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1

ON NUMERICAL ENTROPY INEQUALITIES FOR A CLASS OF RELAXED HUAZHONG TANG y , TAO TANG z AND JINGHUA WANG $  

E-print Network

ON NUMERICAL ENTROPY INEQUALITIES FOR A CLASS OF RELAXED SCHEMES HUAZHONG TANG y , TAO TANG z of US and NSF of China Joint Research Proposal No. INT­9601376. 1 #12; 2 HUAZHONG TANG, TAO TANG AND JINGHUA WANG above are mostly in the L 1 sense. In [12], Tadmor and Tang obtained the first

Tang, Tao

2

Scalable Learning of Collective Behavior Lei Tang, Xufei Wang, and Huan Liu  

E-print Network

1 Scalable Learning of Collective Behavior Lei Tang, Xufei Wang, and Huan Liu Abstract--This study have no idea why they are connected to each other. This Lei Tang, Yahoo! Labs, Santa Clara, CA 95054, USA, l.tang@asu.edu. Xufei Wang and Huan Liu, Computer Science & Engineering, Arizona State University

Liu, Huan

3

Proportional Hazards Regression with Unknown Link Function By WEI WANG  

E-print Network

the unknown index by assuming a known link function between the log-hazard function and covariates. A linearProportional Hazards Regression with Unknown Link Function By WEI WANG Harvard Medical School | z} = 0(t) exp (0 T z) , (1) where 0(t) is an unknown baseline hazard function corresponding to z

Wang, Jane-Ling

4

Modeling and Detection of Camouflaging Worm Wei Yu, Xun Wang, Prasad Calyam, Dong Xuan, and Wei Zhao  

E-print Network

1 Modeling and Detection of Camouflaging Worm Wei Yu, Xun Wang, Prasad Calyam, Dong Xuan, and Wei them. In this paper, we investigate a new class of active worms, referred to as Camouflaging Worm (C manipulate its scan traffic volume over time. Thereby, the C-Worm camouflages its propagation from existing

Calyam, Prasad

5

A NULL SPACE FREE JACOBI-DAVIDSON ITERATION FOR MAXWELL'S TSUNG-MING HUANG , YIN-LIANG HUANG , WEN-WEI LIN , AND WEI-CHENG WANG  

E-print Network

A NULL SPACE FREE JACOBI-DAVIDSON ITERATION FOR MAXWELL'S OPERATOR TSUNG-MING HUANG , YIN-LIANG HUANG , WEN-WEI LIN §, AND WEI-CHENG WANG ¶ Abstract. We present an efficient null space free Jacobi-Davidson of a discrete vector potential. During the Jacobi-Davidson iteration, the correction process is applied

Lin, Wen-Wei

6

Capability and Fidelity of Mote-class Wireless Jordan Cote, Bing Wang, Wei Zeng, Zhijie Shi  

E-print Network

Capability and Fidelity of Mote-class Wireless Sniffers Jordan Cote, Bing Wang, Wei Zeng, Zhijie, and hence requires no change to the application; (2) it does not consume scarce resources (e.g., CPU, memory a large number of message exchanges, which can be very resource consuming [12]. sniffer can handle

Shi, Zhijie Jerry

7

On Resilience of Structured Peer-to-Peer Systems Shengquan Wang, Dong Xuan and Wei Zhao  

E-print Network

1 On Resilience of Structured Peer-to-Peer Systems Shengquan Wang, Dong Xuan and Wei Zhao Abstract--In this paper, we propose an approach to analyze the resilience to failures of structured P2P systems neighbors and special neighbors have differ- ent influences on the resilience features of P2P systems. More

Xuan, Dong

8

A Study of Cloning in the Linux SCSI Drivers Wei Wang and Michael W. Godfrey  

E-print Network

A Study of Cloning in the Linux SCSI Drivers Wei Wang and Michael W. Godfrey David R. Cheriton}@uwaterloo.ca Abstract--To date, most research on software code cloning has concentrated on detection and analysis techniques and their evaluation, and most empirical studies of cloning have investigated cloning within

Godfrey, Michael W.

9

A Comprehensive Ontology for Knowledge Representation in the Internet of Things Wei Wang, Suparna De  

E-print Network

A Comprehensive Ontology for Knowledge Representation in the Internet of Things Wei Wang, Suparna-mail: {K.Moessner}@surrey.ac.uk Abstract--Semantic modeling for the Internet of Things has become of a comprehensive description ontology for knowledge representation in the domain of Internet of Things and discuss

Wei, Wang

10

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Donna Wang, Mac McNicol, Vincent Tang, David Jacob, Isaiah Kim  

E-print Network

content of the source fuel to the energy used to turnNicol, Vincent Tang, David Jacob, Isaiah Kim An Investigation into Optimal Modes of Campus Food Delivery APSC 262 Investigation into Optimal Modes of Campus Food Delivery David Jacob Isaiah Kim Vincent Tang Qian Yu Wang Mac Mc

11

Detecting Worms via Mining Dynamic Program Xun Wang, Wei Yu, Adam Champion, Xinwen Fu and Dong Xuan  

E-print Network

Detecting Worms via Mining Dynamic Program Execution Xun Wang, Wei Yu, Adam Champion, Xinwen Fu and Dong Xuan Abstract-- Worm attacks have been major security threats to the Internet. Detecting worms, especially new, unseen worms, is still a challenging problem. In this paper, we propose a new worm detection

Xuan, Dong

12

Self-powered nanowire devices Sheng Xu, Yong Qin, Chen Xu, Yaguang Wei, Rusen Yang and Zhong Lin Wang*  

E-print Network

Self-powered nanowire devices Sheng Xu, Yong Qin, Chen Xu, Yaguang Wei, Rusen Yang and Zhong Lin Wang* The harvesting of mechanical energy from ambient sources could power electrical devices without such as piezoelectric nanowires have steadily improved, the voltage and power produced by a single nanowire

Wang, Zhong L.

13

DMQL: A Data Mining Query Language for Relational Databases \\Lambda Jiawei Han Yongjian Fu Wei Wang Krzysztof Koperski Osmar Zaiane  

E-print Network

DMQL: A Data Mining Query Language for Relational Databases \\Lambda Jiawei Han Yongjian Fu Wei Wang@cs.sfu.ca Abstract The emerging data mining tools and systems lead naturally to the demand of a powerful data mining. This motivates us to design a data mining query language, DMQL, for mining different kinds of knowledge

Fu, Yongjian

14

DMQL: A Data Mining Query Language for Relational Databases Jiawei Han Yongjian Fu Wei Wang Krzysztof Koperski Osmar Zaiane  

E-print Network

DMQL: A Data Mining Query Language for Relational Databases Jiawei Han Yongjian Fu Wei Wang@cs.sfu.ca Abstract The emerging data mining tools and systems lead naturally to the demand of a powerful data mining. This motivates us to design a data mining query language, DMQL, for mining di erent kinds of knowledge

Zaiane, Osmar R.

15

An Analytical Model for Generalized ESP Games Bo-Chun Wang, Chien-Wei Lin, Kuan-Ta Chen, Ling-Jyh Chen  

E-print Network

An Analytical Model for Generalized ESP Games Bo-Chun Wang, Chien-Wei Lin, Kuan-Ta Chen, Ling-Jyh Chen Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taiwan Abstract The ESP game belongs. In this study, we consider general- ized ESP games with two objectives. First, we propose an analytical model

Chen, Sheng-Wei

16

Structural Features of Toxic Chemicals for Specific Toxicity Jiansuo Wang, Luhua Lai,* and Youqi Tang  

E-print Network

Structural Features of Toxic Chemicals for Specific Toxicity Jiansuo Wang, Luhua Lai,* and Youqi Received April 22, 1999 We have studied the structural features of toxic chemicals from the RTECS database are gained by computational chemistry approaches. These structural features of toxic chemicals

Luhua, Lai

17

Survival and Aging in the Wild via Residual Demography Hans-Georg Muller1, Jane-Ling Wang1, Wei Yu2, Aurore Delaigle3 and James R. Carey4,5  

E-print Network

Survival and Aging in the Wild via Residual Demography Hans-Georg M¨uller1, Jane-Ling Wang1, Wei Yu, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA 4Center for the Economics and Demography of Aging, University of California-mail: mueller@wald.ucdavis.edu 1 #12;Summary Information about the age distribution and survival of wild

Müller, Hans-Georg

18

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng, Duoming Wang, Dongxia Shi,  

E-print Network

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng: Fabrication of graphene nanostructures is of importance for both investigating their intrinsic physical approach for graphene nanostructures. Compared with conventional lithographic fabrication techniques

Zhang, Guangyu

19

Acanthuridae (surgeon shes, tangs,  

E-print Network

Acanthuridae (surgeon shes, tangs, unicorn shes) Naso tang or Orangespine Unicorn sh Naso literatus P Atlantic blue tang Acanthurus coeruleus Doctor sh tang Acanthurus chirurgus Yellow tang Zebrasoma Tang Doctor sh Tang Naso Tang (not present now) Rock Beauty Angel sh Sergeant-Major Yellow Tang

Sullivan, Matthew B.

20

On Detecting Camouflaging Worm , Xun Wang  

E-print Network

On Detecting Camouflaging Worm Wei Yu½ , Xun Wang¾ , Prasad Calyam¿ , Dong Xuan¾ , and Wei Zhao of active worms, i.e., Camouflaging Worm (C-Worm in short). The C-Worm has the capability to intelligently manipulate its scan traf- fic volume over time, thereby camouflaging its propagation from existing worm

Calyam, Prasad

21

Crater Detection Using Bayesian Classifiers and LASSO , Wei Ding2  

E-print Network

-bayesian classification; feature selection; crater detection; Lasso I. INTRODUCTION Impact craters, or craters for shortCrater Detection Using Bayesian Classifiers and LASSO Ying Wang1 , Wei Ding2 , Kui Yu1 , Hao Wang1 sub-kilometer craters in planetary images is a challenging task due to their non

Ding, Wei

22

PAVEMENT CRACK DETECTION BASED ON SALIENCY AND STATISTICAL FEATURES Zhenmin Tang  

E-print Network

PAVEMENT CRACK DETECTION BASED ON SALIENCY AND STATISTICAL FEATURES Wei Xu Zhenmin Tang Jun Zhou ABSTRACT Traditional pavement crack detection methods can not cope well with the complexity and diversity of noises in large image area. To solve this problem, we propose a novel unsupervised crack detection

Zhou, Jun

23

A hole accelerator for InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes Zi-Hui Zhang, Wei Liu, Swee Tiam Tan, Yun Ji, Liancheng Wang, Binbin Zhu, Yiping Zhang, Shunpeng Lu,  

E-print Network

A hole accelerator for InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes Zi-Hui Zhang, Wei Liu, Swee Tiam Tan, Yun Ji://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/105/15?ver=pdfcov Published by the AIP Publishing Articles you may be interested in p-doping-free InGaN/GaN.1063/1.4858386 The effect of silicon doping in the barrier on the electroluminescence of InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

24

Virginia M. Weis, 1 VIRGINIA MCCULLOUGH WEIS  

E-print Network

. Schnitzler, A. Poole, and V. M. Weis. 2012. Regulation of cnidarian- dinoflagellate mutualisms: Evidence of barotrauma and recovery in Pacific rockfish. Journal of Fish Biology.81(1) 181- 196. 58. Chen, W.-N., H in the regulation of cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbioses. Biological Bulletin 221:261-269. 55. Schnitzler, C. E

25

[Analysis of Wang Shuhe's academic contribution and epistemology.  

PubMed

Wang Shuhe is considered to be Zhang Zhongjing's disciple according to four reasons: A. the acquaintance of Yu Jiaxi and Fan Xingzhun and others. B. the close relation of Wang Shuhe and Wei Xun. C. Zhang Zhongjing's complete works kept by Wang Shuhe and Wang Shuhe's autobiography. D. the record in Maijing and that Wang Shuhe called Zhang Zhongjing master. It was speculated that Wang Shuhe was the minister of imperial medical affairs of the Wu Kingdom from the title of the emperor's reign recorded by Huang Fumi and Jingzhou's attribution. He contributed to Traditional Chinese Medicine in three aspects-preserving and classifying Zhang Zhongjng's complete works; preserving literature on pulse diagnosis, writing Maijing and standardizing methods for pulse-taking; and advancing the concept of syndrome and Bianzheng (transmutation with steaming in infant feverish perspiration), probing the theory of feverish diseases, and people's well-being, demonstrating the spirit of Bianzhenglunzhi. PMID:21223699

Meng, Qin-Yun

2010-11-01

26

Greg Tang: Making Math Count  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greg Tang has a resume that could get his foot in the door to a lot of places. A graduate of Harvard with both a B.A. and M.A. in economics, Tang has found success as a business executive, a speechwriter, a software designer and owner of a Tae Kwon Do school. After the publication of his first best-selling book for children, "The Grapes of Math"

Pierpont, Katherine

2006-01-01

27

Lap Poon Rupert Tang The Dissertation Committee for Lap Poon Rupert Tang  

E-print Network

Copyright by Lap Poon Rupert Tang 2003 #12; The Dissertation Committee for Lap Poon Rupert Tang: Applications in Natural Language Processing and Relational Data Mining by Lap Poon Rupert Tang, B. Lap Poon Rupert Tang The University of Texas at Austin December 2003 vi #12; Integrating Top

Mooney, Raymond J.

28

www.scichina.com www.springerlink.com 327 19. Wang, S. P., Niu, H. S., Cui, X. Y. et al., Plant communities: Eco-  

E-print Network

Chinese), 2000, 24(5): 547553. 34. Du, G. Z., Qin, G. L., Li, Z. Z. et al., Relationship between species Mechanical energy input to the world oceans due to atmospheric loading WANG Wei1 , QIAN Chengchun1 & HUANG

Huang, Rui Xin

29

By: Logan Woodall Mentor: Dr. Pei Tang  

E-print Network

By: Logan Woodall Mentor: Dr. Pei Tang Computational Analysis of nAChR 4 and 2 Subunit Stability 2009 · Pitt/Duquesne Universities · NIH/NSF · Drs. Pei Tang, Vasyl Bondarenko, Jeffry Madura, and Tommy Tillman #12;References 1. C.G. Canlas, T. Cui, L. Li, Y. Xu, and P. Tang. 2008. J. Phys. Chem. B. 112

Benos, Takis

30

Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics , D. Wang2*  

E-print Network

Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics Z. Wei1* , D. Wang2* , S in graphene oxide (GO) has risen for producing large-scale flexible conductors and for its potential to open conductive nanoribbons with dimensions down to 12 nm have been produced in oxidized epitaxial graphene films

31

C'est ce que montre aussi la valeur de tang u (-It) ; pour 1 = X n', on a tang u _  

E-print Network

675 C'est ce que montre aussi la valeur de tang u (-It) ; pour 1 = 1,~ X n', on a tang u _ 5,8 tang'un angle de 11, avec la tangente au cercle. L'expression de tang 1.{ montre que pour r = c~', tang it tang

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

32

Corporate Decision Analysis: An Engineering Approach Victor Tang  

E-print Network

1 Corporate Decision Analysis: An Engineering Approach by Victor Tang B.S. Electrical Engineering] #12;3 Corporate Decision Analysis: An Engineering Approach by Victor Tang Submitted to the Engineering

de Weck, Olivier L.

33

Practical Introduction to CUDA and GPU Charlie Tang  

E-print Network

Practical Introduction to CUDA and GPU Charlie Tang Centre for Theoretical Neuroscience October 9 programmers See pg. 12 Programming Guide C. Tang CUDA and GPU #12;Overview Examples CUDA "All the cool kids morning before all the football games starts (if you like football) C. Tang CUDA and GPU #12;Overview

Anderson, Charles H.

34

MJO and its relationship to ENSO Youmin Tang1  

E-print Network

MJO and its relationship to ENSO Youmin Tang1 and Bin Yu2 Received 27 July 2007; revised 19 for MJO-ENSO relationship are also discussed. Citation: Tang, Y., and B. Yu (2008), MJO and its. Tang and B. Yu, An analysis of nonlinear relationship between the MJO and ENSO, submitted to Journal

Tang, Youmin

35

RELEASE DATE: October 11, 2013 Swanson to Deliver Tang Lecture  

E-print Network

RELEASE DATE: October 11, 2013 Swanson to Deliver Tang Lecture AMHERST, Mass. ­ On Wednesday, October 16, Eric A. Swanson ('82 B.S., ECE) will deliver the 14th annual Tang Lecture in Campus Center event. The title of this year's Tang Lecture is "Startup Stories: Personal Observations and Other

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

36

Y. TANG and B. YUDecember 2008 867 1. Introduction  

E-print Network

Y. TANG and B. YUDecember 2008 867 1. Introduction Study of the interaction of MJO and ENSO hasAnalysisofNonlinearRelationshipbetweentheMJOandENSO YouminTANG Environmental Science and Engineering, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George. Corresponding author: Youmin Tang, Environmen- tal Science and Engineering, University of North- ern British

Tang, Youmin

37

Fluorescent Probes Q. Shao, Y. Zheng, X. Dong, K. Tang,  

E-print Network

Fluorescent Probes Q. Shao, Y. Zheng, X. Dong, K. Tang, X. Yan,* B. Xing-Resistant Bacteria Qing Shao,[a] Yan Zheng,[b] Xueming Dong,[c] Kai Tang,[c] Xiaomei Yan,*[b] and Bengang Xing@xmu.edu.cn [c] X. Dong, Prof. K. Tang School of Biological Sciences Nanyang Technological University (Singapore

Xing, Bengang

38

Inhibitory effect of Yukmijihwang-tang, a traditional herbal formula against testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia in rats  

PubMed Central

Background Yukmijihwang-tang, a traditional herbal formula, has been used for treating disorder, diabetic mellitus and neurosis in China (Liu-wei-di-huang-tang in Chinese), Japan (Lokumijio-to in Japanese) and Korea for many years. In this study, we investigated the effects of Yukmijihwang-tang water extract (YJT) on the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using a rat model of testosterone propionate (TP)-induced BPH. Methods A total of 30 rats were divided into five groups. One group was used as a control and the other groups received subcutaneous injections of TP for 4?weeks to induce BPH. YJT (200 or 400?mg/kg) was administered daily for 4?weeks to two groups by oral gavage concurrently with the TP. The animals were euthanized, the prostate and body weights were recorded, and tissues were subjected to hormone assays and histomorphology. In addition, we investigated proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression in the prostate using immunoblotting. Results Animals with BPH showed significantly increased absolute and relative prostate weights, increased dihydrotestosterone levels in the serum or prostate and increased PCNA expression in the prostate; however, YJT-treated animals showed significant reductions compared with the animals with TP-induced BPH. Histomorphology also showed that YJT inhibited TP-induced prostatic hyperplasia. Conclusions These findings indicate that YJT effectively inhibited the development of BPH and might be a useful drug clinically. PMID:22520510

2012-01-01

39

The Tang Prize A golden age of cosmopolitan culture, the high point of China's political power: the Tang Dynasty  

E-print Network

1 The Tang Prize A golden age of cosmopolitan culture, the high point of China's political power: the Tang Dynasty has inspired later generations with admiration for its vibrant self-confidence and cosmopolitan inclusiveness. Such are the qualities that the Tang Prize seeks to promote. In 2012 Dr. Samuel Yin

40

T'ang Dynasty Tomb Figure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a print of a T'ang Dynasty tomb figure to acquaint grades 10-12 students with the tools needed for developing aesthetic judgement and artistic criticism. Includes background on the artwork and instructional strategies to help students describe the object, analyze the artmaking process, and formulate their own opinions. (GEA)

Selle, Penny

1988-01-01

41

Grandfather Tang Goes to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how the children's literature book, Grandfather Tang's Story, which is commonly used in the elementary grades, may be used at the high school level to engage students in an exploration of area and perimeter which includes basic operations with square roots, ordering numbers (decimal approximations, and their exact

Johnson, Iris DeLoach

2006-01-01

42

Calendars in Singapore Lee Tang Hwee  

E-print Network

1 Calendars in Singapore Lee Tang Hwee An academic exercise presented in partial fulfillment The calendar is an important tool used in time keeping. Without calendars, we would not be able to plan into the future. Without calendars, I probably would not know when this thesis has to be handed in. Since ancient

Aslaksen, Helmer

43

Bestellung und Umbuchungsantrag Cisco 6945 VoIP Telefon -Wei  

E-print Network

20120208 Bestellung und Umbuchungsantrag Cisco 6945 VoIP Telefon - Wei? Verbindliche Bestellung eines VoIP Telefons des Typs Cisco 6945 (Farbe Wei?) aus dem Portfolio des HRZ der Universität Bielefeld

Moeller, Ralf

44

Bestellung und Umbuchungsantrag Cisco 6901 VoIP Telefon -Wei  

E-print Network

20120208 Bestellung und Umbuchungsantrag Cisco 6901 VoIP Telefon - Wei? Verbindliche Bestellung eines VoIP Telefons des Typs Cisco 6901 (Farbe Wei?) aus dem Portfolio des HRZ der Universität Bielefeld

Moeller, Ralf

45

Forgery attack to Kang-Tang digital signature scheme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2006, Kang and Tang proposed a digital signature scheme without hash functions and message redundancy. They claimed their scheme are more efficient in computation and communication for small device. In this paper, we will point out an new attack to certain the Kang-Tang scheme is insecure.

Fang, Jie; Guo, Yongning; Liu, Chenglian

2014-10-01

46

TANG et al.: DETECTION AND TRACKING OF OCCLUDED PEOPLE 1 Detection and Tracking of Occluded People  

E-print Network

TANG et al.: DETECTION AND TRACKING OF OCCLUDED PEOPLE 1 Detection and Tracking of Occluded People Siyu Tang tang@mpi-inf.mpg.de Mykhaylo Andriluka andriluka@mpi-inf.mpg.de Bernt Schiele schiele;2 TANG et al.: DETECTION AND TRACKING OF OCCLUDED PEOPLE Figure 1: Detection results at equal error rate

47

Y. Tang W.W. Hsieh Hybrid coupled models of the tropical Pacific: II ENSO prediction  

E-print Network

Y. Tang ? W.W. Hsieh Hybrid coupled models of the tropical Pacific: II ENSO prediction Received: 20-linear (Tang et al. 2000; Tang et al. 2001), the coupled interactions between the two components seem more of this study (Tang 2002), two HCMs of the tropical Pacific were studied for their interannual variability

Hsieh, William

48

Yi (Grace) Wang Information  

E-print Network

in Hyperspectral Images, in preparation. Daubechies, I., Bruna, J., Wang, Y. and Yin, R., A Review of ForgeryKenna College, Claremont, CA Nov, 2013 Forgery Detection in Paintings, Joint Statistical Meeting, Montreal and Image Processing. Education University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota USA Ph.D., Mathematics, Aug

Wang, Yi "Grace"

49

Wei Tsang Ooi Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

://www.comp.nus.edu.sg/~ooiwt/ Contents 1 Research Interest 2 2 Current Position 2 3 Appointments 2 4 Education 2 5 Publications 2 6 of Singapore.1996-2001 4 Education B.Sc. in Information Systems and Computer Science, National UniversityTOMCCAP Tracking" To appear in ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications and Applications Wei Cheng

Ooi, Wei Tsang

50

Tool Measures Depths of Defects on a Case Tang Joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A special-purpose tool has been developed for measuring the depths of defects on an O-ring seal surface. The surface lies in a specially shaped ringlike fitting, called a capture feature tang, located on an end of a cylindrical segment of a case that contains a solid-fuel booster rocket motor for launching a space shuttle. The capture feature tang is a part of a tang-and-clevis, O-ring joint between the case segment and a similar, adjacent cylindrical case segment. When the segments are joined, the tang makes an interference fit with the clevis and squeezes the O-ring at the side of the gap.

Ream, M. Bryan; Montgomery, Ronald B.; Mecham, Brent A.; Keirstead, Bums W.

2005-01-01

51

A simple method for estimating variations in the predictability of Youmin Tang and Richard Kleeman  

E-print Network

A simple method for estimating variations in the predictability of ENSO Youmin Tang and Richard; 3309 Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Climatology (1620). Citation: Tang, Y., R. Kleeman, and A. M

Tang, Youmin

52

in Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld's "self-orga-nized criticality" (9). In an essay entitled  

E-print Network

in Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld's "self-orga- nized criticality" (9). In an essay entitled "More of interlinked structures in a Rayleigh- Benard flow. 9. P. Bak, C. Tang, K. Wiesenfeld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 381

Prentiss, Mara

53

The use of ocean reanalysis products to initialize ENSO predictions Youmin Tang,1  

E-print Network

The use of ocean reanalysis products to initialize ENSO predictions Youmin Tang,1 Richard Kleeman,1 and data assimilation; 4263 Oceanography: General: Ocean prediction. Citation: Tang, Y., R. Kleeman, A. M

Tang, Youmin

54

Embodiments in Mixed Presence Groupware 1 Tang, Neustaedter, Greenberg Embodiments for Mixed Presence Groupware  

E-print Network

Embodiments in Mixed Presence Groupware 1 Tang, Neustaedter, Greenberg Embodiments for Mixed Presence Groupware Anthony Tang, Carman Neustaedter and Saul Greenberg Department of Computer Science collaborators working over the digital work surface. In particular, Mixed Presence Groupware (MPG) is software

Greenberg, Saul

55

Lung cancer and indoor air pollution in Xuan Wei, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Xuan Wei County, China has an unusually high lung-cancer mortality rate that cannot be attributed to tobacco use or occupational exposure. Most Xuan Wei residents, especially women, are exposed domestically to smoke from unvented, open pit coal\\/wood fires used for cooking and heating. Samples collected during combustion of smoky coal, smokeless coal, and wood were examined for physical and chemical

J. L. Mumford; X. Z. He; R. S. Chapman; S. R. Cao; D. B. Harris; X. M. Li; Y. L. Xian; W. Z. Jiang; C. W. Xu; J. C. Chuang

1987-01-01

56

LUNG CANCER AND INDOOR AIR POLLUTION IN XUAN WEI, CHINA  

EPA Science Inventory

Xuan Wei County, China has an unusually high lung cancer mortality rate that cannot be attributed to tobacco use or occupational exposure. Most Xuan Wei residents, especially women, are exposed domestically to smoke from unvented, open pit coal/wood fires used for cooking and hea...

57

On the error of computing ab + cd using Cornea, Harrison and Tang's method  

E-print Network

On the error of computing ab + cd using Cornea, Harrison and Tang's method Jean-Michel Muller September 2013 Abstract In their book Scientific Computing on The Itanium [1], Cornea, Harrison and Tang requires the availability of an FMA instruction, was introduced by Cornea, Harrison and Tang in their book

Muller, Jean-Michel

58

What else is there? Search Diversity Examined Mark Sanderson, Jiayu Tang, Thomas Arni, Paul Clough  

E-print Network

What else is there? Search Diversity Examined Mark Sanderson, Jiayu Tang, Thomas Arni, Paul Clough.sanderson, j.tang, t.arni, p.d.clough}@shef.ac.uk Abstract. This paper describes a study on diversity in image. Spärck Jones et al. [1] #12;2 Mark Sanderson, Jiayu Tang, Thomas Arni, Paul Clough discussed the need

Sanderson, Mark

59

The Department of Mechanical Engineering presents: William C. Tang , Ph.D.  

E-print Network

C M E The Department of Mechanical Engineering presents: William C. Tang , Ph.D. Biomedical the morphologicalchangesonthesurfaceofthemalariainfectedavianRBCasbiomarkershas beenestablished. Bibliography: William C. Tang received his Ph.D. in EECS from and nanoscale technologies for biomedical research. Dr. Tang is a Fellow and Chartered Physicist

Lyubomirsky, Ilya

60

ENSO Predictability of a Fully Coupled GCM Model Using Singular Vector Analysis YOUMIN TANG  

E-print Network

ENSO Predictability of a Fully Coupled GCM Model Using Singular Vector Analysis YOUMIN TANG (e.g., Penland and Sardeshmukh 1995; Moore and Kleeman 1998; Tang et al. 2001) Two common methods: by constructing a statistical model analogous to the Corresponding author address: Youmin Tang, Environmental

Tang, Youmin

61

Electrostatic Comb Drive for Resonant Sensor and Actuator Applications William Chi-Keung Tang  

E-print Network

Electrostatic Comb Drive for Resonant Sensor and Actuator Applications By William Chi-Keung Tang B Chi-Keung Tang #12;ELECTROSTATIC COMB DRIVE FOR RESONANT SENSOR AND ACTUATOR APPLICATIONS by William Chi-Keung Tang ABSTRACT Interdigitated finger (comb) structures are demonstrated to be effective

Tang, William C

62

AFFILIATIONS: Tang*--National Center for Atmospheric Boulder, Colorado; EmanuEl--Program in  

E-print Network

AFFILIATIONS: Tang*--National Center for Atmospheric Research,+ Boulder, Colorado; Emanu of New York, Albany, New York cOrreSPONDING AuTHOr: Brian Tang, ES 324, 1400 Washington Ave., Albany, NY and tropical cyclone intensification. A VENTILATION INDEX FOR TROPICAL CYCLONES by brian Tang and KErry Emanu

Tang, Brian

63

Approximation of singularly perturbed linear hyperbolic systems Ying TANG, Christophe PRIEUR and Antoine GIRARD  

E-print Network

Approximation of singularly perturbed linear hyperbolic systems Ying TANG, Christophe PRIEUR in [16] and the stability condition considered in [12] Y. Tang and C. Prieur are from the Department-Matin d'H`eres Cedex, France. {ying.tang, christophe.prieur}@gipsa-lab.fr and A. Girard

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

64

Penalized High Dimensional Empirical Likelihood Cheng Yong Tang and Chenlei Leng  

E-print Network

Penalized High Dimensional Empirical Likelihood Cheng Yong Tang and Chenlei Leng RMI Working Paper dimensional data analysis; Smoothly clipped absolute deviation; Variable selection Cheng Yong Tang & Chenlei;Penalized High Dimensional Empirical Likelihood By Cheng Yong Tang and Chenlei Leng Department

Leng, Chenlei

65

Parameter Estimation and Bias Correction for Diffusion Cheng Yong Tang and Song Xi Chen  

E-print Network

Parameter Estimation and Bias Correction for Diffusion Processes Cheng Yong Tang and Song Xi Chen, Continuous-time models, Diffusion Processes, Jackknife, Parameter estimation. Cheng Yong Tang Department. © Cheng Yong Tang. Views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

66

On the error of computing ab + cd using Cornea, Harrison and Tang's method  

E-print Network

On the error of computing ab + cd using Cornea, Harrison and Tang's method Jean-Michel Muller CNRS 2013 Abstract In their book Scientific Computing on The Itanium [1], Cornea, Harrison and Tang, was introduced by Cornea, Harrison and Tang in their book Scientific Comput- ing on The Itanium [1]. Cornea et al

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

67

Multiclass Proximal Support Vector Machines Yongqiang TANG and Hao Helen ZHANG  

E-print Network

Multiclass Proximal Support Vector Machines Yongqiang TANG and Hao Helen ZHANG This article program- Yongqiang Tang is Statistician and Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, SUNY Health Science Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203 (E-mail: yongqiang tang@yahoo.com). Hao Helen Zhang is Assistant

Zhang, Hao "Helen"

68

A Linked-data Model for Semantic Sensor Streams Payam Barnaghi, Wei Wang  

E-print Network

-enabled devices and sensors deployed in the physical environments is changing the information communication for many applications and services in a variety of areas such as smart grids, smart homes, e-health that enable integration of real world data and services into the current information networking technologies

Barnaghi, Payam M.

69

Accelerating Profile Queries in Elevation Maps Feng Pan, Wei Wang, Leonard McMillan  

E-print Network

. In this research, we address the inverse of this mapping -- given a profile, how to efficiently find paths that could have gen- erated it. This is called the profile query problem. Profiles have a wide variety problem is to align a given path to its proper po- sition on a map. Paths can be specified in a variety

Wang, Wei

70

Wei Wang, Suparna De, Gilbert Cassar, Klaus Moessner Knowledge Representation in the Internet of Things: Semantic  

E-print Network

for interoperating among different systems and applications in the Internet of Things (IoT). However, current work through an IoT service discovery method. Key words: Internet of Things, Knowledge Representation, Ontology of them being connected to the Internet. The IoT will have the intercon- nection of the objects or things

Wei, Wang

71

FULL LIST OF REFEREED JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS Tang, Q.; Yuan, Z. Randomly weighted sums of subexponential random variables with  

E-print Network

FULL LIST OF REFEREED JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS Qihe Tang · Tang, Q.; Yuan, Z. Randomly weighted sums.; Tang, Q. Interplay of insurance and financial risks in a discrete-time model with strongly regular variation. Bernoulli (2014), to appear. 83. Cheung, K. C.; Dhaene, J.; Lo, A.; Tang, Q. Reducing risk

Tang, Qihe

72

Software Architecture Documentation: The Road Ahead Antony Tang  

E-print Network

Software Architecture Documentation: The Road Ahead Antony Tang Department of Computer Science VU indexing methods used in file-based documentation are not conducive to retrieving software knowledge. We propose to index software documents with a suitable lightweight ontology to improve the retrieval

van Vliet, Hans

73

Slowing Down Internet Worms Shigang Chen Yong Tang  

E-print Network

Slowing Down Internet Worms Shigang Chen Yong Tang Department of Computer & Information Science & Engineering University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 {sgchen, yt1}@cise.ufl.edu Abstract An Internet worm the Internet. It is conceivable that the cyber-terrorists may use a wide-spread worm to cause major disruption

Chen, Shigang

74

LEARNING JAZZ GRAMMARS Jon Gillick Kevin Tang Robert M. Keller  

E-print Network

LEARNING JAZZ GRAMMARS Jon Gillick Kevin Tang Robert M. Keller Wesleyan University jrgillick in educational software tools that can generate novel jazz solos in a style representative of a body of performed for contours of typical jazz solos, which we call "slopes", then show how these slopes may be incorporated

Chen, Tsuhan

75

Optimal auctions for spiteful bidders Pingzhong Tang and Tuomas Sandholm  

E-print Network

Optimal auctions for spiteful bidders Pingzhong Tang and Tuomas Sandholm Computer Science in mechanism design. Spiteful bidders have been intensely studied recently, especially because spite occurs for such bidders (as well as bidders that are altruistic). It is a generalization of Myerson's (1981) auction

Gordon, Geoffrey J.

76

A Time-homogeneous Diusion Model with Tax , Qihe Tang[b];[a  

E-print Network

A Time-homogeneous Di¤usion Model with Tax Bin Li[a]; , Qihe Tang[b];[a] , Xiaowen Zhou[c] [a of Iowa 241 Schae¤er Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA E-mail: qihe-tang@uiowa.edu [c] Department (2009), among others. See also Hao and Tang (2009) for the study in the Lévy framework but under

Tang, Qihe

77

WANG Jianfang Department of Physics  

E-print Network

of Editorial Advisory Board, Advanced Optical Materials (01/2012); Co-Guest Editor of the nanoplasmonics themed issue of Chem. Soc. Rev. (07/2012); Co-Guest Editor of the special issue of Advanced Materials to mesoporous oxide microspheres loaded with metal nanoparticles for catalysis). 5. F. Wang, C. H. Li, L.-D. Sun

Wang, Jianfang

78

Zi-Wei LinZi-Wei Lin Collective flow and QGP propertiesCollective flow and QGP properties 11/19/200311/19/2003 Why x-t correlation may be important for HBT  

E-print Network

Zi-Wei LinZi-Wei Lin Collective flow and QGP propertiesCollective flow and QGP properties 11 Collective flow and QGP propertiesCollective flow and QGP properties 11/19/200311/19/2003 HBT Radii from #12;Zi-Wei LinZi-Wei Lin Collective flow and QGP propertiesCollective flow and QGP properties 11

Lin, Zi-wei

79

TANG ET AL. VOL. 6 ' NO. 5 ' 39543966 ' 2012 www.acsnano.org  

E-print Network

TANG ET AL. VOL. 6 ' NO. 5 ' 3954­3966 ' 2012 www.acsnano.org 3954 April 11, 2012 C 2012 American?Silica Nanoconjugates Li Tang, Timothy M. Fan, Luke B. Borst,§ and Jianjun Cheng,* Department of Materials Science

Cheng, Jianjun

80

Marc A. Meyers Y.Z.Tang, C.-H. Lu,T. Remington, S. Zhao, E. Hahn UCSD  

E-print Network

Marc A. Meyers Y.Z.Tang, C.-H. Lu,T. Remington, S. Zhao, E. Hahn UCSD E. M. Bringa, C. Ruestes, U direction along z-axis #12;[111] strain direction along z-axis #12;#12;Tang et al. Acta Mat 2011 #12;Tang et

Nemat-Nasser, Sia

81

ANNUAL REPORT OF SCHOLARSHIP / 2010-2011 ACADEMIC YEAR Jean Tang Named John A. Hartford Foundation Claire M. Fagin  

E-print Network

ANNUAL REPORT OF SCHOLARSHIP / 2010-2011 ACADEMIC YEAR Jean Tang Named John A. Hartford Foundation Claire M. Fagin Fellow and awarded NINR Post-Doctoral fellowship Jean Tang, associate professor of becoming a Hartford Fellow, Dr. Tang was also awarded a National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR

Carter, John

82

Physical Review E 61, 81 (2000) 81 Scaling of waves in the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model  

E-print Network

Physical Review E 61, 81 (2000) 81 Scaling of waves in the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model D. V, 141980 Russia (June 30, 1999) We study probability distributions of waves of topplings in the Bak-Tang The sandpile model was introduced by Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld (BTW) [1] as a simple example of a slowly driven

Lübeck, Sven

83

Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model around the upper critical dimension S. Lubeck* and K. D. Usadel  

E-print Network

Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model around the upper critical dimension S. Lu¨beck* and K. D. Usadel, Germany Received 19 June 1997 We consider the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 381 number s : 05.40. j I. INTRODUCTION Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld 1 introduced the concept of self

Lübeck, Sven

84

Directions to Wong Auditorium The Wong Auditorium is located in the Tang Center (Building E-51), at the corner  

E-print Network

Directions to Wong Auditorium The Wong Auditorium is located in the Tang Center (Building E-51. Turn left, and the entrance to the Tang Center is one block in, at the near corner of Wadsworth is the first right after the Longfellow Bridge. The entrance to the Tang Center is one block in, at the near

de Weck, Olivier L.

