), EMBASE (January 1980 to February 2012), the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) (www.controlled-trials.com), ClinicalTrials.gov (www.clinicaltrials.gov) and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) (www.who.int/ictrp/search/en). We searched the reference lists of included studies for any additional studies not identified by the electronic searches. There were no date or language restrictions in the electronic searches for trials. The electronic databases were last searched on 9 February 2012. Selection criteria We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized controlled trials (CCTs) in which participants were adults aged 16 years or older and clinically diagnosed with chronic blepharitis. We also included trials where participants with chronic blepharitis were a subset of the participants included in the study and data were reported separately for these participants. Interventions within the scope of this review included medical treatment and lid hygiene measures. Data collection and analysis Two authors independently assessed search results, reviewed full-text copies for eligibility, examined risk of bias, and extracted data. Data were meta-analyzed for studies comparing similar interventions and reporting comparable outcomes with the same timing. Otherwise, results for included studies were summarized in the text. Main results There were 34 studies (2169 participants with blepharitis) included in this review: 20 studies (14 RCTs and 6 CCTs) included 1661 participants with anterior or mixed blepharitis and 14 studies (12 RCTs and 2 CCTs) included 508 participants with posterior blepharitis (MGD). Due to the heterogeneity of study characteristics among the included studies, with respect to follow-up periods and types of interventions, comparisons, and condition of participants, our ability to perform meta-analyses was limited. Topical antibiotics were shown to provide some symptomatic relief and were effective in eradicating bacteria from the eyelid margin for anterior blepharitis. Lid hygiene may provide symptomatic relief for anterior and posterior blepharitis. The effectiveness of other treatments for blepharitis, such as topical steroids and oral antibiotics, were inconclusive. Authors’ conclusions Despite identifying 34 trials related to treatments for blepharitis, there is no strong evidence for any of the treatments in

  12. Effects of chronic hemodialysis on thyroid function in chronic renal failure.

    PubMed

    Silverberg, D S; Ulan, R A; Fawcett, D M; Dossetor, J B; Grace, M; Bettcher, K

    1973-08-18

    Thyroid function was studied in 54 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. Serum thyroxine, triiodothyronine and free thyroxine and the free thyroxine index were significantly lower than normal. The levels of both serum thyroxine and the free thyroxine index tended to fall progressively the longer the patients were on hemodialysis. These findings, in association with low serum TSH levels and normal increase in radioactive iodine uptake by the thyroid after TSH injection, suggest that a defect in pituitary secretion of TSH may be responsible. Although some patients experienced symptomatic improvement after treatment with L-thyroxine the efficacy of this form of treatment in patients on chronic hemodialysis has not yet been established. PMID:4125852

  13. The use of laser lithotripsy status post cholecystostomy tube placement without interval cholecystectomy for calculous cholecystitis in a patient unfit for general anesthesia.

    PubMed

    Polite, Nathan M; Brown, Roy; Braveman, Joshua

    2013-12-01

    Acute cholecystitis in patients unfit for general anesthesia often initially requires cholecystectomy tube placement without cholecystectomy. The best way to definitively manage those patients with irreversible medical conditions, leaving them unable to undergo cholecystectomy, has yet to be defined. Laser lithotripsy is currently used in the management of stones of the genitourinary system. Extracorporeal shock wave cholelithotripsy has been extensively evaluated in Munich, Germany and since then, has been abandoned as an alternative treatment of cholelithiasis. This report discusses a novel approach using established cholecystocutaneous fistula tracts and laser lithotripsy to definitively treat this group of patients. PMID:24300938

  14. Comparative local immunogenic potential of scaffolds prepared from porcine cholecyst, jejunum, and urinary bladder in rat subcutaneous model.

    PubMed

    Muhamed, Jaseer; Revi, Deepa; Rajan, Akhila; Anilkumar, Thapasimuthu V

    2014-11-01

    Extracellular matrices isolated from several mammalian organs/tissues have found several clinical uses as xenografts or implants. However, they may cause complications because of adverse immunologic reactions. Scaffolds that promote favorable graft-acceptance reaction are preferred for fabricating xenografts. The objective of this study was to evaluate the immunogenic potential of a porcine cholecyst-derived scaffold (CDS), prepared by a non-detergent/enzymatic method, in comparison with jejunum and urinary bladder-derived scaffolds in a rat subcutaneous model. Key graft-rejection/acceptance reaction was evaluated at the site of implantation by studying the occurrence and/or function of immunocompetent cells in the tissue reaction. There was differential occurrence of M1-macrophage, M2-macrophage, T-helper cells, T-cytotoxic cells, B-cells, and mast cells in the tissue reaction and the CDS attracted few cells compared with other scaffolds. Real-time polymerase chain reaction for evaluating mRNA of functional markers like inducible nitric oxide synthase (M1 macrophage), arginase 1 (M2 macrophage), interferon gamma (TH1 lymphocytes), and interlukin-4 (TH2 lymphocytes) suggested that the CDS, compared with the scaffolds prepared from small intestine and urinary bladder, elicited M2 macrophage and TH2 lymphocyte polarization that are congenial graft-acceptance reactions. The results indicated that CDS has less immunogenic potential compared with the scaffolds prepared from jejunum and urinary bladder when used as subcutaneous graft in rats. It was concluded that CDS is a promising animal-derived xenograft for biomedical application. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2014. PMID:25370716

  15. Familial Mediterranean Fever With Complete Symptomatic Remission During Pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kwang Taek; Jang, Hyun Joo; Lee, Jae Eun; Kim, Mi Kang; Yoo, Jun Jae; Lee, Gye Yeon; Kae, Sea Hyub; Lee, Jin

    2015-07-01

    Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder, ethnically restricted and commonly found among populations surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. FMF is the most prevalent autoinflammatory disease; is characterized by recurrent, self-limited episodes of fever with serositis; and is caused by Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) mutations on chromosome 16. We describe a case of adult-onset FMF with complete symptomatic remission during pregnancy, without the use of colchicine. A 25-year-old woman had presented with periodic fever, abdominal pain, and vomiting since she was 21. Her abdominal computed tomography scan showed intestinal nonrotation. She underwent exploratory laparotomy and appendectomy for her symptoms 1 year prior. She had a symptom-free pregnancy period, but abdominal pain and fever recurred after delivery. Mutation analysis of the MEFV gene revealed two point mutations (p.Leu110Pro and p.Glu148Gln). We report an adult female patient with FMF in Korea with complete symptomatic remission during pregnancy. PMID:26131005

  16. Familial Mediterranean Fever With Complete Symptomatic Remission During Pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Kwang Taek; Lee, Jae Eun; Kim, Mi Kang; Yoo, Jun Jae; Lee, Gye Yeon; Kae, Sea Hyub; Lee, Jin

    2015-01-01

    Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder, ethnically restricted and commonly found among populations surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. FMF is the most prevalent autoinflammatory disease; is characterized by recurrent, self-limited episodes of fever with serositis; and is caused by Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) mutations on chromosome 16. We describe a case of adult-onset FMF with complete symptomatic remission during pregnancy, without the use of colchicine. A 25-year-old woman had presented with periodic fever, abdominal pain, and vomiting since she was 21. Her abdominal computed tomography scan showed intestinal nonrotation. She underwent exploratory laparotomy and appendectomy for her symptoms 1 year prior. She had a symptom-free pregnancy period, but abdominal pain and fever recurred after delivery. Mutation analysis of the MEFV gene revealed two point mutations (p.Leu110Pro and p.Glu148Gln). We report an adult female patient with FMF in Korea with complete symptomatic remission during pregnancy.

  17. Endoscopic endonasal resection of symptomatic Rathke cleft cysts.

    PubMed

    Xie, Tao; Hu, Fan; Yu, Yong; Gu, Ye; Wang, Xuejian; Zhang, Xiaobiao

    2011-06-01

    We aimed to retrospectively evaluate the transsphenoidal endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for the resection of symptomatic Rathke's cleft cysts (RCC) in 23 patients (11 male, 12 female, average age 43 years). The patients were followed-up for between 3 months and 36 months. Headache was the primary pre-operative symptom (15/23, 65%) and all patients with headache improved after surgery. Seven patients with initial visual symptoms (9/23, 39%) also improved after treatment. Three of the six patients with pre-operative pituitary dysfunction (6/23, 26%) showed post-operative improvement. There was no permanent pituitary dysfunction. One patient developed temporary diabetes insipidus and two patients had a post-operative infection. Three patients had post-operative cerebrospinal fluid leaks, two of which were repaired using the EEA and the other using a lumbar drain. Two patients had recurrent cysts and both patients refused reoperation. We concluded that the EEA is safe and effective in the treatment of symptomatic RCC. Fenestration and aspiration of the cysts with partial excision of the cyst wall is usually sufficient. PMID:21493070

  18. Symptomatic and silent gall stones in the community.

    PubMed Central

    Heaton, K W; Braddon, F E; Mountford, R A; Hughes, A O; Emmett, P M

    1991-01-01

    The prevalence of gall stone disease in a stratified random sample of 1896 British adults (72.2% of those approached) was established using real time ultrasound. The prevalence rose with age, except in women of 40-49 years, so that at 60-69 years, 22.4% of women and 11.5% of men had gall stones or had undergone cholecystectomy. The cholecystectomy rate of people with gall stone disease was higher in women than in men (43.5% v 24%, p less than 0.05). Very few subjects with gall stones had convincing biliary symptoms. In women, 10.4% had symptoms according to a questionnaire definition of biliary pain and 6.3% according to conventional history taking, while no men at all admitted to biliary pain. Nevertheless, cholecystectomy in men had nearly always been preceded by convincing biliary symptoms. The age at cholecystectomy was, on average, nine years less than the age at detection of silent gall stones in both sexes. It is concluded that either gall stones are especially prone to cause symptoms in younger people or that there are two kinds of cholelithiasis - symptomatic and silent. The lack of symptomatic gall stones in cross sectional surveys is probably due to their rapid diagnosis and treatment. PMID:2013429

  19. A Symptomatic Spinal Extradural Arachnoid Cyst with Lumbar Disc Herniation

    PubMed Central

    Kadono, Yoshinori; Yuguchi, Takamichi; Ohnishi, Yu-ichiro; Iwatsuki, Koichi; Yoshimine, Toshiki

    2015-01-01

    Spinal epidural arachnoid cyst (EAC) is a rare, usually asymptomatic condition of unknown origin, which typically involves the lower thoracic spine. We report a case of posttraumatic symptomatic EAC with lumbar disc herniation. A 22-year-old man experienced back pain and sciatica after a traffic accident. Neurological examination revealed a right L5 radiculopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a cystic lesion at the L3 to L5 level and an L4-5 disc herniation; computed tomography myelography showed that the right L5 root was sandwiched between the cyst and the herniation. A dural defect was identified during surgery. The cyst was excised completely and the defect was repaired. A herniation was excised beside the dural sac. Histology showed that the cyst wall consisted of collagen and meningothelial cells. Postoperatively the symptoms resolved. Lumbar spinal EACs are rare; such cysts may arise from a congenital dural crack and grow gradually. The 6 cases of symptomatic lumbar EAC reported in the literature were not associated with disc herniation or trauma. In this case, the comorbid disc herniation was involved in symptom progression. Although many EACs are asymptomatic, comorbid spinal disorders such as disc herniation or trauma can result in symptom progression. PMID:25861499

  20. The role of cumulative physical work load in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis – a case-control study in Germany

    PubMed Central

    Seidler, Andreas; Bolm-Audorff, Ulrich; Abolmaali, Nasreddin; Elsner, Gine

    2008-01-01

    Objectives To examine the dose-response relationship between cumulative exposure to kneeling and squatting as well as to lifting and carrying of loads and symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) in a population-based case-control study. Methods In five orthopedic clinics and five practices we recruited 295 male patients aged 25 to 70 with radiographically confirmed knee osteoarthritis associated with chronic complaints. A total of 327 male control subjects were recruited. Data were gathered in a structured personal interview. To calculate cumulative exposure, the self-reported duration of kneeling and squatting as well as the duration of lifting and carrying of loads were summed up over the entire working life. Results The results of our study support a dose-response relationship between kneeling/squatting and symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. For a cumulative exposure to kneeling and squatting > 10.800 hours, the risk of having radiographically confirmed knee osteoarthritis as measured by the odds ratio (adjusted for age, region, weight, jogging/athletics, and lifting or carrying of loads) is 2.4 (95% CI 1.1–5.0) compared to unexposed subjects. Lifting and carrying of loads is significantly associated with knee osteoarthritis independent of kneeling or similar activities. Conclusion As the knee osteoarthritis risk is strongly elevated in occupations that involve both kneeling/squatting and heavy lifting/carrying, preventive efforts should particularly focus on these "high-risk occupations". PMID:18625053

  1. Epidemiological profile of symptomatic osteoarthritis in older adults: a population based study in Dicomano, Italy

    PubMed Central

    Mannoni, A; Briganti, M; Di, B; Ferrucci, L; Costanzo, S; Serni, U; Masotti, G; Marchionni, N

    2003-01-01

    Method: A cross sectional survey of the whole community aged 65 years and over, was carried out in Dicomano, a small rural town in Tuscany, Italy. Subjects were screened by geriatricians for major chronic conditions, including hip, knee, and hand OA, using diagnostic algorithms based on the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) clinical criteria. A rheumatologist examined subjects who screened positive. Disability was assessed by a World Health Organisation questionnaire. Results: 697 of 864 eligible subjects (81% of the eligible population) were screened. OA of the knee, hand, or hip was identified by clinical ACR criteria respectively in 159, 139, and 81 subjects, and was confirmed by the rheumatologist in 158/182 (87%), 75/101 (74%), and 63.2% of cases. The estimated prevalence was 29.8%, 14.9%, and 7.7%, respectively. Only hip OA was significantly associated with disability in basic activities of daily living. Conclusions: About one third of community dwelling older people are affected by symptomatic peripheral OA. Hip OA was strongly associated with disability. PMID:12759299

  2. Symptomatic diabetic and non-diabetic neuropathies in a series of 100 diabetic patients.

    PubMed

    Lozeron, Pierre; Nahum, Laurence; Lacroix, Catherine; Ropert, Angèle; Guglielmi, Jean-Marc; Said, Gérard

    2002-05-01

    We have reviewed the clinical and pathological data of a series of 100 consecutive diabetic patients with symptomatic neuropathy in order to learn more about the causes of neuropathy in this population and on the signs and symptoms that could suggest another cause than diabetes in this setting. After diagnostic procedures, patients were assigned one (at most two) of a final total of 18 different causes of neuropathy. Diabetes accounted for 74 % of the neuropathies in the whole group of patients and for 79 % of those with a fiber length dependent pattern of neuropathy. One third of patients had a neuropathy unrelated to diabetes. As a group, 71 % of the patients presented either a length dependent diabetic polyneuropathy (LDDP) or a proximal diabetic neuropathy (PDN). The LDDP group was biased towards more severely affected patients owing to our specialization. Conversely, most patients with proximal diabetic neuropathy had usual features. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating neuropathy that was diagnosed in 9 % of the patients was the most common non-diabetic cause of neuropathy in this population. We conclude that a short interval between diagnosis of diabetes and the onset of the neuropathy, early motor deficit, markedly asymmetrical deficit and generalized areflexia, which are all uncommon in the LDDP, argue in favor of a non diabetic origin of the neuropathy and should lead to further investigation. PMID:12021947

  3. Association Between Hematological Indices and Coronary Calcification in Symptomatic Patients without History of Coronary Artery Disease

    PubMed Central

    Chaikriangkrai, Kongkiat; Kassi, Mahwash; Alchalabi, Sama; Bala, Sayf Khaleel; Adigun, Rosalyn; Botero, Sharleen; Chang, Su Min

    2014-01-01

    Background: Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) has long been shown to involve chronic low-grade subclinical inflammation. However, whether there is association between hematological indices assessed by complete blood count (CBC) and coronary atherosclerotic burden has not been well studied. Materials and Methods: Consecutive 868 patients without known CAD who presented with acute chest pain to emergency department and underwent coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring evaluation by multi-detector cardiac computed tomography were included in our study. Clinical characteristics and CBC indices were compared among different CAC groups. Results: The cohort comprised 60% male with a mean age of 61 (SD = 14) years. Median Framingham risk of CAD was 4% (range 1-16%). Median CAC score was 0 (IQR 0-43). Higher CAC groups had significantly higher Framingham risk of CAD than lower CAC groups (P < 0.001). Among different CAC categories, there was no statistically significant difference in hemoglobin level (p 0.45), mean corpuscular volume (p 0.43), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (p 0.28), mean corpuscular hemoglobin volume (p 0.36), red cell distribution width (0.42), total white blood cell counts (p 0.291), neutrophil counts (p 0.352), lymphocyte counts (p 0.92), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (p 0.68), monocyte count (p 0.48), and platelet counts (p 0.25). Conclusion: Our study did not detect significant association between hematological indices assessed with CBC and coronary calcification in symptomatic patients without known CAD. PMID:25317386

  4. The effect of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ infection on the proteomic profiles and nutritional status of pre-symptomatic and symptomatic grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) plants

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Huanglongbing (HLB) is a highly destructive citrus disease which threatens citrus production worldwide and ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ (Las), a non-culturable phloem-limited bacterium, is an associated causal agent of the disease. To better understand the physiological and molecular processes involved in host responses to Las, 2-DE and mass spectrometry analyses, as well as ICP spectroscopy analysis were employed to elucidate the global protein expression profiles and nutrient concentrations in leaves of Las-infected grapefruit plants at pre-symptomatic or symptomatic stages for HLB. Results This study identified 123 protein spots out of 191 spots that showed significant changes in the leaves of grapefruit plants in response to Las infection and all identified spots matched to 69 unique proteins/peptides. A down-regulation of 56 proteins including those associated with photosynthesis, protein synthesis, and metabolism was correlated with significant reductions in the concentrations of Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu in leaves of grapefruit plants in response to Las infection, particularly in symptomatic plants. Oxygen-evolving enhancer (OEE) proteins, a PSI 9 kDa protein, and a Btf3-like protein were among a small group of proteins that were down-regulated in both pre-symptomatic and symptomatic plants in response to Las infection. Furthermore, a Las-mediated up-regulation of 13 grapefruit proteins was detected, which included Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase, chitinases, lectin-related proteins, miraculin-like proteins, peroxiredoxins and a CAP 160 protein. Interestingly, a Las-mediated up-regulation of granule-bound starch synthase was correlated with an increase in the K concentrations of pre-symptomatic and symptomatic plants. Conclusions This study constitutes the first attempt to characterize the interrelationships between protein expression and nutritional status of Las-infected pre-symptomatic or symptomatic grapefruit plants and sheds light on the physiological and molecular mechanisms associated with HLB disease development. PMID:23578104

  5. Using aripiprazole to resolve antipsychotic-induced symptomatic hyperprolactinemia: A pilot study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bun-Hee Lee; Yong-Ku Kim; Sun-Hwa Park

    2006-01-01

    ObjectiveTo assess the effectiveness of substituting aripiprazole for other antipsychotic drugs taken by stable schizophrenic patients suffering from antipsychotic agent-induced symptomatic hyperprolactinemia.

  6. Chronic prostatitis: management strategies.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Adam B; Macejko, Amanda; Taylor, Aisha; Nadler, Robert B

    2009-01-01

    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has redefined prostatitis into four distinct entities. Category I is acute bacterial prostatitis. It is an acute prostatic infection with a uropathogen, often with systemic symptoms of fever, chills and hypotension. The treatment hinges on antimicrobials and drainage of the bladder because the inflamed prostate may block urinary flow. Category II prostatitis is called chronic bacterial prostatitis. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of documented urinary tract infections with the same uropathogen and causes pelvic pain, urinary symptoms and ejaculatory pain. It is diagnosed by means of localization cultures that are 90% accurate in localizing the source of recurrent infections within the lower urinary tract. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis comprises NIH category IV. This entity is, by definition, asymptomatic and is often diagnosed incidentally during the evaluation of infertility or prostate cancer. The clinical significance of category IV prostatitis is unknown and it is often left untreated. Category III prostatitis is called chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). It is characterized by pelvic pain for more than 3 of the previous 6 months, urinary symptoms and painful ejaculation, without documented urinary tract infections from uropathogens. The syndrome can be devastating, affecting 10-15% of the male population, and results in nearly 2 million outpatient visits each year. The aetiology of CP/CPPS is poorly understood, but may be the result of an infectious or inflammatory initiator that results in neurological injury and eventually results in pelvic floor dysfunction in the form of increased pelvic muscle tone. The diagnosis relies on separating this entity from chronic bacterial prostatitis. If there is no history of documented urinary tract infections with a urinary tract pathogen, then cultures should be taken when patients are symptomatic. Prostatic localization cultures, called the Meares-Stamey 4 glass test, would identify the prostate as the source for a urinary tract infection in chronic bacterial prostatitis. If there is no infection, then the patient is likely to have CP/CPPS. For healthcare providers, the focus of therapy is symptomatic relief. The first therapeutic measure is often a 4- to 6-week course of a fluoroquinolone, which provides relief in 50% of men and is more efficacious if prescribed soon after symptoms begin. Second-line pharmacotherapy involves anti-inflammatory agents for pain symptoms and alpha-adrenergic receptor antagonists (alpha-blockers) for urinary symptoms. Potentially more effective is pelvic floor training/biofeedback, but randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm this. Third-line agents include 5alpha-reductase inhibitors, glycosaminoglycans, quercetin, cernilton (CN-009) and saw palmetto. For treatment refractory patients, surgical interventions can be offered. Transurethral microwave therapy to ablate prostatic tissue has shown some promise. The treatment algorithm provided in this review involves a 4- to 6-week course of antibacterials, which may be repeated if the initial course provides relief. Pain and urinary symptoms can be ameliorated with anti-inflammatories and alpha-blockers. If the relief is not significant, then patients should be referred for biofeedback. Minimally invasive surgical options should be reserved for treatment-refractory patients. PMID:19192937

  7. Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy

    MedlinePLUS

    Polyneuropathy - chronic inflammatory; CIDP; Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy ... usually affects both sides of the body equally. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is the most common chronic neuropathy caused ...

  8. Seasonality of symptomatic bacterial urinary infections in women.

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, J E

    1983-01-01

    Bacterial infections of the female urinary tract (UTI) are a frequent clinical problem. A chance observation, supported by a one year survey reported from another country, suggested that UTI presented to the general practitioner more frequently in the summer. A retrospective survey, covering three consecutive years, was carried out to test this observation. The records of all women reported as attending this practice with a UTI showed that 213 culture positive episodes occurred in the third calendar quarter of each year. Edward's test for cyclic variation showed a significant peaking in August. These results indicate a definite seasonal fluctuation in the frequency with which symptomatic UTIs present to general practitioners in this practice. The clinical and epidemiological significance of this phenomenon remains to be determined. Images PMID:6655418

  9. Incidence of Symptomatic Vertebral Fractures in Patients After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Hierholzer, Johannes, E-mail: jhierholzer@klinikumevb.de; Fuchs, Heiko; Westphalen, Kerstin; Baumann, Clemens; Slotosch, Christine [Klinikum Ernst von Bergmann gGmbH, Academic Teaching Hospital, Charite, University Medicine Berlin, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Schulz, Rudolf [Klinikum Ernst von Bergmann, Musculoskeletal Surgery (Germany)

    2008-11-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of secondary symptomatic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) in patients previously treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty (VTP). Three hundred sixteen patients with 486 treated VCFs were included in the study according to the inclusion criteria. Patients were kept in regular follow-up using a standardized questionairre before, 1 day, 7 days, 6 months, and 1 year after, and, further on, on a yearly basis after VTP. The incidence of secondary symptomatic VCF was calculated, and anatomical distribution with respect to previous fractures characterized. Mean follow-up was 8 months (6-56 months) after VTP. Fifty-two of 316 (16.4 %) patients (45 female, 7 male) returned for treatment of 69 secondary VCFs adjacent to (35/69; 51%) or distant from (34/69; 49%) previously treated levels. Adjacent secondary VCF occurred significantly more often compared to distant secondary VCF. Of the total 69 secondary VCFs, 35 of 69 occurred below and 27 of 69 above pretreated VCFs. Of the 65 sandwich levels generated, in 7 of 65 (11%) secondary VCFs were observed. Secondary VCF below pretreated VCF occurred significantly earlier in time compared to VCF above and compared to sandwich body fractures. No major complication occurred during initial or follow-up intervention. We conclude that secondary VCFs do occur in individuals after VTP but the rate found in our study remains below the level expected from epidemiologic studies. Adjacent fractures occur more often and follow the cluster distribution of VCF as expected from the natural history of the underlying osteoporosis. No increased rate of secondary VCF after VTP was observed in this retrospective analysis. In accordance with the pertinent literature, short-term and also midterm clinical results are encouraging and provide further support for the usefulness and the low complication rate of this procedure as an adjunct to the spectrum of pain management in patients with severe midline back pain due to osteoporotic spine fractures.

  10. Primary Angioplasty for Symptomatic Atherosclerotic Middle Cerebral Artery Stenosis

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Youn Hyuk; Kwon, O-Ki

    2014-01-01

    Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical and angiographic outcomes after primary balloon angioplasty in patients with symptomatic middle cerebral artery (MCA, M1 segment) stenosis refractory to medical therapy. Materials and Methods Eleven patients with intracranial stenosis were treated with primary balloon angioplasty. All patients had MCA stenosis with recurrent transient ischemic attack (TIA). The indication for balloon angioplasty was patients with significant MCA stenosis: 1) age older than 18 years with recurrent or progressive TIA or infarction despite optimal medical therapy, including anti-coagulation, dual anti-platelet, and anti-lipid medication; 2) previous ischemic events or asymptomatic severe stenosis (more than 50%) with poor collateral cerebral circulation, or diminished cerebral perfusion on single photon emission computed tomography before and after administration of the intravenous dosage of acetazolamide. Results The median age of patients was 53 years (range 44-79). The technical success rate was 100%. Mean pretreatment stenosis degree was 83.63 ± 9.53% and 29.1 ± 15.4% before and after angioplasty, respectively. Procedural-related complications occurred in four of 11 patients (36%), but none of the patients had permanent neurological deficit. All patients were available for an average follow-up period of 19.4 ± 5.1 months. One patient had a stroke in the territory of angioplasty at two months after angioplasty. The stroke free survival rate at 30 days and 12 months was 100% and 91%, respectively. Restenosis over 50% was observed in three of 11 patients (27%); all were asymptomatic. Conclusion Intracranial angioplasty for symptomatic MCA stenosis refractory to medical therapy can be a treatment option to reduce the risk of further TIA or stroke. PMID:25340017

  11. Chronic Depression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence P. Riso; Michael E. Thase

    While once of limited interest to the field, chronic depression is now recognized as a major public health problem (Howland, 1993). Not only is chronic depression common, representing 19% of all depressed patients (Keller & Hanks, 1995) and 6% in the community (Kessler et al., 1994), but it is also associated with considerable psychosocial impairment (Howland, 1993), and is extremely

  12. [Chronic leukemia].

    PubMed

    Shibata, A; Narita, M

    1989-05-01

    As compared with advances in the treatment of acute leukemia, we have made little progress in chronic leukemia. Recently we have attempted some new treatments for chronic phase of CML, and confirmed those effectiveness. But for blastic crisis, we still grope in the dark. In this paper, we review the chemotherapy of CML and CLL including new treatments except bone marrow transplantation. PMID:2658837

  13. [Chronic daily headache: management and rehabilitation].

    PubMed

    de Filippis, S; Salvatori, E; Coloprisco, G; Martelletti, P

    2006-01-01

    In 2001, WHO evidenced headache among the first twenty disability agents in the world. The International Classification of Headache Disorders, II version (ICHD-II) recognises 24 types of chronic headache and states primary headaches as chronic when attacks appear for more than 15 days per month, for at least three months. Migraine given by drugs overuse, defined by ICDH-II in 2004 (and revised in 2005) as MOH, represents a common and debilitating disorder, which can be defined as generation, perpetuation and persistence of intense chronic migraine caused by the frequent and excessive use of (symptomatic) drugs, giving an immediate relief. MOH is associated with overuse of a combination of analgesics, barbiturates, opiods, Ergot alkaloids, aspirin, FANS, caffeine and triptans. Furthermore, some psychological and behavioural states seem particularly important in promoting and sustaining drugs abuse. The management and rehabilitation of patients affected by CDH, over-using symptomatic drugs, consists in the suspension and gradual reduction of their assumption, because of tolerance and addiction possibilities. Therapeutic success, defined as total absence of headache or frequency reduction over 50% in a period of time from 1 to 6 months, stands around 72-74%. PMID:16817505

  14. Perioperative Results Eversion Carotid Endarterectomy in Bilateral Symptomatic Stenosis

    PubMed Central

    Djedovic, Muhamed; Djedovic, Samed; Rustempasic, Nedzad; Totic, Dragan

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a standard treatment for the prevention of stroke and death in patients with significant stenosis of the internal carotid artery. Eversion endarterectomy is warranted in patients with symptoms of cerebral ischemia and the degree of stenosis of 70-99%. The same is suitable for treating a symptomatic carotid artery stenosis with contralateral stenosis (50-70%). Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate perioperative complications (ICV, TIA, MI, mortality) in patients treated with carotid eversion endarterectomy with unilateral and bilateral symptomatic stenosis (with bilateral stenosis treated with ACI stenosis ?70%). Patients and Methods: The study included 139 patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis at the Department of Vascular Surgery of the University Clinical Center of Sarajevo in the period from January 2012 to December 2014 year. Given the involvement of ACI stenosis patients were divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 74 patients with bilateral stenosis (surgically treated with ACI stenosis ?70%, while the degree of stenosis opposite ACI was from 50-70%), and group B of 65 patients with unilateral stenosis ?70%. Results: Of the 139 patients included in the study, in the group A was 74, of which 46 male (62.2%) and 28 female (37.8%), while in group B were 42 male (64.6%) and 23 female (35.4%) (p = 0.90). The subjects in group A were slightly older 65.9 (± 7.8) compared to group B 64.2 (± 7.7) (p = 0.17). Analysis of risk factors indicating a higher number in Group A compared to group B, but the difference was not statistically significant: 34 smokers (45.9%) versus 36 (55.4%); p = 0:34), patients with hypertension (63 (85.1%) against the 52 (80.0%); p = 0.56), with statin therapy (62 (83.8%) versus 52 (80.0%); p = 0.72), diabetes (18 (24.3%) versus 18 (27.7%); p = 0.79) and with a heart disease (18 (24.3%) versus 7 (10.8%); p = 0.06). Analysis of the frequency of perioperative complications between the groups was not statistically significant: ICV (2/74 versus 3/65; p = 1.00), TIA (2/74 versus 3/65; p = 0.88), one death was recorded in group A, while myocardial infarction (MI) we had in either group. Conclusion: In this study, no statistically about significant differences in the number of perioperative complications (from 0 to 30 days) between the two groups. With this risk is acceptable to perform carotid endarterectomy in a patient in the opposite ACI stenosis of 50-70%. PMID:26005250

  15. [Remote results of surgical management of chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency].

    PubMed

    Karimov, Sh I; Sunnatov, R D; Irnazarov, A A; Muminov, R T; Iulbarisov, A A; Akhmatov, A M; Alidzhanov, Kh K

    2014-01-01

    The work was aimed at studying the remote results of reconstructive operations performed on brachiocephalic arteries in a total of 1,483 patients presenting with chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency. The findings obtained from our experience confirmed that carotid endarterectomy up to now remains the gold standard of treatment for both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients suffering from haemodynamically significant lesions of carotid arteries, requiring, however, timely performance and consequent active follow up of the patients involved. PMID:25490365

  16. Presymptomatic risk assessment for chronic non-communicable diseases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Badri Padhukasahasram; Eran Halperin; Jennifer Wessel; Daryl J. Thomas; Elana Silver; Heather Trumbower; Michele Cargill; Dietrich A. Stephan

    2010-01-01

    The prevalence of common chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) far overshadows the prevalence of both monogenic and infectious diseases combined. All CNCDs, also called complex genetic diseases, have a heritable genetic component that can be used for pre-symptomatic risk assessment. Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that tag risk haplotypes across the genome currently account for a non-trivial portion of the germ-line

  17. Irritable bowel syndrome: a mild disorder; purely symptomatic treatment.

    PubMed

    2009-04-01

    (1) Patients frequently complain of occasional bowel movement disorders, associated with abdominal pain or discomfort, but they are rarely due to an underlying organ involvement. Even when patients have recurrent symptoms, serious disorders are no more frequent in these patients than in the general population, unless other manifestations, anaemia, or an inflammatory syndrome is also present; (2) There is currently no way of radically modifying the natural course of recurrent irritable bowel syndrome; (3) The effects of antispasmodics on abdominal pain have been tested in about 20 randomised controlled trials. Pinaverium and peppermint essential oil have the best-documented efficacy and only moderate adverse effects. Antispasmodics with marked atropinic effects do not have a favourable risk-benefit balance; (4) Tricylic antidepressants seem to have only modest analgesic effects in this setting. In contrast, their adverse effects are frequent and they have somewhat negative risk-benefit balances. Nor has the efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants (SSRIs) been demonstrated; (5) Alosetron and tegaserod carry a risk of potentially life-threatening adverse effects and therefore have negative risk-benefit balances; (6) Seeds of plants such as psyllium and ispaghul, as well as raw apples and pears, have a limited impact on constipation and pain. Osmotic laxatives are effective on constipation. Symptomatic treatments for constipation can sometimes aggravate abdominal discomfort; (7) Loperamide has been poorly assessed in patients with recurrent irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea. It modestly slows bowel movement but does not relieve pain or abdominal discomfort; (8) Dietary measures have not been tested in comparative trials. Some patients are convinced that certain foods provoke a recurrence of irritable bowel syndrome, but restrictive diets carry a risk of nutritional deficiencies; (9) Various techniques intended to control emotional and psychological disturbances have been proposed, including relaxation, biofeedback, hypnosis, and psychotherapy. The results of clinical trials are not convincing; (10) Oral products containing live bacteria, designed to change the equilibrium of intestinal flora, have been tested in 13 placebo-controlled trials, with inconsistent results. A few cases of septicaemia have been reported; (11) The six available trials of acupuncture (versus sham acupuncture) showed no more than a placebo effect; (12) In practice, patients who have recurrent irritable bowel syndrome but with no other signs of a condition warranting specific treatment should be reassured as to the harmless nature of their disorder if a careful physical examination and basic laboratory tests are negative. The only available treatments have purely symptomatic effects and only limited efficacy. It is best to avoid using all treatments and additional diagnostic investigations that carry a risk of disproportionate adverse effects. PMID:19585728

  18. Intra-articularly applied pulsed radiofrequency can reduce chronic knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Haktan Karaman; Adnan Tüfek; Gönül Ölmez Kavak; Zeynep Baysal Yildirim; Ersin Uysal; Feyzi Çelik; Sedat Kaya

    2011-01-01

    BackgroundOsteoarthritis (OA) is the most widespread chronic joint disease worldwide. Symptomatic knee OA is observed in approximately 12% of individuals more than 60 years of age. Conservative treatments models may not be effective always, and that some of them have serious adverse effects that prompted the researchers to research different treatment methods. In this study, we investigated short- and mid-term

  19. Effectiveness of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Patients with Acute and Chronic Cochlear Disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. J. Kau; K. Sendtner-Gress; U. Ganzer; W. Arnold

    1997-01-01

    Over the course of 18 months 359 patients with defined acute and chronic inner ear disorders who had not responded to treatment with medication were given hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy. The inner ear diseases of the patients were divided, based on the duration of their conditions, into four symptomatic groups. Of the patients who had had hearing loss for less

  20. Medical therapies for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: an evolving treatment paradigm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Bresser; Joanna Pepke-Zaba; Xavier Jais; Marc Humbert; Marius M. Hoeper

    2006-01-01

    Pulmonaryendarterectomy(PEA)isrecommendedasthetreatment of choice for eligible patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmo- nary hypertension (CTEPH). However, only a proportion of patients fulfill the criteria for surgical intervention. In addition, operated patients with CTEPH may experience a gradual hemodynamic and symptomatic decline related to a secondary hypertensive arteriopa- thy in the small precapillary pulmonary vessels. It has also been questioned what can be

  1. Chronic Fatigue in a Population-Based Study of Gulf War Veterans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda A. McCauley; Sandra K. Joos; Andre Barkhuizen; Tomas Shuell; Wesley A. Tyree; Dennis N. Bourdette

    2002-01-01

    Fatigue has been associated with illness in veterans of the Gulf War; however, few studies have confirmed self-reported fatigue by using clinical evaluation, and symptomatic veterans have not been evaluated with established criteria for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). The authors describe the frequency and clinical characteristics of CFS in a sample of veterans residing in the northwestern United States. The

  2. Chronic Bronchitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... More About Us Newsroom Departments & Divisions Locations & Directions Who We Are Connect With Us Contact Us More Chronic Bronchitis ... Information Pediatric Conditions Healthy Lifestyle More About Us Who We Are Newsroom Network of Locations More eNewsletters and More © ...

  3. Chronic Meningitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... not infections can cause chronic meningitis. They include sarcoidosis and certain disorders that cause inflammation, such as ... For disorders that are not infections, such as sarcoidosis and Behçet syndrome: Corticosteroids or other drugs that ...

  4. Unusual symptomatic inclusion cysts in a newborn: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Dental lamina cysts are cysts that occur as white or pink small nodules, often multiple, approximately 1 to 3mm in diameter. They are typically located on the midpalatine raphe and less frequently on the maxillary and mandibular alveolar mucosa; in the latter case these can be appear to be neonatal teeth. On microscopic examination, these lesions show a stratified squamous epithelium (two to three cell layers); it is possible to find protein, keratin and/or exfoliated epithelial cells in the lumen of the lesions. Neonatal cysts usually show no particular symptoms. They are associated with an excellent prognosis because they regress spontaneously within a few weeks and are not associated to any complications. However, if pain, bleeding or other symptoms occur, a surgical excision is required. Case presentation In this paper, we present an anomalous case of symptomatic dental lamina cyst which affected a 60-day-old male Caucasian newborn. The surgical treatment was elective in this case and 6-month follow-ups were mandatory. Conclusions We can underline the successful predictability of the surgical approach; however, we consider that the treatment choice should take place in the light of medical history and clinical considerations, and always be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Further studies and reviews in this field should be performed in order to suggest guidelines for clinicians, although these cases are rare. PMID:25241967

  5. Symptomatic and essential palatal tremor. 3. Abnormal motor learning.

    PubMed Central

    Deuschl, G; Toro, C; Valls-Solé, J; Hallett, M

    1996-01-01

    BACKGROUND--Palatal tremor is divided into symptomatic palatal tremor (SPT) and essential palatal tremor (EPT) on the basis of clinical features. The inferior olive seems to be abnormal in SPT, but not EPT. Because the inferior olive is likely to be involved in several types of motor learning, it is hypothesised that motor learning would be abnormal in patients with SPT, but not those with EPT. METHODS--In six patients with SPT and four patients with EPT, two motor learning paradigms were studied--the classical conditioning of an acoustically elicited eyeblink with electrical supraorbital nerve shock and a test of adaptation of ballistic arm movements to a change of the gain. RESULTS--Classical conditioning was impaired unilaterally or bilaterally in the patients with SPT, depending on whether they had unilateral or bilateral abnormalities of the inferior olives, except for the two least affected patients. All but one of the patients with EPT had normal conditioning. On the adaptation test of arm movements, most of the patients with SPT had impaired learning of the arm contralateral to the hypertrophied inferior olive, regardless of whether the abnormality was unilateral or bilateral, but all patients with EPT had normal results. CONCLUSIONS--In SPT pseudohypertrophy of the inferior olive leads to defective cerebellar function, whereas in EPT the inferior olive functions normally. Images PMID:8778256

  6. Clinical Presentation of Patients with Symptomatic Anterior Hip Impingement

    PubMed Central

    Knaus, Evan R.; Hunt, Devyani M.; Lesher, John M.; Harris-Hayes, Marcie; Prather, Heidi

    2009-01-01

    Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is considered a cause of labrochondral disease and secondary osteoarthritis. Nevertheless, the clinical syndrome associated with FAI is not fully characterized. We determined the clinical history, functional status, activity status, and physical examination findings that characterize FAI. We prospectively evaluated 51 patients (52 hips) with symptomatic FAI. Evaluation of the clinical history, physical exam, and previous treatments was performed. Patients completed demographic and validated hip questionnaires (Baecke et al., SF-12, Modified Harris hip, and UCLA activity score). The average patient age was 35 years and 57% were male. Symptom onset was commonly insidious (65%) and activity-related. Pain occurred predominantly in the groin (83%). The mean time from symptom onset to definitive diagnosis was 3.1 years. Patients were evaluated by an average 4.2 healthcare providers prior to diagnosis and inaccurate diagnoses were common. Thirteen percent had unsuccessful surgery at another anatomic site. On exam, 88% of the hips were painful with the anterior impingement test. Hip flexion and internal rotation in flexion were limited to an average 97° and 9°, respectively. The patients were relatively active, yet demonstrated restrictions of function and overall health. These data may facilitate diagnosis of this disorder. Level of Evidence: Level II, diagnostic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:19130160

  7. Clinical presentation of patients with symptomatic anterior hip impingement.

    PubMed

    Clohisy, John C; Knaus, Evan R; Hunt, Devyani M; Lesher, John M; Harris-Hayes, Marcie; Prather, Heidi

    2009-03-01

    Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is considered a cause of labrochondral disease and secondary osteoarthritis. Nevertheless, the clinical syndrome associated with FAI is not fully characterized. We determined the clinical history, functional status, activity status, and physical examination findings that characterize FAI. We prospectively evaluated 51 patients (52 hips) with symptomatic FAI. Evaluation of the clinical history, physical exam, and previous treatments was performed. Patients completed demographic and validated hip questionnaires (Baecke et al., SF-12, Modified Harris hip, and UCLA activity score). The average patient age was 35 years and 57% were male. Symptom onset was commonly insidious (65%) and activity-related. Pain occurred predominantly in the groin (83%). The mean time from symptom onset to definitive diagnosis was 3.1 years. Patients were evaluated by an average 4.2 healthcare providers prior to diagnosis and inaccurate diagnoses were common. Thirteen percent had unsuccessful surgery at another anatomic site. On exam, 88% of the hips were painful with the anterior impingement test. Hip flexion and internal rotation in flexion were limited to an average 97 degrees and 9 degrees, respectively. The patients were relatively active, yet demonstrated restrictions of function and overall health. These data may facilitate diagnosis of this disorder. PMID:19130160

  8. Stenting for symptomatic vertebral artery stenosis associated with bilateral carotid rete mirabile: the long-term clinical and angiographic outcome.

    PubMed

    Baek, Jang Hyun; Kim, Byung Moon

    2015-01-01

    Symptomatic vertebral artery (VA) stenosis associated with bilateral carotid rete mirabile (CRM) has not been reported. We report the long-term clinical and angiographic outcome after stenting for symptomatic VA stenosis in the patient with bilateral CRM. This report is the first case that symptomatic VA stenosis associated with bilateral CRM was treated with stenting. PMID:25995701

  9. Stenting for Symptomatic Vertebral Artery Stenosis Associated with Bilateral Carotid Rete Mirabile: The Long-Term Clinical and Angiographic Outcome

    PubMed Central

    Baek, Jang Hyun

    2015-01-01

    Symptomatic vertebral artery (VA) stenosis associated with bilateral carotid rete mirabile (CRM) has not been reported. We report the long-term clinical and angiographic outcome after stenting for symptomatic VA stenosis in the patient with bilateral CRM. This report is the first case that symptomatic VA stenosis associated with bilateral CRM was treated with stenting. PMID:25995701

  10. Two cases of symptomatic perineural cysts (tarlov cysts) in one family: a case report.

    PubMed

    Park, Hyun Jun; Kim, Il Sup; Lee, Sang Won; Son, Byung Chul

    2008-09-01

    Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiologies of perineural cysts, but the accurate etiologies remain unclear. We experienced two cases of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts (Tarlov cysts) in one family, who presented with perianal paresthesia. Both of them were operated and postoperatively their symptoms were disappeared immediately. We experienced the excellent treatment outcome with the surgical management of symptomatic perineural cysts in the sacral region. We assume that the theory of congenital origin including a familial tendency is the most plausible of the hypotheses that have been proposed. PMID:19096672

  11. Two Cases of Symptomatic Perineural Cysts (Tarlov Cysts) in One Family: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Park, Hyun Jun; Lee, Sang Won; Son, Byung Chul

    2008-01-01

    Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiologies of perineural cysts, but the accurate etiologies remain unclear. We experienced two cases of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts (Tarlov cysts) in one family, who presented with perianal paresthesia. Both of them were operated and postoperatively their symptoms were disappeared immediately. We experienced the excellent treatment outcome with the surgical management of symptomatic perineural cysts in the sacral region. We assume that the theory of congenital origin including a familial tendency is the most plausible of the hypotheses that have been proposed. PMID:19096672

  12. Cognitive impairment in patients with symptomatic carotid artery occlusion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. C. Bakker

    2003-01-01

    Background\\u000aAlthough transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) by definition do not cause neurologic deficits, cognitive impairment has been suggested in patients with carotid artery disease (CAD) and ipsilateral TIAs. The cause of this impairment has not been elucidated yet. Thrombo-embolism, but also chronic cerebral hypoperfusion have been suggested to play a role. In this light, surgical interventions that improve the blood

  13. Current status of endotherapy for chronic pancreatitis.

    PubMed

    Kwek, Andrew Boon Eu; Ang, Tiing Leong; Maydeo, Amit

    2014-12-01

    Chronic pancreatitis is associated with varied morphological complications, including intraductal stones, main pancreatic ductal strictures, distal biliary strictures and pseudocysts. Endoscopic therapy provides a less invasive alternative to surgery. In addition, extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy improves the success rate of endoscopic clearance of intraductal stones. However, recent data from randomised trials have shown better long-term outcomes with surgical drainage for obstructive pancreatic ductal disease. In patients with distal biliary strictures, stent insertion leads to good immediate drainage, but after stent removal, recurrent narrowing is common. Endoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts has excellent outcome and should be accompanied by pancreatic ductal stenting when a ductal communication is evident. In those who remain symptomatic, endoscopic ultrasonography-guided coeliac plexus block may provide effective but short-term pain relief. In this review, we present the current evidence for the role of endotherapy in the management of patients with chronic pancreatitis. PMID:25630314

  14. [Chronic hepatitis].

