Sample records for teacher quality enhancement

  1. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

  2. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

  3. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

  4. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

  5. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

  6. Teachers’ Conceptions of Quality and Organisational Values in Higher Education: Compliance or Enhancement?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleijnen, Jan; Dolmans, Diana; Willems, Jos; Van Hout, Hans

    2013-01-01

    Teachers are often assumed to have a negative attitude towards quality endeavours of their institutions and to hold defensive organisational values. However, there is little empirical research on this issue. This study focuses on teachers' conceptions of quality, on their preferred organisational values and on the relationships between the two. A…

  7. A Project to Enhance Superintendents' Knowledge and Application of Characteristics of High Quality Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pummill, Bret L.; Edson, Jerry C.; Loftin, Michelle M.; Robinson, Matthew A.

    2011-01-01

    This report describes a problem based learning project focusing on superintendents' knowledge of the characteristics of high quality teachers. Current research findings offer evidence teacher quality is an important school variable related to student achievement. School district leaders are faced with the problem of identifying the characteristics…

  8. Teacher Quality Toolkit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lauer, Patricia A.; Dean, Ceri B.

    2004-01-01

    This Teacher Quality Toolkit aims to support the continuum of teacher learning by providing tools that institutions of higher education, districts, and schools can use to improve both preservice and inservice teacher education. The toolkit incorporates McREL?s accumulated knowledge and experience related to teacher quality and standards-based…

  9. Gains in Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Walch, Joe

    2014-01-01

    The quality of the teacher workforce in the United States is of considerable concern to education stakeholders and policymakers. Numerous studies show that student academic success depends in no small part on access to high-quality teachers. Many pundits point to the fact that in the United States, teachers tend not to be drawn from the top of the…

  10. Sorting out Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mary M.

    2008-01-01

    Teacher quality has become a hot topic. Everyone wants to measure it, reward it, or improve it. One reason for this interest is the evidence that teachers differ dramatically in their ability to raise student test scores. Another reason for the current interest in teacher quality is that recent No Child Left Behind requirements focus on highly…

  11. Enhanced Teacher Training Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrington, Ingrid

    2013-01-01

    Teacher preparation and preparedness have been the focus of much research connecting quality teaching and learning, retention, and teacher satisfaction (Halsey, 2005; Hayes, Mills, Christie, & Lingard, 2006; MCEETYA, 2006). The successful recruitment and retention of teachers to rural and remote schools Australia-wide has been problematic for…

  12. Physics Teacher Quality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wallace, Andrew; Bixler, David

    2010-03-01

    Physics Teacher Quality at Angelo State University (ASU) and Education Service Center Region XV is funded through a US Department of Education grant. In this program secondary science teachers from local and rural districts within Region XV learn and practice physics and principles of technology concepts emphasized in the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), improve practice of 5E model of guided inquiry, and complete activity-based laboratories and field investigations. Investigations include field and laboratory safety, environmental responsibility, ethical practices, application of scientific methods to open-ended problems encountered in the physical sciences, and critical thinking and problem solving. Teachers are assessed through pre- and post- testing, lab practicum, and classroom observation over a two-year cycle. Assessment data from 2004 through 2008 indicates Physics Teacher Quality is changing teaching behavior in the secondary classroom.

  13. 34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...definition of a high-need LEA. Main assignment field means the academic field in which teachers have the largest percentage of their classes. Significant course work means four or more college-or graduate-level...

  14. 34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...definition of a high-need LEA. Main assignment field means the academic field in which teachers have the largest percentage of their classes. Significant course work means four or more college-or graduate-level...

  15. A Common Vision: Teacher Quality Enhancement in the Middle Grades in Illinois. Collaborating for Success: Lessons Learned from Illinois' TQE Grant Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klostermann, Brenda K.; Presley, Jennifer B.

    2005-01-01

    Findings are presented from our case study evaluating the implementation of the IBHE's federally funded grant, "A Common Vision: Teacher Quality Enhancement in the Middle Grades in Illinois." Four sites were examined in terms of how they organized to attain the grant goals, and what aspects of organizational culture and leadership behavior…

  16. Teacher Quality. An Issue Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Anne E.

    On September 30, 1986, 22 educators met in a forum on the Quality of Teaching in Puerto Rico to examine the problem of declining quality in the teaching force. Specifically, participants were concerned about working conditions, preparation, and professional development of teachers. After identifying the causes for the decline of teacher quality in…

  17. Teacher Quality and Teacher Mobility. Working Paper 57

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feng, Li; Sass, Tim

    2011-01-01

    Using matched student-teacher panel data from the state of Florida, the authors study the determinants of teacher job change and the impact of such mobility on the distribution of teacher quality. The probability a teacher stays at a school increases the more productive they are in their current school. The quality of teachers who exit teaching…

  18. Balancing Teacher Quality and Quantity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bond, Helen

    The world is facing a shortage of trained teachers. According to the 2010 Global Monitoring Report approximately 10.3 million teachers will be needed globally to staff classrooms from Bangkok to Canada. The situation is worse in Sub-Saharan Africa. Estimates suggest that approximately 1.2 million new teachers will be needed in Sub-Saharan Africa alone to achieve universal primary education goals by 2015. Increases in primary school enrollments, drought, and HIV-AIDS have exacerbated the need for well trained teachers. Despite the need, the focus is on balancing quality with quantity. An effective teacher is deemed a critical element, although not the only one, in a student's success in the classroom. This paper focuses on the dilemma of meeting universal primary education goals in Sub-Saharan Africa, while maintaining teacher quality in fragile contexts.

  19. Education Quality and Teacher Salary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Land, Arthur J.

    In view of the emphasis on money as a motivator mentioned in reports examining theoretical notions about teacher motivation, this paper focuses on the efficacy of using salary to attract quality teacher candidates. Although standarized testing and internship programs often supplement inadequate certification requirements, critics question the…

  20. Teacher Quality in Canada. SAEE Research Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Susan M.

    This report examines the impact of teacher quality on student achievement in Canada, analyzing current research, practices, and innovations to provide a better understanding of the complexity of teaching and effective teacher deployment. The nine chapters focus on: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Indicators of Teacher Quality" (defining teacher quality

  1. Raising the Bar: Ethics Education for Quality Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boon, Helen

    2011-01-01

    Since the 1970s an "ethics boom" has occurred to counter the disappearance of ethics education from tertiary institutions. This "boom" appears to be absent from teacher education programs in Australia and the United States. Given persistent calls to enhance teacher quality this is problematic because quality teaching is inexorably linked to…

  2. Teacher Quality Toolkit. 2nd Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lauer, Patricia A.; Dean, Ceri B.; Martin-Glenn, Mya L.; Asensio, Margaret L.

    2005-01-01

    The Teacher Quality Toolkit addresses the continuum of teacher learning by providing tools that can be used to improve both preservice, and inservice teacher education. Each chapter provides self assessment tools that can guide progress toward improved teacher quality and describes resources for designing exemplary programs and practices. Chapters…

  3. Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality. ERS Concerns in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan D.; Eide, Eric R.

    High-quality teachers play a significant role in improving student achievement. Compensation is a critical factor in attracting and retaining skilled teachers. This publication addresses the issues of the impact of teacher compensation and the factors that influence it. The book addressees teacher compensation from an economic perspective and…

  4. Administrator and Teacher Perceptions of the Qualities of Effective Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Robert Eugene

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine which qualities of effective teachers K-12 public school administrators and teachers in the United States perceive as having the greatest impact on student achievement. Stronge's (2007) meta-review of the qualities of effective teachers served as the framework for the study. An online survey based on that…

  5. Teacher self-efficacy in Cape Town : a bottom up approach to enhancing the quality of education

    E-print Network

    Kim, YeSeul

    2011-01-01

    Personal teacher self-efficacy (PTE), or the belief in one's own ability to overcome a particular challenge, often acts as a catalyst for teachers to improve the effectiveness of their teaching. Gaining PTE can translate ...

