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1

Upper limit on the nu tau mass from tau --> 3 hnu tau decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new technique has been used to determine a limit on the nu tau mass using Z0--> tau + tau - events selected from 140 pb-1 of data collected with the OPAL detector at LEP during the period 1990-1994. Using Z0--> tau + tau - events in which both tau-leptons decay to three charged particles, a novel likelihood analysis is

Gideon Alexander; J. Allison; N. Altekamp; K A Ametewee; K. J. Anderson; S. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; D A Axen; Georges Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J Richard Batley; G. Beaudoin; J. Bechtluft; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; A. N. Bell; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; Stanislaus Cornelius Maria Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; Siegfried Bethke; O. Biebel; Volker Blobel; Ian J Bloodworth; J. E. Bloomer; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; B. T. Bouwens; S. Braibant; P G Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; Helfried J Burckhart; C. Burgard; R. Bürgin; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; D. Chrisman; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; O. C. Cooke; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C L Darling; S. de Jong; L. A. Del Pozo; M. S. Dixit; E. Do Couto E Silva; M. Doucet; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; J. E. G. Edwards; P. G. Estabrooks; H. G. Evans; M. Evans; Franco Luigi Fabbri; P. Fath; F. Fiedler; M. Fierro; H. M. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; S. M. Gascon-Shotkin; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; D. M. Gingrich; J. Goldberg; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; E. Gross; M. Gruwé; C. Hajdu; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; M. Hapke; C. K. Hargrove; P. A. Hart; C. Hartmann; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; R. Hawkings; Richard J Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; M. D. Hildreth; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; P. R. Hobson; R James Homer; A. K. Honma; D. Horváth; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; D. E. Hutchcroft; P. Igo-Kemenes; D. C. Imrie; M. R. Ingram; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; Martin Paul Jimack; A. Joly; G. Jones; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; U. Jost; P. Jovanovic; J I Kanzaki; D A Karlen; T. Kawamoto; Richard K Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; J. King; J. Kirk; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R V Kowalewski; T. Kress; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; W. P. Lai; D. Lanske; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; Daniel Lellouch; J. Letts; L. Levinson; C. Lewis; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; Michael J Losty; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; A. Malik; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; G. Martinez; T. Mashimo; W. Matthews; P. Mättig; W. J. McDonald; J A McKenna; E. A. McKigney; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; F. Meijers; S. Menke; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; J. Meyer; Aldo Michelini; G. Mikenberg; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; R. Nisius; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; T. Omori; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; M. Palazzo; J. Pálinkás; J. P. Pansart; G. Pásztor; J. R. Pater; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; S. Petzold; J. E. Pilcher; J L Pinfold; D. E. Plane; P R Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; H. Przysiezniak; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. G. Rison; S. A. Robins; N L Rodning; J. M. Roney; A M Rooke; E. Ros; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; R. Rylko; E Sarkisyan-Grinbaum; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; M. Schulz; P. Schütz; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Sittler; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; Randall J Sobie; S. Söldner-Rembold; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; M. Starks; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; D. Strom; F. Strumia; P. Szymanski; R. Tafirout; H. Takeda; P. Taras; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; N. Tesch; M. Thiergen; M. A. Thomson; E. von Törne; S. Towers; M. Tscheulin; E. Tsur; A. S. Turcot; M. F. Turner-Watson; P. Utzat; R. van Kooten; G. Vasseur; M. Verzocchi; P. Vikas; M G Vincter; E. H. Vokurka; F. Wäckerle; A. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; J. S. White; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S A Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; S M Xella; S. Yamashita; G. Yekutieli; K. Yoshimura; V. Zacek

1996-01-01

2

Decays of the tau lepton  

SciTech Connect

Previous measurements of the branching fractions of the tau lepton result in a discrepancy between the inclusive branching fraction and the sum of the exclusive branching fractions to final states containing one charged particle. The sum of the exclusive branching fractions is significantly smaller than the inclusive branching fraction. In this analysis, the branching fractions for all the major decay modes are measured simultaneously with the sum of the branching fractions constrained to be one. The branching fractions are measured using an unbiased sample of tau decays, with little background, selected from 207 pb/sup -1/ of data accumulated with the Mark II detector at the PEP e/sup +/e/sup -/ storage ring. The sample is selected using the decay products of one member of the ..gamma../sup +/..gamma../sup -/ pair produced in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation to identify the event and then including the opposite member of the pair in the sample. The sample is divided into subgroups according to charged and neutral particle multiplicity, and charged particle identification. The branching fractions are simultaneously measured using an unfold technique and a maximum likelihood fit. The results of this analysis indicate that the discrepancy found in previous experiments is possibly due to two sources. First, the leptonic branching fractions measured in this analysis are about one standard deviation higher than the world average. The measured leptonic branching fractions correspond to a tau lifetime of (3.0 +- 0.2) x 10/sup -13/ s. Secondly, the total branching fraction to one charged hadron plus at least one neutral particle is measured to be (7 +- 3)% higher than the branching fraction expected from a combination of previous measurements and theoretical predictions. It is shown that decay modes involving the eta are not expected to contribute more than 3% to this excess.

Burchat, P.R.

1986-02-01

3

Hadronic Tau Decay at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Recent results on hadronic decays of tau from BaBar are reviewed. The branching fraction of {tau}{sup -} {yields} 3h{sup -} 2h{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} is measured to be (8.56 {+-} 0.05{sub stat} {+-} 0.42{sub sys}) x 10{sup -4}. The underlaying substructure of this decay exposes strong contribution from {rho} resonance. The decay {tau}{sup -} {yields} f{sub 1}(1285){pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}} with f{sub 1}(1285) {yields} 2{pi}{sup -}2{pi}{sup +} is observed and the corresponding branching fraction is measured to be (3.9 {+-} 0.7{sub stat} {+-} 0.5{sub sys}) x 10{sup -4}. The search for {tau}{sup -} {yields} 4{pi}{sup -}3{pi}{sup +}({pi}{sup 0}){nu}{sub {tau}} decay was performed and without evidence of the signal the upper limit of B({tau}{sup -} {yields} 4{pi}{sup -}3{pi}{sup +}({pi}{sup 0}){nu}{sub {tau}}) is estimated to be 3.0 x 10{sup -7} at 90% confidence limit. The upper limits on branching fractions for the exclusive decays {tau}{sup -} {yields} 4{pi}{sup -}3{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} 4{pi}{sup -}3{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} are found to be 4.3 x 10{sup -7} and 2.5 x 10{sup -7} at 90% confidence limit, respectively.

Igonkina, O.; /Oregon U.

2006-04-11

4

Observation of the Semileptonic Decays B>D*tau-nu¯tau and Evidence for B>Dtau-nu¯tau  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present measurements of the semileptonic decays B--->D0tau-nu¯tau, B--->D*0tau-nu¯tau, B¯0-->D+tau-nu¯tau, and B¯0-->D*+tau-nu¯tau, which are potentially sensitive to non-standard model amplitudes. The data sample comprises 232×106 Upsilon(4S)-->BB¯ decays collected with the BABAR detector. From a combined fit to B- and B¯0 channels, we obtain the branching fractions B(B-->Dtau-nu¯tau)=(0.86±0.24±0.11±0.06)% and B(B-->D*tau-nu¯tau)=(1.62±0.31±0.10±0.05)% (normalized for the B¯0), where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; L. Wang; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni

2008-01-01

5

Precision Measurements of Tau Lepton Decays  

SciTech Connect

Using data collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II electron-positron storage ring operating at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV, the branching fractions {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (8.83 {+-} 0.01 {+-} 0.13)%, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.273 {+-} 0.002 {+-} 0.009)%, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.1346 {+-} 0.0010 {+-} 0.0036)%, and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.58 {+-} 0.13 {+-} 0.12) x 10{sup -5} are measured where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. The invariant mass distribution for the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays are unfolded to correct for detector effects. A measurement of {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {phi}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (3.42 {+-} 0.55 {+-} 0.25) x 10{sup -5}, a measurement of {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {phi}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (3.39 {+-} 0.20 {+-} 0.28) x 10{sup -5} and an upper limit on {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}[ex.{phi}]) {le} 2.5 x 10{sup -6} {at} 905 CL are determined from a binned maximum likelihood fit of the {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} K{sup +}K{sup -} invariant mass distributions. The branching ratio {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) is measured to be (6.531 {+-} 0.056 {+-} 0.093) x 10{sup -2} from which |V{sub us}| is determined to be 0.2255 {+-} 0.0023. The branching ratio {Beta}/({tau}{sup -} {yields} {mu}{nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub e}) = (9.796 {+-} 0.016 {+-} 0.035) x 10{sup -1} is measured enabling a precision test of the Standard Model assumption of charged current lepton universality, g{sub {mu}}/g{sub e} = 1.0036 {+-} 0.0020. The branching ratios {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub e}) = (3.882 {+-} 0.032 {+-} 0.057) x 10{sup -2}, and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub e}) = (5.9545 {+-} 0.014 {+-} 0.061) x 10{sup -1} are measured which provide additional tests of charged current lepton universality, (g{sub {tau}}/g{sub {mu}}){sub {pi}} = 0.9856 {+-} 0.0057 and (g{sub {tau}}/g{sub {mu}}){sub K} = 0.9827 {+-} 0.0086 which can be combined to give (g{sub {tau}}/g{sub {mu}}){sub {pi}/K} = 0.9850 {+-} 0.0054. Any deviation of these measurements from the expected Standard Model values would be an indication of new physics.

Nugent, Ian M.; /Victoria U.

2010-03-16

6

Tensor mesons produced in tau lepton decays  

SciTech Connect

Light tensor mesons (T=a{sub 2}, f{sub 2} and K{sub 2}*) can be produced in decays of {tau} leptons. In this paper we compute the branching ratios of {tau}{yields}T{pi}{nu} decays by assuming the dominance of intermediate virtual states to model the form factors involved in the relevant hadronic matrix elements. The exclusive f{sub 2}(1270){pi}{sup -} decay mode turns out to have the largest branching ratio, of O(10{sup -4}). Our results indicate that the contribution of tensor meson intermediate states to the three-pseudoscalar channels of {tau} decays are rather small.

Lopez Castro, G.; Munoz, J. H. [Departamento de Fisica, Cinvestav, Apartado Postal 14-740, 07000 Mexico, D.F. (Mexico); Departamento de Fisica, Universidad del Tolima, Apartado Aereo 546, Ibague (Colombia) and Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2011-05-01

7

Tau decays into three charged leptons and two neutrinos  

E-print Network

We search for the radiative leptonic tau decays tau --> ee(+) e(-)nu(tau)nu(e) and tau --> mu e(+)e(-)nu(tau)nu(mu) using 3.60 fb(-1) of data collected by the CLEO-II experiment at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. We ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

1996-04-01

8

Evidence for B+ --> tau+ nu_tau Decays using Hadronic B Tags  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for the decay B{sup +} --> {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} using 467.8 x 10{sup 6} B{anti B} pairs collected at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B-Factory. We select a sample of events with on completely reconstructed B{sup -} in an hadronic decay mode (B{sup -} --> D{sup (*)0}X{sup -} and B{sup -} --> J/{psi} X{sup -}). We examine the rest of the event to search for a B{sup +} --> {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} decay. We identify the {tau}{sup +} lepton in the following modes: {tau}{sup +} --> e{sup +} {nu}{sub e}{anti {nu}}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup +} --> {mu}{sup +} {nu}{sub {mu}}{anti {nu}}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup +} --> {pi}{sup +}{anti {nu}}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup +} --> {rho}{anti {nu}}{sub {tau}}. We find an excess of events with respect to expected background, which excludes the null signal hypothesis at the level of 3.3 {sigma} and can be converted to a branching fraction central value of B(B{sup +} --> {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}})= (1.80{sup + 0.57}{sub - 0.54}(stat.) {+-} 0.26 (syst.)) x 10{sup -4}.

del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Milanes, D.A.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-08-11

9

Measurement of the decays tau/sup -/. -->. rho/sup -/. nu. /sub tau/ and tau/sup -/. -->. K*/sup -/(892). nu. /sub tau/ using the Mark II detector at SPEAR  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the branching fractions for the Cabibbo-favored decay tau/sup -/ ..-->.. rho/sup -/..nu../sub tau/ and the Cabibbo-suppressed decay tau/sup -/ ..-->.. K*/sup -/(892)..nu../sub tau/ are presented. The energy dependence of the tau/sup +/tau/sup -/ production cross section is measured with the aid of the decay tau/sup -/ ..-->.. rho/sup -/..nu../sub tau/, which yields a measurement M/sub tau/ = (1790 +- 40) MeV. A 2 sigma upper limit for the forbidden decay tau/sup -/ ..-->.. K*/sup -/(1430)..nu../sub tau/ is also presented. 3 figures.

Dorfan, J.

1980-08-01

10

a Study of the Decays Tau Lepton Going to Negative k* Tau-Associated Neutrino and Tau Lepton Going to Anti - Tau-Associated Neutrino  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurements of branching fractions for decays tau^- --> K^{* -}nu_{tau} and tau^- --> rho^ -nu_{tau} are presented. The measurements were done using the multi-purpose spectrometer ARGUS at the e^+e^ - storage ring DORIS. They are based on a data sample of 198 pb^{-1} collected at center of mass energies of about 10 GeV and represent the largest event samples to date. The measurements yield the following results: eqalign{& {BR}( tau^- to K^{*-}nu _tau) = (1.23 +/- 0.21_sp{ -0.21}{+0.11})%crcr&{BR}(tau^- to rho^ -nu_tau) = (21.5 +/- 0.4 +/- 1.9)%cr}. The branching fraction for the decay tau^- --> rho^-nu _{tau} is in good greement with previous measurements and theoretical predictions based on CVC. This decay mode is particularly important in view of the present unresolved discrepancy beteween topological and exclusive branching ratios, as it is the largest exclusive mode. Theoretical predictions for the decay tau^- --> K^{*-} nu_{tau} are based on QCD sum rules. Our measurements is in agreement with these predictions. Prrevous measurements, based on smaller event samples, show a large dispersion. Furthermore the ratio of the two branching ratios is found to be {BR}(tau^- to K^{*-}nu_tau)/{BR}(tau^- to rho^ -nu_tau) = 0.057 +/- 0.010_sp {+0.006}{-0.010}which is in good agreement with the sum rule predictions. Alternatively if one assumes the validity of the QCD sum rules, one may extract rm tan theta _{c} = 0.248 +/- 0.031_sp{ -0.031}{+0.018}as a measurment of the Cabibbo angle, a fundamental parameter in the standard model.

Kanekal, Shrikanth Gundurao

11

Hadronic Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Precision measurements of the exclusive branching fraction {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} h{sup -}h{sup -}h{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}, where the h represent either a pion or a kaon, from the BABAR Experiment are presented. The branching fraction for {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} is the first resonant plus non-resonant measurement of this mode and the branching fraction {tau}{sup -} {yields} {phi}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} is also a first measurement. In addition we present the new measurement of the branching fraction of {tau}{sup -} {yields} {phi}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}.

Nugent, I.M.; /Victoria U.

2007-10-25

12

Tau sleptons and Tau sneutrino Decays in MSSM under the Cosmological Bounds  

E-print Network

We present the numerical investigation of the fermionic two-body decays of tau sleptons $\\tilde \\tau_{1,2}$ and $\\tau$ sneutrino in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with complex parameters. In the analysis we particularly take into account the cosmological bounds imposed by WMAP data. We plot the CP-phase dependences for each fermionic two-body channel of $\\tilde \\tau_{1,2}$ and $\\tau$ sneutrino and speculate about the branching ratios and total (two-body) decay widths. We find that the phase dependences of the decay widths of the third family sleptons are quite significant which can provide viable probes of additional CP sources. We also draw attention to the polarization of the final-state tau in the $ \\tilde \\tau_{1,2}$ decays.

L. Selbuz; Z. Z. Aydin

2008-08-19

13

Study of Michel spectrum of tau decay  

E-print Network

This thesis is the beginning of a larger project to use BaBar to examine weak couplings through leptonic [tau] decay. I will use the ratio of Br... and Br... and the Michel parameters [rho] and [eta]. which describe the ...

Ackerman, Nicole (Nicole L.)

2007-01-01

14

Search for the rare decay B0-->tau+tau- at BABAR.  

PubMed

We present the results of a search for the decay B0-->tau+tau- in a data sample of (232+/-3)x10(6) Upsilon(4S)-->BB decays using the BABAR detector. Certain extensions of the standard model predict measurable levels of this otherwise rare decay. We reconstruct fully one neutral B meson and seek evidence for the signal decay in the rest of the event. We find no evidence for signal events and obtain Beta(B0->tau+tau-)<4.1x10(-3) at the 90% confidence level. PMID:16907230

Aubert, B; Barate, R; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schroeder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Mommsen, R K; Roethel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Weinstein, A J R; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P-F; Graziani, G; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Vasseur, G; Yeche, Ch; Zito, M; Altenburg, D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, Ch; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Won, E; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Martinez-Vidal, F; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Vazquez, W P; Charles, M J; Mader, W F; Mallik, U; Mohapatra, A K; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Yi, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pacetti, S; Pioppi, M; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Giroux, X; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Petersen, T C; Pierini, M; Plaszczynski, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Forster, Ian J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Cormack, C M; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Green, M G; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Edgar, C L; Hodgkinson, M C; Kelly, M P; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Staengle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Cote, D; Taras, P; Viaud, B; Nicholson, H; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L

2006-06-23

15

A Search for the Rare Decay B0 to tau+tau- atBaBar  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a search for the decay B{sup 0} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} in a data sample of (232 {+-} 3) x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays using the BABAR detector. Certain extensions of the Standard Model predict measurable levels of this otherwise rare decay. We reconstruct fully one neutral B meson and seek evidence for the signal decay in the rest of the event. We find no evidence for signal events and obtain {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}) < 3.2 x 10{sup -3} at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, AUTHOR = Roethel, W. /UC, Irvine

2005-11-09

16

TauDecay: a library to simulate polarized tau decays via FeynRules and MadGraph5  

E-print Network

TauDecay is a library of helicity amplitudes to simulate polarized tau decays, constructed in the FeynRules and MadGraph5 framework. Together with the leptonic mode, the decay library includes the main hadronic modes, \\tau \\to \

Kaoru Hagiwara; Tong Li; Kentarou Mawatari; Junya Nakamura

2014-12-15

17

Study of tau decays to six pions and a neutrino  

E-print Network

(tau (-) --> 3 pi (-)2 pi (+)pi (0)nu (tau)) = (1.7 +/- 0.7 +/- 0.2) X 10(-4). A search for substructure in these decays shows that they are saturated by intermediate states with eta or omega mesons. We present the first observation of the decay tau (-) --> 2 pi...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Zhao, X.

2001-05-01

18

Measurement of the hadronic decay current in tau--->pi- - + v tau  

Microsoft Academic Search

The decay tau--->pi- - + v tau has been studied using data collected with the OPAL detector at LEP during 1992 and 1993. The hadronic structure functions for this decay are measured model independently assuming G-parity invariance and neglecting scalar currents. Simultaneously the parity violating asymmetry parameter is determined to begamma VA = 1.08 _{ - 0.41 - 0.25}^{ +

R. Akers; G. Alexander; J. Allison; K. Ametewee; K. J. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; D. Axen; G. Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J. R. Batley; G. Beaudoin; A. Beck; G. A. Beck; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; S. Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; S. Bethke; O. Biebel; I. J. Bloodworth; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; S. Braibant; P. Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; A. Buijs; H. J. Burckhart; R. Bürgin; C. Burgard; N. Capdevielle; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; J. C. Clayton; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; O. C. Cooke; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C. Darling; S. de Jong; L. A. Del Pozo; H. Deng; M. Dittmar; M. S. Dixit; E. Do Couto E Silva; J. E. Duboscq; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; U. C. Dunwoody; J. E. G. Edwards; P. A. Elcombe; P. G. Estabrooks; E. Etzion; H. G. Evans; F. Fabbri; B. Fabbro; M. Fanti; P. Fath; M. Fierro; M. Fincke-Keeler; H. M. Fischer; P. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; J. D. Gillies; J. Goldberg; D. M. Gingrich; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; E. Gross; J. Hagemann; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; C. K. Hargrove; P. A. Hart; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; E. Heflin; R. J. Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; R. J. Homer; A. K. Honma; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; P. Igo-Kemenes; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; P. Jovanovic; C. Jui; D. Karlen; J. Kanzaki; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; R. K. Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; B. King; J. King; J. Kirk; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R. Kowalewski; T. Kress; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; W. P. Lai; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; P. Leblanc; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; D. Lellouch; C. Leroy; J. Letts; L. Levinson; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; M. J. Losty; X. C. Lou; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; T. Mashimo; W. Matthews; P. Mättig; U. Maur; J. McKenna; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; F. Meijers; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; A. Michelini; R. P. Middleton; G. Mikenberg; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; N. J. Oldershaw; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; F. Palmonari; J. P. Pansart; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. O. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J. Pinfold; D. E. Plane; P. Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; M. W. Redmond; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. G. Rison; S. A. Robins; D. Robinson; N. Rodning; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; Y. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; P. Schütz; M. Schulz; C. Schwick; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; M. Settles; T. G. Schears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; R. Sobie; S. Söldner-Rembold; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; M. Starks; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; D. Strom; P. Szymanski; R. Tafirout; H. Takeda; T. Takeshita; P. Taras; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; P. Teixeira-Dias; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; O. Tousignant; S. Towers; M. Tscheulin; T. Tsukamoto; A. S. Turcot; M. F. Turner-Watson; P. Utzat; R. van Kooten; G. Vasseur; P. Vikas; M. Vincter; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; V.-H. Winterer; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S. Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; A. Yeaman; G. Yekutieli; M. Yurko; V. Zacek; W. Zeuner; G. T. Zorn

1995-01-01

19

Searches for Lepton Flavor Violation in the Decays tau+- ---> e+- gamma and tau+- ---> mu+- gamma  

SciTech Connect

Searches for lepton-flavor-violating decays of a {tau} lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a photon have been performed with the entire dataset of (963 {+-} 7) x 10{sup 6} {tau} decays collected by the BABAR detector near the {Upsilon}(4S), {Upsilon}(3S) and {Upsilon}(2S) resonances. The searches yield no evidence of signals and they set upper limits on the branching fractions of {Beta}({tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} e{sup {+-}}{gamma}) < 3.3 x 10{sup -8} and {Beta}({tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{gamma}) < 4.4 x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, Bernard; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, David Nathan; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS; /more authors.; ,

2010-06-11

20

Search for CP violation in tau -> K pi nu(tau) decays  

E-print Network

We search and find no evidence for CP violation in tau decays into the K pi v(tau) final state. We provide limits on the imaginary part of the coupling constant L describing a relative contribution of the CP violating processes with respect...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Besson, David Zeke; Zhao, X.

2002-03-01

21

Measurement of the decay tau(-) -> pi(-) pi(+) pi(-) 2pi(0)nu-tau  

E-print Network

The decay tau- --> pi-pi+pi-2pi0nu(tau) has been observed in e+e- annihilation using the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. In a data sample collected at square-root s is similar to 10.6 GeV, 668 +/- ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1993-09-01

22

A Search for the Decay B+ to tau+ nu_tau  

SciTech Connect

We search for the rare leptonic decay B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} in a sample of 232 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B-Factory. Signal events are selected by examining the properties of the B meson recoiling against the semileptonic decay B{sup -} {yields} D*{sup 0}{ell}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}. We find no evidence for a signal and set an upper limit on the branching fraction of {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}}) < 2.8 x 10{sup -4} at the 90% confidence level. We combine this result with a previous, statistically independent BABAR search for B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} to give an upper limit of {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}}) < 2.6 10{sup -4} at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San

2005-07-27

23

Astrophysical tau neutrino detection in kilometer-scale Cherenkov detectors via muonic tau decay  

E-print Network

Kilometer-scale deep under-ice or -water Cherenkov neutrino detectors may detect muon and electron neutrinos from astrophysical sources at energies of a TeV and above. Tau neutrinos are also expected from these sources due to neutrino flavor oscillations in vacuum, and tau neutrinos are free of atmospheric background at a much lower energy than muon and electron neutrinos. Identification of tau neutrinos is expected to be possible above the PeV energy range through the "double bang" and "lollipop" signatures. We discuss another signature of tau in the PeV-EeV range, arising from the decay of tau leptons inside the detector to much brighter muons.

T. DeYoung; S. Razzaque; D. F. Cowen

2006-08-23

24

Search for the rare leptonic decay B--->tau-nutau.  

PubMed

We present a search for the decay B(-)--> tau(-)nu(tau) in a sample of 88.9 x 10(6) BB pairs recorded with the BABAR detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center B factory. One of the two B mesons from the Gamma(4S) is reconstructed in a hadronic or a semileptonic final state, and the decay products of the other B in the event are analyzed for consistency with a B(-) --> tau(-)nu(tau) decay. We find no evidence of a signal and set an upper limit on the branching fraction of B(B(-) --> tau(-) nu(tau)) < 4.2 x 10(-4) at the 90% confidence level. PMID:16090798

Aubert, B; Barate, R; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Gaillard, J-M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Shelkov, V G; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; Mommsen, R K; Roethel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Macfarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, Sh; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Smith, J G; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q L; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, Ch; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Yi, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Cormack, C M; Harrison, P F; Di Lodovico, F; Mohanty, G B; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flaecher, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Staengle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; Losecco, J M; Gabriel, T A; Allmendinger, T; Brau, B; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonyan, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; de la Vaissière, Ch; Del Buono, L

2005-07-22

25

alpha_s From the Lattice and Hadronic Tau Decays  

E-print Network

Until recently, determinations of alpha_s(M_Z) from hadronic tau decays and the analysis of short-distance-sensitive lattice observables yielded results which, though precise, were not in good agreement. I review new analyses that bring these into good agreement and provide some details on the source of the main changes in the tau decay analysis.

Kim Maltman

2009-06-26

26

A Search for Neutrinoless Tau Decays to Three Leptons  

SciTech Connect

Using approximately 350 million {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} pair events recorded with the BaBar detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center between 1999 and 2006, a search has been made for neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating tau decays to three lighter leptons. All six decay modes consistent with conservation of electric charge and energy have been considered. With signal selection efficiencies of 5-12%, we obtain 90% confidence level upper limits on the branching fraction {Beta}({tau} {yields} {ell}{ell}{ell}) in the range (4-8) x 10{sup -8}.

Kolb, Jeffrey A.; /Oregon U. /SLAC; ,

2008-09-24

27

Search for the Decay tau- to 4pi- 3pi+ (pi0) nu_tau  

SciTech Connect

A search for the decay of the {tau} lepton to seven charged pions and one or zero {pi}{sup 0} mesons was performed using the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. The analysis uses 232.2 fb{sup -1} of data at center-of-mass energies on or near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. We observe 24 events with an expected background of 21.6 {+-} 1.3 events. Without evidence for a signal, we calculate an upper limit of {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} 4{pi}{sup -}3{pi}{sup +})({pi}{sup 0}){nu}{sub {tau}} < 3.0 x 10{sup -7} at 90% confidence level. This is an improvement by nearly an order of magnitude over the previously established limit. In addition, we set upper limits for the exclusive decays {tau}{sup -} {yields} 4{pi}{sup -}3{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} 4{pi}{sup -} 3{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili,; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.; /Annecy, LAPP /Barcelona, IFAE /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.

2005-06-07

28

Measurement of the Semileptonic Anti-B to D(*) Tau Anti-Nu/Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Semileptonic B meson decays into final states containing the {tau} lepton are of interesting as they provide information on the Standard Model as well as a window on new physics effects. We present results on {bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)} {tau}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}} decays where the second B in the event is fully reconstructed.

Lopes Pegna, David; /Princeton U.

2011-11-11

29

Search for the Decay B+-->K+ tau-/+ mu+/-.  

PubMed

We present a search for the lepton flavor violating decay B+-->K+ tau-/+ mu+/- using 383 x 10;{6} BB[over ] events collected by the BABAR experiment. The branching fraction for this decay can be substantially enhanced in new physics models. The kinematics of the tau from the signal B decay are inferred from the K+, mu, and other B in the event, which is fully reconstructed in one of a variety of hadronic decay modes, allowing the signal B candidate to be fully reconstructed. We observe no excess of events over the expected background and set a limit of B(B+-->K+ tau mu)<7.7 x 10(-5) at 90% confidence level, where the branching fraction is for the sum of the K+ tau- mu+ and K+ tau+mu- final states. We use this result to improve a model-independent bound on the energy scale of flavor-changing new physics. PMID:18233132

Aubert, B; Bona, M; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Lopez, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Wenzel, W A; del Amo Sanchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Pelizaeus, M; Schroeder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, Ch; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; de la Vaissière, Ch; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Malclès, J; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A

2007-11-16

30

Tau neutrino propagation and tau energy loss  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electromagnetic energy loss of tau leptons is an important ingredient for eventual tau neutrino detection from high energy astrophysical sources. Proposals have been made to use mountains as neutrino converters, in which the emerging tau decays in an air shower. We use a stochastic evaluation of both tau neutrino conversion to taus and of tau electromagnetic energy loss. We examine the effects of the propagation for monoenergetic incident tau neutrinos as well as for several neutrino power-law spectra. Our main result is a parameterization of the tau electromagnetic energy loss parameter ?. We compare the results from the analytic expression for the tau flux using this ? with other parameterizations of ?.

Dutta, Sharada Iyer; Huang, Yiwen; Reno, Mary Hall

2005-07-01

31

Evidence of the purely leptonic decay B- --> tau- nu(tau).  

PubMed

We present the first evidence of the decay B- --> tau- nu(tau), using 414 fb(-1) of data collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+ e- collider. Events are tagged by fully reconstructing one of the B mesons in hadronic modes. We detect the signal with a significance of 3.5 standard deviations including systematics and measure the branching fraction to be B(B- --> tau- nu(tau)) = (1.79(-0.49) +0.56(stat)(-0.51) +0.46(syst)) x 10(-4). This implies that fB = 0.229(-0.031) +0.036(stat)(-0.037) +0.034(syst) GeV and is the first direct measurement of this quantity. PMID:17280341

Ikado, K; Abe, K; Abe, K; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Akai, K; Akemoto, M; Anipko, D; Arinstein, K; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bakich, A M; Balagura, V; Barbero, M; Bay, A; Bedny, I; Belous, K; Bitenc, U; Bizjak, I; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Bracko, M; Browder, T E; Chang, P; Chen, A; Chen, W T; Choi, Y; Cole, S; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Dash, M; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Flanagan, J; Fratina, S; Furukawa, K; Gabyshev, N; Gershon, T; Go, A; Gokhroo, G; Golob, B; Gorisek, A; Ha, H; Haba, J; Hara, K; Hara, T; Hastings, N C; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Hazumi, M; Hinz, L; Hokuue, T; Hoshi, Y; Hou, S; Hou, W-S; Iida, N; Iijima, T; Imoto, A; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, M; Iwasaki, Y; Kamitani, T; Kang, J H; Kataoka, S U; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kikutani, E; Kim, H J; Kim, H O; Kinoshita, K; Koiso, H; Korpar, S; Krizan, P; Krokovny, P; Kulasiri, R; Kumar, R; Kuo, C C; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y-J; Lange, J S; Leder, G; Lee, J; Lesiak, T; Limosani, A; Lin, S-W; Liventsev, D; Marlow, D; Matsumoto, T; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Michizono, S; Mimashi, T; Mitaroff, W; Miyabayashi, K; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Nagamine, T; Nakamura, I; Nakamura, T T; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Noguchi, S; Nozaki, T; Ogawa, S; Ogawa, Y; Ohmi, K; Ohshima, T; Ohuchi, N; Oide, K; Okabe, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Onuki, Y; Ostrowicz, W; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Park, C W; Park, H; Pestotnik, R; Piilonen, L E; Poluektov, A; Rozanska, M; Sakai, Y; Schietinger, T; Schneider, O; Schwanda, C; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shibuya, H; Shidara, T; Shwartz, B; Sidorov, V; Sokolov, A; Somov, A; Stanic, S; Staric, M; Stoeck, H; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Suzuki, S; Tajima, O; Takasaki, F; Tamai, K; Tamura, N; Tanaka, M; Tawada, M; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Tian, X C; Trabelsi, K; Tsuboyama, T; Tsukamoto, T; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Ueno, K; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Usov, Y; Varner, G; Villa, S; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamaguchi, A; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yoshida, M; Yusa, Y; Zhang, L M; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zürcher, D

2006-12-22

32

Measurement of tau-decays involving eta-mesons  

E-print Network

The decay tau- --> nu(tau)pi-pi0eta has been observed for the first time using the CLEO-II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. The measured branching ratio (0.17 +/- 0.02 +/- 0.02)%, agrees with the CVC (conserved ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1992-12-01

33

Search for the Decay B+-->K+tau-\\/+mu±  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the lepton flavor violating decay B+-->K+tau-\\/+mu± using 383×106 BB¯ events collected by the BABAR experiment. The branching fraction for this decay can be substantially enhanced in new physics models. The kinematics of the tau from the signal B decay are inferred from the K+, mu, and other B in the event, which is fully reconstructed

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; T. Held; H. Koch; M. Pelizaeus; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; V. Ziegler; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; I. J. Forster; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; W. Menges; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; S. J. Sekula; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez

2007-01-01

34

First observation of the decay tau(-)-> K*(-)eta nu(tau)  

E-print Network

gamma. The measured branching fraction is B(tau(-) --> K- pi(0)eta nu(tau)) = (2.9 +/- 0.8 +/- 0.3) x 10(-4). We also measure the inclusive branching fractions without requiring the K* resonance, B(tau(-) --> K(S)pi(-) eta nu(tau)) = (1.10 +/- 0.35 +/- 0...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

1999-01-01

35

Heavy Neutrinos and the Kinematics of Tau Decays  

E-print Network

Searches for heavy neutrinos often rely on the possibility that the heavy neutrinos will decay to detectable particles. Interpreting the results of such searches requires a particular model for the heavy-neutrino decay. We present a method for placing limits on the probability that a tau can couple to a heavy neutrino, |U_tau4|^2, using only the kinematics of semi-leptonic tau decays, instead of a specific model. Our study suggests that B factories with large datasets, such a Belle and BaBar, may be able to place stringent limits on |U_tau4|^2 as low as O(10^-7 - 10^-3) when 100 MeV neutrinos.

Kobach, Andrew

2014-01-01

36

Search for tau- ---> 4pi- 3pi+ (pi0) nu/tau Decays  

SciTech Connect

A search for the decay of the {tau} lepton to seven charged pions and at most one {pi}{sup 0} was performed using the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. The analysis uses data recorded on and near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance between 1999 and 2003, a total of 124.3 fb{sup -1}. They observe 7 events with an expected background of 11.9 {+-} 2.2 events and calculate a preliminary upper limit of BR({tau}{sup -} {yields} 4{pi}{sup -} 3{pi}{sup +}({pi}{sup 0}){nu}{sub {tau}}) < 2.7 x 10{sup -7} at 90% CL. This is a significant improvement over the previous limit established by the CLEO Collaboration.

Ter-Antonian, R.; Kass, R.; Allmendinger, T.; /Ohio State U.; Hast, C.; /SLAC

2005-06-21

37

Search for lepton flavor violating decays tau+/--->l+/-omega.  

PubMed

A search for lepton flavor violating decays of a tau to a lighter-mass charged lepton and an omega vector meson is performed using 384.1 fb(-1) of e(+)e(-) annihilation data collected with the BABAR detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center PEP-II storage ring. No signal is found, and the upper limits on the branching ratios are determined to be B(tau(+/-)-->e;{+/-}omega)<1.1 x10 (-7) and B(tau(+/-)-->micro(+/-)omega)<1.0 x 10(-7) at 90% confidence level. PMID:18352541

Aubert, B; Bona, M; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Lopez, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Ayad, R; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, Ch; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Nash, J A; Panduro Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; McLachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; de la Vaissière, Ch; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Malclès, J; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Biesiada, J; Lau, Y P; Lu, C; Olsen, J

2008-02-22

38

Search for the Rare Leptonic Decay B>tau-nu¯tau  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the decay B--->tau-nutau¯ in a sample of 88.9×106 BB¯ pairs recorded with the BABAR detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center B factory. One of the two B mesons from the Upsilon(4S) is reconstructed in a hadronic or a semileptonic final state, and the decay products of the other B in the event are analyzed

B. Aubert; R. Barate; D. Boutigny; F. Couderc; J.-M. Gaillard; A. Hicheur; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; A. Palano; A. Pompili; J. C. Chen; N. D. Qi; G. Rong; P. Wang; Y. S. Zhu; G. Eigen; I. Ofte; B. Stugu; G. S. Abrams; A. W. Borgland; A. B. Breon; D. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; E. Charles; C. T. Day; M. S. Gill; A. V. Gritsan; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; R. W. Kadel; J. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; P. J. Oddone; T. J. Orimoto; M. Pripstein; N. A. Roe; M. T. Ronan; V. G. Shelkov; W. A. Wenzel; M. Barrett; K. E. Ford; T. J. Harrison; A. J. Hart; C. M. Hawkes; S. E. Morgan; A. T. Watson; M. Fritsch; K. Goetzen; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Lewandowski; M. Pelizaeus; M. Steinke; J. T. Boyd; N. Chevalier; W. N. Cottingham; M. P. Kelly; T. E. Latham; F. F. Wilson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; C. Hearty; N. S. Knecht; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; D. Thiessen; A. Khan; P. Kyberd; L. Teodorescu; A. E. Blinov; V. E. Blinov; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; V. N. Ivanchenko; E. A. Kravchenko; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; A. N. Yushkov; D. Best; M. Bruinsma; M. Chao; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; M. Mandelkern; R. K. Mommsen; W. Roethel; D. P. Stoker; C. Buchanan; B. L. Hartfiel; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; B. C. Shen; K. Wang; D. del Re; H. K. Hadavand; E. J. Hill; D. B. Macfarlane; H. P. Paar; Sh. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; B. Dahmes; S. L. Levy; O. Long; A. Lu; M. A. Mazur; J. D. Richman; W. Verkerke; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. A. Heusch; W. S. Lockman; G. Nesom; T. Schalk; R. E. Schmitz; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; P. Spradlin; D. C. Williams; M. G. Wilson; J. Albert; E. Chen; G. P. Dubois-Felsmann; A. Dvoretskii; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; A. Ryd; A. Samuel; S. Yang; S. Jayatilleke; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; M. D. Sokoloff; T. Abe; F. Blanc; P. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; P. Rankin; J. G. Smith; J. Zhang; L. Zhang; A. Chen; J. L. Harton; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; Q. L. Zeng; D. Altenburg; T. Brandt; J. Brose; M. Dickopp; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. M. Lacker; R. Müller-Pfefferkorn; R. Nogowski; S. Otto; A. Petzold; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; B. Spaan; J. E. Sundermann; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; F. Brochard; P. Grenier; S. Schrenk; Ch. Thiebaux; G. Vasileiadis; M. Verderi; D. J. Bard; P. J. Clark; D. Lavin; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; V. Azzolini; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; G. Cibinetto; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; L. Piemontese; A. Sarti; E. Treadwell; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; P. Patteri; M. Piccolo; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Capra; R. Contri; G. Crosetti; M. Lo Vetere; M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; S. Bailey; G. Brandenburg; M. Morii; E. Won; R. S. Dubitzky; U. Langenegger; W. Bhimji; D. A. Bowerman; P. D. Dauncey; U. Egede; J. R. Gaillard; G. W. Morton; J. A. Nash; M. B. Nikolich; G. P. Taylor; M. J. Charles; G. J. Grenier; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; J. Lamsa; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; J. Yi; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; S. Laplace; F. Le Diberder; V. Lepeltier; A. M. Lutz; T. C. Petersen; S. Plaszczynski; M. H. Schune; L. Tantot; G. Wormser; C. H. Cheng; D. J. Lange; M. C. Simani; D. M. Wright; A. J. Bevan; C. A. Chavez; J. P. Coleman; I. J. Forster; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; R. J. Parry; D. J. Payne; R. J. Sloane; C. Touramanis; J. J. Back; C. M. Cormack; P. F. Harrison; F. di Lodovico; G. B. Mohanty; C. L. Brown; G. Cowan; R. L. Flack; H. U. Flaecher; M. G. Green; P. S. Jackson; T. R. McMahon; S. Ricciardi; F. Salvatore; M. A. Winter; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; M. C. Hodgkinson; G. D. Lafferty; A. J. Lyon; J. C. Williams; A. Farbin; W. D. Hulsbergen; A. Jawahery; D. Kovalskyi; C. K. Lae; V. Lillard; D. A. Roberts; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; K. T. Flood; S. S. Hertzbach; R. Kofler; V. B. Koptchev; T. B. Moore; S. Saremi; H. Staengle; S. Willocq; R. Cowan; G. Sciolla; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; D. J. Mangeol; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; J. Reidy; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; P. Taras; H. Nicholson; F. Fabozzi; C. Gatto; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; P. Paolucci; D. Piccolo; C. Sciacca; M. Baak; H. Bulten; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; L. Wilden; C. P. Jessop; J. M. Losecco; T. A. Gabriel; T. Allmendinger; B. Brau; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; D. Hufnagel; H. Kagan; R. Kass; T. Pulliam; A. M. Rahimi; R. Ter-Antonyan; Q. K. Wong; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; C. T. Potter; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; E. Torrence; F. Colecchia; A. Dorigo; F. Galeazzi

2005-01-01

39

Lepton Flavour Violation in Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Recent results from {tau} physics studies at BABAR are presented with an emphasis on Lepton Flavour Violation measurements. The results from the current generation of B-meson Factories are already beginning to constrain the parameter space of models that go beyond the Standard Model. By the end of their data-taking, the current generation of B-meson factories will have produced nearly 2 billion {tau} pair decays. The physics potential of this legacy has only just begun to be exploited.

Wilson, F.F.; /Rutherford

2011-11-07

40

Search for Lepton Flavor Violating Decays tau±-->l±omega  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for lepton flavor violating decays of a tau to a lighter-mass charged lepton and an omega vector meson is performed using 384.1fb-1 of e+e- annihilation data collected with the BABAR detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center PEP-II storage ring. No signal is found, and the upper limits on the branching ratios are determined to be B(tau±-->e±omega)<1.1×10-7 and

B. Aubert; M. Bona; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; N. Soni; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; A. R. Buzykaev; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; B. Echenard; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; R. Ayad; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni; C. Angelini; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; M. Carpinelli; R. Cenci; A. Cervelli

2008-01-01

41

Study of the tau- ---> pi- pi- pi+ pi0 pi0 nu/tau and tau- --> 3h- 2h+ nu/tau Decays Using the BaBar Detector  

SciTech Connect

The {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} 3h{sup -} 2h{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} decays have been studied using the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring. Preliminary branching fractions are given for the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} and to the sub-channels {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -} {pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {omega}(782){pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}. A preliminary upper limit is given on the branching fraction for the {phi}(1020){pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} mode. In addition a preliminary measurement of the branching fraction of the {tau}{sup -} {yields} 3h{sup -}2h{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} decay (h = {pi}, K) is presented.

Sobie, R.; /Victoria U.

2005-06-21

42

Searches for Lepton Flavor Violation in the Decays tau±-->e±gamma and tau±-->mu±gamma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Searches for lepton-flavor-violating decays of a tau lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a photon have been performed with the entire data set of (963±7)×106tau decays collected by the BABAR detector near the Upsilon(4S), Upsilon(3S) and Upsilon(2S) resonances. The searches yield no evidence of signals and we set upper limits on the branching fractions of B(tau±-->e±gamma)<3.3×10-8 and B(tau±-->mu±gamma)<4.4×10-8 at

B. Aubert; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; E. Prencipe; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; M. Martinelli; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; B. Hooberman; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Lynch; I. L. Osipenkov; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; C. M. Hawkes; N. Soni; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. J. Asgeirsson; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; A. Randle-Conde; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; A. R. Buzykaev; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; H. Atmacan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; G. M. Vitug; Z. Yasin; V. Sharma; C. Campagnari; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; M. A. Mazur; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; A. J. Martinez; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; L. Wang; L. O. Winstrom; C. H. Cheng; D. A. Doll; B. Echenard; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; P. Ongmongkolkul; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; P. C. Bloom; W. T. Ford; A. Gaz; J. F. Hirschauer; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; J. G. Smith; S. R. Wagner; R. Ayad; W. H. Toki; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; T. M. Karbach; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; M. J. Kobel; R. Nogowski; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; D. Bernard; E. Latour; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; S. Playfer; J. E. Watson; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; E. Fioravanti; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Munerato; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; V. Santoro; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; R. Contri; E. Guido; M. Lo Vetere; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; S. Tosi; M. Morii; A. Adametz; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; F. U. Bernlochner; H. M. Lacker; T. Lueck; A. Volk; P. D. Dauncey; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; N. Arnaud; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; D. Derkach; J. Firmino da Costa; G. Grosdidier; F. Le Diberder; V. Lepeltier; A. M. Lutz; B. Malaescu; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; C. K. Clarke; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; M. Sigamani; G. Cowan; S. Paramesvaran; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; W. Gradl; A. Hafner; K. E. Alwyn; D. Bailey; R. J. Barlow; G. Jackson; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; E. Salvati; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; S. W. Henderson; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; M. Schram; P. Biassoni; A. Lazzaro; V. Lombardo; F. Palombo; S. Stracka; L. Cremaldi; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; P. Sonnek; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; X. Nguyen; M. Simard; P. Taras; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; G. Onorato; C. Sciacca; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; W. F. Wang; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; S. J. Sekula; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; G. Castelli; N. Gagliardi; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; P. Del Amo Sanchez; E. Ben-Haim; G. R. Bonneaud; H. Briand; J. Chauveau; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; G. Marchiori; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; S. Sitt; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; E. Manoni; C. Angelini; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; G. Calderini; M. Carpinelli; A. Cervelli; F. Forti; M. A. Giorgi; A. Lusiani; M. Morganti; N. Neri; E. Paoloni; G. Rizzo; J. J. Walsh; D. Lopes Pegna; C. Lu; J. Olsen; A. J. S. Smith; A. V. Telnov; F. Anulli; E. Baracchini; G. Cavoto; R. Faccini; F. Ferrarotto; F. Ferroni; M. Gaspero; P. D. Jackson; L. Li Gioi; M. A. Mazzoni; S. Morganti; G. Piredda; F. Renga; C. Voena; M. Ebert; T. Hartmann; H. Schröder; R. Waldi; T. Adye; B. Franek; E. O. Olaiya; F. F. Wilson; S. Emery; L. Esteve; G. Hamel de Monchenault; W. Kozanecki; G. Vasseur; Ch. Yèche; M. Zito; M. T. Allen; D. Aston; D. J. Bard; R. Bartoldus; J. F. Benitez; R. Cenci; J. P. Coleman; M. R. Convery; J. C. Dingfelder; J. Dorfan; G. P. Dubois-Felsmann; W. Dunwoodie; R. C. Field; M. Franco Sevilla; B. G. Fulsom; A. M. Gabareen; M. T. Graham; P. Grenier; C. Hast

2010-01-01

43

Searches for Lepton flavor violation in the decays tau{+/-}-->e{+/-}gamma and tau{+/-}-->mu{+/-}gamma.  

PubMed

Searches for lepton-flavor-violating decays of a tau lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a photon have been performed with the entire data set of (963+/-7)x10{6} tau decays collected by the BABAR detector near the Upsilon(4S), Upsilon(3S) and Upsilon(2S) resonances. The searches yield no evidence of signals and we set upper limits on the branching fractions of B(tau{+/-}-->e{+/-}gamma)<3.3x10{-8} and B(tau{+/-}-->mu{+/-}gamma)<4.4x10{-8} at 90% confidence level. PMID:20366586

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Hooberman, B; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Ongmongkolkul, P; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Volk, A; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Firmino da Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Biassoni, P; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Nguyen, X; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Sekula, S J; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bard, D J; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Franco Sevilla, M; Fulsom, B G; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; Macfarlane, D B

2010-01-15

44

Hadronic Tau Decay Based Determinations of |V_us|  

E-print Network

I review sum rule determinations of |V_us| employing hadronic tau decay data, taking into account recent HFAG updates of exclusive tau branching fractions and paying special attention to the impact of the slow convergence of the relevant integrated D=2 OPE series and the potential role of contributions of as-yet-unmeasured higher multiplicity modes to the strange inclusive spectral distribution. In addition to conventional flavor-breaking sum rule determinations, information obtainable from mixed tau-electroproduction sum rules having much reduced OPE uncertainties, and from sum rules based on the inclusive strange decay distribution alone, is also considered. Earlier discrepancies with the expectations of 3-family unitarity are found to be reduced, both the switch to D=2 OPE treatments favored by self-consistency tests and the increase in the strange branching fractions playing a role in this reduction.

Kim Maltman

2011-01-10

45

Study of High-multiplicity 3-prong and 5-prong Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

We present measurements of the branching fractions of 3-prong and 5-prong {tau} decay modes using a sample of 430 million {tau} lepton pairs, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 468 fb{sup -1}, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} storage rings. The {tau}{sup -} {yields} (3{pi}){sup -} {eta}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup -} {yields} (3{pi}){sup -} {yields} {omega}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} f{sub 1}(1285){nu}{sub {tau}} branching fractions are presented as well as a new limit on the branching fraction of the isospin-forbidden, second-class current {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} {eta}{prime}(958){nu}{sub {tau}} decay. We find no evidence for charged kaons in these decay modes and place the first upper limits on their branching fractions.

Lees, J.P

2012-06-01

46

Search for CP Violation in the Decay tau- \\to pi- K^0_S (>= 0 pi0) nu_tau  

SciTech Connect

We report a search for CP violation in the decay {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}K{sub S}{sup 0}({>=} 0{pi}{sup 0}){nu}{sub {tau}} using a dataset of 437 million {tau} lepton pairs, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 476 fb{sup -1}, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} storage rings. The CP-violating decay-rate asymmetry is determined to be (-0.45 {+-} 0.24 {+-} 0.11)%, approximately three standard deviations from the Standard Model prediction of (0.33 {+-} 0.01)%.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Bari; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /Pisa U. /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas Nuclear Corp., Austin /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2012-02-16

47

A systematic resolution study of [tau][tau] decays at CMS at the LHC  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I perform a systematic resolution study for di-tau pairs at the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. I performed this analysis using Monte Carlo simulated events ...

Foote, Ryan Howard

2011-01-01

48

Measurement of the tau- to eta pi-pi+pi-nu tau Branching Fraction and a Search for a Second-Class Current in the tau- to eta'(958)pi-nu tau Decay  

SciTech Connect

The {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} decay with the {eta} {yields} {gamma}{gamma} mode is studied using 384 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the BABAR detector. The branching fraction is measured to be (1.60 {+-} 0.05 {+-} 0.11) x 10{sup -4}. It is found that {tau}{sup -} {yields} f{sub 1}(1285){pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} is the dominant decay mode with a branching fraction of (1.11 {+-} 0.06 {+-} 0.05) x 10{sup -4}. The first error on the branching fractions is statistical and the second systematic. In addition, a 90% confidence level upper limit on the branching fraction of the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{prime}(958){pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} decay is measured to be 7.2 x 10{sup -6}. This last decay proceeds through a second-class current and is expected to be forbidden in the limit of isospin symmetry.

Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Boutigny, D.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, David Nathan; Button-Shafer, J.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /Frascati /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Karlsruhe U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /Perugia U. /Pisa U. /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DSM, DAPNIA, Saclay /South Carolina U. /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /Turin U. /INFN, Turin /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison /Yale U.

2008-03-24

49

Exclusive branching-fraction measurements of semileptonic tau decays into three charged hadrons, into phipi(-)nu tau, and into phi K(-)nu tau.  

PubMed

Using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 342 fb(-1) collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II electron-positron storage ring operating at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV, we measure B(tau(-)--> pi(-)pi(-)pi+nu(tau)(ex.K(S0))=(8.83+/-0.01+/-0.13)%, B(tau(-) -->K(-)pi(-)pi+nu tau(ex.K(S0))=(0.273+/-0.002+/-0.009)%, B(tau(-) -->K(-)pi(-)K+nu tau)=(0.1346+/-0.0010+/-0.0036)%, and B(tau(-) -->K(-)K(-)K+nu tau)=(1.58+/-0.13+/-0.12)x10;{-5}, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. These include significant improvements over previous measurements and a first measurement of B(tau(-) -->K(-)K(-)K+nu tau) in which no resonance structure is assumed. We also report a first measurement of B(tau(-) -->var phi(-)nu tau)=(3.42+/-0.55+/-0.25)x10(-5), a new measurement of B(tau(-) -->var phi K(-)nu tau)=(3.39+/-0.20+/-0.28)x10(-5) and a first upper limit on B(tau(-) -->K(-)K(-)K+nu tau(ex.var phi)). PMID:18232752

Aubert, B; Bona, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Pegna, D Lopes; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; del Amo Sanchez, P; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schroeder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Roethel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, Ch; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Lee, C L; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Vazquez, W Panduro; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Staengle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; McLachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonyan, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Potter, C T; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H

2008-01-11

50

Application of TauSpinner for studies on tau-lepton polarization and spin correlations in Z, W and H decays at LHC  

E-print Network

The tau-lepton plays an important role in the physics program at LHC. Its spin can be used for separation of signal from background or in measuring properties of New Particles decaying to tau leptons. The TauSpinner package represents a tool to modify tau spin effects in any sample containing tau leptons. Generated events, featuring taus produced from intermediate state W, Z, H bosons can be used as an input. The information on the polarization and spin correlations is reconstructed from the kinematics of the tau lepton(s) (nutau in case of W-mediated processes) and tau decay products. By weights, attributed on the event-by-event basis, it enables numerical evaluation and/or modification of the spin effects. We review distributions to monitor spin effects in leptonic and hadronic tau decays with up to three pions, to provide benchmarks for validation of spin content of the event sample and to visualize the tau lepton spin polarization and correlation effects. The demonstration examples for use of TauSpinner libraries, are documented. New validation methods of such an approach are provided. Other topics, like TauSpinner systematic errors or sensitivity of experimental distributions to spin, are addressed in part only. This approach is of interest for implementation of spin effects in embedded tau lepton samples, where Z to mu mu events from data of muons are replaced by simulated tau leptons. Embedding is used at LHC for estimating Z to tau tau background to H to tau tau signatures.

A. Kaczmarska; J. Piatlicki; T. Przedzinski; E. Richter-Was; Z. Was

2014-02-10

51

Reconstruction and selection of $Z \\\\to \\\\tau\\\\tau \\\\to e+\\\\tau$-jet decays at the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tau leptons are important in Higgs searches, particularly within an MSSM scenario, where decays of electrically neutral (MSSM) Higgs bosons to two ? leptons have a significant branching ratio. The CMS detector is ideally placed to detect such signals both due its good tracking performance and the fine granularity of the electromagnetic calorimeter. However before such searches take place, it

K A Petridis-Torres; D Colling; A Nikitenko

2009-01-01

52

Search for Higgs bosons decaying into tau leptons with ATLAS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In these proceedings the status of the searches for Higgs bosons decaying with tau leptons (?) in the final state using the ATLAS detector are presented. The analyses search for Higgs bosons using up to ? L dt = 4.6 fb-1 of pp collision data at ?s = 7 TeV provided by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). No excess is observed above the expected background, and results are interpreted as limits on production cross sections excluded regions in the tan ? vs mA/mH± planes.

