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1

Economic and Workforce Development. [Final Task Force Report].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the vision and priorities of Howard Community College's (HCC's) Economic and Workforce Development Task Force. The task force's commission was to identify the long- and short-term skills businesses will demand of the workforce in the Greater Baltimore area and what Howard Community College must do to continue developing

Howard Community Coll., Columbia, MD.

2

"ZERO TO THREE's" Task Force on Culture and Development: Learning to Walk the Talk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Executive Committee at "ZERO TO THREE" created a Task Force on Culture and Development to deepen our understanding of the role of culture in child development and to guide the organization through a self-assessment process to better understand how staff and board members address the issue of culture in their work. The task force's literature…

Mann, Tammy; Steward, Marva; Eggbeer, Linda; Norton, Dolores

2007-01-01

3

Task Force Report 3. Report of the Task Force on Continuous Personal, Professional, and Practice Development in Family Medicine  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE This Future of Family Medicine task force report proposes a plan for lifelong learning that is designed to ensure family physicians are prepared to deliver the core attributes and system services of family medicine throughout their careers, especially within the New Model of family medicine that has been proposed. METHODS This report is based on consideration of the proposed New Model for family medicine, along with a careful review of the data generated through research conducted for the Future of Family Medicine project. The personal and professional development of family physicians and the continuous improvement of their practices were considered with an orientation toward providing systems to support the family patient-physician covenant. As a foundation for developing its plan for lifelong learning, the task force explored domains of management mastery, including the management of knowledge and information, the management of relationships, the management of care processes, and cultural proficiency. MAJOR FINDINGS This report presents a number of proposed innovations that have the potential to assure that family physicians deliver the core attributes of family medicine throughout their careers, including linking the family physician’s personal and professional development in a developmental context, based on ongoing self-assessment through the career stages of a family physician, and the creation of continuous personal and professional development modules as a new foundation for continuing medical education and professional development. The process for the continual improvement of clinical practice in family medicine must begin with a close working relationship between the academic community and the practice community. This relationship should be iterative over time, with research creating new practice innovations, which in turn create new questions for the research enterprise. CONCLUSION While traditional continuing medical education (CME) has served to meet many of the original tasks for which it was designed, the current model does not meet many of the emerging needs of patients, physicians, or health delivery systems. For this reason, traditional CME should be replaced with a process that incorporates personal, professional, and practice development. In order to build a more dynamic and effective way to support lifelong learning and performance change, this new process must address the needs that accompany the personal and professional developmental challenges encountered throughout the course of a family physician’s professional lifetime.

Jones, Warren A.; Avant, Robert F.; Davis, Nancy; Saultz, John; Lyons, Paul

2004-01-01

4

Digital Library Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1995, the IEEE Computer Society established the Task Force on Digital Libraries as a first step leading to a full-fledged Technical Committee. The task force is to promote research in the theory and practice of all aspects of digital libraries. The task force sponsors activities that benefit its members and profession. Such activities include sponsoring and co-sponsoring symposia, sessions

N. R. Adam; R. Holowczak; M. Halem; N. Lal; Y. Yesha

1996-01-01

5

Financial Action Task Force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1989, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body whose purpose is "the development and promotion of national and international policies to combat money laundering and terrorist financing." Users who are new to the site can get started quickly by looking over the "Quick Links" section on the right-hand side of the homepage. Here they will find a handbook that details how the FATF creates its profiles, information on the methodology, and primary recommendations for creating a coherent set of counter-measures against money laundering. Also, the site includes a "Publications" area, which contains short summaries of reports, along with annual reports dating from 1990 and newsletters from 2007. Finally, the site also contains a listing of recent news items and upcoming events and conferences sponsored by the FATF.

6

Space station operations task force. Panel 3 report: User development and integration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The User Development and Integration Panel of the Space Station Operations Task Force was chartered to develop concepts relating to the operations of the Space Station manned base and the platforms, user accommodation and integration activities. The needs of the user community are addressed in the context with the mature operations phase of the Space Station. Issues addressed include space station pricing options, marketing strategies, payload selection and resource allocation options, and manifesting techniques.

1987-01-01

7

Stem Cell Task Force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) provides an overview of the activities of an NIH task force established to move the stem cell research agenda forward. The section titled Scientific Research may be of particular interest to researchers in this area. It provides links to the Web sites of stem cell-related research at a number of NIH institutes, as well as an extensive information index, a FAQs page about stem cell research, information on funding opportunities, and much more.

8

Satellite Communications and Educational Television in Less Developed Countries. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper submitted to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy discusses the implications of satellites on communications development in less developed countries. A global satellite system promises fast, direct, international communications to nations whose present surface facilities are inadequate--at a considerable savings over…

Rostow, Eugene V.

9

Economics of simulation task force  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is both logical and appropriate for decision-makers to ask for ways to judge the value of simulation. Often, the request is even more pointed than just wanting a report on the value of simulation, and specifics on the economics of simulation are requested. Clearly, undertaking to answer questions about the economics of simulation will be critical to building an understanding of how to spend future marginal National Defense dollars. As an example, one can evaluate the economics of simulation where it supports our ability to develop, build, and test new weapon systems. Here, historically derived returns on investment, cost avoidance, cycle time reductions, and lifecycle cost savings have been documented and warrant further investigation. However, there is a larger area of use for simulation where judging its value must go beyond economics. Simulation, in most uses, has a value (or benefit or impact) beyond cost savings, and most efforts to understand the economics of simulation really intend to include the more general topic of the value of simulation. The broader question of the value of simulation will be tackled because simulation must prove its worth. If it is adequately funded and intelligently used, simulation will save valuable national resources and improve readiness. A task force of volunteers is now looking at the economics (benefits, value, impact) of simulation, and this paper seeks to provide an overview of the state of understanding of this topic and solicit volunteers to join this task force effort.

Gordon, Steven C.

2001-09-01

10

Agencies Approve Bacteria TMDL Task Force Recommendations  

E-print Network

tx H2O | pg. 10 In June 2007 the Texas Commission onEnvironmental Quality (TCEQ) and the TexasState Soil and Water Conservation Board (TSSW- CB) approved the recommendations of the Bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Task Force and asked... their agencies to update their TMDL guidance documents to reflect these recommendations. They also authorized establishing a multi-agency bacteria TMDL work group to examine the research and development needs identified in the task force report. Both TCEQ...

Wythe, Kathy

2007-01-01

11

Muon Task Force Valeri Lebedev  

E-print Network

Possible experiments Next generation (g-2) if motivated by next round (theory, LHC) Next generation -to of experiments High energy, small repetition rate (~10-100 Hz, fast extraction from ring) (g-2) Small energyMuon Task Force Valeri Lebedev Sergei Striganov and Vitaly Pronskikh Contents Introduction Basics

McDonald, Kirk

12

Development of residential-conservation-survey methodology for the US Air Force. Interim report. Task two  

SciTech Connect

A US Air Force (USAF) Residential Energy Conservation Methodology was developed to compare USAF needs and available data to the procedures of the Residential Conservation Service (RCS) program as developed for general use by utility companies serving civilian customers. Attention was given to the data implications related to group housing, climatic data requirements, life-cycle cost analysis, energy saving modifications beyond those covered by RCS, and methods for utilizing existing energy consumption data in approaching the USAF survey program. Detailed information and summaries are given on the five subtasks of the program. Energy conservation alternatives are listed and the basic analysis techniques to be used in evaluating their thermal performane are described. (MCW)

Abrams, D. W.; Hartman, T. L.; Lau, A. S.

1981-11-13

13

Muon Collider Task Force Report  

SciTech Connect

Muon Colliders offer a possible long term path to lepton-lepton collisions at center-of-mass energies {radical}s {ge} 1 TeV. In October 2006 the Muon Collider Task Force (MCTF) proposed a program of advanced accelerator R&D aimed at developing the Muon Collider concept. The proposed R&D program was motivated by progress on Muon Collider design in general, and in particular, by new ideas that have emerged on muon cooling channel design. The scope of the proposed MCTF R&D program includes muon collider design studies, helical cooling channel design and simulation, high temperature superconducting solenoid studies, an experimental program using beams to test cooling channel RF cavities and a 6D cooling demonstration channel. The first year of MCTF activities are summarized in this report together with a brief description of the anticipated FY08 R&D activities. In its first year the MCTF has made progress on (1) Muon Collider ring studies, (2) 6D cooling channel design and simulation studies with an emphasis on the HCC scheme, (3) beam preparations for the first HPRF cavity beam test, (4) preparations for an HCC four-coil test, (5) further development of the MANX experiment ideas and studies of the muon beam possibilities at Fermilab, (6) studies of how to integrate RF into an HCC in preparation for a component development program, and (7) HTS conductor and magnet studies to prepare for an evaluation of the prospects for of an HTS high-field solenoid build for a muon cooling channel.

Ankenbrandt, C.; Alexahin, Y.; Balbekov, V.; Barzi, E.; Bhat, C.; Broemmelsiek, D.; Bross, A.; Burov, A.; Drozhdin, A.; Finley, D.; Geer, S.; /Fermilab /Argonne /Brookhaven /Jefferson Lab /LBL, Berkeley /MUONS Inc., Batavia /UCLA /UC, Riverside /Mississippi U.

2007-12-01

14

Head Start Health Coordinators' Task Force Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Head Start Health Coordinator's Task Force (HCTF) was charged to study and make recommendations to strengthen Head Start's health component, which is a vital part of the child development program. Since its inception in 1965, Head Start has served over 12 million economically disadvantaged children. Through the health component, children have…

Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Head Start Bureau.

15

Professional Development: A Six-Year Data Evaluation of HIDTA Law Enforcement Task Force Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a nationwide six-year data study of law enforcement training and professional development in relationship to workplace productivity. Why do we care about law enforcement training and professional development? Because the law enforcement environment is not standing still. Unlawful activity, and in particular drug trafficking strategies,…

Burnett, Larry D.

2012-01-01

16

3 CFR - Task Force on Space Industry Workforce and Economic Development  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...men and women who work in Florida's aerospace industry are some of the most talented...and other opportunities for affected aerospace workers so they are equipped to contribute...economic development opportunities for aerospace communities and workers affected...

2011-01-01

17

77 FR 22056 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...as a small business; (4) Reducing paperwork and administrative burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing and improving training and counseling services; and (6) Making other...

2012-04-12

18

78 FR 45996 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...as a small business; (4) Reducing paperwork and administrative burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing and improving training and counseling services; and (6) Making other...

2013-07-30

19

75 FR 62438 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...as a small business; (4) Reducing paperwork and administrative burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing and improving training and counseling services; and (6) Making other...

2010-10-08

20

Antiphospholipid Syndrome Clinical Research Task Force report.  

PubMed

The Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) Clinical Research Task Force (CRTF) was one of six Task Forces developed by the 13(th) International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies (aPL) organization committee with the purpose of: a) evaluating the limitations of APS clinical research and developing guidelines for researchers to help improve the quality of APS research; and b) prioritizing the ideas for a well-designed multicenter clinical trial and discussing the pragmatics of getting such a trial done. Following a systematic working algorithm, the Task Force identified five major issues that impede APS clinical research and the ability to develop evidence-based recommendations for the management of aPL-positive patients: (1) aPL detection has been based on partially or non-standardized tests, and clinical (and basic) APS research studies have included patients with heterogeneous aPL profiles with different clinical event risks; (2) clinical (and basic) APS research studies have included a heterogeneous group of patients with different aPL-related manifestations (some controversial); (3) thrombosis and/or pregnancy risk stratification and quantification are rarely incorporated in APS clinical research; (4) most APS clinical studies include patients with single positive aPL results and/or low-titer aPL ELISA results; furthermore, study designs are mostly retrospective and not population based, with limited number of prospective and/or controlled population studies; and (5) lack of the understanding the particular mechanisms of aPL-mediated clinical events limits the optimal clinical study design. The Task Force recommended that there is an urgent need for a truly international collaborative approach to design and conduct well-designed prospective large-scale multi-center clinical trials of patients with persistent and clinically significant aPL profiles. An international collaborative meeting to formulate a good research question using 'FINER' (Feasible; Interesting; Novel; Ethical; and Relevant) criteria took place in November 2010. PMID:21303838

Erkan, D; Derksen, R; Levy, R; Machin, S; Ortel, T; Pierangeli, S; Roubey, R; Lockshin, M

2011-02-01

21

Academic Integrity Task Force Report Executive Summary  

E-print Network

) ­ co-chair Kenneth Gerhardt (Graduate School) Stephen Hagen (CLAS) Angela Lindner (Engineering) Chris) Paul Robinson (Student Representative) Paul Sindelar (Education) PRIMARY TASK FORCE ACTIVITIES: Review

Roy, Subrata

22

Community interventions to promote healthy social environments: early childhood development and family housing. A report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services.  

PubMed

The sociocultural environment exerts a fundamental influence on health. Interventions to improve education, housing, employment, and access to health care contribute to healthy and safe environments and improved community health. The Task Force on Community Preventive Services (the Task Force) has conducted systematic reviews of early childhood development interventions and family housing interventions. The topics selected provide a unique, albeit small, beginning of the review of evidence that interventions do effectively address sociocultural factors that influence health. Based on these reviews, the Task Force strongly recommends publicly funded, center-based, comprehensive early childhood development programs for low-income children aged 3-5 years. The basis for the recommendation is evidence of effectiveness in preventing developmental delay, assessed by improvements in grade retention and placement in special education. The Task Force also recommends housing subsidy programs for low-income families, which provide rental vouchers for use in the private housing market and allow families choice in residential location. This recommendation is based on outcomes of improved neighborhood safety and families' reduced exposure to violence. The Task Force concludes that insufficient evidence is available on which to base a recommendation for or against creation of mixed-income housing developments that provide safe and affordable housing in neighborhoods with adequate goods and services. This report provides additional information regarding these recommendations, briefly describes how the reviews were conducted, and discusses implications for applying the interventions locally. PMID:11843093

Anderson, Laurie M; Shinn, Carolynne; St, Charles Joseph; Fullilove, Mindy T; Scrimshaw, Susan C; Fielding, Jonathan E; Normand, Jacques; Sanchez-Way, Ruth; Richardson, Todd

2002-02-01

23

Bilateral synergies in foot force production tasks.  

PubMed

We analysed the effects of task symmetry during bilateral accurate force production tasks performed by the two feet. In particular, we tested a hypothesis that bilateral deficit would lead to higher indices of synergies defined as co-varied adjustments in the two forces across trials that reduced total force variability. The subjects produced steady-state force followed by a quick force pulse into the target. The two feet could be acting both into plantar flexion and into dorsiflexion (symmetrical tasks), or in opposite directions (asymmetrical task). We used the framework of the uncontrolled manifold hypothesis to quantify two variance components, one of which did not change total force (V UCM), while the other did (V ORT). Synergy indices during the asymmetrical task were higher than in either symmetrical task. The difference was due to higher V UCM (compared to the symmetrical plantar flexion task) or lower V ORT (compared to the symmetrical dorsiflexion task). The synergy index showed a drop (anticipatory synergy adjustment, ASA) starting 100-150 ms prior to the force pulse initiation. The ASA tended to be shorter and of a smaller magnitude for the asymmetrical task. This is the first demonstration of bilateral synergies during accurate force production by the legs. We conclude that bilateral deficit has no or weak effects on two-leg synergies. The results fit the earlier introduced scheme with two groups of neural variables defining average performance of a redundant system and patterns of co-variation among its elemental variables, respectively. PMID:23568657

Sarabon, Nejc; Markovic, Goran; Mikulic, Pavle; Latash, Mark L

2013-05-01

24

SPECIAL TASK FORCE ON RACIAL DISCRIMINATION: FINAL RECOMMENDATIONS---DRAFT FOR TASK FORCE REVIEW BEFORE FINAL  

E-print Network

1 SPECIAL TASK FORCE ON RACIAL DISCRIMINATION: FINAL RECOMMENDATIONS--- DRAFT FOR TASK FORCE REVIEW to the aggressive recruitment of female faculty and faculty of color; and commit to their retention, promotion

Su, Xiao

25

Plant Sciences Task Force Report and Recommendations  

E-print Network

Plant Sciences Task Force Report and Recommendations 29 May 2009 I. Executive Summary A Plant Sciences Task Force was appointed in January 2009 to review the current status of undergraduate programs in the plant sciences and make recommendations for enhancement of efficiency, effectiveness

Jawitz, James W.

26

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge)  

E-print Network

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge) The Task Force will advise the Chancellor and Campus Provost/Executive Vice Chancellor (CP/EVC) on current and past water use and provide recommendations on implementation of policies for potable water use reductions in support of The Regents Policy on Sustainable

California at Santa Cruz, University of

27

Sustainability Initiative Task Force Final Report  

E-print Network

UW­Madison Sustainability Initiative Task Force Final Report October 2010 #12;We are pleased to present the final report of the campus Sustainability Task Force. This report fulfills the charge we gave to sustainability for consideration by UW­Madison's leadership and campus community. There are many reasons why

Sheridan, Jennifer

28

Report of the Task Force on Institutional Effectiveness Measures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Institutional Effectiveness Measures was formed by the State Board of Directors for Community Colleges of Arizona to develop a statewide plan for systematically demonstrating the degree to which community colleges accomplish their diverse missions. Two subgroups were formed in the Task Force on transfer and college programs and…

Arizona State Board of Directors for Community Colleges, Phoenix.

29

Recommendations for the Application of Biostatistical Methods During the Development and Validation of Alternative Toxicological Methods ECVAM Biostatistics Task Force Report 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary — Assessment of the relevance and reliability of alternative toxicological methods requires the application of biostatistical methods. This report contains the recommendations of the ECVAM Task Force on Biostatistics for the appropriate use of biometrical methods, and for closer collaboration between biostatisticians and experimental toxicologists in the development and validation of alternative methods. The main objectives of these recommendations

Hermann-Georg Holzhiitter; Graeme Archer; Nadia Dami; David P. Lovell; Michael Sjostrom

30

Future Opportunities for Television. Part II. Telecommunications in Urban Development. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Six, Part B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An appendix to a staff paper on telecommunications in urban development, submitted to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy, describes possible uses of new communications technology in the ghetto. Television, the most widely spread and most promising medium, has potential for improving education, increasing community awareness, and…

Rostow, Eugene V.

31

Space station operations task force summary report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A companion to the Space Stations Operation Task Force Panels' Reports, this document summarizes all space station program goals, operations, and the characteristics of the expected user community. Strategies for operation and recommendations for implementation are included.

1987-01-01

32

Task III: Development of an Effective Computational Methodology for Body Force Representation of High-speed Rotor 37  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A framework for an effective computational methodology for characterizing the stability and the impact of distortion in high-speed multi-stage compressor is being developed. The methodology consists of using a few isolated-blade row Navier-Stokes solutions for each blade row to construct a body force database. The purpose of the body force database is to replace each blade row in a multi-stage compressor by a body force distribution to produce same pressure rise and flow turning. To do this, each body force database is generated in such a way that it can respond to the changes in local flow conditions. Once the database is generated, no hrther Navier-Stokes computations are necessary. The process is repeated for every blade row in the multi-stage compressor. The body forces are then embedded as source terms in an Euler solver. The method is developed to have the capability to compute the performance in a flow that has radial as well as circumferential non-uniformity with a length scale larger than a blade pitch; thus it can potentially be used to characterize the stability of a compressor under design. It is these two latter features as well as the accompanying procedure to obtain the body force representation that distinguish the present methodology from the streamline curvature method. The overall computational procedures have been developed. A dimensional analysis was carried out to determine the local flow conditions for parameterizing the magnitudes of the local body force representation of blade rows. An Euler solver was modified to embed the body forces as source terms. The results from the dimensional analysis show that the body forces can be parameterized in terms of the two relative flow angles, the relative Mach number, and the Reynolds number. For flow in a high-speed transonic blade row, they can be parameterized in terms of the local relative Mach number alone.

Tan, Choon-Sooi; Suder, Kenneth (Technical Monitor)

2003-01-01

33

Community hoarding task forces: a comparative case study of five task forces in the United States.  

PubMed

During the past decade, many community task forces have formed to address hoarding problems that come to public attention. Such task forces provide a societal-level intervention to assist people with the most severe cases of hoarding, who do not voluntarily seek or want help for their hoarding behaviour. This qualitative study of five U.S. hoarding task forces included sites selected for their diversity of purpose, approaches to hoarding intervention and community geography, composition and resources. Data were collected during the period of September 2007-March 2008. The case study methodology used multiple forms of data, including semi-structured interviews, analysis of documents, small group interviews and investigator observation. This study captured the perspectives of public and private sector service providers such as mental health, housing, social service, public health agencies and community enforcement organisations (fire, police, legal, animal control) to examine how task forces organise and operate and the emerging practice and policy changes. Study findings suggest that structural factors (e.g. leadership, purpose, funding and membership) impact hoarding task force viability, that participation on a task force influences practice and policy decisions about hoarding, and that social work can expand its role in task force leadership. Task forces may be a mechanism for improving community policies about hoarding and mechanisms for addressing other social problems across multiple sectors. PMID:23199135

Bratiotis, Christiana

2013-05-01

34

Task Force on Health Care.  

PubMed

The five leading issues identified, in order of importance, were 1. The need for treatment outcome and efficacy data. 2. The need for changes in clinical and academic preparation of entry-level practitioners. 3. The lack of inclusion or use of services for communication and related disorders in public and private health care programs. 4. The need for greater professional autonomy within the health care system. 5. The need to improve services to underserved populations with communication and related disorders. This report was forwarded to key National Office staff and appropriate ASHA boards, councils, and committees for the purposes of determining its feasibility and developing a national plan for action. The feasibility and action plan will detail completed, ongoing and future activities of the Association related to each issue, recommendation, and strategy. Periodic review of the actions taken and progress achieved will be monitored by the Executive Board, other appropriate boards and councils, and designated National Office staff. The plan represents a progressive view of needed change for the professions of speech-language pathology and audiology within the context of the broader health care delivery system. PMID:8216494

1993-09-01

35

U.S. Transport Task Force 2010  

SciTech Connect

The Transport Task Force (TTF) Meeting is a venue for vigorous scientific discourse and discussion on topics in transport and turbulence in fusion plasmas. Its participation is international. The 2010 meeting was highly effective, with 139 registered participants and 131 presentations. This is remarkable for an even year (IAEA year) meeting. The meeting clearly fostered progress in understanding and control of turbulent transport.

Diamond, P.H.

2011-09-21

36

Purple Paper: Pathways Critical Thinking Task Force  

E-print Network

Purple Paper: Pathways Critical Thinking Task Force Truman State University--Summer 2011 Natalie understanding of how students achieve this goal. Working Definitions Critical Thinking o The ability of ambiguity. Both are aspects of critical thinking, although different disciplines may emphasize one or other

Gering, Jon C.

37

REPORT OF THE DARK ENERGY TASK FORCE  

E-print Network

REPORT OF THE DARK ENERGY TASK FORCE (DETF) Dark energy appears to be the dominant component. These circumstances demand an ambitious observational program to determine the dark energy properties as well postulating that 70% of the universe is composed of mysterious "dark energy" that drives the acceleration

Baumgardt, Holger

38

REPORT OF THE DARK ENERGY TASK FORCE  

E-print Network

REPORT OF THE DARK ENERGY TASK FORCE Andreas Albrecht, University of California, Davis Gary. Suntzeff, Texas A&M University Dark energy appears to be the dominant component of the physical Universe a full understanding of the cosmic acceleration. For these reasons, the nature of dark energy ranks among

Hu, Wayne

39

Dean's Task Force on Engineering Leadership  

E-print Network

Dean's Task Force on Engineering Leadership Education Final Report May 5, 2010 Doug Reeve (Chair, Membership 1. There is an Urgent Need for Engineering Le 2. Leadership Education ...8 Engineering Leaders. Capability and Compe Engineering Leadership 5 Curriculum Concepts Co-curricular Concepts Extra

40

Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Youth Suicide. Volume 1: Overview and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an overview of the issues involved in youth suicide which were considered by the Secretary's Task Force on Youth Suicide assembled by the Secretary of Health and Human Services. The findings of the task force are presented. The task force concluded that: (1) state of knowledge about youth suicide is much less developed than…

Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.

41

AEA/USA Task Force on Voluntary Learning. Task Force Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of law, force, social pressure, and other forms of compulsion to "encourage" lifelong learning and to expand the market for adult education has been a growing concern for many adult educators. Because of the proliferation of requirements for mandatory continuing education (MCE), a task force was formed to study MCE, and to mobilize opinion…

Heaney, Thomas W., Ed.

42

76 FR 11307 - Small Business Information Security Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Force AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice...meeting minutes for the Small Business Information Security Task Force...4)(A) of the Credit Card Accountability Responsibility...third meeting of the Small Business Information Security Task...

2011-03-01

43

77 FR 16256 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...94140-1341-0000-N5] Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting AGENCY: Fish...notice announces a meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The ANS...introduction and dispersal of aquatic nuisance species; to monitor, control,...

2012-03-20

44

3 CFR - Establishing a Task Force on Childhood Obesity  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Establishing a Task Force on Childhood Obesity Presidential Documents Other Presidential...Establishing a Task Force on Childhood Obesity Memorandum for the Heads of Executive...Agencies Across our country, childhood obesity has reached epidemic rates and, as...

2011-01-01

45

76 FR 22685 - Interagency Management Task Force Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...SUMMARY: The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) will hold...of the Interagency Energy Management Task Force (Task Force...femp.energy.gov/news/events.html for the time, location...on current Federal energy management activities. FOR FURTHER...

2011-04-22

46

Urban Consortium Energy Task Force - Year 21 Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Urban Consortium Energy Task Force (UCETF), comprised of representatives of large cities and counties in the United States, is a subgroup of the Urban Consortium, an organization of the nation's largest cities and counties joined together to identify, develop and deploy innovative approaches and technological solutions to pressing urban issues.

NONE

2003-04-01

47

Bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load Task Force Final Report  

E-print Network

TR-341 2009 Bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load Task Force Final Report By C. Allan Jones and Kevin Wagner, Texas Water Resources Institute; George Di Giovanni, Texas AgriLife Research; Larry... Introduction 4 Bacteria Fate and Transport Models 6 Bacteria Source Tracking 23 Recommended Approach for Bacteria TMDL and Implementation Plan Development 36...

Jones, C. Allan; Wagner, Kevin; Di Giovanni, George; Hauck, Larry; Mott, Joanna; Rifai, Hanadi; Srinivasan, Raghavan; Ward, George; Wythe, Kathy

48

Report of the Task Force on Allocations Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task force report examines the University of Wyoming's current allocation practices, the allocations themselves, and the expenditure process according to how effectively they support the university library's collection development goals. Individual aspects of the current allocation process are reviewed, including the university budget…

Shelton, Diana; And Others

49

Indian Nations At Risk Task Force: Listen to the People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indian Nations At Risk Task Force commissioned 20 papers to review current conditions in Native American education and set forth rationale, plans, and strategies for action. This introduction to the commissioned papers describes the work of the Task Force. Comprised of 14 individuals, the Task Force met 5 times between May 1990 and May 1991 to…

Charleston, G. Mike; King, Gaye Leia

50

Provost's Task Force on Research Computing October 8, 2008  

E-print Network

Provost's Task Force on Research Computing Report October 8, 2008 Terry Magnuson, Task Force Chair;Research Computing Task Force Report 2 Introduction Excellence in research sustains the University. Computing has become fundamental to all fields of research. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Crews, Stephen

51

2014 Vermont State Fair Teen Task Force Application  

E-print Network

2014 Vermont State Fair Teen Task Force Application After reviewing the descriptions of the Teen: ______________________________________________ E-mail ________________________________ Teen Task Force position you are applying for: 1st Choice status. #12;2014 Vermont State Fair Teen Task Force Opportunities General Assistant(s) Responsibilities

Hayden, Nancy J.

52

Design and conduct of early clinical studies of two or more targeted anticancer therapies: recommendations from the task force on Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies.  

PubMed

The Methodology for the Development of Innovative Cancer Therapies (MDICT) task force considered aspects of the design and conduct of early (phase I and II) studies of combinations of molecular targeted agents during their 2012 meeting. The task force defined necessary non-clinical data, such as evidence of additive or synergistic effects in multiple molecularly credentialed and validated models, and appropriate pharmacodynamic marker development. A robust hypothesis was considered critical while non-clinical pharmacokinetic studies were also considered valuable. Clinical trials should include clear objectives that will prove or disprove the hypothesis. Predictive biomarkers/classifiers should be explored in phase I studies, rather than used to select patients. Trial design should be efficient and flexible rather than based on a strict progression from phase I to II to III; researchers could consider phase I studies with an expansion cohort, Phase I/II designs or phase II studies with a safety run in. Pharmacokinetics are recommended when interactions or overlapping toxicity is expected. Pharmacodynamic evaluations should be considered especially in a subset of patients closest to the recommended dose; an attempt should be made to validate surrogate tissues to enable inclusion for all patients. Schedule and or dose should be formally explored for e.g. with a randomised or an adaptive design. Data and knowledge sharing was strongly recommended, including the creation of formal or informal consortia of laboratories with individual expertise in pathway or target based models, collaboration between companies to ensure that agents which are 'best in class' are combined, and the development of databases which will be able to inform the development of future recommendations/guidelines. PMID:23428669

Seymour, Lesley K; Calvert, A Hilary; Lobbezoo, Marinus W; Eisenhauer, Elizabeth A; Giaccone, Giuseppe

2013-05-01

53

Learning Partnerships: Strengthening American Jobs in the Global Economy. A Report of the Task Force on Workforce Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Global competition, sweeping technological change, and demographic shifts in the labor force call for a national campaign to improve the skills and professionalism of the American workforce. This document calls for the creation of new learning partnerships throughout communities and workplaces to sustain middle-class jobs, pay the social costs of…

Albert Shanker Institute, 2004

2004-01-01

54

4-3-2014 Diversity Task Force Judge: . . . of the San Jose State University Special Task Force on Racial  

E-print Network

4-3-2014 Diversity Task Force Page 1 Judge: . . . of the San Jose State University Special Task Force on Racial Discrimination. I'm Judge Cordell and I'm the Chair of the Task Force. First we're going President of Student Affairs, California State University, Los Angeles. Female: Maria Luisa Alaniz, Faculty

Su, Xiao

55

IEEE Computer Society Task Force on Cluster Computing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The TFCC is an international forum promoting cluster computing research and education. It participates in helping to set up and promote technical standards in this area. The Task Force is concerned with issues related to the design, analysis, development and implementation of cluster-based systems. Of particular interest are: cluster hardware technologies, distributed environments, application tools and utilities, as well as the development and optimisation of cluster-based applications.

56

Report of the Personnel Task Force [And] Report of the Selected Studies Task Force [And] Report of the "Student Oriented" Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three reports of different task forces from the committee to study sex discrimination in the Kalamazoo, Michigan, Public Schools comprise this document. The first report, from the personnel task force, investigated personnel practices and working conditions in 1972 for the existence of sex discrimination. Questionnaires were distributed to 1,215…

Kalamazoo Public Schools, MI.

57

Space station operations task force. Panel 4 report: Management integration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Management Integration Panel of the Space Station Operations Task Force was chartered to provide a structure and ground rules for integrating the efforts of the other three panels and to address a number of cross cutting issues that affect all areas of space station operations. Issues addressed include operations concept implementation, alternatives development and integration process, strategic policy issues and options, and program management emphasis areas.

1987-01-01

58

Defense Task Force on Domestic Violence: First Annual Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On March 9, 2001, the US Department of Defense Task Force on Domestic Violence released its first report and strategic plan. The 24-member Task Force was established last year with a three-year mission to formulate a long-term, strategic plan to eliminate domestic violence within the military. Users may read the full-text of the 118-page report at the Task Force site, which also offers additional information and related links.

2001-01-01

59

Pediatric button battery injuries: 2013 task force update.  

PubMed

Over the last 10 years, there has been a dramatic rise in the incidence of severe injuries involving children who ingest button batteries. Injury can occur rapidly and children can be asymptomatic or demonstrate non-specific symptoms until catastrophic injuries develop over a period of hours or days. Smaller size ingested button batteries will often pass without clinical sequellae; however, batteries 20mm and larger can more easily lodge in the esophagus causing significant damage. In some cases, the battery can erode into the aorta resulting in massive hemorrhage and death. To mitigate against the continued rise in life-threatening injuries, a national Button Battery Task Force was assembled to pursue a multi-faceted approach to injury prevention. This task force includes representatives from medicine, public health, industry, poison control, and government. A recent expert panel discussion at the 2013 American Broncho-Esophagological Association (ABEA) Meeting provided an update on the activities of the task force and is highlighted in this paper. PMID:23896385

Jatana, Kris R; Litovitz, Toby; Reilly, James S; Koltai, Peter J; Rider, Gene; Jacobs, Ian N

2013-09-01

60

National Library of Education Advisory Task Force. Briefing Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This briefing book with appendices was prepared for the initial meetings of the National Library of Education Advisory Task Force (NLE/ATF), in March 1996. An agenda for this meeting is included in the briefing book. The first section, "Governing Authorities for NLE and the Advisory Task Force," contains a copy of Public Law 103-227, Title X, Part…

National Library of Education (ED/OERI), Washington, DC.

61

Human Health Effects, Task Force Assessment, Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in this preliminary report is one of seven assessments conducted by a special task force of Project Clean Air, the Human Health Effects Task Force. The reports summarize assessments of the state of knowledge on various air pollution problems, particularly in California, and make tentative recommendations as to what the University of…

Aronow, Wilbert S.; And Others

62

-Congressional Policy Brief -United States Coral Reef Task Force  

E-print Network

- Congressional Policy Brief - United States Coral Reef Task Force "NOAA, on behalf of the Department of Commerce, is honored to serve as Co-Chair of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force, along and better understand our nation's valuable coral reef ecosystems." - Tim Keeney Deputy Assistant Secretary

63

Distance and Online Education Task Force Recommendations and Next Steps  

E-print Network

1 Distance and Online Education Task Force Recommendations and Next Steps December 14, 2012 of recommendations for the future of online education at the College, consistent with the Strategic Plan.2 The Distance and Online Education Task Force was formed and met for the first time on September 28, 2012

Mitchener, W. Garrett

64

School Closure Task Force. Final Report and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of declining enrollment and resources, a school closure task force was appointed in February 1981 by the 4J School District in Eugene (Oregon). Because the 4J Board of Directors had determined that the enrollment in several schools had become too small to maintain both efficiency and district standards, the task force was directed to…

Brott, M. J.

65

Report of the Task Force on Declining Enrollment. Third Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this task force was to study the program, facilities, and alternatives of the Highline School District as they relate to enrollment decline. Specifically, the task force was to establish criteria for identifying facilities where changes should be considered; identify and prioritize alternatives for use of excess classroom space; and…

Highline Public Schools, Seattle, WA.

66

76 FR 15334 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...94140-1341-0000-N5] Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting AGENCY: Fish...notice announces a meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The meeting...established by the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of...

2011-03-21

67

75 FR 61175 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...94140-1341-0000-N5] Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting AGENCY: Fish...notice announces a meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The meeting...established by the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of...

2010-10-04

68

75 FR 15457 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...94240-1341-9BIS-N5] Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting AGENCY: Fish...notice announces a meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The meeting...established by the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of...

2010-03-29

69

Management Skills. Skills Task Force Research Paper 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A task force was convened to identify the nature, extent, and pattern of skill needs and shortages for managerial occupations in the United Kingdom (UK). The task force began by examining the key challenges facing managers in the UK. The following factors were among those considered: economic policies promoting liberalization and deregulation;…

Johnson, Steven; Winterton, Jonathan

70

Descriptions of Sustainability Competencies Task Force on Sustainability in Engineering Education  

E-print Network

1 Descriptions of Sustainability Competencies Task Force on Sustainability in Engineering Education sustainability competencies which have been developed by the Task Force so that faculty members could understand incorporate these outcomes into their courses. It is important to note that the sustainability competencies

Bone, Gary

71

Report of NASA Lunar Energy Enterprise Case Study Task Force  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Lunar Energy Enterprise Case Study Task Force was asked to determine the economic viability and commercial potential of mining and extracting He-3 from the lunar soil, and transporting the material to Earth for use in a power-generating fusion reactor. Two other space energy projects, the Space Power Station (SPS) and the Lunar Power Station (LPS), were also reviewed because of several interrelated aspects of these projects. The specific findings of the Task Force are presented. Appendices contain related papers generated by individual Task Force Members.

Kearney, John J.

1989-01-01

72

Childhood Obesity Task Forces Established by State Legislatures, 2001-2010  

PubMed Central

Introduction States and communities are considering policy and environmental strategies, including enacting legislation, to reduce and prevent childhood obesity. One legislative approach has been to create task forces to understand key issues and develop a course of action. The goal of this study was to describe state-level, childhood obesity task forces in the United States created by legislation from 2001 through 2010. Methods We used the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity database to identify state-level childhood obesity task forces created through legislation from 2001 through 2010. Results We identified 21 states that had enacted legislation creating childhood obesity task forces of which 6 had created more than one task force. Most task forces were charged with both gathering and reviewing information and making recommendations for obesity-prevention actions in the state. Most legislation required that task forces include representation from the state legislature, state agencies, community organizations, and community members. Conclusion Evaluation of the effectiveness of obesity-prevention task forces and the primary components that contribute to their success may help to determine the advantages of the use of such strategies in obesity prevention. PMID:23987250

Kim, Sonia A.; Sherry, Bettylou; Blanck, Heidi M.

2013-01-01

73

Force-Field Compensation in a Manual Tracking Task  

PubMed Central

This study addresses force/movement control in a dynamic “hybrid” task: the master sub-task is continuous manual tracking of a target moving along an eight-shaped Lissajous figure, with the tracking error as the primary performance index; the slave sub-task is compensation of a disturbing curl viscous field, compatibly with the primary performance index. The two sub-tasks are correlated because the lateral force the subject must exert on the eight-shape must be proportional to the longitudinal movement speed in order to perform a good tracking. The results confirm that visuo-manual tracking is characterized by an intermittent control mechanism, in agreement with previous work; the novel finding is that the overall control patterns are not altered by the presence of a large deviating force field, if compared with the undisturbed condition. It is also found that the control of interaction-forces is achieved by a combination of arm stiffness properties and direct force control, as suggested by the systematic lateral deviation of the trajectories from the nominal path and the comparison between perturbed trials and catch trials. The coordination of the two sub-tasks is quickly learnt after the activation of the deviating force field and is achieved by a combination of force and the stiffness components (about 80% vs. 20%), which is a function of the implicit accuracy of the tracking task. PMID:20567516

Squeri, Valentina; Masia, Lorenzo; Casadio, Maura; Morasso, Pietro; Vergaro, Elena

2010-01-01

74

Performing and Visual Arts Task Force Final Report  

E-print Network

Task Force was appointed by Provost Ronald G. Douglas in October 2000 and was charged to create be clear and persistent in their vocal and budgetary support of the arts. 2. Structures and mechanisms must

75

75 FR 70764 - Small Business Information Security Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...being well utilized by many small businesses, including those in greatest need...security resources available to small businesses and propose solutions that would benefit both small businesses and consumers. The other Task Force members...

2010-11-18

76

UW SCHOOL OF PHARMACY EDUCATIONAL INNOVATION TASK FORCE  

E-print Network

UW SCHOOL OF PHARMACY EDUCATIONAL INNOVATION TASK FORCE 2012-2013 Barry Gidal (chair) Ron Burnette and strategic priorities. These documents will be posted, as appropriate, on the SOP Committee webpage (http://pharmacy

Sheridan, Jennifer

77

77 FR 74341 - Establishing the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...December 7, 2012 Establishing the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force By the authority...follows: Section 1. Purpose. Hurricane Sandy made landfall on October 29, 2012, resulting...affected region. A disaster of Hurricane Sandy's magnitude merits a comprehensive...

2012-12-14

78

Recommendations of the task force on public policy  

E-print Network

The Task Force on Public Policy was established by the Association for Behavior Analysis to examine ways to encourage members to contribute to policymaking relevant to the public interest. Members discussed issues pertinent ...

Task Force on Public Policy Association for Behavior Analysis; Fawcett, Stephen B.; Bernstein, Gail; Czyzewski, Mare J.; Greene, Brandon F.; Hannah, Gerald T.; Iwata, Brian A.; Jason, Leonard A.; Mathews, R. Mark; Morris, Edward K.; Otis-Wilborn, Amy; Seekins, Tom; Winett., Richard A.

1988-03-01

79

78 FR 60306 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...meeting of the Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) Task Force. The ANS...introduction and dispersal of aquatic invasive species (AIS); to monitor, control...Biocontrol Programs. National Invasive Species Awareness Week....