85

Scaling of waves in the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model D. V. Ktitarev,1,2,  

E-print Network

Scaling of waves in the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model D. V. Ktitarev,1,2, * S. Lu¨beck,2 P Received 30 June 1999 We study probability distributions of waves of topplings in the Bak-Tang.40. a I. INTRODUCTION The sandpile model was introduced by Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld BTW 1 as a simple

Lübeck, Sven

86

Phys. Rev. E 56, 5138 (1997). 5138 The Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model around the upper critical dimension  

E-print Network

Phys. Rev. E 56, 5138 (1997). 5138 The Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model around the upper critical-Mercator-Universit¨at Duisburg, Lotharstr. 1, 47048 Duisburg, Germany (Received 19 June 1997) We consider the Bak-Tang are fractal above the critical dimension. PACS number: 05.40.+j I. INTRODUCTION Bak, Tang and Wiesenfeld [1

Lübeck, Sven

87

Interdecadal Variation of ENSO Predictability in Multiple Models YOUMIN TANG, ZIWANG DENG, XIAOBING ZHOU, AND YANJIE CHENG  

E-print Network

Interdecadal Variation of ENSO Predictability in Multiple Models YOUMIN TANG, ZIWANG DENG, XIAOBING responsible for the variations are investigated (e.g., Kirtman and Schopf 1998; Latif et al. 1998; Tang et al a retrospective Corresponding author address: Youmin Tang, Environmental Science and Engineering, University

Tang, Youmin

88

Sensing and Visualising Physiological Arousal Anthony Tang1, Dan Cratt2, Sheelagh Carpendale1 and Allan Dunning2  

E-print Network

Sensing and Visualising Physiological Arousal Anthony Tang1, Dan Cratt2, Sheelagh Carpendale1 email: tang@cpsc.ucalgary.ca 2Media Arts & Digital Technologies Alberta College of Art & Design Calgary, Alberta Canada Cite as: Tang, A., Kratt, D., Carpendale, S. and Dunning, A. (2003). Sensing

Greenberg, Saul

89

Modeling and Efficient Mining of Intentional Knowledge of Outliers Zhixiang Chen*, Jian Tang + , Ada WaiChee Fu + ,  

E-print Network

Modeling and Efficient Mining of Intentional Knowledge of Outliers Zhixiang Chen*, Jian Tang, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong. email:tang@cse.cuhk.edu.hk, email:adafu@cse.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract In this paper­based scheme by Breuning, et al, in [4]; and the connectivity­ based scheme by Tang et al, in [15]. All

Fu, Ada Waichee

90

Numerical determination of the avalanche exponents of the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld model S. Lubeck* and K. D. Usadel  

E-print Network

Numerical determination of the avalanche exponents of the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld model S. Lu, Lotharstrasse 1, 47048 Duisburg, Germany Received 17 December 1996 We consider the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile. S1063-651X 97 09604-9 PACS number s : 05.40. j I. INTRODUCTION Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld BTW 1

Lübeck, Sven

91

Modeling Hair from Multiple Views Yichen Wei1  

E-print Network

Modeling Hair from Multiple Views Yichen Wei1 Eyal Ofek2 Long Quan1 Heung-Yeung Shum2 1 The Hong; the recovered hair rendered with the recovered diffuse color; a fraction of the longest recovered hair fibers rendered with the recovered diffuse color to show the hair threads; the recovered hair rendered

Quan, Long

92

Analyzing URL queries Wei Meng Lee, Mark Sanderson  

E-print Network

1 Analyzing URL queries Wei Meng Lee, Mark Sanderson Department of Information Studies University a relatively unexamined query type, queries composed of URLs. The extent, variation and user click-through behavior was examined to determine the intent behind URL queries. The study made use of a search log from

Sanderson, Mark

93

A HIERARCHICAL IMAGE SEGMENTATION ALGORITHM Wei Yu, Jason Fritts  

E-print Network

A HIERARCHICAL IMAGE SEGMENTATION ALGORITHM Wei Yu, Jason Fritts Washington University Computer relationships, and an image segmentation algorithm that efficiently constructs this representation. The overall of the hierarchical image segmentation algo- rithm is ¦¨§©!#"%$'& §()!1020, where © , are the height and width

Fritts, Jason

94

Static Object Race Detection Ana Milanova and Wei Huang  

E-print Network

Static Object Race Detection Ana Milanova and Wei Huang Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Abstract. We present a novel static object race detection analysis. Our analysis is data-centric in the sense analysis outperforms the leading static race detector Chord. 1 Introduction A multithreaded program

Milanova, Ana

95

Star-extremal Circulant Graphs Ko-Wei Lih  

E-print Network

Star-extremal Circulant Graphs Ko-Wei Lih #3; Institute of Mathematics Academia Sinica Nankang Email: zhu@math.nsysu.edu.tw July 22, 1998 (Revised: March 30, 1999) Abstract A graph is called star-extremal if its fractional chromatic number is equal to its circular chromatic number (also known as the star

Zhu, Xuding

96

Privacy-Preserving Indexing for eHealth Information Yuzhe Tang, Ting Wang, Ling Liu, Shicong Meng, Balaji Palanisamy  

E-print Network

manner (without trusted third party), requiring only constant (typically two) round of communication; (c. INTRODUCTION Many healthcare providers, payers, and pharmaceutical compa- nies have increased their use of e

Liu, Ling

97

"Shadowing growth of biaxially textured nanostructured films" Toh-Ming Lu, Fu Tang, and Gwo-Ching Wang  

E-print Network

- assumed crystal orientation and builds a computational growth model based on this seed8 are not single crystals, but they possess both the out-of-plane and in-plane preferred orientations. We will also figure, electron diffraction INTRODUCTION The art and science of growing a single crystal film

Wang, Gwo-Ching

98

Antithrombotic and antiplatelet activities of Soshiho-tang extract  

PubMed Central

Background Soshiho-tang (SH; Chinese name, Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang; Japanese name, Shosaiko-to) is a traditional Korean, Chinese, and Japanese medicine, which has been used to treat various conditions, including hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and chronic and acute liver disease. SH consists of seven herbal components, of which Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and Zingiber officinale Roscoe, are reported to have antithrombotic and antiplatelet activities. We investigated the antithrombotic activity of SH, including S. baicalensis and Z. officinale, as an integrative therapy. Methods To identify the antithrombotic activity of SH, we used a FeCl3-induced thrombus formation model. The mechanism of SH-mediated antithrombotic activity was assessed by determining platelet aggregation and coagulation times ex vivo, washed platelet aggregation, serotonin secretion, and thromboxane B2 formation. Results SH prolonged the occlusion time of thrombus formation when applied in a FeCl3-induced thrombus formation model. SH also inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation ex vivo in a concentration-dependent manner; however, it did not affect coagulation. Hence, to identify the antiplatelet effect of SH, we investigated washed platelet aggregations in vitro. SH significantly inhibited various agonist-induced platelet aggregations, and it completely inhibited serotonin secretion and thromboxane B2 formation. Conclusions The findings suggest that SH inhibited FeCl3-induced thrombus formation through antiplatelet activity, including inhibition of platelet aggregation, and serotonin and TXB2 production. Thus, SH may be useful as an integrative herbal formula for the treatment of thrombosis. PMID:23773779

2013-01-01

99

Comparison of ferulic acid content in Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Danggui-Buxue-Tang and Danggui-Sini-Tang  

PubMed Central

The aim of the present study was to determine the ferulic acid (FA) content of Radix Angelicae Sinensis (AS), Danggui-Buxue-Tang (DBT) and Danggui-Sini-Tang (DST) using the same ultra performance liquid chromatography system and method. FA was eluted using an Acquity BEH C18 column (1002.1 mm inner diameter; 1.7 ?m). A mobile phase of methanol and 0.5% acetic acid was used and a flow rate of 0.3 ml/min was selected. The calibration curve exhibited a good linear regression (R2=0.9997). The inter- and intra-day precision measurements of FA ranged between 0.27 and 3.03% and the recovery ranged between 98.44 and 101.64% with relative standard deviation (RSD) values ?4.73%. The method was reliable and simple. The results of the chromatographic analyses indicate that the FA contents of the DBT and DST decoctions were increased compared with that of AS due to the presence of other herbs. PMID:24940440

YAO, JIA-MEI; YU, LI-JIN; CHEN, QIONG; CHEN, ZE-QI; WANG, DONG-SHENG; QIU, XIN-JIAN; ZHAO, LIN-LIN

2014-01-01

100

Comparison of ferulic acid content in Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Danggui-Buxue-Tang and Danggui-Sini-Tang.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to determine the ferulic acid (FA) content of Radix Angelicae Sinensis (AS), Danggui-Buxue-Tang (DBT) and Danggui-Sini-Tang (DST) using the same ultra performance liquid chromatography system and method. FA was eluted using an Acquity BEH C18 column (1002.1 mm inner diameter; 1.7 ?m). A mobile phase of methanol and 0.5% acetic acid was used and a flow rate of 0.3 ml/min was selected. The calibration curve exhibited a good linear regression (R(2)=0.9997). The inter- and intra-day precision measurements of FA ranged between 0.27 and 3.03% and the recovery ranged between 98.44 and 101.64% with relative standard deviation (RSD) values ?4.73%. The method was reliable and simple. The results of the chromatographic analyses indicate that the FA contents of the DBT and DST decoctions were increased compared with that of AS due to the presence of other herbs. PMID:24940440

Yao, Jia-Mei; Yu, Li-Jin; Chen, Qiong; Chen, Ze-Qi; Wang, Dong-Sheng; Qiu, Xin-Jian; Zhao, Lin-Lin

2014-05-01

101

Shiren (Edward) Wang Texas Tech University  

E-print Network

University, Department of Industrial/Manufacturing Engineering, Lubbock, TX 79409 Research Interests: Nano of nanoscale fibers and nanoscale fiber films, US patent 8058364, approved on Nov. 15, 2011. 2. Z. Liang, B. Wang, C. Zhang, S. Wang, "Methods for functionalization of nanoscale fiber films", US patent 7862766 B2

Zhuang, Yu

102

Dikla Man, Weiwu Wang1 , Gazalah Sabehi,  

E-print Network

Dikla Man, Weiwu Wang1 , Gazalah Sabehi, L.Aravind2 , Anton F.Post3 , Ramon Massana4 , Elena N Corresponding authors e-mail: John.L.Spudich@uth.tmc.edu or beja@tx.technion.ac.il D.Man and W.Wang contributed

103

RATE: a Review of Reviewers in a Manuscript Review Process Wei Wei, Kam Tong Chan, Irwin King, Jimmy Ho-Man Lee  

E-print Network

RATE: a Review of Reviewers in a Manuscript Review Process Wei Wei, Kam Tong Chan, Irwin King- viewers Authority Testing and Evaluation (RATE), to im- prove the effectiveness of a manuscript review process. In the proposed RATE approach, we define a RATE model to express a manuscript review process

King, Kuo Chin Irwin

104

Neuroprotective effect of the fermented Gumiganghwal-tang.  

PubMed

Gumiganghwal-tang (GT) is a traditional herbal prescription widely used to treat inflammatory diseases in Asia. In this study, we evaluated neuroprotective effect and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity of GT and compared with fermented GT (FGT). In order to better understand the neuroprotective mechanism, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was investigated and high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection (HPLC-DAD) analysis of contents of GT and FGT were conducted. As a result, FGT showed more potent protective effect against glutamate-induced HT22 cell death than GT and inhibited AChE activity. The neuroprotective effect of FGT is associated with inhibition of ROS production. The HPLC-DAD analytical results indicated that FGT contains higher content of bergapten and atractylenolide III than that of GT. In conclusion, FGT have neuroprotective effect and AChE inhibition, and may be useful source for treatment of neurodegenerative disease. PMID:24503423

Yun, Bo-Ra; Weon, Jin Bae; Lee, Jiwoo; Eom, Min Rye; Ma, Choong Je

2014-08-01

105

The Pochoir Stencil Compiler Yuan Tang Rezaul Chowdhury Bradley C. Kuszmaul  

E-print Network

The Pochoir Stencil Compiler Yuan Tang Rezaul Chowdhury Bradley C. Kuszmaul Chi­Keung Luk Charles E CSAIL. Rezaul Chowdhury is Research Scientist at Boston University and Research Affiliate at MIT CSAIL

Chowdhury, Rezaul A.

106

On the Pre-Tang Development of the Law of Treason: moufan, dani, and pan  

E-print Network

On the Pre-Tang Development of the Law of Treason: moufan, dani, and pan Geoffrey MacCormack The most serious offenses known to the traditional Chinese law ere those concerned with disloyalty to the state and emperor, namely, plotting... rebelion (moufan #19;Q#2;? ), great sedition (dani #2;} ? ),. and treason (pan#4;: ). In the Tang #8;e , Ming #5;? , and Qing ? codes, these offenses constituted the first thre of the ten abominations #2;d #12;F . Their place at the top...

MacCormack, Geoffrey

2005-01-01

107

The Neuroprotective Effect of Gugijihwang-Tang on Trimethyltin-Induced Memory Dysfunction in the Rat  

PubMed Central

Gugijihwang-Tang (the herbal formula PM012), a decoction consisting of several herbs including Rehmanniae Radix Preparata, has been widely used as herbal treatment for dementia. In order to investigate the neuroprotective action of this prescription, we examined the effect of Gugijihwang-Tang on learning and memory using the Morris water maze and [F-18]FDG micro PET neuroimaging technique. After injection of trimethyltin (TMT, 8.0?mg/kg, i.p.), which is a potent toxicant that selectively kills cells in the central nervous system, rats were administered Gugijihwang-Tang (100?mg/kg, p.o.) daily for two weeks, followed by the Morris water maze tasks and [F-18]FDG micro PET neuroimaging. In Gugijihwang-Tang administered TMT-treated rats, they showed improved learning and memory abilities in water maze tasks and glucose metabolism, suggesting that Gugijihwang-Tang plays effectively positive role in the improvement of brain function including learning and memory after TMT-induced neurodegeneration. Taken together, our results suggested that the Gugijihwang-Tang should be useful for developing strategies protecting nervous system and improving brain function. PMID:23861706

Jung, Eun-Yee; Ahn, Chang Joon; Cho, Seung-Hun; Bae, Hyunsu; Shim, Insop

2013-01-01

108

CONSUMPTION ORIENTED FREE CAPITALISM Qiudong Wang  

E-print Network

scale discussion of classical social studies. Classical theories, though delivered results of greatCONSUMPTION ORIENTED FREE CAPITALISM Qiudong Wang Intellectual temper of social and economic studies of our time are profoundly influ- enced by modern development of physical sciences

Wang, Quidong

109

Dispersion Simulation and Visualization for Urban Security Feng Qiu Ye Zhao Zhe Fan Xiaoming Wei Haik Lorenz Jianning Wang  

E-print Network

, "Our nation's capacity to respond to atmospheric C/B/N (chemi- cal/biological/nuclear) events stands management, law enforcement and other personnel to adequately plan for, train for, and respond to potential accidents or attacks involving toxic airborne contaminants. Email:{qfeng, yezhao, fzhe, wxiaomin, hlorenz

Mueller, Klaus

110

A Framework for Regional Association Rule Mining in Spatial Datasets Wei Ding, Christoph F. Eick, Jing Wang  

E-print Network

is evaluated in a real-world case study that identifies spatial risk patterns from arsenic in the Texas water is no average place on the Earth's surface" ­ a county is not a representative of a state, and a state, the discovery of regional knowledge is of funda- mental importance for spatial data mining. Also, Computer

Eick, Christoph F.

111

Selection by Recursively Enumerable Sets # Wolfgang Merkle 1 , Frank Stephan 2 , Jason Teutsch 3 , Wei Wang 4 , Yue Yang 2  

E-print Network

, of the set Z. Definition 1. A set A is selected from a set B by a set Z if Z is infiniteSelection by Recursively Enumerable Sets # Wolfgang Merkle 1 , Frank Stephan 2 , Jason Teutsch 3. For given sets A, B and Z of natural numbers where the members of Z are z0 , z1 , . . . in ascending order

Stephan, Frank

112

Hercules: An Environment for Large-Scale Enterprise Infrastructure Testing Lan Wang, Charles Ellis, Wei Yin, Dung Dinh Luong  

E-print Network

The University of Memphis Memphis, TN 38152 Abstract Failures in Internet-based services often stem from prob an environment called Her- cules to test the reliability and performance of large-scale enterprise infrastructure's reliability and performance issues in order to ensure that the infras- tructure will provide

Wang, Lan

113

Zi-Wei Lin Oct 5, 2004 UAH / NASA Space Radiation Shielding Program, MS Determine Important Nuclear Fragmentation Processes  

E-print Network

Zi-Wei Lin Oct 5, 2004 UAH / NASA Space Radiation Shielding Program, MS Determine Important Nuclear? Conclusions Zi-Wei Lin University of Alabama in Huntsville/ NASA Space Radiation Shielding Program, MSFC #12;Zi-Wei Lin Oct 5, 2004 UAH / NASA Space Radiation Shielding Program, MS Cucinotta/JSC Individual

Lin, Zi-wei

114

Wei Yen, Loo G0806785 page 1/1 MW5200 MSC SCIENCE COMMUNICATION PROJECT  

E-print Network

Wei Yen, Loo G0806785 page 1/1 MW5200 MSC SCIENCE COMMUNICATION PROJECT Project Report Does the present usage of Web 2.0 Tools aid in the communication of Secondary School Science? Course: MSc (Science Communication) Faculty of Science National University of Singapore Name: Loo Wei Yen Student ID: G0806785

Aslaksen, Helmer

115

Practical Blended Taint Analysis for JavaScript Shiyi Wei and Barbara G. Ryder  

E-print Network

Practical Blended Taint Analysis for JavaScript Shiyi Wei and Barbara G. Ryder Department of Computer Science Virginia Tech, USA {wei, ryder}@cs.vt.edu ABSTRACT JavaScript is widely used in Web analysis, an instantiation of our general-purpose analysis framework for JavaScript, to illus- trate how

Ryder, Barbara G.

116

ASSESSING INDOOR AIR POLLUTION EXPOSURE AND LUNG CANCER RISK IN XUAN WEI, CHINA  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents risk assessment-related aspects of a multidisciplinary study of indoor coal smoke po1lution and lung cancer in Xuan Wei County, Yunnan Province, China. uan Wei presents a unique natural experiment in environmental carcinogenesis because lung cancer mortality ...

117

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF LUNG CANCER IN XUAN WEI, CHINA: CURRENT PROGRESS, ISSUES, AND RESEARCH STRATEGIES (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

In Xuan Wei, a rural Chinese county of about one million people, females' annual lung cancer mortality is China's highest, and males' is among China's highest. Xuan Wei's very high indoor air pollution levels (sometimes exceeding 20 mg/m3), residentially stable population, relati...

118

Stability of Polytopic Polynomial Matrices1 Long Wang Zhizhen Wang Wensheng Yu  

E-print Network

Stability of Polytopic Polynomial Matrices1 Long Wang Zhizhen Wang Wensheng Yu Center for Systems: This paper gives a necessary and sufficient condition for robust D-stability of Polytopic Polynomial Matrices. Keywords: Robust Stability, Polynomial Matrices, Polytopic Polynomials, Edge Theorem, Kharitonov's Theorem

119

Ensuring Data Storage Security in Cloud Computing Cong Wang, Qian Wang, and Kui Ren  

E-print Network

Ensuring Data Storage Security in Cloud Computing Cong Wang, Qian Wang, and Kui Ren Department of ECE Worcester Polytechnic Institute Email: wjlou@ece.wpi.edu Abstract--Cloud Computing has been, where the IT services are under proper physical, logical and personnel controls, Cloud Computing moves

Hou, Y. Thomas

120

Structural behavior of the space shuttle SRM Tang-Clevis joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The space shuttle Challenger accident investigation focused on the failure of a tang-clevis joint on the right solid rocket motor. The existence of relative motion between the inner arm of the clevis and the O-ring sealing surface on the tang has been identified as a potential contributor to this failure. This motion can cause the O-rings to become unseated and therefore lose their sealing capability. Finite element structural analyses have been performed to predict both deflections and stresses in the joint under the primary, pressure loading condition. These analyses have demonstrated the difficulty of accurately predicting the structural behavior of the tang-clevis joint. Stresses in the vicinity of the connecting pins, obtained from elastic analyses, considerably exceed the material yield allowables indicating that inelastic analyses are probably necessary. Two modifications have been proposed to control the relative motion between the inner clevis arm and the tang at the O-ring sealing surface. One modification, referred to as the capture feature, uses additional material on the inside of the tang to restrict motion of the inner clevis arm. The other modification uses external stiffening rings above and below the joint to control the local bending in the shell near the joint. Both of these modifications are shown to be effective in controlling the relative motion in the joint.

Greene, W. H.; Knight, N. F., Jr.; Stockwell, A. E.

1986-01-01

121

Structural behavior of the space shuttle SRM tang-clevis joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The space shuttle Challenger accident investigation focused on the failure of a tang-clevis joint on the right solid rocket motor. The existence of relative motion between the inner arm of the clevis and the O-ring sealing surface on the tang has been identified as a potential contributor to this failure. This motion can cause the O-rings to become unseated and therefore lose their sealing capability. Finite element structural analyses have been performed to predict both deflections and stresses in the joint under the primary, pressure loading condition. These analyses have demonstrated the difficulty of accurately predicting the structural behavior of the tang-clevis joint. Stresses in the vicinity of the connecting pins, obtained from elastic analyses, considerably exceed the material yield allowables indicating that inelastic analyses are probably necessary. Two modifications have been proposed to control the relative motion between the inner clevis arm and the tang at the O-ring sealing surface. One modification, referred to as the capture feature, uses additional material on the inside of the tang to restrict motion of the inner clevis arm. The other modification uses external stiffening rings above and below the joint to control the local bending in the shell near the joint. Both of these modifications are shown to be effective in controlling the relative motion in the joint.

Greene, William H.; Knight, Norman F., Jr.; Stockwell, Alan E.

1988-01-01

122

[Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of huangqin tang in febrile rats].  

PubMed

The pharmacodynamic (PD) and pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of Huangqin Tang (HQT) were investigated in yeast-induced febrile rats. Blood sample and rectal temperature data of the rats were collected at different times after single oral administration of HQT at 20 g x kg(-1). The plasma concentrations of paeoniflorin, baicalin, wogonoside, baicalein, wogonin, oroxylin A, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid were quantified by a sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS) method. The blood concentrations of PGE2, 1L-1? and TNF-? were detected by radioimmunoassay (RIA). All pharmacokinetic parameters were processed by non-compartmental analysis using WinNonlin software. The potential relationship between the mean concentration of eight constituents and the antifebrile efficacy was investigated by calculating Pearson correlation coefficients. It was found that HQT had significant antifebrile efficacy in yeast-induced febrile rats, but had no effect to normal rats. The antifebrile effect of HQT can be attributed to the inhibition of PGE2, 1L-1? and TNF-?. The constituents (baicalin, wogonoside, baicalein, wogonin, oroxylin A, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid) in febrile rats had delayed absorption and elimination, a longer residence time in the body, and higher C(max) and AUC than those in normal rats. Febrile condition could affect the pharmacokinetic behaviour of HQT in vivo; the flavonoids with the same backbone showed the similar fate in the body; baicalein and wogonin had a strong positive correlation (R > 0.66, P ? 0.02) with the antifebrile efficacy determined. Together, these constituents demonstrated different pharmacokinetic properties in the febrile body. PMID:25577872

Li, Tao; Wang, Yi-Wei; Wang, Yan-Li; Zhang, Dong; Zhang, Hui-Hui; Chen, Li; Zhuang, Shuai-Xing; Zhou, Zhong-Ming; Yang, Wei-Peng

2014-10-01

123

Differences in pharmacokinetics and anti-inflammatory effects between decoction and maceration of Sanhuang Xiexin Tang in rats and mice.  

PubMed

The pharmacokinetics and anti-inflammatory effects of Sanhuang Xiexin Tang, composed of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, and Coptidis Rhizoma, prepared by decoction and maceration, were investigated and compared. Rats were orally administered with the decoction and maceration of Sanhuang Xiexin Tang at 30?g/kg. The concentrations of 10 active constituents (berberine, palmatine, jatrorrhizine, coptisine, wogonin, baicalin, wogonoside, emodin, aloe-emodin, and rhein) in plasma were determined by UPLC-MS/MS. Mice were orally administered decoctions and macerations of Sanhuang Xiexin Tang continuously for 7 days at three doses and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. The plasma concentrations of IL-10 and TNF-? were determined by ELISA. Different preparation methods resulted in significant differences in the pharmacokinetic characteristics of the SXT constituents, especially the protoberberine alkaloids. Maceration decreased the absorption of flavones while promoting the absorption of anthraquinones. Bioavailability of both flavones and anthraquinones increased after administration of macerated Sanhuang Xiexin Tang, especially those of baicalin and rhein, which increased by 3.27 and 7.10 times. Results of ELISA indicated that both the decoction and maceration of Sanhuang Xiexin Tang could significantly increase IL-10 production (p?Tang has a slightly higher anti-inflammatory effect than the Sanhuang Xiexin Tang decoction. Different preparation methods affected the pharmacokinetic characteristics and anti-inflammatory effects of Sanhuang Xiexin Tang's active constituents. PMID:24214833

Zhang, Qian; Ma, Yue-ming; Wang, Zheng-tao; Wang, Chang-hong

2013-11-01

124

Equalization for Multi-scale Multi-lag OFDM Zijian Tang , Rob Remis, Tao Xu, Geert Leus and Magnus Lundberg Nordenvaad  

E-print Network

Equalization for Multi-scale Multi-lag OFDM Channels Zijian Tang , Rob Remis, Tao Xu, Geert Leus and Magnus Lundberg Nordenvaad TNO, P.O. Box 96864, 2509 JG the Hague, the Netherlands Email: zijian.tang@tno.nl Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD Delft, the Netherlands Email: {z.tang, r.f.remis, t

Leus, Geert

125

Chung Fu-yuen, chairperson of Shaw Band: The College has turned an activity room on the fifth floor of Wen Lan Tang  

E-print Network

of Wen Lan Tang into a band room, which is bigger and better equipped than the old one. Both current Lan Tang. Shaw Band members have classes to attend in the daytime, and after class, we have society views on academic and life issues. They include Mr. Ching Cheong, a famous journalist; Mr. Tang Siu

Huang, Jianwei

126

Resource-Constrained Load Balancing Controller for a Parallel J. Douglas Birdwell, Zhong Tang, John Chiasson, Chaouki T. Abdallah and Majeed M. Hayat  

E-print Network

Tang, John Chiasson, Chaouki T. Abdallah and Majeed M. Hayat Abstract-- The critical features The work of J. D. Birdwell, J. Chiasson, and Z. Tang was supported by the National Science Foundation under,chiasson}@utk.edu Z. Tang is with Dept. R46S, Advanced Technologies, Abbott Laborato- ries, Abbott Park, IL 60064

127

Fees for UC Berkeley Students at Tang 2014 Below are fees for some of our most common services, effective June 5, 2014  

E-print Network

Fees for UC Berkeley Students at Tang 2014 Below are fees for some of our most common services fees at Tang, not including Primary and Urgent Care visit fees. Where applicable, the amount shown: Fees subject to change. Fees as of 6/5/14; see updates at: uhs.berkeley.edu/samplefees TANG TIP: Don

Kammen, Daniel M.

128

Resource-Constrained Load Balancing Controller for a Parallel J. Douglas Birdwell, Zhong Tang, John Chiasson, Chaouki T. Abdallah and Majeed M. Hayat  

E-print Network

. Douglas Birdwell, Zhong Tang, John Chiasson, Chaouki T. Abdallah and Majeed M. Hayat Abstract waiting time, normalizing to account The work of J. D. Birdwell, J. Chiasson, and Z. Tang was supported,chiasson}@utk.edu Z. Tang is with Dept. R46S, Advanced Technologies, Abbott Laborato- ries, Abbott Park, IL 60064

129

Effects of Wen Dan Tang on insomnia-related anxiety and levels of the brain-gut peptide Ghrelin  

PubMed Central

Ghrelin, a brain-gut peptide that induces anxiety and other abnormal emotions, contributes to the effects of insomnia on emotional behavior. In contrast, the traditional Chinese Medicine remedy Wen Dan Tang reduces insomnia-related anxiety, which may perhaps correspond to changes in the brain-gut axis. This suggests a possible relationship between Wen Dan Tang's pharmacological mechanism and the brain-gut axis. Based on this hypothesis, a sleep-deprived rat model was induced and Wen Dan Tang was administered using oral gavage during model establishment. Wen Dan Tang significantly reduced insomnia-related anxiety and prevented Ghrelin level decreases following sleep deprivation, especially in the hypothalamus. Increased expression of Ghrelin receptor mRNA in the hypothalamus was also observed, suggesting that reduced anxiety may be a result of Wen Dan Tang's regulation of Ghrelin-Ghrelin receptors. PMID:25206802

Wang, Liye; Song, Yuehan; Li, Feng; Liu, Yan; Ma, Jie; Mao, Meng; Wu, Fengzhi; Wu, Ying; Li, Sinai; Guan, Binghe; Liu, Xiaolan

2014-01-01

130

BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION An-I Andy Wang  

E-print Network

] Conference articles (refereed): 2011 Michael Mitchell, Frank Sposaro, An-I Andy Wang, Gary Tyson. BEAT: Bio-Environmental of California, Los Angeles, March 1998 B.A. in Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley, May 1995 Summer Intern, IBM Almaden Research Center, 1994 Professional society memberships: ACM, USENIX, SNIA

Wang, Andy

131

VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1  

E-print Network

VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F. Chan1 , Paul M. Thompson3 and Brain Research Institute, UCLA School of Medicine 4 Department of Mathematics, Harvard University. In this paper, we apply these two techniques to brain mapping problem. We use a tetrahedral mesh to represent

132

Explicit Polarization Theory Yingjie Wang,2  

E-print Network

1 Explicit Polarization Theory Yingjie Wang,2 Michael J. M. Mazack,2 Donald G. Truhlar,2 and Jiali into molecular fragments. Since the mutual electronic polarization is explicitly treated by electronic structural theory, we call this approach the explicit polarization (X-Pol) method. Strategies and examples

Truhlar, Donald G

133

[Textual Research on Wang Fengchun's Life].  

PubMed

WANG Fengchun (1884 - 1949), born in Wu County, Jiangsu Province, was one of the four famous doctors of Beijing in the Republic of China periods. He learned Confucianism during his childhood and then learned medicine from AI Buchan, a famous doctor in Wuzhong area. In 1908, he went to Beijing and was appointed as the prosecutor of the court of law and a medical official, but also had learnt medicine from LI Jun, the head of the Business Ministry. In 1910, Wang resigned and lived as doctor in Beijing. According to the literature, from 1935 to 1942, Wang had been appointed 11 times as a member of Beiping (Beijing) TCM examination committee or test committee. In 1938, he was appointed as president of the Beijing Branch of the National Medical Professional Association and created the Beijing Medicine Monthly in 1939. In September 1939, Wang began to make preparations for a TCM symposium, i.e. the Medicine Symposium which was established officially in October 1939. In 1941, he was appointed as the director of the Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicines Workshop, employing famous doctors to cultivate reserve talents of medicines. Being a realist, he often exchanged opinions with TCM and western medical doctors and also made a contribution to medical education. PMID:22613482

Wang, Ti

2012-01-01

134

Shoot the Moon Wang Sang Koon  

E-print Network

1 AAS 00-166 Shoot the Moon Wang Sang Koon , Martin W. Lo* , Jerrold E. Marsden , Shane D. Ross at the Moon which required less V than a standard Hohmann transfer to the Moon. In this paper, we apply the same dynamical systems techniques used to produce the "Petit Grand Tour" of Jovian moons to reproduce

Koon, Wang Sang

135

Dynamics of the self-assembly of nanovoids and nanobubbles Hui-Chia Yu, Wei Lu *  

E-print Network

Dynamics of the self-assembly of nanovoids and nanobubbles in solids Hui-Chia Yu, Wei Lu.actamat-journals.com #12;from many early formed small ``seed'' regions to other regions. There exists a threshold value

Lu, Wei

136

The E ect of Barriers on The Tidal Range in Yong Ming Tang  

E-print Network

interest in constructing tidal barrages, either to control the tide or to extract power. CorrespondinglyThe E ect of Barriers on The Tidal Range in Estuaries Yong Ming Tang Abstract Numerical simulations of the shallow water equations are used to study the e ect of topographic barriers on the tidal range

137

Active Fault Reasoning in Communication Networks Yongning Tang and Ehab Al-Shaer  

E-print Network

Active Fault Reasoning in Communication Networks Yongning Tang and Ehab Al-Shaer School of Computer,ehab}@cs.depaul.edu Abstract Different fault reasoning techniques are used in fault localization for either deterministic or probabilistic fault causality model. Symptom-Fault map is commonly used to describe Symptom-Fault causality

Schaefer, Marcus

138

Unsupervised Sentiment Analysis with Emotional Signals Xia Hu, Jiliang Tang, Huiji Gao, and Huan Liu  

E-print Network

Unsupervised Sentiment Analysis with Emotional Signals Xia Hu, Jiliang Tang, Huiji Gao, and Huan- portunity to understand the sentiment of the public via ana- lyzing its large-scale and opinion-rich data. In social media, it is easy to amass vast quantities of unlabeled data, but very costly to obtain sentiment

Liu, Huan

139

Symbolic Vector Analysis in Plasma Physics H. Qin, W. M. Tang, and G. Rewoldt  

E-print Network

Symbolic Vector Analysis in Plasma Physics H. Qin, W. M. Tang, and G. Rewoldt Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 08543­451 Many problems in plasma physics involve to their problems. Several applications of this symbolic vector analysis package to plasma physics are also given

140

Large orbit neoclassical transport* W. M. Tang, and W. W. Lee  

E-print Network

Large orbit neoclassical transport* Z. Lin, W. M. Tang, and W. W. Lee Princeton Plasma Physics; accepted 16 January 1997 Neoclassical transport in the presence of large ion orbits is investigated neoclassical assumption that the ions orbital excursions are much smaller than the local toroidal minor radius

Lin, Zhihong

141

Infrared Spectroscopy of H3O : The 1 Fundamental Band Jian Tang and Takeshi Oka  

E-print Network

Infrared Spectroscopy of H3O : The 1 Fundamental Band Jian Tang and Takeshi Oka Department 113.6(1)°. © 1999 Academic Press Key Words: infrared spectroscopy; H3O ; vibration in the submillimeter-wave and far-infrared region, respectively. The laboratory submillimeter-wave spectrum has led

Oka, Takeshi

142

The quark induced Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order  

E-print Network

We present the NLO corrections for the quark induced forward production of a jet with an associated rapidity gap. We make use of Lipatov's QCD high energy effective action to calculate the real emission contributions to the so-called Mueller-Tang impact factor. We combine them with the previously calculated virtual corrections and verify ultraviolet and collinear finiteness of the final result.

Hentschinski, M; Murdaca, B; Vera, A Sabio

2014-01-01

143

Midlevel Ventilation's Constraint on Tropical Cyclone Intensity BRIAN TANG AND KERRY EMANUEL  

E-print Network

Midlevel Ventilation's Constraint on Tropical Cyclone Intensity BRIAN TANG AND KERRY EMANUEL ventilation, or the flux of low-entropy air into the inner core of a tropical cyclone (TC), is a hy to assess how ventilation affects tropical cyclone intensity via two possible pathways: the first through

Emanuel, Kerry A.

144

RTN Induced Frequency Shift Measurements Using a Ring Oscillator Based Circuit Qianying Tang1  

E-print Network

RTN Induced Frequency Shift Measurements Using a Ring Oscillator Based Circuit Qianying Tang1) allowing efficient collection of RTN induced frequency shifts. Experimental data from a ROSC array fabricated in a 65nm LP process display both single trap and multi- trap RTN behavior. The voltage

Kim, Chris H.

145

Carbon monoxide-assisted growth of carbon nanotubes Y.H. Tang a,b  

E-print Network

Carbon monoxide-assisted growth of carbon nanotubes Y.H. Tang a,b , Y.F. Zheng a , C.S. Lee a , N, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada N6A 5B7 Received 17 February 2001 Abstract Carbon monoxide was used to synthesize carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in a hot-®lament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) system

Zheng, Yufeng

146

An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou  

E-print Network

1 An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou.zou}@queensu.ca Abstract-- Web resources can be located and accessed through the Internet to provide information and functionalities to users. However, different types of web resources (e.g., Web Services, RESTful services

Zou, Ying

147

Focused crawling in depression portal search: A feasibility study Thanh Tin Tang  

E-print Network

-specific search. 1 Introduction Depression is a major public health problem, being a leading cause of disease with a reduction in depressive symptoms [6]. Thus, the Web is a potentially valuable resource for peopleFocused crawling in depression portal search: A feasibility study Thanh Tin Tang Department

Hawking, David

148

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SEA-SALTAEROSOLS A. C. Tridico and I. N. Tang  

E-print Network

, (he hygroscopic properties of aerosolparticles generated from filtered sea-water sampleswere studiedBNL- 63377 [Abstract] THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SEA-SALTAEROSOLS A. C. Tridico and I. N. Tang,FL Oct. 14-18, 1996 ABSTRACT The thennodynamic properties of mixed salt microdropletsrepresentativeof sea

149

Recovery of piece of the aft center segment tang joint of SRB  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A 4000 pound, 11' x 20' piece of the aft center segment tang joint of the Shuttle Challenger's right-hand solid rocket booster is off loaded from the Stena Workhorse after its recovery on April 13, 1986. The burned out area is 15' x 28'.

