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1

Michel parameters and tau neutrino helicity from decay correlations in Z -> tau+tau-  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Michel parameters and the average tau-neutrino helicity are measured using correlations between the decays of the tau+ and tau- produced on the Z resonance and observed in the ALEPH detector at LEP. The Michel parameters, rhol, etal, xil, (deltaxi)l, are determined from tau -> lnulnutau with l = (e, mu), and the average tau neutrino helicity, , from tau

D. Buskulic; D. Casper; I. de Bonis; D. Decamp; P. Ghez; C. Goy; J.-P. Lees; M.-N. Minard; P. Odier; B. Pietrzyk; F. Ariztizabal; M. Chmeissani; J. M. Crespo; I. Efthymiopoulos; E. Fernandez; M. Fernandez-Bosman; V. Gaitan; Ll. Garrido; M. Martinez; S. Orteu; A. Pacheco; C. Padilla; F. Palla; A. Pascual; J. A. Perlas; F. Sanchez; F. Teubert; D. Creanza; M. de Palma; A. Farilla; G. Iaselli; G. Maggi; N. Marinelli; S. Natali; S. Nuzzo; A. Ranieri; G. Raso; F. Romano; F. Ruggieri; G. Selvaggi; L. Silvestris; P. Tempesta; G. Zito; X. Huang; J. Lin; Q. Ouyang; T. Wang; Y. Xie; R. Xu; S. Xue; J. Zhang; L. Zhang; W. Zhao; G. Bonvicini; M. Cattaneo; P. Comas; P. Coyle; H. Drevermann; A. Engelhardt; R. W. Forty; M. Frank; G. Ganis; M. Girone; R. Hagelberg; J. Harvey; R. Jacobsen; B. Jost; J. Knobloch; I. Lehraus; M. Maggi; C. Markou; E. B. Martin; P. Mato; H. Meinhard; A. Minten; R. Miquel; P. Palazzi; J. R. Pater; P. Perrodo; J.-F. Pusztaszeri; F. Ranjard; L. Rolandi; D. Schlatter; M. Schmelling; W. Tejessy; I. R. Tomalin; R. Veenhof; A. Venturi; H. Wachsmuth; W. Wiedenmann; T. Wildish; W. Witzeling; J. Wotschack; Z. Ajaltouni; M. Bardadin-Otwinowska; A. Barres; C. Boyer; A. Falvard; P. Gay; C. Guicheney; P. Henrard; J. Jousset; B. Michel; S. Monteil; J.-C. Montret; D. Pallin; P. Perret; F. Podlyski; J. Proriol; J.-M. Rossignol; F. Saadi; T. Fearnley; J. B. Hansen; J. D. Hansen; P. H. Hansen; S. D. Johnson; B. S. Nilsson; A. Kyriakis; E. Simopoulou; I. Siotis; A. Vayaki; K. Zachariadou; A. Blondel; G. Bonneaud; J. C. Brient; P. Bourdon; L. Passalacqua; A. Rougé; M. Rumpf; R. Tanaka; A. Valassi; M. Verderi; H. Videau; D. J. Candlin; M. I. Parsons; E. Veitch; E. Focardi; G. Parrini; M. Corden; M. Delfino; C. Georgiopoulos; D. E. Jaffe; A. Antonelli; G. Bencivenni; G. Bologna; F. Bossi; P. Campana; G. Capon; F. Cerutti; V. Chiarella; G. Felici; P. Laurelli; G. Mannocchi; F. Murtas; G. P. Murtas; M. Pepe-Altarelli; S. Salomone; P. Colrain; I. Ten Have; I. G. Knowles; J. G. Lynch; W. Maitland; W. T. Morton; C. Raine; P. Reeves; J. M. Scarr; K. Smith; M. G. Smith; A. S. Thompson; S. Thorn; R. M. Turnbull; U. Becker; O. Braun; C. Geweniger; G. Graefe; P. Hanke; V. Hepp; E. E. Kluge; A. Putzer; B. Rensch; M. Schmidt; J. Sommer; H. Stenzel; K. Tittel; M. Wunsch; R. Beuselinck; D. M. Binnie; W. Cameron; D. J. Colling; P. J. Dornan; N. Konstantinidis; L. Moneta; A. Moutoussi; J. Nash; G. San Martin; J. K. Sedgbeer; A. M. Stacey; G. Dissertori; P. Girtler; E. Kneringer; D. Kuhn; G. Rudolph; C. K. Bowdery; T. J. Brodbeck; A. J. Finch; F. Foster; G. Hughes; D. Jackson; N. R. Keemer; M. Nuttall; A. Patel; T. Sloan; S. W. Snow; E. P. Whelan; A. Galla; A. M. Greene; K. Kleinknecht; J. Raab; B. Renk; H.-G. Sander; H. Schmidt; S. M. Walther; R. Wanke; B. Wolf; J. J. Aubert; A. M. Bencheikh; C. Benchouk; A. Bonissent; G. Bujosa; D. Calvet; J. Carr; C. Diaconu; F. Etienne; M. Thulasidas; D. Nicod; P. Payre; D. Rousseau; M. Talby; I. Abt; R. Assmann; C. Bauer; W. Blum; D. Brown; H. Dietl; F. Dydak; C. Gotzhein; A. W. Halley; K. Jakobs; H. Kroha; G. Lütjens; G. Lutz; W. Männer; H.-G. Moser; R. Richter; A. Rosado-Schlosser; A. S. Schwarz; R. Settles; H. Seywerd; U. Stierlin; R. St. Denis; G. Wolf; R. Alemany; J. Boucrot; O. Callot; A. Cordier; F. Courault; M. Davier; L. Duflot; J.-F. Grivaz; Ph. Heusse; M. Jacquet; P. Janot; D. W. Kim; F. Le Diberder; J. Lefrançois; A.-M. Lutz; G. Musolino; I. Nikolic; H. J. Park; I. C. Park; M.-H. Schune; S. Simion; J.-J. Veillet; I. Videau; D. Abbaneo; G. Bagliesi; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; U. Bottigli; C. Bozzi; G. Calderini; M. Carpinelli; M. A. Ciocci; V. Ciulli; R. dell'Orso; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; L. Foà; F. Forti; A. Giassi; M. A. Giorgi; A. Gregorio; F. Ligabue; A. Lusiani; P. S. Marrocchesi; A. Messineo; G. Rizzo; G. Sanguinetti; A. Sciabà; P. Spagnolo; J. Steinberger; R. Tenchini; G. Tonelli; G. Triggiani; C. Vannini; P. G. Verdini; J. Walsh; A. P. Betteridge; G. A. Blair; L. M. Bryant; Y. Gao; M. G. Green; D. L. Johnson; T. Medcalf; Ll. M. Mir; J. A. Strong; V. Bertin; D. R. Botterill; R. W. Clifft; T. R. Edgecock; S. Haywood; M. Edwards; P. Maley; P. R. Norton; J. C. Thompson; B. Bloch-Devaux; P. Colas; H. Duarte; S. Emery; W. Kozanecki; E. Lançon; M. C. Lemaire; E. Locci; B. Marx; P. Perez; J. Rander; J.-F. Renardy; A. Rosowsky; A. Roussarie; J.-P. Schuller; J. Schwindling; D. Si Mohand; A. Trabelsi; B. Vallage; R. P. Johnson; A. M. Litke; G. Taylor; J. Wear; A. Beddall; C. N. Booth; R. Boswell; S. Cartwright; F. Combley; I. Dawson; A. Koksal; M. Letho; W. M. Newton; C. Rankin; L. F. Thompson; A. Böhrer; S. Brandt; G. Cowan; E. Feigl; C. Grupen; G. Lutters; J. Minguet-Rodriguez; F. Rivera; P. Saraiva; U. Schäfer; L. Smolik; L. Bosisio; R. della Marina; G. Giannini; B. Gobbo; L. Pitis; F. Ragusa; H. Kim; J. Rothberg; S. Wasserbaech; S. R. Armstrong

1995-01-01

2

Tau Decays into Kaons  

E-print Network

Predictions for semi-leptonic decay rates of the tau lepton into two and three meson final states with one or two kaons are derived, including a discussion of K_S pi- K_S, K_L pi- K_L and K_S pi- K_L. The hadronic matrix elements are expressed in terms of form factors, which can be predicted by chiral Lagrangians supplemented by informations about all possible low-lying resonances in the different channels. Isospin symmetry relations among the different final states are carefully taken into account. The calculated branching ratios are compared with measured decay rates where data are available.

Markus Finkemeier; Erwin Mirkes

1995-03-30

3

Structure Functions in Semihadronic Tau Decays  

E-print Network

We review a variety of topics related to hadronic structure functions in exclusive semihadronic tau decays. We introduce the concept of structure functions and summarize the most important concepts. We then calculate the decay $\\tau \\to 3 \\pi \

Gilberto Colangelo; Markus Finkemeier; Erwin Mirkes; Res Urech

1996-11-14

4

First Observation of tau -> 3 pi eta tau-neutrino and tau -> f1 pi tau-neutrino Decays  

SciTech Connect

We have observed new channels for {tau} decays with an {eta} in the final state. We study 3-prong tau decays, using the {eta} {yields} {gamma}{gamma} and {eta} {yields} 3{pi}{sup 0} decay modes and 1-prong decays with two {pi}{sup 0}'s using the {eta} {yields} {gamma}{gamma} channel. The measured branching fractions are {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{eta}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (3.4{sub -0.5}{sup +0.6} {+-} 0.6) x 10{sup -4} and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}2{pi}{sup 0}{eta}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.4 {+-} 0.6 {+-} 0.3) x 10{sup -4}. We observe clear evidence for f{sub 1} {yields} {eta}{pi}{pi} substructure and measure {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} f{sub 1}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} ) = (5.8{sub -1.3}{sup +1.4} {+-} 1.8) x 10{sup -4}. We have also searched for {eta}{prime}(958) production and obtain 90% CL upper limits {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{eta}{prime}{nu}{sub {tau}}) < 7.4 x 10{sup -5} and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{eta}{prime}{nu}{sub {tau}}) < 8.0 x 10{sup -5}.

Jessop, Colin P.

2003-05-05

5

First observation of tau->3 pi eta nu(tau) and tau->f(1)pi nu(tau) decays  

E-print Network

We have observed new channels for tau decays with an eta in the final state. We study 3-prong tau decays, using the eta --> gamma gamma and eta --> 3 pi(0) decay modes and 1-prong decays with two pi(0)'s using the eta --> ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

1997-09-01

6

Analysis of 3587 tau+ Decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of 3587 tau+-->pi- +pi++pi+ decay events is presented. These events were found in an area scanning of an emulsion stack of 600-600-mu Ilford G5 emulsion pellicles exposed to a 300-MeV\\/c separated K+ beam at the Bevatron of the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory. The pion energy spectra are compared with the predictions of linear-matrix-element theory, the pion-pole model, and the

T. Huetter; S. Taylor; E. L. Koller; P. Stamer; J. Grauman

1965-01-01

7

Observation of the Semileptonic Decays B>D*tau-nu¯tau and Evidence for B>Dtau-nu¯tau  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present measurements of the semileptonic decays B--->D0tau-nu¯tau, B--->D*0tau-nu¯tau, B¯0-->D+tau-nu¯tau, and B¯0-->D*+tau-nu¯tau, which are potentially sensitive to non-standard model amplitudes. The data sample comprises 232×106 Upsilon(4S)-->BB¯ decays collected with the BABAR detector. From a combined fit to B- and B¯0 channels, we obtain the branching fractions B(B-->Dtau-nu¯tau)=(0.86±0.24±0.11±0.06)% and B(B-->D*tau-nu¯tau)=(1.62±0.31±0.10±0.05)% (normalized for the B¯0), where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; L. Wang; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni

2008-01-01

8

Crystal Ball results on tau decays  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews measurements and upper limit determinations for a number of exclusive 1-prong tau decay modes using the Crystal Ball detector. These results are important input to the apparent discrepancy between the topological and sum-of-exclusive branching fractions in 1-prong tau decays.

Lowe, S.T.

1987-10-01

9

Precision Measurements of Tau Lepton Decays  

SciTech Connect

Using data collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II electron-positron storage ring operating at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV, the branching fractions {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (8.83 {+-} 0.01 {+-} 0.13)%, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.273 {+-} 0.002 {+-} 0.009)%, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.1346 {+-} 0.0010 {+-} 0.0036)%, and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.58 {+-} 0.13 {+-} 0.12) x 10{sup -5} are measured where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. The invariant mass distribution for the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays are unfolded to correct for detector effects. A measurement of {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {phi}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (3.42 {+-} 0.55 {+-} 0.25) x 10{sup -5}, a measurement of {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {phi}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (3.39 {+-} 0.20 {+-} 0.28) x 10{sup -5} and an upper limit on {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}[ex.{phi}]) {le} 2.5 x 10{sup -6} {at} 905 CL are determined from a binned maximum likelihood fit of the {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} K{sup +}K{sup -} invariant mass distributions. The branching ratio {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) is measured to be (6.531 {+-} 0.056 {+-} 0.093) x 10{sup -2} from which |V{sub us}| is determined to be 0.2255 {+-} 0.0023. The branching ratio {Beta}/({tau}{sup -} {yields} {mu}{nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub e}) = (9.796 {+-} 0.016 {+-} 0.035) x 10{sup -1} is measured enabling a precision test of the Standard Model assumption of charged current lepton universality, g{sub {mu}}/g{sub e} = 1.0036 {+-} 0.0020. The branching ratios {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub e}) = (3.882 {+-} 0.032 {+-} 0.057) x 10{sup -2}, and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub e}) = (5.9545 {+-} 0.014 {+-} 0.061) x 10{sup -1} are measured which provide additional tests of charged current lepton universality, (g{sub {tau}}/g{sub {mu}}){sub {pi}} = 0.9856 {+-} 0.0057 and (g{sub {tau}}/g{sub {mu}}){sub K} = 0.9827 {+-} 0.0086 which can be combined to give (g{sub {tau}}/g{sub {mu}}){sub {pi}/K} = 0.9850 {+-} 0.0054. Any deviation of these measurements from the expected Standard Model values would be an indication of new physics.

Nugent, Ian M.; /Victoria U.

2010-03-16

10

Rates and Distributions in Tau Decay  

E-print Network

Semileptonic decays of polarised $\\tau$ leptons are investigated. Predictions for the rate, based on CVC and chiral Lagrangians, are contrasted with experiments. Predictions for the angular distributions of three meson final states are given. Emphasis is put on studies in electron-positron annihilation where the neutrino escapes detection and the $\\tau$ restframe cannot be reconstructed. It is shown that the form factors can be measured in ongoing high statistics experiments. Of particular interest for the three meson case are the distribution of the normal to the Dalitz plane and the distribution around this normal. At LEP these distributions allow for an improved measurement of the $\\tau$ polarisation. Implications are considered for an experiment where the $\\tau$ restframe is reconstructed. It is shown that the measurement of impact parameters with the help of vertex detectors allows a full kinematic reconstruction, including the direction of the $\\tau$ and the missing neutrino momentum.

J. H. Kühn

1993-07-14

11

Observation of radiative leptonic decay of the tau lepton  

E-print Network

Using 4.68 fb(-1) of e(+) e(-) annihilation data collected with the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have studied tau radiative decays tau(-) --> nu(tau)mu(-)(mu)gamma and tau- --> nu(tau)e(-)<(nu)over bar...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhao, X.

2000-01-01

12

Evidence for B+ --> tau+ nu_tau Decays using Hadronic B Tags  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for the decay B{sup +} --> {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} using 467.8 x 10{sup 6} B{anti B} pairs collected at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B-Factory. We select a sample of events with on completely reconstructed B{sup -} in an hadronic decay mode (B{sup -} --> D{sup (*)0}X{sup -} and B{sup -} --> J/{psi} X{sup -}). We examine the rest of the event to search for a B{sup +} --> {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} decay. We identify the {tau}{sup +} lepton in the following modes: {tau}{sup +} --> e{sup +} {nu}{sub e}{anti {nu}}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup +} --> {mu}{sup +} {nu}{sub {mu}}{anti {nu}}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup +} --> {pi}{sup +}{anti {nu}}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup +} --> {rho}{anti {nu}}{sub {tau}}. We find an excess of events with respect to expected background, which excludes the null signal hypothesis at the level of 3.3 {sigma} and can be converted to a branching fraction central value of B(B{sup +} --> {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}})= (1.80{sup + 0.57}{sub - 0.54}(stat.) {+-} 0.26 (syst.)) x 10{sup -4}.

del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Milanes, D.A.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-08-11

13

Reconstruction and selection of Z{yields}{tau}{tau}{yields}{mu}+{tau}-jet+{nu}'s decays at the CMS experiment  

SciTech Connect

At the LHC, tau leptons are expected in final states of many important physics processes including Supersymmetry and the production of Higgs boson(s) and other exotic particles. An efficient and accurate {tau} reconstruction and identification are therefore an important part of the CMS physics programme. Z{sup 0}{yields}{tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} decays are often considered the ''standard candle'' of tau reconstruction as they validate tau lepton identification and provide a test bench for Higgs searches (for which they constitute the main irreducible background). We describe techniques for selecting and reconstructing the Z{sup 0}{yields}{tau}{sup {+-}}{tau}{sup {-+}}{yields}{mu}{sup {+-}}{nu}{sub {mu}}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}({bar {nu}}{sub {mu}}{nu}{sub {tau}})+{tau}-jet{sup {-+}}{nu}{sub {tau}}({bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}) events that were developed for the measurement of the Z production cross-section by the CMS experiment using 200 pb{sup -1} of the LHC collision data at the center-of-mass energy {radical}(s) 10 TeV. We validate these techniques using simulated events and present a data-driven method for estimating background contributions to this measurement.

Lusito, Letizia [Orabona 4, I-70126 Bari (Italy); CERN, CH-1211 Geneve 23 (Switzerland)

2010-12-22

14

A/sub 1/ in tau decay  

SciTech Connect

The decay tau..--> nu../sub tau/..pi pi pi.. provides a potentially powerful means of observing the axial-vector isovector state expected in the region of 1.2 GeV. Extraction of the properties of this resonance is, however, complicated by its broad width. We examine the problems of studying such a resonance, especially the model dependence of its deduced mass and width. Within a clearly defined and well-tested model we find m/sub a//sub >1/ = 1220 +- 15 MeV and GAMMA/sub a//sub >1/ = 420 +- 40 MeV.

Isgur, N.; Morningstar, C.; Reader, C.

1989-03-01

15

First search for CP violation in tau lepton decay  

E-print Network

difference between the tau(-) and tau(+) decay angular distributions for the semileptonic decay modes such as tau(-) --> K-0 pi(-) nu. We define an observable asymmetry to exploit this and find no evidence for any CP violation. [S0031-9007(98)07548-6]....

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

1998-11-01

16

New limits for neutrinoless tau decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neutrinoless 3-prong tau lepton decays into a charged lepton and either two charged particles or one neutral meson have been searched for using 4.79 fb-1 of data collected with the CLEO II detector at Cornell Electron Storage Ring. This analysis represents an update of a previous study and the addition of six decay channels. In all channels the numbers of events found are compatible with background estimates and branching fraction upper limits are set for 28 different decay modes. These limits are either more stringent than those set previously or represent the first attempt to find these decays.

Bliss, D. W.; Masek, G.; Paar, H. P.; Prell, S.; Sharma, V.; Asner, D. M.; Gronberg, J.; Hill, T. S.; Lange, D. J.; Morrison, R. J.; Nelson, H. N.; Nelson, T. K.; Roberts, D.; Ryd, A.; Balest, R.; Behrens, B. H.; Ford, W. T.; Park, H.; Roy, J.; Smith, J. G.; Alexander, J. P.; Baker, R.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B. E.; Berkelman, K.; Bloom, K.; Boisvert, V.; Cassel, D. G.; Crowcroft, D. S.; Dickson, M.; von Dombrowski, S.; Drell, P. S.; Ecklund, K. M.; Ehrlich, R.; Foland, A. D.; Gaidarev, P.; Galik, R. S.; Gibbons, L.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S. W.; Hartill, D. L.; Heltsley, B. K.; Hopman, P. I.; Kandaswamy, J.; Kim, P. C.; Kreinick, D. L.; Lee, T.; Liu, Y.; Mistry, N. B.; Ng, C. R.; Nordberg, E.; Ogg, M.; Patterson, J. R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Soffer, A.; Valant-Spaight, B.; Ward, C.; Athanas, M.; Avery, P.; Jones, C. D.; Lohner, M.; Patton, S.; Prescott, C.; Yelton, J.; Zheng, J.; Brandenburg, G.; Briere, R. A.; Ershov, A.; Gao, Y. S.; Kim, D. Y.-J.; Wilson, R.; Yamamoto, H.; Browder, T. E.; Li, Y.; Rodriguez, J. L.; Bergfeld, T.; Eisenstein, B. I.; Ernst, J.; Gladding, G. E.; Gollin, G. D.; Hans, R. M.; Johnson, E.; Karliner, I.; Marsh, M. A.; Palmer, M.; Selen, M.; Thaler, J. J.; Edwards, K. W.; Bellerive, A.; Janicek, R.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Patel, P. M.; Sadoff, A. J.; Ammar, R.; Baringer, P.; Bean, A.; Besson, D.; Coppage, D.; Darling, C.; Davis, R.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, N.; Zhou, L.; Anderson, S.; Kubota, Y.; Lee, S. J.; O'neill, J. J.; Poling, R.; Riehle, T.; Smith, A.; Alam, M. S.; Athar, S. B.; Ling, Z.; Mahmood, A. H.; Timm, S.; Wappler, F.; Anastassov, A.; Duboscq, J. E.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K. K.; Hart, T.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Spencer, M. B.; Sung, M.; Undrus, A.; Wanke, R.; Wolf, A.; Zoeller, M. M.; Nemati, B.; Richichi, S. J.; Ross, W. R.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Bishai, M.; Fast, J.; Hinson, J. W.; Menon, N.; Miller, D. H.; Shibata, E. I.; Shipsey, I. P.; Yurko, M.; Glenn, S.; Johnson, S. D.; Kwon, Y.; Roberts, S.; Thorndike, E. H.; Jessop, C. P.; Lingel, K.; Marsiske, H.; Perl, M. L.; Savinov, V.; Ugolini, D.; Wang, R.; Zhou, X.; Coan, T. E.; Fadeyev, V.; Korolkov, I.; Maravin, Y.; Narsky, I.; Shelkov, V.; Staeck, J.; Stroynowski, R.; Volobouev, I.; Ye, J.; Artuso, M.; Azfar, F.; Efimov, A.; Goldberg, M.; He, D.; Kopp, S.; Moneti, G. C.; Mountain, R.; Schuh, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Viehhauser, G.; Xing, X.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S. E.; Jain, V.; McLean, K. W.; Marka, S.; Godang, R.; Kinoshita, K.; Lai, I. C.; Pomianowski, P.; Schrenk, S.; Bonvicini, G.; Cinabro, D.; Greene, R.; Perera, L. P.; Zhou, G. J.; Chadha, M.; Chan, S.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J. S.; O'grady, C.; Schmidtler, M.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A. J.; Würthwein, F.

1998-05-01

17

Measurement of the Semileptonic Decays B->D tau nu and B->D* tau nu  

SciTech Connect

The authors present measurements of the semileptonic decays B{sup -} {yields} D{sup 0} {tau}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, B{sup -} {yields} D*{sup 0} {tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +} {tau}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, and {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +} {tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, which are sensitive to non-Standard Model amplitudes in certain scenarios. The data sample consists of 232 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. They select events with a D or D* meson and a light lepton ({ell} = e or {mu}) recoiling against a fully reconstructed B meson. They perform a fit to the joint distribution of lepton momentum and missing mass squared to distinguish signal B {yields} D{sup (*)}{tau}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {tau}} ({tau}{sup -} {yields} {ell}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}{nu}{sub {tau}}) events from the backgrounds, predominantly B {yields} D{sup (*)} {ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}. They measure the branching-fraction ratios R(D) {triple_bond} {Beta}(B {yields} D{tau}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}(B {yields} D{ell}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}) and R(D*) {triple_bond} {Beta}(B {yields} D*{tau}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}(B {yields} D* {ell}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}) and, from a combined fit to B{sup -} and {bar B}{sup 0} channels, obtain the results R(D) = (41.6 {+-} 11.7 {+-} 5.2)% and R(D*) = (29.7 {+-} 5.6 {+-} 1.8)%, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic. Normalizing to measured B{sup -} {yields} D{sup (*)0} {ell}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {ell}} branching fractions, they obtain {Beta}(B {yields} D{tau}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}) = (0.86 {+-} 0.24 {+-} 0.11 {+-} 0.06)% and {Beta}(B {yields} D*{tau}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}) = (1.62 {+-} 0.31 {+-} 0.10 {+-} 0.05)%, where the additional third uncertainty is from the normalization mode. They also present, for the first time, distributions of the lepton momentum, |P*{sub {ell}}|, and the squared momentum transfer, q{sup 2}.

Aubert, : B.

2009-02-23

18

Unraveling duality violations in hadronic tau decays  

SciTech Connect

There are some indications from recent determinations of the strong coupling constant alpha_s and the gluon condensate that the Operator Product Expansion may not be accurate enough to describe non-perturbative effects in hadronic tau decays. This breakdown of the Operator Product Expansion is usually referred to as being due to"Duality Violations." With the help of a physically motivated model, we investigate these duality violations. Based on this model, we argue how they may introduce a non-negligible systematic error in the current analysis, which employs finite-energy sum rules with pinched weights. In particular, this systematic effect might affect the precision determination of alpha_s from tau decays. With a view to a possible future application to real data, we present an alternative method for determining the OPE coefficients that might help estimating, and possibly even reducing, this systematic error.

Cata, Oscar; Cata, Oscar; Golterman, Maarten; Peris, Santiago

2008-03-03

19

Study of the decay tau(-)->2 pi(-)pi(+)3 pi(0)nu(tau)  

E-print Network

with the isospin expectation but somewhat below the conserved-vector-current prediction. We have searched for resonance substructure in the decay. Within the statistical precision, the decay is saturated by the channels tau(-) --> pi(-)2 pi(0) omega nu(tau), 2 pi...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

1997-11-01

20

Searches for Lepton Flavor Violation in the Decays tau+- ---> e+- gamma and tau+- ---> mu+- gamma  

SciTech Connect

Searches for lepton-flavor-violating decays of a {tau} lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a photon have been performed with the entire dataset of (963 {+-} 7) x 10{sup 6} {tau} decays collected by the BABAR detector near the {Upsilon}(4S), {Upsilon}(3S) and {Upsilon}(2S) resonances. The searches yield no evidence of signals and they set upper limits on the branching fractions of {Beta}({tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} e{sup {+-}}{gamma}) < 3.3 x 10{sup -8} and {Beta}({tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{gamma}) < 4.4 x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, Bernard; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, David Nathan; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS; /more authors.; ,

2010-06-11

21

Study of tau decays to six pions and a neutrino  

E-print Network

The tau decays to six-pion final states have been studied with the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. The measured branching fractions are B(tau (-) --> 2 pi (-)pi (-)3 pi (0)nu (tau)) = (2.2 +/- 0.3 +/- 0.4) X 10(-4) and B...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Zhao, X.

2001-05-01

22

Study of tau decays to six pions and a neutrino  

E-print Network

The tau decays to six-pion final states have been studied with the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. The measured branching fractions are B(tau (-) --> 2 pi (-)pi (-)3 pi (0)nu (tau)) = (2.2 +/- 0.3 +/- ...

Anastassov, A.; Duboscq, J. E.; Eckhart, E.; Gan, K. K.; Gwon, C.; Hart, T.; Honscheid, K.; Hufnagel, D.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Pedlar, T. K.; Karamov, S.; Majumder, G.; Moneti, G. C.; Mountain, R.; Schuh, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Viehhauser, G.; Wang, J. C.; Lohner, M.; Thayer, J. G.; Galik, R. S.; Wolf, A.; Wu, J.; Kopp, S.; Mahmood, A. H.; Csorna, S. E.; Danko, I.; McLean, K. W.; Xu, Z.; Godang, R.; Urner, D.; Magerkurth, A.; Bonvicini, G.; Gibbons, L.; Cinabro, D.; Dubrovin, M.; McGee, S.; Zhou, G. J.; Lipeles, E.; Pappas, S. P.; Schmidtler, M.; Valant-Spaight, B.; Shapiro, A.; Meyer, T. O.; Sun, W. M.; Weinstein, A. J.; Gittelman, B.; Wurthwein, F.; Jaffe, D. E.; Masek, G.; Paar, H. P.; Potter, E. M.; Warburton, A.; Prell, S.; Asner, D. M.; Mistry, N. B.; Eppich, A.; Hill, T. S.; Morrison, R. J.; Gray, S. W.; Briere, R. A.; Chen, G. P.; Ford, W. T.; Avery, P.; Gritsan, A.; Roy, J.; Smith, J. G.; Nordberg, E.; Alexander, J. P.; Baker, R.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B. E.; Hartill, D. L.; Berkelman, K.; Prescott, C.; Blanc, F.; Boisvert, V.; Cassel, D. G.; Drell, P. S.; Patterson, J. R.; Ecklund, K. M.; Ehrlich, R.; Heltsley, B. K.; Hopman, P. I.; Hsu, L.; Rubiera, A. I.; Schwarthoff, H.; Jones, C. D.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Thayer, J. G.; Miller, D. H.; Romano, A.; Yelton, J.; Stoeck, H.; Yelton, J.; Shibata, E. I.; Maravin, Y.; von Toerne, E.; Brandenburg, G.; Ershov, A.; Gao, Y. S.; Kim, D. Y. J.; Wilson, R.; Bergfeld, T.; Eisenstein, B. I.; Ernst, J.; Gladding, G. E.; Narsky, I.; Shipsey, I. P. J.; Gollin, G. D.; Zoeller, M. M.; Hans, R. M.; Johnson, E.; Karliner, I.; Marsh, M. A.; Palmer, M.; Plager, C.; Sedlack, C.; Stroynowski, R.; Selen, M.; Pavlunin, V.; Thaler, J. J.; Williams, J.; Richichi, S. J.; Edwards, K. W.; Janicek, R.; Patel, P. M.; Sadoff, A. J.; Ammar, Raymond G.; Ye, J.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Zhao, X.; Anderson, S.; Frolov, V. V.; Severini, H.; Kubota, Y.; Lee, S. J.; Mahapatra, R.; Wlodek, T.; O'Neill, J. J.; Poling, R.; Riehle, T.; Lyon, A. L.; Smith, A.; Stepaniak, C. J.; Urheim, J.; Ahmed, Samir; Skubic, P.; Alam, M. S.; Artuso, M.; Athar, S. B.; Jian, L.; Ling, L.; Saleem, M.; Thorndike, E. H.; Timm, S.; Wappler, F.; Undrus, A.; Chen, S.; Fast, J.; Ayad, R.; Hinson, J. W.; Lee, J.; Jessop, C. P.; Savinov, V.; Coan, T. E.; Foland, A. D.; Fadeyev, V.; Boulahouache, C.; Bukin, K.; Gaidarev, P.; Kreinick, D. L.; Dambasuren, E.

2001-05-01

23

Measurement of the decay tau(-) -> pi(-) pi(+) pi(-) 2pi(0)nu-tau  

E-print Network

The decay tau- --> pi-pi+pi-2pi0nu(tau) has been observed in e+e- annihilation using the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. In a data sample collected at square-root s is similar to 10.6 GeV, 668 +/- ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1993-09-01

24

Search for CP violation in tau -> K pi nu(tau) decays  

E-print Network

We search and find no evidence for CP violation in tau decays into the K pi v(tau) final state. We provide limits on the imaginary part of the coupling constant L describing a relative contribution of the CP violating processes with respect...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Besson, David Zeke; Zhao, X.

2002-03-01

25

First Observation of the Decay tau^- -> phi K^- nu_tau  

E-print Network

We present the first observation of tau lepton decays to hadronic final states with a phi-meson. This analysis is based on 401 fb^-1 of data accumulated at the Belle experiment. The branching fraction obtained is B(tau- -> phi K- nu) = (4.05 +- 0.25 +- 0.26) x 10^-5.

Belle colaboration

2006-09-10

26

A Search for the Decay B+ to tau+ nu_tau  

SciTech Connect

We search for the rare leptonic decay B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} in a sample of 232 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B-Factory. Signal events are selected by examining the properties of the B meson recoiling against the semileptonic decay B{sup -} {yields} D*{sup 0}{ell}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}. We find no evidence for a signal and set an upper limit on the branching fraction of {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}}) < 2.8 x 10{sup -4} at the 90% confidence level. We combine this result with a previous, statistically independent BABAR search for B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} to give an upper limit of {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}}) < 2.6 10{sup -4} at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San

2005-07-27

27

A Search for Neutrinoless Tau Decays to Three Leptons  

SciTech Connect

Using approximately 350 million {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} pair events recorded with the BaBar detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center between 1999 and 2006, a search has been made for neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating tau decays to three lighter leptons. All six decay modes consistent with conservation of electric charge and energy have been considered. With signal selection efficiencies of 5-12%, we obtain 90% confidence level upper limits on the branching fraction {Beta}({tau} {yields} {ell}{ell}{ell}) in the range (4-8) x 10{sup -8}.

Kolb, Jeffrey A.; /Oregon U. /SLAC

2008-09-24

28

Simulation of Tau Decays in the Herwig++ Event Generator  

E-print Network

We describe the simulation of tau decays in the Herwig++ event generator, which includes sophisticated modelling of the hadronic currents and full treatment of spin correlation effects. The structure of the simulation makes it easy to add new models of tau decay,change the parameters of the existing models, and use the models from tau decay for the decay of other particles. The results are compared in detail with an existing simulation, and the benefits of the new structure are illustrated by considering the decay of the lightest chargino to the lightest neutralino in Anomaly-Mediated SUSY-Breaking models.

David Grellscheid; Peter Richardson

2007-10-10

29

Measurement of the Semileptonic Anti-B to D(*) Tau Anti-Nu/Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Semileptonic B meson decays into final states containing the {tau} lepton are of interesting as they provide information on the Standard Model as well as a window on new physics effects. We present results on {bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)} {tau}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}} decays where the second B in the event is fully reconstructed.

Lopes Pegna, David; /Princeton U.

2011-11-11

30

The decay tau. -->. rho nu (and rho. -->. pi. eta nu. )  

SciTech Connect

Motivated by the question of missing exclusive branching fractions in tau decays, mostly suspected to be in one prong decays with neutrals, we have studied the decay tau ..-->.. rho nu in tau pair production by e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation at ..sqrt..s = 3.77 GeV. The branching fraction is measured to be B(tau ..-->.. rho nu) = (23.0 +- 1.3 +- 1.7)% consistent with known measurements and not offering a solution to the branching ratio question. No eta signal in the ..gamma gamma.. mass spectrum pointing to a decay tau ..-->.. eta ..pi.. nu is obvious. An upper limit on this branching fraction is given.

Stockhausen, W.

1987-04-01

31

Measurement of tau-decays involving eta-mesons  

E-print Network

The decay tau- --> nu(tau)pi-pi0eta has been observed for the first time using the CLEO-II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. The measured branching ratio (0.17 +/- 0.02 +/- 0.02)%, agrees with the CVC (conserved ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1992-12-01

32

Search for the Decay B+-->K+tau-\\/+mu±  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the lepton flavor violating decay B+-->K+tau-\\/+mu± using 383×106 BB¯ events collected by the BABAR experiment. The branching fraction for this decay can be substantially enhanced in new physics models. The kinematics of the tau from the signal B decay are inferred from the K+, mu, and other B in the event, which is fully reconstructed

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; T. Held; H. Koch; M. Pelizaeus; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; V. Ziegler; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; I. J. Forster; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; W. Menges; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; S. J. Sekula; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez

2007-01-01

33

An upper limit for the tau neutrino mass from tau -> 5pi(pi0)nutau decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a sample of 152,000 tau decays collected by the ALEPH detector at LEP an upper limit of 24 MeV at 95% CL on the tau neutrino mass has been determined. The limit is obtained using a two dimensional likelihood fit of the visible energy and the invariant mass distribution of 25 tau -> 5pi(pi0)nutau events.

Damir Buskulic; David William Casper; I. de Bonis; D. Decamp; P. Ghez; C. Goy; J.-P. Lees; M.-N. Minard; P. Odier; B. Pietrzyk; F. Ariztizabal; M. Chmeissani; J. M. Crespo; I. Efthymiopoulos; E. Fernandez; M. Fernandez-Bosman; V. Gaitan; Ll. Garrido; M. Martinez; S. Orteu; A. Pacheco; C. Padilla; Fabrizio Palla; A. Pascual; J. A. Perlas; F. Sanchez; F. Teubert; D. Creanza; M. de Palma; A. Farilla; Giuseppe Iaselli; G. Maggi; N. Marinelli; S. Natali; S. Nuzzo; A. Ranieri; G. Raso; F. Romano; F. Ruggieri; G. Selvaggi; L. Silvestris; P. Tempesta; G. Zito; X. Huang; J. Lin; Q. Ouyang; T. Wang; Y. Xie; R. Xu; S. Xue; J. Zhang; L. Zhang; W. Zhao; G. Bonvicini; David G Cassel; M. Cattaneo; P. Comas; P. Coyle; H. Drevermann; A. Engelhardt; Roger W Forty; M. Frank; G. Ganis; M. Girone; R. Hagelberg; J. Harvey; R. Jacobsen; P. Janot; B. Jost; J. Knobloch; Ivan Lehraus; M. Maggi; C. Markou; E. B. Martin; P. Mato; H. Meinhard; Adolf G Minten; R. Miquel; K. Moffeit; P. Palazzi; J. R. Pater; P. Perrodo; J.-F. Pusztaszeri; F. Ranjard; Luigi Rolandi; D. Schlatter; M. Schmelling; W. Tejessy; I. R. Tomalin; R. Veenhof; A. Venturi; H W Wachsmuth; W. Wiedenmann; T. Wildish; W. Witzeling; J. Wotschack; Ziad J Ajaltouni; Maria Bardadin-Otwinowska; A. Barres; C. Boyer; A. Falvard; P. Gay; C. Guicheney; P. Henrard; J. Jousset; B. Michel; S. Monteil; J.-C. Montret; D. Pallin; P. Perret; F. Podlyski; J. Proriol; J.-M. Rossignol; F. Saadi; Tom Fearnley; J. B. Hansen; J. D. Hansen; P. H. Hansen; S. D. Johnson; B. S. Nilsson; A. Kyriakis; Errietta Simopoulou; I. Siotis; Anna Vayaki; K. Zachariadou; A. Blondel; G R Bonneaud; J. C. Brient; P. Bourdon; L. Passalacqua; A. Rougé; M. Rumpf; R. Tanaka; Andrea Valassi; M. Verderi; H L Videau; D. J. Candlin; M. I. Parsons; E. Veitch; E. Focardi; G. Parrini; M. Corden; M C Delfino; C H Georgiopoulos; D. E. Jaffe; A. Antonelli; G. Bencivenni; G. Bologna; F. Bossi; P. Campana; G. Capon; F. Cerutti; V. Chiarella; G. Felici; P. Laurelli; G. Mannocchi; F. Murtas; G. P. Murtas; M. Pepe-Altarelli; S. Salomone; P. Colrain; I. Ten Have; I. G. Knowles; J. G. Lynch; W J Maitland; W. T. Morton; C. Raine; P. Reeves; J. M. Scarr; K. Smith; M. G. Smith; A. S. Thompson; S. Thorn; R. M. Turnbull; U. Becker; O. Braun; C. Geweniger; G. Graefe; P. Hanke; V. Hepp; E. E. Kluge; A. Putzer; B. Rensch; M. Schmidt; J. Sommer; H. Stenzel; K. Tittel; M. Wunsch; R. Beuselinck; David M Binnie; W. Cameron; D. J. Colling; Peter J Dornan; N P Konstantinidis; L. Moneta; A. Moutoussi; J. Nash; G. San Martin; J. K. Sedgbeer; A. M. Stacey; G. Dissertori; P. Girtler; E. Kneringer; D. Kuhn; G. Rudolph; C. K. Bowdery; T. J. Brodbeck; A. J. Finch; F. Foster; G. Hughes; D. Jackson; N. R. Keemer; M. Nuttall; A D Patel; Terence Sloan; S. W. Snow; E. P. Whelan; A. Galla; A. M. Greene; K. Kleinknecht; J. Raab; B. Renk; H.-G. Sander; H. Schmidt; S. M. Walther; R. Wanke; B. Wolf; Jean-Jacques Aubert; A. M. Bencheikh; C. Benchouk; A. Bonissent; G. Bujosa; D. Calvet; J. Carr; C A Diaconu; F. Etienne; M. Thulasidas; D. Nicod; P. Payre; D. Rousseau; M. Talby; I. Abt; R W Assmann; C. Bauer; Walter Blum; D. Brown; H. Dietl; Friedrich Dydak; C. Gotzhein; A. W. Halley; K. Jakobs; H. Kroha; G. Lütjens; Gerhard Lutz; W. Männer; H.-G. Moser; R H Richter; A. Rosado-Schlosser; A. S. Schwarz; Ronald Settles; H C J Seywerd; U. Stierlin; R. St. Denis; G. Wolf; R. Alemany; J. Boucrot; O. Callot; A. Cordier; F. Courault; M. Davier; L. Duflot; J.-F. Grivaz; Ph. Heusse; M. Jacquet; D. W. Kim; F R Le Diberder; J. Lefrançois; A.-M. Lutz; G. Musolino; I A Nikolic; H. J. Park; I. C. Park; M.-H. Schune; S. Simion; J.-J. Veillet; I. Videau; P. Azzurri; D. Abbaneo; G. Bagliesi; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; U. Bottigli; C. Bozzi; G. Calderini; M. Carpinelli; M. A. Ciocci; V. Ciulli; R. dell'Orso; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; L. Foà; F. Forti; A. Giassi; M. A. Giorgi; A. Gregorio; F. Ligabue; A. Lusiani; P. S. Marrocchesi; A. Messineo; G. Rizzo; G. Sanguinetti; A. Sciabà; P. Spagnolo; Jack Steinberger; Roberto Tenchini; G. Tonelli; G. Triggiani; C. Vannini; P. G. Verdini; J. Walsh; A. P. Betteridge; G. A. Blair; L. M. Bryant; Y. S. Gao; M. G. Green; D. L. Johnson; T. Medcalf; Ll. M. Mir; J. A. Strong; V. Bertin; David R Botterill; R. W. Clifft; T. R. Edgecock; S. Haywood; M. Edwards; P. Maley; P. R. Norton; J. C. Thompson; B. Bloch-Devaux; P. Colas; H. Duarte; S. Emery; Witold Kozanecki; E. Lançon; M. C. Lemaire; E. Locci; B. Marx; P. Perez; J. Rander; J.-F. Renardy; A. Rosowsky; A. Roussarie; J.-P. Schuller; J. Schwindling; D. Si Mohand; A. Trabelsi; B. Vallage; R. P. Johnson; A. M. Litke; G. Taylor; J. Wear; A. Beddall; C. N. Booth; R. Boswell; S L Cartwright; F. Combley; I. Dawson; A. Koksal; M H Lehto; W. M. Newton; C. Rankin; L. F. Thompson; A. Böhrer; S. Brandt; G D Cowan; E. Feigl; Claus Grupen; G. Lutters

1995-01-01

34

First observation of the decay tau(-)-> K*(-)eta nu(tau)  

E-print Network

gamma. The measured branching fraction is B(tau(-) --> K- pi(0)eta nu(tau)) = (2.9 +/- 0.8 +/- 0.3) x 10(-4). We also measure the inclusive branching fractions without requiring the K* resonance, B(tau(-) --> K(S)pi(-) eta nu(tau)) = (1.10 +/- 0.35 +/- 0...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

1999-01-01

35

tau radiative decay and pion structure form factors  

SciTech Connect

The decay mode of the tau lepton tau/sup -/ ..-->.. ..nu../sub tau/..pi../sup -/..gamma.. is calculated in terms of the axial-vector and vector structure-dependent form factors of the pion, which also describe the radiative ..pi.. decay ..pi../sup -/ ..-->.. l/sup -/nu-bar/sub l/..gamma... The isospin-rotated vector form factor is related (as usual) to the decay ..pi../sup 0/ ..-->.. 2..gamma.., as well as to e/sup +/e/sup -/ ..-->.. ..pi../sup 0/..gamma... These reactions thus serve to probe the isospin structure of the vector form factor, as well as the momentum-transfer dependence of both form factors. The numbers expected in the tau radiative decay are calculated using vector-meson-dominance estimates for the form factors.

Kim, J.H.; Resnick, L.

1980-03-01

36

Lepton-Flavor-Violating Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

We present the most recent searches for lepton-flavor-violating (LFV) {tau} decays in BABAR. We find no evidence of {tau} decaying to three charged leptons or to a charged lepton and a neutral meson (K{sub S}{sup 0}, {rho}, {phi}, K*{sup 0}, {bar K}*{sup 0}), and set upper limits on the corresponding branching fractions (BF) between 1.8 and 19 x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level (CL).

Marchiori, G.; /Paris, LPTHE

2012-04-09

37

Resonance Chiral Lagrangians and alternative approaches to hadronic tau decays  

E-print Network

Exclusive semi-leptonic decays of the tau lepton offer a clean probe to study the hadronization of QCD currents in its non-perturbative regime and learn about resonance dynamics, which drives strong interactions in these processes. In this theory outlook, I will use the simplest non-trivial di-pion tau decays to illustrate briefly recent theoretical progress on these analyses and their comparison to data.

Roig, Pablo

2014-01-01

38

Meson dominance in the 'second class' {tau}{yields}{eta}{pi}{nu}{sub {tau}}decay  

SciTech Connect

Motivated by recent estimates of the isospin-violating process {tau}{yields}{eta}{pi}{nu}{sub {tau}}, mostly relying on the {rho} and a{sub 0} dominance of the relevant form factors near threshold, we present an assessment for the branching ratio that accounts for additional, potential effects from the lowest radial excitations {rho}{sup '{identical_to}{rho}}(1450) and a{sub 0}{sup '{identical_to}}a{sub 0}(1450), respectively, also lying in the decay phase space.

Paver, N.; Riazuddin [Department of Physics, University of Trieste, 34100 Trieste (Italy) and INFN-Sezione di Trieste, 34100 Trieste (Italy); Centre for Advanced Mathematics and Physics, National University of Sciences and Technology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan and National Centre for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2010-09-01

39

Search for tau- ---> 4pi- 3pi+ (pi0) nu/tau Decays  

SciTech Connect

A search for the decay of the {tau} lepton to seven charged pions and at most one {pi}{sup 0} was performed using the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. The analysis uses data recorded on and near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance between 1999 and 2003, a total of 124.3 fb{sup -1}. They observe 7 events with an expected background of 11.9 {+-} 2.2 events and calculate a preliminary upper limit of BR({tau}{sup -} {yields} 4{pi}{sup -} 3{pi}{sup +}({pi}{sup 0}){nu}{sub {tau}}) < 2.7 x 10{sup -7} at 90% CL. This is a significant improvement over the previous limit established by the CLEO Collaboration.

Ter-Antonian, R.; Kass, R.; Allmendinger, T.; /Ohio State U.; Hast, C.; /SLAC

2005-06-21

40

Lepton Flavour Violation in Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Recent results from {tau} physics studies at BABAR are presented with an emphasis on Lepton Flavour Violation measurements. The results from the current generation of B-meson Factories are already beginning to constrain the parameter space of models that go beyond the Standard Model. By the end of their data-taking, the current generation of B-meson factories will have produced nearly 2 billion {tau} pair decays. The physics potential of this legacy has only just begun to be exploited.

Wilson, F.F.; /Rutherford

2011-11-07

41

Search for Lepton Flavor Violating Decays tau±-->l±omega  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for lepton flavor violating decays of a tau to a lighter-mass charged lepton and an omega vector meson is performed using 384.1fb-1 of e+e- annihilation data collected with the BABAR detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center PEP-II storage ring. No signal is found, and the upper limits on the branching ratios are determined to be B(tau±-->e±omega)<1.1×10-7 and

B. Aubert; M. Bona; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; N. Soni; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; A. R. Buzykaev; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; B. Echenard; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; R. Ayad; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni; C. Angelini; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; M. Carpinelli; R. Cenci; A. Cervelli

2008-01-01

42

Search for the Rare Leptonic Decay B>tau-nu¯tau  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the decay B--->tau-nutau¯ in a sample of 88.9×106 BB¯ pairs recorded with the BABAR detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center B factory. One of the two B mesons from the Upsilon(4S) is reconstructed in a hadronic or a semileptonic final state, and the decay products of the other B in the event are analyzed

B. Aubert; R. Barate; D. Boutigny; F. Couderc; J.-M. Gaillard; A. Hicheur; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; A. Palano; A. Pompili; J. C. Chen; N. D. Qi; G. Rong; P. Wang; Y. S. Zhu; G. Eigen; I. Ofte; B. Stugu; G. S. Abrams; A. W. Borgland; A. B. Breon; D. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; E. Charles; C. T. Day; M. S. Gill; A. V. Gritsan; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; R. W. Kadel; J. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; P. J. Oddone; T. J. Orimoto; M. Pripstein; N. A. Roe; M. T. Ronan; V. G. Shelkov; W. A. Wenzel; M. Barrett; K. E. Ford; T. J. Harrison; A. J. Hart; C. M. Hawkes; S. E. Morgan; A. T. Watson; M. Fritsch; K. Goetzen; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Lewandowski; M. Pelizaeus; M. Steinke; J. T. Boyd; N. Chevalier; W. N. Cottingham; M. P. Kelly; T. E. Latham; F. F. Wilson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; C. Hearty; N. S. Knecht; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; D. Thiessen; A. Khan; P. Kyberd; L. Teodorescu; A. E. Blinov; V. E. Blinov; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; V. N. Ivanchenko; E. A. Kravchenko; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; A. N. Yushkov; D. Best; M. Bruinsma; M. Chao; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; M. Mandelkern; R. K. Mommsen; W. Roethel; D. P. Stoker; C. Buchanan; B. L. Hartfiel; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; B. C. Shen; K. Wang; D. del Re; H. K. Hadavand; E. J. Hill; D. B. Macfarlane; H. P. Paar; Sh. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; B. Dahmes; S. L. Levy; O. Long; A. Lu; M. A. Mazur; J. D. Richman; W. Verkerke; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. A. Heusch; W. S. Lockman; G. Nesom; T. Schalk; R. E. Schmitz; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; P. Spradlin; D. C. Williams; M. G. Wilson; J. Albert; E. Chen; G. P. Dubois-Felsmann; A. Dvoretskii; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; A. Ryd; A. Samuel; S. Yang; S. Jayatilleke; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; M. D. Sokoloff; T. Abe; F. Blanc; P. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; P. Rankin; J. G. Smith; J. Zhang; L. Zhang; A. Chen; J. L. Harton; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; Q. L. Zeng; D. Altenburg; T. Brandt; J. Brose; M. Dickopp; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. M. Lacker; R. Müller-Pfefferkorn; R. Nogowski; S. Otto; A. Petzold; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; B. Spaan; J. E. Sundermann; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; F. Brochard; P. Grenier; S. Schrenk; Ch. Thiebaux; G. Vasileiadis; M. Verderi; D. J. Bard; P. J. Clark; D. Lavin; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; V. Azzolini; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; G. Cibinetto; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; L. Piemontese; A. Sarti; E. Treadwell; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; P. Patteri; M. Piccolo; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Capra; R. Contri; G. Crosetti; M. Lo Vetere; M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; S. Bailey; G. Brandenburg; M. Morii; E. Won; R. S. Dubitzky; U. Langenegger; W. Bhimji; D. A. Bowerman; P. D. Dauncey; U. Egede; J. R. Gaillard; G. W. Morton; J. A. Nash; M. B. Nikolich; G. P. Taylor; M. J. Charles; G. J. Grenier; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; J. Lamsa; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; J. Yi; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; S. Laplace; F. Le Diberder; V. Lepeltier; A. M. Lutz; T. C. Petersen; S. Plaszczynski; M. H. Schune; L. Tantot; G. Wormser; C. H. Cheng; D. J. Lange; M. C. Simani; D. M. Wright; A. J. Bevan; C. A. Chavez; J. P. Coleman; I. J. Forster; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; R. J. Parry; D. J. Payne; R. J. Sloane; C. Touramanis; J. J. Back; C. M. Cormack; P. F. Harrison; F. di Lodovico; G. B. Mohanty; C. L. Brown; G. Cowan; R. L. Flack; H. U. Flaecher; M. G. Green; P. S. Jackson; T. R. McMahon; S. Ricciardi; F. Salvatore; M. A. Winter; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; M. C. Hodgkinson; G. D. Lafferty; A. J. Lyon; J. C. Williams; A. Farbin; W. D. Hulsbergen; A. Jawahery; D. Kovalskyi; C. K. Lae; V. Lillard; D. A. Roberts; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; K. T. Flood; S. S. Hertzbach; R. Kofler; V. B. Koptchev; T. B. Moore; S. Saremi; H. Staengle; S. Willocq; R. Cowan; G. Sciolla; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; D. J. Mangeol; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; J. Reidy; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; P. Taras; H. Nicholson; F. Fabozzi; C. Gatto; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; P. Paolucci; D. Piccolo; C. Sciacca; M. Baak; H. Bulten; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; L. Wilden; C. P. Jessop; J. M. Losecco; T. A. Gabriel; T. Allmendinger; B. Brau; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; D. Hufnagel; H. Kagan; R. Kass; T. Pulliam; A. M. Rahimi; R. Ter-Antonyan; Q. K. Wong; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; C. T. Potter; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; E. Torrence; F. Colecchia; A. Dorigo; F. Galeazzi

2005-01-01

43

Study of the tau- ---> pi- pi- pi+ pi0 pi0 nu/tau and tau- --> 3h- 2h+ nu/tau Decays Using the BaBar Detector  

SciTech Connect

The {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} 3h{sup -} 2h{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} decays have been studied using the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring. Preliminary branching fractions are given for the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} and to the sub-channels {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -} {pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {omega}(782){pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}. A preliminary upper limit is given on the branching fraction for the {phi}(1020){pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} mode. In addition a preliminary measurement of the branching fraction of the {tau}{sup -} {yields} 3h{sup -}2h{sup +} {nu}{sub {tau}} decay (h = {pi}, K) is presented.

Sobie, R.; /Victoria U.

2005-06-21

44

Wess-Zumino current and the structure of the decay tau(-)-> K-pi K--(+)nu(tau)  

E-print Network

We present the first study of the vector (Wess-Zumino) current in tau(-)-->K(-)pi(-)K(+)nu(tau) decay using data collected with the CLEO III detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. We determine the quantitative contributions to the decay...

Besson, David Zeke

2004-06-01

45

Searches for Lepton flavor violation in the decays tau{+/-}-->e{+/-}gamma and tau{+/-}-->mu{+/-}gamma.  

PubMed

Searches for lepton-flavor-violating decays of a tau lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a photon have been performed with the entire data set of (963+/-7)x10{6} tau decays collected by the BABAR detector near the Upsilon(4S), Upsilon(3S) and Upsilon(2S) resonances. The searches yield no evidence of signals and we set upper limits on the branching fractions of B(tau{+/-}-->e{+/-}gamma)<3.3x10{-8} and B(tau{+/-}-->mu{+/-}gamma)<4.4x10{-8} at 90% confidence level. PMID:20366586

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Hooberman, B; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Ongmongkolkul, P; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Volk, A; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Firmino da Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Biassoni, P; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Nguyen, X; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Sekula, S J; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bard, D J; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Franco Sevilla, M; Fulsom, B G; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; Macfarlane, D B

2010-01-15

46

First Search for CP Violation in Tau Lepton Decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have performed the first search for CP violation in tau lepton decay. CP violation in lepton decay does not occur in the minimal standard model but can occur in extensions such as the multi-Higgs doublet model. It appears as a characteristic difference between the ?- and ?+ decay angular distributions for the semileptonic decay modes such as ?--->K0?-?. We define an observable asymmetry to exploit this and find no evidence for any CP violation.

Anderson, S.; Kubota, Y.; Lee, S. J.; O'Neill, J. J.; Poling, R.; Riehle, T.; Smith, A.; Alam, M. S.; Athar, S. B.; Ling, Z.; Mahmood, A. H.; Timm, S.; Wappler, F.; Anastassov, A.; Duboscq, J. E.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K. K.; Hart, T.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Schwarthoff, H.; Spencer, M. B.; Sung, M.; Undrus, A.; Wolf, A.; Zoeller, M. M.; Richichi, S. J.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Bishai, M.; Fast, J.; Hinson, J. W.; Menson, N.; Miller, D. H.; Shibata, E. I.; Shipsey, I. P.; Yurko, M.; Glenn, S.; Kwon, Y.; Lyon, A. L.; Roberts, S.; Thorndike, E. H.; Jessop, C. P.; Lingel, K.; Marsiske, H.; Perl, M. L.; Savinov, V.; Ugolini, D.; Zhou, X.; Coan, T. E.; Fadeyev, V.; Korolkov, I.; Maravin, Y.; Narsky, I.; Shelkov, V.; Staeck, J.; Stroynowski, R.; Volobouev, I.; Ye, J.; Artuso, M.; Azfar, F.; Efimov, A.; Goldberg, M.; He, D.; Kopp, S.; Moneti, G. C.; Mountain, R.; Schuh, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Viehhauser, G.; Wang, J. C.; Xing, X.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S. E.; Jain, V.; McLean, K. W.; Marka, S.; Godang, R.; Kinoshita, K.; Lai, I. C.; Pomianowski, P.; Schrenk, S.; Bonvicini, G.; Cinabro, D.; Greene, R.; Perera, L. P.; Zhou, G. J.; Chadha, M.; Chan, S.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J. S.; Schmidtler, M.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A. J.; Würthwein, F.; Bliss, D. W.; Jaffe, D. E.; Masek, G.; Paar, H. P.; Potter, E. M.; Prell, S.; Sharma, V.; Asner, D. M.; Gronberg, J.; Hill, T. S.; Lange, D. J.; Morrison, R. J.; Nelson, H. N.; Nelson, T. K.; Roberts, D.; Behrens, B. H.; Ford, W. T.; Gritsan, A.; Roy, J.; Smith, J. G.; Alexander, J. P.; Baker, R.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B. E.; Berkelman, K.; Bloom, K.; Boisvert, V.; Cassel, D. G.; Crowcroft, D. S.; Dickson, M.; von Dombrowski, S.; Drell, P. S.; Ecklund, K. M.; Ehrlich, R.; Foland, A. D.; Gaidarev, P.; Gibbons, L.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S. W.; Hartill, D. L.; Heltsley, B. K.; Hopman, P. I.; Kandaswamy, J.; Kreinick, D. L.; Lee, T.; Liu, Y.; Mistry, N. B.; Ng, C. R.; Nordberg, E.; Ogg, M.; Patterson, J. R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Soffer, A.; Valant-Spaight, B.; Ward, C.; Athanas, M.; Avery, P.; Jones, C. D.; Lohner, M.; Patton, S.; Prescott, C.; Yelton, J.; Zheng, J.; Brandenburg, G.; Briere, R. A.; Ershov, A.; Gao, Y. S.; Kim, D. Y.-J.; Wilson, R.; Yamamoto, H.; Browder, T. E.; Li, Y.; Rodriguez, J. L.; Sahu, S. K.; Bergfeld, T.; Eisenstein, B. I.; Ernst, J.; Gladding, G. E.; Gollin, G. D.; Hans, R. M.; Johnson, E.; Karliner, I.; Marsh, M. A.; Palmer, M.; Selen, M.; Thaler, J. J.; Edwards, K. W.; Bellerive, A.; Janicek, R.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Patel, P. M.; Sadoff, A. J.; Ammar, R.; Baringer, P.; Bean, A.; Besson, D.; Coppage, D.; Darling, C.; Davis, R.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, N.; Zhou, L.

1998-11-01

47

Study of High-multiplicity 3-prong and 5-prong Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

We present measurements of the branching fractions of 3-prong and 5-prong {tau} decay modes using a sample of 430 million {tau} lepton pairs, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 468 fb{sup -1}, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} storage rings. The {tau}{sup -} {yields} (3{pi}){sup -} {eta}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup -} {yields} (3{pi}){sup -} {yields} {omega}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} f{sub 1}(1285){nu}{sub {tau}} branching fractions are presented as well as a new limit on the branching fraction of the isospin-forbidden, second-class current {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} {eta}{prime}(958){nu}{sub {tau}} decay. We find no evidence for charged kaons in these decay modes and place the first upper limits on their branching fractions.

Lees, J.P

2012-06-01

48

VMD approach to {tau}{sup -}{yields}({omega},{phi}){pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays  

SciTech Connect

We give a description of {tau}{sup -}{yields}({omega},{phi}){pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays in the approach of the vector-meson dominance (VMD) model and compare our results with the conserved vector current (CVC) predictions and experimental data.