Randle-Conde, Aidan; Atlas Collaboration

2013-10-01

53

Measurement of Cabibbo-Suppressed Tau Lepton Decays and the Determination of |Vus|  

SciTech Connect

This work presents simultaneous branching fraction measurements of the decay modes {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -} n{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} with n = 0,1,2,3 and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} n{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} with n = 3,4. The analysis is based on a data sample of 427 x 10{sup 6} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} pairs recorded with the BABAR detector, which corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 464.4 fb{sup -1}. The measured values are {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (6.57 {+-} 0.03 {+-} 0.11) x 10{sup -3}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (4.61 {+-} 0.03 {+-} 0.11) x 10{sup -3}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (5.05 {+-} 0.17 {+-} 0.44) x 10{sup -4}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.31 {+-} 0.43 {+-} 0.40) x 10{sup -4}, {Beta}({tau}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.263 {+-} 0.008 {+-} 0.078) x 10{sup -2} and {Beta}({tau}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (9.6 {+-} 0.5 {+-} 1.2) x 10{sup -4}, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. All measurements are compatible with the current world averages whereas the uncertainties are significantly smaller by a factor of up to five. The determination of {Beta}({tau}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) is the first measurement of this branching fraction. The measured branching fractions are combined with the current world averages. Using the new averages, an updated determination of |V{sub us}| from hadronic {tau} decays yields |V{sub us}| = 0.2146 {+-} 0.0025, which improves previous measurements by 19%. Its uncertainty is comparable to the one of the current world average from semileptonic kaon decays.

Schenk, Stefan; /SLAC

2008-12-16

54

Leptonic decays of tau/sup -/ lepton: Finite. nu. /sub tau/ mass and effects of mass mixing  

SciTech Connect

A reexamination of the leptonic decays of the tau/sup -/ lepton with the inclusion of mass mixing of a hierarchical type provides mass limits as 389.98 +- 135.36 and 329.34 +- 172.07 MeV from the electronic and muonic decays, respectively. Slightly different values are obtained for Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing, but with no mass mixing, the limits are substantially higher. The decay probabilities are sensitive to mass mixing, whereas Michel spectra remain practically unaffected.

Sharma, R.R.L.; Sharma, N.K.

1984-04-01

55

Measurement of the tau---> h - h + h - v tau and tau---> h - h + h ->=1pi0 v tau branching ratios  

Microsoft Academic Search

The branching ratios of the tau---> h - h + h - v tau and tau---> h - h + h ->=1pi0 v tau decays, where h is either a charged pi or K meson, are measured using a data sample of 87861 tau+tau- pairs collected with the OPAL detector at LEP. The two branching ratios are extracted simultaneously from

R. Akers; G. Alexander; J. Allison; N. Altekamp; K. Ametewee; K. J. Anderson; S. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; D. Axen; G. Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J. R. Batley; G. Beaudoin; S. Bethke; A. Beck; G. A. Beck; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; S. Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; J. Bechtluft; O. Biebel; I. J. Bloodworth; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; S. Braibant; P. Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; A. Buijs; H. J. Burckhart; R. Bürgin; C. Burgard; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; J. C. Clayton; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; O. C. Cooke; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C. Darling; S. de Jong; L. A. Del Pozo; H. Deng; M. S. Dixit; E. Do Couto E Silva; J. E. Duboscq; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; U. C. Dunwoody; J. E. G. Edwards; P. G. Estabrooks; H. G. Evans; F. Fabbri; B. Fabbro; M. Fanti; P. Fath; F. Fiedler; M. Fierro; M. Fincke-Keeler; H. M. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; S. M. Gascon-Shotkin; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; J. D. Gillies; J. Goldberg; D. M. Gingrich; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; E. Gross; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; M. Hapke; C. K. Hargrove; P. A. Hart; C. Hartmann; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; R. Hawkings; R. J. Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; R. J. Homer; A. K. Honma; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; D. E. Hutchcroft; P. Igo-Kemenes; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; A. Joly; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; P. Jovanovic; D. Karlen; J. Kanzaki; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; R. K. Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; B. J. King; J. King; J. Kirk; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R. Kowalewski; T. Kress; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; W. P. Lai; D. Lanske; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; D. Lellouch; J. Letts; L. Levinson; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; M. J. Losty; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; A. Malik; M. Mannelli; S. Marcllini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; T. Mashimo; W. Matthews; P. Mättig; J. McKenna; E. A. McKigney; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; F. Meijers; S. Menke; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; A. Michelini; G. Mikenberg; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; N. J. Oldershaw; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; F. Palmonari; J. P. Pansart; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J. Pinfold; D. E. Plane; P. Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; M. W. Redmond; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. G. Rison; S. A. Robins; N. Rodning; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; P. Schütz; M. Schulz; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; M. Settles; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; R. Sobie; S. Söldner-Rembold; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; M. Starks; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; D. Strom; P. Szymanski; R. Tafirout; P. Taras; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; P. Teixeira-Dias; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; E. von Törne; S. Towers; M. Tscheulin; T. Tsukamoto; A. S. Turcot; M. F. Turner-Watson; P. Utzat; R. van Kooten; G. Vasseur; P. Vikas; M. Vincter; F. Wäckerle; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S. Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; G. Yekutieli; V. Zacek; W. Zeuner; G. T. Zorn

1995-01-01

56

Kaon content of three-prong decays of the tau lepton  

SciTech Connect

We present a series of measurements involving the production of charged kaons in three-prong hadronic decays of the {tau} lepton. The data sample was obtained with the TPC/Two-Gamma detector facility at PEP. We set a limit on the branching fraction BR({tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}K{sup 0}) < 0.26% at the 95% confidence level. The process {tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}K{sup 0} is related via SU(3) to the second-class current decay {tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}{pi}{sup {minus}}{eta}. We also present new measurements of the three-prong branching fractions BR({tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} + neutrals) = 0.70 (+0.20/{minus}0.17)% and BR({tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}K{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} + neutrals) = 0.16 (+0.10/{minus}0.07)%. 68 refs., 29 figs., 15 tabs.

Eastman, J.J.

1990-12-01

57

Search for Rare Multi-Pion Decays of the Tau Lepton Using the BABAR Detector  

SciTech Connect

A search for the decay of the {tau} lepton to rare multi-pion final states is performed using the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. The analysis uses 232 fb-1 of data at center-of-mass energies on or near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. In the search for the {tau}- {yields} 3{pi}-2{pi}+2{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} decay, we observe 10 events with an expected background of 6.5{sup +2.0}{sub -1.4} events. In the absence of a signal, we calculate the decay branching ratio upper limit {beta}({tau}- {yields} 3{pi}-2{pi}+2{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) < 3.4 x 10{sup -6} at the 90% confidence level. This is more than a factor of 30 improvement over the previously established limit. In addition, we search for the exclusive decay mode {tau}- {yields} 2{omega}{pi}-{nu}{sub {tau}} with the further decay of {omega} {yields} {pi}-{pi}+{pi}{sup 0}. We observe 1 event, expecting 0.4{sup +1.0}{sub -0.4} background events, and calculate the upper limit {beta}{tau}-{yields} 2{omega}{pi}-{nu}{sub {tau}} < 5.4 x 10{sup -7} at the 90% confidence level. This is the first upper limit for this mode.

Ter-Antonyan, Ruben; /Ohio State U.; ,

2007-09-18

58

Measurement of the spectral functions of vector current hadronic tau decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

A measurement of the spectral functions of non-strange $\\\\tau$ vector current final states is presented, using 124 358 $\\\\tau$ pairs recorded by the ALEPH detector at LEP during the years 1991 to 1994. The spectral functions of the dominant two- and four-pion $\\\\tau$ decay channels are compared to published results of $e^+e^-$ annihilation experiments via isospin rotation. A combined fit

Damir Buskulic; D. Decamp; P. Ghez; C. Goy; J P Lees; A Lucotte; M N Minard; J Y Nief; B Pietrzyk; M P Casado; M Chmeissani; P Comas; J M Crespo; M C Delfino; E Fernández; M Fernández-Bosman; L Garrido; A Juste; M Martínez; R Miquel; L M Mir; S Orteu; C Padilla; I C Park; A Pascual; J A Perlas; I Riu; F Sánchez; F Teubert; A Colaleo; D Creanza; M De Palma; G Gelao; Giuseppe Iaselli; G Maggi; M Maggi; N Marinelli; S Nuzzo; A Ranieri; G Raso; F Ruggieri; G Selvaggi; L Silvestris; P Tempesta; A Tricomi; G Zito; X Huang; J Lin; Q Ouyang; T Wang; Y Xie; R Xu; S Xue; J Zhang; L Zhang; W Zhao; D Abbaneo; R Alemany; U Becker; A O Bazarko; P G Bright-Thomas; M Cattaneo; F Cerutti; H Drevermann; Roger W Forty; M Frank; R Hagelberg; J Harvey; P Janot; B Jost; E Kneringer; J Knobloch; Ivan Lehraus; G Lutters; P Mato; Adolf G Minten; L Moneta; A Pacheco; J F Pusztaszeri; F Ranjard; P E Rensing; G Rizzo; Luigi Rolandi; W D Schlatter; M Schmitt; O Schneider; W Tejessy; I R Tomalin; H W Wachsmuth; A Wagner; Ziad J Ajaltouni; A Barrès; C Boyer; A Falvard; C Ferdi; P Gay; C Guicheney; P Henrard; J Jousset; B Michel; S Monteil; J C Montret; D Pallin; P Perret; F Podlyski; J Proriol; P Rosnet; J M Rossignol; Tom Fearnley; J B Hansen; J D Hansen; P H Hansen; B S Nilsson; B Rensch; A Wäänänen; G Daskalakis; A Kyriakis; C Markou; Errietta Simopoulou; I Siotis; Anna Vayaki; A Blondel; G R Bonneaud; J C Brient; P Bourdon; A Rougé; M Rumpf; Andrea Valassi; M Verderi; H L Videau; D J Candlin; M I Parsons; E Focardi; G Parrini; K Zachariadou; M Corden; C H Georgiopoulos; D E Jaffe; A Antonelli; G Bencivenni; G Bologna; F Bossi; P Campana; G Capon; David William Casper; V Chiarella; G Felici; P Laurelli; G Mannocchi; F Murtas; G P Murtas; L Passalacqua; M Pepé-Altarelli; L Curtis; S J Dorris; A W Halley; I G Knowles; J G Lynch; V O'Shea; C Raine; J M Scarr; K Smith; P Teixeira-Dias; A S Thompson; E Thomson; F Thomson; R M Turnbull; C Geweniger; G Graefe; P Hanke; G Hansper; V Hepp; E E Kluge; A Putzer; M Schmidt; J Sommer; K Tittel; S Werner; M Wunsch; R Beuselinck; David M Binnie; W Cameron; Peter J Dornan; M Girone; S M Goodsir; E B Martin; A Moutoussi; J Nash; J K Sedgbeer; A M Stacey; M D Williams; G Dissertori; P Girtler; D Kuhn; G Rudolph; A P Betteridge; C K Bowdery; P Colrain; G Crawford; A J Finch; F Foster; G Hughes; Terence Sloan; M I Williams; A Galla; I Giehl; A M Greene; C Hoffmann; K Jakobs; K Kleinknecht; G Quast; B Renk; E Rohne; H G Sander; P Van Gemmeren; C Zeitnitz; Jean-Jacques Aubert; C Benchouk; A Bonissent; G Bujosa; D Calvet; J Carr; P Coyle; C A Diaconu; F Etienne; N P Konstantinidis; O Leroy; F Motsch; P Payre; D Rousseau; M Talby; A Sadouki; M Thulasidas; K Trabelsi; M Aleppo; F Ragusa; R Berlich; Walter Blum; V Büscher; H Dietl; Friedrich Dydak; G Ganis; C Gotzhein; H Kroha; G Lütjens; Gerhard Lutz; W Männer; H G Moser; R H Richter; A Rosado-Schlosser; S Schael; Ronald Settles; H C J Seywerd; R Saint-Denis; H Stenzel; W Wiedenmann; G Wolf; J Boucrot; O Callot; S Chen; Y Choi; A Cordier; M Davier; L Duflot; J F Grivaz; P Heusse; A Höcker; A Jacholkowska; M Jacquet; D W Kim; F R Le Diberder; J Lefrançois; A M Lutz; I A Nikolic; M H Schune; S Simion; E Tournefier; J J Veillet; I Videau; D Zerwas; P Azzurri; G Bagliesi; G Batignani; S Bettarini; C Bozzi; G Calderini; M Carpinelli; M A Ciocci; V Ciulli; R Dell'Orso; R Fantechi; I Ferrante; L Foà; F Forti; A Giassi; M A Giorgi; A Gregorio; F Ligabue; A Lusiani; P S Marrocchesi; A Messineo; Fabrizio Palla; G Sanguinetti; A Sciabà; P Spagnolo; Jack Steinberger; Roberto Tenchini; G Tonelli; C Vannini; A Venturi; P G Verdini; G A Blair; L M Bryant; J T Chambers; Y Gao; M G Green; T Medcalf; P Perrodo; J A Strong; J H Von Wimmersperg-Töller; David R Botterill; R W Clifft; T R Edgecock; S Haywood; P Maley; P R Norton; J C Thompson; A E Wright; B Bloch-Devaux; P Colas; S Emery; Witold Kozanecki; E Lançon; M C Lemaire; E Locci; P Pérez; J Rander; J F Renardy; A Roussarie; J P Schuller; J Schwindling; A Trabelsi; B Vallage; S N Black; J H Dann; R P Johnson; H Y Kim; A M Litke; M A McNeil; G Taylor; C N Booth; R Boswell; C A J Brew; S L Cartwright; F Combley; M S Kelly; M H Lehto; W M Newton; J Reeve; L F Thompson; A Böhrer; S Brandt; G D Cowan; Claus Grupen; P Saraiva; L Smolik; F Stephan; M Apollonio; L Bosisio; R Della Marina; G Giannini; B Gobbo; G Musolino; J E Rothberg; S R Wasserbaech; S R Armstrong; E Charles; P Elmer; D P S Ferguson; S González; T C Greening; O J Hayes; H Hu; S Jin; P A McNamara; J M Nachtman; J Nielsen; W Orejudos; Y B Pan; Y Saadi; I J Scott; J Walsh; Wu Sau Lan; X Wu; J M Yamartino; G Zobernig

1997-01-01

59

Software for physics of tau lepton decay in LHC experiments  

E-print Network

Software development in high energy physics experiments offers unique experience with rapidly changing environment and variety of different standards and frameworks that software must be adapted to. As such, regular methods of software development are hard to use as they do not take into account how greatly some of these changes influence the whole structure. The following thesis summarizes development of TAUOLA C++ Interface introducing tau decays to new event record standard. Documentation of the program is already published. That is why it is not recalled here again. We focus on the development cycle and methodology used in the project, starting from the definition of the expectations through planning and designing the abstract model and concluding with the implementation. In the last part of the paper we present installation of the software within different experiments surrounding Large Hadron Collider and the problems that emerged during this process.

Tomasz Przedzinski

2010-09-20

60

Experimental limit on the decay tau--->nutauK-K0  

Microsoft Academic Search

We set an upper limit on the branching fraction B(tau--->nutauK-K0)<0.26% at the 95% confidence level. The data sample was obtained with the TPC\\/Two-Gamma detector facility at the SLAC e+e- storage ring PEP. The process tau--->nutauK-K0 is related via SU(3) to the second-class-current decay tau--->nutaupi-eta. Our limit is nearly 20 times smaller than the recently reported branching fraction B(tau--->nutaupi-eta) of (5.1+\\/-1.0+\\/-1.2)%,

H. Aihara; M. Alston-Garnjost; R. E. Avery; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; A. R. Barker; A. V. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; D. A. Bauer; H.-U. Bengtsson; D. L. Bintinger; G. J. Bobbink; T. S. Bolognese; A. D. Bross; C. D. Buchanan; A. Buijs; D. O. Caldwell; A. R. Clark; G. D. Cowan; D. A. Crane; O. I. Dahl; K. A. Derby; J. J. Eastman; P. H. Eberhard; T. K. Edberg; A. M. Eisner; R. Enomoto; F. C. Erné; T. Fujii; J. W. Gary; W. Gorn; J. M. Hauptman; W. Hofmann; J. E. Huth; J. Hylen; T. Kamae; H. S. Kaye; K. H. Kees; R. W. Kenney; L. T. Kerth; Winston Ko; R. I. Koda; R. R. Kofler; K. K. Kwong; R. L. Lander; W. G. Langeveld; J. G. Layter; F. L. Linde; C. S. Lindsey; S. C. Loken; A. Lu; X.-Q. Lu; G. R. Lynch; R. J. Madaras; K. Maeshima; B. D. Magnuson; J. N. Marx; G. E. Masek; L. G. Mathis; J. A. Matthews; S. J. Maxfield; S. O. Melnikoff; E. S. Miller; W. Moses; R. R. McNeil; P. Nemethy; D. R. Nygren; P. J. Oddone; H. P. Paar; D. A. Park; S. K. Park; D. E. Pellett; M. Pripstein; M. T. Ronan; R. R. Ross; F. R. Rouse; K. A. Schwitkis; J. C. Sens; G. Shapiro; M. D. Shapiro; B. C. Shen; W. E. Slater; J. R. Smith; J. S. Steinman; M. L. Stevenson; D. H. Stork; M. G. Strauss; M. K. Sullivan; T. Takahashi; J. R. Thompson; N. Toge; S. Toutounchi; R. van Tyen; B. van Uitert; G. J. Vandalen; R. F. van Daalen Wetters; W. Vernon; W. Wagner; E. M. Wang; Y. X. Wang; M. R. Wayne; W. A. Wenzel; J. T. White; M. C. Williams; Z. R. Wolf; H. Yamamoto; S. J. Yellin; C. Zeitlin; W.-M. Zhang

1987-01-01

61

Search for lepton flavor violation in the decay tau+/- --> mu+ gamma.  

PubMed

A search for the nonconservation of lepton flavor number in the decay tau(+/-) --> mu(+/-) has been performed using 2.07 x 10(8) e(+ )e(-) tau(+) tau(-) events produced at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage ring. We find no evidence for a signal and set an upper limit on the branching ratio of Beta(tau(+/-) --> mu(+/-) gamma) < 6.8 x 10(-8) at 90% confidence level. PMID:16090796

Aubert, B; Barate, R; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Grauges-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schroeder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; Mommsen, R K; Roethel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Weinstein, A J R; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, Sh; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q; Spaan, B; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Maly, E; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schott, G; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, Ch; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Marks, J; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Mohapatra, A K; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Yi, J; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Giroux, X; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Pierini, M; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Cormack, C M; Di Lodovico, F; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flaecher, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Chen, C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Staengle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonyan, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M

2005-07-22

62

Search for lepton flavor violation in the decay tau+/--->e+/-gamma.  

PubMed

A search for the nonconservation of lepton flavor in the decay tau+/--->e+/-gamma has been performed with 2.07x10(8) e+e--->tau+tau- events collected by the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP II storage ring at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV. We find no evidence for a signal and set an upper limit on the branching ratio of Beta(tau+/--->e+/-gamma)<1.1x10(-7) at 90% confidence level. PMID:16486807

Aubert, B; Barate, R; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schroeder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Mommsen, R K; Roethel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Weinstein, A J R; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Macfarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Minamora, J S; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, Ch; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Won, E; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Schott, G; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Gaillard, J R; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Vazquez, W Panduro; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mader, W F; Mallik, U; Mohapatra, A K; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Yi, J; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Giroux, X; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Cormack, C M; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Green, M G; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Edgar, C L; Hodgkinson, M C; Kelly, M P; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Staengle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Viaud, B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; Losecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T

2006-02-01

63

Search for Lepton Flavor Violation in the Decay tau -> electron gamma  

SciTech Connect

A search for the non-conservation of lepton flavor in the decay {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} e{sup {+-}}{gamma} has been performed with 2.07 x 10{sup 8} e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} events collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage ring at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV. They find no evidence for a signal and set an upper limit on the branching ratio of {Beta}({tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} e{sup {+-}}{gamma}) < 1.1 x 10{sup -7} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San

2005-08-26

64

High-Statistics Study of the tau^- -> pi^- pi^0 nu_tau Decay  

E-print Network

We report a high-statistics measurement of the branching fraction for tau^- --> pi^- pi^0 nu_tau and the invariant mass spectrum of the produced pi^- pi^0 system using 72.2 fb^-1 of data recorded with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e^+ e^- collider. The branching fraction obtained is (25.24 +/- 0.01 +/- 0.39)%, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. The unfolded pi^- pi^0 mass spectrum is used to determine resonance parameters for the rho(770), rho'(1450), and rho"(1700) mesons. We also use this spectrum to estimate the hadronic (2pi) contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (a_{mu}^{pipi}). Our result for a_{mu}^{pipi} integrated over the mass range sqrt{s} = 2m_{pi} - 1.8 GeV/c^2 is a_{mu}^{pipi} = (523.5 +/- 1.5 (exp) +/- 2.6 (Br) +/- 2.5 (isospin))x 10^{-10}, where the first error is due to the experimental uncertainties, the second is due to the uncertainties in the branching fractions and the third is due to the uncertainties in the isospin-violating corrections.

M. Fujikawa; H. Hayashii; S. Eidelman; for the Belle Collaboration

2008-10-29

65

Studies of the Strange Hadronic Tau Decay Tau- to K0(S) Pi- Nu-Tau Using the BaBar Detector  

SciTech Connect

A study of the decay {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}} (K{sub S}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) using the BABAR detector is presented. Using 124.4 fb{sup -1} of data we measure {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar K}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.830 {+-} 0.005(stat) {+-} 0.042(syst))%, which is the world's most precise measurement to date of this branching ratio, and is consistent with the current world average. This preliminary result, unlike most of the {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar K}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) measurements already published, is systematics dominated and so the biggest future improvement to this number should come from reducing the systematic uncertainties in the analysis. A study of the K{pi} mass spectrum, from which the strange (K{pi}) spectral function can be measured, reveals excess contributions above the K*(892) tail at higher K{pi} mass. While in the past this has been thought to be due to K*(892) - K*(1410) interference, we find that the K*(1410), whose branching ratio to K{pi} is approximately 7%, seems insufficient to explain the excess mass observed in the data. Instead, we perform a fit using a K*(892) - K*(1680) interference model and find better agreement. The discrepancy that remains could be due to an s-wave contribution to the interference that is not parameterized in the model used, and/or detector smearing that is not accounted for in our fit. We also attempt to find an s-wave contribution to the K{pi} mass spectrum by searching for an sp-interference effect. While we find a hint that such an effect exists, we have neither the confidence in the statistics nor systematics in the higher K{pi} mass region to announce an observation. We conclude that it would be a worthwhile study to pursue.

Lyon, Andrew J.; /Manchester U. /SLAC

2006-01-27

66

Search for B+-->tau+nu decays with hadronic B tags  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the decay B+-->tau+nu using 383×106 BB¯ pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B Factory. We select a sample of events with one completely reconstructed tag B in a hadronic decay mode (B--->D(*)0X-), and examine the rest of the event to search for a B+-->tau+nu decay. We identify

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; D. Bailey; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; G. Onorato; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney

2008-01-01

67

Search for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a pair of tau leptons in pp collisions  

E-print Network

A search for neutral Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) decaying to tau-lepton pairs in pp collisions is performed, using events recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The ...

CMS Collaboration

68

Search for the Decay $\\tau^- \\rightarrow 3\\pi^- 2\\pi^+2\\pi^0 \  

SciTech Connect

A search for the decay of the {tau} lepton to five charged and two neutral pions is performed using data collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. The analysis uses 232 fb{sup -1} of data at center-of-mass energies on or near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. We observe 10 events with an expected background of 6.5{sub -1.4}{sup +2.0} events. In the absence of a signal, we set the limit on the branching ratio {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} 3{pi}{sup -}2{pi}{sup +}2{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) < 3.4 x 10{sup -6} at the 90% confidence level. This is a significant improvement over the previously established limit. In addition, we search for the decay mode {tau}{sup -} {yields} 2{omega}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}. We observe 1 event with an expected background of 0.4{sub -0.4}{sup +1.0} events and calculate the upper limit {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} 2{omega}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) < 5.4 x 10{sup -7} at the 90% confidence level. This is the first upper limit for this mode.

Aubert, B.

2006-04-10

69

Normal tau polarisation as a sensitive probe of CP violation in chargino decay  

E-print Network

CP violation in the spin-spin correlations in chargino production and subsequent two-body decay into a tau and a tau-sneutrino is studied at the ILC. From the normal polarisation of the tau, an asymmetry is defined to test the CP-violating phase of the higgsino mass parameter \\mu. Asymmetries of more than \\pm70% are obtained, also in scenarios with heavy first and second generation sfermions. Bounds on the statistical significances of the CP asymmetries are estimated. As a result, the normal tau polarisation in the chargino decay is one of the most sensitive probes to constrain or measure the phase \\phi_\\mu at the ILC, motivating further detailed experimental studies.

Herbi K. Dreiner; Olaf Kittel; Anja Marold

2010-01-26

70

A measurement of tau polarization at LEP  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a data sample of 86 000 Z --> tau+tau-(gamma) events collected in 1990 through 1993 we have measured the polarization of tau-leptons as a function of the production polar angle using the following 1-prong tau decay modes: tau--->e-vevtau, tau--->pi- (K-)vtau, tau--->varrho-vtau and tau--->a1-vtau. We obtain for the ratio vector to axial-vector weak neutral couplings for electrons gVe\\/gAe=0.0791+\\/-0.0099(stat)+\\/-0.0025 (syst) and

M. Acciarri; A. Adam; O. Adriani; M. Aguilar-Benitez; S P Ahlen; J. Alcaraz; A. Aloisio; G. Alverson; M. G. Alviggi; G. Ambrosi; Q. An; H. Anderhub; A. L. Anderson; V. P. Andreev; T. Angelescu; L. Antonov; D. Antreasyan; G. Alkhazov; P. Arce; A. Arefiev; T. Azemoon; T. Aziz; P. V. K. S. Baba; P. Bagnaia; J. A. Bakken; L. Baksay; R. C. Ball; S. Banerjee; K. Banicz; R. Barillère; L. Barone; A. Baschirotto; M. Basile; R. Battiston; A. Bay; F. Becattini; U. Becker; F. Behner; Gy. L. Bencze; J. Berdugo; P. Berges; B. Bertucci; B. L. Betev; M. Biasini; A. Biland; G. M. Bilei; R. Bizzarri; J. J. Blaising; Gerjan J Bobbink; R K Böck; A. Böhm; B. Borgia; A. Boucham; D. Bourilkov; Maurice Bourquin; D. Boutigny; B T Bouwens; Elena Brambilla; J. G. Branson; V. Brigljevic; I. C. Brock; M. Brooks; A T Bujak; J. D. Burger; W. J. Burger; C. Burgos; J K Busenitz; A O Buytenhuijs; A. Bykov; X. D. Cai; M. Capell; G. Cara Romeo; M. Caria; G. Carlino; A. M. Cartacci; J. Casaus; R. Castello; N. Cavallo; M Cerrada-Canales; F. Cesaroni; M Chamizo-Llatas; Y. H. Chang; U. K. Chaturvedi; M. Chemarin; A. Chen; G. Chen; H. F. Chen; H. S. Chen; M. Chen; G. Chiefari; C. Y. Chien; M. T. Choi; S. Chung; Luisa Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; C. Civinini; I. Clare; R. Clare; T. E. Coan; H. O. Cohn; G. Coignet; N. Colino; S. Costantini; F. Cotorobai; B. de La Cruz; X. T. Cui; X. Y. Cui; T. S. Dai; R. D'Alessandro; R. de Asmundis; A. Degré; K. Deiters; E. Dénes; P. Denes; F. Denotaristefani; Daryl DiBitonto; M. Diemoz; H. R. Dimitrov; C. Dionisi; Michael Dittmar; L. Djambazov; I. Dorne; M. T. Dova; E. Drago; D. Duchesneau; F. Duhem; P. Duinker; I. Duran; S. Dutta; S. Easo; H. El Mamouni; A. Engler; F. J. Eppling; F. C. Erné; Pierre Extermann; R. Fabbretti; M. Fabre; S. Falciano; A. Favara; J. Fay; Marta Felcini; T. Ferguson; D. Fernandez; G. Fernandez; F. Ferroni; H S Fesefeldt; E. Fiandrini; J. H. Field; Frank Filthaut; P. H. Fisher; G. Forconi; L. Fredj; Klaus Freudenreich; M. Gailloud; Yu. Galaktionov; E. Gallo; S. N. Ganguli; P. Garcia-Abia; S. Gentile; J. Gerald; N. Gheordanescu; S. Giagu; S. Goldfarb; J. Goldstein; Z. F. Gong; E. Gonzalez; Andreas Gougas; D. Goujon; Giorgio Gratta; M. W. Gruenewald; C. Gu; M. Guanziroli; V. K. Gupta; A. Gurtu; H. R. Gustafson; L. J. Gutay; A. Hasan; D. Hauschildt; J. T. He; T. Hebbeker; M. Hebert; A. Hervé; K. Hilgers; H. Hofer; H. Hoorani; S. R. Hou; G. Hu; B. Ille; M. M. Ilyas; Vincenzo Innocente; H. Janssen; B. N. Jin; L. W. Jones; P. de Jong; I. Josa-Mutuberria; A. Kasser; R. A. Khan; Yu A Kamyshkov; P. Kapinos; J. S. Kapustinsky; Yu Karyotakis; M. Kaur; S. Khokhar; M. N. Kienzle-Focacci; D. Kim; J. K. Kim; S. C. Kim; Y. G. Kim; W. W. Kinnison; A. Kirkby; D. Kirkby; S. Kirsch; W. Kittel; A. Klimentov; A. C. König; E. Koffeman; O. Kornadt; V F Koutsenko; A. Koulbardis; R. W. Kraemer; T. Kramer; V. R. Krastev; W. Krenz; H. Kuijten; K. S. Kumar; A. Kunin; P. Ladron de Guevara; G. Landi; D. Lanske; S. Lanzano; A. Lebedev; P. Lebrun; P. Lecomte; P. Lecoq; P. Le Coultre; D. M. Lee; J. S. Lee; K. Y. Lee; I D Leedom; C. Leggett; J. M. Le Goff; R. Leiste; M. Lenti; E. Leonardi; P. Levtchenko; Li Chuan; E H Lieb; W. T. Lin; Frank L Linde; B. Lindemann; L. Lista; Y. Liu; W. Lohmann; E. Longo; W. Lu; Y. S. Lu; J. M. Lubbers; K. Lübelsmeyer; C. Luci; D. Luckey; L. Ludovici; L. Luminari; W. Lustermann; W. G. Ma; M. MacDermott; M. Maity; L. Malgeri; R. Malik; A. Malinin; C. Maña; S. Mangla; M. Maolinbay; P A Marchesini; A. Marin; J. P. Martin; F. Marzano; G. G. G. Massaro; K. Mazumdar; P. McBride; T. McMahon; D. McNally; S. Mele; M. Merk; L. Merola; M. Meschini; W. J. Metzger; Y. Mi; A. Mihul; G. B. Mills; Y. Mir; G. Mirabelli; J. Mnich; M. Möller; V. Monaco; B. Monteleoni; R. Morand; S. Morganti; N. E. Moulai; R. Mount; S. Müller; E. Nagy; M. Napolitano; F. Nessi-Tedaldi; H. Newman; M. A. Niaz; A. Nippe; H. Nowak; G. Organtini; D. Pandoulas; S. Paoletti; P. Paolucci; G. Pascale; G. Passaleva; S. Patricelli; T. Paul; M. Pauluzzi; C. Paus; Felicitas Pauss; Y. J. Pei; S. Pensotti; D. Perret-Gallix; A. Pevsner; D. Piccolo; M. Pieri; J. C. Pinto; P. A. Piroué; E. Pistolesi; F. Plasil; V. Plyaskin; M. Pohl; V Pozhidaev; H. Postema; N. Produit; J. M. Qian; K. N. Qureshi; R. Raghavan; G. Rahal-Callot; P. G. Rancoita; M. Rattaggi; G. Raven; P A Razis; K. Read; M. Redaelli; D. Ren; Z. Ren; M. Rescigno; S. Reucroft; A. Ricker; S. Riemann; B. C. Riemers; K. Riles; O. Rind; H. A. Rizvi; S. Ro; A. Robohm; F J Rodríguez-Calonge; B. P. Roe; M. Röhner; S. Röhner; L. Romero; S. Rosier-Lees; R. Rosmalen; Ph. Rosselet; W. van Rossum; S. Roth; André Rubbia; Juan Antonio Rubio; H. Rykaczewski; J. Salicio; E. Sanchez; G. S. Sanders; A. Santocchia; M. E. Sarakinos; S. Sarkar; G. Sartorelli; M. Sassowsky; G. Sauvage; C. Schäfer; V. Schegelsky; D. Schmitz; P. Schmitz; M. Schneegans; N. Scholz

1994-01-01

71

Search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau(+)tau(-) pairs in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for the production of neutral Higgs bosons decaying into {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} pairs in p{bar p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb{sup -1}, were collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We set upper limits at the 95% C.L. on the product of production cross section and branching ratio for a scalar resonance decaying into {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} pairs, and we interpret these limits as limits on the production of Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) and as constraints in the MSSM parameter space.

Abazov, V.M.; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Achary, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Alves, G. A.; Aoki, M.; Arov, M.; Askew, A.; Asman, B.; Atramentov, O.; Avila, C.; BackusMayes, J.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Baringer, P.; Barreto, J.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bazterra, V.; Beale, S.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Begel, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bellantoni, L.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besancon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bezzubov, V. A.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Bose, T.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, O.; Brock, R.; Brooijmans, G.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Brown, J.; Bu, X. B.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Burnett, T. H.; Buszello, C. P.; Calpas, B.; Camacho-Perez, E.; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M. A.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Chen, G.; Chevalier-Thery, S.; Cho, D. K.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M. -C.; Croc, A.; Cutts, D.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; De, K.; de Jong, S. J.; De La Cruz-Burelo, E.; Deliot, F.; Demarteau, M.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Deterre, C.; DeVaughan, K.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Ding, P. F.; Dominguez, A.; Dorland, T.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, A.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Facini, G.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fuess, S.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; Gavrilov, V.; Gay, P.; Geng, W.; Gerbaudo, D.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Ginther, G.; Golovanov, G.; Goussiou, A.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Greenwood, Z. D.; Gregores, E. M.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J. -F.; Grohsjea, A.; Gruenendahl, S.; Gruenewald, M. W.; Guillemin, T.; Guo, F.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haas, A.; Hagopia, S.; Haley, J.; Hang, L.; Harder, K.; Harein, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Head, T.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegab, H.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Heredia-De La Cruz, I.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoangau, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hohlfeld, M.; Hubacek, Z.; Huske, N.; Hynek, V.; Lashvili, I.; Ilchenko, Y.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffre, M.; Jamin, D.; Jayasinghe, A.; Jesik, R.; Johns, K.; Johnson, M.; Johnston, D.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Joshi, J.; Jung, A. W.; Juste, A.; Kaadze, K.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I. I.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Kirby, M. H.; Kohli, J. M.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kulikov, S.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kurca, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Kvita, J.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, S. W.; Lee, W. M.; Lellouch, J.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lietti, S. M.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Z.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; de Sa, R. Lopes; Lubatti, H. J.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Mackin, D.; Madar, R.; Magana-Villalba, R.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martinez-Ortega, J.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; et al.

2012-02-01

72

Observation of the Semileptonic Decays B to D*taunu and Evidence for B to D tau nu  

SciTech Connect

We present measurements of the semileptonic decays B{sup -} {yields} D{sup 0}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, B{sup -} {yields} D{sup *0}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, B{sup -} {yields} D{sup +}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, and B{sup -} {yields} D{sup *+}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, which are potentially sensitive to non-Standard Model amplitudes, The data sample comprises 232 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(4s) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected with the BABAR detector. From a combined fit to B{sup -} and {bar B}{sup 0} channels, we obtain the branching fractions {beta}(B {yields} D{sub {tau}}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}) = (0:86 {+-} 0:24 {+-} 0:11 {+-} 0:06)% and {beta}(B {yields} D*{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}) = (1:62 {+-} 0:31 {+-} 0:10 {+-} 0:05)% (normalized for the {bar B}{sup 0}), , where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and normalization-mode-related.

B., Aubert

2007-09-14

73

Measurement of the spectral functions of axial-vector hadronic $\\\\tau$ decays and determination of $\\\\alpha_{s}(M^2_\\\\tau)$  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis based on 124000 selected tau pairs recorded by the ALEPH detector at LEP provides the vector (V) and axial-vector (A) spectral functions of hadronic tau decays together with their total widths. This allows the evaluation of finite energy chiral sum rules that are weighted integrals over the (V-A) spectral functions. In addition, a precise measurement of alpha_s along

R Barate; Damir Buskulic; D Décamp; P Ghez; C Goy; J P Lees; A Lucotte; E Merle; M N Minard; J Y Nief; B Pietrzyk; R Alemany; G Boix; M P Casado; M Chmeissani; J M Crespo; M C Delfino; E Fernández; M Fernández-Bosman; L Garrido; E Graugès-Pous; A Juste; M Martínez; G Merino; R Miquel; L M Mir; I C Park; A Pascual; J A Perlas; I Riu; F Sánchez; A Colaleo; D Creanza; M De Palma; G Gelao; Giuseppe Iaselli; G Maggi; M Maggi; S Nuzzo; A Ranieri; G Raso; F Ruggieri; G Selvaggi; L Silvestris; P Tempesta; A Tricomi; G Zito; X Huang; J Lin; Q Ouyang; T Wang; Y Xie; R Xu; S Xue; J Zhang; L Zhang; W Zhao; D Abbaneo; U Becker; P G Bright-Thomas; David William Casper; M Cattaneo; V Ciulli; G Dissertori; H Drevermann; Roger W Forty; M Frank; R Hagelberg; J B Hansen; J Harvey; P Janot; B Jost; Ivan Lehraus; P Mato; Adolf G Minten; L Moneta; A Pacheco; J F Pusztaszeri; F Ranjard; Luigi Rolandi; D Rousseau; W D Schlatter; M Schmitt; O Schneider; W Tejessy; F Teubert; I R Tomalin; H W Wachsmuth; A Wagner; Ziad J Ajaltouni; F Badaud; G Chazelle; O Deschamps; A Falvard; C Ferdi; P Gay; C Guicheney; P Henrard; J Jousset; B Michel; S Monteil; J C Montret; D Pallin; P Perret; F Podlyski; J Proriol; P Rosnet; J D Hansen; J R Hansen; P H Hansen; B S Nilsson; B Rensch; A Wäänänen; G Daskalakis; A Kyriakis; C Markou; Errietta Simopoulou; I Siotis; Anna Vayaki; A Blondel; G R Bonneaud; J C Brient; P Bourdon; A Rougé; M Rumpf; Andrea Valassi; M Verderi; H L Videau; E Focardi; G Parrini; K Zachariadou; M Corden; C H Georgiopoulos; D E Jaffe; A Antonelli; G Bencivenni; G Bologna; F Bossi; P Campana; G Capon; F Cerutti; V Chiarella; G Felici; P Laurelli; G Mannocchi; F Murtas; G P Murtas; L Passalacqua; M Pepé-Altarelli; L Curtis; A W Halley; J G Lynch; P Negus; V O'Shea; C Raine; J M Scarr; K Smith; P Teixeira-Dias; A S Thompson; E Thomson; O L Buchmüller; S Dhamotharan; C Geweniger; G Graefe; P Hanke; G Hansper; V Hepp; E E Kluge; A Putzer; J Sommer; K Tittel; S Werner; M Wunsch; R Beuselinck; David M Binnie; W Cameron; Peter J Dornan; M Girone; S M Goodsir; E B Martin; N Marinelli; A Moutoussi; J Nash; J K Sedgbeer; P Spagnolo; M D Williams; V M Ghete; P Girtler; E Kneringer; D Kuhn; G Rudolph; A P Betteridge; C K Bowdery; P G Buck; P Colrain; G Crawford; A J Finch; F Foster; G Hughes; R W L Jones; M I Williams; I Giehl; A M Greene; C Hoffmann; K Jakobs; K Kleinknecht; G Quast; B Renk; E Rohne; H G Sander; P Van Gemmeren; C Zeitnitz; Jean-Jacques Aubert; C Benchouk; A Bonissent; G Bujosa; J Carr; P Coyle; F Etienne; O Leroy; F Motsch; P Payre; M Talby; A Sadouki; M Thulasidas; K Trabelsi; M Aleppo; M Antonelli; F Ragusa; R Berlich; Walter Blum; V Büscher; H Dietl; G Ganis; H Kroha; G Lütjens; C Mannert; W Männer; H G Moser; S Schael; Ronald Settles; H C J Seywerd; H Stenzel; W Wiedenmann; G Wolf; J Boucrot; O Callot; S Chen; A Cordier; M Davier; L Duflot; J F Grivaz; P Heusse; A Höcker; A Jacholkowska; D W Kim; F R Le Diberder; J Lefrançois; A M Lutz; M H Schune; E Tournefier; J J Veillet; I Videau; D Zerwas; P Azzurri; G Bagliesi; G Batignani; S Bettarini; T Boccali; C Bozzi; G Calderini; M Carpinelli; M A Ciocci; R Dell'Orso; R Fantechi; I Ferrante; L Foà; F Forti; A Giassi; M A Giorgi; A Gregorio; F Ligabue; A Lusiani; P S Marrocchesi; A Messineo; Fabrizio Palla; G Rizzo; G Sanguinetti; A Sciabà; Roberto Tenchini; G Tonelli; C Vannini; A Venturi; P G Verdini; G A Blair; L M Bryant; J T Chambers; M G Green; T Medcalf; P Perrodo; J A Strong; J H Von Wimmersperg-Töller; David R Botterill; R W Clifft; T R Edgecock; S Haywood; P R Norton; J C Thompson; A E Wright; B Bloch-Devaux; P Colas; S Emery; Witold Kozanecki; E Lançon; M C Lemaire; E Locci; P Pérez; J Rander; J F Renardy; A Roussarie; J P Schuller; J Schwindling; A Trabelsi; B Vallage; S N Black; J H Dann; R P Johnson; H Y Kim; N P Konstantinidis; A M Litke; M A McNeil; G Taylor; C N Booth; C A J Brew; S L Cartwright; F Combley; M S Kelly; M H Lehto; J Reeve; L F Thompson; K Affholderbach; A Böhrer; S Brandt; G D Cowan; Claus Grupen; P Saraiva; L Smolik; F Stephan; M Apollonio; L Bosisio; R Della Marina; G Giannini; B Gobbo; G Musolino; J E Rothberg; S R Wasserbaech; S R Armstrong; E Charles; P Elmer; D P S Ferguson; Y Gao; S González; T C Greening; O J Hayes; H Hu; S Jin; P A McNamara; J M Nachtman; J Nielsen; W Orejudos; Y B Pan; Y Saadi; I J Scott; J Walsh; Wu Sau Lan; X Wu; G Zobernig

1998-01-01

74

Dispersive representation of the scalar and vector Kpi form factors for tau --> K pi nu_tau and K_{l3} decays  

E-print Network

Recently, the tau --> K pi nu_tau decay spectrum has been measured by the Belle and BaBar collaborations. In this work, we present an analysis of such decays introducing a dispersive parametrization for the vector and scalar Kpi form factors. This allows for precise tests of the Standard Model. For instance, the determination of f_+(0)|V_{us}| from these decays is discussed. A comparison and a combination of these results with the analyses of the K_{l3} decays is also considered.

Véronique Bernard; Diogo R. Boito; Emilie Passemar

2011-03-24

75

Measurement of tau branching ratios  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have measured the branching ratios for several tau decay modes. We use e+e--->tau+tau- events accumulated with the TPC\\/Two-Gamma facility at the SLAC e+e- storage ring PEP. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 77 pb-1 at a center-of-mass energy of 29 GeV. The one- and three-charged-particle inclusive branching ratios of the tau decay are measured to be B1=(84.7+\\/-1.0)%

H. Aihara; M. Alston-Garnjost; R. E. Avery; J. A. Bakken; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; A. R. Barker; A. V. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; D. A. Bauer; H.-U. Bengtsson; D. L. Bintinger; G. J. Bobbink; T. S. Bolognese; A. D. Bross; C. D. Buchanan; A. Buijs; D. O. Caldwell; C.-Y. Chien; A. R. Clark; G. D. Cowan; D. A. Crane; O. I. Dahl; K. A. Derby; J. J. Eastman; T. K. Edberg; P. H. Eberhard; A. M. Eisner; R. Enomoto; F. C. Erné; T. Fujii; J. W. Gary; W. Gorn; J. M. Hauptman; W. Hofmann; J. E. Huth; J. Hylen; T. Kamae; H. S. Kaye; K. H. Kees; R. W. Kenney; L. T. Kerth; Winston Ko; R. I. Koda; R. R. Kofler; K. K. Kwong; R. L. Lander; W. G. Langeveld; J. G. Layter; F. L. Linde; C. S. Lindsey; S. C. Loken; A. Lu; X.-Q. Lu; G. R. Lynch; L. Madansky; R. J. Madaras; K. Maeshima; B. D. Magnuson; J. N. Marx; G. E. Masek; L. G. Mathis; J. A. Matthews; S. J. Maxfield; S. O. Melnikoff; E. S. Miller; W. Moses; R. R. McNeil; P. Nemethy; D. R. Nygren; P. J. Oddone; H. P. Paar; D. A. Park; S. K. Park; D. E. Pellett; A. Pevsner; M. Pripstein; M. T. Ronan; R. R. Ross; F. R. Rouse; K. A. Schwitkis; J. C. Sens; G. Shapiro; M. D. Shapiro; B. C. Shen; W. E. Slater; J. R. Smith; J. S. Steinman; M. L. Stevenson; D. H. Stork; M. G. Strauss; M. K. Sullivan; T. Takahashi; J. R. Thompson; N. Toge; S. Toutounchi; R. van Tyen; B. van Uitert; G. J. Vandalen; R. F. van Daalen Wetters; W. Vernon; W. Wagner; E. M. Wang; Y. X. Wang; M. R. Wayne; W. A. Wenzel; J. T. White; M. C. Williams; Z. R. Wolf; H. Yamamoto; S. J. Yellin; C. Zeitlin; W.-M. Zhang

1987-01-01

76

Discrimination of models including doubly charged scalar bosons using tau decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The doubly charged scalar boson (H±±) is introduced in several models of the new physics beyond the standard model. The H±± has Yukawa interactions with two left-handed charged leptons or two right-handed charged leptons depending on the models. We study kinematical properties of H±± decay products through tau leptons in order to discriminate the chiral structures of the new Yukawa interaction. The chirality of tau leptons can be measured by the energy distributions of its decay products, and thus the chiral structure of the new Yukawa interaction can be traced in the invariant-mass distributions of the H±± decay products.

Tsumura, Koji

2014-08-01

77

Evidence for a Higgs boson in tau decays with the CMS detector  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I describe the search for a Higgs boson through its decay to a pair of tan leptons with the tau-pair subsequently decaying to ail electron, a muon, and neutrinos. The search is performed using data collected ...

Dutta, Valentina

2014-01-01

78

Reconstruction and selection of $Z \\to \\tau\\tau \\to e+\\tau$-jet decays at the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment  

E-print Network

Tau leptons are important in Higgs searches, particularly within an MSSM scenario, where decays of electrically neutral (MSSM) Higgs bosons to two ? leptons have a significant branching ratio. The CMS detector is ideally placed to detect such signals both due its good tracking performance and the fine granularity of the electromagnetic calorimeter. However before such searches take place, it is important to ensure that ? selections are understood. In this context Z??? decays are important, as they provide a test bench for analogous H??? and can allow for the measurement of ?-jet selection efficiencies which is vital in extracting the Higgs production cross section and branching ratio and therefore essential in determining potential MSSM parameters. This thesis contains simulation studies on the development of a combined e+?-jet trigger tuned for the 1032 cm?2s?1 instantaneous luminosity regime giving an efficiency for a pre-selected Z????e+?-jet+X sample of (44.6±1.6)% with a QCD rate ...

Petridis-Torres, K A; Nikitenko, A

2009-01-01

79

Measurement of the semileptonic decays B-bar-->D tau - nu -bar tau and B-bar-->D* tau - nu -bar tau  

E-print Network

We present measurements of the semileptonic decays B--->D0?-?[over-bar] ?, B--->D*0?-?[over-bar] ?, B? 0-->D+?-?? ?, and B? 0-->D*+?-?[over-bar] ?, which are sensitive to non-standard model amplitudes in certain scenarios. ...

Fisher, Peter H.

80

A test of CP-invariance in Z0-->tau+tau- using optimal observables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using 27 490 Z0-->tau+tau- decays, accumulated in 1991, 1992 and 1993 with the OPAL detector at LEP, a direct test of CP-invariance in the neutral current reaction e + e --->tau+tau- is performed by measuring CP-odd observables which are proportional to the weak dipole moment of the tau-lepton. A new method based on optimal CP-odd observables constructed from the tau

R J Akers; Gideon Alexander; J. Allison; K A Ametewee; K. J. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; Alan Astbury; D A Axen; Georges Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J Richard Batley; G. Beaudoin; A. Beck; G. A. Beck; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; Stanislaus Cornelius Maria Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; Siegfried Bethke; O. Biebel; Ian J Bloodworth; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; S. Braibant; P G Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; A. Buijs; Helfried J Burckhart; R. Bürgin; C. Burgard; N. Capdevielle; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; J. C. Clayton; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C L Darling; S. de Jong; L. A. Del Pozo; H. Deng; Michael Dittmar; M. S. Dixit; E. Do Couto E Silva; J. E. Duboscq; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; U. C. Dunwoody; P. A. Elcombe; P. G. Estabrooks; E. Etzion; H. G. Evans; Franco Luigi Fabbri; B. Fabbro; M. Fanti; P. Fath; M. Fierro; M. Finke-Keeler; H. M. Fischer; P. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; James D Gillies; J. Goldberg; D. M. Gingrich; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; E. Gross; J. Hagemann; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; C. K. Hargrove; P. A. Hart; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; E. Heflin; Richard J Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; A. Höcker; R James Homer; A. K. Honma; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; P. Igo-Kemenes; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; Martin Paul Jimack; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; P. Jovanovic; C. Jui; D A Karlen; J I Kanzaki; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; Richard K Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; B J King; J. King; J. Kirk; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R V Kowalewski; T. Kress; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; W. P. Lai; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; P. Leblanc; P. Le Du; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; Daniel Lellouch; C. Leroy; J. Letts; L. Levinson; Z. Li; F. Liu; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; Michael J Losty; X. C. Lou; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; T. Mashimo; W. Matthews; P. Mättig; U. Maur; J A McKenna; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; F. Meijers; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; Aldo Michelini; R. P. Middleton; G. Mikenberg; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; J. P. Pansart; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J L Pinfold; D. Pitman; D. E. Plane; P R Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; M. W. Redmond; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. Rison; S. A. Robins; D. Robinson; N L Rodning; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; P. Schütz; M. Schulz; C. Schwick; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; M. Settles; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; Randall J Sobie; S. Söldner-Rembold; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; M. Starks; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; D. Strom; P. Szymanski; R. Tafirout; H. Takeda; T. Takeshita; P. Taras; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; P. Teixeira-Dias; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; O. Tousignant; S. Towers; M. Tscheulin; T. Tsukamoto; A S Turcot; M. F. Turner-Watson; P. Utzat; R. van Kooten; G. Vasseur; P. Vikas; M G Vincter; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Matkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; V.-H. Winterer; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S A Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; A. Yeaman; G. Yekutieli; M. Yurko; V. Zacek; W. Zeuner; G. T. Zorn

1995-01-01

81

Search for Lepton-Flavor and Lepton-Number Violation in the Decay tau to lhh'  

SciTech Connect

A search for lepton-flavor and lepton-number violation in the decay of the tau lepton into one charged lepton and two charged hadrons is performed using 221.4 fb{sup -1} of data collected at an e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy of 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage ring. In all 14 decay modes considered, the observed data are compatible with background expectations, and upper limits are set in the range {Beta}({tau} {yields} {ell}hh') < (0.7-4.8) x 10{sup -7} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San

2005-06-29

82

Discrimination of Models Including Doubly Charged Scalar Bosons by Using Tau Lepton Decay Distributions  

E-print Network

The doubly-charged scalar boson H^{--} is involved in several new physics models for generating neutrino masses. Depending on new physics models, H^{--} has the Yukawa interaction with a pair of left-handed charged leptons or a pair of right-handed ones. In this talk, we see that these two Yukawa interactions can be distinguished by measuring energy distributions of charged pions produced by decays of tau leptons if pair-produced H^{++} H^{--} can decay sufficiently into four charged leptons which involve one or two tau leptons. The information on the Yukawa interaction of H^{--} will help to discriminate models in which neutrino masses are generated.

Hiroaki Sugiyama

2014-06-02

83

Updated measurement of the tau lifetime  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an update of our measurement of the tau lepton lifetime, using data taken during 1992 and 1993 with the OPAL detector at LEP. The lifetime is determined from analyses of the impact parameters of tracks from tau decays to a single charged particle, and the reconstructed decay lenghts from the tau decays to three charged particles. With the

R J Akers; Gideon Alexander; J. Allison; K. J. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; Alan Astbury; D A Axen; Georges Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J Richard Batley; G. Beaudoin; A. Beck; G. A. Beck; J. Becker; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; P. Bentkowski; Stanislaus Cornelius Maria Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; Siegfried Bethke; O. Biebel; Ian J Bloodworth; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; S. Braibant; P G Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; A. Buijs; Helfried J Burckhart; C. Burgard; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; J. C. Clayton; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; M. Coupland; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccolla; G. M. Dallavalle; C L Darling; S. de Jong; H. Deng; Michael Dittmar; M. S. Dixit; E. Do Couto E Silva; J. E. Duboscq; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; U. C. Dunwoody; P. A. Elcombe; P. G. Estabrooks; E. Etzion; H. G. Evans; Franco Luigi Fabbri; B. Fabbro; M. Fanti; M. Fierro; Margret Fincke-Keeler; H. M. Fischer; P. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; James D Gillies; J. Goldberg; D. M. Gingrich; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; P D Grannis; E. Gross; J. Hagemann; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; C. K. Hargrove; J. Hart; P. A. Hart; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; E. Heflin; Richard J Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; D. A. Hinshaw; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; A. Höcker; R James Homer; A. K. Honma; R. E. Hughes-Jones; R. Humbert; P. Igo-Kemenes; H. Ihssen; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; Martin Paul Jimack; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; P. Jovanovic; C. Jui; D A Karlen; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; Richard K Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; B J King; J. King; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R V Kowalewski; R. Howard; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; P. Leblanc; P. Le Du; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; M. H. Lehto; Daniel Lellouch; C. Leroy; J. Letts; L. Levinson; Z. Li; F. Liu; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; Michael J Losty; X. C. Lou; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; T. Mashimo; P. Mättig; U. Maur; J A McKenna; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; J. R. McNutt; F. Meijers; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; Aldo Michelini; R. P. Middleton; G. Mikenberg; J L Mildenberger; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; C. Moisan; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; J. P. Pansart; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. Pfister; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J L Pinfold; D. Pitman; D. E. Plane; P R Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; M. W. Redmond; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. Rison; S. A. Robins; D. Robinson; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; S. Rossberg; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; H. von der Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; P. Schütz; M. Schulz; C. Schwick; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; M. Settles; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; Randall J Sobie; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; R. Ströhmer; D. Strom; P. Szymanski; H. Takeda; T. Takeshita; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; P. Teixeira-Dias; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; S. Towers; T. Tsukamoto; M. F. Turner-Watson; D. van den Plas; R. van Kooten; G. Vasseur; M G Vincter; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; V.-H. Winterer; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S A Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; A. Yeaman; G. Yekutieli; M. Yurko; W. Zeuner; G. T. Zorn

1994-01-01

84

Measurement of the Branching Fraction for D8+ rarr tau+nu_tau and Extraction of the Decay Constant f_D_s  

SciTech Connect

The branching fraction for the decay D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} with {tau}{sup +} {yields} e{sup +}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, is measured using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 427 fb{sup -1} collected at center of mass energies near 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at SLAC. In the process e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} c{bar c} {yields} D*{sub s}{sup +} {bar D}{sub TAG}{bar K}X, the D*{sub s}{sup +} meson is reconstructed as a missing particle, and the subsequent decay D*{sub s}{sup +} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}{gamma} yields an inclusive D{sub s}{sup +} data sample. Here {bar D}{sub TAG} refers to a fully reconstructed hadronic {bar D} decay, {bar K} is a K{sup -} or {bar K}{sup 0}, and X stands for any number of charged or neutral pions. The decay D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sup +} is isolated also, and from ratio of event yields and known branching fractions, {Beta}(D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (4.5 {+-} 0.5 {+-} 0.4 {+-} 0.3)% is determined. The pseudoscalar decay constant is extracted to be f{sub D{sub s}} = (233 {+-} 13 {+-} 10 {+-} 7) MeV, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third results from the uncertainties on the external measurements used as input to the calculation.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /UC, Berkeley; Hawkes, C.M.; /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2010-06-04

85

First observation of the decay tau(-)->K-eta nu(tau)  

E-print Network

1.0 GeVyc. The hadronic background is suppressed by the requirements that the total invariant mass of the particles in the tag and signal hemi- spheres be less than 1.2 and 1.7 GeV, respectively. Back- grounds from two-photon production, Bhabha... contribution to the t 2 ! K 2 hn t sample. The measured branching fractions for t 2 ! K 2 hn t and p 2 hn t presented in Table I are used to estimate the cross-feed backgrounds between the two decay modes. The background from t 2 ! K 2 p 0 hn t is neglected...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

1996-05-01

86

Ultrahigh Energy Tau Neutrinos  

E-print Network

We study ultrahigh energy astrophysical neutrinos and the contribution of tau neutrinos from neutrino oscillations, relative to the contribution of the other flavors. We show the effect of tau neutrino regeneration and tau energy loss as they propagate through the Earth. We consider a variety of neutrino fluxes, such as cosmogenic neutrinos and neutrinos that originate in Active Galactic Nuclei. We discuss signals of tau neutrinos in detectors such as IceCube, RICE and ANITA.