  6. Teachers as Designers of Technology Enhanced Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kali, Yael; McKenney, Susan; Sagy, Ornit

    2015-01-01

    While the benefits of teacher involvement in designing technology enhanced learning are acknowledged in the literature, far less is known about shaping that involvement to yield those benefits. Research is needed to understand how teachers learn through design; how teacher design activities may be supported; and how teacher involvement in design…

  7. Preparing Quality Teachers: Making Learning Visible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McArdle, Felicity

    2010-01-01

    Teacher quality is recognised as a lynchpin for education reforms internationally, and both Federal and State governments in Australia have turned their attention to teacher education institutions: the starting point for preparing quality teachers. Changes to policy and shifts in expectations impact on Faculties of Education, despite the fact that…

  8. Taking Teacher Quality Seriously: A Collaborative Approach to Teacher Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karp, Stan

    2012-01-01

    If narrow, test-based evaluation of teachers is unfair, unreliable, and has negative effects on kids, classrooms, and curricula, what's a better approach? By demonizing teachers and unions, and sharply polarizing the education debate, the corporate reform movement has actually undermined serious efforts to improve teacher quality and evaluation.…

  9. Teacher Quality. Education Policy White Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Suzanne, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    Good teaching matters. There is persuasive evidence that students benefit from high quality instruction and that these benefits are cumulative for students who have good teachers for several years. Teacher effectiveness matters so much that low-income students lucky enough to have three very good teachers in a row in elementary school earn test…

  10. Assessing the Quality of Teachers' Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Weiyun; Mason, Stephen; Staniszewski, Christina; Upton, Ashley; Valley, Megan

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the extent to which nine elementary physical education teachers implemented the quality of teaching practices. Thirty physical education lessons taught by the nine teachers to their students in grades K-5 were videotaped. Four investigators coded the taped lessons using the Assessing Quality Teaching Rubric (AQTR) designed and…

  11. Teacher Quality: Sustained Coordination among Key Federal Education Programs Could Enhance State Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality. Report to the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Higher Education, Lifelong Learning, and Competitiveness, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. GAO-09-593

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Government Accountability Office, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Policymakers and researchers have focused on improving the quality of our nation's 3 million teachers to raise the achievement of students in key academic areas, such as reading and mathematics. Given the importance of teacher quality to student achievement and the key role federal and state governments play in supporting teacher quality, GAO's…

  12. The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) based at Montana State University offers graduate-credit science and mathematics courses to teachers nationally. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, NTEN allows educators to participate in the telecomputing courses from home or work through direct Internet access or dial-up modem connections. Courses are taught by university scientists, engineers, and mathematicians. NTEN also enhances professional networking nationwide between science teachers and active research scientists. The site offers telecomputing guides for both students and teachers, and online teaching experiences written by course instructors.

  13. Raising Teacher Quality around the World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Vivien

    2011-01-01

    Contrary to what many people assume, writes Stewart, a high-quality teacher workforce is not the simple result of some traditional cultural respect for teachers that exists in some countries. Rather, it requires deliberate policy choices. In a tour of seven countries that traditionally score high on international tests of student performance…

  14. Enhancing and Sustaining Teacher Professionalism in Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rizvi, Meher; Elliott, Bob

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a conceptual framework for fostering teacher professionalism in Government primary schools in Karachi, Pakistan. The framework identifies various stages for enhancing and sustaining teacher professionalism. These stages have been derived from in-depth multiple case studies of four Government primary schools in Karachi where…

  15. Teacher Structure and Child Care Quality in Preschool Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shim, Jonghee; Hestenes, Linda; Cassidy, Deborah

    2004-01-01

    The present study examined the relationships between teacher structure, teacher behaviors, and child care quality. Participants included 72 female teachers from 44 preschool classrooms. Both a global measure of quality and a measure of teacher-child interaction were utilized. Results showed that a co-teacher structure was associated with higher…

  16. Using Technology To Enhance Teacher Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedras, Melvin J.; Horton, Jeff

    This paper discusses the use of technology, including computers and media tools, to enhance teacher education. Benefits of technology in the classroom are considered, particularly increasing student and instructor motivation, enhancing the learning process and instruction, and facilitating classroom management and organization. Technological…

  17. Building Teacher Quality in the Kansas City, Missouri School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corso, Aileen; Franck, Valerie; Kelliher, Kate; McCorry, Betsy

    2011-01-01

    This study looks at the policies and practices shaping teacher quality in the Kansas City, Missouri School District (KCMSD). It is part of a series of analyses by the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) in school districts across the nation. Framing this analysis are five policy goals for improving teacher quality: (1) Staffing. Teacher

  18. Writing Quality Teacher-Made Tests: A Handbook for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jane M.

    This manual is designed to assist both special and regular educators with mastering the skills for developing quality teacher-made tests consistent with content-oriented instruction. The manual presents tips for constructing both objective and subjective, supply and select test questions--namely, short answer, essay, fill in the blanks or…

  19. TAPping into High Quality Teachers: Preliminary Results from the Teacher Advancement Program Comprehensive School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schacter, John; Thum, Yeow Meng

    2005-01-01

    The Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) is a comprehensive school reform with the goal to attract, retain, and motivate quality teachers. By aggressively recruiting new teachers, providing a career continuum, introducing teacher-led professional development, implementing rigorous teacher accountability, and paying teachers based on their position,…

  20. Activities Underway To Improve Teacher Training, but Reporting on These Activities Could Be Enhanced. Report to Congressional Committees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashby, Cornelia M.

    This report examines two components of federal legislation to enhance teaching quality by improving the training of prospective teachers and the qualifications of current teachers. One component provides grants, and the other (the accountability provisions) requires collecting and reporting information the quality of teacher training programs and…

  1. Teacher Preparation for Quality Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollins, Etta R.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author presents a holistic practice-based approach, consisting of two parts, to preparing candidates for quality teaching. The first part describes the essential knowledge, skills, and habits of mind for quality teaching. The emphasis is on understanding the learning process as influenced by the cultural and experiential…

  2. Teaching Quality and Performance among Experienced Teachers in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abd Hamid, Siti Rafiah; Syed Hassan, Sharifah Sariah; Ismail, Nik Ahmad Hisham

    2012-01-01

    The role of teachers has evolved from merely being teacher-centered to one that is student centered and the skills required for a quality teacher are changing too. Assessing teacher's effectiveness will not be a straight forward attempt by solely examining students' achievements or students' perceptions of their teachers' attributes. A careful…

  3. Boundaries and Applications: The Teacher Quality Debate in America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgman, Matthew R.

    2012-01-01

    The teacher quality debate in America remains an important one. Many feel that teachers are leaving teacher preparation programs without the appropriate knowledge and skills to be effective classroom practitioners. School districts have spent a considerable amount of time and economic resources addressing the teacher quality provisions of No Child…

  4. Teacher Quality and Quality Teaching: Examining the Relationship of a Teacher Assessment to Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Heather C.; Umland, Kristin; Litke, Erica; Kapitula, Laura R.

    2012-01-01

    Multiple-choice assessments are frequently used for gauging teacher quality. However, research seldom examines whether results from such assessments generalize to practice. To illuminate this issue, we compare teacher performance on a mathematics assessment, during mathematics instruction, and by student performance on a state assessment. Poor…

  5. Characteristics of High-Quality Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Jason E.; Gulek, James C.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of high-quality teachers who used a structured mathematics program for teaching, namely the Math Achievement Program (MAP[superscript 2]D), which demonstrated significant gains on student achievement as measured by California's Standards Test (CST) in mathematics. Specifically, the…

  6. Governing Quality in Teacher Education: Deconstructing Federal Text and Talk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Hunt, Hyland

    2007-01-01

    Two dueling national agendas characterize discussions surrounding teacher quality and teacher education reform. For professionalists, teacher quality is synonymous with meeting a set of professional standards. For deregulationists, these standards are roadblocks that deter high-quality candidates from pursuing jobs in teaching. Despite differences…

  7. Enhanced Stream Water Quality

    EPA Science Inventory

    ***QUAL2E is not included in the current version of BASINS*** QUAL2E is a steady state and quasi-dynamic water quality model for the simulation of point source impact on water quality including nitrogen and phosphorus cycling, dissolved oxygen and BOD, algae, fecal c...

