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1

A Quality Teacher in Every Classroom: Improving Teacher Quality and Enhancing the Profession.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the No Child Left Behind Act and various budget proposals, President Bush is addressing the challenges of teacher quality and teacher training byassisting states and districts as they strive to improve teacher quality, taking specific steps to enhance the teaching profession and work environment, and providing new tools for teachers in…

Executive Office of the President, Washington, DC.

2

Mentoring: Findings from a Title II Teacher Quality Enhancement Grant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban Impact is a Title II Teacher Quality Enhancement Act partnership grant supporting the development of new strategies and structures to strengthen the preparation and development of beginning teachers in urban settings in Tennessee. This study evaluated the success of Urban Impact in establishing professional and social supports for the first…

Suters, Leslie A.; Kershaw, Cheryl

3

Enhancing Quality Assurance through Teachers' Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is the tendency to think that factors of teachers' effectiveness could be defined in terms of teacher characteristics, his experiences, his cognitive and affective properties, the conditions to which he has to adjust and the characteristics of the school, classroom and student. Although each of these characteristics may contribute to…

Adegbile, J. A.; Adeyemi, B. A.

2008-01-01

4

Curricular Innovations: Findings from a Title II Teacher Quality Enhancement Grant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban Impact is a Title II Teacher Quality Enhancement Act partnership grant supporting the development of new strategies and structures to strengthen the preparation and development of beginning teachers in urban settings in Tennessee. This study evaluated the success of Urban Impact in restructuring university coursework and university/school…

Suters, Leslie A.; Kershaw, Cheryl; Kronick, Bob; Melear, Claudia T.

5

34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 611.2 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions § 611.2...

2010-07-01

6

Teachers’ Conceptions of Quality and Organisational Values in Higher Education: Compliance or Enhancement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are often assumed to have a negative attitude towards quality endeavours of their institutions and to hold defensive organisational values. However, there is little empirical research on this issue. This study focuses on teachers' conceptions of quality, on their preferred organisational values and on the relationships between the two. A…

Kleijnen, Jan; Dolmans, Diana; Willems, Jos; Van Hout, Hans

2013-01-01

7

Enhanced Teacher Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher preparation and preparedness have been the focus of much research connecting quality teaching and learning, retention, and teacher satisfaction (Halsey, 2005; Hayes, Mills, Christie, & Lingard, 2006; MCEETYA, 2006). The successful recruitment and retention of teachers to rural and remote schools Australia-wide has been problematic for…

Harrington, Ingrid

2013-01-01

8

Closing the Teacher Quality Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools and districts rarely have a fair distribution of teacher talent. Poor children and black children are less likely to be taught by the strongest teachers and more likely to be taught by the weakest. Several districts have implemented programs to reduce the teacher quality gap. Hamilton County, Tennessee, launched an initiative that included…

Haycock, Kati; Crawford, Candace

2008-01-01

9

Technology Enhanced Teacher Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research and development study was to design and develop an affordable, computer-based, pre-service teacher assessment and reporting system to allow teacher education institutions and supervising teachers to efficiently enter evaluation criteria, record pre-service teacher evaluations, and generate evaluation reports. The…

Teter, Richard B.

2010-01-01

10

Enhancing Lesson Planning and Quality of Classroom Life: A Study of Mathematics Student Teachers' Use of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we report on (1) how preservice secondary mathematics teachers (PSMTs), who had experiences doing and practice-teaching mathematics in a technology-rich environment, subsequently used this technology when planning lessons and (2) how the use of technology affected other aspects of the PSMTs' quality of classroom life. These results…

Fraser, Virginia; Garofalo, Joe; Juersivich, Nicole

2011-01-01

11

The Teacher Quality Index: A Protocol for Teacher Selection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turn your teacher hiring process into a research-based protocol that is more apt to select teachers who will increase student achievement. Using the teacher quality indicators from the ASCD best-selling book "Qualities of Effective Teachers, 2nd Edition," the authors take the guesswork out of teacher hiring with a systematic structure and steps…

Stronge, James H.; Hindman, Jennifer L.

2006-01-01

12

Balancing Teacher Quality and Quantity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The world is facing a shortage of trained teachers. According to the 2010 Global Monitoring Report approximately 10.3 million teachers will be needed globally to staff classrooms from Bangkok to Canada. The situation is worse in Sub-Saharan Africa. Estimates suggest that approximately 1.2 million new teachers will be needed in Sub-Saharan Africa alone to achieve universal primary education goals by 2015. Increases in primary school enrollments, drought, and HIV-AIDS have exacerbated the need for well trained teachers. Despite the need, the focus is on balancing quality with quantity. An effective teacher is deemed a critical element, although not the only one, in a student's success in the classroom. This paper focuses on the dilemma of meeting universal primary education goals in Sub-Saharan Africa, while maintaining teacher quality in fragile contexts.

Bond, Helen

13

Enhancing Democracy for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the face of the century-old call for democracy in education by John Dewey, this paper explores how and why teachers have been systemically removed from efficacy within the educational system in which they live and work. The paper examines historical trends that work to limit teachers' institutional power and become obstacles to teacher voice.…

Nichols, Shannon; Parsons, Jim

2010-01-01

14

Education Quality and Teacher Salary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the emphasis on money as a motivator mentioned in reports examining theoretical notions about teacher motivation, this paper focuses on the efficacy of using salary to attract quality teacher candidates. Although standarized testing and internship programs often supplement inadequate certification requirements, critics question the…

Land, Arthur J.

15

President Launches Quality Teacher Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a talk by President George W. Bush in which he launches his quality teacher initiative. He explains that the educational reforms will ensure that all students, particularly impoverished students, will have high expectations and receive a high quality education. As the expectations of schools are raised, nearly $3 billion has…

Bush, George W.

16

Raising the Bar: Ethics Education for Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1970s an "ethics boom" has occurred to counter the disappearance of ethics education from tertiary institutions. This "boom" appears to be absent from teacher education programs in Australia and the United States. Given persistent calls to enhance teacher quality this is problematic because quality teaching is inexorably linked to…

Boon, Helen

2011-01-01

17

TEACHER TRAINING, TEACHER QUALITY AND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effects of various types of education and training on the ability of teachers to promote student achievement. Previous studies on the subject have been hampered by inadequate measures of teacher training and difficulties addressing the non-random selection of teachers to students and of teachers to training. We address all of these limitations by estimating models with student,

Douglas N. Harris; Tim R. Sass

2007-01-01

18

Teacher self-efficacy in Cape Town : a bottom up approach to enhancing the quality of education  

E-print Network

Personal teacher self-efficacy (PTE), or the belief in one's own ability to overcome a particular challenge, often acts as a catalyst for teachers to improve the effectiveness of their teaching. Gaining PTE can translate ...

Kim, YeSeul

2011-01-01

19

Enhancing Teachers' Motivation to Apply Humanist Information Technology Innovations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the following issue: How can we build a training and support system that would enhance the motivation and capacity of teachers for high-quality implementation of information technology innovations guided by humanist ideas? That is, a system that would not only increase teachers' motivation to apply Humanist Information…

Assor, Avi

2009-01-01

20

Taking Teacher Quality Seriously: A Collaborative Approach to Teacher Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If narrow, test-based evaluation of teachers is unfair, unreliable, and has negative effects on kids, classrooms, and curricula, what's a better approach? By demonizing teachers and unions, and sharply polarizing the education debate, the corporate reform movement has actually undermined serious efforts to improve teacher quality and evaluation.…

Karp, Stan

2012-01-01

21

Developing High-Quality Teachers: Teacher Evaluation for Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As countries aim to ensure high achievement for all students, improving and sustaining the quality of the teacher workforce is a vital policy priority. Several studies have found that well-designed teacher evaluation systems, aligned with professional learning and development, can contribute to improvements in the quality of teaching and raise…

Looney, Janet

2011-01-01

22

Assessing the Quality of Teachers' Teaching Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the extent to which nine elementary physical education teachers implemented the quality of teaching practices. Thirty physical education lessons taught by the nine teachers to their students in grades K-5 were videotaped. Four investigators coded the taped lessons using the Assessing Quality Teaching Rubric (AQTR) designed and…

Chen, Weiyun; Mason, Stephen; Staniszewski, Christina; Upton, Ashley; Valley, Megan

2012-01-01

23

Wyoming Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Quality: Effects of National Board Certification and Teacher Education Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers, educators, and researchers all agree that teacher quality is critical to student learning. High quality teachers are needed to meet the unprecedented demands on schools and prepare students to be successful in the 21st century. In order to meet this challenge, ongoing efforts are needed to improve teacher learning and student…

Hudson, Margaret

2010-01-01

24

Pay, working conditions, and teacher quality.  

PubMed

Eric Hanushek and Steven Rivkin examine how salary and working conditions affect the quality of instruction in the classroom. The wages of teachers relative to those of other college graduates have fallen steadily since 1940. Today, average wages differ little, however, between urban and suburban districts. In some metropolitan areas urban districts pay more, while in others, suburban districts pay more. But working conditions in urban and suburban districts differ substantially, with urban teachers reporting far less administrator and parental support, worse materials, and greater student problems. Difficult working conditions may drive much of the difference in turnover of teachers and the transfer of teachers across schools. Using rich data from Texas public schools, the authors describe in detail what happens when teachers move from school to school. They examine how salaries and student characteristics change when teachers move and also whether turnover affects teacher quality and student achievement. They note that both wages and student characteristics affect teachers' choices and result in a sorting of teachers across schools, but they find little evidence that teacher transitions are detrimental to student learning. The extent to which variations in salaries and working conditions translate into differences in the quality of instruction depends importantly on the effectiveness of school personnel policies in hiring and retaining the most effective teachers and on constraints on both entry into the profession and the firing of low performers. The authors conclude that overall salary increases for teachers would be both expensive and ineffective. The best way to improve the quality of instruction would be to lower barriers to becoming a teacher, such as certification, and to link compensation and career advancement more closely with teachers' ability to raise student performance. PMID:17407923

Hanushek, Eric A; Rivkin, Steven G

2007-01-01

25

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) based at Montana State University offers graduate-credit science and mathematics courses to teachers nationally. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, NTEN allows educators to participate in the telecomputing courses from home or work through direct Internet access or dial-up modem connections. Courses are taught by university scientists, engineers, and mathematicians. NTEN also enhances professional networking nationwide between science teachers and active research scientists. The site offers telecomputing guides for both students and teachers, and online teaching experiences written by course instructors.

1997-01-01

26

Raising Teacher Quality around the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrary to what many people assume, writes Stewart, a high-quality teacher workforce is not the simple result of some traditional cultural respect for teachers that exists in some countries. Rather, it requires deliberate policy choices. In a tour of seven countries that traditionally score high on international tests of student performance…

Stewart, Vivien

2011-01-01

27

Teacher Quality Education Policy White Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Improving teacher quality entails policies concerning recruitment, early preparation, retention (including attention to working conditions), as well as professional development. The National Academy of Education provide recommendations that address each of these domains.

Education, National A.

2009-11-13

28

Qualities of an effective teacher: what do medical teachers think?  

PubMed Central

Background Effective teaching in medicine is essential to produce good quality doctors. A number of studies have attempted to identify the characteristics of an effective teacher. However, most of literature regarding an effective medical teacher includes student ratings or expert opinions. Furthermore, interdisciplinary studies for the same are even fewer. We did a cross-sectional study of the characteristics of effective teachers from their own perspective across medicine and dentistry disciplines. Methods A questionnaire comprising of 24 statements relating to perceived qualities of effective teachers was prepared and used. The study population included the faculty of medicine and dentistry at the institution. Respondents were asked to mark their response to each statement based on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. These statements were grouped these into four main subgroups, viz. Class room behaviour/instructional delivery, interaction with students, personal qualities and professional development, and analysed with respect to discipline, cultural background, gender and teaching experience using SPSS v 13.0. For bivariate analysis, t-test and one way ANOVA were used. Multiple linear regression for multivariate analysis was used to control confounding variables. Results The top three desirable qualities of an effective teacher in our study were knowledge of subject, enthusiasm and communication skills. Faculty with longer teaching experienced ranked classroom behaviour/instructional delivery higher than their less experienced counterparts. There was no difference of perspectives based on cultural background, gender or discipline (medicine and dentistry). Conclusion This study found that the faculty perspectives were similar, regardless of the discipline, gender and cultural background. Furthermore, on review of literature similar findings are seen in studies done in allied medical and non-medical fields. These findings support common teacher training programs for the teachers of all disciplines, rather than having separate training programs exclusively for medical teachers. Logistically, this would make it much easier to arrange such programs in universities or colleges with different faculties or disciplines. PMID:24044727

2013-01-01

29

Teacher Learning of Technology Enhanced Formative Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the integration of technology enhanced formative assessment (FA) into teachers' practice. Participants were high school physics teachers interested in improving their use of a classroom response system (CRS) to promote FA. Data were collected using interviews, direct classroom observations, and collaborative discussions. The…

Feldman, Allan; Capobianco, Brenda M.

2008-01-01

30

Building Teacher Quality in the Kansas City, Missouri School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study looks at the policies and practices shaping teacher quality in the Kansas City, Missouri School District (KCMSD). It is part of a series of analyses by the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) in school districts across the nation. Framing this analysis are five policy goals for improving teacher quality: (1) Staffing. Teacher

Corso, Aileen; Franck, Valerie; Kelliher, Kate; McCorry, Betsy

2011-01-01

31

[Teacher enhancement at Supercomputing `96  

SciTech Connect

The SC`96 Education Program provided a three-day professional development experience for middle and high school science, mathematics, and computer technology teachers. The program theme was Computers at Work in the Classroom, and a majority of the sessions were presented by classroom teachers who have had several years experience in using these technologies with their students. The teachers who attended the program were introduced to classroom applications of computing and networking technologies and were provided to the greatest extent possible with lesson plans, sample problems, and other resources that could immediately be used in their own classrooms. The attached At a Glance Schedule and Session Abstracts describes in detail the three-day SC`96 Education Program. Also included is the SC`96 Education Program evaluation report and the financial report.

NONE

1998-02-13

32

Science teacher enhancement project (STEP)  

SciTech Connect

STEP, a National Science Foundation-funded initiative, forms an alliance between the three private Virginia Historically Black Colleges (Hampton University, Virginia Union University, and Saint Paul`s College) and nine school divisions, to increase the capabilities of middle school science teachers. Clearly articulated roles of each partner, and the inclusion of all partners in program planning has been invaluable. A unique feature of this project is the careful tailoring of the program to meet the needs of each school division, effected by ongoing communication between all of the partners. The program effected by ongoing communication between all of the partners. The program includes a Lead Teacher and Teacher Trainee component, and emphasizes science content, using a hands-on approach. In addition to science content, the Lead Teachers receive training in leadership, proposal writing, and pedagogical enrichment responsive to the curriculum change directions in science education, especially as it relates to minority and at-risk students. The enrichment is provided by university scientists and educators, through summer institutes and academic year workshops. Results include: use of new technologies in the classroom, cross-grade communication, use of university scientists as presenters for family science programs, and improved knowledge.

Ramsey, P.P.; Bowman, A.W. [Hampton Univ., VA (United States)

1994-12-31

33

Activities Underway To Improve Teacher Training, but Reporting on These Activities Could Be Enhanced. Report to Congressional Committees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines two components of federal legislation to enhance teaching quality by improving the training of prospective teachers and the qualifications of current teachers. One component provides grants, and the other (the accountability provisions) requires collecting and reporting information the quality of teacher training programs and…

Ashby, Cornelia M.

34

Teaching Quality and Performance among Experienced Teachers in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of teachers has evolved from merely being teacher-centered to one that is student centered and the skills required for a quality teacher are changing too. Assessing teacher's effectiveness will not be a straight forward attempt by solely examining students' achievements or students' perceptions of their teachers' attributes. A careful…

Abd Hamid, Siti Rafiah; Syed Hassan, Sharifah Sariah; Ismail, Nik Ahmad Hisham

2012-01-01

35

An Overview of Legal Issues in Teacher Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the legal implications of particular types of educational reform in relation to improving teacher quality. Identifies the central legal principles that should shape state action in three areas: entry level teachers, teacher performance, and teacher dismissal. As states develop teacher reform strategies they should consider multiple areas…

Citron, Christiane H.

1985-01-01

36

Boundaries and Applications: The Teacher Quality Debate in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher quality debate in America remains an important one. Many feel that teachers are leaving teacher preparation programs without the appropriate knowledge and skills to be effective classroom practitioners. School districts have spent a considerable amount of time and economic resources addressing the teacher quality provisions of No Child…

Hodgman, Matthew R.

2012-01-01

37

Teacher Preparation for Quality Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents a holistic practice-based approach, consisting of two parts, to preparing candidates for quality teaching. The first part describes the essential knowledge, skills, and habits of mind for quality teaching. The emphasis is on understanding the learning process as influenced by the cultural and experiential…

Hollins, Etta R.

2011-01-01

38

Teacher Quality: From Policy to Practice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The No Child Left Behind act requires schools to have "qualified teachers" in every classroom by the 2005-2006 school year. This mandate has made professional development a priority. This article defines quality professional development, describes the six categories of professional development, and provides examples of outstanding programs.

Tugel, Joyce

2004-02-01

39

Pay, Working Conditions, and Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eric Hanushek and Steven Rivkin examine how salary and working conditions affect the quality of instruction in the classroom. The wages of teachers relative to those of other college graduates have fallen steadily since 1940. Today, average wages differ little, however, between urban and suburban districts. In some metropolitan areas urban…

Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G.

2007-01-01

40

Governing Quality in Teacher Education: Deconstructing Federal Text and Talk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two dueling national agendas characterize discussions surrounding teacher quality and teacher education reform. For professionalists, teacher quality is synonymous with meeting a set of professional standards. For deregulationists, these standards are roadblocks that deter high-quality candidates from pursuing jobs in teaching. Despite differences…

Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Hunt, Hyland

2007-01-01

41

Service-Learning in Teacher Education: Enhancing the Growth of New Teachers, Their Students, and Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides teacher educators, administrators, practicing teachers who work with preservice teachers, policymakers, and researchers with information on the conceptual, research, and application areas of service-learning in preservice teacher education. The collection of papers offers teacher educators' thoughts about ways to enhance the…

Anderson, Jeffrey B., Ed.; Swick, Kevin J., Ed.; Yff, Joost, Ed.

42

Quality of Summer Teachers Examined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A hefty body of evidence documents the phenomenon of "summer learning loss," but consensus on the attributes of effective summer intervention, especially when it comes to access to high-quality teaching for students most at risk of falling behind, is only starting to emerge. Now, though, a handful of districts are beginning to wrestle with the…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2011-01-01

43

From uniformity to diversification: transformation of teacher education in pursuit of teacher quality in Taiwan from 1949 to 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improving teacher quality through teacher education has become a major focus of education reforms. A 1994 OECD's study shows that distinct aspects of teacher quality are emphasized in various countries over time. Taiwan's transformation of teacher education from 1949 to 2000 demonstrates the change in focus on teacher quality under different economic, political and social contexts. In the past, teacher

Bih-jen Fwu; Hsiou-huai Wang

2002-01-01

44

Enhanced Stream Water Quality  

EPA Science Inventory

***QUAL2E is not included in the current version of BASINS*** QUAL2E is a steady state and quasi-dynamic water quality model for the simulation of point source impact on water quality including nitrogen and phosphorus cycling, dissolved oxygen and BOD, algae, fecal c...

45

REDEFINING TEACHER QUALITY: MYTHS OF NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This article describes four myths about teacher quality commonly,associated with the 2001 No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Legislation. Myth #1 explores the hypothesis that generating an endless supply of new teachers to solve the teacher shortage is the best way to alleviate any real teacher shortage. Myth #2 tackles the assertion that academic,ability alone qualifies one to teach, and

Pamela Esprivalo Harrell; J. K. Jackson

46

High school teacher enhancement in the sciences  

SciTech Connect

As part of an effort to improve the teaching of science in a four-State region (Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas), the Science and Engineering Alliance (SEA) initiated a series of teacher enhancement workshops in science. The workshops focus on teaching problem solving through experience gained in laboratory, field work, classroom discussions and interactions/debates, critical analysis of the literature, obtaining a greater appreciation of the application of mathematics in science, and interactions with experts in various fields of science.

Mohamed, A. [Jackson State Univ., MS (United States). School of Science and Technology] [Jackson State Univ., MS (United States). School of Science and Technology; Shepard, R.L. [Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)] [Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1997-03-01

47

Longitudinal Effects of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Teacher-Student Relationship Qualities on Academic Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher-student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self-views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and…

Hughes, Jan N.

2011-01-01

48

Standards of Quality and Effectiveness for Professional Teacher Preparation Programs California Commission on Teacher Credentialing September 6, 2001  

E-print Network

Commission on Teacher Credentialing September 6, 2001 APPENDIX A Teaching Performance Expectations #12Standards of Quality and Effectiveness for Professional Teacher Preparation Programs California;Standards of Quality and Effectiveness for Professional Teacher Preparation Programs California Commission

de Lijser, Peter

49

Colonised by Quality? Teacher Identities in a Research-Led Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the impact of quality assurance and enhancement initiatives on teacher identities in higher education. Data from an interview-based study of a research-led institution in the United Kingdom are drawn upon to consider the implications of quality--for example, whether it has captured the inner assumptive worlds of higher…

Skelton, Alan

2012-01-01

50

An Assessment System for Teacher Education Program Quality Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe how one US Midwestern university implements quality principles, based on the value added premise in a teacher preparation program that yields accountability, teacher education standards attainment and ultimately improvement of teacher candidates and overall programs. Design/methodology/approach:…

Reusser, Janet; Butler, Loren; Symonds, Matthew; Vetter, Rheba; Wall, Timothy J.

2007-01-01

51

Assessing Teacher Quality: Understanding Teacher Effects on Instruction and Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent educational reforms have promoted accountability systems which attempt to identify "teacher effects" on student outcomes and hold teachers accountable for producing learning gains. But in the complex world of classrooms, it may be difficult to attribute "success" or "failure" to teachers. In this timely collection, leading education…

Kelly, Sean, Ed.

2011-01-01

52

Facilitating the Teacher Quality Gap? Collective Bargaining Agreements, Teacher Hiring and Transfer Rules, and Teacher Assignment among Schools in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain studies and the California legislature have recently concluded that seniority preference rules in teacher collective bargaining agreements facilitate a teacher "quality gap" by permitting senior teachers to transfer to schools with higher-performing and more affluent children. This study examines the effects of such transfer rules on the…

Koski, William S.; Horng, Eileen L.

2007-01-01

53

Teacher Education Effectiveness: Quality and Equity of Future Primary Teachers' Mathematics and Mathematics Pedagogical Content Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of teacher education was examined by taking two indicators into account: future teachers' mean achievement on a paper-and-pencil test as an indicator of quality, and the variability of teacher achievement due to background characteristics as an indicator of equity. In detail, the effects of gender and language on mathematics…

Blomeke, Sigrid; Suhl, Ute; Kaiser, Gabriele

2011-01-01

54

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. North Dakota State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This North Dakota edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

55

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Montana State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Montana edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

56

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Idaho State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Idaho edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

57

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Vermont State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Vermont edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

58

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Kansas State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Kansas edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

59

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Utah State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Utah edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

60

Teacher-Child Relationship Quality: The Roles of Child Temperament and Teacher-Child Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children's relationships with teachers predict social and academic success. This study examines contributions of child temperament (shyness, effortful control) and gender to teacher-child relationship quality both directly and indirectly through the frequency of teacher-child interactions in the classroom. Using an NICHD SECCYD sample of 819…

Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.

2009-01-01

61

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. North Carolina State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This North Carolina edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

62

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Nevada State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Nevada edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

63

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Rhode Island State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Rhode Island edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

64

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Minnesota State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Minnesota edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

65

Assessing Pre-Service Teachers' Quality Teaching Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to design and validate the Assessing Quality Teaching Rubrics (AQTR) that assesses the pre-service teachers' quality teaching practices in a live lesson or a videotaped lesson. Twenty-one lessons taught by 13 Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) students were videotaped. The videotaped lessons were evaluated…

Chen, Weiyun; Hendricks, Kristin; Archibald, Kelsi

2011-01-01

66

Access to High Quality Teachers for All Students. Information Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most important factors in a high quality education is the knowledge, experience, and capability of the classroom teacher. There is strong evidence that having a high-quality teacher affects learning and is an important factor in explaining student test score gains (Clotfelter, Ladd, & Vigdor, 2007; Darling-Hammond, 2000; Darling-Hammond…

Mid-Atlantic Equity Center, 2009

2009-01-01

67

The Elusiveness of Teacher Quality: A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Certification and Student Achievement in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In national education systems worldwide, teacher quality has become synonymous with education reform efforts, but a more elusive goal is empirically measuring teacher quality. One proposed measure of teacher quality, teacher licensing, also known as certification, is an increasingly ubiquitous component of national education systems and…

Wiseman, Alexander W.; Al-bakr, Fawziah

2013-01-01

68

Documentation Panels Enhance Teacher Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documentation of children's projects is advantageous to their learning process and is also a good method for student teachers to observe the process of learning. Documentation panels are a unique way to help student teachers understand how children learn. Completing a panel requires a student teacher to think through a process. Teachers must learn…

Warash, Bobbie Gibson

2005-01-01

69

An Approach to Formative Evaluation for Teacher Enhancement Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents one possible approach to the formative evaluation of a Teacher Enhancement Program (TEP). The approach was applied to a National Science Foundation TEP designed to enhance teachers' knowledge and use of performance assessment technology. The study demonstrates the applicability of the approach to formative evaluation and…

Ruiz-Primo, Maria Araceli; Shavelson, Richard J.; Baxter, Gail P.

70

Longitudinal Effects of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Teacher-Student Relationship Qualities on Academic Adjustment  

PubMed Central

The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and conflict showed low correspondence. As a block, teacher and student reports of TSRQ predicted all outcomes, above prior performance on that outcome and background variables. Student reports uniquely predicted school belonging, perceived academic competence, and math achievement. Teacher reports uniquely predicted behavioral engagement and child perceived academic competence. Teacher and student reports of the teacher-student relationship assess largely different constructs that predict different outcomes. Implications of findings for practice and research are discussed. PMID:21984843

Hughes, Jan N.

2010-01-01

71

The Impact of Teacher Quality Grants on Long-Term Professional Development of Physical Science Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board Teacher Quality Grants, supported through No Child Left Behind, are intended to ensure that secondary teachers of specific subjects are "highly qualified". Now in their third year, these grants have done much to shape long-term professional development for teachers in the physical sciences at the University of Texas at Dallas (UTD). The grants have also created a suite of challenges and benefits for the UTD Science Education M.A.T. program. Teacher Quality Grants are based on the No Child Left Behind framework that requires teachers to be "highly qualified" as defined by the state. Recruitment is required to be targeted at teachers who are uncertified or teach one or more classes out of their content area and who work in high needs local school districts. Many of the students brought into our program through these grants have incoming content knowledge in physics similar to that typical of undergraduate non-majors, and a large percentage are uncomfortable with basic mathematics as well. How and what we teach has been dramatically impacted by the Teacher Quality Grants, as have our assessments and evaluations. An ongoing challenge has been to implement a Physics Education Research (PER)-based course design while meeting the specific requirements of the Teacher Quality Grant program. The Teacher Quality Grants have also provided a great deal of opportunity to new and existing teachers in our program. A barrier to our teachers, rising tuition costs, has been removed and as a result a mandate has become a doorway of opportunity for physical science teachers.

Urquhart, Mary; Bober, Kendra M.

2009-07-13

72

156 KAPPA DELTA PI RECORD u OCTDEC 2012 Teacher Quality  

E-print Network

156 KAPPA DELTA PI RECORD u OCT­DEC 2012 Teacher Quality Michael Marder is Professor of Physics since expanded to more than 30 other universities. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 48: 156­161, 2012 Copyright © Kappa Delta Pi ISSN: 0022-8958 print/2163-1611 online DOI 10.1080/00228958.2012.733929 Measuring Teacher

Texas at Austin. University of

73

Improving teacher quality: lessons from America's No Child Left Behind  

Microsoft Academic Search

How developed countries train, recruit and retain their schoolteachers is an area of considerable interest in education today. In this paper we consider how the US is addressing the issue of teacher quality by holding schools and school districts accountable for ensuring that all teachers of core subjects are ‘highly qualified’ by the end of the 2005–2006 school year. Part

Emma Smith; Stephen Gorard

2007-01-01

74

Evaluation of the Renaissance Project for Improving Teacher Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the evaluation of the Renaissance Project for Improving Teacher Quality. The Renaissance Group is a national consortium of 16 colleges and universities committed to improving teacher education. Ten of these institutions, in collaboration with their schools of arts and sciences and their partner schools, have engaged in the…

O'Neal, Marcia R.; McLean, James E.; Pankratz, Roger; Craig, James

75

Misdiagnosing the Teacher Quality Problem. CPRE Policy Briefs. RB-49  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of CPRE Policy Briefs summarizes the findings on issues related to teacher quality in the chapter by the author in the book, "The State of Education Policy Research" (Cohen, Fuhrman, Mosher, Eds., 2007). This report also draws on discussions that took place during a summer, 2006, policy briefing on teacher labor-market issues held in…

Ingersoll, Richard M.

2007-01-01

76

The Effect of Certification and Preparation on Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve the quality of the teacher workforce, some states have tightened teacher preparation and certification requirements while others have eased requirements and introduced "alternative" ways of being certified to attract more people to teaching. Donald Boyd, Daniel Goldhaber, Hamilton Lankford, and James Wyckoff evaluate these seemingly…

Boyd, Donald; Goldhaber, Daniel; Lankford, Hamilton; Wyckoff, James

2007-01-01

77

Using Value-Added Measures of Teacher Quality. Brief 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive education research on the contribution of teachers to student achievement produces two generally accepted results. First, teacher quality varies substantially as measured by the value added to student achievement or future academic attainment or earnings. Second, variables often used to determine entry into the profession and…

Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G.

2010-01-01

78

Professional Development: Teachers Use of GIS to Enhance Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explains a professional development experience of fifth to twelfth grade teachers in using geographic information systems (GIS) and global positioning systems (GPS) technologies to enhance classroom teaching and learning environments. A key challenge faced by the developers was whether teachers would value the technology tools enough…

McClurg, Patricia A.; Buss, Alan

2007-01-01

79

A Quality Teacher in Every Classroom: Creating a Teacher Evaluation System that Works for California. Perspectives from Accomplished California Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dire state of education funding in California and across the nation means stakeholders must be smarter than ever about how they use their resources. Since teacher quality has emerged as one of the most powerful variables in student success, the focus of policy reform must be on building the capacity of teachers--now and in the future--to meet…

National Board Resource Center at Stanford University, 2010

2010-01-01

80

Teacher Education around the World: Changing Policies and Practices. Teacher Quality and School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are the most important single element of the education system but what does it take to create high quality teachers in today's world? Around the world, countries are struggling to understand how to change their schools to meet global demands. International comparisons have shown that schools in Finland lead the league tables, but why is…

Darling-Hammond, Linda, Ed.; Lieberman, Ann, Ed.