Falcon, D. A. Lopez; Castro, G. Lopez [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Unidad Merida, Apdo. Postal 73, Cordemex, 97310 Merida, Yucatan (Mexico); Departamento de Fisica, Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Apdo. Postal 14-740, 07000 Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

1997-03-15

49

Measurement of Cabibbo suppressed decays of the $\\tau$ lepton  

E-print Network

Branching ratios for the dominant Cabibbo-suppressed decays of the \\tau lepton have been measured by CLEO~II in e^+ e^- annihilation at CESR (\\sqrt{s} \\sim 10.6~GeV) using kaons with momenta below 0.7\\ \\rm GeV/c. The inclusive branching ratio into one charged kaon is (1.60 \\pm 0.12 \\pm 0.19)\\%. For the exclusive decays, B(\\tau \\to K^-) = (0.66 \\pm 0.07 \\pm 0.09)\\%, B(\\tau \\to K^- \\pi^0) = (0.51 \\pm 0.10 \\pm 0.07)\\%, and, based on three events, B(\\tau \\to K^- \\pi^0 \\pi^0) < 0.3\\% at the 90\\% confidence level. These represent significant improvements over previous results. B(\\tau\\to K^- \\pi^0) is measured for the first time with exclusive \\pi^0 reconstruction. hardcopies with figures can be obtained by writing to: Pam Morehouse preprint secretary Newman Lab Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 or by sending mail to: preprints@lns62.lns.cornell.edu

Battle, M; Kwon, Y; Roberts, S; Thorndike, E H; Wang, C H; Dominick, J; Lambrecht, M; Sanghera, S; Shelkov, V; Skwarnicki, T; Stroynowski, R; Volobuev, I P; Wei, G; Zadorozhny, P; Artuso, M; Goldberg, M; He, D; Horwitz, N; Kennett, R; Mountain, R; Moneti, G C; Muheim, F; Mukhin, Y; Playfer, S; Rozen, Y; Stone, S; Thulasidas, M; Vasseur, G; Zhu, G; Bartelt, J; Csorna, S E; Egyed, Z; Jain, V; Kinoshita, K; Edwards, K W; Ogg, M; Britton, D I; Hyatt, E R F; MacFarlane, D B; Patel, P M; Akerib, D S; Barish, B C; Chadha, M; Chan, S; Cowen, D F; Eigen, G; Miller, J S; O'Grady, C; Urheim, J; Weinstein, A J; Acosta, D; Athanas, M; Masek, G E; Paar, H P; Sivertz, M; Gronberg, J B; Kutschke, R; Menary, S R; Morrison, R J; Nakanishi, S; Nelson, H N; Nelson, T K; Qiao, C; Richman, J D; Ryd, A; Tajima, H; Sperka, D; Witherell, M S; Procario, M; Balest, R; Cho, K; Daoudi, M; Ford, W T; Johnson, D R; Lingel, K; Lohner, M; Rankin, P; Smith, J G; Alexander, J P; Bebek, C; Berkelman, K; Bloom, K; Browder, T E; Cassel, David G; Cho, H A; Coffman, D M; Drell, P S; Ehrlich, R; Gaidarev, P B; Galik, R S; García-Sciveres, M; Geiser, B; Gittelman, B; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Jones, C D; Jones, S L; Kandaswamy, J; Katayama, N; Kim, P C; Kreinick, D L; Ludwig, G S; Masui, J; Mevissen, J; Mistry, N B; Ng, C R; Nordberg, E; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Salman, S; Sapper, M; Würthwein, F; Avery, P; Freyberger, A P; Rodríguez, J; Stephens, R; Yang, S; Yelton, J; Cinabro, D; Henderson, S; Liu, T; Saulnier, M; Wilson, R; Yamamoto, H; Bergfeld, T; Eisenstein, B I; Gollin, G; Ong, B; Palmer, M; Selen, M; Thaler, J J; Sadoff, A J; Ammar, R; Ball, S; Baringer, P; Bean, A; Besson, D; Coppage, D; Copty, N K; Davis, R; Hancock, N; Kelly, M; Kwak, N; Lam, H; Kubota, Y; Lattery, M; Nelson, J K; Patton, S; Perticone, D; Poling, R A; Savinov, V; Schrenk, S; Wang, R; Alam, M S; Kim, I J; Nemati, B; O'Neill, J J; Severini, H; Sun, C R; Zoeller, M M; Crawford, G; Daubenmier, C M; Fulton, R; Fujino, D; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Lee, J; Malchow, R L; Skovpen, Y; Sung, M; White, C; Butler, F; Fu, X; Kalbfleisch, G R; Ross, W R; Skubic, P L; Snow, J; Wang, P L; Wood, M; Brown, D N; Fast, J; McIlwain, R L; Miao, T; Miller, D H; Modesitt, M; Payne, D; Shibata, E I; Shipsey, I P J; Wang Pei Ning

1994-01-01

50

Experimental upper limits on branching fractions for unexpected decay modes of the tau lepton  

SciTech Connect

Searches for 12 neutrinoless decay modes of the tau which violate lepton-number conservation have been made using the reaction e/sup +/e/sup -/..-->..tau/sup +/tau/sup -/. No evidence for lepton-number violation is observed, and we have set upper limits (90% C.L.) on the branching ratio for each decay mode. The branching-ratio limits on the radiative decays tau..--> mu gamma.. and tau..-->..e..gamma.. are 0.055 and 0.064, respectively. For the charged lepton decays tau..-->..eee, tau..-->..e..mu mu.., tau..--> mu..ee, and tau..--> mu mu mu.., the branching ratio limits are 0.040, 0.033, 0.044, and 0.049%, respectively. Upper limits on the branching ratios for the following charged lepton-neutral hadron decays are: tau..-->..erho/sup 0/ (0.037%), tau..--> mu..rho/sup 0/ (0.044%), tau..-->..eK/sup 0/ (0.13%), tau..--> mu..K/sup 0/ (0.10%), tau..-->..e..pi../sup 0/ (0.21%), and tau..--> mu pi../sup 0/ (0.082%). We also use these data to search for the pair production in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation of some unconventional particles with masses less than about 3 GeV/c/sup 2/.

Hayes, K.G.; Perl, M.L.; Alam, M.S.; Boyarski, A.M.; Breidenbach, M.; Burke, D.L.; Dorenbosch, J.; Dorfan, J.M.; Feldman, G.J.; Franklin, M.E.B.; Hanson, G.; Himel, T.; Hitlin, D.G.; Hollebeek, R.J.; Innes, W.R.; Jaros, J.A.; Jenni, P.; Larsen, R.R.; Lueth, V.; Richter, B.; Roussarie, A.; Scharre, D.L.; Schindler, R.H.; Schwitters, R.F.; Siegrist, J.L.; Taureg, H.; Tonutti, M.; Vidal, R.A.; Weiss, J.M.; Zaccone, H.; Abrams, G.S.; Blocker, C.A.; Blondel, A.; Carithers, W.C.; Chinowsky, W.; Coles, M.W.; Cooper, S.; Dieterle, W.E.; Dillon, J.B.; Eaton, M.W.; Gidal, G.; Goldhaber, G.; Johnson, A.D.; Kadyk, J.A.; Lankford, A.J.; Levi, M.; Millikan, R.E.; Nelson, M.E.; Pang, C.Y.; Patrick, J.F.; Strait, J.; Trilling, G.H.; Vella, E.N.; Videau, I.

1982-06-01

51

Tau Kinematics from Impact Parameters  

E-print Network

The momenta of $\\tau$ decay products in the reaction $e^+e^-\\to\\tau^+\\tau^-$ do not constrain the $\\tau$ direction unambiguously. It is shown how the measurement of tracks of hadrons from semileptonic $\\tau$ decays, in particular their relative impact parameters, allows to resolve this ambiguity.

J. H. Kühn

1993-07-14

52

Search for neutrinoless decays of the tau lepton  

E-print Network

A search for lepton flavor violating decays of the tau into either three charged leptons or one charged lepton and two charged hadrons was performed using 2.05 fb-1 of data collected by the CLEO-II experiment at the Cornell ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1994-10-01

53

Search for CP Violation in the Decay tau- \\to pi- K^0_S (>= 0 pi0) nu_tau  

SciTech Connect

We report a search for CP violation in the decay {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}K{sub S}{sup 0}({>=} 0{pi}{sup 0}){nu}{sub {tau}} using a dataset of 437 million {tau} lepton pairs, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 476 fb{sup -1}, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} storage rings. The CP-violating decay-rate asymmetry is determined to be (-0.45 {+-} 0.24 {+-} 0.11)%, approximately three standard deviations from the Standard Model prediction of (0.33 {+-} 0.01)%.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Bari; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /Pisa U. /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas Nuclear Corp., Austin /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2012-02-16

54

Search for neutrinoless decays of the tau lepton  

SciTech Connect

A search for lepton flavor violating decays of the tau into either three charged leptons or one charged lepton and two charged hadrons was performed using 2.05 fb[sup [minus]1] of data collected by the CLEO-II experiment at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. The upper limits obtained for 22 decay branching fractions are several times more stringent than those set previously.

Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S.E.; Egyed, Z.; Jain, V.; Kinoshita, K.; Barish, B.; Chadha, M.; Chan, S.; Cowen, D.F.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J.S.; O'Grady, C.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A.J.; Acosta, D.; Athanas, M.; Masek, G.; Paar, H.P.; Sivertz, M.; Gronberg, J.; Kutschke, R.; Menary, S.; Morrison, R.J.; Nakanishi, S.; Nelson, H.N.; Nelson, T.K.; Qiao, C.; Richman, J.D.; Ryd, A.; Tajima, H.; Sperka, D.; Witherell, M.S.; Procario, M.; Balest, R.; Cho, K.; Daoudi, M.; Ford, W.T.; Johnson, D.R.; Lingel, K.; Lohner, M.; Rankin, P.; Smith, J.G.; Alexander, J.P.; Bebek, C.; Berkelman, K.; Bloom, K.; Browder, T.E.; Cassel, D.G.; Cho, H.A.; Coffman, D.M.; Crowcroft, D.S.; Drell, P.S.; Ehrlich, R.; Gaidarev, P.; Galik, R.S.; Garcia-Sciveres, M.; Geiser, B.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S.W.; Hartill, D.L.; Heltsley, B.K.; Jones, C.D.; Jones, S.L.; Kandaswamy, J.; Katayama, N.; Kim, P.C.; Kreinick, D.L.; Ludwig, G.S.; Masui, J.; Mevissen, J.; Mistry, N.B.; Ng, C.R.; Nordberg, E.; Patterson, J.R.; Peterson, D.; Rile; (CLEO Collaboration)

1994-10-03

55

Evidence for Higgs boson Yukawa couplings in the $H\\to\\tau\\tau$ decay mode with the ATLAS detector  

E-print Network

Results of a search for $H\\to\\tau\\tau$ decays are presented, based on the full set of proton-proton collision data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC during 2011 and 2012. The data correspond to integrated luminosities of 4.5 $\\rm{fb}^{-1}$ and 20.3 $\\rm{fb}^{-1}$ at centre-of-mass energies of $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV and $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV respectively. All combinations of leptonic ($\\tau \\to \\ell \

The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01

56

VMD description of {tau}{r_arrow}({omega},{phi}){pi}{sup {minus}}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays and the {omega}-{phi} mixing angle  

SciTech Connect

Using the vector meson dominance model we get predictions for the Cabibbo-favored {tau}{sup {minus}}{r_arrow}{omega}{pi}{sup {minus}}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup {minus}}{r_arrow}{phi}{pi}{sup {minus}}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays. We show how the measurements of these two decays can provide information on the nature of the violation of the Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka (OZI) rule. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Lopez Castro, G.; Lopez Falcon, D.A. [Departamento de Fisica, Cinvestav del IPN, Apdo. Postal 14-740, 07000 Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)] [Departamento de Fisica, Cinvestav del IPN, Apdo. Postal 14-740, 07000 Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

1996-10-01

57

A systematic resolution study of [tau][tau] decays at CMS at the LHC  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I perform a systematic resolution study for di-tau pairs at the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. I performed this analysis using Monte Carlo simulated events ...

Foote, Ryan Howard

2011-01-01

58

Search for charged Higgs boson decays of the top quark using hadronic tau decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the result of a search for charged Higgs boson decays of the top quark, produced in pp¯ collisions at &surd;s=1.8 TeV. When the charged Higgs boson is heavy and decays to a tau lepton, which subsequently decays hadronically, the resulting events have a unique signature: large missing transverse energy and the low-charged-multiplicity tau. Data collected in 1992 and

F. Abe; H. Akimoto; A. Akopian; M. G. Albrow; S. R. Amendolia; D. Amidei; J. Antos; C. Anway-Wiese; S. Aota; G. Apollinari; T. Asakawa; W. Ashmanskas; M. Atac; P. Auchincloss; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; N. Bacchetta; W. Badgett; S. Bagdasarov; M. W. Bailey; J. Bao; P. de Barbaro; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; G. Bauer; T. Baumann; F. Bedeschi; S. Behrends; S. Belforte; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; J. Benlloch; J. Bensinger; D. Benton; A. Beretvas; J. P. Berge; J. Berryhill; S. Bertolucci; A. Bhatti; K. Biery; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; A. Bodek; W. Bokhari; V. Bolognesi; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; L. Breccia; C. Bromberg; N. Bruner; E. Buckley-Geer; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; A. Byon-Wagner; K. L. Byrum; J. Cammerata; C. Campagnari; M. Campbell; A. Caner; W. Carithers; D. Carlsmith; A. Castro; D. Cauz; Y. Cen; F. Cervelli; H. Y. Chao; J. Chapman; M.-T. Cheng; G. Chiarelli; T. Chikamatsu; C. N. Chiou; L. Christofek; S. Cihangir; A. G. Clark; M. Cobal; M. Contreras; J. Conway; J. Cooper; M. Cordelli; C. Couyoumtzelis; D. Crane; D. Cronin-Hennessy; R. Culbertson; J. D. Cunningham; T. Daniels; F. Dejongh; S. Delchamps; S. dell'agnello; M. dell'orso; L. Demortier; B. Denby; M. Deninno; P. F. Derwent; T. Devlin; M. Dickson; J. R. Dittmann; S. Donati; J. Done; T. Dorigo; A. Dunn; N. Eddy; K. Einsweiler; J. E. Elias; R. Ely; E. Jr. Engels; D. Errede; S. Errede; Q. Fan; I. Fiori; B. Flaugher; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; M. Frautschi; J. Freeman; J. Friedman; H. Frisch; T. A. Fuess; Y. Fukui; S. Funaki; G. Gagliardi; S. Galeotti; M. Gallinaro; M. Garcia-Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; C. Gay; S. Geer; D. W. Gerdes; P. Giannetti; N. Giokaris; P. Giromini; L. Gladney; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; J. Gonzalez; A. Gordon; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; H. Grassmann; L. Groer; C. Grosso-Pilcher; G. Guillian; R. S. Guo; C. Haber; E. Hafen; S. R. Hahn; R. Handler; R. M. Hans; K. Hara; A. D. Hardman; B. Harral; R. M. Harris; S. A. Hauger; J. Hauser; C. Hawk; E. Hayashi; J. Heinrich; K. D. Hoffman; M. Hohlmann; C. Holck; R. Hollebeek; L. Holloway; A. Hölscher; S. Hong; G. Houk; P. Hu; B. T. Huffman; R. Hughes; J. Huston; J. Huth; J. Hylen; H. Ikeda; M. Incagli; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; J. Iwai; Y. Iwata; H. Jensen; U. Joshi; R. W. Kadel; E. Kajfasz; T. Kamon; T. Kaneko; K. Karr; H. Kasha; Y. Kato; L. Keeble; K. Kelley; R. D. Kennedy; R. Kephart; P. Kesten; D. Kestenbaum; R. M. Keup; H. Keutelian; F. Keyvan; B. Kharadia; B. J. Kim; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; L. Kirsch; P. Koehn; K. Kondo; J. Konigsberg; S. Kopp; K. Kordas; W. Koska; E. Kovacs; W. Kowald; M. Krasberg; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; T. Kuwabara; S. E. Kuhlmann; E. Kuns; A. T. Laasanen; N. Labanca; S. Lammel; J. I. Lamoureux; T. Lecompte; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; P. Limon; M. Lindgren; T. M. Liss; N. Lockyer; O. Long; C. Loomis; M. Loreti; J. Lu; D. Lucchesi; P. Lukens; S. Lusin; J. Lys; K. Maeshima; A. Maghakian; P. Maksimovic; M. Mangano; J. Mansour; M. Mariotti; J. P. Marriner; A. Martin; J. A. Matthews; R. Mattingly; P. McIntyre; P. Melese; A. Menzione; E. Meschi; S. Metzler; C. Miao; G. Michail; R. Miller; H. Minato; S. Miscetti; M. Mishina; H. Mitsushio; T. Miyamoto; S. Miyashita; Y. Morita; J. Mueller; A. Mukherjee; T. Muller; P. Murat; H. Nakada; I. Nakano; C. Nelson; D. Neuberger; C. Newman-Holmes; M. Ninomiya; L. Nodulman; S. H. Oh; K. E. Ohl; T. Ohmoto; T. Ohsugi; R. Oishi; M. Okabe; T. Okusawa; R. Oliver; J. Olsen; C. Pagliarone; R. Paoletti; V. Papadimitriou; S. P. Pappas; A. Parri; J. Patrick; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; A. Perazzo; L. Pescara; M. D. Peters; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; M. Pillai; K. T. Pitts; R. Plunkett; L. Pondrom; J. Proudfoot; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; K. Ragan; A. Ribon; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; W. J. Robertson; T. Rodrigo; S. Rolli; J. Romano; L. Rosenson; R. Roser; W. K. Sakumoto; D. Saltzberg; A. Sansoni; L. Santi; H. Sato; V. Scarpine; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; M. P. Schmidt; A. Scribano; S. Segler; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; G. Sganos; A. Sgolacchia; M. D. Shapiro; N. M. Shaw; Q. Shen; P. F. Shepard; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; J. Siegrist; A. Sill; P. Sinervo; P. Singh; J. Skarha; K. Sliwa; F. D. Snider; T. Song; J. Spalding; P. Sphicas; F. Spinella; M. Spiropulu; L. Spiegel; L. Stanco; J. Steele; A. Stefanini; K. Strahl; J. Strait; R. Ströhmer; D. Stuart; G. Sullivan; A. Soumarokov; K. Sumorok; J. Suzuki; T. Takada; T. Takahashi; T. Takano; K. Takikawa; N. Tamura; F. Tartarelli; W. Taylor; P. K. Teng; Y. Teramoto; S. Tether; D. Theriot; T. L. Thomas; R. Thun; M. Timko; P. Tipton; A. Titov; S. Tkaczyk; D. Toback; K. Tollefson; A. Tollestrup; J. Tonnison; J. F. de Troconiz; S. Truitt; J. Tseng; N. Turini; T. Uchida; N. Uemura; F. Ukegawa; G. Unal; S. C. Brink; S. Vejcik; G. Velev; R. Vidal; M. Vondracek; D. Vucinic; R. G. Wagner; R. L. Wagner; J. Wahl

1996-01-01

59

Measurement of sigma(ppbar->Z) Br(Z->tau+tau-) and search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau+tau- at s**(1/2) = 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

The resonant production of tau-lepton pairs is as interesting for the study of Standard Model (SM) physics as the production of lighter leptons pairs. For new phenomena, such as Higgs boson production or in case new particles beyond the SM would arise, the detection of (resonant) pairs of tau leptons becomes much more interesting. This is due to the fact that tau leptons are much heavier than the other leptons, which increases the chance that these new phenomena would be observed first in this channel. Unfortunately their clean detection is far more difficult than that of muons or electrons. The cross section times branching ratio {sigma}{center_dot} Br for the process p{bar p} {yields} Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} was measured at {radical}s = 1.96 GeV using 1.0 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the D0 experiment. This measurement was performed in the channel in which one of the tau leptons decays to a muon and neutrinos, while the other decays either hadronically or to an electron and neutrinos. A set of 1511 events, of which about 20% estimated background, passed all selection criteria. The trigger and muon reconstruction efficiencies, as well as the efficiency for track reconstruction were obtained from data using the 'tag and probe' method on Z {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} events. The multijet background was estimated from the sample of events which passed all selection criteria but in which the muon and the tau candidate had the same charge. The W {yields} {mu}{nu} + jets background was modeled by Monte Carlo simulations, but normalized to data. All the other backgrounds, as well as the efficiency for Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} events were estimated using simulated events normalized to the theoretical calculations of cross sections at next-to-leading order or next-to-next-to-leading order. The energy of the tau candidates was corrected for the estimated response of the charged pions in the calorimeter, which is of the order 50-80%. Since the charged pion response in data was not well reproduced by the default simulation of hadronic interactions (Geisha), a different simulation (gCALOR) was used to obtain an estimated charged pion response consistent with the one measured in data. This tau energy correction method makes use of the superior resolution of the track momentum measurement compared to the resolution of the tau candidate energy as measured by the calorimeter, which leads to a better data--simulation agreement and a decrease of 10% in the resolution of the visible mass peak. The result of this measurement is {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} Z) {center_dot} Br(Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}) = 240 {+-} 8(stat) {+-} 12(syst) {+-} 15(lumi) pb, in good agreement with the theoretical predictions of 241.6{sub -3.2}{sup +3.6} pb [79] or 251.9{sub -12}{sup +5.1} pb [93-95], as well as with other measurements performed by the D0 and CDF experiments in all channels in which the Z boson decays leptonically [96-100]. This is the most precise Z boson cross section measurement to date performed in the tau lepton channel at hadron colliders. The analysis demonstrates the ability of the D0 experiment to identify tau leptons decaying hadronically with good efficiency and high purity, a challenging task in p{bar p} collisions where the number of jets resembling tau leptons is very high. This achievement forms a solid basis for other analyses using hadronic tau lepton decays, such as the search for the Higgs boson decaying into tau-lepton pairs, which was performed for the last part of this thesis.

Galea, Cristina Florina; /Nijmegen U.

2008-01-01

60

Measurement of the Michel parameters and the average tau-neutrino helicity from tau decays at LEP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four of the Michel parameters and the average tau-neutrino helicity have been measured by analysing tau decay spectra in 147 pb?1of data collected by the L3 detector. The decays ???e?????e, ??????????, ???????, ??????? and their charge conjugates were considered. The results: ?=0.762±0.035, ?=0.27±0.14, ?=0.70±0.16, ??=0.70±0.11 and ?h=?1.032±0.031 are consistent with a V?A structure for the weak charged current and lepton

M. Acciarri; O. Adriani; M. Aguilar-Benitez; S P Ahlen; J. Alcaraz; G. Alemanni; James V Allaby; A. Aloisio; M. G. Alviggi; M. G. Alviggi; H. Anderhub; V. P. Andreev; T. Angelescu; F. Anselmo; A. Arefiev; T. Azemoon; T. Azemoon; P. Bagnaia; L. Baksay; R. C. Ball; S. Banerjee; K. Banicz; A. Barczyk; R. Barillère; L. Barone; P. Bartalini; A. Baschirotto; M. Basile; R. Battiston; A. Bay; F. Becattini; U. Becker; F. Behner; J. Berdugo; P. Berges; B. Bertucci; B. Bertucci; S. Bhattacharya; M. Biasini; A. Biland; G. M. Bilei; J. J. Blaising; S. C. Blyth; Gerjan J Bobbink; R K Böck; A. Böhm; L. Boldizsar; B. Borgia; D. Bourilkov; Maurice Bourquin; D. Boutigny; S. Braccini; J. G. Branson; V. Brigljevic; I. C. Brock; A. Buffini; J. D. Burger; W. J. Burger; X. D. Cai; M. Campanelli; M. Campanelli; G. Cara Romeo; G. Cara Romeo; A. M. Cartacci; J. Casaus; G. Castellini; F. Cavallari; N. Cavallo; C. Cecchi; M Cerrada-Canales; F. Cesaroni; M Chamizo-Llatas; Y. H. Chang; U. K. Chaturvedi; M. Chemarin; A. Chen; G. Chen; H. F. Chen; H. S. Chen; M. Chen; G. Chiefari; C. Y. Chien; Luisa Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; C. Civinini; I. Clare; I. Clare; G. Coignet; A. P. Colijn; N. Colino; S. Costantini; F. Cotorobai; B. de la Cruz; Akos Csilling; T. S. Dai; R. D'Alessandro; R. de Asmundis; A. Degré; K. Deiters; P. Denes; F. DeNotaristefani; M. Diemoz; D N Van Dierendonck; F. Di Lodovico; C. Dionisi; Michael Dittmar; A. Dominguez; A. Dominguez; M. T. Dova; E. Drago; D. Duchesneau; P. Duinker; I. Duran; S. Easo; H. El Mamouni; A. Engler; F. J. Eppling; F. C. Erné; Pierre Extermann; M. Fabre; R. Faccini; M. A. Falagan; S. Falciano; A. Favara; J. Fay; O. Fedin; Marta Felcini; T. Ferguson; F. Ferroni; H S Fesefeldt; E. Fiandrini; J. H. Field; Frank Filthaut; P. H. Fisher; I. Fisk; G. Forconi; L. Fredj; Klaus Freudenreich; C. Furetta; Yu. Galaktionov; S. N. Ganguli; P. Garcia-Abia; M. Gataullin; S. S. Gau; S. Gentile; J. Gerald; N. Gheordanescu; S. Giagu; S. Goldfarb; J. Goldstein; Z. F. Gong; Andreas Gougas; Giorgio Gratta; M. W. Gruenewald; R. van Gulik; V. K. Gupta; A. Gurtu; L. J. Gutay; D. Haas; B. Hartmann; A. Hasan; D. Hatzifotiadou; T. Hebbeker; A. Hervé; P. Hidas; J. Hirschfelder; W. C. van Hoek; H. Hofer; H. Hoorani; S. R. Hou; G. Hu; I. Iashvili; B. N. Jin; L. W. Jones; P. de Jong; I. Josa-Mutuberria; A. Kasser; R. A. Khan; D. Kamrad; J. S. Kapustinsky; Yu Karyotakis; M. Kaur; M. N. Kienzle-Focacci; D. Kim; J. K. Kim; S. C. Kim; W. W. Kinnison; A. Kirkby; D. Kirkby; Jasper Kirkby; D. Kiss; W. Kittel; A. Klimentov; A. Klimentov; A. Kopp; I. Korolko; V F Koutsenko; R. W. Kraemer; A. Kunin; P E Lacentre; P. Ladron de Guevara; G. Landi; C. Lapoint; K M Lassila-Perini; P. Laurikainen; A. Lavorato; M. Lebeau; A. Lebedev; P. Lebrun; P. Lecomte; P. Lecomte; P. Le Coultre; H. J. Lee; C. Leggett; J. M. Le Goff; R. Leiste; E. Leonardi; P. Levtchenko; Li Chuan; C. H. Lin; W. T. Lin; Frank L Linde; Z. A. Liu; W. Lohmann; E. Longo; W. Lu; Y. S. Lu; K. Lübelsmeyer; C. Luci; D. Luckey; L. Luminari; W. Lustermann; W. G. Ma; M. Maity; G. Majumder; L. Malgeri; A. Malinin; C. Maña; D J J Mangeol; P A Marchesini; G. Marian; A. Marin; J. P. Martin; F. Marzano; G. G. G. Massaro; K. Mazumdar; S. Mele; L. Merola; M. Meschini; W. J. Metzger; M. von der Mey; Y. Mi; D. Migani; A. Mihul; A. J. W. van Mil; H. Milcent; G. Mirabelli; J. Mnich; P. Molnar; B. Monteleoni; R. Moore; T. Moulik; R. Mount; G. S. Muanza; F. Muheim; A. J. M. Muijs; S. Nahn; M. Napolitano; F. Nessi-Tedaldi; H. Newman; T. Niessen; A. Nippe; A. Nisati; H. Nowak; Yu D Oh; G. Organtini; R. Ostonen; C. Palomares; D. Pandoulas; S. Paoletti; P. Paolucci; H. K. Park; I. H. Park; G. Pascale; G. Passaleva; S. Patricelli; T. Paul; M. Pauluzzi; C. Paus; Felicitas Pauss; D. Peach; M. Pedace; Y. J. Pei; S. Pensotti; D. Perret-Gallix; B. Petersen; S. Petrak; A. Pevsner; D. Piccolo; M. Pieri; P. A. Piroué; E. Pistolesi; V. Plyaskin; M. Pohl; V Pozhidaev; H. Postema; J. Pothier; N. Produit; D. Prokofiev; J. Quartieri; G. Rahal-Callot; N. Raja; P. G. Rancoita; M. Rattaggi; G. Raven; P. Razis; D. Ren; M. Rescigno; S. Reucroft; T. van Rhee; S. Riemann; K. Riles; O. Rind; A. Robohm; J. Rodin; B. P. Roe; L. Romero; S. Rosier-Lees; Ph. Rosselet; S. Roth; J. A. Rubio; D. Ruschmeier; H. Rykaczewski; S. Sakar; J. Salicio; E. Sanchez; M. P. Sanders; M. E. Sarakinos; G. Sauvage; C. Schäfer; V. Schegelsky; S. Schmidt-Kaerst; D. Schmitz; M. Schneegans; N. Scholz; H. Schopper; D. J. Schotanus; D. J. Schotanus; G. Schwering; C. Sciacca; D. Sciarrino; L. Servoli; S. Shevchenko; N. Shivarov; V. Shoutko; J. Shukla; E. Shumilov; A. Shvorob; T. Siedenburg; D. Son; V. Soulimov; B. Smith; P. Spillantini; M. Steuer; D. P. Stickland; H. Stone; B. Stoyanov; A. Straessner; K. Sudhakar; G. Sultanov; L. Z. Sun; G. F. Susinno; H. Suter; J. D. Swain; X. W. Tang; L. Tauscher

1998-01-01

61

Measurement of Cabibbo-Suppressed Tau Lepton Decays and the Determination of |Vus|  

SciTech Connect

This work presents simultaneous branching fraction measurements of the decay modes {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -} n{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} with n = 0,1,2,3 and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} n{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} with n = 3,4. The analysis is based on a data sample of 427 x 10{sup 6} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} pairs recorded with the BABAR detector, which corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 464.4 fb{sup -1}. The measured values are {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (6.57 {+-} 0.03 {+-} 0.11) x 10{sup -3}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (4.61 {+-} 0.03 {+-} 0.11) x 10{sup -3}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (5.05 {+-} 0.17 {+-} 0.44) x 10{sup -4}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.31 {+-} 0.43 {+-} 0.40) x 10{sup -4}, {Beta}({tau}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.263 {+-} 0.008 {+-} 0.078) x 10{sup -2} and {Beta}({tau}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (9.6 {+-} 0.5 {+-} 1.2) x 10{sup -4}, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. All measurements are compatible with the current world averages whereas the uncertainties are significantly smaller by a factor of up to five. The determination of {Beta}({tau}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) is the first measurement of this branching fraction. The measured branching fractions are combined with the current world averages. Using the new averages, an updated determination of |V{sub us}| from hadronic {tau} decays yields |V{sub us}| = 0.2146 {+-} 0.0025, which improves previous measurements by 19%. Its uncertainty is comparable to the one of the current world average from semileptonic kaon decays.

Schenk, Stefan; /SLAC

2008-12-16

62

Kaon content of three-prong decays of the tau lepton  

SciTech Connect

We present a series of measurements involving the production of charged kaons in three-prong hadronic decays of the {tau} lepton. The data sample was obtained with the TPC/Two-Gamma detector facility at PEP. We set a limit on the branching fraction BR({tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}K{sup 0}) < 0.26% at the 95% confidence level. The process {tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}K{sup 0} is related via SU(3) to the second-class current decay {tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}{pi}{sup {minus}}{eta}. We also present new measurements of the three-prong branching fractions BR({tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} + neutrals) = 0.70 (+0.20/{minus}0.17)% and BR({tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}K{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} + neutrals) = 0.16 (+0.10/{minus}0.07)%. 68 refs., 29 figs., 15 tabs.

Eastman, J.J.

1990-12-01

63

Decay Rates, Structure Functions and New Physics Effects in Hadronic Tau Decays  

E-print Network

Hadronic decays rates of the $\\tau$ lepton into multi meson final states are presented. The structure of the hadronic matrix elements for various decay modes is discussed. The formalism of structure functions allows for a detailed test of these matrix elements. Various correlations are discussed which are sensitive to possible CP violation and new physics effects in the decay modes.

Markus Finkemeier; Erwin Mirkes

1995-08-16

64

Study of tau decays to six-pion final states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using the data collected with the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have studied decays of the tau lepton to final states with six pions and one neutrino. The measured branching fractions are B(t- -->2p -p+3p0n t) = (2.2 +/- 0.3 +/- 0.4) × 10-4 and B(t--->3p -2p+p0n t) = (1.7 +/- 0.2 +/- 0.2) × 10-4. These represent significant improvement over previous measurements. We have also looked for resonance substructure and observed for the first time the decays t- -->p-2p0 wnt and t--->2p- p+ wnt . The measured branching fractions are B(t- -->p -2p0wnt ) = (1.5 +/- 0.4 +/- 0.3) × 10-4 and B(t--->2p -p+wnt ) = (1.2 +/- 0.2 +/- 0.1) × 10-4, respectively. We have also measured the branching fractions of t--->2p- p+ hnt in two h decay modes - B(t- -->2p -p+hnt ) = (2.9 +/- 0.7 +/- 0.5) × 10-4 ( h-->3p0 ) and B(t- -->2p -p+hnt ) = (1.9 +/- 0.4 +/- 0.3) × 10-4 ( h-->p+p- p 0 ). We have observed the decay t- -->p-2p0 hnt with h-->p+p- p 0 and measured the branching fraction B(t--->p -2p0hnt ) = (1.5 +/- 0.6 +/- 0.3) × 10-4. The observed resonance substructure allowed the determination of the axial- vector and vector current contributions to the six-pion tau decays. The results are compared to the expectations based on isospin symmetry and the Conserved Vector Current hypothesis.

Anastassov, Anton Iankov

65

Search for Rare Multi-Pion Decays of the Tau Lepton Using the BABAR Detector  

SciTech Connect

A search for the decay of the {tau} lepton to rare multi-pion final states is performed using the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. The analysis uses 232 fb-1 of data at center-of-mass energies on or near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. In the search for the {tau}- {yields} 3{pi}-2{pi}+2{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} decay, we observe 10 events with an expected background of 6.5{sup +2.0}{sub -1.4} events. In the absence of a signal, we calculate the decay branching ratio upper limit {beta}({tau}- {yields} 3{pi}-2{pi}+2{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) < 3.4 x 10{sup -6} at the 90% confidence level. This is more than a factor of 30 improvement over the previously established limit. In addition, we search for the exclusive decay mode {tau}- {yields} 2{omega}{pi}-{nu}{sub {tau}} with the further decay of {omega} {yields} {pi}-{pi}+{pi}{sup 0}. We observe 1 event, expecting 0.4{sup +1.0}{sub -0.4} background events, and calculate the upper limit {beta}{tau}-{yields} 2{omega}{pi}-{nu}{sub {tau}} < 5.4 x 10{sup -7} at the 90% confidence level. This is the first upper limit for this mode.

Ter-Antonyan, Ruben; /Ohio State U.

2007-09-18

66

Tau decays with one charged particle plus multiple pi(0)'s  

E-print Network

With the CLEO-II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have measured branching fractions for tau lepton decay into one-prong final states with multiple pi0's, B(hnpi)0, normalized to the branching fraction for tau decay into one charged...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1993-03-01

67

A study of the decays of tau leptons produced on the Z resonance at LEP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From the analysis of a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.63 pb-1 taken during the 1990 run of LEP at centre of mass energies between 88.2 GeV an 94.2 GeV, the tau decaystau ^ - to e^ - bar v_e v_tau ,tau ^ - to ? ^ - bar v_? v_tau ,tau ^ - to ? ^ - (K^ - )v_tau ,tau ^ - to ? {}^ - v_tau and their charge conjugates have been studied. The following branching ratios have been measured;BR(tau ^ - to e^ - bar v_e v_tau ) = 18.6 ± 0.8(stat.) ± 0.6(sys.)% ,,BRleft( {tau ^ - to ? ^ - bar v_? v_tau } right) = 17.4 ± 0.7 ± 0.6% ,, Br(?- ? ?- (K-)v?)=11.9±0.7±0.7%, BR (?- ? ?- v?)= 22.4±0.8±1.3%, in good agreement with world averages. The measured electronic and muonic branching ratios lead to a measurement of the strong coupling constant, ?s (m?) = 0.26{-0.12/+0.09}. Extrapolating the ?s value from m ? to m Z yields ?s (mZ) = 0.109{-0.028/+0.012}. The average polarization P ? of taus produced in Z ? ?s ?s decays has also been measured using the above decay modes. The weighted mean of the polarizations obtained from the four decay modes is P ?=-0.24±0.07. This value of P ? gives, in the improved Born approximation, a ratio between the axial and vector coupling constants of the tau of ??/a? = 0.12 ± 0.04, and hence a value of the effective electroweak mixing parameter sin2 ?W(m{Z/2}).

Abreu, P.; Adam, W.; Adye, T.; Agasi, E.; Alekseev, G. D.; Allen, P.; Almehed, S.; Alvsvaag, S. J.; Amaldi, U.; Anassontzis, E. G.; Andreazza, A.; Antilogus, P.; Apel, W.-D.; Apsimon, R. J.; Åsman, B.; Augustin, J.-E.; Augustinus, A.; Baillon, P.; Bambade, P.; Barao, F.; Barate, R.; Barbiellini, G.; Bardin, D. Y.; Baroncelli, A.; Barring, O.; Barrio, J. A.; Bartl, W.; Bates, M. J.; Battaglia, M.; Baubillier, M.; Becks, K.-H.; Beeston, C. J.; Begalli, M.; Beilliere, P.; Belokopytov, Yu.; Beltran, P.; Benedic, D.; Berggren, M.; Bertrand, D.; Bianchi, F.; Bilenky, M. S.; Billoir, P.; Bjarne, J.; Bloch, D.; Blyth, S.; Bocci, V.; Bogolubov, P. N.; Bolognese, T.; Bonesini, M.; Bonivento, W.; Booth, P. S. L.; Borgeaud, P.; Borisov, G.; Borner, H.; Bosio, C.; Bostjancic, B.; Bosworth, S.; Botner, O.; Bouquet, B.; Bourdarios, C.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bozzo, M.; Braibant, S.; Branchini, P.; Brand, K. D.; Brenner, R. A.; Briand, H.; Bricman, C.; Brown, R. C. A.; Brummer, N.; Brunet, J.-M.; Bugge, L.; Buran, T.; Burmeister, H.; Buytaert, J. A. M. A.; Caccia, M.; Calvi, M.; Camacho Rozas, A. J.; Camporesi, T.; Canale, V.; Cao, F.; Carena, F.; Carroll, L.; Caso, C.; Castelli, E.; Castillo Gimenez, M. V.; Cattai, A.; Cavallo, F. R.; Cerrito, L.; Chabaud, V.; Chan, A.; Charpentier, Ph.; Chaussard, L.; Chauveau, J.; Checchia, P.; Chelkov, G. A.; Chevalier, L.; Chliapnikov, P.; Chorowicz, V.; Chrin, J. T. M.; Cirio, R.; Clara, M. P.; Collins, P.; Contreras, J. L.; Contri, R.; Cortina, E.; Cosme, G.; Couchot, F.; Crawley, H. B.; Crennell, D.; Crosetti, G.; Crozon, M.; Cuevas Maestro, J.; Czellar, S.; Dagoret, S.; Dahl-Jensen, E.; Dalmagne, B.; Dam, M.; Damgaard, G.; Darbo, G.; Daubie, E.; Daum, A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Davenport, M.; David, P.; da Silva, W.; Defoix, C.; Delikaris, D.; Della Riccia, B. A.; Delorme, S.; Delpierre, P.; Demaria, N.; de Angelis, A.; de Beer, M.; de Boeck, H.; de Boer, W.; de Clercq, C.; de Fez Laso, M. D. M.; de Groot, N.; de La Vaissiere, C.; de Lotto, B.; de Min, A.; Dijkstra, H.; di Ciaccio, L.; Djama, F.; Dolbeau, J.; Donszelmann, M.; Doroba, K.; Dracos, M.; Drees, J.; Dris, M.; Dufour, Y.; Eek, L.-O.; Eerola, P. A.-M.; Ehret, R.; Ekelof, T.; Ekspong, G.; Elliot Peisert, A.; Engel, J.-P.; Fassouliotis, D.; Fearnley, T. A.; Feindt, M.; Fenyuk, A.; Fernandez Alonso, M.; Ferrer, A.; Filippas, T. A.; Firestone, A.; Foeth, H.; Fokitis, E.; Fontanelli, F.; Forbes, K. A. J.; Franek, B.; Frenkiel, P.; Fries, D. C.; Frodesen, A. G.; Fruhwirth, R.; Fulda-Quenzer, F.; Furnival, K.; Furstenau, H.; Fuster, J.; Galeazzi, G.; Gamba, D.; Garcia, C.; Garcia, J.; Gaspar, C.; Gasparini, U.; Gavillet, Ph.; Gazis, E. N.; Gerber, J.-P.; Giacomelli, P.; Gokieli, R.; Bolob, B.; Golovatyuk, V. M.; Gomez Y Cadenas, J. J.; Goobar, A.; Gopal, G.; Gorski, M.; Gracco, V.; Grant, A.; Grard, F.; Graziani, E.; Grosadidier, G.; Gross, E.; Grosse-Wiesmann, P.; Grossetete, B.; Gumenyuk, S.; Guy, J.; Haedinger, U.; Hahn, F.; Hahn, M.; Haider, S.; Hajduk, Z.; Hakansson, A.; Hallgren, A.; Hamacher, K.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Hao, W.; Harris, F. J.; Henkes, T.; Hernandez, J. J.; Herquet, P.; Herr, H.; Hessing, T. L.; Hietanen, I.; Higgins, C. O.; Higon, E.; Hilke, H. J.; Hodgson, S. D.; Hofmokl, T.; Holmes, R.; Holmgren, S.-O.; Holthuizen, D.; Honore, P. F.; Hooper, J. E.; Houlden, M.; Hrubec, J.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Ioannou, P.; Isenhower, D.; Iversen, P.-S.; Jackson, J. N.; Jalocha, P.; Jarlskog, G.; Jarry, P.; Jean-Marie, B.; Johansson, E. K.; Johnson, D.; Jonker, M.; Jonsson, L.; Juillot, P.; Kalkanis, G.; Kalmus, G.; Kapusta, F.; Karlsson, M.; Karvelas, E.; Katsanevas, S.; Katsoufis, E. C.; Keranen, R.; Kesteman, J.; Khomenko, B. A.; Khovanski, N. N.; King, B.; Kjaer, J. J.; Klein, H.; Klempt, W.; Klovning, A.; Kluit, P.; Koch-Mehrin, A.; Koehne, J. H.; Koene, B.; Kokkinias, P.; Kopf, M.; Korcyl, K.; Korytov, A. V.; Kostioukhine, V.; Kourkoumelis, C.; Kouznetsov, O.; Kramer, P. H.; Krolikowski, J.; Kronkvist, I.; Krstic, J.; Kruener-Marquis, U.; Krupinski, W.; Kulka, K.; Kurvinen, K.; Lacasta, C.; Lambropoulos, C.; Lamsa, J. W.; Lanceri, L.; Lapin, V.; Laugier, J.-P.; Lauhakangas, R.; Leder, G.; Ledroit, F.; Leitner, R.; Lemoigne, Y.; Lemonne, J.; Lenzen, G.; Lepeltier, V.; Levy, J. M.; Lieb, E.; Liko, D.; Lillethun, E.; Lindgren, J.; Lindner, R.; Lipniacka, A.; Lippi, I.; Loerstad, B.; Lokajicek, M.; Loken, J. G.; Lopez-Fernandez, A.; Lopez Aguera, M. A.; Los, M.; Loukas, D.; Lozano, J. J.; Lutz, P.; Lyons, L.; Maehlum, G.; Maillard, J.; Maltezos, A.; Mandl, F.; Marco, J.; Margoni, M.; Marin, J.-C.; Markou, A.; Maron, T.; Marti, S.; Mathis, L.; Matorras, F.; Matteuzzi, C.; Matthiae, G.; Mazzucato, M.; McCubbin, M.; Mc Kay, R.; Mc Nulty, R.; Meola, G.; Meroni, C.; Meyer, W. T.; Michelotto, M.

1992-12-01

68

Searches for Lepton Flavor Violation in the Decays tau{sup +}-->e{sup +}-{gamma} and {tau}{sup +}-->{mu}{sup +}-{gamma}  

SciTech Connect

Searches for lepton-flavor-violating decays of a {tau} lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a photon have been performed with the entire data set of (963+-7)x10{sup 6} {tau} decays collected by the BABAR detector near the {Upsilon}(4S), {Upsilon}(3S) and {Upsilon}(2S) resonances. The searches yield no evidence of signals and we set upper limits on the branching fractions of B(tau{sup +}-->e{sup +}-{gamma})<3.3x10{sup -8} and B({tau}{sup +}-->{mu}{sup +}-{gamma})<4.4x10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V. [Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), Universite de Savoie, CNRS/IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [INFN Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2010-01-15

69

Tau Decays into Three Charged Leptons and Two Neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We search for the radiative leptonic tau decays ?-->ee+e-???e and ?-->?e+e-???? using 3.60 fb-1 of data collected by the CLEO-II experiment at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. We present a first observation of the ?-->ee+e-???e process. For this channel we measure the branching fraction B\\(?-->ee+e-???e\\) = \\(2.7+1.5+0.4+0.1-1.1-0.4-0.3\\)×10-5. An upper limit is established for the second channel: B\\(?-->?e+e-????\\)<3.2×10-5 at 90% C.L. Both results are consistent with the rates expected from standard model predictions.

Alam, M. S.; Kim, I. J.; Ling, Z.; Mahmood, A. H.; O'Neill, J. J.; Severini, H.; Sun, C. R.; Timm, S.; Wappler, F.; Duboscq, J. E.; Fulton, R.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K. K.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Sung, M.; White, C.; Wanke, R.; Wolf, A.; Zoeller, M. M.; Fu, X.; Nemati, B.; Richichi, S. J.; Ross, W. R.; Skubic, P.; Wood, M.; Bishai, M.; Fast, J.; Gerndt, E.; Hinson, J. W.; Miao, T.; Miller, D. H.; Modesitt, M.; Shibata, E. I.; Shipsey, I. P.; Wang, P. N.; Gibbons, L.; Johnson, S. D.; Kwon, Y.; Roberts, S.; Thorndike, E. H.; Jessop, C. P.; Lingel, K.; Marsiske, H.; Perl, M. L.; Schaffner, S. F.; Wang, R.; Coan, T. E.; Dominick, J.; Fadeyev, V.; Korolkov, I.; Lambrecht, M.; Sanghera, S.; Shelkov, V.; Stroynowski, R.; Volobouev, I.; Wei, G.; Artuso, M.; Efimov, A.; Gao, M.; Goldberg, M.; He, D.; Horwitz, N.; Kopp, S.; Moneti, G. C.; Mountain, R.; Mukhin, Y.; Playfer, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Xing, X.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S. E.; Jain, V.; Marka, S.; Gibaut, D.; Kinoshita, K.; Pomianowski, P.; Schrenk, S.; Barish, B.; Chadha, M.; Chan, S.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J. S.; O'Grady, C.; Schmidtler, M.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A. J.; Würthwein, F.; Asner, D. M.; Athanas, M.; Bliss, D. W.; Brower, W. S.; Masek, G.; Paar, H. P.; Gronberg, J.; Korte, C. M.; Kutschke, R.; Menary, S.; Morrison, R. J.; Nakanishi, S.; Nelson, H. N.; Nelson, T. K.; Qiao, C.; Richman, J. D.; Roberts, D.; Ryd, A.; Tajima, H.; Witherell, M. S.; Balest, R.; Cho, K.; Ford, W. T.; Lohner, M.; Park, H.; Rankin, P.; Roy, J.; Smith, J. G.; Alexander, J. P.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B. E.; Berkelman, K.; Bloom, K.; Cassel, D. G.; Cho, H. A.; Coffman, D. M.; Crowcroft, D. S.; Dickson, M.; Drell, P. S.; Dumas, D. J.; Ehrlich, R.; Elia, R.; Gaidarev, P.; Galik, R. S.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S. W.; Hartill, D. L.; Heltsley, B. K.; Jones, C. D.; Jones, S. L.; Kandaswamy, J.; Katayama, N.; Kim, P. C.; Kreinick, D. L.; Lee, T.; Liu, Y.; Ludwig, G. S.; Masui, J.; Mevissen, J.; Mistry, N. B.; Ng, C. R.; Nordberg, E.; Patterson, J. R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Soffer, A.; Ward, C.; Avery, P.; Freyberger, A.; Prescott, C.; Yang, S.; Yelton, J.; Brandenburg, G.; Briere, R. A.; Cinabro, D.; Liu, T.; Saulnier, M.; Wilson, R.; Yamamoto, H.; Browder, T. E.; Li, F.; Rodriguez, J. L.; Bergfeld, T.; Eisenstein, B. I.; Ernst, J.; Gladding, G. E.; Gollin, G. D.; Palmer, M.; Selen, M.; Thaler, J. J.; Edwards, K. W.; McLean, K. W.; Ogg, M.; Bellerive, A.; Britton, D. I.; Janicek, R.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Patel, P. M.; Spaan, B.; Sadoff, A. J.; Ammar, R.; Baringer, P.; Bean, A.; Besson, D.; Coppage, D.; Copty, N.; Davis, R.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, N.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; Nelson, J. K.; Patton, S.; Poling, R.; Riehle, T.; Savinov, V.

1996-04-01

70

Software for physics of tau lepton decay in LHC experiments  

E-print Network

Software development in high energy physics experiments offers unique experience with rapidly changing environment and variety of different standards and frameworks that software must be adapted to. As such, regular methods of software development are hard to use as they do not take into account how greatly some of these changes influence the whole structure. The following thesis summarizes development of TAUOLA C++ Interface introducing tau decays to new event record standard. Documentation of the program is already published. That is why it is not recalled here again. We focus on the development cycle and methodology used in the project, starting from the definition of the expectations through planning and designing the abstract model and concluding with the implementation. In the last part of the paper we present installation of the software within different experiments surrounding Large Hadron Collider and the problems that emerged during this process.

Tomasz Przedzinski

2010-09-20

71

Study of 3-prong hadronic tau decays with charged kaons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a sample of 4.7 fb-1 integrated luminosity accumulated with the CLEO- II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR), multihadron decays of the t lepton have been investigated. This dissertation concentrates on the decays with 3 charged hadron final states with charged kaons and possibly a p0 . We have measured the ratios of branching fractions of signal decay modes relative to well-known 3-prong t decay modes: B(t--->K- h+p- nt ) / B(t--->h- h+h- nt ) = (5.16 +/- 0.20 +/- 0.50) × 10-2, B(t- -->K- h+p- p0 nt) / B(t--->h- h+h- p 0nt) = (2.54 +/- 0.44 +/- 0.39) × 10-2, B(t- -->K- K+p- nt ) / B(t--->h -h+h-n t) = (1.52 +/- 0.14 +/- 0.29) × 10-2, and the upper limit: B(t- -->K- K+p- p0 nt) / B(t--->h- h+h- p0 nt) < 0.0154 at 95% C.L. These results are either significant improvements in accuracy of the previously available results or among the first measurements of the decays (for the decay modes with p0 ). Coupled with additional experimental information, we use our results to extract information on the structure of three-prong tau decays to charged kaons and compare the results to the theoretical predictions.

Kravchenko, Ilya Valerievich

72

Measurements of Branching Fractions of $\\tau$ Lepton Decays with one or more $K^{0}_{S}$  

E-print Network

We report measurements of branching fractions of $\\tau$ lepton decays to final states with a $K^{0}_{S}$ meson using a 669 fb$^{-1}$ data sample accumulated with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $e^{+}e^{-}$ collider. The inclusive branching fraction is measured to be $\\mathcal{B}(\\tau^{-} \\to K^{0}_{S}\\ X^{-} \

Ryu, S; Aihara, H; Asner, D M; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Bala, A; Bhuyan, B; Bobrov, A; Bondar, A; Bonvicini, G; Bozek, A; Bra?ko, M; Browder, T E; ?ervenkov, D; Chekelian, V; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, K; Chobanova, V; Choi, S -K; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Doležal, Z; Dutta, D; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Farhat, H; Fast, J E; Ferber, T; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Ganguly, S; Garmash, A; Gillard, R; Goh, Y M; Golob, B; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W -S; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Iwashita, T; Julius, T; Kato, E; Kiesling, C; Kim, B H; Kim, D Y; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Ko, B R; Kodyš, P; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Kuhr, T; Kwon, Y -J; Lee, S -H; Li, J; Libby, J; Liventsev, D; Lukin, P; MacNaughton, J; Matvienko, D; Miyabayashi, K; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Moll, A; Mori, T; Mussa, R; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nakazawa, H; Nayak, M; Nedelkovska, E; Nisar, N K; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, H K; Pedlar, T K; Petri?, M; Piilonen, L E; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Rostomyan, A; Sahoo, H; Saito, T; Sakai, Y; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Savinov, V; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schwanda, C; Semmler, D; Seon, O; Shebalin, V; Shen, C P; Shibata, T -A; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Sibidanov, A; Simon, F; Sohn, Y -S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stani?, S; Stari?, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Tamponi, U; Tatishvili, G; Teramoto, Y; Uchida, M; Uehara, S; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Van Hulse, C; Vanhoefer, P; Varner, G; Vinokurova, A; Vorobyev, V; Wagner, M N; Wang, C H; Wang, P; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yamashita, Y; Yashchenko, S; Yook, Y; Yuan, C Z; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

2014-01-01

73

High-Statistics Study of the tau^- -> pi^- pi^0 nu_tau Decay  

E-print Network

We report a high-statistics measurement of the branching fraction for tau^- --> pi^- pi^0 nu_tau and the invariant mass spectrum of the produced pi^- pi^0 system using 72.2 fb^-1 of data recorded with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e^+ e^- collider. The branching fraction obtained is (25.24 +/- 0.01 +/- 0.39)%, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. The unfolded pi^- pi^0 mass spectrum is used to determine resonance parameters for the rho(770), rho'(1450), and rho"(1700) mesons. We also use this spectrum to estimate the hadronic (2pi) contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (a_{mu}^{pipi}). Our result for a_{mu}^{pipi} integrated over the mass range sqrt{s} = 2m_{pi} - 1.8 GeV/c^2 is a_{mu}^{pipi} = (523.5 +/- 1.5 (exp) +/- 2.6 (Br) +/- 2.5 (isospin))x 10^{-10}, where the first error is due to the experimental uncertainties, the second is due to the uncertainties in the branching fractions and the third is due to the uncertainties in the isospin-violating corrections.

M. Fujikawa; H. Hayashii; S. Eidelman; for the Belle Collaboration

2008-05-24

74

Improved tau polarisation measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using 22 pb?1 of data collected at LEP in 1992 on the peak of the Z resonance, the ALEPH collaboration has measured the polarisation of\\u000a the tau leptons decaying into\\u000a $$ev\\\\bar v, \\\\mu v\\\\bar v$$\\u000a ,??, ?? and a1\\u000a ? from their individual decay product distributions. The measurement of the tau polarisation as a function of the production\\u000a polar angle

D. Buskulic; D. Casper; I. De Bonis; D. Decamp; P. Ghez; C. Goy; J. P. Lees; M. N. Minard; P. Odier; B. Pietrzyk; F. Ariztizabal; M. Chmeissani; J. M. Crespo; I. Efthymiopoulos; E. Fernandez; M. Fernandez-Bosman; V. Gaitan; Ll Garrido; M. Martinez; S. Orteu; A. Pacheco; C. Padilla; F. Palla; A. Pascual; J. A. Perlas; F. Sanchez; F. Teubert; D. Creanza; M. de Palma; A. Farilla; G. Iaselli; G. Maggi; N. Marinelli; S. Natali; S. Nuzzo; A. Ranieri; G. Raso; F. Romano; F. Ruggieri; G. Selvaggi; L. Silvestris; P. Tempesta; G. Zito; X. Huang; J. Lin; Q. Ouyang; T. Wang; Y. Xie; R. Xu; S. Xue; J. Zhang; L. Zhang; W. Zhao; G. Bonvicini; M. Cattaneo; P. Comas; P. Coyle; H. Drevermann; A. Engelhardt; R. W. Forty; M. Frank; M. Girone; R. Hagelberg; J. Harvey; R. Jacobsen; P. Janot; B. Jost; J. Knobloch; I. Lehraus; M. Maggi; C. Markou; E. B. Martin; P. Mato; H. Meinhard; A. Minten; R. Miquel; T. Oest; P. Palazzi; J. R. Pater; P. Perrodo; J. F. Pusztaszeri; F. Ranjard; P. Rensing; L. Rolandi; D. Schlatter; M. Schmelling; O. Schneider; W. Tejessy; I. R. Tomalin; A. Venturi; H. Wachsmuth; W. Wiedenmann; T. Wildish; W. Witzeling; J. Wotschack; Z. Ajaltouni; M. Bardadin-Otwinowska; A. Barres; C. Boyer; A. Falvard; P. Gay; C. Guicheney; P. Henrard; J. Jousset; B. Michel; S. Monteil; J.-C. Montret; D. Pallin; P. Perret; F. Podlyski; J. Proriol; J.-M. Rossignol; F. Saadi; T. Fearnley; J. B. Hansen; J. D. Hansen; P. H. Hansen; B. S. Nilsson; A. Kyriakis; E. Simopoulou; I. Siotis; A. Vayaki; K. Zachariadou; A. Blondel; G. Bonneaud; J. C. Brient; P. Bourdon; L. Passalacqua; A. Rougé; M. Rumpf; R. Tanaka; A. Valassi; M. Verderi; H. Videau; D. J. Candlin; M. I. Parsons; E. Focardi; G. Parrini; M. Corden; M. Delfino; C. Georgiopoulos; D. E. Jaffe; A. Antonelli; G. Bencivenni; G. Bologna; F. Bossi; P. Campana; G. Capon; F. Cerutti; V. Chiarella; G. Felici; P. Laurelli; G. Mannocchi; F. Murtas; G. P. Murtas; M. Pepe-Altarelli; S. J. Dorris; A. W. Halley; I. ten Have; I. G. Knowles; J. G. Lynch; W. T. Morton; V. O’Shea; C. Raine; P. Reeves; J. M. Scarr; K. Smith; M. G. Smith; A. S. Thompson; F. Thompson; S. Thorn; R. M. Turnbull; U. Becker; O. Braun; C. Geweniger; G. Graefe; P. Hanke; V. Hepp; E. E. Kluge; A. Putzer; B. Rensch; M. Schmidt; J. Sommer; H. Stenzel; K. Tittel; M. Wunsch; R. Beuselinck; D. M. Binnie; W. Cameron; D. J. Colling; P. J. Dornan; N. Konstantinidis; L. Moneta; A. Moutoussi; J. Nash; G. San Martin; J. K. Sedgbeer; A. M. Stacey; G. Dissertori; P. Girtler; E. Kneringer; D. Kuhn; G. Rudolph; C. K. Bowdery; T. J. Brodbeck; P. Colrain; G. Crawford; A. J. Finch; F. Foster; G. Hughes; T. Sloan; E. P. Whelan; M. I. Williams; A. Galla; A. M. Greene; K. Kleinknecht; G. Quast; J. Raab; B. Renk; H.-G. Sander; R. Wanke; C. Zeitnitz; J. J. Aubert; A. M. Bencheikh; C. Benchouk; A. Bonissent; G. Bujosa; D. Calvet; J. Carr; C. Diaconu; F. Etienne; M. Thulasidas; D. Nicod; P. Payre; D. Rousseau; M. Talby; I. Abt; R. Assmann; C. Bauer; W. Blum; D. Brown; H. Dietl; F. Dydak; C. Gotzhein; K. Jakobs; H. Kroha; G. Lütjens; G. Lutz; W. Männer; H.-G. Moser; R. Richter; A. Rosado-Schlosser; A. S. Schwarz; R. Settles; H. Seywerd; U. Stierlin; R. St. Denis; G. Wolf; R. Alemany; J. Boucrot; O. Callot; A. Cordier; F. Courault; M. Davier; L. Duflot; J.-F. Grivaz; Ph Heusse; M. Jacquet; D. W. Kim; F. Le Diberder; J. Lefrançois; A.-M. Lutz; G. Musolino; I. Nikolic; H. J. Park; I. C. Park; M.-H. Schune; S. Simion; J.-J. Veillet; I. Videau; P. Azzurri; D. Abbaneo; G. Bagliesi; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; C. Bozzi; G. Calderini; M. Carpinelli; M. A. Ciocci; V. Ciulli; R. Dell’Orso; I. Ferrante; L. Foà; F. Forti; A. Giassi; M. A. Giorgi; A. Gregorio; F. Ligabue; A. Lusiani; P. S. Marrocchesi; A. Messineo; G. Rizzo; G. Sanguinetti; A. Sciabà; P. Spagnolo; J. Steinberger; R. Tenchini; G. Tonelli; G. Triggiani; C. Vannini; P. G. Verdini; J. Walsh; A. P. Betteridge; G. A. Blair; L. M. Bryant; Y. Gao; M. G. Green; D. L. Johnson; T. Medcalf; Ll M. Mir; J. A. Strong; V. Bertin; D. R. Botterill; R. W. Clifft; T. R. Edgecock; S. Haywood; M. Edwards; P. Maley; P. R. Norton; J. C. Thompson; B. Bloch-Devaux; P. Colas; H. Duarte; S. Emery; W. Kozanecki; E. Lançon; M. C. Lemaire; E. Locci; B. Marx; P. Perez; J. Rander; J.-F. Renardy; A. Rosowsky; A. Roussarie; J.-P. Schuller; J. Schwindling; D. Si Mohand; A. Trabelsi; B. Vallage; R. P. Johnson; A. M. Litke; G. Taylor; J. Wear; A. Beddall; C. N. Booth; R. Boswell; S. Cartwright; F. Combley; I. Dawson; A. Koksal; M. Letho; W. M. Newton; C. Rankin; L. F. Thompson; A. Böhrer; S. Brandt; G. Cowan; E. Feigl; C. Grupen; G. Lutters; J. Minguet-Rodriguez; F. Rivera; P. Saraiva; L. Smolik; F. Stephan; L. Bosisio; R. Della Marina; G. Ganis; G. Giannini; B. Gobbo; L. Pitis; F. Ragusa; H. Kim; J. Rothberg; S. Wasserbaech; S. R. Armstrong; L. Bellantoni; P. Elmer; Z. Feng; D. P. S. Ferguson

1995-01-01

75

Search for B+-->tau+nu decays with hadronic B tags  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the decay B+-->tau+nu using 383×106 BB¯ pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B Factory. We select a sample of events with one completely reconstructed tag B in a hadronic decay mode (B--->D(*)0X-), and examine the rest of the event to search for a B+-->tau+nu decay. We identify

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; D. Bailey; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; G. Onorato; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney

2008-01-01

76

Isospin Violation in tau -> 3 pi nu_tau  

E-print Network

Isospin violating signals in the tau -> 3 pi nu_tau decay mode are discussed. For the tau -> pi^- pi^- pi^+ nu_tau decay mode, isospin violation arises from the vector current contribution in the tau -> omega pi nu_tau decay with the subsequent isospin violating omega decay into pi^+ pi^-. We demonstrate that such effects may be observed in presently available data through the measurement of the interference effects of these vector current contributions with the dominating axial vector current, i.e. through a measurement of the structure functions W_F,W_G,W_H and W_I. In the case of the tau -> pi^0 pi^0 pi^- nu_tau decay mode, a vector current contribution is generated by eta pi mixing in the decay chain tau -> eta rho nu_tau -> pi^0 pi^0 pi^- nu_tau. We find that this effect is rather small, the magnitude of the associated interference terms being too low for present statistics.