2013-10-01

80

Task Force on Innovation in Dental Hygiene Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The background, origins, functions, and recommendations of the American Association of Dental Schools' task force investigating improvement of access to dental hygiene training programs and of curriculum and program design are presented. (MSE)

Bader, James; And Others

1989-01-01

81

PRINCIPAL'S TASK FORCE ON DIVERSITY, EXCELLENCE AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT  

E-print Network

1 PRINCIPAL'S TASK FORCE ON DIVERSITY, EXCELLENCE AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT (DRAFT) Final Report)............................................................. 13 5. PART FIVE, CONCLUSION: MOVING FORWARD: DIVERSITY, EXCELLENCE, AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT COMMUNITIES ...................... 22 7.2 ON RECRUITING AND RETAINING A DIVERSE STUDENT BODY

Barthelat, Francois

82

Recommendations of the wwPDB NMR Validation Task Force  

PubMed Central

As methods for analysis of biomolecular structure and dynamics using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) continue to advance, the resulting 3D structures, chemical shifts, and other NMR data are broadly impacting biology, chemistry, and medicine. Structure model assessment is a critical area of NMR methods development, and is an essential component of the process of making these structures accessible and useful to the wider scientific community. For these reasons, the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB) has convened an NMR Validation Task Force (NMR-VTF) to work with the wwPDB partners in developing metrics and policies for biomolecular NMR data harvesting, structure representation, and structure quality assessment. This paper summarizes the recommendations of the NMR-VTF, and lays the groundwork for future work in developing standards and metrics for biomolecular NMR structure quality assessment. PMID:24010715

Montelione, Gaetano T.; Nilges, Michael; Bax, Ad; Güntert, Peter; Herrmann, Torsten; Richardson, Jane S.; Schwieters, Charles; Vranken, Wim F.; Vuister, Geerten W.; Wishart, David S.; Berman, Helen M.; Kleywegt, Gerard J.; Markley, John L.

2013-01-01

83

76 FR 67761 - Hearing of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence AGENCY: Office of Juvenile Justice and...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (hereafter refered to as the Task Force...children's exposure to [[Page 67762

2011-11-02

84

Effects of aging on force coordination in bimanual task performance.  

PubMed

We investigated within- and between-hands grip-load force coordination in both healthy young and older adult participants during bimanual tasks involving realistic actions. Age-related changes in manual behaviors such as grip force production and safety margins were expected in older adults. Within-hand grip-load coordination was expected to decrease with aging during the performance of dynamic actions, but not static actions. The effects of task and hand dominance on task performance were also evaluated. Grip force production increased with age; however, changes in fingertip frictional properties with aging increased the risk of object slip. Indices of within-hand grip-load coordination did not alter with age, but such indices were affected by task goals. The action of connecting two independent objects, particularly with rotational action, was associated with declines in all indices of within- and between-hands force coordination, independent of age. Evidence of task-specific differences in within-hand grip-load coordination in the current data set suggests that individual hand specification emerges and persists with age in everyday bimanual prehension tasks, independent of the action role assigned to the dominant and non-dominant hands. PMID:23852325

Gorniak, Stacey L; Alberts, Jay L

2013-08-01

85

Penn State's Budget Planning Task Force  

E-print Network

containment, and promote opportunities for collaboration and innovation Develop short and long and Professor, Insurance and Risk Management, Smeal College of Business Madlyn L. Hanes, Vice President of Agricultural Sciences Linda B. Strumpf, Board of Trustees Susan Welch, Dean, College of the Liberal Arts

Lee, Dongwon

86

Attachment 7 Access to Majors Task Force  

E-print Network

remains the "ticket to get on the job train." Because of technology and the concomitant increase to change focus of GAP. 5. Encourage Alternative Delivery Methods (Tebeaux): Agreed to include in knowledge, the opportunity to develop the foundation for and a desire for lifelong education is becoming

87

A leader-follower relationship in joint action on a discrete force production task.  

PubMed

The present study examined the development of a leader-follower relationship in joint action performed by participants with different skill levels. Two participants were instructed to produce discrete isometric forces such that the sum of the forces was the target force. The task did not prescribe the onset time or share of force each participant contributed to the target force. Although novices with low force variability did not produce an earlier force than those with high force variability in the novice-novice group, experienced participants produced an earlier force than novices in the novice-experienced group. While participants with low force variability always produced a stronger force than those with high force variability in both the groups, there was no significant difference in force distributions between participants with low and high force variabilities. Although a novice-experienced pair produced force more complementarily than a novice-novice pair in the first practice block, the difference between pairs vanished after the first practice block, suggesting that leader-follower relations were not always beneficial to task performance. In addition, practice of the joint action did not transfer to individual action. PMID:25059912

Masumoto, Junya; Inui, Nobuyuki

2014-11-01

88

Advanced rotorcraft technology: Task force report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technological needs and opportunities related to future civil and military rotorcraft were determined and a program plan for NASA research which was responsive to the needs and opportunities was prepared. In general, the program plan places the primary emphasis on design methodology where the development and verification of analytical methods is built upon a sound data base. The four advanced rotorcraft technology elements identified are aerodynamics and structures, flight control and avionic systems, propulsion, and vehicle configurations. Estimates of the total funding levels that would be required to support the proposed program plan are included.

1978-01-01

89

76 FR 67761 - Establishment of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence AGENCY: Office of Juvenile Justice and...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (the Task Force) is established in...national problem of children's exposure to violence. The Task Force will conduct 4...

2011-11-02

90

77 FR 23667 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...11:45 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Lunch. 12:30-2 p.m. Task Force Recommendation Development Review of Services for PTSD TBI. 2-2:15 p.m. Break. 2:15-4 p.m. Task Force Recommendation Development Review of Centers of Excellence....

2012-04-20

91

78 FR 28580 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...00 p.m.-3:15 p.m. Break 3:15 p.m.-4:30 p.m. Task Force Recommendation Development Review of Services for PTSD&TBI 4:30 p.m.-5:15 p.m. Task Force Recommendation Development Review of Interagency Program Office 5:15...

2013-05-15

92

VIRGINIA DROUGHT MONITORING TASK FORCE Drought Status Report  

E-print Network

VIRGINIA DROUGHT MONITORING TASK FORCE Drought Status Report September 1, 2011 Statewide% of normal). However, the Roanoke and Northern Virginia drought evaluation regions are reporting below normal normal precipitationand temperatures statewide. The September 1, 2011 NOAA U.S. Drought Monitor indicates

93

STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH AND WELL-BEING TASK FORCE REPORT  

E-print Network

STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH AND WELL-BEING TASK FORCE REPORT October 2008 © 2008 The Board of Trustees. Appendix 42 #12;2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Acknowledging the changing landscape of student mental health issues at Stanford and throughout the country, Provost John Etchemendy convened the Student Mental Health and Well

Prinz, Friedrich B.

94

Report of the Task Force on AIDS and Dental Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Association of Dental Schools' task force on acquired immune deficiency syndrome and dental education recommends that educational strategies stress the necessity for routine infection control procedures in treatment, enhancing the health professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors concerning all aspects of disease prevention.…

Molinari, John; Gray, Carolyn F.

1988-01-01

95

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON ONLINE EDUCATION JOINT TASK FORCE  

E-print Network

signed contracts with Coursera and EdX, the leading platforms for Massive Open Online Courses. More than been, and needs to be fully, yet thoughtfully, engaged in these initiatives. Online courses have beenUNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON ONLINE EDUCATION JOINT TASK FORCE REPORT June 7, 2014 Online Education

Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

96

Public School Funding Formula Task Force. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the findings and recommendations of a study of New Mexico's financing of education. A task force, created in 1995 by the state legislature, was charged with reviewing public school funding for the purpose of introducing legislation to reform the system. For the study, hired consultants reviewed historical documents, held…

New Mexico Legislative Council Service, Santa Fe.

97

Academic Science Program Task Force Tuesday, May 17, 2011  

E-print Network

. The white paper focused on federal funding models (NIH, NSF, DOD, etc.) for research and offered comments from task force members: The MIT white paper was not all that helpful and did not offer much, chemical, biological) or more? The report from the National Academies, A New Biology for the 21st

98

75 FR 7197 - Establishing a Task Force on Childhood Obesity  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Establishing a Task Force on Childhood Obesity Memorandum for the Heads of Executive...Agencies Across our country, childhood obesity has reached epidemic rates and, as a...live shorter lives than their parents. Obesity has been recognized as a problem for...

2010-02-18

99

President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The final report of the President's Task Force on Communications Policy recommends strengthened federal powers to form public policy in telecommunications. Such planned policy would enable the private sector to reach its full capacities in the field by improving regulation when it is necessary and removing unnecessary regulation. Monopoly of…

Rostow, Eugene V.

100

Recommendations for a National High Blood Pressure Community Education Plan. Report of Task Force III--Community Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hypertensive disease being one of the most important medical problems now facing American medicine brought about the formation of the Federally sponsored National High Blood Pressure Education Program, which included four Task Forces. Task Force 3 reviews in this study information and experience useful for the development of guidelines for…

National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD. High Blood Pressure Information Center.

101

Substance Use among Pregnant Women: The Report of the Task Force for the Prevention of Substance Use among Pregnant Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a report from the North Carolina Task Force for the Prevention of Substance Use Among Pregnant Women, a task force established to develop a long-range plan to decrease infant death and disability due to exposure to toxic substances in utero. The executive summary identifies four major problem areas which negatively affect…

Kayye, Paul T.; Relos, Ruth

102

77 FR 12881 - Hearing of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (the ``task force''). The task...advice in the areas of children exposed to violence for the purpose of addressing the...

2012-03-02

103

77 FR 22000 - Hearing of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (the ``task force''). The task...advice in the areas of children exposed to violence for the purpose of addressing the...

2012-04-12

104

77 FR 39264 - Meeting of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs...National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (the ``task force''). The task...advice in the areas of children exposed to violence for the purpose of addressing the...

2012-07-02

105

Integrating Education and Patient Care. Observations from the GME Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC) appointed a task force in November 1999 to examine how AAMC member institutions and others were developing, and could develop, new ways to integrate education and patient care. Mechanisms were identified that would aid in reorienting residency programs to education, rather than services. These…

Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

106

Improving child survival: Malnutrition Task Force and the paediatrician's responsibility  

PubMed Central

Malnutrition (underweight) contributes to approximately 60% of all child deaths, yet health professionals, policy makers, and donor agencies often fail to recognise its relevance to child survival. There is a need for the paediatric community to champion the importance of adequate nutrition for normal growth and development, and of placing sufficient emphasis on the prevention and treatment of malnutrition. Many severely malnourished children die from inappropriate treatment. Case fatality rates of 25–30% are commonly found and in some hospitals as many as 50–70% will die. Many of these deaths are avoidable. Weaknesses in health systems, inappropriate training of doctors and nurses, inadequate supervision, and lack of support for staff all contribute to compromised quality of care. The International Union of Nutritional Sciences, with support from the International Pediatric Association, Launched a global Malnutrition Task Force in 2005. The main objective is to ensure that an integrated system of prevention and treatment of malnutrition is actively supported as a fundamental aspect of care, and becomes an integral part of all training programmes. PMID:16861489

Jackson, A A; Ashworth, A; Khanum, S

2006-01-01

107

United States Search and Rescue Task Force: Predicting Weather  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the United States Search and Rescue Task Force describes the basic tools and knowledge used to create weather forecasts. Using this site, students can find concise, clear explanations of weather, fronts and air masses, high and low pressure, precipitation, and water vapor and humidity as well. This is a perfect site for anyone looking for an introduction to the principles of weather prediction.

108

Grip Force Coordination during Bimanual Tasks in Unilateral Cerebral Palsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate coordination of fingertip forces during an asymmetrical bimanual task in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). Method: Twelve participants (six males, six females; mean age 14y 4mo, SD 3.3y; range 9-20y;) with unilateral CP (eight right-sided, four left-sided) and 15 age-matched typically…

Islam, Mominul; Gordon, Andrew M.; Skold, Annika; Forssberg, Hans; Eliasson, Ann-Christin

2011-01-01

109

Breast Cancer EDGE Task Force Outcomes: Clinical Measures of Pain  

PubMed Central

Background Pain is one of the most commonly reported impairments after breast cancer treatment affecting anywhere from 16-73% of breast cancer survivors Despite the high reported incidence of pain from cancer and its treatments, the ability to evaluate cancer pain continues to be difficult due to the complexity of the disease and the subjective experience of pain. The Oncology Section Breast Cancer EDGE Task Force was created to evaluate the evidence behind clinical outcome measures of pain in women diagnosed with breast cancer. Methods The authors systematically reviewed the literature for pain outcome measures published in the research involving women diagnosed with breast cancer. The goal was to examine the reported psychometric properties that are reported in the literature in order to determine clinical utility. Results Visual Analog Scale, Numeric Rating Scale, Pressure Pain Threshold, McGill Pain Questionnaire, McGill Pain Questionnaire – Short Form, Brief Pain Inventory and Brief Pain Inventory – Short Form were highly recommended by the Task Force. The Task Force was unable to recommend two measures for use in the breast cancer population at the present time. Conclusions A variety of outcome measures were used to measure pain in women diagnosed with breast cancer. When assessing pain in women with breast cancer, researchers and clinicians need to determine whether a unidimensional or multidimensional tool is most appropriate as well as whether the tool has strong psychometric properties. PMID:25346950

Harrington, Shana; Gilchrist, Laura; Sander, Antoinette

2014-01-01

110

75 FR 57987 - Evaluation of the Groundwater Task Force Report: Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NRC-2010-0302] Evaluation of the Groundwater Task Force Report: Public Meeting AGENCY...involving radioactive contamination of groundwater wells and soils at nuclear power plants...Regulatory Commission (NRC) convened a Groundwater Task Force (GTF) in March 2010...

2010-09-23

111

75 FR 12493 - Task Force on Childhood Obesity: Request for Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Task Force on Childhood Obesity: Request for Information AGENCY: U...SUMMARY: Across the country, childhood obesity has reached epidemic rates. On February...establishing a Task Force on Childhood Obesity that directs Federal agencies to...

2010-03-16

112

Globalisation, regions and cluster policies: the case of the Rover Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

In March 2000, BMW announced plans to restructure and sell substantial parts of the Rover Group and threatened to close Rover completely. In response the government brought together local actors through the West Midlands Regional Development Agency (RDA) and Government Office of the West Midlands (GOWM) by setting up the Rover Task Force (RTF). After a local consortium purchased Rover,

David Bailey

2003-01-01

113

University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences' Distance Education Task Force. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) at the University of Florida formed a task force in mid-1995 to develop a comprehensive plan for using distance education in the next century. A questionnaire was sent to department chairs and research center directors at the university (59 responses) requesting information on how they would…

Florida Univ., Gainesville. Inst. of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

114

Task Force Report on Social Studies Education in Maryland: The Challenge and the Imperative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November 2004, State Superintendent of Schools Nancy S. Grasmick convened the Maryland Social Studies Task Force. The Task Force was charged with examining issues related to social studies education and recommending ways to improve social studies instruction in Maryland's public schools. The Task Force formed four Subcommittees, each examining…

Maryland State Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

115

FAU update: Experts join statewide oil spill task force compiled by FAU  

E-print Network

FAU update: Experts join statewide oil spill task force compiled by FAU Friday, July 23, 2010 Florida Atlantic University is a member of the Oil Spill Academic Task Force established by Chancellor Horizon oil spill. Leading the charge for FAU on the Oil Spill Academic Task Force is Leonard Berry

Belogay, Eugene A.

116

Crafting a Balanced System of Assessment in Wisconsin. Recommendations of the Next Generation Assessment Task Force  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Next Generation Assessment Task Force was convened to formulate Wisconsin's path forward. Task force members listened to leaders from business and technology sectors as well as leaders from PK-12 and higher education. This summary shares the process, definitions, assumptions, and recommendations of the task force. This paper aims to use these…

Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, 2009

2009-01-01

117

FINAL: April 14, 2010 NASA Advisory Council Ad-Hoc Task Force on Planetary Defense  

E-print Network

FINAL: April 14, 2010 NASA Advisory Council Ad-Hoc Task Force on Planetary Defense Thursday. Schweickart/T. Jones 11:40 Ad-Hoc Task Force on Planetary Defense Terms of Reference - Charter, schedule Council Ad-Hoc Task Force on Planetary Defense Thursday/Friday, April 15-16, 2010 Boston Marriot Cambridge

Waliser, Duane E.

118

Principal's Task Force on Diversity, Excellence and Community Engagement CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS  

E-print Network

Page 1 Principal's Task Force on Diversity, Excellence and Community Engagement CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS The Principal's Task Force on Diversity, Excellence and Community Engagement aims to determine how of the Working Groups for the Principal's Task Force on Diversity, Excellence and Community Engagement

Barthelat, Francois

119

Conference-EC-US Task Force Joint US-EU Workshop on Metabolomics and Environmental Biotechnology  

SciTech Connect

Since 1990, the EC-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research has been coordinating transatlantic efforts to guide and exploit the ongoing revolution in biotechnology and the life sciences. The Task Force was established in June 1990 by the European Commission and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. The Task Force has acted as an effective forum for discussion, coordination, and development of new ideas for the last 18 years. Task Force members are European Commission and US Government science and technology administrators who meet annually to enhance communication across the Atlantic, and to encourage collaborative research. Through sponsoring workshops, and other activities, the Task Force also brings together scientific leaders and early career researchers from both sides of the Atlantic to forecast research challenges and opportunities and to promote better links between researchers. Over the years, by keeping a focus on the future of science, the Task Force has played a key role in establishing a diverse range of emerging scientific fields, including biodiversity research, neuroinformatics, genomics, nanobiotechnology, neonatal immunology, transkingdom molecular biology, biologically-based fuels, and environmental biotechnology. The EC-US Task Force has sponsored a number of Working Groups on topics of mutual transatlantic interest. The idea to create a Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology research was discussed in the Task Force meeting of October 1993. The EC-US Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology set as its mission 'To train the next generation of leaders in environmental biotechnology in the United States and the European Union to work collaboratively across the Atlantic.' Since 1995, the Working Group supported three kinds of activities, all of which focus one early career scientists: (1) Workshops on the use of molecular methods and genomics in environmental biotechnology; (2) Short courses with theoretical, laboratory and field elements; and (3) Short term exchange fellowships. The short term exchange fellowships were created to enable young scientists to develop collaborations with colleagues across the Atlantic and to learn a new skill or expertise in the area of environmental biotechnology.

PI: Lily Y. Young; Co-PI: Gerben J. Zylstra

2009-06-04

120

78 FR 66902 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering...

2013-11-07

121

77 FR 42334 - Meeting of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (Correction)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (Correction) AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs, Justice...Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (the ``task force''). As that notice stated, the...

2012-07-18

122

ACCF/AHA methodology for the development of quality measures for cardiovascular technology: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures.  

PubMed

Consistent with the growing national focus on healthcare quality, the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have taken a leadership role over the past decade in developing measures of the quality of cardiovascular care by convening a joint ACCF/AHA Task Force on Performance Measures. The Task Force is charged with identifying the clinical topics appropriate for the development of performance measures and with assembling writing committees composed of clinical and methodological experts in collaboration with appropriate subspecialty societies. The Task Force has also created methodology documents that offer guidance in the development of process, outcome, composite, and efficiency measures. Cardiovascular performance measures using existing ACCF/AHA methodology are based on Class I or Class III guidelines recommendations, usually with Level A evidence. These performance measures, based on evidence-based ACCF/AHA guidelines, remain the most rigorous quality measures for both internal quality improvement and public reporting. However, many of the tools for diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease involve advanced technologies, such as cardiac imaging, for which there are often no underlying guideline documents. Because these technologies affect the quality of cardiovascular care and also have the potential to contribute to cardiovascular health expenditures, there is a need for more critical assessment of the use of technology, including the development of quality and performance measures in areas in which guideline recommendations are absent. The evaluation of quality in the use of cardiovascular technologies requires consideration of multiple parameters that differ from other healthcare processes. The present document describes methodology for development of 2 new classes of quality measures in these situations, appropriate use measures and structure/safety measures. Appropriate use measures are based on specific indications, processes, or parameters of care for which high level of evidence data and Class I or Class III guideline recommendations may be lacking but are addressed in ACCF appropriate use criteria documents. Structure/safety measures represent measures developed to address structural aspects of the use of healthcare technology (e.g., laboratory accreditation, personnel training, and credentialing) or quality issues related to patient safety when there are neither guidelines recommendations nor appropriate use criteria. Although the strength of evidence for appropriate use measures and structure/safety measures may not be as strong as that for formal performance measures, they are quality measures that are otherwise rigorously developed, reviewed, tested, and approved in the same manner as ACCF/AHA performance measures. The ultimate goal of the present document is to provide direction in defining and measuring the appropriate use-avoiding not only underuse but also overuse and misuse-and proper application of cardiovascular technology and to describe how such appropriate use measures and structure/safety measures might be developed for the purposes of quality improvement and public reporting. It is anticipated that this effort will help focus the national dialogue on the use of cardiovascular technology and away from the current concerns about volume and cost alone to a more holistic emphasis on value. PMID:21880456

Bonow, Robert O; Douglas, Pamela S; Buxton, Alfred E; Cohen, David J; Curtis, Jeptha P; Delong, Elizabeth; Drozda, Joseph P; Ferguson, T Bruce; Heidenreich, Paul A; Hendel, Robert C; Masoudi, Frederick A; Peterson, Eric D; Taylor, Allen J

2011-09-27

123

ACCF/AHA methodology for the development of quality measures for cardiovascular technology: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures.  

PubMed

Consistent with the growing national focus on healthcare quality, the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have taken a leadership role over the past decade in developing measures of the quality of cardiovascular care by convening a joint ACCF/AHA Task Force on Performance Measures. The Task Force is charged with identifying the clinical topics appropriate for the development of performance measures and with assembling writing committees composed of clinical and methodological experts in collaboration with appropriate subspecialty societies. The Task Force has also created methodology documents that offer guidance in the development of process, outcome, composite, and efficiency measures. Cardiovascular performance measures using existing ACCF/AHA methodology are based on Class I or Class III guidelines recommendations, usually with Level A evidence. These performance measures, based on evidence-based ACCF/AHA guidelines, remain the most rigorous quality measures for both internal quality improvement and public reporting. However, many of the tools for diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease involve advanced technologies, such as cardiac imaging, for which there are often no underlying guideline documents. Because these technologies affect the quality of cardiovascular care and also have the potential to contribute to cardiovascular health expenditures, there is a need for more critical assessment of the use of technology, including the development of quality and performance measures in areas in which guideline recommendations are absent. The evaluation of quality in the use of cardiovascular technologies requires consideration of multiple parameters that differ from other healthcare processes. The present document describes methodology for development of 2 new classes of quality measures in these situations, appropriate use measures and structure/safety measures. Appropriate use measures are based on specific indications, processes, or parameters of care for which high level of evidence data and Class I or Class III guideline recommendations may be lacking but are addressed in ACCF appropriate use criteria documents. Structure/safety measures represent measures developed to address structural aspects of the use of healthcare technology (e.g., laboratory accreditation, personnel training, and credentialing) or quality issues related to patient safety when there are neither guidelines recommendations nor appropriate use criteria. Although the strength of evidence for appropriate use measures and structure/safety measures may not be as strong as that for formal performance measures, they are quality measures that are otherwise rigorously developed, reviewed, tested, and approved in the same manner as ACCF/AHA performance measures. The ultimate goal of the present document is to provide direction in defining and measuring the appropriate use-avoiding not only underuse but also overuse and misuse-and proper application of cardiovascular technology and to describe how such appropriate use measures and structure/safety measures might be developed for the purposes of quality improvement and public reporting. It is anticipated that this effort will help focus the national dialogue on the use of cardiovascular technology and away from the current concerns about volume and cost alone to a more holistic emphasis on value. PMID:21875906

Bonow, Robert O; Douglas, Pamela S; Buxton, Alfred E; Cohen, David J; Curtis, Jeptha P; Delong, Elizabeth; Drozda, Joseph P; Ferguson, T Bruce; Heidenreich, Paul A; Hendel, Robert C; Masoudi, Frederick A; Peterson, Eric D; Taylor, Allen J

2011-09-27

124

Comparing the Values Hierarchy of the Kentucky Department of Education's Character/Values Task Force. Comparing a Character/Values Task Force to a National Sample.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In March 1989, the Kentucky Department of Education assembled a task force to make recommendations regarding the issue of teaching values and character in public schools in Kentucky. The 23-member task force represented educators, parents, the legislature, state and local school boards, law enforcement agencies, higher education, Catholic…

Butler, Fonda P.

125

Task Force 62 Medical Brigade combat healthcare support system in the mature Iraq theater of operations.  

PubMed

Leading a deployed combat healthcare system is a very complex task and requires a command and control structure that is a unique blend of technical and tactical expertise to efficaciously deliver world-class medical care to America's sons and daughters. The medical task force in Iraq has successfully managed the transformation of the medical footprint from a tactically arrayed set of disparate medical units to a nascent integrated healthcare system with many features similar to the best healthcare systems in the United States. The American public demands, and Soldiers, Marines, Sailors, Airmen, and Coast Guardsmen deserve US quality medical care, whether they are being treated at a military medical center in the US, or a US medical facility in Iraq. This article presents an overview of the 62nd Medical Brigade's development of the combat healthcare support system during its tenure leading the US medical task force in Iraq. PMID:20088050

Sargent, Patrick D

2008-01-01

126

Two measures of performance in a peg-in-hole manipulation task with force feedback  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results are described from two manipulators on a peg-in-hole task, which is part of a continued effort to develop models for human performance with remote manipulators. Task difficulty is varied by changing the diameter of the peg to be inserted in a 50 mm diameter hole. An automatic measuring system records the distance between the tool being held by the manipulator and the receptacle into which it is to be inserted. The data from repeated insertions are processed by computer to determine task times, accumulated distances, and trajectories. Experiments with both the MA-11 cable-connected master-slave manipulator common to hot cell work and the MA-23 servo-controlled manipulator (with and without force feedback) are described. Comparison of these results with previous results of the Ames Manipulator shows that force feedback provides a consistent advantage.

Hill, J. W.

1977-01-01

127

Development of a Unified Code of Ethics for the Health Education Profession: A Report of the National Task Force on Ethics in Health Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development, over many years, of a unified code of ethics designed to represent the professional needs of various health education professionals working in the field. The code of ethics for the health education profession is included. It focuses on responsibility to: the public; the profession; employers; health education delivery:…

Capwell, Ellen M.; Smith, Becky J.; Shirreffs, Janet; Olsen, Larry K.

2000-01-01

128

The maze task: measuring forced incremental sentence processing time.  

PubMed

The maze task is an online measure of sentence processing time that provides an alternative to the standard moving window version of self-paced reading. Rather than each word of the sentence being presented in succession, two words are presented at the same time, and the participant must choose which word is a grammatical continuation of the sentence. This procedure forces the reader into an incremental mode of processing in which each word must be fully integrated with the preceding context before the next word can be considered. Previous research with this technique has not considered whether it is sufficiently sensitive to syntactic complexity effects or to garden path effects. Four experiments are reported demonstrating that reliable differences in processing time for subject relatives and object relatives can be obtained, and that this technique generates garden path effects that correspond closely with the data from eyetracking experiments, but without the spillover effects that are sometimes obtained with eyetracking. It is also shown that the task is sensitive to word frequency effects, producing estimates well in excess of those found with eyetracking. PMID:19182136

Forster, Kenneth I; Guerrera, Christine; Elliot, Lisa

2009-02-01

129

The International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) Task Force Report on Antidepressant Use in Bipolar Disorders  

PubMed Central

Objective The risk-benefit profile of antidepressant medications in bipolar disorder is controversial. When conclusive evidence is lacking, expert consensus can guide treatment decisions. The International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) convened a task force to seek consensus recommendations on the use of antidepressants in bipolar disorders. Method An expert task force iteratively developed consensus through serial consensus-based revisions using the Delphi method. Initial survey items were based on systematic review of the literature. Subsequent surveys included new or reworded items and items that needed to be rerated. This process resulted in the final ISBD Task Force clinical recommendations on antidepressant use in bipolar disorder. Results There is striking incongruity between the wide use of and the weak evidence base for the efficacy and safety of antidepressant drugs in bipolar disorder. Few well-designed, long-term trials of prophylactic benefits have been conducted, and there is insufficient evidence for treatment benefits with antidepressants combined with mood stabilizers. A major concern is the risk for mood switch to hypomania, mania, and mixed states. Integrating the evidence and the experience of the task force members, a consensus was reached on 12 statements on the use of antidepressants in bipolar disorder. Conclusions Because of limited data, the task force could not make broad statements endorsing antidepressant use but acknowledged that individual bipolar patients may benefit from antidepressants. Regarding safety, serotonin reuptake inhibitors and bupropion may have lower rates of manic switch than tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants and norepinephrine-serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The frequency and severity of antidepressant-associated mood elevations appear to be greater in bipolar I than bipolar II disorder. Hence, in bipolar I patients antidepressants should be prescribed only as an adjunct to mood-stabilizing medications. PMID:24030475

Pacchiarotti, Isabella; Bond, David J.; Baldessarini, Ross J.; Nolen, Willem A.; Grunze, Heinz; Licht, Rasmus W.; Post, Robert M.; Berk, Michael; Goodwin, Guy M.; Sachs, Gary S.; Tondo, Leonardo; Findling, Robert L.; Youngstrom, Eric A.; Tohen, Mauricio; Undurraga, Juan; González-Pinto, Ana; Goldberg, Joseph F.; Yildiz, Ay?egül; Altshuler, Lori L.; Calabrese, Joseph R.; Mitchell, Philip B.; Thase, Michael E.; Koukopoulos, Athanasios; Colom, Francesc; Frye, Mark A.; Malhi, Gin S.; Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N.; Vázquez, Gustavo; Perlis, Roy H.; Ketter, Terence A.; Cassidy, Frederick; Akiskal, Hagop; Azorin, Jean-Michel; Valentí, Marc; Mazzei, Diego Hidalgo; Lafer, Beny; Kato, Tadafumi; Mazzarini, Lorenzo; Martínez-Aran, Anabel; Parker, Gordon; Souery, Daniel; Özerdem, Ay?egül; McElroy, Susan L.; Girardi, Paolo; Bauer, Michael; Yatham, Lakshmi N.; Zarate, Carlos A.; Nierenberg, Andrew A.; Birmaher, Boris; Kanba, Shigenobu; El-Mallakh, Rif S.; Serretti, Alessandro; Rihmer, Zoltan; Young, Allan H.; Kotzalidis, Georgios D.; MacQueen, Glenda M.; Bowden, Charles L.; Ghaemi, S. Nassir; Lopez-Jaramillo, Carlos; Rybakowski, Janusz; Ha, Kyooseob; Perugi, Giulio; Kasper, Siegfried; Amsterdam, Jay D.; Hirschfeld, Robert M.; Kapczinski, Flávio; Vieta, Eduard

2014-01-01

130

The Hmong Youth Task Force: evaluation of a coalition to address the sexual exploitation of young runaways.  

PubMed

The Minnesota Wheel of Public Health Nursing Interventions identifies coalition building and community organizing as effective strategies for addressing population health issues. One program that exemplifies these strategies is the Hmong Youth Task Force, a coalition formed to address a growing issue of young Hmong girls in a Midwest state running away from home, being truant from school, and experiencing subsequent sexual exploitation. This is an evaluation of the Task Force. It draws on existing records and semi-structured interviews with Task Force members from various sectors of government, health services, and community organizations, including public health nurses. The results, evaluated in the context of best practices identified by the Wheel of Interventions, document the Task Force's development, accomplishments, challenges faced, and community changes that have resulted from the coalition's efforts to date. PMID:18173587

Saewyc, Elizabeth M; Solsvig, Windy; Edinburgh, Laurel

2008-01-01

131

D Stork for Task Force DT : BPS2 Workshop (San Diego) May 2001 JET DT Plans to end 2006  

E-print Network

D Stork for Task Force DT : BPS2 Workshop (San Diego) May 2001 JET DT Plans to end 2006 EFDA- JET Task Force DT presented by D Stork (Leader, Task Force DT) Euratom/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB, UK #12;D Stork for Task Force DT : BPS2 Workshop (San Diego) May

132

EMG feedback tasks reduce reflexive stiffness during force and position perturbations.  

PubMed

Force and position perturbations are widely applied to identify muscular and reflexive contributions to posture maintenance of the arm. Both task instruction (force vs. position) and the inherently linked perturbation type (i.e., force perturbations-position task and position perturbations-force tasks) affect these contributions and their mutual balance. The goal of this study is to explore the modulation of muscular and reflexive contributions in shoulder muscles using EMG biofeedback. The EMG biofeedback provides a harmonized task instruction to facilitate the investigation of perturbation type effects irrespective of task instruction. External continuous force and position perturbations with a bandwidth of 0.5-20 Hz were applied at the hand while subjects maintained prescribed constant levels of muscular co-activation using visual feedback of an EMG biofeedback signal. Joint admittance and reflexive impedance were identified in the frequency domain, and parametric identification separated intrinsic muscular and reflexive feedback properties. In tests with EMG biofeedback, perturbation type (position and force) had no effect on joint admittance and reflexive impedance, indicating task as the dominant factor. A reduction in muscular and reflexive stiffness was observed when performing the EMG biofeedback task relative to the position task. Reflexive position feedback was effectively suppressed during the equivalent EMG biofeedback task, while velocity and acceleration feedback were both decreased by approximately 37%. This indicates that force perturbations with position tasks are a more effective paradigm to investigate complete dynamic motor control of the arm, while EMG tasks tend to reduce the reflexive contribution. PMID:21717098

Forbes, Patrick A; Happee, Riender; van der Helm, Frans C T; Schouten, Alfred C

2011-08-01

133

National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect: defining the national agenda for fetal alcohol syndrome and other prenatal alcohol-related effects.  

PubMed

Prenatal alcohol exposure can lead to serious birth defects and developmental disabilities. A need exists to develop effective strategies for both children with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or other prenatal alcohol-related effects and for women at high risk for having an alcohol-exposed pregnancy. Since the syndrome was identified approximately 30 years ago, advancements have been made in FAS diagnostics, surveillance, prevention, and intervention, but a substantial amount of work remains. Collaborations among partners in federal state, and local agencies, academia, clinical professions, school systems, and families are critical to developing and implementing successful efforts related to FAS and fetal alcohol effect (FAE). In 1999, Congress directed the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to convene the National Task Force on FAS and FAE (the Task Force). CDC's National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Prevention Team, coordinates the Task Force and manages its operation. Since the Task Force was chartered in 2000, Task Force members, with input from multiple partners, have convened to deliberate and determine the Task Force mission, goals, and priority concerns to be addressed. This report describes the structure, function, mission, and goals of the Task Force and provides their first recommendations. An explanation of how the Task Force recommendations were generated and the Task Forces next steps are also reported. PMID:12572781

Weber, Mary Kate; Floyd, R Louise; Riley, Edward P; Snider, Dixie E

2002-09-20

134

International PV QA Task Force's Proposed Comparative Rating System for PV Modules: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The International PV Quality Assurance Task Force is developing a rating system that provides comparative information about the relative durability of PV modules. Development of accelerated stress tests that can provide such comparative information is seen as a major step toward being able to predict PV module service life. This paper will provide details of the ongoing effort to determine the format of such an overall module rating system. The latest proposal is based on using three distinct climate zones as defined in IEC 60721-2-1 for two different mounting systems. Specific stresses beyond those used in the qualification tests are being developed for each of the selected climate zones.

Wohlgemuth, J.; Kurtz, S.

2014-10-01

135

Task Dependency of Grip Stiffness—A Study of Human Grip Force and Grip Stiffness Dependency during Two Different Tasks with Same Grip Forces  

PubMed Central

It is widely known that the pinch-grip forces of the human hand are linearly related to the weight of the grasped object. Less is known about the relationship between grip force and grip stiffness. We set out to determine variations to these dependencies in different tasks with and without visual feedback. In two different settings, subjects were asked to (a) grasp and hold a stiffness-measuring manipulandum with a predefined grip force, differing from experiment to experiment, or (b) grasp and hold this manipulandum of which we varied the weight between trials in a more natural task. Both situations led to grip forces in comparable ranges. As the measured grip stiffness is the result of muscle and tendon properties, and since muscle/tendon stiffness increases more-or-less linearly as a function of muscle force, we found, as might be predicted, a linear relationship between grip force and grip stiffness. However, the measured stiffness ranges and the increase of stiffness with grip force varied significantly between the two tasks. Furthermore, we found a strong correlation between regression slope and mean stiffness for the force task which we ascribe to a force stiffness curve going through the origin. Based on a biomechanical model, we attributed the difference between both tasks to changes in wrist configuration, rather than to changes in cocontraction. In a new set of experiments where we prevent the wrist from moving by fixing it and resting it on a pedestal, we found subjects exhibiting similar stiffness/force characteristics in both tasks. PMID:24324643

Höppner, Hannes; McIntyre, Joseph; van der Smagt, Patrick

2013-01-01

136

Task Force 1. Report of the Task Force on Patient Expectations, Core Values, Reintegration, and the New Model of Family Medicine  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND To lay the groundwork for the development of a comprehensive strategy to transform and renew the specialty of family medicine, this Future of Family Medicine task force was charged with identifying the core values of family medicine, developing proposals to reform family medicine to meet consumer expectations, and determining systems of care to be delivered by family medicine in the future. METHODS A diverse, multidisciplinary task force representing a broad spectrum of perspectives and expertise analyzed and discussed published literature; findings from surveys, interviews, and focus groups compiled by research firms contracted to the Future of Family Medicine project; and analyses from The Robert Graham Center, professional societies in the United States and abroad, and others. Through meetings, conference calls, and writing, and revision of a series of subcommittee reports, the entire task force reached consensus on its conclusions and recommendations. These were reviewed by an external panel of experts and revisions were made accordingly. MAJOR FINDINGS After delivering on its promise to reverse the decline of general practice in the United States, family medicine and the nation face additional challenges to assure all people receive care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable. Challenges the discipline needs to address to improve family physicians’ ability to make important further contributions include developing a broader, more accurate understanding of the specialty among the public and other health professionals, addressing the wide scope and variance in practice types within family medicine, winning respect for the specialty in academic circles, making family medicine a more attractive career option, and dealing with the perception that family medicine is not solidly grounded in science and technology. The task force set forth a proposed identity statement for family medicine, a basket of services that should be reliably provided in family medicine practices, and an itemization of key attributes and core values that define the specialty. It also proposed and described a New Model of family medicine for people of all ages and both genders that emphasizes patient-centered, evidence-based, whole-person care provided through a multidisciplinary team approach in settings that reduce barriers to access and use advanced information systems and other new technologies. The task force recommended a time of active experimentation to redesign the work and workplace of family physicians; the development of revised financial models for family medicine, and a national resource to provide assistance to individual practices moving to New Model practice; and cooperation with others pursuing the transformation of frontline medicine to better serve the public. CONCLUSIONS Unless there are changes in the broader health care system and within the specialty, the position of family medicine in the United States will be untenable in a 10- to 20-year time frame. Even within the constraints of today’s flawed health care system, there are major opportunities for family physicians to realize improved results for patients and economic success. A period of aggressive experimentation and redevelopment of family medicine is needed now. The future success of the discipline and its impact on public well-being depends in large measure on family medicine’s ability to rearticulate its vision and competencies in a fashion that has greater resonance with the public while substantially revising the organization and processes by which care is delivered. When accomplished, family physicians will achieve more fully the aspirations articulated by the specialty’s core values and contribute to the solution of the nation’s serious health care problems.

Green, Larry A.; Graham, Robert; Bagley, Bruce; Kilo, Charles M.; Spann, Stephen J.; Bogdewic, Stephen P.; Swanson, John

2004-01-01

137

How to Develop an Engineering Design Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors provide an overview of engineering and the engineering design process, and describe the steps they took to develop a fifth grade-level, standards-based engineering design task titled "Getting the Dirt on Decomposition." Their main goal was to focus more on modeling the discrete steps they took to create and…

Dankenbring, Chelsey; Capobianco, Brenda M.; Eichinger, David

2014-01-01

138

Joint Senate/Administrative Task Force Academic Structures and Strategic Planning  

E-print Network

Joint Senate/Administrative Task Force Academic Structures and Strategic Planning Report & Recommendations, May 2013 1 Joint Senate/Administrative Task Force on Academic Structures and Strategic Planning or individual leader, the EVC, in consultation with the Senate Executive Committee, convened this Joint Senate

California at Santa Cruz, University of

139

Recommendations for Mathematics Education: Final Report of the Mathematics Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the final product of a task force commissioned by the West Virginia Department of Education (WVDE) to study mathematics education in the state and formulate recommendations for improving mathematics achievement. The Mathematics Task Force (MTF) was commissioned in April, 1979, after the WVDE formally recognized mathematics as a top…

Charles, Randall I.; Mason, Robert P.

140

Interstate Migrant Education Task Force. Third Interim Report: Findings and Recommendations. Report No. 127.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this third report the Task Force focuses on the whole child in an attempt to help all agencies--responsible for any services to migrants--improve the total range of services needed by migrant farmworkers and fishers, and thus improve the migrant child's chances for a basic education. The recommendations explore two topics new to the Task Force

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

141

Motion Tasks and Force Control for Robot Manipulators on Embedded 2-D Manifolds  

E-print Network

a specific force on it, motion planning and eventually trajectory tracking of the end effector acrossMotion Tasks and Force Control for Robot Manipulators on Embedded 2-D Manifolds Xanthi Papageorgiou-trivial computer simulations. I. INTRODUCTION Performing motion tasks across object surfaces constitutes

Loizou, Savvas G.

