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1

A sign of symptomatic chronic cholecystitis on biliary scintigraphy  

SciTech Connect

Five hundred patients with acute right-upper-quadrant pain underwent biliary scintigraphy with /sup 99m/Tc paraisopropyliminodiacetic acid. One hundred and thirty-four studies were reported normal (both gallbladder and activity in bowel are noted in 1 hr). Of the 134 studies reported as normal, 32 showed intestinal activity before gallbladder visualization during the first hour of the study. Sonography and/or oral cholecystography revealed that 24 patients had gallstones, and eight patients had no demonstrable pathology in the biliary system. Of the 134 studies, 102 showed visualization of the gallbladder before intestinal activity during the first hour of the study. Sonography and/or oral cholecystography showed that 73 patients had normal biliary system. The remaining 29 patients had gallstones. The overall sensitivity of this finding is 45%, the specificity is 90%, and the accuracy is 73%. In this group of symptomatic patients, the appearance of intestinal activity before gallbladder activity on biliary scintigraphy warrants further evaluation of these patients by sonography and/or oral cholecystography.

Al-Sheikh, W.; Hourani, M.; Barkin, J.S.; Clarke, L.P.; Ashkar, F.S.; Serafini, A.N.

1983-02-01

2

Cholecystokinin cholecystography, sonography, and scintigraphy: detection of chronic acalculous cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Because the efficacy of cholecystokinin cholecystography in the detection of chronic acalculous cholecystitis remains in doubt, the procedure is rarely used in clinical practice. However, the ability to observe gallbladder contraction with sonography and /sup 99m/Tc-para-isopropylacetanilido-iminodiacetic acid cholescintigraphy (PIPIDA) offers a possibility to improve the sensitivity of the test. To determine if the degree of gallbladder contraction after cholecystokinin is the same as measured by the three techniques and if it differs in symptomatic patients compared to the normal population, cholecystokinin cholecystography, cholecystokinin sonography, and cholecystokinin PIPIDA were performed in 10 symptomatic patients and 10 normal volunteers. The mean maximum contraction of the gallbladder during the three studies was 63%, 61%, and 68%, respectively, for the volunteers, and 72%, 63%, and 73%, respectively, for the patients. The mean maximum gallbladder contraction during all three procedures was 64% +/- 26% SD in the volunteers and 74% +/- 17% SD in the patients. The differences were not statistically significant. Although there was good correlation in the degree of maximum gallbladder contraction among cholecystokinin cholecystography, cholecystokinin sonography, and cholecystokinin PIPIDA, marked variation in both the volunteers and the patients makes it unlikely that the degree of contraction as observed by any of these techniques can be used to indicate the presence of chronic acalculous cholecystitis.

Davis, G.B.; Berk, R.N.; Scheible, F.W.; Witztum, K.F.; Gilmore, I.T.; Strong, R.M.; Hofmann, A.F.

1982-12-01

3

Cholecystokinin cholecystography, sonography, and scintigraphy: detection of chronic acalculous cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Because the efficacy of cholecystokinin cholecystography in the detection of chronic acalculous cholecystitis remains in doubt, the procedure is rarely used in clinical practice. However, the ability to observe gallbladder contraction with sonography and /sup 99m/Tc-para-isopropylacetanilido-iminodiacetic acid cholescintigraphy (PIPIDA) offers a possibility to improve the sensitivity of the test. To determine if the degree of gallbladder contraction after cholecystokinin is the same as measured by the three techniques and if it differs in symptomatic patients compared to the normal population, cholecystokinin cholecystography, cholecystokinin sonography, and cholecystokinin PIPIDA were performed in 10 symptomatic patients and 10 normal volunteers. The mean maximum contraction of the gallbladder during the three studies was 63%, 61%, and 68%, respectively, for the volunteers, and 72%, 63%, and 73%, respectively, for the patients. The mean maximum gallbladder contraction during all three procedues was 64% +/- 26% SD in the volunteers and 74% +/- 17% SD in the patients. The differences were not statistically significant. Although there was good correlation in the degree of maximum gallbladder contraction among cholecystokinin PIPIDA, marked variation in both the volunteers and the patients makes it unlikely that the degree of contraction as observed by any of these techniques can be used to indicate the presence of chronic acalculous cholecystitis.

Davis, G.B. (Univ. of California School of Medicine, San Diego); Berk, R.N.; Sheible, F.W.; Witztum, K.F.; Gilmore, I.T.; Strong, R.M.; Hofmann, A.F.

1982-12-01

4

Fatty meal ultrasonography in chronic acalculous cholecystitis  

PubMed Central

Chronic acalculous cholecystits typically presents with biliary symptoms, normal blood tests and unremarkable ultrasound, computerized tomography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. However, cholescintigraphy may show reduced gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF). There are no reports on using ultrasound to measure GBEF in adults. Twenty-eight patients with the above presentation underwent ultrasound before and after ingestion of a standardized fatty meal. Consequently, GBEF was calculated. Seven patients had reduced GBEFs (<38%). Two of these patients underwent cholecystectomy and both were found to have chronic gallbladder inflammation. Three patients with normal GBEFs underwent cholecystectomy and were also found to have chronic gallbladder inflammation. There may be a role for fatty meal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of chronic acalculous cholecystitis, but it should be used more widely in this patient cohort for its role to be established. It ideally needs to performed alongside cholescintigraphy for the comparison of accuracy. PMID:25409675

Donen, Anna; Kantor, Robin

2014-01-01

5

Focal Thickening at the Fundus of the Gallbladder: Computed Tomography Differentiation of Fundal Type Adenomyomatosis and Localized Chronic Cholecystitis  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims The objective of our study was to identify useful computed tomography (CT) findings for differentiating fundal type adenomyomatosis from localized chronic cholecystitis involving the fundus of the gallbladder. Methods We retrospectively identified cases of 41 patients with pathologically proven adenomyomatosis (n=21) or chronic cholecystitis (n=20) who had fundal thickening of the gallbladder on preoperative abdominal CT. Analysis of the CT findings included evaluation of the thickness, contour, border, intralesional cystic area, adjacent gallbladder wall thickening, presence of inner layer enhancement, enhancement grade, enhancement pattern, and presence of stones. Statistical analyses were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher exact test. Results Oval contour, inner layer enhancement and intralesional cystic area were more frequently noted in adenomyomatosis than in chronic cholecystitis (p<0.05 for each finding). Flat contour and adjacent gallbladder wall thickening were more frequently observed in chronic cholecystitis than in adenomyomatosis. No differences between adenomyomatosis and chronic cholecystitis in terms of the thickness, enhancement grade, enhancement pattern and presence of stones were apparent. Conclusions CT may help to differentiate fundal type adenomyomatosis from localized chronic cholecystitis involving the fundus of the gallbladder. PMID:24672665

Kim, Bo Sung; Nam, Kyung Jin; Cho, Jin Han; Kwon, Hee Jin; Yoon, Seong Kuk; Jeong, Jin Sook; Noh, Myung Hwan

2014-01-01

6

Percutaneous Cholecystostomy as a First-Line Therapy in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients with Acute Cholecystitis with Midterm Follow-up  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of this article was to share midterm results of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) as a first-line therapy in chronic hemodialysis patients with acute cholecystitis. Methods: Fourteen chronic hemodialysis patients with acute cholecystitis underwent PC between March 2007 and May 2009 at our institute. On preoperative assessment, the patients were classified into the ASA score by the anesthesiology team. All patients were class IV because of severe underlying comorbidities. The patients were referred to interventional radiology unit for PC by consensus of the multidisciplinary team. Results: The PC was technically successful in all the patients without minor or major complications related to the procedure. Clinical symptoms in three patients who presented with sepsis and multiorgan failure did not resolve after PC, and these patients died following urgent surgery, including open cholecystectomy and common bile duct exploration. A new cholecystitis attack was detected in one patient in the acalculous group at the sixth month of the follow-up period. The mean catheterization time was 31.7 (range, 28-41) days. The mean follow-up time was 13.3 (range 4-21) months. Conclusions: The PC may come into consideration as a first-line treatment modality in the management of acute cholecystitis in poor surgical candidate chronic hemodialysis patients. This is the first report focusing on the midterm results of PC as a first-line therapy in hemodialysis patients with acute cholecystitis who could be operated on.

Gumus, Burcak, E-mail: burcakgumus73@yahoo.com [Baskent University Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (Turkey)

2011-04-15

7

Acute cholecystitis  

MedlinePLUS

Cholecystitis - acute ... uses to digest fats in the small intestine. Acute cholecystitis occurs when bile becomes trapped in the ... Siddiqui T. Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. ...

8

A study on relationship of nitric oxide, oxidation, peroxidation, lipoperoxidation with chronic chole-cystitis.  

PubMed

AIM:To study relationship of injury induced by nitric oxide, oxidation, peroxidation,lipoperoxidation with chronic cholecystitis.METHODS:The values of plasma nitric oxide (P-NO), plasma vitamin C (P-VC), plasma vitamin E (P-VE), plasma beta-carotene (P-beta-CAR), plasma lipoperoxides (P-LPO), erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (E-SOD), erythrocyte catalase (E-CAT), erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase (E-GSH-Px) activities and erythrocyte lipoperoxides (E-LPO) level in 77 patients with chronic cholecystitis and 80 healthy control subjects were determined, differences of the above average values between the patient group and the control group and differences of the average values between preoperative and postoperative patients were analyzed and compared, linear regression and correlation of the disease course with the above determination values as well as the stepwise regression and correlation of the course with the values were analyzed.RESULTS:Compared with the control group, the average values of P-NO, P-LPO, E-LPO were significantly increased (P<0.01), and of P-VC, P-VE, P-beta-CAR, E-SOD, E-CAT and E-GSH-Px decreased (P <0.01) in the patient group. The analysis of the linear regression and correlation showed that with prolonging of the course, the values of P-NO, P-LPO and E-LPO in the patients were gradually ascended and the values of P-VC,P-VE, P-beta-CAR, E-SOD, E-CAT and E-GSH-Px descended (P<0.01). The analysis of the stepwise regression and correlation indicated that the correlation of the course with P-NO, P-VE and P-beta-CAR values was the closest. Compared with the preoperative patients, the average values of P-NO, P-LPO and E-LPO were significantly decreased (P <0.01) and the average values of P-VC, E-SOD, E-CAT and E-GSH-Px in postoperative patients increased (P <0.01) in postoperative patients. But there was no significant difference in the average values of P-VE, P-beta-CAR preoperative and postoperative patients.CONCLUSION:Chronic cholecystitis could induce the increase of nitric oxide, oxidation, peroxidation and lipoperoxidation. PMID:11819637

Zhou, Jun-Fu; Cai, Dong; Zhu, You-Gen; Yang, Jin-Lu; Peng, Cheng-Hong; Yu, Yang-Hai

2000-08-01

9

A Comparative Study of Clinicopathological Features between Chronic Cholecystitis Patients with and without Helicobacter pylori Infection in Gallbladder Mucosa  

PubMed Central

Background Helicobacter pylori has been isolated from 10%–20% of human chronic cholecystitis specimens but the characteristics of “Helicobacter pylori positive cholecystitis” remains unclear. This study aims to compare the clinicopathological features between chronic cholecystitis patients with and without Helicobacter pylori infection in gallbladder mucosa. Methods Three hundred and twenty-six chronic cholecystitis patients were divided into two groups according to whether Helicobacter pylori could be detected by culture, staining or PCR for Helicobacter 16s rRNA gene in gallbladder mucosa. Positive samples were sequenced for Helicobacter pylori-specific identification. Clinical parameters as well as pathological characteristics including some premalignant lesions and the expression levels of iNOS and ROS in gallbladder were compared between the two groups. Results Helicobacter pylori infection in gallbladder mucosa was detected in 20.55% of cholecystitis patients. These patients had a higher prevalence of acid regurgitation symptoms (p?=?0.001), more histories of chronic gastritis (p?=?0.005), gastric ulcer (p?=?0.042), duodenal ulcer (p?=?0.026) and higher presence of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach as compared to patients without Helicobacter pylori infection in the gallbladder mucosa. Helicobacter pylori 16s rRNA in gallbladder and gastric-duodenal mucosa from the same individual patient had identical sequences. Also, higher incidences of adenomyomatosis (p?=?0.012), metaplasia (p?=?0.022) and higher enhanced expressions of iNOS and ROS were detected in Helicobacter pylori infected gallbladder mucosa (p<0.05). Conclusions Helicobacter pylori infection in gallbladder mucosa is strongly associated with Helicobacter pylori existed in stomach. Helicobacter pylori is also correlated with gallbladder premalignant lesions including metaplasia and adenomyomatosis. The potential mechanism might be related with higher ROS/RNS production but needs further investigation. PMID:23936177

Wang, Jian-dong; Zhang, Yong; Gong, Wei; Quan, Zhi-wei

2013-01-01

10

Acute gangrenous cholecystitis: radionuclide diagnosis  

SciTech Connect

Radionuclide hepatobiliary imaging with Tc-99m IDA is a useful procedure for the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. Visualization of the gallbladder essentially rules out acute cholecystitis. Nonvisualization suggest acute cholecystitis but may also be associated with chronic gallbladder disease or other conditions. The authors recently observed five patients in whom a rim of increased parenchymal liver activity was seen adjacent to the gallbladder fossa. All five patients had acute gangrenous cholecystitis. The rim of increased activity appears to be a useful secondary sign of acute cholecystitis.

Brachman, M.B.; Tanasescu, D.E.; Ramanna, L.; Waxman, A.D.

1984-04-01

11

Symptomatic chronic long head of biceps rupture: Surgical results  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Chronic rupture of the long head of biceps (LHB) tendon is usually asymptomatic. However, some active patients suffer with long-term cramping pain associated with repetitive biceps use. The aim of this study is to review the outcomes of biceps tenodesis performed for chronic LHB ruptures. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 11 consecutive patients who underwent biceps tenodesis for symptomatic chronic LHB ruptures over a 4-year period. Results: There were 10 men and one woman with an average age at surgery of 41 years (range 23-65). The mean follow-up was 29 months (range 6-60). In five cases a tendon was still identifiable and suitable for repair with an ‘in-bone’ interference screw. However, in six cases the tendon was not possible to tenodese with an interference screw. In these cases we used an ‘on-bone’ technique with suture anchors. All, except one, patients reported improvement in their arm pain (78%), strength (74%) and appearance. All, except one, were glad to have had the surgery. Conclusions: Symptomatic chronic LHB ruptures improve with a biceps tenodesis procedure. Due to the chronicity of the injury and possible degeneration of the tendon, a suitable tendon for ‘in-bone’ tenodesis may not be possible. In these cases an ‘on-bone’ footprint repair with suture anchors achieves good results. Level of Evidence: IV (retrospective case series). PMID:23493581

Ng, Chye Yew; Funk, Lennard

2012-01-01

12

Endovascular Recanalization for Chronic Symptomatic Intracranial Vertebral Artery Total Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Purpose. The outcome of recanalization in patients with chronic symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery (ICVA) total occlusion is poor. This paper reports the technical feasibility and long-term outcome of ICVA stenting in patients with chronic symptomatic total occlusion. Methods. Retrospective review of our prospectively maintained intracranial intervention database to identify patients with symptomatic total occlusion of ICVA with revascularization attempted >1 month after index ischemic event. Results. Eight patients (mean age 58 years) were identified. One had stroke and 7 had recurrent transient ischemic attacks. Four had bilateral ICVA total occlusion and 4 had unilateral ICVA total occlusion with severe stenosis contralaterally. Seven of 8 patients underwent endovascular recanalization, which was achieved in 6. Periprocedural complications included cerebellum hemorrhage, arterial dissection, perforation, and subacute in-stent thrombosis which occurred in 3 patients. One patient died of cerebellum hemorrhage. The other patients improved clinically after endovascular therapy. Conclusions. Stent-supported recanalization of ICVA total occlusion is technically feasible, and may become a viable treatment option in selected patients.

Xu, Ziqi; Ma, Ning; Mo, Dapeng; Wong, Edward Ho chung; Gao, Feng; Jiao, Liqun; Miao, Zhongrong

2014-01-01

13

Development of a duodenal gallstone ileus with gastric outlet obstruction (Bouveret syndrome) four months after successful treatment of symptomatic gallstone disease with cholecystitis and cholangitis: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Cases of gallstone ileus account for 1% to 4% of all instances of mechanical bowel obstruction. The majority of obstructing gallstones are located in the terminal ileum. Less than 10% of impacted gallstones are located in the duodenum. A gastric outlet obstruction secondary to a gallstone ileus is known as Bouveret syndrome. Gallstones usually enter the bowel through a biliary enteral fistula. Little is known about the formation of such fistulae in the course of gallstone disease. Case presentation We report the case of a 72-year-old Caucasian woman born in Germany with a gastric outlet obstruction due to a gallstone ileus (Bouveret syndrome), with a large gallstone impacted in the third part of the duodenum. Diagnostic investigations of our patient included plain abdominal films, gastroscopy and abdominal computed tomography, which showed a biliary enteric fistula between the gallbladder and the duodenal bulb. Our patient was successfully treated by laparotomy, duodenotomy, extraction of the stone, cholecystectomy, and resection of the fistula in a one-stage surgical approach. Histopathological examination showed chronic and acute cholecystitis, with perforated ulceration of the duodenal wall and acute purulent inflammation of the surrounding fatty tissue. Four months prior to developing a gallstone ileus our patient had been hospitalized for cholecystitis, a large gallstone in the gallbladder, cholangitis and a small obstructing gallstone in the common biliary duct. She had been treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy, balloon extraction of the common biliary duct gallstone, and intravenous antibiotics. At the time of her first presentation, abdominal ultrasound and endoscopic examination (including esophagogastroduodenoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) had not shown any evidence of a biliary enteral fistula. In the four months preceding the gallstone ileus our patient had been asymptomatic. Conclusion In patients known to have gallstone disease presenting with symptoms of ileus, the differential diagnosis of a gallstone ileus should be considered even in the absence of preceding symptoms related to the gallbladder disease. Gallstones large enough to cause intestinal obstruction usually enter the bowel by a biliary enteral fistula. During the formation of such a fistula, patients can be asymptomatic. PMID:21092262

2010-01-01

14

Chronic acalculous gallbladder disease: multiimaging evaluation with clinical-pathologic correlation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the recent advances in hepatobiliary imaging, the diagnosis of chronic acalculous gallbladder disease remains difficult. A retrospective study was undertaken to assess the value of a multiimaging approach in detecting chronic acalculous gallbladder disease and in predicting which patients would obtain symptomatic relief after cholecystectomy. Of 199 patients with chronic cholecystitis, 26 (13%) had no gallstones. Of these 26,

Vassilios Raptopoulos; Carolyn C. Compton; Paul Doherty; Edward H. Smith; Carl J. DOrsi; Nilima A. Patwardhan; Robert J. Goldberg

1986-01-01

15

Passive tobacco exposure may impair symptomatic improvement in patients with chronic angina undergoing enhanced external counterpulsation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of tobacco abuse on cardiovascular outcomes are well-known. However, the impact of passive smoke exposure on angina status and therapeutic response is less well-established. We examined the impact of second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure on symptomatic improvement in patients with chronic ischemic coronary disease undergoing enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP). METHODS: This observational study included 1,026 non-smokers (108

Stilianos Efstratiadis; Elizabeth D Kennard; Sheryl F Kelsey; Andrew D Michaels

2008-01-01

16

Surgical treatment of patients with acute cholecystitis: Tokyo Guidelines.  

PubMed

Cholecystectomy has been widely performed in the treatment of acute cholecystitis, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been increasingly adopted as the method of surgery over the past 15 years. Despite the success of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as an elective treatment for symptomatic gallstones, acute cholecystitis was initially considered a contraindication for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The reasons for it being considered a contraindication were the technical difficulty of performing it in acute cholecystitis and the development of complications, including bile duct injury, bowel injury, and hepatic injury. However, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now accepted as being safe for acute cholecystitis, when surgeons who are expert at the laparoscopic technique perform it. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been found to be superior to open cholecystectomy as a treatment for acute cholecystitis because of a lower incidence of complications, shorter length of postoperative hospital stay, quicker recuperation, and earlier return to work. However, laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis has not become routine, because the timing and approach to the surgical management in patients with acute cholecystitis is still a matter of controversy. These Guidelines describe the timing of and the optimal surgical treatment of acute cholecystitis in a question-and-answer format. PMID:17252302

Yamashita, Yuichi; Takada, Tadahiro; Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Nimura, Yuji; Hirota, Masahiko; Miura, Fumihiko; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Masahiro; Strasberg, Steven; Pitt, Henry A; de Santibanes, Eduardo; Belghiti, Jacques; Büchler, Markus W; Gouma, Dirk J; Fan, Sheung-Tat; Hilvano, Serafin C; Lau, Joseph W Y; Kim, Sun-Whe; Belli, Giulio; Windsor, John A; Liau, Kui-Hin; Sachakul, Vibul

2007-01-01

17

Hepatobiliary scanning with /sup 99//sup m/Tc-PIPIDA in acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Ninety-five patients with clinically suspected acute cholecystitis underwent hepatobiliary scanning with /sup 99//sup m/Tc-PIPIDA. A positive scan (nonvisualization of the gallbladder with visualization of the common bile duct and gut) was found in 29 patients; 25 of them (86%) had surgically proven acute cholecystitis and 4(14%) had chronic cholecystitis. Five of the 25 with acute cholecystitis had acalculous disease. A negative examination (gallbladder visualization) occurred in 63 patients; 18 (29%) had chronic cholecystitis and 45 (71%) were subsequently found to have nonbiliary disease. Three indeterminate studies (nonvisualization of both the gallbladder and gut) were obtained in patients with choledocholithiasis and chronic cholecystitis. In the evaluation of acute cholecystitis, the /sup 99//sup m/Tc-PIPIDA hepatobiliary scan was 100% sensitive and 94% specific.

Mauro, M.A.; McCartney, W.H.; Melmed, J.R.

1982-01-01

18

Hepatobiliary scanning with 99mTc-PIPIDA in acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Ninety-five patients with clinically suspected acute cholecystitis underwent hepatobiliary scanning with 99mTc-PIPIDA. A positive scan (nonvisualization of the gallbladder with visualization of the common bile duct and gut) was found in 29 patients; 25 of them (86%) had surgically proven acute cholecystitis and 4 (14%) had chronic cholecystitis. Five of the 25 with acute cholecystitis had acalculous disease. A negative examination (gallbladder visualization) occurred in 63 patients; 18 (29%) had chronic cholecystitis and 45 (71%) were subsequently found to have nonbiliary disease. Three indeterminate studies (nonvisualization of both the gallbladder and gut) were obtained in patients with choledocholithiasis and chronic cholecystitis. In the evaluation of acute cholecystitis, the 99mTc-PIPIDA hepatobiliary scan was 100% sensitive and 94% specific.

Mauro, M.A.; McCartney, W.H.; Melmed, J.R.

1982-01-01

19

Passive tobacco exposure may impair symptomatic improvement in patients with chronic angina undergoing enhanced external counterpulsation  

PubMed Central

Background The adverse effects of tobacco abuse on cardiovascular outcomes are well-known. However, the impact of passive smoke exposure on angina status and therapeutic response is less well-established. We examined the impact of second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure on symptomatic improvement in patients with chronic ischemic coronary disease undergoing enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP). Methods This observational study included 1,026 non-smokers (108 exposed and 918 not-exposed to SHS) from the Second International EECP Patient Registry. We also assessed angina response in 363 current smokers. Patient demographics, symptomatic improvement and quality of life assessment were determined by self-report prior and after EECP treatment. Results Non-smoking SHS subjects had a lower prevalence of prior revascularization (85% vs 90%), and had an increased prevalence of stroke (13% vs 7%) and prior smoking (72% vs 61%; all p < 0.05) compared to non-smokers without SHS exposure. Despite comparable degrees of coronary disease, baseline angina class, medical regimens and side effects during EECP, fewer SHS non-smokers completed a full 35-hour treatment course (77% vs 85%, p = 0.020) compared to non-smokers without SHS. Compared to non-smokers without SHS, non-smoking SHS subjects had less angina relief after EECP (angina class decreased ? 1 class: 68% vs 79%; p = 0.0082), both higher than that achieved in current smokers (66%). By multivariable logistic regression, SHS exposure was an independent predictor of failure to symptomatic improvement after EECP among non-smokers (OR 1.81, 95% confidence intervals 1.16–2.83). Conclusion Non-smokers with SHS exposure had an attenuated improvement in anginal symptoms compared to those without SHS following EECP. PMID:18798998

Efstratiadis, Stilianos; Kennard, Elizabeth D; Kelsey, Sheryl F; Michaels, Andrew D

2008-01-01

20

Use of morphine in cholescintigraphy for obstructive cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Non-visualization of the gallbladder (GB) during the first hour of cholescintigraphy is observed in cystic duct obstruction (e.g. in acute cholecystitis) but may also occur in chronic cholecystitis, hepatocellular disease, alcoholism and prolonged total parenteral nutrition. Low dose morphine is shown to improve the specificity of the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis (from 85% to 100%) with no loss in sensitivity (98%) at a small cost in terms of additional study time. The authors reviewed 27 selected cholescintigraphic examinations augmented by intravenous (IV) morphine (0.04 mg/Kg). Of the 16 cases with persistent nonvisualization of the GB, ultrasound revealed gallstones in 5 cases, sludge in 4, acalculous cholecystitis in 3, one distended GB, one contracted GB and 2 normal GB's. Of the 4 patients taken to surgery, one with gallstones and one with acalculous cholecystitis were confirmed to have acute cholecystitis while another with gallstones had chronic cholecystitis and the final patient, who was sonographically normal, presented a single common duct stone. The authors conclude that the use of IV morphine is an effective adjunct to cholescintigraphy in the evaluation of gallbladder disease, especially when visualization post morphine rules out acute cholecystitis.

Kim, E.E.; Nguyen, M.; Pjura, G.; Pollack, M.; Gobuty, A.

1985-05-01

21

Surgical, pathological and clinical correlation of Tc-99m DISIDA hepatobiliary imaging in 138 adult males, in the diagnosis of functional cystic duct obstruction VS acute or chronic cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Despite the wide acceptance of the hepatobiliary scintigraphy as a popular diagnostic imaging modality for gallbladder and hepatobiliary disease, correlation between radionuclide diagnoses and the final clinical and/or pathologic findings have not been thoroughly evaluated. The lack of correlative studies frequently generates difficulties in making appropriate diagnostic interpretation of the objective findings. A retrospective clinical pathological and surgical correlative study was undertaken by the authors in 138 male veteran patients, who underwent computer assisted minute by minute Tc-99m DISIDA cholescintigraphy. A very high percentage (75%) revealed abnormalities; non-visualization of gallbladder (GB) with normal choledochus system (46%), choledochal obstruction with no GB visualization (13%), choledochal obstruction with normal GB visualization (6%), severe hepatocellular disease with non-diagnostic GB (4%), and delayed GB visualization (longer than 60 minutes) (3%). Non-visualization of GB but normal choledochus demonstrated diverse pathologic etiologies, acute and chronic cholecystitis (64%), S/P cholecystectomy (8%), functional obstruction secondary to sepsis or pancreatitis (6%), and various other pathologies including porcelain GB and cholangitis (22%). The most important cause of choledochal obstruction was mass lesions or local infiltration with metastases (33%) rather than acute cholecystitis (27%). Although the sensitivity (98%) and specificity (92%) for cystic duct obstruction were very high, the specificity decreases significantly for cholecystitis.

Yoo, J.H.K.; Beal, W.H.; Ware, R.W.; Straw, J.D.; Chaudhuri, T.K.

1985-05-01

22

Atherosclerotic inferior mesenteric artery stenosis resulting in large intestinal hypoperfusion: a paradigm shift in the diagnosis and management of symptomatic chronic mesenteric ischemia.  

PubMed

Symptomatic chronic mesenteric ischemia results from intestinal hypoperfusion and is classically thought to result from involvement of two or more mesenteric arteries. The celiac artery and superior mesenteric artery are most frequently implicated in this disease process, and their involvement usually results in symptoms of small intestinal ischemia. Symptomatic chronic mesenteric ischemia resulting predominantly from inferior mesenteric artery involvement has largely been overlooked but does gives rise to its own, unique clinical presentation with symptoms resulting from large intestinal ischemia. We present four patients with atherosclerotic inferior mesenteric artery stenosis with symptomatic chronic mesenteric ischemia that have unique clinical presentations consistent with large intestinal ischemia that resolved following percutaneous endovascular treatment of the inferior mesenteric artery stenosis. These cases represent a novel approach to the diagnosis and management of this disease process and may warrant a further subclassification of chronic mesenteric ischemia into chronic small intestinal ischemia and chronic large intestinal ischemia. PMID:22407990

Lotun, Kapildeo; Shetty, Ranjith; Topaz, On

2012-11-01

23

Cholecystitis: prospective evaluation of sonography and /sup 99m/ Tc-HIDA cholescintigraphy  

SciTech Connect

Major and minor criteria are determined for sonographic diagnosis of acute and chronic cholecystitis. A prospective study of 113 cases was performed on patients with suspected acute cholecystitis who were evaluated by cholesonography and /sup 99m/Tc-HIDA cholescintigraphy. Data support the use of sonography as the intial imaging procedure for the patient with suspected acute cholecystitis. /sup 99m/Tc-HIDA is useful in those cases without stones which exhibit minor criteria for gallbladder abnormality.

Worthen, N.J.; Uszler, J.M.; Funamura, J.L.

1981-11-01

24

Cholescintigraphy in cholecystic cancer  

SciTech Connect

Two case reports of nonvisualization of the gallbladder by hepatobiliary scintigraphy in patients with carcinoma of the gallbladder are described. A hypothesis regarding the pathogenesis of gallbladder nonvisualization in cholecystic cancer is offered. The possible clinical utility of hepatobiliary scintigraphy in these patients is discussed.

Nagle, C.E.; Freitas, J.; Dworkin, H.J.

1983-05-01

25

Cholecystitis occurring without stones  

SciTech Connect

A case of acalculous cholecystitis in a 65-year-old man with underlying diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and peripheral arteriosclerosis is presented here. His case remained diagnostically puzzling for some time until symptoms and signs became more severe and very suggestive of acute cholecystitis. The clinical impression was then supported by an abnormal radioisotope biliary scan. The scan has fairly good sensitivity in detecting this condition but may not be totally dependable. Acalculous cholecystitis is an unusual but serious variant of a common disorder in which treatable gallbladder disease may masquerade as a less treatable liver malady. A common denominator among this disorder's many etiologies may be impairment of the gallbladder microcirculation in the presence of one or more conditions that lower the gallbladder's resistance to bacterial invasion. Prompt detection and treatment are desirable to reduce morbidity and mortality. However, early diagnosis is not always possible, because the clinical picture often is unclear, clear, gallstones are absent, and laboratory test results may be normal or equivocal. As in the case reported here, the vague clinical picture may dictate following a patient until the illness reaches an intensity acute enough to permit identification. The greatest aid to earlier diagnosis for the physician faced with circumstances similar to those described here is to think of cholecystitis and then to give strong weight to that clinical suspicion. At times, a recommendation for cholecystectomy may have to be made mainly on clinical judgment.

Seal, M.L.

1986-03-01

26

Comparative Effectiveness of Di'ao Xin Xue Kang Capsule and Compound Danshen Tablet in Patients With Symptomatic Chronic Stable Angina.  

PubMed

A high proportion of patients with stable angina remains symptomatic despite multiple treatment options. Di'ao Xinxuekang (XXK) capsule and Compound Danshen (CDS) tablet have been approved for treating angina pectoris for more than 20 years in China. We compare the anti-anginal effectiveness of XXK capsule and CDS tablet in patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina. A randomized, multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group, superiority trial was conducted in 4 study sites. 733 patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina were included in the full analysis set. The primary outcomes were the proportion of patients who were angina-free and the proportion of patients with normal electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings during 20 weeks treatment. Compared with CDS, XXK significantly increased the proportion of angina-free patients, but no significant difference was noted in the proportion of patients with normal ECG recordings. Weekly angina frequency and nitroglycerin use were significantly reduced with XXK versus CDS at week 20. Moreover, XXK also improved the quality of life of angina patients as measured by the SAQ score and Xueyu Zheng (a type of TCM syndrome) score. We demonstrate that XXK capsule is more effective for attenuating anginal symptoms and improving quality of life in patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina, compared with CDS tablet. PMID:25394847

Yu, Yanan; Hu, Siyuan; Li, Guoxin; Xue, Jie; Li, Zhuoming; Liu, Xiangling; Yang, Xiyan; Dong, Bo; Wang, Donghai; Wang, Xiaofeng; Liu, Shurong; Liu, Jun; Chen, Bingwei; Wang, Liying; Liu, Songshan; Chen, Qiguang; Shen, Chunti; Wang, Zhong; Wang, Yongyan

2014-01-01

27

Comparative Effectiveness of Di'ao Xin Xue Kang Capsule and Compound Danshen Tablet in Patients With Symptomatic Chronic Stable Angina  

PubMed Central

A high proportion of patients with stable angina remains symptomatic despite multiple treatment options. Di'ao Xinxuekang (XXK) capsule and Compound Danshen (CDS) tablet have been approved for treating angina pectoris for more than 20 years in China. We compare the anti-anginal effectiveness of XXK capsule and CDS tablet in patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina. A randomized, multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group, superiority trial was conducted in 4 study sites. 733 patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina were included in the full analysis set. The primary outcomes were the proportion of patients who were angina-free and the proportion of patients with normal electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings during 20 weeks treatment. Compared with CDS, XXK significantly increased the proportion of angina-free patients, but no significant difference was noted in the proportion of patients with normal ECG recordings. Weekly angina frequency and nitroglycerin use were significantly reduced with XXK versus CDS at week 20. Moreover, XXK also improved the quality of life of angina patients as measured by the SAQ score and Xueyu Zheng (a type of TCM syndrome) score. We demonstrate that XXK capsule is more effective for attenuating anginal symptoms and improving quality of life in patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina, compared with CDS tablet. PMID:25394847

Yu, Yanan; Hu, Siyuan; Li, Guoxin; Xue, Jie; Li, Zhuoming; Liu, Xiangling; Yang, Xiyan; Dong, Bo; Wang, Donghai; Wang, Xiaofeng; Liu, Shurong; Liu, Jun; Chen, Bingwei; Wang, Liying; Liu, Songshan; Chen, Qiguang; Shen, Chunti; Wang, Zhong; Wang, Yongyan

2014-01-01

28

Acalculous Cholecystitis in Burned Patients.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ten cases of acalculous cholecystitis in burned patients are reviewed. The disorder appears to be associated with overwhelming bacterial invasion or other postburn complications leading to dehydration or necessitating surgery. Recommendations regarding pr...

A. M. Munster, B. A. Pruitt, M. N. Goodwin

1971-01-01

29

Symptomatic response to imatinib mesylate in cutaneous mastocytosis associated with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia  

PubMed Central

Mastocytosis is an uncommon disorder defined by increased and abnormal mast cells in one or more tissues. Cutaneous mastocytosis (cm) is limited to the skin, with varying degrees of rash, pruritus, and disfigurement. Systemic mastocytosis (sm) typically involves the bone marrow, sometimes in association with other bone marrow disorders, including chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (cmml). Mastocytosis has been associated with somatic mutations in the gene encoding the tyrosine kinase Kit, leading to identification of Kit as a therapeutic target. The Kit inhibitor imatinib mesylate is approved for aggressive sm. We present an unusual patient with disabling pruritus from telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans, a subtype of cm, and cmml, but with no evidence of systemic mast cell disease. She was treated with imatinib and experienced marked improvement in her pruritus. Concomitant cm and cmml have not previously been reported, and the present report is the first of successful imatinib therapy in an adult patient with cm. PMID:23904774

Vannorsdall, E.J.; Collins, J.A.; Chen, Q.C.; Sarai, G.; Baer, M.R.

2013-01-01

30

Normal gallbladder scintigraphy in acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Normal gallbladder scintigraphy occurs in 2 to 5% of reported patients with acute cholecystitis. Gallbladder visualization is found in patients with acalculous cholecystitis and in those with recent relief of cystic duct obstruction but persistence of inflammation. A patient is reported who had clinical and pathologic findings of acute cholecystitis but normal gallbladder visualization. This reemphasizes that the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis cannot be excluded by normal gallbladder scintigraphy.

Ohrt, H.J.; Posalaky, I.P.; Shafer, R.B.

1983-03-01

31

Participant Characteristics Associated with Symptomatic Improvement from Yoga for Chronic Low Back Pain  

PubMed Central

Context Studies suggest that yoga is effective for moderate to severe chronic low back pain (cLBP) in diverse predominantly lower socioeconomic status populations. However, little is known about factors associated with benefit from the yoga intervention. Objective Identify factors at baseline independently associated with greater efficacy among participants in a study of yoga for cLBP. Design From September–December 2011, a 12-week randomized dosing trial was conducted comparing weekly vs. twice-weekly 75-minute hatha yoga classes for 95 predominantly low-income minority adults with nonspecific cLBP. Participant characteristics collected at baseline were used to determine factors beyond treatment assignment (reported in the initial study) that predicted outcome. We used bivariate testing to identify baseline characteristics associated with improvement in function and pain, and included select factors in a multivariate linear regression. Setting Recruitment and classes occurred in an academic safety-net hospital and five affiliated community health centers in Boston, Massachusetts. Participants Ninety-five adults with nonspecific cLBP, ages ranging from 20–64 (mean 48) years; 72 women and 23 men. Outcome measures Primary outcomes were changes in back-related function (modified Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, RMDQ; 0–23) and mean low back pain intensity (0–10) in the previous week, from baseline to week 12. Results Adjusting for group assignment, baseline RMDQ, age, and gender, foreign nationality and lower baseline SF36 physical component score (PCS) were independently associated with improvement in RMDQ. Greater than high school education level, cLBP less than 1 year, and lower baseline SF36 PCS were independently associated with improvement in pain intensity. Other demographics including race, income, gender, BMI, and use of pain medications were not associated with either outcome. Conclusions Poor physical health at baseline is associated with greater improvement from yoga in back-related function and pain. Race, income, and body mass index do not affect the potential for a person with low back pain to experience benefit from yoga.

Stein, Kim M; Weinberg, Janice; Sherman, Karen J; Lemaster, Chelsey M; Saper, Robert

2014-01-01

32

Acute Cholecystitis After a Colonoscopy  

PubMed Central

Acute cholecystitis after a colonoscopy is a rare event, and only eight documented cases are reported in the literature. A 35-year-old male underwent a screening colonoscopy. There was a 5-mm sessile polyp in the sigmoid colon, which was removed by using a hot snare polypectomy. Forty-eight hours after the colonoscopy, the patient visited our emergency department with epigastric pain and fever. Based on the clinical findings, laboratory data and radiologic imaging, our diagnosis was acute cholecystitis. Because no previous cases of this type have been reported to date in Korea, we publish the details of our patients who presented with a postcolonoscopy complication diagnosed as acute cholecystitis. PMID:24278861

Park, Tae Ik; Lee, Jun Hee; Kim, Min Cheol; Kim, Bong Gap; Cha, Dong Hyuk

2013-01-01

33

Diagnosis of acute cholecystitis using hepatobiliary scan with technetium-99m PIPIDA  

SciTech Connect

Sixty patients were evaluated for acute abdominal pain using technetium-99m PIPIDA hepatobiliary imaging. The sensitivity of the test was 90.6 percent in all patients and the accuracy was 93.3 percent. In the evaluation of acutely ill patients with right upper quadrant pain, fever, nausea and vomiting, hepatobiliary imaging with PIPIDA is the preferred test for diagnosing acute cholecystitis. If the test is positive, disease of the gallbladder and probably acute cholecystitis are present. Early operation can proceed if desirable. If the test is negative and the bilirubin level is less than 5.0 mg/dl, acute cholecystitis is not present. In such cases conservative treatment is appropriate, and follow-up tests should be performed to evaluate the possibility of chronic cholecystitis. When the bilirubin level exceeds 5.0 mg/dl, the test is often indeterminate.

Bennett, M.T.; Sheldon, M.I.; dos Remedios, L.V.; Weber, P.M.

1981-09-01

34

Early detection of chronic wasting disease prions in urine of pre-symptomatic deer by real-time quaking-induced conversion assay  

PubMed Central

Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a prion disease of captive and free-ranging deer (Odocoileus spp), elk (Cervus elaphus nelsonii) and moose (Alces alces shirasi). Unlike in most other prion diseases, in CWD prions are shed in urine and feces, which most likely contributes to the horizontal transmission within and between cervid species. To date, CWD ante-mortem diagnosis is only possible by immunohistochemical detection of protease resistant prion protein (PrPSc) in tonsil or recto-anal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (RAMALT) biopsies, which requires anesthesia of animals. We report on detection of CWD prions in urine collected from pre-symptomatic deer and in fecal extracts by using real time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC). This assay can be useful for non-invasive pre-symptomatic diagnosis and surveillance of CWD. PMID:23764839

John, Theodore R.; Schatzl, Hermann M.; Gilch, Sabine

2013-01-01

35

Rim sign: association with acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

In a retrospective analysis of 218 hepatobiliary studies in patients clinically suspected of acute cholecystitis, a rim of increased hepatic activity adjacent to the gallbladder fossa (the rim sign) has been evaluated as a scintigraphic predictor of confirmed acute cholecystitis. Of 28 cases with pathologic confirmation of acute cholecystitis in this series, 17 (60%) demonstrated this sign. When associated with nonvisualization of the gallbladder at 1 hr, the positive predictive value of this photon-intense rim for acute cholecystitis was 94%. When the rim sign was absent, the positive predictive value of nonvisualization of the gallbladder at 1 hr for acute cholecystitis was only 36%. As this sign was always seen during the first hour postinjection, it can, when associated with nonvisualization, reduce the time required for completion of an hepatobiliary examination in suspected acute cholecystitis.

Bushnell, D.L.; Perlman, S.B.; Wilson, M.A.; Polcyn, R.E.

1986-03-01

36

How to image the gallbladder in suspected cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

As a result of important advances in medical imaging, the oral cholecystogram is no longer the primary test of gallbladder function and anatomy. Real-time ultrasonography and cholescintigraphy, both highly sensitive and specific tests, are the two major methods for assessing gallbladder pathology. Oral cholecystography, endoscopic retrograde pancreatography, and percutaneous gallbladder puncture serve as supplementary tests. Decisions about which test to use depend on the kind of gallbladder disease that is suspected as well as the estimated likelihood of the disease before the information is obtained from the procedure. Thus, ultrasonography is the test of choice for chronic cholecystitis, with oral cholecystography reserved for situations in which the diagnosis is uncertain after ultrasonography. When acute cholecystitis is suspected, ultrasonography is also the test of choice in most patients, and cholescintigraphy is used to resolve uncertainty. 103 references.

Marton, K.I.; Doubilet, P.

1988-11-01

37

Laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy for severe cholecystitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In severe cholecystitis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be technically difficult, and is associated with an increased rate of procedure conversions and common bile duct lesions. Methods: We investigated the safety and complications of laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy for severe cholecystitis in a medium- to long-term follow-up evaluation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed in 345 patients during a period of 64 months. In

G. Beldi; A. Glättli

2003-01-01

38

[A case of primary hepatic malignant lymphoma accompanied by cholecystitis].  

PubMed

A 50-year-old man visited a physician due to continued right hypochondrium pain for a period of about two months. He was diagnosed with cholecystitis and was referred to our hospital. On arrival, he presented with mild tenderness in the right upper quadrant. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed small gallstones and a thickened gallbladder wall. At the same time, a low-density area expanding from the gallbladder bed was revealed. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed a smooth stricture of the common hepatic duct. We suspected chronic cholecystitis and inflammatory change in the liver because of cholecystitis. However, malignant diseases could not be excluded, and conservative treatment with antibiotics was therefore performed. On post-hospitalization day 26, cholecystectomy was performed. Rapid diagnosis of a surgical wedged biopsy specimen of the liver showed infiltration of the hepatic sinusoids by atypical lymphocytes. Malignant lymphoma was highly suspected. After further examination, we obtained the diagnosis of primary hepatic CD5+diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Cyclophosphamide+doxorubicin+vincristine+prednisolone(CHOP) with rituximab therapy was performed. Complete remission was achieved after 8 courses of therapy. However, tumor recurrence in the floor of the mouth occurred one year after the operation. Salvage chemotherapy is now being performed. PMID:23267962

Okada, Toshimasa; Nishimura, Taku; Nagashima, Yukiko; Nakamura, Mitsuo; Sakata, Kouichiro; Kimura, Teruaki; Kato, Akira; Nakazora, Tatsuki; Nawata, Ryouhei; Setoguchi, Mihoko

2012-11-01

39

Chronic rapamycin restores brain vascular integrity and function through NO synthase activation and improves memory in symptomatic mice modeling Alzheimer's disease  

PubMed Central

Vascular pathology is a major feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other dementias. We recently showed that chronic administration of the target-of-rapamycin (TOR) inhibitor rapamycin, which extends lifespan and delays aging, halts the progression of AD-like disease in transgenic human (h)APP mice modeling AD when administered before disease onset. Here we demonstrate that chronic reduction of TOR activity by rapamycin treatment started after disease onset restored cerebral blood flow (CBF) and brain vascular density, reduced cerebral amyloid angiopathy and microhemorrhages, decreased amyloid burden, and improved cognitive function in symptomatic hAPP (AD) mice. Like acetylcholine (ACh), a potent vasodilator, acute rapamycin treatment induced the phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) and NO release in brain endothelium. Administration of the NOS inhibitor L-NG-Nitroarginine methyl ester reversed vasodilation as well as the protective effects of rapamycin on CBF and vasculature integrity, indicating that rapamycin preserves vascular density and CBF in AD mouse brains through NOS activation. Taken together, our data suggest that chronic reduction of TOR activity by rapamycin blocked the progression of AD-like cognitive and histopathological deficits by preserving brain vascular integrity and function. Drugs that inhibit the TOR pathway may have promise as a therapy for AD and possibly for vascular dementias. PMID:23801246

Lin, Ai-Ling; Zheng, Wei; Halloran, Jonathan J; Burbank, Raquel R; Hussong, Stacy A; Hart, Matthew J; Javors, Martin; Shih, Yen-Yu Ian; Muir, Eric; Solano Fonseca, Rene; Strong, Randy; Richardson, Arlan G; Lechleiter, James D; Fox, Peter T; Galvan, Veronica

2013-01-01

40

Low sensitivity of sonography and cholescintigraphy in acalculous cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Acalculous cholecystitis is difficult to diagnose by clinical means or contrast radiography. Because sonography and cholescintigraphy have both been shown to do well in the diagnosis of calculous cholecystitis, the sensitivity of these newer imaging methods was assessed retrospectively in 33 proven cases of acalculous cholecystitis. The sensitivities to acalculous cholecystitis for sonography (67%) and for cholescintigraphy (68%) were not as high as has been reported for these tests in calculous cholecystitis. Reasons for the lower sensitivity with each test and the pathogenesis of acalculous cholecystitis are discussed.

Shuman, W.P.; Rogers, J.V.; Rudd, T.G.; Mack, L.A.; Plumley, T.; Larson, E.B.

1984-03-01

41

Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) in the Treatment of Venous Symptomatic Chronic Portal Thrombosis in Non-cirrhotic Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To present a series of cases of non-cirrhotic patients with symptomatic massive portal thrombosis treated by percutaneous techniques. All patients underwent a TIPS procedure in order to maintain the patency of the portal vein by facilitating the outflow. Methods: A total of six patients were treated for thrombosis of the main portal vein (6/6); the main right and left branches (3/6) and the splenic vein (5/6) and superior mesenteric vein (6/6). Two patients had a pancreatic malignancy; one patient with an orthotopic liver transplant had been surgically treated for a pancreatic carcinoma. Two patients had idiopathic thrombocytosis, and in the remaining patient no cause for the portal thrombosis was identified. During the initial procedure in each patient one or more approaches were tried: transhepatic (5/6), transileocolic (1/6), trans-splenic (1/6) or transjugular (1/6). In all cases the procedure was completed with a TIPS with either ultrasound guidance (3/6), 'gun-shot' technique (2/6) or fluoroscopic guidance (1/6).Results: No complications were observed during the procedures. One patient had a repeat episode of variceal bleeding at 30 months, one patient remained asymptomatic and was lost to follow-up at 24 months, two patients were successfully treated surgically (cephalic duodenopancreatectomy) and are alive at 4 and 36 months. One patient remains asymptomatic (without new episodes of abdominal pain) at 16 months of follow-up. One patient died because of tumor progression at 10 months. Conclusion: Percutaneous techniques for portal recanalization are an interesting alternative even in non-acute thrombosis. Once flow has been restored in the portal vein TIPS may be necessary to obtain an adequate outflow, hence facilitating and maintaining the portal flow.

Bilbao, Jose I., E-mail: jibilbao@unav.es; Elorz, Mariana; Vivas, Isabel; Martinez-Cuesta, Antonio; Bastarrika, Gorka; Benito, Alberto [Universidad de Navarra, Department of Radiology, Clinica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina (Spain)

2004-09-15

42

Indium-111-leukocyte imaging in acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Eleven patients with suspected acute cholecystitis underwent sequential {sup 99}mTc-iminodiacetic derivative (IDA) and {sup 111}In-white blood cell (WBC) imaging to determine if {sup 111}In-WBCs accumulate within an acutely inflamed hemorrhagic gallbladder wall and, thus, could be employed as a reasonable alternative to {sup 99}mTc-IDA scintigraphy in detecting acute cholecystitis. Seven patients had surgically confirmed acute cholecystitis. Of these cases, five had a true-positive {sup 99}mTc-IDA and {sup 111}In-WBC, one an indeterminate {sup 111}In-WBC and true-positive {sup 99}mTc-IDA, and one a true-positive {sup 111}In-WBC and false-negative {sup 99}mTc-IDA scan. The remaining four patients did not have acute cholecystitis. All visualized their gallbladder within 1 hr after {sup 99}mTc-IDA administration and none had {sup 111}In-WBC gallbladder wall uptake. Both {sup 111}In-WBC and {sup 99}mTc-IDA scintigraphy accurately detected acute cholecystitis: hepatobiliary scintigraphy demonstrated a cystic duct obstruction and {sup 111}In-WBC imaging detected the inflammatory infiltrate within the gallbladder wall. The sensitivity and specificity of each was 86% and 100%, respectively.

Fink-Bennett, D.; Clarke, K.; Tsai, D.; Nuechterlein, P.; Gora, G. (William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (USA))

1991-05-01

43

Acute cholecystitis associated with Clonorchis sinensis infection  

PubMed Central

Clonorchis sinensis is one of the most common causes of trematodiasis that is caused by the ingestion of raw fish contaminated with infective cysts. The adult flukes are predominantly present in the intrahepatic bile ducts, but occasionally they may be found in the pancreatic duct and extrahepatic bile ducts. The clinical manifestations depend on the number of flukes, the period of infestation, and complications such as pericholangitic abscess, cholangitis, bile duct stones, and cholangiocarcinoma. However, primary acute cholecystitis associated with C. sinensis infection is extremely rare. Herein, we report on a case of primary acute cholecystitis associated with C. sinensis infection. PMID:25114891

Oh, Jung Taek; Jo, Hyang Jeong

2014-01-01

44

Comparison of Early and Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis: Experience from A Single Center  

PubMed Central

Background: Cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones is mainly performed after the acute cholecystitis episode settles because of the fear of higher morbidity and conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open cholecystectomy during acute cholecystitis. Aims: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis and to compare the results with delayed cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective and randomized study. For patients assigned to early group, laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed as soon as possible within 72 hours of admission. Patients in the delayed group were treated conservatively and discharged as soon as the acute attack subsided. They were subsequently readmitted for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy 6-12 weeks later. Results: There was no significant difference in the conversion rates, postoperative analgesia requirements, or postoperative complications. However, the early group had significantly more blood loss, more operating time, and shorter hospital stay. Conclusion: Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy within 72 hours of onset of symptoms has both medical as well as socioeconomic benefits and should be the preferred approach for patients managed by surgeons with adequate experience in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:24020050

Gul, Rouf; Dar, Rayees Ahmad; Sheikh, Riyaz Ahmad; Salroo, Nazir Ahmad; Matoo, Adnan Rashid; Wani, Sabiya Hamid

2013-01-01

45

Lithotripsy of an impacted calcified stone in the cystic duct accompanied by cholecystitis in severe Crohn's disease.  