Erwin Mirkes; Res Urech

1997-02-21

77

Limit on the tau neutrino mass  

E-print Network

A limit on the tau neutrino mass M(nu)tau is obtained from a study of tau decays in the reaction e+e- --> tau+tau- at center-of-mass energies is similar to 10.6 GeV. The result is based on an end-point analysis of the invariant mass spectrum...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1993-06-01

78

Limits on tau lepton-flavor violating decays into three charged leptons  

E-print Network

A search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating decay of the ? [tau] lepton into three charged leptons has been performed using an integrated luminosity of 468??fb-1 [fb superscript -1] collected with the BABAR ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

79

Review of Standard Tau Decays From the B-Factory Experiments  

SciTech Connect

B-factories have been successfully operating for more than 8 years, providing an unprecedented data sample of e{sup +}e{sup 0} {yields} hadrons events. The BABAR and Belle experiments have in fact already collected over 550 fb{sup -1} and 800 fb{sup -1} respectively at the {Upsilon}(4s) center-of-mass (CM) energy. At this energy, the cross-section for tau production is of the same order of the cross-section for b production: {sigma}(b{bar b}) {approx} 1.1 nb {approx} {sigma}({tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}) {approx} 0.9 nb. For this reason, B-factories can now be considered also Tau-factories. A review of the most recent results on standard tau decays from the BABAR and Belle experiments is presented in this article.

Salvatore, F.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London

2011-11-15

80

Search for anomalous couplings in the decay of polarized Z bosons to tau lepton pairs  

SciTech Connect

Using a sample of 4,500 polarized Z decays to {tau} lepton pairs accumulated with the SLD detector at the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) in 1993-95, a search has been made for anomalous couplings in the neutral current reaction e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}{yields}{tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}}. A measurement of the CP violating Weak Electric Dipole Moment (WEDM) and the CP conserving Weak Magnetic Dipole Moment (WMDM) of the {tau} lepton has been performed by considering the transverse spin polarization of {tau} leptons produced at the Z pole. Using a maximum likelihood technique, the observed {tau} decay spectra in the e, {mu}, {pi}, and {rho} decay channels are used to infer the net transverse polarization of the underlying tau leptons, and a fit for the anomalous dipole moments is performed. No evidence for these dipole movements is observed, and limits are placed on both the real and imaginary parts of the WEDM and WMDM.

Torrence, E.C.

1997-06-01

81

The ATLAS Tau Trigger  

E-print Network

Physics processes involving tau leptons play a crucial role in understanding particle physics at the high energy frontier. The ability to efficiently trigger on events containing hadronic tau decays is therefore of particular importance to the ATLAS experiment. During the 2012 run, the Large Hadronic Collder (LHC) reached instantaneous luminosities of nearly $10^{34} cm^{-2}s^{-1}$ with bunch crossings occurring every $50 ns$. This resulted in a huge event rate and a high probability of overlapping interactions per bunch crossing (pile-up). With this in mind it was necessary to design an ATLAS tau trigger system that could reduce the event rate to a manageable level, while efficiently extracting the most interesting physics events in a pile-up robust manner. In this poster the ATLAS tau trigger is described, its performance during 2012 is presented, and the outlook for the LHC Run II is briefly summarized.

Rados, PK; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01

82

A measurement of the tau lepton lifetime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using tau+tau- pairs in which one tau decays to leptons and the other decays to 3 charged particles we present a high statistics measurement of the tau lepton lifetime. The data used in this analysis were collected with the CLEO detector at CESR and consist of an integrated luminosity of 429 pb-1 taken at, above, and below the Upsilon (4S).

M. Battle; J. Ernst; H. Kroha; S. Roberts; K. Sparks; E. H. Thorndike; C.-H. Wang; R. Stroynowski; M. Artuso; M. Goldberg; N. Horwitz; R. Kennett; G. C. Moneti; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; Y. Rozen; P. Rubin; T. Skwarnicki; S. Stone; M. Thulasidas; W.-M. Yao; G. Zhu; A. V. Bernes; J. Bartelt; S. E. Csorna; Z. Egyed; V. Jain; T. Letson; M. D. Mestayer; P. Sheldon; D. S. Akerib; B. Barish; M. Chadha; D. F. Cowen; G. Eigen; J. S. Miller; J. Urheim; A. J. Weinstein; D. Acosta; G. Masek; B. Ong; H. Paar; M. Sivertz; A. Bean; J. Gronberg; R. Kutschke; S. Menary; R. J. Morrison; H. Nelson; J. Richman; H. Tajima; D. Schmidt; D. Sperka; M. Witherell; M. Procario; M. Daoudi; W. T. Ford; D. R. Johnson; K. Lingel; M. Lohner; P. Rankin; J. G. Smith; J. P. Alexander; C. Bebek; K. Berkelman; D. Besson; T. E. Browder; D. G. Cassel; E. Cheu; D. M. Coffman; P. S. Drell; R. Ehrlich; R. S. Galik; M. Garcia-Sciveres; B. Geiser; B. Gittelman; S. W. Gray; A. M. Halling; D. L. Hartill; B. K. Heltsley; K. Honscheid; C. Jones; J. Kandaswamy; N. Katayama; P. C. Kim; D. L. Kreinick; J. D. Lewis; G. S. Ludwig; J. Masui; J. Mevissen; N. B. Mistry; S. Nandi; C. R. Ng; E. Nordberg; C. O'Grady; J. R. Patterson; D. Peterson; M. Pisharody; D. Riley; M. Sapper; M. Selen; A. Silverman; H. Worden; M. Worris; F. Würthwein; P. Avery; A. Freyberger; J. Rodriguez; R. Stephens; J. Yelton; D. Cinabro; S. Henderson; K. Kinoshita; T. Liu; F. M. Pipkin; M. Saulnier; R. Wilson; J. Wolinski; D. Xiao; H. Yamamoto; A. J. Sadoff; R. Ammar; S. Ball; P. Baringer; D. Coppage; N. Copty; R. Davis; P. Haas; N. Hancock; M. Kelly; N. Kwak; H. Lam; S. Ro; Y. Kubota; M. Lattery; J. K. Nelson; D. Perticone; R. Poling; S. Schrenk; R. Wang; M. S. Alam; I. J. Kim; W. C. Li; B. Nemati; J. J. O'Neill; V. Romero; H. Severini; C. R. Sun; P.-N. Wang; M. M. Zoeller; G. Crawford; R. Fulton; K. K. Gan; T. Jensen; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. Lee; R. Malchow; F. Morrow; M. Sung; C. White; J. Whitmore; P. Wilson; F. Butler; X. Fu; G. Kalbfleisch; M. Lambrecht; P. Skubic; J. Snow; P.-L. Wang; D. Bortoletto; D. N. Brown; J. Dominick; R. L. McIlwain; T. Miao; D. H. Miller; M. Modesitt; S. F. Schaffner; E. I. Shibata; I. P. J. Shipsey

1992-01-01

83

A Search for the Decay Modes B +/- to h +/- tau l  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for the lepton flavor violating decay modes B{sup {+-}} {yields} h{sup {+-}} {tau}{ell} (h = K, {pi}; {ell} = e, {mu}) using the BABAR data sample, which corresponds to 472 million B{bar B} pairs. The search uses events where one B meson is fully reconstructed in one of several hadronic final states. Using the momenta of the reconstructed B, h, and {ell} candidates, we are able to fully determine the {tau} four-momentum. The resulting {tau} candidate mass is our main discriminant against combinatorial background. We see no evidence for B{sup {+-}} {yields} h{sup {+-}} {tau}{ell} decays and set a 90% confidence level upper limit on each branching fraction at the level of a few times 10{sup -5}.

Lees, J.P.

2012-07-20

84

Lepton-flavor-violating decay {tau}{yields}{mu}{mu}{mu} at the CERN LHC  

SciTech Connect

Lepton-flavor-violating {tau} decays are predicted in many extensions of the standard model at a rate observable at future collider experiments. In this article we focus on the decay {tau}{yields}{mu}{mu}{mu}, which is a promising channel to observe lepton-flavor violation at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We present analytic expressions for the differential decay width derived from a model-independent effective Lagrangian with general four-fermion operators, and estimate the experimental acceptance for detecting the decay {tau}{yields}{mu}{mu}{mu} at the LHC. Specific emphasis is given to decay angular distributions and how they can be used to discriminate new physics models. We provide specific predictions for various extensions of the standard model, including supersymmetric, little Higgs, and technicolor models.

Giffels, M.; Stahl, A. [III. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Kallarackal, J. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, RWTH Aachen, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Kraemer, M.; O'Leary, B. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, RWTH Aachen, 52074 Aachen (Germany)

2008-04-01

85

Search For The Higgs Boson Decaying Into $\\tau$-Leptons In The Di-Electron Channel  

E-print Network

The first dedicated search for Higgs bosons decaying into tau pairs with two electrons and 4 neutrinos in the final state is presented. The search is performed with the CMS detector at the LHC based on an integrated luminosity of 4.9 fb$^{-1}$ and 19.7 fb$^{-1}$ at 7 TeV and 8 TeV, respectively. Events with two reconstructed electrons are selected before extensive multivariate analysis techniques are utilized to achieve an optimal background rejection. The $ee$-channel alone excludes $3.2\\times(\\sigma^H_{SM}\\times BR(H\\rightarrow \\tau\\tau))$ for $m_H = 120$ $GeV/c^2$ and $3.7\\times(\\sigma^H_{SM}\\times BR(H\\rightarrow \\tau\\tau))$ for $m_H = 125$ $GeV/c^2$ at 95\\% confidence level. The $ee$-channel is combined into the official CMS $H\\rightarrow \\tau\\tau$ analysis, to find, for the first time, direct evidence for couplings of the new Higgs-like boson to down-type fermions with 3.2$\\sigma$.

Salfeld-Nebgen, Jakob; Schleper, Peter

86

What Renders TAU Toxic  

PubMed Central

TAU is a microtubule-associated protein that under pathological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) forms insoluble, filamentous aggregates. When 20?years after TAU’s discovery the first TAU transgenic mouse models were established, one declared goal that was achieved was the modeling of authentic TAU aggregate formation in the form of neurofibrillary tangles. However, as we review here, it has become increasingly clear that TAU causes damage much before these filamentous aggregates develop. In fact, because TAU is a scaffolding protein, increased levels and an altered subcellular localization (due to an increased insolubility and impaired clearance) result in the interaction of TAU with cellular proteins with which it would otherwise either not interact or do so to a lesser degree, thereby impairing their physiological functions. We specifically discuss the non-axonal localization of TAU, the role phosphorylation has in TAU toxicity and how TAU impairs mitochondrial functions. A major emphasis is on what we have learned from the four available TAU knock-out models in mice, and the knock-out of the TAU/MAP2 homolog PTL-1 in worms. It has been proposed that in human pathological conditions such as AD, a rare toxic TAU species exists which needs to be specifically removed to abrogate TAU’s toxicity and restore neuronal functions. However, what is toxic in one context may not be in another, and simply reducing, but not fully abolishing TAU levels may be sufficient to abrogate TAU toxicity. PMID:23772223

Gotz, Jurgen; Xia, Di; Leinenga, Gerhard; Chew, Yee Lian; Nicholas, Hannah R.

2013-01-01

87

Evidence for a Higgs boson in tau decays with the CMS detector  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I describe the search for a Higgs boson through its decay to a pair of tan leptons with the tau-pair subsequently decaying to ail electron, a muon, and neutrinos. The search is performed using data collected ...

Dutta, Valentina

2014-01-01

88

Four-pion production in tau decays and e+e- annihilation: an update  

E-print Network

An improved description of four-pion production in electron-positron annihilation and in tau lepton decays is presented. The model amplitude is fitted to recent data from BaBar which cover a wide energy range and which were obtained exploiting the radiative return. Predicting tau decay distributions from e+e- data and comparing these predictions with ALEPH and CLEO results, the validity of isospin symmetry is confirmed within the present experimental errors. A good description of two- and three-pion sub-distributions is obtained. Special emphasis is put on the predictions for omega pi (-> pi+pi-pi0) in e+e- annihilation and in tau decay. The model amplitude is implemented in the Monte Carlo generator PHOKHARA.

Henryk Czyz; Johann H. Kuhn; Agnieszka Wapienik

2008-04-01

89

A critical look at V_us determinations from hadronic tau decay data  

E-print Network

A critical review of hadronic tau decay data based determinations of |V_{us}| is given, focussing on the impact of the slow convergence of the integrated D=2 OPE series for the conventional flavor-breaking sum rule determination and the potential role of as-yet-unmeasured multiparticle contributions to the strange spectral distribution. Additional information obtainable from analyses of inclusive strange decay data alone, and from mixed electroproduction-tau sum rules with much reduced OPE uncertainties, is also discussed. Self-consistency tests are shown to favor determinations which reduce somewhat discrepancies with 3-family unitarity expectations.

Kim Maltman

2010-11-29

90

Search for doubly charged Higgs bosons with lepton-flavor-violating decays involving tau leptons.  

PubMed

We search for pair production of doubly charged Higgs particles (H+/- +/-) followed by decays into electron-tau (etau) and muon-tau (mutau) pairs using data (350 pb(-1) collected from [over]pp collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV by the CDF II experiment. We search separately for cases where three or four final-state leptons are detected, and combine results for exclusive decays to left-handed etau (mutau) pairs. We set an H+/- +/- lower mass limit of 114(112) GeV/c(2) at the 95% confidence level. PMID:18851361

Aaltonen, T; Adelman, J; Akimoto, T; Albrow, M G; Alvarez González, B; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Aoki, M; Apollinari, G; Apresyan, A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Azzi-Bacchetta, P; Azzurri, P; Bacchetta, N; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Baroiant, S; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Beauchemin, P-H; Bedeschi, F; Bednar, P; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Belloni, A; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Berry, T; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bizjak, I; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bolshov, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bridgeman, A; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Buzatu, A; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carrillo, S; Carron, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Choudalakis, G; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cooper, B; Copic, K; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Crescioli, F; Cuenca Almenar, C; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cully, J C; Dagenhart, D; Datta, M; Davies, T; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lentdecker, G; De Lorenzo, G; Dell'Orso, M; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; De Pedis, D; Derwent, P F; Di Giovanni, G P; Dionisi, C; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Donati, S; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Efron, J; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Ferrazza, C; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Forrester, S; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garberson, F; Garcia, J E; Garfinkel, A F; Genser, K; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Giagu, S; Giakoumopolou, V; Giannetti, P; Gibson, K; Gimmell, J L; Ginsburg, C M; Giokaris, N; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, K; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Hamilton, A; Han, B-Y; Han, J Y; Handler, R; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, D; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hartz, M; Hatakeyama, K; Hauser, J; Hays, C; Heck, M; Heijboer, A; Heinemann, B; Heinrich, J; Henderson, C; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hewamanage, S; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Husemann, U; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; Iyutin, B; James, E; Jayatilaka, B; Jeans, D; Jeon, E J; Jindariani, S; Johnson, W; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Jung, J E; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kar, D; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kephart, R; Kerzel, U; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Klute, M; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Koay, S A; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kraus, J; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kubo, T; Kuhlmann, S E; Kuhr, T; Kulkarni, N P; Kusakabe, Y; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lai, S; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, J; Lee, J; Lee, Y J; Lee, S W; Lefèvre, R; Leonardo, N; Leone, S; Levy, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C; Lin, C S; Linacre, J; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Lovas, L; Lu, R-S; Lucchesi, D; Lueck, J; Luci, C; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Lytken, E; Mack, P; MacQueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Maki, T; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marino, C; Marino, C P; Martin, A; Martin, M; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Martínez-Ballarín, R; Maruyama, T; Mastrandrea, P; Masubuchi, T; Mattson, M E; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Menzemer, S; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Messina, A; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miles, J; Miller, R; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyake, H; Moed, S; Moggi, N; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagai, Y; Nagano, A; Naganoma, J; Nakamura, K; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Necula, V; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Nielsen, J; Nodulman, L; Norman, M; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Oh, S H

2008-09-19

91

Tau decays with one charged particle plus multiple pi0's  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the CLEO-II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have measured branching fractions for tau lepton decay into one-prong final states with multiple pi0's B0hnpi, normalized to the branching fraction for tau decay into one charged particle and a single pi0. We find B0h2pi\\/B0hpi=0.345+\\/-0.006+\\/-0.016, B0h3pi\\/B0hpi=0.041 +\\/-0.003+\\/-0.005, and B0h4pi\\/B0hpi=0.006+\\/-0.002+\\/-0.002.

M. Procario; S. Yang; R. Balest; K. Cho; M. Daoudi; W. T. Ford; D. R. Johnson; K. Lingel; M. Lohner; P. Rankin; J. G. Smith; J. P. Alexander; C. Bebek; K. Berkelman; D. Besson; T. E. Browder; D. G. Cassel; H. A. Cho; D. M. Coffman; P. S. Drell; R. Ehrlich; R. S. Galik; M. Garcia-Sciveres; B. Geiser; B. Gittelman; S. W. Gray; D. L. Hartill; B. K. Heltsley; K. Honscheid; C. D. Jones; S. L. Jones; J. Kandaswamy; N. Katayama; P. C. Kim; D. L. Kreinick; G. S. Ludwig; J. Masui; J. Mevissen; N. B. Mistry; C. R. Ng; E. Nordberg; M. Ogg; C. O'grady; J. R. Patterson; D. Peterson; D. Riley; M. Sapper; M. Selen; H. Worden; M. Worris; F. Würthwein; P. Avery; A. Freyberger; J. Rodriguez; R. Stephens; J. Yelton; D. Cinabro; S. Henderson; K. Kinoshita; T. Liu; M. Saulnier; R. Wilson; H. Yamamoto; A. J. Sadoff; R. Ammar; S. Ball; P. Baringer; D. Coppage; N. Copty; R. Davis; N. Hancock; M. Kelly; N. Kwak; H. Lam; Y. Kubota; M. Lattery; J. K. Nelson; S. Patton; D. Perticone; R. Poling; V. Savinov; S. Schrenk; R. Wang; M. S. Alam; I. J. Kim; B. Nemati; J. J. O'neill; V. Romero; H. Severini; C. R. Sun; M. M. Zoeller; G. Crawford; R. Fulton; K. K. Gan; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. Lee; R. Malchow; F. Morrow; Y. Skovpen; M. Sung; C. White; J. Whitmore; P. Wilson; F. Butler; X. Fu; G. Kalbfleisch; M. Lambrecht; W. R. Ross; P. Skubic; J. Snow; P. L. Wang; M. Wood; D. Bortoletto; D. N. Brown; J. Dominick; R. L. McIlwain; T. Miao; D. H. Miller; M. Modesitt; S. F. Schaffner; E. I. Shibata; I. P. Shipsey; P. N. Wang; M. Battle; J. Ernst; H. Kroha; S. Roberts; K. Sparks; E. H. Thorndike; C. H. Wang; S. Sanghera; T. Skwarnicki; R. Stroynowski; M. Artuso; D. He; M. Goldberg; N. Horwitz; R. Kennett; G. C. Moneti; F. Muheim; Y. Mukhin; S. Playfer; Y. Rozen; P. Rubin; S. Stone; M. Thulasidas; G. Vasseur; W. M. Yao; G. Zhu; A. V. Barnes; J. Bartelt; S. E. Csorna; Z. Egyed; V. Jain; P. Sheldon; D. S. Akerib; B. Barish; M. Chadha; S. Chan; D. F. Cowen; G. Eigen; J. S. Miller; J. Urheim; A. J. Weinstein; D. Acosta; M. Athanas; G. Masek; B. Ong; H. Paar; M. Sivertz; A. Bean; J. Gronberg; R. Kutschke; S. Menary; R. J. Morrison; H. N. Nelson; J. D. Richman; H. Tajima; D. Schmidt; D. Sperka; M. S. Witherell

1993-01-01

92

Measurement of the Branching Fraction for D8+ rarr tau+nu_tau and Extraction of the Decay Constant f_D_s  

SciTech Connect

The branching fraction for the decay D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} with {tau}{sup +} {yields} e{sup +}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, is measured using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 427 fb{sup -1} collected at center of mass energies near 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at SLAC. In the process e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} c{bar c} {yields} D*{sub s}{sup +} {bar D}{sub TAG}{bar K}X, the D*{sub s}{sup +} meson is reconstructed as a missing particle, and the subsequent decay D*{sub s}{sup +} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}{gamma} yields an inclusive D{sub s}{sup +} data sample. Here {bar D}{sub TAG} refers to a fully reconstructed hadronic {bar D} decay, {bar K} is a K{sup -} or {bar K}{sup 0}, and X stands for any number of charged or neutral pions. The decay D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sup +} is isolated also, and from ratio of event yields and known branching fractions, {Beta}(D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (4.5 {+-} 0.5 {+-} 0.4 {+-} 0.3)% is determined. The pseudoscalar decay constant is extracted to be f{sub D{sub s}} = (233 {+-} 13 {+-} 10 {+-} 7) MeV, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third results from the uncertainties on the external measurements used as input to the calculation.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /UC, Berkeley; Hawkes, C.M.; /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2010-06-04

93

B-Meson Decays into Final States with a tau Lepton  

E-print Network

Decays of B mesons into final states containing a tau lepton are sensitive to new charged-current interactions that break lepton-flavor universality. These decays have been studied only at e+e- colliders, where the low-background environment and well-known initial state make it possible to observe small signals with undetectable neutrinos. In particular, the large data samples of the B factories and recent advances in techniques for full-event reconstruction have led to evidence for the decay B --> tau nu and unambiguous observation of the decays B --> D(*)tau nu. These results have led to exclusion of large regions of the parameter space for a variety of new-physics models. Furthermore, the branching fraction for B --> D(*)tau nu has been measured to be higher than the standard-model expectation by at least 3.4 standard deviations, making this an interesting topic for further research. This letter reviews the theoterical and experimental status of this topic, summarizing the results at this time and outlining the path for further improvements.

Abner Soffer

2014-01-30

94

B-Meson Decays into Final States with a tau Lepton  

E-print Network

Decays of B mesons into final states containing a tau lepton are sensitive to new charged-current interactions that break lepton-flavor universality. These decays have been studied only at e+e- colliders, where the low-background environment and well-known initial state make it possible to observe small signals with undetectable neutrinos. In particular, the large data samples of the B factories and recent advances in techniques for full-event reconstruction have led to evidence for the decay B --> tau nu and unambiguous observation of the decays B --> D(*)tau nu. These results have led to exclusion of large regions of the parameter space for a variety of new-physics models. Furthermore, the branching fraction for B --> D(*)tau nu has been measured to be higher than the standard-model expectation by at least 3.4 standard deviations, making this an interesting topic for further research. This letter reviews the theoterical and experimental status of this topic, summarizing the results at this time and outlinin...

Soffer, Abner

2014-01-01

95

Search for Lepton Flavor Violating Decays tau--->l-Ks0 with the BABAR Experiment  

E-print Network

A search for the lepton flavor violating decays tau--->l-KS0 (l=e or mu) has been performed using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 469??fb[superscript -1], collected with the BABAR detector at the ...

Fisher, Peter H.

96

Search for Lepton Flavour Violation (LFV) in Three-Body Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

The results of searches for Lepton Flavour Violating (LFV) decays at the BaBar detector located on the PEP-II collider, using data collected at an e{sup +}e{sup -} energy of 10.58 GeV, are presented. Upper limits at 90% Confidence Level (CL) are established in the range 1-3 x 10{sup -7} for six {tau} {yields} lll modes using 91.5 fb{sup -1} of data and in the range 0.7-4.8 x 10{sup -7} for fourteen {tau} {yields} lhh modes using 221.4 fb{sup -1} of data. The {tau} {yields} lhh results are preliminary.

Hodgkinson, M.; /Manchester U.

2005-08-17

97

Search for B+-->tau+nu  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the decay B+-->tau+nu using 383×106BB¯ pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B-Factory. A sample of events with one reconstructed semileptonic B decay (B--->D0l-nu¯lX) is selected, and in the recoil a search for B+-->tau+nu is performed. The tau is identified in the following channels: tau+-->e+nunu¯, tau+-->mu+nunu¯, tau+-->pi+nu¯, and

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Lewandowski; M. Pelizaeus; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; D. C. Williams; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; Q. Zeng; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; T. Brandt; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; M. B. Nikolich; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; N. T. Meyer; V. Ziegler; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; C. A. Chavez; I. J. Forster; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; W. Menges; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; S. J. Sekula; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; L. Gladney; M. Biasini

2007-01-01

98

Search for High-Mass Resonances Decaying into Leptons of Different Flavor (e mu, e tau, mu tau) in p anti-p Collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for high-mass resonances decaying into two leptons of different flavor: e{mu}, e{tau}, and {mu}{tau}. These resonances are predicted by several models beyond the standard model, such as the R-parity-violating MSSM. The search is based on 1 fb{sup -1} of data collected at the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF II) in proton anti-proton collisions. Our observations are consistent with the standard model expectations. The results are interpreted to set 95% C.L. upper limits on {sigma} x BR of {tilde {nu}}{sub {tau}} {yields} e{mu}, e{tau}, {mu}{tau}.

Tu, Yanjun; /Pennsylvania U.

2008-10-01

99

Improved Limits on the Lepton-Flavor Violating Decays tau--->l-l+l-  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating decay of the tau lepton into three charged leptons has been performed using 376fb-1 of data collected at an e+e- center-of-mass energy around 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II storage rings. In all six decay modes considered, the numbers of events found in data are compatible with the background

M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; D. Bailey; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli

2007-01-01

100

Search for Lepton-Flavor Violation in the Decay tau--->l-l+l-  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for the lepton-flavor-violating decay of the tau into three charged leptons has been performed using 91.5 fb-1 of data collected at an e+e-center-of-mass energy around 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the SLAC storage ring PEP-II. In all six decay modes considered, the numbers of events found in data are compatible with the background expectations. Upper limits

B. Aubert; R. Barate; D. Boutigny; F. Couderc; J.-M. Gaillard; A. Hicheur; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; A. Palano; A. Pompili; J. C. Chen; N. D. Qi; G. Rong; P. Wang; Y. S. Zhu; G. Eigen; I. Ofte; B. Stugu; G. S. Abrams; A. W. Borgland; A. B. Breon; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; E. Charles; C. T. Day; M. S. Gill; A. V. Gritsan; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; R. W. Kadel; J. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; C. Leclerc; M. E. Levi; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; P. J. Oddone; T. J. Orimoto; M. Pripstein; N. A. Roe; M. T. Ronan; V. G. Shelkov; A. V. Telnov; W. A. Wenzel; K. Ford; T. J. Harrison; C. M. Hawkes; S. E. Morgan; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; M. Fritsch; K. Goetzen; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Lewandowski; M. Pelizaeus; M. Steinke; J. T. Boyd; N. Chevalier; W. N. Cottingham; M. P. Kelly; T. E. Latham; F. F. Wilson; K. Abe; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; D. Thiessen; P. Kyberd; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; V. N. Ivanchenko; E. A. Kravchenko; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; A. N. Yushkov; D. Best; M. Bruinsma; M. Chao; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; M. Mandelkern; R. K. Mommsen; W. Roethel; D. P. Stoker; C. Buchanan; B. L. Hartfiel; J. W. Gary; B. C. Shen; K. Wang; D. del Re; H. K. Hadavand; E. J. Hill; D. B. Macfarlane; H. P. Paar; Sh. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; B. Dahmes; S. L. Levy; O. Long; A. Lu; M. A. Mazur; J. D. Richman; W. Verkerke; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. A. Heusch; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; R. E. Schmitz; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; P. Spradlin; D. C. Williams; M. G. Wilson; J. Albert; E. Chen; G. P. Dubois-Felsmann; A. Dvoretskii; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; A. Ryd; A. Samuel; S. Yang; S. Jayatilleke; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; M. D. Sokoloff; T. Abe; F. Blanc; P. Bloom; S. Chen; P. J. Clark; W. T. Ford; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; P. Rankin; J. G. Smith; W. C. van Hoek; L. Zhang; J. L. Harton; T. Hu; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; D. Altenburg; T. Brandt; J. Brose; T. Colberg; M. Dickopp; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. M. Lacker; E. Maly; R. Müller-Pfefferkorn; R. Nogowski; S. Otto; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; B. Spaan; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; F. Brochard; P. Grenier; Ch. Thiebaux; G. Vasileiadis; M. Verderi; D. J. Bard; A. Khan; D. Lavin; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; M. Andreotti; V. Azzolini; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; G. Cibinetto; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Sarti; E. Treadwell; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; P. Patteri; M. Piccolo; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Capra; R. Contri; G. Crosetti; M. Lo Vetere; M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; S. Bailey; G. Brandenburg; M. Morii; E. Won; R. S. Dubitzky; U. Langenegger; W. Bhimji; D. A. Bowerman; P. D. Dauncey; U. Egede; J. R. Gaillard; G. W. Morton; J. A. Nash; G. P. Taylor; G. J. Grenier; S.-J. Lee; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; J. Lamsa; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; J. Yi; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; S. Laplace; F. Le Diberder; V. Lepeltier; A. M. Lutz; T. C. Petersen; S. Plaszczynski; M. H. Schune; L. Tantot; G. Wormser; C. H. Cheng; D. J. Lange; M. C. Simani; D. M. Wright; A. J. Bevan; J. P. Coleman; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; M. Kay; R. J. Parry; D. J. Payne; R. J. Sloane; C. Touramanis; J. J. Back; P. F. Harrison; G. B. Mohanty; C. L. Brown; G. Cowan; R. L. Flack; H. U. Flaecher; S. George; M. G. Green; A. Kurup; C. E. Marker; T. R. McMahon; S. Ricciardi; F. Salvatore; G. Vaitsas; M. A. Winter; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; P. A. Hart; M. C. Hodgkinson; G. D. Lafferty; A. J. Lyon; J. C. Williams; A. Farbin; W. D. Hulsbergen; A. Jawahery; D. Kovalskyi; C. K. Lae; V. Lillard; D. A. Roberts; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; K. T. Flood; S. S. Hertzbach; R. Kofler; V. B. Koptchev; T. B. Moore; S. Saremi; H. Staengle; S. Willocq; R. Cowan; G. Sciolla; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; D. J. Mangeol; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; J. Reidy; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; P. Taras; H. Nicholson; C. Cartaro; N. Cavallo; F. Fabozzi; C. Gatto; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; P. Paolucci; D. Piccolo; C. Sciacca; M. Baak; G. Raven; L. Wilden; C. P. Jessop; J. M. Losecco; T. A. Gabriel; T. Allmendinger; B. Brau; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; D. Hufnagel; H. Kagan; R. Kass; T. Pulliam; R. Ter-Antonyan; Q. K. Wong; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; C. T. Potter; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; E. Torrence; F. Colecchia; A. Dorigo; F. Galeazzi; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; G. Tiozzo; C. Voci; M. Benayoun

2004-01-01

101

Study of top quark production and decays involving a tau lepton at CDF and limits on a charged Higgs boson contribution  

E-print Network

We present an analysis of top-antitop quark production and decay into a tau lepton, tau neutrino, and bottom quark using data from 9??fb[superscript ?1] of integrated luminosity at the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Dilepton ...

Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo

102

Evidence for an excess of B to D(*) Tau Nu decays  

SciTech Connect

Based on the full BABAR data sample, we report improved measurements of the ratios R(D{sup (*)}) = {Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)} {tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)} {ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}), where {ell} is either e or {mu}. These ratios are sensitive to new physics contributions in the form of a charged Higgs boson. We measure R(D) = 0.440 {+-} 0.058 {+-} 0.042 and R(D*) = 0.332 {+-} 0.024 {+-} 0.018, which exceed the Standard Model expectations by 2.0{sigma} and 2.7{sigma}, respectively. Taken together, our results disagree with these expectations at the 3.4{sigma} level. This excess cannot be explained by a charged Higgs boson in the type II two-Higgs-doublet model. We also report the observation of the decay {bar B} {yields} D{tau}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}, with a significance of 6.8{sigma}.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Palano, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, David Nathan; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; So, R.Y.; /British Columbia U.; Khan, A.; /Brunel U.; Blinov, V.E.; /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U.; /more authors..

2012-10-09

103

Tau Trigger at the ATLAS Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Many theoretical models, like the Standard Model or SUSY at large tan({beta}), predict Higgs bosons or new particles which decay more abundantly to final states including tau leptons than to other leptons. At the energy scale of the LHC, the identification of tau leptons, in particular in the hadronic decay mode, will be a challenging task due to an overwhelming QCD background which gives rise to jets of particles that can be hard to distinguish from hadronic tau decays. Equipped with excellent tracking and calorimetry, the ATLAS experiment has developed tau identification tools capable of working at the trigger level. This contribution presents tau trigger algorithms which exploit the main features of hadronic tau decays and describes the current tau trigger commissioning activities. Many of the SM processes being investigated at ATLAS, as well as numerous BSM searches, contain tau leptons in their final states. Being able to trigger effectively on the tau leptons in these events will contribute to the success of the ATLAS experiment. The tau trigger algorithms and monitoring infrastructure are ready for the first data, and are being tested with the data collected with cosmic muons. The development of efficiency measurements methods using QCD and Z {yields} {tau}{tau} events is well advanced.

Benslama, K.; Kalinowski, A.; /Regina U.; Belanger-Champange, C.; Brenner, R.; /Uppsala U.; Bosman, M.; Casado, P.; Osuna, C.; Perez, E.; Vorwerk, V.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Czyczula, Z.; Dam, M.; Xella, S.; /Copenhagen U.; Demers, S.; /SLAC; Farrington, S.; /Oxford U.; Igonkina, O.; /NIKHEF, Amsterdam; Kanaya, N.; Tsuno, S.; /Tokyo U.; Ptacek, E.; Reinsch, A.; Strom, David M.; Torrence, E.; /Oregon U. /Sydney U. /Lancaster U. /Birmingham U.

2011-11-09

104

QCD condensates of dimension D=6 and D=8 from hadronic tau-decays  

E-print Network

The high-precision data from hadronic tau decays allows one to extract information on QCD condensates. Using the finalized ALEPH data, we obtain a more rigorous determination of the dimension 6 and 8 condensates for the V-A correlator. In particular, we find that the recent data fix a certain linear combination of these QCD condensates to a precision at the level of O(2%). Our approach relies on more general assumptions than alternative approaches based on finite energy sum rules.

A. A. Almasy; K. Schilcher; H. Spiesberger

2006-12-22

105

Measurement of the {tau} lifetime at SLD  

SciTech Connect

A measurement of the lifetime of the {tau} lepton has been made using a sample of 1671 {ital Z}{sup 0}{r_arrow}{tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}} decays collected by the SLD detector at the SLC. The measurement benefits from the small and stable collision region at the SLC and the precision pixel vertex detector of the SLD. Three analysis techniques have been used: decay length, impact parameter, and impact parameter difference methods. The combined result is {tau}{sub {tau}}=297{plus_minus}9 (stat){plus_minus}5(syst) fs.

Abe, K.; Abt, I.; Ahn, C.J.; Akagi, T.; Allen, N.J.; Ash, W.W.; Aston, D.; Baird, K.G.; Baltay, C.; Band, H.R.; Barakat, M.B.; Baranko, G.; Bardon, O.; Barklow, T.; Bazarko, A.O.; Ben-David, R.; Benvenuti, A.C.; Bienz, T.; Bilei, G.M.; Bisello, D.; Blaylock, G.; Bogart, J.R.; Bolton, T.; Bower, G.R.; Brau, J.E.; Breidenbach, M.; Bugg, W.M.; Burke, D.; Burnett, T.H.; Burrows, P.N.; Busza, W.; Calcaterra, A.; Caldwell, D.O.; Calloway, D.; Camanzi, B.; Carpinelli, M.; Cassell, R.; Castaldi, R.; Castro, A.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Church, E.; Cohn, H.O.; Coller, J.A.; Cook, V.; Cotton, R.; Cowan, R.F.; Coyne, D.G.; D`Oliveira, A.; Damerell, C.J.S.; Daoudi, M.; De Sangro, R.; De Simone, P.; Dell`Orso, R.; Dima, M.; Du, P.Y.C.; Dubois, R.; Eisenstein, B.I.; Elia, R.; Etzion, E.; Falciai, D.; Fero, M.J.; Frey, R.; Furuno, K.; Gillman, T.; Gladding, G.; Gonzalez, S.; Hallewell, G.D.; Hart, E.L.; Hasegawa, Y.; Hedges, S.; Hertzbach, S.S.; Hildreth, M.D.; Huber, J.; Huffer, M.E.; Hughes, E.W.; Hwang, H.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jackson, D.J.; Jacques, P.; Jaros, J.; Johnson, A.S.; Johnson, J.R.; Johnson, R.A.; Junk, T.; Kajikawa, R.; Kalelkar, M.; Kang, H.J.; Karliner, I.; Kawahara, H.; Kendall, H.W.; Kim, Y.; King, M.E.; King, R.; Kofler, R.R.; Krishna, N.M.; Kroeger, R.S.; Labs, J.F.; Langston, M.; Lath, A.; Lauber, J.A.; Leith, D.W.G.; Liu, M.X.; Liu, X.; Loreti, M.; Lu, A.; Lynch, H.L.; Ma, J.; Mancinelli, G.; Manly, S.; Mantovani, G.; Markiewicz, T.W.; Maruyama, T.; Massetti, R.; Masuda, H.; Mazzucato, E.; McKemey, A.K.; Meadows, B.T.; Messner, R.; Mockett, P.M.; Moffeit, K.C.; Mours, B.; Mueller, G.; Muller, D.; Nagamine, T.; Nauenberg, U.; Neal, H.; Nussbaum, M.; Ohnishi, Y.; Osborne, L.S.; Panvini, R.S.; Park, H.; Pavel, T.J.; Peruzzi, I.; Piccolo, M.; Piemontese, L.; Pieroni, E.; Pitts, K.T.; Plano, R.J.; Prepost, R.; Prescott, C.Y.; Punkar, G.D.; Quigley, J.; Ratcliff, B.N.; Reeves, T.W.; Reidy, J.; Rensing, P.E.; Rochester, L.S.; Rothberg, J.E.; Rowson, P.C.; (The SLD Collabor..

1995-11-01

106

Search For the Lepton-Flavor Violating Decays Y(3S)->e tau and Y(3S)->mu tau  

SciTech Connect

Charged lepton-flavor violating processes are extremely rare in the Standard Model, but they are predicted to occur in several beyond-the-Standard Model theories, including Supersymmetry or models with leptoquarks or compositeness. We present a search for such processes in a sample of 117 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(3S) decays recorded with the BABAR detector. We place upper limits on the branching fractions BF({Upsilon}(3S) {yields} e{sup {+-}}{tau}{sup {-+}}) < 5.0 x 10{sup -6} and BF({Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{tau}{sup {-+}}) < 4.1 x 10{sup -6} at 90% confidence level. These results are used to place lower limits on the mass scale of beyond-the-Standard Model physics contributing to lepton-flavor violating decays of the {Upsilon}(3S).

Aubert, B.

2008-12-11

107

Measurements of Charged Current Lepton Universality and |Vus| using Tau Lepton Decays to e- v v, __- v v, pi- v and K- v  

SciTech Connect

Using 467 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation data collected with the BABAR detector, they measure {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {mu}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.9796 {+-} 0.0016 {+-} 0.0036), {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.5945 {+-} 0.0014 {+-} 0.0061), and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.03882 {+-} 0.00032 {+-} 0.00057), where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. From these precision {tau} measurements, they test the Standard Model assumption of {mu}-e and {tau}-{mu} charge current lepton universality and provide determinations of |V{sub us}| experimentally independent of the decay of a kaon.

Aubert, Bernard; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-06-30

108

Improved Limits on the Lepton Flavor Violating Decays Tau -> l V^0  

SciTech Connect

The authors search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor-violating tau decays {tau}{sup -} {yields} {ell}{sup -}V{sup 0}, where {ell} is an electron or muon and V{sup 0} is a fector meson reconstructed as {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}, {rho} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, K* {yields} K{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, {bar K}* {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}. The analysis has been performed using 451 fb{sup -1} of data collected at an e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage rings. The number of events found in the data is compatible with the background expectation, and upper limits on the branching fractions are set in the range (2.6-19) x 10{sup -8} at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2009-06-19

109

Measurement of the tau lifetime  

SciTech Connect

If the tau lepton couples to the charged weak current with universal strength, its lifetime can be expressed in terms of the muon's lifetime, the ratio of the masses of the muon and the tau, and the tau's branching ratio into e anti nu/sub e/ nu/sub tau/ as tau/sub tau/ = tau/sub ..mu../ (m/sub ..mu..//m/sub tau/)/sup 5/ B(tau ..-->.. e anti nu/sub e/nu/sub tau/) = 2.8 +- 0.2 x 10/sup -13/ s. This paper describes the measurement of the tau lifetime made by the Mark II collaboration, using a new high precision drift chamber in contunction with the Mark II detector at PEP. The results of other tau lifetime measurements are summarized.

Jaros, J.A.

1982-10-01

110

Selected Topics in Tau Physics from BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Selected results from {tau} analyses performed using the BABAR detector at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are presented. A precise measurement of the {tau} mass and the {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} mass difference is undertaken using the hadronic decay mode {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup {+-}}{nu}{sub {tau}}. In addition an investigation into the strange decay modes {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} is also presented, including a fit to the {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} invariant mass spectrum. Precise values for M(K*(892)) and {Lambda}(K*(892)) are obtained.

Paramesvaran, S.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; ,

2012-04-06

111

Limits on tau lepton flavor violating decays in three charged leptons  

SciTech Connect

A search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating decay of the {tau} lepton into three charged leptons has been performed using an integrated luminosity of 468 fb{sup -1} collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II collider. In all six decay modes considered, the numbers of events found in data are compatible with the background expectations. Upper limits on the branching fractions are set in the range (1.8-3.3) x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Cervelli, Alberto

2010-04-29

112

Search for LFV in Tau- to L- L+ L- Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

We report the results of search for the neutrinoless lepton-flavor violating decay of the tau lepton into three charged leptons, performed using 376 fb{sup -1} of data collected at an e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy around 10.58 GeV with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II. In all six decay modes considered, the number of events found in data are compatible with the background expectations. Upper limits on the branching fractions are set in the range (4-8) x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Giorgi, Marcello A.; /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa

2011-11-30

113

Tau-lepton production and decay at Petra energies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The production and decay of ?-pairs was studied with the JADE detector at PETRA at center-of-mass energies of 30 <=?s <= 46.78 GeV. The total production cross section for ?-pairs agreed with QED predictions to order ?3. Lower limits on QED cut-off parameters of ?+ > 285 GeV and ?- > 210 GeV at 95% confidence level were ontained. The decay branching fractions into one and three charged particles were determined to be (86.1 +/- 0.5 +/- 0.9)% and (13.6+/-0.5 +/-0.80)%. In the angular distributions a forward-backward asymmetry was observed, from which the axial-vector weak charge to the ? was determined to be a? = -0.74 +/- 0.22 in agreement with the standard model. An analysis of the process e+e- --> ?+?-? showed agreement with QED calculations to O(?3).

Bartel, W.; Becker, L.; Cords, D.; Felst, R.; Haidt, D.; Knies, G.; Krehbiel, H.; Laurikainen, P.; Magnussen, N.; Meinke, R.; Naroska, B.; Olsson, J.; Schmidt, D.; Steffen, P.; Dietrich, G.; Hagemann, J.; Heinzelmann, G.; Kado, H.; Kawagoe, K.; Kleinwort, C.; Kuhlen, M.; Petersen, A.; Ramcke, R.; Schneekloth, U.; Weber, G.; Ambrus, K.; Bethke, S.; Dieckmann, A.; Elsen, E.; Heintze, J.; Hellenbrand, K. H.; Komamiya, S.; von Krogh, J.; Lennert, P.; Matsumura, H.; Rieseberg, H.; Spitzer, J.; Wagner, A.; Bowdery, C. K.; Finch, A. J.; Foster, F.; Hughes, G.; Nye, J. M.; Allison, J.; Ball, A. H.; Barlow, R. J.; Chrin, J.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Greenshaw, T.; Hill, P.; Loebinger, F. K.; MacBeth, A. A.; McCann, H.; Mills, H. E.; Murphy, P. G.; Stephens, K.; Warming, P.; Glasser, R. G.; Skard, J. A. J.; Wagner, S. R.; Zorn, G. T.; Cartwright, S. L.; Clarke, D.; Marshall, R.; Middleton, R. P.; Kawamoto, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Takeda, H.; Nozaki, M.; Takeshita, T.; Yamada, S.

1985-10-01

114

Search for CP Violation in {tau}{sup {+-}}{yields}K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup {+-}}{nu}{sub {tau}} Decays at Belle  

SciTech Connect

We report on a search for CP violation in {tau}{sup {+-}}{yields}K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup {+-}}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays using a data sample of 699 fb{sup -1} collected by the Belle experiment at the KEKB electron-positron asymmetric-energy collider. The CP asymmetry is measured in four bins of the invariant mass of the K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup {+-}} system and found to be compatible with zero with a precision of O(10{sup -3}) in each mass bin. Limits for the CP violation parameter Im({eta}{sub S}) are given at the 90% confidence level. These limits are |Im({eta}{sub S})|<0.026 or better, depending on the parametrization used to describe the hadronic form factors, and improve upon previous limits by 1 order of magnitude.

Bischofberger, M.; Hayashii, H.; Miyabayashi, K. [Nara Women's University, Nara (Japan); Adamczyk, K.; Bozek, A. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow (Poland); Aihara, H. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Aulchenko, V.; Eidelman, S.; Epifanov, D.; Shwartz, B.; Vinokurova, A.; Zhulanov, V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Bakich, A. M.; McOnie, S. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Balagura, V.; Danilov, M.; Mizuk, R.; Pakhlova, G.; Uglov, T. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Barberio, E. [University of Melbourne, School of Physics, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

2011-09-23

115

Search for Higgs Bosons Decaying to Tau Pairs in p pmacr Collisions with the D0 Detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the production of neutral Higgs bosons varphi decaying into tau+tau- final states in p pmacr collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 1fb-1, were collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Limits on the production cross section times branching ratio are set.

V. M. Abazov; B. Abbott; M. Abolins; B. S. Acharya; M. Adams; T. Adams; E. Aguilo; S. H. Ahn; M. Ahsan; G. D. Alexeev; G. Alkhazov; A. Alton; G. Alverson; G. A. Alves; M. Anastasoaie; L. S. Ancu; T. Andeen; S. Anderson; B. Andrieu; M. S. Anzelc; M. Aoki; Y. Arnoud; M. Arthaud; A. Askew; B. Åsman; A. C. S. Assis Jesus; O. Atramentov; C. Avila; F. Badaud; A. Baden; L. Bagby; B. Baldin; D. V. Bandurin; P. Banerjee; S. Banerjee; E. Barberis; A.-F. Barfuss; P. Bargassa; P. Baringer; J. Barreto; J. F. Bartlett; U. Bassler; D. Bauer; S. Beale; A. Bean; M. Begalli; M. Begel; C. Belanger-Champagne; L. Bellantoni; A. Bellavance; J. A. Benitez; S. B. Beri; G. Bernardi; R. Bernhard; I. Bertram; M. Besançon; R. Beuselinck; V. A. Bezzubov; P. C. Bhat; V. Bhatnagar; C. Biscarat; G. Blazey; F. Blekman; S. Blessing; D. Bloch; K. Bloom; A. Boehnlein; D. Boline; T. A. Bolton; E. E. Boos; G. Brooijmans; T. Bose; A. Brandt; R. Brock; A. Bross; D. Brown; N. J. Buchanan; D. Buchholz; M. Buehler; V. Buescher; V. Bunichev; S. Burdin; S. Burke; T. H. Burnett; C. P. Buszello; J. M. Butler; P. Calfayan; S. Chakrabarti; J. Cammin; W. Carvalho; B. C. K. Casey; H. Castilla-Valdez; D. Chakraborty; K. Chan; A. Chandra; F. Charles; E. Cheu; F. Chevallier; D. K. Cho; S. Choi; B. Choudhary; L. Christofek; T. Christoudias; S. Cihangir; D. Claes; J. Clutter; M. Cooke; W. E. Cooper; M.-C. Cousinou; F. Couderc; S. Crépé-Renaudin; D. Cutts; M. Cwiok; H. da Motta; A. Das; G. Davies; K. de; S. J. de Jong; E. de La Cruz-Burelo; C. de Oliveira Martins; J. D. Degenhardt; F. Déliot; M. Demarteau; R. Demina; D. Denisov; S. P. Denisov; S. Desai; H. T. Diehl; M. Diesburg; A. Dominguez; H. Dong; L. V. Dudko; L. Duflot; S. R. Dugad; D. Duggan; A. Duperrin; J. Dyer; A. Dyshkant; M. Eads; D. Edmunds; J. Ellison; V. D. Elvira; Y. Enari; S. Eno; P. Ermolov; H. Evans; A. Evdokimov; V. N. Evdokimov; A. V. Ferapontov; T. Ferbel; F. Fiedler; F. Filthaut; W. Fisher; H. E. Fisk; M. Fortner; H. Fox; S. Fu; S. Fuess; T. Gadfort; C. F. Galea; E. Gallas; C. Garcia; A. Garcia-Bellido; V. Gavrilov; P. Gay; W. Geist; D. Gelé; C. E. Gerber; Y. Gershtein; D. Gillberg; G. Ginther; N. Gollub; B. Gómez; A. Goussiou; P. D. Grannis; H. Greenlee; Z. D. Greenwood; E. M. Gregores; G. Grenier; Ph. Gris; J.-F. Grivaz; A. Grohsjean; S. Grünendahl; M. W. Grünewald; F. Guo; J. Guo; G. Gutierrez; P. Gutierrez; A. Haas; N. J. Hadley; P. Haefner; S. Hagopian; J. Haley; I. Hall; R. E. Hall; L. Han; K. Harder; A. Harel; J. M. Hauptman; R. Hauser; J. Hays; T. Hebbeker; D. Hedin; J. G. Hegeman; A. P. Heinson; U. Heintz; C. Hensel; K. Herner; G. Hesketh; M. D. Hildreth; R. Hirosky; J. D. Hobbs; B. Hoeneisen; H. Hoeth; M. Hohlfeld; S. J. Hong; S. Hossain; P. Houben; Y. Hu; Z. Hubacek; V. Hynek; I. Iashvili; R. Illingworth; A. S. Ito; S. Jabeen; M. Jaffré; S. Jain; K. Jakobs; C. Jarvis; R. Jesik; K. Johns; C. Johnson; M. Johnson; A. Jonckheere; P. Jonsson; A. Juste; E. Kajfasz; J. M. Kalk; D. Karmanov; P. A. Kasper; I. Katsanos; D. Kau; V. Kaushik; R. Kehoe; S. Kermiche; N. Khalatyan; A. Khanov; A. Kharchilava; Y. M. Kharzheev; D. Khatidze; T. J. Kim; M. H. Kirby; M. Kirsch; B. Klima; J. M. Kohli; J.-P. Konrath; A. V. Kozelov; J. Kraus; D. Krop; T. Kuhl; A. Kumar; A. Kupco; T. Kurca; V. A. Kuzmin; J. Kvita; F. Lacroix; D. Lam; S. Lammers; G. Landsberg; P. Lebrun; W. M. Lee; A. Leflat; J. Lellouch; J. Leveque; J. Li; L. Li; Q. Z. Li; S. M. Lietti; J. G. R. Lima; D. Lincoln; J. Linnemann; V. V. Lipaev; R. Lipton; Y. Liu; Z. Liu; A. Lobodenko; M. Lokajicek; P. Love; H. J. Lubatti; R. Luna; A. L. Lyon; A. K. A. Maciel; D. Mackin; R. J. Madaras; P. Mättig; C. Magass; A. Magerkurth; P. K. Mal; H. B. Malbouisson; S. Malik; V. L. Malyshev; H. S. Mao; Y. Maravin; B. Martin; R. McCarthy; A. Melnitchouk; L. Mendoza; P. G. Mercadante; M. Merkin; K. W. Merritt; A. Meyer; J. Meyer; T. Millet; J. Mitrevski; R. K. Mommsen; N. K. Mondal; R. W. Moore; T. Moulik; G. S. Muanza; M. Mulhearn; O. Mundal; L. Mundim; E. Nagy; M. Naimuddin; M. Narain; N. A. Naumann; H. A. Neal; J. P. Negret; P. Neustroev; H. Nilsen; H. Nogima; S. F. Novaes; T. Nunnemann; V. O'Dell; D. C. O'Neil; G. Obrant; C. Ochando; D. Onoprienko; N. Oshima; N. Osman; J. Osta; R. Otec; G. J. Otero Y Garzón; M. Owen; P. Padley; M. Pangilinan; N. Parashar; S.-J. Park; S. K. Park; J. Parsons; R. Partridge; N. Parua; A. Patwa; G. Pawloski; B. Penning; M. Perfilov; K. Peters; Y. Peters; P. Pétroff; M. Petteni; R. Piegaia; J. Piper; M.-A. Pleier; P. L. M. Podesta-Lerma; V. M. Podstavkov; Y. Pogorelov; M.-E. Pol; P. Polozov; B. G. Pope; A. V. Popov; C. Potter; W. L. Prado da Silva; H. B. Prosper; S. Protopopescu; J. Qian; A. Quadt; B. Quinn; A. Rakitine; M. S. Rangel; K. Ranjan; P. N. Ratoff; P. Renkel; S. Reucroft; P. Rich; J. Rieger; M. Rijssenbeek; I. Ripp-Baudot; F. Rizatdinova; S. Robinson; R. F. Rodrigues; M. Rominsky

2008-01-01

116

Search for supersymmetric Higgs bosons in the di-tau decay mode in pp¯ collisions at &surd;(s)=1.8 TeV  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for the direct production of Higgs bosons in the di-tau decay mode is performed with 86.3±3.5pb-1 of data collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab during the 1994-1995 data taking period of the Tevatron. We search for events where one tau decays to an electron plus neutrinos and the other tau decays hadronically. We perform a counting experiment

D. Acosta; T. Affolder; M. G. Albrow; D. Ambrose; D. Amidei; K. Anikeev; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; W. Ashmanskas; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; N. Bacchetta; H. Bachacou; W. Badgett; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; S. Baroiant; M. Barone; G. Bauer; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; S. Belforte; W. H. Bell; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; A. Bhatti; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; M. Bishai; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; K. Bloom; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; G. Bolla; A. Bolshov; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; C. Bromberg; E. Brubaker; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; K. L. Byrum; S. Cabrera; M. Campbell; W. Carithers; D. Carlsmith; A. Castro; D. Cauz; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; J. Chapman; C. Chen; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; F. Chlebana; M. L. Chu; J. Y. Chung; W.-H. Chung; Y. S. Chung; C. I. Ciobanu; A. G. Clark; M. Coca; A. Connolly; M. Convery; J. Conway; M. Cordelli; J. Cranshaw; R. Culbertson; D. Dagenhart; S. D'Auria; P. de Barbaro; S. de Cecco; S. Dell'Agnello; M. Dell'Orso; S. Demers; L. Demortier; M. Deninno; D. de Pedis; P. F. Derwent; C. Dionisi; J. R. Dittmann; A. Dominguez; S. Donati; M. D'Onofrio; T. Dorigo; N. Eddy; R. Erbacher; D. Errede; S. Errede; R. Eusebi; S. Farrington; R. G. Feild; J. P. Fernandez; C. Ferretti; R. D. Field; I. Fiori; B. Flaugher; L. R. Flores-Castillo; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; J. Friedman; I. Furic; M. Gallinaro; M. Garcia-Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; C. Gay; D. W. Gerdes; E. Gerstein; S. Giagu; P. Giannetti; K. Giolo; M. Giordani; P. Giromini; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; N. Goldschmidt; J. Goldstein; G. Gomez; M. Goncharov; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; Y. Gotra; K. Goulianos; A. Gresele; C. Grosso-Pilcher; M. Guenther; J. Guimaraes da Costa; C. Haber; S. R. Hahn; E. Halkiadakis; R. Handler; F. Happacher; K. Hara; R. M. Harris; F. Hartmann; K. Hatakeyama; J. Hauser; J. Heinrich; M. Hennecke; M. Herndon; C. Hill; A. Hocker; K. D. Hoffman; S. Hou; B. T. Huffman; R. Hughes; J. Huston; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; C. Issever; A. Ivanov; Y. Iwata; B. Iyutin; E. James; M. Jones; T. Kamon; J. Kang; M. Karagoz Unel; S. Kartal; H. Kasha; Y. Kato; R. D. Kennedy; R. Kephart; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; T. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; M. Kirby; L. Kirsch; S. Klimenko; P. Koehn; K. Kondo; J. Konigsberg; A. Korn; A. Korytov; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; V. Krutelyov; S. E. Kuhlmann; N. Kuznetsova; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lami; S. Lammel; J. Lancaster; M. Lancaster; R. Lander; K. Lannon; A. Lath; G. Latino; T. Lecompte; Y. Le; J. Lee; S. W. Lee; N. Leonardo; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; K. Li; C. S. Lin; M. Lindgren; T. M. Liss; D. O. Litvintsev; T. Liu; N. S. Lockyer; A. Loginov; M. Loreti; D. Lucchesi; P. Lukens; L. Lyons; J. Lys; R. Madrak; K. Maeshima; P. Maksimovic; L. Malferrari; M. Mangano; G. Manca; M. Mariotti; M. Martin; A. Martin; V. Martin; M. Martínez; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; P. McIntyre; M. Menguzzato; A. Menzione; P. Merkel; C. Mesropian; A. Meyer; T. Miao; J. S. Miller; R. Miller; S. Miscetti; G. Mitselmakher; N. Moggi; R. Moore; T. Moulik; A. Mukherjee; M. Mulhearn; T. Muller; A. Munar; P. Murat; J. Nachtman; S. Nahn; I. Nakano; R. Napora; C. Nelson; T. Nelson; C. Neu; M. S. Neubauer; C. Newman-Holmes; F. Niell; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; T. Ohsugi; T. Okusawa; W. Orejudos; C. Pagliarone; F. Palmonari; R. Paoletti; V. Papadimitriou; J. Patrick; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; T. Pauly; C. Paus; D. Pellett; A. Penzo; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; J. Piedra; K. T. Pitts; A. Pompos; L. Pondrom; G. Pope; O. Poukov; T. Pratt; F. Prokoshin; J. Proudfoot; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; J. Rademacker; A. Rakitine; F. Ratnikov; H. Ray; A. Reichold; P. Renton; M. Rescigno; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; W. J. Robertson; T. Rodrigo; S. Rolli; L. Rosenson; R. Roser; R. Rossin; C. Rott; A. Roy; A. Ruiz; D. Ryan; A. Safonov; R. St. Denis; W. K. Sakumoto; D. Saltzberg; C. Sanchez; A. Sansoni; L. Santi; S. Sarkar; P. Savard; A. Savoy-Navarro; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; M. P. Schmidt; M. Schmitt; L. Scodellaro; A. Scribano; A. Sedov; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; A. Semenov; F. Semeria; M. D. Shapiro; P. F. Shepard; T. Shibayama; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; A. Sidoti; A. Sill; P. Sinervo; A. J. Slaughter; K. Sliwa; F. D. Snider; R. Snihur; M. Spezziga; L. Spiegel; F. Spinella; M. Spiropulu; A. Stefanini; J. Strologas; D. Stuart; A. Sukhanov; K. Sumorok; T. Suzuki; R. Takashima; K. Takikawa; M. Tanaka; M. Tecchio; P. K. Teng; K. Terashi; R. J. Tesarek; S. Tether; J. Thom; A. S. Thompson; E. Thomson; P. Tipton; S. Tkaczyk; D. Toback; K. Tollefson; D. Tonelli; M. Tönnesmann; H. Toyoda; W. Trischuk; J. Tseng; D. Tsybychev; N. Turini; F. Ukegawa; T. Unverhau; T. Vaiciulis; A. Varganov; E. Vataga; S. Vejcik III; G. Velev; G. Veramendi; R. Vidal; I. Vila; R. Vilar; I. Volobouev

2005-01-01

117

Search for Charged Higgs Boson Decays of the Top Quark using Hadronic Decays of the Tau Lepton  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Letter describes a direct search for charged Higgs boson production in pp¯ collisions at s = 1.8 TeV recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Two-Higgs-double extensions to the standard model predict the existence of charged Higgs bosons \\\\(H+\\/-\\\\). In such models, the branching fraction for top quarks B\\\\(t-->H+b-->tau+nub\\\\) can be large. This search uses the hadronic decays of

F. Abe; H. Akimoto; A. Akopian; M. G. Albrow; S. R. Amendolia; D. Amidei; J. Antos; S. Aota; G. Apollinari; T. Asakawa; W. Ashmanskas; M. Atac; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; N. Bacchetta; W. Badgett; S. Bagdasarov; M. W. Bailey; J. Berryhill; P. de Barbaro; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; M. Barone; E. Barzi; G. Bauer; T. Baumann; F. Bedeschi; S. Behrends; S. Belforte; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; J. Benlloch; J. Bensinger; D. Benton; A. Beretvas; J. P. Berge; S. Bertolucci; B. Bevensee; A. Bhatti; K. Biery; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; A. Bodek; W. Bokhari; V. Bolognesi; G. Bolla; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; L. Breccia; C. Bromberg; N. Bruner; E. Buckley-Geer; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; A. Byon-Wagner; K. L. Byrum; J. Cammerata; C. Campagnari; M. Campbell; A. Caner; W. Carithers; D. Carlsmith; A. Castro; D. Cauz; Y. Cen; F. Cervelli; P. S. Chang; H. Y. Chao; J. Chapman; M.-T. Cheng; G. Chiarelli; T. Chikamatsu; C. N. Chiou; L. Christofek; S. Cihangir; A. G. Clark; M. Cobal; E. Cocca; M. Contreras; J. Conway; J. Cooper; M. Cordelli; C. Couyoumtzelis; D. Cronin-Hennessy; R. Culbertson; T. Daniels; F. Dejongh; S. Delchamps; S. dell'Agnello; M. dell'Orso; R. Demina; L. Demortier; M. Deninno; P. F. Derwent; T. Devlin; J. R. Dittmann; S. Donati; J. Done; T. Dorigo; A. Dunn; N. Eddy; K. Einsweiler; J. E. Elias; R. Ely; E. Engels Jr.; D. Errede; S. Errede; Q. Fan; G. Feild; C. Ferretti; I. Fiori; B. Flaugher; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; M. Frautschi; J. Freeman; J. Friedman; H. Frisch; Y. Fukui; S. Funaki; S. Galeotti; M. Gallinaro; O. Ganel; M. Garcia-Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; C. Gay; S. Geer; D. W. Gerdes; P. Giannetti; N. Giokaris; P. Giromini; G. Giusti; L. Gladney; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; J. Gonzalez; A. Gordon; A. T. Goshaw; Y. Gotra; K. Goulianos; H. Grassmann; L. Groer; C. Grosso-Pilcher; G. Guillian; R. S. Guo; C. Haber; E. Hafen; S. R. Hahn; R. Handler; R. M. Hans; F. Happacher; K. Hara; A. D. Hardman; B. Harral; R. M. Harris; S. A. Hauger; J. Hauser; C. Hawk; E. Hayashi; J. Heinrich; B. Hinrichsen; K. D. Hoffman; M. Hohlmann; C. Holck; R. Hollebeek; L. Holloway; S. Hong; G. Houk; P. Hu; B. T. Huffman; R. Hughes; J. Huston; J. Huth; J. Hylen; H. Ikeda; M. Incagli; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; J. Iwai; Y. Iwata; H. Jensen; U. Joshi; R. W. Kadel; E. Kajfasz; H. Kambara; T. A. Keaffaber; T. Kaneko; K. Karr; H. Kasha; Y. Kato; K. Kelley; R. D. Kennedy; R. Kephart; P. Kesten; D. Kestenbaum; H. Keutelian; F. Keyvan; B. Kharadia; B. J. Kim; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; L. Kirsch; P. Koehn; K. Kondo; J. Konigsberg; S. Kopp; K. Kordas; A. Korytov; W. Koska; E. Kovacs; W. Kowald; M. Krasberg; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; T. Kuwabara; S. E. Kuhlmann; E. Kuns; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lami; S. Lammel; J. I. Lamoureux; M. Lancaster; T. Lecompte; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; P. Limon; M. Lindgren; T. M. Liss; J. B. Liu; Y. C. Liu; N. Lockyer; O. Long; C. Loomis; M. Loreti; J. Lu; D. Lucchesi; P. Lukens; S. Lusin; J. Lys; K. Maeshima; A. Maghakian; P. Maksimovic; M. Mangano; J. Mansour; M. Mariotti; J. P. Marriner; A. Martin; J. A. Matthews; R. Mattingly; P. McIntyre; P. Melese; A. Menzione; E. Meschi; S. Metzler; C. Miao; T. Miao; G. Michail; R. Miller; H. Minato; S. Miscetti; M. Mishina; H. Mitsushio; T. Miyamoto; S. Miyashita; N. Moggi; Y. Morita; A. Mukherjee; T. Muller; P. Murat; H. Nakada; I. Nakano; C. Nelson; D. Neuberger; C. Newman-Holmes; C.-Y. P. Ngan; M. Ninomiya; L. Nodulman; S. H. Oh; K. E. Ohl; T. Ohmoto; T. Ohsugi; R. Oishi; M. Okabe; T. Okusawa; R. Oliveira; J. Olsen; C. Pagliarone; R. Paoletti; V. Papadimitriou; S. P. Pappas; N. Parashar; A. Parri; J. Patrick; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; A. Perazzo; L. Pescara; M. D. Peters; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; M. Pillai; K. T. Pitts; R. Plunkett; L. Pondrom; J. Proudfoot; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; K. Ragan; D. Reher; A. Ribon; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; W. J. Robertson; T. Rodrigo; S. Rolli; J. Romano; L. Rosenson; R. Roser; T. Saab; W. K. Sakumoto; D. Saltzberg; A. Sansoni; L. Santi; H. Sato; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; M. P. Schmidt; A. Scribano; S. Segler; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; G. Sganos; M. D. Shapiro; N. M. Shaw; Q. Shen; P. F. Shepard; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; J. Siegrist; A. Sill; P. Sinervo; P. Singh; J. Skarha; K. Sliwa; F. D. Snider; T. Song; J. Spalding; T. Speer; P. Sphicas; F. Spinella; M. Spiropulu; L. Spiegel; L. Stanco; J. Steele; A. Stefanini; K. Strahl; J. Strait; R. Ströhmer; D. Stuart; G. Sullivan; K. Sumorok; J. Suzuki; T. Takada; T. Takahashi; T. Takano; K. Takikawa; N. Tamura; B. Tannenbaum; F. Tartarelli; W. Taylor; P. K. Teng; Y. Teramoto; S. Tether; D. Theriot; T. L. Thomas; R. Thun; R. Thurman-Keup; M. Timko; P. Tipton; A. Titov; S. Tkaczyk; D. Toback; K. Tollefson; A. Tollestrup; H. Toyoda; W. Trischuk; J. F. de Troconiz; S. Truitt; J. Tseng; N. Turini; T. Uchida

1997-01-01

118

Chiral sum rules and vacuum condensates from tau-lepton decay data  

E-print Network

QCD finite energy sum rules, together with the latest updated ALEPH data on hadronic decays of the tau-lepton are used in order to determine the vacuum condensates of dimension $d=2$ and $d=4$. These data are also used to check the validity of the Weinberg sum rules, and to determine the chiral condensates of dimension $d=6$ and $d=8$, as well as the chiral correlator at zero momentum, proportional to the counter term of the ${\\cal{O}}(p^4)$ Lagrangian of chiral perturbation theory, $\\bar{L}_{10}$. Suitable integration kernels are introduced in the sum rules in order to suppress potential quark-hadron duality violations.