J. Jones; I. Mocioiu; M. H. Reno; I Sarcevic

2005-07-30

87

Ultrahigh Energy Tau Neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study ultrahigh energy astrophysical neutrinos and the contribution of tau neutrinos from neutrino oscillations, relative to the contribution of the other flavors. We show the effect of tau neutrino regeneration and tau energy loss as they propagate through the Earth. We consider a variety of neutrino fluxes, such as cosmogenic neutrinos and neutrinos that originate in Active Galactic Nuclei. We discuss signals of tau neutrinos in detectors such as IceCube, RICE and ANITA.

Jones, J.; Mocioiu, I.; Sarcevic, I.; Reno, M. H.

88

CP violation in charged Higgs boson decays into tau and neutrino  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We calculate the CP-violating rate asymmetry of H+/- decays into tau and neutrino at one loop in the MSSM with complex parameters. We find that the asymmetry is typically of the order of 10-3, depending mainly on the phases of the trilinear coupling A? and the gaugino mass M1.

Christova, Ekaterina; Eberl, Helmut; Majerotto, Walter; Kraml, Sabine

2002-12-01

89

Search for Lepton Flavor Violating Decays tau--->l-Ks0 with the BABAR Experiment  

E-print Network

A search for the lepton flavor violating decays tau--->l-KS0 (l=e or mu) has been performed using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 469??fb[superscript -1], collected with the BABAR detector at the ...

Fisher, Peter H.

90

B-Meson Decays into Final States with a tau Lepton  

E-print Network

Decays of B mesons into final states containing a tau lepton are sensitive to new charged-current interactions that break lepton-flavor universality. These decays have been studied only at e+e- colliders, where the low-background environment and well-known initial state make it possible to observe small signals with undetectable neutrinos. In particular, the large data samples of the B factories and recent advances in techniques for full-event reconstruction have led to evidence for the decay B --> tau nu and unambiguous observation of the decays B --> D(*)tau nu. These results have led to exclusion of large regions of the parameter space for a variety of new-physics models. Furthermore, the branching fraction for B --> D(*)tau nu has been measured to be higher than the standard-model expectation by at least 3.4 standard deviations, making this an interesting topic for further research. This letter reviews the theoterical and experimental status of this topic, summarizing the results at this time and outlining the path for further improvements.

Abner Soffer

2014-03-04

91

Discrimination of models including doubly charged scalar bosons by using tau lepton decay distributions  

E-print Network

The doubly charged scalar boson (H^{\\pm\\pm}) is introduced in several models of the new physics beyond the standard model. The H^{\\pm\\pm} has Yukawa interactions with two left-handed charged leptons or two right-handed charged leptons depending on the models. We study kinematical properties of H^{\\pm\\pm} decay products through tau leptons in order to discriminate the chiral structures of the new Yukawa interaction. The chirality of tau leptons can be measured by the energy distributions of the tau decay products, and thus the chiral structure of the new Yukawa interaction can be traced in the invariant-mass distributions of the H^{\\pm\\pm} decay products. We perform simulation studies for the typical decay patterns of the H^{\\pm\\pm} with simple event selections and tau-tagging procedures, and show that the chiral structure of the Yukawa interactions of H^{\\pm\\pm} can be distinguished by measuring the invariant-mass distributions.

Hiroaki Sugiyama; Koji Tsumura; Hiroshi Yokoya

2012-07-01

92

Search for B+-->tau+nu  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the decay B+-->tau+nu using 383×106BB¯ pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B-Factory. A sample of events with one reconstructed semileptonic B decay (B--->D0l-nu¯lX) is selected, and in the recoil a search for B+-->tau+nu is performed. The tau is identified in the following channels: tau+-->e+nunu¯, tau+-->mu+nunu¯, tau+-->pi+nu¯, and

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Lewandowski; M. Pelizaeus; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; D. C. Williams; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; Q. Zeng; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; T. Brandt; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; M. B. Nikolich; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; N. T. Meyer; V. Ziegler; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; C. A. Chavez; I. J. Forster; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; W. Menges; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; S. J. Sekula; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; L. Gladney; M. Biasini

2007-01-01

93

Search for Lepton Flavour Violating Decays tau- to l- Ks with the BaBar experiment  

SciTech Connect

A search for the lepton flavor violating decays {tau}{sup -} {yields} l{sup -} K{sub S}{sup 0} (l = e or {mu}) has been performed using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 469 fb{sup -1}, collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} asymmetric energy collider. No statistically significant signal has been observed in either channel and the estimated upper limits on branching fractions are {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} K{sub S}{sup 0}) < 3.3 x 10{sup -8} and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {mu}{sup -}K{sub S}{sup 0}) < 4.0 x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Cahn, R.N.; Jacobsen, R.G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Karlsruhe U., EKP /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DSM, DAPNIA, Saclay /South Carolina U. /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2009-01-06

94

Search for pair production of scalar top quarks decaying to a tau lepton and a b quark in 1.96-tev ppbar collisions  

E-print Network

~t1 decays into a tau lepton and a b quark, with branching ratio B, and search for final states containing either an electron or a muon from a leptonic tau decay, a hadronically decaying tau lepton, and two or more jets. Two candidate events pass my...

Khotilovich, Vadim Gennadyevich

2009-05-15

95

The Branching Ratios and Tau Lepton Polarization Measured in Tau Lepton Going to Electron Antielectron Neutrino Tau Neutrino, Pion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With a sample of 1107 tau to eoverline{ nu}_{e}nu_{ tau} and 357 tau to pi(K)nu_ {tau} selected from 3308 Z ^0 to tau ^+tau^- events recorded with OPAL at LEP, we measure the decay branching ratios B( tau to eoverline {nu}_{e}nu_ {tau}) = 17.0 +/- 0.5(stat) +/- 0.4(sys)% and B( tau to pi(K) nu_{tau}) = 11.3 +/- 0.6(stat) +/- 0.4(sys)%. The results are in agreement with the world averages. The polarization of tau is extracted from the momentum spectra of the electron and pi(K) candidates. The average tau polarization at Z^0 resonance is measured to be 0.053 +/- 0.109. From the measured tau polarization, we deduce the weak mixing angle and the ratio of vector to axial vector coupling: overline {sin^2theta_{W}} = 0.257 +/- 0.014, and upsilon_{tau}/a_{ tau} = -0.027 +/- 0.055. These measurements are in agreement with other measurements at LEP and with the world averages.

Ho, Chi-Li.

96

Improved Limits on the Lepton-Flavor Violating Decays tau--->l-l+l-  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating decay of the tau lepton into three charged leptons has been performed using 376fb-1 of data collected at an e+e- center-of-mass energy around 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II storage rings. In all six decay modes considered, the numbers of events found in data are compatible with the background

M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; D. Bailey; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli

2007-01-01

97

General treatment of {tau} semileptonic decays by polarized-partial-width measurements  

SciTech Connect

The most general Lorentz-invariant spin-correlation functions for {tau}{sup {minus}}{r_arrow}{rho}{sup {minus}}{nu}, {ital a}{sup {minus}}{sub 1}{nu}, {ital K}{sup {asterisk}{minus}}{nu}, {pi}{sup {minus}}{nu}, {ital K}{sup {minus}}{nu} are expressed in terms of eight semileptonic parameters. The parameters are physically defined in terms of {tau}-decay partial-width intensities for polarized final states. The parameters are also expressed in terms of a {open_quote}{open_quote}({ital V}{minus}{ital A}) + additional chiral coupling{close_quote}{close_quote} structure in the {ital J}{sup charged}{sub lepton} current, so as to bound effective-mass scales {Lambda} for {open_quote}{open_quote}new physics{close_quote}{close_quote} such as arising from lepton compositeness, leptonic {ital CP} violation, leptonic {ital T} violation, {tau} weak magnetism, weak electricity, and/or second-class currents. The two tests for leptonic {ital CP} violation in {tau}{r_arrow}{rho}{nu} decay are generalized to {tau}{r_arrow}{ital a}{sub 1}{nu} decay and to two additional tests if there are {nu}{sub {ital R}} and {bar {nu}}{sub {ital L}} couplings. For 10{sup 7}({tau}{sup {minus}},{tau}{sup +}) pairs at 10 GeV, from the {l_brace}{rho}{sup {minus}},{rho}{sup +}{r_brace} mode and using the four-variable distribution {ital I}{sub 4}, the ideal statistical percentage errors are, for {xi}, 0.6{percent}, for {zeta}, 0.7{percent}, for {sigma}, 1.3{percent}, and for {omega}, 0.6{percent}. {ital CP} tests are typically {radical}2 worse. Parameters sensitive to leptonic {ital T} violation are {omega}, and the following from the {l_brace}{ital a}{sup {minus}}{sub 1},{ital a}{sup +}{sub 1}{r_brace} mode: using {ital I}{sup {minus}}{sub 5} the errors are, for {eta}, 0.6{percent}; using {ital I}{sub 7}, for {eta}{prime}, 0.013; and using {ital I}{sup {minus}}{sub 7}, for {omega}{prime}, 0.002. (Abstract Truncated)

Nelson, C.A. [Department of Physics, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, New York 13902-6016 (United States)] [Department of Physics, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, New York 13902-6016 (United States)

1996-05-01

98

Observation of the semileptonic decays B-->D*tau-nutau and evidence for B-->Dtau-nutau.  

PubMed

We present measurements of the semileptonic decays B--->D0tau-nutau, B--->D*0tau-nutau, B0-->D+tau-nutau, and B0-->D*+tau-nutau, which are potentially sensitive to non-standard model amplitudes. The data sample comprises 232x10(6) Upsilon(4S)-->BB decays collected with the BABAR detector. From a combined fit to B- and B0 channels, we obtain the branching fractions B(B-->Dtau-nutau)=(0.86+/-0.24+/-0.11+/-0.06)% and B(B-->D*tau-nutau)=(1.62+/-0.31+/-0.10+/-0.05)% (normalized for the B0), where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and normalization-mode-related. PMID:18232854

Aubert, B; Bona, M; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Tico, J Garra; Grauges, E; Lopez, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Pegna, D Lopes; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, Ch; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, L; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; McLachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; de la Vaissière, Ch; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Malclès, J; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N

2008-01-18

99

Study of top quark production and decays involving a tau lepton at CDF and limits on a charged Higgs boson contribution  

E-print Network

We present an analysis of top-antitop quark production and decay into a tau lepton, tau neutrino, and bottom quark using data from 9??fb[superscript ?1] of integrated luminosity at the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Dilepton ...

Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo

100

Tau Trigger at the ATLAS Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Many theoretical models, like the Standard Model or SUSY at large tan({beta}), predict Higgs bosons or new particles which decay more abundantly to final states including tau leptons than to other leptons. At the energy scale of the LHC, the identification of tau leptons, in particular in the hadronic decay mode, will be a challenging task due to an overwhelming QCD background which gives rise to jets of particles that can be hard to distinguish from hadronic tau decays. Equipped with excellent tracking and calorimetry, the ATLAS experiment has developed tau identification tools capable of working at the trigger level. This contribution presents tau trigger algorithms which exploit the main features of hadronic tau decays and describes the current tau trigger commissioning activities. Many of the SM processes being investigated at ATLAS, as well as numerous BSM searches, contain tau leptons in their final states. Being able to trigger effectively on the tau leptons in these events will contribute to the success of the ATLAS experiment. The tau trigger algorithms and monitoring infrastructure are ready for the first data, and are being tested with the data collected with cosmic muons. The development of efficiency measurements methods using QCD and Z {yields} {tau}{tau} events is well advanced.

Benslama, K.; Kalinowski, A.; /Regina U.; Belanger-Champange, C.; Brenner, R.; /Uppsala U.; Bosman, M.; Casado, P.; Osuna, C.; Perez, E.; Vorwerk, V.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Czyczula, Z.; Dam, M.; Xella, S.; /Copenhagen U.; Demers, S.; /SLAC; Farrington, S.; /Oxford U.; Igonkina, O.; /NIKHEF, Amsterdam; Kanaya, N.; Tsuno, S.; /Tokyo U.; Ptacek, E.; Reinsch, A.; Strom, David M.; Torrence, E.; /Oregon U. /Sydney U. /Lancaster U. /Birmingham U.

2011-11-09

101

Evidence for an excess of B to D(*) Tau Nu decays  

SciTech Connect

Based on the full BABAR data sample, we report improved measurements of the ratios R(D{sup (*)}) = {Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)} {tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)} {ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}), where {ell} is either e or {mu}. These ratios are sensitive to new physics contributions in the form of a charged Higgs boson. We measure R(D) = 0.440 {+-} 0.058 {+-} 0.042 and R(D*) = 0.332 {+-} 0.024 {+-} 0.018, which exceed the Standard Model expectations by 2.0{sigma} and 2.7{sigma}, respectively. Taken together, our results disagree with these expectations at the 3.4{sigma} level. This excess cannot be explained by a charged Higgs boson in the type II two-Higgs-doublet model. We also report the observation of the decay {bar B} {yields} D{tau}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, with a significance of 6.8{sigma}.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Palano, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, David Nathan; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; So, R.Y.; /British Columbia U.; Khan, A.; /Brunel U.; Blinov, V.E.; /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U.; /more authors..

2012-10-09

102

QCD condensates of dimension D=6 and D=8 from hadronic tau-decays  

E-print Network

The high-precision data from hadronic tau decays allows one to extract information on QCD condensates. Using the finalized ALEPH data, we obtain a more rigorous determination of the dimension 6 and 8 condensates for the V-A correlator. In particular, we find that the recent data fix a certain linear combination of these QCD condensates to a precision at the level of O(2%). Our approach relies on more general assumptions than alternative approaches based on finite energy sum rules.

A. A. Almasy; K. Schilcher; H. Spiesberger

2006-12-22

103

Status of the Lattice and Tau Decay Determinations of alpha_s  

E-print Network

The two highest precision determinations of alpha_s(M_Z^2), that based on the analysis of short-distance-sensitive lattice observables, and that based on an analysis of hadronic tau decay data, have, until very recently, given results which are not in good agreement. I review new versions of these analyses which bring the two determinations into excellent agreement, and discuss prospects for additional future improvements.

Kim Maltman

2010-11-28

104

Measurement of the {tau} lifetime at SLD  

SciTech Connect

A measurement of the lifetime of the {tau} lepton has been made using a sample of 1671 {ital Z}{sup 0}{r_arrow}{tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}} decays collected by the SLD detector at the SLC. The measurement benefits from the small and stable collision region at the SLC and the precision pixel vertex detector of the SLD. Three analysis techniques have been used: decay length, impact parameter, and impact parameter difference methods. The combined result is {tau}{sub {tau}}=297{plus_minus}9 (stat){plus_minus}5(syst) fs.

Abe, K.; Abt, I.; Ahn, C.J.; Akagi, T.; Allen, N.J.; Ash, W.W.; Aston, D.; Baird, K.G.; Baltay, C.; Band, H.R.; Barakat, M.B.; Baranko, G.; Bardon, O.; Barklow, T.; Bazarko, A.O.; Ben-David, R.; Benvenuti, A.C.; Bienz, T.; Bilei, G.M.; Bisello, D.; Blaylock, G.; Bogart, J.R.; Bolton, T.; Bower, G.R.; Brau, J.E.; Breidenbach, M.; Bugg, W.M.; Burke, D.; Burnett, T.H.; Burrows, P.N.; Busza, W.; Calcaterra, A.; Caldwell, D.O.; Calloway, D.; Camanzi, B.; Carpinelli, M.; Cassell, R.; Castaldi, R.; Castro, A.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Church, E.; Cohn, H.O.; Coller, J.A.; Cook, V.; Cotton, R.; Cowan, R.F.; Coyne, D.G.; D`Oliveira, A.; Damerell, C.J.S.; Daoudi, M.; De Sangro, R.; De Simone, P.; Dell`Orso, R.; Dima, M.; Du, P.Y.C.; Dubois, R.; Eisenstein, B.I.; Elia, R.; Etzion, E.; Falciai, D.; Fero, M.J.; Frey, R.; Furuno, K.; Gillman, T.; Gladding, G.; Gonzalez, S.; Hallewell, G.D.; Hart, E.L.; Hasegawa, Y.; Hedges, S.; Hertzbach, S.S.; Hildreth, M.D.; Huber, J.; Huffer, M.E.; Hughes, E.W.; Hwang, H.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jackson, D.J.; Jacques, P.; Jaros, J.; Johnson, A.S.; Johnson, J.R.; Johnson, R.A.; Junk, T.; Kajikawa, R.; Kalelkar, M.; Kang, H.J.; Karliner, I.; Kawahara, H.; Kendall, H.W.; Kim, Y.; King, M.E.; King, R.; Kofler, R.R.; Krishna, N.M.; Kroeger, R.S.; Labs, J.F.; Langston, M.; Lath, A.; Lauber, J.A.; Leith, D.W.G.; Liu, M.X.; Liu, X.; Loreti, M.; Lu, A.; Lynch, H.L.; Ma, J.; Mancinelli, G.; Manly, S.; Mantovani, G.; Markiewicz, T.W.; Maruyama, T.; Massetti, R.; Masuda, H.; Mazzucato, E.; McKemey, A.K.; Meadows, B.T.; Messner, R.; Mockett, P.M.; Moffeit, K.C.; Mours, B.; Mueller, G.; Muller, D.; Nagamine, T.; Nauenberg, U.; Neal, H.; Nussbaum, M.; Ohnishi, Y.; Osborne, L.S.; Panvini, R.S.; Park, H.; Pavel, T.J.; Peruzzi, I.; Piccolo, M.; Piemontese, L.; Pieroni, E.; Pitts, K.T.; Plano, R.J.; Prepost, R.; Prescott, C.Y.; Punkar, G.D.; Quigley, J.; Ratcliff, B.N.; Reeves, T.W.; Reidy, J.; Rensing, P.E.; Rochester, L.S.; Rothberg, J.E.; Rowson, P.C.; (The SLD Collabor..

1995-11-01

105

Search for CP Violation in $\\tau$ And D Decays With a $K^0_S$ in the Final State  

SciTech Connect

I report the recent searches for CP violation in {tau} and D decays including a K{sub s}{sup 0} in the final state. The analyses herein shown are based on data samples recorded by BABAR and Belle experiments. A brief introduction on CP violation is followed by the summary of the experimental techniques and the results obtained for {tau} and D decays, respectively. Finally, an outlook on future development is provided.

Martinelli, Maurizio; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /SLAC

2012-09-14

106

Search for CP violation in tau and D decays with a K0S in the final state  

E-print Network

I report the recent searches for CP violation in tau and D decays including a K0S in the final state. The analyses herein shown are based on data samples recorded by BaBar and Belle experiments. A brief introduction on CP violation is followed by the summary of the experimental techniques and the results obtained for tau and D decays, respectively. Finally, an outlook on future development is provided.

Maurizio Martinelli

2011-08-31

107

Selected Topics in Tau Physics from BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Selected results from {tau} analyses performed using the BABAR detector at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are presented. A precise measurement of the {tau} mass and the {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} mass difference is undertaken using the hadronic decay mode {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup {+-}}{nu}{sub {tau}}. In addition an investigation into the strange decay modes {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} is also presented, including a fit to the {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} invariant mass spectrum. Precise values for M(K*(892)) and {Lambda}(K*(892)) are obtained.

Paramesvaran, S.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; ,

2012-04-06

108

Measurements of Charged Current Lepton Universality and |Vus| using Tau Lepton Decays to e- v v, __- v v, pi- v and K- v  

SciTech Connect

Using 467 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation data collected with the BABAR detector, they measure {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {mu}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.9796 {+-} 0.0016 {+-} 0.0036), {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.5945 {+-} 0.0014 {+-} 0.0061), and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.03882 {+-} 0.00032 {+-} 0.00057), where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. From these precision {tau} measurements, they test the Standard Model assumption of {mu}-e and {tau}-{mu} charge current lepton universality and provide determinations of |V{sub us}| experimentally independent of the decay of a kaon.

Aubert, Bernard; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-06-30

109

Babar:. Search for Lepton Flavor Violation in Tau Decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for lepton Flavor Violation (LFV) in ? lepton decay in BABAR experiment at SLAC is presented. The data analyzed were collected at the e+e- asymmetric collider PEPII , operating at the center of mass energy corresponding to the mass of the Y4S resonance. Although the machine and the BABAR detector were built for the discovery of the CP Violation in B meson decay and the measurements of angles of the Unitarity Triangle of the CKM matrix, a large sample of ? leptons was collected. The large statistics available has allowed to set the upper limits (ULs) to the Branching Ratios (BR) of decay channels showing LFV, that in the Standard Theory are either forbidden or permitted at an experimentally unreachable level.

Giorgi, Marcello A.

2011-10-01

110

Limits on tau lepton flavor violating decays in three charged leptons  

SciTech Connect

A search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating decay of the {tau} lepton into three charged leptons has been performed using an integrated luminosity of 468 fb{sup -1} collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II collider. In all six decay modes considered, the numbers of events found in data are compatible with the background expectations. Upper limits on the branching fractions are set in the range (1.8-3.3) x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Cervelli, Alberto

2010-04-29

111

Improved limits on the lepton-flavor violating decays tau{-}-->l{-}l{+}l{-}.  

PubMed

A search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating decay of the tau lepton into three charged leptons has been performed using 376 fb{-1} of data collected at an e{+}e{-} center-of-mass energy around 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II storage rings. In all six decay modes considered, the numbers of events found in data are compatible with the background expectations. Upper limits on the branching fractions are set in the range (4-8)x10{-8} at 90% confidence level. PMID:18233515

Aubert, B; Bona, M; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Lopez, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, Ch; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Bailey, D; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; McLachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; de la Vaissière, Ch; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Malclès, J; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G

2007-12-21

112

Tau-tubulin kinase  

PubMed Central

Tau-tubulin kinase (TTBK) belongs to casein kinase superfamily and phosphorylates microtubule-associated protein tau and tubulin. TTBK has two isoforms, TTBK1 and TTBK2, which contain highly homologous catalytic domains but their non-catalytic domains are distinctly different. TTBK1 is expressed specifically in the central nervous system and is involved in phosphorylation and aggregation of tau. TTBK2 is ubiquitously expressed in multiple tissues and genetically linked to spinocerebellar ataxia type 11. TTBK1 directly phosphorylates tau protein, especially at Ser422, and also activates cycline-dependent kinase 5 in a unique mechanism. TTBK1 protein expression is significantly elevated in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) brains, and genetic variations of the TTBK1 gene are associated with late-onset Alzheimer’s disease in two cohorts of Chinese and Spanish populations. TTBK1 transgenic mice harboring the entire 55-kilobase genomic sequence of human TTBK1 show progression of tau accumulation, neuroinflammation, and neurodegeneration when crossed with tau mutant mice. Our recent study shows that there is a striking switch in mononuclear phagocyte and activation phenotypes in the anterior horn of the spinal cord from alternatively activated (M2-skewed) microglia in P301L tau mutant mice to pro-inflammatory (M1-skewed) infiltrating peripheral monocytes by crossing the tau mice with TTBK1 transgenic mice. TTBK1 is responsible for mediating M1-activated microglia-induced neurotoxicity, and its overexpression induces axonal degeneration in vitro. These studies suggest that TTBK1 is an important molecule for the inflammatory axonal degeneration, which may be relevant to the pathobiology of tauopathy including AD. PMID:24808823

Ikezu, Seiko; Ikezu, Tsuneya

2014-01-01

113

Constraints on the rare tau decays from mu --> e gamma in the supersymmetric see-saw model  

E-print Network

It is now a firmly established fact that all family lepton numbers are violated in Nature. In this paper we discuss the implications of this observation for future searches for rare tau decays in the supersymmetric see-saw model. Using the two loop renormalization group evolution of the soft terms and the Yukawa couplings we show that there exists a lower bound on the rate of the rare process mu --> e gamma of the form BR(mu --> e gamma) > C BR(tau --> mu gamma) BR(tau --> e gamma), where C is a constant that depends on supersymmetric parameters. Our only assumption is the absence of cancellations among the high-energy see-saw parameters. We also discuss the implications of this bound for future searches for rare tau decays. In particular, for large regions of the mSUGRA parameter space, we show that present B-factories could discover either tau --> mu gamma or tau --> e gamma, but not both.

Alejandro Ibarra; Cristoforo Simonetto

2008-02-26

114

U.Akgun, ECLIPSE06, Antalya, MSSM Higgs TauTau TauTau LeptonicLeptonic  

E-print Network

U.Akgun, ECLIPSE06, Antalya, Turkey MSSM Higgs TauTau TauTau LeptonicLeptonic Missing Et and Mass Reconstruction U. Akgun, F. Duru, S. Kunori The University of Iowa Fermilab #12;U.Akgun, ECLIPSE06, Antalya reconstruction improvements. #12;U.Akgun, ECLIPSE06, Antalya, Turkey bbA/H 2tau ll · We use DC04 sample. · Signal

Akgun, Ugur

115

Tau Flavour Violation at the LHC  

SciTech Connect

We study the relevance of neutrino oscillation data for sparticle decays that violate the {tau} lepton number at the LHC, in the context of the Constrained Minimal Supersymmetric Extension of the Standard Model (CMSSM) and in SU(5) extensions of the theory. We study the conditions required for {chi}{sub 2}{yields}{chi}+{tau}{sup {+-}}{mu}{sup {+-}} decays to yield observable tau flavour violation, for cosmologically interesting values of the neutralino relic density. We present detailed studies of the relevant supersymmetric parameter space and pay particular emphasis to signals from tau hadronisation, that are analysed using PYTHIA event simulation.

Carquin, E. [Departamento de Fisica y Centro de Estudios Subatomicos, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Casilla 110-V, Valparaiso (Chile) and CERN Physics Department, Theory Division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2009-04-17

116

Ultrahigh energy tau neutrinos: propagation and tau energy loss  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astrophysical sources of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays may also be sources of ultrahigh energy neutrinos, including tau neutrinos from ??->?? oscillations over astrophysical distances. A mountain or small column depth of Earth acts as a neutrino converter for ??->?, and a tau decay in the atmosphere, after it has emerged from the Earth, produces an air shower. We evaluate ?? and ? propagation through 10-100 km of rock using a stochastic evaluation of ??->? conversion and tau electromagnetic energy loss. We compare our results with the analytic approaches commonly used to estimate air shower event rates. We find that the analytic approach typically does well only for E?<10^10 GeV. We discuss the implications for recent analytic evaluations of shower event rates.

Hall Reno, Mary; Iyer Dutta, Sharada; Huang, Yiwen

2005-04-01

117

Measurements of the tau Mass and Mass Difference of the tau^+ and tau^- at BABAR  

SciTech Connect

The authors present the result of a precision measurement of the mass of the {tau} lepton, M{sub {tau}}, based on 423 fb{sup -1} of data recorded at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector. Using a pseudomass endpoint method, they determine the mass to be 1776.68 {+-} 0.12(stat) {+-} 0.41(syst) MeV. They also measure the mass difference between the {tau}{sup +} and {tau}{sup -}, and obtain (M{sub {tau}{sup +}} - M{sub {tau}{sup -}})/M{sub AVG}{sup {tau}} = (-3.4 {+-} 1.3(stat) {+-} 0.3(syst)) x 10{sup -4}, where M{sub AVG}{sup {tau}} is the average value of M{sub {tau}{sup +}} and M{sub {tau}{sup -}}.

Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2009-10-30

118

Search for a low mass Standard Model Higgs boson in the $\\tau-\\tau$ decay channel in $p\\bar{p}$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

We report on a search for the standard model Higgs boson decaying into pairs of {tau} leptons in p{bar p} collisions produced by the Tevatron at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The analyzed data sample was recorded by the CDFII detector and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 6.0 fb{sup -1}. The search is performed in the final state with one {tau} decaying leptonically and the second one identified through its semi-hadronic decay. Since no significant excess is observed, a 95% credibility level upper limit on the production cross section times branching ratio to the {tau}{tau} final state is set for hypothetical Higgs boson masses between 100 and 150 GeV/c{sup 2}. For a Higgs boson of 120 GeV/c{sup 2} the observed (expected) limit is 14.6 (15.3) the predicted value.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Oviedo U. /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U.; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U. /Dubna, JINR

2012-01-01

119

Search for the associated production of a b quark and a neutral supersymmetric Higgs boson that decays into tau pairs.  

PubMed

We report results from a search for production of a neutral Higgs boson in association with a b quark. We search for Higgs decays to tau pairs with one tau subsequently decaying to a muon and the other to hadrons. The data correspond to 2.7 fb(-1) of pp collisions recorded by the D0 detector at square root(s)=1.96 TeV. The data are found to be consistent with background predictions. The result allows us to exclude a significant region of parameter space of the minimal supersymmetric model. PMID:20481981

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; BackusMayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calfayan, P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Camacho-Pérez, E; Cammin, J; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Cheu, E; Chevalier-Théry, S; Cho, D K; Cho, S W; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De la Cruz-Burelo, E; DeVaughan, K; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerbaudo, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Golovanov, G; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De la Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jamin, D; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Kohli, J M; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, H S; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Mättig, P; Magaña-Villalba, R; Mal, P K; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; Martínez-Ortega, J; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Nayyar, R; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Parihar, V; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; Prewitt, M; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Razumov, I; Renkel, P; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schaile, D; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shamim, M; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Simak, V; Sirotenko, V; Skubic, P; Slattery, P; Smirnov, D; Snow, G R; Snow, J; Snyder, S; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sonnenschein, L; Sopczak, A; Sosebee, M

2010-04-16

120

Search for lepton-flavor and lepton-number violation in the decay tau(-) -->l-(+)h+(-)h'(-).  

PubMed

A search for lepton-flavor and lepton-number violation in the decay of the tau lepton into one charged lepton and two charged hadrons is performed using 221.4 fb(-1) of data collected at an e+e- center-of-mass energy of 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II storage ring. In all 14 decay modes considered, the observed data are compatible with background expectations, and upper limits are set in the range B(tau-->lhh')<(0.7 - 4.8) x 10(-7) at 90% confidence level. PMID:16383973

Aubert, B; Barate, R; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schroeder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; Mommsen, R K; Roethel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Weinstein, A J R; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Andreassen, R; Jayatilleke, S; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schott, G; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, Ch; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Won, E; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Vazquez, W P; Charles, M J; Mader, W F; Mallik, U; Mohapatra, A K; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Yi, J; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Giroux, X; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Petersen, T C; Pierini, M; Plaszczynski, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Cormack, C M; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Green, M G; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Chen, C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Staengle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Viaud, B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T

2005-11-01

121

Search for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a pair of tau leptons in pp collisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for neutral Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) decaying to tau-lepton pairs in pp collisions is performed, using events recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 24.6 fb-1, with 4.9 fb-1 at 7 TeV and 19.7 fb-1 at 8 TeV. To enhance the sensitivity to neutral MSSM Higgs bosons, the search includes the case where the Higgs boson is produced in association with a b-quark jet. No excess is observed in the tau-lepton-pair invariant mass spectrum. Exclusion limits are presented in the MSSM parameter space for different benchmark scenarios, m {h/max}, m {h/mod +}, m {h/mod -}, light-stop, light-stau, ?-phobic, and low- m H. Upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction for gluon fusion and b-quark associated Higgs boson production are also given. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Fabjan, C.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hartl, C.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Krätschmer, I.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Rabady, D.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Taurok, A.; Treberer-Treberspurg, W.; Waltenberger, W.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Suarez Gonzalez, J.; Alderweireldt, S.; Bansal, M.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Knutsson, A.; Luyckx, S.; Ochesanu, S.; Rougny, R.; Van De Klundert, M.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Daci, N.; Heracleous, N.; Keaveney, J.; Lowette, S.; Maes, M.; Olbrechts, A.; Python, Q.; Strom, D.; Tavernier, S.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Villella, I.; Caillol, C.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Dobur, D.; Favart, L.; Gay, A. P. R.; Grebenyuk, A.; Léonard, A.; Mohammadi, A.; Perniè, L.; Reis, T.; Seva, T.; Thomas, L.; Vander Velde, C.; Vanlaer, P.; Wang, J.; Zenoni, F.; Adler, V.; Beernaert, K.; Benucci, L.; Cimmino, A.; Costantini, S.; Crucy, S.; Dildick, S.; Fagot, A.; Garcia, G.; Mccartin, J.; Ocampo Rios, A. A.; Ryckbosch, D.; Salva Diblen, S.; Sigamani, M.; Strobbe, N.; Thyssen, F.; Tytgat, M.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Beluffi, C.; Bruno, G.; Castello, R.; Caudron, A.; Ceard, L.; Da Silveira, G. G.; Delaere, C.; du Pree, T.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Jafari, A.; Jez, P.; Komm, M.; Lemaitre, V.; Nuttens, C.; Pagano, D.; Perrini, L.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Popov, A.; Quertenmont, L.; Selvaggi, M.; Vidal Marono, M.; Vizan Garcia, J. M.; Beliy, N.; Caebergs, T.; Daubie, E.; Hammad, G. H.; Aldá, W. L.; Alves, G. A.; Brito, L.; Correa Martins, M.; Dos Reis Martins, T.; Mora Herrera, C.; Pol, M. E.; Carvalho, W.; Chinellato, J.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; Fonseca De Souza, S.; Malbouisson, H.; Matos Figueiredo, D.; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Prado Da Silva, W. L.; Santaolalla, J.; Santoro, A.; Sznajder, A.; Tonelli Manganote, E. J.; Vilela Pereira, A.; Bernardes, C. A.; Dogra, S.; Fernandez Perez Tomei, T. R.; Gregores, E. M.; Mercadante, P. G.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Aleksandrov, A.; Genchev, V.; Iaydjiev, P.; Marinov, A.; Piperov, S.; Rodozov, M.; Stoykova, S.; Sultanov, G.; Tcholakov, V.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Glushkov, I.; Hadjiiska, R.; Kozhuharov, V.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, M.; Du, R.; Jiang, C. H.; Plestina, R.; Tao, J.; Wang, Z.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Li, Q.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Wang, D.; Zou, W.; Avila, C.; Chaparro Sierra, L. F.; Florez, C.; Gomez, J. P.; Gomez Moreno, B.; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Polic, D.; Puljak, I.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Mekterovic, D.; Sudic, L.; Attikis, A.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Bodlak, M.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; Assran, Y.; Ellithi Kamel, A.; Mahmoud, M. A.; Radi, A.; Kadastik, M.; Murumaa, M.; Raidal, M.; Tiko, A.; Eerola, P.; Fedi, G.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Kortelainen, M. J.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Wendland, L.; Talvitie, J.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Couderc, F.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Favaro, C.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Malcles, J.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Titov, M.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Busson, P.; Charlot, C.; Dahms, T.; Dalchenko, M.; Dobrzynski, L.; Filipovic, N.; Florent, A.; Granier de Cassagnac, R.; Mastrolorenzo, L.; Miné, P.; Mironov, C.; Naranjo, I. N.; Nguyen, M.; Ochando, C.; Paganini, P.; Regnard, S.; Salerno, R.; Sauvan, J. B.; Sirois, Y.; Veelken, C.; Yilmaz, Y.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Aubin, A.; Bloch, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Chabert, E. C.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Goetzmann, C.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Van Hove, P.; Gadrat, S.; Beauceron, S.; Beaupere, N.; Boudoul, G.; Bouvier, E.; Brochet, S.; Carrillo Montoya, C. A.; Chasserat, J.; Chierici, R.; Contardo, D.; Depasse, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Fan, J.; Fay, J.; Gascon, S.; Gouzevitch, M.; Ille, B.; Kurca, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Mirabito, L.; Perries, S.; Ruiz Alvarez, J. D.; Sabes, D.; Sgandurra, L.; Sordini, V.; Vander Donckt, M.; Verdier, P.; Viret, S.; Xiao, H.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Autermann, C.; Beranek, S.

2014-10-01

122

Measurement of the tau lepton polarization and its forward-backward asymmetry from Z 0 decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a measurement of the tau lepton polarization and its forward-backward asymmetry at the Z0 resonance using the OPAL detector. This measurement is based on analyses of the\\u000a

R. Akers; G. Alexander; J. Allison; K. J. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; A. Astbury; D. Axen; G. Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J. R. Batley; G. Beaudoin; A. Beck; G. A. Beck; J. Becker; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; P. Bentkowski; S. Bentvelsen; P. Bright-Thomas; S. Bethke; O. Biebel; I. J. Bloodworth; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; S. Braibant; R. M. Brown; A. Buijs; H. J. Burckhart; C. Burgard; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; J. C. Clayton; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; M. Coupland; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C. Darling; S. De Jong; H. Deng; M. Dittmar; M. S. Dixit; E. do Couto e Silva; J. E. Duboscq; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; U. C. Dunwoody; P. A. Elcombe; P. G. Estabrooks; E. Etzion; H. G. Evans; F. Fabbri; B. Fabbro; M. Fanti; M. Fierro; M. Fincke-Keeler; M. H. Fischer; P. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; J. D. Gillies; J. Goldberg; D. M. Gingrich; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; P. Grannis; E. Gross; J. Hagemann; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; C. K. Hargrove; J. Hart; P. A. Hart; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; E. Heflin; R. J. Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; D. A. Hinshaw; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; A. Höcker; R. J. Homer; A. K. Honma; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; R. Humbert; P. Igo-Kemenes; H. Ihssen; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; P. Jovanovic; C. Jui; D. Karlen; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; R. K. Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; B. King; J. King; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R. Kowalewski; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; P. Leblanc; P. Le Du; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; M. H. Lehto; D. Lellouch; C. Leroy; J. Letts; L. Levinson; Z. Li; F. Liu; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; M. J. Losty; X. C. Lou; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; T. Mashimo; P. Mättig; U. Maur; J. McKenna; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; J. R. McNutt; F. Meijers; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; A. Michelini; R. P. Middleton; G. Mikenberg; J. Mildenberger; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; C. Moisan; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; J. P. Pansart; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. Pfister; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J. Pinfold; D. Pitman; D. E. Plane; P. Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; M. W. Redmond; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. Rison; S. A. Robins; D. Robinson; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; S. Rossberg; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; H. von der Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; P. Schütz; M. Schulz; C. Schwick; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; M. Settles; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; R. Sobie; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; R. Ströhmer; D. Strom; P. Szymanski; H. Takeda; T. Takeshita; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; P. Teixeira-Dias; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; S. Towers; T. Tsukamoto; M. F. Turner-Watson; D. Van den plas; R. Van Kooten; G. Vasseur; M. Vincter; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; V. H. Winterer; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S. Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; A. Yeaman; G. Yekutieli; M. Yurko; W. Zeuner; G. T. Zorn

1995-01-01

123

Search for second-class currents in tau;{-} --> omegapi;{-}nu_{tau}.  

PubMed

We report an analysis of tau;{-} decaying into omegapi;{-}nu_{tau} with omega --> pi;{+}pi;{-}pi;{0} using a data sample containing nearly 320 x 10;{6}tau pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-Factory. We find no evidence for second-class currents, and we set an upper limit of 0.69% at 90% confidence level for the fraction of second-class currents in this decay mode. PMID:19659341

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Tico, J Garra; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Zhang, L; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; da Costa, J Firmino; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Pegna, D Lopes; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Sevilla, M Franco; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L

2009-07-24

124

Zinc Binding Directly Regulates Tau Toxicity Independent of Tau Hyperphosphorylation  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Tau hyperphosphorylation is thought to underlie tauopathy. Working in a Drosophila tauopathy model expressing a human Tau mutant (hTauR406W, or Tau*), we show that zinc contributes to the development of Tau toxicity through two independent actions: by increasing Tau phosphorylation and, more significantly, by directly binding to Tau. Elimination of zinc binding through amino acid substitution of Cys residues has a minimal effect on phosphorylation levels yet essentially eliminates Tau toxicity. The toxicity of the zinc-binding-deficient mutant Tau* (Tau*C2A) and overexpression of native Drosophila Tau, also lacking the corresponding zinc-binding Cys residues, are largely impervious to zinc concentration. Importantly, restoration of zinc-binding ability to Tau* by introduction of a zinc-binding residue (His) into the original Cys positions restores zinc-responsive toxicities in proportion to zinc-binding affinities. These results indicate zinc binding is a substantial contributor to tauopathy and have implications for therapy development. PMID:25066125

Huang, Yunpeng; Wu, Zhihao; Cao, Yu; Lang, Minglin; Lu, Bingwei; Zhou, Bing

2015-01-01

125

Search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV  

E-print Network

A search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is performed using a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.6 fb[superscript ?1] recorded by the CMS experiment ...

Alver, B.

126

Search for Charged Higgs Boson Decays of the Top Quark using Hadronic Decays of the Tau Lepton  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Letter describes a direct search for charged Higgs boson production in pp¯ collisions at s = 1.8 TeV recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Two-Higgs-double extensions to the standard model predict the existence of charged Higgs bosons \\(H+/-\\). In such models, the branching fraction for top quarks B\\(t-->H+b-->?+?b\\) can be large. This search uses the hadronic decays of the tau lepton in this channel to significantly extend previous limits on H+/- production.

Abe, F.; Akimoto, H.; Akopian, A.; Albrow, M. G.; Amendolia, S. R.; Amidei, D.; Antos, J.; Aota, S.; Apollinari, G.; Asakawa, T.; Ashmanskas, W.; Atac, M.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; Bacchetta, N.; Badgett, W.; Bagdasarov, S.; Bailey, M. W.; Bao, J.; de Barbaro, P.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barone, M.; Barzi, E.; Bauer, G.; Baumann, T.; Bedeschi, F.; Behrends, S.; Belforte, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Benlloch, J.; Bensinger, J.; Benton, D.; Beretvas, A.; Berge, J. P.; Berryhill, J.; Bertolucci, S.; Bevensee, B.; Bhatti, A.; Biery, K.; Binkley, M.; Bisello, D.; Blair, R. E.; Blocker, C.; Bodek, A.; Bokhari, W.; Bolognesi, V.; Bolla, G.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Breccia, L.; Bromberg, C.; Bruner, N.; Buckley-Geer, E.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Byon-Wagner, A.; Byrum, K. L.; Cammerata, J.; Campagnari, C.; Campbell, M.; Caner, A.; Carithers, W.; Carlsmith, D.; Castro, A.; Cauz, D.; Cen, Y.; Cervelli, F.; Chang, P. S.; Chang, P. T.; Chao, H. Y.; Chapman, J.; Cheng, M.-T.; Chiarelli, G.; Chikamatsu, T.; Chiou, C. N.; Christofek, L.; Cihangir, S.; Clark, A. G.; Cobal, M.; Cocca, E.; Contreras, M.; Conway, J.; Cooper, J.; Cordelli, M.; Couyoumtzelis, C.; Crane, D.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Culbertson, R.; Daniels, T.; Dejongh, F.; Delchamps, S.; dell'Agnello, S.; dell'Orso, M.; Demina, R.; Demortier, L.; Deninno, M.; Derwent, P. F.; Devlin, T.; Dittmann, J. R.; Donati, S.; Done, J.; Dorigo, T.; Dunn, A.; Eddy, N.; Einsweiler, K.; Elias, J. E.; Ely, R.; Engels, E., Jr.; Errede, D.; Errede, S.; Fan, Q.; Feild, G.; Ferretti, C.; Fiori, I.; Flaugher, B.; Foster, G. W.; Franklin, M.; Frautschi, M.; Freeman, J.; Friedman, J.; Frisch, H.; Fukui, Y.; Funaki, S.; Galeotti, S.; Gallinaro, M.; Ganel, O.; Garcia-Sciveres, M.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Gay, C.; Geer, S.; Gerdes, D. W.; Giannetti, P.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Giusti, G.; Gladney, L.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Gonzalez, J.; Gordon, A.; Goshaw, A. T.; Gotra, Y.; Goulianos, K.; Grassmann, H.; Groer, L.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Guillian, G.; Guo, R. S.; Haber, C.; Hafen, E.; Hahn, S. R.; Hamilton, R.; Handler, R.; Hans, R. M.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hardman, A. D.; Harral, B.; Harris, R. M.; Hauger, S. A.; Hauser, J.; Hawk, C.; Hayashi, E.; Heinrich, J.; Hinrichsen, B.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hohlmann, M.; Holck, C.; Hollebeek, R.; Holloway, L.; Hong, S.; Houk, G.; Hu, P.; Huffman, B. T.; Hughes, R.; Huston, J.; Huth, J.; Hylen, J.; Ikeda, H.; Incagli, M.; Incandela, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iwai, J.; Iwata, Y.; Jensen, H.; Joshi, U.; Kadel, R. W.; Kajfasz, E.; Kambara, H.; Kamon, T.; Kaneko, T.; Karr, K.; Kasha, H.; Kato, Y.; Keaffaber, T. A.; Kelley, K.; Kennedy, R. D.; Kephart, R.; Kesten, P.; Kestenbaum, D.; Keutelian, H.; Keyvan, F.; Kharadia, B.; Kim, B. J.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kirsch, L.; Koehn, P.; Kondo, K.; Konigsberg, J.; Kopp, S.; Kordas, K.; Korytov, A.; Koska, W.; Kovacs, E.; Kowald, W.; Krasberg, M.; Kroll, J.; Kruse, M.; Kuwabara, T.; Kuhlmann, S. E.; Kuns, E.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lami, S.; Lammel, S.; Lamoureux, J. I.; Lancaster, M.; Lecompte, T.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limon, P.; Lindgren, M.; Liss, T. M.; Liu, J. B.; Liu, Y. C.; Lockyer, N.; Long, O.; Loomis, C.; Loreti, M.; Lu, J.; Lucchesi, D.; Lukens, P.; Lusin, S.; Lys, J.; Maeshima, K.; Maghakian, A.; Maksimovic, P.; Mangano, M.; Mansour, J.; Mariotti, M.; Marriner, J. P.; Martin, A.; Matthews, J. A.; Mattingly, R.; McIntyre, P.; Melese, P.; Menzione, A.; Meschi, E.; Metzler, S.; Miao, C.; Miao, T.; Michail, G.; Miller, R.; Minato, H.; Miscetti, S.; Mishina, M.; Mitsushio, H.; Miyamoto, T.; Miyashita, S.; Moggi, N.; Morita, Y.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, T.; Murat, P.; Nakada, H.; Nakano, I.; Nelson, C.; Neuberger, D.; Newman-Holmes, C.; Ngan, C.-Y. P.; Ninomiya, M.; Nodulman, L.; Oh, S. H.; Ohl, K. E.; Ohmoto, T.; Ohsugi, T.; Oishi, R.; Okabe, M.; Okusawa, T.; Oliveira, R.; Olsen, J.; Pagliarone, C.; Paoletti, R.; Papadimitriou, V.; Pappas, S. P.; Parashar, N.; Park, S.; Parri, A.; Patrick, J.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Perazzo, A.; Pescara, L.; Peters, M. D.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pillai, M.; Pitts, K. T.; Plunkett, R.; Pondrom, L.; Proudfoot, J.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Ragan, K.; Reher, D.; Ribon, A.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Robertson, W. J.; Rodrigo, T.; Rolli, S.; Romano, J.; Rosenson, L.; Roser, R.; Saab, T.; Sakumoto, W. K.; Saltzberg, D.; Sansoni, A.; Santi, L.; Sato, H.; Schlabach, P.; Schmidt, E. E.; Schmidt, M. P.; Scribano, A.; Segler, S.; Seidel, S.; Seiya, Y.; Sganos, G.; Shapiro, M. D.; Shaw, N. M.; Shen, Q.; Shepard, P. F.; Shimojima, M.; Shochet, M.; Siegrist, J.; Sill, A.; Sinervo, P.; Singh, P.; Skarha, J.; Sliwa, K.; Snider, F. D.; Song, T.; Spalding, J.; Speer, T.; Sphicas, P.; Spinella, F.; Spiropulu, M.

1997-07-01

127

Search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs in pp over collisions with the D0 detector.  

PubMed

We present a search for the production of neutral Higgs bosons varphi decaying into tau+tau - final states in pp over collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 1 fb(-1), were collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Limits on the production cross section times branching ratio are set. The results are interpreted in the minimal supersymmetric standard model yielding limits that are the most stringent to date at hadron colliders. PMID:18764524

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahn, S H; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Anastasoaie, M; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anderson, S; Andrieu, B; Anzelc, M S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Assis Jesus, A C S; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; Badaud, F; Baden, A; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, P; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Biscarat, C; Blazey, G; Blekman, F; Blessing, S; Bloch, D; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Buchanan, N J; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burke, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Butler, J M; Calfayan, P; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Charles, F; Cheu, E; Chevallier, F; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christofek, L; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Crépé-Renaudin, S; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; da Motta, H; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; De Oliveira Martins, C; Degenhardt, J D; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dong, H; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Dugad, S R; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dyer, J; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Ermolov, P; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Gallas, E; Garcia, C; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Gelé, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gollub, N; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hadley, N J; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hauser, R; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hoeth, H; Hohlfeld, M; Hong, S J; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jarvis, C; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Kalk, J M; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kau, D; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y M; Khatidze, D; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J-P; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Krop, D; Kuhl, T; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Leveque, J; Li, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lima, J G R; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Madaras, R J; Mättig, P; Magass, C; Magerkurth, A; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Mao, H S; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Millet, T; Mitrevski, J; Mommsen, R K; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Naumann, N A; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; O'Dell, V; O'Neil, D C; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Oshima, N; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Pawloski, G; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Petteni, M; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Pope, B G; Popov, A V; Potter, C; da Silva, W L Prado; Prosper, H B; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rakitine, A; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Renkel, P; Reucroft, S; Rich, P; Rieger, J; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rodrigues, R F; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G

2008-08-15

128

Improved Limits on Lepton-Flavor-Violating tau Decays to lvarphi, lrho, lK*, and l Kmacr  

Microsoft Academic Search

We search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor-violating tau decays tau--->l-V0, where l is an electron or muon and V0 is a vector meson reconstructed as varphi-->K+K-, rho-->pi+pi-, K*-->K+pi-, Kmacr *-->K-pi+. The analysis has been performed using 451fb-1 of data collected at an e+e- center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage rings. The number of events

B. Aubert; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; E. Prencipe; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; M. Martinelli; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Lynch; I. L. Osipenkov; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; C. M. Hawkes; N. Soni; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. J. Asgeirsson; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; A. Randle-Conde; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; A. R. Buzykaev; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; H. Atmacan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; G. M. Vitug; Z. Yasin; L. Zhang; V. Sharma; C. Campagnari; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; M. A. Mazur; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; A. J. Martinez; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; L. O. Winstrom; C. H. Cheng; D. A. Doll; B. Echenard; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; P. C. Bloom; W. T. Ford; A. Gaz; J. F. Hirschauer; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; J. G. Smith; S. R. Wagner; R. Ayad; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; T. M. Karbach; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; M. J. Kobel; R. Nogowski; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; S. Playfer; J. E. Watson; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; E. Fioravanti; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Munerato; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; V. Santoro; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; R. Contri; E. Guido; M. Lo Vetere; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; A. Adametz; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; F. U. Bernlochner; V. Klose; H. M. Lacker; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; D. Derkach; J. Firmino da Costa; G. Grosdidier; F. Le Diberder; V. Lepeltier; A. M. Lutz; B. Malaescu; S. Pruvot; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; C. K. Clarke; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; M. Sigamani; G. Cowan; S. Paramesvaran; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; W. Gradl; A. Hafner; K. E. Alwyn; D. Bailey; R. J. Barlow; G. Jackson; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; S. W. Henderson; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; M. Schram; A. Lazzaro; V. Lombardo; F. Palombo; S. Stracka; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; M. Simard; P. Taras; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; G. Onorato; C. Sciacca; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; W. F. Wang; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; G. Castelli; N. Gagliardi; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; P. Del Amo Sanchez; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; J. Chauveau; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; G. Marchiori; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; S. Sitt; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; E. Manoni; C. Angelini; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; G. Calderini; M. Carpinelli; A. Cervelli; F. Forti; M. A. Giorgi; A. Lusiani; M. Morganti; N. Neri; E. Paoloni; G. Rizzo; J. J. Walsh; D. Lopes Pegna; C. Lu; J. Olsen; A. J. S. Smith; A. V. Telnov; F. Anulli; E. Baracchini; G. Cavoto; R. Faccini; F. Ferrarotto; F. Ferroni; M. Gaspero; P. D. Jackson; L. Li Gioi; M. A. Mazzoni; S. Morganti; G. Piredda; F. Renga; C. Voena; M. Ebert; T. Hartmann; H. Schröder; R. Waldi; T. Adye; B. Franek; E. O. Olaiya; F. F. Wilson; S. Emery; L. Esteve; G. Hamel de Monchenault; W. Kozanecki; G. Vasseur; Ch. Yèche; M. Zito; M. T. Allen; D. Aston; R. Bartoldus; J. F. Benitez; R. Cenci; J. P. Coleman; M. R. Convery; J. C. Dingfelder; J. Dorfan; G. P. Dubois-Felsmann; W. Dunwoodie

2009-01-01

129

Potential synergy between tau aggregation inhibitors and tau chaperone modulators  

PubMed Central

Tau is a soluble, microtubule-associated protein known to aberrantly form amyloid-positive aggregates. This pathology is characteristic for more than 15 neuropathies, the most common of which is Alzheimer’s disease. Finding therapeutics to reverse or remove this non-native tau state is of great interest; however, at this time only one drug is entering phase III clinical trials for treating tauopathies. Generally, tau manipulation by therapeutics can either directly or indirectly alter tau aggregation and stability. Drugs that bind and change the conformation of tau itself are largely classified as aggregation inhibitors, while drugs that alter the activity of a tau-effector protein fall into several categories, such as kinase inhibitors, microtubule stabilizers, or chaperone modulators. Chaperone inhibitors that have proven effective in tau models include heat shock protein 90 inhibitors, heat shock protein 70 inhibitors and activators, as well as inducers of heat shock proteins. While many of these compounds can alter tau levels and/or aggregation states, it is possible that combining these approaches may produce the most optimal outcome. However, because many of these compounds have multiple off-target effects or poor blood–brain barrier permeability, the development of this synergistic therapeutic strategy presents significant challenges. This review will summarize many of the drugs that have been identified to alter tau biology, with special focus on therapeutics that prevent tau aggregation and regulate chaperone-mediated clearance of tau. PMID:24041111

2013-01-01

130

Can we see tau-Flavour Violation at the LHC?  