  8. Teachers' Opinions on Quality Criteria for Competency Assessment Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

    2007-01-01

    Quality control policies towards Dutch vocational schools have changed dramatically because the government questioned examination quality. Schools must now demonstrate assessment quality to a new Examination Quality Center. Since teachers often design assessments, they must be involved in quality issues. This study therefore explores teachers'…

  9. Teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isabel Huet; José Tavares; George Weir

    Increasing attention to quality and innovation in Higher Education (HE) is enhancing the pedagogic knowledge of faculty members and thereby encouraging the academic success of their students. This aim requires, from the institution and teachers, a greater degree of involvement than was previously the case. This is certainly borne out by experience in Portuguese universities. The growing concern of engineers

  10. Teacher Quality and Teaching Quality of 7th-Grade Algebra I Honors Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    With more and more focus on accountability, algebra achievement has become a major focus of math curriculum developers. In many states, students are expected to pass standardized Algebra achievement tests in order to satisfy graduation requirements. The purpose of this study was to identify teacher qualities and teaching qualities linked to…

  11. High school teacher enhancement in the sciences

    SciTech Connect

    Mohamed, A. [Jackson State Univ., MS (United States). School of Science and Technology] [Jackson State Univ., MS (United States). School of Science and Technology; Shepard, R.L. [Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)] [Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-03-01

    As part of an effort to improve the teaching of science in a four-State region (Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas), the Science and Engineering Alliance (SEA) initiated a series of teacher enhancement workshops in science. The workshops focus on teaching problem solving through experience gained in laboratory, field work, classroom discussions and interactions/debates, critical analysis of the literature, obtaining a greater appreciation of the application of mathematics in science, and interactions with experts in various fields of science.

  12. Longitudinal Effects of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Teacher-Student Relationship Qualities on Academic Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Jan N.

    2011-01-01

    The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher-student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self-views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and…

  13. Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1900-01-01

    The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) offers online, graduate-level science courses from a world-class public research university. NTEN was one of the first online professional development programs for K-12 teachers, and has offered courses sin

  14. Colonised by Quality? Teacher Identities in a Research-Led Institution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skelton, Alan

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the impact of quality assurance and enhancement initiatives on teacher identities in higher education. Data from an interview-based study of a research-led institution in the United Kingdom are drawn upon to consider the implications of quality--for example, whether it has captured the inner assumptive worlds of higher…

  15. Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in Springfield, Massachusetts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

    2011-01-01

    At the request of the Massachusetts Business Alliance for Education, and with additional support from the Springfield Business Leaders for Education, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) undertook this analysis of teacher policies in the Springfield Public Schools. It is important to consider this examination of teacher policies in the…

  16. Quality Teacher Education via Distance Mode: A Caribbean Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Winnifred M.; Marrett, Christine

    1996-01-01

    Reports on a study of the University of the West Indies Distance Teaching Experiment, which offers preservice teacher education via distance education using an interactive teleconference network. Surveys of participating teachers (n=169) indicated that the network had several of the desired infrastructures in place for conducting quality teacher

  17. An Inquiry into Teacher Behaviors That Enhance Student Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Onwugbenu, Paschal

    2013-01-01

    This study, which was conducted with a mixed methods approach, identified specific teacher behaviors that enhance student engagement as perceived by the students. Students were asked to rate the behaviors they found as boosting their engagement in class as exhibited by their best teacher in the school (Best Teacher Overall), and their best…

  18. Interactive Video Technology: Enhancing Professional Learning in Initial Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Brian; Mitchell, Nick; Adamczyk, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The University of Sussex In-School Teacher Education Project (InSTEP) uses interactive video technologies to enhance initial teacher education programmes for science trainee teachers. With four Internet Protocol cameras and mounted microphones in both school laboratories and the university teaching room, trainees and their tutors have access to…

  19. Assessing Teacher Quality: Understanding Teacher Effects on Instruction and Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Sean, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Recent educational reforms have promoted accountability systems which attempt to identify "teacher effects" on student outcomes and hold teachers accountable for producing learning gains. But in the complex world of classrooms, it may be difficult to attribute "success" or "failure" to teachers. In this timely collection, leading education…

  20. From Teacher Education to Student Progress: Teacher Quality since NCLB. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shober, Arnold F.

    2012-01-01

    The concept of "teacher quality" has undergone a profound transformation in the last decade. Through the late 1990s, most policymakers assumed that educator effectiveness was immeasurable and that our only hopes to increase it were tied to classroom experience and academic credentials. Yet since 2001, through a series of notable research findings,…

  1. Facilitating the Teacher Quality Gap? Collective Bargaining Agreements, Teacher Hiring and Transfer Rules, and Teacher Assignment among Schools in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koski, William S.; Horng, Eileen L.

    2007-01-01

    Certain studies and the California legislature have recently concluded that seniority preference rules in teacher collective bargaining agreements facilitate a teacher "quality gap" by permitting senior teachers to transfer to schools with higher-performing and more affluent children. This study examines the effects of such transfer rules on the…

  2. Austin, Texas: An Educator/Business Collaboration in Support of Teacher Compensation Reform. Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality: Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Committee for Economic Development, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In its 2009 report "Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality," the Committee for Economic Development urged business leaders to be active participants in school district deliberations about teacher compensation policies. The Committee for Economic Development (CED) noted that "business leaders can make the case to the public that current policies…

  3. Teacher-Child Relationship Quality: The Roles of Child Temperament and Teacher-Child Interactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.

    2009-01-01

    Young children's relationships with teachers predict social and academic success. This study examines contributions of child temperament (shyness, effortful control) and gender to teacher-child relationship quality both directly and indirectly through the frequency of teacher-child interactions in the classroom. Using an NICHD SECCYD sample of 819…

  4. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Utah State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Utah edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  5. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Minnesota State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Minnesota edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  6. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. North Carolina State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This North Carolina edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  7. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Indiana State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Indiana edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  8. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Idaho State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Idaho edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  9. Effective Teacher Qualities from International Mathematics, Science, and Computer Teachers' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahin, Alpaslan; Adiguzel, Tufan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how international teachers, who were from overseas but taught in the United States, rate effective teacher qualities in three domains; personal, professional, and classroom management skills. The study includes 130 international mathematics, science, and computer teachers who taught in a multi-school…

  10. Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Public Schools Keeping Their Best?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we examine the mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality, measured using value-added estimates of teacher performance. Unlike previous studies that have examined these issues, we focus on the variation in these effects across the effectiveness distribution. We find that, on average, more effective teachers tend to stay in…

  11. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Rhode Island State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Rhode Island edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  12. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. North Dakota State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This North Dakota edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  13. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Montana State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Montana edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  14. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. West Virginia State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This West Virginia edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  15. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Pennsylvania State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Pennsylvania edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  16. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Delaware State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Delaware edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  17. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Illinois State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Illinois edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  18. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Kansas State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Kansas edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  19. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Nevada State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Nevada edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  20. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Virginia State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Virginia edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  1. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Missouri State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Missouri edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  2. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. New Mexico State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This New Mexico edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  3. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Florida State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Florida edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  4. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Iowa State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Iowa edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  5. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Colorado State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Colorado edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  6. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Maine State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Maine edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  7. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Mississippi State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Mississippi edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  8. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. California State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This California edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  9. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Hawaii State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Hawaii edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  10. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Massachusetts State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Massachusetts edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  11. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Connecticut State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Connecticut edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  12. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Alabama State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Alabama edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  13. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Louisiana State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Louisiana edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  14. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Alaska State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Alaska edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  15. In Pursuit of Teacher Quality: Three Models of Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dandy, Evelyn; O'Dell, Sandra; McKinney, Marilyn; Perkins, Peggy G.; Miller, Susan Peterson; Reiman, Alan; Peace, Sandra DeAngelis; Williams, Doris Terry; Duncan, JoAnn Hines

    This document is comprised of three papers by various authors, summarizing three different models of programs that successfully promote teacher quality that were introduced at the National Conference on Teacher Quality in January 2000, hosted by the U.S. Department of Education. The first program described, the Pathways to Teaching Program of…

  16. The Equitable Distribution of High-Quality Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bumgardner, Stan

    2010-01-01

    A new report by the National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality (TQ Center) highlights efforts across the nation to address a key point in the No Child Left Behind law and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)--the equitable distribution of high-quality teachers across all schools. Research consistently has pointed to effective…

  17. Conceptualising and Evaluating Teacher Quality: Substantive and Methodological Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ingvarson, Lawrence; Rowe, Ken

    2008-01-01

    Whereas findings from recent research highlight the importance of teacher quality in improving students' academic performances and experiences of schooling, substantive and methodological issues surrounding the conceptualisation and evaluation of "teacher quality" are not well understood. Such deficiencies are particularly evident in claims for…

  18. The Assessment of Mathematics and Science Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moyer-Packenham, Patricia S.; Bolyard, Johnna J.; Kitsantas, Anastasia; Oh, Hana

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the types of instruments being used to document mathematics and science teacher quality characteristics in 48 nationally funded mathematics and science education awards. Each of the 48 projects operationalized teacher quality and determined how to assess it. The main research questions examined the…

  19. Conceptualising and evaluating teacher quality : substantive and methodological issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence Ingvarson; Ken Rowe

    2008-01-01

    Whereas findings from recent research highlight the importance of teacher quality in improving students' academic performances and experiences of schooling, substantive and methodological issues surrounding the conceptualisation and evaluation of teacher quality are not well understood. Such deficiencies are particularly evident in claims for 'findings' derived from econometric research - especially from those studies that merely employ conceptualisations and proxy

  20. The Elusiveness of Teacher Quality: A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Certification and Student Achievement in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiseman, Alexander W.; Al-bakr, Fawziah

    2013-01-01

    In national education systems worldwide, teacher quality has become synonymous with education reform efforts, but a more elusive goal is empirically measuring teacher quality. One proposed measure of teacher quality, teacher licensing, also known as certification, is an increasingly ubiquitous component of national education systems and…

  1. Quality Science Teacher Professional Development and Student Achievement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dubner, J.