PubMed Central

A 35 year old women patient with Crohn's disease and previous multiple abdominal operations presented with a calcified stone of 12 mm diameter in the cystic duct giving rise to cholecystitis. The surgeons declined to operate because of extensive intra-abdominal adhesions caused by multiple intestinal resections and chronic enterocutaneous fistulas. It was possible to fragment the stone in three lithotripsy sessions. The fragments were excreted spontaneously through the ductus choledochus and the cholecystitis was cured by antibiotic treatment. The patient remained symptom free after 12 months. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:8174971

Stolzel, U; Koszka, C; Gregor, M; Ziegler, K; Zimmer, T; Riecken, E O

1993-01-01

46

Kocuria kristinae infection associated with acute cholecystitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Kocuria, previously classified into the genus of Micrococcus, is commonly found on human skin. Two species, K. rosea and K. kristinae, are etiologically associated with catheter-related bacteremia. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the first case of K. kristinae infection associated with acute cholecystitis. The microorganism was isolated from the bile of a 56-year old Chinese man who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Edmond SK Ma; Chris LP Wong; Kristi TW Lai; Edmond CH Chan; WC Yam; Angus CW Chan

2005-01-01

47

Lactobacillus fermentum, a pathogen in documented cholecystitis  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Lactobacillus species are probiotics proven to exhibit various preventative as well as therapeutic properties. While lactobacillus species have been implicated in the formation of dental caries, endocarditis and bacteremia, their role as pathogens in cholecystitis has not been reported. We present a rare case of Lactobacillus fermentum working as a pathogen in cholecystitis. PRESENTATION OF CASE An 81-year old male was admitted with right upper quadrant abdominal pain. His signs, symptoms, laboratory values and imaging were consistent with a diagnosis of cholecystitis with ascending cholangitis. In view of his co-morbidity and severe sepsis, the patient was treated non-operatively with antibiotics and cholecystostomy. L. fermentum, which was vancomycin resistant, was identified from the cholecystostomy aspirate and from anaerobic blood culture. The patient went into septic shock, developed multi-organ dysfunction syndrome and eventually died. DISCUSSION Commensal bacteria such as L. fermentum are known to modulate immunity, reduce the pathogenicity of gastrointestinal organisms and play a therapeutic role in various disease processes. We isolated L. fermentum as a pathogen in a documented case of cholecystitis with ascending cholangitis. CONCLUSION While the routine use lactobacillus species as a probiotic is supported in the literature, understanding its potential role as a pathogen may allow more judicious use of these bacteria and encourage research to elucidate the pathogenicity of lactobacillus species. PMID:23792476

Chery, Josue; Dvoskin, Dmitriy; Morato, Fernando P.; Fahoum, Bashar

2013-01-01

48

Monitoring, characterization and control of chronic, symptomatic malaria infections in rural Zambia through monthly household visits by paid community health workers  

PubMed Central

Background Active, population-wide mass screening and treatment (MSAT) for chronic Plasmodium falciparum carriage to eliminate infectious reservoirs of malaria transmission have proven difficult to apply on large national scales through trained clinicians from central health authorities. Methodology Fourteen population clusters of approximately 1,000 residents centred around health facilities (HF) in two rural Zambian districts were each provided with three modestly remunerated community health workers (CHWs) conducting active monthly household visits to screen and treat all consenting residents for malaria infection with rapid diagnostic tests (RDT). Both CHWs and HFs also conducted passive case detection among residents who self-reported for screening and treatment. Results Diagnostic positivity was higher among symptomatic patients self-reporting to CHWs (42.5%) and HFs (24%) than actively screened residents (20.3%), but spatial and temporal variations of diagnostic positivity were highly consistent across all three systems. However, most malaria infections (55.6%) were identified through active home visits by CHWs rather than self-reporting to CHWs or HFs. Most (62%) malaria infections detected actively by CHWs reported one or more symptoms of illness. Most reports of fever and vomiting, plus more than a quarter of history of fever, headache and diarrhoea, were attributable to malaria infection. The minority of residents who participated >12 times had lower rates of malaria infection and associated symptoms in later contacts but most residents were tested <4 times and high malaria diagnostic positivity (32%) in active surveys, as well as incidence (1.7 detected infections per person per year) persisted in the population. Per capita cost for active service delivery by CHWs was US$5.14 but this would rise to US$10.68 with full community compliance with monthly testing at current levels of transmission, and US$6.25 if pre-elimination transmission levels and negligible treatment costs were achieved. Conclusion Monthly active home visits by CHWs equipped with RDTs were insufficient to eliminate the human infection reservoir in this typical African setting, despite reasonably high LLIN/IRS coverage. However, dramatic impact upon infection and morbidity burden might be attainable and cost-effective if community participation in regular testing could be improved and the substantial, but not necessarily prohibitive, costs are affordable to national programmes. PMID:24678631

2014-01-01

49

Antimicrobial therapy for acute cholecystitis: Tokyo Guidelines.  

PubMed

Acute cholecystitis consists of various morbid conditions, ranging from mild cases that are relieved by the oral administration of antimicrobial drugs or that resolve even without antimicrobials to severe cases complicated by biliary peritonitis. Microbial cultures should be performed by collecting bile at all available opportunities to identify both aerobic and anaerobic organisms. Empirically selected antimicrobials should be administered. Antimicrobial activity against potential causative organisms, the severity of the cholecystitis, the patient's past history of antimicrobial therapy, and local susceptibility patterns (antibiogram) must be taken into consideration in the choice of antimicrobial drugs. In mild cases which closely mimic biliary colic, the administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is recommended to prevent the progression of inflammation (recommendation grade A). When causative organisms are identified, the antimicrobial drug should be changed for a narrower-spectrum antimicrobial agent on the basis of the species and their susceptibility testing results. PMID:17252301

Yoshida, Masahiro; Takada, Tadahiro; Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Tanaka, Atsushi; Nimura, Yuji; Gomi, Harumi; Hirota, Masahiko; Miura, Fumihiko; Wada, Keita; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Solomkin, Joseph S; Strasberg, Steven; Pitt, Henry A; Belghiti, Jacques; de Santibanes, Eduardo; Fan, Sheung-Tat; Chen, Miin-Fu; Belli, Giulio; Hilvano, Serafin C; Kim, Sun-Whe; Ker, Chen-Guo

2007-01-01

50

Computed tomography in acute cholecystitis: new observations  

SciTech Connect

The computed tomographic CT findings in five patients with acute cholecystitis were analyzed. Common findings included thickening and nodularity of the gallbladder wall, cholelithiasis, and dilatation of the gallbladder lumen. Other more specific findings included poor definition of the gallbladder wall, pericholecystic fluid collections, and gas collections within the gallbladder wall. Most of the CT findings are suggestive but not pathognomonic, and correlation with the clinical, scintigraphic, and sonographic findings is necessary.

Kane, R.A. (New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston, MA); Costello, P.; Duszlak, E.

1983-10-01

51

Emergency versus elective cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was carried out at the Department of Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital, New Delhi,\\u000a between January 1982 and October 1984. Clinical diagnosis of acute cholecystitis was confirmed by ultrasound scanning or Tc99m labelled HIDA Scan. Group I (n=24) comprised patients who underwent emergency cholecystectomy while Group II (n=23) comprised\\u000a patients who were managed conservatively,

M. C. Misra; Sudhir Khanna; Anil Khosla; M. Berry; B. M. L. Kapur

1988-01-01

52

Comparison of the Indications and Treatment Results of Burr-Hole Drainage at the Maximal Thickness Area versus Twist-Drill Craniostomy at the Pre-Coronal Point for the Evacuation of Symptomatic Chronic Subdural Hematomas  

PubMed Central

Objective To analyze the clinical data and surgical results from symptomatic chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) patients who underwent burr-hole drainage (BHD) at the maximal thickness area and twist-drill craniostomy (TDC) at the precoronal point. Methods We analyzed data from 65 symptomatic CSDH patients who underwent TDC at the pre-coronal point or BHD at the maximal thickness area. For TDC, we defined the pre-coronal point to be 1 cm anterior to the coronal suture at the level of the superior temporal line. TDC was performed in patients with CSDH that extended beyond the coronal suture, as confirmed by preoperative CT scans. Medical records, radiological findings, and clinical performance were reviewed and analyzed. Results Of the 65 CSDH patients, 13/17 (76.4%) with BHD and 42/48 (87.5%) with TDC showed improved clinical performance and radiological findings after surgery. Catheter failure was seen in 1/48 (2.4%) cases of TDC. Five patients (29.4%) in the BHD group and four patients (8.33%) in the TDC group underwent reoperations due to remaining hematomas, and they improved with a second operation, BHD or TDC. Conclusion Both BHD at the maximal thickness area and TDC at the pre-coronal point are safe and effective drainage methods for symptomatic CSDHs with reasonable indications. PMID:25368768

Kim, Gi Hun; Im, Soo-Bin; Hwang, Sun-Chul; Jeong, Je Hoon; Shin, Dong-Seong

2014-01-01

53

Acalculous and clostridial cholecystitis in a pig.  

PubMed

A 21-month-old domestic Hanford pig (Sus scrofa domestica) in a 1-year study for experimental myocardial infarction was euthanized at the end of the study. One week earlier, the animal had symptoms and elevated clinical chemistry results suggestive of hepatobiliary disease, which resolved after medical therapy. At necropsy, the gallbladder was markedly enlarged, discolored, and had a thickened wall. Within the gallbladder, there was abundant friable green-brown material. A culture of the gallbladder luminal material yielded Clostridium perfringens type A. Histopathology of the gallbladder demonstrated multifocal areas of necrosis of varying depths, admixed with an inflammatory infiltrate that was also observed on the serosa and within the associated adipose tissue. Luminal material was composed of cellular debris and bile sludge admixed with numerous bacterial rods. Smooth-muscle hypertrophy of numerous small arterioles with narrowed lumina was observed in the gallbladder. A diagnosis of acalculous cholecystitis presumably because of ischemia of the gallbladder with secondary clostridial infection was made. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of acalculous cholecystitis with evidence of vascular compromise in a pig, as well as cholecystitis secondarily attributed to Clostridium perfringens type A. PMID:18599865

Starost, Matthew F; Burkholder, Tanya H

2008-07-01

54

Acute acalculous cholecystitis due to an incarcerated epigastric hernia.  

PubMed Central

A case of a 96 year old woman with an incarcerated gallbladder in an epigastric hernia causing acute acalculous cholecystitis is described. At operation the gallbladder was replaced in its anatomical site and the hernia was repaired. This unique case of acute acalculous cholecystitis demonstrates cystic duct obstruction and cystic vessel compression as possible aetiologies for this pathology. PMID:4070111

Goldman, G.; Rafael, A. J.; Hanoch, K.

1985-01-01

55

Diagnostic utility of cholescintigraphy and ultrasonography in acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

When faced with a patient with possible acute cholecystitis, technetium-99m-HIDA scintigraphy should be the primary diagnostic procedure performed. If scintigraphy reveals a normal gallbladder, acute cholecystitis is excluded. If the scintigram fails to visualize the gallbladder, ultrasonography is deemed advisable to exclude potential false-positive scintigrams and confirm the presence of cholelithiasis.

Zeman, R.K.; Burrell, M.I.; Cahow, C.E.; Caride, V.

1981-04-01

56

Diagnostic criteria and severity assessment of acute cholecystitis: Tokyo Guidelines.  

PubMed

The aim of this article is to propose new criteria for the diagnosis and severity assessment of acute cholecystitis, based on a systematic review of the literature and a consensus of experts. A working group reviewed articles with regard to the diagnosis and treatment of acute cholecystitis and extracted the best current available evidence. In addition to the evidence and face-to-face discussions, domestic consensus meetings were held by the experts in order to assess the results. A provisional outcome statement regarding the diagnostic criteria and criteria for severity assessment was discussed and finalized during an International Consensus Meeting held in Tokyo 2006. Patients exhibiting one of the local signs of inflammation, such as Murphy's sign, or a mass, pain or tenderness in the right upper quadrant, as well as one of the systemic signs of inflammation, such as fever, elevated white blood cell count, and elevated C-reactive protein level, are diagnosed as having acute cholecystitis. Patients in whom suspected clinical findings are confirmed by diagnostic imaging are also diagnosed with acute cholecystitis. The severity of acute cholecystitis is classified into three grades, mild (grade I), moderate (grade II), and severe (grade III). Grade I (mild acute cholecystitis) is defined as acute cholecystitis in a patient with no organ dysfunction and limited disease in the gallbladder, making cholecystectomy a low-risk procedure. Grade II (moderate acute cholecystitis) is associated with no organ dysfunction but there is extensive disease in the gallbladder, resulting in difficulty in safely performing a cholecystectomy. Grade II disease is usually characterized by an elevated white blood cell count; a palpable, tender mass in the right upper abdominal quadrant; disease duration of more than 72 h; and imaging studies indicating significant inflammatory changes in the gallbladder. Grade III (severe acute cholecystitis) is defined as acute cholecystitis with organ dysfunction. PMID:17252300

Hirota, Masahiko; Takada, Tadahiro; Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Nimura, Yuji; Miura, Fumihiko; Hirata, Koichi; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Masahiro; Strasberg, Steven; Pitt, Henry; Gadacz, Thomas R; de Santibanes, Eduardo; Gouma, Dirk J; Solomkin, Joseph S; Belghiti, Jacques; Neuhaus, Horst; Büchler, Markus W; Fan, Sheung-Tat; Ker, Chen-Guo; Padbury, Robert T; Liau, Kui-Hin; Hilvano, Serafin C; Belli, Giulio; Windsor, John A; Dervenis, Christos

2007-01-01

57

Symptomatic tonsillar ectopia  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To determine if slight descent of the cerebellar tonsils (< 5 mm below the foramen magnum; tonsillar ectopia) may cause surgically treatable symptomatology.?METHODS—A consecutive series of nine symptomatic patients with tonsillar ectopia seen between December 1990 and March 1993 are reported on. The same number of age and sex matched controls were selected at random from outpatients. Twelve asymptomatic subjects with tonsillar ectopia were found among 5000 people between January 1991 and March 1996. Diagnosis of tonsillar ectopia was based on midsagittal MRI.?RESULTS—Patients presented mainly with chronic intractable occipital dull pain, vertigo, and dysequilibrium. In all patients MRI showed normal brain structure except for tonsillar ectopia (-2.9 (SD 0.8) mm), which has historically been thought to be of no clinical relevance. In the control group the tonsilar position was +2.1 (SD 2.8) mm (p<0.01). Neurotologically abnormal findings were detected with a monaural speech integration test (100%), eye tracking test (56%), optokinetic nystagmus test (89%), and visual suppression test (67%) which strongly suggested a CNS lesion. In accordance with the results of MRI and precise neurotological examination, posterior fossa decompression surgery was carried out, followed by improvement of preoperative symptoms and less severity of neurotological abnormalities in all patients.?CONCLUSION—Tonsillar ectopia could cause neurological symptoms in small populations, which were surgically treatable. Neurotological assessment was necessary to verify the aetiological relation between tonsillar ectopia and various symptoms.?? PMID:9489535

Furuya, K.; Sano, K.; Segawa, H.; Ide, K.; Yoneyama, H.

1998-01-01

58

Acute calculous cholecystitis with patent cystic duct  

SciTech Connect

In the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis, the interpretation of cholescintigraphy is usually not difficult. It is conceivable, however, that wth unusual location of obstructing calculi atypical images could result. Three cases were studied with cholescintigraphy and one with cholecystography in which more distal locations of obstructing calculi resulted in partial visualization of the gallbladder and erroneous interpretations were possible. Nuclear medicine radiologists should, therefore, be aware that atypical gallbladder images may be the result of unexpected location of obstructing calculi. Clues for assisting in interpretation are offered.

Massie, J.D.; Moinuddin, M.; Phillips, J.C.

1983-07-01

59

Differentiation of complicated cholecystitis from gallbladder carcinoma by computed tomography  

SciTech Connect

Differentiation between complicated cholecystitis and advanced gallbladder carcinoma can be difficult when clinical findings are confusing. Computed tomographic (CT) scans were reviewed from 22 patients with a surgical diagnosis of complicated cholecystitis (11 cases) or advanced gallbladder carcinoma (11 cases). The presence of a curvilinear low-attenuation halo around the gallbladder wall was specific for complicated cholecystitis. Findings indicative of gallbladder carcinoma included a focal soft-invasion or metastases. Knowledge of these differential CT findings may result in a more accurate preoperative diagnosis.

Smathers, R.L.; Lee, J.K.T.; Heiken, J.P.

1984-08-01

60

A case report of typhoidal acute acalculous cholecystitis.  

PubMed

Introduction. Acalculous cholecystitis in the setting of typhoid fever in adults is an infrequent clinical encounter, reported sparsely in the literature. In this case report we review the presentation and management of enteric fever involving the biliary system and consider the literature surrounding this topic. The aim of this case report is to alert clinicians to the potential diagnosis of extraintestinal complications in the setting of typhoid fever in the returned traveller, requiring surgical intervention. Presentation of Case. We report the case of a 23-year-old woman with acalculous cholecystitis secondary to Salmonella Typhi. Discussion. There is scarce evidence surrounding the optimal treatment and prognosis of typhoidal acalculous cholecystitis. In the current case, surgical invention was favoured due to failure of medical management. Conclusion. Clinical judgement dictated surgical intervention in this case of typhoidal acute acalculous cholecystitis, and cholecystectomy was safely performed. PMID:25054069

Rajan, Neeha; Motoroko, Imeldah; Udayasiri, Dilshan; McKenzie, Jo-Lyn; Tan, Jason S C; Tramontana, Adrian R

2014-01-01

61

A Case Report of Typhoidal Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Acalculous cholecystitis in the setting of typhoid fever in adults is an infrequent clinical encounter, reported sparsely in the literature. In this case report we review the presentation and management of enteric fever involving the biliary system and consider the literature surrounding this topic. The aim of this case report is to alert clinicians to the potential diagnosis of extraintestinal complications in the setting of typhoid fever in the returned traveller, requiring surgical intervention. Presentation of Case. We report the case of a 23-year-old woman with acalculous cholecystitis secondary to Salmonella Typhi. Discussion. There is scarce evidence surrounding the optimal treatment and prognosis of typhoidal acalculous cholecystitis. In the current case, surgical invention was favoured due to failure of medical management. Conclusion. Clinical judgement dictated surgical intervention in this case of typhoidal acute acalculous cholecystitis, and cholecystectomy was safely performed. PMID:25054069

Rajan, Neeha; Motoroko, Imeldah; Udayasiri, Dilshan; McKenzie, Jo-Lyn; Tan, Jason S. C.; Tramontana, Adrian R.

2014-01-01

62

[Correction of hemocoagulation disorders in complicated forms of acute cholecystitis].  

PubMed

The comparative analysis of the low-molecular-weight heparin Clexane influence and the unfractionated heparin on the parameters of blood coagulation homeostasis in 70 patients with complicated forms of acute cholecystitis. The tendency for hypercoagulation is observed. Prophylactic use of Clexane in patients with complicated forms of acute cholecystitis, in comparison with unfractionated heparin, is accompanied by the decrease of coagulating potential of blood. PMID:12378928

Mishalov, V G; Terekhov, S N; Zaria, I L; Sukhovi?, M V; Semeniaka, V I; Aver'ianov, E V; Burnaeva, S V

2002-09-01

63

Symptomatic cholecystolithiasis after cholecystectomy.  

PubMed

A 43-year-old woman was admitted to the gastroenterology department with colicky pain in the upper abdomen. Four years earlier, she had undergone a laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of cholecystitis. She recognised her current complaints from that previous episode. An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a cavity with a diameter of 2 cm which contained multiple concrements near the liver hilus. An elective surgical exploration was performed. Near the clip of the previous cholecystectomy a bulging of the biliary tract with its own duct was visualised and resected. Histological examination of this "neo" gallbladder showed that the bulging was consistent with the formation of a reservoir secondary to bile leakage, probably caused by a small peroperative lesion of the common bile duct during the previous cholecystectomy. In conclusion, our patient presented with colicky pain caused by concrements inside a 'neo' gallbladder. PMID:23362056

van Dam, Paul M E L; Alexander, Shandrich M; Degreef, Ellen; Salemans, Jan M J I; Roumen, Rudi M H

2013-01-01

64

Circulating Endothelial-Derived Apoptotic Microparticles in the Patients with Ischemic Symptomatic Chronic Heart Failure: Relevance of Pro-Inflammatory Activation and Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background: Endothelial-derived apoptotic microparticles (EMPs) play a pivotal role in endothelial dysfunction in hronic Heart Failure (CHF). Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the association between EMPs and pro-inflammatory biomarkers, clinical status, and outcomes in the patients with ischemic CHF. Patients and Methods: This study was conducted on 154 patients with ischemic symptomatic moderate-to-severe CHF on discharge from hospital. The observation period was up to 3 years. Circulating NT-pro-BNP, TNF-alpha, sFas, and sFas ligand were determined at baseline. Flow cytometry analysis was used for quantifying the number of EMPs. All-cause mortality, CHF-related death, and CHD-re-hospitalization rate were examined. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Receive Operation Characteristic Curve (ROC), and logistic regression analysis. Besides, P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: During a median follow-up of 2.18 years, 21 participants died and 106 subjects were hospitalized repetitively. The results showed a significant difference between the patients with a large number of EMPs (> 0.514 n/mL) and those with a low level of the biomarker (< 0.514 n/mL) regarding their survival. The number of circulating EPMs independently predicted all-cause mortality (OR = 1.58; 95% CI = 1.20 – 1.88; P = 0.001), CHF-related death (OR = 1.22; 95% CI: 1.12 – 1.36; P < 0.001), and CHF-related re-hospitalization (OR = 1.20; 95% CI: 1.11 – 1.32; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Among the patients with symptoms of CHF, increased number of circulating EMPs was associated with increased 3-year CHF-related death, all-cause mortality, and risk of recurrent hospitalization due to CHF. PMID:25177675

Berezin, Alexander E.; Kremzer, Alexander A.; Samura, Tatayna A.; Martovitskaya, Yulia V.

2014-01-01

65

[Acute appendicitis mimicking cholecystitis. Case reports and review with focus on medicolegal aspects].  

PubMed

Since 1955 simultaneous presentation of acute appendicitis und acute cholecystitis have been described. These cases are understood as concomitance on the one hand and as imitation or induction of acute cholecystitis due to acute appendicitis. In laparoscopic surgery for inflammatory diseases, in particular acute cholecystitis, exploration of the entire abdomen should be more than cursory. In remarkable postoperative courses after cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis, acute appendicitis should be taken into account if it could not be excluded intraoperatively. PMID:24114418

Stapel, A; Grotz, M; Kirchner, R

2014-05-01

66

Hyalinizing cholecystitis and associated carcinomas: clinicopathologic analysis of a distinctive variant of cholecystitis with porcelain-like features and accompanying diagnostically challenging carcinomas.  

PubMed

We describe a clinicopathologically distinct subtype of cholecystitis, the extensively calcific version of which has been presented in the clinical literature as "porcelain gallbladder (PG)." This cholecystitis, which we propose to refer to as hyalinizing cholecystitis (HC), is characterized by dense, paucicellular hyaline fibrosis transforming the gallbladder (GB) wall into a relatively thin and uniform band. The process diffusely effaces most of the normal structures of GB, and some cases show calcifications. To determine the clinicopathologic associations of HC, we systematically analyzed 4231 cholecystectomies (606 of which had carcinoma) histopathologically, in addition to a targeted search in our databases. Ninety-six cases of HC were identified (1.6% of cholecystectomies). Patients with HC were a decade older than ordinary cholecystitis patients (56 vs. 47; P<0.001), suggesting that HC may be a long-term complication of chronic injury in some patients. Calcifications of variable amounts and degrees were identified in two thirds of the cases. In addition, 10 cases showed diffuse marked calcifications and were considered separately as "complete porcelain" GB. Thirty-eight HC cases had carcinoma with a calculated frequency of 15% and an odds ratio of cancer risk of 4.6. Only 42% of the invasive cases were associated with calcifications; none of the 10 diffusely calcific cases had carcinoma. HC-related carcinomas were challenging diagnostically. They did not form distinct masses or any significant thickening (mean thickness, 2.6 vs. 4.0 mm in ordinary adenocarcinomas; P<0.002). Microscopically, they had widely scattered and bland-appearing glands embedded in the thin band of hyaline stroma of HC, commonly showing a disappearing lining, leaving behind the granular, necrotic intraluminal debris (regression) with or without calcifications, which could be the only sign of cancer in some sections. The morphologic features that allowed the recognition of these glands as malignant included their longitudinal axis parallel to the surface, their irregular contours, clear cytoplasm with distinct borders, nuclear irregularities, and washed-off chromatin. Surface epithelium, if preserved (and it was not in most cases), typically showed carcinoma in situ of either denuding or micropapillary types. HC-associated carcinomas, with a median survival of 7 months, appeared to have a clinical course at least as aggressive as that of regular carcinomas (median survival 12 months; P=0.02). In conclusion, HC is a distinct clinicopathologic entity, which is often associated with carcinoma, and the carcinomas arising from this group are often very subtle and prone to misdiagnosis microscopically. As HC is typically devoid of epithelium, any glandular elements on the wall of HC should be regarded as a suspect for carcinoma. This study also confirms recent findings in the radiology literature-it is not the complete (diffusely calcific) PG that is associated with cancer. Instead, a distinct, histopathologically defined form of cholecystitis, HC with minimal or no calcifications (incomplete PG), is associated with invasive carcinoma. Thus, imaging protocols ought to focus on the correlates of HC rather than fixating on calcifications. Further studies into the pathogenesis of this process and its mechanisms of progression to carcinoma are warranted. PMID:21716080

Patel, Samip; Roa, Juan Carlos; Tapia, Oscar; Dursun, Nevra; Bagci, Pelin; Basturk, Olca; Cakir, Asli; Losada, Hector; Sarmiento, Juan; Adsay, Volkan

2011-08-01

67

Symptomatic sarcoidosis of skeletal muscle  

PubMed Central

Two patients with chronic sarcoid myopathy are described. Both were middle-aged females and both showed the features of pseudohypertrophy. In other aspects they contrasted markedly. In one (A.R.) the sheer volume of granuloma and its effect on muscle fibres was sufficient to explain the muscle weakness and electromyography confirmed a pure myopathy. In the other (J.W.) the muscle granuloma was sparsely distributed and an associated neuropathy contributed importantly to the disability. There was no clinical evidence of sarcoidosis of other organs in one (A.R.) but necropsy showed multisystem involvement. There was clinical and radiographic evidence of widespread sarcoidosis in the other (J.W.). Both patients showed an initial dramatic response to prednisolone. The reported literature of symptomatic muscle sarcoidosis is reviewed briefly. Images PMID:4772718

Douglas, A. C.; Macleod, J. G.; Matthews, J. D.

1973-01-01

68

A case of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis suspected to be adenocarcinoma based on the intraoperative peritoneal washing cytology?  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is a variant of chronic cholecystitis. XGC remains difficult to distinguish from gallbladder cancer radiologically and macroscopically. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 63-year-old female was referred to our hospital because of a gallbladder tumor. Abdominal CT and MRI revealed a thickened gallbladder that had an obscure border with the transverse colon. FDG-PET showed a high uptake of FDG in the gallbladder. Therefore, under the preoperative diagnosis of an advanced gallbladder cancer with invasion to the transverse colon, a laparotomy was performed. Because adenocarcinoma was suspected based on the intraoperative peritoneal washing cytology (IPWC), cholecystectomy and partial transverse colectomy were performed instead of radial surgery. However, the case was proven to be XGC with no malignant cells after the operation. DISCUSSION In patients with gallbladder cancer who underwent surgery in our institute from 2000 to 2009, the prognosis after the operation of patients with only positive IPWC tended to be better than that of patients with definitive peritoneal disseminated nodules. It is true that in some cases, it is difficult to differentiate XGC from gallbladder carcinoma pre- and intra-operatively. CONCLUSION Surgical procedures should be selected based on the facts that there are long-term survivors with gallbladder cancer diagnosed with positive IPWC, and that some patients with XGC are initially diagnosed to have carcinoma by IPWC, as was seen in our case. PMID:24531017

Ishii, Takamichi; Hatano, Etsuro; Yasuchika, Kentaro; Taura, Kojiro; Shirahase, Hiroyuki; Haga, Hironori; Uemoto, Shinji

2014-01-01

69

Techniques of biliary drainage for acute cholecystitis: Tokyo Guidelines.  

PubMed

The principal management of acute cholecystitis is early cholecystectomy. However, percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) may be preferable for patients with moderate (grade II) or severe (grade III) acute cholecystitis. For patients with moderate (grade II) disease, PTGBD should be applied only when they do not respond to conservative treatment. For patients with severe (grade III) disease, PTGBD is recommended with intensive care. Percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder aspiration (PTGBA) is a simple alternative drainage method with fewer complications; however, its clinical usefulness has been shown only by case-series studies. To clarify the clinical value of these drainage methods, proper randomized trials should be done. This article describes techniques of drainage for acute cholecystitis. PMID:17252296

Tsuyuguchi, Toshio; Takada, Tadahiro; Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Nimura, Yuji; Wada, Keita; Nagino, Masato; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Masahiro; Miura, Fumihiko; Tanaka, Atsushi; Yamashita, Yuichi; Hirota, Masahiko; Hirata, Koichi; Yasuda, Hideki; Kimura, Yasutoshi; Neuhaus, Horst; Strasberg, Steven; Pitt, Henry; Belghiti, Jacques; Belli, Giulio; Windsor, John A; Chen, Miin-Fu; Kim, Sun-Whe; Dervenis, Christos

2007-01-01

70

Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis due to Viral Hepatitis A  

PubMed Central

Inflammation of the gallbladder without evidence of calculi is known as acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC). AAC is frequently associated with gangrene, perforation, and empyema. Due to these associated complications, AAC can be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Medical or surgical treatments can be chosen according to the general condition of the patient, underlying disease and agent. Particularly in acute acalculous cholecystitis cases, early diagnosis and early medical treatment have a positive effect on the patient and protect them from surgical trauma. ACC is a rare complication of acute viral hepatitis A. Herein, we present an adult patient of acalculous cholecystitis due to acute viral hepatitis A. She responded to the conservative management. PMID:24106622

Kaya, Safak; Ay, Nurettin; Baysal, Birol; Bahadir, Mehmet Veysi; Onur, Arzu; Duymus, Recai

2013-01-01

71

Symptomatic Adrenal Myelolipoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven cases of adrenal myelolipoma comprising 5.8% of total adrenal tumors are described with a male-to-female ratio of 1.3:1. Five were symptomatic, of which 4 had a palpable abdominal mass, 2 cases detected incidentally were associated with carcinoma of the uterine cervix and renal cell carcinoma, respectively. The average age and duration of symptoms at presentation were 56 years (range

M. C. Sharma; S. Kashyap; R. Sharma; S. Chumber; R. Sood; R. Chahal

1997-01-01

72

Immediate laparoscopic cholecystectomy as definitive therapy for acute cholecystitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of immediate laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the management of acute calculous cholecystitis. A prospective data collection was performed on all patients admitted to one surgical service over a 2-year period. The patients were managed by a uniform protocol consisting of (1) preoperative ERCP when common duct stones were suspected;

J. S. Bender; M. E. Zenilman

1995-01-01

73

Acute acalculous cholecystitis complicating trauma: A prospective sonographic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a well known complication in severely traumatized patients. Existing data of AAC originate from retrospective analyses and episodic case reports. In a prospective study 45 polytraumatized patients admitted to our intensive care unit from January 1989 to June 1990 were clinically and sonographically screened for this condition at defined time intervals. Trauma scoring was performed

M. Imhof; J. Raunest; Ch. Ohmann; H.-D. Röher

1992-01-01

74

Eosinophilic Cystitis with Eosinophilic Cholecystitis: A Rare Association  

PubMed Central

We describe a rare case of eosinophilic cystitis associated with eosinophilic cholecystitis in a 30-year-old patient who underwent bladder biopsy for irritative voiding symptoms and routine elective cholecystectomy for gallstones. Diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological examination. The rarity of this condition prompted us to report this entity in which no specific cause could be found. PMID:24195001

Mallat, F.; Hmida, W.; Mestiri, S.; Ziadi, S.; Sriha, B.; Mokni, M.; Mosbah, F.

2013-01-01

75

Acute acalculous cholecystitis after abdominal wall repair (Rives-Stoppa).  

PubMed

Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a rare condition normally occurring in critically ill patients. Compared to acute calculous cholecystitis, AAC is associated with complications and has a worse outcome. Hence, knowledge of this condition is very important. We describe a case of a 31-year-old man who developed AAC after abdominal wall repair with mesh (Rives-Stoppa procedure) 1 day after discharge from the hospital. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper to report AAC after abdominal incisional hernia repair. Although it is known to be more common in critically ill patients, AAC can also occur postoperatively in outpatients. Early recognition and treatment of AAC may improve outcome. PMID:24739656

Reurings, Jurrian C; Diaz, Ruben P D; Penninga, Luit; Nellensteijn, David R

2014-01-01

76

TG13 miscellaneous etiology of cholangitis and cholecystitis.  

PubMed

This paper describes typical diseases and morbidities classified in the category of miscellaneous etiology of cholangitis and cholecystitis. The paper also comments on the evidence presented in the Tokyo Guidelines for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis (TG 07) published in 2007 and the evidence reported subsequently, as well as miscellaneous etiology that has not so far been touched on. (1) Oriental cholangitis is the type of cholangitis that occurs following intrahepatic stones and is frequently referred to as an endemic disease in Southeast Asian regions. The characteristics and diagnosis of oriental cholangitis are also commented on. (2) TG 07 recommended percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage in patients with cholestasis (many of the patients have obstructive jaundice or acute cholangitis and present clinical signs due to hilar biliary stenosis or obstruction). However, the usefulness of endoscopic naso-biliary drainage has increased along with the spread of endoscopic biliary drainage procedures. (3) As for biliary tract infections in patients who underwent biliary tract surgery, the incidence rate of cholangitis after reconstruction of the biliary tract and liver transplantation is presented. (4) As for primary sclerosing cholangitis, the frequency, age of predilection and the rate of combination of inflammatory enteropathy and biliary tract cancer are presented. (5) In the case of acalculous cholecystitis, the frequency of occurrence, causative factors and complications as well as the frequency of gangrenous cholecystitis, gallbladder perforation and diagnostic accuracy are included in the updated Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13). Free full-text articles and a mobile application of TG13 are available via http://www.jshbps.jp/en/guideline/tg13.html. PMID:23307005

Higuchi, Ryota; Takada, Tadahiro; Strasberg, Steven M; Pitt, Henry A; Gouma, Dirk J; Garden, O James; Büchler, Markus W; Windsor, John A; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Masahiro; Miura, Fumihiko; Kimura, Yasutoshi; Okamoto, Kohji; Gabata, Toshifumi; Hata, Jiro; Gomi, Harumi; Supe, Avinash N; Jagannath, Palepu; Singh, Harijt; Kim, Myung-Hwan; Hilvano, Serafin C; Ker, Chen-Guo; Kim, Sun-Whe

2013-01-01

77

No 72-hour pathological boundary for safe early laparoscopic cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis: a clinicopathological study  

PubMed Central

Background The pathological boundary of acute cholecystitis (AC) between early edematous and late chronic fibrotic inflammation beyond 72 h is well-described. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) is safe in AC but the timing still remains controversial. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of the duration of symptoms on clinical severity, pathology and outcome in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for AC during the urgent admission. Methods A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database of 61 patients who underwent LC for AC over a 6-month period was performed. Results Of 61 patients 21 (34.43%) received ELC at <72 h and 40 (65.57%) received late LC (LLC) at >72 h. Clinically in the ELC group the majority were mild and in the LLC group the majority were moderate and severe in severity grading as per Tokyo guidelines (P<0.001). Surgical findings and histopathology showed no significant difference in the distribution of simple, phlegmonous and gangrenous cholecystitis between both groups (P=0.94). The majority were completed by a standard four port technique and only one required subtotal cholecystectomy. There was no significant difference between operating time, return to normal activities or hospital stay between both groups. There were no conversions to open cholecystectomy, no wound infections, no intra-abdominal collections, no biliary tract injury or mortality in either group. Conclusions The degree of inflammatory change in AC is not dependent on time. LC can be safely performed in AC regardless of timing with a standardized surgical strategy in experienced units. PMID:24714318

Gomes, Rachel M.; Mehta, Niraj T.; Varik, Vanesha; Doctor, Nilesh H.

2013-01-01

78

Subtotal cholecystectomy and open total cholecystectomy: alternatives in complicated cholecystitis.  

PubMed

Subtotal cholecystectomy (SC) is an alternative to open total cholecystectomy (OTC) when variable anatomy or other intraoperative findings preclude safe dissection of Calot's triangle. The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes between SC and OTC in patients with complicated cholecystitis, cases that could not be completed with the original surgical approach and required intraoperative conversion to either SC or OTC. All cases of cholecystectomy converted to SC or OTC from January 2008 to December 2012 were retrospectively identified. Preoperative laboratory values, imaging studies, and clinical demographics were compared between the two groups. The outcome variables analyzed included hospital and intensive care unit length of stay as well as intraoperative complications. In this study, 214 cases of complicated cholecystitis were analyzed; 63 SC and 151 laparoscopic converted to OTC. From the SC group, 46 (73%) were converted to open, 12 (19%) were primary open, and five (8%) were done laparoscopically. There were no statistically significant differences in demographics, preoperative serologic markers, or intraoperative findings (P > 0.05). Five (3.3%) common bile duct (CBD) injuries occurred in the OTC group, whereas none occurred in the SC group. Overall there were 23 (15.2%) complications in the OTC group and nine (14.3%) in the SC group. The aggregate severe complication rate (CBD injury, vascular injury, gastrointestinal injury) was significantly higher in the OTC group (0.0 to 7.9%, P = 0.036). In conclusion, SC may be considered as a safe alternative in complicated cholecystitis. PMID:25264637

Kaplan, Daniel; Inaba, Kenji; Chouliaras, Konstantinos; Low, Garren M I; Benjamin, Elizabeth; Lam, Lydia; Grabo, Daniel; Demetriades, Demetrios

2014-10-01

79

Symptomatic Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Besides immunomodulation and immunosuppression, the specific treatment of symptoms is an essential component of the overall management of multiple sclerosis (MS). Symptomatic treatment is aimed at the elimination or reduction of symptoms impairing the functional abilities and quality of life of the affected patients. Moreover, with symptomatic treatment the development of a secondary physical impairment due to an existing one

T. Henze; P. Rieckmann; K. V. Toyka

2006-01-01

80

Topical tacrolimus in the treatment of symptomatic oral lichen planus: A series of 13 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a relatively common, chronic inflammatory condition, which frequently presents with symptoms of pain and irritation. OLP is often difficult to manage. Therefore there is a need for more effective and safer therapies for symptomatic OLP. Objective: Our purpose was to determine the effectiveness of topical tacrolimus as therapy for symptomatic OLP. Methods: A retrospective

Todd W. Rozycki; Roy S. Rogers; Mark R. Pittelkow; Marian T. McEvoy; Rokea A. el-Azhary; Alison J. Bruce; Joseph P. Fiore; Mark D. P. Davis

2002-01-01

81

Radiofrequency Ablation Treatment in Proximity to the Gallbladder Without Subsequent Acute Cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Initial reports have suggested that proximity of liver tumors to the gallbladder may increase the risk for cholecystitis after radiofrequency ablation. A colon adenocarcinoma metastasis to the liver in contact with the gallbladder was successfully treated with radiofrequency ablation without subsequent cholecystitis.

Patti, Jay W.; Neeman, Ziv, E-mail: zneeman@cc.hih.gov; Wood, Bradford J. [National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Building 10, Room 1C641, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)

2003-08-15

82

Diagnosis of acute acalculous cholecystitis: a comparison of sonography, scintigraphy, and CT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clinical and laboratory diagnosis of acute acalculous cholecystitis is difficult, and the reliability of various diagnostic imaging techniques has not been established. The results of several imaging procedures performed over a 6-year period on 56 patients with clinically suspected acute acalculous cholecystitis were evaluated retrospectively. Sonography and CT were both highly sensitive (92% and 100%, respectively) and specific (96%

S. E. Mirvis; Julian R. Vainright; Ava W. Nelson; Gerald S. Johnston; Robert Shorr; Aurelio Rodriguez; N. O. Whitley

1986-01-01

83

Salmonella cholecystitis: atypical presentation of a typical condition.  

PubMed

Salmonella cholecystitis is a rare but important complication of Salmonella typhi infection. We are reporting an 11 years old female child who presented with complaints of high-grade fever, jaundice and right sided abdominal pain (Charcot's triad). Her examination showed tender hepatomegaly. Initial blood results revealed high white cell counts with left shift, deranged liver function tests. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed distended gallbladder with minimal layer of sludge seen within its lumen along with streak of pericholecystic fluid. Blood culture grew Salmonella typhi. She was successfully treated with intravenous ceftriaxone. PMID:24169398

Ali, Rehan; Ahmed, Shakeel; Qadir, Maqbool; Atiq, Huba; Hamid, Muhammad

2013-11-01

84

Congenital bilobed gallbladder with phrygian cap presenting as calculus cholecystitis.  

PubMed

The incidence of congenital bilobed gall bladder is 1 in 3000 to 4000. A Phrygian cap is a congenital abnormality of the gallbladder with an incidence of 4%. Preferred mode of diagnosis for Phrygian cap is cholescintigraphy and multi phase MRI, as Ultrasonography and CT are not always conclusive. The estimated prevalence of gallstone disease in India has been reported as 2% to 29%. A case of bilobed gall bladder with Phrygian cap in both the lobes and pigment gallstone in one of the lobes presenting as calculus cholecystitis is reported for its rarity and difficulty in arriving at correct preoperaive diagnosis. PMID:25302235

Kannan, N S; Kannan, Usha; Babu, C P Ganesh

2014-08-01

85

Congenital Bilobed Gallbladder with Phrygian Cap Presenting as Calculus Cholecystitis  

PubMed Central

The incidence of congenital bilobed gall bladder is 1 in 3000 to 4000. A Phrygian cap is a congenital abnormality of the gallbladder with an incidence of 4%. Preferred mode of diagnosis for Phrygian cap is cholescintigraphy and multi phase MRI, as Ultrasonography and CT are not always conclusive. The estimated prevalence of gallstone disease in India has been reported as 2% to 29%. A case of bilobed gall bladder with Phrygian cap in both the lobes and pigment gallstone in one of the lobes presenting as calculus cholecystitis is reported for its rarity and difficulty in arriving at correct preoperaive diagnosis

Kannan, Usha; Babu, C.P. Ganesh

2014-01-01

86

TG13 current terminology, etiology, and epidemiology of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis.  

PubMed

While referring to the evidence adopted in the Tokyo Guidelines 2007 (TG07) as well as subsequently obtained evidence, further discussion took place on terminology, etiology, and epidemiological data. In particular, new findings have accumulated on the occurrence of symptoms in patients with gallstones, frequency of severe cholecystitis and cholangitis, onset of cholecystitis and cholangitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and medications, mortality rate, and recurrence rate. The primary etiology of acute cholangitis/cholecystitis is the presence of stones. Next to stones, the most significant etiology of acute cholangitis is benign/malignant stenosis of the biliary tract. On the other hand, there is another type of acute cholecystitis, acute acalculous cholecystitis, in which stones are not involved as causative factors. Risk factors for acute acalculous cholecystitis include surgery, trauma, burn, and parenteral nutrition. After 2000, the mortality rate of acute cholangitis has been about 10 %, while that of acute cholecystitis has generally been less than 1 %. After the publication of TG07, diagnostic criteria and severity assessment criteria were standardized, and the distribution of cases according to severity and comparison of clinical data among target populations have become more subjective. The concept of healthcare-associated infections is important in the current treatment of infection. The treatment of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis substantially differs from that of community-acquired infections. Cholangitis and cholecystitis as healthcare-associated infections are clearly described in the updated Tokyo Guidelines (TG13). Free full-text articles and a mobile application of TG13 are available via http://www.jshbps.jp/en/guideline/tg13.html. PMID:23307004

Kimura, Yasutoshi; Takada, Tadahiro; Strasberg, Steven M; Pitt, Henry A; Gouma, Dirk J; Garden, O James; Büchler, Markus W; Windsor, John A; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Masahiro; Miura, Fumihiko; Higuchi, Ryota; Gabata, Toshifumi; Hata, Jiro; Gomi, Harumi; Dervenis, Christos; Lau, Wan-Yee; Belli, Giulio; Kim, Myung-Hwan; Hilvano, Serafin C; Yamashita, Yuichi

2013-01-01

87

TG13 management bundles for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis.  

PubMed

Bundles that define mandatory items or procedures to be performed in clinical practice have been increasingly used in guidelines in recent years. Observance of bundles enables improvement of the prognosis of target diseases as well as guideline preparation. There were no bundles adopted in the Tokyo Guidelines 2007, but the updated Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13) have adopted this useful tool. Items or procedures strongly recommended in clinical practice have been prepared in the practical guidelines and presented as management bundles. TG13 defined the mandatory items for the management of acute cholangitis and acute cholecystitis. Critical parts of the bundles in TG13 include diagnostic process, severity assessment, transfer of patients if necessary, therapeutic approach, and time course. Their observance should improve the prognosis of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis. When utilizing TG13 management bundles, further clinical research needs to be conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and outcomes of the bundles. It is also expected that the present report will lead to evidence construction and contribute to further updating of the Tokyo Guidelines. Free full-text articles and a mobile application of TG13 are available via http://www.jshbps.jp/en/guideline/tg13.html. PMID:23307002

Okamoto, Kohji; Takada, Tadahiro; Strasberg, Steven M; Solomkin, Joseph S; Pitt, Henry A; Garden, O James; Büchler, Markus W; Yoshida, Masahiro; Miura, Fumihiko; Kimura, Yasutoshi; Higuchi, Ryota; Yamashita, Yuichi; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Gomi, Harumi; Kusachi, Shinya; Kiriyama, Seiki; Yokoe, Masamichi; Lau, Wan-Yee; Kim, Myung-Hwan

2013-01-01

88

Tissue Factor and Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor in Chronically Inflamed Gallbladder Mucosa  

PubMed Central

We characterised a tissue factor (TF) and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) expression in relation to severity of inflammatory infiltration of the gallbladder mucosa in a chronic cholecystitis. We prospectively studied the gallbladder specimens obtained from 54 patients who had undergone cholecystectomy due to chronic calculous cholecystitis and 16 calculosis-free gallbladder specimens obtained from patients who underwent cholecystectomy due to the polyp/polyps as well as in cases of gallbladder injury. To assess TF and TFPI immunoreactivity by immunohistochemistry, the monoclonal anti-human TF and TFPI antibodies were used. The inflammatory infiltration of the gallbladder mucosa was reflected by the number of CD3 and CD68 positive cells. The expression of TF and TFPI differed significantly between the cholecystitis and the control group. Most capillary endothelial cells of the cholecystitis group presented weak expression for TFPI. The mean number of CD3 positive lymphocytes in the cholecystitis group was 18.6 ± 12.2, but the mean number of CD68 positive cells was 29.7 ± 13.9. In the control sections, it was 3.1 ± 1.9 and 8.8 ± 3.9, respectively (P < 0.001). The results of the current study suggest that the tissue procoagulant state found may be engaged in the etiopathogenesis of the cholecystitis. PMID:24716194

Liczko, Jacek; Zaba, Malgorzata; Kurek, Jozef; Sabat, Daniel; Wyrobiec, Grzegorz; Domal-Kwiatkowska, Dorota; Dudek, Damian; Helewski, Krzysztof

2014-01-01

89

Tissue factor and tissue factor pathway inhibitor in chronically inflamed gallbladder mucosa.  

PubMed

We characterised a tissue factor (TF) and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) expression in relation to severity of inflammatory infiltration of the gallbladder mucosa in a chronic cholecystitis. We prospectively studied the gallbladder specimens obtained from 54 patients who had undergone cholecystectomy due to chronic calculous cholecystitis and 16 calculosis-free gallbladder specimens obtained from patients who underwent cholecystectomy due to the polyp/polyps as well as in cases of gallbladder injury. To assess TF and TFPI immunoreactivity by immunohistochemistry, the monoclonal anti-human TF and TFPI antibodies were used. The inflammatory infiltration of the gallbladder mucosa was reflected by the number of CD3 and CD68 positive cells. The expression of TF and TFPI differed significantly between the cholecystitis and the control group. Most capillary endothelial cells of the cholecystitis group presented weak expression for TFPI. The mean number of CD3 positive lymphocytes in the cholecystitis group was 18.6 ± 12.2, but the mean number of CD68 positive cells was 29.7 ± 13.9. In the control sections, it was 3.1 ± 1.9 and 8.8 ± 3.9, respectively (P < 0.001). The results of the current study suggest that the tissue procoagulant state found may be engaged in the etiopathogenesis of the cholecystitis. PMID:24716194

Liczko, Jacek; Stawski, Tomasz; Zaba, Ma?gorzata; Kurek, Józef; Sabat, Daniel; Wyrobiec, Grzegorz; Domal-Kwiatkowska, Dorota; Dudek, Damian; Kucharzewski, Marek; Helewski, Krzysztof

2014-01-01

90

Laparoscopic Resection of Symptomatic Gastric Diverticula  

PubMed Central

Gastric diverticula are rare and usually asymptomatic. This report, however, describes two examples of symptomatic gastric diverticula successfully treated by laparoscopic resection. Both patients were male and in their sixth decade of life. One patient was relatively healthy with no past medical history, whereas the other patient had chronic pain issues and at presentation was also undergoing evaluation for hyperaldosteronism. The patients presented with gastrointestinal symptoms, including nausea, emesis, abdominal pain, and change in bowel function. In both cases, a gastric diverticulum was identified by CT scan, and precise anatomic position was determined by upper endoscopy. After discussion with the treating teams, including a gastroenterologist and surgeon, surgical treatment and resection was elected. Successful laparoscopic removal was accomplished in both patients, and they were discharged home after tolerating liquid diets. Both patients reported resolution of their abdominal symptoms at follow-up. PMID:24680154

Zelisko, Andrea; Rodriguez, John; El-Hayek, Kevin

2014-01-01

91

PIPIDA scintigraphy for cholecystitis: false positives in alcoholism and total parenteral nutrition  

SciTech Connect

A review of gallbladder scintigraphy in patients with potentially compromised hepatobiliary function revealed two groups in whom cholecystitis might be mistakenly diagnosed. In 200 consecutive hospitalized patients studied with technetium-99m-PIPIDA for acute cholecystitis or cholestasis, there were 41 alcoholics and 17 patients on total parenteral nutrition. In 60% of the alcoholics and 92% of those on parenteral nutrition, absent or delayed visualization of the gallbladder occurred without physical or clinical evidence of cholecystitis. A cholecystagogue, sincalide, did not prevent the false-positive features which presumably are due to altered bile flow kinetics related to alcoholism and parenteral nutrition. Four patients on parenteral nutrition undergoing cholecystectomy for suspected cholecystitis had normal gallbladders filled with jellylike viscous thick bile. A positive (nonvisualized or delayed visualized) gallbladder PIPIDA scintigram in these two populations should not be interpreted as indicating a need for cholecystectomy.

Shuman, W.P.; Gibbs, P.; Rudd, T.G.; Mack, L.A.

1982-01-01

92

Acute Cholecystitis Caused by Malignant Cystic Duct Obstruction: Treatment with Metallic Stent Placement  

SciTech Connect

We report the successful management of acute cholecystitis using cystic duct stent placement in 3 patients with inoperable malignant cystic duct obstruction (2 cholangiocarcinoma and 1 pancreatic carcinoma). All patients underwent stent placement in the bile duct, using an uncovered stent in 2 and a covered stent in 1, to relieve jaundice occurring 8-184 days (mean 120 days) before the development of acute cholecystitis. The occluded cystic duct was traversed by a microcatheter and a stent was implanted 4-17 days (mean 12 days) after cholecystostomy. Acute cholecystitis was improved after the procedure in all patients. Two patients died 3 and 10 months later, while 1 has survived without cholecystitis for 22 months after the procedure to date.

Miyayama, Shiro, E-mail: s-miyayama@fukui.saiseikai.or.jp; Yamashiro, Masashi; Takeda, Taro; Aburano, Hiroyuki [Fukuiken Saiseikai Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Japan); Komatsu, Tetsuya [Fukuiken Saiseikai Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology (Japan); Sanada, Taku; Kosaka, Shotaro; Toya, Daisyu [Fukuiken Saiseikai Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine (Japan); Matsui, Osamu [Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Department of Radiology (Japan)

2008-07-15

93

Case of emphysematous cholecystitis in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus associated with schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Emphysematous cholecystitis is a rare, but life-threatening, form of acute cholecystitis caused by gas-forming organisms in the gallbladder. A 73-year-old male patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy associated with schizophrenia was admitted to Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan, because of a high fever and general malaise. On the fourth hospital day, despite normal liver function tests and little abdominal pain, his abdominal computed tomography showed huge gas formation in the gallbladder lumen along with a dilated gallbladder with a thickened wall, consistent with emphysematous cholecystitis. The patient underwent an emergency open cholecystectomy. Few abdominal symptoms appeared because of the hyposensitivity to pain caused by not only diabetic neuropathy, but also antipsychotic agents the patient was taking for schizophrenia. Emphysematous cholecystitis should be taken into consideration for the differential diagnosis of high fever in diabetic patients with schizophrenia, irrespective of the level of liver function tests and clinical symptoms. PMID:24843619

Ogawa, Ayu; Shikata, Kenichi; Uchida, Haruhito Adam; Shinoura, Susumu; Yokomichi, Naosuke; Ogawa, Daisuke; Sato-Horiguchi, Chicage; Yagi, Takahito; Wada, Jun; Makino, Hirofumi

2012-12-20

94

Gallbladder torsion resulting in gangrenous cholecystitis within a parastomal hernia: Findings on unenhanced CT  

PubMed Central

Gallbladder torsion is a rare cause of acute gangrenous cholecystitis; its occurrence within an abdominal hernia has not been previously reported. We present such a case occurring within a parastomal hernia and imaged with unenhanced CT. PMID:24421934

Rosenblum, Jessica K.; Dym, R. Joshua; Sas, Norman; Rozenblit, Alla M.

