Sample records for tang wei wang

  1. String Similarity Measures and Joins with Synonyms Jiaheng Lu , Chunbin Lin , Wei Wang , Chen Li #, Haiyong Wang

    E-print Network

    Lu, Jiaheng

    String Similarity Measures and Joins with Synonyms Jiaheng Lu , Chunbin Lin , Wei Wang , Chen Li,chunbinlin,why}@ruc.edu.cn, weiw@cse.unsw.edu.au, #chenli@ics.uci.edu ABSTRACT A string similarity measure quantifies

  2. Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Congestion Control Ao Tang Jiantao Wang Steven H. Low

    E-print Network

    -- When heterogeneous congestion control protocols that react to different pricing signals share the same and congestion prices. Often, interesting and counter- intuitive behaviors arise only in a network setting where1 Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Congestion Control Protocols Ao Tang Jiantao Wang Steven H. Low EAS

  3. A Comprehensive Ontology for Knowledge Representation in the Internet of Things Wei Wang, Suparna De

    E-print Network

    Wei, Wang

    A Comprehensive Ontology for Knowledge Representation in the Internet of Things Wei Wang, Suparna-mail: {K.Moessner}@surrey.ac.uk Abstract--Semantic modeling for the Internet of Things has become of a comprehensive description ontology for knowledge representation in the domain of Internet of Things and discuss

  4. Top-k Set Similarity Joins Chuan Xiao Wei Wang Xuemin Lin Haichuan Shang

    E-print Network

    Lin, Xuemin

    Top-k Set Similarity Joins Chuan Xiao Wei Wang Xuemin Lin Haichuan Shang The University of New threshold. In this paper, we study a variant of the similarity join, termed top-k set similarity join. It returns the top-k pairs of records ranked by their similarities, thus eliminating the guess work users

  5. An Integrated Simulation System for Human Factors Study Ying Wang, Wei Zhang

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    An Integrated Simulation System for Human Factors Study Ying Wang, Wei Zhang Department reality hardware/software, the system allows natural human-system and/or human-human interaction the quality of the system design in human factors perspective based on the measurement. It can also

  6. BNL/SNS TECHNICAL NOTE L.F. Wang, D. Raparia and J. Wei

    E-print Network

    -induced multipacting causes the electrons to accumulate inside the vacuum chamber [12, 13]. These electron clouds-ACCELERATOR DEPARTMENT BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY UPTON, NEW YORK 11973 Mechanism of Electron Cloud Clearing with Electrodes #12;1 MECHANISM OF ELECTRON CLOUD CLEARING WITH ELECTRODES L. F. Wang, D. Raparia, and J. Wei

  7. Selection by Recursively Enumerable Sets # Wolfgang Merkle 1 , Frank Stephan 2 , Jason Teutsch 3 , Wei Wang 4 , Yue Yang 2

    E-print Network

    Stephan, Frank

    Selection by Recursively Enumerable Sets # Wolfgang Merkle 1 , Frank Stephan 2 , Jason Teutsch 3 , Wei Wang 4 , Yue Yang 2 1 Institut fË?ur Informatik, UniversitË?at Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany

  8. An N-Terminal EF Hand-like Motif Modulates Ion Transport by Pmr1, the Yeast Ying Wei, Valerie Marchi, Runsheng Wang, and Rajini Rao*

    E-print Network

    Rao, Rajini

    + -ATPase Ying Wei, Valerie Marchi, Runsheng Wang, and Rajini Rao* Department of Physiology, The Johns+ pump activity [Sorin, A., Rosas, G., and Rao, R. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 9895-9901]. Here we show

  9. Dislocation Image Stresses at Free Surfaces by the Finite Element Method Meijie Tang, Guanshui Xu*, Wei Cai, Vasily Bulatov,

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    Dislocation Image Stresses at Free Surfaces by the Finite Element Method Meijie Tang, Guanshui Xu The finite element method has been routinely used to calculate the image stresses of dislocation segments. At the presence of these singularities, both convergence and accuracy of using the finite element method need

  10. Towards A Phoneme Labeled Mandarin Chinese Speech Corpus Hsin-Min Wang, Jen-Wei Kuo, and Hung-Yi Lo

    E-print Network

    Wang, Hsin-Min

    Towards A Phoneme Labeled Mandarin Chinese Speech Corpus Hsin-Min Wang, Jen-Wei Kuo, and Hung-Yi Lo-labeled Mandarin Chinese speech corpus. This paper presents our recent work towards development of such a corpus. Our goal is to label five hours of speech data selected from a Mandarin Chinese broadcast news corpus

  11. Universal dynamics of quantum spin decoherence in a nuclear spin bath Yi-Ya Tian, Pochung Chen, and Daw-Wei Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Daw-Wei

    Universal dynamics of quantum spin decoherence in a nuclear spin bath Yi-Ya Tian, Pochung Chen, and Daw-Wei Wang Physics Department, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30013, Republic systematically investigate the universal spin decoherence dynamics of a localized electron in an arbitrary

  12. Raman spectroscopy of iodine molecules trapped in zeolite crystals Wenhao Guo, Dingdi Wang, Juanmei Hu, Z. K. Tang,a

    E-print Network

    Du, Shengwang

    Raman spectroscopy of iodine molecules trapped in zeolite crystals Wenhao Guo, Dingdi Wang, Juanmei online 26 January 2011 We study the Raman spectroscopy of neutral iodine molecules confined are significantly modified by the confinements from the nanosize channels. An iodine molecule trapped in the AEL

  13. Survival and Aging in the Wild via Residual Demography Hans-Georg Muller1, Jane-Ling Wang1, Wei Yu2, Aurore Delaigle3 and James R. Carey4,5

    E-print Network

    MĂĽller, Hans-Georg

    Survival and Aging in the Wild via Residual Demography Hans-Georg M¨uller1, Jane-Ling Wang1, Wei Yu, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA 4Center for the Economics and Demography of Aging, University of California-mail: mueller@wald.ucdavis.edu 1 #12;Summary Information about the age distribution and survival of wild

  14. Noninvasive Prenatal Measurement of the Fetal Genome H. Christina Fan1,5,*, Wei Gu1,*, Jianbin Wang1, Yair J. Blumenfeld2, Yasser Y. El-Sayed2,

    E-print Network

    Quake, Stephen R.

    majority of prenatal genetic testing requires invasive sampling. Since this poses a risk to the fetus, oneNoninvasive Prenatal Measurement of the Fetal Genome H. Christina Fan1,5,*, Wei Gu1,*, Jianbin Wang outcome due to hazards of the testing process. These issues are not required to be coupled, and it would

  15. Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng, Duoming Wang, Dongxia Shi,

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Guangyu

    Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng: Fabrication of graphene nanostructures is of importance for both investigating their intrinsic physical approach for graphene nanostructures. Compared with conventional lithographic fabrication techniques

  16. Dispersion Simulation and Visualization for Urban Security Feng Qiu Ye Zhao Zhe Fan Xiaoming Wei Haik Lorenz Jianning Wang

    E-print Network

    Mueller, Klaus

    Dispersion Simulation and Visualization for Urban Security Feng Qiu Ye Zhao Zhe Fan Xiaoming Wei to urban secu- rity. In particular, we simulate airborne contaminant propagation in open environments characterized by sky-scrapers and deep urban canyons. Our approach is based on the Multiple Relaxation Time

  17. Curriculum Vitae Dr. Xudong Wang Xudong Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Xudong

    "Nanowire Structured Hybrid Cell for Concurrently Scavenging Solar and Mechanical Energies" J. Am. Chem. Soc. Shi, Xudong Wang "Fundamental study of mechanical energy harvesting using piezoelectric nanostructures Arrays on any Substrate", Adv. Mater., 21 (2009) 2072-2076. 11. Xudong Wang, Y.F. Gao, Y. Wei and Z

  18. Electronic properties and reactivity of Pt-doped carbon nanotubesw Wei Quan Tian,z Lei Vincent Liu and Yan Alexander Wang*

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yan Alexander

    Electronic properties and reactivity of Pt-doped carbon nanotubesw Wei Quan Tian,z Lei Vincent Liu: the electronic properties of nanotubes can be controlled by their diameters with different hybridization effects rapidly due to its potential applications6 in molecular electronics,7 chemical sensor,8 vacuum electronic

  19. Crater Detection Using Bayesian Classifiers and LASSO , Wei Ding2

    E-print Network

    Ding, Wei

    Crater Detection Using Bayesian Classifiers and LASSO Ying Wang1 , Wei Ding2 , Kui Yu1 , Hao Wang1 sub-kilometer craters in planetary images is a challenging task due to their non for this task. The L1-BNC algorithm uses the LASSO method not only to deal with high-dimensional crater features

  20. WANG ET AL. VOL. 7 ' NO. 10 ' 93759383 ' 2013 www.acsnano.org

    E-print Network

    Gong, Xingao

    , 200433, People's Republic of China T he continuing and increasing focus on solar energy Photoelectrochemical Performance Yongcheng Wang, Yue-Yu Zhang, Jing Tang, Haoyu Wu, Ming Xu, Zheng Peng, Xin-Gao Gong

  1. Virginia M. Weis, 1 VIRGINIA MCCULLOUGH WEIS

    E-print Network

    . of Biological Sci., U. Southern California 1991-1993 RESEARCH EMPHASIS Cell and molecular biology of cnidarian-dinoflagellate associations. Reproductive endocrinology of corals PUBLICATIONS (Names in bold are student or postdoctoral trainees) 63. Paxton, C. W., S. K. Davy and V. M. Weis. 2013. Stress and death of cnidarian host cells play

  2. Greg Tang: Making Math Count

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierpont, Katherine

    2006-01-01

    Greg Tang has a resume that could get his foot in the door to a lot of places. A graduate of Harvard with both a B.A. and M.A. in economics, Tang has found success as a business executive, a speechwriter, a software designer and owner of a Tae Kwon Do school. After the publication of his first best-selling book for children, "The Grapes of Math"…

  3. Effect of Ferrihydrite Crystallite Size on Phosphate Adsorption Xiaoming Wang,

    E-print Network

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Effect of Ferrihydrite Crystallite Size on Phosphate Adsorption Reactivity Xiaoming Wang, Wei Li on the adsorption reactivity of phosphate on 2-line to 6-line ferrihydrites was investigated by combining adsorption) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed that the ferrihydrite samples possessed a similar fundamental

  4. Thermal Transistor: Heat Flux Switching and Modulating Wei Chung LO1;4

    E-print Network

    Li, Baowen

    Thermal Transistor: Heat Flux Switching and Modulating Wei Chung LO1;4 , Lei WANG1;2Ă? , and Baowen 117528 (Received January 14, 2008; accepted March 17, 2008; published May 12, 2008) Thermal transistor study systematically one- and two-dimensional thermal transistors. In particular, we show how to improve

  5. Lap Poon Rupert Tang The Dissertation Committee for Lap Poon Rupert Tang

    E-print Network

    Mooney, Raymond J.

    Copyright by Lap Poon Rupert Tang 2003 #12; The Dissertation Committee for Lap Poon Rupert Tang: Applications in Natural Language Processing and Relational Data Mining by Lap Poon Rupert Tang, B. Raymond J. Mooney. I would like to take this opportunity to thank Prem Melville for his assistance on data

  6. 4. Wu, X., Bowers, B., Rao, K., Wei, Q., and Hammer, J.A., III. (1998). Visualization of

    E-print Network

    Ryan, Michael J.

    4. Wu, X., Bowers, B., Rao, K., Wei, Q., and Hammer, J.A., III. (1998). Visualization of melanosome Biol. 143, 1899­1918. 5. Wu, X.S., Rao, K., Zhang, H., Wang, F., Sellers, J.R., Matesic, L.E., Copeland

  7. genomesDrosophilaAdaptive genic evolution in the Shu Fang, Hurng-Yi Wang, Richard R. Hudson, Rasmus Nielsen, Zhu Chen, and Chung-I Wu

    E-print Network

    Nielsen, Rasmus

    Lu*, David A. Turissini*, Shu Fang*, Hurng-Yi Wang*, Richard R. Hudson*, Rasmus Nielsen§ , Zhu ChengenomesDrosophilaAdaptive genic evolution in the Shu Fang, Hurng-Yi Wang, Richard R. Hudson, Rasmus Nielsen, Zhu Chen, and Chung-I Wu Joshua A. Shapiro, Wei Huang, Chenhui Zhang, Melissa J. Hubisz, Jian Lu

  8. INSTANCE-BASED GENERATIVE BIOLOGICAL SHAPE MODELING , Wei Wang1

    E-print Network

    Gordon, Geoffrey J.

    and protein object shapes, in both 2D and 3D. Index Terms-- Generative models, nuclear shape, microscopy inspection, which is often not accurate enough in the real shape space. Third, complex shapes (especially 3D and Robert F. Murphy1,2,3 1 Center for Bioimage Informatics and Department of Biomedical Engineering 2

  9. Fusion Simulation Program (FSP) Xianzhu Tang

    E-print Network

    Fusion Simulation Program (FSP) Xianzhu Tang Los Alamos National Laboratory on behalf for reliable predictive simulation capability for BP/ITER (especially in the US) · Powerful ("Leadership Class") Computational Facilities moving rapidly toward petascale & beyond · Interdisciplinary collaborative experience

  10. A Location Aware Virtual Infrastructure for VANETs Chih-Jye Wang,

    E-print Network

    Chen, Yu

    1 A Location Aware Virtual Infrastructure for VANETs Yu Chen*, Chih-Jye Wang, Wei-Shinn Ku ­ The dynamical network topology is the source of most challenges in VANETs (Vehicle Ad hoc Networks). In urban infrastructure, VANETs, Recognition memory, Location aware information. 1. Introduction Although infrastructure

  11. Transferring a Generic Pedestrian Detector Towards Specific Scenes Meng Wang Wei Li Xiaogang Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Xiaogang

    samples on a graph according to the underlying visual structures of samples. All these considerations are formu- lated under a single objective function called Confidence- Encoded SVM. At the test stage, only). The left is the results of a generic pedestrian detector using HOG+SVM [4]. The right is the results

  12. Quantum Junction Solar Cells Jiang Tang,,

    E-print Network

    To date, the bandgaps of light-absorbing semiconductors making up multijunction solar cells have been quantum dots offer avenues to inexpensive and robust multijunction solar cell architectures. RecentlyQuantum Junction Solar Cells Jiang Tang,, Huan Liu,, David Zhitomirsky,§ Sjoerd Hoogland,§ Xihua

  13. Calendars in Singapore Lee Tang Hwee

    E-print Network

    Aslaksen, Helmer

    1 Calendars in Singapore Lee Tang Hwee An academic exercise presented in partial fulfillment The calendar is an important tool used in time keeping. Without calendars, we would not be able to plan into the future. Without calendars, I probably would not know when this thesis has to be handed in. Since ancient

  14. Supervised Link Prediction Using Multiple Sources Zhengdong Lu, Berkant Savas, Wei Tang, and Inderjit S. Dhillon

    E-print Network

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    to the social network of interest, there are a number of auxiliary social networks and/or derived proximity to the dynamics of a network topology. Understanding the mechanisms by which the social networks evolve problem in social network analysis and modern-day commercial applications such as Facebook and Myspace

  15. Practical Introduction to CUDA and GPU Charlie Tang

    E-print Network

    Anderson, Charles H.

    programmers See pg. 12 Programming Guide C. Tang CUDA and GPU #12;Overview Examples CUDA "All the cool kids synchronization nvcc (CUDA compiler) compiles a .cu file (C program with extended syntax) into host (CPU) code and device (GPU) code C. Tang CUDA and GPU #12;Overview Examples CUDA Programming .cu file contains host code

  16. WANG Jianfang Department of Physics

    E-print Network

    Wang, Jianfang

    WANG Jianfang Department of Physics The Chinese University of Hong Kong Academic qualification 2002. Xiao, Z. H. Bao, P. Wang, J. F. Wang,* Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51: 6406 (2012) (a general approach. S. Kou, S. Z. Zhang, Z. Yang, C.-K. Tsung, G. D. Stucky, L. D. Sun, J. F. Wang,* C. H. Yan, J. Am

  17. Tool Measures Depths of Defects on a Case Tang Joint

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ream, M. Bryan; Montgomery, Ronald B.; Mecham, Brent A.; Keirstead, Bums W.

    2005-01-01

    A special-purpose tool has been developed for measuring the depths of defects on an O-ring seal surface. The surface lies in a specially shaped ringlike fitting, called a capture feature tang, located on an end of a cylindrical segment of a case that contains a solid-fuel booster rocket motor for launching a space shuttle. The capture feature tang is a part of a tang-and-clevis, O-ring joint between the case segment and a similar, adjacent cylindrical case segment. When the segments are joined, the tang makes an interference fit with the clevis and squeezes the O-ring at the side of the gap.

  18. Bestellung und Umbuchungsantrag Cisco 6901 VoIP Telefon -Wei

    E-print Network

    Moeller, Ralf

    20120208 Bestellung und Umbuchungsantrag Cisco 6901 VoIP Telefon - Wei� Verbindliche Bestellung eines VoIP Telefons des Typs Cisco 6901 (Farbe Wei�) aus dem Portfolio des HRZ der Universität Bielefeld

  19. Bestellung und Umbuchungsantrag Cisco 6945 VoIP Telefon -Wei

    E-print Network

    Moeller, Ralf

    20120208 Bestellung und Umbuchungsantrag Cisco 6945 VoIP Telefon - Wei� Verbindliche Bestellung eines VoIP Telefons des Typs Cisco 6945 (Farbe Wei�) aus dem Portfolio des HRZ der Universität Bielefeld

  20. A Monte Carlo Method for Mobile Target Counting Dengyuan Wu, Xiuzhen Cheng, Dechang Chen, Wei Cheng, Biao Chen, Wei Zhao

    E-print Network

    Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

    A Monte Carlo Method for Mobile Target Counting Dengyuan Wu, Xiuzhen Cheng, Dechang Chen, Wei Cheng, Biao Chen, Wei Zhao Department of Computer Science, The George Washington University, Washington, DC

  1. TIMOTHY WEI PERSONAL: Birth Date: 26 May 1958

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    TIMOTHY WEI PERSONAL: Birth Date: 26 May 1958 Citizenship: United States of America EDUCATION. Acoustical Soc. of America 128, 372-383. Cohen, B., Vedel, S., Voorhees, A. & Wei, T. 2009 A mechanics swimming. Physics of Fluids 20, article #091105. Leong, C.M., Benaroya, H. & Wei, T. 2008 Two-degree-of-freedom

  2. Structural Features of Toxic Chemicals for Specific Toxicity Jiansuo Wang, Luhua Lai,* and Youqi Tang

    E-print Network

    Luhua, Lai

    ) the findings from other technologies such as pattern cognition, neural network, and so on.5,6 For example effort is needed to understand the property of toxic chemicals. In the present paper, we try to make in the Wiswesser line notation (WLN).10 Due to the need for structure information, we only use this subset of 58

  3. Investigating landscape pattern and its dynamics in Daqing, China J. TANG{, L. WANG*{ and S. ZHANG{

    E-print Network

    Wang, Le

    {Northeast Institute of Geography and Agriculture Ecology, CAS, 3195 Weishan Road, Changchun, Jilin 130012 to polygon layers and input into geographic information system (GIS) software. In order to facilitate our by agriculture. Forest coverage decreased with the small patch replaced by grassland and agriculture, while city

  4. CURRICULUM VITAE Suiping Wang

    E-print Network

    Kuperberg, Gina

    . Zhu Z., Zhang J.X., Wang S., Xiao Z., Huang J., & Chen H.C. (2009) Involvement of left inferior 2007- June 2007 Visiting Scholar, Center of Cognitive and Brain Research, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China, ! November 2008 - November 2009 Visiting professor, Department of Psychology

  5. MODELING FASHION , Gang Wang

    E-print Network

    Tan, Chew Lim

    MODELING FASHION Qi Chen , Gang Wang , Chew Lim Tan Department of Computer Science, National}@comp.nus.edu.sg, wanggang@ntu.edu.sg ABSTRACT We propose a method to try to model fashionable dress- es in this paper. We clustering approach. A fashionable dress is expected to con- tain certain visual patterns which make

  6. Quantifying multipartite entanglement Tzu-Chieh Wei

    E-print Network

    Goldbart, Paul M.

    pure and mixed states. It is determined analytically for arbitrary two-qubit mixed statesQuantifying multipartite entanglement Tzu-Chieh Wei , Joseph B. Altepeter , Dyutiman Das , Marie the degree of entanglement for a pure quantum state is to compare how far this state is from the set of all

  7. Regional inequality in China Yehua Dennis Wei

    E-print Network

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    Regional inequality in China Yehua Dennis Wei Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 523201, USA Abstract: Regional inequality is one of the major subjects of research on China inequality in China. It is proposed that recent research has significantly improved our under- standing

  8. Piles of Objects Shu-Wei Hsu

    E-print Network

    Keyser, John

    Piles of Objects Shu-Wei Hsu Texas A&M University John Keyser Texas A&M University Figure 1: L-shaped objects piling up. This is an image from Example 5--Drop in a Line (see Section 4). Abstract We present a method for directly modeling piles of objects in multi- body simulations. Piles of objects represent some

  9. Negative Link Prediction in Social Media Jiliang Tang

    E-print Network

    Liu, Huan

    Negative Link Prediction in Social Media Jiliang Tang , Shiyu Chang , Charu Aggarwal and Huan Liu in the analytical process. A major impediment in their effec- tive use is that most social media sites do not enable-centric interactions in social media. We make a number of important observations about negative links, and propose

  10. Power Allocation over Two Identical Gilbert-Elliott Junhua Tang

    E-print Network

    Krishnamachari, Bhaskar

    Power Allocation over Two Identical Gilbert-Elliott Channels Junhua Tang School of Electronic parallel transmission channels, each modeled as a slotted Gilber-Elliott channel (i.e. described by two decision-making problems involving Gilbert-Elliott channels [3], [4], [5], [6], [7]. In [3

  11. Finding Email Correspondents in Online Social Guanting Tang

    E-print Network

    Pei, Jian

    Finding Email Correspondents in Online Social Networks Yi Cui Jian Pei Guanting Tang Wo-Shun Luk at a first glance, is challenging. Most of the existing online social networking sites recommend possible role in many people's social life. Therefore, many online social networks [19], such as Facebook

  12. LEARNING JAZZ GRAMMARS Jon Gillick Kevin Tang Robert M. Keller

    E-print Network

    Chen, Tsuhan

    LEARNING JAZZ GRAMMARS Jon Gillick Kevin Tang Robert M. Keller Wesleyan University jrgillick in educational software tools that can generate novel jazz solos in a style representative of a body of performed for contours of typical jazz solos, which we call "slopes", then show how these slopes may be incorporated

  13. DAW: A Distributed Antiworm System Shigang Chen and Yong Tang

    E-print Network

    Chen, Shigang

    . The patch for the security hole that led to the SQLSlammer worm was released half a year before the wormDAW: A Distributed Antiworm System Shigang Chen and Yong Tang Abstract--A worm automatically. It is conceivable that the cyberterrorists may use a widespread worm to cause major disruption to the Internet

  14. Lung cancer and indoor air pollution in Xuan Wei, China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. Mumford; X. Z. He; R. S. Chapman; S. R. Cao; D. B. Harris; X. M. Li; Y. L. Xian; W. Z. Jiang; C. W. Xu; J. C. Chuang

    1987-01-01

    Xuan Wei County, China has an unusually high lung-cancer mortality rate that cannot be attributed to tobacco use or occupational exposure. Most Xuan Wei residents, especially women, are exposed domestically to smoke from unvented, open pit coal\\/wood fires used for cooking and heating. Samples collected during combustion of smoky coal, smokeless coal, and wood were examined for physical and chemical

  15. LUNG CANCER AND INDOOR AIR POLLUTION IN XUAN WEI, CHINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Xuan Wei County, China has an unusually high lung cancer mortality rate that cannot be attributed to tobacco use or occupational exposure. Most Xuan Wei residents, especially women, are exposed domestically to smoke from unvented, open pit coal/wood fires used for cooking and hea...

  16. Wei Wang, Suparna De, Gilbert Cassar, Klaus Moessner Knowledge Representation in the Internet of Things: Semantic

    E-print Network

    Wei, Wang

    for interoperating among different systems and applications in the Internet of Things (IoT). However, current work through an IoT service discovery method. Key words: Internet of Things, Knowledge Representation, Ontology of them being connected to the Internet. The IoT will have the intercon- nection of the objects or things

  17. MiRNA Control of Vegetative Phase Change in Trees Jia-Wei Wang1

    E-print Network

    Weigel, Detlef

    relatively minor morphological changes, whereas in trees and other perennial woody plants it occurs after of these genes in woody species with highly differentiated, well-characterized juvenile and adult phases (Acacia Academy of Science (KSCX2-YW-N-057), DFG-SFB 446 to DW, and European Community FP6 IP SIROCCO (contract

  18. On Resilience of Structured Peer-to-Peer Systems Shengquan Wang, Dong Xuan and Wei Zhao

    E-print Network

    Xuan, Dong

    --In this paper, we propose an approach to analyze the resilience to failures of structured P2P systems- tributed nodes. We apply our method to several well-known structured P2P systems. We find that finger neighbors and special neighbors have differ- ent influences on the resilience features of P2P systems. More

  19. Experiments on humans Tomasz Ciesielski, Line-Kristin Larsen, Claudia Melis, Chia-Wei Vivian Wang

    E-print Network

    Bech, Claus

    perspective 1.1. Background Animal experimentations provide important, new and generally valid results or in order to learn about disease and therapy. Such experiments had been performed mostly in haphazard, non therapy. That was in contrary to the orthodox teaching of the time. #12;Experiments on humans

  20. Maxim Berezovski1 Wei-Ping Li2

    E-print Network

    Krylov, Sergey

    Maxim Berezovski1 Wei-Ping Li2 C. Dale Poulter2 Sergey N. Krylov1 1 Department of Chemistry, York, the separation was achieved within 10 min with a resolution of 86. The mass and concentration limits of detection

  1. Antithrombotic and antiplatelet activities of Soshiho-tang extract

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Soshiho-tang (SH; Chinese name, Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang; Japanese name, Shosaiko-to) is a traditional Korean, Chinese, and Japanese medicine, which has been used to treat various conditions, including hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and chronic and acute liver disease. SH consists of seven herbal components, of which Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and Zingiber officinale Roscoe, are reported to have antithrombotic and antiplatelet activities. We investigated the antithrombotic activity of SH, including S. baicalensis and Z. officinale, as an integrative therapy. Methods To identify the antithrombotic activity of SH, we used a FeCl3-induced thrombus formation model. The mechanism of SH-mediated antithrombotic activity was assessed by determining platelet aggregation and coagulation times ex vivo, washed platelet aggregation, serotonin secretion, and thromboxane B2 formation. Results SH prolonged the occlusion time of thrombus formation when applied in a FeCl3-induced thrombus formation model. SH also inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation ex vivo in a concentration-dependent manner; however, it did not affect coagulation. Hence, to identify the antiplatelet effect of SH, we investigated washed platelet aggregations in vitro. SH significantly inhibited various agonist-induced platelet aggregations, and it completely inhibited serotonin secretion and thromboxane B2 formation. Conclusions The findings suggest that SH inhibited FeCl3-induced thrombus formation through antiplatelet activity, including inhibition of platelet aggregation, and serotonin and TXB2 production. Thus, SH may be useful as an integrative herbal formula for the treatment of thrombosis. PMID:23773779

  2. Response to Wang and Walberg.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.

    1988-01-01

    This paper refutes the arguments of Margaret Wang and Herbert Walberg in their support of the Adaptive Learning Environments Model (ALEM) and the General Education Initiative. It focuses on the small number of ALEM implementations and replications, weaknesses of the research and evaluations supporting ALEM, and other specific criticisms. (JDD)

  3. Bayesian Cluster Ensembles Hongjun Wang

    E-print Network

    Banerjee, Arindam

    Bayesian Cluster Ensembles Hongjun Wang Hanhuai Shan Arindam Banerjee Abstract Cluster ensembles provide a framework for combining mul- tiple base clusterings of a dataset to generate a stable and robust consensus clustering. There are important variants of the basic cluster ensemble problem, notably including

  4. On the Pre-Tang Development of the Law of ‘Treason’: moufan, dani, and pan

    E-print Network

    MacCormack, Geoffrey

    2005-01-01

    (here taking the form of enslavement) ofenders (se, for example, Hou Hanshu, 1.80,81), but, contrary to the opinion of Ulrike Jugel, Politische function und soziale Stelung der Eunuchen zur spateren Hanzeit (25-20 n.Chr.) (Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1976..., T’ang Code I, 241) we should translate “naturaly folow the law on ‘evil words.’” 7 Article 250: Johnson, T’ang Code I, 24-5 8 Johnson, T’ang Code I, 64. 9 Compare the remarks of R. Deloustal, “La Justice dans l’Ancien Anam. Traduction et...

  5. Computations Modulo Regular Chains Xin Li, Marc Moreno Maza and Wei Pan

    E-print Network

    Moreno Maza, Marc

    ) = (2 x - 1) y - 7 - x. Xin Li, Marc Moreno Maza and Wei Pan (University of Western OntarioComputations Modulo Regular Chains Xin Li, Marc Moreno Maza and Wei Pan (University of Western Ontario) ISSAC 2009, Seoul July 30, 2009 Xin Li, Marc Moreno Maza and Wei Pan (University of Western

  6. Encrypt Microarray Image with Your Pictures Hsi-Chun Wang 1

    E-print Network

    Chen, Chu-Song

    Encrypt Microarray Image with Your Pictures Hsi-Chun Wang 1 , Chu-Song Chen 2,1 , and Chi-Wei Jan 2 Abstract The objective of this research is to apply the data hiding technique to encrypt micro-array image processing; data hiding; cDNA microarray ºK-n ¥»¬ã¨s¤§¥�ªº¦b©ó±N¥Íª«´¹¤ù¤§¯S¼x¼v¹³�³¥�¥t ¤@±i¼�¦ì¼v¹³ªº¤Ï®t¯S

  7. Orszag Tang vortex - Kinetic study of a turbulent plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Parashar, T. N.; Servidio, S.; Shay, M. A.; Matthaeus, W. H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, 217 Sharp Lab, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Cassak, P. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, 217 Sharp Lab, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Department of Physics, Hodges Hall, Box 6315, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)

    2010-03-25

    Kinetic evolution of the Orszag-Tang vortex is studied using collisionless hybrid simulations based on particle in cell ions and fluid electrons. In magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) this configuration leads rapidly to broadband turbulence. An earlier study estimated the dissipation in the system. A comparison of MHD and hybrid simulations showed similar behavior at large scales but substantial differences at small scales. The hybrid magnetic energy spectrum shows a break at the scale where Hall term in the Ohm's law becomes important. The protons heat perpendicularly and most of the energy is dissipated through magnetic interactions. Here, the space time structure of the system is studied using frequency-wavenumber (k-omega) decomposition. No clear resonances appear, ruling out the cyclotron resonances as a likely candidate for the perpendicular heating. The only distinguishable wave modes present, which constitute a small percentage of total energy, are magnetosonic modes.

  8. The full-scale process and design changes for elimination of insulation edge separations and voids in tang flap area

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Danforth, Richard A.

    1991-01-01

    Qualification of the full-scale process and design changes for elimination of redesigned solid rocket motor tang nitrile butadiene rubber insulation edge separations and voids was performed from 24 March to 3 December 1990. The objectives of this test were: to qualify design and process changes on flight hardware using a tie ply between the redesigned solid rocket motor steel case and the nitrile butadiene rubber insulation over the tang capture features; to qualify the use of methyl ethyl ketone in the tang flap region to reduce voids; and to determine if holes in the separator film reduce voids in the tang flap region. The tie ply is intended to aid insulation flow during the insulation cure process, and thus reduce or eliminate edge unbonds. Methyl ethyl ketone is intended to reduce voids in the tang flap area by providing better tacking characteristics. The perforated film was intended to provide possible vertical breathe paths to reduce voids in the tang area. Tang tie ply testing consisted of 270 deg of the tang circumference using a new layup method and 90 deg of the tang circumference using the current layup methods. Tie ply process success was defined as a reduction of insulation unbonds. Lack of any insulation edge unbonds on the tang area where the new process was used, and the presence of 17 unbonds with the current process, proves the test to be a success. Successful completion of this test has qualified the new processes.

  9. Spatial and temporal variations of nitrogen pollution in Wen-Rui Tang River watershed, Zhejiang, China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ping Lu; Kun Mei; Yujin Zhang; Lingling Liao; Bibo Long; Randy A. Dahlgren; Minghua Zhang

    2011-01-01

    Water quality has degraded dramatically in Wen-Rui Tang River watershed, Zhejiang, China, especially due to rapid economic\\u000a development since 1995. This paper aims to assess spatial and temporal variations of the main pollutants (NH-N, TN, BOD5, CODMn, DO) of water quality in Wen-Rui Tang River watershed, using the geographic information system, cluster analysis (CA) and\\u000a principal component analysis (PCA). Results

  10. An Innovative Project for Lunar Mission LI Teng YANG Wei

    E-print Network

    Li, Teng

    LUNARNET An Innovative Project for Lunar Mission LI Teng YANG Wei (Dept. of Engineering Mechanics on the moon surface. The Lunar Probes collect space, soil, rock and surface layer information and interact, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084) Abstract An innovative and feasible lunar project -- LUNARNET

  11. Modeling Hair from Multiple Views Yichen Wei1

    E-print Network

    Quan, Long

    Modeling Hair from Multiple Views Yichen Wei1 Eyal Ofek2 Long Quan1 Heung-Yeung Shum2 1 The Hong; the recovered hair rendered with the recovered diffuse color; a fraction of the longest recovered hair fibers rendered with the recovered diffuse color to show the hair threads; the recovered hair rendered

  12. Star-extremal Circulant Graphs Ko-Wei Lih

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Xuding

    Star-extremal Circulant Graphs Ko-Wei Lih #3; Institute of Mathematics Academia Sinica Nankang Email: zhu@math.nsysu.edu.tw July 22, 1998 (Revised: March 30, 1999) Abstract A graph is called star-extremal if its fractional chromatic number is equal to its circular chromatic number (also known as the star

  13. Numerical Study of Flexible Flapping Wing Propulsion , Mingjun Wei

    E-print Network

    Wei, Mingjun

    regime, conventional fixed-wing airplane suffers with low flight efficiency and small stall angleNumerical Study of Flexible Flapping Wing Propulsion Tao Yang , Mingjun Wei New Mexico State In this study, we apply a strong-coupling approach to simulate highly flexible flapping wings interacting

  14. Numerical Study of Flexible Flapping Wing Propulsion and Mingjun Wei

    E-print Network

    Wei, Mingjun

    of immersed boundary method, while the rest of the wing moves passively through elasticity and fluid­structure interest in the flapping wing design. At low Reynolds number, conventional fixed- wing airplanes sufferNumerical Study of Flexible Flapping Wing Propulsion Tao Yang and Mingjun Wei New Mexico State

  15. Saddle Points and Accelerated Perceptron Algorithms Adams Wei Yu

    E-print Network

    Carbonell, Jaime

    linear) optimization problems, quite a few algorithms including polynomial-time Interior Point methods simultaneously in a single efficient process, by investigating a related Bilinear Saddle Point Problem (BSPPSaddle Points and Accelerated Perceptron Algorithms Adams Wei Yu WEIYU@CS.CMU.EDU Fatma Kilinc

  16. Static Object Race Detection Ana Milanova and Wei Huang

    E-print Network

    Milanova, Ana

    Static Object Race Detection Ana Milanova and Wei Huang Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Abstract. We present a novel static object race detection analysis. Our analysis is data-centric in the sense analysis outperforms the leading static race detector Chord. 1 Introduction A multithreaded program

  17. Beyond Simple Aggregates: Indexing for Summary Zhewei Wei Ke Yi

    E-print Network

    Yi, Ke "Kevin"

    into an index. However, reporting and aggregation queries provide only two extremes for exploring the data. DataBeyond Simple Aggregates: Indexing for Summary Queries Zhewei Wei Ke Yi Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong, China {wzxac, yike}@cse.ust.hk ABSTRACT Database

  18. From Cartoons to the User Interface Bay-Wei Chang

    E-print Network

    Brooks, Stephen

    Animation: From Cartoons to the User Interface Bay-Wei Chang Computer Systems Laboratory Stanford and confime users. Cartoon animation, in eontras~ is exceedingly successful at engaging its audience; even for the application of cartoon animation techniques as a means of making the interface easier to understand and more

  19. THE LEVERING SCHEME OF BIORTHOGONAL WAVELETS WeiChang Shann

    E-print Network

    Shann, Wei-Chang

    THE LEVERING SCHEME OF BIORTHOGONAL WAVELETS Wei­Chang Shann Department of Mathematics National that will lever orthonormal or biorthogonal wavelets to a new system of biorthogo­ nal wavelets. If we start­splines and cooperating with the lifting scheme of Sweldens, our levering scheme can reproduce all of those biorthogo­ nal

  20. Communicating between the Apple and the Wang

    SciTech Connect

    Barton, G.W., Downey, R.

    1982-10-26

    This manual covers what the beginner needs to know in order to transfer files between an Apple's Microcomputer and a Wang's OIS Word Processor. We have also tried to indicate where the experienced user might want to look for additional details. We cover the use of Apple Writer )(, VisiTerm, VisiCalc, and EasyWriter Professional. For us, the two most useful connections are from Applewriter to Wang and from Visicalc to Wang. From Wang to Apple Writer via Visiterm may have some value. Files can be transferred by VisiTerm to Wang, but they arrive with RETURNS in the middle of words, which have to be edited out, so we do not recommend it. We describe how to go from EasyWriter to Wang, but we do not know how to go from Wang to EasyWriter. We see no reason to go from Wang to VisiCalc, so we haven't thought about it. All instructions are given for a typical configuration of the Apple, namely the one on which this manual was composed. It is detailed in the section on Hardware and Software.