142

Financial Literacy as a Means to an End Presentation to Financial Literacy Task Force  

E-print Network

1 Financial Literacy as a Means to an End Presentation to Financial Literacy Task Force Winnipeg-you for the opportunity to share with you some of my thoughts on financial literacy, in relationship to the task force on Financial Literacy 2010) as the document in this presentation. - In my presentation, I would like to touch

Martin, Jeff

143

Statewide Clam Industry Task Force addresses research and educational needs New Research Program 1  

E-print Network

Statewide Clam Industry Task Force addresses research and educational needs New Research Program 1 State Clam Task Force 1 Crop Diversification 2 2006 Clam Seed Suppliers 3 2006 Clam Bag Suppliers 4 Research Update 5 CLAMunications 6 USDA Programs 2 Research program to support Florida's clam aquaculture

Florida, University of

144

Language Study for the 1980s: Reports of the MLA-ACLS Language Task Forces.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains the reports of the task forces assigned to advise the President's Commission on Foreign Language and International Studies. Task forces were formed in the following areas: Institutional Language Policy, Commonly Taught Languages, Less Commonly Taught Languages, Public Awareness, and Government Relations. The longest report,…

Brod, Richard I., Ed.

145

Academic Science Program Task Force Wednesday, August 10, 2011 1:45 p.m.  

E-print Network

, Bressler, Loboa, Sombers OTHERS PRESENT: David Bristol, Bob Brown, Blanton Godfrey, Pocan (admin support with the Academic Science Program Task Force. 2:00 p.m. Bob Brown (CNR) 3:00 p.m. Blanton Godfrey (Textiles) 4? Many thanks to Deans Brown, Godfrey, and Bristol for meeting with the task force. Meeting adjourned

146

Identification of Occupational Areas for Indiana's Future. Final Report of the Technology Forecasting Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A task force representing the Indiana private sector was convened for two purposes: to (1) identify the impact of technology on required worker skills, the labor market, and the vocational education, training, and employment system; and (2) identify occupational areas that should be future growth areas for the state. Task force members reviewed…

Indiana State Commission on Vocational and Technical Education, Indianapolis.

147

Initial Report of the Task Force on Cultural Competence Education in the Health Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the findings and recommendations of the Task Force on Cultural Competence Education and represents the distillation of the Task Force's efforts to fulfill its legislative charge. The report is intended to facilitate a statewide conversation about the health services provided to New Mexico's multicultural citizenry. It…

New Mexico Higher Education Department, 2007

2007-01-01

148

The American Psychological Association Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls: A Review, Update and Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006 the American Psychological Association formed the Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. They were charged with examining and summarizing the best psychological theory, research and clinical experience addressing the sexualization of girls. This article provides an outline of the Task Force report, reviews the recent work in this field, and discusses the implications for study in the

Linda Hatch

2011-01-01

149

The Program Effectiveness in Special Education Task Force Report. Model for Program Quality in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report summarizes findings and recommendations of a California Task Force on Program Effectiveness in Special Education. The 30 Task Force members ("stakeholders" in special education) were divided into committees to address four goals: (1) identify the mission of special education and describe the context in which special education programs…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Div. of Special Education.

150

PRESIDENTIAL TASK FORCE SUSTAINING THE ACADEMIC PRIORITIES OF STFX 2013-2018 Pa g e | 1  

E-print Network

to serve best the goals of the University. What programs or units, academic or non-academic, administrativePRESIDENTIAL TASK FORCE SUSTAINING THE ACADEMIC PRIORITIES OF STFX 2013-2018 Pa g e | 1 a Presidential Task Force to identify and recommend avenues for sustaining the academic priorities

151

Minorities in Technical Education: A Report of the Community Task Force for Expanding Minority Opportunities in Technical Education. A Concluding Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the period 1976-77 through 1977-78, Stark Technical College (STC) conducted a project to increase minority opportunities and participation in technical education. Three task forces were created to study issues and develop program models to achieve this end. The Task Force on Student Retention devised a plan incorporating a role model…

Moyer, Arthur; And Others

152

Guidelines for Cognitive Behavioral Training within Doctoral Psychology Programs in the United States: Report of the Inter-Organizational Task Force on Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology Doctoral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies initiated an interorganizational task force to develop guidelines for integrated education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology at the doctoral level in the United States. Fifteen task force members representing 16 professional associations participated in a yearlong series of…

Klepac, Robert K.; Ronan, George F.; Andrasik, Frank; Arnold, Kevin D.; Belar, Cynthia D.; Berry, Sharon L.; Christofff, Karen A.; Craighead, Linda W.; Dougher, Michael J.; Dowd, E. Thomas; Herbert, James D.; McFarr, Lynn M.; Rizvi, Shireen L.; Sauer, Eric M.; Strauman, Timothy J.

2012-01-01

153

Task-specific modulation of multi-digit forces to object texture.  

PubMed

During multi-digit grasping both local and non-local digit force responses occur in response to changes in texture at selected digits depending on the grasp configuration. However, the extent to which the specific patterns of force distribution depend on the requirement to hold the object against gravity remains to be determined. In the present study, we examined whether grasp force sharing patterns are invariant when the constraint of maintaining the object orientation vertical against gravity is removed. We used changes in object texture to elicit force changes at single digits during two grasping tasks with different behavioral contexts. One task entailed holding an object against gravity (object hold [OH]). A second (force production [FP]) task consisted of generating lifting forces on an object clamped to the tabletop that were matched to those used during OH. Unlike OH, the FP task lacks the behavioral consequences associated with erroneous sharing of normal and tangential digit forces, e.g., object tilt. Ten subjects lifted and simulated lifting an instrumented object measuring grasping normal and vertical tangential forces at all five digits when the textures were uniformly high-friction sandpaper or low-friction rayon and when one digit contacted a different frictional texture than the other four digits. We found that in both tasks texture changes at individual digits elicited force changes at that digit as well as other digits. However, the specific pattern of force distribution changes differed during OH compared to FP. While subjects modulate the normal and tangential digit forces to different degrees depending on object texture and the grasping task, they ignore the requirement of moment equilibrium when this has no consequences on object orientation (FP task). These findings indicate that multi-digit force responses to texture revealed by previous studies are not obligatory and suggest that the behavioral context of a task should be considered when inferring general principles of multi-digit force coordination. PMID:19096834

McIsaac, Tara L; Santello, Marco; Johnston, Jamie A; Zhang, Wei; Gordon, Andrew M

2009-03-01

154

Reliability of assessing trunk motor control using position and force tracking and stabilization tasks  

PubMed Central

System-based methods have been applied to assess trunk motor control in people with and without back pain, although the reliability of these methods has yet to be established. Therefore, the goal of this study was to quantify within- and between-day reliability of assessing trunk motor control using systems-based methods involving position and force tracking and stabilization tasks. Ten healthy subjects performed six tasks, involving tracking and stabilizing of trunk angular position in the sagittal plane, and trunk flexion and extension force. Tracking tasks involved following a one-dimensional, time-varying input signal displayed on a screen by changing trunk position (position tracking) or trunk force (force tracking). Stabilization tasks involved maintaining a constant trunk position (position stabilization) or constant trunk force (force stabilization) while a sagittal plane disturbance input was applied to the pelvis using a robotic platform. Time and frequency domain assessments of error (root mean square and H2 norm, respectively) were computed for each task on two separate days. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) for error and coefficients of multiple correlations (CMC) for frequency response curves were used to quantify reliability of each task. Reliability for all tasks was excellent (between-day ICC ? 0.8 and CMC > 0.75, within-day CMC > 0.85). Therefore, position and force control tasks used for assessing trunk motor control can be deemed reliable. PMID:24262851

Reeves, N. Peter; Popovich, John M.; Priess, M. Cody; Cholewicki, Jacek; Choi, Jongeun; Radcliffe, Clark J.

2014-01-01

155

Task Force on the Future of the Cornell University Libraries Card Catalogs. Report #1: Recommendations and Future Agenda, Appendices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A task force was set up in September 1975 to develop short and long range planning guidelines for decisions affecting future catalogs at Cornell University Libraries (CUL). This report presents summaries of studies by this group, focusing on developments at the Library of Congress and other research libraries; cost analysis, current status…

Jebb, Marcia; And Others

156

Cognitive Task Analysis and Intelligent Computer-Based Training Systems: Lessons Learned from Coached Practice Environments in Air Force Avionics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes some results of a collaborative effort between the University of Pittsburgh and the Air Force to develop advanced troubleshooting training for F-15 maintenance technicians. The focus is on the cognitive task methodology used in the development of three intelligent tutoring systems to inform their instructional content and…

Katz, Sandra N.; Hall, Ellen; Lesgold, Alan

157

Motor learning of cue-dependent pull-force changes during an isometric precision grip task.  

PubMed

The "raspberry task" represents a precision grip task that requires continuous adjustment of grip and pull forces. During this task subjects grip a specialized grip rod and have to increase the pull force linearly while the rod is locked. The aim of this study was to determine whether an associated, initially neutral cue is able to evoke pull-force changes in the raspberry task. A standard delay paradigm was used to study cued pull-force changes during an ongoing movement resulting in unloading. Pull force and EMG activity of hand and arm muscles were recorded from 13 healthy, young subjects. The cue was associated with a complex change in motor behavior. In this task, cued force changes take place more rapidly than in protective reflex systems (in median after the second presentation of the cueing stimulus). A cued force change was detectable in two-thirds of paired trials. Although the force change is produced by a decrease of the EMG activity in several grip- and pull-force-producing muscles, the most significant effect in the majority of the subjects was an increase of the activity of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle which antagonises corresponding pull-force-producing muscles. Cued force changes require adequately and precisely controlled activation of the muscle groups involved in the movement. PMID:25481492

Schmid, Barbara C; Meindl, Tobias; Timmann, Dagmar; Kolb, Florian P; Kutz, Dieter F

2015-02-01

158

Report of the Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage  

SciTech Connect

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) refers to a set of technologies that can greatly reduce carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions from new and existing coal- and gas-fired power plants, industrial processes, and other stationary sources of CO{sub 2}. In its application to electricity generation, CCS could play an important role in achieving national and global greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction goals. However, widespread cost-effective deployment of CCS will occur only if the technology is commercially available and a supportive national policy framework is in place. In keeping with that objective, on February 3, 2010, President Obama established an Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage composed of 14 Executive Departments and Federal Agencies. The Task Force, co-chaired by the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), was charged with proposing a plan to overcome the barriers to the widespread, cost-effective deployment of CCS within ten years, with a goal of bringing five to ten commercial demonstration projects online by 2016. Composed of more than 100 Federal employees, the Task Force examined challenges facing early CCS projects as well as factors that could inhibit widespread commercial deployment of CCS. In developing the findings and recommendations outlined in this report, the Task Force relied on published literature and individual input from more than 100 experts and stakeholders, as well as public comments submitted to the Task Force. The Task Force also held a large public meeting and several targeted stakeholder briefings. While CCS can be applied to a variety of stationary sources of CO{sub 2}, its application to coal-fired power plant emissions offers the greatest potential for GHG reductions. Coal has served as an important domestic source of reliable, affordable energy for decades, and the coal industry has provided stable and quality high-paying jobs for American workers. At the same time, coal-fired power plants are the largest contributor to U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and coal combustion accounts for 40 percent of global carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions from the consumption of energy. EPA and Energy Information Administration (EIA) assessments of recent climate and energy legislative proposals show that, if available on a cost-effective basis, CCS can over time play a large role in reducing the overall cost of meeting domestic emissions reduction targets. By playing a leadership role in efforts to develop and deploy CCS technologies to reduce GHG emissions, the United States can preserve the option of using an affordable, abundant, and domestic energy resource, help improve national security, help to maximize production from existing oil fields through enhanced oil recovery (EOR), and assist in the creation of new technologies for export. While there are no insurmountable technological, legal, institutional, regulatory or other barriers that prevent CCS from playing a role in reducing GHG emissions, early CCS projects face economic challenges related to climate policy uncertainty, first-of-a-kind technology risks, and the current high cost of CCS relative to other technologies. Administration analyses of proposed climate change legislation suggest that CCS technologies will not be widely deployed in the next two decades absent financial incentives that supplement projected carbon prices. In addition to the challenges associated with cost, these projects will need to meet regulatory requirements that are currently under development. Long-standing regulatory programs are being adapted to meet the circumstances of CCS, but limited experience and institutional capacity at the Federal and State level may hinder implementation of CCS-specific requirements. Key legal issues, such as long-term liability and property rights, also need resolution. A climate policy designed to reduce our Nation's GHG emissions is the most important step for commercial deployment of low-carbon technologies such as CCS, because it will create a stable, long-term framework for p

None

2010-08-01

159

76 FR 69296 - Proposed Models for Plant-Specific Adoption of Technical Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Specifications Task Force Traveler TSTF-500, Revision 2, ``DC Electrical Rewrite--Update to TSTF-360'' AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...Task Force (TSTF) Traveler TSTF-500, Revision 2, ``DC Electrical Rewrite--Update to TSTF-360'' (ADAMS Accession...

2011-11-08

160

75 FR 43944 - Defense Science Board; Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Science Board; Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security AGENCY: Department...Science Board Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security will meet...

2010-07-27

161

75 FR 34438 - Defense Science Board Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Science Board Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security AGENCY: Department...Science Board Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security will meet...

2010-06-17

162

The Leadosaurus Task Force: An Educational Project to Identify and Remediate Lead Poisoning in the Muessel School Neighborhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The existence and effects of lead poisoning continue to plague young children and their families, particularly children in older inner city neighborhoods. A task force in South Bend, Indiana, developed a parental education program which was implemented at an inner city elementary school. The program involved parent education, events for the…

Hall, Leda McIntyre

2004-01-01

163

Funding Patterns in California Community Colleges. A Technical Paper for the 2005 Task Force of the Chancellor's Consultation Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Community College's (CCC) funding over the past two decades was examined in order to assist the 2005 Task Force of the Chancellor's Consultation Council develop strategies to address the challenges of the future. Findings comparing 1995 to 1975 indicated that: (1) CCC general revenues have tripled, but this increase is less than…

McIntyre, Chuck

164

A systematic approach to combat healthcare improvement: task force 62 medical brigade combat healthcare support system model.  

PubMed

An organization's mission, vision, and values are just words-intangible concepts, unactionable directives, and inconsequential thoughts. Without the emphasis, energy, and a defined process and framework, the words have little meaning to the organization. Task Force 62 created this organizational vision and communications strategy through a tested model based on Kaplan and Norton's continuing studies on organizational strategy. The task force accomplished its strategy only by overcoming the most difficult hurdle in changing organizational culture-accepting change. Over time, the staff evolved from compliance to commitment to the culture of process improvement and organizational introspection. We could do this because the climate during our weekly reviews was not punitive or defensive, but collaborative and challenging. We also saw the value added to our unit and task force growth and development and, in the process, learning and development as individuals. Future medical task forces will have the ability to gain ground and develop this model for conclusion. As the Army Medical Department (AMEDD) continues to develop and refine lessons learned, the CHSS model presented here can be the foundation for the AMEDD and DoD's vision in the creation and modification of schoolhouse programs of instructions and doctrine to be relevant to the maturing combat theater of operations. PMID:20084760

Ueoka, Alan

2008-01-01

165

FACULTY PARTICIPATION IN ACADEMIC GOVERNANCE. REPORT OF THE AAHE TASK FORCE ON FACULTY REPRESENTATION AND ACADEMIC NEGOTIATIONS, CAMPUS GOVERNANCE PROGRAM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A NINE-MEMBER TASK FORCE STUDIED FACULTY-ADMINISTRATION RELATIONS AT 28 PUBLIC AND SIX PRIVATE COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES WHERE MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS IN FACULTY GOVERNANCE WERE TAKING PLACE. MAJOR OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO EXAMINE FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO FACULTY UNREST AND TO RECOMMEND PROCEDURES FOR IMPROVING FACULTY PARTICIPATION IN CAMPUS…

WEBER, ARNOLD R.; AND OTHERS

166

78 FR 14783 - Citizens Energy Task Force, Save Our Unique Lands (Complainants) v. Midwest Reliability...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission), 18 CFR 385.206, Citizens Energy Task Force (CETF) and Save Our Unique Lands (SOUL) filed a complaint requesting that the Commission order: (1) That the MTEP 08 addition of the Hampton-Rochester-La...

2013-03-07

167

75 FR 62313 - Establishing the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...5, 2010 Establishing the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Task Force By the authority...waters sustain a diverse and vibrant ecosystem; and the Gulf's culture, natural...conserve and restore resilient and healthy ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico and...

2010-10-08

168

76 FR 27003 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Meeting...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), United...Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 1400...

2011-05-10

169

78 FR 69365 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service [Docket No...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), United...A. Weller, Chief, Natural Resources Conservation Service. [FR...

2013-11-19

170

75 FR 45091 - Notice of Request for Nominations to the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Request...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States...Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 420 South...

2010-08-02

171

75 FR 48929 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Meeting...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), United...SUMMARY: The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)...

2010-08-12

172

75 FR 44214 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Meeting...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States...Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 420 South...

2010-07-28

173

78 FR 10127 - Request for Nominations to the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service Request for Nominations...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States...Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 1201...

2013-02-13

174

77 FR 41165 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Meeting...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, USDA. ACTION...Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 2901 East...

2012-07-12

175

76 FR 52932 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Meeting...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). ACTION...Dave White, Chief, Natural Resources Conservation Service. [FR...

2011-08-24

176

77 FR 1913 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Meeting...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, USDA. ACTION...Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service, Post...

2012-01-12

177

75 FR 8917 - Notice of a Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of a Meeting...Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, Department...Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 1400...

2010-02-26

178

77 FR 58097 - Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Strategic Plan 2013-2017  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XC120 Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Strategic Plan 2013--2017 Correction In notice document 2012-19161, appearing on pages...

2012-09-19

179

Communicating with New and Existing Markets. A Task Force of Howard Community College's 1998-1999 Commission on the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a report from a task force formed by Howard Community College (Maryland) to examine existing and future markets. The task force also explored ways to use marketing strategies to attract potential customers to the college. The task force recommends that the college use its strengths to attract customers, such as its commitment to open…

Howard Community Coll., Columbia, MD.

180

Effects of Force Feedback and Arm Compliance on Teleoperation for a Hygiene Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Teleoperated assistive robots with compliant arms may be well-suited to tasks that require contact with people and operation\\u000a within human environments. However, little is known about the effects of force feedback and compliance on task performance.\\u000a In this paper, we present a pilot study that we conducted to investigate the effects of force feedback and arm compliance\\u000a on the performance

Chih-Hung King; Marc D. Killpack; Charles C. Kemp

2010-01-01

181

Effects of Type and Strength of Force Feedback on Movement Time in a Target Selection Task  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future cockpits will likely include new onboard technologies, such as cockpit displays of traffic information, to help support future flight deck roles and responsibilities. These new technologies may benefit from multimodal feedback to aid pilot information processing. The current study investigated the effects of multiple levels of force feedback on operator performance in an aviation task. Participants were presented with two different types of force feedback (gravitational and spring force feedback) for a discrete targeting task, with multiple levels of gain examined for each force feedback type. Approach time and time in target were recorded. Results suggested that the two highest levels of gravitational force significantly reduced approach times relative to the lowest level of gravitational force. Spring force level only affected time in target. Implications of these findings for the design of future cockpit displays will be discussed.

Rorie, Robert Conrad; Vu, Kim-Phuong L.; Marayong, Panadda; Robles, Jose; Strybel, Thomas Z.; Battiste, Vernol

2013-01-01

182

Report of the Defense Task Force on Sexual Harassment and Violence at the Military Service Academies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In creating this report the Task Force gathered information by conducting site visits; communicating with numerous individuals, including victims; reviewing the Department of Defense survey data; reviewing Academy and Service policies, reports, and data; consulting with subject matter experts; and communicating with related committees and task

US Department of Defense, 2005

2005-01-01

183

Commissioner's Task Force on Parent Involvement in Head Start. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Parent Involvement Task Force was created in April 1985 by the Commissioner of the Administration for Children, Youth and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services to review parental involvement in Head Start. The final report's sections include: (1) statement of the chairman (Richard H. Johnson); (2) rationale for task

Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Head Start Bureau.

184

Grip Force Control Is Dependent on Task Constraints in Children with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Excessive grip force (GF) is often found in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). However, their GF control may vary when task constraints are imposed upon their motor performance. This study aimed to investigate how their GF control changes in response to task demands, and to examine their tactile sensitivity. Twenty-one…

Law, Sui-Heung; Lo, Sing Kai; Chow, Susanna; Cheing, Gladys L.Y.

2011-01-01

185

Why was the Harvard Library Transition Undertaken? Goals and Task Force Recommendations  

E-print Network

and teaching Efficient and effective management structure Experimentation (e.g., the Library Lab) Human1 Why was the Harvard Library Transition Undertaken? Goals and Task Force Recommendations 2009 Task university" collection Collaborate more ambitiously 2010 Library Implementation Working Group Five

186

Family pediatrics: report of the Task Force on the Family.  

PubMed

WHY A TASK FORCE ON THE FAMILY? The practice of pediatrics is unique among medical specialties in many ways, among which is the nearly certain presence of a parent when health care services are provided for the patient. Regardless of whether parents or other family members are physically present, their influence is pervasive. Families are the most central and enduring influence in children's lives. Parents are also central in pediatric care. The health and well-being of children are inextricably linked to their parents' physical, emotional and social health, social circumstances, and child-rearing practices. The rising incidence of behavior problems among children attests to some families' inability to cope with the increasing stresses they are experiencing and their need for assistance. When a family's distress finds its voice in a child's symptoms, pediatricians are often parents' first source for help. There is enormous diversity among families-diversity in the composition of families, in their ethnic and racial heritage, in their religious and spiritual orientation, in how they communicate, in the time they spend together, in their commitment to individual family members, in their connections to their community, in their experiences, and in their ability to adapt to stress. Within families, individuals are different from one another as well. Pediatricians are especially sensitive to differences among children-in their temperaments and personalities, in their innate and learned abilities, and in how they view themselves and respond to the world around them. It is remarkable and a testament to the effort of parents and to the resilience of children that most families function well and most children succeed in life. Family life in the United States has been subjected to extensive scrutiny and frequent commentary, yet even when those activities have been informed by research, they tend to be influenced by personal experience within families and by individual and cultural beliefs about how society and family life ought to be. The process of formulating recommendations for pediatric practice, public policy, professional education, and research requires reaching consensus on some core values and principles about family life and family functioning as they affect children, knowing that some philosophic disagreements will remain unresolved. The growing multicultural character of the country will likely heighten awareness of our diversity. Many characteristics of families have changed during the past 3 to 5 decades. Families without children younger than 18 years have increased substantially, and they are now the majority. The average age at marriage has increased, and a greater proportion of births is occurring to women older than 30 years. Between 1970 and 2000, the proportion of children in 2-parent families decreased from 85% to 69%, and more than one quarter (26%) of all children live with a single parent, usually their mother. Most of this change reflects a dramatic increase in the rate of births to unmarried women that went from 5.3% in 1960 to 33.2% in 2000. Another factor in this change is a slowly decreasing but still high divorce rate that is roughly double what it was in the mid-1950s. Family income is strongly related to children's health, and the financial resources that families have available are closely tied to changes in family structure. Family income in real dollars has trended up for many decades, but the benefits have not been shared equally. For example, the median income of families with married parents has increased by 146% since 1970, but female-headed households have experienced a growth of 131%. More striking is that in 2000, the median income of female-headed households was only 47% of that of married-couple families and only 65% of that of families with 2 married parents in which the wife was not employed. Not surprising, the proportion of children who live in poverty is approximately 5 times greater for female-headed families than for married-couple families. The comped families than for married-c

Schor, Edward L

2003-06-01

187

Magnetic Resonance Force Microscope Development  

SciTech Connect

Our objectives were to develop the Magnetic Resonance Force Microscope (MRFM) into an instrument capable of scientific studies of buried structures in technologically and scientifically important electronic materials such as magnetic multilayer materials. This work resulted in the successful demonstration of MRFM-detected ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) as a microscopic characterization tool for thin magnetic films. Strong FMR spectra obtained from microscopic Co thin films (500 and 1000 angstroms thick and 40 x 200 microns in lateral extent) allowed us to observe variations in sample inhomogeneity and magnetic anisotropy field. We demonstrated lateral imaging in microscopic FMR for the first time using a novel approach employing a spatially selective local field generated by a small magnetically polarized spherical crystallite of yttrium iron garnet. These successful applications of the MRFM in materials studies provided the basis for our successful proposal to DOE/BES to employ the MRF M in studies of buried interfaces in magnetic materials.

Hammel, P.C.; Zhang, Z.; Suh, B.J.; Roukes, M.L.; Midzor, M.; Wigen, P.E.; Childress, J.R.

1999-06-03

188

Contact Task by Force Feedback Teleoperation Under Communication Time Delay  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new strategy for space teleoperation under communication time delay, which makes it possible for an operator to know conditions of a remote manipulator through force reflection of the time delay. Using the proposed strategy, an operator feels as if the manipulator is operated through a virtual spring. Basic algorithm is that difference of command and telemetry

Masahiro Nohmi; Thomas Bock

2006-01-01

189

Report of the NASA lunar energy enterprise case study task force  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Lunar Energy Enterprise Cast Study Task Force was formed to determine the economic viability and commercial business potential of mining and extracting He-3 from the lunar soil for use in earth-based fusion reactors. In addition, the Solar Power Satellite (SPS) and the Lunar Power Station (LPS) were also evaluated because they involve the use of lunar materials and could provide energy for lunar-based activities. The Task Force considered: (1) the legal and liability aspects of the space energy projects; (2) the long-range terrestrial energy needs and options; (3) the technical maturity of the three space energy projects; and (4) their commercial potential. The use of electricity is expected to increase, but emerging environmental concerns and resource availability suggest changes for the national energy policy. All three options have the potential to provide a nearly inexhaustible, clean source of electricity for the U.S. and worldwide, without major adverse impacts on the Earth's environment. Assumption by industry of the total responsibility for these energy projects is not yet possible. Pursuit of these energy concepts requires the combined efforts of government and industry. The report identifies key steps necessary for the development of these concepts and an evolving industrial role.

1989-01-01

190

Force time-history affects fatigue accumulation during repetitive handgrip tasks.  

PubMed

Muscle fatigue is associated with a higher risk of workplace injury, in particular during repetitive tasks. This study aimed to identify the effect of a complex force-time history (a task with multiple different submaximal effort levels) on fatigue accumulation and recovery during a handgrip task. We measured surface electromyography of the brachioradialis (BRD) and flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU) of ten right hand dominant females with no history of upper limb injury while they performed a complex submaximal visually targeted gripping task. The task consisted of 15%, 30%, 45%, 30%, and 15% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) plateaus. Each plateau was held for 15s, followed by a 3s MVC and 3s of rest. The "pyramid" was repeated until fatigue criteria were met. Grip force, average EMG and mean power frequency (MnPF) for first cycle and fatigued last cycle, were compared. Post-plateau peak grip force was on average 20.5% MVC lower during the last cycle (p<0.01). Post-plateau grip forces decreased on average by 5.1% MVC after the first 15% MVC plateau (from baseline), by 5.3% MVC after the 30% MVC plateau and 6.8% MVC after the 45% MVC plateau. Further accumulation of fatigue after the second 30% MVC plateau however was minimal, only decreasing by 1.6% MVC. Recovery appeared to occur during the last 15% MVC plateau with an increase in post plateau grip force of 1.6% MVC. Interestingly, MnPF parameters confirmed significant fatigue accumulation during the back end of a force pyramid. We conclude that in a pattern of contractions with ascending, then descending force intensity, voluntary force recovery was present when the preceding force was of a lower intensity. These findings indicate preceding demands play a role in fatigue accumulation during complex tasks. PMID:25465984

Sonne, Michael W; Hodder, Joanne N; Wells, Ryan; Potvin, Jim R

2015-02-01

191

Acquisition and retention performance of a rapid force production task  

E-print Network

trials under acquisition and retention conditions. Nethod The subjects (N = 30) for Experiment 1 were student volunteers from Texas ABN University. Subjects were required to learn to produce a criterion force (225 Newtons) by hitting the padded.... e. , learning) as indicated by retention both with and without augmented feedback. 10 Limitations The following limitations should be observed before drawing conclusions from this study. 1. The subjects were student volunteers. 2. The subjects...

Indermill, Catherine

2012-06-07

192

Operation Ivy. Report of commander, Task Group 132. 1. Pacific Proving Grounds. Joint Task Force 132  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Task Group included the responsibilities to conduct experimental measurement programs on Shots Mike and King and to conduct the radiological safety program. Programs were established to make radiochemical analysis of bomb debris; to follow the progress of the nuclear reaction; to make neutron, gamma-ray, blast, thermal radiation, and electromagnetic measurements; and to make a preliminary geophysical and marine survey of the test area. The organizational structure and command relations to accomplish the mission are outlined.

Burriss, S.W.

1984-10-31

193

Report of the Task Force on SSC Magnet System Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force on SSC Magnet Systems test Site was appointed by Maury Tigner, Director of the SSC, Phase 1 in August 1984. In brief, the charge asked the Task Force to make a critical evaluation of potential test sites for a major SSC magnet System Test Facility (STF) with regard to: (1) availability of the needed space, utilities, staff and other requirements on the desired time scale; and (2) the cost of preparing the sites for the tests and for operating the facilities during the test period. The charge further suggests that, by virtue of existing facilities and availability of experienced staff, BNL and FNAL are the two best candidate sites and that is therefore appears appropriate to restrict the considerations of the Task Force to these sites. During the subsequent deliberations of the Task Force, no new facts were revealed that altered the assumptions of the charge in this regard. The charge does not ask for a specific site recommendation for the STF. Indeed, an agreement on such a recommendation would be difficult to achieve considering the composition of the Task Force, wherein a large fraction of the membership is drawn from the two contending laboratories. Instead, we have attempted to describe the purpose of the facility, outline a productive test program, list the major facilities required, carefully review the laboratories` responses to the facility requirements, and make objective comparisons of the specific features and capabilities offered.

NONE

1984-10-01

194

The influence of catch trials on the consolidation of motor memory in force field adaptation tasks  

PubMed Central

In computational neuroscience it is generally accepted that human motor memory contains neural representations of the physics of the musculoskeletal system and the objects in the environment. These representations are called “internal models”. Force field studies, in which subjects have to adapt to dynamic perturbations induced by a robotic manipulandum, are an established tool to analyze the characteristics of such internal models. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether catch trials during force field learning could influence the consolidation of motor memory in more complex tasks. Thereby, the force field was more than double the force field of previous studies (35 N·s/m). Moreover, the arm of the subjects was not supported. A total of 46 subjects participated in this study and performed center-out movements at a robotic manipulandum in two different force fields. Two control groups learned force field A on day 1 and were retested in the same force field on day 3 (AA). Two test groups additionally learned an interfering force field B (= ?A) on day 2 (ABA). The difference between the two test and control groups, respectively, was the absence (0%) or presence (19%) of catch trials, in which the force field was turned-off suddenly. The results showed consolidation of force field A on day 3 for both control groups. Test groups showed no consolidation of force field A (19% catch trials) and even poorer performance on day 3 (0% catch trials). In conclusion, it can be stated that catch trials seem to have a positive effect on the performance on day 3 but do not trigger a consolidation process as shown in previous studies that used a lower force field viscosity with supported arm. These findings indicate that the results of previous studies in which less complex tasks were analyzed, cannot be fully transferred to more complex tasks. Moreover, the effects of catch trials in these situations are insufficiently understood and further research is needed. PMID:23898319

Focke, Anne; Stockinger, Christian; Diepold, Christina; Taubert, Marco; Stein, Thorsten

2013-01-01

195

Anticipatory Control of Motion-to-Force Transitions With the Fingertips Adapts Optimally to Task Difficulty  

PubMed Central

Moving our fingertips toward objects to produce well-directed forces immediately upon contact is fundamental to dexterous manipulation. This apparently simple motion-to-force transition in fact involves a time-critical, predictive switch in control strategy. Given that dexterous manipulation must accommodate multiple mechanical conditions, we investigated whether and how this transition adapts to task difficulty. Eight adults (19–39 yr) produced ramps of isometric vertical fingertip force against a rigid surface immediately following a tapping motion. By changing target surface friction and size, we defined an easier (sandpaper, 11 mm diam) versus a more difficult (polished steel, 5 mm diam) task. As in prior work, we assembled fine-wire electromyograms from all seven muscles of the index finger into a seven-dimensional vector defining the full muscle coordination pattern—and quantified its temporal evolution as its alignment with a reference coordination pattern vector for steady-state force production. As predicted by numerical optimizations to neuromuscular delays, our empirical and sigmoidal nonlinear regression analyses show that the coordination pattern transitions begin sooner for the more difficult tasks than for the easier tasks (?120 ms, P < 0.02, and ?115 ms, P < 0.015, respectively) and that the coordination pattern transition in alignment is well represented by a sigmoidal trend (R^2 > 0.7 in most cases). Importantly, the force vector following contact had smaller directional error (P < 0.02) for the more difficult task even though the transition in coordination pattern was less stereotypical and uniform than for the easier task. These adaptations of transition strategy to task difficulty are compatible with an optimization to counteract neuromuscular delays and noise to enable this fundamental element of dexterous manipulation. PMID:19889857

Cianchetti, Flor A.

2010-01-01

196

The minimum required muscle force for a sit-to-stand task.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to reveal the minimum required muscle force for a sit-to-stand task. Combining experimental procedures and computational processing, movements of various sit-to-stand patterns were obtained. Muscle forces and activations during a movement were calculated with an inverse dynamics method and a static numerical optimization method. The required muscle force for each movement was calculated with peak muscle activation, muscle physiological cross sectional area and specific tension. The robustness of the results was quantitatively evaluated with sensitivity analyses. From the results, a distinct threshold was found for the total required muscle force of the hip and knee extensors. Specifically, two findings were revealed: (1) the total force of hip and knee extensors is appropriate as the index of minimum required muscle force for a sit-to-stand task and (2) the minimum required total force is within the range of 35.3-49.2 N/kg. A muscle is not mechanically independent from other muscles, since each muscle has some synergetic or antagonistic muscles. This means that the mechanical threshold of one muscle varies with the force exertion abilities of other muscles and cannot be evaluated independently. At the same time, some kinds of mechanical threshold necessarily exist in the sit-to-stand task, since a muscle force is an only force to drive the body and people cannot stand up from a chair without muscles. These indicate that the existence of the distinct threshold in the result of the total required muscle force is reasonable. PMID:22236523

Yoshioka, Shinsuke; Nagano, Akinori; Hay, Dean C; Fukashiro, Senshi

2012-02-23

197

Third Report of the Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir Rendezvous and Docking Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In May 1994, the Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir Rendezvous and Docking Missions was established by the NASA Advisory Council. Its purpose is to review Phase 1 (Shuttle-Mir) planning, training, operations, rendezvous and docking, and management and to provide interim reports containing specific recommendations to the Advisory Council. Phase 1 represents the building block to create the experience and technical expertise for an International Space Station. The Phase 1 program brings together the United States and Russia in a major cooperative and contractual program that takes advantage of both countries' capabilities. The content of the Phase 1 program consists of the following elements as defined by the Phase 1 Program Management Plan, dated October 6, 1994: Shuttle-Mir rendezvous and docking missions; astronaut long duration presence on Mir Requirements for Mir support of Phase 1 when astronauts are not on board; outfitting Spektr and Priroda modules with NASA science, research, and risk mitigation equipment Related ground support requirements of NASA and the Russian Space Agency (RSA) to support Phase 1 Integrated NASA and RSA launch schedules and manifests The first meeting of the Task Force was held at the Johnson Space Center (JSC) on May 24 and 25, 1994 with a preliminary report submitted to the NASA Advisory Council on June 6, 1994. The second meeting of the Task Force was held at JSC on July 12 and 13, 1994 and a detailed report containing a series of specific recommendations was submitted on July 29, 1994. This report reflects the results of the third Task Force meeting which was held at JSC on 11 and 12 October, 1994. The briefings presented at that meeting reviewed NASA's response to the Task Force recommendations made to date and provided background data and current status on several critical areas which the Task Force had not addressed in its previous reports.

1994-01-01

198

Psychophysical testing of visual prosthetic devices: a call to establish a multi-national joint task force  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in the field of visual prostheses, as showcased in this special feature of Journal of Neural Engineering , have led to promising results from clinical trials of a number of devices. However, as noted by these groups there are many challenges involved in assessing vision of people with profound vision loss. As such, it is important that there is consistency in the methodology and reporting standards for clinical trials of visual prostheses and, indeed, the broader vision restoration research field. Two visual prosthesis research groups, the Boston Retinal Implant Project (BRIP) and Bionic Vision Australia (BVA), have agreed to work cooperatively to establish a multi-national Joint Task Force. The aim of this Task Force will be to develop a consensus statement to guide the methods used to conduct and report psychophysical and clinical results of humans who receive visual prosthetic devices. The overarching goal is to ensure maximum benefit to the implant recipients, not only in the outcomes of the visual prosthesis itself, but also in enabling them to obtain accurate information about this research with ease. The aspiration to develop a Joint Task Force was first promulgated at the inaugural 'The Eye and the Chip' meeting in September 2000. This meeting was established to promote the development of the visual prosthetic field by applying the principles of inclusiveness, openness, and collegiality among the growing body of researchers in this field. These same principles underlie the intent of this Joint Task Force to enhance the quality of psychophysical research within our community. Despite prior efforts, a critical mass of interested parties could not congeal. Renewed interest for developing joint guidelines has developed recently because of a growing awareness of the challenges of obtaining reliable measurements of visual function in patients who are severely visually impaired (in whom testing is inherently noisy), and of the importance of comparing outcomes amongst the many research teams that have entered this field, all of which are using different devices implanted at various locations within the visual system and different methods of assessing efficacy. Researchers at the BRIP and BVA believe that use of common methods for testing and for reporting results would benefit all scientists and clinicians in the field, the agencies that regulate human testing, corporations that are invested in the success of this field, and, most importantly, potential patients. The Task Force will be formed with the intent of developing substantive recommendations to provide a measure of consistency and quality control within the field. The guidelines will offer recommendations for the assessment of the: (1) baseline (pre-implant) visual status of potential patients (including specification of the disease diagnosis and impact on visual functioning) and (2) post-operative visual function. The guidelines will be available to the public, research groups and companies. Any groups that choose to adopt the recommendations would be encouraged to include a formal statement of compliance in their presentations and publications. The Task Force will develop these guidelines with the understanding that the ability to perform experiments in the suggested manner might be limited by the particular engineering design and functionality of different prosthesis devices. It is not the intent of the Task Force to write strict test protocols for all parties to follow, but instead to work cooperatively as a research field to develop guidelines about the types of tests that should be implemented, and how they could be reported in a similar format between groups. The opportunity to participate on the Task Force is open to all researchers, clinicians and other specialists who work in the fields of sensory prostheses (both visual and cochlear implants), molecular therapy, stem cells, optogenetics or other fields that share a similar goal of restoring vision to the blind. Decisions about the guidelines will be made democratically, with precautions

Rizzo, Joseph F., III; Ayton, Lauren N.

2014-04-01

199

IEEE P802.3af: DTE Power via MDI Task Force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A task force of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is investigating the possibility of feeding power over Ethernet data lines. Although computer systems will not be able to be run from one all-purpose Ethernet/ power outlet, many other small Internet-enabled devices could be. For example, access points for wireless local area networks could be installed without requiring a separate power line. The task force's homepage has many technical documents about its objectives and the process of creating the standard. A number of short technical papers and presentations are also available.

200

Compendium of Feasibility Team and Task Force Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document by the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization contains: (1) a summary report on the development of a regional center for tropical medicine; (2) a preliminary study relative to a proposed regional center for education in science and mathematics; (3) a preliminary study relative to a regional institute for English…

Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization, Bangkok (Thailand).

201

FDA/NCI Interagency Oncology Task Force (IOTF)  

Cancer.gov

Under this effort, the two agencies share knowledge and resources to facilitate the development of new cancer drugs and speed their delivery to patients. Theresa Mullin, Ph.D., Assistant Commissioner, Office of Planning, Office of Policy and Planning, FDA, and Anna Barker, Ph.D., Deputy Director for Strategic Scientific Initiatives, Office of the Director, NCI, serve as the Co-Chairs for the IOTF.