    PubMed

    Figueroa Barrios, R

    1995-01-01

    Medical literature about chronic hepatitis is reviewed. This unresolving disease caused by viruses, drugs or unknown factors may progress to in cirrhosis and hepatocarcinoma. A classification based on liver biopsy histology into chronic persistent and chronic active types has been largely abandoned and emphasis is placed on recognizing the etiology of the various types. One is associated with continuing hepatitis B virus infection; another is related to chronic hepatitis C virus infection and the third is termed autoinmune, because of the association with positive serum autoantibodies. A fourth type with similar clinical functional and morphologic features is found with some drug reactions. Long term corticoesteroid therapy is usually successful in autoinmune type. Associations between antibodies to liver-kidney microsomes and the hepatitis C virus can cause diagnostic difficulties. Antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis B and C with interpheron alfa is employed, controlling symptoms and abnormal biochemistry and the progression to cirrhosis and liver cancer in 30 to 40% patients. Alternative therapies or combinations with interpheron are being evaluated waiting for final results. PMID:8520023

  15. Chronic urticaria.

    PubMed Central

    Leznoff, A.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To review the pathophysiology of chronic urticaria in light of recent evidence for it being an autoimmune disease, and to recommend appropriate management. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: An extensive literature review was supplemented with a MEDLINE search. Articles from easily available journals were preferred. These consisted of the most recent basic articles on autoimmunity in relation to chronic urticaria and a selection of previous articles on pathophysiology, which illustrate consistencies with recent evidence. The investigation and management protocol is supported by original and relevant literature. MAIN FINDINGS: The histopathology and immunohistology of chronic urticaria and certain clinical studies were a prelude to definitive evidence that most instances of chronic urticaria are autoimmune. Although allergic and other causes are uncommon, these must be sought because identification can lead to cure or specific treatment. Management of the much more common autoimmune urticaria is based on principles derived from the demonstrated pathogenesis and on results of published clinical trials. CONCLUSIONS: In most instances, chronic urticaria is an autoimmune disease, but uncommon allergic or other causes must be considered. PMID:9805172

  16. Pre-symptomatic diagnosis and treatment of filovirus diseases.

    PubMed

    Shurtleff, Amy C; Whitehouse, Chris A; Ward, Michael D; Cazares, Lisa H; Bavari, Sina

    2015-01-01

    Filoviruses are virulent human pathogens which cause severe illness with high case fatality rates and for which there are no available FDA-approved vaccines or therapeutics. Diagnostic tools including antibody- and molecular-based assays, mass spectrometry, and next-generation sequencing are continually under development. Assays using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) have become the mainstay for the detection of filoviruses in outbreak settings. In many cases, real-time reverse transcriptase-PCR allows for the detection of filoviruses to be carried out with minimal manipulation and equipment and can provide results in less than 2 h. In cases of novel, highly diverse filoviruses, random-primed pyrosequencing approaches have proved useful. Ideally, diagnostic tests would allow for diagnosis of filovirus infection as early as possible after infection, either before symptoms begin, in the event of a known exposure or epidemiologic outbreak, or post-symptomatically. If tests could provide an early definitive diagnosis, then this information may be used to inform the choice of possible therapeutics. Several exciting new candidate therapeutics have been described recently; molecules that have therapeutic activity when administered to animal models of infection several days post-exposure, once signs of disease have begun. The latest data for candidate nucleoside analogs, small interfering RNA (siRNA) molecules, phosphorodiamidate (PMO) molecules, as well as antibody and blood-product therapeutics and therapeutic vaccines are discussed. For filovirus researchers and government agencies interested in making treatments available for a nation's defense as well as its general public, having the right diagnostic tools to identify filovirus infections, as well as a panel of available therapeutics for treatment when needed, is a high priority. Additional research in both areas is required for ultimate success, but significant progress is being made to reach these goals. PMID:25750638

  17. Prevalence of symptomatic congenital heart disease in Tibetan school children.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Jian-Yong; Tian, Hai-Tao; Zhu, Zhi-Ming; Li, Bin; Han, Ling; Jiang, Shi-Liang; Chen, Yu; Li, Dong-Tao; He, Jiang-Chun; Zhao, Zhe; Cao, Yi; Qiu, Yi-Gang; Li, Tian-Chang

    2013-11-01

    The prevalence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in Tibet has not been fully investigated. The aim of this study was to illustrate and compare the prevalence of symptomatic CHD and its major subtypes in Tibetan children at different altitudes. A total of 5,790 children from regions at altitudes of 3,500 to 4,100 m (group L) and 4,548 children from 4,200 to 4,900 m (group H) were compared for CHD prevalence. Group H had greater prevalence of total CHD (12.09 vs 4.32 per 1,000, p <0.001), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA, 7.70 vs 1.38 per 1,000, p <0.001), and atrial septal defect (ASD, 3.52 vs 2.25 per 1,000, p = 0.23) than group L. The differences were more remarkable in women (CHD, 18.63 vs 4.88 per 1,000, p <0.001; PDA, 11.53 vs 1.74 per 1,000, p <0.001; ASD, 5.32 vs 2.79 per 1,000, p = 0.15). No significant difference was observed in the prevalence of ventricular septal defect between the 2 groups (0.44 vs 0.35 per 1,000, p >0.05). The most common cardiac defect was ASD (52.0%) in group L compared with PDA (63.6%) in group H. In group L, women had slightly and insignificantly greater prevalence of total CHD, PDA, and ASD than men. In contrast, the prevalence was almost threefold greater in women than men in group H. In conclusion, the CHD prevalence and composition differed significantly between populations of school children living above and below 4,200 m. PMID:24012023

  18. Uterine artery embolisation for symptomatic fibroids: clinical results in 400 women with imaging follow up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. J. Walker; J. P. Pelage

    2002-01-01

    ObjectiveTo evaluate the mid-term efficacy and complications of uterine artery embolisation in women with symptomatic fibroids. To assess reduction in uterine and dominant fibroid volumes using ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging.

  19. Evaluating imaging biomarkers for neurodegeneration in pre-symptomatic Huntington's disease using machine learning techniques

    E-print Network

    Aron, Adam

    Evaluating imaging biomarkers for neurodegeneration in pre-symptomatic Huntington's disease using 27 April 2010 Accepted 30 April 2010 Available online xxxx Keywords: Huntington's disease Biomarker as biomarkers for neurodegenerative disease could prove extremely valuable for the assessment of neuroprotective

  20. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

    MedlinePLUS

    CML; Chronic myeloid leukemia; Chronic granulocytic leukemia; Leukemia - chronic granulocytic ... nuclear disaster. It takes many years to develop leukemia from radiation exposure. Most people treated for cancer ...

  1. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    MedlinePLUS

    ... airways disease; Chronic obstructive lung disease; Chronic bronchitis; Emphysema; Bronchitis - chronic ... a protein called alpha-1 antitrypsin can develop emphysema. Other risk factors for COPD are: Exposure to ...

  2. Lung function, airway remodelling and inflammation in symptomatic infants: outcome at 3 years

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristiina Malmström; Anna S Pelkonen; L Pekka Malmberg; Seppo Sarna; Harry Lindahl; Merja Kajosaari; Markku Turpeinen; Sejal Saglani; Andy Bush; Tari Haahtela; Peter K Jeffery; Mika J Mäkelä

    2011-01-01

    BackgroundRelationships between early deficits of lung function, infant airway pathology and outcome in symptomatic infants are unclear. A study was undertaken to determine the associations between early lung function, airway histology and inflammation in symptomatic infants with the continuance of respiratory symptoms, lung function and subsequent use of inhaled asthma medication at the age of 3 years.Methods53 children who underwent

  3. Gastrointestinal quality of life in patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic cholelithiasis before and after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Bülent Mentes; M. Akin; O. Irkörücü; A. Yildinm; I. Maral

    2001-01-01

      Background: There is an ongoing need, from both the medical and the economic perspective, for a more accurate definition of\\u000a the influence of symptomatic or asymptomatic gallstone disease on gastrointestinal symptomatology, as well as on the health\\u000a of the individual in general. Methods: Using the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI), 37 symptomatic and 30 asymptomatic\\u000a gallstone patients were evaluated

  4. Laparoscopic bipolar coagulation of uterine vessels: a new method for treating symptomatic fibroids

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei-Min Liu; Heung-Tat Ng; Yi-Cheng Wu; Yuan-Kuei Yen; Chiou-Chung Yuan

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effects of laparoscopic bipolar coagulation of uterine vessels in treating symptomatic fibroids.Design: Prospective clinical study.Setting: University-affiliated tertiary referral center.Patient(s): Eighty-seven women with symptomatic fibroids warranting surgical treatment and wanting to retain their uteri.Intervention(s): Laparoscopic bipolar coagulation of uterine arteries and anastomotic sites of uterine arteries with ovarian arteries.Main Outcome Measure(s): Percentage reduction in the dominant fibroid

  5. Long-term incidence of symptomatic urolithiasis post-bariatric surgery

    PubMed Central

    Haddad, Nicholas; Scheffler, Patrick; Elkoushy, Mohamed A.; Court, Olivier; Christou, Nicolas V.; Andersen, Ross E.; Andonian, Sero

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The risk of urolithiasis post-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is higher when compared to the general population. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation is routinely prescribed to these patients, yet compliance with these supplements is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of symptomatic de novo urolithiasis post-RYGB and compliance with calcium and vitamin D supplementation. Methods: A standardized telephone questionnaire was administered to patients who underwent RYGB between 1996 and 2011. Personal and medical histories were obtained with emphasis on episodes of symptomatic urolithiasis and calcium and vitamin D supplementation. Results: The response rate was 48% with 478 patients completing the telephone questionnaire. After a mean follow-up of 7.0 years (range: 1–15), the incidence of post-RYGB symptomatic urolithiasis was 7.3%, while the rate of de novo symptomatic urolithiasis was 5%. The overall median time to present with symptomatic urolithiasis was 3.1 years, with 3.3 years for de novo stone-formers, and 2.0 years for recurrent stone-formers (p = 0.38). In de novo stone-formers, 33% presented with symptomatic urolithiasis 4 to 14 years postoperatively. Compliance with calcium and vitamin D supplementation was 56% and 51%, respectively. Conclusions: Despite recall bias and lack of confirmatory imaging studies, a high postoperative incidence of symptomatic urolithiasis was found in a large sample of post-RYGB patients. A third of patients with de novo stones, presented with symptomatic urolithiasis 4 to 14 years postoperatively. Compliance with postoperative calcium and vitamin D supplementation was poor and needs improvement. PMID:25408808

  6. Management of Symptomatic BPH in France: Who Is Treated and How?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bertrand Lukacs

    1999-01-01

    Objective: To review the contemporary management of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in France. Methods: Information was obtained from published scientific articles, IMS market analysis data and community-based surveys among older men. Results: The prevalence of symptomatic BPH in France is relatively high. About 15–20% of men over 50–60 years of age report moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms

  7. Symptomatic asymmetry in the first six months of life: differential diagnosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacqueline Nuysink; Ingrid C. van Haastert; Tim Takken; Paul J. M. Helders

    2008-01-01

    Asymmetry in infancy is a clinical condition with a wide variation in appearances (shape, posture, and movement), etiology,\\u000a localization, and severity. The prevalence of an asymmetric positional preference is 12% of all newborns during the first\\u000a six months of life. The asymmetry is either idiopathic or symptomatic. Pediatricians and physiotherapists have to distinguish\\u000a symptomatic asymmetry (SA) from idiopathic asymmetry (IA) when

  8. Thiamine Deficiency Limits Glucose Utilization and Glial Proliferation in Brain Lesions of Symptomatic Rats

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank R. Sharp; Eric Bolger; Kathleen Evans; Sharp

    1982-01-01

    Summary: The effects of thiamine (B1 deficiency on local CMRglu (LMCRglu) in the vestibulär nuclei were studied with the 14C-2-deoxyglucose autoradio-graphic method in awake asymptomatic and symptomatic rats. Animals on the Brdeficient diet for 98 days developed Symptoms of ataxia and opisthotonos. The results show that B1 deficiency produces: (1) bilateral vestibulär nuclei lesions in symptomatic animals; (2) very low

  9. Unilateral total hip replacement patients with symptomatic leg length inequality have abnormal hip biomechanics during walking

    PubMed Central

    Li, Junyan; McWilliams, Anthony B.; Jin, Zhongmin; Fisher, John; Stone, Martin H.; Redmond, Anthony C.; Stewart, Todd D.

    2015-01-01

    Background Symptomatic leg length inequality accounts for 8.7% of total hip replacement related claims made against the UK National Health Service Litigation authority. It has not been established whether symptomatic leg length inequality patients following total hip replacement have abnormal hip kinetics during gait. Methods Hip kinetics in 15 unilateral total hip replacement patients with symptomatic leg length inequality during gait was determined through multibody dynamics and compared to 15 native hip healthy controls and 15 ‘successful’ asymptomatic unilateral total hip replacement patients. Finding More significant differences from normal were found in symptomatic leg length inequality patients than in asymptomatic total hip replacement patients. The leg length inequality patients had altered functions defined by lower gait velocity, reduced stride length, reduced ground reaction force, decreased hip range of motion, reduced hip moment and less dynamic hip force with a 24% lower heel-strike peak, 66% higher mid-stance trough and 37% lower toe-off peak. Greater asymmetry in hip contact force was also observed in leg length inequality patients. Interpretation These gait adaptions may affect the function of the implant and other healthy joints in symptomatic leg length inequality patients. This study provides important information for the musculoskeletal function and rehabilitation of symptomatic leg length inequality patients. PMID:25900447

  10. Widespread Hypermetabolism in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Episodes in Kleine-Levin Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Dauvilliers, Yves; Bayard, Sophie; Lopez, Régis; Comte, Frederic; Zanca, Michel; Peigneux, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    Background No reliable biomarkers are identified in KLS. However, few functional neuroimaging studies suggested hypoactivity in thalamic and hypothalamic regions during symptomatic episodes. Here, we investigated relative changes in regional brain metabolism in Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) during symptomatic episodes and asymptomatic periods, as compared to healthy controls. Methods Four drug-free male patients with typical KLS and 15 healthy controls were included. 18-F-fluorodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography (PET) was obtained in baseline condition in all participants, and during symptomatic episodes in KLS patients. All participants were asked to remain fully awake during the whole PET procedure. Results Between state-comparisons in KLS disclosed higher metabolism in paracentral, precentral, and postcentral areas, supplementary motor area, medial frontal gyrus, thalamus and putamen during symptomatic episodes, and decreased metabolism in occipital and temporal gyri. As compared to healthy control subjects, KLS patients in the asymptomatic phase consistently exhibited significant hypermetabolism in a wide cortical network including frontal and temporal cortices, posterior cingulate and precuneus, with no detected hypometabolism. In symptomatic KLS episodes, hypermetabolism was additionally found in orbital frontal and supplementary motor areas, insula and inferior parietal areas, and right caudate nucleus, and hypometabolism in the middle occipital gyrus and inferior parietal areas. Conclusion Our results demonstrated significant hypermetabolism and few hypometabolism in specific but widespread brain regions in drug-free KLS patients at baseline and during symptomatic episodes, highlighting the behavioral state-dependent nature of changes in regional brain activity in KLS. PMID:24699677

  11. Ear infection - chronic

    MedlinePLUS

    Middle ear infection - chronic; Otitis media - chronic; Chronic otitis media; Chronic ear infection ... Kerschner JE. Otitis media. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders ...

  12. Chronic Pancreatitis in Children

    MedlinePLUS

    Chronic Pancreatitis in Children What symptoms would my child have? Frequent or chronic abdominal pain is the most common ... will develop diabetes in adolescence. Who gets chronic pancreatitis? Those at risk for chronic pancreatitis are children ...

  13. Chronic pain - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Pain - resources; Resources - chronic pain ... The following organizations are good resources for information on chronic pain: American Chronic Pain Association - www.theacpa.org National Fibromyalgia and Chronic Pain Association - www.fmcpaware.org ...

  14. Chronic motor tic disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Chronic vocal tic disorder; Tic - chronic motor tic disorder ... Chronic motor tic disorder is more common than Tourette syndrome . Chronic tics may be forms of Tourette syndrome. Tics usually start ...

  15. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... www.kidneyfund.org > Kidney Disease > Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) An estimated 31 million people in the United ... living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). What is CKD? The term “chronic kidney disease” (CKD) means lasting ...

  16. Symptomatic atypical femoral fractures are related to underlying hip geometry.

    PubMed

    Taormina, David P; Marcano, Alejandro I; Karia, Raj; Egol, Kenneth A; Tejwani, Nirmal C

    2014-06-01

    The benefits of bisphosphonates are well documented, but prolonged use has been associated with atypical femur fractures. Radiographic markers for fracture predisposition could potentially aid in safer medication use. In this case-control designed study, we compared hip radiographic parameters and the demographic characteristics of chronic bisphosphonate users who sustained an atypical femoral fracture with a group of chronic bisphosphonate users who did not sustain an atypical femur fracture and also a group who sustained an intertrochanteric hip fracture. Radiographic parameters included were neck-shaft angle (NSA), hip-axis length (HAL) and center-edge angle (CE). Multivariate regression was used to evaluate the relationship between radiographic measures and femur fracture. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis determined cut-off points for neck-shaft angle and risk of atypical femur fracture. Ultimately, pre-fracture radiographs of 53 bisphosphonate users who developed atypical fracture were compared with 43 asymptomatic chronic bisphosphonate users and 64 intertrochanteric fracture patients. Duration of bisphosphonate use did not statistically differ between users sustaining atypical fracture and those without fracture (7.9 [±3.5] vs. 7.7 [±3.3] years, p=0.7). Bisphosphonate users who fractured had acute/varus pre-fracture neck-shaft angles (p<0.001), shorter hip-axis length (p<0.01), and narrower center-edge angles (p<0.01). Regression analysis revealed associations between neck-shaft angle (OR=0.89 [95% CI=0.81-0.97; p=0.01), center edge angle (OR=0.89 [95% CI=0.80-0.99]; p=0.03), and BMI (OR=1.15 [95% CI=1.02-1.31; p=0.03) with fracture development. ROC curve analysis (AUC=0.67 [95% CI=0.56-0.79]) determined that a cut-off point for neck-shaft angle <128.3° yielded 69% sensitivity and 63% specificity for development of atypical femoral fracture. Ultimately, an acute/varus angle of the femoral neck, high BMI, and narrow center-edge angle were associated with development of atypical femur fracture in long-term bisphosphonate users. Patients on long-term bisphosphonates should be regularly radiographically evaluated in order to assess for potential risk of atypical fracture. PMID:24565751

  17. Asymptomatic HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment increases risk for symptomatic decline

    PubMed Central

    Franklin, Donald R.; Deutsch, Reena; Woods, Steven P.; Vaida, Florin; Ellis, Ronald J.; Letendre, Scott L.; Marcotte, Thomas D.; Atkinson, J.H.; Collier, Ann C.; Marra, Christina M.; Clifford, David B.; Gelman, Benjamin B.; McArthur, Justin C.; Morgello, Susan; Simpson, David M.; McCutchan, John A.; Abramson, Ian; Gamst, Anthony; Fennema-Notestine, Christine; Smith, Davey M.; Heaton, Robert K.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: While HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain prevalent despite combination antiretroviral therapy (CART), the clinical relevance of asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI), the most common HAND diagnosis, remains unclear. We investigated whether HIV-infected persons with ANI were more likely than those who were neurocognitively normal (NCN) to experience a decline in everyday functioning (symptomatic decline). Methods: A total of 347 human participants from the CNS HIV Anti-Retroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) cohort were NCN (n = 226) or had ANI (n = 121) at baseline. Neurocognitive assessments occurred approximately every 6 months, with median (interquartile range) follow-up of 45.2 (28.7–63.7) months. Symptomatic decline was based on self-report (SR) or objective, performance-based (PB) problems in everyday functioning. Proportional hazards modeling was used to generate risk ratios for progression to symptomatic HAND after adjusting for baseline and time-dependent covariates, including CD4+ T-lymphocyte count (CD4), virologic suppression, CART, and mood. Results: The ANI group had a shorter time to symptomatic HAND than the NCN after adjusting for baseline predictors: adjusted risk ratios for symptomatic HAND were 2.0 (confidence interval [CI] 1.1–3.6; p = 0.02) for SR, 5.8 (CI 3.2–10.7; p < 0.0001) for PB, and 3.2 (CI 2.0–5.0; p < 0.0001) for either SR or PB. Current CD4 and depression were significant time-dependent covariates, but antiretroviral regimen, virologic suppression, and substance abuse or dependence were not. Conclusions: This longitudinal study demonstrates that ANI conveys a 2-fold to 6-fold increase in risk for earlier development of symptomatic HAND, supporting the prognostic value of the ANI diagnosis in clinical settings. Identifying those at highest risk for symptomatic decline may offer an opportunity to modify treatment to delay progression. PMID:24814848

  18. Radiographic features of esophageal involvement in chronic graft-vs. -host disease

    SciTech Connect

    McDonald, G.B.; Sullivan, K.M.; Plumley, T.F.

    1984-03-01

    Chronic graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD) is an important late complication of allogeneic bone-marrow transplantation. It resembles several naturally occurring autoimmune diseases and involves the skin, mouth, eyes, liver, and esophagus. The radiographic findings of 14 symptomatic patients with chronic GVHD involving the esophagus were reviewed and found to include webs, ringlike narrowings, and tapering strictures in the mid and upper esophagus. Esophagoscopy revealed characteristic desquamation in the 13 patients studied, but barium studies detected this lesion in only one patient. Knowledge of the site and characteristics of esophageal involvement with chronic GVHD assists the radiologic evaluation of this disorder.

  19. Managing acute and chronic pancreatitis.

    PubMed

    Skipworth, James R A; Shankar, Arjun; Pereira, Stephen P

    2010-10-01

    Pancreatitis may be acute or chronic. Although both can be caused by similar aetiologies, they tend to follow distinct natural histories. Around 80% of acute pancreatitis (AP) diagnoses occur secondary to gallstone disease and alcohol misuse. AP is commonly associated with sudden onset of upper abdominal pain radiating to the back that is usually severe enough to warrant the patient seeking urgent medical attention. Onset of pain may be related to a recent alcohol binge or rich, fatty meal. The patient may appear unwell, be tachycardic and have exquisite tenderness in the upper abdomen. Overall, 10-25% of AP episodes are classified as severe, leading to an associated mortality rate of 7.5%. Disease severity is best predicted from a number of clinical scoring systems which can be applied at diagnosis in association with repeated clinical assessment, measurement of acute inflammatory markers, and CT. All patients with suspected AP should be referred urgently. Chronic pancreatitis (CP) follows continued, repetitive or sustained injury to the pancreas and 70% of diagnoses occur secondary to alcohol abuse. The characteristic presenting feature of CP is insidious progression of chronic, severe, upper abdominal pain, radiating to the back, caused by a combination of progressive pancreatic destruction, inflammation and duct obstruction. Signs and symptoms include weight loss and steatorrhoea and later on diabetes. CP patients may also present with recurrent episodes mimicking AP, both symptomatically and metabolically. Diagnosis of CP should be based on symptom profile, imaging and assessment of exocrine and endocrine pancreatic function. CT should be the first-line imaging investigation. PMID:21141249

  20. Chronic urticaria.

    PubMed Central

    Burrall, B. A.; Halpern, G. M.; Huntley, A. C.

    1990-01-01

    Urticaria affects 15% to 20% of the population once or more during a lifetime. Chronic urticaria is a frequent recurrent eruption over a period greater than 6 weeks; the cause remains a mystery in more than 75% of cases. Urticaria and angioedema may be produced by immunologic or nonimmunologic means. Urticarial vasculitis, contact urticaria, mastocytosis, physical urticarias, dermatographism, cholinergic urticaria, localized heat urticaria, cold urticaria, aquagenic urticaria, and vibratory angioedema all require specific evaluation and treatment. Chronic idiopathic urticaria is usually controlled by antihistamines; depending on the circadian rhythm of the eruption, sedative or nonsedative antihistamines are prescribed. Some patients will require a combination of H1 and H2 antagonists, or even parenteral corticosteroids. PMID:1970697

  1. Chronic Diseases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon R. Schatz

    Although diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and human immunodeficiency virus infection are three separate entities,\\u000a each has causal and non-causal risk factors that are common in the stage 5 chronic kidney disease population. The medical\\u000a nutrition therapies are similar, which emphasize adequate protein and energy intakes, fluid control, and possibly carbohydrate\\u000a and fat modifications. Each patient requires an individualized evaluation, taking

  2. Sexual behaviour and condom use among individuals with a history of symptomatic genital herpes

    PubMed Central

    Rana, R K; Pimenta, J M; Rosenberg, D M; Warren, T; Sekhin, S; Cook, S F; Robinson, N J

    2006-01-01

    Objectives This study describes the differences in sexual behaviour in individuals with genital herpes (GH) during “symptomatic” and “asymptomatic” periods of the disease. Methods A cross sectional questionnaire was undertaken by 1193 individuals attending clinics between 1998 and 2001. All participants in this analysis were in heterosexual, monogamous partnerships, self identified with a history of symptomatic GH and with confirmed HSV?2 infection. Results Sexual activity reported during asymptomatic v symptomatic periods of GH was 98% v 40% (p<0.001), 76% v 29% (p<0.001), and 25% v 11% (p<0.001) for vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse, respectively, while “always” condom use during asymptomatic and symptomatic periods was 20% v 35% (p<0.001), 2% v 7% (p<0.001), and 10% v 15% (p?=?0.131), respectively. The proportion of individuals who either abstained from vaginal intercourse or “always” used condoms was 21% v 74% (p<0.001), for asymptomatic v symptomatic periods. Multivariable analyses indicated that factors associated with engaging in intercourse during symptomatic periods of GH included current intrauterine device use (adjusted odds ratio (aOR)?=?2.96, 95% confidence interval (CI)?=?1.46 to 6.02); living in Latin America (aOR?=?2.16, CI?=?1.19 to 3.91) or Europe (aOR?=?1.67, CI?=?1.21 to 2.28), compared with North America; previous sexually transmitted disease (aOR?=?1.42, CI?=?1.08 to 1.89); a higher number of sexual acts per month (aOR?=?1.09, CI?=?1.06 to 1.11); and a higher number of GH recurrences per year (aOR?=?1.08, CI?=?1.03 to 1.12). Conclusions These data indicate that the majority of people with GH either abstained from intercourse or “always” used condoms during symptomatic periods of GH. However, condom use was relatively low during asymptomatic periods in comparison with symptomatic periods. These results highlight that further education on GH prevention is warranted, particularly for symptomatic periods. PMID:16461610

  3. Dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in chronic Achilles tendinosis

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Chronic Achilles tendinosis is a common problem. When evaluating and comparing different therapies there is a need for reliable imaging methods. Our aim was to evaluate if chronic Achilles tendinosis affects the dynamic contrast-enhancement in the tendon and its surroundings and if short-term eccentric calf-muscle training normalizes the dynamic contrast-enhancement. Methods 20 patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy were included. Median duration of symptoms was 31 months (range 6 to 120 months). Both Achilles tendons were examined with dynamic contrast enhanced MRI before and after a 12- week exercise programme of eccentric calf-muscle training. The dynamic MRI was evaluated in tendon, vessel and in fat ventrally of tendon. Area under the curve (AUC), time to peak of signal, signal increase per second (SI/s) and increase in signal between start and peak as a percentage (SI%) was calculated. Pain and performance were evaluated using a questionnaire. Results In the fat ventrally of the tendon, dynamic contrast enhancement was significantly higher in the symptomatic leg compared to the contralateral non-symptomatic leg before but not after treatment. Despite decreased pain and improved performance there was no significant change of dynamic contrast enhancement in symptomatic tendons after treatment. Conclusion In Achilles tendinosis there is an increased contrast enhancement in the fat ventrally of the tendon. The lack of correlation with symptoms and the lack of significant changes in tendon contrast enhancement parameters do however indicate that dynamic enhanced MRI is currently not a useful method to evaluate chronic Achilles tendinosis. PMID:24261480

  4. Comparison of asymptomatic and symptomatic rhinovirus infections in university students: incidence, species diversity, and viral load.

    PubMed

    Granados, Andrea; Goodall, Emma C; Luinstra, Kathy; Smieja, Marek; Mahony, James

    2015-08-01

    Human rhinovirus (HRV) infections are common but poorly characterized in university students. Thus, we characterized asymptomatic and symptomatic HRV infections by incidence, species diversity, and viral load of 502 university students during September and October of 2010 and 2011 from nasal swabs and electronically submitted symptom questionnaires. We tested all symptomatic students and randomly sampled participants who remained asymptomatic (n=25/week, over 8weeks each study year) on a weekly basis by real-time PCR and sequenced HRV positives. HRV was identified in 33/400 (8.3%) and 85/92 (92.4%) of the asymptomatic and symptomatic students, respectively. We identified a higher than previously reported rate of HRV-B in both groups, although the distribution of HRV species was similar (P=0.37). Asymptomatic viral load averaged 1.2 log10 copies/mL lower than symptomatic HRV (P<0.001). In conclusion, asymptomatic HRV activity preceded peak symptomatic activity in September and October and was associated with lower viral load. PMID:25999242

  5. Activation of innate anti-viral immune response genes in symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Madigan, Allison A.; Sobek, Kathryn M.; Cummings, Jessica L.; Green, William R.; Bacich, Dean J.; O’Keefe, Denise S.

    2012-01-01

    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)is the most common urologic disease in men over age 50. Symptoms include acute urinary retention, urgency to urinate and nocturia. For patients with severe symptoms, surgical treatment is used to remove the affected tissue. Interestingly, the presence of histologic BPH does not always correlate with symptoms. The molecular basis of symptomatic BPH and how it differs from asymptomatic BPH is unknown. Investigation into the molecular players involved in symptomatic BPH will likely give insight into novel therapeutic, and potentially preventative, targets. We determined the expression of genes involved in the innate anti-viral immune response in tissues from patients undergoing surgery to alleviate the symptoms of BPH, and compared the results to prostate tissue with histologic BPH, but from patients with few urinary issues (asymptomatic BPH). We found that expression of CFI, APOBEC3G, OAS2, and IFIT1, four genes whose protein products are involved in the innate anti-viral immune response, were significantly transcriptionally upregulated in symptomatic BPH. Additionally we observe hypomethylation and concomitant expression of ancient retroviral-like sequences, the LINE-1 retrotransposons, in symptomatic BPH when compared to normal prostate tissue. These findings merit further investigation into the anti-viral immune response in symptomatic BPH. PMID:22952051

  6. Activation of innate anti-viral immune response genes in symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Madigan, A A; Sobek, K M; Cummings, J L; Green, W R; Bacich, D J; O'Keefe, D S

    2012-10-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common urologic disease in men over age 50. Symptoms include acute urinary retention, urgency to urinate and nocturia. For patients with severe symptoms, surgical treatment is used to remove the affected tissue. Interestingly, the presence of histologic BPH does not always correlate with symptoms. The molecular basis of symptomatic BPH and how it differs from asymptomatic BPH is unknown. Investigation into the molecular players involved in symptomatic BPH will likely give insight into novel therapeutic, and potentially preventative, targets. We determined the expression of genes involved in the innate anti-viral immune response in tissues from patients undergoing surgery to alleviate the symptoms of BPH, and compared the results with prostate tissue with histologic BPH, but from patients with few urinary issues (asymptomatic BPH). We found that expression of complement factor I, apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like protein 3G, oligoadenylate synthetase 2 and interferon-induced tetratricopeptide 1, four genes whose protein products are involved in the innate anti-viral immune response, was significantly transcriptionally upregulated in symptomatic BPH. Additionally, we observe hypomethylation and concomitant expression of ancient retroviral-like sequences, the long interspersed nuclear element 1 retrotransposons, in symptomatic BPH when compared with normal prostate tissue. These findings merit further investigation into the anti-viral immune response in symptomatic BPH. PMID:22952051

  7. Differences of blink-reflex abnormalities in patients suffering from idiopathic and symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia.

    PubMed

    Mikula, Ivan; Trkanjec, Zlatko; Negoveti?, Ruzica; Miskov, Snjezana; Demarin, Vida

    2005-06-01

    We investigated the brainstem blink reflex in patients suffering from idiopathic and symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia to establish possible dysfunction in the reflex cycle and determine eventual differences between the two disease types. The study included 35 patients with idiopathic disease and seven patients with symptomatic disease, their results compared with those of 50 normal controls. We stimulated the forehead afferents of the supraorbital nerve and recorded the response from both orbicularis oculi muscles. We tested latencies of bilateral late components (R2, R2'), irritative R3 component and the incidence of R3 component. The patients with idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia showed normal parameters of blink reflex, except for the greater incidence of R3 component. Patients with symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia showed prolonged latencies of R2, R2' and R3 components when stimulating the afflicted side, but no significant difference in incidence of R3 component compared with the control group. The results indicate that abnormalities of blink reflex are significantly different in the two groups of patients. The high incidence of R3 component seems to be typical of idiopathic disease, whereas the prolonged latencies of late reflex components after stimulation of the afflicted side seem to be typical for symptomatic disease. These results suggest that testing the blink reflex may prove a significant aid in distinguishing the idiopathic and symptomatic disease types. PMID:16053198

  8. Treatment failure in patients with chronic Blastocystis infection.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Tamalee; Ellis, John; Harkness, John; Marriott, Deborah; Stark, Damien

    2014-02-01

    This article reports long-term infection and treatment failure in 18 symptomatic individuals infected with Blastocystis spp. Patients were initially treated with either metronidazole, iodoquinol or triple combination therapy consisting of nitazoxanide, furazolidone and secnidazole. Following treatment, resolution of clinical symptoms did not occur and follow-up testing revealed ongoing infection with the same subtype. Patients then underwent secondary treatment with a variety of antimicrobial agents but remained symptomatic with Blastocystis spp. still present in faeces. Sequencing of the SSU rDNA was completed on all isolates and four subtypes were identified in this group: ST1, ST3, ST4 and ST5. This study highlights the lack of efficacy of several commonly used antimicrobial regimens in the treatment of Blastocystis and the chronic nature of some infections. It also demonstrates the need for further research into treatment options for Blastocystis infection. PMID:24243286

  9. Safety and Efficacy of Flecainide in the Treatment of Symptomatic Children With Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francisco Núñez; Ricardo Ruiz-Granell; Cecilia Martínez-Costa; Salvador Morell; Juan Brines

    2010-01-01

    Sudden cardiac death may occur in children with symptomatic and asymptomatic Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome (WPWS). Symptomatic\\u000a patients are usually treated with antiarrhythmic drugs until ablation of an accessory pathway (AP) could be performed. The\\u000a objective of this study was to review the safety and efficacy of flecainide in the treatment of children with symptomatic\\u000a WPWS. Twenty-two children (14 male) with WPWS

  10. Shunt malfunction presenting with symptomatic syringomyelia: Demonstrated on contrast ventriculogram

    PubMed Central

    Aniruddha, T. J; Pruthi, Nupur

    2014-01-01

    Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt malfunction commonly presents as raised intracranial pressure. Rarely, when the central canal of the spinal cord communicates with the 4th ventricle, shunt malfunction can present as an expanding syrinx. The diagnosis is often delayed, resulting in severe morbidity. Some of these patients undergo repeated syrinx surgeries without much benefits. We report a case of chronic tuberculous meningitis with shunt malfunction presenting as an expanding spinal canal syrinx and quadriparesis. Fourth ventricular communication with syrinx was demonstrated with the help of a contrast ventriculogram. After shunt revision, syrinx resolved completely and the patient made significant improvement in his neurological deficits. The present case illustrates that a historical and rarely used investigation like contrast ventriculogram aids in the diagnosis and management even in the current neurosurgical practice. All patients with late onset syrinx and a previous VP shunt need to be investigated for shunt malfunction before considering syrinx surgery. A simple shunt revision resolves the syrinx in such conditions and avoids more complex procedures like Foramen magnum decompression. Relevant literature has been reviewed; pathophysiology and management options have been discussed. PMID:25250067

  11. Spontaneous resolution of severe, symptomatic mesocolic panniculitis: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Mesenteric panniculitis is a rare chronic fibrosing inflammatory disease that typically affects the adipose tissue and mesentery of the small intestine but may also affect the mesosigmoid and the mesocolon. The pathology of this disease remains unclear despite association with some malignancies or inflammatory disorders. We report a case of mesocolic panniculitis and a literature review of its clinical presentation, imaging findings, associated conditions and treatment options. Case presentation A 64?year-old Caucasian man was admitted to the gastroenterology department for severe weakness, left lower quadrant abdominal pain, weight loss and diarrhoea. Physical examination revealed a palpable firm mass occupying the entire left part of the abdomen. Abdominal CT-scan showed fatty infiltration of the mesosigmoid and left mesocolic fat which was strongly suggestive of panniculitis. Laparoscopic surgery revealed an inflamed and edematous mesocolon and mesosigmoid; the sigmoid mucosa appeared petechial which was suggestive of venous ischemia. Histological examination of surgical biopsies revealed mesocolic panniculitis. Despite exhaustive investigation, no associated conditions were found and the cause was classified as idiopathic. Surprisingly, the patient clinically improved without therapeutic intervention other than supportive care. Conclusion Although mesenteric panniculitis is most often a radiographic diagnosis without clinical symptomatology, it can also present with significant general status alteration. We report a case of mesocolic panniculitis complicated by development of an inflammatory mass associated with ischemic colitis. Mesenteric panniculitis is a difficult diagnosis to make which typically requires histologic confirmation. The overall prognosis is good with supportive treatment. PMID:22672224

  12. Comparison between symptomatic treatment and lomustine supplementation in 71 dogs with intracranial, space-occupying lesions.

    PubMed

    Van Meervenne, S; Verhoeven, P S; de Vos, J; Gielen, I M V L; Polis, I; Van Ham, L M L

    2014-03-01

    Brain neoplasia is diagnosed in an increasing number of dogs. Consequently, there is a higher need for an effective treatment. Chemotherapy is considered in cases where surgery or radiation is not optional. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the difference in median survival time (MST) of dogs with intracranial masses, treated symptomatically with corticosteroids and anti-epileptic drugs, compared with the same symptomatic treatment supplemented with lomustine. The records of 71 dogs with intracranial masses were retrospectively evaluated. Fifteen dogs were treated symptomatically with corticosteroids and anti-epileptics, and 56 dogs received additional therapy with lomustine. There was no statistically significant difference in MST between both groups, being 60 and 93?days, respectively. Age, duration of symptoms, intracranial localization of the mass and intra- or extra-axial localization had no influence on survival time. However, female dogs survived significantly longer than male dogs. PMID:22738696

  13. Thiamine deficiency limits glucose utilization and glial proliferation in brain lesions of symptomatic rats.

    PubMed

    Sharp, F R; Bolger, E; Evans, K

    1982-01-01

    The effects of thiamine (B1) deficiency on local CMRglu (LMCRglu) in the vestibular nuclei were studied with the 14C-2-deoxyglucose autoradiographic method in awake asymptomatic and symptomatic rats. Animals on the B1-deficient diet for 98 days developed symptoms of ataxia and opisthotonos. The results show that B1 deficiency produces: (1) bilateral vestibular nuclei lesions in symptomatic animals; (2) very low LCMRglu rates in these lesions; and (3) limitation of glial proliferation in the lesions. Giving B1 to B1-deficient symptomatic animals produced a cellular proliferation response consisting mostly of microglia in the lesioned areas of the vestibular nuclei and a high LCMRglu rate in the regions of microglial proliferation. PMID:7076732

  14. Midterm Clinical Results and Patient Satisfaction After Uterine Artery Embolization in Women with Symptomatic Uterine Fibroids

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Albert J. Smeets; Paul N. M. Lohle; Harry A. M. Vervest; P. Focco Boekkooi; Leo E. H. Lampmann

    2006-01-01

    Purpose  To evaluate the mid-term clinical results and patient satisfaction following uterine artery embolization (UAE) in women with\\u000a symptomatic fibroids.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Between August 1998 and December 2002, 135 patients had UAE for symptomatic uterine fibroids. All patients were asked to fill\\u000a in a questionnaire. Questions were aimed at changes in bleeding, pain, and bulk-related symptoms. Symptoms after UAE were\\u000a scored as disappeared,

  15. Symptomatic Trichomonas vaginalis infection in the setting of severe nitroimidazole allergy: successful treatment with boric acid.

    PubMed

    Muzny, Christina; Barnes, Arti; Mena, Leandro

    2012-09-01

    This report describes a patient with symptomatic Trichomonas vaginalis infection who was unable to tolerate nitroimidazole drugs because of severe hypersensitivity, for which desensitisation was not possible. Use of intravaginal clotrimazole, intravaginal paromomycin, intravaginal furazolidone, povidone-iodine douches, and oral nitazoxanide were unsuccessful in eradicating the patient's T. vaginalis infection. A 2-month course of intravaginal topical boric acid subsequently achieved a complete symptomatic cure and the patient remained T. vaginalis wet prep- and culture-negative 60 days after treatment. PMID:22877600

  16. Multislice computed tomography for determination of coronary artery disease in a symptomatic patient population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Becker; Alexander Leber; Carl W. White; Christoph Becker; Maximilian F. Reiser; Andreas Knez

    2007-01-01

    Background  Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) has started to replace Electron beam CT for quantitation of coronary artery calcium.\\u000a However no study has evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of MSCT for prediction of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a symptomatic\\u000a patient population using the volume score.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods and Results  1347 symptomatic subjects (male = 803, mean age = 62 years) with suspected CAD underwent MSCT studies 1  2 days before the

  17. Symptomatic intercostal lung hernia secondary to sternal dehiscence surgery

    PubMed Central

    Çelik, Sezai; Aydemir, Cüneyt; Gürer, Onur; I??k, Ömer

    2013-01-01

    Patient: Male, 60 Final Diagnosis: Iatrogenic intercostal lung hernia Symptoms: — Medication: No medication Clinical Procedure: Surgically cerrected Specialty: Thoracic surgery Objective: Unusual clinical course Background: Iatrogenic intercostal lung hernia is a rare thoracic pathology. Injury of intercostal muscles and costocondral separation during median sternotomy and sternal dehiscence surgery are important factors in the development of hernia. We report for the first time a case of a 60-year-old man with acquired lung hernia after sternal dehiscence surgery, presenting as chest pain and exertional dyspnea. Case Report: A 60-year-old man presented with a 6-week history of progressive exertional dyspnea, particularly following vigorous coughing. Past medical history included slight chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and coronary artery bypass grafting surgery 8 weeks previously, using the left internal mammary artery for the left anterior descending artery via median sternotomy and sternal dehiscence by the Robicsek method. A chest X-ray showed intact sternal and parasternal wires, but the bilateral lung parenchyma appeared normal. A spiral computed tomography scan of the chest found intercostal herniation of the anterior segment of the left upper lobe. The lung hernia was repaired surgically to relieve exertional dyspnea and incarceration, and to improve respiratory function. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient recovered well. Conclusions: Intercostal lung hernia after median sternotomy and sternal dehiscence surgery is rare, and it has been previously reported on. Preventive techniques include gentle manipulation of the sternal retractor, avoidance of rib fractures, and using a protective method of intercostal arteries and nerves such as Sharma technique. Thoracic surgeons should be aware of this rare complication in sternal dehiscence surgery. PMID:23826467

  18. [Chronic rhinosinusitis].