2013-01-01

95

Early cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis: a population-based retrospective cohort study of variation in practice  

PubMed Central

Background Despite evidence in favour of early cholecystectomy for most patients with acute cholecystitis, variation in practice has been reported across hospitals worldwide. We sought to characterize the extent and potential sources of variation in the performance of early cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis within a large regional health care system. Methods We used a population-based retrospective cohort design. The cohort was limited to adults with a first episode of acute cholecystitis, admitted through the emergency department. Patients were identified using administrative databases comprising all emergency department visits and hospital admissions in Ontario from 2004 to 2010. Patient and hospital characteristics associated with early cholecystectomy (within 7 d of emergency department presentation) were identified using multilevel logistic regression. Results We identified 24 437 patients admitted to 106 hospitals with a first episode of acute cholecystitis. Most (58%, n = 14 286) underwent early cholecystectomy. Rates of early cholecystectomy varied widely across hospitals (median 51%, interquartile range [IQR] 25%–72%), even among healthy patients aged 18–49 years with uncomplicated cholecystitis (median 74%, IQR 41%–88%). Multivariable multilevel analysis showed that hospitals in the lowest quartile for volume of acute cholecystitis admissions had the lowest adjusted odds of early cholecystectomy (odds ratio 0.53, 95% confidence interval 0.35–0.78) and that hospital effects accounted for half (27%) of the explained variation (53%) in early cholecystectomy. Interpretation Across the hospitals of a regional health care system, similar patients with acute cholecystitis did not receive comparable care. Hospital-specific initiatives should be considered to facilitate early cholecystectomy for patients with acute cholecystitis. PMID:25077105

Laupacis, Andreas; Rotstein, Ori D.; Hoch, Jeffrey S.; Haas, Barbara; Gomez, David; Zagorski, Brandon; Nathens, Avery B.

2013-01-01

96

Acute acalculous cholecystitis in a patient with juvenile dermatomyositis.  

PubMed

Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare autoimmune disease, characterised by a systemic capillary vasculopathy that typically affects skin and muscle. Gastrointestinal involvement is relatively rare. We report the case of an 11-year-old girl admitted for investigation of skin rash, progressive symmetric proximal muscle weakness, dysphagia and weight loss. The diagnosis of JDM was confirmed and during hospitalisation the patient developed abrupt and intense right hypocondrium pain associated with nausea and vomiting. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a thick gallbladder wall (8?mm) with pericholecystic fluid and no evidence of gallstones. An acute acalculous cholecystitis was assumed and the patient was started on intravenous fluids, prednisolone and analgaesic therapy. Clinical resolution was verified after 48?h. We hypothesised that the vasculitic process of JDM could have been the basis for this complication as described in other autoimmune diseases. PMID:25239990

Sanches, Bruno Fernandes; Martins, Teresa; Santos, Maria José; Azeredo, Paula

2014-01-01

97

Anicteric leptospirosis with pneumonitis, pericarditis and acalculous cholecystitis.  

PubMed

We report the case of a 19-year-old male patient admitted to hospital with fever, asthenia, vomiting, abdominal and chest pains, cough with yellowish sputum, and hypotension. Laboratory tests showed leukocytosis and high creatine phosphokinase levels, without hyperbilirubinaemia or renal failure. The tomographic images of the chest and abdomen showed a right basal pneumonia and acalculous cholecystitis. The electrocardiograms revealed significant characteristics of acute pericarditis. Specific serology for leptospirosis done in the second and third weeks of disease showed positive results. The use of ceftriaxone 1g intravenously, twice a day for 7 days, resulted in an overall clinic improvement. The role of the suspicion index for diagnosis of leptospirosis is emphasized in anicteric patients, as well as the unsuspected possibility of pulmonary, pericardial and gallbladder involvement. PMID:25269967

Santos, Vitorino Modesto dos; Santos, Uliana Medeiros dos; Gebrin, Daniela Gomes; Santos, Alessandra Maria Rodrigues Oliveira; Cancado, Ana Carolina Vieira

2014-09-01

98

Suspected acute cholecystitis. Comparison of hepatobiliary scintigraphy versus ultrasonography  

SciTech Connect

One hundred ninety-five patients with suspected acute cholecystitis (AC) underwent both hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) and static gray-scale ultrasonography (US) to assess the relative value of each imaging modality in this clinical setting. HBS was performed after the intravenous injection of 5 mCi /sup 99m/Tc iprofenin. Abnormal HBS indicative of AC visualized the common bile duct, but not the gallbladder, within 1 to 4 hours after tracer administration. Abnormal US indicative of AC demonstrated cholelithiasis and/or gallbladder wall edema. In this series, HBS surpassed US in sensitivity (98.3% versus 81.4%), specificity (90.2% versus 60.2%), predictive value of an abnormal test (91.4% versus 51.6%), and predictive value of a normal test (100% versus 92%), HBS should be the procedure of choice for the rapid detection of AC.

Freitas, J.E.; Mirkes, S.H.; Fink-Bennett, D.M.; Bree, R.L.

1982-08-01

99

TG13 antimicrobial therapy for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis.  

PubMed

Therapy with appropriate antimicrobial agents is an important component in the management of patients with acute cholangitis and/or acute cholecystitis. In the updated Tokyo Guidelines (TG13), we recommend antimicrobial agents that are suitable from a global perspective for management of these infections. These recommendations focus primarily on empirical therapy (presumptive therapy), provided before the infecting isolates are identified. Such therapy depends upon knowledge of both local microbial epidemiology and patient-specific factors that affect selection of appropriate agents. These patient-specific factors include prior contact with the health care system, and we separate community-acquired versus healthcare-associated infections because of the higher risk of resistance in the latter. Selection of agents for community-acquired infections is also recommended on the basis of severity (grades I-III). Free full-text articles and a mobile application of TG13 are available via http://www.jshbps.jp/en/guideline/tg13.html. PMID:23340954

Gomi, Harumi; Solomkin, Joseph S; Takada, Tadahiro; Strasberg, Steven M; Pitt, Henry A; Yoshida, Masahiro; Kusachi, Shinya; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Miura, Fumihiko; Kiriyama, Seiki; Yokoe, Masamichi; Kimura, Yasutoshi; Higuchi, Ryota; Windsor, John A; Dervenis, Christos; Liau, Kui-Hin; Kim, Myung-Hwan

2013-01-01

100

Percutaneous Cholecystostomy for Patients with Acute Cholecystitis and an Increased Surgical Risk  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate percutaneous cholecystostomy in patients with acute cholecystitis and an increased surgical risk. Methods: Thirty-three patients with acute cholecystitis (calculous, n= 22; acalculous, n= 11) underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy by means of a transhepatic (n= 21) or transperitoneal (n= 12) access route. Clinical and laboratory parameters were retrospectively studied to determine the benefit from cholecystostomy. Results: All procedures were technically successful. Twenty-two (67%) patients improved clinically within 48 hr; showing a significant decrease in body temperature (n= 13), normalization of the white blood cell count (n= 3), or both (n= 6). There were 6 (18%) minor/moderate complications (transhepatic access, n= 3; transperitoneal access, n= 3). Further treatment for patients with calculous cholecystitis was cholecystectomy (n= 9) and percutaneous and endoscopic stone removal (n= 8). Further treatment for patients with acalculous cholecystitis was cholecystectomy (n= 2) and gallbladder ablation (n= 2). There were 4 deaths (12%) either in hospital or within 30 days of drainage; none of the deaths was procedure-related. Conclusions: Percutaneous cholecystostomy is a safe and effective procedure for patients with acute cholecystitis. For most patients with acalculous cholecystitis percutaneous cholecystostomy may be considered a definitive therapy. In calculous disease this treatment is often only temporizing and a definitive surgical, endoscopic, or radiologic treatment becomes necessary.

Overhagen, Hans van; Meyers, Hjalmar [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Dijkzigt, Dr. Molewaterplein 40, NL-3015 GD Rotterdam (Netherlands); Tilanus, Hugo W.; Jeekel, Johannes [Department of Surgery, University Hospital Dijkzigt, Dr. Molewaterplein 40, NL-3015 Rotterdam (Netherlands); Lameris, Johan S. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Dijkzigt, Dr. Molewaterplein 40, NL-3015 GD Rotterdam (Netherlands)

1996-03-15

101

Definitions, pathophysiology, and epidemiology of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis: Tokyo Guidelines.  

PubMed

This article discusses the definitions, pathophysiology, and epidemiology of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis. Acute cholangitis and cholecystitis mostly originate from stones in the bile ducts and gallbladder. Acute cholecystitis also has other causes, such as ischemia; chemicals that enter biliary secretions; motility disorders associated with drugs; infections with microorganisms, protozoa, and parasites; collagen disease; and allergic reactions. Acute acalculous cholecystitis is associated with a recent operation, trauma, burns, multisystem organ failure, and parenteral nutrition. Factors associated with the onset of cholelithiasis include obesity, age, and drugs such as oral contraceptives. The reported mortality of less than 10% for acute cholecystitis gives an impression that it is not a fatal disease, except for the elderly and/or patients with acalculous disease. However, there are reports of high mortality for cholangitis, although the mortality differs greatly depending on the year of the report and the severity of the disease. Even reports published in and after the 1980s indicate high mortality, ranging from 10% to 30% in the patients, with multiorgan failure as a major cause of death. Because many of the reports on acute cholecystitis and cholangitis use different standards, comparisons are difficult. Variations in treatment and risk factors influencing the mortality rates indicate the necessity for standardized diagnostic, treatment, and severity assessment criteria. PMID:17252293

Kimura, Yasutoshi; Takada, Tadahiro; Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Nimura, Yuji; Hirata, Koichi; Sekimoto, Miho; Yoshida, Masahiro; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Wada, Keita; Miura, Fumihiko; Yasuda, Hideki; Yamashita, Yuichi; Nagino, Masato; Hirota, Masahiko; Tanaka, Atsushi; Tsuyuguchi, Toshio; Strasberg, Steven M; Gadacz, Thomas R

2007-01-01

102

Unusual cases of acute cholecystitis and cholangitis: Tokyo Guidelines.  

PubMed

Unusual cases of acute cholecystitis and cholangitis include (1) pediatric biliary tract infections, (2) geriatric biliary tract infections, (3) acalculous cholecystitis, (4) acute and intrahepatic cholangitis accompanying hepatolithiasis (5) acute biliary tract infection accompanying malignant pancreatic-biliary tumor, (6) postoperative biliary tract infection, (7) acute biliary tract infection accompanying congenital biliary dilatation and pancreaticobiliary maljunction, and (8) primary sclerosing cholangitis. Pediatric biliary tract infection is characterized by great differences in causes from those of adult acute biliary tract infection, and severe cases should be immediately referred to a specialist pediatric surgical unit. Because biliary tract infection in elderly patients, who often have serious systemic conditions and complications, is likely to progress to a serious form, early surgery or biliary drainage is necessary. Acalculous cholangitis, which often occurs in patients with serious concomitant conditions, such as those in intensive care units (ICUs) and those with disturbed cardiac, pulmonary, and nephric function, has a high mortality and poor prognosis. Cholangitis accompanying hepatolithiasis includes recurrent pyogenic cholangitis, an epidemic disease in Southeast Asia. Biliary tract infections, which often occur after a biliary tract operation and treatment of the biliary tract, may have a fatal outcome, and should be carefully observed. The causes of acute cholangitis associated with pancreaticobiliary maljunction differ before and after operation. Direct cholangiography is most useful in the diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis. If cholangiography visualizes a typical bile duct, differentiation from acute pyogenic cholangitis is easy. This article discusses the individual characteristics, diagnostic criteria, treatment guidelines, and prognosis of these unusual types of biliary tract infection. PMID:17252303

Yasuda, Hideki; Takada, Tadahiro; Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Nimura, Yuji; Hirata, Koichi; Kimura, Yasutoshi; Wada, Keita; Miura, Fumihiko; Hirota, Masahiko; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Masahiro; Nagino, Masato; Yamashita, Yuichi; Hilvano, Serafin C; Kim, Sun-Whe

2007-01-01

103

Symptomatic Autism in Childhood and Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The frequency of symptomatic autism in children with severe perceptual or intellectual handicaps is noted and early diagnosis and treatment urged to permit healthy child development. Highlighted are some common causes leading to symptomatic autism. (KW)

Easson, William M.

1971-01-01

104

TG13 diagnostic criteria and severity grading of acute cholecystitis (with videos).  

PubMed

Since its publication in 2007, the Tokyo Guidelines for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis (TG07) have been widely adopted. The validation of TG07 conducted in terms of clinical practice has shown that the diagnostic criteria for acute cholecystitis are highly reliable but that the definition of definite diagnosis is ambiguous. Discussion by the Tokyo Guidelines Revision Committee concluded that acute cholecystitis should be suspected when Murphy's sign, local inflammatory findings in the gallbladder such as right upper quadrant abdominal pain and tenderness, and fever and systemic inflammatory reaction findings detected by blood tests are present but that definite diagnosis of acute cholecystitis can be made only on the basis of the imaging of ultrasonography, computed tomography or scintigraphy (HIDA scan). These proposed diagnostic criteria provided better specificity and accuracy rates than the TG07 diagnostic criteria. As for the severity assessment criteria in TG07, there is evidence that TG07 resulted in clarification of the concept of severe acute cholecystitis. Furthermore, there is evidence that severity assessment in TG07 has led to a reduction in the mean duration of hospital stay. As for the factors used to establish a moderate grade of acute cholecystitis, such as leukocytosis, ALP, old age, diabetes, being male, and delay in admission, no new strong evidence has been detected indicating that a change in the criteria used in TG07 is needed. Therefore, it was judged that the severity assessment criteria of TG07 could be applied in the updated Tokyo Guidelines (TG13) with minor changes. TG13 presents new standards for the diagnosis, severity grading and management of acute cholecystitis. Free full-text articles and a mobile application of TG13 are available via http://www.jshbps.jp/en/guideline/tg13.html. PMID:23340953

Yokoe, Masamichi; Takada, Tadahiro; Strasberg, Steven M; Solomkin, Joseph S; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Gomi, Harumi; Pitt, Henry A; Garden, O James; Kiriyama, Seiki; Hata, Jiro; Gabata, Toshifumi; Yoshida, Masahiro; Miura, Fumihiko; Okamoto, Kohji; Tsuyuguchi, Toshio; Itoi, Takao; Yamashita, Yuichi; Dervenis, Christos; Chan, Angus C W; Lau, Wan-Yee; Supe, Avinash N; Belli, Giulio; Hilvano, Serafin C; Liau, Kui-Hin; Kim, Myung-Hwan; Kim, Sun-Whe; Ker, Chen-Guo

2013-01-01

105

Symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas during pregnancy.  

PubMed

Symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas during pregnancy are rare, as only 27 cases have been reported in the literature since 1948. However, symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas can be responsible for spinal cord compression, in which case they constitute a medical emergency, which raises management difficulties in the context of pregnancy. Pregnancy is a known factor responsible for deterioration of these vascular tumors. In this paper, the authors report 2 clinical cases of symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas during pregnancy, including 1 case of spontaneous fracture that has never been previously reported in the literature. The authors then present a brief review of the literature to discuss emergency management of this condition. The first case was a 28-year-old woman at 35 weeks of gestation, who presented with paraparesis. Spinal cord MRI demonstrated a vertebral hemangioma invading the body and posterior arch of T-3 with posterior epidural extension. Laminectomy and vertebroplasty were performed after cesarean section, allowing neurological recovery. The second case involved a 35-year-old woman who presented with spontaneous fracture of T-7 at 36 weeks of gestation, revealing a vertebral hemangioma with no neurological deficit, but it was responsible for pain and local instability. Treatment consisted of postpartum posterior interbody fusion. With a clinical and radiological follow-up of 2 years, no complications and no modification of the hemangiomas were observed. A review of the literature reveals discordant management of these rare cases, which is why the treatment course must be decided by a multidisciplinary team as a function of fetal gestational age and maternal neurological features. PMID:24605997

Moles, Alexis; Hamel, Olivier; Perret, Christophe; Bord, Eric; Robert, Roger; Buffenoir, Kevin

2014-05-01

106

Morphine-augmented cholescintigraphy in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Cholescintigraphy is a sensitive procedure for diagnosing or excluding acute cholecystitis. However, when rapid diagnosis is critical, the requirement for delayed images (4 hr or more after injection) to minimize the false-positive rate diminishes its utility. We prospectively evaluated 40 cholescintigraphic examinations that did not visualize the gallbladder 1 hr after injection of 99mTc diisopropyliminodiacetic acid. These examinations were then augmented by administration of IV morphine, followed by an additional 30 min of imaging. After the morphine, 18 of these examinations demonstrated visualization of the gallbladder; none subsequently required surgical exploration. Of the remaining 22, who demonstrated persistent nonvisualization of the gallbladder post-morphine, 11 were explored surgically and found to be abnormal. The 11 others were treated medically. Low-dose morphine administered when the gallbladder fails to visualize after 1 hr is a useful adjunct to conventional cholescintigraphy because it reduces the time required to obtain a diagnostic result and decreases the number of false-positive results.

Kim, E.E.; Pjura, G.; Lowry, P.; Nguyen, M.; Pollack, M.

1986-12-01

107

Cystic artery pseudo-aneurysm: a complication of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis.  

PubMed

A 54-year-old man presented for radiology with pain and a feeling of fullness in the upper abdomen and an epigastric mass. Ultrasound revealed a large cystic mass with internal echoes, lying posterior and inferior to left lobe of the liver. The gallbladder was thick-walled and contracted, and contained a calculus and echogenic sludge. A cystic structure that produced swirling flow signals on colour Doppler was demonstrated within the gallbladder. The CT scan showed a thickened gallbladder with adjacent inflammation and a 2-cm pseudo-aneurysm in its wall. High-density material was present in the gallbladder lumen, in the extra-hepatic bile ducts and around the gastrohepatic ligament. A thick haemorrhagic pus, from which Escherichia coli was cultured, was drained from the gastrohepatic collection. An elective coeliac angiogram demonstrated a solitary pseudo-aneurysm of the medial branch of the cystic artery. Selective catheterisation of this artery with a micro-catheter enabled complete exclusion of the pseudo-aneurysm by a single micro-coil. Histological examination of the gallbladder, which was ultimately removed at open cholecystectomy, demonstrated xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis. PMID:20675459

Ahmed, I; Tanveer, U H; Sajjad, Z; Munazza, B; Azeem, U D; Basit, S

2010-08-01

108

Gallbladder polyps, cholesterolosis, adenomyomatosis, and acute acalculous cholecystitis.  

PubMed

Acute acalculous cholecystitis is characterized by acute inflammation of the gallbladder in the absence of stones, usually occurring in elderly and critically ill patients with atherosclerosis, recent surgery or trauma, or hemodynamic instability. Patients may present with only unexplained fever, leukocytosis, and hyperamylasemia without right upper quadrant tenderness. If untreated, rapid progression to gangrene and perforation occurs. Surgical cholecystectomy and cholecystostomy provide the most definitive treatment although recent studies indicate success with percutaneous or endoscopic cholecystostomy. Cholesterolosis and adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder are usually clinically silent and incidental findings at the time of cholecystectomy. Cholesterolosis is characterized by mucosal villous hyperplasia with excessive accumulation of cholesterol esters within epithelial macrophages. Usually clinically silent, the condition rarely is associated with biliary symptoms or idiopathic pancreatitis and cannot reliably be detected by ultrasonography. Adenomyomatosis describes an acquired, hyperplastic lesion of the gallbladder characterized by excessive proliferation of surface epithelium with invaginations into a thickened muscularis propria. Ultrasonography may reveal a thickened gallbladder wall with intramural diverticula. Adenomyomatosis may portend a higher risk of gallbladder malignancy. Most cases of cholesterolosis and adenomyomatosis identified by imaging require no specific treatment. Gallbladder polyps include all mucosal projections into the gallbladder lumen and include cholesterol polyps, adenomyomas, inflammatory polyps, adenomas, and other miscellaneous polyps. Most polyps are nonneoplastic and rarely cause symptoms. Cholecystectomy is advocated for polyps greater than 10 mm in size because of increased risk of adenomatous or carcinomatous features. PMID:14719768

Owen, Charles C; Bilhartz, Lyman E

2003-10-01

109

IgG4-related cholecystitis presenting as biliary malignancy: report of three cases.  

PubMed

An increased awareness of IgG4-related diseases has led to an escalation in the number of sites known to be involved by this fibroinflammatory disease. We report three cases of IgG4-related cholecystitis which were thought to represent biliary malignancies both clinically and radiographically. All three cases underwent surgery tailored towards presumed malignant neoplasms. Only following pathologic examination was the true nature of the disease identified. Recognition of the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic presentation of IgG4-related cholecystitis is essential for the consideration of this disease process prior to surgical management for suspected gallbladder malignancies. However, the pre-operative diagnosis remains challenging and extensive surgical intervention is often necessary given the distressing presentation of IgG4-related cholecystitis. PMID:24944152

Feely, Michael M; Gonzalo, David H; Corbera, Montserrat; Hughes, Steven J; Trevino, Jose G

2014-09-01

110

Acute intermittent porphyria caused by novel mutation in HMBS gene, misdiagnosed as cholecystitis  

PubMed Central

Background Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is an autosomal dominant neurovisceral inherited disorder due to a defect in the heme biosynthesis pathway. Misdiagnosis of the porphyrias is not uncommon. Case report We present a case of a 26-year-old female with suspected acute cholecystitis, mental status changes, and seizures. Biochemical and molecular investigations confirmed the diagnosis of AIP by findings of elevated urinary porphobilinogen, 5-aminolevulinic acid, and total porphyrins. DNA molecular testing showed a novel heterozygous mutation (c. 760delC p.L254X) in the exon11 of the HMBS gene. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a misdiagnosis of AIP presenting with acute cholecystitis. Conclusion Clinicians are alerted to consider the possibility of AIP in an adult presenting with an acute abdomen, features of cholecystitis, and neuropsychiatric manifestations.

Alfadhel, Majid; Saleh, Neam; Alenazi, Helal; Baffoe-Bonnie, Henry

2014-01-01

111

Nonsurgical treatment for symptomatic nonparasitic liver cyst.  

PubMed

Liver cysts seldom become symptomatic. For the few requiring intervention, various surgical modalities have been described. Cyst fluid has been removed by simple needle aspiration. Injection of formalin into echinococcus cysts at time of operation is not uncommon. In an analogy to the treatment of kidney cysts, we evacuated a large symptomatic liver cyst by percutaneous drainage and instilled alcohol as a sclerosing agent. This simple procedure may be sufficient treatment for selected symptomatic nonparasitic liver cysts. PMID:3901732

Trinkl, W; Sassaris, M; Hunter, F M

1985-11-01

112

Long, Parallel Cystic Duct in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis: the Role of Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography  

PubMed Central

Congenital malformation of the gallbladder and cystic duct that cause operative difficulty are rare developmental abnormalities of embryogenesis. We report the case of a 47-year-old male patient who presented with right upper quadrant pain, tenderness, mild jaundice, moderately elevated liver function tests, and ultrasound evidence of acute calculus cholecystitis. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) excluded choledocholithiasis, but revealed the cystic duct anomaly. A difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed successfully. This is an unusual case of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for severe acute calculus cholecystitis in a patient with very low conjunction to the common bile duct (CBD) of a long, parallel cystic duct. PMID:19275859

Triantafyllou, Apostolos; Psarras, Kyriakos; Marakis, Georgios N.; Sakantamis, Athanasios K.

2008-01-01

113

Acute acalculous cholecystitis in a patient with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with sunitinib.  

PubMed

A 55-year old man was treated with sunitinib 50 mg/day for 4 weeks on and 2 weeks off, as a first-line therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. During the fourth week of the first cycle, he was admitted to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain and vomiting. Acute acalculous cholecystitis was diagnosed. Sunitnib-associated cholecystitis is a rare adverse event previously reported in few cases. The mechanism behind this complication is not fully understood, although vascular endothelial dysfunction may play a role. The use of this drug is expanding in clinical oncology, and physicians should be aware of this life-threating adverse event. PMID:24847435

da Fonseca, Leonardo Gomes; Barroso-Sousa, Romualdo; Sabbaga, Jorge; Hoff, Paulo Marcelo

2014-03-27

114

Symptomatic sacral perineurial (Tarlov) cysts.  

PubMed

Sacral perineurial (Tarlov) cysts are rare lesions. Over a seven year period 4000 patients underwent surgery for lumbar disk herniation. In three patients neurological symptoms were caused by large sacral perineurial cysts. Methods of choice for diagnosis of Tarlov cysts are lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography myelography. The majority of Tarlov cysts are asymptomatic. In case of large (> or = 1.5 cm) and symptomatic perineurial cyst, as in three patients reported in this article, microsurgical treatment was successful. Although rare, perineurial (Tarlov) cysts must be taken into consideration when approaching to patient with low back and radicular pain. Authors review the medical literature, pathological and pathophysiological features and treatment options of sacral perineurial cysts. PMID:20102100

Sajko, Tomislav; Kova?, Damir; Kudeli?, Nenad; Kovac, Lana

2009-12-01

115

A symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst -A case report-.  

PubMed

Lumbosacral perineural cysts are formed by the arachnoid membrane of the nerve root at the lumbosacral level. Most of these cysts are asymptomatic and are found incidentally during computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for other causes of chronic lower back pain. This type of cyst requires a differential diagnosis to distinguish it from other causes of radiating pain and neurological symptoms. In the present case, a symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst was found, and pain relief was achieved by non-surgical treatment. A lumbosacral perineural cyst was identified from a differential diagnosis of a lumbar disc disorder that presented as radiating pain and neurological symptoms. PMID:22679550

Choi, Byung Hee; Kim, Sae Young; Kim, Jin Mo

2012-05-01

116

A symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst -A case report-  

PubMed Central

Lumbosacral perineural cysts are formed by the arachnoid membrane of the nerve root at the lumbosacral level. Most of these cysts are asymptomatic and are found incidentally during computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for other causes of chronic lower back pain. This type of cyst requires a differential diagnosis to distinguish it from other causes of radiating pain and neurological symptoms. In the present case, a symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst was found, and pain relief was achieved by non-surgical treatment. A lumbosacral perineural cyst was identified from a differential diagnosis of a lumbar disc disorder that presented as radiating pain and neurological symptoms. PMID:22679550

Choi, Byung Hee; Kim, Jin Mo

2012-01-01

117

Management of symptomatic carotid disease in 2014.  

PubMed

Extracranial carotid artery stenosis accounts for up to 12 % of stroke, the third leading cause of death in industrialized nations. Carotid stenoses leading to transient or permanent neurologic or retinal symptoms within the preceding 6 months are deemed symptomatic and require prompt noninvasive evaluation and treatment. Preventive medical therapy is standard for symptomatic carotid stenosis and continues to evolve. Landmark trials have proven carotid endarterectomy (CEA) superior to medical therapy for stroke prevention in symptomatic lesions. Modern investigations have proven carotid artery stenting (CAS) non-inferior to CEA, and the strength of the combined data has led to a class I recommendation for CEA or CAS in patients with high grade symptomatic carotid stenosis, provided the risk of perioperative events is acceptable. Evidence-based modern management of symptomatic carotid stenosis is reviewed here. PMID:24464307

Litsky, Jason; Stilp, Erik; Njoh, Roland; Mena-Hurtado, Carlos

2014-03-01

118

Acute acalculous cholecystitis in severely traumatized patients: a prospective sonographic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Acute acalculous cholecystitis is a well known complication in severely traumatized patients. Existing data originate from retrospective analyses and episodic case reports. In a prospective ultrasonographic study 25 polytraumatized patients admitted to our intensive care unit between January 1, 1989, and December 31, 1989, were examined in daily intervals for this condition. Trauma scoring was performed according to the injury

M. Imhof; J. Raunest; U. Rauen; Ch. Ohmann

1992-01-01

119

Flowcharts for the diagnosis and treatment of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis: Tokyo Guidelines.  

PubMed

Diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for acute biliary inflammation/infection (acute cholangitis and acute cholecystitis), according to severity grade, have not yet been established in the world. Therefore we formulated flowcharts for the management of acute biliary inflammation/infection in accordance with severity grade. For mild (grade I) acute cholangitis, medical treatment may be sufficient/appropriate. For moderate (grade II) acute cholangitis, early biliary drainage should be performed. For severe (grade III) acute cholangitis, appropriate organ support such as ventilatory/circulatory management is required. After hemodynamic stabilization is achieved, urgent endoscopic or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage should be performed. For patients with acute cholangitis of any grade of severity, treatment for the underlying etiology, including endoscopic, percutaneous, or surgical treatment should be performed after the patient's general condition has improved. For patients with mild (grade I) cholecystitis, early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferred treatment. For patients with moderate (grade II) acute cholecystitis, early laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy is preferred. In patients with extensive local inflammation, elective cholecystectomy is recommended after initial management with percutaneous gallbladder drainage and/or cholecystostomy. For the patient with severe (grade III) acute cholecystitis, multiorgan support is a critical part of management. Biliary peritonitis due to perforation of the gallbladder is an indication for urgent cholecystectomy and/or drainage. Delayed elective cholecystectomy may be performed after initial treatment with gallbladder drainage and improvement of the patient's general medical condition. PMID:17252294

Miura, Fumihiko; Takada, Tadahiro; Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Nimura, Yuji; Wada, Keita; Hirota, Masahiko; Nagino, Masato; Tsuyuguchi, Toshio; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Masahiro; Strasberg, Steven M; Pitt, Henry A; Belghiti, Jacques; de Santibanes, Eduardo; Gadacz, Thomas R; Gouma, Dirk J; Fan, Sheung-Tat; Chen, Miin-Fu; Padbury, Robert T; Bornman, Philippus C; Kim, Sun-Whe; Liau, Kui-Hin; Belli, Giulio; Dervenis, Christos

2007-01-01

120

Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis in Patients With Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Treated With Sunitinib: Report of Two Cases  

PubMed Central

Although sunitinib is associated with a variety of adverse events, cases of sunitinib-related acute cholecystitis have rarely been reported. We herein report two cases of sunitinib-related acute acalculous cholecystitis in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma. In both cases, the gallbladder was surgically removed because it was difficult to improve the patient’s condition with the cessation of sunitinib and non-surgical treatment only. Attention must be paid to the possibility of sunitinib-related acute cholecystitis, which, although uncommon, can be life-threatening. PMID:24883158

Furubayashi, Nobuki; Negishi, Takahito; Hirata, Yu; Taguchi, Kenichi; Nakamura, Motonobu

2014-01-01

121

Progression of Tokyo Guidelines and Japanese Guidelines for management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis.  

PubMed

The Japanese Guidelines for management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis were published in 2005 as the first practical guidelines presenting diagnostic and severity assessment criteria for these diseases. After the Japanese version, the Tokyo Guidelines (TG07) were reported in 2007 as the first international practical guidelines. There were some differences between the two guidelines, and some weak points in TG07 were pointed out, such as low sensitivity for diagnosis and the presence of divergence between severity assessment and clinical judgment for acute cholangitis. Therefore, revisions were started to not only make them up to date but also concurrent with the same diagnostic and severity assessment criteria. The Revision Committee for the revision of TG07 (TGRC) performed validation studies of TG07 and new diagnostic and severity assessment criteria of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis. These were retrospective multi-institutional studies that collected cases of acute cholangitis, cholecystitis, and non-inflammatory biliary disease. TGRC held 35 meetings as well as international email exchanges with co-authors abroad and held three International Meetings. Through these efforts, TG13 improved the diagnostic sensitivity for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis, and presented criteria with extremely low false positive rates. Furthermore, severity assessment criteria adapted for clinical use, flowcharts, and many new diagnostic and therapeutic modalities were presented. The world's first management bundles of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis were also presented. The revised Japanese version was published with the same content as TG13. An electronic application of TG13 that can help to diagnose and assess the severity of these diseases using the criteria of TG13 was made for free download. PMID:24334691

Mayumi, Toshihiko; Someya, Kazuki; Ootubo, Hiroki; Takama, Tatsuo; Kido, Takashi; Kamezaki, Fumihiko; Yoshida, Masahiro; Takada, Tadahiro

2013-12-01

122

Multiple venous and arterial thromboses of the gallbladder causing acute cholecystitis. A previously undescribed complication of essential thrombocythemia.  

PubMed

Well established complications of essential thrombocythemia are multiple thrombohemorrhagic phenomena in various abdominal organs. We describe the case of a 22 year old man with essential thrombocythemia and thrombosis of the mesenteric and splenic veins as well as cavernomatous transformation of the portal vein. The patient also had a splenic infarction and a subphrenic hematoma. Additionally, he developed signs and symptoms of acute cholecystitis which in turn led to an open cholecystectomy. The gallbladder had a markedly thickened wall due to multiple recent and recanalized thrombi predominantly in subserosal veins. Only a few arteries were occluded by thrombi. A marked vascular proliferation in the subserosal connective tissue mimicking a hemangioma was most likely the result of collateral circulation. There was also a mild acute and chronic inflammatory infiltrate and edema in the lamina propria of the gallbladder. Hyperplasia of interstitial cells of Cajal in the lamina propria and between smooth muscle cells and proliferation of nerve trunks in the subserosal connective tissue adjacent to the thrombosed veins and arteries was also noted. To our knowledge this unique gallbladder thrombotic complication of essential thrombocythemia has not been previously reported. PMID:21677342

Picón-Coronel, Gabriela; Chablé-Montero, Fredy; Angeles-Ángeles, Arturo; Albores-Saavedra, Jorge

2011-01-01

123

Endoscopic gallbladder stenting for acute cholecystitis: a retrospective study of 46 elderly patients aged 65 years or older  

PubMed Central

Background Endoscopic transpapillary pernasal gallbladder drainage and endoscopic gallbladder stenting (EGS) have recently been reported to be useful in patients with acute cholecystitis for whom a percutaneous approach is contraindicated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of permanent EGS for management of acute cholecystitis in elderly patients who were poor surgical candidates. Methods We retrospectively studied 46 elderly patients aged 65 years or older with acute cholecystitis who were treated at Japan Labour Health and Welfare Organization Niigata Rosai Hospital. In 40 patients, acute cholecystitis was diagnosed by transabdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography, while 6 patients were transferred from other hospitals after primary management of acute cholecystitis. All patients underwent EGS, with a 7Fr double pig-tail stent being inserted into the gallbladder. If EGS failed, percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage or percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder aspiration was subsequently performed. The main outcome measure of this study was the efficacy of EGS. Results Permanent EGS was successful in 31 patients (77.5%) with acute cholecystitis, without any immediate postprocedural complications such as pancreatitis, bleeding, perforation, or cholangitis. The most common comorbidities of these patients were cerebral infarction (n=14) and dementia (n=13). In 30 of these 31 patients (96.7%), there was no recurrence of cholecystitis and 29 patients (93.5%) remained asymptomatic until death or the end of the study period (after 1 month to 5 years). Conclusions EGS can be effective for elderly patients with acute cholecystitis who are poor surgical candidates and can provide a solution for several years. PMID:23586815

2013-01-01

124

Symptomatic cardiac amyloidosis in an American family  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an American family with a high incidence of symptomatic cardiac amyloidosis among four siblings, and explores the role of echocardiography and technetium pyrophosphate myocardial scintigraphy in the detection of this infiltrative cardiomyopathy within the involved family.

Ruder, M.A.; Alpert, M.A.; Sanfelippo, J.F.; Dix, J.D.; Whiting, R.B.

1984-07-01

125

Laparoscopic Marsupialization of Symptomatic Polycystic Kidney Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeAlthough laparoscopic unroofing of simple renal cysts has proved to be an effective form of therapy, its use for treatment of multiple renal cysts or symptomatic autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease only recently has been investigated.

James A. Brown; Vicente E. Torres; Bernard F. King; Joseph W. Segura

1996-01-01

126

MRI-identified abnormalities and wrist range of motion in asymptomatic versus symptomatic computer users  

PubMed Central

Background Previous work has shown an association between restricted wrist range of motion (ROM) and upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in computer users. We compared the prevalence of MRI-identified wrist abnormalities and wrist ROM between asymptomatic and symptomatic computer users. Methods MR images at 1.5 T of both wrists were obtained from 10 asymptomatic controls (8 F, 2 M) and 14 computer users (10 F, 4 M) with chronic wrist pain (10 bilateral; 4 right-side). Maximum wrist range of motion in flexion and radioulnar deviation was measured with an electrogoniometer. Results Extraosseous ganglia were identified in 66.6% of asymptomatic wrists and in 75% of symptomatic wrists. Intraosseous ganglia were identified in 45.8% of asymptomatic wrists and in 75% of symptomatic wrists, and were significantly (p < .05) larger in the symptomatic wrists. Distal ECU tendon instability was identified in 58.4% of both asymptomatic and symptomatic wrists. Dominant wrist flexion was significantly greater in the asymptomatic group (68.8 ± 6.7 deg.) compared to the symptomatic group (60.7 ± 7.3 deg.), p < .01. There was no significant correlation between wrist flexion and intraosseous ganglion burden (p = .09) Conclusions This appears to be the first MRI study of wrist abnormalities in computer users. This study demonstrates that a variety of wrist abnormalities are common in computer users and that only intraosseous ganglia prevalence and size differed between asymptomatic and symptomatic wrists. Flexion was restricted in the dominant wrist of the symptomatic group, but the correlation between wrist flexion and intraosseous ganglion burden did not reach significance. Flexion restriction may be an indicator of increased joint loading, and identifying the cause may help to guide preventive and therapeutic interventions. PMID:21108817

2010-01-01

127

Endoscopic resection of a symptomatic os trigonum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to describe our technique and results of arthroscopic resection of a symptomatic os trigonum via two posterior portals in 10 cases. Between 1999 and 2005 we treated 10 patients with endoscopic resection of a symptomatic os trigonum. The age ranged between 19 and 32 years (average 25.9). The average follow-up was 25 months (6–61 months). Time interval

Joerg Jerosch; Mohie Fadel

2006-01-01

128

Anorectal pressure in patients with symptomatic hemorrhoids  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was carried out on 30 patients with symptomatic internal hemorrhoids and 20 normal controls. The anal sphincter\\u000a pressure was studied before and after surgery. A significantly high anal pressure was found in all patients with symptomatic\\u000a internal hemorrhoids, when compared with normal controls, and there was no relation between this increase and the degree of\\u000a hemorrhoids. One week

Mohamed Abdel-Fattah El-Gendi; Nabil Abdel-Baky

1986-01-01

129

Anal manometric findings in symptomatic hemorrhoids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anal manometric findings were studied in 50 patients with symptomatic hemorrhoids and an equal number of age- and sex-matched\\u000a control subjects. Manometry was performed with a continuously perfused catheter by the continuous pull-through technique.\\u000a Both the control subjects and patients had significant negative collerations between age and basal pressure;i.e., basal pressure was lower with advancing age. Patients with symptomatic hemorrhoids

Kari-Matti Hiltunen; Martti Matikainen

1985-01-01

130

[Tarlov cyst and symptomatic bladder disfuction].  

PubMed

Tarlov cysts or perineural cyst are lesions of the nerve roots located at the sacral level and uncertain aetiology. Most of these cysts remain asymptomatic with no clinical relevance. The symptomatic cysts are uncommon and the usual symptoms are pain or radiculopathy. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman witha symptomatic cyst (with a history of frequency and urgency syndrom), that disappears after surgery. PMID:19143297

Ruibal Moldes, M; Sánchez Rodríguez-Losada, J; López García, D; Casas Agudo, V; Janeiro País, J M; González Martín, M

2008-01-01

131

Single-incision vs three-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy for complicated and uncomplicated acute cholecystitis  

PubMed Central

AIM: To compare the clinical outcome of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) and three-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (3ILC) for acute cholecystitis. METHODS: From July 2009 to September 2012, 136 patients underwent SILC or 3ILC for acute cholecystitis at a tertiary referral hospital. One experienced surgeon performed every procedure using 5 or 10 mm 30-degree laparoscopes, straight instruments, and conventional ports. Five patients with perforated gallbladder and diffuse peritonitis and 23 patients with mild acute cholecystitis were excluded. The remaining 108 patients were divided into complicated and uncomplicated groups according to pathologic findings. Patient demography, clinical data, operative results and complications were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty patients with gangrenous cholecystitis, gallbladder empyema, or hydrops were classified as the complicated group, and 58 patients with acute cholecystitis were classified as the uncomplicated group. Twenty-three (46.0%) of the patients in the complicated group (n = 50) and 39 (67.2%) of the patients in the uncomplicated group (n = 58) underwent SILC; all others underwent 3ILC. The postoperative length of hospital stay (PLOS) was significantly shorter in the SILC subgroups than the 3ILC subgroups (3.5 ± 1.1 d vs 4.6 ± 1.3 d, P < 0.01 in the complicated group; 2.9 ± 1.1 d vs 3.7 ± 1.4 d, P < 0.05 in the uncomplicated group). The maximum body temperature recorded at day 1 and at day 2 following the procedure was lower in the SILC subgroups, but the difference reached statistical significance only in the uncomplicated group (37.41 ± 0.56?°C vs 37.80 ± 0.72?°C, P < 0.05 on postoperative day 1; 37.10 ± 0.43?°C vs 37.57 ± 0.54?°C, P < 0.01 on postoperative day 2). The operative time, estimated blood loss, postoperative narcotic use, total length of hospital stay, conversion rates, and complication rates were similar in both SILC and 3ILC subgroups. The complicated group had longer operative time (122.2 ± 35.0 min vs 106.6 ± 43.6 min, P < 0.05), longer PLOS (4.1 ± 1.3 d vs 3.2 ± 1.2 d, P < 0.001), and higher conversion rates (36.0% vs 19.0%, P < 0.05) compared with the uncomplicated group. CONCLUSION: SILC is safe and efficacious for patients with acute cholecystitis. The main benefit is a faster recovery than that achieved with 3ILC. PMID:24282363

Chuang, Shu-Hung; Chen, Pai-Hsi; Chang, Chih-Ming; Lin, Chih-Sheng

2013-01-01

132

TG13: Updated Tokyo Guidelines for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis.  

PubMed

In 2007, the Tokyo Guidelines for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis (TG07) were first published in the Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery. The fundamental policy of TG07 was to achieve the objectives of TG07 through the development of consensus among specialists in this field throughout the world. Considering such a situation, validation and feedback from the clinicians' viewpoints were indispensable. What had been pointed out from clinical practice was the low diagnostic sensitivity of TG07 for acute cholangitis and the presence of divergence between severity assessment and clinical judgment for acute cholangitis. In June 2010, we set up the Tokyo Guidelines Revision Committee for the revision of TG07 (TGRC) and started the validation of TG07. We also set up new diagnostic criteria and severity assessment criteria by retrospectively analyzing cases of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis, including cases of non-inflammatory biliary disease, collected from multiple institutions. TGRC held meetings a total of 35 times as well as international email exchanges with co-authors abroad. On June 9 and September 6, 2011, and on April 11, 2012, we held three International Meetings for the Clinical Assessment and Revision of Tokyo Guidelines. Through these meetings, the final draft of the updated Tokyo Guidelines (TG13) was prepared on the basis of the evidence from retrospective multi-center analyses. To be specific, discussion took place involving the revised new diagnostic criteria, and the new severity assessment criteria, new flowcharts of the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis, recommended medical care for which new evidence had been added, new recommendations for gallbladder drainage and antimicrobial therapy, and the role of surgical intervention. Management bundles for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis were introduced for effective dissemination with the level of evidence and the grade of recommendations. GRADE systems were utilized to provide the level of evidence and the grade of recommendations. TG13 improved the diagnostic sensitivity for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis, and presented criteria with extremely low false positive rates adapted for clinical practice. Furthermore, severity assessment criteria adapted for clinical use, flowcharts, and many new diagnostic and therapeutic modalities were presented. The bundles for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis are presented in a separate section in TG13. Free full-text articles and a mobile application of TG13 are available via http://www.jshbps.jp/en/guideline/tg13.html. PMID:23307006

Takada, Tadahiro; Strasberg, Steven M; Solomkin, Joseph S; Pitt, Henry A; Gomi, Harumi; Yoshida, Masahiro; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Miura, Fumihiko; Gouma, Dirk J; Garden, O James; Büchler, Markus W; Kiriyama, Seiki; Yokoe, Masamichi; Kimura, Yasutoshi; Tsuyuguchi, Toshio; Itoi, Takao; Gabata, Toshifumi; Higuchi, Ryota; Okamoto, Kohji; Hata, Jiro; Murata, Atsuhiko; Kusachi, Shinya; Windsor, John A; Supe, Avinash N; Lee, SungGyu; Chen, Xiao-Ping; Yamashita, Yuichi; Hirata, Koichi; Inui, Kazuo; Sumiyama, Yoshinobu

2013-01-01

133

A patient presenting with symptomatic hypomagnesemia caused by metformin-induced diarrhoea: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Metformin is licensed for treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2. This report describes a patient on metformin who developed diarrhoea and symptomatic hypomagnesemia. To the author's knowledge, this is the first report on metformin-induced symptomatic hypomagnesemia. Case presentation The patient was a 57-year old Caucasian male with diabetes mellitus type 2. He had been on metformin for nine years and presented with chronic diarrhoea, spasms, paresthesias, pain, and malaise. Blood tests revealed hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, and hypokalemia. Conclusion Drugs associated with diarrhoea may induce malabsorption. If malabsorption is substantial it may result in further symptoms of clinical importance. In some cases potentially life-threatening conditions may occur. PMID:19946527

2009-01-01

134

The role of technetium-99m iminodiacetic acid (IDA) cholescintigraphy in acute acalculous cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Technetium-99m iminodiacetic acid (IDA) cholescintigraphy was performed in 15 patients with acute acalculous cholecystitis. Fourteen of the 15 patients with acute disease had positive findings, indicating the presence of cystic duct or common duct obstruction. One case in which the gallbladder was visualized failed to respond to sincalide stimulation; this was classified as a suggestive finding of disease. The diagnostic accuracy of /sup 99//sup m/Tc-IDA cholescintigraphy was far superior to the other imaging studies used (8 sonograms, 1 intravenous cholangiogram, 3 oral cholecystograms, 1 percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram). The /sup 99//sup m/Tc-IDA study is recommended as the imaging procedure of choice for examining patients with suspected acute acalculous cholecystitis.

Weissmann, H.S. (Montefiore Hospital and Medical Center, Bronx, NY); Berkowitz, D.; Fox, M.S.; Gliedman, M.L.; Rosenblatt, R.; Sugarman, L.A.; Freeman, F.M.

1983-01-01

135

The role of technetium-99m iminodiacetic acid (IDA) cholescintigraphy in acute acalculous cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

Technetium-99m iminodiacetic acid (IDA) cholescintigraphy was performed in 15 patients with acute acalculous cholecystitis. Fourteen of the 15 patients with acute disease had positive findings, indicating the presence of cystic duct or common duct obstruction. One case in which the gallbladder was visualized failed to respond to sincalide stimulation; this was classified as a suggestive finding of disease. The diagnostic accuracy of /sup 99m/Tc-IDA cholescintigraphy was far superior to the other imaging studies used (8 sonograms, 1 intravenous cholangiogram, 3 oral cholecystograms, 1 percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram). The /sup 99m/Tc-IDA study is recommended as the imaging procedure of choice for examining patients with suspected acute acalculous cholecystitis.

Weissmann, H.S.; Berkowitz, D.; Fox, M.S.; Gliedman, M.L.; Rosenblatt, R.; Sugarman, L.A.; Freeman, L.M.

1983-01-01

136

Diagnosis of acute acalculous cholecystitis: a comparison of sonography, scintigraphy, and CT  

SciTech Connect

The clinical and laboratory diagnosis of acute acalculous cholecystitis is difficult, and the reliability of various diagnostic imaging techniques has not been established. The results of several imaging procedures performed over a 6-year period on 56 patients with clinically suspected acute acalculous cholecystitis were evaluated retrospectively. Sonography and CT were both highly sensitive (92% and 100%, respectively) and specific (96% and 100%, respectively). Hepatobiliary scintigraphy was compromised by frequent false-positives; the result was a specificity of only 38%. Percutaneous bile aspiration was insufficiently sensitive (33%) for diagnosis. Sonography was as sensitive as hepatobiliary scintigraphy and was more specific in establishing the diagnosis. Because sonography is relatively inexpensive and can be performed at the bedside, it should be regarded as a satisfactory screening procedure. However, CT is a good alternative in an easily transported patient when other intraabdominal disease is suspected.

Mirvis, S.E.; Vainright, J.R.; Nelson, A.W.; Johnston, G.S.; Shorr, R.; Rodriguez, A.; Whitley, N.O.

1986-12-01

137

Multiple ileal perforations and concomitant cholecystitis with gall bladder gangrene as complication of typhoid fever  

PubMed Central

Surgical complications of typhoid fever usually involve the small gut, but infrequently typhoid fever also involves the gallbladder. Complications range from acalculous cholecystitis, gangrene to perforation. Here, we present a case of enteric fever with concomitant complication of multiple ileal perforations at its terminal part with acalculous cholecystistis with gangrenous gall bladder. The primary closure of the perforations and cholecystectomy was performed. Post-operatively patient developed low-output faecal fistula that was managed conservatively. PMID:25037301

Pandove, Paras K.; Moudgil, Ashish; Pandove, Megha; Aggarwal, Kamna; Sharda, Divya; Sharda, Vijay K.

2014-01-01

138

Multiple ileal perforations and concomitant cholecystitis with gall bladder gangrene as complication of typhoid fever.  

PubMed

Surgical complications of typhoid fever usually involve the small gut, but infrequently typhoid fever also involves the gallbladder. Complications range from acalculous cholecystitis, gangrene to perforation. Here, we present a case of enteric fever with concomitant complication of multiple ileal perforations at its terminal part with acalculous cholecystistis with gangrenous gall bladder. The primary closure of the perforations and cholecystectomy was performed. Post-operatively patient developed low-output faecal fistula that was managed conservatively. PMID:25037301

Pandove, Paras K; Moudgil, Ashish; Pandove, Megha; Aggarwal, Kamna; Sharda, Divya; Sharda, Vijay K

2014-01-01

139

TG13 flowchart for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis.  

PubMed

We propose a management strategy for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis according to the severity assessment. For Grade I (mild) acute cholangitis, initial medical treatment including the use of antimicrobial agents may be sufficient for most cases. For non-responders to initial medical treatment, biliary drainage should be considered. For Grade II (moderate) acute cholangitis, early biliary drainage should be performed along with the administration of antibiotics. For Grade III (severe) acute cholangitis, appropriate organ support is required. After hemodynamic stabilization has been achieved, urgent endoscopic or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage should be performed. In patients with Grade II (moderate) and Grade III (severe) acute cholangitis, treatment for the underlying etiology including endoscopic, percutaneous, or surgical treatment should be performed after the patient's general condition has been improved. In patients with Grade I (mild) acute cholangitis, treatment for etiology such as endoscopic sphincterotomy for choledocholithiasis might be performed simultaneously, if possible, with biliary drainage. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the first-line treatment in patients with Grade I (mild) acute cholecystitis while in patients with Grade II (moderate) acute cholecystitis, delayed/elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy after initial medical treatment with antimicrobial agent is the first-line treatment. In non-responders to initial medical treatment, gallbladder drainage should be considered. In patients with Grade III (severe) acute cholecystitis, appropriate organ support in addition to initial medical treatment is necessary. Urgent or early gallbladder drainage is recommended. Elective cholecystectomy can be performed after the improvement of the acute inflammatory process. Free full-text articles and a mobile application of TG13 are available via http://www.jshbps.jp/en/guideline/tg13.html. PMID:23307003

Miura, Fumihiko; Takada, Tadahiro; Strasberg, Steven M; Solomkin, Joseph S; Pitt, Henry A; Gouma, Dirk J; Garden, O James; Büchler, Markus W; Yoshida, Masahiro; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Okamoto, Kohji; Gomi, Harumi; Kusachi, Shinya; Kiriyama, Seiki; Yokoe, Masamichi; Kimura, Yasutoshi; Higuchi, Ryota; Yamashita, Yuichi; Windsor, John A; Tsuyuguchi, Toshio; Gabata, Toshifumi; Itoi, Takao; Hata, Jiro; Liau, Kui-Hin

2013-01-01

140

The need for new "patient-related" guidelines for the treatment of acute cholecystitis  

PubMed Central

Heterogeneity of patients affected by acute cholecystitis, and their co-morbidities make very difficult to standardize the therapy for this very common condition. The staging system suggested in the recent "Tokyo guidelines", did not show a relevant impact on the management of patients and on the outcome of the disease. The relation among local pathological picture, patient clinical status and treatment algorithm, has to be better studied. PMID:22192618

2011-01-01

141

The need for new "patient-related" guidelines for the treatment of acute cholecystitis.  

PubMed

Heterogeneity of patients affected by acute cholecystitis, and their co-morbidities make very difficult to standardize the therapy for this very common condition. The staging system suggested in the recent "Tokyo guidelines", did not show a relevant impact on the management of patients and on the outcome of the disease. The relation among local pathological picture, patient clinical status and treatment algorithm, has to be better studied. PMID:22192618

Campanile, Fabio C; Catena, Fausto; Coccolini, Federico; Lotti, Marco; Piazzalunga, Dario; Pisano, Michele; Ansaloni, Luca

2011-01-01

142

Dissection of the gallbladder from the liver bed during laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute or subacute cholecystitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current literature suggests that early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute cholecystitis (AC) can be safely performed\\u000a within 72 h of symptom onset. However, for various reasons, in clinical practice, fibrosed gallbladders are frequently encountered\\u000a during early LC for AC. The subserosal layer of the gallbladder wall can be divided into an inner and an outer layer. The\\u000a inner layer has

Goro Honda; Tomohiro Iwanaga; Masanao Kurata

2008-01-01

143

TG13 indications and techniques for gallbladder drainage in acute cholecystitis (with videos).  