202

Analysis of object-stability and internal force in robotic contact tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stability of an object manipulated by multiple robots (serial-link or wire-driven mechanisms) in contact tasks is investigated. We show that resultant force\\/moment applicable to the object through the contacts is represented as a polyhedral convex region in force\\/moment space. Then we propose a stability measure and a method of calculating it approximately by linear programming technique. We also present

Yusuke Maeda; Yasumichi Aiyama; Tamio Arai; Taiga Ozawa

1996-01-01

203

Muscle activity and time to task failure differ with load compliance and target force for elbow flexor muscles  

PubMed Central

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the influence of load compliance on time to failure during sustained isometric contractions performed with the elbow flexor muscles at four submaximal target forces. Subjects pulled against a rigid restraint during the force task and maintained a constant elbow angle, while supporting an equivalent inertial load during the position task. Each task was sustained for as long as possible. Twenty-one healthy adults (23 ± 6 yr; 11 men) participated in the study. The maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force was similar (P = 0.95) before the subjects performed the force and position tasks at each of the four target forces: 20, 30, 45, and 60% of MVC force. The time to task failure was longer for the force tasks (576 ± 80 and 325 ± 70 s) than for the position tasks (299 ± 77 and 168 ± 35 s) at target forces of 20 and 30% (P < 0.001), but was similar for the force tasks (178 ± 35 and 86 ± 14 s) and the position tasks (132 ± 29 and 87 ± 14 s) at target forces of 45 and 60% (P > 0.19). The briefer times to failure for the position task at the lower forces were accompanied by greater rates of increase in elbow flexor muscle activity, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and rating of perceived exertion. There was no difference in the estimates of external mechanical work at any target force. The dominant mechanisms limiting time to failure of sustained isometric contractions with the elbow flexor muscles appear to change at target forces between 30 and 45% MVC, with load compliance being a significant factor at lower forces only. PMID:21030676

Justice, Jamie N.; Holmes, Matthew R.; Matthews, Stephen D.; Enoka, Roger M.

2011-01-01

204

Anomalous EMG-force relations during low-force isometric tasks in hemiparetic stroke survivors.  

PubMed

Hemispheric brain injury resulting from a stroke is often accompanied by muscle weakness in contralateral limbs. In neurologically intact subjects, appropriate motoneuronal recruitment and rate modulation are utilized to optimize muscle force production. In the present study, we sought to determine whether weakness in an affected hand muscle in stroke survivors is partially attributable to alterations in the control of muscle activation. Specifically, our goal was to characterize whether the surface EMG amplitude was systematically larger as a function of (low) force in paretic hand muscles as compared to contralateral muscles in the same subject. We tested a multifunctional muscle, the first dorsal interosseous (FDI), in multiple directions about the second metacarpophalangeal joint in ten hemiparetic and six neurologically intact subjects. In six of the ten stroke subjects, the EMG-force slope was significantly greater on the affected side as compared to the contralateral side, as well as compared to neurologically intact subjects. An unexpected set of results was a nonlinear relation between recorded EMG and generated force commonly observed in the paretic FDI, even at very low-force levels. We discuss possible experimental as well as physiological factors that may contribute to an increased EMG-force slope, concluding that changes in motor unit (MU) control are the most likely reasons for the observed changes. PMID:25224701

Suresh, Nina L; Concepcion, Nicole S; Madoff, Janina; Rymer, W Z

2015-01-01

205

American Psychologist Task Force Report: Clarifying Mission, Coverage, Communication, and Review Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An American Psychological Association task force reviewed the role and function of "American Psychologist," (AP) focusing on its coverage domain and issues related to its editorial review process. This report examines AP editorial domain, AP editorial instructions, AP editorship, communications within the AP editorial process, use of ad hoc action…

Zimbardo, Philip G.

2002-01-01

206

MDS Task Force on Mild Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease: Critical Review of PD-MCI  

E-print Network

MDS Task Force on Mild Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease: Critical Review of PD-MCI Irene Hospital/University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway 3 Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center, Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA 4 Section of Parkinson Disease and Movement Disorders

207

Time for Results: The Governors' 1991 Report on Education. Supporting Works. Task Force on College Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on College Quality was charged with gathering research, reviewing literature and drawing on testimony on assessment of college effectiveness and state policies on improving higher education. Three papers are presented: (1) "College Quality: Measuring What Students Learn in Higher Education" (Jean G. McDonald); (2) "The State Role in…

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

208

Report of the Governor's Task Force on Aerospace-Aviation Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Aerospace-Aviation Education Task Force was to study the problems and present recommendations for space and aviation education in California. Educational trends and the increasing rate of dropout occurrence reveal a need to introduce changes in the education and training of students. Many career opportunities exist in the field…

Federal Aviation Administration (DOT), Washington, DC. Office of General Aviation.

209

Hunger in the Midst of Affluence: Task Force Combats Hunger in Contra Costa County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research conducted by the Hunger Task Force in Contra Costa County (California) revealed a significant increase in the number of families, especially with young children, who live in poverty and who are going hungry. A food stamp outreach program, a countywide school breakfast program, and food distribution programs have been initiated. (LP)

Fujii, Mary Lavender

1994-01-01

210

Graduate Education in Physics. Report of the Joint AAPT-APS Task Force. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Graduate Education in Physics (TFGE), an ad hoc committee convened jointly by the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) and the American Physical Society (APS), has studied the current status of graduate education in physics Ph.D. programs, and has made recommendations based on what was found. The findings indicate that…

American Association of Physics Teachers (NJ1), 2006

2006-01-01

211

Report of the Interagency Task Force on Persistent Marine Debris, May 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a definition of the marine debris problem and a charge to the task force. Presents five general recommendations concerning: federal leadership, public awareness and education program, implementation of laws, research and monitoring, and beach clean-up and monitoring. (RT)

Keeny, Timothy R. E.; Cottingham, David

1989-01-01

212

Preserving the Illustrated Text. Report of the Joint Task Force on Text and Image.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the Joint Task Force on Text and Image was to inquire into the problems, needs, and methods for preserving images in text that are important for scholarship in a wide range of disciplines and to draw from that exploration a set of principles, guidelines, and recommendations for a comprehensive national strategy for image…

Commission on Preservation and Access, Washington, DC.

213

The South Pole Telescope: A white paper for the Dark Energy Task Force  

E-print Network

The South Pole Telescope: A white paper for the Dark Energy Task Force J. E. Carlstrom, C. Chang, T constraints on the nature of dark energy by measuring its impact on the growth of structure, specifically redshifts, the statistical power of the survey yields are sufficient to measure the dark energy equation

Collar, Juan I.

214

Report of the Advisory Task Force for Program Accountability in the Wichita Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A desire for greater accountability in the basic skills areas in the Wichita (Kansas) Public Schools led the board of education to establish a 58-member task force to study the situation. This document comprises the final reports of subcommittees in six areas of investigation: reading, mathematics, social studies, written composition, vocational…

Wichita Public Schools, KS.

215

76 FR 76189 - Notice of Public Hearing-Fiscal Oversight Task Force Report & Recommendations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...comment period; and (3) reactions to those comments submitted...p.m., Eastern Standard Time. Location: The Legal Services...previously submitted, and reactions to those comments from several...summary of Task Force members' reactions may be viewed online at...

2011-12-06

216

A Report of the Distinguished Citizens Task Force on Quality Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A task force consisting of individuals representing business, industry, government, public and private sector agencies, higher education, and elementary and secondary education was convened in September 1982 to recommend actions to insure that excellent teachers are attracted to and retained in Connecticut's classrooms. To that end, participants…

Hartford Univ., West Hartford, CT.

217

In Search of the Freedom to Grow: Report of the Physical Education/Athletics Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many physical educators, administrators, and parents argue that it makes little sense to spend time and money building athletic programs for young women when they are not interested in pursuing sports activities. Such an attitude is explored in this Task Force report questioning what roles, if any, physical education teachers have predetermined…

Atkinson, Karla

218

Task Force Reports on Women in the Courts: The Challenge for Legal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several states have recently commissioned special task forces to investigate and report on the status of women litigants, attorneys, and court employees. The reports present law schools with an urgent challenge and exciting opportunity to rethink and reconstruct legal education. (Author/MSE)

Schneider, Elizabeth M.

1988-01-01

219

RECOMMENDATIONS OF SPECIAL TASK FORCE MEMBERS: FIRST SUBMISSIONS: 20 MARCH 2014  

E-print Network

RECOMMENDATIONS OF SPECIAL TASK FORCE MEMBERS: FIRST SUBMISSIONS: 20 MARCH 2014 FACULTY for retention, tenure and promotion. (Murray) 3. Commit to the aggressive recruitment of female faculty and faculty of color; and ensure that female faculty and faculty of color are retained, promoted and tenured

Su, Xiao

220

[American Association of Community and Junior Colleges] Task Force: Strategies in Support of [Associate Degree Nursing].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts the American Association of Community and Junior College's opposition to a 1978 American Nurses Association resolution requiring the bachelor's degree for nursing licensure. Describes the formation of the Associate Degree Nursing Task Force, outlining its membership, concerns, and projected state forums. Promises final report in fall of…

Parilla, Robert N.

1981-01-01

221

Task Force on the Education of Maryland's African-American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 9, 2003, the Task Force on the Education of Maryland's African-American Males was convened by the Maryland K-16 Leadership Council (chaired by the University System of Maryland Chancellor William E. Kirwan, former Maryland Acting Secretary of Higher Education John A. Sabatini, Jr., and Maryland State Superintendent of Schools Nancy S.…

Maryland State Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

222

Task Force on Career Planning and Placement Report. Academic Programs Publication Series Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Career Planning and Placement in the University of Florida's College of Agriculture (COA) reviewed career planning and placement services available to COA students and made recommendations to define, expand, and improve the COA career planning and placement program. COA has a strong need for a comprehensive career planning and…

Florida Univ., Gainesville. Inst. of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

223

What Will The Neighbors Think? A Discussion with the Fermilab ILC Citizens' Task Force  

E-print Network

What Will The Neighbors Think? A Discussion with the Fermilab ILC Citizens' Task Force July 27, what would you say? What are the scientific and social benefits of building the ILC? 2. If the ILC were built under my home, what would that mean to me? What are the safety, environmental, health

Quigg, Chris

224

Submarine communication peformance in Naval tactical intra-task force networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

When participating in an intra-task force communications network, an attack submarine (SSN) is disadvantaged with respect to the other participating platforms for the following reasons. 1) Because of the nature of its missions, it participates in the network on an intermittent basis. Thus, its connectivity is disadvantaged in terms of time. 2) Its connectivity is also disadvantaged in terms of

Gerard M. Exley; Leszek K. Reiss; Lazaros F. Merakos

1993-01-01

225

Openly Arrived At. Report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Broadcasting and the Legislature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An independent task force, originally asked to explore the broad area of political public affairs broadcasting, changed its focus as a result of the Watergate crisis to the future of television as a source of information on the institutions and issues of government. To reinstate the balance of power between the legislative and executive branches…

Mitchell, Lee M.

226

Bicycle Safety Task Force with LBNL Bicycle Coalition Page 1 of 1  

E-print Network

­ Bicycle Safety Policy The Berkeley Lab presents many unique challenges for motor vehicle, bicycleBicycle Safety Task Force with LBNL Bicycle Coalition April 2005 Page 1 of 1 Traffic Safety Program, and pedestrian safety. The roadways are narrow, can be crowded and under construction, traverse steep terrain

Knowles, David William

227

Adult Learners: Why Were They Successful? Lessons Learned via an Adult Learner Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adult learner task force at a small liberal arts college conducted a telephone survey of a random stratified sample of approximately 40 recent graduates from 3 college programs to identify factors perceived as contributing to the graduates' academic success. Additionally, a focus group was convened to assess faculty perceptions of institutional…

Hofmann, Joan M.; And Others

228

Task Force Report. State of the Art of Adult Education: CONFINTEA Follow Up. [and] Workshop Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes task force recommendations on the role of the International Council for Adult Education in monitoring achievement of adult education objectives, qualitative and quantitative indicators, and diverse data collection methods. Eleven workshop reports discuss progress on adult education policy advocacy, documentation, health care reform,…

Convergence, 2001

2001-01-01

229

Modelling finger force produced from different tasks using linear mixed models  

E-print Network

: Linear mixed model, Repeated measures, Heteroscedasticity, Correlation, lme R function, Biomechanics. 1 of simultaneous finger measurements. To fit these data, we propose a methodology focused on linear mixed modelsModelling finger force produced from different tasks using linear mixed models with lme R function

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

230

Governor McCrory Creates Task Force to Combat Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking  

E-print Network

Wos. "There is growing abuse of prescription drugs and alcohol, particularly among our young peopleGovernor McCrory Creates Task Force to Combat Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking Chancellor substance abuse and underage drinking. The Governor's Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking Prevention

231

President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Domestic Applications of Communication Satellite Technology. Staff Paper Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy examines the feasibility of a domestic communications satellite system. Although, with expected technological advancement, satellites may play a significant role in domestic transmission and are economically feasible right now, a number of remaining questions make the…

President's Task Force on Communications Policy, Washington, DC.

232

Future Opportunities for Television. Part I. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Six.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy examines the future of broadcast television. The central question in formulating broadcast policy is how to mesh traditional policies with new technology to exploit fully the potential value of television. Two areas are stressed--the basic structure of TV broadcasting in the…

Rostow, Eugene V.

233

The Domestic Telecommunications Carrier Industry. Part I. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Five.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper submitted to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy recommends that public policy ensure an integrated structure in the telecommunications industry, while fostering limited competition to keep the system responsive to new technology and to consumer demands. The present system of regulated monopoly for companies supplying…

Rostow, Eugene V.

234

Baccalaureate Review Task Force Proposed Purpose Statement and Student Learning Goals  

E-print Network

from baccalaureate goals, to general education, departments, and then to the major. The university education possible. Goals allow us to be better and more consistent in what we do. Educational reformBaccalaureate Review Task Force Proposed Purpose Statement and Student Learning Goals Extended

Karonis, Nicholas T.

235

Defense Waste Processing Facility: Report of task force on options to mitigate the effect of nitrite on DWPF operations  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of accumulating ammonium nitrate (an explosive) as well as organic compounds in the DWPF Chemical Processing Cell Vent System was recently discovered. A task force was therefore organized to examine ways to avoid this potential hazard. Of thirty-two processing/engineering options screened, the task force recommended five options, deemed to have the highest technical certainty, for detailed development and evaluation: Radiolysis of nitrite in the tetraphenylborate precipitate slurry feed in a new corrosion-resistant facility. Construction of a Late Washing Facility for precipitate washing before transfer to the DWPF; Just-in-Time'' precipitation; Startup Workaround by radiolysis of nitrite in the existing corrosion-resistant Pump Pit tanks; Ammonia venting and organics separation in the DWPF; and, Estimated costs and schedules are included in this report.

Randall, D. (ed.); Marek, J.C.

1992-03-01

236

Assisting versus repelling force-feedback for learning of a line following task in a wheelchair.  

PubMed

Previous work has shown that training with the "assist-as-needed" method using a force-feedback joystick can improve the driving performance of children and adults. This paper is the first study to evaluate training with a repelling force versus an assisting force for learning of a line following task in a wheelchair through a force-feedback joystick. We designed a robotic training wheelchair, that can accurately localize itself in the training environment, and implemented assisting and repelling force fields on the force-feedback joystick. The training protocol included three groups. The control (CT) group received no force feedback. The assisting force (AF) group was trained using the "assist-as-needed" paradigm. The repelling force (RF) group was trained with the repelling force field. We observed that both the AF and RF groups improved their driving skills. The error reductions of both groups were not statistically different under the current setting. We believe that this pilot study could provide a promising foundation regarding the effects of a robotic wheelchair training algorithm on motor learning. PMID:23475377

Chen, Xi; Agrawal, Sunil K

2013-11-01

237

Task Force Report 5. Report of the Task Force on Family Medicine’s Role in Shaping the Future Health Care Delivery System  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Recognizing that the implementation of needed changes within family medicine will be enhanced through a concurrent effort to transform the broader health care system, this Future of Family Medicine task force was charged with determining family medicine’s leadership role in shaping the future health care delivery system. METHODS After reviewing the changes taking place within family medicine and the broader health care system, this task force identified 6 priorities for fostering necessary modifications in the health care system. In addressing the leadership challenge facing the discipline, the task force presents a 3-dimensional matrix that provides a useful framework for describing the audiences that should be targeted, the strategic priorities that should be pursued, and the specific recommendations that should be addressed. Noting that leadership is part of the heritage of family medicine, the task force reviewed past successes by the discipline as important lessons that can be instructive as family physicians begin advocating for needed changes. MAJOR FINDINGS Effective leadership is an essential ingredient that will determine, to a large extent, the success of family medicine in advocating for needed change in the health care system overall and in the specialty. It is vitally important to groom leaders within family medicine and to create venues where policy makers and influence leaders can look beyond their usual constituencies and horizons to a comprehensive view of health care. A central concept being proposed is that of a relationship-centered personal medical home. This medical home serves as the focal point through which all individuals—regardless of age, gender, race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status—receive a basket of acute, chronic, and preventive medical care services that are accessible, accountable, comprehensive, integrated, patient-centered, safe, scientifically valid, and satisfying to both patients and their physicians. CONCLUSION Family medicine has and will continue to have an important leadership role in health system change. It has been most successful when it has been able to identify a high-priority goal through consensus within the discipline, to focus and coordinate local and national resources, and to use a multipronged approach in addressing the priority. Although the Future of Family Medicine project has provided an important impetus for the identification of key priorities across the discipline, for the FFM project ultimately to be a success, implementation steps will need to be identified and prioritized. The leadership matrix presented in this report can provide a useful structuring tool to identify, understand, and coordinate change efforts more effectively. Strategic alliances with primary care groups and others also will be critical to the success of change initiatives.

Roberts, Richard G.; Snape, Pam S.; Burke, Kevin

2004-01-01

238

Interlimb and within limb force coordination in static bimanual manipulation task.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to compare the coordination of hand grip (G) and load force (a force that tends to cause slippage of a grasped object; L) in static bimanual manipulation tasks with the same data obtained from the similar dynamic tasks. Based on the previous findings obtained from dynamic tasks, it was hypothesized that an increase in the rate of L change would be predominantly associated with a decrease in the coordination of the within limb forces (coordination of G and L of each hand as assessed through the correlation coefficients), while a decrease in coordination of interlimb forces (between two G and two L) will be less pronounced. Regarding the pattern of modulation of G, the same increase in L frequency was also expected to be associated with a decrease in G gain and an increase in G offset (as assessed by slope and intercept of the regression lines obtained from G to L diagrams, respectively), as well as with an increase in average G/L ratio. Subjects exerted oscillatory isometric L profiles by simultaneous pulling out two handles of an externally fixed device under an exceptionally wide range of L frequencies (0.67-3.33 Hz). The results demonstrated relatively high correlation coefficients between both the interlimb and within limb forces that were only moderately affected under sub-maximal L frequencies. Furthermore, the hypothesized changes in G gain and offset appeared only under the highest L frequency, while the G/L ratio remained unaffected. We conclude that, when compared with the dynamic tasks based on the unconstrained movements of hand-held objects that produce similar pattern of L change, the static manipulation tasks demonstrate a consistent and highly coordinated pattern of bilateral G and L under a wide range of frequencies. However, the neural mechanisms that play a role in the revealed differences need further elucidation. PMID:16078026

Jaric, Slobodan; Collins, Jeffrey J; Marwaha, Rahul; Russell, Elizabeth

2006-01-01

239

Report of the ASHP Task Force on Caring for Patients Served by Specialty Suppliers.  

PubMed

Task Force recommendations are discussed in more detail in eAppendix A (available at www.ajhp.org). What follows is a brief summary of those recommendations. In very abbreviated terms, the Task Force suggested that ASHP: 1. Consider creating and maintaining a Web resource center on ASHP's website to provide information about restricted drug distributions systems (RDDSs), risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMSs), risk assessment and minimization plans (RiskMAPs), and specialty suppliers and products. 2. Provide comprehensive education to members, other health professionals, regulators, third-party payers, patients, and other stakeholders about RDDSs, REMSs, RiskMAPs, and specialty suppliers and products. 3. Develop policies to advocate that a. Pharmacists serve as the institutional leaders in compliance and utilization challenges of safely managing externally supplied medications and related drug administration devices, b. Agencies, organizations, and associations that influence the distribution, sale, and dispensing of medications under these alternative distribution models address issues these models create in continuity of care, reimbursement, and patient safety, c. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Joint Commission develop standards and interpretations that accommodate hospital use of these products and devices when currently available technology (e.g., cold-chain storage, e-pedigree) is used to ensure patient safety, d. Group purchasing organizations negotiate contractual arrangements for specialty pharmaceuticals for both acquisition costs and distribution arrangements, and e. Information technology (IT) be used to resolve issues created by alternative distribution models and that ASHP work with IT vendors to ensure that programs are designed to meet the needs of these evolving models. 4. Quantify through research, perhaps in cooperation with entities such as the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Institute of Medicine, and the Institute for Safe Medication Practices, the impact of alternative distribution models on financial, safety, clinical, and humanistic patient outcomes. 5. Develop multidisciplinary tools and best practices that assist health care practitioners address the challenges created by alternative distribution models, from patient intake and referral to hospital discharge. PMID:20852168

Caselnova, Dominick; Donley, Kathy; Ehlers, Diane; Hyduk, Amy E; Koontz, Susannah E; Nowobilski-Vasilios, Anna; Pawlicki, Kathleen S; Poikonen, John C; Poremba, Art C; Sasser, Cathy L; Schell, Kenneth H; Schwab, Jay L; Swinarski, Dave; Chen, David; Kirschenbaum, Bonnie; Armitstead, John

2010-10-01

240

Task Force to Study the Governance, Coordination, and Funding of the University System of Maryland. 1998 Interim Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report was prepared by a task force appointed to examine issues related to the University System of Maryland (USM) ten years after its creation in 1988. The task force focused on key issues raised by stakeholders and higher education experts, including statewide goals and priorities for the USM; duplication and overlap of authority between the…

Maryland State Dept. of Legislative Services, Annapolis.

241

77 FR 75150 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended...Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and...Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200 Stovall St...briefers on the Task Force's topics of inquiry....

2012-12-19

242

76 FR 71331 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended...Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and...Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200 Stovall St...briefers on the Task Force's topics of inquiry....

2011-11-17

243

78 FR 7415 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended...Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and...Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200 Stovall St...briefers on the Task Force's topics of inquiry....

2013-02-01

244

77 FR 68744 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended...Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and...Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200 Stovall St...briefers on the Task Force's topics of inquiry....

2012-11-16

245

78 FR 14272 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended...Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and...Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200 Stovall St...briefers on the Task Force's topics of inquiry....

2013-03-05

246

Development of the JEDEC forced convection standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

The JEDEC JC15.1 committee is developing standards defining the thermal characterization of integrated circuit devices. A forced convection standard, JEDEC JESD51-6, has been published which defines the measurement of the junction-to-moving-air thermal resistance, ?JMA or Theta JMA. This paper documents the key work that was done to develop and validate the forced convection standard. A round robin test was conducted

A. Claassen; Bennett Joiner; Z. Celik; A. Ortega

2000-01-01

247

Visuomotor processing and hand force coordination in dyslexic children during a visually guided manipulation task.  

PubMed

Developmental Dyslexia negatively affects children's reading and writing ability and, in most cases, performance in sensorimotor tasks. These deficits have been associated with structural and functional alterations in the cerebellum and the posterior parietal cortex (PPC). Both neural structures are active during visually guided force control and in the coordination of load force (LF) and grip force (GF) during manipulation tasks. Surprisingly, both phenomena have not been investigated in dyslexic children. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare dyslexic and non-dyslexic children regarding their visuomotor processing ability and GF-LF coordination during a static manipulation task. Thirteen dyslexic (8-14 YO) and 13 age- and sex-matched non-dyslexic (control) children participated in the study. They were asked to grasp a fixed instrumented handle using the tip of all digits and pull the handle upward exerting isometric force to match a ramp-and-hold force profile displayed in a computer monitor. Task performance (i.e., visuomotor coordination) was assessed by RMSE calculated in both ramp and hold phases. GF-LF coordination was assessed by the ratio between GF and LF (GF/LF) calculated at both phases and the maximum value of a cross-correlation function (rmax) and its respective time lag calculated at ramp phase. The results revealed that the RMSE at both phases was larger in dyslexic than in control children. However, we found that GF/LF, rmax, and time lags were similar between groups. Those findings indicate that dyslexic children have a mild deficit in visuomotor processing but preserved GF-LF coordination. Altogether, these findings suggested that dyslexic children could present mild structural and functional alterations in specific PPC or cerebellum areas that are directly related to visuomotor processing. PMID:24960554

de Freitas, Paulo B; Pedão, Sabrina T; Barela, Jose A

2014-10-01

248

Efficient training protocol for rapid learning of the two?alternative forced?choice visual stimulus detection task  

PubMed Central

Abstract The potential of genetically engineered rodent models has accelerated demand for training procedures of behavioral tasks. Such training is generally time consuming and often shows large variability in learning speed between animals. To overcome these problems, we developed an efficient and stable training system for the two?alternative forced?choice (2AFC) visual stimulus detection task for freely behaving rodents. To facilitate the task learning, we introduced a spout?lever as the operandum and a three?step training program with four ingenuities: (1) a salient stimulus to draw passive attention, (2) a reward?guaranteed trial to keep motivation, (3) a behavior?corrective trial, and (4) switching from a reward?guaranteed trial to a nonguaranteed one to correct behavioral patterns. Our new training system realizes 1?week completion of the whole learning process, during which all rats were able to learn effortlessly the association between (1) lever?manipulation and reward and (2) visual stimulus and reward in a step?by?step manner. Thus, our new system provides an effective and stable training method for the 2AFC visual stimulus detection task. This method should help accelerate the move toward research bridging the visual functions measured in behavioral tasks and the contributing specific neurons/networks that are genetically manipulated or optically controlled. PMID:24994895

Soma, Shogo; Suematsu, Naofumi; Shimegi, Satoshi

2014-01-01

249

Force control of heavy lift manipulators for high precision insertion tasks  

E-print Network

The inherent strength of robotic manipulators can be used to assist humans in performing heavy lifting tasks. These robots reduce manpower, reduce fatigue, and increase productivity. This thesis deals with the development ...

DiCicco, Matthew A. (Matthew Adam)

2005-01-01

250

A task force model for statewide change in nursing education: building quality and safety.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article was to describe a statewide planning process to transform nursing education in Michigan to improve quality and safety of patient care. A task force model was used to engage diverse partners in issue identification, consensus building, and recommendations. An example of a statewide intervention in nursing education and practice that was executed was the Michigan Quality and Safety in Nursing Education Institute, which was held using an integrated approach to academic-practice partners from all state regions. This paper describes the unique advantage of leadership by the Michigan Chief Nurse Executive, the existence of a nursing strategic plan, and a funding model. An overview of the Task Force on Nursing Education is presented with a focus on the model's 10 process steps and resulting seven recommendations. The Michigan Nurse Education Council was established to implement the recommendations that included quality and safety. PMID:23566458

Mundt, Mary H; Clark, Margherita Procaccini; Klemczak, Jeanette Wrona

2013-01-01

251

U.S. Department of Justice: Task Force for Faith-based & Community Initiatives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On January 29, 2001, President George W. Bush issued two executive orders related to faith-based and community organizations. The first established a base of operations within the White House for such initiatives, and the second established centers within various cabinet- level departments, including the Department of Justice (DOJ). As the latter's website notes, "The Task Force's purpose is to promote good works by neighbors, particularly in the areas of juvenile delinquency, prisoners and their families, victims of crime, domestic violence, and drug addiction/treatment/prevention." Visitors to the site can learn about funding opportunities administered by the DOJ and also read some of its publications, such as "Moving Beyond the Walls: Faith and Justice Partnerships Working for High Risk Youth". Interested parties may also want to look at the Task Force's FAQ section and sign up to receive email updates.

252

Developments of new force reflecting control schemes and an application to a teleoperation training simulator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two schemes of force reflecting control, position-error based force reflection and low-pass-filtered force reflection, both combined with shared compliance control, were developed for dissimilar master-slave arms. These schemes enabled high force reflection gains, which were not possible with a conventional scheme when the slave arm was much stiffer than the master arm. The experimental results with a peg-in-hole task indicated that the newly force reflecting control schemes combined with compliance control resulted in best task performances. As a related application, a simulated force reflection/shared compliance control teleoperation trainer was developed that provided the operator with the feel of kinesthetic force virtual reality.

Kim, Won S.

1992-01-01

253

Persistent Symptoms Associated with Factors Identified by the WHO Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examined the role of factors identified by the World Health Organization's Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury as being associated with poor outcome after mild traumatic brain injury. Employing symptom severity ratings at 3 months post-injury greater than “mild,” subgroups of Higher-Severity (20%) and Lower-Severity (80%) participants were identified. Findings revealed that individuals who report greater

Shauna Kashluba; Chris Paniak; Joseph E. Casey

2008-01-01

254

Regressor-free force\\/position control of fixed-base exoskeletons for rehabilitation tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The required tasks in fixed-base exoskeletons demand a fast position\\/force controller; yet robust against unknown disturbances due to the application itself is tightly coupled with a human in a wide range of operational conditions, which give rise to human-exoskeleton interaction dynamics, high nonlinear uncertain exoskeleton dynamics, noisy sensors and other parametric uncertainties, such as environmental contacts. These factors do not

Luis Ivan Lugo-villeda; Antonio Frisoli; Vicente Parra-vega; Massimo Bergamasco

2009-01-01

255

Comparison of ambulatory blood pressure and Task Force criteria to identify pediatric hypertension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess the level of agreement between central European ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM)\\u000a and American Task Force (TF) criteria when applied to blood pressure (BP) measurements collected by ABPM to evaluate patients\\u000a with hypertension. In 169 patients, we applied both sets of criteria and calculated mean daytime and nighttime BP and daytime\\u000a BP

Leila N. Díaz; Eduardo H. Garin

2007-01-01

256

Government Information Locator Service (GILS). Draft report to the Information Infrastructure Task Force  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is a draft report on the Government Information Locator Service (GILS) to the National Information Infrastructure (NII) task force. GILS is designed to take advantage of internetworking technology known as client-server architecture which allows information to be distributed among multiple independent information servers. Two appendices are provided -- (1) A glossary of related terminology and (2) extracts from a draft GILS profile for the use of the American National Standard Information Retrieval Application Service Definition and Protocol Specification for Library Applications.

1994-01-01

257

The Caribbean Financial Action Task Force: its mission, operations and future prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To outline the role of the Caribbean Financial Action Task Force (CFATF), which has the remit to spearhead the implementation of internationally recognized anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML\\/CFT) benchmarks in the Caribbean Basin region. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The first part of the paper sets out the mandate and structure of the CFATF, and describes the

Calvin E. J. Wilson; Kurt B. Rattray

2007-01-01

258

NASA Remediation Technology Collaboration Development Task, Overview and Project Summaries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview presentation of NASA's Remediation Technology Collaboration Development Task including the following project summaries: in situ groundwater monitor, in situ chemical oxidation, in situ bioremediation, horizontal multi-port well, and high resolution site characterization.

Romeo, James G.

2014-01-01

259

Is the Go/No-Go Lexical Decision Task Preferable to the Yes/No Task with Developing Readers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lexical decision task is probably the most common laboratory visual word identification task together with the naming task. In the usual setup, participants need to press the "yes" button when the stimulus is a word and the "no" button when the stimulus is not a word. A number of studies have employed this task with developing readers;…

Moret-Tatay, Carmen; Perea, Manuel

2011-01-01

260

Mechanical forces in plant growth and development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Plant cells perceive forces that arise from the environment and from the biophysics of plant growth. These forces provide meaningful cues that can affect the development of the plant. Seedlings of Arabidopsis thaliana were used to examine the cytoplasmic tensile character of cells that have been implicated in the gravitropic response. Laser-trapping technology revealed that the starch-containing statoliths of the central columella cells in root caps are held loosely within the cytoplasm. In contrast, the peripheral cells have starch granules that are relatively resistant to movement. The role of the actin cytoskeleton in affecting the tensile character of these cells is discussed. To explore the role that biophysical forces might play in generating developmental cues, we have developed an experimental model system in which protoplasts, embedded in a synthetic agarose matrix, are subjected to stretching or compression. We have found that protoplasts subjected to these forces from five minutes to two hours will subsequently elongate either at right angles or parallel to the tensive or compressive force vector. Moreover, the cortical microtubules are found to be organized either at right angles or parallel to the tensive or compressive force vector. We discuss these results in terms of an interplay of information between the extracellular matrix and the underlying cytoskeleton.

Fisher, D. D.; Cyr, R. J.

2000-01-01

261

FATF: Financial Action Task Force On Money Laundering = GAFI: Groupe d'Action Financiere sur le Blanchiment des Capitaux  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has established this site, which features a publications page that includes the last six annual reports on task force activity (1991/2-1994/5 reports are available in Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only). These reports detail money laundering "methods and countermeasures," and "monitor the implementation of anti-money laundering measures." Also included are reports on "money laundering typologies." Users can find news of FATF's work and forty recommendations to combat money laundering. Parts of the site are available in French, German, and Portuguese, as well as English.

Financial Aid Task Force on Money Laundering.

262

International confederation for cleft lip and palate and related craniofacial anomalies task force report: beyond eurocleft.  

PubMed

The assigned objective for the Task Force Beyond Eurocleft was "to make recommendations for initiations of local and/or participation in multi-national cleft outcome studies and consist of individuals from the European experience with cleft outcome studies (Scandcleft, Eurocleft) and those who have initiated, or intend to initiate, similar studies in other geographical areas." By May 2013 the Task Force (TF) consisted of 183 members from 59 countries. It was agreed that this initiative should be truly global and include all cleft specialties as well as representatives from cleft support groups in recognition of the huge commitment for improving cleft care worldwide. The vision for this group is to build a dynamic, well-functioning TF that will work globally and be multidisciplinary with inclusive and respectful behavior to improve care for all individuals born with cleft lip and/or palate. As there is a large diversity in needs and interest in the group a range of parallel approaches would be required depending on the experience, resources, and challenges of regions, teams, and individuals. Important ideas for future work were: (1) Work on a global survey of access, existing outcome studies, current collaborations, and lessons learned. (2) Work towards the creation of a lasting, living resource for newcomers to intercenter collaboration that is kept fresh with new reports, copies of relevant publications, model grant applications, and a list of volunteers with the right experience to provide support and guidance for new initiatives. (3) Develop simple online training modules to provide information about the benefits and principles of multidisciplinary care, collaborative data collection and auditing short and longer-term outcomes. (4) Establish subgroups that will work within all regions of the world with regional and national leaders identified. An evaluation of current standards of care should be undertaken and country/region specific remedies to optimize treatment outcome suggested. (5) Reach agreement on minimum standards of care, minimum record collection, and reach consensus on simple outcome measures in all disciplines. This should include all cleft types and all ages. These standards could be used to encourage governments to fund multidisciplinary care. (6) Teams will be encouraged to start and continue recordkeeping using simple and agreed protocols, according to agreed standards of minimum records and later share their data with other teams and then, embark on outcome studies. (7) Teams already active in research should: Create a register for cleft professionals and teams to reach agreement of contemporary and comprehensive multidisciplinary outcome measures, explore the possibilities using modern technology and plan large multi-national studies. A patient/parent centered data collection should always be included. These studies need funding. One task could also be exploring whether health care at a distance could be initiated using new technology. PMID:25244656

Semb, Gunvor

2014-11-01

263

Development of motor planning for dexterity tasks in trisomy 21.  

PubMed

We examined the macroscopic aspects of motor planning in two manual dexterity tasks, comparing children, adolescents, and young adults with trisomy 21 (T21) with typically developing controls from a developmental perspective. We analyzed the order in which objects were picked up from a table during two manual tasks of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC). Participants with T21 were always slower than controls. Task completion times depended on the strategy used by participants to gather up the pegs or coins. A structured strategy, in which the participants picked the items up moving methodically along each row/column, contributed to rapid task completion by younger children and participants with T21. This study highlights the ability of children with T21 to select and maintain an efficient strategy that takes account of their motor difficulties. Developmental trajectories help to explain T21 functioning in these dexterity tasks. PMID:24769429

Jover, Marianne; Ayoun, Catherine; Berton, Catherine; Carlier, Michèle

2014-07-01

264

Air Force cryocooler development for spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview is given of Air Force sponsored cryocooler development for long duration spacecraft missions. Alternate approaches are being pursued to insure eventual success. The types of closed cycle cryocoolers that are now in advanced development include Vuilleumier, turbo-Brayton, and rotary-reciprocating refrigerators. Linear Stirling coolers with magnetic bearings have also been jointly sponsored by NASA and the Air Force. Technology is also being explored for future coolers using magnetic materials at low temperatures and for refrigerators with sorption compresssors. All of these cryocoolers are presently configured primarily for use with infrared sensor systems, but the designs could be adapted for use with cryogenic fluid storage systems or other applications.

Haskin, William L.

1987-01-01

265

High force reaching task induces widespread inflammation, increased spinal cord neurochemicals and neuropathic pain.  

PubMed

Repetitive strain injuries (RSI), which include several musculoskeletal disorders and nerve compression injuries, are associated with performance of repetitive and forceful tasks. In this study, we examined in young, adult Sprague-Dawley rats, the effects of performing a voluntary, moderate repetition, high force (MRHF; nine reaches/min; 60% maximum pulling force) task for 12 weeks on motor behavior and nerve function, inflammatory responses in forearm musculoskeletal and nerve tissues and serum, and neurochemical immunoexpression in cervical spinal cord dorsal horns. We observed no change in reach rate, but reduced voluntary participation and grip strength in week 12, and increased cutaneous sensitivity in weeks 6 and 12, the latter indicative of mechanical allodynia. Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) decreased 15% in the median nerve in week 12, indicative of low-grade nerve compression. ED-1 cells increased in distal radius and ulna in week 12, and in the median nerve and forearm muscles and tendons in weeks 6 and 12. Cytokines IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-10 increased in distal forearm bones in week 12, while IL-6 increased in tendon in week 12. However, serum analysis revealed only increased TNF-alpha in week 6 and macrophage inflammatory protein 3a (MIP3a) in weeks 6 and 12. Lastly, Substance P and neurokinin-1 were both increased in weeks 6 and 12 in the dorsal horns of cervical spinal cord segments. These results show that a high force, but moderate repetition task, induced declines in motor and nerve function as well as peripheral and systemic inflammatory responses (albeit the latter was mild). The peripheral inflammatory responses were associated with signs of central sensitization (mechanical allodynia and increased neurochemicals in spinal cord dorsal horns). PMID:19032977

Elliott, M B; Barr, A E; Clark, B D; Amin, M; Amin, S; Barbe, M F

2009-01-23

266

Energetic costs of producing muscle work and force in a cyclical human bouncing task  

PubMed Central

Muscles expend energy to perform active work during locomotion, but they may also expend significant energy to produce force, for example when tendons perform much of the work passively. The relative contributions of work and force to overall energy expenditure are unknown. We therefore measured the mechanics and energetics of a cyclical bouncing task, designed to control for work and force. We hypothesized that near bouncing resonance, little work would be performed actively by muscle, but the cyclical production of force would cost substantial metabolic energy. Human subjects (n = 9) bounced vertically about the ankles at inversely proportional frequencies (1–4 Hz) and amplitudes (15–4 mm), such that the overall rate of work performed on the body remained approximately constant (0.30 ± 0.06 W/kg), but the forces varied considerably. We used parameter identification to estimate series elasticity of the triceps surae tendon, as well as the work performed actively by muscle and passively by tendon. Net metabolic energy expenditure for bouncing at 1 Hz was 1.15 ± 0.31 W/kg, attributable mainly to active muscle work with an efficiency of 24 ± 3%. But at 3 Hz (near resonance), most of the work was performed passively, so that active muscle work could account for only 40% of the net metabolic rate of 0.76 ± 0.28 W/kg. Near resonance, a cost for cyclical force that increased with both amplitude and frequency of force accounted for at least as much of the total energy expenditure as a cost for work. Series elasticity reduces the need for active work, but energy must still be expended for force production. PMID:21212245

Kuo, Arthur D.

2011-01-01

267

Joint Publication 3-05.1 Joint Special Operations Task Force Operations  

E-print Network

This publication provides joint doctrine for organizing, planning, preparing, and executing joint special operations task force (JSOTF) operations to include targeting and mission planning. It also provides guidance for establishing command relationships normally associated with a JSOTF or theater special operations command. 2. Purpose This publication has been prepared under the direction of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It sets forth joint doctrine to govern the activities and performance of the Armed Forces of the United States in operations and provides the doctrinal basis for interagency coordination and for US military involvement in multinational operations. It provides military guidance for the exercise of authority by combatant commanders and other joint force commanders (JFCs) and prescribes joint doctrine for operations and training. It provides military guidance for use by the Armed Forces in preparing their appropriate plans. It is not the intent of this publication to restrict the authority of the JFC from organizing the force and executing the mission in a manner the JFC deems most appropriate to ensure unity of effort in the accomplishment of the overall objective.

unknown authors

268

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Carson, California, January 14, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

269

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Kansas City, Missouri, December 1, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

270

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Albuquerque, New Mexico, September 22, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

271

The Fourth R: Reasoning. Proceedings of the Conference of the University/Urban Schools National Task Force (4th, San Juan, Puerto Rico, November 11 & 12, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains proceedings of the Fourth Conference of the University/Urban Schools National Task Force. The conference was held to present information about four programs designed to help high school students to sharpen their reasoning skills. Criteria for program development state that: (1) the program can be taught to teachers in a…

Bossone, Richard M., Ed.