    PubMed

    Cuevas, M; Zahnert, T

    2015-06-01

    Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease with a major impact on quality of life. Its etiology is multifactorial and the causal pathology is an inflammation and not an infection. The affected region is the nasal mucosa as well as the mucosa of the sinuses. The symptoms are nasal obstruction, nasal discharge (anterior/post nasal drip), facial pain or pressure and/or olfactory disorder for more than 12 weeks. Beside association to hereditary or systemic diseases, CRS can be divided in chronic local findings (e.?g. dental origin, muco- or pyocele, local mycosis, choanal polyp) and general CRS. The latter appears as CRS with nasal polyps or without nasal polyps. According to this, nasal endoscopy combined with investigation for the above mentioned symptoms is essential to diagnose CRS. In order to indicate and plan surgical treatment, CT-scans are necessary. Furthermore, diagnostic tools such as allergy tests, olfactory assessment, laboratory and microbiologic examination, biopsies and tests for aspirin hypersensitivity complete the diagnostic pathway of CRS. The therapeutic approach is local and if necessary oral application of steroids, nasal saline douche and oral long term antibiotics. If this conservative therapy leads to no effect, surgical treatment in terms of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has to be considered. PMID:26039039

  19. Educational session: managing chronic myeloid leukemia as a chronic disease.

    PubMed

    Hochhaus, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Elucidation of the pathogenesis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has transformed this disease from being invariably fatal to being the type of leukemia with the best prognosis. Median survival associated with CML is estimated at > 20 years. Nevertheless, blast crisis occurs at an incidence of 1%-2% per year, and once this has occurred, treatment options are limited and survival is short. Due to the overall therapeutic success, the prevalence of CML is gradually increasing. The optimal management of this disease includes access to modern therapies and standardized surveillance methods for all patients, which will certainly create challenges. Furthermore, all available TKIs show mild but frequent side effects that may require symptomatic therapy. Adherence to therapy is the key prerequisite for efficacy of the drugs and for long-term success. Comprehensive information on the nature of the disease and the need for the continuous treatment using the appropriate dosages and timely information on efficacy data are key factors for optimal compliance. Standardized laboratory methods are required to provide optimal surveillance according to current recommendations. CML occurs in all age groups. Despite a median age of 55-60 years, particular challenges are the management of the disease in children, young women with the wish to get pregnant, and older patients. The main challenges in the long-term management of CML patients are discussed in this review. PMID:22160024

  20. Chronic pancreatitis.

    PubMed

    Braganza, Joan M; Lee, Stephen H; McCloy, Rory F; McMahon, Michael J

    2011-04-01

    Chronic pancreatitis is a progressive fibroinflammatory disease that exists in large-duct (often with intraductal calculi) or small-duct form. In many patients this disease results from a complex mix of environmental (eg, alcohol, cigarettes, and occupational chemicals) and genetic factors (eg, mutation in a trypsin-controlling gene or the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator); a few patients have hereditary or autoimmune disease. Pain in the form of recurrent attacks of pancreatitis (representing paralysis of apical exocytosis in acinar cells) or constant and disabling pain is usually the main symptom. Management of the pain is mainly empirical, involving potent analgesics, duct drainage by endoscopic or surgical means, and partial or total pancreatectomy. However, steroids rapidly reduce symptoms in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis, and micronutrient therapy to correct electrophilic stress is emerging as a promising treatment in the other patients. Steatorrhoea, diabetes, local complications, and psychosocial issues associated with the disease are additional therapeutic challenges. PMID:21397320

  1. Chronic Sinusitis

    PubMed Central

    Steinberg, Johannes; Modi, Pradip

    1990-01-01

    Paranasal sinuses, which communicate with the nasal passages through the sinus ostia, are essentially sterile structures, sterility being maintained by a healthy epithelium with normal actively beating cilia. Irritants, including viruses and bacteria, are trapped in mucus and cilia to allow the clearance of sinuses through the natural ostia into the nasal cavity. Interference with this normal physiological function results in inflammation and infection within the sinus cavities. All of the sinuses are subjected to the same environmental as well as physiological stimuli; thus it is uncommon for a single sinus to be infected and for the others to remain entirely normal. Allergic and non-allergic vasomotor rhinitis should be differentiated from chronic bacterial rhinosinusitis. The understanding of these diseases cannot be separated from the physiological function of the sinus mucosa. PMID:21234027

  2. Endoscopic Gallbladder Stent Placement for Treatment of Symptomatic Cholelithiasis in Patients with End-Stage Liver Disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christine Schlenker; James F. Trotter; Raj J. Shah; Greg Everson; Yang K. Chen; Daphne Antillon; Mainor R. Antillon

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVES:Symptomatic cholelithiasis is a common disease in the general population with an increased prevalence in patients with cirrhosis. While cholecystectomy is the procedure of choice for the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis, cirrhotics have an increased risk of complications associated with this therapy. We have found that placement of an endoscopic gallbladder stent is an alternative, less invasive treatment for cirrhotic

  3. Uterine Artery Embolization in the Treatment of Symptomatic Uterine Fibroid Tumors (EMMY Trial): Periprocedural Results and Complications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicole A. Volkers; Wouter J. K. Hehenkamp; Erwin Birnie; Cees de Vries; Cor Holt; Willem M. Ankum; Jim A. Reekers

    2006-01-01

    PURPOSE: Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is an emerging treatment for symptomatic uterine fibroid tumors. This study was performed to evaluate the periprocedural results of the UAE procedure and identify risk factors for technical failure, fever after UAE, pain, and other complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of a multicenter, randomized trial to compare UAE versus hysterectomy in patients with symptomatic

  4. Does delay in diagnosing colorectal cancer in symptomatic patients affect tumor stage and survival? A population-based observational study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jochim S Terhaar sive Droste; Frank A Oort; René WM van der Hulst; Veerle MH Coupé; Mike E Craanen; Gerrit A Meijer; Linde M Morsink; Otto Visser; Roy LJ van Wanrooij; Chris JJ Mulder

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Diagnosing colorectal cancer (CRC) at an early stage improves survival. To what extent any delay affects outcome once patients are symptomatic is still unclear. Our objectives were to evaluate the association between diagnostic delay and survival in symptomatic patients with early stage CRC and late stage CRC. METHODS: Prospective population-based observational study evaluating daily clinical practice in Northern Holland.

  5. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Two Patients with Symptomatic Cholelithiasis and Situs inversus totalis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Demetriades; D. Botsios; C. Dervenis; J. Evagelou; S. Agelopoulos; J. Dadoukis

    1999-01-01

    Background: Situs inversus viscerum is a rare condition with a genetic predisposition. We report 2 patients with situs inversus totalis and symptomatic cholelithiasis successfully treated via laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients and Methods: The first patient was a 61-year-old female presenting with pain in the left upper quadrant associated with fever, chills, nausea and vomiting. The abdomen was tender with guarding and

  6. Resistance of uropathogens in symptomatic urinary tract infections in León, Nicaragua

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. J Matute; E Hak; C. A. M Schurink; A McArthur; E Alonso; M Paniagua; E van Asbeck; A. M Roskott; F Froeling; M Rozenberg-Arska; I. M Hoepelman

    2004-01-01

    Management of urinary tract infections (UTI) in Central America and especially Nicaragua, is complicated by the lack of knowledge about the antibiotic resistance of uropathogens. We conducted a prevalence study to gain more insight into the aetiology, bacterial resistance and risk factors for symptomatic UTI in the region of León, Nicaragua. In 2002, all consecutive patients with UTI symptoms and

  7. Bird's Nest Filter Causing Symptomatic Hydronephrosis Following Transmural Penetration of the Inferior Vena Cava

    SciTech Connect

    Stacey, C.S., E-mail: cheika@doctors.org.uk; Manhire, A.R.; Rose, D.H.; Bishop, M.C. [Nottingham CityHospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG7 2UH, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2004-01-15

    We report a case of symptomatic hydronephrosis caused by transcaval penetration of a Bird's Nest filter. Perforation of the wall of the inferior vena cava (IVC) following insertion of a caval filter is a well-recognized complication. Whilst two cases of hydronephrosis have been described with Greenfield filters, no case involving a Bird's Nest filter has been reported previously.

  8. Intracranial Angioplasty without Stenting for Symptomatic Atherosclerotic Stenosis: Long-Term Follow-up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael P. Marks; Mary L. Marcellus; Huy M. Do; Pamela K. Schraedley-Desmond; Gary K. Steinberg; David C. Tong; Gregory W. Albers

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Angioplasty and stent placement have been reported for the treatment of intracranial stenosis. This study was undertaken to assess the efficacy and long-term clinical outcome of angioplasty without stent placement for patients with symptom- atic intracranial stenosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was done to evaluate 36 patients with 37 symptomatic atherosclerotic intracranial stenosis who underwent primary balloon

  9. A critical review of diagnostic criteria for evaluating patients with symptomatic stress urinary incontinence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher R. Chapple; Alan J. Wein; Walter Artibani; Linda Brubaker; Francois Haab; John P. Heesakkers; Deborah Lightner

    2005-01-01

    The first paper in this section is a review by several highly respected authors of diagnostic criteria for evaluating patients with symptomatic stress urinary incontinence, and is followed by a review of the role of urgency and its measurement in the overactive bladder symptom syndrome, with emphasis on current concepts and future prospects. These are two important papers, which point

  10. Symptomatic Hemorrhagic Transformation and Its Predictors in Acute Ischemic Stroke with Atrial Fibrillation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ju-Hun Lee; Kwang-Yeol Park; Joon-Hyun Shin; Jae-Kwan Cha; Hahn-Young Kim; Jee-Hyun Kwon; Hyung Geun Oh; Kyung Bok Lee; Dong-Eog Kim; Sang-Won Ha; Kyung-Hee Cho; Sung-Il Sohn; Mi-Sun Oh; Kyung-Ho Yu; Byung-Chul Lee; Sun U. Kwon

    2010-01-01

    Background and Purpose: Patients with acute cardioembolic stroke frequently show hemorrhagic transformation (HTr). We attempted to identify predictors of symptomatic HTr in acute ischemic stroke with atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: Of the consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients with AF at 12 hospitals in Korea, patients with posterior circulation stroke or thrombolytic therapy were excluded. Immediate anticoagulation was recommended to all

  11. Influence of Insurance Status and Demographic Features on Recognition of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Gonorrhea Cases.

    PubMed

    Flynn, Colleen; Anschuetz, Greta; Asbel, Lenore; Madera, Robbie; Johnson, Caroline C

    2015-08-01

    A random sample of individuals diagnosed as having gonorrhea from 2009 to 2013 were interviewed. Demographic and clinical features for asymptomatic and symptomatic individuals were examined to elucidate trends in medical care. Age, race, and sexually transmitted disease history had no association with the absence of symptoms (e.g., infection found by screening), whereas insurance coverage did for women. PMID:26165432

  12. Obstet Gynecol . Author manuscript Symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse at midlife, quality of life, and risk

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Vaillant-Couturier 94807 VILLEJUIF CEDEX,FR Sant reproductive, sexualit , infection VIH - pid miologie, d or present symptomatic POP were high body mass index and the number of vaginal deliveries. Conclusion In our population of women in their 50s, POP symptoms are associated with impaired QoL, and the number of vaginal

  13. Functional abnormalities in symptomatic concussed athletes: an fMRI study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J.-K Chen; K. M Johnston; S Frey; M Petrides; K Worsley; A Ptito

    2004-01-01

    Our aim was to quantify with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) changes in brain activity in concussed athletes and compare the results with those of normal control subjects. Regional brain activations associated with a working memory task were obtained from a group of concussed athletes (15 symptomatic, 1 asymptomatic) and eight matched control subjects, using blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD)

  14. Endovascular treatment of symptomatic vestibular aqueduct dehiscence as a result of jugular bulb abnormalities.

    PubMed

    Thénint, Marie-Aude; Barbier, Charlotte; Hitier, Martin; Patron, Vincent; Saleme, Suzana; Courthéoux, Patrick

    2014-11-01

    A new endovascular treatment consisting of stent-assisted coil implantation is described for jugular bulb abnormalities causing symptomatic vestibular aqueduct dehiscence. Three patients presenting with vertigo associated with pulsatile tinnitus or hearing loss were treated. This technique cured the vertigo and pulsatile tinnitus in all patients and preserved normal cerebral venous drainage with no side effects. PMID:25442142

  15. Laparoscopic fenestration of pancreatic serous cystadenoma: Minimally invasive approach for symptomatic benign disease

    PubMed Central

    Dokmak, Safi; Aussilhou, Béatrice; Rasoaherinomenjanahary, Fanjandrainy; Sauvanet, Alain; Vullierme, Marie-Pierre; Rebours, Vinciane; Lévy, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Serous cystadenoma (SC) is a benign pancreatic cystic tumor. Surgical resection is recommended for symptomatic forms, but laparoscopic fenestration of large symptomatic macrocystic SC was not yet described in the literature. In this study, 3 female patients underwent laparoscopic fenestration for macrocystic SC (12-14 cm). Diagnosis was established via magnetic resonance imaging and endoscopic ultrasound, with intra-cystic dosage of tumors markers (ACE and CA19-9) in 2 patients. All patients were symptomatic and operated on 15-60 mo after diagnosis. Radiological evaluation showed constant cyst growth. Patients were informed about this new surgical modality that can avoid pancreatic resection. The mean operative time was 103 min (70-150 min) with one conversion. The post-operative course was marked by a grade A pancreatic fistula in one patient and was uneventful in the other two. The hospital stay was 3, 10, and 18 d, respectively. The diagnosis of macrocystic SC was histologically-confirmed in all cases. At the last follow-up (13-26 mo), all patients were symptom-free, and radiological evaluation showed complete disappearance of the cyst. Laparoscopic fenestration, as opposed to resection, should be considered for large symptomatic macrocystic SC, thereby avoiding pancreatic resection morbidity and mortality. PMID:26078583

  16. CT findings in symptomatic Rathke's cleft cysts of the pituitary gland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. Dietemann; J. F. Bonneville; F. Buchheit; F. Cattin; N. Heldt; A. Wackenheim

    1983-01-01

    Symptomatic intrasellar Rathke's cleft cysts are rather rare: only a few cases with CT findings have been reported. The authors describe the CT appearance of 3. Histological aspects and embryology are discussed. Rathke's cleft cysts have to be differentiated from other intrasellar tumours: cystic craniopharyngiomas, cystic or necrotic pituitary adenomas, cysticercosis.

  17. Splinting is effective for night-only symptomatic carpal tunnel syndrome patients

    PubMed Central

    Halac, Gulistan; Demir, Saliha; Yucel, Hulya; Niftaliyev, Elvin; Kocaman, Gulsen; Duruyen, Humeyra; Kendirli, Tansel; Asil, Talip

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy of the median nerve. Splinting is one of the most used conservative treatment methods for carpal tunnel syndrome. The aim of this study was to show the effectiveness of splinting in carpal tunnel syndrome patients who were divided into two groups according to their level of symptoms. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 40 carpal tunnel syndrome patients were divided into 2 groups based on having symptoms only at night or during the day were included in this study. These two groups were compared at the end of a 3-months splinting therapy in terms of improvement of severity of symptoms, functional capacity, pain level, and electrophysiological findings. [Results] Pain levels of both groups were similar at baseline. After splinting, pain levels of night-only symptomatic patients were lower than those of sustained symptomatic ones. No differences were found in symptom severity, functional capacity, and the electrophysiological findings in either group after the splinting. [Conclusion] The results of this study show that splinting alone may be sufficient to decrease the pain for night-only symptomatic patients. Combined therapy methods may be needed for sustained symptomatic patients. PMID:25995540

  18. The Symptomatic Expression of Major Depressive Disorder in Adolescents and Young Adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter M. Lewinsohn; Jeremy W. Pettit; Thomas E. Joiner; John R. Seeley

    2003-01-01

    Data from the Oregon Adolescent Depression Project were used to examine the symptomatic expression of major depressive disorder (MDD) as a function of age and gender. The objective was to investigate the phenomenological nature of MDD among a cohort of adolescents as they progressed into early adulthood. The analyses were based on 564 participants who had experienced MDD in their

  19. The surgical treatment of symptomatic nonunions of the proximal (metaphyseal) fifth metatarsal in athletes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arthur C. Rettig; K. Donald Shelbourne; John Wilckens

    1992-01-01

    Eight athletes developed symptomatic nonunions of the base of the proximal fifth metatarsal in the metaphyseal region. All of the athletes were initially treated conserv atively without success. We reviewed their case histo ries and outlined a simple, effective, low morbidity surgical management of these lesions. Two nonunions successfully healed with internal fixation with an intra medullary compression screw. Five

  20. Loss of microstructural integrity in the limbic-subcortical networks for acute symptomatic traumatic brain injury.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Yanan; Li, Zhengjun; Bai, Lijun; Tao, Yin; Sun, Chuanzhu; Li, Min; Zheng, Longmei; Zhu, Bao; Yao, Jun; Zhou, Heping; Zhang, Ming

    2014-01-01

    Previous studies reported discrepant white matter diffusivity in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on the base of Glasgow Coma Scale, which are unreliable for some TBI severity indicators and the frequency of missing documentation in the medical record. In the present study, we adopted the Mayo classification system for TBI severity. In this system, the mTBI is also divided into two groups as "probable and symptomatic" TBI. We aimed to investigate altered microstructural integrity in symptomatic acute TBI (<1 week) by using tract-based spatial statics (TBSS) approach. A total of 12 patients and 13 healthy volunteers were involved and underwent MRI scans including conventional scan, and SWI and DTI. All the patients had no visible lesions by using conventional and SWI neuroimaging techniques, while showing widespread declines in the fractional anisotropy (FA) of gray matter and white matter throughout the TBSS skeleton, particularly in the limbic-subcortical structures. By contrast, symptomatic TBI patients showed no significant enhanced changes in FA compared to the healthy controls. A better understanding of the acute changes occurring following symptomatic TBI may increase our understanding of neuroplasticity and continuing degenerative change, which, in turn, may facilitate advances in management and intervention. PMID:24695757

  1. Premenstrual Assessment Form Typological Categories: Classification of Self-Defined Premenstrually Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Youdale, J. Valda M.; Freeman, Richard J.

    1987-01-01

    Investigated use of newly developed assessment instrument for premenstrual syndrome, the Premenstrual Assessment Form (PAF), as a retrospective assessment instrument, and the PAF subtypes as accurate reflectors of subjective premenstrual symptomatology. Severely premenstrually symptomatic and asymptomatic women completed the PAF. Results partially…

  2. Ethanolamine oleate vs. absolute ethanol as sclerosing agents for treating symptomatic simple renal cysts

    PubMed Central

    El-Kader, Osman Abd; Mohyelden, Khaled; Metwally, Adel H.; Sherif, Mahmoud H.; Elnasher, Ahmed; Abdelhameed, Hussein; Azim, Ahmed A.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To compare the efficacy and safety of ethanolamine oleate (EO) as a sclerosing agent, vs. absolute ethanol (AE), in the treatment of symptomatic simple renal cysts. Patients and methods Between November 2009 and October 2012, 46 patients were prospectively randomised into two groups. All patients presented with a simple renal cyst underwent ultrasonographic aspiration and injection of a sclerosing agent. In group 1, 25 patients had the cyst injected with EO, and in group 2, 21 were treated with AE. One injection was used in cysts of <200 mL and two injections were used in larger cysts. Complete and partial success were defined as complete cyst ablation or a >50% reduction in cyst volume with symptomatic relief, respectively. Patients were followed up using semi-annual ultrasonography and computed tomography for 2 years. Results Sclerotherapy was technically successful in all patients. There was no significant difference in cyst volume between the groups. After ?2 years of follow-up there was complete symptomatic relief in both groups, and the overall radiological success rate was 100% of both groups, at 79% complete and 21% partial in group 1, and 83% complete and 17% partial in group 2. The frequency of transient complications in the form of microscopic haematuria was 7% and 13%, and of low-grade fever in 4% and 10% in groups 1 and 2, respectively. Conclusion EO can replace AE as a sclerosing agent for symptomatic simple renal cysts, as it has comparable efficacy with higher safety and tolerance. PMID:26019965

  3. Identity and potential pathogenicity of Phytophthora species found on symptomatic Rhododendron plants in a Finnish nursery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Rytkönen; A. Lilja; A. Vercauteren; S. Sirkiä; P. Parikka; M. Soukainen; J. Hantula

    2012-01-01

    In this study, microbial isolations were made from symptomatic Rhododendron plants from a large Finnish nursery, known to be harbouring Phytophthora based on PCR screenings. The nearby waterways were also sampled. A diversity of common Nordic plants was screened for Phytophthora susceptibility. Isolates recovered from Rhododendron plants included P. ramorum, P. cactorum, P. plurivora, P. pini and Pestalotiopsis sp. Baits

  4. Review on transarterial chemoembolization in hepatocellular carcinoma: Palliative, combined, neoadjuvant, bridging, and symptomatic indications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. Vogl; Nagy N. N. Naguib; Nour-Eldin A. Nour-Eldin; Pramod Rao; Alborz Hedayati Emami; Stefan Zangos; Mohamed Nabil; Ahmed Abdelkader

    2009-01-01

    The current review provides an overview on the palliative, combined, neoadjuvant, bridging, and symptomatic indications of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It is based on an analysis of the current literature and the experience of the authors on the topic. Chemoembolization combines the infusion of chemotherapeutic drugs with particle embolization. Tumor ischemia raises the drug concentration

  5. Symptomatic fracture incidence in elderly men and women: The Dubbo osteoporosis epidemiology study (DOES)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Jones; T. Nguyen; P. N. Sambrook; P. J. Kelly; C. Gilbert; J. A. Eisman

    1994-01-01

    This longitudinal population-based study documents the incidence of all symptomatic fractures from 1989 to 1992 in an elderly, predominantly Caucasian population of males and females (?60 years as at 1 January 1989) living in the geographically isolated region of the city of Dubbo, NSW, Australia. Fractures were ascertained by reviewing reports from all radiology services in the region. There were

  6. Association of neutrophil count with microembolization in patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathalie Nasr; Jean Bernard Ruidavets; Jean François Arnal; Pierre Sie; Vincent Larrue

    2009-01-01

    Background and purposeInflammation plays an important role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis but the contribution of neutrophils to this process is unclear. Asymptomatic cerebral microembolization can be detected by transcranial Doppler (TCD) and has been associated with increased risk of early stroke recurrence in patients with recently symptomatic carotid stenosis. In the present study, we sought to determine

  7. Spectrum of Disease and Outcome in Children with Symptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection

    PubMed Central

    Dreher, A. Mackenzie; Arora, Nitin; Fowler, Karen B.; Novak, Zdenek; Britt, William J.; Boppana, Suresh B.; Ross, Shannon A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate differences in presentation and outcomes in children with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) identified on newborn screening (screened group) and those identified based on clinical findings at birth (referred group). Study design Data on 178 infants with symptomatic cCMV were analyzed. Demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory findings documented in the nursery, and sequelae data were compared between the screened and the referred groups using ?2 or Fisher exact test. Results Two or more clinical findings were detected at birth in 91% of referred infants, and only 58% of screened infants (p < 0.001). Significantly more children in the referred group had hearing loss compared with screened infants (p = 0.009). Fifty-one percent of screened children were free of sequelae compared with only 28% of the referred group (p < 0.003). Conclusions Infants with symptomatic cCMV identified based on clinical suspicion have more severe disease at birth and more commonly have sequelae than those identified on newborn screening. Inclusion of referral infants in many previous reports may have overestimated the severity of disease because of selection bias. Defining the complete spectrum of symptomatic disease due to cCMV and providing precise estimates of disease burden can only be gathered from large newborn screening studies. PMID:24433826

  8. Hearing loss is a common feature of symptomatic children with profound biotinidase deficiency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry Wolf; Robert Spencer; Tucker Gleason

    2002-01-01

    Sensorineural hearing loss occurs in approximately 75% of symptomatic children with profound biotinidase deficiency, which is more common than originally thought. The hearing loss varies in severity and is usually irreversible. The biochemical, genotype, and clinical variations do not correlate with the development of hearing loss. Thus, it is very important to diagnose the disorder early, especially by newborn screening,

  9. Reactive nitrogen intermediates in experimental trichomoniasis induced with isolates from symptomatic and asymptomatic women.

    PubMed

    Malla, Nancy; Valadkhani, Zarrintaj; Harjai, Kusum; Sharma, Saroj; Gupta, Indu

    2004-09-01

    Trichomoniasis is the interplay between the infecting parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis, and the host, on which the clinical presentation of the disease depends. Although the clinical spectrum varies from an asymptomatic state to mild, moderate or severe symptoms, the exact virulence markers of T. vaginalis have not been well elucidated. Free radical generation during the disease process and its role in pathogenesis has been reported in various microbial diseases. In the present study, an attempt has been made to study reactive nitrogen intermediate (RNI) concentrations in experimental animals infected with T. vaginalis isolates from symptomatic and asymptomatic women. A significant increase in polymorphs, vaginal epithelial cells and RNI levels was observed in mice infected with isolates from symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects as compared to uninfected controls. The mean concentration of RNI in the vaginal tissue of mice infected with isolates from symptomatic women (75.5+/-7.7) was significantly higher than that of the vaginal tissue of mice infected with isolates from asymptomatic women (47.9+/-7.8), while it was less in the vaginal washes and plasma of mice infected with isolates from symptomatic women (18.7+/-3.6 and 17.1+/-3.3, respectively) compared to those infected with isolates from asymptomatic women (28.9+/-7.3 and 26.7+/-4.4, respectively), which may be due to different macrophage populations with different functional capabilities. Our study indicates that RNI production may play a role in establishing the infection. PMID:15309620

  10. Comparison of omeprazole and cimetidine in reflux oesophagitis: symptomatic, endoscopic, and histological evaluations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C M Bate; P W Keeling; C OMorain; S P Wilkinson; D N Foster; R A Mountford; J M Temperley; R F Harvey; D G Thompson; M Davis

    1990-01-01

    Symptomatic patients with endoscopically verified reflux oesophagitis were randomised to a double blind trial in which they received either omeprazole (20 mg once daily) or cimetidine (400 mg four times daily) for four, and if necessary, eight weeks. In an 'intention to treat' analysis, oesophagitis was found to have healed after four weeks in 77 of 137 (56%) in the

  11. [Comprehensive management of chronic venous insufficiency].

    PubMed

    Priollet, P

    1994-02-10

    The choice among the therapeutic options available for chronic venous insufficiency of the lower limbs is based on a precise analysis of the disease itself and the exact nature of the patient's complaints and expectations. Comprehensive care requires a careful clinical examination and complementary exploration with ultrasonography when required for decision making and knowledge of the personal, social and professional situation as well as a documented evaluation of the treatment methods, their theoretical or real value and their assumed mechanism of action, their long-term effects when known and their limitations. Elastic support, if prescribed correctly is useful whatever the degree of clinical expression: simple functional manifestations, varicose veins or impaired trophism. Vasculoprotective or venotonic drugs have various actions. They can be used for the treatment of all degrees of symptomatic chronic insufficiency. More radical treatment of varicose veins, whether surgical or by sclerosis, depend on the anatomic presentation, the degree of venous stasis and the importance of the symptomatology but also on the desires of a patient well informed of the advantages and limitations of each technique. Comprehensive care for chronic venous insufficiency requires personalized care. PMID:8177876

  12. Ursodeoxycholic acid therapy in chronic active hepatitis.

    PubMed Central

    Bateson, M. C.

    1990-01-01

    A 41 year old woman developed chronic active hepatitis with prominent cholestasis. She was treated with prednisolone over 3 years with symptomatic benefit and improvement in serum biochemistry. However, various steroid-related side effects were encountered and steatorrhoea eventually occurred with very troublesome nocturnal diarrhoea. Therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid 750 mg daily was started. Serum alanine aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyl transferase normalized for the first time since her illness began. Steatorrhoea was abolished. There was good control of symptoms as prednisolone therapy was gradually reduced. However, when prednisolone was completely withdrawn there was a prompt biochemical deterioration. Addition of low-dose azathioprine has maintained normal blood tests over 24 months without return of the original symptoms. There are no side effects of ursodeoxycholic acid in subjects without gallstones and this agent may be effective treatment for cholestatic liver disease. PMID:2235818

  13. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: state of the art and beyond.

    PubMed

    Byrd, John C

    2014-05-01

    In the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), select genomic studies can assist in risk stratification of newly diagnosed patients. Chemoimmunotherapy targeting CD20 offers a survival advantage in symptomatic patients both with and without these high-risk genetic features, though patients with del(17p13.1) have poor outcomes and require specific intervention. Obinutuzumab plus chlorambucil is a treatment standard for untreated elderly patients and is superior to rituximab plus chlorambucil. In the setting of relapsed CLL, the new kinase inhibitors have the potential to completely change the treatment paradigm of CLL. PMID:24853221

  14. Prognostic value of X-chromosome inactivation in symptomatic female carriers of dystrophinopathy

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Between 8% and 22% of female carriers of DMD mutations exhibit clinical symptoms of variable severity. Development of symptoms in DMD mutation carriers without chromosomal rearrangements has been attributed to skewed X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) favouring predominant expression of the DMD mutant allele. However the prognostic use of XCI analysis is controversial. We aimed to evaluate the correlation between X-chromosome inactivation and development of clinical symptoms in a series of symptomatic female carriers of dystrophinopathy. Methods We reviewed the clinical, pathological and genetic features of twenty-four symptomatic carriers covering a wide spectrum of clinical phenotypes. DMD gene analysis was performed using MLPA and whole gene sequencing in blood DNA and muscle cDNA. Blood and muscle DNA was used for X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) analysis thought the AR methylation assay in symptomatic carriers and their female relatives, asymptomatic carriers as well as non-carrier females. Results Symptomatic carriers exhibited 49.2% more skewed XCI profiles than asymptomatic carriers. The extent of XCI skewing in blood tended to increase in line with the severity of muscle symptoms. Skewed XCI patterns were found in at least one first-degree female relative in 78.6% of symptomatic carrier families. No mutations altering XCI in the XIST gene promoter were found. Conclusions Skewed XCI is in many cases familial inherited. The extent of XCI skewing is related to phenotype severity. However, the assessment of XCI by means of the AR methylation assay has a poor prognostic value, probably because the methylation status of the AR gene in muscle may not reflect in all cases the methylation status of the DMD gene. PMID:23092449

  15. Role of Coflex as an Adjunct to Decompression for Symptomatic Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

    PubMed Central

    Shah, Siddarth M; Ng, Yau Hong; Pannierselvam, Vinodh Kumar; DasDe, Sudeep; Shen, Liang

    2014-01-01

    Study Design Prospective cohort study. Purpose To assess whether additional implantation of Coflex following spinal decompression provided better clinical outcomes compared to decompression alone for symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and to determine whether improvement in clinical outcomes correlated with changes in the radiological indices studied. Overview of Literature Literature on benefits of additional Coflex implantation compared to decompression alone for symptomatic LSS is limited. Methods Patients with symptomatic LSS who met the study criteria were offered spinal decompression with Coflex implantation. Those patients who accepted Coflex implantation were placed in the Coflex group (n=22); while those opting for decompression alone, were placed in the comparison group (n=24). Clinical outcomes were assessed preoperatively, six-months, one-year and two-years postoperatively, using the Oswestry disability index, 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS)-back pain and VAS-leg pain, and short form-36 (SF-36). Radiological indices (disc height, foraminal height and sagittal angle) were assessed preoperatively, six months, one year, and two years postoperatively. Results Both groups showed statistically significant (p<0.001) improvement in all the clinical outcome indicators at all points in time as compared to the preoperative status. However, improvement in the Coflex group was significantly greater (p<0.001) than the comparison group. Changes in the radiological indices did not correlate significantly with the improvement in clinical outcome indicators. Conclusions Additional Coflex implantation after spinal decompression in symptomatic LSS offers better clinical outcomes than decompression alone in the short-term. Changes in radiological indices do not correlate with the improvements in clinical outcomes after surgery for symptomatic LSS. PMID:24761198

  16. High Prevalence of Mycoplasma Infections in Symptomatic (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome) Family Members of Mycoplasma-Positive Gulf War Illness Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Garth L. Nicolson; Marwan Y. Nasralla; Nancy L. Nicolson; Joerg Haier

    2003-01-01

    SUMMARY. Immediate family members of veterans diagnosed with Gulf War Illnesses often complain of fatiguing illnesses, and upon analysis they report similar signs and symptoms as their veteran family members. Since a relatively common finding in Gulf War Illness patients is a bacterial infection due to Mycoplasma species, we examined military families (149 patients: 42 veterans, 40 spouses, 32 other

  17. Treatment of chronic obstruction of the axillary, subclavian, and innominate veins

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. E. Molina

    1999-01-01

    Of 79 patients seen at the University of Minnesota with symptomatic chronic obstruction of the axillary subclavian or innominate vein, 65 were considered surgical candidates. Etiology of the obstruction was as follows: Group A (n=45), previous subclavian effort thrombosis; Group B (n=14), stenosis caused by occupation or sport activities; and Group C (n=6), long segments (4–7.2 cm) of obstruction caused

  18. Evaluation of Small-Vessel Arteriopathy in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nick H. Kim

    \\u000a The principal treatment for chronic thrombo­embolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) remains surgery. Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy\\u000a (PTE), also referred to as pulmonary endarterectomy, offers the possibility of cure for many patients with symptomatic CTEPH\\u000a who would otherwise succumb to progressive right-sided heart failure. Two subgroups of patients with CTEPH, however, will\\u000a not fully benefit from PTE: those not offered surgery owing to concern

  19. The role of cumulative physical work load in lumbar spine disease: risk factors for lumbar osteochondrosis and spondylosis associated with chronic complaints

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Seidler; U Bolm-Audorff; H Heiskel; N Henkel; B Roth-Küver; U Kaiser; R Bickeböller; W J Willingstorfer; W Beck; G Elsner

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVESTo investigate the relation with a case-control study between symptomatic osteochondrosis or spondylosis of the lumbar spine and cumulative occupational exposure to lifting or carrying and to working postures with extreme forward bending.METHODSFrom two practices and four clinics were recruited 229 male patients with radiographically confirmed osteochondrosis or spondylosis of the lumbar spine associated with chronic complaints. Of these 135

  20. Vulvar lichen sclerosus and squamous cell carcinoma: A cohort, case control, and investigational study with historical perspective; implications for chronic inflammation and sclerosis in the development of neoplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Andrew Carlson; Robert Ambros; John Malfetano; Jeffery Ross; Richard Grabowski; Philina Lamb; Helen Figge; Martin C Mihm

    1998-01-01

    The histological changes of lichen sclerosus (LS) are frequently found in association with vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The importance of chronic inflammation and scarring in oncogenesis is well recognized. Thirty-two patients with symptomatic vulvar LS and 60 with vulvar SCC were studied. Paraffin sections of vulvar LS, and three controls groups (acute scars, normal vulva, and vulvar lichen simplex

  1. Use of medications by people with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy persons: a population-based study of fatiguing illness in Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roumiana S Boneva; Jin-Mann S Lin; Elizabeth M Maloney; James F Jones; William C Reeves

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating condition of unknown etiology and no definitive pharmacotherapy. Patients are usually prescribed symptomatic treatment or self-medicate. We evaluated prescription and non-prescription drug use among persons with CFS in Georgia and compared it to that in non-fatigued Well controls and also to chronically Unwell individuals not fully meeting criteria for CFS. METHODS: A

  2. Hereditary chronic pancreatitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonas Rosendahl; Hans Bödeker; Joachim Mössner; Niels Teich

    2007-01-01

    Hereditary chronic pancreatitis (HCP) is a very rare form of early onset chronic pancreatitis. With the exception of the young age at diagnosis and a slower progression, the clinical course, morphological features and laboratory findings of HCP do not differ from those of patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. As well, diagnostic criteria and treatment of HCP resemble that of chronic

  3. Life events and symptomatic recovery of army spouses following Operation Desert Storm.

    PubMed

    Rosen, L N

    1995-01-01

    The relation between life events and psychiatric symptoms among wives of soldiers deployed to the Persian Gulf during Operation Desert Storm (ODS) was examined. Psychiatric symptoms were measured, using the 25-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL), at two times, once while the soldiers were away and a second time several months after they returned. In a multiple regression analysis, symptoms at Time 2 were predicted by post-Desert Storm events as well as by events and emotional stressors that occurred during the military operation. The strongest predictor of post-Desert Storm events was pre-Desert Storm events. The impact of the deployment was also assessed on the basis of respondents' symptom profiles over time. Although 70% of the respondents were symptomatic during the deployment, 40% had recovered by Time 2; only 24% were symptomatic at both times. Even in the latter group, there was an improvement in symptoms between Time 1 (T1) and Time 2 (T2). PMID:8789649

  4. [Non-surgical approach for symptomatic fibroids. Physical methods: selective embolization].

    PubMed

    Tarriel, Josep Estadella; Moreno, Cristina Soler; Ajenjo, Marta Campillo; Vara, Rubén Guerrero

    2013-07-01

    The approach to symptomatic uterine fibroids has seen a marked evolution in recent years thanks to the emergence of minimally invasive techniques that allow for uterine preservation. Selective uterine artery embolization (UAE) consists of the complete occlusion of the 2 uterine arteries with embolic particles in order to produce ischemic necrosis of the fibroids without permanently affecting the normal uterine tissue. This technique significantly reduces the amount of bleeding and causes a reduction in uterine volume at 3 months postprocedure, which is maintained over time, allowing for 70% of patients to avoid surgery. Moreover, UAE entails shorter surgical times, reduced hospital stays and fewer days needed to return to work when compared with traditional surgical techniques (hysterectomy and fibroidectomy), without any differences in the quality-of-life scales at 5 years. UAE should therefore be included in the therapeutic options offered to patients with symptomatic fibroid uteri. PMID:24314563

  5. A Critical Protection Level Derived from Dengue Infection Mathematical Model Considering Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Classes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anggriani, N.; Supriatna, A. K.; Soewono, E.

    2013-04-01

    In this paper we formulate a model of dengue fever transmission by considering the presence of asymptomatic and symptomatic compartments. The model takes the form as a system of differential equations representing a host-vector SIR (Susceptible - Infective -Recovered) disease transmission. It is assumed that both host and vector populations are constant. It is also assumed that reinfection of recovered hosts by the disease is possible due to a wanning immunity in human body. We analyze the model to determine the qualitative behavior of the model solution and use the concept of effective basic reproduction number (fraktur Rp) as a control criteria of the disease transmission. The effect of mosquito biting protection (e.g. by using insect repellent) is also considered. We compute the long-term ratio of the asymptomatic and symptomatic classes and show a condition for which the iceberg phenomenon could appear.

  6. Treatment of Symptomatic Non-Parasitic Liver Cysts–Surgical Treatment Versus Alcohol Injection Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Yoshida, Yasuhiro; Saku, Motonori; Honda, Hiroshi; Muranaka, Toru; Oshiumi, Yoshihiko; Kanematsu, Takashi; Sugimachi, Keizo

    1990-01-01

    Fourteen patients with benign symptomatic non-parasitic cysts of the liver were either surgically treated, had alcohol injected into the cysts, underwent deroofing of the cyst or in 5, a cystectomy was done. Alcohol was injected into 6 patients and there has been no recurrence for as long as 5 years and 8 months after the treatment. Liver dysfunction occurred in 3 patients given blood transfusion during the surgery and/or postoperative course, an elevated temperature (over 39?) occurred in one patient. Adverse effects of alcohol injections were minor and transient. Based on our experience, the injection of alcohol is an effective treatment for benign symptomatic cyst of the liver. When a malignancy is suspected on imaging and/or cytologic studies, or when alcohol administration is ineffective, then surgery is indicated. PMID:2278926

  7. A case of symptomatic cervical perineural (Tarlov) cyst: clinical manifestation and management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keewon Kim; Se Woong Chun; Sun G. Chung

    Perineural (Tarlov) cysts are most often found in the sacral region and are rare in the cervical spine. Although they are\\u000a usually asymptomatic, a small number of those at the lumbosacral level have been known to produce localized or radicular pain.\\u000a Few reports are available on symptomatic perineural cysts in the cervical spine and it has not been discussed how

  8. Living with a symptomatic rotator cuff tear ‘bad days, bad nights’: a qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Rotator cuff tears are a common cause of shoulder pain. There is an absence of information about symptomatic rotator cuffs from the patients’ perspective; this limits the information clinicians can share with patients and the information that patients can access via sources such as the internet. This study describes the experiences of people with a symptomatic rotator cuff, their symptoms, the impact upon their daily lives and the coping strategies utilised by study participants. Methods An interpretive phenomenological analysis approach was used. 20 participants of the UKUFF trial (The United Kingdom Rotator Cuff Surgery Trial) agreed to participate in in-depth semi-structured interviews about their experiences about living with a symptomatic rotator cuff tear. Interviews were digitally recorded and fully transcribed. Field notes, memos and a reflexive diary were used. Data was coded in accordance with interpretive phenomenological analysis. Peer review, code-recode audits and constant comparison of data, codes and categories occurred throughout. Results The majority of patients described intense pain and severely disturbed sleep. Limited movement and reduced muscle strength were described by some participants. The predominantly adverse impact that a symptomatic rotator cuff tear had upon activities of daily living, leisure activities and occupation was described. The emotional and financial impact and impact upon caring roles were detailed. Coping strategies included attempting to carry on as normally as possible, accepting their condition, using their other arm, using analgesics, aids and adaptions. Conclusions Clinicians need to appreciate and understand the intensity and shocking nature of pain that may be experienced by participants with known rotator cuff tears and understand the detrimental impact tears can have upon all areas of patient’s lives. Clinicians also need to be aware of the potential emotional impact caused by cuff tears and to ensure that patients needing help for conditions such as depression are speedily identified and provided with support, explanation and appropriate treatment. PMID:25008095

  9. Giant solitary symptomatic tentorial xanthogranuloma in an adult: a case report.

    PubMed

    Naren, Nayak; Sanjay, Kukreja; Batuk, Diyora; Hanumant, Kamble; Alok, Sharma

    2011-12-01

    Xanthogranulomas involving the central nervous system are uncommon, of which dural-based xanthogranuloma is rare. Xanthogranuloma of the dura large enough to cause symptoms is very rare. Intracranial xanthogranuloma usually occurs in association with systemic diseases like histiocytosis X or familial hyperproteinemia or Erdheim-Chester's disease. We report a case a 40-year-old male with a huge symptomatic tentorial xanthogranuloma not associated with systemic disease. PMID:21513447

  10. Recurrence Rates in Genital Herpes after Symptomatic First-Episode Infection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacqueline Benedetti; Lawrence Corey; Rhoda Ashley

    1994-01-01

    0.36 recurrences per month (95% CI, 0.18 to 0.57)) and had a shorter time to first recurrence when compared with those who had shorter first episodes. • Conclusions: Almost all persons with initially symp­ tomatic HSV-2 infection have symptomatic recur­ rences. More than 35% of such patients have frequent recurrences. Recurrence rates are especially high in persons with an extended

  11. Progesterone for Symptomatic Perimenopause Treatment – Progesterone politics, physiology and potential for perimenopause

    PubMed Central

    Prior, J.C.