C. A. Dominguez; L. A. Hernandez; K. Schilcher; H. Spiesberger

2014-10-14

119

Search for Neutrinoless {tau} Decays Involving {pi}{sup 0} or {eta} Mesons  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for lepton flavor violating decays of the {tau} lepton using final states with an electron or a muon and one or two {pi}{sup 0} or {eta} mesons but no neutrinos. The data used in the search were collected with the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR) and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.68 fb{sup {minus}1} . No evidence for signals was found, resulting in much improved limits on the branching fractions for the one-meson modes and the first upper limits for the two-meson modes. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Bonvicini, G.; Cinabro, D.; Greene, R.; Perera, L.P.; Zhou, G.J. [Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202 (United States)] [Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202 (United States); Barish, B.; Chadha, M.; Chan, S.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J.S.; OGrady, C.; Schmidtler, M.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A.J.; Wuerthwein, F. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Asner, D.M.; Bliss, D.W.; Brower, W.S.; Masek, G.; Paar, H.P.; Prell, S.; Sharma, V. [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)] [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Gronberg, J.; Hill, T.S.; Kutschke, R.; Lange, D.J.; Menary, S.; Morrison, R.J.; Nelson, H.N.; Nelson, T.K.; Qiao, C.; Richman, J.D.; Roberts, D.; Ryd, A.; Witherell, M.S. [University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Balest, R.; Behrens, B.H.; Cho, K.; Ford, W.T.; Park, H.; Rankin, P.; Roy, J.; Smith, J.G. [University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0390 (United States)] [University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0390 (United States); Alexander, J.P.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B.E.; Berkelman, K.; Bloom, K.; Cassel, D.G.; Cho, H.A.; Coffman, D.M.; Crowcroft, D.S.; Dickson, M.; Drell, P.S.; Ecklund, K.M.; Ehrlich, R.; Elia, R.; Foland, A.D.; Gaidarev, P.; Galik, R.S.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S.W.; Hartill, D.L.; Heltsley, B.K.; Hopman, P.I.; Kandaswamy, J.; Kim, P.C.; Kreinick, D.L.; Lee, T.; Liu, Y.; Ludwig, G.S.; Masui, J.; Mevissen, J.; Mistry, N.B.; Ng, C.R.; Nordberg, E.; Ogg, M.; Patterson, J.R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Soffer, A.; Valant-Spaight, B.; Ward, C. [Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)] [Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Athanas, M.; Avery, P.; Jones, C.D.; Lohner, M.; Prescott, C.; Yelton, J.; Zheng, J. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Brandenburg, G.; Briere, R.A.; Gao, Y.S.; Kim, D.Y.; Wilson, R.; Yamamoto, H. [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)] [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Browder, T.E.; Li, F.; Li, Y.; Rodriguez, J.L. [University at Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States)] [University at Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Bergfeld, T.; Eisenstein, B.I.; Ernst, J.; and others

1997-08-01

120

Search for the Baryon and Lepton Number Violating Decays tau to Lambda h  

SciTech Connect

The authors have searched for the violation of baryon number B and lepton number L in the (B-L)-conserving modes {tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar {Lambda}}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar {Lambda}}{sup 0}K{sup -} as well as the (B-L)-violating modes {tau}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sup 0}K{sup -} using 237 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring. They do not observe any signal and determine preliminary upper limits on the branching fractions {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar {Lambda}}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}) < 5.9 x 10{sup -8}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}) < 5.8 x 10{sup -8}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar {Lambda}}{sup 0}K{sup -}) < 7.2 x 10{sup -8}, and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sup 0}K{sup -}) < 15 x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.

2006-11-28

121

Tau-tubulin kinase  

PubMed Central

Tau-tubulin kinase (TTBK) belongs to casein kinase superfamily and phosphorylates microtubule-associated protein tau and tubulin. TTBK has two isoforms, TTBK1 and TTBK2, which contain highly homologous catalytic domains but their non-catalytic domains are distinctly different. TTBK1 is expressed specifically in the central nervous system and is involved in phosphorylation and aggregation of tau. TTBK2 is ubiquitously expressed in multiple tissues and genetically linked to spinocerebellar ataxia type 11. TTBK1 directly phosphorylates tau protein, especially at Ser422, and also activates cycline-dependent kinase 5 in a unique mechanism. TTBK1 protein expression is significantly elevated in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) brains, and genetic variations of the TTBK1 gene are associated with late-onset Alzheimer’s disease in two cohorts of Chinese and Spanish populations. TTBK1 transgenic mice harboring the entire 55-kilobase genomic sequence of human TTBK1 show progression of tau accumulation, neuroinflammation, and neurodegeneration when crossed with tau mutant mice. Our recent study shows that there is a striking switch in mononuclear phagocyte and activation phenotypes in the anterior horn of the spinal cord from alternatively activated (M2-skewed) microglia in P301L tau mutant mice to pro-inflammatory (M1-skewed) infiltrating peripheral monocytes by crossing the tau mice with TTBK1 transgenic mice. TTBK1 is responsible for mediating M1-activated microglia-induced neurotoxicity, and its overexpression induces axonal degeneration in vitro. These studies suggest that TTBK1 is an important molecule for the inflammatory axonal degeneration, which may be relevant to the pathobiology of tauopathy including AD. PMID:24808823

Ikezu, Seiko; Ikezu, Tsuneya

2014-01-01

122

Measurement of the tau Lepton Mass and an Upper Limit on the Mass Difference between tau+ and tau-  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mass of the tau lepton has been measured in the decay mode tau-->3pinutau using a pseudomass technique. The result obtained from 414fb-1 of data collected with the Belle detector is Mtau=[1776.61±0.13(stat)±0.35(sys)]MeV\\/c2. The upper limit on the relative mass difference between positive and negative tau leptons is |Mtau+-Mtau-|\\/Mtau<2.8×10-4 at 90% confidence level.

K. Belous; M. Shapkin; A. Sokolov; K. Abe; I. Adachi; H. Aihara; D. Anipko; K. Arinstein; V. Aulchenko; T. Aushev; A. M. Bakich; E. Barberio; A. Bay; I. Bedny; U. Bitenc; I. Bizjak; S. Blyth; A. Bondar; A. Bozek; M. Bracko; T. E. Browder; M.-C. Chang; A. Chen; K.-F. Chen; W. T. Chen; B. G. Cheon; R. Chistov; Y. Choi; S. Cole; J. Dalseno; A. Drutskoy; S. Eidelman; D. Epifanov; S. Fratina; M. Fujikawa; N. Gabyshev; T. Gershon; G. Gokhroo; B. Golob; H. Ha; J. Haba; Y. Hasegawa; K. Hayasaka; H. Hayashii; M. Hazumi; D. Heffernan; T. Hokuue; Y. Hoshi; S. Hou; W.-S. Hou; T. Iijima; K. Ikado; A. Imoto; K. Inami; A. Ishikawa; R. Itoh; M. Iwasaki; Y. Iwasaki; H. Kaji; J. H. Kang; P. Kapusta; N. Katayama; T. Kawasaki; H. R. Khan; H. Kichimi; Y. J. Kim; P. Krizan; P. Krokovny; R. Kulasiri; R. Kumar; C. C. Kuo; A. Kuzmin; Y.-J. Kwon; J. Lee; M. J. Lee; S. E. Lee; T. Lesiak; S.-W. Lin; D. Liventsev; G. Majumder; F. Mandl; T. Matsumoto; A. Matyja; S. McOnie; H. Miyake; H. Miyata; Y. Miyazaki; R. Mizuk; E. Nakano; M. Nakao; H. Nakazawa; Z. Natkaniec; S. Nishida; O. Nitoh; S. Ogawa; T. Ohshima; S. Okuno; S. L. Olsen; Y. Onuki; H. Ozaki; P. Pakhlov; G. Pakhlova; K. S. Park; R. Pestotnik; L. E. Piilonen; A. Poluektov; Y. Sakai; N. Satoyama; O. Schneider; J. Schümann; R. Seidl; K. Senyo; M. E. Sevior; H. Shibuya; B. Shwartz; J. B. Singh; A. Somov; N. Soni; S. Stanic; M. Staric; H. Stoeck; S. Y. Suzuki; F. Takasaki; K. Tamai; M. Tanaka; G. N. Taylor; Y. Teramoto; X. C. Tian; I. Tikhomirov; K. Trabelsi; T. Tsuboyama; T. Tsukamoto; S. Uehara; T. Uglov; K. Ueno; S. Uno; P. Urquijo; Y. Usov; G. Varner; S. Villa; A. Vinokurova; C. H. Wang; Y. Watanabe; E. Won; Q. L. Xie; B. D. Yabsley; A. Yamaguchi; Y. Yamashita; M. Yamauchi; Z. P. Zhang; V. Zhilich; V. Zhulanov; A. Zupanc

2007-01-01

123

Measurements of the tau Mass and Mass Difference of the tau^+ and tau^- at BABAR  

SciTech Connect

The authors present the result of a precision measurement of the mass of the {tau} lepton, M{sub {tau}}, based on 423 fb{sup -1} of data recorded at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector. Using a pseudomass endpoint method, they determine the mass to be 1776.68 {+-} 0.12(stat) {+-} 0.41(syst) MeV. They also measure the mass difference between the {tau}{sup +} and {tau}{sup -}, and obtain (M{sub {tau}{sup +}} - M{sub {tau}{sup -}})/M{sub AVG}{sup {tau}} = (-3.4 {+-} 1.3(stat) {+-} 0.3(syst)) x 10{sup -4}, where M{sub AVG}{sup {tau}} is the average value of M{sub {tau}{sup +}} and M{sub {tau}{sup -}}.

Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2009-10-30

124

Determining the CP Parity of Higgs Bosons via Their {tau} Decay Channels at the Large Hadron Collider  

SciTech Connect

If neutral Higgs bosons are discovered at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), then an important subsequent issue will be the investigation of their CP nature. Higgs boson decays into {tau} lepton pairs are particularly suited in this respect. By analyzing the three charged pion decay modes of the {tau} leptons and taking expected measurement uncertainties at the LHC into account, we show that the CP properties of a Higgs boson can be pinned down with appropriately chosen observables, provided that sufficiently large event numbers will eventually be available.

Berge, Stefan; Bernreuther, Werner; Ziethe, Joerg [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen (Germany)

2008-05-02

125

Tau physics 1994: A theoretical perspective  

SciTech Connect

In this paper I describe some recent advances in tau physics and discuss their implications from a theoretical perspective. The examples I have chosen include e-{mu}-{tau} universality, QCD studies, anomalous electroweak dipole moments, and forbidden decays. That list is by no means exhaustive. It should, however, demonstrate the breath of tau physics, describe some interesting new results, and point out the potential for future advances.

Marciano, W.J.

1994-11-01

126

The ATLAS Hadronic Tau Trigger  

E-print Network

As proton-proton collisions at the LHC reach luminosities close to 10$^{\\mathrm{34}}$ cm$^{\\mathrm{-2}}$ s $^{\\mathrm{-1}}$, the strategies for triggering have become more important than ever for physics analyses. Simplistic single tau lepton triggers suffer from severe rate limitation, despite the sophisticated algorithms used in the tau identification. The development of further fast algorithms and the design of topological selections are the main challenges to allow a large program of physics analysis. The tau triggers provide many opportunities to study new physics beyond the Standard Model, and to get precise measurements of the properties of the Higgs boson decaying to tau-leptons. We present the performance of the hadronic tau trigger taken in Run 1 data with the ATLAS detector at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV pp collision. One of the major challenges is to sustain high efficiencies in events with multiple interactions. To do this we introduced faster tracking methods, multivariate selection techniques, and new t...

Brost, E; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01

127

Search for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a pair of tau leptons in pp collisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for neutral Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) decaying to tau-lepton pairs in pp collisions is performed, using events recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 24.6 fb-1, with 4.9 fb-1 at 7 TeV and 19.7 fb-1 at 8 TeV. To enhance the sensitivity to neutral MSSM Higgs bosons, the search includes the case where the Higgs boson is produced in association with a b-quark jet. No excess is observed in the tau-lepton-pair invariant mass spectrum. Exclusion limits are presented in the MSSM parameter space for different benchmark scenarios, m {h/max}, m {h/mod +}, m {h/mod -}, light-stop, light-stau, ?-phobic, and low- m H. Upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction for gluon fusion and b-quark associated Higgs boson production are also given. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Fabjan, C.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hartl, C.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Krätschmer, I.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Rabady, D.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Taurok, A.; Treberer-Treberspurg, W.; Waltenberger, W.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Suarez Gonzalez, J.; Alderweireldt, S.; Bansal, M.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Knutsson, A.; Luyckx, S.; Ochesanu, S.; Rougny, R.; Van De Klundert, M.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Daci, N.; Heracleous, N.; Keaveney, J.; Lowette, S.; Maes, M.; Olbrechts, A.; Python, Q.; Strom, D.; Tavernier, S.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Villella, I.; Caillol, C.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Dobur, D.; Favart, L.; Gay, A. P. R.; Grebenyuk, A.; Léonard, A.; Mohammadi, A.; Perniè, L.; Reis, T.; Seva, T.; Thomas, L.; Vander Velde, C.; Vanlaer, P.; Wang, J.; Zenoni, F.; Adler, V.; Beernaert, K.; Benucci, L.; Cimmino, A.; Costantini, S.; Crucy, S.; Dildick, S.; Fagot, A.; Garcia, G.; Mccartin, J.; Ocampo Rios, A. A.; Ryckbosch, D.; Salva Diblen, S.; Sigamani, M.; Strobbe, N.; Thyssen, F.; Tytgat, M.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Beluffi, C.; Bruno, G.; Castello, R.; Caudron, A.; Ceard, L.; Da Silveira, G. G.; Delaere, C.; du Pree, T.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Jafari, A.; Jez, P.; Komm, M.; Lemaitre, V.; Nuttens, C.; Pagano, D.; Perrini, L.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Popov, A.; Quertenmont, L.; Selvaggi, M.; Vidal Marono, M.; Vizan Garcia, J. M.; Beliy, N.; Caebergs, T.; Daubie, E.; Hammad, G. H.; Aldá, W. L.; Alves, G. A.; Brito, L.; Correa Martins, M.; Dos Reis Martins, T.; Mora Herrera, C.; Pol, M. E.; Carvalho, W.; Chinellato, J.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; Fonseca De Souza, S.; Malbouisson, H.; Matos Figueiredo, D.; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Prado Da Silva, W. L.; Santaolalla, J.; Santoro, A.; Sznajder, A.; Tonelli Manganote, E. J.; Vilela Pereira, A.; Bernardes, C. A.; Dogra, S.; Fernandez Perez Tomei, T. R.; Gregores, E. M.; Mercadante, P. G.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Aleksandrov, A.; Genchev, V.; Iaydjiev, P.; Marinov, A.; Piperov, S.; Rodozov, M.; Stoykova, S.; Sultanov, G.; Tcholakov, V.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Glushkov, I.; Hadjiiska, R.; Kozhuharov, V.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, M.; Du, R.; Jiang, C. H.; Plestina, R.; Tao, J.; Wang, Z.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Li, Q.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Wang, D.; Zou, W.; Avila, C.; Chaparro Sierra, L. F.; Florez, C.; Gomez, J. P.; Gomez Moreno, B.; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Polic, D.; Puljak, I.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Mekterovic, D.; Sudic, L.; Attikis, A.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Bodlak, M.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; Assran, Y.; Ellithi Kamel, A.; Mahmoud, M. A.; Radi, A.; Kadastik, M.; Murumaa, M.; Raidal, M.; Tiko, A.; Eerola, P.; Fedi, G.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Kortelainen, M. J.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Wendland, L.; Talvitie, J.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Couderc, F.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Favaro, C.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Malcles, J.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Titov, M.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Busson, P.; Charlot, C.; Dahms, T.; Dalchenko, M.; Dobrzynski, L.; Filipovic, N.; Florent, A.; Granier de Cassagnac, R.; Mastrolorenzo, L.; Miné, P.; Mironov, C.; Naranjo, I. N.; Nguyen, M.; Ochando, C.; Paganini, P.; Regnard, S.; Salerno, R.; Sauvan, J. B.; Sirois, Y.; Veelken, C.; Yilmaz, Y.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Aubin, A.; Bloch, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Chabert, E. C.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Goetzmann, C.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Van Hove, P.; Gadrat, S.; Beauceron, S.; Beaupere, N.; Boudoul, G.; Bouvier, E.; Brochet, S.; Carrillo Montoya, C. A.; Chasserat, J.; Chierici, R.; Contardo, D.; Depasse, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Fan, J.; Fay, J.; Gascon, S.; Gouzevitch, M.; Ille, B.; Kurca, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Mirabito, L.; Perries, S.; Ruiz Alvarez, J. D.; Sabes, D.; Sgandurra, L.; Sordini, V.; Vander Donckt, M.; Verdier, P.; Viret, S.; Xiao, H.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Autermann, C.; Beranek, S.

2014-10-01

128

Measurement of the tau lepton polarization and its forward-backward asymmetry from Z 0 decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a measurement of the tau lepton polarization and its forward-backward asymmetry at the Z0 resonance using the OPAL detector. This measurement is based on analyses of the\\u000a

R. Akers; G. Alexander; J. Allison; K. J. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; A. Astbury; D. Axen; G. Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J. R. Batley; G. Beaudoin; A. Beck; G. A. Beck; J. Becker; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; P. Bentkowski; S. Bentvelsen; P. Bright-Thomas; S. Bethke; O. Biebel; I. J. Bloodworth; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; S. Braibant; R. M. Brown; A. Buijs; H. J. Burckhart; C. Burgard; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; J. C. Clayton; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; M. Coupland; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C. Darling; S. De Jong; H. Deng; M. Dittmar; M. S. Dixit; E. do Couto e Silva; J. E. Duboscq; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; U. C. Dunwoody; P. A. Elcombe; P. G. Estabrooks; E. Etzion; H. G. Evans; F. Fabbri; B. Fabbro; M. Fanti; M. Fierro; M. Fincke-Keeler; M. H. Fischer; P. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; J. D. Gillies; J. Goldberg; D. M. Gingrich; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; P. Grannis; E. Gross; J. Hagemann; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; C. K. Hargrove; J. Hart; P. A. Hart; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; E. Heflin; R. J. Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; D. A. Hinshaw; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; A. Höcker; R. J. Homer; A. K. Honma; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; R. Humbert; P. Igo-Kemenes; H. Ihssen; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; P. Jovanovic; C. Jui; D. Karlen; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; R. K. Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; B. King; J. King; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R. Kowalewski; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; P. Leblanc; P. Le Du; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; M. H. Lehto; D. Lellouch; C. Leroy; J. Letts; L. Levinson; Z. Li; F. Liu; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; M. J. Losty; X. C. Lou; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; T. Mashimo; P. Mättig; U. Maur; J. McKenna; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; J. R. McNutt; F. Meijers; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; A. Michelini; R. P. Middleton; G. Mikenberg; J. Mildenberger; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; C. Moisan; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; J. P. Pansart; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. Pfister; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J. Pinfold; D. Pitman; D. E. Plane; P. Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; M. W. Redmond; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. Rison; S. A. Robins; D. Robinson; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; S. Rossberg; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; H. von der Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; P. Schütz; M. Schulz; C. Schwick; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; M. Settles; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; R. Sobie; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; R. Ströhmer; D. Strom; P. Szymanski; H. Takeda; T. Takeshita; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; P. Teixeira-Dias; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; S. Towers; T. Tsukamoto; M. F. Turner-Watson; D. Van den plas; R. Van Kooten; G. Vasseur; M. Vincter; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; V. H. Winterer; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S. Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; A. Yeaman; G. Yekutieli; M. Yurko; W. Zeuner; G. T. Zorn

1995-01-01

129

Search for second-class currents in tau;{-} --> omegapi;{-}nu_{tau}.  

PubMed

We report an analysis of tau;{-} decaying into omegapi;{-}nu_{tau} with omega --> pi;{+}pi;{-}pi;{0} using a data sample containing nearly 320 x 10;{6}tau pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-Factory. We find no evidence for second-class currents, and we set an upper limit of 0.69% at 90% confidence level for the fraction of second-class currents in this decay mode. PMID:19659341

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Tico, J Garra; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Zhang, L; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; da Costa, J Firmino; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Pegna, D Lopes; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Sevilla, M Franco; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L

2009-07-24

130

TAU - The longest voyage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

TAU, a concept for a voyage stretching a thousand astronomical units calls for an ion propulsion engine and two telescopes, one for communication and the other for astrometric measurements. After ten years of steady acceleration to 100 km/s, the scientific payload will continue the rest of its 50 years as a free-flying craft. TAU's main objective is to obtain direct measurements of distances, both stellar and galactic; it will offer a baseline that is 500 times longer than that of Hipparcos.

Spangenburg, R.; Moser, D.

1986-09-01

131

Confronting QCD with the experimental hadronic spectral functions from tau decay  

SciTech Connect

The (nonstrange) vector and axial-vector spectral functions extracted from {tau} decay by the ALEPH Collaboration are confronted with QCD in the framework of a finite energy sum rule involving a polynomial kernel tuned to suppress the region beyond the kinematical end point where there is no longer data. This effectively allows for a QCD finite energy sum rule analysis to be performed beyond the region of the existing data. Results show excellent agreement between data and perturbative QCD in the remarkably wide energy range s=3-10 GeV{sup 2}, leaving room for a dimension d=4 vacuum condensate consistent with values in the literature. A hypothetical dimension d=2 term in the operator product expansion is found to be extremely small, consistent with zero. Fixed order and contour improved perturbation theory are used, with both leading to similar results within errors. Full consistency is found between vector and axial-vector channel results.

Dominguez, C. A. [Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Department of Physics, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600 (South Africa); Nasrallah, N. F. [Faculty of Science, Lebanese University, Tripoli (Lebanon); Schilcher, K. [Institut fuer Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Staudingerweg 7, D-55099 Mainz (Germany)

2009-09-01

132

Study of the five-charged-pion decay of the tau lepton  

Microsoft Academic Search

The branching fractions for the five-charged-particle decays of the tau lepton have been measured in e+e- annihilations using the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. Assuming all charged particles to be pions, the results are B(3pi-2pi+>=0 neutrals nutau)=(0.097+\\/-0.005+\\/-0.011)%, B(3pi-2pi+nutau)=(0.077+\\/-0.005 +\\/-0.009)%, B(3pi-2pi+pi0nutau)=(0.019+\\/-0.004+\\/-0.004)%, and B(3pi-2pi+2pi0nutau)<0.011% at the 90% C.L. B(3pi-2pi-pi0nutau) is measured for the first time by exclusive pi0

D. Gibaut; K. Kinoshita; B. Barish; M. Chadha; S. Chan; D. F. Cowen; G. Eigen; J. S. Miller; C. O'grady; J. Urheim; A. J. Weinstein; D. Acosta; M. Athanas; G. Masek; H. P. Paar; J. Gronberg; R. Kutschke; S. Menary; R. J. Morrison; S. Nakanishi; H. N. Nelson; T. K. Nelson; C. Qiao; J. D. Richman; A. Ryd; H. Tajima; D. Sperka; M. S. Witherell; M. Procario; R. Balest; K. Cho; M. Daoudi; W. T. Ford; D. R. Johnson; K. Lingel; M. Lohner; P. Rankin; J. G. Smith; J. P. Alexander; C. Bebek; K. Berkelman; K. Bloom; T. E. Browder; D. G. Cassel; H. A. Cho; D. M. Coffman; D. S. Crowcroft; P. S. Drell; R. Ehrlich; P. Gaidarev; R. S. Galik; M. Garcia-Sciveres; B. Geiser; B. Gittelman; S. W. Gray; D. L. Hartill; B. K. Heltsley; C. D. Jones; S. L. Jones; J. Kandaswamy; N. Katayama; P. C. Kim; D. L. Kreinick; G. S. Ludwig; J. Masui; J. Mevissen; N. B. Mistry; C. R. Ng; E. Nordberg; J. R. Patterson; D. Peterson; D. Riley; S. Salman; M. Sapper; F. Wuerthwein; P. Avery; A. Freyberger; J. Rodriguez; R. Stephens; S. Yang; J. Yelton; D. Cinabro; S. Henderson; T. Liu; M. Saulnier; R. Wilson; H. Yamamoto; T. Bergfeld; B. I. Eisenstein; G. Gollin; B. Ong; M. Palmer; M. Selen; J. J. Thaler; K. W. Edwards; M. Ogg; A. Bellerive; D. I. Britton; E. R. Hyatt; D. B. Macfarlane; P. M. Patel; B. Spaan; A. J. Sadoff; R. Ammar; S. Ball; P. Baringer; A. Bean; D. Besson; D. Coppage; N. Copty; R. Davis; N. Hancock; M. Kelly; S. Kotov; I. Kravchenko; N. Kwak; H. Lam; Y. Kubota; M. Lattery; M. Momayezi; J. K. Nelson; S. Patton; D. Perticone; R. Poling; V. Savinov; S. Schrenk; R. Wang; M. S. Alam; I. J. Kim; B. Nemati; J. J. O'neill; H. Severini; C. R. Sun; M. M. Zoeller; G. Crawford; C. M. Daubenmier; R. Fulton; D. Fujino; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. Lee; R. Malchow; Y. Skovpen; M. Sung; C. White; F. Butler; X. Fu; G. Kalbfleisch; W. R. Ross; P. Skubic; M. Wood; J. Fast; R. L. McIlwain; T. Miao; D. H. Miller; M. Modesitt; D. Payne; E. I. Shibata; I. P. Shipsey; P. N. Wang; M. Battle; J. Ernst; L. Gibbons; Y. Kwon; S. Roberts; E. H. Thorndike; C. H. Wang; J. Dominick; M. Lambrecht; S. Sanghera; V. Shelkov; T. Skwarnicki; R. Stroynowski; I. Volobouev; G. Wei; P. Zadorozhny; M. Artuso; M. Goldberg; D. He; N. Horwitz; R. Kennett; G. C. Moneti; F. Muheim; Y. Mukhin; S. Playfer; Y. Rozen; S. Stone; M. Thulasidas; G. Vasseur; X. Xing; G. Zhu; J. Bartelt; S. E. Csorna; Z. Egyed; V. Jain

1994-01-01

133

Tau physics with polarized beams  

SciTech Connect

We present the first results on tau physics using polarized beams. These include measurements of the {tau} Michel parameters {xi} and {xi}{delta} and the {tau} neutrino helicity h{sub {nu}}. The measurements were performed using the SLD detector at the Stanford Linear Collider (SLC).

Daoudi, M.

1995-11-01

134

{mu}{yields}e{gamma} and {tau}{yields}l{gamma} decays in the fermion triplet seesaw model  

SciTech Connect

In the framework of the seesaw models with triplets of fermions, we evaluate the decay rates of {mu}{yields}e{gamma} and {tau}{yields}l{gamma} transitions. We show that although, due to neutrino mass constraints, those rates are in general expected to be well under the present experimental limits, this is not necessarily always the case. Interestingly enough, the observation of one of those decays in planned experiments would nevertheless contradict bounds stemming from present experimental limits on the {mu}{yields}eee and {tau}{yields}3l decay rates, as well as from {mu} to e conversion in atomic nuclei. Such detection of radiative decays would therefore imply that there exist sources of lepton flavor violation not associated to triplet fermions.

Abada, A.; Bonnet, F. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique UMR 8627, Universite de Paris-Sud 11, Batiment 210, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Biggio, C. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, 80805 Muenchen (Germany); Gavela, M. B. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Cantoblanco, Madrid (Spain); Hambye, T. [Service de Physique Theorique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

2008-08-01

135

Search for the Higgs Boson Decaying to Two Tau Leptons in Proton-Antiproton Collisions at a Center of Mass Energy of 1.96 TeV  

E-print Network

A search for the Higgs boson decaying to tau tau using 7.8 fb^-1 of pp collisions at 1.96 TeV collected with CDF II detector is presented. The search is sensitive to four production mechanisms of the Higgs boson: ggH, WH, ZH and VBF. Modes where one...

Elagin, Andrey

2012-02-14

136

Search for a low-mass higgs boson in Upsilon(3S)-->gammaA(0), A(0)-->tau(+)tau(-) at BABAR.  

PubMed

We search for a light Higgs boson A0 in the radiative decay Upsilon(3S)-->gammaA(0), A(0)-->tau+tau-, tau+-->e+nu(e)nu(tau), or tau+-->mu+nu(mu)nu(tau). The data sample contains 122x10(6) Upsilon(3S) events recorded with the BABAR detector. We find no evidence for a narrow structure in the studied tau+tau- invariant mass region of 4.03tau+tau-)<10.10 GeV/c2. We exclude at the 90% confidence level (C.L.) a low-mass Higgs boson decaying to tau+tau- with a product branching fraction B(Upsilon(3S)-->gammaA(0))xB(A(0)-->tau+tau-)>(1.5-16)x10(-5) across the m(tau+tau-) range. We also set a 90% C.L. upper limit on the tau+tau- decay of the eta(b) at B(eta(b)-->tau+tau-)<8%. PMID:19905799

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Tico, J Garra; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Ongmongkolkul, P; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Volk, A; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; da Costa, J Firmino; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Biassoni, P; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Sevilla, M Franco; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S

2009-10-30

137

Limit on the tau neutrino mass from {tau}{sup -}{yields}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}  

SciTech Connect

From a data sample of 29058 {tau}{sup {+-}}{yields}{pi}{sup {+-}}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays observed in the CLEO detector we derive a 95% confidence upper limit on the tau neutrino mass of 28 MeV. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

Athanas, M. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Avery, P. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Jones, C. D. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Lohner, M. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Prescott, C. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Rubiera, A. I. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Yelton, J. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Zheng, J. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Brandenburg, G. [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)] [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Briere, R. A. [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)] (and others) [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2000-03-01

138

Measurement of the tau--->etapi-pi+pi-nutau branching fraction and a search for a second-class current in the tau--->eta'(958)pi-nutau decay  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tau--->etapi-pi+pi-nutau decay with the eta-->gammagamma mode is studied using 384fb-1 of data collected by the BABAR detector. The branching fraction is measured to be (1.60±0.05±0.11)×10-4. It is found that tau--->f1(1285)pi-nutau-->etapi-pi+pi-nutau is the dominant decay mode with a branching fraction of (1.11±0.06±0.05)×10-4. The first error on the branching fractions is statistical and the second systematic. Note that no particle identification

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; David Nathan Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; L. Wang; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; M. Sigamani; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni

2008-01-01

139

Learning from tau appearance  

E-print Network

The study of numu->nutau oscillation and the explicit observation of the nutau through the identification of the final-state tau lepton ("direct appearance search") represent the most straightforward test of the oscillation phenomenon. It is, nonetheless, the most challenging from the experimental point of view. In this paper we discuss the current empirical evidence for direct appearance of tau neutrinos at the atmospheric scale and the perspectives for the next few years, up to the completion of the CNGS physics programme. We investigate the relevance of this specific oscillation channel to gain insight into neutrino physics within the standard three-family framework. Finally, we discuss the opportunities offered by precision studies of numu->nutau transitions in the occurrence of more exotic scenarios emerging from additional sterile neutrinos or non-standard interactions.

P. Migliozzi; F. Terranova

2011-07-15

140

Lepton flavor violating decays {tau}{yields}lll and {mu}{yields}e{gamma} in the Higgs triplet model  

SciTech Connect

Singly and doubly charged Higgs bosons in the Higgs triplet model mediate the lepton flavor violating (LFV) decays {tau}{yields}lll and {mu}{yields}e{gamma}. The lepton flavor violating decay rates are proportional to products of two triplet Yukawa couplings (h{sub ij}) which can be expressed in terms of the parameters of the neutrino mass matrix and an unknown triplet vacuum expectation value. We determine the parameter space of the neutrino mass matrix in which a signal for {tau}{yields}lll and/or {mu}{yields}e{gamma} is possible at ongoing and planned experiments. The conditions for respecting the stringent upper limit for {mu}{yields}eee are studied in detail, with emphasis given to the possibility of |h{sub ee}|{approx_equal}0, which can only be realized if Majorana phases are present.

Akeroyd, A. G. [Department of Physics, National Central University, Jhongli 320, Taiwan (China); Aoki, Mayumi [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Sugiyama, Hiroaki [SISSA, via Beirut 2-4, I-34014 Trieste (Italy); Department of Physics, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577 (Japan)

2009-06-01

141

Search for MSSM Higgs decaying to tau pairs in ppbar collision at s**(1/2) = 1.96 TeV at CDF  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents the search for neutral Minimal Supersymmetric extension of Standard Model (MSSM) Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs where one of the taus decays leptonically, and the other one hadronically. CDF Run II data with L{sub int} = 310 pb{sup -1} are used. There is no evidence of MSSM Higgs existence, which results in the upper limits on {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} {phi}) x BR({phi} {yields} {tau}{tau}) in m{sub A} range between 115 and 250 GeV. These limits exclude some area in tan {beta} vs m{sub A} parameter space.

Jang, Dongwook; /Rutgers U., Piscataway

2006-05-01

142

Search for Lepton Flavor Violating Decays tau±-->l±pi0, l±eta, l±eta'  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for lepton flavor violating decays of the tau lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a pseudoscalar meson has been performed using 339fb-1 of e+e- annihilation data collected at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV by the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II storage ring. No evidence of a signal has been found, and upper limits on the

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; F. Couderc; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; E. Grauges; A. Palano; J. C. Chen; N. D. Qi; G. Rong; P. Wang; Y. S. Zhu; G. Eigen; I. Ofte; B. Stugu; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; E. Charles; M. S. Gill; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; M. Pripstein; N. A. Roe; M. T. Ronan; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; M. Barrett; K. E. Ford; T. J. Harrison; A. J. Hart; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Lewandowski; M. Pelizaeus; K. Peters; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; J. T. Boyd; J. P. Burke; W. N. Cottingham; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; N. S. Knecht; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; P. Kyberd; M. Saleem; D. J. Sherwood; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; D. S. Best; M. Bondioli; M. Bruinsma; M. Chao; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; W. Roethel; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; O. Long; B. C. Shen; K. Wang; L. Zhang; H. K. Hadavand; E. J. Hill; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; G. Nesom; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; P. Spradlin; D. C. Williams; M. G. Wilson; J. Albert; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; A. Dvoretskii; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; W. O. Ruddick; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. Chen; E. A. Eckhart; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; Q. Zeng; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; T. Brandt; V. Klose; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; G. Cibinetto; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; G. Brandenburg; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; C. L. Lee; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; W. Bhimji; D. A. Bowerman; P. D. Dauncey; U. Egede; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; M. B. Nikolich; W. Panduro Vazquez; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; N. T. Meyer; V. Ziegler; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; A. V. Gritsan; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; A. Oyanguren; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; C. A. Chavez; I. J. Forster; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; K. A. George; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; C. K. Clarke; F. Di Lodovico; W. Menges; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; P. D. Jackson; T. R. McMahon; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; M. T. Naisbit; J. C. Williams; J. I. Yi; C. Chen; W. D. Hulsbergen; A. Jawahery; C. K. Lae; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; S. Saremi; H. Staengle; R. Cowan; G. Sciolla; S. J. Sekula; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; H. Kim; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; V. Lombardo; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; N. Cavallo; G. De Nardo; F. Fabozzi; C. Gatto; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; P. Paolucci; D. Piccolo; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; D. Hufnagel; H. Kagan; R. Kass; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; R. Ter-Antonyan; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; C. T. Potter; R. Rahmat

2007-01-01

143

Search for lepton flavor violating decay $\\tau^- \\to \\ell^- \\ell^ \\ell^-$ at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

The Standard Model (SM) is one of the most tested and verified physical theories of all time, present experimental observations are consistent with SM expectations. On the other hand SM can not explain many physical observations: the cosmological observations possibly infer the presence of dark matter which is clearly beyond the SM expectations; the SM Higgs model, while explaining the generation of fermion masses, can not explain the hierarchy problem and a non natural fine tuning of SM is needed to cancel out quadratic divergences in the Higgs boson mass. New physics (NP) beyond SM should hence be investigated: rising the energy above NP processes thresholds, and detecting new particles or new effects not predicted by the standard model directly, is one of the possible approaches; another approach is to make precision measurements of well known processes or looking for rare processes which involve higher order contribution from NP processes, this approach need higher luminosities with respect to the previous approach but lower beam energies. Search for Lepton Flavor Violation (LFV) in charged lepton decays is promising: neutrino physics provides indeed a clear and unambiguous evidence of LFV in the neutral lepton sector via mixing processes, which have been observed for the first time by the Homestake collaboration. We expect LFV in the charged sector as well, both in {mu} and {tau} sector, but current experimental searches for LFV processes did not find any evidence for those processes, and more results are expected to come from new experiments in the coming years.

Cervelli, Alberto; /Pisa U.

2010-05-26

144

A Search for B+ to tau+ nu  

SciTech Connect

The authors present a search for the decay B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu} using 383 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs collected at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B-Factory. A sample of events with one reconstructed semileptonic B decay (B{sup -} {yields} D{sup 0}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}X) is selected, and in the recoil a search for B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu} is performed. The {tau} is identified in the following channels: {tau}{sup +} {yields} e{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}}, {tau}{sup +} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}}, {tau}{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +} {bar {nu}} and {tau}{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}{bar {nu}}. They measure a branching fraction of {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}) = (0.9 {+-} 0.6(stat.) {+-} 0.1(syst.)) x 10{sup -4}. In the absence of a significant signal, we calculate an upper limit at the 90% confidence level of {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}) < 1.7 x 10{sup -4}. They calculate the product of the B meson decay constant f{sub B} and |V{sub ub}| to be f{sub B} {center_dot} |V{sub ub}| = (7.2{sub -2.8}{sup +2.0}(stat.) {+-} 0.2(syst.)) x 10{sup -4} GeV.

Aubert, B.

2007-06-26

145

Studies of {tau}{sup -}{yields}{eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -}{yields}{eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} at BABAR and a search for a second-class current  

SciTech Connect

We report on analyses of tau lepton decays {tau}{sup -}{yields}{eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -}{yields}{eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}, with {eta}{yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}, using 470 fb{sup -1} of data from the BABAR experiment at PEP-II, collected at center-of-mass energies at and near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. We measure the branching fraction for the {tau}{sup -}{yields}{eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} decay mode, B({tau}{sup -}{yields}{eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})=(1.42{+-}0.11(stat){+-}0.07(syst))x10{sup -4}, and report a 95% confidence level upper limit for the second-class current process {tau}{sup -}{yields}{eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}, B({tau}{sup -}{yields}{eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})<9.9x10{sup -5}.

Amo Sanchez, P. del; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V. [Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), Universite de Savoie, CNRS/IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [INFN Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I. L. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2011-02-01

146

Measurement of the tau Neutrino Helicity and Michel Parameters in Polarized e+e- Collisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new measurement of the tau neutrino helicity hnutau and the tau Michel parameters rho, eta, xi, and the product deltaxi. The analysis exploits the highly polarized SLC electron beam to extract these quantities directly from a measurement of the tau decay spectra, using the 1993-1995 SLD data sample of 4328 e+e--->Z0-->tau+tau- events. From the decays tau-->pinutau and

K. Abe; T. Akagi; N. J. Allen; W. W. Ash; D. Aston; K. G. Baird; C. Baltay; H. R. Band; M. B. Barakat; G. Baranko; O. Bardon; T. L. Barklow; G. L. Bashindzhagyan; A. O. Bazarko; R. Ben-David; A. C. Benvenuti; G. M. Bilei; D. Bisello; G. Blaylock; J. R. Bogart; B. Bolen; T. Bolton; G. R. Bower; J. E. Brau; M. Breidenbach; W. M. Bugg; D. Burke; T. H. Burnett; P. N. Burrows; W. Busza; A. Calcaterra; D. O. Caldwell; D. Calloway; B. Camanzi; M. Carpinelli; R. Cassell; R. Castaldi; A. Castro; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Chou; E. Church; H. O. Cohn; J. A. Coller; V. Cook; R. Cotton; R. F. Cowan; D. G. Coyne; G. Crawford; A. D'Oliveira; C. J. Damerell; M. Daoudi; R. de Sangro; R. dell'Orso; P. J. Dervan; M. Dima; D. N. Dong; P. Y. Du; R. Dubois; B. I. Eisenstein; R. Elia; E. Etzion; S. Fahey; D. Falciai; C. Fan; J. P. Fernandez; M. J. Fero; R. Frey; K. Furuno; T. Gillman; G. Gladding; S. Gonzalez; E. L. Hart; J. L. Harton; A. Hasan; Y. Hasegawa; K. Hasuko; S. J. Hedges; S. S. Hertzbach; M. D. Hildreth; J. Huber; M. E. Huffer; E. W. Hughes; H. Hwang; Y. Iwasaki; D. J. Jackson; P. Jacques; J. A. Jaros; A. S. Johnson; J. R. Johnson; R. A. Johnson; T. Junk; R. Kajikawa; M. Kalelkar; H. J. Kang; I. Karliner; H. Kawahara; H. W. Kendall; Y. D. Kim; M. E. King; R. King; R. R. Kofler; N. M. Krishna; R. S. Kroeger; J. F. Labs; M. Langston; A. Lath; J. A. Lauber; D. W. Leith; V. Lia; M. X. Liu; X. Liu; M. Loreti; A. Lu; H. L. Lynch; J. Ma; G. Mancinelli; S. Manly; G. Mantovani; T. W. Markiewicz; T. Maruyama; H. Masuda; E. Mazzucato; A. K. McKemey; B. T. Meadows; R. Messner; P. M. Mockett; K. C. Moffeit; T. B. Moore; D. Muller; T. Nagamine; S. Narita; U. Nauenberg; H. Neal; M. Nussbaum; Y. Ohnishi; L. S. Osborne; R. S. Panvini; C. H. Park; T. J. Pavel; I. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; L. Piemontese; E. Pieroni; K. T. Pitts; R. J. Plano; R. Prepost; C. Y. Prescott; G. D. Punkar; J. Quigley; B. N. Ratcliff; T. W. Reeves; J. Reidy; P. L. Reinertsen; P. E. Rensing; L. S. Rochester; P. C. Rowson; J. J. Russell; O. H. Saxton; T. Schalk; R. H. Schindler; B. A. Schumm; S. Sen; V. V. Serbo; M. H. Shaevitz; J. T. Shank; G. Shapiro; D. J. Sherden; K. D. Shmakov; C. Simopoulos; N. B. Sinev; S. R. Smith; M. B. Smy; J. A. Snyder; P. Stamer; H. Steiner; R. Steiner; M. G. Strauss; D. Su; F. Suekane; A. Sugiyama; S. Suzuki; M. Swartz; A. Szumilo; T. Takahashi; F. E. Taylor; E. Torrence; A. I. Trandafir; J. D. Turk; T. Usher; J. Va'Vra; C. Vannini; E. Vella; J. P. Venuti; R. Verdier; P. G. Verdini; D. L. Wagner; S. R. Wagner; A. P. Waite; S. J. Watts; A. W. Weidemann; E. R. Weiss; J. S. Whitaker; S. L. White; F. J. Wickens; D. A. Williams; S. H. Williams; S. Willocq; R. J. Wilson; W. J. Wisniewski; M. Woods; G. B. Word; J. Wyss; R. K. Yamamoto; J. M. Yamartino; X. Yang; J. Yashima; S. J. Yellin; C. C. Young; H. Yuta; G. Zapalac; R. W. Zdarko; J. Zhou

1997-01-01

147

H->tau tau and H->tau nu with the ATLAS Detector at the LHC  

E-print Network

The discovery and study of the source of electroweak symmetry breaking, usually explained through the Higgs mechanism, is one of the main goals of the ATLAS experiment, operating at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This mechanism predicts the existence of one or more scalar particles, the Higgs bosons. Channels containing taus are very important for the Higgs boson search at the LHC. Within the Standard Model, the H->tau tau channel would provide a significant contribution to the Higgs boson search in the dicult region of low Higgs mass. This channel is also important in supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model through the associated production of the Higgs bosons with heavy quarks or by gluon fusion. Finally, the observation of a charged Higgs boson would constitute irrefutable evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model. A light enough charged Higgs would be produced in top quark decays through t ! bH+ and would likely decay to a tau lepton and a neutrino. This paper summarizes recent ATLAS...

Goncalo, R; The ATLAS collaboration

2011-01-01

148

Search for Higgs Bosons Predicted in Two-Higgs-Doublet Models via Decays to Tau Lepton Pairs in 1.96 TeV pp¯ Collisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the results of a search for Higgs bosons predicted in two-Higgs-doublet models, in the case where the Higgs bosons decay to tau lepton pairs, using 1.8fb-1 of integrated luminosity of pp¯ collisions recorded by the CDF II experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. Studying the mass distribution in events where one or both tau leptons decay leptonically, no evidence

T. Aaltonen; J. Adelman; T. Akimoto; B. Álvarez González; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; A. Annovi; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; A. Apresyan; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; W. Ashmanskas; A. Attal; A. Aurisano; F. Azfar; W. Badgett; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; P. Barria; P. Bartos; V. Bartsch; G. Bauer; P.-H. Beauchemin; F. Bedeschi; D. Beecher; S. Behari; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; J. Beringer; A. Bhatti; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; I. Bizjak; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; V. Boisvert; G. Bolla; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Boveia; B. Brau; A. Bridgeman; L. Brigliadori; C. Bromberg; E. Brubaker; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; S. Budd; S. Burke; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; A. Buzatu; K. L. Byrum; S. Cabrera; C. Calancha; M. Campanelli; M. Campbell; F. Canelli; A. Canepa; B. Carls; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carrillo; S. Carron; B. Casal; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; V. Cavaliere; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; S. H. Chang; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; F. Chlebana; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; J. P. Chou; G. Choudalakis; S. H. Chuang; K. Chung; W. H. Chung; Y. S. Chung; T. Chwalek; C. I. Ciobanu; M. A. Ciocci; A. Clark; D. Clark; G. Compostella; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; M. Cordelli; G. Cortiana; C. A. Cox; D. J. Cox; F. Crescioli; C. Cuenca Almenar; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; J. C. Cully; D. Dagenhart; M. Datta; T. Davies; P. de Barbaro; S. de Cecco; A. Deisher; G. de Lorenzo; M. Dell'Orso; C. Deluca; L. Demortier; J. Deng; M. Deninno; P. F. Derwent; A. di Canto; G. P. di Giovanni; C. Dionisi; B. di Ruzza; J. R. Dittmann; M. D'Onofrio; S. Donati; P. Dong; J. Donini; T. Dorigo; S. Dube; J. Efron; A. Elagin; R. Erbacher; D. Errede; S. Errede; R. Eusebi; H. C. Fang; S. Farrington; W. T. Fedorko; R. G. Feild; M. Feindt; J. P. Fernandez; C. Ferrazza; R. Field; G. Flanagan; R. Forrest; M. J. Frank; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; I. Furic; M. Gallinaro; J. Galyardt; F. Garberson; J. E. Garcia; A. F. Garfinkel; P. Garosi; K. Genser; H. Gerberich; D. Gerdes; A. Gessler; S. Giagu; V. Giakoumopoulou; P. Giannetti; K. Gibson; J. L. Gimmell; C. M. Ginsburg; N. Giokaris; M. Giordani; P. Giromini; M. Giunta; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; N. Goldschmidt; A. Golossanov; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. González; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; A. Gresele; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; U. Grundler; J. Guimaraes da Costa; Z. Gunay-Unalan; C. Haber; K. Hahn; S. R. Hahn; E. Halkiadakis; B.-Y. Han; J. Y. Han; F. Happacher; K. Hara; D. Hare; M. Hare; S. Harper; R. F. Harr; R. M. Harris; M. Hartz; K. Hatakeyama; C. Hays; M. Heck; A. Heijboer; J. Heinrich; C. Henderson; M. Herndon; J. Heuser; S. Hewamanage; D. Hidas; C. S. Hill; D. Hirschbuehl; A. Hocker; S. Hou; M. Houlden; S.-C. Hsu; B. T. Huffman; R. E. Hughes; U. Husemann; M. Hussein; J. Huston; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; A. Ivanov; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; E. J. Jeon; M. K. Jha; S. Jindariani; W. Johnson; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; J. E. Jung; T. R. Junk; T. Kamon; D. Kar; P. E. Karchin; Y. Kato; R. Kephart; W. Ketchum; J. Keung; V. Khotilovich; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; H. W. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; N. Kimura; L. Kirsch; S. Klimenko; B. Knuteson; B. R. Ko; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; A. Korytov; A. V. Kotwal; M. Kreps; J. Kroll; D. Krop; N. Krumnack; M. Kruse; V. Krutelyov; T. Kubo; T. Kuhr; N. P. Kulkarni; M. Kurata; S. Kwang; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lami; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; R. L. Lander; K. Lannon; A. Lath; G. Latino; I. Lazzizzera; T. Lecompte; E. Lee; H. S. Lee; S. W. Lee; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; C.-S. Lin; J. Linacre; M. Lindgren; E. Lipeles; A. Lister; D. O. Litvintsev; C. Liu; T. Liu; N. S. Lockyer; A. Loginov; M. Loreti; L. Lovas; D. Lucchesi; C. Luci; J. Lueck; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; L. Lyons; J. Lys; R. Lysak; D. MacQueen; R. Madrak; K. Maeshima; K. Makhoul; T. Maki; P. Maksimovic; S. Malde; S. Malik; G. Manca; A. Manousakis-Katsikakis; F. Margaroli; C. Marino; A. Martin; V. Martin; M. Martínez; R. Martínez-Ballarín; T. Maruyama; P. Mastrandrea; T. Masubuchi; M. Mathis; M. E. Mattson; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; P. McIntyre; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; P. Mehtala; A. Menzione; P. Merkel; C. Mesropian; T. Miao; N. Miladinovic; R. Miller; C. Mills; M. Milnik; A. Mitra; G. Mitselmakher; H. Miyake; N. Moggi; M. N. Mondragon; C. S. Moon; R. Moore; M. J. Morello; J. Morlock; P. Movilla Fernandez; J. Mülmenstädt; A. Mukherjee; Th. Muller; R. Mumford; P. Murat; M. Mussini; J. Nachtman; Y. Nagai; A. Nagano; J. Naganoma; K. Nakamura; I. Nakano; A. Napier; V. Necula; J. Nett; C. Neu; M. S. Neubauer; S. Neubauer; J. Nielsen; L. Nodulman; M. Norman; O. Norniella; E. Nurse; L. Oakes; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; I. Oksuzian

2009-01-01

149

Measurement of the Tau Lepton Polarisation at LEP2  

E-print Network

A first measurement of the average polarisation P_tau of tau leptons produced in e+e- annihilation at energies significantly above the Z resonance is presented. The polarisation is determined from the kinematic spectra of tau hadronic decays. The measured value P_tau = -0.164 +/- 0.125 is consistent with the Standard Model prediction for the mean LEP energy of 197 GeV.

Abdallah, J; Adam, W; Adzic, P; Albrecht, T; Alemany-Fernandez, R; Allmendinger, T; Allport, P P; Amaldi, Ugo; Amapane, N; Amato, S; Anashkin, E; Andreazza, A; Andringa, S; Anjos, N; Antilogus, P; Apel, W D; Arnoud, Y; Ask, S; Åsman, B; Augustin, J E; Augustinus, A; Baillon, P; Ballestrero, A; Bambade, P; Barbier, R; Bardin, D; Barker, G J; Baroncelli, A; Battaglia, M; Baubillier, M; Becks, K H; Begalli, M; Behrmann, A; Ben-Haim, E; Benekos, N; Benvenuti, A; Bérat, C; Berggren, M; Bertrand, D; Besançon, M; Besson, N; Bloch, D; Blom, M; Bluj, M; Bonesini, M; Boonekamp, M; Booth, P S L; Borisov, G; Botner, O; Bouquet, B; Bowcock, T J V; Boyko, I; Bracko, M; Brenner, R; Brodet, E; Brückman, P; Brunet, J M; Buschbeck, B; Buschmann, P; Calvi, M; Camporesi, T; Canale, V; Carena, F; Castro, N; Cavallo, F; Chapkin, M; Charpentier, P; Checchia, P; Chierici, R; Shlyapnikov, P; Chudoba, J; Chung, S U; Cieslik, K; Collins, P; Contri, R; Cosme, G; Cossutti, F; Costa, M J; Crennell, D J; Cuevas-Maestro, J; D'Hondt, J; Da Silva, T; Da Silva, W; Dedovich, D; Della Ricca, G; De Angelis, A; de Boer, Wim; De Clercq, C; De Lotto, B; De Maria, N; De Min, A; De Paula, L; Di Ciaccio, L; Di Simone, A; Doroba, K; Drees, J; Eigen, G; Ekelöf, T J C; Ellert, M; Elsing, M; Espirito-Santo, M C; Fanourakis, G K; Fassouliotis, D; Feindt, M; Fernández, J; Ferrer, A; Ferro, F; Flagmeyer, U; Föth, H; Fokitis, E; Fulda-Quenzer, F; Fuster, J; Gandelman, M; García, C; Gavillet, P; Gazis, E; Gokieli, R; Golob, B; Gómez-Ceballos, G; Gonçalves, P; Graziani, E; Grosdidier, G; Grzelak, K; Guy, J; Haag, C; Hallgren, A; Hamacher, K; Hamilton, K; Haug, S; Hauler, F; Hedberg, V; Hennecke, M; Herr, H; Hoffman, J; Holmgren, S O; Holt, P J; Houlden, M A; Jackson, J N; Jarlskog, G; Jarry, P; Jeans, D; Johansson, E K; Jonsson, P; Joram, C; Jungermann, L; Kapusta, F; Katsanevas, S; Katsoufis, E; Kernel, G; Kersevan, B P; Kerzel, U; King, B T; Kjaer, N J; Kluit, P; Kokkinias, P; Kourkoumelis, C; Kuznetsov, O; Krumshtein, Z; Kucharczyk, M; Lamsa, J; Leder, G; Ledroit, F; Leinonen, L; Leitner, R; Lemonne, J; Lepeltier, V; Lesiak, T; Liebig, W; Liko, D; Lipniacka, A; Lopes, J H; López, J M; Loukas, D; Lutz, P; Lyons, L; MacNaughton, J; Malek, A; Maltezos, S; Mandl, F; Marco, J; Marco, R; Maréchal, B; Margoni, M; Marin, J C; Mariotti, C; Markou, A; Martínez-Rivero, C; Masik, J; Mastroyiannopoulos, N; Matorras, F; Matteuzzi, C; Mazzucato, F; Mazzucato, M; McNulty, R; Meroni, C; Migliore, E; Mitaroff, W A; Mjörnmark, U; Moa, T; Moch, M; Mönig, K; Monge, R; Montenegro, J; Moraes, D; Moreno, S; Morettini, P; Müller, U; Münich, K; Mulders, M; Mundim, L; Murray, W; Muryn, B; Myatt, G; Myklebust, T; Nassiakou, M; Navarria, F; Nawrocki, K; Nicolaidou, R; Nikolenko, M; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V F; Olshevski, A; Onofre, A; Orava, R; Österberg, K; Ouraou, A; Oyanguren, A; Paganoni, M; Paiano, S; Palacios, J P; Palka, H; Papadopoulou, T D; Pape, L; Parkes, C; Parodi, F; Parzefall, U; Passeri, A; Passon, O; Peralta, L; Perepelitsa, V; Perrotta, A; Petrolini, A; Piedra, J; Pieri, L; Pierre, F; Pimenta, M; Piotto, E; Podobnik, T; Poireau, V; Pol, M E; Polok, G; Pozdnyakov, V; Pukhaeva, N; Pullia, A; Rames, J; Read, A; Rebecchi, P; Rehn, J; Reid, D; Reinhardt, R; Renton, P B; Richard, F; Rídky, J; Rivero, M; Rodríguez, D; Romero, A; Ronchese, P; Roudeau, P; Rovelli, T; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V; Ryabtchikov, D; Sadovskii, A; Salmi, L; Salt, J; Sander, C; Savoy-Navarro, A; Schwickerath, U; Sekulin, R; Siebel, M; Sisakian, A; Smadja, G; Smirnova, O; Sokolov, A; Sopczak, A; Sosnowski, R; Spassoff, Tz; Stanitzki, M; Stocchi, A; Strauss, J; Stugu, B; Szczekowski, M; Szeptycka, M; Szumlak, T; Tabarelli de Fatis, T; Tegenfeldt, F; Timmermans, J; Tkatchev, L; Tobin, M; Todorovova, S; Tomé, B; Tonazzo, A; Tortosa, P; Travnicek, P; Treille, D; Tristram, G; Trochimczuk, M; Troncon, C; Turluer, M L; Tyapkin, I A; Tyapkin, P; Tzamarias, S; Uvarov, V; Valenti, G; van Dam, P; Van Eldik, J; Van Remortel, N; Van Vulpen, I; Vegni, G; Veloso, F; Venus, W; Verdier, P; Verzi, V; Vilanova, D; Vitale, L; Vrba, V; Wahlen, H; Washbrook, A J; Weiser, C; Wicke, D; Wickens, J; Wilkinson, G; Winter, M; Witek, M; Yushchenko, O; Zalewska-Bak, A; Zalewski, P; Zavrtanik, D; Zhuravlov, V; Zimin, N I; Zintchenko, A; Zupan, M

2008-01-01

150

Improved limits on lepton-flavor-violating tau decays to lphi, lrho, lK, and lK.  