272

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Cambridge, Massachusetts, April 7, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

273

Direct space-charge effects on the ILC damping rings: Task ForceReport  

SciTech Connect

In 2005 a global effort was initiated to conduct studies for a baseline recommendation for the various components of the International Linear Collider (ILC). Work for the damping rings was subdivided in a number of tasks. This Report contains the contribution to this effort by the Authors as Coordinators of the Task Force on space charge. (A slightly reduced version of this document can also be found as part of the ''Configuration Studies and Recommendations for the ILC Damping Rings'', Edts. A. Wolski, et al., LBNL-59449.) The studies documented in this Report were carried out for several of the reference lattices considered for the baseline recommendation. Space charge effects were found to be quite noticeable in the lattices with the longest circumference. Although it does not appear that they could prevent operation of any machine having such lattices they do favor a choice of a ring design with shorter ({approx}6km) circumference at 5 GeV.

Venturini, Marco; Oide, Katsunobu

2006-02-28

274

Folic Acid for the Prevention of Infant Neural Tube Defects: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation  

MedlinePLUS

Folic Acid for the Prevention of Infant Neural Tube Defects: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Summaries for Patients ... modern medicine. The full reports are titled “Folic Acid for the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects: U.S. ...

275

78 FR 23261 - Solicitation for Nominations for Members of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare...S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF...electronically to: Robert Cosby, ATTN: USPSTF...INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert Cosby at USPSTFmembernominations...the Public Health Service Act, AHRQ is...

2013-04-18

276

3 CFR 13632 - Executive Order 13632 of December 7, 2012. Establishing the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of effort, timeliness and flexibility, resilience and sustainability, and psychological and emotional recovery, the Task Force...future risks and vulnerabilities and promotes the long-term sustainability of communities and ecosystems; (d) coordinate...

2013-01-01

277

76 FR 63927 - Interagency Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance (ITFAR): An Update on A Public Health Action...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Resistance (ITFAR): An Update on A Public Health Action Plan to Combat Antimicrobial...accomplishing activities outlined in A Public Health Action Plan to Combat Antimicrobial...increasing importance of AR as a public health threat. The Task Force is...

2011-10-14

278

Race and Ethnicity Task Force Updates Please rate the extent to which you think the university has made progress on the recommendations of  

E-print Network

Race and Ethnicity Task Force Updates Please rate the extent to which you think the university has made progress on the recommendations of the Race and Ethnicity Task Force (check the appropriate cell strategies should be implemented. Race and Ethnicity Problems Noted by the Task Force Solution Proposed

Saldin, Dilano

279

Defining optimal cutoff scores for cognitive impairment using MDS Task Force PD-MCI criteria  

PubMed Central

Background The recently proposed Movement Disorder Society (MDS) Task Force diagnostic criteria for mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease (PD-MCI) represent a first step towards a uniform definition of PD-MCI across multiple clinical and research settings. Several questions regarding specific criteria, however, remain unanswered including optimal cutoff scores by which to define impairment on neuropsychological tests. Methods Seventy-six non-demented PD patients underwent comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and were classified as PD-MCI or PD with normal cognition (PD-NC). Concordance of PD-MCI diagnosis by MDS Task Force Level II criteria (comprehensive assessment), using a range of standard deviation (SD) cutoff scores, was compared to our consensus diagnosis of PD-MCI or PD-NC. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were examined for each cutoff score. PD-MCI subtype classification and distribution of cognitive domains impaired were evaluated. Results Concordance for PD-MCI diagnosis was greatest for defining impairment on neuropsychological tests using a 2 SD cutoff score below appropriate norms. This cutoff also provided the best discriminatory properties for separating PD-MCI from PD-NC, compared to other cutoff scores. With the MDS PD-MCI criteria, multiple domain impairment was more frequent than single domain impairment, with predominant executive function, memory, and visuospatial function deficits. Conclusions Application of the MDS Task Force PD-MCI Level II diagnostic criteria demonstrates good sensitivity and specificity at a 2 SD cutoff score. The predominance of multiple domain impairment in PD-MCI with the Level II criteria suggests not only influences of testing abnormality requirements, but also the widespread nature of cognitive deficits within PD-MCI. PMID:24123267

Goldman, Jennifer G.; Holden, Samantha; Bernard, Bryan; Ouyang, Bichun; Goetz, Christopher G.; Stebbins, Glenn T.

2014-01-01

280

Nonparametric Relationships between Single-Interval and Two-Interval Forced-Choice Tasks in the Theory of Signal Detectability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Green's relationship, ASI=P(C)2I, which equates the area, ASI, under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve in the single-interval forced-choice (SIFC) task with the proportion correct, P(C)2I, in the two-interval forced-choice (2IFC) task, is rederived using the cross-correlation functions of the SIFC evidence distributions. The relationship is generalized to include discrete random variables, unidimensional decision axes that do not need to

Judi A. Lapsley Miller; Brian K. Scurfield; Vit Drga; Susan J. Galvin; John Whitmore

2002-01-01

281

EMMI rapid reaction task force meeting on quark matter in compact stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent measurement of two solar mass pulsars has initiated an intense discussion on its impact on our understanding of the high-density matter in the cores of neutron stars. A task force meeting was held from 7–10 October 2013 at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies to address the presence of quark matter in these massive stars. During this meeting, the recent observational astrophysical data and heavy-ion data was reviewed. The possibility of pure quark stars, hybrid stars and the nature of the QCD phase transition were discussed and their observational signals delineated.

Buballa, Michael; Dexheimer, Veronica; Drago, Alessandro; Fraga, Eduardo; Haensel, Pawel; Mishustin, Igor; Pagliara, Giuseppe; Schaffner-Bielich, Jürgen; Schramm, Stefan; Sedrakian, Armen; Weber, Fridolin

2014-12-01

282

Markle Foundation: The Task Force on National Security in the Information Age  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The main feature of this Web site is the report titled "Protecting America's Freedom in the Information Age," released in October 2002. It examines how to effectively use information technology to collect and analyze information pertinent to national security. The report states that current government practices are insufficient in this area, and it is laden with recommendations for improving the situation. The task force's final findings and views are expressed in the first part of the report, some analyses of various working groups are given in the second part, and the final part is a collection of background research articles. Other sections of the site mainly constitute supporting documents for the report.

283

Stereo advantage for a peg-in-hole task using a force-feedback manipulator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An improved assessment methodology has been implemented at NOSC and tested using an instrumented peg-in-hole (PiH) taskboard. Several aspects of the methodology are discussed in light of their implications for future studies of manipulator performance. Using a simple (but highfidelity) force-feedback manipulator, a group of 9 trained operators showed a consistent advantage for stereoscopic TV viewing over monoscopic TV viewing when performing the PiH task. To introduce a controlled element of spatial uncertainty into the testing procedure, taskboard orientation relative to the manipulator and remote video camera head was changed in a randomized order on a trial-by-trial basis. The stereoscopic advantage demonstrated by this study can reasonably be expected to be even more pronounced as the quality of the stereo TV interface is improved and force-feedback provided through the manipulator system is diminished and/or distorted.

Spain, Edward H.

1990-09-01

284

Stereo advantage for a peg-in-hole task using a force-feedback manipulator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An improved assessment methodology has been implemented at NOSC and tested using an instrumented peg-in-hole (PiH) taskboard. Several aspects of the methodology are discussed in light of their implications for future studies of manipulator performance. Using a simple (but high-fidelity) force-feedback manipulator, a group of 9 trained operators showed a consistent advantage for stereoscopic TV viewing over monoscopic TV viewing when performing the PiH task. To introduce a controlled element of spatial uncertainty into the testing procedure, taskboard orientation relative to the manipulator and remote video camera head was changed in a randomized order on a trial-by-trial basis. The stereoscopic advantage demonstrated by this study can reasonably be expected to be even more pronounced as the quality of the stereo TV interface is improved and force-feedback provided through the manipulator system is diminished and/or distorted.

Spain, Edward H.

1990-01-01

285

Interfering effects of the task demands of grip force and mental processing on isometric shoulder strength and muscle activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the interfering effects of physical and mental tasks on shoulder isometric strength in different postures. Fifteen volunteers (seven women, eight men) performed a series of isometric shoulder exertions at 30°, 60° and 90° of both shoulder flexion and abduction alone and with the addition of a 30% grip force, a mental task

Christopher W. MacDonell; Peter J. Keir

2005-01-01

286

Application of Task Inventories for Vocational Curricula Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken to identify common skill and knowledge competencies in various occupational areas in order to provide vocational instructors and administrators with an up-to-date skill analysis for use in curriculum development. To compile this data base, researchers developed task surveys to determine the minimum competencies needed by…

Conter, Robert V.; Nash, Peg

287

Subject-Specific Tendon-Aponeurosis Definition in Hill-Type Model Predicts Higher Muscle Forces in Dynamic Tasks  

PubMed Central

Neuromusculoskeletal models are a common method to estimate muscle forces. Developing accurate neuromusculoskeletal models is a challenging task due to the complexity of the system and large inter-subject variability. The estimation of muscles force is based on the mechanical properties of tendon-aponeurosis complex. Most neuromusculoskeletal models use a generic definition of the tendon-aponeurosis complex based on in vitro test, perhaps limiting their validity. Ultrasonography allows subject-specific estimates of the tendon-aponeurosis complex’s mechanical properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of subject-specific mechanical properties of the tendon-aponeurosis complex on a neuromusculoskeletal model of the ankle joint. Seven subjects performed isometric contractions from which the tendon-aponeurosis force-strain relationship was estimated. Hopping and running tasks were performed and muscle forces were estimated using subject-specific tendon-aponeurosis and generic tendon properties. Two ultrasound probes positioned over the muscle-tendon junction and the mid-belly were combined with motion capture to estimate the in vivo tendon and aponeurosis strain of the medial head of gastrocnemius muscle. The tendon-aponeurosis force-strain relationship was scaled for the other ankle muscles based on tendon and aponeurosis length of each muscle measured by ultrasonography. The EMG-driven model was calibrated twice - using the generic tendon definition and a subject-specific tendon-aponeurosis force-strain definition. The use of subject-specific tendon-aponeurosis definition leads to a higher muscle force estimate for the soleus muscle and the plantar-flexor group, and to a better model prediction of the ankle joint moment compared to the model estimate which used a generic definition. Furthermore, the subject-specific tendon-aponeurosis definition leads to a decoupling behaviour between the muscle fibre and muscle-tendon unit in agreement with previous experiments using ultrasonography. These results indicate the use of subject-specific tendon-aponeurosis definitions in a neuromusculoskeletal model produce better agreement with measured external loads and more physiological model behaviour. PMID:22952973

Gerus, Pauline; Rao, Guillaume; Berton, Eric

2012-01-01

288

Dofasco`s No. 6 coke battery door emissions -- Task Force  

SciTech Connect

The Cokemaking Business Unit of Dofasco Inc. is comprised of Six Batteries. The No. 6 Didier Battery is the newest and was commissioned in August of 1978. The Ovens are sealed with a Rigid Fabricated Koppers Door complete with a spring loaded Knife Edge. The Knife Edge seats against a Jamb which is fastened to the Face Plate by means of J Bolt Fasteners. The Faceplates are retained in place by Buckstays. The Door Plugs, Knife Edges and Jambs are mechanically cleaned with Hartung, Kuhn and Co. Oven Machinery on both sides of the Battery. It was recognized in 1992 that Door Emissions from the Battery were far from acceptable, in excess of 25%. The problem was that the interface between the Knife Edge and the Jamb Face had not proven to provide a gas tight seal. There were a number of contributing factors which will be dealt with in the course of this paper. In July of 1992 a Task Force was organized with a Mandate of ``Reduce Door Emissions to 0% Leakage and Improving Door/Jamb Maintenance.`` The main focus of the task force is cross trade communications and problem solving. The importance of this approach is in the decision making process which was now being transferred from the Supervisor level to the Floor level.

Hutchison, W.; Rhamey, R. [Dofasco Inc., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)

1996-12-31

289

Fourth Report of the Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir Rendezvous and Docking Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On December 6, 1994, the NASA Administrator, Mr. Daniel Goldin, requested that Lt. Gen. Thomas P. Stafford, in his role as the Chairman of the NASA Advisory Council Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir Rendezvous and Docking Missions, lead a team composed of several Task Force members and technical advisors' to Russia with the goal of reviewing preparations and readiness for the upcoming international Space Station Phase 1 missions. In his directions to Gen. Stafford, Mr. Goldin requested that the review team focus its initial efforts on safety of flight issues for the following Phase 1A missions: the Soyuz TM-21 mission which will carry U.S. astronaut Dr. Norman Thagard and cosmonauts Lt. Col. Vladimir Dezhurov and Mr. Gennady Strekalov aboard a Soyuz spacecraft to the Mir Station; the Mir 18 Main Expedition during which Thagard and his fellow cosmonauts, Dezhurov and Strokalov, will spend approximately three months aboard the Mir Station; the STS-71 Space Shuttle mission which will perform the first Shuttle-Mir docking, carry cosmonauts Col. Anatoly SoloViev and Mr. Nikolai Budarin to the Mir Station, and return Thagard, Dezhurov, and Strekalov to Earth.

1995-01-01

290

Task-Oriented Analysis and Design Method for Developing PLC Programs for Mechanical System Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

To reduce the difficulties in developing PLC based control software for mechanical system, an approach named task-oriented analysis and design (TOAD) is proposed. TOAD emphasizes task centric and model centric developing process. By their property, control tasks are classified as private-sequential task, global-real-time task and asynchronous-concurrent task. The classification prompts developers to find tasks and to analyze a system. Hierarchical

Ma Yinyuan; Jiang Zhaoyuan

2010-01-01

291

77 FR 31337 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended...Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and...Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200 Stovall St...Force will review next year's recommended installation...

2012-05-25

292

Automation in cytology: a survey conducted by the New Technology Task Force, Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology.  

PubMed

Despite the overwhelming interest in the development of several computer based technologies in the last several years, the role of automation in cytology has remained controversial. The potential of these technologies in the reduction of false negative results in pap smears is well recognized. However, there is still remarkable confusion as how to incorporate automation in the routine practice of cytology. This prompted the New Technology Task Force of the George Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology to design a survey to seek the opinion of those engaged in cervicovaginal cytology screening regarding the value of automation in cytology. In 1996, a ten question survey was sent to 1800 cytopathology laboratories throughout the nation. The response rate was 23% (416/1800). The responders represented laboratories varying from those with less than 5,000 pap smears to those with over 100,000 cases per year. The majority of the responders did not believe that automation is essential for cervicovaginal cytology. This was evidenced by the fact that only 12% of the laboratories were engaged in automated cytology and predominantly used it for quality control measures. The inability of small laboratories to absorb the extra expense involved in the integration of automated cytology in their practice, particularly in the current era of managed care was a major concern. There was also concern about the potential for compromise of patient care by the drive for corporate profits and the dissemination of wrong information to the public and physicians. Suggestions most frequently proposed included appropriate patient and physician education about the merits and pitfalls of the pap smear, and also endorsing an affordable universal fee for pap smears. Rescreening for all pap smears, reassessing the benefits of automation in cytology and development of the standards were other proposals. Partnership with larger cytology laboratories, creation of "cytology consortiums" with shared resources to provide regionalized automated rescreening services were also strongly suggested. This survey clearly indicates the need for further evaluation of automation in cytopathology and a focused attention to various issues surrounding cervicovaginal cytology screening. PMID:9451558

Masood, S; Cajulis, R S; Cibas, E S; Wilbur, D C; Bedrossian, C W

1998-01-01

293

U.S. Transport Task Force Meeting - April 2014 Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The ultimate goal of the U.S. Transport Task Force is to develop a physics-based understanding of confinement and particle, momentum and heat transport in magnetic fusion devices. This understanding should be of sufficient depth that it allows the development of predictive models of plasma transport that can be validated against experiment, and then used to anticipate the future performance of burning plasmas in ITER, as well as to provide guidance to the design of next-step fusion nuclear science facilities. To achieve success in transport science, it is essential to characterize local fluctuations and transport in toroidal plasmas, to understand the basic mechanisms responsible for transport, and ultimately to control these transport processes. These goals must be pursued in multiple areas, including ion and electron thermal transport, particle and momentum transport, the physics of H-modes and the edge pedestal, Internal Transport Barriers, energetic particle transport and 3D effects on all the underlying transport processes. Demonstrating our understanding requires multiple, successful, quantitative tests of theory, simulation and modeling using experimental results in fusion-relevant and basic plasmas (i.e., verification and validation). The 2014 U.S. TTF meeting was held in April 2014 in San Antonio TX to provide a forum for leading scientists focused on the study of transport of particles, momentum and heat in fusion plasmas. Approximately 110 scientists from the US and several from the EU and from China attended and heard oral talks on recent transport results. Several poster sessions were also held. One day of plenary talks were followed by Breakout sessions and poster sessions that were held on focused topics, including L-H transition physics, energetic particles, transport in high performance plasmas, divertor particle and heat flux management and innovative divertor designs, fundamental turbulence studies, end edge transport shortfall. Most of the invited oral talks are archived at the meeting website, see http://ttf2014.ucsd.edu/TTF_2014/Presentations.html A book of abtracts for all presentations and posters at the meeting is also available, see http://ttf2014.ucsd.edu/TTF_2014/Home_files/TTF%202014%20Abstract%20Book%20Final.pdf Finally the program for the meeting is also available, see http://ttf2014.ucsd.edu/TTF_2014/Home_files/TTF%202014%20Meeting%20Schedule.pdf

Tynan, George R. [UC San Diego

2014-09-19

294

Development of additional tasks for the executive function performance test.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. The Executive Function Performance Test (EFPT) is a reliable and valid performance-based assessment of executive function for people with stroke. The objective of this study was to enhance the clinical utility of the EFPT by developing and testing additional tasks for the EFPT in the Alternate EFPT (aEFPT). METHOD. We performed a cross-sectional study with poststroke participants (n = 25) and healthy control participants (n = 25). All participants completed a neuropsychological assessment battery and both the EFPT and the aEFPT. RESULTS. No statistically significant differences were found between the EFPT and the aEFPT when examining total scores, construct scores, and two overall task scores. Correlations between the aEFPT and the neuropsychological measures were adequate to strong (r2s = .59-.83). CONCLUSION. The aEFPT tasks are comparable to the original EFPT tasks, providing occupational therapy practitioners with additional tasks that can be used clinically to identify performance-based executive function deficits in people with stroke. PMID:25397771

Hahn, Bridget; Baum, Carolyn; Moore, Jennifer; Ehrlich-Jones, Linda; Spoeri, Susan; Doherty, Meghan; Wolf, Timothy J

2014-01-01

295

Motor cortex neural correlates of output kinematics and kinetics during isometric-force and arm-reaching tasks.  

PubMed

We recorded the activity of 132 proximal-arm-related neurons in caudal primary motor cortex (M1) of two monkeys while they generated either isometric forces against a rigid handle or arm movements with a heavy movable handle, in the same eight directions in a horizontal plane. The isometric forces increased in monotonic fashion in the direction of the force target. The forces exerted against the handle in the movement task were more complex, including an initial accelerating force in the direction of movement followed by a transient decelerating force opposite to the direction of movement as the hand approached the target. EMG activity of proximal-arm muscles reflected the difference in task dynamics, showing directional ramplike activity changes in the isometric task and reciprocally tuned "triphasic" patterns in the movement task. The apparent instantaneous directionality of muscle activity, when expressed in hand-centered spatial coordinates, remained relatively stable during the isometric ramps but often showed a large transient shift during deceleration of the arm movements. Single-neuron and population-level activity in M1 showed similar task-dependent changes in temporal pattern and instantaneous directionality. The momentary dissociation of the directionality of neuronal discharge and movement kinematics during deceleration indicated that the activity of many arm-related M1 neurons is not coupled only to the direction and speed of hand motion. These results also demonstrate that population-level signals reflecting the dynamics of motor tasks and of interactions with objects in the environment are available in caudal M1. This task-dynamics signal could greatly enhance the performance capabilities of neuroprosthetic controllers. PMID:15888522

Sergio, Lauren E; Hamel-Pâquet, Catherine; Kalaska, John F

2005-10-01

296

Changes in the temporal pattern of primary motor cortex activity in a directional isometric force versus limb movement task.  

PubMed

We recorded the activity of 75 proximal-arm-related cells in caudal primary motor cortex (MI) while a monkey generated either isometric forces or limb movements against an inertial load. The forces and movements were in eight directions in a horizontal plane. The isometric force generated at the hand increased monotonically in the direction of the target force level. The force exerted against the load in the movement task was more complex, including a transient decelerative phase during the movement as the hand approached the target. Electromyographic (EMG) activity of proximal-arm muscles reflected the task-dependent changes in dynamics, showing a ramp increase in activity during the isometric task and a reciprocal triphasic burst pattern in the movement task. A sliding 50-ms window analysis showed that the directionality of the EMG, when expressed in hand-centered spatial coordinates, remained stable throughout the isometric ramp but often showed a significant transient shift during the limb movements. Many cells in M1 showed corresponding significant changes in activity pattern and instantaneous directionality between the two tasks. This momentary dissociation of discharge from the directional kinematics of hand displacement is evidence that the activity of many single proximal-arm related M1 cells is not coupled only to the direction and velocity of hand motion. PMID:9744964

Sergio, L E; Kalaska, J F

1998-09-01

297

Report of the Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir Rendezvous and Docking Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In October 1992, Russia and the U.S. agreed to conduct a fundamentally new program of human cooperation in space. This original 'Shuttle-Mir' project encompassed combined astronaut-cosmonaut activities on the Shuttle, Soyuz, and Mir spacecraft. At that time, the project was limited to: the STS-60 Shuttle mission, which was completed in February 1994 and carried the first Russian cosmonaut; the planned March 1995 Soyuz 18 launch which will carry a U.S. astronaut to the Mir space station for a three month mission; and the STS-71 Shuttle mission which is scheduled to rendezvous and dock with the Mir space station in June 1995. The Task Force's specific recommendations are given.

1994-01-01

298

Report of the Census Task Force on beamline control system requirements  

SciTech Connect

A special task force was appointed to study the experience with the present beamline control system at Fermilab and to make recommendations in this area. The charge of the committee and the list of its members are appended. In order to carry out its assignment, the committee conducted a series of meetings in which it discussed the controls situation in general and the best way to approach the user community. The various groups of users were identified, and a letter was written to representatives of these groups asking questions concerning the present system and future needs. The committee met with each group to discuss the response to these questions. Written summaries of the discussions are appended. Conclusions are drawn regarding current problems, systematic upgrades and specific recommendations. (LEW)

Barsotti, E.J.; Bartlett, J.F.; Bogert, V.D.; Borcherding, F.O.; Butler, J.; Czarapata, P.C.; Spalding, W.J.; Thomas, A.D.

1986-10-02

299

Development of a high force thermal latch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the preliminary development of a high force thermal latch (HFTL). The HFTL has one moving part which is restrained in the latched position by a low melting temperature or fusible metal alloy. When heated the fusible alloy flows to a receiving chamber and in so doing at first releases the tension load in the latch bolt and later releases the bolt itself. The HFTL can be used in place of pyrotechnically activated spacecraft release devices in those instances where the elimination of both pyrotechnic shock-loading and rapid strain-energy release take precedence over the near instantaneous release offered by ordnance initiated devices.

Nygren, William D.

1995-01-01

300

Engineering development of selective agglomeration: Task 6, Operation of the Component Development Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to summarize the component development and laboratory binder test work at Wilsonville during Task 6. This Task included the construction and startup of the Component Development Test Facility (CDTF), coal procurement, evaluation of unit operation and dewatering performance, laboratory binder tests for diesel and heptane, production characterization, and vendor tests. Data evaluation, interpretation, and analysis are not included in this report, but will be discussed in the Task 7 report.

Not Available

1991-09-01

301

Model transparency and validation: a report of the ISPOR-SMDM Modeling Good Research Practices Task Force-7.  

PubMed

Trust and confidence are critical to the success of health care models. There are two main methods for achieving this: transparency (people can see how the model is built) and validation (how well it reproduces reality). This report describes recommendations for achieving transparency and validation, developed by a task force appointed by the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) and the Society for Medical Decision Making (SMDM). Recommendations were developed iteratively by the authors. A nontechnical description should be made available to anyone-including model type and intended applications; funding sources; structure; inputs, outputs, other components that determine function, and their relationships; data sources; validation methods and results; and limitations. Technical documentation, written in sufficient detail to enable a reader with necessary expertise to evaluate the model and potentially reproduce it, should be made available openly or under agreements that protect intellectual property, at the discretion of the modelers. Validation involves face validity (wherein experts evaluate model structure, data sources, assumptions, and results), verification or internal validity (check accuracy of coding), cross validity (comparison of results with other models analyzing same problem), external validity (comparing model results to real-world results), and predictive validity (comparing model results with prospectively observed events). The last two are the strongest form of validation. Each section of this paper contains a number of recommendations that were iterated among the authors, as well as the wider modeling task force jointly set up by the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research and the Society for Medical Decision Making. PMID:22990088

Eddy, David M; Hollingworth, William; Caro, J Jaime; Tsevat, Joel; McDonald, Kathryn M; Wong, John B

2012-01-01

302

Definition of Forces on Turbomachinery Rotors. Task B Report: Dynamic Analysis of Rotors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rotordynamic characteristics of turbomachinery are known to depend on the forces developed due to relative motion between the rotor and the housing. For example, the critical speed locations generally depend on the bearing stiffnesses, seal dampling influences rotor stability and bearing reaction amplitudes near critical speeds, etc. A systematic examination of the influence of changes in the forces acting on rotors is studied. More specifically, the sensitivity of the rotordynamic characteristics to changes in rotor forces is analyzed. Rotordynamic characteristics of the HPOTP (High Pressure Oxygen Turbopump) and HPFTP (High Pressure Fuel Turbopump) of the SSME (Space Shuttle Main Engine) are investigated. Because of their markedly different rotordynamic characteristics, these units are considered to be representative of a range of possible future liquid rocket engine turbomachinery.

Childs, D. W.

1983-01-01

303

Pharmacy Faculty Workplace Issues: Findings From the 2009-2010 COD-COF Joint Task Force on Faculty Workforce  

PubMed Central

Many factors contribute to the vitality of an individual faculty member, a department, and an entire academic organization. Some of the relationships among these factors are well understood, but many questions remain unanswered. The Joint Task Force on Faculty Workforce examined the literature on faculty workforce issues, including the work of previous task forces charged by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP). We identified and focused on 4 unique but interrelated concepts: organizational culture/climate, role of the department chair, faculty recruitment and retention, and mentoring. Among all 4 resides the need to consider issues of intergenerational, intercultural, and gender dynamics. This paper reports the findings of the task force and proffers specific recommendations to AACP and to colleges and schools of pharmacy. PMID:21769139

Peirce, Gretchen L.; Crabtree, Brian L.; Acosta, Daniel; Early, Johnnie L.; Kishi, Donald T.; Nobles-Knight, Dolores; Webster, Andrew A.

2011-01-01

304

Preventive medicine in Task Force 1st Armored Division during Operation Iraqi Freedom.  

PubMed

Task Force 1st Armored Division (TF1AD) deployed to Baghdad and South Central Iraq from April 2003 through July 2004. TF1AD preventive medicine had responsibility for ensuring divisional force health protection, including soldier health, disease and nonbattle injury mitigation, health promotion, and civil affairs operations. Heat injury, diarrheal disease, skin and respiratory disease, and eye and musculoskeletal injury rates were high. Command emphasis and preventive medicine action resulted in better living conditions and personal sanitation. To counter the threat, the TF1AD preventive medicine/ division surgeon team used a "spiraling out" approach that focused attention first on hand-washing, potable water, vector control, waste disposal, and food sanitation and later on noise, asbestos, environmental contamination, and radiation. In April 2004, TF1AD shifted focus to the Multinational Division Central-South region of Iraq and many similar problems occurred as in May 2003, although they were less severe, in part because of the lessons learned in Baghdad. PMID:17036596

Harris, Mark D; Johnson, Christopher R

2006-09-01

305

Slowing of dexterous manipulation in old age: force and kinematic findings from the ‘nut-and-rod’ task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The task of sliding a nut from a rod has been used to study manual slowing in old age (Smith et al. in Neurology 53:1458–1461,\\u000a 1999; Neurobiol Aging 26:883–890, 2005). In this experiment, we sought to determine if the age-related slowing in this task occurs with losses of motor precision,\\u000a as indicated by the forces exerted on the rod. The

Kelly J. Cole; Kelly M. Cook; Stephanie M. Hynes; Warren G. Darling

2010-01-01

306

Comparisons of an Open-Ended vs. Forced-Choice ‘Mind Reading’ Task: Implications for Measuring Perspective-Taking and Emotion Recognition  

PubMed Central

Perspective-taking and emotion recognition are essential for successful social development and have been the focus of developmental research for many years. Although the two abilities often overlap, they are distinct and our understanding of these abilities critically rests upon the efficacy of existing measures. Lessons from the literature differentiating recall versus recognition memory tasks led us to hypothesize that an open-ended emotion recognition measure would be less reliant on compensatory strategies and hence a more specific measure of emotion recognition abilities than a forced-choice task. To this end, we compared an open-ended version of the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task with the original forced-choice version in two studies: 118 typically-developing 4- to 8-year-olds (Study 1) and 139 5- to 12-year-olds; 85 typically-developing and 54 with learning disorders (Study 2). We found that the open-ended version of the task was a better predictor of empathy and more reliably discriminated typically-developing children from those with learning disorders. As a whole, the results suggest that the open-ended version is a more sensitive measure of emotion recognition specifically. PMID:25474645

Cassels, Tracy G.; Birch, Susan A. J.

2014-01-01

307

Development and experimentation of an eye/brain/task testbed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The principal objective is to develop a laboratory testbed that will provide a unique capability to elicit, control, record, and analyze the relationship of operator task loading, operator eye movement, and operator brain wave data in a computer system environment. The ramifications of an integrated eye/brain monitor to the man machine interface are staggering. The success of such a system would benefit users of space and defense, paraplegics, and the monitoring of boring screens (nuclear power plants, air defense, etc.)

Harrington, Nora; Villarreal, James

1987-01-01

308

Guidelines for cognitive behavioral training within doctoral psychology programs in the United States: report of the Inter-organizational Task Force on Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology Doctoral Education.  

PubMed

The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies initiated an interorganizational task force to develop guidelines for integrated education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology at the doctoral level in the United States. Fifteen task force members representing 16 professional associations participated in a year-long series of conferences, and developed a consensus on optimal doctoral education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology. The recommendations assume solid foundational training that is typical within applied psychology areas such as clinical and counseling psychology programs located in the United States. This article details the background, assumptions, and resulting recommendations specific to doctoral education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology, including competencies expected in the areas of ethics, research, and practice. PMID:23046769

Klepac, Robert K; Ronan, George F; Andrasik, Frank; Arnold, Kevin D; Belar, Cynthia D; Berry, Sharon L; Christofff, Karen A; Craighead, Linda W; Dougher, Michael J; Dowd, E Thomas; Herbert, James D; McFarr, Lynn M; Rizvi, Shireen L; Sauer, Eric M; Strauman, Timothy J

2012-12-01

309

Optimization of Muscle Activity for Task-Level Goals Predicts Complex Changes in Limb Forces across Biomechanical Contexts  

PubMed Central

Optimality principles have been proposed as a general framework for understanding motor control in animals and humans largely based on their ability to predict general features movement in idealized motor tasks. However, generalizing these concepts past proof-of-principle to understand the neuromechanical transformation from task-level control to detailed execution-level muscle activity and forces during behaviorally-relevant motor tasks has proved difficult. In an unrestrained balance task in cats, we demonstrate that achieving task-level constraints center of mass forces and moments while minimizing control effort predicts detailed patterns of muscle activity and ground reaction forces in an anatomically-realistic musculoskeletal model. Whereas optimization is typically used to resolve redundancy at a single level of the motor hierarchy, we simultaneously resolved redundancy across both muscles and limbs and directly compared predictions to experimental measures across multiple perturbation directions that elicit different intra- and interlimb coordination patterns. Further, although some candidate task-level variables and cost functions generated indistinguishable predictions in a single biomechanical context, we identified a common optimization framework that could predict up to 48 experimental conditions per animal (n?=?3) across both perturbation directions and different biomechanical contexts created by altering animals' postural configuration. Predictions were further improved by imposing experimentally-derived muscle synergy constraints, suggesting additional task variables or costs that may be relevant to the neural control of balance. These results suggested that reduced-dimension neural control mechanisms such as muscle synergies can achieve similar kinetics to the optimal solution, but with increased control effort (?2×) compared to individual muscle control. Our results are consistent with the idea that hierarchical, task-level neural control mechanisms previously associated with voluntary tasks may also be used in automatic brainstem-mediated pathways for balance. PMID:22511857

McKay, J. Lucas; Ting, Lena H.

2012-01-01

310

Current Status and Tasks in Development of Cable Recycling Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper shows current status and tasks in development of cable recycling technology and it’s items to be solved. Electric cable recycle system has been activated especially for copper conductor recycle in Japan. Previously removed cable coverings materials were mainly land filled. But landfill capacity is decreased and limited in recent years, at the same time, recycle technology was highly developed. A cable recycle technology has 4 tasks. (1) Applying new high efficiency separation system instead of electrostatic and gravity methods to classify mixed various kind of plastics materials including recently developed ecological material (ex PE, PVC, Rubber), (2) Removing heavy metal, especially lead from PVC material, (3) Treatment of optical glass fiber core, which has possibility going to be harmful micro particles, and (4) Establishment of social recycle system for electric wire and cable. Taking action for these tasks shall be proceeded under environmentally sensitive technology together with local government, user, manufacturer, and waste-disposal company on cost performance basis.

Ezure, Takashi; Goto, Kazuhiko

311

Description and Results of the Air Force Research and Development Program for the Improvement of Maintenance Efficiency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of the Air Force's Research and Development Program for the Improvement of Maintenance Efficiency is provided. First described are the steps found in any detailed task analysis, a process which results in the complete specification of each task involved in an overall maintenance effort. The factors influencing maintenance effectiveness…

Foley, John P., Jr.

312

Cost Analysis of Air Force On-the-Job Training: Development and Demonstration of a Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research project was developed to construct and demonstrate a methodology for estimating the costs of conducting on-the-job training (OJT) in the Air Force. The project focused on the formal upgrade training to the three, five, and seven skill levels. Project efforts involved five major tasks: literature review, cost factor identification, cost…

Eisele, Charles R.; And Others

313

Development of a light force accelerometer  

E-print Network

In this work, the feasibility of a light force accelerometer was experimentally demonstrated. The light force accelerometer is an optical inertial sensor which uses focused laser light to levitate and trap glass microspheres ...

Butts, David LaGrange

2008-01-01

314

Analysis of Operational Comfort in Manual Tasks Using Human Force Manipulability Measure.  

PubMed

This paper proposes a scheme for human force manipulability (HFM) based on the use of isometric joint torque properties to simulate the spatial characteristics of human operation forces at an end-point of a limb with feasible magnitudes for a specified limb posture. This is also applied to the evaluation/prediction of operational comfort (OC) when manually operating a human-machine interface. The effectiveness of HFM is investigated through two experiments and computer simulations of humans generating forces by using their upper extremities. Operation force generation with maximum isometric effort can be roughly estimated with an HFM measure computed from information on the arm posture during a maintained posture. The layout of a human-machine interface is then discussed based on the results of operational experiments using an electric gear-shifting system originally developed for robotic devices. The results indicate a strong relationship between the spatial characteristics of the HFM and OC levels when shifting, and the OC is predicted by using a multiple regression model with HFM measures. PMID:25415990

Tanaka, Yoshiyuki; Nishikawa, Kazuo; Yamada, Naoki; Tsuji, Toshio

2014-11-14

315

Tool Forces Developed During Friction Stir Welding  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will describe a technique for measuring the various forces and the torque that exist on the Friction Stir Welding pin tool. Results for various plunge depths, weld speeds, rotational speed, and tool configurations will be presented. Welds made on 6061 aluminum with typical welding conditions require a downward force of 2800 lbs. (12.5 kN) a longitudinal force in the direction of motion of 300 lbs (1.33 kN), a transverse force in the omega x v direction of 30 lbs (135 N). Aluminum 2195 under typical weld conditions requires a downward force of 3100 lbs. (1.38 kN), a longitudinal force of 920 lbs. (4.1 kN), and a transverse force of 45 lbs. (200 N) in the omega x v direction.

Melendez, M.; Tang, W.; Schmidt, C.; McClure, J. C.; Nunes, A. C.; Murr, L. E.

2003-01-01

316

Learning Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Government budget constraints had forced the Emergency Dispatch Center (EDC) at a military installation to work with less than the normal number of staff. A Program Proposal was developed previously that had determined that a learning gap existed in the researcher's work environment at a military installation. To counter this gap, Learning Tasks

Baskas, Richard S.

2012-01-01

317

Case series of pectoralis major muscle tears in joint special operations task force-Philippines soldiers diagnosed by bedside ultrasound.  

PubMed

Pectoralis major muscle tears are an uncommon injury although reported most prevalently among young male athletes (e.g. SOF personnel). We describe two cases occurring in Joint Special Operations Task Force-Philippines (JSOTF-P) Soldiers, review the physical examination and sonographic findings suggestive of a high-grade injury, and discuss treatment options. PMID:23536450

Ball, Vincent; Maskell, Kevin; Pink, James

2012-01-01

318

The Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and Competitiveness. Final Report and Working Papers. Volume One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume One of a report by the Arizona Board of Regents' independent citizen commission to examine the performance of the state's three public universities presents background material on the formation of the task force, a final report, and a summary of recommendations. It then presents 27 working papers in two sections. Section 1, Ethnic Minority…

Arizona Board of Regents, Phoenix.

319

Final Report of the National Black Health Providers Task Force on High Blood Pressure Education and Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the final report of National Black Health Providers Task Force (NBHPTF) on High Blood Pressure Education and Control. The first chapter of the report recounts the history of the NBHPTF and its objectives. In the second chapter epidemiological evidence is presented to demonstrate the need for a suggested 20 year plan aimed at controlling…

Public Health Service (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

320

Resource Sharing at the University Libraries, University of Colorado, Boulder. A Report of the Resource Sharing Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of five working groups established as part of a collection analysis project at the University of Colorado, Boulder (UCB), the Task Force on Resource Sharing was organized in order to determine the University Libraries' current purpose and practice in resource sharing and to recommend directions for the future. Their report is presented in…

Boucher, Virginia; And Others

321

Obligation for Reform. The Final Report of the Higher Education Task Force on Improvement and Reform in American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a report on the Higher Education Task Force on Improvement and Reform in American Education (HETFIRE). The convictions of HETFIRE, identified in the first chapter, include the beliefs that there must be significant change in the education system so that it becomes more responsive to the needs of individuals and that a critical…

Denemark, George W.; Yff, Joost

322

Interreliance: An Energy Awareness Project for the Community Colleges. A Report of the Task Force on Energy Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the activities and recommendations of the Chancellor's Energy Task Force, which was established to give emphasis and direction to systemwide energy education efforts within the Hawaii community colleges. Part I describes the activities of the Energy Conservation on Campus Committee, which resulted in campuswide plans to…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Office of the Chancellor for Community Colleges.

323

Research on Youth in an Age of Complexity: The Rockefeller Youth Task Force and Daniel Yankelovich, 1965-1975  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The period between 1965 and 1975 encompasses important events associated with the peak of the youth movement in the 1960s and its demise in the 1970s. The period was an "age of complexity" according to Daniel Yankelovich, a social scientist hired by John D. Rockefeller 3rd's Youth Task Force to study the wave of protests that Rockefeller felt…

Richardson, Theresa M.

2008-01-01

324

76 FR 56743 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended...Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and...Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200 Stovall St...Charter and to discuss the year's installation visits and...

2011-09-14

325

78 FR 38015 - Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of Recovering Wounded...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended...Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and...Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200 Stovall St...00 p.m. Wrap Up Public's Accessibility to the...

2013-06-25

326

76 FR 38118 - Meeting of the Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended...Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and...annual report. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b and 41 CFR 102-3...Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200 Stovall...

2011-06-29

327

A Survey of Telecommunications Technology. Part I. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper One, Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper submitted to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy surveys the range of present and future innovations in communications techniques, assesses their feasibility and costs, and projects the rate and manner in which they will be deployed in the future. In general, the many technological possibilities--including…

Rostow, Eugene V.