    2011-01-01

    Perimenopause, women’s normal midlife reproductive transition, is highly symptomatic for about 20% of women who are currently inaccurately counseled and inappropriately treated with oral contraceptives, menopausal hormone therapy or hysterectomy. About 80% of perimenopausal women experience vasomotor symptoms (VMS), 25% have menorrhagia, and about 10% experience mastalgia. The majority of women describe varying intensities of sleep, coping or mood difficulties. Women are more symptomatic because common knowledge inaccurately says that estradiol (E2) levels are dropping/deficient. Evidence shows that with disturbed brain-ovary feedbacks, E2 levels average 26% higher and soar erratically – some women describe feeling pregnant! Also, ovulation and progesterone (P4) levels become insufficient or absent. The most symptomatic women have higher E2 and lower P4 levels. Because P4 and E2 complement/counterbalance each other’s tissue effects, oral micronized P4 (OMP4 300 mg at bedtime) is a physiological therapy for treatment-seeking, symptomatic perimenopausal women. Given cyclically (cycle d 14-27, or 14 on/off) in menstruating midlife women, OMP4 decreases cyclic VMS, improves sleep and premenstrual mastalgia. Menorrhagia is treated with ibuprofen 200mg/6h plus OMP4 cycle d 4-28. For insulin resistance, metformin plus cyclic or daily OMP4 decreases insulin resistance and weight gain. Non-responsive migraines need daily OMP4 plus usual therapies. VMS and insomnia in late perimenopause respond to daily OMP4. In summary, OMP4 is a physiology-based therapy that improves sleep, treats VMS, does not increase breast proliferation or cancer risk, increases bone formation and has beneficial cardiovascular effects. A controlled trial is testing OMP4 for perimenopausal VMS – more evidence-based data are needed. PMID:24753856

  12. Total disc replacement surgery for symptomatic degenerative lumbar disc disease: a systematic review of the literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karin D. van den Eerenbeemt; Raymond W. Ostelo; Barend J. van Royen; Wilco C. Peul; Maurits W. van Tulder

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of total disc replacement surgery compared with spinal\\u000a fusion in patients with symptomatic lumbar disc degeneration. Low back pain (LBP), a major health problem in Western countries,\\u000a can be caused by a variety of pathologies, one of which is degenerative disc disease (DDD). When conservative treatment fails,\\u000a surgery

  13. Symptomatic osteolipoma of the tuber cinereum masquerading as calcified retroclival mass.

    PubMed

    Kalakoti, Piyush; Ahmed, Osama; Jacobsohn, Jamie A; Nanda, Anil

    2015-06-01

    We present a case of symptomatic osteolipoma of the tuber cinereum in a 51 year old male with rapid visual deterioration over several months leading to bilateral visual loss. Preoperatively the lesion masqueraded as a calcified retroclival mass. Intracranial osteolipomas are rare benign lesions that are usually asymptomatic and have an indolent course. Additionally, we discuss our intraoperative findings highlighting the technical challenges encountered along with a review of the English language literature on histologically proven intracranial osteolipomas. PMID:25827864

  14. Use of Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump Counterpulsation for Refractory Symptomatic Vasospasm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. L. Rosen; L. N. Sekhar; D. H. Duong

    2000-01-01

    Summary  ¶?Delayed neurologic deficits secondary to vasospasm remain a vexing problem. Current treatments include: hypertensive hypervolemic\\u000a hemodilution (Triple-H) therapy, angioplasty, and intra-arterial papaverine administration. Significant morbidity and mortality\\u000a still result from vasospasm despite these therapies. We present two patients with symptomatic vasospasm who received intra-aortic\\u000a balloon pump counterpulsation (IABP) to improve cerebral blood flow when they were unable to tolerate Triple-H

  15. Treatment of symptomatic diabetic peripheral neuropathy with the anti-oxidant ?-lipoic acid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Ziegler; M. Hanefeld; K. J. Ruhnau; H. P. Meiner; M. Lobisch; K. Schiitte; F. A. Gries

    1995-01-01

    Summary  Anti-oxidant treatment has been shown to prevent nerve dysfunction in experimental diabetes mellitus, thus providing a rationale of potential therapeutic value for diabetic patients. The effects of the anti-oxidant -lipoic acid (thioctic acid) were studied in a 3-week multicentre, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial (Alpha-Lipoic Acid in Diabetic Neuropathy; ALADIN) in 328 non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients with symptomatic peripheral neuropathy who were

  16. Molecular subtyping of Blastocystis sp. isolates from symptomatic patients in Italy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dionigia Meloni; Giovanna Sanciu; Philippe Poirier; Hicham El Alaoui; Magali Chabé; Laurence Delhaes; Eduardo Dei-Cas; Frederic Delbac; Pier Luigi Fiori; David Di Cave; Eric Viscogliosi

    Blastocystis sp. is the most common eukaryotic parasite in the intestinal tract of humans. Due to its potential impact in public health,\\u000a we determined the Blastocystis sp. subtypes (STs) and their relative frequency in symptomatic patients living in or in the vicinity of two Italian cities\\u000a (Rome and Sassari). A total of 34 Blastocystis sp. isolates corresponding to 26 single

  17. Symptomatic epidural lipomatosis of the spinal cord in a child: MR demonstration of spinal cord injury

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alberto Muñoz; James A. Barkovich; Fernando Mateos; Rogelio Simón

    2002-01-01

    We report a case of symptomatic epidural lipomatosis in an 8-year-old girl with Cushing's syndrome secondary to longstanding high-dose steroid therapy for Crohn's disease. MR imaging of the spine revealed massive diffuse epidural fat compressing the entire spinal cord with T2 prolongation in the central gray matter of the cord suggesting ischemic myelopathy. This finding has not been previously demonstrated

  18. Causes of death in symptomatic cryoglobulinemia: 30 years of observation in a Department of Internal Medicine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Saccardo; P. Novati; D. Sironi; L. Castelnovo; G. Rinaldi; G. Monti

    2007-01-01

    Cryoglobulinemic Syn&come (CS) is a multi-systemic disease, and its fatal evolution can involve different organs.Aims: To describe the most frequent causes of death in CS, by researching different evolutions between older cases and those of the last 15 years.Patients: The data of 238 patients affected by symptomatic cryoglobulinemia followed by our Medicine Department in the last 30 years are recorded

  19. Rubber Band Ligation of Symptomatic Internal Hemorrhoids: Results of 500 Cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vassilios A. Komborozos; George J. Skrekas; Christos A. Pissiotis

    2000-01-01

    Background\\/Aim: In this prospective study the results of rubber band ligation (RBL) of symptomatic hemorrhoids in 500 consecutive patients with 2nd (255 cases), 3rd (218 cases) and 4th degree (27 cases) hemorrhoids are presented. Methods: The patients’ symptoms were hemorrhage in 142 cases (28.4%), prolapse in 33 cases (6.6%) and both hemorrhage and prolapse in 325 cases (65%). Sixteen patients

  20. Clinical outcome data for symptomatic breast cancer: the breast cancer clinical outcome measures (BCCOM) project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T Bates; O Kearins; I Monypenny; C Lagord; G Lawrence

    2009-01-01

    Background:Data collection for screen-detected breast cancer in the United Kingdom is fully funded, which has led to improvements in clinical practice. However, data on symptomatic cancer are deficient, and the aim of this project was to monitor the current practice.Methods:A data set was designed together with surrogate outcome measures to reflect best practice. Data from cancer registries initially required the

  1. [A symptomatic Rathke's cleft cyst with pituitary apoplexy: a case report].

    PubMed

    Fukushima, Y; Oka, H; Utsuki, S; Fujii, K

    2001-12-01

    We encountered a rare case of symptomatic Rathke's cleft cyst associated with pituitary apoplexy. To our knowledge, six cases have been reported in the literature. The mechanism of this symptom is still obscure because of the rare pathological findings concerning Rathke's cleft cysts. Judging from the operative and the histopathologic findings, we speculate that pituitary apoplexy could occur due to hemorrhage from certain vessels such as compressed portal veins or newly organized vessels of the granulation tissue of the cyst wall. PMID:11797351

  2. Symptomatic Patients with Intraluminal Carotid Thrombus: Outcome with a Strategy of Initial Anticoagulation

    PubMed Central

    Vellimana, Ananth K.; Kadkhodayan, Yasha; Rich, Keith M.; Cross, Dewitte T.; Moran, Christopher J.; Zazulia, Allyson R.; Lee, Jin-Moo; Chicoine, Michael R.; Dacey, Ralph G.; Derdeyn, Colin P.; Zipfel, Gregory J.

    2013-01-01

    Background Optimal treatment for patients with symptomatic intraluminal carotid thrombus (ICT) remains poorly defined. Methods We performed a retrospective chart review of patients presenting to our institution between 2001 and 2011 with symptomatic ICT. Results Twenty-four patients (16 males, 8 females) with ICT presented with ischemic stroke (n=18) or TIA (n=6). All were treated initially with anticoagulation ± antiplatelet drugs. Eight of these patients had no or mild carotid stenosis on initial angiography and were treated with medical management alone. The remaining 16 patients had moderate or severe carotid stenosis on initial angiography. Of these, 10 underwent delayed revascularization (endarterectomy, n=8; angioplasty and stenting, n=2), 2 refused revascularization, and 4 were treated with medical therapy alone. One patient had multiple TIAs despite medical therapy and eventually underwent CEA; the remaining 23 patients had no TIAs. No patient suffered ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke while on anticoagulation, during the perioperative period or in long-term follow up; one patient died of an unrelated condition (mean follow-up = 16.4 months). Conclusion Our results suggest that initial anticoagulation of symptomatic ICT results in a low rate of recurrent ischemic events and that carotid revascularization, if indicated, can be safely performed in a delayed manner. PMID:23061393

  3. Symptomatic female carriers of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD): genetic and clinical characterization.

    PubMed

    Giliberto, Florencia; Radic, Claudia Pamela; Luce, Leonela; Ferreiro, Verónica; de Brasi, Carlos; Szijan, Irene

    2014-01-15

    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disease caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene and is characterized by muscle degeneration and death. DMD affects males; females being asymptomatic carriers of mutations. However, some of them manifest symptoms due to a translocation between X chromosome and an autosome or to a heterozygous mutation leading to inactivation of most of their normal X chromosome. Six symptomatic female carriers and two asymptomatic were analyzed by: I) Segregation of STRs-(CA)n and MLPA assays to detect a hemizygous alteration, and II) X chromosome inactivation pattern to uncover the reason for symptoms in these females. The symptomatic females shared mild but progressive muscular weakness and increased serum creatin kinase (CK) levels. Levels of dystrophin protein were below normal or absent in many fibers. Segregation of STRs-(CA)n revealed hemizygous patterns in three patients, which were confirmed by MLPA. In addition, this analysis showed a duplication in another patient. X chromosome inactivation assay revealed a skewed X inactivation pattern in the symptomatic females and a random inactivation pattern in the asymptomatic ones. Our results support the hypothesis that the DMD phenotype in female carriers of a dystrophin mutation has a direct correlation with a skewed X-chromosome inactivation pattern. PMID:24135430

  4. Present characteristics of symptomatic Entamoeba histolytica infection in the big cities of Japan.

    PubMed

    Ohnishi, K; Kato, Y; Imamura, A; Fukayama, M; Tsunoda, T; Sakaue, Y; Sakamoto, M; Sagara, H

    2004-01-01

    Medical records, for 2000 and 2001, of symptomatic amoebic patients who were treated at our hospitals in Tokyo, Yokohama and Osaka were studied retrospectively for the purpose of gathering epidemiological data on symptomatic Entamoeba histolytica infection. A total of 58 patients were treated. Fifty-five of them were male, and 96% of the male patients were Japanese. The mean age of patients was 44.9 years old, and 91% of patients contracted the disease in Japan. Fifty-six per cent of the male patients indicated that they were practising homosexuals, and 44% of the male patients denied these practices or left the question unanswered. The serum Treponema pallidum haemagglutination test was positive in 45% of the patients, and antibody to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was positive in 45%. Our study revealed that recent symptomatic E. histolytica infection almost exclusively afflicted middle-aged males in the big cities of Japan, that a majority of the patients were probably exposed to the causative organism during homosexual activity, and that an increasing number of patients will be co-infected with HIV. PMID:14979590

  5. Affective prosody perception in symptomatically remitted patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

    PubMed

    Hoertnagl, Christine M; Yalcin-Siedentopf, Nursen; Baumgartner, Susanne; Biedermann, Falko; Deisenhammer, Eberhard A; Hausmann, Armand; Kaufmann, Alexandra; Kemmler, Georg; Mühlbacher, Moritz; Rauch, Anna-Sophia; Fleischhacker, Wolfgang W; Hofer, Alex

    2014-09-01

    Affect perception has frequently been shown to be impaired in patients suffering from schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (BD), but it remains unclear whether these impairments exist during symptomatic remission and whether the two disorders differ from each other in this regard. Most previous studies have investigated facial affect recognition, but not the ability to decode mental states from emotional tone of voice, i.e. affective prosody perception (APP). Accordingly, the present study directly compared APP in symptomatically remitted patients with schizophrenia or BD and healthy control subjects and investigated its relationship with residual symptomatology in patients. Patients with schizophrenia and BD showed comparable APP impairments despite being symptomatically remitted. In comparison to healthy control subjects, overall APP deficits were found in BD but not in schizophrenia patients. Both patient groups were particularly impaired in the identification of anger and confounded it with neutral prosody. In addition, schizophrenia patients frequently confused sadness with happiness, anger, or fright. There was an inverse association between the degree of residual positive symptoms and the ability to correctly recognize happiness in schizophrenia patients. Overall, these data indicate that impairments in APP represent an enduring deficit and a trait marker of both schizophrenia and BD and that the level of impairment is comparable between disorders. PMID:25096540

  6. Tolerance of an Aquatic Power Training Program by Older Adults with Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis

    PubMed Central

    Segal, Neil A.; Wallace, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Objective. To determine the tolerance and feasibility of aquatic-based power training for improving lower limb muscle power, impairments, and mobility in adults with symptomatic knee OA. Participants. Twenty-nine adults, age 50 years and over, with symptomatic knee OA (ACR clinical criteria) and mobility limitation (400-meter walk time slower than median for sex and decade) completed 45-minute aquatic power training sessions twice weekly for 6 weeks. Main Outcome Measurements. Prospective outcomes included tolerance of the program, as well as change in stair climb power, 400-meter walk time, overall and knee-specific pain, activities of daily living (ADL), quality of life (QOL), and lower limb function at 6- and 12-week follow-up. Results. The training intensity required modification for 9 of the 29 participants. Lower limb muscle power, ADL, QOL, and overall pain were improved immediately and 6 weeks following completion (all P < 0.05). However, 400-meter walk times, and lower limb function did not differ from baseline. Conclusions. A 6-week aquatic rehabilitation program appears to be well tolerated by adults with symptomatic knee OA with mobility limitations and may result in improved lower limb muscle power, symptoms, ADL, and QOL. However, this intervention may have insufficient specificity or intensity for improving physical function. PMID:23008770

  7. A symptomatic Fabry disease mouse model generated by inducing globotriaosylceramide synthesis

    PubMed Central

    Taguchi, Atsumi; Maruyama, Hiroki; Nameta, Masaaki; Yamamoto, Tadashi; Matsuda, Junichiro; Kulkarni, Ashok B.; Yoshioka, Hidekatsu; Ishii, Satoshi

    2014-01-01

    Synopsis Fabry disease is a lysosomal storage disorder in which neutral glycosphingolipids, predominantly globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), accumulate due to deficient ?-galactosidase A (?-Gal A) activity. The ?-Gal A-knockout (GLAko) mouse has been used as a model for Fabry disease, but it does not have any symptomatic abnormalities. In this study, we generated a symptomatic mouse model (G3Stg/GLAko) by crossbreeding GLAko mice with transgenic mice expressing human Gb3 synthase. G3Stg/GLAko mice had high Gb3 levels in major organs, and their serum Gb3 level at 5–25 weeks of age was 6–10 times higher than that in GLAko mice of the same age. G3Stg/GLAko mice showed progressive renal impairment, with albuminuria at 3 weeks of age, decreased urine osmolality at 5 weeks, polyuria at 10 weeks, and increased blood urea nitrogen at 15 weeks. The urine volume and urinary albumin concentration were significantly reduced in the G3Stg/GLAko mice when human recombinant ?-Gal A was administered intravenously. These data suggest that Gb3 accumulation is a primary pathogenic factor in the symptomatic phenotype of G3Stg/GLAko mice, and that this mouse line is suitable for studying the pathogenesis of Fabry disease and for preclinical studies of candidate therapies. PMID:24094090

  8. Nimesulide Improves the Symptomatic and Disease Modifying Effects of Leflunomide in Collagen Induced Arthritis

    PubMed Central

    Al-Abd, Ahmed M.; Al-Abbasi, Fahad A.; Nofal, Salwa M.; Khalifa, Amani E.; Williams, Richard O.; El-Eraky, Wafaa I.; Nagy, Ayman A.; Abdel-Naim, Ashraf B.

    2014-01-01

    Nimesulide is a COX-2 inhibitor used for symptomatic relief of rheumatoid arthritis. Leflunomide is an anti-pyrimidine used to manage the progression of rheumatoid arthritis. Herein we studied the influence of nimesulide and leflunomide combination in terms of disease symptoms and progression using collagen-induced arthritis model in mice, as a model for rheumatoid arthritis. Collagen induced arthritis was induced by immunization with type II collagen. Assessment of joint stiffness and articular hyperalgesia were evaluated using a locomotor activity cage and the Hargreaves method, respectively. Disease progression was assessed via arthritic index scoring, X-ray imaging, myeloperoxidase enzyme activity and histopathologic examination. Nimesulide induced only transient symptomatic alleviation on the top of decreased leucocytic infiltration compared to arthritis group. However, nimesulide alone failed to induce any significant improvement in the radiological or pathological disease progression. Leflunomide alone moderately alleviates the symptoms of arthritis and moderately retarded the radiological and pathological disease progression. Combination of nimesulide and leflunomide significantly improved symptomatic (analgesia and joint stiffness) and arthritic disease progression (radiological, pathological and Myeloperoxidase enzyme activity) in collagen induced arthritis animal model. PMID:25375820

  9. Formation of a chronic pain syndrome due to mesh shrinkage after laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM).

    PubMed

    Klein, Fritz; Ospina, Carlos; Rudolph, Birgit; Wüstefeld, Joost; Denecke, Timm; Neuhaus, Peter; Schmidt, Sven-Christian

    2012-10-01

    The case of a 58-year-old male patient who developed a chronic pain syndrome after laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh for treatment of a large symptomatic umbilical hernia combined with rectus diastasis is reported. Twelve months after an uncomplicated initial surgery, the patient presented with progressive signs of a foreign body sensation and pain in the anterior abdominal wall. Computed tomography examination revealed no pathologic findings but a marked shrinkage of the mesh implant. Because of further progressive symptoms, explorative laparotomy was performed. Mesh shrinkage and adhesions with a surrounding chronic tissue reaction were found as the cause of the pain syndrome. This case demonstrates a case of a chronic pain syndrome due to mesh shrinkage 12 months after initial ventral hernia repair. Mesh shrinkage should therefore be taken into consideration in patients with progressive pain chronic syndromes after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. PMID:23047409

  10. Stages of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

    MedlinePLUS

    ... ALL Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®) General Information About Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Key Points Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a type ...

  11. Higher Caspase-like activity in symptomatic isolates of Blastocystis spp

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Biochemical evidence of a caspase-like execution pathway has been demonstrated in a variety of protozoan parasites, including Blastocystis spp. The distinct differences in the phenotypic characterization reported previously have prompted us to compare the rate of apoptosis in Blastocystis spp. isolated from individuals who were symptomatic and asymptomatic. In the current study, we analysed the caspase activation involved in PCD mediated by a cytotoxic drug, (metronidazole) in both symptomatic & asymptomatic isolates. Methods Apoptosis was induced in Blastocystis spp. by treating cultures of symptomatic and asymptomatic isolates of 3 sub-types namely 1, 3 and 5 with two different concentrations, 0.1 and 0.0001 mg/ml of metronidazole (with and without pre-treatment with a pan-caspase inhibitor, zVAD.fmk). The experiment was repeated to assess the number of apoptotic cells in all the isolates of both conditions. Results Symptomatic isolates of subtype 3 (without pre-treatment with a pan-caspase inhibitor, zVAD.fmk) showed high fluorescence intensity for active caspase-like proteases [0.0001 mg/ml, 88% (p?symptomatic cells expressing active caspase-like proteases and becoming apoptotic compared to asymptomatic cells clearly demonstrates that the response to metronidazole treatment is isolate dependent. Hence this justifies the conflicting reports on the curative success rates when treated with this drug. The study has also created a need to identify apoptosis effectors in Blastocystis spp of different isolates especially as it was shown that apoptosis was sub-typed related. These findings can be exploited for the development of diagnostic markers and novel therapeutic drugs to enhance the effectiveness of the diagnosis and treatment of the patients infected with Blastocystis spp. PMID:24886677

  12. Developing Molecular Signatures for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

    PubMed Central

    Rimelen, Valérie; Civic, Natacha; Docquier, Mylène; Troussard, Xavier; Drénou, Bernard; Matthes, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a clonal malignancy of mature B cells that displays a great clinical heterogeneity, with many patients having an indolent disease that will not require intervention for many years, while others present an aggressive and symptomatic leukemia requiring immediate treatment. Although there is no cure for CLL, the disease is treatable and current standard chemotherapy regimens have been shown to prolong survival. Recent advances in our understanding of the biology of CLL have led to the identification of numerous cellular and molecular markers with potential diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic significance. We have used the recently developed digital multiplexed gene-expression technique (DMGE) to analyze a cohort of 30 CLL patients for the presence of specific genes with known diagnostic and prognostic potential. Starting from a set of 290 genes we were able to develop a molecular signature, based on the analysis of 13 genes, which allows distinguishing CLL from normal peripheral blood and from normal B cells, and a second signature based on 24 genes, which distinguishes mutated from unmutated cases (LymphCLL Mut). A third classifier (LymphCLL Diag), based on a 44-gene signature, distinguished CLL cases from a series of other B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders (n = 51). While the methodology presented here has the potential to provide a "ready to use" classification tool in routine diagnostics and clinical trials, application to larger sample numbers are still needed and should provide further insights about its robustness and utility in clinical practice. PMID:26046539

  13. Frequency and predictors of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage after intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke in a Brazilian public hospital

    PubMed Central

    Cougo-Pinto, Pedro Telles; dos Santos, Bruno Lopes; Dias, Francisco Antunes; Fabio, Soraia Ramos Cabette; Werneck, Ilana Vaula; Camilo, Millene Rodrigues; Abud, Daniel Giansante; Leite, João Pereira; Pontes-Neto, Octavio Marques

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Scarce data are available on the occurrence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage related to intravenous thrombolysis for acute stroke in South America. We aimed to address the frequency and clinical predictors of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage after stroke thrombolysis at our tertiary emergency unit in Brazil. METHOD: We reviewed the clinical and radiological data of 117 consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis in our hospital between May 2001 and April 2010. We compared our results with those of the Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke registry. Univariate and multiple regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with symptomatic intracranial transformation. RESULTS: In total, 113 cases from the initial sample were analyzed. The median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 16 (interquartile range: 10-20). The median onset-to-treatment time was 188 minutes (interquartile range: 155-227). There were seven symptomatic intracranial hemorrhages (6.2%; Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke registry: 4.9%; p?=?0.505). In the univariate analysis, current statin treatment and elevated National Institute of Health Stroke Scale scores were related to symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. After the multivariate analysis, current statin treatment was the only factor independently associated with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS: In this series of Brazilian patients with severe strokes treated with intravenous thrombolysis in a public university hospital at a late treatment window, we found no increase in the rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Additional studies are necessary to clarify the possible association between statins and the risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage after stroke thrombolysis. PMID:22892916

  14. Study of 500 patients with limb joint osteoarthritis. I. Analysis by age, sex, and distribution of symptomatic joint sites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Cushnaghan; P Dieppe

    1991-01-01

    Five hundred subjects with symptomatic limb joint osteoarthritis, who had been referred to a rheumatologist, were enrolled into a continuing study. They comprised 342 women (mean age 65.3) and 158 men (mean age 59.7), with a mean symptom duration of 15.4 years at entry. Only 31 patients (6%) had symptomatic osteoarthritis of one joint alone; however, in a further 205

  15. Giardia lamblia: Effect of Infection with Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Isolates on the Growth of Gerbils ( Meriones unguiculatus)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Humberto Astiazarán-Garc??a; Martha Espinosa-Cantellano; Guadalupe Castañón; Bibiana Chávez-Mungu??a; Adolfo Mart??nez-Palomo

    2000-01-01

    Astiazarán-Garc??a, H., Espinosa-Cantellano, M., Castañón, G., Chávez-Mungu??a, B., and Mart??nez-Palomo, A. 2000. Giardia lamblia: Effect of infection with symptomatic and asymptomatic isolates on the growth of gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). Experimental Parasitology95, 128–135. Gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) were intragastrically inoculated with axenic Giardia lamblia cultures from symptomatic and asymptomatic children. All isolates were able to colonize the duodenum. However, the colonization capacity

  16. Treating symptomatic hyperprolactinemia in women with schizophrenia: presentation of the ongoing DAAMSEL clinical trial (Dopamine partial Agonist, Aripiprazole, for the Management of Symptomatic ELevated prolactin)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Prolactin elevations occur in people treated with antipsychotic medications and are often much higher in women than in men. Hyperprolactinemia is known to cause amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, galactorrhea and gynecomastia in females and is also associated with sexual dysfunction and bone loss. These side effects increase risk of antipsychotic nonadherence and suicide and pose significant problems in the long term management of women with schizophrenia. In this manuscript, we review the literature on prolactin; its physiology, plasma levels, side effects and strategies for treatment. We also present the rationale and protocol for an ongoing clinical trial to treat symptomatic hyperprolactinemia in premenopausal women with schizophrenia. More attention and focus are needed to address these significant side effects and help the field better personalize the treatment of women with schizophrenia. PMID:23968123

  17. Depression and Chronic Illness

    MedlinePLUS

    ... related to increased symptoms of depression. Examples of chronic illness include: • heart disease • Parkinson’s disease • multiple sclerosis • stroke • ... not be dismissed as a “normal” reaction to chronic illness, but it is common. Depression is a problem ...

  18. Understanding Chronic Bronchitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... that 9.9 million Americans reported a physician diagnosis of chronic bronchitis. A person with chronic bronchitis also may develop emphysema. These two conditions together are commonly referred to ...

  19. Chronic thyroiditis (Hashimoto disease)

    MedlinePLUS

    Hashimoto thyroiditis; Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis; Autoimmune thyroiditis ... Chronic thyroiditis or Hashimoto disease is a common thyroid gland disorder. It can occur at any age, but is most often seen in ...

  20. What Is Chronic Myeloid Leukemia?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... about chronic myeloid leukemia? What is chronic myeloid leukemia? Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), also known as chronic ... is the same as for adults. What is leukemia? Leukemia is a cancer that starts in the ...

  1. Sleep and chronic pain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeanetta C Rains; Donald B Penzien

    2003-01-01

    Objective: The ?-EEG sleep anomaly has been associated with chronic benign pain syndromes. Although controversial, the anomaly is believed by some to be an important biologic correlate of certain otherwise poorly explained painful conditions (e.g., fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome). To shed further light on this phenomenon, this study compared the sleep and psychological characteristics of chronic pain patients who

  2. Chronic pain in adults.

    PubMed

    Ostler, Anneli

    2015-06-10

    Reading the CPD article helped improve my understanding of the importance of identifying chronic pain. Chronic pain may occur on its own or as a feature of other chronic conditions, and it may be nociceptive or neuropathic, or a combination of the two. PMID:26058654

  3. The short, the long and the “ultra-long”: Why duration of bronchodilator action matters in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kai M. Beeh; Jutta Beier

    2010-01-01

    Bronchodilators are the cornerstone of symptomatic treatment for all chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severity\\u000a stages when administered on a regular basis to prevent or reduce symptoms and exacerbations. The principal inhaled bronchodilator\\u000a treatments are beta-2 agonists and anticholinergics, used singularly or in combination. There is good evidence that regular\\u000a treatment with long-acting bronchodilators is more effective and convenient than

  4. Alternative to endoscopic sinus surgery in the management of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis refractory to oral antimicrobial therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CRAIG A. BUCHMAN; ROBERT F. YELLON; CHARLES D. BLUESTONE

    1999-01-01

    We determined the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of a treatment regimen consisting of maxillary sinus aspiration and irrigation with or without adenoidectomy, followed by culture-directed intravenous antibiotics and oral prophylaxis, for children with chronic rhinosinusitis refractory to oral antimicrobial therapy. Twenty-seven children (age 1–12 years, mean 6.7 years) with symptomatic (mean duration 16 months) and computed tomography-proven sinus disease, which

  5. Endophytic bacterial diversity in the phyllosphere of Amazon Paullinia cupana associated with asymptomatic and symptomatic anthracnose.

    PubMed

    Bogas, Andréa Cristina; Ferreira, Almir José; Araújo, Welington Luiz; Astolfi-Filho, Spartaco; Kitajima, Elliot Watanabe; Lacava, Paulo Teixeira; Azevedo, João Lúcio

    2015-01-01

    Endophytes colonize an ecological niche similar to that of phytopathogens, which make them candidate for disease suppression. Anthracnose is a disease caused by Colletotrichum spp., a phytopathogen that can infect guarana (Paullinia cupana), an important commercial crop in the Brazilian Amazon. We investigated the diversity of endophytic bacteria inhabiting the phyllosphere of asymptomatic and symptomatic anthracnose guarana plants. The PCR-denaturation gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) fingerprints revealed differences in the structure of the evaluated communities. Detailed analysis of endophytic bacteria composition using culture-dependent and 16S rRNA clone libraries revealed the presence of Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Acidobacteria phyla. Firmicutes comprised the majority of isolates in asymptomatic plants (2.40E(-4)). However, cloning and sequencing of 16S rRNA revealed differences at the genus level for Neisseria (1.4E(-4)), Haemophilus (2.1E(-3)) and Arsenophonus (3.6E(-5)) in asymptomatic plants, Aquicella (3.5E(-3)) in symptomatic anthracnose plants, and Pseudomonas (1.1E(-3)), which was mainly identified in asymptomatic plants. In cross-comparisons of the endophytic bacterial communities as a whole, symptomatic anthracnose plants contained higher diversity, as reflected in the Shannon-Weaver and Simpson indices estimation (P < 0.05). Similarly, comparisons using LIBSHUFF and heatmap analysis for the relative abundance of operational taxonomic units (OTUs) showed differences between endophytic bacterial communities. These data are in agreement with the NMSD and ANOSIM analysis of DGGE profiles. Our results suggest that anthracnose can restructure endophytic bacterial communities by selecting certain strains in the phyllosphere of P. cupana. The understanding of these interactions is important for the development of strategies of biocontrol for Colletotrichum. PMID:26090305

  6. Dentate gyrus network dysfunctions precede the symptomatic phase in a genetic mouse model of seizures

    PubMed Central

    Toader, Oana; Forte, Nicola; Orlando, Marta; Ferrea, Enrico; Raimondi, Andrea; Baldelli, Pietro; Benfenati, Fabio; Medrihan, Lucian

    2013-01-01

    Neuronal circuit disturbances that lead to hyperexcitability in the cortico-hippocampal network are one of the landmarks of temporal lobe epilepsy. The dentate gyrus (DG) network plays an important role in regulating the excitability of the entire hippocampus by filtering and integrating information received via the perforant path. Here, we investigated possible epileptogenic abnormalities in the function of the DG neuronal network in the Synapsin II (Syn II) knockout mouse (Syn II?/?), a genetic mouse model of epilepsy. Syn II is a presynaptic protein whose deletion in mice reproducibly leads to generalized seizures starting at the age of 2 months. We made use of a high-resolution microelectrode array (4096 electrodes) and patch-clamp recordings, and found that in acute hippocampal slices of young pre-symptomatic (3–6 week-old) Syn II?/? mice excitatory synaptic output of the mossy fibers is reduced. Moreover, we showed that the main excitatory neurons present in the polymorphic layer of the DG, hilar mossy cells, display a reduced excitability. We also provide evidence of a predominantly inhibitory regulatory output from mossy cells to granule cells, through feed-forward inhibition, and show that the excitatory-inhibitory ratio is increased in both pre-symptomatic and symptomatic Syn II?/? mice. These results support the key role of the hilar mossy neurons in maintaining the normal excitability of the hippocampal network and show that the late epileptic phenotype of the Syn II?/? mice is preceded by neuronal circuitry dysfunctions. Our data provide new insights into the mechanisms of epileptogenesis in the Syn II?/? mice and open the possibility for early diagnosis and therapeutic interventions. PMID:24009558

  7. Deuk Laser Disc Repair® is a safe and effective treatment for symptomatic cervical disc disease

    PubMed Central

    Deukmedjian, Ara J.; Jason Cutright, S. T.; Augusto Cianciabella, PA-C; Deukmedjian, Arias

    2013-01-01

    Background: Deuk Laser Disc Repair® is a new full-endoscopic surgical procedure to repair symptomatic cervical disc disease. Methods: A prospective cohort of 66 consecutive patients underwent cervical Deuk Laser Disc Repair® for one (n = 21) or two adjacent (n = 45) symptomatic levels of cervical disc disease and were evaluated postoperatively for resolution of headache, neck pain, arm pain, and radicular symptoms. All patients were candidates for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) or arthroplasty. The Mann–Whitney Wilcoxon test was used to calculate P values. Results: All patients (n = 66) had significant improvement in preoperative symptoms with an average symptom resolution of 94.6%. Fifty percent (n = 33) had 100% resolution of all preoperative cervicogenic symptoms. Only 4.5% (n = 3) had less than 80% resolution of preoperative symptoms. Visual analog scale (VAS) significantly improved from 8.7 preoperatively to 0.5 postoperatively (P < 0.001) for the cohort. Average operative and recovery times were 57 and 52 minutes, respectively. There were no perioperative complications. Recurrent disc herniation occurred in one patient (1.5%). Average postoperative follow-up was 94 days and no significant intergroup difference in outcomes was observed (P = 0.111) in patients with <90 days (n = 52) or >90 days (n = 14, mean 319 days) follow-up. No significant difference in outcomes was observed (P = 0.774) for patients undergoing one or two level Deuk Laser Disc Repair®. Patients diagnosed with postoperative cervical facet syndrome did significantly worse (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Deuk Laser Disc Repair® is a safe and effective alternative to ACDF or arthroplasty for the treatment of one or two adjacent symptomatic cervical disc herniations with an overall success rate of 94.6%. PMID:23776754

  8. Laparoscopic management of symptomatic nonparasitic cysts of the liver. Indications and results.

    PubMed Central

    Morino, M; De Giuli, M; Festa, V; Garrone, C

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This clinical study evaluated the results of and defined the indications for laparoscopic fenestration of symptomatic nonparasitic hepatic cysts, either solitary or diffuse. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Different surgical treatments have been proposed for highly symptomatic hepatic cysts: enucleation, fenestration, hepatic resection, and liver transplantation. The advent of laparoscopic surgery has given new opportunities but, at the same time, has increased the uncertainties concerning the proper management of these patients. METHODS: Eight patients with solitary cysts and nine with polycystic liver and kidney disease (PLD) were seen during a period of 2 years. After a careful review of the symptoms, 6 patients were excluded from surgical treatment and 11 (4 solitary cysts and 7 PLD) were treated by laparoscopic fenestration. Postoperative morbidity and mortality rates, hospital stay, and clinical early and late results were evaluated. RESULTS: In the solitary cyst group, there was no surgical morbidity or deaths, and a complete regression of symptoms occurred in all patients. No recurrences were observed. In the PLD group, two patients had to be converted to laparotomic fenestration (28%). There were no deaths, and the surgical morbidity was limited to two cases of postoperative ascites. Symptomatic relief was obtained in 80% of patients, but the symptoms recurred in 60%. A subgroup of PLD at high risk for recurrence was identified. CONCLUSIONS: The best indications for laparoscopic fenestration seem to be solitary cyst and PLD characterized by large cysts mainly located on the liver surface (type 1), whereas PLD characterized by numerous small cysts all over the liver (type 2) should be considered a contraindication to laparoscopic fenestration. Images Figure 1. Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 2. PMID:8129486

  9. Laparoscopic Management of Symptomatic Meckel's Diverticula: a Simple Tangential Stapler Excision

    PubMed Central

    Palanivelu, Chinnusamy; Senthilkumar, Rangasamy; Madankumar, Madhupalayam Velusamy

    2008-01-01

    Background: Meckel's diverticulum was first described about 400 years ago and continues to be a rare congenital disorder. Laparoscopic surgery for Meckel's diverticulum has been described in mostly case reports. We present our series of patients with symptomatic Meckel's diverticulum. Methods: We have treated 12 patients with symptomatic Meckel's diverticulum from 1994 through 2006 at our institution. All the patients presented with features of either appendicitis or peritonitis, some with a vague abdominal mass. Clinical diagnosis of Meckel's diverticulum was made in only 4 patients. Diagnostic laparoscopy confirmed Meckel's diverticulitis in all patients. Laparoscopic stapler resection of the lesions was performed for all patients, tangential excision in 10 and wedge excision in 2. Results: The incidence of Meckel's diverticulum at our institution is 0.3%. The majority of patients were male children. There were no staple-line leaks in any case. All patients recovered well postoperatively, and the day of discharge was in the range of the fourth to the seventh POD. Heterotopic gastric mucosa was found in the majority of the diverticula. Eight patients were followed up for 24 months, and 4 patients reported for follow-up after 45 months and were found to be symptom-free. Discussion: The diagnosis of Meckel's diverticulitis is rarely made preoperatively. Surgical resection is indicated only if the diverticulum is symptomatic or if the base is narrow. Traditionally, open wedge resection (including the anterior wall of the ileum) of the diverticulum is the treatment. We think that a simple tangential stapler resection can also be performed, with good outcome. Conclusion: Laparoscopy is useful in both diagnosis and treatment. Laparoscopic resection of Meckel's diverticulum is feasible and ideal, especially when performed in specialized centers. PMID:18402742

  10. Rotavirus Shedding in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Children using Reverse Transcription-Quantitative PCR

    PubMed Central

    Mukhopadhya, Indrani; Sarkar, Rajiv; Menon, Vipin Kumar; Babji, Sudhir; Paul, Anu; Rajendran, Priya; Sowmyanarayanan, Thuppal V.; Moses, Prabhakar D.; Iturriza-Gomara, Miren; Gray, James J.; Kang, Gagandeep

    2013-01-01

    Reverse transcription-real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) for the VP6 gene was used to study group A rotavirus shedding in children with symptomatic and asymptomatic rotavirus infection. Sequential stool samples (n=345) from ten children with rotavirus associated diarrhea and from five children (n=161) with asymptomatic rotavirus infection were collected over a period of two months. A RT-qPCR assay on the samples using a rotavirus VP6 plasmid standard demonstrated high reproducibility, with an inter-assay coefficient of variation (CV) of 1.40–2.97% and an intra-assay CV of 0.03–3.03%. The median duration of shedding was longer in children with diarrhea compared to asymptomatic children (24 days vs. 18 days) (p=0.066). The median quantitation cycle (Cq) at presentation in symptomatic children was 17.21 compared to 30.98 in asymptomatic children (p=0.086). The temporal pattern in symptomatic children consisted of a high initial viral shedding coinciding with the duration of diarrhea, followed by a rapid fall, and then a small increase in secondary shedding 21 days later. Compared to children with rotavirus diarrhea, those with asymptomatic infection shed lower quantities of virus throughout the observation period. No difference was noted between the G and P genotypes of samples collected at onset of infection and during the shedding period. Shedding was intermittent in a subset of children in both groups. RT-qPCR is a useful method to characterize shedding patterns. PMID:23775335

  11. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate supplementation to treat symptomatic disc degeneration: Biochemical rationale and case report

    PubMed Central

    van Blitterswijk, Wim J; van de Nes, Jos CM; Wuisman, Paul IJM

    2003-01-01

    Background Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate preparations are widely used as food supplements against osteoarthritis, but critics are skeptical about their efficacy, because of the lack of convincing clinical trials and a reasonable scientific rationale for the use of these nutraceuticals. Most trials were on osteoarthritis of the knee, while virtually no documentation exists on spinal disc degeneration. The purpose of this article is to highlight the potential of these food additives against cartilage degeneration in general, and against symptomatic spinal disc degeneration in particular, as is illustrated by a case report. The water content of the intervertebral disc is a reliable measure of its degeneration/ regeneration status, and can be objectively determined by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) signals. Case presentation Oral intake of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate for two years associated with disk recovery (brightening of MRI signal) in a case of symptomatic spinal disc degeneration. We provide a biochemical explanation for the possible efficacy of these nutraceuticals. They are bioavailable to cartilage chondrocytes, may stimulate the biosynthesis and inhibit the breakdown of their extracellular matrix proteoglycans. Conclusion The case suggests that long-term glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate intake may counteract symptomatic spinal disc degeneration, particularly at an early stage. However, definite proof requires well-conducted clinical trials with these food supplements, in which disc de-/regeneration can be objectively determined by MRI. A number of biochemical reasons (that mechanistically need to be further resolved) explain why these agents may have cartilage structure- and symptom-modifying effects, suggesting their therapeutic efficacy against osteoarthritis in general. PMID:12797867

  12. Transforaminal endoscopic surgery for symptomatic lumbar disc herniations: a systematic review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Nellensteijn, Jorm; Bartels, Ronald; Peul, Wilco; van Royen, Barend; van Tulder, Maurits

    2009-01-01

    The study design includes a systematic literature review. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of transforaminal endoscopic surgery and to compare this with open microdiscectomy in patients with symptomatic lumbar disc herniations. Transforaminal endoscopic techniques for patients with symptomatic lumbar disc herniations have become increasingly popular. The literature has not yet been systematically reviewed. A comprehensive systematic literature search of the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases was performed up to May 2008. Two reviewers independently checked all retrieved titles and abstracts and relevant full text articles for inclusion criteria. Included articles were assessed for quality and outcomes were extracted by the two reviewers independently. One randomized controlled trial, 7 non-randomized controlled trials and 31 observational studies were identified. Studies were heterogeneous regarding patient selection, indications, operation techniques, follow-up period and outcome measures and the methodological quality of these studies was poor. The eight trials did not find any statistically significant differences in leg pain reduction between the transforaminal endoscopic surgery group (89%) and the open microdiscectomy group (87%); overall improvement (84 vs. 78%), re-operation rate (6.8 vs. 4.7%) and complication rate (1.5 vs. 1%), respectively. In conclusion, current evidence on the effectiveness of transforaminal endoscopic surgery is poor and does not provide valid information to either support or refute using this type of surgery in patients with symptomatic lumbar disc herniations. High-quality randomized controlled trials with sufficiently large sample sizes are direly needed to evaluate if transforaminal endoscopic surgery is more effective than open microdiscectomy. PMID:19756781

  13. Uterine artery embolisation for symptomatic fibroids: the University of Malaya Medical Centre experience

    PubMed Central

    Subramaniam, RN; Vijayananthan, A; Omar, SZ; Nawawi, O; Abdullah, BJJ

    2010-01-01

    Background: Transcatheter uterine artery embolisation (UAE) for the treatment of symptomatic fibroids has been performed in several centres in the United States, Western Europe and Asia with promising results. This study reports the authors' experience with UAE at the University Malaya Medical Centre. Method: Fifty women with symptomatic uterine fibroids who declined surgery were treated by transcatheter UAE. The uterine arteries were selectively catheterised and embolised with polyvinyl alcohol particles. Post-procedure analgesia was administered via patient-controlled analgesic pump. The patients were followed up at an interval of 6/12 clinically and with MRI. Results: Transcatheter UAE was performed on all 50 patients with no major complications. 49 patients had both uterine arteries embolised while 1 patient had only the right uterine artery embolised on account of hypoplasia of the left uterine artery due to previous myomectomy. The mean hospital stay was 3.5 days (range, 2 to 7). At a mean follow-up of 24/52, all patients reported improvements in their presenting symptoms. Objective improvement in terms of reduction of uterine and fibroid sizes was determined on MRI. One patient, who initially responded with a decrease in uterine and dominant fibroid size, became symptomatic (menorrhagia) after 6 months and subsequent endometrial sampling revealed cystic glandular hyperplasia for which total abdominal hysterectomy was performed. Two other patients had no change in symptoms and after hysterectomy, the pathology revealed concurrent adenomyosis. Another 2 patients with cervical fibroids were treated with hysterectomy as there was no gross reduction in the size of fibroid following UAE. Overall, 90% of the patients had dramatic improvement of anaemia and symptoms at 1 year follow-up. Conclusion: Out of the 50 patients, 17 patients had total disappearance of their fibroids and 28 patients had more than 50% reduction in the size of fibroids after 1 year. 5 patients ended up with total abdominal hysterectomy. These results suggest that UAE is an appealing alternative to hysterectomy or myomectomy for many women with symptomatic fibroids. PMID:21611045

  14. Treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids with green tea extract: a pilot randomized controlled clinical study

    PubMed Central

    Roshdy, Eman; Rajaratnam, Veera; Maitra, Sarbani; Sabry, Mohamed; Allah, Abdou S Ait; Al-Hendy, Ayman

    2013-01-01

    Background Uterine fibroids (UFs, also known as leiomyoma) affect 70% of reproductive-age women. Imposing a major burden on health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) of premenopausal women, UF is a public health concern. There are no effective medicinal treatment options currently available for women with symptomatic UF. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy and safety of green tea extract (epigallocatechin gallate [EGCG]) on UF burden and quality of life in women with symptomatic UF, in a double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial. Methods A total of 39 reproductive-age women (age 18–50 years, day 3 serum follicle-stimulating hormone <10 \\U/mL) with symptomatic UF were recruited for this study. All subjects had at least one fibroid lesion 2 cm3 or larger, as confirmed by transvaginal ultrasonography. The subjects were randomized to oral daily treatment with either 800 mg of green tea extract (45% EGCG) or placebo (800 mg of brown rice) for 4 months, and UF volumes were measured at the end, also by transvaginal ultrasonography. The fibroid-specific symptom severity and HRQL of these UF patients were scored at each monthly visit, using the symptom severity and quality-of-life questionnaires. Student’s t-test was used to evaluate statistical significance of treatment effect between the two groups. Results Of the final 39 women recruited for the study, 33 were compliant and completed all five visits of the study. In the placebo group (n = 11), fibroid volume increased (24.3%) over the study period; however, patients randomized to green tea extract (n = 22, 800 mg/day) treatment showed significant reduction (32.6%, P = 0.0001) in total UF volume. In addition, EGCG treatment significantly reduced fibroid-specific symptom severity (32.4%, P = 0.0001) and induced significant improvement in HRQL (18.53%, P = 0.01) compared to the placebo group. Anemia also significantly improved by 0.7 g/dL (P = 0.02) in the EGCG treatment group, while average blood loss significantly decreased from 71 mL/month to 45 mL/month (P = 0.001). No adverse effects, endometrial hyperplasia, or other endometrial pathology were observed in either group. Conclusion EGCG shows promise as a safe and effective therapeutic agent for women with symptomatic UFs. Such a simple, inexpensive, and orally administered therapy can improve women’s health globally. PMID:23950663

  15. Transmission of calicivirus by a foodhandler in the pre-symptomatic phase of illness.

    PubMed Central

    Gaulin, C.; Frigon, M.; Poirier, D.; Fournier, C.

