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1

Ocular Complications of Leprosy in Yemen  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the main ocular- and vision-threatening complications of leprosy in Yemen. Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational study which took place from February to July 2010. Leprosy patients attending the Skin and Venereal Diseases Hospital in the City of Light in Taiz, Yemen, who consented to participate in the study, were enrolled. Detailed demographic and medical histories were taken and clinical examination findings were recorded. A detailed eye examination, including visual acuity (VA), slit-lamp, and fundus examinations, was conducted on each patient by a qualified ophthalmologist. Results: A total of 192 patients (180 male, 12 female, with a male to female ratio of 15:1) were included in the study. The majority of the patients (157; 81.8%) were over 40 years. Over two-thirds of the patients (129; 67.2%) had had leprosy for more than 20 years. Ocular complications were found in 97% of cases; 150 (39.1%) of the patients’ eyes had at least one pathology. Eyelid involvement was the most common problem observed in 102 (26.5%) patients. Half of the eyes (192; 50%) had a VA of <6/60. The main cause of blindness among these patients was corneal opacity detected in 69 out of 192 patients (35.9%). Conclusion: Ocular complications are frequent among leprosy patients in Yemen. They are true vision-threatening lesions. It is important to prevent these lesions through early diagnosis and adequate treatment. PMID:23275842

Salem, Raga A. A.

2012-01-01

2

A Study of Surface Water and Groundwater Pollution in Ibb City, Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was carried out to determine the land use impact on water pollution at three different sites i.e Al- Sahool, Mitm and Al-Sayyadah valleys around Ibb city, Yemen. Besides determining the status of water pollution, this study also aims to recognize the sources of pollution and the results will be used to identify the relationship between the impact of

Esmail Al Sabahi; Abdul Rahim S

3

Assessment of Groundwater and Surface Water Pollution at Mitm Area, Ibb City, Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groundwater and surface water samples were collected from Mitm area to study the possible impact of wastewater treatment percolation into the groundwater and surface water. The objective of the study is to assess the groundwater and surface water pollution due to wastewater treatment at Mitm area of Ibb city, in the Republic of Yemen. The concentrations of various physiochemical parameters

Fares Alshaebi; Fadhl Al Nozail

2009-01-01

4

Conservation and building practice in a world heritage city : the case of Sana'a, Yemen  

E-print Network

The unique architecture of Sana'a, Yemen has been the focus of international conservation efforts, which have stimulated local interest and contributed to the formation of a local discourse. Because conservation followed ...

Lamprakos, Michele Helene

2006-01-01

5

Factors Associated with High Prevalence of Intestinal Protozoan Infections among Patients in Sana'a City, Yemen  

PubMed Central

Background Intestinal protozoan diseases in Yemen are a significant health problem with prevalence ranging from 18% to 27%. The present study is a cross-sectional study aimed at determining the factors associated with the high prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections among patients seeking health care in Sana'a City, the capital of Yemen. Methodology/Principal Findings Stool samples were collected from 503 patients aged between 1 and 80 years old; 219 were males and 284 females. Biodata were collected via pretested standard questionnaire. Faecal samples were processed and examined for (oo)cysts or ova using a wet mount preparation after formal-ether concentration technique. Cryptosporidium oocysts were detected using the Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique. The overall prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections was 30.9%. Infection rates of Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba histolytica/dispar and Cryptosporidium were 17.7%, 17.1% and 1%, respectively. Other parasites detected included Ascaris lumbricoides (2.4%), Schistosoma mansoni (0.3%), Hymenolepis nana (1.4%) and Enterobius vermicularis (0.4%). Multivariate analysis using forward stepwise logistic regression based on intestinal protozoan infections showed that contact with animals (OR?=?1.748, 95% CI?=?1.168–2.617) and taking bath less than twice a week (OR?=?1.820, 95% CI?=?1.192–2.779) were significant risk factors of protozoan infections. Conclusions/Significance This present study indicated that intestinal protozoan infections are still a public health problem in Yemen, with Giardia and Entamoeba infections being most common. Statistical analysis indicated that low personal hygiene and contact with animals were important predictors for intestinal protozoan infections. As highlighted in this study, in order to effectively reduce these infections, a multi-sectoral effort is needed. Preventive measures should include good hygienic practices, good animal husbandry practices, heightened provision of educational health programs, health services in all governorates including rural areas. Furthermore, it is also essential to find radical solutions to the recent water crises in Yemen. PMID:21789210

Alyousefi, Naelah A.; Mahdy, Mohammed A. K.; Mahmud, Rohela; Lim, Yvonne A. L.

2011-01-01

6

[South] Yemen.  

PubMed

Yemen has an area of 112,000 square miles, the terrain is mountainous in the interior, and has a flat and sandy coast. The climate is extremely hot with little rainfall. 2.2 million is the population level with an annual growth rate of 2.6%. The ethnic background is Arab, the religion is Islam and the language is Arabic. 50 years is the average life expectancy and the infant mortality rate is 142/1000. The labor force is 42% agriculture, fisheries, industry and commerce 31%, and services 27%. A republic formed in 1967, the government has a constitution approved in 1978. They have 1 party, the Yemeni Socialist Party with a executive presidium, a supreme people's council and a federal high court. Natural resources include oil and fish, and agricultural products are cotton, hides, skins, and coffee. In 1962 the Federation of South Arabia was formed and a treaty was signed in 1959 for independence by 1968. There was much turmoil from 1967 until 1986 when Haydar Bakr Al-Attus gained power, and there are still strong internal rivalries. The economy has been concentrated in the city of Aden, and with the loss of tourist trade in 1967, and closing of the British base, it has declined by more than 20% by 1968. Attempts are being made to build roads, fisheries, villages, a power plant, and agriculture and irrigation projects. PMID:12178022

1989-12-01

7

Human malaria in the highlands of Yemen  

PubMed Central

Between June 2008 and March 2009, a cross-sectional study of human malaria was carried out in four governorates of Yemen, two (Taiz and Hodiedah) representing the country’s highlands and the others (Dhamar and Raymah) the country’s coastal plains/foothills. The main aims were to determine the prevalences of Plasmodium infection among 455 febrile patients presenting for care at participating health facilities and to investigate the potential risk factors for such infection. Malarial infection was detected in 78 (17·1%) of the investigated patients and was more likely to be detected among the febrile patients from the highlands than among those presenting in the coastal plains/foothills (22·6% v.13·9%; ?2?=?10·102; P?=?0·018). Binary logistic-regression models identified low household income [odds ratio (OR)?=?13·52; 95% confidence interval (CI)?=?2·62–69·67; P?=?0·002], living in a household with access to a water pump (OR?=?4·18; CI?=?1·60–10·96; P?=?0·004) and living in a household near a stream (OR?=?4·43; CI?=?1·35–14·56; P?=?0·014) as significant risk factors for malarial infection in the highlands. Low household income was the only significant risk factor identified for such infection in the coastal plains and foothills (OR?=?8·20; CI?=?1·80–37·45; P?=?0·007). It is unclear why febrile patients in the highlands of Yemen are much more likely to be found to have malarial infection than their counterparts from the coastal plains and foothills. Although it is possible that malarial transmission is relatively intense in the highlands, it seems more likely that, compared with those who live at lower altitudes, those who live in the highlands are less immune to malaria, and therefore more likely to develop febrile illness following malarial infection. Whatever the cause of the symptomatic malarial infection commonly found in the highlands of Yemen, it is a matter of serious concern that should be addressed in the national strategy to control malaria. PMID:21801497

AL-Mekhlafi, A M; AL-Mekhlafi, H M; Mahdy, M A K; Azazy, A A; Fong, M Y

2011-01-01

8

First molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium in Yemen.  

PubMed

Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite of humans and animals and has a worldwide distribution. The parasite has a unique epidemiology in Middle Eastern countries where the IId subtype family of Cryptosporidium parvum dominates. However, there has been no information on Cryptosporidium species in Yemen. Thus, this study was conducted in Yemen to examine the distribution of Cryptosporidium species and subtype families. Fecal samples were collected from 335 patients who attended hospitals in Sana'a city. Cryptosporidium species were determined by PCR and sequence analysis of the 18 s rRNA gene. Cryptosporidium parvum and C. hominis subtypes were identified based on sequence analysis of the 60 kDa glycoprotein (gp60) gene. Out of 335 samples, 33 (9.9%) were positive for Cryptosporidium. Of them, 97% were identified as C. parvum whilst 1 case (3%) was caused by C. hominis. All 7 C. parvum isolates subtyped belonged to the IIaA15G2R1 subtype. The common occurrence of the zoonotic IIa subtype family of C. parvum highlights the potential occurrence of zoonotic transmission of cryptosporidiosis in Yemen. However, this postulation needs confirmation with future molecular epidemiological studies of cryptosporidiosis in both humans and animals in Yemen. PMID:23369243

Alyousefi, N A; Mahdy, M A K; Lim, Y A L; Xiao, L; Mahmud, R

2013-05-01

9

Local groundwater governance in Yemen: building on traditions and enabling communities to craft new rules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Local groundwater management in Yemen and the means by which stakeholders can work together to improve water governance are discussed. In the last few decades the discourse on groundwater management in Yemen has increasingly been cast in terms of crisis, triggered by rapidly declining water tables around cities and in the main agricultural areas. However, in some places in Yemen, communities have responded by implementing local rules that have reduced conflict and provided more reliable and equitable access to water. This trend towards development of local groundwater governance is described, and could make a major contribution in realizing the goals of national water-sector policies and strategies. Twenty-four cases have been identified from different parts of the country and five cases are presented in detail. The article discusses how the process of local management could be nurtured and how it could contribute to rebalancing water use in several parts of Yemen.

Taher, Taha; Bruns, Bryan; Bamaga, Omar; Al-Weshali, Adel; van Steenbergen, Frank

2012-09-01

10

Aphosphorosis in north Yemen cattle  

Microsoft Academic Search

A syndrome of unthriftiness, stiffness, anorexia, recumbency and pica in cattle of the Yemen Arab Republic was investigated for the first time. The condition is virtually confined to cows in the Central and Northern Highlands where they are housed continuously and hand fed fresh lucerne and dried sorghum stalks frequently supplemented with domestic scraps. Affected cows had a low mean

A. G. Hunter; P. J. Heath

1982-01-01

11

The Challenges of Pharmacy Education in Yemen  

PubMed Central

Pharmacy education in Yemen has faced many challenges since its introduction in the 1980s. Most Yemeni pharmacy schools, especially private ones, are experiencing difficulties in providing the right quality and quantity of clinical educational experiences. Most of these challenges are imbedded in a teaching style and curricula that have failed to respond to the needs of the community and country. The slow shift from traditional drug-dispensing to a patient-centered or focused approach in pharmacy practice requires a fundamental change in the roles and responsibilities of both policymakers and educators. The purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) to discuss the challenges facing the pharmacy education in Yemen; (2) to provided recommendations to overcome challenges. PMID:25386011

2014-01-01

12

MEHRI AND HOBYOT SPOKEN IN OMAN AND YEMEN  

E-print Network

MEHRI AND HOBYOT SPOKEN IN OMAN AND YEMEN Marie-Claude SIMEONE-SENELLE (CNRS. France) simeone@vjf.cnrs.fr INTRODUCTION In the South of the Arabian Peninsula in the Sultanate of Oman and in the Republic of the Yemen in the Yemenite islands of Soqora, `Abd-el-Kri and Sama, all others are spoken in Oman. The six MSAL within

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

Science achievement of students in the Republic of Yemen and implications for improvement of science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to establish a research base from which strategies could be developed for improving science education in Yemen. The study measured the achievement in general science of Yemeni students attending primary, preparatory, and secondary schools, and their counterparts attending three- or five-year education programs in primary teacher training institutions. A sample of 1,984 students from six major cities in Yemen was given the Second International Science Study test in May 1988. Achievement scores of these selected groups were compared. The mean achievement in general science was 11.93 for science track students, 9.21 for three-year teacher training institution students, and 8.49 for five-year teacher training institution students. These mean scores were based on a total of 35 items. This low level of achievement was further verified by making comparisons of the achievement of selected groups from Yemeni high schools in six cities with each other. The following factors were measured in this study: location, grade level, gender and type of science program studied. Selected groups from Yemeni high schools were also compared to their peers in other nations. The researcher compared students of the science track and teacher training institutions to their counterparts in 13 nations and students of the literature track to their counterparts in eight nations. Fifth and ninth grade students' scores were compared with the scores of their counterparts in 15 and 17 nations respectively. In every comparison, every Yemeni group ranked at the bottom of the achievement list. (Jacobson W., & Doran, R. 1988) The outcomes of this research indicate the profound need for improving science programs in all grade levels in Yemen. The research recommendations for improvement in science education in Yemen fall into four areas: a change in attitudes toward education, a change in teacher education, a change in classroom conditions, and a change in educational opportunities for women. Because this research study was based on a sizable sample and many hypotheses were tested, this work has contributed appreciable to the base of data available to future researchers. This study also implemented use of the SISS instrument for the first time in Arabic.

Ismail, Nageeb Kassem

14

Refugee, woman and domestic worker: Somali women dealing with dependencies in Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines changing gender relations among Somali couples in Yemen. Since the outbreak of the civil war in Somalia in 1991 hundreds of thousands of Somali refugees have come to Yemen. Most of them intend to move on to other countries on the Arabian Peninsula, or to Europe and North America. The possibilities to leave Yemen are, however, limited.

Marina de Regt

2010-01-01

15

LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen  

SciTech Connect

Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

NONE

1997-02-24

16

Antioxidant Activity of Commonly Consumed Vegetables in Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of late, more attention has been paid to the role of natural antioxidants, especially phenolic compounds, which may act both by reducing the content of toxic compounds in foods and by supplying the human body with exogenous antioxidants. The total phenolic contents and the total antioxidant activities (% AA) of 17 commonly consumed vegetables in Yemen were determined. Total phenolics

Mohammed Ali Al-Mamary

2002-01-01

17

Fog Collection Evaluation in the Sadaa Governorate, Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

In early 2004 a fog collection evaluation project was carried out in the Sadaa Governorate, located in the northern part of the Yemen Arabic Republic. The people that live in the mountainous areas of Sadaa are basically farmers, and they get the water from wells and from rain in the summer season. The best possibility to increase, in a sustainable

Pablo Osses; Robert S. Schemenauer; Matthias Leibbrand

18

Climate Change, Agricultural Production and Food Security: Evidence from Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a model-based assessment of local and global climate change impacts for the case of Yemen, focusing on agricultural production, household incomes and food security. Global climate change is mainly transmitted through rising world food prices. Our simulation results suggest that climate change induced price increases for food will raise agricultural GDP while decreasing real household incomes and

Clemens Breisinger; Olivier Ecker; Perrihan Al-Riffai; Richard Robertson; Rainer Thiele

2011-01-01

19

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2006: Yemen.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Yemen, with a population of approximately 21 million, is a republic under the leadership of President Ali Abdullah Saleh since 1978. The law provides that the president be elected by popular vote from among at least two candidates endorsed by parliament. ...

2007-01-01

20

A Bibliography of Agriculture and Rural Life in Yemen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a key to current work in agriculture in Yemen, this bibliography cites more than 520 resources produced since 1963 including monographs, journal articles, theses and dissertations, conference papers, case studies, reports, proposals, surveys, bibliographies, and United Nations publications. Foreign language materials in German, French,…

Swanjord, Don Edward

21

Water scarcity and climate change adaptation for Yemen's vulnerable communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Yemen faces formidable freshwater management challenges. Devising policies for sustainable use and allocation of limited water resources is made difficult by substantial population growth, degrading environmental quality and uncertainty regarding possible changes in water availability due to climate change. We use the Water Resources Evaluation and Planning software to evaluate water needs and scarcity for three case study areas in

Mansour Haidera; Saif Ali Alhakimi; Abdulla Noaman; Alkhatib Al Kebsi; Anwar Noaman; Amanda Fencl; Bill Dougherty; Chris Swartz

2011-01-01

22

77 FR 29533 - Blocking Property of Persons Threatening the Peace, Security, or Stability of Yemen  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Yemen and those in opposition to it, which provides for a peaceful transition of power that meets the legitimate demands and aspirations of the Yemeni people for change, and by obstructing the political process in Yemen. I further find that these actions...

2012-05-18

23

78 FR 28465 - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Yemen  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Yemen and those in opposition to it, which provided for a peaceful transition of power that meets the legitimate demands and aspirations of the Yemeni people for change, and by obstructing the political process in Yemen. The actions and policies of...

2013-05-15

24

Intestinal parasitosis among Yemeni patients with cancer, Sana'a, Yemen.  

PubMed

The profile of intestinal parasitosis was assessed among patients on anticancer chemotherapy in Sana'a city, Yemen during the period from April to December 2011. A total of 206 patients (115 males & 91 females), aged 3 to 18 years with mean of 14.17 +/- 3.13 were subjected to stool examinations by different techniques. The overall rate of intestinal parasites was 63.1%. Cryptosporidium parvum was the highest (30.1%) followed by G. lamblia (18.0%) and then C. cayetanensis (5.3%). Blastocystis hominis and E. histolytica/dispar were detected in 4.9% & 2.4% respectively. E. coli, H. nana and A. lumbricoides were diagnosed in an equal of 1.5% and S. stercoralis was seen in one case only. The majority of infected patients suffered from diarrhea. They showed 4.64 risk of protozoan infections compared to those who passed formed stool with statistically significant difference. Diarrhea was associated with higher risk of cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis (OR = 2.73 & 2.67 respectively). The risk of intestinal parasitosis neither differed significantly with patients' age nor sex. PMID:23469646

Al-Qobati, Salah A; Al-Maktari, Mohamed T; Al-Zoa, Abdulla M Bin; Derhim, Mohamed

2012-12-01

25

Outbreak of viral hemorrhagic fever caused by dengue virus type 3 in Al-Mukalla, Yemen  

PubMed Central

Background Investigations were conducted by the authors to explore an outbreak of viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) reported in 2010 from Al-Mukalla city, the capital of Hadramout in Yemen. Methods From 15–17 June 2010, the outbreak investigation period, specimens were obtained within 7?days after onset of illness of 18 acutely ill patients hospitalized with VHF and 15 household asymptomatic contacts of 6 acute cases. Additionally, 189 stored sera taken from acutely ill patients with suspected VHF hospitalized in the preceding 12?months were obtained from the Ministry of Health of Yemen. Thus, a total of 222 human specimens were collected; 207 specimens from acute cases and 15 specimens from contacts. All samples were tested with RT-PCR for dengue (DENV), Alkhumra (ALKV), Rift Valley Fever (RVFV), Yellow Fever (YFV), and Chikungunya (CHIKV) viruses. Samples were also tested for DENV IgM, IgG, and NS1-antigen. Medical records of patients were reviewed and demographic, clinical, and laboratory data was collected. Results Of 207 patients tested, 181 (87.4%) patients were confirmed to have acute dengue with positive dengue NS1-antigen (97 patients, 46.9%) and/or IgM (163 patients, 78.7%). Of the 181 patients with confirmed dengue, 100 (55.2%) patients were IgG-positive. DENV RNA was detected in 2 (1%) patients with acute symptoms; both samples were molecularly typed as DENV type 3. No other VHF viruses were detected. For the 15 contacts tested, RT-PCR tests for the five viruses were negative, one contact was dengue IgM positive, and another one was dengue IgG positive. Of the 181 confirmed dengue patients, 120 (66.3%) patients were males and the median age was 24?years. The most common manifestations included fever (100%), headache (94.5%), backache (93.4%), malaise (88.4%), arthralgia (85.1%), myalgia (82.3%), bone pain (77.9%), and leukopenia (76.2%). Two (1.1%) patients died. Conclusions DENV-3 was confirmed to be the cause of an outbreak of VHF in Al-Mukalla. It is important to use both IgM and NS1-antigen tests to confirm acute dengue particularly under the adverse field conditions, where proper storage and transportation of specimens are missing, which substantially reduce the sensitivity of the RT-PCR for detecting DENV RNA. PMID:23497142

2013-01-01

26

Developing affordable housing design for low income in Sana'a, Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Housing costs are very high in Yemen compared with Middle East countries, which caused a shortage of housing supply especially for low-income groups. This paper aims to develop affordable housing design for people with low income and to examine their ability to afford houses in Sana'a, Yemen. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two different questionnaires were used to achieve the study

Wael Alaghbari; Azizah Salim; Kamariah Dola; Abang Abdullah Abang Ali

2011-01-01

27

Phylogeny of Dengue and Chikungunya viruses in Al Hudayda governorate, Yemen.  

PubMed

Yemen, which is located in the southwestern end of the Arabian Peninsula, is one of countries most affected by recurrent epidemics caused by emerging vector-borne viruses. Dengue virus (DENV) outbreaks have been reported with increasing frequency in several governorates since the year 2000, and the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has been also responsible of large outbreaks and it is now a major public health problem in Yemen. We report the results of the phylogenetic analysis of DENV-2 and CHIKV isolates (NS1 and E1 genes, respectively) detected in an outbreak occurred in Al-Hudayda in 2012. Estimates of the introduction date of CHIKV and DENV-2, and the phylogeographic analysis of DENV-2 are also presented. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the Yemen isolates of DENV belonged to the lineage 2 Cosmopolitan subtype, whereas CHIKV isolates from Yemen belonged to the ECSA genotype. All the CHIKV isolates from Yemen were statistically supported and dated back to the year 2010 (95% HPD: 2009-2011); these sequences showed an alanine in the aminoacid position 226 of the E1 protein. Phylogeographic analysis of DENV-2 virus showed that cluster 1, which included Yemen isolates, dated back to 2003 Burkina Faso strains (95% HPD 1999-2007). The Yemen, cluster dated back to 2011 (95% HPD 2009-2012). Our study sheds light on the global spatiotemporal dynamics of DENV-2 and CHIKV in Yemen. This study reinforces both the need to monitor the spread of CHIKV and DENV, and to apply significant measures for vector control. PMID:25183027

Ciccozzi, Massimo; Lo Presti, Alessandra; Cella, Eleonora; Giovanetti, Marta; Lai, Alessia; El-Sawaf, Gamal; Faggioni, Giovanni; Vescio, Fenicia; Al Ameri, Ranya; De Santis, Riccardo; Helaly, Ghada; Pomponi, Alice; Metwally, Dalia; Fantini, Massimo; Qadi, Hussein; Zehender, Gianguglielmo; Lista, Florigio; Rezza, Giovanni

2014-10-01

28

Caravan Kingdoms: Yemen and the Ancient Incense Trade  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the general assistance of a host of corporations, the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery at the Smithsonian Institution have created a probing exhibit that explores the artistic heritage of Yemen through items found in the ancient kingdoms of Qataban, Saba, and Himyar in the southern Arabian peninsula. The objects included in the exhibit include stone funerary sculpture, architectural fragments, and other such items of material culture. The accompanying online exhibit offered here is quite well-organized, as visitors are presented with six major themes that outline the history of these empires, complete with an interactive timeline that puts various cultural, historical, and trade developments into a broader context. Additionally, visitors can also learn about the in situ exhibit and read trenchant reviews from a number of sources, such as The Washington Times.

29

Oral lesions and dental status among institutionalized orphans in Yemen: A matched case-control study  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) and dental caries and to evaluate oral health practices among institutionalized orphan-children in Sana’a city, Yemen. Subjects and Methods: A sample of 202 institutionalized male-orphan-children in the main orphanage in Sana’a city, were matched to 202 non-orphan schoolchildren. Clinical examination included assessment of OMLs based on standard international diagnostic criteria and evaluation of dental status using the Decayed/decayed, Missed/missed and Filled/filled (DMFT/dmft) index according to World Health Organization recommendations. Demographic data and oral hygiene practices were obtained by interviewing each subject using special questionnaire form. Results: Majority of children were in the 12-15 year age group. Nine types of lesions were reported among orphans; the most common lesions were fissured tongue (24.3%), herpes labialis (7.9%) and traumatic ulcers (2.5%). The occurrence of herpes labialis was found to be significantly higher in orphans than in controls (P < 0.01). The prevalence of dental caries was insignificantly lower among the orphans (84.7%) compared with the non-orphans (89.61%; P = 0.136). The mean dmft score was significantly lower in orphans than in controls (2.28 vs. 3.82; P = 0.001). Conclusions: The institutionalized children in this orphanage had a high prevalence of OMLs but low prevalence of dental caries, though they revealed poor oral hygiene practices. Effective oral health promotion strategies need to be implemented to improve the oral health and oral health practices of children living in orphanages. PMID:24808701

Al-Maweri, Sadeq Ali; Al-Soneidar, Walid A; Halboub, Esam S

2014-01-01

30

Prevalence of oral cancer and potentially malignant lesions among shammah users in Yemen.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of oral precancerous lesions and squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in Yemeni users of shammah, a traditional smokeless tobacco habit known in the Arabian Peninsula. The study group comprised 199 male and one female shammah users who were interviewed via a standardised questionnaire and clinically examined in 48 Yemeni villages and cities. Cases with oral leukoplakia (OL) or mucosal burns (MB) were compared with users without any lesion. MB were detected in 31%, of which 46.8% were located on the tongue or floor of the mouth, and OL in 27%, of which 59.2% were located in the same region. In addition, two cases (1%) of apparent OSCC were identified. Statistically significant increased OR (95% CI) of OL were (a) 6.91 (2.66-17.95) for an average duration of the respective shammah application >5min.; (b) 4.90 (1.99-12.08) for a daily frequency of those applications >10; and (c) 4.22 (1.43-12.43) for a daily duration >6h of chewing qat, also a traditional habit in Yemen. Likewise, decreased OR were (a) 0.39 (0.18-0.85) for rinsing the mouth after the shammah application; (b) 0.36 (0.17-0.78) for successful attempts to stop the use in the past; and (c) 0.26 (0.09-0.72) for existing knowledge about the carcinogenicity of shammah that was present in only 19% overall. In conclusion, evidence was shown for a significant association between the prevalence of OL and the daily duration of shammah application in a dose-dependent manner. An appropriate public health program might help to reduce this potential OSCC burden in shammah users. PMID:16759897

Scheifele, C; Nassar, A; Reichart, P A

2007-01-01

31

Conflict in Yemen: From Ethnic Fighting to Food Riots  

E-print Network

Yemen is considered a global terrorist base for Al-Qaeda and in recent years rampant violence is threatening social order. Here we show that the socio-economic origins of violence recently changed. Prior to 2008, violence can be attributed to inter-group conflict between ethnically and religiously distinct groups. Starting in 2008, increasing global food prices triggered a new wave of violence that spread to the endemically poor southern region with demands for government change and economic concessions. This violence shares its origins with many other food riots and the more recent Arab Spring. The loss of social order and the opportunities for terror organizations can be best addressed by directly eliminating the causes of violence. Inter-group violence can be addressed by delineating within-country provinces for local autonomy of ethnic and religious groups. The impact of food prices can be alleviated by direct food price interventions, or by addressing the root causes of global food price increases in US ...

Gros, Andreas; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2012-01-01

32

A brief investigation of the surface-water hydrology of Yemen Arab Republic  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Yemen, near the southwest tip of the Arabian Peninsula, is a mountainous country bordered by a desert on the east and a coastal plain on the west. Rainfall is low and seasonal; consequently, most streams (wadis) are ephemeral. The natural flow regimens of many of the smaller wadis are modified by terracing for agriculture. The only streamflow data available in Yemen are short records on four large wadis. A brief field investigation and application of reconnaissance techniques are the bases for the largely qualitative description of the hydrology, and for the proposal to collect streamflow data needed for orderly development of the expanding economy. (Woodard-USGS)

Riggs, Henry Chiles

1977-01-01

33

Antioxidant activity of commonly consumed vegetables in yemen.  

PubMed

Of late, more attention has been paid to the role of natural antioxidants, especially phenolic compounds, which may act both by reducing the content of toxic compounds in foods and by supplying the human body with exogenous antioxidants. The total phenolic contents and the total antioxidant activities (% AA) of 17 commonly consumed vegetables in Yemen were determined. Total phenolics was measured colorimetrically using the Folin-Ciocalteu reagent with D-catechin as the standard. The antioxidant activity (%AA) of vegetables using their juices at different levels (50?l, 100?l, 200?l) was assayed in vitro by the inhibition of liver homogenate oxidation mediated by FeSO4 / ascorbate system. The % AA was measured by the TBAR method. The results showed that for all vegetable juices, increased antioxidant activity or decreased prooxidant activity increased with volume of juice. With the addition of 50?l from each sample, most vegetable juices showed antioxidant activity and it appears that coriander had exceptionally high antioxidant activity (60%). However, garlic, yellow onion, parsley, red onion and Cissus rotundifolia showed considerably high antioxidant activities (54-41 %). Other vegetables with low antioxidant activities (27 to 3 %) showed an order of increase in %AA as follows: tomato > spinach > horseradish-leaves > carrot > cabbage > chilli > leek > horseradish-roots. At the same, time some vegetable juices such as that of green pepper, cucumber and lettuce showed initial prooxidant activities (-11 to -40 %). The complete inhibition of oxidation was noticed when the highest level of juices (200?l) was used in the cases of coriander, onions, garlic and parsley. The correlation between total phenolics and the antioxidant activities of vegetables with different levels of juices (50?l, 100?l and 200?l) showed positive but not significant correlations (R = 0.41 - 0.55). Some vegetables such as carrots and tomatoes show the highest relative antioxidant efficiencies despite the small content of total phenolics compared to other vegetables tested in this study. PMID:22692476

Al-Mamary, Mohammed Ali

2002-09-01

34

Optimum operating conditions of a solar cell panel and prediction of solar radiation in Sanaa, Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of a study of the performance of solar cells under nominal operating conditions in Yemen are reported. The solar cell panel comprised 14 Si cells of .003 sq m surface area each, and was mounted on a rooftop with the solar radiation being measured by a pyranometer. Further monitoring was performed of the panel surface temperature, the ambient air

A. Khogali; M. R. I. Ramadan

1982-01-01

35

Teacher Incentive Systems, Final Report. Policy Research Initiative: Haiti, Liberia, Somalia, Yemen Arab Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a study that examined the implementation of a teacher incentives initiative in four countries--Haiti, Liberia, Somalia, and Yemen--are presented in this paper. The countries are participating in a 10-year initiative founded in 1984, Improving the Efficiency of Educational Systems (IEES). Methodology involved interviews with…

Kemmerer, Frances; Thiagarajan, Sivasailam

36

Coordinating Covert Action: The Case of the Yemen Civil War and the South Arabian Insurgency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focusing on British involvement in the 1960s Yemen Civil War, this article examines the centralised mechanisms developed in Whitehall to coordinate covert action interdepartmentally. It therefore sheds new light on London's security and intelligence machine and its input into clandestine operations. Drawing on recently declassified documents and interviews, it uncovers various important but secretive actors, which have been overlooked or

Rory Cormac

2012-01-01

37

Distribution of Public Education Spending for the Poor: The Case of Yemen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the issue of how a country for which the prioritization of public spending towards poverty reduction is a key policy concern can monitor the distributional effects of public spending. Employing standard benefit-incidence analysis, this paper empirically examines how public education spending is currently distributed in Yemen.…

Yuki, Takako

2003-01-01

38

Capripox in the Yemen Arab Republic and the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capripox was shown to be endemic in all the provinces of the Yemen Arab Republic and the Sultanate of Oman. Investigations into outbreaks of capripox indicated that some strains of capripoxvirus were infecting both sheep and goats and this was confirmed by inoculating experimental sheep and goats with isolates derived from field cases. The husbandry methods prevalent in the Middle

R. P. Kitching; J. J. McGrane; W. P. Taylor

1986-01-01

39

The burden of pursuing treatment abroad: Three stories of medical travelers from Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study features stories of patients from Yemen, a low-income country in the Arabian Peninsula, who traveled abroad for medical care. Their stories, drawn from interviews with Yemeni medical travelers in India, highlight the economic and emotional burden of pursuing treatment abroad. These stories of chronic non-communicable diseases and serious injuries depart from the common portrayal of medical tourists

Beth Kangas

2010-01-01

40

Food as the basis for development and security: A strategy for Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Yemen has been facing severe development challenges in recent years, but rapidly depleting oil and water resources combined with large population increases and a lack of job-creating growth are making a difficult situation even more complicated. In order to provide opportunities for Yemenis to escape the current situation of widespread poverty and food insecurity, the Government of the Republic of

Clemens Breisinger; Olivier Ecker; Jose Funes; Bingxin Yu

2010-01-01

41

Qat use in North Yemen and the problem of addiction: A study in medical anthropology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Travelers to North Yemen nearly invariably report that Yemeni people are universally addicted to the drug qat and that the problems of the country are related to this. On the other hand, the majority of Yemenis claim that qat is not only harmless, but that it has many virtues. After describing the chemistry of the drug and the customs of

John G. Kennedy; James Teague; Lynn Fairbanks

1980-01-01

42

Promoting Gender Parity in Basic Education: Lessons from a Technical Cooperation Project in Yemen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many girls are not sent to school in Yemen, despite basic education being free as well as compulsory for all children aged 6-15. Aiming to improve girls' enrollment by increasing parental and community involvement, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) offered a technical cooperation project in June 2005 called Broadening Regional…

Yuki, Takako; Mizuno, Keiko; Ogawa, Keiichi; Mihoko, Sakai

2013-01-01

43

Proposed low-cost premarital screening program for prevention of sickle cell and thalassemia in Yemen  

PubMed Central

In Yemen, the prevalence of sickle cell trait and ?-thalassemia trait are high. The aim of this premarital program is to identify sickle cell and thalassemia carrier couples in Yemen before completing marriages proposal, in order to prevent affected birth. This can be achieved by applying a low-cost premarital screening program using simple blood tests compatible with the limited health resources of the country. If microcytosis or positive sickle cell is found in both or one partner has microcytosis and the other has positive sickle cell, so their children at high risk of having sickle cell or/and thalassemia diseases. Carrier couples will be referred to genetic counseling. The outcomes of this preventive program are predicted to decrease the incidence of affected birth and reduce the health burden of these disorders. The success of this program also requires governmental, educational and religious supports. PMID:25003062

Al-Nood, Hafiz; Al-Hadi, Abdulrahman

2013-01-01

44

Palynological study of the genera Ruellia, Ecbolium, Asystasia, Blepharis and Dicliptera (Acanthaceae) of Yemen  

SciTech Connect

Pollen morphology of five genera of the family Acanthaceae, namely Ruellia, Blepharis, Asystasia, Ecbolium and Dicliptera (Acanthaceae) of Yemen has been examined using light and scanning electron microscope. Pollen descriptions were provided with two shapes distinguished, spheroidal and prolate. Most of the pollen grains were tricolporate amd psuedocolpi except those of Blepharis which are colpate. The surface is coarsely reticulate, in addition to the lumina that varies in size.

Al-Hakimi, S. Anisa [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia and Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Taiz University, Taiz (Yemen); Maideen, Haja; Latiff, A. [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

2013-11-27

45

Palynological study of the genera Ruellia, Ecbolium, Asystasia, Blepharis and Dicliptera (Acanthaceae) of Yemen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pollen morphology of five genera of the family Acanthaceae, namely Ruellia, Blepharis, Asystasia, Ecbolium and Dicliptera (Acanthaceae) of Yemen has been examined using light and scanning electron microscope. Pollen descriptions were provided with two shapes distinguished, spheroidal and prolate. Most of the pollen grains were tricolporate amd psuedocolpi except those of Blepharis which are colpate. The surface is coarsely reticulate, in addition to the lumina that varies in size.

Al-Hakimi, S. Anisa; Maideen, Haja; Latiff, A.