  1. Dikla Man, Weiwu Wang1 , Gazalah Sabehi,

    E-print Network

    Dikla Man, Weiwu Wang1 , Gazalah Sabehi, L.Aravind2 , Anton F.Post3 , Ramon Massana4 , Elena N Corresponding authors e-mail: John.L.Spudich@uth.tmc.edu or beja@tx.technion.ac.il D.Man and W.Wang contributed

  2. Shiren (Edward) Wang Texas Tech University

    E-print Network

    Zhuang, Yu

    University, Department of Industrial/Manufacturing Engineering, Lubbock, TX 79409 Research Interests: Nano of nanoscale fibers and nanoscale fiber films, US patent 8058364, approved on Nov. 15, 2011. 2. Z. Liang, B. Wang, C. Zhang, S. Wang, "Methods for functionalization of nanoscale fiber films", US patent 7862766 B2

  3. CORRIGENDUM: Prospects for a new boson W+/-1 in the minimal Higgsless model at the LHC Prospects for a new boson W+/-1 in the minimal Higgsless model at the LHC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Ming-Shui; Bian, Jian-Guo; Chen, Guo-Ming; He, Hong-Jian; Jiang, Chun-Hua; Li, Zu-Hao; Liang, Song; Meng, Xiang-Wei; Qi, Yong-Hui; Tang, Zhi-Cheng; Tao, Jun-Quan; Wang, Zheng; Wang, Jian; Wang, Jian; Wang, Xian-You; Wang, Jian-Xiong; Xiao, Hong; Yang, Min; Zang, Jing-Jing; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Zhen; Zhang, Zhen-Xia

    2009-12-01

    The author list originally given in the above article (Ming-Shui Chen, Jian-Guo Bian, Guo-Ming Chen, Hong-Jian He, Chun-Hua Jiang, Zu-Hao Li, Song Liang, Xiang-Wei Meng, Yong-Hui Qi, Zhi-Cheng Tang, Jun-Quan Tao, Zheng Wang, Jian Wang, Jian Wang, Xian-You Wang, Jian-Xiong Wang, Hong Xiao, Min Yang, Jing-Jing Zang, Bin Zhang, Zhen Zhang and Zhen- Xia Zhang) is incorrect. The correct author list is: Ming-Shui Chen, Jian-Guo Bian, Guo-Ming Chen, Chun-Hua Jiang, Zu-Hao Li, Song Liang, Xiang-Wei Meng, Zhi-Cheng Tang, Jun-Quan Tao, Zheng Wang, Jian Wang, Jian Wang, Xian-You Wang, Jian-Xiong Wang, Hong Xiao, Min Yang, Jing-Jing Zang, Bin Zhang, Zhen Zhang and Zhen-Xia Zhang. Hong-Jian He and Yong-Hui Qi did not take part in the writing of this text and do not bear any responsibility for its contents. Also, reference [4] in the paper should be corrected to: [4] Hong-Jian He et al 2008 Phys. Rev. D 78 031701(R)

  4. Structural behavior of the space shuttle SRM Tang-Clevis joint

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Greene, W. H.; Knight, N. F., Jr.; Stockwell, A. E.

    1986-01-01

    The space shuttle Challenger accident investigation focused on the failure of a tang-clevis joint on the right solid rocket motor. The existence of relative motion between the inner arm of the clevis and the O-ring sealing surface on the tang has been identified as a potential contributor to this failure. This motion can cause the O-rings to become unseated and therefore lose their sealing capability. Finite element structural analyses have been performed to predict both deflections and stresses in the joint under the primary, pressure loading condition. These analyses have demonstrated the difficulty of accurately predicting the structural behavior of the tang-clevis joint. Stresses in the vicinity of the connecting pins, obtained from elastic analyses, considerably exceed the material yield allowables indicating that inelastic analyses are probably necessary. Two modifications have been proposed to control the relative motion between the inner clevis arm and the tang at the O-ring sealing surface. One modification, referred to as the capture feature, uses additional material on the inside of the tang to restrict motion of the inner clevis arm. The other modification uses external stiffening rings above and below the joint to control the local bending in the shell near the joint. Both of these modifications are shown to be effective in controlling the relative motion in the joint.

  5. Structural behavior of the space shuttle SRM tang-clevis joint

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Greene, William H.; Knight, Norman F., Jr.; Stockwell, Alan E.

    1988-01-01

    The space shuttle Challenger accident investigation focused on the failure of a tang-clevis joint on the right solid rocket motor. The existence of relative motion between the inner arm of the clevis and the O-ring sealing surface on the tang has been identified as a potential contributor to this failure. This motion can cause the O-rings to become unseated and therefore lose their sealing capability. Finite element structural analyses have been performed to predict both deflections and stresses in the joint under the primary, pressure loading condition. These analyses have demonstrated the difficulty of accurately predicting the structural behavior of the tang-clevis joint. Stresses in the vicinity of the connecting pins, obtained from elastic analyses, considerably exceed the material yield allowables indicating that inelastic analyses are probably necessary. Two modifications have been proposed to control the relative motion between the inner clevis arm and the tang at the O-ring sealing surface. One modification, referred to as the capture feature, uses additional material on the inside of the tang to restrict motion of the inner clevis arm. The other modification uses external stiffening rings above and below the joint to control the local bending in the shell near the joint. Both of these modifications are shown to be effective in controlling the relative motion in the joint.

  6. Measuring acoustic nonlinearity parameter using collinear wave mixing Minghe Liu, Guangxin Tang, Laurence J. Jacobs, and Jianmin Qu

    E-print Network

    Chen, Wei

    Measuring acoustic nonlinearity parameter using collinear wave mixing Minghe Liu, Guangxin Tang://jap.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Measuring acoustic nonlinearity parameter using collinear wave mixing Minghe Liu,1 Guangxin Tang,2 phase controllable acoustic wave J. Appl. Phys. 112, 054908 (2012) Nonlinear nonclassical acoustic

  7. [Discussion on XU Shu-wei's clinical application of moxibustion].

    PubMed

    Li, Cui-Juan

    2014-02-01

    The experiences and features of XU Shu-wei's clinical application of moxibustion is studied in this article with method of review research. XU Shu-wei attached great importance on yangqi and the functions of spleen and kidney. At the same time, warming-reinforcing method was recommended in treatment as well. Not only treatment with medicine was emphasized, but also moxibustion was encouraged to be applied in clinic. A warming-reinforcing method with moxibustion was recommended for diseases such as yinzheng (yin syndrome), yin-du (extreme yin syndrome), yang deficiency syndrome, stroke, prolapse of anus and furuncles on back. Flexible moxibustion methods were applied based on differentiation of syndromes. Various acupoints and moxibustion manipulations were selected according to different conditions. With the proved therapeutic effect, XU Shu-wei was held as the forerunner of warming-reinforcing method in the acupuncture history of China. Meanwhile, he also made certain contribution on the establishment of the Wenbu Xuepai (the warming-reinforcing school) in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). PMID:24796067

  8. Linxiang X. Wang Institute of Mechatronic Engineering,

    E-print Network

    Melnik, Roderick

    Linxiang X. Wang Institute of Mechatronic Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310037, China; MCI, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Sonderborg DK-6400 properties, the ferroelastic materials have attracted intensive research efforts from engineers, physicists

  9. Wei Wang, Yujie Cui, Jianzhong Shen, Jingjing Jiang, Shenghan Chen, Jianhao Peng and Corin Variant Identified in Blacks

    E-print Network

    and Corin Variant Identified in Blacks Salt-Sensitive Hypertension and Cardiac Hypertrophy in Transgenic hypertrophy.21 These single nucleotide polymor- phisms are located in exon 12 of a minor CORIN allele hypertrophy, a phenotype similar to that in blacks with the CORIN variant allele. Our results Abstract

  10. The Mechanical Energy Input to the Ocean Induced by Tropical Cyclones LING LING LIU AND WEI WANG

    E-print Network

    Huang, Rui Xin

    (Manuscript received 28 February 2007, in final form 15 November 2007) ABSTRACT Wind stress and tidal to friction and dissipation. It is only within the past 10 years that the oceanography community has come the oceanic general circulation. Wind stress and tidal dissi- pation are the primary sources of mechanical

  11. Ensuring Data Storage Security in Cloud Computing Cong Wang, Qian Wang, and Kui Ren

    E-print Network

    Hou, Y. Thomas

    Ensuring Data Storage Security in Cloud Computing Cong Wang, Qian Wang, and Kui Ren Department of ECE Worcester Polytechnic Institute Email: wjlou@ece.wpi.edu Abstract--Cloud Computing has been, where the IT services are under proper physical, logical and personnel controls, Cloud Computing moves

  12. Alian Wang: CV (December 2013) Curriculum Vita of Prof. Alian Wang

    E-print Network

    -ASTID (Astrobiology Science and Technology Instrument Development) projects, for developing WIR and BUF sensors. 2004Alian Wang: CV (December 2013) 1 Curriculum Vita of Prof. Alian Wang Education: Ph.D. (1987 (Astrobiology Science and Technology for Exploring Planets) project, "life in Atacama". 2011 ­ 2012, PI, a NASA

  13. on behalf of China National Stroke Registry (CNSR) Investigators Wang, Hao Li and Yongjun Wang

    E-print Network

    Shen, Haipeng

    on behalf of China National Stroke Registry (CNSR) Investigators Wang, Hao Li and Yongjun Wang Role Interrelationship Among Common Medical Complications After Acute Stroke: Pneumonia Print ISSN. is published by the American Heart Association, 7272 Greenville Avenue, Dallas, TX 75231Stroke doi: 10

  14. CEO: A Cloud Epistasis cOmputing model in GWAS Zhengkui Wang, Yue Wang

    E-print Network

    Wong, Limsoon

    CEO: A Cloud Epistasis cOmputing model in GWAS Zhengkui Wang, Yue Wang NUS Graduate School the computation offers a promising solution. In this paper, we propose a cloud-based epistasis computing (CEO-users. In this paper, we propose a cloud-based epistasis com- puting (CEO) model to find statistically significant

  15. c Copyright by William Yu-Wei Chen, Jr., 1993 DATA PRELOAD FOR SUPERSCALAR AND VLIW PROCESSORS

    E-print Network

    Hwu, Wen-mei W.

    c Copyright by William Yu-Wei Chen, Jr., 1993 #12;DATA PRELOAD FOR SUPERSCALAR AND VLIW PROCESSORS BY WILLIAM YU-WEI CHEN, JR. B.S., The Ohio State University, 1988 M.S., University of Illinois at Urbana, Illinois #12;DATA PRELOAD FOR SUPERSCALAR AND VLIW PROCESSORS William Yu-Wei Chen, Jr., Ph.D. Department

  16. "Evaluating Popular Diets" Suzanne Tang, N.D., L.Ac.

    E-print Network

    Burke, Peter

    in the American J. of Medicine reported that 64 overweight, postmenopausal women on a low- fat, vegan diet lost"Evaluating Popular Diets" Suzanne Tang, N.D., L.Ac. Naturopathic Doctor and Licensed Acupuncturist scientific research is available to identify long-term safety and efficacy of most popular diets. #12;Popular

  17. Social Network Extraction of Academic Researchers Jie Tang, Duo Zhang, and Limin Yao

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    * Social Network Extraction of Academic Researchers Jie Tang, Duo Zhang, and Limin Yao Department. Abstract This paper addresses the issue of extraction of an academic researcher social network or focused communities such as music communities. Unfortunately, the method is not sufficient for mining

  18. Searching Similar Segments over Textual Event Sequences Liang Tang Tao Li Shu-Ching Chen

    E-print Network

    Li, Tao

    Searching Similar Segments over Textual Event Sequences Liang Tang Tao Li Shu-Ching Chen School of Computer Science Florida International University Miami, Florida, 33199, U.S.A {ltang002,taoli,chens}@cs.fiu.edu Shunzhi Zhu School of Computer & Information Engineering Xiamen University of Technology Xiamen, P

  19. Midlevel Ventilation's Constraint on Tropical Cyclone Intensity BRIAN TANG AND KERRY EMANUEL

    E-print Network

    Emanuel, Kerry A.

    Midlevel Ventilation's Constraint on Tropical Cyclone Intensity BRIAN TANG AND KERRY EMANUEL ventilation, or the flux of low-entropy air into the inner core of a tropical cyclone (TC), is a hy to assess how ventilation affects tropical cyclone intensity via two possible pathways: the first through

  20. An Approach for Mining Web Service Composition Patterns from Execution Logs Ran Tang and Ying Zou

    E-print Network

    Zou, Ying

    be frequently used in multiple applications. Such services form a service composition pattern which is well together by service-oriented applications. The service composition patterns are well tested by large amount1 An Approach for Mining Web Service Composition Patterns from Execution Logs Ran Tang and Ying Zou

  1. The quark induced Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hentschinski, M.; Madrigal Martínez, J. D.; Murdaca, B.; Sabio Vera, A.

    2014-10-01

    We present the NLO corrections for the quark induced forward production of a jet with an associated rapidity gap. We make use of Lipatov's QCD high energy effective action to calculate the real emission contributions to the so-called Mueller-Tang impact factor. We combine them with the previously calculated virtual corrections and verify ultraviolet and collinear finiteness of the final result.

  2. The E ect of Barriers on The Tidal Range in Yong Ming Tang

    E-print Network

    interest in constructing tidal barrages, either to control the tide or to extract power. CorrespondinglyThe E ect of Barriers on The Tidal Range in Estuaries Yong Ming Tang Abstract Numerical simulations of the shallow water equations are used to study the e ect of topographic barriers on the tidal range

  3. An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou

    E-print Network

    Zou, Ying

    1 An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou.zou}@queensu.ca Abstract-- Web resources can be located and accessed through the Internet to provide information and functionalities to users. However, different types of web resources (e.g., Web Services, RESTful services

  4. Active Fault Reasoning in Communication Networks Yongning Tang and Ehab Al-Shaer

    E-print Network

    Schaefer, Marcus

    Active Fault Reasoning in Communication Networks Yongning Tang and Ehab Al-Shaer School of Computer,ehab}@cs.depaul.edu Abstract Different fault reasoning techniques are used in fault localization for either deterministic or probabilistic fault causality model. Symptom-Fault map is commonly used to describe Symptom-Fault causality

  5. Focused crawling in depression portal search: A feasibility study Thanh Tin Tang

    E-print Network

    Hawking, David

    concurrent study. Keywords focused crawler, hypertext classification, mental health, depression, domainFocused crawling in depression portal search: A feasibility study Thanh Tin Tang Department@cs.anu.edu.au Abstract Previous work on domain specific search services in the area of depressive illness has documented

  6. Co-registration and fusion of CT and SPECT images Lisa Tang, Ghassan Hamarneh, Anna Celler

    E-print Network

    Hamarneh, Ghassan

    Co-registration and fusion of CT and SPECT images Lisa Tang, Ghassan Hamarneh, Anna Celler Abstract of SPECT images and for the fusion of the anatomic details from CT and the functional information from Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Computed Tomography (CT) in order to allow for the attenuation correction

  7. Electrophoretic stretching of DNA molecules using microscale T junctions Jing Tang and Patrick S. Doylea

    E-print Network

    Doyle, Patrick S.

    DNA molecules, but they rely on specific modification of the DNA ends.3 Alternatively, one endElectrophoretic stretching of DNA molecules using microscale T junctions Jing Tang and Patrick S trapping and stretching of DNA molecules are critical for single molecule genomic and polymer physics

  8. THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SEA-SALTAEROSOLS A. C. Tridico and I. N. Tang

    E-print Network

    , (he hygroscopic properties of aerosolparticles generated from filtered sea-water sampleswere studiedBNL- 63377 [Abstract] THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SEA-SALTAEROSOLS A. C. Tridico and I. N. Tang,FL Oct. 14-18, 1996 ABSTRACT The thennodynamic properties of mixed salt microdropletsrepresentativeof sea

  9. Cluster Analysis for Gene Expression Data: A Survey Daxin Jiang Chun Tang Aidong Zhang

    E-print Network

    Buffalo, State University of New York

    similar to each other than the points in different groups. A very rich literature on cluster analysis hasCluster Analysis for Gene Expression Data: A Survey Daxin Jiang Chun Tang Aidong Zhang Department structures and identify interesting patterns in the underlying data. Cluster analysis seeks to partition

  10. Herb medicine Yin-Chen-Hao-Tang ameliorates hepatic fibrosis in bile duct ligation rats

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tzung-Yan Lee; Hen-Hong Chang; Jenn-Han Chen; Ming-Lung Hsueh; Jong-Jen Kuo

    2007-01-01

    The accumulation of hydrophilic bile acids in the liver is considered to play a pivotal role in the induction of hepatic injury. Yin-Chen-Hao-Tang (YCHT) decoction is an aqueous extract from three different herbs: Artemisia capillaries Thunb (Compositae), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Rubiaceae), Rheum officinale Baill (Polygonaceae), which has been recognized as a hepatoprotective agent for various types of liver diseases. Therefore,

  11. Colloid-facilitated transport of lead in natural discrete fractures Xiang-Yu Tang, Noam Weisbrod*

    E-print Network

    Weisbrod, Noam

    Colloid-facilitated transport of lead in natural discrete fractures Xiang-Yu Tang, Noam Weisbrod of humic acid significantly promotes its colloid-facilitated transport. a r t i c l e i n f o Article: Fracture Colloid-facilitated transport Lead Montmorillonite Humic acid a b s t r a c t Colloid

  12. New Chiral Phosphorus Ligands for Enantioselective Hydrogenation Wenjun Tang and Xumu Zhang*

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Xumu

    New Chiral Phosphorus Ligands for Enantioselective Hydrogenation Wenjun Tang and Xumu Zhang, Pennsylvania 16802 Received January 29, 2003 Contents 1. Introduction 3029 2. Chiral Phosphorus Ligands: A Historical Overview 3030 2.1. Chiral Phosphorus Ligands from 1970 to 1980 3031 2.2. Chiral Phosphorus Ligands

  13. DETECTING HIGHLIGHTS IN SPORTS VIDEOS: CRICKET AS A TEST CASE Hao Tang1,2

    E-print Network

    Tomkins, Andrew

    DETECTING HIGHLIGHTS IN SPORTS VIDEOS: CRICKET AS A TEST CASE Hao Tang1,2 , Vivek Kwatra2 , Mehmet of the video. The effectiveness of the proposed represen- tation is demonstrated on cricket video single day, tens of millions of people watch sports videos of various kinds, including soccer, cricket

  14. Symbolic Vector Analysis in Plasma Physics H. Qin, W. M. Tang, and G. Rewoldt

    E-print Network

    Symbolic Vector Analysis in Plasma Physics H. Qin, W. M. Tang, and G. Rewoldt Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 08543­451 Many problems in plasma physics involve to their problems. Several applications of this symbolic vector analysis package to plasma physics are also given

  15. Motion-Aware KNN Laplacian for Video Matting Dingzeyu Li , Qifeng Chen , Chi-Keung Tang

    E-print Network

    Grinspun, Eitan

    Motion-Aware KNN Laplacian for Video Matting Dingzeyu Li , Qifeng Chen , Chi-Keung Tang Columbia and output of [ ] are courtesy of Y.-W. Tai. e research [ ] was supported by the Hong Kong Research Grant matting. In CVPR, pages ­ , . [ ] I. Choi, M. Lee, and Y.-W. Tai. Video matting using multi-frame nonlocal

  16. Fluidic Optics George M. Whitesides* and Sindy K.Y. Tang

    E-print Network

    Prentiss, Mara

    Fluidic Optics George M. Whitesides* and Sindy K.Y. Tang Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University 12 Oxford St., Cambridge, MA 02138 ABSTRACT Fluidic optics is a new class of optical system with real-time tunability and reconfigurability enabled by the introduction of fluidic

  17. Stochastic Cooling Studies in J.M. Brennan, M. Blaskiewicz, J. Wei

    E-print Network

    Stochastic Cooling Studies in RHIC J.M. Brennan, M. Blaskiewicz, J. Wei Brookhaven National Labs showed that momentum cooling could counteract IBS and increase integrated luminosity by x 2-3 [J. Wei and A.G. Ruggiero, AD/RHIC-71 1990] #12;Bunched-beam Stochastic Cooling · What would be required

  18. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF LUNG CANCER IN XUAN WEI, CHINA: CURRENT PROGRESS, ISSUES, AND RESEARCH STRATEGIES (JOURNAL VERSION)

    EPA Science Inventory

    In Xuan Wei, a rural Chinese county of about one million people, females' annual lung cancer mortality is China's highest, and males' is among China's highest. Xuan Wei's very high indoor air pollution levels (sometimes exceeding 20 mg/m3), residentially stable population, relati...

  19. ASQA: Academia Sinica Question Answering System for NTCIR-5 CLQA Cheng-Wei Lee12

    E-print Network

    Day, Min-Yuh

    ASQA: Academia Sinica Question Answering System for NTCIR-5 CLQA Cheng-Wei Lee12 , Cheng-Wei Shih1 , Shih-Hung Wu3 , Wen-Lian Hsu1§ 1 Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, R.O.C 2 C-C (Cross Language Question Answering from Chinese to Chinese) Task. Our system, the Academia

  20. SEGMENTATION OF LIDAR DATA USING MEASURES OF DISTRIBUTION Marc Bartels and Hong Wei

    E-print Network

    Reading, University of

    SEGMENTATION OF LIDAR DATA USING MEASURES OF DISTRIBUTION Marc Bartels and Hong Wei School, UK m.bartels@reading.ac.uk, h.wei@reading.ac.uk http://www.cvg.reading.ac.uk/projects/LIDAR Commission III/3 KEY WORDS: LIDAR, point cloud, object, ground, unsupervised segmentation, skewness ABSTRACT

  1. Proceedings of the 2012 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference X. Wei and A. Kusiak

    E-print Network

    Kusiak, Andrew

    Optimization of Biogas Production Process in a Wastewater Treatment Plant Xiupeng Wei, Andrew Kusiak Department-wei@uiowa.edu Abstract Sludge is a byproduct of wastewater processing suitable for biogas production. The biogas for optimization of biogas production process in a wastewater treatment plant is presented. The process model

  2. Practical Blended Taint Analysis for JavaScript Shiyi Wei and Barbara G. Ryder

    E-print Network

    Ryder, Barbara G.

    Practical Blended Taint Analysis for JavaScript Shiyi Wei and Barbara G. Ryder Department of Computer Science Virginia Tech, USA {wei, ryder}@cs.vt.edu ABSTRACT JavaScript is widely used in Web analysis, an instantiation of our general-purpose analysis framework for JavaScript, to illus- trate how

  3. Research Article See related article by Tang et al., Cancer Prev Res 7(3):2929

    E-print Network

    Kenny, Paraic

    Is a Downstream Effector of Retinoid Prevention of Murine Basal Cell Carcinogenesis Po-Lin So1,3 , Grace Y. Wang1 , Kevin Wang1 , Mindy Chuang1 , Venice Calinisan Chiueh2 , Paraic A. Kenny4 , and Ervin H. Epstein Jr.1), robustly prevents BCCs in Ptch1Ăľ/Ă? mice (8, 9). In addi- tion, a pharmacologic pan-RAR antagonist

  4. Which Biomarkers Reveal Neonatal Sepsis? Kun Wang1,2

    E-print Network

    O'Hern, Corey S.

    Which Biomarkers Reveal Neonatal Sepsis? Kun Wang1,2 , Vineet Bhandari3 , Sofya Chepustanova1 with LASSO Logistic Regression. Citation: Wang K, Bhandari V, Chepustanova S, Huber G, O9Hara S, et al. (2013

  5. Xi Wang, Bioinformatics Division, TNLITST 1 NextGeneration Sequencing

    E-print Network

    Gu, Jin

    Xi Wang, Bioinformatics Division, TNLITST 1 NextGeneration Sequencing: Basic Mechanisms, Software Tools, and Applications Xi Wang Ph.D. Candidate MOE Key Laboratory of Bioinformatics and Bioinformatics://bioinfo.au.tsinghua.edu.cn/member/xwang Nov. 6, 2008 #12;Xi Wang, Bioinformatics Division, TNLITST 2 Outline · Currently most popular

  6. Solving structures by NMR Qinghua Wang

    E-print Network

    Hardy, Jeanne

    Solving structures by NMR Qinghua Wang 1232B LGRT 545-3473; qwang@biochem.umass.edu #12;1946 Bloch Fourier transform NMR 1975 Jeener, Ernst 2D NMR 1985 Wüthrich first solution structure of a small protein reminders from last lecture 2. The problem of sequential assignment, and how it is solved 3. Calculating

  7. The Halting Probability via Wang Tiles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregory J. Chaitin

    2008-01-01

    Using work of Hao Wang, we exhibit a tiling characterization of the bits of the halting probability . Algorithmic information theory (2) shows that pure mathematics is innitely complex and contains irreducible complexity. The canonical example of such irreducible complexity is the innite sequence of bits in the base-two expan- sion of the halting probability . The halting probability is

  8. VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1

    E-print Network

    VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F. Chan1 , Paul M. Thompson3 and Brain Research Institute, UCLA School of Medicine 4 Department of Mathematics, Harvard University. In this paper, we apply these two techniques to brain mapping problem. We use a tetrahedral mesh to represent

  9. Associate Professor Li-Lian Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Li-Lian

    /13), Fast simulation of high-frequency, multiscale acoustic and electromagnetic waves, PI: Wang Li-Lian, Co of Science and Technology, China. Employment History Mar. 2012 Associate Professor, Nanyang Technological wave simulations with applications to metamaterials including invisibility cloaks, nearly zero

  10. Shoot the Moon Wang Sang Koon

    E-print Network

    Koon, Wang Sang

    1 AAS 00-166 Shoot the Moon Wang Sang Koon , Martin W. Lo* , Jerrold E. Marsden , Shane D. Ross at the Moon which required less V than a standard Hohmann transfer to the Moon. In this paper, we apply the same dynamical systems techniques used to produce the "Petit Grand Tour" of Jovian moons to reproduce

  11. News Release Welcome to Dr. Ruisheng Wang

    E-print Network

    Calgary, University of

    the appointment of Dr. Ruisheng Wang as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Geomatics EngineeringGill University, an M.Sc.E in Geomatics from the University of New Brunswick, and a B.Eng. in Geomatics Corporation in Chicago, Il., USA. His area of research is in Computer Vision, Geomatics

  12. Antioxidant and Antiadipogenic Activities of Galkeun-Tang, a Traditional Korean Herbal Formula

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ohn-Soon; Seo, Chang-Seob; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo

    2014-01-01

    Galkeun-tang (GKT; Galgen-tang in Chinese and Kakkon-to in Japanese), a traditional herbal formula, has been used for treatment of the common cold. Here, we report in vitro antioxidant and antiadipogenic effects of GKT. GKT increased the activities of scavenging 2,2?-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. GKT also significantly reduced the malondialdehyde (MDA) generation during low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation and the electrophoretic mobility of oxidized LDL, indicating inhibitory effects of GKT on Cu2+-mediated oxidation of LDL. Regarding antiadipogenic activity, GKT treatment significantly suppressed lipid accumulation, triglyceride production, and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Consistent with this, GKT significantly reduced the secretion of leptin, a major adipokine, in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Overall, our findings suggest that GKT has the potential for antioxidative and antiadipogenic properties. PMID:25574183

  13. Can rhizoma chuanxiong replace radix Angelica sinensis in the traditional Chinese herbal decoction danggui buxue tang?

    PubMed

    Li, Winnie Z M; Li, Jun; Bi, Cathy W C; Cheung, Anna W H; Huang, Wen; Duan, Ran; Choi, Roy C Y; Chen, Ivy S Y; Zhao, Kui J; Dong, Tina T X; Duan, Jin A; Tsim, Karl W K

    2009-05-01

    Herein, we test the hypothesis that a member of a formulated Chinese herbal decoction cannot be replaced by another herb. Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) is being used as an example for illustration: this is a traditional decoction containing Radix Astragali (RA) and Radix Angelicae Sinensis (RAS) in a weight ratio of 5 to 1. Rhizoma Chuanxiong (RC) and RAS are two chemically very similar herbs but with a distinct function. Following the preparation method of DBT, a herbal decoction, namely Chuanxiong Buxue Tang (CBT), was created, which contained RA and RC in a weight ratio of 5 to 1. The two decoctions, DBT and CBT, were compared in parallel regarding their chemical and biological properties. In all the tested parameters, DBT showed superior properties, both chemically and biologically, to that of CBT. The current results reveal the uniqueness of Chinese herbal decoctions that require a well-defined formulation, which is indispensable for its specific composition. PMID:19204892

  14. The gluon-induced Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hentschinski, M.; Madrigal Martínez, J. D.; Murdaca, B.; Sabio Vera, A.

    2014-12-01

    We complete the computation of the Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order (NLO) initiated in [1] and presented in [2] by computing the real corrections associated with gluons in the initial state making use of Lipatov's effective action. NLO corrections for this effective vertex are an important ingredient for a reliable description of large rapidity gap phenomenology within the BFKL approach.

  15. Verification of efficacy as an ergogenic aid and safety in doping of sibjeondaebo-tang

    PubMed Central

    Yoo, Hyun Jin; Choi, Geun Hoon; Lee, Man Gyoon; Kang, Chang Kyun; Park, Hyon

    2014-01-01

    [Purpose] Various kinds of food substances from all over the world have been proposed to use as ergogenic aids for the additional improvement of exercise performance especially in athletes. Herb medicine which usually being applied for the cure of disease is used as a performance booster in several far eastern countries including Korea. Many scientists and coaches have asked very objective verifications on the reality of herb medicines practically used but never been scientifically elucidated well enough. In addition to the possibility as an ergogenic aid, the safety in doping is the critical factor to be examined thoroughly. In this study, Sibjeondaebo-Tang, a leading popular prescribed herb medicine in Korea, was examined. [Methods] After the intake of Sibjeondaebo-Tang, its effects on VO2max, recovery from fatigue, and doping safety through the official process as WADA suggested. Six volunteered male Taekwondo Pumsae players were subjected in a repeatedly examined protocol. [Results] First of all, every subjects showed ‘negative’ in doping test, and the treatment did not show any significant improvement on VO2max even though there was a significant decrease in blood lactate level on a step test. [Conclusion] In conclusion, Sibjeondaebo-Tang may have some limited effects as a fatigue delayer and the use of it showed safe to doping test with the strict limitation as the way in this study. So we should abstain from the over-interpreted application of the results so far. PMID:25566455

  16. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Lin-lin; Zhang, Xin; Liu, Wen-juan; Li, Mei; Zhang, Yong-hua

    2015-01-01

    Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC) for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n = 60) and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n = 59). Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P = 0.029), the PSQI (P = 0.017), and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P = 0.008) scores and improved sleep architecture (P = 0.000–0.003) after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  17. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 2. Diffusion

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 2 of diffusion?) Here we use diffusion to illustrate many aspects of statistical mechanics · the concept

  18. Efficient maxima-finding algorithms for random planar samples Wei-Mei Chen

    E-print Network

    Tsai, Tsung-Hsi

    Efficient maxima-finding algorithms for random planar samples Wei-Mei Chen Department of Applied Mathematics Tatung University Taipei 104 Taiwan Hsien-Kuei Hwang, Tsung-Hsi Tsai Institute of Statistical

  19. Dynamic Trace Selection Using Performance Monitoring Hardware Sampling Howard Chen, Wei-Chung Hsu,

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Dynamic Trace Selection Using Performance Monitoring Hardware Sampling Howard Chen, Wei-Chung Hsu}@cs.umn.edu Dong-Yuan Chen Microprocessor ResearchLabs Intel dychen@intel.com Abstract Optimizing programs at run

  20. CITRIC: A Low-Bandwidth Wireless Camera Network Phoebus Wei-Chih Chen

    E-print Network

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    CITRIC: A Low-Bandwidth Wireless Camera Network Platform Phoebus Wei-Chih Chen Parvez Ahammad Colby-BANDWIDTH WIRELESS CAMERA NETWORK PLATFORM Phoebus Chen , Parvez Ahammad , Colby Boyer , Shih-I Huang§ , Leon Lin

  1. Collaborative Augmented Reality: A Prototype for Industrial Training Xiao Wei Zhong1

    E-print Network

    Alberta, University of

    Collaborative Augmented Reality: A Prototype for Industrial Training Xiao Wei Zhong1 , Pierre of a collaborative industrial teletraining system, based on distributed augmented reality. Augmented reality the training tasks. Keyword: Augmented Reality, Wearable Computing, Computer Supported Collaborative Work

  2. Last update: March 20, 2005. Introduction to Zhi-Wei Sun's Papers on Covers

    E-print Network

    Yu, Liang

    Last update: March 20, 2005. Introduction to Zhi-Wei Sun's Papers on Covers Z. W. Sun 1. Zhi-Wei Sun and Zhi-Hong Sun, Some results on covering systems of congru- ences, J. Southwest-China Teachers.e. irredundant) cover of Z for any prime power p dividing some of n1, · · · , nk we have |{1 s k : p | ns}| p

  3. Last update: April 16, 2006. Introduction to Zhi-Wei Sun's Papers on Covers

    E-print Network

    Sun, Zhi-Wei

    Last update: April 16, 2006. Introduction to Zhi-Wei Sun's Papers on Covers Z. W. Sun 1. Zhi-Wei Sun and Zhi-Hong Sun, Some results on covering systems of congru- ences, J. Southwest-China Teachers.e. irredundant) cover of Z for any prime power p dividing some of n1, · · · , nk we have |{1 s k : p | ns}| p

  4. High-performance liquid chromatography determination and pharmacokinetics of coumarin compounds after oral administration of Samul-Tang to rats

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Youn-Hwan; Cho, Won-Kyung; Jang, Doorye; Ha, Jeong-Ho; Ma, Jin Yeul

    2014-01-01

    Background: Samul-tang has been traditionally used for the treatment of cardiovascular, gynecologic, cutaneous, and chronic inflammation disorders. Although coumarin compounds do have various pharmacological activities and the same may be present in Samul-tang, however there is little information about it. Objective: A simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed for the determination of nodakenin, nodakenetin, decursin, decursinol, and decursinol angelate in rat plasma. To obtain a better understanding for pharmacological properties of Samul-tang, pharmacokinetic study of coumarin compounds was performed after oral administration of Samul-tang in rats. Materials and Methods: Chromatographic separation of the analytes was successfully achieved on a Phenomenex Luna C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 ?m) using a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile water with a gradient elution at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. Noncompartmental analysis was performed. Results: Calibration curves for all analytes had good linearity (r2 <0.999) in a wide linear range. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) ranged from 0.05 to 0.1 ?g/mL. The variation of intra- and interday assay was less than 15%. Nodakenin, nodakenetin, and decursinol were determined in rat plasma after oral administration of Samul-tang. Conclusion: This developed and validated HPLC method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of three coumarin compounds in rats, given as a single oral administration of Samul-tang. These pharmacokinetic data of the nodakenin, nodakenetin, and decursinol could offer a new point of view to evaluate the pharmacological effects of Samul-tang. PMID:24696544

  5. [Wang Renzhong, Chen Muhua stress family planning].

    PubMed

    1981-01-15

    Wang Renzhong, secretary of the Secretariat of the CCP Central Committee, and Chen Muhua, vice premier of the State Council, addressed the national discussion meeting on propaganda for family planning. Wang Renzhong stated that if population control and family planning continue to be overlooked, population growth will become a calamity in the future. He identified family planning as a permanent strategic task and said that more publicity should be given to family planning, particularly in the rural areas. Chen Muhua discussed her recent briefing to Vice Chairman Deng on the progress made in family planning during 1980 and the current problems. She reported that Vice Chairman Deng expressed satisfaction over the 1980 achievements in family planning. Deng advised creating public opinion in favor of family planning. The national discussion meeting on propaganda for family planning was held in Beijing during January. Measures for implementing "major points of propaganda on controlling China's population growth" were studied. PMID:12264003

  6. Bioluminescence Assisted Switching and Fluorescence Imaging Luyuan Zhang, Fang Xu, Zhixing Chen, Xinxin Zhu, and Wei Min*

    E-print Network

    Yuste, Rafael

    Bioluminescence Assisted Switching and Fluorescence Imaging (BASFI) Luyuan Zhang, Fang Xu, Zhixing Chen, Xinxin Zhu, and Wei Min* Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027

  7. Weighted Lin-Wang Tests for Crossing Hazards

    PubMed Central

    Koziol, James A.; Jia, Zhenyu

    2014-01-01

    Lin and Wang have introduced a quadratic version of the logrank test, appropriate for situations in which the underlying survival distributions may cross. In this note, we generalize the Lin-Wang procedure to incorporate weights and investigate the performance of Lin and Wang's test and weighted versions in various scenarios. We find that weighting does increase statistical power in certain situations; however, none of the procedures was dominant under every scenario. PMID:24795776

  8. The Anticancer Properties and Apoptosis-inducing Mechanisms of Cinnamaldehyde and the Herbal Prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (????? Huáng Lián Ji? Dú Tang) in Human Hepatoma Cells

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Liang-Tzung; Wu, Shu-Jing; Lin, Chun-Ching

    2013-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has long been one of the most important causes of cancer mortality in the world. Many natural products and traditional herbal medicines have been used to treat HCC in Asian countries such as Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and China. The present review aims to describe the anticancer properties and apoptotic mechanisms of cinnamaldehyde, the bioactive ingredient isolated from cinnamon trees, and the herbal prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (????? Huáng Lián Ji? Dú Tang; HLJDT) against human hepatoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Implication of their treatment for the development of targeted therapy against HCC is discussed. PMID:24716182

  9. The Consequences of Floral Herbivory for Pollinator Service to Isomeris arborea Author(s): Gary A. Krupnick, Arthur E. Weis, Diane R. Campbell

    E-print Network

    Weis, Arthur

    . Krupnick, Arthur E. Weis, Diane R. Campbell Source: Ecology, Vol. 80, No. 1 (Jan., 1999), pp. 125 THE CONSEQUENCES OF FLORAL HERBIVORY FOR POLLINATOR SERVICE TO ISOMERISARBOREA GARY A. KRUPNICK,1 ARTHUR E. WEIS

  10. The Effect of Floral Herbivory on Male and Female Reproductive Success in Isomeris arborea Author(s): Gary A. Krupnick and Arthur E. Weis

    E-print Network

    Weis, Arthur

    (s): Gary A. Krupnick and Arthur E. Weis Source: Ecology, Vol. 80, No. 1 (Jan., 1999), pp. 135-149 Published' AND ARTHUR E. WEIS Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine

  11. Rapid evolution of flowering time by an annual plant in response to a climate fluctuation Steven J. Franks, Sheina Sim, and Arthur E. Weis

    E-print Network

    Weis, Arthur

    . Franks, Sheina Sim, and Arthur E. Weis doi:10.1073/pnas.0608379104 2007;104;1278-1282; originally fluctuation Steven J. Franks*, Sheina Sim, and Arthur E. Weis Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

  12. Natural radioactivity in sediment of Wei River, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Xinwei; Zhang, Xiaolan; Wang, Fengling

    2008-02-01

    The concentrations of natural radionuclides in sediment of Wei River of China were measured using ?-ray spectrometry with the aim of estimating the radiation hazard as establishing a database for radioactivity levels of river sediment of China. The activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in sediment samples ranged from 10.4 to 39.9 Bq kg-1, 15.3 to 54.8 Bq kg-1 and 514.8 to 1,175.5 Bq kg-1, respectively. The concentrations of these radionuclides were compared with the typical world values and the average activities of Chinese soil and Shaanxi soil. Radium equivalent activity (Raeq), external hazard index ( H ex) and representative level index ( I ?r) were calculated for the samples to assess the radiation hazards arising due to the use of these sediment samples in the construction of dwellings. All the sediment samples have Raeq lower than the limit of 370 Bq kg-1, H ex less than unity and I ?r close to 1 Bq kg-1. The overall mean outdoor terrestrial gamma dose rate is 64.8 nGy h-1 and the corresponding outdoor annual effective dose is 0.079 mSv. None of the studied location is considered a radiological risk and sediment can be safely used in construction.