    1999-01-01

    After a Christmas party in a restaurant, 48 (68%) of the 82 guests contracted calicivirus gastroenteritis. The epidemiological investigation showed that salad was strongly associated with the disease episode (RR = 2.43, P = 0.0005). Similar symptoms occurred among other customers who had had a meal at the same restaurant on the same evening. A foodhandler who had only prepared salad and appetizers became sick about 30 min after the end of his shift. He had been free of symptoms while preparing food. Few outbreak investigations have shown calicivirus transmission by foodhandlers some hours before becoming symptomatic. PMID:10694160

  16. The Angelchik prosthesis for gastro-oesophageal reflux: symptomatic and objective assessment.

    PubMed Central

    Weaver, R. M.; Temple, J. G.

    1985-01-01

    Twenty-three patients with intractable gastro-oesophageal reflux were treated by insertion of the Angelchik antireflux prosthesis. Good symptomatic relief was achieved in over 80% of patients reviewed up to 28 months after operation and there was marked resolution of oesophagitis as seen on endoscopy. Oesophageal manometry and pH studies performed preoperatively and at 3 and 12 months after operation, showed a significant increase in lower oesophageal sphincter pressure with decreased acid reflux. Some technical problems were encountered, but the prosthesis is potentially a simple and effective means of controlling gastro-oesophageal reflux. Images Fig. 1 PMID:4051424

  17. Symptomatic anterior cerebral artery vasospasm after brainstem hemangioblastoma resection. A case report.

    PubMed

    Prontera, Andrea; Puzzolante, Annette; Carpeggiani, Paolo; Pavesi, Giacomo

    2014-04-01

    Diffuse cerebral vasospasm is a rare complication after brain tumour resection as opposed to that following an aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. Sellar tumours are among the most common pathologies and locations associated with this complication. Removal of posterior cranial fossa lesions is uncommonly associated with vasospasm, with only nine reported cases. We describe a case of diffuse symptomatic vasospasm mainly involving the right anterior cerebral artery, angiographically confirmed, after resection of a haemangioblastoma of the medulla in an adult patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease. The possible pathogenesis of this phenomenon is discussed. PMID:24750707

  18. Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE) or Embolization (TAE) for Symptomatic Bone Metastases as a Palliative Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuya Koike; Kenji Takizawa; Yukihisa Ogawa; Ayako Muto; Misako Yoshimatsu; Kunihiro Yagihashi; Yasuo Nakajima

    Purpose  This study was designed to evaluate the effect of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE)\\/embolization (TAE) for symptomatic\\u000a bone metastases especially in palliation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Between April 2006 and December 2009, 24 bone metastatic lesions of 18 patients (8 women and 10 men; mean age, 64 years) underwent\\u000a palliative TACE or TAE. A total of 40 sessions were performed, with 1–4 sessions per lesion. The

  19. Defunctioning Stoma Reduces Symptomatic Anastomotic Leakage After Low Anterior Resection of the Rectum for Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Matthiessen, Peter; Hallböök, Olof; Rutegård, Jörgen; Simert, Göran; Sjödahl, Rune

    2007-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this randomized multicenter trial was to assess the rate of symptomatic anastomotic leakage in patients operated on with low anterior resection for rectal cancer and who were intraoperatively randomized to a defunctioning stoma or not. Summary Background Data: The introduction of total mesorectal excision surgery as the surgical technique of choice for carcinoma in the lower and mid rectum has led to decreased local recurrence and improved oncological results. Despite these advances, perioperative morbidity remains a major issue, and the most feared complication is symptomatic anastomotic leakage. The role of the defunctioning stoma in regard to anastomotic leakage is controversial and has not been assessed in any randomized trial of sufficient size. Methods: From December 1999 to June 2005, a total of 234 patients were randomized to a defunctioning loop stoma or no loop stoma. Loop ileostomy or loop transverse colostomy was at the choice of the surgeon. Inclusion criteria for randomization were expected survival >6 months, informed consent, anastomosis ?7 cm above the anal verge, negative air leakage test, intact anastomotic rings, and absence of major intraoperative adverse events. Results: The overall rate of symptomatic leakage was 19.2% (45 of 234). Patients randomized to a defunctioning stoma (n = 116) had leakage in 10.3% (12 of 116) and those without stoma (n = 118) in 28.0% (33 of 118) (odds ratio = 3.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.6–6.9; P < 0.001). The need for urgent abdominal reoperation was 8.6% (10 of 116) in those randomized to stoma and 25.4% (30 of 118) in those without (P < 0.001). After a follow-up of median 42 months (range, 6–72 months), 13.8% (16 of 116) of the initially defunctioned patients still had a stoma of any kind, compared with 16.9% (20 of 118) those not defunctioned (not significant). The 30-day mortality after anterior resection was 0.4% (1 of 234) and after elective reversal a defunctioning stoma 0.9% (1 of 111). Median age was 68 years (range, 32–86 years), 45.3% (106 of 234) were females, 79.1% (185 of 234) had preoperative radiotherapy, the level of anastomosis was median 5 cm, and intraoperative blood loss 550 mL, without differences between the groups. Conclusion: Defunctioning loop stoma decreased the rate of symptomatic anastomotic leakage and is therefore recommended in low anterior resection for rectal cancer. PMID:17667498

  20. Symptomatic hypocalcaemia secondary to PTH resistance associated with hypomagnesaemia after elective embolisation of uterine fibroid

    PubMed Central

    Griffin, Tomas Patrick; Murphy, Michael; Coulter, John; Murphy, Matthew StJohn

    2013-01-01

    Four weeks after elective embolisation of a symptomatic benign uterine fibroid, a lady presented to her general practitioner with facial twitching and severe lassitude. Acute hypocalcaemia was diagnosed. Further investigations demonstrated hypomagnesaemia. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) was within normal limits. Symptoms and the acute metabolic disturbance resolved with treatment by oral magnesium and calcium supplementation. While lassitude is a common symptom of postfibroid embolisation and may last for up to 6?weeks, the presentation with facial twitching alerted the clinician to a potential electrolyte or metabolic imbalance. This is a first reported case of hypomagnesaemia associated with PTH resistance leading to hypocalcaemia precipitated by alcohol particle embolisation for benign fibroid disease. PMID:23784757

  1. Assessment and Management of Proximal and Incomplete Symptomatic Obstruction of the Lacrimal Drainage System

    PubMed Central

    Kashkouli, Mohsen Bahmani; Pakdel, Farzad; Kiavash, Victoria

    2012-01-01

    Epiphora is a common complaint of patients who present to an Ophthalmology Clinic. In many cases, epiphora is due to an obstruction in the lacrimal drainage system. However, a subgroup of symptomatic patients with epiphora has a patent lacrimal drainage system. Such cases are usually termed ‘functional obstruction’ and / or ‘stenosis of the lacrimal drainage system’. Various etiologies and diagnostic and therapeutic approaches have been described in literature, which implies the lack of a standardized approach. This article will review the evolving diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in literature, and in the end, propose a paradigm in approaching this group of patients. PMID:22346116

  2. The serology of chronic hepatitis B infection revisited.

    PubMed Central

    Maruyama, T; McLachlan, A; Iino, S; Koike, K; Kurokawa, K; Milich, D R

    1993-01-01

    The serology of chronic hepatitis B infection has been established through the use of commercial immunoassays to measure the structural antigens of the hepatitis B virus and their respective antibodies in serum. However, the commercial assays have not been designed to detect serum antibodies in the presence of an excess of circulating antigens. A series of serum samples from 200 HBeAg-positive, chronically infected hepatitis B patients with varying degrees of liver disease were analyzed using novel immunoassays designed to detect antibodies in the presence of circulating viral antigens. All patients, regardless of their liver disease, were seronegative for antibodies specific for the envelope antigens or the secreted nucleoprotein antigen (HBeAg) when the commercial assays were used. In contrast, virtually all chronically infected patients with liver disease and approximately 50% of patients without liver disease demonstrated anti-HBe and anti-envelope antibodies when sera were tested in the more sensitive immunoassays. Furthermore, asymptomatic patients could be serologically distinguished from symptomatic patients based on antibody fine specificity, titer, and IgG subclass. This study revealed that the majority of chronically infected hepatitis B patients produce a variety of antibodies for many years, and are not immunologically unresponsive, as suggested by the current assays. Images PMID:8514870

  3. Ischiofemoral impingement resulting from a chronic avulsion injury of the hamstrings.

    PubMed

    Hayat, Zara; Konan, Sujith; Pollock, Rob

    2014-01-01

    Significantly reduced distance between the ischium and the femur can result in symptomatic hip pain as a result of impingement. We present the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented with groin pain which had been affecting him for a year and a half following an innocuous football injury. Plain radiograph revealed a chronic apophyseal avulsion fracture of the ischium with excessive callus formation. CT scan and MRI revealed that the bony protuberance was responsible for symptomatic ischiofemoral impingement. In this case, he was successfully treated with non-operative management involving slow re-introduction to exercise. An unusual example of acquired ischiofemoral impingement, unrelated to surgery or significant trauma, this case highlights the need to consider such a diagnosis in otherwise unexplained groin pain. PMID:24966262

  4. Diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the Swiss guidelines. Official guidelines of the Swiss Respiratory Society.

    PubMed

    Russi, E W; Karrer, W; Brutsche, M; Eich, C; Fitting, J W; Frey, M; Geiser, T; Kuhn, M; Nicod, L; Quadri, F; Rochat, T; Steurer-Stey, C; Stolz, D

    2013-01-01

    The new Swiss Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Guidelines are based on a previous version, which was published 10 years ago. The Swiss Respiratory Society felt the need to update the previous document due to new knowledge and novel therapeutic developments about this prevalent and important disease. The recommendations and statements are based on the available literature, on other national guidelines and, in particular, on the GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) report. Our aim is to advise pulmonary physicians, general practitioners and other health care workers on the early detection and diagnosis, prevention, best symptomatic control, and avoidance of COPD as well as its complications and deterioration. PMID:23406723

  5. A case of symptomatic cervical perineural (Tarlov) cyst: clinical manifestation and management.

    PubMed

    Kim, Keewon; Chun, Se Woong; Chung, Sun G

    2012-01-01

    Perineural (Tarlov) cysts are most often found in the sacral region and are rare in the cervical spine. Although they are usually asymptomatic, a small number of those at the lumbosacral level have been known to produce localized or radicular pain. Few reports are available on symptomatic perineural cysts in the cervical spine and it has not been discussed how they should be managed. We present here a case of cervical perineural cysts with persistent radicular pain where the pain was adequately managed with repetitive transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI). The patient had experienced intractable pain in the posterior neck and left upper extremity for more than 7 years. The nature of the pain was cramping and a tingling sensation, which was aggravated in the supine position. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a perineural cyst in the neural foramen of left C7 root. The patient underwent three repetitive TFESIs targeted at the root. Each injection provided incremental relief, which lasted more than 6 months. Follow-up image revealed shrinkage of the cyst. This case illustrates in detail the clinical manifestation of a rare symptomatic perineural cyst in the cervical region and to our knowledge is the first to report the beneficial effect of repetitive TFESI. PMID:21830055

  6. In vitro method to differentiate isolates of type III Streptococcus agalactiae from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients.

    PubMed Central

    Maurer, J J; Mattingly, S J

    1988-01-01

    Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci) isolates from infected infants have been demonstrated to have three- to fourfold or higher levels of cell-associated lipoteichoic acid than isolates from asymptomatically colonized infants, suggesting a role for this cell surface polymer in the relative virulence of these organisms. The present study indicates that symptomatic isolates of type III group B streptococci can be readily differentiated from asymptomatic strains by their response to various levels of phosphate in a chemically defined medium (FMC). Both classes of isolates had the same doubling time (TD of 30 to 35 min) in FMC containing 65 mM sodium phosphate. However, levels of phosphate greater than 125 mM distinguished the two classes of strains. Asymptomatic strains pregrown in 65 mM phosphate to the stationary phase rapidly initiated growth at elevated phosphate levels, while symptomatic strains initiated growth only after a prolonged incubation period (greater than 400 min). These results suggest that the physiological growth response of clinical isolates of group B streptococci to phosphate can serve as a diagnostic aid in screening potentially virulent strains in pregnant women and newborn infants. PMID:3284898

  7. Symptomatic Venous Thromboembolism Is a Disease Related to Infection and Immune Dysfunction

    PubMed Central

    Duan, Qianglin; Gong, Zhu; Song, Haoming; Wang, Lemin; Yang, Fan; Lv, Wei; Song, Yanli

    2012-01-01

    The characteristics of human genomics and cellular immune function between clinically symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) and controls were systematically compared to explore the immunologic pathogenesis of VTE. Microarray assay showed the mRNA expressions of genes related to non-specific cellarer immune and cytokines were significantly down-regulated. Abnormal expressions of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, NK marker CD16+56+, CD19 and aberrant CD4+/CD8+ ratio were detected in 54 among 56 patients. In PE patients, microarray assay revealed the imbalance in the expressions of genes related to the immune system. The expressions of genes related to non-specific immune cells and cytokines were markedly up-regulated and those associated with cellular immune were dramatically down-regulated. In VTE patients, cytological examination indicated the functions of NK cells were significantly compromised, and the antigen recognition and killing function of T cells markedly decreased. The consistence between genomic and cytological examination suggests the symptomatic VTE is closely associated with the infection and immune dysfunction. PMID:22859906

  8. Level and Determinants of Knowledge of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis among Railway Workers in Malaysia

    PubMed Central

    Menke, J. Michael; Challakere Ramaswamy, Vasudeva Murthy; Abdul Manaf, Rizal; Alabsi, Aied M.; Al-Dubai, Sami Abdo Radman

    2014-01-01

    Background. Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, an ancient malady greatly impairing modern population quality of life, has stimulated global attention to find effective modes of prevention and intervention. Purpose. This study aimed to assess factors affecting knowledge of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (knee OA) among Malaysian railway workers. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 513 railway workers involving eight major states within Peninsular Malaysia using population-based sampling. The assessment instrument was a face-validated, prepiloted, self-administered instrument with sociodemographics and knowledge items on knee OA. Results. Mean (±SD) age of the respondents was 41.4 (±10.7), with the majority aged 50 years or older (34.9%). Of the total respondents, 53.6% had low levels of knowledge of knee OA disease. Multivariate analysis found that four demographic predictors, age ?50 years, family history of knee OA, self-awareness, and clinical diagnosis of the disease entity, were significantly associated with knowledge scores. Conclusion. The finding of a low level knee OA knowledge among Malaysian railway workers points to an urgent need for massive information to be disseminated among the workers at risk to foster primary prevention and self-care. PMID:24701573

  9. Effect of statin use on outcome of symptomatic cholelithiasis: a case-control study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Statins can modify bile cholesterol and, thus, the formation of gallstones. We examined whether statin use also modifies the severity of symptomatic gallstone disease and its treatment. Methods A total of 1,140 consecutive patients with symptomatic gallstone disease were recruited during 2008-2010 at Kuopio university hospital, Finland. Case-control analysis matched the patients using (n?=?272) or not using (n?=?272) statins by age and sex. The baseline characteristics of the patients, need and type of surgical treatment, duration of operation, perioperative bleeding, postoperative complications and overall mortality rate were compared statistically between the study groups. Results Morbidity and subsequent polypharmacy occurred more frequently among the patients with statins compared to the patients without statins. There were no significant differences between the statin users and non-users regarding surgical treatment (open vs. laparoscopic cholecystectomy). The mean operation time for laparoscopic cholecystectomy was 10% shorter for the patients with statin use than for the patients without. In addition, there was a non-significant tendency for statin users to bleed less during laparoscopic operations than the non-users. There were no differences in other procedure-related parameters (e.g., operation urgency, conversions, choledochotomies, complications and mortality) in patients with or without statins. Conclusions Compared to no treatment, statin treatment was associated with a shorter operation time for laparoscopy cholecystectomy. Other surgical outcome parameters were similar in patients with or without statins, although statin users had more polypharmacy and circulatory illnesses than non-users. PMID:24993977

  10. Is increased time to diagnosis and treatment in symptomatic cancer associated with poorer outcomes? Systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Neal, R D; Tharmanathan, P; France, B; Din, N U; Cotton, S; Fallon-Ferguson, J; Hamilton, W; Hendry, A; Hendry, M; Lewis, R; Macleod, U; Mitchell, E D; Pickett, M; Rai, T; Shaw, K; Stuart, N; Tørring, M L; Wilkinson, C; Williams, B; Williams, N; Emery, J

    2015-01-01

    Background: It is unclear whether more timely cancer diagnosis brings favourable outcomes, with much of the previous evidence, in some cancers, being equivocal. We set out to determine whether there is an association between time to diagnosis, treatment and clinical outcomes, across all cancers for symptomatic presentations. Methods: Systematic review of the literature and narrative synthesis. Results: We included 177 articles reporting 209 studies. These studies varied in study design, the time intervals assessed and the outcomes reported. Study quality was variable, with a small number of higher-quality studies. Heterogeneity precluded definitive findings. The cancers with more reports of an association between shorter times to diagnosis and more favourable outcomes were breast, colorectal, head and neck, testicular and melanoma. Conclusions: This is the first review encompassing many cancer types, and we have demonstrated those cancers in which more evidence of an association between shorter times to diagnosis and more favourable outcomes exists, and where it is lacking. We believe that it is reasonable to assume that efforts to expedite the diagnosis of symptomatic cancer are likely to have benefits for patients in terms of improved survival, earlier-stage diagnosis and improved quality of life, although these benefits vary between cancers. PMID:25734382

  11. A novel technique of arthroscopic excision of a symptomatic os trigonum.

    PubMed

    Horibe, Shuji; Kita, Keisuke; Natsu-ume, Takashi; Hamada, Masayuki; Mae, Tatsuo; Shino, Konsei

    2008-01-01

    We describe a new arthroscopic excision technique for a symptomatic os trigonum. With the patient lying in a prone position, a posterolateral portal just lateral to the Achilles tendon, at the 5-mm level proximal to the tip of the fibula, is used for the arthroscope and an accessory posterolateral portal just posterior to the peroneal tendon at the same level is used for instruments. The synovial tissues are then debrided with a power shaver through the accessory posterolateral portal for better visualization. An elevator is used to release the fibrous tissue between the os trigonum and the talus. The os trigonum is completely excised with a grasper to visualize the flexor hallucis longus tendon. Radiographic control is helpful to check the position of the arthroscope if it happens to be inserted into the ankle joint as a result of the reduced subtalar joint space. Postoperatively, no immobilization is necessary, and full weight-bearing is allowed as tolerated. Three of us have performed 11 procedures with excellent results and no cases of complications. This arthroscopic excision technique for the symptomatic os trigonum is a safe and effective procedure. PMID:18182212

  12. Argon laser photocoagulation of symptomatic flap tears and retinal breaks of fellow eyes.

    PubMed Central

    Pollak, A; Oliver, M

    1981-01-01

    A series of 95 eyes (93 patients) with retinal breaks, high-risk candidates for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, were treated prophylactically with argon laser photocoagulation (ALP). Group A comprised 74 eyes with flap symptomatic tears. In 28 of these (subgroup A (1)) the size of the tear was smaller than 1 disc diameter and greater than 1/3 disc diameter. In 46 eyes (subgroup A (2)) the size of the tear was at least 1 disc diameter but not greater than 3 disc diameters. Group B comprised 21 fellow eyes with 34 retinal breaks in patients who had retinal detachment in the other eye. One patient of subgroup A (1) developed a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment 6 days after ALP treatment. One patient of group B developed a retinal detachment after cataract extraction. This detachment was unrelated to the previously treated retinal break. In the series of group A the mean follow-up period was 27.8 months. From previously reported follow-up data it is probable that at least in the case of flap symptomatic tears our results can be considered conclusive. There were no complications related to the prophylactic treatment of dangerous retinal breaks with ALP. This form of treatment is accurate, easy to use, and comfortable for the patient. ALP would appear to be superior to xenon arc photocoagulation and cryopexy. PMID:7196256

  13. Improvement of Vergence Movements by Vision Therapy Decreases K-ARS Scores of Symptomatic ADHD Children.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sun Haeng; Moon, Byeong-Yeon; Cho, Hyun Gug

    2014-02-01

    [Purpose] To determine whether the improvement of vergence movements by vision therapy can decrease the K-ARS scores of symptomatic ADHD children. [Methods] Eighty-one out of 1,123 children surveyed using the K-ARS, a parents'-reported questionnaire, led to 16 of these 81 children being showed scores of ?19, and measurement of binocular function diagnosed as having convergence insufficiency. The 16 children were divided equally into a control group and a vision therapy group. [Results] After vision therapy for 12 weeks, near point convergence (4.38±0.69?cm) significantly neared compared to the near point convergence before vision therapy (11.50±2.28?cm), and both the break point (32.38±2.53 ?) and recovery point (19.75±2.11 ?) of near positive fusional vergence significantly improved compared to their values before vision therapy (15.88±2.64 ?, 6.38±6.70 ?, respectively). Near exophoria after vision therapy (7.81±2.00 ? BI) significantly decreased compared to its value before vision therapy (12.00±1.16 ? BI). The K-ARS scores referring to symptomatic ADHD significantly decreased after vision therapy (17.13±2.84) compared to before vision therapy (23.25±1.49). [Conclusions] Convergence insufficiency symptoms are closely related to symptoms screened for ADHD, and vision therapy to improve vergence movements is an effective method of decreasing the K-ARS scores. PMID:24648636

  14. Evaluation of symptomatic slow-acting drugs in osteoarthritis using the GRADE system

    PubMed Central

    Bruyère, Olivier; Burlet, Nansa; Delmas, Pierre D; Rizzoli, René; Cooper, Cyrus; Reginster, Jean-Yves

    2008-01-01

    Background Symptomatic slow-acting drugs (SYSADOA) have been largely studied over the last decade. The objective of this study is to prepare a document providing recommendations for the use of SYSADOA in osteoarthritis (OA). Methods The following interventions were taken into consideration: avocado/soybean unsaponifiables, chondroitin sulfate, diacereine, glucosamine sulfate, hyaluronic acid, oral calcitonin, risedronate, strontium ranelate. Recommendations were based on the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) system. The GRADE system is based on a sequential assessment of the quality of evidence, followed by assessment of the balance between benefits versus downsides and subsequent judgment about the strength of recommendations. Results Chondroitin sulfate, diacereine, glucosamine sulfate, avocado/soybean unsaponifiables and hyaluronic acid have demonstrated pain reduction and physical function improvement with very low toxicity, with moderate to high quality evidence. Even if pre-clinical data and some preliminary in vivo studies have suggested that oral calcitonin and strontium ranelate could be of potential interest in OA, additional well-designed studies are needed. Conclusion In the benefit/risk ratio, the use of chondroitin sulfate, diacereine, glucosamine sulfate, avocado/soybean unsaponifiables and hyaluronic acid could be of potential interest for the symptomatic management of OA. PMID:19087296

  15. Symptomatic Arnold-Chiari malformation: review of experience with 22 cases.

    PubMed

    Bell, W O; Charney, E B; Bruce, D A; Sutton, L N; Schut, L

    1987-06-01

    Twenty-two patients with closed myelomeningoceles, shunted hydrocephalus, and symptomatic Arnold-Chiari malformations were studied retrospectively. Seventeen of the 22 patients were aged 6 months or younger; five patients were aged 3 to 23 years. Patients in the younger group presented with stridor, apnea, and/or feeding difficulty; those in the older group presented with hemiparesis, quadriparesis, oscillopsia, nystagmus, or opisthotonos. Fourteen of the 17 younger patients underwent surgical decompression of the Arnold-Chiari malformation: 10 within 18 days following the onset of symptoms and four on Day 19 or later. Of the 10 infants with early treatment, five eventually died secondary to continued symptoms and five survived. Of those surviving, three were asymptomatic and two had continuing symptoms but were improved over their preoperative state. Among the four patients undergoing surgery later, two died, one had lessening of stridor, and one had complete relief of symptoms. Of the three infants not undergoing decompression, two died and one eventually became asymptomatic. All five of the older patients underwent decompression and all had complete resolution of their preoperative symptoms and signs. The authors conclude that while decompression of a symptomatic Arnold-Chiari malformation may be effective in children and adults, this treatment does not always improve the clinical condition of infants. This may be the result of ischemic/hypoxic effects on the infant's brain stem, which may not be organized normally at birth. PMID:3572510

  16. Symptomatic schwannoma of the abdominal wall: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    BALZAROTTI, RUBEN; RONDELLI, FABIO; BARIZZI, JESSICA; CARTOLARI, ROBERTO

    2015-01-01

    Schwannoma is a rare, benign tumor that arises from the nerve sheath. This tumor usually involves the extremities, but can also be found in the head and neck, trunk, pelvis, retroperitoneum, mediastinum and gastrointestinal tract. In numerous cases, the tumors are asymptomatic and are identified incidentally on physical examination or imaging. Occasionally, schwannoma is symptomatic due to compression of surrounding large nerves. In the present study, a 57-year-old female presented to the surgical outpatient’s department due to a well-localized parietal pain in the left lower quadrant. The onset of the pain occurred three years prior to presentation, without apparent cause and in the absence of other symptoms. Ultrasound and a computed tomography scan revealed a small solid tumor in the anterior abdominal wall, which was dimensionally stable over time, but was not noted in a preliminary analysis by a radiologist. The lesion was surgically removed using an anterior surgical approach. Histopathology revealed the tumor to be benign schwannoma. The painful symptoms completely disappeared. To the best of our knowledge, this is the third case of an abdominal wall benign schwannoma in the medical literature, and the first symptomatic case. PMID:25663862

  17. T-cell activation discriminates subclasses of symptomatic primary humoral immunodeficiency diseases in adults

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Symptomatic Primary Humoral Immunodeficiency Diseases (PHID) constitute a highly heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by a shared hypogammaglobulinemia, resulting in increased risk of recurrent or severe infections. Associations have been described with a variety of immunological abnormalities involving B and T-cell differentiation, T-cell activation and innate immunity. However, PHID discrimination remains based on B-lymphocyte abnormalities and other components of the immune system have not been sufficiently taken into account. We carried out unsupervised and supervised methods for classification in a cohort of 81 symptomatic PHID patients to evaluate the relative importance of 23 immunological parameters and to select relevant markers that may be useful for diagnosis and prognosis. Results We identified five groups of patients, among which the percentage of PHID complications varied substantially. Combining the set of markers involved in PHID supported the existence of two distinct mechanisms associated with complications. Switched memory B-cell attrition and CD8+ HLA-DR?+?activated T-cell increase were the prominent abnormalities observed in PHID complications. Furthermore, in a subgroup of 57 patients with common variable immunodeficiency, the classification that added CD8+ HLA-DR?+?to the consensual EUROclass classification was better than the EUROclass model in predicting complications. Conclusion These results highlight the importance of T-cell activation that may improve discrimination of PHID patients in specific subgroups and help to identify patients with different clinical outcomes. PMID:24621280

  18. Improvement of Vergence Movements by Vision Therapy Decreases K-ARS Scores of Symptomatic ADHD Children

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sun Haeng; Moon, Byeong-Yeon; Cho, Hyun Gug

    2014-01-01

    [Purpose] To determine whether the improvement of vergence movements by vision therapy can decrease the K-ARS scores of symptomatic ADHD children. [Methods] Eighty-one out of 1,123 children surveyed using the K-ARS, a parents’-reported questionnaire, led to 16 of these 81 children being showed scores of ?19, and measurement of binocular function diagnosed as having convergence insufficiency. The 16 children were divided equally into a control group and a vision therapy group. [Results] After vision therapy for 12 weeks, near point convergence (4.38±0.69?cm) significantly neared compared to the near point convergence before vision therapy (11.50±2.28?cm), and both the break point (32.38±2.53 ?) and recovery point (19.75±2.11 ?) of near positive fusional vergence significantly improved compared to their values before vision therapy (15.88±2.64 ?, 6.38±6.70 ?, respectively). Near exophoria after vision therapy (7.81±2.00 ? BI) significantly decreased compared to its value before vision therapy (12.00±1.16 ? BI). The K-ARS scores referring to symptomatic ADHD significantly decreased after vision therapy (17.13±2.84) compared to before vision therapy (23.25±1.49). [Conclusions] Convergence insufficiency symptoms are closely related to symptoms screened for ADHD, and vision therapy to improve vergence movements is an effective method of decreasing the K-ARS scores. PMID:24648636

  19. Laparoscopic Management of Symptomatic Multiple Hepatic Cysts: a Combination of Deroofing and Radical Excision

    PubMed Central

    Palanivelu, Chinnusamy; Senthilkumar, Rangasamy; Madankumar, Madhupalayam Velusamy

    2007-01-01

    Background: Liver cysts have been estimated to occur in 5% of the population. Multiple liver cysts can also be part of the polycystic disease complex. Only symptomatic or complicated cysts need surgery. Traditionally, laparotomy is the procedure of choice. We present our experiences with laparoscopic management of both symptomatic multiple liver cysts and polycystic liver disease. Methods: Between 1995 and 2006, we treated 12 patients with large, multiple liver cysts, including 4 cases of polycystic liver disease. Most of the patients were elderly males. The lung and other organs were not involved in any case. Laparoscopic deroofing or radical excision with omentoplasty was successfully performed in these patients. Results: Postoperatively, 4 patients had fluid draining through the drainage tube for an average of 10 days. One patient had ascites that resolved spontaneously. Cysts recurred in 5 patients. Discussion: There are not many reports in the literature regarding large series of patients, further confirming the rarity of the disease. Liver cysts can occur as a part of polycystic renal and lung disease or isolated to the liver alone. Laparoscopic deroofing is the ideal treatment for nonpolycystic liver disease, and laparoscopic radical excision is ideal for polycystic liver disease. Simple needle aspiration or sclerotherapy is inadequate as recurrence is almost 100%. Conclusion: Currently, laparoscopy scores over laparotomy for the treatment of nonparasitic liver cysts as evidenced by this and other studies. PMID:18237512

  20. Symptomatic Early Osteoarthritis of the Knee Treated With Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields

    PubMed Central

    Lad, Dnyanesh; Petrera, Massimo; Karnatzikos, Georgios

    2014-01-01

    Objective: In vitro and in vivo studies have proven a pro-anabolic and anti-catabolic activity within cartilage with the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs). This has piqued interest of sports physicians for its use in the treatment of early osteoarthritis (OA). The aim was to determine if the use of PEMFs in patients with early OA of the knee would lead to an improved clinical outcome. Study design: Prospective case series. Methods: Twenty-two patients aged between 30 and 60 years who underwent treatment with PEMFs (4-hour treatment per day, duration 45 days) were included. All patients presented with symptomatic early OA with grade 0-2 changes (Kellgren-Lawrence classification) at the pretreatment evaluation. Patients were evaluated before treatment, at 1- and 2-year follow-up using visual analogue scale for pain, International Knee Documentation Committee objective, Tegner, and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores. Results: A significant improvement in all scores was observed at 1-year follow-up (P = 0.008). At 2-year follow-up, results deteriorated but were still superior to pretreatment levels (P = 0.02). No adverse reactions or side effects were seen. Conclusions: This study showed that the use of PEMFs in patients with symptomatic early OA of the knee led to significant improvement in symptoms, knee function, and activity at 1-year follow-up. There was a significant decline in all the scores at 2-year follow-up.

  1. Association of host, agent and environment characteristics and the duration of incubation and symptomatic periods of norovirus gastroenteritis.

    PubMed

    Devasia, T; Lopman, B; Leon, J; Handel, A

    2015-08-01

    We analysed the reported duration of incubation and symptomatic periods of norovirus for a dataset of 1022 outbreaks, 64 of which reported data on the average incubation period and 87 on the average symptomatic period. We found the mean and median incubation periods for norovirus to be 32·8 [95% confidence interval (CI) 30·9-34·6] hours and 33·5 (95% CI 32·0-34·0) hours, respectively. For the symptomatic period we found the mean and median to be 44·2 (95% CI 38·9-50·7) hours and 43·0 (95% CI 36·0-48·0) hours, respectively. We further investigated how these average periods were associated with several reported host, agent and environmental characteristics. We did not find any strong, biologically meaningful associations between the duration of incubation or symptomatic periods and the reported host, pathogen and environmental characteristics. Overall, we found that the distributions of incubation and symptomatic periods for norovirus infections are fairly constant and showed little differences with regard to the host, pathogen and environmental characteristics we analysed. PMID:25483148

  2. Evaluation of Fixation Disparity Curve Parameters With the Modified Near Mallett Unit in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic University Students

    PubMed Central

    Momeni Moghadam, Hamed; A Goss, David; Yekta, Abbas A; Ehsani, Marzieh

    2013-01-01

    Background Research suggests that fixation disparity data are extremely useful in the assessment of the binocular and accommodative systems. Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate fixation disparity curve (FDC) parameters with a modified near Mallett unit in symptomatic and asymptomatic students of Paramedical Sciences School of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in 2007. Patients and Methods In this analytical-descriptive study, 100 students were selected randomly and divided into symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Fixation disparity curve parameters were determined for each subject and compared in symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Results There were more subjects with exo fixation disparity than eso fixation disparity in the study sample. The means for fixation disparity, fixation disparity curve x-intercept, and slope with the modified Mallett unit were each significantly different by Mann-Whitney U test in the symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Also there was a significant difference in the distributions of fixation disparity curve types in the two symptom groups by Chi-square test. Conclusions The X-intercepts (point at which the FDC crosses the X-axis) were on average more in the base-in direction, Y-intercepts (point at which the FDC crosses the Y-axis) were shifted in the exo direction, and slopes were steeper in the symptomatic group. PMID:24719687

  3. Chronic Idiopathic Diarrhea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence R. Schiller

    \\u000a Chronic diarrhea is defined as passage of loose stools for more than 4 weeks. In most instances the cause of chronic diarrhea\\u000a can be discovered and treated effectively. A few less common causes also play a role: laxative abuse, small bowel bacterial\\u000a overgrowth, and even bile acid malabsorption. Rarer syndromes account for a much smaller percentage of chronic diarrheas but

  4. The effect of mild symptomatic patellar tendinopathy on the quadriceps contractions and the Fente motion in elite fencers

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Taegyu; Kim, Eunkuk; Park, Jongchul; Kang, Hyunyong

    2011-01-01

    To investigate how mild symptomatic patellar tendinopathy (PT) affects quadriceps contractions and the Fente motion, this case-control study examined elite fencers who continue to train and play fully with mild tendon pains. Twenty-four elite fencers (10 women) with mild symptomatic PT and 24 controls (10 women) participated in the study. Concentric/eccentric isokinetic strength of the quadriceps was tested, and peak torque and total work were recorded. Kinematic data from the knee during the Fente motion were collected. The first analysis period (P1) was after heel contact to the maximal flexion of the knee, and the second (P2) was right after P1 to heel-off. Normalized peak torque and work of concentric/eccentric contractions were not significantly different. Affected fencers demonstrated significantly reduced angular velocities at P2 (p = 0.042). The male fencers did not demonstrate any differences. The affected female fencers demonstrated significantly weaker concentric peak torque at 60°·s-1 (p = 0. 009) and 180°·s-1 (p = 0.047) and less concentric work at 60°·s-1 (p = 0.020). They also demonstrated significantly reduced average angular velocities at P2 (p = 0.001). Therefore, mild symptomatic PT seems to have an effect on the isokinetic concentric contraction of the quadriceps and the angular velocity of the knee during the backward Fente motion in elite female fencers who are participating fully in training and competition. Key points It is likely that even mild symptomatic patellar tendinopathy could affect the athletic performances in elite fencers. Elite female fencers are more likely to be affected substantially by symptomatic patellar tendinopathy in their sporting ability than male fencers. Because weak concentric knee extensors may affect the performance in fencing, not only eccentric training for symptomatic patellar tendinopathy but also proper concentric training of the quadriceps may be helpful in a rehabilitation program of elite female fencers who are participating fully in their training and competition. PMID:24149561

  5. Phase 1 safety and tolerability study of BMP-7 in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background There are no proven therapies that modify the structural changes associated with osteoarthritis (OA). Preclinical data suggests that intra-articular recombinant human BMP-7 (bone morphogenetic protein-7) has reparative effects on cartilage, as well as on symptoms of joint pain. The objective of this study was to determine the safety and tolerability as well as dose-limiting toxicity and maximal tolerated dose of intra-articular BMP-7. The secondary objectives were to determine the effect on symptomatic responses through 24 weeks. Methods This was a Phase 1, double-blind, randomized, multi-center, placebo-controlled, single-dose escalation safety study consisting of 4 dosing cohorts in participants with knee OA. Each cohort was to consist of 8 treated participants, with treatment allocation in a 3:1 active (intra-articular BMP-7) to placebo ratio. Eligible participants were persons with symptomatic radiographic knee OA over the age of 40. The primary objective of this study was to determine the safety and tolerability of BMP-7 including laboratory assessments, immunogenicity data and radiographic assessments. Secondary objectives were to determine the proportion of participants with a 20%, 50%, and 70% improvement in the WOMAC pain and function subscales at 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks. Other secondary outcomes included the change from baseline to 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks for the OARSI responder criteria. Results The mean age of participants was 60 years and 73% were female. All 33 participants who were enrolled completed the study and most adverse events were mild or moderate and were similar in placebo and BMP-7 groups. The 1 mg BMP-7 group showed a higher frequency of injection site pain and there was no ectopic bone formation seen on plain x-rays. By week 12, most participants in both the BMP-7 and placebo groups experienced a 20% improvement in pain and overall the BMP-7 group was similar to placebo with regard to this measurement. In the participants who received 0.1 mg and 0.3 mg BMP-7, there was a trend toward greater symptomatic improvement than placebo. The other secondary endpoints showed similar trends including the OARSI responder criteria for which the BMP-7 groups had more responders than placebo. Conclusions There was no dose limiting toxicity identified in this study. The suggestion of a symptom response, together with the lack of dose limiting toxicity provide further support for the continued development of this product for the treatment of osteoarthritis. PMID:20932341

  6. Left ventricular diastolic function in asymptomatic and symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus carriers: an echocardiographic study.

    PubMed

    Coudray, N; de Zuttere, D; Force, G; Champetier de Ribes, D; Pourny, J C; Antony, I; Lecarpentier, Y; Chemla, D

    1995-01-01

    Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a systemic illness affecting multiple organs, including the heart. Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction has been reported as the first echocardiographically detectable abnormality in several cardiovascular disorders. We tested the hypothesis that Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) carriers have LV diastolic impairment when studied early in the clinical course of the infection. Doppler echocardiographic and computerized time-motion parameters of LV diastolic function were obtained in 51 HIV patients and in 25 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The HIV population consisted of 28 totally asymptomatic subjects and 23 patients with incipient AIDS. As compared to controls, the HIV group had similar heart rate, blood pressure level, LV dimensions and fractional shortening, but increased isovolumetric relaxation time (P = 0.03), early filling duration (P < 0.001) and decreased early mitral flow peak velocity (E) (P = 0.02) and EF slope (P < 0.001). HIV patients also showed lower values for posterior wall thinning (PWT, P < 0.01) and peak lengthening velocity of the posterior wall (PVL, P < 0.05), and a trend to a decreased peak rate of LV enlargement in diastole (D+, P = 0.05). Doppler-derived parameters of diastolic function were significantly altered in the asymptomatic HIV group vs controls. The LV diastolic indices were similar in symptomatic and asymptomatic HIV patients except for PWT, which was lower in the symptomatic HIV group (P = 0.04). Since mild and focal wall motion abnormalities were detected in 11 HIV carriers (22%), comparison of LV diastolic indexes between HIV patients and controls was also performed in two subgroups; these included asymptomatic (n = 26) and symptomatic (n = 14) patients with normal contractile state. The two subgroups had abnormalities of diastolic function similar to those of the HIV group as a whole, but with somewhat lower levels of statistical significance. Our data strongly suggest that there is myocardial involvement at the early stage of HIV infection; however, its impact on the clinical course of the disease remains to be clarified. PMID:7737224

  7. Differences in access to zidovudine (AZT) among symptomatic HIV-infected persons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael D. Stein; John Piette; Vincent Mor; Tom J. Wachtel; John Fleishman; Kenneth H. Mayer; Charles C. J. Carpenter

    1991-01-01

    Object:To evaluate socioeconomic factors that determine whether symptomatic HIV-infected persons are offered zidovudine (AZT).\\u000a \\u000a Design:Cross-sectional survey conducted as part of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s AIDS Health Services Program.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting:Public hospital clinics and community-based AIDS organizations in nine American cities.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Patients:880 HIV-seropositive outpatients interviewed between October 1988 and May 1989.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Main results:Males were more likely to have been offered AZT

  8. Neuropsychological deficits in symptomatic minor head injury patients after concussion and mild concussion.

    PubMed Central

    Leininger, B E; Gramling, S E; Farrell, A D; Kreutzer, J S; Peck, E A

    1990-01-01

    Recent studies have concluded that most individuals who sustain minor head injury are free of persistent neuropsychological dysfunction. Nevertheless, a subgroup of patients experience continuing post-concussive difficulties and neuropsychological deficits. This study examined 53 symptomatic minor head injury patients referred for neuropsychological evaluation between one and 22 months after injury. These individuals performed significantly poorer than uninjured controls on four of eight neuropsychological tests. Patients who lost consciousness during injury obtained test scores similar to persons who experienced disorientation or confusion but no loss of consciousness. The results indicate that minor head injury patients who report post-concussive symptoms possess measurable neuropsychological deficits and the severity of these deficits is independent of neurological status immediately following injury. PMID:2341842

  9. Effectiveness of intravenous ilomedin infusion and smoking cessation in the treatment of acutely symptomatic Buerger disease.

    PubMed

    Spanos, Kostas; Georgiou, Evangelia; Saleptsis, Vassileios; Athanasoulas, Athanasios; Sakkas, Lazaros; Giannoukas, Athanasios D

    2015-02-01

    We assessed the effectiveness of iloprost treatment in the management of symptomatic Buerger disease (BD) and assessed smoking cessation compliance, based on a single-center experience. Thirteen patients with BD were treated with sessions of intravenous (IV) Ilomedin infusion. At 1-year follow-up, pain status alteration, number of analgesics required, ankle-brachial index (ABI) change, compliance with supervised smoking cessation, and amputation-free rate were recorded. The pain status improved considerably according to a visual analog scale, the number of analgesics required was significantly reduced, and all patients improved their pain-free walking distance, the ABI, and their self-reported quality of life. Only 2 patients required minor amputations. Combination of IV Ilomedin infusion, supervised smoking cessation, and a specific follow-up protocol may lead to improvement in pain-free walking distance, pain status, quality of life, and substantial reduction in amputation risk. PMID:24366824

  10. Corrective otoplasty for symptomatic prominent ears in U.S. soldiers.

    PubMed

    Salgado, Christopher J; Mardini, Samir

    2006-02-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate U.S. Army soldiers who presented to the plastic surgery service with the inability to properly wear a government-issued Kevlar field helmet because of their prominent ear deformity. Between September 2000 and April 2002, four patients with prominent ears and helical rim skin abrasions with breakdown attributable to abutment from their helmets underwent open otoplasty with conchal bowl resection via a posterior approach. Symptomatic relief and cosmetic improvement were obtained, with no incidence of complications or recurrence during the follow-up period, which ranged from 9 to 22 months. All patients were able to wear their Army-issued Kevlar helmets without difficulty after surgery. Otoplasty is an effective, reliable procedure that has now been performed to alleviate symptoms in an otherwise asymptomatic patient population. PMID:16578981

  11. Venous Covered Stent: Successful Occlusion of a Symptomatic Internal Iliac Arteriovenous Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Cronin, P.; McPherson, S.; Meaney, J.F. [Department of Radiology, Jubilee Wing, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX (United Kingdom); Mavor, A. [Department of Vascular Surgery, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX (United Kingdom)

    2002-08-15

    We report the placement of a covered stent within the internal iliac vein (IIV) to occlude a symptomatic iatrogenic internal iliac arteriovenous fistula following an abdominal aortic graft. Angiography revealed a direct communication between an internal iliac graft to artery anastomosis and the right IIV with rapid shunting into the inferior vena cava and a small associated pseudoaneurysm. Femoral, brachial or axillary arterial access was precluded. The fistula was successfully occluded by a stent-graft placed in the IIV. Arteriovenous fistula can be treated in a number of ways including covered stent placement on the arterial side. To the best of our knowledge this is the first time placement in a vein has been described. Where access is difficult or the procedure carries a high risk of complication, avenous covered stent may offer an alternative.