SciTech Connect

We study the conditions required for chi{sub 2}->chi+tau{sup +}-mu{sup +}- decays to yield observable tau flavour violation at the LHC, for cosmologically interesting values of the neutralino relic density.

Carquin, E. [Departamento de Fisica y Centro de Estudios Subatomicos, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Casilla 110-V, Valparaiso (Chile); Gomez, M. E.; Rodriguez-Quintero, J. [Department of Applied Physics, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva (Spain)

2010-02-10

131

Search for a low-mass higgs boson in Upsilon(3S)-->gammaA(0), A(0)-->tau(+)tau(-) at BABAR.  

PubMed

We search for a light Higgs boson A0 in the radiative decay Upsilon(3S)-->gammaA(0), A(0)-->tau+tau-, tau+-->e+nu(e)nu(tau), or tau+-->mu+nu(mu)nu(tau). The data sample contains 122x10(6) Upsilon(3S) events recorded with the BABAR detector. We find no evidence for a narrow structure in the studied tau+tau- invariant mass region of 4.03tau+tau-)<10.10 GeV/c2. We exclude at the 90% confidence level (C.L.) a low-mass Higgs boson decaying to tau+tau- with a product branching fraction B(Upsilon(3S)-->gammaA(0))xB(A(0)-->tau+tau-)>(1.5-16)x10(-5) across the m(tau+tau-) range. We also set a 90% C.L. upper limit on the tau+tau- decay of the eta(b) at B(eta(b)-->tau+tau-)<8%. PMID:19905799

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Tico, J Garra; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Ongmongkolkul, P; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Volk, A; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; da Costa, J Firmino; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Biassoni, P; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Sevilla, M Franco; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S

2009-10-30

132

Stage-two spin-correlation functions: Tests for non-CKM-type leptonic [ital CP] violation in [tau][r arrow][rho][nu] decay  

SciTech Connect

There are two tests for leptonic [ital CP] violation in [tau][r arrow][rho][nu] decay by inclusion of [rho] polarimetry observables in the energy correlation function for [ital Z][sup 0] or [gamma][sup *][r arrow][tau][sup [minus

Nelson, C.A.; Friedman, H.S.; Goozovat, S.; Klein, J.A.; Kneller, L.R.; Perry, W.J.; Ustin, S.A. (Department of Physics, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, New York 13902-6000 (United States))

1994-10-01

133

Measurement of the tau--->etapi-pi+pi-nutau branching fraction and a search for a second-class current in the tau--->eta'(958)pi-nutau decay  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tau--->etapi-pi+pi-nutau decay with the eta-->gammagamma mode is studied using 384fb-1 of data collected by the BABAR detector. The branching fraction is measured to be (1.60±0.05±0.11)×10-4. It is found that tau--->f1(1285)pi-nutau-->etapi-pi+pi-nutau is the dominant decay mode with a branching fraction of (1.11±0.06±0.05)×10-4. The first error on the branching fractions is statistical and the second systematic. Note that no particle identification

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; David Nathan Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; L. Wang; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; M. Sigamani; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni

2008-01-01

134

Identification and energy calibration of hadronically decaying tau leptons with the ATLAS experiment in $pp$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV  

E-print Network

This paper describes the trigger and offline reconstruction, identification and energy calibration algorithms for hadronic decays of tau leptons employed for the data collected from $pp$ collisions in 2012 with the ATLAS detector at the LHC center-of-mass energy $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV. The performance of these algorithms is measured in most cases with Z decays to tau leptons using the full 2012 dataset, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb$^{-1}$. An uncertainty on the offline reconstructed tau energy scale of 2% to 4%, depending on transverse energy and pseudorapidity, is achieved using two independent methods. The offline tau identification efficiency is measured with a precision of 2.5% for hadronically decaying tau leptons with one associated track, and of 4% for the case of three associated tracks, inclusive in pseudorapidity and for a visible transverse energy greater than $20$ GeV. For hadronic tau lepton decays selected by offline algorithms, the tau trigger identification efficiency is me...

Aad, Georges; ATLAS Collaboration; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdel Khalek, Samah; Abdinov, Ovsat; Aben, Rosemarie; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; AbouZeid, Ossama; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Abreu, Ricardo; Abulaiti, Yiming; Acharya, Bobby Samir; Adamczyk, Leszek; Adams, David; Adelman, Jahred; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adye, Tim; Agatonovic-Jovin, Tatjana; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Agustoni, Marco; Ahlen, Steven; Ahmadov, Faig; Aielli, Giulio; Akerstedt, Henrik; Åkesson, Torsten Paul Ake; Akimoto, Ginga; Akimov, Andrei; Alberghi, Gian Luigi; Albert, Justin; Albrand, Solveig; Alconada Verzini, Maria Josefina; Aleksa, Martin; Aleksandrov, Igor; Alexa, Calin; Alexander, Gideon; Alexandre, Gauthier; Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Alhroob, Muhammad; Alimonti, Gianluca; Alio, Lion; Alison, John; Allbrooke, Benedict; Allison, Lee John; Allport, Phillip; Aloisio, Alberto; Alonso, Alejandro; Alonso, Francisco; Alpigiani, Cristiano; Altheimer, Andrew David; Alvarez Gonzalez, Barbara; Alviggi, Mariagrazia; Amako, Katsuya; Amaral Coutinho, Yara; Amelung, Christoph; Amidei, Dante; Amor Dos Santos, Susana Patricia; Amorim, Antonio; Amoroso, Simone; Amram, Nir; Amundsen, Glenn; Anastopoulos, Christos; Ancu, Lucian Stefan; Andari, Nansi; Andeen, Timothy; Anders, Christoph Falk; Anders, Gabriel; Anderson, Kelby; Andreazza, Attilio; Andrei, George Victor; Anduaga, Xabier; Angelidakis, Stylianos; Angelozzi, Ivan; Anger, Philipp; Angerami, Aaron; Anghinolfi, Francis; Anisenkov, Alexey; Anjos, Nuno; Annovi, Alberto; Antonaki, Ariadni; Antonelli, Mario; Antonov, Alexey; Antos, Jaroslav; Anulli, Fabio; Aoki, Masato; Aperio Bella, Ludovica; Apolle, Rudi; Arabidze, Giorgi; Aracena, Ignacio; Arai, Yasuo; Araque, Juan Pedro; Arce, Ayana; Arduh, Francisco Anuar; Arguin, Jean-Francois; Argyropoulos, Spyridon; Arik, Metin; Armbruster, Aaron James; Arnaez, Olivier; Arnal, Vanessa; Arnold, Hannah; Arratia, Miguel; Arslan, Ozan; Artamonov, Andrei; Artoni, Giacomo; Asai, Shoji; Asbah, Nedaa; Ashkenazi, Adi; Åsman, Barbro; Asquith, Lily; Assamagan, Ketevi; Astalos, Robert; Atkinson, Markus; Atlay, Naim Bora; Auerbach, Benjamin; Augsten, Kamil; Aurousseau, Mathieu; Avolio, Giuseppe; Axen, Bradley; Azuelos, Georges; Azuma, Yuya; Baak, Max; Baas, Alessandra; Bacci, Cesare; Bachacou, Henri; Bachas, Konstantinos; Backes, Moritz; Backhaus, Malte; Backus Mayes, John; Badescu, Elisabeta; Bagiacchi, Paolo; Bagnaia, Paolo; Bai, Yu; Bain, Travis; Baines, John; Baker, Oliver Keith; Balek, Petr; Balli, Fabrice; Banas, Elzbieta; Banerjee, Swagato; Bannoura, Arwa A E; Bansil, Hardeep Singh; Barak, Liron; Baranov, Sergei; Barberio, Elisabetta Luigia; Barberis, Dario; Barbero, Marlon; Barillari, Teresa; Barisonzi, Marcello; Barklow, Timothy; Barlow, Nick; Barnes, Sarah Louise; Barnett, Bruce; Barnett, Michael; Barnovska, Zuzana; Baroncelli, Antonio; Barone, Gaetano; Barr, Alan; Barreiro, Fernando; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, João; Bartoldus, Rainer; Barton, Adam Edward; Bartos, Pavol; Bartsch, Valeria; Bassalat, Ahmed; Basye, Austin; Bates, Richard; Batista, Santiago Juan; Batley, Richard; Battaglia, Marco; Battistin, Michele; Bauer, Florian; Bawa, Harinder Singh; Beattie, Michael David; Beau, Tristan; Beauchemin, Pierre-Hugues; Beccherle, Roberto; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Hans Peter; Becker, Anne Kathrin; Becker, Sebastian; Beckingham, Matthew; Becot, Cyril; Beddall, Andrew; Beddall, Ayda; Bedikian, Sourpouhi; Bednyakov, Vadim; Bee, Christopher; Beemster, Lars; Beermann, Thomas; Begel, Michael; Behr, Katharina; Belanger-Champagne, Camille; Bell, Paul; Bell, William; Bella, Gideon; Bellagamba, Lorenzo; Bellerive, Alain; Bellomo, Massimiliano; Belotskiy, Konstantin; Beltramello, Olga; Benary, Odette; Benchekroun, Driss; Bendtz, Katarina; Benekos, Nektarios; Benhammou, Yan; Benhar Noccioli, Eleonora; Benitez Garcia, Jorge-Armando; Benjamin, Douglas; Bensinger, James; Bentvelsen, Stan; Berge, David; Bergeaas Kuutmann, Elin; Berger, Nicolas; Berghaus, Frank; Beringer, Jürg; Bernard, Clare; Bernat, Pauline; Bernius, Catrin; Bernlochner, Florian Urs; Berry, Tracey; Berta, Peter; Bertella, Claudia; Bertoli, Gabriele; Bertolucci, Federico; Bertsche, Carolyn; Bertsche, David; Besana, Maria Ilaria; Besjes, Geert-Jan; Bessidskaia, Olga; Bessner, Martin Florian; Besson, Nathalie; Betancourt, Christopher; Bethke, Siegfried; Bhimji, Wahid; Bianchi, Riccardo-Maria; Bianchini, Louis; Bianco, Michele; Biebel, Otmar; Bieniek, Stephen Paul; Bierwagen, Katharina; Biesiada, Jed; Biglietti, Michela; Bilbao De Mendizabal, Javier; Bilokon, Halina; Bindi, Marcello; Binet, Sebastien

2014-01-01

135

Seeded Propagation of Tau Fibrils.  

E-print Network

??In various neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, Pick's disease, and corticobasal degeneration, the deposition of fibrils composed of misfolded tau protein is… (more)

Dinkel, Paul David

136

Electroweak test from the harder lepton's energy spectrum in Z/sup 0/. -->. tau/sup +/tau/sup -/. --> mu. /sup +/e/sup -/X  

SciTech Connect

The harder lepton's energy spectrum for the decay sequence Z/sup 0/..-->..tau/sup +/tau/sup -/..--> mu../sup +/e/sup -/X is sensitive to the tau-couplings parameter xi..cap alpha../sub H/ where xi is the Michel polarization parameter for tau/sup -/..-->..l/sup -/..nu..nu-bar, and ..cap alpha../sub H/approx. =-2a/sub tau/v/sub tau//(a/sup 2//sub tau/+v/sup 2//sub tau/) where a/sub tau/ and v/sub tau/ describe Z/sup 0/..-->..tau/sup +/tau/sup -/ at tree level. Due to a factorization property, radiative corrections to such energy-energy correlations are as tractable as for A/sub L//sub R/; however, this test does not require instrumentation of longitudinal beam polarization.

Nelson, C.A.

1989-03-20

137

Improved limits on lepton-flavor-violating tau decays to lphi, lrho, lK, and lK.  

PubMed

We search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor-violating tau decays tau- -->l-}V0, where l is an electron or muon and V0 is a vector meson reconstructed as phi-->K+K-, rho-->pi+pi-, K-->K+pi-, K[over ]-->K-pi+. The analysis has been performed using 451 fb-1 of data collected at an e+e- center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage rings. The number of events found in the data is compatible with the background expectation, and upper limits on the branching fractions are set in the range (2.6-19)x10-8 at the 90% confidence level. PMID:19659196

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Tico, J Garra; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Zhang, L; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Firmino da Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S

2009-07-10

138

Search for Second-Class Currents in tau- -> omega.pi-.nu_tau  

SciTech Connect

We report an analysis of {tau}{sup -} decaying into {omega}{pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}} with {omega} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0} using a data sample containing nearly 320 million {tau} pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-Factory. We find no evidence for second-class currents and we set an upper limit of 0.69% at 90% confidence level for the fraction of second-class currents in this decay mode.

Aubert, B.

2009-04-22

139

A study of w boson decay charge asymmetry using hadronic tau decays in proton - anti-proton collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation presents a measurement of the tau charge asymmetry in events where the taus are produced by W decays. This charge asymmetry appears as different rapidity distributions for positive and negative taus. Two competing effects generate tau charge asymmetry. The production mechanism for the W gauge boson generates a charge asymmetry which is a function of the ratio of parton distribution functions, d(x)=u(x), measured at x {approx} M{sub W}/{radical}s. This is the dominant effect for tau charge asymmetry at small rapidity. At higher rapidity, however, the competing charge asymmetry from parity violation in W decay to taus becomes dominant. This tau asymmetry measurement is consistent with the Standard Model with a x{sup 2} per degree of freedom equal to 2.5 for 4 degrees of freedom when the asymmetry measurement is folded about y = 0, taking advantage of the CP symmetry of the underlying physics, and 8.9 for 8 degrees of freedom when it is not. This measurement introduces some methods and variables of interest to future analyses using hadronic decay modes of taus. This work was done using the CDF detector in {bar p}p collisions at {radical} = 1.8 TeV at Fermilab's Tevatron accelerator.

E.W Kuns

2002-10-18

140

Study of top quark production and decays involving a tau lepton at CDF and limits on a charged Higgs boson contribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an analysis of top-antitop quark production and decay into a tau lepton, tau neutrino, and bottom quark using data from 9 fb-1 of integrated luminosity at the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Dilepton events, where one lepton is an energetic electron or muon and the other a hadronically decaying tau lepton, originating from proton-antiproton collisions at ?s =1.96 TeV, are used. A top-antitop quark production cross section of 8.1±2.1 pb is measured, assuming standard-model top quark decays. By separately identifying for the first time the single-tau and the ditau components, we measure the branching fraction of the top quark into the tau lepton, tau neutrino, and bottom quark to be (9.6±2.8)%. The branching fraction of top quark decays into a charged Higgs boson and a bottom quark, which would imply violation of lepton universality, is limited to be less than 5.9% at a 95% confidence level [for B(H-???¯)=1].

Aaltonen, T.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J. A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Asaadi, J.; Ashmanskas, W.; Auerbach, B.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Bae, T.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barria, P.; Bartos, P.; Bauce, M.; Bedeschi, F.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Bhatti, A.; Bland, K. R.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brucken, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Butti, P.; Buzatu, A.; Calamba, A.; Camarda, S.; Campanelli, M.; Canelli, F.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Casal, B.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavaliere, V.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Clark, A.; Clarke, C.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Corbo, M.; Cordelli, M.; Cox, C. A.; Cox, D. J.; Cremonesi, M.; Cruz, D.; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; d'Ascenzo, N.; Datta, M.; de Barbaro, P.; Demortier, L.; Deninno, M.; D'Errico, M.; Devoto, F.; Di Canto, A.; Di Ruzza, B.; Dittmann, J. R.; Donati, S.; D'Onofrio, M.; Dorigo, M.; Driutti, A.; Ebina, K.; Edgar, R.; Elagin, A.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, S.; Esham, B.; Farrington, S.; Fernández Ramos, J. P.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Forrest, R.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Frisch, H.; Funakoshi, Y.; Galloni, C.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Garosi, P.; Gerberich, H.; Gerchtein, E.; Giagu, S.; Giakoumopoulou, V.; Gibson, K.; Ginsburg, C. M.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Giurgiu, G.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldin, D.; Golossanov, A.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González López, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Gramellini, E.; Grinstein, S.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Guimaraes da Costa, J.; Hahn, S. R.; Han, J. Y.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, M.; Harr, R. F.; Harrington-Taber, T.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hays, C.; Heinrich, J.; Herndon, M.; Hocker, A.; Hong, Z.; Hopkins, W.; Hou, S.; Hughes, R. E.; Husemann, U.; Hussein, M.; Huston, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ivanov, A.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeon, E. J.; Jindariani, S.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Junk, T. R.; Kambeitz, M.; Kamon, T.; Karchin, P. E.; Kasmi, A.; Kato, Y.; Ketchum, W.; Keung, J.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, Y. J.; Kim, Y. K.; Kimura, N.; Kirby, M.; Knoepfel, K.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Kruse, M.; Kuhr, T.; Kurata, M.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lannon, K.; Latino, G.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, J. S.; Leo, S.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limosani, A.; Lipeles, E.; Lister, A.; Liu, H.; Liu, Q.; Liu, T.; Lockwitz, S.; Loginov, A.; Lucchesi, D.; Lucà, A.; Lueck, J.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; Madrak, R.; Maestro, P.; Malik, S.; Manca, G.; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A.; Marchese, L.; Margaroli, F.; Marino, P.; Martínez, M.; Matera, K.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazzacane, A.; Mazzanti, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Mehtala, P.; Mesropian, C.; Miao, T.; Mietlicki, D.; Mitra, A.; Miyake, H.; Moed, S.; Moggi, N.; Moon, C. S.; Moore, R.; Morello, M. J.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, Th.; Murat, P.; Mussini, M.; Nachtman, J.; Nagai, Y.; Naganoma, J.; Nakano, I.; Napier, A.; Nett, J.; Neu, C.; Nigmanov, T.; Nodulman, L.; Noh, S. Y.; Norniella, O.; Oakes, L.; Oh, S. H.; Oh, Y. D.; Oksuzian, I.; Okusawa, T.; Orava, R.; Ortolan, L.; Pagliarone, C.; Palencia, E.; Palni, P.; Papadimitriou, V.; Parker, W.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Paus, C.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pianori, E.; Pilot, J.; Pitts, K.; Plager, C.; Pondrom, L.; Poprocki, S.; Potamianos, K.; Pranko, A.; Prokoshin, F.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Ranjan, N.; Redondo Fernández, I.; Renton, P.; Rescigno, M.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Rizzi, C.; Robson, A.; Rodriguez, T.; Rolli, S.; Ronzani, M.; Roser, R.; Rosner, J. L.; Ruffini, F.; Ruiz, A.; Russ, J.; Rusu, V.; Sakumoto, W. K.; Sakurai, Y.; Santi, L.; Sato, K.; Saveliev, V.; Savoy-Navarro, A.; Schlabach, P.; Schmidt, E. E.; Schwarz, T.; Scodellaro, L.; Scuri, F.; Seidel, S.; Seiya, Y.; Semenov, A.; Sforza, F.; Shalhout, S. Z.; Shears, T.; Shepard, P. F.; Shimojima, M.; Shochet, M.; Shreyber-Tecker, I.; Simonenko, A.; Sliwa, K.; Smith, J. R.; Snider, F. D.; Song, H.; Sorin, V.; St. Denis, R.; Stancari, M.; Stentz, D.; Strologas, J.; Sudo, Y.; Sukhanov, A.; Suslov, I.; Takemasa, K.; Takeuchi, Y.; Tang, J.; Tecchio, M.; Teng, P. K.; Thom, J.; Thomson, E.; Thukral, V.; Toback, D.; Tokar, S.; Tollefson, K.; Tomura, T.; Tonelli, D.; Torre, S.; Torretta, D.; Totaro, P.; Trovato, M.; Ukegawa, F.; Uozumi, S.; Velev, G.

2014-05-01

141

Tau Lepton Mass Measurements  

SciTech Connect

The authors present the preliminary results from the precision measurement of the mass of the tau lepton using 423 fb{sup -1} of data collected at BABAR. Using a pseudomass endpoint method, they determine the mass to be 1776.68 {+-} 0.12(stat) {+-} 0.41(syst) MeV. They also measure the mass difference between the T{sup +} and T{sup -}, and obtain M{sub +}-M{sub -}/M{sub AVG} = (-3.5 {+-} 1.3) x 10{sup -4}. This results in a limit of -5.6 x 10{sup -4} < M{sub +}-M{sub -}/M{sub AVG} < -1.4 x 10{sup -4} at 90% CL.

Lund, P.; /UC, Irvine

2009-08-05

142

Search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV  

E-print Network

A search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is performed using a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.6 inverse femtobarns recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The search is sensitive to both the standard model Higgs boson and to the neutral Higgs bosons predicted by the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM). No excess of events is observed in the tau-pair invariant-mass spectrum. For a standard model Higgs boson in the mass range of 110-145 GeV upper limits at 95% confidence level (CL) on the production cross section are determined. We exclude a Higgs boson with m(H) = 115 GeV with a production cross section 3.2 times of that predicted by the standard model. In the MSSM, upper limits on the neutral Higgs boson production cross section times branching fraction to tau pairs, as a function of the pseudoscalar Higgs boson mass, m(A), sets stringent new bounds in the parameter space, excluding at 95% CL values of tan(beta) as low as 7.1 at m(A) = 160 GeV in the m[h](max) benchmark scenario.

CMS Collaboration

2014-11-12

143

A Method to Estimate the Boson Mass and to Optimise Sensitivity to Helicity Correlations of tau+tau- Final States  

E-print Network

In proton-proton collisions at LHC energies, Z and low mass Higgs bosons would be produced with high and predominantly longitudinal boost with respect to the beam axis. This note describes a new analysis tool devised to handle this situation in cases when such bosons decay to a pair of tau-leptons. The tool reconstructs the rest frame of the tau+tau- pair by finding the boost that minimises the acollinearity between the visible tau decay products. In most cases this gives a reasonable approximation to the rest frame of the decaying boson. It is shown how the reconstructed rest frame allows for a new method of mass estimation. Also a considerable gain in sensitivity to helicity correlations is obtained by analysing the tau-jets in the reconstructed frame instead of using the laboratory momenta and energies, particularly when both tau-leptons decay hadronically.

Peter L. Rosendahl; Thomas Burgess; Bjarne Stugu

2011-11-18

144

Search for lepton flavor violating decays tau(+/-) --> l(+/-)pi0, l(+/-)eta, l(+/-)eta'.  

PubMed

A search for lepton flavor violating decays of the tau lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a pseudoscalar meson has been performed using 339 fb;{-1} of e;{+}e;{-} annihilation data collected at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV by the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II storage ring. No evidence of a signal has been found, and upper limits on the branching fractions are set at the 10;{-7} level. PMID:17358932

Aubert, B; Bona, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schroeder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Roethel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, Ch; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Lee, C L; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Staengle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; McLachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Losecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonyan, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Potter, C T; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H

2007-02-01

145

Introduction to the TAU Performance System  

E-print Network

@cs.uoregon.edu http://tau.uoregon.edu These slides are available on Cetus/Intrepid in /soft/perftools/tau/ppt #12 for performance problem solving ­ Instrumentation, measurement, analysis, visualization ­ Portable performance using PDT ­ Choose an appropriate TAU stub makefile in /lib: % soft add +tau-latest (on BG

Kemner, Ken

146

Therapeutic strategies for tau mediated neurodegeneration  

PubMed Central

Based on the amyloid hypothesis, controlling ?-amyloid protein (A?) accumulation is supposed to suppress downstream pathological events, tau accumulation, neurodegeneration and cognitive decline. However, in recent clinical trials, A? removal or reducing A? production has shown limited efficacy. Moreover, while active immunisation with A? resulted in the clearance of A?, it did not prevent tau pathology or neurodegeneration. This prompts the concern that it might be too late to employ A? targeting therapies once tau mediated neurodegeneration has occurred. Therefore, it is timely and very important to develop tau directed therapies. The pathomechanisms of tau mediated neurodegeneration are unclear but hyperphosphorylation, oligomerisation, fibrillisation and propagation of tau pathology have been proposed as the likely pathological processes that induce loss of function or gain of toxic function of tau, causing neurodegeneration. Here we review the strategies for tau directed treatments based on recent progress in research on tau and our understanding of the pathomechanisms of tau mediated neurodegeneration. PMID:23085937

Yoshiyama, Yasumasa; Lee, Virginia M Y; Trojanowski, John Q

2014-01-01

147

Insulin dysfunction and Tau pathology  

PubMed Central

The neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) include senile plaques of ?-amyloid (A?) peptides (a cleavage product of the Amyloid Precursor Protein, or APP) and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) of hyperphosphorylated Tau protein assembled in paired helical filaments (PHF). NFT pathology is important since it correlates with the degree of cognitive impairment in AD. Only a small proportion of AD is due to genetic variants, whereas the large majority of cases (~99%) is late onset and sporadic in origin. The cause of sporadic AD is likely to be multifactorial, with external factors interacting with biological or genetic susceptibilities to accelerate the manifestation of the disease. Insulin dysfunction, manifested by diabetes mellitus (DM) might be such factor, as there is extensive data from epidemiological studies suggesting that DM is associated with an increased relative risk for AD. Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are known to affect multiple cognitive functions in patients. In this context, understanding the effects of diabetes on Tau pathogenesis is important since Tau pathology show a strong relationship to dementia in AD, and to memory loss in normal aging and mild cognitive impairment. Here, we reviewed preclinical studies that link insulin dysfunction to Tau protein pathogenesis, one of the major pathological hallmarks of AD. We found more than 30 studies reporting Tau phosphorylation in a mouse or rat model of insulin dysfunction. We also payed attention to potential sources of artifacts, such as hypothermia and anesthesia, that were demonstrated to results in Tau hyperphosphorylation and could major confounding experimental factors. We found that very few studies reported the temperature of the animals, and only a handful did not use anesthesia. Overall, most published studies showed that insulin dysfunction can promote Tau hyperphosphorylation and pathology, both directly and indirectly, through hypothermia. PMID:24574966

El Khoury, Noura B.; Gratuze, Maud; Papon, Marie-Amélie; Bretteville, Alexis; Planel, Emmanuel

2013-01-01

148

Tau Induces Cooperative Taxol Binding to Microtubules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Taxol and tau are two ligands which stabilize the microtubule (MT) lattice. Taxol is an anti-mitotic drug that binds ? tubulin in the MT interior. Tau is a MT-associated protein that binds both ? and ? tubulin on the MT exterior. Both taxol and tau reduce MT dynamics and promote tubulin polymerization. Tau alone also acts as a buttress to bundle, stiffen, and space MTs. A structural study recently suggested that taxol and tau may interact by binding to the same site. Using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, we find that tau induces taxol to bind MTs cooperatively depending on the tau concentration. We develop a model that correctly fits the data in the absence of tau and yields a measure of taxol cooperativity when tau is present.

Ross, Jennifer; Santangelo, Christian; Victoria, Makrides; Fygenson, Deborah

2004-03-01

149

Atmospheric Dynamics in ? Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

HST/GHRS, HST/STIS and FUSE observations of evolved late-type stars demonstrated the presence of non-thermally broadened UV emission lines forming at temperatures of 10,000 to 300,000K in almost all of the stars. In this study we analyze CI 1993.62A, CII] 2323.5A, SiIII 2350.17A, SiIV 1393A, CIII 977A, OIV 1401.35A and OVI 1032A emission lines from Tau. Our analysis of these UV lines reveal redshifts T (except for OVI 1032A), while non-thermal velocities T . Derived emission measures indicate filling factors <0.1%. These findings force us to reconsider the definition of chromospheric and transition regions in these stars as patchy regions or atmospheric hot spots. According to Freytag et al. (2002), convective cells with sizes of 0.01Rstar generate shock waves that dissipate at lower atmospheric layers. Large-scale convective motions produce large-scale magnetic structures in contrast to arcades of thin solar-like loops powered by small-scale granular motions. We discuss the model of non-linear Alfven waves amplified by resonant interaction with sound waves and propagating upward along one (or a few) constant pressure large-scale loop(s). As Alfven waves propagate upward in a gravitationally stratified atmosphere, their wave amplitudes increase causing non-thermal broadening in UV lines due to unresolved wave motions. We discuss a model that predicts downward plasma motions in extended loops driven by asymmetric Alfven wave heating. We use a state-of-the-art 2.5 MHD code to show that the energy flux density of Alfven waves (with P a few days), which are needed to explain the radiative cooling and non-thermal broadening in the UV lines, is consistent with the requirement to drive massive ( 10 MSun/yr) and slow ( 30 km/s) stellar winds from magnetically open structures with the assumption of a magnetic field at the wind base 1 G. This research is supported by the NASA Research grant to CUA from GSFC No. NASA-NNG06GJ29G

Airapetian, Vladimir; Carpenter, K. G.

2008-03-01

150

Total tau is increased, but phosphorylated tau not decreased, in cerebrospinal fluid in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  

PubMed

In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), objective biomarkers are needed for early diagnosis and progression monitoring. Reduced phosphorylated tau (p-tau) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has recently been proposed to provide such a biomarker in ALS. Here, we aimed to scrutinize this notion, evaluating both p-tau and total tau (t-tau) in CSF of ALS patients and control subjects. CSF p-tau and t-tau levels were measured in 60 consecutive ALS patients and 120 control subjects without neurodegenerative disease, using an established specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Contrary to recent reports, CSF p-tau was not significantly reduced in ALS patients compared with control subjects (p = 0.287). However, CSF t-tau was significantly increased (p < 0.001). Correspondingly, the ratio of p-tau to t-tau was significantly reduced in ALS (p < 0.001). The area under the curve demonstrated poor sensitivity and specificity for p-tau, but moderate sensitivity and specificity for t-tau and p-tau/t-tau ratio. Thus, CSF p-tau by itself does not appear a suitable diagnostic biomarker for ALS, whereas CSF t-tau is a (probably unspecific) marker of the neuronal degeneration in ALS. PMID:25453560

Wilke, Carlo; Deuschle, Christian; Rattay, Tim W; Maetzler, Walter; Synofzik, Matthis

2015-02-01

151

Searches for the decays B0-->l±tau-\\/+ and B+-->l+nu (l=e, mu) using hadronic tag reconstruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present searches for the leptonic decays B+-->l+nu and the lepton flavor violating decays B0-->l±tau-\\/+, where l=e, mu, with data collected by the BABAR experiment at SLAC. This search demonstrates a novel technique in which we fully reconstruct the accompanying Bmacr in Upsilon(4S)-->B Bmacr events, and look for a monoenergetic lepton from the signal B decay. The signal yield is

B. Aubert; M. Bona; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; N. Soni; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; A. R. Buzykaev; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; C. Campagnari; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; D. A. Doll; B. Echenard; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; R. Ayad; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; J. Firmino da Costa; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; M. Klemetti; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; G. Castelli; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni; C. Angelini; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; M. Carpinelli; R. Cenci; A. Cervelli; F. Forti; M. A. Giorgi; A. Lusiani; G. Marchiori

2008-01-01

152

Measurement of the tau- -> e-vevtau branching ratio  

Microsoft Academic Search

The branching ratio of the tau- -> e-vevtau decay mode has been measured with the OPAL detector to be (17.78 +\\/- 0.10 +\\/-0.09)% where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. The branching ratio, together with other measurements, has been used to test e - mu and mu - tau universality in the charged current weak interaction.

G. Alexander; J. Allison; N. Altekamp; K. Ametewee; K. J. Anderson; S. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; D. Axen; G. Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J. R. Batley; G. Beaudoin; J. Bechtluft; G. A. Beck; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; A. N. Bell; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; S. Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; S. Bethke; O. Biebel; I. J. Bloodworth; J. E. Bloomer; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; B. T. Bouwens; S. Braibant; P. Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; H. J. Burckhart; C. Burgard; R. Bürgin; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; D. Chrisman; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; O. C. Cooke; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C. Darling; S. de Jong; L. A. del Pozo; M. S. Dixit; E. Do Couto E. Silva; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; U. C. Dunwoody; J. E. G. Edwards; P. G. Estabrooks; H. G. Evans; F. Fabbri; B. Fabbro; P. Fath; F. Fiedler; M. Fierro; M. Fincke-Keeler; H. M. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; S. M. Gascon-Shotkin; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; D. M. Gingrich; J. Goldberg; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; E. Gross; C. Hajdu; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; M. Hapke; C. K. Hargrove; P. A. Hart; C. Hartmann; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; R. Hawkings; R. J. Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; M. D. Hildreth; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; R. J. Homer; A. K. Honma; D. Horváth; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; D. E. Hutchcroft; P. Igo-Kemenes; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; A. Joly; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; U. Jost; P. Jovanovic; D. Karlen; T. Kawamoto; R. K. Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; B. J. King; J. King; J. Kirk; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R. Kowalewski; T. Kress; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; W. P. Lai; D. Lanske; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; D. Lellouch; J. Letts; L. Levinson; C. Lewis; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; M. J. Losty; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; A. Malik; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; G. Martinez; T. Mashimo; W. Matthews; P. Mättig; W. J. McDonald; J. McKenna; E. A. McKigney; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; F. Meijers; S. Menke; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; J. Meyer; A. Michelini; G. Mikenberg; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; R. Nisius; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; N. J. Oldershaw; T. Omori; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; M. Palazzo; J. Pálinkás; J. P. Pansart; G. Pásztor; J. R. Pater; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J. Pinfold; D. E. Plane; P. Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. G. Rison; S. A. Robins; N. Rodning; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; R. Rylko; E. K. G. Sarkisyan; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; M. Schulz; P. Schütz; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Sittler; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; R. Sobie; S. Söldner-Rembold; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; M. Starks; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; D. Strom; F. Strumia; P. Szymanski; R. Tafirout; H. Takeda; P. Taras; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; E. von Törne; S. Towers; M. Tscheulin; T. Tsukamoto; E. Tsur; A. S. Turcot; M. F. Turner-Watson; P. Utzat; R. van Kooten; G. Vasseur; P. Vikas; M. Vincter; E. H. Vokurka; F. Wäckerle; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S. Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; S. Xella; S. Yamashita; G. Yekutieli; V. Zacek

1996-01-01

153

Improved Limits on Lepton-Flavor-Violating tau Decays to l phi , l rho , lK^{*}, and lK[over -bar]^{*}  

E-print Network

We search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor-violating tau decays ?[over-bar]??[over-bar]V[superscript 0], where ? is an electron or muon and V[superscript 0] is a vector meson reconstructed as ??K[superscript +]K[superscript ...

Fisher, Peter H.

154

Modulation of Tau Dysfunction In Vitro  

E-print Network

The microtubule associated protein tau is a causative factor in a class of neurodegenerative diseases termed tauopathies. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent tauopathy. In AD, natively unfolded, tau becomes hyperphosphorylated...

Voss, Kellen Ranero

2011-05-31

155

Tau Splicing and the Intricacies of Dementia  

PubMed Central

Tau is a microtubule associated protein that fulfills several functions critical for neuronal formation and health. Tau discharges its functions by producing multiple isoforms via regulated alternative splicing. These isoforms modulate tau function in normal brain by altering the domains of the protein, thereby influencing its localization, conformation and post-translational modifications and hence its availability and affinity for microtubules and other ligands. Disturbances in tau expression result in disruption of the neuronal cytoskeleton and formation of tau structures (neurofibrillary tangles) found in brains of dementia sufferers. More specifically, aberrations in tau splicing regulation directly cause several neurodegenerative diseases which lead to dementia. In this review, I present our cumulative knowledge of tau splicing regulation in connection with neurodegeneration and also briefly go over the still-extensive list of questions that are connected to tau (dys)function. PMID:21604267

Andreadis, Athena

2011-01-01

156

TAU Performance Tools Mira Conference at Argonne National Laboratory,  

E-print Network

://tau.uoregon.edu/tau_mbc14.ppt Slides: /soft/perftools/tau/ppt/tau_mbc14.ppt (.pdf) #12;Acknowledgements: U. Oregon, Para for performance problem solving ­ Instrumentation, measurement, analysis, visualization ­ Portable performance

Kemner, Ken

157

Search for neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs in pp collisions at ?s=7 TeV.  

PubMed

A search for neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) Higgs bosons in pp collisions at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The results are based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36??pb(-1) recorded by the CMS experiment. The search uses decays of the Higgs bosons to tau pairs. No excess is observed in the tau-pair invariant-mass spectrum. The resulting upper limits on the Higgs boson production cross section times branching fraction to tau pairs, as a function of the pseudoscalar Higgs boson mass, yield stringent new bounds in the MSSM parameter space. PMID:21770497

Chatrchyan, S; Khachatryan, V; Sirunyan, A M; Tumasyan, A; Adam, W; Bergauer, T; Dragicevic, M; Erö, J; Fabjan, C; Friedl, M; Frühwirth, R; Ghete, V M; Hammer, J; Hänsel, S; Hoch, M; Hörmann, N; Hrubec, J; Jeitler, M; Kasieczka, G; Kiesenhofer, W; Krammer, M; Liko, D; Mikulec, I; Pernicka, M; Rohringer, H; Schöfbeck, R; Strauss, J; Teischinger, F; Wagner, P; Waltenberger, W; Walzel, G; Widl, E; Wulz, C-E; Mossolov, V; Shumeiko, N; Suarez Gonzalez, J; Benucci, L; De Wolf, E A; Janssen, X; Maes, T; Mucibello, L; Ochesanu, S; Roland, B; Rougny, R; Selvaggi, M; Van Haevermaet, H; Van Mechelen, P; Van Remortel, N; Blekman, F; Blyweert, S; D'Hondt, J; Devroede, O; Gonzalez Suarez, R; Kalogeropoulos, A; Maes, J; Maes, M; Van Doninck, W; Van Mulders, P; Van Onsem, G P; Villella, I; Charaf, O; Clerbaux, B; De Lentdecker, G; Dero, V; Gay, A P R; Hammad, G H; Hreus, T; Marage, P E; Thomas, L; Vander Velde, C; Vanlaer, P; Adler, V; Cimmino, A; Costantini, S; Grunewald, M; Klein, B; Lellouch, J; Marinov, A; McCartin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Thyssen, F; Tytgat, M; Vanelderen, L; Verwilligen, P; Walsh, S; Zaganidis, N; Basegmez, S; Bruno, G; Caudron, J; Ceard, L; Cortina Gil, E; De Favereau De Jeneret, J; Delaere, C; Favart, D; Giammanco, A; Grégoire, G; Hollar, J; Lemaitre, V; Liao, J; Militaru, O; Ovyn, S; Pagano, D; Pin, A; Piotrzkowski, K; Schul, N; Beliy, N; Caebergs, T; Daubie, E; Alves, G A; Damiao, D De Jesus; Pol, M E; Souza, M H G; Carvalho, W; Da Costa, E M; Martins, C De Oliveira; De Souza, S Fonseca; Mundim, L; Nogima, H; Oguri, V; Da Silva, W L Prado; Santoro, A; Do Amaral, S M Silva; Sznajder, A; De Araujo, F Torres Da Silva; Dias, F A; Tomei, T R Fernandez Perez; Gregores, E M; Lagana, C; Marinho, F; Mercadante, P G; Novaes, S F; Padula, Sandra S; Darmenov, N; Dimitrov, L; Genchev, V; Iaydjiev, P; Piperov, S; Rodozov, M; Stoykova, S; Sultanov, G; Tcholakov, V; Trayanov, R; Vankov, I; Dimitrov, A; Hadjiiska, R; Karadzhinova, A; Kozhuharov, V; Litov, L; Mateev, M; Pavlov, B; Petkov, P; Bian, J G; Chen, G M; Chen, H S; Jiang, C H; Liang, D; Liang, S; Meng, X; Tao, J; Wang, J; Wang, J; Wang, X; Wang, Z; Xiao, H; Xu, M; Zang, J; Zhang, Z; Ban, Y; Guo, S; Guo, Y; Li, W; Mao, Y; Qian, S J; Teng, H; Zhang, L; Zhu, B; Zou, W; Cabrera, A; Moreno, B Gomez; Rios, A A Ocampo; Oliveros, A F Osorio; Sanabria, J C; Godinovic, N; Lelas, D; Lelas, K; Plestina, R; Polic, D; Puljak, I; Antunovic, Z; Dzelalija, M; Brigljevic, V; Duric, S; Kadija, K; Morovic, S; Attikis, A; Galanti, M; Mousa, J; Nicolaou, C; Ptochos, F; Razis, P A; Finger, M; Finger, M; Assran, Y; Khalil, S; Mahmoud, M A; Hektor, A; Kadastik, M; Müntel, M; Raidal, M; Rebane, L; Azzolini, V; Eerola, P; Fedi, G; Czellar, S; Härkönen, J; Heikkinen, A; Karimäki, V; Kinnunen, R; Kortelainen, M J; Lampén, T; Lassila-Perini, K; Lehti, S; Lindén, T; Luukka, P; Mäenpää, T; Tuominen, E; Tuominiemi, J; Tuovinen, E; Ungaro, D; Wendland, L; Banzuzi, K; Korpela, A; Tuuva, T; Sillou, D; Besancon, M; Choudhury, S; Dejardin, M; Denegri, D; Fabbro, B; Faure, J L; Ferri, F; Ganjour, S; Gentit, F X; Givernaud, A; Gras, P; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Jarry, P; Locci, E; Malcles, J; Marionneau, M; Millischer, L; Rander, J; Rosowsky, A; Shreyber, I; Titov, M; Verrecchia, P; Baffioni, S; Beaudette, F; Benhabib, L; Bianchini, L; Bluj, M; Broutin, C; Busson, P; Charlot, C; Dahms, T; Dobrzynski, L; Elgammal, S; de Cassagnac, R Granier; Haguenauer, M; Miné, P; Mironov, C; Ochando, C; Paganini, P; Sabes, D; Salerno, R; Sirois, Y; Thiebaux, C; Wyslouch, B; Zabi, A; Agram, J-L; Andrea, J; Bloch, D; Bodin, D; Brom, J-M; Cardaci, M; Chabert, E C; Collard, C; Conte, E; Drouhin, F; Ferro, C; Fontaine, J-C; Gelé, D; Goerlach, U; Greder, S; Juillot, P; Karim, M; Le Bihan, A-C; Mikami, Y; Van Hove, P; Fassi, F; Mercier, D; Baty, C; Beauceron, S; Beaupere, N; Bedjidian, M; Bondu, O; Boudoul, G; Boumediene, D; Brun, H; Chierici, R; Contardo, D; Depasse, P; El Mamouni, H; Fay, J; Gascon, S; Ille, B; Kurca, T; Le Grand, T; Lethuillier, M; Mirabito, L; Perries, S; Sordini, V; Tosi, S; Tschudi, Y; Verdier, P; Lomidze, D; Anagnostou, G; Edelhoff, M; Feld, L; Heracleous, N; Hindrichs, O; Jussen, R; Klein, K; Merz, J; Mohr, N; Ostapchuk, A; Perieanu, A; Raupach, F; Sammet, J; Schael, S; Sprenger, D; Weber, H; Weber, M; Wittmer, B; Ata, M; Bender, W; Dietz-Laursonn, E; Erdmann, M; Frangenheim, J; Hebbeker, T; Hinzmann, A; Hoepfner, K; Klimkovich, T; Klingebiel, D; Kreuzer, P; Lanske, D; Magass, C; Merschmeyer, M; Meyer, A; Papacz, P; Pieta, H; Reithler, H; Schmitz, S A; Sonnenschein, L; Steggemann, J; Teyssier, D; Tonutti, M; Bontenackels, M; Davids, M; Duda, M; Flügge, G; Geenen, H; Giffels, M; Ahmad, W Haj; Heydhausen, D; Kress, T; Kuessel, Y; Linn, A; Nowack, A; Perchalla, L; Pooth, O; Rennefeld, J; Sauerland, P; Stahl, A; Thomas, M; Tornier, D; Zoeller, M H

2011-06-10

158

Tau identification at D0  

SciTech Connect

We describe methods to identify {tau} leptons produced in high energy p{bar p} collisions ({radical}s = 1.96 GeV) at the Tevatron, using the D0 detector. Different procedures used for discrimination against background particles misidentified as taus are also discussed. Finally, we present some physics results obtained by applying these methods to illustrate their performance.

Galea, Cristina; /Radboud U. Nijmegen

2006-12-01

159

Tau protein pathology in neurodegenerative diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abundant tau-positive neurofibrillary lesions constitute a defining neuropathological characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. Filamentous tau pathology is also central to a number of other dementing disorders, such as Pick's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration and familial frontotemporal dementia and Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). The discovery of mutations in the tau gene in FTDP-17 has firmly established the relevance

Maria Grazia Spillantini; Michel Goedert

1998-01-01

160

Prospect for measuring the CP phase in the $h\\tau\\tau$ coupling at the LHC  

E-print Network

The search for a new source of CP violation is one of the most important endeavors in particle physics. A particularly interesting way to perform this search is to probe the CP phase in the $h\\tau\\tau$ coupling, as the phase is currently completely unconstrained by all existing data. Recently, a novel variable $\\Theta$ was proposed for measuring the CP phase in the $h\\tau\\tau$ coupling through the $\\tau^\\pm \\to \\pi^\\pm \\pi^0 \

Askew, Andrew; Okui, Takemichi; Prosper, Harrison B; Sato, Nobuo

2015-01-01

161

Measurements of the tau mass and the mass difference of the tau+ and tau- at BABAR  

E-print Network

We present the result from a precision measurement of the mass of the tau lepton, M?, based on 423??fb[subscript -1] of data recorded at the ?(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector. Using a pseudomass endpoint method, we ...

Fisher, Peter H.

162

Measurement of the Tau- to F1(1285) Pi- Nu/Tau Branching Fraction And a Search for Second-Class Currents in Tau to Eta-Prime(958) Pi- Nu/Tau  

SciTech Connect

The {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{pi}+{pi}{sup -}{nu}{tau} decay with the {eta} {yields} {gamma}{gamma} mode is studied using 384 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the BaBar detector. The branching fraction is measured to be (1.60 {+-} 0.05 {+-} 0.11) x 10{sup -4}. It is found that {tau}{sup -} {yields} f1(1285){pi}{sup -}{nu}{tau} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{pi}+{pi}{sup -}{nu}{tau} is the dominant decay mode with a branching fraction of (1.11 {+-} 0.06 {+-} 0.05) x 10{sup -4}. The first error is statistical and the second systematic. In addition, a 90% confidence level upper limit on the branching fraction of the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{prime}(958){pi}{sup -}{nu}{tau} decay is measured to be 7.2 x 10{sup -6}. This last decay proceeds through a second-class current and is expected to be forbidden in the limit of isospin symmetry.

Alwyn, K.E.; /Manchester U.

2011-12-01

163

Isolated tau leptons in events with large missing transverse momentum at HERA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for events containing isolated tau leptons and large missing transverse momentum, not originating from the tau decay, has been performed with the ZEUS detector at the electron–proton collider HERA, using 130 pb?1 of integrated luminosity. A search was made for isolated tracks coming from hadronic tau decays. Observables based on the internal jet structure were exploited to discriminate between tau

S. Bhadra; C. D. Catterall; S. Fourletov; G. Hartner; S. Magill; M. Soares; J. Standage; J. Repond; R. Yoshida; M. C. K. Mattingly; P. Antonioli; G. Bari; M. Basile; L. Bellagamba; D. Boscherini; A. Bruni; G. Bruni; G. Cara Romeo; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; A. Contin; M. Corradi; S. de Pasquale; P. Giusti; G. Iacobucci; A. Margotti; A. Montanari; R. Nania; F. Palmonari; A. Pesci; G. Sartorelli; A. Zichichi; G. Aghuzumtsyan; D. Bartsch; I. Brock; S. Goers; H. Hartmann; E. Hilger; P. Irrgang; H.-P. Jakob; O. Kind; U. Meyer; E. Paul; J. Rautenberg; R. Renner; A. Stifutkin; J. Tandler; K. C. Voss; M. Wang; A. Weber; D. S. Bailey; N. H. Brook; J. E. Cole; G. P. Heath; T. Namsoo; S. Robins; M. Wing; M. Capua; A. Mastroberardino; M. Schioppa; G. Susinno; J. Y. Kim; Y. K. Kim; J. H. Lee; I. T. Lim; M. Y. Pac; A. Caldwell; M. Helbich; X. Liu; B. Mellado; Y. Ning; S. Paganis; Z. Ren; W. B. Schmidke; F. Sciulli; J. Chwastowski; A. Eskreys; J. Figiel; A. Galas; K. Olkiewicz; P. Stopa; L. Zawiejski; L. Adamczyk; T. Bold; I. Grabowska-Bold; D. Kisielewska; A. M. Kowal; M. Kowal; T. Kowalski; M. Przybycien; L. Suszycki; D. Szuba; J. Szuba; A. Kotanski; W. Slominski; V. Adler; U. Behrens; I. Bloch; K. Borras; V. Chiochia; D. Dannheim; G. Drews; J. Fourletova; U. Fricke; A. Geiser; P. Göttlicher; O. Gutsche; T. Haas; W. Hain; S. Hillert; B. Kahle; U. Kötz; H. Kowalski; G. Kramberger; H. Labes; D. Lelas; H. Lim; B. Löhr; R. Mankel; I.-A. Melzer-Pellmann; C. N. Nguyen; D. Notz; A. E. Nuncio-Quiroz; A. Polini; A. Raval; L. Rurua; U. Schneekloth; U. Stoesslein; G. Wolf; C. Youngman; W. Zeuner; S. Schlenstedt; G. Barbagli; E. Gallo; C. Genta; P. G. Pelfer; A. Bamberger; A. Benen; N. Coppola; M. Bell; P. J. Bussey; A. T. Doyle; J. Ferrando; S. Hanlon; D. H. Saxon; I. O. Skillicorn; I. Gialas; B. Bodmann; T. Carli; U. Holm; K. Klimek; N. Krumnack; E. Lohrmann; M. Milite; H. Salehi; P. Schleper; S. Stonjek; K. Wick; A. Ziegler; C. Collins-Tooth; C. Foudas; R. Goncalo; K. R. Long; A. D. Tapper; P. Cloth; D. Filges; M. Kataoka; K. Nagano; K. Tokushuku; S. Yamada; Y. Yamazaki; A. N. Barakbaev; E. G. Boos; N. S. Pokrovskiy; B. O. Zhautykov; D. Son; K. Piotrzkowski; F. Barreiro; C. Glasman; O. González; L. Labarga; J. del Peso; E. Tassi; J. Terrón; M. Vázquez; M. Zambrana; M. Barbi; F. Corriveau; S. Gliga; J. Lainesse; S. Padhi; D. G. Stairs; R. Walsh; T. Tsurugai; A. Antonov; P. Danilov; B. A. Dolgoshein; D. Gladkov; V. Sosnovtsev; S. Suchkov; R. K. Dementiev; P. F. Ermolov; Yu. A. Golubkov; I. I. Katkov; L. A. Khein; I. A. Korzhavina; V. A. Kuzmin; B. B. Levchenko; O. Yu. Lukina; A. S. Proskuryakov; L. M. Shcheglova; N. N. Vlasov; S. A. Zotkin; S. Grijpink; E. Koffeman; P. Kooijman; E. Maddox; A. Pellegrino; S. Schagen; H. Tiecke; J. J. Velthuis; L. Wiggers; E. de Wolf; N. Brümmer; B. Bylsma; L. S. Durkin; T. Y. Ling; A. M. Cooper-Sarkar; A. Cottrell; R. C. E. Devenish; B. Foster; G. Grzelak; C. Gwenlan; S. Patel; P. B. Straub; R. Walczak; A. Bertolin; R. Brugnera; R. Carlin; F. dal Corso; S. Dusini; A. Garfagnini; S. Limentani; A. Longhin; A. Parenti; M. Posocco; L. Stanco; M. Turcato; E. A. Heaphy; F. Metlica; B. Y. Oh; J. J. Whitmore; Y. Iga; G. D'Agostini; G. Marini; A. Nigro; C. Cormack; J. C. Hart; N. A. McCubbin; C. Heusch; I. H. Park; N. Pavel; H. Abramowicz; A. Gabareen; S. Kananov; A. Kreisel; A. Levy; M. Kuze; T. Fusayasu; S. Kagawa; T. Kohno; T. Tawara; T. Yamashita; R. Hamatsu; T. Hirose; M. Inuzuka; H. Kaji; S. Kitamura; K. Matsuzawa; M. I. Ferrero; V. Monaco; R. Sacchi; A. Solano; M. Arneodo; M. Ruspa; T. Koop; G. M. Levman; J. F. Martin; A. Mirea; J. M. Butterworth; R. Hall-Wilton; T. W. Jones; M. S. Lightwood; M. R. Sutton; C. Targett-Adams; J. Ciborowski; R. Ciesielski; P. Luzniak; R. J. Nowak; J. M. Pawlak; J. Sztuk; T. Tymieniecka; A. Ukleja; J. Ukleja; A. F. Zarnecki; M. Adamus; P. Plucinski; Y. Eisenberg; L. K. Gladilin; D. Hochman; U. Karshon; M. Riveline; D. Kcira; S. Lammers; L. Li; D. D. Reeder; M. Rosin; A. A. Savin; W. H. Smith; A. Deshpande; S. Dhawan; S. Menary

2004-01-01

164

Study of the $\\tau^- to 3h^- 2h^+ \  

SciTech Connect

The branching fraction of the {tau}{sup -} {yields} 3h{sup -} 2h{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} decay (h = {pi}, K) is measured with the BABAR detector to be (8.56 {+-} 0.05 {+-} 0.42) x 10{sup -4}, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The observed structure of this decay is significantly different from the phase space prediction, with the {rho} resonance playing a strong role. The decay {tau}{sup -} {yields} f{sub 1}(1285){pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}, with the f{sub 1}(1285) meson decaying to four charged pions, is observed and the branching fraction is measured to be (3.9 {+-} 0.7 {+-} 0.5) x 10{sup -4}.

Aubert, Bernard; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U.; /more authors.; ,

2005-05-04

165

Measurement of the Z to tau tau cross section with the ATLAS detector  

SciTech Connect

The Z {yields} {tau}{tau} cross section is measured with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC in four different final states determined by the decay modes of the {tau} leptons: muon-hadron, electron-hadron, electron-muon, and muon-muon. The analysis is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 pb{sup -1}, at a proton-proton center-of-mass energy of {radical}s = 7 TeV. Cross sections are measured separately for each final state in fiducial regions of high detector acceptance, as well as in the full phase space, over the mass region 66-116 GeV. The individual cross sections are combined and the product of the total Z production cross section and Z {yields} {tau}{tau} branching fraction is measured to be 0.97 {+-} 0.07(stat) {+-} 0.06(syst) {+-} 0.03(lumi) nb, in agreement with next-to-next-to-leading order calculations.