328

The Roles of the Federal Government in Telecommunications. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Eight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy reviews the role played by the Federal Government in regulating the telecommunications industries and recommends broader federal jurisdiction. The history of federal action in telecommunications has been one of ad hoc responses to discrete problems, leading to an inefficient,…

Rostow, Eugene V.

329

A Survey of Telecommunications Technology. Part II. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper One, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document contains the final four appendices to a staff paper submitted to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy. "The Digital Loop" describes changes in urban telecommunications which are predicted for 1970-80, considering three possible systems: paired wires with single analog signals (present telephones), coaxial cables with…

Rostow, Eugene V.

330

75 FR 76422 - Meeting of the Department of Defense Task Force on the Care, Management, and Transition of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2 p.m.-6 p.m., January 7, 2011 8:30 a.m-3 p.m. Location: JW Marriott Washington, DC, 1331 Pennsylvania Ave, NW., Washington, DC 20004. Contact Information: Mail Delivery service through Wounded Warrior Task Force, Hoffman...

2010-12-08

331

Standardized image interpretation and post processing in cardiovascular magnetic resonance: Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR) Board of Trustees Task Force on Standardized Post Processing  

PubMed Central

With mounting data on its accuracy and prognostic value, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is becoming an increasingly important diagnostic tool with growing utility in clinical routine. Given its versatility and wide range of quantitative parameters, however, agreement on specific standards for the interpretation and post-processing of CMR studies is required to ensure consistent quality and reproducibility of CMR reports. This document addresses this need by providing consensus recommendations developed by the Task Force for Post Processing of the Society for Cardiovascular MR (SCMR). The aim of the task force is to recommend requirements and standards for image interpretation and post processing enabling qualitative and quantitative evaluation of CMR images. Furthermore, pitfalls of CMR image analysis are discussed where appropriate. PMID:23634753

2013-01-01

332

Defense Waste Processing Facility: Report of task force on options to mitigate the effect of nitrite on DWPF operations. Savannah River Site 200-S Area  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of accumulating ammonium nitrate (an explosive) as well as organic compounds in the DWPF Chemical Processing Cell Vent System was recently discovered. A task force was therefore organized to examine ways to avoid this potential hazard. Of thirty-two processing/engineering options screened, the task force recommended five options, deemed to have the highest technical certainty, for detailed development and evaluation: Radiolysis of nitrite in the tetraphenylborate precipitate slurry feed in a new corrosion-resistant facility. Construction of a Late Washing Facility for precipitate washing before transfer to the DWPF; ``Just-in-Time`` precipitation; Startup Workaround by radiolysis of nitrite in the existing corrosion-resistant Pump Pit tanks; Ammonia venting and organics separation in the DWPF; and, Estimated costs and schedules are included in this report.

Randall, D. [ed.; Marek, J.C.

1992-03-01

333

Report of the APSAC Task Force on Evidence-Based Service Planning Guidelines for Child Welfare.  

PubMed

This article presents the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (APSAC) Task Force report on the evidence-based service planning (EBSP) approach to child welfare services (CWS) plans and recommendations for practice. The focus of the policy report is on formal psychosocial services. CWS plans prescribe services to promote core child welfare objectives and to benefit children and families. The goal of EBSP is to construct service plans based on the general principles of evidence-based practice and prefer services with empirical support for clinical problems or needs associated with the causes or consequences of child abuse and neglect (CAN). EBSP aims to facilitate an overarching service approach that is collaborative, respectful, and includes services that are most likely to lead to outcomes on both family identified and child welfare mission goals. EBSP emphasizes a focused, assessment-driven, and science-informed approach that both favors plans that are sufficient and avoids overburdening families with compulsory services that address problems which are not directly related to the child welfare CAN referral. PMID:25505157

Berliner, Lucy; Fitzgerald, Monica M; Dorsey, Shannon; Chaffin, Mark; Ondersma, Steven J; Wilson, Charles

2015-02-01

334

Beryllium Health and Safety Committee Data Reporting Task Force White Paper #2 -- Uses of Uncensored Data  

SciTech Connect

On December 8, 1999, the Department of Energy (DOE) published Title 10 CFR 850 (hereafter referred to as the Rule) to establish a chronic beryllium disease prevention program (CBDPP) to: (1) reduce the number of workers currently exposed to beryllium in the course of their work at DOE facilities managed by DOE or its contractors; (2) minimize the levels of, and potential for, exposure to beryllium; and (3) establish medical surveillance requirements to ensure early detection of the disease. On January 4, 2001, DOE issued DOE G 440.1-7A, Implementation Guide for use with 10 CFR 850, Chronic Beryllium Disease Prevention Program, to assist line managers in meeting their responsibilities for implementing the CBDPP. That guide describes methods and techniques that DOE considers acceptable in complying with the Rule. In 2005 a draft DOE Technical Standard ''Management of Items and Areas Containing Low Levels of Beryllium'' (SAFT 0103; hereafter referred to as the ''TS'') was circulated for comment (http://www.hss.energy.gov/NuclearSafety/techstds/tsdrafts/saft-0103.pdf). DOE technical standards are voluntary consensus standards developed when industry standards do not exist (see http://www.hss.energy.gov/NuclearSafety/techstds/index.html for more information). DOE does not require its field elements to implement DOE technical standards, but field elements may choose to adopt these standards to meet specific needs. This beryllium TS is intended to provide best practices and lessons learned for manageing items and areas that contain low levels of beryllium, which has been a costly and technically challenging component of CBDPPs. The TS is also intended to provide guidance for determining if the Rule's housekeeping and release criteria are met. On challenge the TS addressed was the statistical interpretation of data sets with non-detected results, a topic for which no strong consensus exists. Among the many comments on the draft TS was a suggestion that certain of the statistical comparisons described in the TS could be better implemented if analytical results, even when below a reporting limit, were to be reported by analytical laboratories. See Appendix 1 for a review of terminology related to reporting limits. The Beryllium Health and Safety Committee (BHSC) formed a Sampling and Analysis Subcommittee (SAS) in 2003. The SAS established a working group on accreditation and reporting limits. By 2006 it had become evident that the issues extended to data reporting as a whole. The SAS proposed to the BHSC the formation of a Data Reporting Task Force (DRTF) to consider issues related to data reporting. The BHSC Board agreed, and requested that the DRTF generate a white paper, to be offered by the BHSC to potential interested parties such as the DOE policy office that is responsible for beryllium health and safety policy. It was noted that additional products could include detailed guidance and potentially a journal article in the future. The SAS proposed that DRTF membership represent the affected disciplines (chemists, industrial hygiene professionals and statisticians, and the DOE office that is responsible for beryllium health and safety policy). The BHSC Board decided that DRTF membership should come from DOE sites, since the focus would be on reporting in the context of the TS and the Rule. The DRTF came into existence in late 2006. The DRTF membership includes industrial hygienists, analytical chemists and laboratory managers, members of the regulatory and oversight community, and environmental statisticians. A first White Paper, ''Summary of Issues and Path Forward'', was reviewed by the BHSC in March 2007 and issued by the DRTF in June 2007. It describes the charter of the DRTF, introduces some basic terminology (reproduced here in Appendix 1), lays out the issues the DRTF is expected to address, and describes a path forward for the DRTF's work. This first White Paper is available through the BHSC web site. This White Paper presents recommendations developed by the DRTF following the process laid out in that first White Pap

MacQueen, D H

2007-10-10

335

Interim report of the interagency coal export task force: draft for public comment. [Trade by country 1960-1979; general forecasting to 1985, 1990 and 2000  

SciTech Connect

The Interagency Coal Export Task Force was formed in the Spring of 1980 at the direction of the President, in support of the international efforts of the United States, encouraging the use of coal. Its purpose was to report on possible courses of action to increase United States steam coal exports in a manner consistent with other national policies, including our commitment to environmental protection. The Task Force assembled existing data, developed significant new information regarding the international coal market and undertook analyses of apparent problems underlying coal exports. The Task Force contributed to a public awareness of the fact that increased coal exports will serve both the domestic and international interests of the United States. Based upon extensive, independent field studies in Europe and the Far East, the Task Force concludes that there will be significant growth in world demand for steam coal. Such growth has already begun, has contributed to the almost seven-fold increase in United States overseas steam coal exports for 1990 over 1979, and is expected to continue beyond the end of this century. The growth in world steam coal trade projected in the report does not guarantee United States coal exporters a large or expanding share of the market. The United States' role depends on the buying strategies of the consuming countries, the policies and prices of competing exporters, and the actions taken by the United States to maintain reasonable prices, prompt delivery and dependable quality. Projections of United States steam coal exports, therefore, rest upon a number of highly uncertain factors which are discussed in some detail.

None

1981-01-01

336

Parietal area 5 activity does not reflect the differential time-course of motor output kinetics during arm-reaching and isometric-force tasks.  

PubMed

Many single-neuron recording studies have examined the degree to which the activity of primary motor cortex (M1) neurons is related to the kinematics and kinetics of various motor tasks. This has not been explored as extensively for arm movement-related neurons in posterior parietal cortex area 5. We recorded the activity of 78 proximal arm-related neurons in area 5 of two monkeys while they used their whole arm to make reaching movements toward eight targets on a horizontal plane against an inertial load or to generate isometric forces at the hand in the same eight horizontal directions. The overall range of measured output forces was similar in the two tasks. The forces increased monotonically in the desired direction in the isometric task. In the movement task, in contrast, they showed a rapid initial increase in the direction of movement, followed by a transient reversal of forces as the hand approached the target. Many task-related area 5 neurons were tuned for the direction of motor output in the tasks, but most area 5 neurons were more strongly active or exclusively active in the movement task than in the isometric task. Furthermore, their activity at either the single cell or population level did not reflect the transient reversal of output forces during movement. In contrast, M1 neuronal activity was typically strong in both tasks and showed task-related changes that reflected the differences in the time course and directionality of force outputs between both tasks, including the transient reversal of forces in the movement task. These results show that area 5 neurons are less strongly related to the time-course of task kinetics than M1 during isometric and arm-movement tasks. PMID:16481461

Hamel-Pâquet, Catherine; Sergio, Lauren E; Kalaska, John F

2006-06-01

337

The Classification of Children's Knowledge: Development on the Balance-Scale and Inclined-Plane Tasks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applies to the inclined-plane task Siegler's (1981) observation that performance on Piagetian tasks is governed by similar rule structures. Also replicates Siegler's original observations about the development on the balance-scale task and determines the consistency in children's rule usage across tasks. (Author/AS)

Ferretti, Ralph P.; And Others

1985-01-01

338

Building Bridges to the Information Superhighway: Annual Report of the Disabilities Issues Task Force, Federal Communications Commission (March 1995--April 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes activities and accomplishments of the Federal Communications Commission's Disabilities Issues Task Force on disabilities issues from March 1995 through April 1996, its first year. Introductory material includes a message from the chairman of the Commission and a statement of the Task Force's purpose, which is to address…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

339

Proceedings: The Conference of the University/Urban Schools National Task Force: What Works in Urban Schools (3rd, San Francisco, CA, July 9-10, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of the University/Urban Schools Task Force conference on what works in urban schools are summarized in this report. The future direction of the Task Force, articulated by conference participants, is described as a move toward the conceptualization and design of programs to teach thinking skills versus programs that mainly teach subject…

Bossone, Richard M., Ed.

340

Commission Comments on the Intersegmental Task Force Report. Facilitating the Transfer of Community College EOPS Students to California's Public Universities. Commission Report 85-25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reactions of the California Postsecondary Education Commission to task force recommendations about the Extended Opportunity Programs and Services (EOPS) are presented. EOPS provides services and financial aid to community college students who transfer to public four-year colleges. The task force concluded that existing comprehensive opportunity…

California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento.

341

INITIAL DEVELOPMENT OF A FORCE-SENSITIVE VIBRATION ISOLATION BEARING  

E-print Network

172 Chapter 6 INITIAL DEVELOPMENT OF A FORCE-SENSITIVE VIBRATION ISOLATION BEARING The theoretical-sensitive vibration isolation bearing. The concept of such a device is described, together with the design and testing of a practical force-sensitive bearing for base-isolated buildings. 6.1. The Concept of a Force

Talbot, James P.

342

WWC Review of the Report "Meeting the Challenge of Combating Chronic Absenteeism: Impact of the NYC Mayor's Interagency Task Force on Chronic Absenteeism and School Attendance and Its Implications for Other Cities." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 study, "Meeting the Challenge of Combating Chronic Absenteeism: Impact of the NYC Mayor's Interagency Task Force on Chronic Absenteeism and School Attendance and Its Implications for Other Cities", examined the impact of the strategies developed by an interagency task force in New York City to combat chronic absenteeism in…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

2014-01-01

343

Task Complexity, Focus on Form, and Second Language Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tasks have received increased attention in SLA research for the past decade, as has the role of focus on form. However, few empirical studies have investigated the relationship among tasks, focus-on-form techniques, and second language (L2) learning outcomes. To help address this gap, the present study examined how the task variable +/- contextual…

Revesz, Andrea

2009-01-01

344

Recent Developments and Applications of the CHARMM force fields  

PubMed Central

Empirical force fields commonly used to describe the condensed phase properties of complex systems such as biological macromolecules are continuously being updated. Improvements in quantum mechanical (QM) methods used to generate target data, availability of new experimental target data, incorporation of new classes of compounds and new theoretical developments (eg. polarizable methods) make force-field development a dynamic domain of research. Accordingly, a number of improvements and extensions of the CHARMM force fields have occurred over the years. The objective of the present review is to provide an up-to-date overview of the CHARMM force fields. A limited presentation on the historical aspects of force fields will be given, including underlying methodologies and principles, along with a brief description of the strategies used for parameter development. This is followed by information on the CHARMM additive and polarizable force fields, including examples of recent applications of those force fields. PMID:23066428

Zhu, Xiao; Lopes, Pedro E.M.; MacKerell, Alexander D.

2011-01-01

345

"Bad girls rule": an interdisciplinary feminist commentary on the report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls.  

PubMed

Feminist, critical, and postmodern scholars have long recognized sexuality as a site of power relations. The recently released Report of the APA (American Psychological Association) Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls is a welcome addition to ongoing feminist and activist conversations on how to intervene on issues of sexuality in the name of girls' and women's health. This article offers a critical interdisciplinary analysis of this influential APA report, expanding on and challenging several of its main claims. This article critiques the report as over-determining the negative impact of sexualization; offers other literatures as critical additions including feminist literature on media, consumer culture, gender, and the body, and earlier "pro-desire" feminist psychology scholarship; and critiques the task force's conflations of objectification and sexualization. The article concludes with a call for broadening feminist scholarship and activism across disciplinary boundaries to emphasize girls' and women's sexual agency and resistance, as well as sexual health and rights. PMID:19657944

Lerum, Kari; Dworkin, Shari L

2009-01-01

346

Revisiting the multiple sclerosis functional composite: proceedings from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) Task Force on Clinical Disability Measures.  

PubMed

This article describes proceedings from a meeting of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) Task Force on Clinical Disability Measures (the TF). The TF was appointed by the NMSS Research Programs Advisory Committee with the goal of pooling and analyzing existing datasets to explore the utility of novel disability outcome measures based on the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) approach. The TF seeks to determine the suitability of the MSFC approach as a primary clinical outcome measure for registration trials in MS. The TF met in Washington, DC, Dec. 14 and 15, 2011, and provided unanimous support for a collaborative approach involving representatives from academic medicine, the pharmaceutical industry, regulatory agencies, the NMSS and the Critical Path Institute. There was also unanimous agreement that analysis of existing datasets would be useful in making progress toward the objective. The TF placed high value on determining the clinical meaning of individual component measures for the MSFC, and in establishing optimal analysis methods for MSFC so that scores would be more interpretable than the originally recommended z-score method. The background for a collaborative project aimed at developing an improved disability outcome measure is described in this paper. PMID:22740488

Ontaneda, D; LaRocca, N; Coetzee, T; Rudick, Ra

2012-08-01

347

Guidelines for the training, credentialing, use, and supervision of speech-language pathology assistants. Task Force on Support Personnel.  

PubMed

These guidelines are an official statement of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. They provide guidance on the training, credentialing, use, and supervision of one category of support personnel in speech-language pathology: speech-language pathology assistants. Guidelines are not official standards of the Association. They were developed by the Task Force on Support Personnel: Dennis J. Arnst, Kenneth D. Barker, Ann Olsen Bird, Sheila Bridges, Linda S. DeYoung, Katherine Formichella, Nena M. Germany, Gilbert C. Hanke, Ann M. Horton, DeAnne M. Owre, Sidney L. Ramsey, Cathy A. Runnels, Brenda Terrell, Gerry W. Werven, Denise West, Patricia A. Mercaitis (consultant), Lisa C. O'Connor (consultant), Frederick T. Spahr (coordinator), Diane Paul-Brown (associate coordinator), Ann L. Carey (Executive Board liaison). The 1994 guidelines supersede the 1981 guidelines entitled, "Guidelines for the Employment and Utilization of Supportive Personnel" (Asha, March 1981, 165-169). Refer to the 1995 position statement on the "Training, Credentialing, Use, and Supervision of Support Personnel in Speech-Language Pathology" (Asha, 37 [Suppl. 14], 21). PMID:8680262

1996-01-01

348

Effects of sophistication and motivation on the detection of malingered memory performance using a computerized forced-choice task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study employed a computerized forced-choice recognition memory task, the Multi-Digit Memory Test (MDMT), to examine the effects of instructional set (i.e., dissimulation information provided subjects) and motivation (i.e., monetary incentive) on simulated malingering behavior in a group of 119 university undergraduate students and 33 patients sustaining varying severity of closed-head injury. For the nonpatient groups, a significant effect

Roy C. Martin; John F. Bolter; Mark E. Todd; Wm Drew Gouvier; Raymon Niccolls

1993-01-01

349

Use of task force criteria to interpret pediatric ambulatory blood pressure may result in overdiagnosis of hypertension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interpretation of ambulatory BP (ABP) data in children is complicated by uncertainty over whether ambulatory hypertension should be defined using 95th percentile BP limits from the Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents (TF) or normative pediatric ABP datasets (Soergel et al, J. Peds. 1997;130:178-84). To determine how the choice of 95th percentile BP limit

Jonathan M. Sorof; Mona A. Eissa; Kathy Franco; Timothy Poffenbarger; Ronald J. Portman

2001-01-01

350

Task-Focused Behaviour and Literacy Development: A Reciprocal Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was twofold: (a) to examine the effect of task-focused behaviour on reading fluency, spelling and comprehension; and (b) to examine the role of the different literacy skills in subsequent task-focused behaviour. Two hundred and seven Finnish-speaking children were followed from preschool until their fourth year at school…

Hirvonen, Riikka; Georgiou, George K.; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Aunola, Kaisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2010-01-01

351

Initial development of an automated task analysis profiling system  

SciTech Connect

A program for automated task analysis is described. Called TAPS (task analysis profiling system), the program accepts normal English prose and outputs skills, knowledges, attitudes, and abilities (SKAAs) along with specific guidance and recommended ability measurement tests for nuclear power plant operators. A new method for defining SKAAs is presented along with a sample program output.

Jorgensen, C.C.

1984-01-01

352

Differences in the magnitude and direction of forces during a submaximal matching task in hemiparetic subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stroke patients often exhibit large imbalances in strength between the two upper limbs (ULs) and between the different muscle groups of the paretic UL. The aim of the study was to compare the ability of hemiparetic and normal subjects to produce symmetrical forces with both ULs and to determine whether the differences between force vectors can be predicted by a

Catherine Mercier; AnneMartine Bertrand; Daniel Bourbonnais

2004-01-01

353

Periodic health examination, 1995 update: 3. Screening for visual problems among elderly patients. Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To provide recommendations to family physicians for screening elderly patients (over 65 years of age) for visual impairment and its common clinical causes. OPTIONS: Visual acuity screening with Snellen sight chart, funduscopy, retinal photography, tonometry and perimetry. OUTCOMES: Delay or prevention of visual deterioration or blindness. EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search for relevant articles published between January 1986 and December 1993 was undertaken, the bibliographies of the articles were scrutinized for additional articles, and experts were consulted. The highest available level of evidence was used in making recommendations. VALUES: The evidence-based methods and values of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination were used. Preservation of vision was given the highest value in accordance with other guidelines regarding eyesight. BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: Potential benefits are to maintain or improve visual acuity. Potential for harm to patients is minimal. Limited data are available on costs. RECOMMENDATIONS: There is fair evidence to include in the periodic health examination visual acuity testing with a Snellen sight chart and funduscopy or retinal photography in elderly patients with diabetes of at least 5 years' duration (grade B recommendation). The place of funduscopy in the detection of age-related macular degeneration and glaucomatous changes is controversial. For patients at high risk for glaucoma (positive family history, black race, severe myopia or diabetes) it would be prudent to have a periodic assessment by an ophthalmologist. VALIDATION: Recommendations differ from those of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Optometric Association. Recommendations for glaucoma screening are similar to those of the US Preventive Services Task Force. Present recommendations have been reviewed by experts in ophthalmology and optometry. SPONSOR: These guidelines were developed and endorsed by the task force, which is funded by Health Canada and the National Health Research and Development Program. The principal author (C.P.) was supported in part by the Educational Centre for Aging and Health, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont. PMID:7736372

1995-01-01

354

THE INFLUENCE OF HEEL HEIGHT ON VERTICAL GROUND REACTION FORCE DURING LANDING TASKS IN RECREATIONALLY ACTIVE AND ATHLETIC COLLEGIATE FEMALES  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To determine if heel height alters vertical ground reaction forces (vGRF) when landing from a forward hop or drop landing. Background: Increased vGRF during landing are theorized to increase ACL injury risk in female athletes. Methods: Fifty collegiate females performed two single?limb landing tasks while wearing heel lifts of three different sizes (0, 12 & 24 mm) attached to the bottom of a athletic shoe. Using a force plate, peak vGRF at landing was examined. Repeated measures ANOVAs were used to determine the influence of heel height on the dependent measures. Results: Forward hop task? Peak vGRF (normalized for body mass) with 0 mm, 12 mm, and 24 mm lifts were 2.613±0.498, 2.616±0.497 and 2.495±0.518% BW, respectively. Significant differences were noted between 0 and 24 mm lift (p<.001) and 12 and 24 mm lifts (p=.004), but not between the 0 and 12 mm conditions (p=.927). Jump?landing task? No significant differences were found in peak vGRF (p=.192) between any of the heel lift conditions. Conclusions: The addition of a 24 mm heel lift to the bottom of a sneaker significantly alters peak vGRF upon landing from a unilateral forward hop but not from a jumping maneuver. PMID:23439490

Carcia, Christopher R.

2013-01-01

355

Revisiting the Development of Time Sharing Using a Dual Motor Task Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors discuss and examine how to develop time sharing using a dual motor task and its effects. They state that when one is required to perform two tasks at the same time (time sharing), an individual may experience difficulty in expressing one or both of the tasks. This phenomenon, known as interference, has been studied…

Getchell, Nancy; Pabreja, Priya

2006-01-01

356

Public Hearing: Report of the Proceedings of a Public Hearing of the Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology (Atlanta, Georgia, March 2, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

357

A Comprehensive Study of the Programs, Governance and Administration of Regional Education Service Agencies (RESAs). The Report of the RESA Task Force in Response to West Virginia Senate Bill 127  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In June 2006, the State Superintendent of Schools, Dr. Steven Paine, convened the Task Force comprised of county superintendents, RESA executive directors, county school boards, county and RESA specialists in staff development, finance, and technology, staff from West Virginia Senate and House Education Committees, the State Auditor's Office, and…

West Virginia Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

358

Development of a task analysis tool to facilitate user interface design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A good user interface is one that facilitates the user in carrying out his task. Such interfaces are difficult and costly to produce. The most important aspect in producing a good interface is the ability to communicate to the software designers what the user's task is. The Task Analysis Tool is a system for cooperative task analysis and specification of the user interface requirements. This tool is intended to serve as a guide to development of initial prototypes for user feedback.

Scholtz, Jean C.

1992-01-01

359

Responses to comments received on the draft final report of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Task Force on Radioactive Waste Management  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force solicited comments on its Draft Final Report from a variety of sources. Letters were sent to over 400 individuals who had expressed interest in the interest in the Department`s radioactive waste, management programs, a notice was placed in the Federal Register, the morning session of the January 1993 meeting of the full Secretary of Energy Advisory Board was given over to discussion of the draft, and Task Force members and staff presented the effort at several professional meetings. Altogether 32 written comments were received. They are reproduced here, followed in each case by the Task Force`s response to specific suggestions made to improve the draft. (The panel did not respond to comments that simply reflected policy preferences or that praised the group`s effort.) With one exception, those specific suggestions are highlighted and given a letter designation from {open_quotes}A{close_quotes} to {open_quotes}Z{close_quotes}. The Task Force`s responses, written in the Fall 1993, are labeled in a like manner. For the one exception, a comments submitted by Judy Treichel, the Task Force`s response is printed on copies of her annotated pages.

Not Available

1994-10-01

360

Report of Lethbridge Native Education Task Force to Boards of Lethbridge School District #51 and Lethbridge Catholic Separate School District #9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports Task Force recommendations for a sound education program providing opportunities for success for Indian, Metis, and Inuit students and information for Native and non-Native students about Native people, history, culture, and contributions to community and nation. (LFL)

Warnica, E. J.

1986-01-01

361

Repairing the Breach. Key Ways To Support Family Life, Reclaim Our Streets, and Rebuild Civil Society in America's Communities. Report of the National Task Force on African-American Men and Boys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the National Task Force on African-American Men and Boys is the beginning of an approach to repair society's breaches and restore the streets to safety. The Task Force, headed by Andrew J. Young and established in 1994, conceived its mission as one of reclamation. The Task Force made 61 specific recommendations, and three general…

Austin, Bobby William, Ed.

362

A QUESTIONNAIRE TO ASSESS THE RELEVANCE AND CREDIBILITY OF OBSERVATIONAL STUDIES TO INFORM HEALTH CARE DECISION MAKING: AN ISPOR-AMCP-NPC GOOD PRACTICE TASK FORCE REPORT  

PubMed Central

Evidence-based healthcare decisions are best informed by comparisons of all relevant interventions used to treat conditions in specific patient populations. Observational studies are being performed to help fill evidence gaps. However, widespread adoption of evidence from observational studies has been limited due to a variety of factors, including the lack of consensus regarding accepted principles for their evaluation and interpretation. Two Task Forces were formed to develop questionnaires to assist decision makers in evaluating observational studies, with one Task Force addressing retrospective research and the other prospective research. The intent was to promote a structured approach to reduce the potential for subjective interpretation of evidence and drive consistency in decision-making. Separately developed questionnaires were combined into a single questionnaire consisting of 33 items. These were divided into two domains: relevance and credibility. Relevance addresses the extent to which findings, if accurate, apply to the setting of interest to the decision maker. Credibility addresses the extent to which the study findings accurately answer the study question. The questionnaire provides a guide for assessing the degree of confidence that should be placed from observational studies and promotes awareness of the subtleties involved in evaluating those. PMID:24636373

Berger, Marc L; Martin, Bradley C; Husereau, Don; Worley, Karen; Allen, Dan; Yang, Winnie; Mullins, C. Daniel; Kahler, Kristijan; Quon, Nicole C.; Devine, Scott; Graham, John; Cannon, Eric; Crown, William

2014-01-01

363

Effects of contraction path and velocity on the coordination of hand muscles during a three-digit force production task.  

PubMed

Though many studies indicated that the behavior of single muscle was different between contraction and relaxation, the effect of contraction history profile on multiple muscles has not been investigated. In this study, we analyzed the influence of contraction history on the coordination patterns of hand muscles during a three-digit force production task. The effects of the contraction and relaxation paths with two contraction velocities (5% and 10% maximum voluntary contraction per second) were investigated. The results showed that the force-independent characteristic of muscle coordination patterns still held regardless of the contraction history profiles. In addition, the effect of contraction path was more significant than that of velocity. The study provides a potential way to overcome the impact of contraction disturbance for improving the robustness of the human-machine interface (HMI) based on electromyographic (EMG) pattern recognition. PMID:25571330

Jiayuan He; Xinjun Sheng; Dingguo Zhang; Xiangyang Zhu

2014-08-01

364

Robot Skill Transfer Based on B-Spline Fuzzy Controllers for Force-Control Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human-beings can easily describe their behaviour by IF-THEN rules, which can be transferred from one task to another with slight local changes. However, standard tech- niques for function approximation like neuronal networks or associative memories are unable to work with rules. We introduce a method for extracting and importing human readable rules from and to a B-spline fuzzy controller. Rule

Markus Ferch; Jianwei Zhang; Alois Knoll

1999-01-01

365

Development and preliminary evaluation of a pediatric Spanish/English speech perception task  

PubMed Central

Purpose To develop a task to evaluate children’s English and Spanish speech perception abilities in either noise or competing speech maskers. Methods Eight bilingual Spanish/English and eight age matched monolingual English children (ages 4.9 –16.4 years) were tested. A forced-choice, picture-pointing paradigm was selected for adaptively estimating masked speech reception thresholds. Speech stimuli were spoken by simultaneous bilingual Spanish/English talkers. The target stimuli were thirty disyllabic English and Spanish words, familiar to five-year-olds, and easily illustrated. Competing stimuli included either two-talker English or two-talker Spanish speech (corresponding to target language) and spectrally matched noise. Results For both groups of children, regardless of test language, performance was significantly worse for the two-talker than the noise masker. No difference in performance was found between bilingual and monolingual children. Bilingual children performed significantly better in English than in Spanish in competing speech. For all listening conditions, performance improved with increasing age. Conclusions Results indicate that the stimuli and task are appropriate for speech recognition testing in both languages, providing a more conventional measure of speech-in-noise perception as well as a measure of complex listening. Further research is needed to determine performance for Spanish-dominant listeners and to evaluate the feasibility of implementation into routine clinical use. PMID:24686915

Calandruccio, Lauren; Gomez, Bianca; Buss, Emily; Leibold, Lori J.

2014-01-01

366

Making Child Care Work. Report to the 1987 Minnesota Legislature by the Child Care Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report makes recommendations to the 1987 Minnesota Legislature on some actions that can be taken to improve Minnesota's child care system and make it work more effectively. The first section of the report documents the growing need for child care, emphasizing the number of children in Minnesota, the number of women in the labor force, changes…

Moriarty, Sheila; And Others

367

Contact task by space teleoperation using force reflection of communication time delay  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new strategy for space teleoperation under communication time delay, which makes it possible for an operator to know conditions of a remote manipulator through force reflection of the time delay. Using the proposed strategy, an operator feels as if the manipulator is operated through a virtual spring. Basic algorithm is that difference of command and telemetry

Masahiro Nohmi; Masaki Ando; Thomas Bock

2005-01-01

368

Preparing Michigan Students for the Jobs of Tomorrow: The Report of the Tech Prep Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both secondary schools and community colleges are under pressure to increase the technical content of their curricula to produce graduates who can fill highly skilled technician jobs in a changing work force. Technical Preparation (Tech Prep) Programs are partnerships between these two institutional levels that incorporate career counseling and…

Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

369

Rules and Development in Triad Classification Task Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rule use in perceptual classification was investigated in adults and in 4- to 12-year-old children. Two studies of performance on triad classification tasks with large samples (N=226 and N=328) are presented to (a) contrast theoretical predictions from the holistic-to-analytic-shift theory (Smith & Kemler, 1977) and the differential-sensitivity…

Raijmakers, Maartje E. J.; Jansen, Brenda R. J.; van der Maas, Han L. J.

2004-01-01

370

824 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, VOL. 8, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2011 Development and Force/Position Control of a  

E-print Network

dedicated to pick-transport-and-place tasks and their control. These tasks are one of the main base824 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, VOL. 8, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2011 Development and Force/Position Control of a New Hybrid Thermo-Piezoelectric MicroGripper Dedicated

Boyer, Edmond

371

Time to Redefine PD? Introductory Statement of the MDS Task Force on the Definition of Parkinson’s Disease  

PubMed Central

With advances in knowledge disease, boundaries may change. Occasionally, these changes are of such a magnitude that they require redefinition of the disease. In recognition of the profound changes in our understanding of Parkinson’s disease (PD), the International Parkinson and Movement Disorders Society (MDS) commissioned a task force to consider a redefinition of PD. This review is a discussion article, intended as the introductory statement of the task force. Several critical issues were identified that challenge current PD definitions. First, new findings challenge the central role of the classical pathologic criteria as the arbiter of diagnosis, notably genetic cases without synuclein deposition, the high prevalence of incidental Lewy body (LB) deposition, and the nonmotor prodrome of PD. It remains unclear, however, whether these challenges merit a change in the pathologic gold standard, especially considering the limitations of alternate gold standards. Second, the increasing recognition of dementia in PD challenges the distinction between diffuse LB disease and PD. Consideration might be given to removing dementia as an exclusion criterion for PD diagnosis. Third, there is increasing recognition of disease heterogeneity, suggesting that PD subtypes should be formally identified; however, current subtype classifications may not be sufficiently robust to warrant formal delineation. Fourth, the recognition of a nonmotor prodrome of PD requires that new diagnostic criteria for early-stage and prodromal PD should be created; here, essential features of these criteria are proposed. Finally, there is a need to create new MDS diagnostic criteria that take these changes in disease definition into consideration. PMID:24619848

Bloem, Bastiaan; Chan, Piu; Dubois, Bruno; Gasser, Thomas; Goetz, Christopher G.; Halliday, Glenda M.; Hardy, John; Lang, Anthony E.; Litvan, Irene; Marek, Kenneth; Obeso, José; Oertel, Wolfgang; Olanow, C. Warren; Poewe, Werner; Stern, Matthew; Deuschl, Günther

2014-01-01

372

Development of a force specification for a force-limited random vibration test  

SciTech Connect

Vibration testing, techniques have been developed and employed that reduce the overtesting caused by the essentially infinite mechanical impedance of the shaker in conventional vibration tests. With these ``force-limiting`` techniques, two vibration test specifications are used: the conventional acceleration specification, and an interface force specification. The vibration level of the shake table is controlled such that neither the table acceleration nor the force transmitted to the test item exceeds its specification, hence the name ``dual control`` vibration test. The effect of limiting the shake table vibration to the force specification is to reduce (``notch``) the shaker acceleration near some of the test item`s resonance frequencies. Several methods of deriving the force specification have been described in the literature. A new method is proposed in this paper that is based on a modal method of coupling two dynamic systems, in this case the ``source`` or launch vehicle, and the ``load`` or payload. The only information that is required is an experimentally-measurable frequency-response function (FRF) called the dynamic mass for both the source and the load. The method, referred to as the coupled system, modal approach (CSMA) method, is summarized and compared to an existing method of determining the force specification for force-limited vibration testing.

Stevens, R.R.

1996-02-01

373

Comparison of joint space versus task force load distribution optimization for a multiarm manipulator system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is often proposed that the redundancy in choosing a force distribution for multiple arms grasping a single object should be handled by minimizing a quadratic performance index. The performance index may be formulated in terms of joint torques or in terms of the Cartesian space force/torque applied to the body by the grippers. The former seeks to minimize power consumption while the latter minimizes body stresses. Because the cost functions are related to each other by a joint angle dependent transformation on the weight matrix, it might be argued that either method tends to reduce power consumption, but clearly the joint space minimization is optimal. A comparison of these two options is presented with consideration given to computational cost and power consumption. Simulation results using a two arm robot system are presented to show the savings realized by employing the joint space optimization. These savings are offset by additional complexity, computation time and in some cases processor power consumption.

Soloway, Donald I.; Alberts, Thomas E.

1989-01-01

374

Implementation of a three degree of freedom, motor/brake hybrid force output device for virtual environment control tasks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The advent of high resolution, physical model based computer graphics has left a gap in the design of input/output technology appropriate for interacting with such complex virtual world models. Since virtual worlds consist of physical models, it is appropriate to output the inherent force information necessary for the simulation to the user. The detailed design, construction, and control of a three degree freedom force output joystick will be presented. A novel kinematic design allows all three axes to be uncoupled, so that the system inertia matrix is diagonal. The two planar axes are actuated through an offset gimbal, and the third through a sleeved cable. To compensate for friction and inertia effects, this transmission is controlled by a force feedforward and a closed force feedback proportional loop. Workspace volume is a cone of 512 cubic inches, and the device bandwidth is maximized at 60 Hz for the two planar and 30 Hz for the third axis. Each axis is controlled by a motor/proportional magnetic particle brake combination fixed to the base. The innovative use of motors and brakes allows objects with high resistive torque requirements to be simulated without the stability and related safety issues involved with high torque, energy storing motors alone. Position, velocity, and applied endpoint force are sensed directly. Different control strategies are discussed and implemented, with an emphasis on how virtual environment force information, generated by the MIT Media Lab Computer Graphics and Animation Group BOLIO system, is transmitted to the device controller. The design constraints for a kinesthetic force feedback device can be summarized as: How can the symbiosis between the sense of presence in the virtual environment be maximized without compromising the interaction task under the constraints of the mechanical device limitations? Research in this field will yield insights to the optimal human sensory feedback mix for a wide spectrum of control and interaction problems. A flexible research tool that is designed as an easily reproducible product prototype has been constructed to explore the variety of possible force interaction.

Russo, Massimo; Tadros, Alfred; Flowers, Woodie; Zeltzer, David

1991-01-01

375

Advanced commercial-off-the-shelf technology for joint task force DISN deployed multimedia communications (JDDMC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current tactical communications requirement, in terms of increased bandwidth and more communications functionality, is forcing the tactical communications community to search for near-term technological improvements. These technology improvements, using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) and\\/or government-off-the-shelf products, is part of a long term Department of Defense cost reduction strategy for modernizing currently fielded tactical systems. The goal is to acquire commercially based

S. Shah; T. Armstrong; S. Hadjipanteli

1997-01-01

376

Detection and classification of movement-related cortical potentials associated with task force and speed  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective. In this study, the objective was to detect movement intentions and extract different levels of force and speed of the intended movement from scalp electroencephalography (EEG). We then estimated the performance of the closed loop system. Approach. Cued movements were detected from continuous EEG recordings using a template of the initial phase of the movement-related cortical potential in 12 healthy subjects. The temporal features, extracted from the movement intention, were classified with an optimized support vector machine. The system performance was evaluated when combining detection with classification. Main results. The system detected 81% of the movements and correctly classified 75 ± 9% and 80 ± 10% of these at the point of detection when varying the force and speed, respectively. When the detector was combined with the classifier, the system detected and correctly classified 64 ± 13% and 67 ± 13% of these movements. The system detected and incorrectly classified 21 ± 7% and 16 ± 9% of the movements. The movements were detected 317 ± 73 ms before the movement onset. Significance. The results indicate that it is possible to detect movement intentions with limited latencies, and extract and classify different levels of force and speed, which may be combined with assistive technologies for patient-driven neurorehabilitation.

Jochumsen, Mads; Niazi, Imran Khan; Mrachacz-Kersting, Natalie; Farina, Dario; Dremstrup, Kim

2013-10-01

377

Overview of Air Force Research Laboratory cryogenic technology development programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of the cryogenic refrigerator and cryogenic integration programs in development and characterization under the Cryogenic Technology Group, Space Vehicles Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). The vision statement for the group is to support the pace community as the center of excellence for developing and transitioning space cryogenic thermal management technologies. The primary

Thomas M. Davis; B. J. Tomlinson

1998-01-01

378

Children's Spiritual Development in Forced Displacement: A Human Rights Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a synthesis of current research and theories of spiritual development in forced displacement from a human rights perspective. Spirituality, understood as a cognitive-cultural construct, has shown positive impact on children's development through both collective and individual processes and across ecological domains of the…

Ojalehto, Bethany; Wang, Qi

2008-01-01

379

Task-evoked pupillometry provides a window into the development of short-term memory capacity  

PubMed Central

The capacity to keep multiple items in short-term memory (STM) improves over childhood and provides the foundation for the development of multiple cognitive abilities. The goal of this study was to measure the extent to which age differences in STM capacity are related to differences in task engagement during encoding. Children (n = 69, mean age = 10.6 years) and adults (n = 54, mean age = 27.5 years) performed two STM tasks: the forward digit span test from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) and a novel eyetracking digit span task designed to overload STM capacity. Building on prior research showing that task-evoked pupil dilation can be used as a real-time index of task engagement, we measured changes in pupil dilation while participants encoded long sequences of digits for subsequent recall. As expected, adults outperformed children on both STM tasks. We found similar patterns of pupil dilation while children and adults listened to the first six digits on our STM overload task, after which the adults' pupils continued to dilate and the children's began to constrict, suggesting that the children had reached their cognitive limits and that they had begun to disengage from the task. Indeed, the point at which pupil dilation peaked at encoding was a significant predictor of WISC forward span, and this relationship held even after partialing out recall performance on the STM overload task. These findings indicate that sustained task engagement at encoding is an important component of the development of STM. PMID:24659980

Johnson, Elizabeth L.; Miller Singley, Alison T.; Peckham, Andrew D.; Johnson, Sheri L.; Bunge, Silvia A.