PubMed

We search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor-violating tau decays tau- -->l-}V0, where l is an electron or muon and V0 is a vector meson reconstructed as phi-->K+K-, rho-->pi+pi-, K-->K+pi-, K[over ]-->K-pi+. The analysis has been performed using 451 fb-1 of data collected at an e+e- center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage rings. The number of events found in the data is compatible with the background expectation, and upper limits on the branching fractions are set in the range (2.6-19)x10-8 at the 90% confidence level. PMID:19659196

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Tico, J Garra; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Zhang, L; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Firmino da Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S

2009-07-10

151

Measurement of the tau lepton electronic branching fraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tau lepton electron branching fraction has been measured with the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring as Be=0.1749+/-0.0014+/-0.0022, with the first error statistical and the second systematic. The measurement involves counting electron-positron annihilation events in which both taus decay to electrons, and normalizing to the number of tau-pair decays expected from the measured luminosity. Detected photons in these events constitute a definitive observation of tau decay radiation.

Akerib, D. S.; Barish, B.; Chadha, M.; Cowen, D. F.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J. S.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A. J.; Acosta, D.; Masek, G.; Ong, B.; Paar, H.; Sivertz, M.; Bean, A.; Gronberg, J.; Kutschke, R.; Menary, S.; Morrison, R. J.; Nelson, H. N.; Richman, J. D.; Tajima, H.; Schmidt, D.; Sperka, D.; Witherell, M. S.; Procario, M.; Yang, S.; Daoudi, M.; Ford, W. T.; Johnson, D. R.; Lingel, K.; Lohner, M.; Rankin, P.; Smith, J. G.; Alexander, J. P.; Bebek, C.; Berkelman, K.; Besson, D.; Browder, T. E.; Cassel, D. G.; Coffman, D. M.; Drell, P. S.; Ehrlich, R.; Galik, R. S.; Garcia-Sciveres, M.; Geiser, B.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S. W.; Hartill, D. L.; Heltsley, B. K.; Honscheid, K.; Jones, C.; Kandaswamy, J.; Katayama, N.; Kim, P. C.; Kreinick, D. L.; Ludwig, G. S.; Masui, J.; Mevissen, J.; Mistry, N. B.; Ng, C. R.; Nordberg, E.; O'grady, C.; Patterson, J. R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Sapper, M.; Selen, M.; Worden, H.; Worris, M.; Würthwein, F.; Avery, P.; Freyberger, A.; Rodriguez, J.; Stephens, R.; Yelton, J.; Cinabro, D.; Henderson, S.; Kinoshita, K.; Liu, T.; Saulnier, M.; Wilson, R.; Yamamoto, H.; Sadoff, A. J.; Ammar, R.; Ball, S.; Baringer, P.; Coppage, D.; Copty, N.; Davis, R.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, N.; Lam, H.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; Nelson, J. K.; Patton, S.; Perticone, D.; Poling, R.; Savinov, V.; Schrenk, S.; Wang, R.; Alam, M. S.; Kim, I. J.; Nemati, B.; O'neill, J. J.; Romero, V.; Severini, H.; Sun, C. R.; Wang, P.-N.; Zoeller, M. M.; Crawford, G.; Fulton, R.; Gan, K. K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Sung, M.; White, C.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Butler, F.; Fu, X.; Kalbfleisch, G.; Lambrecht, M.; Ross, W. R.; Skubic, P.; Snow, J.; Wang, P.-L.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D. N.; Dominick, J.; McIlwain, R. L.; Miao, T.; Miller, D. H.; Modesitt, M.; Schaffner, S. F.; Shibata, E. I.; Shipsey, I. P.; Battle, M.; Ernst, J.; Kroha, H.; Roberts, S.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E. H.; Wang, C.-H.; Sanghera, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stroynowski, R.; Artuso, M.; Goldberg, M.; Horwitz, N.; Kennett, R.; Moneti, G. C.; Muheim, F.; Playfer, S.; Rozen, Y.; Rubin, P.; Stone, S.; Thulasidas, M.; Yao, W.-M.; Zhu, G.; Barnes, A. V.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S. E.; Egyed, Z.; Jain, V.; Sheldon, P.

1992-12-01

152

Search for Neutral Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model Higgs Bosons Decaying to Tau Pairs in pp Collisions at sqrt[s]=7??TeV  

SciTech Connect

A search for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons in pp collisions at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The results are based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 inverse picobarns recorded by the CMS experiment. The search uses decays of the Higgs bosons to tau pairs. No excess is observed in the tau-pair invariant-mass spectrum. The resulting upper limits on the Higgs boson production cross section times branching fraction to tau pairs, as a function of the pseudoscalar Higgs boson mass, yield stringent new bounds in the MSSM parameter space.

Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.

2011-06-01

153

PICALM modulates autophagy activity and tau accumulation  

E-print Network

) in flies expressing human tau in neurons, we observed an increased human tau/actin ratio (Fig. 7b). CALM and autophagy contribute to tau clearance in zebrafish. Although the Drosophila tools enable study of the effects of CALM knockdown in relation to tau... . Mosaic Dendra-tau fish were imaged before and after photoconversion and then daily, to assess clearance of the red (photoconverted) fluorescently tagged tau protein (Supplementary Fig. 6a,b). The autophagy-enhancing drugs rapamycin, clonidine...

Moreau, Kevin; Fleming, Angeleen; Imarisio, Sara; Ramirez, Ana Lopez; Mercer, Jacob L.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Maria; Bento, Carla F.; Puri, Claudia; Zavodszky, Eszter; Siddiqi, Farah; Lavau, Catherine P.; Betton, Maureen; O’Kane, Cahir J.; Wechsler, Daniel S.; Rubinsztein, David C.

2014-09-22

154

Study of top quark production and decays involving a tau lepton at CDF and limits on a charged Higgs boson contribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an analysis of top-antitop quark production and decay into a tau lepton, tau neutrino, and bottom quark using data from 9 fb-1 of integrated luminosity at the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Dilepton events, where one lepton is an energetic electron or muon and the other a hadronically decaying tau lepton, originating from proton-antiproton collisions at ?s =1.96 TeV, are used. A top-antitop quark production cross section of 8.1±2.1 pb is measured, assuming standard-model top quark decays. By separately identifying for the first time the single-tau and the ditau components, we measure the branching fraction of the top quark into the tau lepton, tau neutrino, and bottom quark to be (9.6±2.8)%. The branching fraction of top quark decays into a charged Higgs boson and a bottom quark, which would imply violation of lepton universality, is limited to be less than 5.9% at a 95% confidence level [for B(H-???¯)=1].

Aaltonen, T.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J. A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Asaadi, J.; Ashmanskas, W.; Auerbach, B.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Bae, T.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barria, P.; Bartos, P.; Bauce, M.; Bedeschi, F.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Bhatti, A.; Bland, K. R.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brucken, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Butti, P.; Buzatu, A.; Calamba, A.; Camarda, S.; Campanelli, M.; Canelli, F.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Casal, B.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavaliere, V.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Clark, A.; Clarke, C.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Corbo, M.; Cordelli, M.; Cox, C. A.; Cox, D. J.; Cremonesi, M.; Cruz, D.; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; d'Ascenzo, N.; Datta, M.; de Barbaro, P.; Demortier, L.; Deninno, M.; D'Errico, M.; Devoto, F.; Di Canto, A.; Di Ruzza, B.; Dittmann, J. R.; Donati, S.; D'Onofrio, M.; Dorigo, M.; Driutti, A.; Ebina, K.; Edgar, R.; Elagin, A.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, S.; Esham, B.; Farrington, S.; Fernández Ramos, J. P.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Forrest, R.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Frisch, H.; Funakoshi, Y.; Galloni, C.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Garosi, P.; Gerberich, H.; Gerchtein, E.; Giagu, S.; Giakoumopoulou, V.; Gibson, K.; Ginsburg, C. M.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Giurgiu, G.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldin, D.; Golossanov, A.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González López, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Gramellini, E.; Grinstein, S.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Guimaraes da Costa, J.; Hahn, S. R.; Han, J. Y.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, M.; Harr, R. F.; Harrington-Taber, T.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hays, C.; Heinrich, J.; Herndon, M.; Hocker, A.; Hong, Z.; Hopkins, W.; Hou, S.; Hughes, R. E.; Husemann, U.; Hussein, M.; Huston, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ivanov, A.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeon, E. J.; Jindariani, S.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Junk, T. R.; Kambeitz, M.; Kamon, T.; Karchin, P. E.; Kasmi, A.; Kato, Y.; Ketchum, W.; Keung, J.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, Y. J.; Kim, Y. K.; Kimura, N.; Kirby, M.; Knoepfel, K.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Kruse, M.; Kuhr, T.; Kurata, M.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lannon, K.; Latino, G.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, J. S.; Leo, S.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limosani, A.; Lipeles, E.; Lister, A.; Liu, H.; Liu, Q.; Liu, T.; Lockwitz, S.; Loginov, A.; Lucchesi, D.; Lucà, A.; Lueck, J.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; Madrak, R.; Maestro, P.; Malik, S.; Manca, G.; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A.; Marchese, L.; Margaroli, F.; Marino, P.; Martínez, M.; Matera, K.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazzacane, A.; Mazzanti, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Mehtala, P.; Mesropian, C.; Miao, T.; Mietlicki, D.; Mitra, A.; Miyake, H.; Moed, S.; Moggi, N.; Moon, C. S.; Moore, R.; Morello, M. J.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, Th.; Murat, P.; Mussini, M.; Nachtman, J.; Nagai, Y.; Naganoma, J.; Nakano, I.; Napier, A.; Nett, J.; Neu, C.; Nigmanov, T.; Nodulman, L.; Noh, S. Y.; Norniella, O.; Oakes, L.; Oh, S. H.; Oh, Y. D.; Oksuzian, I.; Okusawa, T.; Orava, R.; Ortolan, L.; Pagliarone, C.; Palencia, E.; Palni, P.; Papadimitriou, V.; Parker, W.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Paus, C.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pianori, E.; Pilot, J.; Pitts, K.; Plager, C.; Pondrom, L.; Poprocki, S.; Potamianos, K.; Pranko, A.; Prokoshin, F.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Ranjan, N.; Redondo Fernández, I.; Renton, P.; Rescigno, M.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Rizzi, C.; Robson, A.; Rodriguez, T.; Rolli, S.; Ronzani, M.; Roser, R.; Rosner, J. L.; Ruffini, F.; Ruiz, A.; Russ, J.; Rusu, V.; Sakumoto, W. K.; Sakurai, Y.; Santi, L.; Sato, K.; Saveliev, V.; Savoy-Navarro, A.; Schlabach, P.; Schmidt, E. E.; Schwarz, T.; Scodellaro, L.; Scuri, F.; Seidel, S.; Seiya, Y.; Semenov, A.; Sforza, F.; Shalhout, S. Z.; Shears, T.; Shepard, P. F.; Shimojima, M.; Shochet, M.; Shreyber-Tecker, I.; Simonenko, A.; Sliwa, K.; Smith, J. R.; Snider, F. D.; Song, H.; Sorin, V.; St. Denis, R.; Stancari, M.; Stentz, D.; Strologas, J.; Sudo, Y.; Sukhanov, A.; Suslov, I.; Takemasa, K.; Takeuchi, Y.; Tang, J.; Tecchio, M.; Teng, P. K.; Thom, J.; Thomson, E.; Thukral, V.; Toback, D.; Tokar, S.; Tollefson, K.; Tomura, T.; Tonelli, D.; Torre, S.; Torretta, D.; Totaro, P.; Trovato, M.; Ukegawa, F.; Uozumi, S.; Velev, G.

2014-05-01

155

Evidence for B- -> tau- nu_tau-bar with a Hadronic Tagging Method Using the Full Data Sample of Belle  

E-print Network

We measure the branching fraction of B- -> tau- nu_tau-bar using the full Upsilon(4S) data sample containing 772*10^6 BBbar pairs collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. Events with BBbar pairs are tagged by reconstructing one of the B mesons decaying into hadronic final states, and B- -> tau- nu_tau-bar candidates are detected in the recoil. We find evidence for B- -> tau- nu_tau-bar with a significance of 3.0 standard deviations including systematic errors and measure a branching fraction B(B- -> tau- nu_tau-bar) = [0.72^{+0.27}_{-0.25}(stat) +/- 0.11(syst)] * 10^-4.

Belle Collaboration; K. Hara; Y. Horii; T. Iijima; I. Adachi; H. Aihara; D. M. Asner; T. Aushev; T. Aziz; A. M. Bakich; M. Barrett; V. Bhardwaj; B. Bhuyan; A. Bondar; G. Bonvicini; A. Bozek; M. Bracko; T. E. Browder; V. Chekelian; A. Chen; P. Chen; B. G. Cheon; K. Chilikin; I. -S. Cho; K. Cho; Y. Choi; D. Cinabro; J. Dalseno; J. Dingfelder; Z. Dolezal; Z. Drásal; A. Drutskoy; D. Dutta; S. Eidelman; D. Epifanov; S. Esen; H. Farhat; A. Frey; V. Gaur; N. Gabyshev; S. Ganguly; R. Gillard; Y. M. Goh; B. Golob; J. Haba; T. Hara; K. Hayasaka; H. Hayashii; T. Higuchi; Y. Hoshi; K. Inami; A. Ishikawa; R. Itoh; Y. Iwasaki; T. Iwashita; T. Julius; J. H. Kang; T. Kawasaki; C. Kiesling; H. O. Kim; J. B. Kim; J. H. Kim; K. T. Kim; M. J. Kim; Y. J. Kim; K. Kinoshita; J. Klucar; B. R. Ko; P. Kodys; S. Korpar; R. T. Kouzes; P. Krizan; P. Krokovny; B. Kronenbitter; T. Kuhr; T. Kumita; A. Kuzmin; Y. -J. Kwon; J. S. Lange; S. -H. Lee; J. Li; Y. Li; J. Libby; C. Liu; Y. Liu; Z. Q. Liu; D. Liventsev; D. Matvienko; K. Miyabayashi; H. Miyata; R. Mizuk; G. B. Mohanty; A. Moll; T. Mori; N. Muramatsu; E. Nakano; M. Nakao; H. Nakazawa; Z. Natkaniec; M. Nayak; C. Ng; N. K. Nisar; S. Nishida; K. Nishimura; O. Nitoh; T. Nozaki; T. Ohshima; S. Okuno; S. L. Olsen; C. Oswald; H. Ozaki; P. Pakhlov; G. Pakhlova; C. W. Park; H. K. Park; T. K. Pedlar; R. Pestotnik; M. Petric; L. E. Piilonen; M. Prim; M. Röhrken; S. Ryu; H. Sahoo; K. Sakai; Y. Sakai; S. Sandilya; D. Santel; T. Sanuki; Y. Sato; O. Schneider; G. Schnell; C. Schwanda; A. J. Schwartz; K. Senyo; O. Seon; M. E. Sevior; M. Shapkin; C. P. Shen; T. -A. Shibata; J. -G. Shiu; B. Shwartz; A. Sibidanov; F. Simon; P. Smerkol; Y. -S. Sohn; A. Sokolov; E. Solovieva; M. Staric; M. Sumihama; T. Sumiyoshi; G. Tatishvili; Y. Teramoto; K. Trabelsi; T. Tsuboyama; M. Uchida; S. Uehara; Y. Unno; S. Uno; P. Urquijo; Y. Ushiroda; Y. Usov; C. Van Hulse; P. Vanhoefer; G. Varner; K. E. Varvell; V. Vorobyev; M. N. Wagner; C. H. Wang; M. -Z. Wang; P. Wang; M. Watanabe; Y. Watanabe; K. M. Williams; E. Won; B. D. Yabsley; H. Yamamoto; Y. Yamashita; Y. Yusa; Z. P. Zhang; V. Zhilich; V. Zhulanov; A. Zupanc

2012-08-23

156

Test of the exponential decay law at short decay times using tau leptons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantum mechanics predicts an exponential distribution for the decay time of massive particles. However, deviations are expected for decay times shorter than about 10?13 s in models conjecturing the existence of hidden variables. Following a recent proposal, the decay length distribution of 5843 ? leptons decaying into 3 charged particles was analyzed in search of such a deviation. The deviation

Gideon Alexander; J. Allison; N. Altekamp; K A Ametewee; K. J. Anderson; S. Anderson; S. Arcelli; D A Axen; Georges Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J Richard Batley; G. Beaudoin; J. Bechtluft; G. A. Beck; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; A. N. Bell; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; Stanislaus Cornelius Maria Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; Siegfried Bethke; O. Biebel; Ian J Bloodworth; J. E. Bloomer; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; B. T. Bouwens; S. Braibant; P G Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; Helfried J Burckhart; C. Burgard; R. Bürgin; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Chang Y; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; D. Chrisman; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; O. C. Cooke; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C L Darling; S. De Jong; L. A. del Pozo; M. S. Dixit; E. do Couto e Silva; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; U. C. Dunwoody; J. E. G. Edwards; P. G. Estabrooks; H. G. Evans; Franco Luigi Fabbri; B. Fabbro; P. Fath; F. Fiedler; M. Fierro; Margret Fincke-Keeler; H. M. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; S. M. Gascon-Shotkin; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; D. M. Gingrich; J. Goldberg; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; E. Gross; C. Hajdu; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; M. Hapke; C. K. Hargrove; P. A. Hart; C. Hartmann; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; R. Hawkings; Richard J Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; M. D. Hildreth; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; R James Homer; A. K. Honma; D. Horváth; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; D. E. Hutchcroft; P. Igo-Kemenes; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; Martin Paul Jimack; A. Joly; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; U. Jost; P. Jovanovic; D A Karlen; T. Kawamoto; Richard K Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; B. J. King; J. King; J. Kirk; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R V Kowalewski; T. Kress; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; W. P. Lai; D. Lanske; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; Daniel Lellouch; J. Letts; L. Levinson; C. Lewis; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; Michael J Losty; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; A. Malik; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; G. Martinez; T. Mashimo; W. Matthews; P. Mättig; W. J. McDonald; J A McKenna; E. A. Mckigney; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; F. Meijers; S. Menke; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; J. Meyer; Aldo Michelini; G. Mikenberg; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; R. Nisius; S. W. O'Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; N. J. Oldershaw; T. Omori; C. J. Oram; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; M. Palazzo; J. Pálinkás; F. M. Palmonari; J. P. Pansart; G. Pásztor; J. R. Pater; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J L Pinfold; D. E. Plane; P R Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; T. W. Pritchard; H. Przysiezniak; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. G. Rison; S. A. Robins; N L Rodning; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; R. Rylko; E Sarkisyan-Grinbaum; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; M. Schulz; P. Schütz; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Sittler; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; Randall J Sobie; S. Söldner-Rembold; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; M. Starks; C. Stegmann; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; D. Strom; F. Strumia; P. Szymanski; R. Tafirout; H. Takeda; P. Taras; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; N. Tesch; M. A. Thomson; E. von Törne; S. Towers; M. Tscheulin; T. Tsukamoto; E. Tsur; A. S. Turcot; M. F. Turner-Watson; P. Utzat; R. Van Kooten; G. Vasseur; P. Vikas; M G Vincter; E. H. Vokurka; F. Wäckerle; A. Wagner; D. L. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S A Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; S M Xella; S. Yamashita; G. Yekutieli; V. Zacek

1996-01-01

157

Search for Second-Class Currents in tau- -> omega.pi-.nu_tau  

SciTech Connect

We report an analysis of {tau}{sup -} decaying into {omega}{pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}} with {omega} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0} using a data sample containing nearly 320 million {tau} pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-Factory. We find no evidence for second-class currents and we set an upper limit of 0.69% at 90% confidence level for the fraction of second-class currents in this decay mode.

Aubert, B.

2009-04-22

158

Improved $\\tau$-weapons for Higgs hunting  

E-print Network

In this work, we use the results from Higgs searches in the $\\gamma\\gamma$ and $\\tau\\tau$ decay channels at LHC and indirect bounds as BR$(B \\to X_s \\gamma)$ to constrain the parameter space of a generic MSSM Higgs sector. In particular, we include the latest CMS results that look for additional Higgs states with masses up to 1 TeV. We show that the $\\tau \\tau$ channel is the best and most accurate weapon in the hunt for new Higgs states beyond the Standard Model. We obtain that present experimental results rule out additional neutral Higgs bosons in a generic MSSM below 300 GeV for any value of $\\tan \\beta$ and, for instance, values of $\\tan \\beta$ above 30 are only possible for Higgs masses above 600 GeV. ATLAS stored data has the potential to render this bound obsolete in the near future.

Barenboim, G; López-Ibáñez, M L; Vives, O

2013-01-01

159

Tau propagation, different tau phenotypes, and prion-like properties of tau.  

PubMed

Sanders et al. (2014) demonstrate in this issue of Neuron that the natively unfolded protein tau can propagate indefinitely in distinct stable strains, therefore supporting the general idea that tau has prion-like properties, with implications for Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies. PMID:24945760

Hyman, Bradley T

2014-06-18

160

The acetylation of tau inhibits its function and promotes pathological tau aggregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The microtubule associated protein tau promotes neuronal survival through binding and stabilization of MTs. Phosphorylation regulates tau–microtubule interactions and hyperphosphorylation contributes to the aberrant formation of insoluble tau aggregates in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies. However, other pathogenic post-translational tau modifications have not been well characterized. Here we demonstrate that tau acetylation inhibits tau function via impaired tau–microtubule interactions

Todd J. Cohen; Jing L. Guo; David E. Hurtado; Linda K. Kwong; Ian P. Mills; John Q. Trojanowski; Virginia M. Y. Lee

2011-01-01

161

Tau exon 10 alternative splicing and tauopathies  

PubMed Central

Abnormalities of microtubule-associated protein tau play a central role in neurofibrillary degeneration in several neurodegenerative disorders that collectively called tauopathies. Six isoforms of tau are expressed in adult human brain, which result from alternative splicing of pre-mRNA generated from a single tau gene. Alternative splicing of tau exon 10 results in tau isoforms containing either three or four microtubule-binding repeats (3R-tau and 4R-tau, respectively). Approximately equal levels of 3R-tau and 4R-tau are expressed in normal adult human brain, but the 3R-tau/4R-tau ratio is altered in the brains in several tauopathies. Discovery of silence mutations and intronic mutations of tau gene in some individuals with frontotemporal dementia with Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), which only disrupt tau exon 10 splicing but do not alter tau's primary sequence, demonstrates that dysregulation of tau exon 10 alternative splicing and consequently of 3R-tau/4R-tau balance is sufficient to cause neurodegeneration and dementia. Here, we review the gene structure, transcripts and protein isoforms of tau, followed by the regulation of exon 10 splicing that determines the expression of 3R-tau or 4R-tau. Finally, dysregulation of exon 10 splicing of tau in several tauopathies is discussed. Understanding the molecular mechanisms by which tau exon 10 splicing is regulated and how it is disrupted in tauopathies will provide new insight into the mechanisms of these tauopathies and help identify new therapeutic targets to treat these disorders. PMID:18616804

Liu, Fei; Gong, Cheng-Xin

2008-01-01

162

Two Nucleon (B-L)-Conserving Reactions Involving Tau Leptons  

E-print Network

Tau lepton emission in two-nucleon disappearance reactions from within nuclei which conserve baryon number minus lepton number (B-L) is considered. It is shown that some existing limits on proton decay channels and two-nucleon disappearance reactions resulting in electrons and muons can be applied to $\\Delta B=\\Delta L=2$ decays involving $\\tau$ leptons. For the two-nucleon disappearance channel $np\\to\\tau^+ \\overline\

Douglas Bryman

2014-04-30

163

Extracellular Tau Levels Are Influenced by Variability in Tau That Is Associated with Tauopathies*  

PubMed Central

Tauopathies are a class of neurodegenerative diseases marked by intracellular aggregates of hyperphosphorylated Tau. These diseases may occur by sporadic mechanisms in which genetic variants represent risk factors for disease, as is the case in Alzheimer disease (AD). In AD, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of soluble Tau/pTau-181 are higher in cases compared with controls. A subset of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) cases occur by a familial mechanism in which MAPT, the gene that encodes Tau, mutations are dominantly inherited. In symptomatic FTD patients expressing a MAPT mutation, CSF Tau levels are slightly elevated but are significantly lower than in AD patients. We sought to model CSF Tau changes by measuring extracellular Tau in cultured cells. Full-length, monomeric extracellular total Tau and pTau-181 were detectable in human neuroblastoma cells expressing endogenous Tau, in human non-neuronal cells overexpressing wild-type Tau, and in mouse cortical neurons. Tau isoforms influence the rate of Tau release, whereby the N terminus (exons 2/3) and microtubule binding repeat length contribute to Tau release from the cell. Compared with cells overexpressing wild-type Tau, cells overexpressing FTD-associated MAPT mutations produce significantly less extracellular total Tau without altering intracellular total Tau levels. This study demonstrates that cells actively release Tau in the absence of disease or toxicity, and Tau release is modified by changes in the Tau protein that are associated with tauopathies. PMID:23105105

Karch, Celeste M.; Jeng, Amanda T.; Goate, Alison M.

2012-01-01

164

Tau PET imaging in Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

In several neurodegenerative diseases that are collectively called tauopathies, progressive accumulation of tau in the brain is closely associated with neurodegeneration and cognitive impairment. Noninvasive detection of tau protein deposits in the brain would be useful to diagnose tauopathies as well as to track and predict disease progression. Recently, several tau PET tracers including T807, THK-5117, and PBB3 have been developed and succeeded in imaging neurofibrillary pathology in vivo. For use of tau PET as a biomarker of tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease, PET tracers should have high affinity to PHF-tau and high selectivity for tau over amyloid-? and other protein deposits. PET tau imaging enables the longitudinal assessment of the spatial pattern of tau deposition and its relation to amyloid-? pathology and neurodegeneration. This technology could also be applied to the pharmacological assessment of anti-tau therapy, thereby allowing preventive interventions. PMID:25239654

Okamura, Nobuyuki; Harada, Ryuichi; Furumoto, Shozo; Arai, Hiroyuki; Yanai, Kazuhiko; Kudo, Yukitsuka

2014-11-01

165

Therapeutic strategies for tau mediated neurodegeneration  

PubMed Central

Based on the amyloid hypothesis, controlling ?-amyloid protein (A?) accumulation is supposed to suppress downstream pathological events, tau accumulation, neurodegeneration and cognitive decline. However, in recent clinical trials, A? removal or reducing A? production has shown limited efficacy. Moreover, while active immunisation with A? resulted in the clearance of A?, it did not prevent tau pathology or neurodegeneration. This prompts the concern that it might be too late to employ A? targeting therapies once tau mediated neurodegeneration has occurred. Therefore, it is timely and very important to develop tau directed therapies. The pathomechanisms of tau mediated neurodegeneration are unclear but hyperphosphorylation, oligomerisation, fibrillisation and propagation of tau pathology have been proposed as the likely pathological processes that induce loss of function or gain of toxic function of tau, causing neurodegeneration. Here we review the strategies for tau directed treatments based on recent progress in research on tau and our understanding of the pathomechanisms of tau mediated neurodegeneration. PMID:23085937

Yoshiyama, Yasumasa; Lee, Virginia M Y; Trojanowski, John Q

2014-01-01

166

Enhanced Higgs to $\\tau^+\\tau^-$ Searches with Deep Learning  

E-print Network

The Higgs boson is thought to provide the interaction that imparts mass to the fundamental fermions, but while measurements at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) are consistent with this hypothesis, current analysis techniques lack the statistical power to cross the traditional 5$\\sigma$ significance barrier without more data. \\emph{Deep learning} techniques have the potential to increase the statistical power of this analysis by \\emph{automatically} learning complex, high-level data representations. In this work, deep neural networks are used to detect the decay of the Higgs to a pair of tau leptons. A Bayesian optimization algorithm is used to tune the network architecture and training algorithm hyperparameters, resulting in a deep network of eight non-linear processing layers that improves upon the performance of shallow classifiers even without the use of features specifically engineered by physicists for this application. The improvement in discovery significance is equivalent to an increase in the accumula...

Baldi, Pierre; Whiteson, Daniel

2014-01-01

167

The Microjet of AA Tau  

Microsoft Academic Search

The microjet of AA Tau A.W. Cox (Atholton High School, Columbia MD), G.M. Hilton (SSAI and GSFC), G.M. Williger (JHU and U. Louisville), C.A. Grady (Eureka Scientific and GSFC) B.Woodgate (NASA's GSFC) AA Tau is a classical T Tauri star with a spatially resolved disk viewed at approximately 70 degrees from pole-on. Photo-polarimetric variability of the star has been interpreted

A. W. Cox; G. M. Hilton; G. M. Williger; C. A. Grady; B. Woodgate

2005-01-01

168

Search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in association with b-quarks at s**(1/2)=1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

We report results from a search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in association with a b-quark in 1.6 fb{sup -1} of data taken from June 2006 to March 2008 with the D0 detector at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The final state includes a muon, hadronically decaying tau, and jet identified as coming from a b-quark. We set cross section times branching ratio limits on production of such neutral Higgs bosons {phi} in the mass range from 90 GeV to 160 GeV. Exclusion limits are set at the 95% Confidence Level for several supersymmetric scenarios.

Herner, Kenneth Richard; /SUNY, Stony Brook

2008-12-01

169

Search for a Low-Mass Higgs Boson in UPSILON(3S)->gammaA{sup 0}, A{sup 0}->tau{sup +}tau{sup -} at BABAR  

SciTech Connect

We search for a light Higgs boson A{sup 0} in the radiative decay UPSILON(3S)->gammaA{sup 0}, A{sup 0}->tau{sup +}tau{sup -}, tau{sup +}->e{sup +}nu{sub e}nu{sub tau}, or tau{sup +}->mu{sup +}nu{sub mu}nu{sub tau}. The data sample contains 122x10{sup 6} UPSILON(3S) events recorded with the BABAR detector. We find no evidence for a narrow structure in the studied tau{sup +}tau{sup -} invariant mass region of 4.03tau{sup +}}{sub tau{sup -}}<10.10 GeV/c{sup 2}. We exclude at the 90% confidence level (C.L.) a low-mass Higgs boson decaying to tau{sup +}tau{sup -} with a product branching fraction B(UPSILON(3S)->gammaA{sup 0})xB(A{sup 0}->tau{sup +}tau{sup -})>(1.5-16)x10{sup -5} across the m{sub tau}{sup +}{sub tau}{sup -} range. We also set a 90% C.L. upper limit on the tau{sup +}tau{sup -} decay of the eta{sub b} at B(eta{sub b}->tau{sup +}tau{sup -})<8%.

Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V. [Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), Universite de Savoie, CNRS/IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Tico, J. Garra; Grauges, E. [Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, Universitat de Barcelona, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [INFN Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lynch, G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2009-10-30

170

Insulin dysfunction and Tau pathology  

PubMed Central

The neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) include senile plaques of ?-amyloid (A?) peptides (a cleavage product of the Amyloid Precursor Protein, or APP) and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) of hyperphosphorylated Tau protein assembled in paired helical filaments (PHF). NFT pathology is important since it correlates with the degree of cognitive impairment in AD. Only a small proportion of AD is due to genetic variants, whereas the large majority of cases (~99%) is late onset and sporadic in origin. The cause of sporadic AD is likely to be multifactorial, with external factors interacting with biological or genetic susceptibilities to accelerate the manifestation of the disease. Insulin dysfunction, manifested by diabetes mellitus (DM) might be such factor, as there is extensive data from epidemiological studies suggesting that DM is associated with an increased relative risk for AD. Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are known to affect multiple cognitive functions in patients. In this context, understanding the effects of diabetes on Tau pathogenesis is important since Tau pathology show a strong relationship to dementia in AD, and to memory loss in normal aging and mild cognitive impairment. Here, we reviewed preclinical studies that link insulin dysfunction to Tau protein pathogenesis, one of the major pathological hallmarks of AD. We found more than 30 studies reporting Tau phosphorylation in a mouse or rat model of insulin dysfunction. We also payed attention to potential sources of artifacts, such as hypothermia and anesthesia, that were demonstrated to results in Tau hyperphosphorylation and could major confounding experimental factors. We found that very few studies reported the temperature of the animals, and only a handful did not use anesthesia. Overall, most published studies showed that insulin dysfunction can promote Tau hyperphosphorylation and pathology, both directly and indirectly, through hypothermia. PMID:24574966

El Khoury, Noura B.; Gratuze, Maud; Papon, Marie-Amelie; Bretteville, Alexis; Planel, Emmanuel

2013-01-01

171

Searches for the decays B0-->l±tau-\\/+ and B+-->l+nu (l=e, mu) using hadronic tag reconstruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present searches for the leptonic decays B+-->l+nu and the lepton flavor violating decays B0-->l±tau-\\/+, where l=e, mu, with data collected by the BABAR experiment at SLAC. This search demonstrates a novel technique in which we fully reconstruct the accompanying Bmacr in Upsilon(4S)-->B Bmacr events, and look for a monoenergetic lepton from the signal B decay. The signal yield is

B. Aubert; M. Bona; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; N. Soni; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; A. R. Buzykaev; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; C. Campagnari; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; D. A. Doll; B. Echenard; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; R. Ayad; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; J. Firmino da Costa; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; M. Klemetti; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; G. Castelli; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni; C. Angelini; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; M. Carpinelli; R. Cenci; A. Cervelli; F. Forti; M. A. Giorgi; A. Lusiani; G. Marchiori

2008-01-01

172

Improved Limits on Lepton-Flavor-Violating tau Decays to l phi , l rho , lK^{*}, and lK[over -bar]^{*}  

E-print Network

We search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor-violating tau decays ?[over-bar]??[over-bar]V[superscript 0], where ? is an electron or muon and V[superscript 0] is a vector meson reconstructed as ??K[superscript +]K[superscript ...

Fisher, Peter H.

173

The role of tau in neurodegeneration  

PubMed Central

Since the identification of tau as the main component of neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease and related tauopathies, and the discovery that mutations in the tau gene cause frontotemporal dementia, much effort has been directed towards determining how the aggregation of tau into fibrillar inclusions causes neuronal death. As evidence emerges that tau-mediated neuronal death can occur even in the absence of tangle formation, a growing number of studies are focusing on understanding how abnormalities in tau (e.g. aberrant phosphorylation, glycosylation or truncation) confer toxicity. Though data obtained from experimental models of tauopathies strongly support the involvement of pathologically modified tau and tau aggregates in neurodegeneration, the exact neurotoxic species remain unclear, as do the mechanism(s) by which they cause neuronal death. Nonetheless, it is believed that tau-mediated neurodegeneration is likely to result from a combination of toxic gains of function as well as from the loss of normal tau function. To truly appreciate the detrimental consequences of aberrant tau function, a better understanding of all functions carried out by tau, including but not limited to the role of tau in microtubule assembly and stabilization, is required. This review will summarize what is currently known regarding the involvement of tau in the initiation and development of neurodegeneration in tauopathies, and will also highlight some of the remaining questions in need of further investigation. PMID:19284597

Gendron, Tania F; Petrucelli, Leonard

2009-01-01

174

Search for neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs in pp collisions at ?s=7 TeV.  

PubMed

A search for neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) Higgs bosons in pp collisions at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The results are based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36??pb(-1) recorded by the CMS experiment. The search uses decays of the Higgs bosons to tau pairs. No excess is observed in the tau-pair invariant-mass spectrum. The resulting upper limits on the Higgs boson production cross section times branching fraction to tau pairs, as a function of the pseudoscalar Higgs boson mass, yield stringent new bounds in the MSSM parameter space. PMID:21770497

Chatrchyan, S; Khachatryan, V; Sirunyan, A M; Tumasyan, A; Adam, W; Bergauer, T; Dragicevic, M; Erö, J; Fabjan, C; Friedl, M; Frühwirth, R; Ghete, V M; Hammer, J; Hänsel, S; Hoch, M; Hörmann, N; Hrubec, J; Jeitler, M; Kasieczka, G; Kiesenhofer, W; Krammer, M; Liko, D; Mikulec, I; Pernicka, M; Rohringer, H; Schöfbeck, R; Strauss, J; Teischinger, F; Wagner, P; Waltenberger, W; Walzel, G; Widl, E; Wulz, C-E; Mossolov, V; Shumeiko, N; Suarez Gonzalez, J; Benucci, L; De Wolf, E A; Janssen, X; Maes, T; Mucibello, L; Ochesanu, S; Roland, B; Rougny, R; Selvaggi, M; Van Haevermaet, H; Van Mechelen, P; Van Remortel, N; Blekman, F; Blyweert, S; D'Hondt, J; Devroede, O; Gonzalez Suarez, R; Kalogeropoulos, A; Maes, J; Maes, M; Van Doninck, W; Van Mulders, P; Van Onsem, G P; Villella, I; Charaf, O; Clerbaux, B; De Lentdecker, G; Dero, V; Gay, A P R; Hammad, G H; Hreus, T; Marage, P E; Thomas, L; Vander Velde, C; Vanlaer, P; Adler, V; Cimmino, A; Costantini, S; Grunewald, M; Klein, B; Lellouch, J; Marinov, A; McCartin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Thyssen, F; Tytgat, M; Vanelderen, L; Verwilligen, P; Walsh, S; Zaganidis, N; Basegmez, S; Bruno, G; Caudron, J; Ceard, L; Cortina Gil, E; De Favereau De Jeneret, J; Delaere, C; Favart, D; Giammanco, A; Grégoire, G; Hollar, J; Lemaitre, V; Liao, J; Militaru, O; Ovyn, S; Pagano, D; Pin, A; Piotrzkowski, K; Schul, N; Beliy, N; Caebergs, T; Daubie, E; Alves, G A; Damiao, D De Jesus; Pol, M E; Souza, M H G; Carvalho, W; Da Costa, E M; Martins, C De Oliveira; De Souza, S Fonseca; Mundim, L; Nogima, H; Oguri, V; Da Silva, W L Prado; Santoro, A; Do Amaral, S M Silva; Sznajder, A; De Araujo, F Torres Da Silva; Dias, F A; Tomei, T R Fernandez Perez; Gregores, E M; Lagana, C; Marinho, F; Mercadante, P G; Novaes, S F; Padula, Sandra S; Darmenov, N; Dimitrov, L; Genchev, V; Iaydjiev, P; Piperov, S; Rodozov, M; Stoykova, S; Sultanov, G; Tcholakov, V; Trayanov, R; Vankov, I; Dimitrov, A; Hadjiiska, R; Karadzhinova, A; Kozhuharov, V; Litov, L; Mateev, M; Pavlov, B; Petkov, P; Bian, J G; Chen, G M; Chen, H S; Jiang, C H; Liang, D; Liang, S; Meng, X; Tao, J; Wang, J; Wang, J; Wang, X; Wang, Z; Xiao, H; Xu, M; Zang, J; Zhang, Z; Ban, Y; Guo, S; Guo, Y; Li, W; Mao, Y; Qian, S J; Teng, H; Zhang, L; Zhu, B; Zou, W; Cabrera, A; Moreno, B Gomez; Rios, A A Ocampo; Oliveros, A F Osorio; Sanabria, J C; Godinovic, N; Lelas, D; Lelas, K; Plestina, R; Polic, D; Puljak, I; Antunovic, Z; Dzelalija, M; Brigljevic, V; Duric, S; Kadija, K; Morovic, S; Attikis, A; Galanti, M; Mousa, J; Nicolaou, C; Ptochos, F; Razis, P A; Finger, M; Finger, M; Assran, Y; Khalil, S; Mahmoud, M A; Hektor, A; Kadastik, M; Müntel, M; Raidal, M; Rebane, L; Azzolini, V; Eerola, P; Fedi, G; Czellar, S; Härkönen, J; Heikkinen, A; Karimäki, V; Kinnunen, R; Kortelainen, M J; Lampén, T; Lassila-Perini, K; Lehti, S; Lindén, T; Luukka, P; Mäenpää, T; Tuominen, E; Tuominiemi, J; Tuovinen, E; Ungaro, D; Wendland, L; Banzuzi, K; Korpela, A; Tuuva, T; Sillou, D; Besancon, M; Choudhury, S; Dejardin, M; Denegri, D; Fabbro, B; Faure, J L; Ferri, F; Ganjour, S; Gentit, F X; Givernaud, A; Gras, P; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Jarry, P; Locci, E; Malcles, J; Marionneau, M; Millischer, L; Rander, J; Rosowsky, A; Shreyber, I; Titov, M; Verrecchia, P; Baffioni, S; Beaudette, F; Benhabib, L; Bianchini, L; Bluj, M; Broutin, C; Busson, P; Charlot, C; Dahms, T; Dobrzynski, L; Elgammal, S; de Cassagnac, R Granier; Haguenauer, M; Miné, P; Mironov, C; Ochando, C; Paganini, P; Sabes, D; Salerno, R; Sirois, Y; Thiebaux, C; Wyslouch, B; Zabi, A; Agram, J-L; Andrea, J; Bloch, D; Bodin, D; Brom, J-M; Cardaci, M; Chabert, E C; Collard, C; Conte, E; Drouhin, F; Ferro, C; Fontaine, J-C; Gelé, D; Goerlach, U; Greder, S; Juillot, P; Karim, M; Le Bihan, A-C; Mikami, Y; Van Hove, P; Fassi, F; Mercier, D; Baty, C; Beauceron, S; Beaupere, N; Bedjidian, M; Bondu, O; Boudoul, G; Boumediene, D; Brun, H; Chierici, R; Contardo, D; Depasse, P; El Mamouni, H; Fay, J; Gascon, S; Ille, B; Kurca, T; Le Grand, T; Lethuillier, M; Mirabito, L; Perries, S; Sordini, V; Tosi, S; Tschudi, Y; Verdier, P; Lomidze, D; Anagnostou, G; Edelhoff, M; Feld, L; Heracleous, N; Hindrichs, O; Jussen, R; Klein, K; Merz, J; Mohr, N; Ostapchuk, A; Perieanu, A; Raupach, F; Sammet, J; Schael, S; Sprenger, D; Weber, H; Weber, M; Wittmer, B; Ata, M; Bender, W; Dietz-Laursonn, E; Erdmann, M; Frangenheim, J; Hebbeker, T; Hinzmann, A; Hoepfner, K; Klimkovich, T; Klingebiel, D; Kreuzer, P; Lanske, D; Magass, C; Merschmeyer, M; Meyer, A; Papacz, P; Pieta, H; Reithler, H; Schmitz, S A; Sonnenschein, L; Steggemann, J; Teyssier, D; Tonutti, M; Bontenackels, M; Davids, M; Duda, M; Flügge, G; Geenen, H; Giffels, M; Ahmad, W Haj; Heydhausen, D; Kress, T; Kuessel, Y; Linn, A; Nowack, A; Perchalla, L; Pooth, O; Rennefeld, J; Sauerland, P; Stahl, A; Thomas, M; Tornier, D; Zoeller, M H

2011-06-10

175

Modulation of Tau Dysfunction In Vitro  

E-print Network

The microtubule associated protein tau is a causative factor in a class of neurodegenerative diseases termed tauopathies. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent tauopathy. In AD, natively unfolded, tau becomes ...

Voss, Kellen Ranero

2011-05-31

176

Tau Splicing and the Intricacies of Dementia  

PubMed Central

Tau is a microtubule associated protein that fulfills several functions critical for neuronal formation and health. Tau discharges its functions by producing multiple isoforms via regulated alternative splicing. These isoforms modulate tau function in normal brain by altering the domains of the protein, thereby influencing its localization, conformation and post-translational modifications and hence its availability and affinity for microtubules and other ligands. Disturbances in tau expression result in disruption of the neuronal cytoskeleton and formation of tau structures (neurofibrillary tangles) found in brains of dementia sufferers. More specifically, aberrations in tau splicing regulation directly cause several neurodegenerative diseases which lead to dementia. In this review, I present our cumulative knowledge of tau splicing regulation in connection with neurodegeneration and also briefly go over the still-extensive list of questions that are connected to tau (dys)function. PMID:21604267

Andreadis, Athena

2011-01-01

177

Alzheimer disease hyperphosphorylated tau aggregates hydrophobically.  

PubMed

The chemical interaction that condenses the hyperphosphorylated protein tau in Alzheimer's disease (AD P-tau) into neurofibrillary tangles and cripples synaptic transmission remains unknown. Only beta-sheet, positive ion salt bridges between phosphates, and hydrophobic association can create tangles of just AD P-tau. We have correlated transmission electron microscope (TEM) images of tau aggregation with different percentages of beta-sheet in aqueous suspensions of tau while using buffers that block dispositive or tripositive ionic bridges between intermolecular phosphates. Circular dichroism (CD) studies were performed at different temperatures from 5-85 degrees C using AD P-tau, AD P-tau dephosphorylated with hydrofluoric acid (HF AD P-tau) or alkaline phosphatase (AP AD P-tau), and recombinant human tau with 3-repeats and two amino terminal inserts (R-39) and using bovine tau (B tau) isolated without heat or acid treatment. Secondary structure was estimated from CD spectra at 5 degrees C using the Lincomb algorithm. Each preparation except one demonstrated an inverse temperature transition, Ti, in the CD at 197 nm. No correlation was found between beta-sheet content and aggregation, leaving only hydrophobic interaction as the remaining possibility. Thirteen of 21 possible phosphorylation sites in AD P-tau lie adjacent to positive residues in tau's primary structure. Occupation of five to nine phosphate sites on AD P-tau appears sufficient to reduce or neutralize tau's basic character. AD P-tau's hydrophobic character is indicated by its low inverse temperature transition, Ti. The Ti for AD P-tau was 24.5 degrees C or 28 degrees C, whereas for B tau with three phosphates it was 32 degrees C, for unphosphorylated tau R-39 it was 38 degrees C, and for dephosphorylated HF AD P-tau it was 37.5 degrees C. The hydrophobic protein elastin and its analogs coalesce and precipitate at their Ti of 24-29 degrees C, well below body temperature. We hypothesize that AD P-tau causes tangle accumulation by this mechanism. PMID:9329157

Ruben, G C; Ciardelli, T L; Grundke-Iqbal, I; Iqbal, K

1997-11-01

178

Tau binds ATP and induces its aggregation.  

PubMed

Tau is a microtubule-associated protein mainly found in neurons. The protein is associated with process of microtubule assembly, which plays an important role in intracellular transport and cell structure of the neuron. Tauopathies are a group of neurodegenerative diseases specifically associated with tau abnormalities. While a well-defined mechanism remains unknown, most facts point to tau as a prominent culprit in neurodegeneration. In most cases of Tauopathies, aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau have been found. Two proposals are present when discussing tau toxicity, one being the aggregation of tau proteins and the other points toward a conformational change within the protein. Previous work we carried out showed tau hyperphosphorylation promotes tau to behave abnormally resulting in microtubule assembly disruption as well as a breakdown in tau self-assembly. We found that tau's N-terminal region has a putative site for ATP/GTP binding. In this paper we demonstrate that tau is able to bind ATP and not GTP, that this binding induces tau self-assembly into filaments. At 1 mM ATP the filaments are 4-7 nm in width, whereas at 10 mM ATP the filaments appeared to establish lateral interaction, bundling and twisting, forming filaments that resembled the Paired Helical Filaments (PHF) isolated from Alzheimer disease brain. ATP-induced self-assembly is not energy dependent because the nonhydrolysable analogue of the ATP induces the same assembly. PMID:24258797

Farid, Mina; Corbo, Christopher P; Alonso, Alejandra Del C

2014-02-01

179

Tau protein pathology in neurodegenerative diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abundant tau-positive neurofibrillary lesions constitute a defining neuropathological characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. Filamentous tau pathology is also central to a number of other dementing disorders, such as Pick's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration and familial frontotemporal dementia and Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). The discovery of mutations in the tau gene in FTDP-17 has firmly established the relevance

Maria Grazia Spillantini; Michel Goedert

1998-01-01

180

Increased misfolding and truncation of tau in APP/PS1/tau transgenic mice compared to mutant tau mice.  

PubMed

Neurofibrillary degeneration in transgenic models of tauopathies has been observed to be enhanced when these models are crossed with transgenic models developing an A? pathology. The mechanisms leading to this enhanced tau pathology are not well understood. We have performed a detailed analysis of tau misprocessing in a new transgenic mouse model combining APP, PS1 and tau mutations (5xFAD×Tg30 mice) by comparison with littermates expressing only a FTD mutant tau (Tg30 mice). These 5xFAD×Tg30 mice showed a more severe deficient motor phenotype than Tg30 mice and developed with age a dramatically accelerated NFT load in the brain compared to Tg30 mice. Insoluble tau in 5xFAD×Tg30 mice compared to insoluble tau in Tg30 mice showed increased phosphorylation, enhanced misfolding and truncation changes mimicking more closely the post-translational changes characteristic of PHF-tau in Alzheimer's disease. Endogenous wild-type mouse tau was recruited at much higher levels in insoluble tau in 5xFAD×Tg30 than in Tg30 mice. Extracellular amyloid load, A?40 and A?42, ?-CTFs and ?-CTF phosphorylation levels were lower in 5xFAD×Tg30 mice than in 5xFAD mice. Despite this reduction of A?, a significant hippocampal neuronal loss was observed in 5xFAD×Tg30 but not in 5xFAD mice indicating its closer association with increased tau pathology. This 5xFAD×Tg30 model thus mimics more faithfully tau pathology and neuronal loss observed in AD and suggests that additional post-translational changes in tau and self-recruitment of endogenous tau drive the enhanced tau pathology developing in the presence of A? pathology. PMID:24076100

Héraud, Céline; Goufak, Doris; Ando, Kunie; Leroy, Karelle; Suain, Valérie; Yilmaz, Zehra; De Decker, Robert; Authelet, Michèle; Laporte, Vincent; Octave, Jean-Noël; Brion, Jean-Pierre

2014-02-01

181

Measurements of the tau mass and the mass difference of the tau+ and tau- at BABAR  

E-print Network

We present the result from a precision measurement of the mass of the tau lepton, M?, based on 423??fb[subscript -1] of data recorded at the ?(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector. Using a pseudomass endpoint method, we ...

Fisher, Peter H.

182

Measurement of the Tau- to F1(1285) Pi- Nu/Tau Branching Fraction And a Search for Second-Class Currents in Tau to Eta-Prime(958) Pi- Nu/Tau  

SciTech Connect

The {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{pi}+{pi}{sup -}{nu}{tau} decay with the {eta} {yields} {gamma}{gamma} mode is studied using 384 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the BaBar detector. The branching fraction is measured to be (1.60 {+-} 0.05 {+-} 0.11) x 10{sup -4}. It is found that {tau}{sup -} {yields} f1(1285){pi}{sup -}{nu}{tau} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{pi}+{pi}{sup -}{nu}{tau} is the dominant decay mode with a branching fraction of (1.11 {+-} 0.06 {+-} 0.05) x 10{sup -4}. The first error is statistical and the second systematic. In addition, a 90% confidence level upper limit on the branching fraction of the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{prime}(958){pi}{sup -}{nu}{tau} decay is measured to be 7.2 x 10{sup -6}. This last decay proceeds through a second-class current and is expected to be forbidden in the limit of isospin symmetry.

Alwyn, K.E.; /Manchester U.

2011-12-01

183

Branching fractions of tau leptons to three charged hadrons  

E-print Network

From electron-positron collision data collected with the CLEO detector operating at Cornell Electron Storage Ring near roots=10.6 GeV, improved measurements of the branching fractions for tau decays into three explicitly ...

Besson, David Zeke; Zhao, X.

2003-05-01

184

Precision tau physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Precise measurements of the lepton properties provide stringent tests of the Standard Model and accurate determinations of its parameters. We overview the present status of ? physics, highlighting the most recent developments, and discuss the prospects for future improvements. The leptonic decays of the ? lepton probe the structure of the weak currents and the universality of their couplings to the W boson. The universality of the leptonic Z couplings has also been tested through Z??+?- decays. The hadronic ? decay modes constitute an ideal tool for studying low-energy effects of the strong interaction in very clean conditions. Accurate determinations of the QCD coupling and the Cabibbo mixing V have been obtained with ? data. The large mass of the ? opens the possibility to study many kinematically-allowed exclusive decay modes and extract relevant dynamical information. Violations of flavour and CP conservation laws can also be searched for with ? decays. Related subjects such as ? decays, the electron and muon anomalous magnetic moments, neutrino mixing and B-meson decays into ? leptons are briefly covered. Being one the fermions most strongly coupled to the scalar sector, the ? lepton is playing now a very important role at the LHC as a tool to test the Higgs properties and search for new physics at higher scales.

Pich, Antonio

2014-03-01

185

Extracellular Monomeric Tau Protein Is Sufficient to Initiate the Spread of Tau Protein Pathology*  

PubMed Central

Understanding the formation and propagation of aggregates of the Alzheimer disease-associated Tau protein in vivo is vital for the development of therapeutics for this devastating disorder. Using our recently developed live-cell aggregation sensor in neuron-like cells, we demonstrate that different variants of exogenous monomeric Tau, namely full-length Tau (hTau40) and the Tau-derived construct K18 comprising the repeat domain, initially accumulate in endosomal compartments, where they form fibrillar seeds that subsequently induce the aggregation of endogenous Tau. Using superresolution imaging, we confirm that fibrils consisting of endogenous and exogenous Tau are released from cells and demonstrate their potential to spread Tau pathology. Our data indicate a greater pathological risk and potential toxicity than hitherto suspected for extracellular soluble Tau. PMID:24235150

Michel, Claire H.; Kumar, Satish; Pinotsi, Dorothea; Tunnacliffe, Alan; St. George-Hyslop, Peter; Mandelkow, Eckhard; Mandelkow, Eva-Maria; Kaminski, Clemens F.; Kaminski Schierle, Gabriele S.

2014-01-01

186

Precision Measurement of the Mass of the $\\tau$ Lepton  

E-print Network

An energy scan near the $\\tau$ pair production threshold has been performed using the BESIII detector. About $24$ pb$^{-1}$ of data, distributed over four scan points, was collected. This analysis is based on $\\tau$ pair decays to $ee$, $e\\mu$, $eh$, $\\mu\\mu$, $\\mu h$, $hh$, $e\\rho$, $\\mu\\rho$ and $\\pi\\rho$ final states, where $h$ denotes a charged $\\pi$ or $K$. The mass of the $\\tau$ lepton is measured from a maximum likelihood fit to the $\\tau$ pair production cross section data to be $m_{\\tau} = (1776.91\\pm0.12 ^{+0.10}_{-0.13}$) MeV/$c^2$, which is currently the most precise value in a single measurement.

Ablikim, M; Ai, X C; Albayrak, O; Albrecht, M; Ambrose, D J; An, F F; An, Q; Bai, J Z; Ferroli, R Baldini; Ban, Y; Bennett, J V; Bertani, M; Bian, J M; Boger, E; Bondarenko, O; Boyko, I; Braun, S; Briere, R A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, X K; Chu, Y P; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; Ding, W M; Ding, Y; Dong, C; Dong, J; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Fan, J Z; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fang, Y; Fava, L; Feng, C Q; Fu, C D; Fuks, O; Gao, Q; Gao, Y; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, T; Guo, Y P; Guo, Y P; Han, Y L; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, M; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, C; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Huang, G M; Huang, G S; Huang, H P; Huang, J S; Huang, L; Huang, X T; Huang, Y; Hussain, T; Ji, C S; Ji, Q; Ji, Q P; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, L W; Jiang, X S; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Johansson, T; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, X L; Kang, X S; Kavatsyuk, M; Kloss, B; Kopf, B; Kornicer, M; Kuehn, W; Kupsc, A; Lai, W; Lange, J S; Lara, M; Larin, P; Leyhe, M; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, K; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, P R; Li, Q J; Li, T; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Lin, D X; Liu, B J; Liu, C L; Liu, C X; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J P; Liu, K; Liu, K Y; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lou, X C; Lu, G R; Lu, H J; Lu, H L; Lu, J G; Lu, X R; Lu, Y; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, Q M; Ma, S; Ma, T; Ma, X Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Malik, Q A; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Mo, Y J; Moeini, H; Morales, C Morales; Moriya, K; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, X Y; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Q., N; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, L Q; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Redmer, C F; Ripka, M; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Sarantsev, A; Schoenning, K; Schumann, S; Shan, W; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Shepherd, M R; Song, W M; Song, X Y; Spataro, S; Spruck, B; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Toth, D; Ullrich, M; Uman, I; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, D; Wang, D Y; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Q J; Wang, S G; Wang, W; Wang, X F; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z H; Wang, Z Y; Wei, D H; Wei, J B; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, S P; Werner, M; Wiedner, U; Wolke, M; Wu, L H; Wu, N; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xia, Y; Xiao, D; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, L; Xu, Q J; Xu, Q N; Xu, X P; Xue, Z; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, W C; Yan, Y H; Yang, H X; Yang, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, H W; Yu, J S; Yu, S P; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zang, S L; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C B; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J J; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X J; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Z H; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, J W; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, X H; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhou, L; Zhou, Li; Zhou, X; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhou, X Y; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, X L; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

2014-01-01

187

Seeding of normal Tau by pathological Tau conformers drives pathogenesis of Alzheimer-like tangles.  

PubMed

Neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in Alzheimer disease and related tauopathies are composed of insoluble hyperphosphorylated Tau protein, but the mechanisms underlying the conversion of highly soluble Tau into insoluble NFTs remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that introduction of minute quantities of misfolded preformed Tau fibrils (Tau pffs) into Tau-expressing cells rapidly recruit large amounts of soluble Tau into filamentous inclusions resembling NFTs with unprecedented efficiency, suggesting a "seeding"-recruitment process as a highly plausible mechanism underlying NFT formation in vivo. Consistent with the emerging concept of prion-like transmissibility of disease-causing amyloidogenic proteins, we found that spontaneous uptake of Tau pffs into cells is likely mediated by endocytosis, suggesting a potential mechanism for the propagation of Tau lesions in tauopathy brains. Furthermore, sequestration of soluble Tau by pff-induced Tau aggregates attenuates microtubule overstabilization in Tau-expressing cells, supporting the hypothesis of a Tau loss-of-function toxicity in cells harboring NFTs. In summary, our study establishes a cellular system that robustly develops authentic NFT-like Tau aggregates, which provides mechanistic insights into NFT pathogenesis and a potential tool for identifying Tau-based therapeutics. PMID:21372138

Guo, Jing L; Lee, Virginia M-Y

2011-04-29

188

Searches for the Decays B0 to l+- tau-+ and B+ to l+ nu(L=e,mu) using Hadronic Tag Reconstruction  

SciTech Connect

We present searches for the leptonic decays B{sup +} {yields} {ell}{sup +}{nu} and the lepton flavor violating decays B{sup 0} {yields} {ell}{sup {+-}}{tau}{sup {-+}}, where {ell} = e, {mu}, with data collected by the BABAR experiment at SLAC. This search demonstrates a novel technique in which we fully reconstruct the accompanying {bar B} in {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} events, and look for a monoenergetic lepton from the signal B decay. The signal yield is extracted from a fit to the signal lepton candidate momentum distribution in the signal B rest frame. Using a data sample of approximately 378 million B{bar B} pairs (342 fb{sup -1}), we find no evidence of signal in any of the decay modes. Branching fraction upper limits of {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} e{sup +}{nu}) < 5.2 x 10{sup -6}, {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{nu}) < 5.6 x 10{sup -6}, {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} e{sup +}{tau}{sup -}) < 2.8 x 10{sup -5} and {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}) < 2.2 x 10{sup -5}, are obtained at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, Bernard; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, David Nathan; Button-Shafer, J.; Cahn, R.N.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Karlsruhe U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam; /more authors.; ,

2008-01-30

189

Electromagnetic and Weak Moments of the Tau-Lepton  

E-print Network

The electromagnetic and weak dipole moments of the Tau-lepton have been measured by experiments at e+e- colliders. Data samples of e+e- --> tau+tau-, e+e- --> tau+tau- gamma and e+e- --> e+e-tau+tau- events collected at centre-of-mass energies between 10 and 200 GeV are used. No deviation from the Standard Model is found. Limits on the moments are summarised from the most recent results.

W. Lohmann

2005-01-25

190

Search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in association with b quarks in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

We report results from a search for neutral Higgs bosons produced in association with b quarks using data recorded by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 fb-1. This production mode can be enhanced in several extensions of the standard model (SM) such as in its minimal supersymmetric extension (MSSM) at high tanß. We search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs with one tau decaying to a muon and neutrinos and the other to hadrons. The data are found to be consistent with SM expectations, and we set upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio in the Higgs boson mass range from 90 to 320 GeV/c2. We interpret our result in the MSSM parameter space, excluding tanß values down to 25 for Higgs boson masses below 170 GeV/c2.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich [Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim [Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath [Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond [Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd [Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D [Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D [St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K [Michigan U.; Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O [Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto [Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Aoki, Masato [Fermilab; Louisiana Tech. U.

2011-09-12

191

Search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in association with b quarks in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV  

We report results from a search for neutral Higgs bosons produced in association with b quarks using data recorded by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 fb-1. This production mode can be enhanced in several extensions of the standard model (SM) such as in its minimal supersymmetric extension (MSSM) at high tanß. We search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs with one tau decaying to a muon and neutrinos and the other to hadrons. The data are found to be consistent with SM expectations, and we set upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio in the Higgs boson mass range from 90 to 320 GeV/c2. We interpret our result in the MSSM parameter space, excluding tanß values down to 25 for Higgs boson masses below 170 GeV/c2.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich [Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim [Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath [Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond [Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd [Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D [Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D [St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K [Michigan U.; Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O [Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto [Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Aoki, Masato [Fermilab; Louisiana Tech. U.