PubMed

Percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) is considered a safe alternative to early cholecystectomy, especially in surgically high-risk patients with acute cholecystitis. Although randomized prospective controlled trials are lacking, data from most retrospective studies demonstrate that PTGBD is the most common gallbladder drainage method. There are several alternatives to PTGBD. Percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder aspiration is a simple alternative drainage method with fewer complications; however, its clinical usefulness has been shown only by case-series studies. Endoscopic naso-gallbladder drainage and gallbladder stenting via a transpapillary endoscopic approach are also alternative methods in acute cholecystitis, but both of them have technical difficulties resulting in lower success rates than that of PTGBD. Recently, endoscopic ultrasonography-guided transmural gallbladder drainage has been reported as a special technique for gallbladder drainage. However, it is not yet an established technique. Therefore, it should be performed in high-volume institutes by skilled endoscopists. Further prospective evaluations of the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of these various approaches are needed. This article describes indications and techniques of drainage for acute cholecystitis.Free full-text articles and a mobile application of TG13 are available via http://www.jshbps.jp/en/guideline/tg13.html. PMID:23307009

Tsuyuguchi, Toshio; Itoi, Takao; Takada, Tadahiro; Strasberg, Steven M; Pitt, Henry A; Kim, Myung-Hwan; Supe, Avinash N; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Masahiro; Miura, Fumihiko; Gomi, Harumi; Kimura, Yasutoshi; Higuchi, Ryota; Okamoto, Kohji; Yamashita, Yuichi; Gabata, Toshifumi; Hata, Jiro; Kusachi, Shinya

2013-01-01

144

Operative Timing of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis in a Japanese Institute  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives: In patients with acute cholecystitis who cannot undergo early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (within 72 hours), 6 weeks to 12 weeks after onset is widely considered the optimal timing for delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, there has been no clear consensus about it. We aimed to determine optimal timing for delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Methods: Medical records of 100 patients who underwent standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into group 1, patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy within 72 hours of onset; group 2, between 4 days to 14 days; group 3, between 3 weeks to 6 weeks; group 4, >6 weeks. Results: No significant differences existed between groups in conversion rate to open surgery, operation time, blood loss, or postoperative morbidity, and hospital stay. However, total hospital stay in groups 1 and 2 was significantly shorter than that in groups 3 and 4 (P<.01). In addition, the total hospital stay in group 3 was also significantly shorter than that in group 4 (P<.01). Conclusions: Best timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis may be within 72 hours, and the delayed timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients who cannot undergo early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is probably as soon as possible after they can tolerate laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:22906333

Iwashita, Yukio; Yada, Kazuhiro; Ogawa, Tadashi; Kai, Seiichiro; Ishio, Tetsuya; Shibata, Kohei; Matsumoto, Toshifumi; Bandoh, Toshio; Kitano, Seigo

2012-01-01

145

Gallbladder torsion-induced emphysematous cholecystitis in a 16-year-old boy.  

PubMed

The patient was a 16-year-old boy who had turned to the right rapidly as he fielded a baseball that had come to him quickly. Two days after this event, which occurred in July 2004, he was admitted to hospital with repeated vomiting and increasing right hypochondralgia. Laboratory examination on admission showed elevation of the white blood count and of serum C-reactive protein and total bilirubin. Computed tomography on admission demonstrated an enlarged gallbladder and a thickened wall without gallstones, and magnetic resonance imaging performed 1 day later showed air within the gallbladder wall. His symptoms worsened, with a positive Murphy's sign, and emergency laparotomy was performed, with a diagnosis of emphysematous cholecystitis. Intraoperatively, the gallbladder was dark red, necrotic, distended, and enlarged. The cystic duct was attached only to the mesentery, and the gallbladder was floating freely, with the neck of the gallbladder having rotated 180 degrees counterclockwise, leading to a definitive diagnosis of gallbladder torsion with emphysematous cholecystitis. Cholecystectomy was performed, and analysis of bile showed Escherichia coli to be the causative organism. Histopathologic examination revealed necrotized cholecystitis. The patient is doing well 25 months after surgery, with an uneventful postoperative course. PMID:18040631

Tanaka, Shogo; Kubota, Daisuke; Oba, Kazuki; Lee, Sang Hun; Yamamoto, Takatsugu; Uenishi, Takahiro; Tanaka, Hiromu; Kubo, Shoji; Matsuyama, Mitsuharu

2007-01-01

146

Hepatic Helicobacter species identified in bile and gallbladder tissue from chileans with chronic cholecystitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background & Aims: Cancer of the gallbladder is the number one cause of cancer mortality in Chilean women. Incidence rates for this tumor vary widely on a worldwide basis, being approximately 30 times higher in high-risk than in low-risk populations, suggesting that environmental factors such as infectious microorganisms, carcinogens, and nutrition play a role in its pathogenesis. Because several Helicobacter

James G. Fox; Floyd E. Dewhirst; Zeli Shen; Yan Feng; Nancy S. Taylor; Bruce J. Paster; Rebecca L. Ericson; Carol N. Lau; Pelayo Correa; Juan C. Araya; Ivan Roa

1998-01-01

147

Endovascular Treatment of Symptomatic Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease  

PubMed Central

Symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) is responsible for approximately 10% of all ischemic strokes in the United States. The risk of recurrent stroke may be as high as 35% in patient with critical stenosis >70% in diameter narrowing. Recent advances in medical and endovascular therapy have placed ICAD at the forefront of clinical stroke research to optimize the best medical and endovascular approach to treat this important underlying stroke etiology. Analysis of symptomatic ICAD studies lead to the question that whether angioplasty and/or stenting is a safe, suitable, and efficacious therapeutic strategy in patients with critical stenoses that are deemed refractory to medical management. Most of the currently available data in support of angioplasty and/or stenting in high risk patients with severe symptomatic ICAD is in the form of case series and randomized trial results of endovascular therapy versus medical treatment are awaited. This is a comprehensive review of the state of the art in the endovascular approach with angioplasty and/or stenting of symptomatic ICAD. PMID:21359195

Short, Jody L.; Majid, Arshad; Hussain, Syed I.

2011-01-01

148

Laser treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The treatment of lower urinary symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) after failure of medical therapies remains controversial for most urologic surgeons. The complications of traditional surgery are the driving force behind the development of several minimally invasive treatments of symptomatic BPH. Laser prostatectomy is one of the most investigated such modalities. In this article we reviewed the results

Ehab A. Elzayat; Mostafa M. Elhilali

2006-01-01

149

Arthroscopy of symptomatic total knee replacements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between December 1983 and August 1992, 21 knees in 19 patients with symptomatic total knee replacements were arthroscopically diagnosed. The average time between total knee replacement and arthroscopy was 20 months (ranging from 4 to 84 months). All patients were primary total knee replacements. Metal bars, 5 and 8 mm in diameter and 40 cm in length, were made for

Dae K. Bae; Hong K. Lee; Jong H. Cho

1995-01-01

150

Symptomatic internal hernias after laparoscopic bariatric surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence and clinical characteristics of symptomatic internal hernias (IH) after laparoscopic bariatric procedures. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of cases of IH after 1,064 laparoscopic gastric bypasses (LGB) and biliopancreatic diversions with duodenal switch (LBPD-DS) performed from September 1998 to August 2002. Results: We documented 35 cases of IH

E. Comeau; M. Gagner; W. B. Inabnet; D. M. Herron; T. M. Quinn; A. Pomp

2005-01-01

151

Double-blind comparison of liquid antacid and placebo in the treatment of symptomatic reflux esophagitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although antacids have been the mainstay of pharmacologic therapy for reflux esophagitis, their effectiveness has not been tested in a placebo-controlled double-blind trial. We report a double-blind comparison of liquid antacid vs placebo in the treatment of reflux esophagitis in 32 patients with chronic heartburn. Entry criteria included the presence of symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux confirmed by both an acid perfusion

David Y. Graham; David J. Patterson

1983-01-01

152

Efficacy of beta-blocker therapy in symptomatic athletes with exercise-induced intra-ventricular gradients  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Upright exercise stress echocardiography (SE) induces significant intraventricular gradient (IVG) and systolic anterior motion (SAM) in a large proportion of symptomatic athletes, who may therefore benefit from a negative inotropic therapy. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of chronic oral ? blocker therapy on the occurrence of exercise-induced IVG and mitral valve SAM, in

Carlos Cotrim; Luís R Lopes; Ana R Almeida; Rita Miranda; Almeida G Ana; Hortense Cotrim; José P Andrade; Eugenio Picano; Manuel Carrageta

2010-01-01

153

A case report of acute acalculous cholecystitis due to Salmonella Paratyphi B complicated by biliary peritonitis  

PubMed Central

Non-typhoidal salmonella are a rare case of acute acalculouscholecystitis (AAC). Salmonella Paratyphi B, which accounts for one of the less invasive NTS serotypes, has rarely been reported to cause cholecystitis. We describe a case of 65-year old previously healthy man, who present with signs of acute abdomen, due to biliary peritonitis as a complication of acute acalculouscholecystitis caused by Salmonella paratyphi B. Our case illustrates the potential severity of infection with Salmonella Paratyphi B especially in older patient. High index of awarenessshould be considered in endemic areas. PMID:24839535

Benjelloun, El Bachir; Chbani, Leila; Toughrai, Iman; Ousadden, Abdelmalek; Mazaz, Khalid; Taleb, Kahlid Ait

2013-01-01

154

Can group B streptococci cause symptomatic vaginitis?  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Maternal cervicovaginal colonization with Lancefield group B streptococci (GBS) is an important risk factor for neonatal morbidity and mortality. About 15% of women are carriers of GBS. Usually, they are asymptomatic. CASES: We describe two patients with symptomatic vaginitis for which no apparent cause was found. Both patients were heavily colonized with GBS. After antibiotic treatment, both became asymptomatic and culture negative, but after recolonization with GBS, symptoms resumed. This phenomenon was repeatedly observed. After emergence of resistance to antibiotics, local application of chlorhexidine appeared to be the only useful treatment. CONCLUSION: We hypothesize that GBS-vaginitis may be a possible disease entity. Although at present it is not clear why some patients become symptomatic, we speculate that the immunologic response is somehow selectively hampered in such patients. PMID:10449271

Honig, E; Mouton, J W; van der Meijden, W I

1999-01-01

155

Development of a duodenal gallstone ileus with gastric outlet obstruction (Bouveret syndrome) four months after successful treatment of symptomatic gallstone disease with cholecystitis and cholangitis: a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Cases of gallstone ileus account for 1% to 4% of all instances of mechanical bowel obstruction. The majority of obstructing gallstones are located in the terminal ileum. Less than 10% of impacted gallstones are located in the duodenum. A gastric outlet obstruction secondary to a gallstone ileus is known as Bouveret syndrome. Gallstones usually enter the bowel through a

Arnd Giese; Jürgen Zieren; Guido Winnekendonk; Bernhard F Henning

2010-01-01

156

Symptomatic Radionecrosis after AVM Stereotactic Radiosurgery.  

PubMed Central

Summary The purpose of our study was to analyze the outcome of symptomatic radionecrosis following stereotactic radiosurgery for brain arteriovenous malformations. Of 225 patients treated by linear accelerator radiosurgery for brain AVM, 16 (7,1%) presented post-radiosurgery symptomatic radionecrosis on a mean follow-up period of 50 months (range 1-123 months). Once diagnosed with radionecrosis, 14 of 16 patients were subjected to high dose corticotherapy consisting of escalating doses of dexamethasone for several weeks. The mean interval of occurrence of new symptoms was 11.6 months post-radiosurgery (range 6-20 months). The mean time of follow-up was 2.9 years post radiotherapy ranging from seven months to eight years. Of the 16 patients with symptomatic radionecrosis, 11 (68,75%) showed complete resolution of symptoms while five (31,25%) showed improvement but still presented a neurological deficit at the closing date of the study. At the closing date, 11 patients (68.75%) had angiographically completely obliterated arteriovenous malformations while another two patients had an obliteration of 95% to 98% and one patient had a 98% obliteration with development of a new contralateral AVM. In our series, symptomatic radionecrosis occurred in 7.1% of patients treated with stereotactic radiosurgery for brain AVM. These patients where subjected to a prompt, high dose corticosteroid treatment and most presented symptom resolution or improvement with a fair obliteration rate, offering protection from bleeding. Permanent neurologic deficits attributable to radionecrosis occurred in 2.2% of our patient population treated with stereotactic radiosurgery for brain AVM. PMID:20584432

Finitsis, S.; Anxionnat, R.; Bracard, S.; Lebedinsky, A.; Marchal, C.; Picard, L.

2005-01-01

157

Uterine artery embolization for symptomatic uterine myomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the role of uterine artery embolization as treatment for symptomatic uterine myomas.Design: Medline literature review, cross-reference of published data, and review of selected meeting abstracts.Result(s): Results from clinical series have shown a consistent short-term reduction in uterine size, subjective improvement in uterine bleeding, and reduced pain following treatment. Posttreatment hospitalization and recovery tend to be shorter after

Bradley S Hurst; Daniel J Stackhouse; Michelle L Matthews; Paul B Marshburn

2000-01-01

158

Management of Symptomatic Sacral Perineural Cysts  

PubMed Central

Background There has been no consensus on the optimal treatment of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts. Most previous reports concerning the management methods were either sporadic case reports or a series of limited cases. This study is to further optimize the management for patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts by analyzing the outcomes of a cohort of patients who were treated with different strategies. Methods and Findings We reviewed the outcomes of 15 patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts who were managed by three different modalities from 1998 through 2010. Six patients underwent microsurgical cyst fenestration and cyst wall imbrication. Seven patients underwent a modified surgical procedure, during which the cerebrospinal fluid leak aperture was located and repaired. Two patients were treated with medication and physical therapy. Outcomes of the patients were assessed by following up (13 months to 10 years). All of the six patients treated with microsurgical cyst fenestration and cyst wall imbrication experienced complete or substantial relief of their preoperative symptoms. However, the symptoms of one patient reappeared eight months after the operation. Another patient experienced a postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Six of the seven patients treated with the modified surgical operation experienced complete or substantial resolution of their preoperative symptoms, with only one patient who experienced temporary worsening of his preoperative urine incontinence, which disappeared gradually one month later. No new postoperative neurological deficits, no cerebrospinal fluid leaks and no recurrence were observed in the seven patients. The symptoms of the two patients treated with conservative measures aggravated with time. Conclusions Microsurgical operation should be a treatment consideration in patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts. Furthermore, the surgical procedure with partial cyst removal and aperture repair for prevention of cerebrospinal fluid leakage seemed to be more simple and effective. PMID:22768183

Xu, Jianqiang; Sun, Yongdong; Huang, Xin; Luan, Wenzhong

2012-01-01

159

Symptomatic Tarlov Cyst Following Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage  

PubMed Central

Most of Tarlov or perineurial cysts remain asymptomatic throughout the patient's life. The pathogenesis is still unclear. Hemorrhage has been suggested as one of the possible causes and trauma with resultant hemorrhage into subarachnoid space has been suggested as an origin of these cysts. However, Tarlov cysts related to spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage has not been reported. The authors report a case of Tarlov cyst which was symptomatic following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. PMID:22053232

Kong, Woo Keun; Hong, Seung-Koan

2011-01-01

160

Symptomatic tarlov cyst following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage.  

PubMed

Most of Tarlov or perineurial cysts remain asymptomatic throughout the patient's life. The pathogenesis is still unclear. Hemorrhage has been suggested as one of the possible causes and trauma with resultant hemorrhage into subarachnoid space has been suggested as an origin of these cysts. However, Tarlov cysts related to spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage has not been reported. The authors report a case of Tarlov cyst which was symptomatic following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. PMID:22053232

Kong, Woo Keun; Cho, Keun-Tae; Hong, Seung-Koan

2011-08-01

161

Symptomatic subclavian artery occlusion: a case study.  

PubMed

Although symptomatic upper extremity ischemia due to subclavian artery occlusion is uncommon, it is a recognized syndrome in the vascular literature. When it does occur, significant functional disabilities can result. Carotid-subclavian bypass is one approach to revascularization of the ischemic upper extremity. Nurses should be aware of the signs and symptoms of subclavian artery occlusion, the appropriate assessments, pre-op and post-op interventions, and educational needs of these patients. PMID:1772774

Kowallek, D L

1991-12-01

162

Xanthogranulomatous Cholecystitis Masquerading as Gallbladder Cancer: Can It Be Diagnosed Preoperatively?  

PubMed Central

Background. Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is often misdiagnosed as gallbladder cancer (GBC). We aimed to determine the preoperative characteristics that could potentially aid in an accurate diagnosis of XGC masquerading as GBC. Methods. An analysis of patients operated upon with a preoperative diagnosis of GBC between January 2008 and December 2012 was conducted to determine the clinical and radiological features which could assist in a preoperative diagnosis of XGC. Results. Out of 77 patients who underwent radical cholecystectomy, 16 were reported as XGC on final histopathology (Group A), while 60 were GBC (Group B). The incidences of abdominal pain, cholelithiasis, choledocholithiasis, and acute cholecystitis were significantly higher in Group A, while anorexia and weight loss were higher in Group B. On CT, diffuse gallbladder wall thickening, continuous mucosal line enhancement, and submucosal hypoattenuated nodules were significant findings in Group A. CT findings on retrospect revealed at least one of these findings in 68.7% of the cases. Conclusion. Differentiating XGC from GBC is difficult, and a definitive diagnosis still necessitates a histopathological examination. An accurate preoperative diagnosis requires an integrated review of clinical and characteristic radiological features, the presence of which may help avoid radical resection and avoidable morbidity in selected cases.

Rammohan, Ashwin; Cherukuri, Sathya D.; Sathyanesan, Jeswanth; Palaniappan, Ravichandran; Govindan, Manoharan

2014-01-01

163

Cholecystitis caused by infiltration of immature myeloid cells: a case report.  

PubMed

A 59-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome who was hospitalized for evaluation of fever and generalized fatigue had elevated levels of C-reactive protein and pancytopenia. A search for a site of infection and empiric treatment with antibiotics were unsuccessful. Over 5 to 6 weeks right upper quadrant pain and rebound tenderness developed. Sonographic Murphys sign was present. Computed tomography showed thickening of the gallbladder wall, and repeated ultrasonography demonstrated changes consistent with cholecystitis. Open cholecystectomy was performed as an emergency procedure. Macroscopically the resected gallbladder showed an edematous and thickened wall. Histopathologic examination revealed transmural infiltration by atypical mononuclear cells with distinct nuclei. The cells showed immunohistochemical staining for CD15, indicating myeloid lineage. By 10 days after surgery, counts of leukocytes and leukoblasts had markedly increased, reaching 36,700/microL and 76.0%, respectively. The blast crisis was thought to indicate progression from myelodysplastic syndrome to leukemia. The patient died of progressive disease 12 days after surgery. We have described a rare case of acute cholecystitis caused by infiltration of immature myeloid cells to the gallbladder. An acute abdomen complicating hematologic disorders is life-threatening and requires prompt and appropriate treatment. PMID:16641535

Shimizu, Tetsuya; Tajiri, Takashi; Akimaru, Koho; Arima, Yasuo; Yokomuro, Shigeki; Yoshida, Hiroshi; Mamada, Yasuhiro; Taniai, Nobuhiko; Mizuguchi, Yoshiaki; Kawahigashi, Yutaka; Naito, Zenya

2006-04-01

164

A case of severe acalculous cholecystitis associated with sorafenib treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.  

PubMed

Sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor, is the first and only drug, which improves significantly the overall survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, many patients experience diverse side effects, some of them severe and unexpected. To date, acute acalculous cholecystitis has not been documented in association with a HCC patient treated with sorafenib. Here, we report the case of a 43-year-old woman with hepatitis C virus-related advanced HCC. She received sorafenib, and later complained of a sudden onset of severe right hypocondrial pain with rebound tenderness and muscle defense. Laboratory examination showed mild elevation of transaminases, biliary enzymes, bilirubin, inflammation markers, and a marked peripheral eosinophilia. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a swollen gallbladder with exudate associated with severe inflammation without stones or debris. Consequently, sorafenib treatment was stopped immediately, and steroid-pulse therapy was performed. Steroid therapy drastically improved all clinical manifestations along with normalization of CT findings, eosinophilia, and liver functions. In summary, we herein report a rare case of acute severe acalculous cholecystitis associated with sorafenib in the patient with advanced HCC. PMID:22645635

Aihara, Yosuke; Yoshiji, Hitoshi; Yamazaki, Masaharu; Ikenaka, Yasuhide; Noguchi, Ryuichi; Morioka, Chie; Kaji, Kosuke; Tastumi, Haruki; Nakanishi, Keisuke; Nakamura, Maiko; Yamao, Junichi; Toyohara, Masahisa; Mitoro, Akira; Sawai, Masayoshi; Yoshida, Motoyuki; Fujimoto, Masao; Uemura, Masahito; Fukui, Hiroshi

2012-05-15

165

Symptomatic and asymptomatic candidiasis in a pediatric intensive care unit  

PubMed Central

Introduction This study aimed to examine the incidence, epidemiology, and clinical characteristics of symptomatic and asymptomatic candidiasis in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and to determine the risk factors associated with symptomatic candidiasis. Methods This retrospective study included 67 patients from a 7-bed PICU in a tertiary care hospital that had Candida-positive cultures between April 2007 and July 2009. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients, Candida isolates, antimicrobial and antifungal treatments, and previously identified risk factors for symptomatic candidiasis were recorded, and symptomatic and asymptomatic patients were compared. Results In all, 36 (53.7%) of the patients with Candida-positive cultures had asymptomatic candidiasis and 31 (46.3%) had symptomatic candidiasis. Candida albicans was the most common Candida sp. in the asymptomatic patients (n = 20, 55.6%), versus Candida parapsilosis in the symptomatic patients (n = 15, 48.4%). The incidence of central venous catheter indwelling, blood transfusion, parenteral nutrition, and surgery was higher in the symptomatic patient group than in the asymptomatic patient group (P < 0.5). Surgery was the only independent predictor of symptomatic candidiasis according to forward stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis (OR: 6.1; 95% CI: 1.798-20.692). Conclusion Surgery was the only risk factor significantly associated with symptomatic candidiasis and non-albicans Candida species were more common among the patients with symptomatic candidiasis. While treating symptomatic candidiasis in any PICU an increase in the incidence of non-albicans candidiasis should be considered. PMID:22104492

2011-01-01

166

Symptomatic hypotonic hyponatremia presenting at high altitude.  

PubMed

We present a case of altered mental status and seizure that occurred at an altitude known to cause high altitude-related illnesses. Based on the presenting symptoms, the patient was initially transferred to the hospital with a presumptive diagnosis of high altitude cerebral edema. On review of imaging and laboratory data, she was found to be experiencing symptomatic hypotonic hyponatremia. This case presented an interesting diagnostic challenge and underscores the importance of maintaining a broad differential diagnosis when evaluating a patient with altered mental status from an alpine setting. PMID:24411978

Spano, Susanne J; Reagle, Zacharia; Evans, Timothy

2014-03-01

167

Clinical experience of symptomatic sacral perineural cyst.  

PubMed

Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion and are usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon but sometimes require surgical treatment. A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the buttock. He was diagnosed as having a sacral cyst with magnetic resonance imaging. For the nonoperative diagnosis and treatment, caudal peridurography and block were performed. After the treatment, the patient's symptom was relieved. We suggest a caudal peridural block is effective in relieving pain from a sacral cyst. PMID:22787551

Jung, Ki Tae; Lee, Hyun Young; Lim, Kyung Joon

2012-07-01

168

Clinical Experience of Symptomatic Sacral Perineural Cyst  

PubMed Central

Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion and are usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon but sometimes require surgical treatment. A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the buttock. He was diagnosed as having a sacral cyst with magnetic resonance imaging. For the nonoperative diagnosis and treatment, caudal peridurography and block were performed. After the treatment, the patient's symptom was relieved. We suggest a caudal peridural block is effective in relieving pain from a sacral cyst. PMID:22787551

Jung, Ki Tae; Lee, Hyun Young

2012-01-01

169

Symptomatic Morgagni Hernia Misdiagnosed As Chilaiditi Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Chilaiditi syndrome, symptomatic interposition of bowel beneath the right hemidiaphragm, is uncommon and usually managed without surgery. Morgagni hernia is an uncommon diaphragmatic hernia that generally requires surgery. In this case a patient with a longstanding diagnosis of bowel interposition (Chilaiditi sign) presented with presumed Chilaiditi syndrome. Abdominal computed tomography was performed and revealed no bowel interposition; instead, a Morgagni hernia was found and surgically repaired. Review of the literature did not reveal similar misdiagnosis or recommendations for advanced imaging in patients with Chilaiditi sign or syndrome to confirm the diagnosis or rule out other potential diagnoses. PMID:21691487

Vallee, Phyllis A.

2011-01-01

170

MRI of symptomatic sacral perineural cyst.  

PubMed

Sacral perineural cyst is a relatively rare condition. To our knowledge, reports of MR findings associated with sacral perineural cyst have been limited to only six cases. We present for the first time high field MR findings in a case of sacral perineural cyst. The cyst appeared as a cystic lesion in the sacral spinal canal and had intermediate signal intensity on T1W images and high signal intensity on T2*W images compared with CSF. Slight erosion remodeling of the sacrum was also seen anteriorly. Our case was symptomatic and present with radiculopathy (sciatic pain). Surgical treatment was done to result in dramatic improvement of the sciatic pain. PMID:1337620

Araki, Y; Tsukaguchi, I; Ishida, T; Ootani, M; Yamamoto, T; Tomoda, K; Mitomo, M

1992-01-01

171

Background: Tokyo Guidelines for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis.  

PubMed

There are no evidence-based-criteria for the diagnosis, severity assessment, of treatment of acute cholecystitis or acute cholangitis. For example, the full complement of symptoms and signs described as Charcot's triad and as Reynolds' pentad are infrequent and as such do not really assist the clinician with planning management strategies. In view of these factors, we launched a project to prepare evidence-based guidelines for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis that will be useful in the clinical setting. This research has been funded by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, in cooperation with the Japanese Society for Abdominal Emergency Medicine, the Japan Biliary Association, and the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery. A working group, consisting of 46 experts in gastroenterology, surgery, internal medicine, emergency medicine, intensive care, and clinical epidemiology, analyzed and examined the literature on patients with cholangitis and cholecystitis in order to produce evidence-based guidelines. During the investigations we found that there was a lack of high-level evidence, for treatments, and the working group formulated the guidelines by obtaining consensus, based on evidence categorized by level, according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine Levels of Evidence of May 2001 (version 1). This work required more than 20 meetings to obtain a consensus on each item from the working group. Then four forums were held to permit examination of the Guideline details in Japan, both by an external assessment committee and by the working group participants (version 2). As we knew that the diagnosis and management of acute biliary infection may differ from country to country, we appointed a publication committee and held 12 meetings to prepare draft Guidelines in English (version 3). We then had several discussions on these draft guidelines with leading experts in the field throughout the world, via e-mail, leading to version 4. Finally, an International Consensus Meeting took place in Tokyo, on 1-2 April, 2006, to obtain international agreement on diagnostic criteria, severity assessment, and management. PMID:17252291

Takada, Tadahiro; Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Nimura, Yuji; Yoshida, Masahiro; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Sekimoto, Miho; Miura, Fumihiko; Wada, Keita; Hirota, Masahiko; Yamashita, Yuichi; Nagino, Masato; Tsuyuguchi, Toshio; Tanaka, Atsushi; Kimura, Yasutoshi; Yasuda, Hideki; Hirata, Koichi; Pitt, Henry A; Strasberg, Steven M; Gadacz, Thomas R; Bornman, Philippus C; Gouma, Dirk J; Belli, Giulio; Liau, Kui-Hin

2007-01-01

172

Photodynamic Therapy of Symptomatic Choroidal Nevi  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To evaluate the role of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for patients with symptomatic choroidal nevi involving the fovea or located near the fovea with subretinal fluid extending to the fovea. Materials and Methods: Retrospective review of five patients who underwent PDT for choroidal nevi at two separate centers in Ankara and Barcelona. Results: The mean initial logMAR visual acuity was 0.5 (range: 0 to 1.5). The mean largest tumor base diameter was 3.2 mm (range: 2.1–4.5 mm) and the mean tumor thickness was 1.1 mm (range: 0.7–1.6 mm). The mean number of PDT sessions was 1.6 (range:1–3). The mean final tumor thickness was 1.0 mm (range: 0–1.6 mm) at a mean follow-up of 19 months (range: 12–32 months). The mean final logMAR visual acuity was 0.4 (range: 0–1.5). Subfoveal fluid disappeared or decreased significantly in 4 of 5 eyes (80%) after PDT. Conclusions: PDT led to resolution of subretinal fluid with preservation of visual acuity in many symptomatic choroidal nevi in this study. Careful case selection is important as PDT of indeterminate pigmented tumors may delay the diagnosis and treatment of an early choroidal melanoma and thereby increase the risk for metastasis. PMID:22224021

Amselem, Luis; Gunduz, Kaan; Adan, Alfredo; Karsl?oglu, Melisa Zisan; Rey, Amanda; Sabater, Noelia; Valldeperas, Xavier

2011-01-01

173

Gall bladder rupture associated with cholecystitis in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius).  

PubMed

A six-year-old neutered female albino ferret was presented with an acute episode of lethargy and anorexia. Clinical examination revealed marked cranial abdominal pain. A severe neutrophilic leukocytosis was present. Abdominal ultrasound was consistent with a diffuse peritonitis and severe bile duct inflammation. Cytology of the abdominal effusion revealed bile peritonitis. An exploratory laparotomy was performed and the gall bladder appeared inflamed with multiple perforations. A cholecystectomy was performed. The ferret recovered without complication. Bacteriological culture of the bile and gall bladder yielded a pure growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Histopathological analysis of the gall bladder and liver was consistent with a marked cholecystitis and cholangiohepatitis. On the basis of sensitivity testing, the ferret was treated with marbofloxacin for one month. No complications or reoccurrence were seen up to 1?year after the diagnosis. To the author's knowledge, this is the first report of bile peritonitis secondary to gall bladder rupture in a ferret. PMID:25168742

Huynh, M; Guillaumot, P; Hernandez, J; Ragetly, G

2014-09-01

174

Acute acalculous cholecystitis immediately after gastric operation: case report and literatures review.  

PubMed

Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a rare complication of gastric surgery. The most commonly accepted concepts regarding its pathogenesis are bile stasis, sepsis and ischemia, but it has not been well described how to identify and manage this disease in the early stage. We report three cases of AAC in elderly patients immediately after gastric surgery, which were treated with three different strategies. One patient died 42 d after emergency cholecystectomy, and the other two finally recovered through timely cholecystostomy and percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage, respectively. These cases informed us of the value of early diagnosis and proper treatment for perioperative AAC after gastric surgery. We further reviewed reported cases of AAC immediately after gastric operation, which may expand our knowledge of this disease. PMID:25132787

Liu, Feng-Lin; Li, He; Wang, Xue-Fei; Shen, Kun-Tang; Shen, Zhen-Bin; Sun, Yi-Hong; Qin, Xin-Yu

2014-08-14

175

A case of acute acalculous cholecystitis complicated by primary Epstein-Barr virus infection.  

PubMed

Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a rare complication of infectious mononucleosis (IM). An immunocompetent 6-year-old Japanese girl complained of epigastralgia during the course of IM. Ultrasonography (US) revealed a markedly thickened and sonolucent gallbladder wall. No gallstones were apparent. Antibodies against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) confirmed primary EBV infection. Cytomegalovirus immunoglobulin M showed a false-positive result in the acute phase, probably due to cross-reaction to EBV nuclear antigen. We diagnosed her as AAC related with primary EBV infection. She recovered completely by conservative treatment. US should be performed in consideration of the possibility of AAC when a patient with IM complains of epigastralgia. J. Med. Invest. 61: 426-429, August, 2014. PMID:25264067

Suga, Kenichi; Shono, Miki; Goji, Aya; Matsuura, Sato; Inoue, Miki; Kawahito, Masami; Mori, Kazuhiro

2014-01-01

176

Unruptured pseudoaneurysm of the cystic artery with acute calculous cholecystitis incidentally detected by computed tomography.  

PubMed

Pseudoaneurysm of the cystic artery is rare; to our knowledge, fewer than 30 cases have been reported worldwide. We report the first case of an unruptured pseudoaneurysm of the cystic artery with concurrent acute calculous cholecystitis. We incidentally detected the aneurysm by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in the edematous, thickened wall of the gallbladder neck in a 71-year-old man, whereas in most of the reported cases the disease presented as hemobilia. Because of the high risk of aneurysm rupture in this location, we avoided such interventions as percutaneous cholecystostomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The aneurysm was localized pathologically in the undisrupted gallbladder wall, and elective open cholecystectomy with ligation of the cystic artery was performed successfully. Our case highlights the usefulness of CT for both diagnosis and patient management. Open cholecystectomy with ligation of the cystic artery is demonstrated as a reasonable first line of treatment for this unusual condition. PMID:18677616

Machida, Haruhiko; Ueno, Eiko; Shiozawa, Shunichi; Fujimura, Mikihiko; Tsuchiya, Akira; Kim, Dal Ho; Ogawa, Kenji; Aiba, Motohiko

2008-07-01

177

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acalculous cholecystitis in a neutropenic patient after chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia  

PubMed Central

Acute acalculous cholecystitis (ACC) is most frequently reported in critically ill patients following sepsis, extensive injury or surgery. It is rather uncommon as a chemotherapy-induced complication, which is usually life-threatening in neutropenic patients subjected to myelosuppressive therapy. A 23-year-old patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia was subjected to myelosuppressive chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, pegaspargase). After the first chemotherapy cycle the patient was neutropenic and feverish; she presented with vomiting and pain in the right epigastrium. Ultrasound demonstrated an acalculous gallbladder with wall thickening up to 14 mm. The ACC was diagnosed. Medical therapy included a broad spectrum antibiotic regimen and granulocyte-colony stimulating factors. On the second day after ACC diagnosis the patient's general condition worsened. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. The resected gallbladder showed no signs of bacterial or leukemic infiltrates. The postoperative course was uneventful. In the management of neutropenic patients with ACC surgical treatment is as important as pharmacological therapy. PMID:25337176

Ejduk, Anna; Wroblewski, Tadeusz; Szczepanik, Andrzej B.

2014-01-01

178

Symptomatic Therapy and Rehabilitation in Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis  

PubMed Central

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system and a major cause of chronic neurological disability in young adults. Primary progressive MS (PPMS) constitutes about 10% of cases, and is characterized by a steady decline in function with no acute attacks. The rate of deterioration from disease onset is more rapid than relapsing remitting and secondary progressive MS types. Multiple system involvement at onset and rapid early progression have a worse prognosis. PPMS can cause significant disability and impact on quality of life. Recent studies are biased in favour of relapsing remitting patients as treatment is now available for them and they are more likely to be seen at MS clinics. Since prognosis for PPMS is worse than other types of MS, the focus of rehabilitation is on managing disability and enhancing participation, and application of a “neuropalliative” approach as the disease progresses. This chapter presents the symptomatic treatment and rehabilitation for persons with MS, including PPMS. A multidisciplinary approach optimizes the intermediate and long-term medical, psychological and social outcomes in this population. Restoration and maintenance of functional independence and societal reintegration, and issues relating to quality of life are addressed in rehabilitation processes. PMID:22013521

Khan, Fary; Amatya, Bhasker; Turner-Stokes, Lynne

2011-01-01

179

Clinical outcomes of symptomatic arterioportal fistulas after transcatheter arterial embolization  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate the complications and clinical outcomes of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for symptoms related to severe arterioportal fistulas (APFs). METHODS: Six patients (3 males, 3 females; mean age, 63.8 years; age range, 60-71 years) with chronic liver disease and severe APFs due to percutaneous intrahepatic treatment (n = 5) and portal vein (PV) tumor thrombosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 1) underwent TAE for symptoms related to severe APFs [refractory ascites (n = 4), hemorrhoidal hemorrhage (n = 1), and hepatic encephalopathy (n = 1)]. Control of symptoms related to APFs and complications were evaluated during the follow-up period (range, 4-57 mo). RESULTS: In all patients, celiac angiography revealed immediate retrograde visualization of the main PV before TAE, indicating severe APF. Selective TAE for the hepatic arteries was performed using metallic coils (MC, n = 4) and both MCs and n-butyl cyanoacrylate (n = 2). Three patients underwent repeated TAEs for residual APFs and ascites. Four patients developed PV thrombosis after TAE. During the follow-up period after TAE, APF obliteration and symptomatic improvement were obtained in all patients. CONCLUSION: Although TAE for severe APFs may sometimes be complicated by PV thrombosis, TAE can be an effective treatment to improve clinical symptoms related to severe APFs. PMID:23494252

Hirakawa, Masakazu; Nishie, Akihiro; Asayama, Yoshiki; Ishigami, Kousei; Ushijima, Yasuhiro; Fujita, Nobuhiro; Honda, Hiroshi

2013-01-01

180

Clinical outcomes of a percutaneous cholecystostomy for acute cholecystitis: a multicentre analysis  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to review a series of consecutive percutaneous cholecystostomies (PC) to analyse the clinical outcomes. Methods All patients who underwent a PC between 2000 and 2010 were reviewed retrospectively for indications, complications, and short- and long-term outcomes. Results Fifty-three patients underwent a PC with a median age was 74 years (range 14–93). 92.4% (n = 49) of patients were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) III and IV. 82% (43/53) had ultrasound-guided drainage whereas 18% (10/53) had computed tomography (CT)-guided drainage. 71.6% (n = 38) of PC's employed a transhepatic route and 28.4% (n = 15) transabdominal route. 13% (7/53) of patients developed complications including bile leaks (n = 5), haemorrhage (n = 1) and a duodenal fistula (n = 1). All bile leaks were noted with transabdominal access (5 versus 0, P = 0.001). 18/53 of patients underwent a cholecystectomy of 4/18 was done on the index admission. 6/18 cholecystectomies (33%) underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the remaining required conversion to an open cholecystectomy (67%). 13/53 (22%) patients were readmitted with recurrent cholecystitis during follow-up of which 7 (54%) had a repeated PC. 12/53 patients died on the index admission. The overall 1-year mortality was 37.7% (20/53). Conclusions Only a small fraction of patients undergoing a PC proceed to a cholecystectomy with a high risk of conversion to an open procedure. A quarter of patients presented with recurrent cholecystitis during follow-up. The mortality rate is high during the index admission from sepsis and within the 1 year of follow-up from other causes. PMID:23750493

Sanjay, Pandanaboyana; Mittapalli, Devender; Marioud, Aseel; White, Richard D; Ram, Rishi; Alijani, Afshin

2013-01-01

181

Ponticulus Posticus on the Posterior Arch of Atlas, Prevalence Analysis in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Patients of Gulbarga Population  

PubMed Central

Aims and Objectives: To investigate the prevalence and morphological features of Ponticulus Posticus (PP) in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients of Gulbarga population, to substantiate whether ponticulus posticus was the possible cause of chronic tension-type headaches and migraine. Material and Methods: Five hundred patients were investigated with digital lateral cephalograms for the presence and type of ponticulus posticus. All the patients in whom ponticulus posticus was present in either partial or complete form were further studied for symptoms like chronic tension type headache, orofacial pain or diagnosed migraine. Results: Among the sample of 500 cases, partial ponticulus posticus was found in 302 patients (60%) (Males 48% and Females 52%). Complete variant was found in 40 cases (8%) (Males 65% and females 35% both, who were in the age group of 16-45 years), with a mean age of 28 years and SD 27.76 ±10.74. In partial PP, 42 patients (14%) were found to be symptomatic. In complete form, 32 patients (78%) were found to be symptomatic. Symptoms were mainly in the form of migraine or chronic type of headache. Conclusion: According to our study, partial form of PP was found to be more prevalent as compared to complete form in Gulbarga population and complete form of ponticulus posticus can be considered as possible cause for chronic tension type headache, orofacial pain and migraine. PMID:24551723

Chitroda, Parita K.; Katti, Girish; Baba, Irfan A.; Najmudin, Mohammad; Ghali, Sreenivas Rao; Kalmath, Bhuvaneshwari; G., Vijay

2013-01-01

182

[A case of cholangiocarcinoma suspected by continuous elevation of CA 19-9 after surgery of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis].  

PubMed

Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is an unusual and destructive inflammatory process that is characterized by thickening of the gallbladder (GB) wall with a tendency to adhere to neighboring organs. XGC is often mistaken for GB carcinoma, and the frequency of the coexistence of these two lesions is approximately 10%. Therefore, in case of severe XGC, there is chance of either overlooking the carcinoma or other significant lesions. CA 19-9 is commonly measured in the serum of patients with hepatobiliary malignancies. Although CA 19-9 can be elevated in benign conditions such as cholestasis, pancreatitis, tuberculosis, thyroid disease etc., malignancy should be considered at first in setting of its significant and persistent elevation. We report a case of a 62-year-old man who showed continuously rising level of CA19-9 over 2000 U/mL after cholecystectomy for xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis and finally was diagnosed as cholangiocarcinoma by short-term follow up. PMID:20571310

Hwang, Sang Youn; Kim, Joon Suk; Jeong, Ji Bong; Kim, Ji Won; Kim, Byeong Gwan; Lee, Kook Lae; Ahn, Young Joon; Chang, Mee Soo

2010-06-01

183

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Severe Acute Cholecystitis in a Patient with Situs Inversus Totalis and Posterior Cystic Artery  

PubMed Central

Situs inversus totalis is an inherited condition characterized by a mirror-image transposition of thoracic and abdominal organs. It often coexists with other anatomical variations. Transposition of the organs imposes special demands on the diagnostic and surgical skills of the surgeon. We report a case of a 34-year-old female patient presented with left upper quadrant pain, signs of acute abdomen, and unknown situs inversus totalis. Severe acute cholecystitis was diagnosed, and an uneventful laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. A posterior cystic artery was identified and ligated. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is feasible in patients with severe acute calculus cholecystitis and situs inversus totalis; however, the surgeon should be alert of possible anatomic variations. PMID:18493329

Pavlidis, Theodoros E.; Psarras, Kyriakos; Triantafyllou, Apostolos; Marakis, Georgios N.; Sakantamis, Athanasios K.

2008-01-01

184

Paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis with symptomatic seizures secondary to hypoglycemia caused by insulinoma  

PubMed Central

Neurological syndromes are not an uncommon presentation with insulinomas. Recurrent hypoglycemia associated with it can present with a variety of neurological symptoms that may include disturbances of consciousness, seizures, stroke-like presentation, movement disorder, dementia and chronic neuropathy. The myriad of presentations, resemblance with other neurological conditions and episodic nature often lead to misdiagnosis and a delay in definitive treatment. Rare cases of insulinoma presenting as combination of abnormal movements have been described. We report a patient who presented with both hypoglycemia induced symptomatic seizures and paroxysmal non-kinesiogenic dystonic choreoathetosis. Insulinoma is a potentially treatable disorder and early definitive intervention can prevent long term neurological disability in patients. PMID:22346027

Gupta, Meena; Batra, Amit; Hirve, Makarand; Chowdhury, Debashish; Khwaja, Geeta A.; Mishra, P. K.

2011-01-01

185

Assessing clinical outcomes of patients with acute calculous cholecystitis in addition to the Tokyo grading: a retrospective study.  

PubMed

The management of acute cholecystitis is still based on clinical expertise. This study aims to investigate whether the outcome of acute cholecystitis can be related to the severity criteria of the Tokyo guidelines and additional clinical comorbidities. A total of 103 patients with acute cholecystitis were retrospectively enrolled and their medical records were reviewed. They were all classified according to therapeutic modality, including early cholecystectomy and antibiotic treatment with or without percutaneous cholecystostomy. The impact of the Tokyo guidelines and the presence of comorbidities on clinical outcome were assessed by univariate and multivariate regression analyses. According to Tokyo severity grading, 48 patients were Grade I, 31 patients were Grade II, and 24 patients were Grade III. The Grade III patients had a longer hospital stay than Grade II and Grade I patients (15.2 days, 9.2 days, and 7.3 days, respectively, p < 0.05). According to multivariate analysis, patients with Grade III Tokyo severity, higher Charlson's Comorbidity Score, and encountering complications had a longer hospital stay. Based on treatment modality, surgeons selected the patients with less severity and fewer comorbidities for cholecystectomy, and these patients had a shorter hospital stay. In addition to the grading of the Tokyo guidelines, comorbidities had an additional impact on clinical outcomes and should be an important consideration when making therapeutic decisions. PMID:25224769

Cheng, Wei-Chun; Chiu, Yen-Cheng; Chuang, Chiao-Hsiung; Chen, Chiung-Yu

2014-09-01

186

Case Reports: Symptomatic Bilateral Talonavicular Coalition  

PubMed Central

Congenital talonavicular coalition is reported less frequently than talocalcaneal or calcaneonavicular coalition and represent approximately 1% of all tarsal coalitions. Although reportedly transmitted as an autosomal-dominant disorder, tarsal coalition may be inherited as an autosomal-recessive trait. It has been associated with various orthopaedic anomalies, including symphalangism, clinodactyly, a great toe shorter than the second toe, clubfoot, calcaneonavicular coalition, talocalcaneal coalition, and a ball-and-socket ankle. Patients with talonavicular coalitions are usually asymptomatic and rarely undergo surgical treatment. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman with symptomatic bilateral talonavicular coalitions and previously unreported associated anomalies (nail hypoplasia and metatarsus primus elevatus) and review the relevant literature. The patient underwent surgery (calcaneocuboid joint distraction arthrodesis and a proximal plantar flexion osteotomy with a dorsal open wedge of the first metatarsal). At 1-year followup, she was pain-free with better alignment of both feet and showed radiographic consolidation of the arthrodesis. Although this condition is less likely to be clinically important than other tarsal fusions, it sometimes can be painful enough for the patient to undergo surgery. PMID:18791772

Migues, Atilio; Suarez, Esteban; Galan, Hernan L.

2008-01-01

187

Case reports: symptomatic bilateral talonavicular coalition.  

PubMed

Congenital talonavicular coalition is reported less frequently than talocalcaneal or calcaneonavicular coalition and represent approximately 1% of all tarsal coalitions. Although reportedly transmitted as an autosomal-dominant disorder, tarsal coalition may be inherited as an autosomal-recessive trait. It has been associated with various orthopaedic anomalies, including symphalangism, clinodactyly, a great toe shorter than the second toe, clubfoot, calcaneonavicular coalition, talocalcaneal coalition, and a ball-and-socket ankle. Patients with talonavicular coalitions are usually asymptomatic and rarely undergo surgical treatment. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman with symptomatic bilateral talonavicular coalitions and previously unreported associated anomalies (nail hypoplasia and metatarsus primus elevatus) and review the relevant literature. The patient underwent surgery (calcaneocuboid joint distraction arthrodesis and a proximal plantar flexion osteotomy with a dorsal open wedge of the first metatarsal). At 1-year followup, she was pain-free with better alignment of both feet and showed radiographic consolidation of the arthrodesis. Although this condition is less likely to be clinically important than other tarsal fusions, it sometimes can be painful enough for the patient to undergo surgery. PMID:18791772

Migues, Atilio; Slullitel, Gastón A; Suárez, Esteban; Galán, Hernan L

2009-01-01

188

Palliative treatment for symptomatic malignant pericardial effusion†.  

PubMed

Consensus has yet to emerge regarding the optimal choice of therapy in the management of malignant pericardial effusion. We review the literature to evaluate the existing evidence on the clinical effectiveness of surgical and interventional cardiological approaches. A formal literature search for all studies addressing the treatment of pericardial effusion in cancer patients was undertaken using predefined keywords. Abstracts were screened and reviewed, and data extracted. Data on intervention type, number of patients treated, number of patients surviving the procedure, effusion recurrences, need for further interventions and procedure-related complications were obtained from each study and collated in a quantitative synthesis. Of 1181 articles identified, 59 contained sufficient quantitative information to be included in the synthesis. A total of 2322 patients with symptomatic pericardial effusion were identified, of which 1399 patients were reported to have underlying malignancy. Three surgical approaches were described in a total of 19 studies, with overall success rates ranging from 93.3 to 100% and associated complication rates ranging from 4.5 to 10.3%. The remaining 40 studies reported four non-surgical treatment modalities, with success rates of 55.1-90.4% and complication rates of 5.9-32%. Data from the literature suggest that surgical drainage of the pericardium is superior to non-surgical approaches for symptom relief, effusion recurrence and morbidity; however, the lack of randomized controlled trials means that selection bias remains an important limitation to the field and definitive adequately controlled trials should be a priority. PMID:25142067

Jama, Guled M; Scarci, Marco; Bowden, Jack; Marciniak, Stefan J

2014-12-01

189

Temporal Dynamics of Host Molecular Responses Differentiate Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Influenza  

E-print Network

Temporal Dynamics of Host Molecular Responses Differentiate Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Influenza to influenza viruses is necessary, but not sufficient, for healthy human hosts to develop symptomatic illness responses that differentiate symptomatic and asymptomatic Influenza A infection, we inoculated 17 healthy

Dobigeon, Nicolas

190

Are liver function tests, pancreatitis and cholecystitis predictors of common bile duct stones? Results of a prospective, population-based, cohort study of 1171 patients undergoing cholecystectomy  

PubMed Central

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the accuracy of elevated liver function values, age, gender, pancreatitis and cholecystitis as predictors of common bile duct stones (CBDS). Methods: All patients operated on for gallstone disease over a period of 3 years in a Swedish county of 302 564 citizens were registered prospectively. Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) was used to detect CBDS. Results: A total of 1171 patients were registered; 95% of these patients underwent IOC. Common bile duct stones were found in 42% of patients with elevated liver function values, 20% of patients with a history of pancreatitis and 9% of patients with cholecystitis. The presence of CBDS was significantly predicted by elevated liver function values, but not by age, gender, history of acute pancreatitis or cholecystitis. A total of 93% of patients with normal liver function tests had a normal IOC. The best agreement between elevated liver function values and CBDS was seen in patients undergoing elective surgery without a history of acute pancreatitis or cholecystitis. Conclusions: Although alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and bilirubin levels represented the most reliable predictors of CBDS, false positive and false negative values were common, especially in patients with a history of cholecystitis or pancreatitis, which indicates that other mechanisms were responsible for elevated liver function values in these patients. PMID:21762294

Videhult, Per; Sandblom, Gabriel; Rudberg, Claes; Rasmussen, Ib Christian

2011-01-01

191

Sensitivity of hepatobiliary imaging and real-time ultrasonography in the detection of acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

To determine the sensitivity of hepatobiliary imaging (HBI) and strict- and liberal-criteria real-time ultrasonography (RTUS), the authors retrospectively analyzed 100 cases of pathologically proved acute cholecystitis (AC). A positive HBI was one in which there was nonvisualization of the gallbladder up to four hours after the administration of technetium 99m-disofenin. In the absence of hypoalbuminemia, cirrhosis, or ascites, pathognomonic RTUS findings (strict criteria) for AC were wall edema and/or pericholecystic fluid. Findings indicative of AC (liberal criteria) included the demonstration of stones, a thick gallbladder wall, nonshadowing echoes, or the ultrasonographic Murphy's sign. Of the 100 cases of AC, 91 were calculous, and nine were acalculous. Four of 100 patients had associated choledocholithiasis. The sensitivities in detecting calculous AC were as follows: HBI, 97%; liberal-criteria RTUS, 86%; and strict-criteria RTUS, 24%. The sensitivities in detecting acalculous AC were as follows: HBI, 100%; liberal-criteria RTUS, 89%; and strict-criteria RTUS, 44%.

Fink-Bennett, D.; Freitas, J.E.; Ripley, S.D.; Bree, R.L.

1985-08-01

192

The role of scintiangiography in suspected acute cholecystitis: The hyperemic gallbladder fossa  

SciTech Connect

Gallbladder hyperemia in acute cholecystitis (AC) has been described pathologically and angiographically. The authors' purpose is to evaluate the use of scintiangiography for the detection of this hypernia as a supporting sign of AC. Ten mCi of Tc 99m disofenin were injected by bolus technique in 64 patients with suspected AC. Sequential 3 second images were obtained with a 500K blood pool image at one minute. Routine images to 60 minutes were performed followed by delayed views. The scintiangiogram was positive if there was focal increased activity in the gallbladder fossa greater than liver and separate from right kidney during the preportal arterial phase. The location of the gallbladder fossa was determined by superimposition with the early hepatocyte phase. AC was confirmed surgically and normals confirmed clinically. Increased flow to the gallbladder fossa was demonstrated in 23/32 cases of AC and in 2/33 normals (72% sensitivity, 94% specificity). Accuracy is 54/65 (83%). Positive predictive value is 23/25 (92%). All patients with both a positive scintiangiogram and cholescintigram had AC, while 3 with pericholecystic abscess and false negative cholescintigram had positive scintiangiograms. Increased perfusion to the gallbladder fossa during scintiangiography is a sign of AC. This along with gallbladder nonvisualization by cholescintigraphy was able to predict AC in 100% of cases where both findings occurred. Scintiangiography may help select our patients with a very high likelihood of AC and may potentially shorten chole-scintigraphy examinations.

Colletti, P.; Ralls, P.W.; Siegel, M.E.; Halls, J.

1984-01-01

193

The increasing prevalence of acalculous cholecystitis in outpatients. Results of a 7-year study.  

PubMed Central

Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a disease that causes high rates of morbidity such as those traditionally observed in the critically ill. Recently we noted an increase in the de novo presentation of outpatients with this disease. Our aim was to characterize this disease in outpatients, identify risk factors, and assess clinical outcome. Therefore a 7-year review of the Yale experience with AAC was undertaken. Forty-seven patients were identified. Seventy-seven per cent (36 of 47 patients) developed AAC at home without evidence of acute illness or trauma, while 23% (11 of 47 patients) developed the disease while hospitalized. Significant vascular disease was observed in 72% of outpatients. A 38% morbidity rate and 6% mortality rate were observed. We conclude that AAC occurs commonly in elderly male outpatients with vascular disease and that these patients incur significant morbidity in association with this condition. AAC should be suspected and prompt surgical management instituted when these patients present with an acute right upper quadrant inflammatory process. PMID:2322038

Savoca, P E; Longo, W E; Zucker, K A; McMillen, M M; Modlin, I M

1990-01-01

194

Need for criteria for the diagnosis and severity assessment of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis: Tokyo Guidelines.  