2014-01-01

380

Task-evoked pupillometry provides a window into the development of short-term memory capacity.  

PubMed

The capacity to keep multiple items in short-term memory (STM) improves over childhood and provides the foundation for the development of multiple cognitive abilities. The goal of this study was to measure the extent to which age differences in STM capacity are related to differences in task engagement during encoding. Children (n = 69, mean age = 10.6 years) and adults (n = 54, mean age = 27.5 years) performed two STM tasks: the forward digit span test from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) and a novel eyetracking digit span task designed to overload STM capacity. Building on prior research showing that task-evoked pupil dilation can be used as a real-time index of task engagement, we measured changes in pupil dilation while participants encoded long sequences of digits for subsequent recall. As expected, adults outperformed children on both STM tasks. We found similar patterns of pupil dilation while children and adults listened to the first six digits on our STM overload task, after which the adults' pupils continued to dilate and the children's began to constrict, suggesting that the children had reached their cognitive limits and that they had begun to disengage from the task. Indeed, the point at which pupil dilation peaked at encoding was a significant predictor of WISC forward span, and this relationship held even after partialing out recall performance on the STM overload task. These findings indicate that sustained task engagement at encoding is an important component of the development of STM. PMID:24659980

Johnson, Elizabeth L; Miller Singley, Alison T; Peckham, Andrew D; Johnson, Sheri L; Bunge, Silvia A

2014-01-01

381

Environmental health sciences center task force review on halogenated organics in drinking water  

PubMed Central

The disinfection of drinking water by chlorination has in recent years come under closer scrutiny because of the potential hazards associated with the production of stable chlorinated organic chemicals. Organic chemical contaminants are common to all water supplies and it is now well-established that chlorinated by-products are obtained under conditions of disinfection, or during tertiary treatment of sewage whose products can ultimately find their way into drinking water supplies. Naturally occurring humic substances which are invariably present in drinking waters are probably the source of chloroform and other halogenated methanes, and chloroform has shown up in every water supply investigated thus far. The Environmental Protection Agency is charged with the responsibility of assessing the public health effects resulting from the consumption of contaminated drinking water. It has specifically undertaken the task of determining whether organic contaminants or their chlorinated derivatives have a special impact, and if so, what alternatives there are to protect the consumer against bacterial and viral diseases that are transmitted through infected drinking waters. The impetus to look at these chemicals is not entirely without some prima facie evidence of potential trouble. Epidemiological studies suggested a higher incidence of cancer along the lower Mississippi River where the contamination from organic chemicals is particularly high. The conclusions from these studies have, to be sure, not gone unchallenged. The task of assessing the effects of chemicals in the drinking water is a difficult one. It includes many variables, including differences in water supplies and the temporal relationship between contamination and consumption of the finished product. It must also take into account the relative importance of the effects from these chemicals in comparison to those from occupational exposure, ingestion of contaminated foods, inhalation of polluted air, and many others. The susceptibility of different age, genetic, and ethnic groups within the population must also be carefully considered. The present review discusses: the reasons for disinfection; the general occurrence of chlorinated organics in drinking water; the chemistry in the synthesis of chlorinated organics under aqueous conditions; and alternatives to chlorine for disinfection. PMID:17539149

Deinzer, M.; Schaumburg, F.; Klein, E.

1978-01-01

382

An Introduction to Intelligent Processing Programs Developed by the Air Force Manufacturing Technology Directorate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Air Force has numerous on-going manufacturing and integration development programs (machine tools, composites, metals, assembly, and electronics) which are instrumental in improving productivity in the aerospace industry, but more importantly, have identified strategies and technologies required for the integration of advanced processing equipment. An introduction to four current Air Force Manufacturing Technology Directorate (ManTech) manufacturing areas is provided. Research is being carried out in the following areas: (1) machining initiatives for aerospace subcontractors which provide for advanced technology and innovative manufacturing strategies to increase the capabilities of small shops; (2) innovative approaches to advance machine tool products and manufacturing processes; (3) innovative approaches to advance sensors for process control in machine tools; and (4) efforts currently underway to develop, with the support of industry, the Next Generation Workstation/Machine Controller (Low-End Controller Task).

Sampson, Paul G.; Sny, Linda C.

1992-01-01

383

Development of a Multi-Arm Mobile Robot for Nuclear Decommissioning Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns the design of a two-arm mobile delivery platform for application within nuclear decommissioning tasks. The adoption of the human arm as a model of manoeuvrability, scale and dexterity is the starting point for operation of two seven-function arms within the context of nuclear decommissioning tasks, the selection of hardware and its integration, and the development of suitable

Mohamed J. Bakari; Khaled M. Zied; Derek W. Seward

384

Sustainable energy for all. Technical report of task force 1 in support of the objective to achieve universal access to modern energy services by 2030  

SciTech Connect

The UN Secretary General established the Sustainable Energy for All initiative in order to guide and support efforts to achieve universal access to modern energy, rapidly increase energy efficiency, and expand the use of renewable energies. Task forces were formed involving prominent energy leaders and experts from business, government, academia and civil society worldwide. The goal of the Task Forces is to inform the implementation of the initiative by identifying challenges and opportunities for achieving its objectives. This report contains the findings of Task Force One which is dedicated to the objective of achieving universal access to modern energy services by 2030. The report shows that universal energy access can be realized by 2030 with strong, focused actions set within a coordinated framework.

Birol, Fatih [International Energy Agency, Paris (France); Brew-Hammond, Abeeku (University of Science and Technology (Ghana

2012-04-15

385

Recommendations from the Clinical Trials Task Force as regards Phase II trials  

Cancer.gov

The CTD-TF has attempted to provide guidance by developing these general recommendations. These recommendations primarily focus on trial designs to demonstrate activity but may include secondary objectives exploring toxicity, scheduling or biomarkers.

386

75 FR 11893 - Food and Drug Administration Transparency Task Force; Request for Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...specific new requirements. 2. The guidance development process. 3. Maintaining open channels of communication with industry routinely and during crises. 4. Providing useful and timely answers to industry questions about specific regulatory...

2010-03-12

387

Minutes of the Meeting of Task Force on Review of Academic Programs  

E-print Network

PRESENT: Duane Larick, Steven Allen, John Ambrose, Lewis Carson, Mike Carter, Myron Floyd, Liz Hardie based on the results of this pilot. Lewis Carson agreed to develop a set of definitions for the data

388

Developing and Assessing a Force and Motion Learning Progression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning progressions are ordered descriptions of students' understanding of a given concept. In this paper, we describe the iterative process of developing a force and motion learning progression and associated assessment items. We report on a pair of studies designed to explore the diagnosis of students' learning progression levels. First, we…

Alonzo, Alicia C.; Steedle, Jeffrey T.

2009-01-01

389

Spartanburg Technical College 1998 Work Force Development Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1998 Work Force Development Study focuses on Spartanburg Technical College's (STC's) (South Carolina) role in preparing new workers and training/retraining the current workforce. Surveys were mailed to employers in business and industry--the response rate was 10%. In addition, a series of focus groups, including various business, industry,…

Quinley, John W.; Cantrell, Jo Ellen

390

Air Force Officer Qualifying Test Form O: Development and Standardization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the rationale, development, and standardization of the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) Form O. The test is used to select individuals for officer commissioning programs, and candidates for pilot and navigator training. Form O contains 380 items organized in 16 subtests. All items are administered in a single test…

Rogers, Deborah L.; And Others

391

Flux Compression Generator Development at the Air Force Research Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) maintains an extensive capability for the design, analysis, construction and testing of explosive pulsed power (EPP) components. Three flux compression generators (FCGs) were designed as part of an EPP technology development effort sponsored by AFRL and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). A secondary-stage, high-current FCG was designed to deliver 10 MA into

T. C. Cavazos; D. G. Gale; C. E. Roth; J. V. Parker; W. E. Sommars; S. K. Coffey; F. M. Lehr; W. D. Tucker; G. F. Kiuttu; J. H. Degnan

2005-01-01

392

Identity Development in German Emerging Adults: Not an Easy Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this chapter, we review identity development in German youth as well as the impact of German cultural history on difficulties in developing a sense of national identity. Current socioeconomic and political contexts, such as instability of labor markets and prolonged transitions to work and partnership, are likely to affect identity development.…

Seiffge-Krenke, Inge; Haid, Marja-Lena

2012-01-01

393

Appropriate uses of Vitamin A Tracer (Stable Isotope) Methodology Vitamin A Tracer Task Force*  

E-print Network

to illness, blindness, and death Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is second to iron deficiency anemia as being the nutritional health problem of highest public health significance in developing countries. Globally, more than 200 million children are vitamin A deficient, and VAD is still the leading cause of blindness in children. Women in developing countries are also at risk of VAD, especially during pregnancy and lactation. Vitamin A is essential for growth, reproduction, immunity, and vision. VAD is associated with a higher risk of death in preschoolage children, presumably because of vitamin A’s role in immune function and in maintaining the integrity of epithelial tissue. Supplementation with vitamin A reduces the risk of child and may reduce maternal mortality. It also reduces the risk of severe diarrhea and measles, both of which are important and sometimes serious illnesses in developing countries. Because the vitamin A

Vitamin A Deficiency Contributes

394

Chemometrics review for chemical sensor development, task 7 report  

SciTech Connect

This report, the seventh in a series on the evaluation of several chemical sensors for use in the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) site characterization and monitoring programs, concentrates on the potential use of chemometrics techniques in analysis of sensor data. Chemometrics is the chemical discipline that uses mathematical, statistical, and other methods that employ formal logic to: design or select optimal measurement procedures and experiments and provide maximum relevant chemical information by analyzing chemical data. The report emphasizes the latter aspect. In a formal sense, two distinct phases are in chemometrics applications to analytical chemistry problems: (1) the exploratory data analysis phase and (2) the calibration and prediction phase. For use in real-world problems, it is wise to add a third aspect - the independent validation and verification phase. In practical applications, such as the ERWM work, and in order of decreasing difficulties, the most difficult tasks in chemometrics are: establishing the necessary infrastructure (to manage sampling records, data handling, and data storage and related aspects), exploring data analysis, and solving calibration problems, especially for nonlinear models. Chemometrics techniques are different for what are called zeroth-, first-, and second-order systems, and the details depend on the form of the assumed functional relationship between the measured response and the concentrations of components in mixtures. In general, linear relationships can be handled relatively easily, but nonlinear relationships can be difficult.

NONE

1994-05-01

395

Development of an anthropomorphic force-controlled manipulator WAM-10  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and evaluation of an anthropomorphic force-controlled manipulator WAM-10 (Waseda Automatic Manipulator-10). The manipulator consists of a seven degree-of-freedom (DOF) arm and a thirteen-DOF four-fingered hand. The goal of WAM-10 is the realization of human-robot symbiosis and collaboration for ensuring collision safety. The developed arm employs an original joint mechanism, called the mechanical impedance adjuster, which

T. Morita; S. Sugano

1997-01-01

396

Enrollment Projections for UNC Charlotte: 2020 The Long-Range Enrollment Planning Task Force  

E-print Network

a global financial and banking center, with the second largest banking assets in the U.S.3 The city Graves and Heather Smith (2003), "The Corporate (Re)Construction of a New South City: Great Banks Need. Indeed, for UNC Charlotte to meet the economic development and community-based social and cultural needs

Xie,Jiang (Linda)

397

The Rating Game: Report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Municipal Bond Credit Rating.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication examines the influence of credit ratings on public debt financing and helps to resolve some of the developing controversy concerning this subject. It investigates the rating activities of the two private investment advisory firms--Moody's and Standard & Poor's--and the use of ratings by governmental borrowers, investors,…

Petersen, John E.

398

Climatological Drought in Arizona: An Analysis of Indicators for Guiding the Governor's Drought Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lacking a federal policy to address local water deficiencies within the United States, many states have developed their own methods for monitoring drought in an effort to mitigate its effects. This article provides an overview of efforts to standardize the use of drought indices in order to compare recent and historical drought both spatially and temporally for Arizona. Yearly averages

Gregory B. Goodrich; Andrew W. Ellis

2006-01-01

399

Futuristics and Education: An ASCD Task Force Report. Professional Paper, 1979-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational needs for the future are discussed, particularly in light of how members of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) can help students prepare for the future. The document is presented in six chapters. Chapter I presents an overview of ASCD's long range school and educational plans. Chapter II defines key…

Van Avery, Dennis; And Others

400

An assessment by the Statin Muscle Safety Task Force: 2014 update.  

PubMed

The National Lipid Association's Muscle Safety Expert Panel was charged with the duty of examining the definitions for statin-associated muscle adverse events, development of a clinical index to assess myalgia, and the use of diagnostic neuromuscular studies to investigate muscle adverse events. We provide guidance as to when a patient should be considered for referral to neuromuscular specialists and indications for the performance of a skeletal muscle biopsy. Based on this review of evidence, we developed an algorithm for the evaluation and treatment of patients who may be intolerant to statins as the result of adverse muscle events. The panel was composed of clinical cardiologists, clinical lipidologists, an exercise physiologist, and a neuromuscular specialist. PMID:24793443

Rosenson, Robert S; Baker, Steven K; Jacobson, Terry A; Kopecky, Stephen L; Parker, Beth A; The National Lipid Association's Muscle Safety Expert Panel

2014-01-01

401

Preservation Planning for Digital Information: Final Report of the HVC2 Digital Preservation Task Force  

E-print Network

into the overall management infrastructure. These services draw on additional services such as User Profiles, Metadata Templates, Data Management Rules, and Name Resolution Service(s) to lead 7 submitters through the processes and decisions required to collect... such issues as appropriate Metadata Templates / metadata formats, acceptable object formats, classification / records groups, disposition of metadata and objects (methods, dates, etc.), access rights, etc. These rules are developed based on approved...

Fyffe, Richard; Ludwig, Deborah; Roach, Mary; Schulte, Becky; Warner, Beth Forrest

2004-11-11

402

HHS announces Text4Health task force recommendations and global partnership:  

Cancer.gov

Today, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced new recommendations to support health text messaging and mobile health (mHealth) programs. The department has been actively exploring means to capitalize on the rapid proliferation of mobile phone technology and platforms, such as text messaging, to develop programs and/or partnerships with the overall aim of improving public health outcomes.

403

Space station operations task force. Panel 2 report: Ground operations and support systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Ground Operations Concept embodied in this report provides for safe multi-user utilization of the Space Station, eases user integration, and gives users autonomy and flexibility. It provides for meaningful multi-national participation while protecting U.S. interests. The concept also supports continued space operations technology development by maintaining NASA expertise and enabling technology evolution. Given attention here are pre/post flight operations, logistics, sustaining engineering/configuration management, transportation services/rescue, and information systems and communication.

1987-01-01

404

Dutchess County Resource Recovery Task Force report: Dutchess County Pyrolysis Program  

SciTech Connect

Dutchess County initiated development of a long-range master plan for Solid Waste Management in 1971. The plan included development of a resource recovery facility to service the municipalities in the County population center. Based on early recommendations, a pyrolysis facility employing Purox technology was to be implemented. A feasibility study, paid for by County funds was completed in 1975. The study provided siting recommendations, estimation of available waste, and preliminary facility design. Because of various considerations, the project was not developed. Under the Department of Energy grant, the County reassessed the feasibility of a resource recovery facility, with emphasis on confirming previous conclusions supporting the Purox technology, waste availability, energy recovery and sale and siting of the plant. The conclusions reached in the new study were: a resource recovery facility is feasible for the County; sufficient waste for such a facility is available and subject to control; While Purox technology was feasible it is not the most appropriate available technoloy for the County; that mass burning with steam recovery is the most appropriate technology; and that resource recovery while presently more expensive than landfilling, represents the only cost effective, energy efficient, and environmentally sound way to handle the solid waste problem in the County.

None

1980-07-01

405

Exploration Requirements Development Utilizing the Strategy-to-Task-to-Technology Development Approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Vision for Space Exploration provides direction for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to embark on a robust space exploration program that will advance the Nation s scientific, security, and economic interests. This plan calls for a progressive expansion of human capabilities beyond low earth orbit seeking to answer profound scientific and philosophical questions while responding to discoveries along the way. In addition, the Vision articulates the strategy for developing the revolutionary new technologies and capabilities required for the future exploration of the solar system. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration faces new challenges in successfully implementing the Vision. In order to implement a sustained and affordable exploration endeavor it is vital for NASA to do business differently. This paper provides an overview of the strategy-to-task-to-technology process being used by NASA s Exploration Systems Mission Directorate to develop the requirements and system acquisition details necessary for implementing a sustainable exploration vision.

Drake, Bret G.; Josten, B. Kent; Monell, Donald W.

2004-01-01

406

Solar dynamic heat rejection technology. Task 1: System concept development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results are presented of a concept development study of heat rejection systems for Space Station solar dynamic power systems. The heat rejection concepts are based on recent developments in high thermal transport capacity heat pipe radiators. The thermal performance and weights of each of the heat rejection subsystems is addressed in detail, and critical technologies which require development tests and evaluation for successful demonstration are assessed and identified. Baseline and several alternate heat rejection system configurations and optimum designs are developed for both Brayton and Rankine cycles. The thermal performance, mass properties, assembly requirements, reliability, maintenance requirements and life cycle cost are determined for each configuration. A specific design was then selected for each configuration which represents an optimum design for that configuration. The final recommendations of heat rejection system configuration for either the Brayton or Rankine cycles depend on the priorities established for the evaluation criteria.

Gustafson, Eric; Carlson, Albert W.

1987-01-01

407

Developing Kazakhstan's Tengiz field will be a tough task  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews a new joint venture between the Chevron and Kazakh representatives to develop one of the world's largest oil fields under very challenging climatic and environmental conditions. It is proposed that a production of 700,000 barrels-of-oil per day will be reached by the year 2010. The paper reviews the historical development of this joint venture and discusses the proposed cost and profit-sharing proposed. It then discusses the geologic and environmental conditions which will cause extreme problems in the field development. These include climate extremes, probability of flooding, overpressured systems, corrosive brines and ground water, and poor soil conditions for construction of any facilities. It discusses a proposed plan to address each of these issues and the possible construction of oil and gas processing facilities, sulfur recovery facilities, and pipelines.

Samoilov, B.V. (State Academy of Oil and Gas, Moscow (Russian Federation))

1993-07-01

408

Advanced diesel engine component development program, tasks 4-14  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes the Advanced Diesel Engine Component Development (ADECD) Program to develop and demonstrate critical technology needed to advance the heavy-duty low heat rejection engine concept. Major development activities reported are the design, analysis, and fabrication of monolithic ceramic components; vapor phase and solid film lubrication; electrohydraulic valve actuation; and high pressure common rail injection. An advanced single cylinder test bed was fabricated as a laboratory tool in studying these advanced technologies. This test bed simulates the reciprocator for a system having no cooling system, turbo compounding, Rankine bottoming cycle, common rail injection, and variable valve actuation to achieve fuel consumption of 160 g/kW-hr (.26 lb/hp-hr). The advanced concepts were successfully integrated into the test engine. All ceramic components met their functional and reliability requirements. The firedeck, cast-in-place ports, valves, valve guides, piston cap, and piston ring were made from silicon nitride. Breakthroughs required to implement a 'ceramic' engine included the fabrication of air-gap cylinder heads, elimination of compression gaskets, machining of ceramic valve seats within the ceramic firedeck, fabrication of cast-in-place ceramic port liners, implementation of vapor phase lubrication, and elimination of the engine coolant system. Silicon nitride valves were successfully developed to meet several production abuse test requirements and incorporated into the test bed with a ceramic valve guide and solid film lubrication. The ADECD cylinder head features ceramic port shields to increase insulation and exhaust energy recovery. The combustion chamber includes a ceramic firedeck and piston cap. The tribological challenge posed by top ring reversal temperatures of 550 C was met through the development of vapor phase lubrication using tricresyl phosphate at the ring-liner interface. A solenoid-controlled, variable valve actuation system that eliminated the conventional camshaft was demonstrated on the test bed. High pressure fuel injection via a common rail system was also developed to reduce particulate emissions.

Kaushal, Tony S.; Weber, Karen E.

1994-11-01

409

Biomedical engineering tasks. [electrode development for electrocardiography and electroencephalography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electrocardiographic and vectorcardiographic bioinstrumentation work centered on the development of a new electrode system harness for Project Skylab. Evaluation of several silver electrode configurations proved superior impedance voltage performance for silver/silver chloride electrodes mounted flush by using a paste adhesive. A portable ECG processor has been designed and a breadboard unit has been built to sample ECG input data at a rate of 500 samples per second for arrhythmia detection. A small real time display driver program has been developed for statistical analysis on selected QPS features. Engineering work on a sleep monitoring cap assembly continued.

1972-01-01

410

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on National Aero-Space Plane (NASP) Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Six years ago, the Defense Science Board (DSB) initiated a review of the concept, technical basis, program content, and missions of the National Aerospace Plane (NASP) program. The report was completed in Sep. 1988, and the recommendations contributed to strengthening the technical efforts in the NASP program. Since then, substantial technological progress has been made in the technology development phase (Phase 2) of the program. Phase 2 of the program is currently scheduled to end in late Fiscal Year 1993, with a decision whether to proceed to the experimental flight vehicle phase (Phase 3) to be made at that time. This decision will be a very significant one for the Department of Defense (DoD) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). In February of this year, the DSB was chartered to revisit the NASP program to assess the degree to which the many technical challenges of the program have been resolved, or are likely to be resolved by the end of Phase 2.

1992-01-01

411

Propulsion Aeroelastic Analysis Developed for Flutter and Forced Response  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field develops new technologies to increase the fuel efficiency of aircraft engines, improve the safety of engine operation, reduce emissions, and reduce engine noise. With the development of new designs for fans, compressors, and turbines to achieve these goals, the basic aeroelastic requirements are that there should be no flutter (self-excited vibrations) or high resonant blade stresses (due to forced response) in the operating regime. Therefore, an accurate prediction and analysis capability is required to verify the aeroelastic soundness of the designs. Such a three-dimensional viscous propulsion aeroelastic analysis capability has been developed at Glenn with support from the Advanced Subsonic Technology (AST) program. This newly developed aeroelastic analysis capability is based on TURBO, a threedimensional unsteady aerodynamic Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes turbomachinery code developed previously under a grant from Glenn. TURBO can model the viscous flow effects that play an important role in certain aeroelastic problems such as flutter with flow separation, flutter at high loading conditions near the stall line (stall flutter), flutter in the presence of shock and boundary-layer interaction, and forced response due to wakes and shock impingement. In aeroelastic analysis, the structural dynamics representation of the blades is based on normal modes. A finite-element analysis code is used to calculate these in-vacuum vibration modes and the associated natural frequencies. In an aeroelastic analysis using the TURBO code, flutter and forced response are modeled as being uncoupled. To calculate if a blade row will flutter, one prescribes the motion of the blade to be a harmonic vibration in a specified in-vacuum normal mode. An aeroelastic analysis preprocessor is used to generate the displacement field required for the analysis. The work done by aerodynamic forces on the vibrating blade during a cycle of vibration is calculated. If this work is positive, the blade is dynamically unstable, since it will extract energy from the flow, leading to an increase in the blade s oscillation amplitude. The forced-response excitations on a blade row are calculated by modeling the flow through two adjacent blade rows using the TURBO code. The blades are assumed to be rigid. As an option, a single blade row can be modeled with the upstream blade row influence represented by a time-varying disturbance (gust) at the inlet boundary. The unsteady forces on a blade row from such analyses are used in a structural analysis along with the blade structural dynamics characteristics and aerodynamic damping associated with blade vibration to calculate the resulting dynamic stresses on the blade.

Bakhle, Milind A.

2000-01-01

412

Large-area sheet task advanced dendritic web growth development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Modeling in the development of low stress configurations for wide web growth is presented. Parametric sensitivity to identify design features which can be used for dynamic trimming of the furnace element was studied. Temperature measurements of experimental growth behavior led to modification in the growth system to improve lateral temperature distributions.

Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Mchugh, J. P.

1983-01-01

413

Development of Feedforward Control in a Dynamic Manual Tracking Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the development of feedforward control during manual tracking, 117 participants in 5 age groups (6 to 7, 8 to 9, 10 to 11, 12 to 14, and 15 to 17 years) tracked an accelerating dot presented on a monitor by moving an electronic pen on a digitizer. To remain successful at higher target velocities, they had to create a predictive model of…

van Roon, Dominique; Caeyenberghs, Karen; Swinnen, Stephan P.; Smits-Engelsman, Bouwien C. M.

2008-01-01

414

An assessment by the Statin Diabetes Safety Task Force: 2014 update.  

PubMed

Statin therapy reduces the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular death by 25% to 30% in primary as well as secondary prevention patients. Thus, statins are the pharmacologic therapy of choice for the management of high blood cholesterol levels. Prompted by examination of clinical trial data suggesting a modest, but statistically significant, increase in the incidence of new-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus with statin use, the US Food and Drug Administration in 2012 added a statement to the labels of statin medications indicating that increases in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) and fasting glucose levels have been reported with statin use. This labeling change has raised questions among clinicians regarding the relative benefits and risks of statin use, both among patients with diabetes mellitus and among those with diabetes risk factors. This 2014 report from the Diabetes Subpanel of the National Lipid Association Expert Panel on Statin Safety reviews the published evidence relating statin use to the hazard for diabetes mellitus or worsening glycemia, examines potential mechanisms that may mediate the relationship between statin use and diabetes mellitus risk, and suggests future research efforts. Given the well-established benefits of statin therapy in the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events among those with indications for treatment, no changes to clinical practice are recommended other than the measurement of HbA1C or fasting glucose in those deemed to also be at elevated diabetes risk after initiating statin therapy, and potentially before initiation in selected patients considered to be at elevated risk of developing diabetes. The panel advocates following recommendations from the American Diabetes Association, or other relevant guidelines if outside the United States, for screening and diagnosis as well as lifestyle modification for prevention or delay of diabetes mellitus in those with prediabetes or other risk factors. PMID:24793439

Maki, Kevin C; Ridker, Paul M; Brown, W Virgil; Grundy, Scott M; Sattar, Naveed; The Diabetes Subpanel of the National Lipid Association Expert Panel

2014-01-01

415

Swing-Leg Trajectory of Running Guinea Fowl Suggests Task-Level Priority of Force Regulation Rather than Disturbance Rejection  

PubMed Central

To achieve robust and stable legged locomotion in uneven terrain, animals must effectively coordinate limb swing and stance phases, which involve distinct yet coupled dynamics. Recent theoretical studies have highlighted the critical influence of swing-leg trajectory on stability, disturbance rejection, leg loading and economy of walking and running. Yet, simulations suggest that not all these factors can be simultaneously optimized. A potential trade-off arises between the optimal swing-leg trajectory for disturbance rejection (to maintain steady gait) versus regulation of leg loading (for injury avoidance and economy). Here we investigate how running guinea fowl manage this potential trade-off by comparing experimental data to predictions of hypothesis-based simulations of running over a terrain drop perturbation. We use a simple model to predict swing-leg trajectory and running dynamics. In simulations, we generate optimized swing-leg trajectories based upon specific hypotheses for task-level control priorities. We optimized swing trajectories to achieve i) constant peak force, ii) constant axial impulse, or iii) perfect disturbance rejection (steady gait) in the stance following a terrain drop. We compare simulation predictions to experimental data on guinea fowl running over a visible step down. Swing and stance dynamics of running guinea fowl closely match simulations optimized to regulate leg loading (priorities i and ii), and do not match the simulations optimized for disturbance rejection (priority iii). The simulations reinforce previous findings that swing-leg trajectory targeting disturbance rejection demands large increases in stance leg force following a terrain drop. Guinea fowl negotiate a downward step using unsteady dynamics with forward acceleration, and recover to steady gait in subsequent steps. Our results suggest that guinea fowl use swing-leg trajectory consistent with priority for load regulation, and not for steadiness of gait. Swing-leg trajectory optimized for load regulation may facilitate economy and injury avoidance in uneven terrain. PMID:24979750

Blum, Yvonne; Vejdani, Hamid R.; Birn-Jeffery, Aleksandra V.; Hubicki, Christian M.; Hurst, Jonathan W.; Daley, Monica A.

2014-01-01

416

Development of a high pressure micromechanical force apparatus.  

PubMed

The formation of gas hydrates and subsequent plugging of pipelines are risks that need to be well understood during the production and transportation of oil and gas in subsea flowlines. These flowlines are typically operating at low temperature and high pressure conditions, which are well within the hydrate formation stability region. One of the key processes for hydrate plugs to develop is the agglomeration of hydrates. To obtain a more comprehensive understanding on this problem, we have developed a high-pressure micromechanical force (MMF) apparatus to directly measure cohesive forces between gas hydrate particles. The MMF system is housed in a stainless steel vessel that can withstand pressures of up to 10 MPa, thereby facilitating studies on a broad spectrum of hydrate formers and conditions. The MMF apparatus comprises of two cantilever fibers: one is stationary and another is manipulated via a nano-manipulator. Water droplets (~500 ?m in diameter) are placed at the end of the each cantilever fiber so that they can be converted to hydrate. In order to demonstrate the stability of this apparatus, CH4/C2H6 (74.7 mol. %/25.3 mol. %) mixed hydrates were prepared at 2 MPa and -5?°C and annealed at 0?°C for 15 h. Subsequently, the hydrate particle cohesive force was measured at 2?°C. Compared with the cohesive force of cyclopentane hydrates in cyclopentane liquid (~4.3 mN/m), the average cohesive force of gas hydrates was about 10 times higher, ~43 mN/m. Studies using this new high pressure MMF apparatus will be central to better understand the agglomeration of hydrates in multiphase flowlines. PMID:25273785

Lee, Bo Ram; Koh, Carolyn A; Sum, Amadeu K

2014-09-01

417

Development of a high pressure micromechanical force apparatus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation of gas hydrates and subsequent plugging of pipelines are risks that need to be well understood during the production and transportation of oil and gas in subsea flowlines. These flowlines are typically operating at low temperature and high pressure conditions, which are well within the hydrate formation stability region. One of the key processes for hydrate plugs to develop is the agglomeration of hydrates. To obtain a more comprehensive understanding on this problem, we have developed a high-pressure micromechanical force (MMF) apparatus to directly measure cohesive forces between gas hydrate particles. The MMF system is housed in a stainless steel vessel that can withstand pressures of up to 10 MPa, thereby facilitating studies on a broad spectrum of hydrate formers and conditions. The MMF apparatus comprises of two cantilever fibers: one is stationary and another is manipulated via a nano-manipulator. Water droplets (˜500 ?m in diameter) are placed at the end of the each cantilever fiber so that they can be converted to hydrate. In order to demonstrate the stability of this apparatus, CH4/C2H6 (74.7 mol. %/25.3 mol. %) mixed hydrates were prepared at 2 MPa and -5 °C and annealed at 0 °C for 15 h. Subsequently, the hydrate particle cohesive force was measured at 2 °C. Compared with the cohesive force of cyclopentane hydrates in cyclopentane liquid (˜4.3 mN/m), the average cohesive force of gas hydrates was about 10 times higher, ˜43 mN/m. Studies using this new high pressure MMF apparatus will be central to better understand the agglomeration of hydrates in multiphase flowlines.

Lee, Bo Ram; Koh, Carolyn A.; Sum, Amadeu K.

2014-09-01

418

Large area sheet task: Advanced dendritic web growth development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growth of silicon dendritic web for photovoltaic applications was investigated. The application of a thermal model for calculating buckling stresses as a function of temperature profile in the web is discussed. Lid and shield concepts were evaluated to provide the data base for enhancing growth velocity. An experimental web growth machine which embodies in one unit the mechanical and electronic features developed in previous work was developed. In addition, evaluation of a melt level control system was begun, along with preliminary tests of an elongated crucible design. The economic analysis was also updated to incorporate some minor cost changes. The initial applications of the thermal model to a specific configuration gave results consistent with experimental observation in terms of the initiation of buckling vs. width for a given crystal thickness.

Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Mchugh, J. P.; Hopkins, R. H.; Meier, D.; Schruben, J.

1981-01-01

419

Large-area sheet task advanced dendritic web growth development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thermal models were developed that accurately predict the thermally generated stresses in the web crystal which, if too high, cause the crystal to degenerate. The application of the modeling results to the design of low-stress experimental growth configurations will allow the growth of wider web crystals at higher growth velocities. A new experimental web growth machine was constructed. This facility includes all the features necessary for carrying out growth experiments under steady thermal conditions. Programmed growth initiation was developed to give reproducible crystal starts. Width control permits the growth of long ribbons at constant width. Melt level is controlled to 0.1 mm or better. Thus, the capability exists to grow long web crystals of constant width and thickness with little operator intervention, and web growth experiments can now be performed with growth variables controlled to a degree not previously possible.

Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Mchugh, J. P.; Hopkins, R. H.; Meier, D. L.; Schruben, J.

1982-01-01

420

Paraho oil shale module. Site development plan, Task 4  

SciTech Connect

A management plan and schedule which covers all requirements for gaining access to the site and for conducting a Paraho Process demonstration program have been prepared. The oil shale available should represent a regional resource of suitable size and quality for commercial development. Discussed in this report are: proof of ownership; requirements for rights-of-way for access to the site; local zoning restrictions; water rights; site availability verification; and other legal requirements. (DMC)

Not Available

1981-10-01

421

Charting a Course: Social Studies for the 21st Century. A Report of the Curriculum Task Force of the National Commission on Social Studies in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report by the Curriculum Task Force represents its considered conclusion about general reform (K-12) of the social studies curriculum in the United States. It presents a balanced and comprehensive curriculum program adapted to the needs of present day society and suggests direction for the future. Part 1 discusses the recommended social…

American Historical Association, Washington, DC.

422

Nursing Education in High Blood Pressure Control. Report of the Task Force on the Role of Nursing in High Blood Pressure Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on high blood pressure (hypertension) for nursing educators has five sections: (1) Introduction and Objectives provides information regarding the establishment and objectives of the National Task Force on the Role of Nursing in High Blood Pressure Control and briefly discusses nursing's role in hypertension control; (2) Goals…

National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD. High Blood Pressure Information Center.

423

Review and Response to the Final Report of the National Black Health Providers Task Force on High Blood Pressure Education and Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's (NHLBI) review of and response to the final report of the National Black Health Providers Task Force on High Blood Pressure Education and Control. The response includes a statement of NHLBI's involvement in health research, and descriptions of what steps can be taken to solve the…

Public Health Service (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

424

Report of the Council for Exceptional Children's Task Force on Policy Issues Relating to the Management of Students with Communicable Diseases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How schools can effectively work with exceptional students who have communicable diseases was the focus of an eight-member Task Force appointed by the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) Governmental Relations Committee. Its report begins with an overview of existing guidelines and defines specific communicable diseases (Hepatitis B,…

Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.

425

REPORT ON ACTIVITY OF TASK FORCE 1 IN THE LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY PROGRAMME: DATA REGISTRY - GLOBAL LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY DATA RESOURCES  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents a summary of the findings of a report prepared by Task Force 1 of the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative on the available Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) databases around the world. An update of a previous summary prepared in May 2002 by Norris and Notten, the repor...

426

The Use and Management of the Electromagnetic Spectrum, Part I. President's Task Force on Communications Policy. Staff Paper Seven, Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff paper to the President's Task Force on Communications Policy analyses the use of the electromagnetic spectrum for communications and suggests improvements. The evolution of spectrum use and its present federal management are described together with the problem of achieving efficient use in the areas of electromagnetic congestion. Criticism…

Rostow, Eugene V.

427

Principles of Good Practice for Decision Analytic Modeling in HealthCare Evaluation: Report of the ISPOR Task Force on Good Research Practices—Modeling Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesMathematical modeling is used widely in economic evaluations of pharmaceuticals and other health-care technologies. Users of models in government and the private sector need to be able to evaluate the quality of models according to scientific criteria of good practice. This report describes the consensus of a task force convened to provide modelers with guidelines for conducting and reporting modeling

Milton C. Weinstein; Bernie O'Brien; John Hornberger; Joseph Jackson; Magnus Johannesson; Chris McCabe; Bryan R. Luce

2003-01-01

428

Development of a primary care physician task list to evaluate clinic visit workflow  

PubMed Central

Background Interventions designed to improve the delivery of primary care, including Patient-Centered Medical Homes and electronic health records, require an understanding of clinical workflow to be successfully implemented. However, there is a lack of tools to describe and study primary care physician workflow. We developed a comprehensive list of primary care physician tasks that occur during a face-to-face patient visit. Methods A validated list of tasks performed by primary care physicians during patient clinic visits was developed from a secondary data analysis of observation data from two studies evaluating primary care workflow. Thirty primary care physicians participated from a convenience sample of 17 internal medicine and family medicine clinics in Wisconsin and Iowa across rural and urban settings and community and academic settings. Results The final task list has 12 major tasks, 189 subtasks, and 191 total tasks. The major tasks are: Enter Room, Gather Information from Patient, Review Patient Information, Document Patient Information, Perform, Recommend / Discuss Treatment Options, Look Up, Order, Communicate, Print / Give Patient (advice, instructions), Appointment Wrap-up, and Leave Room. Additional subcodes note use of paper or EHR and the presence of a caregiver or medical student. Conclusions The task list presented here is a tool that will help clinics study their workflows so they can plan for changes that will take place because of EHR implementation and/or transformation to a patient centered medical home. PMID:21896667

Wetterneck, Tosha B; Lapin, Jamie A; Krueger, Daniel J; Holman, G Talley; Beasley, John W; Karsh, Ben-Tzion

2013-01-01

429

Bringing gay and lesbian activism to the White House: Midge Costanza and the National Gay Task Force Meeting.  

PubMed

In March 1977, President Carter's Assistant Margaret "Midge" Costanza made history by meeting with representatives from the National Gay Task Force (NGTF) to hear their grievances about discriminatory federal policies. The effects of the meeting were many, including changes in policies of the Bureau of Prisons and the Public Health Service. It also initiated policy discussions that would continue for decades and contributed to the incorporation of gay rights within the Democratic Party. Midge Costanza was fundamental to the process. It was her decision to hold the meeting and to advocate on behalf of the NGTF, and she bore many of the meeting's political costs. In this article we make use of Costanza's own papers and multiple interviews with her to closely analyze Costanza's role in the historic meeting. In addition to adding detail to its politics and policy impacts of the meeting, we also look at her complex motivations for holding such a controversial meeting. Costanza maintained until her death in 2010 that she was motivated by her feminism and overall commitment to social justice, rather than her own identity or experiences. PMID:23855947

Mattingly, Doreen J; Boyd, Ashley

2013-01-01

430

The M 7.7 Tocopilla earthquake and its aftershock sequence: deployment of a Task Force local network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After the November 14, 2007 Tocopilla earthquake in northern Chile, a local network of 20 short period seismic stations, 5 strong motion instruments, 6 GPS stations and 3 extensometers has been installed in the fault plane area between Tocopilla and Antofagasta by the German Task Force for earthquakes (GFZ Potsdam). The hydrogeology group of the TF sampled 20 thermal water sources in the area of the El Tatio geyser field, located about 170 km E of the epicentre. In collaboration with the IPG Paris, 4 broad band stations were deployed at the northern end of the fault plane between Tocopilla and Maria Elena. Major targets of the investigations of the aftershock sequence are the segment boundary between the 1995 Antofagasta earthquake and the recent Tocopilla event, stress transfer between both successively ruptured subduction zone segments, structural properties of the fault plane, possible consequences for the northern adjacent Iquique segment, and the influence of earthquake seismic waves on the El Tatio hydrothermal field. In our presentation we would like to show first results on the spatial distribution of the aftershocks and discuss these in relation to studies we have made on the Antofagasta aftershock sequence.

Sobiesiak, M.; Eggert, S.; Woith, H.; Grosser, H.; Peyrat, S.; Vilotte, J.; Medina, E.; Ruch, J.; Walter, T.; Victor, P.; Barrientos, S.; Gonzalez, G.

2008-05-01

431

Large-area sheet task advanced dendritic web growth development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The thermal models used for analyzing dendritic web growth and calculating the thermal stress were reexamined to establish the validity limits imposed by the assumptions of the models. Also, the effects of thermal conduction through the gas phase were evaluated and found to be small. New growth designs, both static and dynamic, were generated using the modeling results. Residual stress effects in dendritic web were examined. In the laboratory, new techniques for the control of temperature distributions in three dimensions were developed. A new maximum undeformed web width of 5.8 cm was achieved. A 58% increase in growth velocity of 150 micrometers thickness was achieved with dynamic hardware. The area throughput goals for transient growth of 30 and 35 sq cm/min were exceeded.

Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Mchugh, J. P.

1984-01-01

432

Scanning probe - atomic force microscopy: new developments and applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent developments in scanning probe microscopy (SPM) have widened the spectrum of possible investigations that can be performed at a nanometric level at the surfaces of materials. They range, for instance, from physical properties such as surface potential and electric field topological determination to chemical, nanomechanical, catalytic and spectroscopic analysis in air in liquid or in a gaseous environment. After a brief introduction to new SPM technological developments, we present recent achievements in the characterisation and application of nanomorphology, electrostatic surface potential, dielectric properties, shear force microscopy and radiofrequency measurements, scanning microwave microscopy, nanomechanical properties mapping, frequency modulation SPM in air, liquid, vacuum, and finally high-speed SPM.

