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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Dietary Supplements Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Dietary Supplements Task Force was charged with examining the issues regarding dietary supplements and developing a regulatory framework for these products. To facilitate the orderly development of regulatory strategies, the Task Force divided the uni...

1992-01-01

2

Methamphetamine Interagency Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Methamphetamine Interagency Task Force was established in 1996 in response to a provision of the Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act. This report represents the 2-year effort of the Task Force presenting: the principles that have guided the Task...

2000-01-01

3

Task Force Report 3. Report of the Task Force on Continuous Personal, Professional, and Practice Development in Family Medicine  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE This Future of Family Medicine task force report proposes a plan for lifelong learning that is designed to ensure family physicians are prepared to deliver the core attributes and system services of family medicine throughout their careers, especially within the New Model of family medicine that has been proposed. METHODS This report is based on consideration of the proposed New Model for family medicine, along with a careful review of the data generated through research conducted for the Future of Family Medicine project. The personal and professional development of family physicians and the continuous improvement of their practices were considered with an orientation toward providing systems to support the family patient-physician covenant. As a foundation for developing its plan for lifelong learning, the task force explored domains of management mastery, including the management of knowledge and information, the management of relationships, the management of care processes, and cultural proficiency. MAJOR FINDINGS This report presents a number of proposed innovations that have the potential to assure that family physicians deliver the core attributes of family medicine throughout their careers, including linking the family physician’s personal and professional development in a developmental context, based on ongoing self-assessment through the career stages of a family physician, and the creation of continuous personal and professional development modules as a new foundation for continuing medical education and professional development. The process for the continual improvement of clinical practice in family medicine must begin with a close working relationship between the academic community and the practice community. This relationship should be iterative over time, with research creating new practice innovations, which in turn create new questions for the research enterprise. CONCLUSION While traditional continuing medical education (CME) has served to meet many of the original tasks for which it was designed, the current model does not meet many of the emerging needs of patients, physicians, or health delivery systems. For this reason, traditional CME should be replaced with a process that incorporates personal, professional, and practice development. In order to build a more dynamic and effective way to support lifelong learning and performance change, this new process must address the needs that accompany the personal and professional developmental challenges encountered throughout the course of a family physician’s professional lifetime.

Jones, Warren A.; Avant, Robert F.; Davis, Nancy; Saultz, John; Lyons, Paul

2004-01-01

4

Development of Analytical Models of Battalion Task Force Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes research effort to develop analytical methods of defense processes, principally the combat process. The basic structure and underlying assumptions of generalized differential models of combat are presented. Research on methods to pre...

R. Farrell S. Bonder

1970-01-01

5

Automobile Engine Development, Task Force Assessment, Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a comprehensive survey of current knowledge and ongoing research and development projects in the area of vehicular emissions and control. Information provided attempts to answer the questions: how can proposed standards be met with existing technology and what additional research would be required to obtain desired control…

Caretto, L. S.; And Others

6

Globalization Task Force Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the last meeting of the President's National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee (NSTAC) in June 1999, the Globalization Task Force (GTF)1 has concentrated its efforts on national security and emergency preparedness (NS/EP) issues related...

2000-01-01

7

Florida Model Task Force on Diabetic Retinopathy: Development of an Interagency Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development of a mechanism to organize a network in Florida for individuals who are at risk for diabetic retinopathy. The task force comprised representatives from governmental, academic, professional, and voluntary organizations. It worked to educate professionals, patients, and the public through brochures, resource…

Groff, G.; And Others

1990-01-01

8

Phase 0 clinical trials: Recommendations from the task force on methodology for the development of innovative cancer therapies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies (MDICT) task force has been established as an expert forum to develop practical guidance on the development of innovative anticancer agents, in particular targeted agents. The task force recently addressed the utility, design and application of Phase 0 clinical trials in anticancer drug development. It was concluded that the role of

Shivaani Kummar; James H. Doroshow; Joseph E. Tomaszewski; A. Hilary Calvert; Marinus Lobbezoo; Giuseppe Giaccone

2009-01-01

9

Space station operations task force. Panel 3 report: User development and integration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The User Development and Integration Panel of the Space Station Operations Task Force was chartered to develop concepts relating to the operations of the Space Station manned base and the platforms, user accommodation and integration activities. The needs of the user community are addressed in the context with the mature operations phase of the Space Station. Issues addressed include space station pricing options, marketing strategies, payload selection and resource allocation options, and manifesting techniques.

1987-01-01

10

Eco-Efficiency Task Force Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report of the Eco-Efficiency Task Force is a plan to realize the ideal of sustainable development in U.S. business and industry. Task Force investigators studied demonstration projects in automobile and chemical manufacturing, the lithographic printin...

1997-01-01

11

Report of the Transfer Articulation Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report to the Arizona State Legislature describes a model transfer system developed by the Transfer Articulation Task Force, a cooperative effort among the state's universities and community colleges to improve articulation and transfer. Following an introduction to the Task Force, elements of the proposed transfer model are reviewed,…

Arizona State Board of Directors for Community Colleges, Phoenix.

12

The Task-force in Europe for Drug Development for the Young (TEDDY) Network of Excellence.  

PubMed

The Task-force in Europe for Drug Development for the Young (TEDDY) was established in 2005 to contribute to the promotion of safe and efficacious medicines for children in the context of the impending European Paediatric Regulation that finally came into force in January 2007. The project includes seven objectives and 12 Work-Packages encompassing the main aspects of the development and use of pediatric drugs. TEDDY represents a new entity in the pediatric pharmaceutical field, differing from a Scientific Society, a network for developing research or trials, or a consultative regulatory body. The ambition of TEDDY is to support the existing pediatric networks, societies, and regulatory bodies in performing innovative initiatives, including those in areas in which such undertakings would not be feasible without supportive action. To accomplish its aim, TEDDY has focused on three different actions: (i) increasing awareness about the Paediatric Regulation revolution; (ii) reaching consensus on terms and instruments to be used for common research; and (iii) favoring close relationships among different stakeholders and partners from different EU Member States. After 3 years of activities, many results have been produced by the Network: surveys, databases, expert opinions, and recommendations. Linking together different stakeholders, including industry and patient associations, as well as academia and research centers, the Network has contributed to increasing awareness and participation in the Paediatric Regulation. In addition, many papers detailing original results have either been published or submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals. TEDDY is an original Network whose identity and role as a catalyzer of initiatives related to the use and development of pediatric drugs needs to be better clarified in the near future. Of particular importance is the need to reach consensus on best practices. The lack of a common view on pediatric research requirements among stakeholders across Member States remains the main challenge to be overcome. PMID:19127946

Ceci, Adriana; Giaquinto, Carlo; Aboulker, Jean-Pierre; Baiardi, Paola; Bonifazi, Fedele; Della Pasqua, Oscar; Nicolosi, Alfredo; Taruscio, Domenica; Sturkenboom, Miriam; Wong, Ian

2009-01-01

13

Mental Health Task Force Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recommendations of a task force charged with examining conditions of mental health operatios in western Massachusetts are contained in this report. The greatest needs in the region were found to be crisis intervention, childrens' services, community-parti...

D. A. Allen

1974-01-01

14

76 FR 60863 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force (ANS Task Force). The ANS Task Force's purpose is to develop and implement a...information. The meeting is open to the public. DATES: The ANS Task Force will meet from 8:30 a.m. to 5...

2011-09-30

15

Mountains of Work: NACUBO TRA97 Task Force Takes Proactive Stance in Developing Processes, Recommending Changes, and Offering Advice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) task force has developed a process guide, list of policy issues and unsolved questions, and recommendations for colleges and universities to use in complying with the reporting requirements of the Tax Relief Act of 1997, which provides parents of college students with tax…

Gross, Anne C.; Bachinger, Mary M.; Whalen, Edward L.

1998-01-01

16

78 FR 27969 - Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force...the next meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force...to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide). DATES: The...

2013-05-13

17

78 FR 63208 - UPDATE-Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...UPDATE--Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force...update to the meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force...to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide). DATES: The...

2013-10-23

18

77 FR 56845 - Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force...the next meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force...to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide). DATES: The...

2012-09-14

19

Phase 0 clinical trials: recommendations from the Task Force on Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies.  

PubMed

The Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies (MDICT) task force has been established as an expert forum to develop practical guidance on the development of innovative anticancer agents, in particular targeted agents. The task force recently addressed the utility, design and application of Phase 0 clinical trials in anticancer drug development. It was concluded that the role of non-therapeutic Phase 0 trials is controversial for several reasons, including the lack of clinical benefit for participating patients. However, it was recognised that Phase 0 trials provide an opportunity to generate essential human pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data earlier in the drug development process, which could be a major advantage in the design and decision making concerning further clinical development of an agent. Construction of a 'decision chart' was highly recommended to assist investigators and sponsors in determining whether an agent is suitable for evaluation in a Phase 0 trial. PMID:19091546

Kummar, Shivaani; Doroshow, James H; Tomaszewski, Joseph E; Calvert, A Hilary; Lobbezoo, Marinus; Giaccone, Giuseppe

2009-03-01

20

Phase 0 Clinical Trials: Recommendations from the Task Force on Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies  

PubMed Central

The Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies (MDICT) task force has been established as an expert forum to develop practical guidance on the development of innovative anticancer agents, in particular targeted agents. The task force recently addressed the utility, design, and application of Phase 0 clinical trials in anticancer drug development. It was concluded that the role of nontherapeutic Phase 0 trials is controversial for several reasons, including the lack of clinical benefit for participating patients. However, it was recognized that Phase 0 trials provide an opportunity to generate essential human pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data earlier in the drug development process, which could be a major advantage in the design and decision making concerning further clinical development of an agent. Construction of a “decision chart” was highly recommended to assist investigators and sponsors in determining whether an agent is suitable for evaluation in a Phase 0 trial.

Kummar, Shivaani; Doroshow, James H.; Tomaszewski, Joseph E.; Calvert, A. Hilary; Lobbezoo, Marinus; Giaccone, Giuseppe

2010-01-01

21

Qualitative Force Structure Analysis of the Global Mobility Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the Global Mobility Task Force construct and the optimum force structure needed to implement this vision. The 'United States Air Force Transformation Flight Plan' provides the strategic guidance for the Global Mobility Task Force const...

M. J. Logar

2003-01-01

22

78 FR 29378 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force; Public Teleconference/Webinar  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...webinar of the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force (ANS Task Force). The ANS Task Force's purpose is to develop and implement a...INFORMATION CONTACT: Susan Mangin, Executive Secretary, ANS Task Force, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,...

2013-05-20

23

Design and conduct of phase II studies of targeted anticancer therapy: Recommendations from the task force on methodology for the development of innovative cancer therapies (MDICT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies (MDICT) task force considered aspects of the design and conduct of phase II studies for molecular targeted agents during their 2007 meeting. The task force recommended that multinomial endpoints and designs should be considered for phase II studies of targeted agents, that both single arm as well as randomised designs remain

Christopher M. Booth; A. Hilary Calvert; Giuseppe Giaccone; Marinus W. Lobbezoo; Elizabeth A. Eisenhauer; Lesley K. Seymour

2008-01-01

24

Current processes of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: refining evidence-based recommendation development.  

PubMed

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), an independent panel that has provided the gold standard for evidence-based guidelines in prevention for the past 2 decades, continuously refines its methodology. To keep up with the evolving field of evidence- based medicine and to update recommendations in a timely, efficient, and transparent manner, the USPSTF has developed new methods for evidence reviews and recommendation development. This article summarizes the most recent changes in the recommendation development process, including how the USPSTF solicits and prioritizes topics for review, updates evidence reviews and recommendations, and communicates with its audience. PMID:17576998

Guirguis-Blake, Janelle; Calonge, Ned; Miller, Therese; Siu, Albert; Teutsch, Steven; Whitlock, Evelyn

2007-07-17

25

77 FR 16256 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...announces a meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The ANS Task Force's purpose is to develop and implement a...information. The meeting is open to the public. DATES: The ANS Task Force will meet from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.,...

2012-03-20

26

78 FR 60306 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...announce a public meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The ANS Task Force's purpose is to develop and implement a...and to disseminate related information. DATES: The ANS Task Force will meet from 8 a.m. to 4:30...

2013-10-01

27

Solar Energy Task Force Report: Technical Training Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task force report offers guidelines and information for the development of vocational education programs oriented to the commercial application of solar energy in water and space heating. After Section I introduces the Solar Energy Task Force and its activities, Section II outlines the task force's objectives and raises several issues and…

O'Connor, Kevin

28

78 FR 59939 - Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task...next meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task...Andrea Baeder, The Community Guide Branch, Division...Analysis, and Library Services (proposed),...

2013-09-30

29

Development of residential-conservation-survey methodology for the US Air Force. Interim report. Task two  

SciTech Connect

A US Air Force (USAF) Residential Energy Conservation Methodology was developed to compare USAF needs and available data to the procedures of the Residential Conservation Service (RCS) program as developed for general use by utility companies serving civilian customers. Attention was given to the data implications related to group housing, climatic data requirements, life-cycle cost analysis, energy saving modifications beyond those covered by RCS, and methods for utilizing existing energy consumption data in approaching the USAF survey program. Detailed information and summaries are given on the five subtasks of the program. Energy conservation alternatives are listed and the basic analysis techniques to be used in evaluating their thermal performane are described. (MCW)

Abrams, D. W.; Hartman, T. L.; Lau, A. S.

1981-11-13

30

General Aviation Task Force report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

General aviation is officially defined as all aviation except scheduled airlines and the military. It is the only air transportation to many communities throughout the world. In order to reverse the recent decline in general aviation aircraft produced in the United States, the Task Force recommends that NASA provide the expertise and facilities such as wind tunnels and computer codes for aircraft design. General aviation manufacturers are receptive to NASA's innovations and technological leadership and are expected to be effective users of NASA-generated technologies.

1993-01-01

31

THE STRATEGIC UNCONVENTIONAL FUELS TASK FORCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is a product of a Task Force of eleven (11) members including the Secretaries of the Departments of Energy, Defense, and the Interior; the Governors of the States of Colorado, Kentucky, Mississippi, Utah, and Wyoming; and representatives of localities in those states that would be impacted by the development of the unconventional resources located therein. This report does

W. Bodman

32

Report of the Hispanic Learner Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents recommendations for improving educational success, excellence, and equity for Hispanic American students in Minnesota's public schools. The document describes the actions that established the Minnesota State Board of Education Hispanic Learner Task Force (HLTF), the procedures for developing the recommendations, and…

Minnesota State Board of Education, St. Paul.

33

FRAX(®) Clinical Task Force of the 2010 Joint International Society for Clinical Densitometry & International Osteoporosis Foundation Position Development Conference.  

PubMed

The World Health Organization fracture risk assessment tool, FRAX(®), is an advance in clinical care that can assist in clinical decision-making. However, with increasing clinical utilization, numerous questions have arisen regarding how to best estimate fracture risk in an individual patient. Recognizing the need to assist clinicians in optimal use of FRAX(®), the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) in conjunction with the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) assembled an international panel of experts that ultimately developed joint Official Positions of the ISCD and IOF advising clinicians regarding FRAX(®) usage. As part of the process, the charge of the FRAX(®) Clinical Task Force was to review and synthesize data surrounding a number of recognized clinical risk factors including rheumatoid arthritis, smoking, alcohol, prior fracture, falls, bone turnover markers and glucocorticoid use. This synthesis was presented to the expert panel and constitutes the data on which the subsequent Official Positions are predicated. A summary of the Clinical Task Force composition and charge is presented here. PMID:21810522

McCloskey, Eugene V; Binkley, Neil

2011-01-01

34

FRAX® International Task Force of the 2010 Joint International Society for Clinical Densitometry & International Osteoporosis Foundation Position Development Conference.  

PubMed

Osteoporosis is a serious worldwide epidemic. FRAX® is a web-based tool developed by the Sheffield WHO Collaborating Center team, that integrates clinical risk factors and femoral neck BMD and calculates the 10 year fracture probability in order to help health care professionals identify patients who need treatment. However, only 31 countries have a FRAX® calculator. In the absence of a FRAX® model for a particular country, it has been suggested to use a surrogate country for which the epidemiology of osteoporosis most closely approximates the index country. More specific recommendations for clinicians in these countries are not available. In North America, concerns have also been raised regarding the assumptions used to construct the US ethnic specific FRAX® calculators with respect to the correction factors applied to derive fracture probabilities in Blacks, Asians and Hispanics in comparison to Whites. In addition, questions were raised about calculating fracture risk in other ethnic groups e.g., Native Americans and First Canadians. The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) in conjunction with the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) assembled an international panel of experts that ultimately developed joint Official Positions of the ISCD and IOF advising clinicians regarding FRAX® usage. As part of the process, the charge of the FRAX® International Task Force was to review and synthesize data regarding geographic and race/ethnic variability in hip fractures, non-hip osteoporotic fractures, and make recommendations about the use of FRAX® in ethnic groups and countries without a FRAX® calculator. This synthesis was presented to the expert panel and constitutes the data on which the subsequent Official Positions are predicated. A summary of the International Task Force composition and charge is presented here. PMID:21810531

Cauley, Jane A; El-Hajj Fuleihan, Ghada; Luckey, Marjorie M

2011-01-01

35

United States Coral Reef Task Force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Coral Reef Task Force was established to lead the U.S. response to the growing global environmental crisis facing our coral reefs. This site contains information on what coral reefs are, where they can be found, how to protect them, and what the threats are. Reports on Task Force accomplishments and documents about national action plans and other information on the Task Force and their meetings is also included.

36

77 FR 71471 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) Reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing...support veteran's business development by the...vetstaskforce@sba.gov....

2012-11-30

37

75 FR 62438 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) Reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing...support veteran's business development by the...snyder@sba.gov....

2010-10-08

38

76 FR 21090 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) Reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing...support veteran's business development by the...vetstaskforce@sba.gov....

2011-04-14

39

76 FR 8393 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) Reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing...support veteran's business development by the...vetstaskforce@sba.gov....

2011-02-14

40

75 FR 75187 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development Meeting Notice  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) Reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing...support veterans' business development by the...snyder@sba.gov....

2010-12-02

41

77 FR 1548 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) Reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing...support veteran's business development by the...vetstaskforce@sba.gov....

2012-01-10

42

76 FR 56863 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) Reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing...support veteran's business development by the...vetstaskforce@sba.gov....

2011-09-14

43

77 FR 41472 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) Reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing...support veteran's business development by the...vetstaskforce@sba.gov....

2012-07-13

44

78 FR 7849 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) Reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing...support veteran's business development by the...vetstaskforce@sba.gov....

2013-02-04

45

75 FR 62611 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...status as a small business; (4) reducing...burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) increasing...support veteran's business development by the...snyder@sba.gov....

2010-10-12

46

Endpoints and other considerations in phase I studies of targeted anticancer therapy: Recommendations from the task force on Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies (MDICT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oncology drug development has seen a paradigm shift in the past decade from traditional cytotoxic agents to molecular targeted therapies. Given the different mechanisms and toxicities of these agents, drug development methodology may also require novel approaches. To address emerging issues in oncology drug development the ‘Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies’ (MDICT) task force was established to

Christopher M. Booth; A. Hilary Calvert; Giuseppe Giaccone; Marinus W. Lobbezoo; Lesley K. Seymour; Elizabeth A. Eisenhauer

2008-01-01

47

Antiphospholipid Syndrome Clinical Research Task Force report.  

PubMed

The Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) Clinical Research Task Force (CRTF) was one of six Task Forces developed by the 13(th) International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies (aPL) organization committee with the purpose of: a) evaluating the limitations of APS clinical research and developing guidelines for researchers to help improve the quality of APS research; and b) prioritizing the ideas for a well-designed multicenter clinical trial and discussing the pragmatics of getting such a trial done. Following a systematic working algorithm, the Task Force identified five major issues that impede APS clinical research and the ability to develop evidence-based recommendations for the management of aPL-positive patients: (1) aPL detection has been based on partially or non-standardized tests, and clinical (and basic) APS research studies have included patients with heterogeneous aPL profiles with different clinical event risks; (2) clinical (and basic) APS research studies have included a heterogeneous group of patients with different aPL-related manifestations (some controversial); (3) thrombosis and/or pregnancy risk stratification and quantification are rarely incorporated in APS clinical research; (4) most APS clinical studies include patients with single positive aPL results and/or low-titer aPL ELISA results; furthermore, study designs are mostly retrospective and not population based, with limited number of prospective and/or controlled population studies; and (5) lack of the understanding the particular mechanisms of aPL-mediated clinical events limits the optimal clinical study design. The Task Force recommended that there is an urgent need for a truly international collaborative approach to design and conduct well-designed prospective large-scale multi-center clinical trials of patients with persistent and clinically significant aPL profiles. An international collaborative meeting to formulate a good research question using 'FINER' (Feasible; Interesting; Novel; Ethical; and Relevant) criteria took place in November 2010. PMID:21303838

Erkan, D; Derksen, R; Levy, R; Machin, S; Ortel, T; Pierangeli, S; Roubey, R; Lockshin, M

2011-02-01

48

Physical Education Outcomes: Grades K-5. Report of the Task Force To Develop HPERD Program Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These program guidelines, based on the 5-point definition of the physically educated person developed by the National Association for Sports and Physical Education (NASPE), provide reference information to states, school districts, and local schools who seek assistance in developing and maintaining quality programs in physical education. Ten…

American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. Eastern District Association.

49

75 FR 24781 - Task Force on Space Industry Workforce and Economic Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...transform and expand the country's space exploration efforts. That is why I am launching...developments in America's space exploration program. Such support may include...transformation of America's space exploration program and support the...

2010-05-06

50

Report of the Task Force on detector Research and Development for the Superconducting Super Collider  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a: Report of the working group on tracking devices; report of the working group on calorimetry; report of the working group on muon, electron and hadron identification; report of the working group on electronics, triggering, data acquisition and computing; report of the working group on superconducting magnets; and report of the working group on Monte Carlo development.

NONE

1986-06-01

51

Recommended mission directed goals for electric vehicle battery research and development. The task force on electric vehicle battery goals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research and development goal packages were developed for the state-of-the-art, flow-through, and bipolar lead-acid batteries, nickel/iron, nickel/zinc, nickel/cadmium, zinc/bromine, iron/air, lithium/iron sulfide, and sodium/sulfur technologies. Since each battery must satisfy mission power/energy requirements throughout every cycle of its operating life, the principal design point is the end-of-life condition. Since all batteries exhibit deteriorating performance with age, excess kWh capacity of 20 to 30 percent is required early in life. The Battery Panel first identified present state-of-the-art performance characteristics and design interrelationships for each battery technology, and projected the degree of advance expected by 1995. Near-term and 1995 design tradeoffs were modeled using the EVA computerized system developed by ANL. The next step was to target each battery system for a single range (80, 120 or 160 km), depending on its projected 1995 capabilities. For each battery, baseline calculations were carried out assuming the maximum battery weight (695 kg) to be on board. In addition to performance, life, and cost goals, development targets were also established for efficiency, maintenance, and allowable self-discharge rate. The Task Force attempted to establish battery cost requirements, assuming economic parity (in 1995) with other modes of transportation.

1986-03-01

52

Task Force Smith the Lesson Never Learned.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph explores the often-used phrase 'No more Task Force Smiths'. This catchphrase is used to express a desire to avoid the perceived mistakes that lead to the defeat of Task Force Smith during the Korean War, July 1950. It deployed and was decim...

J. Garrett

2000-01-01

53

Youth Employment. Final Recommendations of the State Superintendent's Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the final recommendations of the task force on youth employment for the state of Wisconsin. The task force was specifically charged with studying issues related to working teenagers, reviewing existing laws and regulations on child labor, and developing recommendations to ensure that when teenagers work, their jobs do not…

Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison.

54

Supplement to Task Force Report on Rural Development Research in the Northeast for the Next Five Years--A Framework. Publication 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared by the Task Force on Rural Development Research (appointed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture), this analytical directory gives primary emphasis to 133 Rural Development 1 (RD1) research projects which were "active" projects between January 1 and June 30, 1973 in 13 Northeastern state agricultural experiment stations and the 2…

Harrington, Clifford R., Comp.; Glock, Sandra, Comp.

55

Current Processes of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: Refining Evidence-Based Recommendation Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

he U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is an internationally recognized, independent panel of non- federal experts in primary care, prevention, and research methods that makes evidence-based recommendations to guide the delivery of clinical preventive services. Convened and supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the USPSTF is charged by the U.S. Congress to review the scientific

Janelle Guirguis-Blake; Ned Calonge; Therese Miller; Albert Siu; Steven Teutsch; Evelyn Whitlock

56

Recommendations for the Application of Biostatistical Methods During the Development and Validation of Alternative Toxicological Methods ECVAM Biostatistics Task Force Report 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary — Assessment of the relevance and reliability of alternative toxicological methods requires the application of biostatistical methods. This report contains the recommendations of the ECVAM Task Force on Biostatistics for the appropriate use of biometrical methods, and for closer collaboration between biostatisticians and experimental toxicologists in the development and validation of alternative methods. The main objectives of these recommendations

Hermann-Georg Holzhiitter; Graeme Archer; Nadia Dami; David P. Lovell; Michael Sjostrom

57

Spotlight on the Middle: A Source Book of Notable Texas Middle School Programs Developed for the Texas Task Force on Middle School Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook of over 100 Texas middle-school programs was developed to help educators implement intermediate-grade education concepts and practices in their schools. The volume is a companion publication to "Spotlight on the Middle: Report of the Texas Task Force on Middle School Education." The introduction mentions two offices in the Texas…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

58

Learning a Living in Canada. Volume II. Policy Options for the Nations. Report to the Minister of Employment and Immigration Canada by the Skill Development Leave Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second volume of a two-volume report presents findings of a task force on the importance of skill development leave as a mechanism for retraining, upgrading, and updating workers in a dynamic Canadian society. Volume II is an instrument for consultation. Chapter 8 (the first seven chapters appear in volume I) looks at the lifelong learning…

Canada Employment and Immigration Commission, Ottawa (Ontario).

59

Learning a Living in Canada. Volume I. Background and Perspectives. Report to the Minister of Employment and Immigration Canada by the Skill Development Leave Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first volume of a two-volume report presents findings of a task force on the importance of skill development leave as a mechanism for retraining, upgrading, and updating workers in a dynamic Canadian society. The report is designed as a tool for consultation. Volume I contains two parts. Part I, the background section, describes the current…

Canada Employment and Immigration Commission, Ottawa (Ontario).

60

Task Force on Speech Pathology and Audiology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results and conclusions of a 1972 study performed by the Task Force on Speech Pathology and Audiology. Thirteen educational institutions offering degrees in speech pathology and audiology in Louisiana were surveyed, and completed ...

J. L. Peterson

1973-01-01

61

Task goal and grip force dynamics.  

PubMed

This study examined the effect of task goal on the structure of isometric force variability during precision grasping. In general, variability of isometric force production decreases when participants are asked to maintain a particular force output and are provided with visual feedback, although the irregularity of force output tends to increase under these conditions. In the current study we compared the tasks of holding an object using a precision grip and holding an object using a precision grip while matching a force target. Adults held an object between the index finger and thumb and force output was measured using load cells. The mass (92, 276, 460 g) and the grip aperture (5.5 and 8.5 cm) of the object were varied producing six different object conditions. The goal of the task was to either: (a) hold the object comfortably in a stable position (holding task) or (b) hold the object comfortably in a stable position while maintaining a constant target force level that matched the grip force of the holding condition (target task). The results showed that the amount of force variability in the target condition was lower than during the holding condition, while the force output was more regular in the holding condition. Increments in object mass increased force regularity in the holding condition whereas increments of force level decreased regularity in the target condition. The level of coherence between the two digits was very high (approximately 0.98) and maximum coherence occurred at a higher frequency during the target (0.94 Hz) as opposed to the holding (0.70 Hz) condition. The findings reveal that the goal of the task can qualitatively change the dynamical organization of the force output in prehension, even when the average force level produced is the same. This effect on the control strategy was mediated by visual information processes that interact with level of force output in determining the structure of variability. Theorizing about the organization of isometric force output should include the effects of task goals as well as the level of force per se. PMID:14968275

Jordan, Kimberlee; Newell, Karl M

2004-06-01

62

Task Force on Merit Review Discussion Report  

NSF Publications Database

Subsequently, an NSF staff task group on review criteria, formed by the Deputy Director, found that the criteria are unevenly applied by reviewers and NSF staff in the proposal review and selection process, and reported that, "The NSB criteria are in need of clarification and should be rewritten." The task group also recommended that options be explored for more effective application of the criteria. Revised Generic Merit Review Criteria The Task Force recommends the two generic criteria (...

63

Task III: Development of an Effective Computational Methodology for Body Force Representation of High-speed Rotor 37  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A framework for an effective computational methodology for characterizing the stability and the impact of distortion in high-speed multi-stage compressor is being developed. The methodology consists of using a few isolated-blade row Navier-Stokes solutions for each blade row to construct a body force database. The purpose of the body force database is to replace each blade row in a multi-stage compressor by a body force distribution to produce same pressure rise and flow turning. To do this, each body force database is generated in such a way that it can respond to the changes in local flow conditions. Once the database is generated, no hrther Navier-Stokes computations are necessary. The process is repeated for every blade row in the multi-stage compressor. The body forces are then embedded as source terms in an Euler solver. The method is developed to have the capability to compute the performance in a flow that has radial as well as circumferential non-uniformity with a length scale larger than a blade pitch; thus it can potentially be used to characterize the stability of a compressor under design. It is these two latter features as well as the accompanying procedure to obtain the body force representation that distinguish the present methodology from the streamline curvature method. The overall computational procedures have been developed. A dimensional analysis was carried out to determine the local flow conditions for parameterizing the magnitudes of the local body force representation of blade rows. An Euler solver was modified to embed the body forces as source terms. The results from the dimensional analysis show that the body forces can be parameterized in terms of the two relative flow angles, the relative Mach number, and the Reynolds number. For flow in a high-speed transonic blade row, they can be parameterized in terms of the local relative Mach number alone.

Tan, Choon-Sooi; Suder, Kenneth (Technical Monitor)

2003-01-01

64

Community hoarding task forces: a comparative case study of five task forces in the United States.  

PubMed

During the past decade, many community task forces have formed to address hoarding problems that come to public attention. Such task forces provide a societal-level intervention to assist people with the most severe cases of hoarding, who do not voluntarily seek or want help for their hoarding behaviour. This qualitative study of five U.S. hoarding task forces included sites selected for their diversity of purpose, approaches to hoarding intervention and community geography, composition and resources. Data were collected during the period of September 2007-March 2008. The case study methodology used multiple forms of data, including semi-structured interviews, analysis of documents, small group interviews and investigator observation. This study captured the perspectives of public and private sector service providers such as mental health, housing, social service, public health agencies and community enforcement organisations (fire, police, legal, animal control) to examine how task forces organise and operate and the emerging practice and policy changes. Study findings suggest that structural factors (e.g. leadership, purpose, funding and membership) impact hoarding task force viability, that participation on a task force influences practice and policy decisions about hoarding, and that social work can expand its role in task force leadership. Task forces may be a mechanism for improving community policies about hoarding and mechanisms for addressing other social problems across multiple sectors. PMID:23199135

Bratiotis, Christiana

2013-05-01

65

FRAX(®) Bone Mineral Density Task Force of the 2010 Joint International Society for Clinical Densitometry & International Osteoporosis Foundation Position Development Conference.  

PubMed

FRAX(®) is a fracture risk assessment algorithm developed by the World Health Organization in cooperation with other medical organizations and societies. Using easily available clinical information and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), when available, FRAX(®) is used to predict the 10-year probability of hip fracture and major osteoporotic fracture. These values may be included in country specific guidelines to aid clinicians in determining when fracture risk is sufficiently high that the patient is likely to benefit from pharmacological therapy to reduce that risk. Since the introduction of FRAX(®) into clinical practice, many practical clinical questions have arisen regarding its use. To address such questions, the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) and International Osteoporosis Foundations (IOF) assigned task forces to review the best available medical evidence and make recommendations for optimal use of FRAX(®) in clinical practice. Questions were identified and divided into three general categories. A task force was assigned to investigating the medical evidence in each category and developing clinically useful recommendations. The BMD Task Force addressed issues that included the potential use of skeletal sites other than the femoral neck, the use of technologies other than DXA, and the deletion or addition of clinical data for FRAX(®) input. The evidence and recommendations were presented to a panel of experts at the ISCD-IOF FRAX(®) Position Development Conference, resulting in the development of ISCD-IOF Official Positions addressing FRAX(®)-related issues. PMID:21810529

Lewiecki, E Michael; Compston, Juliet E; Miller, Paul D; Adachi, Jonathan D; Adams, Judith E; Leslie, William D; Kanis, John A

2011-01-01

66

An Evaluation of Community Organization and Leadership Development in Cooperative Extension's Community Development Program. A National Task Force Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national evaluation study was conducted to ascertain the effects of the large quantity of manpower devoted to community organization and leadership development work by state cooperative extension services. Data were sought on evaluation questions which addressed objectives and policies related to community organizational and leadership…

Carroll, Adger B.

67

Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Heads of State or Government of seven major industrial nations met for the fifteenth annual Economic Summit. Among other resolutions on drug issues, they convened a Financial Action Task Force (FATF) to assess the results of the cooperation already un...

1990-01-01

68

Interstate Migrant Education Task Force: Migrant Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because ill-clothed, sick, or hungry migrant children learn poorly, the Task Force has emphasized the migrant health situation in 1979. Migrant workers have a 33% shorter life expectancy, a 25% higher infant mortality rate, and a 25% higher death rate from tuberculosis and other communicable diseases than the national average. Common among…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

69

Suez Canal Clearance Operation, Task Force 65.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides the documentation of the Suez Canal Clearance Operations NIMBUS STAR, NIMBUS MOON, and NIMROD SPAR undertaken by Task Force 65 during the period 11 April to 15 December 1974. Under the terms of two bilateral agreements between the Gov...

1975-01-01

70

Citizens Task Force Study on Aging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A citizens task force of 25 persons representing the geographic areas and population of Shasta College (Redding, California) district was organized to propose goals for Shasta College in providing services for the older adult population in the district, and to make recommendations concerning a comprehensive continuing program to achieve these…

Collyer, Gilbert A.; Greenleaf, George

71

U.S. Transport Task Force 2010  

SciTech Connect

The Transport Task Force (TTF) Meeting is a venue for vigorous scientific discourse and discussion on topics in transport and turbulence in fusion plasmas. Its participation is international. The 2010 meeting was highly effective, with 139 registered participants and 131 presentations. This is remarkable for an even year (IAEA year) meeting. The meeting clearly fostered progress in understanding and control of turbulent transport.

Diamond, P.H.

2011-09-21

72

Self-Study Task Force Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The task force study for the NACAC to which the entire September issue of ACAC is devoted, reviews the Constitution of NACAC in the light of changing and expanding needs of NACAC, and studies the relationship between NACAC and the State and Regional branches. (Author/EJT)

Hetherington, Frank W.

1975-01-01

73

Task Force on Violent Crime Misses Mark.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Attorney General's Task Force on Violent Crime recommends more incarceration to combat rising crime. These recommendations will negatively affect Blacks, who suffer from a criminal justice system designed to treat them unfairly. Approaches to the crime problem should begin by addressing the social causes of rising crime. (Author/MJL)

Reid, Herbert O.

1982-01-01

74

First interim report of the Federal Fleet Conversion Task Force  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Fleet Conversion Task Force was created by Executive Order 12844, signed by President Clinton on April 21, 1993. In the Order, the President directed that purchases of alternative fueled vehicles by the Federal Government be substantially increased beyond the levels required by current law. The President charged the Task Force with developing recommendations for carrying out the Executive Order, with special emphasis on setting a course that will lead to the widespread use of alternative fueled vehicles by Federal, State, and local government fleets, by private fleets and, ultimately, by individuals. The chief recommendation of the Task Force is the establishment of a Presidential Clean Cities Initiative. To support creation of the Presidential Initiative, the Task Force identified 38 cities and regions, prioritized into three tiers, for concentrating the Initiative`s efforts in Fiscal Years 1994 through 1996. This concentration of effort is key to the effectiveness of the Initiative. The 38 cities and regions would receive priority funding for Federal vehicle purchases and for infrastructure development. In addition, the Task Force has made specific recommendations for overcoming numerous regulatory, economic, and technical barriers that have slowed the introduction of alternative fueled vehicles into general use.