PubMed

The Tokyo Guidelines formulate clinical guidance for healthcare providers regarding the diagnosis, severity assessment, and treatment of acute cholangitis and acute cholecystitis. The Guidelines were developed through a comprehensive literature search and selection of evidence. Recommendations were based on the strength and quality of evidence. Expert consensus opinion was used to enhance or formulate important areas where data were insufficient. A working group, composed of gastroenterologists and surgeons with expertise in biliary tract surgery, supplemented with physicians in critical care medicine, epidemiology, and laboratory medicine, was selected to formulate draft guidelines. Several other groups (including members of the Japanese Society for Abdominal Emergency Medicine, the Japan Biliary Association, and the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery) have reviewed and revised the draft guidelines. To build a global consensus on the management of acute biliary infection, an international expert panel, representing experts in this area, was established. Between April 1 and 2, 2006, an International Consensus Meeting on acute biliary infections was held in Tokyo. A consensus was determined based on best available scientific evidence and discussion by the panel of experts. This report describes the highlights of the Tokyo International Consensus Meeting in 2006. Some important areas focused on at the meeting include proposals for internationally accepted diagnostic criteria and severity assessment for both clinical and research purposes. PMID:17252292

Sekimoto, Miho; Takada, Tadahiro; Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Nimura, Yuji; Yoshida, Masahiro; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Miura, Fumihiko; Wada, Keita; Hirota, Masahiko; Yamashita, Yuichi; Strasberg, Steven; Pitt, Henry A; Belghiti, Jacques; de Santibanes, Eduardo; Gadacz, Thomas R; Hilvano, Serafin C; Kim, Sun-Whe; Liau, Kui-Hin; Fan, Sheung-Tat; Belli, Giulio; Sachakul, Vibul

2007-01-01

195

A Survey of Surgical Management of Acute Cholecystitis in Eastern Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Background/Aim: It is now 60 years since early cholecystectomy was advocated for acute cholecystitis (AC). Yet, surgical opinion remains divided regarding its optimal timing. Furthermore, recent surveys have shown low utilization of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for AC. Aim: This survey aimed to assess the current management of AC in Eastern Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A postal survey was conducted by means of a questionnaire sent to 95 surgeons practicing LC. The questionnaire addressed the surgical management of AC in relation to the subspecialty of interest, duration of consultant status, number of cholecystectomies performed per year, and the percentage performed laparoscopically. Results: There were 87 responders (92%); two were excluded from the analysis for different reasons. Early LC was preferred by 71% of the responders. With regard to the timing of LC, there was no significant difference in relation to the surgeon's subspecialty of interest or duration of consultant status. However, increased number of cholecystectomies and percentage of cholecystectomies performed with a laparoscopic approach were significantly associated with early LC. Conclusion: Early LC for AC is practiced by the majority of surgeons in Eastern Saudi Arabia. This practice is significantly associated with increased number of cholecystectomies performed as well as with the percentage performed with a laparoscopic approach. According to the current literature, early LC for AC results in a shorter total hospital stay and reduced cost of treatment. PMID:19636179

Al-Mulhim, Abdulmohsen A.

2009-01-01

196

[Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis associated with a suspicious colonic fistula and its spontaneous resolution].  

PubMed

Fistula between the gallbladder and colon is a rare condition. Even more infrequent is spontaneous resolution of the fistula. We encountered a case of cholecystocolic fistula associated with xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) that was diagnosed definitively using CT, MRI, and colonoscopy. An 82-year-old woman with no remarkable medical history presented with fever and right hypochondralgia that had continued for 8 days. Abdominal ultrasound showed a hyperechoic area as air in the lumen of the gallbladder with a hypertrophic wall. Contrast-enhanced CT, with the peripheral layer enhanced homogeneously by contrast medium, indicated air in the gallbladder with a thickened wall. Furthermore, MRI and colonoscopy revealed a fistula between the gallbladder and transverse colon strongly suggested. Those findings suggested cholecystocolic fistula associated with XGC. The patient was treated initially by administration of antibiotics, while fasting. Unfortunately, surgical specimens did not show the fistula, thus it was decided that the existence of cholecystocolic fistula with spontaneous resolution were highly suspected by the clinical course and imaging in this patient. PMID:19420874

Saito, Ayako; Takano, Makoto; Gunji, Naohiko; Watanabe, Kenya; Ishihata, Ryoichi; Utsumi, Yasufumi; Igari, Hiroyuki; Irisawa, Atsushi; Ohira, Hiromasa

2009-05-01

197

Patient characteristics but not virulence factors discriminate between asymptomatic and symptomatic E. coli bacteriuria in the hospital  

PubMed Central

Background Escherichia coli is a common cause of asymptomatic and symptomatic bacteriuria in hospitalized patients. Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is frequently treated with antibiotics without a clear indication. Our goal was to determine patient and pathogen factors suggestive of ASB. Methods We conducted a 12-month prospective cohort study of adult inpatients with E. coli bacteriuria seen at a tertiary care hospital in St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Urine cultures were taken at the discretion of treating physicians. Bacterial isolates were tested for 14 putative virulence genes using high-throughput dot-blot hybridization. Results The median age of the 287 study patients was 65 (19–101) years; 78% were female. Seventy percent had community-acquired bacteriuria. One-hundred ten (38.3%) patients had ASB and 177 (61.7%) had symptomatic urinary tract infection (sUTI). Asymptomatic patients were more likely than symptomatic patients to have congestive heart failure (p?=?0.03), a history of myocardial infarction (p?=?0.01), chronic pulmonary disease (p?=?0.045), peripheral vascular disease (p?=?0.04), and dementia (p?=?0.03). Patients with sUTI were more likely to be neutropenic at the time of bacteriuria (p?=?0.046). Chronic pulmonary disease [OR 2.1 (95% CI 1.04, 4.1)] and dementia [OR 2.4 (95% CI 1.02, 5.8)] were independent predictors for asymptomatic bacteriuria. Absence of pyuria was not predictive of ASB. None of the individual virulence genes tested were associated with ASB nor was the total number of genes. Conclusions Asymptomatic E. coli bacteriuria in hospitalized patients was frequent and more common in patients with dementia and chronic pulmonary disease. Bacterial virulence factors could not discriminate symptomatic from asymptomatic bacteriurias. Asymptomatic E. coli bacteriuria cannot be predicted by virulence screening. PMID:23663267

2013-01-01

198

Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Is Safe and Effective for Acute Severe Calculous Cholecystitis in Patients with Advanced Cirrhosis: A Single Center Experience  

PubMed Central

Acute calculous cholecystitis is a common disease in cirrhotic patients. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can resolve this problem but is performed based on the premise that the local inflammation must been controlled. An Initial ultrasound guided percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy may reduce the local inflammation and provide advantages in subsequent surgery. In this paper, we detailed our experience of treating acute severe calculous cholecystitis in patients with advanced cirrhosis by delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy plus initiated ultrasound guided percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy and provided the analysis of the treatment effect. We hope this paper can provided a kind of standard procedure for this special disease; however, further prospective comparative randomized trials are needed to assess this treatment in cirrhotic patients with acute cholecystitis. PMID:24772166

Huang, Pingzhu; Chen, Xingui; Yang, Peisheng

2014-01-01

199

Symptomatic Pericardial Effusion After Chemoradiation Therapy in Esophageal Cancer Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: We investigated clinical and treatment-related factors as predictors of symptomatic pericardial effusion in esophageal cancer patients after concurrent chemoradiation therapy. Methods and Materials: We reviewed 214 consecutive primary esophageal cancer patients treated with concurrent chemoradiation therapy between 2001 and 2010 in our institute. Pericardial effusion was detected on follow-up computed tomography. Symptomatic effusion was defined as effusion ?grade 3 according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0 criteria. Percent volume irradiated with 5 to 65 Gy (V5-V65) and mean dose to the pericardium were evaluated employing dose-volume histograms. To evaluate dosimetry for patients treated with two-dimensional planning in the earlier period (2001-2005), computed tomography data at diagnosis were transferred to a treatment planning system to reconstruct three-dimensional plans without modification. Optimal dosimetric thresholds for symptomatic pericardial effusion were calculated by receiver operating characteristic curves. Associating clinical and treatment-related risk factors for symptomatic pericardial effusion were detected by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: The median follow-up was 29 (range, 6-121) months for eligible 167 patients. Symptomatic pericardial effusion was observed in 14 (8.4%) patients. Dosimetric analyses revealed average values of V30 to V45 for the pericardium and mean pericardial doses were significantly higher in patients with symptomatic pericardial effusion than in those with asymptomatic pericardial effusion (P<.05). Pericardial V5 to V55 and mean pericardial doses were significantly higher in patients with symptomatic pericardial effusion than in those without pericardial effusion (P<.001). Mean pericardial doses of 36.5 Gy and V45 of 58% were selected as optimal cutoff values for predicting symptomatic pericardial effusion. Multivariate analysis identified mean pericardial dose as the strongest risk factor for symptomatic pericardial effusion. Conclusions: Dose-volume thresholds for the pericardium facilitate predicting symptomatic pericardial effusion. Mean pericardial dose was selected based not only on the optimal dose-volume threshold but also on the most significant risk factor for symptomatic pericardial effusion.

Fukada, Junichi, E-mail: fukada@rad.med.keio.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Shigematsu, Naoyuki [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Takeuchi, Hiroya [Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Ohashi, Toshio [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Saikawa, Yoshiro [Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Takaishi, Hiromasa [Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Hanada, Takashi; Shiraishi, Yutaka [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Kitagawa, Yuko [Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan); Fukuda, Keiichi [Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo (Japan)

2013-11-01

200

Prevalence of symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse in a Swedish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in a Swedish urban female population. The cross-sectional study design included 8,000 randomly selected female residents in Stockholm, 30–79-year old. A postal questionnaire enquired about symptomatic POP, using a validated set of five questions, and about urinary incontinence and demographic data. Of 5,489 women providing adequate information,

Gunilla Tegerstedt; Marianne Maehle-Schmidt; Olof Nyrén; Margareta Hammarström

2005-01-01

201

Surgery for symptomatic hemorrhoids and anal fissures in Crohn's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to determine the outcome of surgery for symptomatic hemorrhoids and anal fissures in patients with known Crohn's disease. Seventeen patients underwent surgery for symptomatic hemorrhoids. Fifteen of these 17 patients' wounds healed without complication. Twenty-five patients underwent 27 operations for anal fissures. Twenty-two of these patients had uncomplicated wound healing by two months. Long-term follow-up, which

Alfred F. Wolkomir; Martin A. Luchtefeld

1993-01-01

202

Distribution of Symptomatic Congenital Heart Disease in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Racial group studies have identified differences in the occurrence of congenital heart disease (CHD) among ethnic populations.\\u000a The aim of this study was to characterize the proportionate frequency and clinical profile of children with symptomatic cardiac\\u000a abnormalities in Hong Kong. The hospital records of 666, mainly Southern Chinese children with symptomatic CHD, who were 4\\u000a years of age or

E. G. J. Jacobs; M. P. Leung; J. Karlberg

2000-01-01

203

MR imaging of symptomatic osteochondromas with pathological correlation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To demonstrate the value of MR imaging in the diagnosis and differentiation of the various symptomatic complications of osteochondromas,\\u000a providing pathological correlation with emphasis on the usefulness of MR imaging as a single imaging modality in these patients.\\u000a Design. We retrospectively reviewed all MR examinations of clinically symptomatic osteochondromas (30 patients) performed at our\\u000a institution between March 1990 and

M. Mehta; L. M. White; T. Knapp; R. A. Kandel; J. S. Wunder; R. S. Bell

1998-01-01

204

[Clinical symptoms and symptomatic management of brain metastases].  

PubMed

Cancer patients frequently develop brain metastases. Symptomatic treatments are important to stabilize these patients before an oncological procedure (usually radiotherapy, sometimes surgery or chemotherapy) can be started. These symptomatic treatments mainly rely on steroids to reduce the peritumoral edema; anti-epileptic drugs for patients who previously had seizures, and low-molecular-weight heparin for patients at risk of thrombo-embolic events. PMID:21540137

Kallel, Ahmed; Bailon, Olivier; Carpentier, Antoine F

2011-04-01

205

Polarization-phase diagnostics of latent course of cholelithiasis in patients with chronic cholecystitis combined with diabetes mellitus type 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principles of optical model of human bile polycrystalline structure are described. The three optical levels - isotropic, liquid-crystal and solid-crystal have been proposed. It has been introduced and proposed the scenarios of phase distribution formation in the boundary field of laser radiation, transformed by bile layers. The experimental scheme of direct measurement of coordinate phase distributions has been presented. The results of investigating the interrelation between the values of correlation and fractal parameters are presented. They characterize the coordinate distributions of phase shifts between the orthogonal components of the amplitude in the points of laser images of bile smears of cholelithiasis patients in combination with other pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of the cholelithiasis nascency and its severity degree differentiation are determined.

Fediv, O. I.; Ivashchuk, O. I.; Marchuk, Yu. F.; Andriychuk, D. R.

2012-01-01

206

Polarization-phase diagnostics of latent course of cholelithiasis in patients with chronic cholecystitis combined with diabetes mellitus type 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principles of optical model of human bile polycrystalline structure are described. The three optical levels - isotropic, liquid-crystal and solid-crystal have been proposed. It has been introduced and proposed the scenarios of phase distribution formation in the boundary field of laser radiation, transformed by bile layers. The experimental scheme of direct measurement of coordinate phase distributions has been presented. The results of investigating the interrelation between the values of correlation and fractal parameters are presented. They characterize the coordinate distributions of phase shifts between the orthogonal components of the amplitude in the points of laser images of bile smears of cholelithiasis patients in combination with other pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of the cholelithiasis nascency and its severity degree differentiation are determined.

Fediv, O. I.; Ivashchuk, O. I.; Marchuk, Yu. F.; Andriychuk, D. R.

2011-09-01

207

Polarization-correlation diagnostics and differentiation of cholelithiasis in patients with chronic cholecystitis combined with diabetes mellitus type 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principles of optical modeling of human bile polycrystalline structure are described. The main types of polycrystalline structures are detailed. It has been proposed and founded the scenarios of formation of bile microscopic images polarization structure in coherent radiation. The results of investigating the interrelation between statistical moments of the 1st-4th order are presented that characterize the coordinate distributions of intensity of laser images of bile smears of cholelithiasis patients in combination with other pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of the cholelithiasis nascency and its severity degree differentiation are determined.

Marchuk, Yu F.; Fediv, O. I.; Ivashchuk, I. O.; Andriychuk, D. R.

2011-09-01

208

Polarization-correlation diagnostics and differentiation of cholelithiasis in patients with chronic cholecystitis combined with diabetes mellitus type 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principles of optical modeling of human bile polycrystalline structure are described. The main types of polycrystalline structures are detailed. It has been proposed and founded the scenarios of formation of bile microscopic images polarization structure in coherent radiation. The results of investigating the interrelation between statistical moments of the 1st-4th order are presented that characterize the coordinate distributions of intensity of laser images of bile smears of cholelithiasis patients in combination with other pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of the cholelithiasis nascency and its severity degree differentiation are determined.

Marchuk, Yu F.; Fediv, O. I.; Ivashchuk, I. O.; Andriychuk, D. R.

2012-01-01

209

[Symptomatic intermittent fever of inflammatory diseases].  

PubMed

Intermittent fever has a wide variety of causes such as infectious, cancers, or inflammatory disease. Intermittent fever is sometimes a diagnostic challenge when fever appears as the first and isolated sign of the disease. Adult onset Still disease and juvenile chronic arthritis are mainly the most common cause of intermittent inflammatory fever. Some frequent diseases gives intermittent fever in few cases like ankylosing spondylitis, pulmonary embolism, sarcoidosis or Crohn's disease. Some rare inflammatory disease gives typical intermittent fever like genetic periodic fever. Other rare diseases give sometimes intermittent fever like vasculitis, polychondritis, Castleman disease, etc. Drug fever and factitious fever are other classical causes of intermittent fever. Diagnosis of inflammatory intermittent fever is frequently based on the clinical course but some biological tests and computerized tomographic scans are worthwhile tools. Follow-up of undiagnosed cases is needed. PMID:11915560

Hachulla, Eric

2002-01-15

210

Management of Chronic Urticaria  

PubMed Central

Effective treatment of chronic urticaria depends on identification of the etiologic factor, if possible, and its subsequent elimination, although symptoms may be suppressed by appropriate medication. The investigation of the patient who presents with chronic urticaria is discussed, with emphasis on the need for a detailed history, meticulous physical examination (including a search for occult infection) and full routine hematologic, biochemical and radiologic monitoring. The author discusses the use of intradermal skin tests, scratch tests for inhalants and the need for skin biopsy and gastro-intestinal tract screening. Dietary treatments reviewed include the elimination diet and the elemental diet, which is used in combination with gradual re-introduction of foods. Symptomatic treatments, including antihistamines, the newer H1-histamine receptor antagonists, used with tricyclic antidepressants and with combination therapy, and systemic corticosteroid therapy are also discussed. PMID:21263827

Grahame, Ann

1987-01-01

211

Comparison of Clinical Safety and Outcomes of Early versus Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis: A Meta-Analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective. To compare the clinical safety and outcomes of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Methods. Pertinent studies were selected from the Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases, references from published articles, and reviews. Seven randomized controlled trials (early laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy) were selected. Conventional meta-analysis according to Cochrane Collaboration was used for the pooling of the results. Results. Seven trials with 1106 patients were included. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of bile duct injury (Peto odds ratio 0.49 (95% confidence interval 0.05 to 4.72); P = 0.54) or conversion to open cholecystectomy (risk ratio 0.91 (95% confidence interval 0.69 to 1.20); P = 0.50). The total hospital stay was shorter by 4 days for early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (mean difference ?4.12 (95% confidence interval ?5.22 to ?3.03) days; P < 0.00001). Conclusion. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy during acute cholecystitis is safe and shortens the total hospital stay. PMID:25133217

Zhou, Min-Wei; Gu, Xiao-Dong; Xiang, Jian-Bin; Chen, Zong-You

2014-01-01

212

[Determination of trace elements in Mongolian medicine Susi-12 curing cholecystitis and gallstone disease by ICP-AES].  

PubMed

Trace elements in Mongolian medicine Susi-12 for cholecystitis and gallstones were analyzed in order to discuss the relation between Susi-12's drug action and the trace elements. The analysis was carried out using the pressure seal microwave digestion and inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). It was found that the medicine contained great amount of trace elements, especially human-body-needed trace elements, such as Ca, Al, Mg, Fe, Sr, Mn, Zn, Cu etc., whereas heavy metals are very little, e.g. the contents of Pb, Cb, As etc are below the country's limit. The recoveries of standard addition are in the range of 94.63%-106.40%. The relative standard deviation RSD< or =3.35%, and detection limit is < or =0.009 mg x L(-1). It is concluded that Mongolian medicine Susi-12 can effectively control and cure cholecystitis and gallstones, and the effective rate reaches 91.2% to 100%. So the trace elements in Susi-12 must have a close connection with the drug action. PMID:19626913

E, Er-Deng-sang; Hang, Gai-ba-te-re; Ba, Tu; Duan, Yi-wen

2009-04-01

213

Stent fracture in revascularization for symptomatic ostial vertebral artery stenosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  We assessed the long-term follow-up examinations and complications of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS)\\u000a for symptomatic ostial vertebral artery (VA) stenosis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A retrospective study was done to evaluate 12 patients with symptomatic ostial VA stenosis who underwent PTAS. Six patients\\u000a were treated with the Palmaz stent and six with a balloon-expandable coronary stent. Initial angiographic follow-up examination\\u000a was conducted

Masanori Tsutsumi; Kiyoshi Kazekawa; Masanari Onizuka; Tomonobu Kodama; Shuko Matsubara; Hiroshi Aikawa; Minoru Iko; Kouhei Nii; Housei Etou; Akira Tanaka

2007-01-01

214

Bleomycin Sclerotherapy for Severe Symptomatic and Persistent Pelvic Lymphocele  

PubMed Central

Background. Pelvic lymphoceles are frequently described as a complication of pelvic lymphadenectomy performed for surgical staging of gynaecologic malignancies. Case Report. A 72-year-old woman presented with severe symptomatic and refractory lymphocele associated with persistent lower limb lymphedema and recurrent erysipelas. After four CT fluoroscopy scan guided percutaneous catheter drainages, the lymphocele complicated with infection finally resolved with two sessions of bleomycin sclerotherapy. Conclusion. Symptomatic persistent lymphoceles require treatment and nowadays the first option is interventional radiologic procedures. Bleomycin is a safe and effective sclerosing agent and therefore should be regarded as a first-line treatment choice. PMID:25105040

Fernandes, Ana Sofia; Costa, Antónia; Mota, Raquel; Paiva, Vera

2014-01-01

215

Quality Improvement Guidelines for Uterine Artery Embolization for Symptomatic Leiomyomata  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is assuming an important role in the treatment of women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomata worldwide. The following guidelines, which have been jointly published with the Society of Interventional Radiology in the Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, are intended to ensure the safe practice of UAE by identifying the elements of appropriate patient selection, anticipated outcomes,

David M. Hovsepian; Gary P. Siskin; Joseph Bonn; John F. Cardella; Timothy W. I. Clark; Leo E. Lampmann; Donald L. Miller; Reed A. Omary; Jean-Pierre Pelage; Dheeraj Rajan; Marc S. Schwartzberg; Richard B. Towbin; Woodruff J. Walker; David Sacks

2004-01-01

216

Delayed Symptomatic Thromboembolism After Unruptured Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysm Embolization  

PubMed Central

Endovascular treatment has been increasingly performed for unruptured intracerebral aneurysms. However, thromboembolic complications, which develop mostly within 48 hours after the procedure, are the most common and major complications of endovascular treatment. We present a rare case of delayed symptomatic thromboembolism in an ischemic stroke patient who had undergone coil embolization for unruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm. PMID:23210035

Kim, Hye-Jin; Lee, Taek Jun; Lee, Sun-il

2012-01-01

217

MR of Neurologically Symptomatic Newborns after Vacuum Extraction Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: We present the MR findings in three neurologically symptomatic newborns after vacuum extraction delivery. The lesions included subdural hematomas, one tentorial hematoma, and one intracerebellar hemorrhage. One patient had hydroceph- alus that required shunting. We propose that the visualized ab- normalities are probably the result of vertical stress leading to laceration of bridging veins, venous sinuses, and\\/or venous hem-

Mauricio Castillo; Lynn A. Fordham

218

The late symptomatic and functional results of enterocystoplasty.  

PubMed

A symptomatic and, where possible, urodynamic assessment has been made in 19 patients undergoing enterocystoplasty over a 16-year period. It is suggested that this operation should be considered in those cases of interstitial cystitis and irritable bladder syndrome in which all recognised medical and surgical treatment has failed. PMID:753503

George, N J; Dunn, M; Dounis, A; Abrams, P H; Smith, P J

1978-12-01

219

Histological subtypes of symptomatic central nervous system tumours in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective was to identify the different subtypes of symptomatic CNS tumours that are encountered in Singapore. Our hospital pathology and operative records from 1994 to 1998 were reviewed and information regarding all patients who underwent biopsy or resection as part of their diagnostic and therapeutic evaluation was extracted. Only histologically confirmed tumours were included in this analysis. Meningiomas made

A Das; C A T Chapman; W M Yap

2000-01-01

220

Chronic Pain  

MedlinePLUS

MENU Return to Web version Chronic Pain Overview What is chronic pain? There are 2 types of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain lets you know that your ... It should go away as your body heals. Chronic pain lasts much longer. Chronic pain may last months ...

221

Modifiers of Symptomatic Embolic Risk in Infective Endocarditis  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the impact of prior antiplatelet and statin therapy on symptomatic embolic events in native valve infective endocarditis (IE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied a retrospective cohort of adult patients with a diagnosis of IE who presented to Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN) from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2006. Patients were grouped into those who received treatment before infection or controls who did not receive treatment for both antiplatelet therapy and, separately, statin therapy. Because of the retrospective study design and thus the nonrandomized treatment groups, a propensity score approach was used to account for the confounding factors that may have influenced treatment allocation. Antiplatelet therapy included aspirin, dipyridamole, clopidogrel, ticlopidine or any combination of these agents. Statin therapy included atorvastatin, simvastatin, pravastatin, lovastatin, rosuvastatin, or fluvastatin. The primary end point was a symptomatic embolic event that occurred before or during hospitalization. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the propensity-adjusted effects of continuous daily therapy with antiplatelet and statin agents on risk of symptomatic emboli. Likewise, Cox proportional hazards regression was used to test for an independent association with 6-month mortality for each of the treatments. RESULTS: The study cohort comprised 283 patients with native valve IE. Twenty-eight patients (24.1%) who received prior continuous antiplatelet therapy developed a symptomatic embolic event compared with 66 (39.5%) who did not receive such treatment. After adjusting for propensity to treat, the effect of antiplatelet therapy on embolic risk was not statistically significant (odds ratio, 0.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37-1.36; P=.30). Only 14 patients (18.2%) who received prior continuous statin therapy developed a symptomatic embolic event compared with 80 (39.4%) of the 203 patients who did not. After adjusting for propensity to treat with statin therapy, the benefit attributable to statins was significant (odds ratio, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.14-0.62; P=.001). The 6-month mortality rate of the entire cohort was 28% (95% CI, 23%-34%). No significant difference was found in the propensity-adjusted rate of 6-month mortality between patients who had and had not undergone prior antiplatelet therapy (P=.91) or those who had and had not undergone prior statin therapy (P=.87). CONCLUSION: The rate of symptomatic emboli associated with IE was reduced in patients who received continuous daily statin therapy before onset of IE. Despite fewer embolic events observed in patients who received antiplatelet agents, a significant association was not found after adjusting for propensity factors. A continued evaluation of these drugs and their potential impact on subsequent embolism among IE patients is warranted. PMID:22033251

Anavekar, Nandan S.; Schultz, Jason C.; De Sa, Daniel D. Correa; Thomas, Justin M.; Lahr, Brian D.; Tleyjeh, Imad M.; Steckelberg, James M.; Wilson, Walter R.; Baddour, Larry M.

2011-01-01

222

Regulation of peripheral blood flow in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: clinical implication for symptomatic relief and pain management  

PubMed Central

Background During the chronic stage of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS), impaired microcirculation is related to increased vasoconstriction, tissue hypoxia, and metabolic tissue acidosis in the affected limb. Several mechanisms may be responsible for the ischemia and pain in chronic cold CPRS. Discussion The diminished blood flow may be caused by either sympathetic dysfunction, hypersensitivity to circulating catecholamines, or endothelial dysfunction. The pain may be of neuropathic, inflammatory, nociceptive, or functional nature, or of mixed origin. Summary The origin of the pain should be the basis of the symptomatic therapy. Since the difference in temperature between both hands fluctuates over time in cold CRPS, when in doubt, the clinician should prioritize the patient's report of a persistent cold extremity over clinical tests that show no difference. Future research should focus on developing easily applied methods for clinical use to differentiate between central and peripheral blood flow regulation disorders in individual patients. PMID:19775468

Groeneweg, George; Huygen, Frank JPM; Coderre, Terence J; Zijlstra, Freek J

2009-01-01

223

Approach to chronic cough.  

PubMed

Chronic cough does affect quality of life in children. Most of the times it is treated with over-the-counter cough syrups and antibiotics. The etiology of chronic cough is so diverse, that treatment needs to be directed to the specific etiology, rather than treating symptomatically. Grossly, chronic cough is classified as specific and non-specific cough. Allergic conditions, followed by tuberculosis are more commonly encountered etiologies in India. Baseline investigations to be performed are chest radiograph and peak flow metry. If specific cause of cough is not obvious, then therapeutic trial with ?2 agonist, followed by peak flowmetry to evaluate reversibility of airway hypersensitivity, is useful to label the child asthmatic or non-asthmatic. Rampant uses of antibiotics need to be avoided for conditions like asthma. If tuberculosis is diagnosed or suspected, it is better to treat the child, rather than giving therapeutic trial. Over-the-counter cough syrups are as good as placebo, and should be avoided. Trial of anti asthma, anti allergic rhinitis and anti reflux therapies are avoided, unless the diagnosis is one of these conditions. If the child is distressed or the case seems to be complicated, it is best to refer the child to a tertiary care centre and keep a close follow up. PMID:24752628

Lahiri, Keya Rani; Landge, Amruta Avinash

2014-10-01

224

Multinuclide digital subtraction imaging in symptomatic prostnetic joints  

SciTech Connect

One hundred eleven patients with symptomatic prosthetic joints (86 hips, 23 knees, and two shoulders) were evaluated for prosthetic loosening and infection by combined technetium-99m-MDP/gallium-67 digital subtraction imaging. Clinical correlation was based on the assessment of loosening and bacterial cultures obtained at the time of surgery in 54 patients, joint aspiration cultures obtained in 37 patients, and long-term clinical follow-up for greater than 1.5 years in an additional 15 patients. Results revealed an 80-90% predictive value of a positive test for loosening, and a 95% predictive value of a negative test for infection. However, because of the low sensitivities and specificities observed, this approach to the evaluation of symptomatic prosthetic joints does not seem cost effective.

Chafetz, N.; Hattner, R.S.; Ruarke, W.C.; Helms, C.A.; Genant, H.K.; Murray, W.R.

1985-06-01

225

Symptomatic hemorrhoids: Current incidence and complications of operative therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hemorrhoidal disease affects more than one million Americans per year. We reviewed the treatment pattern for patients who presented with symptomatic hemorrhoids to our large university-affiliated group practice over a 66-month period. Over 21,000 patients presented to the practice with bleeding, thrombosis, or prolapse. Only 9.3 percent of patients required operative therapy. Conservative therapy was given to 45.2 percent of

Ronald Bleday; Juan P. Pena; David A. Rothenberger; Stanley M. Goldberg; John G. Buls

1992-01-01

226

Quality Improvement Guidelines for Uterine Artery Embolization for Symptomatic Leiomyomata  

SciTech Connect

Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is assuming an important role in the treatment of women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomata worldwide. The following guidelines, which have been jointly published with the Society of Interventional Radiology in the Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, are intended to ensure the safe practice of UAE by identifying the elements of appropriate patient selection, anticipated outcomes, and recognition of possible complications and their timely address.

Hovsepian, David M. [Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)], E-mail: hovsepiand@mir.wustl.edu; Siskin, Gary P. [Albany Medical College, Department of Vascular Radiology (United States); Bonn, Joseph [Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Department of Radiology (United States)] (and others)

2004-08-15

227

Regression of Symptomatic Syringomyelia after Resection of Posterior Fossa Tumour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary.  \\u000a ?Syringomyelia associated with posterior fossa tumours is a very infrequent combination of pathological entities. The few\\u000a cases which have been reported generally were asymptomatic in respect of the spinal cavitations. The authors report on a 36-year-old\\u000a woman with a large extradural posterior fossa epidermoid tumour with a concomitant holocord symptomatic syringomyelia. Some\\u000a of her symptoms were clearly attributed to

D. H. D'Osvaldo; J. M. Otero; J. B. Mosconi; J. D. Oviedo

2002-01-01

228

Multichannel Electrogastrography (EGG) in Symptomatic Patients: A Single Center Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES:To determine the value of multichannel versus conventional single-channel electrogastrography (EGG) and of an additional postprandial hour recording in symptomatic patients.METHODS:Eighteen normal subjects and 47 patients with upper GI symptoms underwent multichannel EGG with four cutaneous recording electrodes placed on the antral axis. Fasting EGG was recorded for 1 h, followed by meal ingestion, followed by two 1-h postprandial EGG

Hrair P. Simonian; Kashyap Panganamamula; Jiande Z. Chen; Robert S. Fisher; Henry P. Parkman

2004-01-01

229

Comparison of symptomatic and asymptomatic persons with Alzheimer disease neuropathology  

PubMed Central

Objectives: We sought to identify demographic and clinical features that were associated with expression of symptoms in the presence of Alzheimer disease (AD) neuropathologic changes. Methods: We studied 82 asymptomatic (Clinical Dementia Rating global score = 0) and 824 symptomatic subjects (Clinical Dementia Rating score >0) with low to high AD neuropathologic changes at autopsy who were assessed at 1 of 34 National Institute on Aging–funded Alzheimer’s Disease Centers. All subjects underwent a clinical examination within 1 year of death. Logistic regression was used to evaluate factors associated with the odds of being asymptomatic vs symptomatic. Results: Asymptomatic subjects tended to have low neurofibrillary tangle scores but a wide range of neuritic plaque frequencies. There were, however, a few asymptomatic subjects with very high tangle and neuritic plaque burden, as well as symptomatic subjects with few changes. In the multivariable model, asymptomatic subjects were older (odds ratio [OR] = 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.01–1.07), had lower clinical Hachinski Ischemic Score (OR = 0.82; 95% CI = 0.69–0.97), were less likely to have an APOE ?4 allele (OR = 0.36; 95% CI = 0.16–0.83), and had lower neurofibrillary tangle score (OR = 0.28; 95% CI = 0.17–0.45) compared with symptomatic subjects. Conclusions: Dissociating clinical symptoms from pathologic findings better allows for investigation of preclinical AD. Our results suggest that although the severity of the pathology, particularly neurofibrillary tangles, has a large role in determining the extent of symptoms, other factors, including age, APOE status, and comorbidities such as cerebrovascular disease also explain differences in clinical presentation. PMID:23645594

Mock, Charles; Roe, Catherine M.; Ghoshal, Nupur; Morris, John C.; Cairns, Nigel J.; Kukull, Walter

2013-01-01

230

Damp housing, mould growth, and symptomatic health state  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To examine the relation between damp and mould growth and symptomatic ill health. DESIGN--Cross-sectional study of random sample of households containing children; separate and independent assessments of housing conditions (by surveyor) and health (structured interview by trained researcher). SETTING--Subjects' homes (in selected areas of public housing in Glasgow, Edinburgh, and London). SUBJECTS--Adult respondents (94% women) and 1169 children living in

S. D. Platt; C. J. Martin; S. M. Hunt; C. W. Lewis

1989-01-01

231

Acute cholecystitis as a rare presentation of metastatic breast carcinoma of the Gallbladder: A case report and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is usually associated with metastases to lungs, bones and liver. Breast carcinoma metastasizing to the gallbladder is very rare. We report the case of 45-year-old female with clinical presentation of acute Cholecystitis, who underwent cholecystectomy in emergency. The Gallbladder showed a nodule on the Gallbladder wall. Histological examination disclosed a metastasis from a lobular breast carcinoma with positive hormone receptors. The patient had received three months previously a right mastectomy with axillar dissection followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapyfor lobular breast cancer stage III, PT3N1M0, showing hormone receptors. We present a rare case of acute cholecystitis from metastatic breast cancer three months after management of primary cancer.

Abdelilah, Belhachmi; Mohamed, Ouazni; Yamoul, Rajae; Elkhiyat, Imane; Al Bouzidi, A; Alkandry, Sifeddine; Abdelkader, Eheirchou

2014-01-01

232

Mortality predictors in disabling chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in old age  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: prospectively to evaluate predictors of mortality in elderly patients with disabling chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Methods: 137 (69 men) outpatients, aged 60-89 (mean 73) years with symptomatic disabling chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We collected baseline demographic and physiological data. Subjects completed the Manchester Respiratory Activities of Daily Living Questionnaire, the Brief Assessment Schedule Depression Cards a screening questionnaire for

ABEBAW M. YOHANNES; R OBERT C. BALDWIN; M ARTIN CONNOLLY

233

The role of tissue pressure measurement in diagnosing chronic anterior compartment syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pressure studies were performed in 55 patients (24 with chronic anterior leg pain and 31 asymptomatic recreational athletes). Pressure measurements were recorded at rest, during, and after exercise, using the slit catheter system. Seventeen of the twenty-four pa tients with symptomatic anterior leg pain were diag nosed on the basis of tissue pressure studies as having chronic exertional compartment syndrome.

C. H. Rorabeck; R. B. Bourne; P. J. Fowler; J. B. Finlay; Linda Nott

1988-01-01

234

Acute cholecystitis in high risk surgical patients: percutaneous cholecystostomy versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CHOCOLATE trial): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in acute calculous cholecystitis in high risk patients can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous cholecystostomy may be an alternative treatment option but the current literature does not provide the surgical community with evidence based advice. Methods/Design The CHOCOLATE trial is a randomised controlled, parallel-group, superiority multicenter trial. High risk patients, defined as APACHE-II score 7-14, with acute calculous cholecystitis will be randomised to laparoscopic cholecystectomy or percutaneous cholecystostomy. During a two year period 284 patients will be enrolled from 30 high volume teaching hospitals. The primary endpoint is a composite endpoint of major complications within three months following randomization and need for re-intervention and mortality during the follow-up period of one year. Secondary endpoints include all other complications, duration of hospital admission, difficulty of procedures and total costs. Discussion The CHOCOLATE trial is designed to provide the surgical community with an evidence based guideline in the treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis in high risk patients. Trial Registration Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): NTR2666 PMID:22236534

2012-01-01

235

Genetic risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cigarette smoking is the major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, only a minority of cigarette smokers develop symptomatic disease. Studies of families and twins suggest that genetic factors also contribute to the development of COPD. We present a detailed literature review of the genes which have been investigated as potential risk factors for this disease. The

A. J. Sandford; T. D. Weir; P. D. Paré

1997-01-01

236

From pathogenesis to treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) has several unique features that distinguish it from other cancers. Most CLL tumour cells are inert and arrested in G0\\/G1 of the cell cycle and there is only a small proliferative compartment; however, the progressive accumulation of malignant cells will ultimately lead to symptomatic disease. Pathogenic mechanisms have been elucidated that involve multiple external (for example,

Thorsten Zenz; Daniel Mertens; Ralf Küppers; Hartmut Döhner; Stephan Stilgenbauer

2009-01-01

237

Variable Food-Specific IgG Antibody Levels in Healthy and Symptomatic Chinese Adults  

PubMed Central

Background The presence of food-specific IgG antibodies in human serum may be useful for diagnosis of adverse food reactions. However, the clinical utility of tesing for such antibodies remains very controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum levels and population distribution of food-specific IgGs and their association with chronic symptoms in a large-scale Chinese population. Methodology/Principal Findings A total of 21305 adult participants from different regions of China had 14 type of food-specific serum IgG antibodies that were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Amongthese, 5,394 participants were randomly chosen to complete follow-up questionnaire surveys on their dietary characteristics and chronic symptoms. The concentrations of food-specific IgGs against 14 foods ranged from a median (interquartile range) of 7.3 (3.8, 12.6) U/mL of pork-specfic IgG to 42.3 (28.8, 60.2) U/mL of crab-specific IgG. The concentration of food-specific IgGs was closely related to gender; after adjustment for region and age, women had higher concentrations of food-specific IgGs against all of the 14 foods except chicken (regression coefficient (95% CI): 0.01 (?0.003, 0.023); P?=?0.129) and corn (0.002 (?0.013, 0.016); P?=?0.825). Similar results were also found in the relationship of geographic region to the food-specific IgG concentrations for the 14 foods. Chronic symptoms were negatively associated with the concentrations of a few food-specific IgGs, and were positively associated with the concentrations of other food-specific IgGs. Conclusions The levels of food-specific IgGs were variable both in healthy and in symptomatic Chinese adults. These findings raise awareness that demographic factors, the type of food and specific chronic symptoms should be considered before food elimination treatment based on IgG testing in patients with chronic symptoms is used in clinical practice. PMID:23301096

Wu, Liu-Xin; Li, Hong; Sun, Zhi-Jian; Li, Jing-Bo; Jiang, Hong-Xia; Chen, Zhi-Heng; Wang, Qi-Bin; Chen, Wei-Wei

2013-01-01

238

Treatment of symptomatic macromastia in a breast unit  

PubMed Central

Background Patients suffering from symptomatic macromastia are usually underserved, as they have to put up with very long waiting lists and are usually selected under restrictive criteria. The Oncoplastic Breast Surgery subspeciality requires a cross-specialty training, which is difficult, in particular, for trainees who have a background in general surgery, and not easily available. The introduction of reduction mammaplasty into a Breast Cancer Unit as treatment for symptomatic macromastia could have a synergic effect, making the scarce therapeutic offer at present available to these patients, who are usually treated in Plastic Departments, somewhat larger, and accelerating the uptake of oncoplastic training as a whole and, specifically, the oncoplastic breast conserving procedures based on the reduction mammaplasty techniques such as displacement conservative techniques and onco-therapeutic mammaplasty. This is a retrospective study analyzing the outcome of reduction mammaplasty for symptomatic macromastia in our Breast Cancer Unit. Methods A cohort study of 56 patients who underwent bilateral reduction mammaplasty at our Breast Unit between 2005 and 2009 were evaluated; morbidity and patient satisfaction were considered as end points. Data were collected by reviewing medical records and interviewing patients. Results Eight patients (14.28%) presented complications in the early postoperative period, two of them being reoperated on. The physical symptoms disappeared or significantly improved in 88% of patients and the degree of satisfaction with the care process and with the overall outcome were really high. Conclusion Our experience of the introduction of reduction mammaplasty in our Breast Cancer Unit has given good results, enabling us to learn the use of different reduction mammaplasty techniques using several pedicles which made it posssible to perform oncoplastic breast conserving surgery. In our opinion, this management policy could bring clear advantages both to patients (large-breasted and those with a breast cancer) and surgeons. PMID:21040550

2010-01-01

239

Symptomatic Post-Discectomy Pseudocyst after Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy  

PubMed Central

Objective The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of symptomatic postdiscectomy pseudocyst (PP) after endoscopic discectomy and to compare the results of surgical and conservative management of them. Methods Initial study participants were 1,503 cases (1,406 patients) receiving endoscopic lumbar discectomy by 23-member board of neurosurgeons from March 2003 to October 2008. All patients' postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were evaluated. On the postoperative MRI, cystic lesion of T2W high and T1W low at discectomy site was regarded as PP. Reviews of medical records and radiological findings were done. The PP patients were divided into two groups, surgical and conservative management by treatment modality after PP detection. We compared the results of the two groups using the visual analogue scale (VAS) for low back pain (LBP), VAS for leg pain (LP) and the Oswestry disability index (ODI). Results Among 1,503 cases of all male soldiers, the MRIs showed that pseudocysts formed in 15 patients, about 1.0% of the initial cases. The mean postoperative interval from surgery to PP detection was 53.7 days. Interlaminar approach was correlated with PP formation compared with transforaminal approach (p=0.001). The mean VAS for LBP and LP in the surgical group improved from 6.5 and 4.8 to 2.0 and 2.3, respectively. The mean VAS for LBP and LP in the conservative group improved from 4.4 and 4.4 to 3.9 and 2.3, respectively. There was no difference in treatment outcome between surgical and conservative management of symptomatic PP. Conclusion Although this study was done in limited environment, symptomatic PP was detected at two months' postoperative period in about 1% of cases. Interlaminar approach seems to be more related with PP compared with transforaminal approach. PMID:21494360

Kang, Suk Hyung

2011-01-01

240

Chronic immune thrombocytopenia in childhood.  

PubMed

Chronic thrombocytopenias are pathological conditions defined as a persistent platelet count below the normal range for more than 6-12 months, clinically characterized by mucocutaneous bleeding. Recently, an International Working Group of expert clinicians has redefined standard terminology and definitions of primary and secondary chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). A document issued on acute childhood idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (AIEOP) provides parents and physicians with guidelines for the management of chronic ITP and gives prominence to the periodic re-evaluation of differential diagnosis. The majority of chronic ITP children do not require pharmacological treatments, especially if symptoms are absent or minimal and the treatment decision depends on several factors, in particular clinical conditions rather than platelets count. The recommendations distinguish three therapeutic strategies: emergency or symptomatic treatment, maintenance therapy and treatment aiming at definitive remission. Experimental/off-label treatment of chronic ITP are reported in the literature, such as the use of rituximab. Currently, other drugs (thrombopoiesis stimulating factors, mycophenolate, dapsone, danazol, azathioprine, rFVIIa, cyclophosphamide, vinca alkaloids and cyclosporine) are recommended in special cases or trials. PMID:24492401

Del Vecchio, Giovanni C; De Santis, Attilio; Accettura, Lora; De Mattia, Domenico; Giordano, Paola

2014-06-01

241

Symptomatic adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder--report of a case.  

PubMed

Adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder is a benign and degenerative condition of the gallbladder, characterized by proliferation of the mucosa of the gallbladder wall, forming invaginations and diverticula, penetrating a thickened muscular layer: the so-called Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses (RAS). Most of the patients with adenomyomatosis remain asymptomatic. Hence adenomyomatosis is usually an incidental finding, either on ultrasonography performed for the detection of stones or by histologic examination of surgical gallbladder specimens. Only occasionally does adenomyomatosis not associated with cholelithiasis cause right upper quadrant pain. We report a case of symptomatic adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder. Clinical findings, etiology, diagnosis and therapy are discussed. PMID:12768869

Sermon, A; Himpens, J; Leman, G

2003-04-01

242

Nootropic drugs in Alzheimer's disease: symptomatic treatment with pramiracetam.  

PubMed

The cognitive-enhancing effects of pramiracetam in animal models of learning and memory are characterized by an inverted U-shaped dose-response curve. We evaluated antidementia efficacy of this drug in 10 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease employing a 2-phase, placebo-controlled, enrichment-type trial design. Eight patients evidenced a best dose in the dose-finding phase, but in the subsequent replication phase only two again improved to a similar degree. PETs with fluorodeoxyglucose obtained in two individuals showed no definite change. Doses up to 4,000 mg pramiracetam are unlikely to confer symptomatic benefit to Alzheimer's disease patients. PMID:2011259

Claus, J J; Ludwig, C; Mohr, E; Giuffra, M; Blin, J; Chase, T N

1991-04-01

243

Histopathological Analysis of Salmonella Chronic Carriage in the Mouse Hepatopancreatobiliary System  

PubMed Central

Salmonella Typhi asymptomatic chronic carriage represents a challenge for the diagnosis and prevention of typhoid fever in endemic areas. Such carriers are thought to be reservoirs for further spread of the disease. Gallbladder carriage has been demonstrated to be mediated by biofilm formation on gallstones and by intracellular persistence in the gallbladder epithelium of mice. In addition, both gallstones and chronic carriage have been associated with chronic inflammation and the development of gallbladder carcinoma. However, the pathogenic relationship between typhoid carriage and the development of pre-malignant and/or malignant lesions in the hepatopancreatobiliary system as well as the host-pathogen interactions occurring during chronic carriage remains unclear. In this study, we monitored the histopathological features of chronic carriage up to 1 year post-infection. Chronic cholecystitis and hepatitis ranging from mild to severe were present in infected mice regardless of the presence of gallstones. Biliary epithelial hyperplasia was observed more commonly in the gallbladder of mice with gallstones (uninfected or infected). However, pre-malignant lesions, atypical hyperplasia and metaplasia of the gallbladder and exocrine pancreas, respectively, were only associated with chronic Salmonella carriage. This study has implications regarding the role of Salmonella chronic infection and inflammation in the development of pre-malignant lesions in the epithelium of the gallbladder and pancreas that could lead to oncogenesis. PMID:24349565

Gonzalez-Escobedo, Geoffrey; La Perle, Krista M. D.; Gunn, John S.

2013-01-01

244

Pulmonary hypertension and chronic mountain sickness.  

PubMed

Chronic mountain sickness is a syndrome of severe symptomatic polycythemia and hypoxemia occurring in natives or long-term high altitude sojourners. The condition may be complicated by pulmonary hypertension in proportion to decreased oxygenation, indicating hypoxic vasoconstriction and remodeling. Exercise in these patients is associated with a steep slope of pulmonary artery pressure-flow relationships and decreased vascular distensibility. Correction of pulmonary vascular resistance for increased hematocrit decreases the severity of pulmonary hypertension. Exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension in chronic mountain sickness does not affect exercise capacity, in relation to high oxygen content of the blood and increased lung diffusing capacity. Right ventricular failure seems to be an uncommon complication of chronic mountain sickness, but the exact prevalence of the condition is not known. Acetazolamide given for 6 months to patients with chronic mountain sickness improves oxygenation, polycythemia, and pulmonary artery pressure. PMID:23795731

Naeije, Robert; Vanderpool, Rebecca

2013-06-01

245

Extended surgical resection for xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis mimicking advanced gallbladder carcinoma: A case report and review of literature  

PubMed Central

Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is a destructive inflammatory disease of the gallbladder, rarely involving adjacent organs and mimicking an advanced gallbladder carcinoma. The diagnosis is usually possible only after pathological examination. A 46 year-old woman was referred to our center for suspected gallbladder cancer involving the liver hilum, right liver lobe, right colonic flexure, and duodenum. Brushing cytology obtained by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) showed high-grade dysplasia. The patient underwent an en-bloc resection of the mass, consisting of right lobectomy, right hemicolectomy, and a partial duodenal resection. Pathological examination unexpectedly revealed an XGC. Only six cases of extended surgical resections for XGC with direct involvement of adjacent organs have been reported so far. In these cases, given the possible coexistence of XGC with carcinoma, malignancy cannot be excluded, even after cytology and intraoperative frozen section investigation. In conclusion, due to the poor prognosis of gallbladder carcinoma on one side and possible complications deriving from highly aggressive inflammatory invasion of surrounding organs on the other side, it seems these cases should be treated as malignant tumors until proven otherwise. Clinicians should include XGC among the possible differential diagnoses of masses in liver hilum. PMID:16610041

Spinelli, Antonino; Schumacher, Guido; Pascher, Andreas; Lopez-Hanninen, Enrique; Al-Abadi, Hussain; Benckert, Christoph; Sauer, Igor M; Pratschke, Johann; Neumann, Ulf P; Jonas, Sven; Langrehr, Jan M; Neuhaus, Peter

2006-01-01

246

Chronic Pain  

MedlinePLUS

... a problem you need to take care of. Chronic pain is different. The pain signals go on for ... there is no clear cause. Problems that cause chronic pain include Headache Low back strain Cancer Arthritis Pain ...

247

Symptomatic and silent gall stones in the community.  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of gall stone disease in a stratified random sample of 1896 British adults (72.2% of those approached) was established using real time ultrasound. The prevalence rose with age, except in women of 40-49 years, so that at 60-69 years, 22.4% of women and 11.5% of men had gall stones or had undergone cholecystectomy. The cholecystectomy rate of people with gall stone disease was higher in women than in men (43.5% v 24%, p less than 0.05). Very few subjects with gall stones had convincing biliary symptoms. In women, 10.4% had symptoms according to a questionnaire definition of biliary pain and 6.3% according to conventional history taking, while no men at all admitted to biliary pain. Nevertheless, cholecystectomy in men had nearly always been preceded by convincing biliary symptoms. The age at cholecystectomy was, on average, nine years less than the age at detection of silent gall stones in both sexes. It is concluded that either gall stones are especially prone to cause symptoms in younger people or that there are two kinds of cholelithiasis - symptomatic and silent. The lack of symptomatic gall stones in cross sectional surveys is probably due to their rapid diagnosis and treatment. PMID:2013429

Heaton, K W; Braddon, F E; Mountford, R A; Hughes, A O; Emmett, P M

1991-01-01

248

Treatment of symptomatic interhemispheric arachnoid cysts by cystoperitoneal shunting.  

PubMed

Arachnoid cysts (AC) located within the interhemispheric fissure are rare, frequently associated with agenesis or hypogenesis of the corpus callosum. The optimal method for surgical treatment is under debate. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical results of seven infants (five males, two females; mean age, 5.1 months) with large interhemispheric AC who underwent cystoperitoneal shunting (CP) and evaluated the long-term efficacy in terms of clinical data, psychomotor development and neuroimaging. All patients were symptomatic and operated on before they reached 1 year of age. In three patients, additional ventricular catheters were inserted due to concomitant hydrocephalus. The additional catheters were joined with the cyst catheters and the peritoneal catheters with Y-shaped connectors in the same session. The patients were followed up for an average of 57 months (range 24-120 months). The clinical and developmental outcome was good in most patients with complete resolution of symptoms and signs. The developmental outcome scale, which included cognitive and psychomotor development, was "good" (normal) or "fair" (near normal) for six of seven patients. Radiologically, the cyst was completely or nearly totally resolved in five patients, and partially resolved in two. In these symptomatic patients with interhemispheric AC, CP shunting provided favorable treatment outcomes with complete or near-total resolution of symptoms and reduction in cyst size or disappearance of the cyst. PMID:20303760

Ulu, Mustafa Onur; Kafadar, Ali Metin; Dashti, Reza; I?ler, Cihan; Uluda?, Seyfettin; Erdinçler, Pamir

2010-06-01

249

Conservative management of symptomatic Carpal Bossing in an elite hockey player: a case report  

PubMed Central

Objective: To present the characteristics and create awareness of symptomatic carpal bossing and discuss potential etiologies and the role of conservative management through the presentation of an athlete with traumatic onset of symptomatic carpal bossing. Clinical features: This case report outlines the presentation and conservative management of an elite eighteen year old hockey player with symptomatic carpal bossing after a traumatic on ice collision. Carpal bossing is a bony, dorsal prominence in the quadrangular joint of the wrist that is inconsistently symptomatic. Intervention and outcome: A conservative treatment plan consisting of education, reassurance, avoidance of aggravation, and soft tissue therapy allowed return to play in two weeks without restrictions or need for surgical consultation. Conclusion: With inconsistent recurrence rates and surgical complications, the role of conservative management for symptomatic carpal bossing deserves further exploration. The conservative practitioner should be aware of the signs and symptoms of symptomatic carpal bossing to institute suitable treatment. PMID:20037693

Kissel, Peter

2009-01-01

250

Chronic Pain  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Chronic Pain Information Page Synonym(s): Pain - Chronic Condensed from Pain: Hope Through Research Table of Contents (click to jump ... Trials Organizations Additional resources from MedlinePlus What is Chronic Pain? While acute pain is a normal sensation triggered ...