2013-11-01

46

Precambrian basement character of Yemen and correlations with Saudi Arabia and Somalia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Precambrian basement of Yemen occupies a key location in the Pan-African orogen of Gondwana. This paper reviews geological, isotopic and geochronological data and presents new Pb- and Nd-isotope data which help define distinct gneiss terranes within this basement, constraining correlations of these terranes with neighbouring regions of Saudi Arabia and Somalia. Existing whole-rock Pb- and Nd-isotopic data are also

Martin J Whitehouse; Brian F Windley; Douglas B Stoeser; Salah Al-Khirbash; Mahfood A. O Ba-Bttat; Abdullah Haider

2001-01-01

47

Holocene ITCZ and Indian monsoon dynamics recorded in stalagmites from Oman and Yemen (Socotra)  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-resolution oxygen isotope (?18O) profiles of Holocene stalagmites from four caves in Northern and Southern Oman and Yemen (Socotra) provide detailed information on fluctuations in precipitation along a latitudinal transect from 12°N to 23°N. ?18O values reflect the amount of precipitation which is primarily controlled by the mean latitudinal position of the ITCZ and dynamics of the Indian summer monsoon

Dominik Fleitmann; Stephen J. Burns; Augusto Mangini; Manfred Mudelsee; Jan Kramers; Igor Villa; Ulrich Neff; Abdulkarim A. Al-Subbary; Annett Buettner; Dorothea Hippler; Albert Matter

2007-01-01

48

Reproductive strategies, karyology, parasites, and taxonomic status of Dugesia populations from Yemen (Platyhelminthes: Tricladida: Dugesiidae).  

PubMed

We present new data on the distribution, reproductive strategies, karyology, and taxonomic status of populations of freshwater planarians from Yemen. Nine populations were sampled and significant differences in their reproductive strategies and karyology are reported. The present study presents the first fully documented record of a naturally sexual, diploid (2n = 18) population of a Dugesia species in the eastern part of the Afrotropical region. Morphological characters combined with karyological data suggest that these Dugesia populations from Yemen represent a new species, which is herein described as Dugesia arabica Harrath and Sluys, sp. nov. This new species is mainly distinguishable from other Dugesia species that are distributed exclusively in the Mediterranean basin and in the eastern part of the Afrotropical region by the presence of the following features: well-developed and cone-shaped penis papilla, housing an ejaculatory duct that runs ventrally and has a subterminal and ventral opening; a considerably expanded and folded section of the bursal canal at the level of the oviducal openings; absence of a layer of longitudinal muscles on the copulatory bursa and the bursal canal. Specimens from two populations from Yemen were infested with a gregarine Protozoon. PMID:23721474

Harrath, Abdul Halim; Sluys, Ronald; Aldahmash, Waleed; Al-Razaki, Abdulkarim; Alwasel, Saleh

2013-06-01

49

Data from geologic investigations in the Yemen Arab Republic during 1976  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The results of semiquantitative spectrographic analyses for 31 elements in 126 specimens of rocks from the Yemen Arab Republic, collected mainly during February 1976 from the Precambrian area in the southeastern part of the country, provide background data for use in geochemical evaluation of areas potentially favorable for mineral deposits. Gold and thorium were undetected; the lower limits of determination are 10 parts per million (ppm) and 20 ppm, respectively. For the other elements, the abundances follow geochemical norms for crustal distribution: (1) Fe, Nb, and Zr in Holocene weathering products; (2) Ca and Sr in Pliocene limestone; (3) Mo in Pliocene(?) or Miocene(?) dikes; (4) Be, La, and Sn in Miocene(?) alkalic granite; (5) As, Be, and La in Tertiary and/or Cretaceous felsic tuff; (6) V in Tertiary and/or Cretaceous carbonaceous sedimentary rocks interbedded with volcanic rocks; (7) Be, La, Sn, and Zr in Tertiary and/or Cretaceous undivided volcanics; (8) Sn and W in Precambrian felsite and pegmatite; (9) Co, Cr, Ni, and Ti in Precambrian mafic rocks; (10) Mg and Sr in Precambrian marble and calcsilicate rocks; (11) Y in Precambrilan schist; (12) B and Sc dispersed in rocks of many ages; and (13) Ag, Ba, Bi, Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb, Sb, Sn, and Zn in a hydrothermal replacement deposit in Precambrian sediment. None of the rocks contained as much as 205 ppm equivalent uranium. The highest values for Ag, Cu, Pb, Zn, and Cd were obtained on a sample of hydrothermally altered siltstone not personally collected by the writers. It was said to have come from the Ma'rib area in the eastern part of the Yemen Arab Republic. The source must be studied, because this single sample is high-grade base-metal ore. Among the samples collected by the writers, the economically most significant are altered tuffs, ignimbrites, and felsites exposed between Jibal Hufash and Manakhah on the road from Hudaydah to San'a'. They are strongly anomalous for As and weakly anomalous, variously, for Hg, Mo, and Pb, which elements may constitute an epigenetic dispersion pattern from hidden sulfide deposits. Inasmuch as chalcopyrite and native copper have been reported in the vicinity of Jabal Haraz in the Manakhah area, the rocks of the Yemen Volcanics in this region should be explored for base-metal sulfide deposits. The first results of paleontologic examinations of fossils collected during 1975 and 1976 are presented, as are a list of Landsat images covering the Yemen Arab Republic, and a selected bibliography of reports on geology and the allied sciences relating to the Yemen Arab Republic.

Grolier, Maurice J.; Domenico, J. A.; Donato, Mary; Tibbitts, G. C., Jr.; Overstreet, W. C.; Ibrahim, Mohammad Mukred.

1977-01-01

50

Molecular markers of anti-malarial drug resistance in Lahj Governorate, Yemen: baseline data and implications  

PubMed Central

Background This is an investigation of anti-malarial molecular markers coupled with a therapeutic efficacy test of chloroquine (CQ) against falciparum malaria in an area of unstable malaria in Lahj Governorate, Yemen. The study was aimed at assessment of therapeutic response to CQ and elucidation of baseline information on molecular markers for Plasmodium falciparum resistance against CQ and sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP). Methods Between 2002 and 2003 the field test was conducted according to the standard WHO protocol to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of CQ in 124 patients with falciparum malaria in an endemic area in Lahj Governorate in Yemen. Blood samples collected during this study were analysed for P. falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter gene (pfcrt)-76 polymorphisms, mutation pfcrt-S163R and the antifolate resistance-associated mutations dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr)-C59R and dihydropteroate synthase (dhps)-K540E. Direct DNA sequencing of the pfcrt gene from three representative field samples was carried out after DNA amplification of the 13 exons of the pfcrt gene. Results Treatment failure was detected in 61% of the 122 cases that completed the 14-day follow-up. The prevalence of mutant pfcrt T76 was 98% in 112 amplified pre-treatment samples. The presence of pfcrt T76 was poorly predictive of in vivo CQ resistance (PPV = 61.8%, 95% CI = 52.7-70.9). The prevalence of dhfr Arg-59 mutation in 99 amplified samples was 5%, while the dhps Glu-540 was not detected in any of 119 amplified samples. Sequencing the pfcrt gene confirmed that Yemeni CQ resistant P. falciparum carry the old world (Asian and African) CQ resistant haplotype CVIETSESI at positions 72,73,74,75,76,220,271, 326 and 371. Conclusion This is the first study to report baseline information on the characteristics and implications of anti-malarial drug resistance markers in Yemen. It is also the first report of the haplotype associated with CQR P. falciparum parasites from Yemen. Mutant pfcrtT76 is highly prevalent but it is a poor predictor of treatment failure in the study population. The prevalence of mutation dhfrArg59 is suggestive of emerging resistance to SP, which is currently a component of the recommended combination treatment of falciparum malaria in Yemen. More studies on these markers are recommended for surveillance of resistance in the study area. PMID:21854642

2011-01-01

51

Subsidence history, crustal structure, and evolution of the Somaliland-Yemen conjugate margin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have used biostratigraphic data from deep exploration wells to determine the tectonic subsidence history of the Somaliland (northwestern Somalia)-Yemen conjugate margin, a poorly known margin in the central part of the Gulf of Aden. Bathymetry and magnetic anomaly data suggest the Gulf of Aden is a young feature that formed following the rifting apart and breakup of the African and Arabian plates ~32 Ma. Our tectonic subsidence data suggest, however, that the present-day Gulf of Aden developed on an earlier Mesozoic rift system. The oldest episode of rifting initiated at ~156 Ma and lasted for ~10 Ma and had a NW-SE trend. We interpret the rift as a late stage event associated with the breakup of Gondwana and the separation of Africa and Madagascar. At ~80 Ma, there is evidence of an intermediate rift event which correlates with a rapid increase in spreading rate on the ridges separating the African and Indian and African and Antarctica plates and a contemporaneous slowing down of Africa's plate motion. The combined effect of all three rifting events has been to thin the crust and upper mantle by up to a factor of 2. The amount of thinning deduced from the wells is in accord with the crustal structure inferred from available seismic refraction data and process-oriented gravity and flexure modeling. The margin is asymmetric with a steeper gradient in the Moho on the Yemen side than the Somaliland side. The main discrepancy is on the Yemen side where the gravity-derived Moho is 10 km deeper than the well-derived Moho. We attribute the discrepancy to the addition of material at the base of the crust since rifting, possibly magma sourced from the Afar plume.

Ali, M. Y.; Watts, A. B.

2013-04-01

52

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Schistosomiasis among Children in Yemen: Implications for an Effective Control Programme  

PubMed Central

Background Schistosomiasis, one of the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases, is a life-threatening public health problem in Yemen especially in rural communities. This cross-sectional study aims to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of schistosomiasis among children in rural Yemen. Methods/Findings Urine and faecal samples were collected from 400 children. Urine samples were examined using filtration technique for the presence of Schistosoma haematobium eggs while faecal samples were examined using formalin-ether concentration and Kato Katz techniques for the presence of S. mansoni. Demographic, socioeconomic and environmental information were collected via a validated questionnaire. Overall, 31.8% of the participants were found to be positive for schistosomiasis; 23.8% were infected with S. haematobium and 9.3% were infected with S. mansoni. Moreover, 39.5% of the participants were anaemic whereas 9.5% had hepatosplenomegaly. The prevalence of schistosomiasis was significantly higher among children aged >10 years compared to those aged ?10 years (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis confirmed that presence of other infected family member (P<0.001), low household monthly income (P?=?0.003), using unsafe sources for drinking water (P?=?0.003), living nearby stream/spring (P?=?0.006) and living nearby pool/pond (P?=?0.002) were the key factors significantly associated with schistosomiasis among these children. Conclusions/Significance This study reveals that schistosomiasis is still highly prevalent in Yemen. These findings support an urgent need to start an integrated, targeted and effective schistosomiasis control programme with a mission to move towards the elimination phase. Besides periodic drug distribution, health education and community mobilisation, provision of clean and safe drinking water, introduction of proper sanitation are imperative among these communities in order to curtail the transmission and morbidity caused by schistosomiasis. Screening and treating other infected family members should also be adopted by the public health authorities in combating this infection in these communities. PMID:23991235

Sady, Hany; Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M.; Mahdy, Mohammed A. K.; Lim, Yvonne A. L.; Mahmud, Rohela; Surin, Johari

2013-01-01

53

A qualitative appraisal of the hydrology of the Yemen Arab Republic from Landsat images  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Six series of Landsat-1 and Landsat-2 images taken between 1972 and 1976 were analyzed to describe the flow regimens of streams and the regional distribution of vegetation in the Yemen Arab Republic. The findings provide a factual basis for planning a surface-water data collection program, and for preparing maps of plant distribution and agricultural land use. They lay the foundation for modernized water development, for effecting a program of country-wide water management. The work was undertaken as part of the program of the U.S. Agency for International Development with the cooperation of the Yemen Mineral and Petroleum Authority, Ministry of Economy. A false-color composite mosaic of the nine images which cover the country was prepared using Landsat 1 images taken at relatively low sun-angle in winter 1972-73. Catchment areas and the major drainage basins of the country were delineated on this mosaic. In order of increasing water availability, the four catchment areas of the YAR are: Ar Rub al Khali, Wadi Jawf (Arabian Sea), Red Sea, and Gulf of Aden. Most streams are ephemeral. No lakes were detected during the period under investigation, but sebkhas--salt flats or low salt-encrusted plains--are common along the Red Sea coast. In spite of resolution and scale constraints, streamflow was interpreted as perennial or intermittent, wherever it could be detected on several Landsat images covering the same scene at seasonal or yearly intervals. Much of the land under cultivation is restricted to valley floors, and to valley slopes and irrigated terraces adjacent to stream channels. Little or no vegetation could be detected over large regions of the Yemen Arab Republic. (USGS)

Grolier, Maurice J.; Tibbitts, G. Chase; Ibrahim, M.M.

1981-01-01

54

Paleocene-Early Eocene larger foraminiferal biostratigraphy of Yemen and Oman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Paleogene larger foraminiferal biostratigraphy is today rather well assessed for the Tethyan domain. In order to contribute to the full integration of the Middle-East in the widely employed Shallow Benthic Zonation, a preliminary report on the Paleocene-Early Eocene larger foraminiferal assemblages from Yemen and Oman is provided here. The sections investigated in Yemen range in age from the Upper Cretaceous to the Oligocene. The Paleogene of Yemen is widely affected by dolomitization and only by analyzing over 1,700 thin sections from 60 stratigraphic sections (mainly from Hadramaut and Socotra) it has been possible to adequately investigate the fossil assemblages. In contrast, the deposits from northern Oman are characterized by rich and extraordinarily well-preserved Paleocene-Lower Eocene larger foraminiferal assemblages. This preliminary report focuses mainly on the Paleocene-Early Eocene deposits of the Umm-er-Radhuma formation. The Paleocene-Lower Eocene assemblages are characterized by strong affinities with northern Somalia. Hyaline forms such as Daviesina khatiyahi, Miscellanea gr. rhomboidea/dukhani, M. miscella, Saudia, Sakesaria, Lockhartia, Ranikothalia, Dictyokathina largely prevail in SBZ 3-4 deposits. Nummulites, Ranikothalia and Daviesina ruida characterize the Lower Ypresian. Subordinately, porcelaneous forms such as "Taberina" daviesi and conical agglutinated (Daviesiconus) also occur; alveolinids (such as Alveolina vredenburgi and A. decipiens) are relatively abundant in the basal Lower Ypresian of Socotra. In contrast to the coeval deposits from Yemen, the Paleocene section of Oman (Wadi Duqm, Abat-Tiwi platform) yields very well-preserved larger foraminiferal assemblages and agglutinated and porcelaneous forms are well represented. The occurrence of abundant Globoreticulina paleocenica is noteworthy along with an as yet undescribed Lacazinella species. The co-occurrence of Coskinon sp., "Plumokathina dienii", Dictyoconus turriculus and Miscellanites globularis seems to indicate SBZ 2. Upsection, SBZ 3-?4 assemblages with Fallotella kochanskae persica, D. turriculus, "Taberina" daviesi, Keramosphaera sp., Miscellanea yvettae, Lockhartia haimei, L. conditi, L. altispira, Daviesina khatiyahi, D. danieli, D. langhami, Kathina selveri, K. delseota, ?Storrsella , Dictyokathina simplex, Sakesaria cf. cotteri andS. cf. dukhani occur.

Di Carlo, M.; Serra-Kiel, J.; Pignatti, J.

2012-04-01

55

The Role of Demand Factors in Utilization of Professional Care during Childbirth: Perspectives from Yemen  

PubMed Central

Background. Utilization of professional care during childbirth by women in low-income countries is important for the progress towards MDG?5. In Yemen, home births have decreased minimally during the past decades. Objective. The study investigates the influence of socio-demographic, birth outcome and demand factors on women's future preference of a home or institutional childbirth. Method. We interviewed 220 women with childbirth experience in urban/rural Yemen. We performed bivariate chi-square tests and multiple logistic regression analysis. A multistage sampling process was used. Results. The issues of own choice, birth support and birth complications were the most important for women's preference of future location of childbirth. Women who had previously been able to follow their own individual choice regarding birth attendance and/or location of childbirth were six times more likely to plan a future childbirth in the same location and women who received birth support four times more likely. Birth complications were associated with a 2.5-fold decrease in likelihood. Conclusions. To offer women with institutional childbirth access to birth support is crucial in attracting women to professional care during childbirth. Yemeni women's low utilization of modern delivery care should be seen in the context of women's low autonomy and status. PMID:21941663

Kempe, Annica; Noor-Aldin Alwazer, Fatoom; Theorell, Tores

2011-01-01

56

Rapid diagnosis of schistosomiasis in Yemen using a simple questionnaire and urine reagent strips.  

PubMed

Schistosomiasis ranks second to malaria in terms of socioeconomic and public health importance in Yemen. This study assessed the validity of a morbidity questionnaire and urine reagent strips as a rapid tool for screening schoolchildren for urinary schistosomiasis as compared with the presence of eggs in urine as the gold-standard parasitological diagnosis. The study examined urine samples and interviewed 696 children (mean age 12.5 years) attending a primary-preparatory school in south Yemen. Urinary schistosomiasis was confirmed in 126 (18.1%) children. Diagnostic performance was poor for 2 items in the morbidity questionnaire (self-reported history of previous infection and self-reported history of antischistosomal treatment). However, self-reported dysuria, self-reported haematuria in the questionnaire and microhaematuria by reagent strips (alone or with macrohaematuria) revealed good diagnostic performance. The results indicated that reagent strips are a valid method for detection of microhaematuria for identifying individuals and communities infected with Schistosoma haematobium. PMID:24952121

Bassiouny, H K; Hasab, A A; El-Nimr, N A; Al-Shibani, L A; Al-Waleedi, A A

2014-04-01

57

Oil exploration and development in Marib/Al Jawf basin, Yemen Arab Republic  

SciTech Connect

In 1981, Yemen Hunt Oil Company (YHOC) negotiated a production-sharing agreement covering 12,600 km/sup 2/ in the northeast part of the Yemen Arab Republic. A reconnaissance seismic program of 1864 km acquired in 1982 revealed the presence of a major half graben, designated the Marib/Al Jawf basin by YHOC. A sedimentary section up to 18,000 ft thick has been recognized. Geologic field mapping identified Jurassic carbonates covered by Cretaceous sands overlying Permian glaciolacustrine sediments, Paleozoic sandstones, or Precambrian basement. The first well, Alif-1, drilled in 1984, aimed at a possible Jurassic carbonate objective, encountered hydrocarbon-bearing sands in the Jurassic-Cretaceous transition between 5000 and 6000 ft. Appraisal and development drilling followed. The Alif field is believed to contain in excess of 400 million bbl of recoverable oil. Subsequent wildcat drilling has located additional accumulations while further amplifying basin stratigraphy. Rapid basin development took place in the Late Jurassic culminating with the deposition of Tithonian salt. The evaporites provide an excellent seal for hydrocarbons apparently sourced from restricted basin shales and trapped in rapidly deposited clastics.

Maycock, I.D.

1988-02-01

58

Enterobacteriaceae isolates carrying the New Delhi metallo-?-lactamase gene in Yemen.  

PubMed

Ten carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (eight Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates and two Enterobacter cloacae) isolates from Yemen were investigated using in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing, phenotypic carbapenemase detection, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and replicon typing. Carbapenemase, extended-spectrum ?-lactamase (ESBL) and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinant genes were identified using PCR and sequencing. All of the 10 carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae were resistant to ?-lactams, tobramycin, ciprofloxacin and cotrimoxazole. Imipenem, doripenem and meropenem MICs ranged from 2 to >32 mg l(-1) and ertapenem MICs ranged from 6 to >32 mg l(-1). All of the K. pneumoniae isolates showed ESBL activity in phenotypic tests. Genes encoding blaNDM were detected in all strains. All K. pneumoniae strains produced CTX-M-15 ESBL and SHV ?-lactamases. TEM-1 ?-lactamase was detected in seven isolates. Nine isolates were qnr positive including QnrB1, QnrA1 and QnrS1, and six isolates produced AAC-6'-Ib-cr. MLST identified five different sequence types (STs): ST1399, ST147, ST29, ST405 and ST340. Replicon typing showed the presence of IncFII1K plasmids in four transformants. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of NDM-1-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates in Yemen. PMID:25009193

Gharout-Sait, Alima; Alsharapy, Samer-Ahmed; Brasme, Lucien; Touati, Abdelaziz; Kermas, Rachida; Bakour, Sofiane; Guillard, Thomas; de Champs, Christophe

2014-10-01

59

Situation Report--Bahrain, Central African Republic, Gabon, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Syria, Yemen Arab Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to population and family planning in twelve foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahrain, Central African Republic, Gabon, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. Information is provided, where appropriate and available, under two…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

60

Differential Predictive Validity of High School GPA and College Entrance Test Scores for University Students in Yemen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school grade point average and college entrance test scores are two admission criteria that are currently used by most colleges in Yemen to select their prospective students. Given their widespread use, it is important to investigate their predictive validity to ensure the accuracy of the admission decisions in these institutions. This study…

Al-Hattami, Abdulghani Ali Dawod

2012-01-01

61

Genetic Analysis of Viruses Associated with Emergence of Rift Valley Fever in Saudi Arabia and Yemen, 2000-01  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first confirmed Rift Valley fever outbreak outside Africa was reported in September 2000, in the Ara- bian Peninsula. As of February 2001, a total of 884 hospitalized patients were identified in Saudi Arabia, with 124 deaths. In Yemen, 1,087 cases were estimated to have occurred, with 121 deaths. Laboratory diagnosis of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) infections included virus

Trevor Shoemaker; Carla Boulianne; Martin J. Vincent; Linda Pezzanite; Mohammed M. Al-Qahtani; Yagub Al-Mazrou; Ali S. Khan; Pierre E. Rollin; Robert Swanepoel; Thomas G. Ksiazek; Stuart T. Nichol

62

In search of the lost zinc: A lesson from the Jabali (Yemen) nonsul de zinc deposit N. Mondillo a  

E-print Network

g/t silver, with a projected recovery of ca. 80% zinc. The primary sul de deposit shows featuresIn search of the lost zinc: A lesson from the Jabali (Yemen) nonsul de zinc deposit N. Mondillo, Via Mezzocannone 8, 80134 Napoli, Italy b ZincOx Resources plc Knightway House Park Street Bagshot

Boni, Maria

63

Computation of finite strain using remote sensing data from extensional tectonic in Yemen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Systems of faults and tilted blocks linked with early phases of lithospheric stretching between the Arabian and the African plates are well developed in the southern part of Yemen, in the vicinity of the Red Sea. The method developed in this study allows the extension to be directly quantified using remote sensing data. A strained surface is identified on Landsat TM images and its geometrical parameters (strike and dip) are measured over each tilted block using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) computed with SPOT stereoscopic images. These supposedly plane surfaces are restored in their predeformation horizontal state. Each surface is adjusted to its neighbors to minimize gaps and overlaps. Restored and deformed surfaces are compared in order to compute the amount of extension. Rotations about vertical axes have also been detected which are in agreement with field evidence of strike-slip motions on fault planes.

Thoue, F.; Vidal, G.

64

Barriers to Completing TB Diagnosis in Yemen: Services Should Respond to Patients' Needs  

PubMed Central

Objectives and Background Obtaining a diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) is a prerequisite for accessing specific treatment, yet one third of estimated new cases are missed worldwide by National Programmes. This study investigated economic, geographical, socio-cultural and health system factors hindering adults' attendance and completion of the TB diagnostic process in Yemen, to inform interventions designed to improve patient access to services. Methodology The study employed a mixed methods design comprising a cross-sectional survey and In-Depth-Interviews (IDIs) and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) among patients abandoning the diagnosis or registering for treatment. Adults with cough of ?2 weeks attending a large governmental referral centre in Sana'a, Yemen, between 2009 and 2010, were eligible to participate. Results 497 and 446 (89.7%) participants were surveyed the first and second day of attending the services and 48 IDIs and 12 FGDs were also conducted. The majority of patients were disadvantaged and had poor literacy (61% illiterate), had travelled from rural areas (47%) and attended with companions (84%). Key barriers for attendance identified were clinic and transport costs (augmented by companions), distance from home, a preference for private services, strong social stigma and a lack of understanding of the diagnostic process. There were discrepancies between patient- and doctor-reported diagnosis and 46% of patients were unaware that TB treatment is free. Females faced more difficulties to attend than men. The laboratory practice of providing first-day negative smear results and making referrals to the private sector also discouraged patients from returning. Strategies to bring TB diagnostic services closer to communities and address the multiple barriers patients face to attend, will be important to increase access to TB diagnosis and care. PMID:25244396

Anderson de Cuevas, Rachel M.; Al-Sonboli, Najla; Al-Aghbari, Nasher; Yassin, Mohammed A.; Cuevas, Luis E.; Theobald, Sally J.

2014-01-01

65

Epidemiology of hypertension in Yemen: effects of urbanization and geographical area  

PubMed Central

Although globalization can contribute to increased blood pressure by spreading unhealthy behaviors, it also provides powerful means to tackle hypertension. The dissemination of information about and advice on cardiovascular prevention and facilitated contact with health services are valuable resources. To investigate the effects of urbanization, geographical area, and air temperature on hypertension burden and kidney damage, a survey was performed in 2008 with a door-to-door approach among urban and rural adult dwellers of three geographic areas (capital, inland, coast) of Yemen. Subjects (n=10?242) received two visits several days apart to confirm the diagnosis of hypertension. Proteinuria (dipstick test ?+1) was used as a marker of kidney damage. Prevalence rates were weighted to represent the Yemen population aged 15–69 years in 2008. Rates of hypertension and proteinuria progressively increased from the capital (6.4% 95% confidence level (CI) 5.8–7.0 and 5.1% 4.4–5.9, respectively), to inland areas (7.9% 7.0–8.7 and 6.1% 5.1–7.1), to the coastal area (10.1% 8.9–11.4 and 8.9% 7.3–10.4). When compared with urban dwellers, rural dwellers had similar hypertension prevalence (adjusted odds ratios (ORs) 1.03; 95% CI 0.91–1.17) but higher proteinuria rates (adjusted ORs 1.55; 1.31–1.85). Overall, home temperature was associated with a lower hypertension rate (adjusted OR 0.98; 0.96–0.99). This large population study reveals that the highest burden of hypertension and kidney damage is detectable in remote areas of the country. PMID:23486167

Modesti, Pietro Amedeo; Bamoshmoosh, Mohamed; Rapi, Stefano; Massetti, Luciano; Al-Hidabi, Dawood; Al Goshae, Husni

2013-01-01

66

Genetic Variation and Phylogeography of Central Asian and Other House Mice, Including a Major New Mitochondrial Lineage in Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region and flanking tRNAs were sequenced from 76 mice collected at 60 localities extending from Egypt through Turkey, Yemen, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Nepal to eastern Asia. Segments of the Y chromosome and of a processed p53 pseudogene (Wp53) were amplified from many of these mice and from others collected elsewhere in Eurasia and North

Ellen M. Prager; Cristian Orrego; Richard D. Sage

67

A high-resolution, absolute-dated deglacial speleothem record of Indian Ocean climate from Socotra Island, Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stalagmite M1-5 from Socotra Island, Yemen in the northwest Indian Ocean provides a robust, high-resolution paleoclimate record from ?27.4–11.1 ka based on 717 stable isotope and 28 230Th measurements. Variations in M1-5 oxygen isotope ratios (?18O) are interpreted to be primarily driven by an amount effect related to changes in the mean position and\\/or intensity of convection of the intertropical convergence

Jeremy D. Shakun; Stephen J. Burns; Dominik Fleitmann; Jan Kramers; Albert Matter; Abdulkarim Al-Subary

2007-01-01

68

Emotional abuse towards children by schoolteachers in Aden Governorate, Yemen: A cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Emotional abuse is central to other forms of abuse. The primary objective of this paper was to estimate the prevalence of emotional abuse among pupils in basic education schools and the risk factors associated with it in Aden governorate, Yemen. Methods Four districts were randomly selected from across the governorate of Aden, 2 schools were selected at random in each district, and then 1066 pupils were randomly selected from the 8 schools. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences ver.15. Mean, standard deviation and chi square were used for descriptive statistics. Univariate and Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations between emotional abuse with pupils/parents characteristics. Results Pupils reported high rates of emotional abuse 55.2% at least once in their school lifetime. Male pupils had higher prevalence of emotional abuse 72.6% than females 26.1%. Teachers constituted the highest proportion of perpetrators 45.6%. Odds Ratio (95% confidence interval) showed statistically significant association between emotional abuse and pupils' gender, family type and father education: 9.94 (7.19-13.74), 1.40 (1.02-1.91), .58 (.39-.86) respectively. Conclusion Emotional child abuse was highly prevalent in pupils in basic school education. Pupils' gender, family type and father education were the main risk factors associated with emotional abuse. PMID:22888950

2012-01-01

69

Offshore Socotra, Republic of Yemen: Potential for a new hydrocarbon province?  

SciTech Connect

A new plate reconstruction has enabled the Island of Socotra, currently located in the Gulf of Aden adjacent to the Somalian coast, to be confidently restored to its original spatial position, adjacent to the southern Omani coastline. New studies integrated with these plate reconstructions, have confirmed the presence of an untested Mesozoic graben, which trends across the Socotra platform. Fieldwork carried out in the region now enables a SE extension of the prolific Lower Cretaceous Qishn `play` (delinated in the Masilah Basin, onshore Yemen) to be postulated offshore into the Gulf of Aden. Following the award of offshore acreage adjacent to the Island of Socotra, exploration studies have confirmed the presence of the Qishn `play` both on the Island of Socotra, and offshore in the one available basin-margin control well. This work has also identified two additional plays: the Shuabia-equivalent carbonates, which are prolific producing reservoirs in central Oman; and the Permo-Triassic clastics, which may provide a new reservoir target for the region. Fieldwork has also identified Jurassic siliclastics outcropping on the Island, which may provide further reservoir potential. Ongoing multidisciplinary studies, integrating the results of a detailed geophysical interpretation with high resolution structural-stratigraphic studies, have confirmed the presence of large structures within an undrilled Mesozoic rift-basin, which will be tested during 1995.

Richardson, S.M.; Bott, W.F.; Birse, T.C.R. [British Gas Exploration & Production Ltd., Reading (United Kingdom)

1995-08-01

70

The path towards universal health coverage in the Arab uprising countries Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen.  

PubMed

The constitutions of many countries in the Arab world clearly highlight the role of governments in guaranteeing provision of health care as a right for all citizens. However, citizens still have inequitable health-care systems. One component of such inequity relates to restricted financial access to health-care services. The recent uprisings in the Arab world, commonly referred to as the Arab spring, created a sociopolitical momentum that should be used to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). At present, many countries of the Arab spring are considering health coverage as a priority in dialogues for new constitutions and national policy agendas. UHC is also the focus of advocacy campaigns of a number of non-governmental organisations and media outlets. As part of the health in the Arab world Series in The Lancet, this report has three overarching objectives. First, we present selected experiences of other countries that had similar social and political changes, and how these events affected their path towards UHC. Second, we present a brief overview of the development of health-care systems in the Arab world with regard to health-care coverage and financing, with a focus on Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, and Yemen. Third, we aim to integrate historical lessons with present contexts in a roadmap for action that addresses the challenges and opportunities for progression towards UHC. PMID:24452045

Saleh, Shadi S; Alameddine, Mohamad S; Natafgi, Nabil M; Mataria, Awad; Sabri, Belgacem; Nasher, Jamal; Zeiton, Moez; Ahmad, Shaimaa; Siddiqi, Sameen

2014-01-25

71

Risk assessment of the introduction of Rift Valley fever from the Horn of Africa to Yemen via legal trade of small ruminants.  

PubMed

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne viral zoonosis of increasing global importance. Occurring since 1930 across Africa, it was detected for the first time in Saudi Arabia and Yemen in September 2000, leading to human deaths and major losses in livestock populations. Assuming the virus has not survived in Yemen or has been circulating at a low level, authors qualitatively assessed the likelihood of "re-introduction" of RVF into Yemen through the legal importation of small ruminants from the Horn of Africa. The overall probability of introduction was assessed very low to medium, increasing during festival periods and higher when considering a direct transmission exposure as compared to a vectorial transmission exposure. The uncertainty was considered to be medium underlining important gaps in information that need to be fulfilled in the region. Options to reduce the risk are proposed and discussed, including possible improvements of the current Yemeni quarantine system. PMID:20967567

Abdo-Salem, Shaif; Waret-Szkuta, Agnès; Roger, François; Olive, Marie-Marie; Saeed, Khalid; Chevalier, Véronique

2011-02-01

72

Hepatobiliary Complications of Sickle Cell Disease among Children Admitted to Al Wahda Teaching Hospital, Aden, Yemen  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study aimed to describe the pattern of hepatobiliary complications among patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and to assess their correlation with age, gender and other risk factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed 106 patients with SCD who were admitted to Al Wahda Teaching Hospital in Aden, Yemen, between January and June 2009. A full history, thorough examination, essential laboratory investigations (including a complete blood count, liver function test and viral markers test) and an abdominal ultrasound were performed on all patients. The clinicopathological characteristics of the hepatobiliary complications were analysed for their correlation to different risk factors such as age and gender. Results: It was found that 46.2% of the patients with SCD had hepatobiliary complications. Of these, 36.7% had viral hepatitis, 26.0% had cholecystitis and 20% had gallstones. A total of 60.4% of the affected patients were male. The mean levels of alanine aminotransferase (59.4 and 56.0 U/L) and aspartate transaminase (40.1 and 38.3 U/L) were significantly elevated in patients with viral hepatitis and cholecystitis, respectively. Hepatitis B virus surface antigen showed higher positivity (10.4%) than anti-hepatitis A and anti-hepatitis C antibodies. Hepatobiliary complications increased significantly with age and were notably higher among those who were often admitted to hospital and/or underwent frequent blood transfusions. Conclusion: This study suggests that hepatobiliary complications are common among SCD patients and the likelihood of developing such complications increases as patients age. Thus, regular clinical follow-ups, abdominal ultrasound studies and periodic liver function tests, as well as serological tests for viral hepatitis, are strongly recommended. These can help in the early detection of these complications and allow opportunities for their management and prevention. PMID:25364561

Qhalib, Hana A.; Zain, Gamal H.

2014-01-01

73

Seroprevalence and Risk Factors for Hepatitis C Virus Infection among General Population in Central Region of Yemen.  

PubMed

Background. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) represents a major worldwide public health problem. Though several studies from Yemen have provided an estimate of the prevalence of this viral infection, there exist only few studies which reflect the status in the general population. Aim. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis C infection among general population in central region of Yemen. Methods. The study population comprised 2,379 apparently healthy subjects who were screened for hepatitis C antibodies (HCV Abs) status using ELISA quantitative technique. Seroprevalence rate of seropositive subjects was calculated and stratified by age, sex, educational level, and monthly income. Results. The study showed that out of 2,379 subjects, 31 (1.3%) were HCV Abs positive. Higher prevalence of HCV Abs was found among females, 24 (1.01%), than males, 7 (0.29%). The age specific prevalence rose from 00 (0.00%) in subjects aged ?14 years to a maximum of 9 (0.38%) in subjects aged ?55 years. The prevalence of HCV Abs was more prevalent in illiterate subjects and increased with decreasing monthly income. Conclusion. It was found that variables including age and educational level were significantly associated with HCV Ab positivity and not associated with gender and monthly income. PMID:23320156

Gacche, Rajesh N; Al-Mohani, Sadiq K

2012-01-01

74

Seroprevalence and Risk Factors for Hepatitis C Virus Infection among General Population in Central Region of Yemen  

PubMed Central

Background. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) represents a major worldwide public health problem. Though several studies from Yemen have provided an estimate of the prevalence of this viral infection, there exist only few studies which reflect the status in the general population. Aim. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis C infection among general population in central region of Yemen. Methods. The study population comprised 2,379 apparently healthy subjects who were screened for hepatitis C antibodies (HCV Abs) status using ELISA quantitative technique. Seroprevalence rate of seropositive subjects was calculated and stratified by age, sex, educational level, and monthly income. Results. The study showed that out of 2,379 subjects, 31 (1.3%) were HCV Abs positive. Higher prevalence of HCV Abs was found among females, 24 (1.01%), than males, 7 (0.29%). The age specific prevalence rose from 00 (0.00%) in subjects aged ?14 years to a maximum of 9 (0.38%) in subjects aged ?55 years. The prevalence of HCV Abs was more prevalent in illiterate subjects and increased with decreasing monthly income. Conclusion. It was found that variables including age and educational level were significantly associated with HCV Ab positivity and not associated with gender and monthly income. PMID:23320156

Gacche, Rajesh N.; Al-Mohani, Sadiq K.

2012-01-01

75

Qualitative study on the Community Perception of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) Implementation in Lahej, Yemen  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This qualitative study was aimed at exploring the perceptions of community leaders and mothers about health services and community actions pertaining to child health in Lahej, Yemen since the Implementation of Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) in 2003. Methods: Face-to-face, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with six community leaders and seven mothers in 2007 in the three districts of Lahej Governorate, Yemen, that are implementing IMCI. Results: Neither group was aware of IMCI, but had “positive perception to the services.” Community leaders expressed “uncertainty about the role of health committees and community participation,” and said, “people can contribute in different ways” and “health authorities must play a more active role.” The mothers emphasised, “poor livelihood and environmental conditions” and “salient counselling messages not received.” Conclusion: The pressing needs for effective community-IMCI is obvious owing to the appalling toll on child health of unfavourable livelihood and environmental conditions and disorganised community initiatives. Thus, for effective IMCI implementation, governmental support needs to be strengthened. PMID:21509274

Basaleem, Huda O; Amin, Rahmah M

2009-01-01

76

Printing sponsored by: A truck full of sharks heading to market to be finned in the red sea port of Hodeidah, Yemen. Photograph: Paul  

E-print Network

Printing sponsored by: A truck full of sharks heading to market to be finned in the red sea port of Hodeidah, Yemen. Photograph: Paul Hilton/EPA Almost 100 million sharks are being killed each year, with fishing rates outstripping the ability of populations to recover, scientists have estimated. Sharks need

Worm, Boris

77

The Role of Terraces Management on Land and Water Conservation in Yemen (A case study in Kuhlan-Affar \\/ Wide Sharis Districts)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Yemen is characterized by terrace cultivation, which is considered as an important national heritage. From a technical point of view terrace cultivation is an advanced farming system for soil and water harvesting and utilization of mountainous lands. The arable land under cultivation is estimated to be 1.1 million hectares , representing less than 2% of the total red of the

Mohamed A. Al

78

Micromorphology of two prehistoric ritual burials from Yemen, and considerations on methodological aspects of sampling the burial matrix - work in progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction In the central area of Yemen, two burial sites placed high in the crevices of vertical cliff face of Cretaceous sandstone (Tawilah Group) provided evidence of human remains and yielded burial soils. Radiocarbon dating indicated c.2500-2900 years BP for the burials. In other local comparable sites the deep horizontal crevices yielded Bronze Age human remains, in exceptional state of

Maria-Raimonda Usai; Don Brothwell; Stephen Buckley; Kalid Ai-Thour; Matthew Canti

2010-01-01

79

Regional differences in the distribution of the sub-Saharan, West Eurasian, and South Asian mtDNA lineages in Yemen.  

PubMed

Despite its key location for population movements out of and back into Africa, Yemen has not yet been sampled on a regional level for an investigation of sub-Saharan, West Eurasian, and South Asian genetic contributions. In this study, we present mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) data for regionally distinct Yemeni populations that reveal different distributions of mtDNA lineages. An extensive database of mtDNA sequences from North and East African, Middle Eastern and Indian populations was analyzed to provide a context for the regional Yemeni mtDNA datasets. The groups of western Yemen appear to be most closely related to Middle Eastern and North African populations, while the eastern Yemeni population from Hadramawt is most closely related to East Africa. Furthermore, haplotype matches with Africa are almost exclusively confined to West Eurasian R0a haplogroup in southwestern Yemen, although more sub-Saharan L-type matches appear in more northern Yemeni populations. In fact, Yemeni populations have the highest frequency of R0a haplotypes detected to date, thus Yemen or southern Arabia may be the site of the initial expansion of this haplogroup. Whereas two variants of the sub-Saharan haplogroup M1 were detected only in southwestern Yemen close to the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, different non-African M haplotypes were detected at low frequencies (approximately 2%) in western parts of the country and at a higher frequency (7.5%) in the Hadramawt. We conclude that the Yemeni gene pool is highly stratified both regionally and temporally and that it has received West Eurasian, Northeast African, and South Asian gene flow. PMID:18257024

Cerný, Viktor; Mulligan, Connie J; Rídl, Jakub; Zaloudková, Martina; Edens, Christopher M; Hájek, Martin; Pereira, Luísa

2008-06-01

80

Physicians' perceptions of medical representative visits in Yemen: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background The pharmaceutical industry invests heavily in promotion, and it uses a variety of promotional strategies to influence physicians’ prescribing decisions. Within this context, medical representatives (MRs) are the key personnel employed in promoting their products. One significant consequence of the interactions between physicians and medical representatives is a conflict of interests which may contribute to the over prescribing of medications and thus negative effects on patients’ health and economics. There is limited detailed information published on the reasons why physicians interact with pharmaceutical representatives. This study aims to qualitatively explore physicians’ attitudes about interactions with medical representatives and their reasons for accepting the medical representatives’ visits. Methods In-depth interviews were used to gain a better understanding of physicians’ perceptions of medical representative visits. A total of 32 physicians from both private and public hospitals were interviewed. The recordings of the interviews were transcribed verbatim and subject to thematic analysis using a framework analysis approach. Results The present qualitative study found that the majority of the physicians had positive interactions with medical representatives. The physicians’ main reasons stated for allowing medical representatives’ visits are the social contacts and mutual benefits they will gain from these representatives. They also emphasized that the meeting with representatives provides educational and scientific benefits. A few physicians stated that the main reasons behind refusing the meeting with medical representatives were lack of conviction about the product and obligation to prescribe medicine from the representative company. Most of the physicians believed that they were under marketing pressure to prescribe certain medicines. Conclusions Although physicians are aware that the medical representatives could influence their prescribing decision, they welcome representatives to visit them and consider receiving free samples, gifts and various kinds of support as a normal practice. The findings provided insight into possible target areas for educational interventions concerning pharmaceutical marketing. Such a finding will provide the basis for policymakers in the public and private health sector in Yemen to develop a suitable policy and regulations in terms of drug promotion. PMID:23962304

2013-01-01

81

Tensile city  

E-print Network

Tensile City is a story that provides the answer to the following question: II If we were to leap forward in time and visit a city of the future, what would learn about our contemporary city ? II The story unfolds when ...

Chakkour, Mario Henri

1987-01-01

82

Tick infestations on livestock in the Yemen Arab Republic and their potential as vectors of livestock diseases.  

PubMed

A survey of ticks on cattle, camels, sheep, goats and donkeys in four different geographical locations of the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) was carried out to provide more information on the possible risk of tick-borne diseases to imported exotic cattle included in the YAR's plans for livestock development. The most abundant ticks were Hyalomma spp. particularly on camels. Ticks found on cattle included Hyalomma spp., Amblyomma variegatum, Boophilus annulatus and Rhipicephalus spp. In general with the exception of camels tick burdens on all species of domestic livestock were very low. Two hundred and ninety eight serum samples from miscellaneous adult cattle throughout the country were negative to a test for Anaplasma marginale antibodies. It is speculated that tick burdens in the YAR are too low for significant disease transmission and the implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:3603710

McCartan, B M; Hunter, A G; Pegram, R G; Bourne, A S

1987-02-01

83

A brief Oligocene period of flood volcanism in Yemen: Implications for the duration and rate of continental flood volcanism at the Afro-Arabian triple junction  

USGS Publications Warehouse

40Ar39Ar dating of mineral separates and whole-rock (WR) samples has established that basaltic continental flood volcanism (CFV) began between 30.9 and 29.2 Ma in northwestern and southwestern Yemen, respectively. Rhyolitic volcanism commenced at 29.3-29.0 Ma throughout Yemen. Lower basaltic lavas were erupted every 10-100 kyr, whereas upper bimodal volcanic units were erupted every 100-500 kyr, which reflects generation of rhyolitic magmas from basalts that resided for longer periods in lithospheric magma chambers than during the early phase of exclusively mafic magmatism. The youngest dated flood volcanic units were erupted between 26.9 and 26.5 Ma throughout Yemen. The duration of preserved CFV defined by 40Ar/39Ar dating (4.4 myr) contrasts with the wide range of WR K-Ar dates previously obtained in Yemen (> 50 myr). 40Ar/39Ar step-heating studies of WR samples has shown that this discrepancy is due to the disturbed Ar systematics of volcanic samples. Most samples have experienced post-crystallization loss of radiogenic Ar and/or contain excess Ar, with only ca. 25% of the WR K-Ar dates within 1-2 myr of true crystallization ages. WR K-Ar data can be screened for reliability using the radiogenic Ar yield and 40K/36Ar ratio, which reflect the Ar retentivity of the sample, the likelihood that alteration has disturbed a sample's Ar systematics, and the susceptibility of the sample to a finite amount of Ar loss or the presence of a finite amount of excess Ar. Examination of existing WR K-Ar data in the Ethiopian part of this flood volcanic province, using these parameters, suggests that much of these data are also misleading. Two phases of flood volcanism are inferred in Ethiopia and Eritrea at 38-30 Ma and ca. 20 Ma. The older phase is equivalent to that in Yemen, and is consistent with the progression in basal volcanic ages obtained in Yemen moving from north to south. The younger phase is related to the onset of upper crustal extension and incipient Red Sea-Gulf of Aden rifting. The sequence of events - surface uplift (?), flood magmatism and subsequent upper crustal extension - in Yemen is consistent with the involvement of a mantle plume at the Afro-Arabian triple junction. However, the overall eruption rate for this flood volcanic province is only 0.03 km3/yr, much slower than that postulated for other plume-related provinces such as the Deccan or Siberian Traps, but perhaps comparable to the Parana??-Etendeka province, which also contains significant amounts of rhyolitic volcanic products like those of Yemen-Ethiopia. The highly variable eruption rates in individual provinces must reflect the very different character of individual plumes, or the control of lithospheric structure and plate tectonic stresses on the surface manifestations of plumes. The long duration of CFV and large amounts of rhyolitic volcanism at the Afro-Arabian triple junction may be attributed to the relatively slow separation of the African and Arabian plates compared with, for example, the rifting of India and the Deccan Traps.

Baker, J.; Snee, L.; Menzies, M.

1996-01-01

84

Historic Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jointly sponsored by the Historic Cities Center within the Department of Geography at Hebrew University and the Jewish National and University Library, the Historic Cities Web site is intended to contain maps, literature, documents, books, and other relevant material concerning the past, present, and future of historic cities While some of these documents and ephemera are still forthcoming to the site, visitors will find a wide array of historic city maps and views dating from 1486 to 1720. The scanned maps are searchable alphabetically, by date, and by individual cartographer. Additionally, a bit of information is provided about each cartographer. Overall, the site contains close to two hundred individual city maps and renderings, ranging from medieval Heidelberg to Casablanca. For persons with an interest in urban morphology and the history of cartography, the Historic Cities site will be a good place to start.

85

City Mayors  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Drawing on the expertise of a team of editors who reside in Britain, Germany, Spain, Mexico, France, and a number of other countries, the City Mayors organization is an "international network of professionals working to promote strong cities and good local government." Their website takes on all of the important urban issues of the day, including governance, affordable housing, sustainable development, transportation, and a number of other pressing issues. On their homepage, visitors will find links to recent news stories from cities around the world and direct links to thematic sections such as business, finance, environment, and development. One section that should not be missed is the "City Rankings" area, which includes helpful lists of the largest cities in the world by land area, population and density, along with a list of the most expensive cities in the world.

86

Stratigraphy, deposition, and structural framework of the cretaceous (review) and 3D geological model of the lower cretaceous reservoirs, Masila oil field, Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Masila area is located in the Hadhramaut region in east central Yemen. Oil was first discovered in the area in late 1990\\u000a with commerciality being declared in late 1991. Oil production began in July 1993. By the end of December 1999, the daily\\u000a production rate was set at 210,000 stock tank barrels\\/day (STB\\/D) of very low gas–oil ratio (GOR)

Hassan S. Naji; Mohammad H. Hakimi; Mohammed Khalil; Farooq A. Sharief

2010-01-01

87

Tectonic controls on the quality and distribution of Syn- to Post-Rift reservoir sands in the Southern Red Sea, offshore Western Yemen  

SciTech Connect

Previous geophysical and drilling results in the southern Red Sea, and the presence of numerous oil seeps, indicate that the syn- to post-rift section is prospective for oil and gas. The relatively high geothermal gradient offshore western Yemen makes intra-salt and post-salt reservoir sands the only viable exploration targets. The quality and distribution of the reservoir sands remains one of the main unknown risk factors, An improved understanding of the controls on deposition of these sands is achieved by use of LandSat data, which provide evidence of a regional tectonic framework involving NE/SW-trending oceanic transform faults which are expressed onshore as strike-slip features, in some cases representing reactivated Precambrian lineaments. These faults are thought to have played two fundamental roles in the Neogene to Recent evolution of the southern Red Sea - firstly by directing clastic input from the rising Yemen Highlands into offshore depocentres, and secondly by influencing the location of salt diapirs sourced by Upper Miocene evaporates. By considering these factors, together with the pattern of heat flow from the developing oceanic rift of the southern Red Sea, it is possible to delineate areas of offshore western Yemen where reservoir characteristics are likely to be most favourable.

Carter, J.M.L. [Petroleum Geologists Group Ltd., Reading (United Kingdom)

1995-08-01

88

City limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

City limits are to be seen not only as geographical and temporal boundaries but also as perceived and effective horizons imposed by social arrangements. Making use of both philosophical and fictional resources, Gail Weiss develops an inter?corporeal cartography of the city that explores how these horizons impinge on people's lives. Drawing on the work of Merleau?Ponty and Elizabeth Grosz, this

Gail Weiss

2005-01-01

89

Softening cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the U.S. we stand somewhere about the halfway point in a major shift in the way we view city building, both the process and the product that results. We have been used to seeing urbanization as a production process. (This, in itself, replaced an earlier view of the city as a necessary condition of industrial production.) More and more

R. Montgomery

1977-01-01

90

City profile  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a metropolitan population of more than 20 million and rising, Jakarta is one of the world's largest cities, the biggest city by a wide margin in Southeast Asia, and the commanding urban center of Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous country. It is also an outstanding example of an overburdened Third World metropolis struggling with problems of overpopulation and

Roman Cybriwsky; Larry R. Ford

2001-01-01

91

City Beautiful  

Microsoft Academic Search

The city beautiful movement, which in the early 20th Century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theory and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly

Gerald A. Carlino; Albert Saiz

2008-01-01

92

Mexico City  

... Two small brighter patches within the hazy area indicate low fog. In the left-hand panel, the city basin appears significantly clearer, but ... very high altitudes, in contrast to the low-lying haze and fog near Mexico City. When the stereo retrieval determines that a location is ...

2013-04-18

93

Recycle City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recycling made fun. The Environmental Protection Agency's Recycle City Web site offers students an interactive way to learn how recycling can affect their environment. Users can click any part of the cartoon drawing of the city to learn about that particular building or site and what can be done to decrease waste. The site also contains a more involved exercise called the Dumptown game, where visitors click on City Hall to view various recycling programs and choose the program(s) the city will implement. Once implemented, that activity can be seen taking place in Dumptown. Although the Dumptown exercise may require the help of a teacher to navigate for younger students, both exercises are excellent for K-12 teachers and students.

1997-01-01

94

Open City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you interested in improving civic culture and knowledge with apps? If so, you will be delighted to learn about the Open City site. The Open City folks are a group of programmers, citizen activists, and policy types that create apps with open data in order "to improve transparency and understanding of our government." Chicagoans can stop by the Merchandise Mart to meet up and work with Open City in person. Everyone else can check out the Projects page to view apps like "Chicago Councilmatic," "How's Business?" and "Crime in Chicago." Each of these apps takes open source data from the city of Chicago and other organizations to create tools designed to help decision makers, journalists, and scholars with their various projects. The site also contains information about the people behind the organization and press releases about their work.

95

Oral hygiene and gingival health status of children with Down syndrome in Yemen: A cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The objective of the present study was to assess the oral hygiene and gingival health status among Yemeni children with Down syndrome. Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised 101 children with Down syndrome attending special needs schools in Sana’a, Yemen. The calculus index (CI), plaque index (PI), and the gingival index (GI) were used to assess oral hygiene and gingival health status. Results: All subjects had gingivitis; the mean CI, PI, and GI scores were 0.58 ± 0.61, 1.45 ± 0.57, and 1.54 ± 0.64, respectively, with no significant difference found across gender. Stepwise linear regression analysis revealed that the best predictors in the descending order for CI were age and mother's education, and the best predictors for PI were IQ level, age, and father's education. Having severe mental retardation, older age, less educated parents were the most important predictors for poor gingival health status. Conclusions: These findings show that children with Down syndrome have poor oral hygiene and high levels of periodontal diseases. Hence, appropriate oral health education should be tailored to the needs of these children with the support of their teachers and parents. PMID:25254190

Al-Sufyani, Ghadah A.; Al-Maweri, Sadeq Ali; Al-Ghashm, Abdulmalik A.; Al-Soneidar, Walid A.

2014-01-01

96

Heavy metal concentrations in marine green, brown, and red seaweeds from coastal waters of Yemen, the Gulf of Aden  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the concentration levels of heavy metals in different species of the main three marine algal divisions from the Gulf of Aden coastal waters, Yemen. The divisions included Chlorophyta—green plants ( Halimeda tuna, Rhizoclonium kochiamum, Caldophora koiei, Enteromorpha compressa, and Caulerpa racemosa species), Phaeophyta—brown seaweeds ( Padina boryana, Turbinaria elatensis, Sargassum binderi, Cystoseira myrica, and Sargassum boveanum species), and Rhodophyta—red seaweeds ( Hypnea cornuta, Champia parvula, Galaxaura marginate, Laurencia paniculata, Gracilaria foliifere, and species). The heavy metals, which included cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), Iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and vanadium (V) were measured by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAs). The concentrations of heavy metals in all algal species are in the order of Fe >> Cu > Mn > Cr > Zn > Ni > Pb > Cd > V > Co. The results also showed that the uptake of heavy metals by different marine algal divisions was in the order of Chlorophyta > Phaeophyta > Rhodophyta. These heavy metals were several order of magnitude higher than the concentrations of the same metals in seawater. This indicates that marine alga progressively uptake heavy metals from seawater.

Al-Shwafi, Nabil A.; Rushdi, Ahmed I.

2008-08-01

97

Specific activities of natural rocks and soils at quaternary intraplate volcanism north of Sana'a, Yemen  

PubMed Central

The level of natural radioactivity in rocks and soil of 32 samples collected from locations at North Sana?a in Yemen was measured. Concentrations of radionuclides in rocks and soils samples were determined by gamma-ray spectrometer using high purity germanium (HPGe) detector with specially designed shield. The average radioactivity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th, 40K were determined and expressed in Bq/kg. The results showed that these radionuclides were present in concentrations of 21.79 ± 3.1, 19.5 ± 2.6 and 399.3 ± 16 Bq/kg, respectively, for rocks. For soil, the corresponding values were 48.2 ± 4.4, 41.7 ± 4.5 and 939.1 ± 36 Bq/kg, respectively. Also, the radiological hazard of the natural radionuclide content, radium equivalent activity, total dose rates, external hazard index and gamma activity concentration index of the (rocks/soils) samples in the area under consideration were calculated. The dose rates at 1 m above the ground from terrestrial sources were 38.39 and 86.89 nGy/h for rocks and surface soil, respectively, which present no significant health hazards to humans. PMID:22363113

Harb, Shaban; El-Kamel, Abd El-Hadi; Abbady, Abd El-Bast; Saleh, Imran Issa; El-Mageed, Abdallah Ibrahim Abd

2012-01-01

98

Possible Ancient Anthrosols Near Lost City of Ubar Site in Oman  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During mapping for the Wadi al Jubal Archaeological Project in Yemen, USGS Geologists Overstreet and Grolier mapped "anthrosols of pre-Islaniic age" east of the Marib dam site (15D 24M N, 45D 18M E). These soils were the result of agriculture supported by irrigation enabled by water impounded by the dam, areas which were abandoned after dam failure. During analysis of Landsat Thematic Mapper satellite images of Yemen and Oman for the Mahra Archaeological Project, we noted that these anthrosols had a distinctive image expression. Based on other remote sensing research and laboratory spectroscopy, we think that the distinctive image signature is due to low reflectivity in Landsat band 7 resulting from relatively high concentrations of gypsum in the anthrosols. Many anthrosol sites were noted, most, but not all, of them previously documented. Undocumented possible anthrosol sites include an area east of Shisr in Oman, the archaeological site discovered by us to be responsible for some features of the "Lost City of Ubar" legends. Included in legendary accounts of the Ubar region are reports of fertile oases, and "areas that have known the plow". Based on demonstrated reliability of aspects of carefully interpreted legendary accounts, we postulate that we may have located the area of desert agriculture that may have existed to support the frankincense caravansary of Ubar. The possible anthrosol area is located at approximately 18D 10M N, 53D 54M E, and will be the subject of study in a future expedition.

Blom, Ronald G.; Crippen, Robert E.; Owen, Jana K.; Zarins, Juris

2000-01-01

99

Invincible Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Throughout history, cities have risen and fallen from prominence, and in recent times more attention has been paid to why this ebb and flow persists across the centuries. Documenting this process has increasingly been the province of historians, archaeologists, city planners, sociologists, and of course, photographers. Many photographers have been very interested in the world of post-industrial urban decay, and Camilo Jose Vergara is one of the best. With financial support from the Ford Foundation, this website brings together VergaraâÂÂs photographic record of the cities of Camden, New Jersey and Richmond, California in exquisite geographic and visual detail. First-time visitors will want to read through the introduction to the project offered by Vergara, and then perhaps click on the question mark on the homepage for a brief primer on how to use the user interface for each city. At that point, visitors shouldnâÂÂt be afraid to look over both cities, as they can zoom in and out around a number of interesting locales, including abandoned factories, old piers, and gated communities. Short of wandering through these cities in a peripatetic fashion, this website serves as an interesting introduction to some overlooked aspects of urbanity.

Vergara, Camilo J.

2006-01-01

100

Epidemiology of hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections in pregnant women in Sana'a, Yemen  

PubMed Central

Background Screening for Hepatitis B and C during pregnancy may help to decide on appropriate antiviral therapy and the institution of steps to minimize vertical transmission to the newborn infants. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted during November–December 2011 to investigate the seroprevalence and associated risk factors for markers of HBV (hepatitis B surface antigen; HBsAg) and anti-HCV antibody among pregnant women at the Al-Thawra hospital in Sana’a, Yemen. Structured questionnaires were used to obtain sociodemographic obstetrics and medical data and sera were tested for HBsAg and anti-HCV. Results Of the 400 pregnant women enrolled in the study, HBsAg and anti-HCV were detected in 43 (10.8%; 95% CI: 8.0–14.0%) and 34 (8.5%, 95% CI: 6.0–11.5%) women, respectively. None of the women were co-infected with HBV and HCV. Multivariate analysis showed that circumcision was significantly associated with HBsAg seropositivity (OR?=?3.3, 95% CI: 1.1–10.2; p?=?0.03), low parity (primigravidae and secundigravidae) and education below secondary level were significantly associated with anti- HCV seropositivity (OR?=?3.3, 95% CI: 1.1–10.2; p?=?0.03). No other sociodemographic or clinical characteristics (age, residence, history of home delivery, miscarriage, dental manipulation, surgery, and blood transfusion) were significantly associated with HBsAg or anti-HCV seropositivity. Conclusion The results of this study suggest that HBsAg and anti-HCV have high prevalence among pregnant women. PMID:23758990

2013-01-01

101

Decline of Supportive Attitudes among Husbands toward Female Genital Mutilation and Its Association to Those Practices in Yemen  

PubMed Central

Objectives To elucidate the attitudes of women and their husband’s towards female genital mutilation (FGM) and their associations with the continuation of FGM upon their daughters. Methods Subjects were 10,345 (in 1997) and 11,252 (in 2003) ever married women aged 15 to 49 years from the Yemen Demographic Health Surveys. Performances of FGM on the most-recently-born daughters were investigated. Attitudes of women and their husbands were assessed by their opinions on the continuation of FGM. The association between the attitudes of women and their husbands and performance of FGM on the most-recently-born daughters were investigated after adjusting for age and education of the women. Findings The percentage among the most-recently-born daughters who received FGM of women who had undergone FGM declined from 61.9% in 1997 to 56.5% in 2003 (p<0.001). The percentages of women who had undergone FGM and who supported the continuation of FGM and of husbands who also supported its continuation decreased from 78.2% and 60.1% in 1997 to 70.9% and 49.5% in 2003, respectively (both p<0.001). When the women or the husbands did not agree with FGM, it was less likely to be performed on their daughter than when the women or the husbands agreed in 1997 (odds ratio=0.11, 95% confidence interval 0.07-0.16 and odds ratio=0.07, 95% confidence interval 0.04-0.12, respectively) and in 2003 (odds ratio=0.12, 95% confidence interval 0.09-0.16 and odds ratio=0.11, 95% confidence interval 0.07-0.16, respectively). Conclusion Non-supportive attitudes of women and their husbands towards the continuation of FGM have become common and were associated with their decision not to perform FGM upon their daughters. PMID:24367582

Al-Khulaidi, Ghadah Abdulmajid; Nakamura, Keiko; Seino, Kaoruko; Kizuki, Masashi

2013-01-01

102

Assessment of natural and anthropogenic radioactivity levels in rocks and soils in the environments of Juban town in Yemen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The natural radioactivities of 40K, 226Ra, and 232Th and the fallout of 137Cs in rock and soil samples collected around Juban town in Yemen (south west of Asia) were measured. Concentrations of radionuclides in samples were determined by gamma-ray spectrometer using HPGe detector with specially designed shield. The average radioactivity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K were determined expressed in Bq/kg. The results show that these radionuclides were present in concentrations of (53.6±4, 127±6.7, and 1742.8±62 Bq/kg), (55±4, 121±6.6, and 2341±78 Bq/kg), (212.8±8.7, 109 ±5.5, and 32.4±4.7 Bq/kg), and (32.1±3, 22.3±2.9 and 190.9±15 Bq/kg) for granite, gneiss, siltstone, and sandstone rocks, respectively. For soil the corresponding values were 44.4±4.5, 58.2±5.1, and 822.7±31 Bq/kg. Low deposits of 137Cs were noted in investigation area, where the activity concentrations ranged from 0.1±0.1 to 23.2±1.2 Bq/kg. Also the radiological hazard of the natural radionuclides content, radium equivalent activity, total dose rates, external hazard index, and gamma activity concentration index of the (rocks/soils) samples in the area under consideration were calculated. The data were discussed and compared with those given in the literature.

Abd El-mageed, A. I.; El-Kamel, A. H.; Abbady, A.; Harb, S.; Youssef, A. M. M.; Saleh, I. I.

2011-06-01

103

City of Anaheim City Manager's Office  

E-print Network

City of Anaheim City Manager's Office Volunteer Web Design Intern Job Description 1 The City of Anaheim seeks an intern to assist the City Manager's Office in graphic design with an emphasis on web design. This internship will give the intern valuable real-world experience in web design, as well

de Lijser, Peter

104

Box City Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum packet contains two lesson plans about cities and architecture intended for use with students in upper elementary grades and middle schools. The first lesson plan, "City People, City Stories" (Jan Ham), states that understanding architecture and cities must begin with an understanding of the people of the city. The children create…

Center for Understanding the Built Environment, Prairie Village, KS.

105

Clean Cities Fact Sheet  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet explains the Clean Cities Program and provides contact information for all coalitions and regional offices. It answers key questions such as: What is the Clean Cities Program? What are alternative fuels? How does the Clean Cities Program work? What sort of assistance does Clean Cities offer? What has Clean Cities accomplished? What is Clean Cities International? and Where can I find more information?

Not Available

2004-01-01

106

Are Cities Dying?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper organizes a discussion of the costs and benefits of cities around the question: Are cities becoming obsolete? While minimizing transport costs for manufactured goods no longer justifies the existence of cities, they still facilitate the division of labor and the flow of ideas. Cities' higher housing, commuting, and pollution costs seem stable over time. Only the costs associated

Edward L. Glaeser

1998-01-01

107

The Suitability of P. falciparum Merozoite Surface Proteins 1 and 2 as Genetic Markers for In Vivo Drug Trials in Yemen  

PubMed Central

Background The accuracy of the conclusions from in vivo efficacy anti-malarial drug trials depends on distinguishing between recrudescences and re-infections which is accomplished by genotyping genes coding P. falciparum merozoite surface 1 (MSP1) and MSP2. However, the reliability of the PCR analysis depends on the genetic markers’ allelic diversity and variant frequency. In this study the genetic diversity of the genes coding for MSP1 and MSP2 was obtained for P. falciparum parasites circulating in Yemen. Methods Blood samples were collected from 511 patients with fever and screened for malaria parasites using Giemsa-stained blood films. A total 74 samples were infected with P. falciparum, and the genetic diversity was assessed by nested PCR targeting Pfmsp1 (Block2) and Pfmsp2 (block 3). Results Overall, 58%, 28% and 54% of the isolates harboured parasites of the Pfmsp1 K1, MAD20 and RO33 allelic families, and 55% and 89% harboured those of the Pfmsp2 FC27 and 3D7 allelic families, respectively. For both genetic makers, the multiplicity of the infection (MOI) was significantly higher in the isolates from the foothills/coastland areas as compared to those from the highland (P<0.05). Pfmsp2 had higher number of distinct allelic variants than Pfmsp1 (20 vs 11). The expected heterozygosity (HE) for Pfmsp1 and Pfmsp2 were 0.82 and 0.94, respectively. Nonetheless, a bias in the frequency distribution of the Pfmsp1 allelic variants was noted from all areas, and of those of Pfmsp2 in the samples collected from the highland areas. Conclusions Significant differences in the complexity and allelic diversity of Pfmsp1 and Pfmsp2 genes between areas probably reflect differences in the intensity of malaria transmission. The biased distribution of allelic variants suggests that in Yemen Pfmsp1 should not be used for PCR correction of in vivo clinical trials outcomes, and that caution should be exercised when employing Pfmsp2. PMID:23861823

Al-abd, Nazeh M.; Mahdy, Mohammed A. K.; Al-Mekhlafi, Abdulsalam M. Q.; Snounou, Georges; Abdul-Majid, Nazia B.; Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M.; Fong, Mun Y.

2013-01-01

108

Jerusalem: City of Dreams, City of Sorrows  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jerusalem is more than an intriguing global historical city; it is a classroom for liberal learning and international understanding. It had never been a city of one language, one religion and one culture. Looking at the origins of Jerusalem's name indicates its international and multicultural nature. While Israelis designate Jerusalem as their…

Ricks, Thomas

2011-01-01

109

City Review Our 2016 Vision for City  

E-print Network

for the quality of our education, research and enterprise. City is a special place in the world of higher are proud of the quality of our education, research and enterprise and are ranked within the top 2 of Law and Saint Bartholomew's College of Nursing. Our links with the City of London are strong, through

Martin, Ralph R.

110

Smart CitieS Postdoctoral work  

E-print Network

Future oF Smart CitieS Postdoctoral work leverages predictive models P.5 enhanCing eduCation DMWA and control of dynamical flow phenomena to prevent damage to large-scale infrastructure systems, sustainable persistent monitoring of infrastructure systems using mobile autonomous platforms. Dr. Ketan Savla, Assistant

Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

111

Comparison between omentoplasty and partial cystectomy and drainage (PCD) techenques in surgical management of hydatid cysts liver in endemic area (Yemen).  

PubMed

Hydatisosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus is more or less endemic in all sheep raising countries. This study evaluated omentoplasty versus partial cystectomy with drainage in surgical management of hydatid cysts of the liver in endemic area (Yemen). A total of 60 patients with hydatid cyst in the liver was divided into two groups; G1 (32 patients) treated with omentoplasty and G2 (28 patients) treated with partial cystectomy with drainage (PCD). The results showed that the wound sepsis was seen in 6.25%, of Gland in 14.2% of G2, biliary leakage occurred in 3.5% of G2, intra-abdominal abscess formation occurred in 3.5% of G2, atelectasis was in 3.1% of G1 and in 3.5% of G2. The total morbidity was 12.5% in G1 and 32.1% in G2. There was a significant difference between the two groups as regard to the mean post-operative hospital stay, (6.5 days in G1 versus 15.6 days in G2). PMID:24961020

Borham, Marwan Mansour

2014-04-01

112

Remote sensing and GIS application for assessment of land suitability potential for agriculture in the IBB governorate, the Republic of Yemen.  

PubMed

In the present study, an assessment of land suitability potential for agriculture in the study area of IBB governorate, Republic of Yemen has been conducted through close examination of the indicators of land characteristics and qualities. The objective of this study is to evaluate the available land resource and produce the potential map of the study area. Remote sensing data help in mapping land resources, especially in mountainous areas where accessibility is limited. Satellite imagery data used for this study includes data from multi-temporal Landsat TM which dated June 2001. The parameters taken into consideration were 16 thematic maps i.e., slope, DEM, rainfall, soil, land use, land degradation as well as land characteristics maps. Satellite image of the study area has been classified for land use, land degradation and soil maps preparation, while topo sheet and ancillary data have been used for slope and DEM maps and soil properties determination. The land potential of the study area was categorized as very high, high, moderate, low and very low by adopting the logical criteria. These categories were arrived at by integrating the various layers with corresponding weights in a Geographical Information System (GIS). The study demonstrates that the study area can be categorized into spatially distributed agriculture potential zones based on the soil properties, terrain characteristics and analyzing present land use. This approach has the potential as a useful tool for guiding policy decision on sustainable land resource management. PMID:21313888

Al-Mashreki, Mohammd Hezam; Akhir, Juhari Bin Mat; Abd Rahim, Sahibin; Desa, Kadderi Md; Rahman, Zulfahmi Ali

2010-12-01

113

Pre-existing oblique transfer zones and transfer/transform relationships in continental margins: New insights from the southeastern Gulf of Aden, Socotra Island, Yemen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transfer zones are ubiquitous features in continental rifts and margins, as are transform faults in oceanic lithosphere. Here, we present a structural study of the Hadibo Transfer Zone (HTZ), located in Socotra Island (Yemen) in the southeastern Gulf of Aden. There, we interpret this continental transfer fault zone to represent a reactivated pre-existing structure. Its trend is oblique to the direction of divergence and it has been active from the early up to the latest stages of rifting. One of the main oceanic fracture zones (FZ), the Hadibo-Sharbithat FZ, is aligned with and appears to be an extension of the HTZ and is probably genetically linked to it. Comparing this setting with observations from other Afro-Arabian rifts as well as with passive margins worldwide, it appears that many continental transfer zones are reactivated pre-existing structures, oblique to divergence. We therefore establish a classification system for oceanic FZ based upon their relationship with syn-rift structures. Type 1 FZ form at syn-rift structures and are late syn-rift to early syn-OCT. Type 2 FZ form during the OCT formation and Type 3 FZ form within the oceanic domain, after the oceanic spreading onset. The latter are controlled by far-field forces, magmatic processes, spreading rates, and oceanic crust rheology.

Bellahsen, N.; Leroy, S.; Autin, J.; Razin, P.; d'Acremont, E.; Sloan, H.; Pik, R.; Ahmed, A.; Khanbari, K.

2013-11-01

114

Detroit : open city  

E-print Network

Detroit is often regarded as America's largest city in decline, a metropolis that has failed to recover from an insidious cycle of deindustrialization, racism, suburban flight and laggard politics. This image of the city ...

Berry, Daniel (Daniel Kevin)

2006-01-01

115

Utah: Salt Lake City  

... Snow-Covered Peaks of the Wasatch and Uinta Mountains     View Larger Image ... Winter Olympics, to be held in Salt Lake City, Utah. The mountains surrounding Salt Lake City are renowned for the dry, powdery snow ...

2014-05-15

116

City of God  

Microsoft Academic Search

Well over a millennium and a half ago, Augustine distinguished between two cities: the Heavenly City and the Earthly City. While one was the site of all that was holy and spiritual, the place of faith, the other was foul and wicked, the realm of the flesh. Such dichotomies, expanded into a full?fledged binary logic, persist in the way that

Bülent Diken

2005-01-01

117

Anthropology 310 ANCIENT CITIES  

E-print Network

Anthropology 310 ANCIENT CITIES Dr. Daphne Gallagher Office: 253 Condon Hall Email: daphne Location: 207 Chapman Course Description: Cities are common throughout the world today, with most people living in these dynamic social environments. However, cities are a relatively new phenomenon in human

118

Cities and Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workers in cities earn 33% more than their nonurban counterparts. A large amount of evidence suggests that this premium is not just the result of higher ability workers living in cities, which means that cities make workers more productive. Evidence on migrants and the cross effect between urban status and experience implies that a significant fraction of the urban wage

2001-01-01

119

Cities and Homeowners Associations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his recent article, The City as a Legal Concept, Professor Gerald Frug compared the city and the business corporation as possible vehicles for the exercise of decentralized power. In the course of his analysis, Frug asserted that American law is deeply biased against the emergence of powerful cities and, by implication, is less restrictive on corporate power. Joining the

Robert C. Ellickson

1982-01-01

120

Smart cities in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban performance currently depends not only on the city’s endowment of hard infrastructure (‘physical capital’), but also, and increasingly so, on the availability and quality of knowledge communication and social infrastructure (‘human and social capital’). The latter form of capital is decisive for urban competitiveness. Against this background, the concept of the ‘smart city’ has recently been introduced as a

A. Caragliu; C. Del Bo; P. Nijkamp

2009-01-01

121

CITY III: Small Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CITY III is a computer-assisted simulation game in which participants make decisions affecting the economic, governmental, and social conditions of a simulated urban area. In one of its five city options (called Lothian) the CITY III simulation model focuses on a micro-view of an urban area by reducing the level of aggregation. The population is…

Envirometrics, Inc., Washington, DC.

122

Victory City: The City of the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For the past 40-odd years, Orville Simpson II has been pursuing a dream, his vision of a city of the future, a Victory City based on reason and efficiency. Victory Cities would be entirely self-contained under one roof, ideally consisting of seven linked buildings -- each 102 stories -- containing residences, offices, industry, and retail space. Although the idea of snap-out modular walls, furniture bolted to the floors, and no kitchens (residents will be transported to the cafeterias by Ferris wheels) does not appeal to everyone, Simpson must be given credit for the depth and breadth of his vision. Users reading the Residents Guide will find that few details have been overlooked. Simpson addresses issues such as the money and food systems, education, postal service, transportation, security, recreation, pets, healthcare, ecological issues, and so on. Users can view numerous floor plans and conceptual drawings in the Victory City tour, review his arguments for the city in the Purpose/Benefits section, and read a collection of newspaper and magazine features on the man and his city in the Media Coverage section. Simpson is, by the way, still seeking investors.

123

The coralline red alga Lithophyllum kotschyanum f. affine as proxy of climate variability in the Yemen coast, Gulf of Aden (NW Indian Ocean)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent investigations have shown the potential of red coralline algae as paleoclimatic archive. A previously unexplored subfamily of coralline algae, the Lithophylloideae, was investigated from the Gulf of Aden (Balhaf, Yemen). Seasonal changes in Mg/Ca, Li/Ca and Ba/Ca composition of Lithophyllum kotschyanum f. affine were investigated by Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). For the first time in coralline algae, the Li/Ca composition was analyzed and showed a highly significant and positive correlation with Mg/Ca and SST. Monthly algal Mg/Ca and Li/Ca variations indicate a positive correlation with sea surface temperature (SST), and sea surface salinity (SSS), although low growth rates decrease the resolution of the algal record. Albeit no or weak positive correlation between monthly algal Ba/Ca and local SST was found, fluctuations in Ba/Ca suggest the seasonal influence of nutrient-rich deep waters introduced by upwelling, and record an increase of sedimentation at the sampling site likely due to an intensified land use in the area. The Mg/Ca age model shows an average algal extension rate of 1.15 mm yr-1, and reveals multiple intra-annual banding (previously unreported in the genus Lithophyllum) together with carposporangia formation in late February-early March, when temperature begins to increase. The concentration of MgCO3 in the thallus of L. kotschyanum f. affine is 20 mol% (1 SE), confirming that within the genus, the species sampled in warmer regions contain higher mol% MgCO3. The concentrations of LiCO3 and BaCO3 are 8 ?mol% (0.7 SE) and 0.5 ?mol% (0.03 SE), respectively. Despite the limitations from low-growth rate and species-specific vital effect, coralline algae confirm their utility in climate and oceanographic reconstruction.

Caragnano, A.; Basso, D.; Jacob, D. E.; Storz, D.; Rodondi, G.; Benzoni, F.; Dutrieux, E.

2014-01-01

124

City of Cambridge: CityViewer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is the best way to experience the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts? You could read a history of Harvard University, take a walking tour, or perhaps browse a topical website. But why not look at the Cambridge CityViewer for edification? This unique tool "allows the public to view, query, mark up, and print custom maps using only a web browser." Notedly, the viewer works best with Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox. Visitors can check out ten different topical overlays, including those dealing with city parks, construction projects, land parcels, sewers, zoning, and traffic. There are many ways to get started, such as performing a simple search, an advanced search, or even just by typing in a street name and number. For anyone with an interest in urban history, planning, and land use, this site is a rare treat.

125

300 Cities -An Exploration in Characterizing US Cities  

E-print Network

300 Cities - An Exploration in Characterizing US Cities Michael K. Martin, Kathleen M. Carley Grouping Analyses. #12;iii Abstract The goal of the 300-Cities Project is to support IRS policy decisions by finding a small number of city clusters, where the cities within each cluster will respond similarly

Sadeh, Norman M.

126

GroWinG CitieS NJIT's Enterprise Development  

E-print Network

at thE EDgE GroWinG CitieS NJIT's Enterprise Development Center ­ the EDC ­ is home to some 90 companies at the entre- preneurial leading edge. Among them is City-Hydroponics (www. city. City-Hydroponics is advancing their agenda through the use of a multi-tier hydroponic growing system

Gary, Dale E.

127

Theme city or gated community - images of future cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future of the cities has been under discussion since the first city. It has been typical in every civilisation and era to hope for a better city. Creek philosopher Platon created image of future city where all men were equal and the city was ruled by philosophers minds. Many philosopher or later social scientist have ended up to similar

Leena Helenius-Mäki

2002-01-01

128

CITY of DAVIS INNOVATION CENTER  

E-print Network

03 STUDIO CITY of DAVIS INNOVATION CENTER STUDY STUDIO 30 UC Davis Extension 2012 #12;#12;03 STUDIO CITY of DAVIS INNOVATION CENTER STUDY Prepared by STUDIO 30 UC Davis Extension for the City of Davis Innovation Task Force July 2012 #12;i City of Davis Innovation Park Task Force Established by the City

California at Davis, University of

129

Procedural modeling of cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modeling a city poses a number of problems to computer graphics. Every urban area has a transportation network that follows population and environmental influences, and often a superimposed pattern plan. The buildings appearances follow historical, aesthetic and statutory rules. To create a virtual city, a roadmap has to be designed and a large number of buildings need to be generated.

Yoav I. H. Parish; Pascal Müller

2001-01-01

130

Growth in Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent theories of economic growth, including those of Romer, Porter, and Jacobs, have stressed the role of technological spillovers in generating growth. Because such knowledge spillovers are particularly effective in cities, where communication between people is more extensive, data on the growth of industries in different cities allow us to test some of these theories. Using a new data set

Edward Ludwig Glaeser; Hedi D. Kallal; Jose A. Scheinkman; Andrei Shleifer

1992-01-01

131

Big City School Bankruptcy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three big-city school systems nearly went bankrupt in the 1970s. New York City, including its schools, ran out of money; Cleveland closed its schools for long periods to conserve funds; and Chicago's schools ran out of credit. This paper narrates these crises, examines the responses of state governments and teacher and custodian unions, and looks…

Cronin, Joseph M.

132

The Emerging Generic Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cities everywhere have experienced dramatic changes in their size, density, demography and economy in recent decades. With rapid urbanization and globalization of trade and employment, the impact of these changes is all the more apparent in many of the fast growing South Asian and non-western cities. While the likely impact of 9\\/11 on the design of large and tall buildings

Malik A

133

The Plains City Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study portrays a contemporary phenomenon that affects many U.S. school districts. Specifically, the authors address the challenges that the superintendent of the Plains City school district faced as a result of a change in the demographic distribution of his district. The gradual development of the pig farming industry in Plains City

van Olphen, Marcela; Rios, Francisco; Berube, William; Dexter, Robin; McCarthy, Robert

2006-01-01

134

Reproducing in Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reproducing in cities has always been costly, leading to lower fertility (that is, lower birth rates) in urban than in rural areas. Historically, although cities provided job opportunities, initially residents incurred the penalty of higher infant mortality, but as mortality rates fell at the end of the 19th century, European birth rates began to plummet. Fertility decline in Africa only

Ruth Mace

2008-01-01

135

Lost City News Release  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This press release from the National Science Foundation provides an overview of the 2003 expedition to the Lost City Hydrothermal Field at the Atlantis Massif. It briefly describes the expedition, features of the Lost City, research results and implications for future discoveries. Photos and images accompany the text.

Affairs, Office O.; Foundation, National S.

136

Writing British Asian cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports in brief on an Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Diasporas, Migrations and Identities (DMI) programme funded network, ‘Writing British-Asian Cities’, which ran between 2006 and 2009. It contends that the diverse local configuration of Asian Britain has to a large extent remained unexamined in the literature. Having organised community-based events in five English cities, an indication

Seán McLoughlin

2009-01-01

137

City Signs and Lights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Signs/Lights/Boston, a project investigating environmental information systems in urban areas, was undertaken as the first step in a process of planning and controlling signs and lights for purposes of improving the flow of information in the city. This resulting report takes the city as it is and develops explicit means for revealing its form,…

Carr, Stephen

138

Walkout in Crystal City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When students take action, they create change that extends far beyond the classroom. In this article, the author, who was a former teacher from Crystal City, Texas, remembers the student walkout that helped launch the Latino civil rights movement 40 years ago. The Crystal City student walkout remains a high point in the history of student activism…

Barrios, Greg

2009-01-01

139

Cities and Sustainable Development  

E-print Network

are paralyzed by partisan politics, city governments foster action and innovation. In the United States, helping to slash extreme poverty. Cities are also the innovation hubs for public policy. Every day, #12, Bill de Blasio, is championing a bold program of educational innovations to narrow the vast gaps

140

Smart City Components Architicture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research is essentially to modularize the structure of utilities and develop a system for following up the activities electronically on the city scale. The GIS operational platform will be the base for managing the infrastructure development components with the systems interoperability for the available city infrastructure related systems. The concentration will be on the available utility networks in order

Mahmoud Al-Hader; A. Rodzi; A. R. Sharif; N. Ahmad

2009-01-01

141

Smart networked cities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to critically assess the lack of a global inter-urban perspective in the smart city policy framework from a conceptual standpoint. We argue here that the smart city policy agenda should be informed by and address the structure of transnational urban networks as this can affect the efficiency of such local policies. The significance of this global network

Emmanouil Tranos; Drew Gertner

2012-01-01

142

City of Tacoma City Manager's Office  

E-print Network

and cover letter (addressed to Nadia Chandler Hardy, Assistant to the City Manager) describing personal goals and interest in this position by August 30, 2013. Contact: Email or call Julia Smith (jbsmith of appointment. Physical Requirements and Working Conditions This position is located in an office setting

Kaminsky, Werner

143

'This diarrhoea is not a disease ...' local illness concepts and their effects on mothers' health seeking behaviour: a qualitative study, Shuhair, Yemen  

PubMed Central

Background Globally, about seven million children under the age of five died in 2011. Local illness concepts are thought to be related to inappropriate health-seeking behaviour, and therefore, lead to child mortality. The aim of this study was to contribute to the definition of common local illness concepts with their effects on health-seeking behaviour for common childhood illnesses. Methods A qualitative focus group study was conducted between April 1 and 6, 2013. Participants were drawn purposefully from the vaccination unit at Shuhair Health Centre in Yemen. Four focus group discussions were conducted. The total number of participants was 31 mothers with at least one child under the age of five with a history of fever, diarrhoea, cough, or difficulty breathing during the 14 days preceding the study. Data was collected and analysed using micro-interlocutor analysis. Results The mean age of the participants was 31 years (SD?±?4). There was remarkable concordance in local illness concepts across the focus groups. During focus group discussions, six local illness concepts (Senoon, lafkha, halib, didan, raqaba, and ayn) were mentioned. Local illness concepts determined the type of treatment. Most of these illnesses were not treated medically. Lafkha, halib, raqaba, and ayn were always classified as “not for medical treatment”, whereas senoon and didan as sometimes “not for medical treatment”. For medical symptoms, i.e. fever, diarrhoea, cough, and difficulty breathing, medical therapy was usually an option; these were classified as never or sometimes “not for medical treatment”. Mothers trust in traditional medicine and believe that it is always beneficial and never harmful. The participants do not disclose traditional medicine use with their doctors because doctors oppose these practices and are not open enough to these types of treatment. Conclusions Local illness concepts for common child illnesses are widespread, and they determine the type of treatment used. Interventions to improve children’s health should use local illness concepts to educate parents. Traditional medicine as a treatment option in primary care should be considered. PMID:24920306

2014-01-01

144

Transforming Cities With Transit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How are cities transformed by the creation of new transit lines? How can existing transit lines be modified to create new land use opportunities for housing and commercial properties? These subjects are covered by a 172-page conference edition of a forthcoming paper from the World Bank. The paper was authored by Hiroaki Suzuki, Robert Cervero, and Kanako Iuchi. Visitors will note that the work focuses on "identifying barriers to and opportunities for effective coordination of transport infrastructure and urban development." The work takes on a number of global best practices of transit-oriented metropolises that have direct relevance to cities in developing countries and offers both analysis and suggestions for future projects. Sections here include "Lessons from Sustainable Transit-Oriented Cities," "Integrating Transit and Urban Development in Cities in the Developing World," and "Toward Sustainable Urban Futures."

Cervero, Robert.; Iuchi, Kanako; Suzuki, Hiroaki

145

City sewer collectors biocorrosion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the biocorrosion of city sewer collectors impregnated with special polymer sulphur binders, polymerized sulphur, which is applied as the industrial waste material. The city sewer collectors are settled with a colony of soil bacteria which have corrosive effects on its structure. Chemoautotrophic nitrifying bacteria utilize the residues of halites (carbamide) which migrate in the city sewer collectors, due to the damaged dampproofing of the roadway and produce nitrogen salts. Chemoorganotrophic bacteria utilize the traces of organic substrates and produce a number of organic acids (formic, acetic, propionic, citric, oxalic and other). The activity of microorganisms so enables the origination of primary and secondary salts which affect physical properties of concretes in city sewer collectors unfavourably.

Ksia¸?ek, Mariusz

2014-12-01

146

Light in the city  

E-print Network

This thesis focuses on enhancing the awareness of light for the pedestrian,and using light as a way of revealing the structure of the city and its relation to the cosmos. It proposes that aesthetic qualities of light inform ...

Srinivasan, Kavita, 1976-

2002-01-01

147

Between house and city  

E-print Network

In an attempt to understand the relationships between a residential building type and the city, this thesis explores the quality of the urban context resulting from the assemblage of these buildings. The investigation takes ...

Kallus, Rachel Admati

1982-01-01

148

Sister Cities International  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

People from around the world have sought to establish links with other individuals from different nations, and since 1956, cities have sought to also establish meaningful relationships with other urban areas through the Sister Cities International organization. Currently, the organization represents more than 2,500 communities in 126 countries. Visitors to the site can learn which cities are currently seeking partnerships with other cities, read about the organization's annual conference, and also read about the programs they administer. Also, its calendar of events is quite full with programs designed for the general public, such as those dealing with relationships with countries in the Middle East and the question of local government. Finally, the material on the site is available in a number of different languages, including French, German, Spanish, and Japanese.

149

The 3Cities Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Universities of Nottingham and Birmingham, the 3Cities Project is "an inter- and multi-disciplinary study of the iconography, spatial forms and literary and visual cultures of New York City, Chicago and Los Angeles in the period 1870s to 1930s." At present, the site hosts a collection of essays on the three cities, information on the project as a whole, and links and information for related conferences and seminars. The Project has also posted on a different site the City Sites electronic book, a collection of ten multimedia essays on New York and Chicago. Visitors can access these essays via interactive maps, a list, or by following theme-based "pathways." A lengthy bibliography rounds out the site.

1997-01-01

150

The sustainable city  

SciTech Connect

Natural marshes are replacing expensive man-made sewage treatment plants. Leaves that once wound up in landfills are now enhancing soils. Ecological landscaping is cooling entire communities and reducing energy use. In coming to view our cities as ecosystems, we are learning to apply the concepts and principles that have sustained rural forests and farms for generations. The question now is, how can those concepts be applied to cities, and how can individual citizens - as well as community leaders - act to improve the sustainability of the places they call home. This article discusses the following topics in reference to developing cities which can sustain themselves: energy efficiency; pollution and waste reduction; capturing natural processes (taking advantage of species that thrive in and benefit the city); merging ecological, economic, and social factors. 6 figs.

Gangloff, D.

1995-05-01

151

Adrift in the City  

Microsoft Academic Search

The life style of homeless children in two South American cities is reported in this chapter. The chapter describes a society within a society complete with mores, sanctions and values. The author's use of the term \\

Mark Connolly

1990-01-01

152

The Sustainable City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on methods to make cities more sustainable through the processes of energy efficiency, pollution and waste reduction, capture of natural processes, and the merger of ecological, economic, and social factors. (LZ)

Gangloff, Deborah

1995-01-01

153

Development of a comprehensive city assessment tool: CASBEE-City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conducting city assessments and disclosing those results to the public is important for supporting citizens' understanding of the actual condition of their city. Such assessment and disclosure could introduce a market mechanism that can be expected to provide city governments with strong incentives to improve their city conditions and also recognizes that local policy and strategy can be the most

Shuzo Murakami; Shun Kawakubo; Yasushi Asami; Toshiharu Ikaga; Nobuhaya Yamaguchi; Shinichi Kaburagi

2011-01-01

154

City of Palo Alto (ID # 4168) City Council Staff Report  

E-print Network

: Recommendation that the City Council Adopt a Resolution Amending the City's Renewable Energy Resources (Attachment A) amending the City of Palo Alto Electric Utility's Renewable Energy Resources Procurement Plan renewable energy resources by 2015. The City's goal exceeds California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS

155

Switching cities off  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this follow?up to a piece originally published in City 8(2), Stephen Graham offers a detailed portrait of the tactics and techniques of contemporary urban warfare. As cities have become more reliant than ever on networks, and as their infrastructures have become more fragile due to the vagaries of neoliberal privatization, urban?based warfare, which targets the systems—informational, medical, agricultural, and

Stephen Graham

2005-01-01

156

The Cities Alliance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the World Bank and other organizations, the Cities Alliance is "a global coalition of cities and their development partners committed to scaling up successful approaches to poverty reduction." The "News" area is front and center on their homepage and it provides a fine overview of their work, which ranges from concerted efforts to upgrade slums in the developing world, developing strategies to help cities with their financial situation, and also working on cohesive and comprehensive development strategies. Visitors can click on the right-hand side of the page to learn more about each of these thematic areas in the "Cities Alliance Activities" section. Moving on, the "Publications" area with its annual reports, fact sheets, and archived e-newsletters is a place worth visiting as well. The site is rounded out by the "City Development Strategies" area, which offers a rigorous explanation of the ways in which cities can assess their existing strengths and what the key aspects of a meaningful development strategy might be.

157

Cities Centre University of Toronto  

E-print Network

Cities Centre University of Toronto On the Mandate of the new University of Toronto Cities Centre selections from the Proposal for the Establishment of a Cities Centre at the University of Toronto December and Director, Global Cities Program); Eric Miller (Civil Engineering and Director, Joint Program

Sokolowski, Marla

158

From intelligent to smart cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking Hollands' previous statement on the transition from intelligent to smart cities as its point of departure (‘Will the real smart city stand up?’ City 12(3), 302–320), this article reflects upon the anxieties currently surrounding such developments. In particular, it considers the suggestion that such developments have more to do with cities meeting the corporate needs of marketing campaigns than

Mark Deakin; Husam Al Waer

2011-01-01

159

Inner City Revitalization in Beijing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the neo liberal market philosophy of the 1990s, the city is considered a growth engine. City planning and development emphasizes on making the cities productive and as a result, market based revitalization initiatives including real estate, retail and entertainment has become important. Unlike in the past, city revitalization is not limited to the development of the blighted or declining

Shrawan Kumar Acharya

160

Universities Scale Like Cities  

PubMed Central

Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the ‘gross university income’ in terms of total number of citations over ‘size’ in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its quality in terms of field-normalized citation impact. By studying both the set of the 500 largest universities worldwide and a specific subset of these 500 universities -the top-100 European universities- we are also able to distinguish between properties of universities with as well as without selection of one specific local property, the quality of a university in terms of its average field-normalized citation impact. It also reveals an interesting observation concerning the working of a crucial property in networked systems, preferential attachment. PMID:23544062

van Raan, Anthony F. J.

2013-01-01

161

An analysis framework for characterizing and explaining development of EIA legislation in developing countries-Illustrated for Georgia, Ghana and Yemen  

SciTech Connect

Actors in the field of international development co-operation supporting the development of EIA legislation in developing countries often do not achieve the results envisaged. The performance of EIA in these countries often remains weak. One reason, we assume, is that often those actors support the establishment of overly ambitious EIA legislation that cannot achieve its objectives in the light of constraining contexts. To provide more effective support we need to better understand the enabling and constraining contextual factors that influence the development of EIA legislation and to which support actors should align itself. In this article a new analysis framework for classifying, characterizing and explaining the development of EIA legislation is described, measured in terms of ambition levels. Ambitions are defined as intentions the EIA authorities aim to fulfill, expressed in formal EIA legislation. Three country cases, Yemen, Georgia and Ghana are used to illustrate the usefulness of our framework and as a first test to refine the framework. We have formulated the following five hypotheses that complement and refine our analysis framework. One, EIA legislation may develop multilinearly in terms of ambition levels. Two, ambitions in EIA legislation seem to be influenced to a great extent by the power and capacity of, on the one hand, the environmental authorities supporting EIA and, on the other hand, the sector authorities hindering the development of EIA. Three, the political system is the most important context factor influencing the rules of policy-making and the power of the different actors involved. Four, the importance of context factors on the development of ambitions is dependent on the phase of EIA system development. Five, some ambitions seem to be influenced by particular factors; for instance the ambitions for the object of study seem to be influenced by the level of environmental awareness of the sector ministries and parliament. The analysis framework may also assist actors involved in the development of EIA legislation in setting ambitions for EIA legislation that are feasible within the context in which it will be developed and implemented. Application of a country-specific EIA model would seem to be the preferred model to develop EIA legislation because by taking capacities of actors and context factors as a starting point, it offers more potential to well-performing EIA systems. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EIA systems develop from less to high ambitious and sometimes vice versa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ambitions in EIA legislation are determined by the capacity of environment- and sector authority. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The political system is the most important context factor explaining the ambitions of an EIA system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An analysis framework developed to measure EIA system ambitions might help to setambitions.

Kolhoff, Arend J., E-mail: akolhoff@eia.nl [Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment, P.O. Box 2345, 3500 GH Utrecht (Netherlands); Driessen, Peter P.J., E-mail: p.driessen@uu.nl [Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands); Runhaar, Hens A.C., E-mail: h.a.c.runhaar@uu.nl [Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands)

2013-01-15

162

Water in the City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Water in the City is part of the Franklin Institute Science Museum's Science in the City Web site. The activity is described as a way to investigate the most precious natural resource in cities. The resources accumulated and presented on the site are held within several areas that include Water Basics, Water Science, Philadelphia Water Ways, Worldwide Water Ways, and References and Activities. The water basics page, for example, contains a glossary of water terminology; water trivia; and information on water myths and realities, dams, water power, conserving water, and keeping water clean. Although most resources are from outside sources, the site does a good job of explaining the concepts and providing kids with a single spot to explore other sites with information on this specific subject.

163

100 Resilient Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The future of cities is the subject of much hand-wringing in urban policy circles. As of late, a popular topic has been the concept of urban "resilience" and the Rockefeller Foundation has taken this matter on with its 100 Resilient Cities initiative. On its website, first-time visitors should first explore the "What is Resilience?" area. Here, the topic is explained in detail and an infographic links to a number of helpful resources. Moving on, visitors can explore the foundation's blog and some of the Most Read entries, such as "The Five Fastest Growing Cities" and "Slumdog Urbanism." Each entry features a comments section that allows visitors to chime in with their own thoughts on resilience in the 21st century. The site is rounded out with a nice subscription feature, allowing readers the opportunity to receive email updates once new material is published on the site.

164

Ultrafine particles in cities.  

PubMed

Ultrafine particles (UFPs; diameter less than 100 nm) are ubiquitous in urban air, and an acknowledged risk to human health. Globally, the major source for urban outdoor UFP concentrations is motor traffic. Ongoing trends towards urbanisation and expansion of road traffic are anticipated to further increase population exposure to UFPs. Numerous experimental studies have characterised UFPs in individual cities, but an integrated evaluation of emissions and population exposure is still lacking. Our analysis suggests that the average exposure to outdoor UFPs in Asian cities is about four-times larger than that in European cities but impacts on human health are largely unknown. This article reviews some fundamental drivers of UFP emissions and dispersion, and highlights unresolved challenges, as well as recommendations to ensure sustainable urban development whilst minimising any possible adverse health impacts. PMID:24503484

Kumar, Prashant; Morawska, Lidia; Birmili, Wolfram; Paasonen, Pauli; Hu, Min; Kulmala, Markku; Harrison, Roy M; Norford, Leslie; Britter, Rex

2014-05-01

165

Engineers Week: Future City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Engineers Week Future City Competition provides âÂÂa fun and exciting educational engineering program for seventh- and eighth-grade students that combines a stimulating engineering challenge with a âÂÂhands-onâ application to present their vision of a city of the future.â The competition is intended to foster engineering skills, such as teamwork, communication and problem solving skills, as well as to inspire students to explore future careers in engineering. Using the commercial software SIMCITY to design their ideal city, students interact with each other, and with teachers and engineer mentors and also learn about the multi-disciplines within the engineering profession. The website has more information about the competition, as well as a handbook providing helpful tips and techniques. Examples of accomplishments from previous competitions are posted and CD-ROM video is available from regional coordinators to give more background on the competition.

166

The Atlantic Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What will the future of cities be like? It's a riveting question and one that excites the passions of the folks at The Atlantic Cities website. Their work here "explores the most innovative ideas and pressing issues facing today's global cities and neighborhoods." Visitors should browse through their newest articles, which might include "Why Our Kids Need Play" and "How Poverty Taxes the Brain." The site also has some neat features, including the Charts, Photos, and Urban Wonk areas. Geographers and artists will love the Maps section, which includes both scholarly and humorous offerings. First-time visitors should pay special attention here to "A Block-by-Block Map of Brooklyn, in Garbage" and "One Map, A World of Temperatures." Additionally, visitors can also sign up to receive their e-newsletter and other updates, including information about upcoming conferences and lectures sponsored by The Atlantic.

2013-09-23

167

Cities Around the World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Carthage to Chicago, this fascinating digital collection from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee presents quite a cornucopia of photographic images drawn from the world's cities, past and present. The images are from the American Geographic Society Library, and just two photographers, Harrison Forman and the noted urban geographer, Harold Mayer, took the pictures. All told, there are over 5500 photographic images in this collection, and first-time visitors should read over the brief introductory essays on the scope and content of this project before jumping into the materials. By clicking on the "Cities" section, visitors can browse around the cities with the most photographs, and then they may also wish to perform a detailed search. There are some fun surprises here, including an aerial view of the Union Stock Yards in Chicago and the governor's residence in Dar es Salaam.

168

Cities and Buildings Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Libraries Digital Collection online projects and archives are well-regarded, and this database proves to be no exception to that highly positive trend. Started in 1995, the Cities and Buildings Database contains over 10,000 digitized images of buildings and cities culled from all historical periods and from all over the world. Visitors may wish to start with a simple keyword search or if they are interested in merely browsing by country, they may do so as well from the homepage. Of course, one should not be surprised to also learn that visitors may also perform detailed searches for buildings by city, style, title, architect, and date of construction. Just to give prospective visitors some sense of the depth and breadth of the collection, the database contains everything from conceptual sketches of Frank Gehry's Experience Music Project to photographs of the monastery of St. Keghard in Armenia.

169

Vilnius City Theriofauna  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mammal diversity investigations in Vilnius were carried out in 1992, 1998–2004. The following 51 mammal species were registered in the city: five species of insectivores (Insectivora), 11 of bats (Chiroptera), 18 of rodents (Rodentia), two of hares (Lagomorpha), 11 of carnivores (Carnivora) and four of ungulates (Artiodactyla). Fourteen mammal species are included into the Red Data Book of Lithuania, namely

Kazimieras Baranauskas; Linas Bal?iauskas; Reda Mažeikyt?

2005-01-01

170

Industrial Development in Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses data for eight manufacturing industries to test for and characterize dynamic production externalities in cities. The authors find evidence of both Marshall-Arrow-Romer (MAR) externalities, which are associated with past own industry employment concentration, and Jacobs externalities, which are associated with past diversity of local total employment. For mature capital goods industries, there is evidence of MAR externalities

Vernon Henderson; Ari Kuncoro; Matt Turner

1995-01-01

171

TELECOM-CITIES  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

TELECOM-CITIES, a discussion list sponsored by the Taub Urban Research Center at New York University, focuses on practical and theoretical aspects of the impacts of advanced telecommunications and telematics on urban centers. A web-based subscription form is available.

1997-01-01

172

CITY COUNCIL ORDINANCE NUMBER # -09 ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF UNION CITY  

E-print Network

Energy Efficiency Standards," adopted by the Stopwaste.Org org Board on April 22, 2009 and made a part potential in Union City is moderate. These local features contribute to the Bay Area's status & Recycling Board (StopWaste.Org) and the Alameda County Conference of Mayors launched the Alameda County

173

Bug City: Beetles [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Bug City" is a video series created to help children learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic photography, fun…

1998

174

Bug City: Ants [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Bug City" is a video series created to help children (grades 1-6) learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic…

1998

175

The New City Commons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cities throughout the country are sponsoring family projects that convert vacant lots and rooftops to productive neighborhood gardens. It is hoped that utilization of these otherwide wasted areas will provide extra food for low income families, as well as promote community spirit and organization. (MA)

Crossland, Janice

1975-01-01

176

City Night Lights Poster  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This poster shows a global view of Earth at night, compiled from over 400 satellite images collected during the nighttime phase of the orbit. Much of Earth is illuminated at night by city lights. The poster includes elementary-secondary activities on the backside from Mission Geography (http://missiongeography.org/).

2002-01-01

177

unrestricted Optimizing City Traffic  

E-print Network

No overtakings allowed [1] R.M. Colombo,P. Goatin and M.D Rosini, On the modeling and Management of Traffic #12unrestricted Optimizing City Traffic using Time-Expanded Graphs Orange Labs Sébastien FELIX traffic using Time-Expanded Graphs section 1 Introduction section 2 Existing approaches section 3 Proposed

178

Summer in the City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the different experiences of the participants in an Outward Bound-sponsored "urban expedition" to New York City that was designed to make them better teachers by examining their beliefs and biases. The participants in this "urban expedition" came from schools that work with Outward Bound USA, the Garrison, New York,…

Gewertz, Catherine

2005-01-01

179

Accepted into Education City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar's Education City, perhaps the world's most diverse campus, is almost entirely unknown in the United States, but represents the next step in the globalization of American higher education--international franchising. Aided by technology such as online libraries, distance learning and streaming video, U.S. universities offer--and charge tuition…

Asquith, Christina

2006-01-01

180

Bug City: Bees [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Bug City" is a video series created to help children learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic photography, fun…

1998

181

Visit Cell City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this online activity, students search the Web in order to learn about human body cells. After collecting their research, they make an analogy between the structure of a human liver cell and a real city. Included are activity pages, team pages, teacher pages, and a list of electronic resources that students will need to complete the activity.

Glass, Sue

2007-12-12

182

City model enrichment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The combination of mobile communication technology with location and orientation aware digital cameras has introduced increasing interest in the exploitation of 3D city models for applications such as augmented reality and automated image captioning. The effectiveness of such applications is, at present, severely limited by the often poor quality of semantic annotation of the 3D models. In this paper, we show how freely available sources of georeferenced Web 2.0 information can be used for automated enrichment of 3D city models. Point referenced names of prominent buildings and landmarks mined from Wikipedia articles and from the OpenStreetMaps digital map and Geonames gazetteer have been matched to the 2D ground plan geometry of a 3D city model. In order to address the ambiguities that arise in the associations between these sources and the city model, we present procedures to merge potentially related buildings and implement fuzzy matching between reference points and building polygons. An experimental evaluation demonstrates the effectiveness of the presented methods.

Smart, Philip D.; Quinn, Jonathan A.; Jones, Christopher B.

183

Hazards in the City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive activity adapted from the National Library of Medicine, explore the environmental hazards that might be found at various locations within cities and towns, including construction sites, factories, homes, hospitals, offices and stores, parks, restaurants, rivers and lakes, schools, and vehicles. A background essay, discussion questions, and standards correlations are also provided.

2010-10-04

184

City Schools under Attack.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education is under attack. There is a general assault on the public sphere as a central aspect of our common existence. The problems of city schools stem from our failure to place educational reform within a broader vision of social and economic justice and our unwillingness to take political action to realize that vision. (MLH)

Molnar, Alex

1994-01-01

185

GPHY 421 Sustainable Cities Prof. Ulrich Kamp 1 SUSTAINABLE CITIES  

E-print Network

GPHY 421 ­ Sustainable Cities ­ Prof. Ulrich Kamp 1 SUSTAINABLE CITIES (GPHY 421) - Fall 2011 of sustainability efforts in cities around the world. Topics include, for example, urban sprawl and smart growth, alternative energy, public transportation, integrated waste management, integrated water management, green

Vonessen, Nikolaus

186

SPECIAL MEETING AGENDA CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF CERRITOS  

E-print Network

TO THE CERRITOS REDEVELOPMENT AGENCY MONDAY - NOVEMBER 18, 2013 - CITY HALL - 7:00 P.M. COUNCIL CHAMBERS on this Agenda are available for public inspection at the City Clerk's Office, Cerritos City Hall, 18125 AMENDING THE DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS OF AUTOMOBILE DEALERSHIP SIGNS. (COUNCIL) Development Code Amendment

187

Lesson 3: Ybor City, “Cigar City of the World”  

Microsoft Academic Search

After it was established and continued to thrive, Ybor city was a multiethnic, multiracial, industrial community unlike any other in Florida at the time. This lesson explores the city’s unique history, with special emphasis on the Cuban community that settled there.

Samantha Cook

2012-01-01

188

26. 'CITY HOSPITAL, BLACKWELL'S ISLAND.' (Source: New York City Department ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. 'CITY HOSPITAL, BLACKWELL'S ISLAND.' (Source: New York City Department of Public Finance, Real Estate Owned by the City of New York under Jurisdiction of the Department of Public Charities, 1909.) - Island Hospital, Roosevelt Island, New York, New York County, NY

189

University of Minnesota Twin Cities  

E-print Network

University of Minnesota Twin Cities Emergency Operations Plan © 2011 Regents of the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved. Revision 5.0, September 2011 #12;University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Twin Cities Emergency Operations Plan Revision 5.0 TABLE OF CONTENTS Basic Plan Introduction Purpose

Amin, S. Massoud

190

New York City's Education Battles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Bloomberg gave his first State of the City address, in January, 2002, he announced his intention to seek mayoral control of the schools and abolish the infamous New York City Board of Education, which he called "a rinky-dink candy store." He joined a long list of New York mayors, educators, and business leaders who believed that the city's…

Meyer, Peter

2008-01-01

191

El Paso City Directories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Urbanologists and other students of the urban condition can walk through the world of 1888 El Paso via this website. It is certainly a rather unusual "walk," as the digitized city directories offer just a taste of the cultural and social milieu at the time, but they remain remarkable documents. These early city directories date from 1885 to 1905, and their digitization was made possible by a grant to the El Paso County Historical Society from the Robert E. and Evelyn McKee Foundation. The project is housed at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) Libraries, and visitors can browse through the documents at their leisure. The directories (in most cases) include business and personal entries, and one can only imagine the historical or literary potential of such material.

192

Raptors in the City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new Web site from the nonprofit educational program Raptors in the City was developed to enhance inner city kids' use of technology and connection with nature. Appropriate for all types of students, the site focuses on the Peregrine Falcon, a species previously on the brink of extinction, but, through population recovery efforts on many downtown skyscrapers, has become an endangered species success story. Students are able to navigate through the entire 2002 courtship and nesting story of a pair of falcons nesting on a skyscraper in Cleveland, Ohio, and view images of the birds in their nest. Additionally, the site includes a link to a live falcon cam and describes additional educational curricula that can be purchased from Mindfull Publishing.

193

CEOs for Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The past few years have seen a growing number of organizations, institutions, and national think tanks express an increasing concern for sustaining the competitive economic advantage of major urban areas. One such group is CEOS for Cities, which is a national bipartisan alliance of mayors, corporate executives, university presidents, and other nonprofit leaders whose primary directive is to advance the economic competitiveness of cities. The group's executive committee includes such powerful leaders as Mayor Richard M. Daley of Chicago and Paul S. Grogan, the CEO of the Boston Foundation. One of the site's best features is the Trends and Data Analysis Reports, coupled with the Best Practice reports. Many of these documents are co-authored with other like-minded institutions, such as the Brookings Institution, and delve into such topics as What the IT Revolution Means for Regional Economic Development and Leveraging Colleges and Universities for Urban Economic Revitalization: An Action Agenda.

194

Lost City Expedition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides an account of a research cruise to the Lost City Hydrothermal Field at the summit of the Atlantis Massif. During this 32-day expedition, scientists onboard the research vessel Atlantis explored active limestone chimneys that rise 200 feet above the seafloor. This site features information about the biology, chemistry and geology of the Lost City area, as well as explanations of the instruments used to sample and analyze these parameters. It also describes how researchers used the robotic Autonomous Benthic Vehicle and three-person submarine Alvin to explore, map and sample the sea floor. The site also includes a daily shipboard journal, a glossary, and an ask-a-scientist online form. This extensive site provides in-depth, broadly accessible information about the science, mapping and operations of this expedition and hydrothermal systems in general.

Washington, University O.

195

Exploring small city maps.  

PubMed

The exploration of city maps has exploded recently due to the wide availability, increasing use of, and reliance on small positioning and navigational devices for personal use. In this study, subjects explored small, 3-mile diameter circular maps exemplifying five different types of street networks common in the United States, in order to locate a hypothetical city hall. Chosen locations indicated that subjects are able to identify more accessible sites. Monitoring eye position revealed that women explored maps faster, using more widely dispersed but more narrowly focused gaze clusters than men. The type of street network influenced the time spent by the eyes in a locale and differentially affected the size of gaze clusters between women and men, underscoring the complex interactions of gender-specific strategies with street network types. PMID:22990289

Christova, Peka; Scoppa, Martin; Peponis, John; Georgopoulos, Apostolos P

2012-11-01

196

Pittsburgh City Photographer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Archives Service Center and the Digital Research Library at the University of Pittsburgh have made over 1,200 pictures of Pittsburgh taken by the Pittsburgh City Photographer between 1901 and 1969 available online. Included are views of Pittsburgh parks and recreation facilities, athletic and mayoral events, general street scenes and traffic, as well as interior and exterior shots of familiar Pittsburgh buildings, including some that have been demolished. There are also interesting depictions of home life, and the famous and not so famous people of Pittsburgh. For example, a search on Highland Park retrieves 20 images dating from 1901 - 1968, and includes families at the Childrens' Zoo in the 1960s; various views of the entrance to Highland Park; an early image of the Highland Park Reservoir (1907); and DeLucca's market on Bryant St. It is also possible to search the Pittsburgh City Photographer's Collection along with 26 other image collections at the Historic Pittsburgh Image Collections.

197

City of Chicago Landmarks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The city of Chicago has many hundreds of wonderful architectural landmarks and this helpful website is a great resource for anyone with an interest in such matters. On the site, visitors can start by checking out the Landmarks Tours to get started. There over a dozen tours here, including Mansions Tour, Art Deco Tour, and Pre-Fire Chicago Tour. Moving on, visitors may also wish to look over the Architects area. Here they will encounter some of the usual suspects (Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Sullivan, etc.) and learn about some lesser-known architects, such as Solon S. Beman and William W. Boyington, who designed the wonderful entrance to Rosehill Cemetery. The Style Guide offers a great primer for those who'd like to know more about two dozen architectural styles, including Craftsman, International, and Tudor Revival. Finally, the site also includes a Listings area, complete with information about all of the buildings on the city's official landmarks list.

198

Inner City Press  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in the South Bronx, the Inner City Press has been publishing a newspaper focused on low-income neighborhoods nationwide since 1987. A few months ago, the organization went online with a weekly publication featuring original and engaging investigative and analytical pieces from a selection of beats, including the Federal Reserve, Community Reinvestment, Insurance Redlining, Wall Street, Environmental Justice, and Banks, among others. The most recent issue (August 30) includes concise reports on predatory lending, the economic crisis in Ecuador, press leaks and the Federal Reserve, and a round-up of bank news. The site also provides overviews and related resources for Community Reinvestment, the Inner City Public Interest Law Center, Environmental Justice, Insurance Redlining, and related topics.

199

URBZ: User Generated Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The User Generated Cities organization (URBZ) "facilitates the production and exchange of information, knowledge, ideas and practices towards better cities for all." With offices in Mumbai and Geneva, URBZ deploys a variety of web-based tools "for the production and sharing of information by residents and stakeholders." On their homepage, visitors can read postings from staff members on the construction of multi-story buildings in the developing world and sustainable architecture design charrettes. Moving on, visitors can learn more about URBZ by clicking on the "Workshops" section. Here they will find diagrams and explanations of URBZ's design philosophy and their work with local communities. Interested parties can also sign up here to receive email updates and to learn more about their upcoming events.

200

Vatican City State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On February 11, 1929 the Vatican City State was inaugurated with the signing of the Lateran Accords. With its motto, "A small territory with a great mission", the State is celebrating its 80th anniversary with a number of celebrations this year. This very fine site brings together a veritable cornucopia of information about the Vatican City State, including information about its governance structure, monuments, and philatelic culture. Visitors can start their journey by looking at webcams that provide a top-notch view of St. Peter's Square and the Governorate Palace. Moving on, visitors can also click on the "History" section to learn about the long history of the Vatican, and how the term has been used over the millennia. Visitors can also listen in to Vatican Radio, and check up on official news releases from the Vatican Information Service.

201

Raleigh: A Capital City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The story of the United States is told in many different ways, and the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places offers a number of compelling online tours that allow visitors entry into many of the historic sites scattered around the country. This very nice online tour focuses on Raleigh, N.C., and was commissioned in partnership with the City of Raleigh and a number of related units of government. The tour presented on this site highlights 48 historic places, and includes the city's Victorian neighborhoods and some of the more quotidian commercial buildings around the area. Visitors can navigate these sites through a series of interactive maps, or by a comprehensive list that provides information about the historical significance of each structure or feature of the built environment. The site also contains a number of thematic essays that deal with different stages of the city's development, such as suburbanization. The site is rounded out by a selection of additional links to other online resources on Raleigh history and tourism, along with a select bibliography of relevant works.

202

The Inner City 100 (2001)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New from Inc.com and the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City, the Inner City 100 highlights 100 of the fastest growing urban businesses in the US. According to Michael Porter, Harvard Business School professor and founder of the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City, "When we started this, I thought we could reverse a lot of bad policies and bad perceptions that have prevented the inner cities from having a place in the economy. I never dreamed the inner city would become a window onto the future of the economy." Along with the listings, this site contains several articles on a variety of related topics including a story on Ahead Headgear, a hat embroiderer in New Bedford, MA rated number one in the Inner City 100; the Inner City 100 Almanac for information about the businesses that made the survey; as well as an article on comeback markets.

203

Large cities are less green  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study how urban quality evolves as a result of carbon dioxide emissions as urban agglomerations grow. We employ a bottom-up approach combining two unprecedented microscopic data on population and carbon dioxide emissions in the continental US. We first aggregate settlements that are close to each other into cities using the City Clustering Algorithm (CCA) defining cities beyond the administrative boundaries. Then, we use data on CO2 emissions at a fine geographic scale to determine the total emissions of each city. We find a superlinear scaling behavior, expressed by a power-law, between CO2 emissions and city population with average allometric exponent ? = 1.46 across all cities in the US. This result suggests that the high productivity of large cities is done at the expense of a proportionally larger amount of emissions compared to small cities. Furthermore, our results are substantially different from those obtained by the standard administrative definition of cities, i.e. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Specifically, MSAs display isometric scaling emissions and we argue that this discrepancy is due to the overestimation of MSA areas. The results suggest that allometric studies based on administrative boundaries to define cities may suffer from endogeneity bias.

Oliveira, Erneson A.; Andrade, José S.; Makse, Hernán A.

2014-02-01

204

Large cities are less green.  

PubMed

We study how urban quality evolves as a result of carbon dioxide emissions as urban agglomerations grow. We employ a bottom-up approach combining two unprecedented microscopic data on population and carbon dioxide emissions in the continental US. We first aggregate settlements that are close to each other into cities using the City Clustering Algorithm (CCA) defining cities beyond the administrative boundaries. Then, we use data on CO2 emissions at a fine geographic scale to determine the total emissions of each city. We find a superlinear scaling behavior, expressed by a power-law, between CO2 emissions and city population with average allometric exponent ? = 1.46 across all cities in the US. This result suggests that the high productivity of large cities is done at the expense of a proportionally larger amount of emissions compared to small cities. Furthermore, our results are substantially different from those obtained by the standard administrative definition of cities, i.e. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Specifically, MSAs display isometric scaling emissions and we argue that this discrepancy is due to the overestimation of MSA areas. The results suggest that allometric studies based on administrative boundaries to define cities may suffer from endogeneity bias. PMID:24577263

Oliveira, Erneson A; Andrade, José S; Makse, Hernán A

2014-01-01

205

Fragg Virus - Kinetic City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Fragg Virus is a learning module centered learning the importance of systems; it is a part of the Kinetic City-Mission to Vearth site. In general this module is concerned with how different parts work within a system. The Fragg Virus module is equipped with a computer simulation mind game, creative writing exercises for independent study, and art-centered exercises, as well as lesson plans for hands on games and activities designed for a group. The focus of the activities is evolution and the features of an animal that helps the animal survive in its environment. Certain features explored are the giraffes neck, polar bears fir, and a birds beak.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (;)

2008-04-17

206

CityGML - Interoperable semantic 3D city models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CityGML is the international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) for the representation and exchange of 3D city models. It defines the three-dimensional geometry, topology, semantics and appearance of the most relevant topographic objects in urban or regional contexts. These definitions are provided in different, well-defined Levels-of-Detail (multiresolution model). The focus of CityGML is on the semantical aspects of 3D city models, its structures, taxonomies and aggregations, allowing users to employ virtual 3D city models for advanced analysis and visualization tasks in a variety of application domains such as urban planning, indoor/outdoor pedestrian navigation, environmental simulations, cultural heritage, or facility management. This is in contrast to purely geometrical/graphical models such as KML, VRML, or X3D, which do not provide sufficient semantics. CityGML is based on the Geography Markup Language (GML), which provides a standardized geometry model. Due to this model and its well-defined semantics and structures, CityGML facilitates interoperable data exchange in the context of geo web services and spatial data infrastructures. Since its standardization in 2008, CityGML has become used on a worldwide scale: tools from notable companies in the geospatial field provide CityGML interfaces. Many applications and projects use this standard. CityGML is also having a strong impact on science: numerous approaches use CityGML, particularly its semantics, for disaster management, emergency responses, or energy-related applications as well as for visualizations, or they contribute to CityGML, improving its consistency and validity, or use CityGML, particularly its different Levels-of-Detail, as a source or target for generalizations. This paper gives an overview of CityGML, its underlying concepts, its Levels-of-Detail, how to extend it, its applications, its likely future development, and the role it plays in scientific research. Furthermore, its relationship to other standards from the fields of computer graphics and computer-aided architectural design and to the prospective INSPIRE model are discussed, as well as the impact CityGML has and is having on the software industry, on applications of 3D city models, and on science generally.

Gröger, Gerhard; Plümer, Lutz

2012-07-01

207

Sioux City History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Sioux City History website is billed as "your link to the past", and it does not fail to deliver on this promise. The site offers up snippets of the town's past, drawing on historic photographs, oral histories, and other documents. On the homepage, visitors will note eight primary sections, such as "Notable People", "Transportation", and "Arts & Leisure". First-time visitors should click on the "Arts & Leisure" area to start their journey. Here they will find essays and images that tell the stories of Riverside Park, community theatre, and the local legends who performed in the Monahan Post Band after World War I. To gain a better understanding of the role played by corn in local history and culture, visitors shouldn't miss the "Corn Palace" area. It's a tribute to the five grand corn palaces that graced the city from 1887 to 1891 as a symbol of agricultural prominence and boosterism. Finally, visitors can also look over a selection of oral histories and make use of the search engine here.

208

City-Management - Eine Erfolgsstory?!  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seit geraumer Zeit wird das Thema Innenstadt kontrovers diskutiert. Neben dem Niedergang der City und der Konkurrenz zur "Grünen Wiese" werden zugleich die europäische urbane Stadt heraufbeschworen und zahlreiche Aktivitäten zur (Re-)Vitalisierung unternommen. Von privaten Initiativen, Händlergemeinschaften über public-private-partnership-Projekte, wie z.B. Ab in die Mitte" in Nordrhein-Westfalen, bis zum städtischen City-Manager und Landesförderung für Innenstadtprojekte reicht das Repertoire. City-Management ist dabei ein wesentliches Instrument. Wie City-Management in Deutschland aussieht und wie es sich entwickelt, zeigt der folgende Beitrag.

Kuron, Irene

2002-03-01

209

Salt Lake City, Utah  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 2002 Winter Olympics are hosted by Salt Lake City at several venues within the city, in nearby cities, and within the adjacent Wasatch Mountains. This simulated natural color image presents a late spring view of north central Utah that includes all of the Olympic sites. The image extends from Ogden in the north, to Provo in the south; and includes the snow-capped Wasatch Mountains and the eastern part of the Great Salt Lake.

This image was acquired on May 28, 2000 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18,1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, a long-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth's land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

Size: 63.5 x 123.3 km (38.1 x 74 miles) Location: 40.7 deg. North lat., 111.9 deg. West long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER bands 1,2, and 3. Original Data Resolution: 15 m Date Acquired: May 28, 2000

2001-01-01

210

Kansas City Hopewell  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2003, the University of Kansas Museum of Anthropology was awarded a Digital Library Initiatives grant for a project that would result in this rather useful and interesting digitization project. The hope was that the museum would be able to digitize some of the excellent collection of material recovered from the 30 Kansas City Hopewell archaeological sites that are located around the junction of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers. Most of the sites date to the Middle Woodland or Early Ceramic period, which ranges from 100 B.C. to 700 A.D. One of the fine features of this site is the 3D images area, which includes 32 excavated items that visitors may view in their entirety. The site is rounded out by a selection of helpful suggested readings and a collection of external links to sites such as those of the Society for American Archaeology and ArchNet.

211

Shaping Livable Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Thinking about policy solutions for urban regions is a great deal easier than actually putting them into action, and that is why this latest report from The International Development Research Centre in Canada is most welcome. This recently released 36-page report starts off with this important sentence: "They [cities] are engines of economic growth and cultural prosperity, but they are also centres of pollution and poverty." Divided into three substantive chapters, the report provides specific case studies of various urban innovations, such as Beijing's urban agriculture initiatives and a program designed to integrate agriculture into municipal planning in Kampala, Uganda. Other studies draw on experiences in Vancouver, Hyderabad, and Managua. Overall, the report is well written and may be of great interest to persons in the fields of international development as well as scholars interested in evaluating such programs.

Taboulchanas, Kristina

2006-01-01

212

Assimilation in multilingual cities Javier Ortega  

E-print Network

Assimilation in multilingual cities Javier Ortega City University London, CEP (LSE), CReAM, and IZA into the city majority language. We show that official minority members (i.e. francophones in English-speaking cities and anglophones in French-speaking cities) assimilate less than the "allophones" (the individuals

213

Kid-Friendly Cities Report Card, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the health and wellbeing of children in the United States' largest cities, covering every city with a population of 100,000 or more, as well as the largest cities in states without any cities of this size. Research shows that many cities are becoming more child-friendly, with better access to good education, jobs, and health…

Polansky, Lee S., Ed.

2001-01-01

214

PGDC: Parallel Generation of Digital City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital cities are paid more and more attentions on for they are expected to make life, business, travel, city planning and so on more convenient and more effective. Existing digital cities are generated based on serial computing. However, in serial computing the speed of generating a digital city is so slow that digital cities can not update in sync with

Dingju Zhu; Jianping Fan

2008-01-01

215

Measuring and Comparing World Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measuring and Comparing World Cities studies the economic performance of a shortlist of 27 cities, as estimated by seven sources. The article reproduces, in citable form and, for scholarly purposes, the report of the same name produced by the author for the Greater London Authority. The report finds that estimates of even the most basic indicators, such as the level

Alan Freeman

2004-01-01

216

Educating Cities in Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the development of educating cities from a political perspective, illustrating in detail the diversity of organisations and individuals involved and the challenges they are facing. Bearing in mind that educating cities were established from the 1990s onwards in Europe and spread to other continents from there, the purpose of…

Messina, Graciela; Valdés-Cotera, Raúl

2013-01-01

217

Aerial view of a city  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When a city is built, habitat and most organisms living in it are killed or forced to flee. Cities use a lot of energy and water and create a tremendous amount of waste and runoff. Development is the biggest source of pollution.

Katie Hale (California State University, Fullerton;Student, Biological Sciences)

2007-01-12

218

Designing an Ecologically Sound City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is intended to make students aware of the need to respect their environment and its natural resources. They will apply that knowledge in developing an "ecologically sound" city. Using an outline, they will design a city that has ecological laws, power source(s) for lights and heat, a river, two industries, and homes for its population.

1998-01-01

219

Pollution Parameters in Asian Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cities are the core of environmental problems. One such problem is air pollution, a diseconomy of urban areas. Although the majority of the population identifies air pollution with the advent of the industrial revolution, such problems have been plaguing cities around the globe for centuries. Air pollution does not emanate only from local sources. The atmosphere has no borders and

JOHN E. BENHART

220

Half the world in cities.  

PubMed

City planners have exacerbated the problems connected with urbanization in Third World countries. Lower socioeconomic groups have moved from rural areas to the cities because they see greater employment, educational, and health opportunities there. These poor people must be provided for in the cities. But provision for these people cannot include allowing pollution and congestion to fester. Neither will urban renewal which merely displaces the poor (who, in fact, provide necessary services for the city) answer the problem. City managers do not pay enough attention to the poorer, more congested areas of their cities. Zoning policies actually seem to be outmoded and to do harm to city populations by increasing the time required for people to shop and commute to work. The walled city of Delhi, India, is cited as an example of a settlement where the population's convenience has been considered. Regulations must be changed to facilitate land ownership by the poorer groups. These practical policies are preferable to bulldozer or rural migration bans. PMID:12336290

Souza, J B

1980-06-01

221

Ruined Cities of Central America  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN the summary of the proceedings of the late meeting of the British Association, in the issue of NATURE for August 31, is an abstract of a paper by Captain L. Brine, R.N., On the Ruined Cities of Central America. The gallant captain is wrong in stating that the existence of these ruined cities was unknown until within a comparatively

E. Geo. Squier

1871-01-01

222

Petra: Lost City of Stone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site, created to complement the Petra: Lost City of Stone exhibit, looks at this once flourishing city in the heart of the ancient Near East. Although the exhibit is now closed, the web site contains a wealth of information about Petra.

223

Educating cities in Latin America  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article considers the development of educating cities from a political perspective, illustrating in detail the diversity of organisations and individuals involved and the challenges they are facing. Bearing in mind that educating cities were established from the 1990s onwards in Europe and spread to other continents from there, the purpose of this article is to demonstrate how this proposal was adopted in Latin America. After discussing the basic aims of educating cities, the paper focuses on the Latin American experience, giving examples of existing projects within the educating cities initiative. The authors are particularly interested in the contrast between the political intentions of educating cities on the one hand and the social, economic, political and cultural world on the other hand. They observe that in this context there is a danger of the individual being forgotten, which contradicts the actual intention of the educating city concept. They also discuss the problem of who should carry out the realisation of educating cities and how the various stakeholders might coordinate their actions. Contemplating new directions at the end of their paper, the authors sum up a number of guidelines and offer recommendations for action in developing educating cities.

Messina, Graciela; Valdés-Cotera, Raúl

2013-09-01

224

Walt Disney World: City Hall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disguised as the City Hall in the Magic Kingdom is Walt Disney World’s Guest Services. Here you can receive the daily entertainment schedule as well as check for the location and times that certain characters appear in the park. At several times throughout the day, Mickey and friends gather in front of the City Hall for meeting and autograph signing.

Chet Smolski

1978-01-01

225

Gallup Interactives: City Wellbeing Tracking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This tool allows the user to select a state and city and compare it on a number of measures from the Gallup Healthways Wellbeing Index to other cities of a similar size through the US.  Data can be viewed by year and the created chart can be saved.

Gallup

226

Planning for a City's Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan asks students to consider how knowledge of geography and history can help prepare for the future. Students will research the geography and history of a city and write reports explaining how city leaders can use this information to plan for the future.

227

76 FR 18753 - City of Springfield, Illinois, City Water, Light and Power; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EL11-31-000] City of Springfield, Illinois, City Water, Light and Power; Notice of Filing Take notice that on March 24, 2011, The City of Springfield, Illinois, City Water, Light and Power (CWLP), filed its proposed rate schedule,...

2011-04-05

228

78 FR 23869 - Safety Zone; Redwood City 4th of July Fireworks Show; Port of Redwood City, Redwood City, CA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...33 CFR Part 165 [Docket No. USCG-2013-0033] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Redwood City 4th of July Fireworks Show; Port of Redwood City, Redwood City, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed...

2013-04-23

229

78 FR 23866 - Safety Zone; Crescent City 4th of July Fireworks; Crescent City Harbor, Crescent City, CA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...33 CFR Part 165 [Docket No. USCG-2013-0076] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Crescent City 4th of July Fireworks; Crescent City Harbor, Crescent City, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed...

2013-04-23

230

Garden City Schools' Media Centers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Welcome to Garden City Public Schools Media Centers Web Pages. The Goal of the Garden City Public Schools' Media Centers is to provide access to information to students, staff, and community in both print and electronic formats. Our goal is to instill the importance of not only reading but also of information and technology literacy skills. High School Media Resource Center Media Specialist: Ms. Nancy Schultz-Speck; Librarian Paraprofessional: Mrs. Carol Garrett; 6500 Middlebelt Road, Garden City, MI 48135 (734) 762-8350 ext. 221 Email: schultn@gardencityschools.com MRC HOURS: 7am until 2:20pm - MRC Schedule Garden City Middle School Media Center Media Specialist:; 1851 Radcliff, Garden City, MI 48135 (734) 762-8400 District s Online Catalog - Destiny - Access the OPAC to ...

Schultz, Ms.

2007-03-26

231

Healthy Cities: a guide to the literature.  

PubMed Central

The author reviews the literature on attempts by city governments, international agencies, and nongovernmental and community organizations to improve city life around the world through Healthy Cities projects. PMID:10968770

Kenzer, M

2000-01-01

232

Gateway Antarctica's Christchurch City Council Antarctic Scholarship  

E-print Network

Gateway Antarctica's Christchurch City Council Antarctic Scholarship The Christchurch City Council by Antarctica New Zealand. 1. The Scholarship will be known as the Christchurch City Council Antarctic Scholarship and administered by Gateway Antarctica, the Centre for Antarctic Studies and Research

Hickman, Mark

233

City Hall plazas : they're different  

E-print Network

This essay explores the form, goals, and ideals behind city hall plazas by asking the questions: What is the difference between a city hall plaza and any other urban plaza? What are the uses intended by the city in the ...

Hall, Kristen E. (Kristen Elizabeth)

2008-01-01

234

Nature in the City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nature in the City is a project of the Earth Island Institute, and is "wholly dedicated to ecological conservation, restoration and stewardship of the [San] Franciscan bioregion." Their website's "About" section gives a thorough explanation of not only their goals, as well as a definition of nature. Furthermore, this section provides some philosophical insight into what exactly "urban nature" happens to be. Those visitors interested in a more visceral tour of San Francisco should check out the "Photo Gallery" link, and they should be sure to check out the "Natural Areas" album to view some eerie-looking oak woodlands in Golden Gate Park. Additionally, visitors to the site who are interested in the life that teems on Alcatraz Island will enjoy file number fourteen which includes an image of roosting double-crested cormorants on a dramatic hillside. Finally the "Local Ecology" link has an explanation of the "Biodiversity Crisis" in San Francisco, which can be attributed to ecological, political, institutional, social and cultural factors.

235

CITY OF CORONA OFFICE OF THE CITY CLERK  

E-print Network

FOR CORONA DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER IN FURTHERANCE OF RESOLUTION NO. 2012-013 AND AUTHORIZING THE TAKING call the Corona Department of Water and Power (DWP) at (951) 736-2232. Lisa Mobley, Chief Deputy City

236

The backbone of a city  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent studies have revealed the importance of centrality measures to analyze various spatial factors affecting human life in cities. Here we show how it is possible to extract the backbone of a city by deriving spanning trees based on edge betweenness and edge information. By using as sample cases the cities of Bologna and San Francisco, we show how the obtained trees are radically different from those based on edge lengths, and allow an extended comprehension of the “skeleton” of most important routes that so much affects pedestrian/vehicular flows, retail commerce vitality, land-use separation, urban crime and collective dynamical behaviours.

Scellato, S.; Cardillo, A.; Latora, V.; Porta, S.

2006-03-01

237

Organization of World Heritage Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cities around the world have served as the primary repositories for human culture, innovation, and diversity for millennia, so it makes sense that there is a worldwide organization dedicated to some of these important historic places. Founded in 1993, the Organization of World Heritage Cities (OWHC) consists of 208 cities, which have a combined population of 125 million. Some of their programs include symposia and seminars dealing with the management, development, and preservation of historic sites, along with creating an active and vibrant network among these places. In the section titled âÂÂThe Preservation ChallengeâÂÂ, visitors can read some of the key documents dealing with the organization, along with information on their current initiatives. Visitors may also find out about the various cities that are part of the organization, such as Damascus, Tunis, and Galle. Finally, the site also contains registration and program material for the 8th OWHC World Symposium 2005, which will be held in Cuzco, Peru.

238

75 FR 11580 - Florida Power Corporation, City of Alachua, City of Bushnell, City of Gainesville, City of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and City of Orlando, Seminole Electric Cooperative, Inc., Crystal River Unit 3 Nuclear Generating Plant; Receipt of Request...Commission (NRC) take action with regard to the licensee for the Crystal River Unit 3 Nuclear Generating Plant (CR-3). The...

2010-03-11

239

Great Cities Institute Faculty Scholar  

E-print Network

and Procedures When Substance Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence Co-Occur Great Cities Institute College Domestic Violence Court and community- based agencies focusing on substance abuse treatment and domestic

Illinois at Chicago, University of

240

SmartCity Mobile Application  

E-print Network

· Emergency Management Widget · Users report their current situation. · Emergency Management Widget · City can time. · Emergency Management and Response · Using a variety of crowd sourcing, develop a picture

Kamberov, George

241

Great Cities Institute Faculty Scholar  

E-print Network

-movement social struggles in Latin America in the 1980s to street corner organizing in U.S. cities today. rough York Times, Wall Street Journal, Time, Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, CNN, BBC

Illinois at Chicago, University of

242

City of Bryan Community Wildfire  

E-print Network

City of Bryan Community Wildfire Protection Plan 2013 A collaborative approach to protecting lives. Eric Wallace, a member of the Community Wildfire Protection Plan working group, and Lt. Greg Pickard

Behmer, Spencer T.

243

Vision of a smart city.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The vision of 'Smart Cities' is the urban center of the future, made safe, secure environmentally green, and efficient because all structures--whether for power, water, transportation, etc. are designed, constructed, and maintained making use of advanced,...

R. E. Hall, B. Bowerman, J. Braverman, J. Taylor, H. Todosow, U. Von Wimmersperg

2000-01-01

244

The self-aware city  

E-print Network

This thesis explores the idea of real-time urban space management. While increasing amounts of real-time information about the city, specifically the location of people and resources, appear, it becomes necessary to explore ...

Sevtsuk, Andres

2006-01-01

245

Industry and the smart city  

Microsoft Academic Search

These days, U.S. city planning exudes an audacious air. The suburban sprawl that has dominated U.S. development since the Second World War is under assault from a multitude of policy makers and activists bent on protecting the environment and revitalizing city life. Rallying to varied watchwords—smart growth, new urbanism, sustainable development, green development, livable communities, traditional neighborhood development—the insurgent urbanists

Zelda Bronstein

2009-01-01

246

Female city officials in Texas  

E-print Network

helpful and supplied me with voting records essential to my investigation. For these services, I am grateful. Vli TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION ~ ~ ~ ~ Participation of Women in Local Government. Societal Forces Affecting the Female Role... family structure and ethnicity had upon support for a female candidate, a case study was made of a Texas city in which a woman was elected to a policymaking position in the city government structure. Precinct voting records were examined to ascertain...

Polly, Jayne Doyle

2012-06-07

247

Mexico City Theater, Summer 1998  

E-print Network

FALL 1998 149 Mexico City Theatre - Summer 1998 Timothy G. Compton As the summer 1998 theatre season in Mexico City attests, despite political corruption, street violence, economic crises, wildfires, pollution, the Chiapas standoff, and even a.... Ultimately, Fray Servando returned to Mexico and saw his country independent, but ruled by power-hungry, corrupt people. The tone of "I gave my entire life for this?" was particularly poignant and pertinent given the difficulties with which modern Mexico...

Compton, Timothy G.

1998-10-01

248

Network Structure and City Size  

PubMed Central

Network structure varies across cities. This variation may yield important knowledge about how the internal structure of the city affects its performance. This paper systematically compares a set of surface transportation network structure variables (connectivity, hierarchy, circuity, treeness, entropy, accessibility) across the 50 largest metropolitan areas in the United States. A set of scaling parameters are discovered to show how network size and structure vary with city size. These results suggest that larger cities are physically more inter-connected. Hypotheses are presented as to why this might obtain. This paper then consistently measures and ranks access to jobs across 50 US metropolitan areas. It uses that accessibility measure, along with network structure variables and city size to help explain journey-to-work time and auto mode share in those cities. A 1 percent increase in accessibility reduces average metropolitan commute times by about 90 seconds each way. A 1 percent increase in network connectivity reduces commute time by 0.1 percent. A 1 percent increase in accessibility results in a 0.0575 percent drop in auto mode share, while a 1 percent increase in treeness reduces auto mode share by 0.061 percent. Use of accessibility and network structure measures is important for planning and evaluating the performance of network investments and land use changes. PMID:22253764

Levinson, David

2012-01-01

249

Sustainable Development of the Learning City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kaunas is the second largest city in Lithuania and has strong links with its large rural hinterland. Working from the ideas and examples in "Learning Cities for a Learning Century," (Longworth, 1999) and through contact with other cities that have already implemented lifelong learning concepts, the city has, since 2001, started out on the journey…

Juceviciene, Palmira

2010-01-01

250

Urban Mobility in Russian cities Perspectives for  

E-print Network

Conference Urban Mobility in Russian cities Perspectives for sustainable urban and transport other cities � in Russia and abroad - and how could they be adopted for the situation in the Siberian city? Which requirements do exist? The conference brings experts from Irkutsk, other Russian cities

Stein, Oliver

251

Application of Parallel Computing in Digital City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital cities are paid more and more attentions on for they are expected to make life, business, travel, city planning and so on more convenient and more effective. Existing digital cities are based on serial computing. However, the speed of the applications of digital city in serial computing is so slow that the applications can not run in real time

Dingju Zhu; Jianping Fan

2008-01-01

252

THE SMART CITY INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT & MONITORING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The smart city infrastructure is the introductory step for establishing the overall smart city framework and architecture. Very few smart cities are recently established across the world. Some examples are: Dubai, Malta, Kochi (India), Singapore. The scope of these cities is mainly limited to construct a technology park converting the industrial real estate to state of the art information technology

Mahmoud AL-HADER; Ahmad RODZI

2009-01-01

253

The State of the Cities, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second annual report on the condition of U.S. cities outlines the challenges for cities if the United States is to reach its full potential in the 21st century. Data from many sources reveal three major findings: (1) cities are fiscally and economically the strongest they have been in a decade; (2) cities still face the triple threat of…

Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC. Office of Policy Development and Research.

254

City of Soda Springs energy plan  

SciTech Connect

Soda Springs is a community of 4051 people located in southeastern Idaho. The City is planning to become a power sales customer of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and establish a City electrical department. To fulfill requirements and to better serve the City's consumers, the Mayor and City Council submitted a proposal for grant funds from BPA to develop a community energy plan for Soda Springs. The City was awarded a grant and this report is the final product of the planning process.

Not Available

1983-09-01

255

Higher Order City Voronoi Diagrams  

E-print Network

We investigate higher-order Voronoi diagrams in the city metric. This metric is induced by quickest paths in the L1 metric in the presence of an accelerating transportation network of axis-parallel line segments. For the structural complexity of kth-order city Voronoi diagrams of n point sites, we show an upper bound of O(k(n - k) + kc) and a lower bound of {\\Omega}(n + kc), where c is the complexity of the transportation network. This is quite different from the bound O(k(n - k)) in the Euclidean metric. For the special case where k = n - 1 the complexity in the Euclidean metric is O(n), while that in the city metric is {\\Theta}(nc). Furthermore, we develop an O(k^2(n + c) log n)-time iterative algorithm to compute the kth-order city Voronoi diagram and an O(nc log^2(n + c) log n)-time divide-and-conquer algorithm to compute the farthest-site city Voronoi diagram.

Gemsa, Andreas; Liu, Chih-Hung; Wagner, Dorothea

2012-01-01

256

Kinetic City - Mission to Vearth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Kinetic City" is a fun, Web-based after-school science club for kids, ages 8 through 11. It combines exciting online animations and activities with boxes of hands-on science experiments. Children earn "Kinetic City" power points and collect stickers as they complete missions and learn standards-based science content. Here's how it works: The "Kinetic City" super crew (Keisha, Curtis, Megan and Max) needs the help of Earth kids to save their planet Vearth, from the science-distorting computer virus Deep Delete. Each of Deep Delete's 60 hideous strains attacks a different area of science with disastrous consequences. After each attack, teams of Earth kids fight back by viewing a short online animation describing the situation on Vearth; performing a series of activities to re-learn the lost science and going on a mission to Vearth during which they answer science questions and gobble up Deep Delete viruses. Their scores appear on their own Kinetic City Club Web page. "Kinetic City" is produced by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), with a grant from the National Science Foundation. AAAS writes the "Project 2061 Benchmarks for Science Literacy," which forms the basis of most state science standards.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS;)

2005-01-01

257

NOVA: Sinking City of Venice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

First aired on November 19, 2002, the Sinking City of Venice is a fascinating episode of the NOVA television series that focuses on the threat of rising tide levels for the exposed Italian city. Venice has many historical treasures and centuries-old architecture, which is forcing the government to turn to engineers for possible solutions to safeguard the city. A very ambitious proposal that is currently being considered involves massive underwater gates that rise in times of dangerously high tides. A five-minute video given on this Web site illustrates how the gates will work. An interactive map of the region shows hazards stemming from manmade and natural causes. Educators can find a few activities to introduce students to human environmental control.

2002-01-01

258

Creating a "city of art" : evaluating Singapore's vision of becoming a renaissance city  

E-print Network

The arts have been used by many cities as a way to regenerate their urban environments and rejuvenate their economies. In this thesis, I examine an approach in which city-wide efforts are undertaken to create a "city of ...

Lee, Wai Kin, 1975-

2003-01-01

259

Great Cities Institute Faculty Scholar  

E-print Network

courses in medical anthropology focusing on structural violence and the production of health disparities Global Health Goals in sub-Saharan Africa Great Cities Institute College of Urban Planning and Public CUPPAH 400 Severe health worker shortages constrain the quality of antenatal care in sub- Saharan Africa

Illinois at Chicago, University of

260

The Cultural Economy of Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasingly important fraction of contemporary economic activity is devoted to the production of cultural outputs, i.e. goods and services with high levels of aesthetic or semiotic content. This kind of economic activity is especially, and increasingly, associated with a number of large cities scattered over the globe. A conceptual account of this phenomenon is provided on the basis of

Allen J. Scott

1997-01-01

261

GREAT CITIES SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TO COMPENSATE FOR THE EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEPRIVATION, A NUMBER OF LARGE CITIES HAVE DEVELOPED PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN. CERTAIN ASSUMPTIONS AND PRINCIPLES MUST BE ACCEPTED BEFORE THE PROGRAMS CAN MATERIALIZE. IN BUFFALO, TEACHERS ARE REVISING CURRICULUM FOR THE CULTURALLY DEPRIVED IN LANGUAGE ARTS, MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE, AND SOCIAL…

SALTZMAN, HENRY

262

The Impact of City Connects  

E-print Network

The Impact of City Connects Progress Report 2014 Boston College Center for Optimized Student concluded that students' socioeconomic and home background are significant factors affecting academic Team is following the elementary school students once they leave the intervention and enter middle

Huang, Jianyu

263

The Impact of City Connects  

E-print Network

The Impact of City Connects Progress Report 2012 Boston College Center for Optimized Student concluded that students' socioeconomic and home background are significant factors affecting academic Team is following the elementary school students once they leave the intervention and enter middle

Huang, Jianyu

264

VOCS IN MEXICO CITY AIR  

EPA Science Inventory

Mexico City, with nearly 20 million people, 3 million vehicles, and 35,000 industrial businesses, has severe photochemical air pollution. he 0, standard of 0.11 ppm is exceeded over 300 days of the year. ecause of the role of VOCs in the production of ozone, a study of the concen...

265

Can City Schools Be Saved?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An unnatural, selective school crisis envelopes the poor, the cities, and Latino and African American communities. Structures of privilege and oppression apparent in the larger society are mirrored in schools. The perspectives of principal Deborah Meier, novelist Toni Morrison, and poet Adrienne Rich lend credence to empowerment and…

Ayers, William

1994-01-01

266

Bug City: Ladybugs & Fireflies [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Bug City" is a video series created to help children (grades 1-6) learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon, including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic…

1998

267

Bug City: Aquatic Insects [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Bug City" is a video series created to help children learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic photography, fun…

1998

268

North City Water Reclamation Plant  

E-print Network

North City Water Reclamation Plant Maja Caroee Diana Lee Niko Salvador #12;What is Water Reclamation? Water Reclamation is the process of treating wastewater to be suitable for reuse Not Suitable Planning for Water Reclamation ProgramPlanning for Water Reclamation Program Late 1980's Construction began

Prevedouros, Panos D.

269

Jamaicans in New York City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses reasons behind the large influx of Jamaicans into New York City, and discusses their attitudes, experiences, and plans. Predicts that despite the hardships Jamaicans encounter in New York (cold weather, prejudice, and crime), economic opportunities available will cause most of them to stay rather than return to their native land. (GC)

Foner, Nancy

1984-01-01

270

Reinventing the Johannesburg inner city  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the discovery of the Witwatersrand gold reef in 1886, the city of Johannesburg became, within a very short period of time, the financial and commercial hub of sub-Saharan Africa. It maintained this position throughout the earlier half of the twentieth century in the face of increasing opposition to the apartheid political system. By the late 1980s, however, this had

Lindsay Bremner

2000-01-01

271

The City and the Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social sciences have generally ignored the motor car and its awesome consequences for social life, especially in their analysis of the urban. Urban studies in particular has failed to consider the overwhelming impact of the automobile in transforming the time-space 'scapes' of the modern urban\\/suburban dweller. Focusing on forms of mobility into, across and through the city, we consider

Mimi Sheller; John Urry

2000-01-01

272

Deer Tracks in the City?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Why would a deer print be in the city?" wondered a student. She had noticed the track near a grocery store that morning with her mother. She was familiar with deer and had noticed their prints on a trip to a local museum; however, she had never seen a de

Rodriguez, Antonia; Quigley, Cassie F.; Buck, Gayle; Riggs, Morgan; Beeman-Cadwallader, Nicole

2009-10-01

273

Heritage contribution in sustainable city  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concept of sustainability has been an integral part of development work since the late 1970s. Sustainability is no longer a buzzword but a reality that must be addressed by cities all over the world. Increasing empirical evidence indicates that city sustainability is not just related to technical issues, such as carbon emissions, energy consumption and waste management, or on the economic aspects of urban regeneration and growth, but also it covers social well-being of different groups living within increasingly cosmopolitan towns and cities. Heritage is seen as a major component of quality of life, features that give a city its unique character and provide the sense of belonging that lies at the core of cultural identity. In other words, heritage by providing important social and psychological benefits enrich human life with meanings and emotions, and raise quality of life as a key component of sustainability. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to examine the role that built cultural heritage can play within sustainable urban development.

Rostami, R.; Khoshnava, S. M.; Lamit, H.

2014-02-01

274

Building Inclusive Cities and Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Canada prides itself on being an inclusive country. Immigrants from all over the world arrive in Canada's cities with their families because they feel welcome and safe. According to research, engagement towards social inclusion increased among Canadians during the last 30 last years. These changing values resulted in the creation of official…

Freiler, Christa

2008-01-01

275

ANNUAL REPORT Great Cities Institute  

E-print Network

around partnered, interdisciplinary, high impact work carried out by the faculty scholars, research what constitutes a "healthy city." I am sure you will enjoy this review and I want to emphasize how elsewhere work collaboratively with external partners throughout Chicago and the world to generate the very

Illinois at Chicago, University of

276

Air composition over Siberian cities.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is typical feature of Siberian cities that the quality of the atmosphere significantly depends on the climate conditions. During more than half of year, stable atmospheric stratification dominates over Siberia with temperature inversions, favoring accumulation of pollutants of different origin in the lower atmospheric layers. In addition to severe climatic conditions, modern industrial cities experience increasingly intensifying effect of anthropogenic factors on the environment and human health. Urban conditions give rise to distinct mesoclimates favoring accumulation of pollutants. In this case, natural and anthropogenic systems (power-generating and industrial objects, traffic, etc.) interact very closely. In this paper we present experimental results of the study the local air circulation effect on air composition of industrial cities of Siberian region. In our studies we have used AKV-2 mobile station, designed at the Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS. The instrumentation of the station provides measurements of air temperature and humidity, wind speed and direction, total solar radiation; aerosol number density in two size ranges (0.4-10 microns by use of a modernized AZ-6 optical particle counter, and from 3 to 200 nm with a diffusion spectrometer of aerosols), and concentration of trace gases (NO, NO2, O3, SO2, CO, CO2). In addition to the continuous observations during the station motion, in Angarsk, Usol'e-Sibirskoe, Tulun, Nizhneudinsk, Taishet, Kansk, Krasnoyarsk, and Achinsk, we have carried measurements during stops at the city entry, near center, and at the exit. These observations were aimed to estimate the contribution of urban circulation to impurity accumulation on the city territory and to the change of thermodynamic regime. Such a contribution was found in all of the above-mentioned cities. Maximum of NO concentration is observed at crossroads of the main highways and decreases away from them. It should be noted that the NO distribution almost the same as the distribution of CO, which is also of "automobile engine" origin. In the center of cities where usually impurities are accumulated, concentration of SO2, NO2, CO, and aerosol number density as well are several times higher than in the city periphery. On the contrary, the ozone content in center is much lower. In most of the cases, the urban samples have 2-3 times more chemical elements than the background samples. The total concentrations of PAHs in aerosol matter of the cities varied from 20 to 30 ng/m3. PAH concentrations, as well as the percentage relation between them are determined by the place of aerosol sampling, i.e., by locations of pollution sources. Among the identified PAHs in the public green space and industrial zones of Angarsk, the predominating species are phenanthrene, pyrene, and fluoranthene, whose total amount reaches 80% of the mass of the detected PAHs. In summer, owing to more effective atmospheric ventilation, the effects of local circulation substantially weaken. As a result, a significant pollutant accumulation in the central parts of the cities may not always be detected.

Belan, B. D.; Ivlev, G. A.; Kozlov, A. S.; Marinaite, I. I.; Peneko, V. V.; Simonenkov, D. V.; Fofonov, A. V.; Khodzher, T. V.; Arshinov, M. Yu.

2009-04-01

277

The casino in the communist city  

E-print Network

The casino in the communist city is a contentious place of hidden desires, perceived debauchery and luxury. Accessible only to foreign passport holders, casinos in Ho Chi Minh City (formerly known required by law to be ...

Tran, Jennifer, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

278

HAWAII CITIES WITH 1990 & 2000 POPULATION TOTALS  

EPA Science Inventory

Point locations represent cities with Census 2000 population totals and 1990 Census population totals. Cities represent Census Designated Place (CDP) as classified by the US Bureau of the Census. CDP comprise densely settled concentrations of population that are identifiable by...

279

CALIFORNIA CITIES WITH 1990 & 2000 POPULATION TOTALS  

EPA Science Inventory

Point locations represent cities with Census 2000 population totals and 1990 Census population totals. Cities represent Census Designated Place (CDP) as classified by the US Bureau of the Census. CDP comprise densely settled concentrations of population that are identifiable by...

280

NEVADA CITIES WITH 1990 & 2000 POPULATION TOTALS  

EPA Science Inventory

Point locations represent cities with Census 2000 population totals and 1990 Census population totals. Cities represent Census Designated Place (CDP) as classified by the US Bureau of the Census. CDP comprise densely settled concentrations of population that are identifiable by...

281

ARIZONA CITIES WITH 1990 & 2000 POPULATION TOTALS  

EPA Science Inventory

Point locations represent cities with Census 2000 population totals and 1990 Census population totals. Cities represent Census Designated Place (CDP) as classified by the US Bureau of the Census. CDP comprise densely settled concentrations of population that are identifiable by...

282

Synthetic ecology : revisiting Mexico City's lakes project  

E-print Network

Mexico City was founded 700 years ago on man made islets in the middle of a lake. Today, it faces a contradictory situation were water is running scarce, but simultaneously the city runs the risk of drowning in its own ...

Daou, Daniel (Daou Ornelas)

2011-01-01

283

Adaptation: Cities' response to climate risks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

City-level policies have often been unable to limit natural disaster losses. Research on New York City now shows progress in devising flexible adaptation policies that accept uncertainty about future climate-related risks and work around it.

Aerts, Jeroen; Botzen, Wouter

2014-09-01

284

Witnessing to Faith in the City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a new program entitled Faith in the City created to strengthen and enhance every aspect of Catholic elementary education in Washington's center city, and to find ways to help the schools grow by working together. (YKH)

Callahan, Lawrence S.

1998-01-01

285

City of Temple, Texas. Comprehensive Plan Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The City of Temple's Comprehensive Plan Report contains those final planning elements previously prepared as interim reports. The report serves as a guide for the development of the city's future urban area. Data and plans presented in the comprehensive r...

1972-01-01

286

Water rites : a city stage for Boston  

E-print Network

This thesis focuses on the design of a public theatre for the entire city of Boston, a "city stage." The intention is to explore through design the boundaries of an architectural setting for large scale performance art; ...

Mansfield, Timothy Denton

1990-01-01

287

Extreme Rainfall In A City  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cities contain many structures and activities that are vulnerable to severe weather. Heavy precipitation cause floods which can damage structures, compromise transportation and water supply systems, and slow down economic and social activities. Rain induced flood patterns in cities must be well understood to enable effective placement of flood control and other regulatory measures. The planning goal is not to eliminate all floods but to reduce their frequency and resulting damage. Possible approaches to such planning include probability based extreme event analysis. Precipitation is normally the most variable hydrologic element over a given area. This variability results from the distribution of clouds and in cloud processes in the atmosphere, the storm path, and the distribution of topographical features on the ground along path. Some studies suggest that point rainfall patterns are also affected by urban industrial effects hence some agreement that cities are wetter than the country surrounding them. However, there are still questions regarding the intra- urban distribution of precipitation. The sealed surfaces, urban structures, and the urban heat anomaly increase convection in cities which may enhance the generation of clouds. Increased dust and gaseous aerosols loads are effective condensation and sublimation nuclei which may also enhance the generation of precipitation. Based on these associations, the greatest amount of convection type rainfall should occur at city center. A study of summer rainfall in Calgary showed that frequencies of trace amounts of rainfall and events under 0.2mm are highest downtown than elsewhere. For amounts greater than than 0.2 mm, downtown sites were not favored. The most compelling evidence for urban-industrial precipitation enhancement came from the Metromex project around St. Loius, Missouri where maximum increases of between 5 to 30 per cent in summer rainfall downwind of the city was linked to urbanization and industrialization. The development of small cloud droplets into larger particles requires time. A single thunderstorm cell has a mean development time of about 20 minutes and a life time of around 45 minutes with a mean mind of 10m/s, an air parcel would travel 12 km from the beginning of droplet formation to the first precipitation. That means that the precipitation field is shifted downwind of settlements. It could also explain the the higher frequency of the trace to small amounts observed in Calgary since those events occur under relatively calm weather. Whereas the majority of studies have focused on summer convectional type events, little appears to have been done on the extreme rainfall events on which most structural designs are based. Is there a detectable urban bias in these events? Do urban areas intensify them? What are the implications of point distribution of extreme rainfall events on flood frequency across a city. This paper examines the spatial distribution of the mean annual maximum rainfall event in Calgary, Canada, with a view to determining the relative contribution of geographical setting and urbanisation to point patterns. The data are subsequently maximized to produce maps of probable maximum precipitation for the city. The major results are as follows: (a) position along storm path is the most important variable determining maximum rainfall hazard, (b) higher grounds receive up to seventy percent more maximum rainfall than values based on spatial trend, (c) urban structure and geometry correlate negatively with maximum rainfall intensity, however, (d) zones of maximum flood peaks are found down slope of areas of maximum precipitation increasing flood hazard in the inner city in spite of its lower precipitation. Drainage networks based on point rainfall patterns have proved grossly inadequate for flood mitigation. The new design based on this study recognizes the strong moisture gradients caused by rapid movement of water and other elements down slope. Snow and river flow hazards reflect similar environmental controls.

Nkemdirim, Lawrence

288

Empirical synchronized flow in oversaturated city traffic  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on a study of anonymized GPS probe vehicle traces measured by personal navigation devices in vehicles randomly distributed in city traffic, empirical synchronized flow in oversaturated city traffic has been revealed. It turns out that real oversaturated city traffic resulting from speed breakdown in a city in most cases can be considered random spatiotemporal alternations between sequences of moving queues and synchronized flow patterns in which the moving queues do not occur.

Kerner, Boris S.; Hemmerle, Peter; Koller, Micha; Hermanns, Gerhard; Klenov, Sergey L.; Rehborn, Hubert; Schreckenberg, Michael

2014-09-01

289

Cities and Externalities: A Framework for Measurement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It has been contended in the author's 'Economic Cost of Cities' that the question of the optimum size of a city can be looked upon from two points of view. Either one can be concerned with the welfare of only the residents of a particular city and define ...

H. Genberg

1974-01-01

290

The city and its need for technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An experimental program has been undertaken to explore the process of identifying and transferring newer technology for the benefit of the city. This paper describes the nature of the problems involved in the experiment, some of the areas of supposed commonality with other cities and some of the prerequisites for any city to become involved with technological innovation.

Berkowitz, B. L.

1978-01-01

291

STANFORD REDWOOD CITY INFUSION THERAPY CENTER  

E-print Network

STANFORD REDWOOD CITY INFUSION THERAPY CENTER Stanford Redwood City Infusion Therapy Center 450 that the new Stanford Redwood City Infusion Therapy Center opened on January 6, 2014. This new state expansive views and natural light · Choice of individual or small group infusion pods; private rooms also

Bejerano, Gill

292

49 CFR 372.221 - Twin Cities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Twin Cities. 372.221 Section 372.221 Transportation... Commercial Zones § 372.221 Twin Cities. For the purpose of determining...each of the following combinations of cities shall be considered as a single...

2011-10-01

293

49 CFR 372.221 - Twin Cities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Twin Cities. 372.221 Section 372.221 Transportation... Commercial Zones § 372.221 Twin Cities. For the purpose of determining...each of the following combinations of cities shall be considered as a single...

2013-10-01

294

49 CFR 372.221 - Twin Cities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Twin Cities. 372.221 Section 372.221 Transportation... Commercial Zones § 372.221 Twin Cities. For the purpose of determining...each of the following combinations of cities shall be considered as a single...

2012-10-01

295

34 CURA REPORTER Twin Cities Neighborhood Maps  

E-print Network

34 CURA REPORTER Twin Cities Neighborhood Maps C URA's Community Geographic Information Systems (CGIS) program has delivered training and mapping services to Twin Cities neighborhoods for more than in the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP).1 The September 2011 issue of Twin Cities Metro

Levinson, David M.

296

49 CFR 372.221 - Twin Cities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Twin Cities. 372.221 Section 372.221 Transportation... Commercial Zones § 372.221 Twin Cities. For the purpose of determining...each of the following combinations of cities shall be considered as a single...

2010-10-01

297

Modeling the Spread of Influenza Among Cities  

E-print Network

Cities James M. Hyman and Tara LaForce 10.1 Introduction Every year influenza kills thousands and Preventions (CDC) Epidemiology Branch Office for each of 122 cities in the United States. We analyze this data search for correlations between the number of cases in a city and other epidemiological parameters

Hyman, James "Mac"

298

Zipf'S Law For Cities: An Explanation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zipf's law is a very tight constraint on the class of admissible models of local growth. It says that for most countries the size distribution of cities strikingly fits a power law: the number of cities with populations greater than S is proportional to 1\\/S. Suppose that, at least in the upper tail, all cities follow some proportional growth process

Xavier Gabaix

1999-01-01

299

6, 839877, 2006 Mexico City basin  

E-print Network

ACPD 6, 839­877, 2006 Mexico City basin ventilation and urban plume B. de Foy et al. Title Page Discussions Rapid ventilation of the Mexico City basin and regional fate of the urban plume B. de Foy 1 , J. R is licensed under a Creative Commons License. 839 #12;ACPD 6, 839­877, 2006 Mexico City basin ventilation

Boyer, Edmond

300

NATIONAL COOPERATIVE INNER CITY ASTHMA STUDY (NCICAS)  

EPA Science Inventory

National Cooperative Inner City Asthma Study (NCICAS) Phase I is to identify factors responsible for the rise in asthma among inner-city children aged 4-9 years. NCICAS Phase II is an intervention study aimed at reducing the asthma morbidity of inner city children aged 5-11 years...

301

The Politics of City Planning Simulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research paper presents an analysis of the computer simulation, SimCity, used for an urban city planning class. The data were gathered by actual use of the simulation and an electronic mail network was employed to secure impressions from users of the simulation. SimCity (developed by Maxis) provides the player with rules of human factors,…

Kolson, Kenneth

302

university of The City and Your University  

E-print Network

, health and leisure ­ facilities for the City 10 Helping the City's young people 13 Caring for our City;1 A Welcome from the Lord Mayor of Exeter I welcome this chance for the people of Exeter to find out more, treating employees fairly and with respect. · Top University. Exeter was voted University of the Year 2007

Mumby, Peter J.

303

FOUNDATION FRAMEWORK FOR CITY UNDERGROUND SPATIAL DATA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The foundation framework for underground spatial data aims to establish the platform for the underground spatial data sharing and integrating. The reasons lie in that: a) the long-term development of city construction has accumulated abundant underground spatial data and information; b) the development and utilization of city underground space demands for clear, detailed and visualized comprehensive city underground information. Based

Lei Xu; Lixin Wu; Defu Che; Yun Jiang

304

Dwelling transformations : Santa Ursula, Mexico City  

E-print Network

The colonia popular is one of the most typical types of settlement used in Mexico City, and with some variations in other Latin American cities. Fifty per cent of the urban land in Mexico City is occupied by this type of ...

Andrade-Narvaez, Jorge

1981-01-01

305

Main Entrances Free City Bus Stops  

E-print Network

647 EASBY ROAD A647 A647 25 26 27 B Main Entrances Free City Bus Stops Controlled parking areas Information B Bus Stops B Main Entrances Free City Bus Stops Controlled parking areas (permit holders only B Main Entrances Free City Bus Stops Controlled parking areas (permit holders only)P Visitor car

Magee, Derek

306

Effects of consultation in model cities programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major goal of the Model Cities program is to improve the quality of life for a selected area of a city, usually the poorest area in terms of all indices of unemployment, ill health, poor education, crime and delinquency, substandard housing, and low income. The details of obtaining a Model Cities planning grant is described, as well as the

John R. Barry

1971-01-01

307

City Schools: Lessons from New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a collection of essays by researchers and educators that examine the largest school system in the U.S.--the New York City school system. There are 5 parts with 15 chapters. Part 1, "Education in the City," includes: (1) "Schooling in New York City: The Socioeconomic Context" (Emanuel Tobier) and (2) "Public Schools That Work"…

Ravitch, Diane, Ed.; Viteritti, Joseph P., Ed.

308

Physical Education for Inner City Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-part document addresses problems facing teachers of inner-city secondary students. Part 1 discusses the adverse influences of society on the inner city, and their effects on education and physical education. Part 2 focuses on competencies and expertise needed by physical education instructors to work effectively with inner-city students.…

Ridini, Leonard M.; Madden, John E.

309

City of Manhattan Beach Community Development  

E-print Network

City of Manhattan Beach Community Development Phone: (310) 802-5500 FAX: (310) 802-5501 TDD: (310 Sacramento, Ca. 95814 Attention: Joe Loyer j mloycr@cncrgy.stalc.ca.us Subject: City of Manhattan Beach the City of Manhattan Beach adoption of our local more stringent energy efficiency standards. In accordance

310

Project RICE (Responsive Inner City Education).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project RICE (Responsive Inner City Education) prepared a cadre of 36 teachers drawn from majority and minority populations in 3 inner-city schools in Buffalo (New York) to complement mastery of subject matter with appropriate pedagogical styles. The project was designed to test the hypothesis that minority students in inner-city schools do not…

Mattai, P. Rudy

311

CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK Physics Department  

E-print Network

CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK Physics Department Information for Doctoral Students #12;Views College The Physics Department of the City College of New York is a major par- ticipant in the doctoral Center of the CUNY. The Physics Department of the City College of New York has a long tradi- tion

Lombardi, John R.

312

A Tale of Two Cities Sibren Isaacman  

E-print Network

phones in Los Angeles and New York City to demonstrate different mobility patterns in the two cities in the United States: Los Angeles (LA) and New York (NY). More specifically, we analyze anony- mous recordsA Tale of Two Cities Sibren Isaacman , Richard Becker , Ramón Cáceres , Stephen Kobourov , James

Martonosi, Margaret

313

Intelligent cities: Variable geometries of spatial intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the spatial intelligence of cities, the use of information communication technologies (ICTs) and institutional frameworks that support innovation ecosystems of cities and increase the problem-solving capability of communities and cities. It is based on three case studies on Bletchley Park, Cyberport Hong Kong and Smart Amsterdam, which highlight different architectures of spatial intelligence: (1) orchestration intelligence that

Nicos Komninos

2011-01-01

314

33 CFR 100.911 - Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI. 100.911 Section 100.911 Navigation...SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.911 Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI. (a) Regulated Area...

2013-07-01

315

33 CFR 100.919 - International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI. 100.919 Section 100.919 Navigation...NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.919 International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI. (a) Regulated...

2010-07-01

316

33 CFR 100.919 - International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI. 100.919 Section 100.919 Navigation...NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.919 International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI. (a) Regulated...

2013-07-01

317

33 CFR 100.911 - Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI. 100.911 Section 100.911 Navigation...SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.911 Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI. (a) Regulated Area...

2010-07-01

318

ENVIRONNEMENT URBAIN / URBAN ENVIRONMENT, volume 7, 2013, p. VI VIII ARAB CITIES, SUSTAINABLE CITIES?  

E-print Network

ENVIRONNEMENT URBAIN / URBAN ENVIRONMENT, volume 7, 2013, p. VI à VIII ARAB CITIES, SUSTAINABLE CITIES? CHALLENGES, MOVEMENTS AND TESTING OF NEW URBAN POLICIES SOUTH OF THE MEDITERRANEAN INTRODUCTORY all engaged with these challenges, which are particularly pronounced in cities. As spaces, cities now

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

319

33 CFR 100.911 - Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI. 100.911 Section 100.911 Navigation...SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.911 Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI. (a) Regulated Area...

2012-07-01

320

33 CFR 100.911 - Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI. 100.911 Section 100.911 Navigation...SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.911 Bay City Airshow, Bay City, MI. (a) Regulated Area...

2011-07-01

321

33 CFR 100.919 - International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI. 100.919 Section 100.919 Navigation...NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.919 International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI. (a) Regulated...

2012-07-01

322

A TALE OF TWO (SIMILAR) CITIES: Inferring City Similarity Through Geo-Spatial Query Log Analysis  

E-print Network

A TALE OF TWO (SIMILAR) CITIES: Inferring City Similarity Through Geo-Spatial Query Log Analysis, to examining the complete query stream of very large groups of users ­ the inhabitants of 13,377 cities across the United States. Query logs can be a good representation of the interests of the city's inhabitants

Tomkins, Andrew

323

33 CFR 100.919 - International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI. 100.919 Section 100.919 Navigation...NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.919 International Bay City River Roar, Bay City, MI. (a) Regulated...

2011-07-01

324

78 FR 32556 - Safety Zone; 2013 Ocean City Air Show, Atlantic Ocean; Ocean City, MD  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Zone; 2013 Ocean City Air Show, Atlantic Ocean; Ocean City, MD AGENCY: Coast...on the navigable waters of the Atlantic Ocean in the vicinity of Ocean City...Street and 33rd Street over the Atlantic Ocean in Ocean City, MD. In...

2013-05-31

325

77 FR 22523 - Safety Zone; 2012 Ocean City Air Show; Atlantic Ocean, Ocean City, MD  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Zone; 2012 Ocean City Air Show; Atlantic Ocean, Ocean City, MD AGENCY: Coast...on the navigable waters of the Atlantic Ocean in Ocean City, MD. This action...host an air show event over the Atlantic Ocean in Ocean City, MD. In...

2012-04-16

326

Urban Heat Islands: Hotter Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The issue-focused, peer-reviewed article demonstrates how as cities add roads, buildings, industry, and people heat islands are created in urban areas. Some consequences include:human discomfort and sometimes human health risks, increase in energy use, leading to release of more greenhouse gases, air pollution and increased levels of urban ozone, and higher costs because of greater water and energy use.

Urban Heat Islands (University of Western Ontario;)

2004-11-01

327

Do Cities Affect the Weather?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners explore clouds and how they form. Learners compare the cloud formation in two bottles, one with air freshener and one without, to examine the importance of condensation nuclei. Learners will discover that pollution and dust in cities increase the number of condensation nuclei in the atmosphere, which can affect the local weather. This activity is written as a demonstration for a whole group, but can be conducted by individual learners.

University, Colorado S.

2009-01-01

328

City University of New York  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The City University of New York, New York, USA contains the 19 CUNY colleges. Offers previews of multimedia programs developed by CUNY faculty and links to an innovative gopher containing resources for teaching English as a second language. Featured in the CUNY Multimedia Development Initiative page is "The Art of Renaissance Science," a prototype hypermedia article that explores the interconnections between art and science in Renaissance Italy.

329

Mexico City Theatre: Summer 1999  

E-print Network

significant advances in Mexican theatre.1 UNAM's student strike, which paralyzed its main mammoth campus as well as its satellite campuses and preparatorias, had a definite debilitating impact on the season. All of the theatres in UNAM's main performing... arts complex, which consistently offer some of the country's finest theatre, were closed. Student strikers held protests in many parts of the city, often disrupting traffic, and riot control police maintained a high profile and sobering presence...

Compton, Timothy G.

1999-10-01

330

Cool systems for hot cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

On a hot summer day, Los Angeles, CA, like Baltimore, MD, Phoenix, AZ, Washington, D.C., and Tokyo, Japan, is c. 6-8 degrees F hotter than its surrounding areas. Dark buildings and pavement have replaced urban vegetation in these cities, absorbing more solar heat. The urban heat islands that are created result in increased air-conditioning costs, energy use, and pollution. Scientists

Hashem Akbari; Sarah Bretz

1998-01-01

331

The New York City Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter seeks to examine all 820 incidents involving the use of TASER CEWs by police officers in the New York City Police\\u000a Department (NYPD) over 6.5-year period, January 1, 2002 through May 15, 2007. Drawing from police reports of incidents in\\u000a which an officer used the CEW, the chapter seeks to accomplish several objectives: (1) to track the prevalence

Michael D. White; Justin Ready

332

Mexico City Theatre, Summer 1997  

E-print Network

of the original Galpón in Uruguay who now resides permanently in Mexico City. The role of Malena was played beautifully by Raquel Seoane (Braidot's wife). Qué pronto was essentially a love story - Malena nursed Genaro after he was robbed one night.... This was a poignant, thoughtful play - beautifully done with original music, sweet dialogue, excellent acting, and insight into the difficulties of aging and writing. The set created by Philippe Amand for Fantasía subterránea para mujer y violin simulated...

Compton, Timothy G.

1998-04-01

333

City College of San Francisco  

NSF Publications Database

Consulting Costs, (continued) Note B-3 ? Subcontract Costs CITY COLLEGE OF SAN FRANCISCO National Science Foundation Award Number DUE - 9850325 Schedule of Questioned Costs From September 1, 1998 to September 30, 2001 (Continued) In addition, the College entered into several agreements with consultants to perform certain services for a fixed fee. Note 2: NSF Cost Sharing and Matching The following represents the cost share requirements and actual cost share as of September 30, 2001: Cost ...

334

Floating Cities, Islands and States  

E-print Network

Many small countries are in need of additional territory. They build landfills and expensive artificial islands. The ocean covers 71 per cent of the Earth surface. Those countries (or persons of wealth) starting the early colonization of the ocean may obtain advantages through additional territory or creating their own independent state. An old idea is building a big ship. The best solution to this problem, however, is the provision of floating cities, islands, and states. The author idea is to use for floating cities, islands, and states a cheap floating platform created from a natural ice field taken from the Arctic or Antarctic oceans. These cheap platforms protected by air-film (bottom and sides) and a conventional insulating cover (top) and having a cooling system can exist for an unlimited time. They can be increased in number or size at any time, float in warm oceans, travel to different continents and countries, serve as artificial airports, harbors and other marine improvements, as well as floating cities and industrial bases for virtually any use. Author researches and computes parameters of these ice floating platforms, other methods of building such floating territory, compares them and shows that the offered method is the most cheap and efficient means of ocean colonization.

Alexander Bolonkin

2008-04-04

335

19. SECOND FLOOR, CITY COMMISSION CHAMBERS, DETAIL OF ARCH WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. SECOND FLOOR, CITY COMMISSION CHAMBERS, DETAIL OF ARCH WITH MURAL ON RIGHT OF BENCH, SHOWING PIONEERS AND ATLANTIC CITY SEAL - City Hall, Atlantic & Tennessee Avenues, Atlantic City, Atlantic County, NJ

336

NASA helps reduce city hot spots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When researchers from NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., recently flew a thermal camera, mounted on a NASA aircraft, over Baton Rouge, La., Sacramento, Calif., and Salt Lake City, Utah, they took each city's temperature and produced an image that pinpoints the cities' "hot spots."Now, the researchers are using the images to study what types of surfaces in cities contribute to bubble-like accumulations of hot air, called urban heat islands. The bubbles of hot air develop over cities as naturally vegetated surfaces are replaced with asphalt, concrete, rooftops, and other man-made materials.

Showstack, Randy

337

[WHO Healthy City Initiative in Japan].  

PubMed

City environmental conditions are associated with health outcomes in people living there. World Health Organization (WHO) initiated Healthy City in 1986. To promote the networking, Alliance for Healthy Cities (AFHC) was launched in 2003 with local offices including AFHC Japan. As of 2010, 26 cities are members of AFHC Japan. A questionnaire was sent to those member cities. It includes questions on why they became an AFHC member, which section is in charge of the initiatives, what factors are important for promotion, and others. Out of the 26 cities, 13 cities returned the completed questionnaire. As for factors important for promoting the initiatives, 10 (77%) out of the 13 cities answered "consciousness of residents", while five (38%) chose "budget". This result suggests that community participation is a more important factor than budget for promoting and succeeding in the initiatives. Aging is a problem in any of the member cities, and six cities out the 13 falls under the category of superaged society, which is defined as a society with the proportion of aged people < 65 years being greater than 21% of the whole population. Eleven cities (85%) agreed that bicycles are an alternative means of transportation to cars; however, infrastructure for ensuring safety needs further improvement. In the promotion of Healthy City, networking among the member cities in Japan and worldwide should be promoted. Community participation with empowerment from the planning stage should lead to sustainable initiatives. The function of AFHC in collaboration among the members should be strengthened to cope with the rapidly changing city environment. PMID:23718975

Yoshizawa, Kazuko

2013-01-01

338

Anaglyph, Salt Lake City, Utah  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 2002 Winter Olympics are hosted by Salt Lake City at several venues within the city, in nearby cities, and within the adjacent Wasatch Mountains. This anaglyph image provides a stereoscopic map view of north central Utah that includes all of these Olympic sites. In the south, next to Utah Lake, Provo hosts the ice hockey competition. In the north, northeast of the Great Salt Lake, Ogden hosts curling and the nearby Snowbasin ski area hosts the downhill events. In between, southeast of the Great Salt Lake, Salt Lake City hosts the Olympic Village and the various skating events. Further east, across the Wasatch Mountains, the Park City ski resort hosts the bobsled, ski jumping, and snowboarding events. The Winter Olympics are always hosted in mountainous terrain. This view shows the dramatic landscape that makes the Salt Lake City region a world-class center for winter sports.

The stereoscopic effect of this anaglyph was created by first draping a Landsat satellite image over a Shuttle Radar Topography Mission digital elevation model and then generating two differing perspectives, one for each eye. When viewed through special glasses, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and cover the right eye with a blue filter.

Landsat has been providing visible and infrared views of the Earth since 1972. SRTM elevation data matches the 30-meter (98-foot) resolution of most Landsat images and will substantially help in analyzing the large and growing Landsat image archive, managed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

Elevation data used in this image was acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on Feb. 11, 2000. SRTM used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. SRTM was designed to collect 3-D measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter(approximately 200-foot) mast, installed additional C-band and X-band antennas, and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between NASA, the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) of the U.S. Department of Defense and the German and Italian space agencies. It is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., for NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, D.C.

Size: 222 x 93.8 kilometers (138 x 58.2 miles) Location: 40.0 to 42.0 deg. North lat., 111.25 to 112.25.0 deg. West lon.(exactly) Orientation: North at top Image Data: Landsat Bands 3, 2, 1 as panchromatic grey. Original Data Resolution: SRTM 1 arcsecond (30 meters or 98 feet), Thematic Mapper 30 meters (98 feet) Date Acquired: February 2000 (SRTM), 1990s (Landsat 5 image mosaic)

2002-01-01

339

Cities/Buildings Image Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as a resource for educators and architectural professionals by Meredith L. Clausen, Professor of Architectural History at University of Washington, this site contains a well-organized, straightforward image archive of buildings and architectural features from around the world. The archive is organized by country, city/town, and building/site. While the archive is not exceptionally large, users will find photos of a wide variety of private and public buildings in a myriad of architectural styles, such as train stations, hotels, government buildings, markets, typical houses, and churches.

340

Curating the City: Wilshire Blvd  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To die-hard urbanistas, viewing the various parts of cities as discrete objects to be examined and celebrated is as natural as breathing in and out. There are many who like to look at a cityâÂÂs primary arteries, such as ChicagoâÂÂs State Street, or in the case of this website, Los AngelesâÂÂs storied Wilshire Boulevard. Stretching across 16 miles and moving through three municipalities, Wilshire Boulevard is known for such signature landmarks as Palisades Park in Santa Monica and the Beverly Wilshire Hotel. Visitors will find the interactive map of the Boulevard quite a treat, as they are free to browse around by moving their mouse across a visually appealing map that offers highlights of the built environment on and around the area. Those who have their own personal memories of the Boulevard may wish to submit them in the siteâÂÂs âÂÂMemory BookâÂÂ, which currently contains personal memories offered by Angelenos and others.

341

Information Technology and the Future of Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Will improvements in information technology eliminate face-to-face interactions and make cities obsolete? In this paper, we present a model where people make contacts and choose a mode of interaction: meeting face-to-face or communicating electronically. Cities are a means of reducing the fixed travel costs involved in face-to-face interactions. When telecommunications technology improves, there will be two opposing effects on cities

Jess Gaspar; Edward L. Glaeser

1998-01-01

342

Elizabeth City State University: Elizabeth City, North Carolina (Data)  

SciTech Connect

The Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Solar Radiation Monitoring Network operated from July 1985 through December 1996. Funded by DOE, the six-station network provided 5-minute averaged measurements of direct normal, global, and diffuse horizontal solar irradiance. The data were processed at NREL to improve the assessment of the solar radiation resources in the southeastern United States. Historical HBCU data available online include quality assessed 5-min data, monthly reports, and plots. In January 1997 the HBCU sites became part of the CONFRRM solar monitoring network and data from the two remaining active stations, Bluefield State College and Elizabeth City State University, are collected by the NREL Measurement & Instrumentation Data Center (MIDC).

Stoffel, T.; Andreas, A.

1985-09-25

343

Clean Cities Annual Metrics Report 2006  

SciTech Connect

Report summarizes Clean Cities coalition accomplishments, including membership, funding, sales of alternative fuel blends, deployment of AFVs and HEVs, idle reduction initiatives, and fuel economy activities.

Bergeron, P.; Putsche, V.

2007-07-01

344

Universal pensions in Mexico City : changing dynamics of citizenship and state formation in a global city  

E-print Network

The main topic of this study is the enactment of a non-contributory and non-means-tested Universal Pension (Pension Alimentaria Ciudadana para Adultos Mayores) program in Mexico City directed at city residents 70 years of ...

Lajous-Loaeza, Andrés

2009-01-01

345

Structure of an African city : study of Ibadan, Nigeria : city structure and morphology  

E-print Network

The study of Ibadan, Nigeria was conducted to analyze how Colonization has altered, or not altered the structure of the traditional African city form of this Yoruba town. The study encompasses structural city form elements ...

Murphy, Stephan L. (Stephan Lane), 1971-

1998-01-01

346

A theory of persistence in city form : Bursa, a case of the Ottoman city in Turkey  

E-print Network

The evolution of city form is an issue that has been studied extensively. Typically, however, the focus has been on change rather than persistence. During the process of change, many aspects of the city are left unaltered ...

Heng, Teh Joo

1989-01-01

347

The strategic bombing of German cities during WWI and its impact on city growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

We construct a unique data set in order to analyze whether or not a large temporary shock has an impact on city growth. Following recent work by Davis and Weinstein (2002) on Japan, we take the strategic bombing of German cities during WWII as an example of such a shock, and analyze its impact on post-war German city growth. If

Steven Brakman; Harry Garretsen; Marc Schramm

2004-01-01

348

75 FR 34932 - Safety Zone; Michigan City Super Boat Grand Prix, Lake Michigan, Michigan City, IN  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...USCG-2010-0235] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Michigan City Super Boat Grand Prix, Lake Michigan, Michigan City, IN AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...safety zone on Lake Michigan near Michigan City, Indiana. This zone is intended to...

2010-06-21

349

Smart cities and service integration initiatives in North American cities: a status report  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-government initiatives have been stepping forward in governments of all levels around the world. One of the most important strategies that are being carried is that of providing citizens with a single entry point for services that involve different government entities. The Smart Cities and Service Integration project (hereafter, SmartCities) aims to establish a framework for smart city service integration

Armando Aldama-Nalda; Hafedh Chourabi; Theresa A. Pardo; J. Ramon Gil-Garcia; Sehl Mellouli; Hans Jochen Scholl; Suha Alawadhi; Taewoo Nam; Shawn Walker

2012-01-01

350

Research of city land conservation and intensive utilization— A case study of Hefei City  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyzed and did research to the city land intensive land use, and took building project of the new Hefei station (high-speed railway station) passenger terminal and Binhu century city for examples, discussed the detail mode of city land intensive use, and got economical and social results.

Zhaofu Wu; Xiaohua Hu

2010-01-01

351

75 FR 22333 - Safety Zone; Michigan City Super Boat Grand Prix, Lake Michigan, Michigan City, IN  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Michigan City Super Boat Grand Prix, Lake Michigan, Michigan City, IN AGENCY...to establish a temporary safety zone on Lake Michigan near Michigan City, Indiana...intended to restrict vessels from a portion of Lake Michigan due to high speed power boat...

2010-04-28

352

CITY OF MORENO VALLEY ADOPTION OF THE CITY OF MORENO VALLEY RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

CITY OF MORENO VALLEY ADOPTION OF THE CITY OF MORENO VALLEY RENEWABLE ENERGY ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM of the City of Moreno Valley Electric Renewable Energy Resources Enforcement Program pursuant California, a publicly owned utility. SB 1X-2 establishes minimum quantities of renewable energy resources that load

353

76 FR 31235 - Safety Zone; Ocean City Air Show, Atlantic Ocean, Ocean City, MD  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Safety Zone; Ocean City Air Show, Atlantic Ocean, Ocean City, MD AGENCY: Coast...a temporary safety zone on the Atlantic Ocean in the vicinity of Ocean City...vessel traffic movement on the Atlantic Ocean to protect mariners from the...

2011-05-31

354

75 FR 18778 - Safety Zone; Ocean City Air Show 2010, Atlantic Ocean, Ocean City, MD  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Zone; Ocean City Air Show 2010, Atlantic Ocean, Ocean City, MD AGENCY: Coast...a temporary safety zone on the Atlantic Ocean in the vicinity of Ocean City...vessel traffic movement on the Atlantic Ocean to protect mariners and the...

2010-04-13

355

77 FR 39413 - Safety Zone: Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks Event, Crescent City, CA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...will sponsor the Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks Event on...83) for the Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks Event. At...Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of protesters. Protesters...Safety zone; Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks Event,...

2012-07-03

356

Cool systems for hot cities  

SciTech Connect

On a hot summer day, Los Angeles, CA, like Baltimore, MD, Phoenix, AZ, Washington, D.C., and Tokyo, Japan, is c. 6-8 degrees F hotter than its surrounding areas. Dark buildings and pavement have replaced urban vegetation in these cities, absorbing more solar heat. The urban heat islands that are created result in increased air-conditioning costs, energy use, and pollution. Scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have been studying the effects of roof system color and type on the energy used to cool a building. The results of this research indicate that roofing professionals should consider the reflectance (albedo) and emittance (release of absorbed heat) of the roof systems they install.

Akbari, Hashem; Bretz, Sarah

1998-09-02

357

City of Seattle Historic Preservation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000, the city of Seattle began an ambitious project to survey and inventory historic resources across the entire municipality. The last such project took place in 1979 and taken together, these efforts offer excellent documentation of the built environment. The database here includes over 5,000 properties and visitors can search through the entire collection by address, parcel number, property attribute (such as date of construction), and a number of other fields. The Context Statements area is a great way to learn about the methodologies and basic findings utilized to cover each neighborhood. Historic preservation specialists will find that the statements are extremely detailed in terms of resources used to create such a narrative profile. The site also includes a Glossary of Terms that covers "acquisition type" to "year of construction."

358

Physics and New York City  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When I was approached by the editors of Physics in Perspective to prepare an article on New York City for The Physical Tourist section, I was happy to do so. I have been a New Yorker all my life, except for short-term stays elsewhere on sabbatical leaves and other visits. My professional life developed in New York, and I married and raised my family in New York and its environs. Accordingly, writing such an article seemed a natural thing to do. About halfway through its preparation, however, the attack on the World Trade Center took place. From my apartment house I watched as the South Tower collapsed. Writing about New York and the role it has played in the history of physics in the United States and the world has now taken on a very different meaning.

Bederson, Benjamin

359

Why Is the City Hot?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This investigation introduces students to the phenomena of urban heat islands, areas of higher then normal temperatures associated with populated areas. Using Atlanta, Ga., as the study site, students begin by analyzing the population growth and geographic expansion of the area over a 24-year period. Students then use surface images from Landsat, thermal data from aircraft instruments, and land use maps to compare and contrast the distribution of vegetation, variations in daily temperatures, and diversity of land usage types around the city. The URL opens to the investigation directory, with links to teacher and student materials, lesson extensions, resources, teaching tips, and assessment strategies. This is Investigation 3 of four found in the Grades 5-8 Module 3 of Mission Geography. The Mission Geography curriculum integrates data and images from NASA missions with the National Geography Standards. Each of the four investigations in Module 3, while related, can be done independently.

360

ibm.com/gbs 1 A Vision of Smarter Cities  

E-print Network

ibm.com/gbs 1 A Vision of Smarter Cities: How Cities Can Lead the Way into a Prosperous Vision of Smarter Cities: How Cities Can Lead the Way into a Prosperous and Sustainable Future." Susanne will live in cities in 2050. Every minute during the next 20 years, 30 Indians will leave rural India

361

The Challenge of Urbanization. The World's Large Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication concentrates on city problems and special city planning issues in the world's large cities, pinpointing their demographic characteristics, economic structure, available social services, and infrastructures, as well as current issues facing city planners. Profiles of 100 large cities across the world, from Abidjan to Yangon, make…

United Nations New York, NY. Dept. of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis.

362

Maringá: A British Garden City in the tropics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maringá, located in southern Brazil, deserves to be studied because of its uniqueness. It is one of a few cities designed according to Garden City principles and developed by the British in Brazil as part of a regional network of cities connected by rail. The city also distinguishes itself from several other cities in Brazil because it is the seat

Joseli Macedo

2011-01-01

363

Conceptualizing smart city with dimensions of technology, people, and institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This conceptual paper discusses how we can consider a particular city as a smart one, drawing on recent practices to make cities smart. A set of the common multidimensional components underlying the smart city concept and the core factors for a successful smart city initiative is identified by exploring current working definitions of smart city and a diversity of various

Taewoo Nam; Theresa A. Pardo

2011-01-01

364

New York City's Charter Schools Overall Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This multi-year study reports on results for New York City Charter Schools through the 2005-2006 school year. As independent entities within the public sector, charter schools vary in their policies and practices. Policies that are unusual in traditional public schools but fairly common among New York City's charter schools include long school…

Hoxby, Caroline M.; Murarka, Sonali

2007-01-01

365

Literacy as Social Action in City Debate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines critical literacy and the intersections of oral, aural, written, and performative literate practices in City Debate, an afterschool program dedicated to providing debate instruction to students in a major Southeastern city. Previous research into definitions and beliefs about literacy in an urban debate program over its twenty…

Cridland-Hughes, Susan

2012-01-01

366

122 CITIES MORTALITY REPORTING SYSTEM (122 MRS)  

EPA Science Inventory

This system compiles summary mortality data by age group for all-causes and pneumonia and influenza as reported by Vital Statistic Registrars and Reporters within 122 U.S. cities. Additional information and access to a query system linked to 122 Cities Mortality data is available...

367

The Vatican City: Behind the High Walls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vatican City is the holiest city and the smallest country in the world. It covers just over 106 acres of land. This country practices the most common religion. It doesn't merely practice; it is the center of religion for Roman Catholics. It not only practices, but rules and preserves the faith of Christianity, specifically Catholicism. This country contains the papacy,

Victor Nava

368

Plant Selection Factors The City of  

E-print Network

Plant Selection Factors The City of OKLAHOMA CITY UTILITIES DEPARTMENT Oklahoma Cooperative-433 #12;Plan Before you Plant Plants add value to the home, provide shade, define space, and make us happy. Consider the following five plant selection factors when choosing plants for your landscape. Keep

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

369

lake havasu city ASU Colleges at  

E-print Network

lake havasu city ASU Colleges at start here havasu.asu.edu go far #12;ASU Colleges at Lake Havasu of the ASU model to create the New American University, and Lake Havasu students will be part of a new in the process. newideas better options ASU Colleges at Lake Havasu City focuses exclusively on instruction

Zhang, Junshan

370

Transforming New York City's Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, Michael Bloomberg, New York City's newly elected mayor, hoped to fix his city's public schools, which were widely perceived as plagued by a gamut of problems that ranged from low test scores to patronage-riddled schools and districts. A special bill approved by the New York State Legislature made Bloomberg solely accountable to the New…

Bartholomew, Barbara

2006-01-01

371

FUEL CELL BUS DEMONSTRATION IN MEXICO CITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report discusses the performance of a cull-size, zero-emission, Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel-cell-powered transit bus in the atmospheric environment of Mexico City. To address the air quality problems caused by vehicle emissions in Mexico City, a seminar on clean vehic...

372

Towards an evolutionary model of city sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In part stimulated by the computer game industry, reasonable progress has been made in the dynamic modelling of urban growth and land use change. However, sustainability considerations in this work remain to be addressed. Yet the environmental impact of cities, already accommodating around half the global population, is both profound and increasing. It is thus important that our cities evolve

Natalia Filchakova; Jérôme Kämpf

373

Cities and their news media images  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses assorted aspects of the images of cities in the news media. Images affect perceptions and various spatial decisions made by three groups: the general public, decision makers on the national level and the place's inhabitants. Thus, media portrayal has implications for the position of cities in the growing international and national competition for various resources such as

Eli Avraham

2000-01-01

374

Sustainable cities: transport, energy, and urban form  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper extends the debate over the ideal of the sustainable city, particularly as it relates to transport, by providing empirical evidence, from five case-study cities in the United Kingdom and one in the Netherlands on the links between urban form and energy consumption in transport. It also links energy use measures to the physical, economic, and social structure of

D Banister; S Watson; C Wood

1997-01-01

375

City Development Plan, Karjat Water Supply  

E-print Network

City Development Plan, Karjat Water Supply And Sanitation Narendra Shah (07004022) Under Dissertation Approval Sheet This report title, "City Development Plan, Water Supply and Sanitaion, Karjat the problems of infrastructure, particularly in the areas of water supply and sanitation. The problems range

Sohoni, Milind

376

City Life: Rankings (Livability) versus Perceptions (Satisfaction)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I investigate the relationship between the popular Mercer city ranking (livability) and survey data (satisfactions). Livability aims to capture "objective" quality of life such as infrastructure. Survey items capture "subjective" quality of life such as satisfaction with city. The relationship between objective measures of quality of life and…

Okulicz-Kozaryn, Adam

2013-01-01

377

The way to sustainability for poor cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way to sustainability for poor cities proposes a systematic framework for achieving sustainability based upon community ecology that recognizes and builds on the complex interdependence of activities within any city. The author stresses the need for much greater attention to local knowledge and institutions and to those aspects of a better quality of life that depend not on high

Richard L. Meier

1993-01-01

378

Can Cities Sustain Life in the Greenhouse?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from the Global Environmental Monitoring System indicate that pollutants such as sulphur dioxide and total suspended particulate routinely appear in the lower atmosphere of major cities at concentrations well above health guidelines set by the World Health Organization. As well, cities are major contributors to the build-up of greenhouse…

Byrne, John; Hughes, Kristen; Toly, Noah; Wang, Young-Doo

2006-01-01

379

Unique Problems of the Inner City Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban changes such as population increase, shifts in population groups, suburban growth, and central city decay have produced special problems for the inner city college--de facto segregation, inadequate education programs, racial imbalance of employees, and discrimination in student participant activities. The attempts to prevent…

Lombardi, John

380

Racial Discrimination and Redlining in Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to bring together spatial and racial discrimination in an urban framework. While racial discrimination is against black workers, spatial discrimination (or redlining) is against residents living in the city-center. When the relative access cost for black workers to employment centers is sufficiently large, a city is segregated by race. When the relative access cost

Yves Zenou; Nicolas Boccard

2000-01-01

381

Urban Ecology: Exploring Wildlife in the City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides rationale for and examples of nature study activities using school yards, vacant lots, and city parks. Focusing on city wildlife, the interdisciplinary activities provide experiences in observing and investigating. Three duplicating masters (animals on ground, animals overhead, and tree study) are provided. (JN)

Malcarne, Vanessa

1982-01-01

382

Hispanic Diversity in New York City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the Hispanic Research Center's journal contains four articles which focus on various aspects of the Hispanic community in New York City. In the first article, Douglas T. Gurak and Lloyd H. Rogler use data from censuses, ethnographic accounts, and public documents to profile New York City's Hispanic population. They review the…

Gurak, Douglas T.; And Others

1980-01-01

383

Vocational Education Program Need in Large Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national study of the vocational education programs in 164 large cities was conducted to explore perceived needs; determine the priority of these needs; and compare the priorities in terms of city size, geographic location, and minority concentration. Data was collected through interviews, a mail survey, and a literature review. After the needs…

Adams, Kay A.; And Others

384

CITI Technical Report 017 Scalable Linux Scheduling  

E-print Network

CITI Technical Report 01�7 Scalable Linux Scheduling Stephen P. Molloy, Peter Honeyman {smolloy,honey}@citi.umich.edu ABSTRACT For most of its existence, Linux has been used primarily as a personal desktop operating system remarkable rise in popularity, Linux exhibits many undesirable performance traits. Concerned about

Michigan, University of

385

Financing Big City Schools: Some Possible Breakthroughs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the many factors contributing to the crisis in big-city school finance are (1) the in-migration of the poor to the cities accompanied by the out-migration of the higher-income people; (2) higher teacher salaries; (3) the new mandates placed on schools such as cradle-to-grave accomodation in educational opportunities, manpower retraining,…

Marland, S.P., Jr.

386

I Am City, Hear Me Roar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of prevailing opinion, U.S. cities are alive and well and continue to play a major role in the nation's social fabric. The federal policies of recent years must be reversed to keep cities functioning as the place where the United States reimagines itself and learns to manage difference. (SLD)

Messinger, Ruth; Breslau, Andrew

1993-01-01

387

A Tale of Two Cities Sibren Isaacman  

E-print Network

and New York City to demonstrate clearly different mobility patterns be- tween the two cities. For example Angeles (LA) and New York (NY). We introduce the concept of a daily range, that is, the maximal distance is the large differ- ence in median daily ranges between Los Angeles and New York residents, as mentioned above

Kobourov, Stephen G.

388

Sensing places' life to make city smarter  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the smart city concept and proposes an innovative way of sensing urban places' life using aggregation of devices sensors (cameras...) and human sensors (VGI, geosocial networks) datasets. The paper also discusses the need of an enabling geospatial information platform to facilitate data discovery and access in order to support smart cities' operations. Indeed, in this context, Spatial

Stéphane Roche; Abbas Rajabifard

2012-01-01

389

Smart green cities: from modernization to resilience?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is possible to detect a shift in the way we think about environmental issues, in particular climate change, from what academics call ‘ecological modernization’ to what can be termed ‘resilient cities’. This is both a consequence and a cause of city regions emerging as the pragmatic scale of governance. This article will use a case study of Greater Manchester

Derek Antrobus

2011-01-01

390

SOA of Smart City Geospatial Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research is essentially to modularize the structure of utilities and develop a system for following up the activities electronically on the city scale. The GIS operational platform will be the base for managing the infrastructure development components with the systems interoperability for the available city infrastructure related systems. The research will develop Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) in order to

Mahmoud Al-hader; Ahmad Rodzi Mahmud; Abdul Rashid Sharif; Noordin Ahmad

2009-01-01

391

Low-carbon infrastructure strategies for cities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions to avert potentially disastrous global climate change requires substantial redevelopment of infrastructure systems. Cities are recognized as key actors for leading such climate change mitigation efforts. We have studied the greenhouse gas inventories and underlying characteristics of 22 global cities. These cities differ in terms of their climates, income, levels of industrial activity, urban form and existing carbon intensity of electricity supply. Here we show how these differences in city characteristics lead to wide variations in the type of strategies that can be used for reducing emissions. Cities experiencing greater than ~1,500 heating degree days (below an 18 °C base), for example, will review building construction and retrofitting for cold climates. Electrification of infrastructure technologies is effective for cities where the carbon intensity of the grid is lower than ~600 tCO2e GWh-1 whereas transportation strategies will differ between low urban density (<~6,000 persons km-2) and high urban density (>~6,000 persons km-2) cities. As nation states negotiate targets and develop policies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, attention to the specific characteristics of their cities will broaden and improve their suite of options. Beyond carbon pricing, markets and taxation, governments may develop policies and target spending towards low-carbon urban infrastructure.

Kennedy, C. A.; Ibrahim, N.; Hoornweg, D.

2014-05-01

392

Architecture Alive! The City as Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and implementation of a program in which students in Portland, Oregon, learn about architecture, urban history, and urban growth by exploring the city, studying its buildings, examining social, political, and economic influences on the environment, speaking with people in the neighborhoods, and using city resources. (MJL)

Mirochnik, Elijuh

1983-01-01

393

City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center  

Cancer.gov

Founded in 1913, City of Hope began focusing on cancer research and treatment in the late 1940s. Receiving its NCI designation in 1981 and its designation as a comprehensive cancer center in 1998, City of Hope is today a biomedical research, treatment, and education center.

394

Workforce mobility: Contributing towards smart city  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Smart cities gained importance as a means of making ICT enabled services and applications available to the citizens, companies and authorities that form part of a city's system. It aims at increasing citizen's quality of life, and improving the efficiency and quality of the services provided by governing entities and businesses. This perspective requires an integrated vision of a city and of its infrastructures in all components. One of the characteristics of a smart city is mobility. The concept of mobility, especially for the workforce, is studied through a research carried out on a daily work undertaken as a prototype in the administrative town of Putrajaya, Malaysia. Utilizing the location track from GNSS integrated with mobile devices platform, information on movement and mobility was analysed for quality and efficiency of services rendered. This paper will highlight the research and outcomes that were successfully carried out and will suggest that workforce mobility management can benefit the authorities towards implementing a smart city concept.

Nor, N. M.; Wahap, N. A.

2014-02-01

395

Universal predictability of mobility patterns in cities.  

PubMed

Despite the long history of modelling human mobility, we continue to lack a highly accurate approach with low data requirements for predicting mobility patterns in cities. Here, we present a population-weighted opportunities model without any adjustable parameters to capture the underlying driving force accounting for human mobility patterns at the city scale. We use various mobility data collected from a number of cities with different characteristics to demonstrate the predictive power of our model. We find that insofar as the spatial distribution of population is available, our model offers universal prediction of mobility patterns in good agreement with real observations, including distance distribution, destination travel constraints and flux. By contrast, the models that succeed in modelling mobility patterns in countries are not applicable in cities, which suggests that there is a diversity of human mobility at different spatial scales. Our model has potential applications in many fields relevant to mobility behaviour in cities, without relying on previous mobility measurements. PMID:25232053

Yan, Xiao-Yong; Zhao, Chen; Fan, Ying; Di, Zengru; Wang, Wen-Xu

2014-11-01

396

Environmental Survey preliminary report, Kansas City Plant, Kansas City, Missouri  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the preliminary findings from the first phase of the Environmental Survey of the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Kansas City Plant (KCP), conducted March 23 through April 3, 1987. The Survey is being conducted by a multidisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. Individual team members are outside experts being supplied by a private contractor. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with the KCP. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulations. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. This phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data observations of the operations performed at the KCP, and interviews with site personnel. The Survey team developed a Sampling and Analysis Plan to assist in further assessing certain environmental problems identified during its on-site activities. The Sampling and Analysis Plan is being executed by DOE's Argonne National Laboratory. When completed, the results will be incorporated into the KCP Environmental Survey Interim Report. The Interim Report will reflect the final determinations of the KCP Survey. 94 refs., 39 figs., 55 tabs.

Not Available

1988-01-01

397

24 CFR 576.301 - Metropolitan cities and urban counties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Metropolitan cities and urban counties. 576.301 Section...Reallocations § 576.301 Metropolitan cities and urban counties. Grant funds returned by a metropolitan city or urban county will be reallocated...

2013-04-01

398

24 CFR 576.301 - Metropolitan cities and urban counties.  

... 2013-04-01 true Metropolitan cities and urban counties. 576.301 Section...Reallocations § 576.301 Metropolitan cities and urban counties. Grant funds returned by a metropolitan city or urban county will be reallocated...

2014-04-01

399

24 CFR 576.301 - Metropolitan cities and urban counties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Metropolitan cities and urban counties. 576.301 Section...Reallocations § 576.301 Metropolitan cities and urban counties. Grant funds returned by a metropolitan city or urban county will be reallocated...

2012-04-01

400

Spatial stratification of street vendors in downtown Mexico City  

E-print Network

The fight for space between city administrators and street vendors working in city centers is one of the major controversies about street commerce. Trying to renew and upgrade their downtowns, city administrators of most ...

Baroni, Bruno Nazim

2007-01-01

401

1. Photocopy from George S. Morison's The Sioux City Bridge, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy from George S. Morison's The Sioux City Bridge, 1890. Photographer unknown, circa 1889. SOUTH WEB AND WEST PORTAL OF BRIDGE - Sioux City Bridge, Spanning the Missouri River, Sioux City, Woodbury County, IA

402

City Learning Centres for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines England's City Learning Centres (CLC) component of the Excellence in Cities initiative aimed at driving up standards in inner city schools. CLC objectives, business involvement in the CLC initiative, funding, and technical guidelines in CLC development are discussed. (GR)

PEB Exchange, 2000

2000-01-01

403

76 FR 68117 - Television Broadcasting Services; Panama City, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Television Broadcasting Services; Panama City, FL AGENCY: Federal Communications...licensee of WJHG-TV, channel 7, Panama City, Florida, requesting the substitution of channel 18 for channel 7 at Panama City. Gray believes it is best...

2011-11-03

404

76 FR 52632 - Television Broadcasting Services; Panama City, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Television Broadcasting Services; Panama City, FL AGENCY: Federal Communications...of station WJHG-TV, channel 7, Panama City, Florida, requesting the substitution of channel 18 for channel 7 at Panama City. WJHG's viewers continue...

2011-08-23

405

Monica Griesbach, Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES CITY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Monica Griesbach, Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL FIRST FLOOR DOORS TO THE CITY CLERK AND TAX & PERMIT DIVISION OFFICES, FACING NORTH. - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

406

Xochimilco es Hogar : place attachment and belonging in Mexico City  

E-print Network

Mexico City is a sprawling megalopolis of 22 million inhabitants with new residents moving into the city daily. The city's growth is spatially uneven; the southern delegation of Xochimilco has been experiencing rapid ...

Jung, M. Bin (Melanie Bin)

2014-01-01

407

Age-friendly cities of Europe.  

PubMed

This article summarizes how members of the European Healthy Cities Network have applied the 'healthy ageing' approach developed by the World Health Organization in their influential report on Active Ageing. Network Cities can be regarded as social laboratories testing how municipal strategies and interventions can help maintain the health and independence which characterise older people of the third age. Evidence of the orientation and scope of city interventions is derived from a series of Healthy Ageing Sub-Network symposia but principally from responses by 59 member cities to a General Evaluation Questionnaire covering Phase IV (2003-2008) of the Network. Cities elaborated four aspects of healthy ageing (a) raising awareness of older people as a resource to society (b) personal and community empowerment (c) access to the full range of services, and (d) supportive physical and social environments. In conclusion, the key message is that by applying healthy ageing strategies to programmes and plans in many sectors, city governments can potentially compress the fourth age of 'decrepitude and dependence' and expand the third age of 'achievement and independence' with more older people contributing to the social and economic life of a city. PMID:22993036

Green, Geoff

2013-10-01

408

Slumdog cities: rethinking subaltern urbanism.  

PubMed

This article is an intervention in the epistemologies and methodologies of urban studies. It seeks to understand and transform the ways in which the cities of the global South are studied and represented in urban research, and to some extent in popular discourse. As such, the article is primarily concerned with a formation of ideas - "subaltern urbanism" - which undertakes the theorization of the megacity and its subaltern spaces and subaltern classes. Of these, the ubiquitous ‘slum’ is the most prominent. Writing against apocalyptic and dystopian narratives of the slum, subaltern urbanism provides accounts of the slum as a terrain of habitation, livelihood, self-organization and politics. This is a vital and even radical challenge to dominant narratives of the megacity. However, this article is concerned with the limits of and alternatives to subaltern urbanism. It thus highlights emergent analytical strategies, utilizing theoretical categories that transcend the familiar metonyms of underdevelopment such as the megacity, the slum, mass politics and the habitus of the dispossessed. Instead, four categories are discussed — peripheries, urban informality, zones of exception and gray spaces. Informed by the urbanism of the global South, these categories break with ontological and topological understandings of subaltern subjects and subaltern spaces. PMID:21542201

Roy, Ananya

2011-01-01

409

The hydrographic city : mapping Mexico City's urban form in relation to its aquatic condition, 1521-1700  

E-print Network

Mexico City is a special case in urban history because the measures taken by the Aztec and Spanish to avoid inundations have fundamentally changed the city's character. In 1521, it was an island-city; in 1629, it lay near ...

Lopez, John F., 1971-

2013-01-01

410

Title: Satellite Streetview: Canadian Cities and Regions Data Creator /  

E-print Network

, Hamilton, Kitchener, St. Catharines, Quebec City, Montreal, Jonquiere, Halifax, Fredericton, St. Johns, Ontario; Cornwall, Ontario; Hamilton, Ontario; Kitchener, Ontario; St, Catherines, Ontario; Quebec City

411

Transitioning from a Sanitary City to a Sustainable City: Drivers and Dynamics in the City of Los Angeles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With more than half of the world's population living in cities the decisions made in urban areas are critical for the sustainability of water resources. In the past, cities have been designed to efficiently use, clean, and dispose of water. This model is being challenged due to its effects on ecosystems and communities and its inability to adapt to changing circumstances. The aim of our research is to describe the mechanisms behind Los Angeles's transition from a monolithic water importing city to a city committed to local water resource development, conservation and regional collaboration. The paper argues this transition is the result of a "double exposure" of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP), the major water supplier for the city. The first exposure is the increasing vulnerability and unreliability of its water imports due to environmental regulation and litigation. The second exposure is the increasing political integration and interdependence of LADWP with local government and interest groups due to institutional changes and rising environmental awareness in the city. These exposures and their effects are traced from the late 1970s to the present using interviews, government documents, and media accounts. The transition in Los Angeles is well underway but limited revenue and complex governance arrangements are barriers to greater change. The results from the Los Angeles case may provide insights for these cities and provide testable propositions for research on this topic in other places and sectors. Overall, we conclude that internal and external exposures can drive transitions in urban development, improving our understanding of when and how cities adopt more sustainable forms.

Hughes, S.; Pincetl, S.

2011-12-01

412

Earth Science in the City: A Reader  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than half of Earth's population lives in cities today, a figure that is projected to grow to nearly 5 billion in the coming quarter-century. A new AGU book edited by Grant Heiken, Robert Fakundiny and John Sutter, Earth Science in the City: A Reader, suggests that cities are becoming increasingly coupled with and vulnerable to their environment. The book explores the interrelationship between natural processes and the man-made urban environment, and reports on research examining the effects on urban residents and their surroundings. Included are papers looking at water use, environmental sustainability, hazard mitigation, and atmospheric sciences that propose integrated solutions to city planning, population growth, and policy decisions. In this issue, Eos talks with lead editor Grant Heiken. Heiken recently retired from the Earth and Environmental Science divisions at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico.

Lifland, Jonathan

413

Revitalizing Inner-City Minority Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The black neighborhood based business environment in Houston, Texas, is examined as an example of minority community revitalization. A number of strategies for improving black community development in the nation's cities are suggested. (GC)

Ikemma, William N.

1977-01-01

414

Urban Studies & Planning 569 Sustainable Cities & Regions  

E-print Network

Urban Studies & Planning 569 Sustainable Cities & Regions Theory . Politics . Practice Fall 2012 Dr. Nathan McClintock MW 4:40 ­ 6:30 pm 311 Urban Center and lacunae of dominant conceptualizations of urban sustainability. In this reading

415

Tactical cities : negotiating violence in Karachi, Pakistan  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the relationship between violence and urbanity. Using Karachi, Pakistan, as a case study, it asks how violent cities are imagined and experienced by their residents. The thesis draws on a variety of ...

Yusuf, Huma

2008-01-01

416

Retirement Guide Norman -Oklahoma City -Tulsa  

E-print Network

Employee Contributions Employer Contributions Termination Prior To Retirement Retirement Benefits TaxRetirement Guide Norman - Oklahoma City - Tulsa IMPORTANT NOTICE: The Board of Regents and policy booklet available through the benefits office. Retirement Guide updated 2007. #12; 2

Oklahoma, University of

417

The Evolutionary Life and Death of Cities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urbanization is a salient feature of evolutionary interactions between environment, technologies, economics, culture, and politics. Despite more than a century of urban studies, there remain considerable uncertainties associated with how systems of cities evolve as a function of time and space. Regional historic studies offer insights into factors associated with the growth and death of cities. We used scaling methodologies and population data to model and explore the evolution of Texas cities for the period 1850-2000. A vast majority of Texas cities demonstrated adaptive and resilient characteristics over the 1850-2000 time period. Sustained adaptive capacity and resilience was observed to be primarily related to growth fueled initially by natural resources and later by human actions in responding to economic opportunities, politics, wars, and advantages gained from transportation infrastructures.

Harriss, R. C.

2011-12-01

418

Calibration intervals at Bendix Kansas City  

SciTech Connect

The calibration interval evaluation methods and control in each calibrating department of the Bendix Corp., Kansas City Division is described, and a more detailed description of those employed in metrology is provided.

James, R.T.

1980-01-01

419

The Carson Airport, Carson City, Nevada.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report concerns plans for a project to improve the Carson City airport. The proposed project consists of the following items of development: Land acquisition; runway, taxiway and runway lighting extensions of 584 ft; open grade seal of entire runway; ...

1971-01-01

420

"Unauthorised colonies" and the City of Delhi  

E-print Network

This research was undertaken, to understand the phenomenon of "unauthorised colonies" in relation to the city of Delhi, to which they belong. "Unauthorised Colonies" is the label given by the Delhi Development Authority ...

Mukherjee, Snehanshu

1988-01-01

421

Understanding the City Size Wage Gap*  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we decompose city size wage premia into various components. We base these decompositions on an estimated on-the-job search model that incorporates latent ability, search frictions, firm-worker match quality, human capital accumulation and endogenous migration between large, medium and small cities. Counterfactual simulations of the model indicate that variation in returns to experience and differences in wage intercepts across location type are the most important mechanisms contributing to observed city size wage premia. Variation in returns to experience is more important for generating wage premia between large and small locations while differences in wage intercepts are more important for generating wage premia betwen medium and small locations. Sorting on unobserved ability within education group and differences in labor market search frictions and distributions of firm-worker match quality contribute little to observed city size wage premia. These conclusions hold for separate samples of high school and college graduates. PMID:24273347

Baum-Snow, Nathaniel; Pavan, Ronni

2013-01-01

422

Smart Savings: Climate Solutions for Cities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Municipal buildings represent a substantial opportunity to achieve cost-effective reductions in local greenhouse gas emissions. Taking this kind of initiative is a way for city governments to lead by example. Municipal building retrofits in Chicago are re...

1999-01-01

423

Frontal collision analysis of City Car  

E-print Network

This experiment tests the proposed crash system of the CityCar. The car is to fold during the crash to help decrease the impact force experienced by the passengers. The experiment was conducted by running a simulation of ...

Neal, Terance (Terance K.)

2009-01-01

424

Sustainability transformations in Olympic host cities  

E-print Network

The Olympic Games represent an unparalleled fast-track urban development opportunity for Olympic host cities. Taking the premise that the transformational effect of the Olympics has a potential to drive long-term urban ...

Mokrushina, Ksenia

2012-01-01

425

UN2 : reconfiguring the world city  

E-print Network

The establishment of the United Nations' "permanent headquarters" in New York City was hailed as an epochal triumph: the era of post-war internationality- in terms of global politics and architectural modernism--was to be ...

Graham, James D., M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01

426

Should Suburbs Help Their Central City?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Should suburbs help finance their center city’s core public services? This is a long-standing policy question in U.S. urban public finance and an issue of no less importance in other countries. Toronto recently merged its financing and governance with its surrounding suburbs. In configuring its new fiscal system, South Africa opted for a form of metropolitan financing that “twins” wealthy

Andrew F. Haughwout; Robert P. Inman

2002-01-01

427

The “South-Italian City” — a cultural-genetic type of city  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “South-Italian city” is characterized at four different levels as an independent cultural-genetic city-type:1.The characteristics arrangement of the functional areas and the residential areas of different social groups is represented in a model.2.From the model, developments and changes in the arrangement of the functional areas can be identified which clearly deviate from those which are derived from the universal city

Elmar Sabelberg

1986-01-01

428

Fashioning a Global City: Global City Brand Channels in the Fashion and Design Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jansson J. and Power D. Fashioning a global city: global city brand channels in the fashion and design industries, Regional Studies. This paper approaches the ways in which fashion and design-based industrial actors contribute to creating images and myths that support global-city status. It is suggested that multi-channel systems of brand building and differentiation exist at regional and local levels,

Johan Jansson; Dominic Power

2010-01-01

429

Mobility and accessibility in historic cities.  

PubMed

The historic cities of Brazil, despite its colonial structure, don't fail to go through transformations that affect contemporary cities, which is the main source of problems, leading to new approaches to urban issues such as mobility and accessibility. The uncontrolled growth of tourism in the historic cities can be considered as a big problem, because at the same time, they have committed to the conservation of its built heritage and demand control of the activities that occur in their areas without harm. Then, a permanent dialogue between conservatives and planners could be accomplished by joining the various sectoral policies. The study of urban mobility in historical sites was in fact the focus of this work because of their peculiarities, such as its specific characteristics of urban structure, morphology and occupation. In fact, the development of tourism in historic centers generates specific demands, such as adaptation to new uses of the houses, intensive movement of people and vehicles, illegal parking, among others. Beyond threatening the city preservation, does not provide mobility and accessibility to tourists, because these cities were not designed for the tourism conditions and needs of contemporary life. Characteristic features of Brazilian baroque cities, such as topography , the narrow streets, narrow or nonexistent sidewalks, steep turns and ramps strong, are not suitable for heavy vehicles, traffic and pedestrian circulation. Thus, studies concerning conservation urban integrated are aimed at an approach to interaction between historic preservation of the environment with the dynamic socio-economic of the local. PMID:22317715

Carvalho, Ana Carla; Paschoalin, Rachel Filgueiras; Castañon, José Alberto

2012-01-01

430

Urban heat islands developing in coastal tropical cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beautiful and breezy cities on small tropical islands, it turns out, may not be exempt from the same local climate change effects and urban heat island effects seen in large continental cities such as Los Angeles or Mexico City. A surprising, recent discovery indicates that this is the case for San Juan, Puerto Rico, a relatively affluent coastal tropical city

Jorge E. González; Jeffrey C. Luvall; Douglas Rickman; Daniel Comarazamy; Ana Picón; Eric Harmsen; Hamed Parsiani; Ramón E. Vásquez; Nazario Ramírez; Robin Williams; Robert W. Waide; Craig A. Tepley

2005-01-01

431

New York City, New York Municipal Forest Resource Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New York City, the largest city in the United States and one of the worlds major global cities, maintains trees as an integral component of the urban infrastructure. Since 1995, over 120,000 trees have been planted along the streets of the citys five boro...

E. G. McPherson, J. R. Simpson, K. E. Vargas, P. J. Peper, Q. Xiao, S. L. Gardner

2007-01-01

432

Title: City of Hamilton Vector Data Data Creator /  

E-print Network

Title: City of Hamilton Vector Data Data Creator / Copyright Owner: City of Hamilton Publisher: City of Hamilton Edition: 2010 Versions: Earlier version (2006) is available upon request Publication Date: 2010 Coverage Date(s): N/A Updates: N/A Abstract: Produced by the City of Hamilton, this dataset

433

Study Abroad and the City: Mapping Urban Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study abroad by U.S. students, despite recent growth into non-western and rural destinations, often remains focused on cities, often very large and highly urbanized ones. While the destination cities for study abroad are located across the globe, European cities remain predominant, and thus, this article focuses on study abroad in one city. The…

Blair, Scott

2011-01-01

434

Assessment of Cities Preparedness for Development - Development Audit  

Microsoft Academic Search

In general, a city is the basic spatial and adminis tration development unit, which has clearly defined self-government fun ctions and wide field of activities, competences and responsibiliti es for sustainable city development and for the quality of city life i mprovement. The city, as a legal subject responsible for effective decision making and management of development of its cadastre,

ANDREJ STEINER; ZUZANA ZABORSKA; RUDOLF BAUER

435

A unified methodological approach for the development of knowledge cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The concept of knowledge cities (KCs) is particularly advantageous for any contemporary city. Many cities globally claim themselves as being already KCs, while other cities have elaborated strategic plans in order to be transformed into KCs. The examination of their approaches reveals that these initiatives are fragmented and there is not a unified and coherent methodological approach. The

Konstantinos Ergazakis; Kostas S. Metaxiotis; John E. Psarras; Dimitris Askounis

2006-01-01

436

Open sensor network interface for U-City service platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

U-City is a city where diverse public information is provided through IT technology. In the past, IT infrastructure for public information was not considered in city planning. However, in recent construction of new cities, this kind of infrastructure is becoming necessary. Safety, transportation, and weather information are gathered and provided to residents through the Internet, mobile devices, etc [1]. To

Jaechul Kim; Sik Yu; Youngjoon Kim; Sukun Kim; Jeonghoon Kang; Hojung Lim; Hyungseok Kim

2010-01-01

437

Suicide Among New York City Police Officers, 1977-1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors assessed the sui- cide rates of New York City police officers during a recent period. Method: The authors reviewed death certificates of active New York City police officers who died from 1977 through 1996 (N=668); age-, gender-, and race- specific suicide rates among New York City police officers and the city's residents were determined. Results: The police

Peter M. Marzuk; Matthew K. Nock; M. S. Andrew; C. Leon; D. Laura Portera; M. S. Kenneth Tardiff

2002-01-01

438

Reggio Tutta: A Guide to the City by the Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three- to six-year-old children in the preschools of Reggio Emilia, Italy, worked on a project called "The City: Images, Ideas, and Theories," in which teachers investigated the children's ideas, hypotheses, and theories about cities in general and their own city in particular. Children's knowledge about the city was surveyed in conversation.…

Davoli, Mara, Ed.; Ferri, Gino, Ed.

439

"Nastro Virus" (The Human Body - Kinetic City)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nastro Virus (Omega Pack) is a learning module centered on the human body and its bodily functions; it is a part of the Kinetic City-Mission to Vearth site (see description below). Targeted body parts are the lungs, stomach, muscles, and bones. This module includes a computer-simulated mind game, creative writing assignments for independent study, and art-centered exercises, as well as lesson plans for hands on games and activities designed for a group. KINETIC CITY DESCRIPTION: "Kinetic City" (www.kineticcity.com) is a fun, Web-based after-school science club for kids, ages 8 through 11. It combines exciting online animations and activities with boxes of hands-on science experiments. Children earn "Kinetic City" power points and collect stickers as they complete missions and learn standards-based science content. Here's how it works: The "Kinetic City" super crew (Keisha, Curtis, Megan and Max) needs the help of Earth kids to save their planet Vearth, from the science-distorting computer virus Deep Delete. Each of Deep Delete's 60 hideous strains attacks a different area of science with disastrous consequences. After each attack, teams of Earth kids fight back by viewing a short online animation describing the situation on Vearth; performing a series of activities to re-learn the lost science and going on a mission to Vearth during which they answer science questions and gobble up Deep Delete viruses. Their scores appear on their own Kinetic City Club Web page. "Kinetic City" is produced by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), with a grant from the National Science Foundation. AAAS writes the "Project 2061 Benchmarks for Science Literacy," which forms the basis of most state science standards.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (;)

2005-01-01

440

Letter of Understanding This letter of Understanding is made effective January 14 th between the City of Grass Valley (City) and Jeffery Foltz as Assistant (Employee or Assistant City Administrator). 1. Appointment City herby appoints Employee as the Assistant City Administrator for the City of Grass Valley and Employee hereby accepts such employment. Employee shall serve at the pleasure of the City Administrator  

Microsoft Academic Search

2. Duties Employee shall perform the functions and duties of the Assistant City Administrator as directed by the City Administrator. As a limited hour position those duties will be focused on defined projects and priorities. Employee will be subject to the Charter, Ordinances, Resolutions and Actions of the Council and policies and procedures of the City. 3. Term, Salary and

Lisa Swarthout; Mayor Jeffrey Foltz

2009-01-01

441

City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S. Fox, and Michael Gruninger  

E-print Network

City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S in recogniz- ing knowledge requirements of city government. This model, which we denote as City Knowledge Patterns, is a set of standard Knowledge Patterns identifying the concepts required to represent municipal

442

‘New Americans’ in a ‘New-South’ city? Immigrant and refugee politics in the Music City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the early 1990s, many cities and towns in the US South have witnessed dramatic transformations in their racial and ethnic composition. Although these changes largely reflect spectacular Latino population growth, refugee resettlements (including Kurdish, Sudanese, Somalian and Bosnian settlers) for the last two decades have also increased ethnic diversity across the region. In some southern American cities, the combination

Jamie Winders

2006-01-01

443

Urbanization in Kurdish cities after The Islamic revolution of Iran, case study Saqqez city  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many transformations have occurred in Iranian society. Saqqez has 147,000 person populations in the year of 2011. After Islamic revolution population has been increased rapidly in this sector of Iran and many rural inhabitants come to Kurdish cities especially Saqqez and led to the overthrowing of traditional connections between cities and villages. This condition has been exacerbated after the war

Mortaza Tavakoli; Akbar Heydari

444

City Kids Count: Data on the Well-Being of Children in Large Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the best available data on children living in the 50 largest cities in the United States. Each city is assessed in terms of 10 key indicators of child well-being. These indicators focus, as they do in the annual "Kids Count" report, on outcome measures of children's educational social, economic, and physical well-being.…

Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.

445

On the Internet of Things, smart cities and the WHO Healthy Cities.  

PubMed

This article gives a brief overview of the Internet of Things (IoT) for cities, offering examples of IoT-powered 21st century smart cities, including the experience of the Spanish city of Barcelona in implementing its own IoT-driven services to improve the quality of life of its people through measures that promote an eco-friendly, sustainable environment. The potential benefits as well as the challenges associated with IoT for cities are discussed. Much of the 'big data' that are continuously generated by IoT sensors, devices, systems and services are geo-tagged or geo-located. The importance of having robust, intelligent geospatial analytics systems in place to process and make sense of such data in real time cannot therefore be overestimated. The authors argue that IoT-powered smart cities stand better chances of becoming healthier cities. The World Health Organization (WHO) Healthy Cities Network and associated national networks have hundreds of member cities around the world that could benefit from, and harness the power of, IoT to improve the health and well-being of their local populations. PMID:24669838

Kamel Boulos, Maged N; Al-Shorbaji, Najeeb M

2014-01-01

446

Building a Learning City: Developing School and Community Coalitions in Oklahoma City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study focuses on a district and community relations plan developed in Oklahoma City Public Schools. This article provides a description of the proposal regarding MAPS for KIDS (Metropolitan Area Projects for Keep Improving District Schools) in Oklahoma City from 1998 through November 2001, and it explores the coalitions that…

Garn, Gregg

2005-01-01

447

IEEESPECTRUMDecember2002 he war was going well. City after city had fallen  

E-print Network

40 SOFTWARE IEEESPECTRUM·December2002 T he war was going well. City after city had fallen before my intelligence (AI). The video game in which this AI was embedded was Civi- lization III [see screenshot, opposite page]. The creation of Firaxis Games (Hunt Valley, Md.), Civilization III sets the player

Delbruck, Tobi

448

ORDINANCE NO. ________________ N.S. AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF  

E-print Network

in the construction and remodeling of buildings can result in significant cost savings and environmental benefits FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND/OR RENOVATION OF COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Now, therefore, the City Council that commercial and residential building renovations and construction projects are consistent with the City

449

Selling the ‘scary city’: gendering freedom, fear and condominium development in the neoliberal city  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contemporary postindustrial cities, urban revitalization policies are discursively linked, in part, to urban fears and relations of threat. In Toronto, these tensions are inscribed in the city through new-build gentrification in the form of condominium development, a process that has created tens of thousands of securitized residential spaces. These spaces, I suggest, are produced in part through gendered ideologies

Leslie Kern

2010-01-01

450

City emergency "blue light" telephone (maintained by the city of Evanston)  

E-print Network

STREET Ford Motor Company Engineering Design Center Catalysis Center Frances Searle Building Leonard B City emergency "blue light" telephone (maintained by the city of Evanston) CHURCH STREET DAVIS STREET ISABELLA STREET CENTRAL STREET ASHLANDAVENUE ASBURYAVENUE Wieboldt House (one block north) President

Shahriar, Selim

451

75 FR 56467 - Safety Zone; Ocean City Beachfront Air Show, Ocean City, NJ  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...safety zone in an area of the Atlantic Ocean, Ocean City, NJ. The temporary...traffic from a portion of the Atlantic Ocean during the Ocean City Beachfront...be held over the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The temporary safety zone...

2010-09-16

452

'Neighbourhood Effects' and 'City Effects': Immigrants' Transition to Employment in Swedish Large City-Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important debate in current research and policy focuses on the role of spatial characteristics and urban residential segregation on the social mobility of immigrants. Much focus has been on ‘neighbourhood effects’, and on how internal spatial variations within the city affects the life careers of immigrants. We add the analysis of variations of labour market incorporation between cities to

Charlotta Hedberg; Tiit Tammaru

2010-01-01

453

City Council Memorandum TO: HONORABLE MAYOR AND CITY COUNCIL DATE: MAY 14, 2013  

E-print Network

RESOURCES ACT ISSUE: The item for City Council consideration is approval of a Renewable Portfolio Standard Resources Act. RECOMMENDATIONS: That the City Council: 1. Adopt the Riverside Public Utilities Renewable renewable resources by 2017. California SB 107, enacted in 2006, accelerated the renewable procurement goal

454

Developing a City Governance Index: Based on Surveys in Five Major Chinese Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the establishment of a City Governance Index to evaluate the levels of governance of cities. We identified seven key dimensions of governance and then divided each of them into four stages: input, mechanism, result and effect. Each dimension/stage mix is correlated with indicators that can be measured with both objective and…

Yong, Guo; Wenhao, Cheng

2012-01-01

455

A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities: 1990. A 30-City Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess the status of hunger and homelessness in urban America during 1990, the U.S. Conference of Mayors surveyed the 30 major cities whose mayors are members of its Task Force on Hunger and Homelessness. This report summarizes survey findings. The survey sought information from each city on the following questions: (1) the demand for emergency…

Waxman, Laura DeKoven; Reyes, Lilia M.

456

A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities: 1991. A 28-City Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess the status of hunger and homelessness in urban America during 1991, The U.S. Conference of Mayors surveyed 28 major cities whose mayors are members of its Task Force on Hunger and Homelessness. The survey sought information and estimates from each city on: (1) the demand for emergency food assistance and emergency shelter and the…

Waxman, Laura DeKoven

457

A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities, 2001: A 27-City Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess the status of hunger and homelessness in U.S. cities during 2001, data were collected from 27 cities on demands for emergency food assistance and shelter and the capacity of local agencies to meet that demand; causes of hunger and homelessness and demographics of populations experiencing them; exemplary responses; availability of…

Lowe, Eugene T.

458

A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities, 2002: A 25-City Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess the status of hunger and homelessness in U.S. cities during 2002, 25 major cities completed surveys regarding demand for emergency food assistance and emergency shelter and capacity of local agencies to meet the demand; causes of hunger and homelessness and demographics of populations experiencing these problems; exemplary programs or…

Lowe, Eugene T.

459

A Status Report on Homeless Families in America's Cities. A 29-City Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey assesses the status of homelessness among families in cities. The data were collected from city officials during April 1987. The findings include the following: (1) the number of homeless families increased by 31 percent during the last two years; (2) families represented one-third of the homeless and a single parent headed two-thirds…

Waxman, Laura DeKoven; Reyes, Lilia M.

460

Seismic risk assessment for Yerevan city  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study was to conduct a seismic risk assessment for the territory of Yerevan city with the aim to evaluate potential earthquake hazard and associated risk and losses. This study enables the assessment of seismic risk in the city and evaluates the geographical distribution of potential human and building losses due to proposed earthquake scenarios. The results of this study are presented in form of various mapped seismic hazard parameters such as peak ground acceleration, spectral acceleration, as well as assessed parameters for expected life, building and lifeline losses. The study has been the first of its kind for Yerevan city that will serve as the first step in building a risk analysis tools to be used by governmental entities and other organizations for planning future disaster response efforts.

Durgaryan, Raffi

2014-05-01

461

Did Nile flooding sink two ancient cities?  

PubMed

The discovery of the two cities of Herakleion and East Canopus under the waters of the Bay of Abu Qir (east of Alexandria, Egypt) stirred worldwide attention when it was first announced in the summer of 2000. Their disappearance some 1,250 years ago has been ascribed by Stanley, Goddio and Schnepp to a strong Nile flood that caused riverbank failure and the destruction of the two cities, rather than to the action of earthquakes, as was first proposed when the ruins were discovered. But I believe that this interpretation is flawed, because no flood could have reached the Abu Qir Bay at the time of the disappearance of the two cities, as the Canopic branch of the Nile, along whose banks they were situated, had dried to a trickle more than 200 years earlier. PMID:11780107

Said, Rushdi

2002-01-01

462

"Sleuron Virus" (Human Learning - Kinetic City)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The "Sleuron virus module" focuses on learning, practicing, and the ability to get better at things. Among the concepts covered are motor skills (such as reaction time), the human brain, short term memory, and the ability to give and receive accurate instructions. This learning object may be used as reinforcement of learning objectives accomplished in the classroom. The Sleuron Virus module is equipped with a computer-based simulation mind game, creative writing exercise for independent study, and art-centered exercises, as well as lesson plans hands on games and activities designed for a group. KINETIC CITY DESCRIPTION: "Kinetic City"(www.kineticcity.com) is a fun, Web-based after-school science club for kids, ages 8 through 11. It combines exciting online animations and activities with boxes of hands-on science experiments. Children earn "Kinetic City" power points and collect stickers as they complete missions and learn standards-based science content. Here's how it works: The "Kinetic City" super crew (Keisha, Curtis, Megan and Max) needs the help of Earth kids to save their planet Vearth, from the science-distorting computer virus Deep Delete. Each of Deep Delete's 60 hideous strains attacks a different area of science with disastrous consequences. After each attack, teams of Earth kids fight back by viewing a short online animation describing the situation on Vearth; performing a series of activities to re-learn the lost science and going on a mission to Vearth during which they answer science questions and gobble up Deep Delete viruses. Their scores appear on their own Kinetic City Club Web page. "Kinetic City" is produced by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), with a grant from the National Science Foundation. AAAS writes the "Project 2061 Benchmarks for Science Literacy," which forms the basis of most state science standards.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (;)

2005-01-01

463

The New York City-HIP Contract  

PubMed Central

With the signing of a contract not to exceed $25 million, the Health Insurance Plan of New York (HIP) and the City of New York applied the concept of the Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) on a scale never before attempted. Beginning in January 1978, as many as 100,000 Medicaid eligible individuals and families were enrolled in a prepaid group medical plan as participants in an experiment whose success or failure depended largely upon the City health system's ability to adapt to change. It also depended upon the support of the major health interests in this unique effort at rational, systemwide health planning. PMID:583348

Bernard, Canute C.

1979-01-01

464

Modeling of hazardous wind conditions in cities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the problem of risk of the death in their homes due to poisoning carbon monoxide and methane during the heating devices. This often happens when strong winds above the city. Areas of high anomalies atmospheric pressure are dangerous for heating homes. The problem of mathematical modeling of the formation of dangerous atmospheric anomalies in a large city. Problems of mathematical modeling of the formation of a strong wind near the buildings of zones of excessive static pressure. It shows the advantages of mathematical modeling to physical experiments.

Jaroshenko, Victor; Vitukov, Valentyn; Kapochkin, Borys; Kruchkov, Leonid

2010-05-01

465

LGBTQs in the city, queering urban space.  

PubMed

Since the 1960s, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) culture has developed in big cities and metropolises everywhere (not only in the West, but also in Asia, Latin America and indeed Africa). This essay examines how cities provide the spatial conditions necessary for the formation of such emancipatory movements based on identity politics and strategies which transcend binary gender dualism. The starting point of this investigation is my thesis that only urban life enables LGBTQ individuals to live their lives fully, realize their (sexual) identities, and furthermore organize themselves collectively, become publicly visible, and appropriate urban, societal and political spaces. PMID:21542205

Doderer, Yvonne P

2011-01-01

466

The vision of a smart city  

SciTech Connect

The vision of ''Smart Cities'' is the urban center of the future, made safe, secure environmentally green, and efficient because all structures--whether for power, water, transportation, etc. are designed, constructed, and maintained making use of advanced, integrated materials, sensors, electronics, and networks which are interfaced with computerized systems comprised of databases, tracking, and decision-making algorithms. This paper discusses a current initiative being led by the Brookhaven National Laboratory to create a research, development and deployment agenda that advances this vision. This is anchored in the application of new technology to current urban center issues while looking 20 years into the future and conceptualizing a city framework that may exist.

Hall, R.E.; Bowerman, B.; Braverman, J.; Taylor, J.; Todosow, H.; Von Wimmersperg, U.

2000-09-28

467

OKLAHOMA CITY UNIVERSITY VOLUME 32 SPRING 2007  

E-print Network

.H. 2003). 87 #12;88 Oklahoma City University Law Review [Vol. 32 such as states banning assisted suicide or gay marriages;3 (4) proprietary intrusions, such as a publisher using a family's group portrait, 521 U.S. 702, 705-06 (1997) (assisted suicide) and Lewis v. Harris, 908 A.2d 196,200 (N.J. 2006) (gay

Sharp, Kim

468

"Peasants in Cities": Paradox or Conceptual Muddle?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in response to T. G. McGee's recent discussion of the "peasants in cities" paradox (see EJ080361), this article argues that a modified version of Eric Wolf's definition of "peasants" is the most useful one currently available. (Author/KM)

Isaac, Barry L.

1974-01-01

469

Libraries in the Mexico City Earthquake.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of damage from the Mexico City earthquake of September 1985, some of the busiest public and special libraries had to be closed. A National Committee for the Reconstruction of Libraries was established, and international support was received through the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions and other…

de Zamora, Rosa Maria Fernandez

1990-01-01

470

CityResearch Professor Paul Curran  

E-print Network

applied, relevant and cutting-edge research that brings real benefits to industry, business, focused on business and the professions, and to be ranked within the top 2 per cent of universities that makes business sense Night at the museumfor City book Shedding light on perform ance and w ellbeing at w

Martin, Ralph R.

471

CITY OF SANTA BARBARA SEALEVEL RISE VULNERABILITY  

E-print Network

CITY OF SANTA BARBARA SEALEVEL RISE VULNERABILITY STUDY A White Paper from: California Energy Commission Prepared by: University of California, Santa Cruz #12;i DISCLAIMER of California, Santa Cruz #12;ii ABSTRACT Cliff and bluff erosion, flooding of lowlying areas, and damage

472

The Evolution of One-Newspaper Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of several papers presented at a Federal Trade Commission Symposium on Media Concentration. It analyzes trends in the development of one-newspaper cities. Some of the trends noted are that face-to-face competition has declined considerably over the last five decades, going from 90% of the circulation in 1923 to 30% of the circulation…

Rosse, James N.

473

Valley City State College Planning Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Valley City State College, North Dakota, planning manual, which was based on the Futures Creating Paradigm methodology, is presented. The paradigm is a methodology for interdisciplinary policy planning and establishment of objectives and goals. The first planning stage involved preparing comprehensive narratives in the following areas likely…

Valley City State Coll., ND.

474

Heat island development in Mexico City  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper describes the climatology of the near surface urban heat island of Mexico City, using hourly data from two recently installed automatic stations at a rural and an urban site. The results show that the nocturnal heat island was more frequent (75% of the time for the period examined) than daytime cases (25%). The maximum nocturnal heat island

Ernesto Jauregui

1997-01-01

475

Singapore: An intelligent city?state  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the growth of Singapore as a city state under colonial rule and traces the meteoric rise of its information sector. The first part documents the various telecommunications investments in Singapore and the role of information in the production and distribution processes contributing to the overall growth of GNP. The second part analyzes the impact of Multinational Corporations

Meheroo Jussawalla; Toh Mun Heng; Linda Low

1992-01-01

476

The Muddy City: Minimal Spanning Trees  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this puzzle, learners investigate the decisions involved in linking a network between houses in a muddy city. It can lead on to a discussion of minimal spanning tree algorithms for optimizing networks. Additional activities, background information, and solutions are included, beginning on page 4 of the PDF.

Bell, Tim; Witten, Ian; Fellows, Mike; Adams, Robyn; Mckenzie, Jane

2005-01-01

477

Preparing Teachers for the Inner-City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1962, in order to improve its Teacher Preparation Program, Texas Southern University administered achievement, self-concept, I.Q., and interest tests in local schools in different types of neighborhoods. It was found that those students in "inner-city schools" scored at or near the bottom of these tests. When the test results were reviewed with…

Claye, Clifton M.

478

America's New Cities and the Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the phenomenon of rapid growth of suburban cities and identifies implications for higher education. Suggested are branch campuses, multi-institutional centers, targeted high-tech centers, and distributed interactive institutes. Changes in delivery systems, including modifying the academic calendar and using interactive media,…

Norris, Donald; And Others

1990-01-01

479

Did the Oklahoma City Bombers Succeed?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The worst case of domestic terrorism in our country's history, the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, led to the enactment of a landmark antiterrorism statute. Not surprisingly, several of the statute's provisions strengthen federal power in extraordinary and unprecedented ways to counter the threat of terrorism. But other provisions radically restrict the ability of

Jordan Steiker

2001-01-01

480

Scalable pedestrian simulation for virtual cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the common approaches for the pedestrian simulation, used in the Graphics\\/VR community, are bottom-up. The avatars are individually simulated in the space and the overall behavior emerges from their interactions. This can lead to interesting results but it does not scale and can not be applied to populating a whole city. In this paper we present a novel

Soteris Stylianou; Marios M. Fyrillas; Yiorgos Chrysanthou

2004-01-01

481

Interactive Dig Sagalassos: City in the Clouds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the beginning of the 18th century, Sagalassos, City in the Clouds, was discovered in Turkey. Upon first seeing the ruined city, Paul Lucas, on a mission for Louis XIV, described the ruined city as someplace once inhabited by fairies. Over a century later, the preserved ruins of Sagalassos were considered indispensable by students of antiquity, and in modern times, the site has been excavated extensively by a team of scholars from the Catholic University of Leuven. This site is designed by the good people at Archaeology Magazine for people interested in the site who cannot make it to Turkey themselves. On the site, visitors can read field reports from the different areas of the site (such as the Roman baths located there), look at the âÂÂFind Of Weekâ item, and learn about the daily life in and around the camp. Additionally, visitors would do well to consult the map of the excavation site in order to accurately gauge their bearings within the ancient city and Turkey.

2005-01-01

482

Twin Cities Campus Accountancy M.Acc.  

E-print Network

· · · · · · Twin Cities Campus Accountancy M.Acc. Accounting Curtis L. Carlson School of Management that apply to all major fields. The M.Acc. program offers students a one-year program with a broad selection and developed by Carlson School faculty with extensive input and ongoing consultation with executives from

Blanchette, Robert A.

483

South African Cities: A Social Geography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of the development of cities in South Africa, paying special attention to the development of urban social controls. Three eras are identified: (1) mercantilism, (2) imperialism, and (3) apartheid. Concludes that enormous human costs are entailed by these attempts at social engineering. (JDH)

Western, John

1986-01-01

484

Apply Today! City of San Carlos  

E-print Network

reduce the impact of these increasing costs NOW by installing energy-saving lights, heating and cooling Amount: $657,303 Annual Energy Cost Savings: $81,151 Annual Electrical Savings: 383,923 kWh ReducedApply Today! LOW INTEREST RATE LOANS AVAILABLE NOW! City of San Carlos California Energy Commission

485

Twin Cities Campus Addiction Studies Postbaccalaureate Certificate  

E-print Network

· · · · · · · Twin Cities Campus Addiction Studies Postbaccalaureate Certificate CCE Addiction: Addiction Studies, Degree and Certificate Programs, 20 Ruttan Hall, 1994 Buford Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108 (612-624-4000; fax: 612- 625-1511) Email: cceinfo@umn.edu Website: http://www.cce.umn.edu/Addiction

Blanchette, Robert A.

486

8, 83578384, 2008 Mexico City pollution  

E-print Network

of concerns about the potential health effects of air pollutants25 on its 20 million inhabitants, and also location (19 N, 2.2 km above sea level) is conducive to fast photochemistry forming secondary pollutantsACPD 8, 8357­8384, 2008 Mexico City pollution weekend effect S. Stephens et al. Title Page Abstract

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

487

Mayoral Control in the Windy City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When former U.S. congressman and Obama administration chief of staff Rahm Emanuel marched triumphantly into the Chicago mayor's office in 2011, he promised to revamp Chicago Public Schools (CPS) in ways that had barely been contemplated in 16 years of mayoral control over the city's sprawling public-school system. This article discusses…

Russo, Alexander

2014-01-01

488

Twin Cities Metro Advanced Practice Center  

E-print Network

contact with ready-to-eat and ready-to­serve foods. 8. Supply adequate hand-washing facilities and hand contamination. 14. Cleaned & sanitize all food preparation areas. 15. Segregate or discard damaged foodTwin Cities Metro Advanced Practice Center Food Safety Self Inspection Checklist #12;Table

489

Social Exclusion and the Future of Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In both Britain and the United States, people have been moving away from the inner cities to suburban developments, often leaving behind concentrations of poverty and decaying neighbourhoods. Anne Power's paper focuses on the British situation. As Britain comes to terms with the implications of urban renaissance, a new way must be found of looking at regeneration based on rebuilding

Anne Power; William Julius Wilson

2000-01-01

490

Concept of a Model City Complex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The model cities concept calls for an educational complex which includes the nonschool educational institutions and facilities of the community as well as actual school facilities. Such an educational complex would require a wider administrative base than the school yet smaller than the municipal government. Examples of nonschool educational…

Giammatteo, Michael C.

491

Honorary Recognition 1909-2013 City County  

E-print Network

Honorary Recognition 1909-2013 City County 1909 Charles Perry Goodrich Fort Atkinson Jefferson Atkinson Jefferson Charles Wesley Marsh De Kalb, IL William Wallace Marsh Sycamore, IL 1913 Herbert Winslow Atkinson Jefferson Eugene Duncan Funk Bloomington, IL Robert Hall Lena Oconto David Imrie Roberts St. Croix

492

Bug City: Spiders and Scorpions [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Bug City" is a video series created to help children learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic photography, fun…

1998

493

Innovative Degree Programs Matched to City Strengths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, IUPUI has steadily acquired a considerable national reputation as an up-and-coming university. Some of the reasons for this recognition include the RISE Initiative and the large number of innovative degree programs recently started at IUPUI based on campus strengths and the priorities of the city of Indianapolis. Some specific…

Sukhatme, Uday

2011-01-01

494

Sales Trainee (Field) Quebec City, QC  

E-print Network

car, cell phone, paid travel expenses, laptop, company pension plan, and corporate discounts! JobSales Trainee (Field) Quebec City, QC Company Information: Founded in 1866, Reynolds and Reynolds for each area of the dealership including parts, service, accounting, and sales. Reynolds employs more than

495

Leukemia in Hiroshima City Atomic Bomb Survivors  

Microsoft Academic Search

An attempt is made to establish a quantitative relation between ; radiation-induced leukemia and the unit-dose of radiation received. Data are ; presented which are based on studies of the survivors of the atomic bombings in ; Hiroshima City, Japan. (C.H.);

Niel Wald

1958-01-01

496

GEGR10106/PGGE11191 DIVIDED CITIES  

E-print Network

of injustice that we will encounter throughout this course. As I walked around what was left of Cabrini trying to decide which is worst." Peter Marcuse (1993) "What's so new about divided cities other social question affecting the fate of the workers." Friedrich Engels (1872) The Housing Question

497

District Heating System, City of Caliente, Nevada.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An updated feasibility study of the district heating system is described. The study was made in two parts, Option 1 and Option 2. Option 1 is a district heating system for the city of Caliente only, whereas Option 2 assumes making 140 exp 0 F water availa...

T. Karlsson

1984-01-01

498

Bug City: Crickets, Grasshoppers & Friends [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Bug City" is a video series created to help children (grades 1-6) learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon, including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic…

1998

499

Big City Resource Inequalities: The Philadelphia Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The degree of inequality of selected fiscal variables between a big city school district (the school district of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), and the top spending school districts in the same state was studied across time. Comparisons were made on the basis of size and location of districts and the following variables: expenditures, wealth, local…

Walters, Donald L.

500

Bridges and the City: An Interdisciplinary Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an interdisciplinary project to help elementary school children discover the relationship among technology, history, and geography that involved the building of a model Brooklyn Bridge and considering the history and role of the real bridge. Suggestions for similar projects for other cities are appended. (JPB)

Singer, Judith Y.; Goodman, Cecelia; Ridley, Theodora; Singer, Alan

2000-01-01