2011-09-12

192

Tau Protein Diffuses along the Microtubule Lattice*  

PubMed Central

Current models for the intracellular transport of Tau protein suggest motor protein-dependent co-transport with microtubule fragments and diffusion of Tau in the cytoplasm, whereas Tau is believed to be stationary while bound to microtubules and in equilibrium with free diffusion in the cytosol. Observations that members of the microtubule-dependent kinesin family show Brownian motion along microtubules led us to hypothesize that diffusion along microtubules could also be relevant in the case of Tau. We used single-molecule total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to probe for diffusion of individual fluorescently labeled Tau molecules along microtubules. This allowed us to avoid the problem that microtubule-dependent diffusion could be masked by excess of labeled Tau in solution that might occur in in vivo overexpression experiments. We found that approximately half of the individually detected Tau molecules moved bidirectionally along microtubules over distances up to several micrometers. Diffusion parameters such as diffusion coefficient, interaction time, and scanned microtubule length did not change with Tau concentration. Tau binding and diffusion along the microtubule lattice, however, were sensitive to ionic strength and pH and drastically reduced upon enzymatic removal of the negatively charged C termini of tubulin. We propose one-dimensional Tau diffusion guided by the microtubule lattice as one possible additional mechanism for Tau distribution. By such one-dimensional microtubule lattice diffusion, Tau could be guided to both microtubule ends, i.e. the sites where Tau is needed during microtubule polymerization, independently of directed motor-dependent transport. This could be important in conditions where active transport along microtubules might be compromised. PMID:23019339

Hinrichs, Maike H.; Jalal, Avesta; Brenner, Bernhard; Mandelkow, Eckhard; Kumar, Satish; Scholz, Tim

2012-01-01

193

Measurement of the Strong Coupling Constant $\\\\alpha_s$ and the Vector and Axial-Vector Spectral Functions in Hadronic Tau Decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spectral functions of the vector current and the axial-vector current have been measured in hadronic tau decays using the OPAL detector at LEP. Within the framework of the Operator Product Expansion a simultaneous determination of the strong coupling constant alpha_s, the non-perturbative operators of dimension 6 and 8 and of the gluon condensate has been performed. Different perturbative descriptions

K Ackerstaff; Gideon Alexander; J Allison; N Altekamp; K J Anderson; S Anderson; S Arcelli; S Asai; S F Ashby; D A Axen; Georges Azuelos; A H Ball; E Barberio; R J Barlow; R Bartoldus; J Richard Batley; S Baumann; J Bechtluft; T Behnke; K W Bell; G Bella; Stanislaus Cornelius Maria Bentvelsen; Siegfried Bethke; S Betts; O Biebel; A Biguzzi; S D Bird; Volker Blobel; Ian J Bloodworth; M Bobinski; P Bock; J Böhme; M Boutemeur; S Braibant; P G Bright-Thomas; R M Brown; Helfried J Burckhart; C Burgard; R Bürgin; P Capiluppi; R K Carnegie; A A Carter; J R Carter; C Y Chang; D G Charlton; D Chrisman; C Ciocca; P E L Clarke; E Clay; I Cohen; J E Conboy; O C Cooke; C Couyoumtzelis; R L Coxe; M Cuffiani; S Dado; G M Dallavalle; R Davis; S De Jong; L A del Pozo; A de Roeck; Klaus Desch; B Dienes; M S Dixit; M Doucet; J Dubbert; E Duchovni; G Duckeck; I P Duerdoth; D Eatough; P G Estabrooks; E Etzion; H G Evans; Franco Luigi Fabbri; A Fanfani; M Fanti; A A Faust; F Fiedler; M Fierro; H M Fischer; I Fleck; R Folman; A Fürtjes; D I Futyan; P Gagnon; J W Gary; J Gascon; S M Gascon-Shotkin; C Geich-Gimbel; T Geralis; G Giacomelli; P Giacomelli; V Gibson; W R Gibson; D M Gingrich; D A Glenzinski; J Goldberg; W Gorn; C Grandi; E Gross; Jacob Grunhaus; M Gruwé; G G Hanson; M Hansroul; M Hapke; C K Hargrove; C Hartmann; M Hauschild; C M Hawkes; R Hawkings; Richard J Hemingway; M Herndon; G Herten; R D Heuer; M D Hildreth; J C Hill; S J Hillier; P R Hobson; Andreas Höcker; R James Homer; A K Honma; D Horváth; K R Hossain; R Howard; P Hüntemeyer; P Igo-Kemenes; D C Imrie; K Ishii; F R Jacob; A Jawahery; H Jeremie; Martin Paul Jimack; A Joly; C R Jones; P Jovanovic; T R Junk; D A Karlen; V G Kartvelishvili; K Kawagoe; T Kawamoto; P I Kayal; Richard K Keeler; R G Kellogg; B W Kennedy; A Klier; S Kluth; T Kobayashi; M Kobel; D S Koetke; T P Kokott; M Kolrep; S Komamiya; R V Kowalewski; T Kress; P Krieger; J Von Krogh; P Kyberd; G D Lafferty; D Lanske; J Lauber; S R Lautenschlager; I Lawson; J G Layter; D Lazic; A M Lee; E Lefebvre; Daniel Lellouch; J Letts; L Levinson; R Liebisch; B List; C Littlewood; A W Lloyd; S L Lloyd; F K Loebinger; G D Long; Michael J Losty; J Ludwig; D Liu; A Macchiolo; A L MacPherson; M Mannelli; S Marcellini; C Markopoulos; A J Martin; J P Martin; G Martínez; T Mashimo; P Mättig; W J McDonald; J A McKenna; E A McKigney; T J McMahon; R A McPherson; F Meijers; S Menke; F S Merritt; H Mes; J Meyer; Aldo Michelini; S Mihara; G Mikenberg; D J Miller; R Mir; W Mohr; A Montanari; T Mori; K Nagai; I Nakamura; H A Neal; B Nellen; R Nisius; S W O'Neale; F G Oakham; F Odorici; H O Ögren; M J Oreglia; S Orito; J Pálinkás; G Pásztor; J R Pater; G N Patrick; J Patt; R Pérez-Ochoa; S Petzold; P Pfeifenschneider; J E Pilcher; James L Pinfold; D E Plane; P R Poffenberger; B Poli; J Polok; M B Przybycien; C Rembser; Hartmut Rick; S Robertson; S A Robins; N L Rodning; J M Roney; K Roscoe; A M Rossi; Y Rozen; K Runge; O Runólfsson; D R Rust; K Sachs; T Saeki; O Sahr; W M Sang; E Sarkisyan-Grinbaum; C Sbarra; A D Schaile; O Schaile; F Scharf; P Scharff-Hansen; J Schieck; B Schmitt; S Schmitt; A Schöning; T Schörner-Sadenius; M Schröder; M Schumacher; C Schwick; W G Scott; R Seuster; T G Shears; B C Shen; C H Shepherd-Themistocleous; P Sherwood; G P Siroli; A Sittler; A Skuja; A M Smith; G A Snow; Randall J Sobie; S Söldner-Rembold; M Sproston; A Stahl; K Stephens; J Steuerer; K Stoll; D Strom; R Ströhmer; R Tafirout; S D Talbot; S Tanaka; P Taras; S Tarem; R Teuscher; M Thiergen; M A Thomson; E Von Törne; E Torrence; S Towers; I Trigger; Z L Trócsányi; E Tsur; A S Turcot; M F Turner-Watson; R Van Kooten; P Vannerem; M Verzocchi; P Vikas; H Voss; F Wäckerle; A Wagner; C P Ward; D R Ward; P M Watkins; A T Watson; N K Watson; P S Wells; N Wermes; J S White; G W Wilson; J A Wilson; T R Wyatt; S Yamashita; G Yekutieli; V Zacek; D Zer-Zion

1998-01-01

194

Measurement of the branching fraction for $\\tau\\to\\eta K\  

SciTech Connect

The authors report on analyses of tau lepton decays {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}, with {eta} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}, using 470 fb{sup -1} of data from the BABAR experiment at PEP-II, collected at center-of-mass energies at and near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. They measure the branching fraction for the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} decay mode, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.42 {+-} 0.11(stat) {+-} 0.07(syst)) x 10{sup -4}, and report a 95% confidence level upper limit for the second-class current process {tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) < 9.9 x 10{sup -5}.

del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-08-12

195

Alzheimer brain-derived tau oligomers propagate pathology from endogenous tau  

PubMed Central

Intracerebral injection of brain extracts containing amyloid or tau aggregates in transgenic animals can induce cerebral amyloidosis and tau pathology. We extracted pure populations of tau oligomers directly from the cerebral cortex of Alzheimer disease (AD) brain. These oligomers are potent inhibitors of long term potentiation (LTP) in hippocampal brain slices and disrupt memory in wild type mice. We observed for the first time that these authentic brain-derived tau oligomers propagate abnormal tau conformation of endogenous murine tau after prolonged incubation. The conformation and hydrophobicity of tau oligomers play a critical role in the initiation and spread of tau pathology in the naïve host in a manner reminiscent of sporadic AD. PMID:23050084

Lasagna-Reeves, Cristian A.; Castillo-Carranza, Diana L.; Sengupta, Urmi; Guerrero-Munoz, Marcos J.; Kiritoshi, Takaki; Neugebauer, Volker; Jackson, George R.; Kayed, Rakez

2012-01-01

196

Evidence for a tau-neutrino mass  

SciTech Connect

In a recent experiment, the measured lifetime of the tau lepton indicates that the e - ..mu.. universality may not hold in the case of the third-generation leptons. It is shown here that the universality of weak interactions can be restored if the tau-neutrino has a non-zero mass. This results is m/sub v/tau/sub / = (160 +- 70) MeV.

Samuel, M.A.; Mendel, R.R.

1988-03-01

197

Anomalous magnetic moment of the. tau. lepton  

SciTech Connect

We evaluate the magnetic moment {mu}={ital ge}{h bar}/2{ital m}{sub {tau}}{ital c} of the {tau} lepton. This is interesting from a purely theoretical point of view, although an experimental measurement, though difficult, may be possible in the future. Our result, including strong- and weak-interaction contributions, which are large, is {ital a}{sub {tau}}=({ital g}{minus}2)/2=11 773(3){times}10{sup {minus}7}.

Samuel, M.A.; Li, G. (Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK (USA)); Mendel, R. (Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada (CA))

1991-08-05

198

A measurement of the tau Michel parameters at SLD  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents a measurement of the tau Michel parameters. This measurement utilizes the highly polarized SLC electron beam to extract these quantities directly from the measured tau decay spectra using the 1993--95 SLD sample of 4,528 tau pair events. The results are {rho}{sup e} = 0.71 {+-} 0.14 {+-} 0.05, {xi}{sup e} = 1.16 {+-} 0.52 {+-} 0.06, and ({xi}{delta}){sup e} = 0.85 {+-} 0.43 {+-} 0.08 for tau decays to electrons and {rho}{sup {mu}} = 0.54 {+-} 0.28 {sup {minus}} 0.14, {eta}{sup {mu}} = {minus}0.59 {+-} 0.82 {+-} 0.45, {xi}{sup {mu}} = 0.75 {+-} 0.50 {+-} 0.14, and ({xi}{delta}){sup {mu}} = 0.82 {+-} 0.32 {+-} 0.07 for tau decays to muons. Combining all leptonic tau decays gives {rho} = 0.72 {+-} 0.09 {+-} 0.03, {xi} = 1.05 {+-} 0.35 {+-} 0.04, and {Xi}{delta} = 0.88 {+-} 0.27 {+-} 0.04. These results agree well with the current world average and the Standard Model.

Quigley, J.

1997-05-01

199

Searching for tau neutrinos with Cherenkov telescopes  

E-print Network

Cherenkov telescopes have the capability of detecting high energy tau neutrinos in the energy range of 1--1000 PeV by searching for very inclined showers. If a tau lepton, produced by a tau neutrino, escapes from the Earth or a mountain, it will decay and initiate a shower in the air which can be detected by an air shower fluorescence or Cherenkov telescope. In this paper, we present detailed Monte Carlo simulations of corresponding event rates for the VERITAS and two proposed Cherenkov Telescope Array sites: Meteor Crater and Yavapai Ranch, which use representative AGN neutrino flux models and take into account topographic conditions of the detector sites. The calculated neutrino sensitivities depend on the observation time and the shape of the energy spectrum, but in some cases are comparable or even better than corresponding neutrino sensitivities of the IceCube detector. For VERITAS and the considered Cherenkov Telescope Array sites the expected neutrino sensitivities are up to factor 3 higher than for th...

Gora, D; Kappes, A

2014-01-01

200

Tau protein is cross-linked by transglutaminase in P301L tau transgenic mice.  

PubMed

The microtubule-associated protein tau is highly soluble under physiological conditions. However, in tauopathies, tau protein aggregates into insoluble filaments and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). The mechanisms underlying the formation of tau filaments and NFTs in tauopathies remain unclear. Several lines of evidence suggest that transglutaminase may cross-link tau into stable, insoluble aggregates, leading to the formation of NFTs in Alzheimer's disease and progressive supranuclear palsy. To further determine the contribution of transglutaminase in the formation of NFTs, we compared the levels of cross-linked tau protein from P301L tau transgenic mice that develop NFTs to four-repeat wild-type (4RWT) tau transgenic and nontransgenic mice that do not develop NFT pathology. Immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting experiments show that transglutaminase cross-links phosphorylated tau in the hindbrain of P301L tau transgenic mice but not in mice overexpressing 4RWT tau and nontransgenic mice. Cross-linked, phosphorylated tau from P301L tau transgenic mice runs as high-molecular mass aggregates on Western blots, similar to cross-linked tau from paired helical filaments of Alzheimer's disease. We also used double-label immunofluorescence to demonstrate colocalization of PHF-1-immunoreactive tau and the transglutaminase-catalyzed cross-link in the hindbrain, spinal cord, and cortex of P301L tau transgenic mice. In the spinal cord, 87% of PHF-1-labeled cells colocalize with the transglutaminase-catalyzed cross-link. Additionally, transglutaminase enzymatic activity is significantly elevated in the spinal cord of P301L tau transgenic mice. These studies further implicate transglutaminase in the formation and/or stabilization of NFT and paired helical filaments and provide a model system to investigate the therapeutic potential of transglutaminase inhibitors in tauopathies. PMID:15689560

Halverson, Robyn A; Lewis, Jada; Frausto, Shanti; Hutton, Mike; Muma, Nancy A

2005-02-01

201

The Microjet of AA Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The microjet of AA Tau A.W. Cox (Atholton High School, Columbia MD), G.M. Hilton (SSAI and GSFC), G.M. Williger (JHU and U. Louisville), C.A. Grady (Eureka Scientific and GSFC) B.Woodgate (NASA's GSFC) AA Tau is a classical T Tauri star with a spatially resolved disk viewed at approximately 70 degrees from pole-on. Photo-polarimetric variability of the star has been interpreted as being caused by the stellar magnetic field being inclined at 30 degrees with respect to the stellar rotation axis, producing a warp in the inner disk. Under these conditions, any jet should be less collimated than typical of T Tauri microjets, and should show signs of the jet axis precessing around the stellar rotation axis. When compared with the microjets imaged in the HST/STIS coronagraphic imaging survey, the AA Tau jet has an opening half-angle of approximately 10-15 degrees rather than the 3-5 degrees typical of the other T Tauri stars which have been coronagraphically imaged by HST/STIS. Using the HST data with ultra-narrowband imagery and long slit spectroscopy obtained with the Goddard Fabry-Perot and the Dual Imaging Spectrograph at the Apache Point Observatory 3.5m telescope, we derive the jet inclination, knot ejection epochs, and ejection frequency. We also compare the jet opening angle with model predictions. Apache Point Observatory observations with the Goddard Fabry-Perot were made through a grant of Director's Discretionary Time. Apache Point Observatory is operated by the Astrophysical Research Consortium. The GFP was supported under NASA RTOP 51-188-01-22 to GSFC. Grady is supported under NASA contract NNH05CD30C to Eureka Scientific.

Cox, A. W.; Hilton, G. M.; Williger, G. M.; Grady, C. A.; Woodgate, B.

2005-12-01

202

Search for neutral Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV  

SciTech Connect

A search for the production of neutral Higgs bosons {Phi} decaying into {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} final states in p{bar p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV is presented. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 325 pb{sup -1}, were collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Since no excess compared to the expectation from standard model processes is found, limits on the production cross section times branching ratio are set. The results are combined with those obtained from the D0 search for {Phi}b({bar b}) {yields} b{bar b}b({bar b}) and are interpreted in the minimal supersymmetric standard model.

Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B.S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Agelou, M.; Agram, J.-L.; Ahn, S.H.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Buenos Aires U. /Rio de

2006-05-01

203

Tau-neutrino mass limit  

E-print Network

sec- tion for center-of-mass energies in the ~ mass region have been reported by Cosme et al. In these data there is a thresholdlike behavior near 1.5 GeV/c . Our observed 6m. events all cluster above 1.6 GeV/c . Using a linear fit to 2882 BRIEF... articles is followed, and page proofs are sent to authors. Tau-neutrino mass limit S. Abachi, P. Baringer, B. G. Bylsma, R. De Bonte, D. Koltick, F. J. Loeffler, E. H. Low, R. L. McIlwain, D. H. Miller, C. R. Ng, L. K. Rangan, and E. I. Shibata Purdue...

Baringer, Philip S.

1987-05-01

204

Tau Beta Pi: Brain Ticklers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tau Beta Pi is a national honor society for engineering students, and its quarterly Brain Ticklers online feature is a true challenge aimed at motivated individuals. In each issue, five standard questions and two bonus questions are given, which are intended to exercise peoples' problem solving skills. The problems are generally straightforward and easy to understand, but they can be extremely perplexing to solve. People who attempt the problems are encouraged to submit their answers for possible recognition in the following issue. Answers to the previous issue's problems are included when new issues are published.

205

Cellular tau pathology and immunohistochemical study of tau isoforms in sporadic tauopathies.  

PubMed

Pathological inclusions in neurons and glial cells containing fibrillary aggregates of abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau protein are characteristic features in sporadic tauopathies. In the first part of this paper we outline the morphological features of some major sporadic tauopathies. In the second part, to better define the tau isoform composition, we report on the immunohistochemistry of tau isoforms in autopsied brains, including two cases with AD, two with diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcification, four with Pick's disease with Pick bodies (PiD), seven with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), six with corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and seven cases with argyrophilic grain disease. We used two monoclonal antibodies, RD3 and RD4, and a polyclonal antibody for exon 10 that effectively distinguish between three-repeat (3R) tau and four-repeat (4R) tau. Neuronal neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) in AD and diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcification contained both 3R-tau and 4R-tau. The Pick bodies were immunopositive for 3R-tau in two cases; however, in two other cases they were mainly immunopositive for 4R-tau. Thus, Pick bodies demonstrated heterogeneity. 3R-tau PiD contained 3R-tau glial inclusions, and 4R-tau PiD contained mainly 4R-tau glial inclusions. Glial inclusions were more abundant in 4R-tau PiD cases. In progressive supranuclear palsy and CBD, both neuronal and glial tau accumulation forming NFF, pretangles, tuft-shaped astrocytes, astrocytic plaques, coiled bodies and threads demonstrated 4R-tau in the cerebral cortices, although in the basal ganglia and brainstem neuronal and glial inclusions were occasionally immunopositive for 3R-tau in addition to 4R-tau. Argyrophilic grains (AG) were immunopositive for 4R-tau, although pretangles were weakly stained for 4R-tau. Thus the immunoreactivity for 4R-tau was different between AG and pretangles. Therefore, the isoform composition on immunohistochemical study showed heterogeneity in PiD, and was not uniform in the basal ganglia and brain stem in PSP and CBD. It is suggested that the isoform composition of sporadic tauopathies may have a spectrum in individual cases, and cellular isoform composition may differ in various brain regions. PMID:17080726

Yoshida, Mari

2006-10-01

206

Observation of nu_tau appearance in the CNGS beam with the OPERA experiment  

E-print Network

The OPERA experiment is searching for nu_mu -> nu_tau oscillations in appearance mode i.e. via the direct detection of tau leptons in nu_tau charged current interactions. The evidence of nu_mu -> nu_tau appearance has been previously reported with three nu_tau candidate events using a sub-sample of data from the 2008-2012 runs. We report here a fourth nu_tau candidate event, with the tau decaying into a hadron, found after adding the 2012 run events without any muon in the final state to the data sample. Given the number of analysed events and the low background, nu_mu -> nu_tau oscillations are established with a significance of 4.2sigma.

OPERA Collaboration; N. Agafonova; A. Aleksandrov; A. Anokhina; S. Aoki; A. Ariga; T. Ariga; T. Asada; D. Bender; A. Bertolin; C. Bozza; R. Brugnera; A. Buonaura; S. Buontempo; B. Buttne; M. Chernyavsky; A. Chukanov; L. Consiglio; N. D'Ambrosio; G. De Lellis; M. De Serio; P. Del Amo Sanchez; A. Di Crescenzo; D. Di Ferdinando; N. Di Marco; S. Dmitrievski; M. Dracos; D. Duchesneau; S. Dusini; T. Dzhatdoev; J. Ebert; A. Ereditato; R. A. Fini; T. Fukuda; G. Galati; A. Garfagnini; G. Giacomelli; C. Goellnitz; J. Goldberg; Y. Gornushkin; G. Grella; M. Guler; C. Gustavino; C. Hagner; T. Hara; T. Hayakawa; A. Hollnagel; B. Hosseini; H. Ishida; K. Ishiguro; K. Jakovcic; C. Jollet; C. Kamiscioglu; M. Kamiscioglu; T. Katsuragawa; J. Kawada; H. Kawahara; J. H. Kim; S. H. Kim; N. Kitagawa; B. Klicek; K. Kodama; M. Komatsu; U. Kose; I. Kreslo; A. Lauria; J. Lenkeit; A. Ljubicic; A. Longhin; P. Loverre; M. Malenica; A. Malgin; G. Mandrioli; T. Matsuo; V. Matveev; N. Mauri; E. Medinaceli; A. Meregaglia; M. Meyer; S. Mikado; M. Miyanishi; P. Monacelli; M. C. Montesi; K. Morishima; M. T. Muciaccia; N. Naganawa; T. Naka; M. Nakamura; T. Nakano; Y. Nakatsuka; K. Niwa; S. Ogawa; N. Okateva; A. Olshevsky; T. Omura; K. Ozaki; A. Paoloni; B. D. Park; I. G. Park; L. Pasqualini; A. Pastore; L. Patrizii; H. Pessard; C. Pistillo; D. Podgrudkov; N. Polukhina; M. Pozzato; F. Pupilli; M. Roda; T. Roganova; H. Rokujo; G. Rosa; O. Ryazhskaya; O. Sato; A. Schembri; I. Shakiryanova; T. Shchedrina; A. Sheshukov; H. Shibuya; T. Shiraishi; G. Shoziyoev; S. Simone; M. Sioli; C. Sirignano; G. Sirri; M. Spinetti; L. Stanco; N. Starkov; S. M. Stellacci; M. Stipcevic; P. Strolin; S. Takahashi; M. Tenti; F. Terranova; V. Tioukov; S. Tufanli; A. Umemoto; P. Vilain; M. Vladimirov; L. Votano; J. L. Vuilleumier; G. Wilquet; B. Wonsak; C. S. Yoon; I. Yaguchi; M. Yoshimoto; S. Zemskova; A. Zghiche

2014-07-13

207

Observation of nu_tau appearance in the CNGS beam with the OPERA experiment  

E-print Network

The OPERA experiment is searching for nu_mu -> nu_tau oscillations in appearance mode i.e. via the direct detection of tau leptons in nu_tau charged current interactions. The evidence of nu_mu -> nu_tau appearance has been previously reported with three nu_tau candidate events using a sub-sample of data from the 2008-2012 runs. We report here a fourth nu_tau candidate event, with the tau decaying into a hadron, found after adding the 2012 run events without any muon in the final state to the data sample. Given the number of analysed events and the low background, nu_mu -> nu_tau oscillations are established with a significance of 4.2sigma.

Agafonova, N; Anokhina, A; Aoki, S; Ariga, A; Ariga, T; Asada, T; Bender, D; Bertolin, A; Bozza, C; Brugnera, R; Buonaura, A; Buontempo, S; Buttne, B; Chernyavsky, M; Chukanov, A; Consiglio, L; D'Ambrosio, N; De Lellis, G; De Serio, M; Sanchez, P Del Amo; Di Crescenzo, A; Di Ferdinando, D; Di Marco, N; Dmitrievski, S; Dracos, M; Duchesneau, D; Dusini, S; Dzhatdoev, T; Ebert, J; Ereditato, A; Fini, R A; Fukuda, T; Galati, G; Garfagnini, A; Giacomelli, G; Goellnitz, C; Goldberg, J; Gornushkin, Y; Grella, G; Guler, M; Gustavino, C; Hagner, C; Hara, T; Hayakawa, T; Hollnagel, A; Hosseini, B; Ishida, H; Ishiguro, K; Jakovcic, K; Jollet, C; Kamiscioglu, C; Kamiscioglu, M; Katsuragawa, T; Kawada, J; Kawahara, H; Kim, J H; Kim, S H; Kitagawa, N; Klicek, B; Kodama, K; Komatsu, M; Kose, U; Kreslo, I; Lauria, A; Lenkeit, J; Ljubicic, A; Longhin, A; Loverre, P; Malenica, M; Malgin, A; Mandrioli, G; Matsuo, T; Matveev, V; Mauri, N; Medinaceli, E; Meregaglia, A; Meyer, M; Mikado, S; Miyanishi, M; Monacelli, P; Montesi, M C; Morishima, K; Muciaccia, M T; Naganawa, N; Naka, T; Nakamura, M; Nakano, T; Nakatsuka, Y; Niwa, K; Ogawa, S; Okateva, N; Olshevsky, A; Omura, T; Ozaki, K; Paoloni, A; Park, B D; Park, I G; Pasqualini, L; Pastore, A; Patrizii, L; Pessard, H; Pistillo, C; Podgrudkov, D; Polukhina, N; Pozzato, M; Pupilli, F; Roda, M; Roganova, T; Rokujo, H; Rosa, G; Ryazhskaya, O; Sato, O; Schembri, A; Shakiryanova, I; Shchedrina, T; Sheshukov, A; Shibuya, H; Shiraishi, T; Shoziyoev, G; Simone, S; Sioli, M; Sirignano, C; Sirri, G; Spinetti, M; Stanco, L; Starkov, N; Stellacci, S M; Stipcevic, M; Strolin, P; Takahashi, S; Tenti, M; Terranova, F; Tioukov, V; Tufanli, S; Umemoto, A; Vilain, P; Vladimirov, M; Votano, L; Vuilleumier, J L; Wilquet, G; Wonsak, B; Yoon, C S; Yaguchi, I; Yoshimoto, M; Zemskova, S; Zghiche, A

2014-01-01

208

Observation of tau neutrino appearance in the CNGS beam with the OPERA experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The OPERA experiment is searching for ? _? rArr ? _tau oscillations in appearance mode, i.e., via the direct detection of tau leptons in ? _tau charged-current interactions. The evidence of ? _? rArr ? _tau appearance has been previously reported with three ? _tau candidate events using a sub-sample of data from the 2008-2012 runs. We report here a fourth ? _tau candidate event, with the tau decaying into a hadron, found after adding the 2012 run events without any muon in the final state to the data sample. Given the number of analyzed events and the low background, ? _? rArr ? _tau oscillations are established with a significance of 4.2?.

Opera Collaboration; Agafonova, N.; Aleksandrov, A.; Anokhina, A.; Aoki, S.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Asada, T.; Bender, D.; Bertolin, A.; Bozza, C.; Brugnera, R.; Buonaura, A.; Buontempo, S.; Büttner, B.; Chernyavsky, M.; Chukanov, A.; Consiglio, L.; D'Ambrosio, N.; de Lellis, G.; de Serio, M.; Del Amo Sanchez, P.; di Crescenzo, A.; di Ferdinando, D.; di Marco, N.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dracos, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Dusini, S.; Dzhatdoev, T.; Ebert, J.; Ereditato, A.; Fini, R. A.; Fukuda, T.; Galati, G.; Garfagnini, A.; Giacomelli, G.; Goellnitz, C.; Goldberg, J.; Gornushkin, Y.; Grella, G.; Guler, M.; Gustavino, C.; Hagner, C.; Hara, T.; Hayakawa, T.; Hollnagel, A.; Hosseini, B.; Ishida, H.; Ishiguro, K.; Jakovcic, K.; Jollet, C.; Kamiscioglu, C.; Kamiscioglu, M.; Katsuragawa, T.; Kawada, J.; Kawahara, H.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, S. H.; Kitagawa, N.; Klicek, B.; Kodama, K.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Kreslo, I.; Lauria, A.; Lenkeit, J.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, A.; Loverre, P.; Malenica, M.; Malgin, A.; Mandrioli, G.; Matsuo, T.; Matveev, V.; Mauri, N.; Medinaceli, E.; Meregaglia, A.; Meyer, M.; Mikado, S.; Miyanishi, M.; Monacelli, P.; Montesi, M. C.; Morishima, K.; Muciaccia, M. T.; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Nakatsuka, Y.; Niwa, K.; Ogawa, S.; Okateva, N.; Olshevsky, A.; Omura, T.; Ozaki, K.; Paoloni, A.; Park, B. D.; Park, I. G.; Pasqualini, L.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pessard, H.; Pistillo, C.; Podgrudkov, D.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pupilli, F.; Roda, M.; Roganova, T.; Rokujo, H.; Rosa, G.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Sato, O.; Schembri, A.; Shakiryanova, I.; Shchedrina, T.; Sheshukov, A.; Shibuya, H.; Shiraishi, T.; Shoziyoev, G.; Simone, S.; Sioli, M.; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stellacci, S. M.; Stipcevic, M.; Strolin, P.; Takahashi, S.; Tenti, M.; Terranova, F.; Tioukov, V.; Tufanli, S.; Umemoto, A.; Vilain, P.; Vladimirov, M.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J. L.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Yoon, C. S.; Yaguchi, I.; Yoshimoto, M.; Zemskova, S.; Zghiche, A.

2014-10-01

209

Searches for Lepton Flavor Violation in the Decays tau[superscript ±]-->e[superscript ±]gamma and tau[superscript ±]-->mu[superscript ±]gamma  

E-print Network

Searches for lepton-flavor-violating decays of a ? lepton to a lighter mass lepton and a photon have been performed with the entire data set of (963±7)×10[superscript 6]?? decays collected by the BABAR detector near the ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

210

Hadronic structure in the decay ?--->???-?0?0 and the sign of the tau neutrino helicity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on a sample corresponding to 4.3×106 produced ?-pair events, we have studied hadronic dynamics in the decay ?--->???-?0?0 in data recorded by the CLEO II detector operating at the CESR e+e- collider. The decay is dominated by the process ?--->??a-1(1260), with the a-1 meson decaying to three pions predominantly via the lowest dimensional (mainly S-wave) ?-?0 Born amplitude. From model-dependent fits to the Dalitz plot and angular observables in bins of 3? mass, we find significant additional contributions from amplitudes for a1 decay to ??, f0(1370)?, and f2(1270)?, as well as higher dimensional a1-->?? and ?'? amplitudes. Notably, the squared ?? amplitude accounts for approximately 15% of the total ?--->???-?0?0 rate in the models considered. The data are well described using couplings to these amplitudes that are independent of the 3? mass. These amplitudes also provide a good description for the ?--->???-?+?- Dalitz plot distributions. We have searched for additional contributions from ?--->???'-(1300). We place 90% confidence level upper limits on the branching fraction for this channel of between 1.0×10-4 and 1.9×10-4, depending on the ?' decay mode considered. The ?-?0?0 mass spectrum is parametrized by a Breit-Wigner form with a mass-dependent width which is specified according to the results of the Dalitz plot fits plus an unknown coupling to an a1-->K*K amplitude. From a ?2 fit using this parametrization, we extract the pole mass and width of the a1, as well as the magnitude of the K*K coupling. We have also investigated the impact of a possible contribution from the a'1(1700) meson on this spectrum. Finally, exploiting the parity-violating angular asymmetry in a1-->3? decay, we determine the signed value of the ? neutrino helicity to be h??=-1.02+/-0.13 (stat)+/-0.03 (syst+model), confirming the left-handedness of the ? neutrino.

Asner, D. M.; Eppich, A.; Gronberg, J.; Hill, T. S.; Lange, D. J.; Morrison, R. J.; Nelson, H. N.; Nelson, T. K.; Roberts, D.; Behrens, B. H.; Ford, W. T.; Gritsan, A.; Krieg, H.; Roy, J.; Smith, J. G.; Alexander, J. P.; Baker, R.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B. E.; Berkelman, K.; Boisvert, V.; Cassel, D. G.; Crowcroft, D. S.; Dickson, M.; von Dombrowski, S.; Drell, P. S.; Ecklund, K. M.; Ehrlich, R.; Foland, A. D.; Gaidarev, P.; Galik, R. S.; Gibbons, L.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S. W.; Hartill, D. L.; Heltsley, B. K.; Hopman, P. I.; Kreinick, D. L.; Lee, T.; Liu, Y.; Meyer, T. O.; Mistry, N. B.; Ng, C. R.; Nordberg, E.; Ogg, M.; Patterson, J. R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Soffer, A.; Thayer, J. G.; Thies, P. G.; Valant-Spaight, B.; Warburton, A.; Ward, C.; Athanas, M.; Avery, P.; Jones, C. D.; Lohner, M.; Prescot, C.; Rubiera, A. I.; Yelton, J.; Zheng, J.; Brandenburg, G.; Briere, R. A.; Ershov, A.; Gao, Y. S.; Kim, D. Y.-J.; Wilson, R.; Browder, T. E.; Li, Y.; Rodriguez, J. L.; Yamamoto, H.; Bergfeld, T.; Eisenstein, B. I.; Ernst, J.; Gladding, G. E.; Gollin, G. D.; Hans, R. M.; Johnson, E.; Karliner, I.; Marsh, M. A.; Palmer, M.; Plager, C.; Sedlack, C.; Selen, M.; Thaler, J. L.; Williams, J.; Edwards, K. W.; Bellerive, A.; Janicek, R.; Patel, P. M.; Sadoff, A. J.; Ammar, R.; Baringer, P.; Bean, A.; Besson, D.; Coppage, D.; Davis, R.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, N.; Zhao, X.; Zhou, L.; Anderson, S.; Kubota, Y.; Lee, S. J.; Mahapatra, R.; O'neill, J. J.; Poling, R.; Riehle, T.; Smith, A.; Alam, M. S.; Athar, S. B.; Ling, Z.; Mahmood, A. H.; Timm, S.; Wappler, F.; Anastassov, A.; Duboscq, J. E.; Gan, K. K.; Gwon, C.; Hart, T.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lorenc, J.; Schwarthoff, H.; Wolf, A.; Zoeller, M. M.; Richichi, S. J.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Undrus, A.; Bishai, M.; Chen, S.; Fast, J.; Hinson, J. W.; Lee, J.; Menon, N.; Miller, D. H.; Shibata, E. I.; Shipsey, I. P.; Glenn, S.; Kwon, Y.; Lyon, A. L.; Thorndike, E. H.; Jessop, C. P.; Lingel, K.; Marsiske, H.; Perl, M. L.; Savinov, V.; Ugolini, D.; Zhou, X.; Coan, T. E.; Fadeyev, V.; Korolkov, I.; Maravin, Y.; Narsky, I.; Stroynowski, R.; Ye, J.; Wlodek, T.; Artuso, M.; Ayad, S.; Dambasuren, E.; Kopp, S.; Majumder, G.; Moneti, G. C.; Mountain, R.; Schuh, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Titov, A.; Viehhauser, G.; Wang, J. C.; Csorna, S. E.; McLean, K. W.; Marka, S.; Xu, Z.; Godang, R.; Kinoshita, K.; Lai, I. C.; Pomianowski, P.; Schrenk, S.; Bonvicini, G.; Cinabro, D.; Greene, R.; Perera, L. P.; Zhou, G. J.; Chan, S.; Eigen, G.; Lipeles, E.; Schmidtler, M.; Shapiro, A.; Sun, W. M.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A. J.; Würthwein, F.; Jaffe, D. E.; Masek, G.; Paar, H. P.; Potter, E. M.; Prell, S.; Sharma, V.

2000-01-01

211

A Measurement of the Michel Parameters in Leptonic Decays of the Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have measured the spectral shape Michel parameters ? and ? using leptonic decays of the ?, recorded by the CLEO II detector. Assuming e-? universality in the vectorlike couplings, we find ?e? = 0.735+/-0.013+/-0.008 and ?e? = -0.015+/-0.061+/-0.062, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. We also present measurements for the parameters for e and ? final states separately.

Ammar, R.; Baringer, P.; Bean, A.; Besson, D.; Coppage, D.; Darling, C.; Davis, R.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, N.; Anderson, S.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; O'Neill, J. J.; Patton, S.; Poling, R.; Riehle, T.; Savinov, V.; Smith, A.; Alam, M. S.; Athar, S. B.; Ling, Z.; Mahmood, A. H.; Severini, H.; Timm, S.; Wappler, F.; Anastassov, A.; Blinov, S.; Duboscq, J. E.; Fujino, D.; Fulton, R.; Gan, K. K.; Hart, T.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Spencer, M. B.; Sung, M.; Undrus, A.; Wanke, R.; Wolf, A.; Zoeller, M. M.; Nemati, B.; Richichi, S. J.; Ross, W. R.; Skubic, P.; Wood, M.; Bishai, M.; Fast, J.; Gerndt, E.; Hinson, J. W.; Menon, N.; Miller, D. H.; Shibata, E. I.; Shipsey, I. P.; Yurko, M.; Gibbons, L.; Johnson, S. D.; Kwon, Y.; Roberts, S.; Thorndike, E. H.; Jessop, C. P.; Lingel, K.; Marsiske, H.; Perl, M. L.; Schaffner, S. F.; Ugolini, D.; Wang, R.; Zhou, X.; Coan, T. E.; Fadeyev, V.; Korolkov, I.; Maravin, Y.; Narsky, I.; Shelkov, V.; Staeck, J.; Stroynowski, R.; Volobouev, I.; Ye, J.; Artuso, M.; Efimov, A.; Frasconi, F.; Gao, M.; Goldberg, M.; He, D.; Kopp, S.; Moneti, G. C.; Mountain, R.; Mukhin, Y.; Schuh, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Viehhauser, G.; Xing, X.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S. E.; Jain, V.; Marka, S.; Freyberger, A.; Gibaut, D.; Godang, R.; Kinoshita, K.; Lai, I. C.; Pomianowski, P.; Schrenk, S.; Bonvicini, G.; Cinabro, D.; Greene, R.; Perera, L. P.; Barish, B.; Chadha, M.; Chan, S.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J. S.; O'Grady, C.; Schmidtler, M.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A. J.; Würthwein, F.; Asner, D. M.; Bliss, D. W.; Brower, W. S.; Masek, G.; Paar, H. P.; Gronberg, J.; Kutschke, R.; Lange, D. J.; Menary, S.; Morrison, R. J.; Nakanishi, S.; Nelson, H. N.; Nelson, T. K.; Qiao, C.; Richman, J. D.; Roberts, D.; Ryd, A.; Tajima, H.; Witherell, M. S.; Balest, R.; Behrens, B. H.; Cho, K.; Ford, W. T.; Park, H.; Rankin, P.; Roy, J.; Smith, J. G.; Alexander, J. P.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B. E.; Berkelman, K.; Bloom, K.; Cassel, D. G.; Cho, H. A.; Coffman, D. M.; Crowcroft, D. S.; Dickson, M.; Drell, P. S.; Ecklund, K. M.; Ehrlich, R.; Elia, R.; Foland, A. D.; Gaidarev, P.; Galik, R. S.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S. W.; Hartill, D. L.; Heltsley, B. K.; Hopman, P. I.; Jones, S. L.; Kandaswamy, J.; Katayama, N.; Kim, P. C.; Kreinick, D. L.; Lee, T.; Liu, Y.; Ludwig, G. S.; Masui, J.; Mevissen, J.; Mistry, N. B.; Ng, C. R.; Nordberg, E.; Ogg, M.; Patterson, J. R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Soffer, A.; Ward, C.; Athanas, M.; Avery, P.; Jones, C. D.; Lohner, M.; Prescott, C.; Yang, S.; Yelton, J.; Zheng, J.; Brandenburg, G.; Briere, R. A.; Gao, Y. S.; Kim, D. Y.-J.; Wilson, R.; Yamamoto, H.; Browder, T. E.; Li, F.; Li, Y.; Rodriguez, J. L.; Bergfeld, T.; Eisenstein, B. I.; Ernst, J.; Gladding, G. E.; Gollin, G. D.; Hans, R. M.; Johnson, E.; Karliner, I.; Marsh, M. A.; Palmer, M.; Selen, M.; Thaler, J. J.; Edwards, K. W.; Bellerive, A.; Janicek, R.; Macfarlane, D. B.; McLean, K. W.; Patel, P. M.; Sadoff, A. J.

1997-06-01

212

Study of tau decays to four-hadron final states with kaons  

E-print Network

, 6 H. Muramatsu, W. Park, 7 J. B. Thayer, 7 E. H. Thorndike, 7 T. E. Coan, 8 Y. S. Gao, 8 F. Liu, 8 R. Stroynowski, 8 M. 9 S. Blusk, 9 J. Butt, 9 E. Dambasuren, 9 O. Dorjkhaidav, 9 J. Li, 9 N. Menaa, 9 R. Mountain, , 9 R. Redjimi, 9 R. Sia, 9 T...Study of .0028 Decays to Four-Hadron Final States with Kaons K. Arms, 1 K. . Savinov, 3 Z. Li, 4 A. 5 I. P. J. Shipse 7 C. S. Park, 7 Artuso, 9 C. Boulahouache, 9 R. Nandakumar vicini, 11 PRL 94, 241802 (2005) PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS week ending 24...

Besson, David Zeke

2005-06-01

213

Tau neutrinos underground: Signals of {nu}{sub {mu}}{yields}{nu}{sub {tau}} oscillations with extragalactic neutrinos  

SciTech Connect

The appearance of high energy tau neutrinos due to {nu}{sub {mu}}{yields}{nu}{sub {tau}} oscillations of extragalactic neutrinos can be observed by measuring the neutrino induced upward hadronic and electromagnetic showers and upward muons. We evaluate quantitatively the tau neutrino regeneration in the Earth for a variety of extragalactic neutrino fluxes. Charged-current interactions of the upward tau neutrinos below and in the detector, and the subsequent tau decay, create muons or hadronic and electromagnetic showers. The background for these events are muon neutrino and electron neutrino charged-current and neutral-current interactions, where in addition to extragalactic neutrinos, we consider atmospheric neutrinos. We find significant signal to background ratios for the hadronic combined with electromagnetic showers with energies above 10--100 TeV initiated by the extragalactic neutrinos. We show that the tau neutrinos from point sources also have the potential for discovery above a 1 TeV threshold. A kilometer-size neutrino telescope has a very good chance of detecting the appearance of tau neutrinos when both muon and hadronic combined with electromagnetic showers are detected.

Dutta, Sharada Iyer; Reno, Mary Hall; Sarcevic, Ina

2000-12-15

214

Specific binding of intravenous immunoglobulin products to tau peptide fragments.  

PubMed

The effects of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) products are being evaluated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. IVIG contains antibodies to tau protein, the main constituent of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Tau has microtubule binding domain (MBD) repeats which are thought to be necessary for its aggregation, a key process in NFT formation. Tau's N-terminal region may also contribute to its aggregation and to the neurotoxicity of its soluble oligomers. This study examined the specific binding of IVIG products Gammagard, Gamunex, and Flebogamma to a tau N-terminal fragment (tau 45-73), tau's four MBD repeat sequences (tau 244-274, 275-305, 306-336, and 337-368), and a tau C-terminal fragment (tau 422-441). Mean antibody levels to tau 45-73 and tau 422-441 were significantly higher in Gamunex than in Gammagard and Flebogamma, while there were no significant differences between IVIG products for antibody concentrations to the MBD repeat sequences. Patterns of binding to tau fragments differed between IVIG products. Gammagard's highest binding was to tau 275-305 and tau 306-336 while Gamunex bound preferentially to tau 45-73 and tau 422-441. Flebogamma's binding to tau 275-305 and tau 306-336 was greater than to tau 337-368, and its binding to tau 306-336 was also higher than to tau 422-441. These findings indicate that IVIG products vary with respect to their binding to different regions of tau. This could result in differences with regard to their ability to prevent tau's aggregation and/or tau soluble oligomer neurotoxicity. PMID:24859060

Smith, Lynnae M; Coffey, Mary P; Loeffler, David A

2014-08-01

215

Age-dependent induction of congophilic neurofibrillary tau inclusions in tau transgenic mice.  

PubMed

Intraneuronal filamentous tau inclusions such as neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) are neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related sporadic and familial tauopathies. NFTs identical to those found in AD brains have also been detected in the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex of cognitively normal individuals as they age. To recapitulate age-induced NFT formation in a mouse model, we examined 12- to 24-month-old transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing the smallest human brain tau isoform. These Tg mice develop congophilic tau inclusions in several brain regions including the hippocampus, amygdala, and entorhinal cortex. NFT-like inclusions were first detected in Tg mice at 18 to 20 months of age and they were detected by histochemical dyes that bind specifically to crossed beta-pleated sheet structures (eg, Congo red, Thioflavin S). Moreover, ultrastructurally these lesions contained straight tau filaments comprised of both mouse and human tau proteins but not other cytoskeletal proteins (eg, neurofilaments, microtubules). Isolated tau filaments were also recovered from detergent-insoluble tau fractions and insoluble tau proteins accumulated in brain in an age-dependent manner. Thus, overexpression of the smallest human brain tau isoform resulted in late onset and age-dependent formation of congophilic tau inclusions with properties similar to those in the tangles of human tauopathies, thereby implicating aging in the pathogenesis of fibrous tau inclusions. PMID:11159192

Ishihara, T; Zhang, B; Higuchi, M; Yoshiyama, Y; Trojanowski, J Q; Lee, V M

2001-02-01

216

An Unbiased Approach to Identifying Tau Kinases That Phosphorylate Tau at Sites Associated with Alzheimer Disease  

PubMed Central

Neurofibrillary tangles, one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD), are composed of paired helical filaments of abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau. The accumulation of these proteinaceous aggregates in AD correlates with synaptic loss and severity of dementia. Identifying the kinases involved in the pathological phosphorylation of tau may identify novel targets for AD. We used an unbiased approach to study the effect of 352 human kinases on their ability to phosphorylate tau at epitopes associated with AD. The kinases were overexpressed together with the longest form of human tau in human neuroblastoma cells. Levels of total and phosphorylated tau (epitopes Ser(P)-202, Thr(P)-231, Ser(P)-235, and Ser(P)-396/404) were measured in cell lysates using AlphaScreen assays. GSK3?, GSK3?, and MAPK13 were found to be the most active tau kinases, phosphorylating tau at all four epitopes. We further dissected the effects of GSK3? and GSK3? using pharmacological and genetic tools in hTau primary cortical neurons. Pathway analysis of the kinases identified in the screen suggested mechanisms for regulation of total tau levels and tau phosphorylation; for example, kinases that affect total tau levels do so by inhibition or activation of translation. A network fishing approach with the kinase hits identified other key molecules putatively involved in tau phosphorylation pathways, including the G-protein signaling through the Ras family of GTPases (MAPK family) pathway. The findings identify novel tau kinases and novel pathways that may be relevant for AD and other tauopathies. PMID:23798682

Cavallini, Annalisa; Brewerton, Suzanne; Bell, Amanda; Sargent, Samantha; Glover, Sarah; Hardy, Clare; Moore, Roger; Calley, John; Ramachandran, Devaki; Poidinger, Michael; Karran, Eric; Davies, Peter; Hutton, Michael; Szekeres, Philip; Bose, Suchira

2013-01-01

217

Simulated Cytoskeletal Collapse via Tau Degradation  

PubMed Central

We present a coarse-grained two dimensional mechanical model for the microtubule-tau bundles in neuronal axons in which we remove taus, as can happen in various neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimers disease, tauopathies, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Our simplified model includes (i) taus modeled as entropic springs between microtubules, (ii) removal of taus from the bundles due to phosphorylation, and (iii) a possible depletion force between microtubules due to these dissociated phosphorylated taus. We equilibrate upon tau removal using steepest descent relaxation. In the absence of the depletion force, the transverse rigidity to radial compression of the bundles falls to zero at about 60% tau occupancy, in agreement with standard percolation theory results. However, with the attractive depletion force, spring removal leads to a first order collapse of the bundles over a wide range of tau occupancies for physiologically realizable conditions. While our simplest calculations assume a constant concentration of microtubule intercalants to mediate the depletion force, including a dependence that is linear in the detached taus yields the same collapse. Applying percolation theory to removal of taus at microtubule tips, which are likely to be the protective sites against dynamic instability, we argue that the microtubule instability can only obtain at low tau occupancy, from 0.06–0.30 depending upon the tau coordination at the microtubule tips. Hence, the collapse we discover is likely to be more robust over a wide range of tau occupancies than the dynamic instability. We suggest in vitro tests of our predicted collapse. PMID:25162587

Sendek, Austin; Fuller, Henry R.; Hayre, N. Robert; Singh, Rajiv R. P.; Cox, Daniel L.

2014-01-01

218

Proteopathic tau seeding predicts tauopathy in vivo.  

PubMed

Transcellular propagation of protein aggregates, or proteopathic seeds, may drive the progression of neurodegenerative diseases in a prion-like manner. In tauopathies such as Alzheimer's disease, this model predicts that tau seeds propagate pathology through the brain via cell-cell transfer in neural networks. The critical role of tau seeding activity is untested, however. It is unknown whether seeding anticipates and correlates with subsequent development of pathology as predicted for a causal agent. One major limitation has been the lack of a robust assay to measure proteopathic seeding activity in biological specimens. We engineered an ultrasensitive, specific, and facile FRET-based flow cytometry biosensor assay based on expression of tau or synuclein fusions to CFP and YFP, and confirmed its sensitivity and specificity to tau (?300 fM) and synuclein (?300 pM) fibrils. This assay readily discriminates Alzheimer's disease vs. Huntington's disease and aged control brains. We then carried out a detailed time-course study in P301S tauopathy mice, comparing seeding activity versus histological markers of tau pathology, including MC1, AT8, PG5, and Thioflavin S. We detected robust seeding activity at 1.5 mo, >1 mo before the earliest histopathological stain. Proteopathic tau seeding is thus an early and robust marker of tauopathy, suggesting a proximal role for tau seeds in neurodegeneration. PMID:25261551

Holmes, Brandon B; Furman, Jennifer L; Mahan, Thomas E; Yamasaki, Tritia R; Mirbaha, Hilda; Eades, William C; Belaygorod, Larisa; Cairns, Nigel J; Holtzman, David M; Diamond, Marc I

2014-10-14

219

Simulated Cytoskeletal Collapse via Tau Degradation  

E-print Network

We present a coarse-grained two dimensional mechanical model for the microtubule-tau bundles in neuronal axons in which we remove taus, as can happen in various neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, tauopathies, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Our simplified model includes (i) taus modeled as entropic springs between microtubules, (ii) removal of taus from the bundles due to phosphorylation, and (iii) a possible depletion force between microtubules due to these dissociated phosphorylated taus. We equilibrate upon tau removal using steepest descent relaxation. In the absence of the depletion force, the transverse rigidity to radial compression of the bundle falls to zero at about 60% tau occupancy, in agreement with standard percolation theory results. However, with the attractive depletion force, spring removal leads to a first order collapse of the bundles over a wide range of tau occupancies for physiologically realizable conditions. While our simplest calculations assume a constant concentration of microtubule intercalants to mediate the depletion force, including a dependence that is linear in the detached taus yields the same collapse. Applying percolation theory to removal of taus at microtubule tips, which are likely to be the protective sites against dynamic instability, we argue that the microtubule instability can only obtain at low tau occupancy, from 0.06-0.30 depending upon the tau coordination at the microtubule tips. Hence, the collapse we discover is likely to be more robust over a wide range of tau occupancies than the dynamic instability. We suggest in vitro tests of our predicted collapse.

Austin Sendek; Henry R. Fuller; N. Robert Hayre; Rajiv R. P. Singh; Daniel L. Cox

2014-09-29

220

Simulation of the cosmic ray tau neutrino telescope (CRTNT) experiment  

E-print Network

A tau lepton can be produced in a charged current interaction by cosmic ray tau neutrino with material inside a mountain. If it escapes from the mountain, it will decay and initiate a shower in the air, which can be detected by an air shower fluorescence/Cherenkov light detector. Designed according to such a principle, the Cosmic Ray Tau Neutrino Telescope (CRTNT) experiment, located at the foothill of Mt. Balikun in Xinjiang, China, will search for very high-energy cosmic tau neutrinos from energetic astrophysical sources by detecting those showers. This paper describes a Monte Carlo simulation for a detection of tau neutrino events by the CRTNT experiment. Ultra-high-energy cosmic ray events are also simulated to estimate the potential contamination. With the CRTNT experiment composed of four detector stations, each covering 64 by 14 degrees field of view, the expected event rates are 28.6, 21.9 and 4.7 per year assuming AGN neutrino flux according to Semikoz et. al. 2004, MPR AGN jet model and SDSS AGN core model, respectively. Null detection of such tau event by the CRTNT experiment in one year could set 90% C.L. upper limit at 19.9 (eV^-1 cm^-2 s^-1 sr^-1) for E^-2 neutrino spectrum.

J. L. Liu; S. S. Zhang; Z. Cao; H. H. He; M. A. Huang; T. C. Liu; G. Xiao; M. Zha; B. K. Zhang; Y. X. Bai; Y. Zhang

2009-05-12

221

Exclusive Branching-Fraction Measurements of Semileptonic tau Decays into Three Charged Hadrons, into phipi-nutau, and into phiK-nutau  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 342fb-1 collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II electron-positron storage ring operating at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV, we measure B(tau--->pi-pi-pi+nutau(ex.KS0))=(8.83±0.01±0.13)%, B(tau--->K-pi-pi+nutau(ex.KS0))=(0.273±0.002±0.009)%, B(tau--->K-pi-K+nutau)=(0.1346±0.0010±0.0036)%, and B(tau--->K-K-K+nutau)=(1.58±0.13±0.12)×10-5, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. These include significant improvements over previous measurements and a first measurement of B(tau--->K-K-K+nutau) in

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; F. Couderc; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; E. Grauges; A. Palano; J. C. Chen; N. D. Qi; G. Rong; P. Wang; Y. S. Zhu; G. Eigen; I. Ofte; B. Stugu; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; E. Charles; M. S. Gill; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; M. Pripstein; N. A. Roe; M. T. Ronan; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; M. Barrett; K. E. Ford; T. J. Harrison; A. J. Hart; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Lewandowski; M. Pelizaeus; K. Peters; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; J. T. Boyd; J. P. Burke; W. N. Cottingham; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; N. S. Knecht; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; P. Kyberd; M. Saleem; D. J. Sherwood; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu Todyshev; D. S. Best; M. Bondioli; M. Bruinsma; M. Chao; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; W. Roethel; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; O. Long; B. C. Shen; K. Wang; L. Zhang; H. K. Hadavand; E. J. Hill; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; G. Nesom; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; P. Spradlin; D. C. Williams; M. G. Wilson; J. Albert; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; A. Dvoretskii; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; W. O. Ruddick; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. Chen; E. A. Eckhart; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; Q. Zeng; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; T. Brandt; V. Klose; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; G. Cibinetto; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; G. Brandenburg; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; C. L. Lee; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; W. Bhimji; D. A. Bowerman; P. D. Dauncey; U. Egede; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; M. B. Nikolich; W. Panduro Vazquez; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; N. T. Meyer; V. Ziegler; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; A. V. Gritsan; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; A. Oyanguren; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; C. A. Chavez; I. J. Forster; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; K. A. George; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; C. K. Clarke; F. di Lodovico; W. Menges; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; P. D. Jackson; T. R. McMahon; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; M. T. Naisbit; J. C. Williams; J. I. Yi; C. Chen; W. D. Hulsbergen; A. Jawahery; C. K. Lae; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; S. Saremi; H. Staengle; R. Cowan; G. Sciolla; S. J. Sekula; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; H. Kim; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; V. Lombardo; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; N. Cavallo; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; C. Gatto; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; P. Paolucci; D. Piccolo; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; D. Hufnagel; H. Kagan; R. Kass; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; R. Ter-Antonyan; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; C. T. Potter; R. Rahmat

2008-01-01

222

NMR observation of Tau in Xenopus oocytes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The observation by NMR spectroscopy of microinjected 15N-labelled proteins into Xenopus laevis oocytes might open the way to link structural and cellular biology. We show here that embedding the oocytes into a 20% Ficoll solution maintains their structural integrity over extended periods of time, allowing for the detection of nearly physiological protein concentrations. We use these novel conditions to study the neuronal Tau protein inside the oocytes. Spectral reproducibility and careful comparison of the spectra of Tau before and after cell homogenization is presented. When injecting Tau protein into immature oocytes, we show that both its microtubule association and different phosphorylation events can be detected.

Bodart, Jean-François; Wieruszeski, Jean-Michel; Amniai, Laziza; Leroy, Arnaud; Landrieu, Isabelle; Rousseau-Lescuyer, Arlette; Vilain, Jean-Pierre; Lippens, Guy

2008-06-01

223

Search for the reactions e+e- -> mu+ tau- and e+e- -> e+ tau-  

E-print Network

We report on a search for the lepton-flavor-violating processes e+e- -> mu+ tau- and e^+e^- -> e+ tau-. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 211 fb$^{-1}$ recorded by the BaBar experiment at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at a center-of-mass energy of $\\sqrt{s} = 10.58$ GeV. We find no evidence for a signal and set the 95% confidence level upper limits on the cross sections to be $\\sigma_{\\mu\\tau} <4.6$ fb and $\\sigma_{e\\tau} <10.1$ fb. The ratio of the cross sections with respect to the dimuon cross section are measured to be $\\sigma_{\\mu\\tau}/\\sigma_{\\mu\\mu} < 4.0\\times10^{-6}$ and $\\sigma_{e\\tau}/\\sigma_{\\mu\\mu} < 8.9\\times10^{-6}$.

Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Hart, A J; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Y I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Y; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Bard, D J; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H

2007-01-01

224

Tau modifiers as therapeutic targets for Alzheimer's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fibrillogenesis is a major feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases. Fibers are correlated with disease severity and they have been implicated as playing a direct role in disease pathophysiology. In studies of tau, instead of finding causality with tau fibrils, we found that tau is associated with reduction of oxidative stress. Biochemical findings show that tau oxidative

Quan Liu; Hyoung-gon Lee; Kazuhiro Honda; Sandra L. Siedlak; Peggy L. R. Harris; Adam D. Cash; Xiongwei Zhu; Jesús Avila; Akihiko Nunomura; Atsushi Takeda; Mark A. Smith; George Perry

2005-01-01

225

Seizure resistance without parkinsonism in aged mice after tau reduction.  

PubMed

Tau is an emerging target for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other conditions with epileptiform activity. Genetic tau reduction (in Tau(+/-) and Tau(-/-) mice) prevents deficits in AD models and has an excitoprotective effect, increasing resistance to seizures, without causing apparent neuronal dysfunction. However, most studies of tau reduction have been conducted in <1-year-old mice, and the effects of tau reduction in aged mice are less clear. Specifically, whether the excitoprotective effects of tau reduction persist with aging is unknown and whether tau reduction causes neuronal dysfunction, including parkinsonism, with aging is controversial. Here, we performed a comprehensive analysis of 2-year-old Tau(+/+), Tau(+/-), and Tau(-/-) mice. In aged mice, tau reduction still conferred resistance to pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures. Moreover, tau reduction did not cause parkinsonian abnormalities in dopamine levels or motor function and did not cause iron accumulation or impaired cognition, although Tau(-/-) mice had mild hyperactivity and decreased brain weight. Importantly, the excitoprotective effect in aged Tau(+/-) mice was not accompanied by detectable abnormalities, indicating that partially reducing tau or blocking its function may be a safe and effective therapeutic approach for AD and other conditions with increased excitability. PMID:24908165

Li, Zhiyong; Hall, Alicia M; Kelinske, Mark; Roberson, Erik D

2014-11-01

226

Performance of muon and tau identification at ATLAS  

E-print Network

Charged leptons play an important role in the physics programme at the Large Hadron Collider. The performance of identification of charged leptons , therefore, must be known with high precision. In 2012 the LHC is operated in a mode leading to upto 40 inelastic pp collisions per bunch crossing, so-called ``pile-up'', with an average number of 20 inelastic collisions. This contribution presents the studies of the muon and tau identification performance at the ATLAS experiment. Di-muon decays of $J/psi$ mesons and Z bosons have been used to study the muon reconstruction and identification efficiency as a function of the muon transverse momentum and the number of inelastic collisions per event. Optimal identification of hadronically decaying tau leptons is achieved by using detailed information from tracking and calorimeter detector components. Variables describing the properties of calorimeter energy deposits and track reconstruction within tau candidates are combined in multi-variate discriminants, to achieve ...