251

Association Between Hematological Indices and Coronary Calcification in Symptomatic Patients without History of Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Background: Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) has long been shown to involve chronic low-grade subclinical inflammation. However, whether there is association between hematological indices assessed by complete blood count (CBC) and coronary atherosclerotic burden has not been well studied. Materials and Methods: Consecutive 868 patients without known CAD who presented with acute chest pain to emergency department and underwent coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring evaluation by multi-detector cardiac computed tomography were included in our study. Clinical characteristics and CBC indices were compared among different CAC groups. Results: The cohort comprised 60% male with a mean age of 61 (SD = 14) years. Median Framingham risk of CAD was 4% (range 1-16%). Median CAC score was 0 (IQR 0-43). Higher CAC groups had significantly higher Framingham risk of CAD than lower CAC groups (P < 0.001). Among different CAC categories, there was no statistically significant difference in hemoglobin level (p 0.45), mean corpuscular volume (p 0.43), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (p 0.28), mean corpuscular hemoglobin volume (p 0.36), red cell distribution width (0.42), total white blood cell counts (p 0.291), neutrophil counts (p 0.352), lymphocyte counts (p 0.92), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (p 0.68), monocyte count (p 0.48), and platelet counts (p 0.25). Conclusion: Our study did not detect significant association between hematological indices assessed with CBC and coronary calcification in symptomatic patients without known CAD.

Chaikriangkrai, Kongkiat; Kassi, Mahwash; Alchalabi, Sama; Bala, Sayf Khaleel; Adigun, Rosalyn; Botero, Sharleen; Chang, Su Min

2014-01-01

252

Symptomatic failure after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation: A rare but challenging condition  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Limited information is available regarding restenosis after implantation of a sirolimus-eluting stent (SES). OBJECTIVE: To report on angiographic characteristics, clinical presentation and treatment of this particularly complex type of coronary lesion. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1424 SES were implanted in 1159 patients (average 1.2 per patient) for chronic or acute coronary syndromes in the University Hospital of Siena (Siena, Italy), which is a tertiary centre. Symptomatic in-SES restenosis was observed in 26 patients (2.2%) at 10±5 months (median eight months, range four to 23 months) following the initial intervention. In-SES restenosis was associated with stable angina in 16 patients, acute myocardial infarction in three patients and unstable angina in seven patients. Two patients had restenosis in two separate SES. Conditions often associated with in-SES restenosis included treatment of chronic total occlusion, geographic miss or in-stent restenosis during the index procedure. Among the first 20 patients, those with focal, in-body SES (type Ic) restenosis received balloon-only angioplasty, and patients with other patterns received repeat SES implantation. Clinical and angiographic follow-up (average 16±7 months) recorded one death (noncardiac) in the balloon-only group and four cases of unstable angina (three due to relapsing in-SES restenosis in the balloon-only group and the fourth due to a de novo lesion). Follow-up quantitative angiography showed a higher incidence of binary restenosis after balloon-only treatment (57% versus 17%; P<0.05), as well as higher lumen loss and loss index (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Restenosis after SES implantation occurs more commonly in a focal pattern in-body or at the proximal edge of the stent. Repeat SES implantation appears to be a safer and more effective therapeutic choice than balloon-only angioplasty. PMID:17311120

Fineschi, Massimo; Gori, Tommaso; Pierli, Carlo; Casini, Stefano; Sinicropi, Giuseppe; Buti, Alberto; Iadanza, Alessandro; Bravi, Achille

2007-01-01

253

Radiofrequency Ablation for Treatment of Symptomatic Uterine Fibroids  

PubMed Central

The use of thermal energy-based systems to treat uterine fibroids has resulted in a plethora of devices that are less invasive and potentially as effective in reducing symptoms as traditional options such as myomectomy. Most thermal ablation devices involve hyperthermia (heating of tissue), which entails the conversion of an external electromagnetic or ultrasound waves into intracellular mechanical energy, generating heat. What has emerged from two decades of peer-reviewed research is the concept that hyperthermic fibroid ablation, regardless of the thermal energy source, can create large areas of necrosis within fibroids resulting in reductions in fibroid volume, associated symptoms and the need for reintervention. When a greater percentage of a fibroid's volume is ablated, symptomatic relief is more pronounced, quality of life increases, and it is more likely that such improvements will be durable. We review radiofrequency ablation (RFA), one modality of hyperthermic fibroid ablation. PMID:21961009

Jones, Sian; O'Donovan, Peter; Toub, David

2012-01-01

254

[Transanal staplermucosectomy for symptomatic rectocele with outlet obstruction].  

PubMed

Between 1.1.2001 and 30.6.2002 n = 52 female patients with symptomatic isolated anterior rectocele underwent transanal staplermucosectomy. All of them were suffering from outlet obstruction. In addition 9 patients complained incontinence grade I and n = 1 incontinence grade III. Complete colonoscopy, defecography and combined anal manometry with needle EMG were carried out preoperativly for exclusion of synchronous pathological findings. Sphinctermanometry showed a significant lower preoperative resting pressure (p < 0.01, t-test ) of 77.0 +/- 21.0 cm H (2)O in comparison to a normal collective. Surgical procedure consisted in a modified staplerresection of the rectocele area with tightening of the anterior rectal wall. No intraoperative complications occurred and outlet obstruction disappeared in all patients. Further investigations have to be performed to show long-term effects of this procedure. PMID:15237327

Bönner, C; Prohm, P

2004-06-01

255

Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease Associated with Symptomatic CD4 Lymphocytopenia  

PubMed Central

Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a rare benign condition of necrotising histiocytic lymphadenitis with unknown aetiology. We describe here a 30-year-old African American female who presented with fever, generalized rash, cervical lymphadenopathy, and oral candidiasis and was found to have Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease on lymph node biopsy with low CD4 count. The initial presentation was concerning for acute retroviral infection. Her HIV serology and HIV RNA PCR were negative however she had low CD4 count with reversal of CD4/CD8 ratio. Although low CD4 count has been associated with autoimmune disease, it has not been described with Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease. We report the first case of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease associated with symptomatic CD4 lymphocytopenia. PMID:25313340

Yogarajah, Meera; Sivasambu, Bhradeev

2014-01-01

256

Adolescents with symptomatic laminolysis: report of two cases  

PubMed Central

Retroisthmic cleft refers to a cleft in the lamina and is rarely reported. It was first described by Brocher, and later Wick et al. proposed the term “laminolysis” to describe the retroisthmic cleft by analogy with the nomenclature of the applied stress fracture of the pars interarticularis (spondylolysis) and the pedicle (pediculolysis). In this paper, we describe two adolescent sports players with symptomatic lumbar laminolysis. Both improved significantly after adequate conservative treatment. Knowledge of laminolysis in adolescent patients with low back pain is necessary to avoid overlooking it and late diagnosis. For correct diagnosis, multidetector three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) is suggested. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also allows detection of inflammation in the defects. PMID:20721597

Sakai, Toshinori; Takao, Shoichiro; Kosaka, Hirofumi; Yasui, Natsuo

2010-01-01

257

Symptomatic sinus bradycardia: A rare adverse effect of intravenous ondansetron  

PubMed Central

Ondansetron is a serotonin receptor antagonist which has been used frequently to reduce the incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting in laparoscopic surgery. It has become very popular drug for the prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting due to its superiority in-terms of efficacy as well as lack of side effects and drug interactions. Although cardiovascular adverse effects of this drug are rare, we found a case of symptomatic sinus bradycardia in a 43-year-old female patient, going for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, who developed the same after she was given intravenous ondansetron in operation theater during premedication. Hence, we report this case, as the rare possibility of encountering bradycardia effect after intravenous administration of ondansetron should be born in mind. PMID:21655029

Moazzam, Md Shahnawaz; Nasreen, Farah; Bano, Shahjahan; Amir, Syed Hussain

2011-01-01

258

Clinically symptomatic heterozygous carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency.  

PubMed

Two symptomatic patients with heterozygous carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency are reported. Patient 1, a 21-year-old female professional tennis player, suffered from exercise-induced attacks of muscle pain, burning sensations and proximal weakness. Patient 2, a 30-year-old male amateur marathon runner developed muscle cramps and rhabdomyolysis upon extensive exercise and insolation-induced fever. In both patients, the common p.S113L mutation was found in heterozygote state. No second mutation could be found upon sequencing of all the exons of CPT2 gene including exon-intron boundaries. Biochemically, residual CPT activity in muscle homogenate upon inhibition by malonyl-CoA and Triton-X-100 was intermediate between controls and patients with mutations on both alleles. Although CPT II deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder, the reported patients indicate that heterozygotes might also have typical attacks of myalgia, pareses or rhabdomyolysis. PMID:23184072

Joshi, Pushpa Raj; Deschauer, Marcus; Zierz, Stephan

2012-12-01

259

Long term prognosis of symptomatic and asymptomatic cerebral aneurysms.  

PubMed

The authors analyze the follow-up series of 58 patients with diagnosed cerebral aneurysms who were either not treated surgically or, in surgically treated cases, in which the aneurysmal neck was not clipped. The patients are divided in three groups: untreated ruptured; ruptured treated by coating, vessel ligation or aneurysmal dome clipping; and asymptomatic cases. During the follow-up period of three to ten years, there were no bleedings from asymptomatic aneurysms and only one rebleeding from symptomatic operated aneurysms. As can be expected in the group of ruptured unoperated aneurysms, the rate of rebleeding was 40.9% with a mortality rate of 31.7%. The natural history of asymptomatic aneurysms is unclear regarding the risk of bleeding, and regardless of the obtained follow-up results in our cases, we think that all diagnosed cerebral aneurysms must be treated surgically. Certainly, individual cases must be evaluated. PMID:1870716

Samardzic, M; Grujicic, D; Djordjic, L; Joksimovic, M

1991-01-01

260

Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD) with Symptomatic Erythrocytosis  

PubMed Central

Secondary erythrocytosis of cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) is pathologically different from primary erythrocytosis of polycythemia vera (PV). An association between elevated hematocrit and thrombosis has been established in PV patients, and treatment guidelines recommend maintaining hematocrit <45%. Although an association between elevated hematocrit and thrombosis has not been established in CCHD and secondary erythrocytosis, the current clinical practice is to phlebotomize these patients to hematocrit <65%. We report a 21-year-old woman with CCHD who presented with symptomatic erythrocytosis with numbness and tingling with hemoglobin 25.2 g/dl and hematocrit 75.8%. Her symptoms resolved with IV hydration. Other factors, including dehydration and iron deficiency, may precipitate hyperviscosity symptoms. The treatment is volume replacement and low-dose iron therapy, not phlebotomy. Repeated phlebotomy causes iron deficiency with microcytic erythrocytes, which increases the whole blood viscosity and, therefore, can potentially accentuate rather than decrease the risk for a cerebrovascular accident. PMID:17917783

Shah, Ashish A.; Hoover, Donald R.; Saidi, Parvin

2007-01-01

261

Laparoscopy in the management of emphysematous cholecystitis and secondary appendicitis in an 11-year-old child with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

Acute abdomen in a diabetic child may cause diagnostic dilemma. Acalculous emphysematous cholecystitis (EC), although reported among critically ill or diabetic adults, is an uncommon occurrence in the children. It may complicate the presentation due to its varied manifestations; especially when associated with other concomitant intra-abdominal inflammatory pathologies. We encountered a rare concurrence of acute EC complicated with pericholecystic fluid collection and secondary appendicitis causing non-specific acute abdomen in an 11-year-old obese boy with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Laparoscopy proved to be a highly useful tool in the diagnosis and treatment of this surgical dilemma. PMID:22005368

Pal, Kamalesh

2011-01-01

262

Incidence of Symptomatic Vertebral Fractures in Patients After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of secondary symptomatic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) in patients previously treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty (VTP). Three hundred sixteen patients with 486 treated VCFs were included in the study according to the inclusion criteria. Patients were kept in regular follow-up using a standardized questionairre before, 1 day, 7 days, 6 months, and 1 year after, and, further on, on a yearly basis after VTP. The incidence of secondary symptomatic VCF was calculated, and anatomical distribution with respect to previous fractures characterized. Mean follow-up was 8 months (6-56 months) after VTP. Fifty-two of 316 (16.4 %) patients (45 female, 7 male) returned for treatment of 69 secondary VCFs adjacent to (35/69; 51%) or distant from (34/69; 49%) previously treated levels. Adjacent secondary VCF occurred significantly more often compared to distant secondary VCF. Of the total 69 secondary VCFs, 35 of 69 occurred below and 27 of 69 above pretreated VCFs. Of the 65 sandwich levels generated, in 7 of 65 (11%) secondary VCFs were observed. Secondary VCF below pretreated VCF occurred significantly earlier in time compared to VCF above and compared to sandwich body fractures. No major complication occurred during initial or follow-up intervention. We conclude that secondary VCFs do occur in individuals after VTP but the rate found in our study remains below the level expected from epidemiologic studies. Adjacent fractures occur more often and follow the cluster distribution of VCF as expected from the natural history of the underlying osteoporosis. No increased rate of secondary VCF after VTP was observed in this retrospective analysis. In accordance with the pertinent literature, short-term and also midterm clinical results are encouraging and provide further support for the usefulness and the low complication rate of this procedure as an adjunct to the spectrum of pain management in patients with severe midline back pain due to osteoporotic spine fractures.

Hierholzer, Johannes, E-mail: jhierholzer@klinikumevb.de; Fuchs, Heiko; Westphalen, Kerstin; Baumann, Clemens; Slotosch, Christine [Klinikum Ernst von Bergmann gGmbH, Academic Teaching Hospital, Charite, University Medicine Berlin, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Schulz, Rudolf [Klinikum Ernst von Bergmann, Musculoskeletal Surgery (Germany)

2008-11-15

263

Primary Angioplasty for Symptomatic Atherosclerotic Middle Cerebral Artery Stenosis  

PubMed Central

Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical and angiographic outcomes after primary balloon angioplasty in patients with symptomatic middle cerebral artery (MCA, M1 segment) stenosis refractory to medical therapy. Materials and Methods Eleven patients with intracranial stenosis were treated with primary balloon angioplasty. All patients had MCA stenosis with recurrent transient ischemic attack (TIA). The indication for balloon angioplasty was patients with significant MCA stenosis: 1) age older than 18 years with recurrent or progressive TIA or infarction despite optimal medical therapy, including anti-coagulation, dual anti-platelet, and anti-lipid medication; 2) previous ischemic events or asymptomatic severe stenosis (more than 50%) with poor collateral cerebral circulation, or diminished cerebral perfusion on single photon emission computed tomography before and after administration of the intravenous dosage of acetazolamide. Results The median age of patients was 53 years (range 44-79). The technical success rate was 100%. Mean pretreatment stenosis degree was 83.63 ± 9.53% and 29.1 ± 15.4% before and after angioplasty, respectively. Procedural-related complications occurred in four of 11 patients (36%), but none of the patients had permanent neurological deficit. All patients were available for an average follow-up period of 19.4 ± 5.1 months. One patient had a stroke in the territory of angioplasty at two months after angioplasty. The stroke free survival rate at 30 days and 12 months was 100% and 91%, respectively. Restenosis over 50% was observed in three of 11 patients (27%); all were asymptomatic. Conclusion Intracranial angioplasty for symptomatic MCA stenosis refractory to medical therapy can be a treatment option to reduce the risk of further TIA or stroke. PMID:25340017

Chang, Youn Hyuk; Kwon, O-Ki

2014-01-01

264

Results of simple excision technique in the surgical treatment of symptomatic accessory navicular bones  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionAccessory navicular bones might cause not only cosmetic problems but also be a reason of discomfort and pain. In case of inefficient conservative treatment symptomatic accessory naviculars are treated surgically.Aim of paper: Presentation of results of simple excision of symptomatic accessory navicular.

Barbara Jasiewicz; Tomasz Potaczek; Wojciech K?cki; Maciej T?siorowski; Ewa Lipik

2008-01-01

265

Long-Term Outcome of Rubber Band Ligation for Symptomatic Primary and Recurrent Internal Hemorrhoids  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: Rubber band ligation therapy for symptomatic hemorrhoidal disease has been used for many years and is a well-accepted treatment modality, but information on longterm outcome is limited. Our goals were to determine safety and long-term efficacy of this treatment. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients undergoing rubber band ligatures for symptomatic internal hemorrhoids in a single practice was

V. S. Iyer; I. Shrier; P. H. Gordon

2004-01-01

266

Outcome in patients undergoing unilateral uterine artery embolization for symptomatic fibroids  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMS: To evaluate patients undergoing uterine artery embolization for symptomatic fibroids who, for technical reasons, underwent unilateral rather than bilateral embolization.PATIENTS: Prospective data were collected on 109 patients undergoing uterine artery embolization for symptomatic fibroids. Of these, six underwent unilateral embolization. They were followed with ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3, 6 and 12 months. Patients' histories were

T Nicholson

2004-01-01

267

Clinical outcomes following percutaneous magnetic resonance image guided laser ablation of symptomatic uterine fibroids  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Fibroids are common benign tumours of the uterus. Percutaneous magnetic resonance (MR) image guided laser ablation provides a minimally invasive, day-case alternative to surgery for the treatment of symptomatic fibroids. METHODS: Women with symptomatic fibroids wishing to avoid surgery were treated with laser ablation. MR thermal mapping ensured that maximal safe energy was applied. Fibroid volume was measured at

J. T. Hindley; P. A. Law; M. Hickey; S. C. Smith; D. L. Lamping; W. M. W. Gedroyc; L. Regan

2002-01-01

268

Coronary calcium and standard risk factors in symptomatic patients referred for coronary angiography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare quantitative estimates of coronary calcification with traditional coronary risk factors to determine their independent predictive power for the diagnosis of obstructive angiographic coronary artery disease in symptomatic patients. Methods: Three hundred sixty-eight symptomatic patients underwent coronary angiography and electron beam computed tomography at four different centers between April 1989 and December

John Kennedy; Robert Shavelle; Shaojun Wang; Matthew Budoff; Robert C. Detrano

1998-01-01

269

Recurrence Risk after a First Remote Symptomatic Unprovoked Seizure in Childhood: A Prospective Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess recurrence risk after a first remote symptomatic unprovoked seizure in childhood. All consecutive patients younger than 14 years with a first remote symptomatic unprovoked seizure who were seen at our hospital between 1994 and 2006 were included in the study and prospectively followed. Only two patients received…

Ramos-Lizana, J.; Aguirre-Rodriguez, J.; Aguilera-Lopez, P.; Cassinello-Garcia, E.

2009-01-01

270

Chronic leukemia.  

PubMed

The chronic leukemias include chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). CML is a clonal myeloproliferative hematopoietic stem-cell disorder, and CLL is a monoclonal B-cell disorder. CML is Philadelphia chromosome positive. There are 3 phases of CML: the chronic phase, the accelerated phase, and the blast phase. The primary treatment of CML consists of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. CLL can present as indolent or fulminant disease. Early disease is managed with observation. Fulminant disease is currently treated with alkylating agents, purine analogues, and monoclonal antibodies, but new biotarged therapies are being developed. PMID:24267282

Greenberg, Edythe M Lyn; Probst, Alexandra

2013-12-01

271

Chronic bronchitis in textile workers  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Exposure to cotton is known to produce a specific occupational disease known as byssinosis. A large population of textile workers was investigated to determine whether such exposure was also associated with chronic bronchitis once other possible aetiological factors had been accounted for. METHODS: A total of 2991 workers were investigated for the presence of symptoms compatible with chronic bronchitis. An MRC adapted respiratory questionnaire and MRC definition of chronic bronchitis were used for diagnostic labelling. Current and lifetime exposure to dust was estimated by personal and work area sampling, and the use of records of retrospective dust levels previously measured over the preceding 10 years. Airborne endotoxin exposure was measured using a quantitative turbidometric assay. Lung function tests were performed to measure forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC). A control group of workers exposed to man-made fibre textiles was identified. The comparative prevalence of chronic bronchitis in the two populations was assessed, allowing for sex, age, smoking habit, and ethnic origin. Two case referent studies were also performed; cases of chronic bronchitis were separately matched with controls from the cotton and control populations to determine the effect of the symptomatic state on lung function. RESULTS: After controlling for smoking (pack years), workers in a cotton environment were significantly more likely to suffer from chronic bronchitis and this was most marked in workers over 45 years of age (odds ratio 2.51 (CI 1.3 to 4.9); p < 0.01). Regression analysis of all possible influencing parameters showed that cumulative exposure to cotton dust was significantly associated with chronic bronchitis after the effects of age, sex, smoking, and ethnic group were accounted for (p < 0.0005). In the intra-cotton population case control study a diagnosis of chronic bronchitis was associated with a small decrement in lung function compared with controls: percentage predicted FEV1 in cases 81.4% (95% CI 78.3 to 84.6), controls 86.7% (84.9 to 88.5); FVC in cases 89.9% (95% CI 87.0 to 92.9), controls 94.6% (92.8 to 96.4). After controlling for cumulative past exposure and pack years of smoking the effect of the diagnostic state remained significant for both FEV1 (p < 0.01) and FVC (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic bronchitis is more prevalent in cotton workers than in those working with man-made fibre and exposure is additive to the effect of smoking. The diagnosis of chronic bronchitis is associated with a small but significant decrement in lung function. ??? PMID:9039235

Niven, R. M.; Fletcher, A. M.; Pickering, C. A.; Fishwick, D.; Warburton, C. J.; Simpson, J. C.; Francis, H.; Oldham, L. A.

1997-01-01

272

Natural history of bacteriuria in women with primary biliary cirrhosis and the effect of antimicrobial therapy in symptomatic and asymptomatic groups.  

PubMed Central

Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients have an increased incidence of recurrent urinary tract infection compared with patients with other chronic liver diseases. The course of significant asymptomatic and symptomatic bacteriuria in women with PBC was evaluated: consecutive patients were screened for bacteriuria at their outpatient appointments. Bacteriuric patients who were asymptomatic (n = 21) were randomised to receive antimicrobial therapy (n = 11), or no therapy (n = 10). Bacteriuric patients who were symptomatic (n = 13) were treated. All were followed up by weekly dipslide examination of urine. The course of bacteriuria in the 13 symptomatic and 11 asymptomatic treated patients was similar in terms of the medium interval between successive infective episodes (three and four weeks respectively), the number of relapses (six and seven) and reinfections (14 and 18). Most untreated asymptomatic patients became abacteriuric spontaneously but became reinfected with a different organism during the study period. A separate group of 24 PBC patients with no previous bacteriologically proved urinary tract infection was followed weekly in a similar fashion: seven (29%) became bacteriuric for two to four weeks during a three month period. This study suggests that treatment of recurrent bacteriuric episodes in PBC patients does not alter the natural history of their infection. The long term implication of periodically infected urine in these patients is currently unknown. PMID:7615287

Butler, P; Hamilton-Miller, J M; McIntyre, N; Burroughs, A K

1995-01-01

273

Endoscopic naso-gallbladder drainage in the treatment of acute cholecystitis: alleviates inflammation and fixes operator's aim during early laparoscopic cholecystectomy.  

PubMed

In 1984, Kozarek first reported the use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) to perform selective cannulation of the cystic duct, and since then this procedure has also been reported by others. With this procedure, disorders in the gallbladder can be examined in detail, using, for example, selective cytology, and drainage for acute cholecytitis can also be performed. With this procedure, we were able to successfully perform early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Although surgery is often problematic in patients with acute cholecystitis because of inflammation, making Callot's triangle difficult to distinguish, the use of endoscopic naso-gallbladder drainage (ENGBD) during surgery enables us to identify the cystic duct for catheter cannulation. We performed early LC for acute cholecystitis in 18 of 22 patients, while 18 other patients underwent open cholecystectomy during the same period (retrospective study). These two groups were then compared. The LC group had shorter pre- and postoperative periods and shorter hospitalization (P < 0.05). ENGBD resulted in very little bleeding. None of the ENGBD patients required conversion to open surgery, whereas 11.1% of the non-ENGBD patients were converted. ENGBD was successfully employed in 18 of the initial 22 (81.8%) patients. The favorable points in using ENGBD with LC were that (i) the gallbladder inflammation was alleviated even if patients had ascites, and (ii) use of ENGBD normally improved visualization and made cystic duct identification easier. However, if ERCP cannot be carried out, the performance of ENGBD must also be ruled out. PMID:16547666

Toyota, Naoyuki; Takada, Tadahiro; Amano, Hodaka; Yoshida, Masahiro; Miura, Fumihiko; Wada, Keita

2006-01-01

274

Irritable bowel syndrome: a mild disorder; purely symptomatic treatment.  

PubMed

(1) Patients frequently complain of occasional bowel movement disorders, associated with abdominal pain or discomfort, but they are rarely due to an underlying organ involvement. Even when patients have recurrent symptoms, serious disorders are no more frequent in these patients than in the general population, unless other manifestations, anaemia, or an inflammatory syndrome is also present; (2) There is currently no way of radically modifying the natural course of recurrent irritable bowel syndrome; (3) The effects of antispasmodics on abdominal pain have been tested in about 20 randomised controlled trials. Pinaverium and peppermint essential oil have the best-documented efficacy and only moderate adverse effects. Antispasmodics with marked atropinic effects do not have a favourable risk-benefit balance; (4) Tricylic antidepressants seem to have only modest analgesic effects in this setting. In contrast, their adverse effects are frequent and they have somewhat negative risk-benefit balances. Nor has the efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants (SSRIs) been demonstrated; (5) Alosetron and tegaserod carry a risk of potentially life-threatening adverse effects and therefore have negative risk-benefit balances; (6) Seeds of plants such as psyllium and ispaghul, as well as raw apples and pears, have a limited impact on constipation and pain. Osmotic laxatives are effective on constipation. Symptomatic treatments for constipation can sometimes aggravate abdominal discomfort; (7) Loperamide has been poorly assessed in patients with recurrent irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea. It modestly slows bowel movement but does not relieve pain or abdominal discomfort; (8) Dietary measures have not been tested in comparative trials. Some patients are convinced that certain foods provoke a recurrence of irritable bowel syndrome, but restrictive diets carry a risk of nutritional deficiencies; (9) Various techniques intended to control emotional and psychological disturbances have been proposed, including relaxation, biofeedback, hypnosis, and psychotherapy. The results of clinical trials are not convincing; (10) Oral products containing live bacteria, designed to change the equilibrium of intestinal flora, have been tested in 13 placebo-controlled trials, with inconsistent results. A few cases of septicaemia have been reported; (11) The six available trials of acupuncture (versus sham acupuncture) showed no more than a placebo effect; (12) In practice, patients who have recurrent irritable bowel syndrome but with no other signs of a condition warranting specific treatment should be reassured as to the harmless nature of their disorder if a careful physical examination and basic laboratory tests are negative. The only available treatments have purely symptomatic effects and only limited efficacy. It is best to avoid using all treatments and additional diagnostic investigations that carry a risk of disproportionate adverse effects. PMID:19585728

2009-04-01

275

Symptomatic splenic hamartoma: case report and literature review.  

PubMed

An 11-year-old girl with low-grade fever, night sweats, thrombocytopenia, and an 8-year history of progressive splenomegaly underwent an elective splenectomy. Pathologic diagnosis was multiple splenic hamartoma. The patient's symptoms resolved after the splenectomy. Since first described by Rokitansky in 1861, approximately 140 cases of splenic hamartoma have been described in the literature. Most of the splenic hamartomas were discovered incidentally. A minority of these lesions were associated with hematologic symptoms such as pancytopenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Only 20 of the reported cases of splenic hamartoma occurred in pediatric patients. However, compared with the adult patients, nearly half of these cases in pediatric patients was associated with symptoms. Splenectomy and partial splenectomy have relieved these symptoms. With advances in imaging, splenic hamartomas are being discovered with increasing frequency. A multimodal radiologic work-up has enabled some cases of splenic hamartoma to be diagnosed preoperatively. Inclusion of this benign entity in the differential diagnoses of symptomatic splenomegaly in a pediatric patient is important in the preoperative management and counseling of the patient and family. In patients who have discrete lesions, consideration of this entity preoperatively may avoid total splenectomy. PMID:9565443

Hayes, T C; Britton, H A; Mewborne, E B; Troyer, D A; Saldivar, V A; Ratner, I A

1998-05-01

276

Unusual symptomatic inclusion cysts in a newborn: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Dental lamina cysts are cysts that occur as white or pink small nodules, often multiple, approximately 1 to 3mm in diameter. They are typically located on the midpalatine raphe and less frequently on the maxillary and mandibular alveolar mucosa; in the latter case these can be appear to be neonatal teeth. On microscopic examination, these lesions show a stratified squamous epithelium (two to three cell layers); it is possible to find protein, keratin and/or exfoliated epithelial cells in the lumen of the lesions. Neonatal cysts usually show no particular symptoms. They are associated with an excellent prognosis because they regress spontaneously within a few weeks and are not associated to any complications. However, if pain, bleeding or other symptoms occur, a surgical excision is required. Case presentation In this paper, we present an anomalous case of symptomatic dental lamina cyst which affected a 60-day-old male Caucasian newborn. The surgical treatment was elective in this case and 6-month follow-ups were mandatory. Conclusions We can underline the successful predictability of the surgical approach; however, we consider that the treatment choice should take place in the light of medical history and clinical considerations, and always be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Further studies and reviews in this field should be performed in order to suggest guidelines for clinicians, although these cases are rare. PMID:25241967

2014-01-01

277

Increased prevalence of symptomatic macrovascular disease in systemic sclerosis.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES--To determine the prevalence of symptomatic macrovascular disease, as defined by the World Health Organisation questionnaire for intermittent claudication, in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), and to compare the prevalence in this population with a cross sectional population study group reported in the Edinburgh Artery Study (EAS). METHODS--A group of 53 patients with a diagnosis of limited or diffuse systemic sclerosis were identified from our register. They were asked to complete the WHO questionnaire to establish the presence or absence of intermittent claudication. In addition, each patient's case notes were reviewed to establish the existence of definite peripheral vascular disease and to determine their risk factor profile. RESULTS--Forty six patients responded to the questionnaire, giving a response rate of 87%. Intermittent claudication was found in 10 SSc patients (21.7%) according to the questionnaire (two with diffuse and eight with limited SSc), compared with a prevalence rate of 4.6% for claudication in the EAS. Three SSc patients experienced clinical events attributable to occlusion of a major artery proven on angiography. Four patients had hypertension, there were three current and four ex-smokers, and two had increased total cholesterol. None of these patients had diabetes. CONCLUSIONS--This study demonstrated a greater prevalence of macrovascular disease in patients with SSc than had been found in a neighbouring population. PMID:7492228

Veale, D J; Collidge, T A; Belch, J J

1995-01-01

278

Risk stratification of normotensive patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism.  

PubMed

Treatment guidelines recommend strong consideration of thrombolysis in patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) that present with arterial hypotension or shock because of the high risk of death in this setting. For haemodynamically stable patients with PE, the categorization of risk for subgroups may assist with decision-making regarding PE therapy. Clinical models [e.g. Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI)] may accurately identify those at low risk of overall death in the first 3 months after the diagnosis of PE, and such patients might benefit from an abbreviated hospital stay or outpatient therapy. Though some evidence suggests that a subset of high-risk normotensive patients with PE may have a reasonable risk to benefit ratio for thrombolytic therapy, single markers of right ventricular dysfunction (e.g. echocardiography, spiral computed tomography, or brain natriuretic peptide testing) and myocardial injury (e.g. cardiac troponin T or I testing) have an insufficient positive predictive value for PE-specific mortality to drive decision-making toward such therapy. Recommendations for outpatient treatment or thrombolytic therapy for patients with PE necessitate further development of prognostic models and conduct of clinical trials that assess various treatment strategies. PMID:20955409

Jiménez, David; Aujesky, Drahomir; Yusen, Roger D

2010-12-01

279

Percutaneous vertebroplasty in symptomatic hemangioma versus osteoporotic compression fracture  

PubMed Central

Background: Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) is more commonly used for osteoporotic compression fractures (OCFs) and osteolytic vertebral body tumors. This study aimed to study the differences between OCFs and vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) treated with PVP. Materials and Methods: Between September 2007 and January 2010, we prospectively treated 28 consecutive patients of OCFs (43 recently symptomatic OCFs) and 24 cases of VHs (26 VHs). We used visual analogue scale (VAS) pain and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) to evaluate the patients. The followup period in group 1 and 2 were 25.1 months (range 12 - 31 months) and 21.3 months (range 14 - 28 months), respectively. Comparison of means was carried out with the Chi Square Tests, t-test, and N Par-Test for multiple comparisons, whenever appropriate. The level of statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: Following PVP the VAS score decreased to 4.57 and 4.17 in group 1 and 2, respectively. The ODI scores were 32.5% and 30%, respectively. This decrease in ODI scores lasted throughout the followup period. Conclusions: Although the preoperative scores were significantly different between group 1 and 2, there was no significant difference between two groups following the PVP. PMID:23798752

Omidi-Kashani, Farzad; Hasankhani, Ebrahim G; Akhlaghi, Saeed; Golhasani-Keshtan, Farideh; Toosi, Katayoun Z

2013-01-01

280

Neonatal symptomatic thromboembolism in Germany: two year survey  

PubMed Central

AIMS—To determine the incidence of neonatal thromboembolism in Germany.?METHODS—Diagnostic imaging techniques, therapeutic modalities, and short term outcome were evaluated in a prospective nationwide two year case registry study.?RESULTS—The reported incidence of symptomatic neonatal thromboembolism, diagnosed in most cases with Doppler ultrasonography, was 5.1 per 100 000 births, with a total of 79 cases registered: renal venous thrombosis (n=35); venous thrombosis (n=25); and arterial vascular occlusion (n=19). Fifty seven of 79 thromboses were associated with additional risk factors (central line n=25, asphyxia n=13, septicaemia n=11, dehydration n=6, maternal diabetes n=2, cardiac disease n=1). Inherited thrombophilia was also diagnosed in seven out of 35 cases investigated. Twenty three children received supportive treatment: 42 received heparin and in 13 neonates thrombolytic agents were administered. Most neonates (91%) survived; seven died.?CONCLUSION—Controlled multicentre studies are needed to obtain more information on treatment efficacy.?? Keywords: thromboembolism; Doppler ultrasonography; heparin; thrombolytic agents; Germany PMID:9175945

Nowak-Gottl, U.; von Kries, R.; Gobel, U.

1997-01-01

281

Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Carotid Stenosis: An Obsolete Classification?  

PubMed Central

Since many years, clinical decisions about the management of patients with carotid stenosis have been based on the distinction between “asymptomatic” and “symptomatic” presentations. This was also reflected by the design of previous studies on the surgical versus conservative treatment and of current studies on interventional treatment versus surgery. Both terms, however, only address different phases of activity of the one and the same condition and blur the significant message that carotid stenosis is a most important marker of systemic atherosclerosis, which is accompanied by a much higher risk of cardiovascular events rather than stroke. As a consequence, early diagnosis and followup during best medical treatment, life-style management, regular cardiovascular assessment, and good control of all vascular risk factors should be recommended in all patients with carotid stenosis—whether identified in the long-lasting “silent” or short-lasting “vulnerable” period lasting only a few weeks after cerebral ischemia. Patients in this short time window benefit from additional carotid intervention, under the condition of an individually favorable benefit-risk ratio (“individual vulnerability”). PMID:22315705

Chatzikonstantinou, Anastasios; Wolf, Marc E.; Schaefer, Anke; Hennerici, Michael G.

2012-01-01

282

[Treating chronic occlusive arterial disease].  

PubMed

The basis for the treatment of chronic occlusive arterial disease, in whatever stage, is the management of the cardiovascular risk factors as a secondary preventive measure. In the absence of contraindications, every symptomatic POAD patient should be given an antiplatelet agent. In stage I disease, prevention of progression is the overriding aim. In stage II, risk factor management and an antiplatelet agent are indicated. In addition to a walking exercise program, the reconstruction of occluded vessels may be indicated. The decision to apply interventional treatment or vascular surgery in stage II and IV disease; must be based on the morphology of the vascular lesion and concomitant diseases. If revascularization is not possible, treatment with PGE1 is recommended. As a life-saving measure when all else has failed, an amputation must be done. PMID:15934585

Rottman, M; Koepchen, J; Angelkort, B

2005-05-01

283

Hemoglobin Targets and Blood Transfusions in Hemodialysis Patients without Symptomatic Cardiac Disease Receiving Erythropoietin Therapy  

PubMed Central

Background and objectives: Optimal hemoglobin targets for chronic kidney disease patients receiving erythropoiesis-stimulating agents remain controversial. The effects of different hemoglobin targets on blood transfusion requirements have not been well characterized, despite their relevance to clinical decision-making. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Five hundred ninety-six incident hemodialysis patients without symptomatic cardiac disease were randomly assigned to hemoglobin targets of 9.5 to 11.5 g/dl or 13.5 to 14.5 g/dl for 96 wk using epoetin alfa as primary therapy and changes in left ventricular structure as the primary outcome (previously reported). Patients were masked to treatment assignment. Blood transfusion data were prospectively collected at 4-wk intervals. Results: The mean age and prior duration of dialysis therapy of the study population were 50.8 and 0.8 yr, respectively. Previously reported mortality was similar in low and high-target subjects, at 4.7 (95% confidence interval 3.0, 7.3) and 3.1 (1.8, 5.4) per hundred patient years, respectively. Transfusion rates were 0.66 (0.59, 0.74) units of blood per year in low and 0.26 (0.22, 0.32) in high-target subjects (P < 0.0001). Hemoglobin level at transfusion (7.7 [7.5, 7.9]) versus 8.1 [7.6, 8.5] g/dl) were similar with both groups. High hemoglobin target was a significant predictor of time to first transfusion independent of baseline associations (hazard ratio = 0.42; 95% confidence interval = 0.26 ? 0.67). Conclusions: In hemodialysis patients with comparatively low mortality risks, normal hemoglobin targets may reduce the need for transfusions. PMID:18922988

Foley, Robert N.; Curtis, Bryan M.; Parfrey, Patrick S.

2008-01-01

284

Two cases of symptomatic perineural cysts (tarlov cysts) in one family: a case report.  

PubMed

Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiologies of perineural cysts, but the accurate etiologies remain unclear. We experienced two cases of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts (Tarlov cysts) in one family, who presented with perianal paresthesia. Both of them were operated and postoperatively their symptoms were disappeared immediately. We experienced the excellent treatment outcome with the surgical management of symptomatic perineural cysts in the sacral region. We assume that the theory of congenital origin including a familial tendency is the most plausible of the hypotheses that have been proposed. PMID:19096672

Park, Hyun Jun; Kim, Il Sup; Lee, Sang Won; Son, Byung Chul

2008-09-01

285

Two Cases of Symptomatic Perineural Cysts (Tarlov Cysts) in One Family: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiologies of perineural cysts, but the accurate etiologies remain unclear. We experienced two cases of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts (Tarlov cysts) in one family, who presented with perianal paresthesia. Both of them were operated and postoperatively their symptoms were disappeared immediately. We experienced the excellent treatment outcome with the surgical management of symptomatic perineural cysts in the sacral region. We assume that the theory of congenital origin including a familial tendency is the most plausible of the hypotheses that have been proposed. PMID:19096672

Park, Hyun Jun; Lee, Sang Won; Son, Byung Chul

2008-01-01

286

Assessment and management of disability in chronic daily headache  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of chronic daily headache is ubiquitous and affects up to 5% of the world’s population. In most cases, it is associated\\u000a with the overuse of symptomatic medications in patients with a history of migraine or tension-type headaches, indicating an\\u000a urgent need for intensive public and professional education. In a minority, it develops de novo from episodic migraine without

William Pryse-Phillips

2005-01-01

287

Splenic and portal venous obstruction in chronic pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was a prospective search for splenoportal venous obstruction (SPVO) in a medical-surgical series of 266 patients with chronic pancreatitis who were followed up a mean time of 8.2 years. SPVO was systematically searched for using ultrasonography and then confirmed by angiography or computed tomography. SPVO was found in 35 patients (13.2%) but was symptomatic in

Pierre Bernades; André Baetz; Philippe Lévy; Jacques Belghiti; Yves Menu; François Fékété

1992-01-01

288

Chronic Diarrhea  

MedlinePLUS

... Challenges and Resources Hygiene-related Diseases Athlete's Foot (tinea pedis) Body Lice Chronic Diarrhea Dental Caries Head ... Tub Rash Lymphatic Filariasis Pinworms Pubic Lice ("Crabs") Ringworm (Tinea) Swimmer's Ear (otitis externa) Scabies Trachoma Information ...

289

Chronic Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 1. \\u000a \\u000a Non-cancer-related pain that lasts longer than 3 months is considered chronic pain.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 2. \\u000a \\u000a According to the National Institutes of Health, chronic pain is the third largest health problem in the world.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 3. \\u000a \\u000a Approximately 25 million Americans are affected by chronic pain.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 4. \\u000a \\u000a Chronic pain is one of the most common problems seen in primary care clinics. Pain-related problems account

Jim Nuovo

290

[Chronic migraine].  

PubMed

The classification of the International Headache Society (IHS) generally differentiates episodic from chronic headache. Chronic migraine is defined as headache on 15 and more days a month over more than 3 months and headache on 8 days or more fulfils the criteria for migraine or were triptan/ergot-responsive when thought to be migrainous in early stages of the attack. The prevalence of chronic migraine is estimated at 2-4?%. The quality of life is highly compromised in this condition and comorbidities are much more frequent compared to episodic migraine. Data from prospective randomized studies are scarce as most patients with chronic migraine were excluded from previous trials and only few studies were conducted for this condition. The efficacy for prophylactic treatment compared with placebo is proven for topiramate and onabotulinum toxin A. PMID:24337617

Diener, H C; Holle, D; Müller, D; Nägel, S; Rabe, K

2013-12-01

291

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  

MedlinePLUS

COPD; Chronic obstructive airways disease; Chronic obstructive lung disease; Chronic bronchitis; Emphysema; Bronchitis - chronic ... Systems Improvement. Diagnosis and Management of Chronic ... Disease (COPD). Updated March 2013. Available at: https://www. ...

292

Low back pain - chronic  

MedlinePLUS

Nonspecific back pain; Backache - chronic; Lumbar pain - chronic; Pain - back - chronic; Chronic back pain - low ... your waist, leads to pain. Many people with chronic back pain have arthritis. Or they may have extra wear ...

293

Histology of symptomatic acute hepatitis C infection in immunocompetent adults.  

PubMed

Acute hepatitis C in immunocompetent individuals is rarely symptomatic and rarely biopsied. Thus, the histologic descriptions of acute hepatitis C remain limited. The histology of 5 cases of acute hepatitis C in adults were studied by selecting cases from the consult and surgical pathology files of a single institution. The 5 individuals, 3 males and 2 females, had an average age at biopsy of 50+/-17 years. They presented with jaundice and other nonspecific abdominal symptoms. The time interval from clinical presentation to biopsy ranged from 2 to 18 weeks. The average alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase/alkaline phosphatase at the time of biopsy was 308/73/85 U/L. The average total bilirubin was 5.2 mg/dL. Each individual had a single liver biopsy. The histologic findings of the 2 cases biopsied in close temporal proximity to the initial clinical presentation showed similar histologic findings of mixed portal infiltrates with lymphocytes and neutrophils along with bile ductular proliferation that raised the possibility of down stream biliary tract disease. The lobules showed canalicular cholestasis and mild to moderate inflammation. In the third and fourth case, obtained 8 weeks after presentation, the biopsies showed mild to moderate portal and lobular lymphocytic inflammation, findings that were also present in the last case, obtained 18 weeks after presentation. In conclusion, early after acute hepatitis C viral infection, biopsies can have a cholestatic pattern whereas later biopsies tend to show mild nonspecific portal and lobular lymphocytic inflammation. Proper histologic diagnosis can be aided by an awareness of the various histologic findings, which vary depending on the time interval from clinical symptoms to biopsy. PMID:18059233

Johnson, Kathyrn; Kotiesh, Ayman; Boitnott, John K; Torbenson, Michael

2007-11-01

294

Imaging Characteristics of Symptomatic Vertebral Artery Dissection: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is an important cause of stroke in the young. VAD can present with a range of imaging findings. We sought to summarize the diagnostic value of various imaging findings in patients with symptomatic VAD. Methods We conducted a systematic review of observational studies, searching electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE) for English-language manuscripts with >5 subjects with clinical or radiological features of VAD. Two independent reviewers selected studies for inclusion; a third adjudicated differences. Studies were assessed for methodological quality and imaging data were abstracted. Pooled proportions were calculated. Results Of 3996 citations, we screened 511 manuscripts and selected 75 studies describing 1,972 VAD patients. Most studies utilized conventional angiography or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) to diagnose VAD; CT angiography (CTA) and Doppler ultrasonography were described less frequently. Imaging findings reported were vertebral artery stenosis (51%), string and pearls (48%), arterial dilation (37%), arterial occlusion (36%), and pseudoaneurysm, double lumen, and intimal flap (22% each). In cases where conventional angiography was the reference standard, CTA was more sensitive (100%) than either MRA (77%) or Doppler ultrasonography (71%) (p=0.001). Conclusions Imaging findings vary widely in patients with VAD, with no single radiographic sign present in the majority of VAD patients. Non-specific radiographic signs predominate. CTA probably has greater sensitivity for dissection than MRA or ultrasound relative to conventional angiography. Higher quality studies on imaging techniques and radiographic criteria in subjects with VAD are needed. Future studies should compare imaging techniques in well-defined, undifferentiated populations of clinical VAD suspects. PMID:22931729

Gottesman, Rebecca F.; Sharma, Priti; Robinson, Karen A.; Arnan, Martinson; Tsui, Megan; Saber-Tehrani, Ali; Newman-Toker, David E.

2013-01-01

295

Clinical and neurocognitive outcome in symptomatic isovaleric acidemia  

PubMed Central

Background Despite its first description over 40 years ago, knowledge of the clinical course of isovaleric acidemia (IVA), a disorder predisposing to severe acidotic episodes during catabolic stress, is still anecdotal. We aimed to investigate the phenotypic presentation and factors determining the neurological and neurocognitive outcomes of patients diagnosed with IVA following clinical manifestation. Methods Retrospective data on 21 children and adults with symptomatic IVA diagnosed from 1976 to 1999 were analyzed for outcome determinants including age at diagnosis and number of catabolic episodes. Sixteen of 21 patients were evaluated cross-sectionally focusing on the neurological and neurocognitive status. Additionally, 155 cases of patients with IVA published in the international literature were reviewed and analyzed for outcome parameters including mortality. Results 57% of study patients (12/21) were diagnosed within the first weeks of life and 43% (9/21) in childhood. An acute metabolic attack was the main cause of diagnostic work-up. 44% of investigated study patients (7/16) showed mild motor dysfunction and only 19% (3/16) had cognitive deficits. No other organ complications were found. The patients' intelligence quotient was not related to the number of catabolic episodes but was inversely related to age at diagnosis. In published cases, mortality was high (33%) if associated with neonatal diagnosis, following manifestation at an average age of 7 days. Conclusions Within the group of "classical" organic acidurias, IVA appears to be exceptional considering its milder neuropathologic implications. The potential to avoid neonatal mortality and to improve neurologic and cognitive outcome under early treatment reinforces IVA to be qualified for newborn screening. PMID:22277694

2012-01-01

296

Prevalence of symptomatic congenital heart disease in Tibetan school children.  

PubMed

The prevalence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in Tibet has not been fully investigated. The aim of this study was to illustrate and compare the prevalence of symptomatic CHD and its major subtypes in Tibetan children at different altitudes. A total of 5,790 children from regions at altitudes of 3,500 to 4,100 m (group L) and 4,548 children from 4,200 to 4,900 m (group H) were compared for CHD prevalence. Group H had greater prevalence of total CHD (12.09 vs 4.32 per 1,000, p <0.001), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA, 7.70 vs 1.38 per 1,000, p <0.001), and atrial septal defect (ASD, 3.52 vs 2.25 per 1,000, p = 0.23) than group L. The differences were more remarkable in women (CHD, 18.63 vs 4.88 per 1,000, p <0.001; PDA, 11.53 vs 1.74 per 1,000, p <0.001; ASD, 5.32 vs 2.79 per 1,000, p = 0.15). No significant difference was observed in the prevalence of ventricular septal defect between the 2 groups (0.44 vs 0.35 per 1,000, p >0.05). The most common cardiac defect was ASD (52.0%) in group L compared with PDA (63.6%) in group H. In group L, women had slightly and insignificantly greater prevalence of total CHD, PDA, and ASD than men. In contrast, the prevalence was almost threefold greater in women than men in group H. In conclusion, the CHD prevalence and composition differed significantly between populations of school children living above and below 4,200 m. PMID:24012023

Zheng, Jian-Yong; Tian, Hai-Tao; Zhu, Zhi-Ming; Li, Bin; Han, Ling; Jiang, Shi-Liang; Chen, Yu; Li, Dong-Tao; He, Jiang-Chun; Zhao, Zhe; Cao, Yi; Qiu, Yi-Gang; Li, Tian-Chang

2013-11-01

297

Time Course and Recovery of Exacerbations in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are associated with symptomatic and physiological deterio- ration, little is known of the time course and duration of these changes. We have studied symptoms and lung function changes as- sociated with COPD exacerbations to determine factors affecting recovery from exacerbation. A cohort of 101 patients with moder- ate to severe COPD (mean

TERENCE A. R. SEEMUNGAL; GAVIN C. DONALDSON; ANGSHU BHOWMIK; DONALD J. JEFFRIES; JADWIGA A. WEDZICHA

2000-01-01

298

Outcome differences after endoscopic drainage of pancreatic necrosis, acute pancreatic pseudocysts, and chronic pancreatic pseudocysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Comparative outcomes after endoscopic drainage of specific types of symptomatic pancreatic fluid collections, defined by using standardized nomenclature, have not been described. This study sought to determine outcome differences after attempted endoscopic drainage of pancreatic fluid collections classified as pancreatic necrosis, acute pseudocyst, and chronic pseudocyst. Methods: Outcomes were retrospectively analyzed for consecutive patients with symptoms caused by pancreatic

Todd H. Baron; Gavin C. Harewood; Desiree E. Morgan; Munford Radford Yates

2002-01-01

299

Effectiveness of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Patients with Acute and Chronic Cochlear Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the course of 18 months 359 patients with defined acute and chronic inner ear disorders who had not responded to treatment with medication were given hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy. The inner ear diseases of the patients were divided, based on the duration of their conditions, into four symptomatic groups. Of the patients who had had hearing loss for less

R. J. Kau; K. Sendtner-Gress; U. Ganzer; W. Arnold

1997-01-01

300

MRI of symptomatic and asymptomatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears  

PubMed Central

Background and purpose Why some full-thickness rotator cuff tears are symptomatic and others are asymptomatic is not understood. By comparing MRI findings in symptomatic and asymptomatic tears, we wanted to identify any tear characteristics that differed between groups. Patients and methods 50 subjects with asymptomatic and 50 subjects with symptomatic full-thickness tears were examined by MRI. Tear characteristics including tear size, tear location, the condition of the long head of the biceps, atrophy, and fatty degeneration of the muscles were compared between groups. Results Single factor logistic regression analysis showed that there were statistically significant associations between symptoms and tear size exceeding 3 cm in the medial-lateral plane, positive tangent sign, and fatty degeneration exceeding grade 1 of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles. Interpretation We found associations between the symptomatic status of a rotator cuff tear and MRI-derived tear characteristics. The causal relationships are unclear. PMID:20450423

Tariq, Rana; Stiris, Morten G; Smith, Hans-J?rgen

2010-01-01

301

Pulmonary fibrosis secondary to siderosis causing symptomatic respiratory disease: a case report  

E-print Network

impairment. Although not the first of its kind, we present an unusual case of pulmonary siderosis with symptomatic respiratory disease, most likely secondary to associated fibrosis. Case presentation A 66-year-old Caucasian man was referred to the outpatient...

McCormick, Liam M; Goddard, Martin; Mahadeva, Ravi

2008-08-05

302

Radiographic correlation of symptomatic and asymptomatic flexible flatfoot in young male adults  

PubMed Central

The purpose was to evaluate the value of radiology to distinguish between symptomatic and asymptomatic flexible flatfeet in young male adults. Among young male army recruits, 56 feet of 28 recruits were diagnosed as otherwise normal, flexible flatfoot with invisible longitudinal arch on stance and either symptomatic or asymptomatic unilaterally or bilaterally. The talus-first metatarsal and calcaneal pitch angles were measured on weight-bearing lateral radiographs, and the results were evaluated statistically. The talus-first metatarsal angle showed statistical significance in both non-parametric and logistic regression tests, but the calcaneal pitch angle showed statistical significance only in non-parametric test between symptomatic and asymptomatic flatfoot groups. Although the single gender and number of samples limit the applicability of our study, these results caused us to make an interpretation that increased talus-first metatarsal angle might be an important risk factor of being symptomatic in otherwise normal flexible flatfoot. PMID:18196242

Cilli, Feridun; Mahirogullari, Mahir; Karabudak, Ozlem; Koksal, Ozlem

2008-01-01

303

Efficacy of Ibuprofen and Ibuprofen/Acetaminophen on Postoperative Pain in Symptomatic Necrotic Teeth.  

E-print Network

??The purpose of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to determine ibuprofen versus ibuprofen/acetaminophen usage for postoperative endodontic pain in symptomatic patients with a pulpal… (more)

Wells, Larry Kevin

2010-01-01

304

Symptomatic myositis ossificans following computer navigated total knee replacement: a complication of fixed femoral marker placement.  