Valdrè, G.; Moro, D.; Ulian, G.

2014-03-01

433

ATLAS Metadata Task Force  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of the metadata, which are needed to characterizeATLAS event data at different levels (a complete run, data streams within a run, luminosity blocks within a run, individual events).

ATLAS Collaboration; Costanzo, D.; Cranshaw, J.; Gadomski, S.; Jezequel, S.; Klimentov, A.; Lehmann Miotto, G.; Malon, D.; Mornacchi, G.; Nemethy, P.; Pauly, T.; von der Schmitt, H.; Barberis, D.; Gianotti, F.; Hinchliffe, I.; Mapelli, L.; Quarrie, D.; Stapnes, S.

2007-04-04

434

Development of Field Excavator with Embedded Force Measurement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A semi-intelligent excavation mechanism was developed for use with the NASA-built Centaur 2 rover prototype. The excavator features a continuously rotatable large bucket supported between two parallel arms, both of which share a single pivot axis near the excavator base attached to the rover. The excavator is designed to simulate the collection of regolith, such as on the Moon, and to dump the collected soil into a hopper up to one meter tall for processing to extract oxygen. Because the vehicle can be autonomous and the terrain is generally unknown, there is risk of damaging equipment or using excessive power when attempting to extract soil from dense or rocky terrain. To minimize these risks, it is critical for the rover to sense the digging forces and adjust accordingly. It is also important to understand the digging capabilities and limitations of the excavator. This paper discusses the implementation of multiple strain gages as an embedded force measurement system in the excavator's arms. These strain gages can accurately measure and resolve multi-axial forces on the excavator. In order to validate these sensors and characterize the load capabilities, a series of controlled excavation tests were performed at Glenn Research Center with the excavator at various depths and cut angles while supported by a six axis load cell. The results of these tests are both compared to a force estimation model and used for calibration of the embedded strain gages. In addition, excavation forces generated using two different types of bucket edge (straight vs. with teeth) were compared.

Johnson, K.; Creager, C.; Izadnegahdar, A.; Bauman, S.; Gallo, C.; Abel, P.

2012-01-01

435

Performance on an episodic encoding task yields further insight into functional brain development  

E-print Network

Performance on an episodic encoding task yields further insight into functional brain development August 2006 To further characterize changes in functional brain development that are associated in the direction predicted by the endpoint analysis. We conclude that the patterns of brain activation associated

436

The Development of Procedural Knowledge in Adults Engaged in a Tractor-Trailer Task.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied development of procedural knowledge in 14 adults, aged 18 to 35 years, engaged in a novel task using a toy tractor-trailer rig. Results revealed three phases of development in subjects' knowledge of steering procedures and the rig's movement patterns, and their use of feedback information. Subjects also manifested different levels of…

Moses, Nelson

1994-01-01

437

Development of Robotics Tools for Agricultural Task Achievement: The example of robot formation control  

E-print Network

Development of Robotics Tools for Agricultural Task Achievement: The example of robot formation have to be developed. Recent advances in off- road mobile robotics may bring to promising solution particularly looked for in this paper, multi-robot cooperation for field operations is investigated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

438

Mining and Minerals Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for mining occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from the mining industry, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated task list and defined job…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

439

Driver Education Task Analysis. Volume IV: The Development of Instructional Objectives. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the fourth in a series of four reports dealing with the development of performance-oriented driver education objectives through an analysis of the driver's tasks. Described in this volume are the methods used to develop a set of instructional objectives for driver education courses and an evaluation instrument for evaluating…

McKnight, A. James; Hundt, Alan G.

440

Definition and significance of polycystic ovarian morphology: a task force report from the Androgen Excess and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Society.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND The diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) relies on clinical, biological and morphological criteria. With the advent of ultrasonography, follicle excess has become the main aspect of polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM). Since 2003, most investigators have used a threshold of 12 follicles (measuring 2-9 mm in diameter) per whole ovary, but that now seems obsolete. An increase in ovarian volume (OV) and/or area may also be considered accurate markers of PCOM, yet their utility compared with follicle excess remains unclear. METHODS Published peer-reviewed medical literature about PCOM was searched using PubMed.gov online facilities and was submitted to critical assessment by a panel of experts. Studies reporting antral follicle counts (AFC) or follicle number per ovary (FNPO) using transvaginal ultrasonography in healthy women of reproductive age were also included. Only studies that reported the mean or median AFC or FNPO of follicles measuring 2-9 mm, 2-10 mm or <10 mm in diameter, or visualized all follicles, were included. RESULTS Studies addressing women recruited from the general population and studies comparing control and PCOS populations with appropriate statistics were convergent towards setting the threshold for increased FNPO at ?25 follicles, in women aged 18-35 years. These studies suggested maintaining the threshold for increased OV at ?10 ml. Critical analysis of the literature showed that OV had less diagnostic potential for PCOM compared with FNPO. The review did not identify any additional diagnostic advantage for other ultrasound metrics such as specific measurements of ovarian stroma or blood flow. Even though serum concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) showed a diagnostic performance for PCOM that was equal to or better than that of FNPO in some series, the accuracy and reproducibility issues of currently available AMH assays preclude the establishment of a threshold value for its use as a surrogate marker of PCOM. PCOM does not associate with significant consequences for health in the absence of other symptoms of PCOS but, because of the use of inconsistent definitions of PCOM among studies, this question cannot be answered with absolute certainty. CONCLUSIONS The Task Force recommends using FNPO for the definition of PCOM setting the threshold at ?25, but only when using newer technology that affords maximal resolution of ovarian follicles (i.e. transducer frequency ?8 MHz). If such technology is not available, we recommend using OV rather than FNPO for the diagnosis of PCOM for routine daily practice but not for research studies that require the precise full characterization of patients. The Task Force recognizes the still unmet need for standardization of the follicle counting technique and the need for regularly updating the thresholds used to define follicle excess, particularly in diverse populations. Serum AMH concentration generated great expectations as a surrogate marker for the follicle excess of PCOM, but full standardization of AMH assays is needed before they can be routinely used for clinical practice and research. Finally, the finding of PCOM in ovulatory women not showing clinical or biochemical androgen excess may be inconsequential, even though some studies suggest that isolated PCOM may represent the milder end of the PCOS spectrum. PMID:24345633

Dewailly, Didier; Lujan, Marla E; Carmina, Enrico; Cedars, Marcelle I; Laven, Joop; Norman, Robert J; Escobar-Morreale, Héctor F

2014-01-01

441

Interim President R. Bowen Loftin requested that the Task Force on Enlightened and Shared Governance continue to pursue its initial charge from former President Elsa A. Murano to: clarify and reach consensus on the definition of enlightened and  

E-print Network

Interim President R. Bowen Loftin requested that the Task Force on Enlightened and Shared consensus on the definition of enlightened and shared governance; assess the current status of enlightened of enlightened and shared governance for our University. The task force would like to share its working draft

442

Inclusion of higher order terms for small-signal (modal) analysis: committee report-task force on assessing the need to include higher order terms for small-signal (modal) analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the work done by the Task Force on Assessing the Need to Include Higher Order Terms for Small-Signal (Modal) Analysis. This Task Force was created by the Power System Dynamic Performance Committee to investigate the need to include higher order terms for small signal (modal) analysis. The focus of the work reported here is on establishing and

J. J. Sanchez-Gasca; V. Vittal; M. J. Gibbard; A. R. Messina; D. J. Vowles; S. Liu; U. D. Annakkage

2005-01-01

443

Development of a 5-DOF force feedback laparoscopic interface for simulation and telesurgery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laparoscopic surgery reduces recovery time and risk of complications over conventional methods for abdominal procedures, making it particularly suited to battlefield medicine. However, laparoscopy challenges the surgeon to work under many limitations: motion is reflected about the trocar; access inside the body is restricted; visual feedback is generally only 2D; and haptic, or touch, information is reduced. As such, the importance of training for developing sensitivity to the existing haptic cues becomes apparent, and the problem arises of how to distribute the services of relatively few highly trained surgeons to widespread battlefield locations. A force- feedback haptic interface can play a critical role in both of these functions, providing realistic or enhanced sensations to a laparoscopy simulator or a telesurgery system. The work described here was directed at continuing the work of earlier force-feedback systems, which provide up to the first three degrees of freedom (DOF) in laparoscopy (pitch, yaw, and insertion relative to the trocar), toward creating a complete and high-fidelity haptic interface. Careful requirements analysis using data from surgeon interviews, operating room observations, and task analyses, was the basis for specifying the technical attributes and configuration of the new system. The resulting interface offers the surgeon real laparoscopic tools with force feedback to all five degrees of freedom in laparoscopy, using a lifelike torso in which trocar location is easily changed. A light and compact 2-DOF device was developed to supplement one of the available 3-DOF devices, providing the additional forces in tool rotation and gripper feedback. Next year, the system will be integrated into a software stimulation currently in development at the Center for Minimally Invasive Therapy (CIMIT).

Ben-Ur, Ela; Salisbury, J. Kenneth, Jr.

2000-08-01

444

Health plan implementation of U.S. Preventive Services Task Force A and B recommendations--Colorado, 2010.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is aimed at expanding access to health care and lowering cost barriers to seeking and receiving care, particularly high-value preventive care. The legislation requires Medicare and all qualified commercial health plans (except grandfathered individual and employer-sponsored plans) to cover routine preventive services graded A and B by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) at no cost to the consumer, along with recommended immunizations and additional preventive care and screenings for women. In 2009, Colorado passed a law with similar USPTF A and B service coverage requirements. To determine how Colorado health plans had interpreted the state and federal law, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) interviewed representatives of commercial health plans serving Colorado residents. The results of those interviews indicated that different health plans interpreted certain USPSTF recommendations differently, including tobacco screening and pharmacotherapy, colorectal cancer screening, and obesity screening and counseling. One health plan communicated the scope, eligibility criteria, and content of the new preventive services coverage to its members or providers. The differences in interpretation of the USPSTF recommendations and limited communication to consumers or health-care providers in Colorado might be repeated in other states. To ensure optimal consumer and health-care provider utilization of preventive service benefits, the preventive services supported by USPSTF A and B recommendations should be clearly defined in health plan benefit language, with processes put in place for consistent implementation and eligibility criteria communicated to both consumers and providers. The experience in Colorado shows that public health organizations can play a key role in successfully implementing PPACA prevention services provisions. PMID:21976117

2011-10-01

445

Development of Postural Control during Gait in Typically Developing Children: The Effects of Dual-task Conditions  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate the typical development of postural control in younger (5–6 yrs) and older (7–16 yrs) children (YTD and OTD) during two gait tasks, including level walking and obstacle-crossing, using a dual-task paradigm, and to compare the results of the children’s performance with that of healthy young adults (HYA). Our findings revealed that gait control in typical children requires attentional resources to maintain stability. Moreover, dual-task interference was less in HYA compared to YTD and OTD. Gait performance decrements in the dual-task context were greater in YTD compared to OTD, whereas cognitive performance decrements in YTD and OTD were similar. In addition, dual-tasking affected cognitive performance more in YTD when gait task difficulty was increased. Results suggest a developmental trend in attentional resources used to control gait in typical children. Postural control during gait under dual-task conditions was improved when children were more mature, as attentional resources increased with age. PMID:22133755

Boonyong, Sujitra; Siu, Ka-Chun; van Donkelaar, Paul; Chou, Li-Shan; Woollacott, Marjorie H.

2011-01-01

446

Development of postural control during gait in typically developing children: the effects of dual-task conditions.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the typical development of postural control in younger (5-6 yrs) and older (7-16 yrs) children (YTD and OTD) during two gait tasks, including level walking and obstacle-crossing, using a dual-task paradigm, and to compare the results of the children's performance with that of healthy young adults (HYA). Our findings revealed that gait control in typical children requires attentional resources to maintain stability. Moreover, dual-task interference was less in HYA compared to YTD and OTD. Gait performance decrements in the dual-task context were greater in YTD compared to OTD, whereas cognitive performance decrements in YTD and OTD were similar. In addition, dual-tasking affected cognitive performance more in YTD when gait task difficulty was increased. Results suggest a developmental trend in attentional resources used to control gait in typical children. Postural control during gait under dual-task conditions was improved when children were more mature, as attentional resources increased with age. PMID:22133755

Boonyong, Sujitra; Siu, Ka-Chun; van Donkelaar, Paul; Chou, Li-Shan; Woollacott, Marjorie H

2012-03-01

447

A task-oriented modular and agent-based collaborative design mechanism for distributed product development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid expansion of enterprises makes product collaborative design (PCD) a critical issue under the distributed heterogeneous environment, but as the collaborative task of large-scale network becomes more complicated, neither unified task decomposition and allocation methodology nor Agent-based network management platform can satisfy the increasing demands. In this paper, to meet requirements of PCD for distributed product development, a collaborative design mechanism based on the thought of modularity and the Agent technology is presented. First, the top-down 4-tier process model based on task-oriented modular and Agent is constructed for PCD after analyzing the mapping relationships between requirements and functions in the collaborative design. Second, on basis of sub-task decomposition for PCD based on a mixed method, the mathematic model of task-oriented modular based on multi-objective optimization is established to maximize the module cohesion degree and minimize the module coupling degree, while considering the module executable degree as a restriction. The mathematic model is optimized and simulated by the modified PSO, and the decomposed modules are obtained. Finally, the Agent structure model for collaborative design is put forward, and the optimism matching Agents are selected by using similarity algorithm to implement different task-modules by the integrated reasoning and decision-making mechanism with the behavioral model of collaborative design Agents. With the results of experimental studies for automobile collaborative design, the feasibility and efficiency of this methodology of task-oriented modular and Agent-based collaborative design in the distributed heterogeneous environment are verified. On this basis, an integrative automobile collaborative R&D platform is developed. This research provides an effective platform for automobile manufacturing enterprises to achieve PCD, and helps to promote product numeralization collaborative R&D and management development.

Liu, Jinfei; Chen, Ming; Wang, Lei; Wu, Qidi

2014-05-01

448

Development and evaluation of a predictive algorithm for telerobotic task complexity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There is a wide range of complexity in the various telerobotic servicing tasks performed in subsea, space, and hazardous material handling environments. Experience with telerobotic servicing has evolved into a knowledge base used to design tasks to be 'telerobot friendly.' This knowledge base generally resides in a small group of people. Written documentation and requirements are limited in conveying this knowledge base to serviceable equipment designers and are subject to misinterpretation. A mathematical model of task complexity based on measurable task parameters and telerobot performance characteristics would be a valuable tool to designers and operational planners. Oceaneering Space Systems and TRW have performed an independent research and development project to develop such a tool for telerobotic orbital replacement unit (ORU) exchange. This algorithm was developed to predict an ORU exchange degree of difficulty rating (based on the Cooper-Harper rating used to assess piloted operations). It is based on measurable parameters of the ORU, attachment receptacle and quantifiable telerobotic performance characteristics (e.g., link length, joint ranges, positional accuracy, tool lengths, number of cameras, and locations). The resulting algorithm can be used to predict task complexity as the ORU parameters, receptacle parameters, and telerobotic characteristics are varied.

Gernhardt, M. L.; Hunter, R. C.; Hedgecock, J. C.; Stephenson, A. G.

1993-01-01

449

Task IV: Development of Circumferential Inlet Distortion through a Representative Eleven Stage High-speed Axial Compressor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concepts and the procedure developed in Task I and Task III were used to determine the response of an eleven-stage high-speed compressor to an inlet distortion of 180 deg. circumferential extent for contrasting against its performance under uniform inlet flow. Using the computed results at the inlet to and outlet of the compressor, the computed total pressure ratio and efficiency for the clean condition are determined to be 14.22 and 76.9 percent respectively. As for the distorted case, these are determined to be 10.35 and 71.8 percent respectively, showing deterioration 76.9 percent vs 71.8 percent). The physical consistency of the computed flow field was assessed as a means of demonstrating the applicability and utility of the body force representation for inlet distortion computations. Specifically the computed evolution of the distorted pattern in static pressure and total pressure from compressor inlet to exit is examined. For the eleven-stage compressor examined here, the deterioration in performance has been found to be particularly severe in the last 2 stages. This suggests that the last two stages could be redesigned to alleviate the observed deterioration thus making the compressor performance insensitive to circumferential inlet distortion. This can potentially be accomplished by first determining what should the body force distribution of the last two stages should be to achieve minimal or no deterioration in performance in the last two stages. One can then in principle proceed to determine the blade design to yield such a body force distribution.

Tan, Choon-Sooi; Suder, Kenneth (Technical Monitor)

2003-01-01

450

Guidelines for Guidelines: Are They Up to the Task? A Comparative Assessment of Clinical Practice Guideline Development Handbooks  

PubMed Central

Objectives We conducted a comparative review of clinical practice guideline development handbooks. We aimed to identify the main guideline development tasks, assign weights to the importance of each task using expert opinions and identify the handbooks that provided a comprehensive coverage of the tasks. Methods We systematically searched and included handbooks published (in English language) by national, international or professional bodies responsible for evidenced-based guideline development. We reviewed the handbooks to identify the main guideline development tasks and scored each handbook for each task from 0 (the handbook did not mention the task) to 2 (the task suitably addressed and explained), and calculated a weighted score for each handbook. The tasks included in over 75% of the handbooks were considered as ‘necessary’ tasks. Result Nineteen guideline development handbooks and twenty seven main tasks were identified. The guideline handbooks’ weighted scores ranged from 100 to 220. Four handbooks scored over 80% of the maximum possible score, developed by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, Swiss Centre for International Health, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and World Health Organization. Necessary tasks were: selecting the guideline topic, determining the guideline scope, identifying relevant existing guidelines, involving the consumers, forming guideline development group,, developing clinical questions, systematic search for evidence, selecting relevant evidence, appraising identifies research evidence, making group decision, grading available evidence, creating recommendations, final stakeholder consultation, guideline implementation strategies, updating recommendations and correcting potential errors. Discussion Adequate details for evidence based development of guidelines were still lacking from many handbooks. The tasks relevant to ethical issues and piloting were missing in most handbooks. The findings help decision makers in identifying the necessary tasks for guideline development, provide an updated comparative list of guideline development handbooks, and provide a checklist to assess the comprehensiveness of guideline development processes. PMID:23189167

Ansari, Shabnam; Rashidian, Arash

2012-01-01

451

Air Force Satellite Control Network and SDI development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN) represents a military, worldwide network of control centers and remote tracking sites (RTS). A relatively large and growing constellation of DOD satellites is supported. The near term and long term plans for the AFSCN are discussed, taking into account also the impact of the Space Defense Initiative (SDI) on the AFSCN. It is pointed out that the SDI adds a new dimension to the support provided by the AFSCN to the DOD satellites, because some SDI scenarios being considered include many more satellite platforms, each containing multiple kinetic energy weapons. Space-ground link sites are discussed along with AFSCN control sites, and communication between RTS and control centers. Attention is given to changing roles and responsibilities, the Satellite Test Center (STC) as an excellent site for the R and D phase of SDI development, and an operational concept for a highly proliferated weapons platforms architecture, and goals of developing more survivable satellite systems.

Bleier, T.

452

76 FR 39392 - Record of Decision for the F-35 Force Development Evaluation and Weapons School Beddown, Nellis...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEFENSE Department of the Air Force Record of Decision for the F-35 Force Development Evaluation and Weapons School Beddown...24, 2011, the United States Air Force signed the ROD for the F-35 Force Development Evaluation (FDE) and Weapons...

2011-07-06

453

Physiotherapy for adult patients with critical illness: recommendations of the European Respiratory Society and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine Task Force on Physiotherapy for Critically Ill Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Task Force reviewed and discussed the available literature on the effectiveness of physiotherapy for acute and chronic\\u000a critically ill adult patients. Evidence from randomized controlled trials or meta-analyses was limited and most of the recommendations\\u000a were level C (evidence from uncontrolled or nonrandomized trials, or from observational studies) and D (expert opinion). However,\\u000a the following evidence-based targets for physiotherapy

R. Gosselink; J. Bott; M. Johnson; E. Dean; S. Nava; M. Norrenberg; B. Schönhofer; K. Stiller; H. van de Leur; J. L. Vincent

2008-01-01

454

Influence of comorbidities in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus - research and clinical care. A report of the ISHCSF task force on comorbidities in INPH.  

PubMed

Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) is a syndrome of ventriculomegaly, gait impairment, cognitive decline and incontinence that occurs in an elderly population prone to many types of comorbidities. Identification of the comorbidities is thus an important part of the clinical management of INPH patients. In 2011, a task force was appointed by the International Society for Hydrocephalus and Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders (ISHCSF) with the objective to compile an evidence-based expert analysis of what we know and what we need to know regarding comorbidities in INPH. This article is the final report of the task force. The expert panel conducted a comprehensive review of the literature. After weighing the evidence, the various proposals were discussed and the final document was approved by all the task force members and represents a consensus of expert opinions. Recommendations regarding the following topics are given: I. Musculoskeletal conditions; II. Urinary problems; III. Vascular disease including risk factors, Binswanger disease, and white matter hyperintensities; IV. Mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease including biopsies; V. Other dementias (frontotemporal dementia, Lewy body, Parkinson); VI. Psychiatric and behavioral disorders; VII. Brain imaging; VIII. How to investigate and quantify. The task force concluded that comorbidity can be an important predictor of prognosis and post-operative outcome in INPH. Reported differences in outcomes among various INPH cohorts may be partly explained by variation in the rate and types of comorbidities at different hydrocephalus centers. Identification of comorbidities should thus be a central part of the clinical management of INPH where a detailed history, physical examination, and targeted investigations are the basis for diagnosis and grading. Future INPH research should focus on the contribution of comorbidity to overall morbidity, mortality and long-term outcomes. PMID:23758953

Malm, Jan; Graff-Radford, Neill R; Ishikawa, Masatsune; Kristensen, Bo; Leinonen, Ville; Mori, Etsuro; Owler, Brian K; Tullberg, Mats; Williams, Michael A; Relkin, Norman R

2013-01-01

455

Social Class Differences and Task Variables in the Development of Multiplicative Classification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the development of multiplicative classification skills in lower class black and middle class white children on tasks which contain either three-dimensional objects or two-dimensional pictorial representations of the same objects. Multiplicative classification refers to the simultaneous classification of objects into two or…

Overton, Willis; Wagner, Janis

456

Development of the Biology Card Sorting Task to Measure Conceptual Expertise in Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are widespread aspirations to focus undergraduate biology education on teaching students to think conceptually like biologists; however, there is a dearth of assessment tools designed to measure progress from novice to expert biological conceptual thinking. We present the development of a novel assessment tool, the Biology Card Sorting Task,…

Smith, Julia I.; Combs, Elijah D.; Nagami, Paul H.; Alto, Valerie M.; Goh, Henry G.; Gourdet, Muryam A. A.; Hough, Christina M.; Nickell, Ashley E.; Peer, Adrian G.; Coley, John D.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2013-01-01

457

Cognitive Developmental Level Gender, and the Development of Learned Helplessness on Mathematical Calculation and Reasoning Tasks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to test whether a learned helplessness treatment would decrease performance on mathematical tasks and to extend learned helplessness findings to include the cognitive development dimension. Results showed no differential advantages to either sex in resisting effects of learned helplessness or in benefiting from strategy…

Monaco, Nanci M.; Gentile, J. Ronald

1987-01-01

458

Job Tasks Performed by Career Preparation System Administrators in One Midwestern State: Implications for Leadership Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need to prepare new leaders in Career and Technical Education due to retirements and because the job demands have changed over the years. In order to verify the curriculum for leadership development programs, a study was conducted to measure the importance and frequency of job tasks performed by Career Preparation System administrators…

VanderMolen, Julia; Zinzer, Richard

2009-01-01

459

Probing behavioral responses to food: development of a food-specific go/no-go task.  

PubMed

The ability to exert self-control in the face of appetitive, alluring cues is a critical component of healthy development. The development of behavioral measures that use disease-relevant stimuli can greatly improve our understanding of cue-specific impairments in self-control. To produce such a tool relevant to the study of eating and weight disorders, we modified the traditional go/no-go task to include food and non-food targets. To confirm that performance on this new task was consistent with other go/no-go tasks, it was given to 147 healthy, normal weight volunteers between the ages of 5 and 30. High-resolution photos of food or toys were used as the target and nontarget stimuli. Consistent with expectations, overall improvements in accuracy were seen from childhood to adulthood. Participants responded more quickly and made more commission errors to food cues compared to nonfood cues (F(1,140)=21.76, P<0.001), although no behavioral differences were seen between low- and high-calorie food cues for this non-obese, healthy developmental sample. This novel food-specific go/no-go task may be used to track the development of self-control in the context of food cues and to evaluate deviations or deficits in the development of this ability in individuals at risk for eating problem behaviors and disorders. PMID:24909971

Teslovich, Theresa; Freidl, Eve K; Kostro, Katrina; Weigel, Julia; Davidow, Juliet Y; Riddle, Megan C; Helion, Chelsea; Dreyfuss, Michael; Rosenbaum, Michael; Walsh, B Timothy; Casey, Betty Jo; Mayer, Laurel

2014-09-30

460

The Design of Tasks in Support of Teachers' Development of Coherent Mathematical Meanings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine the role of tasks that have the intended effect of teachers re-conceiving the mathematics they teach as comprising a coherent body of meaningful ideas. We ground our discussion in ideas of trigonometry and modular functions and draw from a professional development research project to illustrate our approach. In this project, many…

Thompson, Patrick W.; Carlson, Marilyn P.; Silverman, Jason

2007-01-01

461

Engineering development of selective agglomeration: Task 5, Bench- scale process testing  

SciTech Connect

Under the overall objectives of DOE Contract Engineering Development of Selective Agglomeration,'' there were a number of specific objectives in the Task 5 program. The prime objectives of Task 5 are highlighted below: (1) Maximize process performance in pyritic sulfur rejection and BTU recovery, (2) Produce a low ash product, (3) Compare the performance of the heavy agglomerant process based on diesel and the light agglomerant process using heptane, (4) Define optimum processing conditions for engineering design, (5) Provide first-level evaluation of product handleability, and (6) Explore and investigate process options/ideas which may enhance process performance and/or product handleability.

Not Available

1991-09-01

462

Engineering development of selective agglomeration: Task 5, Bench- scale process testing  

SciTech Connect

Under the overall objectives of DOE Contract ``Engineering Development of Selective Agglomeration,`` there were a number of specific objectives in the Task 5 program. The prime objectives of Task 5 are highlighted below: (1) Maximize process performance in pyritic sulfur rejection and BTU recovery, (2) Produce a low ash product, (3) Compare the performance of the heavy agglomerant process based on diesel and the light agglomerant process using heptane, (4) Define optimum processing conditions for engineering design, (5) Provide first-level evaluation of product handleability, and (6) Explore and investigate process options/ideas which may enhance process performance and/or product handleability.

Not Available

1991-09-01

463

Effect of the 2010 task force criteria on reclassification of cardiovascular magnetic resonance criteria for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy  

PubMed Central

Background We sought to evaluate the effect of application of the revised 2010 Task Force Criteria (TFC) on the prevalence of major and minor Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) criteria for Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) versus application of the original 1994 TFC. We also assessed the utility of MRI to identify alternative diagnoses for patients referred for ARVC evaluation. Methods 968 consecutive patients referred to our institution for CMR with clinical suspicion of ARVC from 1995 to 2010, were evaluated for the presence of major and minor CMR criteria per the 1994 and 2010 ARVC TFC. CMR criteria included right ventricle (RV) dilatation, reduced RV ejection fraction, RV aneurysm, or regional RV wall motion abnormalities. When quantitative measures of RV size and function were not available, and in whom abnormal size or function was reported, a repeat quantitative analysis by 2 qualified CMR physicians in consensus. Results Of 968 patients, 220 (22.7%) fulfilled either a major or a minor 1994 TFC, and 25 (2.6%) fulfilled any of the 2010 TFC criterion. Among patients meeting any 1994 criteria, only 25 (11.4%) met at least one 2010 criterion. All patients who fulfilled a 2010 criteria also satisfied at least one 1994 criterion. Per the 2010 TFC, 21 (2.2%) patients met major criteria and 4 (0.4%) patients fulfilled at least one minor criterion. Eight patients meeting 1994 minor criteria were reclassified as satisfying 2010 major criteria, while 4 patients fulfilling 1994 major criteria were reclassified to only minor or no criteria under the 2010 TFC. Eighty-nine (9.2%) patients had alternative cardiac diagnoses, including 43 (4.4%) with clinically significant potential ARVC mimics. These included cardiac sarcoidosis, RV volume overload conditions, and other cardiomyopathies. Conclusions Application of the 2010 TFC resulted in reduction of total patients meeting any diagnostic CMR criteria for ARVC from 22.7% to 2.6% versus the 1994 TFC. CMR identified alternative cardiac diagnoses in 9.2% of patients, and 4.4% of the diagnoses were potential mimics of ARVC. PMID:24996808

2014-01-01

464

Development of a body force description for compressor stability assessment  

E-print Network

This thesis presents a methodology for a body force description of a compressor with particular application to compressor stability calculations. The methodology is based on extracting blade forces from an axisymmetric ...

Kiwada, George (George Ford)

2008-01-01

465

Development of compact magnet for high magnetic force  

Microsoft Academic Search

A high magnetic force is useful for levitating diamagnetic or magnetic materials. The magnetic force is proportional to the product of B and dB\\/dz. Here the product is called the magnetic force Held. Normally, a high magnetic force field is available only with 20 T class magnets in a few, high-field magnet facilities worldwide. We therefore anticipate realizing zero gravity

Kazutomi Miyoshi; Hitoshi Shimizu; Shin-ichiro Meguro; Hisamichi Uetake; Noriyuki Hirota; Koichi Kitazawa

2002-01-01

466

Interaction of Rate of Force Development and Duration of Rate in Isometric Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study attempted to determine whether force and duration parameters are programmed in an interactive or independent fashion prior to executing ballistic type isometric contractions of graded intensities. Four adult females each performed 360 trials of producing ballistic type forces representing 25, 40, 55, and 75 percent of their maximal…

Siegel, Donald

467

28 CFR 16.135 - Exemptions of Executive Office for Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Forces Systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...INFORMATION Exemption of Records Systems Under the Privacy...Office for Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task...following systems of records are exempt from...witnesses, and potential crime victims. Access to records could also result...

2014-07-01

468

Household task participation of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy, Down syndrome and typical development.  

PubMed

This cross-sectional study compared patterns of household task participation (e.g., performance, assistance and independence) of youth with cerebral palsy (CP), Down syndrome (DS) and typical development (TD). Parents of 75 children and adolescents were interviewed to report on their youths' active engagement in daily self-care and family-care tasks, using the children helping out: responsibilities, expectations and supports (CHORES) questionnaire. Groups were equivalent in age (mean=9.3 years; SD=2.2 years), sex (male=39; female=36), respondent education, presence of maid, and number of siblings at home, but differed on child cognitive function and family socioeconomic status, with the DS and the CP groups scoring lower than the TD group but not different from each other. ANOVA revealed group differences on CHORES performance of self-care tasks (p=0.004), on total participation score (p=0.04) and on assistance scores (p<0.02). Post hoc comparisons showed that TD group scored higher than CP and DS groups on performance and assistance in self-care tasks and total assistance; TD and CP groups were similar on total performance and assistance in family-care tasks. The groups also differed on independence indices; the TD index was greater than the CP and DS, and the CP index was greater than the DS. Parents from the three groups did not differ on ratings of importance regarding their children's household participation (p=0.416). In spite of observed differences, children and adolescents with CP and DS are actively engaged in daily self-care and family-care tasks; their participation at home is not prevented by the presence of their disabilities. PMID:24355162

Amaral, Maíra Ferreira do; Drummond, Adriana de França; Coster, Wendy J; Mancini, Marisa Cotta

2014-02-01

469

The strategy for improving water-quality monitoring in the United States; final report of the Intergovernmental Task Force on Monitoring Water Quality; technical appendices  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Intergovernmental Task Force on Monitoring Water Quality (ITFM) prepared this report in collaboration with representatives of all levels of government and the private sector. The report recommends a strategy for nationwide water-quality monitoring and technical monitoring improvements to support sound water-quality decisionmaking. The strategy is intended to achieve a better return on public and private investments in monitoring, environmental protection, and natural resources management. It is also designed to expand the base of information useful to a variety of users at multiple geographic scales. Institutional and technical changes are needed to improve water-quality monitoring and to meet the full range of monitoring requirements. Monitoring must be incorporated as a critical element of program planning, implementation, and evaluation. The strategy includes recommendations in many key elements, such as the development of goal-oriented monitoring and indicators, institutional collaboration, and methods comparability. Initial actions have been taken to implement the strategy. Several Federal agencies have jointly purchased and shared remotely sensed land-cover information needed for water assessment. Major agency data systems are using common data-element names and reference tables that will ensure easy sharing of data. A number of States have held meetings with collectors of water information to initiate statewide monitoring strategies. New monitoring guidance has been developed for Federal water-quality grants to States. Many State offices have changed monitoring programs to place emphasis on priority watersheds and to improve assessment of water quality. As the competition increases for adequate supplies of clean water, concerns about public health and the environment escalate, and more demands are placed on the water information infrastructure. To meet these demands, the collaborative approach has already produced benefits, which will continue to grow as the recommendations are implemented

Intergovernmental Task Force on Monitoring Water Quality

1995-01-01

470

Contributions of developed and developing countries to global climate forcing and surface temperature change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the relative contributions of individual countries to global climate change for different time periods is essential for mitigation strategies that seek to hold nations accountable for their historical emissions. Previous assessments of this kind have compared countries by their greenhouse gas emissions, but have yet to consider the full spectrum of the short-lived gases and aerosols. In this study, we use the radiative forcing of anthropogenic emissions of long-lived greenhouse gases, ozone precursors, aerosols, and from albedo changes from land cover change together with a simple climate model to evaluate country contributions to climate change. We assess the historical contribution of each country to global surface temperature change from anthropogenic forcing ( ? Ts), future ? Ts through year 2100 given two different emissions scenarios, and the ? Ts that each country has committed to from past activities between 1850 and 2010 (committed ? Ts). By including forcings in addition to the long-lived greenhouse gases the contribution of developed countries, particularly the United States, to ? Ts from 1850 to 2010 (58%) is increased compared to an assessment of CO2-equivalent emissions for the same time period (52%). Contributions to committed ? Ts evaluated at year 2100, dominated by long-lived greenhouse gas forcing, are more evenly split between developed and developing countries (55% and 45%, respectively). The portion of anthropogenic ? Ts attributable to developing countries is increasing, led by emissions from China and India, and we estimate that this will surpass the contribution from developed countries around year 2030.

Ward, D. S.; Mahowald, N. M.

2014-07-01

471

Design, development, and dynamic characterization of multi-axis force sensing composite footpad  

E-print Network

Accurate ground reaction force measurements are important for the development, implementation, and control of high speed legged locomotion robots. From previous research studies, a composite force sensing footpad has been ...

Zhang, Guangtao, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01

472

High temperature static strain gage development contract, tasks 1 and 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results are presented for the first two tasks to develop resistive strain gage systems for use up to 1250 K on blades and vanes in gas turbine engines under tests. The objective of these two tasks was to further improve and evaluate two static strain gage alloys identified as candidates in a previous program. Improved compositions were not found for either alloy. Further efforts on the Fe-11.9Al-10.6Cr weigth percent alloy were discontinued because of time dependent drift problems at 1250 K in air. When produced as a 6.5 micrometer thick sputtered film, the Pd-13Cr weight percent alloys is not sufficiently stable for this use in air at 1250 K and a protective overcoat system will need to be developed.

Hulse, C. O.; Bailey, R. S.; Grant, H. P.; Przybyszewski, J. S.

1987-01-01

473

Hawaii Energy Strategy Project 2: Fossil Energy Review. Task IV. Scenario development and analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) Program is a seven-project effort led by the State of Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism (DBEDT) to investigate a wide spectrum of Hawaii energy issues. The East-West Center`s Program on Resources: Energy and Minerals, has been assigned HES Project 2, Fossil Energy Review, which focuses on fossil energy use in Hawaii and the greater regional and global markets. HES Project 2 has four parts: Task I (World and Regional Fossil Energy Dynamics) covers petroleum, natural gas, and coal in global and regional contexts, along with a discussion of energy and the environment. Task II (Fossil Energy in Hawaii) focuses more closely on fossil energy use in Hawaii: current utilization and trends, the structure of imports, possible future sources of supply, fuel substitutability, and energy security. Task III`s emphasis is Greenfield Options; that is, fossil energy sources not yet used in Hawaii. This task is divided into two sections: first, an in-depth {open_quotes}Assessment of Coal Technology Options and Implications for the State of Hawaii,{close_quotes} along with a spreadsheet analysis model, which was subcontracted to the Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Division of Argonne National Laboratory; and second, a chapter on liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the Asia-Pacific market and the issues surrounding possible introduction of LNG into the Hawaii market.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Breazeale, K. [ed.

1993-12-01

474

Personal and task-related moderators of leader-member exchange among software developers.  

PubMed

Although earlier studies have shown significant positive relationships between leader-member exchange (LMX) and its outcomes, they have also noted that the effect sizes of these relationships have been modest and heterogeneous. Addressing numerous calls for future studies that examine potential moderators of the LMX-job performance and LMX-job satisfaction relationships and utilizing a multidomain perspective, this study tests the moderating roles of personal (i.e., locus of control) and task-related (i.e., task autonomy) factors on these relationships. The results of an empirical study with a sample of 287 software developers and 164 supervisors participating at a large international information technology exhibition indicated that the LMX-job performance relationship was stronger when employees' locus of control was internal as opposed to when it was external. In addition, it was stronger when task autonomy was high as opposed to when it was low. Moreover, the results suggested that the LMX-job satisfaction relationship was stronger when task autonomy was high as opposed to when it was low. Finally, contrary to theoretical expectations, employees' locus of control did not moderate the LMX-job satisfaction relationship. PMID:18808235

Ozer, Muammer

2008-09-01

475

Task 21 - Development of Systems Engineering Applications for Decontamination and Decommissioning Activities  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this task are to: Develop a model (paper) to estimate the cost and waste generation of cleanup within the Environmental Management (EM) complex; Identify technologies applicable to decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) operations within the EM complex; Develop a database of facility information as linked to project baseline summaries (PBSs). The above objectives are carried out through the following four subtasks: Subtask 1--D and D Model Development, Subtask 2--Technology List; Subtask 3--Facility Database, and Subtask 4--Incorporation into a User Model.

Erickson, T.A.

1998-11-01

476

School District Cabinet Member Task and Relationship Conflict Behavior during Budget Development in a State Fiscal Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose. The first purpose of this study was to determine to what extent task and relationship conflict occurred in school district cabinets during budget development in a state budget crisis. The second purpose was to determine which cabinet member task and relationship conflict behaviors were demonstrated during budget development in a state…

Nickerson, John

2009-01-01

477

Brain activity across the development of automatic categorization: A comparison of categorization tasks using multi-voxel pattern analysis  

PubMed Central

Previous evidence suggests that relatively separate neural networks underlie initial learning of rule-based and information-integration categorization tasks. With the development of automaticity, categorization behavior in both tasks becomes increasingly similar and exclusively related to activity in cortical regions. The present study uses multi-voxel pattern analysis to directly compare the development of automaticity in different categorization tasks. Each of three groups of participants received extensive training in a different categorization task: either an information-integration task, or one of two rule-based tasks. Four training sessions were performed inside an MRI scanner. Three different analyses were performed on the imaging data from a number of regions of interest (ROIs). The common patterns analysis had the goal of revealing ROIs with similar patterns of activation across tasks. The unique patterns analysis had the goal of revealing ROIs with dissimilar patterns of activation across tasks. The representational similarity analysis aimed at exploring (1) the similarity of category representations across ROIs and (2) how those patterns of similarities compared across tasks. The results showed that common patterns of activation were present in motor areas and basal ganglia early in training, but only in the former later on. Unique patterns were found in a variety of cortical and subcortical areas early in training, but they were dramatically reduced with training. Finally, patterns of representational similarity between brain regions became increasingly similar across tasks with the development of automaticity. PMID:23333700

Soto, Fabian A.; Waldschmidt, Jennifer G.; Helie, Sebastien; Ashby, F. Gregory

2013-01-01

478

Antiepileptic drugs and suicidality: an expert consensus statement from the Task Force on Therapeutic Strategies of the ILAE Commission on Neuropsychobiology.  

PubMed

In 2008, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an alert to health care professionals about an increased risk of suicide ideation and suicide behavior in people treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Since then, a number of retrospective cohort and case-control studies have been published that are trying to address this issue, but gathered results are contradictory. This report represents an expert consensus statement developed by an ad hoc task force of the Commission on Neuropsychobiology of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE).