Note: This page contains sample records for the topic task force developed from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Antibacterial Drug Development Task Force  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... The CDER Antibacterial Drug Development Task Force has been created to support the development of new antibacterial drugs. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

2

Antibacterial Drug Development Task Force Members  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Antibacterial Drug Development Task Force Members. Name, Office/Division, Task Force Role, Title. Edward Cox, Office of ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

3

Dietary Supplements Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Dietary Supplements Task Force was charged with examining the issues regarding dietary supplements and developing a regulatory framework for these products. To facilitate the orderly development of regulatory strategies, the Task Force divided the uni...

1992-01-01

4

Psychosocial Aspects of Nuclear Developments. Task Force Report 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the report of a task force formed to bring psychological understanding to bear on the various aspects of the development of nuclear arms and nuclear energy and the threat they pose to human physical, mental, and emotional health. The first of seven articles considers the sociopsychological aspects of the nuclear arms race. Other articles…

American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC.

5

Psychosocial Aspects of Nuclear Developments. Task Force Report 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the report of a task force formed to bring psychological understanding to bear on the various aspects of the development of nuclear arms and nuclear energy and the threat they pose to human physical, mental, and emotional health. The first of seven articles considers the sociopsychological aspects of the nuclear arms race. Other articles…

American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC.

6

Methamphetamine Interagency Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Methamphetamine Interagency Task Force was established in 1996 in response to a provision of the Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act. This report represents the 2-year effort of the Task Force presenting: the principles that have guided the Task...

2000-01-01

7

Research Needs in Rural Development. Report of the Southern Regional Rural Development Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Initiated in 1974 to ascertain research needs in the Southern region, the Rural Development Task Force investigated the nature of rural development problems and needed and clientele oriented research. Current research was reviewed, priority areas were identified, and allocation of Scientific Man Years were recommended. Major problems identified…

Tyner, Fred, Comp.; And Others

8

UCLA Library Task Force  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The University of California at Los Angeles library is using part of its staff in a special mobile Task Force group to work on system-wide projects directed toward the elimination of backlogs and toward development of improved manual and automated systems. (Author)|

Nixon, Roberta

1974-01-01

9

The development of contact force construction in the dynamic-contact task of cycling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purposeful movement requires that an individual produce appropriate joint torques to accelerate segments, and when environmental contact is involved, to develop task-appropriate contact forces. Developmental research has been confined largely to the mastery of unconstrained movement skills (pointing, kicking). The purpose of this study was to study the developmental progression that characterizes the interaction of muscular and non-muscular forces in

Nicholas A. T Brown; Jody L Jensen

2003-01-01

10

Globalization Task Force Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the last meeting of the President's National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee (NSTAC) in June 1999, the Globalization Task Force (GTF)1 has concentrated its efforts on national security and emergency preparedness (NS/EP) issues related...

2000-01-01

11

Voltage-sag indices - recent developments in IEEE PI564 task force  

Microsoft Academic Search

The project for developing recommended practice for the establishment of voltage sag indices was approved by the IEEE in January 2000. Since then, the task force P 1564 met twice a year and developed a draft document. This paper presents the current state of discussions and a summary of the latest draft D2. Next to retained voltage and duration, as

M. H. J. Bollen; D. D. Sabin; R. S. Thallam

2003-01-01

12

The National Task Force on AIDS Drug Development: a progress report.  

PubMed

The National Task Force on AIDS Drug Development, appointed in early 1994, has been meeting every few months since its inception to identify obstacles to the development of drugs for the treatment of AIDS and to formulate ways to address these obstacles. The April 1995 proceedings noted changes in tax and patent laws, and discussed Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory reform. Discussion centered around proposals on incentives for the development of more and better drugs for AIDS and other life-threatening diseases. Biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies want the Task Force to support their efforts to enact these proposals and hope to secure financial incentives for their development of AIDS drugs. According to some, the biotechnology industry is in the midst of a financial crisis, after losing more than eleven billion dollars over the past three years. The industry is requesting support for the enactment of securities litigation and product liability reform legislation. Clinton Administration representatives and economics experts object to these proposals. Many AIDS activists have criticized the Task Force, citing a lack of sufficient authority and focus on the issues it could affect. The next Task Force meeting will be held June 29-30, 1995. PMID:11362547

Levin, J

1995-06-01

13

Balkans Task Force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

UNEP, the United Nations Environment Programme, launched the Balkans Task Force (BTF) Website on May 5, 1999 to provide information and updates on "the environmental and human settlements impacts of the ongoing Balkans conflict." Experts from the Balkans Task Force visit war-damaged (industrial) sites and post their results in a series of online Situation Reports; currently, fourteen reports (in HTML or .pdf) are available on-site. Also provided are regional maps, general information, related news and documents, and a series of links to other Websites featuring aspects of the Kosovo conflict.

14

Facilities Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Los Angeles Public School District is experiencing considerable overcrowding and deterioration of its public schools without adequate funding or planning to build new ones. This document presents the recommendations of a task force that assessed the district's public school crisis in the following areas: school maintenance; new facilities…

Los Angeles Unified School District, CA. School Reform Office.

15

Park West Redevelopment Task Force Report on 1981 Economic Development Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Park West Redevelopment Task Force of Milwaukee was convened for the purpose of redeveloping the corridor which had been cleared for the Park Freeway West. Goals of the Task Force are to redevelop the corridor in a manner that will stabilize and revit...

1981-01-01

16

Stem Cell Task Force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) provides an overview of the activities of an NIH task force established to move the stem cell research agenda forward. The section titled Scientific Research may be of particular interest to researchers in this area. It provides links to the Web sites of stem cell-related research at a number of NIH institutes, as well as an extensive information index, a FAQs page about stem cell research, information on funding opportunities, and much more.

17

Future Faculty Task Force Report, Fall 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1993, Lane Community College (LCC), in Oregon, established the Future Faculty Task Force to develop a vision of the faculty the college would like to have and make recommendations for achieving that vision. This report describes characteristics of the ideal future faculty developed by the Task Force and provides recommendations for…

Barber, Bob; And Others

18

Workforce Coalition: Education Task Force  

NASA Website

[Educators K-Higher Education] [Available: Nationally] The Workforce Coalition task force will use a systems approach to engage community stakeholders in facilitating partnerships to build skills needed for the workforce.

19

Solar Energy Task Force Report: Technical Training Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task force report offers guidelines and information for the development of vocational education programs oriented to the commercial application of solar energy in water and space heating. After Section I introduces the Solar Energy Task Force and its activities, Section II outlines the task force's objectives and raises several issues and…

O'Connor, Kevin

20

Task Force II: Energy and Its Socioeconomic Impacts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizing the Task Force Issues Paper presented at the Appalachian Conference on Balanced Growth and Economic Development (1977), this article presents selected comments by Task Force participants, and Task Force recommendations re: a national severence tax on extraction of nonrenewable energy resources; socioeconomic costs of nuclear energy; a…

Appalachia, 1977

1977-01-01

21

Task Force II: Energy and Its Socioeconomic Impacts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizing the Task Force Issues Paper presented at the Appalachian Conference on Balanced Growth and Economic Development (1977), this article presents selected comments by Task Force participants, and Task Force recommendations re: a national severence tax on extraction of nonrenewable energy resources; socioeconomic costs of nuclear energy; a…

Appalachia, 1977

1977-01-01

22

Muon Collider Task Force Report  

SciTech Connect

Muon Colliders offer a possible long term path to lepton-lepton collisions at center-of-mass energies {radical}s {ge} 1 TeV. In October 2006 the Muon Collider Task Force (MCTF) proposed a program of advanced accelerator R&D aimed at developing the Muon Collider concept. The proposed R&D program was motivated by progress on Muon Collider design in general, and in particular, by new ideas that have emerged on muon cooling channel design. The scope of the proposed MCTF R&D program includes muon collider design studies, helical cooling channel design and simulation, high temperature superconducting solenoid studies, an experimental program using beams to test cooling channel RF cavities and a 6D cooling demonstration channel. The first year of MCTF activities are summarized in this report together with a brief description of the anticipated FY08 R&D activities. In its first year the MCTF has made progress on (1) Muon Collider ring studies, (2) 6D cooling channel design and simulation studies with an emphasis on the HCC scheme, (3) beam preparations for the first HPRF cavity beam test, (4) preparations for an HCC four-coil test, (5) further development of the MANX experiment ideas and studies of the muon beam possibilities at Fermilab, (6) studies of how to integrate RF into an HCC in preparation for a component development program, and (7) HTS conductor and magnet studies to prepare for an evaluation of the prospects for of an HTS high-field solenoid build for a muon cooling channel.

Ankenbrandt, C.; Alexahin, Y.; Balbekov, V.; Barzi, E.; Bhat, C.; Broemmelsiek, D.; Bross, A.; Burov, A.; Drozhdin, A.; Finley, D.; Geer, S.; /Fermilab /Argonne /Brookhaven /Jefferson Lab /LBL, Berkeley /MUONS Inc., Batavia /UCLA /UC, Riverside /Mississippi U.

2007-12-01

23

Enhancing the Capacity of Four-Year Postsecondary Educational Institutions to Promote Economic Development. A Report by the Task Force on Education and Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses efforts undertaken by the Southern Education Foundation's (SEF) Task Force on Education and Economic Development and summarizes case-study reports of activities at four-year, postsecondary educational institutions in the South to promote economic development. The activities of six institutions were reviewed: Jackson State…

Southern Education Foundation, Atlanta, GA.

24

Development of residential-conservation-survey methodology for the US Air Force. Interim report. Task two  

SciTech Connect

A US Air Force (USAF) Residential Energy Conservation Methodology was developed to compare USAF needs and available data to the procedures of the Residential Conservation Service (RCS) program as developed for general use by utility companies serving civilian customers. Attention was given to the data implications related to group housing, climatic data requirements, life-cycle cost analysis, energy saving modifications beyond those covered by RCS, and methods for utilizing existing energy consumption data in approaching the USAF survey program. Detailed information and summaries are given on the five subtasks of the program. Energy conservation alternatives are listed and the basic analysis techniques to be used in evaluating their thermal performane are described. (MCW)

Abrams, D.W.; Hartman, T.L.; Lau, A.S.

1981-11-13

25

Task Force Smith: An Intelligence Failure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph examines intelligence and how it was applied to Task Force Smith. Task Force Smith was a regimental combat from 1st Battalion 21st Infantry Regiment commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Charles 'Brad' Smith, the first American soldiers committed...

R. E. Matthews

1995-01-01

26

FDA Counterfeit Drug Task Force Reports  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA Counterfeit Drug Task Force Reports. ... The steps described in the Task Force report and updates are intended to further secure the safety of the ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety

27

THE STRATEGIC UNCONVENTIONAL FUELS TASK FORCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is a product of a Task Force of eleven (11) members including the Secretaries of the Departments of Energy, Defense, and the Interior; the Governors of the States of Colorado, Kentucky, Mississippi, Utah, and Wyoming; and representatives of localities in those states that would be impacted by the development of the unconventional resources located therein. This report does

W. Bodman

28

FRAX(®) Clinical Task Force of the 2010 Joint International Society for Clinical Densitometry & International Osteoporosis Foundation Position Development Conference.  

PubMed

The World Health Organization fracture risk assessment tool, FRAX(®), is an advance in clinical care that can assist in clinical decision-making. However, with increasing clinical utilization, numerous questions have arisen regarding how to best estimate fracture risk in an individual patient. Recognizing the need to assist clinicians in optimal use of FRAX(®), the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) in conjunction with the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) assembled an international panel of experts that ultimately developed joint Official Positions of the ISCD and IOF advising clinicians regarding FRAX(®) usage. As part of the process, the charge of the FRAX(®) Clinical Task Force was to review and synthesize data surrounding a number of recognized clinical risk factors including rheumatoid arthritis, smoking, alcohol, prior fracture, falls, bone turnover markers and glucocorticoid use. This synthesis was presented to the expert panel and constitutes the data on which the subsequent Official Positions are predicated. A summary of the Clinical Task Force composition and charge is presented here. PMID:21810522

McCloskey, Eugene V; Binkley, Neil

29

UHF task force: Executive overview and summary  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estimates were made of the spectrum required for the operation of viable television stations up to the year 1990. Estimates of the spectrum needs of the civil maritime and aeronautical services were a fraction of those estimated by these industries because the task force took into account the expected and possible improvements in spectrum efficiency. In connection with land mobile, a development contract was granted leading to an amplitude compandored single sideband system requiring a bandwidth of 5 KHz compared with 20-30 KHz of the current frequency modulation system. Consideration was given to using the forces of the marketplace instead of regulation for introducing spectrum saving technologies.

Wilmotte, R. M.

1980-01-01

30

Antiphospholipid Syndrome Clinical Research Task Force report.  

PubMed

The Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) Clinical Research Task Force (CRTF) was one of six Task Forces developed by the 13(th) International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies (aPL) organization committee with the purpose of: a) evaluating the limitations of APS clinical research and developing guidelines for researchers to help improve the quality of APS research; and b) prioritizing the ideas for a well-designed multicenter clinical trial and discussing the pragmatics of getting such a trial done. Following a systematic working algorithm, the Task Force identified five major issues that impede APS clinical research and the ability to develop evidence-based recommendations for the management of aPL-positive patients: (1) aPL detection has been based on partially or non-standardized tests, and clinical (and basic) APS research studies have included patients with heterogeneous aPL profiles with different clinical event risks; (2) clinical (and basic) APS research studies have included a heterogeneous group of patients with different aPL-related manifestations (some controversial); (3) thrombosis and/or pregnancy risk stratification and quantification are rarely incorporated in APS clinical research; (4) most APS clinical studies include patients with single positive aPL results and/or low-titer aPL ELISA results; furthermore, study designs are mostly retrospective and not population based, with limited number of prospective and/or controlled population studies; and (5) lack of the understanding the particular mechanisms of aPL-mediated clinical events limits the optimal clinical study design. The Task Force recommended that there is an urgent need for a truly international collaborative approach to design and conduct well-designed prospective large-scale multi-center clinical trials of patients with persistent and clinically significant aPL profiles. An international collaborative meeting to formulate a good research question using 'FINER' (Feasible; Interesting; Novel; Ethical; and Relevant) criteria took place in November 2010. PMID:21303838

Erkan, D; Derksen, R; Levy, R; Machin, S; Ortel, T; Pierangeli, S; Roubey, R; Lockshin, M

2011-02-01

31

75 FR 24781 - Task Force on Space Industry Workforce and Economic Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...strategy will foster the development of path- breaking technologies, increase the reach and reduce the cost of human and robotic exploration of space, and help create thousands of new jobs. NASA's budget also includes $429 million next year,...

2010-05-06

32

Report of the Task Force on detector Research and Development for the Superconducting Super Collider  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a: Report of the working group on tracking devices; report of the working group on calorimetry; report of the working group on muon, electron and hadron identification; report of the working group on electronics, triggering, data acquisition and computing; report of the working group on superconducting magnets; and report of the working group on Monte Carlo development.

NONE

1986-06-01

33

Recommended mission directed goals for electric vehicle battery research and development. The task force on electric vehicle battery goals  

SciTech Connect

Research and development goal packages were developed for the state-of-the-art, flow-through, and bipolar lead-acid batteries, nickel/iron, nickel/zinc, nickel/cadmium, zinc/bromine, iron/air, lithium/iron sulfide, and sodium/sulfur technologies. Since each battery must satisfy mission power/energy requirements throughout every cycle of its operating life, the principal ''design point'' is the end-of-life condition. Since all batteries exhibit deteriorating performance with age, excess kWh capacity of 20 to 30 percent is required early in life. The Battery Panel first identified present state-of-the-art performance characteristics and design interrelationships for each battery technology, and projected the degree of advance expected by 1995. Near-term and 1995 design tradeoffs were modeled using the EVA computerized system developed by ANL. The next step was to target each battery system for a single range (80, 120 or 160 km), depending on its projected 1995 capabilities. For each battery, baseline calculations were carried out assuming the maximum battery weight (695 kg) to be on board. In addition to performance, life, and cost goals, development targets were also established for efficiency, maintenance, and allowable self-discharge rate. The Task Force attempted to establish battery cost requirements, assuming economic parity (in 1995) with other modes of transportation.

Not Available

1986-03-01

34

Oil quality task force presents findings  

SciTech Connect

In April, 1996 John Beckett, president of R.W. Beckett Co., convened a task force to address the topic of fuel quality and its effect on burner performance. The formation of this task force was prompted by reports of excessive carbon deposits on burner combustion heads. Specific instances prompting concern were: (1) Two residential wet base boilers in Colorado which developed excessive carbon buildup on the burner heads. (2) A commercial size space heater unit with head carbon buildup both in the field in Pennsylvania and in the R.W. Beckett lab. (3) A small residential furnace with head carbon buildup after a relatively short cycling period with No. 2 heating fuel but with clean performance using diesel fuel. (4) A medium size wet base residential boiler which exhibited unexpected head and heat exchanger fouling while testing with low sulfur fuel. The need for the task force was supported by service call data related to fuel quality and combustion performance compiled by the R.W. Beckett Technical Services group. Specifically, the percentage of telephone service calls for fuels, combustion problems, and impingement/coke trees on heads, after being relatively stable at about 4% of all calls received from 1990 through 1992, rose to 5.4% in 1995 and nearly 8% in 1996.

Laisy, J.M. [R.W. Beckett Corp., Elyria, OH (United States)

1996-10-01

35

Current Processes of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: Refining Evidence-Based Recommendation Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

he U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is an internationally recognized, independent panel of non- federal experts in primary care, prevention, and research methods that makes evidence-based recommendations to guide the delivery of clinical preventive services. Convened and supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the USPSTF is charged by the U.S. Congress to review the scientific

Janelle Guirguis-Blake; Ned Calonge; Therese Miller; Albert Siu; Steven Teutsch; Evelyn Whitlock

36

Learning a Living in Canada. Volume II. Policy Options for the Nations. Report to the Minister of Employment and Immigration Canada by the Skill Development Leave Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second volume of a two-volume report presents findings of a task force on the importance of skill development leave as a mechanism for retraining, upgrading, and updating workers in a dynamic Canadian society. Volume II is an instrument for consultation. Chapter 8 (the first seven chapters appear in volume I) looks at the lifelong learning…

Canada Employment and Immigration Commission, Ottawa (Ontario).

37

Learning a Living in Canada. Volume I. Background and Perspectives. Report to the Minister of Employment and Immigration Canada by the Skill Development Leave Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first volume of a two-volume report presents findings of a task force on the importance of skill development leave as a mechanism for retraining, upgrading, and updating workers in a dynamic Canadian society. The report is designed as a tool for consultation. Volume I contains two parts. Part I, the background section, describes the current…

Canada Employment and Immigration Commission, Ottawa (Ontario).

38

Basic Education in Developing Countries. Hearing before the International Task Force of the Select Committee on Hunger. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The responsibility of the U.S. House of Representatives Task Force on Hunger is to investigate the causes and dimensions of world hunger and to develop legislative recommendations addressing the issues raised. At this hearing, the issue discussed was of basic education as a crucial link in expanding opportunities for poor and hungry people to…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Hunger.

39

President's Identity Theft Task Force Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two years ago, the President launched a new era in the fight against identity theft by issuing an executive order establishing the Identity Theft Task Force. The executive order charged 15 federal departments and agencies with crafting a comprehensive nat...

2008-01-01

40

Task force recommendations to transform UK industry.  

PubMed

A programme of actions established by the Healthcare Industries Task Force is set to turn the United Kingdom medical device technology industry into an industrial powerhouse. This article outlines how. PMID:16225284

Wilkinson, John

2004-12-01

41

Task Force on Speech Pathology and Audiology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results and conclusions of a 1972 study performed by the Task Force on Speech Pathology and Audiology. Thirteen educational institutions offering degrees in speech pathology and audiology in Louisiana were surveyed, and completed ...

J. L. Peterson

1973-01-01

42

Multisociety Task Force for Critical Care Research  

PubMed Central

Background: Research in critical care extends from the bench to the bedside, involving multiple departments, specialties, and funding organizations. Because of this diversity, it has been difficult for all stakeholders to collectively identify challenges and establish priorities. Objective: To define a comprehensive agenda for critical care research using input from a broad range of stakeholders to serve as a blueprint for future initiatives. Methods: The Critical Care Societies Collaborative (CCSC), consisting of the leadership of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN), the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), joined the US Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group (USCIITG) in forming a task force to define a comprehensive critical care research agenda. This group of 25 identified experts was divided into subgroups to address basic, translational, clinical, implementation, and educational research. The subgroups met via conference calls, and the entire task force met in person for a 2-day session. The result was a detailed discussion of the research priorities that served as the basis for this report. Results: The task force identified challenges, specific priority areas, and recommendations for process improvements to support critical care research. Additionally, four overarching themes emerged: 1) the traditional “silo-ed” approach to critical care research is counterproductive and should be modified; 2) an approach that more effectively links areas of research (ie, basic and translational research, or clinical research and implementation) should be embraced; 3) future approaches to human research should account for disease complexity and patient heterogeneity; and 4) an enhanced infrastructure for critical care research is essential for future success. Conclusions: This document contains the themes/recommendations developed by a large, multiprofessional cross section of critical care scientists, clinicians, and educators. It provides a unique framework for future research in critical care medicine.

Deutschman, Clifford S.; Ahrens, Tom; Cairns, Charles B.; Sessler, Curtis N.

2012-01-01

43

Community hoarding task forces: a comparative case study of five task forces in the United States.  

PubMed

During the past decade, many community task forces have formed to address hoarding problems that come to public attention. Such task forces provide a societal-level intervention to assist people with the most severe cases of hoarding, who do not voluntarily seek or want help for their hoarding behaviour. This qualitative study of five U.S. hoarding task forces included sites selected for their diversity of purpose, approaches to hoarding intervention and community geography, composition and resources. Data were collected during the period of September 2007-March 2008. The case study methodology used multiple forms of data, including semi-structured interviews, analysis of documents, small group interviews and investigator observation. This study captured the perspectives of public and private sector service providers such as mental health, housing, social service, public health agencies and community enforcement organisations (fire, police, legal, animal control) to examine how task forces organise and operate and the emerging practice and policy changes. Study findings suggest that structural factors (e.g. leadership, purpose, funding and membership) impact hoarding task force viability, that participation on a task force influences practice and policy decisions about hoarding, and that social work can expand its role in task force leadership. Task forces may be a mechanism for improving community policies about hoarding and mechanisms for addressing other social problems across multiple sectors. PMID:23199135

Bratiotis, Christiana

2012-12-01

44

Middle Class Task Force: Green Jobs Update.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It was no accident that the first Middle Class Task Force was on green jobs. Our focus on clean energy and energy efficiency jobs for the middle class occurs at the intersection of two of the Obama Administration's most important policy initiatives: creat...

2011-01-01

45

The AAPT Advanced Laboratory Task Force Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In late 2005, the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) assembled a seven-member Advanced Laboratory Task Force^ to recommend ways that AAPT could increase the degree and effectiveness of its interactions with physics teachers of upper-division physics laboratories, with the ultimate goal of improving the teaching of advanced laboratories. The task force completed its work during the first half of 2006 and its recommendations were presented to the AAPT Executive Committee in July 2006. This talk will present the recommendations of the task force and actions taken by AAPT in response to them. The curricular goals of the advanced laboratory course at various institutions will also be discussed. The talk will conclude with an appeal to the APS membership to support ongoing efforts to revitalize advanced laboratory course instruction. ^Members of the Advanced Laboratory Task Force: Van Bistrow, University of Chicago; Bob DeSerio, University of Florida; Jeff Dunham, Middlebury College (Chair); Elizabeth George, Wittenburg University; Daryl Preston, California State University, East Bay; Patricia Sparks, Harvey Mudd College; Gerald Taylor, James Madison University; and David Van Baak, Calvin College.

Dunham, Jeffrey

2008-04-01

46

New Hampshire Automation Task Force. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief task force report looks at the current manual union catalog based in the New Hampshire State Library, and recommends the institution of a computer output microform (COM) system, and the eventual creation of an online statewide union catalog. An executive summary provides a listing of 15 specific recommendations based on a 1981 needs…

New Hampshire Library Association, Concord.

47

Virginia Tech State Task Force Reports Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An analysis of eleven state task force reports prompted by the tragic nature of the Virginia Tech shooting in 2007 revealed that all shared a primary theme: no "single best way" to protect American college and university campuses yet exists. These documents, individually and collectively, make it clear that contemporary complex learning…

McBride, James T.

2010-01-01

48

Suez Canal Clearance Operation, Task Force 65.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides the documentation of the Suez Canal Clearance Operations NIMBUS STAR, NIMBUS MOON, and NIMROD SPAR undertaken by Task Force 65 during the period 11 April to 15 December 1974. Under the terms of two bilateral agreements between the Gov...

1975-01-01

49

U.S. Transport Task Force 2010  

SciTech Connect

The Transport Task Force (TTF) Meeting is a venue for vigorous scientific discourse and discussion on topics in transport and turbulence in fusion plasmas. Its participation is international. The 2010 meeting was highly effective, with 139 registered participants and 131 presentations. This is remarkable for an even year (IAEA year) meeting. The meeting clearly fostered progress in understanding and control of turbulent transport.

Diamond, P.H.

2011-09-21

50

Interstate Migrant Education Task Force: Migrant Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because ill-clothed, sick, or hungry migrant children learn poorly, the Task Force has emphasized the migrant health situation in 1979. Migrant workers have a 33% shorter life expectancy, a 25% higher infant mortality rate, and a 25% higher death rate from tuberculosis and other communicable diseases than the national average. Common among…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

51

Forming Standing Joint Special Operations Task Force Headquarters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special Operations Forces (SOF) within a Joint Task Force are controlled by a Joint Special Operations Task Force (JSOTF). Presently, JSOTF headquarters are formed around the core of the Theater Special Operations Command (TSOC), a service SOF headquarter...

M. S. Adams

2003-01-01

52

Hand Function in Multiple Sclerosis: Force Coordination in Manipulation Tasks  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the methodology for exploring the specific aspects of functional impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) through the pattern of forces exerted in various manipulation tasks. Methods Twelve mildly involved MS patients (EDSS 2.5–5.5) and 12 healthy controls performed various static and dynamic manipulation tasks with an instrumented device that recorded the grip (G; normal to the digit device contact area) and load force (L; tangential force that causes lifting). Results MS patients consistently displayed lower indices of task performance (as assessed by the ability to produce the required L profiles) and force coordination (as assessed by G/L ratio, coupling of G and L, and G modulation) than the healthy controls across all tested tasks. Conclusions The applied methodology could be sensitive enough to detect the hand dysfunction in mildly involved individuals with MS. Particularly recommended for future evaluations of the impairment of hand function could be a simple lifting task and the static task of tracing a gradually changing L, as well as the variables depicting both the task performance and G/L ratio. Significance The applied methodology could be developed into a standard clinical test for the assessment of hand function in MS and, possibly, in other neurological diseases.

Krishnan, Vennila; Jaric, Slobodan

2008-01-01

53

AEA/USA Task Force on Voluntary Learning. Task Force Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of law, force, social pressure, and other forms of compulsion to "encourage" lifelong learning and to expand the market for adult education has been a growing concern for many adult educators. Because of the proliferation of requirements for mandatory continuing education (MCE), a task force was formed to study MCE, and to mobilize opinion…

Heaney, Thomas W., Ed.

54

First interim report of the Federal Fleet Conversion Task Force  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Fleet Conversion Task Force was created by Executive Order 12844, signed by President Clinton on April 21, 1993. In the Order, the President directed that purchases of alternative fueled vehicles by the Federal Government be substantially increased beyond the levels required by current law. The President charged the Task Force with developing recommendations for carrying out the Executive Order, with special emphasis on setting a course that will lead to the widespread use of alternative fueled vehicles by Federal, State, and local government fleets, by private fleets and, ultimately, by individuals. The chief recommendation of the Task Force is the establishment of a Presidential Clean Cities Initiative. To support creation of the Presidential Initiative, the Task Force identified 38 cities and regions, prioritized into three tiers, for concentrating the Initiative`s efforts in Fiscal Years 1994 through 1996. This concentration of effort is key to the effectiveness of the Initiative. The 38 cities and regions would receive priority funding for Federal vehicle purchases and for infrastructure development. In addition, the Task Force has made specific recommendations for overcoming numerous regulatory, economic, and technical barriers that have slowed the introduction of alternative fueled vehicles into general use.

Not Available

1993-08-01

55

Final Technical Report Transport Task Force  

SciTech Connect

The Transport Task Force has functioned as the primary scientific organization in the area of magnetic-fusion confinement and transport since its inception in 1988. It has defined and set research directions, coordinated broad research efforts, advocated new funding initiatives, and created a highly successful and widely admired interactive culture between experiment, theory and modeling. The Transport Task Force carries out its activities under the direction of its chair and the Executive Committee. The Executive Committee is comprised of the leaders and deputy leaders of the scientific working groups. The working groups are structured and organized according to research needs and priorities and have been organized around the areas of Core Transport, H Mode and Pedestal, Fast Particle Transport, Transient Transport Phenomena, and Modeling and Simulation. A steering committee provides advise on TTF activities. Further information on the working groups and the structure and management of the TTF can be found at http://psfcwww2.psfc.mit.edu/ttf/index.html. The TTF holds an annual workshop. A summary of the workshops held during the period of this report is given in Appendix I. During the period of this report the Transport Task Force was involved in several significant activities. Foremost of these was a sweeping review of the status of transport science, the key research tasks for progress during the next 5-10 years, and a proposal for a funding initiative to ensure application of adequate resources to these problems. The conclusions of this study were incorporated into a white paper, which is copied below in Appendix II. Other significant activities have included the introduction of an extended, ongoing discussion on verification and validation as a requisite for defining and codifying the path toward predictive capability, the orchestration of a gradual shift of focus from ion thermal confinement to electron thermal confinement, and a joining of efforts on edge physics by coordinating and uniting efforts of the Transport Task Force and Edge Coordinating Committee. During the next biennium the TTF is chaired by Keith Burrell.

P.W. Terry

2006-08-22

56

75 FR 15457 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information are on the ANS Task Force Web site at: http://anstaskforce.gov/meetings.php. Dated: March 19, 2010. Bryan Arroyo, Co-Chair, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Assistant Director-- Fisheries & Habitat Conservation. [FR Doc....

2010-03-29

57

Task Force against Racial Profiling. Final Report, January 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the Summer of 1999, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson established the Department of Energy Task Force Against Racial Profiling. The Task Force was chartered to provide the Secretary with: Accurate observations and assessments of workplaces within the na...

2000-01-01

58

Drug Investigations: Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force Program's Accomplishments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report was requested by the former Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee's Criminal Law Subcommittee to examine accomplishments reported by the Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force (OCDETF) Program and the task force's use of options for s...

1987-01-01

59

ACR-SNM Task Force on Nuclear Medicine Training: report of the task force.  

PubMed

The expansion of knowledge and technological advances in nuclear medicine and radiology require physicians to have more expertise in functional and anatomic imaging. The convergence of these two specialties into the new discipline of molecular imaging has also begun to place demands on residency training programs for additional instruction in physiology and molecular biology. These changes have unmasked weaknesses in current nuclear medicine and radiology training programs. Adding to the impetus for change are the attendant realities of the job market and uncertain employment prospects for physicians trained in nuclear medicine but not also trained in diagnostic radiology. With this background, the ACR and the Society of Nuclear Medicine convened the Task Force on Nuclear Medicine Training to define the issues and develop recommendations for resident training. PMID:21571791

Guiberteau, Milton J; Graham, Michael M

2011-05-13

60

ACR-SNM Task Force on Nuclear Medicine Training: report of the task force.  

PubMed

The expansion of knowledge and technological advances in nuclear medicine and radiology require physicians to have more expertise in functional and anatomic imaging. The convergence of these two specialties into the new discipline of molecular imaging has also begun to place demands on residency training programs for additional instruction in physiology and molecular biology. These changes have unmasked weaknesses in current nuclear medicine and radiology training programs. Adding to the impetus for change are the attendant realities of the job market and uncertain employment prospects for physicians trained in nuclear medicine but not also trained in diagnostic radiology. With this background, the ACR and the Society of Nuclear Medicine convened the Task Force on Nuclear Medicine Training to define the issues and develop recommendations for resident training. PMID:21636052

Guiberteau, Milton J; Graham, Michael M

2011-06-01

61

Solar Energy Task Force Report on Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Solar Energy Task Force Report summarizes data, information, and discussions focusing on solar space and water heating applications. The report is intended to fill a need for curriculum and course development and direction for technical training programs, especially in vocational/technical schools and community colleges. It addresses…

O'Connor, J. Kevin

62

TWTF project criticality task force final review and assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Transuranic Waste Treatment Facility (TWTF) is being developed to process transuranic waste, stored and buried at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, into a chemically inert, physically stable basalt-like residue acceptable at a federal repository. A task force was assembled by the TWTF Project Division to review and assess all aspects of criticality safety for the TWTF. This document presents

K. B. McKinley; J. W. Cannon; F. J. Wheeler; H. A. Worle

1980-01-01

63

Report of the Task Force on Temporary Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Phase I of the Task Force on Temporary Faculty study of the utilization of full- and part-time temporary faculty in the California State University and Colleges (CSUC) is presented. The study, which involved the gathering and analysis of data, the identification of problems--many of them detrimental to faculty morale--and the development of…

California State Univ. and Colleges, Long Beach.

64

Urban Consortium Energy Task Force - Year 21 Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Urban Consortium Energy Task Force (UCETF), comprised of representatives of large cities and counties in the United States, is a subgroup of the Urban Consortium, an organization of the nation's largest cities and counties joined together to identify, develop and deploy innovative approaches and technological solutions to pressing urban issues.

NONE

2003-04-01

65

Learning Partnerships: Strengthening American Jobs in the Global Economy. A Report of the Task Force on Workforce Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Global competition, sweeping technological change, and demographic shifts in the labor force call for a national campaign to improve the skills and professionalism of the American workforce. This document calls for the creation of new learning partnerships throughout communities and workplaces to sustain middle-class jobs, pay the social costs of…

Albert Shanker Institute, 2004

2004-01-01

66

Learning Partnerships: Strengthening American Jobs in the Global Economy. A Report of the Task Force on Workforce Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Global competition, sweeping technological change, and demographic shifts in the labor force call for a national campaign to improve the skills and professionalism of the American workforce. This document calls for the creation of new learning partnerships throughout communities and workplaces to sustain middle-class jobs, pay the social costs of…

Albert Shanker Institute, 2004

2004-01-01

67

Effects of force reflection on servomanipulator task performance  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports results of a testing program that assessed the impact of force reflection on servomanipulator task performance. The testing program compared three force-reflection levels: 4 to 1 (four units of force on the slave produce one unit of force at the master controller), 1 to 1, and infinity to 1 (no force reflection). Time required to complete tasks, rate of occurrence of errors, the maximum force applied to task components, and variability in forces during completion of representative remote handling tasks were used as dependent variables. Operators exhibited lower error rates, lower peak forces, and more consistent application of forces using force reflection than they did without it. These data support the hypothesis that force reflection provides useful information for servomanipulator operators.

Draper, J.V.; Moore, W.E.; Herndon, J.N.; Weil, B.S.

1986-01-01

68

In vacuum undulator task force report  

SciTech Connect

Historically the NSLS has been active in R&D for state-of-the-art electron beams, photon beams and x-ray optics. One of the available straight sections has therefore been dedicated to insertion device R&D. Over the past five to seven years a program aimed at exploiting the very small vertical {beta} function in the straight sections has yielded first a prototype small gap undulator (PSGU) and then an in-vacuum undulator (IVUN). The IVUN sources attain a brightness similar to the existing hybrid wigglers in X21 and X25. They radiate significantly lower total power than the wigglers but produce higher power densities. They provide undulator rather than wiggler spectra. Because of the small gaps and small periods there is not much tunability in these devices and they will have to be purpose-built for a specific scientific program. The original IVUN parameters were chosen for in-elastic x-ray scattering, similar to the scientific program on X21. This put the fundamental at 4.6 keV and the third harmonic at 13.8 keV. The question that this new possible insertion device poses is what science programs can best take advantage of this new insertion device source? To answer this, a task force was formed by M. Hart, NSLS Department Chair and charged with identifying viable scientific programs that could seek outside funding to construct IVUN beamlines. The task force concentrated on experimental programs that are presently being pursued on new insertion devices worldwide. For example, x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy, which takes advantage of the large coherent flux from undulator sources, was considered. However, this program was not considered as the highest priority. The general area of protein crystallography, however, is ideal for the IVUN source. The unique electron beam optics that makes the IVUN possible in the first place also makes the IVUN ideal as a source for microdiffraction.

Hastings, J.B.; Kao, C.C.; Stefan, P. [and others

1998-06-01

69

Maryland Task Force on the Principalship: Recommendations for Redefining the Role of the Principal; Recruiting, Retaining, and Rewarding Principals; and Improving Their Preparation and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the Maryland Association of Secondary School Principals (MASSP) interviewed 21 superintendents and 121 aspiring, assistant, and current principals and found that a severe and worsening shortage of secondary administrators exists. This report describes the nature of the shortage problem and recommendations made by the Maryland Task Force

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

70

Defense Task Force on Domestic Violence: First Annual Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On March 9, 2001, the US Department of Defense Task Force on Domestic Violence released its first report and strategic plan. The 24-member Task Force was established last year with a three-year mission to formulate a long-term, strategic plan to eliminate domestic violence within the military. Users may read the full-text of the 118-page report at the Task Force site, which also offers additional information and related links.