  13. Substrate-Independent Palladium Atomic Layer Deposition By Jay J. Senkevich,* Fu Tang, Diana Rogers, Jason T. Drotar, Christopher Jezewski, William A. Lanford, Gwo-Ching Wang,

    E-print Network

    Wang, Gwo-Ching

    on iridium at 80 C and 130 C via a hydrogen process or on the Pd seed layer at 80 C. The 60 Pd film grown on oxide-terminated surfaces and the lack of appropriate re- ducing agents. The lack of chemisorption with palladium(II) hexafluoroacetylacetonate [PdII (hfac)2] on oxidized Ta, Cu, and P surfaces has been shown

  14. Plasma-Assisted Atomic Layer Deposition of Palladium By Gregory A. Ten Eyck,* Jay J. Senkevich, Fu Tang, Deli Liu, Samuk Pimanpang, Tansel Karaback, Gwo-Ching Wang,

    E-print Network

    Wang, Gwo-Ching

    using remote hydrogen plasma as the reducing source and agent. Palladium was deposited on iridium be implemented at the lowest process temperature.[6] To date, Pd ALD has not achieved success on oxide

  15. Wang's resume (by 1/2014) Zhong Lin (Z.L.) Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Zhong L.

    . Wang: report on triboelectric nanogenerators: Reuters: http://news.yahoo.com/video/researchers-tap-power-motion-energy-013803650.html Georgia Tech: http://www.news.gatech.edu/2013/12/07/harvesting-electricity-triboelectric- generators-capture-wasted-power New Scientists: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22129504.400-collapsing-backpack-charges

  16. Wang, Yuan-Fang 4 of 35 Thesis Students Supervised

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yuan-Fang

    Wang, Yuan-Fang 4 of 35 Thesis Students Supervised NAME DEGREE THESIS TITTLE DATE Pandey, Arvind M Krushner, Doug M.S. Bion: An Implantable Neural Stimulation Device June, 2002 #12;Wang, Yuan-Fang 5 of 35 for Computing Dense Optical Flow Fields with Flexible and Robust Regularization September, 2009 Chao-I, Chen Ph

  17. An Integrative Approach to Identifying Biologically Relevant Genes Jiangxin Wang

    E-print Network

    Liu, Huan

    ALL. Unsupervised (ACC: 0.61, REL: 7 ) SFRS5 TM9SF1 WTAP GPSM3 STAC3 POMP SLC25A6 Supervised (ACC: 0An Integrative Approach to Identifying Biologically Relevant Genes Zheng Zhao Jiangxin Wang {zhaozheng, jiangxin.wang, sssharma, agarwal.nitin, huan.liu, yung.chang}@asu.edu Abstract Gene selection

  18. CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF INDOOR AIR OF HOMES FROM COMMUNES IN XUAN WEI, CHINA, WITH HIGH LUNG CANCER MORTALITY RATES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper discusses the chemical characterization of indoor air of homes from communes in Xuan Wei, China, with a high lung cancer mortality rate. (NOTE: In Xuan Wei, a rural county, the lung cancer mortality rate is among China's highest, especially in women. This mortality rate...

  19. CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF MUTAGENIC FRACTIONS OF PARTICLES FORM INDOOR COAL COMBUSTION: A STUDY OF LUNG CANCER IN XUAN WEI, CHINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    In the rural Xuan Wei County, Yunnan Province, women's lung cancer mortality rates are among the highest in China. ost of these women are nonsmokers and studies have shown that lung cancer in Xuan Wei is associated with domestic use of smoky coal under unvented conditions. o inve...

  20. Analysis of LIDAR Data Fused with Co-Registered Bands Marc Bartels, Hong Wei and James Ferryman

    E-print Network

    Reading, University of

    Analysis of LIDAR Data Fused with Co-Registered Bands Marc Bartels, Hong Wei and James FerrymanAY, United Kingdom m.bartels@reading.ac.uk, h.wei@reading.ac.uk http://www.cvg.reading.ac.uk/projects/LIDAR Abstract In the past decade, LIght Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) has been recognised by both the commercial

  1. Walker-Wang models and axion electrodynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von Keyserlingk, C. W.; Burnell, F. J.

    2015-01-01

    We connect a family of gauge theories (Maxwell theories with a magnetoelectric coupling ? =2 ? k ,k ?Z ) to the family of 3D topological lattice models introduced by Walker and Wang. In particular, we show that the lattice Hamiltonians capture a certain strong-coupling limit of these gauge theories, in which the system enters a gapped (confined) phase. We discuss the relationship between the topological order exhibited by certain of these lattice Hamiltonians and the characteristic electromagnetic response of the symmetry-protected bosonic topological insulator.

  2. Evolution of the Orszag-Tang vortex system in a compressible medium. II - Supersonic flow

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Picone, J. Michael; Dahlburg, Russell B.

    1991-01-01

    A study is presented on the effect of embedded supersonic flows and the resulting emerging shock waves on phenomena associated with MHD turbulence, including reconnection, the formation of current sheets and vortex structures, and the evolution of spatial and temporal correlations among physical variables. A two-dimensional model problem, the Orszag-Tang (1979) vortex system, is chosen, which involves decay from nonrandom initial conditions. The system is doubly periodic, and the initial conditions consist of single-mode solenoidal velocity and magnetic fields, each containing X points and O points. The initial mass density is flat, and the initial pressure fluctuations are incompressible, balancing the local forces for a magnetofluid of unit mass density. Results on the evolution of the local structure of the flow field, the global properties of the system, and spectral correlations are presented. The important dynamical properties and observational consequences of embedded supersonic regions and emerging shocks in the Orszag-Tang model of an MHD system undergoing reconnection are discussed. Conclusions are drawn regarding the effects of local supersonic regions on MHD turbulence.

  3. Petrology and structural modeling of skarn genesis in the Tange-Hana area (SW Iran)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moradipoor, Mahshid; Samani, Babak

    2010-05-01

    Tang-e-Hana region is located in the Snandaj-Sirjan structural zone in the Northwestern of Neyriz in the East of Fars province. The area mainly consist of ultramafic (harzburgite, dunite, wehrlite), mafic (gabbro) and marble rocks which partly changed to skarn. Contact of ultramafic rocks and Cretaceous calcite unites cause to form marble and skarn rocks in the study area. The main minerals in skarns are garnet (andradite+grossular), clinopyroxene (diopside, hedenbergite) Vesuvianite, Scapolite, wollastonite and magnetite. The skarn rocks show different temporal compound, so that the formation of wollastonite and garnet show gradual increase and decrease from SE to NW of the study area. The existence of wollastonite in the skarns of northern part of Tang-e-Hana is due to high temperature gradient and Xco2. According to microprobe analysis and field studies the temperature and Xco2 of the skarn rocks at the time of generation was estimated between 600?-800? and 0.03-0.3. Also the effective pressure of Oxygen was changed between 10-12 to 10-28 . In this paper we try to explain the changes of mention parameters with application of structural evolution models.

  4. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Designing a Formal Proposal for a LFS Community Kitchen

    E-print Network

    Proposal for a LFS Community Kitchen Wen Zhe (Wilson) Tang Cecilia Wong WeiWei Mao Ralph Yu Yu-Chen (Jen - Scenario 6 Designing a Formal Proposal For a LFS Community Kitchen Group #4 Wen Zhe (Wilson) Tang Cecilia Wong WeiWei Mao Ralph Yu Yu-Chen (Jen) Hsu #12;- 2 - TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT

  5. Microplatforms for Avian Malaria Studies Yu-Hsiang Hsu, Peiran Lu, and William C. Tang*, Senior Member, IEEE

    E-print Network

    Tang, William C

    Microplatforms for Avian Malaria Studies Yu-Hsiang Hsu, Peiran Lu, and William C. Tang*, Senior infected to various degrees by the malaria parasite Plasmodium gallinaceum. The preliminary finding points to the feasibility of using the morphological changes on the surface of the malaria infected avian RBC (mia

  6. A Novel Micro-Strip Phased-Array based Semi-Smart Antenna Hongyan Tang, Robert Donnan and Clive Parini

    E-print Network

    Haddadi, Hamed

    A Novel Micro-Strip Phased-Array based Semi-Smart Antenna Hongyan Tang, Robert Donnan and Clive from the base station following the negotiation, a novel micro-strip, phased-array antenna with single the base station following the negotiation, a phased array antenna is introduced. However, electronic phase

  7. Co-registration of Bone CT and SPECT Images Using Mutual Information Lisa Tang, Ghassan Hamarneh, and Anna Celler

    E-print Network

    Hamarneh, Ghassan

    for attenuation correction of SPECT images and fusion of the anatomic details from CT and the functionalCo-registration of Bone CT and SPECT Images Using Mutual Information Lisa Tang, Ghassan Hamarneh an automatic and accurate technique for 3D co-registration of SPECT and CT. The method will allow

  8. POMDP Planning for High Level UAV Decisions: Search vs. Strike Doug Schesvold, Jingpeng Tang, Benzir Md Ahmed, Karl Altenburg,

    E-print Network

    Nygard, Kendall E.

    is destroyed when it strikes a target. When a UAV detects a target, a decision has to be made whether. Each UAV maintains its own private list of detected targets. Once a target is detected, a Search vsPOMDP Planning for High Level UAV Decisions: Search vs. Strike Doug Schesvold, Jingpeng Tang

  9. [Study on pharmacological ingredients of wuzhuyu tang treating migraine by correlating absorption ingredients in everted intestinal sac and pharmacodynamics].

    PubMed

    Pan, Xue-Qiang; Wu, Yan-Chuan; Gong, Mu-Xin; Xu, Yong-Song; Wang, Zhi-Min; Zhang, Qi-Wei; Shang, Ya-Wen; Lu, Xu-Ran; Song, Ya-Fang

    2014-01-01

    Wuzhuyu Tang is a classical formula for treating migraine, but its' pharmacological ingredients is unclear yet. Present study employed the everted intestinal sac model to collect the absorption samples of 10 kinds of Wuzhuyu decoction, and then analyzed the contents of 9 ingredients in Wuzhuyu Tang and absorption samples quantitatively or semi-quantitatively by HPLC-DAD method. Reserpine was used to establish the mice model of migraine, and then the contents and activities of 5-hydroxytryptamine, noradrenaline, dopamine, nitric oxide and nitricoxide synthase in brain tissues and serums were determined respectively after oral administration of Wuzhuyu Tang. Using the partial least squares regression method to correlate the total absorption quantity of 9 ingredients and pharmacodynamics. The result shows that limocitrin-3-O-beta-D-glucoside, ginsenoside Rg1 and Rb1, rutaevine, limonin, evodiamine and rutaecarpine are the main ingredients influenced the effects in absorption samples in everted intestinal sacs, especially ginsenoside Rg1, rutaevine, evodiamine and rutaecarpine among them have obvious improving effects to most pharmacodynamics index, might be the pharmacological ingredients influenced the therapeutical effects of Wuzhuyu Tang treating migraine. PMID:24754181

  10. Yin Chen Hao Tang, a Chinese prescription, inhibits both herpes simplex virus type-1 and type-2 infections in vitro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hua-Yew Cheng; Liang-Tzung Lin; Hsin-Hsin Huang; Chien-Min Yang; Chun-Ching Lin

    2008-01-01

    Yin Chen Hao Tang (YCHT) is one of the most frequently used prescriptions in the long history of traditional Chinese medicine practice. The prescription contains three Chinese herbs, namely Artemisia capillaries Thunb. (Compositae), Rheum officinale Baillon (Polygonaceae), and Gardenia jasminoids Ellis (Rubiaceae), and has been widely used to treat acute hepatitis with jaundice. In this study, the in vitro anti-HSV-1

  11. Oil price shocks and their short-and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a

    E-print Network

    Matthews, Adrian

    Oil price shocks and their short- and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a , Libo-correction model Oil-price shocks Price transmission mechanisms Investment Output Producer/consumer price index of oil-price shocks for the developed economies. However, there has been a lack of similar empirical

  12. Stochastic Lagrangian dynamics for charged flows in the E-F regions of Wenbo Tang and Alex Mahalov

    E-print Network

    Tang, Wenbo

    Stochastic Lagrangian dynamics for charged flows in the E-F regions of ionosphere Wenbo Tang-grid planar retarding potential analyzers Phys. Plasmas 18, 012905 (2011) Auroral hot-ion dynamo model-based observations and plasma instabilities in auroral substorms Phys. Plasmas 8, 1104 (2001) Additional information

  13. Comparison of Swendsen-Wang and Heat-Bath Dynamics

    E-print Network

    Mario Ullrich

    2013-05-22

    We prove that the spectral gap of the Swendsen-Wang process for the Potts model on graphs with bounded degree is bounded from below by some constant times the spectral gap of any single-spin dynamics. This implies rapid mixing of the Swendsen-Wang process for the two-dimensional Potts model at all temperatures above the critical one, as well as rapid mixing at the critical temperature for the Ising model. After this we introduce a modified version of the Swendsen-Wang algorithm for planar graphs and prove rapid mixing for the two-dimensional Potts models at all non-critical temperatures.

  14. Numerical simulation of the compressible Orszag-Tang vortex 2. Supersonic flow

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Picone, J. M.; Dahlburg, Russell B.

    1990-01-01

    The numerical investigation of the Orszag-Tang vortex system in compressible magnetofluids will consider initial conditions with embedded supersonic regions. The simulations have initial average Mach numbers 1.0 and 1.5 and beta 10/3 with Lundquist numbers 50, 100, or 200. The behavior of the system differs significantly from that found previously for the incompressible and subsonic analogs. Shocks form at the downstream boundaries of the embedded supersonic regions outside the central magnetic X-point and produce strong local current sheets which dissipate appreciable magnetic energy. Reconnection at the central X-point, which dominates the incompressible and subsonic systems, peaks later and has a smaller impact as M increases from 0.6 to 1.5. Similarly, correlation between the momentum and magnetic field begins significant growth later than in subsonic and incompressible flows. The shocks bound large compression regions, which dominate the wavenumber spectra of autocorrelations in mass density, velocity, and magnetic field.

  15. Danggui Buxue Tang Inhibits 2,4-Dinitrochlorobenzene: Induced Atopic Dermatitis in Mice

    PubMed Central

    Fang, Li-Wen; Cheng, Chao-Chun; Hwang, Tzann-Shun; Huang, Wen-Chung; Liou, Chian-Jiun; Chen, Wen-Chyuan; Wu, Shu-Ju

    2015-01-01

    Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) is a herbal decoction that has been used in Chinese medicine to enhance qi and blood circulation. Previously, we found that DBT can suppress allergy-related asthma in mice, leading us to hypothesize that DBT might ameliorate allergy disease. In this study, we evaluated whether DBT can attenuate atopic dermatitis (AD) symptoms and have an anti-inflammatory effect on AD-like mice. The dorsal skin of female mice was shaved and sensitized cutaneously (skin smear) with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene. Mice were then given various doses of DBT from days 14 to 29 cutaneously. DBT treatment suppressed ear swelling and skin inflammation and decreased mast cell and eosinophil infiltration into skin and ear tissue. DBT also inhibited levels of IgE and Th2-associated cytokine levels in serum. These results demonstrate that cutaneous administration of DBT reduced the development of AD-like skin lesions in mice.

  16. Integer DCT-based Image Coding Changjiang Wei Pengwei Hao Qingyun Shi

    E-print Network

    Hao, Pengwei

    Integer DCT-based Image Coding Changjiang Wei Pengwei Hao Qingyun Shi National Lab on Machine now. In this paper, a novel embedded image coding scheme based on integer reversible DCT is proposed DCT transform matrix into a series of integer reversible transform matrices. We apply the series

  17. Low Power Techniques for Address Encoding and Memory Allocation Wei-Chung Cheng and Massoud Pedram

    E-print Network

    Pedram, Massoud

    Low Power Techniques for Address Encoding and Memory Allocation Wei-Chung Cheng and Massoud Pedram addresses) or internal (between the row and column addresses of the same address). To eliminate the external Modern electronic systems have a dichotomy of simultaneously needing to be low power and high performance

  18. TRAVELING VORTEX HELICES FOR SCHRODINGER MAP EQUATIONS JUNCHENG WEI AND JUN YANG

    E-print Network

    Wei, Jun-cheng

    vortex motion relative to the fluid is possible in the presence of other vortices and it displaysTRAVELING VORTEX HELICES FOR SCHR¨ODINGER MAP EQUATIONS JUNCHENG WEI AND JUN YANG Abstract. We construct traveling wave solutions with vortex helix structures for the Schr¨odinger map equation m t = m

  19. TRAVELING VORTEX HELICIES FOR SCHRODINGER MAP EQUATION JUNCHENG WEI AND JUN YANG

    E-print Network

    Wei, Jun-cheng

    vortex motion relative to the fluid is possible in the presence of other vortices and it displaysTRAVELING VORTEX HELICIES FOR SCHR¨ODINGER MAP EQUATION JUNCHENG WEI AND JUN YANG Abstract. We construct traveling wave solutions with vortex helices for the Schr¨odinger map equation m t = m � (m - m3e3

  20. Phase-field model for dielectric breakdown in solids Krishna Chaitanya Pitike and Wei Hong*

    E-print Network

    Hong, Wei

    1 Phase-field model for dielectric breakdown in solids Krishna Chaitanya Pitike and Wei Hong dielectric breakdown and fracture of solids, this paper develops a phase field model for the electric damage of a conductive crack is derived and used to model dielectric breakdown [11]. Considering the one

  1. Unsupervised Hierarchical Modeling of Locomotion Styles Wei Pan PWAY@CS.DARTMOUTH.EDU

    E-print Network

    Torresani, Lorenzo

    of the model on several applica- tion problems such as style clustering, animation, style blending, and fillingUnsupervised Hierarchical Modeling of Locomotion Styles Wei Pan PWAY@CS.DARTMOUTH.EDU Lorenzo human locomotion styles, such as distinct related activities (e.g. run- ning and striding) or variations

  2. c Copyright by Tzu-Chieh Wei, 2004 QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT: GEOMETRIC QUANTIFICATION AND

    E-print Network

    Goldbart, Paul M.

    . It is determined analytically for arbitrary two-qubit mixed states, generalized Werner, and isotropic statesc Copyright by Tzu-Chieh Wei, 2004 #12;QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT: GEOMETRIC QUANTIFICATION of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2004 Urbana, Illinois #12;QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT: GEOMETRIC QUANTIFICATION

  3. A New Reference Correlation for the Viscosity of Methanol Hong Wei Xiang,a...

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    A New Reference Correlation for the Viscosity of Methanol Hong Wei Xiang,a... Arno Laesecke for the viscosity of methanol is presented that is valid over the entire fluid region, including vapor, liquid coefficient is developed from experimental data and applied to methanol. The high-density contribution

  4. Sybil Defenses in Mobile Social Networks Wei Chang, Jie Wu, Chiu C. Tan, and Feng Li

    E-print Network

    Wu, Jie

    Sybil Defenses in Mobile Social Networks Wei Chang, Jie Wu, Chiu C. Tan, and Feng Li Temple}@temple.edu, fengli@iupui.edu Abstract--Mobile social networks are vulnerable to Sybil attacks. By creating a large number of fake identities, malicious users can gain a disproportionately high benefit through a Byzantine

  5. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 6. Thermodynamics

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 6 of heat and its conver- sion to mechanical, electrical and chemical energy. (The Webster pocket dictionary in macro- scopic systems. Temperature is a state quantity which is unknown in classical mechanics

  6. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 7. Entropy

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 7 of nature (e.g. classical mechanics, electromagnetism, relativity, quantum mechanics) are time reversible. In classical mechanics, the trajectories of individual particles are completely reversible. One cannot tell

  7. CORRECTING THE TYPE DESIGNATION OF PHOEBE CALCAREA S. K. LEE & F. N. WEI (LAURACEAE)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The name Phoebe calcarea S. K. Lee & F. N. Wei is in current use for a tree species of Lauraceae endemic to Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region in southern China. However, the type gathering cited in the protologue and the cited isotype bears characters prominently conflicting with the protologue, in...

  8. Strongly birefringent metamaterials as negative index terahertz wave plates P. Weis,1,2,a

    E-print Network

    plates with high transmission in the terahertz regime. The wave plates are based on strongly birefringentStrongly birefringent metamaterials as negative index terahertz wave plates P. Weis,1,2,a O. Paul,1 reported at terahertz frequencies. © 2009 American Institute of Physics. doi:10.1063/1.3253414 In the past

  9. Shaopeng Zhang, Wei Jeng A Facebook Companion for an Adaptive Social Site

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    1 Shaopeng Zhang, Wei Jeng A Facebook Companion for an Adaptive Social. The first alternative is to develop a Facebook application with a wide range of functionalities to view and share event information from Eventur on Facebook platform. While we were discussing with Danielle

  10. Observation of trapped light within the radiation contin-Chia Wei Hsu1,2

    E-print Network

    Soljačić, Marin

    Observation of trapped light within the radiation contin- uum Chia Wei Hsu1,2 , Bo Zhen1 , Jeongwon in a contin- uum of radiation modes--that is not due to symmetry incompatibility5­8,10­16 . Such a bound 1 #12

  11. Human Placement for Maximum Dexterity Karim Abdel-Malek and Wei Yu

    E-print Network

    Abdel-Malek, Karim

    1 Human Placement for Maximum Dexterity Karim Abdel-Malek and Wei Yu Department of Mechanical/her dexterity, minimize the person's stress on each joint, and maximize their reach. This paper presents is indeed an optimization problem with many parameters. While only dexterity is presented in this paper

  12. Synthesis of an Application-Specific Soft Multiprocessor Jason Cong, Guoling Han and Wei Jiang

    E-print Network

    Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

    System-on-a-Chip on FPGA platforms. In particular, soft processors on FPGAs (e.g., MicroBlaze from XilinxSynthesis of an Application-Specific Soft Multiprocessor System Jason Cong, Guoling Han and Wei ABSTRACT The application-specific multiprocessor System-on-a-Chip is a promising design alternative because

  13. Around Montgomery's trick: A taste of a bit hack Marc Moreno Maza (after Wei Pan's notes)

    E-print Network

    Moreno Maza, Marc

    Around Montgomery's trick: A taste of a bit hack Marc Moreno Maza (after Wei Pan's notes of a bit hack #12;Introduction Let a, b, p be number-like objects (integer numbers, univariate polynomials over a field) and such that p {-1, 0, 1}. Around Montgomery's trick: A taste of a bit hack #12

  14. Simple high-pressure cell for neutron scattering Wei E&o and C. Broholma)

    E-print Network

    Broholm, Collin Leslie

    Simple high-pressure cell for neutron scattering Wei E&o and C. Broholma) The Johns Hopkins August 1994; accepted for publication 16 October 1994) A high-pressure cell, capable of 8 kbar as low as 1.5 K. The simple seal design described here can easily be adopted to other high-pressure

  15. Orientation of core-shell nanoparticles in an electric field Jonghyun Park and Wei Lua

    E-print Network

    Lu, Wei

    Orientation of core-shell nanoparticles in an electric field Jonghyun Park and Wei Lua Department many applications. This letter investigates the induced torque and orientation of such nanoparticles orientation, even when the shell is thin and takes only a small portion of the total volume. For lossy

  16. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 1. Introduction

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 1. Introduction January 7, 2011 Statistical Mechanics · is the theory with which we analyze the behavior of natural or spontaneous fluctuations -- Chandler "Introduction to Modern Statistical Mechanics" (1987

  17. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 3. Probability

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 3 9 7 Useful theorems 10 1 #12;Statistical mechanics is an inherently probabilistic description, "Statistical Mechanics of Particles". 1 Definitions The Sample Space is the set of all logically possible

  18. LUNG CANCER AND INDOOR EXPOSURE OF UNVENTED COAL AND WOOD COMBUSTION EMISSIONS IN XUAN WEI, CHINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Residents of Xuan Wei County in China have unusually high lung cancer mortality that cannot be attributed to tobacco use or occupational exposure. They are exposed to smoke from unvented, open pit coal or wood fires (often used for cooking and heating). The variation in lung canc...

  19. POLYMORPHISMS IN THE DNA NUCLEOTIDE EXCISION REPAIR GENES AND LUNG CANCER RISK IN XUAN WEI, CHINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The lung cancer mortality rate in Xuan Wei County, China is among the highest in the country and has been etiologically attributed to exposure to indoor smoky coal emissions that contain very high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Nucleotide excision repair (NE...

  20. Burgers' equation with high Reynolds number D. S. Zhang, G. W. Wei, and D. J. Kouri

    E-print Network

    Wei, Guo-Wei

    Burgers' equation with high Reynolds number D. S. Zhang, G. W. Wei, and D. J. Kouri Department; accepted 17 February 1997 Burgers' equation, involving very high Reynolds numbers, is numerically solved-9 This Brief Communication reports a new method for solving Burgers' equation1 and clarifies an on-going dis

  1. QoS/Policy/Constraint Based Routing Wei Sun, wsun@cse.ohio-state.edu

    E-print Network

    Jain, Raj

    QoS/Policy/Constraint Based Routing Wei Sun, wsun@cse.ohio-state.edu Abstract: This is a survey paper on Quality-of-Service(QoS) based routing. In this paper, we first introduce the concept of Quality-of-Service and its background. Second, we discuss the concepts of QoS-based routing, its objectives and main issues

  2. Tourists view pandas in the Wolong Nature Reserve in southwestern China. (Credit: Wei

    E-print Network

    4/27/12 1/3 Tourists view pandas in the Wolong Nature Reserve in southwestern China. (Credit: Wei panda preserves, but it isn't an automatic ticket out of poverty for the human habitants, a unique long who both want to see are land of the giant pandas as well as ecological beauty. That wave was abruptly

  3. Enabling Interoperability and Extensibility of Future SCADA Systems Wei Ye and John Heidemann

    E-print Network

    Heidemann, John

    Enabling Interoperability and Extensibility of Future SCADA Systems Wei Ye and John Heidemann USC Information Sciences Institute 1 Challenges and Applications Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA SCADA systems are heavily tailored to their specific applications. For example, a remote terminal unit

  4. On Constant Power Water-filling Wei Yu and John M. Cioffi

    E-print Network

    Yu, Wei

    On Constant Power Water-filling Wei Yu and John M. Cioffi Electrical Engineering Department derives a rigorous performance bound for the constant-power water-filling algorithm for ISI channels adaptation is the well-known water-filling pro- cedure. In water-filling, more power is allocated to "bet

  5. Computer modeling approach for microsphere-packed bone scaffold Pallavi Lal, Wei Sun*

    E-print Network

    Sun, Wei

    Computer modeling approach for microsphere-packed bone scaffold Pallavi Lal, Wei Sun* Department modeling approach for constructing a three-dimensional microsphere-packed bone graft structure is presented extreme microsphere packing models (minimum-density packing and maximum-density packing) and a statistical

  6. High-repetition rate quantum key distribution J. C. Bienfang, A. Restelli, D. Rogers, A. Mink, B. J. Hershman, A. Nakassis, X. Tang, L. Ma, H.

    E-print Network

    High-repetition rate quantum key distribution J. C. Bienfang, A. Restelli, D. Rogers, A. Mink, B. J. Hershman, A. Nakassis, X. Tang, L. Ma, H. Xu, D. H. Su, Charles W. Clark, and Carl J. Williams National

  7. Analysis of Android Applications' Permissions Ryan Johnson, Zhaohui Wang

    E-print Network

    Stavrou, Angelos

    Analysis of Android Applications' Permissions Ryan Johnson, Zhaohui Wang Center for Secure--We developed an architecture that automatically searches for and downloads Android applications from the Android Market. Furthermore, we created a detailed mapping of Android application programming interface

  8. Chemical gas-dynamics beyond Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck's kinetics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolesnichenko, Evgeniy G.; Gorbachev, Yuriy E.

    2014-12-01

    Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck equation does not give possibility to take into account intermolecular processes such as redistribution of the energy among different degrees of freedom. The modification of the generalized Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck equation including such processes is proposed. It allows to study for instance the kinetics of non-radiative transitions. Limitations of this approach are connected with the requirements of absence of polarization of rotational momentum and phases of intermolecular vibrations.

  9. Massively parallel Wang Landau sampling on multiple GPUs

    SciTech Connect

    Yin, Junqi [ORNL; Landau, D. P. [UGA

    2012-01-01

    Wang Landau sampling is implemented on the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) with the Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA). Performances on three different GPU cards, including the new generation Fermi architecture card, are compared with that on a Central Processing Unit (CPU). The parameters for massively parallel Wang Landau sampling are tuned in order to achieve fast convergence. For simulations of the water cluster systems, we obtain an average of over 50 times speedup for a given workload.

  10. An Improved ID-based Authenticated Group Key Agreement Scheme Xinjun Du, Ying Wang, Jianhua Ge and Yumin Wang

    E-print Network

    and Yumin Wang Key Laboratory of Computer Networks and Information Security Xidian University Xi'an 710071 have been proposed by Choi et al. and us, which are based on bilinear pairings and BD scheme. Recently

  11. Analytical Bound for Unwanted Clock Skew due to Wire Width Variation Anand Rajaram , Bing Lu, Wei Guo, Rabi Mahapatra

    E-print Network

    Mahapatra, Rabinarayan

    Guo, Rabi Mahapatra , Jiang Hu Dept. of EE, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 Cadence Station, TX 77843 (anandr,rabi,jianghu)@tamu.edu, bingl@cadence.com, wei.guo@ifp.fr ABSTRACT Under modern

  12. Motion Track: Visualizing Variations of Human Motion Data Yueqi Hu Shuangyuan Wu Shihong Xia Jinghua Fu Wei Chen

    E-print Network

    Chen, Wei

    Jinghua Fu§ Wei Chen¶ ABSTRACT This paper proposes a novel visualization approach, which can de- pict&CG, Zhe- jiang University (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Figure 1: Representing a motion capture data with different

  13. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 5. Microcanonical Ensemble

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 5 space based on classical mechanics? A: 1. Flow line (trajectory) is completely deterministic qi = H pi

  14. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 10. Applications to Solids

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 10 a number of models that can be solved analytically in statistical mechanics, such as ideal gas, 2-level

  15. Administration with Bushenkangshuai Tang alleviates UV irradiation- and oxidative stress-induced lifespan defects in nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qi Rui; Qin Lu; Dayong Wang

    2009-01-01

    During normal metabolism, oxidative byproducts will inevitably generate and damage molecules thereby impairing their biological\\u000a functions, including the aging process. Bushenkangshuai Tang (?????, BT) is a traditional Chinese medicine widely used for clinically treating premature ovarian failure. In the present study, BT administration at high concentrations significantly increased lifespan, slowed aging-related decline, and delayed accumulation\\u000a of aging-related cellular damage in

  16. Decrease of immobility behavior in forced-swimming test and immune system enhancing effect of traditional medicine Gamisipjundaebo-tang

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hye-Young Shin; Tae-Yong Shin; Sang-Wan Seo; Ho-Jeong Na; Yong-Taek Kwon; Bong-Keun Song; Eon-Jeong Lee; Yun-Kyung Kim; Moo-Chang Hong; Min-Kyu Shin; Seung-Heon Hong; Hyung-Min Kim

    2004-01-01

    Gamisipjundaebo-tang (GSDBT) has been used for the purpose of development of physical strength. In the present study, we investigated the immune enhancing effect induced by GSDBT. We investigated the anti-immobility effect of GSDBT via a forced-swimming test and blood biochemical parameters related to fatigue, glucose, blood urea nitrogen, lactic dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, and total protein. GSDBT (0.1 and 1 g\\/kg)

  17. The Algorithmics of Solitaire-Like Games Roland Backhouse, Wei Chen, Jo~ao F. Ferreira1

    E-print Network

    Backhouse, Roland

    The Algorithmics of Solitaire-Like Games Roland Backhouse, Wei Chen, Jo~ao F. Ferreira1 School@cs.nott.ac.uk (Wei Chen), joao@joaoff.com (Jo~ao F. Ferreira) 1Funded by Funda¸c~ao para a Ci^encia e a Tecnologia-person games, which we call "replacement-set games", inspired by earlier work by Chen and Backhouse

  18. Hemopoietic effect of extracts from constituent herbal medicines of Samul-tang on phenylhydrazine-induced hemolytic anemia in rats

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Hye Won; Kim, Hyojun; Ryuk, Jin Ah; Kil, Ki-Jung; Ko, Byoung Seob

    2014-01-01

    Samul-tang (Si-Wu-Tang, SMT), a kind of herbal medicines, has been used for the hemato-deficient disease for hundreds of years. In this work, investigate the anti-anemia activity of the H2O extracts from constituent herbal medicines of Samul-tang in an anemia model induced by intravenous infection of phenylhydrazine-HCL (PHZ) at 10 mg/kg for 4 days. After PHZ injection, female Sparague-Dawley rats were administrated extracts from constituent herbal medicines of SMT (300 mg/kg/day, p.o.) daily for 1 week. Results showed that sever hemolysis was induced by PHZ. For Paeonia lactiflora (PL2) H2O extract treated groups, the concentration of hemoglobin, hematocrit and red blood cells number increased much more significantly than PHZ-treated group. Moreover, Angelica gigas (AG), Angelica. acutiloba (AA), Paeonia lactiflora (PL2) and Rehmannia glutinosa (RG) extract administration significantly improved serum erythropoietin concentration. The activity of aminolevulinic acid dehydrates (ALDL) in liver homegenate was increased in Angelica gigas(AA), Paeonia lactiflora (PL2) and Rehmannia glutinosa (RG) treated group. PMID:25337267

  19. He Jie Tang in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B patients

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Ze-Xiong; Zhang, Shi-Jun; Lao, Shao-Xian; Hu, Hong-Tao; Zhang, Cui-Yi; Guan, Shi-He; Gu, Yan-Li

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To explore the effect of He Jie Tang (decoction for medication) on serum levels of T lymphocyte subsets, NK cell activity and cytokines in chronic hepatitis B patients. METHODS: Eighty-five patients with chronic hepatitis B were divided randomly into two groups. Fifty patients in group I were treated with He Jie Tang (HJT) and 35 patients in group II were treated with combined medication. The levels of T-lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+), NK cell activity, cytokines (TNF-?, IL-8, sIL-2R) were observed before and after the treatment. Another 20 normal persons served as group 3. RESULTS: The level of CD4+ cells and NK cell activity were lower, whereas the level of CD8+ cells in patients was higher than that in normal persons (t = 2.685, 3.172, and 2.754 respectively; P<0.01). The levels of TNF-?, IL-8, and sIL-2R in chronic hepatitis B patients were higher than those in normal persons (t = 3.526, 3.170, and 2.876 respectively; P<0.01). After 6 months of treatment, ALT, AST, and TB levels in the two groups were obviously decreased (t = 3.421, 3.106, and 2.857 respectively; P<0.01). The level of CD4+ cells and NK cell activity were increased whereas the level of CD8+ cells decreased (t = 2.179, 2.423, and 2.677 respectively; P<0.05) in group I. The levels of TNF-?, IL-8, and sIL-2R in group I were decreased significantly after the treatment (t = 2.611, 2.275, and 2.480 respectively; P<0.05) but had no significant difference in group II after the treatment (t = 1.906, 1.833, and 2.029 respectively; P>0.05). The total effective rate had no significant difference between the two groups (X2 = 2.882, P>0.05) but the markedly effective rate was significantly different between the two groups (X2 = 5.340, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: HJT is effective in treating chronic hepatitis B. HJT seems to exert its effect by improving the cellular immune function and decreasing inflammatory cytokines in chronic hepatitis B patients. The function of HJT in protecting liver function in the process of eliminating virus needs to be further studied. PMID:16425357

  20. Practical Control Flow Integrity & Randomization for Binary Executables Chao Zhang1, Tao Wei1,2, Zhaofeng Chen1, Lei Duan1,

    E-print Network

    Sekar, R.

    ,2, Zhaofeng Chen1, Lei Duan1, L´aszl´o Szekeres2,3+, Stephen McCamant2,4+, Dawn Song2, Wei Zou1 1 Beijing KeyPractical Control Flow Integrity & Randomization for Binary Executables Chao Zhang1, Tao Wei1 *Corresponding author. Email: lenx.wei@gmail.com +Work done while the authors were at UC Berkeley. that all

  1. The administration of Sheng Hua Tang immediately after delivery to reduce the incidence of retained placenta in Holstein dairy cows.

    PubMed

    Cui, Dongan; Wang, Xuezhi; Wang, Lei; Wang, Xurong; Zhang, Jingyan; Qin, Zhe; Li, Jianxi; Yang, Zhiqiang

    2014-03-15

    Sheng Hua Tang, a classical herbal formula consisting of Radix Angelicae sinensis, Ligustici rhizoma, Semen persicae, Zingiberis rhizoma, and Radix glycyrrhizae, is known to be beneficial in alleviating postpartum diseases and facilitating a return to normal reproductive function. This study investigated whether the administration of Sheng Hua Tang within 2 to 4 hours after delivery was effective as a preventive treatment for reducing the risk of retained placenta in Holstein dairy cows. A total of 357 cows, each of which had delivered its calf spontaneously, were randomly allocated to one of two groups. In the treatment group, the cows (n = 175) received Sheng Hua Tang with an oral dose of 0.36 g crude herb per kg·body weight once daily for three consecutive days. The controls (n = 182) received no treatment. The placental retention proportion was 4.0% and 17.0% within 12 hours after delivery in the treated and control animals, respectively (P < 0.01). We found decreases in the calving-to-first-service interval (73.2 ± 25.1 vs. 81.9 ± 32.8 days; P < 0.01), calving-to-conception interval (93.4 ± 38.8 vs. 114.6 ± 42.9 days; P < 0.01), and service per conception (1.5 ± 0.8 vs. 1.9 ± 1.0 days; P < 0.01) in the treatment group compared with the control group. The first artificial insemination conception proportion was higher in the treatment group than in the control group (60.4% vs. 41.1%; P = 0.01). Moreover, the between-group difference in the proportion of cows that were pregnant within 180 days postpartum approached statistical significance (88.2% vs. 80.6%; P = 0.07). Sheng Hua Tang showed beneficial effects in reducing the incidence of retained placenta and improving subsequent reproductive performance in cows. This preventive treatment strategy would be effective in improving the management of puerperal health. The potential benefits of Sheng Hua Tang warrant further investigation to determine whether this preventive treatment strategy can be endorsed as a general preventive approach in postpartum cows. PMID:24444716

  2. Spatial distributions of tree species in a subtropical forest of China Lin Li, Zhongliang Huang, Wanhui Ye, Honglin Cao, Shiguang Wei, Zhigao Wang, Juyu Lian,

    E-print Network

    He, Fangliang

    ), neighborhood competition (Firbank and Watkinson 1987, Kenkel 1988, He and Duncan 2000) and dispersal limitation to infer mechanisms generating the pattern (Janzen 1970, Connell 1971, Sterner et al. 1986, Kenkel 1988, He

  3. Endogenously Nitrated Proteins in Mouse Brain: Links to Neurodegenerative Colette A. Sacksteder,, Wei-Jun Qian,,| Tatyana V. Knyushko, Haixing Wang,| Mark H. Chin, Goran Lacan,@

    E-print Network

    Smith, Desmond J.