    2007-12-01

    Studies show that socio-economic background and parental education accounts for 50-60 percent of a child's achievement in school. School, and other influences, account for the remaining 40-50 percent. In contrast to most other professions, schools require no real apprenticeship training of science teachers. Overall, only 38 percent of United States teachers have had any on-the-job training in their first teaching position, and in some cases this consisted of a few meetings over the course of a year between the beginning teacher and the assigned mentor or master teacher. Since individual teachers determine the bulk of a student's school experiences, interventions focused on teachers have the greatest likelihood of affecting students. To address this deficiency, partnerships between scientists and K-12 teachers are increasingly recognized as an excellent method for improving teacher preparedness and the quality of science education. Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers' (founded in 1990) basic premise is simple: teachers cannot effectively teach science if they have no firsthand experience doing science, hence the Program's motto, "Practice what you teach." Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers provides strong evidence that a teacher research program is a very effective form of professional development for secondary school science teachers and has a direct correlation to increased student achievement in science. The author will present the methodology of the program's evaluation citing statistically significant data. The author will also show the economic benefits of teacher participation in this form of professional development.

  2. Shortchanging Rural Teachers. Teaching Quality: RESEARCH MATTERS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southeast Center for Teaching Quality, Chapel Hill, NC.

    This brief examines problems staffing rural schools and discusses the importance of teacher education in producing effective reading teachers. Over 31 percent of public schools are in rural areas, comprising over 49 percent of public school systems. Rural districts have difficulty recruiting teachers because they generally have lower salaries,…

  3. Longitudinal Effects of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Teacher-Student Relationship Qualities on Academic Adjustment

    PubMed Central

    Hughes, Jan N.

    2010-01-01

    The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and conflict showed low correspondence. As a block, teacher and student reports of TSRQ predicted all outcomes, above prior performance on that outcome and background variables. Student reports uniquely predicted school belonging, perceived academic competence, and math achievement. Teacher reports uniquely predicted behavioral engagement and child perceived academic competence. Teacher and student reports of the teacher-student relationship assess largely different constructs that predict different outcomes. Implications of findings for practice and research are discussed. PMID:21984843

  4. Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Schools Keeping Their Best? Working Paper 29

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Most studies that have fueled alarm over the attrition and mobility rates of teachers have relied on proxy indicators of teacher quality, even though these proxies correlate only weakly with student performance. This paper examines the attrition and mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality using value-added measures of teacher

  5. Out-of-Field Teaching: A Cross-National Study on Teacher Labor Market and Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Yisu

    2012-01-01

    In the past two decades, the issue of out-of-field teaching (OFT) has concerned policy makers and researchers alike who see raising teachers' subject matter knowledge as the main policy lever to improve teacher quality. The study of OFT has emerged as one of the important subfields of teacher quality and teacher labour market research.…

  6. Priorities of Higher Education Quality Improvement: Student and Teacher Attitude

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savickiene, Izabela

    2006-01-01

    Higher education quality improvement is a constant and continuous university activity and its implementation should be given a priority. This article analyses the most important tasks set at three Lithuanian universities seeking to improve higher education quality: the improvement of higher education quality assurance system, teacher professional…

  7. Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in LAUSD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

    2011-01-01

    At the request of the United Way of Greater Los Angeles, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) undertook this analysis of the teacher policies in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). A coalition of civil rights groups were also involved in this project, including Parent Organization Network, Families in Schools, Alliance for a…

  8. 156 KAPPA DELTA PI RECORD u OCTDEC 2012 Teacher Quality

    E-print Network

    Texas at Austin. University of

    156 KAPPA DELTA PI RECORD u OCT­DEC 2012 Teacher Quality Michael Marder is Professor of Physics since expanded to more than 30 other universities. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 48: 156­161, 2012 Copyright © Kappa Delta Pi ISSN: 0022-8958 print/2163-1611 online DOI 10.1080/00228958.2012.733929 Measuring Teacher

  9. Teacher Quality: What's Wrong with U.S. Strategy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Marc

    2012-01-01

    In this commentary, Tucker asserts that countries that perform well on international comparisons of student achievement all take a different approach to ensuring teacher quality than the United States does. These top-performing countries have established high standards for getting into schools of education; they are moving teacher education…

  10. A Quality Teacher in Every Classroom: Creating a Teacher Evaluation System that Works for California. Perspectives from Accomplished California Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Board Resource Center at Stanford University, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The dire state of education funding in California and across the nation means stakeholders must be smarter than ever about how they use their resources. Since teacher quality has emerged as one of the most powerful variables in student success, the focus of policy reform must be on building the capacity of teachers--now and in the future--to meet…

  11. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. National Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Countless reports have analyzed the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 on teacher quality and student achievement. What many of these reports truly leave behind, however, is the reality that state governments--not the federal government--have the strongest impact on the work of America's 3.1 million teachers. With that in mind, three…

  12. Teacher Education around the World: Changing Policies and Practices. Teacher Quality and School Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darling-Hammond, Linda, Ed.; Lieberman, Ann, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Teachers are the most important single element of the education system but what does it take to create high quality teachers in today's world? Around the world, countries are struggling to understand how to change their schools to meet global demands. International comparisons have shown that schools in Finland lead the league tables, but why is…

  13. The Secretary's Seventh Annual Report on Teacher Quality: A Highly Qualified Teacher in Every Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This seventh report on the quality of America's teacher preparation programs and novice teachers presents data reported to the U.S. Department of Education (the Department) in October 2007 by all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the outlying areas, which include American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the…

  14. Teacher Resilience in High-Poverty Schools: How Do High-Quality Teachers Become Resilient?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, Kate Mansi

    2013-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to understand how high-quality teachers who began their career through Teach For America (TFA) became resilient while teaching in challenging, high-poverty schools. A secondary purpose of this study was to ascertain how, if at all, the teaching experiences of TFA teachers who stayed in the profession differed…

  15. Districts Abandon Grants Targeting Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

    2012-01-01

    Three big-city districts--Chicago, Milwaukee, and New York--have terminated federal grants aimed at promoting performance-based compensation plans and professional development for teachers and principals. Overall, the 2010 Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) grants to the three districts would have provided an $88 million payout over five years--nearly 7…

  16. Teacher organizational citizenship behaviours and job efficacy: Implications for student quality of school life.

    PubMed

    Jimmieson, Nerina L; Hannam, Rachel L; Yeo, Gillian B

    2010-08-01

    The present study investigated the impact of teachers' organizational citizenship behaviours (OCBs) on student quality of school life (SQSL) via the indirect effect of job efficacy. A measure of teacher OCBs was developed, tapping one dimension of individual-focused OCB (OCBI - student-directed behaviour) and two dimensions of organization-focused OCB (OCBO - civic virtue and professional development). In line with previous research suggesting that OCBs may enhance job efficacy, as well as studies demonstrating the positive effects of teacher efficacy on student outcomes, we expected an indirect relationship between teachers OCBs and SQSL via teachers' job efficacy. Hypotheses were tested in a multi-level design in which 170 teachers and their students (N=3,057) completed questionnaires. A significant proportion of variance in SQSL was attributable to classroom factors. Analyses revealed that the civic virtue and professional development behaviours of teachers were positively related to their job efficacy. The job efficacy of teachers also had a positive impact on all five indicators of SQSL. In regards to professional development, job efficacy acted as an indirect variable in the prediction of four student outcomes (i.e., general satisfaction, student-teacher relations, achievement, and opportunity) and fully mediated the direct negative effect on psychological distress. PMID:19807944

  17. Annual Report on Teacher Quality Released at the Evaluation Conference in D.C.

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Green, Marcia.