Aad, G.; Abbott, B; Abdallah, J; Abdelalim, AA; Abdesselam, A; Abdinov, O; Abi, B; Abolins, M; Abramowicz, H; Abreu, H; Acerbi, E; Acharya, BS; Adams, DL; Addy, TN; Adelman, J; Aderholz, M; Adomeit, S; Adragna, P; Adye, T; Aefsky, S; Aguilar-Saavedra, JA

2011-12-14

166

UV variability in BP Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the variations of the UV spectrum of BP Tau from 5 to 19 January, 1992 when the star was monitored with IUE during 2 rotation periods. Our data indicate that lines that can be excited by recombination processes, such as those from O I and He II have periodic-like light curves, whereas lines that are only collisionally excited do not follow a periodic-like trend. These results agree with the expectations of the magnetically channelled accretion models.

Gomez de Castro, Ana I.; Franqueira, Mercedes; Petitjean, Patrick

167

Tau-targeting passive immunization modulates aspects of pathology in tau transgenic mice.  

PubMed

Immunization is increasingly recognized as a suitable therapeutic avenue for the treatment of neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies. Tau is a key molecular player in these conditions and therefore represents an attractive target for passive immunization approaches. We performed such an approach in two independent tau transgenic mouse models of tauopathy, K369I tau transgenic K3 and P301L tau transgenic pR5 mice. The antibodies we used were either specific for full-length tau or tau phosphorylated at serine 404 (pS404), a residue that forms part of the paired helical filament (PHF)-1 phosphoepitope that characterizes tau neurofibrillary tangles in tauopathies. Although both pS404 antibodies had a similar affinity, they differed in isotype, and only passive immunization with the IgG2a/? pS404-specific antibody resulted in a lower tangle burden and reduced phosphorylation of tau at the PHF1 epitope in K3 mice. In pR5 mice, the same antibody led to a reduced phosphorylation of the pS422 and PHF1 epitopes of tau. In addition, histological sections of the hippocampal dentate gyrus of the immunized pR5 mice displayed reduced pS422 staining intensities. These results show that passive immunization targeting tau can modulate aspects of tau pathology in tau transgenic mouse models, in an antibody isotype-specific manner. We show that passive immunization targeting the pathological phosphorylation site pS404 on human tau with a monoclonal IgG2a/?, but not a IgG1/? antibody, reduced hyperphosphorylation of tau and tangle burden in two independent mouse models of tau pathology. This shows that both specificity and isotype of phospho-tau (p-tau)-specific antibodies are important for therapeutically ameliorating tau pathology. PMID:25041093

Ittner, Arne; Bertz, Josefine; Suh, Lisa S; Stevens, Claire H; Götz, Jürgen; Ittner, Lars M

2015-01-01

168

Tau Protein Diffuses along the Microtubule Lattice*  

PubMed Central

Current models for the intracellular transport of Tau protein suggest motor protein-dependent co-transport with microtubule fragments and diffusion of Tau in the cytoplasm, whereas Tau is believed to be stationary while bound to microtubules and in equilibrium with free diffusion in the cytosol. Observations that members of the microtubule-dependent kinesin family show Brownian motion along microtubules led us to hypothesize that diffusion along microtubules could also be relevant in the case of Tau. We used single-molecule total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to probe for diffusion of individual fluorescently labeled Tau molecules along microtubules. This allowed us to avoid the problem that microtubule-dependent diffusion could be masked by excess of labeled Tau in solution that might occur in in vivo overexpression experiments. We found that approximately half of the individually detected Tau molecules moved bidirectionally along microtubules over distances up to several micrometers. Diffusion parameters such as diffusion coefficient, interaction time, and scanned microtubule length did not change with Tau concentration. Tau binding and diffusion along the microtubule lattice, however, were sensitive to ionic strength and pH and drastically reduced upon enzymatic removal of the negatively charged C termini of tubulin. We propose one-dimensional Tau diffusion guided by the microtubule lattice as one possible additional mechanism for Tau distribution. By such one-dimensional microtubule lattice diffusion, Tau could be guided to both microtubule ends, i.e. the sites where Tau is needed during microtubule polymerization, independently of directed motor-dependent transport. This could be important in conditions where active transport along microtubules might be compromised. PMID:23019339

Hinrichs, Maike H.; Jalal, Avesta; Brenner, Bernhard; Mandelkow, Eckhard; Kumar, Satish; Scholz, Tim

2012-01-01

169

Electromagnetic and Weak Moments of the Tau-Lepton  

E-print Network

The electromagnetic and weak dipole moments of the Tau-lepton have been measured by experiments at e+e- colliders. Data samples of e+e- --> tau+tau-, e+e- --> tau+tau- gamma and e+e- --> e+e-tau+tau- events collected at centre-of-mass energies between 10 and 200 GeV are used. No deviation from the Standard Model is found. Limits on the moments are summarised from the most recent results.

W. Lohmann

2005-01-25

170

Reduced CSF p-Tau181 to Tau ratio is a biomarker for FTLD-TDP  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To validate the ability of candidate CSF biomarkers to distinguish between the 2 main forms of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), FTLD with TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) inclusions (FTLD-TDP) and FTLD with Tau inclusions (FTLD-Tau). Methods: Antemortem CSF samples were collected from 30 patients with FTLD in a single-center validation cohort, and CSF levels of 5 putative FTLD-TDP biomarkers as well as levels of total Tau (t-Tau) and Tau phosphorylated at threonine 181 (p-Tau181) were measured using independent assays. Biomarkers most associated with FTLD-TDP were then tested in a separate 2-center validation cohort composed of subjects with FTLD-TDP, FTLD-Tau, Alzheimer disease (AD), and cognitively normal subjects. The sensitivity and specificity of FTLD-TDP biomarkers were determined. Results: In the first validation cohort, FTLD-TDP cases had decreased levels of p-Tau181 and interleukin-23, and increased Fas. Reduced ratio of p-Tau181 to t-Tau (p/t-Tau) was the strongest predictor of FTLD-TDP pathology. Analysis in the second validation cohort showed CSF p/t-Tau ratio <0.37 to distinguish FTLD-TDP from FTLD-Tau, AD, and healthy seniors with 82% sensitivity and 82% specificity. Conclusion: A reduced CSF p/t-Tau ratio represents a reproducible, validated biomarker for FTLD-TDP with performance approaching well-established CSF AD biomarkers. Introducing this biomarker into research and the clinical arena can significantly increase the power of clinical trials targeting abnormal accumulations of TDP-43 or Tau, and select the appropriate patients for target-specific therapies. Classification of evidence: This study provides Class II evidence that the CSF p/t-Tau ratio distinguishes FTLD-TDP from FTLD-Tau. PMID:24174584

Watts, Kelly; Grossman, Murray; Glass, Jonathan; Lah, James J.; Hales, Chadwick; Shelnutt, Matthew; Van Deerlin, Vivianna; Trojanowski, John Q.; Levey, Allan I.

2013-01-01

171

Search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in association with b quarks in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV  

DOE PAGESBeta

We report results from a search for neutral Higgs bosons produced in association with b quarks using data recorded by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 fb-1. This production mode can be enhanced in several extensions of the standard model (SM) such as in its minimal supersymmetric extension (MSSM) at high tanß. We search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs with one tau decaying to a muon and neutrinos and the other to hadrons. The data are found to be consistent with SM expectations, and we set upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio in the Higgs boson mass range from 90 to 320 GeV/c2. We interpret our result in the MSSM parameter space, excluding tanß values down to 25 for Higgs boson masses below 170 GeV/c2.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich [Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim [Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath [Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond [Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd [Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D [Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D [St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K [Michigan U.; Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O [Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto [Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Aoki, Masato [Fermilab; Louisiana Tech. U.

2011-09-12

172

Search for Higgs bosons predicted in two-Higgs-doublet models via decays to tau lepton pairs in 1.96 TeV pp collisions.  

PubMed

We present the results of a search for Higgs bosons predicted in two-Higgs-doublet models, in the case where the Higgs bosons decay to tau lepton pairs, using 1.8 fb(-1) of integrated luminosity of pp collisions recorded by the CDF II experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. Studying the mass distribution in events where one or both tau leptons decay leptonically, no evidence for a Higgs boson signal is observed. The result is used to infer exclusion limits in the two-dimensional space of tanbeta versus m(A) (the ratio of the vacuum expectation values of the two Higgs doublets and the mass of the pseudoscalar boson, respectively). PMID:20365975

Aaltonen, T; Adelman, J; Akimoto, T; Alvarez González, B; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Apresyan, A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Barria, P; Bartos, P; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Beauchemin, P-H; Bedeschi, F; Beecher, D; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bizjak, I; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bridgeman, A; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burke, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Buzatu, A; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Calancha, C; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carls, B; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carrillo, S; Carron, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavaliere, V; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Choudalakis, G; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Chwalek, T; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Cox, C A; Cox, D J; Crescioli, F; Cuenca Almenar, C; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cully, J C; Dagenhart, D; Datta, M; Davies, T; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lorenzo, G; Dell'Orso, M; Deluca, C; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; Derwent, P F; Di Canto, A; di Giovanni, G P; Dionisi, C; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Donati, S; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Efron, J; Elagin, A; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Ferrazza, C; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Frank, M J; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garberson, F; Garcia, J E; Garfinkel, A F; Garosi, P; Genser, K; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Gessler, A; Giagu, S; Giakoumopoulou, V; Giannetti, P; Gibson, K; Gimmell, J L; Ginsburg, C M; Giokaris, N; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Group, R C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, K; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Han, B-Y; Han, J Y; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, D; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hartz, M; Hatakeyama, K; Hays, C; Heck, M; Heijboer, A; Heinrich, J; Henderson, C; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hewamanage, S; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Husemann, U; Hussein, M; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeon, E J; Jha, M K; Jindariani, S; Johnson, W; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Jung, J E; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kar, D; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kephart, R; Ketchum, W; Keung, J; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, H W; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krop, D; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kubo, T; Kuhr, T; Kulkarni, N P; Kurata, M; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, E; Lee, H S; Lee, S W; Leone, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C-S; Linacre, J; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, C; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Lovas, L; Lucchesi, D; Luci, C; Lueck, J; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; MacQueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Maki, T; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marino, C; Marino, C P; Martin, A; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Martínez-Ballarín, R; Maruyama, T; Mastrandrea, P; Masubuchi, T; Mathis, M; Mattson, M E; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miller, R; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyake, H; Moggi, N; Mondragon, M N; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M J; Morlock, J; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagai, Y; Nagano, A; Naganoma, J; Nakamura, K; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Necula, V; Nett, J; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Neubauer, S; Nielsen, J; Nodulman, L; Norman, M; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Oakes, L; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Oksuzian, I; Okusawa, T; Orava, R; Osterberg, K; Pagan Griso, S; Pagliarone, C

2009-11-13

173

Improved determination of the hadronic contribution to the muon ( ${g-2}$ ) and to ${\\\\alpha(M_{\\\\mathrm Z}^2)}$ Using new data from hadronic $\\\\tau$ decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have reevaluated the hadronic contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon $(g-2)$ and to the running of the QED fine structure constant $\\\\alpha (s)$ at $s=M_{\\\\mathrm Z}^2$. We incorporated new data from hadronic $\\\\tau$ decays, recently published by the ALEPH Collaboration. In addition, compared to previous analyses, we use more extensive $e^+e^-$ annihilation data sets. The integration

Ricard Alemany; Michel Davier; Andreas Höcker

1998-01-01

174

Improved determination of the hadronic contribution to the muon ( g-2) and to alpha (MZ2) Using new data from hadronic tau decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have reevaluated the hadronic contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (g-2) and to the running of the QED fine structure constant alpha (s) at s=M_Z^2. We incorporated new data from hadronic tau decays, recently published by the ALEPH Collaboration. In addition, compared to previous analyses, we use more extensive e^+e^- annihilation data sets. The integration over

Ricard Alemany; Michel Davier; Andreas Höcker

1998-01-01

175

The lepton flavor violating decay {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} Micro-Sign {sup {+-}} Micro-Sign {sup {+-}} Micro-Sign {sup Minus-Or-Plus-Sign} at LHCb  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of improving the limit on the branching fraction of the lepton flavor violating decay {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} Micro-Sign {sup {+-}} Micro-Sign {sup {+-}} Micro-Sign {sup Minus-Or-Plus-Sign} at LHCb is discussed. It is shown that a simple, cut-based analysis is sufficient to improve the upper limit on this branching fraction within the lifetime of LHCb.

Keune, A., E-mail: anne.keune@epfl.ch [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Laboratoire de Physique des Hautes Energies (Switzerland)

2012-09-15

176

Measurement of the Strong Coupling Constant $\\\\alpha_s$ and the Vector and Axial-Vector Spectral Functions in Hadronic Tau Decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spectral functions of the vector current and the axial-vector current have been measured in hadronic tau decays using the OPAL detector at LEP. Within the framework of the Operator Product Expansion a simultaneous determination of the strong coupling constant alpha_s, the non-perturbative operators of dimension 6 and 8 and of the gluon condensate has been performed. Different perturbative descriptions

K Ackerstaff; Gideon Alexander; J Allison; N Altekamp; K J Anderson; S Anderson; S Arcelli; S Asai; S F Ashby; D A Axen; Georges Azuelos; A H Ball; E Barberio; R J Barlow; R Bartoldus; J Richard Batley; S Baumann; J Bechtluft; T Behnke; K W Bell; G Bella; Stanislaus Cornelius Maria Bentvelsen; Siegfried Bethke; S Betts; O Biebel; A Biguzzi; S D Bird; Volker Blobel; Ian J Bloodworth; M Bobinski; P Bock; J Böhme; M Boutemeur; S Braibant; P G Bright-Thomas; R M Brown; Helfried J Burckhart; C Burgard; R Bürgin; P Capiluppi; R K Carnegie; A A Carter; J R Carter; C Y Chang; D G Charlton; D Chrisman; C Ciocca; P E L Clarke; E Clay; I Cohen; J E Conboy; O C Cooke; C Couyoumtzelis; R L Coxe; M Cuffiani; S Dado; G M Dallavalle; R Davis; S De Jong; L A del Pozo; A de Roeck; Klaus Desch; B Dienes; M S Dixit; M Doucet; J Dubbert; E Duchovni; G Duckeck; I P Duerdoth; D Eatough; P G Estabrooks; E Etzion; H G Evans; Franco Luigi Fabbri; A Fanfani; M Fanti; A A Faust; F Fiedler; M Fierro; H M Fischer; I Fleck; R Folman; A Fürtjes; D I Futyan; P Gagnon; J W Gary; J Gascon; S M Gascon-Shotkin; C Geich-Gimbel; T Geralis; G Giacomelli; P Giacomelli; V Gibson; W R Gibson; D M Gingrich; D A Glenzinski; J Goldberg; W Gorn; C Grandi; E Gross; Jacob Grunhaus; M Gruwé; G G Hanson; M Hansroul; M Hapke; C K Hargrove; C Hartmann; M Hauschild; C M Hawkes; R Hawkings; Richard J Hemingway; M Herndon; G Herten; R D Heuer; M D Hildreth; J C Hill; S J Hillier; P R Hobson; Andreas Höcker; R James Homer; A K Honma; D Horváth; K R Hossain; R Howard; P Hüntemeyer; P Igo-Kemenes; D C Imrie; K Ishii; F R Jacob; A Jawahery; H Jeremie; Martin Paul Jimack; A Joly; C R Jones; P Jovanovic; T R Junk; D A Karlen; V G Kartvelishvili; K Kawagoe; T Kawamoto; P I Kayal; Richard K Keeler; R G Kellogg; B W Kennedy; A Klier; S Kluth; T Kobayashi; M Kobel; D S Koetke; T P Kokott; M Kolrep; S Komamiya; R V Kowalewski; T Kress; P Krieger; J Von Krogh; P Kyberd; G D Lafferty; D Lanske; J Lauber; S R Lautenschlager; I Lawson; J G Layter; D Lazic; A M Lee; E Lefebvre; Daniel Lellouch; J Letts; L Levinson; R Liebisch; B List; C Littlewood; A W Lloyd; S L Lloyd; F K Loebinger; G D Long; Michael J Losty; J Ludwig; D Liu; A Macchiolo; A L MacPherson; M Mannelli; S Marcellini; C Markopoulos; A J Martin; J P Martin; G Martínez; T Mashimo; P Mättig; W J McDonald; J A McKenna; E A McKigney; T J McMahon; R A McPherson; F Meijers; S Menke; F S Merritt; H Mes; J Meyer; Aldo Michelini; S Mihara; G Mikenberg; D J Miller; R Mir; W Mohr; A Montanari; T Mori; K Nagai; I Nakamura; H A Neal; B Nellen; R Nisius; S W O'Neale; F G Oakham; F Odorici; H O Ögren; M J Oreglia; S Orito; J Pálinkás; G Pásztor; J R Pater; G N Patrick; J Patt; R Pérez-Ochoa; S Petzold; P Pfeifenschneider; J E Pilcher; James L Pinfold; D E Plane; P R Poffenberger; B Poli; J Polok; M B Przybycien; C Rembser; Hartmut Rick; S Robertson; S A Robins; N L Rodning; J M Roney; K Roscoe; A M Rossi; Y Rozen; K Runge; O Runólfsson; D R Rust; K Sachs; T Saeki; O Sahr; W M Sang; E Sarkisyan-Grinbaum; C Sbarra; A D Schaile; O Schaile; F Scharf; P Scharff-Hansen; J Schieck; B Schmitt; S Schmitt; A Schöning; T Schörner-Sadenius; M Schröder; M Schumacher; C Schwick; W G Scott; R Seuster; T G Shears; B C Shen; C H Shepherd-Themistocleous; P Sherwood; G P Siroli; A Sittler; A Skuja; A M Smith; G A Snow; Randall J Sobie; S Söldner-Rembold; M Sproston; A Stahl; K Stephens; J Steuerer; K Stoll; D Strom; R Ströhmer; R Tafirout; S D Talbot; S Tanaka; P Taras; S Tarem; R Teuscher; M Thiergen; M A Thomson; E Von Törne; E Torrence; S Towers; I Trigger; Z L Trócsányi; E Tsur; A S Turcot; M F Turner-Watson; R Van Kooten; P Vannerem; M Verzocchi; P Vikas; H Voss; F Wäckerle; A Wagner; C P Ward; D R Ward; P M Watkins; A T Watson; N K Watson; P S Wells; N Wermes; J S White; G W Wilson; J A Wilson; T R Wyatt; S Yamashita; G Yekutieli; V Zacek; D Zer-Zion

1998-01-01

177

Search for Neutral Higgs Bosons of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model Decaying to tau Pairs in pp¯ Collisions at &surd;(s)=1.96 TeV  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for neutral supersymmetric Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in p pmacr collisions at s=1.96TeV. The data, corresponding to 310pb-1 integrated luminosity, were collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab in run II of the Tevatron. No significant excess above the standard model backgrounds is observed. We set exclusion limits on the production cross section

A. Abulencia; D. Acosta; J. Adelman; T. Affolder; T. Akimoto; M. G. Albrow; D. Ambrose; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; K. Anikeev; A. Annovi; J. Antos; M. Aoki; G. Apollinari; J.-F. Arguin; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; W. Ashmanskas; A. Attal; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; P. Azzurri; N. Bacchetta; H. Bachacou; W. Badgett; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; S. Baroiant; V. Bartsch; G. Bauer; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; S. Belforte; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; A. Belloni; E. Ben-Haim; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; J. Beringer; T. Berry; A. Bhatti; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; M. Bishai; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; K. Bloom; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; V. Boisvert; G. Bolla; A. Bolshov; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; S. Bourov; A. Boveia; B. Brau; C. Bromberg; E. Brubaker; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; K. L. Byrum; S. Cabrera; M. Campanelli; M. Campbell; F. Canelli; A. Canepa; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carron; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; S. H. Chang; J. Chapman; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; F. Chlebana; I. Cho; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; J. P. Chou; P. H. Chu; S. H. Chuang; K. Chung; W. H. Chung; Y. S. Chung; M. Ciljak; C. I. Ciobanu; M. A. Ciocci; A. Clark; D. Clark; M. Coca; A. Connolly; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; B. Cooper; K. Copic; M. Cordelli; G. Cortiana; A. Cruz; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; D. Cyr; S. Daronco; S. D'Auria; M. D'Onofrio; D. Dagenhart; P. de Barbaro; S. de Cecco; A. Deisher; G. de Lentdecker; M. Dell'Orso; S. Demers; L. Demortier; J. Deng; M. Deninno; D. de Pedis; P. F. Derwent; C. Dionisi; J. Dittmann; P. Dituro; C. Dörr; A. Dominguez; S. Donati; M. Donega; P. Dong; J. Donini; T. Dorigo; S. Dube; K. Ebina; J. Efron; J. Ehlers; R. Erbacher; D. Errede; S. Errede; R. Eusebi; H. C. Fang; S. Farrington; I. Fedorko; W. T. Fedorko; R. G. Feild; M. Feindt; J. P. Fernandez; R. Field; G. Flanagan; L. R. Flores-Castillo; A. Foland; S. Forrester; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; Y. Fujii; I. Furic; A. Gajjar; M. Gallinaro; J. Galyardt; J. E. Garcia; M. Garcia Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; C. Gay; H. Gerberich; E. Gerchtein; D. Gerdes; S. Giagu; P. Giannetti; A. Gibson; K. Gibson; C. Ginsburg; K. Giolo; M. Giordani; M. Giunta; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; N. Goldschmidt; J. Goldstein; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. González; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; Y. Gotra; K. Goulianos; A. Gresele; M. Griffiths; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; U. Grundler; J. Guimaraes da Costa; C. Haber; S. R. Hahn; K. Hahn; E. Halkiadakis; B.-Y. Han; R. Handler; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; S. Harper; R. F. Harr; R. M. Harris; K. Hatakeyama; J. Hauser; C. Hays; H. Hayward; A. Heijboer; B. Heinemann; J. Heinrich; M. Hennecke; M. Herndon; J. Heuser; D. Hidas; C. S. Hill; D. Hirschbuehl; A. Hocker; A. Holloway; S. Hou; M. Houlden; S.-C. Hsu; B. T. Huffman; R. E. Hughes; J. Huston; K. Ikado; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; Y. Ishizawa; A. Ivanov; B. Iyutin; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; D. Jeans; H. Jensen; E. J. Jeon; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. R. Junk; T. Kamon; J. Kang; M. Karagoz-Unel; P. E. Karchin; Y. Kato; Y. Kemp; R. Kephart; U. Kerzel; V. Khotilovich; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; M. Kirby; L. Kirsch; S. Klimenko; M. Klute; B. Knuteson; B. R. Ko; H. Kobayashi; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; K. Kordas; A. Korytov; A. V. Kotwal; A. Kovalev; J. Kraus; I. Kravchenko; M. Kreps; A. Kreymer; J. Kroll; N. Krumnack; M. Kruse; V. Krutelyov; S. E. Kuhlmann; Y. Kusakabe; S. Kwang; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lai; S. Lami; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; R. L. Lander; K. Lannon; A. Lath; G. Latino; I. Lazzizzera; C. Lecci; T. Lecompte; J. Lee; S. W. Lee; R. Lefèvre; N. Leonardo; S. Leone; S. Levy; J. D. Lewis; K. Li; C. Lin; M. Lindgren; E. Lipeles; T. M. Liss; A. Lister; D. O. Litvintsev; T. Liu; Y. Liu; N. S. Lockyer; A. Loginov; M. Loreti; P. Loverre; R.-S. Lu; D. Lucchesi; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; L. Lyons; J. Lys; R. Lysak; E. Lytken; P. Mack; D. MacQueen; R. Madrak; K. Maeshima; P. Maksimovic; G. Manca; F. Margaroli; R. Marginean; C. Marino; A. Martin; M. Martin; V. Martin; M. Martínez; T. Maruyama; H. Matsunaga; M. E. Mattson; R. Mazini; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; D. McGivern; P. McIntyre; P. McNamara; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; S. Menzemer; A. Menzione; P. Merkel; C. Mesropian; A. Messina; M. von der Mey; T. Miao; N. Miladinovic; J. Miles; R. Miller; J. S. Miller; C. Mills; M. Milnik; R. Miquel; S. Miscetti; G. Mitselmakher; A. Miyamoto; N. Moggi; B. Mohr; R. Moore; M. Morello; P. Movilla Fernandez; J. Mülmenstädt; A. Mukherjee; M. Mulhearn; Th. Muller; R. Mumford; P. Murat; J. Nachtman; S. Nahn; I. Nakano; A. Napier; D. Naumov; V. Necula; C. Neu; M. S. Neubauer; J. Nielsen; T. Nigmanov

2006-01-01

178

Tau as a biomarker of neurodegenerative diseases  

PubMed Central

Summary The microtubule associated protein Tau is mainly expressed in neurons of the central nervous system and is crucial in axonal maintenance and axonal transport. The rationale for Tau as a biomarker of neurodegenerative diseases is that it is a major component of abnormal intraneuronal aggregates observed in numerous of these diseases named Tauopathies, including Alzheimer’s disease. The molecular diversity of Tau is very useful when analysing it in the brain or in the peripheral fluids. Immunohistochemical and biochemical characterisation of Tau aggregates in the brain allows the post-mortem classification and differential diagnosis of Tauopathies. As peripheral biomarker of Alzheimer’s disease in the cerebrospinal fluid, Tau proteins are now validated for diagnosis and predictive purposes. For the future, the detailed characterization of Tau in brain and in peripheral fluids will lead to novel promising biomarkers for differential diagnosis of dementia and monitoring of therapeutics. PMID:20477391

Schraen-Maschke, Susanna; Sergeant, Nicolas; Dhaenens, Claire-Marie; Bombois, Stephanie; Deramecourt, Vincent; Caillet-Boudin, Marie-Laure; Pasquier, Florence; Maurage, Claude-Alain; Sablonniere, Bernard; Vanmechelen, Eugeen; Buee, Luc

2008-01-01

179

Measurement of the branching fraction for $\\tau\\to\\eta K\  

SciTech Connect

The authors report on analyses of tau lepton decays {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}, with {eta} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}, using 470 fb{sup -1} of data from the BABAR experiment at PEP-II, collected at center-of-mass energies at and near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. They measure the branching fraction for the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} decay mode, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.42 {+-} 0.11(stat) {+-} 0.07(syst)) x 10{sup -4}, and report a 95% confidence level upper limit for the second-class current process {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) < 9.9 x 10{sup -5}.

del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-08-12

180

Tau Neutrinos at EeV Energies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astrophysical sources of ultrahigh energy neutrinos yield tau neutrino fluxes due to neutrino oscillations. At neutrino energies in the EeV range, radio Cherenkov detection methods show promise for detecting these fluxes. We quantify the tau neutrino contributions to the signal in, for example, a detector like the Radio Ice Cherenkov experiment (RICE) for a Z -burst flux prediction. Tau neutrino regeneration in transit through the Earth, including energy loss, is evaluated.

Hall Reno, M.; Dutta, S. Iyer; Mocioiu, I.; Reno, M.H.; Sarcevic, I.

2003-07-01

181

Searching for tau neutrinos with Cherenkov telescopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cherenkov telescopes have the capability of detecting high energy tau neutrinos in the energy range of 1-1000 PeV by searching for very inclined showers. If a tau lepton, produced by a tau neutrino, escapes from the Earth or a mountain, it will decay and initiate a shower in the air which can be detected by an air shower fluorescence or Cherenkov telescope. In this paper, we present detailed Monte Carlo simulations of corresponding event rates for the VERITAS and two proposed Cherenkov Telescope Array sites: Meteor Crater and Yavapai Ranch, which use representative AGN neutrino flux models and take into account topographic conditions of the detector sites. The calculated neutrino sensitivities depend on the observation time and the shape of the energy spectrum, but in some cases are comparable or even better than corresponding neutrino sensitivities of the IceCube detector. For VERITAS and the considered Cherenkov Telescope Array sites the expected neutrino sensitivities are up to factor 3 higher than for the MAGIC site because of the presence of surrounding mountains.

Góra, D.; Bernardini, E.; Kappes, A.

2015-02-01

182

Searching for tau neutrinos with Cherenkov telescopes  

E-print Network

Cherenkov telescopes have the capability of detecting high energy tau neutrinos in the energy range of 1--1000 PeV by searching for very inclined showers. If a tau lepton, produced by a tau neutrino, escapes from the Earth or a mountain, it will decay and initiate a shower in the air which can be detected by an air shower fluorescence or Cherenkov telescope. In this paper, we present detailed Monte Carlo simulations of corresponding event rates for the VERITAS and two proposed Cherenkov Telescope Array sites: Meteor Crater and Yavapai Ranch, which use representative AGN neutrino flux models and take into account topographic conditions of the detector sites. The calculated neutrino sensitivities depend on the observation time and the shape of the energy spectrum, but in some cases are comparable or even better than corresponding neutrino sensitivities of the IceCube detector. For VERITAS and the considered Cherenkov Telescope Array sites the expected neutrino sensitivities are up to factor 3 higher than for th...

Gora, D; Kappes, A

2014-01-01

183

Differential induction and spread of tau pathology in young PS19 tau transgenic mice following intracerebral injections of pathological tau from Alzheimer's disease or corticobasal degeneration brains.  

PubMed

Filamentous tau pathologies are hallmark lesions of several neurodegenerative tauopathies including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD) which show cell type-specific and topographically distinct tau inclusions. Growing evidence supports templated transmission of tauopathies through functionally interconnected neuroanatomical pathways suggesting that different self-propagating strains of pathological tau could account for the diverse manifestations of neurodegenerative tauopathies. Here, we describe the rapid and distinct cell type-specific spread of pathological tau following intracerebral injections of CBD or AD brain extracts enriched in pathological tau (designated CBD-Tau and AD-Tau, respectively) in young human mutant P301S tau transgenic (Tg) mice (line PS19) ~6-9 months before they show onset of mutant tau transgene-induced tau pathology. At 1 month post-injection of CBD-Tau, tau inclusions developed predominantly in oligodendrocytes of the fimbria and white matter near the injection sites with infrequent intraneuronal tau aggregates. In contrast, injections of AD-Tau in young PS19 mice induced tau pathology predominantly in neuronal perikarya with little or no oligodendrocyte involvement 1 month post-injection. With longer post-injection survival intervals of up to 6 months, CBD-Tau- and AD-Tau-induced tau pathology spread to different brain regions distant from the injection sites while maintaining the cell type-specific pattern noted above. Finally, CA3 neuron loss was detected 3 months post-injection of AD-Tau but not CBD-Tau. Thus, AD-Tau and CBD-Tau represent specific pathological tau strains that spread differentially and may underlie distinct clinical and pathological features of these two tauopathies. Hence, these strains could become targets to develop disease-modifying therapies for CBD and AD. PMID:25534024

Boluda, Susana; Iba, Michiyo; Zhang, Bin; Raible, Kevin M; Lee, Virginia M-Y; Trojanowski, John Q

2015-02-01

184

Formation and Propagation of Tau Oligomeric Seeds  

PubMed Central

Tau misfolding and aggregation leads to the formation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), which have long been considered one of the main pathological hallmarks for numerous neurodegenerative diseases known as tauopathies, including Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and Parkinson’s Disease (PD). However, recent studies completed both in vitro and in vivo suggest that intermediate forms of tau, known as tau oligomers, between the monomeric form and NFTs are the true toxic species in disease and the best targets for anti-tau therapies. However, the exact mechanism by which the spread of pathology occurs is unknown. Evidence suggests that tau oligomers may act as templates for the misfolding of native tau, thereby seeding the spread of the toxic forms of the protein. Recently, researchers have reported the ability of tau oligomers to enter and exit cells, propagating from disease-affected regions to unaffected areas. While the mechanism by which the spreading of misfolded tau occurs has yet to be elucidated, there are a few different models which have been proposed, including cell membrane stress and pore-formation, endocytosis and exocytosis, and non-traditional secretion of protein not enclosed by a membrane. Coming to an understanding of how toxic tau species seed and spread through the brain will be crucial to finding effective treatments for neurodegenerative tauopathies. PMID:23882255

Gerson, Julia E.; Kayed, Rakez

2013-01-01

185

Measurement of exclusive branching fractions of hadronic one-prong tau decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have measured the branching fractions for the hadronic ? decays, ? ? ?Kn?° ? (0? n ?3), with the L3 detector at LEP. Multiphoton final states are analyzed using the fine-grained, high-resolution electromagnetic calorimeter. The decay channels are identified using a neural network method. The results are: BR(? ? ?K?) = (11.82 ± 0.26 ± 0.43) %, BR(? ?

M. M. Accarri; A. Adam; O. Adriani; M. Aguilar-Benitez; S. Ahlen; J. Alcaraz; A. Aloisio; G. Alverson; M. G. Alviggi; G. Ambrosi; Q. An; H. Anderhub; A. L. Anderson; V. P. Andreev; T. Angelescu; L. Antonov; D. Antreasyan; G. Alkhazov; P. Arce; A. Arefiev; T. Azemoon; T. Aziz; P. V. K. S. Baba; P. Bagnaia; J. A. Bakken; L. Baksay; R. C. Ball; S. Banerjee; K. Banicz; R. Barillère; L. Barone; A. Baschirotto; M. Basile; R. Battiston; A. Bay; F. Becattini; U. Becker; F. Behner; Gy. L. Bencze; J. Berdugo; P. Berges; B. Bertucci; B. L. Betev; M. Biasini; A. Biland; G. M. Bilei; R. Bizzarri; J. J. Blaising; G. J. Bobbink; R. Bock; A. Böhm; B. Borgia; A. Boucham; D. Bourilkov; M. Bourquin; D. Boutigny; B. Bouwens; E. Brambilla; J. G. Branson; V. Brigljevic; I. C. Brock; M. Brooks; A. Bujak; J. D. Burger; W. J. Burger; C. Burgos; J. Busenitz; A. Buytenhuijs; A. Bykov; X. D. Cai; M. Capell; G. Cara Romeo; M. Caria; G. Carlino; A. M. Cartacci; J. Casaus; R. Castello; N. Cavallo; M. Cerrada; M. Cesaroni; M. Chamizo; Y. H. Chang; U. K. Chaturvedi; M. Chemarin; A. Chen; C. Chen; G. Chen; H. F. Chen; H. S. Chen; M. Chen; G. Chiefari; C. Y. Chien; M. T. Choi; S. Chung; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; C. Civinini; I. Clare; R. Clare; T. E. Coan; H. O. Cohn; G. Coignet; N. Colino; S. Costantini; F. Cotorobai; B. de la Cruz; X. T. Cui; X. Y. Cui; T. S. Dai; R. D'Alessandro; R. de Asmundis; A. Degré; K. Deiters; E. Dénes; P. Denes; F. Denotaristefani; D. Dibitonto; M. Diemoz; H. R. Dimitrov; C. Dionisi; M. Dittmar; L. Djambazov; I. Dorne; M. T. Dova; E. Drago; D. Duchesneau; F. Duhem; P. Duinker; I. Duran; S. Dutta; S. Easo; H. El Mamouni; A. Engler; F. J. Eppling; F. C. Erné; P. Extermann; R. Fabbretti; M. Fabre; S. Falciano; A. Favara; J. Fay; M. Felcini; T. Ferguson; D. Fernandez; G. Fernandez; F. Ferroni; H. Fesefeldt; E. Fiandrini; J. H. Field; F. Filthaut; P. H. Fisher; G. Forconi; L. Fredj; K. Freudenreich; M. Gailloud; Yu. Galaktionov; E. Gallo; S. N. Ganguli; P. Garcia-Abia; S. Gentile; J. Gerald; N. Gheordanescu; S. Giagu; S. Goldfarb; J. Goldstein; Z. F. Gong; E. Gonzalez; A. Gougas; D. Goujon; G. Gratta; M. W. Gruenewald; C. Gu; M. Guanziroli; V. K. Gupta; A. Gurtu; H. R. Gustafson; L. J. Gutay; A. Hasan; D. Hauschildt; J. T. He; T. Hebbeker; M. Hebert; A. Hervé; K. Hilgers; H. Hofer; H. Hoorani; S. R. Hou; G. Hu; B. Ille; M. M. Ilyas; V. Innocente; H. Janssen; B. N. Jin; L. W. Jones; P. de Jong; I. Josa-Mutuberria; A. Kasser; R. A. Khan; Yu. Kamyshkov; P. Kapinos; J. S. Kapustinsky; Y. Karyotakis; M. Kaur; S. Khokhar; M. N. Kienzle-Focacci; D. Kim; J. K. Kim; S. C. Kim; Y. G. Kim; W. W. Kinnison; A. Kirkby; D. Kirkby; J. Kirkby; S. Kirsch; W. Kittel; A. Klimentov; A. C. König; E. Koffeman; O. Kornadt; V. Koutsenko; A. Koulbardis; R. W. Kraemer; T. Kramer; V. R. Krastev; W. Krenz; H. Kuijten; K. S. Kumar; A. Kunin; P. Ladron de Guevara; G. Landi; D. Lanske; S. Lanzano; P. Laurikainen; A. Lebedev; P. Lebrun; P. Lecomte; P. Lecoq; P. Le Coultre; D. M. Lee; J. S. Lee; K. Y. Lee; I. Leedom; C. Leggett; J. M. Le Goff; R. Leiste; M. Lenti; E. Leonardi; P. Levtchenko; C. Li; E. Lieb; W. T. Lin; F. L. Linde; B. Lindemann; L. Lista; Y. Liu; W. Lohmann; E. Longo; W. Lu; Y. S. Lu; J. M. Lubbers; K. Lübelsmeyer; C. Luci; D. Luckey; L. Ludovici; L. Luminari; W. Lustermann; W. G. Ma; M. MacDermott; M. Maity; L. Malgeri; R. Malik; A. Malinin; C. Maña; S. Mangla; M. Maolinbay; P. Marchesini; A. Marin; J. P. Martin; F. Marzano; G. G. G. Massaro; K. Mazumdar; P. McBride; T. McMahon; D. McNally; S. Mele; M. Merk; L. Merola; M. Meschini; W. J. Metzger; Y. Mi; A. Mihul; G. B. Mills; Y. Mir; G. Mirabelli; J. Mnich; M. Möller; V. Monaco; B. Monteleoni; R. Morand; S. Morganti; N. E. Moulai; R. Mount; S. Müller; E. Nagy; M. Napolitano; F. Nessi-Tedaldi; H. Newman; M. A. Niaz; A. Nippe; H. Nowak; G. Organtini; R. Ostonen; D. Pandoulas; S. Paoletti; P. Paolucci; G. Pascale; G. Passaleva; S. Patricelli; T. Paul; M. Pauluzzi; C. Paus; F. Pauss; Y. J. Pei; S. Pensotti; D. Perret-Gallix; A. Pevsner; D. Piccolo; M. Pieri; J. C. Pinto; P. A. Piroué; E. Pistolesi; F. Plasil; V. Plyaskin; M. Pohl; V. Pojidaev; H. Postema; N. Produit; J. M. Qian; K. N. Qureshi; R. Raghavan; G. Rahal-Callot; P. G. Rancoita; M. Rattaggi; G. Raven; P. Razis; K. Read; M. Redaelli; D. Ren; Z. Ren; M. Rescigno; S. Reucroft; A. Ricker; S. Riemann; B. C. Riemers; K. Riles; O. Rind; H. A. Rizvi; S. Ro; A. Robohm; F. J. Rodriguez; B. P. Roe; M. Röhner; S. Röhner; L. Romero; S. Rosier-Lees; R. Rosmalen; Ph. Rosselet; W. van Rossum; S. Roth; A. Rubbia; J. A. Rubio; H. Rykaczewski; J. Salicio; E. Sanchez; G. S. Sanders; A. Santocchia; M. E. Sarakinos; S. Sarkar; G. Sartorelli; M. Sassowsky; G. Sauvage; H. Schäfer; V. Schegelsky; D. Schmitz; P. Schmitz; M. Schneegans; N. Scholz; H. Schopper; D. J. Schotanus; S. Shotkin; H. J. Schreiber; J. Shukla

1995-01-01

186

Heavy quarks and tau leptons: New physics opportunities  

E-print Network

In this talk I discuss the role of heavy quarks in new physics searches with tau leptons. I focus on new physics effects associated to the scalar sector which are naturally enhanced for the heaviest fermions due to the large hierarchy of the fermion masses. I will discuss two topics within this context: lepton flavour violation in the $\\tau - \\ell$ ($\\ell=e,\\mu$) sector and violations of lepton universality in tauonic $B$ decays.

Alejandro Celis

2014-10-29

187

Search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs in pp[over ] collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV.  

PubMed

A search for the production of neutral Higgs bosons Phi decaying into tau(+)tau(-) final states in pp[over ] collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV is presented. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 325 pb(-1), were collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Since no excess compared to the expectation from standard model processes is found, limits on the production cross section times branching ratio are set. The results are combined with those obtained from the D0 search for Phib(b[over ])-->bb[over ]b(b[over ]) and are interpreted in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. PMID:17025951

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Agelou, M; Agram, J-L; Ahn, S H; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Anastasoaie, M; Andeen, T; Anderson, S; Andrieu, B; Anzelc, M S; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Assis Jesus, A C S; Atramentov, O; Autermann, C; Avila, C; Ay, C; Badaud, F; Baden, A; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, P; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barnes, C; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Berntzon, L; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Binder, M; Biscarat, C; Black, K M; Blackler, I; Blazey, G; Blekman, F; Blessing, S; Bloch, D; Bloom, K; Blumenschein, U; Boehnlein, A; Boeriu, O; Bolton, T A; Borcherding, F; Borissov, G; Bos, K; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Buchanan, N J; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Burdin, S; Burke, S; Burnett, T H; Busato, E; Buszello, C P; Butler, J M; Calfayan, P; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Caron, S; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Cason, N M; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Chapin, D; Charles, F; Cheu, E; Chevallier, F; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christofek, L; Claes, D; Clément, B; Clément, C; Coadou, Y; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Coppage, D; Corcoran, M; Cousinou, M-C; Cox, B; Crépé-Renaudin, S; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; da Motta, H; Das, A; Das, M; Davies, B; Davies, G; Davis, G A; De, K; de Jong, P; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; De Oliveira Martins, C; Degenhardt, J D; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Demine, P; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Doidge, M; Dominguez, A; Dong, H; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Dugad, S R; Duperrin, A; Dyer, J; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Edwards, T; Ellison, J; Elmsheuser, J; Elvira, V D; Eno, S; Ermolov, P; Estrada, J; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Fatakia, S N; Feligioni, L; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fleck, I; Ford, M; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Gallas, E; Galyaev, E; Garcia, C; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gardner, J; Gavrilov, V; Gay, A; Gay, P; Gelé, D; Gelhaus, R; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gollub, N; Gómez, B; Gounder, K; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hadley, N J; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Hanagaki, K; Harder, K; Harel, A; Harrington, R; Hauptman, J M; Hauser, R; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinmiller, J M; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hoeth, H; Hohlfeld, M; Hong, S J; Hooper, R; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jarvis, C; Jenkins, A; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Käfer, D; Kahn, S; Kajfasz, E; Kalinin, A M; Kalk, J M; Kalk, J R; Kappler, S; Karmanov, D; Kasper, J; Kasper, P; Katsanos, I; Kau, D; Kaur, R; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Kesisoglou, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y M; Khatidze, D; Kim, H; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J-P; Kopal, M; Korablev, V M; Kotcher, J; Kothari, B; Koubarovsky, A; Kozelov, A V; Kozminski, J; Kryemadhi, A; Krzywdzinski, S; Kuhl, T; Kumar, A; Kunori, S; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kvita, J; Lager, S; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lazoflores, J; Le Bihan, A-C; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lehner, F; Lesne, V; Leveque, J; Lewis, P; Li, J; Li, Q Z; Lima, J G R; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Z; Lobo, L; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Lounis, A; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Lynker, M; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Madaras, R J; Mättig, P; Magass, C; Magerkurth, A; Magnan, A-M; Makovec, N; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Mao, H S; Maravin, Y; Martens, M; Mattingly, S E K; McCarthy, R; McCroskey, R; Meder, D; Melnitchouk, A; Mendes, A; Mendoza, L; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Michaut, M; Miettinen, H; Millet, T; Mitrevski, J; Molina, J; Mondal, N K; Monk, J; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulders, M; Mulhearn, M; Mundim, L; Mutaf, Y D; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Naumann, N A; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Nelson, S; Neustroev, P; Noeding, C; Nomerotski, A; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; O'Dell, V; O'Neil, D C; Obrant, G; Oguri, V; Oliveira, N; Oshima, N; Otec, R; Otero y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padley, P; Parashar, N; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A

2006-09-22

188

Csf p-tau181/tau ratio as biomarker for TDP pathology in frontotemporal dementia.  

PubMed

Our objective was to evaluate the CSF phospho-Tau181/total-Tau (p/t-Tau) ratio to distinguish between the two main forms of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD): FTLD with TDP-43 (FTLD-TDP) and FTLD with Tau inclusions (FTLD-Tau). CSF p/t-Tau ratio was examined in 79 FTLD patients with predictable neuropathology, i.e. Tau (affected by progressive supranuclear palsy or carriers of mutations within the MAPT gene) or TDP-43 (carriers of mutations within granulin, C9orf72, TARDBP genes or affected by FTD with motor neuron disease). FTLD patients were randomly grouped in a training cohort (n = 39) to assess the best CSF p/t-Tau cut-off score according to ROC analysis, and a validation cohort (n = 40) to evaluate accuracy values of the identified marker. Results showed that, in the training cohort, we found a significantly reduced CSF p/t-Tau ratio in FTLD-TDP relative to FTLD-Tau. ROC analysis for p/t-Tau ratio was 0.873 and cut-off score of 0.136 allowed to differentiate FTLD-TDP and FTLD-Tau with 81.8% sensitivity and 88.2% specificity, respectively. Analysis in the validation cohort showed CSF p/t-Tau ratio < 0.136 to distinguish FTLD-TDP from FTLD-Tau with 83.3% specificity and 63.6% sensitivity, respectively. The positive predictive value of detecting TDP neuropathology was 82.4%. In conclusion, a reduced CSF p/t-Tau ratio represents a viable biomarker to correctly identify TDP pathology in FTLD. PMID:25352065

Borroni, Barbara; Benussi, Alberto; Archetti, Silvana; Galimberti, Daniela; Parnetti, Lucilla; Nacmias, Benedetta; Sorbi, Sandro; Scarpini, Elio; Padovani, Alessandro

2014-10-29

189

Measurement of the tau- --> h- pi0nutau and tau- --> h- >= 2pi0nutau branching ratios  

Microsoft Academic Search

The branching ratios of the tau- --> h- pi0vtau and tau- --> h- >= 2pi0vtau decays (where h- is either a pi- or K-) are measured using the OPAL detector at LEP. The two branching ratios are simultaneously measured using separate selection criteria and are found to be Bh- pi0 = (26.25 +\\/- 0.35 +\\/- 0.52)%, Bh- >= 2pi0 =

R. Akers; G. Alexander; J. Allison; K. J. Anderson; S. Arcelli; A. Astbury; D. Axen; G. Azuelos; A. H. Ball; R. J. Barlow; S. Barnett; R. Bartoldus; J. R. Batley; G. Beaudoin; A. Beck; G. A. Beck; J. Becker; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; P. Bentkowski; P. Berlich; S. Bethke; O. Biebel; I. J. Bloodworth; P. Bock; B. Boden; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; P. Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; A. Buijs; H. J. Burckhart; C. Burgard; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; J. C. Clayton; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; M. Cooper; M. Coupland; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C. Darling; S. de Jong; L. A. del Pozo; H. Deng; M. Dittmar; M. S. Dixit; E. Do Couto E Silva; J. E. Duboscq; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; D. J. P. Dumas; P. A. Elcombe; P. G. Estabrooks; E. Etzion; H. G. Evans; F. Fabbri; B. Fabbro; M. Fierro; M. Fincke-Keeler; H. M. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; A. Fürtjes; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; J. D. Gillies; J. Goldberg; D. M. Gingrich; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; F. C. Grant; J. Hagemann; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; C. K. Hargrove; P. F. Harrison; J. Hart; P. A. Hart; P. M. Hattersley; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; E. Heflin; R. J. Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; D. A. Hinshaw; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; R. J. Homer; A. K. Honma; R. E. Hughes-Jones; R. Humbert; P. Igo-Kemenes; H. Ihssen; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; P. Jovanovic; C. Jui; D. Karlen; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; R. K. Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; J. King; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R. Kowalewski; R. Howard; J. von Krogh; J. Kroll; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; P. Leblanc; P. Le Du; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; M. H. Lehto; D. Lellouch; C. Leroy; J. Letts; L. Levinson; Z. Li; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; M. J. Losty; X. C. Lou; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; T. Mashimo; P. Mättig; U. Maur; J. McKenna; T. J. McMahon; J. R. McNutt; F. Meijers; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; A. Michelini; R. P. Middleton; G. Mikenberg; J. Mildenberger; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; C. Moisan; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; H. H. Nguyen; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; J. P. Pansart; P. Paschievici; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. Pfister; J. E. Pilcher; J. Pinfold; D. Pitman; D. E. Plane; P. Poffenberger; B. Poli; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; G. Quast; M. W. Redmond; D. L. Rees; G. E. Richards; M. Rison; S. A. Robins; D. Robinson; A. Rollnik; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; S. Rossberg; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; H. von der Scmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; P. Schütz; M. Schulz; C. Schwick; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; M. Settles; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; R. Sobie; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerr; R. Ströhmer; D. Strom; A. Syoosi; H. Takeda; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; P. Teixeira-Dias; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; E. Torrente-Lujan; S. Towers; N. J. Tresilian; T. Tsukamoto; M. F. Turner; D. van den Plas; R. van Kooten; G. J. Vandalen; G. Vasseur; M. Vincter; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. Wahl; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; V.-H. Winterer; T. Wlodek; S. Wolf; S. Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; R. Yaari; A. Yeaman; G. Yekutieli; M. Yurko; W. Zeuner; G. T. Zorn

1994-01-01

190

Second-class current effects from isospin breaking in tau-->omega pi nu_tau  

E-print Network

Second-class weak currents can in the standard model be induced by chiral symmetry breaking. In the specific case of the decay tau-->omega pi nu_tau, dominated by the first-class vector current with the rho quantum numbers, such effects would manifest themselves by small axial vector (or, generally, non-vector) contributions to the decay rate. We present an attempt to estimate such effects, based on a vector and axial-vector dominance model of the relevant matrix elements supplemented by omega-rho mixing. We also give an indication on the amplitude directly mediated by b_1(1235)-->omega pi, in principle also allowed in the standard model by isotopic spin violation.

Nello Paver; Riazuddin

2012-05-30

191

Searches for Lepton Flavor Violation in the Decays tau[superscript ±]-->e[superscript ±]gamma and tau[superscript ±]-->mu[superscript ±]gamma  

E-print Network

Searches for lepton-flavor-violating decays of a ? lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a photon have been performed with the entire data set of (963±7)×10[superscript 6]?? decays collected by the BABAR detector near the ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

192

Observation of tau neutrino appearance in the CNGS beam with the OPERA experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The OPERA experiment is searching for ? _? rArr ? _tau oscillations in appearance mode, i.e., via the direct detection of tau leptons in ? _tau charged-current interactions. The evidence of ? _? rArr ? _tau appearance has been previously reported with three ? _tau candidate events using a sub-sample of data from the 2008-2012 runs. We report here a fourth ? _tau candidate event, with the tau decaying into a hadron, found after adding the 2012 run events without any muon in the final state to the data sample. Given the number of analyzed events and the low background, ? _? rArr ? _tau oscillations are established with a significance of 4.2?.

Opera Collaboration; Agafonova, N.; Aleksandrov, A.; Anokhina, A.; Aoki, S.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Asada, T.; Bender, D.; Bertolin, A.; Bozza, C.; Brugnera, R.; Buonaura, A.; Buontempo, S.; Büttner, B.; Chernyavsky, M.; Chukanov, A.; Consiglio, L.; D'Ambrosio, N.; de Lellis, G.; de Serio, M.; Del Amo Sanchez, P.; di Crescenzo, A.; di Ferdinando, D.; di Marco, N.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dracos, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Dusini, S.; Dzhatdoev, T.; Ebert, J.; Ereditato, A.; Fini, R. A.; Fukuda, T.; Galati, G.; Garfagnini, A.; Giacomelli, G.; Goellnitz, C.; Goldberg, J.; Gornushkin, Y.; Grella, G.; Guler, M.; Gustavino, C.; Hagner, C.; Hara, T.; Hayakawa, T.; Hollnagel, A.; Hosseini, B.; Ishida, H.; Ishiguro, K.; Jakovcic, K.; Jollet, C.; Kamiscioglu, C.; Kamiscioglu, M.; Katsuragawa, T.; Kawada, J.; Kawahara, H.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, S. H.; Kitagawa, N.; Klicek, B.; Kodama, K.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Kreslo, I.; Lauria, A.; Lenkeit, J.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, A.; Loverre, P.; Malenica, M.; Malgin, A.; Mandrioli, G.; Matsuo, T.; Matveev, V.; Mauri, N.; Medinaceli, E.; Meregaglia, A.; Meyer, M.; Mikado, S.; Miyanishi, M.; Monacelli, P.; Montesi, M. C.; Morishima, K.; Muciaccia, M. T.; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Nakatsuka, Y.; Niwa, K.; Ogawa, S.; Okateva, N.; Olshevsky, A.; Omura, T.; Ozaki, K.; Paoloni, A.; Park, B. D.; Park, I. G.; Pasqualini, L.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pessard, H.; Pistillo, C.; Podgrudkov, D.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pupilli, F.; Roda, M.; Roganova, T.; Rokujo, H.; Rosa, G.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Sato, O.; Schembri, A.; Shakiryanova, I.; Shchedrina, T.; Sheshukov, A.; Shibuya, H.; Shiraishi, T.; Shoziyoev, G.; Simone, S.; Sioli, M.; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stellacci, S. M.; Stipcevic, M.; Strolin, P.; Takahashi, S.; Tenti, M.; Terranova, F.; Tioukov, V.; Tufanli, S.; Umemoto, A.; Vilain, P.; Vladimirov, M.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J. L.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Yoon, C. S.; Yaguchi, I.; Yoshimoto, M.; Zemskova, S.; Zghiche, A.