    Endogenously Nitrated Proteins in Mouse Brain: Links to Neurodegenerative Disease Colette A Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, and Department of Human Genetics and Department of Molecular modifications of proteins have been documented in multiple pathologies in a variety of tissue types and play

  4. Robust Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Xiang-Yang Li Yu Wang Peng-Jun Wan Chih-Wei Yi Ophir Frieder

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yu

    are statically distributed. However, it remains open to study the critical power for mobile wireless networks assume that the wireless de- vices are distributed in a unit area square (or disk) accord- ing to some and randomly distributed over . For simplic- ity, we assume that the geometry domain is a unit square C. Gupta

  5. Robust Wireless Ad Hoc Networks XiangYang Li Yu Wang PengJun Wan ChihWei Yi Ophir Frieder

    E-print Network

    Li, Xiang-Yang

    the nodes are statically distributed. However, it remains open to study the critical power for mobile probability. For simplicity, we assume that the wireless de­ vices are distributed in a unit area square (or Abstract---We consider a large­scale of wireless ad hoc networks whose nodes are distributed randomly

  6. Real-Time Multi-person Tracking in Video Surveillance Wei Niu, Long Jiao, Dan Han, and Yuan-Fang Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yuan-Fang

    research questions must be addressed before we can rely upon video surveillance as an effective tool In this paper, we briefly summarize our video surveillance research framework. We then survey current research. Abnormity, such as silhouette merging, is handled gracefully and individual persons can be tracked correctly

  7. CitySee: Urban CO2 Monitoring with Sensors Xufei Mao, Xin Miao, Yuan He, Tong Zhu, Jiliang Wang, Wei Dong, Xiang-Yang Li, and Yunhao Liu

    E-print Network

    Liu, Yunhao

    and specialists all over the world. One of the main causes deteriorating global climate is the over- emission restrict) the emission of CO2 in order to slow down the steps of Global Warming. Since arguably more than monitoring, relay nodes placement, wire- less sensor networks. I. INTRODUCTION With the worsening of Global

  8. Ji Wang: Enhancing Engineering Education in China Enhancing Engineering Education in China in Crossroads of

    E-print Network

    Wang, Ji

    general knowledge courses (Foreign languages, politics, physical education, economics, history, etcJi Wang: Enhancing Engineering Education in China Enhancing Engineering Education in China Engineering Education November 1-4, 2007 Purdue University #12;Ji Wang: Enhancing Engineering Education

  9. When little things matter: Thoughts from the study of climate dynamics Johnny Wei-Bing Lin

    E-print Network

    Lin, Johnny

    When little things matter: Thoughts from the study of climate dynamics Johnny Wei-Bing LinX/d = ­X + Y dY/d = ­ XZ + rX ­ Y dZ/d = XY ­ bZ where X, Y, and Z are the state variables of the system, as time progresses the two solutions diverge. The divergence is not entirely wild; the solutions have

  10. SINGLE-POINT CONDENSATION AND LEAST-ENERGY XIAOFENG REN AND JUNCHENG WEI

    E-print Network

    Ren, Xiaofeng

    #12;2 XIAOFENG REN AND JUNCHENG WEI For a sequence vpn of vp we define the blow-up set S of vpn to be the subset of such that x S if there exist a subsequence, still denoted by vpn , and a sequence xn in with vpn (xn) and xn x.(1.4) We use #S to denote the cardinality of S. We also define a peak point P

  11. Simulation of blue and green water resources in the Wei River basin, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Z.; Zuo, D.

    2014-09-01

    The Wei River is the largest tributary of the Yellow River in China and it is suffering from water scarcity and water pollution. In order to quantify the amount of water resources in the study area, a hydrological modelling approach was applied by using SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool), calibrated and validated with SUFI-2 (Sequential Uncertainty Fitting program) based on river discharge in the Wei River basin (WRB). Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses were also performed to improve the model performance. Water resources components of blue water flow, green water flow and green water storage were estimated at the HRU (Hydrological Response Unit) scales. Water resources in HRUs were also aggregated to sub-basins, river catchments, and then city/region scales for further analysis. The results showed that most parts of the WRB experienced a decrease in blue water resources between the 1960s and 2000s, with a minimum value in the 1990s. The decrease is particularly significant in the most southern part of the WRB (Guanzhong Plain), one of the most important grain production basements in China. Variations of green water flow and green water storage were relatively small on the spatial and temporal dimensions. This study provides strategic information for optimal utilization of water resources and planning of cultivating seasons in the Wei River basin.

  12. Inhibition of monocarboxylate transporter-mediated absorption of valproic acid by Gegen-Qinlian-Tang.

    PubMed

    Liu, Hsueh-Jung; Yu, Chung-Ping; Hsieh, Yow-Wen; Tsai, Shang-Yuan; Hou, Yu-Chi

    2013-01-01

    Valproic acid (VPA), an anti-epileptic drug with a narrow therapeutic index, is a substrate of the monocarboxylate transporter (MCT). In this study, we investigated the effect of Gegen-Qinlian-Tang (GQT), a Chinese Medicine prescription containing Puerariae Radix (PR), Scutellariae Radix (SR), Coptidis Rhizoma (CR) and Glycyrrhizae Radix (GR), on the pharmacokinetics of VPA, as a probe drug of MCT, in rats and the underlying mechanism. Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered VPA with and without GQT in crossover design. The serum concentrations of VPA were determined by a fluorescence polarization immunoassay. The results showed that coadministration with 2.0 and 4.0 g/kg of GQT remarkably decreased the Cmax of VPA by 72% and 74% and reduced the AUC 0-t by 63% and 53%, respectively. The mechanism study using Caco-2 cells revealed that the uptake function of MCT was inhibited by GQT and each component herb. In conclusion, the MCT-mediated absorption of VPA was significantly decreased by GQT and its component herbs. PMID:23548126

  13. The Effects of Maekmoondong-Tang on Cockroach Extract-Induced Allergic Asthma

    PubMed Central

    Sohn, Sung-Hwa; Jung, Kyung-Hwa; Lee, Kun-young; Yeom, Yu Rim; Kim, Gae-Eun; Jung, Sungki; Jung, Heejae; Bae, Hyunsu

    2014-01-01

    Maekmoondong-tang (MMDT) has long been used in Asian countries to treat respiratory diseases. However, the precise mechanisms underlying its effects on asthma are unknown. This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of MMDT in a cockroach allergen (CKA-)induced animal model of allergic asthma. After being challenged with CKA, the number of macrophages, eosinophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and total cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was evaluated. The Th2 specific cytokines IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 were also analyzed in BALF along with IgE levels in serum. For histological analysis, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining, and immunohistochemical staining were performed. In addition, airway hyperresponsiveness was assessed by noninvasive plethysmography. The cellular profiles and histopathologic analysis demonstrated that peribronchial and perivascular inflammatory cell infiltrates were significantly decreased in the MMDT-treated groups compared with the cockroach extract-injected (CKA) groups. In addition, the IgE, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 levels were significantly decreased in the MMDT group. MMDT treatment also significantly attenuated airway hyperresponsiveness. These results demonstrated that MMDT significantly reduced the hallmark signs of asthma: elevated serum IgE, airway eosinophilia, airway remodeling, mucus hypersecretion, and airway hyperresponsiveness. The remarkable antiasthmatic effects of MMDT suggest its therapeutic potential in allergic asthma treatment. PMID:24723965

  14. Effects of Berberine and Hwangryunhaedok-Tang on Oral Bioavailability and Pharmacokinetics of Ciprofloxacin in Rats

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Youn-Hwan; Cho, Won-Kyung; Jang, Doorye; Ha, Jeong-Ho; Jung, Kiyoun; Yun, Hyo-In; Ma, Jin Yeul

    2012-01-01

    Hwangryunhaedok-Tang (HR) and berberine-containing single herbs are used to treat bacterial infection and inflammatory diseases in eastern Asia. The combination of berberine-containing herbal medicines and ciprofloxacin can be an excellent antibacterial chemotherapy against multidrug resistance bacteria. To evaluate the pretreatment effect of berberine and HR, vehicle, berberine (25 and 50?mg/kg/day), and HR (1.4?g/kg/day) were daily administered to rats for five consecutive days. On day 6, ciprofloxacin was administered (10?mg/kg, i.v. and 20?mg/kg, p.o.) to rats. To assess cotreatment effect of berberine and ciprofloxacin, berberine (50?mg/kg) and ciprofloxacin (20?mg/kg) were coadministered by single oral gavage. Pharmacokinetic data were estimated by noncompartmental model. Compared with ciprofloxacin alone (control group), coadministration of berberine (50?mg/kg) and ciprofloxacin significantly decreased Cmax of ciprofloxacin (P < 0.05). In addition, the pretreatment of berberine (50?mg/kg/day) and HR (1.4?g/kg/day) significantly decreased Cmax and AUC0??, compared with control group (P < 0.05). The oral bioavailability of ciprofloxacin was reduced by cotreatment of berberine and pretreatment of berberine and HR. Our results suggest that the expression of P-glycoprotein and organic anion and/or organic cation transporters (OAT/OCT) could take a role in reduced oral bioavailability of ciprofloxacin by berberine and HR. PMID:23133498

  15. Fermented soshiho-tang with Lactobacillus plantarum enhances the antiproliferative activity in vascular smooth muscle cell

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Soshiho-tang (SST) is a traditional medicine widely used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis. SST has been shown to confer a variety of pharmacological activities, including prevention of hepatotoxicity, promotion of liver regeneration, and modulation of liver fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the antiproliferative activity of native and fermented (FSST) formulations of SST in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and examined the potential underlying mechanisms driving these effects. Methods SST, along with preparations fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum KFRI-144 (S-A144), L. amylophilus KFRI-161 (S-A161) and L. bulgaricus KFRI-344 (S-A344), were investigated to determine their effects on the proliferation and viability of VSMCs, along with the signalling pathways underlying these effects. Results S-A144 exhibited a strong, dose-dependent inhibition of VSMC proliferation relative to untreated controls, but the others did not affect. In addition, S-A144 significantly decreased the phosphorylation of Akt and PLC?1 in a dose-dependent manner and induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase characterised by decreased expression of CDKs, cyclins and PCNA. Conclusions The findings suggest that S-A144 exhibit enhanced inhibition of PDGF-BB-induced VSMC proliferation comparison to S-AOR through the suppression of cell cycle progression and expression of cell cycle-related proteins, along with the downregulation of Akt phosphorylation. PMID:24580756

  16. Scaling of waves in the bak-tang-wiesenfeld sandpile model

    PubMed

    Ktitarev; Lubeck; Grassberger; B Priezzhev V

    2000-01-01

    We study probability distributions of waves of topplings in the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld model on hypercubic lattices for dimensions D>/=2. Waves represent relaxation processes which do not contain multiple toppling events. We investigate bulk and boundary waves by means of their correspondence to spanning trees, and by extensive numerical simulations. While the scaling behavior of avalanches is complex and usually not governed by simple scaling laws, we show that the probability distributions for waves display clear power-law asymptotic behavior in perfect agreement with the analytical predictions. Critical exponents are obtained for the distributions of radius, area, and duration of bulk and boundary waves. Relations between them and fractal dimensions of waves are derived. We confirm that the upper critical dimension D(u) of the model is 4, and calculate logarithmic corrections to the scaling behavior of waves in D=4. In addition, we present analytical estimates for bulk avalanches in dimensions D>/=4 and simulation data for avalanches in D

  17. Effects of Hyeonggaeyeongyo-Tang in Ovalbumin-Induced Allergic Rhinitis Model

    PubMed Central

    Hong, Se Hyang; Kim, Soon Re; Choi, Han-Seok; Ku, Jin Mo; Seo, Hye Sook; Shin, Yong Cheol; Ko, Seong-Gyu

    2014-01-01

    Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an allergic inflammation of the nasal airways. The prevalence of AR is increasing worldwide. We investigated whether Hyeonggaeyeongyo-tang (HYT) is effective to suppress the progression of AR induced by ovalbumin (OVA). Male BALB/c mice were used for this study. Allergic rhinitis was induced by OVA. Treatment with HYT was assessed to study the effect of HYT on allergic rhinitis in mice. Histological analysis, immunohistochemistry, multiplex cytokine assay, blood analysis, and cell viability assay were performed to verify inhibitory effect of HYT on allergic rhinitis. HYT did not show any toxicity maintaining body weight. Food intake was steady without variation in mice. HYT reduced infiltration of inflammatory cells and mast cells into nasal cavity. HYT reduced the levels of cytokines and leukocytes in the blood. HYT decreased the splenocyte cell viability. Antihistamines and steroids are the most common medications used to treat allergic rhinitis. However, long-term use of drug generates resistance or side effects requiring the development of new drug. Our present study clearly demonstrates that HYT suppresses the progression of allergic rhinitis induced by OVA. This suggests that HYT might be a useful drug for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. PMID:25221386

  18. Effects of Sheng Hua Tang on Uterine Involution and Ovarian Activity in Postpartum Dairy Cows

    PubMed Central

    Lee, K. H.; Lee, Y. T.; Chen, T. C.; Yeh, C. C.; Chen, J. Y.; Liu, L. Y.; Chi, C. H.

    2013-01-01

    The effects of Sheng Hua Tang (SHT) on uterine involution and ovarian activity were investigated in postpartum dairy cows. SHT (70 g) was given to dairy cows (n = 10) to evaluate its effects for five days from the first postpartum day. Postpartum cows fed with a basal diet without SHT were used as the control group (n = 10). Ultrasounds and blood tests were recorded for four weeks from postpartum day seven with a 3-d interval. The results showed that the areas and diameters of endometria were significantly (p<0.01) reduced in the group that received SHT compared to the control group on the seventh postpartum day. The group that received SHT had an intrauterine fluid volume mean of 1.2±0.6 cm3, which was significantly lower than that of the control group, 2.3±0.8 cm3 (p<0.01) on the 13th postpartum day. In addition, the uterine tension score was a mean of 1.0±0.0 in the group that received SHT, which was also significantly lower than that of the control group, 1.5±0.5 (p<0.01) on the 19th postpartum day. Taken together, the Chinese herbal medicine remedy, SHT, promoted uterine involution and ovarian activity in postpartum dairy cows. PMID:25049906

  19. Immune checkpoint blockade therapy: The 2014 Tang prize in biopharmaceutical science.

    PubMed

    Chen, Ya-Shan; Shen, Chia-Rui

    2015-01-01

    The first Tang Prize for Biopharmaceutical Science has been awarded to Prof. James P. Allison and Prof. Tasuku Honjo for their contributions leading to an entirely new way to treat cancer by blocking the molecules cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) that turn off immune response. The treatment, called "immune checkpoint blockade therapy," has opened a new therapeutic era. Here the discoveries of the immune checkpoints and how they contribute to the maintenance of self-tolerance, as well as how to protect tissues from the excess immune responses causing damage are reviewed. The efforts made by Prof. Allison and Prof. Honjo for developing the most promising approaches to activate therapeutic antitumor immunity are also summarized. Since these certain immune checkpoint pathways appear to be one of the major mechanisms resulting in immune escape of tumors, the presence of anti-CTLA-4 and/or anti-PD-1 should contribute to removal of the inhibition signals for T cell activation. Subsequently, it will enhance specific T cell activation and, therefore, strengthen antitumor immunity. PMID:25673064

  20. Neuroprotective and cognitive enhancing activity of the fermented Bozhougyiqi-Tang

    PubMed Central

    Weon, Jin Bae; Lee, Bohyoung; Yun, Bo-Ra; Lee, Jiwoo; Ma, Jin Y; Ma, Choong Je

    2014-01-01

    Background: Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease related to memory impairments and neuronal cell death. Bozhougyiqi-Tang (BZYQT), a traditional herbal medicine, has been therapeutically used for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluated the neuroprotective effect of the fermented BZYQT and compared with unfermented BZYQT in HT22 cells by MTT assay and tested the beneficial effect on memory impairments induced by scopolamine (1 mg/kg, i.p.) using the passive avoidance and Morris water maze tests. Results: Compared with unfermented BZYQT, the neuroprotective effect of fermented BZYQT on glutamate induced neurotoxicity in HT22 cells increased at a concentration of 100 ?g/mL. Fermented BZYQT increased the step-through latency of the passive avoidance response. Furthermore, in Morris water maze test for evaluation of spatial learning and memory, escape latency time was significantly reduced by fermented BZYQT. Conclusion: These results suggest that the fermentation process of BZYQT led to improve neuroprotective and cognitive enhancing effect. PMID:24991099

  1. Cortical representations of pitch in monkeys and humans Daniel Bendor and Xiaoqin Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Xiaoqin

    of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA Corresponding author: Wang, Xiaoqin (xiaoqin.wang@jhu.edu) Current OpinionCortical representations of pitch in monkeys and humans Daniel Bendor and Xiaoqin Wang Pitch) repeated periodically at 100 times per second has a pitch of 100 Hz (Figure 1b). Both speech and many

  2. Wang Cubes for Video Synthesis and Geometry Placement (posters 0150) Peter G. Sibley

    E-print Network

    Laidlaw, David

    from a sample is useful for generating dynamic backgrounds for games or special effects but costlyWang Cubes for Video Synthesis and Geometry Placement (posters 0150) Peter G. Sibley Brown an extension of Cohen's Wang Tiles to three dimen- sions:Wang Cubes. Cubes are filled with video or Poisson dis

  3. THE SONG OF EVERLASTING SORROW: WANG ANYI'S TALE OF SHANGHAI

    E-print Network

    Schneider, Nancy

    2010-02-03

    , about the life of a Miss Shanghai beauty pageant winner, Wang Qiyao, and her life before and after the new China of 1949. With this work, she became the winner of the prestigious Fifth Mao Dun Literature Award. The book was also voted as one... Berry and Susan Chan Egan (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008), 17-18. 18 Wang, Anyi, Changhen ge??? [The Song of Everlasting Sorrow] (Beijing: Zuojia chubanshe ?????, 1996), 20. 1 7 the beauty pageant of Miss Shanghai as the city...

  4. Effects of age, size, and density on natural survival for an important coral reef fishery species, yellow tang, Zebrasoma flavescens

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Claisse, J. T.; McTee, S. A.; Parrish, J. D.

    2009-03-01

    Hundreds of thousands of juvenile yellow tang, Zebrasoma flavescens, are caught each year in the state of Hawai’i (USA) for the live aquarium trade. As part of an extensive adaptive management strategy built around a network of protected areas, an emphasis was placed on understanding this important species’ life history. Multiple capture-mark-recapture techniques and a model selection approach to data analysis in Program MARK were used to estimate the effects of individual age and conspecific density on natural per-capita daily survival probabilities of yellow tang recruits (recently settled individuals, 30-50 mm total length) and the effects of body size and site on natural per-capita monthly survival probabilities for juveniles (58-127 mm total length). The models of recruit survival that included additive effects of density and age were best supported by the data and indicated an increase of survival with age and decrease of survival with increased conspecific density. At 1 day post-settlement, the model averaged daily per-capita survival probability ranged from 0.963 (95% CI: 0.932-0.981) at a low density of 0.1 recruits m-2 to 0.848 (95% CI: 0.752-0.911) at a high density of 1.3 recruits m-2. The best supported model of juvenile survival had no effect of fish length or site, with a constant monthly per-capita survival of 0.939 (95% CI: 0.925-0.950). Only about 1% of recruits may survive to adulthood when protected from fishing. These results can be used to better analyze and interpret data from protected area monitoring surveys and refine management practices. Continued long-term monitoring, combined with targeted life history studies and demographic modeling, is needed to further investigate the population level effects of fishing yellow tang juveniles.

  5. Escaping paradise: Larval export from Hawaii in an Indo-Pacific reef fish, the Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens)

    PubMed Central

    Eble, Jeff A.; Toonen, Robert J.; Sorenson, Laurie; Basch, Larry V.; Papastamatiou, Yannis P.; Bowen, Brian W.

    2014-01-01

    The depauperate marine ecosystems of the Hawaiian Archipelago share a high proportion of species with the southern and western Pacific, indicating historical and/or ongoing connections across the large oceanic expanse separating Hawaii from its nearest neighbors. The rate and direction of these interactions are, however, unknown. While previous biogeographic studies have consistently described Hawaii as a diversity sink, prevailing currents likely offer opportunities for larval export. To assess interactions between the remote reefs of the Hawaiian Archipelago and the species rich communities of the Central and West Pacific, we surveyed 14 nuclear microsatellite loci (nDNA; n = 857) and a 614 bp segment of mitochondrial cytochrome b (mtDNA; n = 654) in the Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens). Concordant frequency shifts in both nDNA and mtDNA reveal significant population differentiation among three West Pacific sites and Hawaii (nDNA F?CT = 0.116, mtDNA ?CT = 0.098, P < 0.001). SAMOVA analyses of microsatellite data additionally indicate fine scale differentiation within the 2600 km Hawaiian Archipelago (F?SC = 0.026; P < 0.001), with implications for management of this heavily-exploited aquarium fish. Mismatch analyses indicate the oldest contemporary populations are in the Hawaiian Archipelago (circa 318,000 y), with younger populations in the West Pacific (91,000 – 175,000 y). Estimates of Yellow Tang historical demography contradict expectations of Hawaii as a population sink, and instead indicate asymmetrical gene flow, with Hawaii exporting rather than importing Yellow Tang larvae. PMID:25505806

  6. Herb medicine Yin-Chen-Hao-Tang ameliorates hepatic fibrosis in bile duct ligation rats.

    PubMed

    Lee, Tzung-Yan; Chang, Hen-Hong; Chen, Jenn-Han; Hsueh, Ming-Lung; Kuo, Jong-Jen

    2007-01-19

    The accumulation of hydrophilic bile acids in the liver is considered to play a pivotal role in the induction of hepatic injury. Yin-Chen-Hao-Tang (YCHT) decoction is an aqueous extract from three different herbs: Artemisia capillaries Thunb (Compositae), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Rubiaceae), Rheum officinale Baill (Polygonaceae), which has been recognized as a hepatoprotective agent for various types of liver diseases. Therefore, we used an experimental of biliary atresia model to test that YCHT plays a regulatory role in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis. Hepatic damage with fibrosis was produced by common bile duct ligation (BDL) for 27 days in experimental cholestasis animal model. After surgery, YCHT (250 and 500mg/kg BW) oral administration once a day continued for 27 days. BDL caused a prominent liver collagen deposition that was supported by the increased alpha-SMA protein and mRNA expression of procollagen I. YCHT significantly decreased hepatic alpha-SMA protein levels and decreased in hydroxyproline and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels of BDL rats. On the other hand, the normalizing effect of YCHT (250mg/kg) on the TGF-beta1mRNA expression was independent on the dose of YCHT, 500mg/kg was not effectively changed the quantitative composition of mRNA levels. The study shows that hepatic hydroxyproline accumulation caused by hydrophilic bile acids accompanied by elevated hepatic lipid peroxidation, and hepatic collagen levels can be decreased in the presence of YCHT. In conclusion, long-term administration of YCHT in rats ameliorated the hydropholic bile acids induced hepatic injury that probably related to a reduced oxidant stress and degree of hepatic fibrosis. PMID:16989967

  7. Hwangryun-Haedok-Tang Fermented with Lactobacillus casei Suppresses Ovariectomy-Induced Bone Loss

    PubMed Central

    Shim, Ki-Shuk; Kim, Taesoo; Ha, Hyunil; Cho, Chang-Won; Kim, Han Sung; Seo, Dong-Hyun; Ma, Jin Yeul

    2012-01-01

    Hwangryun-haedok-tang (HRT) is the common recipe in traditional Asian medicine, and microbial fermentation is used for the conventional methods for processing traditional medicine. We investigated the inhibitory effect of the n-butanol fraction of HRT (HRT-BU) and fHRT (fHRT-BU) on the RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in bone-marrow-derived macrophages. mRNA expression of osteoclastogenesis-related genes were evaluated by real-time QPCR. The activation of signaling pathways was determined by western blot analysis. The marker compounds of HRT-BU and fHRT-BU were analyzed by HPLC. The inhibitory effect of HRT or fHRT on ovariectomy-induced bone loss were evaluated using OVX rats with orally administered HRT, fHRT (300, 1000?mg/kg), or its vehicle for 12 weeks. fHRT-BU significantly inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis, and phosphorylation of p38, IKK?/?, and NF-?Bp65 compared to HRT-BU. In addition, fHRT-BU also significantly inhibited the mRNA expression of Nf?b2, TNF-?, NFATc1, TRAP, ATPv0d2, and cathepsin K. Furthermore, administration of fHRT had a greater effect on the increase of BMD, and greater improved bone microstructure of the femora than that of HRT in ovariectomy rats. This study demonstrated that bacterial fermentation enhances the inhibitory effect of HRT on osteoclastogenesis and bone loss. These results suggest that fermented HRT might have the beneficial effects on bone disease by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis. PMID:23082080

  8. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Emily Ko, Ghazal Haghnegahdar, Hau-wei Chang, Heather Gregory, Lydia Kiu, Tracy Wong

    E-print Network

    Haghnegahdar, Hau-wei Chang, Heather Gregory, Lydia Kiu, Tracy Wong Healthy Food Labeling on UBC Campus Written of a project/report". #12;Healthy Food Labeling on UBC Campus Written Report Group 10: Hau-wei Chang Heather.........................................................................................................................11 i) Traffic Light Signpost Labelling System

  9. High-performance MoS2 transistors with low-resistance molybdenum contacts Jiahao Kang, Wei Liu, and Kaustav Banerjee

    E-print Network

    High-performance MoS2 transistors with low-resistance molybdenum contacts Jiahao Kang, Wei Liu-resistance molybdenum contacts Jiahao Kang, Wei Liu, and Kaustav Banerjeea) Department of Electrical and Computer; accepted 7 February 2014; published online 6 March 2014) In this Letter, molybdenum (Mo) is introduced

  10. Vector Solid Textures Lvdi Wang1,4

    E-print Network

    Yu, Yizhou

    Vector Solid Textures Lvdi Wang1,4 1 Tsinghua University Kun Zhou2 2 Zhejiang University Yizhou Yu3: Several vector solid textures rendered in real time. In each group, the upper inset shows a closer view while the lower inset is rendered using the bitmap solid texture from which the vector version

  11. Novel Zinc Oxide Nanostructures Discovery by Electron Zhong Lin Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Novel Zinc Oxide Nanostructures Discovery by Electron Microscopy Zhong Lin Wang School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0245, USA Abstract. Zinc oxide fabricated based on individual nanobelts. Thermal transport along a nanobelt has been measured [7]. Zinc

  12. Hosted by Yalin Wang Methods in Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    E-print Network

    Reisslein, Martin

    Hosted by Yalin Wang Methods in Magnetic Resonance Imaging Abstract: Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM), and served on the ISMRM Board of Trustees and chaired their 20th Resonance Imaging and on the editorial boards of the journal Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. Dr. Pipe

  13. Energy Harvesting for Self-Powered Nanosystems Zhong Lin Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Energy Harvesting for Self-Powered Nanosystems Zhong Lin Wang School of Materials Science In this article, an introduction is presented about the energy harvesting technologies that have potential. This is a potential technology for converting mechanical movement energy (such as body movement, muscle stretching

  14. Light trapping in photonic crystals Ken Xingze Wang,ab

    E-print Network

    Cui, Yi

    Light trapping in photonic crystals Ken Xingze Wang,ab Zongfu Yu,bc Victor Liu,bd Aaswath Raman,b Yi Cuief and Shanhui Fan*b We consider light trapping in photonic crystals in the weak material-integrated absorption enhancement by light trapping is proportional to the photonic density of states. The tight bound

  15. Curriculum Vitae --Wang-Chien Lee October 2007

    E-print Network

    Lee, Dongwon

    Curriculum Vitae -- Wang-Chien Lee October 2007 Personal Postal Address: 360D Information Science and Technology Building Department of Computer Science and Engineering Pennsylvania State University State Sensor Networks; Peer- to-Peer Networks; Information retrieval, analysis, and visualization; XML

  16. COLOR ALGEBRA IN QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG

    E-print Network

    COLOR ALGEBRA IN QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG Abstract. Quantum chromodynamics, based on the color quantum index. In this article we introduce a color algebra and its mathemat- ical of mediator clouds around sub-atomic particles. Contents 1. Introduction and Motivations 1 2. Color Algebra 5

  17. Electrically tunable hot-silicon terahertz attenuator Minjie Wang,1

    E-print Network

    Natelson, Douglas

    a continuously tunable, broadband terahertz attenuator with a transmission tuning range greater than 103Electrically tunable hot-silicon terahertz attenuator Minjie Wang,1 Robert Vajtai,2 Pulickel M-silicon"-based terahertz attenuator works most effectively at 450­550 K (corresponding to a DC voltage variation of only $7

  18. ON SOLAR NEUTRINO PROBLEM TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG

    E-print Network

    ON SOLAR NEUTRINO PROBLEM TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG Abstract. The current neutrino oscillation an alternative resolution to the solar neutrino loss problem. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Discrepancy of Solar, there are three flavors of neutrinos: the electron neutrino e, the tau neutrino and the mu neutrino µ. The solar

  19. Global warming and United States landfalling hurricanes Chunzai Wang1

    E-print Network

    Wang, Chunzai

    Global warming and United States landfalling hurricanes Chunzai Wang1 and Sang-Ki Lee2 Received 18 observational data to show that global warming of the sea surface is associated with a secular increase shear which reduces U.S. landfalling hurricanes. Whether future global warming increases the vertical

  20. Internet-based Virtual Computing Environment Huaimin Wang

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Internet-based Virtual Computing Environment Huaimin Wang National Lab. For Parallel the traditional resources, resources over the Internet have such natural characteristics as growth, autonomy. As there are the essential differences between the Internet computing environment and the traditional computer environment

  1. Staged Concurrent Program Analysis Nishant Sinha, Chao Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Chao

    : the analysis alternates between reasoning over the intra-thread and the inter-thread semantics. For example from concurrent threads. In this paper, we present a staged concurrent analysis, which avoids redundantStaged Concurrent Program Analysis Nishant Sinha, Chao Wang NEC Labs America, Princeton, NJ, USA

  2. SPEECH INFORMATION RETRIEVAL FOR MANDARIN CHINESE Hsin-min Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Hsin-Min

    SPEECH INFORMATION RETRIEVAL FOR MANDARIN CHINESE Hsin-min Wang Institute of Information Science documents in Mandarin Chinese, with a special consideration on the characteristics and monosyllabic retrieval technology for Mandarin Chinese. In Mandarin Chinese, there is an unknown number of words, though

  3. Estimating the diversity of dinosaurs Steve C. Wang*

    E-print Network

    Wang, Steve C.

    Estimating the diversity of dinosaurs Steve C. Wang* and Peter Dodson *Department of Mathematics, little effort has been devoted to estimating the diversity of dinosaurs. Here we estimate the diversity of nonavian dinosaurs at 1,850 genera, including those that remain to be discovered. With 527 genera currently

  4. OPENFLOW-BASED LOAD BALANCING GONE WILD RICHARD WANG

    E-print Network

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    OPENFLOW-BASED LOAD BALANCING GONE WILD RICHARD WANG MASTER'S THESIS IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT ADVISER: JENNIFER REXFORD May 2011 #12;2 Abstract Today's data centers host online services on multiple servers, with a front-end load balancer directing each client request to a particular replica. Dedicated

  5. Addressing Security in Medical Sensor Networks Kriangsiri Malasri, Lan Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Lan

    and protection; J.3 [Computer Applications]: Life and Medical Sciences--medical information systems General Terms. Such medical sensor networks can be deployed in hospitals, long-term care facilities, and homes. Our workAddressing Security in Medical Sensor Networks Kriangsiri Malasri, Lan Wang Department of Computer

  6. Converge-Cast with MIMO , Xinbing Wang3

    E-print Network

    Wang, Xinbing

    Converge-Cast with MIMO Luoyi Fu1 , Yi Qin2 , Xinbing Wang3 , Xue Liu4 1,2,3 Depart. of Electronic, called converge-cast, where each of the n nodes in the network act as a destination with k ran- domly two many-to-one cooperative schemes under converge-cast for both static and mobile ad hoc networks

  7. Interoccurrence times in the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model: a comparison with the observed statistics of solar flares.

    PubMed

    Paczuski, Maya; Boettcher, Stefan; Baiesi, Marco

    2005-10-28

    A sequence of bursts observed in an intermittent time series may be caused by a single avalanche, even though these bursts appear as distinct events when noise and/or instrument resolution impose a detection threshold. In the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile, the statistics of quiet times between bursts switches from Poissonian to scale invariant on raising the threshold for detecting instantaneous activity, since each zero-threshold avalanche breaks into a hierarchy of correlated bursts. Calibrating the model with the time resolution of GOES data, qualitative agreement with the interoccurrence time statistics of solar flares at different intensity thresholds is found. PMID:16383890

  8. Muscle-Driven In Vivo Nanogenerator By Zhou Li, Guang Zhu, Rusen Yang, Aurelia C. Wang, and Zhong Lin Wang*

    E-print Network

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Muscle-Driven In Vivo Nanogenerator By Zhou Li, Guang Zhu, Rusen Yang, Aurelia C. Wang, and Zhong energy to mechanical vibration, sonic/ ultrasonic waves, noise, fluidics, biomotions, muscle stretching nanogenerators for the scavenging of low-frequency dynamic muscle energy created by very small-scale physical

  9. Node Reclamation and Replacement for Long-lived Sensor Networks Bin Tong, Guiling Wang, Wensheng Zhang, and Chuang Wang

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Wensheng

    Node Reclamation and Replacement for Long-lived Sensor Networks Bin Tong, Guiling Wang, Wensheng and reclamation (NRR) strategy, with which a mobile robot or human labor called mobile repairman (MR) periodically to schedule the replace- ment/reclamation activities of the MR and the duty cycles of nodes. Extensive

  10. Anti-allergic effect of a Korean traditional medicine, Biyeom-Tang on mast cells and allergic rhinitis

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Biyeom-Tang, a medicine prescribed by oriental clinics, has been used for the treatment of the allergic rhinitis (AR). In the present study, an ethanol extract of Biyeom-Tang (EBT) was investigated for anti-allergic properties on bone-marrow derived mast cells (BMMC) and in vivo models. Methods The anti-allergic properties of EBT were evaluated by measuring ?-Hex release and the production of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) and leukotriene C4 (LTC4) on BMMC in vitro and PCA and OVA-induced AR models in vivo. Results EBT strongly inhibited a degranulation reaction in a dose dependent manner with an IC50 value of 35.6 ?g/ml. In addition, the generation of PGD2 and LTC4 was inhibited in BMMC in a concentration-dependent manner with IC50 values of 7.0 ?g/ml and 10.9 ?g/ml, respectively. When administrated orally, EBT ameliorated the mast cell-mediated PCA reaction. In the OVA-induced AR model, the increased levels of IgE were reduced by EBT. The levels of cytokines, such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, and IL-13 decreased in the splenocytes of EBT-treated mice. The histological analysis shows that the infiltration of inflammatory cells increased by OVA-sensitization was also reduced. Conclusions Taken together, these results suggested that EBT has anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo models. PMID:24521096

  11. Vision-Based Cooperative Simultaneous Localization and Tracking Chun-Hua Chang, Shao-Chen Wang and Chieh-Chih Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Chieh-Chih "Bob"

    . Cooperative localization has been proved to be effective in multi-robot localization. However, nearby movingVision-Based Cooperative Simultaneous Localization and Tracking Chun-Hua Chang, Shao-Chen Wang and Chieh-Chih Wang Abstract-- Localization is one of the most essential capabili- ties of autonomous robots

  12. YU WANG CURRICULUM VITAE (9/10/2012) 1/8 9B9BYU WANG, PH.D. CURRICULUM VITAE

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yu

    YU WANG CURRICULUM VITAE (9/10/2012) 1/8 9B9BYU WANG, PH.D. CURRICULUM VITAE ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR.CS.UNCC.EDU/~YWANG32/ 0B0BEDUCATION ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS Doctor of Philosophy and Technology, Tsinghua University, Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology, Beijing

  13. Record 1 of 96 Author(s): Yang, Q (Yang, Q.); Cunnold, DM (Cunnold, D. M.); Wang, HJ (Wang, H. -J.); Froidevaux,

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Anne

    of 96 Author(s): Jenkins, GS (Jenkins, Gregory S.); Camara, M (Camara, Moctar); Ndiaye, SA (NdiayeRecord 1 of 96 Author(s): Yang, Q (Yang, Q.); Cunnold, DM (Cunnold, D. M.); Wang, HJ (Wang, H. -J.); Froidevaux, L (Froidevaux, L.); Claude, H (Claude, H.); Merrill, J (Merrill, J.); Newchurch, M (Newchurch, M

  14. Identification and comparative quantification of bio-active phthalides in essential oils from si-wu-tang, fo-shou-san, radix angelica and rhizoma chuanxiong.