1986-01-01

150

The "Three Doctrines Discussions" of Tang China: Religious Debate as a Rhetorical Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the origins and importance of the "Three Doctrines Discussions" of the Chinese Tang dynasty (618-960). Shows how their evolution and decline parallel shifts in the balance of political power. Argues that these debates functioned rhetorically to enhance and legitimate the emperor's political power. (HB)

Garrett, Mary M.

1994-01-01

151

Rap and Resistance: A Social Movement of the Wu-Tang Clan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines specific collective identity and political expression of the rap group the Wu-Tang Clan. Reveals a multi-layered political strategy that has been conscientiously designed and implemented to instigate a social movement. Prioritizes the voices of marginalized Black peoples and provides raw narratives about oppression. (MMU)

Chasteen, Amy L.; Shriver, Thomas

1998-01-01

152

UEC at TRECVID 2009 High Level Feature Task Zhiyuan Tang, Akitsugu Noguchi and Keiji Yanai  

E-print Network

UEC at TRECVID 2009 High Level Feature Task Zhiyuan Tang, Akitsugu Noguchi and Keiji Yanai-s,noguchi-a,yanai}@mm.cs.uec.ac.jp Abstract In this paper, we describe our approach and re- sults for high-level feature extraction task (HLF) at TRECVID2009. This year, we focus on fusion of a number of features effectively. Color, local pattern

Yanai, Keiji

153

Genotoxicity testing of aqueous extracts of Mahwangyounpae-tang, a polyherbal formula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mahwangyounpae-tang (MT), consisting of 22 types of herbal extracts has been used for thousands of years in Korean traditional medicine for the oral treatment of respiratory diseases including asthma. As part of a safety evaluation of MT extracts for use in asthma, the potential genotoxicity of an aqueous MT extract was evaluated using the standard battery of tests (bacterial reverse

Jeng-Yim Seo; Mee-Yeon Park; Tae-Young Jung; Hae-Yun Choi; Jong-Dae Kim; Hyeung-Sik Lee; Sae-Kwang Ku

2008-01-01

154

Lagrangian coherent structures and internal wave attractors Wenbo Tang1,a  

E-print Network

Lagrangian coherent structures and internal wave attractors Wenbo Tang1,a and Thomas Peacock2 1 For a nonuniformly stratified layer of fluid, internal gravity waves propagate at varying angles depending, such as multiple submarine ridges, can support internal wave attractors, which can be viewed as Lagrangian coherent

Tang, Wenbo

155

The quark induced Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the NLO corrections for the quark induced forward production of a jet with an associated rapidity gap. We make use of Lipatov's QCD high energy effective action to calculate the real emission contributions to the so-called Mueller-Tang impact factor. We combine them with the previously calculated virtual corrections and verify ultraviolet and collinear finiteness of the final result.

Hentschinski, M.; Madrigal Martnez, J. D.; Murdaca, B.; Sabio Vera, A.

2014-10-01

156

New Chiral Phosphorus Ligands for Enantioselective Hydrogenation Wenjun Tang and Xumu Zhang*  

E-print Network

New Chiral Phosphorus Ligands for Enantioselective Hydrogenation Wenjun Tang and Xumu Zhang, Pennsylvania 16802 Received January 29, 2003 Contents 1. Introduction 3029 2. Chiral Phosphorus Ligands: A Historical Overview 3030 2.1. Chiral Phosphorus Ligands from 1970 to 1980 3031 2.2. Chiral Phosphorus Ligands

Zhang, Xumu

157

Exploiting Local and Global Social Context for Recommendation Jiliang Tang, Xia Hu, Huiji Gao, Huan Liu  

E-print Network

.Tang,Xia.Hu,Huiji.Gao,Huan.Liu}@asu.edu Abstract With the fast development of social media, the in- formation overload problem becomes increasingly develop approaches to capture local and global social relations, and propose a novel frame- work LOCABAL an independent source of information about users beyond rating information. Social correlation theories

Liu, Huan

158

Enhanced vibration energy harvesting using dual-mass systems Xiudong Tang, Lei Zuo n  

E-print Network

,7]. Because of its ubiquitous existence, vibration becomes a very promising alternative energy sourceEnhanced vibration energy harvesting using dual-mass systems Xiudong Tang, Lei Zuo n Department i n f o Article history: Received 1 September 2010 Received in revised form 16 May 2011 Accepted 17

Zuo, Lei

159

The South Pacific Forestry Development Programme1 Tang HonTat2  

E-print Network

The South Pacific Forestry Development Programme1 Tang HonTat2 Abstract; Only a few countries in the South Pacific are large enough for industrial forestry to be a key component of the national economy, but forests providebenefitstomanypeople. TheUnitedNationsFA0SouthPacificForestry Development Programmewas

Standiford, Richard B.

160

Discriminative Accelerometer Patterns in Children Physical Activities Yang Mu, Henry Lo, Kevin Amaral, Wei Ding, Scott E. Crouter  

E-print Network

Discriminative Accelerometer Patterns in Children Physical Activities Yang Mu, Henry Lo, Kevin Amaral, Wei Ding, Scott E. Crouter University of Massachusetts Boston INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA

Ding, Wei

161

[Wang Renzhong, Chen Muhua stress family planning].  

PubMed

Wang Renzhong, secretary of the Secretariat of the CCP Central Committee, and Chen Muhua, vice premier of the State Council, addressed the national discussion meeting on propaganda for family planning. Wang Renzhong stated that if population control and family planning continue to be overlooked, population growth will become a calamity in the future. He identified family planning as a permanent strategic task and said that more publicity should be given to family planning, particularly in the rural areas. Chen Muhua discussed her recent briefing to Vice Chairman Deng on the progress made in family planning during 1980 and the current problems. She reported that Vice Chairman Deng expressed satisfaction over the 1980 achievements in family planning. Deng advised creating public opinion in favor of family planning. The national discussion meeting on propaganda for family planning was held in Beijing during January. Measures for implementing "major points of propaganda on controlling China's population growth" were studied. PMID:12264003

1981-01-15

162

Antioxidant and Antiadipogenic Activities of Galkeun-Tang, a Traditional Korean Herbal Formula  

PubMed Central

Galkeun-tang (GKT; Galgen-tang in Chinese and Kakkon-to in Japanese), a traditional herbal formula, has been used for treatment of the common cold. Here, we report in vitro antioxidant and antiadipogenic effects of GKT. GKT increased the activities of scavenging 2,2?-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. GKT also significantly reduced the malondialdehyde (MDA) generation during low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation and the electrophoretic mobility of oxidized LDL, indicating inhibitory effects of GKT on Cu2+-mediated oxidation of LDL. Regarding antiadipogenic activity, GKT treatment significantly suppressed lipid accumulation, triglyceride production, and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Consistent with this, GKT significantly reduced the secretion of leptin, a major adipokine, in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Overall, our findings suggest that GKT has the potential for antioxidative and antiadipogenic properties. PMID:25574183

Kim, Ohn-Soon; Seo, Chang-Seob; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo

2014-01-01

163

The Gluon-Induced Mueller-Tang Jet Impact Factor at Next-to-Leading Order  

E-print Network

We complete the computation of the Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order (NLO) initiated in arXiv:1406.5625 and presented in arXiv:1404.2937 by computing the real corrections associated to gluons in the initial state making use of Lipatov's effective action. NLO corrections for this effective vertex are an important ingredient for a reliable description of large rapidity gap phenomenology within the BFKL approach.

Hentschinski, Martin; Murdaca, Beatrice; Vera, Agustn Sabio

2014-01-01

164

The Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at NLO from the high energy effective action  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on recent progress in the evaluation of next-to-leading order observables using Lipatov's QCD high energy effective action. In this contribution we focus on the determination of the real part of the next-to-leading order corrections to the Mueller-Tang impact factor which is the only missing element for a complete NLO BFKL description of quark induced dijet events with a rapidity gap.

Hentschinski, Martin; Murdaca, Beatrice

2013-04-01

165

The gluon-induced Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We complete the computation of the Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order (NLO) initiated in [1] and presented in [2] by computing the real corrections associated with gluons in the initial state making use of Lipatov's effective action. NLO corrections for this effective vertex are an important ingredient for a reliable description of large rapidity gap phenomenology within the BFKL approach.

Hentschinski, M.; Madrigal Martnez, J. D.; Murdaca, B.; Sabio Vera, A.

2014-12-01

166

Verification of efficacy as an ergogenic aid and safety in doping of sibjeondaebo-tang  

PubMed Central

[Purpose] Various kinds of food substances from all over the world have been proposed to use as ergogenic aids for the additional improvement of exercise performance especially in athletes. Herb medicine which usually being applied for the cure of disease is used as a performance booster in several far eastern countries including Korea. Many scientists and coaches have asked very objective verifications on the reality of herb medicines practically used but never been scientifically elucidated well enough. In addition to the possibility as an ergogenic aid, the safety in doping is the critical factor to be examined thoroughly. In this study, Sibjeondaebo-Tang, a leading popular prescribed herb medicine in Korea, was examined. [Methods] After the intake of Sibjeondaebo-Tang, its effects on VO2max, recovery from fatigue, and doping safety through the official process as WADA suggested. Six volunteered male Taekwondo Pumsae players were subjected in a repeatedly examined protocol. [Results] First of all, every subjects showed negative in doping test, and the treatment did not show any significant improvement on VO2max even though there was a significant decrease in blood lactate level on a step test. [Conclusion] In conclusion, Sibjeondaebo-Tang may have some limited effects as a fatigue delayer and the use of it showed safe to doping test with the strict limitation as the way in this study. So we should abstain from the over-interpreted application of the results so far.

Yoo, Hyun Jin; Choi, Geun Hoon; Lee, Man Gyoon; Kang, Chang Kyun; Park, Hyon

2014-01-01

167

Nanomaterials for Bioimaging and Drug Delivery Tang Z, S He, H Pei, D Du, C Fan, and Y Lin. 2013. "Graphene-Based Optical  

E-print Network

Nanomaterials for Bioimaging and Drug Delivery · Tang Z, S He, H Pei, D Du, C Fan, and Y Lin. 2013 and Nanodevices , ed. J Li and N Wu, pp. 93-110. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL · Y Yang, AM Asiri, Z Tang, D Du, Y Lin in Living Cells." Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(27):9274-9276. doi:10.1021/ja103169v · Tang Z

Dutta, Indranath

168

Issue in Honor of Prof. Zhi-Tang Huang ARKIVOC 2003 (II) 84-91 Catalytic asymmetric S-H insertion reaction of carbenoids  

E-print Network

Issue in Honor of Prof. Zhi-Tang Huang ARKIVOC 2003 (II) 84-91 Catalytic asymmetric S-H insertion University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China Email: wangjb@pku.edu.cn This paper is dedicated to Professor Zhi-Tang-6376 Page 84 ARKAT #12;Issue in Honor of Prof. Zhi-Tang Huang ARKIVOC 2003 (II) 84-91 HS N H O N O Me CO2H

Wang, Jianbo

169

Optimizing water quality monitoring networks using continuous longitudinal monitoring data: a case study of Wen-Rui Tang River, Wenzhou, China  

E-print Network

study of Wen-Rui Tang River, Wenzhou, China Kun Mei,a Yuanli Zhu,a Lingling Liao,a Randy Dahlgren,ab Xu. Sampling was conducted six times from March to October 2009 along a 6.5 km segment of the Wen-Rui Tang in the watershed have been polluted, of which Wen-Rui Tang River is one of the major polluted rivers in the city

Zhang, Minghua

170

High-performance liquid chromatography determination and pharmacokinetics of coumarin compounds after oral administration of Samul-Tang to rats  

PubMed Central

Background: Samul-tang has been traditionally used for the treatment of cardiovascular, gynecologic, cutaneous, and chronic inflammation disorders. Although coumarin compounds do have various pharmacological activities and the same may be present in Samul-tang, however there is little information about it. Objective: A simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed for the determination of nodakenin, nodakenetin, decursin, decursinol, and decursinol angelate in rat plasma. To obtain a better understanding for pharmacological properties of Samul-tang, pharmacokinetic study of coumarin compounds was performed after oral administration of Samul-tang in rats. Materials and Methods: Chromatographic separation of the analytes was successfully achieved on a Phenomenex Luna C18 column (4.6 mm250 mm, 5 ?m) using a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile water with a gradient elution at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. Noncompartmental analysis was performed. Results: Calibration curves for all analytes had good linearity (r2 <0.999) in a wide linear range. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) ranged from 0.05 to 0.1 ?g/mL. The variation of intra- and interday assay was less than 15%. Nodakenin, nodakenetin, and decursinol were determined in rat plasma after oral administration of Samul-tang. Conclusion: This developed and validated HPLC method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of three coumarin compounds in rats, given as a single oral administration of Samul-tang. These pharmacokinetic data of the nodakenin, nodakenetin, and decursinol could offer a new point of view to evaluate the pharmacological effects of Samul-tang. PMID:24696544

Hwang, Youn-Hwan; Cho, Won-Kyung; Jang, Doorye; Ha, Jeong-Ho; Ma, Jin Yeul

2014-01-01

171

Analysis of the elemental composition of Tang Sancai from the four major kilns in China using EDXRF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tang Sancai was widely used in the Tang Dynasty, and the study of this pottery provides information about the sociocultural aspects of the Tang people. To understand the characteristics of the different kilns for the production of Tang Sancai, Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) was used to analyze 174 Tang Sancai shards. These specimens were selected from four production centers in the Tang Dynasty, namely, the Huangye Kiln, the Huangbu Kiln, the Xing Kiln and the Liquanfang Kiln. The results demonstrate that the clay bodies from different kilns have varying compositions, and each kiln has a unique elemental fingerprint. Of the 17 elements analyzed, TiO2 and Fe2O3 had distinctly different contents in the samples from the Huangye Kiln and the Huangbu Kiln. For the Xing Kiln and the Huangye Kiln, the characteristic elements are Fe2O3 and MnO. For the Xing Kiln and the Huangbu Kiln, the most dissimilar elements are TiO2, MnO and ZnO. When the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was employed, the data points for the Huangye Kiln, the Huangbu Kiln and the Xing Kiln fell into distinct areas. For the Liquanfang Kiln, the contents of Al2O3 and Fe2O3 in white-bodied samples are different from those of other colors, which indicates that at least two types of raw materials were used. When compared with the white-bodied samples from the other three kilns, the white-bodied samples from the Liquanfang Kiln were found to have compositions similar to those of the samples from the Huangye Kiln, rather than the Huangbu Kiln, although the latter is much closer geographically than the former. All the obtained data provide valuable scientific criteria for provenance identification for Tang Sancai of unknown origin.

Ma, Bo; Liu, Long; Feng, Song-Lin; Xu, Qing; Feng, Xiang-Qian

2014-01-01

172

Walker-Wang models and axion electrodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We connect a family of gauge theories (Maxwell theories with a magnetoelectric coupling ? =2 ? k ,k ?Z ) to the family of 3D topological lattice models introduced by Walker and Wang. In particular, we show that the lattice Hamiltonians capture a certain strong-coupling limit of these gauge theories, in which the system enters a gapped (confined) phase. We discuss the relationship between the topological order exhibited by certain of these lattice Hamiltonians and the characteristic electromagnetic response of the symmetry-protected bosonic topological insulator.

von Keyserlingk, C. W.; Burnell, F. J.

2015-01-01

173

Wang Cubes for Video Synthesis and Geometry Placement (posters 0150) Peter G. Sibley  

E-print Network

Wang Cubes for Video Synthesis and Geometry Placement (posters 0150) Peter G. Sibley Brown an extension of Cohen's Wang Tiles to three dimen- sions:Wang Cubes. Cubes are filled with video or Poisson dis and games but also costly. We propose Wang Cubes where we only store 32 cubes and generate, at runtime

Laidlaw, David

174

Electrochemical behavior of ceria with selected metal electrodes William C. Chueh, Wei Lai, Sossina M. Haile  

E-print Network

Electrochemical behavior of ceria with selected metal electrodes William C. Chueh, Wei Lai, Sossina; accepted 31 December 2007 Abstract The electrochemical properties of the metal | doped ceria | metal systemV. The similarity in the characteristics of the two types of electrode materials indicates that the electrochemical

175

Observation of trapped light within the radiation contin-Chia Wei Hsu1,2  

E-print Network

Observation of trapped light within the radiation contin- uum Chia Wei Hsu1,2 , Bo Zhen1 , Jeongwon in a contin- uum of radiation modes--that is not due to symmetry incompatibility5­8,10­16 . Such a bound 1 #12

Soljaèiæ, Marin

176

Interactions of metallic quantum dots on a semiconductor substrate Wei Lu* and David Salac  

E-print Network

Interactions of metallic quantum dots on a semiconductor substrate Wei Lu* and David Salac 2006; published 11 August 2006 Experiments have shown that uniform metallic quantum dots may self-assemble on a semiconductor sub- strate. The observation calls for a repulsive force when the dots are close. In a traditional

Lu, Wei

177

Low-Power Acoustic Modem for Dense Underwater Sensor Jack Wills, Wei Ye, and John Heidemann  

E-print Network

Low-Power Acoustic Modem for Dense Underwater Sensor Networks Jack Wills, Wei Ye, and John- derwater environment, there is a compelling need to develop low-cost and low-power acoustic modems for short-range communications. This paper presents our work in design- ing and developing such a modem. We

Heidemann, John

178

A Walk-Through Programmed Robot for Welding in Shipyards Marcelo H. Ang Jr.*, Wei Lin#  

E-print Network

1 A Walk-Through Programmed Robot for Welding in Shipyards Marcelo H. Ang Jr.*, Wei Lin# and Ser: · Walk-through programming · Robotic welding · Automation in shipyards · Dynamic control Industrial Robot, Vol. 26, No. 5, 1999, pp. 377-388. #12;1 A Walk-Through Programmed Robot for Welding in Shipyards

Ang Jr.,, Marcelo H.

179

Simple high-pressure cell for neutron scattering Wei E&o and C. Broholma)  

E-print Network

Simple high-pressure cell for neutron scattering Wei E&o and C. Broholma) The Johns Hopkins, is developed for neutron scattering. It can be used with ILL type orange cryostats to obtain a temperature variables. While low-temperature is regularly used in neutron scattering, the use of high pressure is less

Broholm, Collin Leslie

180

Conformal Virtual Colon Flattening Wei Hong Xianfeng Gu Feng Qiu Miao Jin Arie Kaufman  

E-print Network

Conformal Virtual Colon Flattening Wei Hong Xianfeng Gu Feng Qiu Miao Jin Arie Kaufman Center-4400, USA (a) Holomorphic 1-form (b) Conformal virtual colon flattening Figure 1: Conformal Virtual Colon Flattening: (a) illustrates the holomorphic one-form on the colon surface by texture-mapping a checker board

Jin, Miao

181

Advantages of Motion-JPEG2000 in Video Processing Wei Yu Ruibiao Qiu Jason Fritts  

E-print Network

Advantages of Motion-JPEG2000 in Video Processing Wei Yu Ruibiao Qiu Jason Fritts Department image coding, JPEG2000, has been shown to provide superior coding e?ciency to the previous standard, JPEG. Because of the superb performance of JPEG2000, it is reasonable to argue that Motion-JPEG2000

Fritts, Jason

182

AN EFFICIENT PACKETIZATION ALGORITHM FOR JPEG2000 Wei Yu, Jason Fritts  

E-print Network

AN EFFICIENT PACKETIZATION ALGORITHM FOR JPEG2000 Wei Yu, Jason Fritts Washington University rate allocation and packetization within JPEG2000 encoding. JPEG2000, the new ISO/ITU-T standard, JPEG. However, the added efficiency of JPEG2000 comes at the cost of increased computational

Fritts, Jason

183

AN EFFICIENT PACKETIZATION ALGORITHM FOR JPEG2000 Wei Yu, Jason Fritts  

E-print Network

AN EFFICIENT PACKETIZATION ALGORITHM FOR JPEG2000 Wei Yu, Jason Fritts Washington University rate allocation and packetization within JPEG2000 encoding. JPEG2000, the new ISO/ITU­T standard, JPEG. However, the added efficiency of JPEG2000 comes at the cost of increased computational

Fritts, Jason

184

CORRECTING THE TYPE DESIGNATION OF PHOEBE CALCAREA S. K. LEE & F. N. WEI (LAURACEAE)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The name Phoebe calcarea S. K. Lee & F. N. Wei is in current use for a tree species of Lauraceae endemic to Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region in southern China. However, the type gathering cited in the protologue and the cited isotype bears characters prominently conflicting with the protologue, in...

185

Anomalous Dislocation Multiplication in FCC Metals Maurice de Koning, Wei Cai, and Vasily V. Bulatov  

E-print Network

Anomalous Dislocation Multiplication in FCC Metals Maurice de Koning, Wei Cai, and Vasily V multiplication in fcc aluminum reveal an unexpected mechanism, in which a Frank-Read source emits dislocations atomistic study of FR source operation in fcc aluminum that reveals a surprising variation to the classical

Cai, Wei

186

Notes on the CRTDH Group Key Agreement Protocol Spyros Magliveras and Wandi Wei  

E-print Network

Raton, FL 33431, USA Email: spyros@fau.edu and wei@brain.math.fau.edu Xukai Zou Computer and Information at the same time [33, 34, 12, 24], followed by many researchers proposing improvements and enhance- ments [11 in such schemes is a function of the secret shares contributed by the mem- bers. Being contributory in nature

Magliveras, Spyros

187

Classifying Facial Gestures in Presence of Head Motion Wei-Kai Liao and Isaac Cohen  

E-print Network

Classifying Facial Gestures in Presence of Head Motion Wei-Kai Liao and Isaac Cohen Institute. After estimating the head pose, the human face is modeled by a collection of face's regions. The detailed reviews of automatic facial gestures recognition could be found in [13][23]. More recently, Cohen

Cohen, Issac

188

Distributed Worm Simulation with a Realistic Internet Model Songjie Wei, Jelena Mirkovic, Martin Swany  

E-print Network

Distributed Worm Simulation with a Realistic Internet Model Songjie Wei, Jelena Mirkovic, Martin@cis.udel.edu) Abstract Internet worm spread is a phenomenon involving millions of hosts, who interact in complex at work in its network. Aggressive worms further interact with the underlying Internet topology

California at Los Angeles, University of

189

Power-optimal Encoding for DRAM Address Bus Wei-Chung Cheng and Massoud Pedram  

E-print Network

Power-optimal Encoding for DRAM Address Bus Wei-Chung Cheng and Massoud Pedram University Pyramid code, an optimal code for transmitting sequential addresses over a DRAM bus. Constructed Modern electronic systems have a dichotomy of simultaneously needing to be low power and high performance

Pedram, Massoud

190

Low Power Techniques for Address Encoding and Memory Allocation Wei-Chung Cheng and Massoud Pedram  

E-print Network

Low Power Techniques for Address Encoding and Memory Allocation Wei-Chung Cheng and Massoud Pedram switching activity for sequential access, we propose an optimal encoding, Pyramid code, for conventional DRAM mode as well as Burst Pyramid code for burst mode DRAM. To minimize the internal switching

Pedram, Massoud

191

ReImInfer: Method Purity Inference for Java Wei Huang Ana Milanova  

E-print Network

ReImInfer: Method Purity Inference for Java Wei Huang Ana Milanova Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute history of this problem, we know of no purity inference tool that scales to large codes and analyzes both, heap SSA, redundant load elimination and loop-invariant code motion. · Model checking: Tkachuk

Milanova, Ana

192

POLYMORPHISMS IN THE DNA NUCLEOTIDE EXCISION REPAIR GENES AND LUNG CANCER RISK IN XUAN WEI, CHINA  

EPA Science Inventory

The lung cancer mortality rate in Xuan Wei County, China is among the highest in the country and has been etiologically attributed to exposure to indoor smoky coal emissions that contain very high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Nucleotide excision repair (NE...

193

Integer DCT-based Image Coding Changjiang Wei Pengwei Hao Qingyun Shi  

E-print Network

Integer DCT-based Image Coding Changjiang Wei Pengwei Hao Qingyun Shi National Lab on Machine Perception, Peking University Beijing, 100871, CHINA Abstract DCT-based image/video coding is still popular now. In this paper, a novel embedded image coding scheme based on integer reversible DCT is proposed

Hao, Pengwei

194

Mesoscale Gravity Waves in Moist Baroclinic JetFront Systems JUNHONG WEI AND FUQING ZHANG  

E-print Network

Mesoscale Gravity Waves in Moist Baroclinic Jet­Front Systems JUNHONG WEI AND FUQING ZHANG of mesoscale gravity waves in moist baroclinic jet­front systems with varying degrees of convective instability of moist processes and baroclinicity in the generation and propagation of mesoscale gravity waves. The dry

Thompson, Anne

195

Managing Inventory of Items with Replacement Wei Huang Vidhyadhar Kulkarni 1  

E-print Network

Managing Inventory of Items with Replacement Warranty Wei Huang Vidhyadhar Kulkarni 1 Jayashankar items under warranty. We model this setting as a multi-period single product inventory problem where that neglects warranty repairs. Keyword: Warranty, Inventory, Stochastic Demand, Information. 1 This work

Kulkarni, Vidyadhar G.

196

Carbon-13 hyperfine structure of the CCCCH radical Wei Chen and Stewart E. Novick  

E-print Network

carbon position along the chain. A summary of the CCCCH spectroscopic results obtained to date is givenCarbon-13 hyperfine structure of the CCCCH radical Wei Chen and Stewart E. Novick Department on the distribution of the unpaired electron spin density along the carbon chain. The Fermi-contact constants, bF 13 C

197

Metamaterial Perfect Absorber Based Hot Electron Photodetection Wei Li and Jason Valentine*  

E-print Network

Metamaterial Perfect Absorber Based Hot Electron Photodetection Wei Li and Jason Valentine and in some cases low optical absorption. Here, we demonstrate how metamaterial perfect absorbers can be used, smaller than the hot electron diffusion length. By integrating the metamaterial with a silicon substrate

Simaan, Nabil

198

A broadband and high-gain metamaterial microstrip antenna Le-Wei Li,1,a  

E-print Network

A broadband and high-gain metamaterial microstrip antenna Le-Wei Li,1,a Ya-Nan Li,2 Tat Soon Yeo,2-patterned metamaterial concepts. Based on an ordinary patch antenna, the antenna has isolated triangle gaps and crossed of negative index metamaterial. It is shown to have great impact on the antenna performance enhancement

Floreano, Dario

199

Computer modeling approach for microsphere-packed bone scaffold Pallavi Lal, Wei Sun*  

E-print Network

Computer modeling approach for microsphere-packed bone scaffold Pallavi Lal, Wei Sun* Department modeling approach for constructing a three-dimensional microsphere-packed bone graft structure is presented extreme microsphere packing models (minimum-density packing and maximum-density packing) and a statistical

Sun, Wei

200

Electromigration-induced extrusion failures in Cu/low-k interconnects Frank L. Wei,1  

E-print Network

Electromigration-induced extrusion failures in Cu/low-k interconnects Frank L. Wei,1 Chee Lip Gan,2 at the interface between the silicon-nitride-based capping layer diffusion barrier and the underlying Cu, Ta liner failures are favored by ILDs with low stiffness low elastic moduli and thin liners, both of which

201

Proceedings of the 2012 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference X. Wei and A. Kusiak  

E-print Network

Optimization of Biogas Production Process in a Wastewater Treatment Plant Xiupeng Wei, Andrew Kusiak Department for optimization of biogas production process in a wastewater treatment plant is presented. The process model of the biogas production under optimized operation conditions. Keywords Biogas, wastewater treatment plant

Kusiak, Andrew

202

Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires Hui Pan, Weizhe Chen, Yuan Ping Feng, and Wei Jia  

E-print Network

, Pt, and Ag nanowires MNWs have been produced using anodic aluminum oxide as template. The grown MNWs by electrochemically depositing the metal into the anodic aluminum oxide AAO template that had the uniform poreOptical limiting properties of metal nanowires Hui Pan, Weizhe Chen, Yuan Ping Feng, and Wei Jia

Wei, Ji

203

BENCHMARKS FOR DDOS DEFENSE EVALUATION Jelena Mirkovic, Erinc Arikan and Songjie Wei Sonia Fahmy  

E-print Network

BENCHMARKS FOR DDOS DEFENSE EVALUATION Jelena Mirkovic, Erinc Arikan and Songjie Wei Sonia Fahmy for a common evalu- ation methodology for distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) defenses, to enable in a testbed setting, (ii) a set of performance metrics that express a defense system's effectiveness, cost

Fahmy, Sonia

204

Scattered Black Hole Search in an Oriented Ring using Tokens Stefan Dobrev, Nicola Santoro, Wei SHI  

E-print Network

Scattered Black Hole Search in an Oriented Ring using Tokens Stefan Dobrev, Nicola Santoro§, Wei@site.uottawa.ca {santoro,swei4}@scs.carleton.ca Abstract A black hole is a highly harmful host that disposes of vis- iting the black hole in a asynchronous ring network is known to be solvable by a team of mobile agents if each

Santoro, Nicola

205

A unit cell-based design support system for composite structures Xiaochun Hu, Wei Sun *  

E-print Network

A unit cell-based design support system for composite structures Xiaochun Hu, Wei Sun * Department Abstract A unit cell-based design support system (UCBDSS) for composite structural design is introduced (UCBDSS) for composite structural design. In the UCBDSS, a composite unit cell is defined not only

Sun, Wei

206

Silica-volatile interaction and the geological cause of the Xuan Wei lung cancer epidemic  

SciTech Connect

Parts of Xuan Wei County, Yunnan Province, China have the highest known lung cancer mortality in nonsmoking women. This high mortality displays a clear spatial relationship to the mines producing coal from the uppermost Permian. Geochemical, petrographic, and grain size analyses were undertaken on a set of coal samples from Xuan Wei. Results demonstrate that the single geochemical property that makes this coal unusual is its high concentration of quartz (13.5 wt %) of which 35-55% occurs as < 10 {mu}m grains. We propose the potential for silica-volatile interaction (PSVI) as a new method for assessing the combined influence of silica and volatile organic matter and use this as a basis for re-evaluating existing ecological data. Published lung cancer mortality values are more strongly correlated with PSVI values for Xuan Wei coal than with volatiles or silica alone and the PSVI values measured are distinct from those of other coals. Finally we propose that the localization of this epidemic to Xuan Wei results from enhanced weathering of the local Emeishan basalts as a consequence of geochemical perturbations at the Permo-Triassic Boundary.

David J. Large; Shona Kelly; Baruch Spiro; Linwei Tian; Longyi Shao; Robert Finkelman; Mingquan Zhang; Chris Somerfield; Steve Plint; Yasmin Ali; Yiping Zhou [University of Nottingham, Nottingham (United Kingdom). Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering

2009-12-01

207

Structural phase transition of alkane molecules in nanotube composites Chenyu Wei*  

E-print Network

Structural phase transition of alkane molecules in nanotube composites Chenyu Wei* NASA Ames of alkane molecules in carbon nanotube CNT composites are studied through molecular dynamics simulations transition of the alkane molecules is found with small radius armchaired CNT 5, 5 as a nucleation site, where

Wei, Chenyu

208

Behavioral thermoregulation by turtle embryos Wei-Guo Dua,b,1  

E-print Network

Behavioral thermoregulation by turtle embryos Wei-Guo Dua,b,1 , Bo Zhaob , Ye Chenb , and Richard Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; b Hangzhou Key Laboratory of Animal Adaptation and Evolution that ability. Falsifying that assumption, our experimental studies show that even early stage turtle embryos

Shine, Rick

209

Modular Robot Climbers Nadeesha Ranasinghe, Jacob Everist, Wei-Min Shen  

E-print Network

Modular Robot Climbers Nadeesha Ranasinghe, Jacob Everist, Wei-Min Shen Abstract-- The goal of modular robots is to achieve versatility in the field, while satisfying any number of traditional robot with modular robots. In particular, we focus on the tasks of climbing across a horizontal rope, climbing up

Shen, Wei-Min

210

Controller Free Gaming and Gesture Recognition Via Wei Zhao, Xiaolong Yuan, Raul Batista, Jeffrey Fan  

E-print Network

Controller Free Gaming and Gesture Recognition Via H.264 SoC Wei Zhao§, Xiaolong Yuan¶, Raul in the performance of hands-free video gaming consoles utilizing motion gesture recognition for interactive game play of the home video game console. Since the first home video gaming systems of the 1970's like Magnavox

Fan, Jeffrey

211

Around Montgomery's trick: A taste of a bit hack Marc Moreno Maza (after Wei Pan's notes)  

E-print Network

Around Montgomery's trick: A taste of a bit hack Marc Moreno Maza (after Wei Pan's notes of a bit hack #12;Introduction Let a, b, p be number-like objects (integer numbers, univariate polynomials over a field) and such that p {-1, 0, 1}. Around Montgomery's trick: A taste of a bit hack #12

Moreno Maza, Marc

212

Field emission from single-crystalline HfC nanowires Jinshi Yuan, Han Zhang, Jie Tang, Norio Shinya, Kiyomi Nakajima et al.  

E-print Network

Field emission from single-crystalline HfC nanowires Jinshi Yuan, Han Zhang, Jie Tang, Norio Shinya emission from single-crystalline HfC nanowires Jinshi Yuan,1,2 Han Zhang,3 Jie Tang,1,2 Norio Shinya,1

Qin, Lu-Chang

213

HUMAN DIVERSITY AND LANGUAGE DIVERSITY WILLIAM So-YoWANG  

E-print Network

dynastyand ruled the entirety of China for nearly 300 yearsHUMAN DIVERSITY AND LANGUAGE DIVERSITY WILLIAM So-YoWANG Departmentof still speakManchu.Thoseover thirty years old were likely to understandit

Wang, William Shi-Yuan

214

Petrology and structural modeling of skarn genesis in the Tange-Hana area (SW Iran)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tang-e-Hana region is located in the Snandaj-Sirjan structural zone in the Northwestern of Neyriz in the East of Fars province. The area mainly consist of ultramafic (harzburgite, dunite, wehrlite), mafic (gabbro) and marble rocks which partly changed to skarn. Contact of ultramafic rocks and Cretaceous calcite unites cause to form marble and skarn rocks in the study area. The main minerals in skarns are garnet (andradite+grossular), clinopyroxene (diopside, hedenbergite) Vesuvianite, Scapolite, wollastonite and magnetite. The skarn rocks show different temporal compound, so that the formation of wollastonite and garnet show gradual increase and decrease from SE to NW of the study area. The existence of wollastonite in the skarns of northern part of Tang-e-Hana is due to high temperature gradient and Xco2. According to microprobe analysis and field studies the temperature and Xco2 of the skarn rocks at the time of generation was estimated between 600?-800? and 0.03-0.3. Also the effective pressure of Oxygen was changed between 10-12 to 10-28 . In this paper we try to explain the changes of mention parameters with application of structural evolution models.

Moradipoor, Mahshid; Samani, Babak

2010-05-01

215

Evolution of the Orszag-Tang vortex system in a compressible medium. II - Supersonic flow  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study is presented on the effect of embedded supersonic flows and the resulting emerging shock waves on phenomena associated with MHD turbulence, including reconnection, the formation of current sheets and vortex structures, and the evolution of spatial and temporal correlations among physical variables. A two-dimensional model problem, the Orszag-Tang (1979) vortex system, is chosen, which involves decay from nonrandom initial conditions. The system is doubly periodic, and the initial conditions consist of single-mode solenoidal velocity and magnetic fields, each containing X points and O points. The initial mass density is flat, and the initial pressure fluctuations are incompressible, balancing the local forces for a magnetofluid of unit mass density. Results on the evolution of the local structure of the flow field, the global properties of the system, and spectral correlations are presented. The important dynamical properties and observational consequences of embedded supersonic regions and emerging shocks in the Orszag-Tang model of an MHD system undergoing reconnection are discussed. Conclusions are drawn regarding the effects of local supersonic regions on MHD turbulence.

Picone, J. Michael; Dahlburg, Russell B.

1991-01-01

216

December-2013-version PUBLICATION LIST OF DR. ALIAN WANG  

E-print Network

and calibration of sulfate targets with application to Mars exploration. Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 68, 1-16, doi. Rice M.S., J.F. Bell III, E.A. Cloutis, A. Wang, S.W. Ruff, M.A. Craig, D.T. Bailey, J.R. Johnson, P: Vis-NIR spectral characterization and regional mapping, Icarus, 205, p375-395. 16. Wang Alian, John J

217

Analytical Bound for Unwanted Clock Skew due to Wire Width Variation Anand Rajaram , Bing Lu, Wei Guo, Rabi Mahapatra  

E-print Network

Guo, Rabi Mahapatra , Jiang Hu Dept. of EE, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 Cadence Station, TX 77843 (anandr,rabi,jianghu)@tamu.edu, bingl@cadence.com, wei.guo@ifp.fr ABSTRACT Under modern

Mahapatra, Rabinarayan

218

Synthesis of (-)-Calicoferol B Douglass F. Taber,* Qin Jiang, Bei Chen, Wei Zhang, and Carlton L. Campbell  

E-print Network

Synthesis of (-)-Calicoferol B Douglass F. Taber,* Qin Jiang, Bei Chen, Wei Zhang, and Carlton L, 1499. (3) (a) Miyauchi, A.; Alvarez, J.; Greengield, E. M.; Teti, A.; Grano, M.; Colucci, S.; Zambonin

Taber, Douglass

219

POMDP Planning for High Level UAV Decisions: Search vs. Strike Doug Schesvold, Jingpeng Tang, Benzir Md Ahmed, Karl Altenburg,  

E-print Network

POMDP Planning for High Level UAV Decisions: Search vs. Strike Doug Schesvold, Jingpeng Tang Vehicles (UAVs). The type of UAV modeled is a flying munition with a limited fuel supply. The UAV is destroyed when it strikes a target. When a UAV detects a target, a decision has to be made whether

Nygard, Kendall E.