  12. Carotid endarterectomy in a young symptomatic patient with B-thalassemia major.

    PubMed

    Kotsis, Thomas; Pappas, Evangelos; Sarmas, Georgios; Basilopoulou, Sofia; Hatzioannou, Achilles; Theodoraki, Kassiani; Mylonas, Spyridon; Speggos, Konstantinos

    2015-05-01

    ?-thalassemia major promotes atherosclerotic process, although the debating literature concerning the lipidic profile of young patients; it is well accepted that there is early vascular destruction in these homozygous patients either as a direct consequence of the genetic disorder per se or because of the repeated transfusions and the iron overload. Despite the potential of the disease for local brain thrombotic events, accelerated atheromatosis can lead to early thromboembolic events. We present an interesting case of a 36-year-old man with unilateral embolic infarcts (repeated transient ischemic attacks) originated from a near occlusion right carotid stenosis with additional peripheral thrombus. The patient underwent a successful carotid endarterectomy with primary arterial closure with uneventful postoperative course, confirmed by a clear postoperative angiography; he remains asymptomatic 18 months later. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of a young symptomatic patient with ?-thalassemia major who underwent carotid repair. PMID:25681635

  13. A double blind comparative study of usefulness of clonidine and symptomatic therapy in opiate detoxication.

    PubMed

    Satija, D C; Natani, G D; Purohit, D R; Gaur, R; Bhati, G S

    1988-01-01

    Several studies in West have indicated that clonidine hydrochloride, an adrenergic blocking agent is both safe and effective for detoxifying narcotic addicts. One hundred and two patients of opium addition admitted in Psychiatry Center Jodhpur were subjects for present study. The patients were divided into group A, B and C having thirty four in each group. These groups were identical with regards to sociodemographic variables, mean dose of opium and duration of intake. Group A was given clonidine in small doses, Group B symptomatic therapy and group C was given clonidine in high doses. Study was double blind. Record of blood pressure, pulse rate, other vital sign and withdrawal symptom (on Physician's Rating Scale) was kept twice daily, Treatment was continued for two weeks. Clonidine in high doses proved to be more effective than other therapies. PMID:21927283

  14. A DOUBLE BLIND COMPARATIVE STUDY OF USEFULNESS OF CLONIDINE AND SYMPTOMATIC THERAPY IN OPIATE DETOXICATION

    PubMed Central

    Satija, D.C.; Natani, G.D.; Purohit, D.R.; Gaur, R.; Bhati, G.S.

    1988-01-01

    SUMMARY Several studies in West have indicated that clonidine hydrochloride, an adrenergic blocking agent is both safe and effective for detoxifying narcotic addicts. One hundred and two patients of opium addition admitted in Psychiatry Center Jodhpur were subjects for present study. The patients were divided into group A, B and C having thirty four in each group. These groups were identical with regards to sociodemographic variables, mean dose of opium and duration of intake. Group A was given clonidine in small doses, Group B symptomatic therapy and group C was given clonidine in high doses. Study was double blind. Record of blood pressure, pulse rate, other vital sign and withdrawal symptom (on Physician's Rating Scale) was kept twice daily, Treatment was continued for two weeks. Clonidine in high doses proved to be more effective than other therapies. PMID:21927283

  15. Symptomatic radial artery thrombosis successfully treated with endovascular approach via femoral access route.

    PubMed

    Pasha, Ahmed Khurshid; Elder, Mahir D; Malik, Umer Ejaz; Khalid, Abdullah Mian; Noor, Zeeshan; Movahed, Mohammad Reza

    2014-01-01

    Radial access has been increasingly utilized for coronary intervention due to higher safety profile in comparison to femoral access site with lower bleeding rate. Radial artery occlusion is not uncommon with radial access site. This usually does not lead to any harm due to ulnar artery collaterals that are sufficient to prevent hand ischemia and is usually left alone. However, in the case of significant hand ischemia, treatment is often necessary. We are reporting an interesting case of symptomatic radial artery thrombosis leading to arm ischemia that was successfully treated percutaneously using femoral access. Using femoral access for radial artery intervention has not been reported previously. This case is followed by review of the literature. PMID:24850619

  16. Value of low-power lasers in the treatment of symptomatic spondilosis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antipa, Ciprian; Moldoveanu, Vladimir; Rusca, Nicolae; Bruckner, Ion I.; Vlaiculescu, Mihaela; Ionescu, Elena; Vasiliu, Virgil V.

    1998-07-01

    Low power laser (LPL) use in the treatment of arthrosic rheumatism is well known. From a total number of 280 patients with symptomatic spondylosis we finally selected 66, with changes of the EEG color mapping. These investigation was done before and after treatment in order to obtain an objective method to appreciate these results. The patients were splitted in laser group (36 patients treated with HeNe and IR diode LPL) and control group (30 patients treated with placebo laser). The results indicate a significant improvement of the symptoms at 77% of the patients from laser group as compared with 33% favorable results at the placebo laser. The EEG mapping improved at 58% patients from laser group as compared with 20% at the control group.

  17. [Symptomatic Black Queen Cell Virus infection of drone brood in Hessian apiaries].

    PubMed

    Siede, Reinhold; Büchler, Ralph

    2003-01-01

    The Black Queen Cell Virus (BQCV) can affect brood of the honey bee (Apis mellifera). In general queen cells are endangered showing dark coloured cell walls as typical symptoms. Worker- and dronebrood can be infected by BQCV but normally without clinical symptoms. This paper describes for the first time a symptomatic BQCV-infection of diseased drone brood found on two bee yards in Hessen/Germany in 2001. The drone larvae were seriously damaged and some of them were dead. Samples of the affected brood were tested for BQCV by the PCR detection method. A BQCV specific nucleic acid fragment was found. The PCR product were sequenced and aligned with the relevant GenBank entry. At the nucleic acid level as well as at the deduced protein level the isolate showed a high similarity with the south african isolate noted in GenBank. PMID:12680279

  18. Symptomatic Spinal Epidural Lipomatosis After a Single Local Epidural Steroid Injection

    SciTech Connect

    Tok, Chung Hong, E-mail: rogertok@gmail.com; Kaur, Shaleen [University of Malaya, Department of Biomedical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine (Malaysia); Gangi, Afshin [University Hospital of Strasbourg, Department of Radiology B (France)

    2011-02-15

    Spinal epidural lipomatosis is a rare disorder that can manifest with progressive neurological deficits. It is characterized by abnormal accumulation of unencapsulated epidural fat commonly associated with the administration of exogenous steroids associated with a variety of systemic diseases, endocrinopathies, and Cushing syndrome (Fogel et al. Spine J 5:202-211, 2005). Occasionally, spinal epidural lipomatosis may occur in patients not exposed to steroids or in patients with endocrinopathies, primarily in obese individuals (Fogel et al. Spine J 5:202-211, 2005). However, spinal lumbar epidural lipomatosis resulting from local steroid injection has rarely been reported. We report the case of a 45-year-old diabetic man with claudication that was probably due to symptomatic lumbar spinal lipomatosis resulting from a single local epidural steroid injection.

  19. Interventional Treatment of a Symptomatic Neonatal Hepatic Cavernous Hemangioma Using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug

    SciTech Connect

    Kretschmar, Oliver, E-mail: oliver.kretschmar@kispi.unizh.ch; Knirsch, Walter [University Children's Hospital Zurich, Division of Pediatric Cardiology (Switzerland); Bernet, Vera [University Children's Hospital Zurich, Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care (Switzerland)

    2008-03-15

    Percutaneous intervention is one treatment option for symptomatic hepatic hemangioma in infants. We report the case of a newborn (birth weight 4060 g) with a large hepatic cavernous hemangioma, which presented early with high cardiac output failure due to arteriovenous shunting and signs of incipient Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. We performed a successful superselective transcatheter coil embolization of three feeding arteries on the seventh day of life. Because of remaining diffuse very small arteries causing a relevant residual shunt, additional occlusion of the three main draining veins was necessary with three Amplatzer vascular plugs. Cardiac failure resolved immediately. Without any additional therapy the large venous cavities disappeared within the following months. The tumor continues to regress in size 8 months after the intervention.

  20. Symptomatic Extensive Thoracolumbar Epidural Hematoma Following Lumbar Disc Surgery Treated by Single Level Laminectomy

    PubMed Central

    Ali, Youssef; Roux, François-Xavier; Meder, Jean-François

    2012-01-01

    Spinal epidural hematomas (SEHs) are rare complications following spine surgery, especially for single level lumbar discectomies. The appropriate surgical management for such cases remains to be investigated. We report a case of an extensive spinal epidural hematoma from T11-L5 following a L3-L4 discectomy. The patient underwent a single level L4. A complete evacuation of the SEH resulted in the patient's full recovery. When presenting symptoms limited to the initial surgical site reveal an extensive postoperative SEH, we propose: to tailor the surgical exposure individually based on preoperative findings of the SEH; and to begin the surgical exposure with a limited laminectomy focused on the symptomatic levels that may allow an efficient evacuation of the SEH instead of a systematic extensive laminectomy based on imaging. PMID:22708022

  1. Chronic Disease Indicators

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Center for Disease Control

    The Chronic Disease Indicators (CDI) is a cross-cutting set of 97 indicators that were developed by consensus and that allows states and territories and large metropolitan areas to uniformly define, collect, and report chronic disease data that are important to public health practice and available for states, territories and large metropolitan areas. 

  2. Chronic actinic dermatitis.

    PubMed

    Booth, Alexandria V; Mengden, Stephanie; Soter, Nicholas A; Cohen, David

    2008-01-01

    A 71-year-old man presented with a six-year history of a pruritic, erythematous, blistering eruption of the face, chest, and arms. Clinical findings, histopathologic features, and phototests were consistent with a diagnosis of chronic actinic dermatitis. The patient also had contact allergy and photocontact allergy to multiple allergens. A discussion of chronic actinic dermatitis is presented. PMID:18627761

  3. Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans attenuates neuroinflammation in symptomatic hSOD1G93A mice

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder characterized by selective motor neuron death in the spinal cord, brainstem, and motor cortex. Neuroinflammation is one of several pathological causes of degenerating motor neurons and is induced by activated microglial cells and astrocytes in ALS. Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans (SSM) is utilized in traditional Chinese and Korean medicine for the treatment of a variety of diseases, such as cancer, apoplexy, and epilepsy. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of SSM are currently unclear, even though SSM increases immune and antibiotic activity. Methods To determine the effects of SSM on symptomatic hSOD1G93A transgenic mice, SSM (2.5 ??/g) was injected bilaterally at the Zusanli (ST36) acupoint three times per week for two weeks. The effects of SSM treatment on anti-neuroinflammation in the brainstem and spinal cord of hSOD1G93A mice were assessed via Nissl and Fluoro-Jade B (FJB) staining, and immunohistochemistry using Iba-1, CD14, HO1, and NQO1 proteins was evaluated by Western blotting. Results In this study, we investigated whether SSM affects neuroinflammation in the spinal cord of symptomatic hSOD1G93A transgenic mice. We found that SSM treatment attenuated the loss of motor neurons and reduced the activation of microglial cells and astrocytes. Furthermore, we demonstrated that SSM administration in this animal model of ALS suppressed oxidative stress in the brainstem and spinal cord by 1.6- and 1.8-fold, respectively. Conclusions Our findings suggest that SSM, which has previously been used in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), might also be considered as an anti-neuroinflammatory therapy for neurodegenerative diseases. PMID:24168240

  4. Characteristics of Symptomatic Intracranial Hemorrhage in Patients Receiving Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulant Therapy

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The first non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) introduced to the market in Japan was dabigatran in March 2011, and three more NOACs, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban, have since become available. Randomized controlled trials of NOACs have revealed that intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) occurs less frequently with NOACs compared with warfarin. However, the absolute incidence of ICH associated with NOACs has increased with greater use of these anticoagulants, and we wanted to explore the incidence, clinical characteristics, and treatment course of patients with NOACs-associated ICH. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the characteristics of symptomatic ICH patients receiving NOACs between March 2011 and September 2014. Results ICH occurred in 6 patients (5 men, 1 woman; mean ± SD age, 72.8 ± 3.2 years). Mean time to onset was 146.2 ± 111.5 days after starting NOACs. Five patients received rivaroxaban and 1 patient received apixaban. None received dabigatran or edoxaban. Notably, no hematoma expansion was observed within 24 h of onset in the absence of infusion of fresh frozen plasma, activated prothrombin complex concentrate, recombinant activated factor VIIa or hemodialysis. When NOAC therapy was initiated, mean HAS-BLED and PANWARDS scores were 1.5 ± 0.5 and 39.5 ± 7.7, respectively. Mean systolic blood pressure was 137.8 ± 15.9 mmHg within 1 month before spontaneous ICH onset. Conclusion Six symptomatic ICHs occurred early in NOAC therapy but hematoma volume was small and did not expand in the absence of infusion of reversal agents or hemodialysis. The occurrence of ICH during NOAC therapy is possible even when there is acceptable mean systolic blood pressure control (137.8 ± 15.9 mmHg) and HAS-BLED score ? 2. Even stricter blood pressure lowering and control within the acceptable range may be advisable to prevent ICH during NOAC therapy. PMID:26171862

  5. Symptomatic carotid atherosclerotic disease: correlations between plaque composition and ipsilateral stroke risk

    PubMed Central

    Rothwell, Peter M; Redgrave, Jessica N; Moll, Frans L; de Vries, Jean-Paul PM; de Kleijn, Dominique PV; den Ruijter, Hester M; de Borst, Gert Jan; Pasterkamp, Gerard

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE For symptomatic patients with carotid artery stenosis the risk-benefit for surgical intervention may vary among patient groups. Various modalities of plaque imaging have been promoted as potential tools for additional risk stratification, particularly in patients with moderate stenosis. However, it remains uncertain to what extent carotid plaque components predict risk of future ipsilateral ischaemic stroke. METHODS In two large atherosclerotic carotid plaque biobank studies, we related histological characteristics of 1640 carotid plaques with a validated risk model for the prediction of individual 1- and 5-year stroke risk. RESULTS No significant heterogeneity between the studies was found. Predicted 5-year stroke risk (top versus bottom quartile) was related to plaque thrombus (OR=1.42, 95%CI 1.11-1.89, p=0.02), fibrous content (0.65, 0.49-0.87, p=0.004), macrophage infiltration (1.41, 1.05-1.90, p=0.02), high micro-vessel density (1.49, 1.05-2.11, p=0.03), and overall plaque instability (1.40, 1.05-1.87,p=0.02). This association was not observed for cap thickness, calcification, intra-plaque haemorrhage, or lymphocyte infiltration. Plaques removed within 30-days of most recent symptomatic event were most strongly correlated with predicted stroke risk. CONCLUSIONS Features of ‘the vulnerable carotid plaque’ including plaque thrombus, low fibrous content, macrophage infiltration and microvessel density correlate with predicted stroke risk. This study provides a basis for plaque imaging studies focused on stroke risk stratification. PMID:25477221

  6. Ulipristal acetate: a novel option for the medical management of symptomatic uterine fibroids.

    PubMed

    Talaulikar, Vikram S; Manyonda, Isaac T

    2012-08-01

    Fibroids, the most common tumor in women of reproductive age, impact negatively on women's health and quality of life, and have significant cost implications for their management. The current mainstay treatments are surgical (myomectomy and hysterectomy) and more recently radiological (UAE and focused ultrasound surgery). Hysterectomy is curative but precludes future fertility, whereas the impact of the other treatments on reproduction is uncertain. With women in Western societies deferring childbearing to their 30s and 40s, when fibroids are most symptomatic, there is a pressing need for a uterus-sparing medical therapy that is cheap, effective, and enhances reproductive potential. Serendipity and meticulous translational research has shown that progesterone augments fibroid proliferation, raising the possibility that progesterone receptor modulators could inhibit fibroid growth; this research has culminated in the emergence of ulipristal acetate (UA), a first-in-class, oral selective progesterone receptor modulator (SPRM) that has successfully completed phase III clinical trials. It has been licensed in Western Europe for short-term clinical use prior to surgery, and has shown efficacy with a significant reduction in uterine bleeding, fibroid volume, and improved quality of life, without the side effects associated with other medications such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists. As with all new medicines, there are concerns surrounding UA, not least its effect on the endometrium and the long-term impact on general health and reproduction. Research to date has tended to be industry led, and therefore, there is a need for researcher/clinician-led studies to address the wider issues concerning SPRMs. UA may not turn out to be the "Holy Grail" of medical therapy in the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids, but it has rightly given cause for a huge optimism. Further laboratory and clinical research into PRMs and related compounds will no doubt lead to more refined medications. PMID:22903240

  7. Post-operative enoxaparin prevents symptomatic venous thromboembolism in high-risk plastic surgery patients

    PubMed Central

    Pannucci, Christopher J.; Dreszer, George; Wachtman, Christine Fisher; Bailey, Steven H.; Portschy, Pamela R.; Hamill, Jennifer B.; Hume, Keith M.; Hoxworth, Ronald E.; Rubin, J. Peter; Kalliainen, Loree K.; Pusic, Andrea L.; Wilkins, Edwin G.

    2015-01-01

    Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major patient safety issue. The PSF-sponsored Venous Thromboembolism Prevention Study (VTEPS) examined whether post-operative enoxaparin prevents symptomatic VTE in plastic surgery patients. Methods VTEPS eligibility criteria included age ?18, general anesthesia, and post-operative hospital admission. In 2009, four sites uniformly adopted a clinical protocol. Patients with Caprini score ?3 received post-operative enoxaparin prophylaxis starting 6–8 hours after surgery and continuing for the duration of their inpatient stay. VTEPS historic control patients had an operation between 2006 and 2008 but received no chemoprophylaxis for 60 days after surgery. The primary study outcome was symptomatic 60-day VTE. Stratified analyses were performed. Multivariable logistic regression controlled for baseline risk and other identified confounders. Results 3334 patients (1876 controls and 1458 enoxaparin patients) were included. Notable risk reduction was present in patients with Caprini >8 (8.54% vs. 4.07%, p=0.182) and Caprini 7–8 (2.55% vs. 1.15%, p=0.230) who received post-operative enoxaparin. Logistic regression was limited to highest risk patients (Caprini ?7) and demonstrated that length of stay (LOS) ?4 days (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 4.63, p=0.007) and Caprini score >8 (OR 2.71, p=0.027) were independent predictors of VTE. When controlling for LOS and Caprini score, receipt of post-operative enoxaparin was protective against VTE (OR 0.39, p=0.042). Conclusions In high-risk plastic surgery patients, post-operative enoxaparin prophylaxis is protective against 60-day VTE when controlling for baseline risk and LOS. Hospitalization ?4 days is an independent risk factor for VTE. Clinical Question Risk Level of Evidence III (retrospective cohort study) PMID:22030491

  8. Neuropeptide Y Receptors in Carotid Plaques of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Patients: Effect of Inflammatory Cytokines

    PubMed Central

    Pankajakshan, Divya; Jia, Guanghong; Pipinos, Iraklis; Tyndall, Steve H.; Agrawal, Devendra K

    2011-01-01

    Aims Cytokines released by the immune cells at the site of plaque milieu induce smooth muscle cell apoptosis to promote plaque instability. But, neuropeptide Y (NPY), a pleotropic factor, may modulate the effects of cytokines in atherosclerotic plaques of patients with carotid stenosis. Our aim was to investigate the relative expression of NPY-Y1, NPY-Y2 and NPY-Y5 receptors on carotid plaque vascular smooth muscle cells (pVSMCs) of symptomatic (S) and asymptomatic (AS) patients and examine the effect of inflammatory cytokines on the expression of NPY receptors, that may attenuate plaque rupture. Methods and Results In healthy carotid artery, there was significantly increased immunopositivity and increased mRNA transcripts of NPY-Y1 and NPY-Y5 receptors in thin sections and isolated VSMCs, respectively, compared to S and AS plaques. However, the NPY-Y2 expression was higher in S and AS pVSMCs than controls. Stimulation of the cells with TNF-?, IL-12 or IFN-? (50 ng/ml) decreased mRNA transcripts of NPY-Y1 and NPY-Y5 and increased NPY-Y2 mRNAs in VSMCs of healthy carotid artery. The effect of the cytokines on mRNA transcripts of NPY-Y5 and NPY-Y2 in pVSMCs of S and AS patients was similar to healthy VSMCs, but with variable effect on NPY-Y1. Conclusion Increased expression of NPY-Y2 receptors in symptomatic pVSMCs than in healthy and asymptomatic subjects suggests a potential role of NPY-Y2 in plaque instability. This is further supported by the pronounced effect of atheroma-associated cytokines to increase NPY-Y2 mRNA transcripts in pVSMCs of patients with carotid stenosis. PMID:21352822

  9. Radiosurgery for symptomatic cavernous malformations: A multi-institutional retrospective study in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Kida, Yoshihisa; Hasegawa, Toshinori; Iwai, Yoshiyasu; Shuto, Takashi; Satoh, Manabu; Kondoh, Takeshi; Hayashi, Motohiro

    2015-01-01

    Background: A group study for symptomatic cavernous malformation (CM) treated with gamma knife (GK) surgery was performed. Methods: A total of 298 cases collected from 23 GK centers across Japan were included. Hemorrhage was the most common manifestation, followed by seizures and neurological deficits. Most of the lesions were located in the brainstem and basal ganglia, followed by the cerebral or cerebellar hemispheres. The CMs, which had a mean diameter of 14.8 mm, were treated using GK surgery with a mean marginal dose of 14.6 Gy. Results: In terms of hemorrhage-free survival (HFS), a marked dissociation was confirmed between the hemorrhage and seizure groups, while no obvious difference was noted between sexes. Superficial CMs located in cerebellum or lobar regions responded to the treatment better than deeply located CMs in the basal ganglia or brainstem. No significant difference of dose-dependent response was seen for three different ranges of marginal dose: Less than 15 Gy, between 15 and 20 Gy, and more than 20 Gy. Complications were more frequent after a marginal dose of over 15 Gy and in patients with lesions more than 15 mm in diameter. The rates of annual hemorrhage were estimated to be 7.4% during the first 2 years after radiosurgery and 2.8% thereafter. The overall hemorrhage rate after radiosurgery was 4.4%/year/patient. Conclusion: The risk of hemorrhage is considerably reduced after GK treatment. The HFS as well as annual hemorrhage rate after GK treatment was apparently superior to that after conservative treatment for symptomatic CMs. To optimize the success of GK treatment, it is important to reduce the incidence of complications. PMID:26005588

  10. Wingspan Stent for High-Grade Symptomatic Vertebrobasilar Artery Atherosclerotic Stenosis

    SciTech Connect

    Li Jian, E-mail: ns981212@yahoo.com.cn; Zhao Zhenwei, E-mail: zzwzc@sina.com; Gao Guodong, E-mail: gaoguo_dong@163.com; Deng Jianping [Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Team of Neurovascular Angioplasty, Department of Interventional Neuroradiology and Neurosurgery (China); Yu Jia [Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Department of Neurology (China); Gao Li; Yuan Yang; Qv Youzhi [Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Department of Neuroradiology (China)

    2012-04-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to present the treatment outcomes with Wingspan stent angioplasty of high-grade intracranial vertebrobasilar artery (VBA) stenosis in symptomatic patients. Methods: Between 2007 and 2010, the records of 30 patients with 31 intracranial high-grade VBA stenoses (all{>=}70%) who underwent elective stenting due to the failure of medical therapy were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical evaluation was performed based on the modified Rankin scale and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale. Results: In all cases, the stent deployment was technically successful. The mean stenosis decreased significantly from 82.28 {+-} 8.02% (range, 72-99%) to 11.18 {+-} 7.28% (range, 0-25%) after stent-assisted angioplasty (P < 0.05). Periprocedure complications occurred in 3 (10%) of 30 patients; there were 2 cases of perforator strokes and 1 case of transient flow insufficiency with stent overlap. Clinical follow-up (mean, 17.81 {+-} 11.49 months; range, 5-40 months) was available for 27 patients, and angiographic follow-up (mean, 9.95 {+-} 5.74 months, range, 5-20 months) was available for 19 patients. Only one case demonstrated recurrent symptoms with restenosis ({>=}50%). There were no recurrent ischemic events and no cases of restenosis in the other patients. Conclusions: According to our data, the Wingspan stent for symptomatic intracranial VBA stenoses is a safe and efficacious treatment alternative in cases with recurrent symptoms despite medical therapy. However, the improvement of outcome requires the reduction in the rate of procedure-related complications and long-term outcomes still have to be demonstrated.

  11. CT-Guided Radioactive {sup 125}I Seed Implantation Therapy of Symptomatic Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Metastases

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Zhongmin, E-mail: wzm0722@hotmail.com [Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Renji Hospital (China); Lu, Jian; Gong, Ju; Zhang, Liyun [Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ruijin Hospital Luwan Branch (China); Xu, Yingjia [Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Chest Hospital (China); Song, Shaoli [Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Renji Hospital (China); Chen, Kemin [Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ruijin Hospital (China); Liu, Fenju [Soochow University, School of Radiation Medicine and Public Health (China); Gang, Huang, E-mail: huanggang0722@hotmail.com [Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Renji Hospital (China)

    2013-04-12

    PurposeThis study explored the clinical efficacy of CT-guided radioactive {sup 125}I seed implantation in treating patients with symptomatic retroperitoneal lymph node metastases.MethodsTwenty-five patients with pathologically confirmed malignant tumors received CT-guided radioactive {sup 125}I seed implantation to treat metastatic lymph nodes. The diameter of the metastatic lymph nodes ranged from 1.5 to 4.5 cm. Treatment planning system (TPS) was used to reconstruct the three-dimensional image of the tumor and then calculate the corresponding quantity and distribution of {sup 125}I seeds.ResultsFollow-up period for this group of patients was 2–30 months, and median time was 16 months. Symptoms of refractory pain were significantly resolved postimplantation (P < 0.05), and Karnofsky score rose dramatically (P < 0.05). Most patients reported pain relief 2–5 days after treatment. Follow-up imaging studies were performed 2 months later, which revealed CR in 7 patients, PR in 13 patients, SD in 3 patients, and PD in 2 patients. The overall effective rate (CR + PR) was 80 %. Median survival time was 25.5 months. Seven patients died of recurrent tumor; 16 patients died of multiorgan failure or other metastases. Two patients survived after 30 months follow-up. Two patients reported localized skin erythema 1 week postimplantation, which disappeared after topical treatment.ConclusionsCT-guided radioactive {sup 125}I seed implantation, which showed good palliative pain relief with acceptable short-term effects, has proved in our study to be a new, safe, effective, and relatively uncomplicated treatment option for symptomatic retroperitoneal metastatic lymph nodes.

  12. Comparison of BMSs with SES for Symptomatic Intracranial Disease of the Middle Cerebral Artery Stenosis

    SciTech Connect

    Yue Xuanye; Yin Qin [Nanjing University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Jinling Hospital (China); Xi Gangming [Yunyang Medical College, Department of Neurology, Shiyan People Hospital (China); Zhu Wusheng; Xu Gelin; Zhang Renliang; Zhou Zhiming; Ma Minmin [Nanjing University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Jinling Hospital (China); Jin Guangfu [Nanjing Medical University, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health (China); Liu Xinfeng, E-mail: xfliu2@yahoo.com.cn [Nanjing University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Jinling Hospital (China)

    2011-02-15

    This study was designed to compare the clinical and angiographic outcomes of patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery stenosis treated with balloon-mounted stents (BMS) and self-expandable Wingspan system (SES). We reviewed the 69 consecutive stent placement procedures for symptomatic atherosclerotic stenosis ({>=}70) in M1 segment of middle cerebral artery in 67 patients in 3 years. According to the stent types, the patients were classed as BMS and SES groups. The demographic characteristics, conventional risk factors of ischemic stroke, degree of stenosis, periprocedural complications, stent types, and clinical and angiographic outcomes were analyzed. There were 39 patients in the BMS group and 28 patients in the SES group. The demographic characteristics, conventional risk factors, and periprocedural complications were similar but different in residual stenosis after stenting in both groups (5.9% {+-} 9.9% vs. 14.4% {+-} 14.6%; P = 0.01). For the overall cohort, the rate of stroke or death and restenosis was 10.9% (7/66) and 24.5% (14/57), respectively. The frequency of restenosis was higher in the SES group than in the BMS group (log-rank, P = 0.04; crude hazard ratio = 3.03; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-9.15; P = 0.049; and adjusted hazard ratio = 3.61; 95% CI, 1.06-12.27; P = 0.04); however, there was no difference in clinical outcomes (log-rank, P = 0.51; crude hazard ratio = 1.66; 95% CI, 0.36-7.61; P = 0.51; and adjusted hazard ratio = 0.59; 95% CI, 0.04-7.89; P = 0.69). The corrected degree of restenosis was higher in the SES than the BMS group. The prevalence of restenosis was higher in the SES than the BMS group, but the perioperative complications and follow-up clinical outcomes had no significant difference.

  13. Association of Dynamic Joint Power With Functional Limitations in Older Adults With Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis

    PubMed Central

    Segal, Neil A.; Yack, H. John; Brubaker, Morgan; Torner, James C.; Wallace, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Objectives To determine which lower-limb joint moments and powers characterize the level of gait performance of older adults with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). Design Cross-sectional observational study. Setting University motion analysis laboratory. Participants Community-dwelling adults (N=60; 27 men, 33 women; age 50–79y) with symptomatic knee OA. Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures Physical function was measured using the long-distance corridor walk, the Short Physical Performance Battery, and the Late Life Function and Disability Instrument (LLFDI Function). Joint moments and power were estimated using an inverse dynamics solution after 3-dimensional computerized motion analysis. Results Subjects aged 64.2±7.4 years were recruited. Ranges (mean ± SD) for the 400-m walk time and the LLFDI Advanced Lower-Limb Function score were 215.3 to 536.8 (304.1±62.3) seconds and 31.5 to 100 (57.0±14.9) points, respectively. In women, hip abductor moment (loading response), hip abductor power (midstance), eccentric hamstring moment (terminal stance), and power (terminal swing) accounted for 41%, 31%, 14%, and 48% of the variance in the 400-m walk time, respectively (model R2=.61, P<.003). In men, plantar flexor and hip flexor power (preswing) accounted for 19% and 24% of the variance in the 400-m walk time, respectively (model R2=.32, P=.025). Conclusions There is evidence that men and women with higher mobility function tend to rely more on an ankle strategy rather than a hip strategy for gait. In higher functioning men, higher knee extensor and flexor strength may contribute to an ankle strategy, whereas hip abductor weakness may bias women with lower mobility function to minimize loading across the knee via use of a hip strategy. These parameters may serve as foci for rehabilitation interventions aimed at reducing mobility limitations. PMID:19887204

  14. Women seeking second opinion for symptomatic uterine leiomyoma: role of comprehensive fibroid center

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Objective The objective of the study was to describe our early experience with a comprehensive uterine fibroid center and report our results in women seeking a second opinion for management of symptomatic uterine leiomyoma. Methods We performed a HIPAA-complaint, IRB-approved retrospective study of women seeking second opinion for management of uterine fibroids at our multidisciplinary fibroid treatment center in a tertiary care facility from July 2008 to August 2011. After a review of patients’ history, physical examination, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, treatment options were discussed which included conservative management, uterine-preserving options, and hysterectomy. We performed Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables between the cohort that did or did not undergo a uterine-preserving treatment. Differences were considered significant at p?symptomatic fibroid treatment. PMID:25512867

  15. Human Caliciviruses in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Infections in Children in Vellore, South India

    PubMed Central

    Monica, Bindhu; Ramani, Sasirekha; Banerjee, Indrani; Primrose, Beryl; Iturriza-Gomara, Miren; Gallimore, Christopher I.; Brown, David W.; Fathima, M; Moses, Prabhakar D.; Gray, James J.; Kang, Gagandeep

    2008-01-01

    Pediatric gastroenteritis is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in developing countries. It has been increasingly recognised that human caliciviruses (HuCV), comprising noroviruses (NoV), and sapoviruses (SaV), are important in both outbreak and non-outbreak settings. This study aimed to characterise caliciviruses detected in the faeces of hospitalized children and children in the community in India. This study examined 350 faecal samples from children presenting to the hospital with acute gastroenteritis and 673 samples collected from children in the community, 500 from children with diarrhea, and 173 samples from children without diarrhea. Strain characterisation was performed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and partial sequencing of the gene encoding the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and/or a region spanning the open reading frames (ORFs) 1 and 2 (ORF1/ORF2) junction. A total of 68 of 350 specimens (19.4%) from hospitalized children were positive, and SaV and NoV accounted for 5.1 and 15.1% of the infections, respectively. Mixed infections of HuCVs with other enteric pathogens were seen in 9.4% of the total children tested. Sixty-eight out of 673 (10.1%) samples collected from children in the community were positive for caliciviruses, and SaV and NoV accounted for 3.4 and 6.6% of the infections. In the community cohort 55/500 (11%) and 13/173 (7.5%) were from symptomatic and asymptomatic children, respectively, and SaVs accounted for 17/500 (3.4%) and NoVs for 38/500 (7.6%) of the symptomatic infections. This is the first report of genotyping of circulating caliciviruses in both hospital and community in India and has increased the evidence for the role of these viruses in pediatric gastroenteritis in India. PMID:17385696

  16. Ovarian Artery Embolization in Patients With Collateral Supply to Symptomatic Uterine Leiomyomata

    SciTech Connect

    Scheurig-Muenkler, C., E-mail: christian.scheurig@charite.de; Poellinger, A., E-mail: alexander.poellinger@charite.de; Wagner, M., E-mail: moritz.wagner@charite.de; Hamm, B., E-mail: bernd.hamm@charite.de; Kroencke, T. J., E-mail: thomas.kroencke@charite.de [Charite-Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology (Germany)

    2011-12-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the safety and outcome of ovarian artery embolization (OAE) in patients with collateral supply to symptomatic uterine leiomyomata. Materials and Methods: Thirteen patients with relevant leiomyoma perfusion by way of enlarged ovarian arteries underwent additional OAE during the same (N = 10) or a second procedure (N = 3). Uterine artery embolization (UAE) was performed bilaterally in 10 and unilaterally in 2 patients with a single artery. One patient had no typical uterine arteries but bilaterally enlarged ovarian arteries, prompting bilateral OAE. OAE was accomplished with coil embolization in one and particle embolization in 12 patients. Symptoms before therapy and clinical outcome were assessed using a standardized questionnaire. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging after embolization was available in 11 of 13 patients and was used to determine the percentage of fibroid infarction. Results: UAE and OAE were technically successful in all patients. One patient experienced prolonged irritation at the puncture site. Median clinical follow-up time was 16 months (range 4-37). Ten of 13 patients showed improvement or complete resolution of clinical symptoms. One patient reported only slight improvement of her symptoms. These women presented with regular menses. Two patients (15%), 47 and 48 years, both with unilateral OAE, reported permanent amenorrhea directly after embolization. Their symptoms completely resolved. Seven patients showed complete and 4 showed >90% fibroid infarction after embolization therapy. Conclusions: OAE is technically safe and effective in patients with ovarian artery collateral supply to symptomatic uterine leiomyomata. The risk of permanent amenorrhea observed in this study is similar to the reported incidence after UAE.

  17. Chronic gastritis - an update.

    PubMed

    Varbanova, Mariya; Frauenschläger, Katrin; Malfertheiner, Peter

    2014-12-01

    Helicobacter pylori is the main aetiologic factor for chronic gastritis worldwide. The degree of inflammation and the evolution of this form of chronic gastritis can vary largely depending on bacterial virulence factors, host susceptibility factors and environmental conditions. Autoimmune gastritis is another cause of chronic inflammation in the stomach, which can occur in all age groups. This disease presents typically with vitamin B12 deficiency and pernicious anaemia. The presence of anti-parietal cell antibodies is highly specific for the diagnosis. The role of H. pylori as a trigger for autoimmune gastritis remains uncertain. Other rare conditions for chronic gastritis are chronic inflammatory conditions such as Crohn's disease or on the background of lymphocytic or collagenous gastroenteropathies. PMID:25439069

  18. Blood-Based Gene Expression Profiles Models for Classification of Subsyndromal Symptomatic Depression and Major Depressive Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhenghui Yi; Zezhi Li; Shunying Yu; Chengmei Yuan; Wu Hong; Zuowei Wang; Jian Cui; Tieliu Shi; Yiru Fang

    2012-01-01

    Subsyndromal symptomatic depression (SSD) is a subtype of subthreshold depressive and also lead to significant psychosocial functional impairment as same as major depressive disorder (MDD). Several studies have suggested that SSD is a transitory phenomena in the depression spectrum and is thus considered a subtype of depression. However, the pathophysioloy of depression remain largely obscure and studies on SSD are

  19. Saw palmetto alters nuclear measurements reflecting DNA content in men with symptomatic BPH: evidence for a possible molecular mechanism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert W. Veltri; Leonard S. Marks; M. Craig Miller; Wes D. Bales; John Fan; Maria Luz Macairan; Jonathan I. Epstein; Alan W. Partin

    2002-01-01

    ObjectivesTo examine the nuclear chromatin characteristics of epithelial cells, looking for an SPHB-mediated effect on nuclear DNA structure and organization. Saw palmetto herbal blend (SPHB) causes contraction of prostate epithelial cells and suppression of tissue dihydrotestosterone levels in men with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia, but a fundamental mechanism remains unknown.

  20. Anxiety and salivary cortisol in symptomatic and nonsymptomatic panic patients and healthy volunteers performing simulated public speaking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cybele Garcia-Leal; Alexandre C. B. V. Parente; Cristina M. Del-Ben; Francisco S. Guimarães; Ayrton Custódio Moreira; Lucila Leico Kagohara Elias; Frederico G. Graeff

    2005-01-01

    Anxiety and salivary cortisol were measured in subjects performing simulated public speaking (SPS), a procedure that has been neurobiologically related to panic disorder. The subjects were divided into three groups: 18 symptomatic panic patients, 16 nonsymptomatic, drug-treated panic patients, and 17 healthy controls. In the experimental session, subjective anxiety (Visual Analogue Mood Scale) and the total score of the Bodily

  1. High frequency of BRCA1\\/2 germline mutations in 42 Belgian families with a small number of symptomatic subjects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G Goelen; E Teugels; M Bonduelle; B Neyns; J De Grève

    1999-01-01

    AIMThe initial risk assessments for BRCA1\\/2 mutation carriers and estimates of carrier frequencies were based on extended pedigrees with a large number of symptomatic subjects. When counselling based on BRCA gene mutation analysis was initiated, we faced requests for counselling mostly from members of small families with only two or three affected members. We report on the likelihood of finding

  2. First Molecular Identification and Phylogeny of a Babesia sp. from a Symptomatic Sow (Sus scrofa Linnaeus 1758)?

    PubMed Central

    Zobba, Rosanna; Parpaglia, Maria Luisa Pinna; Spezzigu, Antonio; Pittau, Marco; Alberti, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Porcine babesiosis is a widespread yet overlooked disease causing economic losses in many regions of the world. To date, the etiological agent of porcine babesiosis has not been molecularly characterized. Here, we provide the first molecular characterization of a piroplasm detected in a symptomatic sow, phylogenetically closely related to the Ungulibabesids. Results pave the way for future molecular epidemiology studies. PMID:21490184

  3. Embolization of symptomatic renal angiomyolipoma with a mixture of lipiodol and PVA, a mid-term result

    PubMed Central

    Zhai, Ren-You

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of renal artery embolization with a mixture of lipiodol and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles on symptomatic renal angiomyolipoma and to present the mid-term results from our single-center site. Methods We performed a retrospective review of the seven patients who underwent embolization with a mixture of lipiodol and PVA particles to treat symptomatic renal angiomyolipoma in our center between February 2011 and December 2013. Medical records and follow-up results were reviewed and analyzed. Results Seven patients underwent eight episodes of embolization using a mixture of lipiodol and PVA particles to treat symptomatic renal angiomyolipoma. One patient required a subsequent embolization of the right kidney 9 months after the initial embolization of the left kidney. No nephrectomy was required in any of these cases during follow-up. None had recurrence of tumor bleeding or rupture during follow-up. Decreased tumor size was achieved in six patients (85.7%) during the mid-term follow-up. Conclusions Embolization with a mixture of lipiodol and PVA particles is an effective and safe treatment for symptomatic renal angiomyolipoma. Based on the durable mid-term results of the present study, a mixture of lipiodol and PVA particles is recommended for embolization. PMID:25232211

  4. Successful aspiration and ethanol sclerosis of a large, symptomatic, simple liver cyst: Case presentation and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Blonski, Wojciech C; Campbell, Mical S; Faust, Thomas; Metz, David C

    2006-01-01

    Simple liver cysts are congenital with a prevalence of 2.5%-4.25%. Imaging, whether by US, CT or MRI, is accurate in distinguishing simple cysts from other etiologies, including parasitic, neoplastic, duct-related, and traumatic cysts. Symptomatic simple liver cysts are rare, and the true frequency of symptoms is not known. Symptomatic simple liver cysts are predominantly large (> 4 cm), right-sided, and more common in women and older patients. The vast majority of simple hepatic cysts require no treatment or follow-up, though large cysts (> 4 cm) may be followed initially with serial imaging to ensure stability. Attribution of symptoms to a large simple cyst should be undertaken with caution, after alternative diagnoses have been excluded. Aspiration may be performed to test whether symptoms are due to the cyst; however, cyst recurrence should be expected. Limited experience with both laparoscopic deroofing and aspiration, followed by instillation of a sclerosing agent has demonstrated promising results for the treatment of symptomatic cysts. Here, we describe a patient with a large, symptomatic, simple liver cyst who experienced complete resolution of symptoms following cyst drainage and alcohol ablation, and we present a comprehensive review of the literature. PMID:16718826

  5. Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess the Role of Raised Anal Pressures in the Pathogenesis of Symptomatic Early Hemorrhoids

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashutosh Chauhan; Shaji Thomas; Prem Kumar Bishnoi; Niladhar S. Hadke

    2007-01-01

    Background: Increased maximum resting anal pressures (MRAP) have been found in patients with large prolapsed hemorrhoids undergoing hemorrhoidectomy, but their pathogenic role is controversial especially in view of the sphincteric damage that occurs with open and stapled procedures. This prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare anal pressure changes in early symptomatic hemorrhoidal disease before and after successful treatment

  6. The validity of the PTSD checklist as a measure of symptomatic change in combat-related PTSD

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Forbes; Mark Creamer; Dirk Biddle

    2001-01-01

    Little research to date has examined the ability of self-report measures to assess changes in symptom severity and diagnostic status as a function of treatment. This study investigated the validity of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) checklist (PCL) as a measure of symptomatic change following programmatic treatment. A sample of 97 Vietnam veterans with combat-related PTSD was assessed using the

  7. fMRI Reveals Distinct CNS Processing during Symptomatic and Recovered Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lebel, A.; Becerra, L.; Wallin, D.; Moulton, E. A.; Morris, S.; Pendse, G.; Jasciewicz, J.; Stein, M.; Aiello-Lammens, M.; Grant, E.; Berde, C.; Borsook, D.