    PubMed

    Tang, Yuping; Zhu, Min; Yu, Sheng; Hua, Yongqing; Duan, Jin-Ao; Su, Shulan; Zhang, Xu; Lu, Yin; Ding, Anwei

    2010-01-01

    Phthalides are important bio-active constituents in Si-Wu-Tang and Fo-Shou-San, two commonly used Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) combined prescriptions mainly derived from Radix Angelica and Rhizoma Chuanxiong. In this paper, the contents of eight phthalides, including Z-ligustilide, E-ligustilide, Z-butylenephthalide, E-butylene-phthalide, 3-butylphthalide, neocnidilide and senkyunolide A were determined or estimated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results showed GC-MS was a simple, rapid, and high sensitive method for analyzing phthalides in Si-Wu-Tang, Fo-Shou-San, Radix Angelica and Rhizoma Chuanxiong, and the extractable contents of each phthalides including Z-ligustilide, E-ligustilide, Z-butylenephthalide, etc. varied after Radix Angelica, Rhizoma Chuanxiong were combined into a formulation, such as Si-Wu-Tang and Fo-Shou-San. Furthermore, inhibition activity of essential oils from Si-Wu-Tang, Fo-Shou-San, Radix Angelica and Rhizoma Chuanxiong on uterine contraction was tested in an in vitro assay, and the results showed that the activity of the essential oil is higher as the content of the phthalides increase, which demonstrated that phthalides are possibly main active components inhibiting mice uterine contraction in vitro. All of the results suggested that comparative analysis of chemical components and pharmacological activities of each herb and formula is possibly helpful to elucidate the active components in traditional Chinese medicine, and to reveal the compatibility mechanism of TCM formulae. PMID:20110895

  15. Involvement of p38 MAPK signaling pathway in the anti-melanogenic effect of San-bai-tang, a Chinese herbal formula, in B16 cells

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yan Ye; Jian-Hong Chu; Hui Wang; Hong Xu; Gui-Xin Chou; Alexander Kai-Man Leung; Wang-fun Fong; Zhi-Ling Yu

    2010-01-01

    Aim of the studySan-bai-tang (SBT), a Chinese herbal formula, is traditionally used as a skin whitener in China. In our previous screening assays, SBT was identified as an effective tyrosinase inhibitor. In this study, we aim to investigate the anti-melanogenic effect and mechanisms of SBT in B16 cells.

  16. Stabilization of Coiled-Coil Peptide Domains by Introduction of Trifluoroleucine Yi Tang, Giovanna Ghirlanda, Nagarajan Vaidehi, Jeremy Kua, Daniel T. Mainz, William A. Goddard III,

    E-print Network

    Goddard III, William A.

    Stabilization of Coiled-Coil Peptide Domains by Introduction of Trifluoroleucine Yi Tang, Giovanna at the d-positions of the leucine zipper peptide GCN4-p1d increases the thermal stability of the coiled-coil structure. The midpoint thermal unfolding temperature of the fluorinated peptide is elevated by 13 °C at 30

  17. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Jennifer Berney, Jung Eun (Rebecca) Shim, Mikaela Hannam, Paige Holloway, Ryan Tang, Sarah

    E-print Network

    a rating system of the importance of Ocean Wise, local food, organic food, and animal welfare was used production, closely followed by Ocean Wise certification, whereas organic food was the least of consumers (Rebecca) Shim, Mikaela Hannam, Paige Holloway, Ryan Tang, Sarah Clements Hungry Nomad Food Truck LFS 450

  18. Nitrate Anions and Ion Pairing at the Air-Aqueous Interface Man Xu, Cheng Y. Tang, Aaron M. Jubb, Xiangke Chen, and Heather C. Allen*

    E-print Network

    radical levels in and above snowpacks originate from the photolysis of nitrate ions in snow and iceNitrate Anions and Ion Pairing at the Air-Aqueous Interface Man Xu, Cheng Y. Tang, Aaron M. Jubb, Columbus, Ohio 43210 ReceiVed: June 18, 2008; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed: October 31, 2008 Nitrate ions

  19. Wavelet Sparse Approximate Inverse Preconditioners Tony F. Chan 1 \\Lambda and W. P. Tang 2 y and W. L. Wan 3 \\Lambda

    E-print Network

    Chan, Tony F.

    author also acknowledge support from RIACS/NASA Ames NAS 2­96027 and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation by the Province of Ontario), and RIACS/NASA Ames NAS 2­96027. #12; 2 Tony F. Chan and W. P. Tang and W. L. Wan

  20. Search by Voice in Mandarin Chinese Jiulong Shan1, Genqing Wu1, Zhihong Hu2, Xiliu Tang1, Martin Jansche2, Pedro J. Moreno2

    E-print Network

    Tomkins, Andrew

    Search by Voice in Mandarin Chinese Jiulong Shan1, Genqing Wu1, Zhihong Hu2, Xiliu Tang1, Martin describe our efforts to build a Mandarin Chi- nese voice search system. We describe our strategies for data 2009 and has received very positive user reviews. Index Terms: speech recognition, Mandarin, voice

  1. Novel type of chimera spiral waves arising from decoupling of a diffusible component Xiaodong Tang, Tao Yang, Irving R. Epstein, Yang Liu, Yuemin Zhao, and Qingyu Gao

    E-print Network

    Epstein, Irving R.

    Novel type of chimera spiral waves arising from decoupling of a diffusible component Xiaodong Tang (2014) Novel type of chimera spiral waves arising from decoupling of a diffusible component Xiaodong in chimera spirals grows drastically, leading to modulation and breakup of the spirals, in the transition

  2. Wang-Landau sampling with logarithmic windows for continuous models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xie, Y. L.; Chu, P.; Wang, Y. L.; Chen, J. P.; Yan, Z. B.; Liu, J.-M.

    2014-01-01

    We present a modified Wang-Landau sampling (MWLS) for continuous statistical models by partitioning the energy space into a set of windows with logarithmically shrinking width. To demonstrate its necessity and advantages, we apply this sampling to several continuous models, including the two-dimensional square XY spin model, triangular J1-J2 spin model, and Lennard-Jones cluster model. Given a finite number of bins for partitioning the energy space, the conventional Wang-Landau sampling may not generate sufficiently accurate density of states (DOS) around the energy boundaries. However, it is demonstrated that much more accurate DOS can be obtained by this MWLS, and thus a precise evaluation of the thermodynamic behaviors of the continuous models at extreme low temperature (kBT<0.1) becomes accessible. The present algorithm also allows efficient computation besides the highly reliable data sampling.

  3. The Rubber Band Revisited: Wang-Landau Simulation

    E-print Network

    Lucas S. Ferreira; Alvaro A. Caparica; Minos A. Neto; Mircea D. Galiceanu

    2012-07-09

    In this work we apply Wang-Landau simulations to a simple model which has exact solutions both in the microcanonical and canonical formalisms. The simulations were carried out by using an updated version of the Wang-Landau sampling. We consider a homopolymer chain consisting of $N$ monomers units which may assume any configuration on the two-dimensional lattice. By imposing constraints to the moves of the polymers we obtain three different models. Our results show that updating the density of states only after every $N$ monomers moves leads to a better precision. We obtain the specific heat and the end-to-end distance per monomer and test the precision of our simulations comparing the location of the maximum of the specific heat with the exact results for the three types of walks.

  4. Rapid mixing of Swendsen-Wang dynamics in two dimensions

    E-print Network

    Mario Ullrich

    2014-05-14

    We prove comparison results for the Swendsen-Wang (SW) dynamics, the heat-bath (HB) dynamics for the Potts model and the single-bond (SB) dynamics for the random-cluster model on arbitrary graphs. In particular, we prove that rapid mixing of HB implies rapid mixing of SW on graphs with bounded maximum degree and that rapid mixing of SW and rapid mixing of SB are equivalent. Additionally, the spectral gap of SW and SB on planar graphs is bounded from above and from below by the spectral gap of these dynamics on the corresponding dual graph with suitably changed temperature. As a consequence we obtain rapid mixing of the Swendsen-Wang dynamics for the Potts model on the two-dimensional square lattice at all non-critical temperatures as well as rapid mixing for the two-dimensional Ising model at all temperatures. Furthermore, we obtain new results for general graphs at high or low enough temperatures.

  5. Charting Patterns on Price History Saswat Anand and WeiNgan Chin and SiauCheng Khoo

    E-print Network

    Chin, Wei Ngan

    Charting Patterns on Price History Saswat Anand and Wei­Ngan Chin and Siau­Cheng Khoo School, such discovery process can be extremely laborious and technically challenging in the absence of a high level be expressed in CPL. In short, CPL provides a high­level platform upon which analysts can define and search

  6. CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF INDOOR AIR HOMES FROM COMMUNES IN XUAN WEI, CHINA, WITH HIGH LUNG CANCER MORTALITY RATE

    EPA Science Inventory

    In a rural county, Xuan Wei, China, the lung cancer mortality rate is among China's highest, especially in women. his mortality rate is more associated with indoor air burning of smoky coal, as opposed to smokeless coal or wood, for cooking and heating under unvented conditions. ...

  7. Composite Social Network for Predicting Mobile Apps Installation Wei Pan and Nadav Aharony and Alex (Sandy) Pentland

    E-print Network

    Composite Social Network for Predicting Mobile Apps Installation Wei Pan and Nadav Aharony and Alex of predicting mobile application (known as "apps") installation using social networks and explain its challenge applications (referred as "apps") installation, as the mobile application business is growing rapidly (Elli

  8. Analysis and Applications of Smartphone User Mobility Swati Rallapalli, Wei Dong, Gene Moo Lee, Yi-Chao Chen, Lili Qiu

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Lili

    benefit from a better understanding of the smartphone user mobility, which may differ significantly from two popular location based social networks, where the users are real smartphone users and the places1 Analysis and Applications of Smartphone User Mobility Swati Rallapalli, Wei Dong, Gene Moo Lee

  9. Statistical mechanics of helical wormlike chain model Ya Liu, Toni Prez, Wei Li, J. D. Gunton, and Amanda Green

    E-print Network

    Gunton, James D.

    Statistical mechanics of helical wormlike chain model Ya Liu, Toni PĂ©rez, Wei Li, J. D. Gunton://jcp.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 134, 065107 (2011) Statistical mechanics of helical wormlike chain) We investigate the statistical mechanics of polymers with bending and torsional elasticity described

  10. Mesh-free simulations of shear banding in large deformation Shaofan Li, Wei Hao, Wing Kam Liu *

    E-print Network

    Li, Shaofan

    Mesh-free simulations of shear banding in large deformation Shaofan Li, Wei Hao, Wing Kam Liu Mesh-free approximation is used in numerical simulations of strain localization under large deformation. An explicit displacement based mesh-free formulation is used in both two-dimensional and three

  11. Effect of external electric field on the surface energetics of Ag/Si,,111... X. Y. Wei,1

    E-print Network

    Che, Jingguang

    Effect of external electric field on the surface energetics of Ag/Si,,111... Y. He,1 X. Y. Wei,1 C by imposing an external electric field. The preferred adsorption site is found to be field dependent. The most by various factors such as deposition rate, substrate temperature, surface reconstruction, and external

  12. Plastic flow localization in bulk tungsten with ultrafine microstructure Q. Wei, K. T. Ramesh, and E. Maa

    E-print Network

    Wei, Qiuming

    Plastic flow localization in bulk tungsten with ultrafine microstructure Q. Wei, K. T. Ramesh localization is demonstrated in bulk tungsten W of commercial purity under dynamic uniaxial compression energy penetrators.2­4 However, pure body-centered cubic metals and especially tungsten W are notoriously

  13. Globalization, industrial restructuring, and regional development in China Y.H. Dennis Wei a,*, Ingo Liefner b

    E-print Network

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    regions of China with sound track records of publications on globalization, industrialization and regionalGlobalization, industrial restructuring, and regional development in China Y.H. Dennis Wei a: Globalization Institutions Industrialization Regional development China a b s t r a c t China's rapid growth

  14. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 12. Ising Model

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 12 in statistical mechanics (and in physics in general) is the under- standing of phase transitions (e.g. freezing landmarks in the field of statistical mechanics. They have significantly influenced our understanding

  15. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 8. Canonical Ensemble

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 8 surfaces. mc({qi}, {pi}) = const E H({qi}, {pi}) E + E 0 otherwise (1) Statistical mechanics also a meaning in statistical mechanics? A: The ensemble of systems all at constant N, V, T is called

  16. INDOOR AIR EXPOSURE TO COAL AND WOOD COMBUSTION EMISSIONS IN XUAN WEI, CHINA, WITH A HIGH LUNG CANCER RATE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Residents of Xuan Wei County in China have unusually high lung cancer mortality that cannot be attributed to tobacco use or occupational exposure. hey are exposed to smoke from unvented, open pit coal or wood fires (often used for cooking and heating). The variation in lung cance...

  17. Chemical characterization of indoor air of homes from communes in Xuan Wei, China, with high lung cancer mortality rates

    EPA Science Inventory

    In a rural county, Xuan Wei, China, the lung cancer mortality rate is among China's highest, especially in women. This mortality rate is more associated with indoor air burning of smoky coal, as opposed to smokeless coal or wood, for cooking and heating under unvented conditions....

  18. MUTAGENICITY, CARCINOGENICITY, AND HUMAN CANCER RISK FROM INDOOR EXPOSURE TO COAL AND WOOD COMBUSTION IN XUAN WEI, CHINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The residents in Xuan Wei County, China, have been exposed to high levels of combustion emissions from smoky and smokeless coal and wood combustion under unvented conditions in homes. n unusually high lung cancer mortality rate that can not be attributed to tobacco smoke or occup...

  19. Multi-Class Video Co-Segmentation with a Generative Multi-Video Model Wei-Chen Chiu Mario Fritz

    E-print Network

    Multi-Class Video Co-Segmentation with a Generative Multi-Video Model Wei-Chen Chiu Mario Fritz Max Planck Institute for Informatics, Saarbr¨ucken, Germany {walon,mfritz}@mpi-inf.mpg.de Abstract Video data resources. Tasks like segmentation benefit greatly from the analysis of spatio-temporal motion patterns

  20. Dissociation of Water on a Flat, Ordered Silica Surface Y. D. Kim, T. Wei, J. Stultz, and D. W. Goodman*

    E-print Network

    Goodman, Wayne

    Dissociation of Water on a Flat, Ordered Silica Surface Y. D. Kim, T. Wei, J. Stultz, and D. W (UPS) and metastable impact electron spectroscopy (MIES) results are reported for water adsorption of the detailed mechanism for water dissociation. By use of UPS in combinationwith

  1. Modeling 4D Human-Object Interactions for Event and Object Recognition Ping Wei1,2

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Song Chun

    . The human-object in- teraction relation is embedded in 4D space: i) the semantic co-occurrence and geometricModeling 4D Human-Object Interactions for Event and Object Recognition Ping Wei1,2 , Yibiao Zhao2 structures and the large appearance variations. In this paper, we propose a 4D human-object interaction model

  2. How to Automatically and Accurately Sandbox Microsoft IIS Wei Li Lap-chung Lam Tzi-cker Chiueh

    E-print Network

    Chiueh, Tzi-cker

    How to Automatically and Accurately Sandbox Microsoft IIS Wei Li Lap-chung Lam Tzi-cker Chiueh appli- cation against a sandboxing policy is a popular approach to detecting control-hijacking attack to the acceptance of this system call monitoring ap- proach is how to derive accurate sandboxing policies

  3. Belief Propagation Driven Method for Facial Gestures Recognition in Presence of Wei-Kai Liao and Isaac Cohen

    E-print Network

    Southern California, University of

    Belief Propagation Driven Method for Facial Gestures Recognition in Presence of Occlusions Wei cases in an unified way, and allows for the recognition of facial ges- tures in presence of head motion approach. 1. Introduction Automatic facial gestures recognition is a key step to- ward intuitive human

  4. Cationic fluorinated polymer binders for microbial fuel cell Guang Chen, Bin Wei, Bruce E. Logan, Michael A. Hickner

    E-print Network

    Cationic fluorinated polymer binders for microbial fuel cell cathodes Guang Chen, Bin Wei, Bruce E used in chloride counter ion form for making cathode binder solutions. Fluorinated poly(arylene ether). First, the backbone fluorinated poly (arylene ether) (FPAE) was synthesized via nucleophilic

  5. Plasmonic Nanoparticles-Liquid Crystal Composites Saumyakanti Khatua, Pramit Manna, Wei-Shun Chang, Alexei Tcherniak, Eric Friedlander,

    E-print Network

    Zubarev, Eugene

    Plasmonic Nanoparticles-Liquid Crystal Composites Saumyakanti Khatua, Pramit Manna, Wei-Shun ChangVed: NoVember 20, 2009 We report on the plasmonic properties of 6 nm gold nanoparticles that form highly that of conventional alkanethiol- terminated nanoparticles. An 8 nm shift of the surface plasmon resonance was observed

  6. LIKELIHOOD-RATIO EMPIRICAL KERNELS FOR I-VECTOR BASED PLDA-SVM Man-Wai Mak and Wei Rao

    E-print Network

    Mak, Man-Wai

    LIKELIHOOD-RATIO EMPIRICAL KERNELS FOR I-VECTOR BASED PLDA-SVM SCORING Man-Wai Mak and Wei Rao Dept SVM for each target speaker based on a kernel in the empirical feature space. More spe- cially, given the SVM, this pa- per demonstrates that if the enrollment utterance is sufficiently long, a number

  7. ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 11. Applications to Fluids

    E-print Network

    Cai, Wei

    ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 11. Applications to Fluids February 23, 2011 Contents 1 Ideal gas model review 1 2 Van der Waals model 2 3 Virial In this lecture, we will discuss fluids beyond the ideal gas limit. This means we need to account for interactions

  8. Electronic structure of Fe1.04Te0.66Se0.34 Fei Chen,1 Bo Zhou,1 Yan Zhang,1 Jia Wei,1 Hong-Wei Ou,1 Jia-Feng Zhao,1 Cheng He,1 Qing-Qin Ge,1 Masashi Arita,2

    E-print Network

    Hu, Jiangping

    Electronic structure of Fe1.04Te0.66Se0.34 Fei Chen,1 Bo Zhou,1 Yan Zhang,1 Jia Wei,1 Hong-Wei Ou,1 Taniguchi,2 Zhong-Yi Lu,3 Jiangping Hu,4 Xiao-Yu Cui,5 and D. L. Feng1,* 1Department of Physics, Surface

  9. Undercooling, Rapid Solidification, and Relations to Processing in Low Earth Orbit (A Review of the Works of Bingbo Wei)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    deGroh, Henry C., III

    1999-01-01

    This is a survey of the published works of Prof. Bingbo Wei of the Department of Applied Physics at Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xian P.R. China. Transformations among solid - liquid - and vapor are fundamental to the foundations of life and culture on Earth. The development and understanding of materials has lead the evolution and advancement of the human race since antiquity. Materials and fluids research is continuing today, with us standing on the shoulders of those that have gone before us. Technological and scientific breakthroughs continue due to studies of greater and greater complexity, that include for example, research done at high pressures, in high magnetic fields, at temperatures near absolute zero, and in the low gravity environment of low Earth orbit. Of particular technological importance is the liquid to solid transformation of metals and alloys. Solidification processing is generally the most important factor in the final properties of objects made of metal; and undercooling is the fundamental driving force for all solidification. The interest and resources dedicated to the study of solidification and undercooling are great and World wide. For many years B. Wei and his coworkers have been studying undercooling and rapid solidification and have amassed a significant body of published research in this important field, contributing to the leading edge of the state-of-the-art. It is the goal of this memorandum to provide a review of the research of B. Wei et al.; publications in Chinese are included in the reference list but are not discussed. The bulk of Wei's work has been in the area of undercooling and rapid solidification [1-11, 13-16, 24-36] with papers dating back to 1989, the same year he earned his Ph.D. Below, discussions of Wei's undercooling and rapid solidification research have been grouped together mostly on the basis of alloy type, such as eutectic, intermetallic, or monotectic.

  10. Effects of traditional Chinese herbal medicine San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang on gastrointestinal motility in mice

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Min Woo; Ahn, Tae Seok; Hong, Noo Ri; Jeong, Han-Sol; Jung, Myeong Ho; Ha, Ki-Tae; Kim, Byung Joo

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effects of San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang (SHXXT), a herbal product used in traditional Chinese medicine, on gastrointestinal (GI) motility in mice. METHODS: The in vivo effects of SHXXT on GI motility were investigated by measuring the intestinal transit rates (ITRs) using Evans blue in normal mice and in mice with experimentally induced GI motility dysfunction (GMD). RESULTS: In normal ICR mice, ITRs were significantly and dose-dependently increased by SHXXT (0.1-1 g/kg). GMD was induced by injecting acetic acid or streptozotocin intraperitoneally. The ITRs of GMD mice were significantly reduced compared to normal mice, and these reductions were significantly and dose-dependently inhibited by SHXXT (0.1-1 g/kg). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that SHXXT is a novel candidate for the development of a prokinetic agent that may prevent or alleviate GMD. PMID:25632184

  11. Shape Variation in Aterian Tanged Tools and the Origins of Projectile Technology: A Morphometric Perspective on Stone Tool Function

    PubMed Central

    Iovita, Radu

    2011-01-01

    Background Recent findings suggest that the North African Middle Stone Age technocomplex known as the Aterian is both much older than previously assumed, and certainly associated with fossils exhibiting anatomically modern human morphology and behavior. The Aterian is defined by the presence of ‘tanged’ or ‘stemmed’ tools, which have been widely assumed to be among the earliest projectile weapon tips. The present study systematically investigates morphological variation in a large sample of Aterian tools to test the hypothesis that these tools were hafted and/or used as projectile weapons. Methodology/Principal Findings Both classical morphometrics and Elliptical Fourier Analysis of tool outlines are used to show that the shape variation in the sample exhibits size-dependent patterns consistent with a reduction of the tools from the tip down, with the tang remaining intact. Additionally, the process of reduction led to increasing side-to-side asymmetries as the tools got smaller. Finally, a comparison of shape-change trajectories between Aterian tools and Late Paleolithic arrowheads from the North German site of Stellmoor reveal significant differences in terms of the amount and location of the variation. Conclusions/Significance The patterns of size-dependent shape variation strongly support the functional hypothesis of Aterian tools as hafted knives or scrapers with alternating active edges, rather than as weapon tips. Nevertheless, the same morphological patterns are interpreted as one of the earliest evidences for a hafting modification, and for the successful combination of different raw materials (haft and stone tip) into one implement, in itself an important achievement in the evolution of hominin technologies. PMID:22216161

  12. [Simultaneous determination of 9 major components of dachengqi tang in rat plasma by UPLC-MS/MS].

    PubMed

    Shen, Feng-Yun; Wei, Hui-Zhen; Sun, Yong-Bing; Wang, Yue-Sheng; Lv, Shang; Gao, Meng; Zeng, Lian-Qing; Rao, Yi

    2014-06-01

    The study established a UPLC-MS/MS method that is used for simultaneous determination nine major bioactive compounds of Dachengqi Tang in rat plasma. Using Aglient C18 column (2.1 mm x 50 mm,1.7 microm) was chromatographed, using methanol-5 mmol x L(-1) ammonium formate mobile phase gradient, elution 0.3 mL x min(-1). In the plasma pre-treatment process, not only the method of methanol and acetonitrile protein precipitation was investigated, and different factors extraction solvent, the type of the scroll time, the number and the type of extraction solvent, the extraction volume of the extraction solution of liquid-liquid extraction is investigated. Finally, with ibuprofen as an internal standard, using ethyl acetate liquid-liquid extraction method pretreatment blood, N2 dry reconstituted supernatant after centrifugation UPLC-MS/MS analysis, in electrospray ionization (ESI) negative mode, using multiple reaction monitoring mode for testing. The linear range of emodin, rhein, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, magnolol, honokiol, hesperidin and hesperitin is 0.33-660, 0.40-792, 0.41-827, 0.34-680, 0.45-907, 0.46-927, 0.43-867, 0.34-683, 0.39-787 microg x L(-1) respectively, good linear relationship; and extraction recovery were greater than 69.39%, days after the day of the RSD is less than 15%. This method can be used to study the rat gastric large bearing gas after Dachengqi Tang, the simultaneous determination of nine components in plasma for its pharmacokinetics and efficacy material base to provide a theoretical basis. PMID:25244773

  13. Selective Pressures on Clutch Size in the Gall Maker Asteromyia Carbonifera Author(s): Arthur E. Weis, Peter W. Price, Michael Lynch

    E-print Network

    Weis, Arthur

    Selective Pressures on Clutch Size in the Gall Maker Asteromyia Carbonifera Author(s): Arthur E SELECTIVE PRESSURES ON CLUTCH SIZE IN THE GALL MAKER ASTEROMYIA CARBONIFERA' ARTHUR E. WEIS,2 PETER W. PRICE

  14. Potential Selective Pressures by Parasitoids on a Plant-Herbivore Interaction Author(s): Arthur E. Weis and Warren G. Abrahamson

    E-print Network

    Weis, Arthur

    Potential Selective Pressures by Parasitoids on a Plant-Herbivore Interaction Author(s): Arthur E BY PARASITOIDS ON A PLANT-HERBIVORE INTERACTION' ARTHUR E. WEIS2 AND WARREN G. ABRAHAMSON Department of Biology

  15. Using ROC Curve In the Absence of Positive Zehra Cataltepe, Ming-Wei Chang, Thomas Stiefmeier, Bo-Juen Chen and Claus Neubauer

    E-print Network

    Cataltepe, Zehra

    1 Using ROC Curve In the Absence of Positive Examples Zehra Cataltepe, Ming-Wei Chang, Thomas Stiefmeier, Bo-Juen Chen and Claus Neubauer Siemens Corporate Research Inc. 755 College Road East Princeton

  16. An Electrochemical Color-Switchable RGB Dye: Tristable [2]Catenane Wei-Qiao Deng, Amar H. Flood, J. Fraser Stoddart, and William A. Goddard III*,

    E-print Network

    Goddard III, William A.

    An Electrochemical Color-Switchable RGB Dye: Tristable [2]Catenane Wei-Qiao Deng, Amar H. Flood, J for the implementation of an E-PAD. Based on the general design (Figure 1b) a number of require- ments need

  17. Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Established at the University of Missouri-Rolla in 1990, the Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures (CCFSS) was funded with an initial grant from the American Iron and Steel Institute. The Center was renamed in 2000 for its founding director, Dr. Wei-Wen Yu, and today the Center continues to "provide an integrated approach for handling research, teaching, engineering education, technical services, and professional activity." On their homepage, visitors will find five main sections, including "Resources", "Publications", and "Calendar". In the "Publications" section, users can look through past issues of their newsletter, table of contents from their proceedings from 1971 to 2002, and their technical bulletins from 1999 to the present. Moving on, the "Resources" contains a database of the Center's books, and equally importantly, a listing of relevant professional association websites. Finally, visitors can also sign up for email updates from the CCFSS and look over their upcoming conference events.

  18. Sets of uniqueness of the power of the continuum J. Marshall Ash and Gang Wang

    E-print Network

    Ash, J. Marshall

    Sets of uniqueness of the power of the continuum J. Marshall Ash and Gang Wang Abstract. By means of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, DePaul University. 1 #12;2 J. MARSHALL ASH AND GANG WANG Definition

  19. Heng Wang May 2014 Postdoc Researcher hengwang00@gmail.com

    E-print Network

    Heng Wang May 2014 Postdoc Researcher hengwang00@gmail.com LEAR Team, INRIA Rh^one-Alpes, France Contest in Modeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2004 PanDeng Scholarship, Chinese Academy of Sciences´er^ome Revaud, Cordelia Schmid, Jochen Schwenninger, Jakob Verbeek, Heng Wang. The AXES submissions at Trec

  20. ANNA WANG ROE Department of Psychology Office: (615) 343-0901

    E-print Network

    Roe, Anna Wang

    , Gore, JC, Avison MJ, Roe AW (2012) Magnetic resonance imaging in awake monkeys: methods of improving imaging quality. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 30(1):36-47 [PMID: 22055855] Chen G, Wang F, Gore, JC, Roe AW: 21873212] Friedman RM, Dillenburger BC, Wang F, Avison MJ, Gore JC, Roe AW, Chen LM (2011) Methods for fine

  1. ANNA WANG ROE Department of Psychology Office: (615) 343-0901

    E-print Network

    Palmeri, Thomas

    ". Submitted. Chen G, Wang F, Gore, JC, Roe AW (2011) Layer-specific cortical activation in V1 of awake monkeys, under re- review. Chen G, Wang F, Gore, JC, Roe AW (2011) Cortical laminar microscopy in awake monkeys LM, Gore, JC, Avison MJ, Roe AW (2011) Magnetic resonance imaging in awake monkeys: methods

  2. ON A BURGERS' TYPE EQUATION CHUN-HSIUNG HSIA AND XIAOMING WANG

    E-print Network

    Hsia, Chun-Hsiung

    ON A BURGERS' TYPE EQUATION CHUN-HSIUNG HSIA AND XIAOMING WANG Abstract. In this paper we study the dynamics of a Burgers' type equation (1.1). First, we use a new method called attractor bifurcation introduced by Ma and Wang in [4, 6] to study the bifurcation of Burgers' type equation out of the trivial

  3. Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays

    E-print Network

    Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays Danyi Wang (Ph connections on passenger trip time. This paper describes a segment-based trend analysis in passenger trip time%). The trend analysis indicates that a small increase in operations (+0.5%) in conjunction with an increase

  4. A Forgery Attack against PANDA-s Yu Sasaki and Lei Wang

    E-print Network

    A Forgery Attack against PANDA-s Yu Sasaki and Lei Wang NTT Secure Platform Laboratories, Japan sasaki.yu@lab.ntt.co.jp Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Wang.Lei@ntu.edu.sg Abstract. PANDA claim that PANDA-s, which is one of the designs of the PANDA-family, provides 128-bit security

  5. Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays

    E-print Network

    Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays Danyi Wang (Ph. This paper describes an analysis of the trends in passenger trip time for 2004 and 2005. The analysis proven to be a significant factor in the service-profit chain that drives airline profitability

  6. S:\\2013\\sem1213_INC_Chih-Chun Wang_WHY_210813 THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG

    E-print Network

    Huang, Jianwei

    S:\\2013\\sem1213_INC_Chih-Chun Wang_WHY_210813 THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG Institute-Unicast Capacity of Packet-Level Network Coding on Small Wireless Networks by Prof. Chih-Chun WANG Purdue. Biography Chih-Chun Wang is currently an Associate Professor of the School of Electrical and Computer

  7. Convergence for the Wang-Landau Density of States

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, Greg [ORNL; Odbadrakh, Khorgolkhuu [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Eisenbach, Markus [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    The Wang-Landau method of estimating the density of states, g (E), has become a powerful tool in statistical mechanics. Here it is shown that the distribution of random walkers sampled using an estimated density of states can always be used to improve the estimate. Specifically, this can be done without resorting to an auxiliary modification factor, f, which previously has been been used to find g (E) self consistently through a procedure that reduces f incrementally towards unity. The new, straight-forward approach is validated for multiple, independent random walkers.

  8. Swendsen-Wang is faster than single-bond dynamics

    E-print Network

    Mario Ullrich

    2014-01-18

    We prove that the spectral gap of the Swendsen-Wang dynamics for the random-cluster model is larger than the spectral gap of a single-bond dynamics, that updates only a single edge per step. For this we give a representation of the algorithms on the joint (Potts/random-cluster) model. Furthermore we obtain upper and lower bounds on the mixing time of the single-bond dynamics on the discrete $d$-dimensional torus of side length $L$ at the Potts transition temperature for $q$ large enough that are exponential in $L^{d-1}$, complementing a result of Borgs, Chayes and Tetali.

  9. [Exploration on the application of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhiza in the Han-Tang Dynasties and ponderation on the difference of its recognition between ancient and modern ages].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Liang-Liang

    2013-11-01

    During the Han-Tang Dynasties, prescriptions containing Radix Salviae Miltiorrhiza were mainly applied for treating itching, sores, woman's diseases before and after delivery, pediatrical cold and fever diseases, convulsion, bi-syndrome in the lumbar region and lower extremities, abdominal distension and rumbling, and loss of appetite. There was a gap of difference between these indications and those of the modern age. By analyzing these differences on a social and academic background, it is claimed that the difference might be due to the disease spectrum, development of medical academy at different levels, and the way of thinking in medicinal application. Aside from the elimination of individual indication no longer extant due to its inferior clinical recognition, most indications appeared in the Han-Tang Dynasties are convincing. This is worthy of attention in clinical and academic research works. PMID:24524633

  10. The Application of Survey in ER Wang Temple Restituting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shuai, W.; Rong, Z.

    2013-07-01

    Er Wang Temple, in World Heritage Site "Dujiang Weirs and Qingchengshan Mountai", was severely destroyed in Wenchuan earthquake of May 2008. There are several problems at different level in every building, such as structural distortion, foundation displacement, wall fracture, roof damage, etc. The stage was completely collapsed in the earthquake. Tableland the stage situated had a huge crack and slope collapse. This article is for the stage renovation. The survey of damage in earthquake is the basis of Er Wang Temple restituting. Survey including field survey after the earthquake and the measurement and investigation for the remained construction member of the main wood structure. For field survey, the basis of pillars which had not have significantly affects in earthquake could be seem as the reference points for measurement. The investigation of remained main wood construction member, especially the size of the key structures and site and manufacture method of the joints, is the important basis for recovery stage. Our team did our utmost to restore the original appearance of stage in design, materials and craft by various tools, which include measured drawings in different times, old images collection, fine measuring by 3D laser scan, measurement of leftover pieces, logical inference.

  11. Jonathan Chang, Jordan Boyd-Graber, Chong Wang, Sean Gerrish, and David M. Blei. Reading Tea Leaves: How Humans Interpret Topic Models. Neural Information Processing Systems, 2009.

    E-print Network

    Boyd-Graber, Jordan

    Jonathan Chang, Jordan Boyd-Graber, Chong Wang, Sean Gerrish, and David M. Blei. Reading Tea Leaves{Chang:Boyd-Graber:Wang:Gerrish:Blei-2009, Author = {Jonathan Chang and Jordan Boyd-Graber and Chong Wang and Sean Gerrish and David M. Blei@umiacs.umd.edu Sean Gerrish, Chong Wang, David M. Blei Department of Computer Science Princeton University {sgerrish

  12. [Investigation of determining strontium in M. nitida Benth. var. hirsutissima. Z. Wei. by flame atomic absorption spectra].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ling; Rao, Zhi-Jun; Guan, Yuan-Yuan; Zhang, Hai-Ming

    2010-12-01

    The present paper is aimed to establish the method of determining the strontium in M. nitida Benth. var. hirsutissima. Z. Wei. by means of air-acetylene flame atomic absorption spectra, and also provide reference for the determination of the strontium in other traditional Chinese medicine. M. Nitida Benthvarhirsutissima Z. Wei. was taken as the object. The authors used nitric-perchloric acid as digestion solution to digest samples by microwave which was controlled by pressure, and used EDTA-2Na as the releasing agent to add in the samples for determining the strontium in M. nitida Benth. var. hirsutissima. Z. Wei. by FAAS. The results showed that the samples were entirely digested by microwave. The working curve was Y = 0.036 5x -0.001 1, r = 0.999 4, the range was 0-1.6 microg x mL(-1), the average recovery rate was 101.5% with RSD 2.04%, and the method detection limit was 0.008 2 microg x mL(-1) (n = 21). It is concluded that this method is simple and accurate. It has high sensitivity and can be effectively used for determining the strontium in this traditional Chinese medicine. PMID:21322253

  13. Heavy metal pollution and health risk assessment in the Wei River in China.

    PubMed

    Yang, Xuefu; Duan, Jinming; Wang, Lei; Li, Wei; Guan, Jianling; Beecham, Simon; Mulcahy, Dennis

    2015-03-01

    From data collected monthly at 26 monitoring cross sections in the Wei River in the Shaanxi Region of China during the period 2008-2012, the temporal pollution characteristics of heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Cr(VI), Pb, and As) were analyzed based on a heavy metal pollution index (HPI). The monthly HPI values of the five heavy metals in the river fluctuated greatly in 2008 and then declined gradually with time. This general trend of reduction in HPI appears not to have a seasonal variation and most likely resulted from the continued improvement in heavy metal pollution control strategies implemented by local environmental agencies combined with a significant improvement in wastewater treatment capacities. Among the five heavy metals, Cd and Pb were below 0.1 and 3 ?g L(-1), respectively, at all the sampling points in the studied areas in the year 2012. The detection rates of As, Hg, and Cr(VI) were in the order of Hg?>?Cr(VI)?>?As. Hg, Cr(VI), and As exceeded, in a month of the dry season in 2012, the standard limits for category III surface waters according to the China Environment Quality Standards for Surface Water (CEQSSW). Based on the assessment using the HPI method, the pollution status of these heavy metals in water of the Wei River in the Shaanxi Region was generally at an acceptable level, but exhibited distinctive characteristics between the main stream river and tributaries. Most of the tributaries were more seriously polluted than the main river. A health risk assessment was conducted based on the Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) method recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Apart from As, the health risk for the five heavy metals in the region were at acceptable levels for drinking water sources (hazard quotient (HQ)?

  14. Ke Wang, a Chinese television soap opera with a message.

    PubMed

    Wang, M; Singhal, A

    1992-01-01

    The Chinese soap opera, Ke Wang, was created by Li Xiaoming between August 1989 and June 1990 and produced at a cost of US$4650 per episode. The characters were drawn from everyday ordinary Chinese life: a traditional and open-minded and caring woman, a typical mother who works hard and loves her children, a highly educated upwardly mobile man who divorces his wife, a professor criticized during the Cultural Revolution, a doctor prejudiced against ordinary people, a kind honest man who marries the divorcee, a friend of the divorcee, a man who is optimistic in spite of bad experiences during the Cultural Revolution, and an excellent medical doctor who also resolves conflicts. The program was very popular, even among Communists, because of its value-based content, the real-life nature of the show, the change from highly restricted programming, the elaborate and supportive media coverage, and dialogue which closely matches audience preferences. The show has been aired by over 100 stations to date and has reached a total estimated audience of 550 million. The sale of television sets has increased since the show's appearance. The script reflects the conflicts between traditional and modern Chinese values. Pro-social values and behaviors are learned from the role models depicted; examples are given of immediate social impact. Ke Wang was a by-product of the Beijing Television Arts Center's interest in designing television programs that are relevant to the lives of ordinary people. The 60-minute scripts dealt with issues such as the status of women, social morality, family harmony, class conflict, responsible parenthood, maintenance of traditional culture, volunteerism, child development, and coping with physical disability. The Chinese government hailed Ke Wang as model television and awarded US$20,000 in prize money to the producers. The Chinese government is planning to produce other entertainment-education soap operas, which raises the problem of blatant, political propaganda. In 1989, after the Tinanmen Square events, the controversial He Shang, which attacked cultural symbols, was denounced and banned. PMID:12286006

  15. Evolution of the Orszag-Tang vortex system in a compressible medium. I - Initial average subsonic flow

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dahlburg, R. B.; Picone, J. M.