    In a speech at the first annual Teacher Quality Evaluation Conference (recently held in Washington, DC), US Secretary of Education Rod Paige urged all states to radically alter their teacher certification programs by increasing the standards and decreasing the barriers that currently keep many qualified candidates from pursing teaching careers. Paige's speech was based on results of the 78-page report to Congress entitled Meeting the Highly Qualified Teachers Challenge: The Secretary's Annual Report on Teacher Quality. Released Tuesday, June 11, 2002, this document is the first annual report to Congress on the state of teacher quality nationwide, as required by Title II of the Higher Education Act of 1998. The report is based on responses from state reports on teacher quality submitted to the Department of Education, and includes comprehensive data, by state, on certification and license requirements; statewide pass rates on assessments of 1999-2000 graduates preparation programs; number of teachers on waivers or emergency/temporary permits; teacher standards and their alignment with student standards; and state criteria for identifying low-performing schools of education.Like the No Child Left Behind Act, the Secretary's report elicits higher teacher standards in order to enhance the educational process. The report proposes that states require prospective teachers to pass rigorous exams in the subjects they plan to teach. "Research shows that teachers with strong academic backgrounds in specific content areas are more likely to boost the academic performance of their students in those subjects." To lower barriers, the report calls on states and institutions of higher learning to reshape their teacher preparation programs by eliminating some of their rigid certification requirements, such as the massive number of pedagogical courses required. For more information concerning the teacher quality evaluation conference, users may access the first two links above. For a copy of Paige's remarks at the conference and a copy of the report, viewers may access links three and four, respectively. Finally, the fifth link leads to the No Child Left Behind Web site, and the last link opens the Title II home page, which features state reports and other state materials.

  18. Perform or Else: The Performative Enhancement of Teacher Professionalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liew, Warren Mark

    2012-01-01

    The Singapore Ministry of Education's Enhanced Performance Management System (EPMS) was instituted in 2005 as a system of professional accountability to enhance the standards and stakes of teacher professionalism in schools. This essay explores how the EPMS, with its underlying paradigm of performance management, functions as a "technology of…

  19. SQUALE Software QUALity Enhancement Alexandre Bergel1

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SQUALE ­ Software QUALity Enhancement Alexandre Bergel1 , Simon Denier1 , Stéphane Ducasse1://www.squale.org The Squale project was born from industrial effort to control software quality. Its goals are to refine and en- hance Qualixo Model, a software-metric based quality model already used by large companies

  20. Teacher Quality Partnership Novice Teacher Studies Technical Report NTS 10-01 Research Brief 2007-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinnucan-Wesch, Kathryn; Franco, Suzanne; Hendricks, Martha S.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this technical report is to summarize the research methodology of the Novice Teacher Study (NTS) strand of the Teacher Quality Partnership (TQP) research. The Ohio TQP has embarked on a series of research studies to learn more about the characteristics of effective teachers and to identify the patterns of teacher performance in both…

  1. Teacher Quality Partnership Novice Teacher Study. Technical Report NTS 07-01: Research Brief, 2004-2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinnucan-Welsch, Kathryn; Currell, Cindy; Shervey, Beth; Hendricks, Martha S.; Erchick, Diana B.; Stroot, Sandra A.; Smith, Sonja; Franco, Suzanne

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this technical report is to summarize the research methodology of the Novice Teacher Study (NTS) strand of the Teacher Quality Partnership (TQP) research. The Ohio TQP embarked on a series of research studies to learn more about the characteristics of effective teachers and to identify the patterns of teacher performance in both…

  2. Improving teacher-child relationship quality and teacher-rated behavioral adjustment amongst externalizing preschoolers: effects of a two-component intervention.

    PubMed

    Vancraeyveldt, Caroline; Verschueren, Karine; Wouters, Sofie; Van Craeyevelt, Sanne; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Colpin, Hilde

    2015-02-01

    The school-based Playing-2-gether is a 12-week intervention with two components aimed at decreasing child externalizing behavior through improving teacher-child interactions. The first component is rooted in attachment theory and aimed at enhancing teacher-child relationship quality, and the second is based on learning theory and aimed at improving teachers' behavior management. In this three-wave randomized study, effects of Playing-2-gether on the teacher-child relationship quality and on teacher-rated child behavioral adjustment were investigated. To this aim, 175 dyads consisting of male preschoolers with relatively high levels of externalizing problem behavior and their teachers were randomly assigned to Playing-2-gether (n = 89) or an education-as-usual control condition (n = 86). Teacher-rated questionnaires were collected at pre-test, after the first intervention component, and at post-test. At post-test, the intervention group showed a larger decrease in teacher-child conflict, child conduct problems, and child hyperactivity/inattention. Supplementary analyses showed that all positive effects were already visible after the first intervention component and that teacher-child conflict, child conduct problems and hyperactivity/inattention did not further reduce during the second component. In addition, an increase in closeness was found following the first component, but subsequently disappeared at post-test. PMID:25028283

  3. Enhancing Student Teacher Reflective Practice through Poetry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowin, Kathleen M.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a seminar process in which poetry is used with student teachers to provide a focal point for reflection and introspection. Through this reflection process, students have been able to reflect deeply and personally on their student-teaching experiences, on their own personalities in the context of those experiences, and on…

  4. Recruiting and Hiring High-Quality Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Laughlin, Jim

    1999-01-01

    Faced with teacher shortages in some subject areas, a New Jersey district developed a comprehensive approach to increase the candidate pool, select superior candidates, and retain them once hired. Innovations include advertising on the Internet, accepting online applications, and encouraging students and nontraditional candidates to enter…

  5. Factors affecting enhanced video quality preferences

    PubMed Central

    Satgunam, PremNandhini; Woods, Russell L; Bronstad, P Matthew; Peli, Eli

    2013-01-01

    The development of video quality metrics requires methods for measuring perceived video quality. Most such metrics are designed and tested using databases of images degraded by compression and scored using opinion ratings. We studied video quality preferences for enhanced images of normally-sighted participants using the method of paired comparisons with a thorough statistical analysis. Participants (n=40) made pair-wise comparisons of high definition (HD) video clips enhanced at four different levels using a commercially available enhancement device. Perceptual scales were computed with binary logistic regression to estimate preferences for each level and to provide statistical inference of the differences among levels and the impact of other variables. While moderate preference for enhanced videos was found, two unexpected effects were also uncovered: (1) Participants could be broadly classified into two groups: those who preferred enhancement ("Sharp") and those who disliked enhancement ("Smooth"). (2) Enhancement preferences depended on video content, particularly for human faces to be enhanced less. The results suggest that algorithms to evaluate image quality (at least for enhancement) may need to be adjusted or applied differentially based on video content and viewer preferences. The possible impact of similar effects on image quality of compressed video needs to be evaluated. PMID:24107400

  6. Field-Based Teacher Research: How Teachers and Scientists Working Together Answers Questions about Turtle Nesting Ecology while Enhancing Teachers' Inquiry Skills

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winters, J. M.; Jungblut, D.; Catena, A. N.; Rubenstein, D. I.

    2013-12-01

    Providing rigorous academic supplement to a professional development program for teachers, QUEST is a fusion of Drexel University's environmental science research department with Princeton University's Program in Teacher Preparation. Completed in the summers of 2012 (in partnership with Earthwatch) and 2013 in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, QUEST's terrapin field research program enhances K-12 teachers' ecological knowledge, develops inquiry-based thinking in the classroom, and builds citizen science engagement. With a focus on quality question development and data analysis to answer questions, teachers are coached in developing, implementing, and presenting independent research projects on diamondback terrapin nesting ecology. As a result, teachers participating in QUEST's week long program bring a realistic example of science in action into their classrooms, helping to develop their own students' critical thinking skills. For teachers, this program provides training towards educating students on how to do real and imaginative science - subsequently sending students to university better prepared to engage in their own independent research. An essential component of the collaboration through QUEST, in addition to the teacher's experience during and after the summer institute, is the research data collected which supplements that of the Principal Investigator. In 2012, by documenting terrapin nest site predators, teachers gained valuable scientific experience, while Drexel acquired important ecological data which would have not been able to be collected otherwise. In 2013, teachers helped answer important questions about terrapin nesting success post Superstorm Sandy. In fact, the 2013 QUEST teachers are the first to visualize the frighteningly increased erosion of a primary terrapin nesting site due to Sandy; showing how most terrapin nests now lie in the bay, instead of safe on shore. Teachers comment that interacting with scientists in the field, and contributing to the research was 'an invaluable experience.' Conceptual models of QUEST's philosophy will be distributed at our presentation to encourage audience members interested in starting their own field-based educator professional development project. Through our presentation of this unique program, we will share how we have successfully incorporated real scientific research into classrooms through teachers' experiences, and discuss the lessons learned regarding replication and sustainability of educator-scientist collaborations.