2012-01-01

81

The Secretary's Seventh Annual Report on Teacher Quality: A Highly Qualified Teacher in Every Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seventh report on the quality of America's teacher preparation programs and novice teachers presents data reported to the U.S. Department of Education (the Department) in October 2007 by all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the outlying areas, which include American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the…

Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

82

Charlotte Danielson on Teacher Evaluation and Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a conversation with Charlotte Danielson. Danielson is an expert on good teaching, having analyzed the performance of what distinguished, proficient and underperforming teachers do (or don't do). Her detailed rubrics on teaching reveal the benefits to teachers, students and administrators when a common standard of practice is…

Griffin, Liz

2013-01-01

83

Veteran Teachers: Commitment, Resilience and Quality Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst much research on teachers' lives has focussed on their early years in the profession, much less attention has been paid to those in their later years, so called "veteran" teachers. Yet, many of these are likely to hold positions of responsibility in the school, receive greater remuneration and have experienced the impact of more policy and…

Day, Christopher; Gu, Qing

2009-01-01

84

A Corporate Partnership to Enhance Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a corporate partnership with SMART Technologies that changed what teacher candidates learned and how they learned. The experience of the partnership has revealed five best practices for implementing white board technology. Teacher training benefits of the partnership are evident in descriptions of three instructional…

Fine, Bethann

2012-01-01

85

Annual Report on Teacher Quality Released at the Evaluation Conference in D.C.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In a speech at the first annual Teacher Quality Evaluation Conference (recently held in Washington, DC), US Secretary of Education Rod Paige urged all states to radically alter their teacher certification programs by increasing the standards and decreasing the barriers that currently keep many qualified candidates from pursing teaching careers. Paige's speech was based on results of the 78-page report to Congress entitled Meeting the Highly Qualified Teachers Challenge: The Secretary's Annual Report on Teacher Quality. Released Tuesday, June 11, 2002, this document is the first annual report to Congress on the state of teacher quality nationwide, as required by Title II of the Higher Education Act of 1998. The report is based on responses from state reports on teacher quality submitted to the Department of Education, and includes comprehensive data, by state, on certification and license requirements; statewide pass rates on assessments of 1999-2000 graduates preparation programs; number of teachers on waivers or emergency/temporary permits; teacher standards and their alignment with student standards; and state criteria for identifying low-performing schools of education.Like the No Child Left Behind Act, the Secretary's report elicits higher teacher standards in order to enhance the educational process. The report proposes that states require prospective teachers to pass rigorous exams in the subjects they plan to teach. "Research shows that teachers with strong academic backgrounds in specific content areas are more likely to boost the academic performance of their students in those subjects." To lower barriers, the report calls on states and institutions of higher learning to reshape their teacher preparation programs by eliminating some of their rigid certification requirements, such as the massive number of pedagogical courses required. For more information concerning the teacher quality evaluation conference, users may access the first two links above. For a copy of Paige's remarks at the conference and a copy of the report, viewers may access links three and four, respectively. Finally, the fifth link leads to the No Child Left Behind Web site, and the last link opens the Title II home page, which features state reports and other state materials.

Green, Marcia.

2002-01-01

86

Continuous Quality Improvement: Integrating Best Practice into Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to provide a framework for continuous, quality, low cost professional development opportunities at the university level to improve the quality of the instructional practices and/or curriculum used in the teacher education program. Design/methodology/approach: Background of the design, needs assessment and implementation of…

Edmonds, Carole

2007-01-01

87

Teacher Quality Partnership Novice Teacher Study. Technical Report NTS 07-01: Research Brief, 2004-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical report is to summarize the research methodology of the Novice Teacher Study (NTS) strand of the Teacher Quality Partnership (TQP) research. The Ohio TQP embarked on a series of research studies to learn more about the characteristics of effective teachers and to identify the patterns of teacher performance in both…

Kinnucan-Welsch, Kathryn; Currell, Cindy; Shervey, Beth; Hendricks, Martha S.; Erchick, Diana B.; Stroot, Sandra A.; Smith, Sonja; Franco, Suzanne

2007-01-01

88

Perform or Else: The Performative Enhancement of Teacher Professionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Singapore Ministry of Education's Enhanced Performance Management System (EPMS) was instituted in 2005 as a system of professional accountability to enhance the standards and stakes of teacher professionalism in schools. This essay explores how the EPMS, with its underlying paradigm of performance management, functions as a "technology of…

Liew, Warren Mark

2012-01-01

89

ICT-enhanced Teacher training for Lifelong Competence Development  

E-print Network

ICT-enhanced Teacher training for Lifelong Competence Development "The greatest value of e are giving an example of how Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can enhance the process of ICT. We show how the use of Learning Design centred software platform for lifelong competence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

90

Improving teacher-child relationship quality and teacher-rated behavioral adjustment amongst externalizing preschoolers: effects of a two-component intervention.  

PubMed

The school-based Playing-2-gether is a 12-week intervention with two components aimed at decreasing child externalizing behavior through improving teacher-child interactions. The first component is rooted in attachment theory and aimed at enhancing teacher-child relationship quality, and the second is based on learning theory and aimed at improving teachers' behavior management. In this three-wave randomized study, effects of Playing-2-gether on the teacher-child relationship quality and on teacher-rated child behavioral adjustment were investigated. To this aim, 175 dyads consisting of male preschoolers with relatively high levels of externalizing problem behavior and their teachers were randomly assigned to Playing-2-gether (n?=?89) or an education-as-usual control condition (n?=?86). Teacher-rated questionnaires were collected at pre-test, after the first intervention component, and at post-test. At post-test, the intervention group showed a larger decrease in teacher-child conflict, child conduct problems, and child hyperactivity/inattention. Supplementary analyses showed that all positive effects were already visible after the first intervention component and that teacher-child conflict, child conduct problems and hyperactivity/inattention did not further reduce during the second component. In addition, an increase in closeness was found following the first component, but subsequently disappeared at post-test. PMID:25028283

Vancraeyveldt, Caroline; Verschueren, Karine; Wouters, Sofie; Van Craeyevelt, Sanne; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Colpin, Hilde

2015-02-01

91

SQUALE Software QUALity Enhancement Alexandre Bergel1  

E-print Network

SQUALE ­ Software QUALity Enhancement Alexandre Bergel1 , Simon Denier1 , Stéphane Ducasse1://www.squale.org The Squale project was born from industrial effort to control software quality. Its goals are to refine and en- hance Qualixo Model, a software-metric based quality model already used by large companies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

92

Teacher-Quality Checklist for School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many districts struggle with multiple--and often incompatible--data systems for tracking payroll, collecting teacher evaluations, recruiting and hiring. Aligning these systems and annually assessing where a district stands is the first step towards developing a smart human capital strategy. This checklist outlines the goals, data and questions a…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2010

2010-01-01

93

Field-Based Teacher Research: How Teachers and Scientists Working Together Answers Questions about Turtle Nesting Ecology while Enhancing Teachers' Inquiry Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Providing rigorous academic supplement to a professional development program for teachers, QUEST is a fusion of Drexel University's environmental science research department with Princeton University's Program in Teacher Preparation. Completed in the summers of 2012 (in partnership with Earthwatch) and 2013 in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, QUEST's terrapin field research program enhances K-12 teachers' ecological knowledge, develops inquiry-based thinking in the classroom, and builds citizen science engagement. With a focus on quality question development and data analysis to answer questions, teachers are coached in developing, implementing, and presenting independent research projects on diamondback terrapin nesting ecology. As a result, teachers participating in QUEST's week long program bring a realistic example of science in action into their classrooms, helping to develop their own students' critical thinking skills. For teachers, this program provides training towards educating students on how to do real and imaginative science - subsequently sending students to university better prepared to engage in their own independent research. An essential component of the collaboration through QUEST, in addition to the teacher's experience during and after the summer institute, is the research data collected which supplements that of the Principal Investigator. In 2012, by documenting terrapin nest site predators, teachers gained valuable scientific experience, while Drexel acquired important ecological data which would have not been able to be collected otherwise. In 2013, teachers helped answer important questions about terrapin nesting success post Superstorm Sandy. In fact, the 2013 QUEST teachers are the first to visualize the frighteningly increased erosion of a primary terrapin nesting site due to Sandy; showing how most terrapin nests now lie in the bay, instead of safe on shore. Teachers comment that interacting with scientists in the field, and contributing to the research was 'an invaluable experience.' Conceptual models of QUEST's philosophy will be distributed at our presentation to encourage audience members interested in starting their own field-based educator professional development project. Through our presentation of this unique program, we will share how we have successfully incorporated real scientific research into classrooms through teachers' experiences, and discuss the lessons learned regarding replication and sustainability of educator-scientist collaborations.

Winters, J. M.; Jungblut, D.; Catena, A. N.; Rubenstein, D. I.

2013-12-01

94

Enhancing Student Teacher Reflective Practice through Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a seminar process in which poetry is used with student teachers to provide a focal point for reflection and introspection. Through this reflection process, students have been able to reflect deeply and personally on their student-teaching experiences, on their own personalities in the context of those experiences, and on…

Cowin, Kathleen M.

2012-01-01

95

User-Oriented Quality for OER: Understanding Teachers' Views on Re-Use, Quality, and Trust  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analysed how teachers as users of open educational resources (OER) repositories act in the re-use process and how they perceive quality. Based on a quantitative empirical study, we also surveyed which quality requirements users have and how they would contribute to the quality process. Trust in resources, organizations, and technologies seem to…

Clements, K. I.; Pawlowski, J. M.

2012-01-01

96

Preparing and Licensing High Quality Teachers in Pacific Region Jurisdictions. Issues & Answers. REL 2007-No. 031  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 for teacher quality direct that all students in U.S. public schools be taught by highly qualified teachers. Although the Pacific Region entities are trying to meet this teacher-quality mandate, most are still far from fulfilling the minimum education requirements for their teachers. By…

Heine, Hilda C.; Emesiochl, Masa Akii

2007-01-01

97

Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in the Miami-Dade County Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In partnership with the Urban League of Greater Miami, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) released "Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in Miami," an in-depth study of the work rules Miami-Dade teachers. This look at the state of teacher policies in Miami-Dade County Public Schools explores the district's contract…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2012

2012-01-01

98

The effect of certification and preparation on teacher quality.  

PubMed

To improve the quality of the teacher workforce, some states have tightened teacher preparation and certification requirements while others have eased requirements and introduced "alternative" ways of being certified to attract more people to teaching. Donald Boyd, Daniel Goldhaber, Hamilton Lankford, and James Wyckoff evaluate these seemingly contradictory strategies by examining how preparation and certification requirements affect student achivement. If strong requirements improve student outcomes and deter relatively few potential teachers, the authors say, then they may well be good policy. But if they have little effect on student achievement, if they seriously deter potential teachers, or if schools are able to identify applicants who will produce good student outcomes, then easing requirements becomes a more attractive policy. In reviewing research on these issues, the authors find that evidence is often insufficient to draw conclusions. They do find that highly selective alternative route programs can produce effective teachers who perform about the same as teachers from traditional routes after two years on the job. And they find that teachers who score well on certification exams can improve student outcomes somewhat. Limited evidence suggests that certification requirements can diminish the pool of applicants, but there is no evidence on how they affect student outcomes. And the authors find that schools have a limited ability to identify attributes in prospective teachers that allow them to improve student achievement. The authors conclude that the research evidence is simply too thin to have serious implications for policy. Given the enormous investment in teacher preparation and certification and given the possibility that these requirements may worsen student outcomes, the lack of convincing evidence is disturbing. The authors urge researchers and policymakers to work together to move to a more informed position where good resource decisions can be made. PMID:17407922

Boyd, Donald; Goldhaber, Daniel; Lankford, Hamilton; Wyckoff, James

2007-01-01

99

Using Wikis to Promote Quality Learning in Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses writing as a social practice and speculates on how wikis might be used to promote higher quality academic writing and support collaborative learning. This study of undergraduate teacher trainees' online learning activities focuses on how shared spaces--wikis--might be used to communicate ideas and generate course-specific…

Wheeler, Steve; Wheeler, Dawn

2009-01-01

100

Evaluating the Long Term Effects of Teacher Enhancement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on a 6-year study of science education reform, the Scope, Sequence, and Coordination (SS&C) Project. The reform included teacher enhancement activities as well as curricular materials and was designed to help science students achieve the National Research Council's Science Standards (1995). The two components of the study…

Lawrenz, Frances; Huffman, Douglas; Lavoie, Beth

101

Ensuring Teacher Quality and Supply: A State and Regional Approach. Issues in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief uses a regional approach to address issues related to teacher quality and supply. It discusses some of the factors and prospects that might inform the regional perspective, focusing on raising the ceiling by working as a region on teacher quality, viewing teacher quality as the key to reaching goals for student achievement, and…

Doorey, Nancy A.; Noble, Audrey J.

1999-01-01

102

Teacher Quality 2.0: Toward a New Era in Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Teacher Quality 2.0," American Enterprise Institute (AEI) education experts Frederick M. Hess and Michael Q. McShane convene a diverse array of contributors to examine fruitful innovations that promise to improve teacher quality in a more strategic way. Much of the cutting-edge work in teacher quality is happening in nontraditional…

Hess, Frederick M., Ed.; McShane, Michael Q., Ed.

2014-01-01

103

Adaptive and Motivated: Psychological Qualities of College Students in Teacher Education Programs in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher quality has been a perennial issue in the field of education. In addition to academic ability, psychological and motivational characteristics are regarded as increasingly important dimensions of teacher quality. This study has established a multidimensional framework of teacher quality including social competency, adaptive ability and…

Wang, Hsiou-huai

2012-01-01

104

Quality Enhancement and Educational Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a strong international interest in the enhancement of teaching quality. Enhancement is a big job because teaching is an extensive activity. It is a complex job because learning to teach is not, mainly, a formal process: non-formal, practice-based learning is more significant. These two points, extensiveness and practice-based learning,…

Knight, Peter

2006-01-01

105

The Stability of Value-Added Measures of Teacher Quality and Implications for Teacher Compensation Policy. Brief 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little doubt that teacher quality is a key determinant of student achievement, but finding ways to identify and reward the best teachers has proven illusive. This research brief considers the stability of value-added measures of teacher effectiveness over time and the resulting implications for the design and implementation of…

Sass, Tim R.

2008-01-01

106

Enhancing Science Teacher Training Using Water Resources and GLOBE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Heritage College, located on the Yakama Indian Reservation in south central Washington state, serves a multicultural, underserved, rural population and trains teachers to staff the disadvantaged school districts on and surrounding the reservation. In-service teachers and pre-service teachers in the area show strength in biology but have weak backgrounds in chemistry and mathematics. We are addressing this problem by providing a 2-year core of courses for 3 groups of 25 students (15 pre-service and 10 in-service teachers) using GLOBE to teach integrated physical science and mathematics. At the conclusion of the program, the students will qualify for science certification by Washington State. Water resources are the focal point of the curriculum because it is central to life in our desert area. The lack or excess of water, its uses, quality and distribution is being studied by using GIS, remote sensing and historical records. Students are learning the methodology to incorporate scientific protocols and data into all aspects of their future teaching curriculum. In addition, in each of the three years of the project, pre-service teachers attended a seminar series during the fall semester with presentations by collaborators from industry, agriculture, education and government agencies. Students used NASA educational materials in the presentations that they gave at the conclusion of the seminar series. All pre- and in-service teachers continue to have support via a local web site for Heritage College GLOBE participants.

Falco, James W.

2002-01-01

107

Recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers in rural areas.  

PubMed

In examining recruitment and retention of teachers in rural areas, David Monk begins by noting the numerous possible characteristics of rural communities--small size, sparse settlement, distance from population concentrations, and an economic reliance on agricultural industries that are increasingly using seasonal and immigrant workers to minimize labor costs. Many, though not all, rural areas, he says, are seriously impoverished. Classes in rural schools are relatively small, and teachers tend to report satisfaction with their work environments and relatively few problems with discipline. But teacher turnover is often high, and hiring can be difficult. Monk observes that rural schools have a below-average share of highly trained teachers. Compensation in rural schools tends to be low, perhaps because of a lower fiscal capacity in rural areas, thus complicating efforts to attract and retain teachers. Several student characteristics, including relatively large shares of students with special needs and with limited English skills and lower shares of students attending college, can also make it difficult to recruit and retain high-quality teachers. Other challenges include meeting the needs of highly mobile children of low-income migrant farm workers. With respect to public policy, Monk asserts a need to focus on a subcategory of what might be called hard-to-staff rural schools rather than to develop a blanket set of policies for all rural schools. In particular, he recommends a focus on such indicators as low teacher qualifications, teaching in fields far removed from the area of training, difficulty in hiring, high turnover, a lack of diversity among teachers in the school, and the presence of migrant farm workers' children. Successful efforts to stimulate economic growth in these areas would be highly beneficial. He also calls attention to the potential for modern telecommunication and computing technologies to offset some of the drawbacks associated with teaching in rural areas. PMID:17407927

Monk, David H

2007-01-01

108

An evaluation of the 1997 JPL Summer Teacher Enhancement Program  

SciTech Connect

There were two major components in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Summer Teacher Enhancement Project (STEP). First, the Summer Institute was structured as a four-week, 4-credit-unit University course for middle school science teachers, and consisted of workshops, lectures, labs, and tours as activities. The second component consists of follow-up activities related to the summer institute's contents, and again is structured as a University credit-bearing course for participants to reinforce their summer training. Considerable information from the comments and course ratings as given by the participants is included.

Slovacek, Simeon P.; Doyle-Nichols, Adelaide R.

1997-10-20

109

The Quality of Teacher Educators in the European Policy Debate: Actions and Measures to Improve the Professionalism of Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how the contemporary European policy debate addresses the further development of the quality of teacher educators. A classification framework based on the literature on professionalism was used to compare European and Member State policy actions and measures on the quality of teacher educators through an analysis of seven…

Snoek, Marco; Swennen, Anja; van der Klink, Marcel

2011-01-01

110

Essential Principles of High-Quality Online Teaching: Guidelines for Evaluating K-12 Online Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses what makes a high-quality online teacher, examining: what it takes to be a high-quality teacher (knowing one's subject and how to teach it); what is unique about online teaching (online teachers rarely see their students, need strategies to ensure that each online student participates actively, and provide courses online so…

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

111

Teacher Quality in Educational Production. Tracking, Decay, and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 14442  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing concerns over the achievement of U.S. students have led to proposals to reward good teachers and penalize (or fire) bad ones. The leading method for assessing teacher quality is "value added" modeling (VAM), which decomposes students' test scores into components attributed to student heterogeneity and to teacher quality. Implicit in the…

Rothstein, Jesse

2008-01-01

112

Teacher Quality: A Report on Teacher Preparation and Qualifications of Public School Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently released by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)(last described in the October 16, 1998 Scout Report), this is the first in a new series of biennial reports "specifically focused on teachers' learning (both preservice and continued) and the environments in which they work." This report is based on a recent national survey which examined the issues of teacher preparation, qualifications, and work environments. "Key findings are provided in three major areas: (1) preservice learning and teaching assignment; (2) continued learning; and (3) supportive work environment." Users can read the full text online or download the report in .pdf format.

Bartfai, Nicole.; Carey, Nancy L.; Farris, Elizabeth.; Lewis, Laurie.; Parsad, Basmat.; Smerdon, Becky.

1999-01-01

113

Local Amenities, Unobserved Quality, and Market Clearing: Adjusting Teacher Compensation to Provide Equal Education Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Local school districts differ in their ability to pay for teacher quality, and in the amenities they offer as places to live and work. Market clearing with heterogeneous quality yields geographically varying teacher salary levels that confound scarcity with unobserved differences in quality. The paper discusses identification and estimation of a…

Tuck, Bradford; Berman, Matthew; Hill, Alexandra

2009-01-01

114

School-Based Accountability and the Distribution of Teacher Quality across Grades in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use North Carolina data to explore whether the quality of teachers in the lower elementary grades (K-2) falls short of teacher quality in the upper grades (3-5) and to examine the hypothesis that school accountability pressures contribute to such quality shortfalls. Our concern with the early grades arises from recent studies highlighting how…

Fuller, Sarah C.; Ladd, Helen F.

2013-01-01

115

Teacher Quality and Educational Equality: Do Teachers with Higher Standards-Based Evaluation Ratings Close Student Achievement Gaps?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using standards-based evaluation ratings for nearly 400 teachers, and achievement results for over 7,000 students from grades 4-6, this study investigated the distribution and achievement effects of teacher quality in Washoe County, a mid-sized school district serving Reno and Sparks, Nevada. Classrooms with higher concentrations of minority,…

Borman, Geoffrey D.; Kimball, Steven M.

2005-01-01

116

Being a mindful clinical teacher: can mindfulness enhance education in a clinical setting?  

PubMed

Mindfulness may be viewed as a vehicle to promote the healer's role in medicine. This role addresses the way in which a medical practitioner interacts with patients. The aim of this article is to highlight how mindful qualities may also enhance teaching in clinical settings. Challenges to being a mindful clinical teacher are presented along with creative ways to accommodate them. Residents play an important role in training medical students. Examples of how mindfulness influenced a psychiatric resident's teaching experiences are presented to illustrate the concepts discussed herein. The dimension of "being" in medicine, based on the humanist philosophy of Dr Karl Jaspers, is provided as a framework for this article. PMID:24571661

Dobkin, Patricia L; Laliberté, Vincent

2014-04-01

117

Exploring Teacher Knowledge and Actions Supporting Technology-Enhanced Teaching in Elementary Schools: Two Approaches by Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two approaches to teaching with technology to highlight practice-based teacher knowledge and actions for teaching technologically enhanced lessons are presented. Participants were two elementary pre-service teachers teaching during practicum. Qualitative data sources included verbatim transcripts of participant interviews, field notes of planning…

Figg, Candace; Jamani, Kamini Jaipal

2011-01-01

118

Features of Pre-Kindergarten Programs, Classrooms, and Teachers: Do They Predict Observed Classroom Quality and Child-Teacher Interactions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study draws from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's Multi-State Pre-Kindergarten Study to examine the extent to which program, class- room, and teacher attributes of the program ecology predict observed quality and teacher-child interactions in a sample of 238 classrooms representing 6 states' pre-kindergarten programs. Quality was assessed observationally at the global level and for specific teaching

Robert Pianta; Carollee Howes; Margaret Burchinal; Donna Bryant; Richard Clifford; Diane Early; Oscar Barbarin

2005-01-01

119

Typology of Delivery Quality: Latent Profile Analysis of Teacher Engagement and Delivery Techniques in a School-Based Prevention Intervention, "Keepin' It REAL" Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancing the delivery quality of school-based, evidence-based prevention programs is one key to ensuring uniform program effects on student outcomes. Program evaluations often focus on content dosage when implementing prevention curricula, however, less is known about implementation quality of prevention content, especially among teachers who may…

Shin, YoungJu; Miller-Day, Michelle; Pettigrew, Jonathan; Hecht, Michael L.; Krieger, Janice L.

2014-01-01

120

The Effect of Wage Compression and Alternative Labor Market Opportunities on Teacher Quality in Venezuela  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the effect of teacher relative wages and teacher wage dispersion on high school graduates' preferences for teaching majors in College. This approximation to teacher quality is appropriate in a country like Venezuela as opposed to the US since the rigidity of the tertiary school system significantly limits mobility between…

Ortega, Daniel E.

2010-01-01

121

Interpret With Caution: The First State Title II Reports on the Quality of Teacher Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In enacting new teacher quality provisions in the Higher Education Act, Congress intended to increase clarity and consistency of public reporting about the status of teacher education programs and ensure that states establish accountability measures for teacher preparation institutions. Beginning in 2001, states must report yearly data on six…

Huang, Sandra; Yi, Yun; Haycock, Kati

122

Allocating Quality: Collective Bargaining Agreements and Administrative Discretion Over Teacher Assignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: School leaders argue that to make the improvements in both quality and equity that government mandates demand, they need more flexibility with regard to personnel management—specifically, teacher assignment. According to some, such flexibility is constrained by collective bargaining between teachers unions and school districts.Purpose: To examine how collective bargaining agreements govern the assignment of teachers to schools and classrooms

Lora Cohen-Vogel; LaTara Osborne-Lampkin

2007-01-01

123

Reflections upon Teacher Education in Severe Difficulties in the USA: Shared Concerns about Quantity and Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, Phyllis Jones of the Department of Special Education at the University of South Florida and Elizabeth West from the University of Washington explore key issues in respect to teacher education for teachers who teach pupils with severe and profound learning difficulties in the USA. Issues relating to quantity and quality of teachers

Jones, Phyllis; West, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

124

An Experiment to Test the Feasibility and Quality of a Web-Based Questionnaire of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of web-based surveys to gather information from teachers has become increasingly common primarily based on the premise that they can reduce costs. Yet, relatively, little is known about the quality or cost effectiveness of web-based versus mail surveys for teachers. To study the efficacy of web-based teacher surveys, the author randomly…

Jacob, Robin Tepper

2011-01-01

125

The Relationship of Teacher Quality and Student Achievement in Elementary Schools from the New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to examine the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement in public elementary schools in a community district school of the New York City. It has 23 elementary schools, more than 7,600 students and around 350 teachers. For this study, participants consist of a sample of 117 full-time teachers who were…

Alvarez, Roberto

2008-01-01

126

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2010-07-01

127

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2013-07-01

128

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2014-07-01

129

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2012-07-01

130

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2011-07-01

131

Enhancing teacher assessment practices in South African schools: Evaluation of the assessment resource banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effective use of assessment by teachers can have a significant impact on improving learning. However, teachers require adequate support and appropriate resources to enhance their classroom assessment practices. This article reports on the results of a study which evaluated the effectiveness of Assessment Resource Banks (ARBs) for supporting teachers in rural primary schools to improve their classroom assessment practices.

Anil Kanjee

2009-01-01

132

Links Among Italian Preschoolers’ Socio-Emotional Competence, Teacher-Child Relationship Quality and Peer Acceptance  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the present study was to examine the relations of teacher-child relationship quality (close, conflictive, and dependent), children’s social behavior, and peer likability in a sample of Italian preschool-aged children (46 boys; 42 girls). Preschool teachers evaluated the quality of the teacher-child relationship and children’s social behaviors (i.e., social competence, anger-aggression, and anxiety-withdrawal). Peer-rated likability was measured using a sociometric procedure. Results indicated that conflictual teacher-child relationships were related to high aggressive behavior, and dependent teacher-child relationships were positively associated with children’s anxiety-withdrawal. Moreover, we found an indirect association between close teacher-child relationship quality and peer likability through children’s social competence. The findings provide evidence that the teacher-child relationship is critical for children’s social behaviors, and that social competence was uniquely related to peer likability. PMID:24039375

Sette, Stefania; Spinrad, Tracy; Baumgartner, Emma

2013-01-01

133

Science Education in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Putting Forward a Case to Enhance Student Teachers' Confidence and Competence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Zealand is moving towards increased qualification requirements for early childhood educators. There is an underlying assumption that there is a correlation between quality early childhood education, teacher qualifications and quality practices in teaching and learning. Two fields of literature, early childhood pedagogy and science specific pedagogy, are reviewed briefly to provide a framework with which to consider why student teachers' attitudes, misunderstandings and misconceptions in science can limit their ability and willingness to create quality teaching and learning opportunities. The study reported in this paper highlights, in general, that early childhood student teachers' subject knowledge in science was poor. It also emerged that the student teachers were unaware of how little they knew and how this might affect their ability to provide appropriate science experiences for young children.

Garbett, Dawn

2003-08-01

134

In Pursuit of Teacher Quality in Diversity: A Study of the Selection Mechanisms of New Secondary Teacher Education Programmes in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the definition of teacher quality changes with time, the selection mechanism of students into teacher education programmes may also change accordingly. In Taiwan, before the 1994 teacher education reform, selection of pre-service students was based solely on academic achievement. Afterwards, the selection was delegated to individual teacher

Wang, Hsiou-Huai; Fwu, Bih-Jen

2007-01-01

135

The Improving Teacher Quality Program: 2008 Grants and Current Research. Commission Report 08-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, the Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program issues a Request for Proposals (RFP) to award funds provided annually from the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. In recent years, each RFP has focused on a specific objective tied to state priorities in teacher quality. Six grants were awarded in 2008: (1) Bell Gardens Science…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

136

Observed Classroom Quality in First Grade: Associations with Teacher, Classroom, and School Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The observation and assessment of quality of teacher--child interactions in elementary school settings are increasingly recognized as important; however, research is still very limited in European countries. In this study, we examined the quality of the interactions between teacher and children in first-grade classrooms in Portugal and the extent…

Cadima, Joana; Peixoto, Carla; Leal, Teresa

2014-01-01

137

Select Novice Elementary Teachers' Perceived Knowledge and Implementation of High-Quality Reading Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed methods study was to examine select novice teachers' perceived knowledge of high-quality reading instruction, explore the extent that select novice teachers implemented high-quality reading instruction into their own classrooms, and to investigate any factors that explain the similarities and differences between…

Bumstead, Stacey

2012-01-01

138

Humanistic Qualities of the Teacher as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Bahrain and Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to identify the main qualities of the teacher as a person as perceived by university students in Bahrain and Kuwait. A 25-item questionnaire, which reflected the basic humanistic qualities of the teacher as related to effective teaching, was designed and then administered to a random sample of 520 students enrolled…

Al-Musawi, Nu'man; Karam, Ebraheem M.

2011-01-01

139

Evaluating EFL Intermediate Teachers' Performance in the Light of Quality Standards in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research aimed at four points: First, Identifying the most appropriate standards of EFL Saudi teachers' performance in the light of quality standards. Second, designing an objective and comprehensive evaluation rubric based on quality standards to evaluate EFL Saudi intermediate teachers' performance. Third, determining to what extent…

Al-Thumali, Amani Dakheel Allah

2011-01-01

140

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

141

A Comparison of Teacher-Rated Classroom Conduct, Social Skills, and Teacher–Child Relationship Quality Between Preschool English Learners and Preschool English Speakers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the differences between preschool English learners and preschool English speakers in the areas of classroom conduct, social skills, and teacher–child relationship quality, as rated by their teachers. Data were taken from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project. Students who were English learners were rated significantly more positively on classroom conduct and teacher–child relationship quality than

Molly Luchtel; Kere Hughes; Gayle Luze; Katherine Richardson Bruna; Carla Peterson

2010-01-01

142

Science Education in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Putting Forward a Case to Enhance Student Teachers' Confidence and Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

New Zealand is moving towards increased qualification requirements for early childhood educators. There is an underlying assumption that there is a correlation between quality early childhood education, teacher qualifications and quality practices in teaching and learning. Two fields of literature, early childhood pedagogy and science specific pedagogy, are reviewed briefly to provide a framework with which to consider why student

Dawn Garbett

2003-01-01

143

Life in the Fast Track: How States Seek to Balance Incentives and Quality in Alternative Teacher Certification Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prospect of overseeing the rapid preparation of many participants in fast-track alternative certification programs presents several challenges for state education officials who seek to maintain, or even enhance, the quality of the state’s teaching force. This study examined a range of fast-track alternative teacher certification programs in 11 sites in three states—Connecticut, Louisiana, and Massachusetts. We found that participants

Susan Moore Johnson; Sarah E. Birkeland; Heather G. Peske

2005-01-01

144

An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

2012-01-01

145

Qualities of effective secondary science teachers: Perspectives of university biology students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research was an attempt to hear the student voice concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and to share that voice with those who impact the educational process. It was a snapshot of university freshmen biology students' opinions of the qualities of effective secondary science teachers based on their high school science experiences. The purpose of this study was to compile a list of effective secondary science teacher qualities as determined through a purposeful sampling of university second semester biology students and determine the role of the secondary science teacher in promoting interest and achievement in science, as well as the teacher's influence on a students' choice of a science career. The research was a mixed methods design using both quantitative and qualitative data obtained through the use of a 24 question electronic survey. There were 125 participants who provided information concerning their high school science teachers. Respondents provided information concerning the qualities of effective secondary science teachers and influences on the students' present career choice. The quantitative data was used to construct a hierarchy of qualities of effective secondary science teachers, divided into personal, professional, and classroom management qualities. The qualitative data was used to examine individual student responses to questions concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and student career choice. The results of the research indicated that students highly value teachers who are both passionate about the subject taught and passionate about their students. High school science students prefer teachers who teach science in a way that is both interesting and relevant to the student. It was determined that the greatest influence on a secondary student's career choice came from family members and not from teachers. The secondary teacher's role was to recognize the student's interest in the career and provide encouragement, motivation, and success in support of the chosen career.

McCall, Madelon J.

146

Changes in Student Teachers' Motives and the Meaning of Teacher Education Programme Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides insights into possible changes in 83 student teachers' motives for becoming teachers, their professional commitment and their self-efficacy after a year of teacher education. Furthermore, it addresses the extent to which these changes relate to student teachers' perceptions of their learning environment--specifically,…

Canrinus, E. T.; Fokkens-Bruinsma, M.

2014-01-01

147

The Social Reconstructionist Approach to Teacher Education: A Necessary Component to Achieving Excellence and Quality Education for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving all aspects of the quality of education is dependent on preparing teachers to become critical citizens. The social reconstructionist approach to teacher education is essential to transforming an education system defined by inequity, issues of quality, and issues of access. How do pre-service teachers perceive the mission of quality

Mayne, Hope

2014-01-01

148

Talent Development for the Talent Developers: Identifying and Developing the Qualities of Effective Teachers of Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contains a literature review concerning the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted. The research analysed 15 empirical studies and identified several common qualities of effective teachers. It is proposed that the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted are equivalent to talents in Gagne's differentiated model of giftedness…

Slatter, Christopher John

2008-01-01

149

Student Engagement in the Scottish Quality Enhancement Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research addressed the interplay of student engagement and quality enhancement mechanisms in the Scottish higher education system. The paper demonstrates increasing focus on student learning, learning experience and high-quality learning in the current quality enhancement approaches. The student-university coproduction model is used to…

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2011-01-01

150

Teacher Understanding of Quality in the Visual Arts Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the assessment practices of teachers in the visual arts. This examination was not limited to the rubrics, tests, and grading systems present in the classes, but included observations of teacher conversations with students, questioning strategies of both teacher and student, and daily art room activities. The…

Munson, April Dawn

2009-01-01

151

Enhancing Preservice Teacher Development: Field Experiences with Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 3 field experience visits, 23 elementary preservice teachers implemented mathematical problem-solving tasks with grade 3-6 gifted students. Researchers investigated what the teachers learned about gifted students regarding student characteristics, mathematical problem-solving tasks, and pedagogy. Each teacher completed a pre- and…

Chamberlin, Michelle T.; Chamberlin, Scott A.

2010-01-01

152

Enhancing Recitations: The Social Studies Teacher as Analogist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a case study of how experienced social studies teachers convey the concepts that comprise the curriculum. Reports that researchers observed 3 teachers for 20 hours each. Describes a preference among the teachers for anthropomorphic, familial, and popular culture references. Explains that visual representations were used only as passing…

Tierney, Dennis S.

1991-01-01

153

Teacher Pension Systems, the Composition of the Teaching Workforce, and Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher pension systems concentrate retirements within a narrow range of the career cycle by penalizing individuals who separate too soon or remain employed too long. The penalties result in the retention of some teachers who would otherwise choose to leave, and the premature exit of some teachers who would otherwise choose to stay. We examine the…

Koedel, Cory; Podgursky, Michael; Shi, Shishan

2013-01-01

154

Observation and Teacher Quality: Critical Analysis of Observational Instruments in Preservice Teacher Performance Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher preparation programs commonly use observational instruments to assess the progress and the exit performances of teacher candidates. However, while these instruments have been described and several have been studied for effectiveness, the field lacks a close examination of how they position participants: teacher candidates, K-12 pupils, and…

Caughlan, Samantha; Jiang, Heng

2014-01-01

155

Promoting Quality Teaching: New Approaches to Compensation and Career Pathways. Perspectives from Accomplished California Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report identifies what are thought to be smart ways to redesign career paths and compensation for California teachers. It is known which changes are most likely to improve both teaching quality and student achievement, because these changes address what really matters in schools and what motivates teachers. These are not the traditional and…

National Board Resource Center at Stanford University, 2012

2012-01-01

156

Motivation and Quality of Work Life among Secondary School EFL Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study set out to investigate the relationship between quality of work life and teacher motivation among 160 secondary school English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers in Tehran, Iran. In addition, 30 of the participants were randomly selected to take part in follow-up interviews which asked why they felt the way they reported. The results…

Baleghizadeh, Sasan; Gordani, Yahya

2012-01-01

157

Special Education Teacher Quality and Preparation: Exposing Foundations, Constructing a New Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors trace changes in conceptions of special education teacher quality and preparation in response to developments in special education research, policy, and practice. This developmental arc is a backdrop for understanding contemporary special education practice and charting future directions for preparing special education teachers.…

Brownell, Mary T.; Sindelar, Paul T.; Kiely, Mary Theresa; Danielson, Louis C.

2010-01-01

158

Beginning EFL Teachers' Beliefs about Quality Questions and Their Questioning Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivated by the scarcity of research that examines the impact of teacher beliefs on their actual practices in Vietnam, this study investigated the relationship between teachers' beliefs about quality questions and their questioning behaviours in terms of questioning purposes, content focus, students' cognitive level, wording and syntax.…

Pham, Ly Ngoc Khanh; Hamid, M. Obaidul

2013-01-01

159

Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

2010-01-01

160

Mathematics Teacher Quality: Its Distribution and Relationship with Student Achievement in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A main purpose of the present study was to investigate the distribution of qualified mathematics teachers in relation to students' socioeconomic status (SES), as measured by parental education, among Turkish middle schools. Further, relationships between mathematics teacher quality indicators and students' mathematics achievement were…

Özel, Zeynep Ebrar Yetkiner; Özel, Serkan

2013-01-01

161

The Quality of School Life and Burnout as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being among Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to determine the rate of how teachers' subjective wellbeing is predicted by their perceptions about the quality of school life and burnout levels. The participants of the study consisted of 161 teachers (93 females, 68 males) who were working in elementary schools in Adana central districts. The Positive-Negative…

Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya; Sari, Mediha

2009-01-01

162

The Quality Teacher and Education Act in San Francisco: Lessons Learned. Policy Brief 09-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief reviews the recent experience of the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) with the development and approval of Proposition A. Proposition A (also known as the Quality Teacher and Education Act, or QTEA) included a parcel tax mainly dedicated to increasing teachers' salaries, along with a variety of measures introducing…

Hough, Heather J.

2009-01-01

163

Assessing Quality of Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Written Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of scientific arguments developed by pre-service physics teachers. Sample: The participants were 171 pre-service physics teachers recruited from two universities: 86 from University A and 85 from University B. Design and method: Participants were prompted to develop a written argument to…

Aydeniz, Mehmet; Gürçay, Deniz

2013-01-01

164

Changes in Teachers’ Voice Quality during a Working Day with and without Electric Sound Amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated changes in the voice quality of teachers during a working day (a) in ordinary conditions and (b) when using electrical sound amplification while teaching. Classroom speech of 5 teachers was recorded with a portable DAT recorder and a head-mounted microphone during the first and the last lesson of a hard working day first in ordinary conditions

Valdis Jónsdottir; Anne-Maria Laukkanen; Ilona Siikki

2003-01-01

165

Using microteaching to enhance teacher efficacy in pre?service teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined pre?service teachers' efficacy in relation to the utilisation of microteaching as an assessment tool for postgraduate education students in Australia. Three hundred and fifteen pre?service teachers completed the teacher efficacy survey and additional qualitative questions at Time 1 and 208 completed the survey and questions at Time 2. A principal components analysis conducted on the Time 1

Amanda G. Mergler; D. Tangen

2010-01-01

166

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

167

The National Teacher Enhancement Program (K-8) coordinated by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Teachers need help, not harassment. So do the establishments in which teachers practice their profession. Community resources must be marshalled to provide help to local schools and teachers. In 1990 the National Science Foundation (NSF) established a unique educational activity named the National Teacher Enhancement Program (NTEP). NSF took advantage of the Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored educational programs and resources at several large DOE contractor labs that had had prior experience with DOE supported teacher enhancement programs. While DOE concentrated on teacher enhancement activities for secondary teachers, the NSF concentrated on teachers from grades K-8. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is the lead organization for both administering and coordinating the grant. Other participating laboratories are Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FERMI), Battelle-Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL) with some support functions provided by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU). The program calls for a three week duration workshop to be conducted at each lab followed by in-service training and other activities during the year. The NSF/NTEP protocol calls for networking among the participating organizations and some of the teachers. An assessment effort is also an integral part of the program. 2 refs.

Richmond, C.R.

1991-01-01

168

Ideas Exchange: How Do You Use NASPE's Teacher Toolbox to Enhance Professional Activities with Students, Sport or Physical Education Lessons, Faculty Wellness Classes or Community Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NASPE's Teacher Toolbox is an instructional resource site which provides educators with a wide variety of teaching tools that focus on physical activity. This service is provided by NASPE to support instructional activities as well as promote quality programs. New monthly issues support NASPE's mission to enhance knowledge, improve professional…

Simpkins, Mary Ann; McNeill, Shane; Dieckman, Dale; Sissom, Mark; LoBianco, Judy; Lund, Jackie; Barney, David C.; Manson, Mara; Silva, Betsy

2009-01-01

169

Prospective Teachers' Views about Video-Enhanced General Biology Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to determine the views of the prospective physics and chemistry teachers about the video-enhanced General Biology instruction. The participants included 19 second-year prospective teachers (10 in Physics and 9 in Chemistry Education) at Necatibey Faculty of Education, Balikesir University, Turkey in the 2011-2012 academic…

Çetin, Gülcan

2014-01-01

170

Insights from a Subject Knowledge Enhancement Course for Preparing New Chemistry and Physics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent Government response to shortages of new physics and chemistry teachers is the extended subject knowledge enhancement (SKE) course. Graduates without a physics or chemistry bachelor degree are prepared by an SKE course to enter a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) programme to become science teachers with a physics or chemistry…

Inglis, Michael; Mallaburn, Andrea; Tynan, Richard; Clays, Ken; Jones, Robert Bryn

2013-01-01

171

Impact of Global School/University Partnerships on Science Teacher Enhancement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates a model for teacher enhancement that incorporates cross-cultural interaction and the construction of web-based environmental teaching modules that would support sustained collaborative inquiry among students and teachers. Over a two-year period, web-assisted environmental inquiries and web-based teaching modules were…

Hassard, Jack; Weisberg, Julie

172

A Study of NSF Teacher Enhancement Program (TEP) Participants and Principal Investigators: 1984-1989. Volume I: Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Foundation (NSF) supported more than 600 inservice teacher training programs between 1984 and 1989 under its Teacher Enhancement Program (TEP). Two studies were undertaken of TEP: the first was a survey of the 600 Principal Investigators (PIs) who had operated inservice teacher enhancement projects and the second, a survey of…

Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.

173

Quality and Quantity of Friendship: Students' and Teachers' Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Significant differences were found in perceptions of friendship when 121 adolescents with mild mental retardation (MR) in special education and 189 students studying in self-contained classrooms in regular schools were compared with 50 teacher reports. Students with MR in special schools reported having few friends, while teachers estimated these…

Heiman, Tali

2000-01-01

174

Implementing Promising Practices to Prepare Quality Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States does more than just talk; it invests a lot of money in public education. While students are the major focus of concern, teachers are a mainstay in the enterprise. In 2002, the U.S. invested $192 billion in teacher pay and benefits. More than 50% of all dollars allocated by the government for education is paid in salaries for…

Gentry, Ruben

2012-01-01

175

Teacher student relationship quality type in elementary grades: Effects on trajectories for achievement and engagement  

PubMed Central

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second and third grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with reports of others: Congruent positive, Congruent Negative, Incongruent Child Negative and Incongruent Child Positive. The cluster solution evidenced good internal consistency and construct validity. Cluster membership predicted growth trajectories for teacher-rated engagement and standardized achievement scores over the following three years, above prior performance. The predictive associations between child reports of teacher support and conflict and outcomes depended on whether child reports were consistent or inconsistent with reports of others. Study findings have implications for theory development, assessment of teacher-student relationships, and teacher professional development. PMID:20728688

Wu, Jiun-yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man

2010-01-01

176

How Can Video Supported Reflection Enhance Teachers' Professional Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper responds to Eva Lundqvist, Jonas Almqvist and Leif Ostman's account of how the manner of teaching can strongly influence pupil learning by recommending video supported reflection as a means by which teachers can transform the nature of their practice. Given the complex nature of the many conditions which influence and control teachers'…

McCullagh, John F.

2012-01-01

177

Enhancing Professionalism? Teachers' Voices on Continuing Professional Development in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the concept of continuing professional development (CPD) for teachers in Scotland in an education system undergoing change. It considers the curricular and political changes which affect the nature of CPD considered appropriate and relevant for teachers. This article reports on one small-scale qualitative study into…

MacDonald Grieve, Ann; McGinley, Brian Peter

2010-01-01

178

Rethinking Teachers' Goal Orientations: Conceptual and Methodological Enhancements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article provides a theoretical extension of the goal orientation approach for teaching by proposing three different competence facets of learning goals and four types of addressees for performance approach and avoidance goals. On the basis of responses from 495 teacher trainees and 224 in-service teachers, the development and validation of an…

Nitsche, Sebastian; Dickhauser, Oliver; Fasching, Michaela S.; Dresel, Markus

2011-01-01

179

The effect of teacher quality on the achievement of students in Integrated Physics and Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For many years, researchers, policy makers, and the education community have explored various school variables and their impact on student achievement (Darling-Hammond, 2000; Ferguson and Womack 1993; Ferguson and Ladd 1996; Rice, 2003; Rockoff, 2003; Rowan, Chiang, and Miller 1997; Sanders and Horn, 1996; Wright Horn and Sanders, 1997). Invariably, the issue of teacher quality arises. Teacher quality is the single most influential factor under school control that affects student achievement (Darling-Hammond, 2000; Rice, 2003; Rockoff, 2003; Sanders and Horn, 1996; Wright Horn and Sanders, 1997). Generally, students taught by highly qualified teachers perform better on standardized tests than students with less qualified teachers (Ferguson and Womack 1993; Ferguson and Ladd 1996; Rowan, Chiang, and Miller 1997). Previous research indicates that teachers indeed matter for the improvement of student achievement, but getting good measures of what is meant by teacher quality is a continuing challenge (Goldhaber, 2002). The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of teacher quality on the achievement of students in Integrated Physics and Chemistry (IPC). In order to achieve this purpose, this study addressed the following research question: chemistry and physics teachers compare to the achievement of students taught by less-qualified IPC teachers? A causal-comparative methodology was employed to address this research question. The independent variable was teacher quality---highly-qualified or less qualified. The teacher attributes that were examined in this study are: (1) teachers' educational background; (2) content knowledge; (3) pedagogical knowledge; and (4) certification. The dependent variable was student achievement in integrated physics and chemistry, as measured by an end-of-course IPC District Assessment of Curriculum, IPC DAC. Descriptive statistics were computed for the independent variable in the study. A Chi Square was performed on the data, utilizing SPSS version 12.0.1 software. Next a test of statistical significance was done to determine whether the null hypothesis could be rejected; and whether or not the research hypothesis could be accepted. Since this is a causal comparative design with only two groups in which student achievement was measured by a test that will yield raw scores, a Chi Square was conducted to determine whether the pass rates of the two groups of students based on obtained and expected percentages were statistically significantly different A Chi Square value of 4.29 was obtained, which indicates that the pass rate for students of highly-qualified teachers was statistically significantly higher than for students of less-qualified teachers. For the purpose of this study a criterion value of (p<.05) was used.

Alexander, Rima

180

Adaptive fingerprint image enhancement with fingerprint image quality analysis  

E-print Network

images is heavily dependent on the quality of the fingerprint images. In order to improve the performance an adaptive preprocessing method to improve image quality appropriately. The preprocessing is performed afterAdaptive fingerprint image enhancement with fingerprint image quality analysis Eun-Kyung Yun, Sung

Cho, Sung-Bae

181

Quality Enhancement on E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Benchmarking, a method for quality assurance has not been very commonly used in higher education with regard to e-learning. Today, e-learning is an integral part of higher education, and so should also be an integral part of quality assurance systems. However, quality indicators, benchmarks and critical success factors on e-learning have…

Ossiannilsson, E. S. I.

2012-01-01

182

Mathematics Teacher Education Quality in TEDS-M: Globalizing the Views of Future Teachers and Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics, sponsored by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, is the first data-based study about mathematics teacher education with large-scale samples; this article is based on its data but develops a stand-alone conceptual framework to investigate the…

Hsieh, Feng-Jui; Law, Chiu-Keung; Shy, Haw-Yaw; Wang, Ting-Ying; Hsieh, Chia-Jui; Tang, Shu-Jyh

2011-01-01

183

Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing Quality Culture. ENQA Workshop Report 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK), organised a seminar on theme "Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing quality culture" which was held on 8-9 June, 2010 in London, United Kingdom. The seminar marked the fourth annual meeting of the ENQA IQA Group…

ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), 2010

2010-01-01

184

Fair to Everyone: Building the Balanced Teacher Evaluations that Educators and Students Deserve. Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In schools across America, teachers know who among their peers is doing the best work and who is not. Yet the nation's evaluation systems tend to foster the notion that all teachers perform the same way, with the same results for students. Indeed, in an attempt at equality--uniform treatment for everyone--current evaluation systems often end up…

Almy, Sarah

2011-01-01

185

Classroom Quality Rating Systems: How Do Teachers Prepare and What Do They Think about the Process?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with the South Carolina Department of Education, the authors surveyed prekindergarten and kindergarten teachers whose schools participated in a quality rating system to see what they did to get ready for the observation and what they thought of the evaluation process. The authors also asked them what they thought about the quality of their…

Scott-Little, Catherine; Brown, E. Glyn; Hooks, Laura McDonald; Marshall, Betty Jo

2008-01-01

186

E-Learning Quality Assurance: A Perspective of Business Teacher Educators and Distance Learning Coordinators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Business teacher educators and distance learning coordinators have the responsibility to deliver quality online courses and programs. Therefore, they must make sure that quality assurance benchmarks are present in online business education courses and programs. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which…

Chapman, Betty F.; Henderson, Ronda G.

2010-01-01

187

Guidelines for Professional Development of Online Teachers: Based on the SREB "Standards for Quality Online Teaching"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with member states, SREB developed the nation's first Standards for "Quality Online Teaching," which define the qualifications of a quality online teacher and the standards needed for academic preparation, content knowledge, online skills and delivery. Building on those standards, this report presents extensive guidelines that can assist…

Glowa, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

188

Teachers' Education, Classroom Quality, and Young Children's Academic Skills: Results from Seven Studies of Preschool Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to provide high-quality preschool education, policymakers are increasingly requiring public preschool teachers to have at least a Bachelor's degree, preferably in early childhood education. Seven major studies of early care and education were used to predict classroom quality and children's academic outcomes from the educational…

Early, Diane M.; Maxwell, Kelly L.; Burchinal, Margaret; Alva, Soumya; Bender, Randall H.; Bryant, Donna; Cai, Karen; Clifford, Richard M.; Ebanks, Caroline; Griffin, James A.; Henry, Gary T.; Howes, Carollee; Iriondo-Perez, Jeniffer; Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen; Pianta, Robert C.; Vandergrift, Nathan; Zill, Nicholas

2007-01-01

189

ENHANCING SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION THROUGH QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The basic features of the Quality Assurance Program have been in existence since the early 1980's, but this poster will highlight some topics that have emerged more recently, in particular the Agency's laboratory competency policy, the information quality guidelines, and scientif...

190

MATHEMATICS ENHANCEMENT IN HORTICULTURE CURRICULUM: AN EXPLORATORY EXAMINATION OF TEACHER CONCERNS DURING INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an abundance of mathematical concepts in the agricultural education curriculum. Teachers of agriculture have a unique opportunity to teach application skills that enhance their students' mathematical skill level and problem solving ability. This study examines an effort to enhance mathematical knowledge in the context of horticulture. The purpose of this research effort was to examine the concerns of

Daniel J. Jansen; Larry G. Enochs; Gregory W. Thompson

191

Raise Academic Quality Improve Student Success Enhance Financial and  

E-print Network

goals and targets for your department for the 2013-2014 academic year. Wherever possible, they should-2014 Academic Year Performance Goals & Targets for Chancellery Executives OfficeP Raise Academic Quality Improve Student Success Enhance Financial and Management Effectiveness

Rosen, Jay

192

Separating the Chaff of Bureaucracy from the Grain of Pedagogy: Creating Quality New Teachers in the Age of Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attack against teacher education has seemed increasingly focused and pervasive in recent years with the national government joining the discussion. The 2002 U.S. Secretary of Education's Annual Report on Teacher Quality (U.S. Department of Education) called for the dismantlement of teacher education programs and their "burdensome requirements"…

Lesley, Mellinee; Gee, Donna; Matthews, Marian

2010-01-01

193

MTU-pre-service teacher enhancement program. Final report, September 1992--May 1995  

SciTech Connect

The MTU Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program was a two year extended project designed to introduce a select group of science and engineering undergraduate students, with good {open_quotes}people skills,{close_quotes} to the teaching profession. Participants were paid for their time spent with area teacher/mentors and were involved in a variety of in school activities, projects and observations to illustrate the teaching profession. They were encouraged to consider the teaching profession as a future career option. The student participants, however, were under no obligation to enter the Teacher Education Program at the conclusion of the program.

Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.J.

1996-01-01

194

Quality Assessment by Science Teachers: Five Focus Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to teach science well, science teachers need to know what to focus on in order to ensure their assessment of student learning is meaningful and useful for the students' on going learning and development. The diversity and range of content and skills within the subject of science mean that the assessment capabilities required by…

Edwards, Frances

2013-01-01

195

Recruiting and Retaining High-Quality Teachers in Rural Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In examining recruitment and retention of teachers in rural areas, David Monk begins by noting the numerous possible characteristics of rural communities--small size, sparse settlement, distance from population concentrations, and an economic reliance on agricultural industries that are increasingly using seasonal and immigrant workers to minimize…

Monk, David H.

2007-01-01

196

ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL (QUAL2EU)  

EPA Science Inventory

The enhanced stream water quality model QUAL2E and QUAL2E-UNCAS (37) permits simulation of several water quality constituents in a branching stream system using a finite difference solution to the one-dimensional advective-dispersive mass transport and reaction equation. The con...

197

Providing Chemistry Teachers with Opportunities to Enhance Their Knowledge in Contemporary Scientific Areas: A Three-Stage Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to help teachers to bring their students into contact with the frontiers of chemistry, a special program for enhancing chemistry teachers' content knowledge as well as their pedagogical knowledge was launched at the Weizmann Institute of Science. The program, which was specifically designed for the chemistry teachers, consists of three…

Mamlok-Naaman, Rachel; Blonder, Ron; Hofstein, Avi

2010-01-01

198

LOL Teacher! Using Humor to Enhance Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laughing with students can help them connect on a deeper level with the teacher and the learning. This article offers the following four strategies to incorporate humor into teaching: (1) Integrate humorous bits to boost engagement; (2) Choose humorous materials; (3) Create interest with humorous web tools and apps; and (4) Teach with silly…

Terrell, Shelly

2015-01-01

199

Enhancing Teacher Well-Being: Put On Your Oxygen Masks!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every day, teachers have the opportunity to have great impact on the lives of children through their leadership in the classroom. Their positive influence in the classroom is critical to meeting the challenges of educating and guiding young minds to their full potential. Recent research offers a number of strategies for promoting the five…

Hills, Kimberly J.; Robinson, Ashley

2010-01-01

200

Considering Professional Identity to Enhance Agriculture Teacher Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional identity secondary agriculture teachers display can affect their receptiveness and interest in different professional development events, yet is often overlooked when designing professional development because it is not included in the consensus of proven methods of professional development design and delivery (Desimone, 2009).…

Shoulders, Catherine W.; Myers, Brian E.

2011-01-01

201

Arti cial Neural Network Visual Model for Image Quality Enhancement  

E-print Network

Arti cial Neural Network Visual Model for Image Quality Enhancement S. Chen y, Z He x and P and quadtree coding systems show that the proposed arti cial neural network visual model signi cantly enhances of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JL, U.K. Abstract An arti cial neural network visual model is developed, which

Chen, Sheng

202

Typology of delivery quality: latent profile analysis of teacher engagement and delivery techniques in a school-based prevention intervention, keepin' it REAL curriculum.  

PubMed

Enhancing the delivery quality of school-based, evidence-based prevention programs is one key to ensuring uniform program effects on student outcomes. Program evaluations often focus on content dosage when implementing prevention curricula, however, less is known about implementation quality of prevention content, especially among teachers who may or may not have a prevention background. The goal of the current study is to add to the scholarly literature on implementation quality for a school-based substance use prevention intervention. Twenty-five schools in Ohio and Pennsylvania implemented the original keepin' REAL (kiR) substance use prevention curriculum. Each of the 10, 40-45 min lessons of the kiR curriculum was video recorded. Coders observed and rated a random sample of 276 videos reflecting 78 classes taught by 31 teachers. Codes included teachers' delivery techniques (e.g., lecture, discussion, demonstration and role play) and engagement with students (e.g. attentiveness, enthusiasm and positivity). Based on the video ratings, a latent profile analysis was run to identify typology of delivery quality. Five profiles were identified: holistic approach, attentive teacher-orientated approach, enthusiastic lecture approach, engaged interactive learning approach and skill practice-only approach. This study provides a descriptive typology of delivery quality while implementing a school-based substance use prevention intervention. PMID:25274721

Shin, YoungJu; Miller-Day, Michelle; Pettigrew, Jonathan; Hecht, Michael L; Krieger, Janice L

2014-12-01

203

Do Demographic Factors, School Functioning, and Quality of Student-Teacher Relationships as Rated by Teachers Predict Internalising and Externalising Problems among Norwegian Schoolchildren?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explored the association between child internalising and externalising problems in schools and demographic factors (sex and age), school functioning (academic performance and adaptive functioning) and teacher-reported student-teacher relationship quality in a cross-sectional study using structural equation modelling. The study…

Drugli, May Britt; Klokner, Christian; Larsson, Bo

2011-01-01

204

The Relationship Between Teacher Behaviours and Student Talk in Promoting Quality Learning in Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper distils 24 years of classroom research into promoting quality learning in science classrooms to develop an overall framework for better understanding and describing both the learning and the teaching approaches that stimulate and support it. For me, quality learning is characterised by adjectives such as informed, purposeful, reflective, intellectually active, metacognitive and independent. Central to quality learning is the role of talk, and central to promoting talk which promotes quality learning are certain teacher behaviours. I first focus on the ways that teachers behave in the classroom in order to promote, react to and use student talk. These behaviours are summed up in a list of twelve principles for quality teaching. Each of these principles requires, as well as appropriate teacher behaviours, the use of effective teaching procedures. I then focus on four kinds of student talk that exemplify informed, purposeful, reflective and intellectually active thinking. These variously involve students’ existing ideas and explanations; increasing student ownership of practical activities; constructive challenges to the teacher (or text’s) idea, and lateral, reflective ‘thinking’ questions.

Mitchell, Ian

2010-03-01

205

The Teacher and the World: A Study of Cosmopolitanism as Education. Teacher Quality and School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers over the world over are seeking creative ways to respond to the problems and possibilities generated by globalization. Many of them work with children and youth from increasingly varied backgrounds, with diverse needs and capabilities. Others work with homogeneous populations and yet are aware that their students will encounter many…

Hansen, David

2011-01-01

206

State and Local Implementation of the "No Child Left Behind Act." Volume VIII--Teacher Quality under "NCLB": Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings about teacher quality from two longitudinal studies, the National Longitudinal Study of "No Child Left Behind" (NLS-"NCLB"), and the Study of State Implementation of Accountability and Teacher Quality Under "No Child Left Behind" (SSI-"NCLB"). The research teams for these two studies have collaborated to provide an…

Birman, Beatrice F.; Boyle, Andrea; Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Elledge, Amy; Holtzman, Deborah; Song, Mengli; Thomsen, Kerri; Walters, Kirk; Yoon, Kwang-Suk

2009-01-01

207

State and Local Implementation of the "No Child Left Behind Act." Volume II--Teacher Quality under "NCLB": Interim Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings about teacher quality from two longitudinal studies, the National Longitudinal Study of "No Child Left Behind" (NLS-"NCLB"), and the Study of State Implementation of Accountability and Teacher Quality Under "No Child Left Behind" (SSI-"NCLB"). The research teams for these two studies have collaborated to provide an…

Birman, Beatrice F.; Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Klekotka, Amy; Ludwig, Meredith; Taylor, James; Walters, Kirk; Wayne, Andrew; Yoon, Kwang-Suk

2007-01-01

208

Enhanced Teacher Preparation Coming to You Live from the Teacher Learning Center!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features an innovative project called the "Teacher Learning Center" (TLC) that is jointly funded by the South Dakota Department of Education, Black Hills State University (BHSU), and the Spearfish School District in Spearfish, South Dakota. The purpose of this project was to provide opportunities for preservice and new elementary…

Hovland, Michelle; Chandler, Cynthia

2008-01-01

209

The Review of Teacher Education Programmes and Transformational Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Higher Education Quality Committee's definition of quality (HEQC 2001) includes standard elements familiar to other higher education systems as well as elements specific to South Africa's own contextual priorities and purposes. These elements are fitness for and of purpose, value for money, and individual and social transformation (Singh…

Bitzer, E.; Botha, J.; Menkveld, H.

2008-01-01

210

Water Quality Indicators Guide [and Teacher's Handbook]: Surface Waters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide aids in finding water quality solutions to problems from sediment, animal wastes, nutrients, pesticides, and salts. The guide allows users to learn the fundamental concepts of water quality assessment by extracting basic tenets from geology, hydrology, biology, ecology, and wastewater treatment. An introduction and eight chapters are…

Terrell, Charles R.; Perfetti, Patricia Bytnar

211

NASA's Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement Initiatives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration celebrated its 25th Anniversary in 1983 at the Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC, with President Reagan in attendance. We look back on the accomplishments of these twenty-five years with pride in our missions and our people. NASA captured the world's imagination during the days of the Apollo mission. So much so, that we now talk about the Apollo era. In the l970s, we moved into the Space Transportation business and in the 199Os, we look forward to having a manned Space Station. Each succeeding mission has presented its own challenge in terms of technology and resources. This is especially true today, when we are being asked to do more with less. To ensure that NASA continues to be a productive and quality conscious agency, one of our highest Agency goals is leadership in the development and application of practices which contribute to high productivity and quality. greatest competitive strength, and this country has a solid scientific and engineering foundation. Traditionally we have spent more money on research and development than Japan and Europe combined, and we are the source of most of this century significant innovations. We should build on this solid base and use it more effectively.

1984-01-01

212

Framing Quality: Annotated Video-Based Portfolios of Classroom Practice by Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we describe the use of peer learning teams creating annotated video-based portfolios to improve the quality of teacher-child interactions of undergraduate majors in early childhood and family studies. We used the intentional teaching framework (Hamre et al. in "Handbook of Early Education." Guilford Publications, New York,…

Joseph, Gail E.; Brennan, Carolyn

2013-01-01

213

The Role of Psychological and Developmental Science in Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Theory, methods, and knowledge gained from years of study in psychological science and human development apply to the understanding and improvement of teacher quality and, ultimately, student achievement and social and emotional outcomes. With these applications, educational research has stronger potential to make more effective and…

Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Hamre, Bridget K.

2010-01-01

214

Quality Improvement in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Faculty Perspectives and Recommendations for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately 1,200 institutions of higher education in the United States offer a degree in early childhood education, but recent research questions the strength of the relationship between teachers having a degree and benefits to child development and learning. However, there has been little empirical focus on the "quality" of degree programs.…

Hyson, Marilou; Tomlinson, Heather Biggar; Morris, Carol A. S.

2009-01-01

215

Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources and…

Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

2011-01-01

216

The Effect of the Adoption of the Quality Philosophy by Teachers on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if the adoption of the Deming philosophy by teachers and use of the LtoJ[R] process resulted in greater academic achievement. Results of internal consistency analysis indicated that the instrument, the "Commitment to Quality Inventory for Educators," was a reliable measure of the Deming philosophy for…

Sandifer, Cody Clark

2009-01-01

217

Water Quality: Water Education for Teachers. A 4-H School Enrichment Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This looseleaf notebook is a teacher resource package that is designed for enrichment program use. It contains five units dealing with water quality: (1) The Water Cycle; (2) Our Water Supply; (3) Waste/Water Treatment; (4) Water Conservation; (5) Water Pollution. The units provide background information, experiments, stories, poems, plays, and…

Powell, G. Morgan; Kling, Emily B.

218

The Quality and Distribution of Teachers under the No Child Left Behind Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main effects of No Child Left Behind on the quality of teaching are likely to come through two provisions of the act. First, NCLB establishes benchmarks based on test score pass rates that schools must meet in order to remain in good standing and avoid sanctions. Since teachers are central to student performance, this accountability component of NCLB is

Eric A. Hanushek; Steven G. Rivkin

2010-01-01

219

Emotional Climate and High Quality Learning Experiences in Science Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of emotion during learning encounters in science teacher education is under-researched and under-theorized. In this case study, we explore the emotional climates (ECs), that is, the collective states of emotional arousal, of a preservice secondary science education class to illuminate practice for producing and reproducing high quality

Bellocchi, Alberto; Ritchie, Stephen M.; Tobin, Kenneth; King, Donna; Sandhu, Maryam; Henderson, Senka

2014-01-01

220

Parent Involvement as a Predictor of Teacher-Child Relationship Quality in Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Research on teacher-child relationships is important, as the quality of this relationship is linked to numerous child outcomes in the areas of academic and social functioning. In addition, parent involvement has been identified as a significant factor in the successful development of a child. This study attempted to join these…

Wyrick, Amanda J.; Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz

2009-01-01

221

Promoting teacher quality and continuity : tackling the disadvantages of remote Indigenous schools in the Northern Territory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complexity associated with reducing inequality in Indigenous education incorporates a multitude of causal factors. Issues associated with education delivery and outcomes in remote Indigenous communities are endemic nationally, yet the communities of the Northern Territory are uniquely disadvantaged due to their geographical and cultural isolation. By looking at the factors affecting the quality and continuity of teachers in remote

Inga Brasche; Ingrid Harrington

2012-01-01

222

Teacher Perceptions of Principals' Leadership Qualities: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed method study used survey research, open-ended questions, and interviews to identify transformational leadership qualities among principals of publicly funded schools in the Province of Alberta, Canada. Five-hundred-nine teachers (37.7%) from a random sample of schools in the province completed the Multifactor leadership Questionnaire…

Hauserman, Calvin P.; Ivankova, Nataliya V.; Stick, Sheldon L.

2007-01-01

223

Brain Drain? Recruitment and Retention of High Quality Teachers in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines whether graduates of high academic quality (as measured by their university or university college Grade Point Average or GPA) are recruited to and remain in school jobs. Extensive data from Norwegian administrative registers are used. The analyses show that graduates from specialised and concurrent general teacher programmes go…

Mastekaasa, Arne

2011-01-01

224

Teachers' Quality, Instructional Strategies and Students' Performance in Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the instruction between two independent variables of Teacher Quality and Instructional Strategy on Students Performance in Secondary School Science. In trying to examine the problem of this study, three null hypotheses were generated for testing at 0.05 level of significance Factorial Analysis of variance design with one…

Okoye, Nnamid S.; Momoh, Solomon O.; Aigbomian, Daniel O.; Okecha, Rita Ebele

2008-01-01

225

Enhancing Student Self-Worth in the Primary School Learning Environment: Teachers' Views and Students' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings from a study of teachers and students' views regarding self-worth in the primary school learning environment. The revised New Zealand curriculum recognises the importance of self-worth in students' motivation and ability to learn. While the need to enhance self-worth in the classroom has been well established in the…

Cushman, Penni; Cowan, Jackie

2010-01-01

226

Utilizing Spatial Math to Enhance Secondary Mathematics Instruction Pedagogy Teacher Perspective  

E-print Network

Utilizing Spatial Math to Enhance Secondary Mathematics Instruction Pedagogy ­Teacher Perspective, Greenville, SC, 29613 After an introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and research, I was ready by creating activities that would incorporate spatial literacy into specific topics. From this idea came

227

Evaluation of a Prototype Teacher Enhancement Program on Science Performance Assessment. Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A central task in evaluating a prototype education program is to study the variability of delivery and outcomes from site to site. The evaluation should also indicate what to expect and what to do when a Teacher Enhancement Program (TEP) program becomes fully operational. An approach to evaluating TEPs was developed and applied to a concrete case,…

Ruiz-Primo, Maria Araceli; Shavelson, Richard J.; Baxter, Gail P.

228

Enhancing Pre-Service Elementary Teachers' Conceptual Understanding of Solution Chemistry with Conceptual Change Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the use of a constructivist-based pedagogy to enhance understanding of some features of solution chemistry. Pre-service science teacher trainees' prior knowledge about the dissolution of salts and sugar in water were elicited by the use of a simple diagnostic tool. The test revealed widespread alternative conceptions. These…

Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa; Coll, Richard Kevin

2007-01-01

229

Subject Knowledge Enhancement (SKE) Courses for Creating New Chemistry and Physics Teachers: Do They Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During extended subject knowledge enhancement (SKE) courses, graduates without chemistry or physics bachelor degrees prepared to enter a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) programme to become chemistry or physics teachers. Data were gathered from the exit survey returned by Liverpool John Moores University SKE students about to start…

Tynan, Richard; Mallaburn, Andrea; Jones, Robert Bryn; Clays, Ken

2014-01-01

230

Using Combinations of Software To Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Critical Thinking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizes the study of quadratic equations to illustrate the use of combinations of software to enhance critical thinking in preservice mathematics teachers. Concludes that the use of multiple software enriches students' learning experiences and improves their critical-thinking skills. (ASK)

Oppong, Nicholas K.; Russell, Alan

1998-01-01

231

Teaching with Objects and Photographs: Supporting and Enhancing Your Curriculum. A Guide for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended for all teachers who wish to enhance their curriculum by incorporating objects and photographs into their lesson plans. Kindergarten and elementary, middle, and high school classrooms can all benefit from expanded use of these materials. The guide can be used across a range of subject areas including history, community,…

Sieber, Ellen

232

Enhancing Children's Prosocial Development by Teacher Implemented Story Telling and Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 61 Belgian boys and girls who were 5 and 7 years old participated in an experiment which aimed at enhancing their giving and helping behavior. Treatment basically involved the induction of empathy. Children in the experimental group were told stories by their teacher in which the hero meets secondary characters who are in need and acts…

Vandenplas-Holper, Christiane; And Others

233

Blog-Enhanced ICT Courses: Examining Their Effects on Prospective Teachers' ICT Competencies and Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blogs are used as a technology support tool in teaching-learning processes in contemporary schools, especially in higher education. This paper examines the effects of using blogs on prospective teachers' perceived ICT competencies and perceptions in blog-enhanced ICT courses. Both quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used in the…

Goktas, Yuksel; Demirel, Turgay

2012-01-01

234

Bio-inspired framework for automatic image quality enhancement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a bio-inspired framework for automatic image quality enhancement. Restoration algorithms usually have fixed parameters whose values are not easily settable and depend on image content. In this study, we show that it is possible to correlate no-reference visual quality values to specific parameter settings such that the quality of an image could be effectively enhanced through the restoration algorithm. In this paper, we chose JPEG blockiness distortion as a case study. As for the restoration algorithm, we used either a bilateral filter, or a total variation denoising detexturer. The experimental results on the LIVE database will be reported. These results will demonstrate that a better visual quality is achieved through the optimized parameters over the entire range of compression, with respect to the algorithm default parameters.

Ceresi, Andrea; Gasparini, Francesca; Marini, Fabrizio; Schettini, Raimondo

2012-01-01

235

An Observatory to Enhance the Preparation of Future California Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With a major grant from the W. M. Keck Foundation, California State University, San Bernardino is establishing a state-of-the-art teaching astronomical observatory. The Observatory will be fundamental to an innovative undergraduate physics and astronomy curriculum for Physics and Liberal Studies majors and will be integrated into our General Education program. The critical need for a research and educational observatory is linked to changes in California's Science Competencies for teacher certification. Development of the Observatory will also complement a new infusion of NASA funding and equipment support for our growing astronomy education programs and the University's established Strategic Plan for excellence in education and teacher preparation. The Observatory will consist of two domed towers. One tower will house a 20" Ritchey-Chretien telescope equipped with a CCD camera in conjunction with either UBVRI broadband filters or a spectrometer for evening laboratories and student research projects. The second tower will house the university's existing 12" Schmidt-Cassegrain optical telescope coupled with a CCD camera and an array of filters. A small aperture solar telescope will be attached to the 12" for observing solar prominences while a milar filter can be attached to the 12" for sunspot viewing. We have been very fortunate to receive a challenge grant of \\600,000 from the W. M. Keck Foundation to equip the two domed towers; we continue to seek a further \\800,000 to meet our construction needs. Funding also provided by the California State University, San Bernardino.

Connolly, L.; Lederer, S.

2004-12-01

236

Making Quality Strides in Liberia Marketing Enhancements in the  

E-print Network

Making Quality Strides in Liberia Marketing Enhancements in the Liberian Cocoa Sector Demanie Musu of Agricultural Economics ­ Department of Food Science and Technology ­ University of Tennessee Soil, Plant exchange Image Source: http://www.ilike2learn.com/ilike2learn/Continent%20Maps/Africa%20Political%20Large

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

237

Genetic enhancement of peanut oil quality and disease resistance  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objectives of this project were to develop recombinant inbred lines (RILs, derived from SunOleic 97R x NC94022 ) for genetic and genomic studies and enhancement of peanut oil quality and disease resistance. The major fatty acids (oleic acid, linoleic acid, and palmitic acid) were 83.5%, 1.8%, an...

238

Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal. Student teachers' responses to questionnaires, peer evaluation guidelines, and interviews provided alternative views about the efficacy of my pedagogy. Data collection and analysis was a hermeneutic and recursive process revealing emergent themes. One theme was that a focus on science content knowledge gave a false sense of confidence and overshadowed our ability to engage in meaningful conversations about learning to teach—a practice challenged through self-study research.

Garbett, Dawn

2011-12-01

239

Need for Equipping Teachers for Quality Higher Education: Exploring How Teachers in Kerala Perceive Quality Practices in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few years, India's higher education sector has witnessed remarkable progress. Though the country has the largest and the second largest higher education system in the world in terms of the number of institutions and enrolment respectively, it still faces challenges on several fronts. Quality of higher education (HE) is a…

Gafoor, Kunnthodi Abdul; Shilna, V.

2013-01-01

240

Differentiating the concept of teacher efficacy for academic achievement, classroom management and discipline, and enhancement of social relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The questions examined in this study reflected a multidimensional concept of teacher efficacy that extended the construct beyond the domain of academic achievement and included the domains of classroom management\\/discipline and social skills enhancement. A 25-item multidomain teacher efficacy instrument was assembled to measure teacher efficacy for the school domains of academic achievement, management\\/discipline, and student social relations. This study

Joan Cecile Reilly

2002-01-01

241

Getting from Here to There: The Roles of Policy Makers and Principals in Increasing Science Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we investigate how federal and state policy makers, and school principals are working to improve science teacher quality. Interviews, focused discussions, and policy documents serve as the primary data source. Findings suggest that both policy makers and principals prioritize increasing incentives for teachers entering the science…

Shen, Ji; Gerard, Libby; Bowyer, Jane

2010-01-01

242

The Interaction of Principal and Teacher Instructional Influence as a Measure of Leadership as an Organizational Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article presents the design and test of a measure of school leadership as an organizational quality through the interaction of principal and teacher instructional influence. The Organizational Leadership Model hypothesizes four distinct conditions of school leadership, and the analysis investigates the relationship between teacher,…

Jackson, Karen M.; Marriott, Christine

2012-01-01

243

Demonstrating a Situated Learning Approach for In-Service Teacher Education in Rural India: The Quality Education Programme in Rajasthan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent educational policy in India has repositioned elementary school teachers as active, reflective practitioners, not just "deliverers" of syllabus material. This article examines innovations in teacher support in Rajasthan's government schools through the "Quality Education Program." Drawing on qualitative research of collaborative learning…

Saigal, Anju

2012-01-01

244

Teaching Matters: How State and Local Policymakers Can Improve the Quality of Teachers and Teaching. CPRE Policy Briefs RB-48  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of CPRE Policy Briefs summarizes the findings on issues related to teacher quality in the chapter authored by Thomas B. Corcoran in the book, "The State of Education Policy Research." The report also draws on discussions that took place during a 2006 policy briefing on teacher labor-market issues held in Chicago and sponsored by the…

Corcoran, Thomas B.

2007-01-01

245

Teachers' Perceptions about Their Quality of School Life According to Their School Setting, Gender and Years of Teaching Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A team of researchers from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville is in its tenth year of working with individual schools to improve the quality of life within educational communities. This paper reports on the current Quality of School Life (QSL) study conducted to assess teachers' perceived levels of satisfaction with the quality of their…

Kershaw, C.; And Others

246

Integrating On-Line Technology into Teaching Activities to Enhance Student and Teacher Learning in a New Zealand Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing emphasis given to computer technology resourcing in schools presents potential for web-based initiatives which focus on quality arts teaching and learning, as ways to improve arts outcomes for all students. An arts e-learning collaborative research project between specialist on-line teacher/researchers and generalist primary teachers

Baskerville, Delia

2012-01-01

247

Teacher professional learning in an online community: the experiences of the National Quality Schooling Framework Pilot Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational authorities in many developed countries are funding the development of online environments that aim to facilitate teacher professional learning through collegial, reflective sharing of practice. But is this a case of ‘if we build it they will come’? Are teachers ready to share ideas and experiences in online communities of practice to enhance their professional learning? This article examines

Nicky Carr; Dianne P. Chambers

2006-01-01

248

A Message from the NSTA President: Quality Science Teachers -- Essential to America's Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Our nation has begun to take science and the accomplishments of scientists in the United States for granted. The telephone, airplane, automobile, electric power, atomic fuel, vaccine, transplants, medicines--all of the discoveries of the past century--were expected outcomes of the US education and economic systems. But, we cannot rely on the past century for what will become the legacy of this country. Quality science teachers are essential to America's future.

Linda Froschauer

2006-09-01

249

A Message from the NSTA President: Quality Science Teachers -- Essential to America's Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Our nation has begun to take science and the accomplishments of scientists in the United States for granted. The telephone, airplane, automobile, electric power, atomic fuel, vaccine, transplants, medicines--all of the discoveries of the past century--were expected outcomes of the U.S. education and economic systems. But, we cannot rely on the past century for what will become the legacy of this country. Quality science teachers are essential to America's future.

Linda Froschauer

2006-09-01

250

Examining Factors Affecting Beginning Teachers' Transfer of Learning of ICT-Enhanced Learning Activities in Their Teaching Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 100 beginning teachers' transfer of learning when utilising Information Communication Technology-enhanced activity-based learning activities. The beginning teachers had participated in a professional development program that was characterised by "learning technology by collaborative design" in their final year of…

Agyei, Douglas D.; Voogt, Joke

2014-01-01

251

From a Caterpillar to a Butterfly: The Growth of a Teacher in Developing Technology-Enhanced Mathematical Investigations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the critical experiences of a middle school mathematics teacher as she progressed from a novice to a knowledgeable creator of technology-enhanced learning activities for her classroom. During an eight week intervention, cognitive apprenticeship strategies (Collins, 1991) were utilized in a partnership with the teacher until…

Glazer, Evan

2004-01-01

252

A Study of NSF Teacher Enhancement Program (TEP) Participants and Principal Investigators: 1984-1989. Volume II: Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study documents the effects of participation in the Teacher Enhancement Program (TEP) of the National Science Foundation (NSF). The NSF awarded more than 600 grants to scientists, mathematicians, and educators to develop and operate inservice teacher training programs between 1984 and 1989. The present study focuses specifically upon the…

Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.

253

Enhancing Problem-Solving Skills of Pre-Service Elementary School Teachers through Problem-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to enhance pre-service teachers' problem-solving skills by giving them opportunity to understand the problem solving process. The study, using an experimental approach, was conducted with 85 pre-service elementary school teachers. The experimental group experienced problem based learning (PBL), while the control…

Koray, Ozlem; Presley, Arzu; Koksal, Mustafa Serdar; Ozdemir, Muhammet

2008-01-01

254

Challenging, Eye-Opening, and Changing U.S. Teacher Training in Korea: Creating Experiences That Will Enhance Global Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study explored the short-term international experience of pre-service teachers to create and enhance global perspectives. These teachers (n = 5), all female graduate students at a university in the U.S., were fully immersed in a foreign culture for three weeks while teaching English to primary and secondary students in Korea. Pre-,…

Oh, Kevin; Nussli, Natalie

2014-01-01

255

Relationships of important elements of the student teaching experience and methods of student teaching placement to the quality of experience of student teachers  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to determine important elements and placement practices of student teaching as perceived by teacher educators and how well each student teacher perceived his/her quality of experience based on these criteria. Data were...

Morrish, Douglas Glenn

2004-09-30

256

How Organizations Can Enhance the Quality of Life of Their Clients and Assess Their Results: The Concept of QOL Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the framework of a dynamic approach to quality of life (QOL) enhancement based on the conceptualization and measurement of individual-referenced quality of life. Sections of the article summarize the premises of QOL enhancement, provide the rationale for a dynamic approach to QOL enhancement, discuss six components of QOL…

Reinders, Hans S.; Schalock, Robert L.

2014-01-01

257

Design and implementation of two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During this summer, I have been part of a four team effort that planned and executed two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes (TEI) for 40 K-8 teachers from this area. The TEI was designed to enhance teachers' background in aeronautics and technology so that they would be better equipped to encourage and to train students in the mathematics, science, and technology fields. The teachers were given a stipend and three graduate credits from Christopher Newport University for their participation in this program. The four ASEE fellows worked together to develop objectives and a schedule of activities for each two-week session based on the program outline given in the grants that were funding this effort. We divided the responsibilities in coordinating and implementing each part of the TEI based on the specific strengths and background of each ASEE fellow. My specific responsibilities were: (1) to develop the course syllabus and generally handle all matters involved with the graduate course; (2) coordinate the follow-up sessions; and (3) design and manage half of the technology sessions that we had scheduled (approximately 30% of the TEI was devoted to technology). Because the first two responsibilities were primarily administrative in nature, I will address only the last. The technology sessions were divided into computer-only and other technologies (e.g., television and digital technology including scanning, digital photography and CD-ROM). I had responsibility for the computer-only technology sessions. The emphasis of these sessions was on use of the Internet specifically to locate and use educational resources. To maximize learning, these sessions were hands-on with two teachers at each computer. Each teacher received instruction in, and actually used, the most popular tools available on the Internet: email (they were given temporary accounts at NASA LaRC), anonymous ftp and archie, gopher and veronica, mosaic, and telnet. Teachers participated in hands-on workshops to learn about these programs, but were also given time during the two-week session to explore on their own and to find resources on the Net that specifically met their needs. In order to ensure that Internet access continues after their return to the classroom, aIl teachers who did not have them also applied for Learning Link accounts (from WHRO, the local public television station) and Virginia Pen accounts (from the Department of Education of Virginia), both of which allow textbased access to Internet. In addition to getting exposure to and practice with Internet tools, teachers were aIso given a hands-on seminar (and also given practice time) on ClarisWorks, an integrated word processing, spreadsheet, database, and paint package. The technology sessions (and TEI as a whole) were enthusiastically received by both new and more experienced teachers as extremely helpful in improving their ability to use technology in developing lesson pIans.

Lambert, Lynn

1994-01-01

258

Sustaining High Quality Teaching and Evidence-based Curricula: Follow-up Assessment of Teachers in the REDI Project  

PubMed Central

Recent research has validated the power of evidence-based preschool interventions to improve teaching quality and promote child school readiness when implemented in the context of research trials. However, very rarely are follow-up assessments conducted with teachers in order to evaluate the maintenance of improved teaching quality or sustained use of evidence-based curriculum components after the intervention trial. In the current study, we collected follow-up assessments of teachers one year after their involvement in the REDI research trial to evaluate the extent to which intervention teachers continued to implement the REDI curriculum components with high-quality, and to explore possible pre-intervention predictors of sustained implementation. In addition, we conducted classroom observations to determine whether general improvements in the teaching quality of intervention teachers (relative to control group teachers) were sustained. Results indicated sustained high-quality implementation of some curriculum components (the PATHS curriculum), but decreased implementation of other components (the language-literacy components). Sustained intervention effects were evident on most aspects of general teaching quality targeted by the intervention. Implications for practice and policy are discussed. PMID:24204101

Bierman, Karen L; DeRousie, Rebecca M. Sanford; Heinrichs, Brenda; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Greenberg, Mark T.; Gill, Sukhdeep

2013-01-01

259

Raising the Bar of Teacher Quality: Accountability, Collaboration, and Social Justice. The Claremont Letter. Volume 1, Issue 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, reform efforts to address poor student achievement have focused on a variety of issues other than teacher quality. Movements such as TQM (Total Quality Management), class size reduction (CSR), school leadership, parental involvement, and multicultural curriculum have not directly addressed the power or influence of the individual…

Ganley, DeLacy Derin; Quintanar, Anita P.; Loop, Lisa S.

2006-01-01

260

Service Quality and Students' Satisfaction with the Professional Teacher Development Programmes by Distance Mode in a South African University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the relationship between seven factors that described dimensions of education service quality and overall service quality on one hand, and students' satisfaction with the professional teacher development programmes by distance mode in a South African University on the other. We sought to find out whether students enrolled…

Oduaran, A. B.

2011-01-01

261

Changes in teachers' voice quality during a working day with and without electric sound amplification.  

PubMed

The present study investigated changes in the voice quality of teachers during a working day (a). in ordinary conditions and (b). when using electrical sound amplification while teaching. Classroom speech of 5 teachers was recorded with a portable DAT recorder and a head-mounted microphone during the first and the last lesson of a hard working day first in ordinary conditions and the following week using amplification. Long-term average spectrum and sound pressure level (SPL) analyses were made. The subjects' comments were gathered by questionnaire. Voice quality was evaluated by 2 speech trainers. With amplification, SPL was lower and the spectrum more tilted. Voice quality was evaluated to be better. The subjects reported less fatigue in the vocal mechanism. Spectral tilt decreased and SPL increased during the day. There was a tendency for perceived asthenia to decrease. No significant changes were observed in ordinary conditions. The acoustic changes seem to reflect a positive adaptation to vocal loading. Their absence may be a sign of vocal fatigue. PMID:12931060

Jónsdottir, Valdis; Laukkanen, Anne-Maria; Siikki, Ilona

2003-01-01

262

The influence of fidelity of implementation on teacher-student interaction quality in the context of a randomized controlled trial of the Responsive Classroom approach.  

PubMed

This study examined the direct and indirect effects between training in the Responsive Classroom® (RC) approach, teachers' uptake of RC practices, and teacher-student interaction quality, using a structural equation modeling framework. A total of 24 schools were randomly assigned to experimental or control conditions. Third- and fourth-grade teachers in treatment schools (n=132) received training in the RC approach, whereas teachers in control schools (n=107) continued "business as usual." Observers rated teachers' fidelity of implementation (FOI) of RC practices 5 times throughout the year using the Classroom Practices Observation Measure. In addition, teachers completed self-report measures of FOI, the Classroom Practices Teacher Survey and Classroom Practices Frequency Survey, at the end of the school year. Teacher-student interactions were rated during classroom observations using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System. Controlling for teachers' grade level and teacher-student interaction quality at pretest, RC training was expected to predict posttest teacher-student interaction quality directly and indirectly through FOI. Results supported only a significant indirect effect, ?=0.85, p=.002. Specifically, RC teachers had higher levels of FOI of RC practices, ?=1.62, p<.001, R2=.69. In turn, FOI related to greater improvement in teacher-student interaction quality, ?=0.52, p=.001, R2=.32. Discussion highlights factors contributing to variability in FOI and school administrators roles in supporting FOI. PMID:23870440

Abry, Tashia; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E; Larsen, Ross A; Brewer, Alexis J

2013-08-01

263

Automating Image Enhancement Optimization Using Image Quality Metrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Image enhancement algorithms typically require tuning one or more input parameters to get the best results. Skipping this step or poor choice of values can often result in significant decrease in enhancement level or even degrade the image. This paper demonstrates the utility of image quality metrics in automating this tuning process for Space Situational Awareness imagery of resolved Resident Space Objects. The metrics considered in this study compare an original pristine image to the final displayed image, thus only apply directly to simulated images. However it is shown that a training set can be used to determine the best settings as a function of measureable imaging condition (light level, r0, …) to produce a look-up table that can be used for field collected data.

Gerwe, D.; Luna, C.; Calef, B.

2014-09-01

264

A Technology Enhanced Learning Model for Quality Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technology Enhanced Learning and Teaching (TELT) Model provides learning through collaborations and interactions with a framework for content development and collaborative knowledge sharing system as a supplementary for learning to improve the quality of education system. TELT deals with a unique pedagogy model for Technology Enhanced Learning System which includes course management system, digital library, multimedia enriched contents and video lectures, open content management system and collaboration and knowledge sharing systems. Open sources like Moodle and Wiki for content development, video on demand solution with a low cost mid range system, an exhaustive digital library are provided in a portal system. The paper depicts a case study of e-learning initiatives with TELT model at IIITM-K and how effectively implemented.

Sherly, Elizabeth; Uddin, Md. Meraj

265

Teacher Pay and Teacher Aptitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can changes in teacher pay encourage more able individuals to enter the teaching profession? So far, studies of the impact of pay on the aptitude distribution of teachers have provided mixed evidence on the extent to which altering teacher salaries represents a feasible solution to the teacher quality problem. One possible reason is that these…

Leigh, Andrew

2012-01-01

266

34 CFR 611.12 - What additional selection criteria are used for an application proposing teacher recruitment...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for an application proposing teacher recruitment activities? 611.12 Section 611.12 Education Regulations of the Offices... OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT...

2010-07-01

267

Shaping the Profession That Shapes the Future. Speeches from the AFT/NEA Conference on Teacher Quality (Washington, D.C., September 25-27, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents papers given at a 1998 joint meeting of the American Federation of Teachers and National Education Association which focused on teacher quality. One common thread of this conference was criticism of the growing practice of granting emergency certification to unprepared or underprepared teachers. The papers address how to…

American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC.

268

The influences of LuxX in Escherichia coli biofilm formation and improving teacher quality through the Bio-Bus Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objectives of this work are: (1) to agarose-stabilize fragile biofilms for quantitative structure analysis; (2) to understand the influences of LuxS on biofilm formation; (3) to improve teacher quality by preparing Georgia's middle school science teachers to integrate inquiry-based, hands-on research modules in the classroom. Quantitative digital image analysis demonstrated the effectiveness of the agarose stabilization technique for generating reproducible measurements of three dimensional biofilm structure. The described method will also benefit researchers who transport their flow cell-cultivated biofilms to a core facility for imaging. AI-2-dependent and independent effects of LuxS on biofilm-related phenotypes were revealed, suggesting that LuxS is a versatile enzyme, possessing multiple functions in E. coli ecology that could assist E. coli in adapting to diverse conditions. Overall, the work presented in this dissertation supported the concept that QS, biofilm formation, and cell adhesion are largely related. Additionally, through this project, teachers enhanced content knowledge and confidence levels, mastered innovative teaching strategies and integrated inquiry-based, inter-disciplinary, hands-on activities in the classroom. As a result, student learning was enhanced, and Georgia's students are better equipped to become tomorrow's leaders. INDEX WORDS: Biofilm, Escherichia coli, Quorum sensing, LuxS, Autoinducer-2, Microbial ecology

Robbins, Chandan Morris

269

Who Is the Ideal Teacher? Am I? Similarity and Difference in Perception of Students of Education regarding the Qualities of a Good Teacher and of Their Own Qualities as Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines two images of teachers as seen by students of education: the ideal teacher and their own self-image as teachers. The research compares the students' perceptions of these two images using two sub-groups of students of education: students at an academic teachers' college who will be referred to as student teachers and…

Arnon, Sara; Reichel, Nirit

2007-01-01

270

Increasing self-efficacy and quality lesson planning using Lesson-Study with elementary preservice teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This qualitative, quasi-experimental study examined if lesson-study could be a successful approach in improving lesson plan quality and increasing self-efficacy levels toward teaching science at the preservice elementary teacher level in North Mississippi. Lesson-Study can be defined as a cycle of instructional improvement in which small groups work together to design and teach a lesson, revising again as needed over the course of a semester. This study described the experiences of two sections of preservice teachers enrolled in a science methods course as they engaged in lesson-study at a comprehensive university in Northeast Mississippi. One section of the class served as the control group while the other section, as the treatment group, received lesson-study over the course of the semester. Data was gathered in the form of interviews, observations, and a self-efficacy survey (STEBI-B). Lesson plans were also graded using a rubric to determine quality level. Findings indicated that, while not statistically significant, the treatment groups scores on the self-efficacy instrument increased more on average than the control groups' scores. There were also positive comments about the lesson study process from the teacher candidates in the treatment group as well as positive behaviors recorded by the researcher. Additionally, according to the external evaluators who graded the final drafts of the lessons, the treatment group had greater gains than the control class on average. These conclusions suggested the lesson study process implemented during the preservice teaching level can be beneficial.

Mitchell, Elizabeth Ann

271

Associations between Child and Teacher Characteristics and Quality of Teacher-Child Relationships: The Case of Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to investigate variations in teacher-child relationships in childcare classrooms in Budapest, Hungary (N = 172 children in 43 classrooms), and to examine whether variations were associated with child and/or teacher characteristics. In addition, cultural variation was examined with reference to an American…

Koles, Bernadett; O'Connor, Erin E.; Collins, Brian A.

2013-01-01

272

Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality. A Statement by the Policy and Impact Committee of the Committee for Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This CED report examines teacher pay and other compensation issues. Schools must be able to compete effectively for college-educated workers who have more career choices and see themselves as more mobile professionally than did earlier generations. Traditional compensation policies for teachers (salary schedules that reward only longevity and…

Committee for Economic Development, 2009

2009-01-01

273

Anticipating Innovation in Teacher Evaluation Systems: Lessons for Researchers and Policymakers. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing prominence of value-added models for measuring teacher effectiveness has prompted a recent surge in policies that consider students' classroom performance part of a teacher's evaluation. Yet, in light of the criticism and limitations of the current models, whether and how evaluation systems will adapt over time is unclear. This paper…

Hansen, Michael

2013-01-01

274

Coaching to Enhance Quality of Implementation in Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the topics covered by coaches assisting teachers implementing a research-based drug prevention program and explore how coaching affects student outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: The All Stars drug prevention curriculum is implemented by 16 urban teachers who received four coaching sessions.…

Dusenbury, Linda; Hansen, William B.; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Pittman, Donna S.; Wilson, Cicely V.; Nelson-Simley, Kathleen; Ringwalt, Chris; Pankratz, Melinda; Giles, Steven M.

2010-01-01

275

Teacher development: a patchwork-text approach to enhancing critical reflection in veterinary and para-veterinary educators.  

PubMed

Reflection is an essential component of teacher-development programs, and reliable, valid methods to teach, assess, and evaluate reflection are critical. However, it is important that appropriate methods are created for and evaluated across multiple disciplinary backgrounds, as the participants' backgrounds are a major factor in the development of critical reflection. The patchwork-text approach is a narrative process that is predominantly focused on the personal development of the individual. The current study used the patchwork-text approach for the development of reflection in participants with a science background who had not used a reflective approach for personal development before. Twenty summative essays and 103 formative essays from 21 participants who underwent a 1-year higher-education teacher-development program were analyzed to assess whether the quality and quantity of reflective writing was enhanced through a regular, iterative process of reflective writing with feedback. The analysis of the essays involved the use of a predefined set of criteria for identifying the different reflective levels from 1 to 4 and the calculation of a reflective score to evaluate the overall development. The results show a clear improvement of higher-level critical thinking as the participants progressed through their course. Higher levels of reflection were achieved particularly where a unit focused on a familiar area for the participant as opposed to one in which the participant had less experience. The analysis provides evidence that the patchwork text is a useful method for development and evaluation of reflection in participants with a veterinary/animal-science base. PMID:24589866

Silva-Fletcher, Ayona; May, Hilary; Magnier, Kirsty M; May, Stephen A

2014-01-01

276

Enhancing the quality of thermographic diagnosis in medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the possibilities of enhancing the quality of thermographic diagnosis in medicine by increasing the objectivity of the processes of recording, visualization, and interpretation of IR images (thermograms) of patients. A test program is proposed for the diagnosis of oncopathology of the mammary glands, involving standard conditions for recording thermograms, visualization of the IR image in several versions of the color palette and shades of grey, its interpretation in accordance with a rigorously specified algorithm that takes into account the temperature regime in the Zakharin-Head zone of the heart, and the drawing of a conclusion based on a statistical analysis of literature data and the results of a survey of more than 3000 patients of the Minsk City Clinical Oncological Dispensary.

Kuklitskaya, A. G.; Olefir, G. I.

2005-12-01

277

The Influence of Vocal Qualities and Confirmation of Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers on Student Receiver Apprehension, Affective Learning, and Cognitive Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of teacher vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors on student learning. Students (N = 197) enrolled in nonnative English-speaking teachers' classes completed a battery of instruments. Results indicated that both vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors were negatively related to receiver apprehension,…

Hsu, Chia-Fang

2012-01-01

278

When Is a School Environment Perceived as Supportive by Beginning Mathematics Teachers? Effects of Leadership, Trust, Autonomy and Appraisal on Teaching Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the hypothesis that the more support beginning mathematics teachers perceive and the better they evaluate the management of their school, the higher their teaching quality is. Indicators of teaching quality were how the teachers, who were in their third year in the profession, regarded themselves able to cope with the…

Blömeke, Sigrid; Klein, Patricia

2013-01-01

279

"I'm Prepared for Anything Now": Student Teacher and Cooperating Teacher Interaction as a Critical Factor in Determining the Preparation of "Quality" Elementary Reading Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is an examination of the interactions between 19 pairs of student teachers and cooperating teachers engaged in guided reading instruction in Grades 1 through 3. As the basis for the study, the authors analyzed interaction patterns through conducting content analysis (Van Sluys, Lewison, & Seely Flint, 2006) and discourse analysis…

Lesley, Mellinee K.; Hamman, Doug; Olivarez, Arturo; Button, Kathryn; Griffith, Robin

2009-01-01

280

Program Qualities That Make a Field Research Experience Valuable to Classroom Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous programs exists that pair K-12 teachers with scientists for summer research projects, and, overall, these programs are quite beneficial in a variety of ways. Some benefits of these programs to the teacher include providing real-world experiences that can be turned into classroom lessons, increasing the science teacher's own level of knowledge, and helping to reignite the teacher's enthusiasm for

K. Beckendorf; J. Hammond; E. McMahon; E. Williams; T. Bates

2005-01-01

281

Enhancing Students' Engagement: Report of a 3-Year Intervention with Middle School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All teachers (N = 32) at one middle school participated in a university-led intervention to improve student engagement. Teachers discussed four principles of motivation and related instructional strategies. Teachers enacted instructional strategies in their classrooms. We observed six randomly selected teachers and their students over 3 years.…

Turner, Julianne C.; Christensen, Andrea; Kackar-Cam, Hayal Z.; Trucano, Meg; Fulmer, Sara M.

2014-01-01

282

The Academic Quality Handbook: Enhancing Higher Education in Universities and Further Education Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as an introduction to the management of quality assurance and enhancement in higher education, particularly in England. The text focuses on the relationship between institutional quality assurance and the auditing authority of the British Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. The chapters of part 1, "The Quality

McGhee, Patrick

283

A two-step approach to see-through bad weather for surveillance video quality enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adverse weather conditions such as snow, fog or heavy rain greatly reduce the visual quality of outdoor surveillance videos. Video quality enhancement can improve the visual quality of surveillance videos providing clearer images with more details. Existing work in this area mainly focuses on quality en- hancement for high resolution videos or still images, but few algorithms are developed for

Zhen Jia; Hongcheng Wang; Rodrigo Caballero; Ziyou Xiong; Jianwei Zhao; Alan Finn

2011-01-01

284

Quasi-output-cost-ratio, perceived voice quality, and subjective evaluation in female kindergarten teachers.  

PubMed

This study estimated vocal economy and investigated its relation to perceived voice quality and self-reported symptoms of vocal fatigue in kindergarten teachers. Quasi-output-cost ratio (QOCR) was calculated for sustained vowel [a:] at habitual loudness and at sound pressure level (SPL) of 90 dB(6cm). QOCR was calculated as (SPL/CQ(EGG)) × T/T(0), where CQ(EGG) is the contact quotient measured from the electroglottogram, T is the period length, and T(0) is arbitrarily set mean period length (0.005 s in females). QOCR correlated negatively with perceived firmness at standard SPL and with the evaluation of too high pitch for the subject at both SPLs. QOCR did not predict self-reported vocal fatigue. Further studies with connected speech and objectively stated loading symptoms are warranted. PMID:22414313

Kankare, Elina; Laukkanen, Anne-Maria

2012-07-01

285

Recruiting, Preparing, and Retaining High Quality Secondary Mathematics and Science Teachers for Urban Schools: The Cal Teach Experimental Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recruiting, preparing, and retaining high quality secondary mathematics and science teachers are three of the most critical problems in the nation's urban schools that serve a vast majority of children from socially and economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Although the factors contributing to these problems are complex, one area that has caught…

Newton, Xiaoxia A.; Jang, Heeju; Nunes, Nicci; Stone, Elisa

2010-01-01

286

Sustaining High-Quality Teaching and Evidence-Based Curricula: Follow-Up Assessment of Teachers in the REDI Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Recent research has validated the power of evidence-based preschool interventions to improve teaching quality and promote child school readiness when implemented in the context of research trials. However, very rarely are follow-up assessments conducted with teachers in order to evaluate the maintenance of improved teaching…

Bierman, Karen L.; Sanford DeRousie, Rebecca M.; Heinrichs, Brenda; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Greenberg, Mark T.; Gill, Sukhdeep

2013-01-01

287

How Do District Management and Implementation Strategies Relate to the Quality of the Professional Development That Districts Provide to Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined policy mechanisms and processes that districts used to provide high quality inservice professional development to teachers. Data from a national probability sample of professional development coordinators in districts that received federal funding for professional development highlighted specific management and implementation strategies…

Desimone, Laura; Porter, Andrew C.; Birman, Beatrice F.; Garet, Michael S.; Yoon, Kwang Suk

2002-01-01

288

Quality and Relevance in Teacher Education. Responding to New Realities. ACTFL Review of Foreign Language Education, Vol. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement and maintenance of high quality, relevant teacher education are two of the foreign language teaching profession's most pressing problems. Several of the responsibilities that the profession must assume in order to deal with these problems are improving the esteem for the profession, identifying professional commitment, controlling…

De Lorenzo, William E.

289

Creating a Strong Contingent of Qualified Higher Education Personnel with Teachers of High Quality Is the Key  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article expresses focuses on the challenge of producing a higher education teaching cohort that can keep pace with the demands of economic, scientific, and technological development. Particular attention is given to the shortage of elite high-quality teachers and how to attract and maintain them, including superior programs run in a…

Yuguo, Wang

2005-01-01

290

Teachers' Occupational Well-Being and Quality of Instruction: The Important Role of Self-Regulatory Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' occupational well-being (level of emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction) and quality of instruction are two key aspects of research on teaching that have rarely been studied together. The role of occupational engagement and resilience as two important work-related self-regulatory dimensions that predict occupational well-being and…

Klussman, Uta; Kunter, Mareike; Trautwein, Ulrich; Ludtke, Oliver; Baumert, Jurgen

2008-01-01

291

Are Teachers' Education, Major, and Credentials Related to Classroom Quality and Children's Academic Gains in Pre-Kindergarten?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, few studies of state-funded pre-kindergarten have fully addressed questions about the association between teachers' education, major, and credentials with classroom quality or children's academic gains. The current paper uses data from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's (NCEDL) Multi-State Study of Pre-Kindergarten,…

Early, Diane M.; Bryant, Donna M.; Pianta, Robert C.; Clifford, Richard M.; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Ritchie, Sharon; Howes, Carollee; Barbarin, Oscar

2006-01-01

292

Linking School and Community To Build National Recruitment and Preparation Programs for Teachers of Color: Emerging Leadership Qualities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the emerging leadership qualities needed to establish and administer programs to recruit and prepare teachers of color. The discussion is derived from experience with the Pathways to Teaching Careers initiative funded by the DeWitt Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund. The importance of linking efforts by educational leaders is stressed. (SLD)

Hudson, Mildred J.

1998-01-01

293

The Quality of Local District Assessments Used in Nebraska's School-Based Teacher-Led Assessment and Reporting System (STARS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 293 local district assessments used in the Nebraska STARS (School-based Teacher-led Assessment and Reporting System), 147 from 2004 district mathematics assessment portfolios and 146 from 2003 reading assessment portfolios, was scored with a rubric evaluating their quality. Scorers were Nebraska educators with background and training…

Brookhart, Susan M.

2005-01-01

294

Multilevel component-based histogram equalization for enhancing the quality of grayscale images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contrast enhancement is an important step in almost every image processing and computer vision application. Different applications demand different approaches to achieve the required level of enhancement. In consumer electronics, for example, any enhancement method should be able to enhance both global and local details but not at the expense of deterioration in image quality. In this paper we present

Iyad Jafar; Hao Ying

2007-01-01

295

Mathematics in the Middle: Enhancing Teachers' Understanding of the Interplay Between "School Math" and Professional Uses of Mathematics  

E-print Network

Mathematics in the Middle: Enhancing Teachers' Understanding of the Interplay Between "School Math" and Professional Uses of Mathematics Barbara Garii, Assistant Professor of Curriculum and Instruction (garii-Oswego Abstract As American society becomes more technologically reliant, applications of mathematics are less

Spagnolo, Filippo

296

Benefits of teaching voice amplification as related to subjective laryngeal symptoms and perceived voice quality in teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Loud speaking due to noisy working conditions is a common cause for teachers' voice disorders. One way to diminish the vocal load of teaching is to make use of technical equipment. This Icelandic study explores: (1) if the use of amplification in classrooms would diminish the teachers' experienced symptoms of vocal fatigue; and (2) whether there is a possible change in perceptual voice quality during a teachers' working day. Thirty-three teachers, from grade school to university level, voluntarily served as subjects. They used amplifiers while teaching for one week at least. After that, they filled out a questionnaire concerning their symptoms and experiences. The results showed that the majority of teachers found amplification beneficial. They found it easier to talk and experienced less fatigue. The few disadvantages were technical. For a perceptual analysis, three females and two males (mean age 51 years) with long teaching experience and three or more dysphonic symptoms during the term, had their speech recorded while teaching, with and without amplification. In the clinical examination, no pathological changes were found in the vocal folds. In both studies, the quality of the voices was esteemed better when amplification was used.

Jonsdottir, Valdis

2005-04-01

297

Thermosonication as a potential quality enhancement technique of apple juice.  

PubMed

Enzymatic browning and microbial growth lead to quality losses in apple products. In the present study, fresh apple juice was thermosonicated using ultrasound in-bath (25 kHz, 30 min, 0.06 W cm(-3)) and ultrasound with-probe sonicator (20 kHz, 5 and 10 min, 0.30 W cm(-3)) at 20, 40 and 60°C for inactivation of enzymes (polyphenolase, peroxidase and pectinmethylesterase) and microflora (total plate count, yeast and mold). Additionally, ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids, flavonols, pH, titratable acidity, (°)Brix and color values influenced by thermosonication were investigated. The highest inactivation of enzymes was obtained in ultrasound with-probe at 60°C for 10 min, and the microbial population was completely inactivated at 60°C. The retention of ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids and flavonols were significantly higher in ultrasound with-probe than ultrasound in-bath at 60°C. These results indicated the usefulness of thermosonication for apple juice processing at low temperature, for enhanced inactivation of enzymes and microorganisms. PMID:24373787

Abid, Muhammad; Jabbar, Saqib; Hu, Bing; Hashim, Malik Muhammad; Wu, Tao; Lei, Shicheng; Khan, Muhammad Ammar; Zeng, Xiaoxiong

2014-05-01

298

Teacher Quality: Beyond No Child Left Behind. A Response to Kaplan and Owings (2002)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because there is no overall teacher shortage, but rather specific subject area shortages and an adverse selection and allocation problem, the No Child Left Behind Act's requirement that all teachers be \\

Andrew J. Rotherham; Sara Mead

2003-01-01

299

The Role of Teacher Quality in Retention and Hiring: Using Applications to Transfer to Uncover Preferences of Teachers and Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many large urban school districts are rethinking their personnel management strategies, often giving increased control to schools in the hiring of teachers, reducing, for example, the importance of seniority. If school hiring authorities are able to make good decisions about whom to hire, these reforms have the potential to benefit schools and…

Boyd, Don; Lankford, Hamp; Loeb, Susanna; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Wyckoff, Jim

2011-01-01

300

Seniority Rules: Do Staffing Reforms Help Redistribute Teacher Quality and Reduce Teacher Turnover? CRPE Working Paper 2010-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reformers routinely call on school districts to stop hiring teachers based on seniority, which they argue interferes with effective staffing, especially in disadvantaged schools. The few researchers who have empirically studied the issue, however, disagree about whether seniority-based hiring is systematically associated with staffing…

Gross, Betheny; DeArmond, Michael; Goldhaber, Dan

2010-01-01

301

Summary of strategies for planning Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Summary of NASA Strategies for Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement respond to NASA's eighth top goal: Establish NASA as a leader in the development and application of advanced technology and management practices which contribute to significant increases in both Agency and national productivity. The Strategies provide the framework for development of the agency-wide Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE) Plans.

1986-01-01

302

The Impact of a National Policy to Enhance Teaching Quality and Status, England, the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teaching Quality Enhancement Fund was established by the Higher Education Funding Council for England, UK, with the declared aims of enhancing the quality of teaching and learning and raising the status of teaching among higher education institutions. This paper considers the three strands of the initiative--subject, institutional, and…

Gosling, David

2004-01-01

303

Teachers' Perceptions of School Organizational Climate as Predictors of Dosage and Quality of Implementation of a Social-Emotional and Character Development Program.  

PubMed

Organizational climate has been proposed as a factor that might influence a school's readiness to successfully implement school-wide prevention programs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of teachers' perceptions of three dimensions of school organizational climate on the dosage and quality of teacher implementation of Positive Action, a social-emotional and character development (SECD) program. The dimensions measured were teachers' perceptions of (a) the school's openness to innovation, (b) the extent to which schools utilize participatory decision-making practices, and (c) the existence of supportive relationships among teachers (teacher-teacher affiliation). Data from 46 teachers in seven schools enrolled in the treatment arm of a longitudinal, cluster-randomized, controlled trial were analyzed. Teacher perceptions of a school's tendency to be innovative was associated with a greater number of lessons taught and self-reported quality of delivery, and teacher-teacher affiliation was associated with a higher use of supplementary activities. The findings suggest that perceptions of a school's organizational climate impact teachers' implementation of SECD programs and have implications for school administrators and technical assistance providers as they work to implement and sustain prevention programs in schools. PMID:25468408

Malloy, Margaret; Acock, Alan; DuBois, David L; Vuchinich, Samuel; Silverthorn, Naida; Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R

2014-12-01

304

The Benefits of Newman and Parse in Helping Nurse Teachers Determine Methods to Enhance Student Creativity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Holistic nursing theories are useful in developing nursing students' creative potential. Certain teacher behaviors may interfere with creativity, such as encouraging students to rely on teachers too much or at the wrong time. (SK)

Jacono, Brenda J.; Jacono, John J.

1996-01-01

305

Seniority Provisions in Collective Bargaining Agreements and the "Teacher Quality Gap"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For at least two decades, studies have demonstrated that the least experienced and credentialed teachers are concentrated in poor, minority, and low-performing schools. Some blame provisions in collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) between teachers unions and school districts that favor senior teachers. Seniority preference rules, they say,…

Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Feng, Li; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

2013-01-01

306

Using Performance-Based Pay to Improve the Quality of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tying teachers' pay to their classroom performance should, says Victor Lavy, improve the current educational system both by clarifying teaching goals and by attracting and retaining the most productive teachers. But implementing pay for performance poses many practical challenges, because measuring individual teachers' performance is difficult.…

Lavy, Victor

2007-01-01

307

Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: Making the Most of Recent Research. TQ Research & Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While many studies attest that some teachers contribute more to their students' academic growth than other teachers, research has not been very successful at identifying the specific teacher qualifications, characteristics, and classroom practices that are most likely to improve student learning. Unfortunately, this is just the information that…

Goe, Laura; Stickler, Leslie M.

2008-01-01

308

Using Drawn Images to Prepare Teachers Who Can Envision and Actualize a World of Educational Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Examined or unexamined, all teacher candidates (TCs) bring to their teacher education programs their prior school experience as well as the socio-cultural history of education. This study was one of a series done by this researcher (1994, 2004, 2005, 2006) to find ways to promote reflective practice in teacher education. Purpose: The…

Armstrong, Dorothy Ciner

2007-01-01

309

Enhancement of Pre-Service Teachers' Teaching Interventions with the Aid of Historical Examples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the attempt to include a historical perspective in a pre-service teacher education course. It is based on the design research approach and the main aim is the development of a product, a module for student-teachers' actual involvement in the historic teaching design process. Student-teachers were presented and familiarized…

Spiliotopoulou-Papantoniou, Vasiliki; Agelopoulos, Konstantinos

2009-01-01

310

Information Literacy Follow-Through: Enhancing Preservice Teachers’ Information Evaluation Skills Through Formative Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation into preservice teachers’ information evaluation skills at a large university suggests that formative assessment can improve student achievement. Preservice teachers were asked to apply information evaluation skills in the areas of currency, relevancy, authority, accuracy, and purpose. The study used quantitative methods to assess preservice teachers’ evaluation skills as demonstrated within the context of a final project, or

Sara Robertson Seely; Sara Winstead Fry; Margie Ruppel

2011-01-01

311

Iranian and U.S. Pre-Service Teachers' Philosophical Approaches to Teaching: Enhancing Intercultural Understandings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated philosophical approaches to teaching held by pre-service teachers in Iran and the US. The study's participants were 30 pre-service teachers from Iran, a predominantly Muslim country, and 30 American pre-service teachers. Data were collected using the 105-item Philosophy of Education Scale (POES, Author A, 2003) composed of…

Pryor, Caroline R.; Eslami-Rasekh, Zohreh

2004-01-01

312

Using Virtual Technology to Enhance Field Experiences for Pre-Service Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher educators of pre-service teachers of students with special needs face challenges in providing the unique knowledge and skills required of highly qualified special education teachers. The emerging use of various forms of virtual technology, however, offers realistic solutions to these problems. This systematic review of literature examines…

Billingsley, Glenna M.; Scheuermann, Brenda K.

2014-01-01

313

Initiating Opportunities to Enhance Preservice Teachers' Pedagogical Knowledge: Perceptions about Mentoring At-Risk Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing preservice teachers in urban settings with authentic educational experiences may be an effective approach in preparing them to teach diverse students. Therefore, this investigation examined preservice teachers' perceptions of mentoring at-risk high school students. Data analysis reflected preservice teachers' positive experiences and…

Garza, Ruben

2012-01-01

314

Pre-Service Teachers Use E-learning Technologies to Enhance Their Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was twofold. The primary purpose was to improve pre-service teacher education by using technology to help pre-service teachers bridge the gap between academic preparation and practice. The secondary, but still important, objective was to familiarize pre-service teachers in the use of technology to support their future…

Smith, Judith J.; Greene, H. Carol

2013-01-01

315

Alfacalcidol enhances collagen quality in ovariectomized rat bones  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of alfacalcidol (1?(OH)D3: ALF) on bone collagen employing an ovariectomized rat model. Thirty-five 16-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: SHAM (sham-operated?+?vehicle), OVX (ovariectomy?+?vehicle), and three ALF-treated groups, that is, ovariectomy?+?0.022?µg/kg/day ALF, ovariectomy?+?0.067?µg/kg/day ALF, and ovariectomy?+?0.2?µg/kg/day ALF. After 12 weeks of treatment, tibiae were subjected to histological, biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses. Collagen matrices in OVX bone appeared as immature and poorly organized; however, with the ALF treatment, it was improved in a dose-dependent manner. Contents of collagen and pyridinoline cross-link were decreased in OVX compared with SHAM, but they increased to the level comparable to SHAM in ALF-treated groups. The total aldehyde, that is, a sum of free and those involved cross-links, in the highest dose of ALF was significantly higher than the rest of the groups (p?enhances the maturation of collagen in ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic bones, which likely contributes to the improvement of bone quality. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 32:1030–1036, 2014. PMID:24809324

Nagaoka, Hideaki; Terajima, Masahiko; Yamada, Shizuka; Azuma, Yoshiaki; Chida, Takayuki; Yamauchi, Mitsuo

2014-01-01

316

Status of Improving Teacher Quality State Grants--Title II, Part A, No Child Left Behind. Commission Report 04-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This item provides an overview of projects in California's current portfolio of K-12 teacher professional development activities funded under the federal Dwight D. Eisenhower Professional State Grant and the Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) State Grant Programs. Under the two federal initiatives, since 1986 the Commission has received approximately…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2004

2004-01-01

317

The Influences of LuxX in "Escherichia Coli" Biofilm Formation and Improving Teacher Quality through the Bio-Bus Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this work are: (1) to agarose-stabilize fragile biofilms for quantitative structure analysis; (2) to understand the influences of LuxS on biofilm formation; (3) to improve teacher quality by preparing Georgia's middle school science teachers to integrate inquiry-based, hands-on research modules in the classroom. Quantitative…

Robbins, Chandan Morris

2012-01-01

318

Children with Communication Impairments: Caregivers' and Teachers' Shared Book-Reading Quality and Children's Level of Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed two aims: First, to examine the quality of adult shared book-reading behaviors for teachers and caregivers of children with communication impairments (CI) and, second, to compare the level of child literacy engagement during the teacher-led (group) and caregiver-led (one-on-one) shared book-reading sessions. Sixteen children…

Kaderavek, Joan N.; Pentimonti, Jill M.; Justice, Laura M.

2014-01-01

319

What Does "Highly Qualified" Mean for Student Achievement? Evaluating the Relationships between Teacher Quality Indicators and At-Risk Students' Mathematics and Reading Achievement Gains in First Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers and researchers continue to search for ways to improve K-12 education, which has led to an increased focus on teacher quality as an impetus for educational improvement. As such, current legislation under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) calls for highly qualified teachers in every classroom. But are the characteristics associated with…

Phillips, Kristie J. R.

2010-01-01

320

Unpacking the Black Box of the Chicago School Readiness Project Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-Child Relationship Quality and Self-Regulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms that include the quality of teacher-child relationships and children's self-regulation. The CSRP is a multicomponent teacher and classroom-focused intervention, and its…

Jones, Stephanie M.; Bub, Kristen L.; Raver, C. Cybele

2013-01-01

321

Closing the Gap Between Attitudes and Perceptions About ICT-Enhanced Learning Among Pre-service STEM Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this study was to examine pre-service STEM teachers' attitudes and perceptions about the effectiveness of various learning methods and, in specific, the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) as means for enhancing progressive education. The study was conducted among two cohorts of pre-service STEM teachers (N = 103) in the years 2006 and 2012. The mixed method approach was used to compile data from two research tools: an attitudes questionnaire and reflective drawings. The findings of the first cohort indicated a conflict between the participants' declared attitudes and their perceptions, suggesting a gap between their inclination to coincide with educational trends, and their actual views about the use of ICTs in the classrooms. The first cohort's drawings illustrated ICTs as distractive technologies, ineffective tools for teaching and learning, impairing teachers' authority, and distancing teachers and students from each other. Findings of the second cohort indicated that the gap between attitudes and perceptions was narrowed in such a way that preservice STEM teachers did not see ICTs as threatening, but they perceived them as instrumental for leveraging progressive education.

Barak, Miri

2013-03-01

322

Teacher Training for Political Science PhD Students in Europe Determinants of a Tool for Enhanced Teaching in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine the state of teacher training for political science PhD candidates in the European Union and make a comparison with the situation in the United States. We investigate the determinants of supply and demand of teacher training. On the supply side, we suggest that research orientation and quality assurance are factors that…

Pleschova, Gabriela; Simon, Eszter

2009-01-01

323

The Empty Nest Syndrome: Ways to Enhance Quality of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empty nest syndrome occurs as a result of urbanization and loosened relationships among family members. It may threaten the life quality of older adults and stability of society as a whole. This survey was designed to investigate the situation and factors that influence the life quality of a sample of older adults in a western state. Thirty-five…

Chen, Dianbing; Yang, Xinxiao; Aagard, Steve Dale

2012-01-01

324

Enhancing the quality of online higher education through measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of online higher education is often subject to scepticism and criticism. Is the quality of teaching and learning in the virtual classroom the same as in the conventional classroom? That is the question often raised by the stakeholders of universities. The present literature review has found that there has been a great deal of research about technology implementation

Fang Zhao

2003-01-01

325

Promoting Transformative Learning of Preservice Teachers through Contemplative Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preservice teacher is an important role to fulfill quality of education in the future. They have to be initially grown transformative learning for helping students to aware knowing and nature of knowledge. This paper explores an application of contemplative practices, which enhance transformative learning of preservice teachers. Forty four…

Nuangchalerm, Prasart; Prachagool, Veena

2010-01-01

326

Teacher Quality as a Predictor of Student Achievement in Urban Schools: A National Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that an increasing demand for teacher accountability and student achievement is at the forefront with the mandate of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001. These challenges will be crucial in urban and rural schools where the need for classroom teachers in critical teaching areas such as bilingual education, special…

Salinas, Roselia A.; Kritsonis, William Allan; Herrington, David

2006-01-01

327

The Link between Teacher Quality and Student Outcomes: A Research Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal law emphasizes the need for states and districts to ensure that "all" students--particularly at-risk students, minority students, and students in high-poverty areas--have access to highly qualified, experienced teachers. But is it sufficient for a teacher to have "paper" qualifications and teaching experience? After all, appropriate…

Goe, Laura

2007-01-01

328

The Pursuit of Quality over Quantity in TESOL Teacher Education: Coursework versus Test Only  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether licensed in-service teachers of English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) in K-12 schools are more knowledgeable in the area of applied linguistics than their nonlicensed counterparts, and whether the ESOL-licensed teachers who have taken courses toward their licensure are more knowledgeable in…

Sehlaoui, Abdelilah Salim; Shinge, Manjula

2013-01-01

329

The Rural Practicum: Preparing a Quality Teacher Workforce for Rural and Regional Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communities play a critical role in supporting pre-service teachers during rural and regional professional experience. This support, coupled with access to teacher educators and university resources, appears to positively influence graduate attitudes toward taking up a rural appointment. These are among the key findings to emerge from open-ended…

Kline, Jodie; White, Simone; Lock, Graeme

2013-01-01

330

Application of Principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) in Teacher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The indomitable spirit of higher education paves the way for the growth of a nation in the political, economic, social, intellectual and spiritual dimensions. Teacher education is one of the areas in higher education which trains student-teachers in pedagogy, which in turn helps them to train the young minds of educational institutions. The "Fate…

Manivannan, M.; Premila, K. S.

2009-01-01

331

2006 Revision to the Utah Plan to Ensure High Quality Teachers for All Utah Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a letter dated June 1, 2006, Utah informed the U.S. Department of Education (ED) of its intention to carefully and thoughtfully revise its Highly Qualified Teacher (HQT) plan with the aim of achieving the goal set in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of having all teachers meet highly qualified (HQ) requirements by the end of the 2006-2007…

Utah State Office of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

332

An Overview of Legal Issues in Teacher Quality. ECS Working Papers, Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As popular support grows for improving education, the states are considering many different ways to attract better teachers into teaching and keep good teachers in the schools. Proposed reforms are being widely discussed, in national reports, state legislatures, and many other forums across the nation. Less widely discussed but also important are…

Citron, Christiane H.

333

Raising the Quality of Vocational Teachers: Continuing Professional Development in England, Wales and Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The view that vocational education and training is central to economic prosperity and social well-being is one that is widely held by policy-makers in many countries. Delivering this agenda requires skilled and professional teachers. Ensuring that vocational teachers are able to maintain and develop both their "craft" skills and pedagogy, through…

Lloyd, Caroline; Payne, Jonathan

2012-01-01

334

Necessary and Insufficient: Resisting a Full Measure of Teacher Quality. NCTQ Reports, Spring 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For all the conflict generated by various K-12 education reform efforts, there is one principle everyone agrees on: teachers need to know the subject matter they teach. This principle makes sense to parents, educators, and policy makers alike. On the importance of a teacher's knowledge the views range from those who believe subject knowledge to be…

Tracy, Christopher O.; Walsh, Kate

2004-01-01

335

75 FR 5040 - Extension of Period for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Patent and Trademark Office [Docket No.: PTO-P-2010-0004...Period for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce. ACTION:...

2010-02-01

336

Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Southwest Region  

E-print Network

performance, smart growth, transportation management and national defense preparedness, uncertainty in landTransportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life enter Southwest Region University Transportation Center Southwest Region University Transportation Center #12;Credits Editor

337

An Organizational and Task Perspective Model Aimed at Enhancing Teachers' Professional Development and Occupational Expertise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, many countries, including the Netherlands, are "plagued" by severe, both quantitative and qualitative, teacher shortages that are even expected to increase in the years to come. Teachers' occupational development, therefore, has become an important issue on the research agenda of the respective countries. It is essential to develop more…

Evers, Arnoud T.; Kreijns, Karel; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.; Gerrichhauzen, John T. G.

2011-01-01

338

Teacher Characteristics and Teaching Styles as Effectiveness Enhancing Factors of Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined effects of teacher characteristics (gender, teacher education and certification, class management skills and job satisfaction) and teaching styles on indicators of good classroom practice in mathematics classes in secondary education by means of multilevel analysis. The study reveals that the presence of effective classroom…

Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Van Damme, Jan

2006-01-01

339

Enhancing Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge of Students' Thinking from Assessing and Analyzing Misconceptions in Homework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on teacher learning of student thinking through grading homework, assessing and analyzing misconceptions. The data were collected from 10 teachers at fifth-eighth grade levels in the USA. The results show that assessing and analyzing misconceptions from grading homework is an important approach to acquiring knowledge of…

An, Shuhua; Wu, Zhonghe

2012-01-01

340

A Service-Learning Immersion in a Remote Aboriginal Community: Enhancing Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a service-learning immersion undertaken by pre-service primary teachers in a remote indigenous community and school in Western Australia. The article initially presents the purpose and significance for the immersion in the light of the Australian National Professional Standards for Teachers. The article subsequently outlines…

Lavery, Shane; Cain, Glenda; Hampton, Patrick

2014-01-01

341

Enhancing Teachers' Use of Technology through Professional Development on Electronic Concept Mapping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a workshop on electronic concept mapping with a group (n=18) of science teachers in a Health Sciences and Technology Academy (HSTA). Suggests using this software for the academic enrichment of underserved students, regular classroom instruction, and inservice training for colleagues. Concludes that HSTA teachers embrace electronic…

Rye, James A.

2001-01-01

342

Enhancing Prospective Teachers' Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs through Scaffolded, Student-Directed Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of a recently revised science course that engaged preservice teachers in a scaffolded, student-directed inquiry unit on local streams. Upon the completion of the inquiry project, the teacher candidates in the stream study classes demonstrated significantly greater improvement in the personal science teaching efficacy…

Liang, Ling L.; Richardson, Greer M.

2009-01-01

343

Enhancing the Science Literacy of Preservice Teachers through the Use of Reflective Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the impact that reflective journals used in an introductory college science course had on preservice teachers' science literacy. Fourteen preservice teachers enrolled in an introductory physical science course taught using a variety of constructivist instructional methods (hands-on activities, cooperative group work,…

Gibson, Helen L.; Bernhard, James; Kropf, Aaron; Ramirez, Mary Anne; Van Strat, Georgena A.

344

Information Literacy Follow-Through: Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Information Evaluation Skills through Formative Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation into preservice teachers' information evaluation skills at a large university suggests that formative assessment can improve student achievement. Preservice teachers were asked to apply information evaluation skills in the areas of currency, relevancy, authority, accuracy, and purpose. The study used quantitative methods to assess…

Seely, Sara Robertson; Fry, Sara Winstead; Ruppel, Margie

2011-01-01

345

Towards a New Professionalism: Enhancing Personal and Professional Development in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The diversity and complexity of the post-modern era places new and important challenges on teacher education. The crucial role that personal dispositions have for professional learning needs to be better understood and acknowledged. Teacher training programmes need to focus more on objectives such as promoting conflict literacy, self-awareness,…

Malm, Birgitte

2009-01-01

346

Examining Mentors' Practices for Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Pedagogical Development in Mathematics and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mentoring is too important to be left to chance (Ganser, 1996), yet mentoring expertise of teachers varies widely, which may present inequities for developing preservice teachers' practices. Five factors for mentoring have been identified herein: personal attributes, system requirements, pedagogical knowledge, modelling, and feedback, and items…

Hudson, Peter

2007-01-01

347

CITIZENS WATER QUALITY MONITORING & MARINE HABITAT ENHANCEMENT PROJECT  

EPA Science Inventory

Plant 9,000 marsh grass plants along Bayou Lafourches banks, the regions hurricane protection levees, and the marshlands surrounding Bayou Lafourche, thereby enhancing coastal areas and marine habitat. These plantings will be designed to simultaneously raise community awareness ...

348

How Can Quality Improvement Enhance the Lives of Children with Disabilities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much attention has aided measurement and improvement in the quality of health care during the past two decades, with new ways to define and measure quality, recognition that doing so can identify strategies to enhance care, and systematic efforts by both government and private insurers to apply these principles. In this article, James Perrin…

Perrin, James M.

2012-01-01

349

Small Steps Lead to Quality Assurance and Enhancement in Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a brief overview of Qatar University's history since it was started in 1973. Its primary focus is on the various small, but important, steps taken by the University to address the needs of quality assurance and enhancement. The Qatar University Reform Plan is described in detail. Its aims are to continually improve the quality

Al Attiyah, Asma; Khalifa, Batoul

2009-01-01

350

Are Boys Better Off with Male and Girls with Female Teachers? A Multilevel Investigation of Measurement Invariance and Gender Match in Teacher-Student Relationship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research consistently points to poorer teacher-student relationships for boys than girls, there are no studies that take into account the effects of teacher gender and control for possible measurement non-invariance across student and teacher gender. This study addressed both issues. The sample included 649 primary school teachers (182…

Spilt, Jantine L.; Koomen, Helma M. Y.; Jak, Suzanne

2012-01-01

351

Adaptive EAGLE dynamic solution adaptation and grid quality enhancement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the effort described here, the elliptic grid generation procedure in the EAGLE grid code was separated from the main code into a subroutine, and a new subroutine which evaluates several grid quality measures at each grid point was added. The elliptic grid routine can now be called, either by a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code to generate a new adaptive grid based on flow variables and quality measures through multiple adaptation, or by the EAGLE main code to generate a grid based on quality measure variables through static adaptation. Arrays of flow variables can be read into the EAGLE grid code for use in static adaptation as well. These major changes in the EAGLE adaptive grid system make it easier to convert any CFD code that operates on a block-structured grid (or single-block grid) into a multiple adaptive code.

Luong, Phu Vinh; Thompson, J. F.; Gatlin, B.; Mastin, C. W.; Kim, H. J.

1992-01-01

352

Highlights of contractor initiatives in quality enhancement and productivity improvement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA/Contractor Team efforts are presented as part of NASA's continuing effort to facilitate the sharing of quality and productivity improvement ideas among its contractors. This complilation is not meant to be a comprehensive review of contractor initiative nor does it necessarily express NASA's views. The submissions represent samples from a general survey, and were not edited by NASA. The efforts are examples of quality and productivity programs in private industry, and as such, highlight company efforts in individual areas. Topics range from modernization of equipment, hardware, and technology to management of human resources. Of particular interest are contractor initiatives which deal with measurement and evaluation data pertaining to quality and productivity performance.

1986-01-01

353

Data Quality Studies of Enhanced Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors  

E-print Network

Data quality assessment plays an essential role in the quest to detect gravitational wave signals in data from the LIGO and Virgo interferometric gravitational wave detectors. Interferometer data contains a high rate of noise transients from the environment, the detector hardware, and the detector control systems. These transients severely limit the statistical significance of gravitational wave candidates of short duration and/or poorly modeled waveforms. This paper describes the data quality studies that have been performed in recent LIGO and Virgo observing runs to mitigate the impact of transient detector artifacts on the gravitational wave searches.

Jessica McIver; for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; for the Virgo Collaboration

2012-04-11

354

Enhancing the Impact of Quality Points in Interteaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interteaching is a classroom instruction approach based on behavioral principles that offers increased flexibility to instructors. There are several components of interteaching that may contribute to its demonstrated efficacy. In a prior analysis of one of these components, the quality points contingency, no significant difference was reported in…

Rosales, Rocío; Soldner, James L.; Crimando, William

2014-01-01

355

Extended Music Education Enhances the Quality of School Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The claim of whether music education can create social benefits in the school environment was tested in 10 Finnish schools with an extended music curricular class and control classes. The quality of school life (QSL) was assessed by a representative sample ("N" = 735) of pupils at years 3 and 6 (9- and 12-years-olds). The results showed…

Eerola, Päivi-Sisko; Eerola, Tuomas

2014-01-01

356

THE DATABASE AN ELECTRONIC ENHANCEMENT TO LABORATORY QUALITY ASSURANCE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Quality Control program of an analytical laboratory is a key component in support of a research or compliance laboratory because it provides objective evidence for certified results. The recent addition of a customized, computerized database to our analytical laboratory has improved many aspect...

357

Value-Added Modeling: Challenges for Measuring Special Education Teacher Quality  

E-print Network

used models, the Educational Value-Added Assessment System (Value-Added Assessment System (TVAAS) database: Implications for educationalvalue-added modeling of teacher effects. Journal of Educational and

Lawson, Janelle

2014-01-01

358

The Quality and Impact of Relationships between Elementary School Students and Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to begin to examine, from the expectancy-value framework, several cognitive and motivational variables believed to affect the development of the student\\/teacher relationship and, in turn, classroom success. Guided by the expectancy-value framework, three student variables are viewed as essential in guiding the success of the student\\/teacher relationship: (1) their social self-concept beliefs, (2)

Heather A. Davis

2001-01-01

359

[Michigan Technological University Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program]. [Includes a copy of the Student Guide  

SciTech Connect

The Michigan Technological University Teacher Education Program received funding from the US Department of Energy for the purpose of providing capable and suitably inclined, MTU Engineering and Science students a chance to explore high school level science and mathematics teaching as a career option. Ten undergraduate students were selected from nominations and were paired with mentor teachers for the study. This report covers the experience of the first ten nominees and their participation in the program.

Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.L.

1993-04-27

360

[Michigan Technological University Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program]. Progress performance report  

SciTech Connect

The Michigan Technological University Teacher Education Program received funding from the US Department of Energy for the purpose of providing capable and suitably inclined, MTU Engineering and Science students a chance to explore high school level science and mathematics teaching as a career option. Ten undergraduate students were selected from nominations and were paired with mentor teachers for the study. This report covers the experience of the first ten nominees and their participation in the program.

Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.L.

1993-04-27

361

The Effect of the Use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative Training in the Pilot Districts on the Sustained Use of Quality Tools by Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1990s, teachers in five pilot districts in Ohio were trained during the Baldrige in Education Initiative (BiE IN). Training included Baldrige's theory, quality process and quality tools. The study was a follow-up to determine the effect of the use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative training in the pilot districts (and other early…

Schmidbauer, Hollace J.

2010-01-01

362

Teaching in the New Millennium: How We Can Prepare Today's Teachers for Tomorrow's Schools. Hearing on Examining Innovative Teacher Training Methods and to Provide Information as to How Teachers can Receive Quality Professional Development. Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate. One Hundred Fifth Congress. Second Session (Columbus, OH, June 15, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Senate committee met to discuss the appropriate preparation of teachers for schools of the future. Senator James M. Jeffords from Vermont presented an opening statement and discussed the need for high quality, competent teachers. Senator DeWine's opening statement discussed how education has changed over the years and what it still needs to…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

363

Teacher Workspaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Well-designed and -equipped teacher workspaces provide the opportunity to improve student achievement at every step of their K-12 education. Shared workspace enhances communication among teachers as they evaluate student performance individually and collectively, and share insights with one another. This paper addresses the key elements found in…

Gordon, Douglas

2010-01-01

364

Enhancing Diversity In The Geosciences; Intensive Field Experience In USA And Mexico For Middle And High School Teachers Serving Large Hispanic Populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

To encourage Hispanic participation and enrolment in the geosciences and ultimately enhance diversity within the discipline, we recruited ten middle and high school science teachers serving large Hispanic populations (60-97%) for a paid three-week field experience supported by an NSF Opportunities for Enhancing Diversity in the Geosciences grant. In 2006, the field experiences focused on volcanic events and the water

R. M. Leal-Bautista; K. B. Kitts; G. Velazquez Oliman; E. C. Perry

2008-01-01

365

Potential impact of superconductivity on power quality enhancment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electric power quality problems are estimated to cost U.S. industry 26 billion dollars per year in lost production. This paper provides a summary of the problem's magnitude, an overview of the underlying causes, discusses the present methods used by industry to reduce the problem's impact and the associated cost, and examines the potential for superconducting technology to effect alternative solutions. The present market for uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) and power conditioners is also discussed and the benefits of applying high temperature superconductors (HTS) are summarized.

McConnell, B. W.

1992-02-01

366

Teacher's Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lesson plans and exercises for teachers to use this site and the CD-ROM ?Atomic Archive: Enhanced Edition? in their classrooms. The exercises cover the following subjects: Arms Control, Atomic Physics, Delivery Systems, Fission, Fusion, History and Weapon Effects.

Christopher Griffith

367

Using quality improvement methodologies to enhance cross departmental collaboration and quality cost reduction  

E-print Network

The research and project implementations described in this study took place during a seven-month period in 2004 at a distribution transformer factory in Germany. The purpose of this research is to show how quality management ...

Kilburn-Peterson, Christopher

2005-01-01

368

Brady Power Plant steam quality and purity enhancement  

SciTech Connect

Brine carry-over from the high pressure and low pressure separators was causing heavy scale build-up on the turbine nozzles and components. This resulted in higher maintenance, reduced power generation and contributed to premature failures of a turbine rotor. Several options to mitigate the impurity laden steam problem, including conventional and experimental methods, were investigated. ESI, seeking cost-effective technology to improve the bottom line, chose a promising but unconventional low-cost, fast track alternative to revamp the facility. This commitment resulted in up to a 25 fold improvement in steam quality and purity; and was engineered and installed in one half (50%) the time, for one third (33%) the cost of a conventional geothermal design.

Hoffman, A. [ESI Energy, West Palm Beach, FL (United States); Jung, D. [Two-Phase Engineering & Research, Inc., Santa Rosa, CA (United States)

1997-12-31

369

Using partnerships with scientists to enhance teacher capacity to address the NGSS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasingly, scientists are seeking outreach experts to assist with the education and outreach components of their research grants. These experts have the skills and expertise to assist with translating scientific research into lessons and activities that are aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) as well as state standards, are STEM-focused and that address the realities of the K-12 science classroom. Since 2007, the Institute for the Environment (IE) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has been conducting teacher professional development and high school student science enrichment programs to promote climate literacy. Partnering with scientists to deepen content knowledge and promote engagement with technology and real data has been a successful strategy for cultivating increased climate literacy among teachers and students. In this session, we will share strategies for effectively engaging scientists in K-12 educational activities by providing specific examples of the various ways in which scientists can be integrated into programming and their research translated into relevant classroom activities. Engaging scientists and translating their research into classroom activities is an approach that becomes even more relevant with the advent of the NGSS. The NGSS's Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCIs) that encompass climate literacy can be addressed by partnering with scientists to provide teachers with current content knowledge and technological tools needed to promote integration of relevant science and engineering practices and cross-cutting themes. Here we highlight a successful partnership in which IE science educators collaborated with with a faculty member to develop a lesson for North Carolina teachers introducing them to new research on satellite remote sensing of the water cycle, while also promoting student engagement with local data. The resulting lesson was featured during a two-day, IE-led teacher workshop for 21 North Carolina high school teachers in July 2013 titled, 'Observing regional and global water resources: Using remote sensing and field data to better understand the hydrologic cycle.'

Pavelsky, T.; Haine, D. B.; Drostin, M.

2013-12-01

370

Essays on Teacher Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The allocation of quality teachers across schools is of interest because of both the importance and costliness of teachers as inputs in the education production process. Furthermore, because teachers have preferences over their workplace characteristics, this allocation across schools is nonrandom. This research examines teacher mobility within…

Cook, Jeremy A.

2012-01-01

371

Implementing Teacher Work Sampling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how the teacher work sample methodology of the Renaissance Partnership for Improving Teacher Quality was implemented within the teacher education program at a small liberal arts college. Resulting program improvements are described, as well as on-going challenges. The adapted teacher work sample prompt and scoring rubric are…

Kinne, Lenore J.; Watson, Dwight C.

2005-01-01

372

ANDRILL: INVOLVING TEACHERS IN FIELD RESEARCH ENHANCES THE TRANSFER OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE TO CLASSROOMS AND TO OTHER EDUCATORS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For most educators, the end of a field research experience is truly the beginning. From the knowledge gained and the excitement of living and working in a harsh environment like Antarctica, ARISE (ANDRILL Research Immersion for Science Educators) participants create enhanced learning experiences and resources for their students and for the professional development of other teachers. ANDRILL (Antarctic geological DRILLing) is an multi-national and interdisciplinary research project involving Italy, Germany , New Zealand, and USA. The core concept of its Education and Public Outreach Program is to embed educators as integral members on the science research teams, allowing them to participate in every phase of the mission. Their primary goal is to develop effective and innovative educational approaches for the communication of the scientific and technical aspects of the drilling program. ANDRILL has developed an exemplary teacher research experience model that differs from most by supporting a collaborative team of international educators rather than just one teacher. During the first two years of drilling projects, 2006 and 2007, ANDRILL took 16 educators from 4 countries to Antarctica. From those experiences, a growing collaborative network of polar science educators is nurtured, many valuable resources and examples of professional development have been created, and lessons have been learned and evaluated for future teacher research immersion experiences. An Italian ARISE participant and ANDRILL’s Education and Outreach Coordinator will present how ARISE has been at the core of developing transformational programs and resources in both countries including: [1] Flexhibit, a digital series of climate change materials designed for informal and formal learning environments that have been translated into Italian, German, French, Arabic, Spanish, and New Zealand English, (2) C2S2: Climate Change Student Summits, which provide professional development and resources for teachers and a video summit to bring together students from different latitudes, [3] an Italian network of institutions led by the National Museum of Antarctica, whose focus is the development of a more effective and inspired approach to climate education, [4] progettosmilla.it, an online project involving over 2000 students across Italy, and [5] ICLEEN, an Italian website that will provide translated science education materials for teachers in Italy. Together, the cadre of ARISE participants and the activities they have developed, have raised the profile of ANDRILL’s research activities in multiple areas and have provided much needed information on climate change to a variety of age groups and cultures in a diverse range of learning environments.

Cattadori, M.; Huffman, L. T.; Trummel, B.

2009-12-01

373

To be published: Proceedings of Groupe International de Recherche sur l'Enseignement de la Physique (GIREP) Seminar, "Quality Development In Teacher Education And Training," in Udine, Italy, 2003  

E-print Network

(GIREP) Seminar, "Quality Development In Teacher Education And Training," in Udine, Italy, 2003 that is sufficiently high to meet the demand. Further, a fully trained high school physics teacher is also a well CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS FOR FUTURE TEACHERS WITH LIMITED MATHEMATICS SKILLS N. Sanjay Rebello & Dean A. Zollman

Zollman, Dean

374

To be published: Proceedings of Groupe International de Recherche sur l'Enseignement de la Physique (GIREP) Seminar, "Quality Development In Teacher Education And Training," in Udine, Italy, 2003  

E-print Network

(GIREP) Seminar, "Quality Development In Teacher Education And Training," in Udine, Italy, 2003 LARGE ENROLLMENT PHYSICS CLASS FOR FUTURE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS Dean Zollman, Kansas State University, USA ABSTRACT School teachers at all levels require some knowledge of physics. A particularly large challenge

Zollman, Dean

375

The Contribution of Constructivist Instruction Accompanied by Concept Mapping in Enhancing Pre-service Chemistry Teachers' Conceptual Understanding of Chemistry in the Laboratory Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study aimed to evaluate whether a chemistry laboratory course called "Laboratory Experiments in Science Education" based on constructivist instruction accompanied with concept mapping enhanced pre-service chemistry teachers' conceptual understanding. Data were collected from five pre-service chemistry teachers at a university in Ankara by means of a concept test and semi-structured interviews. Results showed that pre-service teachers had some alternative conceptions about chemistry topics. Moreover, using constructivist instruction accompanied with concept maps as an instructional tool was effective to promote conceptual understanding. Participants thought that concept maps were useful especially in recognizing the relation between different chemistry concepts.

Aydin, Sevgi; Aydemir, Nurdane; Boz, Yezdan; Cetin-Dindar, Ayla; Bektas, Oktay

2009-12-01

376

Teacher and School Leader Quality and Sustainability. Resource Sheet No. 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools need sustainable reform to meet the challenges of rapid and constant change and higher community expectations. Sustainable school reform is best achieved when teachers and school leaders: (1) understand what is happening in the broader community and the implications this has for schools (being contextually literate); (2) run their schools…

Mulford, Bill

2011-01-01

377

Supporting Teachers and Technicians in the Delivery of High-Quality, Effective Practical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science is at heart a practical subject, but the perception of what makes good teaching and learning through practical science is often misunderstood. Through working with teachers on professional development courses at the UK's National Science Learning Centre, and drawing on work carried out by other organisations, we present some thoughts…

Langley, Mark

2014-01-01

378

What Is the Relationship between Teacher Quality and Student Achievement? An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of the study was to examine what constitutes effective teaching as defined by measured increases in student learning with a focus on the instructional behaviors and practices. Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses and hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) were used to identify teacher effectiveness levels while…

Stronge, James H.; Ward, Thomas J.; Tucker, Pamela D.; Hindman, Jennifer L.

2007-01-01

379

Therapeutic Massage Impacts Quality of Life for University Female Faculty in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stress is a part of everyone's life. Depending on the level of stress, it may affect people's health and lives. Stress in the workplace may come from many different sources, however for the purpose of this study, the focus was on female faculty working in a Teacher Education program at a small north central, North Dakota university. Stress is…

Sandstrom, Clarine

2009-01-01

380

Teacher Value Added as a Measure of Program Quality: Interpret with Caution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many states now possess the data and statistical methods that can produce teacher value-added scores and link them to preparation programs. It is important to understand the limitations of these measures and the inferences that they do and do not support. These limitations fall into three categories. First, value-added measures (VAM) provide…

Floden, Robert E.

2012-01-01

381

Determining the information literacy skills of teacher candidates for the sustainability of quality in education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to determine information literacy skills of teacher candidates. For collecting data “Information Literacy Survey” which was developped by Aldemir (2004) was used. In the analysis of the data, ANOVA test and t-test was used. At the end of the study results were discussed and the alternative ways were suggested.

Ömür Sadio?lu; Nigar ?pek; Meral Taner Derman

2009-01-01

382

Developing Effective Special Education Reading Teachers: The Influence of Professional Development, Context, and Individual Qualities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of contextual and individual factors on the implementation of professional development (PD) content in the area of word study and fluency by three upper-elementary special education teachers. The PD effort included an initial PD institute, monthly cohort meetings, an online community forum, coaching, and…

Dingle, Mary P.; Brownell, Mary T.; Leko, Melinda M.; Boardman, Alison Gould; Haager, Diane

2011-01-01

383

CCC for AAA: Tapping Creativity, Collaboration & Cooperation for Quality in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information and Communication Technology in education is changing the way we teach, learn and conduct research. Today we have WIRE, WEB and WINDOWS leading to CONNECTIVITY, NETWORKING and APPLICATIONS. Not surprisingly the National Council of Teacher Education, (NCTE) India, decided to make ICT Literacy a compulsory part of the Pre-service course…

Praveen, C.

2006-01-01

384

Troops to Teachers as School Administrators: A National Study of Principal Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States has a scarcity of capable principals ready to successfully lead schools in an era of outcome-based accountability. This is especially true in high-poverty, high-minority schools. Policy makers welcome opening the principal pipeline to untraditional leaders. Research finds that teachers who have entered education through Troops to…

Owings, William A.; Kaplan, Leslie S.; Chappell, Shanan

2011-01-01

385

Improving Classroom Quality: Teacher Influences and Experimental Impacts of the 4Rs Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study capitalizes on recent advances in the reliable and valid measurement of classroom-level social processes known to influence children's social-emotional and academic development and addresses a number of limitations in our current understanding of teacher- and intervention-related impacts on elementary school classroom processes. A…

Brown, Joshua L.; Jones, Stephanie M.; LaRusso, Maria D.; Aber, J. Lawrence

2010-01-01

386

Changing Labor Market Opportunities for Women and the Quality of Teachers 1957-1992  

Microsoft Academic Search

School officials and policy makers have grown increasingly concerned about their ability to attract and retain talented teachers. A number of authors have shown that in recent years the brightest students at least those with the highest verbal and math scores on standardized tests are less likely to enter teaching. In addition, it is frequently claimed that the ability of

Sean P. Corcoran; William N. Evans; Robert S. Schwab

2002-01-01

387

A teacher-focused approach to prevent and reduce students' aggressive behavior: the GREAT Teacher Program.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to describe the GREAT (Guiding Responsibility and Expectations for Adolescents for Today and Tomorrow) Teacher Program, a prevention program for middle school teachers to deter students' aggressive behavior. It was developed on the basis of an ecologic understanding of aggression and on specific constructs of Social Cognitive Theory. The goals of the program were (1) to increase teacher awareness of different types of aggression, risk factors, role of the classroom teacher, and influence of the school climate on the child's behavior; (2) to develop strategies that will prevent aggression; (3) to improve teacher management skills to reduce power struggles and aggression; and (4) to enhance skills to assist students who are the targets of aggression. To accomplish these goals, teachers participated in a 12-hour workshop and 10 support group sessions. Training, manuals, and supervision were provided to maintain program integrity and to assure the quality of implementation. PMID:14732185

Orpinas, Pamela; Horne, Arthur M

2004-01-01

388

Overview of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA)'s Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) is an innovative integration of health services research, policy, and clinical care delivery designed to improve the quality, outcomes, and efficiency of VHA health care through the identification and implementation of evidence-based practices in routine care settings. A total of eight condition-specific QUERI centers are currently in operation, each

Lynn McQueen; Brian S Mittman; John G Demakis

2004-01-01

389

Statistical Processes Under Change: Enhancing Data Quality with Pretests  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Statistical offices in Europe, in particular the Federal Statistical Office in Germany, are meeting users’ ever more demanding requirements with innovative and appropriate responses, such as the multiple sources mixed-mode design model. This combines various objectives: reducing survey costs and the burden on interviewees, and maximising data quality. The same improvements are also being sought by way of the systematic use of pretests to optimise survey documents. This paper provides a first impression of the many procedures available. An ideal pretest combines both quantitative and qualitative test methods. Quantitative test procedures can be used to determine how often particular input errors arise. The questionnaire is tested in the field in the corresponding survey mode. Qualitative test procedures can find the reasons for input errors. Potential interviewees are included in the questionnaire tests, and their feedback on the survey documentation is systematically analysed and used to upgrade the questionnaire. This was illustrated in our paper by an example from business statistics (“Umstellung auf die Wirtschaftszweigklassifikation 2008” - Change-over to the 2008 economic sector classification). This pretest not only gave important clues about how to improve the contents, but also helped to realistically estimate the organisational cost of the main survey.

Radermacher, Walter; Sattelberger, Sabine

390

New Opportunities for Principal Leadership: Shaping School Climates for Enhanced Teacher Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Improved professional development for teachers and principals is central to our national educational agenda. Principals struggle with the challenge of how to build school climates that improve practice in an era of heightened accountability and increasingly complex adaptive challenges. Purpose/Objective/Research Questions/Focus…

Drago-Severson, Eleanor

2012-01-01

391

A Study of Teachers' Perspectives About Using Multimodal Representations of Concepts to Enhance Science Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on initial findings of a study that aims to devise, trial, and evaluate teaching and learning strategies to improve students’ learning of science in the middle years in schools in regional Australia through a focus on multiple and multimodal representations of science concepts. Initially, 20 teachers were surveyed about their planning and usage of different representational modes.