2014-10-01

193

A novel tau transcript in cultured human neuroblastoma cells expressing nuclear tau  

PubMed Central

We previously reported the presence of the microtubule-associated protein, tau in the nuclei of primate cells in culture. The present study confirms the existence of nuclear tau in two human neuroblastoma cells lines by indirect immunofluorescence and Western blot using mAbs to tau. Northern blot analysis of poly A+ mRNA detects a novel 2-kb tau transcript coexpressed with the 6-kb message in cultured human cells and human frontal cortex. PCR and cDNA sequencing demonstrate that the 2-kb message contains the entire tau coding region. Furthermore, actinomycin D transcription inhibition experiments indicate that the 2- kb message is not derived from the 6-kb message, but instead arises from the original tau transcript. One of the human neuroblastoma cell lines examined contains both nuclear and cytoplasmic tau as assayed by both Western blot and indirect immunofluorescence. Northern blot analysis of this cell line indicates that copious amounts of the 2-kb message are present while little of the 6-kb transcript is obvious. Immunofluorescence analysis of this cell line demonstrates that the cytoplasmic tau is not localized to microtubules. Together, these results indicate that the 2-kb tau message in humans may specify tau for non-microtubule functions in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus. We hypothesize that this is accomplished via a message targeting mechanism mediated by the untranslated regions of the tau messages. PMID:8468346

1993-01-01

194

An Unbiased Approach to Identifying Tau Kinases That Phosphorylate Tau at Sites Associated with Alzheimer Disease  

PubMed Central

Neurofibrillary tangles, one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD), are composed of paired helical filaments of abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau. The accumulation of these proteinaceous aggregates in AD correlates with synaptic loss and severity of dementia. Identifying the kinases involved in the pathological phosphorylation of tau may identify novel targets for AD. We used an unbiased approach to study the effect of 352 human kinases on their ability to phosphorylate tau at epitopes associated with AD. The kinases were overexpressed together with the longest form of human tau in human neuroblastoma cells. Levels of total and phosphorylated tau (epitopes Ser(P)-202, Thr(P)-231, Ser(P)-235, and Ser(P)-396/404) were measured in cell lysates using AlphaScreen assays. GSK3?, GSK3?, and MAPK13 were found to be the most active tau kinases, phosphorylating tau at all four epitopes. We further dissected the effects of GSK3? and GSK3? using pharmacological and genetic tools in hTau primary cortical neurons. Pathway analysis of the kinases identified in the screen suggested mechanisms for regulation of total tau levels and tau phosphorylation; for example, kinases that affect total tau levels do so by inhibition or activation of translation. A network fishing approach with the kinase hits identified other key molecules putatively involved in tau phosphorylation pathways, including the G-protein signaling through the Ras family of GTPases (MAPK family) pathway. The findings identify novel tau kinases and novel pathways that may be relevant for AD and other tauopathies. PMID:23798682

Cavallini, Annalisa; Brewerton, Suzanne; Bell, Amanda; Sargent, Samantha; Glover, Sarah; Hardy, Clare; Moore, Roger; Calley, John; Ramachandran, Devaki; Poidinger, Michael; Karran, Eric; Davies, Peter; Hutton, Michael; Szekeres, Philip; Bose, Suchira

2013-01-01

195

Simulated Cytoskeletal Collapse via Tau Degradation  

E-print Network

We present a coarse-grained two dimensional mechanical model for the microtubule-tau bundles in neuronal axons in which we remove taus, as can happen in various neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, tauopathies, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Our simplified model includes (i) taus modeled as entropic springs between microtubules, (ii) removal of taus from the bundles due to phosphorylation, and (iii) a possible depletion force between microtubules due to these dissociated phosphorylated taus. We equilibrate upon tau removal using steepest descent relaxation. In the absence of the depletion force, the transverse rigidity to radial compression of the bundle falls to zero at about 60% tau occupancy, in agreement with standard percolation theory results. However, with the attractive depletion force, spring removal leads to a first order collapse of the bundles over a wide range of tau occupancies for physiologically realizable conditions. While our simplest calculations assume a constant concentration of microtubule intercalants to mediate the depletion force, including a dependence that is linear in the detached taus yields the same collapse. Applying percolation theory to removal of taus at microtubule tips, which are likely to be the protective sites against dynamic instability, we argue that the microtubule instability can only obtain at low tau occupancy, from 0.06-0.30 depending upon the tau coordination at the microtubule tips. Hence, the collapse we discover is likely to be more robust over a wide range of tau occupancies than the dynamic instability. We suggest in vitro tests of our predicted collapse.

Austin Sendek; Henry R. Fuller; N. Robert Hayre; Rajiv R. P. Singh; Daniel L. Cox

2014-09-29

196

Simulated Cytoskeletal Collapse via Tau Degradation  

PubMed Central

We present a coarse-grained two dimensional mechanical model for the microtubule-tau bundles in neuronal axons in which we remove taus, as can happen in various neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimers disease, tauopathies, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Our simplified model includes (i) taus modeled as entropic springs between microtubules, (ii) removal of taus from the bundles due to phosphorylation, and (iii) a possible depletion force between microtubules due to these dissociated phosphorylated taus. We equilibrate upon tau removal using steepest descent relaxation. In the absence of the depletion force, the transverse rigidity to radial compression of the bundles falls to zero at about 60% tau occupancy, in agreement with standard percolation theory results. However, with the attractive depletion force, spring removal leads to a first order collapse of the bundles over a wide range of tau occupancies for physiologically realizable conditions. While our simplest calculations assume a constant concentration of microtubule intercalants to mediate the depletion force, including a dependence that is linear in the detached taus yields the same collapse. Applying percolation theory to removal of taus at microtubule tips, which are likely to be the protective sites against dynamic instability, we argue that the microtubule instability can only obtain at low tau occupancy, from 0.06–0.30 depending upon the tau coordination at the microtubule tips. Hence, the collapse we discover is likely to be more robust over a wide range of tau occupancies than the dynamic instability. We suggest in vitro tests of our predicted collapse. PMID:25162587

Sendek, Austin; Fuller, Henry R.; Hayre, N. Robert; Singh, Rajiv R. P.; Cox, Daniel L.

2014-01-01

197

NMR observation of Tau in Xenopus oocytes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The observation by NMR spectroscopy of microinjected 15N-labelled proteins into Xenopus laevis oocytes might open the way to link structural and cellular biology. We show here that embedding the oocytes into a 20% Ficoll solution maintains their structural integrity over extended periods of time, allowing for the detection of nearly physiological protein concentrations. We use these novel conditions to study the neuronal Tau protein inside the oocytes. Spectral reproducibility and careful comparison of the spectra of Tau before and after cell homogenization is presented. When injecting Tau protein into immature oocytes, we show that both its microtubule association and different phosphorylation events can be detected.

Bodart, Jean-François; Wieruszeski, Jean-Michel; Amniai, Laziza; Leroy, Arnaud; Landrieu, Isabelle; Rousseau-Lescuyer, Arlette; Vilain, Jean-Pierre; Lippens, Guy

2008-06-01

198

Search for Lepton Flavor Violating Decays $\\tau^\\pm \\to \\ell^\\pm{\\pi^0}, \\ell^\\pm\\eta, \\ell^\\pm{\\eta^\\prime}$  

SciTech Connect

A search for lepton flavor violating decays of the {tau} lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a pseudoscalar meson has been performed using 339 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation data collected at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58GeV by the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II storage ring. No evidence of signal has been found, and upper limits on the branching fractions are set at 10{sup -7} level.

Aubert, B.

2006-11-15

199

Intracerebral injection of preformed synthetic tau fibrils initiates widespread tauopathy and neuronal loss in the brains of tau transgenic mice  

PubMed Central

Neurofibrillary tangles composed of hyperphosphorylated fibrillized tau are found in numerous tauopathies including Alzheimer's disease. Increasing evidence suggests that tau pathology can be transmitted from cell-to-cell; however the mechanisms involved in the initiation of tau fibrillization and spreading of disease linked to progression of tau pathology are poorly understood. We show here that intracerebral injections of preformed synthetic tau fibrils into the hippocampus or frontal cortex of young tau transgenic mice expressing mutant human P301L tau induces tau hyperphosphorylation and aggregation around the site of injection, as well as a time-dependent propagation of tau pathology to interconnected brain areas distant from the injection site. Furthermore, we show that the tau pathology as a consequence of injection of tau preformed fibrils into the hippocampus induces selective loss of CA1 neurons. Together, our data confirm previous studies on the seeded induction and the spreading of tau pathology in a different tau transgenic mouse model and reveals neuronal loss associated with seeded tau pathology in tau transgenic mouse brain. These results further validate the utility of the tau seeding model in studying disease transmission, and provide a more complete in vivo tauopathy model with associated neurodegeneration which can be used to investigate the mechanisms involved in tau aggregation and spreading, as well as aid in the search for disease modifying treatments for Alzheimer's disease and related tauopathies. PMID:25220759

Peeraer, Eve; Bottelbergs, Astrid; Van Kolen, Kristof; Stancu, Ilie-Cosmin; Vasconcelos, Bruno; Mahieu, Michel; Duytschaever, Hilde; Ver Donck, Luc; Torremans, An; Sluydts, Ellen; Van Acker, Nathalie; Kemp, John A.; Mercken, Marc; Brunden, Kurt R.; Trojanowski, John Q.; Dewachter, Ilse; Lee, Virginia M.Y.; Moechars, Diederik

2015-01-01

200

Determination of the Higgs CP mixing angle in the tau decay channels at the LHC including the Drell-Yan background  

E-print Network

We investigate how precisely the CP nature of the 125 GeV Higgs boson resonance h can be unraveled at the LHC in its decays to tau pairs. We use a method which allows to determine the scalar-pseudoscalar Higgs mixing angle in this decay mode. This mixing angle can be extracted from the distribution of a signed angle, which we analyze for the major charged-prong tau decays. For definiteness, we consider Higgs-boson production by gluon fusion at NLO QCD. We take into account also the irreducible background from Drell-Yan production at NLO QCD. We compute, for the signal and background reactions, angular and energy correlations of the charged prongs and analyze which type of cuts suppress the Drell-Yan background. An important feature of this background is that its contribution to the distribution of our observable is a flat line, also at NLO QCD. By separating the Drell-Yan events into two different sets, two different non-trivial distributions are obtained. Based on this observation we propose to use these sets for calibation purposes. By Monte Carlo simulation we study also the effect of measurement uncertainties on this distribution. We estimate that the Higgs mixing angle can be determined with our method to a precision of 14 degree (5 degree) at the high luminosity LHC (14 TeV) with an integrated luminosity of 500 inverse fb (3 inverse ab).

Stefan Berge; Werner Bernreuther; Sebastian Kirchner

2014-08-04

201

Acetylation of tau inhibits its degradation and contributes to tauopathy.  

PubMed

Neurodegenerative tauopathies characterized by hyperphosphorylated tau include frontotemporal dementia and Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Reducing tau levels improves cognitive function in mouse models of AD and FTDP-17, but the mechanisms regulating the turnover of pathogenic tau are unknown. We found that tau is acetylated and that tau acetylation prevents degradation of phosphorylated tau (p-tau). We generated two antibodies specific for acetylated tau and showed that tau acetylation is elevated in patients at early and moderate Braak stages of tauopathy. Histone acetyltransferase p300 was involved in tau acetylation and the class III protein deacetylase SIRT1 in deacetylation. Deleting SIRT1 enhanced levels of acetylated-tau and pathogenic forms of p-tau, probably by blocking proteasome-mediated degradation. Inhibiting p300 with a small molecule promoted tau deacetylation and eliminated p-tau associated with tauopathy. Modulating tau acetylation could be a new therapeutic strategy to reduce tau-mediated neurodegeneration. PMID:20869593

Min, Sang-Won; Cho, Seo-Hyun; Zhou, Yungui; Schroeder, Sebastian; Haroutunian, Vahram; Seeley, William W; Huang, Eric J; Shen, Yong; Masliah, Eliezer; Mukherjee, Chandrani; Meyers, David; Cole, Philip A; Ott, Melanie; Gan, Li

2010-09-23

202

Measuring the Higgs boson's parity using tau --> rho nu  

E-print Network

We present a very promising method for a measurement of the Higgs boson parity using the H/A -> tau^+ tau^- --> rho^+ nu rho^- nu --> pi^+ pi^0 nu pi^- pi^0 nu decay chain. The method is both model independent and independent of the Higgs production mechanism. Angular distributions of the tau decay products which are sensitive to the Higgs boson parity are defined and are found to be measurable using typical properties of a future detector for an e^+ e^- linear collider. The prospects for the measurement of the parity of a Higgs boson with a mass of 120 GeV are quantified for the case of e^+ e^- collisons of 500 GeV center of mass energy with an integrated luminosity of 500 fb^-1. The Standard Model Higgsstrahlung production process is used as an example.

G. R. Bower; T. Pierzchala; Z. Was; M. Worek

2002-08-09

203

Progranulin Reduction Is Associated With Increased Tau Phosphorylation in P301L Tau Transgenic Mice.  

PubMed

Granulin (GRN) mutations have been identified in familial frontotemporal lobar degeneration patients with ubiquitin pathology. GRN transcript haploinsufficiency is proposed as a disease mechanism that leads to the loss of functional progranulin (PGRN) protein. Thus, these mutations are strongly involved in frontotemporal lobar degeneration pathogenesis. Moreover, recent findings indicate that GRN mutations are associated with other neurodegenerative disorders with tau pathology, including Alzheimer disease and corticobasal degeneration. To investigate the potential influence of a decline in PGRN protein on tau accumulation, P301L tau transgenic mice were interbred with GRN-deficient mice, producing P301L tau transgenic mice harboring the GRN hemizygote. Brains were collected from 13- and 19-month-old mice, and sequential extraction of proteins, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemical analyses were performed. Immunoblotting analysis revealed that tau phosphorylation was accelerated in the Tris-saline soluble fraction of 13-month-old and in the sarkosyl-insoluble fraction of 19-month-old P301L tau/GRN hemizygotes compared with those in fractions from P301L tau transgenic mice. Activity of cyclin-dependent kinases was also upregulated in the brains of P301L tau/GRN hemizygote mice. Although the mechanisms involved in these findings remain unknown, our data suggest that a reduction in PGRN protein might contribute to phosphorylation and intraneuronal accumulation of tau. PMID:25575133

Hosokawa, Masato; Arai, Tetsuaki; Masuda-Suzukake, Masami; Kondo, Hiromi; Matsuwaki, Takashi; Nishihara, Masugi; Hasegawa, Masato; Akiyama, Haruhiko

2015-02-01

204

Tau promotes neurodegeneration through global chromatin relaxation  

PubMed Central

The microtubule-associated protein tau is involved in a number of neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Previous studies link oxidative stress and subsequent DNA damage to neuronal death in AD and related tauopathies. Since DNA damage can significantly alter chromatin structure, we examined epigenetic changes in tau-induced neurodegeneration. We have found widespread loss of heterochromatin in tau transgenic Drosophila and mice, and in human AD. Importantly, genetic rescue of tau-induced heterochromatin loss substantially reduced neurodegeneration in Drosophila. We identified oxidative stress and subsequent DNA damage as a mechanistic link between transgenic tau expression and heterochromatin relaxation, and found that heterochromatin loss permits aberrant gene expression in tauopathies. Furthermore, large-scale analyses from human AD brains revealed a widespread transcriptional increase in genes that are heterochromatically silenced in controls. Our results establish heterochromatin loss as a toxic effector of tau-induced neurodegeneration, and identify chromatin structure as a potential therapeutic target in AD. PMID:24464041

Frost, Bess; Hemberg, Martin; Lewis, Jada; Feany, Mel B.

2014-01-01

205

On the Behavior of the Effective QCD Coupling {alpha}{sub {tau}}(s)at Low Scales  

SciTech Connect

The hadronic decays of the {tau} lepton can be used to determine the effective charge {alpha}{tau}(m{sub {tau}{prime}}{sup 2}) for a hypothetical {tau}-lepton with mass in the range 0 < m{sub {tau}{prime}} < m{sub {tau}}. This definition provides a fundamental definition of the QCD coupling at low mass scales. We study the behavior of {alpha}{sub {tau}} at low mass scales directly from first principles and without any renormalization-scheme dependence by looking at the experimental data from the OPAL Collaboration. The results are consistent with the freezing of the physical coupling at mass scales s = m{sub {tau}{prime}}{sup 2} of order 1 GeV{sup 2} with a magnitude {alpha}{sub {tau}} {approx} 0.9 {+-} 0.1.

Brodsky, Stanley J.

2002-12-11

206

Measurement of the leptonic branching ratios of the tau lepton  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leptonic branching ratios of the tau lepton have been determined from data collected by the OPAL detector in 1991 and 1992. From a sample of 27196 e+e--->tau+tau- candidates we find 7322tau to enu bar nu and 7941tau to mu nu bar nu candidates. Using efficiency and background estimates determined from a study of Monte Carlo events and control samples

R J Akers; Gideon Alexander; J. Allison; K A Ametewee; K. J. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; D A Axen; Georges Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J Richard Batley; G. Beaudoin; A. Beck; G. A. Beck; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; Stanislaus Cornelius Maria Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; Siegfried Bethke; O. Biebel; Ian J Bloodworth; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; S. Braibant; P G Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; A. Buijs; Helfried J Burckhart; R. Bürgin; C. Burgard; N. Capdevielle; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; J. C. Clayton; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; O. C. Cooke; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C L Darling; S. de Jong; L. A. Del Pozo; H. Deng; Michael Dittmar; M. S. Dixit; E. Do Couto E Silva; J. E. Duboscq; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; U. C. Dunwoody; J. E. G. Edwards; P. A. Elcombe; P. G. Estabrooks; E. Etzion; H. G. Evans; Franco Luigi Fabbri; B. Fabbro; M. Fanti; P. Fath; M. Fierro; Margret Fincke-Keeler; H. M. Fischer; P. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; James D Gillies; J. Goldberg; D. M. Gingrich; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; E. Gross; J. Hagemann; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; C. K. Hargrove; P. A. Hart; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; E. Heflin; Richard J Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; R James Homer; A. K. Honma; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; P. Igo-Kemenes; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; Martin Paul Jimack; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; P. Jovanovic; C. Jui; D A Karlen; J I Kanzaki; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; Richard K Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; B J King; J. King; J. Kirk; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R V Kowalewski; T. Kress; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; W. P. Lai; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; P. Leblanc; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; Daniel Lellouch; C. Leroy; J. Letts; L. Levinson; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; Michael J Losty; X. C. Lou; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; T. Mashimo; W. Matthews; P. Mättig; U. Maur; J A McKenna; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; F. Meijers; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; Aldo Michelini; R. P. Middleton; G. Mikenberg; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; N. J. Oldershaw; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; F. Palmonari; J. P. Pansart; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J L Pinfold; D. E. Plane; P R Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; M. W. Redmond; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. G. Rison; S. A. Robins; D. Robinson; N L Rodning; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; P. Schütz; M. Schulz; C. Schwick; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; M. Settles; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; Randall J Sobie; S. Söldner-Rembold; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; M. Starks; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; D. Strom; P. Szymanski; R. Tafirout; H. Takeda; T. Takeshita; P. Taras; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; P. Teixeira-Dias; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; O. Tousignant; S. Towers; M. Tscheulin; T. Tsukamoto; A. S. Turcot; M. F. Turner-Watson; P. Utzat; R. van Kooten; G. Vasseur; P. Vikas; M G Vincter; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; V.-H. Winterer; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S A Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; A. Yeaman; G. Yekutieli; M. Yurko; V. Zacek; W. Zeuner; G. T. Zorn

1995-01-01

207

In Vivo Microdialysis Reveals Age-Dependent Decrease of Brain Interstitial Fluid Tau Levels in P301S Human Tau Transgenic Mice  

PubMed Central

Although tau is a cytoplasmic protein, it is also found in brain extracellular fluids, e.g., CSF. Recent findings suggest that aggregated tau can be transferred between cells and extracellular tau aggregates might mediate spread of tau pathology. Despite these data, details of whether tau is normally released into the brain interstitial fluid (ISF), its concentration in ISF in relation to CSF, and whether ISF tau is influenced by its aggregation are unknown. To address these issues, we developed a microdialysis technique to analyze monomeric ISF tau levels within the hippocampus of awake, freely moving mice. We detected tau in ISF of wild-type mice, suggesting that tau is released in the absence of neurodegeneration. ISF tau was significantly higher than CSF tau and their concentrations were not significantly correlated. Using P301S human tau transgenic mice (P301S tg mice), we found that ISF tau is fivefold higher than endogenous murine tau, consistent with its elevated levels of expression. However, following the onset of tau aggregation, monomeric ISF tau decreased markedly. Biochemical analysis demonstrated that soluble tau in brain homogenates decreased along with the deposition of insoluble tau. Tau fibrils injected into the hippocampus decreased ISF tau, suggesting that extracellular tau is in equilibrium with extracellular or intracellular tau aggregates. This technique should facilitate further studies of tau secretion, spread of tau pathology, the effects of different disease states on ISF tau, and the efficacy of experimental treatments. PMID:21917794

Yamada, Kaoru; Cirrito, John R.; Stewart, Floy R.; Jiang, Hong; Finn, Mary Beth; Holmes, Brandon B.; Binder, Lester I.; Mandelkow, Eva-Maria; Diamond, Marc I.; Lee, Virginia M.-Y.; Holtzman, David M.

2015-01-01

208

Measurement of the b --> tau-nutauX branching ratio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a missing energy tag, evidence is presented for the decay b --> tau-nutauX, and its branching ratio is measured to be (4.08 +\\/- 0.76 +\\/- 0.62)%. Supported by the US Department of Energy, contract DE-AC02-76ER00881.

D. Buskulic; D. Decamp; C. Goy; J.-P. Lees; M.-N. Minard; B. Mours; R. Alemany; F. Ariztizabal; P. Comas; J. M. Crespo; M. Delfino; E. Fernandez; V. Gaitan; Ll. Garrido; T. Mattison; A. Pacheco; A. Pascual; D. Creanza; M. de Palma; A. Farilla; G. Iaselli; G. Maggi; M. Maggi; S. Natali; S. Nuzzo; M. Quattromini; A. Ranieri; G. Raso; F. Romano; F. Ruggieri; G. Selvaggi; L. Silvestris; P. Tempesta; G. Zito; H. Hu; D. Huang; X. Huang; J. Lin; J. Lou; C. Qiao; T. Wang; Y. Xie; D. Xu; R. Xu; J. Zhang; W. Zhao; L. A. T. Bauerdick; E. Blucher; G. Bonvicini; F. Bossi; J. Boudreau; D. Casper; H. Drevermann; R. W. Forty; G. Ganis; C. Gay; R. Hagelberg; J. Harvey; S. Haywood; J. Hilgart; R. Jacobsen; B. Jost; J. Knobloch; E. Lançon; I. Lehraus; T. Lohse; A. Lusiani; M. Martinez; P. Mato; H. Meinhard; A. Minten; R. Miquel; H.-G. Moser; P. Palazzi; J. A. Perlas; J.-F. Pusztaszeri; F. Ranjard; G. Redlinger; L. Rolandi; J. Rothberg; T. Ruan; M. Saich; D. Schlatter; M. Schmelling; F. Sefkow; W. Tejessy; H. Wachsmuth; W. Wiedenmann; T. Wildish; W. Witzeling; J. Wotschack; Z. Ajaltouni; F. Badaud; M. Bardadin-Otwinowska; A. M. Bencheikh; R. El Fellous; A. Falvard; P. Gay; C. Guicheney; P. Henrard; J. Jousset; B. Michel; J.-C. Montret; D. Pallin; P. Perret; B. Pietrzyk; J. Proriol; F. Prulhière; G. Stimpfl; T. Fearnley; J. D. Hansen; J. R. Hansen; P. H. Hansen; R. Møllerud; B. S. Nilsson; I. Efthymiopoulos; A. Kyriakis; E. Simopoulou; A. Vayaki; K. Zachariadou; J. Badier; A. Blondel; G. Bonneaud; J. C. Brient; G. Fouque; S. Orteu; A. Rosowsky; A. Rougé; M. Rumpf; R. Tanaka; M. Verderi; H. Videau; D. J. Candlin; M. I. Parsons; E. Veitch; L. Moneta; G. Parrini; M. Corden; C. Georgiopoulos; M. Ikeda; J. Lannutti; D. Levinthal; M. Mermikides; L. Sawyer; S. Wasserbaech; A. Antonelli; R. Baldini; G. Bencivenni; G. Bologna; P. Campana; G. Capon; F. Cerutti; V. Chiarella; B. D'Ettorre-Piazzoli; G. Felici; P. Laurelli; G. Mannocchi; F. Murtas; G. P. Murtas; L. Passalacqua; M. Pepe-Altarelli; P. Picchi; B. Altoon; O. Boyle; P. Colrain; I. Ten Have; J. G. Lynch; W. Maitland; W. T. Morton; C. Raine; J. M. Scarr; K. Smith; A. S. Thompson; R. M. Turnbull; B. Brandl; O. Braun; C. Geweniger; P. Hanke; V. Hepp; E. E. Kluge; Y. Maumary; A. Putzer; B. Rensch; A. Stahl; K. Tittel; M. Wunsch; A. T. Belk; R. Beuselinck; D. M. Binnie; W. Cameron; M. Cattaneo; D. J. Colling; P. J. Dornan; S. Dugeay; A. M. Greene; J. F. Hassard; N. M. Lieske; J. Nash; S. J. Patton; D. G. Payne; M. J. Phillips; J. K. Sedgbeer; I. R. Tomalin; A. G. Wright; E. Kneringer; D. Kuhn; G. Rudolph; C. K. Bowdery; T. J. Brodbeck; A. J. Finch; F. Foster; G. Hughes; D. Jackson; N. R. Keemer; M. Nuttall; A. Patel; T. Sloan; S. W. Snow; E. P. Whelan; K. Kleinknecht; J. Raab; B. Renk; H.-G. Sander; H. Schmidt; F. Steeg; S. M. Walther; B. Wolf; J.-J. Aubert; C. Benchouk; A. Bonissent; J. Carr; P. Coyle; J. Drinkard; F. Etienne; S. Papalexiou; P. Payre; Z. Qian; L. Roos; D. Rousseau; P. Schwemling; M. Talby; S. Adlung; C. Bauer; W. Blum; D. Brown; P. Cattaneo; G. Cowan; B. Dehning; H. Dietl; F. Dydak; M. Fernandez-Bosman; M. Frank; A. W. Halley; J. Lauber; G. Lütjens; G. Lutz; W. Männer; R. Richter; H. Rotscheidt; J. Schröder; A. S. Schwarz; R. Settles; H. Seywerd; U. Stierlin; U. Stiegler; R. St. Denis; M. Takashima; J. Thomas; G. Wolf; J. Boucrot; O. Callot; A. Cordier; M. Davier; J.-F. Grivaz; Ph. Heusse; D. E. Jaffe; P. Janot; D. W. Kim; F. Le Diberder; J. Lefrançois; A.-M. Lutz; M.-H. Schune; J.-J. Veillet; I. Videau; Z. Zhang; D. Abbaneo; S. R. Amendolia; G. Bagliesi; G. Batignani; L. Bosisio; U. Bottigli; C. Bozzi; C. Bradaschia; M. Carpinelli; M. A. Ciocci; R. dell'Orso; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; L. Foà; E. Focardi; F. Forti; A. Giassi; M. A. Giorgi; F. Ligabue; E. B. Mannelli; P. S. Marrocchesi; A. Messineo; F. Palla; G. Rizzo; G. Sanguinetti; P. Spagnolo; J. Steinberger; R. Tenchini; G. Tonelli; G. Triggiani; C. Vannini; A. Venturi; P. G. Verdini; J. Walsh; J. M. Carter; M. G. Green; P. V. March; T. Medcalf; I. S. Quazi; J. A. Strong; L. R. West; D. R. Botterill; R. W. Clifft; T. R. Edgecock; M. Edwards; S. M. Fisher; T. J. Jones; P. R. Norton; D. P. Salmon; J. C. Thompson; B. Bloch-Devaux; P. Colas; H. Duarte; W. Kozanecki; M. C. Lemaire; E. Locci; S. Loucatos; E. Monnier; P. Perez; F. Perrier; J. Rander; J.-F. Renardy; A. Roussarie; J.-P. Schuller; J. Schwindling; D. Si Mohand; B. Vallage; R. P. Johnson; A. M. Litke; G. Taylor; J. Wear; J. G. Ashman; W. Babbage; C. N. Booth; C. Buttar; R. E. Carney; S. Cartwright; F. Combley; F. Hatfield; P. Reeves; L. F. Thompson; E. Barberio; A. Böhrer; S. Brandt; C. Grupen; F. Rivera; U. Schäfer; G. Giannini; B. Gobbo; F. Ragusa; L. Bellantoni; W. Chen; D. Cinabro; J. S. Conway; D. F. Cowen; Z. Feng; D. P. S. Ferguson; Y. S. Gao; J. Grahl; J. L. Harton; R. C. Jared; B. W. Leclaire; C. Lishka

1993-01-01

209

The Variability of T Tau, RY Tau and RW Aur from 1899 to 1952  

E-print Network

We present the historical light curve of T Tau derived from photographic plates in the Harvard College Observatory archives. We find that the optical light of T Tau varied by 2-3 (or more) magnitudes on time scales as short as a month prior to ~1917, consistent with the results of Lozinskii (1949). Extreme light fluctuations of greater than 2 magnitudes abruptly ceased in the late 1910's and, to the best of our knowledge, have not repeated since this time. We compare the observed light variations of T Tau to the T Tauri stars RY Tau and RW Aur, whose light curves we also constructed from inspection of the archival plates. We find that variable extinction along the line of sight to the star is the most likely explanation for the observed light fluctuation of T Tau during the early part of the 20th century.

Tracy L. Beck; M. Simon

2001-04-16

210

Ultrahigh energy tau neutrino flux regeneration while skimming the Earth  

SciTech Connect

The detection of Earth-skimming tau neutrinos has turned into a very promising strategy for the observation of ultra-high-energy cosmic neutrinos. The sensitivity of this channel crucially depends on the parameters of the propagation of the tau neutrinos through the terrestrial crust, which governs the flux of emerging tau leptons that can be detected. One of the characteristics of this propagation is the possibility of regeneration through multiple {nu}{sub {tau}}{r_reversible}{tau} conversions, which are often neglected in the standard picture. In this paper, we solve the transport equations governing the {nu}{sub {tau}} propagation and compare the flux of emerging tau leptons obtained allowing regeneration or not. We discuss the validity of the approximation of neglecting the {nu}{sub {tau}} regeneration using different scenarios for the neutrino-nucleon cross sections and the tau energy losses.

Bigas, Oscar Blanch [LPNHE, CNRS/IN2P3 and Universite Paris VI-VIIbb, Paris (France); Deligny, Olivier [IPN, CNRS/IN2P3 and Universite Paris Sud, Orsay (France); Payet, Kevin [LPSC, Universite Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, INPG, Grenoble (France); Van Elewyck, Veronique [IPN, CNRS/IN2P3 and Universite Paris Sud, Orsay (France); AstroParticules et Cosmologie (UMR 7165) and Universite Paris 7, Paris (France)

2008-09-15

211

PICALM modulates autophagy activity and tau accumulation  

PubMed Central

Genome-wide association studies have identified several loci associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), including proteins involved in endocytic trafficking such as PICALM/CALM (phosphatidylinositol binding clathrin assembly protein). It is unclear how these loci may contribute to AD pathology. Here we show that CALM modulates autophagy and alters clearance of tau, a protein which is a known autophagy substrate and which is causatively linked to AD, both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, altered CALM expression exacerbates tau-mediated toxicity in zebrafish transgenic models. CALM influences autophagy by regulating the endocytosis of SNAREs, such as VAMP2, VAMP3 and VAMP8, which have diverse effects on different stages of the autophagy pathway, from autophagosome formation to autophagosome degradation. This study suggests that the AD genetic risk factor CALM modulates autophagy, and this may affect disease in a number of ways including modulation of tau turnover. PMID:25241929

Moreau, Kevin; Fleming, Angeleen; Imarisio, Sara; Lopez Ramirez, Ana; Mercer, Jacob L.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Maria; Bento, Carla F.; Puri, Claudia; Zavodszky, Eszter; Siddiqi, Farah; Lavau, Catherine P.; Betton, Maureen; O’Kane, Cahir J.; Wechsler, Daniel S.; Rubinsztein, David C.

2014-01-01

212

Structural Determinants of Tau Aggregation Inhibitor Potency*  

PubMed Central

Small-molecule Tau aggregation inhibitors are under investigation as potential therapeutic agents against Alzheimer disease. Many such inhibitors have been identified in vitro, but their potency-driving features, and their molecular targets in the Tau aggregation pathway, have resisted identification. Previously we proposed ligand polarizability, a measure of electron delocalization, as a candidate descriptor of inhibitor potency. Here we tested this hypothesis by correlating the ground state polarizabilities of cyanine, phenothiazine, and arylmethine derivatives calculated using ab initio quantum methods with inhibitory potency values determined in the presence of octadecyl sulfate inducer under reducing conditions. A series of rhodanine analogs was analyzed as well using potency values disclosed in the literature. Results showed that polarizability and inhibitory potency directly correlated within all four series. To identify putative binding targets, representative members of the four chemotypes were added to aggregation reactions, where they were found to stabilize soluble, but SDS-resistant Tau species at the expense of filamentous aggregates. Using SDS resistance as a secondary assay, and a library of Tau deletion and missense mutants as targets, interaction with cyanine was localized to the microtubule binding repeat region. Moreover, the SDS-resistant phenotype was completely dependent on the presence of octadecyl sulfate inducer, but not intact PHF6/PH6* hexapeptide motifs, indicating that cyanine interacted with a species in the aggregation pathway prior to nucleus formation. Together the data suggest that flat, highly polarizable ligands inhibit Tau aggregation by interacting with folded species in the aggregation pathway and driving their assembly into soluble but highly stable Tau oligomers. PMID:24072703

Schafer, Kelsey N.; Cisek, Katryna; Huseby, Carol J.; Chang, Edward; Kuret, Jeff

2013-01-01

213

Aminothienopyridazines and Methylene Blue Affect Tau Fibrillization via Cysteine Oxidation*  

PubMed Central

Alzheimer disease and several other neurodegenerative disorders are characterized by the accumulation of intraneuronal fibrils comprised of the protein Tau. Tau is normally a soluble protein that stabilizes microtubules, with splice isoforms that contain either three (3-R) or four (4-R) microtubule binding repeats. The formation of Tau fibrils is thought to result in neuronal damage, and inhibitors of Tau fibrillization may hold promise as therapeutic agents. The process of Tau fibrillization can be replicated in vitro, and a number of small molecules have been identified that inhibit Tau fibril formation. However, little is known about how these molecules affect Tau fibrillization. Here, we examined the mechanism by which the previously described aminothieno pyridazine (ATPZ) series of compounds inhibit Tau fibrillization. Active ATPZs were found to promote the oxidation of the two cysteine residues within 4-R Tau by a redox cycling mechanism, resulting in the formation of a disulfide-containing compact monomer that was refractory to fibrillization. Moreover, the ATPZs facilitated intermolecular disulfide formation between 3-R Tau monomers, leading to dimers that were capable of fibrillization. The ATPZs also caused cysteine oxidation in molecules unrelated to Tau. Interestingly, methylene blue, an inhibitor of Tau fibrillization under evaluation in Alzheimer disease clinical trials, caused a similar oxidation of cysteines in Tau and other molecules. These findings reveal that the ATPZs and methylene blue act by a mechanism that may affect their viability as potential therapeutic agents. PMID:23443659

Crowe, Alex; James, Michael J.; Lee, Virginia M.-Y.; Smith, Amos B.; Trojanowski, John Q.; Ballatore, Carlo; Brunden, Kurt R.

2013-01-01

214

Emission line variability of DR Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results of CCD observations of DR Tau which show emission line variability are presented. The time dependent variation of the H-beta line and its associated features observed on 1988 December 11 (upper part) and on December 12 (lower part) are illustrated. The present observations indicate that the time-dependent variation of DR Tau's emission line and the inverse P-Cygni absorption line cannot be readily explained by the simple models with gas contraction and gas ejection proposed in previous studies.

Isobe, Syuzo; Norimoto, Yuji; Kawakami, Hajime

215

Tau as a probe for new physics  

SciTech Connect

The usage of polarimetry and spin-correlation tests to determine the complete Lorenz structure of the tau lepton`s charged and neutral- current couplings is reviewed. The emphasis is on tests for ``something`` in a (V-A)+ ``something`` structure in J{sup charged} Lepton current, so as to bound the scales {lambda} for ``new physics`` such as arising from tau weak magnetism, weak electricity, and/or second-class currents. Tests for T and for CP violation are discussed.

Nelson, C.A.

1994-12-31

216

Microtubule-associated protein tau in bovine retinal photoreceptor rod outer segments: comparison with brain tau  

PubMed Central

Recent studies have suggested a possible involvement of abnormal tau in some retinal degenerative diseases. The common view in these studies is that these retinal diseases share the mechanism of tau-mediated degenerative diseases in brain and that information about these brain diseases may be directly applied to explain these retinal diseases. Here we collectively examine this view by revealing three basic characteristics of tau in the rod outer segment (ROS) of bovine retinal photoreceptors, i.e., its isoforms, its phosphorylation mode and its interaction with microtubules, and by comparing them with those of brain tau. We find that ROS contains at least four isoforms: three are identical to those in brain and one is unique in ROS. All ROS isoforms, like brain isoforms, are modified with multiple phosphate molecules; however, ROS isoforms show their own specific phosphorylation pattern, and these phosphorylation patterns appear not to be identical to those of brain tau. Interestingly, some ROS isoforms, under the normal conditions, are phosphorylated at the sites identical to those in Alzheimer’s patient isoforms. Surprisingly, a large portion of ROS isoforms tightly associates with a membranous component(s) other than microtubules, and this association is independent of their phosphorylation states. These observations strongly suggest that tau plays various roles in ROS and that some of these functions may not be comparable to those of brain tau. We believe that knowledge about tau in the entire retinal network and/or its individual cells are also essential for elucidation of tau-mediated retinal diseases, if any. PMID:23712071

Yamazaki, Akio; Nishizawa, Yuji; Matsuura, Isao; Hayashi, Fumio; Usukura, Jiro; Bondarenko, Vladimir A.

2013-01-01

217

A Search for supersymmetric Higgs bosons in the di-tau decay mode in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.8-TeV  

SciTech Connect

A search for direct production of Higgs bosons in the di-tau decay mode is performed with 86.3 {+-} 3.5 pb{sup -1} of data collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab during the 1994-1995 data taking period of the Tevatron. We search for events where one tau decays to an electron plus neutrinos and the other tau decays hadronically. We perform a counting experiment and set limits on the cross section for supersymmetric Higgs boson production where tan {beta} is large and m{sub A} is small. For a benchmark parameter space point where m{sub A{sup 0}} = 100 GeV/c{sup 2} and tan {beta} = 50, we limit the production cross section multiplied by the branching ratio to be less than 77.9 pb at the 95% confidence level compared to theoretically predicted value of 11.0 pb. This is the first search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs at a hadron collider.

Acosta, D.; Affolder, Anthony A.; Albrow, M.G.; Ambrose, D.; Amidei, D.; Anikeev, K.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; Bacchetta, N.; Bachacou, H.; Badgett, W.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V.E.; Barnett, B.A.; Baroiant, S.; Barone, M.; /Taiwan, Inst. Phys. /Argonne, PHY /INFN,

2005-06-01

218

Search for Pair Production of Scalar Top Quarks Decaying to a tau Lepton and a b Quark in ppbar Collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a search for pair production of scalar top quarks ({tilde t}{sub 1}) in an R-parity violating supersymmetric scenario using 322 pb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collected by the upgraded Collider Detector at Fermilab. We assume each {tilde t}{sub 1} decays into a {tau} lepton and a b quark with a branching ratio {beta}, and that the final state contains either an electron or a muon from a leptonic {tau} decay, a hadronically decaying {tau} lepton, and two or more jets. Two candidate events pass our final selection criteria, consistent with the expectation from standard model processes. We present upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio squared {sigma}({tilde t}{sub 1}{bar {tilde t}}{sub 1}) x {beta}{sup 2} as a function of the stop mass m({tilde t}{sub 1}). Assuming {beta} = 1, we set a 95% confidence level limit m({tilde t}{sub 1}) > 153 GeV=c{sup 2} obtained using a next-to-leading order cross section. These limits are also fully applicable to the case of a pair produced third generation scalar leptoquark decaying into a {tau} lepton and a b quark.

Brigliadori, L.; Zheng, Y.; Zucchelli, S.; /Taiwan, Inst. Phys. /Bologna U. /Argonne /Barcelona, IFAE /Baylor U., Math. Dept. /Bologna U. /Brandeis U. /UC, Davis /UCLA /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /Cantabria U., Santander /Carnegie Mellon U.

2008-02-01

219

Inhibition of tau filament formation by conformational modulation.  

PubMed

Antiaggregation drugs play an important role in therapeutic approaches for Alzheimer's disease. Although a large number of small molecules that inhibit the aggregation of the tau protein have been identified, little is known about their mode of action. Here, we reveal the mechanism and the nature of tau species that are generated by interaction of tau with the organic compound pthalocyanine tetrasulfonate (PcTS). We demonstrate that PcTS interferes with tau filament formation by targeting the protein into soluble oligomers. A combination of NMR spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance, and small-angle X-ray scattering reveals that the soluble tau oligomers contain a dynamic, noncooperatively stabilized core with a diameter of 30-40 nm that is distinct from the core of tau filaments. Our results suggest that specific modulation of the conformation of tau is a viable strategy for reduction of pathogenic tau deposits. PMID:23360400

Akoury, Elias; Gajda, Michal; Pickhardt, Marcus; Biernat, Jacek; Soraya, Pornsuwan; Griesinger, Christian; Mandelkow, Eckhard; Zweckstetter, Markus

2013-02-20

220

Cell-based Models To Investigate Tau Aggregation.  

PubMed

Accumulation of abnormal tau aggregates in neuron is an important pathological signature in multiple neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease. Tau is a neuron specific microtubule-associated protein that regulates microtubule stability, which is critical for axonal outgrowth and synaptic plasticity. In a pathological condition, tau dissociates from microtubules and forms insoluble aggregates called neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). The accumulation of NFTs in neuron directly correlates with microtubule dysfunction and neuronal degeneration. Due to the pathophysiological importance of tau, great efforts have been made to understand tau aggregation processes and find therapeutics to halt or reverse the processes. However, progress has been slow due to the lack of a suitable method for monitoring tau aggregation. In this mini-review, we will review the conventional methods for studying tau aggregation, and introduce recent cell-based sensor approaches that allow monitoring tau aggregation in living cells. PMID:25505502

Lim, Sungsu; Haque, Md Mamunul; Kim, Dohee; Kim, Dong Jin; Kim, Yun Kyung

2014-11-01

221

Tau Neutrino Appearance via Neutrino Oscillations in Atmospheric Neutrinos  

E-print Network

Tau Neutrino Appearance via Neutrino Oscillations in Atmospheric Neutrinos A Dissertation Presented of the Dissertation Tau Neutrino Appearance via Neutrino Oscillations in Atmospheric Neutrinos by Tokufumi Kato Doctor of Philosophy in Physics Stony Brook University 2007 A search for the appearance of tau neutrinos from µ

Tokyo, University of

222

Antisense Reduction of Tau in Adult Mice Protects against Seizures  

PubMed Central

Tau, a microtubule-associated protein, is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in regard to both neurofibrillary tangle formation and neuronal network hyperexcitability. The genetic ablation of tau substantially reduces hyperexcitability in AD mouse lines, induced seizure models, and genetic in vivo models of epilepsy. These data demonstrate that tau is an important regulator of network excitability. However, developmental compensation in the genetic tau knock-out line may account for the protective effect against seizures. To test the efficacy of a tau reducing therapy for disorders with a detrimental hyperexcitability profile in adult animals, we identified antisense oligonucleotides that selectively decrease endogenous tau expression throughout the entire mouse CNS—brain and spinal cord tissue, interstitial fluid, and CSF—while having no effect on baseline motor or cognitive behavior. In two chemically induced seizure models, mice with reduced tau protein had less severe seizures than control mice. Total tau protein levels and seizure severity were highly correlated, such that those mice with the most severe seizures also had the highest levels of tau. Our results demonstrate that endogenous tau is integral for regulating neuronal hyperexcitability in adult animals and suggest that an antisense oligonucleotide reduction of tau could benefit those with epilepsy and perhaps other disorders associated with tau-mediated neuronal hyperexcitability. PMID:23904623

DeVos, Sarah L.; Goncharoff, Dustin K.; Chen, Guo; Kebodeaux, Carey S.; Yamada, Kaoru; Stewart, Floy R.; Schuler, Dorothy R.; Maloney, Susan E.; Wozniak, David F.; Rigo, Frank; Bennett, C. Frank; Cirrito, John R.; Holtzman, David M.

2013-01-01

223

Tau Neutrino Astronomy in GeV Energies  

E-print Network

We point out the opportunity of the tau neutrino astronomy for the neutrino energy E ranging between 10 GeV and 10^3 GeV. In this energy range, the intrinsic tau neutrino production is suppressed relative to the intrinsic muon neutrino production. Any sizable tau neutrino flux may thus arise because of the \

H. Athar; F. -F. Lee; G. -L. Lin

2005-05-09

224

Phosphorylation of Tau by Fyn: Implications for Alzheimer's Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The abnormal phosphorylation of tau protein on serines and threonines is a hallmark characteristic of the neurofibrillary tangles of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The discovery that tau could be phosphorylated on tyrosine and evidence that A signal transduction involved tyrosine phosphorylation led us to question whether tyrosine phosphorylation of tau occurred during the neurodegenerative process. In this study we determined that

Gloria Lee; Ramasamy Thangavel; Vandana M. Sharma; Joel M. Litersky; Kiran Bhaskar; Sandy M. Fang; Lana H. Do; Athena Andreadis; Gary Van Hoesen; Hanna Ksiezak-Reding

2004-01-01

225

Microglia display modest phagocytic capacity for extracellular tau oligomers.  

PubMed

BackgroundAbnormal misfolded tau protein is a driving force of neurofibrillary degeneration in Alzheimer¿s disease. It has been shown that tau oligomers play a crucial role in the formation of intracellular neurofibrillary tangles. They are intermediates between soluble tau monomers and insoluble tau filaments and are suspected contributors to disease pathogenesis. Oligomeric tau can be released into the extracellular space and spread throughout the brain. This finding opens the question of whether brain macrophages or blood monocytes have the potential to phagocytose extracellular oligomeric tau.MethodsWe have used stable rat primary microglial cells, rat peripheral monocytes-derived macrophages, BV2 microglial and TIB67 macrophage immortalized cell lines that were challenged by tau oligomers prepared by an in vitro aggregation reaction. The efficiency of cells to phagocytose oligomeric protein was evaluated with confocal microscopy. The ability to degrade tau protein was analyzed by immunoblotting.ResultsConfocal microscopy analyses showed that macrophages were significantly more efficient in phagocytosing oligomerized tau proteins than microglial cells. In contrast to macrophages, microglia are able to degrade the internalized oligomeric tau only after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS).ConclusionsOur data suggests that microglia may not be the principal phagocytic cells able to target extracellular oligomeric tau. We found that peripheral macrophages display a high potency for elimination of oligomeric tau and therefore could play an important role in the modulation of neurofibrillary pathology in Alzheimer¿s disease. PMID:25217135

Majerova, Petra; Zilkova, Monika; Kazmerova, Zuzana; Kovac, Andrej; Paholikova, Kristina; Kovacech, Branislav; Zilka, Norbert; Novak, Michal

2014-09-13

226

Density of the Values Set of the Tau Function  

E-print Network

It is shown that the density of the values set {Tau(n): n > x/log x. The currently known density is #{Tau(n) : n > x^(1/2+o(1)), and the expected density is #{Tau(n) : n 2, which arises as a singular case of this analysis, is discussed within.

N. A. Carella

2014-04-10

227

On the origin of H2 in T Tau stars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Narrow-band spectrophotometric observations by Cohen (1975) revealed that the extremely young star HL Tau has an absorption feature at 3.1 microns well matched by extinction from pure solid grains of ice. This feature, which is not present in other, more involved T Tau stars, indicates that ice may occur only around the very youngest T Tau stars and that it

G. Strazzulla; V. Pirronello; G. Foti

1983-01-01

228

Abnormal Phosphorylation of the Microtubule-Associated Protein tau (Tau) in Alzheimer Cytoskeletal Pathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A monoclonal antibody to the microtubule-associated protein tau (tau) labeled some neurofibrillary tangles and plaque neurites, the two major locations of paired-helical filaments (PHF), in Alzheimer disease brain. The antibody also labeled isolated PHF that had been repeatedly washed with NaDodSO4. Dephosphorylation of the tissue sections with alkaline phosphatase prior to immunolabeling dramatically increased the number of tangles and plaques

Inge Grundke-Iqbal; Khalid Iqbal; Yunn-Chyn Tung; Maureen Quinlan; Henryk M. Wisniewski; Lester I. Binder

1986-01-01

229

Resolved Multifrequency Radio Observations of GG Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present subarcsecond resolution observations of continuum emission associated with the GG Tau quadruple star system at wavelengths of 1.3, 2.8, 7.3, and 50 mm. These data confirm that the GG Tau A binary is encircled by a circumbinary ring at a radius of 235 AU with a FWHM width of ~60 AU. We find no clear evidence for a radial gradient in the spectral shape of the ring, suggesting that the particle size distribution is spatially homogeneous on angular scales gsim0.''1. A central point source, likely associated with the primary component (GG Tau Aa), exhibits a composite spectrum from dust and free-free emission. Faint emission at 7.3 mm is observed toward the low-mass star GG Tau Ba, although its origin remains uncertain. Using these measurements of the resolved, multifrequency emission structure of the GG Tau A system, models of the far-infrared to radio spectrum are developed to place constraints on the grain size distribution and dust mass in the circumbinary ring. The non-negligible curvature present in the ring spectrum implies a maximum particle size of 1-10 mm, although we are unable to place strong constraints on the distribution shape. The corresponding dust mass is 30-300 M ?, at a temperature of 20-30 K. We discuss how this significant concentration of relatively large particles in a narrow ring at a large radius might be produced in a local region of higher gas pressures (i.e., a particle "trap") located near the inner edge of the circumbinary disk.

Andrews, Sean M.; Chandler, Claire J.; Isella, Andrea; Birnstiel, T.; Rosenfeld, K. A.; Wilner, D. J.; Pérez, L. M.; Ricci, L.; Carpenter, J. M.; Calvet, N.; Corder, S. A.; Deller, A. T.; Dullemond, C. P.; Greaves, J. S.; Harris, R. J.; Henning, Th.; Kwon, W.; Lazio, J.; Linz, H.; Mundy, L. G.; Sargent, A. I.; Storm, S.; Testi, L.

2014-06-01

230

Resolved Multifrequency Radio Observations of GG Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present sub-arcsecond resolution observations of continuum emission associated with the GG Tau quadruple star system at wavelengths of 1.3, 2.8, 7.3, and 50 mm. These data confirm that the GG Tau A binary is encircled by a narrow (FWHM of 60 AU) circumbinary ring centered at a radius of 235 AU. We find no evidence for a radial gradient in the ring spectrum, suggesting that the particle size distribution is spatially homogeneous. A central point source, likely associated with the primary component (GG Tau Aa), exhibits a composite spectrum from dust and free-free emission. Faint emission at 7.3 mm is observed toward the low-mass star GG Tau Ba, although its origin remains uncertain. Using these measurements of the resolved, multifrequency emission structure of the GG Tau A system, models of the far-infrared to radio spectrum are developed to place constraints on the grain size distribution and dust mass in the circumbinary ring. The non-negligible curvature present in the ring spectrum implies a maximum particle size of 1-10 mm, although we are unable to place strong constraints on the distribution shape. The corresponding dust mass is 30-300 earth masses, at a temperature of 20--30 K. We show how this significant concentration of relatively large particles in a narrow ring at a large radius might be produced in a local region of higher gas pressures (i.e., a particle "trap") located near the inner edge of the circumbinary disk.

Andrews, Sean M.; Chandler, Claire J.; Isella, Andrea; Birnstiel, Tilman; Rosenfeld, Katharine; Wilner, David J.; Perez, Laura M.; Ricci, Luca; Carpenter, John M.

2014-06-01

231

A Measurement of the charged-current interaction cross section of the tau neutrino  

SciTech Connect

The Fermilab experiment E872 (DONUT) was designed to make the first observation of the tau neutrino charged-current interaction. Using a hybrid emulsion-spectrometer detector, the tau lepton was identified by its single-prong or trident decay. Six interactions were observed, of which five were in the deep inelastic scattering region. These five interaction were used to measure the charged-current cross section of the tau neutrino. To minimize uncertainties, the tau neutrino cross section was measured relative to the electron neutrino cross section. The result {sigma}{sub {nu}{sub {tau}}N}{sup const}/{sigma}{sub {nu}{sub e}N}{sup const} = 0.77 {+-} 0.39 is consistent with 1.0, which is predicted by lepton universality. The tau neutrino cross section was also measured for 115 GeV neutrinos, which was the average energy of the interacted tau neutrinos. The result {sigma}{sub {nu}{sub {tau}}N}{sup exp} = 45 {+-} 21 x 10{sup -38} cm{sup 2} is consistent with the standard model prediction calculated in this thesis, {sigma}{sub {tau}N}{sup SM} = 48 {+-} 5 x 10{sup -38} cm{sup 2}.

Maher, Emily O'Connor; /Minnesota U.

2005-01-01

232

Intercellular transfer of tau aggregates and spreading of tau pathology: Implications for therapeutic strategies.  

PubMed

Filaments made of hyperphosphorylated tau protein are encountered in a group of neurodegenerative disorders termed tauopathies. The most prevalent tauopathy, Alzheimer's disease (AD), additionally presents with extracellular deposits of the amyloid-? peptide (A?). Current symptomatic treatments have shown short term benefits in reducing cognitive symptoms as well as behavioral abnormalities in patients with mild to moderate AD but there is still no effective treatment to prevent or reverse AD. For decades, the amyloid cascade hypothesis of AD dominated basic research and focused pharmaceutical interest on A?. However, the existence of tauopathies that are devoid of A? deposits, together with the discovery of mutations in the tau gene leading to frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17T), confirmed the importance of tau per se in disease. Tau became an interesting disease target in its own right. We will review here recent research on cell-to-cell propagation of tau pathology, which we believe to be central to disease progression, and discuss tau immunotherapy in the light of these findings. This article is part of the Special Issue entitled 'The Synaptic Basis of Neurodegenerative Disorders'. PMID:24050961

Clavaguera, Florence; Grueninger, Fiona; Tolnay, Markus

2014-01-01

233

Extensive p-tau pathology and SDS-stable p-tau oligomers in Alzheimer's cortical synapses.  

PubMed

Like amyloid beta (A?) oligomers, tau aggregates are increasingly recognized as potential key toxic intermediates in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and as therapeutic targets. P-tau co-localizes with A? in cortical AD synapses and may contribute to synapse dysfunction and loss. Flow cytometry analysis of synaptosomes from AD compared with aged cognitively normal cortex demonstrates increased immunolabeling for three p-tau antibodies (AT8, PHF-1 and pS422), indicating phosphorylation at multiple tau epitopes. Sequential extraction experiments show increased soluble p-tau in AD synapses, but a sizable pool of p-tau requires detergent solubilization, suggesting endosomal/lysosomal localization. P-tau is co-localized with A? in individual synaptosomes in dual labeling experiments, and flow cytometry sorting of A?-positive synaptosomes from an AD case reveals a marked enrichment of p-tau aggregates. The p-tau enrichment, a 76-fold increase over the initial homogenate, is consistent with sequestration of p-tau in internal synaptic compartments. Western analysis of a series of AD and normal cases shows SDS-stable tau oligomers in the dimer/trimer size range in AD samples. These results indicate that widespread synaptic p-tau pathology accompanies A? accumulations in surviving synaptic terminals, particularly in late-stage AD. PMID:22486774

Henkins, Kristen M; Sokolow, Sophie; Miller, Carol A; Vinters, Harry V; Poon, Wayne W; Cornwell, Lindsey B; Saing, Tommy; Gylys, Karen Hoppens

2012-11-01

234

Specific targeting of tau oligomers in Htau mice prevents cognitive impairment and tau toxicity following injection with brain-derived tau oligomeric seeds.  