2001-01-01

71

Report and Recommendations of the In-Rem Housing Task Force Committee on Housing and Urban Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluates New York City's methods of managing, upgrading and disposing of the housing it takes for tax arrears. Seven major policy recommendations are offered for handling these in rem properties. The first recommendation suggests that the city develop early intervention strategies in order to stem the flow of distressed properties…

Community Service Society of New York, NY.

72

FRAX ® International Task Force of the 2010 Joint International Society for Clinical Densitometry & International Osteoporosis Foundation Position Development Conference  

Microsoft Academic Search

Osteoporosis is a serious worldwide epidemic. FRAX® is a web-based tool developed by the Sheffield WHO Collaborating Center team, that integrates clinical risk factors and femoral neck BMD and calculates the 10 year fracture probability in order to help health care professionals identify patients who need treatment. However, only 31 countries have a FRAX® calculator. In the absence of a

Jane A. Cauley; Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan; Marjorie M. Luckey

73

Report of the WPA Task Force on Brain Drain  

PubMed Central

The brain drain of health professionals is an issue of continuing interest and debate. The WPA set up a Task Force to examine the phenomenon as it relates specifically to mental health professionals. This report provides a description of the work of the Task Force and its recommendations in regard to how the WPA might act to help address the issue

GUREJE, OYE; HOLLINS, SHEILA; BOTBOL, MICHEL; JAVED, AFZAL; JORGE, MIGUE; OKECH, VIOLET; RIBA, MICHELLE; TRIVEDI, JITENDRA; SARTORIUS, NORMAN; JENKINS, RACHEL

2009-01-01

74

Report of the Task Force on the Academic Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November 1980, a task force was formed at Fraser Valley College (FVC) to determine the future direction of the university transfer program and to make recommendations regarding the program and its implementation. This report presents information on the background, activities, and recommendations of the task force. Section I presents the…

Cooke, Virginia; And Others

75

Interagency Task Force Report on the Federal Contract Audit Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report represents the work of an inter-agency task force established by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to review the audits of contracts with for-profit contractors. The task force studied recommendations made by the Subcommittee on Oversig...

1992-01-01

76

The Fernald Citizens Task Force: Shifting the focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

In August 1995, the Fernald Citizens Task Force provided the US Department of Energy (DOE), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Ohio EPA (OEPA), and FERMCO with cost-effective, iplementable recommendations for addressing Fernald`s most pressing issues. Fernald is now proceeding with an accelerated cleanup plan to make these recommendations reality. With its initial work plan complete, the Task Force confronted

G. D. Stegner; J. S. Applegate; J. Hoopes; D. Sarno

1995-01-01

77

Pediatric button battery injuries: 2013 task force update.  

PubMed

Over the last 10 years, there has been a dramatic rise in the incidence of severe injuries involving children who ingest button batteries. Injury can occur rapidly and children can be asymptomatic or demonstrate non-specific symptoms until catastrophic injuries develop over a period of hours or days. Smaller size ingested button batteries will often pass without clinical sequellae; however, batteries 20mm and larger can more easily lodge in the esophagus causing significant damage. In some cases, the battery can erode into the aorta resulting in massive hemorrhage and death. To mitigate against the continued rise in life-threatening injuries, a national Button Battery Task Force was assembled to pursue a multi-faceted approach to injury prevention. This task force includes representatives from medicine, public health, industry, poison control, and government. A recent expert panel discussion at the 2013 American Broncho-Esophagological Association (ABEA) Meeting provided an update on the activities of the task force and is highlighted in this paper. PMID:23896385

Jatana, Kris R; Litovitz, Toby; Reilly, James S; Koltai, Peter J; Rider, Gene; Jacobs, Ian N

2013-07-27

78

Dependence of asymmetrical interference on task demands and hand dominance in bimanual isometric force tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the asymmetry of bilateral interference in a bimanual isometric force pulse task and the relation\\u000a of the degree of interference with the asymmetry of the force levels and the hand dominance. One hand produced force pulses\\u000a with the same peak force target, while the other hand produced different peak forces in blocked conditions with force target\\u000a ratios

Xiaogang HuKarl; Karl M. Newell

2011-01-01

79

Force-Field Compensation in a Manual Tracking Task  

PubMed Central

This study addresses force/movement control in a dynamic “hybrid” task: the master sub-task is continuous manual tracking of a target moving along an eight-shaped Lissajous figure, with the tracking error as the primary performance index; the slave sub-task is compensation of a disturbing curl viscous field, compatibly with the primary performance index. The two sub-tasks are correlated because the lateral force the subject must exert on the eight-shape must be proportional to the longitudinal movement speed in order to perform a good tracking. The results confirm that visuo-manual tracking is characterized by an intermittent control mechanism, in agreement with previous work; the novel finding is that the overall control patterns are not altered by the presence of a large deviating force field, if compared with the undisturbed condition. It is also found that the control of interaction-forces is achieved by a combination of arm stiffness properties and direct force control, as suggested by the systematic lateral deviation of the trajectories from the nominal path and the comparison between perturbed trials and catch trials. The coordination of the two sub-tasks is quickly learnt after the activation of the deviating force field and is achieved by a combination of force and the stiffness components (about 80% vs. 20%), which is a function of the implicit accuracy of the tracking task.

Squeri, Valentina; Masia, Lorenzo; Casadio, Maura; Morasso, Pietro; Vergaro, Elena

2010-01-01

80

Force Feedback in Precise Assembly Tasks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the execution of precise assembly tasks by a robot. The level of performance of the experimental system allows such basic actions as putting a peg into a hole, screwing a nut on a bolt, and picking up a thin piece from a flat table. T...

H. Inoue

1974-01-01

81

78 FR 60306 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The ANS...introduction and dispersal of aquatic invasive species (AIS); to monitor, control...Biocontrol Programs. National Invasive Species Awareness Week....

2013-10-01

82

Recommendations of the Crime, Violence, and Discipline Reporting Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Crime, Violence, and Discipline Reporting Task Force of the National Education Statistics Agenda Committee (NESAC), National Forum on Education Statistics recognizes the large variation of expertise and capabilities across the United States in the are...

2000-01-01

83

77 FR 74341 - Establishing the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...December 7, 2012 Establishing the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force By the...follows: Section 1. Purpose. Hurricane Sandy made landfall on October 29...affected region. A disaster of Hurricane Sandy's magnitude merits a...

2012-12-14

84

Task Force on Innovation in Dental Hygiene Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The background, origins, functions, and recommendations of the American Association of Dental Schools' task force investigating improvement of access to dental hygiene training programs and of curriculum and program design are presented. (MSE)

Bader, James; And Others

1989-01-01

85

Joint Fires Training Guide for a Corps Joint Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A detailed analysis of responsibilities, inputs, processes, outputs, and interactions was conducted for the staff elements and cells involved in joint fires at the Corps Joint Task Force level. This research product documents that analysis. The purpose of...

J. F. Love

1998-01-01

86

Final Report of the Task Force on Instructional Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The recommendations of the Chico State College Task Force on Instructional Media are presented, along with several supporting position papers. The major recommendations listed are that: (1) all learning resources, such as the library, the media center, an...

1972-01-01

87

Childhood Obesity Task Forces Established by State Legislatures, 2001-2010  

PubMed Central

Introduction States and communities are considering policy and environmental strategies, including enacting legislation, to reduce and prevent childhood obesity. One legislative approach has been to create task forces to understand key issues and develop a course of action. The goal of this study was to describe state-level, childhood obesity task forces in the United States created by legislation from 2001 through 2010. Methods We used the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity database to identify state-level childhood obesity task forces created through legislation from 2001 through 2010. Results We identified 21 states that had enacted legislation creating childhood obesity task forces of which 6 had created more than one task force. Most task forces were charged with both gathering and reviewing information and making recommendations for obesity-prevention actions in the state. Most legislation required that task forces include representation from the state legislature, state agencies, community organizations, and community members. Conclusion Evaluation of the effectiveness of obesity-prevention task forces and the primary components that contribute to their success may help to determine the advantages of the use of such strategies in obesity prevention.

Kim, Sonia A.; Sherry, Bettylou; Blanck, Heidi M.

2013-01-01

88

APA Presidential Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evidence-based practice movement has become an important feature of health care systems and health care policy. Within this context, the APA 2005 Presidential Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice defines and discusses evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP). In an in- tegration of science and practice, the Task Force's report describes psychology's fundamental commitment to sophis- ticated EBPP and takes into

Alvin R. Mahrer; Frederick L. Newman; John C. Norcross; Doris K. Silverman; Brian D. Smedley; Bruce E. Wampold; Drew I. Westen; Brian T. Yates; Nolan W. Zane; Geoffrey M. Reed; Lynn F. Bufka; Paul D. Nelson; Cynthia D. Belar; Merry Bullock

89

NCCN Task Force Report: breast cancer in the older woman.  

PubMed

Breast cancer is common in older women, and the segment of the U.S. population aged 65 years and older is growing rapidly. Consequently, awareness is increasing of the need to identify breast cancer treatment recommendations to assure optimal, individualized treatment of older women with breast cancer. However, the development of these recommendations is limited by the heterogeneous nature of this population with respect to functional status, social support, life expectancy, and the presence of comorbidities, and by the underrepresentation of older patients with breast cancer in randomized clinical trials. The NCCN Breast Cancer in the Older Woman Task Force was convened to provide a forum for framing relevant questions on topics that impact older women with early-stage, locally advanced, and metastatic breast cancer. The task force is a multidisciplinary panel of 18 experts in breast cancer representing medical oncology, radiation oncology, surgical oncology, geriatric oncology, geriatrics, plastic surgery, and patient advocacy. All task force members were from NCCN institutions and were identified and invited solely by NCCN. Members were charged with identifying evidence relevant to their specific expertise. During a 2-day meeting, individual members provided didactic presentations; these presentations were followed by extensive discussions during which areas of consensus and controversy were identified on topics such as defining the "older" breast cancer patient; geriatric assessment tools in the oncology setting; attitudes of older patients with breast cancer and their physicians; tumor biology in older versus younger women with breast cancer; implementation of specific interventions in older patients with breast cancer, such as curative surgery, surgical axillary staging, radiation therapy, reconstructive surgery, endocrine therapy, chemotherapy, HER2-directed therapy, and supportive therapies; and areas requiring future studies. PMID:18597715

Carlson, Robert W; Moench, Susan; Hurria, Arti; Balducci, Lodovico; Burstein, Harold J; Goldstein, Lori J; Gradishar, William J; Hughes, Kevin S; Jahanzeb, Mohammad; Lichtman, Stuart M; Marks, Lawrence B; McClure, Joan S; McCormick, Beryl; Nabell, Lisle M; Pierce, Lori J; Smith, Mary Lou; Topham, Neal S; Traina, Tiffany A; Ward, John H; Winer, Eric P

2008-01-01

90

Report of the Task Force on Collision Hall Limitations  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force on Collision Hall Limitations met March 23--26, 1987, to obtain a greater understanding of the civil construction requirements for a large scale model SSC detector and to identify limitations, if any, on overall detector scale and individual detector components that may result from civil construction limitations. To this purpose the Task Force studied civil construction techniques and limitations for both deep sites and surface or near surface sites, developed limits and criteria for model detector assembly and servicing, developed a model detector assembly scenario, and estimated an overall schedule from initiation of the design of the experimental hall complex to the completion of the assembly of the model detector. Our conclusions apply only to facilities required to house experiments of the scale of the model detector studied. From our studies it is apparent that the experimental hall complex required for SSC-scale detectors can be constructed under a variety of assumptions regarding the eventual SSC site. There may be significant differences in the schedule and the cost of the experimental hall complex between surface and deep underground locations, with the deep underground, in general, being more expensive and requiring a longer time for construction. The difference in cost and schedule for the experimental facilities for housing the model detector between a surface site and a deep underground site may amount to $25M and two years.

NONE

1987-04-01

91

Joint Task Force in Reducing Human Trafficking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Master?s level thesis paper discusses the important topic of human trafficking. As this paper will explore, human trafficking is a very heinous crime that involves women, children and families and is a crime against humanity. It involves the illegal trading of human beings for personal gain in the form of forced labor, sexual exploitation and even slavery. Each and

Jessica M. Lopez

2012-01-01

92

Fight for Kufa: Task Force 2-37.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As coalition forces entered their second year of the war in Iraq, the Iron Dukes from Task Force 2d Battalion, 37th Armor (TF 2-37), attached to the 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment (ACR), headed toward the holy city of Najaf and its smaller sister city, Kufa,...

T. E. Walsh

2004-01-01

93

Effects of aging on force coordination in bimanual task performance.  

PubMed

We investigated within- and between-hands grip-load force coordination in both healthy young and older adult participants during bimanual tasks involving realistic actions. Age-related changes in manual behaviors such as grip force production and safety margins were expected in older adults. Within-hand grip-load coordination was expected to decrease with aging during the performance of dynamic actions, but not static actions. The effects of task and hand dominance on task performance were also evaluated. Grip force production increased with age; however, changes in fingertip frictional properties with aging increased the risk of object slip. Indices of within-hand grip-load coordination did not alter with age, but such indices were affected by task goals. The action of connecting two independent objects, particularly with rotational action, was associated with declines in all indices of within- and between-hands force coordination, independent of age. Evidence of task-specific differences in within-hand grip-load coordination in the current data set suggests that individual hand specification emerges and persists with age in everyday bimanual prehension tasks, independent of the action role assigned to the dominant and non-dominant hands. PMID:23852325

Gorniak, Stacey L; Alberts, Jay L

2013-07-14

94

Task Force on Teacher Education in Physics: Findings and Recommendations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In response to the national crisis in science education, including low performance in high school physical science and a critical shortage of highly qualified physics teachers, a National Task Force was convened to investigate the state of physics education in the United States. The Task Force spent one year collecting data from over 900 universities and conducting site visits at 13 universities that were identified as ``high producers'' of physics teachers. The final report of the Task Force will be published early in 2010 and will highlight the findings and recommendations that resulted from the study. In this presentation, the main findings and recommendations will be presented along with selected case studies that illustrate exemplary practices in physics and education departments.

Otero, Valerie

2010-03-01

95

Current methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF\\/Task Force) represents one of several efforts to take a more evidence-based approach to the development of clinical practice guidelines. As methods have matured for assembling and reviewing evidence and for translating evidence into guidelines, so too have the methods of the USPSTF. This paper summarizes the current methods of the third USPSTF,

Russell P. Harris; Mark Helfand; Steven H. Woolf; Kathleen N. Lohr; Cynthia D. Mulrow; Steven M. Teutsch; David Atkins

2001-01-01

96

Age-related changes in multi-finger interactions in adults during maximum voluntary finger force production tasks.  

PubMed

This study aimed to continue our characterization of finger strength and multi-finger interactions across the lifespan to include those in their 60s and older. Building on our previous study of children, we examined young and elderly adults during isometric finger flexion and extension tasks. Sixteen young and 16 elderly, gender-matched participants produced maximum force using either a single finger or all four fingers in flexion and extension. The maximum voluntary finger force (MVF), the percentage contributions of individual finger forces to the sum of individual finger forces during four-finger MVF task (force sharing), and the non-task finger forces during a task finger MVF task (force enslaving), were computed as dependent variables. Force enslaving during finger extension was greater than during flexion in both young and elderly groups. The flexion-extension difference was greater in the elderly than the young adult group. The greater independency in flexion may result from more frequent use of finger flexion in everyday manipulation tasks. The non-task fingers closer to a task finger produced greater enslaving force than non-task fingers farther from the task finger. The force sharing pattern was not different between age groups. Our findings suggest that finger strength decreases over the aging process, finger independency for flexion increases throughout development, and force sharing pattern remains constant across the lifespan. PMID:18762348

Oliveira, Marcio A; Hsu, Jeffrey; Park, Jaebum; Clark, Jane E; Shim, Jae Kun

2008-08-31

97

Age-related changes in multi-finger interactions in adults during maximum voluntary finger force production tasks  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to continue our characterization of finger strength and multi-finger interactions across the lifespan to include those in their sixties and older. Building on our previous study of children, we examined young and elderly adults during isometric finger flexion and extension tasks. Sixteen young and sixteen elderly, gender-matched subjects produced maximum force using either a single finger or all four fingers in flexion and extension. The maximum voluntary finger force (MVF), the percentage contributions of individual finger forces to the sum of individual finger forces during four-finger MVF task (force sharing), and the non-task finger forces during a task finger MVF task (force enslaving), were computed as dependent variables. Force enslaving during finger extension was greater than during flexion in both young and elderly groups. The flexion-extension difference was greater in the elderly than the young adult group. The greater independency in flexion may result from more frequent use of finger flexion in everyday manipulation tasks. The non-task fingers closer to a task finger produced greater enslaving force than non-task fingers farther from the task finger. The force sharing pattern was not different between age groups. Our findings suggest that finger strength decreases over the aging process, finger independency for flexion increases throughout development, and force sharing pattern remains constant across the lifespan.

Oliveira, Marcio A.; Hsu, Jeffrey; Park, Jaebum; Clark, Jane E.; Shim, Jae Kun

2008-01-01

98

The Effect of Force, Frequency and Gripping on Muscle Activity during a cyclic Push Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk factors for the development of upper extremity work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UE WMSD) include high repetition, high force, and the combination of high force and high repetition (Moore et al. 1991 ; Silverstein et al., 1986; Latko et al. , 1999). This study examined the muscle activity in the upper extremity during a repetitive pushing and gripping task with differing

Melissa M. Brown

2008-01-01

99

IN VACUUM UNDULATOR TASK FORCE REPORT  

SciTech Connect

The Green-Chasman lattice, which is the basis for both NSLS storage rings, was conceived with insertion devices in mind. Long, field-free straight sections were provided in the design. The electron optics were chosen so that these sections had zero dispersion and the effects of new magnetic structures placed in these regions would have minimal effect on the emittance of the electron beam. This design concept has been followed by all high-brightness rings which were built subsequent to the NSLS. The X-Ray Ring straight sections also have a very small vertical {beta} function, in addition to the zero dispersion. This was done to optimize the brightness of wiggler sources. There is a further benefit however. The {beta} function determines the beam size and divergence at a particular point in the storage ring lattice. The size is proportional to {radical}{beta} and the divergence is proportional to 1/{radical}{beta}. Thus the electron beam is very small at the center of the X-Ray Ring straight sections. In the initial development of the insertion device program, no specific advantage was taken of this feature. Of the eight straight sections in the X-Ray Ring lattice, five are readily available for magnetic insertion devices and the remaining three are dedicated to radio-frequency drive cavities (2) and injection (1).

HASTINGS,J.B.; KAO,C.C.; STEFAN,P.; BURLEY,S.; CARGILL,G.S.; CHANCE,M.; DIERKER,S.; HENDRICKSON,W.; EVANS-LUDERODT,K.; MAO,H.K.

1998-06-01

100

Oakland Crack Task Force: A Portrait of Community Mobilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Oakland Crack Task Force (OCTF) was created by concerned citizens to combat the problems caused by crack cocaine and ensure the future existence of the family, especially the black family, using community resources and no outside funding. Goals are to educate the community about crack; identify and access prevention, intervention, treatment,…

Sutton, Donald; Baker, Ralph F.

101

Task force on compliance and enforcement. Final report. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

Recommendations for measures to strengthen the FEA enforcement program in the area of petroleum price regulation are presented. Results of task force efforts are presented in report and recommendations sections concerned with pending cases, compliance program organization, enforcement powers, compliance strategy, and audit staffing and techniques. (JRD)

Not Available

1978-03-01

102

Repairing legitimacy after blacklisting by the Financial Action Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes how the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has blacklisted countries which it believes provide laws and practices conducive to money laundering; this blacklisting queries the legitimacy of the country or jurisdiction and its right to conduct financial business in the global environment. Shows how countries react to this challenge and regain legitimacy, and lists the countries concerned according to

Jackie Johnson

2003-01-01

103

President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The final report of the President's Task Force on Communications Policy recommends strengthened federal powers to form public policy in telecommunications. Such planned policy would enable the private sector to reach its full capacities in the field by improving regulation when it is necessary and removing unnecessary regulation. Monopoly of…

Rostow, Eugene V.

104

IASP Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first meeting of the IASP Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide took place in Venice on June 7, 1995. Several interested observers were present. It was decided that at the public IASP meeting the following day each speaker should address, briefly, the current legal situation and the pressure for change, as well as give a personal statement. David

Michael Kelleher; David Clark; Bob Goldney; Ad Kerkhof; Jerzy Wasserman; Hans Wedler

1995-01-01

105

Report of the Task Force on Facilities, Space and Equipment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report documents an investigation which was conducted to determine how the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) Library can best use its facilities, space, and equipment to meet the needs of users; provide a safe, comfortable workplace for staff; and house and protect its collections. The task force methodology is described, and…

California Univ., Santa Barbara. University Library.

106

Task Force on Compliance and Enforcement. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report of Chairman Stanley Sporkin is presented. Thirteen basic findings and conclusions are reviewed in order to determine what new measures are called for. The Task Force initiated its discussions on May 13 and its efforts were organized into 5 majo...

1977-01-01

107

Operation Ivy. Joint Task Force 132, 1952. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report covers the activities of the Joint Task Force 132 in Operation Ivy, in 1952 at Eniwetok Atoll. Shots Mike and King were detonated in conjunction with eleven experimental programs. This report describes the device, weapon, and experimental programs, giving as many preliminary conclusions as can be drawn from early analysis of the data.

Not Available

1985-09-01

108

Venous Ulcer Reappraisal: Insights from an International Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

An international task force made up of a panel of 16 experts was mandated to review and objectively evaluate all aspects of chronic venous disease of the leg. All available publications on chronic venous disease of the leg from 1983 to 1997 were identified through computerized search. Three different screenings were then performed in order to select only relevant papers

D. L. Clement

1999-01-01

109

Graduation Requirements. [An] NASSP Special Task Force Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report was prepared by a special task force of the National Association of Secondary School Principals to aid professional educators and community groups who may wish to consider possible changes in high school graduation requirements. The report discusses a number of issues surrounding graduation and offers some specific recommendations…

National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.

110

President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The final report of the President's Task Force on Communications Policy recommends strengthened federal powers to form public policy in telecommunications. Such planned policy would enable the private sector to reach its full capacities in the field by improving regulation when it is necessary and removing unnecessary regulation. Monopoly of…

Rostow, Eugene V.

111

Plan for conducting an international machine tool task force  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic objectives of the Machine Tool Task Force (MTTF) are to characterize and summarize the state of the art of cutting machine tool technology and to identify promising areas of future R and D. These goals will be accomplished with a series of multidisciplinary teams of prominent experts and individuals experienced in the specialized technologies of machine tools or

G. P. Sutton; E. R. McClure; J. F. Schuman

1978-01-01

112

Indian task force for celiac disease: current status  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are limited data on celiac disease (CD) from India. The limited knowledge about CD in India might be attributed to several factors. The first meeting of the Indian Task Force for Celiac Disease was held in the Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India in December 2008. The objectives of the meeting were to focus research on prevalence of CD

Rajesh Gupta; Duvvuru Nageshwar Reddy; Govind K Makharia; A. M. Sood; Balakrishnan S Ramakrishna; Surender Kumar Yachha; Babu Ram Thapa; Rupa Banerjee; Sekaran Anuradha; Usha Dutta; Amarender Singh Puri; Ajay Kumar Jain; Chris JJ Mulder; Ajay Kumar; Sesikeran Boindala

2009-01-01

113

Report of the Task Force on Access/Ownership Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the task force charged with defining and researching the issues related to access and ownership of materials at the University of Arizona library presents 23 short-and long-term recommendations in the following areas: (1) organization, including the establishment of separate staff units for access services and collection management…

Jones, Douglas; And Others

114

Need for Acute Psychiatric Beds in the Southern Tier: Report of the Southern Tier Psychiatric Task Force as Approved by the Finger Lakes Health Systems Agency Executive Committee.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Fingers Lake Health Systems Agency (FLHSA) Executive Committee authorized the establishment of the Southern Tier Psychiatric Task Force in 1979. The Task Force developed a quantitative estimate of the need for acute psychiatric inpatients beds and ide...

1981-01-01

115

Joint Task Force J3/J4: Directorate of Mobility Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper addresses how to strengthen mobility planning and execution in the Joint Task Force (JTF). It proposes a JTF J3/J4 directorate that manages all assigned and attached Defense Transportation System (DTS) mobility forces as well as those theater a...

P. M. Calvano

1999-01-01

116

Rotordynamic forces developed by labyrinth seals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous tasks have been completed in developing measurement and prediction techniques for accurately determining the fluid-structure-interaction forces on labyrinth seal rotors. The best facility has been designed, fabricated, and assembled; the drive mechanism and instrumentation system have been tested. Further, various improvements to the test apparatus have been implemented. Also, the development of two basic computational approaches for predicting seal

D. W. Childs; D. L. Rhode

1983-01-01

117

Report of the State Geothermal Resources Task Force, State of California  

SciTech Connect

The State Geothermal Resources Task Force has investigated the status of geothermal resources and development in California and in this report offers recommendations for overcoming obstacles facing increased utilization of this significant natural resource. For the most part, these recommendations are short-term solutions to immediate problems and would not radically change the roles of governmental agencies currently regulating geothermal development. The Task Force concludes that geothermal operations have been hindered by the lack of a statewide policy on geothermal development. This has resulted in instances where industry has been forced to comply with conflicting governmental policies toward geothermal energy development and environmental protection. The Task Force therefore recommends legislation establishing a statewide policy to encourage geothermal development consistent with environmental quality standards. In addition to geothermal resources suitable for the production of electrical power, California has extensive undeveloped hot water reservoirs suitable for direct thermal applications. The Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission and the US Geological Survey have concluded that these resources, if developed, could make a significant contribution to satisfying California's energy needs. The Task Force therefore recommends establishing a statewide policy to encourage the use of non-electric hot water geothermal resources for commercial and non-commercial uses where the development is consistent with environmental quality concerns.

Warburg, Judith; Kirkham, Bill; Hannon, Theodore

1978-06-01

118

U.S. Navy Task Force Climate Change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In May 2009, the Chief of Naval Operations established Task Force Climate Change (TFCC) to develop Navy policy, plans, and recommendations regarding future investments to adapt to the world's changing climate. With a near-term focus on the changing Arctic ocean and consequent increase in access to the region, TFCC has adopted a science-based approach in collaboration with other U.S. government agencies, international partners, industry, and academia. TFCC has developed two roadmaps that provide 5-year action plans for the Navy to address the Arctic and global climate change. Critical elements of both roadmaps are assessments of: (1) current and projected climate change, (2) resulting impacts to Naval missions and infrastructure, and (3) associated risks of not taking adaptation actions that are operationally, environmentally, and ecologically sustainable. Through TFCC, the Navy acknowledges the link between climate change and national security, and engages in extensive outreach and strategic communication to remain informed on the best climate science and promote public understanding and support regarding the Navy's climate change efforts.

Miller, T.; McBride, B.; St. John, C.

2011-12-01

119

Seeking a New Partnership: A Report of the Task Force on U.S. Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the Task Force on U.S. Community Colleges, established by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in 1994 to identify and develop specific ways in which community colleges might help implement USAID's strategies for sustainable development. Following introductory materials, including an…

Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC.

120

Functional neuroanatomy of mirroring during a unimanual force generation task.  

PubMed

Performance of a unimanual motor task often induces involuntary mirror electromyographic (EMG) activity in the opposite, resting hand. In spite of the ubiquitous presence of mirroring, little is known regarding the underlying cortical contributions. Here, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study brain regions activated in association with parametric increases in right isometric wrist flexion force (10%, 20%, 30%, and 70%) in 12 healthy volunteers. During scanning, EMG activity was recorded bilaterally from flexor carpi radialis (FCR), extensor carpi radialis (ECR), biceps brachii (BB), and triceps brachii (TB). Mirror EMG was observed in left FCR during 20%, 30%, and 70% of force. Left ECR, BB, and TB showed mirror EMG only at 70% of force. Increasing force was associated with a linear increase of blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal in bilateral primary motor cortex (M1), supplementary motor area (SMA), caudal cingulate, and cerebellum. Mirroring in the left FCR correlated with activity in bilateral M1, SMA, and the cerebellum. Overall, our results suggest that activity in these regions might reflect sensorimotor processes operating in association with mirroring and suggest caution when interpreting fMRI activity in studies that involve unilateral force generation tasks in the absence of simultaneous bilateral EMG/kinematics measurements. PMID:19435709

Sehm, B; Perez, M A; Xu, B; Hidler, J; Cohen, L G

2010-01-01

121

Task Force Examines U.S. Hurricane Research Agenda  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While U.S. federal, state, and local governments continue to debate what should be done, following the devastating 2005 hurricane season, to rebuild the Gulf Coast and to prevent future disasters, a task force of the U.S. National Science Board (NSB) has begun an effort to construct a national agenda for federally-sponsored hurricane research. At a 24 January meeting at the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) headquarters in Arlington,Va., task force members and government representatives examined current hurricane-related research conducted and supported by several federal agencies, identified gaps in understanding and future priorities, and discussed how these agencies can better coordinate their activities.

Zielinski, Sarah

2006-01-01

122

Final Report of the Simulation Optimization Task Force  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the ATLAS Simulation Optimization Task Force, establishedin June of 2007. This note justifies the selected Geant4 version, physics list, and range cuts to be used by the default ATLAS simulation for initial data taking and beyond. The current status of several projects, including detector description, simulation validation, studies of additional Geant4 parameters, and cavern background, are reported.

ATLAS Collaboration; Rimoldi, A.; Carli, T.; Dell'Acqua, A.; Froidevaux, D.; Gianotti, F.; Guyot, C.; Hinchliffe, I.; Jakobs, K.; Marshall, Z.; Nisati, A.; Quarrie, D.; Unal, G.; Young, C.

2008-12-15

123

Grip Force Coordination during Bimanual Tasks in Unilateral Cerebral Palsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate coordination of fingertip forces during an asymmetrical bimanual task in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). Method: Twelve participants (six males, six females; mean age 14y 4mo, SD 3.3y; range 9-20y;) with unilateral CP (eight right-sided, four left-sided) and 15 age-matched typically…

Islam, Mominul; Gordon, Andrew M.; Skold, Annika; Forssberg, Hans; Eliasson, Ann-Christin

2011-01-01

124

Setting New Standards, Reaching New Heights: A Report by the Governor's Advisory Task Force on Education and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the findings of a governor's task force charged with developing the mission and direction of education in Wisconsin. The document provides the background behind the formation of the task force and the role of education in the state's economy. It relates how education represents the state's largest expenditure and describes the…

Hanle, Robert C.

125

Definition and classification of power system stability IEEE\\/CIGRE joint task force on stability terms and definitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of defining and classifying power system stability has been addressed by several previous CIGRE and IEEE Task Force reports. These earlier efforts, however, do not completely reflect current industry needs, experiences and understanding. In particular, the definitions are not precise and the classifications do not encompass all practical instability scenarios. This report developed by a Task Force, set

P. Kundur; J. Paserba; V. Ajjarapu; G. Andersson; A. Bose; C. Canizares; N. Hatziargyriou; D. Hill; A. Stankovic; C. Taylor; T. Van Cutsem; V. Vittal

2004-01-01

126

Government Applications Task Force ground truth study of WAG 4  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Government Applications Task Force (GATF) Buried Waste Project. The project was initiated as a field investigation and verification of the 1994 Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program`s (SERDP) Buried Waste Identification Project results. The GATF project team included staff from three US Department of Energy (DOE) Laboratories [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), and the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC)] and from the National Exploitation Laboratory. Similar studies were conducted at each of the three DOE laboratories to demonstrate the effective use of remote sensing technologies. The three locations were selected to assess differences in buried waste signatures under various environmental conditions (i.e., climate, terrain, precipitation, geology, etc.). After a brief background discussion of the SERDP Project, this report documents the field investigation (ground truth) results from the 1994--1995 GATF Buried Waste Study at ORNL`s Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 4. Figures for this report are located in Appendix A.

Evers, T.K.; Smyre, J.L.; King, A.L.

1997-06-01

127

Integrating Education and Patient Care. Observations from the GME Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC) appointed a task force in November 1999 to examine how AAMC member institutions and others were developing, and could develop, new ways to integrate education and patient care. Mechanisms were identified that would aid in reorienting residency programs to education, rather than services. These…

Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

128

Sandia-Power Surety Task Force Hawaii foam analysis.  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Secretary of Defense (OSD) Power Surety Task Force was officially created in early 2008, after nearly two years of work in demand reduction and renewable energy technologies to support the Warfighter in Theater. The OSD Power Surety Task Force is tasked with identifying efficient energy solutions that support mission requirements. Spray foam insulation demonstrations were recently expanded beyond field structures to include military housing at Ft. Belvoir. Initial results to using the foam in both applications are favorable. This project will address the remaining key questions: (1) Can this technology help to reduce utility costs for the Installation Commander? (2) Is the foam cost effective? (3) What application differences in housing affect those key metrics? The critical need for energy solutions in Hawaii and the existing relationships among Sandia, the Department of Defense (DOD), the Department of Energy (DOE), and Forest City, make this location a logical choice for a foam demonstration. This project includes application and analysis of foam to a residential duplex at the Waikulu military community on Oahu, Hawaii, as well as reference to spray foam applied to a PACOM facility and additional foamed units on Maui, conducted during this project phase. This report concludes the analysis and describes the utilization of foam insulation at military housing in Hawaii and the subsequent data gathering and analysis.

McIntyre, Annie

2010-11-01

129

75 FR 57987 - Evaluation of the Groundwater Task Force Report: Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2010-0302] Evaluation of the Groundwater Task Force Report: Public Meeting AGENCY...involving radioactive contamination of groundwater wells and soils at nuclear power plants...Regulatory Commission (NRC) convened a Groundwater Task Force (GTF) in March 2010...

2010-09-23

130

Report of the Defense Science Board/Defense Policy Board Task Force On Theater Missile Defense.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report highlights the progress that the Task Force found in TMD since the Gulf War, but also raises concerns about current deficiencies The Task Force addressed the problem of coping with uncertainties about the future threat Its sensible recommendati...

1996-01-01

131

Hurricane Katrina Fraud Task Force: A Progress Report to the Attorney General, February 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On September 8, 2005, in the immediate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, United States Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales established the Hurricane Katrina Fraud Task Force. The Task Force is charged with deterring, detecting, and prosecuting unscrupulous...

2006-01-01

132

Drug Investigations Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force Program: A Coordinating Mechanism.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objectives of the review were to obtain information on how (1) individual Task Forces are organized and operated and (2) Task Force personnel resources are accounted for and managed. This briefing report provides information on the drug proble...

1986-01-01

133

Report of the Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force defined the roles, objectives, and goals of material control and material accounting within the domestic Safeguards Program for licensed strategic special nuclear material (SSNM). The Task Force then...

F. L. Crane W. D. Altman W. B. Brown R. J. Dube J. W. Hockert

1978-01-01

134

Report of the Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force. Volume 1. Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force defined the roles, objectives, and goals of material control and material accounting within the domestic Safeguards Program for licensed strategic special nuclear material (SSNM). The Task Force then...

F. L. Crane W. D. Altman W. B. Brown R. J. Dube J. W. Hockert

1978-01-01

135

National Task Force on Teacher Education in Physics: Report Synopsis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Except for a handful of isolated pockets of excellence, the national system of preparing physics teachers is largely inefficient, mostly incoherent, and massively unprepared to deal with the current and future needs of the nationâs students. Physics departments, schools of education, university administrators, school systems, state agencies, the federal government, as well as business and foundations, have indispensable collaborative roles to play so that every high school student has the opportunity to learn physics with a qualified teacher. This document provides a synopsis of the findings and recommendations of the National Task Force on Teacher Education in Physics.

Physics, National T.

2010-02-17

136

Final Recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force July 19, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to better meet our Nation's stewardship responsibilities for the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes, President Obama established the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force (Task Force) on June 12, 2009. The Task Force is composed of 24 senior-le...

2010-01-01

137

76 FR 76189 - Notice of Public Hearing-Fiscal Oversight Task Force Report & Recommendations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the public comment period; and (3) reactions to those comments submitted by Task Force...public comments previously submitted, and reactions to those comments from several Task Force...and a summary of Task Force members' reactions may be viewed online at...

2011-12-06

138

Indian Nations At Risk Task Force Business Meetings, 1990-91.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains detailed reports of the five business meetings held by the Indian Nations At Risk Task Force during 1990-91. At the initial meeting, Task Force members and interested parties clarified the goals and guiding principles of the Task Force's work. This work would include gathering data on the educational status of Indian…

Department of Education, Washington, DC. Indian Nations At Risk Task Force.

139

Force, frequency and gripping alter upper extremity muscle activity during a cyclic push task  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors, such as high repetition, high force and gripping play a role in the development of upper extremity work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The purpose of this study was to systematically examine the effects of push load and frequency on muscle activity with and without concurrent gripping. A total of 10 men and 10 women performed a cyclic bimanual pushing task. All

Peter J. Keir; Melissa M. Brown

2012-01-01

140

Society of Pediatric Psychology Task Force Report: Recommendations for the Training of Pediatric Psychologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To provide an overview of the types of training experiences considered most important to the development of competency in pediatric psychology. Methods This is the work of a task force commissioned by the Society of Pediatric Psychology, Division 54 of the American Psychological Association. Results Twelve topic areas, adapted from Roberts et al. (1998), deemed important for obtaining knowledge

Anthony Spirito; Ronald T. Brown; Eugene D'Angelo; Alan Delamater; James Rodrigue; Lawrence Siegel

2003-01-01

141

One Department Serving Rural America: HHS Rural Task Force Report to the Secretary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) created a rural task force to develop strategies to improve HHS services in rural communities. Fifteen HHS agencies have programs serving rural communities; child- and education-related programs provide child welfare services, Head Start, health promotion and prevention services, training…

Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.

142

Librarian Roles in Institutional Repository Data Set Collecting: Outcomes of a Research Library Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collection development role of the academic librarian in the research university library is increasingly subject to signi?cant change as opportunities to build new types of library collections proliferate, particularly with respect to research data. A Purdue Libraries task force was charged with building faculty-produced collections for a data repository prototype. One purpose of the project was to inventory and

Mark P Newton; Christopher C Miller; Marianne S. Bracke

2011-01-01

143

University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences' Distance Education Task Force. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) at the University of Florida formed a task force in mid-1995 to develop a comprehensive plan for using distance education in the next century. A questionnaire was sent to department chairs and research center directors at the university (59 responses) requesting information on how they would…

Florida Univ., Gainesville. Inst. of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

144

Black & Minority Health. Report of the Secretary's Task Force. Volume 1: Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume presents major findings and recommendations of the Department of Health and Human Service's (DHHS) Task Force on Black and Minority Health. The recommendations, which are based on data collected from a number of sources, are intended to guide DHHS in developing programs and policies that address the continuing disparity in the burden…

Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.

145

Report of the Task Force on the Planning and Coordination of Mental Health Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The establishment of a task force was authorized by the United Way to investigate the extent of coordinated mental health service planning and delivery in Summit County, Ohio. Historical developments in the field of mental health at the Federal, State, an...

E. W. Haley

1977-01-01

146

Content validity--establishing and reporting the evidence in newly developed patient-reported outcomes (PRO) instruments for medical product evaluation: ISPOR PRO Good Research Practices Task Force report: part 2--assessing respondent understanding.  

PubMed

The importance of content validity in developing patient reported outcomes (PRO) instruments is stressed by both the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency. Content validity is the extent to which an instrument measures the important aspects of concepts developers or users purport it to assess. A PRO instrument measures the concepts most relevant and important to a patient's condition and its treatment. For PRO instruments, items and domains as reflected in the scores of an instrument should be important to the target population and comprehensive with respect to patient concerns. Documentation of target population input in item generation, as well as evaluation of patient understanding through cognitive interviewing, can provide the evidence for content validity. Part 1 of this task force report covers elicitation of key concepts using qualitative focus groups and/or interviews to inform content and structure of a new PRO instrument. Building on qualitative interviews and focus groups used to elicit concepts, cognitive interviews help developers craft items that can be understood by respondents in the target population and can ultimately confirm that the final instrument is appropriate, comprehensive, and understandable in the target population. Part 2 details: 1) the methods for conducting cognitive interviews that address patient understanding of items, instructions, and response options; and 2) the methods for tracking item development through the various stages of research and preparing this tracking for submission to regulatory agencies. The task force report's two parts are meant to be read together. They are intended to offer suggestions for good practice in planning, executing, and documenting qualitative studies that are used to support the content validity of PRO instruments to be used in medical product evaluation. PMID:22152166

Patrick, Donald L; Burke, Laurie B; Gwaltney, Chad J; Leidy, Nancy Kline; Martin, Mona L; Molsen, Elizabeth; Ring, Lena

2011-10-10

147

Conference-EC-US Task Force Joint US-EU Workshop on Metabolomics and Environmental Biotechnology  

SciTech Connect

Since 1990, the EC-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research has been coordinating transatlantic efforts to guide and exploit the ongoing revolution in biotechnology and the life sciences. The Task Force was established in June 1990 by the European Commission and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. The Task Force has acted as an effective forum for discussion, coordination, and development of new ideas for the last 18 years. Task Force members are European Commission and US Government science and technology administrators who meet annually to enhance communication across the Atlantic, and to encourage collaborative research. Through sponsoring workshops, and other activities, the Task Force also brings together scientific leaders and early career researchers from both sides of the Atlantic to forecast research challenges and opportunities and to promote better links between researchers. Over the years, by keeping a focus on the future of science, the Task Force has played a key role in establishing a diverse range of emerging scientific fields, including biodiversity research, neuroinformatics, genomics, nanobiotechnology, neonatal immunology, transkingdom molecular biology, biologically-based fuels, and environmental biotechnology. The EC-US Task Force has sponsored a number of Working Groups on topics of mutual transatlantic interest. The idea to create a Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology research was discussed in the Task Force meeting of October 1993. The EC-US Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology set as its mission 'To train the next generation of leaders in environmental biotechnology in the United States and the European Union to work collaboratively across the Atlantic.' Since 1995, the Working Group supported three kinds of activities, all of which focus one early career scientists: (1) Workshops on the use of molecular methods and genomics in environmental biotechnology; (2) Short courses with theoretical, laboratory and field elements; and (3) Short term exchange fellowships. The short term exchange fellowships were created to enable young scientists to develop collaborations with colleagues across the Atlantic and to learn a new skill or expertise in the area of environmental biotechnology.

PI: Lily Y. Young Co-PI: Gerben J. Zylstra

2009-06-04

148

Grip force scaling and sequencing of events during a manipulative task in Huntington's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to investigate force regulation and sequencing of events in Huntington's disease (HD) patients when performing a drawer opening task using the precision grip. Results revealed that HD patients used excessive grip force levels that were unrelated to the actual task demands. Also, they demonstrated a higher grip force value at load force onset in

Deborah J Serrien; Jean-Marc Burgunder; Mario Wiesendanger

2001-01-01

149

78 FR 52560 - Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force-Rebuild-by-Design; Announcement of Selection of Design Teams  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5727-N-02] Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force--Rebuild-by-Design...Selection of Design Teams AGENCY: Hurricane Sandy Task Force, HUD. ACTION: Notice...SUMMARY: In June 2013, the Hurricane Sandy Task Force launched Rebuild...

2013-08-23

150

78 FR 59918 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering...of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering...of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of...

2013-09-30

151

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Report of the Task Force on Research in Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) convened a Task Force on Research in Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs). It developed specific recommendations for research in CVD epidemiology and CVD prevention, as well as...

1994-01-01

152

Comparing the Values Hierarchy of the Kentucky Department of Education's Character/Values Task Force. Comparing a Character/Values Task Force to a National Sample.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In March 1989, the Kentucky Department of Education assembled a task force to make recommendations regarding the issue of teaching values and character in public schools in Kentucky. The 23-member task force represented educators, parents, the legislature, state and local school boards, law enforcement agencies, higher education, Catholic…

Butler, Fonda P.

153

CONN-CEPT VII: A Connecticut Primer on Program Development for the Gifted and Talented. Task Force Report on Curriculum (1978 Revised Edition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide to curriculum development for gifted and talented students is intended for use in Connecticut local school districts and contains 14 author contributed articles. An introduction discusses program development in terms of goals, means, and evaluation. Articles have the following titles and authors (when given): "Curriculum for the Gifted"…

White, Alan J.; And Others

154

ACCF/AHA methodology for the development of quality measures for cardiovascular technology: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures.  

PubMed

Consistent with the growing national focus on healthcare quality, the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have taken a leadership role over the past decade in developing measures of the quality of cardiovascular care by convening a joint ACCF/AHA Task Force on Performance Measures. The Task Force is charged with identifying the clinical topics appropriate for the development of performance measures and with assembling writing committees composed of clinical and methodological experts in collaboration with appropriate subspecialty societies. The Task Force has also created methodology documents that offer guidance in the development of process, outcome, composite, and efficiency measures. Cardiovascular performance measures using existing ACCF/AHA methodology are based on Class I or Class III guidelines recommendations, usually with Level A evidence. These performance measures, based on evidence-based ACCF/AHA guidelines, remain the most rigorous quality measures for both internal quality improvement and public reporting. However, many of the tools for diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease involve advanced technologies, such as cardiac imaging, for which there are often no underlying guideline documents. Because these technologies affect the quality of cardiovascular care and also have the potential to contribute to cardiovascular health expenditures, there is a need for more critical assessment of the use of technology, including the development of quality and performance measures in areas in which guideline recommendations are absent. The evaluation of quality in the use of cardiovascular technologies requires consideration of multiple parameters that differ from other healthcare processes. The present document describes methodology for development of 2 new classes of quality measures in these situations, appropriate use measures and structure/safety measures. Appropriate use measures are based on specific indications, processes, or parameters of care for which high level of evidence data and Class I or Class III guideline recommendations may be lacking but are addressed in ACCF appropriate use criteria documents. Structure/safety measures represent measures developed to address structural aspects of the use of healthcare technology (e.g., laboratory accreditation, personnel training, and credentialing) or quality issues related to patient safety when there are neither guidelines recommendations nor appropriate use criteria. Although the strength of evidence for appropriate use measures and structure/safety measures may not be as strong as that for formal performance measures, they are quality measures that are otherwise rigorously developed, reviewed, tested, and approved in the same manner as ACCF/AHA performance measures. The ultimate goal of the present document is to provide direction in defining and measuring the appropriate use-avoiding not only underuse but also overuse and misuse-and proper application of cardiovascular technology and to describe how such appropriate use measures and structure/safety measures might be developed for the purposes of quality improvement and public reporting. It is anticipated that this effort will help focus the national dialogue on the use of cardiovascular technology and away from the current concerns about volume and cost alone to a more holistic emphasis on value. PMID:21875906

Bonow, Robert O; Douglas, Pamela S; Buxton, Alfred E; Cohen, David J; Curtis, Jeptha P; Delong, Elizabeth; Drozda, Joseph P; Ferguson, T Bruce; Heidenreich, Paul A; Hendel, Robert C; Masoudi, Frederick A; Peterson, Eric D; Taylor, Allen J

2011-08-29

155

Outcome of the First Electron Microscopy Validation Task Force Meeting  

PubMed Central

This Meeting Review describes the proceedings and conclusions from the inaugural meeting of the Electron Microscopy Validation Task Force organized by the Unified Data Resource for 3DEM (http://www.emdatabank.org) and held at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, NJ on September 28 and 29, 2010. At the workshop, a group of scientists involved in collecting electron microscopy data, using the data to determine three-dimensional electron microscopy (3DEM) density maps, and building molecular models into the maps explored how to assess maps, models, and other data that are deposited into the Electron Microscopy Data Bank and Protein Data Bank public data archives. The specific recommendations resulting from the workshop aim to increase the impact of 3DEM in biology and medicine.

Henderson, Richard; Sali, Andrej; Baker, Matthew L.; Carragher, Bridget; Devkota, Batsal; Downing, Kenneth H.; Egelman, Edward H.; Feng, Zukang; Frank, Joachim; Grigorieff, Nikolaus; Jiang, Wen; Ludtke, Steven J.; Medalia, Ohad; Penczek, Pawel A.; Rosenthal, Peter B.; Rossmann, Michael G.; Schmid, Michael F.; Schroder, Gunnar F.; Steven, Alasdair C.; Stokes, David L.; Westbrook, John D.; Wriggers, Willy; Yang, Huanwang; Young, Jasmine; Berman, Helen M.; Chiu, Wah; Kleywegt, Gerard J.; Lawson, Catherine L.

2012-01-01

156

IASP task force on euthanasia and assisted suicide.  

PubMed

The first meeting of the IASP Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide took place in Venice on June 7, 1995. Several interested observers were present. It was decided that at the public IASP meeting the following day each speaker should address, briefly, the current legal situation and the pressure for change, as well as give a personal statement. David Clark spoke for North America, Bob Goldney for Australia, Michael Kelleher for Britain and Ireland, Jerzy Wasserman for Scandinavia, and Hans Wedler for the German-speaking world. Their views are published in this article. Ad Kerkhof requested that the Dutch television film "Death on Request" be discussed. The committee was of the opinion that clear definitions were essential. In their view, these should take into account the differences between active and passive euthanasia, as well as between professionally assisted and lay-assisted suicide. PMID:8720516

Kelleher, M; Clark, D; Goldney, B; Kerkhof, A; Wasserman, J; Wedler, H

1995-01-01

157

NCCN Task Force Report: Bone Health in Cancer Care  

PubMed Central

Bone health and maintenance of bone integrity are important components of comprehensive cancer care in both early and late stages of disease. Risk factors for osteoporosis are increased in patients with cancer, including women with chemotherapy-induced ovarian failure, those treated with aromatase inhibitors for breast cancer, men receiving androgen-deprivation therapy for prostate cancer, and patients undergoing glucocorticoid therapy. The skeleton is a common site of metastatic cancer recurrence, and skeletal-related events are the cause of significant morbidity. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) convened a multidisciplinary task force on Bone Health in Cancer Care to discuss the progress made in identifying effective screening and therapeutic options for management of treatment-related bone loss; understanding the factors that result in bone metastases; managing skeletal metastases; and evolving strategies to reduce bone recurrences. This report summarizes presentations made at the meeting.

Gralow, Julie R.; Biermann, J. Sybil; Farooki, Azeez; Fornier, Monica N.; Gagel, Robert F.; Kumar, Rashmi N.; Shapiro, Charles L.; Shields, Andrew; Smith, Matthew R.; Srinivas, Sandy; Van Poznak, Catherine H.

2011-01-01

158

Contribution of the cerebellum to the coupling of grip force and pull force during an isometric precision grip task.  

PubMed

This study addresses the influence of the cerebellum on the performance of an isometric precision grip task. For the task, in which the process of "picking a raspberry" is simulated, grip force and pull force had to be increased linearly for a duration of 1-5 s (pull phase) to accomplish the task skillfully. The performance of 11 patients suffering from degenerative cerebellar disease was analyzed and compared with the performance of 11 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects. Patients with cerebellar disease showed systematic deviations of the pull force slope from a linear trend, dividing the pull phase into two intervals. After an initial sharp and brief increase of pull force (first interval), patients maintained the achieved pull force level almost constant without further increase (second interval). Although controls showed changes in the pull force slope also, they increased pull force during the whole pull phase. Coupling of grip force and pull force was analyzed using stochastic frontier analysis. This technique allows covariation of grip force and the resulting pull force to be analyzed depending on the variation of the grip force. In the patients, grip force and pull force were coupled efficiently only in the first interval. During the second interval, grip force was often exaggerated compared with pull force. In conclusion, patients with cerebellar diseases have difficulties in producing smooth isometric movements and in coupling grip force and pull force efficiently. PMID:21717230

Meindl, Tobias; Schmid, Barbara C; Timmann, Dagmar; Kolb, Florian P; Kutz, Dieter F

2012-03-01

159

Development of a Unified Code of Ethics for the Health Education Profession: A Report of the National Task Force on Ethics in Health Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development, over many years, of a unified code of ethics designed to represent the professional needs of various health education professionals working in the field. The code of ethics for the health education profession is included. It focuses on responsibility to: the public; the profession; employers; health education delivery:…

Capwell, Ellen M.; Smith, Becky J.; Shirreffs, Janet; Olsen, Larry K.

2000-01-01

160

Minutes and group memories from all NERBC/USGS-RPA power plant siting task force meetings through October, 1980. Appendix  

SciTech Connect

The New England River Basins Commission/United States Geological Survey-Resource Planning Analysis Office (NERBC/USGS-RPA) Power Plant Siting Task Force has formerly met seven times between July 1979 and August 1980. At the first meeting on July 13, 1979, the members agreed that there were many problems with the current process of selecting sites for power plants in New England, and that they would work by consensus to find solutions for these problems. At the second meeting on October 19, 1979, NERBC staff presented information on the site selection and approval processes in New England. The Task Force began a preliminary discussion of problems in these processes, and agreed that the initial scope of work of the Task Force would focus on issues in site selection. At the third meeting on January 18, 1980, the Task Force began initial discussions in three areas: imperfections in the site selection process, stakeholders in the site selection process, and principles to guide solutions to the problems in site selection. On March 7, 1980, at the fourth meeting, the Task Force continued discussions on imperfections, stakeholders, and principles. At the fifth meeting on May 2, 1980, the Task Force reached a wide range of agreements on the difficulties encountered in the site selection process and on the principles guiding problem solving in site selection. At the sixth meeting on May 29, 1980, the Task Force focused on solutions to the problems identified at earlier meetings. Groups of Task Force members constructed eight different scenarios describing alternative power plant siting processes. In July 1980, the Task Force met for the seventh time and refined the eight scenarios, paring them down to five. An attempt was made to develop two scenarios using the common elements from the five. One of these two graphic models was based on government involvement in the site selection process, and the other was based on stakeholder involvement in the process.

Not Available

1980-11-01

161

Rotordynamic forces developed by labyrinth seals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Numerous tasks have been completed in developing measurement and prediction techniques for accurately determining the fluid-structure-interaction forces on labyrinth seal rotors. The best facility has been designed, fabricated, and assembled; the drive mechanism and instrumentation system have been tested. Further, various improvements to the test apparatus have been implemented. Also, the development of two basic computational approaches for predicting seal rotor forces has been successfully completed. These consist of an improved but approximate analytical model and an extensive computer program incorporating the complete Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations. The latter model solves finite difference equations in predicting the two-dimensional (axisymmetric) compressible flow in a concentric-rotor labyrinth seal cavity. Details of a corresponding incompressible flow prediction are presented and discussed. The final numerical model will allow prediction of the desired three-dimensional, eccentric-rotor flow field and the associated rotordynamic forces.

Childs, D. W.; Rhode, D. L.

1983-10-01

162

Task Evaluation Form: Development Procedures for Non-Equipment-Oriented Tasks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains procedures for generating on-the-job training, task proficiency assessment instrument for non-equipment-oriented tasks. Application of these Task Evaluation Form (TEF) development procedures to a specific task result in a TEF which ...

R. Warm J. T. Roth J. A. Fitzpatrick

1986-01-01

163

Content validity--establishing and reporting the evidence in newly developed patient-reported outcomes (PRO) instruments for medical product evaluation: ISPOR PRO good research practices task force report: part 1--eliciting concepts for a new PRO instrument.  

PubMed

The importance of content validity in developing patient reported outcomes (PRO) instruments is stressed by both the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency. Content validity is the extent to which an instrument measures the important aspects of concepts that developers or users purport it to assess. A PRO instrument measures the concepts most significant and relevant to a patient's condition and its treatment. For PRO instruments, items and domains as reflected in the scores of an instrument should be important to the target population and comprehensive with respect to patient concerns. Documentation of target population input in item generation, as well as evaluation of patient understanding through cognitive interviewing, can provide the evidence for content validity. Developing content for, and assessing respondent understanding of, newly developed PRO instruments for medical product evaluation will be discussed in this two-part ISPOR PRO Good Research Practices Task Force Report. Topics include the methods for generating items, documenting item development, coding of qualitative data from item generation, cognitive interviewing, and tracking item development through the various stages of research and preparing this tracking for submission to regulatory agencies. Part 1 covers elicitation of key concepts using qualitative focus groups and/or interviews to inform content and structure of a new PRO instrument. Part 2 covers the instrument development process, the assessment of patient understanding of the draft instrument using cognitive interviews and steps for instrument revision. The two parts are meant to be read together. They are intended to offer suggestions for good practices in planning, executing, and documenting qualitative studies that are used to support the content validity of PRO instruments to be used in medical product evaluation. PMID:22152165

Patrick, Donald L; Burke, Laurie B; Gwaltney, Chad J; Leidy, Nancy Kline; Martin, Mona L; Molsen, Elizabeth; Ring, Lena

2011-10-13

164

The Workforce Task Force report: clinical implications for neurology.  

PubMed

The American Academy of Neurology Workforce Task Force (WFTF) report predicts a future shortfall of neurologists in the United States. The WFTF data also suggest that for most states, the current demand for neurologist services already exceeds the supply, and by 2025 the demand for neurologists will be even higher. This future demand is fueled by the aging of the US population, the higher health care utilization rates of neurologic services, and by a greater number of patients gaining access to the health care system due to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Uncertainties in health care delivery and patient access exist due to looming concerns about further Medicare reimbursement cuts. This uncertainty is set against a backdrop of Congressional volatility on a variety of issues, including the repeal of the sustainable growth rate for physician reimbursement. The impact of these US health care changes on the neurology workforce, future increasing demands, reimbursement, and alternative health care delivery models including accountable care organizations, nonphysician providers such as nurse practitioners and physician assistants, and teleneurology for both stroke and general neurology are discussed. The data lead to the conclusion that neurologists will need to play an even larger role in caring for the aging US population by 2025. We propose solutions to increase the availability of neurologic services in the future and provide other ways of meeting the anticipated increased demand for neurologic care. PMID:23783750

Freeman, William D; Vatz, Kenneth A; Griggs, Robert C; Pedley, Timothy

2013-06-19

165

Force Development during Target-Directed Isometric Force Production in Parkinson's Disease  

PubMed Central

Performing various daily activities requires precise application and control of forces, which has been well addressed in neurologically healthy individuals. Recent experiments have demonstrated that in young, normal subjects generating rapid force pulses over various force amplitudes was accomplished by linearly increasing the rate of force development while keeping time to peak force approximately constant (i.e., a pulse-height control strategy). Using Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients the present study examined whether PD patients use a pulse height control strategy during rapid and accurate isometric force production. Subjects were instructed to produce force pulses to three different target amplitudes (15%, 35%, & 55% of their maximal voluntary contractions) at their preferred speed and as fast as possible. When the task was performed as fast as possible, PD patients differed from controls by producing reduced rates of force development and prolonged times to peak force as a function of force amplitude. During performance of the task at preferred speed, which leaves the rate of force production unconstrained, PD patients did not show improved regulation of time to peak force in scaling different force amplitudes compared to controls. These results suggest that PD patients have a difficulty in utilizing a pulse-height control strategy and that such impairments are not dependent on speed.

Park, Jin-Hoon; Stelmach, George E.

2007-01-01

166

World Bank okays public interest in higher education A review of Higher Education in Developing Countries: Peril and Promise, Task Force on Higher Education and Society (Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 2000)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay review discusses the report of The Task Force on Higher Education and Society (TFHES), convened in 1998 by the World Bank but independently financed and staffed in collaboration with UNESCO and several foundations. Peril and Promise marks an historic turning point in the framework for postsecondary educational planning. Rate-of-return analysis has been de-emphasized, while promotion of the public

DAVID POST; LUTITIA CLIPPER; D. ENKHBAATAR; ANITRA MANNING; THOMAS RILEY; HUSAM ZAMAN

167

Coordinated force production in multi-finger tasks: finger interaction and neural network modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

During maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) with several fingers, the following three phenomena are observed: (1) the total\\u000a force produced by all the involved fingers is shared among the fingers in a specific manner (sharing); (2) the force produced by a given finger in a multi-finger task is smaller than the force generated by this finger in a\\u000a single-finger task (force

Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky; Zong-Ming Li; Mark L. Latash

1998-01-01

168

An institution-wide handoff task force to standardize and improve physician handoffs  

PubMed Central

Background Transfers of care have become increasingly frequent and complex with shorter inpatient stays and changes in work hour regulations. Potential hazards exist with transfers. There are few reports of institution-wide efforts to improve handoffs. Methods Our institution developed a hospital-wide physician handoff task force to proactively address issues surrounding handoffs and to ensure a consistent approach to handoffs across the institution. Results In this report, we discuss our experiences with handoff standardization, provider utilization of a new electronic medical record-based handoff tool, and implementation of an educational curriculum; our future work in developing hospital wide policies and procedures for transfers; and our consensus agreement on best methods for monitoring and evaluation of trainee handoffs. Conclusion The handoff task force infrastructure has enabled us to take an institution-wide approach to improving handoffs. The task force has improved patient care by addressing handoffs systematically and consistently and has helped create new strategies for minimizing risk in handoffs.

Horwitz, Leora I.; Schuster, Kevin M.; Thung, Stephen F.; Hersh, David C.; Fisher, Rosemarie L.; Shah, Nidhi; Cushing, William; Nunes, Judy; Silverman, David G.; Jenq, Grace Y.

2012-01-01

169

The sources of two components of variance: an example of multifinger cyclic force production tasks at different frequencies.  

PubMed

In a multifinger cyclic force production task, the finger force variance measured across trials can be decomposed into two components, one that affects the combined force output ("bad variance") and one that does not ("good variance"). Previous studies have found similar time patterns of "bad variance" and force rate leading to an approximately linear relationship between them. Based on this finding and a recently developed model of multifinger force production, we expected the "bad variance" during cyclic force production to increase monotonically with the rate of force change, both within a cycle and across trials at different frequencies. Alternatively, "bad variance" could show a dependence on task frequency, not on actual force derivative values. Healthy subjects were required to produce cyclic force patterns to prescribed targets by pressing on unidimensional force sensors, at a frequency set by a metronome. The task was performed with only the index finger, and with all four fingers. In the task with all four fingers, the "good variance" increased approximately linearly with an increase in the force magnitude. The "bad variance" showed within-a-cycle modulation similar to that of the force rate. However, an increase in the frequency did not lead to an increase in the "bad variance" that could be expected based on the natural relationships between action frequency and the rate of force change modulation. The results have been interpreted in the framework of an earlier model of multifinger force production where "bad variance" is a result of variance of the timing parameter. The unexpected lack of modulation of the "bad variance" with frequency suggests a drop in variance of the timing parameter with increased frequency. This mechanism may serve to maintain a constant acceptable level of variance under different conditions. PMID:19468721

Friedman, Jason; Skm, Varadhan; Zatsiorsky, Vladimir M; Latash, Mark L

2009-05-26

170

Task Force 1. Report of the Task Force on Patient Expectations, Core Values, Reintegration, and the New Model of Family Medicine  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND To lay the groundwork for the development of a comprehensive strategy to transform and renew the specialty of family medicine, this Future of Family Medicine task force was charged with identifying the core values of family medicine, developing proposals to reform family medicine to meet consumer expectations, and determining systems of care to be delivered by family medicine in the future. METHODS A diverse, multidisciplinary task force representing a broad spectrum of perspectives and expertise analyzed and discussed published literature; findings from surveys, interviews, and focus groups compiled by research firms contracted to the Future of Family Medicine project; and analyses from The Robert Graham Center, professional societies in the United States and abroad, and others. Through meetings, conference calls, and writing, and revision of a series of subcommittee reports, the entire task force reached consensus on its conclusions and recommendations. These were reviewed by an external panel of experts and revisions were made accordingly. MAJOR FINDINGS After delivering on its promise to reverse the decline of general practice in the United States, family medicine and the nation face additional challenges to assure all people receive care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable. Challenges the discipline needs to address to improve family physicians’ ability to make important further contributions include developing a broader, more accurate understanding of the specialty among the public and other health professionals, addressing the wide scope and variance in practice types within family medicine, winning respect for the specialty in academic circles, making family medicine a more attractive career option, and dealing with the perception that family medicine is not solidly grounded in science and technology. The task force set forth a proposed identity statement for family medicine, a basket of services that should be reliably provided in family medicine practices, and an itemization of key attributes and core values that define the specialty. It also proposed and described a New Model of family medicine for people of all ages and both genders that emphasizes patient-centered, evidence-based, whole-person care provided through a multidisciplinary team approach in settings that reduce barriers to access and use advanced information systems and other new technologies. The task force recommended a time of active experimentation to redesign the work and workplace of family physicians; the development of revised financial models for family medicine, and a national resource to provide assistance to individual practices moving to New Model practice; and cooperation with others pursuing the transformation of frontline medicine to better serve the public. CONCLUSIONS Unless there are changes in the broader health care system and within the specialty, the position of family medicine in the United States will be untenable in a 10- to 20-year time frame. Even within the constraints of today’s flawed health care system, there are major opportunities for family physicians to realize improved results for patients and economic success. A period of aggressive experimentation and redevelopment of family medicine is needed now. The future success of the discipline and its impact on public well-being depends in large measure on family medicine’s ability to rearticulate its vision and competencies in a fashion that has greater resonance with the public while substantially revising the organization and processes by which care is delivered. When accomplished, family physicians will achieve more fully the aspirations articulated by the specialty’s core values and contribute to the solution of the nation’s serious health care problems.

Green, Larry A.; Graham, Robert; Bagley, Bruce; Kilo, Charles M.; Spann, Stephen J.; Bogdewic, Stephen P.; Swanson, John

2004-01-01

171

Cancer classification using the Immunoscore: a worldwide task force  

PubMed Central

Prediction of clinical outcome in cancer is usually achieved by histopathological evaluation of tissue samples obtained during surgical resection of the primary tumor. Traditional tumor staging (AJCC/UICC-TNM classification) summarizes data on tumor burden (T), presence of cancer cells in draining and regional lymph nodes (N) and evidence for metastases (M). However, it is now recognized that clinical outcome can significantly vary among patients within the same stage. The current classification provides limited prognostic information, and does not predict response to therapy. Recent literature has alluded to the importance of the host immune system in controlling tumor progression. Thus, evidence supports the notion to include immunological biomarkers, implemented as a tool for the prediction of prognosis and response to therapy. Accumulating data, collected from large cohorts of human cancers, has demonstrated the impact of immune-classification, which has a prognostic value that may add to the significance of the AJCC/UICC TNM-classification. It is therefore imperative to begin to incorporate the ‘Immunoscore’ into traditional classification, thus providing an essential prognostic and potentially predictive tool. Introduction of this parameter as a biomarker to classify cancers, as part of routine diagnostic and prognostic assessment of tumors, will facilitate clinical decision-making including rational stratification of patient treatment. Equally, the inherent complexity of quantitative immunohistochemistry, in conjunction with protocol variation across laboratories, analysis of different immune cell types, inconsistent region selection criteria, and variable ways to quantify immune infiltration, all underline the urgent requirement to reach assay harmonization. In an effort to promote the Immunoscore in routine clinical settings, an international task force was initiated. This review represents a follow-up of the announcement of this initiative, and of the J Transl Med. editorial from January 2012. Immunophenotyping of tumors may provide crucial novel prognostic information. The results of this international validation may result in the implementation of the Immunoscore as a new component for the classification of cancer, designated TNM-I (TNM-Immune).

2012-01-01

172

White House Task Force on the Middle Class. Annual Report, February 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The White House Task Force on the Middle Class, chaired by Vice President Joe Biden, was created by President Obama a little more than one year ago, shortly after the Administration took office. The mission of the Task Force, as stated in the Executive Or...

2010-01-01

173

The American Psychological Association Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls: A Review, Update and Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006 the American Psychological Association formed the Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. They were charged with examining and summarizing the best psychological theory, research and clinical experience addressing the sexualization of girls. This article provides an outline of the Task Force report, reviews the recent work in this field, and discusses the implications for study in the

Linda Hatch

2011-01-01

174

78 FR 46671 - Membership on the Presidential Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Presidential Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking By virtue of the authority vested in...the Presidential Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking, established by Section 2 of the Executive...for Civilian Security, Democracy and Human Rights, and in the Under...

2013-08-01

175

Report of the Task Force on Suspensions and Expulsions [to the Joint Legislative Committee on Education].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Magnitude of disciplinary problems prompted the Louisiana State Legislature to authorize the continuance of the Task Force on Suspensions and Expulsions to further study the problems associated with said suspensions and expulsions and to evaluate the efforts of the former Task Force: during the 1972-73 academic year, a total of approximately…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Bureau of Technical Assistance.

176

Initial Report of the Task Force on Cultural Competence Education in the Health Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes the findings and recommendations of the Task Force on Cultural Competence Education and represents the distillation of the Task Force's efforts to fulfill its legislative charge. The report is intended to facilitate a statewide conversation about the health services provided to New Mexico's multicultural citizenry. It…

New Mexico Higher Education Department, 2007

2007-01-01

177

Credentialing Educational Accomplishment. Report and Recommendations of the Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials of the American Council on Education undertook a two-year study to determine how postsecondary education's system for awarding credit and credentials can be changed or its adequacy improved to meet today's educational and social needs. This book sets forth the Task Force's report and…

Miller, Jerry W., Ed.; Mills, Olive, Ed.

178

Annex to the Report of the Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Not later than 12 months after the date on which all members of the task force have been appointed, the task force shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report recommending ways by which the Department of Defense and the Department of the Army and th...

2009-01-01

179

Task Force on the Role and Future of Minorities American Educational Research Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines each section of the Task Force on the Role and Future of Minorities' 1996 report that was delivered to the American Education Research Association (AERA) Council. Discusses Historical Context of Diversity Efforts in AERA; Changing Demographics, Epistemologies, and Ideologies; Inventory of Concerns; and Task Force Recommendations. (GR)|

Gordon, Edmund W.

1997-01-01

180

Credentialing Educational Accomplishment. Report and Recommendations of the Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials of the American Council on Education undertook a two-year study to determine how postsecondary education's system for awarding credit and credentials can be changed or its adequacy improved to meet today's educational and social needs. This book sets forth the Task Force's report and…

Miller, Jerry W., Ed.; Mills, Olive, Ed.

181

Art of Command and Control in Mechanized Task Force Offensive Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The command and control of fast-moving, offensive operations of a mechanized task force remains a formidable problem in today's Army at the battalion/task force and brigade levels. This study project reviews the art of command and control as practiced thr...

W. B. Garber

1986-01-01

182

Curriculum Recommendations of the AACP-PSSC Task Force on Caring for the Underserved  

PubMed Central

A task force was convened by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) and the Pharmaceutical Services Support Center (PSSC) and charged with the development of a curriculum framework to guide pharmacy programs in educating students on caring for the underserved. Utilizing a literature-based model, the task force constructed a framework that delineated evidence-based practice, clinical prevention and health promotion, health systems and policy, and community aspects of practice. Specific learning outcomes tailored to underserved populations were crafted and linked to resources readily available to the academy. The AACP-PSSC curriculum framework was shared with the academy in 2007. Schools and Colleges are urged to share experiences with implementation so that the impact of the tool can be evaluated. The task force recommends that the AACP Institutional Research Advisory Committee be involved in gathering assessment data. Implementation of the curriculum framework can help the academy fulfill the professional mandate to proactively provide the highest quality care to all, including underserved populations.

Roche, Victoria F.; Assemi, Mitra; Conry, John M.; Shane-McWhorter, Laura; Sorensen, Todd D.

2008-01-01

183

The report of the Joint Task Force on Uranium Recycle Materials Processing  

SciTech Connect

A Joint Task Force on Uranium Recycle Materials Processing was assembled by the Department of Energy (DOE) to study past and current practices relating to the processing of uranium recycle materials at DOE's Feed Materials Production Center (FMPC), Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, and the DOE operations at the RMI Company. The DOE facilities providing the uranium recycle material and selected end users of the recycle material were reviewed in a cursory manner. The Task Force determined that uranium recycle material produced by the DOE reprocessing sites will always contain trace levels of transuranics (e.g., plutonium and neptunium) and fission product (e.g., strontium and cesium) elements. However, the DOE processing sites such as the FMPC, Y-12 and RMI Company can safely handle and further process the recycle material if a clear understanding of the contaminant levels exists and available technology is utilized to assure environmental, safety, and health protection of both the plant worker and the general public. Irrespective of past practices, the Task Force judged that more attention should be given to the processing of uranium recycle material. The primary recommendation from this study is to develop formal specifications on maximum permissible levels of contaminants in feed materials. 6 figs., 18 tabs.

Not Available

1985-09-01

184

Guidelines for Cognitive Behavioral Training within Doctoral Psychology Programs in the United States: Report of the Inter-Organizational Task Force on Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology Doctoral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies initiated an interorganizational task force to develop guidelines for integrated education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology at the doctoral level in the United States. Fifteen task force members representing 16 professional associations participated in a yearlong series of…

Klepac, Robert K.; Ronan, George F.; Andrasik, Frank; Arnold, Kevin D.; Belar, Cynthia D.; Berry, Sharon L.; Christofff, Karen A.; Craighead, Linda W.; Dougher, Michael J.; Dowd, E. Thomas; Herbert, James D.; McFarr, Lynn M.; Rizvi, Shireen L.; Sauer, Eric M.; Strauman, Timothy J.

2012-01-01

185

Task Evaluation Form: Development Procedures for Maintenance and Equipment-Oriented Tasks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains procedures for generating on-the-job training, task proficiency assessment instruments for maintenance and equipment-oriented tasks. Application of these Task Evaluation Form (TEF) development procedures to a specific procedures to ...

R. Warm J. T. Roth

1986-01-01

186

Analysis of indeterminate contact forces in robotic grasping and contact tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we analyze indeterminate contact forces in robotic grasping and contact tasks. Previous studies by Omata and Nagata showed that there is a constraint on static friction forces, which is derived from contact kinematics, in rigid-body power grasps. The set of possible contact forces can be calculated using the constraint. This approach can be applied to not only

Yusuke Maeda; Koutarou Oda; Satoshi Makita

2007-01-01

187

Cognitive Task Analysis and Intelligent Computer-Based Training Systems: Lessons Learned from Coached Practice Environments in Air Force Avionics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes some results of a collaborative effort between the University of Pittsburgh and the Air Force to develop advanced troubleshooting training for F-15 maintenance technicians. The focus is on the cognitive task methodology used in the development of three intelligent tutoring systems to inform their instructional content and…

Katz, Sandra N.; Hall, Ellen; Lesgold, Alan

188

Establishing a Communications Officer Force Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Senior Air Force leaders tout its Airmen as its most important asset. Nonetheless, Airmen take a back seat to acquisition programs, Battle Dress Uniform redesigns, and fitness uniform procurement. In 2003, the Air Force launched the force development prog...

B. J. Jenrette

2006-01-01

189

TMI-2 Lessons Learned Task Force status report and short-term recommendations  

SciTech Connect

Review of the Three Mile Island accident by the TMI-2 Lessons Learned Task Force has disclosed a number of actions in the areas of design and analysis and plant operations that the Task Force recommends be required in the short term to provide substantial additional protection which is required for the public health and safety. All nuclear power plants in operation or in various stages of construction or licensing action are affected to varying degrees by the specific recommendations. The Task Force is continuing work in areas of general safety criteria, systems design requirements, nuclear power plant operations, and nuclear power plant licensing.

Not Available

1979-07-01

190

Muscle coordination and force variability during static and dynamic tracking tasks.  

PubMed

This study examined muscular activity patterns of extensor and flexor muscles and variability of forces during static and dynamic tracking tasks using compensatory and pursuit display. Fourteen volunteers performed isometric actions in two conditions: (i) a static tracking task consisting of flexion/pronation, ulnar deviation, extension/supination and radial deviation of the wrist at 20% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), and (ii) a dynamic tracking task aiming at following a moving target at 20% MVC in the four directions of contraction. Surface electromyography (SEMG) from extensor carpi ulnaris, extensor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris and flexor digitorum superficialis muscles and exerted forces in the transverse and sagittal plane were recorded. Normalized root mean square and mutual information (index of functional connectivity within muscles) of SEMGs and the standard deviation and sample entropy of force signals were extracted. Larger SEMG amplitudes were found for the dynamic task (p<.05), while normalized mutual information between muscle pairs was larger for the static task (p<.05). Larger size of variability (standard deviation of force) concomitant with smaller sample entropy was observed for the dynamic task compared with the static task (p<.01 for both). These findings underline a rescaling of the muscles' respective contribution influencing force variability relying on feedback and feed-forward control strategies in relation to display modes during static and dynamic tracking tasks. PMID:21549442

Svendsen, Jacob H; Samani, Afshin; Mayntzhusen, Klaus; Madeleine, Pascal

2011-05-05

191

Task Force on Safer Childhood Vaccines: Final Report and Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report distills evaluations and discussions by a group of public health expects on the topic of vaccine safety. The broad scope of the congressionally mandated charge forced equally broad analysis,congruent with other congressionally mandated actions...

2001-01-01

192

77 FR 61573 - Science Advisory Board Satellite Task Force; Availability of Draft Report and Request for Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 0648-XC276 Science Advisory Board Satellite Task Force; Availability of Draft Report...availability of the draft report of the SAB Satellite Task Force (here called the SATTF...2011. The NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service...

2012-10-10

193

Tumbling 'Component Walls' in Contingency Operations: A Trumpet's Blare for Sanding Joint Task Force Headquarters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The principle aim of this study is to determine if further unification of service components below the combatant CINC level is required. More specifically, do the combatant CINC's require a standing joint task force (JTF) headquarters to provide operation...

J. C. Coleman

1991-01-01

194

Task Force Report for Revision of State Plan for Mental Health Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

State planning for mental health services is addressed in a report prepared by the South Central Connecticut Regional Mental Health Planning Council. A task force was established to work on an ongoing basis to obtain information about mental health resour...

1972-01-01

195

Defending Childhood: Report of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To prepare this report, the Attorney General commissioned a task force of diverse leaders dedicated to protecting children from exposure to violence and to healing those who were exposed. The report calls for action by the federal government, states, trib...

2011-01-01

196

Report of the Joint Interim Task Force on Emergency Medical Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Summary of recommendations (Task force assignment, Policy statement, Proposed legislation, Recommendations for future study); A background discussion (A systems approach, The Federal Act, EMS in Oregon, Local EMS activities, EMS funding, EMS per...

1978-01-01

197

NATO Operations in the Former Yugoslavia: Prototyping the Combined Joint Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NATO Alliance's aspirations for a broader future security role are packaged in a structural initiative: the Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF). CJTF is designed to provide a mechanism for crisis response and peacekeeping operations conducted beyond Alli...

C. P. Good

1996-01-01

198

Communicating with New and Existing Markets. A Task Force of Howard Community College's 1998-1999 Commission on the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a report from a task force formed by Howard Community College (Maryland) to examine existing and future markets. The task force also explored ways to use marketing strategies to attract potential customers to the college. The task force recommends that the college use its strengths to attract customers, such as its commitment to open…

Howard Community Coll., Columbia, MD.

199

Those Who Served: Report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Policies Toward Veterans. Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Veterans' policies and programs are examined by a task force of the Twentieth Century Fund. Part 1, the report of the task force, includes sections on the rationale for veterans benefits, recommendations for further benefits and programs, and a dissenting opinion by one task force member. Recommendations are summarized into five basic areas: (1)…

Taussig, Michael K.

200

Family pediatrics: report of the Task Force on the Family.  

PubMed

WHY A TASK FORCE ON THE FAMILY? The practice of pediatrics is unique among medical specialties in many ways, among which is the nearly certain presence of a parent when health care services are provided for the patient. Regardless of whether parents or other family members are physically present, their influence is pervasive. Families are the most central and enduring influence in children's lives. Parents are also central in pediatric care. The health and well-being of children are inextricably linked to their parents' physical, emotional and social health, social circumstances, and child-rearing practices. The rising incidence of behavior problems among children attests to some families' inability to cope with the increasing stresses they are experiencing and their need for assistance. When a family's distress finds its voice in a child's symptoms, pediatricians are often parents' first source for help. There is enormous diversity among families-diversity in the composition of families, in their ethnic and racial heritage, in their religious and spiritual orientation, in how they communicate, in the time they spend together, in their commitment to individual family members, in their connections to their community, in their experiences, and in their ability to adapt to stress. Within families, individuals are different from one another as well. Pediatricians are especially sensitive to differences among children-in their temperaments and personalities, in their innate and learned abilities, and in how they view themselves and respond to the world around them. It is remarkable and a testament to the effort of parents and to the resilience of children that most families function well and most children succeed in life. Family life in the United States has been subjected to extensive scrutiny and frequent commentary, yet even when those activities have been informed by research, they tend to be influenced by personal experience within families and by individual and cultural beliefs about how society and family life ought to be. The process of formulating recommendations for pediatric practice, public policy, professional education, and research requires reaching consensus on some core values and principles about family life and family functioning as they affect children, knowing that some philosophic disagreements will remain unresolved. The growing multicultural character of the country will likely heighten awareness of our diversity. Many characteristics of families have changed during the past 3 to 5 decades. Families without children younger than 18 years have increased substantially, and they are now the majority. The average age at marriage has increased, and a greater proportion of births is occurring to women older than 30 years. Between 1970 and 2000, the proportion of children in 2-parent families decreased from 85% to 69%, and more than one quarter (26%) of all children live with a single parent, usually their mother. Most of this change reflects a dramatic increase in the rate of births to unmarried women that went from 5.3% in 1960 to 33.2% in 2000. Another factor in this change is a slowly decreasing but still high divorce rate that is roughly double what it was in the mid-1950s. Family income is strongly related to children's health, and the financial resources that families have available are closely tied to changes in family structure. Family income in real dollars has trended up for many decades, but the benefits have not been shared equally. For example, the median income of families with married parents has increased by 146% since 1970, but female-headed households have experienced a growth of 131%. More striking is that in 2000, the median income of female-headed households was only 47% of that of married-couple families and only 65% of that of families with 2 married parents in which the wife was not employed. Not surprising, the proportion of children who live in poverty is approximately 5 times greater for female-headed families than for married-couple families. The comped families than for married-c

Schor, Edward L

2003-06-01

201

Multisociety Task Force for Critical Care Research: Key Issues and Recommendations  

PubMed Central

Background: Research in critical care extends from the bench to the bedside, involving multiple departments, specialties, and funding organizations. Because of this diversity, it has been difficult for all stakeholders to collectively identify challenges and establish priorities. Objective: To define a comprehensive agenda for critical care research using input from a broad range of stakeholders to serve as a blueprint for future initiatives. Methods: The Critical Care Societies Collaborative (CCSC), consisting of the leadership of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN), the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), joined the U.S. Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group (USCIITG) in forming a task force to define a comprehensive critical care research agenda. This group of 25 identified experts was divided into subgroups to address basic, translational, clinical, implementation, and educational research. The subgroups met via conference calls, and the entire task force met in person for a 2-day session. The result was a detailed discussion of the research priorities that served as the basis for this report. Results: The task force identified challenges, specific priority areas, and recommendations for process improvements to support critical care research. Additionally, four overarching themes emerged: (1) the traditional “silo-ed” approach to critical care research is counterproductive and should be modified; (2) an approach that more effectively links areas of research (i.e., basic and translational research, or clinical research and implementation) should be embraced; (3) future approaches to human research should account for disease complexity and patient heterogeneity; and (4) an enhanced infrastructure for critical care research is essential for future success. Conclusions: This document contains the themes/recommendations developed by a large, multiprofessional cross-section of critical care scientists, clinicians, and educators. It provides a unique framework for future research in critical care medicine.

Deutschman, Clifford S.; Ahrens, Tom; Cairns, Charles B.; Sessler, Curtis N.; Parsons, Polly E.

2012-01-01

202

Trends Important to the California Community Colleges. A Technical Paper for the 2005 Task Force of the Chancellor's Consultation Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demographic, economic, and social trends were examined in order to assist the 2005 Task Force of the Chancellor's Consultation Council develop strategies to address expected changes California will undergo between 1997 and 2005. Arranged by five categories, the trends most important to community colleges appeared to be: (1) demographic: emerging…

McIntyre, Chuck

203

Planning a Family Policy for California: First Year Report of the Joint Select Task Force on the Changing Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication presents the findings of a California State Legislature task force on the changing needs of that state's families. An introduction summarizes the report's findings and lists five principles to guide the development of public policy. The next section, "Work and Family: The Contemporary Balancing Act," explores contemporary…

Novick, Sherry; And Others

204

FACULTY PARTICIPATION IN ACADEMIC GOVERNANCE. REPORT OF THE AAHE TASK FORCE ON FACULTY REPRESENTATION AND ACADEMIC NEGOTIATIONS, CAMPUS GOVERNANCE PROGRAM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A NINE-MEMBER TASK FORCE STUDIED FACULTY-ADMINISTRATION RELATIONS AT 28 PUBLIC AND SIX PRIVATE COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES WHERE MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS IN FACULTY GOVERNANCE WERE TAKING PLACE. MAJOR OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO EXAMINE FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO FACULTY UNREST AND TO RECOMMEND PROCEDURES FOR IMPROVING FACULTY PARTICIPATION IN CAMPUS…

WEBER, ARNOLD R.; AND OTHERS

205

Action in the States: Progress toward Education Renewal. A Report by the Task Force on Education for Economic Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report reviews recent state initiatives in education reform, including state legislation, state programs, and decisions by state boards of education. The initiatives have been organized according to the eight recommendations for improvement made by the Task Force on Education for Economic Growth. These recommendations were to (1) develop

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. Task Force on Education for Economic Growth.

206

A systematic approach to combat healthcare improvement: task force 62 medical brigade combat healthcare support system model.  

PubMed

An organization's mission, vision, and values are just words-intangible concepts, unactionable directives, and inconsequential thoughts. Without the emphasis, energy, and a defined process and framework, the words have little meaning to the organization. Task Force 62 created this organizational vision and communications strategy through a tested model based on Kaplan and Norton's continuing studies on organizational strategy. The task force accomplished its strategy only by overcoming the most difficult hurdle in changing organizational culture-accepting change. Over time, the staff evolved from compliance to commitment to the culture of process improvement and organizational introspection. We could do this because the climate during our weekly reviews was not punitive or defensive, but collaborative and challenging. We also saw the value added to our unit and task force growth and development and, in the process, learning and development as individuals. Future medical task forces will have the ability to gain ground and develop this model for conclusion. As the Army Medical Department (AMEDD) continues to develop and refine lessons learned, the CHSS model presented here can be the foundation for the AMEDD and DoD's vision in the creation and modification of schoolhouse programs of instructions and doctrine to be relevant to the maturing combat theater of operations. PMID:20084760

Ueoka, Alan

207

The Leadosaurus Task Force: An Educational Project to Identify and Remediate Lead Poisoning in the Muessel School Neighborhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The existence and effects of lead poisoning continue to plague young children and their families, particularly children in older inner city neighborhoods. A task force in South Bend, Indiana, developed a parental education program which was implemented at an inner city elementary school. The program involved parent education, events for the…

Hall, Leda McIntyre

2004-01-01

208

Zero side force volute development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Collector scrolls on high performance centrifugal pumps are currently designed with methods which are based on very approximate flowfield models. Such design practices result in some volute configurations causing excessive side loads even at design flowrates. The purpose of this study was to develop and verify computational design tools which may be used to optimize volute configurations with respect to avoiding excessive loads on the bearings. The new design methodology consisted of a volute grid generation module and a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) module to describe the volute geometry and predict the radial forces for a given flow condition, respectively. Initially, the CFD module was used to predict the impeller and the volute flowfields simultaneously; however, the required computation time was found to be excessive for parametric design studies. A second computational procedure was developed which utilized an analytical impeller flowfield model and an ordinary differential equation to describe the impeller/volute coupling obtained from the literature, Adkins & Brennen (1988). The second procedure resulted in 20 to 30 fold increase in computational speed for an analysis. The volute design analysis was validated by postulating a volute geometry, constructing a volute to this configuration, and measuring the steady radial forces over a range of flow coefficients. Excellent agreement between model predictions and observed pump operation prove the computational impeller/volute pump model to be a valuable design tool. Further applications are recommended to fully establish the benefits of this new methodology.

Anderson, P. G.; Franz, R. J.; Farmer, R. C.; Chen, Y. S.

1995-01-01

209

Grip Force Control Is Dependent on Task Constraints in Children with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Excessive grip force (GF) is often found in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). However, their GF control may vary when task constraints are imposed upon their motor performance. This study aimed to investigate how their GF control changes in response to task demands, and to examine their tactile sensitivity. Twenty-one…

Law, Sui-Heung; Lo, Sing Kai; Chow, Susanna; Cheing, Gladys L.Y.

2011-01-01

210

Multiple-Event Forced-Choice Tasks in the Theory of Signal Detectability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis is generalized to unidimensional forced-choice tasks involving three or more events. It is shown that the performance of an observer in a unidimensional identification task withnindependent events can be represented inn! ROC spaces of dimensionn. Each ROC space is associated with a unique pairing of the events and decisions. A hypersurface can be generated in

Brian K. Scurfield

1996-01-01

211

Excitability of subcortical motor circuits in Go\\/noGo and forced choice reaction time tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The size of the response to a startling auditory stimulus (SAS) may reflect the excitability of the reticulospinal tract. In this study, we examined whether there was any excitability change in the reticulospinal tract during preparation for execution of two types of choice reaction time task: a forced choice reaction time task (fCRT) and a Go\\/no-Go task (GnG). In 13

Hatice Kumru; Xabier Urra; Yaroslau Compta; Juan M. Castellote; Josefa Turbau; Josep Valls-Solé

2006-01-01

212

Force and position control of manipulators during constrained motion tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trajectory control of a manipulator constrained by the contact of the end-effector with the environment represents an important class of control problems. A method is proposed whereby both contact force exerted by the manipulator, and the position of the end-effector while in contact with the surface are controlled. The controller parameters are derived based on a linearized dynamic model of

J. K. Mills; A. A. Goldenberg

1989-01-01

213

Strength training does not affect the accuracy of force gradation in an isometric force task in young men  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate potential differences in fine motor control between strength trained (ST) and non-strength trained (NT) individuals. By use of an isometric force production task, two groups, 20 ST (mean age 25.6, SD 4.9) and 19 NT (mean age 24.1, SD 2.9) male individuals, were measured on the ability to control forces with the

B. C. M. Smits-Engelsman; R. Smits; J. Oomen; J. Duysens

2008-01-01

214

Development, social norms, and assignment to task  

PubMed Central

Economic development involves a structural transformation in the way people are allocated to tasks. There is a shift from self-provision to market exchange, facilitating specialization. There is also a shift from self-employment to wage employment in large firms and organizations, driven by innovation and increasing returns to scale. Changes in allocation mechanisms require changes in norms and attitudes. Because different labor assignment domains coexist, conflicts arise among norms that apply to different domains, possibly resulting in dysfunctional outcomes. I argue that religion, humanism, and schools have all played an important historical role in fostering the changes in social norms and attitudes that are needed to accompany structural changes in the way economies allocate workers to tasks.

Fafchamps, Marcel

2011-01-01

215

Persistent mirror movements: force and timing of “mirroring” are task-dependent  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple isometric motor task was used to quantify intended and unintended finger movements in two subjects (father and son) with persistent mirror movements. One hand voluntarily changed grip force between thumb and index finger at different amplitudes and frequencies, while the other hand was to maintain a constant force. During all experimental conditions the “steady” hand showed insuppressible, highly

J. Hermsdörfer; A. Danek; T. Winter; C. Marquardt; N. Mai

1995-01-01

216

Trajectory Adjustments Underlying Task-Specific Intermittent Force Behaviors and Muscular Rhythms  

PubMed Central

Force intermittency is one of the major causes of motor variability. Focusing on the dynamics of force intermittency, this study was undertaken to investigate how force trajectory is fine-tuned for static and dynamic force-tracking of a comparable physical load. Twenty-two healthy adults performed two unilateral resistance protocols (static force-tracking at 75% maximal effort and dynamic force-tracking in the range of 50%–100% maximal effort) using the left hand. The electromyographic activity and force profile of the designated hand were monitored. Gripping force was off-line decomposed into a primary movement spectrally identical to the target motion and a force intermittency profile containing numerous force pulses. The results showed that dynamic force-tracking exhibited greater intermittency amplitude and force pulse but a smaller amplitude ratio of primary movement to force intermittency than static force-tracking. Multi-scale entropy analysis revealed that force intermittency during dynamic force-tracking was more complex on a low time scale but more regular on a high time scale than that of static force-tracking. Together with task-dependent force intermittency properties, dynamic force-tracking exhibited a smaller 8–12 Hz muscular oscillation but a more potentiated muscular oscillation at 35–50 Hz than static force-tracking. In conclusion, force intermittency reflects differing trajectory controls for static and dynamic force-tracking. The target goal of dynamic tracking is achieved through trajectory adjustments that are more intricate and more frequent than those of static tracking, pertaining to differing organizations and functioning of muscular oscillations in the alpha and gamma bands.

Chen, Yi-Ching; Lin, Yen-Ting; Huang, Chien-Ting; Shih, Chia-Li; Yang, Zong-Ru; Hwang, Ing-Shiou

2013-01-01

217

Guidelines for Alternative Birth Services in West Virginia: Report of a Task Force of the West Virginia Primary Care Study Group.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A special task force formulated guidelines for establishing and managing a rural birthing center and recommended criteria which could be used by community groups in planning and developing birthing services and by funding agencies in evaluating grant requ...

1980-01-01

218

Magnetic Resonance Force Microscope Development  

SciTech Connect

Our objectives were to develop the Magnetic Resonance Force Microscope (MRFM) into an instrument capable of scientific studies of buried structures in technologically and scientifically important electronic materials such as magnetic multilayer materials. This work resulted in the successful demonstration of MRFM-detected ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) as a microscopic characterization tool for thin magnetic films. Strong FMR spectra obtained from microscopic Co thin films (500 and 1000 angstroms thick and 40 x 200 microns in lateral extent) allowed us to observe variations in sample inhomogeneity and magnetic anisotropy field. We demonstrated lateral imaging in microscopic FMR for the first time using a novel approach employing a spatially selective local field generated by a small magnetically polarized spherical crystallite of yttrium iron garnet. These successful applications of the MRFM in materials studies provided the basis for our successful proposal to DOE/BES to employ the MRF M in studies of buried interfaces in magnetic materials.

Hammel, P.C.; Zhang, Z.; Suh, B.J.; Roukes, M.L.; Midzor, M.; Wigen, P.E.; Childress, J.R.

1999-06-03

219

Task-dependent force sharing between muscle synergists during locomotion in turkeys.  

PubMed

At most joints, there is a redundancy of muscle function. For any given movement, there are a wide range of possible solutions to the problem of how force is shared among muscle synergists. A better understanding of how force is shared among muscle synergists can provide insight into the mechanics and control of movement. We examined force sharing in the gastrocnemius of wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo), using strain gauges bonded to bony tendons. Force was measured separately in the lateral (LG) and medial (MG) heads of the gastrocnemius, to evaluate force sharing. We also used inverse dynamics to determine the total force required during swing phase. To determine whether the pattern of force sharing varied depending on the mechanical task, we used running speed (1 to 3.5 m s(-1)) and limb loading (30 and 60 g added tarsometatarsal mass) to vary the force required at the intertarsal joint. We found that the distribution of force between these two heads varied depending on the phase of the stride cycle. During stance, force was shared in near equal amounts between the two heads and this distribution was unaffected by changes in running speed or limb load. During swing phase, however, there was no force sharing. Force was produced only in the lateral head, and this force was not significantly different from the total force required, as calculated from inverse dynamics. Thus, the LG produced all of the force required for limb extension during swing. This change in the pattern of force sharing between stance and swing supports the theory that force sharing between muscle synergists is task-dependent. PMID:18375845

Nelson, Frank E; Roberts, Thomas J

2008-04-01

220

Carbon Issues Task Force Report for the Idaho Strategic Energy Alliance  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Issues Task Force has the responsibility to evaluate emissions reduction and carbon offset credit options, geologic carbon sequestration and carbon capture, terrestrial carbon sequestration on forest lands, and terrestrial carbon sequestration on agricultural lands. They have worked diligently to identify ways in which Idaho can position itself to benefit from potential carbon-related federal legislation, including identifying opportunities for Idaho to engage in carbon sequestration efforts, barriers to development of these options, and ways in which these barriers can be overcome. These are the experts to which we will turn when faced with federal greenhouse gas-related legislation and how we should best react to protect and provide for Idaho’s interests. Note that the conclusions and recommended options in this report are not intended to be exhaustive, but rather form a starting point for an informed dialogue regarding the way-forward in developing Idaho energy resources.

Travis L. Mcling

2010-10-01

221

Sex role identity and sex-stereotyped tasks in the development of learned helplessness in women  

Microsoft Academic Search

80 undergraduate females participated in a study investigating the relation of sex-role identity and sex-stereotyped tasks to the development of learned helplessness in women. Half of the Ss from 4 sex-role identity groups received bogus feedback and were forced to fail on a concept formation task described to them as either a male- or female-stereotyped task; the other 40 Ss

Donald H. Baucom; Pamela Danker-Brown

1984-01-01

222

Plan to combat extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis: recommendations of the Federal Tuberculosis Task Force.  

PubMed

An estimated one third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and nearly 9 million persons develop disease caused by M. tuberculosis each year. Although tuberculosis (TB) occurs predominantly in resource-limited countries, it also occurs in the United States. During 1985-1992, the United States was confronted with an unprecedented TB resurgence. This resurgence was accompanied by a rise in multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB), which is defined as TB that is resistant to the two most effective first-line therapeutic drugs, isoniazid and rifampin. In addition, virtually untreatable strains of M. tuberculosis are emerging globally. Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB is defined as MDR TB that also is resistant to the most effective second-line therapeutic drugs used commonly to treat MDR TB: fluoroquinolones and at least one of three injectable second-line drugs used to treat TB (amikacin, kanamycin, or capreomycin). XDR TB has been identified in all regions of the world, including the United States. In the United States, the cost of hospitalization for one XDR TB patient is estimated to average $483,000, approximately twice the cost for MDR TB patients. Because of the limited responsiveness of XDR TB to available antibiotics, mortality rates among patients with XDR TB are similar to those of TB patients in the preantibiotic era. In January 1992, CDC convened a Federal TB Task Force to draft an action plan to improve prevention and control of drug-resistant TB in the United States (CDC. National action plan to combat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. MMWR 1992;41([No. RR-11]). In November 2006, CDC reconvened the Task Force to draft an updated action plan to address the issue of MDR TB and XDR TB. Task Force members were divided into nine response areas and charged with articulating the most pressing problems, identifying barriers to improvement, and recommending specific action steps to improve prevention and control of XDR TB within their respective areas. Although the first priority of the Federal TB Task Force convened in 2006 was to delineate objectives and action steps to address MDR TB and XDR TB domestically, members recognized the necessity for TB experts in the United States to work with the international community to help strengthen TB control efforts globally. TB represents a substantial public health problem in low- and middle-income countries, many of which might benefit from assistance by the United States. In addition, the global TB epidemic directly affects the United States because the majority of all cases of TB and 80% of cases of MDR TB reported in the United States occur among foreign-born persons. For these reasons, the Action Plan also outlines potential steps that U.S. government agencies can take to help solve global XDR TB problems. Unless the fundamental causes of MDR TB and XDR TB are addressed in the United States and internationally, the United States is likely to experience a growing number of cases of MDR TB and XDR TB that will be difficult, if not impossible, to treat or prevent. The recommendations provided in this report include specific action steps and new activities that will require additional funding and a renewed commitment by government and nongovernment organizations involved in domestic and international TB control efforts to be implemented effectively. The Federal TB Task Force will coordinate activities of various federal agencies and partner with state and local health departments, nonprofit and TB advocacy organizations in implementing this plan to control and prevent XDR TB in the United States and to contribute to global efforts in the fight against this emerging public health crisis. PMID:19214162

2009-02-13

223

Effects of muscle fatigue on grip and load force coordination and performance of manipulation tasks.  

PubMed

Muscle fatigue is known to be associated with a deteriorated muscle coordination and impaired movement performance in variety of voluntary movements. The aim of this study was to investigate the generally underexplored effect of muscle fatigue on both the coordination between grip force (GF; the force component perpendicular to the hand-object contact area that provides friction) and load force (LF; the parallel force component that can move the object or support the body) as well as movement performance in manipulation tasks. Fifteen participants performed a variety of static and dynamic manipulations both with and without a preceding procedure designed to fatigue the arm and hand muscles. The tasks involved exertion of ramp-and-hold and oscillation patterns of LF against an externally fixed instrumented device, and a simple lift of a freely moving device. The results revealed a fatigue-associated decrease in GF scaling (i.e., the magnitude of GF relative to LF) and GF-LF coupling (correlation between GF and LF), while the task performance regarding the accuracy of exertion of the prescribed LF profiles remained unaffected. We conclude that muscle fatigue both partly decouples GF from LF and reduces the overall GF magnitude, which could potentially explain why hand-held objects are more likely to drop when manipulated with fatigued muscles. However, the unaffected task performance could be explained either by the relatively low level of muscle forces required by the tested tasks, the moderate level of the fatigue imposed, or both. PMID:23872090

Emge, Nicholas; Prebeg, Goran; Uygur, Mehmet; Jaric, Slobodan

2013-07-16

224

Report of the Task Force on SSC Magnet System Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force on SSC Magnet Systems test Site was appointed by Maury Tigner, Director of the SSC, Phase 1 in August 1984. In brief, the charge asked the Task Force to make a critical evaluation of potential test sites for a major SSC magnet System Test Facility (STF) with regard to: (1) availability of the needed space, utilities, staff and other requirements on the desired time scale; and (2) the cost of preparing the sites for the tests and for operating the facilities during the test period. The charge further suggests that, by virtue of existing facilities and availability of experienced staff, BNL and FNAL are the two best candidate sites and that is therefore appears appropriate to restrict the considerations of the Task Force to these sites. During the subsequent deliberations of the Task Force, no new facts were revealed that altered the assumptions of the charge in this regard. The charge does not ask for a specific site recommendation for the STF. Indeed, an agreement on such a recommendation would be difficult to achieve considering the composition of the Task Force, wherein a large fraction of the membership is drawn from the two contending laboratories. Instead, we have attempted to describe the purpose of the facility, outline a productive test program, list the major facilities required, carefully review the laboratories` responses to the facility requirements, and make objective comparisons of the specific features and capabilities offered.

NONE

1984-10-01

225

Task Force on Electronic Warfare Test Evaluation Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In July 1993, the House Armed Services Committee (HASC) expressed concerned over the development process for airborne electronic combat systems. The committee stated one reason for this concern was the 'lack of a comprehensive, integrated, and clearly def...

1994-01-01

226

Workshop on establishing institutional credibility for SEAB Task Force on Radioactive Waste Management  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board`s Task Force on Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, the National Research Council sponsored a workshop on Establishing Institutional Credibility. The purpose of the workshop was to (1) identify the range of available knowledge regarding the theoretical and conceptual issues of how institutions establish their credibility and legitimacy with key constituents, and (2) to help explore and clarify fundamental concepts in management theory related to these issues. The examination was to include what is known about how organizations establish, maintain, lose, and regain public trust and confidence. There was to be no attempt to develop consensus on these issues or to suggest particular courses of action. The workshop was held on October 24-25, 1991, in Denver, Colorado.

Not Available

1994-10-01

227

Neural control of joint stability during a ballistic force production task  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in transmission in Ia afferent and corticospinal pathways have been reported to depend on various factors including\\u000a task complexity and the phase of movement. Here, we test whether a unilateral voluntary force production task leads to specific\\u000a changes in both Ia afferent (by the use of the H-reflex technique) and corticospinal (by the use of transcranial magnetic\\u000a stimulation, TMS)

Norman Holl; Volker Zschorlich

2011-01-01

228

Development of a Force Measurement Device.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of a Force Measurement Device (FMD) for recording interface forces between shaker table and Ariane 4 satellites is reported. The FMD is designed to measure forces and moments in the frequency range from 0.1 to 100 Hz with an accuracy bette...

O. Wilmar

1991-01-01

229

Compendium of Feasibility Team and Task Force Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document by the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization contains: (1) a summary report on the development of a regional center for tropical medicine; (2) a preliminary study relative to a proposed regional center for education in science and mathematics; (3) a preliminary study relative to a regional institute for English…

Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization, Bangkok (Thailand).

230

Report of the Administrator's Special Construction Grants Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report deals with problems in the development of applications for each of the three steps in the grant process; it deals with EPA's policy and organization at the regional level for processing applications, and with delays and workload in the post-aw...

D. P. Dubois K. L. Johnson C. Cuyler P. M. Baltay M. B. Cook

1975-01-01

231

Development of Tasks and Evaluation of a Prototype Forceps for NOTES  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives: Few standardized testing procedures exist for instruments intended for Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery. These testing procedures are critical for evaluating surgical skills and surgical instruments to ensure sufficient quality. This need is widely recognized by endoscopic surgeons as a major hurdle for the advancement of Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery. Methods: Beginning with tasks currently used to evaluate laparoscopic surgeons and instruments, new tasks were designed to evaluate endoscopic surgical forceps instruments. Results: Six tasks have been developed from existing tasks, adapted and modified for use with endoscopic instruments, or newly designed to test additional features of endoscopic forceps. The new tasks include the Fuzzy Ball Task, Cup Drop Task, Ring Around Task, Material Pull Task, Simulated Biopsy Task, and the Force Gauge Task. These tasks were then used to evaluate the performance of a new forceps instrument designed at Pennsylvania State University. Conclusions: The need for testing procedures for the advancement of Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery has been addressed in this work. The developed tasks form a basis for not only testing new forceps instruments, but also for evaluating individual performance of surgical candidates with endoscopic forceps instruments.

Addis, Matthew; Aguirre, Milton; Haluck, Randy; Matthew, Abraham; Pauli, Eric; Gopal, Jegan

2012-01-01

232

Analysis of object-stability and internal force in robotic contact tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stability of an object manipulated by multiple robots (serial-link or wire-driven mechanisms) in contact tasks is investigated. We show that resultant force\\/moment applicable to the object through the contacts is represented as a polyhedral convex region in force\\/moment space. Then we propose a stability measure and a method of calculating it approximately by linear programming technique. We also present

Yusuke Maeda; Yasumichi Aiyama; Tamio Arai; Taiga Ozawa

1996-01-01

233

A Second's Chance: Gang Violence Task Force prevention program.  

PubMed

We describe a gang violence intervention and define targets for prevention. At-risk youths were identified through courts, public schools, and law enforcement regarding gang-related activities. They participated in "A Second's Chance," a true-to-life mock emergency department resuscitation and death of a gang member provided over an 18-month period. A questionnaire was completed by each participant. Forty-nine youths identified as at risk for gang involvement participated (37 male and 12 female, P < 0.001). Average age was 14.5 years (range, 10 to 19 years); 32 were black, 9 Hispanic, 6 white, and 2 other (P < 0.05). Seventeen (35%) had prior arrests (P = 0.059), 13 (77%) of whom had multiple arrests (P < 0.05). Forty-one (84%) reported a family member jailed (P < 0.001). Forty-two (86%) witnessed neighborhood criminal drug activity (P < 0.001). Household leadership was predominately maternal (24 [49%], (P < 0.05). Forty-four (90%) participants provided positive meaningful responses to the intervention (P < 0.001). Gang violence prevention should be channeled through maternal family members. History of incarcerated relatives, acquaintances, and neighborhood exposure to drugs and crime may represent additional risk factors for gang-related involvement. Demonstrations of gang violence scenarios raise awareness to consequences of gang-related activities. Family and neighborhood characteristics should be included in development of intervention scenarios. PMID:22273322

Hughes, K Michael; Griner, Devan; Guarino, Michelle; Drabik-Medeiros, Bernie; Williams, Kristy

2012-01-01

234

The Status of Older Women in Illinois Today: A Report by the Task Force on Older Women in Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains the report of an Illinois task force formed to examine issues that make it different to grow older as a woman than as a man and to develop a set of recommendations to help meet the needs of women in Illinois. The focus is on housing, health care, and economic security of older women. It is noted that over 1,300 older women…

Illinois State Dept. on Aging, Springfield.

235

Integrating Cognitive Task Analysis into Instructional Systems Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of instructional systems development (ISD) focuses on recent developments in cognitive task analysis and describes the Integrated Task Analysis Model, a framework for integrating cognitive and behavioral task analysis methods within the ISD model. Three components of expertise are analyzed: skills, knowledge, and mental models. (96…

Ryder, Joan M.; Redding, Richard E.

1993-01-01

236

Future Opportunities for Television. Part I. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Six.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A staff paper to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy examines the future of broadcast television. The central question in formulating broadcast policy is how to mesh traditional policies with new technology to exploit fully the potential value of television. Two areas are stressed--the basic structure of TV broadcasting in the…

Rostow, Eugene V.

237

Effects of the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) Programs on Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the effects of participation in the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) programs on postsecondary students with learning disabilities (LDs). Data regarding 969 students from 6 colleges and 4 universities in Ontario were evaluated to investigate rates of academic success and increased self-awareness. Participants had a…

Harrison, Allyson G.; Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Freeman, John

2012-01-01

238

Report of the Governor's Task Force on Aerospace-Aviation Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the Aerospace-Aviation Education Task Force was to study the problems and present recommendations for space and aviation education in California. Educational trends and the increasing rate of dropout occurrence reveal a need to introduce changes in the education and training of students. Many career opportunities exist in the field…

Federal Aviation Administration (DOT), Washington, DC. Office of General Aviation.

239

Unaccounted-for gas project. Leak Task Force. Volume 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The study was aimed at determining unaccounted-for (UAF) gas volumes resulting from operating Pacific Gas and Electric Co.'s transmission and distribution systems during 1987. The Leak Task Force quantified unintentional gas losses (leakage and dig-ins). Results show that 1987 gas leakage accounted for less than 5% of the operating UAF.

Cowgill, R.M.; Robertson, J.L.; Grinstead, J.R.; Luttrell, D.J.; Walden, E.R.

1990-06-07

240

Report of the Task Force on Advertising and Children Submitted by  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Task Force on Advertising and Children grew out of a general concern about the influence of commercialism in children's lives and about marketing and advertising to children and adolescents. For many years, young children were generally considered off limits to advertisers, with parents being the intended advertising audience for marketers who delivered products for this age group. More recently,

Brian Wilcox; Chair Joanne Cantor; Peter Dowrick; Dale Kunkel; Susan Linn; Edward Palmer

241

Report of the Interagency Task Force on Persistent Marine Debris, May 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a definition of the marine debris problem and a charge to the task force. Presents five general recommendations concerning: federal leadership, public awareness and education program, implementation of laws, research and monitoring, and beach clean-up and monitoring. (RT)|

Keeny, Timothy R. E.; Cottingham, David

1989-01-01

242

Report of the Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services was established on October 3, 2005, pursuant to Section 576 of Public Law 108-375, the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005, to examine matters relating to sexua...

2009-01-01

243

The Status of Hunger in Cities, April 1985. Task Force on Joblessness and Hunger.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey by the U.S. Conference of Mayors of its 22 member Task Force on Joblessness on Hunger to determine the current status of hunger in cities revealed the following facts among others: (1) Despite 15 months of economic recovery, the problem of hunger has grown and is expected to increase over the next year; (2) Two-thirds of the cities…

United States Conference of Mayors, Washington, DC.

244

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement  

Microsoft Academic Search

DESCRIPTION: Update of the 2005 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) statement about screening for overweight in children and adolescents. METHODS: The USPSTF examined the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions that are primary care feasible or referable. It also exam- ined the evidence for the magnitude of potential harms of treatment in children and adolescents. RECOMMENDATION. The USPSTF recommends

Mary Barton

2010-01-01

245

Future Opportunities for Television. Part I. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Six.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy examines the future of broadcast television. The central question in formulating broadcast policy is how to mesh traditional policies with new technology to exploit fully the potential value of television. Two areas are stressed--the basic structure of TV broadcasting in the…

Rostow, Eugene V.

246

Moving Forward: Next Steps. Second Report of the Governor's Task Force on Adolescent Pregnancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report analyzes problems in New York State efforts to reduce unwanted adolescent pregnancy and its associated problems. Following an executive summary and introduction, the report consists of five sections. Section 1 details the framework and background for the Task Force recommendations. Section 2 provides an overview of current efforts to…

New York State Council on Children and Families, New York.

247

Increasing physical activity. A report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services.  

PubMed

The Task Force on Community Preventive Services (the Task Force) has conducted systematic reviews of community interventions to increase physical activity. The Task Force either strongly recommends or recommends six interventions: two informational approaches (i.e., communitywide campaigns and point-of-decision prompts to encourage use of stairs); three behavioral and social approaches (i.e., school-based physical education, social support interventions in community settings [e.g., setting up a buddy system or contracting with another person to complete specified levels of physical activity], and individually adapted health behavior change programs); and one intervention to increase physical activity by using environmental and policy approaches (i.e., creation of or enhanced access to places for physical activity, combined with informational outreach activities). The Task Force found insufficient evidence on which to base recommendations for classroom-based health education focused on information provision, behavioral skills, and social support interventions in family settings because of inconsistent findings; mass media campaigns, college-age physical education, and health education because of an insufficient number of studies; and classroom-based health education focusing on reducing television viewing and video game playing because of the lack of a demonstrated link between reduced time spent watching television or playing video games and increased physical activity. This report provides additional information regarding the recommendations, briefly describes how the reviews were conducted, and provides information that can help in applying the interventions locally. PMID:11699650

2001-10-26

248

President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Domestic Applications of Communication Satellite Technology. Staff Paper Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy examines the feasibility of a domestic communications satellite system. Although, with expected technological advancement, satellites may play a significant role in domestic transmission and are economically feasible right now, a number of remaining questions make the…

President's Task Force on Communications Policy, Washington, DC.

249

Interim Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on SARS Quarantine.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Task Force established by the Defense Science Board (DSB) to assess Department of Defense (DoD) quarantining guidance for dealing with a Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) epidemic met on three occasions during 2003-2004 to review the status of ...

J. Lederberg R. L. Gibson

2004-01-01

250

Time for Results: The Governors' 1991 Report on Education. Supporting Works. Task Force on Readiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The members of this task force adopted a broad approach to readiness so that issues relating to at-risk children and youth between the preschool years and graduation might be addressed. Two papers are presented: (1) "Readiness for the New Educational Standards" (Jean G. McDonald); and (2) "State Policy for At-Risk Children: Preschool to High…

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

251

How Safe Are Our Children? Senate Task Force on School Violence, Hearing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On June 29, 1993, a Senate Task Force on School Violence hearing was held at the California State capitol. The hearing examined the issues of violence on school campuses. Victims of campus crime, relatives of murdered students, administrators, law enforcers involved in campus safety, and students who themselves committed crimes in school spoke at…

California State Legislature, Sacramento. Senate.

252

Early Childhood Education: Report of the Task Force on Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The result of the work of a special task force, the design for an early childhood education program for California is given which formulates goals, performance objectives, program content standards, and an evaluation system for an overall articulated program. Chapters are presented on: the rationale for change; parent-community involvement;…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

253

Task Force Reports on Women in the Courts: The Challenge for Legal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Several states have recently commissioned special task forces to investigate and report on the status of women litigants, attorneys, and court employees. The reports present law schools with an urgent challenge and exciting opportunity to rethink and reconstruct legal education. (Author/MSE)|

Schneider, Elizabeth M.

1988-01-01

254

Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The American Psychological Association (APA) Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls was formed in response to expressions of public concern regarding the sexualization of girls and girlhood in U.S. culture. This report examines and summarizes psychological theory, research, and clinical experience addressing the sexualization of girls. The…

American Psychological Association (APA), 2007

2007-01-01

255

Achieving Digital Destruction: Challenges for the M1A2 Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1993, Task Force 3-8 Cavalry in the 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, underwent new equipment training, qualification gunnery, NTC Rotation 93 - 10, and an initial operational test and evaluation with 17 M1A2 tanks. Most of the capabilities of the M1A2...

D. A. Nowowiejski

1995-01-01

256

President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Domestic Applications of Communication Satellite Technology. Staff Paper Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A staff paper to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy examines the feasibility of a domestic communications satellite system. Although, with expected technological advancement, satellites may play a significant role in domestic transmission and are economically feasible right now, a number of remaining questions make the…

President's Task Force on Communications Policy, Washington, DC.

257

CONFERENCE REPORT: 13th EU-US Transport Task Force Workshop on transport in fusion plasmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes the contributions presented at the 13th EU-US Transport Task Force Workshop on transport in fusion plasmas, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, 1-4 September 2008. There were sessions on core heat and particle transport; core and edge momentum transport; edge and scrape-off-layer transport and MHD and fast particle interaction with transport.

Connor, J. W.; Fasoli, A.; Hidalgo, C.; Kirk, A.; Naulin, V.; Peeters, A. G.; Tala, T.

2009-04-01

258

Openly Arrived At. Report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Broadcasting and the Legislature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An independent task force, originally asked to explore the broad area of political public affairs broadcasting, changed its focus as a result of the Watergate crisis to the future of television as a source of information on the institutions and issues of government. To reinstate the balance of power between the legislative and executive branches…

Mitchell, Lee M.

259

Study Findings and Recommendations of the Task Force on Fluoride Ion Concentration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1971, the New Orleans Area Health Planning Council (NOAHPC) formed a task force to study the fluoride ion concentration in its 12-parish area. Scientific research carried out on fluoridation was investigated, and the presence of fluorides in public wat...

1972-01-01

260

Responding to gangs Comparing gang member, police, and task force perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceptions of four groups of actors—members of a gang task force, police officers, gang members, and nongang youth—involved in the St. Louis gang problem response were compared. The two groups of youths regarded gangs as a significantly more serious problem than did either of the adult groups. Youths were significantly more likely to view gangs as instrumentally delinquent, while the

Scott H. Decker; G. David Curry

2000-01-01

261

Time for Results: The Governors' 1991 Report on Education. Supporting Works. Task Force on School Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on School Facilities was asked to analyze research data, review literature, and collect testimony on current state policies related to the use of school facilities. Two papers are presented: (1) "Issues in School Facilities Use" (Jean G. McDonald); and (2) "School Facilities: State Role" (Jean G. McDonald). This report includes…

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

262

The Domestic Telecommunications Carrier Industry. Part I. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Five.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A staff paper submitted to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy recommends that public policy ensure an integrated structure in the telecommunications industry, while fostering limited competition to keep the system responsive to new technology and to consumer demands. The present system of regulated monopoly for companies…

Rostow, Eugene V.

263

Alzheimer's Disease. Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Alzheimer's Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the Health and Human Services Department Task Force on Alzheimer's Disease addresses nine main areas in a problem-oriented approach aimed at better defining research needs and options as well as training, service, and policy issues relevant to Alzheimer's disease. Individual chapters deal with research in the areas of epidemiology,…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

264

Task Force on the Education of Maryland's African-American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 9, 2003, the Task Force on the Education of Maryland's African-American Males was convened by the Maryland K-16 Leadership Council (chaired by the University System of Maryland Chancellor William E. Kirwan, former Maryland Acting Secretary of Higher Education John A. Sabatini, Jr., and Maryland State Superintendent of Schools Nancy S.…

Maryland State Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

265

Task Force Report. State of the Art of Adult Education: CONFINTEA Follow Up. [and] Workshop Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes task force recommendations on the role of the International Council for Adult Education in monitoring achievement of adult education objectives, qualitative and quantitative indicators, and diverse data collection methods. Eleven workshop reports discuss progress on adult education policy advocacy, documentation, health care reform,…

Convergence, 2001

2001-01-01

266

U.S. CORAL REEF TASK FORCE CORAL REEFS AND CLIMATE INITIATIVE (NOAA, DOI)  

EPA Science Inventory

In October 2002, the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force passed two resolutions highlighting the impacts of climate change and coral bleaching on coral reefs and calling for an interagency, public/private partnership to advance understanding and management of this issue. In response, the ...

267

American Psychologist Task Force Report: Clarifying Mission, Coverage, Communication, and Review Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An American Psychological Association task force reviewed the role and function of "American Psychologist," (AP) focusing on its coverage domain and issues related to its editorial review process. This report examines AP editorial domain, AP editorial instructions, AP editorship, communications within the AP editorial process, use of ad hoc…

Zimbardo, Philip G.

2002-01-01

268

The Supportive Care Task Force at the University of L’Aquila: 2-years experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Supportive Care Task Force (SCTF) was established within the Medical Oncology Department at the University of L’Aquila in May 2002. The missions of the SCTF were to allow systematic evaluation and treatment of symptoms, to warrant continuity of care in all phases of disease and to provide medical oncology residents with training in the treatment of symptoms. A medical

Giampiero Porzio; Enrico Ricevuto; Federica Aielli; Lucilla Verna; Katia Cannita; Rocco Pollice; Paolo Aloisi; Claudio Porto; Paolo Marchetti; Corrado Ficorella

2005-01-01

269

Two citizen task forces and the challenge of the evolving nuclear waste siting process  

SciTech Connect

Siting any nuclear waste facility is problematic in today's climate of distrust toward nuclear agencies and fear of nuclear waste. This study compares and contrasts the siting and public participation processes as two citizen task forces dealt with their difficult responsibilities. 10 refs., 3 tabs.

Peelle, E.B.

1990-01-01

270

Information at Risk: Michigan Libraries in the 1990's. Review of Task Force Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains the list of recommendations made by the Library of Michigan Board of Trustees Task Force on Library Interdependency and Funding and approved by the Board at their meeting on March 7, 1989. These recommendations will be incorporated into the 1989-1992 Long-Range Plan to begin the process of implementation for as many of…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

271

ACNP Task Force Report on SSRIs and Suicidal Behavior in Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Task Force report by the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology evaluates the safety and efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRIs) antidepressants for depressed youth under 18 years. The report was undertaken after regulatory agencies in the United States and United Kingdom raised concerns in 2003 about the possibility that treatment of depression in children and adolescents with SSRIs may

J John Mann; Graham Emslie; Ross J Baldessarini; William Beardslee; Jan A Fawcett; Frederick K Goodwin; Andrew C Leon; Herbert Y Meltzer; Neal D Ryan; David Shaffer; Karen D Wagner

2006-01-01

272

Assisting Versus Repelling Force-Feedback for Learning of a Line Following Task in a Wheelchair.  

PubMed

Previous work has shown that training with assistas- needed method using force-feedback joystick can improve driving performance of children and adults. This work is the first study to evaluate training with a repelling force versus an assisting force for learning of a line following task in a wheelchair through a force-feedback joystick. We designed a robotic training wheelchair that can accurately localize itself in the training environment, and implemented assisting and repelling force fields on the force-feedback joystick. The training protocol included three groups. The control (CT) group received no force feedback. The assisting force (AF) group was trained using the assist-asneeded paradigm. The repelling force (RF) group was trained with the repelling force field. We observed that both the AF and RF groups improved their driving skills. The error reductions of both groups were not statistically different under the current setting. We believe that this pilot study could provide a promising foundation regarding the effects of robotic wheelchair training algorithm on motor learning. PMID:23475377

Chen, X; Agrawal, S

2013-03-07

273

Handwriting: hand-pen contact force synergies in circle drawing tasks.  

PubMed

This study investigated synergistic actions of hand-pen contact forces during circle drawing tasks in three-dimensional (3D) space. Twenty-four right-handed participants drew thirty concentric circles in the counterclockwise (CCW) and clockwise (CW) directions. Three-dimensional forces acting on an instrumented pen as well as 3D linear and angular positions of the pen were recorded. These contact forces were then transformed into the 3D radial, tangential, and normal force components specific to circle drawing. Uncontrolled manifold (UCM) analysis was employed to calculate the magnitude of the hand-pen contact force synergy. Three hypotheses were tested. First, hand-pen contact force synergies during circle drawing are dependent on the angular position of the pen tip. Second, hand-pen contact force synergies are dependent on force components in circle drawing. Third, hand-pen contact force synergies are greater in CCW direction than CW direction. The results showed that the strength of the hand-pen contact force synergy increased during the initial phase of circle drawing and decreased during the final phase. The synergy strength was greater for the radial and tangential components as compared to the normal component. Also, the circle drawing in CW direction was associated with greater hand-pen contact force synergy than the CCW direction. The results of this study suggest that the central nervous system (CNS) prioritizes hand-pen contact force synergies for the force components (i.e., radial and tangential) that are critical for circle drawing. The CNS modulates hand-pen contact force synergies for preparation and conclusion of circle drawing, respectively. PMID:20488445

Shim, Jae Kun; Hooke, Alexander W; Kim, You-Sin; Park, Jaebum; Karol, Sohit; Kim, Yoon Hyuk

2010-05-21

274

Task Force Report 5. Report of the Task Force on Family Medicine's Role in Shaping the Future Health Care Delivery System  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Recognizing that the implementation of needed changes within family medicine will be enhanced through a concurrent effort to transform the broader health care system, this Future of Family Medicine task force was charged with determining family medicine’s leadership role in shaping the future health care delivery system. METHODS After reviewing the changes taking place within family medicine and the broader health care system, this task force identified 6 priorities for fostering necessary modifications in the health care system. In addressing the leadership challenge facing the discipline, the task force presents a 3-dimensional matrix that provides a useful framework for describing the audiences that should be targeted, the strategic priorities that should be pursued, and the specific recommendations that should be addressed. Noting that leadership is part of the heritage of family medicine, the task force reviewed past successes by the discipline as important lessons that can be instructive as family physicians begin advocating for needed changes. MAJOR FINDINGS Effective leadership is an essential ingredient that will determine, to a large extent, the success of family medicine in advocating for needed change in the health care system overall and in the specialty. It is vitally important to groom leaders within family medicine and to create venues where policy makers and influence leaders can look beyond their usual constituencies and horizons to a comprehensive view of health care. A central concept being proposed is that of a relationship-centered personal medical home. This medical home serves as the focal point through which all individuals—regardless of age, gender, race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status—receive a basket of acute, chronic, and preventive medical care services that are accessible, accountable, comprehensive, integrated, patient-centered, safe, scientifically valid, and satisfying to both patients and their physicians. CONCLUSION Family medicine has and will continue to have an important leadership role in health system change. It has been most successful when it has been able to identify a high-priority goal through consensus within the discipline, to focus and coordinate local and national resources, and to use a multipronged approach in addressing the priority. Although the Future of Family Medicine project has provided an important impetus for the identification of key priorities across the discipline, for the FFM project ultimately to be a success, implementation steps will need to be identified and prioritized. The leadership matrix presented in this report can provide a useful structuring tool to identify, understand, and coordinate change efforts more effectively. Strategic alliances with primary care groups and others also will be critical to the success of change initiatives.

Roberts, Richard G.; Snape, Pam S.; Burke, Kevin

2004-01-01

275

Plastic changes in interhemispheric inhibition with practice of a two-hand force production task: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the effects of practice of an unusual two-hand finger force production task on electromyographic and force responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Prior to practice, force production by a hand resulted in decreased TMS-induced responses in the other hand. After practice, fingers that were explicitly required to produce force during practice showed a significant drop in these inhibitory

Jae Kun Shim; Sun Wook Kim; Seung Ja Oh; Ning Kang; Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky; Mark L. Latash

2005-01-01

276

Development of Relational Processing in Hot and Cool Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research investigated the role of complexity and the hot–cool distinction in cognitive development. The 120, 3- to 6-year-old children completed four hot tasks, which involved an affective component and three cool tasks, which did not. All tasks included binary- and ternary-relational items. Complexity was a major source of difficulty on all tasks, especially for younger children. Consistent with a

Katie M. Bunch; Glenda Andrews

2012-01-01

277

Jekyll and Hyde in a Tank: The Dilemma of Task Force Battle Command from a Killing System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph examines the U.S. Army's concept for its Future Main Battle Tank (FMBT) as a battle command vehicle for the armored task force commander. The monograph first presents the elements of battle command from the armored task force commander's pe...

J. B. Henderson

1993-01-01

278

Conference-EC-US Task Force Joint US-EU Workshop on Metabolomics and Environmental Biotechnology, (Final Report).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since 1990, the EC-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research has been coordinating transatlantic efforts to guide and exploit the ongoing revolution in biotechnology and the life sciences. The Task Force was established in June 1990 by the European Commissi...

G. J. Zylstra L. Y. Young

2009-01-01

279

Report and Recommendations of the Paperwork Reduction Task Force of the Council of Chief State School Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report to the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, U.S. House of Representatives, contains the recommendations of the special task force of the Council of Chief State School Officers on paperwork reduction. The task force's report examines problems with the general…

Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.

280

Task Force on the Role of General Education in Associate Science Degree Programs. Final Report and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1989-90, the General Education Task Force of the Wisconsin Technical College System (WTCS) was convened to determine the role of the general education curriculum in the attainment of skills that enhance the likelihood of success among technical college graduates in their careers, homes and communities. The Task Force consisted of at least one…

Weyers, Lori; Langerman, Philip

281

Task Force to Study the Governance, Coordination, and Funding of the University System of Maryland. 1998 Interim Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The report was prepared by a task force appointed to examine issues related to the University System of Maryland (USM) ten years after its creation in 1988. The task force focused on key issues raised by stakeholders and higher education experts, including statewide goals and priorities for the USM; duplication and overlap of authority between…

Maryland State Dept. of Legislative Services, Annapolis.

282

Treating rheumatoid arthritis to target: recommendations of an international task force  

PubMed Central

Background Aiming at therapeutic targets has reduced the risk of organ failure in many diseases such as diabetes or hypertension. Such targets have not been defined for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Objective To develop recommendations for achieving optimal therapeutic outcomes in RA. Methods A task force of rheumatologists and a patient developed a set of recommendations on the basis of evidence derived from a systematic literature review and expert opinion; these were subsequently discussed, amended and voted upon by >60 experts from various regions of the world in a Delphi-like procedure. Levels of evidence, strength of recommendations and levels of agreement were derived. Results The treat-to-target activity resulted in 10 recommendations. The treatment aim was defined as remission with low disease activity being an alternative goal in patients with long-standing disease. Regular follow-up (every 1–3 months during active disease) with appropriate therapeutic adaptation to reach the desired state within 3 to a maximum of 6 months was recommended. Follow-up examinations ought to employ composite measures of disease activity which include joint counts. Additional items provide further details for particular aspects of the disease. Levels of agreement were very high for many of these recommendations (?9/10). Conclusion The 10 recommendations are supposed to inform patients, rheumatologists and other stakeholders about strategies to reach optimal outcomes of RA based on evidence and expert opinion.

Smolen, Josef S; Aletaha, Daniel; Bijlsma, Johannes W J; Breedveld, Ferdinand C; Boumpas, Dimitrios; Burmester, Gerd; Combe, Bernard; Cutolo, Maurizio; de Wit, Maarten; Dougados, Maxime; Emery, Paul; Gibofsky, Alan; Gomez-Reino, Juan Jesus; Haraoui, Boulos; Kalden, Joachim; Keystone, Edward C; Kvien, Tore K; McInnes, Iain; Martin-Mola, Emilio; Montecucco, Carlomaurizio; Schoels, Monika; van der Heijde, Desiree

2010-01-01

283

The effect of tool handle shape on hand muscle load and pinch force in a simulated dental scaling task.  

PubMed

Work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders, including carpal tunnel syndrome, are prevalent among dentists and dental hygienists. An important risk factor for developing these disorders is forceful pinching which occurs during periodontal work such as dental scaling. Ergonomically designed dental scaling instruments may help reduce the prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome among dental practitioners. In this study, eight custom-designed dental scaling instruments with different handle shapes were used by 24 dentists and dental hygienists to perform a simulated tooth scaling task. The muscle activity of two extensors and two flexors in the forearm was recorded with electromyography while thumb pinch force was measured by pressure sensors. The results demonstrated that the instrument handle with a tapered, round shape and a 10 mm diameter required the least muscle load and pinch force when performing simulated periodontal work. The results from this study can guide dentists and dental hygienists in selection of dental scaling instruments. PMID:17156742

Dong, Hui; Loomer, Peter; Barr, Alan; Laroche, Charles; Young, Ed; Rempel, David

2006-12-06

284

U.S. Department of Justice: Task Force for Faith-based & Community Initiatives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On January 29, 2001, President George W. Bush issued two executive orders related to faith-based and community organizations. The first established a base of operations within the White House for such initiatives, and the second established centers within various cabinet- level departments, including the Department of Justice (DOJ). As the latter's website notes, "The Task Force's purpose is to promote good works by neighbors, particularly in the areas of juvenile delinquency, prisoners and their families, victims of crime, domestic violence, and drug addiction/treatment/prevention." Visitors to the site can learn about funding opportunities administered by the DOJ and also read some of its publications, such as "Moving Beyond the Walls: Faith and Justice Partnerships Working for High Risk Youth". Interested parties may also want to look at the Task Force's FAQ section and sign up to receive email updates.

285

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on small intercontinental ballistic missile modernization. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force considered a range of ICBM and basing alternatives, with emphasis on the question of survivability and stability. The principal deployments analyzed were: (1) 500 Small ICBMs (SICBMs) deployed in Hard Mobile Launchers (HMLs) on four existing U.S. Government complexes in the Southwest; (2) 50 MX ICBMs deployed in a variable number of superhard silos (patterned array); and d(3) 50 MX ICBMs deployed in carry hard configuration, i.e., in hardened cannisters deployed among a large number of low-cost vertical shelters. The Task Force concluded that there is at least one SICBM basing mode -- and possibly one or more MX basing modes -- which, although costly, have a high degree of survivability and accordingly are suitable candidates for deployment by the U.S.

Not Available

1986-03-01

286

White paper from the ACR Task Force on Print Media in Radiology.  

PubMed

The rapidly changing technological and business environment in which scientific journals are published will necessitate ongoing reassessment of operations, goals, and priorities. In this white paper, the ACR Task Force on Print Media in Radiology reviews the history and role of print media in radiology; discusses current and anticipated societal, technological, and financial challenges; and explores a variety of strategies to help ensure the relevance of professional society publishing in the future. PMID:21962783

Duszak, Richard; Haines, G Rebecca; Van Duyn Wear, Vanessa; Lexa, Frank James; Bashir, Mustafa; D'Souza, Sharon; Carlos, Ruth; Chen, James Yen-Yu; King, Bernard F; Wald, Christoph

2011-10-01

287

Effect of friction and load on pinch force in a hand transfer task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of friction and load on pinch force was studied in a simple hand transfer task using a repeated measures design and ten men. Subjects moved a container between two targets, 450?mm apart, at a slow, self-paced speed. The levels of mass in the container were set at 0·8, 2·5 and 4·2?kg (7·5, 24·5 and 41·5?N respectively). The handle

LINDA J. FREDERICK; THOMAS J. ARMSTRONG

1995-01-01

288

CONFERENCE REPORT: 11th EU-US Transport Task Force workshop on transport in fusion plasmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes the contributions presented at the 11th EU-US Transport Task Force workshop on transport in fusion plasmas, held in Marseilles, France, 4-7 September, 20068The present workshop: http://www-fusion-magnetique.cea.fr/ttf2006.. There were sessions on momentum transport, multi-scale physics, electron transport, particle transport and transport in the scrape-off layer.

Connor, J. W.; Angioni, C.; Diamond, P. H.; Hammett, G. W.; Hidalgo, C.; Loarte, A.; Mantica, P.

2007-04-01

289

Zero side force volute development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collector scrolls on high performance centrifugal pumps are currently designed with methods which are based on very approximate flowfield models. Such design practices result in some volute configurations causing excessive side loads even at design flowrates. The purpose of this study was to develop and verify computational design tools which may be used to optimize volute configurations with respect to

P. G. Anderson; R. J. Franz; R. C. Farmer; Y. S. Chen

1995-01-01

290

Potential consequences of healthcare recommendations: a focus on the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.  

PubMed

Healthcare guidelines and recommendations have broad-reaching impact. They serve as the evidence to enforce medical testing by establishing a bar for standard of care through their intrinsic credibility but also by affecting reimbursement. In this article, we discuss the various organizations in the United States that develop healthcare policy and guidelines. We focus on the recent recommendations for hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening put forward by these agencies and the potential effect of these documents. Additional discussion is provided on the recent draft HCV screening recommendations provided by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), comparison of these to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines, and professional societies' response to these. Conclusion: As written, the USPSTF recommendations may reduce physician adoption of HCV screening in the 1945-1965 birth cohort as advocated by the CDC. Conflicting guidelines may further confuse providers and the public. This will ultimately hinder recognition of chronic HCV in an otherwise easily identifiable, high prevalence group, allowing progression of disease at a time when therapeutic advances make cure a realistic opportunity for many. PMID:23460345

Satoskar, Rohit; Reau, Nancy

2013-05-27

291

Plasma wall interaction: Important ion induced surface processes and strategy of the EU Task Force  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In future thermo-nuclear fusion devices, such as ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor), the interaction of the plasma with surrounding materials in the vacuum vessel constitutes one of the main remaining engineering problems. The choice of materials is a crucial point, which will determine issues such as the plasma facing components lifetime before refurbishment or the tritium inventory build up in the vessel, which should be limited for safety reasons. In order to tackle these issues, the European Task Force on Plasma Wall Interaction has been implemented in the frame of EFDA (European Fusion Agreement) in the fall 2002 with the aim “to provide ITER with information concerning lifetime-expectations of the divertor target plates and tritium inventory build-up rates in the foreseen starting configuration and to suggest improvements, including material changes, which could be implemented at an appropriate stage.” The EU-PWI-TF brings together the efforts of 24 European associations in the following fields of investigation:Material erosion and transport in tokamaks.Tritium inventory and removal.Transient heat loads on plasma facing components.Dust production and removal.Associated modelling and diagnostic development. This paper will present the organisation of the EU-PWI-TF. It will provide examples for the multitude of surface processes in Plasma Wall Interaction and present the status of knowledge concerning material erosion and hydrogen retention for the choice of ITER materials (Beryllium, Carbon and Tungsten).

Roth, Joachim; Tsitrone, Emmanuelle; Loarte, Alberto

2007-05-01

292

Is the thumb a fifth finger? A study of digit interaction during force production tasks  

PubMed Central

We studied indices of digit interaction in single- and multi-digit maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) tests when the thumb acted either in parallel or in opposition to the fingers. The peak force produced by the thumb was much higher when the thumb acted in opposition to the fingers and its share of the total force in the five-digit MVC test increased dramatically. The fingers showed relatively similar peak forces and unchanged sharing patterns in the four-finger MVC task when the thumb acted in parallel and in opposition to the fingers. Enslaving during one-digit tasks showed relatively mild differences between the two conditions, while the differences became large when enslaving was quantified for multi-digit tasks. Force deficit was pronounced when the thumb acted in parallel to the fingers; it showed a monotonic increase with the number of explicitly involved digits up to four digits and then a drop when all five digits were involved. Force deficit all but disappeared when the thumb acted in opposition to the fingers. However, for both thumb positions, indices of digit interaction were similar for groups of digits that did or did not include the thumb. These results suggest that, given a certain hand configuration, the central nervous system treats the thumb as a fifth finger. They provide strong support for the hypothesis that indices of digit interaction reflect neural factors, not the peripheral design of the hand. An earlier formal model was able to account for the data when the thumb acted in parallel to the fingers. However, it failed for the data with the thumb acting in opposition to the fingers.

Olafsdottir, Halla; Zatsiorsky, Vladimir M.; Latash, Mark L.

2010-01-01

293

An overview of the activities of the OECD/NEA Task Force on adapting computer codes in nuclear applications to parallel architectures  

SciTech Connect

Subsequent to the introduction of High Performance Computing in the developed countries, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) created the Task Force on Adapting Computer Codes in Nuclear Applications to Parallel Architectures (under the guidance of the Nuclear Science Committee`s Working Party on Advanced Computing) to study the growth area in supercomputing and its applicability to the nuclear community`s computer codes. The result has been four years of investigation for the Task Force in different subject fields - deterministic and Monte Carlo radiation transport, computational mechanics and fluid dynamics, nuclear safety, atmospheric models and waste management.

Kirk, B.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Sartori, E. [OCDE/OECD NEA Data Bank, Issy-les-Moulineaux (France); Viedma, L.G. de [Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear, Madrid (Spain)

1997-06-01

294

Effect of bandwidth knowledge of results on the learning of a grip force control task.  

PubMed

An experiment was conducted to investigate the persistence of the effect of "bandwidth knowledge of results (KR)" manipulated during the learning phase of performing a manual force-control task. The experiment consisted of two phases, an acquisition phase with the goal of maintaining 60% maximum force in 30 trials, and a second phase with the objective of maintaining 40% of maximum force in 20 further trials. There were four bandwidths of KR: when performance error exceeded 5, 10, or 15% of the target, and a control group (0% bandwidth). Analysis showed that 5, 10, and 15% bandwidth led to better performance than 0% bandwidth KR at the beginning of the second phase and persisted during the extended trials. PMID:21319605

Ugrinowitsch, Herbert; Ugrinowitsch, Alessandra Aguilar Coca; Benda, Rodolfo Novellino; Tertuliano, Ivan Wallan

2010-12-01

295

Collaborative Research and Development (CR&D). Task Order 0049: Tribological Modeling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research in support of the Air Force Research Laboratory Materials and Manufacturing Directorate was conducted at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio from 1 July 2006 - 1 May 2008. This task worked to develop and validate models for tribological interfaces to...

Y. S. Kang

2008-01-01

296

Assessment of hand function through the coordination of contact forces in manipulation tasks.  

PubMed

Exploration of force coordination has been one of the most often used approaches in studies of hand function. When holding and manipulating a hand-held object healthy individuals are typically able to highly coordinate the perpendicular (grip force; GF) with the tangential component of the contact force (load force; LF). The purpose of this review is to present the findings of our recent studies of GF-LF coordination. Regarding the mechanical factors affecting GF-LF coordination, our data suggest that both different hand segments and their particular skin areas could have markedly different friction properties. It also appears that the absolute, rather than relative safety margin (i.e., how much the actual GF exceeds the minimum value that prevents slipping) should be a variable of choice when assessing the applied magnitude of GF. The safety margin could also be lower in static than in free holding tasks. Regarding the involved neural factors, the data suggest that the increased frequency, rather than an increased range of a cyclic LF could have a prominent detrimental effect on the GF-LF coordination. Finally, it appears that the given instructions (e.g., 'to hold' vs. 'to pull') can prominently alter GF-LF coordination in otherwise identical manipulation tasks. Conversely, the effects of handedness could be relatively week showing only slight lagging of GF in the non-dominant, but not in the dominant hand. The presented findings reveal important aspects of hand function as seen through GF-LF coordination. Specifically, the use of specific hand areas for grasping, calculation of particular safety margins, the role of LF frequency (but not of LF range) and the effects of given instructions should be all taken into account when conducting future studies of manipulation tasks, standardizing their procedures and designing routine clinical tests of hand function. PMID:23717350

Jaric, Slobodan; Uygur, Mehmet

2013-03-28

297

Energetic costs of producing muscle work and force in a cyclical human bouncing task  

PubMed Central

Muscles expend energy to perform active work during locomotion, but they may also expend significant energy to produce force, for example when tendons perform much of the work passively. The relative contributions of work and force to overall energy expenditure are unknown. We therefore measured the mechanics and energetics of a cyclical bouncing task, designed to control for work and force. We hypothesized that near bouncing resonance, little work would be performed actively by muscle, but the cyclical production of force would cost substantial metabolic energy. Human subjects (n = 9) bounced vertically about the ankles at inversely proportional frequencies (1–4 Hz) and amplitudes (15–4 mm), such that the overall rate of work performed on the body remained approximately constant (0.30 ± 0.06 W/kg), but the forces varied considerably. We used parameter identification to estimate series elasticity of the triceps surae tendon, as well as the work performed actively by muscle and passively by tendon. Net metabolic energy expenditure for bouncing at 1 Hz was 1.15 ± 0.31 W/kg, attributable mainly to active muscle work with an efficiency of 24 ± 3%. But at 3 Hz (near resonance), most of the work was performed passively, so that active muscle work could account for only 40% of the net metabolic rate of 0.76 ± 0.28 W/kg. Near resonance, a cost for cyclical force that increased with both amplitude and frequency of force accounted for at least as much of the total energy expenditure as a cost for work. Series elasticity reduces the need for active work, but energy must still be expended for force production.

Kuo, Arthur D.

2011-01-01

298

[Medical device Task Force Monitor in diagnostics of syncope by means of head-up tilt table testing].  

PubMed

Head-up tilt table testing is used for diagnostics of vasovagal syncope. Beat-to-beat blood pressure recording and ECG monitoring is not sufficient for clarification of the syncope mechanisms in individual patients, however. That is why a Task Force Monitor was developed in Graz, Austria. In addition this device enables stroke volume recording by impedance method. Other advantages are calculations of cardiac output, beat-to-beat total peripheral resistance, heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity as well as activity ofsympathicus and parasympathicus assessment. These methods enable detailed hemodynamic analysis during the whole head-up tilt testing duration, the moment of syncope including. PMID:16623279

Siegelová, J; Fiser, B

2006-02-01

299

Development of French nuclear forces. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this thesis is to examine how and why the French undertook the development of their own nuclear force and through this examination, argue that the French nuclear force is not just a classic example of stereotypical French chauvinism. It is more in line with a nation realizing its potential in reacting to perceived threats to its national reputation, sovereignty, and security and the changes in the world arena brought about by the nuclear age. In examining how the French nuclear force developed, the various stages of research, development, and deployment are chronologically detailed. This chronology covers policy as well as technological and economic considerations. Based on fairly realistic interpretations of the French experience over the last century, French leaders felt justified in developing their own nuclear capability. It was not a sudden process, but a gradual accumulation of insecurities about French prestige, national survival, and domestic stability that required a firm and reliable solution.

Wisda, M.J.

1987-11-01

300

Training Decisions System: Development of the Task Characteristics Subsystem.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document summarizes the research undertaken to develop the Task Characteristics Subsystem (TCS), one of four basic subsystems of the prototype Training Decisions System (TDS). The TDS is a computer-assisted decision system that is being developed to a...

B. M. Perrin D. S. Vaughan J. L. Mitchell J. R. Knight R. M. Yadrick

1988-01-01

301

Ricerche paleoclimatiche in ambiente lacustre: il contributo della task force Ambiente Globale e Cambiamenti Climatici. (Paleoclimatic investigations in lacustrine basins: Contribution of task force global environment and climatic change).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the last ten years, paleoclimatic investigations on several crateric, volcano-tectonic, intermontane, and ephemeral lakes of central-southern Italy have been carried out by the researchers of the Global Environment and Climatic Changes Task Force of th...

C. Giraudi B. Narcisi

1994-01-01

302

Air Force Research Laboratory Cryocooler Technology Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of the cryogenic refrigerator and cryogenic integration programs in development and characterization under the Cryogenic Cooling Technology Group, Space Vehicles Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). The vision statement for the group is to support the space community as the center of excellence for developing and transitioning space cryogenic thermal management technologies.This paper

Thomas M. Davis; D. Adam Smith; Ryan M. Easton

2004-01-01

303

Air Force Research Laboratory Cryocooler Technology Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of the cryogenic refrigerator and cryogenic integration programs in development and characterization under the Cryogenic Cooling Technology Group, Space Vehicles Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). The vision statement for the group is to support the space community as the center of excellence for developing and transitioning space cryogenic thermal management technologies. This

Thomas M. Davis; D. Adam Smith; Ryan M. Easton

2004-01-01

304

Development of a Career Task Self-Efficacy Scale: The Kuder Task Self-Efficacy Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study consisted of developing the Kuder Task Self-Efficacy Scale (KTSES). The KTSES is a 30-item scale measuring a person's self-efficacy for tasks corresponding to Kuder's 10 occupational interest areas (Kuder Zytowski, 1991). Responses from the KTSES were compared with responses to the Self-Esteem Inventory (SES; Rosenberg, 1965) and the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale (CDMSE; Taylor Betz, 1983) to

Jennifer L. Lucas; Connie R. Wanberg; Donald G. Zytowski

1997-01-01

305

Report of the Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force. Volume 2. The Role of Material Control and Material Accounting in the Safeguards Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force defined the roles, objectives, and goals of material control and material accounting within the domestic Safeguards Program for licensed strategic special nuclear material (SSNM). The Task Force then...

F. L. Crane W. D. Altman W. B. Brown R. J. Dube J. W. Hockert

1978-01-01

306

Air Force ALP AEF Initiative Wing-Level Cluster Development and Demonstration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to describe the results for the Air Force ALP AEF Initiative Wing-Level Cluster Development and Demonstration task jointly sponsored by the Logistics Readiness Branch of the Air Force Research Laboratories (AFRL/HESR) and D...

N. J. Stute C. S. Allen C. K. Colby

2001-01-01

307

Driving forces for fuelwood choice of households in developing countries: environmental implications for Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy planning is an important task for every nation. Understanding the energy preferences of households influences a major part of energy planning and policy. In the preference system, socio-economic driving forces act critically, dictating energy use. Thus, the present study was undertaken to understand the socio-economic driving forces for energy preferences in developing countries, considering the Energy Ladder and the

Shalina Akther; Masao Koike

2010-01-01

308

Patterns of Task Development: 18 Washington Dental Practices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Levels of task delegation were examined in 18 private dental practices in the State of Washington from October 1973 to September 1974 using the task analysis dental information system developed by the University of California at Los Angeles. The private d...

M. Marcus R. Faine

1975-01-01

309

Air Force cryocooler development for spacecraft  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An overview is given of Air Force sponsored cryocooler development for long duration spacecraft missions. Alternate approaches are being pursued to insure eventual success. The types of closed cycle cryocoolers that are now in advanced development include Vuilleumier, turbo-Brayton, and rotary-reciprocating refrigerators. Linear Stirling coolers with magnetic bearings have also been jointly sponsored by NASA and the Air Force. Technology is also being explored for future coolers using magnetic materials at low temperatures and for refrigerators with sorption compresssors. All of these cryocoolers are presently configured primarily for use with infrared sensor systems, but the designs could be adapted for use with cryogenic fluid storage systems or other applications.

Haskin, William L.

1987-09-01

310

Direct space-charge effects on the ILC damping rings: Task ForceReport  

SciTech Connect

In 2005 a global effort was initiated to conduct studies for a baseline recommendation for the various components of the International Linear Collider (ILC). Work for the damping rings was subdivided in a number of tasks. This Report contains the contribution to this effort by the Authors as Coordinators of the Task Force on space charge. (A slightly reduced version of this document can also be found as part of the ''Configuration Studies and Recommendations for the ILC Damping Rings'', Edts. A. Wolski, et al., LBNL-59449.) The studies documented in this Report were carried out for several of the reference lattices considered for the baseline recommendation. Space charge effects were found to be quite noticeable in the lattices with the longest circumference. Although it does not appear that they could prevent operation of any machine having such lattices they do favor a choice of a ring design with shorter ({approx}6km) circumference at 5 GeV.

Venturini, Marco; Oide, Katsunobu

2006-02-28

311

Long War Concept: Using the Security Cooperation Marine Air Ground Task Force to Address Irregular Threats through Shaping and Deterrence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Security cooperation is a valid and relevant concept, and the security cooperation Marine Air Ground Task Force (SC MAGTF) gives the Marine Corps the capability to address the challenge of building and sustaining partner security capacity to assist in cou...

T. Ziegler

2008-01-01

312

76 FR 63927 - Interagency Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance (ITFAR): An Update on A Public Health Action...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...created in 1999 to coordinate the activities of federal agencies in addressing antimicrobial resistance (AR) in recognition of the increasing importance of AR as a public health threat. The Task Force is co-chaired by...

2011-10-14

313

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force ...  

MedlinePLUS

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement The full report is titled “Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in ...

314

77 FR 18823 - Solicitation for Nominations for Members of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...disparities Application of science to health policy Communication of scientific findings to multiple audiences including...include screening tests, counseling services, and preventive medications. The Task Force makes its recommendations based on...

2012-03-28

315

3 CFR 13632 - Executive Order 13632 of December 7, 2012. Establishing the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Framework (NDRF), the Task Force will identify opportunities for achieving rebuilding success, consistent with the NDRF's commitment...Hurricane Sandy to ensure that all parties have an opportunity to share their needs and viewpoints to...

2013-01-01

316

75 FR 34438 - Defense Science Board Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Defense Science Board Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security will meet in closed session on July 14-15 and on July 29-30, 2010, in Arlington,...

2010-06-17

317

75 FR 43944 - Defense Science Board; Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Defense Science Board Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security will meet in closed session August 18-19, and September 20-21, 2010, in Arlington,...

2010-07-27

318

Building Adaptive Computer-Generated Forces: The Effect of Increasing Task Reactivity on Human and Machine Control Abilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Computer Generated Forces (CGF), to be effective training tools, must exhibit robust, challenging, and realistic behaviors. CGF tasks usually have both cognitive and reactive aspects to them. The reactivity has to co- exist with (higher-level) cognitive a...

A. C. Schultz F. Mintz J. G. Trafton M. D. Bugajska S. Gittens

2001-01-01

319

Interstate Identification Index Name Check Efficacy: Report of the National Task Force to the U.S. Attorney General.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Task Force was formed to conduct a study to determine the accuracy of identifications resulting from name checks of the Interstate Identification Index (III) compared to identifications resulting from fingerprint-based searches of the FBI's criminal h...

1999-01-01

320

ACR White Paper: Task Force to Evaluate the Value Add Impact on Business Models.  

PubMed

Radiology practices are seeing both evolutionary and revolutionary changes in their business models. The Task Force to Evaluate the Value Add Impact on Business Models was charged with considering how radiologists and their practices add value in these novel settings. Both traditional and novel forms of added value were considered. Types of new business models that were evaluated included hybrid groups of radiologists and other practitioners, regional or national megagroups, and novel services both within and beyond the traditional purview of radiology practice. Recommendations for both how to measure and how to capture this value were considered at both the practice and national levels. PMID:19800587

Lexa, Frank; Berlin, Jonathan William; Boland, Giles W L; Smith, Geoffrey Giles; Jensen, Mark D; Seidenwurm, David J; Hoppe, Richard; Stroud, Robert

2009-10-01

321

On call: alert or unsafe? A report of the AORN on-call electronic task force.  

PubMed

Research has linked health care providers' long work hours with patient care errors. Perioperative staff members often work extended hours because of long shifts and being on call. AORN's on-call electronic task force conducted a survey of nurses to determine their work load, call scheduling, and experiences related to fatigue. Of the 1,013 respondents, 67.7% said they had experienced effects of sleep deprivation. A follow-up survey revealed that few call programs are in compliance with AORN's recommended practices. Compliant call programs are detailed for adaptation in other perioperative settings. PMID:17931543

Kenyon, Trudy A G; Gluesing, Rebecca E; White, Karen Y; Dunkel, Wanda L; Burlingame, Byron L

2007-10-01

322

Air Force Research Laboratory Cryocooler Technology Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an overview of the cryogenic refrigerator and cryogenic integration programs in development and characterization under the Cryogenic Cooling Technology Group, Space Vehicles Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). The vision statement for the group is to support the space community as the center of excellence for developing and transitioning space cryogenic thermal management technologies. This paper will describe the range of Stirling, pulse tube; reverse Brayton, and Joule-Thomson cycle cryocoolers currently under development to meet current and future Air Force and Department of Defense requirements. Cooling requirements at 10K, 35K, 60K, 95K, and multistage cooling requirements at 35/85K are addressed. In order to meet these various requirements, the Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate is pursuing various strategic cryocooler and cryogenic integration options. The Air Force Research Laboratory, working with industry partners, is also developing several advanced cryogenic integration technologies that will result in the reduction in current cryogenic system integration penalties and design time. These technologies include the continued development of gimbaled transport systems, 35K and 10K thermal storage units, heat pipes, cryogenic straps, and thermal switches.

Davis, Thomas M.; Smith, D. Adam; Easton, Ryan M.

2004-06-01

323

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Baltimore, Maryland, May 4, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland),…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

324

EULAR recommendations for the management of knee osteoarthritis: report of a task force of the Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutic Trials (ESCISIT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDOsteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease encountered throughout Europe. A task force for the EULAR Standing Committee for Clinical Trials met in 1998 to determine the methodological and logistical approach required for the development of evidence based guidelines for treatment of knee OA. The guidelines were restricted to cover all currently available treatments for knee OA diagnosed either

A Pendleton; N Arden; M Dougados; M Doherty; B Bannwarth; J W J Bijlsma; F Cluzeau; C Cooper; P A Dieppe; K-P Günther; H J Hauselmann; G Herrero-Beaumont; P M Kaklamanis; B Leeb; M Lequesne; S Lohmander; B Mazieres; E-M Mola; K Pavelka; U Serni; B Swoboda; A A Verbruggen; G Weseloh; I Zimmermann-Gorska

2000-01-01

325

Interference and propagation formulas and tables used in the federal communications commission spectrum management task force land mobile frequency assignment model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The computerized frequency assignment program developed by the FCC Spectrum Management Task Force utilizes monitoring van [1] measured occupancy data and models for propagation, interference, and noise. The propagation model was constructed by the Technical Division of the FCC Office of the Chief Engineer from measured FM and television data [2] and National Bureau of Standards measurements in the UHF\\/VHF

JOHN H. McMAHON

1974-01-01

326

An Approach to the Articulation and Coordination of Occupational Preparatory Curriculums from the High School Through the Community College; Paper and Reports of Task Forces I and II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary objective of this project was to produce a suggested plan for promoting and guiding the development and expansion of occupational education in Oregon high schools and community colleges. To achieve the major objective, special task force groups were assembled to work on specific aspects of the total project: labor market data,…

Oregon State Dept. of Employment, Salem.

327

The Fourth R: Reasoning. Proceedings of the Conference of the University/Urban Schools National Task Force (4th, San Juan, Puerto Rico, November 11 & 12, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains proceedings of the Fourth Conference of the University/Urban Schools National Task Force. The conference was held to present information about four programs designed to help high school students to sharpen their reasoning skills. Criteria for program development state that: (1) the program can be taught to teachers in a…

Bossone, Richard M., Ed.

328

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Executive Session. Report of the Proceedings (Cambridge, Massachusetts, April 8, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

329

PR Notice 90-3. Notice to Registrants of Pesticide Products. Announcing the Formation of an Industry-Wide Spray Drift Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Spray Drift Section Task Force has been organized pursuant to provisions of FIFRA 3(c)(2)(B)(ii) to share the cost of developing a generic spray drift data base which is expected to be capable of satisfying spray drift data requirements for virtually al...

1990-01-01

330

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Albuquerque, New Mexico, September 22, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland),…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

331

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Carson, California, January 14, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland),…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

332

Defense Science Board Permanent Task Force on Nuclear Weapons Surety. Report on the Unauthorized Movement of Nuclear Weapons.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Science Board (DSB) Task Force on Nuclear Weapons Surety was tasked by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics (USD AT&L) and the Commander, U.S. Strategic Command to conduct an independent investigation of the...

H. M. Agnew J. C. Crawford J. J. Foster L. D. Welch L. G. Bien

2008-01-01

333

Development and Experimentation of an Eye/Brain/Task Testbed.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The principal objective is to develop a laboratory testbed that will provide a unique capability to elicit, control, record, and analyze the relationship of operator task loading, operator eye movement, and operator brain wave data in a computer system en...

N. Harrington J. Villarreal

1987-01-01

334

A Food Industry Development Task Group for Southeast Kansas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The final report summarizes the development, objectives, organization, membership and financial support of the task group. It presents a background of information on the socioeconomic characteristics of Southeast Kansas with emphasis on the plight of the ...

1970-01-01

335

A report of the ASPS Task Force on regenerative medicine: opportunities for plastic surgery.  

PubMed

In 2011, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) created the Task Force on Regenerative Medicine to address the Society's strong interest in the emerging field of regenerative medicine, particularly cell- and tissue-based therapies applicable to plastic surgery procedures. The Task Force's U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Workgroup is informing ASPS interactions with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research. Engaging in dialogue with the agency to determine which research protocols will produce scientific data necessary to determine safety and efficacy for regenerative cellular therapies can allow research to be targeted to gather data that prove safety and efficacy of specific categories of therapies and/or products. This article reviews the regulatory backdrop of regenerative medicine, briefly reviews the history of regenerative medicine, and then looks at current research and potential future areas of research and clinical application. The historic ability of plastic surgeons to innovate and apply translational research positions the specialty of plastic surgery as a strong leader in clinical applications of regenerative medicine therapies. PMID:23358001

D'Amico, Richard A; Rubin, J Peter; Neumeister, Michael W; Del Vecchio, Daniel A; Cederna, Paul S; Seward, William; Shoaf, Lori

2013-02-01

336

Estimation of low back loading on nurses during patient handling tasks: the importance of bedside reaction force measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

By means of video recording, measurement of ground reaction forces, and biomechanical modeling of the lower part of the body, the low back loading of nurses during patient handling can be estimated. In this study the force exerted on the bedside by a nurse during different patient handling tasks was measured, and the contribution to the moment at the L4\\/L5

Jørgen H Skotte

2001-01-01

337

Using cognitive task analysis to develop simulation-based training for medical tasks.  

PubMed

Pressures to increase the efficacy and effectiveness of medical training are causing the Department of Defense to investigate the use of simulation technologies. This article describes a comprehensive cognitive task analysis technique that can be used to simultaneously generate training requirements, performance metrics, scenario requirements, and simulator/simulation requirements for medical tasks. On the basis of a variety of existing techniques, we developed a scenario-based approach that asks experts to perform the targeted task multiple times, with each pass probing a different dimension of the training development process. In contrast to many cognitive task analysis approaches, we argue that our technique can be highly cost effective because it is designed to accomplish multiple goals. The technique was pilot tested with expert instructors from a large military medical training command. These instructors were employed to generate requirements for two selected combat casualty care tasks-cricothyroidotomy and hemorrhage control. Results indicated that the technique is feasible to use and generates usable data to inform simulation-based training system design. PMID:24084301

Cannon-Bowers, Jan; Bowers, Clint; Stout, Renee; Ricci, Katrina; Hildabrand, Annette

2013-10-01

338

Force coordination in static manipulation tasks performed using standard and non-standard grasping techniques.  

PubMed

We evaluated coordination of the hand grip force (GF; normal component of the force acting at the hand-object contact area) and load force (LF; the tangential component) in a variety of grasping techniques and two LF directions. Thirteen participants exerted a continuous sinusoidal LF pattern against externally fixed handles applying both standard (i.e., using either the tips of the digits or the palms; the precision and palm grasps, respectively) and non-standard grasping techniques (using wrists and the dorsal finger areas; the wrist and fist grasp). We hypothesized (1) that the non-standard grasping techniques would provide deteriorated indices of force coordination when compared with the standard ones, and (2) that the nervous system would be able to adjust GF to the differences in friction coefficients of various skin areas used for grasping. However, most of the indices of force coordination remained similar across the tested grasping techniques, while the GF adjustments for the differences in friction coefficients (highest in the palm and the lowest in the fist and wrist grasp) provided inconclusive results. As hypothesized, GF relative to the skin friction was lowest in the precision grasp, but highest in the palm grasp. Therefore, we conclude that (1) the elaborate coordination of GF and LF consistently seen across the standard grasping techniques could be generalized to the non-standard ones, while (2) the ability to adjust GF using the same grasping technique to the differences in friction of various objects cannot be fully generalized to the GF adjustment when different grasps (i.e., hand segments) are used to manipulate the same object. Due to the importance of the studied phenomena for understanding both the functional and neural control aspects of manipulation, future studies should extend the current research to the transient and dynamic tasks, as well as to the general role of friction in our mechanical interactions with the environment. PMID:19247643

de Freitas, Paulo B; Jaric, Slobodan

2009-02-27

339

Bilingualism and Cognitive-Linguistic Development: Evidence from a Word Association Task and a Sorting Task.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of the responses of monolingual Dutch and bilingual Turkish, Moroccan, and Surinamese children living in the Netherlands to word association and sorting tasks revealed no significant differences among the groups. Results of the study indicated that bilingualism does not affect cognitive-linguistic development. (22 references)…

Appel, Rene

1989-01-01

340

Task Models in the Context of User Interface Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Task models are widely used in the field of user interface development. They represent a human actor's performance or the co-operation of a group of people on or together with a system. For considerable time, it was an open problem in the field how to switch from the analyzing step of task analysis and modeling to the synthesizing step of user interface design. In the meantime, interesting approaches have shown up dealing with this problem and helping to bridge the gap between task modeling and user interface development. In this chapter, some of these approaches are discussed, together with recent concepts used to improve the usability of user interfaces based upon underlying task models.

Szwillus, Gerd

341

Development of a model ''use of intermediate force'' policy and training program for the Department of Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy Central Training Academy has been tasked with the development of a model program to standardize general philosophy, policy, training curriculum, and use of intermediate force tools, equipment, and techniques by protective force personnel at Department of Energy contractor facilities. The paper encompasses applicable Department of Energy authority delineating protective force personnel duties, arrest and use of

L. Glick; B. Graves; T. Leamons

1988-01-01

342

Subsidiary Radio Communications Tasks for Workload Assessment in R&D Simulations. I. Task Development and Workload Scaling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Primary task interference and poor operator acceptance are problems associated with secondary task measures of aircrew workload which limit their usefulness during the later stages of system development. A possible solution to these problems would be to d...

C. A. Shingledecker M. S. Crabtree J. C. Simons J. F. Courtright R. D. O'Donnell

1980-01-01

343

Report of the Census Task Force on beamline control system requirements  

SciTech Connect

A special task force was appointed to study the experience with the present beamline control system at Fermilab and to make recommendations in this area. The charge of the committee and the list of its members are appended. In order to carry out its assignment, the committee conducted a series of meetings in which it discussed the controls situation in general and the best way to approach the user community. The various groups of users were identified, and a letter was written to representatives of these groups asking questions concerning the present system and future needs. The committee met with each group to discuss the response to these questions. Written summaries of the discussions are appended. Conclusions are drawn regarding current problems, systematic upgrades and specific recommendations. (LEW)

Barsotti, E.J.; Bartlett, J.F.; Bogert, V.D.; Borcherding, F.O.; Butler, J.; Czarapata, P.C.; Spalding, W.J.; Thomas, A.D.

1986-10-02

344

Joint Task Force Andrew: the 44th Medical Brigade mental health staff officer's after action review.  

PubMed

The massive Department of Defense deployment in support of Hurricane Andrew relief cast the military medical departments in a new role. Military medical personnel were challenged to apply the traditional principles of combat medicine to a noncombat environment, within the continental United States, within an existing health care infrastructure, in a role subordinate to local civilian health care agencies. As a medical "subject matter expert" assigned to the Joint Task Force Andrew Surgeon's staff, the author worked at the civil-military interface. The lessons learned in his role as a special staff officer should benefit any health care provider involved in disaster relief. They focus on problem areas peculiar to the disaster relief scenario. PMID:8041460

Holsenbeck, L S

1994-03-01

345

Report of the APSAC task force on attachment therapy, reactive attachment disorder, and attachment problems.  

PubMed

Although the term attachment disorder is ambiguous, attachment therapies are increasingly used with children who are maltreated, particularly those in foster care or adoptive homes. Some children described as having attachment disorders show extreme disturbances. The needs of these children and their caretakers are real. How to meet their needs is less clear. A number of attachment-based treatment and parenting approaches purport to help children described as attachment disordered. Attachment therapy is a young and diverse field, and the benefits and risks of many treatments remain scientifically undetermined. Controversies have arisen about potentially harmful attachment therapy techniques used by a subset of attachment therapists. In this report, the Task Force reviews the controversy and makes recommendations for assessment, treatment, and practices. The report reflects American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children's (APSAC) position and also was endorsed by the American Psychological Association's Division 37 and the Division 37 Section on Child Maltreatment. PMID:16382093

Chaffin, Mark; Hanson, Rochelle; Saunders, Benjamin E; Nichols, Todd; Barnett, Douglas; Zeanah, Charles; Berliner, Lucy; Egeland, Byron; Newman, Elana; Lyon, Tom; LeTourneau, Elizabeth; Miller-Perrin, Cindy

2006-02-01

346

EMMI rapid reaction task force on ‘Thermalization in non-Abelian plasmas’  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, different proposals have been put forward on how thermalization proceeds in heavy-ion collisions in the idealized limit of very large nuclei at sufficiently high energy. Important aspects of the parametric estimates at weak coupling may be tested using well-established classical-statistical lattice simulations of the far-from-equilibrium gluon dynamics. This has to be confronted with strong coupling scenarios in related theories based on gauge-string dualities. Furthermore, closely related questions about far-from-equilibrium dynamics arise in early-universe cosmology and in non-relativistic systems of ultracold atoms. These were central topics of the EMMI Rapid Reaction Task Force meeting held on 12-14 December 2011, at the University of Heidelberg, which we report on. Communicated by Professor Achim Schwenk

Berges, Jürgen; Blaizot, Jean-Paul; Gelis, François

2012-08-01

347

Creating a New Model for Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation for Critical Infrastructure: The New York City Climate Change Adaptation Task Force and the NYC Panel on Climate Change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The New York City Climate Change Adaptation Task Force, launched in August 2008, aims to secure the city's critical infrastructure against rising seas, higher temperatures and fluctuating water supplies projected to result from climate change. The Climate Change Adaptation Task Force is part of PlaNYC, the city's long- term sustainability plan, and is composed of over 30 city and state agencies, public authorities and companies that operate the region's roads, bridges, tunnels, mass transit, and water, sewer, energy and telecommunications systems - all with critical infrastructure identified as vulnerable. It is one of the most comprehensive adaptation efforts yet launched by an urban region. To guide the effort, Mayor Michael Bloomberg has formed the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC), modeled on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Experts on the panel include climatologists, sea-level rise specialists, adaptation experts, and engineers, as well as representatives from the insurance and legal sectors. The NPCC is developing planning tools for use by the Task Force members that provide information about climate risks, adaptation and risk assessment, prioritization frameworks, and climate protection levels. The advisory panel is supplying climate change projections, helping to identify at- risk infrastructure, and assisting the Task Force in developing adaptation strategies and guidelines for design of new structures. The NPCC will also publish an assessment report in 2009 that will serve as the foundation for climate change adaptation in the New York City region, similar to the IPCC reports. Issues that the Climate Change Adaptation Task Force and the NPCC are addressing include decision- making under climate change uncertainty, effective ways for expert knowledge to be incorporated into public actions, and strategies for maintaining consistent and effective attention to long-term climate change even as municipal governments cycle through their administrations.

Rosenzweig, C.; Solecki, W. D.; Freed, A. M.

2008-12-01

348

Toward a New Definition of Employability. Report by the North Central Indiana Workforce Literacy Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The North Central Indiana Workplace Literacy Initiative seeks to develop a curriculum management system addressing work force literacy needs and a coordinated human resource investment system meeting individual economic self-sufficiency needs and labor market needs. The workplace of the future will contain six key changes: employers will require…

Center for Remediation Design, Washington, DC.

349

Robust versus optimal strategies for two-alternative forced choice tasks  

PubMed Central

It has been proposed that animals and humans might choose a speed-accuracy tradeoff that maximizes reward rate. For this utility function the simple drift-diffusion model of two-alternative forced-choice tasks predicts a parameter-free optimal performance curve that relates normalized decision times to error rates under varying task conditions. However, behavioral data indicate that only ? 30% of subjects achieve optimality, and here we investigate the possibility that, in allowing for uncertainties, subjects might exercise robust strategies instead of optimal ones. We consider two strategies in which robustness is achieved by relinquishing performance: maximin and robust-satisficing. The former supposes maximization of guaranteed performance under a presumed level of uncertainty; the latter assumes that subjects require a critical performance level and maximize the level of uncertainty under which it can be guaranteed. These strategies respectively yield performance curves parameterized by presumed uncertainty level and required performance. Maximin performance curves for uncertainties in response-to-stimulus interval match data for the lower-scoring 70% of subjects well, and are more likely to explain it than robust-satisficing or alternative optimal performance curves that emphasize accuracy. For uncertainties in signal-to-noise ratio, neither maximin nor robust-satisficing performance curves adequately describe the data. We discuss implications for decisions under uncertainties, and suggest further behavioral assays.

Zacksenhouse, M.; Bogacz, R.; Holmes, P.

2012-01-01

350

The affect of contact force sensations on user performance in virtual assembly tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a realistic virtual assembly environment is challenging because of the complexity of the physical processes\\u000a and the limitation of available VR technology. Many research activities in this domain primarily focused on particular aspects\\u000a of the assembly task such as the feasibility of assembly operations in terms of interference between the manipulated parts.\\u000a The virtual assembly environment reported

Samir Garbaya; U. Zaldivar-colado

2007-01-01

351

Periodic health examination, 1995 update: 2. Prevention of dental caries. The Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To make recommendations, based on current evidence, for practising physicians and dentists on interventions for the prevention of dental caries in their patients. OPTIONS: Systemic fluoride administration, professionally administered fluoride, use of fluoride mouth rinses, fissure sealants, oral-hygiene practices, dietary practices, identification of groups at a high risk of dental caries, and early diagnosis and treatment. OUTCOMES: Reduced prevalence of dental caries and fluorosis, longer retention of teeth and lower treatment costs. EVIDENCE: Several MEDLINE searches were conducted for articles published from January 1980 to December 1992, including relevant review articles. VALUES: Relevant clinical findings were evaluated and categorized with the use of the evidence-based methods and values of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination. Recommendations were developed for each method of caries prevention, with reduced incidence of dental caries and improved prevalence of caries-free teeth given high values. BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: The potential benefits of these measures in the long-term are a lower incidence of tooth decay, longer retention of teeth and prevention of fluorosis. The cost saving can be considerable for patients and insurers; however, implementation of some recommendations will be difficult, since the traditional preventive practices of dentists and dental hygienists are not easily changed. RECOMMENDATIONS: There is good evidence that the following manoeuvres are effective in preventing dental caries: use of dentifrices containing fluoride, fluoridation of drinking water, fluoride supplements for patients in areas where there is a low level (0.3 ppm or less) of fluoride in the drinking water, professionally applied topical fluoride and the use of fluoride mouth rinses for patients with very active decay or at a high risk of dental caries and selective use of professionally applied fissure sealants on permanent molar teeth. There is poor evidence that the following manoeuvres are effective in preventing dental caries: professionally applied topical fluoride and the use of fluoride mouth rinses for patients with a low risk of caries, toothbrushing (without a dentifrice containing fluoride) and flossing, cleaning of teeth by a dentist or dental hygienist before topical application of fluoride or at a dental visit and dietary counselling for the general population. There is good evidence to recommend against the use of over-the-counter fluoride mouth rinses by the general population. VALIDATION: These guidelines are compatible with those of the US Preventive Services Task Force. SPONSOR: These guidelines were developed and endorsed by the task force, which is funded by Health Canada. Major funding was provided by the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Toronto, Toronto and the Faculty of Dentistry of Dalhousie University, Halifax.

Lewis, D W; Ismail, A I

1995-01-01

352

Symptom and Toxicity Drug Development Task Force (DDTF)  

Cancer.gov

The DDTF was formed by the NCI Symptom Management and Quality of Life Steering Committee (SxQOL SC) in response to a lack of agents for amelioration of cancer treatment-related toxicity and cancer-related symptoms. Its purpose is to increase the availability of biologically plausible, pharmacologic interventions for clinical trial assessment that have the potential to reduce cancer treatment-related toxicity or cancer disease-related symptoms.

353

Toward a State of Esteem. The Final Report of the California Task Force to Promote Self-esteem and Personal and Social Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains the final report of a California Task Force created to promote self-esteem and personal responsibility. It begins with an executive summary listing key principles of the task force and providing recommendations and discussions in each of six major areas upon which the report focuses. The next section presents the task

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

354

Preventive medicine in Task Force 1st Armored Division during Operation Iraqi Freedom.  

PubMed

Task Force 1st Armored Division (TF1AD) deployed to Baghdad and South Central Iraq from April 2003 through July 2004. TF1AD preventive medicine had responsibility for ensuring divisional force health protection, including soldier health, disease and nonbattle injury mitigation, health promotion, and civil affairs operations. Heat injury, diarrheal disease, skin and respiratory disease, and eye and musculoskeletal injury rates were high. Command emphasis and preventive medicine action resulted in better living conditions and personal sanitation. To counter the threat, the TF1AD preventive medicine/ division surgeon team used a "spiraling out" approach that focused attention first on hand-washing, potable water, vector control, waste disposal, and food sanitation and later on noise, asbestos, environmental contamination, and radiation. In April 2004, TF1AD shifted focus to the Multinational Division Central-South region of Iraq and many similar problems occurred as in May 2003, although they were less severe, in part because of the lessons learned in Baghdad. PMID:17036596

Harris, Mark D; Johnson, Christopher R

2006-09-01

355

Wrist splint effects on muscle activity and force during a handgrip task.  

PubMed

Wrist splints are commonly prescribed to limit wrist motion and provide support at night and during inactive periods but are often used in the workplace. In theory, splinting the wrist should reduce wrist extensor muscle activity by stabilizing the joint and reducing the need for co-contraction to maintain posture. Ten healthy volunteers underwent a series of 24 10-s gripping trials with surface electromyography on 6 forearm muscles. Trials were randomized between splinted and nonsplinted conditions with three wrist postures (30 degrees flexion, neutral, and 30 degrees extension) and four grip efforts. Custom-made Plexiglas splints were taped to the dorsum of the hand and wrist. It was found that when simply holding the dynamometer, use of a splint led to a small (<1% MVE) but significant reduction in activity for all flexor muscles and extensor carpi radialis (all activity <4% maximum). At maximal grip, extensor muscle activity was significantly increased with the splints by 7.9-23.9% MVE. These data indicate that splinting at low-to-moderate grip forces may act to support the wrist against external loading, but appears counterproductive when exerting maximal forces. Wrist bracing should be limited to periods of no to light activity and avoided during tasks that require heavy efforts. PMID:18843160

Domizio, Jennifer Di; Mogk, Jeremy P M; Keir, Peter J

2008-08-01

356

Development of a valid simulation assessment for a military dismounted assault task.  

PubMed

The Australian Defence Force is currently developing physical standards commensurate with job demands. Vital to this development process has been the accurate profiling of common military tasks. One such task required of all dismounted combat soldiers, an offensive assault on an enemy force, was the subject of in-depth profiling. In addition to overall assault performance, potential differences among patrol roles (scout, gunner, and flank) were investigated. Three different mock assaults of 100 to 150 m were performed by three patrols comprising qualified experienced infantry soldiers. Each soldier was fitted with a heart rate monitor and wore a global positioning device. Average assault duration was 6.5 minutes and required nineteen 7-m bounds performed on a 22-seconds duty cycle at 75% heart rate reserve and a work to rest ratio 1:4. Assaults conducted in more densely vegetated terrain resulted in significantly reduced (p < 0.05) bound distance, bound duration, and movement velocity. Results indicated significant performance differences (p < 0.05) among patrol roles for external load carried, heart rate response, bound duration, and distance covered while movement velocity was not different (p > 0.05). As a result of profiling the assault task, a valid simulation capable of assessing soldiers' physical capacity to perform this task was developed. PMID:23707119

Silk, Aaron J; Billing, Daniel C

2013-03-01

357

Modeling good research practices--overview: a report of the ISPOR-SMDM Modeling Good Research Practices Task Force-1.  

PubMed

Models-mathematical frameworks that facilitate estimation of the consequences of health care decisions-have become essential tools for health technology assessment. Evolution of the methods since the first ISPOR modeling task force reported in 2003 has led to a new task force, jointly convened with the Society for Medical Decision Making, and this series of seven papers presents the updated recommendations for best practices in conceptualizing models; implementing state-transition approaches, discrete event simulations, or dynamic transmission models; dealing with uncertainty; and validating and reporting models transparently. This overview introduces the work of the task force, provides all the recommendations, and discusses some quandaries that require further elucidation. The audience for these papers includes those who build models, stakeholders who utilize their results, and, indeed, anyone concerned with the use of models to support decision making. PMID:22990082

Caro, J Jaime; Briggs, Andrew H; Siebert, Uwe; Kuntz, Karen M

358

A report of the task force on career competencies in oral communication skills for community college students seeking immediate entry into the work force  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports the results of the SCA Task Force on Career Competencies which investigated the oral communication skills needed by community college students entering careers. The report summarizes relevant literature and the results of surveys of (1) state instructional offices and (2) community college career advisory committee members in various occupational areas. Findings indicate a strong need for group

John Muchmore; Kathleen Galvin

1983-01-01

359

Postsecondary Education and Individuals with Disabilities: Recommendations to New York State for Strategies To Increase Access and Opportunity. Report of the Task Force on Postsecondary Education and Disabilities with Comments from the Expert Panel, Presidents' Panel, Regional Public Forums and Task Force Steering Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents the recommendations of a New York State task force that addressed ways to enhance access to higher education for individuals with disabilities. Individual focus groups developed strategies in five areas: (1) preparation and readiness for college-level study, (2) funding streams, (3) faculty education and instruction, (4)…

Walters, Jonathan

360

[Environmental investigation of ground water contamination at Wright- Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio]. Volume 4, Health and Safety Plan (HSP); Phase 1, Task 4 Field Investigation report: Draft  

SciTech Connect

This Health and Safety Plan (HSP) was developed for the Environmental Investigation of Ground-water Contamination Investigation at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, based on the projected scope of work for the Phase 1, Task 4 Field Investigation. The HSP describes hazards that may be encountered during the investigation, assesses the hazards, and indicates what type of personal protective equipment is to be used for each task performed. The HSP also addresses the medical monitoring program, decontamination procedures, air monitoring, training, site control, accident prevention, and emergency response.

Not Available

1991-10-01

361

Development of "'Hot" Executive Function: The Children's Gambling Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Development of affective decision-making was studied in 48 children at two ages (3 and 4 years) using a simplified version of the Iowa Gambling Task (Bechara, Damasio, Damasio, & Anderson, 1994). On each of 50 trials, children chose from 1 of 2 decks of cards that, when turned, displayed happy and sad faces, corresponding to rewards (candies) won…

Kerr, Aurora; Zelazo, Philip David

2004-01-01

362

Analysis of Vertical Ground Reaction Force Variables during a Sit to Stand Task in Participants Recovering from a Hip Fracture  

PubMed Central

Background A sit to stand task following a hip fracture may be achieved through compensations (e.g. bilateral arms and uninvolved lower extremity), not restoration of movement strategies of the involved lower extremity. The primary purpose was to compare upper and lower extremity movement strategies using the vertical ground reaction force during a sit to stand task in participants recovering from a hip fracture to control participants. The secondary purpose was to evaluate the correlation between vertical ground reaction force variables and validated functional measures. Methods Twenty eight community dwelling older adults, 14 who had a hip fracture and 14 control participants completed the Sit to Stand task on an instrumented chair designed to measure vertical ground reaction force, performance based tests (Timed up and go, Berg Balance Scale and gait speed) and a self report Lower Extremity Measure. A MANOVA was used to compare functional scales and vertical ground reaction force variables between groups. Bivariate correlations were assessed using Pearson Product Moment correlations. Findings The vertical ground reaction force variables showed significantly higher bilateral arm force, higher uninvolved side peak force and asymmetry between the involved and uninvolved sides for the participants recovering from a hip fracture (Wilks’ Lambda = 3.16, p = 0.019). Significant correlations existed between the vertical ground reaction force variables and validated functional measures. Interpretation Participants recovering from a hip fracture compensated using their arms and the uninvolved side to perform a Sit to Stand. Lower extremity movement strategies captured during a Sit to Stand task were correlated to scales used to assess function, balance and falls risk.

Houck, Jeff; Kneiss, Janet; Bukata, Susan V.; Puzas, J. Edward

2011-01-01

363

Guidelines for cognitive behavioral training within doctoral psychology programs in the United States: report of the Inter-organizational Task Force on Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology Doctoral Education.  

PubMed

The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies initiated an interorganizational task force to develop guidelines for integrated education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology at the doctoral level in the United States. Fifteen task force members representing 16 professional associations participated in a year-long series of conferences, and developed a consensus on optimal doctoral education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology. The recommendations assume solid foundational training that is typical within applied psychology areas such as clinical and counseling psychology programs located in the United States. This article details the background, assumptions, and resulting recommendations specific to doctoral education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology, including competencies expected in the areas of ethics, research, and practice. PMID:23046769

Klepac, Robert K; Ronan, George F; Andrasik, Frank; Arnold, Kevin D; Belar, Cynthia D; Berry, Sharon L; Christofff, Karen A; Craighead, Linda W; Dougher, Michael J; Dowd, E Thomas; Herbert, James D; McFarr, Lynn M; Rizvi, Shireen L; Sauer, Eric M; Strauman, Timothy J

2012-05-12

364

Early childhood: breastfeeding, "solving the problem of childhood obesity within a generation," an excerpt from the White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity: report to the President, May 2010.  

PubMed

On February 9, 2010, the same day the First Lady launched the Let's Move! campaign, President Obama created a new interagency White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity, charged with creating and implementing a comprehensive action plan to end the childhood obesity epidemic. The resulting action plan was developed by experts from across the federal government, with substantial public input, and released on May 11. The first chapter of the task force report discusses strategies for getting children a healthy start on life, including supporting breastfeeding. Here is an excerpt from the discussion of breastfeeding that appears in the report. The full text of the task force report can be found at www.letsmove.gov . —Martha Coven, JD Special Assistant to the President for Mobility and Opportunity White House Domestic Policy Council Lead Staff, White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity. PMID:20942695

2010-10-01

365

Developing Task-Specific RBF Hand Gesture Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper we develop hand gesture learning and recognition techniques to be used in advanced vision applications, such\\u000a as the ActIPret system for understanding the activities of expert operators for education and training. Radial Basis Function\\u000a (RBF) networks have been developed for reactive vision tasks and work well, exhibiting fast learning and classification. Specific\\u000a extensions of our existing work

A. Jonathan Howell; Kingsley Sage; Hilary Buxton

2003-01-01

366

Development of Anticipatory Orienting Strategies During Locomotor Tasks in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

GRASSO, R., C. ASSAIANTE, P. PRÉVOST AND A. BERTHOZ. Development of anticipatory orienting strategies during locomotor tasks in children. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV 22(4) 533–539, 1998.—Some basic problems related to the development of goal-directed locomotion in humans are reviewed here. A preliminary study is presented which was aimed at investigating the emergence of anticipatory head orienting strategies during goal-directed locomotion in

R Grasso; C Assaiante; P Prévost; A Berthoz

1998-01-01

367

Report of the Special Task Force to Study Not-for-Profit Hospitals and Unsponsored Charity Care.  

PubMed

Texas not-for-profit hospitals recently received intense scrutiny regarding their involvement in charity-related contributions when Texas Attorney General Jim Mattox formed the Task Force to Study Not-for-Profit Hospitals and Unsponsored Charity Care. This article details the task force's recommendations concerning charity care obligations of Texas not-for-profit hospitals. Setting the stage for these recommendations was a broad definition of charitable services that included costs for delivering services to indigents and for providing community services to fulfill the hospital's charitable, religious, educational, research, or eleemosynary purposes. The task force unanimously agreed that a mandated level of charity care was incongruent with the hospitals' individual missions and specific community needs, but they supported the formation of standard accounting procedures for charitable services and the voluntary submission of their mission statements to the attorney general of Texas. While the hospitals' role in providing charitable services is very important, the task force emphasized that the overall need for adequate financing and reimbursement of health care is a societal problem that needs specific state and federal actions. PMID:2336640

Anderson, R J; Milburn, L T

1990-04-01

368

“Bad Girls Rule”: An Interdisciplinary Feminist Commentary on the Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feminist, critical, and postmodern scholars have long recognized sexuality as a site of power relations. The recently released Report of the APA (American Psychological Association) Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls is a welcome addition to ongoing feminist and activist conversations on how to intervene on issues of sexuality in the name of girls' and women's health. This article

Kari Lerum; Shari L. Dworkin

2009-01-01

369

Screening for Prostate Cancer: An Update of the Evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data Extraction: Two reviewers abstracted relevant information using standardized abstraction forms and graded article quality according to Task Force criteria. Data Synthesis: No conclusive direct evidence shows that screening reduces prostate cancer mortality. Some screening tests can detect prostate cancer at an earlier stage than clinical detec- tion. One study provides good evidence that radical prostatectomy reduces disease-specific mortality for

Russell Harris; Kathleen N. Lohr

2002-01-01

370

Implementation of the Superfund alternative remedial contracting strategy (ARCS): Report of the Administrator's Task Force. Implementation plan. Directive  

SciTech Connect

The report includes results of a Task Force analysis of the criticism the EPA received about the management of the Superfund contracting program. EPA was accused of allowing Superfund contractors to spend an inordinate amount of public funds on activities other than the direct clean-up of contaminated sites. The document provides a summary of recommendations, strategies and proposed milestones to implement.

Not Available

1991-11-27

371

Analysis of applied forces and electromyography of back and shoulders muscles when performing a simulated hand scaling task  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hand scaling is a physically demanding task responsible for numerous overexertion injuries in underground mining. Scaling requires the miner to use a long pry bar to remove loose rock, reducing the likelihood of rock fall injuries. The experiments described in this article simulated “rib” scaling (scaling a mine wall) from an elevated bucket to examine force generation and electromyographic responses

William Porter; Sean Gallagher; Janet Torma-Krajewski

2010-01-01

372

Interreliance: An Energy Awareness Project for the Community Colleges. A Report of the Task Force on Energy Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the activities and recommendations of the Chancellor's Energy Task Force, which was established to give emphasis and direction to systemwide energy education efforts within the Hawaii community colleges. Part I describes the activities of the Energy Conservation on Campus Committee, which resulted in campuswide plans to…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Office of the Chancellor for Community Colleges.

373

Research on Youth in an Age of Complexity: The Rockefeller Youth Task Force and Daniel Yankelovich, 1965-1975  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The period between 1965 and 1975 encompasses important events associated with the peak of the youth movement in the 1960s and its demise in the 1970s. The period was an "age of complexity" according to Daniel Yankelovich, a social scientist hired by John D. Rockefeller 3rd's Youth Task Force to study the wave of protests that Rockefeller felt…

Richardson, Theresa M.

2008-01-01

374

Criticism of the Report of the Task Force on the Role of Psychology in the Criminal Justice System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Takes exception to a task force report that assigns a narrow, potentially ethically dubious psychometrician\\/therapist role to the correctional\\/forensic psychologist. A systems or interventionist model is espoused in which a variety of roles in psychosocial areas are undertaken with the goal of facilitating more harmonious interactions between the individual and the social system.

Ann S. McColskey

1980-01-01

375

The Challenge: Latinos in a Changing California. The Report of the University of California SCR 43 Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a report from a task force composed of scholars, professionals, and community leaders to the State of California and the University of California (UC) addressing issues affecting Latinos in California. The following major recommendations are discussed: (1) continuing research must be undertaken concerning dynamic changes and…

California Univ., Riverside. Consortium on Mexico and the United States.

376

Analysis: Nursing Homes and Related Health Care Problems. Report of the Task Force on Long-Term Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Long-term care has become more of a public responsibility than a family responsibility in Connecticut as a result of economic and social factors. Issues considered by the task force on long-term care relate to the determination of need for nursing home be...

1975-01-01

377

Citizens' Task Force on Higher Education, State of Ohio. Final Report to the General Assembly and the Board of Regents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document discusses some of the public policy issues confronting higher education in Ohio as defined by the Citizen's Task Force on Higher Education. Brief discussion and recommendations concern access to higher education, lifelong learning, educational planning, and educational finance. Appendixes include the legislative charge,…

Citizen's Task Force on Higher Education, Columbus, OH.

378

Realizing the Promise of Fusion Energy: Final Report of the Task Force on Fusion Energy, August 1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

In December 1998, Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson asked the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board to form a Task Force on Fusion Energy to conduct a review of the Department's fusion energy technologies, both inertial and magnetic, and to provide recommendations as to the role of these technologies as part of a national fusion energy research program. This report reflects

Richard A. Meserve; Ira Bernstein; Edward Frieman; Hermann Grunder; Robert Hanflin; Steven Koonin; Lawrence Papay; Stewart Prager; Barrett Ripin; Allen Sessoms

1999-01-01

379

REDUCING THE IMPACTS OF TRANSPORTATION ON GLOBAL WARMING: SUMMARY OF NEW YORK GREENHOUSE GAS TASK FORCE RECOMMENDATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global climate change is fundamentally caused by fossil fuel combustion. The transportation sector generates more than one-third of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in New York and represents the fastest-growing source of GHG emissions in the state. A summary of the recommendations of the New York Greenhouse Gas Task Force for reducing GHG emissions from the transportation sector is provided. Using

Steven Winkelman; Greg Dierkers

2003-01-01

380

The Information Infrastructure: Reaching Society's Goals. A Report of the Information Infrastructure Task Force Committee on Applications and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for public comment and discussion, this document is the second volume of papers in which the Information Infrastructure Task Force has attempted to articulate in clear terms, with sufficient detail, how improvements in the National Information Infrastructure (NII) can help meet other social goals. These are not plans to be enacted, but…

National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.

381

The Roles of the Federal Government in Telecommunications. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Eight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy reviews the role played by the Federal Government in regulating the telecommunications industries and recommends broader federal jurisdiction. The history of federal action in telecommunications has been one of ad hoc responses to discrete problems, leading to an inefficient,…

Rostow, Eugene V.

382

Trends in the Development and Tasks of Modern Quantum Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main advances are surveyed and the principal trends in the development of modern quantum chemistry are noted. The intensification of the linkage between theoretical and experimental research is emphasised. The tasks in various branches of quantum chemistry of greatest current interest are analysed. The electron clouds and the electronic processes in molecules and solids, intermolecular interaction, intramolecular dynamics, elementary processes in gas and condensed phases, and phenomena determined by the non-adiabatic electronic-nuclear interaction are examined. The tasks associated with the development of a theory of the application of physical research methods in chemistry and also those concerned with the applied quantum chemistry, namely theoretical materials science and quantum molecular biology, are discussed. The role of computer modelling is emphasised and the trends in the development of quantum-chemical methods are briefly analysed. The bibliography includes 269 references.

Sokolov, N. D.

1988-02-01

383

A Comparison of Perceptions of Administrative Tasks and Professional Development Needs of Chairpersons/Heads of Departments in Australia and the U.S.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management tasks of department chairs and their perceived needs for staff development were studied in Australian Colleges of Advanced Education (CAE), U.S. state colleges, and a U.S. university. Data were obtained from 679 Australian and 98 U.S. department heads, using similar instruments developed by the Nebraska-Lincoln Task Force on Management…

Seagren, Alan T.; Creswell, John W.

384

Cost Analysis of Air Force On-the-Job Training: Development and Demonstration of a Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A research project was developed to construct and demonstrate a methodology for estimating the costs of conducting on-the-job training (OJT) in the Air Force. The project focused on the formal upgrade training to the three, five, and seven skill levels. Project efforts involved five major tasks: literature review, cost factor identification, cost…

Eisele, Charles R.; And Others

385

Engineering development of selective agglomeration: Task 6, Operation of the Component Development Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to summarize the component development and laboratory binder test work at Wilsonville during Task 6. This Task included the construction and startup of the Component Development Test Facility (CDTF), coal procurement, evaluation of unit operation and dewatering performance, laboratory binder tests for diesel and heptane, production characterization, and vendor tests. Data evaluation, interpretation, and analysis are not included in this report, but will be discussed in the Task 7 report.

Not Available

1991-09-01

386

Using Students' Design Tasks to Develop Scientific Abilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To help students develop the scientific abilities desired in the 21st century workplace, four different types of student design tasksâobservation, verification, application, and investigation experimentsâhave been developed and implemented in our calculus-based introductory courses. Students working in small groups are engaged in designing and conducting their own experiments to observe some physical phenomena, test a physical principle, build a real-life device, solve a complex problem, or conduct an open-inquiry investigation. A preliminary study has shown that, probed by a performance-based task, the identified scientific abilities are more explicitly demonstrated by design-lab students than non-design lab students. In this paper, detailed examples of the design tasks and assessment results will be reported.

Zou, Xueli

2009-06-24

387

The design of manual handling tasks: revised tables of maximum acceptable weights and forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four new manual handling experiments are reviewed. The experiment used male and female subjects to study lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, and carrying tasks. Each experiment used a psychophysical methodology with measurements of oxygen consumption, heart rate, and anthropometric characteristics. Independent variables included task frequency, distance, height and duration; object size and handles; extended horizontal reach; and combination tasks. The results

Stover H. Snook; Vincent M. Ciriello

1991-01-01

388

Unilateral arm strength training improves contralateral peak force and rate of force development.  

PubMed

Neural adaptation following maximal strength training improves the ability to rapidly develop force. Unilateral strength training also leads to contralateral strength improvement, due to cross-over effects. However, adaptations in the rate of force development and peak force in the contralateral untrained arm after one-arm training have not been determined. Therefore, we aimed to detect contralateral effects of unilateral maximal strength training on rate of force development and peak force. Ten adult females enrolled in a 2-month strength training program focusing of maximal mobilization of force against near-maximal load in one arm, by attempting to move the given load as fast as possible. The other arm remained untrained. The training program did not induce any observable hypertrophy of any arms, as measured by anthropometry. Nevertheless, rate of force development improved in the trained arm during contractions against both submaximal and maximal loads by 40-60%. The untrained arm also improved rate of force development by the same magnitude. Peak force only improved during a maximal isometric contraction by 37% in the trained arm and 35% in the untrained arm. One repetition maximum improved by 79% in the trained arm and 9% in the untrained arm. Therefore, one-arm maximal strength training focusing on maximal mobilization of force increased rapid force development and one repetition maximal strength in the contralateral untrained arm. This suggests an increased central drive that also crosses over to the contralateral side. PMID:18443814

Adamson, Michael; Macquaide, Niall; Helgerud, Jan; Hoff, Jan; Kemi, Ole Johan

2008-04-29

389

Current Status and Tasks in Development of Cable Recycling Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper shows current status and tasks in development of cable recycling technology and it’s items to be solved. Electric cable recycle system has been activated especially for copper conductor recycle in Japan. Previously removed cable coverings materials were mainly land filled. But landfill capacity is decreased and limited in recent years, at the same time, recycle technology was highly developed. A cable recycle technology has 4 tasks. (1) Applying new high efficiency separation system instead of electrostatic and gravity methods to classify mixed various kind of plastics materials including recently developed ecological material (ex PE, PVC, Rubber), (2) Removing heavy metal, especially lead from PVC material, (3) Treatment of optical glass fiber core, which has possibility going to be harmful micro particles, and (4) Establishment of social recycle system for electric wire and cable. Taking action for these tasks shall be proceeded under environmentally sensitive technology together with local government, user, manufacturer, and waste-disposal company on cost performance basis.

Ezure, Takashi; Goto, Kazuhiko

390

Preserving Digital Information: Report of the Task Force on Archiving of Digital Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Preserving Digital Information_, produced by a task force commissioned by The Commission on Preservation and Access (CPA) and The Research Libraries Group (RLG) is available on the Internet. The purpose of this 64-page study "was to investigate the means of ensuring 'continued access indefinitely into the future of records stored in digital electronic form.'" The authors consisted of individuals from industry, museums, archives and libraries, scholarly societies, and government, among others. Its major findings include: "1) The first line of defense against loss of valuable digital information rests with the creators, providers and owners of digital information; 2) Long-term preservation of digital information on a scale adequate for the demands of future research and scholarship will require a deep infrastructure capable of supporting a distributed system of digital archives; 3) A critical component of the digital archiving infrastructure is the existence of a sufficient number of trusted organizations capable of storing, migrating and providing access to digital collections; 4) A process of certification for digital archives is needed to create an overall climate of trust about the prospects of preserving digital information; and 5) Certified digital archives must have the right and duty to exercise an aggressive rescue function as a fail-safe mechanism for preserving valuable digital information that is in jeopardy of destruction, neglect or abandonment by its current custodian." The report is available at present in Adobe Acrobat .pdf, Microsoft Word 6.0, and ASCII rich text formats. An HTML version will be available shortly. http://www.rlg.org/ArchTF/ ftp://ftp.rlg.org/pub/archtf/ ftp to ftp.rlg.org change directory to pub/archtf

391

Evidence for the Reaffirmation of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation on Screening for High Blood Pressure: Evidence Synthesis, Number 56.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2006, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) decided to reexamine the evidence in order to reaffirm its 2003 recommendation on screening for high blood pressure (or hypertension). The Task Force issues a reaffirmation update for a topic that ...

T. Miller T. Wolff

2007-01-01

392

7 CFR Exhibit D to Subpart B of... - Fact Sheet-The Federal Interagency Task Force on Food and Shelter for the Homeless  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Sheet-The Federal Interagency Task Force on Food and Shelter for the Homeless D Exhibit D to Subpart B of Part 1955 Agriculture ...The Federal Interagency Task Force on Food and Shelter for the Homeless Editorial Note: Exhibit D is not published in the...

2013-01-01

393

Report to the Interagency Coal Task Force, Project Independence Blueprint, on the Modal Transportation Costs for Coal in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of a study conducted for the Interagency Coal Task Force, Project Independence Blueprint. The objective of the Coal Task Force is to determine the potential for coal production and consumption by 1980 and beyond for the Pr...

1974-01-01

394

Indian Nations At Risk: Listening to the People. Summaries of Papers Commissioned by the Indian Nations At Risk Task Force of the U.S. Department of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume contains summaries of 20 papers commissioned by the Indian Nations At Risk Task Force. Based on research, testimony, and written materials submitted to the Task Force by hundreds of educational practitioners and concerned citizens, the papers provide in-depth analyses of current conditions in Native education and set forth rationale,…

Cahape, Patricia, Ed.; Howley, Craig B., Ed.

395

Creating a New Model for Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation for Critical Infrastructure: The New York City Climate Change Adaptation Task Force and the NYC Panel on Climate Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The New York City Climate Change Adaptation Task Force, launched in August 2008, aims to secure the city's critical infrastructure against rising seas, higher temperatures and fluctuating water supplies projected to result from climate change. The Climate Change Adaptation Task Force is part of PlaNYC, the city's long- term sustainability plan, and is composed of over 30 city and state

C. Rosenzweig; W. D. Solecki; A. M. Freed

2008-01-01

396

Staff Report on the Guaranteed Student Loan Program, Belmont Task Force Recommendations. Prepared for the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education of the Committee on Education and Labor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recommendations of the Belmont Task Force concerning the problem of student loan defaults are offered to the U.S. House of Representatives. The task force concludes that the purpose of the Guaranteed Student Loan (GSL) program has changed significantly in the last decade. While originally established as a loan of convenience for middle-income…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

397

A Review of the Purpose and Scope Statements of the Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and Competitiveness of the Arizona Board of Regents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the working papers in the final report of the Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and Competitiveness, this document presents a review, designed to raise questions, of the Task Force's purpose and scope statements. The primary portion of the study was a series of interviews with 105 Arizonans (holding key…

Coopers & Lybrand, New York, NY.

398

Raising the Bar: Aligning and Elevating Teacher Preparation and the Teaching Profession. A Report of the American Federation of Teachers Teacher Preparation Task Force  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The American Federation of Teachers Teacher Preparation Task Force was established to examine the research on what works and what does not work in the field of teacher preparation as a basis for making policy recommendations. Just as important, the task force considered how best to implement such policy recommendations in a way that takes into…

American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2012

2012-01-01

399

Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw: Report of a Task Force of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

ONJ has been increasingly suspected to be a potential complication of bisphosphonate therapy in recent years. Thus, the ASBMR leadership appointed a multidisciplinary task force to address key questions related to case definition, epidemiology, risk factors, diagnostic imaging, clinical management, and future areas for research related to the disorder. This report summarizes the findings and recommendations of the task force.

Sundeep Khosla; David Burr; Jane Cauley; David W Dempster; Peter R Ebeling; Dieter Felsenberg; Robert F Gagel; Vincente Gilsanz; Theresa Guise; Sreenivas Koka; Laurie K McCauley; Joan McGowan; Marc D McKee; Suresh Mohla; David G Pendrys; Lawrence G Raisz; Salvatore L Ruggiero; David M Shafer; Lillian Shum; Stuart L Silverman; Catherine H Van Poznak; Nelson Watts; Sook-Bin Woo; Elizabeth Shane

2007-01-01

400

Developing Adaptive Proficiency in Special Forces Officers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Adaptive proficiency is critical for operating in the dynamic Special Forces (SF) mission environment and a recent focus on this requirement has resulted in a greater emphasis on adaptability in current training for SF. This report describes the developme...

S. S. White R. A. Mueller-Hanson D. W. Dorsey E. D. Pulakos M. M. Wisecarver

2005-01-01

401

"Bad girls rule": an interdisciplinary feminist commentary on the report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls.  

PubMed

Feminist, critical, and postmodern scholars have long recognized sexuality as a site of power relations. The recently released Report of the APA (American Psychological Association) Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls is a welcome addition to ongoing feminist and activist conversations on how to intervene on issues of sexuality in the name of girls' and women's health. This article offers a critical interdisciplinary analysis of this influential APA report, expanding on and challenging several of its main claims. This article critiques the report as over-determining the negative impact of sexualization; offers other literatures as critical additions including feminist literature on media, consumer culture, gender, and the body, and earlier "pro-desire" feminist psychology scholarship; and critiques the task force's conflations of objectification and sexualization. The article concludes with a call for broadening feminist scholarship and activism across disciplinary boundaries to emphasize girls' and women's sexual agency and resistance, as well as sexual health and rights. PMID:19657944

Lerum, Kari; Dworkin, Shari L

402

Robust versus optimal strategies for determining the speed-accuracy tradeofi on two-alternative forced choice tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been proposed that animals and humans might choose a speed- accuracy tradeofi that maximizes reward rate. For this utility function the simple drift-difiusion model of two-alternative forced-choice tasks predicts a parameter-free optimal performance curve that relates normalized decision times to error rates. However, behavioral data indicate that only … 30% of subjects achieve optimality, and here we investigate

M. Zacksenhouse; P. Holmes; R. Bogacz

403

Effects of sophistication and motivation on the detection of malingered memory performance using a computerized forced-choice task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study employed a computerized forced-choice recognition memory task, the Multi-Digit Memory Test (MDMT), to examine the effects of instructional set (i.e., dissimulation information provided subjects) and motivation (i.e., monetary incentive) on simulated malingering behavior in a group of 119 university undergraduate students and 33 patients sustaining varying severity of closed-head injury. For the nonpatient groups, a significant effect

Roy C. Martin; John F. Bolter; Mark E. Todd; Wm Drew Gouvier; Raymon Niccolls

1993-01-01

404

Using Students’ Design Tasks to Develop Scientific Abilities*  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In collaboration with the Physics and Astronomy Education Research group at Rutgers University, three different types of student experiments_testing, application, and investigation design_have been developed and implemented in a calculus-based introductory course at California State University, Chico. Students working in small groups are engaged in designing and conducting their own experiments to test a physics principle, build a real-life device, solve a complex problem, or to conduct an open-inquiry investigation. In this poster we will illustrate examples of the design tasks and discuss instructional strategies of implementation. *Supported in part by NSF DUE # 0242845 and #0088906

Zou, Xueli

2006-12-01

405

Implementation of crowding solutions from the American College of Emergency Physicians Task Force Report on Boarding  

PubMed Central

Study Objective We sought to measure the self-reported implementation of the crowding solutions outlined in the 2008 American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Boarding Task Force report “Emergency Department Crowding: High-Impact Solutions.” We also tested the hypothesis that the self-reported crowding of emergency departments (EDs) was positively associated with the implementation of these solutions. Methods In early 2009, we mailed a survey to all medical or nursing directors from EDs in four US states asking for information regarding their EDs in 2008. Geographic information about the EDs was included in the analysis, along with survey responses about their ED capacity status and implementation of specific ACEP crowding solutions. Results A total of 284 of 351 EDs responded (81%). The majority of EDs were in urban areas (56%), non-teaching hospitals (93%), and not critical access hospitals (76%). The percentage of EDs “over capacity” ranged from 10–49% in each state. The mean number of crowding solutions used in EDs that were at or over capacity ranged from 3.6–4.6 in each state. EDs with visit volumes greater than or equal to three patients/hour were more likely to be over capacity than at capacity or at a good balance (46% vs. 31% and 15%, respectively). In terms of the use of high-impact crowding solutions, hospitals over capacity were more likely to utilize inpatient full capacity protocols (40% vs. 25% and 25%) but not inpatient discharge coordination (29% vs. 27% and 34%) or surgical schedule smoothing (31% vs. 28% and 32%). Hospitals over capacity were also more likely to have fast track units (44% vs. 32% and 16%) and physicians at triage (48% vs. 29% and 17%). Conclusion Less than half of EDs in each state reported operation above capacity. Implementation of some crowding solutions was more common in the above-capacity EDs, although these solutions were not consistently used across geographic locations and hospitals. Given that the majority of EDs were not over capacity, the implementation of these solutions does not seem to be universally necessary.

Ginde, Adit A.; Raja, Ali S.; Rogers, John; Sullivan, Ashley F.; Espinola, Janice A.; Camargo, Carlos A.

2010-01-01

406

Re-Charting the Course: The First Report of the Presidential Task Force on Employment of Adults with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With an unemployment rate of approximately 70%, "adults with severe disabilities are one of the largest minorities in the US without jobs." The Presidential Task Force on Employment of Adults with Disabilities was formed in March 1998 "to examine programs and policies related to employment of adults with disabilities, to determine what changes, modifications and innovations may be necessary to remove barriers to work faced by adults with disabilities and to recommend options for such changes." Their first report, completed in November 1998, was recently placed online by the Department of Labor. At the site, users can read the various sections of the report in HTML format or download the full report in text or .pdf format. In addition to recommendations to the President, the report contains information on the foundation, membership, and agenda of the Task Force. Appendixes to the report include A Demographic Profile of People with Disabilities, Summary of Disability-Related Legislative Initiatives, Web Sites of Presidential Task Force Members, and Glossary of Acronyms Used in This Report.

1998-01-01

407

Revisiting the multiple sclerosis functional composite: proceedings from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) Task Force on Clinical Disability Measures.  

PubMed

This article describes proceedings from a meeting of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) Task Force on Clinical Disability Measures (the TF). The TF was appointed by the NMSS Research Programs Advisory Committee with the goal of pooling and analyzing existing datasets to explore the utility of novel disability outcome measures based on the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) approach. The TF seeks to determine the suitability of the MSFC approach as a primary clinical outcome measure for registration trials in MS. The TF met in Washington, DC, Dec. 14 and 15, 2011, and provided unanimous support for a collaborative approach involving representatives from academic medicine, the pharmaceutical industry, regulatory agencies, the NMSS and the Critical Path Institute. There was also unanimous agreement that analysis of existing datasets would be useful in making progress toward the objective. The TF placed high value on determining the clinical meaning of individual component measures for the MSFC, and in establishing optimal analysis methods for MSFC so that scores would be more interpretable than the originally recommended z-score method. The background for a collaborative project aimed at developing an improved disability outcome measure is described in this paper. PMID:22740488

Ontaneda, D; LaRocca, N; Coetzee, T; Rudick, Ra

2012-06-27

408

Recent Developments and Applications of the CHARMM force fields  

PubMed Central

Empirical force fields commonly used to describe the condensed phase properties of complex systems such as biological macromolecules are continuously being updated. Improvements in quantum mechanical (QM) methods used to generate target data, availability of new experimental target data, incorporation of new classes of compounds and new theoretical developments (eg. polarizable methods) make force-field development a dynamic domain of research. Accordingly, a number of improvements and extensions of the CHARMM force fields have occurred over the years. The objective of the present review is to provide an up-to-date overview of the CHARMM force fields. A limited presentation on the historical aspects of force fields will be given, including underlying methodologies and principles, along with a brief description of the strategies used for parameter development. This is followed by information on the CHARMM additive and polarizable force fields, including examples of recent applications of those force fields.

Zhu, Xiao; Lopes, Pedro E.M.; MacKerell, Alexander D.

2011-01-01

409

Task 8.2 - subscale catalytic combustor development  

SciTech Connect

The Solar/DOE ATS engine program seeks to reduce engine pollutant emissions to single digit levels and low pattern factor. Program goals include the attainment of emissions (NOx, CO and UHC corrected to 15% O{sub 2}) below 10 ppmvd over the 50 to 100% load range, pattern factor less than 0.2, and long term combustor component durability. Recent improvements in Solar`s dry low NOx combustion technology guarantee less than 25 ppmvd NOx and 50 ppmvd CO (@ 15% O{sub 2}) in field units. It is expected that with the incorporation of advanced combustion technology (e.g. variable geometry, use of ceramics in combustion liners, improved CO sensor based control systems, improved fuel-air premixing, advanced liner cooling, etc.) into present combustion systems, substantial reductions in emissions over currently guaranteed levels will be possible. However, the next generation of low emissions gas turbines may be required to incorporate catalytic combustion to guarantee the lowest possible levels of pollutant emissions with available technology, As part of the Solar ATS Phase II program, catalytic combustion was selected as the primary combustion approach capable of attaining the emissions goals of the ATS program for medium sized industrial gas turbines. Catalytic combustion technology development in Phase II consisted of two main tasks: Task 2.8.2 involving the evaluation and demonstration of catalytic combustion technology at simulated engine conditions in a subscale rig environment, and Task 2.8.5 involving the design and evaluation of a single can full scale catalytic combustion system based on subscale results. Successful full scale rig operation will be followed by sector rig testing, and the procurement of a full set of engine hardware for an engine demonstration as part of Solar ATS Phase III program, If successful in the ATS program, catalytic combustion will be introduced in Solar`s production turbines depending on market requirements and cost.

NONE

1996-08-15

410

Development of fabric force sensor for detecting normal and lateral force by applying umbonal fiber  

Microsoft Academic Search

We previously proposed a fabric-type tactile sensor fabricated by using an artificial hollow fiber to produce a wearable sensing system. We now are presenting our newly-developed fabric force sensor, which can detect both normal and lateral forces, that uses an umbonal fiber. The artificial hollow fiber was fabricated by depositing thin metal and an insulation layer on an elastic hollow

G. Kita; Y. Suzuki; M. Shikida; K. Sato

2009-01-01

411

Development of a force specification for a force-limited random vibration test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vibration testing, techniques have been developed and employed that reduce the overtesting caused by the essentially infinite mechanical impedance of the shaker in conventional vibration tests. With these ``force-limiting`` techniques, two vibration test specifications are used: the conventional acceleration specification, and an interface force specification. The vibration level of the shake table is controlled such that neither the table acceleration

1996-01-01

412

Expanding a professional dental care system: experiences of Task Force 261 Multifunctional Medical Battalion during Operation Iraqi Freedom 07-09.  

PubMed

During Operation Iraqi Freedom 07-09, Task Force 261 Multifunctional Medical Battalion managed an extensive dental care system stretching throughout the Iraq theater of operations. We illustrate several of the unique challenges faced by Task Force 261's headquarters and its dental and area support companies, and describe the remedies emplaced by the Task Force. Personnel structure, the evacuation chain, supply and facility management, dental civil-military operations, detainee care, information technology applications, and public health initiatives are discussed in detail. PMID:20084764

Christopher, Frank L; Smith, Gregory M; Cobb, James W; Patterson, Craig G; Smith, Mark A; Pollard, Jennifer A

413

Retrieval process development and enhancements project Fiscal year 1995: Simulant development technology task progress report  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Retrieval Process Development and Enhancements (RPD&E) project is to develop an understanding of retrieval processes, including emerging and existing technologies, gather data on these technologies, and relate the data to specific tank problems such that end-users have the requisite technical bases to make retrieval and closure decisions. The development of waste simulants is an integral part of this effort. The work of the RPD&E simulant-development task is described in this document. The key FY95 accomplishments of the RPD&E simulant-development task are summarized below.

Golcar, G.R.; Bontha, J.R.; Darab, J.G. [and others

1997-01-01

414

Development of an orthodontic simulator for measurement of orthodontic forces.  

PubMed

In this research we developed an orthodontic simulator for analysis of orthodontic forces distribution in the case of the continuous arch technique. In order to take into account vertical force, besides horizontal force and occlusogingival moment on instrumented artificial tooth, tooth root was designed as a ring load cell. Fixing each artificial tooth onto combined mechanical stages enabled variation of tooth anteroposterior position and inclination related to occlusal plane. Calibration of forces and moment of each instrumented artificial tooth showed linearity of outputs and provided the generalized inverse matrix for evaluation of forces and moments from measured strain data. A simulation to retract the anterior teeth was accomplished, and distribution of forces and moment acting at the bracket of each tooth were determined. The average accuracy was 82% and 97% in the horizontal and vertical direction, respectively, by comparing the applied forces and the evaluated ones. PMID:12160238

Kuo, B; Takakuda, K; Miyairi, H

2001-03-01

415

Periodic health examination, 1995 update: 3. Screening for visual problems among elderly patients. Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To provide recommendations to family physicians for screening elderly patients (over 65 years of age) for visual impairment and its common clinical causes. OPTIONS: Visual acuity screening with Snellen sight chart, funduscopy, retinal photography, tonometry and perimetry. OUTCOMES: Delay or prevention of visual deterioration or blindness. EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search for relevant articles published between January 1986 and December 1993 was undertaken, the bibliographies of the articles were scrutinized for additional articles, and experts were consulted. The highest available level of evidence was used in making recommendations. VALUES: The evidence-based methods and values of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination were used. Preservation of vision was given the highest value in accordance with other guidelines regarding eyesight. BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: Potential benefits are to maintain or improve visual acuity. Potential for harm to patients is minimal. Limited data are available on costs. RECOMMENDATIONS: There is fair evidence to include in the periodic health examination visual acuity testing with a Snellen sight chart and funduscopy or retinal photography in elderly patients with diabetes of at least 5 years' duration (grade B recommendation). The place of funduscopy in the detection of age-related macular degeneration and glaucomatous changes is controversial. For patients at high risk for glaucoma (positive family history, black race, severe myopia or diabetes) it would be prudent to have a periodic assessment by an ophthalmologist. VALIDATION: Recommendations differ from those of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Optometric Association. Recommendations for glaucoma screening are similar to those of the US Preventive Services Task Force. Present recommendations have been reviewed by experts in ophthalmology and optometry. SPONSOR: These guidelines were developed and endorsed by the task force, which is funded by Health Canada and the National Health Research and Development Program. The principal author (C.P.) was supported in part by the Educational Centre for Aging and Health, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont.

1995-01-01

416

Health care system chaos should spur innovation: summary of a report of the Society of General Internal Medicine Task Force on the Domain of General Internal Medicine.  

PubMed

The Society of General Internal Medicine asked a task force to redefine the domain of general internal medicine. The Society believes that the chaos and dysfunction that characterize today's medical care and the challenges facing general internal medicine should spur innovation. The task force proposed the following recommendations. Remaining true to its core values and competencies, general internal medicine should stay both broad and deep, ranging from uncomplicated primary care to continuous care of patients with multiple, complex, chronic diseases. Postgraduate and continuing education should develop mastery. Wherever they practice, general internists should be able to lead teams and be responsible for the care given by their teams, embrace changes in information systems, and aim to provide most of the care required by their patients. Current financing of physician services, especially fee-for-service, must be changed to recognize the value of services performed outside the traditional face-to-face visit and give practitioners incentives to improve quality and efficiency and provide comprehensive, ongoing care. General internal medicine residency training should provide both broad and deep medical knowledge as well as mastery of informatics, management, and team leadership. General internal medicine residents should have options to tailor their final 1 to 2 years to fit their practice goals, often earning a certificate of added qualification in generalist fields. Research should expand to include practice and operations management, developing more effective shared decision making and transparent medical records and promoting the close personal connection that both doctors and patients want. The task force believes that these changes will benefit patients and the public and reenergize general internal medicine. PMID:15096335

Larson, Eric B

2004-04-20

417

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Nuclear Deterrence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines potential measures that DoD should take to sustain nuclear forces, nuclear weapons capabilities, and supporting infrastructure. The Terms of Reference specified that emphasis be placed on (1) Sustaining nuclear weapons stockpile and d...

1998-01-01

418

Multi-muscle synergies in an unusual postural task: quick shear force production  

Microsoft Academic Search

We considered a hypothetical two-level hierarchy participating in the control of vertical posture. The framework of the uncontrolled\\u000a manifold (UCM) hypothesis was used to explore the muscle groupings (M-modes) and multi-M-mode synergies involved in the stabilization\\u000a of a time profile of the shear force in the anterior–posterior direction. Standing subjects were asked to produce pulses of\\u000a shear force into a

Thomas Robert; Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky; Mark L. Latash

2008-01-01

419

Money laundering: has the Financial Action Task Force made a difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the involvement of the banking sector in money laundering over the last two decades, in particular the relationship between banks and money laundering when governments’ attitudes vary and change. Describes the design of the research, which uses multiple regression, Chow and dummy variable correlation, and partial correlation to compare countries before and after membership of the Financial Action Task

Jackie Johnson; Y. C. Desmond Lim

2002-01-01

420

A silicon-based shear force sensor: development and characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

A silicon-based shear force sensitive sensor is developed using microfabrication technology. Four ion-implanted piezoresistors are embedded in a silicon diaphragm and used as independent strain gauges. An epoxy mesa is built-up on top of the diaphragm to convert an applied force to a distributed stress. Both the normal and the shear components of an applied force can be resolved from

Lin Wang; David J. Beebe

2000-01-01

421

Development of a task-oriented pilot-vehicle interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description is given of the intelligent air attack system (IAAS), an experimental avionics system designed to enhance a combat pilot's situational awareness and assist him in managing and executing his tasks in a specific Navy mission, war-at-sea ship attack. Particular attention is given to the IAAS task support subsystem (TSS), a task-oriented pilot\\/vehicle interface that helps the pilot complete

Ken Funk

1989-01-01

422

Call to Action Advancing Essential Services and Research on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. A Report of the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2004, the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect, coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, established a working group committed to ...

C. A. Morris C. W. Brown H. C. Olson K. Damus M. J. O'Connor M. M. Ohlemiller

2009-01-01

423

Energy Management and Technology for Urban Governments: A Program Overview of the Energy Task Force of the Urban Consortium, 1979-1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The balance of this report is organized to provide a comprehensive overview of the direction and accomplishments of the Urban Consortium Energy Task Force through its first six years of operation. Major sections of this ''Program Overview'' contain: prior...

1985-01-01

424

U.S. Agencies Have Provided Training and Support to Afghanistan's Major Crimes Task Force, but Reporting and Reimbursement Issues Need to be Addressed.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Corruption continues to be a significant problem in Afghanistan. To help fight corruption, the Afghan government established the Major Crimes Task Force (MCTF) in 2009 as the principal Afghan government agency responsible for investigating and processing ...

2011-01-01

425

Report of the Task Force for Improved Coordination of the DoD (Department of Defense) Science and Technology Program. Volume 1. Summary Report and Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In November 1987 the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense, Research and Advanced Technology, instructed the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) to assemble a Task Force, drawn largely from the community that carries out the Department of Defense's Science a...

D. A. Dierolf F. R. Riddell K. J. Richter P. H. Richanbach

1988-01-01

426

Screening for Child and Adolescent Depression in Primary Care Settings: A Systematic Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Evidence Synthesis Number 69.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This systematic review to aid the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) in updating its 2002 recommendation on screening for child and adolescent depression among average-risk, primary care populations. This report summarizes the evidence ...

E. O'Connor E. Whitlock M. Eder S. B. Williams

2009-01-01

427

Constructing experimental designs for discrete-choice experiments: report of the ISPOR Conjoint Analysis Experimental Design Good Research Practices Task Force.  

PubMed

Stated-preference methods are a class of evaluation techniques for studying the preferences of patients and other stakeholders. While these methods span a variety of techniques, conjoint-analysis methods-and particularly discrete-choice experiments (DCEs)-have become the most frequently applied approach in health care in recent years. Experimental design is an important stage in the development of such methods, but establishing a consensus on standards is hampered by lack of understanding of available techniques and software. This report builds on the previous ISPOR Conjoint Analysis Task Force Report: Conjoint Analysis Applications in Health-A Checklist: A Report of the ISPOR Good Research Practices for Conjoint Analysis Task Force. This report aims to assist researchers specifically in evaluating alternative approaches to experimental design, a difficult and important element of successful DCEs. While this report does not endorse any specific approach, it does provide a guide for choosing an approach that is appropriate for a particular study. In particular, it provides an overview of the role of experimental designs for the successful implementation of the DCE approach in health care studies, and it provides researchers with an introduction to constructing experimental designs on the basis of study objectives and the statistical model researchers have selected for the study. The report outlines the theoretical requirements for designs that identify choice-model preference parameters and summarizes and compares a number of available approaches for constructing experimental designs. The task-force leadership group met via bimonthly teleconferences and in person at ISPOR meetings in the United States and Europe. An international group of experimental-design experts was consulted during this process to discuss existing approaches for experimental design and to review the task force's draft reports. In addition, ISPOR members contributed to developing a consensus report by submitting written comments during the review process and oral comments during two forum presentations at the ISPOR 16th and 17th Annual International Meetings held in Baltimore (2011) and Washington, DC (2012). PMID:23337210

Reed Johnson, F; Lancsar, Emily; Marshall, Deborah; Kilambi, Vikram; Mühlbacher, Axel; Regier, Dean A; Bresnahan, Brian W; Kanninen, Barbara; Bridges, John F P

428

Good Research Practices for Measuring Drug Costs in Cost-Effectiveness Analyses: A Societal Perspective: The ISPOR Drug Cost Task Force Report—Part II  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesMajor guidelines regarding the application of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) have recommended the common and widespread use of the “societal perspective” for purposes of consistency and comparability. The objective of this Task Force subgroup report (one of six reports from the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research [ISPOR] Task Force on Good Research Practices—Use of Drug Costs for Cost Effectiveness

Louis P. Garrison; Edward C. Mansley; Thomas A. Abbott; Brian W. Bresnahan; Joel W. Hay; James Smeeding

2010-01-01

429

Clinical practice guidelines for the maintenance of patient physical safety in the intensive care unit: Use of restraining therapies???American College of Critical Care Medicine Task Force 2001???2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To develop clinical practice guidelines for the use of restraining therapies to maintain physical and psychological safety of adult and pediatric patients in the intensive care unit. Participants: A multidisciplinary, multispecialty task force of experts in critical care practice was convened from the member- ship of the American College of Critical Care Medicine (ACCM), the Society of Critical Care

Gerald A. Maccioli; Todd Dorman; Brent R. Brown; John E. Mazuski; Barbara A. McLean; Joanne M. Kuszaj; Stanley H. Rosenbaum; Lorry R. Frankel; John W. Devlin; Joseph A. Govert; Brian Smith; William T. Peruzzi

2003-01-01

430

Public Hearing: Report of the Proceedings of a Public Hearing of the Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology (Atlanta, Georgia, March 2, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland),…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

431

Heuristic Task Analysis on E-Learning Course Development: A Formative Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing heuristic task analysis (HTA), a method developed for eliciting, analyzing, and representing expertise in complex cognitive tasks, a formative research study was conducted on the task of e-learning course development to further improve the HTA process. Three instructional designers from three different post-secondary institutions in the…

Lee, Ji-Yeon; Reigeluth, Charles M.

2009-01-01

432

Overview of Biotechnology Futures: Possible Applications to Land Force Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review of selected scientific and technological advances occurring in the field of biotechnology discusses their possible impact for Land Force capability development in the next decade or two. Some studies suggest that the socio-technical impact of biotechnology may surpass that of the Information Revolution, and it could become a major force in the 21st Century. Its synergy with nanotechnology,

Margaret Egudo

433

FORCE FIELD DEVELOPMENT FOR SIMULATIONS OF CONDENSED PHASES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this review is on development of force fields for simulations of technologically important properties of fluids and materials. Of particular interest are models that can reproduce thermodynamic and transport properties over a broad range of temperatures and densities. Most existing force fields have been optimized to the configurational properties of isolated molecules and thermodynamic or structural properties

A. Z. Panagiotopoulos

434

Chapter 1 Considerations for Lipid Force Field Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The underlying approach to development of the CHARMM lipid force field, and the current ab initio and molecular dynamics methods for optimization of each term are reviewed. Results from the recent revision of the alkane force field and new results for esters illustrate the dependence of torsional surfaces on level of theory and basis set, and how changes in the

Jeffery B. Klauda; Richard M. Venable; Alexander D. MacKerell; Richard W. Pastor

2008-01-01

435

Fractionated reaction time and the rate of force development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between the rate of force development and components of fractionated reaction time were investigated in the present study. Subjects (N=9) were administered extensive practice before being required to produce 98N of isometric force on a hand dynamometer at a maximal rate, at 20% slower than maximal, and at 40% slower than maximal. Repeated measures analysis of variance followed

Donald Siegel

1988-01-01

436

Initial development of an automated task analysis profiling system  

SciTech Connect

A program for automated task analysis is described. Called TAPS (task analysis profiling system), the program accepts normal English prose and outputs skills, knowledges, attitudes, and abilities (SKAAs) along with specific guidance and recommended ability measurement tests for nuclear power plant operators. A new method for defining SKAAs is presented along with a sample program output.

Jorgensen, C.C.

1984-01-01

437

Preparing Michigan Students for the Jobs of Tomorrow: The Report of the Tech Prep Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Both secondary schools and community colleges are under pressure to increase the technical content of their curricula to produce graduates who can fill highly skilled technician jobs in a changing work force. Technical Preparation (Tech Prep) Programs are partnerships between these two institutional levels that incorporate career counseling and…

Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

438

Unconventional therapies for cancer: 1. Essiac. The Task Force on Alternative Therapies of the Canadian Breast Cancer Research Initiative.  

PubMed

Physicians and patients have been frustrated by the lack of reliable information on unconventional therapies. To help fill this gap in the area of breast cancer therapy, the Canadian Breast Cancer Research Initiative formed a task force to advise it on how best to promote research into unconventional therapies. As part of the work of the task force, a review of the available literature was carried out for each of the following products: Essiac, green tea, Iscador, hydrazine sulfate, vitamins A, C and E, and 714-X. The first article in this series on unconventional therapies for cancer describes the methodology used to obtain and evaluate the information and provides a summary of the findings on Essiac. Subsequent articles will cover the other products. For most of the products reviewed, there has been some indication of possible benefit but no definitive evidence. Innovative and collaborative research needed to meet the information needs of growing numbers of patients and their physicians is now being sponsored by the Canadian Breast Cancer Research Initiative. Open communication between patients and physicians is also necessary for the maintenance of an appropriate therapeutic partnership and for the identification and control of side effects. The Ontario Division of the Canadian Cancer Society, a partner in the Canadian Breast Cancer Research Initiative, supported the preparation of a patient-information piece on unconventional therapies to accompany the series. This item will assist patients who are considering such therapies and will promote open communication between patients and their physicians. PMID:9559016

Kaegi, E

1998-04-01

439

Conducting a Labor Force Survey in Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual is intended as a training guide for the professional staff which is conducting a labor force survey in developing countries. Such a survey is the best and cheapest method of obtaining dependable information on total employment, unemployment an...

1964-01-01

440

Force display performs better than visual display in a simple 6-D docking task  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simplified docking problem is studied. The user attempts to find the potential-energy minimum in a 6-D space defined by six Hooke's-law springs attached to a manipulable object. This space has no other local minima. A pilot-controlled experiment with seven subjects, twelve trials each, showed that performance with a force display is better (p<0.01) than performance with a visual display

O.-Y. Ming; David V. Beard; Frederick P. Brooks

1989-01-01

441

Detection and classification of movement-related cortical potentials associated with task force and speed.  

PubMed

Objective. In this study, the objective was to detect movement intentions and extract different levels of force and speed of the intended movement from scalp electroencephalography (EEG). We then estimated the performance of the closed loop system. Approach. Cued movements were detected from continuous EEG recordings using a template of the initial phase of the movement-related cortical potential in 12 healthy subjects. The temporal features, extracted from the movement intention, were classified with an optimized support vector machine. The system performance was evaluated when combining detection with classification. Main results. The system detected 81% of the movements and correctly classified 75 ± 9% and 80 ± 10% of these at the point of detection when varying the force and speed, respectively. When the detector was combined with the classifier, the system detected and correctly classified 64 ± 13% and 67 ± 13% of these movements. The system detected and incorrectly classified 21 ± 7% and 16 ± 9% of the movements. The movements were detected 317 ± 73 ms before the movement onset. Significance. The results indicate that it is possible to detect movement intentions with limited latencies, and extract and classify different levels of force and speed, which may be combined with assistive technologies for patient-driven neurorehabilitation. PMID:23986024

Jochumsen, Mads; Niazi, Imran Khan; Mrachacz-Kersting, Natalie; Farina, Dario; Dremstrup, Kim

2013-08-28

442

Detection and classification of movement-related cortical potentials associated with task force and speed  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective. In this study, the objective was to detect movement intentions and extract different levels of force and speed of the intended movement from scalp electroencephalography (EEG). We then estimated the performance of the closed loop system. Approach. Cued movements were detected from continuous EEG recordings using a template of the initial phase of the movement-related cortical potential in 12 healthy subjects. The temporal features, extracted from the movement intention, were classified with an optimized support vector machine. The system performance was evaluated when combining detection with classification. Main results. The system detected 81% of the movements and correctly classified 75 ± 9% and 80 ± 10% of these at the point of detection when varying the force and speed, respectively. When the detector was combined with the classifier, the system detected and correctly classified 64 ± 13% and 67 ± 13% of these movements. The system detected and incorrectly classified 21 ± 7% and 16 ± 9% of the movements. The movements were detected 317 ± 73 ms before the movement onset. Significance. The results indicate that it is possible to detect movement intentions with limited latencies, and extract and classify different levels of force and speed, which may be combined with assistive technologies for patient-driven neurorehabilitation.

Jochumsen, Mads; Niazi, Imran Khan; Mrachacz-Kersting, Natalie; Farina, Dario; Dremstrup, Kim

2013-10-01

443

Antibiotic development: a victim of market forces?  

PubMed

The emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a major health concern as the number of clinically useful treatment options diminishes. However, this area of research has not proven to be highly attractive to the pharmaceutical industry; indeed, several major companies have announced the termination of efforts in the arena of antibiotics. The rationale behind these strategic shifts may not be immediately evident to the general public or even to physicians. This feature review addresses some of the factors that have played a role in the current paucity of new antibiotics under development, and discusses the dangerous repercussions if major changes are not implemented soon. PMID:18465675

Tillotson, Glenn S

2008-05-01

444

Force and complexity of tongue task training influences behavioral measures of motor learning.  

PubMed

Relearning of motor skills is important in neurorehabilitation. We investigated the improvement of training success during simple tongue protrusion (two force levels) and a more complex tongue-training paradigm using the Tongue Drive System (TDS). We also compared subject-based reports of fun, pain, fatigue, and motivation between paradigms. Three randomized sessions and one control experiment were performed. Sixteen healthy subjects completed two different 1-h sessions of simple tongue training with 1 N and 3 N, respectively, and one TDS session. After 1 wk, six out of 16 subjects participated as experienced subjects with six naive subjects in a control experiment with 2 × 5-min TDS training separated by a 30-min rest. Performance improved during training in all sessions. The mean ± SEM relative increase in success was 80 ± 12% (1 N), 52 ± 11% (3 N), and 285 ± 45% (TDS). In the control experiment the experienced group performed equal to the last 5 min of their first TDS session and neither group improved during rest. Training with the TDS was rated as more fun, less painful, less fatiguing, and more motivating compared with simple tongue training. In conclusion, force level and complexity of tongue training influences behavioral aspects of tongue motor learning. PMID:22288920

Kothari, Mohit; Svensson, Peter; Huo, Xueliang; Ghovanloo, Maysam; Baad-Hansen, Lene

2011-12-07

445

Heuristic task analysis on e-learning course development: a formative research study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizing heuristic task analysis (HTA), a method developed for eliciting, analyzing, and representing expertise in complex\\u000a cognitive tasks, a formative research study was conducted on the task of e-learning course development to further improve\\u000a the HTA process. Three instructional designers from three different post-secondary institutions in the U.S. were selected\\u000a for interviews. The interviews focused on three e-learning course development

Ji-Yeon Lee; Charles M. Reigeluth

2009-01-01

446

Environmental health sciences center task force review on halogenated organics in drinking water  

PubMed Central

The disinfection of drinking water by chlorination has in recent years come under closer scrutiny because of the potential hazards associated with the production of stable chlorinated organic chemicals. Organic chemical contaminants are common to all water supplies and it is now well-established that chlorinated by-products are obtained under conditions of disinfection, or during tertiary treatment of sewage whose products can ultimately find their way into drinking water supplies. Naturally occurring humic substances which are invariably present in drinking waters are probably the source of chloroform and other halogenated methanes, and chloroform has shown up in every water supply investigated thus far. The Environmental Protection Agency is charged with the responsibility of assessing the public health effects resulting from the consumption of contaminated drinking water. It has specifically undertaken the task of determining whether organic contaminants or their chlorinated derivatives have a special impact, and if so, what alternatives there are to protect the consumer against bacterial and viral diseases that are transmitted through infected drinking waters. The impetus to look at these chemicals is not entirely without some prima facie evidence of potential trouble. Epidemiological studies suggested a higher incidence of cancer along the lower Mississippi River where the contamination from organic chemicals is particularly high. The conclusions from these studies have, to be sure, not gone unchallenged. The task of assessing the effects of chemicals in the drinking water is a difficult one. It includes many variables, including differences in water supplies and the temporal relationship between contamination and consumption of the finished product. It must also take into account the relative importance of the effects from these chemicals in comparison to those from occupational exposure, ingestion of contaminated foods, inhalation of polluted air, and many others. The susceptibility of different age, genetic, and ethnic groups within the population must also be carefully considered. The present review discusses: the reasons for disinfection; the general occurrence of chlorinated organics in drinking water; the chemistry in the synthesis of chlorinated organics under aqueous conditions; and alternatives to chlorine for disinfection.

Deinzer, M.; Schaumburg, F.; Klein, E.

1978-01-01

447

A Call To Action for Physics Departments: Findings and Recommendations of the National Task Force on Teacher Education in Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Task Force on Teacher Education in Physics (T-TEP) concluded its two-year investigation of the professional preparation of teachers of physics in the U.S. T-TEP, formed by APS, AAPT, and AIP, was charged with (a) identifying generalizable, yet flexible, strategies that institutions, and in particular physics departments and schools or colleges of education, can employ to increase the number of qualified physics teachers, (b) identifying effective strategies in recruitment, models of professional preparation, and higher education systems of support during the first three years of teaching, and (c) articulating research, policy, and funding implications. In this talk, the major findings and recommendations of the T-TEP report will be discussed and ways to leverage the report to transform the physics teacher education system will be outlined.

Vokos, Stamatis

2010-10-01

448

Preventing nuclear terrorism: the report and papers of the International Task Force on Prevention of Nuclear Terrorism  

SciTech Connect

The International Task Force on Prevention of Nuclear Terrorism, formed in 1985 under the Nuclear Control Institute, commissioned 26 studies and produced an extensive report on the problem and prevention of nuclear terrorism, Part I of this book is the full report, and part II contains the individual studies under two section: (A) Defining the Threat (8 studies); and (B) Strategies for Dealing with the Threat (18 studies). Detailed recommendations are made, in many of the studies, for better protection of nuclear weapons, materials, and facilities; greater cooperation among national intelligence agencies; tighter controls on nuclear transfers; more effective arms control initiatives; and emergency management programs. A separate abstract was prepared for the report and each of the 26 studies.

Leventhal, P.; Alexander, Y. (eds.)

1987-01-01

449

The meaning of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force grade I recommendation: screening for hepatitis C virus infection.  

PubMed

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) formulates evidence-based recommendations for clinical preventive services. These recommendations are communicated by letter grades that reflect the quality of evidence and the magnitude of net health benefit expected from delivering the preventive service. When the USPSTF finds insufficient evidence to determine the balance of health benefits or harms of delivering a preventive service, because of a lack of studies, poor-quality studies, or good-quality studies with conflicting results, the USPSTF assigns the service an I letter grade. The USPSTF found insufficient evidence to recommend for or against screening for hepatitis C virus infection in high-risk individuals (I letter grade). This recommendation reflects the need for further research that would provide adequate evidence to assess the net health benefit for persons screened for hepatitis C virus infection. PMID:15520429

Calonge, Ned; Randhawa, Gurvaneet

2004-11-01

450

You want salt with that? Skill development or application task?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes her experience with Year 7 Science students, in which she deviated from the norm by introducing a practical applications-based project at the end of an assigned topic: to determine the salt content in potato chips. The innovation proved to be successful, in that students demonstrated independence and self-direction in carrying out the task, prior to which they

D Aitken

2008-01-01

451

Rules and Development in Triad Classification Task Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rule use in perceptual classification was investigated in adults and in 4- to 12-year-old children. Two studies of performance on triad classification tasks with large samples (N=226 and N=328) are presented to (a) contrast theoretical predictions from the holistic-to-analytic-shift theory (Smith & Kemler, 1977) and the differential-sensitivity…

Raijmakers, Maartje E. J.; Jansen, Brenda R. J.; van der Maas, Han L. J.

2004-01-01

452

Applying Graph Grammars for Task-Oriented User Interface Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a graph with attributes assigned to its nodes is very well suited for the specification of semi-structured application domains, attributed graphs and adequate graph rewriting systems are also useful tools for the specification and representation of user interfaces based on end user tasks. A rewriting system for attributed graphs, which is based on the controlled rewriting of graphs using

Rudolf Freund; Brigitte Haberstroh; Christian Stary

1992-01-01

453

Overview of Air Force Research Laboratory cryogenic technology development programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an overview of the cryogenic refrigerator and cryogenic integration programs in development and characterization under the Cryogenic Technology Group, Space Vehicles Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). The vision statement for the group is to support the pace community as the center of excellence for developing and transitioning space cryogenic thermal management technologies. The primary customers for the AFRL cryogenic technology development programs are Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, the Air Force Space Based IR System Low program office, and other DoD space surveillance programs.

Davis, Thomas M.; Tomlinson, B. J.

1998-08-01

454

Children's Spiritual Development in Forced Displacement: A Human Rights Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a synthesis of current research and theories of spiritual development in forced displacement from a human rights perspective. Spirituality, understood as a cognitive-cultural construct, has shown positive impact on children's development through both collective and individual processes and across ecological domains of the…

Ojalehto, Bethany; Wang, Qi

2008-01-01

455

Development of Integrated Transport Code, TASK3D, and Its Applications to LHD Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The integrated transport code for helical plasmas, TASK3D, has been developed both by modifying modules in TASK to be applicable to three-dimensional magnetic configurations, and by adding new modules for stellarator-heliotron specific physics and incorporating three-dimensional equilibria. In this paper, these module developments so far are collectively introduced, and recent progress on the applications of TASK3D to heat transport analyses of LHD plasmas is introduced.

Yokoyama, Masayuki; Wakasa, Arimitsu; Seki, Ryosuke; Sato, Masahiko; Murakami, Sadayoshi; Suzuki, Chihiro; Nakamura, Yuji; Fukuyama, Atsushi; Lhd Experiment Group, Atsushi

456

75 FR 11893 - Food and Drug Administration Transparency Task Force; Request for Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...specific new requirements. 2. The guidance development process. 3. Maintaining open channels of communication with industry routinely and during crises. 4. Providing useful and timely answers to industry questions about specific regulatory...

2010-03-12

457

Report and Recommendations of the Task Force on IRCA-Related Discrimination.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When it enacted the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), Congress sought to address the problem of unauthorized immigration. The legislation -- developed over a decade and a half -- was designed specifically to stem illegal entry into the Un...

1990-01-01

458

Putting the 'O' in Joint DOTMLPF: Organizational Capabilities for Joint Task Force Command and Control.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Across the defense establishment joint transformation is beginning to take hold though unevenly. Sweeping changes concerning joint doctrine training leader development acquisition, and facilities have taken effect under joint purview and direction through...

J. F. Dickens

2005-01-01

459

Sustainable energy for all. Technical report of task force 1 in support of the objective to achieve universal access to modern energy services by 2030  

SciTech Connect

The UN Secretary General established the Sustainable Energy for All initiative in order to guide and support efforts to achieve universal access to modern energy, rapidly increase energy efficiency, and expand the use of renewable energies. Task forces were formed involving prominent energy leaders and experts from business, government, academia and civil society worldwide. The goal of the Task Forces is to inform the implementation of the initiative by identifying challenges and opportunities for achieving its objectives. This report contains the findings of Task Force One which is dedicated to the objective of achieving universal access to modern energy services by 2030. The report shows that universal energy access can be realized by 2030 with strong, focused actions set within a coordinated framework.

Birol, Fatih [International Energy Agency, Paris (France); Brew-Hammond, Abeeku (University of Science and Technology (Ghana

2012-04-15

460

Analysis and implications of the omission of offenders in the DoD Care for Victims of Sexual Assault Task Force report.  

PubMed

This note addresses the weaknesses in the Department of Defense (DoD) Care for Victims of Sexual Assault Task Force (CVSATF) Report, released in May 2004. Sound policy and protocol cannot be developed to prevent and to respond to sexual assault in the military if the role of sex offenders is not understood, yet the report excludes information relevant to understanding sex offender behavior and to responsibility. Shortcomings in the CVSATF recommendations to improve military definitions of sexually violent behavior and data collection are summarized, as are limitations in the recommendations for sexual assault prevention strategies. This analysis highlights problems with the DoD CVSATF recommendations to improve offender accountability and secure safety for communities and discusses how the military social climate is prohibitive to facilitating these goals. This note suggests that policy and procedures guided by recommendations that omit information about sex offenders may actually leave communities at continued risk of sexual assault. PMID:17704054

Houser, Kristen

2007-09-01

461

Development and Implementation of an On-Line Multivariable Control Algorithm for the Force Control of an Industrial Robot,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The capability of robot systems to perform advanced assembly tasks in unstructured and imprecise environments is strongly dependent on their ability to simultaneously control end-effector motions and forces, 'force control.' Force control consists of bein...

P. Elosegui

1988-01-01

462

Criteria for evaluation of disease extent by 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scans in neuroblastoma: a report for the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group (INRG) Task Force  

PubMed Central

Background: Neuroblastoma is an embryonic tumour of the sympathetic nervous system, metastatic in half of the patients at diagnosis, with a high preponderance of osteomedullary disease, making accurate evaluation of metastatic sites and response to therapy challenging. Metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG), taken into cells via the norepinephrine transporter, provides a sensitive and specific method of assessing tumour in both soft tissue and bone sites. The goal of this report was to develop consensus guidelines for the use of mIBG scans in staging, response assessment and surveillance in neuroblastoma. Methods: The International Neuroblastoma Risk Group (INRG) Task Force, including a multidisciplinary group in paediatric oncology of North and South America, Europe, Oceania and Asia, formed a subcommittee on metastatic disease evaluation, including expert nuclear medicine physicians and oncologists, who developed these guidelines based on their experience and the medical literature, with approval by the larger INRG Task Force. Results: Guidelines for patient preparation, radiotracer administration, techniques of scanning including timing, energy, specific views, and use of single photon emission computed tomography are included. Optimal timing of scans in relation to therapy and for surveillance is reviewed. Validated semi-quantitative scoring methods in current use are reviewed, with recommendations for use in prognosis and response evaluation. Conclusions: Metaiodobenzylguanidine scans are the most sensitive and specific method of staging and response evaluation in neuroblastoma, particularly when used with a semi-quantitative scoring method. Use of the optimal techniques for mIBG in staging and response, including a semi-quantitative score, is essential for evaluation of the efficacy of new therapy.

Matthay, K K; Shulkin, B; Ladenstein, R; Michon, J; Giammarile, F; Lewington, V; Pearson, A D J; Cohn, S L

2010-01-01

463

The future of general internal medicine. Report and recommendations from the Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) Task Force on the Domain of General Internal Medicine.  

PubMed

The Society of General Internal Medicine asked a task force to redefine the domain of general internal medicine. The task force believes that the chaos and dysfunction that characterize today's medical care, and the challenges facing general internal medicine, should spur innovation. These are our recommendations: while remaining true to its core values and competencies, general internal medicine should stay both broad and deep-ranging from uncomplicated primary care to continuous care of patients with multiple, complex, chronic diseases. Postgraduate and continuing education should develop mastery. Wherever they practice, general internists should be able to lead teams and be responsible for the care their teams give, embrace changes in information systems, and aim to provide most of the care their patients require. Current financing of physician services, especially fee-for-service, must be changed to recognize the value of services performed outside the traditional face-to-face visit and give practitioners incentives to improve quality and efficiency, and provide comprehensive, ongoing care. General internal medicine residency training should be reformed to provide both broad and deep medical knowledge, as well as mastery of informatics, management, and team leadership. General internal medicine residents should have options to tailor their final 1 to 2 years to fit their practice goals, often earning a certificate of added qualification (CAQ) in special generalist fields. Research will expand to include practice and operations management, developing more effective shared decision making and transparent medical records, and promoting the close personal connection that both doctors and patients want. We believe these changes constitute a paradigm shift that can benefit patients and the public and reenergize general internal medicine. PMID:14748863

Larson, Eric B; Fihn, Stephan D; Kirk, Lynne M; Levinson, Wendy; Loge, Ronald V; Reynolds, Eileen; Sandy, Lewis; Schroeder, Steven; Wenger, Neil; Williams, Mark

2004-01-01

464

Defensive Information Operations in Support of the Marine Air Ground Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Currently the Marine Corps has no doctrine for information operations (IO). The Marine Corps Doctrine Division has published an IO concept paper from which to guide the development of IO doctrine. In joint and other service doctrine, IO is defined in both...

G. T. Breazile

2002-01-01

465

Child Care: The Employer's Role. Report of the Task Force on Child Care: Series 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two research studies in this volume focus on the employer's role in child care. The studies were commissioned as part of an effort to provide detailed analyses of issues of special relevance to child care and parental leave policies and the effects of these issues on the Canadian family. Paper l provides a basis for the development of paid…

Townson, Monica; And Others

466

Simple messages to prevent drowning in open water: guidelines from an International Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionGlobally, many organisations have attempted to prevent drowning associated with aquatic recreation by promoting a plethora of messages. This diversity reflects the multifaceted nature of the drowning problem and the lack of an evidence basis. Our objective was to develop a consensus based set of key, simple generic drowning prevention messages for the general public when recreating in various open

E Bennett; L Quan; K Moran

2010-01-01

467

Health Services Management in the Health Administration Curriculum. Report by the Curriculum Task Force on Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Critical decisions that need to be made by faculties of health administration education programs when developing and assessing the health services management portion of the curriculum are identified. Decisions should draw from the information available concerning professional target roles of graduates, graduate behavior expected, resources for…

Association of Univ. Programs in Health Administration, Washington, DC.

468

Report of the National Task Force on Court Automation and Integration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our nation's court systems have been affected in recent years by developments that have necessitated a change in the way they conduct business. Budget allotments have been reduced at a time when high-profile crimes, such as domestic violence and sexual of...

1999-01-01

469

Futuristics and Education: An ASCD Task Force Report. Professional Paper, 1979-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational needs for the future are discussed, particularly in light of how members of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) can help students prepare for the future. The document is presented in six chapters. Chapter I presents an overview of ASCD's long range school and educational plans. Chapter II defines key…

Van Avery, Dennis; And Others

470

Climatological Drought in Arizona: An Analysis of Indicators for Guiding the Governor's Drought Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lacking a federal policy to address local water deficiencies within the United States, many states have developed their own methods for monitoring drought in an effort to mitigate its effects. This article provides an overview of efforts to standardize the use of drought indices in order to compare recent and historical drought both spatially and temporally for Arizona. Yearly averages

Gregory B. Goodrich; Andrew W. Ellis

2006-01-01

471

The Grasp Perturbator: Calibrating human grasp stiffness during a graded force task  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a novel and simple hand- held device for measuring in vivo human grasp impedance. The measurement method is based on a static identification method and intrinsic impedance is identified inbetween 25 ms. Using this device it is possbile to develop continuous grasp impedance mea- surement methods as it is an active research topic in physiology

Hannes Hoppner; Dominic Lakatos; Holger Urbanek; Claudio Castellini; Patrick van der Smagt

2011-01-01

472

Performance management in healthcare: performance indicator development, task uncertainty, and types of performance indicators.  

PubMed

In healthcare, performance indicators are increasingly used to measure and control quality and efficiency of care-providing teams. This article demonstrates that when controllability is emphasized during indicator development, the level of task uncertainty influences the type of resulting performance indicators. We report findings from a field study in a medical rehabilitation centre in The Netherlands, where four low task uncertain teams ('hand trauma', 'heart failure', 'amputation', 'chronic pain'), and four high task uncertain teams ('children with developmental coordination disorders (DCD)', 'parkinson's disease', 'young children (0-4 years) with developmental disorders', and 'acquired brain injuries') participated in the development of performance indicators using the Productivity Measurement and Enhancement System (ProMES) method. Results show that teams higher on task uncertainty developed relatively more process indicators compared to outcome indicators, whereas the reverse was true for teams lower on task uncertainty. Additionally, process indicators developed by high task uncertain teams were more of a problem solving nature than process indicators developed by low task uncertain teams, which had a more procedural character. The study expands existing knowledge by providing a framework which explicates the task processes to be executed under different levels of task uncertainty, and in line with that appropriate performance indicators for healthcare teams. PMID:19781838

van der Geer, Eric; van Tuijl, Harrie F J M; Rutte, Christel G

2009-09-24

473

Effective Behavior Management in Preschool Classrooms and Children's Task Orientation: Enhancing Emergent Literacy and Language Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relations among preschool teachers' behavior management, children's task orientation, and children's emergent literacy and language development, as well as the extent to which task orientation moderated the relation between teachers' behavior management and children's emergent literacy and language development.…

Dobbs-Oates, Jennifer; Kaderavek, Joan N.; Guo, Ying; Justice, Laura M.

2011-01-01

474

Student Perceptions of Social Task Development in Online Group Project Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores student perceptions of social task development in an online group project and poses recommendations for implementation of group projects. Qualitative methods were used to analyze student perceptions of social task development in online group project. Respect, "being nice," follow the rules/follow the leader, communication,…

Morgan, Kari; Cameron, Bruce A.; Williams, Karen C.

2009-01-01

475

The Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries' legislative activities and the Joint Medical Library Association/Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries Legislative Task Force  

PubMed Central

The Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries' (AAHSL's) involvement in national legislative activities and other advocacy initiatives has evolved and matured over the last twenty-five years. Some activities conducted by the Medical Library Association's (MLA's) Legislative Committee from 1976 to 1984 are highlighted to show the evolution of MLA's and AAHSL's interests in collaborating on national legislative issues, which resulted in an agreement to form a joint legislative task force. The history, work, challenges, and accomplishments of the Joint MLA/AAHSL Legislative Task Force, formed in 1985, are discussed.

Zenan, Joan S.

2003-01-01

476

Dutchess County Resource Recovery Task Force report: Dutchess County Pyrolysis Program  

SciTech Connect

Dutchess County initiated development of a long-range master plan for Solid Waste Management in 1971. The plan included development of a resource recovery facility to service the municipalities in the County population center. Based on early recommendations, a pyrolysis facility employing Purox technology was to be implemented. A feasibility study, paid for by County funds was completed in 1975. The study provided siting recommendations, estimation of available waste, and preliminary facility design. Because of various considerations, the project was not developed. Under the Department of Energy grant, the County reassessed the feasibility of a resource recovery facility, with emphasis on confirming previous conclusions supporting the Purox technology, waste availability, energy recovery and sale and siting of the plant. The conclusions reached in the new study were: a resource recovery facility is feasible for the County; sufficient waste for such a facility is available and subject to control; While Purox technology was feasible it is not the most appropriate available technoloy for the County; that mass burning with steam recovery is the most appropriate technology; and that resource recovery while presently more expensive than landfilling, represents the only cost effective, energy efficient, and environmentally sound way to handle the solid waste problem in the County.

None

1980-07-01

477

Interfacial Force Model Development for Turbulent Bubbly Flows  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Typically, a Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulation of turbulent bubbly flows makes use of interfacial force models which represent the interaction between the bubbles and the continuous liquid. The modeled forces include drag, virtual mass, turbulent dispersion, and lift. A direct numerical simulation (DNS) fully resolves turbulent fluctuations in velocity and, when coupled with the level set method, can simulate a two-phase flow without relying on interfacial force models. Results from DNS can provide a level of insight into flow characteristics not easily achievable with traditional experimental methods. This makes DNS ideal for developing interfacial force models for use with RANS codes. Turbulent, air/water, bubbly flows in a channel have been previously simulated using the DNS code, PHASTA. Utilizing the time-averaging concept, average velocities of the two phases, void fraction, turbulent kinetic energy, and turbulence dissipation rate distributions are calculated from the DNS data. This information is then used to develop and calibrate the interfacial force models used in the RANS code, NPHASE-CMFD. Two cases are analyzed. The first is of many small, spherical bubbles of 0.9 mm diameter. The other is of a single, large, cap bubble of 3.625 mm equivalent diameter. Both simulations correspond to the liquid Reynolds number of 11,200, based on the hydraulic diameter.

Shaver, Dillon; Bolotnov, Igor; Antal, Steven; Podowski, Michael

2010-11-01

478

Air Force Officers: Personnel Policy Development, 1944-1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A historical study of the personnel policies of the United States Air Force as it attempted to develop and maintain a viable officer corps during some of the most turbulent times of American military history. This thirty-year period constituted a full mil...

V. O. Mitchell

1996-01-01

479

Air Force Officer Qualifying Test Form O: Development and Standardization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents the rationale, development, and standardization of the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) Form O. The test is used to select individuals for officer commissioning programs, and candidates for pilot and navigator training. Form O contains 380 items organized in 16 subtests. All items are administered in a single test…

Rogers, Deborah L.; And Others

480

[Joining forces in the fight against epidemics--priority task in cooperation between Russia and Kazakhstan].  

PubMed

This problem has historically existed for Russia and Kazakhstan. Traditionally plague, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever anthrax, cholera, and other diseases have been a matter of greater public health concern in the above countries. Under Russia's chairmanship in the Group of Eight in 2006 and in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in 2008-2009, these countries were first to join their effects