220

A High Speed Quantum Communication Testbed Carl J. Williams, Xiao Tang, Mikko Hiekkero, Julie Rouzaud, Richang Lu, Andreas Goedecke,  

E-print Network

A High Speed Quantum Communication Testbed Carl J. Williams, Xiao Tang, Mikko Hiekkero, Julie communications, gigabit ethernet 1. INTRODUCTION Quantum key distribution (QKD) has progressed rapidly since Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) has thus undertaken an effort to build a high-speed quantum

221

Exploring Social-Historical Ties on Location-Based Social Networks Huiji Gao, Jiliang Tang, and Huan Liu  

E-print Network

Exploring Social-Historical Ties on Location-Based Social Networks Huiji Gao, Jiliang Tang approach properly models user's check- ins and shows how social and historical ties can help location prediction. Introduction Social media extends the physical boundary of user activi- ties. As a new type

Liu, Huan

222

[Book reviews] The Science of Allelopathy, edited by A. R. Putnam and C. Tang; Allelopathy, by E .L. Rice  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Review of: Putnam, Alan R., and Chung-Shih Tang (eds.). 1986. The science of allelopathy. Wiley-Interscience Publications, John Wiley and Sons, New York. xi + 317 p. $52.50. Rice, Elroy L. 1984. Allelopathy. Second Edition. Academic Press, New York. xi + 422 p. $71.00.

Keeley, J.E.

1988-01-01

223

Design metal-dot based QCA circuits using SPICE model Rui Tang, Fengming Zhang, Yong-Bin Kim *  

E-print Network

U N C O R R EC TED PR O O F Design metal-dot based QCA circuits using SPICE model Rui Tang form 26 December 2005; accepted 10 January 2006 Abstract This paper proposes a SPICE model development methodology for quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) cells and presents a SPICE model for QCA cells. The model

Ayers, Joseph

224

Simultaneous determination of 11 major components in Palmul-tang by HPLC-DAD and LC-MS-MS.  

PubMed

Palmul-tang, a traditional herbal medicine, is composed of eight herbs (Ginseng radix, Glycyrrhizae radix, Hoelen, Atractylodis rhizoma, Angelicae gigantis radix, Cnidii rhizoma, Paeoniae radix and Rehmanniae radix) and exhibits various bioactivities, including antiallergic and antitumor effects. In this study, an effective, reliable and accurate high-performance liquid chromatography method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of 11 marker components in Palmul-tang: hydroxymethylfurfural, albiflorin, paeoniflorin, ferulic acid, nodakenin, ginsenoside Rg1, decursinol, glycyrrhizin, 6-gingerol, ginsenoside Rg3 and decursin. All calibration curves of the 11 components indicated excellent linearity (correlation coefficient > 0.9997) within the test range. The limits of detection and quantification of each component were in the ranges of 0.08-1.03 and 0.23-3.11 g/mL, respectively. The intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviation values were within 1.65 and 2.71%, respectively. The mean recovery values were 94.49 to 101.10%. The established method was successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of 11 major components in 12 commercial samples of Palmul-tang. The developed analytical method is simple and suitable for the quality control of Palmul-tang. PMID:23741048

Lee, Bohyoung; Weon, Jin Bae; Yun, Bo-Ra; Lee, Jiwoo; Eom, Min Rye; Ma, Choong Je

2014-07-01

225

Molding of Three-Dimensional Microstructures of Gels Min D. Tang, Andrew P. Golden, and Joe Tien*  

E-print Network

Molding of Three-Dimensional Microstructures of Gels Min D. Tang, Andrew P. Golden, and Joe Tien for microfabrication of gels: the use of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) stamps to mold, release, and stack gels into 3D structures, and the use of surface modification to promote the release or adhesion of molded gels

Tien, Joe

226

SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF ELLERMAN BOMBS Y. H. Tang, Z. Xu, M. D. Ding, and P. F. Chen  

E-print Network

SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF ELLERMAN BOMBS C. Fang,1 Y. H. Tang, Z. Xu, M. D. Ding, and P. F. Chen, the characteristics of 14 well-observed Ellerman bombs (EBs) have been analyzed. Our results indicate that 9 of the 14: chromosphere 1. INTRODUCTION As is well known, Ellerman bombs (EBs), or moustaches, are small short

Chen, P. F.

227

Oil price shocks and their short-and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a  

E-print Network

Oil price shocks and their short- and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a , Libo-correction model Oil-price shocks Price transmission mechanisms Investment Output Producer/consumer price index of oil-price shocks for the developed economies. However, there has been a lack of similar empirical

Matthews, Adrian

228

[Studies on absorption kinetics characteristics of diterpenoid alkaloids in rats after oral administration of Sini Tang powder].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the absorption kinetics of aconitine, mesaconitine and hypaconitine in rats after oral administration of Sini Tang powder. With cannulate portal and jugular veins cannulated (double-cannulate), conscious moving rats were orally administered Sini Tang. Then samples of portal and systemic blood were collected at the designated periods of time and analyzed for aconitine, mesaconitine and hypaconitine by HPLC. Apparent absorption coefficient of aconitine, mesaconitine and hypaconitine was caculated respectively. The results indicated that the apparent absorption coefficient of aconitine, mesaconitine and hypaconitine come from Sini Tang were 0. 336, 0. 090, 0. 176, respectively, which had some differences among them. It was also suggested that double-cannulated rat was useful for estimating the absorption kinetics of aconitine, mesaconitine and hypaconitine after orally administered Sini Tang by determining the AUC values for drugs in portal and systemic blood samples. The three alkaloids could all be detected in blood, but the absorption differences were existed among the three alkaloids. PMID:24199577

Lv, Chang-Jiang; Wang, Guo-Wei; Dai, Dong-Bo; Li, Fan-Zhu; Chen, Jing; Wei, Ying-Hui

2013-07-01

229

A Novel Micro-Strip Phased-Array based Semi-Smart Antenna Hongyan Tang, Robert Donnan and Clive Parini  

E-print Network

the base station following the negotiation, a phased array antenna is introduced. However, electronic phaseA Novel Micro-Strip Phased-Array based Semi-Smart Antenna Hongyan Tang, Robert Donnan and Clive Parini Dept. of Electronic Engineering, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS

Haddadi, Hamed

230

[Identification of constituents in Suanzaoren tang by LC-Q-TOF-MS and LC-IT-MS].  

PubMed

LC-Q-TOF-MS and LC-IT-MS in positive and negative ion mode were applied to simultaneously characterize the constituents in Suanzaoren tang. Analysis was performed on an Agilent Zorbax SB-C18, Rapid Resolution HT column(4.6 mmx 50 mm, 1. 8 micro m) with gradient elution of acetonitrile(A) -aqueous solution containing 0. 05% formic acid(B) at a flow rate of 0. 6 mL min(-1) and the column temperature was 30 degreesC. By comparing MS fragmentation, accurate molecular weight, literature date and standard compounds information, a total of48 compounds were successfully identified or speculated. The origins of these compounds were assigned to the corresponding Chinese medicine. Thirty-one compounds were reported in Suanzaoren tang for the first time. LC-Q-TOF-MS combined with LC-IT-MS is a simple and rapid tool for the identification of constituents of Suanzaoren tang, and the results could provide evidence for the research on quality combined and effective constituents of Suanzaoren tang. PMID:24946548

Zhu, Yun-Xiang; Chen, Lu-Lin; Gong, Jing-Ru; Wang, Shu-Fang

2014-02-01

231

Adsorption-Desorption Kinetics of Atrazine on Vermiculite Using a Stirred-flow Technique. L. TANG* and D. L.  

E-print Network

Adsorption-Desorption Kinetics of Atrazine on Vermiculite Using a Stirred-flow Technique. L. TANG* and D. L. SPARKS, Univ. of Delaware. The rates of atrazine adsorption-desorption on a Llano was suitable to describe the adsorption-desorption of atrazine on vermiculite. One of the implications

Sparks, Donald L.

232

A Systems Biology-Based Investigation into the Pharmacological Mechanisms of Wu Tou Tang Acting on Rheumatoid Arthritis by Integrating Network Analysis  

PubMed Central

Aim. To investigate pharmacological mechanisms of Wu Tou Tang acting on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by integrating network analysis at a system level. Methods and Results. Drug similarity search tool in Therapeutic Targets Database was used to screen 153 drugs with similar structures to compositive compounds of each ingredient in Wu Tou Tang and to identify 56 known targets of these similar drugs as predicted molecules which Wu Tou Tang affects. The recall, precision, accuracy, and F1-score, which were calculated to evaluate the performance of this method, were, respectively, 0.98, 0.61, 59.67%, and 0.76. Then, the predicted effector molecules of Wu Tou Tang were significantly enriched in neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and calcium signaling pathway. Next, the importance of these predicted effector molecules was evaluated by analyzing their network topological features, such as degree, betweenness, and k-coreness. We further elucidated the biological significance of nine major candidate effector molecules of Wu Tou Tang for RA therapy and validated their associations with compositive compounds in Wu Tou Tang by the molecular docking simulation. Conclusion. Our data suggest the potential pharmacological mechanisms of Wu Tou Tang acting on RA by combining the strategies of systems biology and network pharmacology. PMID:23690848

Zhang, Yanqiong; Lin, Na

2013-01-01

233

Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 22, 1647}1669 (1999)  

E-print Network

al. [2], Du [3], Tang [15], Liang and Tang [12], Tang and Wang [16], TakaH c\\ [14], Fleckinger investigated by Liang and Tang [12] with the London gauge for which it holds div A"0. In [16], Tang and Wang

Rodríguez-Bernal, Aníbal

234

Ozonization at the Vacancy Defect Site of the Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Lei Vincent Liu, Wei Quan Tian, and Yan Alexander Wang*  

E-print Network

at the active carbon atom at 300 K. Complementary to the experiments, our work provides a microscopic since the discoveries of Iijima in the early 1990s.1 A lot of potential applications of the SWCNTs have

Wang, Yan Alexander

235

DeepReID: Deep Filter Pairing Neural Network for Person Re-Identification Wei Li Rui Zhao Tong Xiao Xiaogang Wang  

E-print Network

optimized to maximize the strength of each component when cooperat- ing with others. In contrast to existing is an essential step for extracting pedestrians from long-hour recorded videos. Given a pedestrian detection of the same person undergo photometric transforms due to the change of lighting conditions and camera settings

Wang, Xiaogang

236

XOR-Forwarding for Wireless Networks Hsiang-Po Wang, Yi-Ta Chuang, Chih-Wei Yi, Yu-Chee Tseng and Pin-Chuan Liu  

E-print Network

workstations, Alice and Bob, and one relay node, Charlie. Alice and Bob need Charlie to relay messages for each to Charlie, and then Charlie relays p1 to Bob and p2 to Alice. It takes 4 time slots to complete the task. However, there is a smart way for Charlie to relay packets: After Charlie receives p1 and p2, instead

Tseng, Yu-Chee

237

Restoration of graphene from graphene oxide by defect repair Meng Cheng, Rong Yang, Lianchang Zhang, Zhiwen Shi, Wei Yang, Duoming Wang,  

E-print Network

Restoration of graphene from graphene oxide by defect repair Meng Cheng, Rong Yang, Lianchang Zhang A C T A simple and efficient method to repair defects in graphene oxide (GO) is reported, accom are introduced by the oxidation and exfoliation process. These defects can de- grade graphene's quality much, i

Zhang, Guangyu

238

Numerical simulation of the compressible Orszag-Tang vortex 2. Supersonic flow  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The numerical investigation of the Orszag-Tang vortex system in compressible magnetofluids will consider initial conditions with embedded supersonic regions. The simulations have initial average Mach numbers 1.0 and 1.5 and beta 10/3 with Lundquist numbers 50, 100, or 200. The behavior of the system differs significantly from that found previously for the incompressible and subsonic analogs. Shocks form at the downstream boundaries of the embedded supersonic regions outside the central magnetic X-point and produce strong local current sheets which dissipate appreciable magnetic energy. Reconnection at the central X-point, which dominates the incompressible and subsonic systems, peaks later and has a smaller impact as M increases from 0.6 to 1.5. Similarly, correlation between the momentum and magnetic field begins significant growth later than in subsonic and incompressible flows. The shocks bound large compression regions, which dominate the wavenumber spectra of autocorrelations in mass density, velocity, and magnetic field.

Picone, J. M.; Dahlburg, Russell B.

1990-01-01

239

Finding fault: Earthquakes during the reign of Tang Dezong (785-805)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Drawing from trends in environmental and disaster studies, this study examines the meaning of earthquakes within the official histories of China's Tang Dynasty (618-907), specifically those during the reign of Emperor Dezong (r. 785-805), as both historiographic metaphors and incidents of real natural-induced disaster. Earthquakes, like other forms of potentially harmful natural phenomena, demonstrated, the Chinese believed, Heaven's dissatisfaction with a sitting ruler. Over time, ministers and court scholars sought to draw connections between earthquakes and specific forms of behavior in attempts to perhaps prevent future incidents of seismic reproach. And though certain relationships are articulated more clearly in some parts of the histories than others, earthquakes nevertheless demonstrated an ability to engender a great sense of uncertainty and discord within historical memory. Consequently, the reading of the natural world codified in the official histories marked an attempt by the Chinese state to control human behavior for generations to come.

Fortenberry, Kyle S.

240

Visco-Resistive Dissipation in Transient Reconnection Driven by the Orszag-Tang Vortex  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Viscous effects are expected to significantly contribute to reconnective energy release mechanisms in solar flares. While simple scaling arguments based on head-on reconnection suggest that viscous dissipation may dominate resistive dissipation, it is not clear whether these findings can be applied in more general merging situations. Here we perform side-by-side planar reconnection simulations driven by the Orszag-Tang vortex, for both classical and Braginskii forms of the viscosity. This formulation has the advantage of providing an autonomous MHD system that develops strong current layers, sustained by large-scale vortical shearing flows. The dissipation rates are shown to follow analytically based scaling laws, which suggest that viscous losses generated from large-scale non-uniform velocity fields are likely to dominate resistive losses in current-sheet reconnection solutions.

Armstrong, C. K.; Craig, I. J. D.

2013-04-01

241

Flexor pollicis longus primary repair: further experience with the tang technique and controlled active mobilization.  

PubMed

This study reports our treatment of divided flexor pollicis longus tendons by primary repair from January 2004 to September 2007. Fifty flexor pollicis longus repairs carried out using the Tang technique of three Tsuge sutures are reported in this study. A circumferential suture was not used routinely. Excellent or good results were observed in 78/82% of cases (White/Buck-Gramcko assessments, respectively). No patients ruptured repairs as a result of early active mobilization. No patients developed postoperative infections with wound and tendon dehiscence. One patient developed Chronic Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1. We have found this repair of the flexor pollicis longus tendon to be safe for early active mobilization and it is easier to perform than primary repair of this tendon using four strand Kessler-type core sutures and elaborate circumferential sutures, as reported previously. PMID:19786414

Giesen, T; Sirotakova, M; Copsey, A J; Elliot, D

2009-12-01

242

Date 2014 Day Lecture Lecturer Jan. 13 Mon Course Introduction Wang/Conrad  

E-print Network

Synthetic Biology II Havranek Feb. 14 Fri LAB: Synthetic Gene Assembly Feb. 17 Mon Epigenomics I Wang Feb. 19 Wed Epigenomics II Wang Feb. 21 Fri LAB: DNA Methylation Feb. 24 Mon DNA Binding Specificity I

Doering, Tamara

243

A Frictional Skeleton Model for the MaddenJulian Oscillation* FEI LIU AND BIN WANG  

E-print Network

in the Eastern Hemisphere (Knutson and Weickmann 1987; Wang and Rui 1990; Hendon and Salby 1994; Maloney over the equatorial Indian Ocean and the western Pacific (Rui and Wang 1990; Hendon and Salby 1994

Wang, Bin

244

High-repetition rate quantum key distribution J. C. Bienfang, A. Restelli, D. Rogers, A. Mink, B. J. Hershman, A. Nakassis, X. Tang, L. Ma, H.  

E-print Network

High-repetition rate quantum key distribution J. C. Bienfang, A. Restelli, D. Rogers, A. Mink, B. J. Hershman, A. Nakassis, X. Tang, L. Ma, H. Xu, D. H. Su, Charles W. Clark, and Carl J. Williams National

245

The rubber band revisited: Wang-Landau simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we apply Wang-Landau simulations to a simple model which has exact solutions both in the microcanonical and canonical formalisms. The simulations were carried out by using an updated version of the Wang-Landau sampling. We consider a homopolymer chain consisting of N monomers units which may assume any configuration on the two-dimensional lattice. By imposing constraints to the moves of the polymers we obtain three different models. Our results show that updating the density of states only after every N monomer moves leads to a better precision. We obtain the specific heat and the end-to-end distance per monomer and test the precision of our simulations by comparing the location of the maximum of the specific heat with the exact results and conventional Wang-Landau simulations for the three types of walk.

Ferreira, Lucas S.; Caparica, lvaro A.; Neto, Minos A.; Galiceanu, Mircea D.

2012-10-01

246

THE SONG OF EVERLASTING SORROW: WANG ANYI'S TALE OF SHANGHAI  

E-print Network

, about the life of a Miss Shanghai beauty pageant winner, Wang Qiyao, and her life before and after the new China of 1949. With this work, she became the winner of the prestigious Fifth Mao Dun Literature Award. The book was also voted as one... Berry and Susan Chan Egan (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008), 17-18. 18 Wang, Anyi, Changhen ge??? [The Song of Everlasting Sorrow] (Beijing: Zuojia chubanshe ?????, 1996), 20. 1 7 the beauty pageant of Miss Shanghai as the city...

Schneider, Nancy

2010-02-03

247

UPLC-ESI/MS determination of 17 active constituents in two categorized formulas of traditional Chinese medicine, Sanhuang Xiexin Tang and Fuzi Xiexin Tang: application in comparing the differences in decoctions and macerations.  

PubMed

A rapid and sensitive UPLC-ESI/MS method was established and validated to determine 17 active constituents (aconitine, hypaconitine, mesaconitine, benzoylaconine, benzoylhypaconine, benzoylmesaconine, berberine, palmatine, jatrorrhizine, coptisine, baicalein, wogonin, baicalin, wogonoside, emodin, aloe-emodin and rhein) in Sanhuang Xiexin Tang (SXT) and Fuzi Xiexin Tang (FXT), which are two classic compound recipes from Xiexin Tang categorized formulas in traditional Chinese medicien. The separation was performed on a UPLC BEH C18 column gradient eluted using acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid as mobile phase. ESI/MS was operated in positive ([M + H](+)) in selected ion recording mode for analysis of alkaloids and flavones, while in negative ([M - H](-)) selected ion recording mode for anthraquinones. All of the 17 constituents exhibited good linearity in a relatively wide concentration ranges with the lowest limits of detection of 0.38 ng/mL. All of the relative standard deviation values of intra- and inter-precisions and stabilities of 17 constituents were within 5%. The method was successfully applied to determine 17 active constituents in decoctions and macerations of SXT and FXT. The results indicated that different preparative methods resulted in significant diversity in concentrations of the 17 analytes. Herb-herb interaction appeared between aconitum alkaloids in Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and another three herbs. PMID:23629873

Zhang, Qian; Wang, Chang-hong; Ma, Yue-ming; Zhu, En-yuan; Wang, Zheng-tao

2013-08-01

248

CALIXARENE-ENCAPSULATED COBALT NANOPARTICLE RINGS Kasama, T.; Dunin-Borkowski, R. E.; Scheinfein, M. R.; Tripp, S. L.; Liu, J.; Wei, A.  

E-print Network

CALIXARENE-ENCAPSULATED COBALT NANOPARTICLE RINGS Kasama, T.; Dunin-Borkowski, R. E.; Scheinfein, M. R.; Tripp, S. L.; Liu, J.; Wei, A. Calixarenes are excellent encapsulating agents for metal=up/in). References: 1 Wei, A. (2006). Calixarene-encapsulated nanoparticles:self-assembly into functional

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

249

Effects of age, size, and density on natural survival for an important coral reef fishery species, yellow tang, Zebrasoma flavescens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hundreds of thousands of juvenile yellow tang, Zebrasoma flavescens, are caught each year in the state of Hawaii (USA) for the live aquarium trade. As part of an extensive adaptive management\\u000a strategy built around a network of protected areas, an emphasis was placed on understanding this important species life history.\\u000a Multiple capture-mark-recapture techniques and a model selection approach to data

J. T. Claisse; S. A. McTee; J. D. Parrish

2009-01-01

250

Evaluation of the influence of sulfur fumigation on the pharmacokinetics of four active ingredients in Si Wu Tang.  

PubMed

Sulfur fumigation may induce the decrease or the chemical transformation of some active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines in vitro. Whether sulfur fumigation can cause the pharmacokinetic changes of the active ingredients in vivo is related to the efficacy and the safety of Chinese medicines' application clinically. A sensitive, specific, and accurate method for the simultaneous determination of paeoniflorin, ferulic acid, senkyunolide A, and senkyunolide I in rat plasma by ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry was developed to evaluate the influence of sulfur fumigation to Si Wu Tang for the first time. Each compound was extracted from plasma samples by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate, and the chromatographic separation was accomplished on an Agilent Extend C18 column with a linear gradient elution. The mass spectrometric detection and analysis were performed by using an AB Sciex triple quadrupole 5500 mass spectrometer in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The validated method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of four compounds in rats after oral administration of sun-dried and sulfur-fumigated Si Wu Tang. The results provided a meaningful basis for evaluating the affection of sulfur fumigation to the clinical application and the efficacy of Si Wu Tang. PMID:25354295

Pei, Ke; Cai, Hao; Liu, Xiao; Tu, Sicong; Cao, Gang; Li, Huan; Zhao, Yingying; Song, Xiaoqing; Lou, Yajing; Qiao, Fengxian; Cai, Baochang

2015-01-01

251

Qualitative and quantitative simultaneous determination of six marker compounds in Soshiho-tang by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS.  

PubMed

Soshiho-tang, one of the herbal prescriptions, has been used in treatment of chronic liver disease. In this study, the efficient high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of six marker compounds, namely homogentisic acid, baicalin, glycyrrhizin, saikosaponin A, 6-gingerol and ginsenoside Rg3 in Soshiho-tang. The analysis of six marker compounds was carried out using a C(18) column (SHISEIDO S-5 ?m, 4.6 mm I.D. 250 mm) and gradient elution with water - 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid and acetonitrile. The analytical method was validated for linearity, precision and accuracy. Calibration curve for six marker compounds showed good linear regression (r(2) > 0.9996). The limits of detection (LOD) and limits of quantification (LOQ) for analytes were ranged from 0.04 to 0.16 ?g/mL and 0.12 to 0.47 ?g/mL, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSD%) of the precision test, intra- and inter-day, were less than 0.32% and 0.10%, respectively. All recoveries of the six marker compounds were ranged from 100.05% to 102.25% with RSD less than 0.63%. These results have shown that this developed method was efficient for the quality evaluation of Soshiho-tang. PMID:23139130

Yang, Hye Jin; Ma, Jin Yeul; Weon, Jin Bae; Lee, Bohyoung; Ma, Choong Je

2012-10-01

252

u p p l e m e n t This document is a supplement to "A Ventilation Index for Tropical Cyclones," by Brian Tang and Kerry emanuel (Bull. Amer.  

E-print Network

," by Brian Tang and Kerry emanuel (Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 1901­1912) · ©2012 American Meteorological Society · Corresponding author: Brian Tang, ES 324, 1400 Washington Ave., Albany, NY 12222 · E-mail: btang@albany.edu · DOI:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00165.2 A VENTIlATION INDEx fOr TrOpIcAl cYclONES By Brian Tang and Kerry

Tang, Brian

253

Up-Fusion: An Evolving Multimedia Decision Fusion Xiangyu Wang  

E-print Network

Up-Fusion: An Evolving Multimedia Decision Fusion Method Xiangyu Wang National Univ. of Singapore multimedia's nature of hav- ing multiple information sources, fusion methods are criti- cal for its data analysis and understanding. However, most of the traditional fusion methods are static with respect to time

Rui, Yong

254

Global warming and United States landfalling hurricanes Chunzai Wang1  

E-print Network

Global warming and United States landfalling hurricanes Chunzai Wang1 and Sang-Ki Lee2 Received 18] A secular warming of sea surface temperature occurs almost everywhere over the global ocean. Here we use observational data to show that global warming of the sea surface is associated with a secular increase

Wang, Chunzai

255

Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang  

E-print Network

Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang Network Communications the hybrid renewable energy investment in the microgrid. We jointly consider the investment and operation that the demand response saves 18% of the capital investment, and hybrid renewable energy investment reduces

Huang, Jianwei

256

Improved Website Fingerprinting on Tor Tao Wang Ian Goldberg  

E-print Network

Improved Website Fingerprinting on Tor Tao Wang Ian Goldberg Cheriton School of Computer Science fingerprinting techniques that achieve a higher classification accuracy on Tor than previous works. We describe our novel methodology for gathering data on Tor; this methodology is essential for accurate classifier

Goldberg, Ian

257

Estimating the diversity of dinosaurs Steve C. Wang*  

E-print Network

Estimating the diversity of dinosaurs Steve C. Wang* and Peter Dodson *Department of Mathematics, little effort has been devoted to estimating the diversity of dinosaurs. Here we estimate the diversity of nonavian dinosaurs at 1,850 genera, including those that remain to be discovered. With 527 genera currently

Wang, Steve C.

258

Iron isotope fractionation in planetary crusts Kun Wang a,  

E-print Network

Iron isotope fractionation in planetary crusts Kun Wang a, , Fre´de´ric Moynier a , Nicolas Dauphas; available online 27 April 2012 Abstract We present new high precision iron isotope data (d56 Fe vs. IRMM-014 other eucrites. We show that this difference can be ascribed to the enrichment of heavy iron isotopes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

259

ON SOLAR NEUTRINO PROBLEM TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG  

E-print Network

ON SOLAR NEUTRINO PROBLEM TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG Abstract. The current neutrino oscillation an alternative resolution to the solar neutrino loss problem. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Discrepancy of Solar, there are three flavors of neutrinos: the electron neutrino e, the tau neutrino and the mu neutrino µ. The solar

260

ESTIMATING DARK MATTER DISTRIBUTIONS Xiao Wang and Michael Woodroofe  

E-print Network

ESTIMATING DARK MATTER DISTRIBUTIONS Xiao Wang and Michael Woodroofe Department of Statistics are on the horizon. A key aim of these data sets is to help determine the distribution of dark matter. Subject headingg: dark matter -- galaxies: dwarf -- galaxies: kinematics and dynamics -- methods: data

Woodroofe, Michael B.

261

Converge-Cast with MIMO , Xinbing Wang3  

E-print Network

Converge-Cast with MIMO Luoyi Fu1 , Yi Qin2 , Xinbing Wang3 , Xue Liu4 1,2,3 Depart. of Electronic, called converge-cast, where each of the n nodes in the network act as a destination with k ran- domly two many-to-one cooperative schemes under converge-cast for both static and mobile ad hoc networks

Wang, Xinbing

262

Novel Zinc Oxide Nanostructures Discovery by Electron Zhong Lin Wang  

E-print Network

Novel Zinc Oxide Nanostructures Discovery by Electron Microscopy Zhong Lin Wang School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0245, USA Abstract. Zinc oxide fabricated based on individual nanobelts. Thermal transport along a nanobelt has been measured [7]. Zinc

Wang, Zhong L.

263

Energy Harvesting for Self-Powered Nanosystems Zhong Lin Wang  

E-print Network

Energy Harvesting for Self-Powered Nanosystems Zhong Lin Wang School of Materials Science In this article, an introduction is presented about the energy harvesting technologies that have potential. This is a potential technology for converting mechanical movement energy (such as body movement, muscle stretching

Wang, Zhong L.

264

Water Drops on Surfaces Huamin Wang Peter J. Mucha  

E-print Network

-solid interaction, contact line/angle, virtual surface, water drop 1 Introduction Although simulating fluids has and splitting and the motion of water rivulets. The core of our algorithm is a virtual surface method, whichWater Drops on Surfaces Huamin Wang Peter J. Mucha Georgia Institute of Technology Greg Turk

Turk, Greg

265

Pulmonary fissure segmentation on CT Jingbin Wang a  

E-print Network

on chest CT of 10 patients with pulmonary nodules. Only 78 out of 3286 left or right lung regionsPulmonary fissure segmentation on CT Jingbin Wang a , Margrit Betke a,*, Jane P. Ko b a Computer Science Department, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA b Department of Radiology, New York

Betke, Margrit

266

Second-Depth Shadow Mapping Yulan Wang and Steven Molnar  

E-print Network

Second-Depth Shadow Mapping Yulan Wang and Steven Molnar Department of Computer Science University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3175 Abstract Depth-map algorithms for rendering antialiased an improved depth-map shadow algorithm that does not require a bias for scenes composed of solids and produces

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

267

Light trapping in photonic crystals Ken Xingze Wang,ab  

E-print Network

Light trapping in photonic crystals Ken Xingze Wang,ab Zongfu Yu,bc Victor Liu,bd Aaswath Raman,b Yi Cuief and Shanhui Fan*b We consider light trapping in photonic crystals in the weak material-integrated absorption enhancement by light trapping is proportional to the photonic density of states. The tight bound

Cui, Yi

268

UNIFIED THEORY OF DARK ENERGY AND DARK SHOUHONG WANG 2  

E-print Network

UNIFIED THEORY OF DARK ENERGY AND DARK MATTER TIAN MA, 1 SHOUHONG WANG 2 Abstract. The aim of this research report is to derive a uni- fied theory for dark matter and dark energy. Due to the presence of dark energy and dark matter, we postulate that the energy- momentum tensor of the normal matter

Wang, Shouhong

269

Evidence of Dark Matter Sifan Wang December 3, 2013  

E-print Network

Evidence of Dark Matter Sifan Wang December 3, 2013 #12;Four evidences Galaxy gravitational theory 2) Dark matter Both under way! 2) is more accepted. #12;Mass not concentrated at center by an enormous halo of nonluminous (dark) matter! #12;How to measure velocity? Compare shifts of spectral lines

Budker, Dmitry

270

Spectroscopic Properties of Colloidal Indium Phosphide Quantum Wires Fudong Wang,  

E-print Network

Spectroscopic Properties of Colloidal Indium Phosphide Quantum Wires Fudong Wang,§ Heng Yu,§ Jingbo, 2007. E-mail: buhro@wustl.edu. Title running head: Spectroscopic Properties of InP Quantum Wires spectroscopically, are compared to the results of various theoretical analyses, and to previous experimental values

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

271

Discovering Spammers in Social Networks , Xiao Wang , Erheng Zhong  

E-print Network

, spammers in social media behave like nor- mal users and they continue to change their spamming strategies of their social media. Another challenge in detecting social spam- mers is that their behaviors change too fast,ezhong,nliu,qyang}@cse.ust.hk, {xiao.wang, he.li}@renren-inc.com Abstract As the popularity of the social media increases, as evidenced

Yang, Qiang

272

Automatic Set Instance Extraction using the Web Richard C. Wang  

E-print Network

Automatic Set Instance Extraction using the Web Richard C. Wang Language Technologies Institute set expansion - the problem of find- ing all instances of a set given a small number of "seed languages. In brief, we use language- dependent hyponym patterns to find a noisy set of initial seeds

Cohen, William W.

273

A Soluble C1b Protein and Its Regulation of Soluble Type 7 Adenylyl Cyclase Jeff A. Beeler,, Shui-Zhong Yan, Sergei Bykov,| Adrian Murza,| Sanford Asher,| and Wei-Jen Tang*,  

E-print Network

ReceiVed August 6, 2004 ABSTRACT: Adenylyl cyclase (AC) is a prototypical cell-signaling molecule expressed in virtually all organisms from bacteria to man. While C1b, a poorly conserved region within in virtually every organism from bacteria to man. AC plays a role in diverse physiological functions from

Asher, Sanford A.

274

Node Reclamation and Replacement for Long-lived Sensor Networks Bin Tong, Guiling Wang, Wensheng Zhang, and Chuang Wang  

E-print Network

Node Reclamation and Replacement for Long-lived Sensor Networks Bin Tong, Guiling Wang, Wensheng and reclamation (NRR) strategy, with which a mobile robot or human labor called mobile repairman (MR) periodically to schedule the replace- ment/reclamation activities of the MR and the duty cycles of nodes. Extensive

Zhang, Wensheng

275

Coptidis rhizome and Si Jun Zi Tang Can Prevent Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Infection in Mice  

PubMed Central

Salmonella, a common zoonotic pathogen, causes gastroenteritis in both humans and animals. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been used to improve gastrointestinal dysfunction and to modify the immune response to inflammation for centuries. This study used six herbal plants and four TCM formulae to rate their efficacy in preventing S. Typhimurium infection via mouse model. Minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of Coptidis rhizome (CR) against the reference strain tallied 12.5 mg/ml and against clinical isolate ST21 was 25 mg/ml. MBCs of other herbal extracts and formulae on Salmonella Typhimurium strains were above 50 mg/ml. In the mice model, CR and Si Jun Zi Tang (SJZT) could significantly decrease the bacterial load in organs and blood after being challenged, along with body weight loss due to the infection. CR and SJZT alleviated infection-induced interferon-gamma levels in the serum and tissues, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) levels in intestinal tissues. CR and SJZT serum metabolites could suppress S. Typhimurium invasion and TNF-? expression in RAW264.7 cells. The therapeutic activity of CR and SJZT may involve berberine, ginsenoside Rb1, and glycyrrhizin, interfering with Salmonella when invading macrophages. CR and SJZT has shown potential in preventing S. Typhimurium infection through the regulation of the immune response. PMID:25133542

Chang, Chiung-Hung; Yu, Bi; Su, Chiu-Hsian; Chen, Daniel S.; Hou, Yu-Chi; Chen, Yueh-Sheng; Hsu, Yuan-Man

2014-01-01

276

Neuroprotective and cognitive enhancing activity of the fermented Bozhougyiqi-Tang  

PubMed Central

Background: Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease related to memory impairments and neuronal cell death. Bozhougyiqi-Tang (BZYQT), a traditional herbal medicine, has been therapeutically used for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluated the neuroprotective effect of the fermented BZYQT and compared with unfermented BZYQT in HT22 cells by MTT assay and tested the beneficial effect on memory impairments induced by scopolamine (1 mg/kg, i.p.) using the passive avoidance and Morris water maze tests. Results: Compared with unfermented BZYQT, the neuroprotective effect of fermented BZYQT on glutamate induced neurotoxicity in HT22 cells increased at a concentration of 100 ?g/mL. Fermented BZYQT increased the step-through latency of the passive avoidance response. Furthermore, in Morris water maze test for evaluation of spatial learning and memory, escape latency time was significantly reduced by fermented BZYQT. Conclusion: These results suggest that the fermentation process of BZYQT led to improve neuroprotective and cognitive enhancing effect. PMID:24991099

Weon, Jin Bae; Lee, Bohyoung; Yun, Bo-Ra; Lee, Jiwoo; Ma, Jin Y; Ma, Choong Je

2014-01-01

277

Fermented soshiho-tang with Lactobacillus plantarum enhances the antiproliferative activity in vascular smooth muscle cell  

PubMed Central

Background Soshiho-tang (SST) is a traditional medicine widely used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis. SST has been shown to confer a variety of pharmacological activities, including prevention of hepatotoxicity, promotion of liver regeneration, and modulation of liver fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the antiproliferative activity of native and fermented (FSST) formulations of SST in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and examined the potential underlying mechanisms driving these effects. Methods SST, along with preparations fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum KFRI-144 (S-A144), L. amylophilus KFRI-161 (S-A161) and L. bulgaricus KFRI-344 (S-A344), were investigated to determine their effects on the proliferation and viability of VSMCs, along with the signalling pathways underlying these effects. Results S-A144 exhibited a strong, dose-dependent inhibition of VSMC proliferation relative to untreated controls, but the others did not affect. In addition, S-A144 significantly decreased the phosphorylation of Akt and PLC?1 in a dose-dependent manner and induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase characterised by decreased expression of CDKs, cyclins and PCNA. Conclusions The findings suggest that S-A144 exhibit enhanced inhibition of PDGF-BB-induced VSMC proliferation comparison to S-AOR through the suppression of cell cycle progression and expression of cell cycle-related proteins, along with the downregulation of Akt phosphorylation. PMID:24580756

2014-01-01

278

Anti-Inflammatory Effects of the Chinese Herbal Formula Sini Tang in Myocardial Infarction Rats  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory profiling of the Chinese herbal formula Sini Tang (SNT) in myocardial infarction (MI) rats. SNT, a decoction consisting of four herbs: Aconitum carmichaelii, Cinnamomum cassia, Zingiber officinale, and Glycyrrhiza uralensis, was characterized as a remedy to treat syndromes corresponding to heart failure and MI in China. Potential biomarkers, which reflect the extent of myocardial necrosis and correlate with cardiac outcomes following MI, such as atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-?, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1? (TNF-?, IL-6, and IL-1?) were determined in plasma, serum, and in myocardial tissue of MI rats after treatment with SNT. Our data indicate that SNT decreased significantly the levels of hs-CRP, TNF-?, IL-6, and IL-1? in MI rats. SNT decreased the expression of ANP levels in plasma and increased the vascular active marker nitric oxide, which limits vascular inflammation. In addition, SNT could decrease the expression of endothelin-1 levels in rat plasma post-MI. Our data suggest that the Chinese herbal formula SNT has the potential to improve cardiac function after MI. SNT may be a candidate for treating MI and its associated inflammatory responses. PMID:24723959

Liu, Jiangang; Peter, Karoline; Shi, Dazhuo; Zhang, Lei; Dong, Guoju; Zhang, Dawu; Breiteneder, Heimo; Bauer, Rudolf; Ma, Yan

2014-01-01

279

Anti-inflammatory effects of the chinese herbal formula sini tang in myocardial infarction rats.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory profiling of the Chinese herbal formula Sini Tang (SNT) in myocardial infarction (MI) rats. SNT, a decoction consisting of four herbs: Aconitum carmichaelii, Cinnamomum cassia, Zingiber officinale, and Glycyrrhiza uralensis, was characterized as a remedy to treat syndromes corresponding to heart failure and MI in China. Potential biomarkers, which reflect the extent of myocardial necrosis and correlate with cardiac outcomes following MI, such as atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor- ? , interleukin-6, and interleukin-1 ? (TNF- ? , IL-6, and IL-1 ? ) were determined in plasma, serum, and in myocardial tissue of MI rats after treatment with SNT. Our data indicate that SNT decreased significantly the levels of hs-CRP, TNF- ? , IL-6, and IL-1 ? in MI rats. SNT decreased the expression of ANP levels in plasma and increased the vascular active marker nitric oxide, which limits vascular inflammation. In addition, SNT could decrease the expression of endothelin-1 levels in rat plasma post-MI. Our data suggest that the Chinese herbal formula SNT has the potential to improve cardiac function after MI. SNT may be a candidate for treating MI and its associated inflammatory responses. PMID:24723959