PubMed

Neurodegenerative disease is one of the greatest health crises in the world and as life expectancy rises, the number of people affected will continue to increase. The most common neurodegenerative disease, Alzheimer's disease, is a tauopathy, characterized by the presence of aggregated tau, namely in the form of neurofibrillary tangles. Historically, neurofibrillary tangles have been considered the main tau species of interest in Alzheimer's disease; however, we and others have shown that tau oligomers may be the most toxic form and the species responsible for the spread of pathology. We developed a novel anti-tau oligomer-specific mouse monoclonal antibody (TOMA) and investigated the potential of anti-tau oligomer passive immunization in preventing the toxicity of tau pathology in Htau mice. We injected pure brain-derived tau oligomers intracerebrally in 3-month-old wild-type and Htau mice and investigated the protective effects of a single 60 ?g TOMA injection when compared to the same dose of non-specific IgG and found that TOMA conferred protection against the accumulation of tau oligomers and cognitive deficits for up to 1 month after treatment. Additionally, we injected pure brain-derived tau oligomers intracerebrally in 3-month-old wild-type and Htau mice and treated animals with biweekly injections of 60 ?g TOMA or non-specific IgG. We found that long-term administration of TOMA was effective as a preventative therapy, inhibiting oligomeric tau and preserving memory function. These results support the critical role of oligomeric tau in disease progression and validate tau oligomers as a potential drug target. PMID:24603946

Castillo-Carranza, Diana L; Gerson, Julia E; Sengupta, Urmi; Guerrero-Muñoz, Marcos J; Lasagna-Reeves, Cristian A; Kayed, Rakez

2014-01-01

235

The Disk around the Brown Dwarf KPNO Tau 3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present submillimeter observations of the young brown dwarfs KPNO Tau 1, KPNO Tau 3, and KPNO Tau 6 at 450 ?m and 850 ?m taken with the Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. KPNO Tau 3 and KPNO Tau 6 have been previously identified as Class II objects hosting accretion disks, whereas KPNO Tau 1 has been identified as a Class III object and shows no evidence of circumsubstellar material. Our 3? detection of cold dust around KPNO Tau 3 implies a total disk mass of (4.0 ± 1.1) × 10-4 M ? (assuming a gas to dust ratio of 100:1). We place tight constraints on any disks around KPNO Tau 1 or KPNO Tau 6 of <2.1 × 10-4 M ? and <2.7 × 10-4 M ?, respectively. Modeling the spectral energy distribution of KPNO Tau 3 and its disk suggests the disk properties (geometry, dust mass, and grain size distribution) are consistent with observations of other brown dwarf disks and low-mass T-Tauri stars. In particular, the disk-to-host mass ratio for KPNO Tau 3 is congruent with the scenario that at least some brown dwarfs form via the same mechanism as low-mass stars.

Broekhoven-Fiene, Hannah; Matthews, Brenda; Duchêne, Gaspard; Di Francesco, James; Scholz, Aleks; Chrysostomou, Antonio; Jayawardhana, Ray

2014-07-01

236

Tau Oligomers Impair Artificial Membrane Integrity and Cellular Viability*  

PubMed Central

The microtubule-associated protein Tau is mainly expressed in neurons, where it binds and stabilizes microtubules. In Alzheimer disease and other tauopathies, Tau protein has a reduced affinity toward microtubules. As a consequence, Tau protein detaches from microtubules and eventually aggregates into ?-sheet-containing filaments. The fibrillization of monomeric Tau to filaments is a multistep process that involves the formation of various aggregates, including spherical and protofibrillar oligomers. Previous concepts, primarily developed for A? and ?-synuclein, propose these oligomeric intermediates as the primary cytotoxic species mediating their deleterious effects through membrane permeabilization. In the present study, we thus analyzed whether this concept can also be applied to Tau protein. To this end, viability and membrane integrity were assessed on SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells and artificial phospholipid vesicles, treated with Tau monomers, Tau aggregation intermediates, or Tau fibrils. Our findings suggest that oligomeric Tau aggregation intermediates are the most toxic compounds of Tau fibrillogenesis, which effectively decrease cell viability and increase phospholipid vesicle leakage. Our data integrate Tau protein into the class of amyloidogenic proteins and enforce the hypothesis of a common toxicity-mediating mechanism for amyloidogenic proteins. PMID:23129775

Flach, Katharina; Hilbrich, Isabel; Schiffmann, Andrea; Gärtner, Ulrich; Krüger, Martin; Leonhardt, Marion; Waschipky, Hanka; Wick, Lukas; Arendt, Thomas; Holzer, Max

2012-01-01

237

Effects of 3-repeat tau on taxol mobility through microtubules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Both the anti-cancer drug taxol and the microtubule-associated protein tau suppress dynamics of microtubules (MT). We have observed taxol mobility with full-length 3-repeat tau, one of six tau isoforms, using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) on MTs and compare with earlier results on recombinant full-length adult 4-repeat tau. Taxol mobility becomes highly sensitive to taxol concentration in the presence of 3-repeat tau (up to 1:1 molar ratio) as it does in the presence of 4-repeat tau, but is 2 to 3 times faster at low taxol concentrations. Fitting to a mean-field binding reaction model [J.L. Ross et.al, PNAS 101:12910-5 (2004)] suggests that the presence of 3-repeat tau enhances taxol movement through pores in the MT walls.

Park, Hyunjoo; Fygenson, Deborah; Kim, Mahn Won

2005-03-01

238

Probing light pseudoscalar, axial vector states through {eta}{sub b}{yields}{tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we explore the decay {eta}{sub b}{yields}{tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} as a probe for a light pseudoscalar or a light axial vector state. We estimate the standard model branching ratio for this decay to be {approx}4x10{sup -9}. We show that considerably larger branching ratios, up to the present experimental limit of {approx}8%, are possible in models with a light pseudoscalar or a light axial vector state. As we do not include possible mixing effects between the light pseudoscalar and the {eta}{sub b}, our results should be reliable when the pseudoscalar mass is away from the {eta}{sub b} mass.

Rashed, Ahmed [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi, Lewis Hall, University, Mississippi, 38677 (United States); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, 11566 (Egypt); Duraisamy, Murugeswaran; Datta, Alakabha [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi, Lewis Hall, University, Mississippi, 38677 (United States)

2010-09-01

239

Search for the Higgs boson in lepton, tau and jets final states  

E-print Network

We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in final states with an electron or muon and a hadronically decaying tau lepton in association with two or more jets using 9.7 fb^{-1} of Run II Fermilab Tevatron Collider data collected with the D0 detector. The analysis is sensitive to Higgs boson production via gluon fusion, associated vector boson production, and vector boson fusion, followed by the Higgs boson decay to tau lepton pairs or to W boson pairs. The ratios of 95% C.L. upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio to those predicted by the standard model are obtained for orthogonal subsamples that are enriched in either H -> tau tau decays or H -> WW decays, and for the combination of these subsample limits. The observed and expected limit ratios for the combined subsamples at a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV are 11.3 and 9.0 respectively.

D0 Collaboration

2013-01-28

240

Ultra High Energy Particle Astronomy, Neutrino Masses and Tau Airshowers  

E-print Network

Ultra High Energy (UHE) neutrino Astronomy and relic Neutrino masses may play a key role in solving the Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray (UHECR) puzzle within the Z-Showering model. Tau air-shower originated by UHE neutrino in matter may probe and amplify this expected UHE neutrino Astronomy. The discover of upcoming and horizontal tau air-showers (UPTAUs, HORTAUs), born by UHE, nu_tau interacting inside mount chains or along Earth Crust crown masses at the Horizons edges, will greatly amplify the single UHE nu_tau track. Observing UPTAUs and HORTAUs along their line of showering, from higher balloons or satellites, at Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) energies above 10^19 eV, may test a calorimeter mass exceeding 150 km^3 (water equivalent). Observing Horizontal Shower by EUSO will probe even larger ring areas generated in huge terrestrial volumes larger than 2360 km^3. These highest GZK energies nu_tau astronomy are well tuned to test the needed abundant nu fluence in GZK Z-Showering model where ZeV (above 10^21 eV) Ultra High Energy neutrinos hit on relic light (near 0.1-3 eV masses) anti-neutrinos, in hot dark matter halos, creating boosted UHE Z bosons. Their nucleon decay in flight may born secondaries observed on Earth atmosphere as UHECR. The wide EUSO acceptance may test easily Z-showering fluxes as well as GZK neutrinos at their minimal granted fluence. The rare (78) observed upcoming terrestrial gamma flashes observed by BATSE satellite during last decade may be also be traces of such UPTAUs and HORTAUs.

D. Fargion; M. Khlopov; R. Konoplich; P. G. De Sanctis Lucentini; M. De Santis; B. Mele

2003-03-11

241

PE859, a Novel Tau Aggregation Inhibitor, Reduces Aggregated Tau and Prevents Onset and Progression of Neural Dysfunction In Vivo  

PubMed Central

In tauopathies, a neural microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) is abnormally aggregated and forms neurofibrillary tangle. Therefore, inhibition of the tau aggregation is one of the key approaches for the treatment of these diseases. Here, we have identified a novel tau aggregation inhibitor, PE859. An oral administration of PE859 resulted in the significant reduction of sarkosyl-insoluble aggregated tau along with the prevention of onset and progression of the motor dysfunction in JNPL3 P301L-mutated human tau transgenic mice. These results suggest that PE859 is useful for the treatment of tauopathies. PMID:25659102

Okuda, Michiaki; Hijikuro, Ichiro; Fujita, Yuki; Wu, Xiaofeng; Nakayama, Shinichi; Sakata, Yoko; Noguchi, Yuji; Ogo, Makoto; Akasofu, Shigeru; Ito, Yoshimasa; Soeda, Yoshiyuki; Tsuchiya, Nobuhiko; Tanaka, Naoki; Takahashi, Takashi; Sugimoto, Hachiro

2015-01-01

242

Characterization of tau oligomeric seeds in progressive supranuclear palsy  

PubMed Central

Background Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative tauopathy which is primarily defined by the deposition of tau into globose-type neurofibrillary tangles (NFT). Tau in its native form has important functions for microtubule dynamics. Tau undergoes alternative splicing in exons 2, 3, and 10 which results in six different isoforms. Products of splicing on exon 10 are the most prone to mutations. Three repeat (3R) and four repeat (4R) tau, like other disease-associated amyloids, can form oligomers which may then go on to further aggregate and form fibrils. Recent studies from our laboratory and others have provided evidence that tau oligomers, not NFTs, are the most toxic species in neurodegenerative tauopathies and seed the pathological spread of tau. Results Analysis of PSP brain sections revealed globose-type NFTs, as well as both phosphorylated and unphosphorylated tau oligomers. Analysis of PSP brains via Western blot and ELISA revealed the presence of increased levels of tau oligomers compared to age-matched control brains. Oligomers were immunoprecipitated from PSP brain and were capable of seeding the oligomerization of both 3R and 4R tau isoforms. Conclusions This is the first time tau oligomers have been characterized in PSP. These results indicate that tau oligomers are an important component of PSP pathology, along with NFTs. The ability of PSP brain-derived tau oligomers to seed 3R and 4R tau suggests that these oligomers represent the pathological species responsible for disease propagation and the presence of oligomers in a pure neurodegenerative tauopathy implies a common neuropathological process for tau seen in diseases with other amyloid proteins. PMID:24927818

2014-01-01

243

Modeling the Photopolarimetric Variability of AA Tau  

E-print Network

We present Monte Carlo scattered light models of a warped disk that reproduce the observed photopolarimetric variability of the classical T Tauri star AA Tau. For a system inclination of 75 deg and using an analytic description for a warped inner disk, we find that the shape and amplitude of the photopolarimetric variability are reproduced with a warp which occults the star, located at 0.07 au, amplitude 0.016 au, extending over radial and azimuthal ranges 0.0084 au and 145 deg. We also show a time sequence of high spatial resolution scattered light images, showing a dark shadow cast by the warp sweeping round the disk. Using a modified smooth particle hydrodynamics code, we find that a stellar dipole magnetic field of strength 5.2 kG, inclined at 30 deg to the stellar rotation axis can reproduce the required disk warping to explain AA Tau's photopolarimetric variability.

Mark O'Sullivan; Michael Truss; Christina Walker; Kenneth Wood; Owen Matthews; Barbara Whitney; J. E. Bjorkman

2005-01-24

244

Tau aggregation and its interplay with amyloid-?.  

PubMed

Neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques constitute the hallmark brain lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Tangles are composed of fibrillar aggregates of the microtubule-associated protein tau, and plaques comprise fibrillar forms of a proteolytic cleavage product, amyloid-? (A?). Although plaques and tangles are the end-stage lesions in AD, small oligomers of A? and tau are now receiving increased attention as they are shown to correlate best with neurotoxicity. One key question of debate, however, is which of these pathologies appears first and hence is upstream in the pathocascade. Studies suggest that there is an intense crosstalk between the two molecules and, based on work in animal models, there is increasing evidence that A?, at least in part, exerts its toxicity via tau, with the Src kinase Fyn playing a crucial role in this process. In other experimental paradigms, A? and tau have been found to exert both separate and synergistic modes of toxicity. The challenge, however, is to integrate these different scenarios into a coherent picture. Furthermore, the ability of therapeutic interventions targeting just one of these molecules, to successfully neutralize the toxicity of the other, needs to be ascertained to improve current therapeutic strategies, such as immunotherapy, for the treatment of AD. Although this article is not intended to provide a comprehensive review of the currently pursued therapeutic strategies, we will discuss what has been achieved by immunotherapy and, in particular, how the inherent limitations of this approach can possibly be overcome by novel strategies that involve single-chain antibodies. PMID:25492702

Nisbet, Rebecca M; Polanco, Juan-Carlos; Ittner, Lars M; Götz, Jürgen

2015-02-01

245

The Copernicus ultraviolet spectral atlas Tau Scorpii  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ultraviolet spectral atlas was presented for the B0 V star, Tau Scorpii. It was scanned from 949 to 1560 A by the Princeton spectrometer aboard the Copernicus satellite. From 949 to 1420 A the observations have a nominal resolution of 0.05 A. At the longer wavelengths, the resolution was 0.1 A. The atlas was presented in both tables and graphs.

Rogerson, J. B., Jr.; Upson, W. L., II

1977-01-01

246

Differential induction and spread of tau pathology in young PS19 tau transgenic mice following intracerebral injections of pathological tau from Alzheimer’s disease or corticobasal degeneration brains  

PubMed Central

Filamentous tau pathologies are hallmark lesions of several neurodegenerative tauopathies including Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD) which show cell type-specific and topographically distinct tau inclusions. Growing evidence supports templated transmission of tauopathies through functionally interconnected neuroanatomical pathways suggesting that different self-propagating strains of pathological tau could account for the diverse manifestations of neurodegenerative tauopathies. Here, we describe the rapid and distinct cell type-specific spread of pathological tau following intracerebral injections of CBD or AD brain extracts enriched in pathological tau (designated CBD-Tau and AD-Tau, respectively) in young human mutant P301S tau transgenic (Tg) mice (line PS19) ~6–9 months before they show onset of mutant tau transgene-induced tau pathology. At 1 month post-injection of CBD-Tau, tau inclusions developed predominantly in oligodendrocytes of the fimbria and white matter near the injection sites with infrequent intraneuronal tau aggregates. In contrast, injections of AD-Tau in young PS19 mice induced tau pathology predominantly in neuronal perikarya with little or no oligodendrocyte involvement 1 month post-injection. With longer post-injection survival intervals of up to 6 months, CBD-Tau- and AD-Tau-induced tau pathology spread to different brain regions distant from the injection sites while maintaining the cell type-specific pattern noted above. Finally, CA3 neuron loss was detected 3 months post-injection of AD-Tau but not CBD-Tau. Thus, AD-Tau and CBD-Tau represent specific pathological tau strains that spread differentially and may underlie distinct clinical and pathological features of these two tauopathies. Hence, these strains could become targets to develop disease-modifying therapies for CBD and AD. PMID:25534024

Boluda, Susana; Iba, Michiyo; Zhang, Bin; Raible, Kevin M.; Lee, Virginia M-Y.; Trojanowski, John Q.

2015-01-01

247

Observation of the Tau Neutrino  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The neutrino was the last standard-model fermion to be directly observed. We report on the strategy, design, and results of the DONuT experiment. The data were acquired at Fermilab during 1997, and in July 2000, the DONuT collaboration presented four -neutrino interactions. Modern nuclear-emulsion processing was the key technology that made it possible to detect the decay of leptons produced in charged-current interactions of neutrinos. The precision of the emulsion data and the speed of digitization enabled the use of novel methods to locate interaction vertices and search for decays in emulsion data. We also discuss the level of background in the signal, which is small enough to permit the identification of individual events with high confidence.

Lundberg, B.; Niwa, K.; Paolone, V.

2003-12-01

248

Single-molecule tracking of tau reveals fast kiss-and-hop interaction with microtubules in living neurons.  

PubMed

The microtubule-associated phosphoprotein tau regulates microtubule dynamics and is involved in neurodegenerative diseases collectively called tauopathies. It is generally believed that the vast majority of tau molecules decorate axonal microtubules, thereby stabilizing them. However, it is an open question how tau can regulate microtubule dynamics without impeding microtubule-dependent transport and how tau is also available for interactions other than those with microtubules. Here we address this apparent paradox by fast single-molecule tracking of tau in living neurons and Monte Carlo simulations of tau dynamics. We find that tau dwells on a single microtubule for an unexpectedly short time of ?40 ms before it hops to the next. This dwell time is 100-fold shorter than previously reported by ensemble measurements. Furthermore, we observed by quantitative imaging using fluorescence decay after photoactivation recordings of photoactivatable GFP-tagged tubulin that, despite this rapid dynamics, tau is capable of regulating the tubulin-microtubule balance. This indicates that tau's dwell time on microtubules is sufficiently long to influence the lifetime of a tubulin subunit in a GTP cap. Our data imply a novel kiss-and-hop mechanism by which tau promotes neuronal microtubule assembly. The rapid kiss-and-hop interaction explains why tau, although binding to microtubules, does not interfere with axonal transport. PMID:25165145

Janning, Dennis; Igaev, Maxim; Sündermann, Frederik; Brühmann, Jörg; Beutel, Oliver; Heinisch, Jürgen J; Bakota, Lidia; Piehler, Jacob; Junge, Wolfgang; Brandt, Roland

2014-11-01

249

Single-molecule tracking of tau reveals fast kiss-and-hop interaction with microtubules in living neurons  

PubMed Central

The microtubule-associated phosphoprotein tau regulates microtubule dynamics and is involved in neurodegenerative diseases collectively called tauopathies. It is generally believed that the vast majority of tau molecules decorate axonal microtubules, thereby stabilizing them. However, it is an open question how tau can regulate microtubule dynamics without impeding microtubule-dependent transport and how tau is also available for interactions other than those with microtubules. Here we address this apparent paradox by fast single-molecule tracking of tau in living neurons and Monte Carlo simulations of tau dynamics. We find that tau dwells on a single microtubule for an unexpectedly short time of ?40 ms before it hops to the next. This dwell time is 100-fold shorter than previously reported by ensemble measurements. Furthermore, we observed by quantitative imaging using fluorescence decay after photoactivation recordings of photoactivatable GFP–tagged tubulin that, despite this rapid dynamics, tau is capable of regulating the tubulin–microtubule balance. This indicates that tau's dwell time on microtubules is sufficiently long to influence the lifetime of a tubulin subunit in a GTP cap. Our data imply a novel kiss-and-hop mechanism by which tau promotes neuronal microtubule assembly. The rapid kiss-and-hop interaction explains why tau, although binding to microtubules, does not interfere with axonal transport. PMID:25165145

Janning, Dennis; Igaev, Maxim; Sündermann, Frederik; Brühmann, Jörg; Beutel, Oliver; Heinisch, Jürgen J.; Bakota, Lidia; Piehler, Jacob; Junge, Wolfgang; Brandt, Roland

2014-01-01

250

The disk around the brown dwarf KPNO Tau 3  

E-print Network

We present submillimeter observations of the young brown dwarfs KPNO Tau 1, KPNO Tau 3, and KPNO Tau 6 at 450 micron and 850 micron taken with the Submillimeter Common-User Bolometer Array on the James Clerke Maxwell Telescope. KPNO Tau 3 and KPNO Tau 6 have been previously identified as Class II objects hosting accretion disks, whereas KPNO Tau 1 has been identified as a Class III object and shows no evidence of circumsubstellar material. Our 3 sigma detection of cold dust around KPNO Tau 3 implies a total disk mass of (4.0 +/- 1.1) x 10^{-4} Msolar (assuming a gas to dust ratio of 100:1). We place tight constraints on any disks around KPNO Tau 1 or KPNO Tau 6 of <2.1 x 10^{-4} Msolar and <2.7 x 10^{-4} Msolar, respectively. Modeling the spectral energy distribution of KPNO Tau 3 and its disk suggests the disk properties (geometry, dust mass, and grain size distribution) are consistent with observations of other brown dwarf disks and low-mass T-Tauri stars. In particular, the disk-to-host mass ratio fo...

Broekhoven-Fiene, Hannah; Duchene, Gaspard; Di Francesco, James; Scholz, Aleks; Chrysostomou, Antonio; Jayawardhana, Ray

2014-01-01

251

Abnormally phosphorylated tau in SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells.  

PubMed

In Alzheimer disease (AD) the microtubule associated protein (MAP) tau is hyperphosphorylated at several sites. In the present study, like AD tau, tau in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y was found to be hyperphosphorylated, at Ser-199/202, Thr-231, Ser-396 and Ser-404. However, in contrast to AD, the tau in SY5Y cells was not hyperphosphorylated at Ser-235 and there was only one tau isoform. Quantitative analysis revealed that approximately 80% of the SY5Y-tau was phosphorylated at Ser-199/202. The phosphorylated tau was deposited in perikarya and processes of the cells whereas most of the unphosphorylated (at Ser-199/202) tau was localized in the nucleus. Tau from the cell lysates did not bind to taxol-stabilized microtubules. In contrast, MAP1b and MAP2 from cell lysates bound to stabilized microtubules in vitro and were associated to the microtubule network in situ. Phosphorylation of tau at high levels, its inactivity with microtubules and its accumulation in SY5Y cells provide for the first time a cell model of cytoskeletal changes seen in AD. PMID:7875300

Tanaka, T; Iqbal, K; Trenkner, E; Liu, D J; Grundke-Iqbal, I

1995-02-20

252

Dopamine D2 Receptor antagonism suppresses tau aggregation and neurotoxicity  

PubMed Central

Background Tauopathies, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia, are diseases characterized by the formation of pathological tau protein aggregates in the brain and progressive neurodegeneration. Presently no effective disease modifying treatments exist for tauopathies. Methods To identify drugs targeting tau neurotoxicity, we have used a C. elegans model of tauopathy to screen a drug library containing 1120 compounds approved for human use for the ability to suppress tau-induced behavioral effects. Results One compound, the typical antipsychotic azaperone, improved the motility of tau transgenic worms, reduced levels of insoluble tau, and was protective against neurodegeneration. We found that azaperone reduces insoluble tau in a human cell culture model of tau aggregation, and that other antipsychotic drugs (flupenthixol, perphenazine, and zotepine) also ameliorate the effects of tau expression in both models. Conclusions Reduction of dopamine signaling through the dopamine D2 receptor with the use of gene knockouts in C. elegans or RNAi knockdown in human cell culture have similar protective effects against tau toxicity. These results suggest dopamine D2 receptor antagonism holds promise as a potential neuroprotective strategy for targeting tau aggregation and neurotoxicity. PMID:23140663

McCormick, Allyson V.; Wheeler, Jeanna M.; Guthrie, Chris R.; Liachko, Nicole F.; Kraemer, Brian C.

2012-01-01

253

Search for neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in association with b quarks in pp collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV.  

PubMed

We report results from a search for neutral Higgs bosons produced in association with b quarks using data recorded by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 fb(-1). This production mode can be enhanced in several extensions of the standard model (SM) such as in its minimal supersymmetric extension (MSSM) at high tan?. We search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs with one tau decaying to a muon and neutrinos and the other to hadrons. The data are found to be consistent with SM expectations, and we set upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio in the Higgs boson mass range from 90 to 320 GeV/c(2). We interpret our result in the MSSM parameter space, excluding tan? values down to 25 for Higgs boson masses below 170 GeV/c(2). PMID:22026764

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Aoki, M; Arov, M; Askew, A; Åsman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; BackusMayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bazterra, V; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brandt, O; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Brown, J; Bu, X B; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calpas, B; Camacho-Pérez, E; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Chen, G; Chevalier-Théry, S; Cho, D K; Cho, S W; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Croc, A; Cutts, D; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Deterre, C; DeVaughan, K; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Ding, P F; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fuess, S; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geng, W; Gerbaudo, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Ginther, G; Golovanov, G; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guillemin, T; Guo, F; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Head, T; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegab, H; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De La Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Ilchenko, Y; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jamin, D; Jayasinghe, A; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Joshi, J; Jung, A W; Juste, A; Kaadze, K; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Kirby, M H; Kohli, J M; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kulikov, S; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kur?a, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, H S; Lee, S W; Lee, W M; Lellouch, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Lopes de Sa, R; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Madar, R; Magaña-Villalba, R; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martínez-Ortega, J; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Miconi, F; Mondal, N K; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Nayyar, R; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Orduna, J; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otero y Garzón, G J; Padilla, M; Pal, A; Parashar, N; Parihar, V; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Petridis, K; Petrillo, G; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; Prewitt, M; Price, D; Prokopenko, N; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Razumov, I; Renkel, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Rominsky, M; Ross, A; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Salcido, P; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Santos, A S; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Simak, V; Sirotenko, V; Skubic, P; Slattery, P; Smirnov, D; Smith, K J; Snow, G R; Snow, J; Snyder, S; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sonnenschein, L; Soustruznik, K; Stark, J; Stolin, V; Stoyanova, D A; Strauss, M; Strom, D; Stutte, L; Suter, L; Svoisky, P; Takahashi, M; Tanasijczuk, A; Taylor, W; Titov, M; Tokmenin, V V; Tsai, Y-T; Tschann-Grimm, K; Tsybychev, D; Tuchming, B; Tully, C; Uvarov, L; Uvarov, S; Uzunyan, S; Van Kooten, R; van Leeuwen, W M; Varelas, N; Varnes, E W; Vasilyev, I A; Verdier, P; Vertogradov, L S; Verzocchi, M; Vesterinen, M; Vilanova, D; Vokac, P; Wahl, H D

2011-09-16

254

Search for Higgs bosons predicted in two-Higgs-doublet models via decays to tau lepton pairs in 1.96-TeV p anti-p collisions  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a search for Higgs bosons predicted in two-Higgs-doublet models, in the case where the Higgs bosons decay to tau lepton pairs, using 1.8 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity of p{bar p} collisions recorded by the CDF II experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. Studying the mass distribution in events where one or both tau leptons decay leptonically, no evidence for a Higgs boson signal is observed. The result is used to infer exclusion limits in the two-dimensional space of tan {beta} versus m{sub A} (the ratio of the vaccum expectation values of the two Higgs doublets and the mass of the pseudoscalar boson, respectively).

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Adelman, Jahred A.; /Chicago U., EFI; Akimoto, T.; /Tsukuba U.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, Dante E.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, Alberto; /Frascati; Antos, Jaroslav; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U. /Waseda U.

2009-06-01

255

The CDF-II tau physics program triggers, tau ID and preliminary results  

SciTech Connect

The study of processes containing {tau} leptons in the final state will play an important role at Tevatron Run II. Such final states will be relevant both for electroweak studies and measurements as well as in searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. The present paper discusses the physics opportunities and challenges related to the implementation of new set of triggers able to select events containing tau candidates in the final state. They illustrate, in particular, the physics capabilities for a variety of new physics scenarios such as supersymmetry (SUSY), SUSY with Rp-parity violation, with Bilinear parity violation or models with the violation of lepton flavor. Finally, they present the first Run II results obtained using some of the described tau triggers.

C. Pagliarone et al.

2003-11-03

256

UV and optical spectrum variability of T Tau and RY Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this report we have presented results of spectral observations of classical T Tauri type stars T Tau and RY Tau. Observational dates were obtained from following sources: spectrograms of the UV range from the IUE archive data, and spectrograms of the visual range obtained in the 2 m telescope of ShAO of the NAS of Azerbaijan (Ismailov et al. 2010). For both of stars on the Scargle method we have searched a periodicity of variations in equivalent widths of emission lines in the optical and UV ranges. In the RY Tau firstly was detected the periodic variability in MgII ?2800 Å emission doublet intensities with a period of 23 days. The observed period had also revealed with the equivalent widths and displacements of components of H? and H+H? and K CaII emission.

Ismailov, N. Z.; Quliyev, N. Kh.; Khalilov, O. V.; Adigezalzade, H. N.

2013-03-01

257

Two nucleon (B - L)-conserving reactions involving tau leptons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tau lepton emission in two-nucleon disappearance reactions from within nuclei which conserve baryon number minus lepton number (B - L) is considered. It is shown that some existing limits on proton decay channels and two-nucleon disappearance reactions resulting in electrons and muons can be applied to ?B=?L=2 decays involving ? leptons. For the two-nucleon disappearance channel np??+?bar? the estimated limit for the partial mean life is ?/Br >1×1030 yrs based on results from the IMB3 experiment. Re-analysis of existing data and future experiments could result in higher sensitivity for two-nucleon disappearance modes involving ? lepton final states.

Bryman, Douglas

2014-06-01

258

Measurement of the top quark pair cross section with ATLAS in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV using final states with an electron or a muon and a hadronically decaying tau lepton  

Microsoft Academic Search

A measurement of the cross section of top quark pair production in proton-proton collisions recorded with the ATLAS detector at the LHC at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is reported. The data sample used corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.05 fb^-1. Events with an isolated electron or muon and a tau lepton decaying hadronically are used. In addition,

Georges Aad; Brad Abbott; Jalal Abdallah; Samah Abdel Khalek; Ahmed Ali Abdelalim; Ovsat Abdinov; Babak Abi; Maris Abolins; Ossama AbouZeid; Halina Abramowicz; Henso Abreu; Emilio Acerbi; Bobby Samir Acharya; Leszek Adamczyk; David Adams; Tetteh Addy; Jahred Adelman; Stefanie Adomeit; Paolo Adragna; Tim Adye; Scott Aefsky; Juan Antonio Aguilar-Saavedra; Mohamed Aharrouche; Steven Ahlen; Florian Ahles; Ashfaq Ahmad; Mahsana Ahsan; Giulio Aielli; Taylan Akdogan; Torsten Paul Ake ?kesson; Ginga Akimoto; Andrei Akimov; Kunihiro Akiyama; Mohammad Alam; Muhammad Aftab Alam; Justin Albert; Solveig Albrand; Martin Aleksa; Igor Aleksandrov; Franco Alessandria; Calin Alexa; Gideon Alexander; Gauthier Alexandre; Theodoros Alexopoulos; Muhammad Alhroob; Malik Aliev; Gianluca Alimonti; John Alison; Benedict Allbrooke; Phillip Allport; Sarah Allwood-Spiers; John Almond; Alberto Aloisio; Raz Alon; Alejandro Alonso; Barbara Alvarez Gonzalez; Mariagrazia Alviggi; Katsuya Amako; Christoph Amelung; Vladimir Ammosov; Antonio Amorim; Gabriel Amorós; Nir Amram; Christos Anastopoulos; Lucian Stefan Ancu; Nansi Andari; Timothy Andeen; Christoph Falk Anders; Gabriel Anders; Kelby Anderson; Attilio Andreazza; George Victor Andrei; Xabier Anduaga; Philipp Anger; Aaron Angerami; Francis Anghinolfi; Alexey Anisenkov; Nuno Anjos; Alberto Annovi; Ariadni Antonaki; Mario Antonelli; Alexey Antonov; Jaroslav Antos; Fabio Anulli; Sahar Aoun; Ludovica Aperio Bella; Rudi Apolle; Giorgi Arabidze; Ignacio Aracena; Yasuo Arai; Ayana Arce; Samir Arfaoui; Jean-Francois Arguin; Engin Arik; Metin Arik; Aaron James Armbruster; Olivier Arnaez; Vanessa Arnal; Christian Arnault; Andrei Artamonov; Giacomo Artoni; David Arutinov; Shoji Asai; Ruslan Asfandiyarov; Stefan Ask; Barbro ?sman; Lily Asquith; Ketevi Assamagan; Alan Astbury; Bernard Aubert; Etienne Auge; Kamil Augsten; Mathieu Aurousseau; Giuseppe Avolio; Rachel Maria Avramidou; David Axen; Georges Azuelos; Yuya Azuma; Max Baak; Giuseppe Baccaglioni; Cesare Bacci; Andre Bach; Henri Bachacou; Konstantinos Bachas; Moritz Backes; Malte Backhaus; Elisabeta Badescu; Paolo Bagnaia; Seema Bahinipati; Yu Bai; David Bailey; Travis Bain; John Baines; Oliver Keith Baker; Mark Baker; Sarah Baker; Elzbieta Banas; Piyali Banerjee; Swagato Banerjee; Danilo Banfi; Andrea Michelle Bangert; Vikas Bansal; Hardeep Singh Bansil; Liron Barak; Sergei Baranov; Angela Barbaro Galtieri; Tom Barber; Elisabetta Luigia Barberio; Dario Barberis; Marlon Barbero; Dmitri Bardin; Teresa Barillari; Marcello Barisonzi; Timothy Barklow; Nick Barlow; Bruce Barnett; Michael Barnett; Antonio Baroncelli; Gaetano Barone; Alan Barr; Fernando Barreiro; João Barreiro Guimarães da Costa; Pierre Barrillon; Rainer Bartoldus; Adam Edward Barton; Valeria Bartsch; Richard Bates; Lucia Batkova; Richard Batley; Andreas Battaglia; Michele Battistin; Florian Bauer; Harinder Singh Bawa; Steven Beale; Tristan Beau; Pierre-Hugues Beauchemin; Roberto Beccherle; Philip Bechtle; Hans Peter Beck; Anne Kathrin Becker; Sebastian Becker; Matthew Beckingham; Karl-Heinz Becks; Andrew Beddall; Ayda Beddall; Sourpouhi Bedikian; Vadim Bednyakov; Christopher Bee; Michael Begel; Silvia Behar Harpaz; Prafulla Behera; Michael Beimforde; Camille Belanger-Champagne; Paul Bell; William Bell; Gideon Bella; Lorenzo Bellagamba; Francesco Bellina; Massimiliano Bellomo; Alberto Belloni; Olga Beloborodova; Konstantin Belotskiy; Olga Beltramello; Odette Benary; Driss Benchekroun; Katarina Bendtz; Nektarios Benekos; Yan Benhammou; Eleonora Benhar Noccioli; Jorge-Armando Benitez Garcia; Douglas Benjamin; Mathieu Benoit; James Bensinger; Kamal Benslama; Stan Bentvelsen; David Berge; Elin Bergeaas Kuutmann; Nicolas Berger; Frank Berghaus; Elina Berglund; Jürg Beringer; Pauline Bernat; Ralf Bernhard; Catrin Bernius; Tracey Berry; Claudia Bertella; Antonio Bertin; Federico Bertolucci; Maria Ilaria Besana; Nathalie Besson; Siegfried Bethke; Wahid Bhimji; Riccardo-Maria Bianchi; Michele Bianco; Otmar Biebel; Stephen Paul Bieniek; Katharina Bierwagen; Jed Biesiada; Michela Biglietti; Halina Bilokon; Marcello Bindi; Sebastien Binet; Ahmet Bingul; Cesare Bini; Catherine Biscarat; Urban Bitenc; Kevin Black; Robert Blair; Jean-Baptiste Blanchard; Georges Blanchot; Tomas Blazek; Craig Blocker; Jacek Blocki; Alain Blondel; Walter Blum; Ulrike Blumenschein; Gerjan Bobbink; Victor Bobrovnikov; Simona Serena Bocchetta; Andrea Bocci; Christopher Richard Boddy; Michael Boehler; Jennifer Boek; Nele Boelaert; Joannes Andreas Bogaerts; Alexander Bogdanchikov; Andrei Bogouch; Christian Bohm; Jan Bohm; Veronique Boisvert; Tomasz Bold

2012-01-01

259

First-in-man tau vaccine targeting structural determinants essential for pathological tau–tau interaction reduces tau oligomerisation and neurofibrillary degeneration in an Alzheimer’s disease model  

PubMed Central

Introduction We have identified structural determinants on tau protein that are essential for pathological tau–tau interaction in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). These regulatory domains, revealed by monoclonal antibody DC8E8, represent a novel target for tau-directed therapy. In order to validate this target, we have developed an active vaccine, AADvac1. Methods A tau peptide encompassing the epitope revealed by DC8E8 was selected for the development of an active vaccine targeting structural determinants on mis-disordered tau protein that are essential for pathological tau–tau interaction. The efficacy of the vaccine was tested in a transgenic rat model of human tauopathies. Toxicology and safety pharmacology studies were conducted under good laboratory practice conditions in multiple rodent and nonrodent species. Results We have administered the tau peptide vaccine to a rat model of AD to investigate whether the vaccine can improve its clinical, histopathological and biochemical AD phenotype. Our results show that vaccination induced a robust protective humoral immune response, with antibodies discriminating between pathological and physiological tau. Active immunotherapy reduced the levels of tau oligomers and the extent of neurofibrillary pathology in the brains of transgenic rats. Strikingly, immunotherapy has reduced AD-type hyperphosphorylation of tau by approximately 95%. Also, the tau peptide vaccine improved the clinical phenotype of transgenic animals. Toxicology and safety pharmacology studies showed an excellent safety and tolerability profile of the AADvac1 vaccine. Conclusions Active immunisation targeting crucial domains of Alzheimer tau eliminated tau aggregation and neurofibrillary pathology. Most importantly, the AD type of tau hyperphosphorylation was abolished by vaccination across a wide range of AD phospho-epitopes. Our results demonstrate that active immunisation led to elimination of all major hallmarks of neurofibrillary pathology, which was reflected by a profound improvement in the clinical presentation of transgenic rats. This makes the investigated tau peptide vaccine a highly promising candidate therapeutic for the disease-modifying treatment of AD. The tested vaccine displayed a highly favourable safety profile in preclinical toxicity studies, which opens up the possibility of using it for AD prophylaxis in the future. The vaccine has already entered phase I clinical trial under the name AADvac1. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials NCT01850238. Registered 7 May 2013. PMID:25478017

2014-01-01

260

Tau as a therapeutic target in neurodegenerative disease  

PubMed Central

Tau is a microtubule-associated protein thought to help modulate the stability of neuronal microtubules. In tauopathies, including Alzheimer’s disease and several frontotemporal dementias, tau is abnormally modified and misfolded resulting in its disassociation from microtubules and the generation of pathological lesions characteristic for each disease. A recent surge in the population of people with neurodegenerative tauopathies has highlighted the immense need for disease-modifying therapies for these conditions, and new attention has focused on tau as a potential target for intervention. In the current work we summarize evidence linking tau to disease pathogenesis and review recent therapeutic approaches aimed at ameliorating tau dysfunction. The primary therapeutic tactics considered include kinase inhibitors and phosphatase activators, immunotherapies, small molecule inhibitors of protein aggregation, and microtubule-stabilizing agents. Although the evidence for tau-based treatments is encouraging, additional work is undoubtedly needed to optimize each treatment strategy for the successful development of safe and effective therapeutics. PMID:22790092

Himmelstein, Diana S.; Ward, Sarah M.; Lancia, Jody K.; Patterson, Kristina R.

2013-01-01

261

Tau contributions to muon/electron events at a neutrino factory  

SciTech Connect

The oscillation of the muon and electron neutrinos (anti-neutrinos) to tau neutrinos (anti-neutrinos) adds to the muon and electron events sample (both right sign and wrong sign) via leptonic decays of the taus produced through charge current interactions in the detector. We focus on how this contribution affects a precision measurement of the atmospheric mixing parameters and the deviation of v{sub {mu}} {r_reversible} v{sub {tau}} mixing from maximality. We also comment on the tau contamination in the golden and platinum channels.

Sinha, Nita [Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai 600 113 (India)

2011-10-06

262

Evidence for the Higgs-boson Yukawa coupling to tau leptons with the ATLAS detector  

E-print Network

Results of a search for $H \\to \\tau \\tau$ decays are presented, based on the full set of proton--proton collision data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC during 2011 and 2012. The data correspond to integrated luminosities of 4.5 $\\rm{fb}^{-1}$ and 20.3 $\\rm{fb}^{-1}$ at centre-of-mass energies of $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV and $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV respectively. All combinations of leptonic ($\\tau \\to \\ell \

Aad, Georges; ATLAS Collaboration; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdel Khalek, Samah; Abdinov, Ovsat; Aben, Rosemarie; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; AbouZeid, Ossama; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Abreu, Ricardo; Abulaiti, Yiming; Acharya, Bobby Samir; Adamczyk, Leszek; Adams, David; Adelman, Jahred; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adye, Tim; Agatonovic-Jovin, Tatjana; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Agustoni, Marco; Ahlen, Steven; Ahmadov, Faig; Aielli, Giulio; Akerstedt, Henrik; Åkesson, Torsten Paul Ake; Akimoto, Ginga; Akimov, Andrei; Alberghi, Gian Luigi; Albert, Justin; Albrand, Solveig; Alconada Verzini, Maria Josefina; Aleksa, Martin; Aleksandrov, Igor; Alexa, Calin; Alexander, Gideon; Alexandre, Gauthier; Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Alhroob, Muhammad; Alimonti, Gianluca; Alio, Lion; Alison, John; Allbrooke, Benedict; Allison, Lee John; Allport, Phillip; Aloisio, Alberto; Alonso, Alejandro; Alonso, Francisco; Alpigiani, Cristiano; Altheimer, Andrew David; Alvarez Gonzalez, Barbara; ?lvarez Piqueras, Damián; Alviggi, Mariagrazia; Amako, Katsuya; Amaral Coutinho, Yara; Amelung, Christoph; Amidei, Dante; Amor Dos Santos, Susana Patricia; Amorim, Antonio; Amoroso, Simone; Amram, Nir; Amundsen, Glenn; Anastopoulos, Christos; Ancu, Lucian Stefan; Andari, Nansi; Andeen, Timothy; Anders, Christoph Falk; Anders, Gabriel; Anderson, Kelby; Andreazza, Attilio; Andrei, George Victor; Anduaga, Xabier; Angelidakis, Stylianos; Angelozzi, Ivan; Anger, Philipp; Angerami, Aaron; Anghinolfi, Francis; Anisenkov, Alexey; Anjos, Nuno; Annovi, Alberto; Antonelli, Mario; Antonov, Alexey; Antos, Jaroslav; Anulli, Fabio; Aoki, Masato; Aperio Bella, Ludovica; Arabidze, Giorgi; Arai, Yasuo; Araque, Juan Pedro; Arce, Ayana; Arduh, Francisco Anuar; Arguin, Jean-Francois; Argyropoulos, Spyridon; Arik, Metin; Armbruster, Aaron James; Arnaez, Olivier; Arnal, Vanessa; Arnold, Hannah; Arratia, Miguel; Arslan, Ozan; Artamonov, Andrei; Artoni, Giacomo; Asai, Shoji; Asbah, Nedaa; Ashkenazi, Adi; Åsman, Barbro; Asquith, Lily; Assamagan, Ketevi; Astalos, Robert; Atkinson, Markus; Atlay, Naim Bora; Auerbach, Benjamin; Augsten, Kamil; Aurousseau, Mathieu; Avolio, Giuseppe; Axen, Bradley; Azuelos, Georges; Azuma, Yuya; Baak, Max; Baas, Alessandra; Bacci, Cesare; Bachacou, Henri; Bachas, Konstantinos; Backes, Moritz; Backhaus, Malte; Badescu, Elisabeta; Bagiacchi, Paolo; Bagnaia, Paolo; Bai, Yu; Bain, Travis; Baines, John; Baker, Oliver Keith; Balek, Petr; Balli, Fabrice; Banas, Elzbieta; Banerjee, Swagato; Bannoura, Arwa A E; Bansil, Hardeep Singh; Barak, Liron; Baranov, Sergei; Barberio, Elisabetta Luigia; Barberis, Dario; Barbero, Marlon; Barillari, Teresa; Barisonzi, Marcello; Barklow, Timothy; Barlow, Nick; Barnes, Sarah Louise; Barnett, Bruce; Barnett, Michael; Barnovska, Zuzana; Baroncelli, Antonio; Barone, Gaetano; Barr, Alan; Barreiro, Fernando; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, João; Bartoldus, Rainer; Barton, Adam Edward; Bartos, Pavol; Bartsch, Valeria; Bassalat, Ahmed; Basye, Austin; Bates, Richard; Batista, Santiago Juan; Batley, Richard; Battaglia, Marco; Battistin, Michele; Bauer, Florian; Bawa, Harinder Singh; Beacham, James Baker; Beattie, Michael David; Beau, Tristan; Beauchemin, Pierre-Hugues; Beccherle, Roberto; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Hans Peter; Becker, Anne Kathrin; Becker, Sebastian; Beckingham, Matthew; Becot, Cyril; Beddall, Andrew; Beddall, Ayda; Bedikian, Sourpouhi; Bednyakov, Vadim; Bee, Christopher; Beemster, Lars; Beermann, Thomas; Begel, Michael; Behr, Katharina; Belanger-Champagne, Camille; Bell, Paul; Bell, William; Bella, Gideon; Bellagamba, Lorenzo; Bellerive, Alain; Bellomo, Massimiliano; Belotskiy, Konstantin; Beltramello, Olga; Benary, Odette; Benchekroun, Driss; Bendtz, Katarina; Benekos, Nektarios; Benhammou, Yan; Benhar Noccioli, Eleonora; Benitez Garcia, Jorge-Armando; Benjamin, Douglas; Bensinger, James; Bentvelsen, Stan; Berge, David; Bergeaas Kuutmann, Elin; Berger, Nicolas; Berghaus, Frank; Beringer, Jürg; Bernard, Clare; Bernard, Nathan Rogers; Bernius, Catrin; Bernlochner, Florian Urs; Berry, Tracey; Berta, Peter; Bertella, Claudia; Bertoli, Gabriele; Bertolucci, Federico; Bertsche, Carolyn; Bertsche, David; Besana, Maria Ilaria; Besjes, Geert-Jan; Bessidskaia, Olga; Bessner, Martin Florian; Besson, Nathalie; Betancourt, Christopher; Bethke, Siegfried; Bevan, Adrian John; Bhimji, Wahid; Bianchi, Riccardo-Maria; Bianchini, Louis; Bianco, Michele; Biebel, Otmar; Bieniek, Stephen Paul; Bierwagen, Katharina; Biglietti, Michela; Bilbao De Mendizabal, Javier; Bilokon, Halina; Bindi, Marcello; Binet, Sebastien

2015-01-01

263

Search for Second-Class Currents in \\tau^-\\to\\omega\\pi^-\  

SciTech Connect

We report on an analysis of {tau}{sup -} decaying into {omega}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} with {omega} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0} using data containing nearly 320 million tau pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy B-Factory. We find no evidence for second-class currents and set an upper limit at 0.69% at a 90% confidence level for the ratio of second- to first-class currents.

Aubert, Bernard; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, Antimo; Pappagallo, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, Bjarne; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Cahn, Robert N.; Jacobsen, R.G.; /LBL, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Consorzio Milano Ricerche /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /Napoli Seconda U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /Perugia U. /INFN, Perugia /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /Banca di Roma /Frascati /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /South Carolina U. /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /Turin U. /INFN, Turin /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2008-09-03

264

Physics of a high luminosity collider operated near charm and tau pair thresholds  

SciTech Connect

The current plans for a high luminosity e/sup +/e/sup /minus// collider between 3.0 and 4.4 GeV/c/sup 2/ are described. Such a dedicated facility (The Tau-Charm Factory), operating near tau-pair and charm thresholds would allow studies of the decay of the third generation tau-lepton and the second generation c-quark with unprecedented precision and control of systematics. The charm physics of such a facility is discussed. 24 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs.

Schindler, R.H.

1989-06-01

265

UHE tau neutrino flux regeneration while skimming the Earth  

E-print Network

The detection of Earth-skimming tau neutrinos has turned into a very promising strategy for the observation of ultra-high energy cosmic neutrinos. The sensitivity of this channel crucially depends on the parameters of the propagation of the tau neutrinos through the terrestrial crust, which governs the flux of emerging tau leptons that can be detected. One of the characteristics of this propagation is the possibility of regeneration through multiple $\

Oscar Blanch Bigas; Olivier Deligny; Kévin Payet; Véronique Van Elewyck

2008-09-08

266

Tau-aggregation inhibitor therapy for Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

Many trials of drugs aimed at preventing or clearing ?-amyloid pathology have failed to demonstrate efficacy in recent years and further trials continue with drugs aimed at the same targets and mechanisms. The Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangle is composed of tau and the core of its constituent filaments are made of a truncated fragment from the repeat domain of tau. This truncated tau can catalyse the conversion of normal soluble tau into aggregated oligomeric and fibrillar tau which, in turn, can spread to neighbouring neurons. Tau aggregation is not a late-life process and onset of Braak stage 1 peaks in people in their late 40s or early 50s. Tau aggregation pathology at Braak stage 1 or beyond affects 50% of the population over the age of 45. The initiation of tau aggregation requires its binding to a non-specific substrate to expose a high affinity tau-tau binding domain and it is self-propagating thereafter. The initiating substrate complex is most likely formed as a consequence of a progressive loss of endosomal-lysosomal processing of neuronal proteins, particularly of membrane proteins from mitochondria. Mutations in the APP/presenilin membrane complex may simply add to the age-related endosomal-lysosomal processing failure, bringing forward, but not directly causing, the tau aggregation cascade in carriers. Methylthioninium chloride (MTC), the first identified tau aggregation inhibitor (TAI), offers an alternative to the amyloid approach. Phase 3 trials are underway with a novel stabilized reduced form of methylthioninium (LMTX) that has improved tolerability and absorption. PMID:24361915

Wischik, Claude M; Harrington, Charles R; Storey, John M D

2014-04-15

267

Hyperphosphorylated Tau is Elevated in Alzheimer's Disease with Psychosis  

PubMed Central

Psychosis occurs in 40–60% of Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects, is heritable, and indicates amore rapidly progressive disease phenotype. Neuroimaging and postmortem evidence support an exaggerated prefrontal cortical synaptic deficit in AD with psychosis. Microtubule-associated protein tau is a key mediator of amyloid-?-induced synaptotoxicity in AD, and differential mechanisms of progressive intraneuronal phospho-tau accumulation and interneuronal spread of tau aggregates have recently been described. We hypothesized that psychosis in AD would be associated with greater intraneuronal concentration of phospho-tau and greater spread of tau aggregates in prefrontal cortex. We therefore evaluated prefrontal cortex phospho-tau in a cohort of 45 AD cases with and without psychosis. Intraneuronal phospho-tau concentration was higher in subjects with psychosis, while a measure of phospho-tau spread, volume fraction, was not. Across groups both measures were associated with lower scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination and Digit Span Backwards test. These novel findings indicate that tau phosphorylation may be accelerated in AD with psychosis, indicating a more dynamic, exaggerated pathology in AD with psychosis. PMID:24270207

Murray, Patrick S.; Kirkwood, Caitlin M.; Gray, Megan C.; Fish, Kenneth N.; Ikonomovic, Milos D.; Hamilton, Ronald L.; Kofler, Julia K.; Klunk, William E.; Lopez, Oscar L.; Sweet, Robert A.

2014-01-01

268

Structural Polymorphism in Tau Filaments: An Implication for Neurodegenerative Diseases.  

E-print Network

??Tau filaments are the pathological hallmark of >20 neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease, and progressive supranuclear palsy. In the adult human brain, six… (more)

Siddiqua, Ayisha

269

Stabilization of the Tau Exon 10 Stem Loop Alters  

E-print Network

supranuclear palsy, frontal temporal dementia, and dementia pugilistica (2). Tau is expressed predominantly of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Pick disease, progressive

Wu, Jane Y.

270

The Importance of Tau Phosphorylation for Neurodegenerative Diseases  

PubMed Central

Fibrillar deposits of highly phosphorylated tau are a key pathological feature of several neurodegenerative tauopathies including Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and some frontotemporal dementias. Increasing evidence suggests that the presence of these end-stage neurofibrillary lesions do not cause neuronal loss, but rather that alterations to soluble tau proteins induce neurodegeneration. In particular, aberrant tau phosphorylation is acknowledged to be a key disease process, influencing tau structure, distribution, and function in neurons. Although typically described as a cytosolic protein that associates with microtubules and regulates axonal transport, several additional functions of tau have recently been demonstrated, including roles in DNA stabilization, and synaptic function. Most recently, studies examining the trans-synaptic spread of tau pathology in disease models have suggested a potential role for extracellular tau in cell signaling pathways intrinsic to neurodegeneration. Here we review the evidence showing that tau phosphorylation plays a key role in neurodegenerative tauopathies. We also comment on the tractability of altering phosphorylation-dependent tau functions for therapeutic intervention in AD and related disorders. PMID:23847585

Noble, Wendy; Hanger, Diane P.; Miller, Christopher C. J.; Lovestone, Simon

2013-01-01

271

The Tau-Lepton and Tests of the Standard Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a new value for the mass of the tau-lepton we reconsider various tests of the Standard Model (SM) for the tau. The agreement with the SM is much improved. All tests agree within 1.2? or smaller and the so-called “tau-lifetime problem” has disappeared. We also obtain bounds on the mass of the tau-neutrino. It is shown that an improved bound M{? ? } < 24 MeV at 95% C.L. can be obtained at the ?-charm factory in Spain or at a proposed B-factory.

Samuel, Mark A.

272

The tau leptons theory and experimental data: Monte Carlo, fits, software and systematic errors  

E-print Network

Status of tau lepton decay Monte Carlo generator TAUOLA is reviewed. Recent efforts on development of new hadronic currents are presented. Multitude new channels for anomalous tau decay modes and parametrization based on defaults used by BaBar collaboration are introduced. Also parametrization based on theoretical considerations are presented as an alternative. Lesson from comparison and fits to the BaBar and Belle data is recalled. It was found that as in the past, in particular at a time of comparisons with CLEO and ALEPH data, proper fitting, to as detailed as possible representation of the experimental data, is essential for appropriate developments of models of tau decays. In the later part of the presentation, use of the TAUOLA program for phenomenology of W,Z,H decays at LHC is adressed. Some new results, relevant for QED bremsstrahlung in such decays are presented as well.

Zbigniew Was

2014-12-09

273

Measurement of cross-section (p anti-p --> Z0) x BF (Z0 --> tau anti-tau) at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV using the D0 detector at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

In this thesis the first measurement of {sigma}(p{bar p}) {yields} Z{sup 0} {yields} {tau}{bar {tau}} with the D0 detector at the Tevatron is presented. The tau pair candidates are recorded by the D0 detector using p{bar p} interactions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Events in which one tau decays into a muon and the other tau final state is hadronic with one charged particle are selected for this analysis. The selection criteria for the hadronic tau decay are based on the tau final state, hence for two channels of one-prong taus: single charged pion ({tau}{sub {pi}}) and rho decays ({tau}{sub {rho}}). The selection is based on simple cuts on a number of discriminating variables and the cut values have been optimized for the best cross section measurement. Of hadronic tau candidates that have been reconstructed as {tau}{sub {pi}} candidates, 0.801 {+-} 0.017 {+-} 0.066 pass the selection cut; in the case of {tau}{sub {rho}} taus, the selection efficiency is 0.676 {+-} 0.009 {+-} 0.009. Of all QCD jets that are reconstructed as hadronic tau candidates, 0.0093 {+-} 0.0002 pass the {tau}{sub {pi}} selection cuts and 0.0122 {+-} 0.0002 the {tau}{sub {rho}} cuts. The cross section has been measured to be 274 {+-} 121 {+-} 40 {+-} 27 pb in the {mu}{tau}{sub {pi}} channel and 273 {+-} 40{sub -23}{sup +18} {+-} 27 pb in the {mu}{tau}{sub {rho}} channel, resulting in a combined measurement of {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} Z{sup 0} {yields} {tau}{bar {tau}}) = 273 {+-} 38{sub -23}{sup +19} {+-} 27 pb which agrees with the SM prediction within errors. The errors are dominated by the statistical error as only the first data taken with the D0 detector in Run II was used. Due to the small set of tau candidates, the calorimeter energy scale could not yet be determined using data and this uncertainty is the largest systematic effect on the measurement. Another large contribution arises from the uncertainty of 10% on the luminosity measurement. This is expected to decrease significantly in the future. It was demonstrated that the currently available tools are sufficient to use tau leptons in the measurement of a SM process. This opens the door to the use of hadronic tau decays in the search for new particles, like SUSY particles, that decay preferentially to tau leptons in a number of models or the Higgs boson of either the SM or extended model. Doing physics at the Tevatron as the accelerator at the current energy frontier is our current best hope to find the yet elusive Higgs boson and will allow to either find proof of physics beyond the Standard Model or tighten the constraints on these models.