Not Available

1993-08-01

75

Final Technical Report Transport Task Force  

SciTech Connect

The Transport Task Force has functioned as the primary scientific organization in the area of magnetic-fusion confinement and transport since its inception in 1988. It has defined and set research directions, coordinated broad research efforts, advocated new funding initiatives, and created a highly successful and widely admired interactive culture between experiment, theory and modeling. The Transport Task Force carries out its activities under the direction of its chair and the Executive Committee. The Executive Committee is comprised of the leaders and deputy leaders of the scientific working groups. The working groups are structured and organized according to research needs and priorities and have been organized around the areas of Core Transport, H Mode and Pedestal, Fast Particle Transport, Transient Transport Phenomena, and Modeling and Simulation. A steering committee provides advise on TTF activities. Further information on the working groups and the structure and management of the TTF can be found at http://psfcwww2.psfc.mit.edu/ttf/index.html. The TTF holds an annual workshop. A summary of the workshops held during the period of this report is given in Appendix I. During the period of this report the Transport Task Force was involved in several significant activities. Foremost of these was a sweeping review of the status of transport science, the key research tasks for progress during the next 5-10 years, and a proposal for a funding initiative to ensure application of adequate resources to these problems. The conclusions of this study were incorporated into a white paper, which is copied below in Appendix II. Other significant activities have included the introduction of an extended, ongoing discussion on verification and validation as a requisite for defining and codifying the path toward predictive capability, the orchestration of a gradual shift of focus from ion thermal confinement to electron thermal confinement, and a joining of efforts on edge physics by coordinating and uniting efforts of the Transport Task Force and Edge Coordinating Committee. During the next biennium the TTF is chaired by Keith Burrell.

P.W. Terry

2006-08-22

76

76 FR 65321 - Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Task Force AGENCY: Department...VA) established the Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Task Force (GWVI-TF...addressing 1990-1991 Gulf War Veterans' illnesses. The second Gulf...

2011-10-20

77

75 FR 16577 - Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Task Force AGENCY: Department...Affairs (VA) established the Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Task Force (GWVI-TF...1990-1991 Gulf War Veterans' illnesses. The Gulf War Veterans'...

2010-04-01

78

78 FR 28292 - Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Task Force AGENCY: Department...VA) established the Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses Task Force (GWVI-TF...addressing 1990-1991 Gulf War Veterans' illnesses. The third Gulf War...

2013-05-14

79

75 FR 32186 - Task Force on Community Preventive Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Task Force on Community Preventive Services Name: Task Force on Community Preventive Services meeting. Times and Dates: 8 a...the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide), which is based on...

2010-06-07

80

75 FR 4402 - Task Force on Community Preventive Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Task Force on Community Preventive Services Name: Task Force on Community Preventive Services meeting. Times and Dates: 8 a...the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide), which is based on...

2010-01-27

81

School Violence. Report of the Superintendent's Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on School Violence was convened to generate recommendations to key state policy makers to stem the rising tide of violence on school campuses. This report presents the task force's conclusions in two sections: (1) Findings; and (2) Recommendations. In their findings, the task force identified some key elements of prevention…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

82

75 FR 15457 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The meeting is open to the...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section. DATES: The ANS Task Force will meet from 8 a.m. to 5...Thursday, May 6, 2010. ADDRESSES: The ANS Task Force meeting will take place at...

2010-03-29

83

75 FR 61175 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The meeting is open to the...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section. DATES: The ANS Task Force will meet from 8 a.m. to 5...Thursday, November 4, 2010. ADDRESSES: The ANS Task Force meeting will take place at...

2010-10-04

84

76 FR 15334 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The meeting is open to the...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section. DATES: The ANS Task Force will meet from 8 a.m. to 5...Friday, May 6, 2011. ADDRESSES: The ANS Task Force meeting will take place at...

2011-03-21

85

Criterios de eficacia de los tratamientos según la Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the evaluation criteria of the effectiveness of psychological treatments developed by the American Association of Psychology for the evaluation of the Treatments with Empirical Support, distinguishing between: well-established well (effective) treatments, probably effective treatments and experimental treatments. The criteria selected by the experts’ committee (Task Force), appointed by the association, are based on the possibility or not of

A. I. Rosa-Alcázar; E. Rosa-Alcázar

2009-01-01

86

Report of the Task Force on Preservation Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task force report discusses preservation practices in the University of Wyoming Library and presents recommendations for developing a more cohesive library material preservation program with a timeline for implementation. Recommendations deal with the specific areas of staffing the conservation program; condition of library materials;…

Hanscom, Martha; And Others

87

National Education Task Force De La Raza. Annual Report, 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Education Task Force De La Raza uses lay and professional people of Mexican descent to provide role models and motivate students and teachers toward self-development and community service. Its major objectives are to: (1) prepare its members as educational catalysts and consultants; (2) assist in identifying, recruiting, and training…

California Univ., Los Angeles.

88

Learning Partnerships: Strengthening American Jobs in the Global Economy. A Report of the Task Force on Workforce Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Global competition, sweeping technological change, and demographic shifts in the labor force call for a national campaign to improve the skills and professionalism of the American workforce. This document calls for the creation of new learning partnerships throughout communities and workplaces to sustain middle-class jobs, pay the social costs of…

Albert Shanker Institute, 2004

2004-01-01

89

Design and conduct of early clinical studies of two or more targeted anticancer therapies: recommendations from the task force on Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies.  

PubMed

The Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies (MDICT) task force considered aspects of the design and conduct of early (phase I and II) studies of combinations of molecular targeted agents during their 2012 meeting. The task force defined necessary non-clinical data, such as evidence of additive or synergistic effects in multiple molecularly credentialed and validated models, and appropriate pharmacodynamic marker development. A robust hypothesis was considered critical while non-clinical pharmacokinetic studies were also considered valuable. Clinical trials should include clear objectives that will prove or disprove the hypothesis. Predictive biomarkers/classifiers should be explored in phase I studies, rather than used to select patients. Trial design should be efficient and flexible rather than based on a strict progression from phase I to II to III; researchers could consider phase I studies with an expansion cohort, Phase I/II designs or phase II studies with a safety run in. Pharmacokinetics are recommended when interactions or overlapping toxicity is expected. Pharmacodynamic evaluations should be considered especially in a subset of patients closest to the recommended dose; an attempt should be made to validate surrogate tissues to enable inclusion for all patients. Schedule and or dose should be formally explored for e.g. with a randomised or an adaptive design. Data and knowledge sharing was strongly recommended, including the creation of formal or informal consortia of laboratories with individual expertise in pathway or target based models, collaboration between companies to ensure that agents which are 'best in class' are combined, and the development of databases which will be able to inform the development of future recommendations/guidelines. PMID:23428669

Seymour, Lesley K; Calvert, A Hilary; Lobbezoo, Marinus W; Eisenhauer, Elizabeth A; Giaccone, Giuseppe

2013-05-01

90

Task force reduces stuck-pipe costs  

SciTech Connect

A task-force approach to stuck pipe has produced more than a 70% reduction in BP Exploration Operating Co.'s worldwide stuck-pipe costs during 1989 and 1990. We believe that these results have been primarily due to focusing our attention on improving personnel performance rather than to the introduction of new technology. Key elements in this paper of the efforts involved: Recognizing the importance of the drilling contractor and the service company staff's role in helping control stuck pipe; Promoting a rig-team approach to tackling the problem; Providing training on rig-team, stuck-pipe problem solving; and raising awareness of stuck pipe through a coordinated worldwide communications program among BP, contractors, and service companies.

Bradley, W.B. (BP Research, Houston, TX (US)); Jarman, D. (BP Exploration Operation Co., Aberdeen (GB)); Auflick, R.A.; Plott, R.S. (BP Exploration Operating Co., Houston, TX (US)); Wood, R.D. (BP Exploration Operating Co., London (GB)); Schofield, T.R. (BP Exploration Operating Co., Beijing (CN)); Cocking, D. (BP Exploration Operating Co., Ho Chi Minh City (CN))

1991-05-27

91

NCCN Task Force Report: Oral chemotherapy.  

PubMed

Oral chemotherapy is emerging as a new option for well-selected patients who can manage potentially complex oral regimens and self-monitor for potential complications. If a choice between oral and parenteral therapy is available, patients may opt for oral chemotherapy because it is more convenient to administer, allows them to avoid multiple office visits, and gives them a sense of control over their own cancer care. Whether these potential advantages are maintained in regimens that combine oral and parenteral drugs is less clear. The use of oral chemotherapeutic agents profoundly affects all aspects of oncology, including creating significant safety and adherence issues, shifting some traditional roles and responsibilities of oncologists, nurses, and pharmacists to patients and caregivers. The financing of chemotherapy is also affected. To address these issues, the NCCN convened a multidisciplinary task force consisting of oncologists, nurses, pharmacists, and payor representatives to discuss the impact of the increasing use of oral chemotherapy. PMID:18377852

Weingart, Saul N; Brown, Elizabeth; Bach, Peter B; Eng, Kirby; Johnson, Shirley A; Kuzel, Timothy M; Langbaum, Terry S; Leedy, R Donald; Muller, Raymond J; Newcomer, Lee N; O'Brien, Susan; Reinke, Denise; Rubino, Mark; Saltz, Leonard; Walters, Ronald S

2008-03-01

92

NCCN Bone Health Task Force: Key Recommendations.  

PubMed

For patients with advanced cancers involving bone, the standard of care for maintaining bone health is the use of antiresorptive therapies such as bisphosphonates, selective estrogen-receptor modulators, and denosumab. However, although long-term adverse events are rare and the risk-benefit ratio of these agents is usually markedly in favor of treatment, clinicians should be aware that they can occur. At the NCCN 19th Annual Conference, Dr. Azeez Farooki presented the key findings of the NCCN Bone Health Task Force, focusing on such topics as screening for osteoporosis; the controversial use of drug holidays from chronic bisphosphonate therapy; the provocative yet unclear story surrounding the potential anticancer benefits of antiresorptive agents; imaging for metastatic bone disease; and safety considerations linked to calcium supplements, vitamin D, and bone-strengthening agents. PMID:24853223

Farooki, Azeez

2014-05-01

93

A Bill of Rights For Children: The Report of the President's Task Force on Early Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an analysis of early factors influencing children's growth and development and makes recommendations for federal action to insure that all children are provided with the same basic opportunity to develop to their potential. The analysis of the situation includes discussions on: (1) the importance of circumstances during early…

Hunt, J. McVicker; And Others

94

Defense Task Force on Domestic Violence: First Annual Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On March 9, 2001, the US Department of Defense Task Force on Domestic Violence released its first report and strategic plan. The 24-member Task Force was established last year with a three-year mission to formulate a long-term, strategic plan to eliminate domestic violence within the military. Users may read the full-text of the 118-page report at the Task Force site, which also offers additional information and related links.

2001-01-01

95

Space station operations task force. Panel 4 report: Management integration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Management Integration Panel of the Space Station Operations Task Force was chartered to provide a structure and ground rules for integrating the efforts of the other three panels and to address a number of cross cutting issues that affect all areas of space station operations. Issues addressed include operations concept implementation, alternatives development and integration process, strategic policy issues and options, and program management emphasis areas.

1987-01-01

96

Developing an evidence-based Guide to Community Preventive Services--methods. The Task Force on Community Preventive Services.  

PubMed

Systematic reviews and evidence-based recommendations are increasingly important for decision making in health and medicine. Over the past 20 years, information on the science of synthesizing research results has exploded. However, some approaches to systematic reviews of the effectiveness of clinical preventive services and medical care may be less appropriate for evaluating population-based interventions. Furthermore, methods for linking evidence to recommendations are less well developed than methods for synthesizing evidence. The Guide to Community Preventive Services: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Recommendations (the Guide) will evaluate and make recommendations on population-based and public health interventions. This paper provides an overview of the Guide's process to systematically review evidence and translate that evidence into recommendations. The Guide reviews evidence on effectiveness, the applicability of effectiveness data, (i.e., the extent to which available effectiveness data is thought to apply to additional populations and settings), the intervention's other effects (i.e., important side effects), economic impact, and barriers to implementation of interventions. The steps for obtaining and evaluating evidence into recommendations involve: (1) forming multidisciplinary chapter development teams, (2) developing a conceptual approach to organizing, grouping, selecting and evaluating the interventions in each chapter; (3) selecting interventions to be evaluated; (4) searching for and retrieving evidence; (5) assessing the quality of and summarizing the body of evidence of effectiveness; (6) translating the body of evidence of effectiveness into recommendations; (7) considering information on evidence other than effectiveness; and (8) identifying and summarizing research gaps. Systematic reviews of and evidence-based recommendations for population-health interventions are challenging and methods will continue to evolve. However, using an evidence-based approach to identify and recommend effective interventions directed at specific public health goals may reduce errors in how information is collected and interpreted, identify important gaps in current knowledge thus guiding further research, and enhance the Guide users' ability to assess whether recommendations are valid and prudent from their own perspectives. Over time, all of these advantages could help to increase agreement regarding appropriate community health strategies and help to increase their implementation. PMID:10806978

Briss, P A; Zaza, S; Pappaioanou, M; Fielding, J; Wright-De Agüero, L; Truman, B I; Hopkins, D P; Mullen, P D; Thompson, R S; Woolf, S H; Carande-Kulis, V G; Anderson, L; Hinman, A R; McQueen, D V; Teutsch, S M; Harris, J R

2000-01-01

97

14th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies Task Force Report on Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome.  

PubMed

The 'Task Force on Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (CAPS)' was developed on the occasion of the 14th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies. The objectives of this Task Force were to assess the current knowledge on pathogenesis, clinical and laboratory features, diagnosis and classification, precipitating factors and treatment of this condition in order to address recommendations for future research. This article summarizes the studies analyzed by the Task Force, its recommendations and the future research agenda. PMID:24657970

Cervera, Ricard; Rodríguez-Pintó, Ignasi; Colafrancesco, Serena; Conti, Fabrizio; Valesini, Guido; Rosário, Cristina; Agmon-Levin, Nancy; Shoenfeld, Yehuda; Ferrão, Claudia; Faria, Raquel; Vasconcelos, Carlos; Signorelli, Flavio; Espinosa, Gerard

2014-07-01

98

Recommendations of the Crime, Violence, and Discipline Reporting Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Education Statistical Agenda Committee of the National Forum on Education Statistics established a Task Force in 1995 to study how a state or local education agency might best collect and report data on the incidence of crime, violence, and disciplinary behavior. The Task Force, which consisted of a core group of data providers from…

National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.

99

Handbook for Task Forces on Area Emergency Medical Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Guidelines are presented for use by citizens of Oklahoma who wish to form task forces to deal with emergency medical service (EMS) needs in their communities. Composition and organization of a task force are discussed. Elements of a work program are outli...

1974-01-01

100

Honeywell's Working Parents Task Force. Final Report and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides a summary of the Honeywell Working Parent Task Force's recommendations on how to solve problems experienced by working parents. The Task Force consisted of three committees: the Employment Practices Committee (EPC); the Parent Education Committee (PEC); and the Child Care Facilities Committee (CCFC). After examining a…

Honeywell, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.

101

Illinois Community College Board: Baccalaureate Access Task Force  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the background and history of community college role in baccalaureate access in Illinois from 1901 to the present and describes the role of the Baccalaureate Access Task Force, which commenced its work in December 2004. The Baccalaureate Access Task Force was charged with examining the extent of the baccalaureate access issues…

Illinois Community College Board, 2005

2005-01-01

102

Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa: Winning the War on Terror with Information Engagement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) has developed a course of action (COA) to win the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) in the Horn of Africa. Because of the mission, the resources available to the task force, and the nature of the conflict, ...

M. M. Garcia

2007-01-01

103

Advanced Battlespace Information System (ABIS) Task Force Report. Volume 1: Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The basic purpose of the ABIS Task Force was to better align the science and technology program with the emerging Joint Vision 2010. The Task Force sought to develop elements of a C4I strategic framework that could guide key planning, architecture, and pr...

1996-01-01

104

Joint Task Forces and Preemptive Response.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today U.S. and multinational forces must respond to crises around the world and across the conflict spectrum. Such challenges are often initially defined by the media. Responding forces thus must enter information age battles with non-lethal but critical ...

E. P. Smith

1999-01-01

105

Force-Field Compensation in a Manual Tracking Task  

PubMed Central

This study addresses force/movement control in a dynamic “hybrid” task: the master sub-task is continuous manual tracking of a target moving along an eight-shaped Lissajous figure, with the tracking error as the primary performance index; the slave sub-task is compensation of a disturbing curl viscous field, compatibly with the primary performance index. The two sub-tasks are correlated because the lateral force the subject must exert on the eight-shape must be proportional to the longitudinal movement speed in order to perform a good tracking. The results confirm that visuo-manual tracking is characterized by an intermittent control mechanism, in agreement with previous work; the novel finding is that the overall control patterns are not altered by the presence of a large deviating force field, if compared with the undisturbed condition. It is also found that the control of interaction-forces is achieved by a combination of arm stiffness properties and direct force control, as suggested by the systematic lateral deviation of the trajectories from the nominal path and the comparison between perturbed trials and catch trials. The coordination of the two sub-tasks is quickly learnt after the activation of the deviating force field and is achieved by a combination of force and the stiffness components (about 80% vs. 20%), which is a function of the implicit accuracy of the tracking task.

Squeri, Valentina; Masia, Lorenzo; Casadio, Maura; Morasso, Pietro; Vergaro, Elena

2010-01-01

106

Selected Papers of the Interagency Task Force on Product Liability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume contains selected papers utilized by the Interagency Task Force on Product Liability in its study of product liability. These materials were thought to be of value to legislators, researchers, and other persons interested in the product liabil...

1978-01-01

107

Staffing the Joint Task Force. An Opportunity for Team Building.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper compares and contrasts three concepts for staffing Joint Task Force (JTF) command elements: (1) The creation of standing JTF staffs trained by U,S. Atlantic Command (USACOM) and provisioned with the standard communications and automation packag...

B. E. Johanson

1995-01-01

108

Joint Fires Training Guide for a Corps Joint Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A detailed analysis of responsibilities, inputs, processes, outputs, and interactions was conducted for the staff elements and cells involved in joint fires at the Corps Joint Task Force level. This research product documents that analysis. The purpose of...

J. F. Love

1998-01-01

109

Task Force Tactical Operations Center: An Organization for Success.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph attempts to fill the current doctrinal void concerning practical solutions to recurring Tactical Operation Center (TOC) weaknesses. First, current task force command and control doctrine is reviewed to form a foundation on which to build. N...

T. R. Goedkoop

1988-01-01

110

North Sea Task Force (NSTF). Quality Status Report — Subregion 5  

Microsoft Academic Search

Die North Sea Task Force (NSTF) wurde beauftragt, für das nächste Treffen der Umweltminister einen Quality Status Report zu erstellen. Dazu wurde das gesamte Gebiet der Nordsee in 10 Subregionen unterteilt.

H. Karup

1991-01-01

111

Group Task Force on Satellite Rescue and Repair.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Group Task Force was chartered by the Administrator of NASA to recommend 'a policy outlining the criteria, the design standards, and the pricing model to guide NASA in assessing the responsibilities for government and nongovernment Satellite Rescue an...

1992-01-01

112

Childhood Obesity Task Forces Established by State Legislatures, 2001-2010  

PubMed Central

Introduction States and communities are considering policy and environmental strategies, including enacting legislation, to reduce and prevent childhood obesity. One legislative approach has been to create task forces to understand key issues and develop a course of action. The goal of this study was to describe state-level, childhood obesity task forces in the United States created by legislation from 2001 through 2010. Methods We used the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity database to identify state-level childhood obesity task forces created through legislation from 2001 through 2010. Results We identified 21 states that had enacted legislation creating childhood obesity task forces of which 6 had created more than one task force. Most task forces were charged with both gathering and reviewing information and making recommendations for obesity-prevention actions in the state. Most legislation required that task forces include representation from the state legislature, state agencies, community organizations, and community members. Conclusion Evaluation of the effectiveness of obesity-prevention task forces and the primary components that contribute to their success may help to determine the advantages of the use of such strategies in obesity prevention.

Kim, Sonia A.; Sherry, Bettylou; Blanck, Heidi M.

2013-01-01

113

Position and Force Control of a Parallel Robot Capaman 2 Bis Parallel Robot for Drilling Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A proposal for position and force control in drilling tasks is presented on this work. Force feedback is done in a simple way with a load cell. Force control algorithm is implemented in 3 degrees of freedom (DOF) parallel robot, the CAPAMAN 2 Bis, developed by the Laboratory of Robotics and Mechatronics at the University of Cassino in Italy. A

J. Antonio Briones; Eduardo Castillo; Giuseppe Carbone; Marco Ceccarelli

2009-01-01

114

75 FR 22499 - Establishing an Interagency Task Force on Federal Contracting Opportunities for Small Businesses  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...not later than 120 days after the date of...service-disabled veterans of our Armed Forces, with contracting...Accountability. Within 90 days of the date of this...coordination with the Task Force, shall develop a...disabled veterans of our Armed Forces, in...

2010-04-29

115

32 CFR 700.1053 - Commander of a task force.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...force. (a) A geographic fleet commander, and any other naval commander, may detail in command of a task force, or...or her successor in command or higher authority. (c) The powers delegated to a commander by this article are not...

2013-07-01

116

Fight for Kufa: Task Force 2-37.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As coalition forces entered their second year of the war in Iraq, the Iron Dukes from Task Force 2d Battalion, 37th Armor (TF 2-37), attached to the 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment (ACR), headed toward the holy city of Najaf and its smaller sister city, Kufa,...

T. E. Walsh

2004-01-01

117

Recommendations of the wwPDB NMR Validation Task Force.  

PubMed

As methods for analysis of biomolecular structure and dynamics using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) continue to advance, the resulting 3D structures, chemical shifts, and other NMR data are broadly impacting biology, chemistry, and medicine. Structure model assessment is a critical area of NMR methods development, and is an essential component of the process of making these structures accessible and useful to the wider scientific community. For these reasons, the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB) has convened an NMR Validation Task Force (NMR-VTF) to work with wwPDB partners in developing metrics and policies for biomolecular NMR data harvesting, structure representation, and structure quality assessment. This paper summarizes the recommendations of the NMR-VTF, and lays the groundwork for future work in developing standards and metrics for biomolecular NMR structure quality assessment. PMID:24010715

Montelione, Gaetano T; Nilges, Michael; Bax, Ad; Güntert, Peter; Herrmann, Torsten; Richardson, Jane S; Schwieters, Charles D; Vranken, Wim F; Vuister, Geerten W; Wishart, David S; Berman, Helen M; Kleywegt, Gerard J; Markley, John L

2013-09-01

118

International Reference Ionosphere (IRI): Task Force Activity 2000  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The annual IRI Task Force Activity was held at the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy from July 10 to July 14. The participants included J. Adeniyi (University of Ilorin, Nigeria), D. Bilitza (NSSDC/RITSS, USA), D. Buresova (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Czech Republic), B. Forte (ICTP, Italy), R. Leitinger (University of Graz, Austria), B. Nava (ICTP, Italy), M. Mosert (University National Tucuman, Argentina), S. Pulinets (IZMIRAN, Russia), S. Radicella (ICTP, Italy), and B. Reinisch (University of Mass. Lowell, USA). The main topic of this Task Force Activity was the modeling of the topside ionosphere and the development of strategies for modeling of ionospheric variability. Each day during the workshop week the team debated a specific modeling problem in the morning during informal presentations and round table discussions of all participants. Ways of resolving the specific modeling problem were devised and tested in the afternoon in front of the computers of the ICTP Aeronomy and Radiopropagation Laboratory using ICTP s computer networks and internet access.

Bilitza, D.

2000-01-01

119

78 FR 57161 - Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force AGENCY: Centers...the next meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force...to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide). DATES: The...

2013-09-17

120

Report to the Commission on Hospitals and Health Care from the Task Force on Hemodialysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data and recommendations relevant to hemodialysis programs in Connecticut are presented in the report of a task force originally charged with studying available programs and developing a coordinated statewide plan for the number, distribution, and type of...

M. W. Izard

1975-01-01

121

Defense Nuclear Agency Management Task Force. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force was chartered to review present management authority and responsibilities, organizational structure, and staffing of the Defense Nuclear Agency. The Task Force makes several recommendations aimed at strengthening current DNA effectiveness. These include clarifying responsibilities of key individuals, sharpening reporting channels and oversight responsibilities, and modifying relevant DNA directives to reflect these changes. On the issue of whether the DNA Director should be military or civilian, however, the panel was divided. Cases for both are presented in the report. It is important to observe that DNA is, and has been, operating effectively across a wide range of national nuclear weapons, operational, and research missions.

Not Available

1986-06-01

122

Current methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF\\/Task Force) represents one of several efforts to take a more evidence-based approach to the development of clinical practice guidelines. As methods have matured for assembling and reviewing evidence and for translating evidence into guidelines, so too have the methods of the USPSTF. This paper summarizes the current methods of the third USPSTF,

Russell P. Harris; Mark Helfand; Steven H. Woolf; Kathleen N. Lohr; Cynthia D. Mulrow; Steven M. Teutsch; David Atkins

2001-01-01

123

Advanced rotorcraft technology: Task force report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technological needs and opportunities related to future civil and military rotorcraft were determined and a program plan for NASA research which was responsive to the needs and opportunities was prepared. In general, the program plan places the primary emphasis on design methodology where the development and verification of analytical methods is built upon a sound data base. The four advanced rotorcraft technology elements identified are aerodynamics and structures, flight control and avionic systems, propulsion, and vehicle configurations. Estimates of the total funding levels that would be required to support the proposed program plan are included.

1978-01-01

124

Meeting the Management Imperative for Executive Development, A Report of the Task Force on Executive Development in the Senior Executive Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews the many past efforts and proposals aimed at increasing the managerial effectiveness of the Federal Government through improving the quality of systems for selecting and developing executives. The study examines its findings, including ...

1978-01-01

125

Maximal voluntary fingertip force production is not limited by movement speed in combined motion and force tasks  

PubMed Central

Numerous studies of limbs and fingers propose that force-velocity properties of muscle limit maximal voluntary force production during anisometric tasks, i.e. when muscles are shortening or lengthening. Although this proposition appears logical, our study on the simultaneous production of fingertip motion and force disagrees with this commonly held notion. We asked eight consenting adults to use their dominant index fingertip to maximize voluntary downward force against a horizontal surface at specific postures (static trials), and also during an anisometric “scratching” task of rhythmically moving the fingertip along a 5.8±0.5 cm target line. The metronome-timed flexion-extension movement speed varied 36-fold from “slow” (1.0±0.5 cm/s) to “fast” (35.9±7.8 cm/s). As expected, maximal downward voluntary force diminished (44.8±15.6%; p=0.001) when any motion (slow or fast) was added to the task. Surprisingly, however, a 36-fold increase in speed did not affect this reduction in force magnitude. These remarkable results for such an ordinary task challenge the dominant role often attributed to force-velocity properties of muscle and provide insight into neuromechanical interactions. We propose an explanation that the simultaneous enforcement of mechanical constraints for motion and force reduces the set of feasible motor commands sufficiently so that force-velocity properties cease to be the force-limiting factor. While additional work is necessary to reveal the governing mechanisms, the dramatic influence that the simultaneous enforcement of motion and force constraints has on force output begins to explain the vulnerability of dexterous function to development, aging and even mild neuromuscular pathology.

Keenan, Kevin G.; Santos, Veronica J.; Venkadesan, Madhusudhan; Valero-Cuevas, Francisco J.

2009-01-01

126

Factors which Explain Amount of Participation in Rural Adolescent Alcohol Use Prevention Task Forces.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys of adolescent alcohol abuse prevention task force members found that members who were more satisfied with the task force and lived in the community less time spent more time on task force work. Satisfaction was greater for those who perceived more personal and community influence on the task force. (SM)

Rissel, Christopher; And Others

1995-01-01

127

Report of AVA Task Force on Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Vocational Education (AVA) Task Force on Career Education met to formulate a recommended position for AVA on career education. Papers were presented, and six study groups made recommendations regarding the position that AVA should take on concepts and issues. Study group recommendations covered leadership, financing, the role of…

128

Report of the Governor's Task Force on School Construction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 1992, Maryland Governor William Donald Schaefer established a 21-member task force to conduct an in-depth study and review 8 specific areas of the state's public school construction program. This report summarizes the committee's activities, findings, and recommendations. The first recommendation, to review project requests from the 24…

Maryland State Interagency Committee on School Construction, Baltimore.

129

Report from the Attorney General's Task Force on Domestic Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report lists a series of recommendations for dealing with the widespread but largely undocumented problem of domestic violence. The efforts of the Task Force were concentrated in the area of mate abuse. Working committees examined prevention methods, legal safeguards and social services. Two subcommittees examined the special problems of…

1977

130

SD Governor's Task Force on Children's Justice Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on a review of South Dakota's procedures and laws related to handling child abuse and neglect cases. It is noted that a survey was conducted in Sioux Falls during the July 1989 training seminar conducted by the task force. The respondents to the survey are described as a wide representation of professionals associated with the…

South Dakota Governor's Office, Pierre.

131

The Governor's Task Force on Children, Youth, and Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes problems West Virginia State has experienced in serving children, especially those in poverty-stricken areas, and recommends ways to overcome these problems. In confronting these issues, the task force made recommendations in four topic areas: Reorganization and System Change, Education and Child Care, Teen Pregnancy, and…

West Virginia Governor's Task Force on Children, Youth and Families, Charleston.

132

The Business Roundtable Construction Industry Cost Effectiveness Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Business Roundtable, an organization founded in 1972 and formed of chief executive officers representing several leading international corporations, has had a major impact on the construction industry in the United States. Member companies are some of the major users of construction services. These business and industry leaders formed task forces to investigate, report, and recommend means by which escalating

Jack Roberts

1987-01-01

133

Keys to Joint Task Force Decision Making During Current Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) recently completed a cognitive study of the decision making process during current operations at the brigade and battalion Task force levels. The ARL study first presents a commander-staff group process model as a f...

D. K. Leedom J. Glasgow J. Murphy L. Adelman

1999-01-01

134

Indian task force for celiac disease: current status  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are limited data on celiac disease (CD) from India. The limited knowledge about CD in India might be attributed to several factors. The first meeting of the Indian Task Force for Celiac Disease was held in the Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India in December 2008. The objectives of the meeting were to focus research on prevalence of CD

Rajesh Gupta; Duvvuru Nageshwar Reddy; Govind K Makharia; A. M. Sood; Balakrishnan S Ramakrishna; Surender Kumar Yachha; Babu Ram Thapa; Rupa Banerjee; Sekaran Anuradha; Usha Dutta; Amarender Singh Puri; Ajay Kumar Jain; Chris JJ Mulder; Ajay Kumar; Sesikeran Boindala

2009-01-01

135

Report of METRO Task Force to Study NYSILL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines interlibrary loan traffic in the New York City area and how it interfaces with the New York State Interlibrary Loan System (NYSILL), and recommends possible alternative methods by which the regional libraries might share resources. It is the final product of a special task force of the New York Metropolitan Reference and…

New York Metropolitan Reference and Research Library Agency, NY.

136

Cooperative Education Task Force. Final Report. ACS Service Report 35.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991, the Task Force on Cooperative Education undertook a study regarding improvement of the cooperative education (CE) system in the United States. The first stage of the project entailed a mail survey of approximately 1,300 selected cooperative and professional educators, cooperative employees, and university state councils to determine…

Agricultural Cooperative Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

137

Joint ERDA-NRC Task Force on Safeguards. (Unclassified Version).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A joint ERDA/NRC task force was formed on March 17, 1976, to propose a plan of action for improving safeguards at certain nuclear fuel cycle facilities. This was a joint undertaking because it focused upon NRC licensees who are also ERDA contractors. The ...

1976-01-01

138

CGS Task Force on Minorities in Graduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten recommendations for increasing minority participation in graduate education are offered by the Council of Graduate Schools (CGS) Task Force on Minorities in Graduate Education. The recommendations are submitted for approval and implementation by the Board of CGS. The recommendations include the following: CGS should begin a Minority Dean in…

Turner, John B.; And Others

139

Recommendations of the American Chemical Society Chemistry Education Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents selected recommendations from the American Chemical Society Chemistry Education Task Force's list of 39 principal and 52 supplementary recommendations. Those listed focus on all levels of education, elementary school science, high school chemistry and science, two-year college chemistry, college/university chemistry and science, chemistry…

Yankwich, Peter E.; And Others

1984-01-01

140

Task Force Gator: Best Practices in Civil-Military Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One commonly used method of information sharing is through the retrospective dissemination of 'best practices.' The deployment of Task Force (TF) 2-6, the 'Gators,' to Salman Pak, Iraq, in the spring of 2008 provides a germane example for this. Throughout...

S. Griffin

2011-01-01

141

Report of the Task Force on Technical Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task force report evaluates the impact of AACR2 (American Anglo Catalog Rules 2) and the closing of the Library of Congress card catalog on cataloging and other technical processing routines both in Alderman Library and its branches. It provides specific recommendations for the form of the catalog, changes in operating routine, the…

Bauer, Alice G.; And Others

142

Report of the Task Force on Teacher Evaluation. Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, reporting on the findings of the Montgomery County (Maryland) Public School System Task Force on Teacher Evaluation, presents an overall view of teacher evaluation (rationale, purposes, and objectives), criteria for judging teacher effectiveness, methods for assuring quality control, and implementation procedures. Teacher…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

143

Library Legislation. Final Report of the State Superintendent's Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared by the Task Force on Library Legislation appointed by Wisconsin's State Superintendent of Public Instruction, this final report presents policy statements and action recommendations addressing issues related to the organizational and funding problems of public libraries, public library systems, and multitype library cooperation. The…

Zweizig, Douglas; And Others

144

American Society of Cytopathology workload recommendations for automated Pap test screening: developed by the productivity and quality assurance in the era of automated screening task force.  

PubMed

Based on current literature and the best available research to date, the current FDA workload limits for automated image-assisted screening, including the ThinPrep Imaging System and the FocalPoint GS, of 100 slides/day (imaged only slides counted as 0.5) are extremely high and may be associated with significant reduction in sensitivity. This task force has proposed six recommendations relating to cytotechnologist (CT) workload in automated image-guided Pap test screening, which have already been endorsed by major pathology professional societies. These evidence-based recommendations, however, pertain only to gynecologic specimens with image-assisted screening, as there is no current available data to justify modifying screening practices regarding non-gynecologic specimens. The proposed recommendations are as follow: 1) CT workday should not include more than 7 hours of Pap test screening in a 24-hr period, and an 8-hr shift day must include at least 2 paid mini-breaks of 15 minutes each and a 30-minute lunch break. 2) Future Studies examining CT workload should use actual hours of screening rather than lesser number of hours extrapolated to 8-hour days. 3) Average laboratory CT workload should NOT exceed 70 slides/day (slides counted per 2010 FDA bulletin). 4) Proportion of imaged slides that undergo full manual review should be at least either 15%, or twice (2×) the epithelial cell abnormality (ECA) rate, whichever is greater. 5) ECA-adjusted workload measure is a promising method for calculating and monitoring CT workload, but further studies of this method are necessary before full endorsement. 6) CT productivity and workload limits are just one aspect of a good quality assurance program in a cytology laboratory, so other quality indicators to assess CT performance are essential. PMID:22351120

Elsheikh, Tarik M; Austin, R Marshall; Chhieng, David F; Miller, Fern S; Moriarty, Ann T; Renshaw, Andrew A

2013-02-01

145

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Discriminate Use of Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the terms of reference, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics directed the task force 'to conduct a comprehensive study of the ends and means of precision compellence, or the nuanced use of force, in concert with coa...

2003-01-01

146

U.S. Navy Task Force Climate Change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In May 2009, the Chief of Naval Operations established Task Force Climate Change (TFCC) to develop Navy policy, plans, and recommendations regarding future investments to adapt to the world's changing climate. With a near-term focus on the changing Arctic ocean and consequent increase in access to the region, TFCC has adopted a science-based approach in collaboration with other U.S. government agencies, international partners, industry, and academia. TFCC has developed two roadmaps that provide 5-year action plans for the Navy to address the Arctic and global climate change. Critical elements of both roadmaps are assessments of: (1) current and projected climate change, (2) resulting impacts to Naval missions and infrastructure, and (3) associated risks of not taking adaptation actions that are operationally, environmentally, and ecologically sustainable. Through TFCC, the Navy acknowledges the link between climate change and national security, and engages in extensive outreach and strategic communication to remain informed on the best climate science and promote public understanding and support regarding the Navy's climate change efforts.

Miller, T.; McBride, B.; St. John, C.

2011-12-01

147

Government Applications Task Force ground truth study of WAG 4  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Government Applications Task Force (GATF) Buried Waste Project. The project was initiated as a field investigation and verification of the 1994 Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program`s (SERDP) Buried Waste Identification Project results. The GATF project team included staff from three US Department of Energy (DOE) Laboratories [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), and the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC)] and from the National Exploitation Laboratory. Similar studies were conducted at each of the three DOE laboratories to demonstrate the effective use of remote sensing technologies. The three locations were selected to assess differences in buried waste signatures under various environmental conditions (i.e., climate, terrain, precipitation, geology, etc.). After a brief background discussion of the SERDP Project, this report documents the field investigation (ground truth) results from the 1994--1995 GATF Buried Waste Study at ORNL`s Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 4. Figures for this report are located in Appendix A.

Evers, T.K.; Smyre, J.L.; King, A.L.