Liu, Jiangang; Peter, Karoline; Shi, Dazhuo; Zhang, Lei; Dong, Guoju; Zhang, Dawu; Breiteneder, Heimo; Bauer, Rudolf; Jakowitsch, Johannes; Ma, Yan

2014-01-01

280

Effects of Hyeonggaeyeongyo-Tang in Ovalbumin-Induced Allergic Rhinitis Model  

PubMed Central

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an allergic inflammation of the nasal airways. The prevalence of AR is increasing worldwide. We investigated whether Hyeonggaeyeongyo-tang (HYT) is effective to suppress the progression of AR induced by ovalbumin (OVA). Male BALB/c mice were used for this study. Allergic rhinitis was induced by OVA. Treatment with HYT was assessed to study the effect of HYT on allergic rhinitis in mice. Histological analysis, immunohistochemistry, multiplex cytokine assay, blood analysis, and cell viability assay were performed to verify inhibitory effect of HYT on allergic rhinitis. HYT did not show any toxicity maintaining body weight. Food intake was steady without variation in mice. HYT reduced infiltration of inflammatory cells and mast cells into nasal cavity. HYT reduced the levels of cytokines and leukocytes in the blood. HYT decreased the splenocyte cell viability. Antihistamines and steroids are the most common medications used to treat allergic rhinitis. However, long-term use of drug generates resistance or side effects requiring the development of new drug. Our present study clearly demonstrates that HYT suppresses the progression of allergic rhinitis induced by OVA. This suggests that HYT might be a useful drug for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. PMID:25221386

Hong, Se Hyang; Kim, Soon Re; Choi, Han-Seok; Ku, Jin Mo; Seo, Hye Sook; Shin, Yong Cheol; Ko, Seong-Gyu

2014-01-01

281

Inhibitory Effects of Daiokanzoto (Da-Huang-Gan-Cao-Tang) on P-Glycoprotein  

PubMed Central

We have studied the effects of various Kampo medicines on P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a drug transporter, in vitro. The present study focused on Daiokanzoto (Da-Huang-Gan-Cao-Tang), which shows the most potent inhibitory effects on P-gp among the 50 Kampo medicines studied, and investigated the P-gp inhibitory effects of Daiokanzoto herbal ingredients (rhubarb and licorice root) and their components by an ATPase assay using human P-gp membrane. Both rhubarb and licorice root significantly inhibited ATPase activity, and the effects of rhubarb were more potent than those of licorice root. The content of rhubarb in Daiokanzoto is double that in licorice root, and the inhibition patterns of Daiokanzoto and rhubarb involve both competitive and noncompetitive inhibition, suggesting that the inhibitory effects of Daiokanzoto are mainly due to rhubarb. Concerning the components of rhubarb, concentration-dependent inhibitory effects were observed for (?)-catechin gallate, (?)-epicatechin gallate, and (?)-epigallocatechin gallate. In conclusion, rhubarb may cause changes in the drug dispositions of P-gp substrates through the inhibition of P-gp. It appears that attention should be given to the interactions between these drugs and Kampo medicines containing rhubarb as an herbal ingredient. PMID:22969825

Watanabe, Yuka; Ikarashi, Nobutomo; Satoh, Toshiyuki; Ito, Kiyomi; Ochiai, Wataru; Sugiyama, Kiyoshi

2012-01-01

282

ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 11. Applications to Fluids  

E-print Network

ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 11. Applications to Fluids February 23, 2011 Contents 1 Ideal gas model review 1 2 Van der Waals model 2 3 Virial In this lecture, we will discuss fluids beyond the ideal gas limit. This means we need to account for interactions

Cai, Wei

283

Evolution and microstructure of shear bands in nanostructured Fe Q. Wei, D. Jia, K. T. Ramesh, and E. Maa)  

E-print Network

Evolution and microstructure of shear bands in nanostructured Fe Q. Wei, D. Jia, K. T. Ramesh, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 Received 6 March 2002; accepted for publication 25 June 2002 Shear band the shear bands, the origin of the inhomogeneous deformation, and the propensity for shear localization

Wei, Qiuming

284

Composite Social Network for Predicting Mobile Apps Installation Wei Pan and Nadav Aharony and Alex (Sandy) Pentland  

E-print Network

Composite Social Network for Predicting Mobile Apps Installation Wei Pan and Nadav Aharony and Alex of predicting mobile application (known as "apps") installation using social networks and explain its challenge applications (referred as "apps") installation, as the mobile application business is growing rapidly (Elli

285

Globalization, industrial restructuring, and regional development in China Y.H. Dennis Wei a,*, Ingo Liefner b  

E-print Network

Globalization, industrial restructuring, and regional development in China Y.H. Dennis Wei a: Globalization Institutions Industrialization Regional development China a b s t r a c t China's rapid growth. Through a comprehensive review of the literature on globalization, industrial restructuring and regional

Wei, Yehua Dennis

286

Dissociation of Water on a Flat, Ordered Silica Surface Y. D. Kim, T. Wei, J. Stultz, and D. W. Goodman*  

E-print Network

Dissociation of Water on a Flat, Ordered Silica Surface Y. D. Kim, T. Wei, J. Stultz, and D. W (UPS) and metastable impact electron spectroscopy (MIES) results are reported for water adsorption of the detailed mechanism for water dissociation. By use of UPS in combinationwith

Goodman, Wayne

287

CLF-based Tracking Control for UAV Kinematic Models with Saturation Constraints Wei Ren Randal W. Beard  

E-print Network

CLF-based Tracking Control for UAV Kinematic Models with Saturation Constraints Wei Ren Randal W Abstract-- This paper considers the trajectory tracking prob- lem for unmanned air vehicles (UAVs). We assume that the UAV is equipped with an autopilot which reduces the twelve degree-of-freedom (DOF) model

Ren, Wei

288

Efficient Matchings and Mobile Augmented Reality WEI GUAN, SUYA YOU and ULRICH NEUMANN, University of Southern California  

E-print Network

1 Efficient Matchings and Mobile Augmented Reality WEI GUAN, SUYA YOU and ULRICH NEUMANN, University of Southern California With fast growing popularity of smart phones in recent years, augmented reality (AR) on mobile devices is gaining more attention and becomes more demanding than ever before

Shahabi, Cyrus

289

Reducing Queuing Stalls Caused by Data Prefetching Rao Fu, Antonia Zhai, Pen-Chung Yew and Wei-Chung Hsu  

E-print Network

Reducing Queuing Stalls Caused by Data Prefetching Rao Fu, Antonia Zhai, Pen-Chung Yew and Wei of the prefetches generated by the compiler, recent architectures allow the selection of stalling or dropping of stall, queue full stall. Large percentage of queue full stall as high as 50% can be observed for SPEC

Minnesota, University of

290

Mesh-free simulations of shear banding in large deformation Shaofan Li, Wei Hao, Wing Kam Liu *  

E-print Network

Mesh-free simulations of shear banding in large deformation Shaofan Li, Wei Hao, Wing Kam Liu Mesh-free approximation is used in numerical simulations of strain localization under large deformation. An explicit displacement based mesh-free formulation is used in both two-dimensional and three

Li, Shaofan

291

ETRI Journal, Volume 30, Number 3, June 2008 Wei Han et al. 451 Recently, the power consumption of integrated circuits  

E-print Network

(0)1316505592,email:w.han@ed.ac.uk),AhmetT.Erdogan(email: Ahmet.Erdogan@ee.ed.ac.uk), and Tughrul Arslan (email: T High-Performance Low-Power FFT Cores Wei Han, Ahmet T. Erdogan, Tughrul Arslan, and Mohd. Hasan #12

Arslan, Tughrul

292

Junhong Wei and Fuqing Zhang, Pennsylvania State University Mesoscale Gravity Waves in Moist Baroclinic Jet-Front Systems  

E-print Network

Junhong Wei and Fuqing Zhang, Pennsylvania State University Mesoscale Gravity Waves in Moist experiment reproduces the gravity wave modes simulated in Zhang (2004). Under weak convective instability with small amount of moisture, dry dynamic gravity wave modes continue to dominate. However, convective

Thompson, Anne

293

Simulation and Control of a Two-wheeled Self-balancing Robot Wei An and Yangmin Li*, Senior Member, IEEE  

E-print Network

Simulation and Control of a Two-wheeled Self-balancing Robot Wei An¹ and Yangmin Li¹²*, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A two-wheeled self-balancing robot is a special type of wheeled mobile robot, its: Proportional-integral-derivative (PID) and Linear-quadratic regulator (LQR) are implemented to test the system

Li, Yangmin

294

Statistical mechanics of helical wormlike chain model Ya Liu, Toni Prez, Wei Li, J. D. Gunton, and Amanda Green  

E-print Network

Statistical mechanics of helical wormlike chain model Ya Liu, Toni Pérez, Wei Li, J. D. Gunton://jcp.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 134, 065107 (2011) Statistical mechanics of helical wormlike chain) We investigate the statistical mechanics of polymers with bending and torsional elasticity described

Gunton, James D.

295

A Closer Look at Skip-gram Modelling David Guthrie, Ben Allison, Wei Liu, Louise Guthrie, Yorick Wilks  

E-print Network

A Closer Look at Skip-gram Modelling David Guthrie, Ben Allison, Wei Liu, Louise Guthrie, Yorick accurately model all possible strings of words. This paper examines the use of skip-grams (a technique where by n-grams are still stored to model language, but they allow for tokens to be skipped) to overcome

Edinburgh, University of

296

Decentralized Flight Path Planning for Air Traffic Management Wei Zhang, Maryam Kamgarpour, Dengfeng Sun, and Claire J. Tomlin  

E-print Network

for a large-scale air traffic management (ATM) system. The goal is to find the optimal 4D path plan- able, efficient, and safe operation in civil aviation. A substan- tial change in the current ATMDecentralized Flight Path Planning for Air Traffic Management Wei Zhang, Maryam Kamgarpour

Zhang, Wei

297

Effect of Pt film thickness on PtSi formation and film surface morphology Jinghua Yina,*, Wei Caib  

E-print Network

Effect of Pt film thickness on PtSi formation and film surface morphology Jinghua Yina,*, Wei Caib of Technology, P.O. Box 433, Harbin 150001, China Available online 26 November 2004 Abstract The effect of Pt film thickness on the formation of platinum silicide (PtSi) phase, distribution of silicides

Zheng, Yufeng

298

Theory of light refraction at the surface of a photonic crystal Wei Jiang and Ray T. Chen  

E-print Network

Theory of light refraction at the surface of a photonic crystal Wei Jiang and Ray T. Chen February 2005; published 28 June 2005 A rigorous theory is developed for light refraction by a photonic crystal PC with arbitrary lattice-type and surface orientation. First, the refraction of a planar wave

Chen, Ray

299

An Interactive Object Based Multimedia System for IP Networks Magda El Zarki, Liang Cheng, Haining Liu and Xiaoping Wei  

E-print Network

Liu and Xiaoping Wei Dept. of Information and Computer Science UC Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 {magda and video signals, and efficient object-based representation of audio-video scenes [1]. It is expected that MPEG-4 will play an important role in multimedia applications over IP-based networks in the near future

El Zarki, Magda

300

Reaction in NiAl laminates by laser-shock compression and spalling C.T. Wei a,  

E-print Network

Reaction in Ni­Al laminates by laser-shock compression and spalling C.T. Wei a, , B.R. Maddox b , A 2011; accepted 1 May 2011 Available online 12 June 2011 Abstract Reactive Ni/Al laminates (with bilayer dynamic reactions caused by a power- ful laser source. The Ni­Al system was selected because of the high

Meyers, Marc A.

301

Aharonov-Bohm Superperiod in a Laughlin Quasiparticle Interferometer F. E. Camino, Wei Zhou, and V. J. Goldman  

E-print Network

Aharonov-Bohm Superperiod in a Laughlin Quasiparticle Interferometer F. E. Camino, Wei Zhou, and V flux quanta (5h=e) observed in a Laughlin quasiparticle interferometer, where an edge channel of the 1. The superperiod is accordingly understood as imposed by the anyonic statistical interaction of Laughlin

Goldman, Vladimir J.

302

Rapid mixing of Swendsen-Wang dynamics in two dimensions  

E-print Network

We prove comparison results for the Swendsen-Wang (SW) dynamics, the heat-bath (HB) dynamics for the Potts model and the single-bond (SB) dynamics for the random-cluster model on arbitrary graphs. In particular, we prove that rapid mixing of HB implies rapid mixing of SW on graphs with bounded maximum degree and that rapid mixing of SW and rapid mixing of SB are equivalent. Additionally, the spectral gap of SW and SB on planar graphs is bounded from above and from below by the spectral gap of these dynamics on the corresponding dual graph with suitably changed temperature. As a consequence we obtain rapid mixing of the Swendsen-Wang dynamics for the Potts model on the two-dimensional square lattice at all non-critical temperatures as well as rapid mixing for the two-dimensional Ising model at all temperatures. Furthermore, we obtain new results for general graphs at high or low enough temperatures.

Mario Ullrich

2014-05-14

303

In vitro immunomodulatory activity of Bo-yang-hwan-o-tang.  

PubMed

Bo-yang-hwan-o-tang (BHT), an herbal decoction has been mainly used for improvement of blood flow in oriental medicine. Its in vivo immunomodulation was recently demonstrated but the effective mechanisms have not been described. This study was carried out to evaluate in vitro immunomodulatory activity of BHT. Water extract of BHT significantly promoted in vitro proliferative responses of mouse spleen cells (SPC) and also further enhanced the proliferation of SPC stimulated with anti-CD3 antibody. Unexpectedly, addition of BHT extract did not affect proliferation of both resting and CD3-activated T cells, whereas it showed a strong mitogenic activity on B cells. Flow cytometric analysis of CFSE-stained SPC showed that BHT-mediated enhancement of CD3-activated SPC proliferation is due to T cell, but not B cell, division. Mixed culture experiment combining T and mitomycin C-treated B cells demonstrated that BHT-mediated enhancement of CD3-activated T cell proliferation was dependent on the presence of B cells. However, B cell-derived factors were not involved in BHT effect on T cell proliferation. In the presence of B cells, BHT treatment resulted in a great enhancement in IL-2 production of CD3-activated T cells, and BHT effect on T cell proliferation was completely abrogated by addition of exogenous IL-2, indicating that IL-2 plays a critical role in BHT-mediated enhancement of CD3-activated T cell proliferation. Taken together, our data revealed that BHT possesses a potent B cell mitogenic activity and also can enhance activated T cell response through B cell regulation. PMID:15658611

Kim, Young-Hyun; Ha, Jong-Cheon; Do, Jeong-Su; Choi, Youn-Hwa; Choo, Young Kug; Woo, Won-Hong; Yi, Ho Keun; Hwang, Pyung Han; Nam, Sang-Yun

2004-01-01

304

Quantitative assessment of traditional Oriental herbal formulation Samhwangsasim-tang using UPLC technique.  

PubMed

A specific and reliable ultra-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection method has been developed and validated for the quantitative assessment of a traditional Oriental herbal formulation, Samhwangsasim-tang (SST). A Halo reversed-phase amide column (2.7 m, 4.6 150 mm) was used to separate marker compounds; detection was conducted by ultraviolet absorbance at 250 nm. The column temperature was maintained at 45C. A mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile (A) and 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid in water (B) was found to be suitable for the separation, at a flow rate of 1.8 mL/min with gradient elution. Linearity, specificity, precision and recovery were calculated to validate the method and instrumentation. Under the described conditions, all marker compounds (rhaponticin, berberine, palmatine, baicalin, baicalein and wogonin) were collected within 25 min. All calibration curves of components showed good linearity (correlation coefficient > 0.9996). The limit of detection and limit of quantification ranged from 0.08-3.05 and 0.23-8.12 g/mL, respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD) and repeatability values of intra-day and inter-day precision were less than 2.30, 2.99 and 1.82%, respectively. In the recovery test, the accuracy ranged from 97.56-103.30% with RSD values less than 2.63%. The developed method was simple, specific, sensitive, accurate, precise and reproducible for the quantification of the active chemical constituents of SST. The simultaneous analysis of the contents of marker compounds in different SST samples prepared by different extraction procedures and different commercial products was successfully evaluated. PMID:23403059

Poudel, Amrit; Kim, Se-Gun; Lamichhane, Ramakanta; Kim, Yun-Kyung; Jo, Hyung-Kwon; Jung, Hyun-Ju

2014-02-01

305

Undercooling, Rapid Solidification, and Relations to Processing in Low Earth Orbit (A Review of the Works of Bingbo Wei)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is a survey of the published works of Prof. Bingbo Wei of the Department of Applied Physics at Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xian P.R. China. Transformations among solid - liquid - and vapor are fundamental to the foundations of life and culture on Earth. The development and understanding of materials has lead the evolution and advancement of the human race since antiquity. Materials and fluids research is continuing today, with us standing on the shoulders of those that have gone before us. Technological and scientific breakthroughs continue due to studies of greater and greater complexity, that include for example, research done at high pressures, in high magnetic fields, at temperatures near absolute zero, and in the low gravity environment of low Earth orbit. Of particular technological importance is the liquid to solid transformation of metals and alloys. Solidification processing is generally the most important factor in the final properties of objects made of metal; and undercooling is the fundamental driving force for all solidification. The interest and resources dedicated to the study of solidification and undercooling are great and World wide. For many years B. Wei and his coworkers have been studying undercooling and rapid solidification and have amassed a significant body of published research in this important field, contributing to the leading edge of the state-of-the-art. It is the goal of this memorandum to provide a review of the research of B. Wei et al.; publications in Chinese are included in the reference list but are not discussed. The bulk of Wei's work has been in the area of undercooling and rapid solidification [1-11, 13-16, 24-36] with papers dating back to 1989, the same year he earned his Ph.D. Below, discussions of Wei's undercooling and rapid solidification research have been grouped together mostly on the basis of alloy type, such as eutectic, intermetallic, or monotectic.

deGroh, Henry C., III

1999-01-01

306

On complete integrability of the Mikhailov-Novikov-Wang system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present paper we consider a new two-component fifth-order integrable system recently found by Mikhailov, Novikov, and Wang, and show that this system possesses a hereditary recursion operator and infinitely many commuting symmetries and conservation laws, as well as infinitely many compatible Hamiltonian and symplectic structures, and is therefore completely integrable. The system in question admits a reduction to the Kaup-Kupershmidt equation.

Voj?k, Petr

2011-04-01

307

The regulatory action of the modified Yu Ping Feng Tang on cellular immunity in mice under amputation-induced stress.  

PubMed

To approach the action of modified Yu Ping Feng Tang ([symbol: see text] Jade-Screen Decoction) on cellular immunity, an experiment was conducted in mice under amputation-induced stress. On the 3rd day after amputation, acute atrophy was found in the thymus, the reactivities of T- and B-lymphocytes to Con-A and LPS were decreased, the IL-2 content and its activity reduced and the activity of NK cells lowered. The high, moderate and low concentrations of the modified Yu Ping Feng (YPF) Decoction all have antagonistic action on the above manifestations of immune inhibition. PMID:11263289

Chen, X; Yang, L; Zeng, G; Shen, G

2000-12-01

308

This manuscript downloaded from www.microgrids.et.aau.dk is the preprint of the final paper: L. Meng, F. Tang, M. Savaghebi, J. C. Vasquez, and J. M. Guerrero, "Tertiary control of voltage unbalance compensation for optimal power quality in  

E-print Network

. Meng, F. Tang, M. Savaghebi, J. C. Vasquez, and J. M. Guerrero, "Tertiary control of voltage unbalance@et.aau.dk). Fen Tang is with School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University (e-mail: ftang_nego@126 Power Quality in Islanded Microgrids Lexuan Meng, Fen Tang, Mehdi Savaghebi, Juan C. Vasquez, Josep M

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

309

Electric Potential Metrology on the Nanoscale K. Burson, Y. Wei, W. G. Cullen, M. S. Fuhrer and J. E. Reutt-Robey  

E-print Network

Electric Potential Metrology on the Nanoscale K. Burson, Y. Wei, W. G. Cullen, M. S. Fuhrer and J to the local potential ("electric potential metrology") enable nanomaterial design for more efficient use

Thirumalai, Devarajan

310

OH-APS-AAPT Columbus, OH Oct 18-19, 2002 Zi-wei Lin Ordering of Elliptic Flow at High Pt  

E-print Network

OH-APS-AAPT Columbus, OH Oct 18-19, 2002 Zi-wei Lin Ordering of Elliptic Flow at High Pt coalescence factor quark distributions Multipliticy: Pt distributions: #12;OH-APS-AAPT Columbus, OH Oct 18-19, 2002 Zi-wei Lin 1/Ptn e Consider a formation of high Pt meson from a) a leading q and a very soft qbar

Lin, Zi-wei

311

Electronic Communications of the EASST Volume 63 (2014)  

E-print Network

-- Wei Wang and Michael W. Godfrey 6 pages Guest Editors: Nils G¨ode, Yoshiki Higo, Rainer Koschke://www.easst.org/eceasst/ ISSN 1863-2122 #12;ECEASST Investigating Intentional Clone Refactoring Wei Wang and Michael W. Godfrey1

Godfrey, Michael W.

312

Chemical and biological assessment of angelica roots from different cultivated regions in a chinese herbal decoction danggui buxue tang.  

PubMed

Roots of Angelica sinensis (Danggui) have been used in promoting blood circulation as herbal medicine for over 2000 years in China. Another species of Angelica roots called A. gigas is being used in Korea. To reveal the efficiency of different Angelica roots, the chemical and biological properties of Angelica roots from different cultivated regions were compared. Roots of A. sinensis contained higher levels of ferulic acid, Z-ligustilide, and senkyunolide A, while high amounts of butylphthalide and Z-butylenephthalide were found in A. gigas roots. The extracts deriving from A. gigas roots showed better effects in osteogenic and estrogenic properties than that of A. sinensis from China. However, this difference was markedly reduced when the Angelica roots were being prepared in a Chinese herbal decoction together with Astragali Radix as Danggui Buxue Tang. In contrast, the herbal decoction prepared from A. sinensis roots showed better responses in cell cultures. In addition, the extracts of A. gigas roots showed strong cell toxicity both as single herb and as Danggui Buxue Tang. This result revealed the distinct properties of Angelica roots from China and Korea suggesting the specific usage of herb in preparing a unique herbal decoction. PMID:23476692

Zhang, Wendy L; Zheng, Ken Y Z; Zhu, Kevin Y; Zhan, Janis Y X; Bi, Cathy W C; Chen, J P; Dong, Tina T X; Choi, Roy C Y; Lau, David T W; Tsim, Karl W K

2013-01-01

313

Chemical and Biological Assessment of Angelica Roots from Different Cultivated Regions in a Chinese Herbal Decoction Danggui Buxue Tang  

PubMed Central

Roots of Angelica sinensis (Danggui) have been used in promoting blood circulation as herbal medicine for over 2000 years in China. Another species of Angelica roots called A. gigas is being used in Korea. To reveal the efficiency of different Angelica roots, the chemical and biological properties of Angelica roots from different cultivated regions were compared. Roots of A. sinensis contained higher levels of ferulic acid, Z-ligustilide, and senkyunolide A, while high amounts of butylphthalide and Z-butylenephthalide were found in A. gigas roots. The extracts deriving from A. gigas roots showed better effects in osteogenic and estrogenic properties than that of A. sinensis from China. However, this difference was markedly reduced when the Angelica roots were being prepared in a Chinese herbal decoction together with Astragali Radix as Danggui Buxue Tang. In contrast, the herbal decoction prepared from A. sinensis roots showed better responses in cell cultures. In addition, the extracts of A. gigas roots showed strong cell toxicity both as single herb and as Danggui Buxue Tang. This result revealed the distinct properties of Angelica roots from China and Korea suggesting the specific usage of herb in preparing a unique herbal decoction. PMID:23476692

Zhang, Wendy L.; Zheng, Ken Y. Z.; Zhu, Kevin Y.; Zhan, Janis Y. X.; Bi, Cathy W. C.; Chen, J. P.; Dong, Tina T. X.; Choi, Roy C. Y.; Lau, David T. W.; Tsim, Karl W. K.

2013-01-01

314

Anti-allergic effect of a Korean traditional medicine, Biyeom-Tang on mast cells and allergic rhinitis  

PubMed Central

Background Biyeom-Tang, a medicine prescribed by oriental clinics, has been used for the treatment of the allergic rhinitis (AR). In the present study, an ethanol extract of Biyeom-Tang (EBT) was investigated for anti-allergic properties on bone-marrow derived mast cells (BMMC) and in vivo models. Methods The anti-allergic properties of EBT were evaluated by measuring ?-Hex release and the production of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) and leukotriene C4 (LTC4) on BMMC in vitro and PCA and OVA-induced AR models in vivo. Results EBT strongly inhibited a degranulation reaction in a dose dependent manner with an IC50 value of 35.6 ?g/ml. In addition, the generation of PGD2 and LTC4 was inhibited in BMMC in a concentration-dependent manner with IC50 values of 7.0 ?g/ml and 10.9 ?g/ml, respectively. When administrated orally, EBT ameliorated the mast cell-mediated PCA reaction. In the OVA-induced AR model, the increased levels of IgE were reduced by EBT. The levels of cytokines, such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, and IL-13 decreased in the splenocytes of EBT-treated mice. The histological analysis shows that the infiltration of inflammatory cells increased by OVA-sensitization was also reduced. Conclusions Taken together, these results suggested that EBT has anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo models. PMID:24521096

2014-01-01

315

Wang et al.: Mites and Nematodes Associated with Termites 499 MITES AND NEMATODES ASSOCIATED WITH THREE  

E-print Network

Wang et al.: Mites and Nematodes Associated with Termites 499 MITES AND NEMATODES ASSOCIATED WITH THREE SUBTERRANEAN TERMITE SPECIES (ISOPTERA: RHINOTERMITIDAE) CHANGLU WANG1,3 , JANINE E. POWELL1,4 AND BARRY M. O'CONNOR2 1 Formosan Subterranean Termite Research Unit, USDA-ARS, Stoneville, MS 38776 2

Wang, Changlu

316

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Weicen Wang  

E-print Network

­ the UBC LCA Project ­ which aims to support the development of the field of life cycle assessment (LCA at rob.sianchuk@gmail.com #12;Weicen Wang LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT - Wesbrook Building CIVL 498C November 18UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Weicen Wang LIFE CYCLE

317

Atomic Layer Deposition of Lanthanum-Based Ternary Oxides Hongtao Wang,a  

E-print Network

Atomic Layer Deposition of Lanthanum-Based Ternary Oxides Hongtao Wang,a Jun-Jieh Wang,b Roy Gordon 02138, USA c Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials, North Andover, Massachusetts 01845, USA LanthanumV , and low leakage.3 Recent reports show that lanthanum-based ternary ox- ides, such as lanthanum scandate La

318

Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays  

E-print Network

Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays Danyi Wang (Ph. This paper describes an analysis of the trends in passenger trip time for 2004 and 2005. The analysis proven to be a significant factor in the service-profit chain that drives airline profitability

319

Phonology and Reading: A Response to Wang, Trezek, Luckner, and Paul  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four critical responses to an article, "The Role of Phonology and Phonologically Related Skills in Reading Instruction for Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing" (Wang, Trezek, Luckner, & Paul, 2008), are presented. Issue is taken with the conclusions of the article by Wang and colleagues regarding the "necessary" condition of phonological

Allen, Thomas E.; Clark, M. Diane; del Giudice, Alex; Koo, Daniel; Lieberman, Amy; Mayberry, Rachel; Millerd, Paul

2009-01-01

320

Sets of uniqueness of the power of the continuum J. Marshall Ash and Gang Wang  

E-print Network

Sets of uniqueness of the power of the continuum J. Marshall Ash and Gang Wang Abstract. By means of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, DePaul University. 1 #12;2 J. MARSHALL ASH AND GANG WANG Definition

Ash, J. Marshall

321

Reliability as an Interdomain Service Hao Wang Yang Richard Yang Paul H. Liu  

E-print Network

. Recognizing the importance of Internet reliability, the GENI initiative [16] states that "any future InternetReliability as an Interdomain Service Hao Wang Yang Richard Yang Paul H. Liu Jia Wang Alexandre Gerber Albert Greenberg§ AT&T Labs ­ Research Microsoft Research§ Yale University ABSTRACT Reliability

322

Audio-visual Convolutive Blind Source Separation Qingju Liu, Wenwu Wang, Philip Jackson  

E-print Network

Audio-visual Convolutive Blind Source Separation Qingju Liu, Wenwu Wang, Philip Jackson Centre.Liu,W.Wang,P.Jackson}@surrey.ac.uk Abstract--We present a novel method for speech separation from their audio mixtures using the audio to characterise statistically the audio- visual coherence with features obtained from the training set

Jackson, Philip JB

323

Structural Topic Model for Latent Topical Structure Analysis Hongning Wang, Duo Zhang, ChengXiang Zhai  

E-print Network

Structural Topic Model for Latent Topical Structure Analysis Hongning Wang, Duo Zhang, Cheng {wang296, dzhang22, czhai}@cs.uiuc.edu Abstract Topic models have been successfully applied to many document analysis tasks to discover topics embedded in text. However, existing topic models generally

Zhai, ChengXiang

324

Dynamics analysis of fractional order Yu-Wang system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fractional order version of a dynamical system introduced by Yu and Wang (Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, 2, (2012) 209-215) is discussed in this article. The basic dynamical properties of the system are studied. Minimum effective dimension 0.942329 for the existence of chaos in the proposed system is obtained using the analytical result. For chaos detection, we have calculated maximum Lyapunov exponents for various values of fractional order. Feedback control method is then used to control chaos in the system. Further, the system is synchronized with itself and with fractional order financial system using active control technique. Modified Adams-Bashforth-Moulton algorithm is used for numerical simulations.

Bhalekar, Sachin

2013-10-01

325

Convergence for the Wang-Landau Density of States  

SciTech Connect

The Wang-Landau method of estimating the density of states, g (E), has become a powerful tool in statistical mechanics. Here it is shown that the distribution of random walkers sampled using an estimated density of states can always be used to improve the estimate. Specifically, this can be done without resorting to an auxiliary modification factor, f, which previously has been been used to find g (E) self consistently through a procedure that reduces f incrementally towards unity. The new, straight-forward approach is validated for multiple, independent random walkers.

Brown, Greg [ORNL; Odbadrakh, Khorgolkhuu [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Eisenbach, Markus [ORNL

2011-01-01

326

Identification and comparative quantification of bio-active phthalides in essential oils from si-wu-tang, fo-shou-san, radix angelica and rhizoma chuanxiong.  

PubMed

Phthalides are important bio-active constituents in Si-Wu-Tang and Fo-Shou-San, two commonly used Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) combined prescriptions mainly derived from Radix Angelica and Rhizoma Chuanxiong. In this paper, the contents of eight phthalides, including Z-ligustilide, E-ligustilide, Z-butylenephthalide, E-butylene-phthalide, 3-butylphthalide, neocnidilide and senkyunolide A were determined or estimated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results showed GC-MS was a simple, rapid, and high sensitive method for analyzing phthalides in Si-Wu-Tang, Fo-Shou-San, Radix Angelica and Rhizoma Chuanxiong, and the extractable contents of each phthalides including Z-ligustilide, E-ligustilide, Z-butylenephthalide, etc. varied after Radix Angelica, Rhizoma Chuanxiong were combined into a formulation, such as Si-Wu-Tang and Fo-Shou-San. Furthermore, inhibition activity of essential oils from Si-Wu-Tang, Fo-Shou-San, Radix Angelica and Rhizoma Chuanxiong on uterine contraction was tested in an in vitro assay, and the results showed that the activity of the essential oil is higher as the content of the phthalides increase, which demonstrated that phthalides are possibly main active components inhibiting mice uterine contraction in vitro. All of the results suggested that comparative analysis of chemical components and pharmacological activities of each herb and formula is possibly helpful to elucidate the active components in traditional Chinese medicine, and to reveal the compatibility mechanism of TCM formulae. PMID:20110895

Tang, Yuping; Zhu, Min; Yu, Sheng; Hua, Yongqing; Duan, Jin-Ao; Su, Shulan; Zhang, Xu; Lu, Yin; Ding, Anwei

2010-01-01

327

Nitrate Anions and Ion Pairing at the Air-Aqueous Interface Man Xu, Cheng Y. Tang, Aaron M. Jubb, Xiangke Chen, and Heather C. Allen*  

E-print Network

Nitrate Anions and Ion Pairing at the Air-Aqueous Interface Man Xu, Cheng Y. Tang, Aaron M. Jubb, Columbus, Ohio 43210 ReceiVed: June 18, 2008; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed: October 31, 2008 Nitrate ions in a variety of atmospheric reactions. Thus, a fundamental understanding of nitrate ions at the air

328

Oral Administration of Ren-Shen-Yang-Rong-Tang Ninjinyoeito Protects Against Hematotoxicity and Induces Immature Erythroid Progenitor Cells in 5-Fluorouracil-induced Anemia  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of four different Japanese and Chinese herbal prescriptions, Ren-Shen-Yang-Rong-Tang (Ninjinyoeito, NYT), Chai-Hu-Gui-Zhi-Gan-Jiang-Tang (Saikokeishikankyoto, SKKT), Si-Jun-Zi-Tang (Shikunshito, SKT) and Si-Wu-Tang (Shimotsuto, SMT), which are traditionally used for anemia and fatigue, against hematotoxicity in mice treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). NYT 1100 mg kg1 day1 injected orally for 7 consecutive days before and after 5-FU injection significantly suppressed reductions in red blood cell, white blood cell and platelet counts in peripheral blood, and accelerated their recovery. Administration of SKKT also produced a slight but significant improvement in 5-FU-induced erythrocytopenia, whereas SMT and SKT could not prevent anemia. Oral injection of NYT also inhibited 5-FU-induced decreases in peripheral reticulocyte and bone marrow cell counts on day 10, and markedly hastened their recovery on day 20, in a dose-dependent manner. Erythroid progenitor colonies, such as colony forming units-erythroid and burst forming units-erythroid, formed by marrow cells from mice treated with 5-FU were significantly increased by oral administration of NYT. These findings suggest that NYT has the potential to protect against hematotoxicity, and also has hematopoietic activity, through stimulation of immature erythroid progenitor cell differentiation. PMID:18955264

Ohta, Yasuyuki; Tanaka, Tomoaki; Sasaki, Kenroh; Kobayashi, Kyoko; Takahashi, Tomoya; Yahagi, Nobuo; Yoshizaki, Fumihiko; Fushiya, Shinji; Ohta, Tomihisa

2009-01-01

329

A study on the thermal conductivity of compacted bentonites Anh-Minh TANG, Yu-Jun CUI, Trung-Tinh LE  

E-print Network

1 A study on the thermal conductivity of compacted bentonites Anh-Minh TANG, Yu-Jun CUI, Trung-sur-Marne, 77455 Marne La Vallée CEDEX 2, France. Abstract Thermal conductivity of compacted bentonite is one method was used to measure the thermal conductivity of compacted bentonite specimens. The experimental

Boyer, Edmond

330

An AirSea Coupled Skeleton Model for the MaddenJulian Oscillation* FEI LIU AND BIN WANG  

E-print Network

(Knutson and Weickmann 1987; Wang and Rui 1990a; Hendon and Salby 1994; Maloney and Hartmann 1998; Kiladis the equatorial Indian Ocean and the western Pacific (Rui and Wang 1990; Hendon and Salby 1994). In addi- tion Pacific while decaying over the eastern Pacific and the Maritime Continent (Wang and Rui 1990a

Wang, Bin

331

Mutagenicity, carcinogenicity, and human cancer risk from indoor exposure to coal and wood combustion in xuan wei, china  

SciTech Connect

The residents in Xuan Wei County, China, have been exposed to high levels of combustion emissions from smoky and smokeless coal and wood combustion under unvented conditions in homes. An unusually high lung cancer mortality rate that can not be attributed to tobacco smoke or occupational exposure was found. The communes using smoky coal, which emits more organics than smokeless coal, generally have a higher lung cancer rate than the communes using smokeless coal or wood. The mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of organic extracts of indoor air particles collected from Xuan Wei homes during cooking were investigated. The objectives of the study were (1) to investigate the characteristics of lung cancer mortality in Xuan Wei, (2) to determine the genotoxicity and chemical and physical properties of the combustion emissions, and (3) to link bioassay results to human lung cancer data. The organic extracts of these emission particles were tested for mutagenicity in the Ames Salmonella and the L5178Y TK+/- mouse lymphoma assays and for skin tumor-initiating activity and complete carcinogenicity in SENCAR mice. The two coal samples showed higher activity in both mutagenicity and tumor initiation. When the emission rate of organics was taken into consideration, the smoky coal emission showed the highest potency of the three fuels. The smoky coal sample was also a more potent complete carcinogen than the wood sample. Higher mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of the smoky coal emission compared to wood or smokeless coal emissions are in agreement with the epidemiological data.

Mumford, J.L.; Chapman, R.S.; Nesnow, S.; Helmes, C.T.; Li, X.

1990-01-01

332

The Application of Survey in ER Wang Temple Restituting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Er Wang Temple, in World Heritage Site "Dujiang Weirs and Qingchengshan Mountai", was severely destroyed in Wenchuan earthquake of May 2008. There are several problems at different level in every building, such as structural distortion, foundation displacement, wall fracture, roof damage, etc. The stage was completely collapsed in the earthquake. Tableland the stage situated had a huge crack and slope collapse. This article is for the stage renovation. The survey of damage in earthquake is the basis of Er Wang Temple restituting. Survey including field survey after the earthquake and the measurement and investigation for the remained construction member of the main wood structure. For field survey, the basis of pillars which had not have significantly affects in earthquake could be seem as the reference points for measurement. The investigation of remained main wood construction member, especially the size of the key structures and site and manufacture method of the joints, is the important basis for recovery stage. Our team did our utmost to restore the original appearance of stage in design, materials and craft by various tools, which include measured drawings in different times, old images collection, fine measuring by 3D laser scan, measurement of leftover pieces, logical inference.