PubMed

Myositis ossificans is a rare cause of pain following knee arthroplasty. We describe a 72-year-old woman who developed symptomatic early onset myositis ossificans at the femoral marker pin site following navigated knee arthroplasty. PMID:23022029

Abdul-Jabar, Hani B; Lidder, Surjit; Huf, Sarah W; Dutta, Amitava

2013-01-01

305

Evaluating imaging biomarkers for neurodegeneration in pre-symptomatic Huntington's disease using machine learning techniques  

E-print Network

Evaluating imaging biomarkers for neurodegeneration in pre-symptomatic Huntington's disease using 27 April 2010 Accepted 30 April 2010 Available online xxxx Keywords: Huntington's disease Biomarker as biomarkers for neurodegenerative disease could prove extremely valuable for the assessment of neuroprotective

Aron, Adam

306

Erosive hand osteoarthritis: its prevalence and clinical impact in the general population and symptomatic hand osteoarthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo estimate the prevalence of erosive hand osteoarthritis (EOA) in the general population and its relation to symptomatic hand osteoarthritis (HOA), hand pain and disability.MethodsBaseline data of participants from a population-based study (age ?55 years) were used. Symptomatic HOA was defined as hand pain and in addition to radiographic HOA (at least one interphalangeal (IP) joint or 1st carpometacarpal joint

W Y Kwok; M Kloppenburg; F R Rosendaal; J B van Meurs; A Hofman; S M A Bierma-Zeinstra

2011-01-01

307

A Novel Case of Symptomatic BK Viraemia in a Patient Undergoing Treatment for Hodgkin Lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Symptomatic BK viral infection in the immunocompromised host is well described, most commonly seen in renal transplant recipients, bone marrow transplant recipients, and HIV positive patients. The present case describes a novel clinical scenario of symptomatic urological BK virus infection in a patient receiving treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma. This case highlights the importance of casting a wide diagnostic net for adverse events encountered with novel therapeutic agents or regimens. PMID:25057419

Estell, Jane

2014-01-01

308

Systematic Comparison of the Early Outcome of Angioplasty and Endarterectomy for Symptomatic Carotid Artery Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—Endoluminal treatment is being increasingly used for carotid artery disease. The aim of this study was to compare the stroke and death risk within 30 days of endovascular treatment or endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid artery disease. Methods—A systematic comparison of the 30-day outcome of angioplasty with or without stenting and endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid artery disease reported in

Jonathan Golledge; Adam Mitchell; Roger M. Greenhalgh; Alun H. Davies

309

Prognostic Value of Myocardial Perfusion Gated SPECT in Patients with Symptomatic Intracranial Large-Artery Atherosclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of myocardial perfusion gated SPECT in patients with symptomatic intracranial large-artery atherosclerosis (ILA). Methods: Seventy-two consecutive first-ever symptomatic ILA patients without known heart disease underwent a stress myocardial perfusion gated SPECT, and long-term follow-up was conducted thereafter. Results: During an average follow-up of 15.2 ± 9 months, 9 patients (13.8%) presented major

J. Candell-Riera; J. F. Arenillas; G. Romero-Farina; S. Aguadé-Bruix; G. de León; J. Castell-Conesa; C. A. Molina; A. Rovira; J. Álvarez-Sabín

2007-01-01

310

Surgical intervention in necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with symptomatic congenital heart disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The commonly accepted indication for surgical intervention in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is perforation of the bowel.\\u000a In this study, the indication and role of surgery was assessed in neonates born with symptomatic congenital heart disease\\u000a (CHD). Records of neonates admitted to a single institution in Hong Kong between January 1981 and December 1997 with symptomatic\\u000a CHD who subsequently developed NEC

W. Cheng; M. P. Leung; P. K. H. Tam

1999-01-01

311

Long-term incidence of symptomatic urolithiasis post-bariatric surgery  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The risk of urolithiasis post-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is higher when compared to the general population. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation is routinely prescribed to these patients, yet compliance with these supplements is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of symptomatic de novo urolithiasis post-RYGB and compliance with calcium and vitamin D supplementation. Methods: A standardized telephone questionnaire was administered to patients who underwent RYGB between 1996 and 2011. Personal and medical histories were obtained with emphasis on episodes of symptomatic urolithiasis and calcium and vitamin D supplementation. Results: The response rate was 48% with 478 patients completing the telephone questionnaire. After a mean follow-up of 7.0 years (range: 1–15), the incidence of post-RYGB symptomatic urolithiasis was 7.3%, while the rate of de novo symptomatic urolithiasis was 5%. The overall median time to present with symptomatic urolithiasis was 3.1 years, with 3.3 years for de novo stone-formers, and 2.0 years for recurrent stone-formers (p = 0.38). In de novo stone-formers, 33% presented with symptomatic urolithiasis 4 to 14 years postoperatively. Compliance with calcium and vitamin D supplementation was 56% and 51%, respectively. Conclusions: Despite recall bias and lack of confirmatory imaging studies, a high postoperative incidence of symptomatic urolithiasis was found in a large sample of post-RYGB patients. A third of patients with de novo stones, presented with symptomatic urolithiasis 4 to 14 years postoperatively. Compliance with postoperative calcium and vitamin D supplementation was poor and needs improvement.

Haddad, Nicholas; Scheffler, Patrick; Elkoushy, Mohamed A.; Court, Olivier; Christou, Nicolas V.; Andersen, Ross E.; Andonian, Sero

2014-01-01

312

[Secondary normal pressure hydrocephalus. A complication of chronic neuroborreliosis].  

PubMed

We report about a 57-year-old patient suffering from the typical symptoms of normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) including gait disturbance, urinary incontinence, and mental deterioration. CSF analysis established the diagnosis of chronic active Lyme neuroborreliosis with lymphocytic pleocytosis and intrathecal Borrelia burgdorferi antibody production. After several weeks of i.v. antibiotic treatment we observed normalization of CSF parameters as well as a clear improvement of clinical symptoms so that surgical shunting was no longer indicated. Interference with subarachnoid CSF flow may be a possible cause of the observed symptomatic NPH in a patient with chronic Lyme neuroborreliosis. PMID:10412702

Druschky, K; Stefan, H; Grehl, H; Neundörfer, B

1999-06-01

313

Widespread Hypermetabolism in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Episodes in Kleine-Levin Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Background No reliable biomarkers are identified in KLS. However, few functional neuroimaging studies suggested hypoactivity in thalamic and hypothalamic regions during symptomatic episodes. Here, we investigated relative changes in regional brain metabolism in Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) during symptomatic episodes and asymptomatic periods, as compared to healthy controls. Methods Four drug-free male patients with typical KLS and 15 healthy controls were included. 18-F-fluorodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography (PET) was obtained in baseline condition in all participants, and during symptomatic episodes in KLS patients. All participants were asked to remain fully awake during the whole PET procedure. Results Between state-comparisons in KLS disclosed higher metabolism in paracentral, precentral, and postcentral areas, supplementary motor area, medial frontal gyrus, thalamus and putamen during symptomatic episodes, and decreased metabolism in occipital and temporal gyri. As compared to healthy control subjects, KLS patients in the asymptomatic phase consistently exhibited significant hypermetabolism in a wide cortical network including frontal and temporal cortices, posterior cingulate and precuneus, with no detected hypometabolism. In symptomatic KLS episodes, hypermetabolism was additionally found in orbital frontal and supplementary motor areas, insula and inferior parietal areas, and right caudate nucleus, and hypometabolism in the middle occipital gyrus and inferior parietal areas. Conclusion Our results demonstrated significant hypermetabolism and few hypometabolism in specific but widespread brain regions in drug-free KLS patients at baseline and during symptomatic episodes, highlighting the behavioral state-dependent nature of changes in regional brain activity in KLS. PMID:24699677

Dauvilliers, Yves; Bayard, Sophie; Lopez, Regis; Comte, Frederic; Zanca, Michel; Peigneux, Philippe

2014-01-01

314

Acute health effects of PM10 pollution on symptomatic and asymptomatic children  

SciTech Connect

This study assessed the association between daily changes in respiratory health and respirable particulate pollution (PM10) in Utah Valley during the winter of 1990-1991. During the study period, 24-h PM10 concentrations ranged from 7 to 251 micrograms/m3. Participants included symptomatic and asymptomatic samples of fifth- and sixth-grade students. Relatively small but statistically significant (p less than 0.01) negative associations between peak expiratory flow (PEF) and PM10 were observed for both the symptomatic and asymptomatic samples. The association was strongest for the symptomatic children. Large associations between the incidence of respiratory symptoms, especially cough, and PM10 pollution were also observed for both samples. Again the association was strongest for the symptomatic sample. Immediate and delayed PM10 effects were observed. Respiratory symptoms and PEF changes were more closely associated with 5-day moving-average PM10 levels than with concurrent-day levels. These associations were also observed at PM10 levels below the 24-h standard of 150 micrograms/m3. This study indicates that both symptomatic and asymptomatic children may suffer acute health effects of respirable particulate pollution, with symptomatic children suffering the most.

Pope, C.A. 3d.; Dockery, D.W. (Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT (United States))

1992-05-01

315

Chronic cough in preschool children.  

PubMed

Cough may be the first overt sign of disease of the airways or lungs when it represents more than a defense mechanism, and may by its persistence become a helpful pointer of potential disease for both patient and physician. On the other hand, impairment or absence of the coughing mechanism can be harmful and even fatal; this is why cough suppression is rarely indicated in childhood. Pediatricians are concerned more with the etiology of the cough and making the right diagnosis. Whereas chronic cough in adults has been universally defined as a cough that lasts more than 8 weeks, in childhood, different timing has been reported. Many reasons support defining a cough that lasts more than 4 weeks in preschool children as chronic, however; and this is particularly true when the cough is wet. During childhood, the respiratory tract and nervous system undergo a series of anatomical and physiological maturation processes that influence the cough reflex. In addition, immunological response undergoes developmental and memorial processes that make infection and congenital abnormalities the overwhelming causes of cough in preschool children. Cough in children should be treated on the basis of etiology, and there is no evidence in support of the use of medication for symptomatic cough relief or adopting empirical approaches. Most cases of chronic cough in preschool age are caused by protracted bacterial bronchitis, tracheobronchomalacia, foreign body aspiration, post-infectious cough or some combination of these. Other causes of chronic cough, such as bronchiectasis, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux, and upper respiratory syndrome appear to be less frequent in this age group. The prevalence of each depends on the population in consideration, the epidemiology of infectious diseases, socioeconomic aspects, and the local health system. PMID:24008117

Kantar, Ahmad; Bernardini, Roberto; Paravati, Francesco; Minasi, Domenico; Sacco, Oliviero

2013-10-01

316

Occurrence of anaplastic large cell lymphoma following IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis and cholecystitis and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma  

PubMed Central

IgG4-related sclerosing disease is an established disease entity with characteristic clinicopathological features. Recently, the association between IgG4-related sclerosing disease and the risk of malignancies has been suggested. IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis with pancreatic cancer has been reported. Further, a few cases of extraocular malignant lymphoma in patients with IgG4-related sclerosing disease have also been documented. Herein, we describe the first documented case of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) following IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis and cholecystitis and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). A 61-year-old Japanese male, with a past history of DLBCL, was detected with swelling of the pancreas and tumorous lesions in the gallbladder. Histopathological study of the resected gallbladder specimen revealed diffuse lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with fibrosclerosis in the entire gallbladder wall. Eosinophilic infiltration and obliterative phlebitis were also noted. Immunohistochemically, many IgG4-positive plasma cells had infiltrated into the lesion, and the ratio of IgG4/IgG-positive plasma cells was 71.6%. Accordingly, a diagnosis of IgG4-related cholecystitis was made. Seven months later, he presented with a painful tumor in his left parotid gland. Histopathological study demonstrated diffuse or cohesive sheet-like proliferation of large-sized lymphoid cells with rich slightly eosinophilic cytoplasm and irregular-shaped large nuclei. These lymphoid cells were positive for CD30, CD4, and cytotoxic markers, but negative for CD3 and ALK. Therefore, a diagnosis of ALK-negative ALCL was made. It has been suggested that the incidence of malignant lymphoma may be high in patients with IgG4-related sclerosing disease, therefore, intense medical follow-up is important in patients with this disorder. PMID:24228121

Ishida, Mitsuaki; Hodohara, Keiko; Yoshida, Keiko; Kagotani, Akiko; Iwai, Muneo; Yoshii, Miyuki; Okuno, Hiroko; Horinouchi, Akiko; Nakanishi, Ryota; Harada, Ayumi; Yoshida, Takashi; Okabe, Hidetoshi

2013-01-01

317

[Chronic subdural hematoma - assessment and management].  

PubMed

Subdural hematomas (SDH) are associated with an increased morbidity and mortality and generally occur as chronic SDH among older patients. The most frequent signs and symptoms - like headache, alteration of consciousness, gait impairment and hemiparesis - are also prevalent among other diseases, which has to be taken into account in the differential diagnosis. In the case of symptomatic patients with focal neurological deficits, a surgical intervention should be considered, whereas in case of asymptomatic patients or patients with only slight headaches, also a conservative treatment with a clinical and radiological follow-up might be a possibility. Also after surgical intervention, the recurrence rate is between 5 and 33%. Therefore, all patients with chronic SDH depict, irrespective of the indication for an oral anticoagulation, a challenge for the treating physicians. PMID:20960397

Gautschi, O P; Gallay, M N; Kress, T T; Korte, W C; Hildebrandt, G

2010-10-20

318

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)  

MedlinePLUS

CML; Chronic myeloid leukemia; Chronic granulocytic leukemia; Leukemia - chronic granulocytic ... nuclear disaster. It takes many years to develop leukemia from radiation exposure. Most people treated for cancer ...

319

Chronic Cough  

MedlinePLUS

... Risk Factors What can cause chronic cough? Smoking Smoking can cause a cough that doesn't go away. Allergies ... throat. This is called "acid reflux." It can cause heartburn or a cough. Acid reflux is more common when you're lying down. Treatment Smoking If you smoke, you should stop. Talk to ...

320

Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia  

MedlinePLUS

... vera, essential thrombocythemia, or primary myelofibrosis. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a disease in which ... other problems related to essential thrombocythemia. Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia Chronic neutrophilic leukemia is a disease in which ...

321

Chronic Pancreatitis in Children  

MedlinePLUS

Chronic Pancreatitis in Children What symptoms would my child have? Frequent or chronic abdominal pain is the ... pancreatitis will develop diabetes in adolescence. Who gets chronic pancreatitis? Those at risk for chronic pancreatitis are ...

322

Ear infection - chronic  

MedlinePLUS

Middle ear infection - chronic; Otitis media - chronic; Chronic otitis media; Chronic ear infection ... Kerschner JE. Otitis media. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders ...

323

Activation of innate anti-viral immune response genes in symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)is the most common urologic disease in men over age 50. Symptoms include acute urinary retention, urgency to urinate and nocturia. For patients with severe symptoms, surgical treatment is used to remove the affected tissue. Interestingly, the presence of histologic BPH does not always correlate with symptoms. The molecular basis of symptomatic BPH and how it differs from asymptomatic BPH is unknown. Investigation into the molecular players involved in symptomatic BPH will likely give insight into novel therapeutic, and potentially preventative, targets. We determined the expression of genes involved in the innate anti-viral immune response in tissues from patients undergoing surgery to alleviate the symptoms of BPH, and compared the results to prostate tissue with histologic BPH, but from patients with few urinary issues (asymptomatic BPH). We found that expression of CFI, APOBEC3G, OAS2, and IFIT1, four genes whose protein products are involved in the innate anti-viral immune response, were significantly transcriptionally upregulated in symptomatic BPH. Additionally we observe hypomethylation and concomitant expression of ancient retroviral-like sequences, the LINE-1 retrotransposons, in symptomatic BPH when compared to normal prostate tissue. These findings merit further investigation into the anti-viral immune response in symptomatic BPH. PMID:22952051

Madigan, Allison A.; Sobek, Kathryn M.; Cummings, Jessica L.; Green, William R.; Bacich, Dean J.; O'Keefe, Denise S.

2012-01-01

324

Comparison of symptomatic and prophylactic irradiation of brain metastases from oat cell carcinoma of the lung  

SciTech Connect

In this analysis, the results of brain irradiation of 39 patients with symptomatic brain metastases from oat cell carcinoma of the lung were compared with the published results of patients whose brains were irradiated prophylactically. The goals were: to substantiate a clinical impression that patients with symptomatic brain metastases respond well to radiation and often experience no further neurologic deterioration until death; and to compare the outcomes of symptomatic and prophylactic radiation of the brain for oat cell carcinoma of the lung. Of 39 patients with proven brain metastases who received cranial irradiation, 25 achieved complete palliation and remained free of neurologic symptoms, 4/4 achieved complete palliation; for moderate symptoms, 12/15; and for severe symptoms, 9/20. A summary of 12 reports from the literature shows that for patients with oat cell carcinoma of the lung receiving prophylactic cranial irradiation, the incidence of brain metastases is 28/525, while for patients receiving no prophylactic therapy it is 51/223. When the results of symptomatic and prophylactic cranial irradiation were compared, it was found that symptomatic irradiation controls central nervous system disease, as well as prophylactic therapy, while eliminating the need for brain irradiation in three-fourths of the patients.

Baglan, R.J.; Marks, J.E.

1981-01-01

325

Chronic urticaria.  

PubMed Central

Urticaria affects 15% to 20% of the population once or more during a lifetime. Chronic urticaria is a frequent recurrent eruption over a period greater than 6 weeks; the cause remains a mystery in more than 75% of cases. Urticaria and angioedema may be produced by immunologic or nonimmunologic means. Urticarial vasculitis, contact urticaria, mastocytosis, physical urticarias, dermatographism, cholinergic urticaria, localized heat urticaria, cold urticaria, aquagenic urticaria, and vibratory angioedema all require specific evaluation and treatment. Chronic idiopathic urticaria is usually controlled by antihistamines; depending on the circadian rhythm of the eruption, sedative or nonsedative antihistamines are prescribed. Some patients will require a combination of H1 and H2 antagonists, or even parenteral corticosteroids. PMID:1970697

Burrall, B. A.; Halpern, G. M.; Huntley, A. C.

1990-01-01

326

Chronic Diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and human immunodeficiency virus infection are three separate entities,\\u000a each has causal and non-causal risk factors that are common in the stage 5 chronic kidney disease population. The medical\\u000a nutrition therapies are similar, which emphasize adequate protein and energy intakes, fluid control, and possibly carbohydrate\\u000a and fat modifications. Each patient requires an individualized evaluation, taking

Sharon R. Schatz

327

Symptomatic macroglossia and tongue myositis in polymyositis: treatment with corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin.  

PubMed

Symptomatic macroglossia occurs in some rare congenital muscle diseases, such as Becker's and Duchenne's dystrophies or Pompe's disease. Herein we describe a case of symptomatic macroglossia with myositis of the tongue occurring in a patient with polymyositis. Tongue myositis was evidenced by dysarthria, frequent biting during mastication, swallowing difficulties without aspiration, and noisy breathing. Magnetic resonance imaging showed homogeneous hypertrophy of the tongue, especially the mouth's floor muscles. The diagnosis of tongue myositis was established by electromyography and biopsy. No other cause for the macroglossia was found. Symptoms resolved quickly with corticosteroid and intravenous immunoglobulin treatment. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of symptomatic tongue myositis occurring in the course of polymyositis. PMID:12384936

Chauvet, E; Sailler, L; Carreiro, M; Paoli, J R; Arrue, P; Astudillo, L; Oksmann, F; Delisle, M B; Arlet, Ph

2002-10-01

328

Revascularization for Symptomatic Occlusion of the Anterior Cerebral Artery Using Superficial Temporal Artery  

PubMed Central

Isolated symptomatic occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is a rare condition and until date, only few cases regarding the revascularization of the ACA have been reported. This paper reports on successful attempt to revascularize the ACA using superficial temporal artery (STA) in patient with isolated symptomatic occlusion of the ACA. A 69-year-old man presented with several episodes of transient weakness involving left lower extremity. Cerebral angiography showed occlusion of the right ACA at the A2 segment. After medical treatment failure, the patient underwent STA-ACA bypass surgery. Subsequent to surgery, there was immediate disappearance of transient ischemic attack and follow-up angiography showed favorable revascularization of the ACA territory. Bypass surgery can be considered in the patients with symptomatic occlusion of the ACA, who have experienced failure in medical treatment. PMID:24527195

Lee, Sang Chul; Kang, Hyun-Seung; Kim, Jeong Eun

2013-01-01

329

Radiographic features of esophageal involvement in chronic graft-vs. -host disease  

SciTech Connect

Chronic graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD) is an important late complication of allogeneic bone-marrow transplantation. It resembles several naturally occurring autoimmune diseases and involves the skin, mouth, eyes, liver, and esophagus. The radiographic findings of 14 symptomatic patients with chronic GVHD involving the esophagus were reviewed and found to include webs, ringlike narrowings, and tapering strictures in the mid and upper esophagus. Esophagoscopy revealed characteristic desquamation in the 13 patients studied, but barium studies detected this lesion in only one patient. Knowledge of the site and characteristics of esophageal involvement with chronic GVHD assists the radiologic evaluation of this disorder.

McDonald, G.B.; Sullivan, K.M.; Plumley, T.F.

1984-03-01

330

Impact of screening versus symptomatic measurement of deep vein thrombosis in a national quality improvement registry  

PubMed Central

Background Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a quality measure recorded by initiatives such as the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). However, because surveillance-detected DVT rates may be higher than symptomatic DVT rates, we examined how differences in the method of DVT detection may affect the use of this quality measure. Methods Using the NSQIP database (2007–2009), we compared DVT rates of vascular (amputation, open aortic procedures, and lower extremity bypass) and nonvascular (prostatectomy, gastric bypass [GBP], and hip arthroplasty) operations. Using a predefined literature search strategy, we compared the incidence of DVT in NSQIP to the incidence of DVT reported in published literature, diagnosed by symptomatic status or by surveillance studies. Results Within NSQIP, the overall incidence of postoperative DVT was 0.7%. This varied from 0.3% after GBP to 1.8% after open aortic surgery. Across all procedures except amputation, the incidence of DVT in NSQIP was similar to the incidence of DVT reported in our literature survey of “symptomatic” DVTs. The relative rate (RR) of literature-derived symptomatic DVTs to NSQIP ranged from 0.7 for aortic cases (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.3–1.7) to 1.4 (95% CI, .7–3.1) for GBP. Overall, surveillance studies had 11.6 higher RR of DVT compared to NSQIP (95% CI, 10.5–13), ranging from 2.6 for GBP (95% CI, 1.4–5) to 14 .5 for hip arthroplasty (95% CI, 10.5–20). Conclusions The incidence of DVT reported in NSQIP is similar to the reported incidence of symptomatic DVT for many high-risk procedures but is much lower than rates of DVT reported in surveillance studies. Clear delineation of symptomatic vs surveillance detection of DVT would improve the usefulness of this measurement in quality improvement registries. PMID:22832263

De Martino, Randall R.; Beck, Adam W.; Edwards, Matthew S.; Corriere, Matthew A.; Wallaert, Jessica B.; Stone, David H.; Cronenwett, Jack L.; Goodney, Philip P.

2013-01-01

331

Symptomatic and asymptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia: Molecular differentiation by using microarrays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a disease of unknown etiology that significantly affects the quality of life in aging men. Histologic BPH may present itself either as symptomatic or asymptomatic in nature. To elucidate the molecular differences underlying BPH, gene expression profiles from the prostate transition zone tissue have been analyzed by using microarrays. A set of 511 differentially expressed genes distinguished symptomatic and asymptomatic BPH. This genetic signature separates BPH from normal tissue but does not seem to change with age. These data could provide novel approaches for alleviating symptoms and hyperplasia in BPH.

Prakash, Kulkarni; Pirozzi, Gregorio; Elashoff, Michael; Munger, William; Waga, Iwao; Dhir, Rajiv; Kakehi, Yoshiyuki; Getzenberg, Robert H.

2002-05-01

332

Symptomatic Trichomonas vaginalis infection in the setting of severe nitroimidazole allergy: successful treatment with boric acid.  

PubMed

This report describes a patient with symptomatic Trichomonas vaginalis infection who was unable to tolerate nitroimidazole drugs because of severe hypersensitivity, for which desensitisation was not possible. Use of intravaginal clotrimazole, intravaginal paromomycin, intravaginal furazolidone, povidone-iodine douches, and oral nitazoxanide were unsuccessful in eradicating the patient's T. vaginalis infection. A 2-month course of intravaginal topical boric acid subsequently achieved a complete symptomatic cure and the patient remained T. vaginalis wet prep- and culture-negative 60 days after treatment. PMID:22877600

Muzny, Christina; Barnes, Arti; Mena, Leandro

2012-09-01

333

Surgical Treatment for Chronic Pelvic Pain  

PubMed Central

The source of chronic pelvic pain may be reproductive organ, urological, musculoskeletal - neurological, gastrointestinal, or myofascial. A psychological component almost always is a factor, whether as an antecedent event or presenting as depression as result of the pain. Surgical interventions for chronic pelvic pain include: 1) resection or vaporization of vulvar/vestibular tissue for human papillion virus (HPV) induced or chronic vulvodynia/vestibulitis; 2) cervical dilation for cervix stenosis; 3) hysteroscopic resection for intracavitary or submucous myomas or intracavitary polyps; 4) myomectomy or myolysis for symptomatic intramural, subserosal or pedunculated myomas; 5) adhesiolysis for peritubular and periovarian adhesions, and enterolysis for bowel adhesions, adhesiolysis for all thick adhesions in areas of pain as well as thin ahesions affecting critical structures such as ovaries and tubes; 6) salpingectomy or neosalpingostomy for symptomatic hydrosalpinx; 7) ovarian treatment for symptomatic ovarian pain; 8) uterosacral nerve vaporization for dysmenorrhea; 9) presacral neurectomy for disabling central pain primarily of uterine but also of bladder origin; 10) resection of endometriosis from all surfaces including removal from bladder and bowel as well as from the rectovaginal septal space. Complete resection of all disease in a debulking operation is essential; 11) appendectomy for symptoms of chronic appendicitis, and chronic right lower quadrant pain; 12) uterine suspension for symptoms of collision dyspareunia, pelvic congestion, severe dysmenorrhea, cul-desac endometriosis; 13) repair of all hernia defects whether sciatic, inguinal, femoral, Spigelian, ventral or incisional; 14) hysterectomy if relief has not been achieved by organ-preserving surgery such as resection of all endometriosis and presacral neurectomy, or the central pain continues to be disabling. Before such a radical step is taken, MRI of the uterus to confirm presence of adenomyosis may be helpful; 15) trigger point injection therapy for myofascial pain and dysfunction in pelvic and abdominal muscles. With application of all currently available laparoscopic modalities, 80% of women with chronic pelvic pain will report a decrease of pain to tolerable levels, a significant average reduction which is maintained in 3-year follow-up. Individual factors contributing to pain cannot be determined, although the frequency of endometriosis dictates that its complete treatment be attempted. The beneficial effect of uterosacral nerve ablation may be as much due to treatment of occult endometriosis in the uterosacral ligaments as to transection of the nerve fibers themselves. The benefit of the presacral neurectomy appears to be definite but strictly limited to midline pain. Appendectomy, herniorraphy, and even hysterectomy are all appropriate therapies for patients with chronic pelvic pain. Even with all laparoscopic procedures employed, fully 20% of patients experience unsatisfactory results. In addition, these patients are often depressed. Whether the pain contributes to the depression or the depression to the pain is irrelevant to them. Selected referrals to an integrated pain center with psychologic assistance together with judicious prescription of antidepressant drugs will likely benefit both women who respond to surgical intervention and those who do not. A maximum surgical effort must be expended to resect all endometriosis, restore normal pelvic anatomy, resect nerve fibers, and treat surgically accessible disease. In addition, it is important to provide patients with chronic pelvic pain sufficient psychologic support to overcome the effects of the condition, and to assist them with underlying psychologic disorders. PMID:9876726

1998-01-01

334

Symptomatic Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Previously Healthy Young Adults Living in a Crowded Military Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results. Among 256 military trainees with respiratory symptoms, RSV infection was identified in 11% by means of serologic testing and real-time PCR. Viral culture identified adenovirus in 48% of symptomatic recruits, influenza viruses in 11%, parainfluenza virus 3 in 3%, and enterovirus in !1%. The majority of recruits with RSV infection experienced a nonproductive cough, sore throat, and nasal congestion,

Matthew K. O’Shea; Margaret A. K. Ryan; Anthony W. Hawksworth; Bryan J. Alsip; Gregory C. Gray

2005-01-01

335

Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in a High HIV Prevalence Population Provided with Enhanced Diagnosis of Symptomatic Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundDirectly observed treatment short course (DOTS), the global control strategy aimed at controlling tuberculosis (TB) transmission through prompt diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive disease, has failed to prevent rising tuberculosis incidence rates in Africa brought about by the HIV epidemic. However, rising incidence does not necessarily imply failure to control tuberculosis transmission, which is primarily driven by prevalent infectious disease. We

Elizabeth L. Corbett; Tsitsi Bandason; Yin Bun Cheung; Shungu Munyati; Peter Godfrey-Faussett; Richard Hayes; Gavin Churchyard; Anthony Butterworth; Peter Mason

2007-01-01

336

Symptomatic primary Cytomegalovirus infection in a HIV-positive pregnant woman.  

PubMed

We describe a case of symptomatic primary Cytomegalovirus infection in a HIV-positive pregnant woman on antiretroviral treatment with a CD4 count >200?×?10(6)/l requiring intravenous ganciclovir. No adverse consequences from ganciclovir or evidence of congenital Cytomegalovirus infection were found. PMID:24648317

Bergin, Sarah; Ferguson, Wendy; Corcoran, Suzanne; Varughese, Allan; Byrne, David; Lawless, Mairead; Eogan, Maeve; Lambert, John S

2014-12-01

337

Identity and potential pathogenicity of Phytophthora species found on symptomatic Rhododendron plants in a Finnish nursery  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, microbial isolations were made from symptomatic Rhododendron plants from a large Finnish nursery, known to be harbouring Phytophthora based on PCR screenings. The nearby waterways were also sampled. A diversity of common Nordic plants was screened for Phytophthora susceptibility. Isolates recovered from Rhododendron plants included P. ramorum, P. cactorum, P. plurivora, P. pini and Pestalotiopsis sp. Baits

A. Rytkönen; A. Lilja; A. Vercauteren; S. Sirkiä; P. Parikka; M. Soukainen; J. Hantula

2012-01-01

338

Efficacy of dienogest in the treatment of symptomatic adenomyosis: a pilot study.  

PubMed

Abstract Adenomyosis is a common disorder in premenopausal women that causes dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain and menorrhagia. Considering that adenomyosis is an estrogen-dependent disease, the medical treatment is based on this hormone. Effective and well-tolerated medical treatments for symptomatic adenomyosis are needed. Dienogest, an oral progestin, has been extensively investigated in the treatment of endometriosis. In this report, we present the results on the efficacy and safety of dienogest in the treatment of symptomatic adenomyosis. Seventeen patients with symptomatic adenomyosis were included in this study, of which 15 continued dienogest for up to 24 weeks. Dienogest significantly reduced adenomyosis-associated pelvic pain as well as serum CA-125 and CA19-9 levels. It also demonstrated a modest suppression of estradiol (>50?pg/?mL), which is consistent with the findings of other reports. During treatment, five patients experienced worsening anemia because of metrorrhagia, which is the most frequent adverse effect associated with dienogest. This report suggests that dienogest is an effective and well-tolerated therapy for symptomatic adenomyosis. PMID:24905725

Hirata, Tetsuya; Izumi, Gentaro; Takamura, Masashi; Saito, Ako; Nakazawa, Akari; Harada, Miyuki; Hirota, Yasushi; Koga, Kaori; Fujii, Tomoyuki; Osuga, Yutaka

2014-10-01

339

Symptomatic Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy: The Role of Dual-Chamber Pacing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose: The management of symptomatic patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) has traditionally consisted of beta blockers and calcium channel blockers. Surgical treatment has been employed for operable patients who became refractory to medical therapy. However, associated complications, mortality rate, and recurrence of functional limitations have shifted the focus toward alternative therapy modalities. Recently, permanent dual-chamber (DDD) pacemaker

Myung H. Park; David M. Gilligan; Nelson L. Bernardo; On Topaz

1999-01-01

340

Electroacupuncture versus Diclofenac in symptomatic treatment of Osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA), diclofenac and their combination in symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. METHODS: This study was a randomized, single-blind, placebo controlled trial. The 193 out-patients with OA of the knee were randomized into four groups: placebo, diclofenac, EA and combined (diclofenac plus EA). Paracetamol tablets

Chaichan Sangdee; Supanimit Teekachunhatean; Kanit Sananpanich; Nantawit Sugandhavesa; Siripong Chiewchantanakit; Suwalee Pojchamarnwiputh; Subhachai Jayasvasti

2002-01-01

341

Symptomatic fracture incidence in elderly men and women: The Dubbo osteoporosis epidemiology study (DOES)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal population-based study documents the incidence of all symptomatic fractures from 1989 to 1992 in an elderly, predominantly Caucasian population of males and females (?60 years as at 1 January 1989) living in the geographically isolated region of the city of Dubbo, NSW, Australia. Fractures were ascertained by reviewing reports from all radiology services in the region. There were

G. Jones; T. Nguyen; P. N. Sambrook; P. J. Kelly; C. Gilbert; J. A. Eisman

1994-01-01

342

Loss of microstructural integrity in the limbic-subcortical networks for acute symptomatic traumatic brain injury.  

PubMed

Previous studies reported discrepant white matter diffusivity in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on the base of Glasgow Coma Scale, which are unreliable for some TBI severity indicators and the frequency of missing documentation in the medical record. In the present study, we adopted the Mayo classification system for TBI severity. In this system, the mTBI is also divided into two groups as "probable and symptomatic" TBI. We aimed to investigate altered microstructural integrity in symptomatic acute TBI (<1 week) by using tract-based spatial statics (TBSS) approach. A total of 12 patients and 13 healthy volunteers were involved and underwent MRI scans including conventional scan, and SWI and DTI. All the patients had no visible lesions by using conventional and SWI neuroimaging techniques, while showing widespread declines in the fractional anisotropy (FA) of gray matter and white matter throughout the TBSS skeleton, particularly in the limbic-subcortical structures. By contrast, symptomatic TBI patients showed no significant enhanced changes in FA compared to the healthy controls. A better understanding of the acute changes occurring following symptomatic TBI may increase our understanding of neuroplasticity and continuing degenerative change, which, in turn, may facilitate advances in management and intervention. PMID:24695757

Zhu, Yanan; Li, Zhengjun; Bai, Lijun; Tao, Yin; Sun, Chuanzhu; Li, Min; Zheng, Longmei; Zhu, Bao; Yao, Jun; Zhou, Heping; Zhang, Ming

2014-01-01

343

Effect of Craniocervical Decompression on Peak CSF Velocities in Symptomatic Patients with Chiari I Malformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Peak CSF velocities detected in individual voxels in the subarachnoid space in patients with Chiari I malformations exceed those in similar locations in the subarachnoid space in healthy subjects. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the peak voxel velocities are decreased by craniocervical decompression. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with symptomatic

Maria T. Dolar; Victor M. Haughton; Bermans J. Iskandar; Mark Quigley

2004-01-01

344

Management of Symptomatic BPH in the US: Who Is Treated and How?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To review the contemporary management of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in North America. Methods: Information was obtained from published scientific articles, lay press articles, Medicare outcomes data, IMS market analysis data and surveys among primary care practitioners and urologists. Results: A survey in Olmsted County in the US identified the number of men with an I-PSS score >7

Reginald Bruskewitz

1999-01-01

345

Functional abnormalities in symptomatic concussed athletes: an fMRI study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim was to quantify with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) changes in brain activity in concussed athletes and compare the results with those of normal control subjects. Regional brain activations associated with a working memory task were obtained from a group of concussed athletes (15 symptomatic, 1 asymptomatic) and eight matched control subjects, using blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD)

J.-K Chen; K. M Johnston; S Frey; M Petrides; K Worsley; A Ptito

2004-01-01

346

Neuropsychological deficits in symptomatic minor head injury patients after concussion and mild concussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have concluded that most individuals who sustain minor head injury are free of persistent neuropsychological dysfunction. Nevertheless, a subgroup of patients experience continuing post-concussive difficulties and neuropsychological deficits. This study examined 53 symptomatic minor head injury patients referred for neuropsychological evaluation between one and 22 months after injury. These individuals performed significantly poorer than uninjured controls on four

B E Leininger; S E Gramling; A D Farrell; J S Kreutzer; E A Peck

1990-01-01

347

The Cost-Effectiveness of Losartan versus Captopril in Patients with Symptomatic Heart Failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Losartan Heart Failure ELITE Study recently found that in patients with symptomatic heart failure and a left ventricular ejection fraction of ?0.40, losartan compared to captopril improved survival with better tolerability. The objective of this study was to perform an economic evaluation of losartan versus captopril based on the results of the Losartan Heart Failure ELITE Study. The Losartan

Erik J. Dasbach; Michael W. Rich; Robert Segal; William C. Gerth; George W. Carides; John R. Cook; James F. Murray; Duane B. Snavely; Bertram Pitt

1999-01-01

348

Microsurgical excision of symptomatic sacral perineurial cysts: a study of 15 cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe widespread use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), now the first line investigation for back and leg pain, reveals cystic sacral lesions more often than myelography did in the past. There is agreement that symptomatic perineurial sacral cysts should be treated surgically. However, it is still debated whether the preference should be given to the curative option, consisting of excision

Wolfhard Caspar; Luca Papavero; Abdullah Nabhan; Cornelius Loew; Frank Ahlhelm

2003-01-01

349

Stenting of symptomatic vertebral artery ostium stenosis with self-expanding stents.  

PubMed

Symptomatic vertebral arterial stenosis carries a stroke risk of 30% at 5 years. The efficacy of stenting with balloon-expandable stents remains questionable due to a high long-term restenosis rate. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of using self-expanding stents to treat symptomatic vertebral artery ostium (VAO) stenosis in selected patients. Clinical and angiographic results were retrospectively reviewed in patients with symptomatic VAO stenosis who underwent stenting with self-expanding stents between June 2008 and December 2011. In total, 32 patients were included. Self-expanding stents (25 tapered and seven non-tapered) were deployed with a modified technique of deploying the stents from the V1 segment to the proximal subclavian artery. The mean degree of stenosis before and after stenting declined from 76.4% to 11.4%. No peri-procedural complications occurred. During the mean clinical follow-up of 18.3 months, no vertebrobasilar stroke, transient ischemic attack or death occurred. During the mean angiographic follow-up of 12.5 months, asymptomatic restenosis occurred in one (3.1%) patient 6 months after the procedure. No stent fracture occurred. The involved subclavian artery was patent and no clinically apparent events occurred in the dependent upper extremity. Stenting with self-expanding stents for symptomatic VAO stenosis is technically feasible and safe, with reduced restenosis and stent fracture rates in selected patients. Long-term investigations are warranted to validate its performance. PMID:24128770

Li, Zifu; Zhang, Yongwei; Hong, Bo; Deng, Benqiang; Xu, Yi; Zhao, Wenyuan; Liu, Jianmin; Huang, Qinghai

2014-02-01

350

Management of the symptomatic placenta previa: A randomized, controlled trial of inpatient versus outpatient expectant management  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the safety, efficacy, and costs of inpatient and outpatient management of symptomatic placenta previa. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-three women with the initial diagnosis of placenta previa at 24 to 36 weeks' gestation who required hospitalization for vaginal bleeding were stabilized and then randomized to receive either inpatient or outpatient expectant management. Twenty-seven inpatients were placed

Deborah A. Wing; Richard H. Paul; Lynnae K. Millar

1996-01-01

351

Symptomatic intraspinal synovial cysts of the lumbar spine: correlation of MR and surgical findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to determine the frequency of associated MR imaging findings in patients with symptomatic lumbar intraspinal synovial cysts, and to correlate MR with surgical findings. MR imaging studies of 18 patients with surgically and histopathologically proven lumbar intraspinal synovial cysts were retrospectively analyzed and correlated with surgical findings. The diameters of the synovial cysts ranged

M. Tillich; M. Trummer; F. Lindbichler; G. Flaschka

2001-01-01

352

Effect of age and surgical technique on symptomatic arrhythmias after the Fontan procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of newer Fontan modifications (lateral tunnel with or without fenestration) and patient's age at surgery on the incidence and impact of symptomatic postoperative early and intermediate arrhythmias. Modifications to the Fontan procedure are used to decrease postoperative complications, and the Fontan procedure is now being performed on younger patients to

Frank Cecchin; Christopher L Johnsrude; James C. Perry; Richard A. Friedman

1995-01-01

353

Coloured Filters Improve Exclusion of Perceptual Noise in Visually Symptomatic Dyslexics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies of visually symptomatic dyslexics have found that their contrast thresholds for pattern discrimination are the same as non-dyslexics. However, when noise is added to the stimuli, contrast thresholds rise markedly in dyslexics compared with non-dyslexics. This result could be due to impaired noise exclusion in dyslexics. Some…

Northway, Nadia; Manahilov, Velitchko; Simpson, William

2010-01-01

354

Resistance of uropathogens in symptomatic urinary tract infections in León, Nicaragua  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management of urinary tract infections (UTI) in Central America and especially Nicaragua, is complicated by the lack of knowledge about the antibiotic resistance of uropathogens. We conducted a prevalence study to gain more insight into the aetiology, bacterial resistance and risk factors for symptomatic UTI in the region of León, Nicaragua. In 2002, all consecutive patients with UTI symptoms and

A. J Matute; E Hak; C. A. M Schurink; A McArthur; E Alonso; M Paniagua; E van Asbeck; A. M Roskott; F Froeling; M Rozenberg-Arska; I. M Hoepelman

2004-01-01

355

Presence of Chlamydia pneumoniae in Human Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerotic Plaque  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background— Chlamydia pneumoniaehas been identified in atherosclerotic plaques of patients with cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease. However, the direct causative effect of C pneumoniae infection in the activation of atherosclerotic plaque to a prothrombotic state remains to be established. The aim of the present study is to examine the correlation between intraplaque presence of chlamydiae and symptomatic carotid disease in humans.

Ronald LaBiche; Deloris Koziol; Thomas C. Quinn; Charlotte Gaydos; Salman Azhar; Gary Ketron; Suman Sood; Thomas J. DeGraba

2010-01-01

356

Symptomatic treatment of peripheral diabetic neuropathy with carbamazepine (Tegretol ® ): Double blind crossover trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  A double blind crossover study with placebo and carbamazepine was done in 30 diabetic patients who presented diverse clinical types of peripheral diabetic neuropathy. The active drug offered symptomatic relief of all sensory manifestations in 28 cases. No effort was made to assess the action of carbamazepine upon motor or visceral manifestations of neuropathy. There were two complete failures. Untoward

J. A. Rull; R. Quibrera; H. González-Millán; O. Lozano Castañeda

1969-01-01

357

Opening Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy for Symptomatic Hyperextension-Varus Thrust  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the functional outcome of opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) in a young, active group of patients with instability rather than osteoarthritis.Methods: The results of 17 opening wedge HTOs in 16 patients with a symptomatic hyperextension-varus thrust were evaluated. Functional results were evaluated according to the activity scoring system of Tegner

Douglas D. R. Naudie; Annunziato Amendola; Peter J. Fowler

2004-01-01

358

Endoscopic Gallbladder Stent Placement for Treatment of Symptomatic Cholelithiasis in Patients with End-Stage Liver Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES:Symptomatic cholelithiasis is a common disease in the general population with an increased prevalence in patients with cirrhosis. While cholecystectomy is the procedure of choice for the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis, cirrhotics have an increased risk of complications associated with this therapy. We have found that placement of an endoscopic gallbladder stent is an alternative, less invasive treatment for cirrhotic

Christine Schlenker; James F. Trotter; Raj J. Shah; Greg Everson; Yang K. Chen; Daphne Antillon; Mainor R. Antillon

2006-01-01

359

Repair of Ebstein’s anomaly in the symptomatic neonate: an evolution of technique with 7-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Ebstein’s anomaly in the severely symptomatic neonate is usually fatal. Until recently, successful repair has not been reported and various palliative operations have been associated with prohibitive mortality. Recently, we published our initial results with biventricular repair in 3 severely symptomatic neonates. We now update our experience with emphasis on the evolution of our surgical technique and the medium-term

Christopher J. Knott-Craig; Edward D. Overholt; Kent E. Ward; Jeremy M. Ringewald; Sherri S. Baker; Jerry D. Razook

2002-01-01

360

Relation of Gallbladder Function and Helicobacter pylori Infection to Gastric Mucosa Inflammation in Patients with Symptomatic Cholecystolithiasis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Inflammatory alterations of the gastric mucosa are commonly caused by Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection in patients with symptomatic gallstone disease. However, the additional pathogenetic role of an impaired gallbladder function leading to an increased alkaline duodenogastric reflux is controversially discussed. Aim: To investigate the relation of gallbladder function and Hp infection to gastric mucosa inflammation in patients with symptomatic

Panos Stathopoulos; Benedikta Zündt; Fritz W. Spelsberg; Lasse Kolligs; Joachim Diebold; Burkhard Göke; Dieter Jüngst

2006-01-01

361

Uterine Artery Embolization in the Treatment of Symptomatic Uterine Fibroid Tumors (EMMY Trial): Periprocedural Results and Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is an emerging treatment for symptomatic uterine fibroid tumors. This study was performed to evaluate the periprocedural results of the UAE procedure and identify risk factors for technical failure, fever after UAE, pain, and other complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of a multicenter, randomized trial to compare UAE versus hysterectomy in patients with symptomatic

Nicole A. Volkers; Wouter J. K. Hehenkamp; Erwin Birnie; Cees de Vries; Cor Holt; Willem M. Ankum; Jim A. Reekers

2006-01-01

362

Evaluation of Craniocervical Decompression with Duraplasty for Symptomatic Syringomyelia Associated with Chiari Type 1 Malformation in Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: many modalities for treatment of syringomyelia associated with Chiari type 1- malformation have evolved. The aim of our study is to evaluate the results of cranio-cervical decompression together with arachnoid lysis, and duraplasty for symptomatic syringomyelia associated with Chiari type- I malformation in 16 adult patients. Methods: Sixteen adult patients with symptomatic syringomyelia associated with Chiari type 1- malformation

Khaled El

2008-01-01

363

Parasite load estimation by qPCR differentiates between asymptomatic and symptomatic infection in Indian visceral leishmaniasis.  

PubMed

Using quantitative PCR (qPCR), we differentiated asymptomatic and symptomatic Indian Leishmania donovani infection. qPCR on blood of 40 visceral leishmaniasis, 130 endemic, and 40 non-endemic healthy controls showed 500 times less (P < .0001) parasitemia in asymptomatic compared to the symptomatic ones and threshold of 5 parasite genome/mL for the clinical disease. PMID:25023070

Sudarshan, Medhavi; Sundar, Shyam

2014-09-01

364

Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the gallbladder with cholelithiasis masquerading as acute cholecystitis: case report and literature review.  

PubMed

Primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the gallbladder (GB-NHL) is exceedingly rare. We present our experience on a 78-year-old male with chief complaints of fever, chills, and epigastric dull pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan showed a few stones and focally thickened gallbladder wall. He received cholecystectomy under the preoperative diagnosis of acute cholecystitis with septic shock, while pathologic examination revealed cholelithiasis and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma without acute inflammation. Staging procedures revealed a stage IE tumour and the patient received adjuvant radiotherapy. Relapse as a large retroperitoneal mass was noted 32 months later and he passed away three years after initial diagnosis. A literature review revealed 20 cases of GB-NHL. We find that, including our current case, the median age is 63 years and 8 of 19 (42%) tumours are associated with gallstones. The mean and median survival of 15 patients with complete follow-up information is 75 and 36 months, respectively. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma seems to carry a longer survival than non-MALT lymphomas. PMID:17384698

Huang, Wan-Ting; Chuang, Shih-Sung; Huang, Chao-Cheng; Lu, Chin-Li; Eng, Hock-Liew

2007-01-01

365

Determinants of the Timing of Symptomatic Treatment in Early Parkinson Disease  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the predictive value of baseline measures of impairment, disability, and quality of life for the timing of initiation of symptomatic treatment in early Parkinson disease (PD). Design Inception cohort analysis. Setting Ambulatory population from multiple sites in the United States and Canada. Participants Four hundred thirteen patients with early, untreated PD who participated in 2 double-blind trials that assessed the potential of experimental drugs to serve as disease-modifying agents in PD. Intervention Participants were randomized into treatment groups: creatine (n=67), minocycline (n=66), coenzyme Q10(n=71), GPI-1485(n=71), and placebo(n=138). Main Outcome Measure Time between baseline assessment and need for the initiation of symptomatic treatment for PD. The following baseline variables were assessed for their relation to the main outcome measure, while adjusting for possible treatment effect: sex; age; level of education; race/ethnicity; disease duration; occupational status; and Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Survey, Modified Rankin Scale, Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living Scale, Total Functional Capacity Scale, 39-item Parkinson Disease Questionnaire, and Geriatric Depression Scale scores. Variables reaching statistical threshold in univariate analyses (?=.15) were entered into a multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model using time to symptomatic treatment as the dependent variable. Results Approximately half (48.5%) of the participants reached end point within 12 months. Higher baseline impairment and disability, as determined by UPDRS III (motor section), UPDRS II (activities of daily living section, participant rating), and Modified Rankin Scale scores and level of education were independently associated with an earlier need for symptomatic treatment. Conclusions In early PD, greater impairment and disability and higher level of education are independently associated with an earlier need for symptomatic treatment. PMID:19597081

Parashos, Sotirios A.; Swearingen, Christopher J.; Biglan, Kevin M.; Bodis-Wollner, Ivan; Liang, Grace S.; Ross, G. Webster; Tilley, Barbara C.; Shulman, Lisa M.

2010-01-01

366

Role of Coflex as an Adjunct to Decompression for Symptomatic Lumbar Spinal Stenosis  

PubMed Central

Study Design Prospective cohort study. Purpose To assess whether additional implantation of Coflex following spinal decompression provided better clinical outcomes compared to decompression alone for symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and to determine whether improvement in clinical outcomes correlated with changes in the radiological indices studied. Overview of Literature Literature on benefits of additional Coflex implantation compared to decompression alone for symptomatic LSS is limited. Methods Patients with symptomatic LSS who met the study criteria were offered spinal decompression with Coflex implantation. Those patients who accepted Coflex implantation were placed in the Coflex group (n=22); while those opting for decompression alone, were placed in the comparison group (n=24). Clinical outcomes were assessed preoperatively, six-months, one-year and two-years postoperatively, using the Oswestry disability index, 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS)-back pain and VAS-leg pain, and short form-36 (SF-36). Radiological indices (disc height, foraminal height and sagittal angle) were assessed preoperatively, six months, one year, and two years postoperatively. Results Both groups showed statistically significant (p<0.001) improvement in all the clinical outcome indicators at all points in time as compared to the preoperative status. However, improvement in the Coflex group was significantly greater (p<0.001) than the comparison group. Changes in the radiological indices did not correlate significantly with the improvement in clinical outcome indicators. Conclusions Additional Coflex implantation after spinal decompression in symptomatic LSS offers better clinical outcomes than decompression alone in the short-term. Changes in radiological indices do not correlate with the improvements in clinical outcomes after surgery for symptomatic LSS. PMID:24761198

Shah, Siddarth M; Ng, Yau Hong; Pannierselvam, Vinodh Kumar; DasDe, Sudeep; Shen, Liang

2014-01-01

367

Endodontic management of symptomatic pulpal pathosis by single -visit root canal therapy.  

PubMed

Single-visit root canal therapy is one of the reality in modern endodontics globally, both for vital and non-vital teeth, despite many research efforts and much controversy, specially when post-operative pain is concerned. There are increased post-operative complications as pain, swelling, discomfort in managing teeth having symptomatic pulpal pathosis. To clinically verify the possibility to treat symptomatic vital and non-vital teeth in one visit technique, 126 patiens were selected and advised to undergone single visit endodontic treatment at the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka. Endodontically involved symptomatic vital and symptomatic non-vital teeth were enrolled in two groups and advised to undergone single visit endodontic treatment. Both groups were assessed at 24 hours, 48 hours, 72 hours and long term post operative evaluation up to 10 months. The main outcome measure was post operative pain. The result of our study indicates that single visit root canal treatment is a safe, effective and practical method of treatment of an endodontically involved tooth both in vital and non vital cases when applied in appropriate situation. Significantly fewer patients of symptomatic vital cases reported pain in immediate follow up i.e. 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours in comparison to non vital cases (12.69% vs. 22.2%, 4.16% vs. 11.11%, 1.58% vs. 7.93%). At 10 months of long term follow up the recall rate was 74.35% and 90(71%) of patients were comfortable after receiving treatment. Post operative pain incidence in single visit was equivalent to that of multi visit endodontics, provided one had an accurate diagnosis, proper case selection and skilled technique. PMID:24858161

Howlader, M R; Chowdhury, S S; Rahman, M; Hossain, A; Zannat, T A

2014-04-01

368

Chronic pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Chronic pancreatitis is a progressive fibroinflammatory disease that exists in large-duct (often with intraductal calculi) or small-duct form. In many patients this disease results from a complex mix of environmental (eg, alcohol, cigarettes, and occupational chemicals) and genetic factors (eg, mutation in a trypsin-controlling gene or the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator); a few patients have hereditary or autoimmune disease. Pain in the form of recurrent attacks of pancreatitis (representing paralysis of apical exocytosis in acinar cells) or constant and disabling pain is usually the main symptom. Management of the pain is mainly empirical, involving potent analgesics, duct drainage by endoscopic or surgical means, and partial or total pancreatectomy. However, steroids rapidly reduce symptoms in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis, and micronutrient therapy to correct electrophilic stress is emerging as a promising treatment in the other patients. Steatorrhoea, diabetes, local complications, and psychosocial issues associated with the disease are additional therapeutic challenges. PMID:21397320

Braganza, Joan M; Lee, Stephen H; McCloy, Rory F; McMahon, Michael J

2011-04-01

369

Chronic Pelvic Pain  

MedlinePLUS

... Family > Conditions & Treatments > Pain Disorders > Chronic Pelvic Pain Chronic Pelvic Pain Page Content Pelvic pain is an uncommon but ... and can be injured or weakened causing pain Chronic pain can continue long after tissue injury has healed, ...