Shamim, M; The ATLAS collaboration

2012-01-01

227

Accumulation of Filamentous Tau in the Cerebral Cortex of Human Tau R406W Transgenic Mice  

PubMed Central

Missense mutations of the tau gene cause autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), an illness characterized by progressive personality changes, dementia, and parkinsonism. There is prominent frontotemporal lobe atrophy of the brain accompanied by abundant tau accumulation with neurofibrillary tangles and neuronal cell loss. Using a hamster prion protein gene expression vector, we generated several independent lines of transgenic (Tg) mice expressing the longest form of the human four-repeat tau with the R406W mutation associated with FTDP-17. The TgTauR406W 21807 line showed tau accumulation beginning in the hippocampus and amygdala at 6 months of age, which subsequently spread to the cortices and subcortical areas. The accumulated tau was phosphorylated, ubiquitinated, conformationally changed, argyrophilic, and sarcosyl-insoluble. Activation of GSK-3? and astrocytic induction of mouse tau were observed. Astrogliosis and microgliosis correlated with prominent tau accumulation. Electron microscopic examination revealed the presence of straight filaments. Behavioral tests showed motor disturbances and progressive acquired memory loss between 10 to 12 months of age. These findings suggested that TgTauR406W mice would be a useful model in the study of frontotemporal dementia and other tauopathies such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). PMID:15681835

Ikeda, Masaki; Shoji†, Mikio; Kawarai, Toshitaka; Kawarabayashi, Takeshi; Matsubara, Etsuro; Murakami, Tetsuro; Sasaki, Atsushi; Tomidokoro, Yasushi; Ikarashi, Yasushi; Kuribara, Hisashi; Ishiguro, Koichi; Hasegawa, Masato; Yen, Shu-Hui; Chishti, M. Azhar; Harigaya, Yasuo; Abe, Koji; Okamoto, Koichi; St. George-Hyslop, Peter; Westaway, David

2005-01-01

228

Tau Alternative Splicing and Frontotemporal Dementia  

PubMed Central

A number of neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by the presence of abundant deposits containing Tau protein. Expression of the human tau gene is under complex regulation. Mutations in the tau gene have been identified in patients with frontotemporal lobe dementia. These mutations affect either biochemical/biophysical properties or the delicate balance of different splicing isoforms. In this review, we summarize recent advances in our understanding of genetics and molecular pathogenesis of tauopathies with the focus on frontotemporal lobe dementia. We review published studies on tau pre-mRNA splicing regulation. Understanding molecular mechanisms of tauopathies may help in developing effective therapies for neurodegenerative tauopathies and related disorders, including Alzheimer disease. PMID:16317255

Kar, Amar; Kuo, David; He, Rongqiao; Zhou, Jiawei; Wu, Jane Y.

2007-01-01

229

Search for B ->tau nu and B -> K nu(nu)over-bar  

E-print Network

We report results of a search for B --> tau nu in a sample of 9.7 x 10(6) charged B meson decays. We exclusively reconstruct the companion B decay to suppress background. We set an upper limit on the branching fraction B(B --> tau nu) < 8.4 X 10(-4...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhao, X.

2001-04-01

230

Tau promotes neurodegeneration through global chromatin relaxation  

PubMed Central

The microtubule-associated protein tau is involved in a number of neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Previous studies link oxidative stress and subsequent DNA damage to neuronal death in AD and related tauopathies. Since DNA damage can significantly alter chromatin structure, we examined epigenetic changes in tau-induced neurodegeneration. We have found widespread loss of heterochromatin in tau transgenic Drosophila and mice, and in human AD. Importantly, genetic rescue of tau-induced heterochromatin loss substantially reduced neurodegeneration in Drosophila. We identified oxidative stress and subsequent DNA damage as a mechanistic link between transgenic tau expression and heterochromatin relaxation, and found that heterochromatin loss permits aberrant gene expression in tauopathies. Furthermore, large-scale analyses from human AD brains revealed a widespread transcriptional increase in genes that are heterochromatically silenced in controls. Our results establish heterochromatin loss as a toxic effector of tau-induced neurodegeneration, and identify chromatin structure as a potential therapeutic target in AD. PMID:24464041

Frost, Bess; Hemberg, Martin; Lewis, Jada; Feany, Mel B.

2014-01-01

231

Biochemical Distribution of Tau Protein in Synaptosomal Fraction of Transgenic Mice Expressing Human P301L Tau.  

PubMed

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive dementia that is characterized by a loss of recent memory. Evidence has accumulated to support the hypothesis that synapses are critical storage sites for memory. However, it is still uncertain whether tau protein is involved in associative memory storage and whether tau is distributed in mature brain synapses. To address this question, we examined the synaptosomal distribution of tau protein in both JNPL3 transgenic mice expressing human P301L tau and non-transgenic littermates. The JNPL3 mouse line is known as one of the mouse models of human tauopathy that develop motor and behavioral deficits with intracellular tau aggregates in the spinal cord and brainstem. The phenotype of disease progression is highly dependent on strain background. In this study, we confirmed that male JNPL3 transgenic mice with C57BL/6J strain background showed neither any sign of motor deficits nor accumulation of hyperphosphorylated tau in the sarkosyl-insoluble fraction until 18?months of age. Subcellular fractionation analysis showed that both mouse tau and human P301L tau were present in the synaptosomal fraction. Those tau proteins were less-phosphorylated than tau in the cytosolic fraction. Human P301L tau was preferentially distributed in the synaptosomal fraction while mouse endogenous tau was more distributed in the cytosolic fraction. Interestingly, a human-specific tau band with phosphorylation at Ser199 and Ser396 was observed in the synaptosomal fraction of JNPL3 mice. This tau was not identical to either tau species in cytosolic fraction or a prominent hyperphosphorylated 64?kDa tau species that was altered to tau pathology. These results suggest that exogenous human P301L tau induces synaptosomal distribution of tau protein with a certain phosphorylation. Regulating the synaptosomal tau level might be a potential target for a therapeutic intervention directed at preventing neurodegeneration. PMID:24653715

Sahara, Naruhiko; Murayama, Miyuki; Higuchi, Makoto; Suhara, Tetsuya; Takashima, Akihiko

2014-01-01

232

The future of tau physics and tau-charm detector and factory design  

SciTech Connect

Future research on the tau lepton requires large statistics, thorough investigation of systematic errors, and direct experimental knowledge of backgrounds. Only a tau-charm factory with a specially designed detector can provide all the experimental conditions to meet these requirements. This paper is a summary of three lectures delivered at the 1991 Lake Louise Winter Institute.

Perl, M.L.

1991-02-01

233

Rapamycin Attenuates the Progression of Tau Pathology in P301S Tau Transgenic Mice  

PubMed Central

Altered autophagy contributes to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease and other tauopathies, for which curative treatment options are still lacking. We have recently shown that trehalose reduces tau pathology in a tauopathy mouse model by stimulation of autophagy. Here, we studied the effect of the autophagy inducing drug rapamycin on the progression of tau pathology in P301S mutant tau transgenic mice. Rapamycin treatment resulted in a significant reduction in cortical tau tangles, less tau hyperphosphorylation, and lowered levels of insoluble tau in the forebrain. The favourable effect of rapamycin on tau pathology was paralleled by a qualitative reduction in astrogliosis. These effects were visible with early preventive or late treatment. We further noted an accumulation of the autophagy associated proteins p62 and LC3 in aged tangle bearing P301S mice that was lowered upon rapamycin treatment. Thus, rapamycin treatment defers the progression of tau pathology in a tauopathy animal model and autophagy stimulation may constitute a therapeutic approach for patients suffering from tauopathies. PMID:23667480

Ozcelik, Sefika; Fraser, Graham; Castets, Perrine; Schaeffer, Veronique; Skachokova, Zhiva; Breu, Karin; Clavaguera, Florence; Sinnreich, Michael; Kappos, Ludwig; Goedert, Michel; Tolnay, Markus; Winkler, David Theo

2013-01-01

234

Ultrahigh energy tau neutrino flux regeneration while skimming the Earth  

SciTech Connect

The detection of Earth-skimming tau neutrinos has turned into a very promising strategy for the observation of ultra-high-energy cosmic neutrinos. The sensitivity of this channel crucially depends on the parameters of the propagation of the tau neutrinos through the terrestrial crust, which governs the flux of emerging tau leptons that can be detected. One of the characteristics of this propagation is the possibility of regeneration through multiple {nu}{sub {tau}}{r_reversible}{tau} conversions, which are often neglected in the standard picture. In this paper, we solve the transport equations governing the {nu}{sub {tau}} propagation and compare the flux of emerging tau leptons obtained allowing regeneration or not. We discuss the validity of the approximation of neglecting the {nu}{sub {tau}} regeneration using different scenarios for the neutrino-nucleon cross sections and the tau energy losses.

Bigas, Oscar Blanch [LPNHE, CNRS/IN2P3 and Universite Paris VI-VIIbb, Paris (France); Deligny, Olivier [IPN, CNRS/IN2P3 and Universite Paris Sud, Orsay (France); Payet, Kevin [LPSC, Universite Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, INPG, Grenoble (France); Van Elewyck, Veronique [IPN, CNRS/IN2P3 and Universite Paris Sud, Orsay (France); AstroParticules et Cosmologie (UMR 7165) and Universite Paris 7, Paris (France)

2008-09-15

235

Amplification of tau fibrils from minute quantities of seeds.  

PubMed

The propagation of Tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is thought to proceed through templated conversion of Tau protein into fibrils and cell-to-cell transfer of elongation-competent seeds. To investigate the efficiency of Tau conversion, we adapted the protein misfolding cyclic amplification assay used for the conversion of prions. Utilizing heparin as a cofactor and employing repetitive cycles of shearing and growth, synthetic Tau fibrils and Tau fibrils in AD brain extract are progressively amplified. Concurrently, self-nucleation is suppressed. The results highlight breakage-induced replication of Tau fibrils as a potential facilitator of disease spread. PMID:25153692

Meyer, Virginia; Dinkel, Paul D; Rickman Hager, Emily; Margittai, Martin

2014-09-16

236

Search for neutral Higgs bosons of the minimal supersymmetric standard model decaying to tau pairs in pp collisions at square root of s = 1.96 TeV.  

PubMed

We present a search for neutral supersymmetric Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in pp collisions at square root of s = 1.96 TeV. The data, corresponding to 310 pb(-1) integrated luminosity, were collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab in run II of the Tevatron. No significant excess above the standard model backgrounds is observed. We set exclusion limits on the production cross section times branching fraction to tau pairs for Higgs boson masses in the range from 90 to 250 GeV/c2. PMID:16486438

Abulencia, A; Acosta, D; Adelman, J; Affolder, T; Akimoto, T; Albrow, M G; Ambrose, D; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Anikeev, K; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Aoki, M; Apollinari, G; Arguin, J-F; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Azfar, F; Azzi-Bacchetta, P; Azzurri, P; Bacchetta, N; Bachacou, H; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Baroiant, S; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Bedeschi, F; Behari, S; Belforte, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Belloni, A; Ben-Haim, E; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Berry, T; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bishai, M; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Bloom, K; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bolshov, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Bourov, S; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carron, S; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chapman, J; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, I; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Chu, P H; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Ciljak, M; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Coca, M; Connolly, A; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cooper, B; Copic, K; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Cruz, A; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cyr, D; Daronco, S; D'Auria, S; D'onofrio, M; Dagenhart, D; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lentdecker, G; Dell'Orso, M; Demers, S; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; De Pedis, D; Derwent, P F; Dionisi, C; Dittmann, J; Dituro, P; Dörr, C; Dominguez, A; Donati, S; Donega, M; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Ebina, K; Efron, J; Ehlers, J; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, I; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Flores-Castillo, L R; Foland, A; Forrester, S; Foster, G W; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Fujii, Y; Furic, I; Gajjar, A; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garcia, J E; Garcia Sciveres, M; Garfinkel, A F; Gay, C; Gerberich, H; Gerchtein, E; Gerdes, D; Giagu, S; Giannetti, P; Gibson, A; Gibson, K; Ginsburg, C; Giolo, K; Giordani, M; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Goldstein, J; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Gotra, Y; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Griffiths, M; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Haber, C; Hahn, S R; Hahn, K; Halkiadakis, E; Hamilton, A; Han, B-Y; Handler, R; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hatakeyama, K; Hauser, J; Hays, C; Hayward, H; Heijboer, A; Heinemann, B; Heinrich, J; Hennecke, M; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Holloway, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Huston, J; Ikado, K; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ishizawa, Y; Ivanov, A; Iyutin, B; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeans, D; Jensen, H; Jeon, E J; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kang, J; Karagoz-Unel, M; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kemp, Y; Kephart, R; Kerzel, U; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, M S; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kirby, M; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Klute, M; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, H; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Kordas, K; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kovalev, A; Kraus, J; Kravchenko, I; Kreps, M; Kreymer, A; Kroll, J; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kuhlmann, S E; Kusakabe, Y; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lai, S; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; Lecci, C; Lecompte, T; Lee, J; Lee, J; Lee, S W; Lefèvre, R; Leonardo, N; Leone, S; Levy, S; Lewis, J D; Li, K; Lin, C; Lin, C S; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Liss, T M; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, T; Liu, Y; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Loverre, P; Lu, R-S; Lucchesi, D; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Lytken, E; Mack, P; Macqueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Maksimovic, P; Manca, G; Margaroli, F; Marginean, R; Marino, C; Martin, A; Martin, M; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Maruyama, T; Matsunaga, H; Mattson, M E; Mazini, R; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McGivern, D; McIntyre, P; McNamara, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Menzemer, S; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Messina, A; von der Mey, M; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miles, J; Miller, R; Miller, J S; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Miquel, R; Miscetti, S; Mitselmakher, G; Miyamoto, A; Moggi, N; Mohr, B; Moore, R; Morello, M; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Mulhearn, M; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Nachtman, J; Nahn, S; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Naumov, D; Necula, V; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Nielsen, J; Nigmanov, T; Nodulman, L; Norniella, O; Ogawa, T

2006-01-13

237

PICALM modulates autophagy activity and tau accumulation  

PubMed Central

Genome-wide association studies have identified several loci associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), including proteins involved in endocytic trafficking such as PICALM/CALM (phosphatidylinositol binding clathrin assembly protein). It is unclear how these loci may contribute to AD pathology. Here we show that CALM modulates autophagy and alters clearance of tau, a protein which is a known autophagy substrate and which is causatively linked to AD, both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, altered CALM expression exacerbates tau-mediated toxicity in zebrafish transgenic models. CALM influences autophagy by regulating the endocytosis of SNAREs, such as VAMP2, VAMP3 and VAMP8, which have diverse effects on different stages of the autophagy pathway, from autophagosome formation to autophagosome degradation. This study suggests that the AD genetic risk factor CALM modulates autophagy, and this may affect disease in a number of ways including modulation of tau turnover. PMID:25241929

Moreau, Kevin; Fleming, Angeleen; Imarisio, Sara; Lopez Ramirez, Ana; Mercer, Jacob L.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Maria; Bento, Carla F.; Puri, Claudia; Zavodszky, Eszter; Siddiqi, Farah; Lavau, Catherine P.; Betton, Maureen; O'Kane, Cahir J.; Wechsler, Daniel S.; Rubinsztein, David C.

2014-01-01

238

Tau mutants bind tubulin heterodimers with enhanced affinity  

PubMed Central

Tau is a microtubule binding protein that forms pathological aggregates in the brain in Alzheimer’s disease and other tauopathies. Disease etiology is thought to arise from loss of native interactions between tau and microtubules, as well as from gain of toxicity tied to tau aggregation, although neither mechanism is well understood. Here we investigate the link between function and disease using disease-associated and disease-motivated mutants of tau. We find that mutations to highly conserved proline residues in repeats 2 and 3 of the microtubule binding domain have differential effects on tau binding to tubulin and the capacity of tau to enhance tubulin polymerization. Notably, mutations to these residues result in an increased affinity for tubulin dimers while having a negligible effect on binding to stabilized microtubules. We measure conformational changes in tau on binding to tubulin that provide a structural framework for the observed altered affinity and function. Additionally, we find that these mutations do not necessarily enhance aggregation, which could have important implications for tau therapeutic strategies that focus solely on searching for tau aggregation inhibitors. We propose a model that describes tau binding to tubulin dimers and a mechanism by which disease-relevant alterations to tau impact its function. Together, these results draw attention to the interaction between tau and free tubulin as playing an important role in mechanisms of tau pathology. PMID:24733915

Elbaum-Garfinkle, Shana; Cobb, Garrett; Compton, Jocelyn T.; Li, Xiao-Han; Rhoades, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

239

Aminothienopyridazines and Methylene Blue Affect Tau Fibrillization via Cysteine Oxidation*  

PubMed Central

Alzheimer disease and several other neurodegenerative disorders are characterized by the accumulation of intraneuronal fibrils comprised of the protein Tau. Tau is normally a soluble protein that stabilizes microtubules, with splice isoforms that contain either three (3-R) or four (4-R) microtubule binding repeats. The formation of Tau fibrils is thought to result in neuronal damage, and inhibitors of Tau fibrillization may hold promise as therapeutic agents. The process of Tau fibrillization can be replicated in vitro, and a number of small molecules have been identified that inhibit Tau fibril formation. However, little is known about how these molecules affect Tau fibrillization. Here, we examined the mechanism by which the previously described aminothieno pyridazine (ATPZ) series of compounds inhibit Tau fibrillization. Active ATPZs were found to promote the oxidation of the two cysteine residues within 4-R Tau by a redox cycling mechanism, resulting in the formation of a disulfide-containing compact monomer that was refractory to fibrillization. Moreover, the ATPZs facilitated intermolecular disulfide formation between 3-R Tau monomers, leading to dimers that were capable of fibrillization. The ATPZs also caused cysteine oxidation in molecules unrelated to Tau. Interestingly, methylene blue, an inhibitor of Tau fibrillization under evaluation in Alzheimer disease clinical trials, caused a similar oxidation of cysteines in Tau and other molecules. These findings reveal that the ATPZs and methylene blue act by a mechanism that may affect their viability as potential therapeutic agents. PMID:23443659

Crowe, Alex; James, Michael J.; Lee, Virginia M.-Y.; Smith, Amos B.; Trojanowski, John Q.; Ballatore, Carlo; Brunden, Kurt R.

2013-01-01

240

Aminothienopyridazines and methylene blue affect Tau fibrillization via cysteine oxidation.  

PubMed

Alzheimer disease and several other neurodegenerative disorders are characterized by the accumulation of intraneuronal fibrils comprised of the protein Tau. Tau is normally a soluble protein that stabilizes microtubules, with splice isoforms that contain either three (3-R) or four (4-R) microtubule binding repeats. The formation of Tau fibrils is thought to result in neuronal damage, and inhibitors of Tau fibrillization may hold promise as therapeutic agents. The process of Tau fibrillization can be replicated in vitro, and a number of small molecules have been identified that inhibit Tau fibril formation. However, little is known about how these molecules affect Tau fibrillization. Here, we examined the mechanism by which the previously described aminothieno pyridazine (ATPZ) series of compounds inhibit Tau fibrillization. Active ATPZs were found to promote the oxidation of the two cysteine residues within 4-R Tau by a redox cycling mechanism, resulting in the formation of a disulfide-containing compact monomer that was refractory to fibrillization. Moreover, the ATPZs facilitated intermolecular disulfide formation between 3-R Tau monomers, leading to dimers that were capable of fibrillization. The ATPZs also caused cysteine oxidation in molecules unrelated to Tau. Interestingly, methylene blue, an inhibitor of Tau fibrillization under evaluation in Alzheimer disease clinical trials, caused a similar oxidation of cysteines in Tau and other molecules. These findings reveal that the ATPZs and methylene blue act by a mechanism that may affect their viability as potential therapeutic agents. PMID:23443659

Crowe, Alex; James, Michael J; Lee, Virginia M-Y; Smith, Amos B; Trojanowski, John Q; Ballatore, Carlo; Brunden, Kurt R

2013-04-19

241

Structural Determinants of Tau Aggregation Inhibitor Potency*  

PubMed Central

Small-molecule Tau aggregation inhibitors are under investigation as potential therapeutic agents against Alzheimer disease. Many such inhibitors have been identified in vitro, but their potency-driving features, and their molecular targets in the Tau aggregation pathway, have resisted identification. Previously we proposed ligand polarizability, a measure of electron delocalization, as a candidate descriptor of inhibitor potency. Here we tested this hypothesis by correlating the ground state polarizabilities of cyanine, phenothiazine, and arylmethine derivatives calculated using ab initio quantum methods with inhibitory potency values determined in the presence of octadecyl sulfate inducer under reducing conditions. A series of rhodanine analogs was analyzed as well using potency values disclosed in the literature. Results showed that polarizability and inhibitory potency directly correlated within all four series. To identify putative binding targets, representative members of the four chemotypes were added to aggregation reactions, where they were found to stabilize soluble, but SDS-resistant Tau species at the expense of filamentous aggregates. Using SDS resistance as a secondary assay, and a library of Tau deletion and missense mutants as targets, interaction with cyanine was localized to the microtubule binding repeat region. Moreover, the SDS-resistant phenotype was completely dependent on the presence of octadecyl sulfate inducer, but not intact PHF6/PH6* hexapeptide motifs, indicating that cyanine interacted with a species in the aggregation pathway prior to nucleus formation. Together the data suggest that flat, highly polarizable ligands inhibit Tau aggregation by interacting with folded species in the aggregation pathway and driving their assembly into soluble but highly stable Tau oligomers. PMID:24072703

Schafer, Kelsey N.; Cisek, Katryna; Huseby, Carol J.; Chang, Edward; Kuret, Jeff

2013-01-01

242

Microtubule-associated protein tau in bovine retinal photoreceptor rod outer segments: comparison with brain tau  

PubMed Central

Recent studies have suggested a possible involvement of abnormal tau in some retinal degenerative diseases. The common view in these studies is that these retinal diseases share the mechanism of tau-mediated degenerative diseases in brain and that information about these brain diseases may be directly applied to explain these retinal diseases. Here we collectively examine this view by revealing three basic characteristics of tau in the rod outer segment (ROS) of bovine retinal photoreceptors, i.e., its isoforms, its phosphorylation mode and its interaction with microtubules, and by comparing them with those of brain tau. We find that ROS contains at least four isoforms: three are identical to those in brain and one is unique in ROS. All ROS isoforms, like brain isoforms, are modified with multiple phosphate molecules; however, ROS isoforms show their own specific phosphorylation pattern, and these phosphorylation patterns appear not to be identical to those of brain tau. Interestingly, some ROS isoforms, under the normal conditions, are phosphorylated at the sites identical to those in Alzheimer’s patient isoforms. Surprisingly, a large portion of ROS isoforms tightly associates with a membranous component(s) other than microtubules, and this association is independent of their phosphorylation states. These observations strongly suggest that tau plays various roles in ROS and that some of these functions may not be comparable to those of brain tau. We believe that knowledge about tau in the entire retinal network and/or its individual cells are also essential for elucidation of tau-mediated retinal diseases, if any. PMID:23712071

Yamazaki, Akio; Nishizawa, Yuji; Matsuura, Isao; Hayashi, Fumio; Usukura, Jiro; Bondarenko, Vladimir A.

2013-01-01

243

Atmospheric tau neutrinos in a multikiloton liquid argon detector  

SciTech Connect

An ultralarge liquid argon time projection chamber based neutrino detector will have the uncommon ability to detect atmospheric {nu}{sub {tau}}/{nu}{tau} events. This paper discusses the most promising modes for identifying charged current {nu}{sub {tau}}/{nu}{tau}, and shows that, with simple kinematic cuts, {approx}30 {nu}{sub {tau}}+{nu}{tau} interactions can be isolated in a 100 kt{center_dot}yr exposure, with greater than 4{sigma} significance. This sample is sufficient to perform flux-averaged total cross-section and cross-section shape parametrization measurements--the first steps toward using {nu}{sub {tau}}/{nu}{tau} to search for physics beyond the standard model.

Conrad, Janet [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Gouvea, Andre de; Shalgar, Shashank [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Illinois 60208-3112 (United States); Spitz, Joshua [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)

2010-11-01

244

Structure, Function, and Regulation of the Microtubule Associated Protein Tau  

Microsoft Academic Search

The neural protein tau was first identified and purified in 1975 as a protein that copurifies with tubulin and assembles tubulin\\u000a subunits into microtubules (1). Although tau has been studied intensively for almost 30 yr, many aspects of tau structure, function, and regulation remain\\u000a unclear. Whereas tau is widely appreciated to be important in normal neurodevelopment (reviewed in refs. 2,3),

Janis Bunker; Stuart C. Feinstein

245

A precision measurement of the Z{sup 0} lineshape parameters for the process Z{sup 0} {r_arrow} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}}  

SciTech Connect

In this dissertation, a measurement of the partial decay width of the process Z{sup 0} {r_arrow} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}} using data collected during 1993 and 1994 at the OPAL detector at CERN is described. The cross sections of this process at three center-of-mass energies near the Z{sup 0} resonance were determined, and from a fit to those cross sections, the mass of the Z{sup 0}, its total decay width and its partial decay width into {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}} final states were determined as M{sub Z} = 91.183 {+-} 0.020 GeV, {Lambda}{sub tot} = 2.514 {+-} 0.018 GeV and {Lambda}{sub {tau}{tau}} = 84.54 {+-} 0.59 MeV. Using published results for M{sub Z}, and {Lambda}{sub tot} with higher accuracy, a value for the partial decay width of {Lambda}{sub {tau}{tau}} = 84.02 {+-} 0.20 MeV was obtained. Further using published results for the decay width of the Z{sup 0} into quark pair final states, the invisible decay width of the Z{sup 0} was determined as {Lambda}{sub inv} = 496.9 {+-} 4.1 MeV, and the number of neutrino generations was determined as N{sub {nu}} = 2.974 {+-} 0.025(exp) {+-} 0.007 (m{sub top}, M{sub Higgs}). All results were found to be in good agreement with the Standard Model predictions and were consistent with the assumption of lepton universality within the Standard Model framework.

Lahmann, R.

1996-12-31

246

Density of the Values Set of the Tau Function  

E-print Network

It is shown that the density of the values set {Tau(n): n > x/log x. The currently known density is #{Tau(n) : n > x^(1/2+o(1)), and the expected density is #{Tau(n) : n 2, which arises as a singular case of this analysis, is discussed within.

N. A. Carella

2014-04-10

247

Misregulation of Tau Alternative Splicing in Neurodegeneration and Dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tau is a microtubule-associated protein that fulfills several functions critical for neuronal formation and health. Tau discharges its functions by produc- ing multiple isoforms via intricately regulated alternative splicing. These isoforms modulate tau function in normal brain by altering the domains of the protein, thereby influencing its conformation and post-translational modifications and hence its affinity for microtubules and other ligands.

Athena Andreadis

2006-01-01

248

Tau Neutrino Appearance via Neutrino Oscillations in Atmospheric Neutrinos  

E-print Network

Tau Neutrino Appearance via Neutrino Oscillations in Atmospheric Neutrinos A Dissertation Presented of the Dissertation Tau Neutrino Appearance via Neutrino Oscillations in Atmospheric Neutrinos by Tokufumi Kato Doctor of Philosophy in Physics Stony Brook University 2007 A search for the appearance of tau neutrinos from µ

Tokyo, University of

249

Time-weighted accumulations ap(tau) and Kp(tau)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The planetary geomagnetic indices Kp and ap used in space geophysics are discussed. They provide an estimate of maximum magnetic perturbation within a 3 hr period. Many geophysical properties are clearly related to the indices, through energy transfer form a common disturbance source, but direct correlation is often lacking because of poor matching between the frequency of sampling and the physical response functions. The index ap (tau) is a simple accumulation of the linear ap calculated with an attenuation factor tau included to take account of natural temporal relaxation. The case for ap (tau) and the related Kp (tau) is made using applications to the variability of the plasma environment in the ionosphere and inner magnetosphere. These examples of improved correlation suggest that time-weighted integration might profitably be applied to other indices.

Wrenn, Gordon L.

1988-07-01

250

Introduction to the TAU Performance System  

E-print Network

Laboratory, ALCF, Bldg. 240,# 1416, May 22-25, 2012, Argonne, IL Sameer Shende, U. Oregon sameer++ parser Fortran parser F77/90/95 C / C++ IL analyzer Fortran IL analyzer Program Database Files IL IL DUCTAPE PDBhtml SILOON CHASM tau_instrumentor Program documentation Application

Kemner, Ken

251

Parafermions in the tau-2 model  

E-print Network

It has been shown recently by Baxter that the $\\tau_2(t_q)$ model with open boundary conditions can be solved by the "parafermionic" method of Fendley. In Baxter's paper there are several conjectures, which were formulated based on numerical short-chain calculations. Here we present the proof of two of them.

Helen Au-Yang; Jacques H. H. Perk

2014-02-01

252

Confronting Heavy Tau Neutrinos with Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

If the tau neutrino is as heavy as 10 MeV which may have certain astrophysical implications, the neutrino mass pattern is studied so as to accommodate the new oscillation observations. It predicts that the electron neutrino has Marjorana mass around 0.05 eV. A supersymmetric model is described to realize the above scenario.

Chun Liu

2001-09-27

253

Phosphorylation dynamics regulate Hsp27-mediated rescue of neuronal plasticity deficits in tau transgenic mice.  

PubMed

Molecular chaperones regulate the aggregation of a number of proteins that pathologically misfold and accumulate in neurodegenerative diseases. Identifying ways to manipulate these proteins in disease models is an area of intense investigation; however, the translation of these results to the mammalian brain has progressed more slowly. In this study, we investigated the ability of one of these chaperones, heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27), to modulate tau dynamics. Recombinant wild-type Hsp27 and a genetically altered version of Hsp27 that is perpetually pseudo-phosphorylated (3×S/D) were generated. Both Hsp27 variants interacted with tau, and atomic force microscopy and dynamic light scattering showed that both variants also prevented tau filament formation. However, extrinsic genetic delivery of these two Hsp27 variants to tau transgenic mice using adeno-associated viral particles showed that wild-type Hsp27 reduced neuronal tau levels, whereas 3×S/D Hsp27 was associated with increased tau levels. Moreover, rapid decay in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) intrinsic to this tau transgenic model was rescued by wild-type Hsp27 overexpression but not by 3×S/D Hsp27. Because the 3×S/D Hsp27 mutant cannot cycle between phosphorylated and dephosphorylated states, we can conclude that Hsp27 must be functionally dynamic to facilitate tau clearance from the brain and rescue LTP; however, when this property is compromised, Hsp27 may actually facilitate accumulation of soluble tau intermediates. PMID:21084594

Abisambra, Jose F; Blair, Laura J; Hill, Shannon E; Jones, Jeffrey R; Kraft, Clara; Rogers, Justin; Koren, John; Jinwal, Umesh K; Lawson, Lisa; Johnson, Amelia G; Wilcock, Donna; O'Leary, John C; Jansen-West, Karen; Muschol, Martin; Golde, Todd E; Weeber, Edwin J; Banko, Jessica; Dickey, Chad A

2010-11-17

254

Phosphorylation dynamics regulate Hsp27-mediated rescue of neuronal plasticity deficits in tau transgenic mice  

PubMed Central

Molecular chaperones regulate the aggregation of a number of proteins that pathologically misfold and accumulate in neurodegenerative diseases. Identifying ways to manipulate these proteins in disease models is an area of intense investigation; however, the translation of these results to the mammalian brain has progressed more slowly. In this study, we investigated the ability of one of these chaperones, heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27), to modulate tau dynamics. Recombinant wildtype Hsp27 and a genetically altered version of Hsp27 that is perpetually pseudo-phosphorylated (3xS/D) were generated. Both Hsp27 variants interacted with tau, and atomic force microscopy and dynamic light scattering showed that both variants could also prevented tau filament formation. However, extrinsic genetic delivery of these two Hsp27 variants to tau transgenic mice using adeno-associated viral particles showed that wildtype Hsp27 reduced neuronal tau levels, while 3xS/D Hsp27 was associated with increased tau levels. Moreover, rapid decay in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) intrinsic to this tau transgenic model was rescued by wildtype Hsp27 over-expression, but not by 3xS/D Hsp27. Since the 3xS/D Hsp27 mutant cannot cycle between phosphorylated and de-phosphorylated states, we can conclude that Hsp27 must be functionally dynamic to facilitate tau clearance from the brain and rescue LTP; however when this property is compromised, Hsp27 may actually facilitate accumulation of soluble tau intermediates. PMID:21084594

Abisambra, Jose F.; Blair, Laura J.; Hill, Shannon E.; Jones, Jeffrey R.; Kraft, Clara; Rogers, Justin; Koren, John; Jinwal, Umesh K.; Lawson, Lisa; Johnson, Amelia G.; Wilcock, Donna; O'Leary, John C.; Jansen-West, Karen; Muschol, Martin; Golde, Todd E.; Weeber, Edwin J.; Banko, Jessica; Dickey, Chad A.

2010-01-01

255

Abnormal Phosphorylation of the Microtubule-Associated Protein tau (Tau) in Alzheimer Cytoskeletal Pathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A monoclonal antibody to the microtubule-associated protein tau (tau) labeled some neurofibrillary tangles and plaque neurites, the two major locations of paired-helical filaments (PHF), in Alzheimer disease brain. The antibody also labeled isolated PHF that had been repeatedly washed with NaDodSO4. Dephosphorylation of the tissue sections with alkaline phosphatase prior to immunolabeling dramatically increased the number of tangles and plaques

Inge Grundke-Iqbal; Khalid Iqbal; Yunn-Chyn Tung; Maureen Quinlan; Henryk M. Wisniewski; Lester I. Binder

1986-01-01

256

Resolved Multifrequency Radio Observations of GG Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present subarcsecond resolution observations of continuum emission associated with the GG Tau quadruple star system at wavelengths of 1.3, 2.8, 7.3, and 50 mm. These data confirm that the GG Tau A binary is encircled by a circumbinary ring at a radius of 235 AU with a FWHM width of ~60 AU. We find no clear evidence for a radial gradient in the spectral shape of the ring, suggesting that the particle size distribution is spatially homogeneous on angular scales gsim0.''1. A central point source, likely associated with the primary component (GG Tau Aa), exhibits a composite spectrum from dust and free-free emission. Faint emission at 7.3 mm is observed toward the low-mass star GG Tau Ba, although its origin remains uncertain. Using these measurements of the resolved, multifrequency emission structure of the GG Tau A system, models of the far-infrared to radio spectrum are developed to place constraints on the grain size distribution and dust mass in the circumbinary ring. The non-negligible curvature present in the ring spectrum implies a maximum particle size of 1-10 mm, although we are unable to place strong constraints on the distribution shape. The corresponding dust mass is 30-300 M ?, at a temperature of 20-30 K. We discuss how this significant concentration of relatively large particles in a narrow ring at a large radius might be produced in a local region of higher gas pressures (i.e., a particle "trap") located near the inner edge of the circumbinary disk.

Andrews, Sean M.; Chandler, Claire J.; Isella, Andrea; Birnstiel, T.; Rosenfeld, K. A.; Wilner, D. J.; Pérez, L. M.; Ricci, L.; Carpenter, J. M.; Calvet, N.; Corder, S. A.; Deller, A. T.; Dullemond, C. P.; Greaves, J. S.; Harris, R. J.; Henning, Th.; Kwon, W.; Lazio, J.; Linz, H.; Mundy, L. G.; Sargent, A. I.; Storm, S.; Testi, L.

2014-06-01

257

Resolved Multifrequency Radio Observations of GG Tau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present sub-arcsecond resolution observations of continuum emission associated with the GG Tau quadruple star system at wavelengths of 1.3, 2.8, 7.3, and 50 mm. These data confirm that the GG Tau A binary is encircled by a narrow (FWHM of 60 AU) circumbinary ring centered at a radius of 235 AU. We find no evidence for a radial gradient in the ring spectrum, suggesting that the particle size distribution is spatially homogeneous. A central point source, likely associated with the primary component (GG Tau Aa), exhibits a composite spectrum from dust and free-free emission. Faint emission at 7.3 mm is observed toward the low-mass star GG Tau Ba, although its origin remains uncertain. Using these measurements of the resolved, multifrequency emission structure of the GG Tau A system, models of the far-infrared to radio spectrum are developed to place constraints on the grain size distribution and dust mass in the circumbinary ring. The non-negligible curvature present in the ring spectrum implies a maximum particle size of 1-10 mm, although we are unable to place strong constraints on the distribution shape. The corresponding dust mass is 30-300 earth masses, at a temperature of 20--30 K. We show how this significant concentration of relatively large particles in a narrow ring at a large radius might be produced in a local region of higher gas pressures (i.e., a particle "trap") located near the inner edge of the circumbinary disk.

Andrews, Sean M.; Chandler, Claire J.; Isella, Andrea; Birnstiel, Tilman; Rosenfeld, Katharine; Wilner, David J.; Perez, Laura M.; Ricci, Luca; Carpenter, John M.

2014-06-01

258

Phenothiazine-mediated rescue of cognition in tau transgenic mice requires neuroprotection and reduced soluble tau burden  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: It has traditionally been thought that the pathological accumulation of tau in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies facilitates neurodegeneration, which in turn leads to cognitive impairment. However, recent evidence suggests that tau tangles are not the entity responsible for memory loss, rather it is an intermediate tau species that disrupts neuronal function. Thus, efforts to discover therapeutics for tauopathies

John C O'Leary; Qingyou Li; Paul Marinec; Laura J Blair; Erin E Congdon; Amelia G Johnson; Umesh K Jinwal; John Koren; Jeffrey R Jones; Clara Kraft; Melinda Peters; Jose F Abisambra; Karen E Duff; Edwin J Weeber; Jason E Gestwicki; Chad A Dickey

2010-01-01

259

Curcumin Suppresses Soluble Tau Dimers and Corrects Molecular Chaperone, Synaptic, and Behavioral Deficits in Aged Human Tau Transgenic Mice*  

PubMed Central

The mechanisms underlying Tau-related synaptic and cognitive deficits and the interrelationships between Tau species, their clearance pathways, and synaptic impairments remain poorly understood. To gain insight into these mechanisms, we examined these interrelationships in aged non-mutant genomic human Tau mice, with established Tau pathology and neuron loss. We also examined how these interrelationships changed with an intervention by feeding mice either a control diet or one containing the brain permeable beta-amyloid and Tau aggregate binding molecule curcumin. Transgene-dependent elevations in soluble and insoluble phospho-Tau monomer and soluble Tau dimers accompanied deficits in behavior, hippocampal excitatory synaptic markers, and molecular chaperones (heat shock proteins (HSPs)) involved in Tau degradation and microtubule stability. In human Tau mice but not control mice, HSP70, HSP70/HSP72, and HSP90 were reduced in membrane-enriched fractions but not in cytosolic fractions. The synaptic proteins PSD95 and NR2B were reduced in dendritic fields and redistributed into perikarya, corresponding to changes observed by immunoblot. Curcumin selectively suppressed levels of soluble Tau dimers, but not of insoluble and monomeric phospho-Tau, while correcting behavioral, synaptic, and HSP deficits. Treatment increased PSD95 co-immunoprecipitating with NR2B and, independent of transgene, increased HSPs implicated in Tau clearance. It elevated HSP90 and HSC70 without increasing HSP mRNAs; that is, without induction of the heat shock response. Instead curcumin differentially impacted HSP90 client kinases, reducing Fyn without reducing Akt. In summary, curcumin reduced soluble Tau and elevated HSPs involved in Tau clearance, showing that even after tangles have formed, Tau-dependent behavioral and synaptic deficits can be corrected. PMID:23264626

Ma, Qiu-Lan; Zuo, Xiaohong; Yang, Fusheng; Ubeda, Oliver J.; Gant, Dana J.; Alaverdyan, Mher; Teng, Edmond; Hu, Shuxin; Chen, Ping-Ping; Maiti, Panchanan; Teter, Bruce; Cole, Greg M.; Frautschy, Sally A.

2013-01-01

260

Probing light pseudoscalar, axial vector states through {eta}{sub b}{yields}{tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we explore the decay {eta}{sub b}{yields}{tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} as a probe for a light pseudoscalar or a light axial vector state. We estimate the standard model branching ratio for this decay to be {approx}4x10{sup -9}. We show that considerably larger branching ratios, up to the present experimental limit of {approx}8%, are possible in models with a light pseudoscalar or a light axial vector state. As we do not include possible mixing effects between the light pseudoscalar and the {eta}{sub b}, our results should be reliable when the pseudoscalar mass is away from the {eta}{sub b} mass.

Rashed, Ahmed [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi, Lewis Hall, University, Mississippi, 38677 (United States); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, 11566 (Egypt); Duraisamy, Murugeswaran; Datta, Alakabha [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi, Lewis Hall, University, Mississippi, 38677 (United States)

2010-09-01

261

Characterization of tau oligomeric seeds in progressive supranuclear palsy  

PubMed Central

Background Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative tauopathy which is primarily defined by the deposition of tau into globose-type neurofibrillary tangles (NFT). Tau in its native form has important functions for microtubule dynamics. Tau undergoes alternative splicing in exons 2, 3, and 10 which results in six different isoforms. Products of splicing on exon 10 are the most prone to mutations. Three repeat (3R) and four repeat (4R) tau, like other disease-associated amyloids, can form oligomers which may then go on to further aggregate and form fibrils. Recent studies from our laboratory and others have provided evidence that tau oligomers, not NFTs, are the most toxic species in neurodegenerative tauopathies and seed the pathological spread of tau. Results Analysis of PSP brain sections revealed globose-type NFTs, as well as both phosphorylated and unphosphorylated tau oligomers. Analysis of PSP brains via Western blot and ELISA revealed the presence of increased levels of tau oligomers compared to age-matched control brains. Oligomers were immunoprecipitated from PSP brain and were capable of seeding the oligomerization of both 3R and 4R tau isoforms. Conclusions This is the first time tau oligomers have been characterized in PSP. These results indicate that tau oligomers are an important component of PSP pathology, along with NFTs. The ability of PSP brain-derived tau oligomers to seed 3R and 4R tau suggests that these oligomers represent the pathological species responsible for disease propagation and the presence of oligomers in a pure neurodegenerative tauopathy implies a common neuropathological process for tau seen in diseases with other amyloid proteins. PMID:24927818

2014-01-01

262

Electrochemical Investigations into Kinase-Catalyzed Transformations of Tau Protein  

PubMed Central

The formation of neurofibrillary tangles by hyperphosphorylated tau is a well-recognized hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. Resulting from malfunctioning protein kinases, hyperphosphorylated tau is unable to bind microtubules properly, causing it to self-associate and aggregate. The effects of tau phosphorylation on tau conformation and aggregation are still largely unexplored. The conformational analysis of tau and its hyperphosphorylated forms is usually performed by a variety of spectroscopic techniques, all of which require ample sample concentrations and/or volumes. Here we report on the use of surface based electrochemical techniques that allow for detection of conformational changes and orientation of tau protein as a function of tau phosphorylation by tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. The electrochemical methods utilize 5?-?-ferrocenyl adenosine triphosphate (Fc-ATP) derivative as a cosubstrate and tau immobilized on gold surface to probe the role of the following protein kinases: Sarcoma related kinase (Src), Abelson tyrosine kinase (Abl), tau-tubulin kinase (TTBK), proto-oncogene tyrosine protein kinase Fyn (Fyn), and glycogen synthase kinase 3-? (Gsk-3?). The single kinase and sequential kinase-catalyzed Fc-phosphorylations modulate the electrochemical signal, pointing to the dramatic changes around the Fc group in the Fc-phosphorylated tau films. The location and orientation of the Fc-group in Fc-tau film was investigated by the surface plasmon resonance based on antiferrocene antibodies. Additional surface characterization of the Fc-tau films by time-of-flight secondary ion-mass spectrometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that Fc-phosphorylations influence the tau orientation and conformation on surfaces. When Fc-phosphorylations were performed in solution, the subsequently immobilized Fc-tau exhibited similar trends. This study illustrates the validity and the utility of the labeled electrochemical approach for probing the changes in protein film properties, conformation, and orientation as a function of the enzymatically catalyzed modifications. PMID:23687953

2013-01-01

263

Trans-splicing correction of tau isoform imbalance in a mouse model of tau mis-splicing.  

PubMed

Abnormal metabolism of the tau protein is central to the pathogenesis of a number of dementias, including Alzheimer's disease. Aberrant alternative splicing of exon 10 in the tau pre-mRNA resulting in an imbalance of tau isoforms is one of the molecular causes of the inherited tauopathy, FTDP-17. We showed previously in heterologous systems that exon 10 inclusion in tau mRNA could be modulated by spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing (SMaRT). Here, we evaluated the potential of trans-splicing RNA reprogramming to correct tau mis-splicing in differentiated neurons in a mouse model of tau mis-splicing, the htau transgenic mouse line, expressing the human MAPT gene in a null mouse Mapt background. Trans-splicing molecules designed to increase exon 10 inclusion were delivered to neurons using lentiviral vectors. We demonstrate reprogramming of tau transcripts at the RNA level after transduction of cultured neurons or after direct delivery and long-term expression of viral vectors into the brain of htau mice in vivo. Tau RNA trans-splicing resulted in an increase in exon 10 inclusion in the mature tau mRNA. Importantly, we also show that the trans-spliced product is translated into a full-length chimeric tau protein. These results validate the potential of SMaRT to correct tau mis-splicing and provide a framework for its therapeutic application to neurodegenerative conditions linked to aberrant RNA processing. PMID:23459933

Avale, María Elena; Rodríguez-Martín, Teresa; Gallo, Jean-Marc

2013-07-01

264

Tau lepton physics at LEP  

E-print Network

The talk covers three contributions on (i) the final measurement of branching ratios and spectral functions of t decays using the full LEP-I data from ALEPH, (ii) a preliminary measurement of the t hadronic branching ratios from DELPHI and (iii) a measurement of the strange spectral function in hadronic t decays from OPAL. These measurements are discussed and the relevant physics topics are briefly reviewed.

Z. Zhang; the ALEPH; DELPHI; OPAL Collaboration

2006-02-24

265

Muon Neutrino Disappearance and Tau Neutrino Appearance  

E-print Network

Since evidence for neutrino oscillations was first observed in 1998, the study of muon neutrino oscillations has been aggressively pursued. In doing so, atmospheric and accelerator-based neutrino experiments have measured with the highest precision two fundamental neutrino parameters: the mass-square difference and the large mixing angle in the atmospheric neutrino sector. Furthermore, the dominant mode of these oscillations has recently been established to be from muon to tau neutrinos with both direct and indirect observations. Also, for the first time the anti-neutrino counterparts to these oscillation parameters are being studied. While a consistent picture of the mu-tau sector is thus emerging, a new generation of accelerator-based experiments using off-axis neutrino beams to access this sector could lead to new discoveries.

M. C. Sanchez

2011-12-03

266

Search for neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in association with b quarks in pp collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV.  

PubMed

We report results from a search for neutral Higgs bosons produced in association with b quarks using data recorded by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 fb(-1). This production mode can be enhanced in several extensions of the standard model (SM) such as in its minimal supersymmetric extension (MSSM) at high tan?. We search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs with one tau decaying to a muon and neutrinos and the other to hadrons. The data are found to be consistent with SM expectations, and we set upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio in the Higgs boson mass range from 90 to 320 GeV/c(2). We interpret our result in the MSSM parameter space, excluding tan? values down to 25 for Higgs boson masses below 170 GeV/c(2). PMID:22026764

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Aoki, M; Arov, M; Askew, A; Åsman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; BackusMayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bazterra, V; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brandt, O; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Brown, J; Bu, X B; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calpas, B; Camacho-Pérez, E; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Chen, G; Chevalier-Théry, S; Cho, D K; Cho, S W; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Croc, A; Cutts, D; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Deterre, C; DeVaughan, K; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Ding, P F; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fuess, S; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geng, W; Gerbaudo, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Ginther, G; Golovanov, G; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guillemin, T; Guo, F; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Head, T; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegab, H; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De La Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Ilchenko, Y; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jamin, D; Jayasinghe, A; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Joshi, J; Jung, A W; Juste, A; Kaadze, K; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Kirby, M H; Kohli, J M; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kulikov, S; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kur?a, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, H S; Lee, S W; Lee, W M; Lellouch, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Lopes de Sa, R; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Madar, R; Magaña-Villalba, R; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martínez-Ortega, J; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Miconi, F; Mondal, N K; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Nayyar, R; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Orduna, J; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otero y Garzón, G J; Padilla, M; Pal, A; Parashar, N; Parihar, V; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Petridis, K; Petrillo, G; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; Prewitt, M; Price, D; Prokopenko, N; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Razumov, I; Renkel, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Rominsky, M; Ross, A; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Salcido, P; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Santos, A S; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Simak, V; Sirotenko, V; Skubic, P; Slattery, P; Smirnov, D; Smith, K J; Snow, G R; Snow, J; Snyder, S; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sonnenschein, L; Soustruznik, K; Stark, J; Stolin, V; Stoyanova, D A; Strauss, M; Strom, D; Stutte, L; Suter, L; Svoisky, P; Takahashi, M; Tanasijczuk, A; Taylor, W; Titov, M; Tokmenin, V V; Tsai, Y-T; Tschann-Grimm, K; Tsybychev, D; Tuchming, B; Tully, C; Uvarov, L; Uvarov, S; Uzunyan, S; Van Kooten, R; van Leeuwen, W M; Varelas, N; Varnes, E W; Vasilyev, I A; Verdier, P; Vertogradov, L S; Verzocchi, M; Vesterinen, M; Vilanova, D; Vokac, P; Wahl, H D

2011-09-16

267

Search for Higgs bosons predicted in two-Higgs-doublet models via decays to tau lepton pairs in 1.96-TeV p anti-p collisions  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a search for Higgs bosons predicted in two-Higgs-doublet models, in the case where the Higgs bosons decay to tau lepton pairs, using 1.8 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity of p{bar p} collisions recorded by the CDF II experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. Studying the mass distribution in events where one or both tau leptons decay leptonically, no evidence for a Higgs boson signal is observed. The result is used to infer exclusion limits in the two-dimensional space of tan {beta} versus m{sub A} (the ratio of the vaccum expectation values of the two Higgs doublets and the mass of the pseudoscalar boson, respectively).

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Adelman, Jahred A.; /Chicago U., EFI; Akimoto, T.; /Tsukuba U.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, Dante E.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, Alberto; /Frascati; Antos, Jaroslav; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U. /Waseda U.

2009-06-01

268

Single-molecule tracking of tau reveals fast kiss-and-hop interaction with microtubules in living neurons.  

PubMed

The microtubule-associated phosphoprotein tau regulates microtubule dynamics and is involved in neurodegenerative diseases collectively called tauopathies. It is generally believed that the vast majority of tau molecules decorate axonal microtubules, thereby stabilizing them. However, it is an open question how tau can regulate microtubule dynamics without impeding microtubule-dependent transport and how tau is also available for interactions other than those with microtubules. Here we address this apparent paradox by fast single-molecule tracking of tau in living neurons and Monte Carlo simulations of tau dynamics. We find that tau dwells on a single microtubule for an unexpectedly short time of ?40 ms before it hops to the next. This dwell time is 100-fold shorter than previously reported by ensemble measurements. Furthermore, we observed by quantitative imaging using fluorescence decay after photoactivation recordings of photoactivatable GFP-tagged tubulin that, despite this rapid dynamics, tau is capable of regulating the tubulin-microtubule balance. This indicates that tau's dwell time on microtubules is sufficiently long to influence the lifetime of a tubulin subunit in a GTP cap. Our data imply a novel kiss-and-hop mechanism by which tau promotes neuronal microtubule assembly. The rapid kiss-and-hop interaction explains why tau, although binding to microtubules, does not interfere with axonal transport. PMID:25165145

Janning, Dennis; Igaev, Maxim; Sündermann, Frederik; Brühmann, Jörg; Beutel, Oliver; Heinisch, Jürgen J; Bakota, Lidia; Piehler, Jacob; Junge, Wolfgang; Brandt, Roland

2014-11-01

269

Search for neutral Higgs bosons of the minimal supersymmetric standard model decaying to tau pairs in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for neutral supersymmetric Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in p (p) over bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV. The data, corresponding to 310 pb(-1) integrated luminosity, were collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab in run II of the Tevatron. No significant excess above the standard model backgrounds is observed. We set exclusion limits

A. Abulencia; D. Acosta; J. Adelman; T. Affolder; T. Akimoto; M. G. Albrow; D. Ambrose; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; K. Anikeev; A. Annovi; J. Antos; M. Aoki; G. Apollinari; J. F. Arguin; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; W. Ashmanskas; A. Attal; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; P. Azzurri; N. Bacchetta; H. Bachacou; W. Badgett; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; S. Baroiant; V. Bartsch; G. Bauer; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; S. Belforte; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; A. Belloni; E. Ben-Haim; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; J. Beringer; T. Berry; A. Bhatti; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; M. Bishai; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; K. Bloom; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; V. Boisvert; G. Bolla; A. Bolshov; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; S. Bourov; A. Boveia; B. Brau; C. Bromberg; E. Brubaker; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; K. L. Byrum; S. Cabrera; M. Campanelli; M. Campbell; F. Canelli; A. Canepa; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carron; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; S. H. Chang; J. Chapman; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; F. Chlebana; I. Cho; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; J. P. Chou; P. H. Chu; S. H. Chuang; K. Chung; W. H. Chung; Y. S. Chung; M. Ciljak; C. I. Ciobanu; M. A. Ciocci; A. Clark; D. Clark; M. Coca; A. Connolly; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; B. Cooper; K. Copic; M. Cordelli; G. Cortiana; A. Cruz; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; D. Cyr; S. DaRonco; S. DAuria; M. Donofrio; D. Dagenhart; P. de Barbaro; S. De Cecco; A. Deisher; G. De Lentdecker; M. DellOrso; S. Demers; L. Demortier; J. Deng; M. Deninno; D. De Pedis; P. F. Derwent; C. Dionisi; J. Dittmann; P. DiTuro; C. Dorr; A. Dominguez; S. Donati; M. Donega; P. Dong; J. Donini; T. Dorigo; S. Dube; K. Ebina; J. Efron; J. Ehlers; R. Erbacher; D. Errede; S. Errede; R. Eusebi; H. C. Fang; S. Farrington; I. Fedorko; W. T. Fedorko; R. G. Feild; M. Feindt; J. P. Fernandez; R. Field; G. Flanagan; L. R. Flores-Castillo; A. Foland; S. Forrester; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; Y. Fujii; I. Furic; A. Gajjar; M. Gallinaro; J. Galyardt; J. E. Garcia; M. G. Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; C. Gay; H. Gerberich; E. Gerchtein; D. Gerdes; S. Giagu; P. Giannetti; A. Gibson; K. Gibson; C. Ginsburg; K. Giolo; M. Giordani; M. Giunta; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; N. Goldschmidt; J. Goldstein; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. Gonzalez; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; Y. Gotra; K. Goulianos; A. Gresele; M. Griffiths; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; U. Grundler; J. G. da Costa; C. Haber; S. R. Hahn; K. Hahn; E. Halkiadakis; B. Y. Han; R. Handler; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; S. Harper; R. F. Harr; R. M. Harris; K. Hatakeyama; J. Hauser; C. Hays; H. Hayward; A. Heijboer; B. Heinemann; J. Heinrich; M. Hennecke; M. Herndon; J. Heuser; D. Hidas; C. S. Hill; D. Hirschbuehl; A. Hocker; A. Holloway; S. Hou; M. Houlden; S. C. Hsu; B. T. Huffman; R. E. Hughes; J. Huston; K. Ikado; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; Y. Ishizawa; A. Ivanov; B. Iyutin; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; D. Jeans; H. Jensen; E. J. Jeon; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. R. Junk; T. Kamon; J. Kang; M. Karagoz-Unel; P. E. Karchin; Y. Kato; Y. Kemp; R. Kephart; U. Kerzel; V. Khotilovich; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; M. Kirby; L. Kirsch; S. Klimenko; M. Klute; B. Knuteson; B. R. Ko; H. Kobayashi; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; K. Kordas; A. Korytov; A. V. Kotwal; A. Kovalev; J. Kraus; I. Kravchenko; M. Kreps; A. Kreymer; J. Kroll; N. Krumnack; M. Kruse; V. Krutelyov; S. E. Kuhlmann; Y. Kusakabe; S. Kwang; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lai; S. Lami; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; R. L. Lander; K. Lannon; A. Lath; G. Latino; I. Lazzizzera; C. Lecci; T. LeCompte; J. Lee; S. W. Lee; R. Lefevre; N. Leonardo; S. Leone; S. Levy; J. D. Lewis; K. Li; C. Lin; M. Lindgren; E. Lipeles; T. M. Liss; A. Lister; D. O. Litvintsev; T. Liu; Y. Liu; N. S. Lockyer; A. Loginov; M. Loreti; P. Loverre; R. S. Lu; D. Lucchesi; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; L. Lyons; J. Lys; R. Lysak; E. Lytken; P. Mack; D. MacQueen; R. Madrak; K. Maeshima; P. Maksimovic; G. Manca; F. Margaroli; R. Marginean; C. Marino; A. Martin; M. Martin; V. Martin; M. Martinez; T. Maruyama; H. Matsunaga; M. E. Mattson; R. Mazini; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; D. McGivern; P. McIntyre; P. McNamara; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; S. Menzemer; A. Menzione; P. Merkel; C. Mesropian; A. Messina; M. von der Mey; T. Miao; N. Miladinovic; J. Miles; R. Miller; J. S. Miller; C. Mills; M. Milnik; R. Miquel; S. Miscetti; G. Mitselmakher; A. Miyamoto; N. Moggi; B. Mohr; R. Moore; M. Morello; P. M. Fernandez; J. Mulmenstadt; A. Mukherjee; M. Mulhearn; T. Muller; R. Mumford; P. Murat; J. Nachtman; S. Nahn; I. Nakano; A. Napier; D. Naumov; V. Necula; C. Neu; M. S. Neubauer; J. Nielsen; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; O. Norniella

2006-01-01

270

Preoperative cerebrospinal fluid ?-Amyloid/Tau ratio and postoperative delirium  

PubMed Central

Objective The neuropathogenesis of postoperative delirium remains unknown. Low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ?-amyloid protein (A?) and high CSF Tau levels are associated with Alzheimer's disease. We, therefore, assessed whether lower preoperative CSF A?/Tau ratio was associated with higher incidence and greater severity of postoperative delirium. Methods One hundred and fifty-three participants (71 ± 5 years, 53% men) who had total hip/knee replacement under spinal anesthesia were enrolled. CSF was obtained during initiation of spinal anesthesia. The incidence and severity of postoperative delirium were determined by Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) and Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS) on postoperative day 1 and 2. A?40, A?42, and Tau levels in the CSF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relationships among these variables were determined, adjusting for age and gender. Results Participants in the lowest quartile of preoperative CSF A?40/Tau and A?42/Tau ratio had higher incidence (32% vs. 17%, P = 0.0482) and greater symptom severity of postoperative delirium (A?40/Tau ratio: 4 vs. 3, P = 0.034; A?42/Tau ratio: 4 vs. 3, P = 0.062, the median of the highest MDAS score) as compared to the combination of the rest of the quartiles. The preoperative CSF A?40/Tau or A?42/Tau ratio was inversely associated with MDAS score (A?40/Tau ratio: ?0.12 ± 0.05, P = 0.014, adj. ?0.12 ± 0.05, P = 0.018; A?42/Tau ratio: ?0.65 ± 0.26, P = 0.013, adj. ?0.62 ± 0.27, P = 0.022). Interpretation Lower CSF A?/Tau ratio could be associated with postoperative delirium, pending confirmation of our preliminary results in further studies. These findings suggest potential roles of A? and/or Tau in postoperative delirium neuropathogenesis. PMID:24860840

Xie, Zhongcong; Swain, Celeste A; Ward, Sarah A P; Zheng, Hui; Dong, Yuanlin; Sunder, Neelakantan; Burke, Dennis W; Escobar, Diana; Zhang, Yiying; Marcantonio, Edward R

2014-01-01

271

Interactions between A? and Mutated Tau Lead to Polymorphism and Induce Aggregation of A?-Mutated Tau Oligomeric Complexes  

PubMed Central

One of the main hallmarks of the fronto-temporal dementia with Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17) is the accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles in the brain as an outcome of the aggregation of mutated tau protein. This process occurs due to a number of genetic mutations in the MAPT gene. One of these mutations is the ?K280 mutation in the tau R2 repeat domain, which promotes the aggregation vis-à-vis that for the wild-type tau. Experimental studies have shown that in Alzheimer’s disease A? peptide forms aggregates both with itself and with wild-type tau. By analogy, in FTDP-17, it is likely that there are interactions between A? and mutated tau, but the molecular mechanisms underlying such interactions remain to be elucidated. Thus, to investigate the interactions between A? and mutated tau, we constructed fourteen ?K280 mutated tau-A?17-42 oligomeric complexes. In seven of the mutated tau-A?17-42 oligoemric complexes the mutated tau oligomers exhibited hydrophobic interactions in their core domain, and in the other seven mutated tau-A?17-42 oligoemric complexes the mutated tau oligomers exhibited salt-bridge interactions in their core domain. We considered two types of interactions between mutated tau oligomers and A? oligomers: interactions of one monomer of the A? oligomer with one monomer of the mutated tau oligomer to form a single-layer conformation, and interactions of the entire A? oligomer with the entire mutated tau oligomer to form a double-layer conformation. We also considered parallel arrangements of A? trimers alternating with mutated tau trimers in a single-layer conformation. Our results demonstrate that in the interactions of A? and mutated tau oligomers, polymorphic mutated tau-A?17-42 oligomeric complexes were observed, with a slight preference for the double-layer conformation. A? trimers alternating with mutated tau trimers constituted a structurally stable confined ?-structure, albeit one that was energetically less stable than all the other constructed models. PMID:23951348

Raz, Yoav; Miller, Yifat

2013-01-01

272

Anti-tau antibodies that block tau aggregate seeding in vitro markedly decrease pathology and improve cognition in vivo  

PubMed Central

Summary Tau aggregation occurs in neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease and many other disorders collectively termed tauopathies. Trans-cellular propagation of tau pathology, mediated by extracellular tau aggregates, may underlie pathogenesis of these conditions. P301S tau transgenic mice express mutant human tau protein, and develop progressive tau pathology. Using a cell-based biosensor assay, we screened anti-tau monoclonal antibodies for their ability to block seeding activity present in P301S brain lysates. We infused 3 effective antibodies or controls into the lateral ventricle of P301S mice for 3 months. The antibodies markedly reduced hyperphosphorylated, aggregated, and insoluble tau. They also blocked development of tau seeding activity detected in brain lysates using the biosensor assay, reduced microglial activation, and improved cognitive deficits. These data imply a central role for extracellular tau aggregates in the development of pathology. They also suggest immunotherapy specifically designed to block trans-cellular aggregate propagation will be a productive treatment strategy. PMID:24075978

Yanamandra, Kiran; Kfoury, Najla; Jiang, Hong; Mahan, Thomas E.; Ma, Shengmei; Maloney, Susan E.; Wozniak, David F.