  7. Teacher Preparation: Assessing Teacher Quality, Administrative Support, Standards-Based Teacher Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poliakoff, Anne Rogers, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This collection of papers focuses on the preparation of teachers by university-based education programs. The papers are: "The STEPS That Support P-12 Learning and Achievement" (Diana Rigden), which describes the Standards-based Teacher Education Project (STEP) for improving student learning; "The Responsibility for Assessing Beginning Teachers"…

  8. Elusive Search for Quality Education: The Case of Quality Assurance and Teacher Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odhiambo, George

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine issues of quality and quality assurance in Kenyan schools, identify reasons why Kenya government has difficulties in achieving its well documented search for quality education and to trace the process for ensuring the accountability of teachers in Kenya. This focus is done under conditions of…

  9. User-Oriented Quality for OER: Understanding Teachers' Views on Re-Use, Quality, and Trust

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clements, K. I.; Pawlowski, J. M.

    2012-01-01

    We analysed how teachers as users of open educational resources (OER) repositories act in the re-use process and how they perceive quality. Based on a quantitative empirical study, we also surveyed which quality requirements users have and how they would contribute to the quality process. Trust in resources, organizations, and technologies seem to…

  10. Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in the Miami-Dade County Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2012

    2012-01-01

    In partnership with the Urban League of Greater Miami, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) released "Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in Miami," an in-depth study of the work rules Miami-Dade teachers. This look at the state of teacher policies in Miami-Dade County Public Schools explores the district's contract…

  11. Quality Teaching: Means for Its Enhancement?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, John

    2011-01-01

    The pursuit of enhancing quality in tertiary education and educators is noble. Increasingly, however, universities are resorting to stark, reductionist representations of educational quality, such as decontextualised mean figures generated by student surveys, to measure and report on this. This paper questions the validity and reliability of such…

  12. Hotel Indoor Air Quality Enhancement: Research Agenda

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wilco W. Chan

    2012-01-01

    The article reports on the penetration of polluted outdoor air into hotels and the subsequent deterioration of indoor air quality (IAQ). Little attention has been paid to the severity of this problem. Thus, the study specifically aims to assess the determinants to enhance IAQ in hotels and suggest a future research direction relating to IAQ enhancement. Evidence from recent air

  13. Improving the Quality of Life by Enhancing Mobility

    E-print Network

    Improving the Quality of Life by Enhancing Mobility Texas Transportation Institute · The Texas A ·Nolegislativemandateregardingtopic ·$1.5millionperyearforfouryears Theme · Improving the Quality of Life by Enhancing Mobility

  14. Enhancing Relationships between Children and Teachers. School Psychology Book Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pianta, Robert C.

    This book aims to provide counselors with the theoretical and technical basis needed for designing interventions that enhance relationships between children and teachers. It draws on research in social development and relationships-systems theory to describe the role of child-adult relationships in the development of social and academic…

  15. Teacher Preparation and Enhancement. Program Announcement and Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate for Science and Engineering Education.

    The National Science Foundation (NSF) Act of 1950 (as amended) authorizes and directs the foundation to initiate and support: basic research; programs to strengthen the research potential; and science, mathematics, and engineering education programs at all levels. The Division of Teacher Preparation and Enhancement supports model preservice and…

  16. Adaptive and Motivated: Psychological Qualities of College Students in Teacher Education Programs in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Hsiou-huai

    2012-01-01

    Teacher quality has been a perennial issue in the field of education. In addition to academic ability, psychological and motivational characteristics are regarded as increasingly important dimensions of teacher quality. This study has established a multidimensional framework of teacher quality including social competency, adaptive ability and…

  17. Teacher Quality 2.0: Toward a New Era in Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M., Ed.; McShane, Michael Q., Ed.

    2014-01-01

    In "Teacher Quality 2.0," American Enterprise Institute (AEI) education experts Frederick M. Hess and Michael Q. McShane convene a diverse array of contributors to examine fruitful innovations that promise to improve teacher quality in a more strategic way. Much of the cutting-edge work in teacher quality is happening in nontraditional…

  18. The Quality and Socioeconomic Status of Teachers in Japan. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayakawa, Misao

    How teacher candidates are recruited and the quality of those candidates in Japanese education is investigated. Chapter 1 discusses the quality of teacher candidates and looks at the higher education system, colleges of education, and the quality of students in colleges of education. Chapter 2 examines teacher preparation curricula, the…

  19. Enhancing Science Teacher Training Using Water Resources and GLOBE

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Falco, James W.

    2002-01-01

    Heritage College, located on the Yakama Indian Reservation in south central Washington state, serves a multicultural, underserved, rural population and trains teachers to staff the disadvantaged school districts on and surrounding the reservation. In-service teachers and pre-service teachers in the area show strength in biology but have weak backgrounds in chemistry and mathematics. We are addressing this problem by providing a 2-year core of courses for 3 groups of 25 students (15 pre-service and 10 in-service teachers) using GLOBE to teach integrated physical science and mathematics. At the conclusion of the program, the students will qualify for science certification by Washington State. Water resources are the focal point of the curriculum because it is central to life in our desert area. The lack or excess of water, its uses, quality and distribution is being studied by using GIS, remote sensing and historical records. Students are learning the methodology to incorporate scientific protocols and data into all aspects of their future teaching curriculum. In addition, in each of the three years of the project, pre-service teachers attended a seminar series during the fall semester with presentations by collaborators from industry, agriculture, education and government agencies. Students used NASA educational materials in the presentations that they gave at the conclusion of the seminar series. All pre- and in-service teachers continue to have support via a local web site for Heritage College GLOBE participants.

  20. Recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers in rural areas.

    PubMed

    Monk, David H

    2007-01-01

    In examining recruitment and retention of teachers in rural areas, David Monk begins by noting the numerous possible characteristics of rural communities--small size, sparse settlement, distance from population concentrations, and an economic reliance on agricultural industries that are increasingly using seasonal and immigrant workers to minimize labor costs. Many, though not all, rural areas, he says, are seriously impoverished. Classes in rural schools are relatively small, and teachers tend to report satisfaction with their work environments and relatively few problems with discipline. But teacher turnover is often high, and hiring can be difficult. Monk observes that rural schools have a below-average share of highly trained teachers. Compensation in rural schools tends to be low, perhaps because of a lower fiscal capacity in rural areas, thus complicating efforts to attract and retain teachers. Several student characteristics, including relatively large shares of students with special needs and with limited English skills and lower shares of students attending college, can also make it difficult to recruit and retain high-quality teachers. Other challenges include meeting the needs of highly mobile children of low-income migrant farm workers. With respect to public policy, Monk asserts a need to focus on a subcategory of what might be called hard-to-staff rural schools rather than to develop a blanket set of policies for all rural schools. In particular, he recommends a focus on such indicators as low teacher qualifications, teaching in fields far removed from the area of training, difficulty in hiring, high turnover, a lack of diversity among teachers in the school, and the presence of migrant farm workers' children. Successful efforts to stimulate economic growth in these areas would be highly beneficial. He also calls attention to the potential for modern telecommunication and computing technologies to offset some of the drawbacks associated with teaching in rural areas. PMID:17407927

  1. Exploring the Relationship between Prior Career Experience and Instructional Quality among Mathematics and Science Teachers in Alternative Teacher Certification Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paredes Scribner, Jay; Akiba, Motoko

    2010-01-01

    This mixed-method evaluation study examines relationships between the nature and characteristics of teachers' prior experiences and teachers' practice of standards-based instruction as a measure of instructional quality among alternatively certified mathematics and science teachers. The study found that career length, number of prior careers, and…

  2. An evaluation of the 1997 JPL Summer Teacher Enhancement Program

    SciTech Connect

    Slovacek, Simeon P.; Doyle-Nichols, Adelaide R.