    2008-01-01

    Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in paediatric patients is clinically distinct from the adult condition in which there is often complete resolution of its signs and symptoms within several months to a few years. The ability to compare the symptomatic and asymptomatic condition in the same individuals makes this population interesting for the…

  8. Long-term efficacy of bosentan in inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. C. Post; H. W. M. Plokker; J. C. Kelder; R. J. Snijder

    2009-01-01

    Background. Inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is associated with a poor survival.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objectives. To evaluate the long-term response to a dual endothelin receptor antagonist in patients with inoperable CTEPH.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods. All consecutive 18 patients (mean age 63±14 years) treated with bosentan for symptomatic inoperable CTEPH were included.\\u000a Efficacy was evaluated by the log value of serum levels of N-terminal-pro

  9. Non-contrast cardiac computed tomography can accurately detect chronic myocardial infarction: Validation study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohit Gupta; Jigar Kadakia; Yalcin Hacioglu; Naser Ahmadi; Amish Patel; Taeyoung Choi; Gregg Yamada; Matthew Budoff

    2011-01-01

    Background  This study evaluates whether non-contrast cardiac computed tomography (CCT) can detect chronic myocardial infarction (MI)\\u000a in patients with irreversible perfusion defects on nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  One hundred twenty-two symptomatic patients with irreversible perfusion defect (N = 62) or normal MPI (N = 60) underwent coronary\\u000a artery calcium (CAC) scanning. MI on these non-contrast CCTs was visually detected based on the hypo-attenuation areas

  10. Absence of Genetic Differences among G10P[11] Rotaviruses Associated with Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Neonatal Infections in Vellore, India

    PubMed Central

    Libonati, Margaret H.; Dennis, Allison F.; Ramani, Sasirekha; McDonald, Sarah M.; Akopov, Asmik; Kirkness, Ewen F.; Kang, Gagandeep

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Rotaviruses (RVs) are leading causes of severe diarrhea and vomiting in infants and young children. RVs with G10P[11] genotype specificity have been associated with symptomatic and asymptomatic neonatal infections in Vellore, India. To identify possible viral genetic determinants responsible for differences in symptomology, the genome sequences of G10P[11] RVs in stool samples of 19 neonates with symptomatic infections and 20 neonates with asymptomatic infections were determined by Sanger and next-generation sequencing. The data showed that all 39 viruses had identical genotype constellations (G10-P[11]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A1-N1-T1-E2-H3), the same as those of the previously characterized symptomatic N155 Vellore isolate. The data also showed that the RNA and deduced protein sequences of all the Vellore G10P[11] viruses were nearly identical; no nucleotide or amino acid differences were found that correlated with symptomatic versus asymptomatic infection. Next-generation sequencing data revealed that some stool samples, both from neonates with symptomatic infections and from neonates with asymptomatic infections, also contained one or more positive-strand RNA viruses (Aichi virus, astrovirus, or salivirus/klassevirus) suspected of being potential causes of pediatric gastroenteritis. However, none of the positive-strand RNA viruses could be causally associated with the development of symptoms. These results indicate that the diversity of clinical symptoms in Vellore neonates does not result from genetic differences among G10P[11] RVs; instead, other undefined factors appear to influence whether neonates develop gastrointestinal disease symptoms. IMPORTANCE Rotavirus (RV) strains have been identified that preferentially replicate in neonates, in some cases, without causing gastrointestinal disease. Surveillance studies have established that G10P[11] RVs are a major cause of neonatal infection in Vellore, India, with half of infected neonates exhibiting symptoms. We used Sanger and next-generation sequencing technologies to contrast G10P[11] RVs recovered from symptomatic and asymptomatic neonates. Remarkably, the data showed that the RNA genomes of the viruses were virtually indistinguishable and lacked any differences that could explain the diversity of clinical outcomes among infected Vellore neonates. The sequencing results also indicated that some symptomatic and some asymptomatic Vellore neonates were infected with other enteric viruses (Aichi virus, astrovirus, salvirus/klassevirus); however, none could be correlated with the presence of symptoms in neonates. Together, our findings suggest that other poorly defined factors, not connected to the genetic makeup of the Vellore G10P[11] viruses, influence whether neonates develop gastrointestinal disease symptoms. PMID:24899175

  11. Chronic bee paralysis virus in honeybee queens: evaluating susceptibility and infection routes.

    PubMed

    Amiri, Esmaeil; Meixner, Marina; Büchler, Ralph; Kryger, Per

    2014-01-01

    Chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV) is known as a disease of worker honey bees. To investigate pathogenesis of the CBPV on the queen, the sole reproductive individual in a colony, we conducted experiments regarding the susceptibility of queens to CBPV. Results from susceptibility experiment showed a similar disease progress in the queens compared to worker bees after infection. Infected queens exhibit symptoms by Day 6 post infection and virus levels reach 10¹¹ copies per head. In a transmission experiment we showed that social interactions may affect the disease progression. Queens with forced contact to symptomatic worker bees acquired an overt infection with up to 10¹¹ virus copies per head in six days. In contrast, queens in contact with symptomatic worker bees, but with a chance to receive food from healthy bees outside the cage appeared healthy. The virus loads did not exceed 10? in the majority of these queens after nine days. Symptomatic worker bees may transmit sufficient active CBPV particles to the queen through trophallaxis, to cause an overt infection. PMID:24618857

  12. American Chronic Pain Association

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to Chronic Pain Medications & Treatments The Art of Pain Management What We Have Learned Going to the ER Communication Tools Pain Management Programs Videos Resources Glossary FAQs Surveys September is ...

  13. [Chronic lichenoid keratosis].

    PubMed

    Kalamkarian, A A; Parastaeva, S A; Zabanova, E V

    1989-01-01

    This is the first case of chronic lichenoid keratosis described in this country. The clinical picture and histologic findings suggest that this dermatosis be regarded as an atypical variety of lichen ruber planus. PMID:2718621

  14. Chronic Kidney Disease

    MedlinePLUS

    ... well as they should. Normal, healthy kidneys remove waste from the blood. The waste then leaves your body in your urine. The ... have chronic kidney disease, your kidneys cannot remove waste from the blood as well as they should. ...

  15. Anemia of chronic disease

    MedlinePLUS

    Anemia of inflammation; AOCD; ACD ... Anemia is a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells in the blood. Some conditions can lead to anemia of chronic disease include: Autoimmune disorders , such as ...

  16. Chronic subdural hematoma

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the dura and surface of the brain (bridging veins) tear and leak blood. This is usually the result of a ... the brain. In a chronic subdural collection, blood leaks from the veins slowly over time, or a fast hemorrhage is ...

  17. Chronic hepatitis C

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tram T. Tran; Paul Martin

    2001-01-01

    Opinion statement  Infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) accounts for 40% of cases of chronic liver disease in the United States and is now\\u000a the most common indication for liver transplantation. Estimates suggest that 4 million people (1.8%) of the American population\\u000a are or have been infected with HCV. Currently, the treatment of choice for patients with chronic HCV infection is

  18. Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew G. Lee; Paul W. Brazis

    2002-01-01

    Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) is a descriptive term for a heterogenous group of disorders characterized\\u000a by chronic, progressive, bilateral, and usually symmetric ocular motility deficit and ptosis. Significant pain, proptosis,\\u000a or pupil involvement are not features of CPEO and should prompt evaluation for alternative etiologies. Mitochondrial DNA mutations\\u000a are increasingly being recognized as the etiology for CPEO syndromes. Clinicians

  19. Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lara M. Wittine; William R. Auger

    2010-01-01

    Opinion statement  The pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right heart dysfunction that results from chronic thromboembolic involvement of the pulmonary\\u000a vascular bed is potentially curable with surgical endarterectomy. Over the past several decades, growing clinical experience\\u000a has brought about increased recognition of this treatable form of PH. Moreover, advances in cardiothoracic surgical techniques\\u000a have given an increasing number of patients with chronic

  20. Pathophysiology of Chronic Urticaria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Malcolm W. Greaves

    2002-01-01

    Chronic urticaria includes several different subsets with distinct pathophysiologies, and with important implications for investigation and treatment. Chronic ‘idiopathic’ urticaria represents a special challenge, which, until recently, was not taken up by dermatological or immunological investigators. However, it has now emerged that at least 30% of patients possess histamine-releasing autoantibodies against FcεR1, or less commonly IgE itself. These autoantibodies are

  1. Chronic Pain Explained

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KENNETH J. SUFKA

    2000-01-01

    Pains that persist long after damaged tissue hasrecovered remain a perplexing phenomenon. Theseso-called chronic pains serve no useful function foran organism and, given its disabling effects, mighteven be considered maladaptive. However, a remarkablesimilarity exists between the neural bases thatunderlie the hallmark symptoms of chronic pain andthose that subserve learning and memory. Bothphenomena, wind-up in the pain literature andlong-term potentiation (LTP)

  2. Chronic dysimmune neuropathies: Beyond chronic demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

    PubMed Central

    Khadilkar, Satish V.; Deshmukh, Shrikant S.; Dhonde, Pramod D.

    2011-01-01

    The spectrum of chronic dysimmune neuropathies has widened well beyond chronic demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Pure motor (multifocal motor neuropathy), sensorimotor with asymmetrical involvement (multifocal acquired demylinating sensory and motor neuropathy), exclusively distal sensory (distal acquired demyelinating sensory neuropathy) and very proximal sensory (chronic immune sensory polyradiculopathy) constitute the variants of CIDP. Correct diagnosis of these entities is of importance in terms of initiation of appropriate therapy as well as prognostication of these patients. The rates of detection of immune-mediated neuropathies with monoclonal cell proliferation (monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance, multiple myeloma, etc.) have been facilitated as better diagnostic tools such as serum immunofixation electrophoresis are being used more often. Immune neuropathies associated with malignancies and systemic vasculitic disorders are being defined further and treated early with better understanding of the disease processes. As this field of dysimmune neuropathies will evolve in the future, some of the curious aspects of the clinical presentations and response patterns to different immunosuppressants or immunomodulators will be further elucidated. This review also discusses representative case studies. PMID:21808468

  3. In vivo topographic analysis of lumbar facet joint space width distribution in healthy and symptomatic subjects

    PubMed Central

    Simon, Peter; Espinoza Orías, Alejandro A.; Andersson, Gunnar B. J.; An, Howard S.; Inoue, Nozomu

    2013-01-01

    Study Design In vivo three-dimensional facet joint space width measurement. Objective To determine lumbar facet joint space width within clinically relevant topographical zones in vivo and its correlations with age, level and presence of lower back pain symptoms. Summary of Background Data Narrowing of the facet joint gap, articular cartilage thinning, and subarticular cortical bone hypertrophy are frequently observed age-related changes. Facet joint space width is a well-defined parameter to evaluate osteoarthritis. To the best of our knowledge, there is no other study that quantifies three-dimensional facet joint space width distribution in vivo. Methods Three-dimensional measurement to quantify facet joint space width distribution based on five clinically relevant topographic zones in a cohort of healthy and symptomatic low-back-pain volunteers using subject-based three-dimensional CT models with respect to spinal level, subject age, gender and presence/absence of lower back pain. Results Facet joint space width was 1.93±0.51 (mean ± standard deviation) mm for the central zone, 1.75±0.48 mm for the superior zone, 1.63±0.49 mm for the inferior zone, 1.48±0.44 mm for the medial and 1.65±0.48 mm for the lateral zone, respectively. There were no significant differences between right and left facet joints. Males showed larger space width than females. Overall, space width of symptomatic subjects was significantly narrower when compared against the asymptomatic group. Facet joints in the peripheral zones were narrower than in the central zone. Age-group comparisons showed local narrowing occurring as early as in the third decade at the inferior zone of L5/S1 with all the remaining zones implicated after the fourth decade. Conclusions This in vivo study shows variations in facet joint space width narrowing with spinal level and region within the facet joint and in vivo evidence of localized, age-influenced facet cartilage thinning. Techniques developed in this study may be applied in the detection of early osteoarthritis-related changes in the facet joints. PMID:22433501

  4. Patients with nodding syndrome in Uganda improve with symptomatic treatment: a cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    Idro, Richard; Namusoke, Hanifa; Abbo, Catherine; Mutamba, Byamah B; Kakooza-Mwesige, Angelina; Opoka, Robert O; Musubire, Abdu K; Mwaka, Amos D; Opar, Bernard T

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Nodding syndrome (NS) is a poorly understood neurological disorder affecting thousands of children in Africa. In March 2012, we introduced a treatment intervention that aimed to provide symptomatic relief. This intervention included sodium valproate for seizures, management of behaviour and emotional difficulties, nutritional therapy and physical rehabilitation. We assessed the clinical and functional outcomes of this intervention after 12?months of implementation. Design This was a cross-sectional study of a cohort of patients with NS receiving the specified intervention. We abstracted preintervention features from records and compared these with the current clinical status. We performed similar assessments on a cohort of patients with other convulsive epilepsies (OCE) and compared the outcomes of the two groups. Participants Participants were patients with WHO-defined NS and patients with OCE attending the same centres. Outcome measures The primary outcome was the proportion of patients with seizure freedom (?1?month without seizures). Secondary outcome measures included a reduction in seizure frequency, resolution of behaviour and emotional difficulties, and independence in basic self-care. Results Patients with NS had had a longer duration of symptoms (median 5 (IQR 3, 6) years) compared with those with OCE (4 (IQR 2, 6) years), p<0.001. The intervention resulted in marked improvements in both groups; compared to the preintervention state, 121/484 (25%) patients with NS achieved seizure freedom and there was a >70% reduction in seizure frequency; behaviour and emotional difficulties resolved in 194/327 (59%) patients; 193/484 (40%) patients had enrolled in school including 17.7% who had earlier withdrawn due to severe seizures, and over 80% had achieved independence in basic self-care. These improvements were, however, less than that in patients with OCE of whom 243/476 (51.1%) patients were seizure free and in whom the seizure frequency had reduced by 86%. Conclusions Ugandan children with NS show substantial clinical and functional improvements with symptomatic treatments suggesting that NS is probably a reversible encephalopathy. PMID:25398677

  5. The High Prevalence of Symptomatic Degenerative Lumbar Osteoarthritis in Chinese Adults

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Yajun; Xiao, Bin; Han, Xiao

    2014-01-01

    Study Design. A population-based study. Objective. To study the prevalence and features of symptomatic degenerative lumbar osteoarthritis in adults. Summary of Background Data. Lumbar osteoarthritis adversely affects individuals and is a heavy burden. There are limited data on the prevalence of lumbar osteoarthritis. Methods. A representative, multistage sample of adults was collected. Symptomatic degenerative lumbar osteoarthritis was diagnosed by clinical symptoms, physical examinations, and imaging examinations. Personal information was obtained by face-to-face interview. Information included the place of residence, age, sex, income, type of medical insurance, education level, body mass index, habits of smoking and drinking, type of work, working posture, duration of the same working posture during the day, mode of transportation, exposure to vibration, and daily amount of sleep. Crude and adjusted prevalence was calculated. The features of populations were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression in total and subgroup populations. Results. The study included 3859 adults. The crude and adjusted prevalence of lumbar osteoarthritis was 9.02% and 8.90%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of lumbar osteoarthritis between urban, suburban, and rural populations (7.66%, 9.97%, and 9.44%) (P = 0.100). The prevalence of lumbar osteoarthritis was higher in females (10.05%) than in males (9.1%, P = 0.021). The prevalence of lumbar osteoarthritis increased with increasing age. Obese people (body mass index >28 kg/m2), those engaged in physical work, those who maintained the same work posture for 1 to 1.9 hours per day, those who were exposed to vibration during daily work, and those who got less than 7 hours of sleep per day had a higher prevalence. These features differed by subgroup. Conclusion. This study established epidemiological baseline data for degenerative lumbar osteoarthritis in adults, especially for people younger than 45 years. Lumbar osteoarthritis is epidemic in Beijing and will become a more severe problem in aging society. Different populations have different features that require targeted interventions. Level of Evidence: 2 PMID:24825154

  6. Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in symptomatic patients and detection of clarithromycin resistance using melting curve analysis

    PubMed Central

    Kaya, Ayse Demet; Öztürk, C. Elif; Akcan, Yusuf; Behçet, Mustafa; Karakoç, A. Esra; Yücel, Mihriban; M?s?rl?oglu, Müge; Tuncer, Serdar

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background: Clarithromycin is often a component of combination therapies for Helicobacter pylori eradication; however, increases in resistance rates have decreased the success of the treatment. Objective: This study was designed to determine the prevalence of H pylori infection in symptomatic patients and to detect clarithromycin resistance rates using melting curve analysis. Methods: Patients scheduled for upper endoscopy at the Endoscopy Unit of the Department of Gastroenterology, Duzce University, Medical Faculty Hospital, Konuralp/Duzce, Turkey, were assessed for enrollment in the study. Two pairs of gastric biopsy specimens (antrum and corpus) were obtained from each study patient. Histopathologic examination, rapid urease test, culture, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the specimens were used to identify H pylori infection. Clarithromycin resistance was detected using melting curve analysis. Results: Seventy-five patients (41 women, 34 men; mean [SD]age, 42.6 [14.5] years [range, 17–70 years]) were included in the study. Using histopathology and rapid urease test, H pylori was detected in 40 (53.3%) of the 75 specimens. H pylori was detected using PCR in 40 (53.3%) specimens and by culture in 10 (13.3%) specimens. The specificity and sensitivity of PCR and culture were interpreted by comparing them with the results of histopathologic examination and urease tests. The specificity and sensitivity of PCR were 68.6% and 72.5%, respectively, and the specificity and sensitivity of culture were 97.1% and 22.5%, respectively. Of the 40 isolates, 21 (52.5%) were susceptible to clarithromycin, 12 (30.0%) were resistant, and a mixed susceptibility pattern was detected in 7 (17.5%) specimens. H pylori isolates from 19 (79.2%) of the 24 patients who had formerly used clarithromycin showed clarithromycin resistance. Conclusions: The prevalence of H pylori infection was 53.3% for the symptomatic patients in this study, and 47.5% of the isolates showed clarithromycin resistance using melting curve analysis. The PCR-based system used in this study was accurate for the detection of H pylori infection as well as clarithromycin susceptibility testing directly in biopsy specimens. PMID:24683206

  7. Baby shampoo nasal irrigations for the symptomatic post–functional endoscopic sinus surgery patient

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander G. Chiu; James N. Palmer; Bradford A. Woodworth; Laurel Doghramji; Michael B. Cohen; Anthony Prince; Noam A. Cohen

    2008-01-01

    Background: Symptoms of postnasal drainage and thickened mucus are commonly seen in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) recalcitrant to sinus surgery and conventional medical therapies. Chemical surfactants can act as a mucolytic by reducing water surface tension and have the potential to serve as an antimicrobial agent. Baby shampoo is an inexpensive, commercially available solution containing multiple chemical surfactants. This

  8. Endovascular Repair as a Bridge to Surgical Repair of an Aortobronchial Fistula Complicating Chronic Residual Aortic Dissection

    PubMed Central

    Matos, Jesus M.; de la Cruz, Kim I.; Ouzounian, Maral; Preventza, Ourania; LeMaire, Scott A.; Coselli, Joseph S.

    2014-01-01

    Endovascular and open surgical repair have been used in patients with descending thoracic aortic dissection; however, the appropriate treatment is debated. We describe the case of a 60-year-old woman who had a symptomatic, chronic, residual, descending thoracic aortic dissection that was complicated by an aortobronchial fistula. She underwent emergent thoracic endovascular stent-grafting but remained symptomatic. Computed tomographic angiograms showed a contained rupture into the lower lobe of the left lung. The patient underwent definitive surgery to remove the stents, reconstruct the aorta, and resect the nonviable lung tissue. The remainder of her postoperative course was uneventful, and she was discharged from the hospital 13 days after the 2nd operation. Results of genetic testing confirmed an earlier presumptive diagnosis of Marfan syndrome. In an emergency, the best initial option for patients with a complicated descending thoracic aortic dissection might be thoracic endovascular aortic repair, which could serve as a bridge to definitive open repair. PMID:24808784

  9. Care Seeking Behavior of Chest Symptomatics: A Community Based Study Done in South India after the Implementation of the RNTCP

    PubMed Central

    Charles, Niruparani; Thomas, Beena; Watson, Basilea; Sakthivel M., Raja; V., Chandrasekeran; Wares, Fraser

    2010-01-01

    Introduction With the creation of the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP), tuberculosis services have become decentralized and more accessible. A 1997 study prior to RNTCP implementation reported that most chest symptomatics accessed first private health care facilities and a general dissatisfaction with government health facilities. The study was repeated post-RNTCP implementation to gain insight into the current care seeking behavior of chest symptomatics. Methodology A cross-sectional community-based study carried out between March-August 2008 in 4 sites (2 rural [R] and 2 urban [U]) from the same two districts of Chennai and Madurai, southern India, as in the 1997 study. Six hundred and forty chest symptomatics were identified (R 314; U 326), and detailed interviews were done for 606 (R311; U295). Results Prevalence of chest symptomatics in the urban and rural areas were 2.7% and 4.9% respectively (p<0.01), and was found to increase with age (Chi-square for trend, p<0.01). Longer delays in seeking care were seen amongst symptomatics above 45 years of age (p 0.01), and those who had taken previous TB treatment (p?=?0.05). Overall, 50% (222/444) of the chest symptomatics approached a government health care facility first (R 142 (61%); U 80 (38%), p?=?<0.001). This was significantly (p<0.001) more than were observed in the 1997 study, where only 38.4% approached a government facility first. Sixty two (28%) of the 222 made a second visit to a government facility (R26%; U31%), while 17% shifted to a private facility (R14%; U21%). Dissatisfaction with the health care facility was one of the major reasons expressed. Conclusions It appears that the RNTCP has had an impact in the community with regard to the availability and accessibility of TB services in government health facilities. However the relatively high levels of subsequent shifting to private health facilities calls for urgent action to make government facilities more patients friendly with quality care facilities in the delivery of RNTCP services. PMID:20862219

  10. Norepinephrine as a Potential Aggravator of Symptomatic Cerebral Vasospasm: Two Cases and Argument for Milrinone Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Zeiler, F. A.; Silvaggio, J.; Kaufmann, A. M.; Gillman, L. M.; West, M.

    2014-01-01

    Background. During hypertensive therapy for post-subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) symptomatic vasospasm, norepinephrine is commonly used to reach target blood pressures. Concerns over aggravation of vasospasm with norepinephrine exist. Objective. To describe norepinephrine temporally related deterioration in neurological examination of two post-SAH patients in vasospasm. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed two charts of patients with delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) post-SAH who deteriorated with norepinephrine infusions. Results. We identified two patients with DCI post-SAH who deteriorated during hypertensive therapy with norepinephrine. The first, a 43-year-old male presented to hospital with DCI, failed MABP directed therapy with rapid deterioration in exam with high dose norepinephrine and MABP of 140–150?mm?Hg. His exam improved on continuous milrinone and discontinuation of norepinephrine. The second, a 39-year-old female who developed DCI on postbleed day 8 responded to milrinone therapy upfront. During further deterioration and after angioplasty, norepinephrine was utilized to drive MABP to 130–140?mm?Hg. Progressive deterioration in examination occurred after angioplasty as norepinephrine doses escalated. After discontinuation of norepinephrine and continuation of milrinone, function dramatically returned but not to baseline. Conclusions. The potential exists for worsening of DCI post-SAH with hypertensive therapy directed by norepinephrine. A potential role exists for vasodilation and inotropic directed therapy with milrinone in the setting of DCI post-SAH. PMID:25431686

  11. Intravenous Flat-Detector Computed Tomography Angiography for Symptomatic Cerebral Vasospasm following Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    PubMed Central

    Jeon, Jin Pyeong; Sheen, Seung Hun; Cho, Yong-Jun

    2014-01-01

    The study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of intravenous flat-detector computed tomography (IV FDCT) angiography in assessing hemodynamically significant cerebral vasospasm in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as the reference. DSA and IV FDCT were conducted concurrently in patients suspected of having symptomatic cerebral vasospasm postoperatively. The presence and severity of vasospasm were estimated according to location (proximal versus distal). Vasospasm >50% was defined as having hemodynamic significance. Vasospasms <30% were excluded from this analysis to avoid spectrum bias. Twenty-nine patients (311 vessel segments) were measured. The intra- and interobserver agreements were excellent for depicting vasospasm (k = 0.84 and 0.74, resp.). IV FDCT showed a sensitivity of 95.7%, specificity of 92.3%, positive predictive value of 93.6%, and negative predictive value of 94.7% for detecting vasospasm (>50%) with DSA as the reference. Bland-Altman plots revealed good agreement of assessing vasospasm between the two tests. The discrepancy of vasospasm severity was more noted in the distal location with high-severity. However, it was not statistically significant (Spearman's rank test; r = 0.15, P = 0.35). Therefore, IV FDCT could be a feasible noninvasive test to evaluate suspected significant vasospasm in SAH. PMID:25383367

  12. Enhancement of femtosecond lenticule extraction for visual symptomatic eye after myopia correction

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The novel Femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) procedure has been considered safe, predictable, and effective in treating myopia and myopic astigmatism, with few complications. However, an enhancement procedure after FLEx may be required in some cases, but has not been reported in detail. Case presentation A 24-year-old woman who had undergone bilateral FLEx with the VisuMax femtosecond laser treatment for myopic astigmatism complained of double vision in her left eye after the operation. The manifest refraction was ?0.50/-1.25?×?180°. The corneal topography showed a central-inferior steepened zone. The ocular wavefront measurements displayed a high value of total aberrations as well as coma. She was scheduled for an enhancement procedure and it was performed by relifting the primary FLEx flap in the left eye four months later. Ablation was made with the Mel-80 excimer laser. After retreatment, the corresponding aberrations were diminished and the corneal topography turned flattened. Her symptom resolved completely with good visual outcomes. Conclusion This first detailed case report demonstrates the feasibility and efficacy of enhancement after FLEx for visual symptomatic eye after myopia correction. An analysis of more cases would be necessary to determine a more definite profile. PMID:24884873

  13. Implicit and Explicit Aspects of Sequence Learning in Pre-Symptomatic Huntington's Disease

    PubMed Central

    Ghilardi, M. F.; Silvestri, G.; Feigin, A.; Mattis, P.; Zgaljardic, D.; Moisello, C.; Crupi, D.; Marinelli, L.; DiRocco, A.; Eidelberg, D.

    2008-01-01

    Learning deficits may be part of the early symptoms of Huntington's disease (HD). Here we characterized implicit and explicit aspects of sequence learning in eleven pre-symptomatic HD gene carriers (pHD) and eleven normal controls. Subjects moved a cursor on a digitizing tablet and performed the following tasks: SEQ: learning to anticipate the appearance of a target sequence in two blocks; VSEQ: learning a sequence by attending to the display without moving for one block, and by moving to the sequence in a successive block (VSEQtest). Explicit learning was measured with declarative scores and number of anticipatory movements. Implicit learning was measured as a strategy change reflected in movement time. By the end of SEQ, pHD had a significantly lower number of correct anticipatory movements and lower declarative scores than controls, while in VSEQ and VSEQtest these indices improved. During all three tasks, movement time changed in controls, but not in pHD. These results suggest that both explicit and implicit aspects of sequence learning may be impaired before the onset of motor symptoms. However, when attentional demands decrease, explicit, but not implicit, learning may improve. PMID:18316233

  14. Survey of babesiosis in symptomatic dogs from Romania: occurrence of Babesia gibsoni associated with breed.

    PubMed

    Imre, Mirela; Farkas, Róbert; Ilie, Marius Stelian; Imre, Kálmán; D?r?bu?, Gheorghe

    2013-12-01

    Blood samples from 49 symptomatic dogs from 5 western and north-western counties of Romania were screened using microscopic examination, polymerase-chain-reaction-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism procedure (PCR-RFLP), and sequence analysis. Results of the microscopic evaluation of stained blood smears revealed 45 positive samples with the presence of large and small intraerythrocytic piroplasms in 35 and 10 samples, respectively. Babesia canis (35/49, 71.4%) and Babesia gibsoni (14/49, 28.6%) were identified and differentiated by PCR-RFLP targeting the 18S rRNA gene. Results of the sequence analysis of all B. gibsoni and 17 randomly selected B. canis PCR products confirmed the PCR-RFLP-diagnosed species. The distribution of B. gibsoni infection was positively associated (p<0.001) with fighting dog breeds including infection in 12 American Pit Bull Terriers and one American Staffordshire Terrier. This report is the first to present molecular evidence of the occurrence of B. gibsoni in Romania confirmed by sequencing. PMID:23994336

  15. High frequency of factor V Leiden in surgical patients with symptomatic venous thromboembolism despite prophylaxis.

    PubMed

    Baba-Ahmed, Mohamed; Le Gal, Grégoire; Couturaud, Francis; Lacut, Karine; Oger, Emmanuel; Leroyer, Christophe

    2007-02-01

    Among candidate risk factors associated with postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE), the role of factorV Leiden (FVL) mutation remains unclear. We performed a case-control study to assess the potential significance of FVL mutation in postoperative VTE cases despite prophylaxis. We used data from the ongoing case-control "EDITH" study. We extracted 133VTE cases and 144 controls who had undergone either surgery or had plaster cast in the previous three months. Prophylaxis adequacy with regard to the recommendations published by the American College of Chest Physicians was retrospectively assessed. FVL mutation was present in 20VTE cases and four controls (OR 5.9, 95% CI 2-18). Prophylaxis was judged as adequate in 116 cases (88.5%) and in 129 controls (87.2%) (p=0.66). The frequency of FVL mutation was not different in VTE cases occurring while on adequate prophylaxis and in VTE cases occurring after the end of adequate prophylaxis (p=0.27). FVL mutation was closely associated with postoperative VTE in patients classified as having received an adequate prophylaxis (8.4; 95% CI, 2.4 to 29). This study shows a close association between the presence of factorV Leiden mutation in symptomatic VTE occurring after surgery despite prophylaxis. PMID:17264942

  16. Symptomatic therapy of dyspnea with strong opioids and its effect on ventilation in palliative care patients.

    PubMed

    Clemens, Katri Elina; Klaschik, Eberhard

    2007-04-01

    This study assessed the effect of opioid treatment on ventilation in dyspneic palliative care patients who received symptomatic treatment with strong opioids. The assessments measured changes in peripheral arterial oxygen saturation (SaO(2)), transcutaneous arterial pressure of carbon dioxide (tcPCO(2)), respiratory rate (f), and pulse rate (PF) during the titration phase with morphine or hydromorphone. The aims of the study were to verify the efficacy of opioids for the management of dyspnea, assess the effect on ventilation, and show whether nasal O(2) insufflation before opioid application leads to a decrease in the intensity of dyspnea. Eleven patients admitted to our palliative care unit were included in this prospective, nonrandomized trial. At admission, all patients suffered from dyspnea. tcPCO(2), SaO(2), and PF were measured transcutaneously by means of a SenTec Digital Monitor (SenTec AG, Switzerland). During O(2) insufflation, the intensity of dyspnea did not change. In contrast, the opioid produced a significant improvement in the intensity of dyspnea (P=0.003). Mean f decreased as early as 30 minutes after the first opioid administration, declining from 41.8+/-4.7 (35.0-50.0) to 35.5+/-4.2 (30.0-40.0), and after 90 minutes, to 25.7+/-4.5 (20.0-32.0) breaths/min. Other monitored respiratory parameters, however, showed no significant changes. There was no opioid-induced respiratory depression. PMID:17397708

  17. Progesterone and progesterone receptor modulators in the management of symptomatic uterine fibroids.

    PubMed

    Talaulikar, Vikram Sinai; Manyonda, Isaac

    2012-12-01

    The majority of symptomatic uterine fibroids are currently treated by surgical interventions (myomectomy or hysterectomy) or radiological treatments (uterine artery embolisation or focussed ultrasound surgery). None of these treatments is a panacea, and what is conspicuous is the lack of an effective long-term medical therapy for a disorder so common among women of reproductive age. It has been known for some time that progesterone and its receptors enhance proliferative activity in fibroids and this has raised the possibility that anti-progestins and (PRMs) could be useful in the medical management of fibroids. Some of the compounds which have produced promising results in recent clinical trials or research studies include mifepristone, CDB-4124 (telapristone), CP-8947, J-867 (asoprisnil) and CDB-2914 (ulipristal acetate or UA). UA has recently completed Phase III clinical trials with very encouraging results, and has now acquired a licence for clinical use in Europe. While considerable research has yet to be done on the long-term safety and efficacy of UA there is nevertheless good reason for optimism on the emergence of effective medical therapy in the form of UA and possibly other PRMs. PMID:22901974

  18. Prevalence of symptomatic and asymptomatic coronary artery disease in patients with stroke.

    PubMed

    Aggarwal, Kapil; Bhatia, Rohit; Sharma, Gautam; Patel, Chetan; Padma, M V; Prasad, Kameshwar; Tripathi, Manjari; Singh, Mamta Bhushan

    2013-01-01

    Background. Studies have shown that myocardial infarction is a leading cause of death in patients recovering from stroke or transient ischaemic attacks. We aimed to study the prevalence of symptomatic and asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with stroke. Methods. Eighty-six patients with stroke were evaluated for risk factors and presence of CAD. Patients without a previous diagnosis of CAD underwent stress-rest gated technetium-99m (Tc99m) tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) scan to estimate the presence or absence of a reversible perfusion deficit. Results. Thirty-three patients (clinically asymptomatic for CAD) did not consent for the MPS scan. Among the remaining 53 patients, 13 patients had been previously diagnosed to have CAD, 8 patients were suspected to have underlying CAD and 32 patients were asymptomatic. Among the patients with suspected CAD, 2 had abnormal MPS scans and one had triple-vessel disease on coronary angiography. Of the asymptomatic patients, 6 had CAD. The overall proportion of CAD among patients with stroke was 41.5% (22/53) and that of asymptomatic CAD 18.8% (6/32). Conclusion. A considerable number of patients with stroke may have associated CAD. An optimal management strategy in stroke patients who have silent CAD may improve clinical outcomes. PMID:25017834

  19. Management of symptomatic spontaneous isolated visceral artery dissection: is emergent intervention mandatory?

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wayne W; Killeen, J David; Chiriano, Jason; Bianchi, Christian; Teruya, Theodore H; Abou-Zamzam, Ahmed M

    2009-01-01

    Spontaneous dissection of a visceral artery without associated aortic dissection is rare, although more cases have recently been reported because of the advancement of diagnostic techniques. The risk factors, causes, and natural history of spontaneous isolated visceral artery dissection are unclear. Treatment with open surgery, endovascular stenting, or anticoagulation therapy has been proposed; however, there is no consensus on the optimal management. We present three cases of spontaneous and isolated dissection of visceral arteries. Dissection involved the superior mesenteric artery in one and the celiac artery in two. All three patients presented with acute abdominal pain but lacked any peritoneal irritation. The patients were treated nonoperatively with anticoagulants or antiplatelets. No surgical or endovascular intervention was performed. Follow-up imaging studies demonstrated improvement of the dissection in two patients and no change in one patient. All patients were symptom-free over a mean follow-up of 17 months. Nonoperative treatment with close observation is an acceptable strategy in the management of spontaneous isolated dissection of visceral arteries. Emergent intervention is not mandatory in symptomatic patients without evidence of acute bowel ischemia or hemorrhage. PMID:18774686

  20. Understanding missed opportunities for more timely diagnosis of cancer in symptomatic patients after presentation.

    PubMed

    Lyratzopoulos, G; Vedsted, P; Singh, H

    2015-03-31

    The diagnosis of cancer is a complex, multi-step process. In this paper, we highlight factors involved in missed opportunities to diagnose cancer more promptly in symptomatic patients and discuss responsible mechanisms and potential strategies to shorten intervals from presentation to diagnosis. Missed opportunities are instances in which post-hoc judgement indicates that alternative decisions or actions could have led to more timely diagnosis. They can occur in any of the three phases of the diagnostic process (initial diagnostic assessment; diagnostic test performance and interpretation; and diagnostic follow-up and coordination) and can involve patient, doctor/care team, and health-care system factors, often in combination. In this perspective article, we consider epidemiological 'signals' suggestive of missed opportunities and draw on evidence from retrospective case reviews of cancer patient cohorts to summarise factors that contribute to missed opportunities. Multi-disciplinary research targeting such factors is important to shorten diagnostic intervals post presentation. Insights from the fields of organisational and cognitive psychology, human factors science and informatics can be extremely valuable in this emerging research agenda. We provide a conceptual foundation for the development of future interventions to minimise the occurrence of missed opportunities in cancer diagnosis, enriching current approaches that chiefly focus on clinical decision support or on widening access to investigations. PMID:25734393

  1. Simultaneous Cranioplasty and Subdural-Peritoneal Shunting for Contralateral Symptomatic Subdural Hygroma following Decompressive Craniectomy

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Muh-Shi; Chen, Tzu-Hsuan; Kung, Woon-Man; Chen, Shuo-Tsung

    2015-01-01

    Background. Contralateral subdural hygroma caused by decompressive craniectomy tends to combine with external cerebral herniation, causing neurological deficits. Material and Methods. Nine patients who underwent one-stage, simultaneous cranioplasty and contralateral subdural-peritoneal shunting were included in this study. Clinical outcome was assessed by Glasgow Outcome Scale as well as Glasgow Coma Scale, muscle power scoring system, and complications. Results. Postoperative computed tomography scans demonstrated completely resolved subdural hygroma and reversed midline shifts, indicating excellent outcome. Among these 9 patients, 4 patients (44%) had improved GOS following the proposed surgery. Four out of 4 patients with lethargy became alert and orientated following surgical intervention. Muscle strength improved significantly 5 months after surgery in 7 out of 7 patients with weakness. Two out of 9 patients presented with drowsiness due to hydrocephalus at an average time of 65 days after surgery. Double gradient shunting is useful to eliminate the respective hydrocephalus and contralateral subdural hygroma. Conclusion. The described surgical technique is effective in treating symptomatic contralateral subdural hygroma following decompressive craniectomy and is associated with an excellent structural and functional outcome. However, subdural-peritoneal shunting plus cranioplasty thoroughly resolves the subdural hygroma collection, which might deteriorate the cerebrospinal fluid circulation, leading to hydrocephalus. PMID:25879062

  2. Symptomatic Models of Parkinson's Disease and L-DOPA-Induced Dyskinesia in Non-human Primates.

    PubMed

    Johnston, Tom M; Fox, Susan H

    2015-01-01

    Models of Parkinson's disease (PD) can be produced in several non-human primate (NHP) species by applying neurotoxic lesions to the nigrostriatal dopamine pathway. The most commonly used neurotoxin is MPTP, a compound accidentally discovered as a contaminant of street drugs. Compared to other neurotoxins, MPTP has the advantage of crossing the blood-brain barrier and can thus be administered systemically. MPTP-lesioned NHPs exhibit the main core clinical features of PD. When treated with L-DOPA, these NHP models develop involuntary movements resembling the phenomenology of human dyskinesias. In old-world NHP species (macaques, baboons), choreic and dystonic dyskinesias can be readily distinguished and quantified with specific rating scales. More recently, certain non-motor symptoms relevant to human PD have been described in L-DOPA-treated MPTP-NHPs, including a range of neuropsychiatric abnormalities and sleep disturbances. The main shortcomings of MPTP-NHP models consist in a lack of progression of the underlying neurodegenerative lesion, along with an inability to model the intracellular protein-inclusion pathology typical of PD. The strength of MPTP-NHP models lies in their face and predictive validity for symptomatic treatments of parkinsonian motor features. Indeed, these models have been instrumental to the development of several medical and surgical approaches that are currently applied to treat PD. PMID:25158623

  3. Ulipristal acetate in the management of symptomatic uterine fibroids: facts and pending issues.

    PubMed

    Pérez-López, F R

    2015-04-01

    Various treatment options have been proposed for the management of human symptomatic uterine fibroids (or myomas). Despite this, the most popular one is surgery (myomectomy or hysterectomy). Ulipristal acetate (UA) is a selective progesterone receptor modulator. In women programmed for surgical treatment for uterine fibroids, oral UA treatment (5 or 10 mg/day) controls symptoms, reduces tumor size and improves quality of life as compared to placebo and is not inferior to monthly intramuscular injection of leuprolide acetate for 3 months. Women treated with up to 4 courses of UA (10 mg/day for 3 months) followed or not by norethisterone acetate (10 mg/day for 10 days or placebo) reported a high rate of bleeding control, and improved quality of life, pain anxiety and depression. Median fibroid volume after successive courses of UA treatment ranged from -63% to -72% as compared to baseline value. Endometrium showed benign histological changes without hyperplasia, while adverse events were mild or moderate throughout the several courses of treatment. There is a need for global cost assessment of UA treatment for uterine fibroids, including those women that do not reach their expected outcome and need other complementary explorations or treatments. Studies are needed in non-Caucasian women, in infertile patients and in cases of fibroids associated with adenomyosis. Furthermore, assessment of long-term UA treatment should include endometrial, cardiocirculatory and neurological endpoints. PMID:25390187

  4. Osteonecrosis in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: An Early, Frequent, and Not Always Symptomatic Complication

    PubMed Central

    Caramaschi, Paola; Biasi, Domenico; Dal Forno, Ilaria; Adami, Silvano

    2012-01-01

    Osteonecrosis may complicate the course of systemic lupus erythematosus and may contemporaneously affect multiple joints. The major risk factor associated with the development of osteonecrosis is the use of glucocorticoid at high doses. Recent studies using serial MRI, which represents the “gold standard” for the early detection of osteonecrosis, yielded some interesting findings about the natural history of this clinical entity. Osteonecrosis in the majority of the cases is asymptomatic and occurs early in the course of the disease. Its later occurrence is associated with lupus flare that requires the increase of corticosteroid dose. The optimal treatment of osteonecrosis is controversial. In case of silent osteonecrosis involving a small area conservative strategy is usually adequate. When lesions are symptomatic surgical treatment as core decompression or free vascularized fibular grafting is required; extracorporeal shockwave treatment may represent an alternative therapeutic approach. When the lesion has a medium-large dimension or involves a weight-bearing area bone collapse is a common complication requiring total joint replacement. Coadministration of bisphosphonate or warfarin with high doses of corticosteroid might be a promising preventive strategy of osteonecrosis. PMID:22919470

  5. Cholescintigraphy: gallbladder nonvisualization secondary to neoplasm

    SciTech Connect

    Lecklitner, M.L.; Rosen, P.R.; Nusynowitz, M.L.

    1981-08-01

    Whereas the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis is characterized by nonvisualization of the gallbladder with Tc-99m iminodiacetic acid derivatives, nonvisualization is not specific for acute cholecystitis. The first reported case of nonvisualization of the gallbladder due to neoplasm is added to an expanding list of causes of nonvisualization other than the more frequent causes: acute and chronic cholecystitis.

  6. Microsurgical Excision of Symptomatic Sacral Perineurial Cyst with Sacral Recapping Laminectomy : A Case Report in Technical Aspects

    PubMed Central

    Seo, Dae-Hyun; Yoon, Kyeong-Wook; Lee, Sang Koo

    2014-01-01

    Perineurial cysts (Tarlov cysts) are lesions of the nerve root that are often observed in the sacral area. There is debate about whether symptomatic perineurial cysts should be treated surgically. We presented three patients with symptomatic perineurial cyst who were treated surgically, and introduced sacral recapping laminectomy. Patients complained of low back pain and hypesthesia on lower extremities. We performed operations with sacral recapping technique for all three. The outcome measure was baseline visual analogue score and post operative follow up magnetic resonance images. All patients were completely relieved of symptoms after operation. Although not sufficient to address controversies, this small case series introduces successful use of a particular surgical technique to treat sacral perineural cyst, with resolution of most symptoms and no sequelae. PMID:24653808

  7. Microsurgical excision of symptomatic sacral perineurial cyst with sacral recapping laminectomy : a case report in technical aspects.

    PubMed

    Seo, Dae-Hyun; Yoon, Kyeong-Wook; Lee, Sang Koo; Kim, Young-Jin

    2014-02-01

    Perineurial cysts (Tarlov cysts) are lesions of the nerve root that are often observed in the sacral area. There is debate about whether symptomatic perineurial cysts should be treated surgically. We presented three patients with symptomatic perineurial cyst who were treated surgically, and introduced sacral recapping laminectomy. Patients complained of low back pain and hypesthesia on lower extremities. We performed operations with sacral recapping technique for all three. The outcome measure was baseline visual analogue score and post operative follow up magnetic resonance images. All patients were completely relieved of symptoms after operation. Although not sufficient to address controversies, this small case series introduces successful use of a particular surgical technique to treat sacral perineural cyst, with resolution of most symptoms and no sequelae. PMID:24653808

  8. Symptomatic cytomegalovirus infection in seropositive kidney recipients: reinfection with donor virus rather than reactivation of recipient virus.