Shuai, W.; Rong, Z.

2013-07-01

333

Heavy metal pollution and health risk assessment in the Wei River in China.  

PubMed

From data collected monthly at 26 monitoring cross sections in the Wei River in the Shaanxi Region of China during the period 2008-2012, the temporal pollution characteristics of heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Cr(VI), Pb, and As) were analyzed based on a heavy metal pollution index (HPI). The monthly HPI values of the five heavy metals in the river fluctuated greatly in 2008 and then declined gradually with time. This general trend of reduction in HPI appears not to have a seasonal variation and most likely resulted from the continued improvement in heavy metal pollution control strategies implemented by local environmental agencies combined with a significant improvement in wastewater treatment capacities. Among the five heavy metals, Cd and Pb were below 0.1 and 3?gL(-1), respectively, at all the sampling points in the studied areas in the year 2012. The detection rates of As, Hg, and Cr(VI) were in the order of Hg?>?Cr(VI)?>?As. Hg, Cr(VI), and As exceeded, in a month of the dry season in 2012, the standard limits for category III surface waters according to the China Environment Quality Standards for Surface Water (CEQSSW). Based on the assessment using the HPI method, the pollution status of these heavy metals in water of the Wei River in the Shaanxi Region was generally at an acceptable level, but exhibited distinctive characteristics between the main stream river and tributaries. Most of the tributaries were more seriously polluted than the main river. A health risk assessment was conducted based on the Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) method recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Apart from As, the health risk for the five heavy metals in the region were at acceptable levels for drinking water sources (hazard quotient (HQ)?

Yang, Xuefu; Duan, Jinming; Wang, Lei; Li, Wei; Guan, Jianling; Beecham, Simon; Mulcahy, Dennis

2015-03-01

334

Applications of the Wei-Lachin Multivariate One-Sided Test for Multiple Outcomes on Possibly Different Scales  

PubMed Central

Many studies aim to assess whether a therapy has a beneficial effect on multiple outcomes simultaneously relative to a control. Often the joint null hypothesis of no difference for the set of outcomes is tested using separate tests with a correction for multiple tests, or using a multivariate T2-like MANOVA or global test. However, a more powerful test in this case is a multivariate one-sided or one-directional test directed at detecting a simultaneous beneficial treatment effect on each outcome, though not necessarily of the same magnitude. The Wei-Lachin test is a simple 1 df test obtained from a simple sum of the component statistics that was originally described in the context of a multivariate rank analysis. Under mild conditions this test provides a maximin efficient test of the null hypothesis of no difference between treatment groups for all outcomes versus the alternative hypothesis that the experimental treatment is better than control for some or all of the component outcomes, and not worse for any. Herein applications are described to a simultaneous test for multiple differences in means, proportions or life-times, and combinations thereof, all on potentially different scales. The evaluation of sample size and power for such analyses is also described. For a test of means of two outcomes with a common unit variance and correlation 0.5, the sample size needed to provide 90% power for two separate one-sided tests at the 0.025 level is 64% greater than that needed for the single Wei-Lachin multivariate one-directional test at the 0.05 level. Thus, a Wei-Lachin test with these operating characteristics is 39% more efficient than two separate tests. Likewise, compared to a T2-like omnibus test on 2 df, the Wei-Lachin test is 32% more efficient. An example is provided in which the Wei-Lachin test of multiple components has superior power to a test of a composite outcome. PMID:25329662

Lachin, John M.

2014-01-01

335

Effects of Keishi-ka-shakuyaku-to (Gui-Zhi-Jia-Shao-Yao-Tang) on diarrhea and small intestinal movement.  

PubMed

The present study was conducted to determine the characteristics of the effects of Keishi-ka-shakuyaku-to (Gui-Zhi-Jia-Shao-Yao-Tang; TJ-60) on diarrhea. Significant repression was noted by TJ-60 at 1000 mg/kg, p.o. for diarrhea induced by pilocarpine, barium chloride or castor oil. Under normal conditions, TJ-60 did not influence small intestinal transit by its oral treatment even at 1000 mg/kg, however, it dose-dependently improved the acceleration of such transit caused by neostigmine. TJ-60 did not influence the resting tonus in isolated small intestine, but did selectively inhibit low frequency electrostimulated contractions. These results indicate that the antidiarrheal effects of TJ-60 may be due to the inhibition of excessively accelerated small intestinal movement, and that the inhibition of acetylcholine release by parasympathetic nerves is partly involved in the mechanism of this antidiarrheal action. PMID:9989669

Saitoh, K; Kase, Y; Ishige, A; Komatsu, Y; Sasaki, H; Shibahara, N

1999-01-01

336

Effects of traditional Chinese herbal medicine San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang on gastrointestinal motility in mice  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the effects of San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang (SHXXT), a herbal product used in traditional Chinese medicine, on gastrointestinal (GI) motility in mice. METHODS: The in vivo effects of SHXXT on GI motility were investigated by measuring the intestinal transit rates (ITRs) using Evans blue in normal mice and in mice with experimentally induced GI motility dysfunction (GMD). RESULTS: In normal ICR mice, ITRs were significantly and dose-dependently increased by SHXXT (0.1-1 g/kg). GMD was induced by injecting acetic acid or streptozotocin intraperitoneally. The ITRs of GMD mice were significantly reduced compared to normal mice, and these reductions were significantly and dose-dependently inhibited by SHXXT (0.1-1 g/kg). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that SHXXT is a novel candidate for the development of a prokinetic agent that may prevent or alleviate GMD. PMID:25632184

Hwang, Min Woo; Ahn, Tae Seok; Hong, Noo Ri; Jeong, Han-Sol; Jung, Myeong Ho; Ha, Ki-Tae; Kim, Byung Joo

2015-01-01

337

Shape Variation in Aterian Tanged Tools and the Origins of Projectile Technology: A Morphometric Perspective on Stone Tool Function  

PubMed Central

Background Recent findings suggest that the North African Middle Stone Age technocomplex known as the Aterian is both much older than previously assumed, and certainly associated with fossils exhibiting anatomically modern human morphology and behavior. The Aterian is defined by the presence of tanged or stemmed tools, which have been widely assumed to be among the earliest projectile weapon tips. The present study systematically investigates morphological variation in a large sample of Aterian tools to test the hypothesis that these tools were hafted and/or used as projectile weapons. Methodology/Principal Findings Both classical morphometrics and Elliptical Fourier Analysis of tool outlines are used to show that the shape variation in the sample exhibits size-dependent patterns consistent with a reduction of the tools from the tip down, with the tang remaining intact. Additionally, the process of reduction led to increasing side-to-side asymmetries as the tools got smaller. Finally, a comparison of shape-change trajectories between Aterian tools and Late Paleolithic arrowheads from the North German site of Stellmoor reveal significant differences in terms of the amount and location of the variation. Conclusions/Significance The patterns of size-dependent shape variation strongly support the functional hypothesis of Aterian tools as hafted knives or scrapers with alternating active edges, rather than as weapon tips. Nevertheless, the same morphological patterns are interpreted as one of the earliest evidences for a hafting modification, and for the successful combination of different raw materials (haft and stone tip) into one implement, in itself an important achievement in the evolution of hominin technologies. PMID:22216161

Iovita, Radu

2011-01-01

338

Banha-sasim-tang as an herbal formula for the treatment of functional dyspepsia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-center trial  

PubMed Central

Background Functional dyspepsia (FD) is characterized by a high prevalence rate and no standard conventional treatments. Alternative therapies, such as herbal formulas, are widely used to treat FD. However, there are inadequate evidences regarding the safety and efficacy of these formulas. Moreover, the mechanisms by which herbal formulas act in the gastrointestinal tract are controversial. In traditional Korean medicine, Banha-sasim-tang has long been one of the most frequently prescribed herbal formulas for treating dyspepsia. The current study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Banha-sasim-tang for FD patients and to examine whether there will be a significant correlation between cutaneous electrogastrography recordings and dyspeptic symptoms in FD patients, and between changes in gastric myoelectrical activity and improvement in dyspeptic symptoms during Banha-sasim-tang administration. Methods This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial will be performed at two centers and will include a Banha-sasim-tang group and placebo group. Each group will consist of 50 FD patients. Six weeks of administration of Banha-sasim-tang or placebo will be conducted. During the subsequent 2 months, follow-up observations of primary and secondary outcomes will be performed. The primary outcomes are differences as measured on the gastrointestinal symptom scale, and the secondary outcomes are differences as measured on the visual analogue scale for dyspepsia and on the questionnaire for FD-related quality of life. All outcomes will be measured at baseline, at 2, 4, and 6 weeks of treatment, and at the 1 and 2 month follow-up. Cutaneous electrogastrography will be performed and assessed at baseline and at 6 weeks. Discussion This trial will provide evidence of the safety and efficacy of Banha-sasim-tang for the treatment for FD. Furthermore, based on the assessment of the relationship between cutaneous electrogastrography recordings and dyspeptic symptoms in this trial, the possibility of clinical applications of cutaneous electrogastrography in the treatment of FD will be elucidated. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials (ISRCTN 51910678); Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT00987805 PMID:20670451

2010-01-01

339

Scalable replica-exchange framework for Wang Landau sampling  

SciTech Connect

We investigate a generic, parallel replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations based on the Wang Landau method. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for massively parallel simulations of complex systems, we apply it to lattice spin models, the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions, and the adsorption of molecules on surfaces. While of general, current interest, the latter phenomena are challenging to study computationally because of multiple structural transitions occurring over a broad temperature range. We show how the parallel framework facilitates simulations of such processes and, without any loss of accuracy or precision, gives a significant speedup and allows for the study of much larger systems and much wider temperature ranges than possible with single-walker methods.

Vogel, Thomas [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

2014-01-01

340

Lihong V. Wang, Ph.D. URL: HTTP://OILAB.SEAS.WUSTL.EDU  

E-print Network

. Professor Wang is a Fellow of the AIMBE (American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering), OSA (Optical Society of America), IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), and SPIE (Society

341

A Simple Model for Cloud Radiative Properties 1 Weijie Wang and Jun Liu 3  

E-print Network

are largely composed of liquid water or ice. The microphysical properties 11 radiative properties of droplets with different effective radius and liquid water path 1 A Simple Model for Cloud Radiative Properties 1 2 Weijie Wang

Russell, Lynn

342

How Do Outer Spiral Rainbands Affect Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity?* YUQING WANG  

E-print Network

How Do Outer Spiral Rainbands Affect Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity?* YUQING WANG and intensity of tropical cyclones is studied through a series of numerical experiments using the cloud-resolving tropical cyclone model TCM4. Becausediabaticheatingdueto phasechangesis the maindrivingforce

Wang, Yuqing

343

Structural controlled magnetic anisotropy in Heusler L10-MnGa epitaxial Kangkang Wang,1  

E-print Network

- netic anisotropy in thin epitaxial MnGa films. This Heusler alloy has drawn lots of attention recentlyStructural controlled magnetic anisotropy in Heusler L10-MnGa epitaxial thin films Kangkang Wang,1

344

Wang-Landau and Stochastic Approximation Monte Carlo for Semi-flexible Polymer Chains  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a comparison of the performance, relative strengths and relative weaknesses of standard Wang-Landau Monte Carlo simulations and Stochastic Approximation Monte Carlo simulations applied to semi-flexible single polymer chains.

Werlich, B.; Taylor, M. P.; Paul, W.

345

A new paradigm for petascale Monte Carlo simulation: Replica exchange Wang-Landau sampling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce a generic, parallel Wang-Landau method that is naturally suited to implementation on massively parallel, petaflop supercomputers. The approach introduces a replica-exchange framework in which densities of states for overlapping sub-windows in energy space are determined iteratively by traditional Wang-Landau sampling. The advantages and general applicability of the method are demonstrated for several distinct systems that possess discrete or continuous degrees of freedom, including those with complex free energy landscapes and topological constraints.

Li, Ying Wai; Vogel, Thomas; Wst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

2014-05-01

346

A new paradigm for petascale Monte Carlo simulation: Replica exchange Wang-Landau sampling  

E-print Network

We introduce a generic, parallel Wang-Landau method that is naturally suited to implementation on massively parallel, petaflop supercomputers. The approach introduces a replica-exchange framework in which densities of states for overlapping sub-windows in energy space are determined iteratively by traditional Wang-Landau sampling. The advantages and general applicability of the method are demonstrated for several distinct systems that possess discrete or continuous degrees of freedom, including those with complex free energy landscapes and topological constraints.

Ying Wai Li; Thomas Vogel; Thomas Wst; David P. Landau

2014-02-10

347

Optimality of Wang-Landau Sampling and Performance Limitations of Flat Histogram Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

We determine the optimal scaling of local-update flat-histogram methods (such as multicanonical, broad histograms, tempering, or Wang-Landau sampling) with system size by using a perfect flat-histogram scheme based on the exact density of states of 2D Ising models. We find that the Wang-Landau algorithm shows the same scaling as the perfect scheme and is thus optimal. However, even for the

S. Trebst; P. Dayal; S. Wessel; D. Wrtz; M. Troyer; S. Sabhapandit; S. Coppersmith

2003-01-01

348

Study of CoCrPt/NiAl thin films on (001) MgO single crystals L. Tang, L.-L. Lee, D. E. Laughlin,a)  

E-print Network

Study of CoCrPt/NiAl thin films on (001) MgO single crystals L. Tang, L.-L. Lee, D. E. Laughlin-plane magnetic properties of Co72Cr10Pt18 /NiAl thin films sputter deposited on 001 single crystal MgO substrates have been investigated. The orientation relationship between the NiAl underlayer and the MgO substrate

Laughlin, David E.

349

Total Flavonoids Extracted from Xiaobuxin-Tang on the Hyperactivity of Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in Chronically Stressed Rats  

PubMed Central

Our previous studies have demonstrated that the total flavonoids (XBXT-2) isolated from the extract of Xiaobuxin-Tang (XBXT), a traditional Chinese herbal decoction, ameliorated behavioral alterations and hippocampal dysfunctions in chronically stressed rats. Studies over the last decades have suggested that the hyperactivity of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is one of the most consistent findings in stress-related depression. Herein, we used the same chronic mild stress model of rats as before to further investigate the effect of XBXT-2 on the hyperactivity of HPA axis, including the stress hormones levels and glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) expression. Our ELISA results showed that chronic administration of XBXT-2 (25, 50?mg?kg?1, p.o., 28 days, the effective doses for behavioral responses) significantly decreased serum corticosterone level and its upstream stress hormone adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) level in chronically stressed rats. Furthermore, western blotting result demonstrated XBXT-2 treatment ameliorated stress-induced decrease of GRs expression in hippocampus, an important target involved in the hyperactivity of HPA axis. These results were similar to that of classic antidepressant imipramine treatment (10?mg?kg?1, p.o.). In conclusion, the modulation of HPA axis produced by XBXT-2, including the inhibition of stress hormones levels and up-regulation of hippocampal GRs expression, may be an important mechanism underlying its antidepressant-like effect in chronically stressed rats. PMID:20028718

An, Lei; Zhang, You-Zhi; Liu, Xin-Min; Yu, Neng-Jiang; Chen, Hong-Xia; Zhao, Nan; Yuan, Li; Li, Yun-Feng

2011-01-01

350

Protective Effects of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang against Polymicrobial Sepsis Induced by Cecal Ligation and Puncture in Rats.  

PubMed

Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT) is a traditional formula that has long been used for treatment of inflammatory diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine. In this study, we examined its protective effect against sepsis in an experimental septic model induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in rats. The results demonstrated that prophylactic administration of HLJDT protected rats from CLP-induced lethality and ameliorated CLP-induced liver and lung injury. HLJDT treatment suppressed the production of proinflammatory cytokines, including TNF-?, IL-1, IL-6, and IL-17A, indicating HLJDT could limit excessive inflammatory responses in septic condition. In addition, HLJDT facilitated bacterial clearance by increasing phagocytic activities of peritoneal macrophages. Furthermore, HLJDT treatment reversed CLP-induced suppression of IFN-? expression and blocked CLP-induced increase in IL-4 expression in spleens of rats at 24 h after CLP, indicating that HLJDT could reverse the shift from Th1 to Th2 response and promote Th1/Th2 balance toward Th1 predominance in septic rats. Moreover, HLJDT also inhibited the expression of IL-17A and ROR-?t in spleens of septic rats, indicating HLJDT is able to inhibit Th17 activation in septic condition. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated the protective effects of HLJDT against sepsis and highlighted the potential of HLJDT as a medication for septic patients. PMID:24363773

Wei, Yufen; Shan, Lei; Qiao, Liming; Liu, Runhui; Hu, Zhenlin; Zhang, Weidong

2013-01-01

351

San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang extract suppresses hepatitis C virus replication and virus-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression.  

PubMed

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with chronic inflammation of liver, which leads to the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Because of severe side effects and only a 50-70% cure rate in genotype 1 HCV-infected patients upon current standard treatment with pegylated interferon-? plus ribavirin, new therapeutic regimens are still needed. San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang (SHXT) is a transitional Chinese herbal formula, composed of Rhei rhizoma, Scutellaria radix and Coptidis rhizome, and possesses anti-inflammatory effect. Here, we describe a (+)-catechin-containing fraction extracted from SHXT, referred as SHXT-frC, exhibited effective inhibition of HCV replication, with selectivity index value (SI; CC50 /EC50) of 84, and displayed synergistic anti-HCV effects when combined with interferon-?, HCV protease inhibitor telaprevir or polymerase inhibitor 2'-C-methylcytidine. The activation of factor-?B (NF-?B) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) signalling pathway has particular relevance to HCV-associated HCC. SHXT-frC treatment also caused a concentration-dependent decrease in the induction of COX-2 and NF-?B expression caused by either HCV replication or HCV NS5A protein. Collectively, SHXT-frC could be an adjuvant treatment for patients with HCV-induced liver diseases. PMID:21692943

Lee, J C; Tseng, C K; Wu, S F; Chang, F R; Chiu, C C; Wu, Y C

2011-07-01

352

Inhibitory effects of Hwang-Ryun-Hae-Dok-Tang on cytochrome P450 in human liver microsomes.  

PubMed

Abstract 1.?The herb-drug interaction potential of Hwang-Ryun-Hae-Dok-Tang (HR) extracts mediated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibition was determined using human liver microsomes. 2.?HR strongly inhibited CYP1A2 and moderately inhibited CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4 (testosterone) but not CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, and CYP3A4 (midazolam). 3.?The enzyme kinetic results suggest that CYP1A2 inhibition is competitively reversible (Ki, 13.4??1.8??g/ml), and CYP2D6 inhibition is quasi-irreversible (KI, 0.234??0.138??g/ml; kinact, 0.067??0.006?min(-1)). 4.?Fermentation using Lactobacillus acidophilus attenuated the HR-induced inhibition of CYP2D6, but not the other isoforms. 5.?Neither CYP1A2 nor CYP3A4 was markedly inhibited by berberine, palmatine, and geniposide-major components in HR-and CYP2D6 was inhibited by berberine (IC50, 13.8??g/ml) in a metabolism-dependent manner. 6.?The results suggest the possibility of HR-drug interaction through inhibition of CYP-particularly CYP2D6-which may be attenuated by fermentation using L. acidophilus. PMID:25145883

Lee, Sang Yoon; Jang, Himchan; Lee, Ji-Yoon; Ma, Jin Yeul; Oh, Soo Jin; Kim, Sang Kyum

2015-02-01

353

Efficacy of a traditional Korean medicine, Chung-Sang-Bo-Ha-Tang, in a murine model of chronic asthma.  

PubMed

Traditional herbal medicines may be viable alternatives to corticosteroid therapy for treatment of asthma. However, the therapeutic mechanisms of herbal compounds remain a matter of considerable debate. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of Chung-Sang-Bo-Ha-Tang (CSBHT), a herbal compound administrated therapeutically to asthma patients for centuries, on airway inflammation and remodeling in a murine model of chronic asthma. BALB/c mice sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) were chronically challenged with aerosolized OVA for 6 weeks. During the last 2 weeks, some mice were treated daily with CSBHT by intragastric feeding. Dexamethasone (Dex)-treated, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)-treated, and naive mice served as controls. The effects of CSBHT on airway inflammation, lung pathology, and cytokine production were evaluated. Mice exposed to recurrent airway challenge with OVA had chronic inflammation and characteristics of airway remodeling, including subepithelial fibrosis, epithelial hypertrophy, and goblet cell hyperplasia. CSBHT was as effective as Dex at moderately reducing these changes compared to the PBS-treated mice. In addition, IL-5 and IFN-gamma levels in supernatants of Concanavalin A (Con A)-activated splenocyte cultures were reduced in mice treated with CSBHT. Treatment with CSBHT during the last 2 weeks of challenge modulated airway inflammation and remodeling in a murine model of chronic asthma. Thus, CSBHT may effectively delay the progression of airway inflammation and remodeling. PMID:15652771

Roh, Gu Seob; Seo, Seong-Won; Yeo, Sinkoo; Lee, Jung Min; Choi, Jung-Won; Kim, Eunkyung; Shin, Younghyun; Cho, Chongwoon; Bae, Hyunsu; Jung, Sung-Ki; Kwack, Kyubum

2005-02-01

354

Evaluation on the Pharmacological Effect of Traditional Chinese Medicine SiJunZiTang on Stress-Induced Peptic Ulcers  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To explore the effects of SiJunZiTang (SJZT) on central neurotransmitters and the inhibition of HCl hypersecretion, along with the role of the vagus nerve. From this, the effects of SJZT and its constituent ingredients on inhibiting stress-induced peptic ulcers will be determined. Methods. Methods used to determine SJZT's effectiveness included (1) measuring the antipeptic ulcer effects of varying combinations of the constituents of SJZT; (2) evaluations of monoamine (MA) level in the brain; and (3) measuring the effects of longer-term SJZT treatment. Results. Comparing the control and experimental groups where the rats' vagus nerves were not cut after taking SJZT orally (500?mg/kg and 1000?mg/kg), the volume of enterogastric juice, free HCl and total acidity all reduce dose-dependently. The group administered SJZT at 1000?mg/kg showed significant reductions (P < 0.05). For the experimental groups where the vagus nerves were cut, a comparison with the control group suggests that the group receiving SJZT (500?mg/kg) orally for 21 days demonstrated a cure rate of 34.53%. Conclusion. The results display a correlation between the therapeutic effects of SJZT on stress-induced peptic ulcers and central neurotransmitter levels. Further to this, SJZT can inhibit the hypersecretion of HCl in the stomach, thus inhibiting stress-induced peptic ulcers. PMID:23840247

Chen, Chiu-Mei; Lee, Chien-Ying; Lin, Po-Jung; Hsieh, Chin-Lang; Shih, Hung-Che

2013-01-01

355

Protection Effect of Zhen-Wu-Tang on Adriamycin-Induced Nephrotic Syndrome via Inhibiting Oxidative Lesions and Inflammation Damage  

PubMed Central

Zhen-wu-tang (ZWT), a well-known formula in China, is widely used to treat chronic kidney diseases. However, very little information on ZWT's mechanism of action is currently available. In this study, we investigated the possible protective role and underlying mechanism of ZWT on nephrotic syndrome (NS) induced by Adriamycin (intravenous injection, 6.0?mg/kg) in rats using biochemical and histopathological approaches. ZWT decreased urine protein excretion and the serum levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood urea nitrogen, and creatinine significantly in diseased rats. A decrease in plasma levels of total protein and albumin was also recorded in nephropathic rats. Pathological results show an improved pathological state and recovering glomerular structure in ZWT treatment groups. ZWT decreased renal IL-8 level but increased renal IL-4 level. In addition, rats subjected to ZWT exhibited less IgG deposition in glomerulus compared with model group. RT-PCR results showed that ZWT decreased the mRNA expression of NF-?B p65 and increased the mRNA expression of I?B. Furthermore, ZWT reduced the level of MDA and increased SOD activity. These results demonstrated that ZWT ameliorated Adriamycin-induced NS in rats possibly by inhibiting Adriamycin-induced inflammation damage, enhancing body's antioxidant capacity, thereby protecting glomerulus from injury. PMID:24812565

Liang, Chun-ling; Wu, Jun-biao; Lai, Jie-mei; Ye, Shu-fang; Lin, Jin; Ouyang, Hui; Zhan, Janis Ya-xian; Zhou, Jiu-yao

2014-01-01

356

Evolution of the Orszag-Tang vortex system in a compressible medium. I - Initial average subsonic flow  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of fully compressible, Fourier collocation, numerical simulations of the Orszag-Tang vortex system are presented. The initial conditions for this system consist of a nonrandom, periodic field in which the magnetic and velocity field contain X points but differ in modal structure along one spatial direction. The velocity field is initially solenoidal, with the total initial pressure field consisting of the superposition of the appropriate incompressible pressure distribution upon a flat pressure field corresponding to the initial, average Mach number of the flow. In these numerical simulations, this initial Mach number is varied from 0.2-0.6. These values correspond to average plasma beta values ranging from 30.0 to 3.3, respectively. It is found that compressible effects develop within one or two Alfven transit times, as manifested in the spectra of compressible quantities such as the mass density and the nonsolenoidal flow field. These effects include (1) a retardation of growth of correlation between the magnetic field and the velocity field, (2) the emergence of compressible small-scale structure such as massive jets, and (3) bifurcation of eddies in the compressible flow field. Differences between the incompressible and compressible results tend to increase with increasing initial average Mach number.

Dahlburg, R. B.; Picone, J. M.

1989-01-01

357

Monitoring bidecadal development of urban agglomeration with remote sensing images in the Jing-Jin-Tang area, China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As an important urban agglomeration of China, the Jing-Jin-Tang area has experienced intense urbanization since the 1980s. This study explores the spatiotemporal dynamics of urban areas in this region using multitemporal Landsat images. An enhanced built-up (BU) index method was applied to extract BU areas with an overall accuracy ranging from 75% to 91.35%. Seven spatial metrics were used to discern urban growth patterns at city and county levels. The results indicate that all cities witnessed a rapid growth of BU areas with different spatial patterns. Beijing has been aggregating since the 1990s and a large homogeneous urban patch has formed. The construction and development of metropolitan Beijing and Tianjin started in the early 1980s and became almost fully developed by the end of 1990. Tangshan, like many medium-sized cities in China, is still enduring a development process with an accelerating pace. The metropolitan areas of Beijing and Tianjin have been greatly developed with BU densities exceeding 90% since 2000, compared with Tangshan's 55% in 2010. These results provide spatial information on the evolution of urban extent in the period of 1990s to 2010s in this region.

Lu, Linlin; Guo, Huadong; Wang, Cuizhen; Pesaresi, Martino; Ehrlich, Daniele

2014-01-01

358

Bioinformatics Analysis for the Antirheumatic Effects of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang from a Network Perspective  

PubMed Central

Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT) is a classic TCM formula to clear heat and poison that exhibits antirheumatic activity. Here we investigated the therapeutic mechanisms of HLJDT at protein network level using bioinformatics approach. It was found that HLJDT shares 5 target proteins with 3 types of anti-RA drugs, and several pathways in immune system and bone formation are significantly regulated by HLJDT's components, suggesting the therapeutic effect of HLJDT on RA. By defining an antirheumatic effect score to quantitatively measure the therapeutic effect, we found that the score of each HLJDT's component is very low, while the whole HLJDT achieves a much higher effect score, suggesting a synergistic effect of HLJDT achieved by its multiple components acting on multiple targets. At last, topological analysis on the RA-associated PPI network was conducted to illustrate key roles of HLJDT's target proteins on this network. Integrating our findings with TCM theory suggests that HLJDT targets on hub nodes and main pathway in the Hot ZENG network, and thus it could be applied as adjuvant treatment for Hot-ZENG-related RA. This study may facilitate our understanding of antirheumatic effect of HLJDT and it may suggest new approach for the study of TCM pharmacology. PMID:24348693

Fang, Haiyang; Wang, Yichuan; Yang, Tinghong; Ga, Yang; Zhang, Yi; Zhang, Weidong

2013-01-01

359

Simultaneous determination of 11 bioactive compounds in Jaeumganghwa-tang by high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection  

PubMed Central

Background: Jaeumganghwa-tang (JEGH) is a traditional Korean herbal medicine for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, nephritis and diabetes mellitus. Objective: A high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) method was developed for simultaneous determination of 11 major compounds such as 5- hydroxymethylfurfural, mangiferin, paeoniflorin, nodakenin, naringin, hesperidin, decursinol, berberine, glycyrrhizin, atractylenolide III and decursin, in JEGH. Materials and Methods: The separation was conducted on Shishedo C18 column with gradient elution of 0.1% trifluoroacetic acidacetonitrile. Detection of wavelength was set at 205, 250, 280 and 330 nm. Results: The developed analysis showed a good linearity (R2 >0.9997). The range of limit of detection and limit of quantification were observed from 0.04 to 0.43 and from 0.11 to 1.30, respectively. The intra- and inter-day test relative standard deviations (RSD) were less than 3% and the accuracy was 95.98-108.44%. The recoveries were between 92.75% and 109.19% and RSD range of recoveries was measured from 0.52% to 2.78%. Conclusion: This HPLC-DAD method can be successfully applied for simultaneous determination of 11 major compounds in JEGH samples. PMID:24991100

Yun, Bo-Ra; Weon, Jin Bae; Lee, Jiwoo; Eom, Min Rye; Ma, Choong Je

2014-01-01

360

Evaluating the Bone Tissue Regeneration Capability of the Chinese Herbal Decoction Danggui Buxue Tang from a Molecular Biology Perspective  

PubMed Central

Large bone defects are a considerable challenge to reconstructive surgeons. Numerous traditional Chinese herbal medicines have been used to repair and regenerate bone tissue. This study investigated the bone regeneration potential of Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), a Chinese herbal decoction prepared from Radix Astragali (RA) and Radix Angelicae Sinensis (RAS), from a molecular biology perspective. The optimal ratio of RA and RAS used in DBT for osteoblast culture was obtained by colorimetric and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assays. Moreover, the optimal concentration of DBT for bone cell culture was also determined by colorimetric, ALP activity, nodule formation, Western blotting, wound-healing, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity assays. Consequently, the most appropriate weight ratio of RA to RAS for the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts was 5?:?1. Moreover, the most effective concentration of DBT was 1,000??g/mL, which significantly increased the number of osteoblasts, intracellular ALP levels, and nodule numbers, while inhibiting osteoclast activity. Additionally, 1,000??g/mL of DBT was able to stimulate p-ERK and p-JNK signal pathway. Therefore, DBT is highly promising for use in accelerating fracture healing in the middle or late healing periods. PMID:25295277

Wang, Wen-Ling; Sheu, Shi-Yuan; Kao, Shung-Te; Fu, Yuan-Tsung; Kuo, Tzong-Fu; Yao, Chun-Hsu

2014-01-01

361

Subacute Oral Toxicity of Yukmijiwhang-Tang in Crl:CD Sprague-Dawley Rats and Its Cytotoxicity  

PubMed Central

Background. The traditional herbal formula Yukmijiwhang-tang (YMJ) consists of six medicinal herbs and has been used to treat dysuria, diabetic mellitus, and neurosis in Korea, China, and Japan. Here we report safety information on its subacute toxicity and the cytotoxicity. Methods. YMJ extract was administered to SD rats at various dosages for 4 weeks. We monitored clinical signs, mortality, body and organ weights, food intake, and hematological and serum biochemistry factors. For cytotoxicity testing, each cell line was treated with various concentrations of YMJ for 24?h. Results. YMJ treatment had no significant effects on changes in clinical signs, body weight, or food intake in male or female rats. In male rats, YMJ treatment decreased the absolute weights of the epididymides and serum Na levels. In female rats, YMJ significantly reduced the prothrombin time (PT) and serum creatine level. However, the changes were not severe and were considered to be in the normal physiological range for rats. The no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) was estimated to be 2000?mg/kg/day. YMJ extract did not exert any cytotoxicity against 23 tested cell lines. Conclusions. Our data provide scientific evidence on the safety of YMJ for potential development as a prescription drug. PMID:25431608

Seo, Chang-Seob; Huh, Jung-Im; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo

2014-01-01

362

Involvement of nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathway in the antidepressant action of the total flavonoids extracted from Xiaobuxin-Tang.  

PubMed

Our previous studies have demonstrated that the total flavonoids (XBXT-2) isolated from the extract of Xiaobuxin-Tang (XBXT), a traditional Chinese herbal decoction, exerted antidepressant-like effects. Recently, accumulating studies have suggested that l-arginine-NO is implicated in the regulation of depression. Therefore, the aim of current study attempts to explore the involvement of l-arginine-NO pathway in the antidepressant-like effect of XBXT-2 in the mouse forced swim test (FST). Our results showed that the antidepressant-like action of XBXT-2 (100mg/kg, i.g.) was reversed by pretreatment with l-arginine (a nitric oxide precursor, 750mg/kg, i.p.). While co-administration of aminoguanidine (a specific inducible NOS inhibitor, 40, 80mg/kg, i.p.) and sub-effective dose of XBXT-2 (50mg/kg, i.g.) did not significantly alter the immobility in FST. In contrast, combined administration of 7-nitroindazole (a specific neuronal NOS inhibitor, 50mg/kg, i.p.) potentiated the antidepressant-like effect of non-effective doses of XBXT-2 (50mg/kg, i.g.). Meanwhile, NO modulators were devoid of any locomotor effects on the animals. In conclusion, the antidepressant-like action of XBXT-2 may be involvement of NO signaling pathway. PMID:24792392

Zhang, Li-Ming; Wang, Heng-Lin; Zhao, Nan; Chen, Hong-Xia; Li, Yun-Feng; Zhang, You-Zhi

2014-07-11

363

Effects of Hyul-Bu-Chuke-Tang on Erythrocyte Deformability and Cerebrovascular CO2 Reactivity in Normal Subjects  

PubMed Central

Aim. Hyul-bu-chuke-tang (HCEt) is a well-known traditional herbal medicine that is used for the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disorders. We investigated the acute effects of HCEt on erythrocyte deformability and cerebrovascular CO2 reactivity (CVR) in healthy male subjects. Materials and Methods. We examined erythrocyte deformability in an HCEt group (n = 14) and a control group (n = 10). CVR was measured using hyperventilation-induced CO2 reactivity of the middle cerebral artery and transcranial Doppler (TCD) in the HCEt group (n = 11). A historical control group (n = 10) of CVR measurements was also created from our previous study. All measurements were performed prior to and 1, 2, and 3 hours after HCEt administration. Results. HCEt significantly improved erythrocyte deformability 1 hour after administration compared to the control group (2.9 1.1% versus ?0.6 1.0%, P = 0.034). HCEt significantly improved the CVR 2 hours after administration compared to the historical control group (9.1 4.0% versus ?8.1 4.1%, P = 0.007). The mean blood pressure and pulse rate did not vary from baseline values in either group. Conclusions. We demonstrated that HCEt improved erythrocyte deformability and CVR. Our findings suggest that an improvement in erythrocyte deformability contributes to HCEt's effect on cerebral microcirculation. PMID:22690250

Jung, Woo-Sang; Park, Joo-Young; Byeon, Hyung-Sik; Kim, Young-Jee; Park, Jung-Mi; Park, Seong-Uk; Cho, Seung-Yeon; Moon, Sang-Kwan

2012-01-01

364

Quality Control of Danggui Buxue Tang, a Traditional Chinese Medicine Decoction, by 1H-NMR Metabolic Profiling  

PubMed Central

Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) is one of the simplest traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) decoctions, first described in China in 1247 AD. DBT is composed of 2 herbs, Astragali Radix (AR) and Angelica Sinensis Radix (ASR), boiled together in a 5?:?1 ratio. Clinically, DBT is prescribed to women as a remedy for menopausal symptoms. Here, H-NMR metabolic profiling was conducted for DBT and the water extracts of AR or ASR, to evaluate the potential of this chemical profiling method for quality control of the herbal decoction. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that DBT could be readily distinguished from the water extracts of its constituent herbs by the metabolic profiles. More interestingly, the metabolic profile of DBT was not a simple sum of that of AR and ASR. Asparagine was found at significantly higher concentration in DBT than that in either AR or ASR extract, contributing mainly to the discrimination of DBT sample. In addition, we employed the same method to profile a commercial DBT powder, verifying its authenticity as compared to our prepared DBT. This study is the first to employ H-NMR metabolic profiling for the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine decoctions. PMID:24826194

Zhang, Wendy L.; Cheung, Chi Yuen; Tsim, Karl W. K.

2014-01-01

365

Effect of traditional Chinese medicine (Xiaochaihu Tang) on the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in rats with endometriosis  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to explore the effect of a traditional Chinese medicine (Xiaochaihu Tang, XCHT) on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in rats with endometriosis (EMs). A total of 48 specific-pathogen-free (SPF) female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control (n=8) and EMs (n=40) groups. The EMs model was established using a surgical procedure. At 21 days, the rats with EMs were screened and divided into four subgroups (n=8): the model control, low-dose (7.5 g/kg) XCHT-treated, high-dose (15 g/kg) XCHT-treated and gestrinone-treated (0.5 mg/kg) groups. Following 21 days of treatment, the rats were sacrificed. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting were used to examine the mRNA and protein levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the endometrium. The expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were significantly increased in the rats with EMs compared with those in normal rats. Moreover, XCHT was able to significantly inhibit the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 compared with that in the model control group. In conclusion, XCHT was able to decrease the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the ectopic endometrium. The present results may provide a potential theoretical basis for the therapy of EMs. PMID:24255667

JIAO, LUYANG; QI, XIAOFEN; LU, GUANGJIAN; ZHANG, QUNMEI; ZHANG, CHUNXIAO; GAO, JIANHUI

2013-01-01

366

Cognitive enhancing effect of the fermented Gumiganghwal-tang on scopolamine-induced memory impairment in mice.  