370

Chronic migraine: current concepts and ongoing treatments.  

PubMed

Migraine is an episodic painful disorder occasionally developing into a chronic form. Such disorder represents one of the most common neurological diseases in clinical practice. Chronicization is often accompanied by the appearance of acute drugs overuse. Chronic migraine (CM) constitutes migraine's natural evolution in its chronic form and involves headache frequency of 15 days/month, with features similar to those of migraine attacks. Medication Overuse Headache (MOH) has been defined as a headache present on > or = 15 days/month, with regular overuse for > 3 months of one or more drugs used for acute and/or symptomatic headache management. Subtypes of MOH attributed to different medications were delineated. Misuse of ergots, triptans, opioids or combination analgesics on > or = 10 days/month was required to make the diagnosis of MOH, while > or = 15 days/month were needed for simple analgesic-overuse headache. CM's low prevalence produces an extremely high disability grade. Therefore, special attention should be paid to both control and reduction of risk factors which might favour the migraine chronicization process and/or the outbreak of MOH. In MOH sufferers, the only treatment of choice is represented by drug withdrawal. Successful detoxification is necessary to ensure improvement in the headache status when treating patients who overuse acute medications. Different procedures have been suggested for withdrawal namely at home, at the hospital, with or without the use of steroids, with re-prophylaxis performed immediately or at the end of the washout period. At the moment we have not a total agreement whether prophylactic treatment should be started before, during, or after discontinuation of the overuse drug. Both drugs have been approved for CM treatment in view of their well-defined resistance to previous prophylaxis drugs. Recently, the PREEMPT clinical program has confirmed onabotulinumtoxinA as an effective, safe, and well-tolerated prophylactic treatment for adults with CM. PMID:22288302

Negro, A; Rocchietti-March, M; Fiorillo, M; Martelletti, P

2011-12-01

371

Oral Antimycobacterial Therapy in Chronic Cutaneous Sarcoidosis  

PubMed Central

IMPORTANCE Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous disease for which there are limited therapeutic options. This is the first randomized, placebo-controlled study to demonstrate that antimycobacterial therapy reduces lesion diameter and disease severity among patients with chronic cutaneous sarcoidosis. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of once-daily antimycobacterial therapy on the resolution of chronic cutaneous sarcoidosis lesions. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS A randomized, placebo-controlled, single-masked trial on 30 patients with symptomatic chronic cutaneous sarcoidosis lesions deemed to require therapeutic intervention. SETTING A tertiary referral dermatology center in Nashville, Tennessee. INTERVENTIONS Participants were randomized to receive either the oral concomitant levofloxacin, ethambutol, azithromycin, and rifampin (CLEAR) regimen or a comparative placebo regimen for 8 weeks with a 180-day follow-up. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Participants were monitored for absolute change in lesion diameter and decrease in granuloma burden, if present, on completion of therapy. OBSERVATIONS In the intention-to-treat analysis, the CLEAR-treated group had a mean (SD) decrease in lesion diameter of ?8.4 (14.0) mm compared with an increase of 0.07 (3.2) mm in the placebo-treated group (P = .05). The CLEAR group had a significant reduction in granuloma burden and experienced a mean (SD) decline of ?2.9 (2.5) mm in lesion severity compared with a decline of ?0.6 (2.1) mm in the placebo group (P = .02). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Antimycobacterial therapy may result in significant reductions in chronic cutaneous sarcoidosis lesion diameter compared with placebo. These observed reductions, associated with a clinically significant improvement in symptoms, were present at the 180-day follow-up period. Transcriptome analysis of sarcoidosis CD4+ T cells revealed reversal of pathways associated with disease severity and enhanced T-cell function following T-cell receptor stimulation. PMID:23863960

Drake, Wonder P.; Oswald-Richter, Kyra; Richmond, Bradley W.; Isom, Joan; Burke, Victoria E.; Algood, Holly; Braun, Nicole; Taylor, Thyneice; Pandit, Kusum V.; Aboud, Caroline; Yu, Chang; Kaminski, Naftali; Boyd, Alan S.; King, Lloyd E.

2014-01-01

372

Genital Shedding of Herpes Simplex Virus Among Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Persons with HSV-2 Infection  

PubMed Central

Context Since HSV-2 antibody tests have become commercially available, an increasing number of persons learn that they have genital herpes through serologic testing. The course of natural history of HSV-2 in asymptomatic, seropositive persons is uncertain. Objective To evaluate the virologic and clinical course of HSV genital shedding among participants with symptomatic and asymptomatic HSV-2 infection. Design, Setting and Participants Cohort of 498 immunocompetent HSV-2 seropositive persons enrolled in prospective studies of genital HSV shedding at the University of Washington Virology Research Clinic, Seattle, Washington, and Westover Heights Clinic in Portland, Oregon, between 1992 and 2008. Each participant obtained daily self-collected swabs of genital secretions for ? 30 days. Main Outcome Measurement The rate of viral shedding measured by quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for HSV DNA from genital swabs. Results HSV was detected on 4,753 of 23,683 days (20.1%; 95% CI, 18.3 to 22.0) in persons with symptomatic genital HSV-2 infection compared with 519 of 5,070 days (10.2%; 95% CI, 7.7 to 13.6) in persons with asymptomatic infection, p<0.001. Subclinical shedding rates were higher in persons with symptomatic infection compared with asymptomatic infection (2,708 of 20,735 days (13.1%; 95% CI, 11.5 to14.6) vs. 434 of 4,929 days (8.8%; 95% CI, 6.3 to 11.5), p<0.001. However, the amount of HSV detected during subclinical shedding episodes was similar (median 4.3 [IQR 3.1-5.6] log10 copies in the symptomatic infection group vs. 4.2 [IQR, 2.9-5.5], p=0.27 in the asymptomatic infection group). Days with lesions accounted for 2,045 of 4,753 days (43.0%; 95% CI, 39.8 to 46.5) with genital viral shedding among persons with symptomatic genital HSV-2 infection compared with 85 of 519 days (16.4%; 95% CI, 11.2 to 23.9) among persons with asymptomatic infection, p<0.001. Conclusions Persons with asymptomatic HSV-2 infection shed virus in the genital tract less frequently than persons with symptomatic infection, but much of the difference is attributable to less frequent genital lesions, as lesions are accompanied by frequent viral shedding. PMID:21486977

Tronstein, Elizabeth; Johnston, Christine; Huang, Meei-Li; Selke, Stacy; Magaret, Amalia; Warren, Terri; Corey, Lawrence; Wald, Anna

2011-01-01

373

Rehabilitation for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To develop a meta-analysis to determine the effectiveness of rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary\\u000a disease (COPD).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINHAL, and Cochrane Library searches for trials of rehabilitation for COPD patients. Abstracts presented at national\\u000a meetings and the reference lists of pertinent articles were reviewed.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if: trials were randomized; patients were symptomatic

Ghassan F. Salman; Michael C. Mosier; Brent W. Beasley; David R. Calkins

2003-01-01

374

CHRONIC URTICARIA  

PubMed Central

Chronic urticaria (CU) is a disturbing allergic condition of the skin. Although frequently benign, it may sometimes be a red flag sign of a serious internal disease. A multitude of etiologies have been implicated in the causation of CU, including physical, infective, vasculitic, psychological and idiopathic. An autoimmune basis of most of the ‘idiopathic’ forms is now hypothesized. Histamine released from mast cells is the major effector in pathogenesis and it is clinically characterized by wheals that have a tendency to recur. Laboratory investigations aimed at a specific etiology are not always conclusive, though may be suggestive of an underlying condition. A clinical search for associated systemic disease is strongly advocated under appropriate circumstances. The mainstay of treatment remains H1 antihistaminics. These may be combined with complementary pharmacopeia in the form of H2 blockers, doxepin, nifedipine and leukotriene inhibitors. More radical therapy in the form of immunoglobulins, plasmapheresis and cyclophosphamide may be required for recalcitrant cases. Autologous transfusion and alternative remedies like acupuncture have prospects for future. A stepwise management results in favorable outcomes. An update on CU based on our experience with patients at a tertiary care centre is presented. PMID:22345759

Sachdeva, Sandeep; Gupta, Vibhanshu; Amin, Syed Suhail; Tahseen, Mohd

2011-01-01

375

For more than 45 years orally dosed levodopa (L-DOPA) has been regarded as the gold standard therapy for symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease (Pd) [1].  

E-print Network

as the gold standard therapy for symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease (Pd) [1]. However its possible for the symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease, as discussed in CHAPTER 1. But further optimization of dopamine agonists and its prodrugs for the symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease. To achieve

van den Brink, Jeroen

376

Symptomatic Versus Inapparent Outcome in Repeat Dengue Virus Infections Is Influenced by the Time Interval between Infections and Study Year  

PubMed Central

Four dengue virus serotypes (DENV1-4) circulate globally, causing more human illness than any other arthropod-borne virus. Dengue can present as a range of clinical manifestations from undifferentiated fever to Dengue Fever to severe, life-threatening syndromes. However, most DENV infections are inapparent. Yet, little is known about determinants of inapparent versus symptomatic DENV infection outcome. Here, we analyzed over 2,000 DENV infections from 2004 to 2011 in a prospective pediatric cohort study in Managua, Nicaragua. Symptomatic cases were captured at the study health center, and paired healthy annual samples were examined on a yearly basis using serological methods to identify inapparent DENV infections. Overall, inapparent and symptomatic DENV infections were equally distributed by sex. The mean age of infection was 1.2 years higher for symptomatic DENV infections as compared to inapparent infections. Although inapparent versus symptomatic outcome did not differ by infection number (first, second or third/post-second DENV infections), substantial variation in the proportion of symptomatic DENV infections among all DENV infections was observed across study years. In participants with repeat DENV infections, the time interval between a first inapparent DENV infection and a second inapparent infection was significantly shorter than the interval between a first inapparent and a second symptomatic infection. This difference was not observed in subsequent infections. This result was confirmed using two different serological techniques that measure total anti-DENV antibodies and serotype-specific neutralizing antibodies, respectively. Taken together, these findings show that, in this study, age, study year and time interval between consecutive DENV infections influence inapparent versus symptomatic infection outcome, while sex and infection number had no significant effect. Moreover, these results suggest that the window of cross-protection induced by a first infection with DENV against a second symptomatic infection is approximately 2 years. These findings are important for modeling dengue epidemics and development of vaccines. PMID:23951377

Mercado, Juan Carlos; Williams, Katherine L.; Vargas, Maria Jose; Gutierrez, Gamaliel; Kuan, Guillermina; Gordon, Aubree; Balmaseda, Angel; Harris, Eva

2013-01-01

377

Immunomodulating therapy with intravenous immunoglobulin in patients with chronic heart failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Congestive heart failure (CHF) is characterized by enhanced immune activation, and immune-mediated mechanisms may play a pathogenic role in this disorder. Based on the immunomodulatory effects of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), we hypothesized that IVIG could downregulate inflammatory responses in CHF patients and have potential beneficial effects on the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Methods and Results—Forty patients with chronic symptomatic

Lars Gullestad; Halfdan Aass; Jan G. Fjeld

2001-01-01

378

Relationship between Cumulative BMI and Symptomatic, Psychosocial, and Medical Outcomes in Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder  

PubMed Central

We examined the relationship between cumulative body mass index (BMI) and symptomatic, psychosocial, and medical outcomes in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Two hundred female borderline patients were weighed and measured during their index admission. They were subsequently interviewed at six, eight, and 10 years intervals. Over 10 years of prospective follow-up, increases in cumulative BMI were significantly associated with self-mutilation and dissociation (but not suicide attempts). Increases in cumulative BMI were also significantly associated with having no life partner, a poor work or school history, being on disability, being rated with a GAF score in the fair or poor range, and having a low income. In addition, increases in BMI were related to having two or more obesity-related medical conditions and using costly forms of health care. Increases in cumulative BMI may be a marker for adverse symptomatic, functional, and medical outcomes in patients with BPD. PMID:21838559

Frankenburg, Frances R.; Zanarini, Mary C.

2011-01-01

379

Increased Frequency of Tim-3 Expressing T Cells Is Associated with Symptomatic West Nile Virus Infection  

PubMed Central

More than a decade after West Nile virus (WNV) entered North America, and despite a significant increase in reported cases during the 2012 and 2013 seasons, no treatment or vaccine for humans is available. Although antiviral T cells contribute to the control of WNV, little is known about their regulation during acute infection. We analyzed the expression of Tim-3 and PD-1, two recently identified T cell negative immune checkpoint receptors, over the course of WNV infection. Symptomatic WNV+ donors exhibited higher frequencies of Tim-3+ cells than asymptomatic subjects within naïve/early differentiated CD28+/–CD57–CD4+ and differentiated CD28–CD57–CD8+ T cells. Our study links Tim-3-expression on T cells during acute WNV infection with the development of symptomatic disease, suggesting Tim-3 and its ligands could be targeted therapeutically to alter anti-WNV immunity and improve disease outcome. PMID:24642562

Lanteri, Marion C.; Diamond, Michael S.; Law, Jacqueline P.; Chew, Glen M.; Wu, Shiquan; Inglis, Heather C.; Wong, Derek; Busch, Michael P.

2014-01-01

380

Percutaneous aspiration and alcohol sclerotherapy for symptomatic hepatic cysts. An alternative to surgical intervention.  

PubMed Central

Eight patients with 15 symptomatic nonneoplastic congenital hepatic cysts underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous aspiration and temporary injection of 99% ethanol into the cyst. All cysts were treated at least twice at the same sitting. The volume of alcohol injected varied from 20 to 100 ml, depending on the size of the cyst. A cure was usually achieved with one alcohol sclerotherapy treatment. Only minor side effects such as transient pain and temperature elevation occurred. No recurrences were found during a follow-up period of 12 to 32 months. The results indicate that aspiration and alcohol sclerotherapy is a feasible alternative to surgical intervention in patients with symptomatic nonneoplastic congenital hepatic cysts. We recommend it as the treatment of choice in cases with high surgical risk or polycystic liver disease. Images Figs. 1A-E. Figs. 1A-E. Figs. 2A-I. Figs. 2A-I. Figs. 2A-I. PMID:2667475

Kairaluoma, M I; Leinonen, A; Stahlberg, M; Paivansalo, M; Kiviniemi, H; Siniluoto, T

1989-01-01

381

A Critical Protection Level Derived from Dengue Infection Mathematical Model Considering Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Classes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we formulate a model of dengue fever transmission by considering the presence of asymptomatic and symptomatic compartments. The model takes the form as a system of differential equations representing a host-vector SIR (Susceptible - Infective -Recovered) disease transmission. It is assumed that both host and vector populations are constant. It is also assumed that reinfection of recovered hosts by the disease is possible due to a wanning immunity in human body. We analyze the model to determine the qualitative behavior of the model solution and use the concept of effective basic reproduction number (fraktur Rp) as a control criteria of the disease transmission. The effect of mosquito biting protection (e.g. by using insect repellent) is also considered. We compute the long-term ratio of the asymptomatic and symptomatic classes and show a condition for which the iceberg phenomenon could appear.

Anggriani, N.; Supriatna, A. K.; Soewono, E.

2013-04-01

382

Symptomatic atlantoaxial instability in an adolescent with trisomy 21 (Down's syndrome).  

PubMed

Atlantoaxial instability (AAI) occurs in 15% of children with Trisomy 21. Health supervision guidelines were revised by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2011 to reflect advances in care for children with special health care needs (CSHCN). Previous guidelines recommended cervical spine radiological screenings in preschool years to evaluate for atlantoaxial instability. For patients with negative screening, re-screening was recommended if they wished to compete in the Special Olympics, or became symptomatic. We present the case of an adolescent who developed a symptomatic atlantoaxial dislocation despite previous negative radiological screening at the age three (under the 2001 guidelines). This case report highlights the revisions in the 2011 guidelines for health supervision and anticipatory guidance. It underlines the need for a high index of suspicion if symptoms develop. It also addresses the need for a medical home for CSHCN, with health care providers who know the child's baseline health status. PMID:23564301

Dedlow, E Rosellen; Siddiqi, Siraj; Fillipps, Donald J; Kelly, Maria N; Nackashi, John A; Tuli, Sanjeev Y

2013-07-01

383

Increased frequency of Tim-3 expressing T cells is associated with symptomatic West Nile virus infection.  

PubMed

More than a decade after West Nile virus (WNV) entered North America, and despite a significant increase in reported cases during the 2012 and 2013 seasons, no treatment or vaccine for humans is available. Although antiviral T cells contribute to the control of WNV, little is known about their regulation during acute infection. We analyzed the expression of Tim-3 and PD-1, two recently identified T cell negative immune checkpoint receptors, over the course of WNV infection. Symptomatic WNV+ donors exhibited higher frequencies of Tim-3+ cells than asymptomatic subjects within naïve/early differentiated CD28+/-CD57-CD4+ and differentiated CD28-CD57-CD8+ T cells. Our study links Tim-3-expression on T cells during acute WNV infection with the development of symptomatic disease, suggesting Tim-3 and its ligands could be targeted therapeutically to alter anti-WNV immunity and improve disease outcome. PMID:24642562

Lanteri, Marion C; Diamond, Michael S; Law, Jacqueline P; Chew, Glen M; Wu, Shiquan; Inglis, Heather C; Wong, Derek; Busch, Michael P; Norris, Philip J; Ndhlovu, Lishomwa C

2014-01-01

384

Imported Armillifer pentastomiasis: report of a symptomatic infection in The Netherlands and mini-review.  

PubMed

We report a case of symptomatic visceral Armillifer pentastomiasis in a 23-year-old female Liberian immigrant to The Netherlands. The patient was referred to the gynecologist because of lower abdominal pain. During laparotomy, multiple adhesions were seen in the lower pelvis and a hydrosalpinx with an encapsulated Armillifer nymph, most likely Armillifer armillatus, was found. Key features of the parasite's cuticle which facilitate the diagnosis of pentastomiasis, are presented. Symptomatic pentastomiasis is uncommon, and most cases are diagnosed incidentally during surgery for other reasons, or at autopsy. With regard to increasing international migration, other imported pentastomiasis cases to Europe and North America are reviewed, and more cases are likely to be seen in the future. PMID:24211241

Tappe, Dennis; Dijkmans, Anneke C; Brienen, Eric A T; Dijkmans, Ben A C; Ruhe, Inge M C; Netten, Magali C M L; van Lieshout, Lisette

2014-01-01

385

Cyclophosphamide-induced symptomatic hyponatremia, a rare but severe side effect: a case report  

PubMed Central

Cyclophosphamide is commonly used in the treatment of malignant diseases. Symptomatic severe hyponatremia induced by low-dose cyclophosphamide is very uncommon worldwide. We report a case of severe symptomatic hyponatremia that developed in a female breast cancer patient following the first cycle of chemotherapy containing low-dose cyclophosphamide. Her laboratory test showed serum Na of 112 mmol/L. Her hyponatremia was initially treated with sodium bicarbonate. She completely recovered without neurological deficits after slow correction of the serum Na concentration. Although hyponatremia is a rare toxicity it should always be considered during the usage of cyclophosphamide, even if the dosage is low, especially with concurrent use of other medications that impair water excretion, like chlorthalidone. This report describes the first reported case of cyclophosphamide-induced hyponatremia in Qatar. PMID:25336968

Elazzazy, Shereen; Mohamed, Asmaa Elhassan; Gulied, Amaal

2014-01-01

386

Natural course of the minimally symptomatic nonoperated hip in patients with bilateral hip dysplasia treated with contralateral rotational acetabular osteotomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The purpose of this study was to investigate the natural course of the minimally symptomatic nonoperated hip in patients with\\u000a preosteoarthritis or early osteoarthritis in bilaterally dysplastic hips.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The material consisted of 61 patients with bilaterally dysplastic hips who underwent rotational acetabular osteotomy in their\\u000a symptomatic hip and nonoperative treatment in their asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic hip. The average follow-up

Takashi Hisatome; Yuji Yasunaga; Ryuji Tanaka; Takuma Yamasaki; Osamu Ishida; Mitsuo Ochi

2005-01-01

387

Genetic and clinical specificity of 26 symptomatic carriers for dystrophinopathies at pediatric age  

PubMed Central

The molecular basis underlying the clinical variability in symptomatic Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) carriers are still to be precised. We report 26 cases of early symptomatic DMD carriers followed in the French neuromuscular network. Clinical presentation, muscular histological analysis and type of gene mutation, as well as X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) patterns using DNA extracted from peripheral blood or muscle are detailed. The initial symptoms were significant weakness (88%) or exercise intolerance (27%). Clinical severity varied from a Duchenne-like progression to a very mild Becker-like phenotype. Cardiac dysfunction was present in 19% of the cases. Cognitive impairment was worthy of notice, as 27% of the carriers are concerned. The muscular analysis was always contributive, revealing muscular dystrophy (83%), mosaic in immunostaining (81%) and dystrophin abnormalities in western blot analysis (84%). In all, 73% had exonic deletions or duplications and 27% had point mutations. XCI pattern was biased in 62% of the cases. In conclusion, we report the largest series of manifesting DMD carriers at pediatric age and show that exercise intolerance and cognitive impairment may reveal symptomatic DMD carriers. The complete histological and immunohistological study of the muscle is the key of the diagnosis leading to the dystrophin gene analysis. Our study shows also that cognitive impairment in symptomatic DMD carriers is associated with mutations in the distal part of the DMD gene. XCI study does not fully explain the mechanisms as well as the wide spectrum of clinical phenotype, though a clear correlation between the severity of the phenotype and inactivation bias was observed. PMID:23299919

Mercier, Sandra; Toutain, Annick; Toussaint, Aurelie; Raynaud, Martine; de Barace, Claire; Marcorelles, Pascale; Pasquier, Laurent; Blayau, Martine; Espil, Caroline; Parent, Philippe; Journel, Hubert; Lazaro, Leila; Andoni Urtizberea, Jon; Moerman, Alexandre; Faivre, Laurence; Eymard, Bruno; Maincent, Kim; Gherardi, Romain; Chaigne, Denys; Ben Yaou, Rabah; Leturcq, France; Chelly, Jamel; Desguerre, Isabelle

2013-01-01

388

Living with a symptomatic rotator cuff tear 'bad days, bad nights': a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Rotator cuff tears are a common cause of shoulder pain. There is an absence of information about symptomatic rotator cuffs from the patients’ perspective; this limits the information clinicians can share with patients and the information that patients can access via sources such as the internet. This study describes the experiences of people with a symptomatic rotator cuff, their symptoms, the impact upon their daily lives and the coping strategies utilised by study participants. Methods An interpretive phenomenological analysis approach was used. 20 participants of the UKUFF trial (The United Kingdom Rotator Cuff Surgery Trial) agreed to participate in in-depth semi-structured interviews about their experiences about living with a symptomatic rotator cuff tear. Interviews were digitally recorded and fully transcribed. Field notes, memos and a reflexive diary were used. Data was coded in accordance with interpretive phenomenological analysis. Peer review, code-recode audits and constant comparison of data, codes and categories occurred throughout. Results The majority of patients described intense pain and severely disturbed sleep. Limited movement and reduced muscle strength were described by some participants. The predominantly adverse impact that a symptomatic rotator cuff tear had upon activities of daily living, leisure activities and occupation was described. The emotional and financial impact and impact upon caring roles were detailed. Coping strategies included attempting to carry on as normally as possible, accepting their condition, using their other arm, using analgesics, aids and adaptions. Conclusions Clinicians need to appreciate and understand the intensity and shocking nature of pain that may be experienced by participants with known rotator cuff tears and understand the detrimental impact tears can have upon all areas of patient’s lives. Clinicians also need to be aware of the potential emotional impact caused by cuff tears and to ensure that patients needing help for conditions such as depression are speedily identified and provided with support, explanation and appropriate treatment. PMID:25008095

2014-01-01

389

Rubber Band Ligation of Symptomatic Internal Hemorrhoids: Results of 500 Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aim: In this prospective study the results of rubber band ligation (RBL) of symptomatic hemorrhoids in 500 consecutive patients with 2nd (255 cases), 3rd (218 cases) and 4th degree (27 cases) hemorrhoids are presented. Methods: The patients’ symptoms were hemorrhage in 142 cases (28.4%), prolapse in 33 cases (6.6%) and both hemorrhage and prolapse in 325 cases (65%). Sixteen patients

Vassilios A. Komborozos; George J. Skrekas; Christos A. Pissiotis

2000-01-01

390

Oesophageal plastic repair for symptomatic ballooning following circular oesophageal myotomy and correction of oesophageal atresia  

PubMed Central

Two patients with refractory anastomotic stenosis and symptomatic ballooning of the upper oesophageal pouch following repair of long gap oesophageal atresia are described. In both cases a circular myotomy had been used to elongate the proximal oesophageal segment at the time of primary repair. Both patients were successfully treated by Y-V plasty of the oesophageal stenosis and tailoring of the dilated segment. ????? PMID:9176545

Zer, M.; Freud, E.; Grozovski, S.

1997-01-01

391

Rami Communicans Nerve Block for the Treatment of Symptomatic Schmorl's Nodes -A Case Report-  

PubMed Central

Histologically, Schmorl's nodes are defined as the loss of nuclear material through the cartilage plate, growth plate, and end plate into the vertebral body. Most Schmorl's nodes are asymptomatic, although there are some reports of symptomatic Schmorl's nodes, which should be treated similarly to vertebral compression fractures, with conservative treatment as the first choice. We report the case that we reduced the pain by blocking the ramus communicans nerve in a patient with Schmorl's node. PMID:21217891

Kwon, Hyung Ki; Lee, Jae Jun; Hwang, Sung Mi; Lim, So Young

2010-01-01

392

Rami Communicans Nerve Block for the Treatment of Symptomatic Schmorl's Nodes -A Case Report-.  

PubMed

Histologically, Schmorl's nodes are defined as the loss of nuclear material through the cartilage plate, growth plate, and end plate into the vertebral body. Most Schmorl's nodes are asymptomatic, although there are some reports of symptomatic Schmorl's nodes, which should be treated similarly to vertebral compression fractures, with conservative treatment as the first choice. We report the case that we reduced the pain by blocking the ramus communicans nerve in a patient with Schmorl's node. PMID:21217891

Jang, Ji Su; Kwon, Hyung Ki; Lee, Jae Jun; Hwang, Sung Mi; Lim, So Young

2010-12-01

393

Current status of symptomatic medical therapy in Parkinson’s disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Symptomatic medical therapies for Parkinson’s disease (PD) have been disease modifying and have led to improvement in daily\\u000a function, quality of life, and survival. For 40 years, these therapies have been primarily dopaminergic, and currently include\\u000a the dopamine (DA) precursor levodopa (LD), DA agonists, catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors, and monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors. The roles of all these classes of agents

Stewart A. Factor

2008-01-01

394

Percutaneous uterine artery embolization for the treatment of symptomatic fibroids: current status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is increasingly being used as an alternative treatment to hysterectomy for symptomatic fibroids. Symptoms of pelvic pressure, urinary frequency and menorrhagia are controlled in 73–98% of patients who undergo UAE. At the 1-year follow-up, the uterus may shrink by up to 55% but re-growth of fibroid may however occur. The rate of major complications and amenorrhoea

Tommaso Lupattelli; Antonio Basile; Francesco Giuseppe Garaci; Giovanni Simonetti

2005-01-01

395

A case of symptomatic cervical perineural (Tarlov) cyst: clinical manifestation and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perineural (Tarlov) cysts are most often found in the sacral region and are rare in the cervical spine. Although they are\\u000a usually asymptomatic, a small number of those at the lumbosacral level have been known to produce localized or radicular pain.\\u000a Few reports are available on symptomatic perineural cysts in the cervical spine and it has not been discussed how

Keewon Kim; Se Woong Chun; Sun G. Chung

396

Progesterone for Symptomatic Perimenopause Treatment - Progesterone politics, physiology and potential for perimenopause.  

PubMed

Perimenopause, women's normal midlife reproductive transition, is highly symptomatic for about 20% of women who are currently inaccurately counseled and inappropriately treated with oral contraceptives, menopausal hormone therapy or hysterectomy. About 80% of perimenopausal women experience vasomotor symptoms (VMS), 25% have menorrhagia, and about 10% experience mastalgia. The majority of women describe varying intensities of sleep, -coping or mood difficulties. Women are more symptomatic because common knowledge inaccurately says that estradiol (E2) levels are dropping/deficient. Evidence shows that with disturbed brain-ovary feedbacks, E2 levels average 26% higher and soar erratically - some women describe feeling pregnant! Also, ovulation and progesterone (P4) levels become insufficient or absent. The most symptomatic women have higher E2 and lower P4 levels. Because P4 and E2 complement/counterbalance each other's tissue effects, oral micronized P4 (OMP4 300 mg at -bedtime) is a physiological therapy for treatment-seeking, symptomatic perimenopausal women. Given cyclically (cycle d 14-27, or 14 on/off) in menstruating midlife women, OMP4 decreases cyclic VMS, improves sleep and premenstrual mastalgia. Menorrhagia is treated with ibuprofen 200mg/6h plus OMP4 cycle d 4-28. For insulin resistance, metformin plus cyclic or daily OMP4 decreases insulin resistance and weight gain. Non-responsive migraines need daily OMP4 plus usual therapies. VMS and insomnia in late perimenopause respond to daily OMP4. In summary, OMP4 is a physiology-based therapy that improves sleep, treats VMS, does not increase breast proliferation or cancer risk, increases bone formation and has beneficial cardiovascular effects. A controlled trial is testing OMP4 for perimenopausal VMS - more evidence-based data are needed. PMID:24753856

Prior, J C

2011-01-01

397

Causes and Severity of Ischemic Stroke in Patients With Symptomatic Intracranial Arterial Stenosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—There are limited data on the causes and severity of subsequent stroke in patients presenting initially with TIA or stroke attributed to intracranial arterial stenosis. Methods—We evaluated the location, type (lacunar vs nonlacunar), cause, and severity of stroke in patients who had an ischemic stroke endpoint in the Warfarin Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease (WASID) trial. Results—Of the 569

Bolanle M. Famakin; Marc I. Chimowitz; Michael J. Lynn; Barney J. Stern; Mary G. George

398

Oligosymptomatic vs. symptomatic incisional hernias—who benefits from open repair?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Incisional hernias are one of the most often complications in abdominal surgery and therefore present a significant surgical\\u000a and socioeconomic problem. To date, incisional hernias are always an indication for surgery, regardless of the patient’s symptoms.\\u000a However, it remains unclear to what extent the surgery actually results in symptomatic improvement and whether a relevant\\u000a risk of incarceration exists. The purpose

Johannes Christian Lauscher; Stefanie Rieck; Jan C. Loh; Jörn Gröne; Heinz J. Buhr; Jörg-Peter Ritz

2011-01-01

399

Sleep and pain complaints in symptomatic traumatic brain injury and neurologic populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To compare the incidence of sleep and pain complaints in symptomatic traumatic brain injury (TBI) (mild vs moderate\\/severe) and neurologic populations.Design: Case-control study.Setting: Outpatient neuropsychology service at a university-affiliated tertiary care center.Patients: A consecutive sample of mild (n = 127) and moderate to severe (n = 75) patients with TBI and a general neurologic (non-TBI) group (n = 123)

John T. Beetar; Thomas J. Guilmette; Francis R. Sparadeo

1996-01-01

400

Symptomatic migraine and sensitization of trigeminal nociception associated with contralateral pontine cavernoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 38-year-old woman is described with symptomatic strictly right-sided migraine associated with a pontine cavernoma affecting the contralateral (left) nucleus raphe magnus. A persistent facilitation of the right-sided trigeminal nociception was detected interictally using the ‘nociception specific’ blink reflex, which was more pronounced during the acute attack. This case shows for the first time, an impairment of the anti-nociceptive brainstem

Zaza Katsarava; Thomas Egelhof; Holger Kaube; Hans-Christoph Diener; Volker Limmroth

2003-01-01

401

Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling of Symptomatic Intracranial Atherosclerosis May Predict Risk of Stroke Recurrence  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) of ?70% luminal stenosis are at high risk of stroke recurrence. We aimed to evaluate the relationships between hemodynamics of ICAS revealed by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models and risk of stroke recurrence in this patient subset. Methods Patients with a symptomatic ICAS lesion of 70–99% luminal stenosis were screened and enrolled in this study. CFD models were reconstructed based on baseline computed tomographic angiography (CTA) source images, to reveal hemodynamics of the qualifying symptomatic ICAS lesions. Change of pressures across a lesion was represented by the ratio of post- and pre-stenotic pressures. Change of shear strain rates (SSR) across a lesion was represented by the ratio of SSRs at the stenotic throat and proximal normal vessel segment, similar for the change of flow velocities. Patients were followed up for 1 year. Results Overall, 32 patients (median age 65; 59.4% males) were recruited. The median pressure, SSR and velocity ratios for the ICAS lesions were 0.40 (?2.46–0.79), 4.5 (2.2–20.6), and 7.4 (5.2–12.5), respectively. SSR ratio (hazard ratio [HR] 1.027; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.004–1.051; P?=?0.023) and velocity ratio (HR 1.029; 95% CI, 1.002–1.056; P?=?0.035) were significantly related to recurrent territorial ischemic stroke within 1 year by univariate Cox regression, respectively with the c-statistics of 0.776 (95% CI, 0.594–0.903; P?=?0.014) and 0.776 (95% CI, 0.594–0.903; P?=?0.002) in receiver operating characteristic analysis. Conclusions Hemodynamics of ICAS on CFD models reconstructed from routinely obtained CTA images may predict subsequent stroke recurrence in patients with a symptomatic ICAS lesion of 70–99% luminal stenosis. PMID:24818753

Leng, Xinyi; Scalzo, Fabien; Ip, Hing Lung; Johnson, Mark; Fong, Albert K.; Fan, Florence S. Y.; Chen, Xiangyan; Soo, Yannie O. Y.; Miao, Zhongrong; Liu, Liping; Feldmann, Edward; Leung, Thomas W. H.; Liebeskind, David S.; Wong, Ka Sing

2014-01-01

402

Effective treatment of symptomatic diabetic polyneuropathy by high-frequency external muscle stimulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims\\/hypothesis  Diabetic distal symmetrical sensory polyneuropathy (DSP) affects 20–30% of diabetic patients. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and electrical spinal cord stimulation have been proposed as physical therapies. We performed a controlled, randomised pilot trial to compare the effects of high-frequency external muscle stimulation (HF) with those of TENS in patients with symptomatic DSP.Methods  Patients with type 2 diabetes and DSP (n=41)

L. Reichstein; S. Labrenz; D. Ziegler; S. Martin

2005-01-01

403

Treatment of symptomatic diabetic peripheral neuropathy with the anti-oxidant ?-lipoic acid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Anti-oxidant treatment has been shown to prevent nerve dysfunction in experimental diabetes mellitus, thus providing a rationale of potential therapeutic value for diabetic patients. The effects of the anti-oxidant -lipoic acid (thioctic acid) were studied in a 3-week multicentre, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial (Alpha-Lipoic Acid in Diabetic Neuropathy; ALADIN) in 328 non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients with symptomatic peripheral neuropathy who were

D. Ziegler; M. Hanefeld; K. J. Ruhnau; H. P. Meiner; M. Lobisch; K. Schiitte; F. A. Gries

1995-01-01

404

Successful treatment of oral lesions of chronic lichenoid graft-vs.-host disease by the addition of low-level laser therapy to systemic immunosuppression.  

PubMed

We report a case of severe oral stomatitis caused by lichenoid chronic graft-vs.-host disease in which low-level laser therapy applied to the oral mucosa, in addition to standard systemic immunosuppressive treatment, resulted in quick healing and symptomatic relief. PMID:14962242

Chor, Ana; de Azevedo, Alexandre Mello; Maiolino, Angelo; Nucci, Marcio

2004-03-01

405

Vulvar lichen sclerosus and squamous cell carcinoma: A cohort, case control, and investigational study with historical perspective; implications for chronic inflammation and sclerosis in the development of neoplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The histological changes of lichen sclerosus (LS) are frequently found in association with vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The importance of chronic inflammation and scarring in oncogenesis is well recognized. Thirty-two patients with symptomatic vulvar LS and 60 with vulvar SCC were studied. Paraffin sections of vulvar LS, and three controls groups (acute scars, normal vulva, and vulvar lichen simplex

J. Andrew Carlson; Robert Ambros; John Malfetano; Jeffery Ross; Richard Grabowski; Philina Lamb; Helen Figge; Martin C Mihm

1998-01-01

406

The role of cumulative physical work load in lumbar spine disease: risk factors for lumbar osteochondrosis and spondylosis associated with chronic complaints  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESTo investigate the relation with a case-control study between symptomatic osteochondrosis or spondylosis of the lumbar spine and cumulative occupational exposure to lifting or carrying and to working postures with extreme forward bending.METHODSFrom two practices and four clinics were recruited 229 male patients with radiographically confirmed osteochondrosis or spondylosis of the lumbar spine associated with chronic complaints. Of these 135

A Seidler; U Bolm-Audorff; H Heiskel; N Henkel; B Roth-Küver; U Kaiser; R Bickeböller; W J Willingstorfer; W Beck; G Elsner

2001-01-01

407

Constructions of chronic illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in chronic illness as an area for research and writing is increasing across a diverse range of disciplines. Initially of interest to medicine, chronic illness is now studied by social scientists, psychologists and health professions (for example, nurses). Predominantly, the individuals affected by particular chronic illnesses have been the central interest in the body of work relating to chronic

Sally Wellard

1998-01-01

408

Acute symptomatic hypoglycaemia mimicking ischaemic stroke on imaging: a systemic review  

PubMed Central

Background Acute symptomatic hypoglycaemia is a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with stroke-like neurological impairment, but few textbooks describe the full brain imaging appearances. We systematically reviewed the literature to identify how often hypoglycaemia may mimic ischaemic stroke on imaging, common patterns and relationships with hypoglycaemia severity, duration, clinical outcome and add two new cases. Methods We searched EMBASE and Medline databases for papers reporting imaging in adults with symptomatic hypoglycaemia. We analysed the clinical presentation, outcome, brain imaging findings, duration and severity of hypoglycaemia, time course of lesion appearance, including two new cases. Results We found 42 papers describing computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging in 65 patients, plus our two cases with symptomatic hypoglycaemia. Imaging abnormalities on computed tomography and magnetic resonance were uni or bilateral, cortical or sub-cortical. Thirteen (20%) mimicked cortical or lacunar stroke. Acute lesions had restricted diffusion on magnetic resonance or low attenuation on computed tomography, plus swelling; older lesions showed focal atrophy or disappeared, as with ischaemic stroke. The association between the depth or duration of hypoglycaemia, the severity or extent of neurological deficit, and the imaging abnormalities, was weak. Conclusion Imaging abnormalities in patients with hypoglycaemia are uncommon but very variable, weakly associated with neurological deficit, and about a fifth mimic acute ischaemic stroke. Blood glucose testing should be routine in all patients with acute neurological impairment and hypoglycaemia should be included in the differential diagnosis of imaging appearances in patients presenting with acute stroke. PMID:23171315

2012-01-01

409

Long-term psychological consequences of symptomatic pulmonary embolism: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the psychological consequences of experiencing symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE). Design Qualitative interview-based study using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Setting Outpatients who attended an anticoagulation clinic in a district general hospital. Participants Patients attending an anticoagulation clinic following hospital admission for symptomatic PE were approached to participate. A total of 9 (4 women, 5 men) of 11 patients approached agreed to be interviewed. Participants were aged between 26 and 72?years and had previously experienced a PE between 9 and 60?months (median=26?months, mean=24?months). Intervention Audiotaped semistructured qualitative interviews were undertaken to explore participants experiences of having a PE and how it had affected their lives since. Data were transcribed and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis to identify emergent themes. Results Three major themes with associated subthemes were identified. Participants described having a PE as a life-changing experience comprising initial shock, followed by feeling of loss of self, life-changing decisions and behaviour modification. Features of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were described with flashbacks, hypervigilance and intrusive thoughts being most prevalent. Participants identified several areas of support needed for such patients including easier access to support through information giving and emotional support. Conclusions Long-term consequences of venous thromboembolism go beyond the physical alone. Patients describe experiencing symptomatic PE to be a life-changing distressing event leading to behaviour modification and in some PTSD. It is likely that earlier psychological intervention may reduce such long-term sequelae. PMID:24694625

Noble, Simon; Lewis, Rhian; Whithers, Jodie; Lewis, Sarah; Bennett, Paul

2014-01-01

410

Neural stem cell transplantation benefits a monogenic neurometabolic disorder during the symptomatic phase of disease  

PubMed Central

Although we and others have demonstrated that neural stem cells (NSCs) may impact such neurogenetic conditions as lysosomal storage diseases when transplanted at birth, it has remained unclear whether such interventions can impact well-established mid-stage disease, a situation often encountered clinically. Here we report that when NSCs were injected intracranially into the brain of adult symptomatic Sandhoff (Hexb?/?) mice, cells migrated far from the injection site and integrated into the host cytoarchitecture, restoring ?-hexosaminidase enzyme activity and promoting neuropathologic and behavioral improvement. Mouse lifespan increased, neurological function improved, and disease progression was slowed. These clinical benefits correlated with neuropathological correction at the cellular and molecular levels, reflecting the multiple potential beneficial actions of stem cells, including enzyme cross-correction, cell replacement, tropic support, and direct anti-inflammatory action. Pathotropism, i.e., migration and homing of NSCs to pathological sites, could be imaged in real time by magnetic resonance imaging. Differentially expressed chemokines might play a role in directing the migration of transplanted stem cells to sites of pathology. Because many of the beneficial actions of NSCs observed in newborn brains were recapitulated in adult brains to the benefit of Sandhoff recipients, NSC-based interventions may also be useful in symptomatic subjects with established disease, even in symptomatic patients. PMID:19591217

Jeyakumar, Mylvaganam; Lee, Jean-Pyo; Sibson, Nicola R; Lowe, John P; Stuckey, Daniel J; Tester, Katie; Fu, Gerald; Newlin, Robbin M; Smith, David A; Snyder, Evan Y; Platt, Frances M

2012-01-01

411

Nimesulide Improves the Symptomatic and Disease Modifying Effects of Leflunomide in Collagen Induced Arthritis  

PubMed Central

Nimesulide is a COX-2 inhibitor used for symptomatic relief of rheumatoid arthritis. Leflunomide is an anti-pyrimidine used to manage the progression of rheumatoid arthritis. Herein we studied the influence of nimesulide and leflunomide combination in terms of disease symptoms and progression using collagen-induced arthritis model in mice, as a model for rheumatoid arthritis. Collagen induced arthritis was induced by immunization with type II collagen. Assessment of joint stiffness and articular hyperalgesia were evaluated using a locomotor activity cage and the Hargreaves method, respectively. Disease progression was assessed via arthritic index scoring, X-ray imaging, myeloperoxidase enzyme activity and histopathologic examination. Nimesulide induced only transient symptomatic alleviation on the top of decreased leucocytic infiltration compared to arthritis group. However, nimesulide alone failed to induce any significant improvement in the radiological or pathological disease progression. Leflunomide alone moderately alleviates the symptoms of arthritis and moderately retarded the radiological and pathological disease progression. Combination of nimesulide and leflunomide significantly improved symptomatic (analgesia and joint stiffness) and arthritic disease progression (radiological, pathological and Myeloperoxidase enzyme activity) in collagen induced arthritis animal model. PMID:25375820

Al-Abd, Ahmed M.; Al-Abbasi, Fahad A.; Nofal, Salwa M.; Khalifa, Amani E.; Williams, Richard O.; El-Eraky, Wafaa I.; Nagy, Ayman A.; Abdel-Naim, Ashraf B.

2014-01-01

412

Development of children with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage born after vacuum extraction.  

PubMed

Vacuum extraction significantly reduces perinatal morbidity/mortality. Increased occurrence of intracranial hemorrhage has been associated with vacuum extraction and is multifactorial; a causative effect is not assumed. Long-term developmental outcome data in this specific subpopulation are lacking and may differ from non-vacuum extraction-associated intracranial hemorrhage. Long-term follow-up of children with symptomatic vacuum extraction-associated intracranial hemorrhage was retrospectively analyzed using Bayley Scales of Infant Development. Twenty-five newborns were identified with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage after vacuum extraction. Motor development was severely impaired in 4 children (16%, Bayley Scale score <55), moderately impaired in 5 children (20%, Bayley Scale score 55-69) and mildly impaired in 2 children (8%, Bayley Scale score 70-84). Mental development was severely impaired in 2 children (8%), moderately impaired in 3 children (12%) and mildly impaired in 5 children (20%). Impaired outcome was associated with parenchymal injury and seems to be a higher reported outcome in non-vacuum extraction-associated intracranial hemorrhage. The high prevalence of impaired development in symptomatic vacuum extraction-associated intracranial hemorrhage necessitates long-term follow-up. PMID:22752477

Schot, Marjolein J C; Halbertsma, Feico J J; Katgert, Titia; Bok, Levinus A

2013-04-01

413

Facial affect recognition in symptomatically remitted patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.  

PubMed

Both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BD) have consistently been associated with deficits in facial affect recognition (FAR). These impairments have been related to various aspects of social competence and functioning and are relatively stable over time. However, individuals in remission may outperform patients experiencing an acute phase of the disorders. The present study directly contrasted FAR in symptomatically remitted patients with schizophrenia or BD and healthy volunteers and investigated its relationship with patients' outcomes. Compared to healthy control subjects, schizophrenia patients were impaired in the recognition of angry, disgusted, sad and happy facial expressions, while BD patients showed deficits only in the recognition of disgusted and happy facial expressions. When directly comparing the two patient groups individuals suffering from BD outperformed those with schizophrenia in the recognition of expressions depicting anger. There was no significant association between affect recognition abilities and symptomatic or psychosocial outcomes in schizophrenia patients. Among BD patients, relatively higher depression scores were associated with impairments in both the identification of happy faces and psychosocial functioning. Overall, our findings indicate that during periods of symptomatic remission the recognition of facial affect may be less impaired in patients with BD than in those suffering from schizophrenia. However, in the psychosocial context BD patients seem to be more sensitive to residual symptomatology. PMID:24361305

Yalcin-Siedentopf, Nursen; Hoertnagl, Christine M; Biedermann, Falko; Baumgartner, Susanne; Deisenhammer, Eberhard A; Hausmann, Armand; Kaufmann, Alexandra; Kemmler, Georg; Mühlbacher, Moritz; Rauch, Anna-Sophia; Fleischhacker, W Wolfgang; Hofer, Alex

2014-02-01

414

Rubber band ligation for 750 cases of symptomatic hemorrhoids out of 2200 cases  

PubMed Central

AIM: To study the results for the treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids using rubber band ligation (RBL) method. METHODS: A retrospective study for 750 patients who came to the colorectal unit from June, 1998 to September, 2006, data was retrieved from archived files. RBL was performed using the Mc Gown applicator on an outpatient basis. The patients were asked to return to out-patient clinic for follow up at 2 wk, 1 mo, 6 mo and through telephone call every 6 mo for 2 years). RESULTS: After RBL, 696 patients (92.8%) were cured with no difference in outcome for second or third degree hemorrhoids (P = 0.31). Symptomatic recurrence was detected in 11.04% after 2 years. A total of 52 patients (6.93%) had 77 complications from RBL which required no hospitalization. Complications were pain, rectal bleeding and vaso-vagal symptoms (4.13%, 4.13% and 1.33% of patients, respectively). At 1 mo there were a significant improvement in mean SF-36 scores over baseline in five items, while after 2 years there were improvement in all items over baseline, but not significant. No significant manometric changes after band ligation. CONCLUSION: RBL is a simple, safe and effective method for treating symptomatic second and third degree hemorrhoids as an out patient procedure with significant improvement in quality of life. RBL doesn’t alter ano-rectal functions. PMID:19030206

Nakeeb, Ayman M El; Fikry, Amir A; Omar, Waleed H; Fouda, Elyamani M; Metwally, Tito A El; Ghazy, Hosam E; Badr, Sabry A; Elkhar, Mohmed Y Abu; Elawady, Salih M; Elmoniam, Hisham H Abd; Khafagy, Waiel W; Morshed, Mosaad M; Lithy, Ramadan E El; Farid, Mohamed E

2008-01-01

415

Chronic Pain and Adherence  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Chronic pain of non-malignant etiology is a significant problem. Chronic non-malignant pain is typically defined as pain that\\u000a persists for 3 months or longer and that is non-life threatening [1, 2]. Among the most common chronic pain conditions are\\u000a chronic back pain, migraine headaches, and tension headaches. Chronic pain is very common. In the United States, 17% of patients\\u000a seen

Rebecca A. Shelby; Francis J. Keefe

416

Identifying the eating disorder symptomatic in China: the role of sociocultural factors and culturally defined appearance concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThis study evaluated the extent to which eating disorder symptomatic Chinese adolescents and young adults could be differentiated from demographically similar peers on the basis of their sociocultural experiences and appearance perceptions.

Todd Jackson; Hong Chen

2007-01-01

417

Ureteroscopy and holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy: an emerging definitive management strategy for symptomatic ureteral calculi in pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To review the results of holmium laser lithotripsy in a cohort of patients who presented with symptomatic urolithiasis in pregnancy. Symptomatic urolithiasis in pregnancy that does not respond to conservative measures has traditionally been managed with ureteral stent insertion or percutaneous nephrostomy. Holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser lithotripsy using state-of-the-art ureteroscopes represents an emerging strategy for definitive stone management in pregnancy.Methods.

James D Watterson; Andrew R Girvan; Darren T Beiko; Linda Nott; Timothy A Wollin; Hassan Razvi; John D Denstedt

2002-01-01

418

Neopterin: a potential marker in chronic peripheral arterial disease.  

PubMed

Neopterin is a marker of macrophage activation that has exhibited high plasma levels in atherosclerotic diseases including coronary heart disease and critical limb ischemia. The role of neopterin in chronic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, neopterin (?) serum concentrations were analyzed in asymptomatic (AsP) and symptomatic (SyP) patients with PAD as well as controls (C). In total 120 subjects, 40 AsP [ankle brachial index (ABI) ?0.90], 40 SyP (ABI ?0.90 plus pain in legs) and 40 controls (ABI >0.9) were enrolled. The results of the present study showed that neopterin plasma levels were statistically different among the groups. These findings demonstrated that activation of N?mediated monocyte?macrophage, was also observed in chronic PAD. PMID:23563241

Signorelli, Salvatore Santo; Anzaldi, Massimiliano; Fiore, Valerio; Candido, Saverio; Di Marco, Roberto; Mangano, Katia; Quattrocchi, Cinzia; Neri, Sergio

2013-06-01

419

Chronic daily headache in a patient with cavum septum pellucidum and cavum verge.  

PubMed

Cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) and cavum Vergae (CV) are unusual variants and usually asymptomatic, but their expansion or inside lesions can produce symptoms by mass effect. A 46-year-old female Taiwanese worker presented with chronic daily headaches for eight years. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed coexistent CSP and CV. She declined surgical drainage recommended by a neurosurgeon and thus visited our clinic for a second opinion. Physical examination did not show any abnormality. With the help of the patient's one-month headache diary, she was diagnosed with chronic migraine according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2(nd) edition, with further modification in 2006. In addition, hypertension was also identified. Over the following week, taking a daily selective ?1-antagonist relieved the headache and hypertension. The medication was continued and the following year was uneventful. Therefore, the chronic daily headache was ascribed to chronic migraine, rather than symptomatic CSP and CV. PMID:23661856

Chen, J-Jy; Chen, D-L

2013-03-01

420

Entrapment neuropathies in chronic stroke patients.  

PubMed

Stroke is the third most common cause of mortality and is one of the most common causes of morbidity in the world. Entrapment neuropathies may cause morbidity after stroke. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the development of entrapment neuropathies in severe stroke patients within the chronic stages of the event. Thirty-two patients with first ever ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke were included in the study. The nerve conduction studies were performed at least 6 months after the event. Ten age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were evaluated as control subjects. Twelve patients (37.5%) had median nerve neuropathy at the wrist, and 12 patients (37.5%) had ulnar nerve neuropathy at the elbow in the symptomatic extremities. Eight patients (25%) had median nerve neuropathy at the wrist, and 6 patients (18.7%) had ulnar nerve neuropathy at the elbow in the asymptomatic extremities. Our results confirm that in chronic stroke patients, the entrapment neuropathies may be an important cause for morbidity, and these entrapment neuropathies could be seen bilaterally but more prominent in the paretic sides. PMID:22353993

Hunkar, Remziye; Balci, Kemal

2012-02-01

421

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation-Electroencephalography Responses in Recovered and Symptomatic Mild Traumatic Brain Injury  

PubMed Central

Abstract Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may cause diffuse damage to the brain, especially to the frontal areas, that may lead to persistent symptoms. We studied participants with past mTBI by means of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) combined with electroencephalography (EEG). Eleven symptomatic and 8 recovered participants with a history of single mTBI and 9 healthy controls participated. Average time from injury to testing was 5 years. The participants did not have abnormalities or signs of injury on brain magnetic resonance imaging, and they did not use any centrally acting medication. Left primary motor cortex (M1) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) were stimulated with nTMS and evoked potentials measured from the corresponding areas of both hemispheres. Delayed ipsilateral P30 and contralateral N45 peak latencies to left DLPFC nTMS were found in the symptomatic group, along with higher DLPFC N100 amplitudes compared with the control or recovered group. The recovered group had shorter P200 latencies in left DLPFC nTMS compared with the other