    1997-10-20

    There were two major components in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Summer Teacher Enhancement Project (STEP). First, the Summer Institute was structured as a four-week, 4-credit-unit University course for middle school science teachers, and consisted of workshops, lectures, labs, and tours as activities. The second component consists of follow-up activities related to the summer institute's contents, and again is structured as a University credit-bearing course for participants to reinforce their summer training. Considerable information from the comments and course ratings as given by the participants is included.

  3. Recruiting and Retaining Teachers in Alabama: Educators on What It Will Take to Staff All Classrooms with Quality Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirsch, Eric

    2006-01-01

    With No Child Left Behind's call for highly qualified teachers, the stakes for recruiting and retaining teachers have never been more important. Alabama, like other states, has struggled to develop policies and programs that effectively staff all classrooms with quality educators. The Center for Teaching Quality, with the support of SERVE, has…

  4. Teacher Training for Political Science PhD Students in Europe Determinants of a Tool for Enhanced Teaching in Higher Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gabriela Pleschová; Eszter Simon

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we examine the state of teacher training for political science PhD candidates in the European Union and make a comparison with the situation in the United States. We investigate the determinants of supply and demand of teacher training. On the supply side, we suggest that research orientation and quality assurance are factors that might enhance institutional willingness

  5. The Impact of Instruction in Enhancing Teachers' Knowledge of Teaching Mathematics in Some Lesotho Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moru, Eunice Kolitsoe; Qhobela, Makomosela; Maqutu, Tholang Z.

    2014-01-01

    The quality of mathematics teaching in Lesotho primary education remains one of the vexing problems in the education system. The study investigated how teachers viewed the impact of instruction on enhancing their knowledge of teaching. Data for the study were elicited from the second-year students enrolled for a Bachelor of Education in the…

  6. SACSCOC Reaffirmation and the Quality Enhancement Plan

    E-print Network

    Sura, Philip

    ;Reaffirmation Process · Shared with the Board last year · Establish Leadership Team · June Meeting conducted Development Committee · Select Review Team 2 #12;Quality Enhancement Plan · Definition: Core requirement 2 Organization · Leadership Team · President and SACS Accreditation Liaison co-chair · 10 members · Compliance

  7. Image Enhancement, Image Quality, and Noise

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rahman, Zia-ur; Jobson, Daniel J.; Woodell, Glenn A.; Hines, Glenn D.

    2005-01-01

    The Multiscale Retinex With Color Restoration (MSRCR) is a non-linear image enhancement algorithm that provides simultaneous dynamic range compression, color constancy and rendition. The overall impact is to brighten up areas of poor contrast/lightness but not at the expense of saturating areas of good contrast/brightness. The downside is that with the poor signal-to-noise ratio that most image acquisition devices have in dark regions, noise can also be greatly enhanced thus affecting overall image quality. In this paper, we will discuss the impact of the MSRCR on the overall quality of an enhanced image as a function of the strength of shadows in an image, and as a function of the root-mean-square (RMS) signal-to-noise (SNR) ratio of the image.

  8. University Teachers' Conceptions of Good Teaching in the Units of High-Quality Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parpala, Anna; Lindblom-Ylanne, Sari

    2007-01-01

    This article explores teachers in the units of high quality education in Finland. It focuses on three questions. First, What are conceptions of good teaching of teachers teaching in the quality units? Second, What do they consider important in their teaching? And third, What is the relation between teachers' conceptions and the criteria used in…

  9. Teacher Quality: A Report on Teacher Preparation and Qualifications of Public School Teachers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bartfai, Nicole.

    1999-01-01

    Recently released by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)(last described in the October 16, 1998 Scout Report), this is the first in a new series of biennial reports "specifically focused on teachers' learning (both preservice and continued) and the environments in which they work." This report is based on a recent national survey which examined the issues of teacher preparation, qualifications, and work environments. "Key findings are provided in three major areas: (1) preservice learning and teaching assignment; (2) continued learning; and (3) supportive work environment." Users can read the full text online or download the report in .pdf format.

  10. New Pathways for Teachers, New Promises for Students: A Vision for Developing Excellent Teachers. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowles, Timothy

    2013-01-01

    This paper outlines a set of ideas for improving teacher quality in America's schools. In it, the author proposes a combination of incremental steps and ambitious ones, designed to stimulate policymakers, practitioners, and the public to accelerate efforts to develop high-quality teachers. The paper has four main sections. First, the author…

  11. Local Amenities, Unobserved Quality, and Market Clearing: Adjusting Teacher Compensation to Provide Equal Education Opportunities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Bradford; Berman, Matthew; Hill, Alexandra

    2009-01-01

    Local school districts differ in their ability to pay for teacher quality, and in the amenities they offer as places to live and work. Market clearing with heterogeneous quality yields geographically varying teacher salary levels that confound scarcity with unobserved differences in quality. The paper discusses identification and estimation of a…

  12. School-Based Accountability and the Distribution of Teacher Quality across Grades in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Sarah C.; Ladd, Helen F.

    2013-01-01

    We use North Carolina data to explore whether the quality of teachers in the lower elementary grades (K-2) falls short of teacher quality in the upper grades (3-5) and to examine the hypothesis that school accountability pressures contribute to such quality shortfalls. Our concern with the early grades arises from recent studies highlighting how…

  13. 40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

  14. 40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

  15. 40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

  16. 40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

  17. 40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

  18. Teacher Quality and Educational Equality: Do Teachers with Higher Standards-Based Evaluation Ratings Close Student Achievement Gaps?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borman, Geoffrey D.; Kimball, Steven M.

    2005-01-01

    Using standards-based evaluation ratings for nearly 400 teachers, and achievement results for over 7,000 students from grades 4-6, this study investigated the distribution and achievement effects of teacher quality in Washoe County, a mid-sized school district serving Reno and Sparks, Nevada. Classrooms with higher concentrations of minority,…

  19. Enhancing Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Knowledge and Practices: A Professional Development Model for Technology Teachers in Malawi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chikasanda, Vanwyk Khobidi Mbubzi; Otrel-Cass, Kathrin; Williams, John; Jones, Alister

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on a professional development that was designed and implemented in an attempt to broaden teachers' knowledge of the nature of technology and also enhance their technological pedagogical practices. The professional development was organised in four phases with each phase providing themes for reflection and teacher learning…

  20. Features of Pre-Kindergarten Programs, Classrooms, and Teachers: Do They Predict Observed Classroom Quality and Child-Teacher Interactions?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Pianta; Carollee Howes; Margaret Burchinal; Donna Bryant; Richard Clifford; Diane Early; Oscar Barbarin

    2005-01-01

    This study draws from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's Multi-State Pre-Kindergarten Study to examine the extent to which program, class- room, and teacher attributes of the program ecology predict observed quality and teacher-child interactions in a sample of 238 classrooms representing 6 states' pre-kindergarten programs. Quality was assessed observationally at the global level and for specific teaching

  1. Establishing "Green Schools" and Enhancing Teachers and Students' Environmental Awareness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhongguo, Tang

    2004-01-01

    The environmental education and "green school" establishment at schools is an important means and basic tool to enhance students' environmental awareness. It is also one important aspect of the quality-oriented education at schools and the construction of spiritual aspect of civilization. This article discusses the importance of establishing…

  2. The Relationship of Teacher Quality and Student Achievement in Elementary Schools from the New York City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Roberto

    2008-01-01

    The present study sought to examine the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement in public elementary schools in a community district school of the New York City. It has 23 elementary schools, more than 7,600 students and around 350 teachers. For this study, participants consist of a sample of 117 full-time teachers who were…

  3. Emotional Experience, Expression, and Regulation of High-Quality Japanese Elementary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hosotani, Rika; Imai-Matsumura, Kyoko

    2011-01-01

    The present study investigates the emotional experience, expression, and regulation processes of high-quality Japanese elementary school teachers while they interact with children, in terms of teachers' emotional competence. Qualitative analysis of interview data demonstrated that teachers had various emotional experiences including self-elicited…

  4. The Effect of Wage Compression and Alternative Labor Market Opportunities on Teacher Quality in Venezuela

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortega, Daniel E.