    1989-01-01

    The results of fully compressible, Fourier collocation, numerical simulations of the Orszag-Tang vortex system are presented. The initial conditions for this system consist of a nonrandom, periodic field in which the magnetic and velocity field contain X points but differ in modal structure along one spatial direction. The velocity field is initially solenoidal, with the total initial pressure field consisting of the superposition of the appropriate incompressible pressure distribution upon a flat pressure field corresponding to the initial, average Mach number of the flow. In these numerical simulations, this initial Mach number is varied from 0.2-0.6. These values correspond to average plasma beta values ranging from 30.0 to 3.3, respectively. It is found that compressible effects develop within one or two Alfven transit times, as manifested in the spectra of compressible quantities such as the mass density and the nonsolenoidal flow field. These effects include (1) a retardation of growth of correlation between the magnetic field and the velocity field, (2) the emergence of compressible small-scale structure such as massive jets, and (3) bifurcation of eddies in the compressible flow field. Differences between the incompressible and compressible results tend to increase with increasing initial average Mach number.

  16. Monitoring bidecadal development of urban agglomeration with remote sensing images in the Jing-Jin-Tang area, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Linlin; Guo, Huadong; Wang, Cuizhen; Pesaresi, Martino; Ehrlich, Daniele

    2014-01-01

    As an important urban agglomeration of China, the Jing-Jin-Tang area has experienced intense urbanization since the 1980s. This study explores the spatiotemporal dynamics of urban areas in this region using multitemporal Landsat images. An enhanced built-up (BU) index method was applied to extract BU areas with an overall accuracy ranging from 75% to 91.35%. Seven spatial metrics were used to discern urban growth patterns at city and county levels. The results indicate that all cities witnessed a rapid growth of BU areas with different spatial patterns. Beijing has been aggregating since the 1990s and a large homogeneous urban patch has formed. The construction and development of metropolitan Beijing and Tianjin started in the early 1980s and became almost fully developed by the end of 1990. Tangshan, like many medium-sized cities in China, is still enduring a development process with an accelerating pace. The metropolitan areas of Beijing and Tianjin have been greatly developed with BU densities exceeding 90% since 2000, compared with Tangshan's 55% in 2010. These results provide spatial information on the evolution of urban extent in the period of 1990s to 2010s in this region.

  17. Effect of Sipjeondaebo-Tang on Cancer-Induced Anorexia and Cachexia in CT-26 Tumor-Bearing Mice

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Ki Yong; Woo, Sang-Mi; Jun, Chan-Yong; Park, Jong Hyeong; Shin, Yong Cheol; Ko, Seong-Gyu

    2014-01-01

    Cancer-associated anorexia and cachexia are a multifactorial condition described by a loss of body weight and muscle with anorexia, asthenia, and anemia. Moreover, they correlate with a high mortality rate, poor response to chemotherapy, poor performance status, and poor quality of life. Cancer cachexia is regulated by proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?). In addition, glucagon like peptide-1 (GIP-1), peptide YY (PYY), ghrelin, and leptin plays a crucial role in food intake. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of one of the traditional herbal medicines, Sipjeondaebo-tang (Juzen-taiho-to in Japanese; SJDBT), on cancer anorexia and cachexia in a fundamental mouse cancer anorexia/cachexia model, CT-26 tumor-bearing mice. SJDBT was more significantly effective in a treatment model where it was treated after anorexia and cachexia than in a prevention model where it was treated before anorexia and cachexia on the basis of parameters such as weights of muscles and whole body and food intakes. Moreover, SJDBT inhibited a production of IL-6, MCP-1, PYY, and GLP-1 and ameliorated cancer-induced anemia. Therefore, our in vivo studies provide evidence on the role of SJDBT in cancer-associated anorexia and cachexia, thereby suggesting that SJDBT may be useful for treating cancer-associated anorexia and cachexia. PMID:24963216

  18. Effect of tao-hong-si-wu-tang, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine formula, on physical fatigue in mice.

    PubMed

    Li, Shan-shan; Chen, Zi-chao; Zhang, Chao-hui

    2012-01-01

    Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang (THSWT) is a famous traditional Chinese herbal medicine formula, which has traditionally been used in China for about one thousand years. The present study investigated the effect of THSWT on physical fatigue. 32 male mice were randomly divided into 4 groups with 8 in each group. All were administered orally and daily for 28 days. Group I received isotonic saline solution as control; Group II, III and IV obtained 5, 10 and 20ml/ kg body weight of THSWT solutions, respectively. After 28 days, the anti-physical fatigue effect of THSWT was evaluated by using a forced swimming test, along with the determination of blood lactic acid, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), liver glycogen and muscle glycogen contents. The data showed that THSWT could extend exhaustive swimming time of mice, as well as decrease the BLA and BUN contents and increase the liver glycogen and muscle glycogen contents. The results support that THSWT had anti-physical fatigue effect. PMID:24082327

  19. Advancing Drug Discovery and Development from Active Constituents of Yinchenhao Tang, a Famous Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Aihua; Sun, Hui; Qiu, Shi; Wang, Xijun

    2013-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula has been playing a very important role in health protection and disease control for thousands of years. Guided by TCM syndrome theories, formula are designed to contain a combination of various kinds of crude drugs that, when combined, will achieve synergistic efficacy. However, the precise mechanism of synergistic action remains poorly understood. One example is a famous TCM formula Yinchenhao Tang (YCHT), whose efficacy in treating hepatic injury (HI) and Jaundice syndrome, has recently been well established as a case study. We also conducted a systematic analysis of synergistic effects of the principal compound using biochemistry, pharmacokinetics and systems biology, to explore the key molecular mechanisms. We had found that the three component (6,7-dimethylesculetin (D), geniposide (G), and rhein (R)) combination exerts a more robust synergistic effect than any one or two of the three individual compounds by hitting multiple targets. They can regulate molecular networks through activating both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways to synergistically cause intensified therapeutic effects. This paper provides an overview of the recent and potential developments of chemical fingerprinting coupled with systems biology advancing drug discovery towards more agile development of targeted combination therapies for the YCHT. PMID:24191164

  20. Subacute Oral Toxicity of Yukmijiwhang-Tang in Crl:CD Sprague-Dawley Rats and Its Cytotoxicity

    PubMed Central

    Seo, Chang-Seob; Huh, Jung-Im; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo

    2014-01-01

    Background. The traditional herbal formula Yukmijiwhang-tang (YMJ) consists of six medicinal herbs and has been used to treat dysuria, diabetic mellitus, and neurosis in Korea, China, and Japan. Here we report safety information on its subacute toxicity and the cytotoxicity. Methods. YMJ extract was administered to SD rats at various dosages for 4 weeks. We monitored clinical signs, mortality, body and organ weights, food intake, and hematological and serum biochemistry factors. For cytotoxicity testing, each cell line was treated with various concentrations of YMJ for 24?h. Results. YMJ treatment had no significant effects on changes in clinical signs, body weight, or food intake in male or female rats. In male rats, YMJ treatment decreased the absolute weights of the epididymides and serum Na levels. In female rats, YMJ significantly reduced the prothrombin time (PT) and serum creatine level. However, the changes were not severe and were considered to be in the normal physiological range for rats. The no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) was estimated to be 2000?mg/kg/day. YMJ extract did not exert any cytotoxicity against 23 tested cell lines. Conclusions. Our data provide scientific evidence on the safety of YMJ for potential development as a prescription drug. PMID:25431608

  1. Inhibitory effects of Hwang-Ryun-Hae-Dok-Tang on cytochrome P450 in human liver microsomes.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sang Yoon; Jang, Himchan; Lee, Ji-Yoon; Ma, Jin Yeul; Oh, Soo Jin; Kim, Sang Kyum

    2015-02-01

    1.?The herb-drug interaction potential of Hwang-Ryun-Hae-Dok-Tang (HR) extracts mediated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibition was determined using human liver microsomes. 2.?HR strongly inhibited CYP1A2 and moderately inhibited CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4 (testosterone) but not CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, and CYP3A4 (midazolam). 3.?The enzyme kinetic results suggest that CYP1A2 inhibition is competitively reversible (Ki, 13.4±1.8??g/ml), and CYP2D6 inhibition is quasi-irreversible (KI, 0.234±0.138??g/ml; kinact, 0.067±0.006?min(-1)). 4.?Fermentation using Lactobacillus acidophilus attenuated the HR-induced inhibition of CYP2D6, but not the other isoforms. 5.?Neither CYP1A2 nor CYP3A4 was markedly inhibited by berberine, palmatine, and geniposide-major components in HR-and CYP2D6 was inhibited by berberine (IC50, 13.8??g/ml) in a metabolism-dependent manner. 6.?The results suggest the possibility of HR-drug interaction through inhibition of CYP-particularly CYP2D6-which may be attenuated by fermentation using L. acidophilus. PMID:25145883

  2. Protection Effect of Zhen-Wu-Tang on Adriamycin-Induced Nephrotic Syndrome via Inhibiting Oxidative Lesions and Inflammation Damage

    PubMed Central

    Liang, Chun-ling; Wu, Jun-biao; Lai, Jie-mei; Ye, Shu-fang; Lin, Jin; Ouyang, Hui; Zhan, Janis Ya-xian; Zhou, Jiu-yao

    2014-01-01

    Zhen-wu-tang (ZWT), a well-known formula in China, is widely used to treat chronic kidney diseases. However, very little information on ZWT's mechanism of action is currently available. In this study, we investigated the possible protective role and underlying mechanism of ZWT on nephrotic syndrome (NS) induced by Adriamycin (intravenous injection, 6.0?mg/kg) in rats using biochemical and histopathological approaches. ZWT decreased urine protein excretion and the serum levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood urea nitrogen, and creatinine significantly in diseased rats. A decrease in plasma levels of total protein and albumin was also recorded in nephropathic rats. Pathological results show an improved pathological state and recovering glomerular structure in ZWT treatment groups. ZWT decreased renal IL-8 level but increased renal IL-4 level. In addition, rats subjected to ZWT exhibited less IgG deposition in glomerulus compared with model group. RT-PCR results showed that ZWT decreased the mRNA expression of NF-?B p65 and increased the mRNA expression of I?B. Furthermore, ZWT reduced the level of MDA and increased SOD activity. These results demonstrated that ZWT ameliorated Adriamycin-induced NS in rats possibly by inhibiting Adriamycin-induced inflammation damage, enhancing body's antioxidant capacity, thereby protecting glomerulus from injury. PMID:24812565

  3. Evaluating the Bone Tissue Regeneration Capability of the Chinese Herbal Decoction Danggui Buxue Tang from a Molecular Biology Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Wen-Ling; Sheu, Shi-Yuan; Kao, Shung-Te; Fu, Yuan-Tsung; Kuo, Tzong-Fu; Yao, Chun-Hsu

    2014-01-01

    Large bone defects are a considerable challenge to reconstructive surgeons. Numerous traditional Chinese herbal medicines have been used to repair and regenerate bone tissue. This study investigated the bone regeneration potential of Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), a Chinese herbal decoction prepared from Radix Astragali (RA) and Radix Angelicae Sinensis (RAS), from a molecular biology perspective. The optimal ratio of RA and RAS used in DBT for osteoblast culture was obtained by colorimetric and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assays. Moreover, the optimal concentration of DBT for bone cell culture was also determined by colorimetric, ALP activity, nodule formation, Western blotting, wound-healing, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity assays. Consequently, the most appropriate weight ratio of RA to RAS for the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts was 5?:?1. Moreover, the most effective concentration of DBT was 1,000??g/mL, which significantly increased the number of osteoblasts, intracellular ALP levels, and nodule numbers, while inhibiting osteoclast activity. Additionally, 1,000??g/mL of DBT was able to stimulate p-ERK and p-JNK signal pathway. Therefore, DBT is highly promising for use in accelerating fracture healing in the middle or late healing periods. PMID:25295277

  4. The Usefulness of Xuefu Zhuyu Tang for Patients with Angina Pectoris: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Yi, Guo-zhong; Qiu, Yu-qin; Xiao, Ya; Yuan, Li-xia

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of Xuefu Zhuyu Tang (XFZYT) for treating angina pectoris (AP). Methods. Six databases were searched (up to December, 2013). Eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficiency of XFZYT plus traditional antianginal medications (TAMs) compared with TAMs alone in patients with AP were included. The outcomes were relief of anginal symptoms (RAS) and improvement of electrocardiogram (ECG) and blood high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level. Result. Finally 14 RCTs were included. There were evidences that XFZYT combined with TAMs was more effective in improving RAS (RR = 1.29; 95% CI = [1.20, 1.38]), ECG (RR = 1.37; 95% CI = [1.22, 1.54]), and blood HDL-C level (MD = 0.29?mmol/L; 95% CI = [0.23, 0.35]) compared with TAMs alone. Our meta-analysis also showed the pooled number needed to treat (NNT) of the group with stable angina pectoris (SAP) was smaller in improving RAS (4.2 versus 5.7) and ECG (3.1 versus 5.5) compared with the group with both SAP and unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Conclusion. Combination therapy with XFZYT and TAMs is more effective in treating AP compared with TAMs alone. And XFZYT may be a more suitable choice for the treatment of SAP. However, the findings should be interpreted with caution due to the mediocre methodological quality of the included RCTs. PMID:25254054

  5. Anti-apoptotic effect of San Huang Shel Shin Tang cyclodextrin complex (SHSSTc) on CCl4 -induced hepatotoxicity in rats.

    PubMed

    Yang, Cheng-Hsun; Ting, Wei-Jen; Shen, Chia-Yao; Hsu, Hsi-Hsien; Lin, Yueh-Min; Kuo, Chia-Hua; Tsai, Fuu-Jen; Tsai, Chang-Hai; Tsai, Yuhsin; Huang, Chih-Yang

    2014-11-28

    The metabolic loading is heavier in liver especially when injured or inflammation. San Huang Shel Shin Tang (SHSST) was an old traditional herbal decoction, which composed with Rheum officinale Baill, Scutellaria baicalnsis Geprgi and Coptis chinensis Franch (1:1:2 in weight), can provide a liver protection effects. We used a beta-cyclodextrin (?-CD) drug modification method in reduce of the necessary dose of the SHSST. As the results, the FAS-FADD expressions leaded apoptosis in CCl4 intraperitoneal (IP) injection induced acute liver injury in rats. Silymarin, baicalein, SHSST, and SHSST ?-CD complex (SHSSTc) pretreatments protected liver through the decreasing of the expressions of FAS-FADD and downstream caspase-3 and caspase-8. Particularly, SHSSTc (30 mg/kg day) treatment enhanced cell survival pathway activation through the PI3K, Akt and Bad phosphorylation. Compared with SHSST as well as silymarin and baicalein, SHSSTc provided a magnificent liver protection effect, especially in survival pathway activation/TUNEL-apoptotic cell reduction/serum cholesterol level suppression. All these data suggested that ?-CD complex modified the SHSST and promoted the bioavailability and liver protection effects. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2014. PMID:25447754

  6. Simultaneous determination of eight major bioactive compounds in Dachengqi Tang (DT) by high-performance liquid chromatography

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Wenfu; Wan, Meihua; Zhu, Zhengyan; Chen, Guanyuan; Huang, Xi

    2008-01-01

    Background Dachengqi Tang (DT) is a common traditional Chinese medicine formula for expelling neire ('internal heat') in the stomach and intestines. There was no reliable analytical method available for the quality control of DT. Methods A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with a reverse phase C18 column (150 × 4.6 mm) was developed. The mobile phase was methanol with 0.2% acetic acid. Eight markers including naringin, hesperidin, aloe emodin, rhein, honokiol, magnolol, emodin and chrysophanol were determined. Results Regression analysis revealed a linear relationship between the concentrations of the markers and the peak area ratio of the standards and internal standard. The limit of detection (S/N = 3) and the limit of qualification (RSD < 20%) ranged from 0.21 to 0.43 ng/?l and 0.76 to 1.74 ng/?l respectively. The recovery was between 95.6% and 103.4%. The tests on the samples from three batches of DT showed that the profiles of the markers did not vary significantly among batches. Conclusion A reliable HPLC method for simultaneous determination of the eight markers in DT was developed. PMID:18445276

  7. Can Hedysari Radix replace Astragali Radix in Danggui Buxue Tang, a Chinese herbal decoction for woman aliment?

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wendy Li; Choi, Roy Chi-Yan; Zhan, Janis Ya-Xian; Chen, Jian-Ping; Luk, Wilson Kin-Wai; Yao, Ping; Dong, Tina Ting-Xia; Tsim, Karl Wah-Keung

    2013-09-15

    Astragali Radix (AR) has been used for over 2000 years in China for the enrichment of "Qi". Hedysari Radix (HR), a herb having similar chemical composition with AR, has been commonly used as a substitute of AR in herbal decoction. In order to evaluate the possible replacement of HR for AR in Chinese herbal decoction, systematic comparison of AR and HR was done by chemical and biological assessments. The water extract of AR contained higher levels of calycosin, calycosin-glucoside, ononin, astragaloside III and astragaloside IV, while higher amount of formononetin was found in the HR extract. The estrogenic, erythropoetic and osteogenic effects were compared between the water extracts of AR and HR, and in all cases AR extract showed higher biological activities. Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) is a very common herbal decoction for woman aliment, and which contains AR and Angelica Sinensis Radix. Here, we generated two forms of DBT having either AR or HR as the major herbs. Chemically, AR-contained DBT showed higher amounts of various active chemicals, except formononetin that was higher in HR-contained DBT. In parallel, the estrogenic, osteogenic and erythropoetic effects of DBT containing AR showed better activities than that of DBT having HR. Thus, AR and HR showed distinct differences in terms of chemical and biological properties. In order to achieve the best therapeutical effect, as well as to guarantee the safety, AR is recommended here to be used for making DBT. PMID:23746954

  8. Hydrolysis of Glycosidic Flavonoids during the Preparation of Danggui Buxue Tang: An Outcome of Moderate Boiling of Chinese Herbal Mixture

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Wendy Li; Chen, Jian-Ping; Lam, Kelly Yin-Ching; Zhan, Janis Ya-Xian; Yao, Ping; Dong, Tina Ting-Xia; Tsim, Karl Wah-Keung

    2014-01-01

    Chemical change during boiling of herbal mixture is a puzzle. By using Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), a herbal decoction that contains Astragali Radix (AR) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR), we developed a model in analyzing the hydrolysis of flavonoid glycosides during the boiling of herbal mixture in water. A proper preparation of DBT is of great benefit to the complete extraction of bioactive ingredients. Boiling of DBT in water increased the solubility of AR-derived astragaloside IV, calycosin, formononetin, calycosin-7-O-?-D-glucoside, and ononin in a time- and temperature-dependent manner: the amounts of these chemicals reached a peak at 2?h. The glycosidic resides of AR, calycosin-7-O-?-D-glucoside, and ononin could be hydrolyzed during the moderate boiling process to form calycosin and formononetin, respectively. The hydrolysis efficiency was strongly affected by pH, temperature, and amount of herbs. Interestingly, the preheated herbs were not able to show this hydrolytic activity. The current results supported the rationality of ancient preparation of DBT in boiling water by moderate heat. PMID:24744813

  9. The usefulness of xuefu zhuyu tang for patients with angina pectoris: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

    PubMed

    Yi, Guo-Zhong; Qiu, Yu-Qin; Xiao, Ya; Yuan, Li-Xia

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of Xuefu Zhuyu Tang (XFZYT) for treating angina pectoris (AP). Methods. Six databases were searched (up to December, 2013). Eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficiency of XFZYT plus traditional antianginal medications (TAMs) compared with TAMs alone in patients with AP were included. The outcomes were relief of anginal symptoms (RAS) and improvement of electrocardiogram (ECG) and blood high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level. Result. Finally 14 RCTs were included. There were evidences that XFZYT combined with TAMs was more effective in improving RAS (RR = 1.29; 95% CI = [1.20, 1.38]), ECG (RR = 1.37; 95% CI = [1.22, 1.54]), and blood HDL-C level (MD = 0.29?mmol/L; 95% CI = [0.23, 0.35]) compared with TAMs alone. Our meta-analysis also showed the pooled number needed to treat (NNT) of the group with stable angina pectoris (SAP) was smaller in improving RAS (4.2 versus 5.7) and ECG (3.1 versus 5.5) compared with the group with both SAP and unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Conclusion. Combination therapy with XFZYT and TAMs is more effective in treating AP compared with TAMs alone. And XFZYT may be a more suitable choice for the treatment of SAP. However, the findings should be interpreted with caution due to the mediocre methodological quality of the included RCTs. PMID:25254054

  10. Cognitive enhancing effect of the fermented Gumiganghwal-tang on scopolamine-induced memory impairment in mice.

    PubMed

    Weon, Jin Bae; Lee, Jiwoo; Eom, Min Rye; Jung, Youn Sik; Ma, Choong Je

    2014-09-12

    Gumiganghwal-tang (GT) is a traditional herbal medicine that is widely used for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic actions. Fermented GT has been reported to inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and to exert a neuroprotective effect. In this study, we investigated the effect of fermented GT against scopolamine-induced memory impairment in mice using the Morris water maze and passive avoidance tests. The results of the Morris water maze test indicated that fermented GT significantly decreased escape latency, as compared with that observed in the scopolamine-treated group. In the prove test, fermented GT attenuated the decreased time spent in the target quadrant observed after scopolamine treatment. The results of the passive avoidance test indicated that the treatment with fermented GT increased latency time when compared with the scopolamine-treated group. Moreover, fermented GT inhibited AChE activity in the hippocampi of the treated mice. These results suggest that fermented GT reduced scopolamine-induced amnesia in mice through AChE inhibition. Therefore, we hypothesize that fermented GT may be a useful therapeutic agent for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. PMID:25216329

  11. Scalable replica-exchange framework for Wang Landau sampling

    SciTech Connect

    Vogel, Thomas [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2014-01-01

    We investigate a generic, parallel replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations based on the Wang Landau method. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for massively parallel simulations of complex systems, we apply it to lattice spin models, the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions, and the adsorption of molecules on surfaces. While of general, current interest, the latter phenomena are challenging to study computationally because of multiple structural transitions occurring over a broad temperature range. We show how the parallel framework facilitates simulations of such processes and, without any loss of accuracy or precision, gives a significant speedup and allows for the study of much larger systems and much wider temperature ranges than possible with single-walker methods.

  12. Thermodynamics of RNA structures by Wang–Landau sampling

    PubMed Central

    Lou, Feng; Clote, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Motivation: Thermodynamics-based dynamic programming RNA secondary structure algorithms have been of immense importance in molecular biology, where applications range from the detection of novel selenoproteins using expressed sequence tag (EST) data, to the determination of microRNA genes and their targets. Dynamic programming algorithms have been developed to compute the minimum free energy secondary structure and partition function of a given RNA sequence, the minimum free-energy and partition function for the hybridization of two RNA molecules, etc. However, the applicability of dynamic programming methods depends on disallowing certain types of interactions (pseudoknots, zig-zags, etc.), as their inclusion renders structure prediction an nondeterministic polynomial time (NP)-complete problem. Nevertheless, such interactions have been observed in X-ray structures. Results: A non-Boltzmannian Monte Carlo algorithm was designed by Wang and Landau to estimate the density of states for complex systems, such as the Ising model, that exhibit a phase transition. In this article, we apply the Wang-Landau (WL) method to compute the density of states for secondary structures of a given RNA sequence, and for hybridizations of two RNA sequences. Our method is shown to be much faster than existent software, such as RNAsubopt. From density of states, we compute the partition function over all secondary structures and over all pseudoknot-free hybridizations. The advantage of the WL method is that by adding a function to evaluate the free energy of arbitary pseudoknotted structures and of arbitrary hybridizations, we can estimate thermodynamic parameters for situations known to be NP-complete. This extension to pseudoknots will be made in the sequel to this article; in contrast, the current article describes the WL algorithm applied to pseudoknot-free secondary structures and hybridizations. Availability: The WL RNA hybridization web server is under construction at http://bioinformatics.bc.edu/clotelab/. Contact: clote@bc.edu PMID:20529917

  13. 102:3481-3491, 2009. First published Oct 7, 2009; doi:10.1152/jn.00688.2009J Neurophysiol Koorosh Mirpour, Fabrice Arcizet, Wei Song Ong and James W. Bisley

    E-print Network

    Crawford, Doug

    Mirpour, Fabrice Arcizet, Wei Song Ong and James W. Bisley You might find this additional information Arcizet,1 Wei Song Ong,1,4 and James W. Bisley1,2,3,4 1 Department of Neurobiology and 2 Jules Stein Eye, California Submitted 3 August 2009; accepted in final form 2 October 2009 Mirpour K, Arcizet F, Ong WS

  14. Laser-induced decompression shock development in fused silica Junlan Wang,a)

    E-print Network

    Sottos, Nancy R.

    Laser-induced decompression shock development in fused silica Junlan Wang,a) Richard L. Weaver. A decompression shock forms and greatly enhances interfacial failure of a thin film deposited on the substrate

  15. To Unify Structured and Unstructured P2P Systems Honghao Wang, Yingwu Zhu and Yiming Hu

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Yingwu "Jason"

    To Unify Structured and Unstructured P2P Systems Honghao Wang, Yingwu Zhu and Yiming Hu Department, such as Gnutella [1] and KaZaA [2], peers are orga- nized arbitrarily. Through simple Ping/Pong mechanism, each

  16. Lihong V. Wang, Ph.D. URL: HTTP://OILAB.SEAS.WUSTL.EDU

    E-print Network

    a book on polarization and edited the first book on photoacoustic tomography. Professor Wang has reconstruction algorithm, frequency-swept ultrasound-modulated optical tomography, time-reversed ultrasonically

  17. Securing BGP through Keychain-based Signatures Heng Yin, Bo Sheng, Haining Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Haining

    Securing BGP through Keychain-based Signatures Heng Yin, Bo Sheng, Haining Wang College of William and Mary Jianping Pan University of Victoria Abstract-- As the major component of Internet routing in

  18. A Simple Model for Cloud Radiative Properties 1 Weijie Wang and Jun Liu 3

    E-print Network

    Russell, Lynn

    are largely composed of liquid water or ice. The microphysical properties 11 radiative properties of droplets with different effective radius and liquid water path 1 A Simple Model for Cloud Radiative Properties 1 2 Weijie Wang

  19. A new paradigm for petascale Monte Carlo simulation: Replica exchange Wang-Landau sampling

    E-print Network

    Li, Ying Wai; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a generic, parallel Wang-Landau method that is naturally suited to implementation on massively parallel, petaflop supercomputers. The approach introduces a replica-exchange framework in which densities of states for overlapping sub-windows in energy space are determined iteratively by traditional Wang-Landau sampling. The advantages and general applicability of the method are demonstrated for several distinct systems that possess discrete or continuous degrees of freedom, including those with complex free energy landscapes and topological constraints.

  20. A new paradigm for petascale Monte Carlo simulation: Replica exchange Wang-Landau sampling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Ying Wai; Vogel, Thomas; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2014-05-01

    We introduce a generic, parallel Wang-Landau method that is naturally suited to implementation on massively parallel, petaflop supercomputers. The approach introduces a replica-exchange framework in which densities of states for overlapping sub-windows in energy space are determined iteratively by traditional Wang-Landau sampling. The advantages and general applicability of the method are demonstrated for several distinct systems that possess discrete or continuous degrees of freedom, including those with complex free energy landscapes and topological constraints.

  1. A new paradigm for petascale Monte Carlo simulation: Replica exchange Wang Landau sampling

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Ying Wai [ORNL] [ORNL; Vogel, Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland] [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA] [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a generic, parallel Wang Landau method that is naturally suited to implementation on massively parallel, petaflop supercomputers. The approach introduces a replica-exchange framework in which densities of states for overlapping sub-windows in energy space are determined iteratively by traditional Wang Landau sampling. The advantages and general applicability of the method are demonstrated for several distinct systems that possess discrete or continuous degrees of freedom, including those with complex free energy landscapes and topological constraints.

  2. A new paradigm for petascale Monte Carlo simulation: Replica exchange Wang-Landau sampling

    E-print Network

    Ying Wai Li; Thomas Vogel; Thomas Wüst; David P. Landau

    2014-02-10

    We introduce a generic, parallel Wang-Landau method that is naturally suited to implementation on massively parallel, petaflop supercomputers. The approach introduces a replica-exchange framework in which densities of states for overlapping sub-windows in energy space are determined iteratively by traditional Wang-Landau sampling. The advantages and general applicability of the method are demonstrated for several distinct systems that possess discrete or continuous degrees of freedom, including those with complex free energy landscapes and topological constraints.

  3. Review of Jessica Ching-Sze Wang, John Dewey in China: To Teach and To Learn

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathaniel Barrett

    2009-01-01

    Jessica Ching-Sze Wang’s John Dewey in China provides a new and thoughtprovoking appraisal of the significance of John Dewey’s visit to China in the years 1919–1921. Her main goal is to redress the imbalance of previous studies that, by focusing on Dewey’s impact in China (or lack thereof), have neglected to consider the ways in which Dewey himself might have

  4. Atomic Layer Deposition of Lanthanum-Based Ternary Oxides Hongtao Wang,a

    E-print Network

    that interfacial layers could be avoided when ternary rare earth oxide GdScO3 films were deposited on Si by ALDAtomic Layer Deposition of Lanthanum-Based Ternary Oxides Hongtao Wang,a Jun-Jieh Wang,b Roy Gordon-based ternary oxide LaxM2-xO3 M = Sc, Lu, or Y films were deposited on HF-last Si substrates by atomic layer

  5. Bai-hu-tang, ancient chinese medicine formula, may provide a new complementary treatment option for sepsis.

    PubMed

    Lin, Chien-Jung; Su, Yi-Chang; Lee, Cheng-Hung; Li, Tsai-Chung; Chen, Yun-An; Lin, Sunny Jui-Shan

    2013-01-01

    Bai-Hu-Tang (BHT) has been broadly applied to treating the early stage of acute infection with systemic inflammation for two thousand years in Chinese medicine. We explore whether BHT is beneficial in treating sepsis and its effects on proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-6, and anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10, in which both play key roles in the progress of sepsis. Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into six groups, with cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) performed in all but the sham-control group. Rats in CLP + BHT-L6 and CLP + BHT-H6 groups, respectively, received a low (0.45?g/kg) and high doses (0.9?g/kg) of BHT, 6?hrs postoperatively. CLP + BHT-L12 and CLP + BHT-H12 groups, respectively, received low and high doses of BHT, 12?hrs postoperatively. Sham-control and sepsis-control groups received distilled water (1?mL) as vehicle, 6 hrs postoperatively. Serial blood samples were drawn before operation, as baseline, and at 4, 8, and 12?hrs postoperatively for IL-6 and IL-10 assay. All rats were monitored for 3 days for survival study. Rats in the CLP + BHT-H6 group had significantly higher survival rate (80%) and significantly lower levels of both IL-6 and IL-10 at 12?hrs postoperatively than those in the sepsis-control group. Results suggested that BHT may be a new complementary treatment option for sepsis. PMID:23762108

  6. The effects of venting and decompression on Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens) in the marine ornamental aquarium fish trade

    PubMed Central

    Tissot, Brian N.; Heidel, Jerry R.; Miller-Morgan, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Each year, over 45 countries export 30 million fish from coral reefs as part of the global marine ornamental aquarium trade. This catch volume is partly influenced by collection methods that cause mortality. Barotrauma in fish resulting from forced ascent from depth can contribute to post-collection mortality. However, implementing decompression stops during ascent can prevent barotrauma. Conversely, venting (puncturing the swim bladder to release expanded internal gas) following ascent can mitigate some signs of barotrauma like positive buoyancy. Here, we evaluate how decompression and venting affect stress and mortality in the Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens). We examined the effects of three ascent treatments, each with decompression stops of varying frequency and duration, coupled with or without venting, on sublethal effects and mortality using histology and serum cortisol measurements. In fish subjected to ascent without decompression stops or venting, a mean post-collection mortality of 6.2% occurred within 24 h of capture. Common collection methods in the fishery, ascent without decompression stops coupled with venting, or one long decompression stop coupled with venting, resulted in no mortality. Histopathologic examination of heart, liver, head kidney, and swim bladder tissues in fish 0d and 21d post-collection revealed no significant barotrauma- or venting-related lesions in any treatment group. Ascent without decompression stops resulted in significantly higher serum cortisol than ascent with many stops, while venting alone did not affect cortisol. Future work should examine links in the supply chain following collection to determine if further handling and transport stressors affect survivorship and sublethal effects. PMID:25737809

  7. The effects of venting and decompression on Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens) in the marine ornamental aquarium fish trade.

    PubMed

    Munday, Emily S; Tissot, Brian N; Heidel, Jerry R; Miller-Morgan, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Each year, over 45 countries export 30 million fish from coral reefs as part of the global marine ornamental aquarium trade. This catch volume is partly influenced by collection methods that cause mortality. Barotrauma in fish resulting from forced ascent from depth can contribute to post-collection mortality. However, implementing decompression stops during ascent can prevent barotrauma. Conversely, venting (puncturing the swim bladder to release expanded internal gas) following ascent can mitigate some signs of barotrauma like positive buoyancy. Here, we evaluate how decompression and venting affect stress and mortality in the Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens). We examined the effects of three ascent treatments, each with decompression stops of varying frequency and duration, coupled with or without venting, on sublethal effects and mortality using histology and serum cortisol measurements. In fish subjected to ascent without decompression stops or venting, a mean post-collection mortality of 6.2% occurred within 24 h of capture. Common collection methods in the fishery, ascent without decompression stops coupled with venting, or one long decompression stop coupled with venting, resulted in no mortality. Histopathologic examination of heart, liver, head kidney, and swim bladder tissues in fish 0d and 21d post-collection revealed no significant barotrauma- or venting-related lesions in any treatment group. Ascent without decompression stops resulted in significantly higher serum cortisol than ascent with many stops, while venting alone did not affect cortisol. Future work should examine links in the supply chain following collection to determine if further handling and transport stressors affect survivorship and sublethal effects. PMID:25737809

  8. Activity-dependent branching ratios in stocks, solar x-ray flux, and the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, Elliot; Shreim, Amer; Paczuski, Maya

    2010-01-01

    We define an activity-dependent branching ratio that allows comparison of different time series Xt . The branching ratio bx is defined as bx=E[?x/x] . The random variable ?x is the value of the next signal given that the previous one is equal to x , so ?x={Xt+1?Xt=x} . If bx>1 , the process is on average supercritical when the signal is equal to x , while if bx<1 , it is subcritical. For stock prices we find bx=1 within statistical uncertainty, for all x , consistent with an “efficient market hypothesis.” For stock volumes, solar x-ray flux intensities, and the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld (BTW) sandpile model, bx is supercritical for small values of activity and subcritical for the largest ones, indicating a tendency to return to a typical value. For stock volumes this tendency has an approximate power-law behavior. For solar x-ray flux and the BTW model, there is a broad regime of activity where bx?1 , which we interpret as an indicator of critical behavior. This is true despite different underlying probability distributions for Xt and for ?x . For the BTW model the distribution of ?x is Gaussian, for x sufficiently larger than 1, and its variance grows linearly with x . Hence, the activity in the BTW model obeys a central limit theorem when sampling over past histories. The broad region of activity where bx is close to one disappears once bulk dissipation is introduced in the BTW model—supporting our hypothesis that it is an indicator of criticality.

  9. Yin-Chen-Hao-Tang alleviates biliary obstructive cirrhosis in rats by inhibiting biliary epithelial cell proliferation and activation

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Bing; Sun, Ming-Yu; Long, Ai-Hua; Cao, Hong-Yan; Ren, Shuang; Bian, Yan-Qin; Lu, Xiong; Gu, Hong-Tu; Liu, Cheng-Hai; Liu, Ping

    2015-01-01

    Background: Yin-Chen-Hao-Tang (YCHT) consists of three aqueous extracts from Artemisia capillaris, Gardenia sp., and prepared Rheum rhabarbarum (rhubarb) (3:2:1). YCHT is characterized by its anti-inflammatory properties in liver regulation and relief of jaundice. We aimed to study the effects and mechanisms of action of YCHT on biliary obstructive cirrhosis. Materials and Methods: Secondary biliary fibrosis was induced in rats by bile duct ligation (BDL) and scission. One week after BDL, rats were randomly divided into a saline-treated BDL or YCHT-treated BDL group for 4 weeks. Liver function and hepatic hydroxyproline (Hyp) content were assessed. Types I and IV collagen (Col-IV), laminin, fibronectin, alpha smooth muscle actin (?-SMA), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen protein and messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression were assessed with immunohistochemistry and real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: In the YCHT-treated BDL group, serum total bilirubin, total bile acids, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and ?-glutamyl transferase were lower than those in the sham-operated BDL group. The proliferation of bile ducts in hepatic tissues and the Hyp content and Col deposition were also significantly lower than those in control rats. In addition, ?-SMA and Col-IV staining was less obvious, and mRNA expression of Procol-?1 (IV), platelet derived growth factor subunit B (PDGF)-B, connective tissue growth factor, and transforming growth factor-beta in proliferative biliary epithelial cells (BECs) in the YCHT-treated BDL group was significantly lower than those in controls. Conclusions: YCHT effectively reduces the formation of biliary obstructive cirrhosis mainly via inhibition of BEC proliferation by down-regulation of PDGF-B mRNA expression, inhibition of BEC profibrogenic paracrines, and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition pathological process.