2014-01-01

273

Phenothiazine-mediated rescue of cognition in tau transgenic mice requires neuroprotection and reduced soluble tau burden  

PubMed Central

Background It has traditionally been thought that the pathological accumulation of tau in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies facilitates neurodegeneration, which in turn leads to cognitive impairment. However, recent evidence suggests that tau tangles are not the entity responsible for memory loss, rather it is an intermediate tau species that disrupts neuronal function. Thus, efforts to discover therapeutics for tauopathies emphasize soluble tau reductions as well as neuroprotection. Results Here, we found that neuroprotection alone caused by methylene blue (MB), the parent compound of the anti-tau phenothiaziazine drug, Rember™, was insufficient to rescue cognition in a mouse model of the human tauopathy, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and fronto-temporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP17): Only when levels of soluble tau protein were concomitantly reduced by a very high concentration of MB, was cognitive improvement observed. Thus, neurodegeneration can be decoupled from tau accumulation, but phenotypic improvement is only possible when soluble tau levels are also reduced. Conclusions Neuroprotection alone is not sufficient to rescue tau-induced memory loss in a transgenic mouse model. Development of neuroprotective agents is an area of intense investigation in the tauopathy drug discovery field. This may ultimately be an unsuccessful approach if soluble toxic tau intermediates are not also reduced. Thus, MB and related compounds, despite their pleiotropic nature, may be the proverbial "magic bullet" because they not only are neuroprotective, but are also able to facilitate soluble tau clearance. Moreover, this shows that neuroprotection is possible without reducing tau levels. This indicates that there is a definitive molecular link between tau and cell death cascades that can be disrupted. PMID:21040568

2010-01-01

274

Ultrastructural characteristics of tau filaments in tauopathies: immuno-electron microscopic demonstration of tau filaments in tauopathies.  

PubMed

The microtubule-associated protein tau aggregates into filaments in the form of neurofibrillary tangles, neuropil threads and argyrophilic grains in neurons, in the form of variable astrocytic tangles in astrocytes and in the form of coiled bodies and argyrophilic threads in oligodendrocytes. These tau filaments may be classified into two types, straight filaments or tubules with 9-18 nm diameters and "twisted ribbons" composed of two parallel aligned components. In the same disease, the fine structure of tau filaments in glial cells roughly resembles that in neurons. In sporadic tauopathies, individual tau filaments show characteristic sizes, shapes and arrangements, and therefore contribute to neuropathologic differential diagnosis. In frontotemporal dementias caused by tau gene mutations, variable filamentous profiles were observed in association with mutation sites and insoluble tau isoforms, including straight filaments or tubules, paired helical filament-like filaments, and twisted ribbons. Pre-embedding immunoelectron microscopic studies were carried out using anti-3-repeat tau and anti-4-repeat tau specific antibodies, RD3 and RD4. Straight tubules in neuronal and astrocytic Pick bodies were immunolabeled by the anti-3-repeat tau antibody. The anti-4-repeat tau antibody recognized abnormal tubules comprising neurofibrillary tangles, coiled bodies and argyrophilic threads in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration. In the pre-embedding immunoelectron microscopic study using the phosphorylated tau AT8 antibody, tuft-shaped astrocytes of PSP were found to be composed of bundles of abnormal tubules in processes and perikarya of protoplasmic astrocytes. In this study, the 3-repeat tau or 4-repeat tau epitope was detected in situ at the ultrastructural level in abnormal tubules in representative pathological lesions in Pick's disease, PSP and corticobasal degeneration. PMID:17080728

Arima, Kunimasa

2006-10-01

275

Search for the reactions e+e--->mu+tau- and e+e--->e+tau-  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a search for the lepton-flavor-violating processes e+e--->mu+tau- and e+e--->e+tau-. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 211fb-1 recorded by the BABAR experiment at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at a center-of-mass energy of s=10.58GeV. We find no evidence for a signal and set the 90% confidence level upper limits on the cross sections to

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; F. Couderc; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; E. Grauges; A. Palano; J. C. Chen; N. D. Qi; G. Rong; P. Wang; Y. S. Zhu; G. Eigen; I. Ofte; B. Stugu; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; E. Charles; M. S. Gill; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; M. Pripstein; N. A. Roe; M. T. Ronan; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; M. Barrett; K. E. Ford; A. J. Hart; T. J. Harrison; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Lewandowski; M. Pelizaeus; K. Peters; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; J. T. Boyd; J. P. Burke; W. N. Cottingham; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; N. S. Knecht; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; P. Kyberd; M. Saleem; D. J. Sherwood; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu Todyshev; M. Bondioli; M. Bruinsma; M. Chao; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; R. K. Mommsen; W. Roethel; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; O. Long; B. C. Shen; K. Wang; L. Zhang; H. K. Hadavand; E. J. Hill; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; G. Nesom; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; P. Spradlin; D. C. Williams; M. G. Wilson; J. Albert; E. Chen; A. Dvoretskii; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; A. Ryd; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; W. O. Ruddick; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. Chen; E. A. Eckhart; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; Q. Zeng; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; T. Brandt; V. Klose; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; G. Cibinetto; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; G. Brandenburg; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; W. Bhimji; D. A. Bowerman; P. D. Dauncey; U. Egede; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; M. B. Nikolich; W. Panduro Vazquez; D. J. Bard; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; N. T. Meyer; V. Ziegler; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; A. V. Gritsan; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; F. Le Diberder; V. Lepeltier; A. M. Lutz; A. Oyanguren; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; C. H. Cheng; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; C. A. Chavez; I. J. Forster; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; K. A. George; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; F. Di Lodovico; W. Menges; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; P. S. Jackson; T. R. McMahon; S. Ricciardi; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; M. T. Naisbit; J. C. Williams; J. I. Yi; C. Chen; W. D. Hulsbergen; A. Jawahery; C. K. Lae; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; S. Saremi; H. Staengle; R. Cowan; G. Sciolla; S. J. Sekula; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; H. Kim; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; V. Lombardo; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; N. Cavallo; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; C. Gatto; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; P. Paolucci; D. Piccolo; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; J. M. Losecco; T. Allmendinger; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; D. Hufnagel; H. Kagan; R. Kass; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; R. Ter-Antonyan; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube

2007-01-01

276

Physics of a high luminosity collider operated near charm and tau pair thresholds  

SciTech Connect

The current plans for a high luminosity e/sup +/e/sup /minus// collider between 3.0 and 4.4 GeV/c/sup 2/ are described. Such a dedicated facility (The Tau-Charm Factory), operating near tau-pair and charm thresholds would allow studies of the decay of the third generation tau-lepton and the second generation c-quark with unprecedented precision and control of systematics. The charm physics of such a facility is discussed. 24 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs.

Schindler, R.H.

1989-06-01

277

Search for Second-Class Currents in \\tau^-\\to\\omega\\pi^-\  

SciTech Connect

We report on an analysis of {tau}{sup -} decaying into {omega}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}} with {omega} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0} using data containing nearly 320 million tau pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy B-Factory. We find no evidence for second-class currents and set an upper limit at 0.69% at a 90% confidence level for the ratio of second- to first-class currents.

Aubert, Bernard; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, Antimo; Pappagallo, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, Bjarne; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Cahn, Robert N.; Jacobsen, R.G.; /LBL, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Consorzio Milano Ricerche /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /Napoli Seconda U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /Perugia U. /INFN, Perugia /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /Banca di Roma /Frascati /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /South Carolina U. /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /Turin U. /INFN, Turin /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2008-09-03

278

Measurement of Atmospheric Neutrino Flux Consistent with Tau Neutrino Appearance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for the appearance of tau neutrinos from numunutau oscillations in the atmospheric neutrinos has been performed using 1489.2 days of atmospheric neutrino data from the Super-Kamiokande-I experiment. A best fit tau neutrino appearance signal of 138±48(stat)-32+15(syst) events is obtained with an expectation of 78±26(syst). The hypothesis of no tau neutrino appearance is disfavored by 2.4 sigma.

K. Abe; Y. Hayato; T. Iida; K. Ishihara; J. Kameda; Y. Koshio; A. Minamino; C. Mitsuda; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; Y. Obayashi; H. Ogawa; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; A. Takeda; Y. Takeuchi; K. Ueshima; I. Higuchi; C. Ishihara; M. Ishitsuka; T. Kajita; K. Kaneyuki; G. Mitsuka; S. Nakayama; H. Nishino; K. Okumura; C. Saji; Y. Takenaga; Y. Totsuka; S. Clark; S. Desai; F. Dufour; E. Kearns; S. Likhoded; M. Litos; J. L. Raaf; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; W. Wang; M. Goldhaber; D. Casper; J. P. Cravens; W. R. Kropp; D. W. Liu; S. Mine; C. Regis; M. B. Smy; H. W. Sobel; M. R. Vagins; K. S. Ganezer; J. E. Hill; W. E. Keig; J. S. Jang; J. Y. Kim; I. T. Lim; K. Scholberg; N. Tanimoto; C. W. Walter; R. Wendell; R. W. Ellsworth; S. Tasaka; E. Guillian; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; M. D. Messier; A. K. Ichikawa; T. Iwashita; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; T. Nakadaira; K. Nakamura; K. Nitta; Y. Oyama; A. T. Suzuki; M. Hasegawa; I. Kato; H. Maesaka; T. Nakaya; K. Nishikawa; T. Sasaki; H. Sato; S. Yamamoto; M. Yokoyama; T. J. Haines; S. Dazeley; S. Hatakeyama; R. Svoboda; G. W. Sullivan; A. Habig; R. Gran; Y. Fukuda; T. Sato; Y. Itow; T. Koike; C. K. Jung; T. Kato; K. Kobayashi; M. Malek; C. McGrew; A. Sarrat; R. Terri; C. Yanagisawa; N. Tamura; M. Sakuda; M. Sugihara; Y. Kuno; M. Yoshida; S. B. Kim; J. Yoo; T. Ishizuka; H. Okazawa; Y. Choi; H. K. Seo; Y. Gando; T. Hasegawa; K. Inoue; H. Ishii; K. Nishijima; H. Ishino; Y. Watanabe; M. Koshiba; D. Kielczewska; J. Zalipska; H. G. Berns; K. K. Shiraishi; K. Washburn; R. J. Wilkes

2006-01-01

279

Accurate stellar masses in the multiple system T Tau  

E-print Network

The goal of this study is to obtain accurate estimates for the individual masses of the components of the tight binary system T Tau S in order to settle the ongoing debate on the nature of T Tau Sa, a so-called infrared companion. We take advantage of the fact that T Tau S belongs to a triple system composed of two hierarchical orbits to simultaneously analyze the motion of T Tau Sb in the rest frames of T Tau Sa and T Tau N. With this method, it is possible to pinpoint the location of the center of mass of T Tau S and, thereby, to determine individual masses for T Tau Sa and T Tau Sb with no prior assumption about the mass/flux ratio of the system. This improvement over previous studies of the system results in much better constraints on orbital parameters. We find individual masses of 2.73+/-0.31 Msun for T Tau Sa and of 0.61+/-0.17 Msun for T Tau Sb (in agreement with its early-M spectral type), including the uncertainty on the distance to the system. These are among the most precise estimates of the mass of any Pre-Main Sequence star, a remarkable result since this is the first system in which individual masses of T Tauri stars can be determined from astrometry only. This model-independent analysis confirms that T Tau Sa is an intermediate-mass star, presumably a very young Herbig Ae star, that may possess an almost edge-on disk.

G. Duchene; H. Beust; F. Adjali; Q. M. Konopacky; A. M. Ghez

2006-08-01

280

A measurement of electron-tau universality from decays of intermediate vector bosons at the CERNbar pp collider  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ratio of branching fractions of the W decaying to ? and e leptons is measured usingbar pp collisions atsqrt s = 630 GeV. The ratio of the electroweak charged current couplings to the W is then determined to be g {/? W }/ g {/e W }=0.997±0.056 (stat.)±0.042 (syst.). The decay mode Z??+??+ is observed and also found to be consistent with e-? universality.

Alitti, J.; Ambrosini, G.; Ansari, R.; Autiero, D.; Bareyre, P.; Bertram, I. A.; Blaylock, G.; Bonamy, P.; Bonesini, M.; Borer, K.; Bourliaud, M.; Buskulic, D.; Carboni, G.; Cavalli, D.; Cavasinni, V.; Cenci, P.; Chollet, J. C.; Conta, C.; Costa, G.; Costantini, F.; Cozzi, L.; Cravero, A.; Curatolo, M.; Dell'Acqua, A.; Delprete, T.; Dewolf, R. S.; Dilella, L.; Ducros, Y.; Egan, G. F.; Einsweiler, K. F.; Esposito, B.; Fayard, L.; Federspiel, A.; Ferrari, R.; Fraternali, M.; Froidevaux, D.; Fumagalli, G.; Gaillard, J. M.; Gianotti, F.; Gildemeister, O.; Gössling, C.; Goggi, V. G.; Grünendahl, S.; Hara, K.; Hellman, S.; Hrivnac, J.; Hufnagel, H.; Hugentobler, E.; Hultqvist, K.; Iacopini, E.; Incandela, J.; Jakobs, K.; Jenni, P.; Kluge, E. E.; Kurz, N.; Lami, S.; Lariccia, P.; Lefebvre, M.; Linssen, L.; Livan, M.; Lubrano, P.; Magneville, C.; Mandelli, L.; Mapelli, L.; Mazzanti, M.; Meier, K.; Merkel, B.; Meyer, J. P.; Moniez, M.; Moning, R.; Morganti, M.; Müller, L.; Munday, D. J.; Nessi, M.; Nessi-Tedaldi, F.; Onions, C.; Pal, T.; Parker, M. A.; Parrour, G.; Pastore, F.; Pennacchio, E.; Pentney, J. M.; Pepe, M.; Perini, L.; Petridou, C.; Petroff, P.; Plothow-Besch, H.; Polesello, G.; Poppleton, A.; Pretzl, K.; Primavera, M.; Punturo, M.; Repellin, J. P.; Rimoldi, A.; Sacchi, M.; Scampoli, P.; Schacher, J.; Simak, V.; Singh, S. L.; Sondermann, V.; Stapnes, S.; Stirling, A. V.; Talamonti, C.; Tondini, F.; Tovey, S. N.; Tsesmelis, E.; Unal, G.; Valdata-Nappi, M.; Vercesi, V.; Weidberg, A. R.; Wells, P. S.; White, T. O.; Wood, D. R.; Wotton, S. A.; Zaccone, H.; Zylberstejn, A.

1991-06-01

281

Accelerated neurodegeneration through chaperone-mediated oligomerization of tau  

PubMed Central

Aggregation of tau protein in the brain is associated with a class of neurodegenerative diseases known as tauopathies. FK506 binding protein 51 kDa (FKBP51, encoded by FKBP5) forms a mature chaperone complex with Hsp90 that prevents tau degradation. In this study, we have shown that tau levels are reduced throughout the brains of Fkbp5–/– mice. Recombinant FKBP51 and Hsp90 synergized to block tau clearance through the proteasome, resulting in tau oligomerization. Overexpression of FKBP51 in a tau transgenic mouse model revealed that FKBP51 preserved the species of tau that have been linked to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis, blocked amyloid formation, and decreased tangle load in the brain. Alterations in tau turnover and aggregate structure corresponded with enhanced neurotoxicity in mice. In human brains, FKBP51 levels increased relative to age and AD, corresponding with demethylation of the regulatory regions in the FKBP5 gene. We also found that higher FKBP51 levels were associated with AD progression. Our data support a model in which age-associated increases in FKBP51 levels and its interaction with Hsp90 promote neurotoxic tau accumulation. Strategies aimed at attenuating FKBP51 levels or its interaction with Hsp90 have the potential to be therapeutically relevant for AD and other tauopathies. PMID:23999428

Blair, Laura J.; Nordhues, Bryce A.; Hill, Shannon E.; Scaglione, K. Matthew; O'Leary, John C.; Fontaine, Sarah N.; Breydo, Leonid; Zhang, Bo; Li, Pengfei; Wang, Li; Cotman, Carl; Paulson, Henry L.; Muschol, Martin; Uversky, Vladimir N.; Klengel, Torsten; Binder, Elisabeth B.; Kayed, Rakez; Golde, Todd E.; Berchtold, Nicole; Dickey, Chad A.

2013-01-01

282

Nuclear Tau, a Key Player in Neuronal DNA Protection*  

PubMed Central

Tau, a neuronal protein involved in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer disease, which is primarily described as a microtubule-associated protein, has also been observed in the nuclei of neuronal and non-neuronal cells. However, the function of the nuclear form of Tau in neurons has not yet been elucidated. In this work, we demonstrate that acute oxidative stress and mild heat stress (HS) induce the accumulation of dephosphorylated Tau in neuronal nuclei. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, we demonstrate that the capacity of endogenous Tau to interact with neuronal DNA increased following HS. Comet assays performed on both wild-type and Tau-deficient neuronal cultures showed that Tau fully protected neuronal genomic DNA against HS-induced damage. Interestingly, HS-induced DNA damage observed in Tau-deficient cells was completely rescued after the overexpression of human Tau targeted to the nucleus. These results highlight a novel role for nuclear Tau as a key player in early stress response. PMID:21131359

Sultan, Audrey; Nesslany, Fabrice; Violet, Marie; Bégard, Séverine; Loyens, Anne; Talahari, Smail; Mansuroglu, Zeyni; Marzin, Daniel; Sergeant, Nicolas; Humez, Sandrine; Colin, Morvane; Bonnefoy, Eliette; Buée, Luc; Galas, Marie-Christine

2011-01-01

283

Tau Portal Dark Matter models at the LHC  

E-print Network

Motivated by the Galactic Center gamma-ray excess in the Fermi-LAT data, we study the signatures of a class of tau portal dark matter (DM) models where DM particles preferentially couple to tau leptons at the LHC. We consider the constraints from the DM direct detection and investigate the sensitivity of the LHC to di-tau plus missing energy signatures. We find that the LHC with a high luminosity of 3000 fb$^{-1}$ can test the tau portal DM models with fermionic mediators in the mass range of $120\\sim450$ GeV.

Yu, Zhao-Huan; Yan, Qi-Shu; Yin, Peng-Fei

2014-01-01

284

Tau approximation techniques for identification of coefficients in parabolic PDE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A variant of the Tau method, called the weak Tau method, is developed on the basis of the weak form of the PDE for use in least-squares parameter estimation; also presented is a suitable abstract convergence framework. The emphasis is on the theoretical framework that allows treatment of the weak Tau method when it is applied to a wide class of inverse problems, including those for diffusion-advection equations, the Fokker-Planck model for population dynamics, and damped beam equations. Extensive numerical testing of the weak Tau method has demonstrated that it compares quite favorably with existing methods.

Banks, H. T.; Wade, J. G.

1989-01-01

285

Tutorial guide to the tau lepton and close-mass lepton pairs  

SciTech Connect

This is a tutorial guide to present knowledge of the tau lepton, to the tau decay mode puzzle, and to present searches for close-mass lepton pairs. The test is minimal; the emphasis is on figures, tables and literature references. It is based on a lecture given at the 1988 International School of Subnuclear Physics: The Super World III. 54 refs., 9 figs., 7 tabs.

Perl, M.L.

1988-10-01

286

Intermediate overtone oscillations of Tau CYG  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to GCVS (Kholopov et al, 1985) classification Tau Cyg (V=3.70m, F0 IV) is a Delta Scuti type pulsating variable star. However, as is seen from history of its investigations (Paraskevopulos, 1921; Henroteau, 1922; Abt, 1961; Pant et al., 1968; Breger, 1969; Millis, 1969; Fesen, 1973; Bartolini and Dapergolas, 1980; Andrievski and Garbusov, 1987), the conclusions made by different investigators on pulsational activity are ambiguous, and the question on the variability character and possible periodicities remains unsolved for the present, in spite of the stars brightness and the facility for its observations.

Mkritichian, D. E.; Fedotov, Y. T.; Romanov, Y. S.

1995-01-01

287

Heat Shock Protein 70 Prevents both Tau Aggregation and the Inhibitory Effects of Preexisting Tau Aggregates on Fast Axonal Transport  

PubMed Central

Aggregation and accumulation of the microtubule-associated protein tau are associated with cognitive decline and neuronal degeneration in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies. Thus, preventing the transition of tau from a soluble state to insoluble aggregates and/or reversing the toxicity of existing aggregates would represent a reasonable therapeutic strategy for treating these neurodegenerative diseases. Here we demonstrate that molecular chaperones of the heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) family are potent inhibitors of tau aggregation in vitro, preventing the formation of both mature fibrils and oligomeric intermediates. Remarkably, addition of Hsp70 to a mixture of oligomeric and fibrillar tau aggregates prevents the toxic effect of these tau species on fast axonal transport, a critical process for neuronal function. When incubated with preformed tau aggregates, Hsp70 preferentially associated with oligomeric over fibrillar tau, suggesting that prefibrillar oligomeric tau aggregates play a prominent role in tau toxicity. Taken together, our data provide a novel molecular basis for the protective effect of Hsp70 in tauopathies. PMID:22039833

Patterson, Kristina R.; Ward, Sarah M.; Combs, Benjamin; Voss, Kellen; Kanaan, Nicholas M.; Morfini, Gerardo; Brady, Scott T.; Gamblin, T. Chris; Binder, Lester I.

2012-01-01

288

Search for Higgs Bosons Decaying to Tau Pairs in pp-bar Collisions with the D0 Detector  

E-print Network

. Badaud,13 A. Baden,61 L. Bagby,50 B. Baldin,50 D. V. Bandurin,59 P. Banerjee,29 S. Banerjee,29 E. Barberis,63 A.-F. Barfuss,15 P. Bargassa,80 P. Baringer,58 J. Barreto,2 J. F. Bartlett,50 U. Bassler,18 D. Bauer,43 S. Beale,6 A. Bean,58 M. Begalli,3 M..., Charlottesville, Virginia 22901, USA 82University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA (Received 16 May 2008; published 14 August 2008) We present a search for the production of neutral Higgs bosons #1; decaying into #2;#1;#2;#2; final states in p #1;p...

Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Clutter, Justace Randall; Moulik, Tania; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.

2008-08-14

289

Measurements of charged current lepton universality and |Vus| using tau lepton decays to e- ?(e) ?(?), ?- ?(?) ?(?), ?- ?(?), and K- ?(?).  

PubMed

Using 467??fb(-1) of e+e- annihilation data collected with the BABAR detector, we measure (B(?- ? ?- ?(?) ?(?)))/(B(?- ? e- ?(e) ?(?))) =(0.9796±0.0016±0.0036), (B(?- ? ?- ?(?)))/(B(?- ? e- ?(e) ?(?))) = (0.5945±0.0014±0.0061), and (B(?- ? K- ?(?)))/(B(?- ? e- ?(e) ?(?))) = (0.03882±0.00032±0.00057), where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. From these precision ? measurements, we test the standard model assumption of ?-e and ?-? charge current lepton universality and provide determinations of |Vus| experimentally independent of the decay of a kaon. PMID:20867905

Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Ongmongkolkul, P; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Volk, A; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Firmino da Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Biassoni, P; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Franco Sevilla, M; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S

2010-07-30

290

Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Tau Protein in Neurofibrillary Degeneration  

PubMed Central

Tau represents the subunit protein of one of the major hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD), the neurofibrillary tangles, and is therefore of major interest as an indicator of disease mechanisms. Many of the unusual properties of Tau can be explained by its nature as a natively unfolded protein. Examples are the large number of structural conformations and biochemical modifications (phosphorylation, proteolysis, glycosylation, and others), the multitude of interaction partners (mainly microtubules, but also other cytoskeletal proteins, kinases, and phosphatases, motor proteins, chaperones, and membrane proteins). The pathological aggregation of Tau is counterintuitive, given its high solubility, but can be rationalized by short hydrophobic motifs forming ? structures. The aggregation of Tau is toxic in cell and animal models, but can be reversed by suppressing expression or by aggregation inhibitors. This review summarizes some of the structural, biochemical, and cell biological properties of Tau and Tau fibers. Further aspects of Tau as a diagnostic marker and therapeutic target, its involvement in other Tau-based diseases, and its histopathology are covered by other chapters in this volume. PMID:22762014

Mandelkow, Eva-Maria; Mandelkow, Eckhard

2012-01-01

291

Oleuropein and derivatives from olives as Tau aggregation inhibitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tau isoforms constitute a family of microtubule-associated proteins that are mainly expressed in neurons of the central nervous system. They promote the assembly of tubulin monomers into microtubules and modulate their stability, thus playing a key structural role in the distal portion of axons. In Alzheimer's disease and related tauopathies, Tau aggregation into fibrillary tangles contributes to intraneuronal and glial

Anthony Daccache; Cedric Lion; Nathalie Sibille; Melanie Gerard; Christian Slomianny; Guy Lippens; Philippe Cotelle

2011-01-01

292

Identification of nuclear. tau. isoforms in human neuroblastoma cells  

SciTech Connect

The {tau} proteins have been reported only in association with microtubules and with ribosomes in situ, in the normal central nervous system. In addition, {tau} has been shown to be an integral component of paired helical filaments, the principal constituent of the neurofibrillary tangles found in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease and of most aged individuals with Down syndrome (trisomy 21). The authors report here the localization of the well-characterized Tau-1 monoclonal antibody to the nucleolar organizer regions of the acrocentric chromosomes and to their interphase counterpart, the fibrillar component of the nucleolus, in human neuroblastoma cells. Similar localization to the nucleolar organizer regions was also observed in other human cell lines and in one monkey kidney cell line but was not seen in non-primate species. Immunochemically, they further demonstrated the existence of the entire {tau} molecule in the isolated nuclei of neuroblastoma cells. Nuclear {tau} proteins, like the {tau} proteins of the paired helical filaments, cannot be extracted in standard SDS-containing electrophoresis sample buffer but require pretreatment with formic acid prior to immunoblot analysis. This work indicates that {tau} may function in processes not directly associated with microtubules and that highly insoluble complexes of {tau} may also play a role in normal cellular physiology.

Loomis, P.A.; Howard, T.H.; Castleberry, R.P.; Binder, L.I. (Univ. of Alabama, Birmingham (United States))

1990-11-01

293

Morin attenuates tau hyperphosphorylation by inhibiting GSK3?  

PubMed Central

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the major form of age-related dementia and is characterized by progressive cognitive impairment, the accumulation of extracellular amyloid ?-peptide (A?), and intracellular hyperphosphorylated tau aggregates in affected brain regions. Tau hyperphosphorylation and accumulation in neurofibrillary tangles is strongly correlated with cognitive deficits, and is apparently a critical event in the dementia process because mutations in tau can cause a tangle-only form of dementia called frontotemporal lobe dementia. Among kinases that phosphorylate tau, glycogen synthase kinase 3? (GSK3?) is strongly implicated in AD pathogenesis. In the present study, we established an ELISA to screen for agents that inhibit GSK3? activity and found that the flavonoid morin effectively inhibited GSK3? activity and blocked GSK3?-induced tau phosphorylation in vitro. In addition, morin attenuated A?-induced tau phosphorylation and protected human neuroblastoma cells against A? cytotoxicity. Furthermore, treatment of 3×Tg-AD mice with morin resulted in reductions in tau hyperphosphorylation and paired helical filament-like immunoreactivity in hippocampal neurons. Morin is a novel inhibitor of GSK3? that can reduce tau pathology in vivo and may have potential as a therapeutic agent in tauopathies. PMID:21782947

Gong, Eun Ji; Park, Hee Ra; Kim, Mi Eun; Piao, Shunfu; Lee, Eunjin; Jo, Dong-Gyu; Chung, Hae Young; Ha, Nam-Chul; Mattson, Mark P.; Lee, Jaewon

2011-01-01

294

Phosphorylation alters tau distribution and elongates life span in Drosophila.  

PubMed

The microtubule-associated tau protein has long been considered an axon-specific protein. Although many articles describe the subcellular localization of tau as regulated by post-modification in cultured cells, the intracellular regulation of its distribution in living animals has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, we demonstrate that phosphorylation alters tau polarity in Drosophila melanogaster. Interestingly, it was observed that expression of phosphorylation-incompetent tau impaired neurite growth more severely than either hyperphosphorylated or pseudophosphorylated tau. We also found that inducible expression of hyper- or pseudo-phosphorylated tau in adult flies strikingly prolonged their lifespan. This study offers an alternative tauopathic model by demonstrating that hyperphosphorylated tau has a beneficial effect on the nervous system. This is also corroborated by common effects seen in a variety of organisms in response to various stresses. We hope that this important animal model leads to a paradigm shift in thinking about hyperphosphorylated tau, which plays a protective role in nervous systems rather than the toxic role that many have historically been given to it. PMID:20555141

Yeh, Po-An; Chang, Ching-Jin; Tu, Pong-Hsien; Wilson, Harry Iain; Chien, Ju-Yi; Tang, Chiou-Yang; Su, Ming-Tsan

2010-01-01

295

Tau Leaping Stochastic Simulation Method in P Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. Stochastic simulations based on the tau leaping method are applicable to well stirred chemical reaction systems occurring inside a single xed volume. In this paper we propose a novel method, based on the tau leaping procedure, for the simulation of complex systems composed by several communicating regions. The new method is here applied to dynamical probabilistic P systems, which

Paolo Cazzaniga; Dario Pescini; Daniela Besozzi; Giancarlo Mauri

2006-01-01

296

Regulation of Tau Phosphorylation in Microtubule Fractions by Apolipoprotein E  

E-print Network

pathology correlates with the clinical severity of AD. Certain apolipoprotein E (apoE) isoforms have been an interaction and potentially modulatory effects on tau hyperphosphorylation by the different apoE isoforms. In these studies, we directly tested the effects of apoE, E2 ,E3, and E4 on AD-like phosphorylation of tau in brain

Wood, John G.

297

Transport and diffusion of Tau protein in neurons.  

PubMed

In highly polarized and elongated cells such as neurons, Tau protein must enter and move down the axon to fulfill its biological task of stabilizing axonal microtubules. Therefore, cellular systems for distributing Tau molecules are needed. This review discusses different mechanisms that have been proposed to contribute to the dispersion of Tau molecules in neurons. They include (1) directed transport along microtubules as cargo of tubulin complexes and/or motor proteins, (2) diffusion, either through the cytosolic space or along microtubules, and (3) mRNA-based mechanisms such as transport of Tau mRNA into axons and local translation. Diffusion along the microtubule lattice or through the cytosol appear to be the major mechanisms for axonal distribution of Tau protein in the short-to-intermediate range over distances of up to a millimetre. The high diffusion coefficients ensure that Tau can distribute evenly throughout the axonal volume as well as along microtubules. Motor protein-dependent transport of Tau dominates over longer distances and time scales. At low near-physiological levels, Tau is co-transported along with short microtubules from cell bodies into axons by cytoplasmic dynein and kinesin family members at rates of slow axonal transport. PMID:24687422

Scholz, Tim; Mandelkow, Eckhard

2014-08-01

298

Structural Polymorphism of 441Residue Tau at Single Residue Resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alzheimer disease is characterized by abnormal protein deposits in the brain, such as extracellular amyloid plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles. The tangles are made of a protein called tau comprising 441 residues in its longest isoform. Tau belongs to the class of natively unfolded proteins, binds to and stabilizes microtubules, and partially folds into an ordered b-structure during aggregation to

Marco D. Mukrasch; Stefan Bibow; Jegannath Korukottu; Sadasivam Jeganathan; Jacek Biernat; Christian Griesinger; Eckhard Mandelkow; Markus Zweckstetter

2009-01-01

299

Structural Polymorphism of 441Residue Tau at Single Residue Resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alzheimer disease is characterized by abnormal protein deposits in the brain, such as extracellular amyloid plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles. The tangles are made of a protein called tau comprising 441 residues in its longest isoform. Tau belongs to the class of natively unfolded proteins, binds to and stabilizes microtubules, and partially folds into an ordered ?-structure during aggregation to

Marco D Mukrasch; Stefan Bibow; Jegannath Korukottu; Sadasivam Jeganathan; Jacek Biernat; Christian Griesinger; Eckhard Mandelkow; Markus Zweckstetter

2009-01-01

300

The physiology and pathology of microtubule-associated protein tau.  

PubMed

Tau belongs to the family of microtubule-associated proteins predominantly expressed in neurons where they play an important role in promoting microtubule assembly and stabilizing microtubules. In addition, tau proteins interact with other cytoskeletal elements to allow spacing between microtubules. Recent studies have shown that tau is also actively involved in regulating cell viability and activity. Translated from a single gene located on chromosome 17q21, six isoforms of tau are produced by alternative splicing in adult human brain. Due to multiple post-translational modifications, heterogeneous tau species with a wide range of apparent molecular masses have been observed by denaturing polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. Since tau gene mutations and abnormal post-translational modifications have been detected in over 20 neurodegenerative disorders, namely the tauopathies, tau has gained widespread attention as a target protein in Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. In the present chapter, research progress regarding physiology and pathology of tau is reviewed, particularly in terms of the role of post-translational modification. PMID:25131590

Wang, Jian-Zhi; Gao, Xinya; Wang, Zhi-Hao

2014-01-01

301

Research Report Females exhibit more extensive amyloid, but not tau,  

E-print Network

models of AD develop AD-related amyloid beta (Abeta) and/or tau pathology, gender differences have mice Amyloid beta Beta-secretase Neprilysin Gender difference Oligomer Tau Hyperphosphorylation B R A I of Neurosciences, University of California San Diego, School of Medicine, San Diego, CA 92093, USA j

Klein, William

302

Oleuropein and derivatives from olives as Tau aggregation inhibitors.  

PubMed

Tau isoforms constitute a family of microtubule-associated proteins that are mainly expressed in neurons of the central nervous system. They promote the assembly of tubulin monomers into microtubules and modulate their stability, thus playing a key structural role in the distal portion of axons. In Alzheimer's disease and related tauopathies, Tau aggregation into fibrillary tangles contributes to intraneuronal and glial lesions. We report herein the ability of three natural phenolic derivatives obtained from olives and derived food products to prevent such Tau fibrillization in vitro, namely hydroxytyrosol, oleuropein, and oleuropein aglycone. The latter was found to be more active than the reference Tau aggregation inhibitor methylene blue on both wild-type and P301L Tau proteins, inhibiting fibrillization at low micromolar concentrations. These findings might provide further experimental support for the beneficial nutritional properties of olives and olive oil as well as a chemical scaffold for the development of new drugs aiming at neurodegenerative tauopathies. PMID:21333710

Daccache, Anthony; Lion, Cedric; Sibille, Nathalie; Gerard, Melanie; Slomianny, Christian; Lippens, Guy; Cotelle, Philippe

2011-05-01

303

Higgs boson to di-tau channel in chargino-neutralino searches at the LHC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider chargino-neutralino production, $\\tilde{\\chi}_2^0 \\tilde{\\chi}_1^\\pm \\to (h \\tilde{\\chi}_1^0)(W^\\pm \\tilde{\\chi}_1^0)$, which results in Higgs boson final states that subsequently decay (inclusively) to leptons (either $h\\rightarrow \\tau^+\\tau^-$ or $h\\rightarrow W^+W^- \\to (e^+e^-, \\mu^+\\mu^-, \\tau^+\\tau^-)+E_T^\\mathrm{miss}$). Such channels are dominant in large regions of the allowed supersymmetric parameter space for many concrete supersymmetric models. The existence of leptons allows for good control over the backgrounds, rendering this channel competitive to the conventional $h\\rightarrow b\\bar{b}$ channel that has been previously used to impose constraints. We include hadronic decays of the $\\tau$ leptons in our analysis through a $\\tau$-identification algorithm. We consider integrated luminosities of 100 fb$^{-1}$, 300 fb$^{-1}$ and 3000 fb$^{-1}$, for an LHC running at $pp$ centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV and provide the expected constraints on the $M_2$-$M_1$ plane.

Papaefstathiou, Andreas; Sakurai, Kazuki; Takeuchi, Michihisa

2014-08-01

304

Measurement of the {ital {tau}} Neutrino Helicity and Michel Parameters in Polarized {ital e}{sup +}{ital e}{sup -} Collisions  

SciTech Connect

We present a new measurement of the {tau} neutrino helicity h{sub {nu}{sub {tau}}} and the {tau} Michel parameters {rho} , {eta} , {xi} , and the product {delta}{xi} . The analysis exploits the highly polarized SLC electron beam to extract these quantities directly from a measurement of the {tau} decay spectra, using the 1993{endash}1995 SLD data sample of 4328 e{sup +}e{sup -}{r_arrow}Z{sup 0}{r_arrow}{tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} events. From the decays {tau}{r_arrow}{pi}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{r_arrow}{rho}{nu}{sub {tau}} we obtain a combined value h{sub {nu}{sub {tau}}}=-0.93{plus_minus}0.10{plus_minus} 0.04 . The leptonic decay channels yield combined values of {rho}=0.72{plus_minus}0.09{plus_minus}0.03 , {xi}=1.05{plus_minus}0.35{plus_minus}0.04 , and {delta}{xi}=0.88{plus_minus}0.27{plus_minus}0.04 . {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Steiner, R. [Adelphi University, Garden City, New York 11530 (United States); Benvenuti, A.C. [INFN Sezione di Bologna, I-40126 Bologna (Italy); Coller, J.A.; Hedges, S.J.; Johnson, A.S.; Shank, J.T.; Whitaker, J.S. [Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Allen, N.J.; Cotton, R.; Dervan, P.J.; Hasan, A.; McKemey, A.K.; Watts, S.J. [Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH (United Kingdom); Caldwell, D.O.; Lu, A.; Yellin, S.J. [University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Coyne, D.G.; Fernandez, J.P.; Liu, X.; Reinertsen, P.L.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B.A.; Williams, D.A. [University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064 (United States); DOliveira, A.; Johnson, R.A.; Meadows, B.T.; Nussbaum, M. [University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 (United States); Dima, M.; Harton, J.L.; Smy, M.B.; Wilson, R.J. [Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States); Baranko, G.; Fahey, S.; Fan, C.; Krishna, N.M.; Lauber, J.A.; Nauenberg, U.; Wagner, D.L. [University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Bazarko, A.O.; Bolton, T.; Rowson, P.C.; Shaevitz, M.H. [Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Camanzi, B.; Mazzucato, E.; Piemontese, L. [INFN Sezione di Ferrara and Universita di Ferrara, I-44100 Ferrara (Italy); Calcaterra, A.; De Sangro, R.; Peruzzi, I.; Piccolo, M. [INFN Lab.Nazionali di Frascati, I-00044 Frascati (Italy); Eisenstein, B.I.; Gladding, G.; Karliner, I. [University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Shapiro, G.; Steiner, H. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Bardon, O.; Burrows, P.N.; Busza, W.; Cowan, R.F.; Dong, D.N.; Fero, M.J.; Gonzalez, S.; Kendall, H.W.; Lath, A.; Lia, V.; Osborne, L.S.; Quigley, J.; Taylor, F.E.; Torrence, E.; Verdier, R.; Williams, D.C.; and others

1997-06-01

305

Curr Alzheimer Res . Author manuscript Early Tau pathology involving the septo-hippocampal pathway in a Tau  

E-print Network

Curr Alzheimer Res . Author manuscript Page /1 7 Early Tau pathology involving the septo-hippocampal pathway in a Tau transgenic model: relevance to Alzheimers disease' Karim Belarbi , Katharina Schindowski.buee@inserm.fr > Abstract Alzheimer s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by amyloid deposits

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

306

Pharmacologic reductions of total tau levels; implications for the role of microtubule dynamics in regulating tau expression  

PubMed Central

The microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) is a pathological component of several neurodegenerative diseases and clinical dementias. Here, we have investigated the effects of a series of commercially available FDA-approved compounds and natural products on total tau protein levels using a cell-based approach that allows for the rapid and efficient measurement of changes in protein expression. Results The compounds that reduced tau largely fell within 3 functional categories with the largest percentage being microtubule regulators. Several of these candidates were validated in both a human neuroglioma and a human neuroblastoma cell line. While these drugs lead to a rapid reduction in tau protein levels, a selective decrease in MAPT mRNA expression was also observed. Conclusion These findings suggest that the identified compounds that reduce tau levels may act either through direct effects on the MAPT promoter itself or by altering a feedback transcriptional mechanism regulating MAPT transcription. This is particularly interesting in light of recent evidence suggesting that MAPT 5' UTR mutations in late-onset PD and PSP cases alter the expression of tau mRNA. In fact, one of the compounds we identified, rotenone, has been used extensively to model PD in rodents. These observations may provide key insights into the mechanism of tau turnover within the neuron while also providing the first evidence that selectively reducing tau protein levels may be possible using compounds that are FDA-approved for other uses. PMID:16930453

Dickey, Chad A; Ash, Peter; Klosak, Natalia; Lee, Wing C; Petrucelli, Leonard; Hutton, Michael; Eckman, Christopher B

2006-01-01

307

Histone deacetylase 6 inhibition improves memory and reduces total tau levels in a mouse model of tau deposition  

PubMed Central

Introduction Tau pathology is associated with a number of age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Few treatments have been demonstrated to diminish the impact of tau pathology in mouse models and none are yet effective in humans. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is an enzyme that removes acetyl groups from cytoplasmic proteins, rather than nuclear histones. Its substrates include tubulin, heat shock protein 90 and cortactin. Tubastatin A is a selective inhibitor of HDAC6. Modification of tau pathology by specific inhibition of HDAC6 presents a potential therapeutic approach in tauopathy. Methods We treated rTg4510 mouse models of tau deposition and non-transgenic mice with tubastatin (25 mg/kg) or saline (0.9%) from 5 to 7 months of age. Cognitive behavior analysis, histology and biochemical analysis were applied to access the effect of tubastatin on memory, tau pathology and neurodegeneration (hippocampal volume). Results We present data showing that tubastatin restored memory function in rTg4510 mice and reversed a hyperactivity phenotype. We further found that tubastatin reduced the levels of total tau, both histologically and by western analysis. Reduction in total tau levels was positively correlated with memory improvement in these mice. However, there was no impact on phosphorylated forms of tau, either by histology or western analysis, nor was there an impact on silver positive inclusions histologically. Conclusion Potential mechanisms by which HDAC6 inhibitors might benefit the rTg4510 mouse include stabilization of microtubules secondary to increased tubulin acetylation, increased degradation of tau secondary to increased acetylation of HSP90 or both. These data support the use of HDAC6 inhibitors as potential therapeutic agents against tau pathology. PMID:24576665

2014-01-01

308

Overexpression of Wild-Type Murine Tau Results in Progressive Tauopathy and Neurodegeneration  

PubMed Central

Here, we describe the generation and characterization of a novel tau transgenic mouse model (mTau) that overexpresses wild-type murine tau protein by twofold compared with endogenous levels. Transgenic tau expression was driven by a BAC transgene containing the entire wild-type mouse tau locus, including the endogenous promoter and the regulatory elements associated with the tau gene. The mTau model therefore differs from other tau models in that regulation of the genomic mouse transgene mimics that of the endogenous gene, including normal exon splicing regulation. Biochemical data from the mTau mice demonstrated that modest elevation of mouse tau leads to tau hyperphosphorylation at multiple pathologically relevant epitopes and accumulation of sarkosyl-insoluble tau. The mTau mice show a progressive increase in hyperphosphorylated tau pathology with age up to 15 to 18 months, which is accompanied by gliosis and vacuolization. In contrast, older mice show a decrease in tau pathology levels, which may represent hippocampal neuronal loss occurring in this wild-type model. Collectively, these results describe a novel model of tauopathy that develops pathological changes reminiscent of early stage Alzheimer’s disease and other related neurodegenerative diseases, achieved without overexpression of a mutant human tau transgene. This model will provide an important tool for understanding the early events leading to the development of tau pathology and a model for analysis of potential therapeutic targets for sporadic tauopathies. PMID:19717642

Adams, Stephanie J.; Crook, Richard J.P.; DeTure, Michael; Randle, Suzanne J.; Innes, Amy E.; Yu, Xin Z.; Lin, Wen-Lang; Dugger, Brittany N.; McBride, Melinda; Hutton, Mike; Dickson, Dennis W.; McGowan, Eileen

2009-01-01

309

Human Stem Cell-Derived Neurons: A System to Study Human Tau Function and Dysfunction  

PubMed Central

Background Intracellular filamentous deposits containing microtubule-associated protein tau constitute a defining characteristic of many neurodegenerative disorders. Current experimental models to study tau pathology in vitro do not usually recapitulate the tau expression pattern characteristic of adult human brain. In this study, we have investigated whether human embryonic stem cell-derived neurons could be a good model to study human tau distribution, function and dysfunction. Methodology/Principal Findings Using RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, western blotting and cell transfections we have investigated whether all 6 adult human brain tau isoforms are expressed in neurons derived from human embryonic and fetal stem cells and whether 4 repeat tau over-expression alone, or with the F3 tau repeat fragment, (amino acid 258–380 of the 2N4R tau isoform with the ?K280 mutation) affects tau distribution. We found that the shortest 3 repeat tau isoform, similarly to human brain, is the first to be expressed during neuronal differentiation while the other 5 tau isoforms are expressed later. Over expression of tau with 4 repeats affects tau cellular distribution and the short tau F3 fragment appears to increase tau phosphorylation but this effect does not appear to be toxic for the cell. Conclusions Our results indicate that human embryonic stem cell-derived neurons express all 6 tau isoforms and are a good model in which to study tau physiology and pathology. PMID:21085657

Iovino, Mariangela; Patani, Rickie; Watts, Colin; Chandran, Siddharthan; Spillantini, Maria Grazia

2010-01-01

310

Elimination of spurious eigenvalues in the Chebyshev tau spectral method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spectral methods have been used to great advantage in hydrodynamic stability calculations; the concepts are described in Orszag's seminal application of the Chebyshev tau method to the Orr-Sommerfeld equation for plane Poiseuille flow in 1971. Orszag discusses both the Chebyshev Galerkin and the Chebyshev tau methods, but presents results for the tau method, which is easier to implement than the Galerkin method. The tau method has the disadvantage that two unstable eigenvalues are produced that are artifacts of the discretization. An extremely simple modification to the Chebyshev tau method is presented which eliminates the spurious eigenvalues. First a simplified model of the Orr-Sommerfeld equation discussed by Gottlieb and Orszag was studied. Then the Chebyshev tau method is considered, which has two spurious eigenvalues, and then a modification which eliminates them is described. Finally, results for the Orr-Sommerfeld equation are considered where the modified tau method also eliminates the spurious eigenvalues. The simplicity of the modification makes it a convenient alternative to other approaches to the problem.

Mcfadden, G. B.; Murray, B. T.; Boisvert, R. F.

1989-01-01

311

Ionizing radiation causes increased tau phosphorylation in primary neurons.  

PubMed

Radiotherapy is the major treatment modality for primary and metastatic brain tumors which involves the exposure of brain to ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation can induce various detrimental pathophysiological effects in the adult brain, and Alzheimer's disease and related neurodegenerative disorders are considered to be late effects of radiation. In this study, we investigated whether ionizing radiation causes changes in tau phosphorylation in cultured primary neurons similar to that in Alzheimer's disease. We demonstrated that exposure to 0.5 or 2 Gy ? rays causes increased phosphorylation of tau protein at several phosphorylation sites in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Consistently, we also found ionizing radiation causes increased activation of GSK3?, c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase before radiation-induced increase in tau phosphorylation. Specific inhibitors of these kinases almost fully blocked radiation-induced tau phosphorylation. Our studies further revealed that oxidative stress plays an important role in ionizing radiation-induced tau phosphorylation, likely through the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase, but not GSK3?. Overall, our studies suggest that ionizing radiation may cause increased risk for development of Alzheimer's disease by promoting abnormal tau phosphorylation. Alzheimer disease is considered as a significant radiation late effect. In this study, we investigated whether ionizing radiation causes changes in tau phosphorylation and found that ? rays cause increased tau phosphorylation at multiple sites in a dose and time-dependent manner in primary neurons which are mediated by oxidative stress-dependent activation of JNK and ERK. Oxidative stress-independent activation of GSK3? is also involved. Overall, our studies suggest that ionizing radiation may cause increased risk for Alzheimer disease development by promoting abnormal tau phosphorylation. PMID:24861936

Li, Li; Wang, Wenzhang; Welford, Scott; Zhang, Teng; Wang, Xinglong; Zhu, Xiongwei

2014-10-01

312

Study of t anti-t production in tau jets channel at CDFII using neural networks  

SciTech Connect

CDF (Collider Detector at Fermilab) is a particle detector located at Fermi National Laboratories, near Chicago. it allows to study decay products of p{bar p} collisions at center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. During its first period of data taking (RunI), CDF observed for the first time the top quark (1995). The current period of data taking (RunII) is devoted to precise measurements of top properties and to search for new physics. This thesis work is about the top decay channel named {tau} + jets. A t{bar t} pair decays in two W bosons and two b quarks. In a {tau} + jets event, one out of the two W decays into two jets of hadrons, while the other produces a {tau} lepton and a neutrino; the {tau} decays semileptonically in one or more charged and neutral pions while b quarks hadronize producing two jets of particles. Thus the final state of a {tau} + jets event has this specific signature: five jets, one {tau}-like, i.e. narrow and with low track multiplicity, two from b quarks, two from a W boson and a large amount of missing energy from two {tau} neutrinos. They search for this signal in 311 pb{sup -1} of data collected with TOP{_}MULTIJET trigger. They use neural networks to separate signal from background and on the selected sample they perform a t{bar t} production cross section measurement. The thesis is structured as follows: in Chapter 1 they outline the physics of top and {tau}, concentrating on their discovery, production mechanisms and current physics results involving them. Chapter 2 is devoted to the description of the experimental setup: the accelerator complex first and CDF detector then. The trigger system is described in Chapter 3, while Chapter 4 shows how particles are reconstructed exploiting information from different CDF subdetectors. With Chapter 5 they begin to present their analysis: we use a feed forward neural network based on a minimization algorithm developed in Trento University, called Reactive Taboo Search (RTS), especially designed to rapidly escape from local minima. Using this neural network, they explore two techniques to select t{bar t} {yields} {tau} + jets events, the first based on a single net, the second on two neural networks in cascade; both techniques are described in Chapter 6, together with the variables used as inputs for the nets. Finally, in Chapter 7 they present a method to measure cross section on the sample of events selected by neural networks.

Amerio, Silvia; /Trento U.

2005-12-01

313

Soluble forms of tau are toxic in Alzheimer's disease  

PubMed Central

Accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), intracellular inclusions of fibrillar forms of tau, is a hallmark of Alzheimer Disease. NFT have been considered causative of neuronal death, however, recent evidence challenges this idea. Other species of tau, such as soluble misfolded, hyperphosphorylated, and mislocalized forms, are now being implicated as toxic. Here we review the data supporting soluble tau as toxic to neurons and synapses in the brain and the implications of these data for development of therapeutic strategies for Alzheimer’s disease and other tauopathies. PMID:23029602

Kopeikina, Katherine J; Hyman, Bradley T; Spires-Jones, Tara L

2012-01-01

314

Molecular chaperone-mediated tau protein metabolism counteracts the formation of granular tau oligomers in human brain.  

PubMed

Intracellular accumulation of filamentous tau proteins is a defining feature of neurodegenerative diseases termed tauopathies. The pathogenesis of tauopathies remains largely unknown. Molecular chaperones such as heat shock proteins (HSPs), however, have been implicated in tauopathies as well as in other neurodegenerative diseases characterized by the accumulation of insoluble protein aggregates. To search for in vivo evidence of chaperone-related tau protein metabolism, we analyzed human brains with varying degrees of neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) pathology, as defined by Braak NFT staging. Quantitative analysis of soluble protein levels revealed significant positive correlations between tau and Hsp90, Hsp40, Hsp27, alpha-crystallin, and CHIP. An inverse correlation was observed between the levels of HSPs in each specimen and the levels of granular tau oligomers, the latter of which were isolated from brain as intermediates of tau filaments. We speculate that HSPs function as regulators of soluble tau protein levels, and, once the capacity of this chaperone system is saturated, granular tau oligomers form virtually unabated. This is expressed pathologically as an early sign of NFT formation. The molecular basis of chaperone-mediated protection against neurodegeneration might lead to the development of therapeutics for tauopathies. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. PMID:17628496

Sahara, N; Maeda, S; Yoshiike, Y; Mizoroki, T; Yamashita, S; Murayama, M; Park, J-M; Saito, Y; Murayama, S; Takashima, A

2007-11-01

315

Search for a low-mass scalar Higgs boson decaying to a tau pair in single-photon decays of ?(1S)  

E-print Network

We search for a low-mass scalar CP-odd Higgs boson, A[superscript 0], produced in the radiative decay of the upsilon resonance and decaying into a ?[superscript +]?[superscript ?] pair: ?(1S) ? ?A[superscript 0]. The ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

316

Chronic noise exposure causes persistence of tau hyperphosphorylation and formation of NFT tau in the rat hippocampus and prefrontal cortex.  

PubMed

The non-auditory effects of noise exposure on the central nervous system have been established both epidemiologically and experimentally. Chronic noise exposure (CNE) has been associated with tau hyperphosphorylation and Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like pathological changes. However, experimental evidence for these associations remains limited. The aim of the current study was to explore the effects of CNE [100 dB sound pressure level (SPL) white noise, 4 h/d×14 d] on tau phosphorylation in the rat hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex. Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two groups: a noise-exposed group and a control group. The levels of radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA)-soluble and RIPA-insoluble phosphorylated tau at Ser202, Ser396, Ser404, and Ser422 in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex were measured at different time points (days 0, 3, 7, and 14) after the end of the last noise exposure. Exposure to white noise for 14 consecutive days significantly increased the levels of tau phosphorylation at Ser202, Ser396, Ser404, and Ser422, the sites typically phosphorylated in AD brains, in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex. Tau hyperphosphorylation persisted for 7 to 14 d after the cessation of noise exposure. These alterations were also concomitant with the generation of pathological neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) tau 3, 7 and 14 d after the end of the stimulus. Furthermore, lasting increases in proteins involved in hyperphosphorylation, namely glycogen synthase kinase 3? (GSK3?) and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), were found to occur in close correspondence with increase in tau hyperphosphorylation. The results of this study show that CNE leads to long-lasting increases in non-NFT hyperphosphorylated tau and delayed formation of misfolded NFT tau in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex. Our results also provide evidence for the involvement of GSK3? and PP2A in these processes. PMID:22971273

Cui, Bo; Zhu, Lixing; She, Xiaojun; Wu, Mingquan; Ma, Qiang; Wang, Tianhui; Zhang, Na; Xu, Chuanxiang; Chen, Xuewei; An, Gaihong; Liu, Hongtao

2012-12-01

317

Multicenter assessment of CSF-phosphorylated tau for the prediction of conversion of MCI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The measurement of hyperphosphorylated tau (p-tau) in CSF has been proposed as a biomarker candidate for the prediction of Alzheimer disease (AD) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, a standard quantitative criterion of p-tau has not been evaluated. Objective: To assess in a multicenter study the predictive accuracy of an a priori defined criterion of tau phosphorylated

M. Ewers; K. Buerger; S. J. Teipel; P. Scheltens; J. Schroder; R. P. Zinkowski; F. H. Bouwman; P. Schonknecht; N. S. M. Schoonenboom; N. Andreasen; A. Wallin; J. F. DeBernardis; D. J. Kerkman; B. Heindl; K. Blennow; H. Hampel

2007-01-01

318

Serum tau protein as a marker for the diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total tau protein (t-tau) levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (CSF-tau) are markedly elevated in patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob\\u000a disease (CJD). Some CSF-tau may leak into the blood. We evaluated t-tau levels in serum (serum-tau) as a possible marker for\\u000a the differential diagnosis of CJD from Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other rapidly progressive dementias (RPD). Serum- and\\u000a CSF-tau levels were determined in

Moeko Noguchi-Shinohara; Tsuyoshi Hamaguchi; Ichiro Nozaki; Kenji Sakai; Masahito Yamada

319

Neuronal uptake of tau/pS422 antibody and reduced progression of tau pathology in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

The severity of tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease brain correlates closely with disease progression. Tau immunotherapy has therefore been proposed as a new therapeutic approach to Alzheimer's disease and encouraging results have been obtained by active or passive immunization of tau transgenic mice. This work investigates the mechanism by which immunotherapy can impact tau pathology. We demonstrate the development of Alzheimer's disease-like tau pathology in a triple transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease and show that tau/pS422 is present in membrane microdomains on the neuronal cell surface. Chronic, peripheral administration of anti-tau/pS422 antibody reduces the accumulation of tau pathology. The unequivocal presence of anti-tau/pS422 antibody inside neurons and in lysosomes is demonstrated. We propose that anti-tau/pS422 antibody binds to membrane-associated tau/pS422 and that the antigen-antibody complexes are cleared intracellularly, thereby offering one explanation for how tau immunotherapy can ameliorate neuronal tau pathology. PMID:25085375

Collin, Ludovic; Bohrmann, Bernd; Göpfert, Ulrich; Oroszlan-Szovik, Krisztina; Ozmen, Laurence; Grüninger, Fiona

2014-10-01

320

Hadrons and Glue at a Tau-Charm Factory  

E-print Network

I discuss the special opportunities that a Tau-Charm Factory offers for identifying gluonic excitations, hybrid charmonium and other exotic hadronic states. (Invited talk at TCF Workshop, Marbella, 1-6June)

Frank Close

1993-07-12

321

Characterization of tau proteins in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line.  

PubMed

Here we report three experimental paradigms in which tau proteins are differentially localized and expressed in human neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y. We found that in undifferentiated cells, tau proteins were predominantly localized in the nucleus. Western blot analysis of nuclear extracts revealed, among the others, a high molecular weight tau isoform and evaluation of tau mRNA levels showed a single tau isoform. After differentiation, tau immunoreactivity was detected only in cytosol and along neuritic processes. The high molecular weight tau isoform disappeared and an additional tau mRNA species was detected. Treatment of differentiated cells with doxorubicin or okadaic acid resulted in an increase of tau immunoreactivity and in a subsequent cell loss. Our results indicate that both subcellular localization and pattern of expression of tau proteins vary depending on the developmental and functional state of the cells, thus suggesting different roles in cell function. PMID:9406891

Uberti, D; Rizzini, C; Spano, P F; Memo, M

1997-10-17

322

Atmospheric neutrino oscillations and tau neutrinos in ice  

E-print Network

The main goal of the IceCube Deep Core Array is to search for neutrinos of astrophysical origins. Atmospheric neutrinos are commonly considered as a background for these searches. We show here that cascade measurements in the Ice Cube Deep Core Array can provide strong evidence for tau neutrino appearance in atmospheric neutrino oscillations. A careful study of these tau neutrinos is crucial, since they constitute an irreducible background for astrophysical neutrino detection.

Gerardo Giordano; Olga Mena; Irina Mocioiu

2010-04-20

323

Physics of a high-luminosity Tau-Charm Factory  

SciTech Connect

This paper highlights the physics capabilities of a Tau-Charm Factory; i.e., high luminosity ({approximately}10{sup 33}cm{sup {minus}2}s{sup {minus}1}) e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} collider operating in the center-of-mass energy range of 3-5 GeV, with a high-precision, general-purpose detector. Recent developments in {tau} and charm physics are emphasized.

King, M.E.

1992-10-01

324

Taurine bromamine (TauBr) - its role in immunity and new perspectives for clinical use  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review is an attempt to summarize our knowledge about taurine bromamine (TauBr) properties, its role in innate immunity and its therapeutic potential. TauBr and taurine chloramine (TauCl) are major haloamines generated by eosinophils and neutrophils at a site of inflammation. Both haloamines share anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. TauBr, similarly to TauCl, decreases the production of proinflammatory mediators. Their anti-inflammatory

Janusz Marcinkiewicz

2010-01-01

325

The Triple Binary Star EQ Tau with an Active Component  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New photometric data of EQ Tau observed in 2010 and 2013 are presented. Light curves obtained in 2000 and 2004 by Yuan & Qian and 2001 by Yang & Liu, together with our two newly determined sets of light curves, were analyzed using the Wilson-Devinney code. The five sets of light curves exhibit very obvious variations, implying that the light curves of EQ Tau show a strong O'Connell effect. We found that EQ Tau is an A-type shallow contact binary with a contact degree of f = 11.8%; variable dark spots on the primary component of EQ Tau were also observed. Using 10 new times of minimum light, together with those collected from the literature, the orbital period change of EQ Tau was analyzed. We found that its orbital period includes a secular decrease (dP/dt = -3.63 × 10-8 days yr-1) and a cyclic oscillation (A 3 = 0.0058 days and P 3 = 22.7 yr). The secular increase of the period can be explained by mass transfer from the more massive component to the less massive one or/and angular momentum loss due to a magnetic stellar wind. The Applegate mechanism cannot explain the cyclic orbital period change. A probable transit-like event was observed in 2010. Therefore, the cyclic orbital period change of EQ Tau may be due to the light time effect of a third body.

Li, K.; Qian, S.-B.; Hu, S.-M.; He, J.-J.

2014-05-01

326

Preliminary Measurement of B(tau- ---> K- pi0 nu/tau) Using the BaBar Detector  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary measurement of the branching fraction {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) is made using 124.4 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} collision data provided by the PEP-II accelerator, operating primarily at {radical}s = 10.58 GeV, and recorded using the BABAR detector. They measure: {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -} {pi}{sup 0}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.438 {+-} 0.004(stat) {+-} 0.022(syst))%. This result is the world's most precise measurement of this branching fraction to date and is consistent with the world average.

Salvatore, F.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; Lyon, A.J.; /Manchester U.

2005-07-08

327

Measurements of the Top-quark Mass and the $t\\bar{t}$ Cross Section in the Hadronic $\\tau +$ Jets Decay Channel at $\\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV  

SciTech Connect

We present the first direct measurement of the top-quark mass using t{bar t} events decaying in the hadronic {tau} + jets decay channel. Using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 fb{sup -1} collected by the CDF II detector in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron, we measure the t{bar t} cross section, {sigma}{sub t{bar t}}, and the top-quark mass, M{sub top}. We extract M{sub top} from a likelihood based on per-event probabilities calculated with leading-order signal and background matrix elements. We measure {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 8.8 {+-} 3.3 (stat) {+-} 2.2 (syst) p