PubMed

Gumiganghwal-tang (GT) is a traditional herbal medicine that is widely used for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic actions. Fermented GT has been reported to inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and to exert a neuroprotective effect. In this study, we investigated the effect of fermented GT against scopolamine-induced memory impairment in mice using the Morris water maze and passive avoidance tests. The results of the Morris water maze test indicated that fermented GT significantly decreased escape latency, as compared with that observed in the scopolamine-treated group. In the prove test, fermented GT attenuated the decreased time spent in the target quadrant observed after scopolamine treatment. The results of the passive avoidance test indicated that the treatment with fermented GT increased latency time when compared with the scopolamine-treated group. Moreover, fermented GT inhibited AChE activity in the hippocampi of the treated mice. These results suggest that fermented GT reduced scopolamine-induced amnesia in mice through AChE inhibition. Therefore, we hypothesize that fermented GT may be a useful therapeutic agent for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. PMID:25216329

Weon, Jin Bae; Lee, Jiwoo; Eom, Min Rye; Jung, Youn Sik; Ma, Choong Je

2014-09-12

367

The Usefulness of Xuefu Zhuyu Tang for Patients with Angina Pectoris: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of Xuefu Zhuyu Tang (XFZYT) for treating angina pectoris (AP). Methods. Six databases were searched (up to December, 2013). Eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficiency of XFZYT plus traditional antianginal medications (TAMs) compared with TAMs alone in patients with AP were included. The outcomes were relief of anginal symptoms (RAS) and improvement of electrocardiogram (ECG) and blood high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level. Result. Finally 14 RCTs were included. There were evidences that XFZYT combined with TAMs was more effective in improving RAS (RR = 1.29; 95% CI = [1.20, 1.38]), ECG (RR = 1.37; 95% CI = [1.22, 1.54]), and blood HDL-C level (MD = 0.29?mmol/L; 95% CI = [0.23, 0.35]) compared with TAMs alone. Our meta-analysis also showed the pooled number needed to treat (NNT) of the group with stable angina pectoris (SAP) was smaller in improving RAS (4.2 versus 5.7) and ECG (3.1 versus 5.5) compared with the group with both SAP and unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Conclusion. Combination therapy with XFZYT and TAMs is more effective in treating AP compared with TAMs alone. And XFZYT may be a more suitable choice for the treatment of SAP. However, the findings should be interpreted with caution due to the mediocre methodological quality of the included RCTs. PMID:25254054

Yi, Guo-zhong; Qiu, Yu-qin; Xiao, Ya; Yuan, Li-xia

2014-01-01

368

Advancing Drug Discovery and Development from Active Constituents of Yinchenhao Tang, a Famous Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula  

PubMed Central

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula has been playing a very important role in health protection and disease control for thousands of years. Guided by TCM syndrome theories, formula are designed to contain a combination of various kinds of crude drugs that, when combined, will achieve synergistic efficacy. However, the precise mechanism of synergistic action remains poorly understood. One example is a famous TCM formula Yinchenhao Tang (YCHT), whose efficacy in treating hepatic injury (HI) and Jaundice syndrome, has recently been well established as a case study. We also conducted a systematic analysis of synergistic effects of the principal compound using biochemistry, pharmacokinetics and systems biology, to explore the key molecular mechanisms. We had found that the three component (6,7-dimethylesculetin (D), geniposide (G), and rhein (R)) combination exerts a more robust synergistic effect than any one or two of the three individual compounds by hitting multiple targets. They can regulate molecular networks through activating both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways to synergistically cause intensified therapeutic effects. This paper provides an overview of the recent and potential developments of chemical fingerprinting coupled with systems biology advancing drug discovery towards more agile development of targeted combination therapies for the YCHT. PMID:24191164

Zhang, Aihua; Sun, Hui; Qiu, Shi; Wang, Xijun

2013-01-01

369

Protective Effects of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang against Polymicrobial Sepsis Induced by Cecal Ligation and Puncture in Rats  

PubMed Central

Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT) is a traditional formula that has long been used for treatment of inflammatory diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine. In this study, we examined its protective effect against sepsis in an experimental septic model induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in rats. The results demonstrated that prophylactic administration of HLJDT protected rats from CLP-induced lethality and ameliorated CLP-induced liver and lung injury. HLJDT treatment suppressed the production of proinflammatory cytokines, including TNF-?, IL-1, IL-6, and IL-17A, indicating HLJDT could limit excessive inflammatory responses in septic condition. In addition, HLJDT facilitated bacterial clearance by increasing phagocytic activities of peritoneal macrophages. Furthermore, HLJDT treatment reversed CLP-induced suppression of IFN-? expression and blocked CLP-induced increase in IL-4 expression in spleens of rats at 24 h after CLP, indicating that HLJDT could reverse the shift from Th1 to Th2 response and promote Th1/Th2 balance toward Th1 predominance in septic rats. Moreover, HLJDT also inhibited the expression of IL-17A and ROR-?t in spleens of septic rats, indicating HLJDT is able to inhibit Th17 activation in septic condition. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated the protective effects of HLJDT against sepsis and highlighted the potential of HLJDT as a medication for septic patients. PMID:24363773

Qiao, Liming; Hu, Zhenlin; Zhang, Weidong

2013-01-01

370

A High Capacity 3D Steganography Algorithm Min-Wen Chao, Chao-hung Lin, Cheng-Wei Yu, and Tong-Yee Lee, Member, IEEE  

E-print Network

A High Capacity 3D Steganography Algorithm Min-Wen Chao, Chao-hung Lin, Cheng-Wei Yu, and Tong steganography scheme. Our steganography approach is based on a novel multilayered embedding scheme to hide-of-the-art approaches, while obeying the low distortion and security basic requirements for steganography on 3D models

Chen, Sheng-Wei

371

Identification and Tracking of Players in Sports Videos Chun-Wei Lu, Chao-Yung Hsu, and Hong-Yuan Mark Liao  

E-print Network

Project Identification and Tracking of Players in Sports Videos Chun-Wei Lu, Chao-Yung Hsu, and Hong-Yuan Mark Liao Challenges To develop an automatic basketball video analysis system is difficult motions and may move outside the field of view of the camera . Most existing basketball video analysis

Chen, Sheng-Wei

372

Defect tolerant extreme ultraviolet lithography technique Lukasz Urbanski, Wei Li, Jorge J. Rocca, Carmen S. Menoni, Mario C. Marconi et al.  

E-print Network

Defect tolerant extreme ultraviolet lithography technique Lukasz Urbanski, Wei Li, Jorge J. Rocca-beam­direct-write lithography J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 31, 021605 (2013) Origin of defects on targets used to make extreme (2013) Influence of secondary electrons in high-energy electron beam lithography J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B

Rocca, Jorge J.

373

Structure-Function Analysis of the BEACH Protein LvsA Wei-I Wu, Juhi Yajnik and Michael Siano and  

E-print Network

Structure-Function Analysis of the BEACH Protein LvsA Wei-I Wu, Juhi Yajnik and Michael Siano Lozanne, a.delozanne@mail.utexas.edu Most eukaryotes have several members of the BEACH family of proteins but the molecular function of these large proteins remains unknown. The Dictyostelium BEACH protein Lvs

De Lozanne, Arturo

374

GSTM1 AND GSTT1 GENOTYPES AND LUNG CANCER RISK ASSOCIATED WITH EXPOSURE TO INDOOR COAL EMISSIONS: A CASE-CONTROL STUDY IN XUAN WEI, CHINA  

EPA Science Inventory

The lung cancer mortality rate in Xuan Wei County, China is among the highest in the country and has been associated with exposure to indoor smoky coal emissions that contain high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. This risk may be modified by variation in metabolism gen...

375

Take This Personally: Pollution Attacks on Personalized Services Xinyu Xing, Wei Meng, Dan Doozan, Alex C. Snoeren, Nick Feamster, and Wenke Lee  

E-print Network

Take This Personally: Pollution Attacks on Personalized Services Xinyu Xing, Wei Meng, Dan Doozan against three popular Web services, we high- light a new class of vulnerability that allows an attacker a pollution attack, that allows third parties to alter the customized content the services return to users who

Snoeren, Alex

376

POLYMORPHISMS IN THE DNA BASE EXCISION REPAIR GENES APEX1 AND XRCC1 AND LUNG CANCER RISK IN XUAN WEI, CHINA  

EPA Science Inventory

The lung cancer mortality rate in Xuan Wei County is among the highest in China and has been attributed to exposure to indoor smoky coal emissions that contain very high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Nucleotide excision repair (NER) plays a key role in revers...

377

Multimode Locomotion via SuperBot Robots Wei-Min Shen, Maks Krivokon, Harris Chiu, Jacob Everist, Michael Rubenstein, Jagadesh Venkatesh  

E-print Network

Multimode Locomotion via SuperBot Robots Wei-Min Shen, Maks Krivokon, Harris Chiu, Jacob Everist for multiple locomotion modes based on reconfigurable modules. Each mode consists of characteristics and multifunctional robots. I. INTRODUCTION Multimode locomotion is essential for any self-sustaining robotic system

Shen, Wei-Min

378

HUMAN EXPOSURE AND DOSIMETRY OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN URINE FROM XUAN WEI, CHINA WITH HIGH LUNG CANCER MORTALITY ASSOCIATED WITH EXPOSURE TO UNVENTED COAL SMOKE  

EPA Science Inventory

Lung cancer mortality rate in Xuan Wei (XW) county, China is 5 times the China national average; women's rate is China's highest. W residents have been exposed to unvented coal or wood smoke during cooling or heating in homes. his study investigated indoor air exposure and dosime...

379

Techniques to Visualize and Monitor Transit Fleet Operations Performance in Urban Wei Feng, Miguel Figliozzi, Scott Price, Wu-chi Feng and Kristina Hostetler  

E-print Network

1 Techniques to Visualize and Monitor Transit Fleet Operations Performance in Urban Areas Wei Feng of schedule adherence and headway regularity. TriMet is the transit provider in the Portland metropolitan on a Google Maps platform. Visualizations proposed in this study can aid transit agency managers and operators

Bertini, Robert L.

380

BIO480/CAMB480 --ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY (FALL 2012) Instructor:Wei Guo 304E Lynch Laboratory (guowei@sas.upenn.edu)  

E-print Network

BIO480/CAMB480 -- ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY (FALL 2012) Instructor:Wei Guo ­ 304E Lynch Laboratory for beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduates with a particular enthusiasm for cell Biology. Biology 480 does not attempt to cover all aspects of cell biology, and is therefore not appropriate

Plotkin, Joshua B.

381

FAST Copper For Broadband Access Mung Chiang1, Jianwei Huang1, Dahai Xu1, Yung Yi1, Chee Wei Tan1, Raphael Cendrillon2  

E-print Network

FAST Copper For Broadband Access Mung Chiang1, Jianwei Huang1, Dahai Xu1, Yung Yi1, Chee Wei Tan1 Abstract-- This is an overview of the ongoing FAST Copper project, which is aimed at substantial improvements in rate, reach, reliability, and quality in copper-last-mile broadband access through fiber

Yi, Yung

382

Superelasticity in TiNi Alloys and Its Applications in Smart Systems Wei Cai, Yufeng Zheng, Xianglong Meng and Liancheng Zhao  

E-print Network

Superelasticity in TiNi Alloys and Its Applications in Smart Systems Wei Cai, Yufeng Zheng and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China, weicai@hit.edu.cn Keywords: TiNi alloy of TiNi alloy, which has been widely used in the smart systems of many fields, such as aerospace

Zheng, Yufeng

383

ReaxFFMgH Reactive Force Field for Magnesium Hydride Systems Sam Cheung, Wei-Qiao Deng, Adri C. T. van Duin, and William A. Goddard III*  

E-print Network

ReaxFFMgH Reactive Force Field for Magnesium Hydride Systems Sam Cheung, Wei-Qiao Deng, Adri C. TFFMgH) for magnesium and magnesium hydride systems. The parameters for this force field were derived from fitting to quantum chemical (QM) data on magnesium clusters and on the equations of states for condensed phases

van Duin, Adri

384

Activity-dependent branching ratios in stocks, solar x-ray flux, and the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We define an activity-dependent branching ratio that allows comparison of different time series Xt . The branching ratio bx is defined as bx=E[?x/x] . The random variable ?x is the value of the next signal given that the previous one is equal to x , so ?x={Xt+1?Xt=x} . If bx>1 , the process is on average supercritical when the signal is equal to x , while if bx<1 , it is subcritical. For stock prices we find bx=1 within statistical uncertainty, for all x , consistent with an efficient market hypothesis. For stock volumes, solar x-ray flux intensities, and the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld (BTW) sandpile model, bx is supercritical for small values of activity and subcritical for the largest ones, indicating a tendency to return to a typical value. For stock volumes this tendency has an approximate power-law behavior. For solar x-ray flux and the BTW model, there is a broad regime of activity where bx?1 , which we interpret as an indicator of critical behavior. This is true despite different underlying probability distributions for Xt and for ?x . For the BTW model the distribution of ?x is Gaussian, for x sufficiently larger than 1, and its variance grows linearly with x . Hence, the activity in the BTW model obeys a central limit theorem when sampling over past histories. The broad region of activity where bx is close to one disappears once bulk dissipation is introduced in the BTW modelsupporting our hypothesis that it is an indicator of criticality.

Martin, Elliot; Shreim, Amer; Paczuski, Maya

2010-01-01

385

PLAYING WITH TAGGING: A REAL-TIME TAGGING MUSIC PLAYER Ju-Chiang Wang1,2  

E-print Network

PLAYING WITH TAGGING: A REAL-TIME TAGGING MUSIC PLAYER Ju-Chiang Wang1,2 , Hsin-Min Wang2 and Shyh@cc.ee.ntu.edu.tw ABSTRACT Visualizing audio signals during playback has long been a fundamental function of music players or incomprehensible displays to users. In this paper, we present an intelligent music player called the Playing

Wang, Hsin-Min

386

Misfit dislocations in multimetallic core-shelled nanoparticles Yong Ding, Xiaolian Sun, Zhong Lin Wang, and Shouheng Sun  

E-print Network

Misfit dislocations in multimetallic core-shelled nanoparticles Yong Ding, Xiaolian Sun, Zhong Lin Wang, and Shouheng Sun Citation: Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111603 (2012); doi: 10.1063/1.3695332 View-shelled nanoparticles Yong Ding,1 Xiaolian Sun,2 Zhong Lin Wang,1,a) and Shouheng Sun2,a) 1 School of Materials Science

Wang, Zhong L.

387

Choosing Autonomy Modes for Multirobot Search Michael Lewis, Huadong Wang, and Shih Yi Chien, University of Pittsburgh,  

E-print Network

. Address correspondence to Mike Lewis, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Information Science, 135 NChoosing Autonomy Modes for Multirobot Search Michael Lewis, Huadong Wang, and Shih Yi Chien, 2000; Wang & Lewis, 2007) or formation following (Balch & Arkin, 1998), coordination needs to be auto

Lewis, Michael

388

Publications: 1. T. Y. Wu, J. C. Chen and C. C. Wang, 2012, "Characterization of Gear Faults  

E-print Network

1 Publications: 1. T. Y. Wu, J. C. Chen and C. C. Wang, 2012, "Characterization of Gear Faults, "Structural Acoustic Reduction via Piezoelectric Actuation and Adaptive Eigenvector Optimization Algorithm, 115027. (SCI, EI) 6. T. Y. Wu, and K. W. Wang, 2009, "Reduction of Structural Acoustic Radiation via Left

389

Wang et al. BMC Medical Genetics 2010, 11:79 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2350/11/79  

E-print Network

Wang et al. BMC Medical Genetics 2010, 11:79 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2350/11/79 Open and Qiu- Ju Wang*1,7 Abstract Background: Mutations in OTOF gene, encoding otoferlin, cause DFNB9 deafness, which shows a lower genetic load of that gene in contrast to the previous studies based on other

390

March 17 - 19, 2004: Proteomics: Finding the Needle in the Haystack, Xuena Wang, Kith Pradhan, Chen Ji, Xiangfeng Wu, Yeming Ma, Wei Zhu, Piyush Kumar, Valentin Polishchuk, Olaf Hall-Holt, Joseph Mitchell, Estie, Arkin, James Glimm, John Kovach  

Cancer.gov

Cosine Dimension Reduction Cosine Dimension Reduction 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 1 00 2 00 3 00 4 00 5 00 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 x 10 4 0 1 00 2 00 3 00 4 00 Original (368750) Reduced (32768) VII. VII.

391

Simultaneous Determination of Baicalin, Baicalein, Wogonin, Oxysophocarpine, Oxymatrine and Matrine in the Chinese Herbal Preparation of Sanwu-Huangqin-Tang by Ion-Paired HPLC  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sensitive and reliable ion-paired high-performance liquid chromatographic method has been established for the simultaneous\\u000a quantification of six major active ingredients, namely baicalin, baicalein, wogonin, oxysophocarpine, oxymatrine and matrine\\u000a in the Chinese herbal preparation, Sanwu-Huangqin-Tang. HPLC analyses were performed on a Phenomenex luna C18 column with mobile phase of methanolacetonitrileaqueous phosphoric acid at a flow rate of 0.9mLmin?1. The complete

Lei Zhang; Liang Xu; Xiao-Jie Tan; Qiong-Feng Liao; Wei Guo; Xiao-Hui Chen; Kai-Shun Bi

2007-01-01

392

Determination of gentiopicroside, mangiferin, palmatine, berberine, baicalin, wogonin and glycyrrhizin in the traditional Chinese medicinal preparation Sann-Joong-Kuey-Jian-Tang by high-performance liquid chromatography  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-performance liquid chromatography was employed to determine the contents of several marker substances such as gentiopicroside, mangiferin, palmatine, berberine, baicalin, wogonin and glycyrrhizin in Sann-Joong-Kuey-Jian-Tang. The separation was performed on a Cosmosil 5C18-AR column by gradient elution with 0.03% (v\\/v) phosphoric acid-acetonitrile (0 min, 90:10; 10 min, 87:13; 1727 min, 77:23; 40 min, 62:38; 50 min, 55:45) as the mobile

Shion-Jane Lin; Hshinn-Hshiung Tseng; Kuo-Ching Wen; Tsi-Tee Suen

1996-01-01

393

Inter-occurrence Times in the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld Sandpile Model: A Comparison with the Turbulent Statistics of Solar Flares  

E-print Network

A sequence of bursts observed in an intermittent time series may be caused by a single avalanche, even though these bursts appear as distinct events when noise and/or instrument resolution impose a detection threshold. In the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile, the statistics of quiet times between bursts switches from Poissonian to scale invariant on raising the threshold for detecting instantaneous activity, since each zero-threshold avalanche breaks into a hierarchy of correlated bursts. Calibrating the model with the time resolution of GOES data, qualitative agreement with the inter-occurrence time statistics of solar flares at different intensity thresholds is found.

Maya Paczuski; Stefan Boettcher; Marco Baiesi

2005-06-20

394

Simultaneous use of traditional Chinese medicine (Si-Ni-Tang) to treat septic shock patients: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Even though there are continually upgraded recommendations for managing sepsis, such as "Surviving Sepsis Campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock", mortality is still high. Si-Ni-Tang, a remedy documented in Shanghan Lun, a medical collection from ancient China, is used for treating patients with sepsis and septic shock. Using a well-designed clinical trial, we are eager to survey the effectiveness of the concurrent use of this remedy in restoring these patients' hemodynamic status, or "Yang Qi". Methods/Design Patients admitted to our medical intensive care units with the diagnosis of septic shock, defined as persistent hypotension induced by sepsis despite adequate fluid resuscitation, are eligible for participation. The inclusion criteria include: age from 20 to 85 years, conditions meeting the definition of septic shock, use of vasopressors within 24 hours of entering the study, and use of a nasogastric tube for feeding. The enrolled patients are randomly allocated either to the Si-Ni-Tang group or the placebo group. The prescription of the trial drugs (Si-Ni-Tang/placebo) is 2.25 grams 4 times a day for 7 days or till shock reversal (if shock reversal occurs in less than 7 days). Data, including duration of vasopressor infusion, gender, age, co-morbidities, APACHE II score, predicted mortality, ICU mortality, ICU length of stay, hospital mortality, hospital length of stay, source of sepsis, and culture results, are collected for the following analysis. Discussion Si-Ni-Tang is composed of processed Zingiber officinale, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, and Aconitum carmichaeli. Zingiber officinale and Glycyrrhiza uralensis are found to have the ability to reduce pro-inflammatory cytokine production, to inhibit lipopolisaccharide-induced macrophage activation and function, and to lessen the bacterial load and suppress acute and chronic inflammation. Aconitum carmichaeli is known to have vasopressor activity, and positive chronotropic and inotropic effects. As this remedy has a potential benefit in treating septic shock patients, we designed a double-blind, prospective, randomized controlled trial and would like to publish the results and conclusions later. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01223430 PMID:21864392

2011-01-01

395

Aperiodic compression and reconstruction of real-world material systems based on Wang tiles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents a concept to compress and synthesize complex material morphologies that is based on Wang tilings. Specifically, a microstructure is stored in a set of Wang tiles and its reconstruction is performed by means of a stochastic tiling algorithm. A substantial part of the study is devoted to the setup of optimal parameters of the automatic tile design by means of parametric studies with statistical descriptors at heart. The performance of the method is demonstrated on four two-dimensional two-phase target systems, monodisperse media with hard and soft disks, sandstone, and high porosity metallic foam.

Dok?, Martin; Novk, Jan; Zeman, Jan

2014-12-01

396

Wang receives 2011 Sunanda and Santimay Basu Early-Career Award  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hui Wang has been awarded the Sunanda and Santimay Basu Early-Career Award in Sun-Earth systems science. This award recognizes an individual scientist from a developing nation for making outstanding contributions to research in Sun-Earth systems science that further the understanding of both plasma physical processes and their applications for the benefit of society. Wang's thesis is entitled High latitude ionospheric current system and its response to substorm and geomagnetic storm. She delivered an invited talk and was formally presented with the award at the 2011 AGU Fall Meeting, held 5-9 December in San Francisco, Calif.

2012-02-01

397

Elucidating pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines by biclustering analysis of the gene expression profile: a case study on curcumin and si-wu-tang.  

PubMed

Natural medicines have attracted wide attention in recent years. It is of great significance to clarify the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines. In prior studies, we established a method for elucidating pharmacological mechanisms of natural products contained in connectivity map (cMap), in terms of module profiles of gene expression in chemical treatments. In this study, we explore whether this methodology is applicable to dissecting the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines beyond the agents contained in cMap. First, the gene expression profiles of curcumin (a typical isolated natural medicine) and Si-Wu-Tang (a classic traditional Chinese medicine formula) treatments were merged with those of cMap-derived 1309 agents, respectively. Then, a biclustering analysis was performed using FABIA method to identify gene modules. The biological functions of gene modules provide preliminary insights into pharmacological mechanisms of both natural medicines. The module profile can be characterized by a binary vector, which allowed us to compare the expression profiles of natural medicines with those of cMap-derived agents. Accordingly, we predicted a series of pharmacological effects for curcumin and Si-Wu-Tang by the indications of cMap-covered drugs. Most predictions were supported by experimental observations, suggesting the potential use of this method in natural medicine dissection. PMID:25551600

Quan, Yuan; Li, Bin; Sun, You-Min; Zhang, Hong-Yu

2014-01-01

398

Elucidating Pharmacological Mechanisms of Natural Medicines by Biclustering Analysis of the Gene Expression Profile: A Case Study on Curcumin and Si-Wu-Tang  

PubMed Central

Natural medicines have attracted wide attention in recent years. It is of great significance to clarify the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines. In prior studies, we established a method for elucidating pharmacological mechanisms of natural products contained in connectivity map (cMap), in terms of module profiles of gene expression in chemical treatments. In this study, we explore whether this methodology is applicable to dissecting the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines beyond the agents contained in cMap. First, the gene expression profiles of curcumin (a typical isolated natural medicine) and Si-Wu-Tang (a classic traditional Chinese medicine formula) treatments were merged with those of cMap-derived 1309 agents, respectively. Then, a biclustering analysis was performed using FABIA method to identify gene modules. The biological functions of gene modules provide preliminary insights into pharmacological mechanisms of both natural medicines. The module profile can be characterized by a binary vector, which allowed us to compare the expression profiles of natural medicines with those of cMap-derived agents. Accordingly, we predicted a series of pharmacological effects for curcumin and Si-Wu-Tang by the indications of cMap-covered drugs. Most predictions were supported by experimental observations, suggesting the potential use of this method in natural medicine dissection. PMID:25551600

Quan, Yuan; Li, Bin; Sun, You-Min; Zhang, Hong-Yu

2014-01-01

399

Discovery of Molecular Mechanisms of Traditional Chinese Medicinal Formula Si-Wu-Tang Using Gene Expression Microarray and Connectivity Map  

PubMed Central

To pursue a systematic approach to discovery of mechanisms of action of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), we used microarrays, bioinformatics and the Connectivity Map (CMAP) to examine TCM-induced changes in gene expression. We demonstrated that this approach can be used to elucidate new molecular targets using a model TCM herbal formula Si-Wu-Tang (SWT) which is widely used for women's health. The human breast cancer MCF-7 cells treated with 0.1 M estradiol or 2.56 mg/ml of SWT showed dramatic gene expression changes, while no significant change was detected for ferulic acid, a known bioactive compound of SWT. Pathway analysis using differentially expressed genes related to the treatment effect identified that expression of genes in the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) cytoprotective pathway was most significantly affected by SWT, but not by estradiol or ferulic acid. The Nrf2-regulated genes HMOX1, GCLC, GCLM, SLC7A11 and NQO1 were upreguated by SWT in a dose-dependent manner, which was validated by real-time RT-PCR. Consistently, treatment with SWT and its four herbal ingredients resulted in an increased antioxidant response element (ARE)-luciferase reporter activity in MCF-7 and HEK293 cells. Furthermore, the gene expression profile of differentially expressed genes related to SWT treatment was used to compare with those of 1,309 compounds in the CMAP database. The CMAP profiles of estradiol-treated MCF-7 cells showed an excellent match with SWT treatment, consistent with SWT's widely claimed use for women's diseases and indicating a phytoestrogenic effect. The CMAP profiles of chemopreventive agents withaferin A and resveratrol also showed high similarity to the profiles of SWT. This study identified SWT as an Nrf2 activator and phytoestrogen, suggesting its use as a nontoxic chemopreventive agent, and demonstrated the feasibility of combining microarray gene expression profiling with CMAP mining to discover mechanisms of actions and to identify new health benefits of TCMs. PMID:21464939

Wen, Zhining; Wang, Zhijun; Wang, Steven; Ravula, Ranadheer; Yang, Lun; Xu, Jun; Wang, Charles; Zuo, Zhong; Chow, Moses S. S.; Shi, Leming; Huang, Ying

2011-01-01

400

Transcriptional profiling of Chinese medicinal formula Si-Wu-Tang on breast cancer cells reveals phytoestrogenic activity  

PubMed Central

Background Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), comprising the combination of four herbs, Paeoniae, Angelicae, Chuanxiong and Rehmanniae, is one of the most popular traditional oriental medicines for womens diseases. In our previous study, the microarray gene expression profiles of SWT on breast cancer cell line MCF-7 were found similar to the effect of ?-estradiol (E2) on MCF-7 cells in the Connectivity Map database. Methods Further data analysis was conducted to find the main similarities and differences between the effects of SWT and E2 on MCF-7 gene expression. The cell proliferation assay on MCF-7 (ER-positive) and MDA-MB-231 (ER-negative) cells were used to examine such estrogenic activity. The estrogenic potency of SWT was further confirmed by estrogen-responsive element (ERE) luciferase reporter assay in MCF-7 cells. Results Many estrogen regulated genes strongly up-regulated by E2 were similarly up-regulated by SWT, e.g., GREB1, PGR and EGR3. Of interest with regard to safety of SWT, the oncogenes MYBL1 and RET were strongly induced by E2 but not by SWT. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed a highly concordant expression change in selected genes with data obtained by microarrays. Further supporting SWTs estrogenic activity, in MCF-7 but not in MDA-MB-231 cells, SWT stimulated cell growth at lower concentrations (< 3.0?mg/ml), while at high concentrations, it inhibits the growth of both cell lines. The growth inhibitory potency of SWT was significantly higher in MDA-MB-231 than in MCF-7 cells. The SWT-induced cell growth of MCF-7 could be blocked by addition of the estrogen receptor antagonist tamoxifen. In addition, SWT was able to activate the ERE activity at lower concentrations. The herbal components Angelicae, Chuanxiong and Rehmanniae at lower concentrations (< 3.0?mg/ml) also showed growth-inducing and ERE-activating activity in MCF-7 cells. Conclusions These results revealed a new mechanism to support the clinical use of SWT for estrogen related diseases and possibly for cancer prevention. This study also demonstrated the feasibility of using microarray transcriptional profiling to discover phytoestrogenic components that are present in natural products. PMID:23305139

2013-01-01

401

Traditional Chinese medicinal formula Si-Wu-Tang prevents oxidative damage by activating Nrf2-mediated detoxifying/antioxidant genes  

PubMed Central

Background Induction of Nrf2-mediated detoxifying/antioxidant genes has been recognized as an effective strategy for cancer chemoprevention. Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), comprising the combination of four herbs, Paeoniae, Angelicae, Chuanxiong and Rehmanniae, is one of the most popular traditional oriental medicines for womens diseases. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of SWT on Nrf2 pathway in vitro and in vivo and to identify the active component(s). Results Cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed in the non-cancerous breast epithelial cell line MCF-10A after H2O2 treatment in the presence or absence of SWT using the Sulphorhodamine B assay, Annexin-V/Propidium iodide staining and flow cytometry. SWT strongly reduced H2O2 -induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in MCF-10A cells. Expression of Nrf2 and Nrf2-regulated genes HMOX1 (heme oxygenase 1) and SLC7A11 (xCT) was evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR, Western Blot and immunocytochemistry. SWT strongly induced Nrf2-regulated genes at mRNA and protein levels and increased the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 in MCF-10A cells. The in vivo pharmacodynamic effect of SWT was evaluated in healthy female SpragueDawley rats. Short-term oral administration of SWT (1,000mg/kg per day for six consecutive days) to rats resulted in an increased expression of Nrf2-regulated genes Hmox1 and Slc7A11 in the liver detected by quantitative RT-PCR. Among nine compounds that have been identified previously in the SWT products, z-liguistilide was discovered as the main component responsible for the effect of Nrf2 activation using the antioxidant response element-luciferase reporter gene assay. Z-liguistilide was confirmed with a high potency to induce Nrf2-regulated genes and Nrf2 nuclear translocation. Conclusions Our results demonstrated that SWT and its component z-liguistilide are able to activate the Nrf2 pathway in non-cancerous cells and organs in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that SWT might be an orally effective and nontoxic agent for cancer chemoprevention. PMID:24507416

2014-01-01

402

DEP actuated nanoliter droplet dispensing using feedback control Kai-Liang Wang,a  

E-print Network

DEP actuated nanoliter droplet dispensing using feedback control Kai-Liang Wang,a Thomas B. Jones Article on the web 24th December 2008 DOI: 10.1039/b816438j Dielectrophoretic (DEP) droplet dispensing control systems for high-speed microfluidic devices. Open- loop control of DEP droplet dispensing

Jones, Thomas B.

403

Twin Vector Machines for Online Learning on a Budget Zhuang Wang Slobodan Vucetic  

E-print Network

Twin Vector Machines for Online Learning on a Budget Zhuang Wang Slobodan Vucetic Abstract This paper proposes Twin Vector Machine (TVM), a con- stant space and sublinear time Support Vector Machine number of ex- amples, called the twin vectors, and their associated infor- mation in memory during

Vucetic, Slobodan

404

Adaptive Friction Compensation for Servo J. Wang, S. S. Ge, and T. H. Lee  

E-print Network

Adaptive Friction Compensation for Servo Mechanisms J. Wang, S. S. Ge, and T. H. Lee Department@nus.edu.sg Abstract Friction exists in all machines having relative motion, and plays an important role in many servo, accurate friction modeling and effective compensation techniques have to be investigated. In this chapter

Ge, Shuzhi Sam

405

Online Selecting Discriminative Tracking Features using Particle Filter Jianyu Wang1  

E-print Network

Online Selecting Discriminative Tracking Features using Particle Filter Jianyu Wang1 , Xilin Chen1,2 and Wen Gao1,2 School of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China}@jdl.ac.cn Abstract The paper proposes a method to keep the tracker robust to background clutters by online selecting

Chen, Xilin

406

Radial Localization of Toroidicity-Induced Alfven Eigenmodes Zhixuan Wang (),1  

E-print Network

Radial Localization of Toroidicity-Induced Alfve´n Eigenmodes Zhixuan Wang (),1 Zhihong Lin (),1-0451, USA 3 General Atomics, San Diego, California 92186-5608, USA 4 University of Texas, Austin, Austin of fusion plasmas finds a radial localization of the toroidal Alfve´n eigenmodes (TAEs) due

Lin, Zhihong

407

Selective molecular sieving through porous Steven P. Koenig, Luda Wang, John Pellegrino and J. Scott Bunch*  

E-print Network

test, an atomic force microscope (AFM) was used to measure the shape of the bulged graphene membraneSelective molecular sieving through porous graphene Steven P. Koenig, Luda Wang, John Pellegrino-defined pore sizes to increase selectivity. Graphene is an excellent starting point for developing size

Bunch, Scott

408

Dr. Yeqiao (Y.Q.) Wang Professor in Terrestrial Remote Sensing  

E-print Network

1 Dr. Yeqiao (Y.Q.) Wang Professor in Terrestrial Remote Sensing Department of Natural Resources://www.ltrs.uri.edu ________________________________________________________________________ Research Interests My research interests and teaching responsibilities are in terrestrial remote sensing sensing of the dynamics of landscape and land-cover/land-use change (LCLUC). LCLUC is an interdisciplinary

Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

409

Magnetic and transport properties of multilayer nanoscale antidot arrays C. C. Wang and A. O. Adeyeyea  

E-print Network

Magnetic and transport properties of multilayer nanoscale antidot arrays C. C. Wang and A. O to the interplay of different interlayer coupling mechanisms. The transport properties of the antidot arrays typically show a superposition of anisotropic and giant magnetoresistance effects, and the relative

Adeyeye, Adekunle

410

Magnetoresistance behavior of nanoscale antidot arrays C. C. Wang and A. O. Adeyeye*  

E-print Network

Magnetoresistance behavior of nanoscale antidot arrays C. C. Wang and A. O. Adeyeye* Information arrays fabricated using deep ultraviolet lithography. Magnetotransport measurements have been shown-field sloping behavior of the magnetoresistance MR . The effect of antidot film thickness for fixed lateral

Adeyeye, Adekunle

411

Multimodel Ensemble Reconstruction of Drought over the Continental United States AIHUI WANG* AND THEODORE J. BOHN  

E-print Network

Multimodel Ensemble Reconstruction of Drought over the Continental United States AIHUI WANG/hydrological models was used to reconstruct drought events over the continental United States for the period 1920 drought severities and durations. An ensemble method, based on an inverse mapping of the average

412

Z Approach to Semantic Web Jin Song Dong, Jing Sun, and Hai Wang  

E-print Network

Z Approach to Semantic Web Jin Song Dong, Jing Sun, and Hai Wang School of Computing, National University of Singapore, {dongjs,sunjing,wangh}@comp.nus.edu.sg Abstract. The Semantic Web (SW) service contribute to the Semantic Web-based system de- velopment in many ways. In this paper, we firstly conduct

Dong, Jin Song

413

Conodont index fossil Hindeodus changxingensis Wang fingers greatest mass extinction event  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marine conodont fossil species, Hindeodus changxingensis Wang, that has a distinctive morphology, is restricted to a very narrow stratigraphic interval essentially from the PermianTriassic extinction event through the internationally recognized boundary and into the very earliest Triassic. The species is geographically widespread in the Tethyan Region, from Italy to South China, and serves as a characteristic index fossil to

I. Metcalfe; R. S. Nicoll; B. R. Wardlaw

2007-01-01

414

Estimating the Evaporative Cooling Bias of an Airborne Reverse Flow Thermometer YONGGANG WANG AND BART GEERTS  

E-print Network

Estimating the Evaporative Cooling Bias of an Airborne Reverse Flow Thermometer YONGGANG WANG sensor evaporative cooling as the aircraft exits a cloud. Numerous penetrations of cumulus clouds cloud. Such bias is expected, due to evaporative cooling as well. Evaporation from the wetted sensor

Geerts, Bart

415

Flow of Fiber-Reinforced Cement Slurries at Elevated Temperatures Y. Wang and C. Meyer  

E-print Network

Flow of Fiber-Reinforced Cement Slurries at Elevated Temperatures Y. Wang and C. Meyer Dept. of Civil Eng. and Eng. Mech., Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA Abstract Cement slurries for a constant pressure drop of a fiber-reinforced cement slurry through an eccentric annulus at elevated

Meyer, Christian

416

FlowTrust: Trust Inference with Network Flows Guojun Wang and Jie Wu  

E-print Network

to some unresolved issues, such as trust, security, and privacy. Trust, in social networks, mainly studies a wider acceptance by many users due to some unresolved issues, such as trust, security, and privacy. WeFlowTrust: Trust Inference with Network Flows Guojun Wang and Jie Wu ! Abstract--Web-based social

Wu, Jie

417

Wind climatology of Schiphol Andrew Stepek, Xueli Wang and Dirk Wolters  

E-print Network

Wind climatology of Schiphol Andrew Stepek, Xueli Wang and Dirk Wolters De Bilt, May 2012 #12;2 Contents Summary 2 Introduction 3 Data 3 Hourly wind measurements 3 Yearly averages of wind speed measurements 4 Quality and sources of error 6 Method 7 Trends in wind speed 7 Definition of cross and tail wind

Haak, Hein

418

China's grazed temperate grasslands are a net source of atmospheric methane Zhi-Ping Wang a  

E-print Network

China's grazed temperate grasslands are a net source of atmospheric methane Zhi-Ping Wang a , Yang that ruminant production has converted China's grazed temperate grasslands to a net source of atmospheric CH4 warming potential about 25-fold greater than that of CO2 over 100 years (IPCC, 2007). Upland grassland

Yu, Qiang

419

The Solar Wind in the Outer Heliosphere at Solar John D. Richardson and Chi Wang  

E-print Network

The Solar Wind in the Outer Heliosphere at Solar Maximum John D. Richardson and Chi Wang Center solar wind observations in the outer heliosphere, concentrating on the recent data near solar maximum-absence of a latitudinal speed gradient at solar maximum allows us to measure the speed decrease of the solar wind and nd

Richardson, John

420

Low TCF Lithium Tantalate Contour Mode Renyuan Wang and Sunil A. Bhave  

E-print Network

Low TCF Lithium Tantalate Contour Mode Resonators Renyuan Wang and Sunil A. Bhave OxideMEMS Lab) using Lithium Tantalate (LT). Exploiting the inherent low temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF a promising candidate for oscillator applications. Keywords--Lithium Tantalate, contour mode resonator, low

Afshari, Ehsan

421

Thin-film Lithium Niobate Contour-mode Resonators Renyuan Wang and Sunil A. Bhave  

E-print Network

Thin-film Lithium Niobate Contour-mode Resonators Renyuan Wang and Sunil A. Bhave School Micro Devices, Inc. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA Abstract--This paper presents Lithium Niobate (LN this platform, we demonstrate, on a black Y136 cut Lithium Niobate thin-film, one-port high-order width

Afshari, Ehsan

422

Sensor Relocation in Mobile Sensor Networks Guiling Wang, Guohong Cao, Tom La Porta, and Wensheng Zhang  

E-print Network

Sensor Relocation in Mobile Sensor Networks Guiling Wang, Guohong Cao, Tom La Porta, and Wensheng of research on using mobility in sensor networks to assist in the initial deployment of nodes. Mobile sensors nodes such as small size and low cost, sensor networks [10], [13], [15], [17], [1] have become adopted

Zhang, Wensheng

423

Open-Framework and Microporous Vanadium Silicates Xiqu Wang, Lumei Liu, and Allan J. Jacobson*  

E-print Network

Open-Framework and Microporous Vanadium Silicates Xiqu Wang, Lumei Liu, and Allan J. Jacobson 8, 2002 Abstract: A series of novel vanadium silicates with open-framework and microporous on vanadium metal silicates because they are expected to show better thermal and hydro- thermal stability than

Wang, Xiqu

424

Integrated Learning Environment for Smart Grid Security Kewen Wang, Yi Pan, Wen-Zhan Song  

E-print Network

Integrated Learning Environment for Smart Grid Security Kewen Wang, Yi Pan, Wen-Zhan Song-- Cyber Security of smart grids becomes more and more important to our everyday life for its wide of this important area. We believe that simulation systems designed for research purposes in the smart grid security

Wang, Weichao

425

SECURITY OF SMART GRID Weichao Wang (UNCC), Yi Pan (Georgia State),  

E-print Network

SECURITY OF SMART GRID Weichao Wang (UNCC), Yi Pan (Georgia State), Wenzhan Song (Georgia State) and Le Xie (Texas A&M) NSF SFS Project Team on "Integrated Learning Environment for Smart Grid Security". #12;ORGANIZATION OF THE PRESENTATION Introduction to Smart Grid Security requirements Security

Wang, Weichao

426

Tradeoffs in SLAM with sparse information Zhan Wang, Shoudong Huang, and Gamini Dissanayake  

E-print Network

.3 approximate ESEIF [5] 2N+3 Yes Yes approximate D-SLAM [6] 2N Yes Yes exact Table 1. A summary of sparse, Exactly Sparse Extended Information Filter (ESEIF) by Walter et al. [5] and the D-SLAM by Wang et al. [6, as shown in the Exactly Sparse Delayed State Filter (ESDSF) [4]. Very recently, two SLAM algorithms, which

Boyer, Edmond

427

Autonomy in Human-Robot Team Control Jijun Wang and Michael Lewis,  

E-print Network

Autonomy in Human-Robot Team Control Jijun Wang and Michael Lewis, School of Information Sciences University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA Human control of multiple robots has been characterized by the average demand of single robots on human attention or the distribution of demands from multiple robots

Lewis, Michael

428

Optimal control of robot behaviour using language Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo Fu  

E-print Network

Optimal control of robot behaviour using language measure1 Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo presents optimal control of robot behaviour in the discrete event setting. Real signed measure of the language of supervised robot behaviour serves as the performance index for synthesis of the optimal policy

Ray, Asok

429

c 2007 by Shun Wang. All rights reserved. KRYLOV SUBSPACE METHODS FOR TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION ON ADAPTIVE  

E-print Network

c 2007 by Shun Wang. All rights reserved. #12;KRYLOV SUBSPACE METHODS FOR TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION-conditioning in the linear systems in three ways, namely rescaling, recycling, and preconditioning. First, we show in the linear system from one optimization step to the next are relatively small. Therefore, recycling

Paulino, Glaucio H.

430

Dynamic Transition Theory for Thermohaline Circulation Shouhong Wang (joint with Tian Ma)  

E-print Network

Dynamic Transition Theory for Thermohaline Circulation Shouhong Wang (joint with Tian Ma) Supported. One important source of such LFV is the thermohaline circulation (THC). There have been extensive Dynamics: thermohaline circulation, ENSO (a new oscillation theory of ENSO), .... 3 #12;Our philosophy

Wang, Shouhong

431

EyePhone: Activating Mobile Phones With Your Eyes Emiliano Miluzzo, Tianyu Wang, Andrew T. Campbell  

E-print Network

EyePhone: Activating Mobile Phones With Your Eyes Emiliano Miluzzo, Tianyu Wang, Andrew T. Campbell are studying new tech- niques to ease the human-mobile interaction. We propose EyePhone, a novel "hand and actions (e.g., wink). EyePhone tracks the user's eye movement across the phone's display using the camera

Campbell, Andrew T.

432

Proposal for Direct Measurement of Topological Invariants in Optical Lattices Lei Wang,1,2  

E-print Network

setup or data analysis, remains open. In this Letter, we tackle the problem of detecting topo- logicalProposal for Direct Measurement of Topological Invariants in Optical Lattices Lei Wang,1,2 Alexey A for classifying the topology of band structures realized in optical lattices, based on a generalization

Wang, Wei Hua

433

Rapid Filamentation Zone in a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone* YUQING WANG  

E-print Network

Rapid Filamentation Zone in a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone* YUQING WANG International) outside of the primary eyewall of a tropical cyclone observed in radar images. By this mechanism, the moat to test the hypothesis in a full-physics tropical cyclone model under idealized conditions and to extend

Wang, Yuqing

434

Modeling tides in Monterey Bay, California Xiaochun Wang a,b  

E-print Network

Modeling tides in Monterey Bay, California Xiaochun Wang a,b , Yi Chao a,?, Changming Dong c , John October 2008 Keywords: Monterey Bay Barotropic tides Baroclinic tides Modeling Energy flux High-frequency radar a b s t r a c t In the process of developing a tide-permitting coastal ocean forecasting system

Dong, Changming "Charles"

435

Learn from Web Search Logs to Organize Search Results Xuanhui Wang  

E-print Network

and Subject Descriptors: H.3.3 [Informa- tion Search and Retrieval]: Clustering, Search process General TermsLearn from Web Search Logs to Organize Search Results Xuanhui Wang Department of Computer Science Effective organization of search results is critical for improv- ing the utility of any search engine

Zhai, ChengXiang

436

Whole-Body Trajectory Optimization for Humanoid Falling Jiuguang Wang, Eric C. Whitman and Mike Stilman  

E-print Network

-body trajectories for humanoid robots in order to minimize damage due to falling. In this work, the falling problemWhole-Body Trajectory Optimization for Humanoid Falling Jiuguang Wang, Eric C. Whitman and Mike to the full-body dynamics and constraints of the robot in joint space. We extend previous work in this domain

437

Modeling and Simulation of Transient Winds in Downbursts/Hurricanes Lijuan Wang, Ahsan Kareem  

E-print Network

Modeling and Simulation of Transient Winds in Downbursts/Hurricanes Lijuan Wang, Ahsan Kareem Nat-stationarity and localization of energetics in the transient wind fields have posed difficulty in proper mod- eling the evolutionary fea- tures of these wind fields by offering schemes for their modeling and simulation

Kareem, Ahsan

438

A Bayesian inference approach to the inverse heat conduction problem Jingbo Wang and Nicholas Zabaras1  

E-print Network

A Bayesian inference approach to the inverse heat conduction problem Jingbo Wang and Nicholas inference approach is presented for the solution of the inverse heat conduction problem. The posterior inverse heat conduction examples are presented to demonstrate the potential of the MCMC-based Bayesian

Zabaras, Nicholas J.

439

E#cient and Accurate Ethernet Simulation Jia Wang # and Srinivasan Keshav  

E-print Network

detection. Then, we describe an e#cient distributed simulation model, called Fast Ethernet SimulationE#cient and Accurate Ethernet Simulation Jia Wang # and Srinivasan Keshav Cornell Network Research#erent applications and users. A practical problem in doing so is that although Ethernet is one of the hops for nearly

440

Fast Transparent Cluster-Wide Paging Michael R. Hines, Jian Wang, Mark Lewandowski, and Kartik Gopalan  

E-print Network

Fast Transparent Cluster-Wide Paging Michael R. Hines, Jian Wang, Mark Lewandowski, and Kartik it deserves. With the advent of highly affordable commodity gigabit Ethernet switches in the market, we examine the feasibility and advantages of using gigabit Ethernet to perform fully distributed remote

Wang, Jian

441

ROUGH THIN PAVEMENT THICKNESS ESTIMATION BY GPR N. Pinel, L. Liu, C. Bourlier, Y. Wang  

E-print Network

ROUGH THIN PAVEMENT THICKNESS ESTIMATION BY GPR N. Pinel, L. Liu, C. Bourlier, Y. Wang IREENA pavements consider flat interfaces for simpli- fication. In this paper, the roughness of the surfaces is taken into account. First, the amplitudes of the first two echoes from the rough thin pavement

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

442

Congestion-aware Path Selection for Tor Tao Wang, Kevin Bauer, Clara Forero, and Ian Goldberg  

E-print Network

Congestion-aware Path Selection for Tor Tao Wang, Kevin Bauer, Clara Forero, and Ian Goldberg,ciforero,iang}@cs.uwaterloo.ca ABSTRACT Tor, an anonymity network formed by volunteer nodes, uses the estimated bandwidth of the nodes degrade the network's performance, discourage Tor adoption, and consequently reduce the size of Tor

Goldberg, Ian

443

Congestion-aware Path Selection for Tor Tao Wang, Kevin Bauer, Clara Forero, and Ian Goldberg  

E-print Network

Congestion-aware Path Selection for Tor Tao Wang, Kevin Bauer, Clara Forero, and Ian Goldberg,ciforero,iang}@cs.uwaterloo.ca Abstract. Tor, an anonymity network formed by volunteer nodes, uses the estimated bandwidth of the nodes degrade the network's per- formance, discourage Tor adoption, and consequently reduce the size of Tor

Goldberg, Ian

444

Chaotic Spin-Wave Solitons in Magnetic Film Feedback Rings Zihui Wang,1  

E-print Network

-generation of a single spin-wave soliton pulse in the ring. When the pulse circulates in the ring, its amplitude varies are the signatures of a soliton. The overall time-domain signal resulting from the circulation of the pulse showsChaotic Spin-Wave Solitons in Magnetic Film Feedback Rings Zihui Wang,1 Aaron Hagerstrom,1 Justin Q

445

First description of the female of Sinopoda serrata (Wang, 1990) (Araneae, Sparassidae)  

PubMed Central

Abstract The female of Sinopoda serrata (Wang, 1990) is described for the first time from Tiantangzhai National Forest Park, Hubei province, China. This species has been recorded from the region of Central China. Morphological descriptions and illustrations of this species are given. PMID:23950691

Quan, Dan; Chen, Jian; Liu, Jie

2013-01-01

446

INTRODUCTION TO SMART GRID Weichao Wang (UNCC), Yi Pan (Georgia State),  

E-print Network

and rural areas · Smart grid applications include AMI, real-time SCADA substation control, distributionINTRODUCTION TO SMART GRID Weichao Wang (UNCC), Yi Pan (Georgia State), Wenzhan Song (Georgia State) and Le Xie (Texas A&M) NSF SFS Project Team on "Integrated Learning Environment for Smart Grid Security

Wang, Weichao

447

ISP Uplink Pricing in a Competitive Market Qian Wang Dah Ming Chiu  

E-print Network

ISP Uplink Pricing in a Competitive Market Qian Wang Dah Ming Chiu Department of Information manage their network resources. We explore the idea of uplink pricing as a way to provide differential pricing to P2P and regular users. In particular, we formulate a simple economic model to analyze under

Lui, John C.S.

448

Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1  

E-print Network

Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F of Florida 3 Lab. of Neuro Imaging and Brain Research Institute, UCLA School of Medicine 4 Department@math.harvard.edu Abstract Brain surface conformal mapping research has been successful and this motivates our more general

Thompson, Paul

449

M-FISH IMAGE REGISTRATION AND CLASSIFICATION Yu-Ping Wang  

E-print Network

M-FISH IMAGE REGISTRATION AND CLASSIFICATION Yu-Ping Wang School of Computing and Engineering hybridization (M-FISH) imaging is a recently developed cytogenetic technique for cancer diagnosis and research on genetic disorders. By simultaneously viewing the multiple-labeled specimens in different color channels, M-FISH

Poirazi, Yiota

450

Converge-Cast with MIMO Luoyi Fu, Yi Qin, Xinbing Wang  

E-print Network

Converge-Cast with MIMO Luoyi Fu, Yi Qin, Xinbing Wang Dept. of Electronic Engineering Shanghai investigates throughput and delay based on a newly predominant traffic pattern, called converge-cast, where schemes under converge-cast for both static and mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), respectively. In a static

Wang, Xinbing

451

HUMAN BODY POSTURE REFINEMENT BY NONPARAMETRIC BELIEF PROPAGATION Ruixuan Wang and Wee Kheng Leow  

E-print Network

HUMAN BODY POSTURE REFINEMENT BY NONPARAMETRIC BELIEF PROPAGATION Ruixuan Wang and Wee Kheng Leow. {wangruix, leowwk}@comp.nus.edu.sg ABSTRACT Accurate human body posture refinement from single or multi- ple. Two main causes of difficulty to solve the refinement problem are high degree freedom of human body

Leow, Wee Kheng

452

Challenge and Opportunities in Urban Meteorology Research and Forecast* WANG YingChun 1  

E-print Network

Challenge and Opportunities in Urban Meteorology Research and Forecast* WANG YingChun 1 , LI Ju1 and WU Dui7 (1.Institute of Urban Meteorology, Beijing 100089, China; 2. National Center for Atmospheric and Technology, Hong Kong, China; 5.Nanjing University, Nanjing, China; 6. Chinese Academy of Meteorological

Niyogi, Dev

453

Diffusive void bifurcation in stressed solid Z. SW and W. Wang  

E-print Network

Diffusive void bifurcation in stressed solid Z. SW and W. Wang Mechanical and Environmental diffusion under residual stress, electric current, and elevated temperature. As atoms diffuse, voids nucleate, drift, and enlarge. At some point, the voids of rounded shape can collapse to narrow slits

Suo, Zhigang

454

An Example in Kleisli: Codon Usage Extraction Made Easy Jiren Wang and Limsoon Wong  

E-print Network

An Example in Kleisli: Codon Usage Extraction Made Easy Jiren Wang and Limsoon Wong Bio,limsoong@krdl.org.sg 19 March 1999 Codon usage information was useful to many molecular biologists in designing from public DNA sequence databases and could com­ pute their codon usage. Second, we wanted

Wong, Limsoon

455

STEGANALYSIS OF BLOCK-DCT IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY Ying Wang and Pierre Moulin  

E-print Network

STEGANALYSIS OF BLOCK-DCT IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY Ying Wang and Pierre Moulin University of Illinois Block-DCT based information embedding methods intro- duce distinctive non-stationarities into the stego domain and discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients modification [1]. Conversely, the goal

Moulin, Pierre

456

Power Attack: An Increasing Threat to Data Centers Zhang Xu Haining Wang  

E-print Network

Power Attack: An Increasing Threat to Data Centers Zhang Xu Haining Wang Department of Computer of servers being deployed in data centers, the data center power distribution systems have already approached peak capacities. Since the upgrades of the power systems are extremely expensive, power

Wang, Haining

457

Generation and Propagation of Inertia Gravity Waves from Vortex Dipoles and Jets Shuguang Wang  

E-print Network

Generation and Propagation of Inertia Gravity Waves from Vortex Dipoles and Jets Shuguang Wang, University Park, PA 16802. Email: fzhang@psu.edu #12;1 Abstract This study investigates gravity wave stratified atmosphere. Within these dipoles, inertia-gravity waves with intrinsic frequencies 1-2 times

458

RFID-Based 3-D Positioning Schemes Chong Wang, Hongyi Wu, and Nian-Feng Tzeng  

E-print Network

RFID-Based 3-D Positioning Schemes Chong Wang, Hongyi Wu, and Nian-Feng Tzeng Abstract-- This research focuses on RFID-based 3-D position- ing schemes, aiming to locate an object in a 3-dimensional space, with reference to a predetermined arbitrary coordinates system, by using RFID tags and readers

Wu, Hongyi

459

RFID Support for Accurate 3D Localization Jullawadee Maneesilp, Chong Wang, Hongyi Wu, Member, IEEE, and  

E-print Network

RFID Support for Accurate 3D Localization Jullawadee Maneesilp, Chong Wang, Hongyi Wu, Member, IEEE, and Nian-Feng Tzeng, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--This paper pursues RFID support for localization, aiming to pinpoint an object in 3D space. Given a set of RFID tags and/or readers deployed as reference points

Wu, Hongyi

460

Wang, Lakes, Butenhoff 1 Influence of Cell Size on Re-Entrant Transformation  

E-print Network

's Ratio Reticulated Polyurethane Foams Yun-Che Wang , Roderic Lakes ¶, and Amanda Butenhoff Department's ratio reticulated polyurethane foams", adapted from Cellular Polymers, 20, 373-385, (2001). Abstract Several foams of different cell-size, including Scott Industrial polyurethane foam with large cells (20

Lakes, Roderic

461

Low Temperature Molding for High Space Coverage Microlens Arrays Kerwin Wang, Karl F. Bhringer  

E-print Network

Low Temperature Molding for High Space Coverage Microlens Arrays Kerwin Wang, Karl F. Böhringer presents SF6/O2 plasma lens-mold- etching and low-temperature-molding to produce 100% coverage microlens] as master-molds. Then, we present low-temperature direct and indirect microlens-molding processes, shown

462

Calling cards for DNA-binding proteins Haoyi Wang, Mark Johnston, and Robi David Mitra1  

E-print Network

Calling cards for DNA-binding proteins Haoyi Wang, Mark Johnston, and Robi David Mitra1 Department to Sir4 directs insertion of Ty5 into the genome near where it binds; the Ty5 becomes a "calling card" the DNA-binding protein leaves behind in the genome. We constructed customized calling cards for seven

Mitra, Rob

463

Toward Securing Sensor Clouds Apu Kapadia, Steven Myers, XiaoFeng Wang and Geoffrey Fox  

E-print Network

with the low-cost computing re- sources offered by today's cloud computing systems. To- day's cloud can already be accomplished on Amazon's Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) at an expense as low as 10 cents per CPU hour. So farToward Securing Sensor Clouds Apu Kapadia, Steven Myers, XiaoFeng Wang and Geoffrey Fox School

464

Breaking POET Authentication with a Single Query Jian Guo, Jeremy Jean, Thomas Peyrin, and Lei Wang  

E-print Network

Breaking POET Authentication with a Single Query Jian Guo, J´er´emy Jean, Thomas Peyrin, and Lei Technological University, Singapore {guojian,JJean,Thomas.Peyrin,Wang.Lei}@ntu.edu.sg Abstract. In this short article, we describe a very practical and simple attack on the au- thentication part of POET authenticated

465

Single Step Channeling in Glass Interior by Femtosecond Laser Panjawat Kongsuwan, Hongliang Wang, Y. Lawrence Yao  

E-print Network

Single Step Channeling in Glass Interior by Femtosecond Laser Panjawat Kongsuwan, Hongliang Wang, Y inside a transparent material, glass, by femtosecond laser was performed by using a single step process microchannels embedded in glass using femtosecond laser. The first strategy employs femtosecond laser direct

Yao, Y. Lawrence

466

Thermal Memory: A Storage of Phononic Information Lei Wang1,2  

E-print Network

Thermal Memory: A Storage of Phononic Information Lei Wang1,2 and Baowen Li2,3,* 1 Department, Republic of Singapore (Received 25 August 2008; published 29 December 2008) Memory is an indispensible element for a computer in addition to logic gates. In this Letter we report a model of thermal memory. We

Li, Baowen

467

DNA Packaging in Bacteriophage: Is Twist Important? Andrew James Spakowitz and Zhen-Gang Wang  

E-print Network

DNA Packaging in Bacteriophage: Is Twist Important? Andrew James Spakowitz and Zhen-Gang Wang 91125 ABSTRACT We study the packaging of DNA into a bacteriophage capsid using computer simulation, specifically focusing on the potential impact of twist on the final packaged conformation. We perform two

Straight, Aaron

468

DISTRIBUTION PRODUCT PACKAGING TO MAXIMIZE NET REVENUE Bruce X. Wang1  

E-print Network

DISTRIBUTION PRODUCT PACKAGING TO MAXIMIZE NET REVENUE Bruce X. Wang1 , Yihua Li2 and Kai Yin1 1 packaging and distribution problem in which a distribution center of a chain store selects from a large number of available products (e.g. DVDs) a subset to combine into packages to distribute to its local

Wang, Bruce

469

Foveated Image and Video Coding Zhou Wang and Alan C. Bovik  

E-print Network

Foveated Image and Video Coding Zhou Wang and Alan C. Bovik The human visual system (HVS) is highly of fixation. By taking advantage of this phenomenon, foveated image and video coding systems achieve increased. This chapter has three major purposes. The first is to introduce the back- ground of the foveation feature

Wang, Zhou

470

Live Gang Migration of Virtual Machines Umesh Deshpande, Xiaoshuang Wang, and, Kartik Gopalan  

E-print Network

Live Gang Migration of Virtual Machines Umesh Deshpande, Xiaoshuang Wang, and, Kartik Gopalan VMs as live gang migration. Cluster administrators may often need to perform live gang migration that our prototype for live gang mi- gration can achieve significant reductions in both network traffic

Gopalan, Kartik

471

Magneto-resistance in a lithography defined single constrained domain wall Yudong Wang,1  

E-print Network

pad of the spin-valve, and the right domain 200 ? 400 nm2 is a switchable pad. layer was thermallyMagneto-resistance in a lithography defined single constrained domain wall spin valve Yudong Wang,1- figurations that are expected from a spin valve-like structure. The value of the magneto-resistance at room

Southampton, University of

472

Leveraging Features and Networks for Probabilistic Tensor Decomposition Piyush Rai, Yingjian Wang, Lawrence Carin  

E-print Network

ubiquitous in the era of big data. Multiway tensor data (Kolda and Bader 2009; Acar and Yener 2009, and a user-user social network (Fig 1 (a)). Leveraging such addi- tional sources of information can leadLeveraging Features and Networks for Probabilistic Tensor Decomposition Piyush Rai, Yingjian Wang

Carin, Lawrence

473

Direct and indirect requirements of Shh/Gli signaling in early pituitary development Yiwei Wang a  

E-print Network

, proliferation and differentiation. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Introduction The pituitary gland; Wu et al., 1998). Development of the pituitary gland requires extensive interactions betweenDirect and indirect requirements of Shh/Gli signaling in early pituitary development Yiwei Wang

474

Who is Tweeting on Twitter: Human, Bot, or Cyborg? Zi Chu, Steven Gianvecchio and Haining Wang  

E-print Network

Who is Tweeting on Twitter: Human, Bot, or Cyborg? Zi Chu, Steven Gianvecchio and Haining Wang, VA 22030, USA jajodia@gmu.edu ABSTRACT Twitter is a new web application playing dual roles of online- grams, known as bots, which appear to be a double-edged sword to Twitter. Legitimate bots generate

Wang, Haining

475

PosPush: A Highly Accurate Location-based Information Delivery System Zhao Junhui, Wang Yongcai  

E-print Network

PosPush: A Highly Accurate Location-based Information Delivery System Zhao Junhui, Wang Yongcai NECPush, a highly accurate location-based information delivery system, which utilizes the high-resolution 3D based Information Delivery (LIDS), most of them are based on very coarse location data to provide

Wang, Yongcai

476

COUPLING BINARY MASKING AND ROBUST ASR Arun Narayanan and DeLiang Wang  

E-print Network

COUPLING BINARY MASKING AND ROBUST ASR Arun Narayanan and DeLiang Wang Department of Computer by estimating the ideal binary mask (IBM), which identifies speech dominant and noise dominant units in a time binary masking. Pre- vious systems perform these steps in a sequential fashion ­ separa- tion followed

Wang, DeLiang "Leon"

477

Commentary: A Closer Look at Task Analysis--Reactions to Wang, Schnipke, and Witt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Spring 2005 issue, Wang, Schnipke, and Witt provided an informative description of the task inventory approach that centered on four functions of job analysis. The discussion included persuasive arguments for making systematic connections between tasks and KSAs. But several other facets of the discussion were much less persuasive. This

LaDuca, Tony

2006-01-01

478

Generation and Propagation of InertiaGravity Waves from Vortex Dipoles and Jets SHUGUANG WANG*  

E-print Network

Generation and Propagation of Inertia­Gravity Waves from Vortex Dipoles and Jets SHUGUANG WANG) ABSTRACT This study investigates gravity wave generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex, geostrophic adjust- ment, and spontaneous generation (Fritts and Alexander 2003, and references therein

479

Dynamic Layer Instantiation as a Service Flavio Esposito Yuefeng Wang Ibrahim Matta John Day  

E-print Network

Dynamic Layer Instantiation as a Service Flavio Esposito§ Yuefeng Wang§ Ibrahim Matta§ John Day Internet architecture is the inability of a higher layer to request the service it requires from the lower layer. This inability, together with the desire to offer virtualized network services, have compounded

Matta, Abraham "Ibrahim"

480

Against Spyware Using CAPTCHA in Graphical Password Scheme Liming Wang, Xiuling Chang, Zhongjie Ren,  

E-print Network

Against Spyware Using CAPTCHA in Graphical Password Scheme Liming Wang, Xiuling Chang, Zhongjie Ren of these alternate schemes are vulnerable to spyware attacks. We propose a new scheme, using CAPTCHA (Completely in the future work. Keywords: graphical password; CAPTCHA; spyware; authentication I. INTRODUCTION A key area

Aickelin, Uwe

481

Discovering Calendar-based Temporal Association Rules Yingjiu Li Peng Ning X. Sean Wang Sushil Jajodia  

E-print Network

Discovering Calendar-based Temporal Association Rules£ Yingjiu Li Peng Ning X. Sean Wang Sushil-given calendar schemas. Generally, the use of calendar schemas makes the discovered temporal association rules easier to under- stand. An example of calendar schema is (year, month, day), which yields a set

Wang, Xiaoyang "Sean"

482

Cloud Computing: a Perspective Study Lizhe WANG, Gregor von LASZEWSKI, Younge ANDREW, Xi HE  

E-print Network

Cloud Computing: a Perspective Study Lizhe WANG, Gregor von LASZEWSKI, Younge ANDREW, Xi HE Service@ntu.edu.sg Received 1 Dec 2008 Abstract The Cloud computing emerges as a new computing paradigm which aims to provide study the Cloud computing paradigm from various aspects, such as definitions, distinct features

483

Neighbor Discovery for Ultraviolet Ad Hoc Yiyang Li, Leijie Wang, Zhengyuan Xu, and Srikanth V. Krishnamurthy  

E-print Network

recently considered as a viable alternative to their RF counterparts [1]. While intense solar radiationNeighbor Discovery for Ultraviolet Ad Hoc Networks Yiyang Li, Leijie Wang, Zhengyuan Xu, and Srikanth V. Krishnamurthy Abstract--The solar blind ultraviolet (UV) scattering channel makes non

Krishnamurthy, Srikanth

484

Zheng, Wang, Nihan, and Hallenbeck 1 Detecting Cycle Failures at Signalized Intersections Using Video Image Processing  

E-print Network

Video Image Processing Jianyang Zheng Research Assistant Box 352700 Department of Civil detection using video image processing. A cycle failure for a particular movement occurs when at least one.9% of the total cycles tested. #12;Zheng, Wang, Nihan, and Hallenbeck 3 1 INTRODUCTION Performance evaluation

Wang, Yinhai

485

Compiling for the Impulse Memory Controller Xianglong Huang Zhenlin Wang Kathryn S. McKinley  

E-print Network

Compiling for the Impulse Memory Controller Xianglong Huang Zhenlin Wang Kathryn S. Mc.umass.edu ABSTRACT The Impulse memory controller provides an interface for remap­ ping irregular or sparse memory present compiler cost models using dependence and locality analysis that determine when to use Impulse

Utah, University of

486

POP MUSIC BEAT DETECTION IN THE HUFFMAN CODED DOMAIN Jia Zhu and Ye Wang  

E-print Network

of almost equally spaced phenomenal impulses which define the tempo of the music [7]. Automatic beatPOP MUSIC BEAT DETECTION IN THE HUFFMAN CODED DOMAIN Jia Zhu and Ye Wang Department of Computer beat detection, computation time 1. INTRODUCTION The beat of a piece of pop music is the sequence

Wang, Ye

487

A Neural Network Approach to Ordinal Regression Jianlin Cheng, Zheng Wang, and Gianluca Pollastri  

E-print Network

, the response variables (categories) in ordinal regression is discrete and finite. The research of ordinalA Neural Network Approach to Ordinal Regression Jianlin Cheng, Zheng Wang, and Gianluca Pollastri Abstract-- Ordinal regression is an important type of learning, which has properties of both classification

Cheng, Jianlin Jack

488

STUDY OF H JETS ON THE QUIET SUN HAIMIN WANG1  

E-print Network

STUDY OF Hæ JETS ON THE QUIET SUN HAIMIN WANG1 , ANDERS JOHANNESSON2 , MIKE STAGE2 , CHIKYIN LEE1; accepted 17 June 1997) Abstract. High-speed jets of solar quiet regions have been observed at Big Bear macrospicules, we have also obtained time sequences of Hæ center-line images at the limb. These images

489

Physiological Studies of Recombinant Protein Production in Escherichia Kai Wang, Dr. R. Mark Worden  

E-print Network

and protein synthesis into one flux Reactions GLC G6P F6P GAP 3PDGL PEP PYR AcCoA AC OA KG SUC SUCCoA FUM RL5PPhysiological Studies of Recombinant Protein Production in Escherichia coli Kai Wang, Dr. R. Mark is gratefully acknowledged. Introduction · Recombinant protein expression in E. coli is often unpredictable

490

Electrostatic Regulation of Genome Packaging in Human Hepatitis B Virus Zhen-Gang Wang,  

E-print Network

Electrostatic Regulation of Genome Packaging in Human Hepatitis B Virus Tao Jiang, Zhen-Gang Wang, California ABSTRACT Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a contagious human pathogen causing liver diseases-termini. INTRODUCTION Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a pararetrovirus responsible for up to 80% of all cases

Wu, Jianzhong

491

The Multi-Principal OS Construction of the Gazelle Web Browser Helen J. Wang  

E-print Network

The Multi-Principal OS Construction of the Gazelle Web Browser Helen J. Wang , Chris Grier. In this paper, we introduce Gazelle, a secure web browser constructed as a multi-principal OS. Gazelle's browser-principal OS con- struction of a secure web browser, called Gazelle. Gazelle's browser kernel exclusively

Hunt, Galen

492

Nanoporous gallium nitride square microtubes Yucheng Lan Hui Wang Feng Lin  

E-print Network

Nanoporous gallium nitride square microtubes Yucheng Lan · Hui Wang · Feng Lin · Yalin Lu · Yang Li / Published online: 23 July 2013 ? Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 Abstract Porous gallium nitride microtubes were self- fabricated from gallium nitride submicron irregular struc- tures

Bao, Jiming

493

An investigation into the stylistic features and principles of the seven-characters-a-line poetry in the Han and Wei Dynasties  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the Han Dynasty gave way to the Wei Dynasty, new views emerged on the practice of metrical compositions in the structural\\u000a transformation of four-character and three-character phrases into expressions that were compounded from shizi ?? (the content word), or could stand alone in the grammatical sense. The research is conducted on the rhythmical correlation\\u000a between the two expressions, which

Xiaoyin Ge

2009-01-01

494

ICS313 Game Demonstrations Mon, April 29 and Wed, May 1, 2013, POST 127, 1:30 pm  

E-print Network

the Alchemist's Adventures (AAA) By Arun Lee and Wei Wang (Wed) UH Manoa: Zombie Apocalypse By Kang-Akamine Co Wang (Wed) UH Manoa: Zombie Apocalypse By Kang-Akamine Co. (Adam Akamine and David Kang) (Wed) Mutant C) #12;Arun the Alchemist's Adventures (AAA) By Arun Lee and Wei Wang (Wed) #12;UH Manoa: Zombie

Reed, Nancy E.

495

Team Competition Pingzhong Tang  

E-print Network

are matched up and how to score them. There are two types of manipulations by a team: Misreporting. Similar examples are the current international team competitions for table tennis (aka Corbillon Cup

Tang, Pingzhong

496

Mineralogical and compositional characteristics of Late Permian coals from an area of high lung cancer rate in Xuan Wei, Yunnan, China: Occurrence and origin of quartz and chamosite  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Some townships in Xuan Wei County, Yunnan Province, have one of the highest lung cancer mortality rates in China and the epidemic disease in the area has generally been attributed to the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) released from domestic coal burning. However, the cancer-causing culprit is not settled as Tian [Tian, L., 2005. Coal Combustion Emissions and Lung Cancer in Xuan Wei, China. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.] found nanometer quartz in these coals, soot emissions, and lung cancer tissues. We have conducted mineralogical and geochemical studies of the coals from Xuan Wei for the purpose of shedding light on the minerals which may be related to the epidemic lung cancer. In this paper, abundances, modes of occurrence, and origins of minerals and elements in the coals from two mines in Xuan Wei have been studied using optical microscope, low-temperature ashing, X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscope equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer, and inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The minerals in the coals are mainly composed of quartz, chamosite, kaolinite, and calcite. The particle size of quartz is rather small, mostly less than 20????m and it is of authigenic origin. Chamosite occurs mainly as cell-fillings. The occurrence of quartz and chamosite indicates that they were derived from the hydrothermal fluids. Epigenetic calcite is derived from calcic fluids. Kaolinite is derived mainly from sediment source region of Kangdian Oldland to the west of coal basin. The composition of Xuan Wei coal is high in SiO2, Fe2O3, TiO2, CaO, MnO, V, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn. The high SiO2 content is attributed to quartz, and the Fe2O3 content to chamosite. The high Mn and low Mg contents in the coal indicate the inputs of hydrothermal fluids. CaO occurs mainly in epigenetic calcite. Elements Ti, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, and rare earth elements were derived from the basaltic rocks at sediment source region. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Dai, S.; Tian, L.; Chou, C.-L.; Zhou, Y.; Zhang, M.; Zhao, L.; Wang, J.; Yang, Z.; Cao, H.; Ren, D.

2008-01-01

497

Making Routers Last Longer with ViAggre Hitesh Ballani, Paul Francis, Tuan Cao and Jia Wang  

E-print Network

1 Making Routers Last Longer with ViAggre Hitesh Ballani, Paul Francis, Tuan Cao and Jia Wang deployment would worsen the situation even more [29]. The increase in the size of the DFZ routing ta- ble has

Keinan, Alon

498

A New Model of Security for Metasystems? Steve J. Chapin, Chenxi Wang, William A. Wulf, Fritz Knabe,  

E-print Network

A New Model of Security for Metasystems? Steve J. Chapin, Chenxi Wang, William A. Wulf, Fritz Knabe, fchapin,cw2e,wulf,knabe,grimshawg@cs.virginia.edu Abstract With the rapid growth of high-speed networking

Grimshaw, Andrew

499

Paradigms of flexible configurations: I-generation and Beijing-punks in Wang Meng, Xu Xing, and Chun Shu  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the contested drama of the epic quest of self-identity through a critical rereading of three works by Beijing writers from three different generations, describing Beijing life during three different time periods: Wang Mengs Kite Streamers (1979), Xu Xings Variations Without a Theme (1985), and Chun Shus Beijing Doll (2001). Wang Mengs protagonists occupy a limited space between

Jing Nie

2010-01-01

500

Spatial-temporal change in precipitation patterns based on the cloud model across the Wei River Basin, China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is of significant importance to investigate the spatial-temporal change in precipitation patterns due to its great effects on droughts, floods, soil erosion and water resource management. A complete investigation of precipitation structure and its distribution pattern based on daily precipitation covering 1960-2005 at 21 meteorological stations in the Wei River Basin has been performed. In order to comprehensively and objectively describe the changing pattern of precipitation, the cloud model is employed to quantitatively analyse the average, uniformity and stability of precipitation. Results indicate the following: (1) the occurrence of different precipitation durations exhibits a positive exponential curve with the decrease in precipitation durations, and 1-3-day events are the predominant precipitation events which have an increasing trend; (2) precipitation and its non-uniformity is increasingly reducing, while its stability increases initially then decreases; (3) mean precipitation reduces from southeast to northwest, and the precipitation of the Guanzhong Plain has a low uniformity and stability due to its location and increasingly intensifying human activities. The cloud model provides a new idea and quantitative measure for the evaluation of the uniformity and stability of precipitation.

Huang, Shengzhi; Hou, Beibei; Chang, Jianxia; Huang, Qiang; Chen, Yutong

2014-05-01