  10. Yin Chen Hao Tang, a Chinese prescription, inhibits both herpes simplex virus type-1 and type-2 infections in vitro.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Hua-Yew; Lin, Liang-Tzung; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Yang, Chien-Min; Lin, Chun-Ching

    2008-01-01

    Yin Chen Hao Tang (YCHT) is one of the most frequently used prescriptions in the long history of traditional Chinese medicine practice. The prescription contains three Chinese herbs, namely Artemisia capillaries Thunb. (Compositae), Rheum officinale Baillon (Polygonaceae), and Gardenia jasminoids Ellis (Rubiaceae), and has been widely used to treat acute hepatitis with jaundice. In this study, the in vitro anti-HSV-1 and HSV-2 activities of the water extract of YCHT were investigated. Results showed that YCHT water extract inhibited both HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections. However, the inhibition was more effective against HSV-2 than against HSV-1. The IC(50) and IC(90) values of YCHT water extract against HSV-1 infection were in the range of 142.5-150.1 and 191.3-393.9 microg/ml, and against HSV-2 infection they were in the range of 19.6-29.4 and 42.2-97.7 microg/ml, respectively. The water extract of YCHT showed no cytotoxic effect at a concentration of 500 microg/ml or below, and had a CC(50) value of 850.7+/-1.7 microg/ml. The prescription was found to diminish HSV-2 infectivity in a dose-dependent manner, and the activity was influenced by the incubation periods and the incubation temperatures. Concurrent addition of virus with YCHT or pre-treatment of the virus with the prescription extract both protected the cells from infection. In summary, the water extract of YCHT was concluded to inhibit infections by HSV-1 and HSV-2 and this effect was likely mediated through direct inactivation of the virus infectivity. PMID:17931713

  11. Lactobacillus fermentation enhances the inhibitory effect of Hwangryun-haedok-tang in an ovariectomy-induced bone loss

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Hwangryun-haedok-tang (HRT) is traditional herbal medicine used to treat inflammatory-related diseases in Asia. However, its effect on osteoclastogenesis and bone loss is still unknown. In this study, we evaluated the effect of HRT and its fermented product (fHRT) on the receptor activator for the nuclear factor-?B ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis using murine bone marrow-derived macrophages and postmenopausal bone loss using an ovariectomy (OVX) rat model. Methods Tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was employed to evaluate osteoclast formation. mRNA level of transcription factor and protein levels of signaling molecules were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis, respectively. Effect of HRT or fHRT on OVX-induced bone loss was evaluated using OVX rats orally administered HRT, or fHRT with 300 mg/kg for 12 weeks. Micro-CT analysis of femora was performed to analyze bone parameter. Results HRT or fHRT treatment significantly decreased TRAP activity and the number of TRAP positive multinuclear cells on osteoclastogenesis. Interestingly, these inhibitory effects of HRT were enhanced by fermentation. Furthermore, fHRT significantly inhibited mRNA and protein expression of nuclear factor of activated T cells cytoplasmic 1, which leads to down-regulation of NFATc1-regulated mRNA expressions such as TRAP, the d2 isoform of vacuolar ATPase V(0) domain, and cathepsin K. Administration of fHRT significantly inhibited the decrease of bone mineral density, and improved bone parameter of femora more than that of HRT and vehicle in OVX rats. Conclusions This study demonstrated that lactic bacterial fermentation fortifies the inhibitory effect of HRT on osteoclastogenesis and bone loss. These results suggest that fermented HRT might have the beneficial potential on osteoporosis by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis. PMID:23680047

  12. Bai-Hu-Tang, Ancient Chinese Medicine Formula, May Provide a New Complementary Treatment Option for Sepsis

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Chien-Jung; Su, Yi-Chang; Lee, Cheng-Hung; Li, Tsai-Chung; Chen, Yun-An; Lin, Sunny Jui-Shan

    2013-01-01

    Bai-Hu-Tang (BHT) has been broadly applied to treating the early stage of acute infection with systemic inflammation for two thousand years in Chinese medicine. We explore whether BHT is beneficial in treating sepsis and its effects on proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-6, and anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10, in which both play key roles in the progress of sepsis. Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into six groups, with cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) performed in all but the sham-control group. Rats in CLP + BHT-L6 and CLP + BHT-H6 groups, respectively, received a low (0.45?g/kg) and high doses (0.9?g/kg) of BHT, 6?hrs postoperatively. CLP + BHT-L12 and CLP + BHT-H12 groups, respectively, received low and high doses of BHT, 12?hrs postoperatively. Sham-control and sepsis-control groups received distilled water (1?mL) as vehicle, 6 hrs postoperatively. Serial blood samples were drawn before operation, as baseline, and at 4, 8, and 12?hrs postoperatively for IL-6 and IL-10 assay. All rats were monitored for 3 days for survival study. Rats in the CLP + BHT-H6 group had significantly higher survival rate (80%) and significantly lower levels of both IL-6 and IL-10 at 12?hrs postoperatively than those in the sepsis-control group. Results suggested that BHT may be a new complementary treatment option for sepsis. PMID:23762108

  13. Transparent Network Protocol Testing and Evaluation Xiaoshuang Wang, Sunil Agham, Vikram Munishwar, Vaibhav Nipunage, Shailendra Singh, and Kartik Gopalan

    E-print Network

    Gopalan, Kartik

    Transparent Network Protocol Testing and Evaluation Xiaoshuang Wang, Sunil Agham, Vikram Munishwar, Vaibhav Nipunage, Shailendra Singh, and Kartik Gopalan Computer Science, Binghamton University, Binghamton

  14. An ID-based Authenticated Two Round Multi-Party Key Agreement Xinjun Du, Ying Wang, Jianhua Ge and Yumin Wang

    E-print Network

    and Yumin Wang Key Laboratory of Computer Networks and Information Security Xidian University Xi'an 710071 authentically by an entity. Security attributes of our protocol are presented, and computational overhead of the BD protocol [13] and a modified signature scheme [14] to propose a two round multi

  15. Enhanced Wang Landau Sampling of Adsorbed Protein Conformations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Radhakrishna, Mithun; Sharma, Sumit; Kumar, Sanat K.

    2012-02-01

    Using computer simulations to model the folding of proteins into their native states is computationally expensive due to the extraordinarily low degeneracy of the ground state. In this paper, we develop an efficient way to sample these folded conformations using Wang Landau sampling coupled with the configurational bias method (which uses an unphysical ``temperature'' which is between the collapse and folding transition of the protein). This method speeds-up the folding process by roughly an order of magnitude over existing algorithms. We apply this method to study the adsorption of HP protein fragments on a hydrophobic surface, a model which is a close analog of one presented recently by Shea and coworkers. We are able to readily capture the fact that these fragments, which are unstructured in the bulk, acquire secondary structure upon adsorption onto a strong hydrophobic surface. Apparently, the presence of a hydrophobic surface allows these random coil fragments to fold by providing hydrophobic contacts that were lost in protein fragmentation.

  16. Exploring HP protein models using Wang-Landau sampling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wuest, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2008-03-01

    The hydrophobic-polar (HP) protein model has become a standard in assessing the efficiency of computational methods for protein structure prediction as well as for exploring the statistical physics of protein folding in general. Numerous methods have been proposed to address the challenges of finding minimal energy conformations within the rough energy landscape of this lattice heteropolymer model. However, only a few studies have been dedicated to the more revealing - but also more demanding - problem of estimating the density of states which allows access to thermodynamic properties of a system at any temperature. Here, we show that Wang-Landau sampling, in connection with a suitable move set (``pull moves''), provides a powerful route for the ground state search and the precise determination of the density of states for HP sequences (with up to 100 monomers) in both, two and three dimensions. Our procedure possesses an intrinsic simplicity and overcomes the inevitable limitations inherent in other more tailored approaches. The main advantage lies in its general applicability to a broad range of lattice protein models that go beyond the scope of the HP model.

  17. Quantitative contribution of climate change and human activities to runoff changes in the Wei River basin, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhan, C. S.; Jiang, S. S.; Sun, F. B.; Jia, Y. W.; Niu, C. W.; Yue, W. F.

    2014-08-01

    Surface runoff from the Wei River basin, the largest tributary of the Yellow River in China, has dramatically decreased over last 51 years from 1958 to 2008. Climate change and human activities have been identified as the two main reasons for the decrease in runoff. The study period is split into two sub-periods (1958-1989 and 1990-2008) using the Mann-Kendall jump test. This study develops an improved climate elasticity method based on the original climate elasticity method, and conducts a quantitative assessment of the impact of climate change and human activities on the runoff decrease in the Wei River basin. The results from the original climate elasticity method show that climatic impacts contribute 37-40% to the decrease in runoff, while human impacts contribute 60-63%. In contrast, the results from the improved climate elasticity method yield a climatic contribution to runoff decrease of 22-29% and a human contribution of 71-78%. A discussion of the simulation reliability and uncertainty concludes that the improved climate elasticity method has a better mechanism and can provide more reasonable results.

  18. Elucidating Pharmacological Mechanisms of Natural Medicines by Biclustering Analysis of the Gene Expression Profile: A Case Study on Curcumin and Si-Wu-Tang

    PubMed Central

    Quan, Yuan; Li, Bin; Sun, You-Min; Zhang, Hong-Yu

    2014-01-01

    Natural medicines have attracted wide attention in recent years. It is of great significance to clarify the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines. In prior studies, we established a method for elucidating pharmacological mechanisms of natural products contained in connectivity map (cMap), in terms of module profiles of gene expression in chemical treatments. In this study, we explore whether this methodology is applicable to dissecting the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines beyond the agents contained in cMap. First, the gene expression profiles of curcumin (a typical isolated natural medicine) and Si-Wu-Tang (a classic traditional Chinese medicine formula) treatments were merged with those of cMap-derived 1309 agents, respectively. Then, a biclustering analysis was performed using FABIA method to identify gene modules. The biological functions of gene modules provide preliminary insights into pharmacological mechanisms of both natural medicines. The module profile can be characterized by a binary vector, which allowed us to compare the expression profiles of natural medicines with those of cMap-derived agents. Accordingly, we predicted a series of pharmacological effects for curcumin and Si-Wu-Tang by the indications of cMap-covered drugs. Most predictions were supported by experimental observations, suggesting the potential use of this method in natural medicine dissection. PMID:25551600

  19. Volume Illustration of Muscle from Diffusion Tensor Images Wei Chen, Member, IEEE, Zhicheng Yan, Student Member, IEEE, Song Zhang, Member, IEEE,

    E-print Network

    Chen, Wei

    Volume Illustration of Muscle from Diffusion Tensor Images Wei Chen, Member, IEEE, Zhicheng Yan details. Current solutions are ineffective for visualizing fibrous structures such as muscle, because typical datasets (CT or MRI) do not contain directional details. In this paper, we introduce a new muscle

  20. GSTM1 AND GSTT1 GENOTYPES AND LUNG CANCER RISK ASSOCIATED WITH EXPOSURE TO INDOOR COAL EMISSIONS: A CASE-CONTROL STUDY IN XUAN WEI, CHINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The lung cancer mortality rate in Xuan Wei County, China is among the highest in the country and has been associated with exposure to indoor smoky coal emissions that contain high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. This risk may be modified by variation in metabolism gen...

  1. Design of metallic textile core sandwich panels F.W. Zok *, H.J. Rathbun, Z. Wei, A.G. Evans

    E-print Network

    Zok, Frank

    Design of metallic textile core sandwich panels F.W. Zok *, H.J. Rathbun, Z. Wei, A.G. Evans-5050, USA Received 3 March 2003 Abstract Metallic sandwich panels with textile cores have been analyzed. All rights reserved. Keywords: Sandwich panels; Lightweight structures; Textiles; Optimal design 1

  2. Techniques to Visualize and Monitor Transit Fleet Operations Performance in Urban Wei Feng, Miguel Figliozzi, Scott Price, Wu-chi Feng and Kristina Hostetler

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    1 Techniques to Visualize and Monitor Transit Fleet Operations Performance in Urban Areas Wei Feng of schedule adherence and headway regularity. TriMet is the transit provider in the Portland metropolitan on a Google Maps platform. Visualizations proposed in this study can aid transit agency managers and operators

  3. Multimode Locomotion via SuperBot Robots Wei-Min Shen, Maks Krivokon, Harris Chiu, Jacob Everist, Michael Rubenstein, Jagadesh Venkatesh

    E-print Network

    Shen, Wei-Min

    Multimode Locomotion via SuperBot Robots Wei-Min Shen, Maks Krivokon, Harris Chiu, Jacob Everist for multiple locomotion modes based on reconfigurable modules. Each mode consists of characteristics and multifunctional robots. I. INTRODUCTION Multimode locomotion is essential for any self-sustaining robotic system

  4. Spectrum Prediction in Cognitive Radio Networks Xiaoshuang Xing1,Tao Jing1,Wei Cheng2 Yan Huo1, Xiuzhen Cheng3

    E-print Network

    Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

    Spectrum Prediction in Cognitive Radio Networks Xiaoshuang Xing1,Tao Jing1,Wei Cheng2 Yan Huo1}@bjtu.edu.cn, wcheng@cs.uml.edu, yhuo@bjtu.edu.cn, cheng@gwu.edu Abstract--Spectrum sensing, spectrum decision, spectrum sharing, and spectrum mobility are four major functions of cognitive radio (CR) systems. Spectrum

  5. FLUX-ROPE STRUCTURES AT VENUS AND TITAL H. Y. Wei, C. T. Russell, M. K. Dougherty, and J. G. Luhmann

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    FLUX-ROPE STRUCTURES AT VENUS AND TITAL H. Y. Wei, C. T. Russell, M. K. Dougherty, and J. G of Venus by its interaction with the solar wind and in that of Titan during its interaction with the flowing magnetized plasma corotating with Saturn. At solar maximum, the Venus ionosphere was found

  6. Take This Personally: Pollution Attacks on Personalized Services Xinyu Xing, Wei Meng, Dan Doozan, Alex C. Snoeren, Nick Feamster, and Wenke Lee

    E-print Network

    Snoeren, Alex

    Take This Personally: Pollution Attacks on Personalized Services Xinyu Xing, Wei Meng, Dan Doozan against three popular Web services, we high- light a new class of vulnerability that allows an attacker a pollution attack, that allows third parties to alter the customized content the services return to users who

  7. Global entanglement and quantum criticality in spin chains Tzu-Chieh Wei, Dyutiman Das, Swagatam Mukhopadyay, Smitha Vishveshwara, and Paul M. Goldbart

    E-print Network

    Goldbart, Paul M.

    ' two-qubit concurrence 10 . Vidal and co- workers 4 have connected the von Neumann entropyGlobal entanglement and quantum criticality in spin chains Tzu-Chieh Wei, Dyutiman Das, Swagatam The entanglement of quantum XY spin chains of arbitrary length is investigated via a recently developed global

  8. ReaxFFMgH Reactive Force Field for Magnesium Hydride Systems Sam Cheung, Wei-Qiao Deng, Adri C. T. van Duin, and William A. Goddard III*

    E-print Network

    van Duin, Adri

    ReaxFFMgH Reactive Force Field for Magnesium Hydride Systems Sam Cheung, Wei-Qiao Deng, Adri C. TFFMgH) for magnesium and magnesium hydride systems. The parameters for this force field were derived from fitting to quantum chemical (QM) data on magnesium clusters and on the equations of states for condensed phases

  9. Superelasticity in TiNi Alloys and Its Applications in Smart Systems Wei Cai, Yufeng Zheng, Xianglong Meng and Liancheng Zhao

    E-print Network

    Zheng, Yufeng

    Superelasticity in TiNi Alloys and Its Applications in Smart Systems Wei Cai, Yufeng Zheng and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China, weicai@hit.edu.cn Keywords: TiNi alloy of TiNi alloy, which has been widely used in the smart systems of many fields, such as aerospace

  10. doi:10.1152/jn.01214.200595:2951-2961, 2006. First published 15 February 2006;J Neurophysiol Wei Dong and Elizabeth S. Olson

    E-print Network

    Allen, Jont

    published February 15, 2006; doi:10.1152/jn.01214.2005. The middle ear transmits environmental sounddoi:10.1152/jn.01214.200595:2951-2961, 2006. First published 15 February 2006;J Neurophysiol Wei.html can be found at:Journal of NeurophysiologyaboutAdditional material and information http://www.the-aps.org/publications/jn

  11. POLYMORPHISMS IN THE DNA BASE EXCISION REPAIR GENES APEX1 AND XRCC1 AND LUNG CANCER RISK IN XUAN WEI, CHINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The lung cancer mortality rate in Xuan Wei County is among the highest in China and has been attributed to exposure to indoor smoky coal emissions that contain very high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Nucleotide excision repair (NER) plays a key role in revers...

  12. HUMAN EXPOSURE AND DOSIMETRY OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN URINE FROM XUAN WEI, CHINA WITH HIGH LUNG CANCER MORTALITY ASSOCIATED WITH EXPOSURE TO UNVENTED COAL SMOKE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Lung cancer mortality rate in Xuan Wei (XW) county, China is 5 times the China national average; women's rate is China's highest. W residents have been exposed to unvented coal or wood smoke during cooling or heating in homes. his study investigated indoor air exposure and dosime...

  13. MOUSE SKIN TUMORIGENICITY STUDIES OF INDOOR COAL AND WOOD COMBUSTION EMISSIONS FROM HOMES OF RESIDENTS IN XUAN WEI, CHINA WITH HIGH LUNG CANCER MORTALITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The rural Xuan Wei County, Yunnan Province, China, has an unusually high lung cancer mortality rate that cannot be attributed to tobacco smoke or occupational exposure. he lung cancer rate is associated with "smoky" coal, in contrast to wood or "smokeless" coal burned in unventil...

  14. Identification and Tracking of Players in Sports Videos Chun-Wei Lu, Chao-Yung Hsu, and Hong-Yuan Mark Liao

    E-print Network

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    Project Identification and Tracking of Players in Sports Videos Chun-Wei Lu, Chao-Yung Hsu games. Usually, videos of basketball games are acquired from a single pan-tilt- zoom camcorder at court, and Hong-Yuan Mark Liao Challenges To develop an automatic basketball video analysis system is difficult

  15. High Performance VMM-Bypass I/O in Virtual Machines JIUXING LIU, WEI HUANG, BULENT ABALI, AND DHABALESWAR K. PANDA

    E-print Network

    Yang, Junfeng

    , AND DHABALESWAR K. PANDA Technical Report OSU-CISRC-2/06-TR22 #12;High Performance VMM-Bypass I/O in Virtual Machines Jiuxing Liu Wei Huang Bulent Abali Dhabaleswar K. Panda IBM T. J. Watson Research Center 19 University Columbus, OH 43210 {huanwei, panda}@cse.ohio-state.edu Abstract Currently, I/O device

  16. FAST Copper For Broadband Access Mung Chiang1, Jianwei Huang1, Dahai Xu1, Yung Yi1, Chee Wei Tan1, Raphael Cendrillon2

    E-print Network

    Yi, Yung

    FAST Copper For Broadband Access Mung Chiang1, Jianwei Huang1, Dahai Xu1, Yung Yi1, Chee Wei Tan1 Abstract-- This is an overview of the ongoing FAST Copper project, which is aimed at substantial improvements in rate, reach, reliability, and quality in copper-last-mile broadband access through fiber

  17. Mixed-state sensitivity of several quantum-information benchmarks Nicholas A. Peters, Tzu-Chieh Wei, and Paul G. Kwiat

    E-print Network

    Kwiat, Paul

    Mixed-state sensitivity of several quantum-information benchmarks Nicholas A. Peters, Tzu-Chieh Wei the sensitivity of the common state measures--fidelity, trace distance, concurrence, tangle, von Neumann entropy of two-qubit entangled mixed states. Specifically, we illustrate a sensitivity imbalance between three

  18. Large-Scale Longitudinal Analysis of SOAP-Based and RESTful Web Services Wei Jiang1,2, Dongwon Lee3, Songlin Hu1

    E-print Network

    Lee, Dongwon

    Large-Scale Longitudinal Analysis of SOAP-Based and RESTful Web Services Wei Jiang1,2, Dongwon Lee3 services of SOAP-based and RESTful types. For the period of roughly one year and from five different world gathered from the Web; and (4) We closely monitor both functional and QoS aspects of SOAP-based and RESTful

  19. Fluorinated Imidazoles as Proton Carriers for Water-Free Fuel Cell Wei-Qiao Deng, Valeria Molinero, and William A. Goddard III*

    E-print Network

    Goddard III, William A.

    Fluorinated Imidazoles as Proton Carriers for Water-Free Fuel Cell Membranes Wei-Qiao Deng, Valeria to a surface Pt atom. The effect of fluorination is to reduce the electronic density in the sp2 lone pair. Now the question is whether the fluorination of imidazole will slow the proton transport in the Nafion

  20. ON ICA OF COMPLEX-VALUED FMRI: ADVANTAGES AND ORDER SELECTION Wei Xiong, Yi-Ou Li, Hualiang Li, Tulay Adali

    E-print Network

    Adali, Tulay

    ON ICA OF COMPLEX-VALUED FMRI: ADVANTAGES AND ORDER SELECTION Wei Xiong, Yi-Ou Li, Hualiang Li, T ABSTRACT Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data are originally acquired as complex-valued images, while virtu- ally all fMRI studies only use the magnitude of the data in the analysis. Since little

  1. ON ICA OF COMPLEX-VALUED FMRI: ADVANTAGES AND ORDER SELECTION Wei Xiong, Yi-Ou Li, Hualiang Li, Tulay Adal!

    E-print Network

    Adali, Tulay

    ON ICA OF COMPLEX-VALUED FMRI: ADVANTAGES AND ORDER SELECTION Wei Xiong, Yi-Ou Li, Hualiang Li, T ABSTRACT Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data are originally acquired as complex-valued images, while virtu- ally all fMRI studies only use the magnitude of the data in the analysis. Since little

  2. Dynamic Media Assemblage Sheng-Jie Luo, Chun-Yu Tsai, Wei-Chao Chen, and Bing-Yu Chen, Senior Member, IEEE

    E-print Network

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    1 Dynamic Media Assemblage Sheng-Jie Luo, Chun-Yu Tsai, Wei-Chao Chen, and Bing-Yu Chen, Senior.-J. Luo and B.-Y. Chen are with National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (email: forestking@cs.columbia.edu). W.-C. Chen is with Skywatch Innovation Inc., Taipei 10084, Taiwan, and also with National Taiwan

  3. Mapping Hidden Water Pipelines Using a Mobile Sensor Droplet TED TSUNG-TE LAI, WEI-JU CHEN, YU-HAN TIFFANY CHEN, POLLY HUANG, and

    E-print Network

    Huang, Polly

    20 Mapping Hidden Water Pipelines Using a Mobile Sensor Droplet TED TSUNG-TE LAI, WEI-JU CHEN, YU-HAN TIFFANY CHEN, POLLY HUANG, and HAO-HAU CHU, National Taiwan University This study presents several satisfaction ACM Reference Format: Lai, T. T.-T., Chen, W.-J., Chen, Y.-H. T., Huang, P., and Chu, H.-H. 2013

  4. Plasmonic Bowtie Nanolaser Arrays Jae Yong Suh1, Chul Hoon Kim1,3, Wei Zhou2, Mark D. Huntington2

    E-print Network

    Shahriar, Selim

    MRSEC Plasmonic Bowtie Nanolaser Arrays Jae Yong Suh1, Chul Hoon Kim1,3, Wei Zhou2, Mark D volume, within the bowtie gap produced laser oscillations at the localized surface plasmon resonance gap between the photo-excited dye molecules and gap plasmons on the picosecond time scale. NSF Grant #DMR

  5. Pollen-specific pectin methylesterase involved in pollen tube growth Guo-Wei Tian, Min-Huei Chen, Adi Zaltsman, Vitaly Citovsky

    E-print Network

    Citovsky, Vitaly

    Pollen-specific pectin methylesterase involved in pollen tube growth Guo-Wei Tian, Min-Huei Chen 2006; accepted 16 February 2006 Available online 27 March 2006 Abstract Pollen tube elongation in the pistil is a crucial step in the sexual reproduction of plants. Because the wall of the pollen tube tip

  6. DNA ADDUCTS AS BIOMARKERS FOR ASSESSING EXPOSURE TO POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN TISSUES FROM XUAN WEI WOMEN WITH HIGH EXPOSURE TO COAL COMBUSTION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The high lung cancer raze in Xuan Wei, China, is associated with smoky coal use in unvented homes. moky coal combustion emits higher levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) than wood combustion. his study used DNA adducts as a biomarker for human exposure to PAH from com...

  7. Xiao-Qing-Long-Tang shows preventive effect of asthma in an allergic asthma mouse model through neurotrophin regulation

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background This study investigates the effect of Xiao-Qing-Long-Tang (XQLT) on neurotrophin in an established mouse model of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p)-induced acute allergic asthma and in a LA4 cell line model of lung adenoma. The effects of XQLT on the regulation of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) and immunoglobulin E were measured. Methods LA4 cells were stimulated with 100 ?g/ml Der p 24 h and the supernatant was collected for ELISA analysis. Der p-stimulated LA4 cells with either XQLT pre-treatment or XQLT co-treatment were used to evaluate the XQLT effect on neurotrophin. Balb/c mice were sensitized on days 0 and 7 with a base-tail injection of 50 ?g Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) that was emulsified in 50 ?l incomplete Freund’s adjuvant (IFA). On day 14, mice received an intra-tracheal challenge of 50 ?l Der p (2 mg/ml). XQLT (1g/Kg) was administered orally to mice either on days 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 as a preventive strategy or on day 15 as a therapeutic strategy. Results XQLT inhibited expression of those NGF, BDNF and thymus-and activation-regulated cytokine (TARC) in LA4 cells that were subjected to a Der p allergen. Both preventive and therapeutic treatments with XQLT in mice reduced AHR. Preventive treatment with XQLT markedly decreased NGF in broncho-alveolar lavage fluids (BALF) and BDNF in serum, whereas therapeutic treatment reduced only serum BDNF level. The reduced NGF levels corresponded to a decrease in AHR by XQLT treatment. Reduced BALF NGF and TARC and serum BDNF levels may have been responsible for decreased eosinophil infiltration into lung tissue. Immunohistochemistry showed that p75NTR and TrkA levels were reduced in the lungs of mice under both XQLT treatment protocols, and this reduction may have been correlated with the prevention of the asthmatic reaction by XQLT. Conclusion XQLT alleviated allergic inflammation including AHR, IgE elevation and eosinophil infiltration in Der p stimulated mice by regulating neurotrophin and reducing TARC. These results revealed the potential pharmacological targets on which the XQLT decotion exerts preventive and therapeutic effects in an allergic asthma mouse model. PMID:24010817

  8. Transcriptional profiling of Chinese medicinal formula Si-Wu-Tang on breast cancer cells reveals phytoestrogenic activity

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), comprising the combination of four herbs, Paeoniae, Angelicae, Chuanxiong and Rehmanniae, is one of the most popular traditional oriental medicines for women’s diseases. In our previous study, the microarray gene expression profiles of SWT on breast cancer cell line MCF-7 were found similar to the effect of ?-estradiol (E2) on MCF-7 cells in the Connectivity Map database. Methods Further data analysis was conducted to find the main similarities and differences between the effects of SWT and E2 on MCF-7 gene expression. The cell proliferation assay on MCF-7 (ER-positive) and MDA-MB-231 (ER-negative) cells were used to examine such estrogenic activity. The estrogenic potency of SWT was further confirmed by estrogen-responsive element (ERE) luciferase reporter assay in MCF-7 cells. Results Many estrogen regulated genes strongly up-regulated by E2 were similarly up-regulated by SWT, e.g., GREB1, PGR and EGR3. Of interest with regard to safety of SWT, the oncogenes MYBL1 and RET were strongly induced by E2 but not by SWT. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed a highly concordant expression change in selected genes with data obtained by microarrays. Further supporting SWT’s estrogenic activity, in MCF-7 but not in MDA-MB-231 cells, SWT stimulated cell growth at lower concentrations (< 3.0?mg/ml), while at high concentrations, it inhibits the growth of both cell lines. The growth inhibitory potency of SWT was significantly higher in MDA-MB-231 than in MCF-7 cells. The SWT-induced cell growth of MCF-7 could be blocked by addition of the estrogen receptor antagonist tamoxifen. In addition, SWT was able to activate the ERE activity at lower concentrations. The herbal components Angelicae, Chuanxiong and Rehmanniae at lower concentrations (< 3.0?mg/ml) also showed growth-inducing and ERE-activating activity in MCF-7 cells. Conclusions These results revealed a new mechanism to support the clinical use of SWT for estrogen related diseases and possibly for cancer prevention. This study also demonstrated the feasibility of using microarray transcriptional profiling to discover phytoestrogenic components that are present in natural products. PMID:23305139

  9. Traditional Chinese medicinal formula Si-Wu-Tang prevents oxidative damage by activating Nrf2-mediated detoxifying/antioxidant genes

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Induction of Nrf2-mediated detoxifying/antioxidant genes has been recognized as an effective strategy for cancer chemoprevention. Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), comprising the combination of four herbs, Paeoniae, Angelicae, Chuanxiong and Rehmanniae, is one of the most popular traditional oriental medicines for women’s diseases. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of SWT on Nrf2 pathway in vitro and in vivo and to identify the active component(s). Results Cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed in the non-cancerous breast epithelial cell line MCF-10A after H2O2 treatment in the presence or absence of SWT using the Sulphorhodamine B assay, Annexin-V/Propidium iodide staining and flow cytometry. SWT strongly reduced H2O2 -induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in MCF-10A cells. Expression of Nrf2 and Nrf2-regulated genes HMOX1 (heme oxygenase 1) and SLC7A11 (xCT) was evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR, Western Blot and immunocytochemistry. SWT strongly induced Nrf2-regulated genes at mRNA and protein levels and increased the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 in MCF-10A cells. The in vivo pharmacodynamic effect of SWT was evaluated in healthy female Sprague–Dawley rats. Short-term oral administration of SWT (1,000 mg/kg per day for six consecutive days) to rats resulted in an increased expression of Nrf2-regulated genes Hmox1 and Slc7A11 in the liver detected by quantitative RT-PCR. Among nine compounds that have been identified previously in the SWT products, z-liguistilide was discovered as the main component responsible for the effect of Nrf2 activation using the antioxidant response element-luciferase reporter gene assay. Z-liguistilide was confirmed with a high potency to induce Nrf2-regulated genes and Nrf2 nuclear translocation. Conclusions Our results demonstrated that SWT and its component z-liguistilide are able to activate the Nrf2 pathway in non-cancerous cells and organs in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that SWT might be an orally effective and nontoxic agent for cancer chemoprevention. PMID:24507416

  10. Protective effect of Sam-Hwang-Sa-Sim-Tang against hepatic steatosis in mice fed a high-cholesterol diet

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Sam-Hwang-Sa-Sim-Tang (SHSST) is a traditional Oriental medication that has been commonly used in Korea for the treatment of hypertension, insomnia, and chest pain. In addition, some studies reported that administration of SHSST results suppression of hyperlipidemia in rats or lowering lipid plasma level such as total cholesterol (TC). Those results made us find and demonstrate positive effect of SHSST much more. The aim of the current study was to examine whether SHSST exerts an effect against hepatic steatosis and two type of SHSST has different efficacy on liver steatosis. Methods Total 40 mice were divided randomly and equally into 4 groups: a normal diet (CON) group, high-cholesterol diet (HC) group, and treatment groups fed a high-cholesterol diet (HCD) with a 30% or 80% ethanol extract of SHSST (SHSST-L and SHSST-H, respectively). The HCD was given for 9 weeks. The SHSST-treated groups were orally administered SHSST at a dose of 150 mg/kg, whereas the other groups received physiological saline. Results SHSST administration to mice resulted in a decline in serum levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein. Histological examination showed that lipid droplets were smaller in the SHSST-treated group than in the HC group. At the protein level, expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 (SREBP-2) was suppressed by SHSST. In addition, the mRNA expression of cholesterol metabolism-related molecules such as SREBP-2, liver X receptor (LXR), low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), and 3-hydroxy-3methylglutary-CoA (HMG-CoA) was also suppressed in SHSST-treated groups in the liver. In the aorta tissue, SHSST decreased the expression of tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?), interleukin-6 (IL-6), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1), transforming growth factor (TGF)-?1, and fibronectin. Conclusions The present study indicates that SHSST protects against liver steatosis and protects vessels against inflammation arising from excessive ingestion of cholesterol. These findings may also suggest that SHSST could be used as an adjuvant remedy for protection against liver steatosis. PMID:24364887

  11. Interfaces of ZnO Nanowires Grown on Semiconducting Surfaces Joysurya Basu, R. Divakar, Julia Deneen, Xinyu Wang,* Heiko O. Jacobs,* C. Barry

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Heiko O.

    Deneen, Xinyu Wang,* Heiko O. Jacobs,* C. Barry Carter Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials. Chem. Int. Ed., 42 (2003) 3031. [3] X. Wang and H. Jacobs, unpublished research, 2006 [4] This research

  12. Y. Wang, K.L. Wang, J. T. Yao, Marketing mixes for digital products: a study of the marketspaces in China, International Journal of Technology Marketing, 4(1):15-42, 2009.

    E-print Network

    Yao, JingTao

    -to-peer technology, a new vista is available for the on-line distribution of digital products. A new web-marketing popularity of CD burning and illegal song swapping has caused on-line music sales to tumble, total salesY. Wang, K.L. Wang, J. T. Yao, Marketing mixes for digital products: a study of the marketspaces

  13. This document is a pre-print of the final paper: D. Wu, F. Tang, J. M. Guerrero, J. C. Vasquez, G. Chen, L. Sun, "Autonomous active and reactive power distribution strategy in

    E-print Network

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    . Chen, L. Sun, "Autonomous active and reactive power distribution strategy in islanded microgrids," IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, IEEE APEC 2014. 1 Autonomous Active and Reactive Power Distribution Strategy in Islanded Microgrids Dan Wu1 , Fen Tang2 , Josep M. Guerrero1 , Juan C

  14. DNA Poised for Release in Bacteriophage 29 Jinghua Tang,1 Norman Olson,1 Paul J. Jardine,2 Shelley Grimes,2 Dwight L. Anderson,2,3,* and Timothy S. Baker1,4,*

    E-print Network

    Baker, Timothy S.

    Structure Article DNA Poised for Release in Bacteriophage ř29 Jinghua Tang,1 Norman Olson,1 Paul J, the mature bacteriophage f29, at subnanometer resolu- tion. This structure reveals the rich detail into the bacterial host. INTRODUCTION Double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) bacteriophages are remarkably efficient genome

  15. Multiple Bytes Differential Fault Analysis on CLEFIA Xin-jie ZHAO, Tao WANG, Jing-zhe GAO

    E-print Network

    Multiple Bytes Differential Fault Analysis on CLEFIA Xin-jie ZHAO, Tao WANG, Jing-zhe GAO of the world have made many security analyses on it. In the previous DFA attacks on CLEFIA, Chen et al.[14 to #12;2 Xin-jie ZHAO, Tao WANG, Jing-zhe GAO recover 4 bytes of the rth round key, after attacking

  16. Misfit dislocations in multimetallic core-shelled nanoparticles Yong Ding, Xiaolian Sun, Zhong Lin Wang, and Shouheng Sun

    E-print Network

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Misfit dislocations in multimetallic core-shelled nanoparticles Yong Ding, Xiaolian Sun, Zhong Lin Wang, and Shouheng Sun Citation: Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111603 (2012); doi: 10.1063/1.3695332 View-shelled nanoparticles Yong Ding,1 Xiaolian Sun,2 Zhong Lin Wang,1,a) and Shouheng Sun2,a) 1 School of Materials Science

  17. Wang Feng (2006). Comparison of languages in contact: The distillation method and the case of Bai. Language and linguistics monograph series B, Frontiers in linguistics III.

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2006-01-01

    Wang Feng (2006). Comparison of languages in contact: The distillation method and the case of Bai; Zhengzhang 2003). Wang Feng's Comparison of languages in contact: The distillation method and the case of Bai 2001). In Comparison of languages in contact: The distillation method and the case of Bai, Wang

  18. Aperiodic compression and reconstruction of real-world material systems based on Wang tiles.

    PubMed

    Došká?, Martin; Novák, Jan; Zeman, Jan

    2014-12-01

    The paper presents a concept to compress and synthesize complex material morphologies that is based on Wang tilings. Specifically, a microstructure is stored in a set of Wang tiles and its reconstruction is performed by means of a stochastic tiling algorithm. A substantial part of the study is devoted to the setup of optimal parameters of the automatic tile design by means of parametric studies with statistical descriptors at heart. The performance of the method is demonstrated on four two-dimensional two-phase target systems, monodisperse media with hard and soft disks, sandstone, and high porosity metallic foam. PMID:25615055

  19. Aperiodic compression and reconstruction of real-world material systems based on Wang tiles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Došká?, Martin; Novák, Jan; Zeman, Jan

    2014-12-01

    The paper presents a concept to compress and synthesize complex material morphologies that is based on Wang tilings. Specifically, a microstructure is stored in a set of Wang tiles and its reconstruction is performed by means of a stochastic tiling algorithm. A substantial part of the study is devoted to the setup of optimal parameters of the automatic tile design by means of parametric studies with statistical descriptors at heart. The performance of the method is demonstrated on four two-dimensional two-phase target systems, monodisperse media with hard and soft disks, sandstone, and high porosity metallic foam.

  20. A hole accelerator for InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes Zi-Hui Zhang, Wei Liu, Swee Tiam Tan, Yun Ji, Liancheng Wang, Binbin Zhu, Yiping Zhang, Shunpeng Lu,

    E-print Network

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    and reduced efficiency droop for the proposed InGaN/GaN LED. VC 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4898588] As a promising lighting source, high-efficiency GaN- based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have attracted extensive interest so far.1,2 However, the development of the GaN- based LEDs is still substantially hindered

  1. March 17 - 19, 2004: Proteomics: Finding the Needle in the Haystack, Xuena Wang, Kith Pradhan, Chen Ji, Xiangfeng Wu, Yeming Ma, Wei Zhu, Piyush Kumar, Valentin Polishchuk, Olaf Hall-Holt, Joseph Mitchell, Estie, Arkin, James Glimm, John Kovach

    Cancer.gov

    Cosine Dimension Reduction Cosine Dimension Reduction 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 1 00 2 00 3 00 4 00 5 00 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 x 10 4 0 1 00 2 00 3 00 4 00 Original (368750) Reduced (32768) VII. VII.

  2. Analysis of Subsidence and Ground Fissuring in the FenWei Basin (Northern China) using Radar Interferometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Myers, J. R.; Gomez, F. G.

    2010-12-01

    Ground subsidence and fissuring in sedimentary basins are natural processes that can be augmented by man-made activity. Spatial imaging of surface deformation using Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) is useful for monitoring the magnitudes and extents of such deformations, particularly in developed areas at risk. This study applies InSAR to assess subsidence around Xi’an, China, a city where significant ground fissuring presents a significant geohazard to its 8 million inhabitants. From previous reports, modern ground fissures in Xi’an initiated in the late 1950s, when the modern city began to develop. Hence, fissuring seems to have a strong anthropic influence. Xi’an currently has a total of 14 large, exposed ground fissures, with numerous subsurface fissures. Xi’an is located in the Fenwei Basin (Wei He Graben) bounded by the Qingling Mountains to the south and the Ordoss (Loess) Plateau to the north. The basin fill lithology consists of loess, Tertiary, and Quaternary fluvial sediments. The Lintong-Cahng’an Fault is the main basin-bound fault of Wei He graben, the sub-parallel relationship between the fissures and the graben-bounding faults suggests a tectonic influence. However, severe groundwater extraction is common throughout the area, causing an increase in the ground fissuring and subsidence. For this study a total of 28 interferograms were created spanning from January 1st 2007 to June 19th 2008 using L-band radar data from ALOS PALSAR. A map of average deformation shows the overall ground subsidence pattern. A sparse time-series was also constructed to assess temporal variability of deformation. Depth of fissuring inferred from modeling suggests a maximum of about 300 meters. Although most groundwater abstraction has ceased within the city, continued subsidence reflects the time-dependent nature of sediment consolidation. The infrastructure within Xi’an is heavily dependent on the understanding of these ground fissures and subsidence.