    PubMed

    Grundy, J E; Lui, S F; Super, M; Berry, N J; Sweny, P; Fernando, O N; Moorhead, J; Griffiths, P D

    1988-07-16

    74 patients receiving cadaver kidney grafts were investigated prospectively for cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Among seropositive recipients CMV infection, especially symptomatic and disseminated infection, occurred significantly more frequently when kidneys came from seropositive than from seronegative donors. Since seropositive recipients can become infected with donor virus, the excess is probably accounted for by reinfection. This conclusion was supported by restriction enzyme typing of virus isolates from recipient pairs receiving kidneys from the same donor; proven reinfection with donor strain virus was significantly commoner than proven reactivation of recipient virus. Furthermore, symptoms occurred only in the proven reinfection group. Although the proportion of reinfections that caused symptoms was less than that seen in primary infections, prior natural infection with CMV clearly does not prevent symptomatic reinfection in seropositive recipients, a point which has profound implications for future vaccination strategies in renal allograft recipients and choice of donors. PMID:2899189

  9. Nutrition and Chronic Wounds

    PubMed Central

    Molnar, Joseph Andrew; Underdown, Mary Jane; Clark, William Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Significance: Nutrition is one of the most basic of medical issues and is often ignored as a problem in the management of our chronic wound patients. Unfortunately, malnutrition is widespread in our geriatric patients even in nursing homes in developed countries. Attention to basic nutrition and providing appropriate supplements may assist in the healing of our chronic wounds. Recent Advances: Recent research has revealed the epidemiology of malnutrition in developed countries, the similarities to malnutrition in developing countries, and some of the physiologic and sociologic causes for this problem. More information is now available on the biochemical effects of nutrient deficiency and supplementation with macronutrients and micronutrients. In some cases, administration of isolated nutrients beyond recommended amounts for healthy individuals may have a pharmacologic effect to help wounds heal. Critical Issues: Much of the knowledge of the nutritional support of chronic wounds is based on information that has been obtained from trauma management. Due to the demographic differences of the patients and differences in the physiology of acute and chronic wounds, it is not logical to assume that all aspects of nutritional support are identical in these patient groups. Before providing specific nutritional supplements, appropriate assessments of patient general nutritional status and the reasons for malnutrition must be obtained or specific nutrient supplementation will not be utilized. Future Directions: Future research must concentrate on the biochemical and physiologic differences of the acute and chronic wounds and the interaction with specific supplements, such as antioxidants, vitamin A, and vitamin D. PMID:25371850

  10. Management of Chronic Paronychia

    PubMed Central

    Relhan, Vineet; Goel, Khushbu; Bansal, Shikha; Garg, Vijay Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Chronic paronychia is an inflammatory disorder of the nail folds of a toe or finger presenting as redness, tenderness, and swelling. It is recalcitrant dermatoses seen commonly in housewives and housemaids. It is a multifactorial inflammatory reaction of the proximal nail fold to irritants and allergens. Repeated bouts of inflammation lead to fibrosis of proximal nail fold with poor generation of cuticle, which in turn exposes the nail further to irritants and allergens. Thus, general preventive measures form cornerstone of the therapy. Though previously anti-fungals were the mainstay of therapy, topical steroid creams have been found to be more effective in the treatment of chronic paronychia. In recalcitrant cases, surgical treatment may be resorted to, which includes en bloc excision of the proximal nail fold or an eponychial marsupialization, with or without nail plate removal. Newer therapies and surgical modalities are being employed in the management of chronic paronychia. In this overview, we review recent epidemiological studies, present current thinking on the pathophysiology leading to chronic paronychia, discuss the challenges chronic paronychia presents, and recommend a commonsense approach to management. PMID:24470654

  11. Effect of ganciclovir therapy on hearing in symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus disease involving the central nervous system: a randomized, controlled trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David W. Kimberlin; Chin-Yu Lin; Pablo J. Sánchez; Gail J. Demmler; Wayne Dankner; Mark Shelton; Richard F. Jacobs; Wendy Vaudry; Robert F. Pass; Jan M. Kiell; Seng-jaw Soong; Richard J. Whitley

    2003-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ganciclovir therapy in neonates with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease.Study design Neonates with symptomatic CMV disease involving the central nervous system were randomly assigned to receive 6 weeks of intravenous ganciclovir versus no treatment. The primary end point was improved brainstem-evoked response (BSER) between baseline and 6-month follow-up (or, for patients with normal

  12. The prevalence of symptomatic knee and distal interphalangeal joint osteoarthritis in the urban population of Antalya, Turkey.

    PubMed

    Kaçar, C; Gilgil, E; Urhan, S; Arikan, V; Dündar, U; Oksüz, M C; Sünbüloglu, G; Yildirim, C; Tekeoglu, I; Bütün, B; Apaydin, A; Tuncer, T

    2005-04-01

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of symptomatic knee and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint osteoarthritis (OA) in the elderly (> or =50 years of age) urban population of Antalya, Turkey. According to the 1997 national census, Antalya's population was 508,840. By random cluster sampling, 655 individuals aged 50 years or more were interviewed face-to-face and subjected to structured interviews regarding knee pain, worsening pain on exertion, and the gelling phenomenon. They were also asked about performing namaz (a fundamental act of worship in Islam performed five times a day), smoking, type of residence, type of toilet, work style, and duration of walking per day. They were also questioned about swelling in DIP joints. In the case of suspicion of knee OA, the individuals were invited to the hospital for further evaluation by physical examination and direct roentgenogram. The diagnosis of knee OA was based on clinical or clinical and radiographic findings. The prevalence of symptomatic knee OA was determined as 14.8% in the population aged 50 years or over. Advanced age, female sex, namaz, and type of residence were found to be associated with knee OA. The rate of symptomatic knee OA was significantly lower in smokers and those walking more than 2 h per day. Female sex was also strongly associated with OA DIP joints. OA of DIP joints was found significantly associated with symptomatic knee OA. The latter is a major health problem in the elderly population, especially in about one fourth of women aged 50 years or over. These data suggest that advanced age, female sex, and type of residence are risk factors. PMID:14661112

  13. Trail Making Test A Improves Performance Characteristics of the International HIV-Dementia Scale to Identify Symptomatic HAND

    PubMed Central

    Chalermchai, Thep; Valcour, Victor; Sithinamsuwan, Pasiri; Pinyakorn, Suteeraporn; Clifford, David; Paul, Robert H; Tipsuk, Somporn; Fletcher, James L K; DeGruttola, Victor; Ratto-Kim, Silvia; Hutchings, Nicholas; Shikuma, Cecilia; Ananworanich, Jintanat

    2013-01-01

    Although HIV-Associated Dementia (HAD) occurs in less than 5% of individuals with access to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), rates of milder forms of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND) are much higher. We sought to define an optimal cut-point for the International HIV-Dementia Scale (IHDS) in Thailand for the identification of symptomatic HAND, defined as both HAD and Mild Neurocognitive Disorder (MND). We then sought to determine if adding a simple test from a larger neuropsychological battery could improve the performance characteristics for identifying symptomatic HAND. In this study 75 seropositive adults in Bangkok, Thailand, subjects completed neuropsychological tests and underwent a full neurological assessment. HAND diagnoses were determined by consensus conference using the 2007 Frascati criteria, blinded to the IHDS results. The optimal IHDS cut-point was determined by Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis with cross-validation. Individual neuropsychological tests were then evaluated and combined with the IHDS to test performance characteristics. The IHDS was poor at detecting symptomatic HAND at the optimized cut-point of ?10 (sensitivity: 53.3%, specificity: 89.8%). The Trail Making Test A was most effective in improving performance characteristics when combined with the IHDS, with net sensitivity of 86% and specificity of 79%. In this setting, the IHDS performed poorly in identifying symptomatic HAND, but was substantially improved by the addition of Trail Making Test A, which typically requires less than two minutes to complete. This combination should be validated in a larger setting since it may address the critical need for HAND screening instruments in international settings. PMID:23483520

  14. Trail Making Test A improves performance characteristics of the International HIV Dementia Scale to identify symptomatic HAND.

    PubMed

    Chalermchai, Thep; Valcour, Victor; Sithinamsuwan, Pasiri; Pinyakorn, Suteeraporn; Clifford, David; Paul, Robert H; Tipsuk, Somporn; Fletcher, James L K; Degruttola, Victor; Ratto-Kim, Silvia; Hutchings, Nicholas; Shikuma, Cecilia; Ananworanich, Jintanat

    2013-04-01

    Although HIV-associated dementia (HAD) occurs in less than 5 % of individuals with access to combination antiretroviral therapy, rates of milder forms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) are much higher. We sought to define an optimal cut point for the International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS) in Thailand for the identification of symptomatic HAND, defined as both HAD and mild neurocognitive disorder. We then sought to determine if adding a simple test from a larger neuropsychological battery could improve the performance characteristics for identifying symptomatic HAND. In this study, subjects comprising 75 seropositive adults in Bangkok, Thailand, completed neuropsychological tests and underwent a full neurological assessment. HAND diagnoses were determined by consensus conference using the 2007 Frascati criteria, blinded to the IHDS results. The optimal IHDS cut point was determined by receiver operating characteristic analysis with cross-validation. Individual neuropsychological tests were then evaluated and combined with the IHDS to test performance characteristics. The IHDS was poor at detecting symptomatic HAND at the optimized cut point of ? 10 (sensitivity, 53.3 %; specificity, 89.8 %). Trail Making Test A was most effective in improving performance characteristics when combined with the IHDS, with net sensitivity of 86 % and specificity of 79 %. In this setting, the IHDS performed poorly in identifying symptomatic HAND, but was substantially improved by the addition of Trail Making Test A, which typically requires less than 2 min to complete. This combination should be validated in a larger setting since it may address the critical need for HAND screening instruments in international settings. PMID:23483520

  15. A Clinical Prediction Model to Estimate Risk for Thirty Day Adverse Events in Emergency Department Patients with Symptomatic Atrial Fibrillation

    PubMed Central

    Barrett, Tyler W.; Martin, Amy R.; Storrow, Alan B.; Jenkins, Cathy A; Harrell, Frank E.; Russ, Stephan; Roden, Dan M.; Darbar, Dawood

    2010-01-01

    Study Objective Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects over 2 million people in the United States and accounts for nearly 1% of emergency department (ED) visits. Physicians have little information to guide risk stratification of patients with symptomatic AF and admit more than 65%. Our aim was to assess whether data available in the ED management of symptomatic AF can estimate a patient's risk of experiencing a 30-day adverse event. Methods We systematically reviewed the electronic medical records of all ED patients presenting with symptomatic AF between August 2005 and July 2008. Predefined adverse outcomes included 30-day ED return visit, unscheduled hospitalization, cardiovascular complication or death. We performed multivariable logistic regression to identify predictors of 30-day adverse events. The model was validated using 300 bootstrap replications. Results During the 3-year study period, 914 patients accounted for 1228 ED visits. Eighty patients were excluded for non-AF related complaints and 2 patients had no follow-up recorded. Of 832 eligible patients, 216 (25.9%) experienced at least one of the 30-day adverse events. Increasing age (odds ratio [OR] and [95% CI]: 1.20 per decade [1.06, 1.36]), complaint of dyspnea (OR: 1.57 [1.12, 2.20]), smokers (OR: 2.35 [1.47, 3.76]), inadequate ventricular rate control (OR: 1.58 [1.13, 2.21]), and patients taking beta-blockers (OR: 1.44 [1.02, 2.04]) were independently associated with higher risk for adverse events. C-index was 0.67. Conclusion In ED patients with symptomatic AF, increased age, inadequate ED ventricular rate control, dyspnea, smoking, and beta-blocker treatment were associated with an increased risk of a 30-day adverse event. PMID:20728962

  16. Genetic characterization in symptomatic female DMD carriers: lack of relationship between X-inactivation, transcriptional DMD allele balancing and phenotype

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Although Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies, X-linked recessive myopathies, predominantly affect males, a clinically significant proportion of females manifesting symptoms have also been reported. They represent an heterogeneous group characterized by variable degrees of muscle weakness and/or cardiac involvement. Though preferential inactivation of the normal X chromosome has long been considered the principal mechanism behind disease manifestation in these females, supporting evidence is controversial. Methods Eighteen females showing a mosaic pattern of dystrophin expression on muscle biopsy were recruited and classified as symptomatic (7) or asymptomatic (11), based on the presence or absence of muscle weakness. The causative DMD gene mutations were identified in all cases, and the X-inactivation pattern was assessed in muscle DNA. Transcriptional analysis in muscles was performed in all females, and relative quantification of wild-type and mutated transcripts was also performed in 9 carriers. Dystrophin protein was quantified by immunoblotting in 2 females. Results The study highlighted a lack of relationship between dystrophic phenotype and X-inactivation pattern in females; skewed X-inactivation was found in 2 out of 6 symptomatic carriers and in 5 out of 11 asymptomatic carriers. All females were characterized by biallelic transcription, but no association was found between X-inactivation pattern and allele transcriptional balancing. Either a prevalence of wild-type transcript or equal proportions of wild-type and mutated RNAs was observed in both symptomatic and asymptomatic females. Moreover, very similar levels of total and wild-type transcripts were identified in the two groups of carriers. Conclusions This is the first study deeply exploring the DMD transcriptional behaviour in a cohort of female carriers. Notably, no relationship between X-inactivation pattern and transcriptional behaviour of DMD gene was observed, suggesting that the two mechanisms are regulated independently. Moreover, neither the total DMD transcript level, nor the relative proportion of the wild-type transcript do correlate with the symptomatic phenotype. PMID:22894145

  17. Immunogenicity and immunological memory induced by a 7-valent pneumococcal CRM197 conjugate vaccine in symptomatic HIV1 infected children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vana I. Spoulou; Dimitris L. Tsoumas; Vana G. Papaevangelou; Glykeria I. Mostrou; Maria C. Theodoridou

    2005-01-01

    A 7-valent CRM197 conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (PCV)-induced immune response were evaluated in all Greek symptomatic HIV-1 infected children and 21 age-matched controls. PCV immunogenicity was inferior in HIV patients compared with the controls although differences in geometric mean concentrations (GMC) were not significant (P>.05). Immune responses were strikingly different after anamnestic immunization, given in all study subjects, 12 months later.

  18. Endovascular repair of a symptomatic subclavian artery aneurysm in a patient with Marfan syndrome: a case report.

    PubMed

    Tassiopoulos, Apostolos K; Nadalin, Betania A; Labropoulos, Nicos; Egofske, Peter; Keen, Richard R

    2006-01-01

    Endovascular techniques are being employed with increasing frequency in the management of peripheral arterial aneurysms. A 57-year-old patient with Marfan syndrome presented with a symptomatic 5 cm left subclavian artery aneurysm. He underwent successful endovascular exclusion of the aneurysm with immediate improvement of his symptoms. Duplex ultrasound 3 months after the procedure confirmed a patent graft and complete exclusion of the aneurysm. PMID:17038575

  19. Treatment of highly symptomatic polycystic liver disease. Preliminary experience with a combined hepatic resection-fenestration procedure.

    PubMed Central

    Newman, K D; Torres, V E; Rakela, J; Nagorney, D M

    1990-01-01

    Polycystic liver disease (PLD) associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is usually well tolerated. However there is a small subset of patients who become incapacitated by massive liver enlargement and for whom effective nonsurgical therapy is limited. Recent surgical advances in the treatment of PLD have raised uncertainties regarding proper management of these highly symptomatic patients. We have reviewed our recent experience with a combined hepatic resection-fenestration procedure to assess its efficacy in nine patients. All patients underwent resection of two or more liver segments and extensive fenestration of residual cysts in the remnant liver. Symptomatic relief and reduction in abdominal girth were obtained in eight surviving patients, persisting for an average follow-up period of 17 months. No progression of cystic disease has been observed clinically or by computed tomography and hepatic function was preserved. Three patients had no complications. Five patients had complications including transient right pleural effusion (3) and thrombosis of an arteriovenous fistula (2). One patient who had a previous hepatic cyst fenestration and a cadaveric renal transplantation died after operation of an intracerebral hemorrhage after experiencing coagulopathy, hyperbilirubinemia, and sepsis. Our results suggest (1) some highly symptomatic patients with massive PLD may benefit from combined hepatic resection and fenestration with acceptable risk, and (2) previous liver surgery and immunosuppressive therapy may increase the risk of such surgery. Longer follow-up is needed in a larger number of patients to determine the duration of benefit from the combined resection-fenestration procedure for highly symptomatic PLD. Images Fig. 1A. Figs. 1B and C. Fig. 2. PMID:2363601

  20. Diminished omega-3 fatty acids are associated with carotid plaques from neurologically symptomatic patients: Implications for carotid interventions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hernan A. Bazan; Yan Lu; Deepu Thoppil; Tamara N. Fitzgerald; Song Hong; Alan Dardik

    2009-01-01

    The omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are prevalent in fish oil and their cardioprotective effects are thought to be mediated by anti-inflammatory mechanisms. The aim of this study is to determine whether omega-3 fatty acids are associated with carotid plaques from neurologically symptomatic patients. Plaques were obtained from 41 patients (mean age 62 [44–84]; 24-asymptomatic,

  1. Exercise First-Pass Radionuclide Assessment of Left and Right Ventricular Function and Valvular Regurgitation in Symptomatic Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank J. Lumia; Margaret M. LaManna; Mowaffak Atfeh; Vladir Maranhao

    1989-01-01

    The changes in right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) function and in regurgitant fractions on first-pass exercise radionuclide angiography (RNA) were assessed in 29 consecutive patients with symptomatic mitral valve prolapse (MVP).The mean right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) was 35±8% at rest and 46±15% after exercise (p < 0.001). The mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 62 ±

  2. Symptomatic upper-extremity deep venous thrombosis after pacemaker placement in a pediatric patient: how to treat?

    PubMed

    Spar, David S; Anderson, Jeffrey B; Palumbo, Joseph S; Kukreja, Kamlesh U; Czosek, Richard J

    2013-06-01

    Symptomatic upper-extremity deep venous thrombosis (UEDVT) after pacemaker placement in adults has been reported, but the occurrence of UEDVT in pediatric patients is poorly defined, and no treatment guidelines exist. This report describes a 14-year old girl with a history of complete atrioventricular block who experienced a symptomatic UEDVT 8 months after placement of a transvenous pacemaker. The girl was treated initially with anticoagulation including subcutaneous enoxaparin and a heparin drip, which did not resolve the venous obstruction. In the interventional laboratory, a venogram demonstrated complete obstruction of the left subclavian vein, which was treated successfully with catheter-directed alteplase, direct thrombus removal by manual suctioning, and balloon angioplasty. Warfarin therapy was continued for an additional 6 months, with follow-up venous ultrasounds demonstrating left subclavian vein patency. Soon after completing warfarin therapy, the girl presented with minimal edema of her left distal extremity and was thought to have post-thrombotic syndrome, which resolved quickly. She continued to receive aspirin therapy, with no recurrence of symptoms. In conclusion, symptomatic UEDVT after pacemaker placement in a pediatric patient can be treated successfully with both anticoagulation and interventional therapies. Further studies are needed to evaluate the incidence of thrombus formation among children with transvenous pacemaker placement together with the development of guidelines based on the safety and effectiveness of differing treatments. PMID:22618585

  3. Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with the E200K mutation: longitudinal neuroimaging from asymptomatic to symptomatic CJD.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Oren S; Chapman, Joab; Korczyn, Amos D; Nitsan, Zeev; Appel, Shmuel; Hoffmann, Chen; Rosenmann, Hanna; Kahana, Esther; Lee, Hedok

    2015-03-01

    Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (fCJD) in Jews of Libyan ancestry is caused by an E200K mutation in the PRNP gene. While carriers are born with this mutation, they usually remain asymptomatic until middle age. Early detection of conversion is crucial for understanding and eventually for the treatment of the disease. The aim of this study was to report longitudinal MRI data in E200K individuals who eventually converted from healthy mutation carriers to clinically symptomatic CJD. As a part of a prospective study, asymptomatic E200K mutation carriers were scanned annually until their conversion to symptomatic disease. Standardized diffusion and anatomical MR sequences were performed before and after clinical conversion in the subjects and those were compared to 15 non-carrier siblings ("healthy controls"). Blinded radiological readings and region of interest analyses were performed. Radiological readings of individual cases failed to detect characteristic changes in the scans taken before the conversion. Region of interest analysis of diffusion changes in pre-symptomatic stage was inconclusive; however, ADC reduction was found in early and late stages of the disease. Computerized volumetric analysis revealed monotonic volume reductions in thalamus, putamen and caudate following conversion, and the lateral ventricles showed dilatation of up to 62 % after clinical conversion. Although the clinical manifestations at disease onset are variable, the diffusion abnormalities and/or volume changes in the thalamus and basal ganglia during conversion may indicate early involvement of the thalamostriatal neuronal circuit. PMID:25522698

  4. Radium-223 dichloride: a review of its use in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer with symptomatic bone metastases.

    PubMed

    Shirley, Matt; McCormack, Paul L

    2014-04-01

    Radium-223 dichloride (Xofigo®; formerly Alpharadin™) [hereafter referred to as radium-223] is a first-in-class alpha particle-emitting radiopharmaceutical that has recently been approved for the treatment of patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) with symptomatic bone metastases and no known visceral metastatic disease. Radium-223 is a calcium mimetic, which targets bone, delivering cytotoxic radiation to the sites of bone metastases. In the recently reported Alpharadin™ in Symptomatic Prostate Cancer (ALSYMPCA) phase III study, radium-223 was associated with significantly improved overall survival compared with placebo, making it the first bone-targeted CRPC therapy for which an overall survival benefit has been demonstrated. The ALSYMPCA study also demonstrated the beneficial effects of radium-223 on disease-related symptomatic skeletal events, pain and health-related quality of life. Radium-223 was generally well tolerated, being associated with low rates of myelosuppression and generally mild gastrointestinal adverse events. Thus, radium-223 is a valuable addition to the treatment options for this poor-prognosis population. PMID:24610703

  5. Chronic respiratory diseases and risk factors in 12 regions of the Russian Federation

    PubMed Central

    Chuchalin, Alexander G; Khaltaev, Nikolai; Antonov, Nikolay S; Galkin, Dmitry V; Manakov, Leonid G; Antonini, Paola; Murphy, Michael; Solodovnikov, Alexander G; Bousquet, Jean; Pereira, Marcelo HS; Demko, Irina V

    2014-01-01

    Background Estimation suggests that at least 4 million people die, annually, as a result of chronic respiratory disease (CRD). The Global Alliance against Chronic Respiratory Diseases (GARD) was formed following a mandate from the World Health Assembly to address this serious and growing health problem. Objectives To investigate the prevalence of CRD in Russian symptomatic patients and to evaluate the frequency of major risk factors for CRD in Russia. Methods A cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological study using the GARD questionnaire on adults from 12 regions of the Russian Federation. Common respiratory symptoms and risk factors were recorded. Spirometry was performed in respondents with suspected CRD. Allergic rhinitis (AR) and chronic bronchitis (CB) were defined by the presence of related symptoms according to the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma and the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease guidelines; asthma was defined based on disease symptoms; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was defined as a post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume per 1 second/forced vital capacity ratio <0.7 in symptomatic patients, following the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease guidelines. Results The number of questionnaires completed was 7,164 (mean age 43.4 years; 57.2% female). The prevalence of asthma symptoms was 25.7%, AR 18.2%, and CB 8.6%. Based on patient self-reported diagnosis, 6.9% had asthma, 6.5% AR, and 22.2% CB. The prevalence of COPD based on spirometry in patients with respiratory symptoms was estimated as 21.8%. Conclusion The prevalence of respiratory diseases and risk factors was high in Russia when compared to available data. For bronchial asthma and AR, the prevalence for related symptoms was higher than self-reported previous diagnosis. PMID:25246783

  6. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.

    PubMed

    Marshall, Peter S; Kerr, Kim M; Auger, William R

    2013-12-01

    Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a disease with high mortality and few treatment options. This article reviews the epidemiology of CTEPH and identifies risk factors for its development. The pathobiology and the progression from thromboembolic events to chronically increased right-sided pressures are discussed. The diagnosis and assessment of CTEPH requires several modalities and the role of these is detailed. The pre-operative evaluation assesses peri-operative risk and determines the likelihood of benefit from PTE. Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) remains the treatment of choice in appropriate patients. Nonsurgical therapies for CTEPH may provide benefit in patients who cannot be offered surgery. PMID:24267304

  7. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Richard A

    2007-02-01

    In 1975, clinical, electrodiagnostic, and pathologic features defined chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). Subsequent reports have made it clear that demyelination is a cardinal feature of teh disorder. Over the past 30 years, variants have been described and associated systemic disorders identified. There continues to be discussion, however, as to how best to define CIDP and classify the disorders that are chronic, acquired, immune mediated, and demyelinating. Understanding the disorders allows clinicians to make appropriate treatment decisions. Some disorders originally considered as variants now are shown to have characteristic features that make them distinct from CIDP. It is imperative to recognize the differences between these disorders. PMID:17324721

  8. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy.

    PubMed

    Hughes, Richard

    2010-04-15

    BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy is a chronic progressive or relapsing and remitting disease with a prevalence of up to 8.9 per 100,000. METHODS: This review discusses possible mechanisms, none of which are proven, and describes the evidence for its treatment. RESULTS: Cochrane Reviews provide evidence that corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, and plasma exchange are effective short-term treatments. Attempts to confirm the efficacy of other immunosuppressant agents have not been successful, although they are often used in people whose disease is resistant to the first-line treatments. CONCLUSIONS: More and better trials are needed. PMID:20393791

  9. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Hughes

    2010-01-01

    Background  Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy is a chronic progressive or relapsing and remitting disease with\\u000a a prevalence of up to 8.9 per 100,000.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This review discusses possible mechanisms, none of which are proven, and describes the evidence for its treatment.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Cochrane Reviews provide evidence that corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, and plasma exchange are effective short-term\\u000a treatments. Attempts to confirm the efficacy of

  10. Impairment of colour contrast sensitivity and neuroretinal dysfunction in patients with symptomatic HIV infection or AIDS.

    PubMed Central

    Geier, S A; Kronawitter, U; Bogner, J R; Hammel, G; Berninger, T; Klauss, V; Goebel, F D

    1993-01-01

    Ophthalmic and neurological complications are frequent findings in patients with AIDS. Little is known about neuroretinal dysfunction in patients with HIV infection. The purpose of this study was to measure and evaluate colour vision in patients with HIV infection or AIDS. Colour contrast sensitivity tests were performed on 75 patients (150 eyes) in different stages of HIV infection. A highly sensitive computer graphics system was used to measure tritan, deutan, and protan colour contrast thresholds. Patients were classified into three clinical groups: (a) asymptomatic HIV infection, (b) lymphadenopathy syndrome or AIDS-related complex, and (c) AIDS. Overall, tritan (p < 0.0001), deutan (p = 0.003), and protan (p = 0.009) colour contrast sensitivities were significantly impaired in patients with HIV infection compared with normal controls. Colour thresholds in patients with asymptomatic HIV infection (mean tritan threshold: 4.33; deutan: 4.41; protan: 3.97) were not impaired compared with normal controls. Colour vision was slightly impaired in patients with lymphadenopathy syndrome or AIDS-related complex (tritan: 6.25 (p < 0.0001); deutan: 4.99 (p = 0.02); protan: 4.45 (p = 0.05)). In patients with AIDS the impairment was even more marked (tritan: 7.66 (p < 0.0001); deutan: 5.15 (p < 0.0009); protan: 4.63 (p = 0.004)). Analysis of covariance controlling for age demonstrated a close association between impairment of tritan colour contrast sensitivity and progression of HIV disease (p < 0.0001). Following Köllner's rule, our study suggests that neuroretinal dysfunction occurs in patients with symptomatic HIV infection or AIDS. This is emphasised by the finding that the relative impairment in tritan vision compared with deutan/protan vision might reflect the difference in the number of cones or receptive fields. Measurement of tritan colour contrast sensitivity appears to be an appropriate and easily applicable method to detect early neuroretinal dysfunction in patients with HIV disease. PMID:8280686

  11. Biliary Dyskinesia and Symptomatic Gallstone Disease in Children: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

    PubMed Central

    Youk, Ada O.; Bielefeldt, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite lack of consensus criteria, biliary dyskinesia (BD) is an increasingly accepted pediatric diagnosis. Aims We compared patient characteristics, outcomes, and resource utilization (before and after surgery) between children with BD and symptomatic cholecystolithiasis (LITH). Methods Data from the electronic medical record were abstracted for children diagnosed with BD or LITH between December 1, 2002, and November 30, 2012, at Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh. Results Four hundred and ten patients were identified (BD: 213 patients, LITH: 197 patients). Patients with BD had significantly lower BMI, longer symptom duration, more dyspeptic symptoms, and were more likely to present with other symptoms. Forty-one patients (13.8 %) with BD underwent cholecystectomy despite a normal gallbladder ejection fraction (GB-EF). In 32 of these, sincalide triggered pain compared to 75 of the 155 patients with low GB-EF. After surgery, patients with BD more commonly visited gastroenterology clinics and had more GI-related hospitalizations, while emergency room visits decreased in both groups. Only the nature of biliary disease independently predicted continuing pain after surgery, which in turn was the best predictor for higher resource utilization after cholecystectomy. Conclusions A large percentage of children with BD did not meet the adult diagnostic standards. Compared to those with LITH, children with BD have more widespread symptoms and continue to use more clinical resources after surgery. These findings suggest that despite its benign prognosis, BD is increasingly treated like other potentially acute gallbladder diseases, although it has the typical phenotype of FGIDs and should be treated using approaches used in such disorders. PMID:24715545

  12. Impairment of colour contrast sensitivity and neuroretinal dysfunction in patients with symptomatic HIV infection or AIDS.

    PubMed

    Geier, S A; Kronawitter, U; Bogner, J R; Hammel, G; Berninger, T; Klauss, V; Goebel, F D

    1993-11-01

    Ophthalmic and neurological complications are frequent findings in patients with AIDS. Little is known about neuroretinal dysfunction in patients with HIV infection. The purpose of this study was to measure and evaluate colour vision in patients with HIV infection or AIDS. Colour contrast sensitivity tests were performed on 75 patients (150 eyes) in different stages of HIV infection. A highly sensitive computer graphics system was used to measure tritan, deutan, and protan colour contrast thresholds. Patients were classified into three clinical groups: (a) asymptomatic HIV infection, (b) lymphadenopathy syndrome or AIDS-related complex, and (c) AIDS. Overall, tritan (p < 0.0001), deutan (p = 0.003), and protan (p = 0.009) colour contrast sensitivities were significantly impaired in patients with HIV infection compared with normal controls. Colour thresholds in patients with asymptomatic HIV infection (mean tritan threshold: 4.33; deutan: 4.41; protan: 3.97) were not impaired compared with normal controls. Colour vision was slightly impaired in patients with lymphadenopathy syndrome or AIDS-related complex (tritan: 6.25 (p < 0.0001); deutan: 4.99 (p = 0.02); protan: 4.45 (p = 0.05)). In patients with AIDS the impairment was even more marked (tritan: 7.66 (p < 0.0001); deutan: 5.15 (p < 0.0009); protan: 4.63 (p = 0.004)). Analysis of covariance controlling for age demonstrated a close association between impairment of tritan colour contrast sensitivity and progression of HIV disease (p < 0.0001). Following Köllner's rule, our study suggests that neuroretinal dysfunction occurs in patients with symptomatic HIV infection or AIDS. This is emphasised by the finding that the relative impairment in tritan vision compared with deutan/protan vision might reflect the difference in the number of cones or receptive fields. Measurement of tritan colour contrast sensitivity appears to be an appropriate and easily applicable method to detect early neuroretinal dysfunction in patients with HIV disease. PMID:8280686

  13. Radioembolization of Symptomatic, Unresectable Neuroendocrine Hepatic Metastases Using Yttrium-90 Microspheres

    SciTech Connect

    Paprottka, Philipp M., E-mail: philipp.paprottka@med.uni-muenchen.de; Hoffmann, Ralf-T. [Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology (Germany); Haug, Alexander [Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Department of Nuclear Medicine (Germany); Sommer, Wieland H.; Raessler, Franziska; Trumm, Christoph G.; Schmidt, Gerwin P.; Ashoori, Nima; Reiser, Maximilian F.; Jakobs, Tobias F. [Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology (Germany)

    2012-04-15

    Purpose: To evaluate safety, efficacy, and symptom-control of radioembolization in patients with unresectable liver metastases from neuroendocrine tumors (NETLMs). Materials and Methods: Forty-two patients (mean age of 62 years) with treatment-refractory NETLMs underwent radioembolization using yttrium-90 ({sup 90}Y) resin microspheres. Posttreatment tumor response was assessed by cross-sectional imaging using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and tumor-marker levels. Laboratory and clinical toxicities and clinical symptoms were monitored. Results: The median activity delivered was 1.63 GBq (range 0.63-2.36). Imaging follow-up using RECIST at 3-month follow-up demonstrated partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease in 22.5, 75.0, and 2.5% of patients, respectively. In 97.5% of patients, the liver lesions appeared hypovascular or partially necrotic. The mean follow-up was 16.2 months with 40 patients (95.2%) remaining alive. The median decrease in tumor-marker levels at 3 months was 54.8% (chromogranin A) and 37.3% (serotonin), respectively. There were no acute or delayed toxicities greater than grade 2 according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE (v3.0)]. No radiation-induced liver disease was noted. Improvement of clinical symptoms 3 months after treatment was observed in 36 of 38 symptomatic patients. Conclusion: Radioembolization with {sup 90}Y-microspheres is a safe and effective treatment option in patients with otherwise treatment-refractory NETLMs. Antitumoral effect is supported by good local tumor control, decreased tumor-marker levels, and improved clinical symptoms. Further investigation is warranted to define the role of radioembolization in the treatment paradigm for NETLMs.

  14. Sites of symptomatic gas retention during intestinal lipid perfusion in healthy subjects

    PubMed Central

    Hernando-Harder, A C; Serra, J; Azpiroz, F; Malagelada, J-R

    2004-01-01

    Background: Gas pooling within the gut may produce abdominal symptoms but the segment of the intestine responsible for gas retention is unknown. Our aim was to determine the role of the proximal and distal bowel in symptomatic gas accumulation using an experimental model of gas retention triggered by intraluminal lipids. Subjects: Sixteen healthy subjects. Methods: A gas mixture (N2, O2, and CO2 in venous proportions) was infused into the intestine at12 ml/min for three hours and gas evacuation was continuously measured via an anal cannula connected to a barostat. Abdominal perception and girth changes were measured at 10 minute intervals. Lipids (1 kcal/min) were simultaneously perfused either into the duodenum (n?=?8) or into the ileum (n?=?8). Each subject was studied twice on separate days, with gas infused into the jejunum or ileum. Results: Duodenal lipids produced retention of gas infused into the jejunum (646 (62) ml) but the volume retained was much smaller when gas was infused directly into the ileum (262 (90) ml; p<0.05). The effects on gas retention were even more pronounced during ileal perfusion of lipids (1546 (184) ml during jejunal gas infusion and 847 (142) ml during ileal gas infusion; p<0.05). Abdominal distension correlated with the volume of gas retained (r?=?0.87; p<0.001). Healthy subjects tolerated gas retention, and significant symptoms (score 3.7 (0.8)) developed only during jejunal gas infusion plus ileal lipid perfusion when gas retention was very large. Conclusion: Intraluminal lipids induce intestinal gas retention, predominantly acting on the proximal small bowel. PMID:15082583

  15. Incident symptomatic hip osteoarthritis is associated with differences in hip shape by active shape modeling

    PubMed Central

    Nelson, Amanda E.; Liu, Felix; Lynch, John A.; Renner, Jordan B.; Schwartz, Todd A.; Lane, Nancy E.; Jordan, Joanne M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate hip shape by active shape modeling (ASM) as a potential predictor of incident radiographic and symptomatic hip OA (rHOA and srHOA). Methods All hips developing rHOA from baseline (Kellgren-Lawrence [KL] grade 0/1) to mean 6 year follow up (KL ?2, 190 hips), and 1:1 control hips (KLG 0/1 at both times, 192 hips) were included. Proximal femur shape was defined on baseline AP pelvis radiographs and submitted to ASM, producing a mean shape and continuous variables representing independent modes of shape variation. Mode scores (n=14, explaining 95% of shape variance) were simultaneously included in logistic regression models, with incident rHOA and srHOA as dependent variables, adjusted for intra-person correlations, sex, race, body mass index (BMI), baseline KL and/or symptoms. Results We evaluated 382 hips from 342 individuals: 61% women, 83% white, with mean age 62 years and BMI 29 kg/m2. Several modes differed by sex and race, but no modes were associated with incident rHOA overall. Among men only, modes 1 and 2 were significantly associated (for a 1-SD decrease in mode 1 score, OR 1.7 [95% CI 1.1, 2.5], and for a 1-SD increase in mode 2 score, OR 1.5 [95% CI 1.0, 2.2]) with incident rHOA. A 1-SD decrease in mode 2 or 3 score increased the odds of srHOA by 50%. Conclusion This study confirms other reports that variations in proximal femur shape have a modest association with incident hip OA. The observation of proximal femur shape associations with hip symptoms requires further investigation. PMID:23926053

  16. Palliative Portal Vein Stent Placement in Malignant and Symptomatic Extrinsic Portal Vein Stenosis or Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Novellas, Sebastien [Hopital Archet, Department of Radiology and Interventional Radiology (France); Denys, Alban, E-mail: Alban.Denys@chuv.ch; Bize, Pierre, E-mail: pierrebize@bluewin.c [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Department of Radiology and Interventional Radiology (Switzerland); Brunner, Philippe; Motamedi, Jean Paul [Hopital Archet, Department of Radiology and Interventional Radiology (France); Gugenheim, Jean [Hopital Archet, Department of Surgery (France); Caroli, Francois-Xavier [Hopital Archet, Department of Medical Oncology (France); Chevallier, Patrick [Hopital Archet, Department of Radiology and Interventional Radiology (France)

    2009-05-15

    This article evaluates the results of portal vein (PV) stent placement in patients with malignant extrinsic lesions stenosing or obstructing the PV and causing symptomatic PV hypertension (PVHT). Fourteen patients with bile duct cancer (n = 7), pancreatic adenocarcinoma (n = 4), or another cancer (n = 3) underwent percutaneous transhepatic portal venous stent placement because of gastroesophageal or jejunal varices (n = 9), ascites (n = 7), and/or thrombocytopenia (n = 2). Concurrent tumoral obstruction of the main bile duct was treated via the transhepatic route in the same session in four patients. Changes in portal venous pressure, complications, stent patency, and survival were evaluated. Mean {+-} standard deviation (SD) gradient of portal venous pressure decreased significantly immediately after stent placement from 11.2 mmHg {+-} 4.6 to 1.1 mmHg {+-} 1.0 (P < 0.00001). Three patients had minor complications, and one developed a liver abscess. During a mean {+-} SD follow-up of 134.4 {+-} 123.3 days, portal stents remained patent in 11 patients (78.6%); stent occlusion occurred in 3 patients, 2 of whom had undergone previous major hepatectomy. After stent placement, PVHT symptoms were relieved in four (57.1%) of seven patients who died (mean survival, 97 {+-} 71.2 days), and relieved in six (85.7%) of seven patients still alive at the end of follow-up (mean follow-up, 171.7 {+-} 153.5 days). Stent placement in the PV is feasible and relatively safe. It helped to relieve PVHT symptoms in a single session.

  17. Angiographic Features, Collaterals, and Infarct Topography of Symptomatic Occlusive Radiation Vasculopathy

    PubMed Central

    Zou, Winnie X.Y.; Leung, Thomas W.; Yu, Simon C.H.; Wong, Edward H.C.; Leung, S.F.; Soo, Yannie O.Y.; Ip, Vincent H.L.; Chan, Anne Y.Y.; Lam, Wynnie W.M.; Siu, Deyond Y.W.; Abrigo, Jill; Lee, Kwok Tung; Liebeskind, David S.; Wong, Ka Sing

    2014-01-01

    Background and Purpose Occlusive radiation vasculopathy (ORV) predisposes head-and-neck cancer survivors to ischemic strokes. Methods We analyzed the digital subtraction angiography acquired in 96 patients who had first-ever transient ischemic attack or ischemic strokes attributed to ORV. Another age-matched 115 patients who had no radiotherapy but symptomatic high-grade (>70%) carotid stenoses were enrolled as referent subjects. Digital subtraction angiography was performed within 2 months from stroke onset and delineated carotid and vertebrobasilar circulations from aortic arch up to intracranial branches. Two reviewers blinded to group assignment recorded all vascular lesions, collateral status, and infarct pattern. Results ORV patients had less atherosclerotic risk factors at presentation. In referent patients, high-grade stenoses were mostly focal at the proximal internal carotid artery. In contrast, high-grade ORV lesions diffusely involved the common carotid artery and internal carotid artery and were more frequently bilateral (54% versus 22%), tandem (23% versus 10%), associated with complete occlusion in one or both carotid arteries (30% versus 9%), vertebral artery (VA) steno-occlusions (28% versus 16%), and external carotid artery stenosis (19% versus 5%) (all P<0.05). With comparable rates of vascular anomaly, ORV patients showed more established collateral circulations through leptomeningeal arteries, anterior communicating artery, posterior communicating artery, suboccipital/costocervical artery, and retrograde flow in ophthalmic artery. In terms of infarct topography, the frequencies of cortical or subcortical watershed infarcts were similar in both groups. Conclusions ORV angiographic features and corresponding collaterals are distinct from atherosclerotic patterns at initial stroke presentation. Clinical decompensation, despite more extensive collateralization, may precipitate stroke in ORV. PMID:23306321

  18. Blood urokinase plasminogen activator system in chronic urticaria.

    PubMed

    Kasperska-Zajac, Alicja; Brzoza, Zenon; Rogala, Barbara

    2007-01-01

    The evidence gathered has pointed to the fibrinolytic system, which apart from its major role in hemostasis may also be involved in inflammatory and immune processes. To understand better the role of fibrinolysis in urticaria, we measured plasma levels of the urokinase system associated molecules such as urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), its soluble receptor (suPAR; CD87) and an inhibitor, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) activity in chronic urticaria (CU) patients. Plasma was obtained from symptomatic sixteen CU patients (12 females and 4 males) showing positive response to autologous serum skin test (ASST), 28 CU patients with negative ASST (20 females and 8 males) as well as from healthy subjects matched by sex and age. The plasma level of uPA and suPAR antigens, PAI-1 activity did not differ significantly among the three subjects groups. The data obtained suggest that CU patients showing positive response to ASST have plasma profile of the urokinase system-associated proteins, which is not markedly different as compared with CU patients with negative ASST as well as healthy subjects. Our findings have also confirmed the earlier studies, suggesting that systemic fibrinolysis may not be involved in chronic urticaria. PMID:17102952

  19. Infrequent Hemorrhagic Complications Following Surgical Drainage of Chronic Subdural Hematomas

    PubMed Central

    Sangiorgi, Simone; Bifone, Lidia; Balbi, Sergio

    2015-01-01

    Chronic subdural hematomas mainly occur amongst elderly people and usually develop after minor head injuries. In younger patients, subdural collections may be related to hypertension, coagulopathies, vascular abnormalities, and substance abuse. Different techniques can be used for the surgical treatment of symptomatic chronic subdural hematomas : single or double burr-hole evacuation, with or without subdural drainage, twist-drill craniostomies and classical craniotomies. Failure of the brain to re-expand, pneumocephalus, incomplete evacuation, and recurrence of the fluid collection are common complications following these procedures. Acute subdural hematomas may also occur. Rarely reported hemorrhagic complications include subarachnoid, intracerebral, intraventricular, and remote cerebellar hemorrhages. The causes of such uncommon complications are difficult to explain and remain poorly understood. Overdrainage and intracranial hypotension, rapid brain decompression and shift of the intracranial contents, cerebrospinal fluid loss, vascular dysregulation and impairment of venous outflow are the main mechanisms discussed in the literature. In this article we report three cases of different post-operative intracranial bleeding and review the related literature.

  20. Comparative efficacy of indacaterol in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

    PubMed

    Ribeiro, Marcos; Chapman, Kenneth R

    2012-01-01

    Long-acting bronchodilators have been shown to improve multiple clinical outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) including lung function, symptoms, dyspnea, quality of life, and exacerbations. Indacaterol is a novel, inhaled, long-acting ?2-agonist providing 24-hour bronchodilation with once-daily dosing. It is currently approved for the maintenance treatment of COPD to be administered as 150 or 300 ?g once-daily doses as licensed in many countries and 75 ?g as licensed in the US by means of a single-dose dry powder inhaler. The data from clinical development support a favorable safety and tolerability profile within the ?2-agonist drug class, with no relevant issues identified. Current evidence indicates that indacaterol is suitable for use as first-line monotherapy in COPD patients with moderate disease (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease [GOLD] stage II) and beyond that do not require an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) as per GOLD guidelines, or in combination with an ICS in severe or very severe patients with repeated exacerbations. Data from trials with the novel once-daily ?2-agonist, indacaterol, indicate superior bronchodilation and clinical efficacy over twice-daily long-acting ?2-agonists and at least equipotent bronchodilation as once-daily tiotropium. Bronchodilators are central in the symptomatic management of COPD. It is likely that once-daily dosing of a bronchodilator would be a significant convenience and probably a compliance-enhancing advantage, leading to improved overall clinical outcomes in patients with COPD. PMID:22419862