Vaughan Prain; Bruce Waldrip

2008-01-01

392

Compulsory Higher Education Teacher Training: Joined?up policies, institutional architectures and enhancement cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of countries, including Sweden and the UK, are considering the introduction of compulsory teacher training for higher education (HE) lecturers. This paper assesses whether such a policy is likely to achieve its aims, and the issues that may arise as the policy is implemented. The paper draws on experience with this policy in Norway, empirical research from relevant

Paul Trowler; Roni Bamber

2005-01-01

393

Enhancing Teaching and Learning: The Role of Research in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 1980s, process-product research to determine effective teaching practices was replacing efforts to "teacher-proof" the curriculum. Now 30 years later, although both these efforts did not lead to hoped-for changes, scientifically based research and data-driven instruction dominate the improvement discourse. Given the current context,…

Zumwalt, Karen

2011-01-01

394

Using Second Life to Enhance Classroom Management Practice in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following article discusses an educational simulation created within Second Life (SL) in order to assist pre-service teachers (PSTs) in gaining more experience managing student behavior. The article discusses the development, implementation, and assessment of the simulation as well as student data on the feasibility of the approach in…

Mahon, Jennifer; Bryant, Bobby; Brown, Ben; Kim, Miran

2010-01-01

395

My Teacher Rides a Harley: Enhancing K-5 Literacy through Songwriting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this memoir, the author recounts early days as a struggling reader and writer and outlines the songwriting process he uses in student workshops around the country. This book includes: tools and processes to guide teachers to begin writing songs in their classrooms; a compact disk of songs students can sing along with; and classroom activities…

Dulabaum, Gary

396

The Experiences, Perceptions, and Needs of New Teachers: A Window onto District Capacity for High Quality Induction--Year Two Report for the New Teacher Alliance of the Center for Strengthening the Teaching Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Teacher Alliance is a major, multi-year initiative of Washington's Center for Strengthening the Teaching Profession (CSTP). It aims to build capacity within participating districts and ESDs (Educational Service Districts), and eventually across Washington state, to provide high quality supports that lead to effective induction of new…

Stokes, Laura; Helms, Jenifer

2008-01-01

397

75 FR 22120 - Notice of Roundtables and Request for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents and on...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Patent and Trademark Office [Docket No.: PTO-P-2010-0038...Request for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents and on United States Patent and Trademark Office Patent Quality Metrics...

2010-04-27

398

Developer, Teacher, Student and Employer Evaluations of Competence-Based Assessment Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how different stakeholders experience the quality of a nationally developed assessment framework for summative, competence-based assessment (CBA) in AVET, which aims to reflect theoretical characteristics of high quality CBAs. The quality of two summative CBAs, based on this national framework, is evaluated along an extensive,…

Gulikers, J.; Biemans, H.; Mulder, M.

2009-01-01

399

Intraoperative Ultrasound-Fluoroscopy Fusion can Enhance Prostate Brachytherapy Quality  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry system. Method and Materials: Twenty-five patients were treated for prostate cancer with Pd-103 implantation. After the execution of the treatment plan, two sets of TRUS images were collected using the longitudinal and axial transducers of a biplanar probe. Then, three fluoroscopic images were acquired at 0, -15 and +15{sup o}. The three-dimensional locations of all implanted seeds were reconstructed from fluoroscopic images. A subset of the implanted seeds was manually identified in TRUS images and used as fiducial markers to perform TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion. To improve the implant quality, additional seeds were placed if adverse isodose patterns were identified during visual inspection. If additional seeds were placed, intraoperative dosimetry was repeated. Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry was compared with final intraoperative dosimetry to validate dosimetry achieved in the implant suite. Results: An average of additional 4.0 seeds was implanted in 16 patients after initial intraoperative dose evaluation. Based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based dosimetry, the V100 improved from 86% to 93% (p = 0.005), whereas D90 increased from 94% to 109% (p = 0.011) with the guided additional seed implantation. No statistical difference was observed in V200 and V300 values. V100 and D90 values were 95 {+-} 4% and 120 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on the final intraoperative dosimetry evaluation, compared with 95 {+-} 4% and 122 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry. Conclusions: Implantation of extra seeds based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry can improve the final V100 and D90 values with minimal increase in V200 and V300 values.

Orio, Peter F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Tutar, Ismail B. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Narayanan, Sreeram [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Arthurs, Sandra [Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Cho, Paul S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Kim, Yongmin [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Merrick, Gregory [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling, WV (United States); Wallner, Kent E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA (United States)], E-mail: kent.wallner@med.va.gov

2007-09-01

400

What is the Relationship Between Teacher Quality and Student Achievement? An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major purpose of the study was to examine what constitutes effective teaching as defined by measured increases in student\\u000a learning with a focus on the instructional behaviors and practices. Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses and hierarchical\\u000a linear modeling (HLM) were used to identify teacher effectiveness levels while controlling for student-level and class\\/school-level\\u000a variables. Actual achievement of 1936 third

James H. Stronge; Thomas J. Ward; Pamela D. Tucker; Jennifer L. Hindman

2007-01-01

401

Teaching with Technology. NEA Teacher-to-Teacher Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NEA Teacher-to-Teacher Books are designed to promote team building, to enhance collegial leadership, and to give all K-12 teachers ideas and strategies for improving student learning. This book describes the personal odysseys of six teachers who have used technology to transform their teaching. Each story illustrates step-by-step how the teachers

National Education Association, Washington, DC.

402

Producing effective treatment, enhancing safety:1 medical physicists' strategies to ensure quality in radiotherapy2  

E-print Network

.1 Quality in radiotherapy : effective treatment and patient safety36 37 Every year in France, about 180 000 (CIPR, 2003).57 Patient safety in radiotherapy has become a public iss1 Producing effective treatment, enhancing safety:1 medical physicists' strategies to ensure

Boyer, Edmond

403

PROCESS MODELING IN RESIN TRANSFER MOLDING AS A METHOD TO ENHANCE PRODUCT QUALITY  

E-print Network

PROCESS MODELING IN RESIN TRANSFER MOLDING AS A METHOD TO ENHANCE PRODUCT QUALITY W.K. Chui, 1 J Transfer Molding (RTM) has drawn interest in recent years as an attractive technique for the manufacture. resin transfer molding (RTM), composite materials, mathematical modeling, porous media flow AMS subject

New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

404

A Framework for Photo-Quality Assessment and Enhancement based on Visual Aesthetics  

E-print Network

A Framework for Photo-Quality Assessment and Enhancement based on Visual Aesthetics Subhabrata that enables users to improve the visual aesthetics of their digital photographs using spatial re- composition and the system presents recommendations for where it can be moved in a manner that optimizes a learned aesthetic

Guestrin, Carlos

405

COMPUTER PROGRAM DOCUMENTATION FOR THE ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL QUAL2E  

EPA Science Inventory

Presented in the manual are recent modifications and improvements to the widely used stream water quality model QUAL-II. Called QUAL2E, the enhanced model incorporates improvements in eight areas: (1) algal, nitrogen, phosphorus, and dissolved oxygen interactions; (2) algal growt...

406

"How Will I Know If There Is Quality?" Report on Quality Indicators and Quality Enhancement in Universities: Issues and Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper presented by the Council on Ontario Universities, quality indicators are considered in light of their relationship to the challenges Ontario's universities expect to face in the next decade. These challenges include a surge in enrollment; the need for new, first-rate faculty; and Ontario's potential role in leading innovation and…

Smith, David C.

407

34 CFR 611.46 - What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities upon graduation from the teacher...  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities...TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM Scholarships § 611.46 What are a scholarship recipient's reporting...

2014-07-01

408

34 CFR 611.46 - What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities upon graduation from the teacher...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities...TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM Scholarships § 611.46 What are a scholarship recipient's reporting...

2013-07-01

409

34 CFR 611.46 - What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities upon graduation from the teacher...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities...TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM Scholarships § 611.46 What are a scholarship recipient's reporting...

2011-07-01

410

34 CFR 611.46 - What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities upon graduation from the teacher...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities...TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM Scholarships § 611.46 What are a scholarship recipient's reporting...

2010-07-01

411

34 CFR 611.46 - What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities upon graduation from the teacher...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are a scholarship recipient's reporting responsibilities...TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM Scholarships § 611.46 What are a scholarship recipient's reporting...

2012-07-01

412

A Goal Orientation Analysis of Teachers' Motivations to Participate in the School Self-Assessment Processes of a Quality Assurance System in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the goal orientations that could be inferred from how teachers from six municipal schools in Chile described their understandings, emotions, and behaviors during their participation in the assessment phase of the School Management Quality Assurance System. Content analysis of focus group interview transcripts evidenced…

Montecinos, Carmen; Madrid, Romina; Fernández, María Beatriz; Ahumada, Luis

2014-01-01

413

Improving the Quality of Early Childhood Education in Chile: Tensions between Public Policy and Teacher Discourses over the Schoolarisation of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article problematises emerging tensions in Chile, in relation to the discourses of early childhood teachers and public policies aimed at improving the quality of early childhood education. The aim of the analysis is to contribute to developing more nuanced understandings of these tensions, through the analytical lenses provided by the…

Pardo, Marcela; Woodrow, Christine

2014-01-01

414

From policy to practice: the challenges of providing high quality physical education and school sport faced by head teachers within primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite considerable investment in UK government initiatives (e.g., the Physical Education School Sport [PESS] plan) aimed at improving the delivery and quality of physical education (PE) in primary schools, many remaining problems have been highlighted (e.g., facilities; staff training). It is suggested that the head teacher (school principal) plays a fundamental role in the experience of PE delivery within

Paul Rainer; Brendan Cropley; Stuart Jarvis; Rob Griffiths

2011-01-01

415

From policy to practice: the challenges of providing high quality physical education and school sport faced by head teachers within primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite considerable investment in UK government initiatives (e.g., the Physical Education School Sport [PESS] plan) aimed at improving the delivery and quality of physical education (PE) in primary schools, many remaining problems have been highlighted (e.g., facilities; staff training). It is suggested that the head teacher (school principal) plays a fundamental role in the experience of PE delivery within

Paul Rainer; Brendan Cropley; Stuart Jarvis; Rob Griffiths

2012-01-01

416

Power quality enhancement at distribution level utilizing the unified power quality conditioner (UPQC)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present doctoral work is based on the philosophy of optimal utilization of the available resources in a most effective and efficient way to improve the product efficiency and to reduce the overall cost. This work proposes a novel control philosophy termed as power angle control (PAC), in which both the series and shunt inverters share the load reactive power in co-ordination with each other without affecting the basic UPQC compensation capabilities. This eventually results in a better utilization of the series inverter, reduction in the shunt inverter rating to some extent and ultimately in the reduction of the overall cost of UPQC. Moreover, in this thesis work several other control approaches are also proposed, such as, unit vector template generation, quadrature voltage injection, generalized single-phase p-q theory and novel current unbalance compensation approach. All the developed concepts are successfully validated through digital simulation as well as extensive experimental investigations. Keywords. power quality, active power filter, unified power quality conditioner, reactive power compensation, harmonics compensation.

Khadkikar, Vinod

417

Large-scale high quality glass microlens arrays fabricated by laser enhanced wet etching.  

PubMed

Large-scale high quality microlens arrays (MLAs) play an important role in enhancing the imaging quality of CCD and CMOS as well as the light extraction efficiency of LEDs and OLEDs. To meet the requirement in MLAs' wide application areas, a rapid fabrication method to fabricate large-scale MLAs with high quality, high fill factor and high uniformity is needed, especially on the glass substrate. In this paper, we present a simple and cost-efficient approach to the development of both concave and convex large-scale microlens arrays (MLAs) by using femtosecond laser wet etching method and replication technique. A large-scale high quality square-shaped microlens array with 512 × 512 units was fabricated.The unit size is 20 × 20 ?m2 on the whole scale of 1 × 1 cm2. Its perfect uniformity and optical performance are demonstrated. PMID:25402166

Tong, Siyu; Bian, Hao; Yang, Qing; Chen, Feng; Deng, Zefang; Si, Jinhai; Hou, Xun

2014-11-17

418

Teacher Migration Impact: A Review in the Context of Quality Education Provision and Teacher Training in Higher Education in Southern Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher mobility has become a common feature of the cross-border flows and transnational networks that constitute globalisation. International and intraregional migration of teachers is an important factor in education provision and management in countries in the Southern Africa region, for example Botswana and South Africa. In an increasingly…

Brown, B.

2008-01-01

419

Teacher Perception of the Alignment of Enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) with the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) standards for staff development as a framework for measuring specific aspects of the enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) educational technology professional development program, as perceived by eMINTS teachers. The Technology Integration Cycle…

Stanfill, Diana L.

2010-01-01

420

A Study of Teacher-Mediated Enhancement of Students' Organization of Earth Science Knowledge Using Web Diagrams as a Teaching Device  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research indicates that students with enhanced knowledge networks are more effective in learning science content and applying higher order thinking skills in open-ended inquiry learning. This research examined teacher implementation of a novel teaching strategy called "web diagramming," a form of network mapping, in a secondary school…

Anderson, O. Roger; Contino, Julie

2010-01-01

421

Compulsory Project-Level Involvement and the Use of Program-Level Evaluations: Evaluating the Local Systemic Change for Teacher Enhancement Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1995, the National Science Foundation (NSF) contracted with principal investigator Iris Weiss and an evaluation team at Horizon Research, Inc. (HRI) to conduct a national evaluation of the Local Systemic Change for Teacher Enhancement program (LSC). HRI conducted the core evaluation under a $6.25 million contract with NSF. This program…

Johnson, Kelli; Weiss, Iris R.

2011-01-01

422

34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...percent or more over the last three school years. High-need school means an elementary, middle, or secondary school operated by a high-need LEA in which the school's students or teaching staff meet the elements in...

2010-07-01

423

Web-Enhanced Instruction and Learning: Findings of a Short- and Long-Term Impact Study and Teacher Use of NASA Web Resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Over a three-year period, researchers and educators from the Pennsylvania State University (PSU), University Park, Pennsylvania, and the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC), Edwards, California, worked together to analyze, develop, implement and evaluate materials and tools that enable teachers to use NASA Web resources effectively for teaching science, mathematics, technology and geography. Two conference publications and one technical paper have already been published as part of this educational research series on Web-based instruction and learning. This technical paper, Web-Enhanced Instruction and Learning: Findings of a Short- and Long-Term Impact Study, is the culminating report in this educational research series and is based on the final report submitted to NASA. This report describes the broad spectrum of data gathered from teachers about their experiences using NASA Web resources in the classroom. It also describes participating teachers responses and feedback about the use of the NASA Web-Enhanced Learning Environment Strategies reflection tool on their teaching practices. The reflection tool was designed to help teachers merge the vast array of NASA resources with the best teaching methods, taking into consideration grade levels, subject areas and teaching preferences. The teachers described their attitudes toward technology and innovation in the classroom and their experiences and perceptions as they attempted to integrate Web resources into science, mathematics, technology and geography instruction.

McCarthy, Marianne C.; Grabowski, Barbara L.; Koszalka, Tiffany

2003-01-01

424

The Teacher-Friendly Guide: Northeast Region (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides a detailed look at the geology of the northeastern United States and provides resources for incorporating this information into the classroom. Regions covered include the inland basin, Appalachian and Piedmont, coastal plain, and exotic terrain. Details include the geologic history from the Precambrian to the present, rocks of this region and what they reveal about the geology of this area, fossils found in various regions of the northeast as well as state fossils, glaciers and their effect on this area, topography and its formation, mineral and non-mineral resources found here, and environmental issues facing this region. Each section highlights details about each region and contains teacher resources and activities for the classroom.

425

EQUIPping Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For many years, publications such as the National Science Education Standards (NRC 1996) and The Science Teacher (TST) have encouraged teachers to focus science classes more heavily on inquiry-based instructional practice. One way to improve our teaching practice is to use a benchmark assessment to obtain a solid point of reference that honestly reflects what we do in the classroom, and then to design a developmental plan to raise the level of performance. The Electronic Quality of Inquiry Protocol (EQUIP) is helpful in providing both a benchmark and a guide to improving the quality of inquiry implemented in our classrooms.

White, Chris; Marshall, Jeff; Horton, Robert

2009-04-01

426

Comparing Beginning Teachers' Instructional Quality Growth on Subject-Specific and Global Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observation measures of instructional quality tend to fall into two broad categories--those for use across subject areas and those intended for use in specific subject areas. The move toward content-specific measures is a result of research suggesting that effective teaching looks different across subject areas and that both content knowledge and…

Neergaard, Laura; Smith, Tom

2012-01-01

427

Teacher Perceptions of Principals' Leadership Qualities: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods sequential explanatory study utilized the Multi-factor Leadership Questionnaire, responses to open-ended questions, and in-depth interviews to identify transformational leadership qualities that were present among principals in Alberta, Canada. The first quantitative phase consisted of a random sample of 135 schools (with…

Hauserman, Cal P.; Ivankova, Nataliya V.; Stick, Sheldon L.

2013-01-01

428

Building-related health symptoms and classroom indoor air quality: a survey of school teachers in New York State.  

PubMed

Most previous research on indoor environments and health has studied school children or occupants in non-school settings. This investigation assessed building-related health symptoms and classroom characteristics via telephone survey of New York State school teachers. Participants were asked about 14 building-related symptoms and 23 classroom characteristics potentially related to poor indoor air quality (IAQ). Poisson regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between these symptoms and each classroom characteristic, controlling for potential confounders. About 500 teachers completed the survey. The most frequently reported classroom characteristics included open shelving (70.7%), food eaten in class (65.5%), dust (59.1%), and carpeting (46.9%). The most commonly reported symptoms included sinus problems (16.8%), headache (15.0%), allergies/congestion (14.8%), and throat irritation (14.6%). Experiencing one or more symptoms was associated most strongly with reported dust (relative risk (RR) = 3.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.62-5.13), dust reservoirs (RR = 2.13; 95% CI: 1.72-2.65), paint odors (RR = 1.73; 95% CI: 1.40-2.13), mold (RR = 1.71; 95% CI: 1.39-2.11), and moldy odors (RR = 1.65 95% CI: 1.30-2.10). Stronger associations were found with increasing numbers of reported IAQ-related classroom characteristics. Similar results were found with having any building-related allergic/respiratory symptom. This research adds to the body of evidence underscoring the importance to occupant health of school IAQ. PMID:25196499

Kielb, C; Lin, S; Muscatiello, N; Hord, W; Rogers-Harrington, J; Healy, J

2014-09-01

429

Enhancing In-Service Teachers' Professional Learning through a School-Based Professional Development Programme in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing is a complex skill that requires effective teaching practices in the classroom. One of the challenges English teachers in the English as a second language (L2) context face is the lack of teacher experience in teaching English writing. This brief paper reports on a small-scale study on helping Hong Kong in-service primary school teachers

Bai, Barry

2014-01-01

430

Actors and Act-ers: Enhancing Inclusion and Diversity in Teaching and Teacher Education through the Validation of Quiet Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We find that Teacher Education attracts, in addition to those outgoing students who are at ease in front of a group of people, a number of student teachers who are often quiet, reserved, shy, or not at all comfortable being the center of attention. Many times these aspiring teachers have gifts and talents that are not readily apparent, yet…

Collins, Steve; Ting, Hermia

2010-01-01

431

Growth rate enhancement by microcrystals and the quality of resulting potash alum crystals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Growth rate enhancement resulting from the addition of ground powder crystals to a growing larger crystal has been examined for the potash alum-water system. The crystal quality of the large crystal after the addition and subsequent growth rate enhancement was evaluated in terms of the formation of inclusions and dislocations. Inclusions were observed with an optical microscope and the dislocations were analysed using X-ray transmission topography. It was found that the development of inclusions occurs at the time of the addition to the solution of the ground powder crystals and their attachment to the growing crystal surface. Simultaneously, dislocation bundles were generated. It is proposed that the inclusions form as the growing crystal surface envelopes the adhering particles and that the dislocations form both as a consequence of the strain that develops and the lattice mismatch required to refacet the surface. Both result in the development of additional growth centres which cause the growth rate enhancement.

Takiyama, H.; Tezuka, N.; Matsuoka, M.; Ristic, R. I.; Sherwood, J. N.

1998-09-01

432

Students and Teachers' Perceptions on Technology-Enhanced Turkish Language Learning Environment in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine learners' and instructors' perceptions about technology-enhanced learning environment. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. A Likert-scale survey was developed and administered to 48 Turkish language learners in various language courses in Istanbul to investigate their…

Aydin, Hasan

2013-01-01

433

What Teachers Need to Know about Augmented Reality Enhanced Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Augmented reality (AR) enhanced learning environments have been designed to teach a variety of subjects by having learners act like professionals in the field as opposed to students in a classroom. The environments, grounded in constructivist and situated learning theories, place students in a meaningful, non-classroom environment and force them…

Wasko, Christopher

2013-01-01

434

Hot for Teacher: Using Digital Music to Enhance Students' Experience in Online Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a review of the instructional potential of digital music to enhance postsecondary students' experience in online courses by involving them in music-driven instructional activities. The authors describe how music-driven instructional activities, when used appropriately, can (a) humanize, personalize, and energize online…

Dunlap, Joanna C.; Lowenthal, Patrick R.

2010-01-01

435

Using Interactive Radio to Enhance Classroom Learning and Reach Schools, Classrooms, Teachers, and Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a case study of the development of the Open Learning Systems Education Trust's "English in Action" program in South Africa from 1993 to the end of 2004. It describes the program's development from a model focused on enhancing learner involvement and learner gains to a model of distance education and open learning focused on…

Potter, Charles; Naidoo, Gordon

2006-01-01

436

Performance Pay for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past few years, interest in shifting at least a portion of what teachers are paid away from a reliance on a traditional salary schedule to one that incorporates a pay for performance component has reached a new high. Proponents of the approach view it as a way to improve teacher quality by both motivating teachers and--through higher…

Protheroe, Nancy

2011-01-01

437

Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of Using Video Games to Enhance Science Instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education video game research points toward promising, but inconclusive results in both student learning outcomes and attitudes. However, student-level variables other than gender have been largely absent from this research. This study examined how students' reading ability level and disability status are related to their video game-playing behaviors outside of school and their perceptions about the use of science video games during school. Thirty-four teachers and 876 sixth- through ninth-grade students from 14 states participated in the study. All student groups reported that they would prefer to learn science from a video game rather than from traditional text, laboratory-based, or Internet environments. Chi-square analyses indicated a significant association between reading ability level, disability status, and key areas of interest including students' use of video games outside of school, their perceptions of their scientific abilities, and whether they would pursue a career in the sciences. Implications of these findings and areas for future research are identified.

Marino, Matthew T.; Israel, Maya; Beecher, Constance C.; Basham, James D.

2012-10-01

438

Enhancing e-waste estimates: Improving data quality by multivariate Input–Output Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: • A multivariate Input–Output Analysis method for e-waste estimates is proposed. • Applying multivariate analysis to consolidate data can enhance e-waste estimates. • We examine the influence of model selection and data quality on e-waste estimates. • Datasets of all e-waste related variables in a Dutch case study have been provided. • Accurate modeling of time-variant lifespan distributions is critical for estimate. - Abstract: Waste electrical and electronic equipment (or e-waste) is one of the fastest growing waste streams, which encompasses a wide and increasing spectrum of products. Accurate estimation of e-waste generation is difficult, mainly due to lack of high quality data referred to market and socio-economic dynamics. This paper addresses how to enhance e-waste estimates by providing techniques to increase data quality. An advanced, flexible and multivariate Input–Output Analysis (IOA) method is proposed. It links all three pillars in IOA (product sales, stock and lifespan profiles) to construct mathematical relationships between various data points. By applying this method, the data consolidation steps can generate more accurate time-series datasets from available data pool. This can consequently increase the reliability of e-waste estimates compared to the approach without data processing. A case study in the Netherlands is used to apply the advanced IOA model. As a result, for the first time ever, complete datasets of all three variables for estimating all types of e-waste have been obtained. The result of this study also demonstrates significant disparity between various estimation models, arising from the use of data under different conditions. It shows the importance of applying multivariate approach and multiple sources to improve data quality for modelling, specifically using appropriate time-varying lifespan parameters. Following the case study, a roadmap with a procedural guideline is provided to enhance e-waste estimation studies.

Wang, Feng, E-mail: fwang@unu.edu [Institute for Sustainability and Peace, United Nations University, Hermann-Ehler-Str. 10, 53113 Bonn (Germany); Design for Sustainability Lab, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Landbergstraat 15, 2628CE Delft (Netherlands); Huisman, Jaco [Institute for Sustainability and Peace, United Nations University, Hermann-Ehler-Str. 10, 53113 Bonn (Germany); Design for Sustainability Lab, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Landbergstraat 15, 2628CE Delft (Netherlands); Stevels, Ab [Design for Sustainability Lab, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Landbergstraat 15, 2628CE Delft (Netherlands); Baldé, Cornelis Peter [Institute for Sustainability and Peace, United Nations University, Hermann-Ehler-Str. 10, 53113 Bonn (Germany); Statistics Netherlands, Henri Faasdreef 312, 2492 JP Den Haag (Netherlands)

2013-11-15

439

Clinical Decision Support System to Enhance Quality Control of Spirometry Using Information and Communication Technologies  

PubMed Central

Background We recently demonstrated that quality of spirometry in primary care could markedly improve with remote offline support from specialized professionals. It is hypothesized that implementation of automatic online assessment of quality of spirometry using information and communication technologies may significantly enhance the potential for extensive deployment of a high quality spirometry program in integrated care settings. Objective The objective of the study was to elaborate and validate a Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) for automatic online quality assessment of spirometry. Methods The CDSS was done through a three step process including: (1) identification of optimal sampling frequency; (2) iterations to build-up an initial version using the 24 standard spirometry curves recommended by the American Thoracic Society; and (3) iterations to refine the CDSS using 270 curves from 90 patients. In each of these steps the results were checked against one expert. Finally, 778 spirometry curves from 291 patients were analyzed for validation purposes. Results The CDSS generated appropriate online classification and certification in 685/778 (88.1%) of spirometry testing, with 96% sensitivity and 95% specificity. Conclusions Consequently, only 93/778 (11.9%) of spirometry testing required offline remote classification by an expert, indicating a potential positive role of the CDSS in the deployment of a high quality spirometry program in an integrated care setting. PMID:25600957

2014-01-01

440

What Should Teacher Educators Know and Be Able to Do? Perspectives from Practicing Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Commonsense reasoning says that quality teacher education relies on quality teacher educators. Yet, there is minimal attention to what teacher educators should know and be able to do. Unquestionably, teacher educators cannot teach what they do not know; but what "should" they know, and should they be prepared? This study of 293 teacher

Goodwin, A. Lin; Smith, Laura; Souto-Manning, Mariana; Cheruvu, Ranita; Tan, Mei Ying; Reed, Rebecca; Taveras, Lauren

2014-01-01

441

Enhancing e-waste estimates: improving data quality by multivariate Input-Output Analysis.  

PubMed

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (or e-waste) is one of the fastest growing waste streams, which encompasses a wide and increasing spectrum of products. Accurate estimation of e-waste generation is difficult, mainly due to lack of high quality data referred to market and socio-economic dynamics. This paper addresses how to enhance e-waste estimates by providing techniques to increase data quality. An advanced, flexible and multivariate Input-Output Analysis (IOA) method is proposed. It links all three pillars in IOA (product sales, stock and lifespan profiles) to construct mathematical relationships between various data points. By applying this method, the data consolidation steps can generate more accurate time-series datasets from available data pool. This can consequently increase the reliability of e-waste estimates compared to the approach without data processing. A case study in the Netherlands is used to apply the advanced IOA model. As a result, for the first time ever, complete datasets of all three variables for estimating all types of e-waste have been obtained. The result of this study also demonstrates significant disparity between various estimation models, arising from the use of data under different conditions. It shows the importance of applying multivariate approach and multiple sources to improve data quality for modelling, specifically using appropriate time-varying lifespan parameters. Following the case study, a roadmap with a procedural guideline is provided to enhance e-waste estimation studies. PMID:23899476

Wang, Feng; Huisman, Jaco; Stevels, Ab; Baldé, Cornelis Peter

2013-11-01

442

78 FR 292 - Request for Comments and Notice of Roundtable Events for Partnership for Enhancement of Quality...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE United States Patent and Trademark Office [Docket No. PTO-P-2012-0052...for Enhancement of Quality of Software-Related Patents AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce. ACTION:...

2013-01-03

443

78 FR 16474 - Extension of the Period for Comments on the Enhancement of Quality of Software-Related Patents  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE United States Patent and Trademark Office [Docket No. PTO-P-2012-0052...the Enhancement of Quality of Software-Related Patents AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce. ACTION:...

2013-03-15

444

The University of Texas Houston Stroke Registry (UTHSR): implementation of enhanced data quality assurance procedures improves data quality  

PubMed Central

Background Limited information has been published regarding standard quality assurance (QA) procedures for stroke registries. We share our experience regarding the establishment of enhanced QA procedures for the University of Texas Houston Stroke Registry (UTHSR) and evaluate whether these QA procedures have improved data quality in UTHSR. Methods All 5093 patient records that were abstracted and entered in UTHSR, between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2011, were considered in this study. We conducted reliability and validity studies. For reliability and validity of data captured by abstractors, a random subset of 30 records was used for re-abstraction of select key variables by two abstractors. These 30 records were re-abstracted by a team of experts that included a vascular neurologist clinician as the “gold standard”. We assessed inter-rater reliability (IRR) between the two abstractors as well as validity of each abstractor with the “gold standard”. Depending on the scale of variables, IRR was assessed with Kappa or intra-class correlations (ICC) using a 2-way, random effects ANOVA. For assessment of validity of data in UTHSR we re-abstracted another set of 85 patient records for which all discrepant entries were adjudicated by a vascular neurology fellow clinician and added to the set of our “gold standard”. We assessed level of agreement between the registry data and the “gold standard” as well as sensitivity and specificity. We used logistic regression to compare error rates for different years to assess whether a significant improvement in data quality has been achieved during 2008–2011. Results The error rate dropped significantly, from 4.8% in 2008 to 2.2% in 2011 (P < 0.001). The two abstractors had an excellent IRR (Kappa or ICC ? 0.75) on almost all key variables checked. Agreement between data in UTHSR and the “gold standard” was excellent for almost all categorical and continuous variables. Conclusions Establishment of a rigorous data quality assurance for our UTHSR has helped to improve the validity of data. We observed an excellent IRR between the two abstractors. We recommend training of chart abstractors and systematic assessment of IRR between abstractors and validity of the abstracted data in stroke registries. PMID:23767957

2013-01-01

445

Teachers' Perspectives on Evaluation Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite growing momentum to reform teacher evaluation in order to increase its impact on teachers' practice and persistence in the profession, very little research examines how current reforms influence teachers' attitudes or reported instructional practices. Do the new evaluation systems lead to enhancements in teachers' instruction overall? And…

Donaldson, Morgaen L.

2012-01-01

446

A proactive classroom management model to enhance self-efficacy levels in teachers of adolescents who display disruptive behaviors.  

PubMed

The aims of this project were to determine teachers' self-efficacy levels at baseline and after participating in a proactive classroom management model intervention. Teachers (N = 26) were recruited from a rural middle school in a south central state. Data required for analysis were drawn from the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (long form). A statistically significant difference (t[25] = 7.68, p < 0.001) was noted in teachers' self-efficacy levels from pre- to post-intervention. Findings support the need for proactive classroom management training for teachers as well as the need for psychiatric and mental health nurse consultants within the school system. Teacher classroom management strategies should also include appropriate response to individual student's needs, effective communication, and insight regarding the behaviors of students from diverse backgrounds. PMID:24102838

Pace, Rolanda T; Boykins, Anita D; Davis, Sheila P

2014-02-01

447

Enhancing the quality of service of video streaming over MANETs using MDC and FEC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Path and server diversities have been used to guarantee reliable video streaming communication over wireless networks. In this paper, server diversity over mobile wireless ad hoc networks (MANETs) is implemented. Particularly, multipoint-to-point transmission together with multiple description coding (MDC) and forward error correction (FEC) technique is used to enhance the quality of service of video streaming over the wireless lossy networks. Additionally, the dynamic source routing (DSR) protocol is used to discover maximally disjoint routes for each sender and to distribute the workload evenly within the MANETs for video streaming applications. NS-2 Simulation study demonstrates the feasibility of the proposed mechanism and it shows that the approach achieves better quality of video streaming, in terms of the playable frame rate, reliability and real-time performance on the receiving side.

Zang, Weihua; Guo, Rui

2012-04-01

448

Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS): A novel application of translational research methods  

PubMed Central

Translational research is expanding, in part, because Evidence-Based Programs or Practices (EBPs) are not adopted in many medical domains. However, little translational research exists on EBPs that are prevention programs delivered in non-clinical, community-based settings. These organizations often have low capacity, which undermines implementation quality and outcomes. Rigorous translational research is needed in these settings so within a single study, capacity, implementation quality, and outcomes are measured and links between them tested. This paper overviews the study Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS), which tests how well a community-based setting (Boys & Girls Clubs) conducts an EBP called Making Proud Choices that aims to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, with and without an implementation support intervention called Getting To Outcomes®. The study design is novel as it assesses: Getting To Outcomes’ impact on capacity, implementation quality, and outcomes simultaneously and in both study conditions; will assess sustainability by measuring capacity and fidelity a year after the Getting To Outcomes support ends; and will operate on a large scale similar to many national initiatives. Many studies have not incorporated all these elements and thus EQUIPS could serve as a model for translational research in many domains. PMID:23751031

Chinman, Matthew; Acosta, Joie; Ebener, Patricia; Driver, Jennifer; Keith, Jamie; Peebles, Dana

2013-01-01

449

Fumigation with essential oils improves sensory quality and enhanced antioxidant ability of shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes).  

PubMed

Several naturally occurring essential oils were evaluated for their effectiveness in maintaining sensory quality and increasing antioxidant levels and activities in shiitake (Lentinus edodes) mushrooms. Freshly harvested mushrooms were fumigated with 5 ?l l(-)(1) clove, cinnamaldehyde and thyme oils at 10 °C for 1.5h and the antioxidant activities determined using assays of H2O2 content, O2(-) production rate, DPPH, and ABTS radical scavenging activity. The results showed that the antioxidant activities of the mushrooms fumigated with cinnamaldehyde were significantly increased when compared to the controls. Moreover, cinnamaldehyde fumigation significantly delayed losses of phenolic compounds and enhanced flavonoid content. The essential oil fumigation treatment also increased the antioxidant enzyme activities of CAT, SOD, APX and GR throughout the storage periods. All the fumigation treatments were effective in retarding mushroom sensory deterioration. These results indicate that postharvest application of essential oil fumigation can extend the shelf life and enhance the antioxidant capacity of shiitake mushrooms. PMID:25442609

Jiang, Tianjia; Luo, Zisheng; Ying, Tiejin

2015-04-01

450

Studies to enhance the beam quality from flashlamp pumped dye lasers  

SciTech Connect

A number of techniques have been considered for reducing the divergence of the beam of energy generated by a flashlamp pumped dye laser, particularly for those lasers with a high Fresnel number. The principal motivation is to enhance the brightness of such laser beams. The techniques that have been evaluated, or are under active investigation, include: (1) solvent effects; (2) unstable resonators; (3) telescopic resonators; (4) oscillator amplifier configurations; and (5) phase conjugation techniques. Results are presented that show that judicious choice of solvents can give a modest reduction in divergence and improvements of at least a factor two in beam brightness. More sophisticated techniques such as the use of a telescopic resonator can enhance the brightness by a factor in excess of 200. There is scope for further improvement in beam quality by suitable combinations of techniques or materials.

Titterton, D.H.; Winstanley, P.A.; Finlayson, A.J.; Case, A.D.; Llewelyn, E.S. [DRA Farnborough (United Kingdom)

1994-12-31

451

The Role of Teacher Quality in Retention and Hiring: Using Applications-to-Transfer to Uncover Preferences of Teachers and Schools. NBER Working Paper No. 15966  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many large urban school districts are rethinking their personnel management strategies, often giving increased control to schools in the hiring of teachers, reducing, for example, the importance of seniority. If school hiring authorities are able to make good decisions about whom to hire, these reforms have the potential to benefit schools and…

Boyd, Donald; Lankford, Hamilton; Loeb, Susanna; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Wyckoff, James

2010-01-01

452

Earth Science Enterprise: Teacher Guides (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) website provides downloadable instructor guides for teaching Earth and space sciences in K-12 classrooms. Looking at Earth from Space is a middle to high school level guide, which provides details and activities for using satellite imagery to enhance science education. Topics covered in this guide include weather and weather patterns, wave motion and circulation, jet streams, fronts, clouds, hurricanes and more. An accompanying glossary contains illustrations and formulas. Our Mission to Planet Earth is intended for younger students and familiarizes children with the concept of cycles and how humans can change their environment. The topics covered in these activities include the water cycle, greenhouse effect, energy, systems, modeling and satellites.

453

Dual-energy contrast-enhanced breast tomosynthesis: optimization of beam quality for dose and image quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dual-energy contrast-enhanced breast tomosynthesis is a promising technique to obtain three-dimensional functional information from the breast with high resolution and speed. To optimize this new method, this study searched for the beam quality that maximized image quality in terms of mass detection performance. A digital tomosynthesis system was modeled using a fast ray-tracing algorithm, which created simulated projection images by tracking photons through a voxelized anatomical breast phantom containing iodinated lesions. The single-energy images were combined into dual-energy images through a weighted log subtraction process. The weighting factor was optimized to minimize anatomical noise, while the dose distribution was chosen to minimize quantum noise. The dual-energy images were analyzed for the signal difference to noise ratio (SdNR) of iodinated masses. The fast ray-tracing explored 523 776 dual-energy combinations to identify which yields optimum mass SdNR. The ray-tracing results were verified using a Monte Carlo model for a breast tomosynthesis system with a selenium-based flat-panel detector. The projection images from our voxelized breast phantom were obtained at a constant total glandular dose. The projections were combined using weighted log subtraction and reconstructed using commercial reconstruction software. The lesion SdNR was measured in the central reconstructed slice. The SdNR performance varied markedly across the kVp and filtration space. Ray-tracing results indicated that the mass SdNR was maximized with a high-energy tungsten beam at 49 kVp with 92.5 µm of copper filtration and a low-energy tungsten beam at 49 kVp with 95 µm of tin filtration. This result was consistent with Monte Carlo findings. This mammographic technique led to a mass SdNR of 0.92 ± 0.03 in the projections and 3.68 ± 0.19 in the reconstructed slices. These values were markedly higher than those for non-optimized techniques. Our findings indicate that dual-energy breast tomosynthesis can be performed optimally at 49 kVp with alternative copper and tin filters, with reconstruction following weighted subtraction. The optimum technique provides best visibility of iodine against structured breast background in dual-energy contrast-enhanced breast tomosynthesis.

Samei, Ehsan; Saunders, Robert S., Jr.

2011-10-01

454

Teachers' conceptions of the nature of science: Analyzing the impact of a teacher enhancement program in changing attitudes and perceptions of science and scientific research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a residential science research experience in changing participants' attitudes and understanding of the nature of science and their view of themselves as science researchers. Data from interviews, journal writings, classroom observations and two pre-post instruments were used in the evaluation plan. As participants of this study, 16 inservice teachers

Aimee Lee Govett

2001-01-01

455

Teacher/Scientist Partnership Develops a Simulated Natural Disaster Scenario to Enhance Student Learning  

SciTech Connect

National science education standards emphasize actively engaging students in developing the abilities of and understandings about scientific inquiry as a way to learn important concepts in the earth sciences and other disciplines. Too few high quality instructional tools, based on the national standards, currently exist that model this type of activity for sixth-grade students. To promote this approach, we created a national laboratory/middle school partnership to develop a hands-on, inquiry-based research project related to flash floods in southeastern Washington State. The project, conducted during the 2003-2004 school year, was built on the middle-school Catastrophic Events module developed by the National Science Resource Center. Seventeen student research teams deepened their understanding of geology, hydrology, and meteorology and applied this understanding as they analyzed and evaluated data they collected. The student teams wrote technical reports and created posters that synthesized the data and presented conclusions and recommendations based on their findings. The project models a successful approach for developing an inquiry-based earth science project and creating a meaningful partnership between schools and scientists.

Wurstner, Signe K.; Herr, Cheryl; Andrews, Gregg L.; Feaster-Alley, Kathy

2005-11-01

456

A High-Quality Professional Development for Teachers of Grades 3-6 for Implementing Engineering into Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the increasing emphasis on integrating engineering into K-12 classrooms to help meet the needs of our complex and multidisciplinary society, there is an urgent need to investigate teachers' engineering-focused professional development experiences as they relate to teacher learning, implementation, and student achievement. This study…

Guzey, S. Selcen; Tank, Kristina; Wang, Hui-Hui; Roehrig, Gillian; Moore, Tamara

2014-01-01

457

What Is a Principal's Quality Mark? Issues and Challenges in Leadership Progression among Primary Teachers in Jamaica  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions about teacher progression among Jamaica's primary school teachers should force society to stop and ask itself several questions. Are these perceptions accurate? If not, how did these perceptions emerge and what can national leaders and those in positions of authority do to "manage" if not resolve these perceptions? If…

Miller, Paul

2014-01-01

458

Generalizability and Validity of the Use of a Case Analysis Assessment To Make Visible the Quality of Teacher Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated the use of case analysis as an accountability measure for demonstrating teacher candidates' abilities to meet targeted course, institutional, and state teaching standards for student motivation and classroom management. Findings for 34 teacher candidates support the generalizability of case analysis ratings, which were shown to…

Denner, Peter R.; Miller, Terry L.; Newsome, Jack D.; Birdsong, Julie R.

2002-01-01

459

Benefits of teaching voice amplification as related to subjective laryngeal symptoms and perceived voice quality in teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loud speaking due to noisy working conditions is a common cause for teachers' voice disorders. One way to diminish the vocal load of teaching is to make use of technical equipment. This Icelandic study explores: (1) if the use of amplification in classrooms would diminish the teachers' experienced symptoms of vocal fatigue; and (2) whether there is a possible change

Valdis Jonsdottir

2005-01-01

460

Enhancing sleep quality and memory in insomnia using instrumental sensorimotor rhythm conditioning.  

PubMed

EEG recordings over the sensorimotor cortex show a prominent oscillatory pattern in a frequency range between 12 and 15 Hz (sensorimotor rhythm, SMR) under quiet but alert wakefulness. This frequency range is also abundant during sleep, and overlaps with the sleep spindle frequency band. In the present pilot study we tested whether instrumental conditioning of SMR during wakefulness can enhance sleep and cognitive performance in insomnia. Twenty-four subjects with clinical symptoms of primary insomnia were tested in a counterbalanced within-subjects-design. Each patient participated in a SMR- as well as a sham-conditioning training block. Polysomnographic sleep recordings were scheduled before and after the training blocks. Results indicate a significant increase of 12-15 Hz activity over the course of ten SMR training sessions. Concomitantly, the number of awakenings decreased and slow-wave sleep as well as subjective sleep quality increased. Interestingly, SMR-training enhancement was also found to be associated with overnight memory consolidation and sleep spindle changes indicating a beneficial cognitive effect of the SMR training protocol for SMR "responders" (16 out of 24 participants). Although results are promising it has to be concluded that current results are of a preliminary nature and await further proof before SMR-training can be promoted as a non-pharmacological approach for improving sleep quality and memory performance. PMID:23548378

Schabus, Manuel; Heib, Dominik P J; Lechinger, Julia; Griessenberger, Hermann; Klimesch, Wolfgang; Pawlizki, Annedore; Kunz, Alexander B; Sterman, Barry M; Hoedlmoser, Kerstin

2014-01-01

461

Application research on enhancing near-infrared micro-imaging quality by 2nd derivative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Near-infrared micro-imaging will not only provide the sample's spatial distribution information, but also the spectroscopic information of each pixel. In this thesis, it took the artificial sample of wheat flour and formaldehyde sodium sulfoxylate distribution given for example to research the data processing method for enhancing the quality of near-infrared micro-imaging. Near-infrared spectroscopic feature of wheat flour and formaldehyde sodium sulfoxylate being studied on, compare correlation imaging and 2nd derivative imaging were applied in the imaging processing of the near-infrared micro-image of the artificial sample. Furthermore, the two methods were combined, i.e. 2nd derivative compare correlation imaging was acquired. The result indicated that the difference of the correlation coefficients between the two substances, i.e. wheat flour and formaldehyde sodium sulfoxylate, and the reference spectrum has been increased from 0.001 in compare correlation image to 0.796 in 2nd derivative compare correlation image respectively, which enhances the imaging quality efficiently. This study will, to some extent, be of important reference significance to near-infrared micro-imaging method research of agricultural products and foods.

Wang, Dong; Ma, Zhi-hong; Zhao, Liu; Wang, Bei-hong; Han, Ping; Pan, Li-gang; Wang, Ji-hua

2013-08-01

462

Using Global Learning to Enhance the Preparation of Elementary Teachers in the Teaching of Mathematics and Science: What We Learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

Structured reflections and metacognitive thinking of elementary teacher education students provide powerful opportunities for students' self-efficacy growth, and the development of both mathematics and science related pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). Guided student-instructor reflections were already a part of an integrated mathematics and science methods class for preservice elementary teachers. A global learning dimension was added to further develop the reflective

Kay Gibson; Mara Alagic; Connie Haack; James Watters; Geoffrey A. Rogers

463

The Development Model of Knowledge Management via Web-Based Learning to Enhance Pre-Service Teacher's Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores that the model of knowledge management and web technology for teachers' professional development as well as its impact in the classroom on learning and teaching, especially in pre-service teacher's competency and practices that refer to knowledge creating, analyzing, nurturing, disseminating, and optimizing process as part…

Rampai, Nattaphon; Sopeerak, Saroch

2011-01-01

464

Collaborative Research Projects in the Technology-Enhanced Language Classroom: Preservice and In-Service Teachers Exchange Knowledge about Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents research findings of a longitudinal empirical case study that investigated an innovative Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) professional development program for pre-service English as Foreign Language (EFL) teachers. The conceptualization of the program was based on the assumption that pre-service language teachers

Schmid, Euline Cutrim; Hegelheimer, Volker

2014-01-01

465

Enhancing the Efficacy of Teacher Incentives through Loss Aversion: A Field Experiment. NBER Working Paper No. 18237  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Domestic attempts to use financial incentives for teachers to increase student achievement have been ineffective. In this paper, we demonstrate that exploiting the power of loss aversion--teachers are paid in advance and asked to give back the money if their students do not improve sufficiently--increases math test scores between 0.201 (0.076) and…

Fryer, Roland G., Jr.; Levitt, Steven D.; List, John; Sadoff, Sally

2012-01-01

466

Learning to Teach: Enhancing Pre-Service Teachers' Awareness of the Complexity of Teaching-Learning Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why is it so challenging to provide pre-service teachers with adequate competence to cope with the complexity of the classroom context? Three key difficulties are frequently reported as reducing the effectiveness of teacher education programs: the construction of an integrated body of knowledge about teaching, the application of theories to…

Eilam, Billie; Poyas, Yael

2009-01-01

467

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Maine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

468

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. North Dakota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

469

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Maryland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

470

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Hawaii  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

471

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

472

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Montana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

473

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Idaho  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

474

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. New Jersey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

475

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Pennsylvania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

476

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Vermont  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

477

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Kansas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

478

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Utah  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

479

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

480

Avoiding a bad apple: Insect pollination enhances fruit quality and economic value?  

PubMed Central

Insect pollination is important for food production globally and apples are one of the major fruit crops which are reliant on this ecosystem service. It is fundamentally important that the full range of benefits of insect pollination to crop production are understood, if the costs of interventions aiming to enhance pollination are to be compared against the costs of the interventions themselves. Most previous studies have simply assessed the benefits of pollination to crop yield and ignored quality benefits and how these translate through to economic values. In the present study we examine the influence of insect pollination services on farmgate output of two important UK apple varieties; Gala and Cox. Using field experiments, we quantify the influence of insect pollination on yield and importantly quality and whether either may be limited by sub-optimal insect pollination. Using an expanded bioeconomic model we value insect pollination to UK apple production and establish the potential for improvement through pollination service management. We show that insects are essential in the production of both varieties of apple in the UK and contribute a total of £36.7 million per annum, over £6 million more than the value calculated using more conventional dependence ratio methods. Insect pollination not only affects the quantity of production but can also have marked impacts on the quality of apples, influencing size, shape and effecting their classification for market. These effects are variety specific however. Due to the influence of pollination on both yield and quality in Gala, there is potential for insect pollination services to improve UK output by up to £5.7 million per annum. Our research shows that continued pollinator decline could have serious financial implications for the apple industry but there is considerable scope through management of wild pollinators or using managed pollinator augmentation, to improve the quality of production. Furthermore, we show that it is critically important to consider all production parameters including quality, varietal differences and management costs when valuing the pollination service of any crop so investment in pollinator management can be proportional to its contribution. PMID:24748698

Garratt, M.P.D.; Breeze, T.D.; Jenner, N.; Polce, C.; Biesmeijer, J.C.; Potts, S.G.

2014-01-01

481

Avoiding a bad apple: Insect pollination enhances fruit quality and economic value.  

PubMed

Insect pollination is important for food production globally and apples are one of the major fruit crops which are reliant on this ecosystem service. It is fundamentally important that the full range of benefits of insect pollination to crop production are understood, if the costs of interventions aiming to enhance pollination are to be compared against the costs of the interventions themselves. Most previous studies have simply assessed the benefits of pollination to crop yield and ignored quality benefits and how these translate through to economic values. In the present study we examine the influence of insect pollination services on farmgate output of two important UK apple varieties; Gala and Cox. Using field experiments, we quantify the influence of insect pollination on yield and importantly quality and whether either may be limited by sub-optimal insect pollination. Using an expanded bioeconomic model we value insect pollination to UK apple production and establish the potential for improvement through pollination service management. We show that insects are essential in the production of both varieties of apple in the UK and contribute a total of £36.7 million per annum, over £6 million more than the value calculated using more conventional dependence ratio methods. Insect pollination not only affects the quantity of production but can also have marked impacts on the quality of apples, influencing size, shape and effecting their classification for market. These effects are variety specific however. Due to the influence of pollination on both yield and quality in Gala, there is potential for insect pollination services to improve UK output by up to £5.7 million per annum. Our research shows that continued pollinator decline could have serious financial implications for the apple industry but there is considerable scope through management of wild pollinators or using managed pollinator augmentation, to improve the quality of production. Furthermore, we show that it is critically important to consider all production parameters including quality, varietal differences and management costs when valuing the pollination service of any crop so investment in pollinator management can be proportional to its contribution. PMID:24748698

Garratt, M P D; Breeze, T D; Jenner, N; Polce, C; Biesmeijer, J C; Potts, S G

2014-02-01

482

An enhanced PM 2.5 air quality forecast model based on nonlinear regression and back-trajectory concentrations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An enhanced PM 2.5 air quality forecast model based on nonlinear regression (NLR) and back-trajectory concentrations has been developed for use in the Louisville, Kentucky metropolitan area. The PM 2.5 air quality forecast model is designed for use in the warm season, from May through September, when PM 2.5 air quality is more likely to be critical for human health. The enhanced PM 2.5 model consists of a basic NLR model, developed for use with an automated air quality forecast system, and an additional parameter based on upwind PM 2.5 concentration, called PM24. The PM24 parameter is designed to be determined manually, by synthesizing backward air trajectory and regional air quality information to compute 24-h back-trajectory concentrations. The PM24 parameter may be used by air quality forecasters to adjust the forecast provided by the automated forecast system. In this study of the 2007 and 2008 forecast seasons, the enhanced model performed well using forecasted meteorological data and PM24 as input. The enhanced PM 2.5 model was compared with three alternative models, including the basic NLR model, the basic NLR model with a persistence parameter added, and the NLR model with persistence and PM24. The two models that included PM24 were of comparable accuracy. The two models incorporating back-trajectory concentrations had lower mean absolute errors and higher rates of detecting unhealthy PM2.5 concentrations compared to the other models.

Cobourn, W. Geoffrey

2010-08-01

483

Students' experiences concerning course workload and factors enhancing and impeding their learning – a useful resource for quality enhancement in teaching and curriculum planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study is to deepen our understanding of factors which students experience as important in learning, in order to improve the quality of teaching and curriculum planning. A total of 132 veterinary students participated in the study by answering a questionnaire containing open?ended questions. Most of the comments on factors enhancing learning were associated with teaching practices.

Mirja Ruohoniemi

2009-01-01

484

Using Blackboard and Skype for Mentoring Beginning Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine the nature of the Blackboard and Skype-based electronic mentoring system for beginning teachers. The Quality Teachers for Quality Students project developed an electronic mentoring system between beginning teachers and experienced teachers to support beginning teachers' instructional and classroom…

Suk Hwang, Young; Vrongistinos, Konstantinos

2012-01-01

485

Relational Agency and Teacher Development: A CHAT Analysis of a Collaborative Professional Inquiry Project with Biology Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher quality largely determines student outcomes and many argue for high quality teacher training and professional development (PD). Much PD has been heavily critiqued and what constitutes effective provision for teachers remains contested. Disenfranchisement of teachers, through neglect of prior expertise and failure to acknowledge teachers'…

McNicholl, Jane

2013-01-01

486

Preparing the Teacher of Tomorrow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggested ways of planning and conducting high quality teacher preparation programs are discussed under major headings of student selection, sequential courses and experiences, and program design. (HD)

Hemp, Paul E.

1976-01-01

487

Teacher Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines why teachers should be evaluated, how teacher evaluation is perceived, and how teacher evaluation can be approached, focusing on the improvement of teacher competency rather than defining a teacher as "good" or "bad." Since the primary professional activity of a teacher is teaching, the major concern of teacher evaluation is…

Saif, Philip

488

Contradictions and tensions in the place of teachers in educational reform: reflections on teacher preparation in the USA and Namibia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines recent education and teacher education reforms in the USA and Namibia and analyzes two tensions that have been a central part of debates about teacher quality and teacher education in many parts of the world: whether we should prepare teachers as technicians or as reflective practitioners; and whether we should prepare teachers for teacher?centered or learner?centered instruction.

Ken Zeichner; Bekisizwe Ndimande

2008-01-01

489

Factors that Predict Quality Classroom Technology Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite technological advancements intended to enhance teaching and learning in the 21st century, numerous teacher and school factors continue to impede quality classroom technology use. Determining the effectiveness of educational technology is challenging and requires a detailed understanding of multifaceted, complex, contextual relationships.…

Hastings, Tricia A.

2009-01-01

490

The Science and Math Teacher Imperative: The Need for Science Faculty Participation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Access to quality mathematics and science instruction is a key factor in preparing all students to compete in post-secondary education. Highly qualified pre-college math and science teachers are essential for preparing students who aspire to careers in science, technology, engineering, mathematics and medicine. As part of the efforts of major state universities to enhance the supply of secondary math and science teachers, the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges (NASULGC) has developed the Science and Mathematics Teacher Imperative. Objectives of the Teacher Imperative are to leverage the growing interest in science teacher preparation by universities and build collaborations with key education and government leaders in states to collectively address this critical national problem. The Imperative has begun compiling substantial information on model university teacher preparation programs that involve science faculty. The program seeks to engage faculty further through efforts with professional societies such as the American Chemical Society and the American Physical Society.

Frederick, John

2008-09-16

491

A Teacher-Focused Approach to Prevent and Reduce Students' Aggressive Behavior  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this article is to describe the GREAT (Guiding Responsibility and Expectations for Adolescents for Today and Tomorrow) Teacher Program, a prevention program for middle school teachers to deter students' aggressive behavior. It was developed on the basis of an ecologic understanding of aggression and on specific constructs of Social Cognitive Theory. The goals of the program were (1) to increase teacher awareness of different types of aggression, risk factors, role of the classroom teacher, and influence of the school climate on the child's behavior; (2) to develop strategies that will prevent aggression; (3) to improve teacher management skills to reduce power struggles and aggression; and (4) to enhance skills to assist students who are the targets of aggression. To accomplish these goals, teachers participated in a 12-hour workshop and 10 support group sessions. Training, manuals, and supervision were provided to maintain program integrity and to assure the quality of implementation. PMID:14732185

Orpinas, Pamela; Home, Arthur M.

2009-01-01

492

Grading the Teachers' Teachers: Higher Education Comes under Scrutiny  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Plans by the National Council on Teacher Quality to rate all teacher preparation programs in the country and publish the results in "U.S. News & World Report" have been met with concern and skepticism, but also gained some converts. Proponents say the effort can only help teachers' colleges improve, while detractors say the methods and research…

Dillon, Erin; Silva, Elena

2011-01-01

493

The Liberal Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies qualities of an ideal liberal teacher, including capability of giving a liberal education, living well, exhibiting orderly habits, possessing humane values, and believing in the power of the mind. Difficulties in becoming a good teacher are discussed. Available from: College of Education, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011.…

Highet, Gilbert

1976-01-01

494

Teacher Paperwork Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of experienced teachers sought to determine the extent to which they felt they were required to do more paperwork than before the passage of Georgia's Quality Basic Education Act of 1985 (QBE), whether they felt burdened by it, and who they felt is responsible for requiring it. It also gathered information on teachers' specific paperwork…

Moughon, Anne; Gay, Karen

495

Disrupting Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are increasingly recognized as the most important in-school factor in student achievement, yet the quality of the country's K-12 teaching force is not up to snuff. Much of the blame has been placed on education schools, which have come under fire for failing to produce enough high-performing teachers. Both initial certification…

Liu, Meredith

2013-01-01

496

TEDS-M Encyclopedia: A Guide to Teacher Education Context, Structure, and Quality Assurance in 17 Countries. Findings from the IEA Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics (TEDS-M)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The IEA Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics (TEDS-M) is the first large-scale international study of the preparation of primary and lower-secondary teachers. The study investigated the pedagogical and subject-specific knowledge that future primary and lower secondary school teachers acquire during their mathematics teacher

Schwille, John, Ed.; Ingvarson, Lawrence, Ed.; Holdgreve-Resendez, Richard, Ed.

2013-01-01

497

Rewarding Teachers without Pay Increases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's educational institutions should establish a system of intrinsic rewards for teachers and other staff. This article reviews research on intrinsic motivators, including Deming's total quality concepts, and recommends providing teachers with more individualized instruction, reorganizing faculty supervision practices, giving teachers greater…

Hayden, Gary

1993-01-01

498

Efficacy of Flaxseed Flour as Bind Enhancing Agent on the Quality of Extended Restructured Mutton Chops  

PubMed Central

Consumers have become very conscious about their nutrition and well being due to changes in their socio-economic lifestyle and rapid urbanization. Therefore, development of technology for production of low cost and functional meat products is urgently required. One such approach is innovative restructuring technology in which binding of meat pieces still remains the main challenge and extension of product is generally associated with poor binding and texture. Thus, the present study was envisaged as an attempt to solve this problem by the incorporation of flaxseed flour (FF) as bind enhancing agent. The FF was used at three different levels viz., 0.5%, 1%, and 1.5% to replace lean meat in pre-standardized restructured mutton chops formulation. The products were subjected to analysis for physico-chemical, sensory and textural properties. Cooking yield, moisture percentage and fat percentage increased with increase in the level of incorporation of FF, however, protein percent and pH decreased with increase in the level of incorporation. Shear force value of product incorporated with 1.5% FF was significantly higher (p<0.01) than control and product containing 0.5% FF level. Among the sensory attributes, product with 1% flaxseed flour showed significantly higher values (p<0.05) for general appearance, binding, texture and overall acceptability. Hardness showed significant increasing (p<0.01) values with increasing levels of incorporation of flaxseed flour, however all other parameters of texture profile analysis showed a decreasing trend. On the basis of sensory scores and physico-chemical properties, the optimum incorporation level of FF was adjudged as 1%. Products incorporated with optimum level of flaxseed flour (1%) were also assessed for water activity and microbiological quality during the storage period of 15 days. It was found that the extended restructured product could be safely stored under refrigeration (4°C±1°C) in low density polyethylene (LDPE) pouches for 15 days without marked deterioration in sensory and microbiological quality. Thus, it was concluded that flaxseed flour can be used as a good bind enhancing agent in extended restructured meat products at an economic cost. PMID:25049949

Sharma, Heena; Sharma, Brahma Deo; Mendiratta, S. K.; Talukder, Suman; Ramasamy, Giriprasad

2014-01-01

499

New opportunities for quality enhancing of images captured by passive THz camera  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As it is well-known, the passive THz camera allows seeing concealed object without contact with a person and this camera is non-dangerous for a person. Obviously, efficiency of using the passive THz camera depends on its temperature resolution. This characteristic specifies possibilities of the detection for concealed object: minimal size of the object; maximal distance of the detection; image quality. Computer processing of the THz image may lead to many times improving of the image quality without any additional engineering efforts. Therefore, developing of modern computer code for its application to THz images is urgent problem. Using appropriate new methods one may expect such temperature resolution which will allow to see banknote in pocket of a person without any real contact. Modern algorithms for computer processing of THz images allow also to see object inside the human body using a temperature trace on the human skin. This circumstance enhances essentially opportunity of passive THz camera applications for counterterrorism problems. We demonstrate opportunities, achieved at present time, for the detection both of concealed objects and of clothes components due to using of computer processing of images captured by passive THz cameras, manufactured by various companies. Another important result discussed in the paper consists in observation of both THz radiation emitted by incandescent lamp and image reflected from ceramic floorplate. We consider images produced by THz passive cameras manufactured by Microsemi Corp., and ThruVision Corp., and Capital Normal University (Beijing, China). All algorithms for computer processing of the THz images under consideration in this paper were developed by Russian part of author list. Keywords: THz wave, passive imaging camera, computer processing, security screening, concealed and forbidden objects, reflected image, hand seeing, banknote seeing, ceramic floorplate, incandescent lamp.

Trofimov, Vyacheslav A.; Trofimov, Vladislav V.

2014-10-01

500

Improving Educational Quality in Maumee Schools: The Project to Design Teacher Incentive Structures. Final Report: Secretary's Discretionary Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report of a collaborative project to design teacher incentive structures describes the procedural development and results of studies conducted by participants composed of public and private school representatives, community members, the University of Toledo, and others. Part 1 includes details of such project planning processes as…

Gress, James R.; And Others