  3. Morphological comparison of Lophotaspis from freshwater mollusks and turtles in Japan and China, with the correction of original description of Lophotaspis orientalis Faust and Tang, 1936 (Aspidogastrea: Aspidogasteridae).

    PubMed

    Urabe, Misako

    2009-09-01

    The morphology of a type specimen of Lophotaspis orientalis Faust and Tang, 1936 (Aspidogastrea: Aspidogasteridae) was compared with the morphology of the original description of L. corbiculae Moriya, 1944 and of newly collected specimens from Corbicula species in China and Japan. The original description of L. orientalis was revised by the re-examination of the type specimen. Consequently, some key characteristics of these two species described by Moriya (1944) became invalid. The gonad size of the L. orientalis type specimen was out of the range of all other investigated specimens and past records, suggesting that the L. orientalis type specimen (host: soft-shell turtle) is a different species from the other investigated specimens (host: freshwater clam). PMID:19379834

  4. A systems biology-based investigation into the therapeutic effects of Gansui Banxia Tang on reversing the imbalanced network of hepatocellular carcinoma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yanqiong; Guo, Xiaodong; Wang, Danhua; Li, Ruisheng; Li, Xiaojuan; Xu, Ying; Liu, Zhenli; Song, Zhiqian; Lin, Ya; Li, Zhiyan; Lin, Na

    2014-02-01

    Several complex molecular events are involved in tumorigenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The interactions of these molecules may constitute the HCC imbalanced network. Gansui Banxia Tang (GSBXT), as a classic Chinese herbal formula, is a popular complementary and alternative medicine modality for treating HCC. In order to investigate the therapeutic effects and the pharmacological mechanisms of GSBXT on reversing HCC imbalanced network, we in the current study developed a comprehensive systems approach of integrating disease-specific and drug-specific networks, and successfully revealed the relationships of the ingredients in GSBXT with their putative targets, and with HCC significant molecules and HCC related pathway systems for the first time. Meanwhile, further experimental validation also demonstrated the preventive effects of GSBXT on tumor growth in mice and its regulatory effects on potential targets.

  5. Ultrasound-assisted extraction methodology as a tool to improve the antioxidant properties of herbal drug Xiao-chia-hu-tang.

    PubMed

    Liu, Chu-Ting; Wu, Ching-Yi; Weng, Yih-Ming; Tseng, Chin-Yin

    2005-06-01

    Xiao-chai-hu-tang (XCHT) is an important Chinese herbal prescription for curing many types of liver diseases. The contents of bioactive constituents (saikosaponins a, c and d, baicalin, baicalein, and glycyrrhizic acid), and antioxidant properties of XCHT extracts prepared with ultrasound-assisted (US) extraction in combination with ethanol (up to 95%) as extraction modifier were studied. The results showed that the US extraction significantly increased the bioactive constituents concentrations and antioxidant properties of XCHT extracts when compared with the XCHT prepared with traditional boiling-water extraction. Among the XCHT extracts made with US extraction, the sample prepared with 95% ethanol showed the highest bioactive constituent concentrations and the best antioxidant functionalities. The results suggest that US extraction of XCHT is feasible to replace the traditional time-consuming and low efficiency preparation procedure in the future modernized and commercialized manufacture of this highly valuable Chinese herbal medicine. PMID:15894141

  6. A systems biology-based investigation into the therapeutic effects of Gansui Banxia Tang on reversing the imbalanced network of hepatocellular carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    ZHANG, Yanqiong; GUO, Xiaodong; WANG, Danhua; LI, Ruisheng; LI, Xiaojuan; XU, Ying; LIU, Zhenli; SONG, Zhiqian; LIN, Ya; LI, Zhiyan; LIN, Na

    2014-01-01

    Several complex molecular events are involved in tumorigenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The interactions of these molecules may constitute the HCC imbalanced network. Gansui Banxia Tang (GSBXT), as a classic Chinese herbal formula, is a popular complementary and alternative medicine modality for treating HCC. In order to investigate the therapeutic effects and the pharmacological mechanisms of GSBXT on reversing HCC imbalanced network, we in the current study developed a comprehensive systems approach of integrating disease-specific and drug-specific networks, and successfully revealed the relationships of the ingredients in GSBXT with their putative targets, and with HCC significant molecules and HCC related pathway systems for the first time. Meanwhile, further experimental validation also demonstrated the preventive effects of GSBXT on tumor growth in mice and its regulatory effects on potential targets. PMID:24561634

  7. The construction of the spatio-temporal database of the ancient Silk Road within Xinjiang province during the Han and Tang dynasties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bi, Jiantao; Luo, Guilin; Wang, Xingxing; Zhu, Zuojia

    2014-03-01

    As the bridge over the Chinese and Western civilization, the ancient Silk Road has made a huge contribution to cultural, economic, political exchanges between China and western countries. In this paper, we treated the historical period of Western Han Dynasty, Eastern Han Dynasty and Tang Dynasty as the research time domain, and the Western Regions' countries that were existed along the Silk Road at the mean time as the research spatial domain. Then we imported these data into the SQL Server database we constructed, from which we could either query the attribute information such as population, military force, the era of the Central Plains empire, the significant events taking place in the country and some related attribute information of these events like the happened calendar year in addition to some related spatial information such as the present location, the coordinates of the capital and the territory by inputting the name of the Western countries. At the same time we could query the significant events, government institution in Central Plains and the existent Western countries at the mean time by inputting the calendar year. Based on the database, associated with GIS, RS, Flex, C# and other related information technology and network technology, we could not only browsing, searching and editing the information of the ancient Silk Road in Xinjiang Province during the Han and Tang Dynasties, but preliminary analysing as well. This is the combination of archaeology and modern information technology, and the database could also be a reference to further study, research and practice in the related fields in the future.

  8. Genotoxicity evaluation of Guibi-Tang extract using an in vitro bacterial reverse mutation assay, chromosome aberration assay, and in vivo micronucleus test

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Guibi-Tang is a traditional herbal prescription made from 12 different herbs that is used in the treatment of amnesia and poor memory. Methods In the present study, we evaluated the acute oral toxicity and genotoxic potential of Guibi-Tang water extract (GBT) at doses up to 2000 ?g/plate an using a bacterial reverse mutation test (Ames test) with Salmonella typhimurium strains TA100, TA1535, TA98, and TA1537, and Escherichia coli strain WP2uvrA. Acute toxicity and genotoxic potential were measured in the presence and absence of an exogenous source of metabolic activation, in an in vitro chromosome aberration assay with Chinese hamster lung (CHL) cells, and in an in vivo micronucleus test using ICR mice bone marrow as recommended by the Korean Food and Drug Administration. An acute oral toxicity test of GBT was performed in Sprague Dawley rats. The Ames test showed that GBT did not induce gene mutations in S. typhimurium or in E. coli in the presence or absence of S9 activation. Results GBT did not significantly increase the number of structural aberrations in CHL cells with or without S9 activation. The oral administration of GBT at a dose of up to 2000 mg/kg caused no significant increase in the number of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes or in the mean ratio of polychromatic to total erythrocytes. Conclusions However, as we did not identify the components of GBT responsible for these effects, other assays are needed to confirm its genotoxicity. PMID:24985139

  9. WANG VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org

    E-print Network

    Wang, Zhong L.

    of handheld cell phones is a typical example of portable/mobile electro- nics. The next few decadesWANG VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000­000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org A C XXXX American Chemical Society. Published online 10.1021/nn404614z ABSTRACT Triboelectrification is an effect that is known to each

  10. MUSIC TRANSCRIPTION USING AN INSTRUMENT MODEL Jun Yin, Terence Sim, Ye Wang, Arun Shenoy

    E-print Network

    Wang, Ye

    world musical audio signals and CD recordings. Tolonen and Karjalainen [13] have developed a multiple-F0MUSIC TRANSCRIPTION USING AN INSTRUMENT MODEL Jun Yin, Terence Sim, Ye Wang, Arun Shenoy National}@comp.nus.edu.sg ABSTRACT We introduce a method to transcribe music with the help of an instrument model. One of the most

  11. Long-lived interchain contacts in polymer melts Grzegorz Szamel and Tian Wang

    E-print Network

    Szamel, Grzegorz

    Long-lived interchain contacts in polymer melts Grzegorz Szamel and Tian Wang Department September 1997 We will study time dependence of interchain contacts in entangled and unentangled polymer melts. We find that ``clusters'' of contacts in entangled melts persist in time up to at least 0

  12. Data Partitioning for Reconfigurable Architectures with Distributed Block RAM Wenrui Gong Gang Wang Ryan Kastner

    E-print Network

    Sherwood, Tim

    Data Partitioning for Reconfigurable Architectures with Distributed Block RAM Wenrui Gong Gang Wang cores and 1,738 kilobytes of distributed, embedded block RAM. Reconfigurable devices currently lack {gong, wanggang, kastner}@ece.ucsb.edu Abstract Modern, high performance reconfigurable architectures

  13. Second Order Parametric Processes in Nonlinear Silica Microspheres Yong Xu, Ming Han, and Anbo Wang

    E-print Network

    Heflin, Randy

    Second Order Parametric Processes in Nonlinear Silica Microspheres Yong Xu, Ming Han, and Anbo Wang; published 25 April 2008) We analyze second order parametric processes in a silica microsphere coated with radially aligned nonlinear optical molecules. In a high-Q nonlinear microsphere, we discover

  14. Towards an Effective XML Keyword Search Zhifeng Bao, Jiaheng Lu, Tok Wang Ling and Bo Chen

    E-print Network

    Ling, Tok Wang

    identification and relevance oriented ranking for search results. Then based on these guidelines, we design novel the relevance based ranking problem w.r.t. the search intention. Regarding to Issue 1 and Issue 2, XML keyword1 Towards an Effective XML Keyword Search Zhifeng Bao, Jiaheng Lu, Tok Wang Ling and Bo Chen

  15. Optimizing Walking Controllers Jack M. Wang David J. Fleet Aaron Hertzmann

    E-print Network

    Toronto, University of

    these terms produce a number of important fea- tures of natural walking, including active toe-off, near-passive on the hip to generate forward momentum, while normal human walking relies heavily on the ankle, with a near-passiveOptimizing Walking Controllers Jack M. Wang David J. Fleet Aaron Hertzmann University of Toronto

  16. Optimal control of robot behaviour using language Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo Fu

    E-print Network

    Ray, Asok

    Optimal control of robot behaviour using language measure1 Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo presents optimal control of robot behaviour in the discrete event setting. Real signed measure of the language of supervised robot behaviour serves as the performance index for synthesis of the optimal policy

  17. Performance Study of Congestion Price based Adaptive Service Xin Wang, Henning Schulzrinne

    E-print Network

    Wang, Xin

    Performance Study of Congestion Price based Adaptive Service Xin Wang, Henning Schulzrinne Dept to compare the performance of a network supporting congestion-sensitive pricing and adaptive reservation, revenue, and user-perceived benefit, relative to the fixed-price policy. The congestion-based pricing

  18. An efficient framework for image/video inpainting Miaohui Wang a,n

    E-print Network

    Nigan, King Ngi

    An efficient framework for image/video inpainting Miaohui Wang a,n , Bo Yan b , King Ngi Ngan Keywords: Image inpainting Image interpolation Image restoration PDE Diffusion function a b s t r a c t Image inpainting has been widely applied to many applications, such as restoring corrupted old photos

  19. Learning Fine-grained Image Similarity with Deep Ranking Jiang Wang1

    E-print Network

    Cortes, Corinna

    Learning Fine-grained Image Similarity with Deep Ranking Jiang Wang1 Yang Song2 Thomas Leung2 Chuck California Institute of Technology jwa368,yingwu@eecs.northwestern.edu yangsong,leungt,chuck. 1. Introduction Search-by-example, i.e. finding images that are similar to a query image

  20. Profile-Guided File Partitioning on Beowulf Clusters Yijian Wang and David Kaeli

    E-print Network

    Kaeli, David R.

    Profile-Guided File Partitioning on Beowulf Clusters Yijian Wang and David Kaeli Department/O subsystems. Experimental results show that application execution time can be reduced by 27.8%-87.0% using our profile-guided approach. keywords: I/O partitioning, profiling and MPI-IO. 1 Introduction On Beowulf

  1. Meshless Deformable Models for LV Motion Analysis Xiaoxu Wang Dimitis Metaxas

    E-print Network

    Meshless Deformable Models for LV Motion Analysis Xiaoxu Wang Dimitis Metaxas Rutgers University meshless deformable model for in vivo cardiac left ventricle (LV) 3D motion estimation. As a relatively new and redistribute the force to meshless parti- cles throughout the myocardium. Internal constraint forces

  2. Target Essentiality and Centrality Characterize Drug Side Xiujuan Wang1,2.

    E-print Network

    Yu, Haiyuan

    Target Essentiality and Centrality Characterize Drug Side Effects Xiujuan Wang1,2. , Bram Thijssen3. , Haiyuan Yu1,2 * 1 Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Maastricht, The Netherlands Abstract To investigate factors contributing to drug side effects, we

  3. ROUGH THIN PAVEMENT THICKNESS ESTIMATION BY GPR N. Pinel, L. Liu, C. Bourlier, Y. Wang

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ROUGH THIN PAVEMENT THICKNESS ESTIMATION BY GPR N. Pinel, L. Liu, C. Bourlier, Y. Wang IREENA radar (GPR) is a useful means of me- dia sounding, which is widely used at centimeter-scale wave domain of this approximation, and its influence on the electromagnetic backscattering and on the GPR

  4. Spectrum Occupancy Analysis for Cognitive Radio Zhe Wang and Sana Salous

    E-print Network

    Haddadi, Hamed

    Spectrum Occupancy Analysis for Cognitive Radio Zhe Wang and Sana Salous School of Engineering Durham University Abstract: Observations provide evidence that the licensed spectrum is by far not fully and then alter its frequency, modulation and other parameters so as to dynamically reuse the available spectrum

  5. 3D Image Interpolation Based on Directional Coherence Yongmei Wang Zhunping Zhang

    E-print Network

    Duncan, James S.

    3D Image Interpolation Based on Directional Coherence Yongmei Wang Zhunping Zhang Baining Guo Dept participated in this work when he was working as an intern at Microsoft Research Asia. Abstract Image when compared with traditional image interpolation methods. The basis of DCI is a form of directional

  6. Code Generation for Receding Horizon Control Jacob Mattingley Yang Wang Stephen Boyd

    E-print Network

    -- Receding horizon control (RHC), also known as model predictive control (MPC), is a general purpose control predictive con- trol (MPC) [1], [2], [3], [4] is a form of feedback control system that first became popularCode Generation for Receding Horizon Control Jacob Mattingley Yang Wang Stephen Boyd Abstract

  7. Single Molecule Measurements of Repressor Protein 1D Diffusion on DNA Y. M. Wang,1

    E-print Network

    Voigt, Chris

    Single Molecule Measurements of Repressor Protein 1D Diffusion on DNA Y. M. Wang,1 Robert H. Austin 10 October 2005; published 27 July 2006) We used single-molecule imaging techniques and measured [10­14]. We used a single-molecule method approach to study LacI-DNA binding, and ob- served

  8. Bringing Games into the Classroom in Teaching Quality Control G. Gary Wang, Assistant Professor

    E-print Network

    Wang, Gaofeng Gary

    . The game method, as a general approach, might be further studied and developed for engineering education1 Bringing Games into the Classroom in Teaching Quality Control G. Gary Wang, Assistant Professor in engineering education to turn the focus of education from instruction to learning. In teaching the course

  9. Cryptanalysis of auditing protocol proposed by Wang et al. for data storage security in Cloud Computing

    E-print Network

    that the protocol can not provide secure data storage for users. Key words: Cloud Computing, public auditing, secure it brings, Cloud Computing has introduced some new security threats and challenges. If we could not solveCryptanalysis of auditing protocol proposed by Wang et al. for data storage security in Cloud

  10. Open-Framework and Microporous Vanadium Silicates Xiqu Wang, Lumei Liu, and Allan J. Jacobson*

    E-print Network

    Wang, Xiqu

    Open-Framework and Microporous Vanadium Silicates Xiqu Wang, Lumei Liu, and Allan J. Jacobson 8, 2002 Abstract: A series of novel vanadium silicates with open-framework and microporous on vanadium metal silicates because they are expected to show better thermal and hydro- thermal stability than

  11. The Solar Wind in the Outer Heliosphere at Solar John D. Richardson and Chi Wang

    E-print Network

    Richardson, John

    The Solar Wind in the Outer Heliosphere at Solar Maximum John D. Richardson and Chi Wang Center solar wind observations in the outer heliosphere, concentrating on the recent data near solar maximum-absence of a latitudinal speed gradient at solar maximum allows us to measure the speed decrease of the solar wind and nd

  12. Live Gang Migration of Virtual Machines Umesh Deshpande, Xiaoshuang Wang, and, Kartik Gopalan

    E-print Network

    Gopalan, Kartik

    Live Gang Migration of Virtual Machines Umesh Deshpande, Xiaoshuang Wang, and, Kartik Gopalan VMs as live gang migration. Cluster administrators may often need to perform live gang migration that our prototype for live gang mi- gration can achieve significant reductions in both network traffic

  13. Tibetan Plateau warming and precipitation changes in East Asia Bin Wang,1,2

    E-print Network

    Wang, Bin

    troposphere around the globe. The TP warming will not only melt glaciers that feed the rivers but alsoTibetan Plateau warming and precipitation changes in East Asia Bin Wang,1,2 Qing Bao,3 Brian of precipitation variations in East Asia (EA). Numerical experiments with atmospheric general circulation models

  14. Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1

    E-print Network

    Duputel, Zacharie

    Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1 Nathan C. Becker,1 David generated a tsunami that was recorded at sea-level stations as far as 4800 km from the epi- center, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Maldives issued tsunami warnings for their coastlines. The United States

  15. WANG ET AL. VOL. 5 ' NO. 2 ' 11471153 ' 2011 1147 www.acsnano.org

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Chongwu

    , Los Angeles, California 90089, United States S ingle-walled carbon nanotubes offer extraordinary-Oxide Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Using Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Chuan Wang, Koungmin Ryu, Alexander Badmaev have been reported in the literature, such as vacuum annealing, potassium doping, chemical doping

  16. Modelling Glass Parisons R.M.M. Mattheij, K. Wang & H.G. ter Morsche

    E-print Network

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    Modelling Glass Parisons R.M.M. Mattheij, K. Wang & H.G. ter Morsche EMail: mattheij@win.tue.nl Abstract In order to design better glass products, numerical modelling is essential. In this paper we focus, more specifically, on pressing forms, so called parison, appearing in the produc­ tion of packing glass

  17. Topological Charge Pumping in a One-Dimensional Optical Lattice Lei Wang,1,2

    E-print Network

    Wang, Wei Hua

    Topological Charge Pumping in a One-Dimensional Optical Lattice Lei Wang,1,2 Matthias Troyer,1 (Received 30 January 2013; published 9 July 2013) A topological charge pump transfers charge in a quantized fashion. The quantization is stable against the detailed form of the pumping protocols and external noises

  18. Planar field-induced quantum dot transistor Y. Wang and S. Y. Chou

    E-print Network

    Planar field-induced quantum dot transistor Y. Wang and S. Y. Chou Department of Electrical for publication 11 August 1993) We propose and demonstrate a new field-induced quantum dot transistor that has-dot transistors are of great importance to fundamental understanding of electron transport in nanostructures

  19. The Multi-Principal OS Construction of the Gazelle Web Browser Helen J. Wang

    E-print Network

    Hunt, Galen

    The Multi-Principal OS Construction of the Gazelle Web Browser Helen J. Wang , Chris Grier. In this paper, we introduce Gazelle, a secure web browser constructed as a multi-principal OS. Gazelle's browser-principal OS con- struction of a secure web browser, called Gazelle. Gazelle's browser kernel exclusively

  20. Learn from Web Search Logs to Organize Search Results Xuanhui Wang

    E-print Network

    Zhai, ChengXiang

    and Subject Descriptors: H.3.3 [Informa- tion Search and Retrieval]: Clustering, Search process General TermsLearn from Web Search Logs to Organize Search Results Xuanhui Wang Department of Computer Science Effective organization of search results is critical for improv- ing the utility of any search engine

  1. Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Paul

    Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F of Florida 3 Lab. of Neuro Imaging and Brain Research Institute, UCLA School of Medicine 4 Department@math.harvard.edu Abstract Brain surface conformal mapping research has been successful and this motivates our more general

  2. Wind climatology of Schiphol Andrew Stepek, Xueli Wang and Dirk Wolters

    E-print Network

    Haak, Hein

    Wind climatology of Schiphol Andrew Stepek, Xueli Wang and Dirk Wolters De Bilt, May 2012 #12;2 Contents Summary 2 Introduction 3 Data 3 Hourly wind measurements 3 Yearly averages of wind speed measurements 4 Quality and sources of error 6 Method 7 Trends in wind speed 7 Definition of cross and tail wind

  3. Enhancing magnetoelectric effect via the curvature of composite cylinder H. M. Wang,1

    E-print Network

    Pan, Ernie

    Enhancing magnetoelectric effect via the curvature of composite cylinder H. M. Wang,1 E. Pan,2,a the magnetoelectric ME effect in a bilayered piezoelectric/piezomagnetic cylinder under harmonic excitation. We of Physics. doi:10.1063/1.3415528 I. INTRODUCTION The magnetoelectric ME effect is characterized

  4. An optofluidic device for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy{ Miao Wang,a

    E-print Network

    Cote, Gerard L

    An optofluidic device for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy{ Miao Wang,a Nan Jing,a I-Hsien Chou device that improves the sensitivity of surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) when compared to other been studied for decades as a means to enhance the Raman cross section of a molecule, and thus has

  5. DNA Packaging in Bacteriophage: Is Twist Important? Andrew James Spakowitz and Zhen-Gang Wang

    E-print Network

    Straight, Aaron

    DNA Packaging in Bacteriophage: Is Twist Important? Andrew James Spakowitz and Zhen-Gang Wang 91125 ABSTRACT We study the packaging of DNA into a bacteriophage capsid using computer simulation ejection of the polymer chain in the absence of external forces. INTRODUCTION The ability of bacteriophage

  6. Expanding Training Set for Chinese Sign Language Recognition Chunli Wang1,2

    E-print Network

    Chen, Xilin

    Expanding Training Set for Chinese Sign Language Recognition Chunli Wang1,2 Xilin Chen2 Wen Gao2 1@jdl.ac.cn Abstract In Sign Language recognition, one of the problems is to collect enough training data. Almost all of the statistical methods used in Sign Language Recognition suffer from this problem. Inspired by the crossover

  7. Robust Solvers for Square Jigsaw Puzzles Debajyoti Mondal, Yang Wang and Stephane Durocher

    E-print Network

    Durocher, Stephane

    Robust Solvers for Square Jigsaw Puzzles Debajyoti Mondal, Yang Wang and Stephane Durocher,ywang,durocher}@cs.umanitoba.ca Abstract--A jigsaw puzzle solver reconstructs the original image from a given collection of non for solving square jigsaw puzzles (with no prior knowledge of the initial image) that improves the accuracy

  8. NEURAL NETWORKS FOR SUPERVISED PITCH TRACKING IN NOISE Kun Han and DeLiang Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, DeLiang "Leon"

    deep neural network (DNN), which is trained on static frame-level features. The second one. Further, a recurrent neural network (RNN) is suited for modeling nonlinear dynamics. Recent studies haveNEURAL NETWORKS FOR SUPERVISED PITCH TRACKING IN NOISE Kun Han and DeLiang Wang Department

  9. Demonstrating RINA using the GENI Testbed Yuefeng Wang Flavio Esposito Ibrahim Matta

    E-print Network

    Matta, Abraham "Ibrahim"

    Demonstrating RINA using the GENI Testbed Yuefeng Wang Flavio Esposito Ibrahim Matta Computer for future Internet architectures. The Global Environment for Net- work Innovations (GENI) is a wide (RINA), and in this paper we demonstrate its practicability by running a prototype on the GENI testbed

  10. Experimenting with Routing Policies using ProtoRINA over GENI Yuefeng Wang Ibrahim Matta Nabeel Akhtar

    E-print Network

    Matta, Abraham "Ibrahim"

    Experimenting with Routing Policies using ProtoRINA over GENI Yuefeng Wang Ibrahim Matta Nabeel and management policies over different communication scopes while using the same mechanisms. GENI (Global experimentation and possible deployment of future network architectures. In this paper, using ProtoRINA over GENI

  11. ISP Uplink Pricing in a Competitive Market Qian Wang Dah Ming Chiu

    E-print Network

    Lui, John C.S.

    ISP Uplink Pricing in a Competitive Market Qian Wang Dah Ming Chiu Department of Information manage their network resources. We explore the idea of uplink pricing as a way to provide differential pricing to P2P and regular users. In particular, we formulate a simple economic model to analyze under

  12. A MORE EFFICIENT APPROXIMATION SCHEME FOR TREE LUSHENG WANG, TAO JIANG, AND DAN GUSFIELD

    E-print Network

    Wang, Lusheng

    . For example, most methods for phylogeny reconstruction based on sequence data assume a given multiple sequence- FG03-90ER60999. 283 #12;284 LUSHENG WANG, TAO JIANG, AND DAN GUSFIELD in a phylogeny reconstruction experiment) which has created the molecular (DNA, RNA, or amino acid)

  13. Quantum teleportation in one-dimensional quantum dots system Hefeng Wang, Sabre Kais *

    E-print Network

    Kais, Sabre

    Quantum teleportation in one-dimensional quantum dots system Hefeng Wang, Sabre Kais * Department of quantum teleportation protocol based on one-dimensional quantum dots system. Three quantum dots with three electrons are used to perform teleportation, the unknown qubit is encoded using one electron spin on quantum

  14. Quantum Teleportation in Quantum Dots System Hefeng Wang and Sabre Kais

    E-print Network

    Kais, Sabre

    Quantum Teleportation in Quantum Dots System Hefeng Wang and Sabre Kais Department of Chemistry of quantum teleportation protocol based on one-dimensional quantum dots system. Three quantum dots with three electrons are used to perform teleportation, the unknown qubit is encoded using one electron spin on quantum

  15. Development of the Mars microbeam Raman spectrometer (MMRS) Alian Wang,1

    E-print Network

    Development of the Mars microbeam Raman spectrometer (MMRS) Alian Wang,1 Larry A. Haskin,1 Arthur L. Lane,2 Thomas J. Wdowiak,4 Steven W. Squyres,5 Robert J. Wilson,3 Larry E. Hovland,3 Ken S. Manatt,2 Nasrat Raouf,3 and Christopher D. Smith6 Received 6 March 2002; revised 18 June 2002; accepted 3 July

  16. Viewpoint invariant sign language recognition Qi Wang a,*, Xilin Chen b,*, Liang-Guo Zhang b

    E-print Network

    Chen, Xilin

    an efficient and accurate mechanism to translate sign language into text or speech. Sign language recognitionViewpoint invariant sign language recognition Qi Wang a,*, Xilin Chen b,*, Liang-Guo Zhang b by Mathias Kolsch Abstract Viewpoint invariance is a grand challenge for sign language recognition

  17. Dynamically optimized Wang-Landau sampling with adaptive trial moves and modification factors.

    PubMed

    Koh, Yang Wei; Lee, Hwee Kuan; Okabe, Yutaka

    2013-11-01

    The density of states of continuous models is known to span many orders of magnitudes at different energies due to the small volume of phase space near the ground state. Consequently, the traditional Wang-Landau sampling which uses the same trial move for all energies faces difficulties sampling the low-entropic states. We developed an adaptive variant of the Wang-Landau algorithm that very effectively samples the density of states of continuous models across the entire energy range. By extending the acceptance ratio method of Bouzida, Kumar, and Swendsen such that the step size of the trial move and acceptance rate are adapted in an energy-dependent fashion, the random walker efficiently adapts its sampling according to the local phase space structure. The Wang-Landau modification factor is also made energy dependent in accordance with the step size, enhancing the accumulation of the density of states. Numerical simulations show that our proposed method performs much better than the traditional Wang-Landau sampling. PMID:24329374

  18. Process Simulation in the Complex Domain Angelo Lucia, Xinzhou Guo, and Xiaofeng Wang

    E-print Network

    Lucia, Angelo

    Process Simulation in the Complex Domain Angelo Lucia, Xinzhou Guo, and Xiaofeng Wang Dept articles, Lucia et al. (1990) and Lucia and Xu (1992) have studied the behavior of several commonly used nonlinear equation-solvingmethods in aprocess simulation environment. For example, Lucia et al. (1990) show

  19. Top-Down Anticipatory Control in Prefrontal Cortex Hualou Liang & Hongbin Wang

    E-print Network

    Liang, Hualou

    Page 1 Top-Down Anticipatory Control in Prefrontal Cortex Hualou Liang & Hongbin Wang School-selection of specific sensory circuits to allow fast and efficient stimulus processing and a subsequently fast attention by exerting a facilitatory "top-down" bias on sensory pathways. In this paper we review recent

  20. Signature Path Dictionary for Nested Object Query Processing Dik Lun Lee Wang-chien Lee

    E-print Network

    Giles, C. Lee

    Signature Path Dictionary for Nested Object Query Processing Dik Lun Lee Wang-chien Lee Department are two critical issues for nested object query processing. Aiming at these two issues, we introduce a new to the simple attributes of the object's nested objects. 1.1 Nested Object Query Processing OODBSs support

  1. Automatic Eye Detection and Its Validation Peng Wang, Matthew B. Green, Qiang Ji James Wayman

    E-print Network

    image or 0.5 pixel if the inter- ocular distance is 50 pixels) eye location error reduces the faceAutomatic Eye Detection and Its Validation Peng Wang, Matthew B. Green, Qiang Ji James Wayman of a face recognition system. Since face alignment is usually conducted using eye positions, an accurate eye

  2. Unstable Flow during Redistribution in Homogeneous Soil Zhi Wang,* Atac Tuli, and William A. Jury

    E-print Network

    Wang, Zhi "Luke"

    Unstable Flow during Redistribution in Homogeneous Soil Zhi Wang,* Atac Tuli, and William A. Jury flow iswas stable and uniform in our system, so that the fingering we observed was not due to soil shown unstable flow induced after 28 d had elapsed. Fingers provide channels for rapid drainage by air

  3. Air entrapment effects on infiltration rate and flow instability Zhi Wang and Jan Feyen

    E-print Network

    Wang, Zhi "Luke"

    Air entrapment effects on infiltration rate and flow instability Zhi Wang and Jan Feyen Institute was confined ahead of the wetting front and hence could escape only through the soil surface (air confining locally because of air escaping from the soil surface. On the basis of an analysis of the results we

  4. Semiflexible Polymer Confined to a Spherical Surface Andrew J. Spakowitz and Zhen-Gang Wang

    E-print Network

    Straight, Aaron

    Semiflexible Polymer Confined to a Spherical Surface Andrew J. Spakowitz and Zhen-Gang Wang, persistence length lp, and sphere radius R.We predict two qualitatively different behaviors for a long polymerRevLett.91.166102 PACS numbers: 68.47.Pe, 05.20.­y, 36.20.Ey A polymer in a confined geometry

  5. ANNA WANG ROE Department of Psychology Office: (615) 343-0901

    E-print Network

    Palmeri, Thomas

    LM, Gore, JC, Avison MJ, Roe AW (2012) Magnetic resonance imaging in awake monkeys: methods of improving imaging quality. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 30(1):36-47. [PMID: 22055855] Chen G, Wang F, Gore, JC MJ, Gore JC, Roe AW, Chen LM (2011) Methods for fine scale functional imaging of tactile motion

  6. Electrostatic Regulation of Genome Packaging in Human Hepatitis B Virus Zhen-Gang Wang,

    E-print Network

    Wu, Jianzhong

    Electrostatic Regulation of Genome Packaging in Human Hepatitis B Virus Tao Jiang, Zhen-Gang Wang, California ABSTRACT Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a contagious human pathogen causing liver diseases-termini. INTRODUCTION Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a pararetrovirus responsible for up to 80% of all cases

  7. RFID-Based 3-D Positioning Schemes Chong Wang, Hongyi Wu, and Nian-Feng Tzeng

    E-print Network

    Wu, Hongyi

    RFID-Based 3-D Positioning Schemes Chong Wang, Hongyi Wu, and Nian-Feng Tzeng Abstract-- This research focuses on RFID-based 3-D position- ing schemes, aiming to locate an object in a 3-dimensional space, with reference to a predetermined arbitrary coordinates system, by using RFID tags and readers

  8. RFID Support for Accurate 3D Localization Jullawadee Maneesilp, Chong Wang, Hongyi Wu, Member, IEEE, and

    E-print Network

    Wu, Hongyi

    RFID Support for Accurate 3D Localization Jullawadee Maneesilp, Chong Wang, Hongyi Wu, Member, IEEE, and Nian-Feng Tzeng, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--This paper pursues RFID support for localization, aiming to pinpoint an object in 3D space. Given a set of RFID tags and/or readers deployed as reference points

  9. RseqFlow: Workflows for RNA-Seq data analysis Ying Wang1,4

    E-print Network

    Chen, Ting

    developed an RNA-Seq analysis workflow for single-ended Illumina reads, termed RseqFlow. This workflow inRseqFlow: Workflows for RNA-Seq data analysis Ying Wang1,4 , Gaurang Mehta2 , Rajiv Mayani2 With the recent technological breakthroughs in the study of the whole transcriptome (Marioni, et al., 2008

  10. Interference Modeling of Cognitive Radio Networks Xuemin Hong, Cheng-Xiang Wang, and John Thompson

    E-print Network

    Wang, Cheng-Xiang

    Interference Modeling of Cognitive Radio Networks Xuemin Hong, Cheng-Xiang Wang, and John Thompson the spectrum scarcity and low utilization motivates the concept of cognitive radio (secondary) networks [2]­[4]. With the ability for each terminal to sense and adapt to the radio environment, a cognitive radio network can

  11. Commentary: A Closer Look at Task Analysis--Reactions to Wang, Schnipke, and Witt

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaDuca, Tony

    2006-01-01

    In the Spring 2005 issue, Wang, Schnipke, and Witt provided an informative description of the task inventory approach that centered on four functions of job analysis. The discussion included persuasive arguments for making systematic connections between tasks and KSAs. But several other facets of the discussion were much less persuasive. This…

  12. Power Attack: An Increasing Threat to Data Centers Zhang Xu Haining Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Haining

    Power Attack: An Increasing Threat to Data Centers Zhang Xu Haining Wang Department of Computer of servers being deployed in data centers, the data center power distribution systems have already approached peak capacities. Since the upgrades of the power systems are extremely expensive, power

  13. Optimal Transmission Probabilities in VANETs with Inhomogeneous Node Distribution Ivan Wang-Hei Ho*

    E-print Network

    Leung, Kin K.

    Optimal Transmission Probabilities in VANETs with Inhomogeneous Node Distribution Ivan Wang-Hei Ho.polak}@imperial.ac.uk Abstract ­ In a Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET), the amount of interference from neighboring nodes to be inappropriate in VANETs. To capture the density dynamics in generic urban routes, we utilize a fluid model

  14. The Effects of Mentoring in Entrepreneurial Career Choice Chuck Eesley Yanbo Wang

    E-print Network

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    1 The Effects of Mentoring in Entrepreneurial Career Choice· Chuck Eesley Yanbo Wang cee on the likelihood that university students will become entrepreneurs. We test whether being mentored by an entrepreneur has a different impact in entrepreneurship education compared with mentoring from a non

  15. Modeling and Simulation of Transient Winds in Downbursts/Hurricanes Lijuan Wang, Ahsan Kareem

    E-print Network

    Kareem, Ahsan

    Modeling and Simulation of Transient Winds in Downbursts/Hurricanes Lijuan Wang, Ahsan Kareem Nat. With the help of time-frequency analysis tools, hurricane winds are characterized as a summation of time: Downburst; Hurricane; Non-stationary processes; Wavelet transform; Hilbert transform; In- stantaneous

  16. Detecting Capability Leaks in Android-based Smartphones Michael Grace, Yajin Zhou, Zhi Wang, Xuxian Jiang

    E-print Network

    Young, R. Michael

    Detecting Capability Leaks in Android-based Smartphones Michael Grace, Yajin Zhou, Zhi Wang, Xuxian of smartphones partially due to the functionalities and convenience of- fered to their users (e.g., the ability to run third-party applications). To manage the amount of access given to smartphone applications

  17. Flow shaping using three-dimensional microscale gas discharge Chin-Cheng Wang and Subrata Roya

    E-print Network

    Roy, Subrata

    Flow shaping using three-dimensional microscale gas discharge Chin-Cheng Wang and Subrata Roya compliant microscale gas discharge. A three-dimensional finite element-based multiscale ionized gas flow.1063/1.3216046 In recent literature, two-dimensional traditional macros- cale dielectric barrier discharge DBD has been

  18. Peer-to-Peer Botnets Ping Wang, Baber Aslam, Cliff C. Zou

    E-print Network

    Zou, Cliff C.

    ON PEER-TO-PEER NETWORKS 3 researchers and security professionals be well prepared and develop effective for security community to defend. Figure 1.1: Centralized Botnet Figure 1.2: P2P Botnet Researchers haveChapter 1 Peer-to-Peer Botnets Ping Wang, Baber Aslam, Cliff C. Zou School of Electrical

  19. An Analytic Comparison of RPS Video Repair Yubing Wang*a

    E-print Network

    Claypool, Mark

    An Analytic Comparison of RPS Video Repair Yubing Wang*a , Mark Claypoolb , and Robert Kinickib Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609, USA ABSTRACT Transmitting high-quality, real-time interactive video over lossy networks is challenging because network data loss can severely degrade video quality

  20. A NOVEL VIDEO MATCHING FRAMEWORK FOR COPY DETECTION Chih-Yi Chiu (), Hsin-Min Wang ()

    E-print Network

    Wang, Hsin-Min

    . The general frame- work of CBVR methods is based on the analysis and re- trieval of video shots [1]. ShotA NOVEL VIDEO MATCHING FRAMEWORK FOR COPY DETECTION Chih-Yi Chiu (), Hsin-Min Wang () Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica ABSTRACT The fixed-length sliding window approach is widely used in video