Duensing, Silke; /Nijmegen U.

2004-04-01

274

The many faces of interferon tau.  

PubMed

Interferon tau (IFNT) was discovered as the pregnancy recognition signal in ruminants, but is now known to have a plethora of physiological functions in the mammalian uterus. The mammalian uterus includes, from the outer surface to the lumen, the serosa, myometrium and endometrium. The endometrium consists of the luminal, superficial glandular, and glandular epithelia, each with a unique phenotype, stromal cells, vascular elements, nerves and immune cells. The uterine epithelia secrete or selectively transport molecules into the uterine lumen that are collectively known as histotroph. Histotroph is required for growth and development of the conceptus (embryo and its associated extra-embryonic membranes) and includes nutrients such as amino acids and glucose, enzymes, growth factors, cytokines, lymphokines, transport proteins for vitamins and minerals and extracellular matrix molecules. Interferon tau and progesterone stimulate transport of amino acids in histotroph, particularly arginine. Arginine stimulates the mechanistic target of rapamycin pathway to induce proliferation, migration and protein synthesis by cells of the conceptus, and arginine is the substrate for synthesis of nitric oxide and polyamines required for growth and development of the conceptus. In ruminants, IFNT also acts in concert with progesterone from the corpus luteum to increase expression of genes for transport of nutrients into the uterine lumen, as well as proteases, protease inhibitors, growth factors for hematopoiesis and angiogenesis and other molecules critical for implantation and placentation. Collectively, the pleiotropic effects of IFNT contribute to survival, growth and development of the ruminant conceptus. PMID:25557050

Bazer, Fuller W; Ying, Wei; Wang, Xiaoqiu; Dunlap, Kathrin A; Zhou, Beiyan; Johnson, Greg A; Wu, Guoyao

2015-03-01

275

Measurements of charged current lepton universality and |Vus| using tau lepton decays to e- ?(e) ?(?), ?- ?(?) ?(?), ?- ?(?), and K- ?(?).  

PubMed

Using 467??fb(-1) of e+e- annihilation data collected with the BABAR detector, we measure (B(?- ? ?- ?(?) ?(?)))/(B(?- ? e- ?(e) ?(?))) =(0.9796±0.0016±0.0036), (B(?- ? ?- ?(?)))/(B(?- ? e- ?(e) ?(?))) = (0.5945±0.0014±0.0061), and (B(?- ? K- ?(?)))/(B(?- ? e- ?(e) ?(?))) = (0.03882±0.00032±0.00057), where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. From these precision ? measurements, we test the standard model assumption of ?-e and ?-? charge current lepton universality and provide determinations of |Vus| experimentally independent of the decay of a kaon. PMID:20867905

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Ongmongkolkul, P; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Volk, A; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Firmino da Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Biassoni, P; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Franco Sevilla, M; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S

2010-07-30

276

UZ Tau E: A New Classical T Tauri Spectroscopic Binary  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have monitored spectroscopically the classical T Tauri star UZ Tau East. Most observations were obtained with the Intermediate Dispersion Spectrograph at the Isaac Newton Telescope in La Palma Observatory. Several additional spectra were obtained with other telescopes at La Palma, ESO and Lick observatories. Radial velocities were measured via cross correlation with UZ Tau West. In total we have

R. D. Mathieu; E. L. Martin; A. Magazzu

1996-01-01

277

Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Tau Protein in Neurofibrillary Degeneration  

PubMed Central

Tau represents the subunit protein of one of the major hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD), the neurofibrillary tangles, and is therefore of major interest as an indicator of disease mechanisms. Many of the unusual properties of Tau can be explained by its nature as a natively unfolded protein. Examples are the large number of structural conformations and biochemical modifications (phosphorylation, proteolysis, glycosylation, and others), the multitude of interaction partners (mainly microtubules, but also other cytoskeletal proteins, kinases, and phosphatases, motor proteins, chaperones, and membrane proteins). The pathological aggregation of Tau is counterintuitive, given its high solubility, but can be rationalized by short hydrophobic motifs forming ? structures. The aggregation of Tau is toxic in cell and animal models, but can be reversed by suppressing expression or by aggregation inhibitors. This review summarizes some of the structural, biochemical, and cell biological properties of Tau and Tau fibers. Further aspects of Tau as a diagnostic marker and therapeutic target, its involvement in other Tau-based diseases, and its histopathology are covered by other chapters in this volume. PMID:22762014

Mandelkow, Eva-Maria; Mandelkow, Eckhard

2012-01-01

278

Identification of nuclear. tau. isoforms in human neuroblastoma cells  

SciTech Connect

The {tau} proteins have been reported only in association with microtubules and with ribosomes in situ, in the normal central nervous system. In addition, {tau} has been shown to be an integral component of paired helical filaments, the principal constituent of the neurofibrillary tangles found in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease and of most aged individuals with Down syndrome (trisomy 21). The authors report here the localization of the well-characterized Tau-1 monoclonal antibody to the nucleolar organizer regions of the acrocentric chromosomes and to their interphase counterpart, the fibrillar component of the nucleolus, in human neuroblastoma cells. Similar localization to the nucleolar organizer regions was also observed in other human cell lines and in one monkey kidney cell line but was not seen in non-primate species. Immunochemically, they further demonstrated the existence of the entire {tau} molecule in the isolated nuclei of neuroblastoma cells. Nuclear {tau} proteins, like the {tau} proteins of the paired helical filaments, cannot be extracted in standard SDS-containing electrophoresis sample buffer but require pretreatment with formic acid prior to immunoblot analysis. This work indicates that {tau} may function in processes not directly associated with microtubules and that highly insoluble complexes of {tau} may also play a role in normal cellular physiology.

Loomis, P.A.; Howard, T.H.; Castleberry, R.P.; Binder, L.I. (Univ. of Alabama, Birmingham (United States))

1990-11-01

279

Morin attenuates tau hyperphosphorylation by inhibiting GSK3?  

PubMed Central

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the major form of age-related dementia and is characterized by progressive cognitive impairment, the accumulation of extracellular amyloid ?-peptide (A?), and intracellular hyperphosphorylated tau aggregates in affected brain regions. Tau hyperphosphorylation and accumulation in neurofibrillary tangles is strongly correlated with cognitive deficits, and is apparently a critical event in the dementia process because mutations in tau can cause a tangle-only form of dementia called frontotemporal lobe dementia. Among kinases that phosphorylate tau, glycogen synthase kinase 3? (GSK3?) is strongly implicated in AD pathogenesis. In the present study, we established an ELISA to screen for agents that inhibit GSK3? activity and found that the flavonoid morin effectively inhibited GSK3? activity and blocked GSK3?-induced tau phosphorylation in vitro. In addition, morin attenuated A?-induced tau phosphorylation and protected human neuroblastoma cells against A? cytotoxicity. Furthermore, treatment of 3×Tg-AD mice with morin resulted in reductions in tau hyperphosphorylation and paired helical filament-like immunoreactivity in hippocampal neurons. Morin is a novel inhibitor of GSK3? that can reduce tau pathology in vivo and may have potential as a therapeutic agent in tauopathies. PMID:21782947

Gong, Eun Ji; Park, Hee Ra; Kim, Mi Eun; Piao, Shunfu; Lee, Eunjin; Jo, Dong-Gyu; Chung, Hae Young; Ha, Nam-Chul; Mattson, Mark P.; Lee, Jaewon

2011-01-01

280

Tau Functions and Virasoro Symmetries for Drinfeld-Sokolov Hierarchies  

E-print Network

For each Drinfeld-Sokolov integrable hierarchy associated to affine Kac-Moody algebra, we obtain a uniform construction of tau function by using tau-symmetric Hamiltonian densities, moreover, we represent its Virasoro symmetries as linear/nonlinear actions on the tau function. The relations between the tau function constructed in this paper and those defined for particular cases of Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies in the literature are clarified. We also show that, whenever the affine Kac-Moody algebra is simply-laced or twisted, the tau functions of the Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy coincide with the solutions of the corresponding Kac-Wakimoto hierarchy from the principal vertex operator realization of the affine algebra.

Chao-Zhong Wu

2014-05-20

281

Further understanding of tau phosphorylation: implications for therapy.  

PubMed

Tau is a brain microtubule-associated protein that regulates microtubule structure and function. Prominent tau neurofibrillary pathology is a common feature in a number of neurodegenerative disorders collectively referred to as tauopathies, the most common of which is Alzheimer's disease. Beyond its classical role as a microtubule-associated protein, recent advances in our understanding of tau cellular functions have unveiled novel important tau cellular functions that may also play a pivotal role in pathogenesis and render novel targets for therapeutic intervention. Regulation of tau behavior and function under physiological and pathological conditions is mainly achieved through post-translational modifications, especially phosphorylation, which has significant implications for the development of novel therapeutic approaches in a number of neurodegenerative disorders. PMID:25555397

Medina, Miguel; Avila, Jesús

2015-01-01

282

Antibody-derived in vivo imaging of tau pathology.  

PubMed

Antibodies or their derivatives as imaging probes for pathological tau protein have great potential, but have not been well studied. In particular, smaller, single-chain-variable antibody fragments (scFv's) are attractive for detecting tau lesions in live subjects. Here, we generated libraries of scFv's and identified numerous phospho-tau-selective scFv's. Peripheral injection of one of these scFv's consistently resulted in a strong in vivo brain signal in transgenic tauopathy mice, but not in wild-type or amyloid-? plaque mice. The parent tau antibody provided similar results, albeit with a weaker signal intensity. The imaging signal correlated very well with colocalization of the probe with intraneuronal tau aggregates. Both were associated with markers of endosomes, autophagosomes, and lysosomes, suggesting their interaction in these degradation pathways. Such specific antibody-derived imaging probes have great potential as diagnostic markers for Alzheimer's disease and related tauopathies. PMID:25505335

Krishnaswamy, Senthilkumar; Lin, Yan; Rajamohamedsait, Wajitha J; Rajamohamedsait, Hameetha B; Krishnamurthy, Pavan; Sigurdsson, Einar M

2014-12-10

283

Search for the standard model Higgs boson in tau final states.  

PubMed

We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson using hadronically decaying tau leptons, in 1 fb(-1) of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp collider. We select two final states: tau+/- plus missing transverse energy and b jets, and tau+ tau- plus jets. These final states are sensitive to a combination of associated W/Z boson plus Higgs boson, vector boson fusion, and gluon-gluon fusion production processes. The observed ratio of the combined limit on the Higgs production cross section at the 95% C.L. to the standard model expectation is 29 for a Higgs boson mass of 115 GeV. PMID:19659068

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anzelc, M S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; Backusmayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calfayan, P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Cheu, E; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Crépé-Renaudin, S; Cuplov, V; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; DeVaughan, K; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Ermolov, P; Escalier, M; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hadley, N J; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De La Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jamin, D; Jarvis, C; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J-P; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kuhl, T; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Li, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Mättig, P; Magerkurth, A; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mitrevski, J; Mommsen, R K; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Oshima, N; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero Y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Pawloski, G; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; Potter, C; Prado da Silva, W L; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rakitine, A; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Renkel, P; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rodrigues, R F; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schaile, D; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shamim, M; Shary, V

2009-06-26

284

Curr Alzheimer Res . Author manuscript Early Tau pathology involving the septo-hippocampal pathway in a Tau  

E-print Network

Curr Alzheimer Res . Author manuscript Page /1 7 Early Tau pathology involving the septo-hippocampal pathway in a Tau transgenic model: relevance to Alzheimers disease' Karim Belarbi , Katharina Schindowski.buee@inserm.fr > Abstract Alzheimer s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by amyloid deposits

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

285

Ultraviolet Spectrum Variability of BP Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results of the ultraviolet IUE archive spectrum researches of classic T Tauri type star BP Tau had been presented. Spectroscopic parameters of mainly strong emission lines were measured. On the more full massive which had been created on the intensity values of the emission doublet MgII ? 2800Å a variability with period P = 8.275 ± 0.005 days with high confidence level was obtained. There is some group of lines, intensities of emission lines for which were showed decreasing for more than 13 years of time interval. As a rule, lines with high potential of excitation related to the first group. More probable, such lines shows periodic variability. It is showed that we have as a minimum two local physical conditions of matter in the circumstellar disk of the star.

Ismailov, N. Z.; Alimardanova, F. N.; Baheddinova, G. R.; Adygezalzade, H. N.

2010-12-01

286

Histone deacetylase 6 inhibition improves memory and reduces total tau levels in a mouse model of tau deposition  

PubMed Central

Introduction Tau pathology is associated with a number of age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Few treatments have been demonstrated to diminish the impact of tau pathology in mouse models and none are yet effective in humans. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is an enzyme that removes acetyl groups from cytoplasmic proteins, rather than nuclear histones. Its substrates include tubulin, heat shock protein 90 and cortactin. Tubastatin A is a selective inhibitor of HDAC6. Modification of tau pathology by specific inhibition of HDAC6 presents a potential therapeutic approach in tauopathy. Methods We treated rTg4510 mouse models of tau deposition and non-transgenic mice with tubastatin (25 mg/kg) or saline (0.9%) from 5 to 7 months of age. Cognitive behavior analysis, histology and biochemical analysis were applied to access the effect of tubastatin on memory, tau pathology and neurodegeneration (hippocampal volume). Results We present data showing that tubastatin restored memory function in rTg4510 mice and reversed a hyperactivity phenotype. We further found that tubastatin reduced the levels of total tau, both histologically and by western analysis. Reduction in total tau levels was positively correlated with memory improvement in these mice. However, there was no impact on phosphorylated forms of tau, either by histology or western analysis, nor was there an impact on silver positive inclusions histologically. Conclusion Potential mechanisms by which HDAC6 inhibitors might benefit the rTg4510 mouse include stabilization of microtubules secondary to increased tubulin acetylation, increased degradation of tau secondary to increased acetylation of HSP90 or both. These data support the use of HDAC6 inhibitors as potential therapeutic agents against tau pathology. PMID:24576665

2014-01-01

287

Dimer model for Tau proteins bound in microtubule bundles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The microtubule associated protein tau is important in nucleating and maintaining microtubule spacing and structure in neuronal axons. Modification of tau is implicated as a later stage process in Alzheimer's disease, but little is known about the structure of tau in microtubule bundles. We present preliminary work on a proposed model [1] for tau dimers in microtubule bundles (dimers are the minimal units since there is one microtubule binding domain per tau). First, a model of tau monomer was created and its characteristics explored using implicit solvent molecular dynamics simulation. Multiple simulations yield a partially collapsed form with separate positively/negatively charged clumps, but which are a factor of two smaller than required by observed microtubule spacing. We argue that this will elongate in dimer form to lower electrostatic energy at a cost of entropic ``spring'' energy. We will present preliminary results on steered molecular dynamics runs on tau dimers to estimate the actual force constant.[4pt] [1] Rosenberg, K. J. Ross, J. L. Feinstein, H. E., Feinstein, S. C. Israelachvili, J., PNAS (USA) 105, 2008, 7445-50.

Hall, Natalie; Kluber, Alexander; Hayre, N. Robert; Singh, Rajiv; Cox, Daniel

2013-03-01

288

Measurement of the inclusive branching fraction tau/sup -/. -->. nu/sub tau/. pi. /sup -/. pi. /sup 0/ + neutral meson(s)  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation measures an inclusive branching fraction of (13.9 +- 2.0/sub -2.4//sup +2.1/)% for the decay tau/sup -/ ..-->.. nu/sub tau/..pi../sup -/..pi../sup 0/ + nh/sup 0/ where h/sup 0/ is a ..pi../sup 0/ or an eta and n greater than or equal to 1. The data sample, obtained with the TPC detector facility at PEP, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 72 pb/sup -1/ at 29 GeV center of mass energy. The measured value for this branching fraction is somewhat greater than the theoretical prediction and, taking errors into account, resolves the present difference between the inclusive and the sum of the exclusive tau/sup -/ branching fractions into one charged prong. In addition, a lower limit of 8.3% (95% CL) is placed on the branching fraction B(tau/sup -/ ..-->.. nu/sub tau/..pi../sup -/..pi../sup 0/..pi../sup 0/).

Moses, W.W.

1986-12-01

289

High Energy Neutrino and Tau Airshowers in Standard and New Physics  

E-print Network

High Energy Neutrino may lead to a New High Energy Astronomy. Neutrino interaction in matter at PeVs- EeVs may behave differently from Standard Model predictions because possible TeV Gravity scenario. While traditional km^3 neutrino underground detector will be uneasy to disentangle the Gravity TeV scenario any new Horizontal Tau Air-Shower detectors at PeVs tau energy, beyond Mountain Chains, will be greatly enhanced and it may probe fruit-fully the New TeV Physics imprint. Moreover observing upcoming and horizontal tau air-showers {UPTAUS, HORTAUS} from high mountains toward Mount Chains or along widest Earth Crust crown masses at the Horizons edges, Ultra High Energy,UHE, nu_{tau} and its consequent tau lepton decay in flight, will greatly amplify any single UHE nu_{tau} track and it will test, at highest energies, huge volumes comparable to underground km^3 ones; observing UPTAUS and HORTAUs from higher balloons or satellites at orbit altitudes, at GZK energies, the Horizontal Crown effective Masses may e...

Fargion, D

2002-01-01

290

Tau leaping of stiff stochastic chemical systems via local central limit approximation  

SciTech Connect

Stiffness manifests in stochastic dynamic systems in a more complex manner than in deterministic systems; it is not only important for a time-stepping method to remain stable but it is also important for the method to capture the asymptotic variances accurately. In the context of stochastic chemical systems, time stepping methods are known as tau leaping. Well known existing tau leaping methods have shortcomings in this regard. The implicit tau method is far more stable than the trapezoidal tau method but underestimates the asymptotic variance. On the other hand, the trapezoidal tau method which estimates the asymptotic variance exactly for linear systems suffers from the fact that the transients of the method do not decay fast enough in the context of very stiff systems. We propose a tau leaping method that possesses the same stability properties as the implicit method while it also captures the asymptotic variance with reasonable accuracy at least for the test system S{sub 1}?S{sub 2}. The proposed method uses a central limit approximation (CLA) locally over the tau leaping interval and is referred to as the LCLA-?. The CLA predicts the mean and covariance as solutions of certain differential equations (ODEs) and for efficiency we solve these using a single time step of a suitable low order method. We perform a mean/covariance stability analysis of various possible low order schemes to determine the best scheme. Numerical experiments presented show that LCLA-? performs favorably for stiff systems and that the LCLA-? is also able to capture bimodal distributions unlike the CLA itself. The proposed LCLA-? method uses a split implicit step to compute the mean update. We also prove that any tau leaping method employing a split implicit step converges in the fluid limit to the implicit Euler method as applied to the fluid limit differential equation.

Yang, Yushu, E-mail: yushuyang7@gmail.com [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States); Rathinam, Muruhan, E-mail: muruhan@umbc.edu [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States)

2013-06-01

291

Study of t anti-t production in tau jets channel at CDFII using neural networks  

SciTech Connect

CDF (Collider Detector at Fermilab) is a particle detector located at Fermi National Laboratories, near Chicago. it allows to study decay products of p{bar p} collisions at center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. During its first period of data taking (RunI), CDF observed for the first time the top quark (1995). The current period of data taking (RunII) is devoted to precise measurements of top properties and to search for new physics. This thesis work is about the top decay channel named {tau} + jets. A t{bar t} pair decays in two W bosons and two b quarks. In a {tau} + jets event, one out of the two W decays into two jets of hadrons, while the other produces a {tau} lepton and a neutrino; the {tau} decays semileptonically in one or more charged and neutral pions while b quarks hadronize producing two jets of particles. Thus the final state of a {tau} + jets event has this specific signature: five jets, one {tau}-like, i.e. narrow and with low track multiplicity, two from b quarks, two from a W boson and a large amount of missing energy from two {tau} neutrinos. They search for this signal in 311 pb{sup -1} of data collected with TOP{_}MULTIJET trigger. They use neural networks to separate signal from background and on the selected sample they perform a t{bar t} production cross section measurement. The thesis is structured as follows: in Chapter 1 they outline the physics of top and {tau}, concentrating on their discovery, production mechanisms and current physics results involving them. Chapter 2 is devoted to the description of the experimental setup: the accelerator complex first and CDF detector then. The trigger system is described in Chapter 3, while Chapter 4 shows how particles are reconstructed exploiting information from different CDF subdetectors. With Chapter 5 they begin to present their analysis: we use a feed forward neural network based on a minimization algorithm developed in Trento University, called Reactive Taboo Search (RTS), especially designed to rapidly escape from local minima. Using this neural network, they explore two techniques to select t{bar t} {yields} {tau} + jets events, the first based on a single net, the second on two neural networks in cascade; both techniques are described in Chapter 6, together with the variables used as inputs for the nets. Finally, in Chapter 7 they present a method to measure cross section on the sample of events selected by neural networks.

Amerio, Silvia; /Trento U.

2005-12-01

292

Results of the Mixed Tau-Electroproduction Sum Rule For V_us  

E-print Network

A sum rule for determining |V_us| from a combination of hadronic tau decay and electroproduction data is discussed. Indications of problems with analogous, purely tau-decay-based analyses, most likely associated with slow convergence of the relevant D=2 OPE series, are outlined, and advantages of the mixed sum rule approach identified. With current data, one obtains |V_us|= 0.2208 (39)_exp (3)_th, a determination amenable to significant near-term reduction in experimental error, and with the smallest theoretical error of all current |V_us| determinations.

Kim Maltman

2009-06-26

293

Measurement of 12CO, 13CO, and C18O Ratios in HL~Tau and GV~Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present measurements of three CO isotopologues taken from the high resolution 4.7 um fundamental and 2.3 um overtone ro-vibrational CO absorption spectraobtained using the NIRSPEC infrared spectrometer on the Keck II telescope. These CO absorption lines arise from the circumstellar material surrounding the Classical T Tauri Stars GV Tau and HL Tau. For HL Tau, we find that the 12CO/13CO and 12CO/C18O abundances are consistent with their abundance in the local ISM and previously published values. For GV Tau we find that 13CO and C18O are heavily depleted relative to their abundance in the ISM. The depletion in GV Tau is consistent with that of selective photodissociation in the disk. In our poster, we will discuss why the depletion of 13CO and C18O is higher in GV Tau than in HL Tau and the implications this may have for the abundance of 18O in meteorites.

Davis, Scott; Teasley, Thomas; Brittain, Sean D.; Doppmann, Greg; Najita, Joan R.

2015-01-01

294

Aging, but not tau pathology, impacts olfactory performances and somatostatin systems in THY-Tau22 mice.  

PubMed

Somatostatin (SOM) cortical levels decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD) in correlation with cognitive impairment severity, the latter being closely related to the presence of neurofibrillary tangles. Impaired olfaction is another hallmark of AD tightly related to tau pathology in the olfactory pathways. Recent studies showed that SOM modulates olfactory processing, suggesting that alterations in SOM levels participate to olfactory deficits in AD. Herein, we first observed that human olfactory peduncle and cortex are enriched in SOM cells and fibers, in aged postmortem brains. Then, the possible link between SOM alterations and olfactory deficits was evaluated by exploring the impact of age and tau hyperphosphorylation on olfactory SOM networks and behavioral performances in THY-Tau22 mice, a tauopathy transgenic model. Distinct molecular repertoires of SOM peptide and receptors were associated to sensory or cortical olfactory processing structures. Aging mainly affected SOM neurotransmission in piriform and entorhinal cortex in wild-type mice, although olfactory performances decreased. However, no further olfactory impairment was evidenced in THY-Tau22 mice until 12 months although tau pathology early affected olfactory cortical structures. Thus, tau hyperphosphorylation per se has a limited impact on olfactory performances in THY-Tau22 mice. PMID:25433460

Martel, Guillaume; Simon, Axelle; Nocera, Sonia; Kalainathan, Sahana; Pidoux, Ludivine; Blum, David; Leclère-Turbant, Sabrina; Diaz, Jorge; Geny, David; Moyse, Emmanuel; Videau, Catherine; Buée, Luc; Epelbaum, Jacques; Viollet, Cécile

2014-10-31

295

Effects of Cell Cycle Inhibitors on Tau Phosphorylation in N2aTau3R Cells  

PubMed Central

Neurofibrillary tangles are one of the pathologic hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). They are composed of paired helical filaments (PHF) containing hyperphosphorylated forms of tau. Hyperphosphorylation of certain tau sites favors its dissociation from the microtubules (MT), interfering with axonal transport and compromising the function and viability of neurons. Reappearance of cell cycle proteins have been reported in neurons exhibiting tau aggregation, suggesting that an aberrant cell cycle occurs before neurons die. Cell cycle suppression in neurons is crucial to survival, thus prevention of progression through the cell cycle may offer a therapeutic approach. Using a neuroblastoma cell line overexpressing 3-repeat (3R) tau, we investigated the effects of cell cycle inhibitors on tau phosphorylation. G2/M phase inhibitors did not alter phosphorylation of tau at Ser-202 and Ser-396/404 at the lower doses, but did at higher doses. Ser-202 and Ser-396/404 are phosphorylation sites of early and late neurofibrillary tangles, respectively, in AD. Cisplatin, a G1 phase inhibitor, did not phosphorylate tau. Cyclophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard, DNA cross-linking agents, decreased tau phosphorylation at Ser-396/404 site, but increased phosphorylation at Ser-202. These studies demonstrate that the G2/M blockers have a dose-dependent effect on tau phosphorylation. This seems to be a consequence of both the disruption of MT-organization and MT-dynamics when doses are higher, but only a disruption of MT-dynamics with lower doses. These results are also in agreement with the lack of phosphorylation seen for cisplatin, another inhibitor that produces disruption of the MT-dynamics. PMID:18278567

Townsend, Kirk; Davies, Peter

2010-01-01

296

Chronic noise exposure causes persistence of tau hyperphosphorylation and formation of NFT tau in the rat hippocampus and prefrontal cortex.  

PubMed

The non-auditory effects of noise exposure on the central nervous system have been established both epidemiologically and experimentally. Chronic noise exposure (CNE) has been associated with tau hyperphosphorylation and Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like pathological changes. However, experimental evidence for these associations remains limited. The aim of the current study was to explore the effects of CNE [100 dB sound pressure level (SPL) white noise, 4 h/d×14 d] on tau phosphorylation in the rat hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex. Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two groups: a noise-exposed group and a control group. The levels of radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA)-soluble and RIPA-insoluble phosphorylated tau at Ser202, Ser396, Ser404, and Ser422 in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex were measured at different time points (days 0, 3, 7, and 14) after the end of the last noise exposure. Exposure to white noise for 14 consecutive days significantly increased the levels of tau phosphorylation at Ser202, Ser396, Ser404, and Ser422, the sites typically phosphorylated in AD brains, in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex. Tau hyperphosphorylation persisted for 7 to 14 d after the cessation of noise exposure. These alterations were also concomitant with the generation of pathological neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) tau 3, 7 and 14 d after the end of the stimulus. Furthermore, lasting increases in proteins involved in hyperphosphorylation, namely glycogen synthase kinase 3? (GSK3?) and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), were found to occur in close correspondence with increase in tau hyperphosphorylation. The results of this study show that CNE leads to long-lasting increases in non-NFT hyperphosphorylated tau and delayed formation of misfolded NFT tau in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex. Our results also provide evidence for the involvement of GSK3? and PP2A in these processes. PMID:22971273

Cui, Bo; Zhu, Lixing; She, Xiaojun; Wu, Mingquan; Ma, Qiang; Wang, Tianhui; Zhang, Na; Xu, Chuanxiang; Chen, Xuewei; An, Gaihong; Liu, Hongtao

2012-12-01

297

Electroweak and Higgs Measurements Using Tau Final States with the LHCb Detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spin correlations for tau lepton decays are included in the Pythia 8 event generation software with a framework which can be expanded to include the decays of particles other than the tau lepton. The spin correlations for the decays of tau leptons produced from electroweak and Higgs bosons are calculated. Decays of the tau lepton using sophisticated resonance models are included in Pythia 8 for all channels with experimentally observed branching fractions greater than 0.04%. The mass distributions for the decay products of these channels calculated with Pythia 8 are validated against the equivalent distributions from the Herwig++ and Tauola event generators. The technical implementation of the tau lepton spin correlations and decays in Pythia 8 is described. A measurement of the inclusive Z to di-tau cross-section using 1.0 inverse fb of data from pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV collected with the LHCb detector is presented. Reconstructed final states containing two muons, a muon and an electron, a muon and a charged hadron, or an electron and a charged hadron are selected as Z to di-tau candidates. The cross-section for Z bosons with a mass between 60 and 120 GeV decaying into tau leptons with pseudo-rapidities between 2.0 and 4.5 and transverse momenta greater than 20 GeV is measured to be 72.3 +/- 3.5 +/- 2.9 +/- 2.5 pb. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second uncertainty is systematic, and the third is to due the integrated luminosity uncertainty. The Z to di-tau to Z to di-muon cross-section ratio is found to be 0.94 +/- 0.09 and the Z to di-tau to Z to di-electron cross-section ratio is found to be 0.95 +/- 0.07. The uncertainty on these ratios is the combined statistical, systematic, and luminosity uncertainties. Limits on the production of neutral Higgs bosons decaying into tau lepton pairs with pseudo-rapidities between 2.0 and 4.5 are set at a 95% confidence level using the same LHCb dataset. A model independent upper limit on the production of neutral Higgs bosons decaying into tau leptons is set and ranges between 8.6 pb for a Higgs boson mass of 90 GeV to 0.7 pb for a Higgs boson mass of 250 GeV. This limit is compared to the expected standard model cross-section. An upper limit on tan-beta in the CP-odd Higgs mass and tan-beta plane is set for the mh-max scenario of the minimal supersymmetric model and varies from 34 for a CP-odd Higgs boson mass of 90 GeV to 70 for a CP-odd Higgs boson mass of 140 GeV.

Ilten, Philip

298

Strong association of a novel Tau promoter haplotype in progressive supranuclear palsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The microtubule associated protein, tau, is found in fibrillar lesions that characterise progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and related tauopathies. Mutations in the tau gene in frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17) and genetic association of the H1 haplotype of the tau gene with PSP has firmly established a direct role for tau in disease pathogenesis. However, the

Rohan de Silva; Markus Weiler; Huw R Morris; Eden R Martin; Nicholas W Wood; Andrew J Lees

2001-01-01

299

Conformation Determines the Seeding Potencies of Native and Recombinant Tau Aggregates  

PubMed Central

Intracellular Tau inclusions are a pathological hallmark of several neurodegenerative diseases, collectively known as the tauopathies. They include Alzheimer disease, tangle-only dementia, Pick disease, argyrophilic grain disease, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, progressive supranuclear palsy, and corticobasal degeneration. Tau pathology appears to spread through intercellular propagation, requiring the formation of assembled “prion-like” species. Several cell and animal models have been described that recapitulate aspects of this phenomenon. However, the molecular characteristics of seed-competent Tau remain unclear. Here, we have used a cell model to understand the relationships between Tau structure/phosphorylation and seeding by aggregated Tau species from the brains of mice transgenic for human mutant P301S Tau and full-length aggregated recombinant P301S Tau. Deletion of motifs 275VQIINK280 and 306VQIVYK311 abolished the seeding activity of recombinant full-length Tau, suggesting that its aggregation was necessary for seeding. We describe conformational differences between native and synthetic Tau aggregates that may account for the higher seeding activity of native assembled Tau. When added to aggregated Tau seeds from the brains of mice transgenic for P301S Tau, soluble recombinant Tau aggregated and acquired the molecular properties of aggregated Tau from transgenic mouse brain. We show that seeding is conferred by aggregated Tau that enters cells through macropinocytosis and seeds the assembly of endogenous Tau into filaments. PMID:25406315

Falcon, Benjamin; Cavallini, Annalisa; Angers, Rachel; Glover, Sarah; Murray, Tracey K.; Barnham, Luanda; Jackson, Samuel; O'Neill, Michael J.; Isaacs, Adrian M.; Hutton, Michael L.; Szekeres, Philip G.; Goedert, Michel; Bose, Suchira

2015-01-01

300

Starvation and inhibition of lysosomal function increased tau secretion by primary cortical neurons  

PubMed Central

Recent studies have demonstrated that human tau can be secreted by neurons and non-neuronal cells, an event linked to the propagation of tau pathology in the brain. In the present study, we confirmed that under physiological conditions, one tau-positive band was detected in the culture medium with an anti-tau antibody recognizing total tau and the Tau-1 antibody directed against unphosphorylated tau. We then examined whether tau secretion was modified upon insults. Tau secretion was increased by starvation [Earle's Balanced Salt Solution (EBSS)], inhibition of lysosomal function (leupeptin) and when both of these conditions were superimposed, this combined treatment having the most important effects on tau secretion. Interestingly, the pattern of tau secretion was distinct from that of control neurons when neurons were treated either with EBSS alone or EBSS + leupeptin. In these conditions, three tau-positive bands were detected in the culture medium. Two of these three bands were immunoreactive to Tau-1 antibody revealing that at least two tau species were released upon these treatments. Collectively, our results indicate that insults such as nutrient deprivation and lysosomal dysfunction observed in neurodegenerative diseases could result in an increase of tau secretion and propagation of tau pathology in the brain. PMID:25030297

Mohamed, Nguyen-Vi; Plouffe, Vanessa; Rémillard-Labrosse, Gaudeline; Planel, Emmanuel; Leclerc, Nicole

2014-01-01

301

Conformation determines the seeding potencies of native and recombinant tau aggregates.  

PubMed

Intracellular Tau inclusions are a pathological hallmark of several neurodegenerative diseases, collectively known as the tauopathies. They include Alzheimer disease, tangle-only dementia, Pick disease, argyrophilic grain disease, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, progressive supranuclear palsy, and corticobasal degeneration. Tau pathology appears to spread through intercellular propagation, requiring the formation of assembled "prion-like" species. Several cell and animal models have been described that recapitulate aspects of this phenomenon. However, the molecular characteristics of seed-competent Tau remain unclear. Here, we have used a cell model to understand the relationships between Tau structure/phosphorylation and seeding by aggregated Tau species from the brains of mice transgenic for human mutant P301S Tau and full-length aggregated recombinant P301S Tau. Deletion of motifs (275)VQIINK(280) and (306)VQIVYK(311) abolished the seeding activity of recombinant full-length Tau, suggesting that its aggregation was necessary for seeding. We describe conformational differences between native and synthetic Tau aggregates that may account for the higher seeding activity of native assembled Tau. When added to aggregated Tau seeds from the brains of mice transgenic for P301S Tau, soluble recombinant Tau aggregated and acquired the molecular properties of aggregated Tau from transgenic mouse brain. We show that seeding is conferred by aggregated Tau that enters cells through macropinocytosis and seeds the assembly of endogenous Tau into filaments. PMID:25406315

Falcon, Benjamin; Cavallini, Annalisa; Angers, Rachel; Glover, Sarah; Murray, Tracey K; Barnham, Luanda; Jackson, Samuel; O'Neill, Michael J; Isaacs, Adrian M; Hutton, Michael L; Szekeres, Philip G; Goedert, Michel; Bose, Suchira

2015-01-01

302

Crab-crossing in a Tau-Charm facility  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following topics: crab-crossing; horizontal versus vertical beam crossing; a crab-crossing arrangement for a Tau-Charm facility; tolerance; and beam loading and average current limitations. 7 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab. (LSP)

Voss, G.A.; Paterson, J.M.; Kheifets, S.A.

1989-07-01

303

Structure and mechanism of action of tau aggregation inhibitors  

PubMed Central

Since the discovery of phenothiazines as tau protein aggregation inhibitors, many additional small molecule inhibitors of diverse chemotype have been discovered and characterized in biological model systems. Although direct inhibition of tau aggregation has shown promise as a potential treatment strategy for depressing neurofibrillary lesion formation in Alzheimer’s disease, the mechanism of action of these compounds has been unclear. However, recent studies have found that tau aggregation antagonists exert their effects through both covalent and non-covalent means, and have identified associated potency and selectivity driving features. Here we review small-molecule tau aggregation inhibitors with a focus on compound structure and inhibitory mechanism. The elucidation of inhibitory mechanism has implications for maximizing on-target efficacy while minimizing off-target side effects. PMID:25387336

Cisek, Katryna; Cooper, Grace L.; Huseby, Carol J.; Kuret, Jeff

2015-01-01

304

Measurement of \\mathcal{B}(\\tau^{-}\\-->\\bar{K^{0}}\\pi^{-}\  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary measurement of the branching fraction {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) is made using 384.6 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} collision data provided by the PEP-II collider, operating primarily at {radical}s = 10.58 GeV, and recorded using the BABAR detector. From this they measure: {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar K}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.840 {+-} 0.004(stat) {+-} 0.023(syst))%. This result is the most precise measurement to date and is consistent with the world average.

Wren, A

2008-08-13

305

Neuronal uptake of tau/pS422 antibody and reduced progression of tau pathology in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

The severity of tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease brain correlates closely with disease progression. Tau immunotherapy has therefore been proposed as a new therapeutic approach to Alzheimer's disease and encouraging results have been obtained by active or passive immunization of tau transgenic mice. This work investigates the mechanism by which immunotherapy can impact tau pathology. We demonstrate the development of Alzheimer's disease-like tau pathology in a triple transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease and show that tau/pS422 is present in membrane microdomains on the neuronal cell surface. Chronic, peripheral administration of anti-tau/pS422 antibody reduces the accumulation of tau pathology. The unequivocal presence of anti-tau/pS422 antibody inside neurons and in lysosomes is demonstrated. We propose that anti-tau/pS422 antibody binds to membrane-associated tau/pS422 and that the antigen-antibody complexes are cleared intracellularly, thereby offering one explanation for how tau immunotherapy can ameliorate neuronal tau pathology. PMID:25085375

Collin, Ludovic; Bohrmann, Bernd; Göpfert, Ulrich; Oroszlan-Szovik, Krisztina; Ozmen, Laurence; Grüninger, Fiona

2014-10-01

306

Search for a low-mass scalar Higgs boson decaying to a tau pair in single-photon decays of ?(1S)  

E-print Network

We search for a low-mass scalar CP-odd Higgs boson, A[superscript 0], produced in the radiative decay of the upsilon resonance and decaying into a ?[superscript +]?[superscript ?] pair: ?(1S) ? ?A[superscript 0]. The ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

307

UZ Tau E: A New Classical T Tauri Spectroscopic Binary  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have monitored spectroscopically the classical T Tauri star UZ Tau East. Most observations were obtained with the Intermediate Dispersion Spectrograph at the Isaac Newton Telescope in La Palma Observatory. Several additional spectra were obtained with other telescopes at La Palma, ESO and Lick observatories. Radial velocities were measured via cross correlation with UZ Tau West. In total we have so far 18 radial velocity measurements spanning 2627 days (Nov 1988 -- March 1996). The radial-velocity data are well fit (sigma =2.3 km s(-1) ) with a single-line orbit solution having a period of 19.1 days, an eccentricity e=0.28, and a K of 17 km s(-1) . The projected primary semi-major axis is a sini = 0.03 AU. The orbit parameters are not yet definitive because the phase sampling is not thorough. After GW Ori and DQ Tau, UZ Tau E is the third classical T Tauri spectroscopic binary for which an orbit has been derived. A massive (0.06 Msun) circumbinary disk has been resolved at millimeter wavelengths (Jensen et al. 1996, ApJ, in press). Interestingly, UZ Tau E has a power-law infrared spectral energy distribution with no evident dip suggesting an inner region cleared by the binary. In addition, UZ Tau E is spectroscopically active with both veiling and emission lines, indicative of active accretion at a stellar surface despite the close companion. With this discovery UZ Tau becomes a quadruple system, as UZ Tau West is a speckle binary with a projected separation of 50 AU.

Mathieu, R. D.; Martin, E. L.; Magazzu, A.

1996-09-01

308

Lost after translation: missorting of Tau protein and consequences for Alzheimer disease.  

PubMed

Tau is a microtubule-associated-protein that is sorted into neuronal axons in physiological conditions. In Alzheimer disease (AD) and other tauopathies, Tau sorting mechanisms fail and Tau becomes missorted into the somatodendritic compartment. In AD, aberrant amyloid-? (A?) production might trigger Tau missorting. The physiological axonal sorting of Tau depends on the developmental stage of the neuron, the phosphorylation state of Tau and the microtubule cytoskeleton. Disease-associated missorting of Tau is connected to increased phosphorylation and aggregation of Tau, and impaired microtubule interactions. Disease-causing mechanisms involve impaired transport, aberrant kinase activation, non-physiological interactions of Tau, and prion-like spreading. In this review we focus on the physiological and pathological (mis)sorting of Tau, the underlying mechanisms, and effects in disease. PMID:25223701

Zempel, Hans; Mandelkow, Eckhard

2014-12-01

309

Quantitative Analysis of Tau-Microtubule Interaction Using FRET  

PubMed Central

The interaction between the microtubule associated protein, tau and the microtubules is investigated. A fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assay was used to determine the distance separating tau to the microtubule wall, as well as the binding parameters of the interaction. By using microtubules stabilized with Flutax-2 as donor and tau labeled with rhodamine as acceptor, a donor-to-acceptor distance of 54 ± 1 Å was found. A molecular model is proposed in which Flutax-2 is directly accessible to tau-rhodamine molecules for energy transfer. By titration, we calculated the stoichiometric dissociation constant to be equal to 1.0 ± 0.5 µM. The influence of the C-terminal tails of ??-tubulin on the tau-microtubule interaction is presented once a procedure to form homogeneous solution of cleaved tubulin has been determined. The results indicate that the C-terminal tails of ?- and ?-tubulin by electrostatic effects and of recruitment seem to be involved in the binding mechanism of tau. PMID:25196605

Di Maïo, Isabelle L.; Barbier, Pascale; Allegro, Diane; Brault, Cédric; Peyrot, Vincent

2014-01-01

310

The Triple Binary Star EQ Tau with an Active Component  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New photometric data of EQ Tau observed in 2010 and 2013 are presented. Light curves obtained in 2000 and 2004 by Yuan & Qian and 2001 by Yang & Liu, together with our two newly determined sets of light curves, were analyzed using the Wilson-Devinney code. The five sets of light curves exhibit very obvious variations, implying that the light curves of EQ Tau show a strong O'Connell effect. We found that EQ Tau is an A-type shallow contact binary with a contact degree of f = 11.8%; variable dark spots on the primary component of EQ Tau were also observed. Using 10 new times of minimum light, together with those collected from the literature, the orbital period change of EQ Tau was analyzed. We found that its orbital period includes a secular decrease (dP/dt = -3.63 × 10-8 days yr-1) and a cyclic oscillation (A 3 = 0.0058 days and P 3 = 22.7 yr). The secular increase of the period can be explained by mass transfer from the more massive component to the less massive one or/and angular momentum loss due to a magnetic stellar wind. The Applegate mechanism cannot explain the cyclic orbital period change. A probable transit-like event was observed in 2010. Therefore, the cyclic orbital period change of EQ Tau may be due to the light time effect of a third body.

Li, K.; Qian, S.-B.; Hu, S.-M.; He, J.-J.

2014-05-01

311

Potent inhibition of tau fibrillization with a multivalent ligand  

SciTech Connect

Small-molecule inhibitors of tau fibrillization are under investigation as tools for interrogating the tau aggregation pathway and as potential therapeutic agents for Alzheimer's disease. Established inhibitors include thiacarbocyanine dyes, which can inhibit recombinant tau fibrillization in the presence of anionic surfactant aggregation inducers. In an effort to increase inhibitory potency, a cyclic bis-thiacarbocyanine molecule containing two thiacarbocyanine moieties was synthesized and characterized with respect to tau fibrillization inhibitory activity by electron microscopy and ligand aggregation state by absorbance spectroscopy. Results showed that the inhibitory activity of the bis-thiacarbocyanine was qualitatively similar to a monomeric cyanine dye, but was more potent with 50% inhibition achieved at {approx}80 nM concentration. At all concentrations tested in aqueous solution, the bis-thiacarbocyanine collapsed to form a closed clamshell structure. However, the presence of tau protein selectively stabilized the open conformation. These results suggest that the inhibitory activity of bis-thiacarbocyanine results from multivalency, and reveal a route to more potent tau aggregation inhibitors.

Honson, Nicolette S.; Jensen, Jordan R. [Center for Molecular Neurobiology, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Darby, Michael V. [College of Pharmacy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Kuret, Jeff [Center for Molecular Neurobiology, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)], E-mail: kuret.3@osu.edu

2007-11-09

312

Ionizing radiation causes increased tau phosphorylation in primary neurons.  

PubMed

Radiotherapy is the major treatment modality for primary and metastatic brain tumors which involves the exposure of brain to ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation can induce various detrimental pathophysiological effects in the adult brain, and Alzheimer's disease and related neurodegenerative disorders are considered to be late effects of radiation. In this study, we investigated whether ionizing radiation causes changes in tau phosphorylation in cultured primary neurons similar to that in Alzheimer's disease. We demonstrated that exposure to 0.5 or 2 Gy ? rays causes increased phosphorylation of tau protein at several phosphorylation sites in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Consistently, we also found ionizing radiation causes increased activation of GSK3?, c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase before radiation-induced increase in tau phosphorylation. Specific inhibitors of these kinases almost fully blocked radiation-induced tau phosphorylation. Our studies further revealed that oxidative stress plays an important role in ionizing radiation-induced tau phosphorylation, likely through the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase, but not GSK3?. Overall, our studies suggest that ionizing radiation may cause increased risk for development of Alzheimer's disease by promoting abnormal tau phosphorylation. PMID:24861936

Li, Li; Wang, Wenzhang; Welford, Scott; Zhang, Teng; Wang, Xinglong; Zhu, Xiongwei

2014-10-01

313

Preliminary Measurement of B(tau- ---> K- pi0 nu/tau) Using the BaBar Detector  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary measurement of the branching fraction {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) is made using 124.4 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} collision data provided by the PEP-II accelerator, operating primarily at {radical}s = 10.58 GeV, and recorded using the BABAR detector. They measure: {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -} {pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.438 {+-} 0.004(stat) {+-} 0.022(syst))%. This result is the world's most precise measurement of this branching fraction to date and is consistent with the world average.

Salvatore, F.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; Lyon, A.J.; /Manchester U.

2005-07-08

314

cuTauLeaping: A GPU-Powered Tau-Leaping Stochastic Simulator for Massive Parallel Analyses of Biological Systems  

PubMed Central

Tau-leaping is a stochastic simulation algorithm that efficiently reconstructs the temporal evolution of biological systems, modeled according to the stochastic formulation of chemical kinetics. The analysis of dynamical properties of these systems in physiological and perturbed conditions usually requires the execution of a large number of simulations, leading to high computational costs. Since each simulation can be executed independently from the others, a massive parallelization of tau-leaping can bring to relevant reductions of the overall running time. The emerging field of General Purpose Graphic Processing Units (GPGPU) provides power-efficient high-performance computing at a relatively low cost. In this work we introduce cuTauLeaping, a stochastic simulator of biological systems that makes use of GPGPU computing to execute multiple parallel tau-leaping simulations, by fully exploiting the Nvidia's Fermi GPU architecture. We show how a considerable computational speedup is achieved on GPU by partitioning the execution of tau-leaping into multiple separated phases, and we describe how to avoid some implementation pitfalls related to the scarcity of memory resources on the GPU streaming multiprocessors. Our results show that cuTauLeaping largely outperforms the CPU-based tau-leaping implementation when the number of parallel simulations increases, with a break-even directly depending on the size of the biological system and on the complexity of its emergent dynamics. In particular, cuTauLeaping is exploited to investigate the probability distribution of bistable states in the Schlögl model, and to carry out a bidimensional parameter sweep analysis to study the oscillatory regimes in the Ras/cAMP/PKA pathway in S. cerevisiae. PMID:24663957

Besozzi, Daniela; Pescini, Dario; Mauri, Giancarlo

2014-01-01

315

Identification of structural determinants on tau protein essential for its pathological function: novel therapeutic target for tau immunotherapy in Alzheimer’s disease  

PubMed Central

Introduction Pathologically modified tau protein is the main feature of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and related tauopathies. Therefore, immunotherapies that target mis-disordered tau represent a promising avenue for the disease-modifying treatment of AD. In this report, we present our discovery of (1) a novel target for tau immunotherapy; (2) monoclonal antibody DC8E8, which neutralizes this target; and (3) the results of efficacy studies of DC8E8 in a murine model of tauopathy. Methods In vitro tau oligomerisation assays were used for the selection of antibodies. The therapeutic efficacy of DC8E8 was evaluated in transgenic mice. The structure of the DC8E8 epitope was determined by X-ray crystallography. Results Screening of a panel of monoclonal antibodies for their inhibitory activity in an in vitro pathological tau–tau interaction assay yielded DC8E8, which reduced the amount of oligomeric tau by 84%. DC8E8 recognised all developmental stages of tau pathology in AD human brains, including pretangles and intra- and extracellular tangles. Treatment with DC8E8 in a mouse AD model expressing mis-disordered human tau significantly reduced the amount of insoluble oligomerised tau and the number of early and mature neurofibrillary tangles in the transgenic mouse brains. By using a panel of tau-derived peptides in a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we identified the tau domain essential for pathological tau–tau interaction, which is targeted by DC8E8. The antibody was capable of binding to four highly homologous and yet independent binding regions on tau, each of which is a separate epitope. The X-ray structure of the DC8E8 Fab apo form, solved at 3.0 Å, suggested that the four DC8E8 epitopes form protruding structures on the tau molecule. Finally, by kinetic measurements with surface plasmon resonance, we determined that antibody DC8E8 is highly discriminatory between pathological and physiological tau. Conclusions We have discovered defined determinants on mis-disordered truncated tau protein which are responsible for tau oligomerisation leading to neurofibrillary degeneration. Antibody DC8E8 reactive with these determinants is able to inhibit tau–tau interaction in vitro and in vivo. DC8E8 is able to discriminate between the healthy and diseased tau proteome, making its epitopes suitable targets, and DC8E8 a suitable candidate molecule, for AD immunotherapy. PMID:25478018

2014-01-01

316

Mid-infrared observations of the transitional disks around DH Tau, DM Tau, and GM Aur  

E-print Network

Aims: We present mid-infrared observations and photometry of the transitional disks around the young stellar objects DH Tau, DM Tau, and GM Aur, obtained with VISIR/VLT in N band. Our aim is to resolve the inner region and the large-scale structures of these transitional disks, carrying potential signatures of intermediate or later stages of disk evolution and ongoing planet formation. Methods: We use the simultaneously observed standard-stars as PSF reference to constrain the radial flux profiles of our target objects. Subtracting the obtained standard-star profile from the corresponding science object profile yields the flux residuals produced by the star-disk system. A detection threshold takes into account the background standard deviation and also the seeing variations during the observations to evaluate the significance of these flux residuals. On the basis of a simple model for the dust re-emission, we derive constraints on the inner radius of the dust disk. Results: We spatially resolve the transition...

Gräfe, Christian; Roccatagliata, Veronica; Sauter, Jürgen; Ertel, Steve

2011-01-01

317

Search for the Higgs boson in lepton, tau, and jets final states  

E-print Network

We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in final states with an electron or muon and a hadronically decaying tau lepton in association with two or more jets using 9.7??fb(?1) of Run II Fermilab Tevatron Collider data collected...

Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Chen, G.; Clutter, Justace Randall; Sekaric, Jadranka; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Askew, A.; Atkins, S.

2013-08-17

318

Search for tau -> gamma mu: A test of lepton number conservation  

E-print Network

A search for the lepton number violating decay of the tau lepton to the gammamu final state has been performed with the CLEO II detector at the Cornell e+e- storage ring CESR. In a data sample that corresponds to an ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1993-01-01

319

Planet formation in multiple stellar systems: GG Tau A  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GG Tau is a hierarchical quadruple system of young, low-mass stars. Because of its well-studied bright circumbinary ring of dust and gas surrounding the main binary GG Tau A, it is a unique laboratory to study planet formation in the disturbed environment of binary/multiple stellar systems. We have started a large observing program of GG Tau A that combines several high-resolution instruments in a multi-wavelength approach. We have recently reported the detection of a new low-mass companion in GG Tau A that turns out to itself be a triple system. This discovery was possible thanks to the very high angular resolution of the near-IR instrument PIONIER on the VLT interferometer, and was confirmed with sub-aperture masking techniques on VLT/NaCo. The detected close binary GG Tau Ab (? = 0.032'', or about 5 AU) provides a natural explanation for two enigmas: the discrepancy between the dynamical mass and the spectral type estimates in GG Tau A, and the absence of dust thermal emission in the vicinity of the Ab component. GRAVITY will provide the adequate angular resolution to complete the astrometric characterization of the close binary in the next 10 years. With now 5 coeval low-mass stars, GG Tau is an ideal laboratory to calibrate stellar evolution tracks at young ages (few Myr). Beyond this peculiar system, GRAVITY also has a strong potential to study the impact of multiplicity on the existence of disks, and in fine on planet formation mechanisms in multiple systems.

Di Folco, E.; Dutrey, A.; Guilloteau, S.; Le Bouquin, J.-B.; Lacour, S.; Berger, J.-P.; Köhler, R.; Piétu, V.

2014-12-01

320

Search for charged Higgs bosons decaying via H+ -> tau nu in top quark pair events using pp collision data at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

SciTech Connect

The results of a search for charged Higgs bosons are presented. The analysis is based on 4.6 fb{sup -1} of proton-proton collision data at {radical}s = 7 TeV collected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, using top quark pair events with a {tau} lepton in the final state. The data are consistent with the expected background from Standard Model processes. Assuming that the branching ratio of the charged Higgs boson to a {tau} lepton and a neutrino is 100%, this leads to upper limits on the branching ratio of top quark decays to a b quark and a charged Higgs boson between 5% and 1% for charged Higgs boson masses ranging from 90 GeV to 160 GeV, respectively. In the context of the m{sub h}{sup max} scenario of the MSSM, tan {beta} above 12-26, as well as between 1 and 2-6, can be excluded for charged Higgs boson masses between 90 GeV and 150 GeV.

Aad, Georges; Abbott, Brad; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdel Khalek, Samah; Abdelalim, Ahmed Ali; Abdinov, Ovsat; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; AbouZeid, Ossama; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; /SUNY, Albany /Alberta U. /Ankara U. /Dumlupinar U. /Gazi U. /TOBB ETU, Ankara /TAEK, Ankara /Annecy, LAPP /Argonne /Arizona U. /Texas U., Arlington

2012-04-01