1997-06-01

148

Improving child survival: Malnutrition Task Force and the paediatrician's responsibility  

PubMed Central

Malnutrition (underweight) contributes to approximately 60% of all child deaths, yet health professionals, policy makers, and donor agencies often fail to recognise its relevance to child survival. There is a need for the paediatric community to champion the importance of adequate nutrition for normal growth and development, and of placing sufficient emphasis on the prevention and treatment of malnutrition. Many severely malnourished children die from inappropriate treatment. Case fatality rates of 25–30% are commonly found and in some hospitals as many as 50–70% will die. Many of these deaths are avoidable. Weaknesses in health systems, inappropriate training of doctors and nurses, inadequate supervision, and lack of support for staff all contribute to compromised quality of care. The International Union of Nutritional Sciences, with support from the International Pediatric Association, Launched a global Malnutrition Task Force in 2005. The main objective is to ensure that an integrated system of prevention and treatment of malnutrition is actively supported as a fundamental aspect of care, and becomes an integral part of all training programmes.

Jackson, A A; Ashworth, A; Khanum, S

2006-01-01

149

Air Force Mentoring: Developing Leaders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Air Force mentoring program should focus on developing subordinate leadership skills. Current Air Force mentoring instructions substitute career building for leadership development. This substitution distracts leaders from maximizing the leadership po...

M. S. Nelson

2003-01-01

150

Public Policy and Primary Health Care: Issues and Recommendations Report of the Health Advisory Council Primary Care Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Primary health care was the focus of a 1980 task force which examined the provision of accessible, affordable, and high-quality care to all New York residents. The task force studied methods for planning, developing, financing, and regulating primary care...

1981-01-01

151

Sandia-Power Surety Task Force Hawaii foam analysis.  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Secretary of Defense (OSD) Power Surety Task Force was officially created in early 2008, after nearly two years of work in demand reduction and renewable energy technologies to support the Warfighter in Theater. The OSD Power Surety Task Force is tasked with identifying efficient energy solutions that support mission requirements. Spray foam insulation demonstrations were recently expanded beyond field structures to include military housing at Ft. Belvoir. Initial results to using the foam in both applications are favorable. This project will address the remaining key questions: (1) Can this technology help to reduce utility costs for the Installation Commander? (2) Is the foam cost effective? (3) What application differences in housing affect those key metrics? The critical need for energy solutions in Hawaii and the existing relationships among Sandia, the Department of Defense (DOD), the Department of Energy (DOE), and Forest City, make this location a logical choice for a foam demonstration. This project includes application and analysis of foam to a residential duplex at the Waikulu military community on Oahu, Hawaii, as well as reference to spray foam applied to a PACOM facility and additional foamed units on Maui, conducted during this project phase. This report concludes the analysis and describes the utilization of foam insulation at military housing in Hawaii and the subsequent data gathering and analysis.

McIntyre, Annie

2010-11-01

152

75 FR 76744 - National Disaster Housing Task Force Concept of Operations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket ID FEMA-2008-0009] National Disaster Housing Task Force Concept of Operations...is accepting comments on the National Disaster Housing Task Force (NDHTF) Concept...describes the Federal coordination of disaster housing assistance in preparation...

2010-12-09

153

Hurricane Katrina Fraud Task Force: A Progress Report to the Attorney General, February 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On September 8, 2005, in the immediate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, United States Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales established the Hurricane Katrina Fraud Task Force. The Task Force is charged with deterring, detecting, and prosecuting unscrupulous...

2006-01-01

154

75 FR 34439 - Defense Science Board Task Force on Improvements to Services Contracting; Notice of Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Defense Science Board Task Force on Improvements...SUMMARY: The Defense Science Board Task Force on Improvements...USAF Military Assistant, Defense Science Board, 3140 Defense...

2010-06-17

155

75 FR 34439 - Defense Science Board Task Force on Nuclear Treaty Monitoring and Verification  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Defense Science Board Task Force on Nuclear Treaty...SUMMARY: The Defense Science Board Task Force on Nuclear Treaty...USAF Military Assistant, Defense Science Board, 3140 Defense...

2010-06-17

156

75 FR 43943 - Defense Science Board; Task Force on Nuclear Treaty Monitoring and Verification  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Defense Science Board; Task Force on Nuclear Treaty...SUMMARY: The Defense Science Board Task Force on Nuclear Treaty...USAF Military Assistant, Defense Science Board, 3140 Defense...

2010-07-27

157

How to Start a County-Wide Task Force on Family Violence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Steps and issues involved in starting a countywide task force on family violence are discussed. A countywide task force on family violence consists of a group of persons representing interested agencies within a county working together to increase service...

Y. Bako

1980-01-01

158

Report of the Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force defined the roles, objectives, and goals of material control and material accounting within the domestic Safeguards Program for licensed strategic special nuclear material (SSNM). The Task Force then...

F. L. Crane W. D. Altman W. B. Brown R. J. Dube J. W. Hockert

1978-01-01

159

Report of the Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force. Volume 1. Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force defined the roles, objectives, and goals of material control and material accounting within the domestic Safeguards Program for licensed strategic special nuclear material (SSNM). The Task Force then...

F. L. Crane W. D. Altman W. B. Brown R. J. Dube J. W. Hockert

1978-01-01

160

TMI-2 (Three Mile Island Unit 2) reactor building dose reduction task force  

SciTech Connect

In late October 1982, the director of Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) created the dose reduction task force with the objective of identifying the principal radiological sources in the reactor building and recommending actions to minimize the dose to workers on labor-intensive projects. Members of the task force were drawn form various groups at TMI. Findings and recommendations were presented to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission in a briefing on November 18, 1982. The task force developed a three-step approach toward dose reduction. Step 1 identified the radiological sources. Step 2 modeled the source and estimated its contribution to the general area dose rates. Step 3 recommended actions to achieve dose reductions consistent with general exposure rate goals.

Daniels, R.S.

1988-01-01

161

Fertility-sparing approaches in gynecologic cancers: a review of ESGO task force activities.  

PubMed

Preservation of fertility has become a very important issue in gynecologic oncology of the young. Owing to the clinical importance of appropriate management of young patients with gynecologic cancer, the European Society of Gynecological Oncology (ESGO) decided in 2007 to launch the Task Force for Fertility Preservation in Gynecologic Cancer. This task force is supposed to promote knowledge of infertility induced by treatment of gynecologic cancers among health care workers and the public through national and international collaboration among oncologists, reproductive specialists, and allied health workers to promote research and education and to develop new strategies for fertility preservation. This article summarizes all the past and current activities of this task force. PMID:22915186

Denschlag, Dominik; Reed, Nicholas S; Rodolakis, Alex

2012-12-01

162

DESIGNING PHARMACEUTICAL TRIALS FOR SARCOPENIA IN FRAIL OLDER ADULTS: EU/US TASK FORCE RECOMMENDATIONS  

PubMed Central

An international task force of academic and industry leaders in sarcopenia research met on December 5, 2012 in Orlando, Florida to develop guidelines for designing and executing randomized clinical trials of sarcopenia treatments. The Task Force reviewed results from previous trials in related disease areas to extract lessons relevant to future sarcopenia trials, including practical issues regarding the design and conduct of trials in elderly populations, the definition of appropriate target populations, and the selection of screening tools, outcome measures, and biomarkers. They discussed regulatory issues, the challenges posed by trials of different types of interventions, and the need for standardization and harmonization. The Task Force concluded with recommendations for advancing the field toward better clinical trials.

VELLAS, B.; PAHOR, M.; MANINI, T.; ROOKS, D.; GURALNIK, J.M.; MORLEY, J.; STUDENSKI, S.; EVANS, W.; ASBRAND, C.; FARIELLO, R.; PEREIRA, S.; ROLLAND, Y.; VAN KAN, G. ABELLAN; CESARI, M.; CHUMLEA, WM.C.; FIELDING, R.

2014-01-01

163

National Task Force on Teacher Education in Physics: Report Synopsis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Except for a handful of isolated pockets of excellence, the national system of preparing physics teachers is largely inefficient, mostly incoherent, and massively unprepared to deal with the current and future needs of the nationâs students. Physics departments, schools of education, university administrators, school systems, state agencies, the federal government, as well as business and foundations, have indispensable collaborative roles to play so that every high school student has the opportunity to learn physics with a qualified teacher. This document provides a synopsis of the findings and recommendations of the National Task Force on Teacher Education in Physics.

Physics, National T.

2010-02-17

164

Youth Violence and School Safety Task Force Has Lasting Impact. Research Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

North Carolina's 1999 Governor's Task Force on Youth Violence and School Safety produced a report that generated 10 action items and 6 main recommendations. This research bulletin presents a follow-up to the task force's efforts. It begins by providing background information about the task force and putting its work into context. It then discusses…

North Carolina State Dept. of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Raleigh.

165

Crafting a Balanced System of Assessment in Wisconsin. Recommendations of the Next Generation Assessment Task Force  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Next Generation Assessment Task Force was convened to formulate Wisconsin's path forward. Task force members listened to leaders from business and technology sectors as well as leaders from PK-12 and higher education. This summary shares the process, definitions, assumptions, and recommendations of the task force. This paper aims to use these…

Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, 2009

2009-01-01

166

3 CFR - White House Task Force on Middle-Class Working Families  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false White House Task Force on Middle-Class Working...Memorandum of January 30, 2009 White House Task Force on Middle-Class Working...the following: Section 1. White House Task Force on Middle-Class...

2010-01-01

167

77 FR 6786 - U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public...given of a public meeting of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force. The meeting will be held...bi-annual meeting of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force, provides a forum...

2012-02-09

168

76 FR 52318 - U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public...given of a public meeting of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force. The meeting will be held...26th bi-annual meeting of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force, provides a forum...

2011-08-22

169

76 FR 7579 - U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FWS-R9-EA-2011-N004; 6012PBD01 68] U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public...public business meeting of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force (USCRTF) on February...fws.gov); or Liza Johnson, U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Department of the...

2011-02-10

170

75 FR 47624 - U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public...announce a public meeting of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force (USCRTF) and a request...fws.gov); or Liza Johnson, U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Department of the...

2010-08-06

171

Final Recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force July 19, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to better meet our Nation's stewardship responsibilities for the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes, President Obama established the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force (Task Force) on June 12, 2009. The Task Force is composed of 24 senior-le...

2010-01-01

172

New Era for Libraries. A Report from the Iowa Blue Ribbon Task Force on Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Director of the Department of Cultural Affairs appointed a task force, to be chaired by the State Librarian of Iowa, to evaluate technologies available for libraries and potential uses for the technologies deemed valuable; discuss problems from the viewpoint of the library user in the establishment of cooperative programs; and develop a…

Iowa State Dept. of Cultural Affairs, Des Moines. State Library.

173

Evaluation of Assessment Methodology to Support Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We conducted a review of their current assessment methodology with the goals of making recommended improvements and develop a means to aggregate their assessment methodology in support of the J5, Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Arica, US Africa Comman...

E. Jones E. Kim G. Elgort J. V. Farr T. Mosera

2012-01-01

174

Joint ERDA-NRC Task Force on Safeguards. Final Report, July 12, 1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A joint ERDA-NRC task force was created to develop a proposed action plan for improving the control and protection of nuclear materials at NRC licensed fuel cycle facilities possessing significant amounts of highly enriched uranium and plutonium. This rep...

1976-01-01

175

Report of the Task Force on the Planning and Coordination of Mental Health Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The establishment of a task force was authorized by the United Way to investigate the extent of coordinated mental health service planning and delivery in Summit County, Ohio. Historical developments in the field of mental health at the Federal, State, an...

E. W. Haley

1977-01-01

176

Globalisation, regions and cluster policies: the case of the Rover Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

In March 2000, BMW announced plans to restructure and sell substantial parts of the Rover Group and threatened to close Rover completely. In response the government brought together local actors through the West Midlands Regional Development Agency (RDA) and Government Office of the West Midlands (GOWM) by setting up the Rover Task Force (RTF). After a local consortium purchased Rover,

David Bailey

2003-01-01

177

One Department Serving Rural America: HHS Rural Task Force Report to the Secretary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) created a rural task force to develop strategies to improve HHS services in rural communities. Fifteen HHS agencies have programs serving rural communities; child- and education-related programs provide child welfare services, Head Start, health promotion and prevention services, training…

Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.

178

Update on the NIAAA Task Force on College Drinking Recommendations. Prevention Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002 the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) issued a groundbreaking report, "A Call to Action: Changing the Culture of Drinking at U.S. Colleges." This report was developed by the NIAAA-supported Task Force on College Drinking after three years of intensive discussions. It described new understanding of dangerous…

Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2010

2010-01-01

179

Conference-EC-US Task Force Joint US-EU Workshop on Metabolomics and Environmental Biotechnology  

SciTech Connect

Since 1990, the EC-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research has been coordinating transatlantic efforts to guide and exploit the ongoing revolution in biotechnology and the life sciences. The Task Force was established in June 1990 by the European Commission and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. The Task Force has acted as an effective forum for discussion, coordination, and development of new ideas for the last 18 years. Task Force members are European Commission and US Government science and technology administrators who meet annually to enhance communication across the Atlantic, and to encourage collaborative research. Through sponsoring workshops, and other activities, the Task Force also brings together scientific leaders and early career researchers from both sides of the Atlantic to forecast research challenges and opportunities and to promote better links between researchers. Over the years, by keeping a focus on the future of science, the Task Force has played a key role in establishing a diverse range of emerging scientific fields, including biodiversity research, neuroinformatics, genomics, nanobiotechnology, neonatal immunology, transkingdom molecular biology, biologically-based fuels, and environmental biotechnology. The EC-US Task Force has sponsored a number of Working Groups on topics of mutual transatlantic interest. The idea to create a Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology research was discussed in the Task Force meeting of October 1993. The EC-US Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology set as its mission 'To train the next generation of leaders in environmental biotechnology in the United States and the European Union to work collaboratively across the Atlantic.' Since 1995, the Working Group supported three kinds of activities, all of which focus one early career scientists: (1) Workshops on the use of molecular methods and genomics in environmental biotechnology; (2) Short courses with theoretical, laboratory and field elements; and (3) Short term exchange fellowships. The short term exchange fellowships were created to enable young scientists to develop collaborations with colleagues across the Atlantic and to learn a new skill or expertise in the area of environmental biotechnology.

PI: Lily Y. Young; Co-PI: Gerben J. Zylstra

2009-06-04

180

77 FR 68744 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering...

2012-11-16

181

77 FR 31337 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering...

2012-05-25

182

78 FR 66902 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering...

2013-11-07

183

78 FR 59918 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering...

2013-09-30

184

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Report of the Task Force on Research in Pediatric Cardiovascular Disease.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Task Force report encompasses three broad areas: basic research on cardiovascular development and the causes of cardiovascular disease, research to improve clinical outcomes, and population strategies to reduce cardiovascular disease in adults by alt...

2002-01-01

185

CONN-CEPT VII: A Connecticut Primer on Program Development for the Gifted and Talented. Task Force Report on Curriculum (1978 Revised Edition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide to curriculum development for gifted and talented students is intended for use in Connecticut local school districts and contains 14 author contributed articles. An introduction discusses program development in terms of goals, means, and evaluation. Articles have the following titles and authors (when given): "Curriculum for the Gifted"…

White, Alan J.; And Others

186

Two measures of performance in a peg-in-hole manipulation task with force feedback  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results are described from two manipulators on a peg-in-hole task, which is part of a continued effort to develop models for human performance with remote manipulators. Task difficulty is varied by changing the diameter of the peg to be inserted in a 50 mm diameter hole. An automatic measuring system records the distance between the tool being held by the manipulator and the receptacle into which it is to be inserted. The data from repeated insertions are processed by computer to determine task times, accumulated distances, and trajectories. Experiments with both the MA-11 cable-connected master-slave manipulator common to hot cell work and the MA-23 servo-controlled manipulator (with and without force feedback) are described. Comparison of these results with previous results of the Ames Manipulator shows that force feedback provides a consistent advantage.

Hill, J. W.

1977-01-01

187

Outcome of the First Electron Microscopy Validation Task Force Meeting  

PubMed Central

This Meeting Review describes the proceedings and conclusions from the inaugural meeting of the Electron Microscopy Validation Task Force organized by the Unified Data Resource for 3DEM (http://www.emdatabank.org) and held at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, NJ on September 28 and 29, 2010. At the workshop, a group of scientists involved in collecting electron microscopy data, using the data to determine three-dimensional electron microscopy (3DEM) density maps, and building molecular models into the maps explored how to assess maps, models, and other data that are deposited into the Electron Microscopy Data Bank and Protein Data Bank public data archives. The specific recommendations resulting from the workshop aim to increase the impact of 3DEM in biology and medicine.

Henderson, Richard; Sali, Andrej; Baker, Matthew L.; Carragher, Bridget; Devkota, Batsal; Downing, Kenneth H.; Egelman, Edward H.; Feng, Zukang; Frank, Joachim; Grigorieff, Nikolaus; Jiang, Wen; Ludtke, Steven J.; Medalia, Ohad; Penczek, Pawel A.; Rosenthal, Peter B.; Rossmann, Michael G.; Schmid, Michael F.; Schroder, Gunnar F.; Steven, Alasdair C.; Stokes, David L.; Westbrook, John D.; Wriggers, Willy; Yang, Huanwang; Young, Jasmine; Berman, Helen M.; Chiu, Wah; Kleywegt, Gerard J.; Lawson, Catherine L.

2012-01-01

188

NCCN Task Force Report: Bone Health in Cancer Care  

PubMed Central

Bone health and maintenance of bone integrity are important components of comprehensive cancer care in both early and late stages of disease. Risk factors for osteoporosis are increased in patients with cancer, including women with chemotherapy-induced ovarian failure, those treated with aromatase inhibitors for breast cancer, men receiving androgen-deprivation therapy for prostate cancer, and patients undergoing glucocorticoid therapy. The skeleton is a common site of metastatic cancer recurrence, and skeletal-related events are the cause of significant morbidity. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) convened a multidisciplinary task force on Bone Health in Cancer Care to discuss the progress made in identifying effective screening and therapeutic options for management of treatment-related bone loss; understanding the factors that result in bone metastases; managing skeletal metastases; and evolving strategies to reduce bone recurrences. This report summarizes presentations made at the meeting.

Gralow, Julie R.; Biermann, J. Sybil; Farooki, Azeez; Fornier, Monica N.; Gagel, Robert F.; Kumar, Rashmi N.; Shapiro, Charles L.; Shields, Andrew; Smith, Matthew R.; Srinivas, Sandy; Van Poznak, Catherine H.

2011-01-01

189

EMG feedback tasks reduce reflexive stiffness during force and position perturbations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Force and position perturbations are widely applied to identify muscular and reflexive contributions to posture maintenance\\u000a of the arm. Both task instruction (force vs. position) and the inherently linked perturbation type (i.e., force perturbations-position\\u000a task and position perturbations-force tasks) affect these contributions and their mutual balance. The goal of this study is\\u000a to explore the modulation of muscular and reflexive

Patrick A. Forbes; Riender Happee; Frans C. T. van der Helm; Alfred C. Schouten

2011-01-01

190

Contribution of the cerebellum to the coupling of grip force and pull force during an isometric precision grip task.  

PubMed

This study addresses the influence of the cerebellum on the performance of an isometric precision grip task. For the task, in which the process of "picking a raspberry" is simulated, grip force and pull force had to be increased linearly for a duration of 1-5 s (pull phase) to accomplish the task skillfully. The performance of 11 patients suffering from degenerative cerebellar disease was analyzed and compared with the performance of 11 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects. Patients with cerebellar disease showed systematic deviations of the pull force slope from a linear trend, dividing the pull phase into two intervals. After an initial sharp and brief increase of pull force (first interval), patients maintained the achieved pull force level almost constant without further increase (second interval). Although controls showed changes in the pull force slope also, they increased pull force during the whole pull phase. Coupling of grip force and pull force was analyzed using stochastic frontier analysis. This technique allows covariation of grip force and the resulting pull force to be analyzed depending on the variation of the grip force. In the patients, grip force and pull force were coupled efficiently only in the first interval. During the second interval, grip force was often exaggerated compared with pull force. In conclusion, patients with cerebellar diseases have difficulties in producing smooth isometric movements and in coupling grip force and pull force efficiently. PMID:21717230

Meindl, Tobias; Schmid, Barbara C; Timmann, Dagmar; Kolb, Florian P; Kutz, Dieter F

2012-03-01

191

Current methods of the US Preventive Services Task Force: a review of the process.  

PubMed

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF/Task Force) represents one of several efforts to take a more evidence-based approach to the development of clinical practice guidelines. As methods have matured for assembling and reviewing evidence and for translating evidence into guidelines, so too have the methods of the USPSTF. This paper summarizes the current methods of the third USPSTF, supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and two of the AHRQ Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPCs). The Task Force limits the topics it reviews to those conditions that cause a large burden of suffering to society and that also have available a potentially effective preventive service. It focuses its reviews on the questions and evidence most critical to making a recommendation. It uses analytic frameworks to specify the linkages and key questions connecting the preventive service with health outcomes. These linkages, together with explicit inclusion criteria, guide the literature searches for admissible evidence. Once assembled, admissible evidence is reviewed at three strata: (1) the individual study, (2) the body of evidence concerning a single linkage in the analytic framework, and (3) the body of evidence concerning the entire preventive service. For each stratum, the Task Force uses explicit criteria as general guidelines to assign one of three grades of evidence: good, fair, or poor. Good or fair quality evidence for the entire preventive service must include studies of sufficient design and quality to provide an unbroken chain of evidence-supported linkages, generalizable to the general primary care population, that connect the preventive service with health outcomes. Poor evidence contains a formidable break in the evidence chain such that the connection between the preventive service and health outcomes is uncertain. For services supported by overall good or fair evidence, the Task Force uses outcomes tables to help categorize the magnitude of benefits, harms, and net benefit from implementation of the preventive service into one of four categories: substantial, moderate, small, or zero/negative. The Task Force uses its assessment of the evidence and magnitude of net benefit to make a recommendation, coded as a letter: from A (strongly recommended) to D (recommend against). It gives an I recommendation in situations in which the evidence is insufficient to determine net benefit. The third Task Force and the EPCs will continue to examine a variety of methodologic issues and document work group progress in future communications. PMID:11306229

Harris, R P; Helfand, M; Woolf, S H; Lohr, K N; Mulrow, C D; Teutsch, S M; Atkins, D

2001-04-01

192

Report of the National Institute on Aging Task Force on Comorbidity  

PubMed Central

The National Institute on Aging (NIA) Geriatrics and Clinical Gerontology (GCG) Program convened an interdisciplinary Task Force on Comorbidity to foster the development of a research agenda on the multiple concurrent health problems that often occur in older persons. This report summarizes Task Force discussions held in Bethesda, Maryland (October 21–22, 2003; July 20–21, 2004) and serves as an introduction to the following three articles that address specific issues such as the nosological classification of impairment for the construction of comorbidity measures, staging and classification of disease severity, and methodological and analytical issues. The risk of developing concomitant chronic illnesses and physiological limitations escalates with aging. Diabetes, respiratory diseases, cancer, cardiovascular problems, arthritis, hypertension, and certain other chronic conditions are more common in older than in younger persons. As a consequence, a new diagnosis of any common chronic health condition is likely to be made in the context of preexisting health problems.

Yancik, Rosemary; Ershler, William; Satariano, William; Hazzard, William; Cohen, Harvey J.; Ferrucci, Luigi

2009-01-01

193

Group Task Force on Satellite Rescue and Repair  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Group Task Force was chartered by the Administrator of NASA to recommend 'a policy outlining the criteria, the design standards, and the pricing model to guide NASA in assessing the responsibilities for government and nongovernment Satellite Rescue and Repair Missions.' Criteria for accepting such missions, risks, and benefits to all sectors of our economy involved in satellite services, adequacy of planning and training, and the impact on NASA's primary mission were reviewed. The Group began by asking a more fundamental question; is satellite rescue and repair a logical element of NASA's mission? Factors considered were: (1) the probability of rescue or repair opportunities arising; (2) the economic justification for such attempts; (3) the benefits to NASA, both from such ad hoc learning experiences in space operations and the impact on the public perception of NASA; (4) the effect of such unanticipated missions on NASA's scheduled activities; (5) any potential effect on NASA's technical capability to work in space; and (6) any potential effect on U.S. economic competitiveness.

1992-01-01

194

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Information Architecture for the Battlefield.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Defense Science Board Summer Study Task Force was charged to make recommendations for implementing an information architecture that would enhance combat operations by providing commanders and forces at all levels with required information displayed f...

1994-01-01

195

76 FR 11307 - Small Business Information Security Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...meeting minutes for the Small Business Information Security Task...third meeting of the Small Business Information Security Task...of the CIO, U.S. Small Business Administration, Rusty.Pickens@sba.gov. Paul T. Christy,...

2011-03-01

196

Coordinated force production in multi-finger tasks: finger interaction and neural network modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

During maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) with several fingers, the following three phenomena are observed: (1) the total\\u000a force produced by all the involved fingers is shared among the fingers in a specific manner (sharing); (2) the force produced by a given finger in a multi-finger task is smaller than the force generated by this finger in a\\u000a single-finger task (force

Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky; Zong-Ming Li; Mark L. Latash

1998-01-01

197

Report by the International Space Station (ISS) Management and Cost Evaluation (IMCE) Task Force  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space Station (ISS) Management and Cost Evaluation Task Force (IMCE) was chartered to conduct an independent external review and assessment of the ISS cost, budget, and management. In addition, the Task Force was asked to provide recommendations that could provide maximum benefit to the U.S. taxpayers and the International Partners within the President's budget request. The Task Force has made the following principal findings: (1) The ISS Program's technical achievements to date, as represented by on-orbit capability, are extraordinary; (2) The Existing ISS Program Plan for executing the FY 02-06 budget is not credible; (3) The existing deficiencies in management structure, institutional culture, cost estimating, and program control must be acknowledged and corrected for the Program to move forward in a credible fashion; (4) Additional budget flexibility, from within the Office of Space Flight (OSF) must be provided for a credible core complete program; (5) The research support program is proceeding assuming the budget that was in place before the FY02 budget runout reduction of $1B; (6) There are opportunities to maximize research on the core station program with modest cost impact; (7) The U.S. Core Complete configuration (three person crew) as an end-state will not achieve the unique research potential of the ISS; (8) The cost estimates for the U.S.-funded enhancement options (e.g., permanent seven person crew) are not sufficiently developed to assess credibility. After these findings, the Task Force has formulated several primary recommendations which are published here and include: (1) Major changes must be made in how the ISS program is managed; (2) Additional cost reductions are required within the baseline program; (3) Additional funds must be identified and applied from the Human Space Flight budget; (4) A clearly defined program with a credible end-state, agreed to by all stakeholders, must be developed and implemented.

Young, A. Thomas; Kellogg, Yvonne (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

198

Task Force 1. Report of the Task Force on Patient Expectations, Core Values, Reintegration, and the New Model of Family Medicine  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND To lay the groundwork for the development of a comprehensive strategy to transform and renew the specialty of family medicine, this Future of Family Medicine task force was charged with identifying the core values of family medicine, developing proposals to reform family medicine to meet consumer expectations, and determining systems of care to be delivered by family medicine in the future. METHODS A diverse, multidisciplinary task force representing a broad spectrum of perspectives and expertise analyzed and discussed published literature; findings from surveys, interviews, and focus groups compiled by research firms contracted to the Future of Family Medicine project; and analyses from The Robert Graham Center, professional societies in the United States and abroad, and others. Through meetings, conference calls, and writing, and revision of a series of subcommittee reports, the entire task force reached consensus on its conclusions and recommendations. These were reviewed by an external panel of experts and revisions were made accordingly. MAJOR FINDINGS After delivering on its promise to reverse the decline of general practice in the United States, family medicine and the nation face additional challenges to assure all people receive care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable. Challenges the discipline needs to address to improve family physicians’ ability to make important further contributions include developing a broader, more accurate understanding of the specialty among the public and other health professionals, addressing the wide scope and variance in practice types within family medicine, winning respect for the specialty in academic circles, making family medicine a more attractive career option, and dealing with the perception that family medicine is not solidly grounded in science and technology. The task force set forth a proposed identity statement for family medicine, a basket of services that should be reliably provided in family medicine practices, and an itemization of key attributes and core values that define the specialty. It also proposed and described a New Model of family medicine for people of all ages and both genders that emphasizes patient-centered, evidence-based, whole-person care provided through a multidisciplinary team approach in settings that reduce barriers to access and use advanced information systems and other new technologies. The task force recommended a time of active experimentation to redesign the work and workplace of family physicians; the development of revised financial models for family medicine, and a national resource to provide assistance to individual practices moving to New Model practice; and cooperation with others pursuing the transformation of frontline medicine to better serve the public. CONCLUSIONS Unless there are changes in the broader health care system and within the specialty, the position of family medicine in the United States will be untenable in a 10- to 20-year time frame. Even within the constraints of today’s flawed health care system, there are major opportunities for family physicians to realize improved results for patients and economic success. A period of aggressive experimentation and redevelopment of family medicine is needed now. The future success of the discipline and its impact on public well-being depends in large measure on family medicine’s ability to rearticulate its vision and competencies in a fashion that has greater resonance with the public while substantially revising the organization and processes by which care is delivered. When accomplished, family physicians will achieve more fully the aspirations articulated by the specialty’s core values and contribute to the solution of the nation’s serious health care problems.

Green, Larry A.; Graham, Robert; Bagley, Bruce; Kilo, Charles M.; Spann, Stephen J.; Bogdewic, Stephen P.; Swanson, John

2004-01-01

199

World Health Organization Task Force Methods Determination Fertile Period Special programme Research Development Research Training Human Reproduction (1980) Temporal relationships evaluation defined changes concentration plasma estradiol- 17b luteinizing hormone Felkel-stimulating hormone progesterone. Obstet Gingle 138:383?390  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: World Health Organization Task Force Methods Determination Fertile Period Special programme Research Development Research Training Human Reproduction (1980) Temporal relationships evaluation defined changes concentration plasma estradiol- 17b luteinizing hormone Felkel-stimulating hormone progesterone. Obstet Gingle 138:383?390 ?

200

Report of the Accreditation Task Force: Building Agreement on an Accreditation System for Educator Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early 2008 the Board of Directors of the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE) convened a Task Force on Accreditation to work toward a unified approach to accreditation. The Task Force brought together AACTE representatives with the two major federally-recognized accrediting agencies in educator preparation--the…

American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

201

Report of the Task Force on the Status of Women at the University of California, Davis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The charge given to the Task Force on the Status of Women at the University of California, Davis, was to determine the employment opportunities for women on the Davis campus. The Task Force addressed itself primarily to 4 major employment categories: non-academic staff, academic staff, faculty, and administration, with lesser consideration given…

Fisher, Kathleen M.

202

Educating Social Workers for Practice in Rural Settings: Perspectives and Programs. A Task Force Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems unique to social workers in rural areas prompted the Southern Regional Education Board to set up a task force to focus on an educational program specifically for rural social work practitioners. The task force report (encompassing differences in rural farm, rural nonfarm, and rural industrial areas) includes educational objectives,…

Levin, Lester I., Ed.

203

The Washington State Task Force on Student Transportation Safety. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a study conducted by the Washington State Task Force on Student Transportation Safety are presented in this report. The data-collection process involved four phases: meetings with experts in student transportation and pedestrian safety; public meetings, informational work sessions, and tours of problems areas; task force meetings; and…

Washington State Legislature, Olympia.

204

Georgia's New Health Outlook. Digest of the Report of the Community Health Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A digest of a task force report concerning the major health problems of the State of Georgia is provided. The Community Health Task Force was formed to study the interaction of the environment with the physical, biological, and cultural aspects of communi...

1976-01-01

205

Findings and recommendations of the New Jersey mercury emissions standard setting task force  

Microsoft Academic Search

In April, 1992, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy (NJDEPE) established a task force to begin the process of setting mercury emissions standards. (Note: In July, 1994, the NJDEPE was changed to the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection). The task force investigated the fate and transport of mercury, generated estimates of background levels, and concentrated its

Michael Aucott; Michael Winka

1996-01-01

206

White House Task Force on the Middle Class. Annual Report, February 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The White House Task Force on the Middle Class, chaired by Vice President Joe Biden, was created by President Obama a little more than one year ago, shortly after the Administration took office. The mission of the Task Force, as stated in the Executive Or...

2010-01-01

207

Nebraska Schools: The Report of the Governor's Task Force on Excellence in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the findings of the Governor of Nebraska's task force on excellence in education. Initially, a transmittal letter states the charges, findings, and recommendations of the task force. Section 1 of the report presents a preamble and 12 findings and premises. Section 2 contains recommendations in four categories: (1) curriculum…

Nebraska State Office of the Governor, Lincoln.

208

77 FR 39724 - U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...000-123D0102DM-DS61200000] U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Public Meeting and Public...announce a public meeting of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force (USCRTF) and a request...actions to better preserve and protect coral reef ecosystems. The Departments of...

2012-07-05

209

Report of the MLA Task Force on Evaluating Scholarship for Tenure and Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004 the Executive Council of the Modern Language Association of America (MLA) created a task force to examine current standards and emerging trends in publication requirements for tenure and promotion in English and foreign language departments in the United States. To fulfill its charge, the task force reviewed numerous studies, reports, and…

Modern Language Association, 2007

2007-01-01

210

78 FR 46671 - Membership on the Presidential Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Presidential Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking By virtue of the authority vested in...the Presidential Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking, established by Section 2 of the Executive...for Civilian Security, Democracy and Human Rights, and in the Under...

2013-08-01

211

Task Force on Education Funding Equity, Accountability, and Partnerships. Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Maryland formed the Task Force on Education Funding Equity, Accountability, and Partnerships to ensure that students throughout Maryland have an equal opportunity for academic success. The Task Force's preliminary report features a comprehensive review of education funding and programs in grades K-12. The report presents membership and…

Maryland State Dept. of Legislative Services, Annapolis.

212

Idaho Rural Education Task Force. Public School Information. Legislative Report, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Idaho Rural Education Task Force was formed in July 2007 with the goal of proposing and examining solutions to challenges facing rural schools. The task force's work this year has focused on three areas: recruitment and retention of highly qualified teachers, funding shortages related to insurance costs and staff allowances, and the technology…

Idaho State Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

213

Specific cerebellar regions are related to force amplitude and rate of force development  

PubMed Central

The human cerebellum has been implicated in the control of a wide variety of motor control parameters, such as force amplitude, movement extent, and movement velocity. These parameters often covary in both movement and isometric force production tasks, so it is difficult to resolve whether specific regions of the cerebellum relate to specific parameters. In order to address this issue, the current study used two experiments and SUIT normalization to determine whether BOLD activation in the cerebellum scales with the amplitude or rate of change of isometric force production or both. In the first experiment, subjects produced isometric pinch-grip force over a range of force amplitudes without any constraints on the rate of force development. In the second experiment, subjects varied the rate of force production, but the target force amplitude remained constant. The data demonstrate that BOLD activation in separate sub-areas of cerebellar regions lobule VI and Crus I/II scale with both force amplitude and force rate. In addition, BOLD activation in cerebellar lobule V and vermis VI was specific to force amplitude, whereas BOLD activation in lobule VIIb was specific to force rate. Overall, cerebellar activity related to force amplitude was located superior and medial, whereas activity related to force rate was inferior and lateral. These findings suggest that specific circuitry in the cerebellum may be dedicated to specific motor control parameters such as force amplitude and force rate.

Spraker, M.B.; Corcos, D.M.; Kurani, A.S.; Prodoehl, J.; Swinnen, S.P.; Vaillancourt, D.E.

2011-01-01

214

Specific cerebellar regions are related to force amplitude and rate of force development.  

PubMed

The human cerebellum has been implicated in the control of a wide variety of motor control parameters, such as force amplitude, movement extent, and movement velocity. These parameters often covary in both movement and isometric force production tasks, so it is difficult to resolve whether specific regions of the cerebellum relate to specific parameters. In order to address this issue, the current study used two experiments and SUIT normalization to determine whether BOLD activation in the cerebellum scales with the amplitude or rate of change of isometric force production or both. In the first experiment, subjects produced isometric pinch-grip force over a range of force amplitudes without any constraints on the rate of force development. In the second experiment, subjects varied the rate of force production, but the target force amplitude remained constant. The data demonstrate that BOLD activation in separate sub-areas of cerebellar regions lobule VI and Crus I/II scales with both force amplitude and force rate. In addition, BOLD activation in cerebellar lobule V and vermis VI was specific to force amplitude, whereas BOLD activation in lobule VIIb was specific to force rate. Overall, cerebellar activity related to force amplitude was located superior and medial, whereas activity related to force rate was inferior and lateral. These findings suggest that specific circuitry in the cerebellum may be dedicated to specific motor control parameters such as force amplitude and force rate. PMID:21963915

Spraker, M B; Corcos, D M; Kurani, A S; Prodoehl, J; Swinnen, S P; Vaillancourt, D E

2012-01-16

215

Bilateral ground reaction forces and joint moments for lateral sidestepping and crossover stepping tasks.  

PubMed

Racquet sports have high levels of joint injuries suggesting the joint loads during play may be excessive. Sports such as badminton employ lateral sidestepping (SS) and crossover stepping (XS) movements which so far have not been described in terms of biomechanics. This study examined bilateral ground reaction forces and three dimensional joint kinetics for both these gaits in order to determine the demands of the movements on the leading and trailing limb and predict the contribution of these movements to the occurrence of overuse injury of the lower limbs. A force platform and motion-analysis system were used to record ground reaction forces and track marker trajectories of 9 experienced male badminton players performing lateral SS, XS and forward running tasks at a controlled speed of 3 m·s(-1) using their normal technique. Ground reaction force and kinetic data for the hip, knee and ankle were analyzed, averaged across the group and the biomechanical variables compared. In all cases the ground reaction forces and joint moments were less than those experienced during moderate running suggesting that in normal play SS and XS gaits do not lead to high forces that could contribute to increased injury risk. Ground reaction forces during SS and XS do not appear to contribute to the development of overuse injury. The distinct roles of the leading and trailing limb, acting as a generator of vertical force and shock absorber respectively, during the SS and XS may however contribute to the development of muscular imbalances which may ultimately contribute to the development of overuse injury. However it is still possible that faulty use of these gaits might lead to high loads and this should be the subject of future work. Key pointsGround reaction forces and joint moments during lateral stepping are smaller in magnitude than those experienced during moderate running.Force exposure in SS and XS gaits in normal play does not appear to contribute to the development of overuse injuryThe leading and trailing limbs perform distinct roles, acting as a generator of vertical force and shock absorber respectively.This distinct contribution may contribute to the development of muscular imbalances which may ultimately contribute to the development of overuse injury. PMID:24150549

Kuntze, Gregor; Sellers, William I; Mansfield, Neil

2009-01-01

216

Bilateral ground reaction forces and joint moments for lateral sidestepping and crossover stepping tasks  

PubMed Central

Racquet sports have high levels of joint injuries suggesting the joint loads during play may be excessive. Sports such as badminton employ lateral sidestepping (SS) and crossover stepping (XS) movements which so far have not been described in terms of biomechanics. This study examined bilateral ground reaction forces and three dimensional joint kinetics for both these gaits in order to determine the demands of the movements on the leading and trailing limb and predict the contribution of these movements to the occurrence of overuse injury of the lower limbs. A force platform and motion-analysis system were used to record ground reaction forces and track marker trajectories of 9 experienced male badminton players performing lateral SS, XS and forward running tasks at a controlled speed of 3 m·s-1 using their normal technique. Ground reaction force and kinetic data for the hip, knee and ankle were analyzed, averaged across the group and the biomechanical variables compared. In all cases the ground reaction forces and joint moments were less than those experienced during moderate running suggesting that in normal play SS and XS gaits do not lead to high forces that could contribute to increased injury risk. Ground reaction forces during SS and XS do not appear to contribute to the development of overuse injury. The distinct roles of the leading and trailing limb, acting as a generator of vertical force and shock absorber respectively, during the SS and XS may however contribute to the development of muscular imbalances which may ultimately contribute to the development of overuse injury. However it is still possible that faulty use of these gaits might lead to high loads and this should be the subject of future work. Key pointsGround reaction forces and joint moments during lateral stepping are smaller in magnitude than those experienced during moderate running.Force exposure in SS and XS gaits in normal play does not appear to contribute to the development of overuse injuryThe leading and trailing limbs perform distinct roles, acting as a generator of vertical force and shock absorber respectively.This distinct contribution may contribute to the development of muscular imbalances which may ultimately contribute to the development of overuse injury.

Kuntze, Gregor; Sellers, William I.; Mansfield, Neil

2009-01-01

217

Machine-Readable Data Files at Rutgers: A Preliminary Report of the Task Force on Numeric Data in Machine-Readable Form.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Numeric Data in Machine-Readable Form at Rutgers University Libraries was formed in February 1991. The group was made up of librarians representing all of the Rutgers campuses and areas of library services such as public services, collection development, and technical services. The charge to the task force was to: (1) recommend…

Langschied, Linda; And Others

218

Guidelines for Cognitive Behavioral Training within Doctoral Psychology Programs in the United States: Report of the Inter-Organizational Task Force on Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology Doctoral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies initiated an interorganizational task force to develop guidelines for integrated education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology at the doctoral level in the United States. Fifteen task force members representing 16 professional associations participated in a yearlong series of…

Klepac, Robert K.; Ronan, George F.; Andrasik, Frank; Arnold, Kevin D.; Belar, Cynthia D.; Berry, Sharon L.; Christofff, Karen A.; Craighead, Linda W.; Dougher, Michael J.; Dowd, E. Thomas; Herbert, James D.; McFarr, Lynn M.; Rizvi, Shireen L.; Sauer, Eric M.; Strauman, Timothy J.

2012-01-01

219

On the effect of human arm manipulability in 3D force tasks: Towards force-controlled exoskeletons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coupling the human upper limbs with robotic devices is gaining increasing attention in the last decade, due to the emerging applications in orthotics, prosthetics and rehabilitation devices. In the cases of every-day life tasks, force exertion and generally interaction with the environment is absolutely critical. Therefore, the decoding of the user's force exertion intention is important for the robust control

Panagiotis K. Artemiadis; Pantelis T. Katsiaris; Minas V. Liarokapis; Kostas J. Kyriakopoulos

2011-01-01

220

US-EC Biotech Task Force Keys on Research, Collaboration  

NSF Publications Database

... representative from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's research service on the 24-member task ... Institutes of Health, Department of Agriculture, Department of Energy, the State Department and the ...

221

C2 in the Joint Task Force (JTF) Enterprise.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Command and control (C2) comprises those policies (rules) and mechanisms (services), implemented through human and synthetic means, required for the effective governance of an enterprise. An enterprise is an arbitrary unit of organization tasked with gove...

D. Diggs J. Bayne

2006-01-01

222

75 FR 76744 - National Disaster Housing Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...public teleconference should contact Mitchell Wyllins as listed under the FOR FURTHER...gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mitchell Wyllins, National Disaster Housing Task...teleconference. To make such a request, contact Mitchell Wyllins as listed under the FOR...

2010-12-09

223

VIsion force control in task-oriented grasping and manipulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a novel approach for sensor-guided robotic execution of everyday tasks, which is amenable to be integrated in current mobile manipulators and humanoid robots. We consider a robot which is observing simultaneously his hand and the object to manipulate, by using an external camera (i.e. robot head). Task-oriented grasping algorithms are used in order to plan

Mario Prats; Philippe Martinet; Angel P. Del Pobil; Sukhan Lee

2007-01-01

224

Analysis of indeterminate contact forces in robotic grasping and contact tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we analyze indeterminate contact forces in robotic grasping and contact tasks. Previous studies by Omata and Nagata showed that there is a constraint on static friction forces, which is derived from contact kinematics, in rigid-body power grasps. The set of possible contact forces can be calculated using the constraint. This approach can be applied to not only

Yusuke Maeda; Koutarou Oda; Satoshi Makita

2007-01-01

225

Cognitive Task Analysis and Intelligent Computer-Based Training Systems: Lessons Learned from Coached Practice Environments in Air Force Avionics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes some results of a collaborative effort between the University of Pittsburgh and the Air Force to develop advanced troubleshooting training for F-15 maintenance technicians. The focus is on the cognitive task methodology used in the development of three intelligent tutoring systems to inform their instructional content and…

Katz, Sandra N.; Hall, Ellen; Lesgold, Alan

226

Practice guidelines for preventive care: the Canadian experience. Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination.  

PubMed Central

The work of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination is described in the historical context of its creation and of its evolution. The initial mandate of the task force is presented and the methodology it created to examine scientific information and formulate practice recommendations is reviewed. The complexity of the implementation of practice guidelines in preventive care is examined by reviewing the several determinants of implementation: cognitive, sociodemographic and organizational factors. The actions taken in Canada to implement the guidelines since the publication of the first task force report are described. The importance of better coordinated clinical and population-based approaches to prevention is emphasized.

Battista, R N

1993-01-01

227

77 FR 61573 - Science Advisory Board Satellite Task Force; Availability of Draft Report and Request for Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 0648-XC276 Science Advisory Board Satellite Task Force; Availability of Draft Report...availability of the draft report of the SAB Satellite Task Force (here called the SATTF...2011. The NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service...

2012-10-10

228

76 FR 56743 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...m. Wounded Warrior Care and Transition Policy. 10 a.m....

2011-09-14

229

76 FR 69296 - Proposed Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force...ML111751792) for plant-specific adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force...that the TSTF-500 was available for adoption under the Consolidated Line Item...

2011-11-08

230

Fatigue and Motor Redundancy: Adaptive Increase in Finger Force Variance in Multi-Finger Tasks  

PubMed Central

We studied the effects of fatigue of the index finger on indices of force variability in discrete and rhythmic accurate force production tasks performed by the index finger and by all four fingers pressing in parallel. An increase in the variance of the force produced by the fatigued index finger was expected. We hypothesized that the other fingers would also show increased variance of their forces, which would be accompanied by co-variation among the finger forces resulting in relatively preserved accuracy of performance. The subjects performed isometric tasks including maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and accurate force production before and after a 1-min MVC fatiguing exercise by the index finger. During fatigue, there was a significant increase in the root mean square index of force variability during accurate force production by the index finger. In the four-finger tasks, the variance of the individual finger force increased for all four fingers, while the total force variance showed only a modest change. We quantified two components of variance in the space of hypothetical commands to fingers, finger modes. There was a large increase in the variance component that did not affect total force and a much smaller increase in the component that did. The results suggest an adaptive increase in force variance by nonfatigued elements as a strategy to attenuate effects of fatigue on accuracy of multi-element performance. These effects were unlikely to originate at the level of synchronization of motor units across muscle compartments but rather involved higher control levels.

Singh, Tarkeshwar; SKM, Varadhan; Zatsiorsky, Vladimir M.

2010-01-01

231

One Department Serving Rural America: HHS Rural Task Force, Report to the Secretary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the current health and social services challenges facing rural America, outlines HHS components whose programs currently serve rural and frontier communities, discusses the barriers that Task Force members identified, shares the comm...

2002-01-01

232

78 FR 14783 - Citizens Energy Task Force, Save Our Unique Lands (Complainants) v. Midwest Reliability...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission), 18 CFR 385.206, Citizens Energy Task Force (CETF) and Save Our Unique Lands (SOUL) filed a complaint requesting that the Commission order: (1) That the MTEP 08 addition of the Hampton-Rochester-La...

2013-03-07

233

Analysis of Crystal Shield 86 - The First SAC (Strategic Air Command) Innovation Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bestsellers 'In Search of Excellence' and 'A Passion for Excellence' spawned an interest about innovation in large organizations. The Strategic Air Command (SAC) formed an innovation task force called Crystal Shield 86. This innovation project appeare...

J. K. Turnipseed

1987-01-01

234

Doctors Should Give Toddlers Fluoride Treatments: U.S. Task Force  

MedlinePLUS

... Fluoride Treatments: U.S. Task Force Expert panel says primary care physicians should help in effort to prevent cavities ... Tooth Decay TUESDAY, May 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care doctors should start playing a more prominent role ...

235

Computer-Mediated Training Tools to Enhance Joint Task Force Cognitive Leadership Skills.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project describes a computer-mediated cognitive leadership training program for helping leaders of a Joint Task Force overcome cultural barriers between services. The program focuses on the brigade level (and higher) echelons of service warfighting u...

I. Linkov G. Fenton F. K. Satterstrom R. Gaskins B. Lewis

2007-01-01

236

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Military System Applications of Superconductors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Task Force found a number of superconductivity applications that could result in significant new military capabilities, including electronics and high power applications. In particular, superconducting materials could enable significant military impro...

1988-01-01

237

Special Joint Report: Federal Agency Task Force for Missing and Exploited Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Agency Task Force on Missing and Exploited Children serves as an advocate for children and their families, coordinates Federal re-sources and services for missing and exploited children and their families, and fosters increased cooperation and...

1997-01-01

238

77 FR 58421 - Model Safety Evaluation for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2012-0071] Model Safety Evaluation for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF-522...to Operate for 10 Hours per Month,'' for plant-specific adoption. Additionally, the NRC staff finds the proposed TS...

2012-09-20

239

59 FR- Nevada Solar Enterprise Zone Task Force to the Advisory Committee on Demonstration and Commercial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Nevada Solar Enterprise Zone Task Force...Lisa DiNunzio, Office of Solar Energy Conversion, EE-13, 1000...advises the Department of Energy on making the best use of the solar resource in southern...

1994-11-10

240

59 FR- Nevada Solar Enterprise Zone Task Force to the Advisory Committee on Demonstration and Commercial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Nevada Solar Enterprise Zone Task Force...Lisa DiNunzio, Office of Solar Energy Conversion, EE-13, 1000...advises the Department of Energy on making the best use of the solar resource in southern...

1994-12-02

241

59 FR- Nevada Solar Enterprise Zone Task Force to the Advisory Committee on Demonstration and Commercial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Nevada Solar Enterprise Zone Task Force...Lisa DiNunzio, Office of Solar Energy Conversion, EE-13, 1000...advises the Department of Energy on making the best use of the solar resource in southern...

1994-09-16

242

59 FR- Nevada Solar Enterprise Zone Task Force to the Advisory Committee on Demonstration and Commercial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Nevada Solar Enterprise Zone Task Force...Annan, Director, Office of Solar Energy Conversion, EE-13, 1000...advises the Department of Energy on making the best use of the solar resource in southern...

1994-07-25

243

U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Federal Member Coral Profiles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These Coral Profiles provide a concise overview of the United States Coral Reef Task Force (USCRTF) Federal members mission, role, authorities, programs, activities, and resources (grants, tools, training, etc) related to coral reefs and associated ecosys...

2009-01-01

244

Task Force Report for Revision of State Plan for Mental Health Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

State planning for mental health services is addressed in a report prepared by the South Central Connecticut Regional Mental Health Planning Council. A task force was established to work on an ongoing basis to obtain information about mental health resour...

1972-01-01

245

Preliminary report from the Task Force on detector R&D for the SSC  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force has so far evaluated the R&D efforts required in the following categories: and are briefly discussed on the paper: Tracking devices; calorimetry; electronics; data acquisition; triggering; computing; muon detection; and new techniques.

NONE

1985-05-23

246

Recommendations of the task force on codes and machine-readable symbols.  

PubMed

The task force recommends the use of common, numeric codes for identifying blood, blood components, blood type, collection center and similar information. The task force further recommends the use of the CODABAR and/or the OCR-B symbol for representing these codes in machine-readable form. Blood product codes, label formats, symbol format control characters and a check digit system are recommended. PMID:7245707

Thatcher, R K

1981-03-01

247

Making the first fracture the last fracture: ASBMR task force report on secondary fracture prevention.  

PubMed

Fragility fractures are common, affecting almost one in two older women and one in three older men. Every fragility fracture signals increased risk of future fractures as well as risk of premature mortality. Despite the major health care impact worldwide, currently there are few systems in place to identify and "capture" individuals after a fragility fracture to ensure appropriate assessment and treatment (according to national guidelines) to reduce future fracture risk and adverse health outcomes. The Task Force reviewed the current evidence about different systematic interventional approaches, their logical background, as well as the medical and ethical rationale. This included reviewing the evidence supporting cost-effective interventions and developing a toolkit for reducing secondary fracture incidence. This report presents this evidence for cost-effective interventions versus the human and health care costs associated with the failure to address further fractures. In particular, it summarizes the evidence for various forms of Fracture Liaison Service as the most effective intervention for secondary fracture prevention. It also summarizes the evidence that certain interventions, particularly those based on patient and/or community-focused educational approaches, are consistently, if unexpectedly, ineffective. As an international group, representing 36 countries throughout Asia-Pacific, South America, Europe, and North America, the Task Force reviewed and summarized the international data on barriers encountered in implementing risk-reduction strategies. It presents the ethical imperatives for providing quality of care in osteoporosis management. As part of an implementation strategy, it describes both the quality improvement methods best suited to transforming care and the research questions that remain outstanding. The overarching outcome of the Task Force's work has been the provision of a rational background and the scientific evidence underpinning secondary fracture prevention and stresses the utility of one form or another of a Fracture Liaison Service in achieving those quality outcomes worldwide. © 2012 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. PMID:22836222

Eisman, John A; Bogoch, Earl R; Dell, Rick; Harrington, J Timothy; McKinney, Ross E; McLellan, Alastair; Mitchell, Paul J; Silverman, Stuart; Singleton, Rick; Siris, Ethel

2012-10-01

248

Solar Concentrator Advanced Development Program, Task 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Solar dynamic power generation has been selected by NASA to provide power for the space station. Solar dynamic concentrator technology has been demonstrated for terrestrial applications but has not been developed for space applications. The object of the Solar Concentrator Advanced Development program is to develop the technology of solar concentrators which would be used on the space station. The first task of this program was to develop conceptual concentrator designs and perform trade-off studies and to develop a materials data base and perform material selection. Three unique concentrator concepts; Truss Hex, Spline Radial Panel and Domed Fresnel, were developed and evaluated against weighted trade criteria. The Truss Hex concept was recommended for the space station. Materials data base development demonstrated that several material systems are capable of withstanding extended periods of atomic oxygen exposure without undesirable performance degradation. Descriptions of the conceptual designs and materials test data are included.

1986-01-01

249

Task Force on Responsible Decisions about Alcohol, Interim Report Number 1. Summary, Technical Document, and Reports on Working Conferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1974, the Education Commission of the States (ECS) began to develop an innovative program to involve the total education system in seeking solutions to one of society's oldest problems--alcoholism. This report reviews the first year's activities of the task force, presents preliminary findings and outlines goals for the coming year. To provide…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

250

Time for Results: The Governors' 1991 Report on Education. Supporting Works. Task Force on Leadership and Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on School Leadership and Management was charged with examining incentives that states can develop to encourage effective management at the district and school leadership level. Four papers are presented in this report: (1) "School Leadership and Management" (Cindy K. Currence); (2) "A Policymaker's Guide to Improving Conditions for…

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

251

Task Force on Confidentiality in the Adoption Program: A Report to the California State Department of Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the findings and recommendations of a task force established to develop a comprehensive statement regarding the confidentiality of adoption records and to define the scope of information (background and/or identifying) to be shared with birth parents prior to placement of a child for adoption, adoptive parents at the time of…

Sullivan, Mary

252

The Leadosaurus Task Force: An Educational Project to Identify and Remediate Lead Poisoning in the Muessel School Neighborhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The existence and effects of lead poisoning continue to plague young children and their families, particularly children in older inner city neighborhoods. A task force in South Bend, Indiana, developed a parental education program which was implemented at an inner city elementary school. The program involved parent education, events for the…

Hall, Leda McIntyre

2004-01-01

253

Report of the Defense Task Force on Sexual Harassment and Violence at the Military Service Academies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In creating this report the Task Force gathered information by conducting site visits; communicating with numerous individuals, including victims; reviewing the Department of Defense survey data; reviewing Academy and Service policies, reports, and data; consulting with subject matter experts; and communicating with related committees and task

US Department of Defense, 2005

2005-01-01

254

Degradation of force-loaded pursuit tracking performance in a dual-task paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-four subjects performed pursuit tracking on a specially modified pursuit rotor. Each subject tracked for 2 min at each of three levels of force, both with and without a simultaneous auditory attention task. The presence of the auditory task resulted in a significant degradation of tracking performance. This degradation was most severe for the females in the sample. Performance degradation

GEORGE R. MASTROIANNI; AARON W. SCHOPPER

1986-01-01

255

77 FR 15399 - Model Safety Evaluation for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Safety Evaluation for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force...evaluation (SE) for plant-specific adoption of Technical Specifications (TS) Task...ML12032A065. The model SE for plant-specific adoption of TSTF-505, Revision 1, is...

2012-03-15

256

Research priorities and plans for the International Space Station-results of the 'REMAP' Task Force  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent events in the International Space Station (ISS) Program have resulted in the necessity to re-examine the research priorities and research plans for future years. Due to both technical and fiscal resource constraints expected on the International Space Station, it is imperative that research priorities be carefully reviewed and clearly articulated. In consultation with OSTP and the Office of Management and budget (OMB), NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) assembled an ad-hoc external advisory committee, the Biological and Physical Research Maximization and Prioritization (REMAP) Task Force. This paper describes the outcome of the Task Force and how it is being used to define a roadmap for near and long-term Biological and Physical Research objectives that supports NASA's Vision and Mission. Additionally, the paper discusses further prioritizations that were necessitated by budget and ISS resource constraints in order to maximize utilization of the International Space Station. Finally, a process has been developed to integrate the requirements for this prioritized research with other agency requirements to develop an integrated ISS assembly and utilization plan that maximizes scientific output. c2003 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kicza, M.; Erickson, K.; Trinh, E.

2003-01-01

257

Development, social norms, and assignment to task  

PubMed Central

Economic development involves a structural transformation in the way people are allocated to tasks. There is a shift from self-provision to market exchange, facilitating specialization. There is also a shift from self-employment to wage employment in large firms and organizations, driven by innovation and increasing returns to scale. Changes in allocation mechanisms require changes in norms and attitudes. Because different labor assignment domains coexist, conflicts arise among norms that apply to different domains, possibly resulting in dysfunctional outcomes. I argue that religion, humanism, and schools have all played an important historical role in fostering the changes in social norms and attitudes that are needed to accompany structural changes in the way economies allocate workers to tasks.

Fafchamps, Marcel

2011-01-01

258

Achievable Vision: Report of the Department of Defense Task Force on Mental Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Section 723 of the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2006 directed the Secretary of Defense to 'establish within the Department of Defense a task force to examine matters relating to mental health and the Armed Forces' and produce 'a repo...

2007-01-01

259

Guidelines for Alternative Birth Services in West Virginia: Report of a Task Force of the West Virginia Primary Care Study Group.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A special task force formulated guidelines for establishing and managing a rural birthing center and recommended criteria which could be used by community groups in planning and developing birthing services and by funding agencies in evaluating grant requ...

1980-01-01

260

Toward Improving the Outcome of Pregnancy in Wisconsin: Report of the Statewide Perinatal Task Force Meeting, October 30-31, 1980, Madison, Wisconsin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The perinatal care system consists of maternity services (prenatal, ante-intra-postpartum, and interconceptional care) and newborn services (neonatal intensive, normal nursery, and infant follow-up care). The goal of the task force was to develop a genera...

1981-01-01

261

Operation Ivy. Report of commander, Task Group 132. 1. Pacific Proving Grounds. Joint Task Force 132  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Task Group included the responsibilities to conduct experimental measurement programs on Shots Mike and King and to conduct the radiological safety program. Programs were established to make radiochemical analysis of bomb debris; to follow the progress of the nuclear reaction; to make neutron, gamma-ray, blast, thermal radiation, and electromagnetic measurements; and to make a preliminary geophysical and marine survey of the test area. The organizational structure and command relations to accomplish the mission are outlined.

Burriss, S.W.

1984-10-31

262

Carbon Issues Task Force Report for the Idaho Strategic Energy Alliance  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Issues Task Force has the responsibility to evaluate emissions reduction and carbon offset credit options, geologic carbon sequestration and carbon capture, terrestrial carbon sequestration on forest lands, and terrestrial carbon sequestration on agricultural lands. They have worked diligently to identify ways in which Idaho can position itself to benefit from potential carbon-related federal legislation, including identifying opportunities for Idaho to engage in carbon sequestration efforts, barriers to development of these options, and ways in which these barriers can be overcome. These are the experts to which we will turn when faced with federal greenhouse gas-related legislation and how we should best react to protect and provide for Idaho’s interests. Note that the conclusions and recommended options in this report are not intended to be exhaustive, but rather form a starting point for an informed dialogue regarding the way-forward in developing Idaho energy resources.

Travis L. Mcling

2010-10-01

263

Report of the defense science board task force on defense nuclear agency. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force recommends that: (1) DNA continue to be the DoD focal point for nuclear expertise; (2) The DNA charter be modified to provide focus for non-nuclear activities of critical importance to the DoD. It gives DNA authority to conduct technology base development for advanced conventional munitions, and become a focal point for technologies related to non- and counter-proliteration of weapon systems of mass destruction and their infrastructure (WMD); and (3) Anticipating cessation of UGETs, DNA should aggressively pursue technology development for AGT, AGT/UGT correlation and advanced computations, with emphasis on new theater scenarios, but with the ability to reconstitute for UGT resumption or AGT for large strategic threats within a year or two.

Not Available

1993-04-01

264

Energy Task Force of the Urban Consortium. 1994 UCETF Program: Summary and abstracts  

SciTech Connect

The Urban Consortium (UC) is a network of the nation`s largest cities and urban counties by population, brought together by PTI to find solutions to their common concerns. The Consortium provides a unique creative forum where elected and appointed officials and technical managers identify, test, and validate practical ways to improve the provision of public services and, where possible, generate new revenue opportunities. Public Technology, Inc. (PTI) is the nonprofit, research, development, and commercialization arm of the National League of Cities, National Association of Counties and the International City and County Management Association, and an association of local governments. Staffed by PTI, the UC addresses the critical needs of local governments through its three task forces: Energy, Environment, and Telecommunications and Information. The Urban Consortium Energy Task Force (UCETF) program has, since its inception, acted as a laboratory to develop and test solutions and share the resulting products or management approaches with the wider audience of local governments. It has addressed the overlap between energy and environment and economic development policy issues, and, is the nation`s most extensive cooperative local government program to improve energy management and decision-making through applied research and technology cooperation. Developed to meet both the defined needs of cities and counties as well as national priorities, major topics within the 1993/94 program are (1) Transportation; (2) Utility and Commercial/Government Buildings; and (3) Energy Efficient Buildings and Communities. This summary contains short descriptions of the projects and participants in the 1993/94 UCETF program.

NONE

1993-10-01

265

ESHRE Task Force on ethics and Law 20: sex selection for non-medical reasons.  

PubMed

This Task Force document revisits the debate about the ethics of sex selection for non-medical reasons in the light of relevant new technological developments. First, as a result of improvement of the Microsort® flow cytometry method, there is now a proven technique for preconception sex selection that can be combined both with IVF and IUI. Secondly, the scenario where new approaches that are currently being developed for preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) may lead to such screening becoming a routine part of all IVF treatment. In that scenario professionals will more often be confronted with parental requests for transfer of an embryo of a specific sex. Thirdly, the recent development of non-invasive prenatal testing based on cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma allows for easy and safe sex determination in the early stages of pregnancy. While stressing the new urgency that these developments give to the debate, the Task Force did not come to a unanimous position with regard to the acceptability of sex selection for non-medical reasons in the context of assisted reproduction. Whereas some think maintaining the current ban is the best approach, others are in favour of allowing sex selection for non-medical reasons under conditions that take account of societal concerns about the possible impact of the practice. By presenting these positions, the document reflects the different views about this issue that also exist in the field. Specific recommendations include the need for a wider delineation of accepted 'medical reasons' than in terms of avoiding a serious sex-linked disorder, and for a clarification of the legal position with regard to answering parental requests for 'additional sex selection' in the context of medically indicated preimplantation genetic diagnosis, or routine PGS. PMID:23578946

Dondorp, W; De Wert, G; Pennings, G; Shenfield, F; Devroey, P; Tarlatzis, B; Barri, P; Diedrich, K

2013-06-01

266

Report of the Task Force on SSC Magnet System Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force on SSC Magnet Systems test Site was appointed by Maury Tigner, Director of the SSC, Phase 1 in August 1984. In brief, the charge asked the Task Force to make a critical evaluation of potential test sites for a major SSC magnet System Test Facility (STF) with regard to: (1) availability of the needed space, utilities, staff and other requirements on the desired time scale; and (2) the cost of preparing the sites for the tests and for operating the facilities during the test period. The charge further suggests that, by virtue of existing facilities and availability of experienced staff, BNL and FNAL are the two best candidate sites and that is therefore appears appropriate to restrict the considerations of the Task Force to these sites. During the subsequent deliberations of the Task Force, no new facts were revealed that altered the assumptions of the charge in this regard. The charge does not ask for a specific site recommendation for the STF. Indeed, an agreement on such a recommendation would be difficult to achieve considering the composition of the Task Force, wherein a large fraction of the membership is drawn from the two contending laboratories. Instead, we have attempted to describe the purpose of the facility, outline a productive test program, list the major facilities required, carefully review the laboratories` responses to the facility requirements, and make objective comparisons of the specific features and capabilities offered.

NONE

1984-10-01

267

Contractile forces driving embryonic development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proper development of an organism requires an orchestrated interplay of large sets of components. Recent developments in live fluorescent imaging methods allow the visualization of many key proteins in cells and tissues. Developing quantitative image analysis methods to measure the dynamics of shape changes in individual cells is central for understanding how a tissue gets sculpted, what molecular machineries are driving this process, and what interactions between cells are regulating it. In this talk, I will present recent advances in our understanding of the dynamical processes during morphogenesis, focusing on the example of tissue folding and invagination at the beginning of gastrulation in Drosophila. I show that this process is driven by a contractile multicellular actomyosin meshwork that dynamically forms within a few minutes at the cell surfaces. In individual cells, contraction is pulsed, with phases of contraction interrupted by pauses in which the cell size is maintained, i.e. a ratchet type dynamics that reduces the surface area of cells incrementally. Measuring the dynamics of whole cell shape changes in 2-photon live imaging data reveals that contraction pulses drive cell lengthening and relocation of cell nuclei, two transformations that are essential for successful invagination of tissue. This analysis further shows that over subsequent stages of invagination, during which cells undergo an elaborate sequence of shape changes, the volume of individual cells is a preserved quantity. These results shed new light on the forces and cellular dynamics driving tissue morphogenesis and are a step towards a quantitative understanding of how an organism's shape and internal structure arises in development.

Kaschube, Matthias

2011-03-01

268

The influence of catch trials on the consolidation of motor memory in force field adaptation tasks.  

PubMed

In computational neuroscience it is generally accepted that human motor memory contains neural representations of the physics of the musculoskeletal system and the objects in the environment. These representations are called "internal models". Force field studies, in which subjects have to adapt to dynamic perturbations induced by a robotic manipulandum, are an established tool to analyze the characteristics of such internal models. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether catch trials during force field learning could influence the consolidation of motor memory in more complex tasks. Thereby, the force field was more than double the force field of previous studies (35 N·s/m). Moreover, the arm of the subjects was not supported. A total of 46 subjects participated in this study and performed center-out movements at a robotic manipulandum in two different force fields. Two control groups learned force field A on day 1 and were retested in the same force field on day 3 (AA). Two test groups additionally learned an interfering force field B (= -A) on day 2 (ABA). The difference between the two test and control groups, respectively, was the absence (0%) or presence (19%) of catch trials, in which the force field was turned-off suddenly. The results showed consolidation of force field A on day 3 for both control groups. Test groups showed no consolidation of force field A (19% catch trials) and even poorer performance on day 3 (0% catch trials). In conclusion, it can be stated that catch trials seem to have a positive effect on the performance on day 3 but do not trigger a consolidation process as shown in previous studies that used a lower force field viscosity with supported arm. These findings indicate that the results of previous studies in which less complex tasks were analyzed, cannot be fully transferred to more complex tasks. Moreover, the effects of catch trials in these situations are insufficiently understood and further research is needed. PMID:23898319

Focke, Anne; Stockinger, Christian; Diepold, Christina; Taubert, Marco; Stein, Thorsten

2013-01-01

269

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Deep Attack Weapons Mix Study (DAWMS) Phase I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report of the Task Force is partitioned into separate sections dealing with the origins and character of the DAWMS study the composition and tasking of the Task Force a review of the three components of the DAWMS study (namely input assumptions struct...

1997-01-01

270

An assessment by the Statin Cognitive Safety Task Force: 2014 update.  

PubMed

The National Lipid Association's Safety Task Force convened a consensus conference of experts to develop a position statement on cognitive function to revise and update that published originally by the Association in the 2006 assessment of statin safety by a panel of neurologists. The current expert panel was charged with addressing the specific issue of potential adverse cognitive effects attributable to statins. Search strategies recently used in systematic reviews were used to identify relevant evidence using keywords and topics via Medline searches from 1966 to December 2013. Manual searches of bibliographies were also conducted. Panel members were asked to use the evidence to formulate answers to a series of questions of relevance to the subject matter. The strength of recommendations and quality of evidence were graded using accepted contemporary definitions and procedures. Recommendations to patients, health professionals, and researchers were put forth by the panel to aid in daily clinical decision making, and in future research endeavors. PMID:24793442

Rojas-Fernandez, Carlos H; Goldstein, Larry B; Levey, Allan I; Taylor, Beth A; Bittner, Vera

2014-01-01

271

Compendium of Feasibility Team and Task Force Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document by the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization contains: (1) a summary report on the development of a regional center for tropical medicine; (2) a preliminary study relative to a proposed regional center for education in science and mathematics; (3) a preliminary study relative to a regional institute for English…

Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization, Bangkok (Thailand).

272

Student Task Force: An Experiment in Interdisciplinary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the first semester of the 1971-72 academic year, students at 7 universities located in urban areas across the U.S. participated in an interdisciplinary program that was designed to help the students develop problem-solving techniques. The particular problem that the students attacked was that of drug addiction. This problem incorporated the…

Weiner, Harry

273

Report of the Dutchess County Resource Recovery Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1978, Dutchess County received a grant from DOE relating to the development of a resource-recovery system for the county. The program objectives were: (1) to recover energy-intensive materials; (2) to recover energy from the waste in the form of a medi...

1980-01-01

274

Controlling Energy Through Microprocessor Utilization. An Energy Task Force Publication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seven-chapter publication was designed to assist administrators, architects, and engineers in understanding the functions of microprocessor-based energy management systems. The information provided can be used by these individuals to develop an energy management project, select the proper system, and accurately install the system to fit…

Fatkin, Barbara, Ed.

275

Focal transcranial magnetic stimulation and response bias in a forced-choice task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation were studied on the performance of a warned, forced-choice response time task by normal adults. The task consisted of extension of the index finger in response to the click produced by the discharge of the magnetic coil (go-signal). The subjects were asked to choose the right or left finger only after the go-signal was

J. P. Brasil-neto; A Pascual-Leone; J Valls-Solé; L G Cohen; M Hallett

1992-01-01

276

Treat-to-target in systemic lupus erythematosus: recommendations from an international task force.  

PubMed

The principle of treating-to-target has been successfully applied to many diseases outside rheumatology and more recently to rheumatoid arthritis. Identifying appropriate therapeutic targets and pursuing these systematically has led to improved care for patients with these diseases and useful guidance for healthcare providers and administrators. Thus, an initiative to evaluate possible therapeutic targets and develop treat-to-target guidance was believed to be highly appropriate in the management of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients as well. Specialists in rheumatology, nephrology, dermatology, internal medicine and clinical immunology, and a patient representative, contributed to this initiative. The majority convened on three occasions in 2012-2013. Twelve topics of critical importance were identified and a systematic literature review was performed. The results were condensed and reformulated as recommendations, discussed, modified and voted upon. The finalised bullet points were analysed for degree of agreement among the task force. The Oxford Centre level of evidence (LoE, corresponding to the research questions) and grade of recommendation (GoR) were determined for each recommendation. The 12 systematic literature searches and their summaries led to 11 recommendations. Prominent features of these recommendations are targeting remission, preventing damage and improving quality of life. LoE and GoR of the recommendations were variable but agreement was >0.9 in each case. An extensive research agenda was identified, and four overarching principles were also agreed upon. Treat-to-target-in-SLE (T2T/SLE) recommendations were developed by a large task force of multispecialty experts and a patient representative. It is anticipated that 'treating-to-target' can and will be applicable to the care of patients with SLE. PMID:24739325

van Vollenhoven, Ronald F; Mosca, Marta; Bertsias, George; Isenberg, David; Kuhn, Annegret; Lerstrøm, Kirsten; Aringer, Martin; Bootsma, Hendrika; Boumpas, Dimitrios; Bruce, Ian N; Cervera, Ricard; Clarke, Ann; Costedoat-Chalumeau, Nathalie; Czirják, László; Derksen, Ronald; Dörner, Thomas; Gordon, Caroline; Graninger, Winfried; Houssiau, Frédéric; Inanc, Murat; Jacobsen, Søren; Jayne, David; Jedryka-Goral, Anna; Levitsky, Adrian; Levy, Roger; Mariette, Xavier; Morand, Eric; Navarra, Sandra; Neumann, Irmgard; Rahman, Anisur; Rovensky, Jozef; Smolen, Josef; Vasconcelos, Carlos; Voskuyl, Alexandre; Voss, Anne; Zakharova, Helena; Zoma, Asad; Schneider, Matthias

2014-06-01

277

IEEE P802.3af: DTE Power via MDI Task Force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A task force of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is investigating the possibility of feeding power over Ethernet data lines. Although computer systems will not be able to be run from one all-purpose Ethernet/ power outlet, many other small Internet-enabled devices could be. For example, access points for wireless local area networks could be installed without requiring a separate power line. The task force's homepage has many technical documents about its objectives and the process of creating the standard. A number of short technical papers and presentations are also available.

278

75 FR 4051 - Defense Health Board; DoD Task Force on the Prevention of Suicide by Members of the Armed Forces...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information pertaining to suicide and suicide prevention programs for members of the...Secretary, DoD Task Force on Suicide Prevention by Members of the Armed Forces...efforts related to suicide and suicide prevention programs. Pursuant to 5...

2010-01-26

279

Special task force prepares resource document on hazardous waste incineration  

SciTech Connect

In response to the lack of comprehensive documentation pertaining to hazardous waste incineration, the ASME Research Committee on Industrial and Municipal Wastes proposed a joint project involving the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, APCA and the US Environmental Protection Agency to develop a resource document on hazardous waste incineration. The project was designed to assemble in one document a comprehensive report on the state-of-knowledge on hazardous waste incineration: including objective descriptions of technology, regulatory issues, environmental control, risks, and public concerns. The document is intended for both the general public and the technical community. The report is in six sections. Descriptive information on the magnitude and nature of the problem of hazardous waste, and/or incineration technology is presented in the first two sections. The remaining sections cover incineration performance, risk to human health, the regulatory structure governing use of incineration, and public issues and concerns.

Not Available

1988-05-01

280

Analysis of object-stability and internal force in robotic contact tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stability of an object manipulated by multiple robots (serial-link or wire-driven mechanisms) in contact tasks is investigated. We show that resultant force\\/moment applicable to the object through the contacts is represented as a polyhedral convex region in force\\/moment space. Then we propose a stability measure and a method of calculating it approximately by linear programming technique. We also present

Yusuke Maeda; Yasumichi Aiyama; Tamio Arai; Taiga Ozawa

1996-01-01

281

IANA task force on nutrition and cognitive decline with aging.  

PubMed

Cognitive impairment can be influenced by a number of factors. The potential effect of nutrition has become a topic of increasing scientific and public interest. In particular, there are arguments that nutrients (food and/or supplements) such as vitamins, trace minerals, lipids, can affect the risk of cognitive decline and dementia, especially in frail elderly people at risk of deficiencies. Our objective in this paper is to review data relating diet to risk of cognitive decline and dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease (AD). We chose to focus our statements on homocysteine-related vitamins (B-vitamins), antioxidant nutrients (vitamins E and C, carotenoids, flavonoids, enzymatic cofactors) and dietary lipids. Results of epidemiological studies may sometimes appeared conflicting; however, certain associations are frequently found. High intake of saturated and trans-unsaturated (hydrogenated) fats were positively associated with increased risk of AD, whereas intake of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats were protective against cognitive decline in the elderly in prospective studies. Fish consumption has been associated with lower risk of AD in longitudinal cohort studies. Moreover, epidemiologic data suggest a protective role of the B-vitamins, especially vitamins B9 and B12, on cognitive decline and dementia. Finally, the results on antioxidant nutrients may suggest the importance of having a balanced combination of several antioxidant nutrients to exert a significant effect on the prevention of cognitive decline and dementia, while taking into account the potential adverse effects of these nutrients. There is no lack of attractive hypotheses to support research on the relationships between nutrition and cognitive decline. It is important to stress the need to develop further prospective studies of sufficiently long duration, including subjects whose diet is monitored at a sufficiently early stage or at least before disease or cognitive decline exist. Meta analyses should be developed, and on the basis of their results the most appropriate interventional studies can be planned. These studies must control for the greatest number of known confounding factors and take into account the impact of the standard social determinants of food habits, such as the regional cultures, social status, and educational level. PMID:17435956

Gillette Guyonnet, S; Abellan Van Kan, G; Andrieu, S; Barberger Gateau, P; Berr, C; Bonnefoy, M; Dartigues, J F; de Groot, L; Ferry, M; Galan, P; Hercberg, S; Jeandel, C; Morris, M C; Nourhashemi, F; Payette, H; Poulain, J P; Portet, F; Roussel, A M; Ritz, P; Rolland, Y; Vellas, B

2007-01-01

282

Development of a Force Measurement Device.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of a Force Measurement Device (FMD) for recording interface forces between shaker table and Ariane 4 satellites is reported. The FMD is designed to measure forces and moments in the frequency range from 0.1 to 100 Hz with an accuracy bette...

O. Wilmar

1991-01-01

283

77 FR 16869 - Proposed Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force...evaluation (SE) for plant-specific adoption of Technical Specifications (TS) Task...proposed model SE for plant-specific adoption of TSTF-522, Revision 0, is...

2012-03-22

284

78 FR 3921 - Proposed Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force...evaluation (SE) for plant- specific adoption of Technical Specifications (TS) Task...proposed model SE for plant-specific adoption of TSTF-426, Revision 5, is...

2013-01-17

285

Psychophysical testing of visual prosthetic devices: a call to establish a multi-national joint task force  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in the field of visual prostheses, as showcased in this special feature of Journal of Neural Engineering , have led to promising results from clinical trials of a number of devices. However, as noted by these groups there are many challenges involved in assessing vision of people with profound vision loss. As such, it is important that there is consistency in the methodology and reporting standards for clinical trials of visual prostheses and, indeed, the broader vision restoration research field. Two visual prosthesis research groups, the Boston Retinal Implant Project (BRIP) and Bionic Vision Australia (BVA), have agreed to work cooperatively to establish a multi-national Joint Task Force. The aim of this Task Force will be to develop a consensus statement to guide the methods used to conduct and report psychophysical and clinical results of humans who receive visual prosthetic devices. The overarching goal is to ensure maximum benefit to the implant recipients, not only in the outcomes of the visual prosthesis itself, but also in enabling them to obtain accurate information about this research with ease. The aspiration to develop a Joint Task Force was first promulgated at the inaugural 'The Eye and the Chip' meeting in September 2000. This meeting was established to promote the development of the visual prosthetic field by applying the principles of inclusiveness, openness, and collegiality among the growing body of researchers in this field. These same principles underlie the intent of this Joint Task Force to enhance the quality of psychophysical research within our community. Despite prior efforts, a critical mass of interested parties could not congeal. Renewed interest for developing joint guidelines has developed recently because of a growing awareness of the challenges of obtaining reliable measurements of visual function in patients who are severely visually impaired (in whom testing is inherently noisy), and of the importance of comparing outcomes amongst the many research teams that have entered this field, all of which are using different devices implanted at various locations within the visual system and different methods of assessing efficacy. Researchers at the BRIP and BVA believe that use of common methods for testing and for reporting results would benefit all scientists and clinicians in the field, the agencies that regulate human testing, corporations that are invested in the success of this field, and, most importantly, potential patients. The Task Force will be formed with the intent of developing substantive recommendations to provide a measure of consistency and quality control within the field. The guidelines will offer recommendations for the assessment of the: (1) baseline (pre-implant) visual status of potential patients (including specification of the disease diagnosis and impact on visual functioning) and (2) post-operative visual function. The guidelines will be available to the public, research groups and companies. Any groups that choose to adopt the recommendations would be encouraged to include a formal statement of compliance in their presentations and publications. The Task Force will develop these guidelines with the understanding that the ability to perform experiments in the suggested manner might be limited by the particular engineering design and functionality of different prosthesis devices. It is not the intent of the Task Force to write strict test protocols for all parties to follow, but instead to work cooperatively as a research field to develop guidelines about the types of tests that should be implemented, and how they could be reported in a similar format between groups. The opportunity to participate on the Task Force is open to all researchers, clinicians and other specialists who work in the fields of sensory prostheses (both visual and cochlear implants), molecular therapy, stem cells, optogenetics or other fields that share a similar goal of restoring vision to the blind. Decisions about the guidelines will be made democratically, with precautions

Rizzo, Joseph F., III; Ayton, Lauren N.

2014-04-01

286

Action monitoring in motor control: ERPs following selection and execution errors in a force production task.  

PubMed

Action monitoring has been studied in many tasks by means of measuring the error-related negativity (Ne/ERN), but never in a motor control task requiring precise force production. Errors in discrete choice reaction tasks are the result of incorrect selections, but errors in force production can also arise from incorrect executions. ERPs were obtained while participants produced low or high isometric forces with their left or right hand. As expected, incorrect choices of hand elicited an Ne/ERN. Interestingly, Ne/ERNs were also present in the less discrete selection error of an incorrect choice of force, but only when erroneously a low instead of a high force was chosen. In both force ranges, no Ne/ERNs were found after errors in execution. These errors showed a large positivity in feedback ERPs and, similar to correct responses, a prolonged negativity in response ERPs. We propose that, compared to selection errors, the time uncertainty aspects of execution errors and the resulting changing response representations prohibit error detection by the internal monitoring system responsible for generating the Ne/ERN. PMID:14696732

de Bruijn, Ellen R A; Hulstijn, Wouter; Meulenbroek, Ruud G J; Van Galen, Gerard P

2003-09-01

287

Good Research Practices for Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Alongside Clinical Trials: The ISPOR RCT-CEA Task Force Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesA growing number of prospective clinical trials include economic end points. Recognizing the variation in methodology and reporting of these studies, the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) chartered the Task Force on Good Research Practices: Randomized Clinical Trials—Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Its goal was to develop a guidance document for designing, conducting, and reporting cost-effectiveness analyses conducted as a

Scott Ramsey; Richard Willke; Andrew Briggs; Ruth Brown; Martin Buxton; Anita Chawla; John Cook; Henry Glick; Bengt Liljas; Diana Petitti; Shelby Reed

2005-01-01

288

Years of Promise: A Comprehensive Learning Strategy for America's Children. The Report of the Carnegie Task Force on Learning in the Primary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1994 the Carnegie Corporation of New York convened the Carnegie Task Force on Learning in the Primary Grades to examine all the forces that contribute to children's learning and development during the age span from 3 to 10. The 33-member group of business and political leaders, scientists, educators, researchers, and practitioners conducted…

Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.

289

Report of the Interagency Task Force on Persistent Marine Debris, May 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a definition of the marine debris problem and a charge to the task force. Presents five general recommendations concerning: federal leadership, public awareness and education program, implementation of laws, research and monitoring, and beach clean-up and monitoring. (RT)

Keeny, Timothy R. E.; Cottingham, David

1989-01-01

290

The effects of task duration on psychophysically-determined maximum acceptable weights and forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this experiment was to investigate maximum acceptable weights and forces when performing manual handling tasks continuously for four hours at frequencies of 4·3 min-1slower. Twelve female and ten male second shift industrial workers performed 18 varieties of lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, and carrying. A psychophysical methodology was employed, whereby the subjects were asked to select a workload

V. M. CIRIELLO; S. H. SNOOK; A. C. BUCK; P. L. WILKINSON

1990-01-01

291

New Directions for General Chemistry: Recommendations of the Task Force on the General Chemistry Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The task force of the American Chemical Society's Division on Chemical Education, which was formed to implement curricular change in chemical education, outlines recommendations that should be part of the curricular change process. The recommendations are divided into groups of areas altering course material and areas altering process goals of the…

Spencer, James N.; Lloyd, Baird W.

1994-01-01

292

The New Secondary Education. A Phi Delta Kappa Task Force Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intent of this report of the Phi Delta Kappa Task Force on Compulsory Education and Transitions for Youth is to offer a comprehensive model for educational change--to provide both recommendations and procedures for far-reaching change in secondary education. The author emphasizes that simple revision of existing educational systems will not…

Gibbons, Maurice

293

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on the Investment Strategy for DARPA.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines issues involved in assuring DARPA's ability to maintain the redirection of its investment portfolio as well as its ability to remain a leader in defense technology innovation. The Terms of Reference directed that the Task Force make r...

V. Vitto

1999-01-01

294

Task Force on the Education of Maryland's African-American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 9, 2003, the Task Force on the Education of Maryland's African-American Males was convened by the Maryland K-16 Leadership Council (chaired by the University System of Maryland Chancellor William E. Kirwan, former Maryland Acting Secretary of Higher Education John A. Sabatini, Jr., and Maryland State Superintendent of Schools Nancy S.…

Maryland State Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

295

Task Force on Bibliographic Access and Control, Order and Materials Processing. Final Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Task Force reviewed the specific areas of OCLC usage and costs; the full integration of systems into the HELIN\\/III environment; the question of duplication of effort and the advisability of centralizing technical services routines and responsibilities; the possibilities for streamlining processes between acquisitions and cataloging, and among technical services and the branches and Goverment Publications Office; the possibilities of

William T. OMalley

1996-01-01

296

Report by the ACNP Task Force on Response and Remission in Major Depressive Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes recommendations from the ACNP Task Force on the conceptualization of remission and its implications for defining recovery, relapse, recurrence, and response for clinical investigators and practicing clinicians. Given the strong implications of remission for better function and a better prognosis, remission is a valid, clinically relevant end point for both practitioners and investigators. Not all depressed patients,

A John Rush; Helena C Kraemer; Harold A Sackeim; Maurizio Fava; Madhukar H Trivedi; Ellen Frank; Philip T Ninan; Michael E Thase; Alan J Gelenberg; David J Kupfer; Darrel A Regier; Jerrold F Rosenbaum; Oakley Ray; Alan F Schatzberg

2006-01-01

297

Science and Technology: Tools for Progress. The Report of The President's Task Force on Science Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported are seven primary recommendations on national science policy made by the Task Force on Science Policy to the President. From a review of the Federal Government's existing science policy (in 1969), problems and opportunities considered as inputs to the legislative and executive science program for 1970 were selected. A criterion for…

Mettler, Ruben F.

298

Effects of the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) Programs on Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of participation in the Learning Opportunities Task Force (LOTF) programs on postsecondary students with learning disabilities (LDs). Data regarding 969 students from 6 colleges and 4 universities in Ontario were evaluated to investigate rates of academic success and increased self-awareness. Participants had a…

Harrison, Allyson G.; Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Freeman, John

2012-01-01

299

Unaccounted-for gas project. Leak Task Force. Volume 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The study was aimed at determining unaccounted-for (UAF) gas volumes resulting from operating Pacific Gas and Electric Co.'s transmission and distribution systems during 1987. The Leak Task Force quantified unintentional gas losses (leakage and dig-ins). Results show that 1987 gas leakage accounted for less than 5% of the operating UAF.

Cowgill, R.M.; Robertson, J.L.; Grinstead, J.R.; Luttrell, D.J.; Walden, E.R.

1990-06-07

300

Unaccounted-for gas project. Measurement Task Force (orifice meter studies). Volume 2B. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The study was aimed at determining unaccounted-for (UAF) gas volumes resulting from operating Pacific Gas and Electric Co.'s transmission and distribution systems during 1987. Activities and methods are described and results are presented for research conducted on orifice meter accuracy. The Measurement Task Force determined that orifice metering inaccuracies were the largest single contributor to 1987 UAF.

Godkin, B.J.; Robertson, J.D.; Wlasenko, R.G.; Cowgill, R.M.; Grinstead, J.R.

1990-06-01

301

A universal access layer for the Integrated Tokamak Modelling Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Integrated Tokamak Modelling (ITM) Task Force aims at providing a suite of codes for preparing and analyzing future ITER discharges. In the framework of the ITM, the universal access layer (UAL) provides the capability of storing and retrieving data involved in simulation. The underlying data structure is hierarchical and the granularity in data access is given by the definition

G. Manduchi; F. Iannone; F. Imbeaux; G. Huysmans; J. B. Lister; B. Guillerminet; P. Strand; L.-G. Eriksson; M. Romanelli

2008-01-01

302

Project Literacy U.S. (PLUS): Impact of the First Year's Task Forces. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report details an evaluation of the effects of outreach activities of Project Literacy U.S. (PLUS) on community responses to the illiteracy problem. Part A describes general findings regarding PLUS task force activities during the campaign's first year, December 1985-June 1987. Section I is an introduction; Section II describes activities…

Alamprese, Judith A.; And Others

303

Graduate Education in Physics. Report of the Joint AAPT-APS Task Force. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Graduate Education in Physics (TFGE), an ad hoc committee convened jointly by the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) and the American Physical Society (APS), has studied the current status of graduate education in physics Ph.D. programs, and has made recommendations based on what was found. The findings indicate that…

American Association of Physics Teachers (NJ1), 2006

2006-01-01

304

The Primary Program: Report from the Task Force on Improving Kentucky Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because the primary years are the point where specific changes are required in teaching practice and school organization, a task force examined Kentucky's primary program through school visits, interviews, expert testimony, and research. The last three years have shown marked improvement in student performance in the basics (reading, writing, and…

Prichard Committee for Academic Excellence, Lexington, KY.

305

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Strategic Communication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2007 Defense Science Board (DSB) Task Force on Strategic Communication has written this report within the context of a larger study, the DSB 2007 Summer Study on Challenges to Military Operations in Support of National Interests. The summer study reco...

2008-01-01

306

Time for Results: The Governors' 1991 Report on Education. Supporting Works. Task Force on Readiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The members of this task force adopted a broad approach to readiness so that issues relating to at-risk children and youth between the preschool years and graduation might be addressed. Two papers are presented: (1) "Readiness for the New Educational Standards" (Jean G. McDonald); and (2) "State Policy for At-Risk Children: Preschool to High…

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

307

A Task Force Approach to Serving Profoundly Retarded Children and Their Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A task force approach to care of profoundly retarded children includes parent counseling services. Counseling is usually limited to initial interviews in which the psychologists must explain the diagnosis, teach parents to accept the child's maturity age as the best gauge of his ability, and make parents aware that their child will require…

Graf, Mercedes; Robbins, Pearl

308

The Open Door Project Task Force: A Qualitative Study on LGBT Aging  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports formative qualitative findings from the Open Door Project (ODP), a unique program created by the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Aging Project. Data were collected from Open Door Task Force members (N = 34). This includes 4 focus groups that were held with a total of 22 participants; and key informant interviews that were conducted with

Stewart Landers; Matthew J. Mimiaga; Lisa Krinsky

2010-01-01

309

Task Force Report. State of the Art of Adult Education: CONFINTEA Follow Up. [and] Workshop Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes task force recommendations on the role of the International Council for Adult Education in monitoring achievement of adult education objectives, qualitative and quantitative indicators, and diverse data collection methods. Eleven workshop reports discuss progress on adult education policy advocacy, documentation, health care reform,…

Convergence, 2001

2001-01-01

310

Herself: Elle-Meme. Report of the Nova Scotia Task Force on the Status of Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report to the Canadian Government from the Nova Scotia Women's Task Force examines the social issues and problems pertaining to the women's movement in that province. Discussions are provided on the situations and attitudes toward homemakers, working women, marriage, divorce, child care, education, health, and political participation.…

Nova Scotia Task Force on the Status of Women, Halifax.

311

Carbon Issues Task Force Report for the Idaho Strategic Energy Alliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Carbon Issues Task Force has the responsibility to evaluate emissions reduction and carbon offset credit options, geologic carbon sequestration and carbon capture, terrestrial carbon sequestration on forest lands, and terrestrial carbon sequestration on agricultural lands. They have worked diligently to identify ways in which Idaho can position itself to benefit from potential carbon-related federal legislation, including identifying opportunities for

Travis L. Mcling

2010-01-01

312

Report of the Progress Review Committee, Task Force on Mature Students, The University of Alberta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses by various University of Alberta offices to recommendations of the Senate Task Force on Mature Students are detailed. "Mature student" is used to refer to students 23 years old or older. Attention is directed to: support services (library, offices, bookstore); choice of courses in the evening; residency requirements; registration; credit…

Alberta Univ., Edmonton. The Senate.

313

Task Force Recommendations on Student Representation in the University Senate and Campus Assemblies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Student Representation of the University of Minnesota recommended that 75 student representatives be added as voting members of the University Senate, and that the 62 student senators from the Twin Cities campus also serve as voting members of the Twin Cities Assembly. The memorandum sets forth reasons why these constitutional…

Auerbach, Carl A.

314

To Act as a System. A Statement by the SHEEO Role and Mission Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommendations concerning college role and mission that were made by the National Governors' Association (NGA) in 1986 are addressed, along with the concept of system effectiveness in higher education. In its report, "Time for Results," the National Governors' Association Task Force on College Quality asked states to clearly define the role and…

State Higher Education Executive Officers Association.

315

Assisting versus repelling force-feedback for learning of a line following task in a wheelchair.  

PubMed

Previous work has shown that training with the "assist-as-needed" method using a force-feedback joystick can improve the driving performance of children and adults. This paper is the first study to evaluate training with a repelling force versus an assisting force for learning of a line following task in a wheelchair through a force-feedback joystick. We designed a robotic training wheelchair, that can accurately localize itself in the training environment, and implemented assisting and repelling force fields on the force-feedback joystick. The training protocol included three groups. The control (CT) group received no force feedback. The assisting force (AF) group was trained using the "assist-as-needed" paradigm. The repelling force (RF) group was trained with the repelling force field. We observed that both the AF and RF groups improved their driving skills. The error reductions of both groups were not statistically different under the current setting. We believe that this pilot study could provide a promising foundation regarding the effects of a robotic wheelchair training algorithm on motor learning. PMID:23475377

Chen, Xi; Agrawal, Sunil K

2013-11-01

316

Task Force Report 5. Report of the Task Force on Family Medicine's Role in Shaping the Future Health Care Delivery System  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Recognizing that the implementation of needed changes within family medicine will be enhanced through a concurrent effort to transform the broader health care system, this Future of Family Medicine task force was charged with determining family medicine’s leadership role in shaping the future health care delivery system. METHODS After reviewing the changes taking place within family medicine and the broader health care system, this task force identified 6 priorities for fostering necessary modifications in the health care system. In addressing the leadership challenge facing the discipline, the task force presents a 3-dimensional matrix that provides a useful framework for describing the audiences that should be targeted, the strategic priorities that should be pursued, and the specific recommendations that should be addressed. Noting that leadership is part of the heritage of family medicine, the task force reviewed past successes by the discipline as important lessons that can be instructive as family physicians begin advocating for needed changes. MAJOR FINDINGS Effective leadership is an essential ingredient that will determine, to a large extent, the success of family medicine in advocating for needed change in the health care system overall and in the specialty. It is vitally important to groom leaders within family medicine and to create venues where policy makers and influence leaders can look beyond their usual constituencies and horizons to a comprehensive view of health care. A central concept being proposed is that of a relationship-centered personal medical home. This medical home serves as the focal point through which all individuals—regardless of age, gender, race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status—receive a basket of acute, chronic, and preventive medical care services that are accessible, accountable, comprehensive, integrated, patient-centered, safe, scientifically valid, and satisfying to both patients and their physicians. CONCLUSION Family medicine has and will continue to have an important leadership role in health system change. It has been most successful when it has been able to identify a high-priority goal through consensus within the discipline, to focus and coordinate local and national resources, and to use a multipronged approach in addressing the priority. Although the Future of Family Medicine project has provided an important impetus for the identification of key priorities across the discipline, for the FFM project ultimately to be a success, implementation steps will need to be identified and prioritized. The leadership matrix presented in this report can provide a useful structuring tool to identify, understand, and coordinate change efforts more effectively. Strategic alliances with primary care groups and others also will be critical to the success of change initiatives.

Roberts, Richard G.; Snape, Pam S.; Burke, Kevin

2004-01-01

317

The use of a task force to rapidly identify and resolve condenser tube failures at Diablo Canyon power plant  

SciTech Connect

Following the start-up of Diablo Canyon Power Plant, condenser tube failures began to occur at an unacceptable rate. Up to refueling outage, condenser tube failure was the single largest contributor to lost generating capacity. Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) had retubed the condenser in the mid-'70s with titanium tubes in response to environmental issues associated with the original copper/nickel tubes. Some staking of the tubes was performed then; however, the tubes were failing in nonstaked regions. In response to this problem, PG and E formed a task force to resolve the issue. In this paper, we describe the working of the task force in identifying the problem, the development of resolutions, and their implementation.

Vranicar, J.J.; Rhodes, C.P.; Clark, R.

1987-01-01

318

Analysis & commentary: The US Preventive Services Task Force should consider a broader evidence base in updating its diabetes screening guidelines.  

PubMed

Diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, is on the rise throughout the United States. Several national health organizations and professional medical societies advocate screening people in high-risk groups for diabetes. However, the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening only adults with hypertension. We examined evidence supporting screening high-risk adults, including studies using intermediate outcomes and modeling studies. We found a broad range of evidence of practical relevance to diabetes screening that merits consideration in developing new screening guidelines. This evidence could inform recommendations to expand coverage to screening of other high-risk groups and could facilitate the prevention and early treatment of diabetes. We recommend that the US Preventive Services Task Force consider these expanded sources of evidence and revise its recommendations accordingly. PMID:22232092

Villarivera, Christel; Wolcott, Julie; Jain, Anjali; Zhang, Yiduo; Goodman, Clifford

2012-01-01

319

A report from the pediatric formulations task force: perspectives on the state of child-friendly oral dosage forms.  

PubMed

Despite the fact that a significant percentage of the population is unable to swallow tablets and capsules, these dosage forms continue to be the default standard. These oral formulations fail many patients, especially children, because of large tablet or capsule size, poor palatability, and lack of correct dosage strength. The clinical result is often lack of adherence and therapeutic failure. The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists formed a Pediatric Formulations Task Force, consisting of members with various areas of expertise including pediatrics, formulation development, clinical pharmacology, and regulatory science, in order to identify pediatric, manufacturing, and regulatory issues and areas of needed research and regulatory guidance. Dosage form and palatability standards for all pediatric ages, relative bioavailability requirements, and small batch manufacturing capabilities and creation of a viable economic model were identified as particular needs. This assessment is considered an important first step for a task force seeking creative approaches to providing more appropriate oral formulations for children. PMID:23907486

Zajicek, Anne; Fossler, Michael J; Barrett, Jeffrey S; Worthington, Jeffrey H; Ternik, Robert; Charkoftaki, Georgia; Lum, Susan; Breitkreutz, Jörg; Baltezor, Mike; Macheras, Panos; Khan, Mansoor; Agharkar, Shreeram; MacLaren, David Douglas

2013-10-01

320

Development of Relational Processing in Hot and Cool Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research investigated the role of complexity and the hot–cool distinction in cognitive development. The 120, 3- to 6-year-old children completed four hot tasks, which involved an affective component and three cool tasks, which did not. All tasks included binary- and ternary-relational items. Complexity was a major source of difficulty on all tasks, especially for younger children. Consistent with a

Katie M. Bunch; Glenda Andrews

2012-01-01

321

Visuomotor processing and hand force coordination in dyslexic children during a visually guided manipulation task.  

PubMed

Developmental Dyslexia negatively affects children's reading and writing ability and, in most cases, performance in sensorimotor tasks. These deficits have been associated with structural and functional alterations in the cerebellum and the posterior parietal cortex (PPC). Both neural structures are active during visually guided force control and in the coordination of load force (LF) and grip force (GF) during manipulation tasks. Surprisingly, both phenomena have not been investigated in dyslexic children. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare dyslexic and non-dyslexic children regarding their visuomotor processing ability and GF-LF coordination during a static manipulation task. Thirteen dyslexic (8-14YO) and 13 age- and sex-matched non-dyslexic (control) children participated in the study. They were asked to grasp a fixed instrumented handle using the tip of all digits and pull the handle upward exerting isometric force to match a ramp-and-hold force profile displayed in a computer monitor. Task performance (i.e., visuomotor coordination) was assessed by RMSE calculated in both ramp and hold phases. GF-LF coordination was assessed by the ratio between GF and LF (GF/LF) calculated at both phases and the maximum value of a cross-correlation function (rmax) and its respective time lag calculated at ramp phase. The results revealed that the RMSE at both phases was larger in dyslexic than in control children. However, we found that GF/LF, rmax, and time lags were similar between groups. Those findings indicate that dyslexic children have a mild deficit in visuomotor processing but preserved GF-LF coordination. Altogether, these findings suggested that dyslexic children could present mild structural and functional alterations in specific PPC or cerebellum areas that are directly related to visuomotor processing. PMID:24960554

de Freitas, Paulo B; Pedão, Sabrina T; Barela, Jose A

2014-10-01

322

Child Abuse and Neglect: Alternatives for State Legislation. Report No. 6 of the Early Childhood Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1970 the early childhood task force of the Education Commission of the States (ECS) has worked to encourage states to focus attention on the quality of the life of children. As the task force explored the subject of child abuse, it quickly realized the need for: (1) better state programs for the prevention, identification and treatment of…

Fraser, Brian G.

323

Task Force on the Role of General Education in Associate Science Degree Programs. Final Report and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1989-90, the General Education Task Force of the Wisconsin Technical College System (WTCS) was convened to determine the role of the general education curriculum in the attainment of skills that enhance the likelihood of success among technical college graduates in their careers, homes and communities. The Task Force consisted of at least one…

Weyers, Lori; Langerman, Philip

324

Report and Recommendations of the Governor's Task Force on the Mental Health of Juvenile Offenders. Final Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Governor's Task Force on the Mental Health of Juvenile Offenders in the state of Pennsylvania conducted a statewide survey of facilities for the care, treatment, and rehabilitation of adolescents between 12 and 18 years of age. The Task Force surveyed mental hospitals, community-based services, private psychiatric treatment centers, youth…

Pennsylvania State Dept. of Public Welfare, Harrisburg.

325

Defense Science Board Task Force on The Role and Status of DoD Red Teaming Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Task Force was charged to examine the use of red teams in the Department of Defense and recommend ways that such teams could be of greater value to the department. Our Terms of Reference and task force membership are provided in Appendices 1 and 2. Ou...

2003-01-01

326

Treating rheumatoid arthritis to target: recommendations of an international task force  

PubMed Central

Background Aiming at therapeutic targets has reduced the risk of organ failure in many diseases such as diabetes or hypertension. Such targets have not been defined for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Objective To develop recommendations for achieving optimal therapeutic outcomes in RA. Methods A task force of rheumatologists and a patient developed a set of recommendations on the basis of evidence derived from a systematic literature review and expert opinion; these were subsequently discussed, amended and voted upon by >60 experts from various regions of the world in a Delphi-like procedure. Levels of evidence, strength of recommendations and levels of agreement were derived. Results The treat-to-target activity resulted in 10 recommendations. The treatment aim was defined as remission with low disease activity being an alternative goal in patients with long-standing disease. Regular follow-up (every 1–3 months during active disease) with appropriate therapeutic adaptation to reach the desired state within 3 to a maximum of 6 months was recommended. Follow-up examinations ought to employ composite measures of disease activity which include joint counts. Additional items provide further details for particular aspects of the disease. Levels of agreement were very high for many of these recommendations (?9/10). Conclusion The 10 recommendations are supposed to inform patients, rheumatologists and other stakeholders about strategies to reach optimal outcomes of RA based on evidence and expert opinion.

Smolen, Josef S; Aletaha, Daniel; Bijlsma, Johannes W J; Breedveld, Ferdinand C; Boumpas, Dimitrios; Burmester, Gerd; Combe, Bernard; Cutolo, Maurizio; de Wit, Maarten; Dougados, Maxime; Emery, Paul; Gibofsky, Alan; Gomez-Reino, Juan Jesus; Haraoui, Boulos; Kalden, Joachim; Keystone, Edward C; Kvien, Tore K; McInnes, Iain; Martin-Mola, Emilio; Montecucco, Carlomaurizio; Schoels, Monika; van der Heijde, Desiree

2010-01-01

327

The effect of tool handle shape on hand muscle load and pinch force in a simulated dental scaling task.  

PubMed

Work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders, including carpal tunnel syndrome, are prevalent among dentists and dental hygienists. An important risk factor for developing these disorders is forceful pinching which occurs during periodontal work such as dental scaling. Ergonomically designed dental scaling instruments may help reduce the prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome among dental practitioners. In this study, eight custom-designed dental scaling instruments with different handle shapes were used by 24 dentists and dental hygienists to perform a simulated tooth scaling task. The muscle activity of two extensors and two flexors in the forearm was recorded with electromyography while thumb pinch force was measured by pressure sensors. The results demonstrated that the instrument handle with a tapered, round shape and a 10 mm diameter required the least muscle load and pinch force when performing simulated periodontal work. The results from this study can guide dentists and dental hygienists in selection of dental scaling instruments. PMID:17156742

Dong, Hui; Loomer, Peter; Barr, Alan; Laroche, Charles; Young, Ed; Rempel, David

2007-09-01

328

PWR FLECHT SEASET unblocked bundle, forced and gravity reflood task data report. Volume 2. Appendix C  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data from the Unblocked Bundle, Forced and Gravity Reflood Task of the Full-Length Emergency Core Heat Transfer Separate Effects and Systems Effects Tests (FLECHT SEASET) program. The tests consisted of forced and gravity reflood experiments and steam cooling tests, using electrical heater rods to simulate current nuclear fuel arrays (similar to Westinghouse 17 x 17 assemblies) of PWR and PWR fuel vendors. Data obtained include rod clad temperatures, turnaround and quench times, heat transfer coefficients, inlet flooding rates, overall mass balance, differential pressures and calculated void fractions in the test section, thimble wall and steam temperatures, and exhaust steam and liquid carryover rates.

Loftus, M.J.; Hochreiter, L.E.; Conway, C.E.; Dodge, C.E.; Tong, A.; Rosal, E.R.; Valkovic, M.M.; Wong, S.

1981-09-01

329

PWR FLECHT SEASET unblocked bundle, forced and gravity reflood task data report. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data from the Unblocked Bundle, Forced and Gravity Reflood Task of the Full-Length Emergency Core Heat Transfer Separate Effects and Systems Effects Tests (FLECHT SEASET) program. The tests consisted of forced and gravity reflood experiments and steam cooling tests, using electrical heater rods to simulate current nuclear fuel arrays (similar to Westinghouse 17 x 17 assemblies) of PWR and PWR fuel vendors. Data obtained include rod clad temperatures, turnaround and quench times, heat transfer coefficients, inlet flooding rates, overall mass balance, differential pressures and calculated void fractions in the test section, thimble wall and steam temperatures, and exhaust steam and liquid carryover rates.

Loftus, M.J.; Hochreiter, L.E.; Conway, C.E.; Dodge, C.E.; Tong, A.; Rosal, E.R.; Valkovic, M.M.; Wong, S.

1981-09-01

330

U.S. Department of Justice: Task Force for Faith-based & Community Initiatives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On January 29, 2001, President George W. Bush issued two executive orders related to faith-based and community organizations. The first established a base of operations within the White House for such initiatives, and the second established centers within various cabinet- level departments, including the Department of Justice (DOJ). As the latter's website notes, "The Task Force's purpose is to promote good works by neighbors, particularly in the areas of juvenile delinquency, prisoners and their families, victims of crime, domestic violence, and drug addiction/treatment/prevention." Visitors to the site can learn about funding opportunities administered by the DOJ and also read some of its publications, such as "Moving Beyond the Walls: Faith and Justice Partnerships Working for High Risk Youth". Interested parties may also want to look at the Task Force's FAQ section and sign up to receive email updates.

331

AGU's new task force on scientific ethics and integrity begins work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In support of the new strategic plan, AGU has established a new task force to review, evaluate, and update the Union's policies on scientific misconduct and the process for investigating and responding to allegations of possible misconduct by AGU members. As noted by AGU president Michael McPhaden, “AGU can only realize its vision of ‘collaboratively advancing and communicating science and its power to ensure a sustainable future’ if we have the trust of the public and policy makers. That trust is earned by maintaining the highest standards of scientific integrity in all that we do. The work of the Task Force on Scientific Ethics is essential for defining norms of professional conduct that all our members can aspire to and that demonstrate AGU's unwavering commitment to excellence in Earth and space science.”

Gleick, Peter; Townsend, Randy

2011-11-01

332

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on small intercontinental ballistic missile modernization. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force considered a range of ICBM and basing alternatives, with emphasis on the question of survivability and stability. The principal deployments analyzed were: (1) 500 Small ICBMs (SICBMs) deployed in Hard Mobile Launchers (HMLs) on four existing U.S. Government complexes in the Southwest; (2) 50 MX ICBMs deployed in a variable number of superhard silos (patterned array); and d(3) 50 MX ICBMs deployed in carry hard configuration, i.e., in hardened cannisters deployed among a large number of low-cost vertical shelters. The Task Force concluded that there is at least one SICBM basing mode -- and possibly one or more MX basing modes -- which, although costly, have a high degree of survivability and accordingly are suitable candidates for deployment by the U.S.

Not Available

1986-03-01

333

Government Information Locator Service (GILS). Draft report to the Information Infrastructure Task Force  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is a draft report on the Government Information Locator Service (GILS) to the National Information Infrastructure (NII) task force. GILS is designed to take advantage of internetworking technology known as client-server architecture which allows information to be distributed among multiple independent information servers. Two appendices are provided -- (1) A glossary of related terminology and (2) extracts from a draft GILS profile for the use of the American National Standard Information Retrieval Application Service Definition and Protocol Specification for Library Applications.

1994-01-01

334

75 FR 59698 - Federal Advisory Committee; Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Under the provisions of section 724 of Public Law 111-84, the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972, (5 U.S.C. Appendix), the Government in the Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b), and 41 CFR 102- 3.50, the Department of Defense gives notice that it is establishing the charter for the Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded, Ill, and......

2010-09-28

335

Comparison of ambulatory blood pressure and Task Force criteria to identify pediatric hypertension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess the level of agreement between central European ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM)\\u000a and American Task Force (TF) criteria when applied to blood pressure (BP) measurements collected by ABPM to evaluate patients\\u000a with hypertension. In 169 patients, we applied both sets of criteria and calculated mean daytime and nighttime BP and daytime\\u000a BP

Leila N. Díaz; Eduardo H. Garin

2007-01-01

336

Unaccounted-for gas project. Accounting Task Force. Volume 1. Energy delivery and control. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The study was conducted to determine unaccounted-for (UAF) gas volumes resulting from operating Pacific Gas and Electric (PG E) Co.'s transmission and distribution systems during 1987. The Accounting Task Force analyzed purchases and transport received, sales and transport delivered, interdepartmental sales, and gas department use to determine the effect on UAF. Findings show that accounting adjustments and cycle billing have a major impact on the 1987 operating UAF.

Luttrell, D.J.; Nelson, F.A.; Peterson, J.D.; Cowgill, R.M.; Waller, R.L.

1990-06-01

337

Robotic execution of everyday tasks by means of external vision\\/force control  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we present an integrated manipulation framework for a service robot, that allows to interact with articulated\\u000a objects at home environments through the coupling of vision and force modalities. We consider a robot which is observing simultaneously\\u000a his hand and the object to manipulate, by using an external camera (i.e. robot head). Task-oriented grasping algorithms (Proc\\u000a of IEEE

Mario Prats; Philippe Martinet; Angel P. del Pobil; Sukhan Lee

2008-01-01

338

Competition, cooperation, satisfaction, and the performance of complex tasks among air force cadets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-eight U.S. Air Force Academy cadets were studied to examine the effects of individual attitudes and organizational reward\\u000a structures on the performance of a complex, integrative task. An attitudinal survey was used to measure each subject’s preference\\u000a for cooperative or competitive situations. Distinctly different group environments were created by giving four groups of six\\u000a subjectscompetitive instructions and another four groupscooperative

David B. Porter; Megan E. Bird; Arthur Wunder

1990-01-01

339

Is the thumb a fifth finger? A study of digit interaction during force production tasks  

PubMed Central

We studied indices of digit interaction in single- and multi-digit maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) tests when the thumb acted either in parallel or in opposition to the fingers. The peak force produced by the thumb was much higher when the thumb acted in opposition to the fingers and its share of the total force in the five-digit MVC test increased dramatically. The fingers showed relatively similar peak forces and unchanged sharing patterns in the four-finger MVC task when the thumb acted in parallel and in opposition to the fingers. Enslaving during one-digit tasks showed relatively mild differences between the two conditions, while the differences became large when enslaving was quantified for multi-digit tasks. Force deficit was pronounced when the thumb acted in parallel to the fingers; it showed a monotonic increase with the number of explicitly involved digits up to four digits and then a drop when all five digits were involved. Force deficit all but disappeared when the thumb acted in opposition to the fingers. However, for both thumb positions, indices of digit interaction were similar for groups of digits that did or did not include the thumb. These results suggest that, given a certain hand configuration, the central nervous system treats the thumb as a fifth finger. They provide strong support for the hypothesis that indices of digit interaction reflect neural factors, not the peripheral design of the hand. An earlier formal model was able to account for the data when the thumb acted in parallel to the fingers. However, it failed for the data with the thumb acting in opposition to the fingers.

Olafsdottir, Halla; Zatsiorsky, Vladimir M.; Latash, Mark L.

2010-01-01

340

The Task as a Unit for Teacher Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes tasks designed for teaching and shows how the analysis can be used to develop tasks for teacher training. The ideas presented are derived from observations and recordings from an in-service teacher development project in elementary classrooms in Malta and Norway and in secondary classrooms in Britain. (eight references) (Author/CK)

Cameron, Lynne

1997-01-01

341

Air Force Training for Instructional Systems Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Detailed information is provided about the Air Force Instructional System Development (ISD) Model to supplement the 1979 AECT presentation made in New Orleans. Information of interest to instructional systems designers includes (1) a short overview of the...

R. B. Calkins

1979-01-01

342

An overview of the activities of the OECD/NEA Task Force on adapting computer codes in nuclear applications to parallel architectures  

SciTech Connect

Subsequent to the introduction of High Performance Computing in the developed countries, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) created the Task Force on Adapting Computer Codes in Nuclear Applications to Parallel Architectures (under the guidance of the Nuclear Science Committee`s Working Party on Advanced Computing) to study the growth area in supercomputing and its applicability to the nuclear community`s computer codes. The result has been four years of investigation for the Task Force in different subject fields - deterministic and Monte Carlo radiation transport, computational mechanics and fluid dynamics, nuclear safety, atmospheric models and waste management.

Kirk, B.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Sartori, E. [OCDE/OECD NEA Data Bank, Issy-les-Moulineaux (France); Viedma, L.G. de [Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear, Madrid (Spain)

1997-06-01

343

Effect of friction and load on pinch force in a hand transfer task.  

PubMed

The effect of friction and load on pinch force was studied in a simple hand transfer task using a repeated measures design and ten men. Subjects moved a container between two targets, 450 mm apart, at a slow, self-paced speed. The levels of mass in the container were set at 0.8, 2.5 and 4.2 kg (7.5, 24.5 and 41.5 N respectively). The handle materials were sandpaper and smooth aluminum. Applied pinch force was measured via a strain gauge mounted in a specially-designed handle attached to the container. Dependent variables were peak and 'steady-state' pinch force. The main and interaction effects of load and friction were significant. The friction effect was significant only for the highest load which, on average, elicited peak pinch forces of 16-70% of maximum voluntary force. This suggests that these men were not sensitive to friction effects at the lower loads. Results suggest that the use of tool handle friction enhancements may reduce required pinch forces for objects requiring upwards of 50% or more of maximum pinch strength. PMID:8586074

Frederick, L J; Armstrong, T J

1995-12-01

344

End of the Road: Rural America's Poor Students and Poor Schools. National Rural, Small Schools Task Force Report to the Regional Educational Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the nation, more than 2.2 million children attend 2,750 rural school districts that suffer from chronic, severe poverty. The National Rural Small Schools Task Force oversees nine regional educational laboratories as they identify and develop promising educational practices for rural, small schools. One laboratory developed a data base…

Council for Educational Development and Research, Washington, DC.

345

High force reaching task induces widespread inflammation, increased spinal cord neurochemicals and neuropathic pain.  

PubMed

Repetitive strain injuries (RSI), which include several musculoskeletal disorders and nerve compression injuries, are associated with performance of repetitive and forceful tasks. In this study, we examined in young, adult Sprague-Dawley rats, the effects of performing a voluntary, moderate repetition, high force (MRHF; nine reaches/min; 60% maximum pulling force) task for 12 weeks on motor behavior and nerve function, inflammatory responses in forearm musculoskeletal and nerve tissues and serum, and neurochemical immunoexpression in cervical spinal cord dorsal horns. We observed no change in reach rate, but reduced voluntary participation and grip strength in week 12, and increased cutaneous sensitivity in weeks 6 and 12, the latter indicative of mechanical allodynia. Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) decreased 15% in the median nerve in week 12, indicative of low-grade nerve compression. ED-1 cells increased in distal radius and ulna in week 12, and in the median nerve and forearm muscles and tendons in weeks 6 and 12. Cytokines IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-10 increased in distal forearm bones in week 12, while IL-6 increased in tendon in week 12. However, serum analysis revealed only increased TNF-alpha in week 6 and macrophage inflammatory protein 3a (MIP3a) in weeks 6 and 12. Lastly, Substance P and neurokinin-1 were both increased in weeks 6 and 12 in the dorsal horns of cervical spinal cord segments. These results show that a high force, but moderate repetition task, induced declines in motor and nerve function as well as peripheral and systemic inflammatory responses (albeit the latter was mild). The peripheral inflammatory responses were associated with signs of central sensitization (mechanical allodynia and increased neurochemicals in spinal cord dorsal horns). PMID:19032977

Elliott, M B; Barr, A E; Clark, B D; Amin, M; Amin, S; Barbe, M F

2009-01-23

346

High force reaching task induces widespread inflammation, increased spinal cord neurochemicals and neuropathic pain  

PubMed Central

Repetitive strain injuries (RSI), which include several musculoskeletal disorders and nerve compression injuries, are associated with performance of repetitive and forceful tasks. In this study, we examined the effects of performing a voluntary, moderate repetition, high force (MRHF; 9 reaches/min; 60% maximum pulling force) task for 12 weeks on motor behavior and nerve function, inflammatory responses in forearm musculoskeletal and nerve tissues and serum, and neurochemical immunoexpression in cervical spinal cord dorsal horns. We observed no change in reach rate, but reduced voluntary participation and grip strength in week 12, and increased cutaneous sensitivity in weeks 6 and 12, the latter indicative of mechanical allodynia. Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) decreased 15% in the median nerve in week 12, indicative of low-grade nerve compression. ED-1 cells increased in distal radius and ulna in week 12, and in the median nerve and forearm muscles and tendons in weeks 6 and 12. Cytokines IL-1?, IL-1?, TNF-?, and IL-10 increased in distal forearm bones in week 12, while IL-6 increased in tendon in week 12. However, serum analysis revealed only increased TNF-? in week 6 and macrophage inflammatory protein 3a (MIP3a) in weeks 6 and 12. Lastly, Substance P and neurokinin-1 were both increased in weeks 6 and 12 in the dorsal horns of cervical spinal cord segments. These results show that a high force, but moderate repetition task, induced declines in motor and nerve function as well as peripheral and systemic inflammatory responses (albeit the latter was mild). The peripheral inflammatory responses were associated with signs of central sensitization (mechanical allodynia and increased neurochemicals in spinal cord dorsal horns).

Elliott, Melanie B.; Barr, Ann E.; Clark, Brian D.; Amin, Mamta; Amin, Shreya; Barbe, Mary F.

2009-01-01

347

Assessment of Hand Function Through the Coordination of Contact Forces in Manipulation Tasks  

PubMed Central

Exploration of force coordination has been one of the most often used approaches in studies of hand function. When holding and manipulating a hand-held object healthy individuals are typically able to highly coordinate the perpendicular (grip force; GF) with the tangential component of the contact force (load force; LF). The purpose of this review is to present the findings of our recent studies of GF-LF coordination. Regarding the mechanical factors affecting GF-LF coordination, our data suggest that both different hand segments and their particular skin areas could have markedly different friction properties. It also appears that the absolute, rather than relative safety margin (i.e., how much the actual GF exceeds the minimum value that prevents slipping) should be a variable of choice when assessing the applied magnitude of GF. The safety margin could also be lower in static than in free holding tasks. Regarding the involved neural factors, the data suggest that the increased frequency, rather than an increased range of a cyclic LF could have a prominent detrimental effect on the GF-LF coordination. Finally, it appears that the given instructions (e.g., ‘to hold’ vs. ‘to pull’) can prominently alter GF-LF coordination in otherwise identical manipulation tasks. Conversely, the effects of handedness could be relatively week showing only slight lagging of GF in the non-dominant, but not in the dominant hand. The presented findings reveal important aspects of hand function as seen through GF-LF coordination. Specifically, the use of specific hand areas for grasping, calculation of particular safety margins, the role of LF frequency (but not of LF range) and the effects of given instructions should be all taken into account when conducting future studies of manipulation tasks, standardizing their procedures and designing routine clinical tests of hand function.

Jaric, Slobodan; Uygur, Mehmet

2013-01-01

348

Fifth Report of the NASA Advisory Council Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir Rendezvous and Docking Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Advisory Council Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir rendezvous and docking missions examine a number of specific issues related to the Shuttle-Mir program. Three teams composed of Task Force members and technical advisors were formed to address the follow issues: preliminary results from STS-71 and the status of preparations for STS-74; NASA's presence in Russia; and NASA's automated data processing and telecommunications (ADP/T) infrastructure in Russia. The three review team reports have been included in the fifth report of the Task Force.

1995-01-01

349

The International Neuroblastoma Risk Group (INRG) Staging System: An INRG Task Force Report  

PubMed Central

Purpose The International Neuroblastoma Risk Group (INRG) classification system was developed to establish a consensus approach for pretreatment risk stratification. Because the International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) is a postsurgical staging system, a new clinical staging system was required for the INRG pretreatment risk classification system. Methods To stage patients before any treatment, the INRG Task Force, consisting of neuroblastoma experts from Australia/New Zealand, China, Europe, Japan, and North America, developed a new INRG staging system (INRGSS) based on clinical criteria and image-defined risk factors (IDRFs). To investigate the impact of IDRFs on outcome, survival analyses were performed on 661 European patients with INSS stages 1, 2, or 3 disease for whom IDRFs were known. Results In the INGRSS, locoregional tumors are staged L1 or L2 based on the absence or presence of one or more of 20 IDRFs, respectively. Metastatic tumors are defined as stage M, except for stage MS, in which metastases are confined to the skin, liver, and/or bone marrow in children younger than 18 months of age. Within the 661-patient cohort, IDRFs were present (ie, stage L2) in 21% of patients with stage 1, 45% of patients with stage 2, and 94% of patients with stage 3 disease. Patients with INRGSS stage L2 disease had significantly lower 5-year event-free survival than those with INRGSS stage L1 disease (78% ± 4% v 90% ± 3%; P = .0010). Conclusion Use of the new staging (INRGSS) and risk classification (INRG) of neuroblastoma will greatly facilitate the comparison of risk-based clinical trials conducted in different regions of the world.

Monclair, Tom; Brodeur, Garrett M.; Ambros, Peter F.; Brisse, Herve J.; Cecchetto, Giovanni; Holmes, Keith; Kaneko, Michio; London, Wendy B.; Matthay, Katherine K.; Nuchtern, Jed G.; von Schweinitz, Dietrich; Simon, Thorsten; Cohn, Susan L.; Pearson, Andrew D.J.

2009-01-01

350

Ricerche paleoclimatiche in ambiente lacustre: il contributo della task force Ambiente Globale e Cambiamenti Climatici. (Paleoclimatic investigations in lacustrine basins: Contribution of task force global environment and climatic change).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the last ten years, paleoclimatic investigations on several crateric, volcano-tectonic, intermontane, and ephemeral lakes of central-southern Italy have been carried out by the researchers of the Global Environment and Climatic Changes Task Force of th...

C. Giraudi B. Narcisi

1994-01-01

351

Complex Tasks Force Hand Laterality and Technological Behaviour in Naturalistically Housed Chimpanzees: Inferences in Hominin Evolution  

PubMed Central

Clear hand laterality patterns in humans are widely accepted. However, humans only elicit a significant hand laterality pattern when performing complementary role differentiation (CRD) tasks. Meanwhile, hand laterality in chimpanzees is weaker and controversial. Here we have reevaluated our results on hand laterality in chimpanzees housed in naturalistic environments at Fundació Mona (Spain) and Chimfunshi Wild Orphanage (Zambia). Our results show that the difference between hand laterality in humans and chimpanzees is not as great as once thought. Furthermore, we found a link between hand laterality and task complexity and also an even more interesting connection: CRD tasks elicited not only the hand laterality but also the use of tools. This paper aims to turn attention to the importance of this threefold connection in human evolution: the link between CRD tasks, hand laterality, and tool use, which has important evolutionary implications that may explain the development of complex behaviour in early hominins.

Mosquera, M.; Geribas, N.; Bargallo, A.; Llorente, M.; Riba, D.

2012-01-01

352

Report of the Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force. Volume 2. The Role of Material Control and Material Accounting in the Safeguards Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Material Control and Material Accounting Task Force defined the roles, objectives, and goals of material control and material accounting within the domestic Safeguards Program for licensed strategic special nuclear material (SSNM). The Task Force then...

F. L. Crane W. D. Altman W. B. Brown R. J. Dube J. W. Hockert

1978-01-01

353

Direct space-charge effects on the ILC damping rings: Task ForceReport  

SciTech Connect

In 2005 a global effort was initiated to conduct studies for a baseline recommendation for the various components of the International Linear Collider (ILC). Work for the damping rings was subdivided in a number of tasks. This Report contains the contribution to this effort by the Authors as Coordinators of the Task Force on space charge. (A slightly reduced version of this document can also be found as part of the ''Configuration Studies and Recommendations for the ILC Damping Rings'', Edts. A. Wolski, et al., LBNL-59449.) The studies documented in this Report were carried out for several of the reference lattices considered for the baseline recommendation. Space charge effects were found to be quite noticeable in the lattices with the longest circumference. Although it does not appear that they could prevent operation of any machine having such lattices they do favor a choice of a ring design with shorter ({approx}6km) circumference at 5 GeV.

Venturini, Marco; Oide, Katsunobu

2006-02-28

354

New Task Force Aimed at Improving Coordination of Great Lakes Restoration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Great Lakes Interagency Task Force, established on 18 May by an executive order signed by President George W. Bush, is tasked with better coordinating federal, state, and international efforts in restoration and environmental protection for the lakes, as well as better coordination of federally-funded scientific research associated with the Great Lakes system. There are currently 148 federal and 51 state programs that fund environmental restoration activities in the Great Lakes Basin, according to the U.S. General Accounting office. In an April 2003 report, however, the GAO found that there are several disparate regional strategies in use for this purpose, and that ``these strategies are not coordinated in a way that ensures effective use of limited resources.''

Showstack, Randy

2004-06-01

355

14th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies Task Force report on obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome.  

PubMed

Pregnancy morbidity is one of the clinical manifestations used for classification criteria of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). During the 14th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies (aPL), a Task Force with internationally-known experts was created to carry out a critical appraisal of the literature available regarding the association of aPL with obstetric manifestations present in actual classification criteria (recurrent early miscarriage, fetal death, preeclampsia and placental insufficiency) and the quality of the evidence that treatment(s) provide benefit in terms of avoiding recurrent adverse obstetric outcomes. The association of infertility with aPL and the effectiveness of the treatment of patients with infertility and positive aPL was also investigated. This report presents current knowledge and limitations of published studies regarding pregnancy morbidity, infertility and aPL, identifying areas that need better investigative efforts and proposing how critical flaws could be avoided in future studies, as suggested by participants of the Task Force. Except for fetal death, there are limitations in the quality of the data supporting the association of aPL with obstetric complications included in the current APS classification criteria. Recommended treatments for all pregnancy morbidity associated to APS also lack well-designed studies to confirm its efficacy. APL does not seem to be associated with infertility and treatment does not improve the outcomes in infertile patients with aPL. In another section of the Task Force, Dr. Jane Salmon reviewed complement-mediated inflammation in reproductive failure in APS, considering new therapeutic targets to obstetric APS (Ob APS). PMID:24650941

de Jesus, Guilherme R; Agmon-Levin, Nancy; Andrade, Carlos A; Andreoli, Laura; Chighizola, Cecilia B; Porter, T Flint; Salmon, Jane; Silver, Robert M; Tincani, Angela; Branch, D Ware

2014-08-01

356

Deinstitutionalization and the Community: The Interagency Task Force on Problems of Deinstitutionalization and the Chronically Mentally Ill.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report of an interagency task force established by the Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Alcoholism Services in New York City contains recommendations to improve predischarge planning, income support, residential option, and communi...

1978-01-01

357

Analysis and Research Status of Severe Core Damage Accidents. Report by Severe Core Damage Accident Research and Analysis Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Severe Core Damage Research and Analysis Task Force was established in Nuclear Safety Research Center, Tokai Research Establishment, JAERI, in May, 1982 to make a quantitative analysis on the issues related with the severe core damage accident and als...

1984-01-01

358

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Mission Impact of Foreign Influence on DoD Software.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Science Board (DSB) Task Force on Mission Impact of Foreign Influence on DoD Software examined areas in software security, security architecture, and risk mitigation and received briefings from industry, academia, and a number of Defense agenc...

2007-01-01

359

76 FR 63927 - Interagency Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance (ITFAR): An Update on A Public Health Action...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Resistance (ITFAR): An Update on A Public Health Action Plan to Combat Antimicrobial...accomplishing activities outlined in A Public Health Action Plan to Combat Antimicrobial...increasing importance of AR as a public health threat. The Task Force is...

2011-10-14

360

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Improved Application of Intelligence to the Battlefield. May - July 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1996 Defense Science Board (DSB) Task Force on 'Improved Application of Intelligence to the Battlefield' submits this report to document its work, findings and recommendations, which extends and refines the prior year's study on the same subject. The ...

C. Grandy

1996-01-01

361

78 FR 13100 - Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF-535...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 753; NRC-2012-0280] Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF-535...to Address Advanced Fuel Designs,'' for plant-specific adoption using the Consolidated Line Item Improvement Process...

2013-02-26

362

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Defense Science and Technology Base for the 21st Century.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines issues involved in assuring that the United States has an adequate technology base to maintain military superiority into the 21st Century. The Terms of Reference directed that the Task Force make recommendations on the funding, manage...

1998-01-01

363

Prenatal Screening for HIV: A Review of the Evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Each year in the United States, 6000 to 7000 women with HIV give birth. The management and outcomes of prenatal HIV infection have changed substantially since the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force issued recommendations in 1996.

A. K. Smits L. H. Huffman P. T. Korthuis R. Chou R. Fu

2005-01-01

364

Markle Foundation: The Task Force on National Security in the Information Age  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The main feature of this Web site is the report titled "Protecting America's Freedom in the Information Age," released in October 2002. It examines how to effectively use information technology to collect and analyze information pertinent to national security. The report states that current government practices are insufficient in this area, and it is laden with recommendations for improving the situation. The task force's final findings and views are expressed in the first part of the report, some analyses of various working groups are given in the second part, and the final part is a collection of background research articles. Other sections of the site mainly constitute supporting documents for the report.

365

Air Force ALP AEF Initiative Wing-Level Cluster Development and Demonstration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to describe the results for the Air Force ALP AEF Initiative Wing-Level Cluster Development and Demonstration task jointly sponsored by the Logistics Readiness Branch of the Air Force Research Laboratories (AFRL/HESR) and D...

N. J. Stute C. S. Allen C. K. Colby

2001-01-01

366

Is the Go/No-Go Lexical Decision Task Preferable to the Yes/No Task with Developing Readers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lexical decision task is probably the most common laboratory visual word identification task together with the naming task. In the usual setup, participants need to press the "yes" button when the stimulus is a word and the "no" button when the stimulus is not a word. A number of studies have employed this task with developing readers;…

Moret-Tatay, Carmen; Perea, Manuel

2011-01-01

367

Air Force cryocooler development for spacecraft  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An overview is given of Air Force sponsored cryocooler development for long duration spacecraft missions. Alternate approaches are being pursued to insure eventual success. The types of closed cycle cryocoolers that are now in advanced development include Vuilleumier, turbo-Brayton, and rotary-reciprocating refrigerators. Linear Stirling coolers with magnetic bearings have also been jointly sponsored by NASA and the Air Force. Technology is also being explored for future coolers using magnetic materials at low temperatures and for refrigerators with sorption compresssors. All of these cryocoolers are presently configured primarily for use with infrared sensor systems, but the designs could be adapted for use with cryogenic fluid storage systems or other applications.

Haskin, William L.

1987-09-01

368

Air Force cryocooler development for spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview is given of Air Force sponsored cryocooler development for long duration spacecraft missions. Alternate approaches are being pursued to insure eventual success. The types of closed cycle cryocoolers that are now in advanced development include Vuilleumier, turbo-Brayton, and rotary-reciprocating refrigerators. Linear Stirling coolers with magnetic bearings have also been jointly sponsored by NASA and the Air Force. Technology is also being explored for future coolers using magnetic materials at low temperatures and for refrigerators with sorption compresssors. All of these cryocoolers are presently configured primarily for use with infrared sensor systems, but the designs could be adapted for use with cryogenic fluid storage systems or other applications.

Haskin, William L.

1987-01-01

369

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Cambridge, Massachusetts, April 7, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

370

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Kansas City, Missouri, December 1, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

371

Clinical practice guidelines for support of the family in the patient-centered intensive care unit: American College of Critical Care Medicine Task Force 2004???2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To develop clinical practice guidelines for the sup- port of the patient and family in the adult, pediatric, or neonatal patient-centered ICU. Participants: A multidisciplinary task force of experts in crit- ical care practice was convened from the membership of the American College of Critical Care Medicine (ACCM) and the Soci- ety of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) to include

Judy E. Davidson; Karen Powers; Kamyar M. Hedayat; Mark Tieszen; Alexander A. Kon; Eric Shepard; Vicki Spuhler; I. David Todres; Mitchell Levy; Juliana Barr; Raj Ghandi; Gregory Hirsch; Deborah Armstrong

2007-01-01

372

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Albuquerque, New Mexico, September 22, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

373

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Baltimore, Maryland, May 4, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

374

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Carson, California, January 14, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

375

76 FR 66763 - Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF-510...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2011-0136] Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force...evaluation (SE) for plant-specific adoption of Technical Specifications (TS) Task...expedited approval of plant-specific adoption of TSTF- 510, Revision 2. This...

2011-10-27

376

Defense Science Board 1998 Summer Study Task Force on DoD Logistics Transformation. Volume 1: Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the work of the Defense Science Board Summer Study Task Force on Department of Defense (DoD) Logistics Transformation. The Summer Study was tasked to recommend actions to be taken that achieve a true transformation, not marginal imp...

P. A. Odeen W. G. Howard

1998-01-01

377

Development of motor planning for dexterity tasks in trisomy 21.  

PubMed

We examined the macroscopic aspects of motor planning in two manual dexterity tasks, comparing children, adolescents, and young adults with trisomy 21 (T21) with typically developing controls from a developmental perspective. We analyzed the order in which objects were picked up from a table during two manual tasks of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC). Participants with T21 were always slower than controls. Task completion times depended on the strategy used by participants to gather up the pegs or coins. A structured strategy, in which the participants picked the items up moving methodically along each row/column, contributed to rapid task completion by younger children and participants with T21. This study highlights the ability of children with T21 to select and maintain an efficient strategy that takes account of their motor difficulties. Developmental trajectories help to explain T21 functioning in these dexterity tasks. PMID:24769429

Jover, Marianne; Ayoun, Catherine; Berton, Catherine; Carlier, Michèle

2014-07-01

378

Thumb force and muscle loads are influenced by the design of a mechanical pipette and by pipetting tasks.  

PubMed

Work involving pipetting is associated with elevated rates of musculoskeletal disorders of the hand and wrist. The purpose of this study was to quantify thumb loading and muscle activity and determine if they varied among pipetting tasks. Fourteen experienced participants performed nine pipetting tasks while surface electromyography was measured for the extensor pollicis brevis, abductor pollicis longus, flexor pollicis longus, and abductor pollicis brevis muscles. For five tasks, participants used a pipette instrumented to measure the thumb force applied to the plunger. High-precision tasks significantly increased static muscle activity but reduced peak thumb force on average 5% as compared with low-precision tasks. Pipetting high-viscosity fluids increased peak thumb forces on average 11% as compared with pipetting low-viscosity fluids. Use of a latch pipette increased muscle activity of three muscles. We conclude that pipette design and pipetting tasks can influence applied thumb force and muscle activity. We recommend that pipettes be designed to limit applied peak forces and that pipette users be instructed in use patterns that will reduce applied forces. Actual or potential applications of this research include modifications to pipette designs and worker training in order to reduce hand pain associated with pipetting. PMID:15960087

Asundi, Krishna R; Bach, Joel M; Rempel, David M

2005-01-01

379

Robot welding process control development task  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The completion of, and improvements made to, the software developed during 1990 for program maintenance on the PC and HEURIKON and transfer to the CYRO, and integration of the Rocketdyne vision software with the CYRO is documented. The new programs were used successfully by NASA, Rocketdyne, and UAH technicians and engineers to create, modify, upload, download, and control CYRO NC programs.

Romine, Peter L.

1992-01-01

380

DOE Task Force meeting on Electrical Breakdown of Insulating Ceramics in a High Radiation Field  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains the abstracts and presentation material from the Research Assistance Task Force Meeting Electrical Breakdown of Insulating Ceramics in a High-Radiation Field.'' The meeting was jointly sponsored by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences and the Office of Fusion Energy of the US Department of Energy in Vail, Colorado, May 28--June 1, 1991. The 26 participants represented expertise in fusion, radiation damage, electrical breakdown, ceramics, and semiconductor and electronic structures. These participants came from universities, industries, national laboratories, and government. The attendees represented eight nations. The Task Force meeting was organized in response to the recent discovery that a combination of temperature, electric field, and radiation for an extended period of time has an unexplained adverse effect in ceramics, termed radiation-enhanced electrical degradation (REED). REED occurs after an incubation period and continues to accelerate with irradiation until the ceramics can no longer be regarded as insulators. It appears that REED is irreversible and the ceramic insulators cannot be readily annealed or otherwise repaired for future services. This effect poses a serious threat for fusion reactors, which require electrical insulators in diagnostic devices, in radio frequency and neutral beam systems, and in magnetic assemblies. The problem of selecting suitable electrical insulating materials in thus far more serious than previously anticipated.

Green, P.H. (comp.) [comp.

1991-08-01

381

Report of the Cost Assessment and Validation Task Force on the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Cost Assessment and Validation (CAV) Task Force was established for independent review and assessment of cost, schedule and partnership performance on the International Space Station (ISS) Program. The CAV Task Force has made the following key findings: The International Space Station Program has made notable and reasonable progress over the past four years in defining and executing a very challenging and technically complex effort. The Program size, complexity, and ambitious schedule goals were beyond that which could be reasonably achieved within the $2.1 billion annual cap or $17.4 billion total cap. A number of critical risk elements are likely to have an adverse impact on the International Space Station cost and schedule. The schedule uncertainty associated with Russian implementation of joint Partnership agreements is the major threat to the ISS Program. The Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 budget submission to Congress is not adequate to execute the baseline ISS Program, cover normal program growth, and address the known critical risks. Additional annual funding of between $130 million and $250 million will be required. Completion of ISS assembly is likely to be delayed from one to three years beyond December 2003.

1998-01-01

382

Cost Assessment and Validation Task Force on the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Cost Assessment and Validation (CAV) Task Force was established for independent review and assessment of cost, schedule and partnership performance on the International Space Station (ISS) Program. The CAV Task Force has made the following key findings: The International Space Station Program has made notable and reasonable progress over the past four years in defining and executing a very challenging and technically complex effort; The Program, size, complexity, and ambitious schedule goals were beyond that which could be reasonably achieved within the $2.1 billion annual cap or $17.4 billion total cap; A number of critical risk elements are likely to have an adverse impact on the International Space Station cost and schedule; The schedule uncertainty associated with Russian implementation of joint Partnership agreements is the major threat to the ISS Program; The Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 budget submission to Congress is not adequate to execute the baseline ISS Program, cover normal program, growth, and address the known critical risks. Additional annual funding of between $130 million and $250 million will be required; and Completion of ISS assembly is likely to be delayed from, one to three years beyond December 2003.

1998-01-01

383

14th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies: task force report on antiphospholipid syndrome treatment trends.  

PubMed

Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is characterized by vascular thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity occurring in patients with persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). The primary objective of the APS Treatment Trends Task Force, created as part of the 14th International Congress on aPL, was to systematically review the potential future treatment strategies for aPL-positive patients. The task force chose as future clinical research directions: a) determining the necessity for controlled clinical trials in venous thromboembolism with the new oral direct thrombin or anti-factor Xa inhibitors pending the results of the ongoing rivaroxaban in APS (RAPS) trial, and designing controlled clinical trials in other forms of thrombotic APS; b) systematically analyzing the literature as well as aPL/APS registries, and creating specific registries for non-warfarin/heparin anticoagulants; c) increasing recruitment for an ongoing primary thrombosis prevention trial, and designing secondary thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity prevention trials with hydroxychloroquine; d) determining surrogate markers to select patients for statin trials; e) designing controlled studies with rituximab and other anti-B-cell agents; f) designing mechanistic and clinical studies with eculizumab and other complement inhibitors; and g) chemically modifying peptide therapy to improve the half-life and minimize immunogenicity. The report also includes recommendations for clinicians who consider using these agents in difficult-to-manage aPL-positive patients. PMID:24468415

Erkan, Doruk; Aguiar, Cassyanne L; Andrade, Danieli; Cohen, Hannah; Cuadrado, Maria J; Danowski, Adriana; Levy, Roger A; Ortel, Thomas L; Rahman, Anisur; Salmon, Jane E; Tektonidou, Maria G; Willis, Rohan; Lockshin, Michael D

2014-06-01

384

Fourth Report of the Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir Rendezvous and Docking Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On December 6, 1994, the NASA Administrator, Mr. Daniel Goldin, requested that Lt. Gen. Thomas P. Stafford, in his role as the Chairman of the NASA Advisory Council Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir Rendezvous and Docking Missions, lead a team composed of several Task Force members and technical advisors' to Russia with the goal of reviewing preparations and readiness for the upcoming international Space Station Phase 1 missions. In his directions to Gen. Stafford, Mr. Goldin requested that the review team focus its initial efforts on safety of flight issues for the following Phase 1A missions: the Soyuz TM-21 mission which will carry U.S. astronaut Dr. Norman Thagard and cosmonauts Lt. Col. Vladimir Dezhurov and Mr. Gennady Strekalov aboard a Soyuz spacecraft to the Mir Station; the Mir 18 Main Expedition during which Thagard and his fellow cosmonauts, Dezhurov and Strokalov, will spend approximately three months aboard the Mir Station; the STS-71 Space Shuttle mission which will perform the first Shuttle-Mir docking, carry cosmonauts Col. Anatoly SoloViev and Mr. Nikolai Budarin to the Mir Station, and return Thagard, Dezhurov, and Strekalov to Earth.

1995-01-01

385

Developments in task analysis: new methods to study change.  

PubMed

This article provides a conceptual overview of task analysis, which is an inherently multimethod approach. The authors present the method as a step-by-step illustrative template for researchers who seek to develop qualitatively rich models of change and quantitative measures that correspond to these change models. The current article provides an epistemological framework to develop both descriptive and causal models of change. It also offers a comparison with other methods of inquiry that are exclusively qualitative in nature and do not explicitly highlight the use of theory in model development. In addition, the authors describe recent developments in task analysis for dynamic modeling. In tandem with this, they articulate advances in the relationship between task analytic construct development and measurement development. PMID:20183405

Pascual-Leone, Antonio; Greenberg, Leslie S; Pascual-Leone, Juan

2009-07-01

386

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on DoD Energy Strategy, 'More Fight - Less Fuel'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On May 2, 2006 the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics (USD(AT&L)) directed the Defense Science Board to create a Task Force to examine DoD Energy Strategy Citing significant risks to both our nation and our military force...

2008-01-01

387

Development of task network models of human performance in microgravity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper discusses the utility of task-network modeling for quantifying human performance variability in microgravity. The data are gathered for: (1) improving current methodologies for assessing human performance and workload in the operational space environment; (2) developing tools for assessing alternative system designs; and (3) developing an integrated set of methodologies for the evaluation of performance degradation during extended duration spaceflight. The evaluation entailed an analysis of the Remote Manipulator System payload-grapple task performed on many shuttle missions. Task-network modeling can be used as a tool for assessing and enhancing human performance in man-machine systems, particularly for modeling long-duration manned spaceflight. Task-network modeling can be directed toward improving system efficiency by increasing the understanding of basic capabilities of the human component in the system and the factors that influence these capabilities.

Diaz, Manuel F.; Adam, Susan

1992-01-01

388

Defense Science Board Task Force on the review of the Defense Nuclear Agency technology base program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Defense Science Board Task Force review was to examine DNA's responsiveness to DoD needs and the appropriateness of its emphasis on emerging technologies, and to evaluate the relationships between DNA and Dept. of Energy laboratories, private consultants, university participants and Service users. The Task Force also addressed important technical and management issues confronting DNA. The Task Force concluded that DNA has been responsive to DoD needs, although the technology base program has a few specific areas of weakness. The Task Force expressed support of recent DNA initiatives to assign greater priority to the survivability of Theater Nuclear Forces and their associated C3. Also emphasized were the importance of underground nuclear explosion testing and the need for a review of several questions left unanswered by the ban on atmospheric testing. Principal Task Force recommendations include: 1) Resources provided to the DNA technology base longer-term programs should not be diverted into more-pressing short-term projects; 2) Relationships between DNA and other DoD and DoE laboratories should be strengthened by exchange programs of technical personnel; and 3) Technology transfer between DNA and the Services and the CINCs should be improved by annual reviews of user requirements and joint funding of projects where appropriate.

Not Available

1982-04-01

389

Report of the Census Task Force on beamline control system requirements  

SciTech Connect

A special task force was appointed to study the experience with the present beamline control system at Fermilab and to make recommendations in this area. The charge of the committee and the list of its members are appended. In order to carry out its assignment, the committee conducted a series of meetings in which it discussed the controls situation in general and the best way to approach the user community. The various groups of users were identified, and a letter was written to representatives of these groups asking questions concerning the present system and future needs. The committee met with each group to discuss the response to these questions. Written summaries of the discussions are appended. Conclusions are drawn regarding current problems, systematic upgrades and specific recommendations. (LEW)

Barsotti, E.J.; Bartlett, J.F.; Bogert, V.D.; Borcherding, F.O.; Butler, J.; Czarapata, P.C.; Spalding, W.J.; Thomas, A.D.

1986-10-02

390

Report of Defense Science Board Task Force on Defense Semiconductor Dependency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The impact of dependency of the U.S. military on foreign sources for semiconductor devices is addressed. All of the authors advanced military systems to make use of such devices. Their remarkable technology achievements in seimconductor devices account, in large measure, for the superior performance of all their advanced systems. It was concluded that, while the current dependency on foreign sources is modest today, semiconductor manufacturing trends indicate that they will become highly dependent in the future if immediate actions are not taken. The most significant finding of the Task Force is that U.S. technology leadership in this critical area is rapidly eroding and that this has serious implications for the national economy and immediate and predictable consequences for the Defense Department.

1987-02-01

391

Report of the task force on designing clinical trials in early (predementia) AD  

PubMed Central

Background: A large number of promising candidate disease-modifying treatments for Alzheimer disease (AD) continue to advance into phase II and phase III testing. However, most completed trials have failed to demonstrate efficacy, and there is growing concern that methodologic difficulties may contribute to these clinical trial failures. The optimal time to intervene with such treatments is probably in the years prior to the onset of dementia, before the neuropathology has progressed to the advanced stage corresponding to clinical dementia. Method: An international task force of individuals from academia, industry, nonprofit foundations, and regulatory agencies was convened to discuss optimal trial design in early (predementia) AD. Results: General consensus was reached on key principles involving the scope of the AD diagnosis, the selection of subjects for trials, outcome measures, and analytical methods. Conclusion: A consensus has been achieved in support of the testing of candidate treatments in the early (predementia) AD population.

Andrieu, S.; Sampaio, C.; Carrillo, M.; Khachaturian, Z.S.; Dubois, B.; Feldman, H.H.; Petersen, R.C.; Siemers, E.; Doody, R.S.; Hendrix, S.B.; Grundman, M.; Schneider, L.S.; Schindler, R.J.; Salmon, E.; Potter, W.Z.; Thomas, R.G.; Salmon, D.; Donohue, M.; Bednar, M.M.; Touchon, J.; Vellas, B.

2011-01-01

392

Update on the methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: insufficient evidence.  

PubMed

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) seeks to provide reliable and accurate evidence-based recommendations to primary care clinicians. However, clinicians indicate frustration with the lack of guidance provided by the USPSTF when the evidence is insufficient to make a recommendation. This article describes a new USPSTF plan to commission its Evidence-based Practice Centers to collect information in 4 domains pertinent to clinical decisions about prevention and to report this information routinely. The 4 domains are potential preventable burden, potential harm of the intervention, costs (both monetary and opportunity), and current practice. The process and rationale used to select these domains are presented, along with examples of how clinicians might use the information to guide clinical decision making when evidence is insufficient. PMID:19189910

Petitti, Diana B; Teutsch, Steven M; Barton, Mary B; Sawaya, George F; Ockene, Judith K; DeWitt, Thomas

2009-02-01

393

Report of the APSAC task force on attachment therapy, reactive attachment disorder, and attachment problems.  

PubMed

Although the term attachment disorder is ambiguous, attachment therapies are increasingly used with children who are maltreated, particularly those in foster care or adoptive homes. Some children described as having attachment disorders show extreme disturbances. The needs of these children and their caretakers are real. How to meet their needs is less clear. A number of attachment-based treatment and parenting approaches purport to help children described as attachment disordered. Attachment therapy is a young and diverse field, and the benefits and risks of many treatments remain scientifically undetermined. Controversies have arisen about potentially harmful attachment therapy techniques used by a subset of attachment therapists. In this report, the Task Force reviews the controversy and makes recommendations for assessment, treatment, and practices. The report reflects American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children's (APSAC) position and also was endorsed by the American Psychological Association's Division 37 and the Division 37 Section on Child Maltreatment. PMID:16382093

Chaffin, Mark; Hanson, Rochelle; Saunders, Benjamin E; Nichols, Todd; Barnett, Douglas; Zeanah, Charles; Berliner, Lucy; Egeland, Byron; Newman, Elana; Lyon, Tom; LeTourneau, Elizabeth; Miller-Perrin, Cindy

2006-02-01

394

ACR white paper on teleradiology practice: a report from the Task Force on Teleradiology Practice.  

PubMed

Teleradiology services are now embedded into the workflow of many radiology practices in the United States, driven largely by an expanding corporate model of services. This has brought opportunities and challenges to both providers and recipients of teleradiology services and has heightened the need to create best-practice guidelines for teleradiology to ensure patient primacy. To this end, the ACR Task Force on Teleradiology Practice has created this white paper to update the prior ACR communication on teleradiology and discuss the current and possible future state of teleradiology in the United States. This white paper proposes comprehensive best-practice guidelines for the practice of teleradiology, with recommendations offered regarding future actions. PMID:23684535

Silva, Ezequiel; Breslau, Jonathan; Barr, Robert M; Liebscher, Lawrence A; Bohl, Michael; Hoffman, Thomas; Boland, Giles W L; Sherry, Cynthia; Kim, Woojin; Shah, Samir S; Tilkin, Mike

2013-08-01

395

Robust versus optimal strategies for two-alternative forced choice tasks  

PubMed Central

It has been proposed that animals and humans might choose a speed-accuracy tradeoff that maximizes reward rate. For this utility function the simple drift-diffusion model of two-alternative forced-choice tasks predicts a parameter-free optimal performance curve that relates normalized decision times to error rates under varying task conditions. However, behavioral data indicate that only ? 30% of subjects achieve optimality, and here we investigate the possibility that, in allowing for uncertainties, subjects might exercise robust strategies instead of optimal ones. We consider two strategies in which robustness is achieved by relinquishing performance: maximin and robust-satisficing. The former supposes maximization of guaranteed performance under a presumed level of uncertainty; the latter assumes that subjects require a critical performance level and maximize the level of uncertainty under which it can be guaranteed. These strategies respectively yield performance curves parameterized by presumed uncertainty level and required performance. Maximin performance curves for uncertainties in response-to-stimulus interval match data for the lower-scoring 70% of subjects well, and are more likely to explain it than robust-satisficing or alternative optimal performance curves that emphasize accuracy. For uncertainties in signal-to-noise ratio, neither maximin nor robust-satisficing performance curves adequately describe the data. We discuss implications for decisions under uncertainties, and suggest further behavioral assays.

Zacksenhouse, M.; Bogacz, R.; Holmes, P.

2012-01-01

396

Creating a New Model for Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation for Critical Infrastructure: The New York City Climate Change Adaptation Task Force and the NYC Panel on Climate Change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The New York City Climate Change Adaptation Task Force, launched in August 2008, aims to secure the city's critical infrastructure against rising seas, higher temperatures and fluctuating water supplies projected to result from climate change. The Climate Change Adaptation Task Force is part of PlaNYC, the city's long- term sustainability plan, and is composed of over 30 city and state agencies, public authorities and companies that operate the region's roads, bridges, tunnels, mass transit, and water, sewer, energy and telecommunications systems - all with critical infrastructure identified as vulnerable. It is one of the most comprehensive adaptation efforts yet launched by an urban region. To guide the effort, Mayor Michael Bloomberg has formed the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC), modeled on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Experts on the panel include climatologists, sea-level rise specialists, adaptation experts, and engineers, as well as representatives from the insurance and legal sectors. The NPCC is developing planning tools for use by the Task Force members that provide information about climate risks, adaptation and risk assessment, prioritization frameworks, and climate protection levels. The advisory panel is supplying climate change projections, helping to identify at- risk infrastructure, and assisting the Task Force in developing adaptation strategies and guidelines for design of new structures. The NPCC will also publish an assessment report in 2009 that will serve as the foundation for climate change adaptation in the New York City region, similar to the IPCC reports. Issues that the Climate Change Adaptation Task Force and the NPCC are addressing include decision- making under climate change uncertainty, effective ways for expert knowledge to be incorporated into public actions, and strategies for maintaining consistent and effective attention to long-term climate change even as municipal governments cycle through their administrations.

Rosenzweig, C.; Solecki, W. D.; Freed, A. M.

2008-12-01

397

Periodic health examination, 1995 update: 2. Prevention of dental caries. The Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To make recommendations, based on current evidence, for practising physicians and dentists on interventions for the prevention of dental caries in their patients. OPTIONS: Systemic fluoride administration, professionally administered fluoride, use of fluoride mouth rinses, fissure sealants, oral-hygiene practices, dietary practices, identification of groups at a high risk of dental caries, and early diagnosis and treatment. OUTCOMES: Reduced prevalence of dental caries and fluorosis, longer retention of teeth and lower treatment costs. EVIDENCE: Several MEDLINE searches were conducted for articles published from January 1980 to December 1992, including relevant review articles. VALUES: Relevant clinical findings were evaluated and categorized with the use of the evidence-based methods and values of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination. Recommendations were developed for each method of caries prevention, with reduced incidence of dental caries and improved prevalence of caries-free teeth given high values. BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: The potential benefits of these measures in the long-term are a lower incidence of tooth decay, longer retention of teeth and prevention of fluorosis. The cost saving can be considerable for patients and insurers; however, implementation of some recommendations will be difficult, since the traditional preventive practices of dentists and dental hygienists are not easily changed. RECOMMENDATIONS: There is good evidence that the following manoeuvres are effective in preventing dental caries: use of dentifrices containing fluoride, fluoridation of drinking water, fluoride supplements for patients in areas where there is a low level (0.3 ppm or less) of fluoride in the drinking water, professionally applied topical fluoride and the use of fluoride mouth rinses for patients with very active decay or at a high risk of dental caries and selective use of professionally applied fissure sealants on permanent molar teeth. There is poor evidence that the following manoeuvres are effective in preventing dental caries: professionally applied topical fluoride and the use of fluoride mouth rinses for patients with a low risk of caries, toothbrushing (without a dentifrice containing fluoride) and flossing, cleaning of teeth by a dentist or dental hygienist before topical application of fluoride or at a dental visit and dietary counselling for the general population. There is good evidence to recommend against the use of over-the-counter fluoride mouth rinses by the general population. VALIDATION: These guidelines are compatible with those of the US Preventive Services Task Force. SPONSOR: These guidelines were developed and endorsed by the task force, which is funded by Health Canada. Major funding was provided by the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Toronto, Toronto and the Faculty of Dentistry of Dalhousie University, Halifax.

Lewis, D W; Ismail, A I

1995-01-01

398

Wrist splint effects on muscle activity and force during a handgrip task.  

PubMed

Wrist splints are commonly prescribed to limit wrist motion and provide support at night and during inactive periods but are often used in the workplace. In theory, splinting the wrist should reduce wrist extensor muscle activity by stabilizing the joint and reducing the need for co-contraction to maintain posture. Ten healthy volunteers underwent a series of 24 10-s gripping trials with surface electromyography on 6 forearm muscles. Trials were randomized between splinted and nonsplinted conditions with three wrist postures (30 degrees flexion, neutral, and 30 degrees extension) and four grip efforts. Custom-made Plexiglas splints were taped to the dorsum of the hand and wrist. It was found that when simply holding the dynamometer, use of a splint led to a small (<1% MVE) but significant reduction in activity for all flexor muscles and extensor carpi radialis (all activity <4% maximum). At maximal grip, extensor muscle activity was significantly increased with the splints by 7.9-23.9% MVE. These data indicate that splinting at low-to-moderate grip forces may act to support the wrist against external loading, but appears counterproductive when exerting maximal forces. Wrist bracing should be limited to periods of no to light activity and avoided during tasks that require heavy efforts. PMID:18843160

Domizio, Jennifer Di; Mogk, Jeremy P M; Keir, Peter J

2008-08-01

399

Definition of Forces on Turbomachinery Rotors. Task B Report: Dynamic Analysis of Rotors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rotordynamic characteristics of turbomachinery are known to depend on the forces developed due to relative motion between the rotor and the housing. For example, the critical speed locations generally depend on the bearing stiffnesses, seal dampling influences rotor stability and bearing reaction amplitudes near critical speeds, etc. A systematic examination of the influence of changes in the forces acting on rotors is studied. More specifically, the sensitivity of the rotordynamic characteristics to changes in rotor forces is analyzed. Rotordynamic characteristics of the HPOTP (High Pressure Oxygen Turbopump) and HPFTP (High Pressure Fuel Turbopump) of the SSME (Space Shuttle Main Engine) are investigated. Because of their markedly different rotordynamic characteristics, these units are considered to be representative of a range of possible future liquid rocket engine turbomachinery.

Childs, D. W.

1983-01-01

400

Toward a State of Esteem. The Final Report of the California Task Force to Promote Self-esteem and Personal and Social Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the final report of a California Task Force created to promote self-esteem and personal responsibility. It begins with an executive summary listing key principles of the task force and providing recommendations and discussions in each of six major areas upon which the report focuses. The next section presents the task

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

401

Pharmacy Faculty Workplace Issues: Findings From the 2009-2010 COD-COF Joint Task Force on Faculty Workforce  

PubMed Central

Many factors contribute to the vitality of an individual faculty member, a department, and an entire academic organization. Some of the relationships among these factors are well understood, but many questions remain unanswered. The Joint Task Force on Faculty Workforce examined the literature on faculty workforce issues, including the work of previous task forces charged by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP). We identified and focused on 4 unique but interrelated concepts: organizational culture/climate, role of the department chair, faculty recruitment and retention, and mentoring. Among all 4 resides the need to consider issues of intergenerational, intercultural, and gender dynamics. This paper reports the findings of the task force and proffers specific recommendations to AACP and to colleges and schools of pharmacy.

Peirce, Gretchen L.; Crabtree, Brian L.; Acosta, Daniel; Early, Johnnie L.; Kishi, Donald T.; Nobles-Knight, Dolores; Webster, Andrew A.

2011-01-01

402

Immuno-Oncology biomarkers 2010 and beyond: Perspectives from the iSBTc/SITC biomarker task force  

PubMed Central

The International Society for Biological Therapy of Cancer (iSBTc, recently renamed the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer, SITC) hosted a one-day symposium at the National Institutes of Health on September 30, 2010 to address development and application of biomarkers in cancer immunotherapy. The symposium, titled Immuno-Oncology Biomarkers 2010 and Beyond: Perspectives from the iSBTc/SITC Biomarker Task Force, gathered approximately 230 investigators equally from academia, industry and governmental/regulatory agencies from around the globe for panel discussions and presentations on the following topics: 1) immunologic monitoring: standardization and validation of assays; 2) correlation of immunity to biologic activity, clinical response and potency assays; 3) novel methodologies for assessing the immune landscape: clinical utility of novel technologies; and 4) recommendations on incorporation of biomarkers into the clinical arena. The presentations are summarized in this report; additional program information and slides are available online at the iSBTc/SITC website.

2010-01-01

403

The form of augmented force-feedback fields and the efficiency and satisfaction in computer-aided pointing tasks.  

PubMed

This study investigates operation efficiency and user satisfaction for spatial and temporal shapes of augmented force-feedback fields to be used with computer pointing devices in target acquisition tasks. In an experiment, three different force-field shapes at two different mean force levels were compared, with an electromechanical force-feedback trackball as control device and with efficiency and user satisfaction as dependent variables. Efficiency was measured by the time required to perform a certain task, and user satisfaction was measured through a subjective rating procedure. Satisfaction results indicate that to a rough approximation, participants can be grouped into those who prefer high and those who prefer low force levels. Members of the former group were most satisfied with force fields with a gradual start and an abrupt ending. This force-field shape also proved to be the most efficient for both groups. When all participants were considered as a single group, none of the effects was found to be statistically significant. A gender effect was also found; in both preference groups women achieved significantly shorter task completion times than men. Actual or potential applications of this research include enabling computer interaction for people prone to repetitive strain injuries and the increment of efficiency and satisfaction in human-computer interaction in general. PMID:16170947

Keuning, Hilde; Monné, Tom K J; IJsselsteijn, Wijnand A; Houtsma, Adrianus J M

2005-01-01

404

Preventing skin cancer: findings of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services On reducing Exposure to Ultraviolet Light.  

PubMed

Rates of skin cancer, the most common cancer in the United States, are increasing. The most preventable risk factor for skin cancer is unprotected ultraviolet (UV) exposure. Seeking to identify effective approaches to reducing the incidence of skin cancer by improving individual and community efforts to reduce unprotected UV exposure, the Task Force on Community Preventive Services conducted systematic reviews of community interventions to reduce exposure to ultraviolet light and increase protective behaviors. The Task Force found sufficient evidence to recommend two interventions that are based on improvements in sun protective or "covering-up" behavior (wearing protective clothing including long-sleeved clothing or hats): educational and policy approaches in two settings--primary schools and recreational or tourism sites. They found insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness of a range of other population-based interventions and recommended additional research in these areas: educational and policy approaches in child care centers, secondary schools and colleges, recreational or tourism sites for children, and workplaces; interventions conducted in health-care settings and targeted to both providers and children's parents or caregivers; media campaigns alone; and community wide multicomponent interventions. This report also presents additional information regarding the recommended community interventions, briefly describes how the reviews were conducted, provides resources for further information, and provides information that can help in applying the interventions locally. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force conducted a systematic review of counseling by primary care clinicians to prevent skin cancer (CDC. Counseling to prevent skin cancer: recommendation and rationale of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. MMWR 2003;52[No. RR-15]:13-17), which is also included in this issue, the first jointly released findings from the Task Force on Community Preventive Services and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. PMID:14561953

Saraiya, Mona; Glanz, Karen; Briss, Peter; Nichols, Phyllis; White, Cornelia; Das, Debjani

2003-10-17

405

Model transparency and validation: a report of the ISPOR-SMDM Modeling Good Research Practices Task Force-7.  

PubMed

Trust and confidence are critical to the success of health care models. There are two main methods for achieving this: transparency (people can see how the model is built) and validation (how well it reproduces reality). This report describes recommendations for achieving transparency and validation, developed by a task force appointed by the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) and the Society for Medical Decision Making (SMDM). Recommendations were developed iteratively by the authors. A nontechnical description should be made available to anyone-including model type and intended applications; funding sources; structure; inputs, outputs, other components that determine function, and their relationships; data sources; validation methods and results; and limitations. Technical documentation, written in sufficient detail to enable a reader with necessary expertise to evaluate the model and potentially reproduce it, should be made available openly or under agreements that protect intellectual property, at the discretion of the modelers. Validation involves face validity (wherein experts evaluate model structure, data sources, assumptions, and results), verification or internal validity (check accuracy of coding), cross validity (comparison of results with other models analyzing same problem), external validity (comparing model results to real-world results), and predictive validity (comparing model results with prospectively observed events). The last two are the strongest form of validation. Each section of this paper contains a number of recommendations that were iterated among the authors, as well as the wider modeling task force jointly set up by the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research and the Society for Medical Decision Making. PMID:22990088

Eddy, David M; Hollingworth, William; Caro, J Jaime; Tsevat, Joel; McDonald, Kathryn M; Wong, John B

2012-01-01

406

Cooperative Tasks and Lexical Development of EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has been an attempt to investigate the impact of cooperative tasks on the lexical development of Iranian intermediate EFL learners. Sixty male and female students, who had scored homogeneously in a teacher-made proficiency test, participated in this study. Both the control and the experimental groups participated in a multiple-choice…

Yazdani Moghaddam, Masoud; Fakhraee Faruji, Laleh

2013-01-01

407

Trends in the Development and Tasks of Modern Quantum Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main advances are surveyed and the principal trends in the development of modern quantum chemistry are noted. The intensification of the linkage between theoretical and experimental research is emphasised. The tasks in various branches of quantum chemistry of greatest current interest are analysed. The electron clouds and the electronic processes in molecules and solids, intermolecular interaction, intramolecular dynamics, elementary

N D Sokolov

1988-01-01

408

Spanning the Chasm: Corporate and Academic Cooperation To Improve Work-Force Preparation. Task Force on High-Performance Work and Workers: The Academic Connection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted by a task force that interviewed corporate and campus officials at 10 corporations and 12 universities and colleges during 1994-96, examined how well undergraduate, graduate, and professional students in the United States are being prepared to meet the demands of the modern high-performance workplace. The study found…

Business-Higher Education Forum, Washington, DC.

409

Optimization of Muscle Activity for Task-Level Goals Predicts Complex Changes in Limb Forces across Biomechanical Contexts  

PubMed Central

Optimality principles have been proposed as a general framework for understanding motor control in animals and humans largely based on their ability to predict general features movement in idealized motor tasks. However, generalizing these concepts past proof-of-principle to understand the neuromechanical transformation from task-level control to detailed execution-level muscle activity and forces during behaviorally-relevant motor tasks has proved difficult. In an unrestrained balance task in cats, we demonstrate that achieving task-level constraints center of mass forces and moments while minimizing control effort predicts detailed patterns of muscle activity and ground reaction forces in an anatomically-realistic musculoskeletal model. Whereas optimization is typically used to resolve redundancy at a single level of the motor hierarchy, we simultaneously resolved redundancy across both muscles and limbs and directly compared predictions to experimental measures across multiple perturbation directions that elicit different intra- and interlimb coordination patterns. Further, although some candidate task-level variables and cost functions generated indistinguishable predictions in a single biomechanical context, we identified a common optimization framework that could predict up to 48 experimental conditions per animal (n?=?3) across both perturbation directions and different biomechanical contexts created by altering animals' postural configuration. Predictions were further improved by imposing experimentally-derived muscle synergy constraints, suggesting additional task variables or costs that may be relevant to the neural control of balance. These results suggested that reduced-dimension neural control mechanisms such as muscle synergies can achieve similar kinetics to the optimal solution, but with increased control effort (?2×) compared to individual muscle control. Our results are consistent with the idea that hierarchical, task-level neural control mechanisms previously associated with voluntary tasks may also be used in automatic brainstem-mediated pathways for balance.

McKay, J. Lucas; Ting, Lena H.

2012-01-01

410

An overview of Task 6 of the Äspö Task Force: modelling groundwater and solute transport: improved understanding of radionuclide transport in fractured rock  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview is presented of a 4-year study by the Äspö Task Force on Modelling of Groundwater Flow and Transport of Solutes,\\u000a whose primary aim was to build a bridge between the approaches used for site characterisation (SC) and performance assessment\\u000a (PA) associated with nuclear waste repositories. Eleven modelling teams representing six national radioactive waste organisations\\u000a participated in eight modelling

David Hodgkinson; Hakim Benabderrahmane; Mark Elert; Aimo Hautojärvi; Jan-Olof Selroos; Yasuharu Tanaka; Masahiro Uchida

2009-01-01

411

Development of a high force thermal latch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the preliminary development of a high force thermal latch (HFTL). The HFTL has one moving part which is restrained in the latched position by a low melting temperature or fusible metal alloy. When heated the fusible alloy flows to a receiving chamber and in so doing at first releases the tension load in the latch bolt and later releases the bolt itself. The HFTL can be used in place of pyrotechnically activated spacecraft release devices in those instances where the elimination of both pyrotechnic shock-loading and rapid strain-energy release take precedence over the near instantaneous release offered by ordnance initiated devices.

Nygren, William D.

1995-05-01

412

Development of a tethered satellite force transducer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The SEDS (Small Expendable Deployer System)/Delta II is a demonstration flight of a tethered satellite deployer system. The satellite or end mass payload, which is deployed and tethered to the Delta II rocket, is instrumented to determine its dynamics during deployment. A three-component force transducer or strain-gage balance was developed to measure tether tension on the end-mass side of the tether. The transducer was designed to measure tensions up to 20N in each direction and resolve tensions as low as 0.002N. In addition, the transducer was required to withstand the shock, vibration, and temperature excursions of the mission. The development of the transducer from design to testing and integration is discussed.

Rhew, Ray D.

1993-01-01

413

Investigating shoulder muscle loading and exerted forces during wall painting tasks: Influence of gender, work height and paint tool design.  

PubMed

The task of wall painting produces considerable risk to the workers, both male and female, primarily in the development of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Insufficient information is currently available regarding the potential benefits of using different paint roller designs or the possible adverse effects of painting at different work heights. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gender, work height, and paint tool design on shoulder muscle activity and exerted forces during wall painting. Ten young adults, five male and five female, were recruited to perform simulated wall painting at three different work heights with three different paint roller designs while upper extremity muscle activity and horizontal push force were recorded. Results demonstrated that for female participants, significantly greater total average (p = 0.007) and integrated (p = 0.047) muscle activity was present while using the conventional and curly flex paint roller designs compared to the proposed design in which the load was distributed between both hands. Additionally, for both genders, the high working height imposed greater muscular demands compared to middle and low heights. These findings suggest that, if possible, avoid painting at extreme heights (low or high) and that for female painters, consider a roller that requires the use of two hands; this will reduce fatigue onset and subsequently mitigate potential musculoskeletal shoulder injury risks. PMID:24636728

Rosati, Patricia M; Chopp, Jaclyn N; Dickerson, Clark R

2014-07-01

414

Research on Youth in an Age of Complexity: The Rockefeller Youth Task Force and Daniel Yankelovich, 1965-1975  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The period between 1965 and 1975 encompasses important events associated with the peak of the youth movement in the 1960s and its demise in the 1970s. The period was an "age of complexity" according to Daniel Yankelovich, a social scientist hired by John D. Rockefeller 3rd's Youth Task Force to study the wave of protests that Rockefeller felt…

Richardson, Theresa M.

2008-01-01

415

Exemplary Human Services Planning Perspectives and Case Studies: Case Study Report Maryland Governor's Task Force on Teen Pregnancy,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Governor's Task Force on Teen Pregnancy was appointed in February, 1984 to examine this issue in Maryland to recommend a comprehensive approach to reduce its incidence and to help teen mothers, fathers and their children to become self-sustaining. Mem...

B. S. Hasler

1987-01-01

416

Our Families, Our Children: The Lesbian and Gay Child Care Task Force Report on Quality Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Lesbian and Gay Child Care Task Force documented anecdotal evidence of homophobia in child care and school age communities, including: (1) refusal to accept children from lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) families into child care; (2) biased attitudes expressed to children when they speak about their families; and (3) demonstrated…

Dispenza, Mary

417

Task Orders Awarded by the Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence in Support of the Coalition Provisional Authority.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As of May 31, 2004, the Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence (AFCEE) had awarded task orders valued at $481.2 million supporting the reconstruction of Iraq. AFCEE made these awards at the request of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA). Cont...

D. Griffin D. Wilcox G. P. Montoya J. E. Betar M. J. Roark

2004-01-01

418

“Bad Girls Rule”: An Interdisciplinary Feminist Commentary on the Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feminist, critical, and postmodern scholars have long recognized sexuality as a site of power relations. The recently released Report of the APA (American Psychological Association) Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls is a welcome addition to ongoing feminist and activist conversations on how to intervene on issues of sexuality in the name of girls' and women's health. This article

Kari Lerum; Shari L. Dworkin

2009-01-01

419

Trans Fat Survey and Its Implication on the Findings and Recommendations of the Pennsylvania Trans Fat Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

As evidence regarding the negative health implications of trans fats continues to mount, some states and municipalities have begun enacting legislation to ban or severely curtail their use. Before enacting similar legislation in Pennsylvania in 2007, the Commonwealth created the Pennsylvania Trans Fat Task Force—a panel of government officials; food manufacturing; foodservice and restaurant industry representatives; academic researchers; health advocates;

Susan J. Cocci; Peter L. Bordi Jr; S. William Hessert Jr

2011-01-01

420

Report from the States, 1986. White House Conference on Library and Information Services Task Force 7th Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summary reports the results of the 1986 Survey of States and Territories conducted by the New York State Library for the White House Conference on Library and Information Services Task Force (WHCLIST). The survey focused on public awareness of library services, the importance of library cooperation and networking, the crucial need for…

Wells, Gladys Ann, Comp.

421

Report from the States, 1985. White House Conference on Library and Information Services Task Force 6th Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summary reports the results of the 1985 Survey of States and Territories gathered by the White House Conference on Library and Information Services Task Force (WHCLIST), which focused on library service activities, overall progress made toward the implementation of the resolutions adopted by the 1979 White House Conference on Library and…

Wells, Gladys Ann, Comp.

422

78 FR 32476 - Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF-426...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2013-0007] Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force...Initiatives 6B & 6C,'' for plant-specific adoption using the Consolidated Line Item Improvement...evaluation (SE) for plant-specific adoption of TSTF-426, Revision 5, is...

2013-05-30

423

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Defense Science and Technology Base for the 21st Century.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Science Board Task Force on the Defense Science and Technology Base for the 21st Century was formed in May 1997 to address issues involved in assuring that the United States has an adequate technology base to maintain military superiority into...

1998-01-01

424

REDUCING THE IMPACTS OF TRANSPORTATION ON GLOBAL WARMING: SUMMARY OF NEW YORK GREENHOUSE GAS TASK FORCE RECOMMENDATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global climate change is fundamentally caused by fossil fuel combustion. The transportation sector generates more than one-third of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in New York and represents the fastest-growing source of GHG emissions in the state. A summary of the recommendations of the New York Greenhouse Gas Task Force for reducing GHG emissions from the transportation sector is provided. Using

Steven Winkelman; Greg Dierkers

2003-01-01

425

Advanced Distributed Simulation Technology II (ADST-II) LAM Task Force DO Number 14 CDRL AB03 After Action Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Army Experiment III (AE3), sponsored by the Louisiana Maneuvers Task Force (LAM-TF) for the Association of the United States Army (AUSA) demonstration held 14-16 October, 1996 was comprised of: (1) An Immersive Theater, (2) Stand Alone Interactive Dis...

1997-01-01

426

Work Readiness: A New Promise in Minnesota's Education. Report of the Commissioner's Task Force on Education for Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the recommendations made by Minnesota's Task Force on Education for Employment, which was established in 1986 to evaluate how well that state's K-12 educational system is preparing all students for work and whether students have equal access to work-related learning experiences. The following recommendations are made: (1) the…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul.

427

Norwegian 1990 sediment data for the North Sea Task Force (NSTF) and the Joint Monitoring Group (JMG).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the 1990 sediment data compiled as part of the Norwegian contribution to the North Sea Task Force Monitoring Master Plan and the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). The JMP is ordered under the Oslo and Paris Commissions, which were est...

N. W. Green J. Klungsoeyr

1994-01-01

428

The Information Infrastructure: Reaching Society's Goals. A Report of the Information Infrastructure Task Force Committee on Applications and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for public comment and discussion, this document is the second volume of papers in which the Information Infrastructure Task Force has attempted to articulate in clear terms, with sufficient detail, how improvements in the National Information Infrastructure (NII) can help meet other social goals. These are not plans to be enacted, but…

National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.

429

Report on Indian Education--Task Force Five: Indian Education--Final Report to the American Indian Policy Review Commission.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report of the Task Force on Indian Education to the American Indian Policy Review Commission delineates the interweaving of past policies and practices with present needs and concerns of Indian education. Reviewing 400 years of Indian education, the report was compiled from federal, state, local, and private records, public hearings,…

Scheirbeck, Helen Maynor; And Others

430

Report of the Defense Science Board task force on military system applications of superconductors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Task Force found a number of superconductivity applications that could result in significant new military capabilities, including electronics and high power applications. In particular, superconducting materials could enable significant military improvements in: Magnetic Field Sensors with greatly increased sensitivity for improved detection and identification capability; Passive Microwave and Millimeter-wave Components enabling increased detection range and discrimination in clutter; Staring Infrared Focal Plane Array sensors incorporating superconducting electronics permitting significant range and sensitivity increases over current scanning IR sensors; Wideband Analog and Ultra-Fast Digital Signal Processing for radar and optical sensors; High Power Motors and Generators for ship and aircraft propulsion leading to: decreased displacement; drive system flexibility; increased range; or longer endurance on station; Magnets/Energy Storage for high power microwave, millimeter-wave or optical generators (e.g., free electron laser); capability for powering quiet propulsion systems; Electro-Magnetic Launchers capable of launching hypervelocity projectiles for antiarmor weapons and close-in ship defense weapons; and Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Propulsion enabling ultra quiet drives for submarines, torpedoes, and surface ships.

1988-10-01

431

Physician Barriers to Successful Implementation of US Preventive Services Task Force Routine HIV Testing Recommendations  

PubMed Central

In 2006, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued recommendations supporting routine HIV testing in health care settings for all persons aged 13 to 64 years. Despite these recommendations, physicians are not offering HIV testing routinely. We apply a model that has previously identified 3 central, inter-related factors (knowledge-, attitude-, and behavior-related barriers) for why physicians do not follow practice guidelines in order to better understand why physicians are not offering HIV testing routinely. This model frames our review of the existing literature on physician barriers to routine HIV testing. Within the model, knowledge barriers include lack of familiarity or awareness of clinical recommendations, attitude barriers include lack of agreement with guidelines, while behavioral barriers include external barriers related to the guidelines themselves, to patients, or to environmental factors. Our review reveals that many physicians face these barriers with regards to implementing routine HIV testing. Several factors underscore the importance of determining how to best address physician barriers to HIV testing, including: provisions of the Affordable Care Act that are likely to require or incentivize major payers to cover HIV testing, evidence which suggests that a physician’s recommendation to test for HIV is a strong predictor of patient testing behavior, and data which reveals that nearly 20% of HIV-positive individuals may be unaware of their status. In April 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force released a recommendation supporting routine HIV testing; strategies are needed to help address ongoing physician barriers to testing.

Zheng, Micha Yin; Suneja, Amit; Chou, Ann Love; Arya, Monisha

2014-01-01

432

ESHRE Task Force on Ethics and Law22: Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis†.  

PubMed

This Task Force document discusses some relatively unexplored ethical issues involved in preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). The document starts from the wide consensus that PGD is ethically acceptable if aimed at helping at-risk couples to avoid having a child with a serious disorder. However, if understood as a limit to acceptable indications for PGD, this 'medical model' may turn out too restrictive. The document discusses a range of possible requests for PGD that for different reasons fall outwith the accepted model and argues that instead of rejecting those requests out of hand, they need to be independently assessed in the light of ethical criteria. Whereas, for instance, there is no good reason for rejecting PGD in order to avoid health problems in a third generation (where the second generation would be healthy but faced with burdensome reproductive choices if wanting to have children), using PGD to make sure that one's child will have the same disorder or handicap as its parents, is ethically unacceptable. PMID:24927929

De Wert, G; Dondorp, W; Shenfield, F; Devroey, P; Tarlatzis, B; Barri, P; Diedrich, K; Provoost, V; Pennings, G

2014-08-01

433

Screening for Cervical Cancer: A Modeling Study for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force  

PubMed Central

Objective This study addresses three questions posed by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF): 1) At what age should screening for cervical cancer begin; 2) At what age should screening for cervical cancer end; and 3) How do the benefits and potential harms of screening strategies that use human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing in conjunction with cytology (co-testing) compare to those strategies that use cytology only? Methods A Markov model was updated and used to quantify clinical outcomes (i.e. colposcopies, cancers, life expectancy) associated with different screening strategies. Results Screening in the teenage years is associated with a high number of colposcopies small differences in cancers detected and, as a result, small gains in life expectancy. Screening women beginning in the early 20s provides a reasonable balance of the harms and benefits of screening. Among women who have been screened according to the current recommendations for cervical cancer (beginning at age 21, and conducted every 3 years with cytology), screening beyond age 65 is associated with small additional gains in life expectancy but large increases in colposcopies. In terms of co-testing, a strategy of cytology only conducted every 3 years, followed by co-testing conducted every 5 years (for women aged 30+ years) is associated with fewer colposcopies and greater gains in life-expectancy compared to screening with cytology-only conducted every 3 years. Conclusions The results of this modeling study support current USPSTF recommendations for cervical cancer screening.

Kulasingam, Shalini L.; Havrilesky, Laura J.; Ghebre, Rahel; Myers, Evan R.

2012-01-01

434

An assessment by the Statin Liver Safety Task Force: 2014 update.  

PubMed

In the 2006 Report of the National Lipid Association's Statin Safety Task Force, a panel of experts in hepatology published their findings on specific questions related to the liver blood testing during statin therapy. Among their recommendations was that regulatory agencies reconsider the statin-labeling recommendation at that time, which required post-statin liver enzyme testing. Since then, the Food and Drug Administration altered statin labeling such that unless clinically indicated for other reasons, after a pre-statin therapy baseline evaluation, follow-up liver enzyme testing was not uniformly required after statin initiation. This 2014 report provides an update on interim issues relevant to statins and liver safety. Some of the points discussed include the value of baseline liver enzymes before initiating statin therapy, safety of statin use in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, potential drug interactions between statins and drugs used to treat hepatitis, the use of statins in liver transplant recipients, and the use of statins in patients with autoimmune liver disease. Finally, this panel provides diagnostic and algorithmic approaches when evaluating statin-treated patients who experience elevations in liver enzymes. PMID:24793441

Bays, Harold; Cohen, David E; Chalasani, Naga; Harrison, Stephen A

2014-01-01

435

Report of the Defense Science Board task force on military system applications of superconductors. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force found a number of superconductivity applications that could result in significant new military capabilities, including electronics and high-power applications. In particular, superconducting materials could enable significant military improvements in: Magnetic Field Sensors with greatly increased sensitivity for improved detection and identification capability; Passive Microwave and Millimeter-wave Components enabling increased detection range and discrimination in clutter; Staring Infrared Focal Plane Array sensors incorporating superconducting electronics permitting significant range and sensitivity increases over current scanning IR sensors; Wideband Analog and Ultra-Fast Digital Signal Processing for radar and optical sensors; High-Power Motors and Generators for ship and aircraft propulsion leading to: decreased displacement; drive-system flexibility; increased range; or longer endurance on station; Magnets/Energy Storage for high power microwave, millimeter-wave or optical generators (e.g., free-electron laser); capability for powering quiet propulsion systems; Electro magnetic Launchers capable of launching hypervelocity projectiles for anti-armor weapons and close-in ship defense weapons; and Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Propulsion enabling ultraquiet drives for submarines, torpedoes, and surface ships.

Not Available

1988-10-01

436

Physician Barriers to Successful Implementation of US Preventive Services Task Force Routine HIV Testing Recommendations.  

PubMed

In 2006, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued recommendations supporting routine HIV testing in health care settings for all persons aged 13 to 64 years. Despite these recommendations, physicians are not offering HIV testing routinely. We apply a model that has previously identified 3 central, inter-related factors (knowledge-, attitude-, and behavior-related barriers) for why physicians do not follow practice guidelines in order to better understand why physicians are not offering HIV testing routinely. This model frames our review of the existing literature on physician barriers to routine HIV testing. Within the model, knowledge barriers include lack of familiarity or awareness of clinical recommendations, attitude barriers include lack of agreement with guidelines, while behavioral barriers include external barriers related to the guidelines themselves, to patients, or to environmental factors. Our review reveals that many physicians face these barriers with regards to implementing routine HIV testing. Several factors underscore the importance of determining how to best address physician barriers to HIV testing, including: provisions of the Affordable Care Act that are likely to require or incentivize major payers to cover HIV testing, evidence which suggests that a physician's recommendation to test for HIV is a strong predictor of patient testing behavior, and data which reveals that nearly 20% of HIV-positive individuals may be unaware of their status. In April 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force released a recommendation supporting routine HIV testing; strategies are needed to help address ongoing physician barriers to testing. PMID:24442739

Zheng, Micha Yin; Suneja, Amit; Chou, Ann Love; Arya, Monisha

2014-05-01

437

Engineering development of selective agglomeration: Task 6, Operation of the Component Development Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to summarize the component development and laboratory binder test work at Wilsonville during Task 6. This Task included the construction and startup of the Component Development Test Facility (CDTF), coal procurement, evaluation of unit operation and dewatering performance, laboratory binder tests for diesel and heptane, production characterization, and vendor tests. Data evaluation, interpretation, and analysis are not included in this report, but will be discussed in the Task 7 report.

Not Available

1991-09-01

438

Using Students' Design Tasks to Develop Scientific Abilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To help students develop the scientific abilities desired in the 21st century workplace, four different types of student design tasksâobservation, verification, application, and investigation experimentsâhave been developed and implemented in our calculus-based introductory courses. Students working in small groups are engaged in designing and conducting their own experiments to observe some physical phenomena, test a physical principle, build a real-life device, solve a complex problem, or conduct an open-inquiry investigation. A preliminary study has shown that, probed by a performance-based task, the identified scientific abilities are more explicitly demonstrated by design-lab students than non-design lab students. In this paper, detailed examples of the design tasks and assessment results will be reported.

Zou, Xueli

2009-06-24

439

Task group to develop list of environmental standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new task group designed to develop a list of existing and potential standards that are applicable to environmental contamination problems in soil, rock, and groundwater has been established by the American Society for Testing a n d Materials (ASTM) Subcommittee on Geotechnics of Waste Management. The list currently includes over 60 existing and draft ASTM standards from ASTM committees in the areas of site characterization, construction evaluation, and geosynthetics.

440

Development and experimentation of an eye/brain/task testbed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The principal objective is to develop a laboratory testbed that will provide a unique capability to elicit, control, record, and analyze the relationship of operator task loading, operator eye movement, and operator brain wave data in a computer system environment. The ramifications of an integrated eye/brain monitor to the man machine interface are staggering. The success of such a system would benefit users of space and defense, paraplegics, and the monitoring of boring screens (nuclear power plants, air defense, etc.)

Harrington, Nora; Villarreal, James

1987-01-01

441

Current Status and Tasks in Development of Cable Recycling Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper shows current status and tasks in development of cable recycling technology and it’s items to be solved. Electric cable recycle system has been activated especially for copper conductor recycle in Japan. Previously removed cable coverings materials were mainly land filled. But landfill capacity is decreased and limited in recent years, at the same time, recycle technology was highly developed. A cable recycle technology has 4 tasks. (1) Applying new high efficiency separation system instead of electrostatic and gravity methods to classify mixed various kind of plastics materials including recently developed ecological material (ex PE, PVC, Rubber), (2) Removing heavy metal, especially lead from PVC material, (3) Treatment of optical glass fiber core, which has possibility going to be harmful micro particles, and (4) Establishment of social recycle system for electric wire and cable. Taking action for these tasks shall be proceeded under environmentally sensitive technology together with local government, user, manufacturer, and waste-disposal company on cost performance basis.

Ezure, Takashi; Goto, Kazuhiko

442

The design of manual handling tasks: revised tables of maximum acceptable weights and forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four new manual handling experiments are reviewed. The experiment used male and female subjects to study lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, and carrying tasks. Each experiment used a psychophysical methodology with measurements of oxygen consumption, heart rate, and anthropometric characteristics. Independent variables included task frequency, distance, height and duration; object size and handles; extended horizontal reach; and combination tasks. The results

Stover H. Snook; Vincent M. Ciriello

1991-01-01

443

Tool Forces Developed During Friction Stir Welding  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will describe a technique for measuring the various forces and the torque that exist on the Friction Stir Welding pin tool. Results for various plunge depths, weld speeds, rotational speed, and tool configurations will be presented. Welds made on 6061 aluminum with typical welding conditions require a downward force of 2800 lbs. (12.5 kN) a longitudinal force in the direction of motion of 300 lbs (1.33 kN), a transverse force in the omega x v direction of 30 lbs (135 N). Aluminum 2195 under typical weld conditions requires a downward force of 3100 lbs. (1.38 kN), a longitudinal force of 920 lbs. (4.1 kN), and a transverse force of 45 lbs. (200 N) in the omega x v direction.

Melendez, M.; Tang, W.; Schmidt, C.; McClure, J. C.; Nunes, A. C.; Murr, L. E.

2003-01-01

444

Standardized image interpretation and post processing in cardiovascular magnetic resonance: Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR) Board of Trustees Task Force on Standardized Post Processing  

PubMed Central

With mounting data on its accuracy and prognostic value, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is becoming an increasingly important diagnostic tool with growing utility in clinical routine. Given its versatility and wide range of quantitative parameters, however, agreement on specific standards for the interpretation and post-processing of CMR studies is required to ensure consistent quality and reproducibility of CMR reports. This document addresses this need by providing consensus recommendations developed by the Task Force for Post Processing of the Society for Cardiovascular MR (SCMR). The aim of the task force is to recommend requirements and standards for image interpretation and post processing enabling qualitative and quantitative evaluation of CMR images. Furthermore, pitfalls of CMR image analysis are discussed where appropriate.

2013-01-01

445

Screening for Breast Cancer: Systematic Evidence Review Update for the U. S. Preventive Services Task Force  

PubMed Central

Background This systematic review is an update of evidence since the 2002 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on breast cancer screening. Purpose To determine the effectiveness of mammography screening in decreasing breast cancer mortality among average-risk women age 40 to 49 and 70 and older; the effectiveness of clinical breast examination (CBE) and breast self examination (BSE); and harms of screening. Data Sources Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry and Database of Systematic Reviews (4th Quarter 2008), MEDLINE® (January 2001 to December 2008), reference lists, and Web of Science® for published studies; Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium for screening mammography data. Study Selection Randomized controlled trials with breast cancer mortality outcomes for screening effectiveness; multiple study designs and data sources for harms. Data Extraction Investigators abstracted relevant data and rated study quality using established criteria. Data Synthesis Mammography screening reduces breast cancer mortality by 15% for women age 39 to 49 (relative risk 0.85; 95% CrI 0.75 to 0.96; 8 trials); data are lacking for age ?70. Radiation exposure from mammography is low. Patient adverse experiences are common, transient, and do not impact screening practices. Estimates of overdiagnosis vary from 1% to 10%. Younger women have more false positive mammograms and additional imaging, but fewer biopsies than older women. Trials of CBE are ongoing; for BSE, trials showed no reductions in mortality but increased benign biopsies. Limitations Studies of older women, digital mammography, and MRI are lacking. Conclusions Mammography screening reduces breast cancer mortality for women age 39 to 69; data are insufficient for older women. False positive mammograms and additional imaging are common. No benefit has been shown for CBE or BSE.

Nelson, Heidi D.; Tyne, Kari; Naik, Arpana; Bougatsos, Christina; Chan, Benjamin K.; Humphrey, Linda

2010-01-01

446

Preserving Digital Information: Report of the Task Force on Archiving of Digital Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Preserving Digital Information_, produced by a task force commissioned by The Commission on Preservation and Access (CPA) and The Research Libraries Group (RLG) is available on the Internet. The purpose of this 64-page study "was to investigate the means of ensuring 'continued access indefinitely into the future of records stored in digital electronic form.'" The authors consisted of individuals from industry, museums, archives and libraries, scholarly societies, and government, among others. Its major findings include: "1) The first line of defense against loss of valuable digital information rests with the creators, providers and owners of digital information; 2) Long-term preservation of digital information on a scale adequate for the demands of future research and scholarship will require a deep infrastructure capable of supporting a distributed system of digital archives; 3) A critical component of the digital archiving infrastructure is the existence of a sufficient number of trusted organizations capable of storing, migrating and providing access to digital collections; 4) A process of certification for digital archives is needed to create an overall climate of trust about the prospects of preserving digital information; and 5) Certified digital archives must have the right and duty to exercise an aggressive rescue function as a fail-safe mechanism for preserving valuable digital information that is in jeopardy of destruction, neglect or abandonment by its current custodian." The report is available at present in Adobe Acrobat .pdf, Microsoft Word 6.0, and ASCII rich text formats. An HTML version will be available shortly. http://www.rlg.org/ArchTF/ ftp://ftp.rlg.org/pub/archtf/ ftp to ftp.rlg.org change directory to pub/archtf

447

Interim report of the interagency coal export task force: draft for public comment. [Trade by country 1960-1979; general forecasting to 1985, 1990 and 2000  

SciTech Connect

The Interagency Coal Export Task Force was formed in the Spring of 1980 at the direction of the President, in support of the international efforts of the United States, encouraging the use of coal. Its purpose was to report on possible courses of action to increase United States steam coal exports in a manner consistent with other national policies, including our commitment to environmental protection. The Task Force assembled existing data, developed significant new information regarding the international coal market and undertook analyses of apparent problems underlying coal exports. The Task Force contributed to a public awareness of the fact that increased coal exports will serve both the domestic and international interests of the United States. Based upon extensive, independent field studies in Europe and the Far East, the Task Force concludes that there will be significant growth in world demand for steam coal. Such growth has already begun, has contributed to the almost seven-fold increase in United States overseas steam coal exports for 1990 over 1979, and is expected to continue beyond the end of this century. The growth in world steam coal trade projected in the report does not guarantee United States coal exporters a large or expanding share of the market. The United States' role depends on the buying strategies of the consuming countries, the policies and prices of competing exporters, and the actions taken by the United States to maintain reasonable prices, prompt delivery and dependable quality. Projections of United States steam coal exports, therefore, rest upon a number of highly uncertain factors which are discussed in some detail.

None

1981-01-01

448

PWR FLECHT SEASET unblocked bundle, forced and gravity reflood task. Data evaluation and analysis report. [PWR  

SciTech Connect

This analysis of the unblocked bundle task data provides further understanding of reflood heat transfer mechanisms, which can be used for assessing prediction models. A new heat transfer correlation has been developed and shown to predict the FLECHT SEASET data as well as the older FLECHT data. The scaling logic of maintaining the same integrated power per unit flow area has been proved valid, and a method has been developed to calculate steam quality just above the quench front. Improved models for estimating effluence rate and preliminary exploration of the transition zone above the quench front are discussed. Droplet size and velocity data deduced from high-speed movies taken during the tests have led to better understanding of these parameters. A model has been proposed to predict the onset of droplet entrainment, and an analytical expression to predict critical void fraction developed. A network analysis of radiation heat exchange and calculation of convective heat transfer are among efforts expected to give better prediction for heat transfer and wall temperature transients. Recommendations evolving from the data analysis are also included.

Lee, N.; Wong, S.; Yeh, H.C.; Hochreiter, L.E.

1982-02-01

449

Performance of Repetitive Tasks Induces Decreased Grip Strength and Increased Fibrogenic Proteins in Skeletal Muscle: Role of Force and Inflammation  

PubMed Central

Background This study elucidates exposure-response relationships between performance of repetitive tasks, grip strength declines, and fibrogenic-related protein changes in muscles, and their link to inflammation. Specifically, we examined forearm flexor digitorum muscles for changes in connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; a matrix protein associated with fibrosis), collagen type I (Col1; a matrix component), and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1; an upstream modulator of CTGF and collagen), in rats performing one of two repetitive tasks, with or without anti-inflammatory drugs. Methodology/Results To examine the roles of force versus repetition, rats performed either a high repetition negligible force food retrieval task (HRNF), or a high repetition high force handle-pulling task (HRHF), for up to 9 weeks, with results compared to trained only (TR-NF or TR-HF) and normal control rats. Grip strength declined with both tasks, with the greatest declines in 9-week HRHF rats. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) analyses of HRNF muscles showed increased expression of Col1 in weeks 3–9, and CTGF in weeks 6 and 9. Immunohistochemistry confirmed PCR results, and also showed greater increases of CTGF and collagen matrix in 9-week HRHF rats than 9-week HRNF rats. ELISA, and immunohistochemistry revealed greater increases of TGFB1 in TR-HF and 6-week HRHF, compared to 6-week HRNF rats. To examine the role of inflammation, results from 6-week HRHF rats were compared to rats receiving ibuprofen or anti-TNF-? treatment in HRHF weeks 4–6. Both treatments attenuated HRHF-induced increases in CTGF and fibrosis by 6 weeks of task performance. Ibuprofen attenuated TGFB1 increases and grip strength declines, matching our prior results with anti-TNF?. Conclusions/Significance Performance of highly repetitive tasks was associated with force-dependent declines in grip strength and increased fibrogenic-related proteins in flexor digitorum muscles. These changes were attenuated, at least short-term, by anti-inflammatory treatments.

Abdelmagid, Samir M.; Barr, Ann E.; Rico, Mario; Amin, Mamta; Litvin, Judith; Popoff, Steven N.; Safadi, Fayez F.; Barbe, Mary F.

2012-01-01

450

Tool Forces Developed During Friction Stir Welding.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper will describe a technique for measuring the various forces and the torque that exist on the Friction Stir Welding pin tool. Results for various plunge depths, weld speeds, rotational speed, and tool configurations will be presented. Welds made ...

M. Melendez W. Tang C. Schmidt J. C. McClure A. C. Nunes L. E. Murr

2003-01-01

451

78 FR 7415 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Under the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended), the Government in the Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and 41 CFR 102-3.150, the Department of Defense announces that the following Federal Advisory Committee meeting of the Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded, Ill, and......

2013-02-01

452

76 FR 38118 - Meeting of the Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Under the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended), the Government in the Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and 41 CFR 102-3.150, the Department of Defense announces that the following Federal Advisory Committee meeting of the Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded, Ill, and......

2011-06-29

453

Adapting to the Future-- Report of the BIO Task Force Looking to the 21st Century--Executive Summary  

NSF Publications Database

MARY E. CLUTTER Assistant Director Biological, Behavioral, and Social Sciences ADAPTING TO THE FUTURE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Preface As we approach the 21st century, no field of science has felt the accelerating pace of scientific advance more acutely than those presently encompassed by the Biological, Behavioral, and Social Sciences (BBS) Directorate of the National Science Foundation. Accordingly: The Task Force recommends that two distinct directorates be established to replace the present ...

454

Effects of sophistication and motivation on the detection of malingered memory performance using a computerized forced-choice task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study employed a computerized forced-choice recognition memory task, the Multi-Digit Memory Test (MDMT), to examine the effects of instructional set (i.e., dissimulation information provided subjects) and motivation (i.e., monetary incentive) on simulated malingering behavior in a group of 119 university undergraduate students and 33 patients sustaining varying severity of closed-head injury. For the nonpatient groups, a significant effect

Roy C. Martin; John F. Bolter; Mark E. Todd; Wm Drew Gouvier; Raymon Niccolls

1993-01-01

455

Exploring Individual Creativity from Network Structure Perspective: Comparison of Task Force Team and R&D Team  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objectives of this paper are to empirically investigate the fact that the factors affecting individual creativity differ depending on team characteristics and the fact that its practical implications are plentiful, especially for those who are concerned with how to design team network structures with a bid to motivate individual creativity. From previous studies, this paper suggests crucial factors for facilitating individual creativity: intrinsic motivation, organizational learning culture, and network structure. To maximize practical implications, we divide team characteristics into two types: task force teams and R&D teams. A task force team is organized with a clear mission to be completed within a rather short period. In contrast, an R&D team exists for a long time with numerous projects to finish with various terms and conditions. Empirical results reveal that individual creativity in the task force team should be controlled by adjusting the organizational learning culture and degree centrality, while individual creativity in the R&D team must be administered in a way that the individual's intrinsic motivation is stimulated and encouraged through the use of a structural hole through which external information from outside team is available.

Lee, Kun Chang; Chae, Seong Wook; Seo, Young Wook

456

The Movement Disorders task force review of dysautonomia rating scales in Parkinson's disease with regard to symptoms of orthostatic hypotension.  

PubMed

Orthostatic hypotension is defined as a blood pressure fall of > 20 mm Hg systolic and/or 10 mm Hg diastolic within 3 minutes of an upright position. The Movement Disorders Society commissioned a task force to assess existing clinical rating scales addressing symptoms of orthostatic hypotension in Parkinson's disease. Seven neurologists and a clinimetrician assessed each scale's previous use and critiqued its clinimetric properties. A scale was "recommended" if it had been applied to populations of patients with Parkinson's disease, with data on its use in studies beyond the group that developed the scale, and was found to be clinimetrically valid. A scale was considered "suggested" if it had been applied to Parkinson's disease, but only 1 of the other criteria was applied. A scale was "listed" if it met only 1 criterion. Symptoms of orthostatic hypotension are generally assessed in scales on wider autonomic or nonmotor symptoms. Some scales designed to detect orthostatic hypotension-related symptoms provide information on their severity: the AUTonomic SCale for Outcomes in PArkinson's Disease and the COMPosite Autonomic Symptom Scale met criteria for recommended with some limitations; the Novel Non-Motor Symptoms Scale and the Orthostatic Grading Scale were classified as suggested. The Self-completed Non-Motor Symptoms Questionnaire for Parkinson's Disease was classified as suggested as a tool for screening orthostatic symptoms. However, these and the listed scales need further validation and application before they can be recommended for clinical use in patients with Parkinson's disease. PMID:21547951

Pavy-Le Traon, Anne; Amarenco, Gerard; Duerr, Susanne; Kaufmann, Horacio; Lahrmann, Heinz; Shaftman, Stephanie R; Tison, François; Wenning, Gregor K; Goetz, Christopher G; Poewe, Werner; Sampaio, Cristina; Schrag, Anette; Stebbins, Glenn T; Rascol, Olivier

2011-09-01

457

Revisiting the multiple sclerosis functional composite: proceedings from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) Task Force on Clinical Disability Measures.  

PubMed

This article describes proceedings from a meeting of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) Task Force on Clinical Disability Measures (the TF). The TF was appointed by the NMSS Research Programs Advisory Committee with the goal of pooling and analyzing existing datasets to explore the utility of novel disability outcome measures based on the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) approach. The TF seeks to determine the suitability of the MSFC approach as a primary clinical outcome measure for registration trials in MS. The TF met in Washington, DC, Dec. 14 and 15, 2011, and provided unanimous support for a collaborative approach involving representatives from academic medicine, the pharmaceutical industry, regulatory agencies, the NMSS and the Critical Path Institute. There was also unanimous agreement that analysis of existing datasets would be useful in making progress toward the objective. The TF placed high value on determining the clinical meaning of individual component measures for the MSFC, and in establishing optimal analysis methods for MSFC so that scores would be more interpretable than the originally recommended z-score method. The background for a collaborative project aimed at developing an improved disability outcome measure is described in this paper. PMID:22740488

Ontaneda, D; LaRocca, N; Coetzee, T; Rudick, Ra

2012-08-01

458

Task Complexity, Focus on Form, and Second Language Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tasks have received increased attention in SLA research for the past decade, as has the role of focus on form. However, few empirical studies have investigated the relationship among tasks, focus-on-form techniques, and second language (L2) learning outcomes. To help address this gap, the present study examined how the task variable +/- contextual…

Revesz, Andrea

2009-01-01

459

Regional Engagement from Phase 0: A Joint Interagency Task Force for the Trans-Sahel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Bush Administration's March 2006 National Security Strategy (NSS) delineates nine essential tasks for reaching the President's goal of ending tyranny in our world. Africa's challenges, recognition of its growing strategic significance, and the impact ...

P. A. Heiniger

2006-01-01

460

Periodic health examination, 1995 update: 1. Screening for human papillomavirus infection in asymptomatic women. Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations for practising physicians on the advisability of screening for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in asymptomatic women. OPTIONS: Visual inspection, Papanicolaou testing, colposcopy or cervicography, use of HPV group-specific antigen, DNA hybridization, dot blot technique, Southern blot technique or polymerase chain reaction followed by physical or chemical therapeutic intervention. OUTCOMES: Evidence for a link between HPV infection and cervical cancer, sensitivity and specificity of HPV screening techniques, effectiveness of treatments for HPV infection, and the social and economic costs incurred by screening. EVIDENCE: MEDLINE was searched for articles published between January 1966 to June 1993 with the use of the key words "papillomavirus," "cervix neoplasms," "mass screening," "prospective studies," "prevalence," "sensitivity," "specificity," "human" and "female." VALUES: Proven cost-effective screening techniques that could lead to decreased morbidity or mortality were given a high value. The evidence-based methods and values of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination were used. BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: Potential benefits are to prevent cervical cancer and eliminate HPV infection. Potential harmful effects include the creation of an unnecessary burden on the health care system and the labelling of otherwise healthy people as patients with a sexually transmitted disease for which therapy is generally ineffective. Potential costs would include expense of testing, increased use of colposcopy and treatment. RECOMMENDATIONS: There is fair evidence to exclude HPV screening (beyond Papanicolaou testing for cervical cancer) in asymptomatic women (grade D recommendation). VALIDATION: The report was reviewed by members of the task force and three external reviewers who were selected to represent different areas of expertise. SPONSORS: These guidelines were developed and endorsed by the task force, which is funded by Health Canada and the National Health Research and Development Program. The principal author (K.J.) was supported in part by the National Health Research and Development Program through a National Health Fellowship (AIDS).

Johnson, K

1995-01-01

461

Energy shaping control for robot manipulators in explicit force regulation tasks with elastic environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we analyse and present a control approach using the energy shaping formulation to explicitly regulate the applied force of a robot manipulator in contact with a purely elastic environment. The potential energy of the robot-environment system is shaped in a way that its local equilibrium implies the application of the desired force onto the contact surface. This

David Navarro-Alarcon; Peng Li; Hiu Man Yip

2011-01-01

462

Global synthesis of volcano deformation: Results of the Volcano Deformation Task Force  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ground deformation in volcanic regions is being observed more frequently -- the number of known deforming volcanoes has increased from 44 in 1997 to more than 210 in 2013 thanks in large part thanks to the availability of satellite InSAR observations. With the launch of new SAR satellites in the coming years devoted to global deformation monitoring, the number of well-studied episodes of volcano deformation will continue to increase. But evaluating the significance of the observed deformation is not always straightforward -- how often do deformation episodes lead to eruption? Are there certain characteristics of the deformation or the volcano that make the linkage between deformation and eruption more robust -- for example the duration or magnitude of the ground deformation and/or the composition and tectonic setting of the volcano? To answer these questions, a global database of volcano deformation events is needed. Recognizing the need for global information on volcano deformation and the opportunity to address it with InSAR and other techniques, we formed the Volcano Deformation Database Task force as part of Global Volcano Model. The three objectives of our organization are: 1) to compile deformation observations of all volcanoes globally into appropriate formats for WOVOdat and the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution. 2) document any relation between deformation events and eruptions for the Global assessment of volcanic hazard and risk report for 2015 (GAR15) for the UN. 3) to better link InSAR and other remote sensing observations to volcano observatories. We present the first results from our global study of the relation between deformation and eruptions, including case studies of particular eruptions. We compile a systematically-observed catalog of >500 volcanoes with observation windows up to 20 years. Of 90 volcanoes showing deformation, 40 erupted. The positive predictive value (PPV = 0.44) linking deformation and eruption on this timescale indicates ';strong' evidential worth. The negative predictive value (NPV = 0.94) linking non-deformation with non-eruption, is even stronger. But, linking individual deformation events to eruptions is unreliable with existing InSAR data that are rarely available in the critical days to weeks before the eruption of a volcano that has been dormant for decades to millenia. For example, while ground deformation was observed before the 2011 eruptions of Cordon Caulle and Cerro Hudson (both in Chile), the observations were too infrequent to see any change in the pattern or rate of deformation before the eruptions. Before 2011, Cordon Caulle and Cerro Hudson both erupted in the 20th century, but the 2008 eruption of Chaiten (also in Chile) was preceded by centuries of dormancy and still had no measured precursory deformation up to two weeks before eruption. New InSAR missions with more frequent observations along with ground observations from tiltmeters and GPS are essential to constrain whether there is a reliable deformation signal before eruption.

Pritchard, M. E.; Jay, J.; Biggs, J.; Ebmeier, S. K.; Delgado, F.

2013-12-01

463

An overview of Task 6 of the Äspö Task Force: modelling groundwater and solute transport: improved understanding of radionuclide transport in fractured rock  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An overview is presented of a 4-year study by the Äspö Task Force on Modelling of Groundwater Flow and Transport of Solutes, whose primary aim was to build a bridge between the approaches used for site characterisation (SC) and performance assessment (PA) associated with nuclear waste repositories. Eleven modelling teams representing six national radioactive waste organisations participated in eight modelling exercises whose objectives were: to assess simplifications used in PA models; to determine how, and to what extent, experimental tracer and flow experiments can constrain the range of parameters used in PA models; to support the design of SC programmes to assure that the results have optimal value for PA calculations; and to improve the understanding of site-specific flow and transport behaviour at different scales using SC models. The modelling tasks were concerned with flow and transport through single and multiple near-planar features on SC and PA timescales, including the diffusion of solutes into multiple immobile zones adjacent to fracture surfaces. In general, tracer tests provide only limited quantitative constraints on retention parameter values relevant to PA but nevertheless provide insight about the flow and transport processes, which is a key element of the bridge between SC and PA.

Hodgkinson, David; Benabderrahmane, Hakim; Elert, Mark; Hautojärvi, Aimo; Selroos, Jan-Olof; Tanaka, Yasuharu; Uchida, Masahiro

2009-07-01

464

Defense Science Board Task Force on Future Need for VTOL/STOL Aircraft.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the start of the global war on terrorism, many operations involving U.S. forces have been supported by helicopters, to include combat operations, counterinsurgency operations, security operations, disaster relief, and humanitarian assistance operati...

D. L. Pilling J. W. Howard

2007-01-01

465

Development of a task-oriented pilot-vehicle interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description is given of the intelligent air attack system (IAAS), an experimental avionics system designed to enhance a combat pilot's situational awareness and assist him in managing and executing his tasks in a specific Navy mission, war-at-sea ship attack. Particular attention is given to the IAAS task support subsystem (TSS), a task-oriented pilot\\/vehicle interface that helps the pilot complete

Ken Funk

1989-01-01

466

Direct Space Charge Effects on the ILC Damping Rings: Task Force Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2005 a global effort was initiated to conduct studies for a baseline recommendation for the various components of the International Linear Collider (ILC). Work for the damping rings was subdivided in a number of tasks. This Report contains the contribu...

M. Venturini

2006-01-01

467

Report of the wwPDB Small-Angle Scattering Task Force: data requirements for biomolecular modeling and the PDB.  

PubMed

This report presents the conclusions of the July 12-13, 2012 meeting of the Small-Angle Scattering Task Force of the worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB; Berman et al., 2003) at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. The task force includes experts in small-angle scattering (SAS), crystallography, data archiving, and molecular modeling who met to consider questions regarding the contributions of SAS to modern structural biology. Recognizing there is a rapidly growing community of structural biology researchers acquiring and interpreting SAS data in terms of increasingly sophisticated molecular models, the task force recommends that (1) a global repository is needed that holds standard format X-ray and neutron SAS data that is searchable and freely accessible for download; (2) a standard dictionary is required for definitions of terms for data collection and for managing the SAS data repository; (3) options should be provided for including in the repository SAS-derived shape and atomistic models based on rigid-body refinement against SAS data along with specific information regarding the uniqueness and uncertainty of the model, and the protocol used to obtain it; (4) criteria need to be agreed upon for assessment of the quality of deposited SAS data and the accuracy of SAS-derived models, and the extent to which a given model fits the SAS data; (5) with the increasing diversity of structural biology data and models being generated, archiving options for models derived from diverse data will be required; and (6) thought leaders from the various structural biology disciplines should jointly define what to archive in the PDB and what complementary archives might be needed, taking into account both scientific needs and funding. PMID:23747111

Trewhella, Jill; Hendrickson, Wayne A; Kleywegt, Gerard J; Sali, Andrej; Sato, Mamoru; Schwede, Torsten; Svergun, Dmitri I; Tainer, John A; Westbrook, John; Berman, Helen M

2013-06-01

468

Heuristic Task Analysis on E-Learning Course Development: A Formative Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing heuristic task analysis (HTA), a method developed for eliciting, analyzing, and representing expertise in complex cognitive tasks, a formative research study was conducted on the task of e-learning course development to further improve the HTA process. Three instructional designers from three different post-secondary institutions in the…

Lee, Ji-Yeon; Reigeluth, Charles M.

2009-01-01

469

Responses to comments received on the draft final report of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Task Force on Radioactive Waste Management  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force solicited comments on its Draft Final Report from a variety of sources. Letters were sent to over 400 individuals who had expressed interest in the interest in the Department`s radioactive waste, management programs, a notice was placed in the Federal Register, the morning session of the January 1993 meeting of the full Secretary of Energy Advisory Board was given over to discussion of the draft, and Task Force members and staff presented the effort at several professional meetings. Altogether 32 written comments were received. They are reproduced here, followed in each case by the Task Force`s response to specific suggestions made to improve the draft. (The panel did not respond to comments that simply reflected policy preferences or that praised the group`s effort.) With one exception, those specific suggestions are highlighted and given a letter designation from {open_quotes}A{close_quotes} to {open_quotes}Z{close_quotes}. The Task Force`s responses, written in the Fall 1993, are labeled in a like manner. For the one exception, a comments submitted by Judy Treichel, the Task Force`s response is printed on copies of her annotated pages.

Not Available

1994-10-01

470

Screening for Chlamydial Infection: A Focused Evidence Update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Evidence Synthesis Number 48.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2001, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) commissioned a systematic review of the evidence on screening for chlamydial infection. Based on this review, the USPSTF found good evidence supporting screening for chlamydial infection a...

D. S. Meyers H. Halvorson S. Luckhaupt

2007-01-01

471

URISA (Urban and Regional Information Systems Association) National Geographic Information Cooperation, Coordination, Collaboration Task Force (3CTF) 2002-2004 Report and Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

URISA's National Geographic Information Cooperation, Coordination, Collaboration Task Force (3CTF) was formed in October 2002 to help raise awareness about the issues related to realization of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) and to contrib...

Z. Nevovic-Budic

2005-01-01

472

Screening for Child and Adolescent Depression in Primary Care Settings: A Systematic Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Evidence Synthesis Number 69.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This systematic review to aid the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) in updating its 2002 recommendation on screening for child and adolescent depression among average-risk, primary care populations. This report summarizes the evidence ...

E. O'Connor E. Whitlock M. Eder S. B. Williams

2009-01-01

473

Call to Action Advancing Essential Services and Research on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. A Report of the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2004, the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect, coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, established a working group committed to ...

C. A. Morris C. W. Brown H. C. Olson K. Damus M. J. O'Connor M. M. Ohlemiller

2009-01-01

474

Unaccounted-for gas project. Measurement Task Force (non-orifice meter studies). Volume 2A. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The study was conducted to determine unaccounted-for (UAF) gas volumes resulting from operating Pacific Gas and Electric Co.'s transmission and distribution systems during 1987. The Measurement Task Force identified the amount of UAF attributable to measurement inaccuracies. Results show that the major residential measurement-related UAF elements, fixed-factor temperature and elevation/barometric pressure effects, contribute to UAF due to assumptions inherent in the billing calculation for average temperature and elevation which are then applied to all residential customers.

Luttrell, D.J.; Noistering, R.H.; Peterson, J.D.; Cowgill, R.M.; Waller, R.L.

1990-06-01

475

Development of "hot" executive function: the children's gambling task.  

PubMed

Development of affective decision-making was studied in 48 children at two ages (3 and 4 years) using a simplified version of the Iowa Gambling Task (). On each of 50 trials, children chose from 1 of 2 decks of cards that, when turned, displayed happy and sad faces, corresponding to rewards (candies) won and lost, respectively. Cards in 1 deck offered more rewards per trial, but were disadvantageous across trials due to occasional large losses; cards in the other deck offered fewer rewards per trial, but were advantageous overall. On later trials, 4-year-olds made more advantageous choices than 3-year-olds, and 4-year-olds made more advantageous choices than would be expected by chance, whereas 3-year-olds made more disadvantageous choices than would be expected by chance. These findings, which were especially pronounced for girls, indicate that affective decision-making develops rapidly during the preschool period, possibly reflecting the growth of neural systems involving orbitofrontal cortex. PMID:15134849

Kerr, Aurora; Zelazo, Philip David

2004-06-01

476

Multi-state Beef Reproduction Task Force provides science-based recommendations for the application of reproductive technologies.  

PubMed

Since its formation, the Beef Reproduction Task Force (BRTF) has worked to enhance productivity and profitability of US beef herds by integrating research and extension efforts with the intent of more effectively transferring the use of reproductive technologies to the field. A key early step was to coordinate efforts in identifying effective breeding management protocols for beef cattle and to clarify their associated acronyms. A short list of recommended protocols and their acronyms for synchronization of estrus and ovulation in beef cattle was developed based on results from peer-reviewed, published research and a comprehensive review of data collected from the field. The list of recommended protocols was developed by the BRTF in cooperation with veterinarians and cattle AI industries. These protocols and their acronyms are presented uniformly in all of the major AI sire directories and are available online at http://www.beefrepro.info. Protocol updates are made annually to incorporate the most recent research findings related to estrous cycle control in beef cattle. The Estrus Synchronization Planner, a software program developed in cooperation with the Iowa Beef Center, now reflects these same recommendations. Beginning in 2002, the BRTF hosted and presented 11 educational workshops to more than 1,900 attendees in key cow-calf states. These Applied Reproductive Strategies in Beef Cattle workshops targeted beef producers, AI industry personnel, veterinarians, allied industry representatives, and academicians. A national media sponsor provided online coverage of the last 3 workshops at http://www.appliedreprostrategies.com. A postmeeting evaluation, developed to assess application of information from 2 recent workshops, was returned by 55% of those contacted (n = 150). Attendees averaged 16 (± 13.4 SD) yr of AI experience, and 80% of respondents represented more than 100 cows. Respondents were asked to estimate the value of AI-sired calves compared with natural-service-sired calves to their operation on a per-animal-marketed basis, and 17 and 31% responded $50 to $100 per animal and more than $100 per animal, respectively. As a result of what was learned at these conferences, 78% of respondents were better able to troubleshoot management-related issues, 60% made alterations to a protocol they had been using, and 35% of the respondents indicated they changed to a different estrus synchronization protocol. PMID:21571895

Johnson, S K; Funston, R N; Hall, J B; Kesler, D J; Lamb, G C; Lauderdale, J W; Patterson, D J; Perry, G A; Strohbehn, D R

2011-09-01

477

Public Hearing: Report of the Proceedings of a Public Hearing of the Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology (Atlanta, Georgia, March 2, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

478

Preparing Michigan Students for the Jobs of Tomorrow: The Report of the Tech Prep Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both secondary schools and community colleges are under pressure to increase the technical content of their curricula to produce graduates who can fill highly skilled technician jobs in a changing work force. Technical Preparation (Tech Prep) Programs are partnerships between these two institutional levels that incorporate career counseling and…

Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

479