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of teacher relative wages and teacher wage dispersion on high school graduates' preferences for teaching majors in College. This approximation to teacher quality is appropriate in a country like Venezuela as opposed to the US since the rigidity of the tertiary school system significantly limits mobility between…

  5. Interpret With Caution: The First State Title II Reports on the Quality of Teacher Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Sandra; Yi, Yun; Haycock, Kati

    In enacting new teacher quality provisions in the Higher Education Act, Congress intended to increase clarity and consistency of public reporting about the status of teacher education programs and ensure that states establish accountability measures for teacher preparation institutions. Beginning in 2001, states must report yearly data on six…

  6. The Effects of Teacher Wait-Time and Questioning Quality on Middle School Science Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tobin, Kenneth G.; Capie, William

    An experiment was conducted on the effects of two teacher variables and student engagement on science achievement. The variables included: teacher wait-time, defined as the length of the pause preceding a teacher utterance; and questioning quality, a generic term used to describe cognitive level, clarity, and relevance of questioning. Thirteen…

  7. An Experiment to Test the Feasibility and Quality of a Web-Based Questionnaire of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacob, Robin Tepper

    2011-01-01

    The use of web-based surveys to gather information from teachers has become increasingly common primarily based on the premise that they can reduce costs. Yet, relatively, little is known about the quality or cost effectiveness of web-based versus mail surveys for teachers. To study the efficacy of web-based teacher surveys, the author randomly…

  8. Reflections upon Teacher Education in Severe Difficulties in the USA: Shared Concerns about Quantity and Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Phyllis; West, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    In this article, Phyllis Jones of the Department of Special Education at the University of South Florida and Elizabeth West from the University of Washington explore key issues in respect to teacher education for teachers who teach pupils with severe and profound learning difficulties in the USA. Issues relating to quantity and quality of teachers

  9. Associations with Teacher Education, Experience, and Program Characteristics in Quality Early Childhood Programming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Debra L.

    2010-01-01

    Researchers have investigated the impact of teacher education and experience on child care quality; however, findings have been inconsistent. This study used archived data originating from Pennsylvania's Keystone STARS program. The sample included 617 infant or toddler classrooms with 1356 teachers and 887 preschool classrooms with 1915 teachers.…

  10. Designing High Quality Evaluation Systems for High School Teachers: Challenges and Potential Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.

    2011-01-01

    A central part of education reform today is the wide-ranging and unprecedented effort to either revamp existing teacher evaluation systems or develop and implement entirely new systems. High-quality teacher evaluation systems are seen as one lever for improving the teacher workforce and hence the outcomes of students, including high school…

  11. It Takes 2 to Produce a Quality Teacher: A Groovy Student and a Harmonizing Professor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gentry, Ruben

    2007-01-01

    Of all the possible combinations to produce quality teachers, will the real twosome please stand up? In 2002 the U.S. invested $192 billion (about 50% of the total education budget) in teacher pay and benefits (Rice, 2003). While it is general consensus that the teacher is the most important factor in student achievement, there is little useful…

  12. Science Teachers' Perspectives of Web-Enhanced Problem-Based Learning Environment: A Qualitative Inquiry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Younghoon; Grabowski, Barbara L.; Song, Hae-Deok

    This study investigated and described the perspectives of science teachers who integrated a Web-enhanced problem-based learning model into their classrooms. The study examined: (1) teachers' pedagogical beliefs; (2) the roles of teachers; (3) the use of Web resources; and (4) the degree of increased student engagement. This qualitative study used…

  13. Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Conducting Research to Enhance Their Knowledge of Children's Thinking

    E-print Network

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    . Teachers plan instruction using research-based knowledge about children's mathematical thinking (Carpenter40 Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Conducting Research to Enhance Their Knowledge of Children-service teachers enrolled in a mathematics methods course. Subjects conducted research on children's mathematical

  14. How Teachers Compare the Roles of Cooperating Teacher and Mentor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganser, Tom

    2002-01-01

    A survey of 94 teachers who served as cooperating teachers or mentored beginning teachers indicated that, despite few extrinsic rewards, they were motivated to undertake these roles; many had no formal preparation for them. Without clear expectations and high-quality training, their ability to enhance student and beginning teachers' practice may…

  15. Improving Teacher Quality: Ideological Perspectives and Policy Prescriptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lasley, Thomas J., II; Bainbridge, William L.; Berry, Barnett

    2002-01-01

    Reviews ideological debates over teacher education, the possible effects of professionalization, and chief criticisms of teacher education programs: incoherent curriculum, generic preparation, out-of-touch faculty, ideological influences, and institutional ineffectiveness. Outlines specific recommendations for teacher educators, school…

  16. From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gvaramadze, Irakli

    2008-01-01

    This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

  17. Science Education in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Putting Forward a Case to Enhance Student Teachers' Confidence and Competence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garbett, Dawn

    2003-08-01

    New Zealand is moving towards increased qualification requirements for early childhood educators. There is an underlying assumption that there is a correlation between quality early childhood education, teacher qualifications and quality practices in teaching and learning. Two fields of literature, early childhood pedagogy and science specific pedagogy, are reviewed briefly to provide a framework with which to consider why student teachers' attitudes, misunderstandings and misconceptions in science can limit their ability and willingness to create quality teaching and learning opportunities. The study reported in this paper highlights, in general, that early childhood student teachers' subject knowledge in science was poor. It also emerged that the student teachers were unaware of how little they knew and how this might affect their ability to provide appropriate science experiences for young children.

  18. An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

    2012-01-01

    This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

  19. The Improving Teacher Quality Program: 2008 Grants and Current Research. Commission Report 08-17

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Every year, the Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program issues a Request for Proposals (RFP) to award funds provided annually from the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. In recent years, each RFP has focused on a specific objective tied to state priorities in teacher quality. Six grants were awarded in 2008: (1) Bell Gardens Science…

  20. Humanistic Qualities of the Teacher as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Bahrain and Kuwait

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Musawi, Nu'man; Karam, Ebraheem M.

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to identify the main qualities of the teacher as a person as perceived by university students in Bahrain and Kuwait. A 25-item questionnaire, which reflected the basic humanistic qualities of the teacher as related to effective teaching, was designed and then administered to a random sample of 520 students enrolled…

  1. Evaluating EFL Intermediate Teachers' Performance in the Light of Quality Standards in Saudi Arabia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Thumali, Amani Dakheel Allah

    2011-01-01

    The present research aimed at four points: First, Identifying the most appropriate standards of EFL Saudi teachers' performance in the light of quality standards. Second, designing an objective and comprehensive evaluation rubric based on quality standards to evaluate EFL Saudi intermediate teachers' performance. Third, determining to what extent…

  2. Teacher Loyalty of Elementary Schools in Taiwan: The Contribution of Gratitude and Relationship Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ting, Shueh-Chin; Yeh, Liang-Yin

    2014-01-01

    Gratitude was an important missing factor in the extant relationship quality and relationship loyalty model. We introduced gratitude into the model of relationship quality and relationship loyalty. Two hundred and eighteen teachers from elementary schools in Taiwan were used to conduct an empirical research. The results show that teachers'…

  3. Select Novice Elementary Teachers' Perceived Knowledge and Implementation of High-Quality Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bumstead, Stacey

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods study was to examine select novice teachers' perceived knowledge of high-quality reading instruction, explore the extent that select novice teachers implemented high-quality reading instruction into their own classrooms, and to investigate any factors that explain the similarities and differences between…

  4. The Influence of Principal Gender, Teachers' Years of Experience, and Retention on Teacher Perceptions of Principal Leadership Style, Qualities, and Job Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eddins, Gregg M.

    2012-01-01

    One main challenge for many school districts in these tough economic times is teacher retention and all the costs associated. This study looks the influence of principal gender, teacher years of experience, and teacher retention based on teachers' perceptions of their principal's leadership style, transformational leadership qualities,…

  5. The Cost-Effectiveness of Raising Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Stuart S.

    2009-01-01

    Econometric studies suggest that student achievement may be improved if high-performing teachers are substituted for low-performing teachers. Drawing upon a recent study linking teacher performance on licensure exams with gains in student achievement, an analysis was conducted to determine the cost-effectiveness of requiring teacher applicants to…

  6. A Comparison of Teacher-Rated Classroom Conduct, Social Skills, and Teacher–Child Relationship Quality Between Preschool English Learners and Preschool English Speakers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Molly Luchtel; Kere Hughes; Gayle Luze; Katherine Richardson Bruna; Carla Peterson

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the differences between preschool English learners and preschool English speakers in the areas of classroom conduct, social skills, and teacher–child relationship quality, as rated by their teachers. Data were taken from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project. Students who were English learners were rated significantly more positively on classroom conduct and teacher–child relationship quality than

  7. Science Teacher Education in Australia: Initiatives and Challenges to Improve the Quality of Teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Treagust, David F.; Won, Mihye; Petersen, Jacinta; Wynne, Georgie

    2015-02-01

    In this article, we describe how teachers in the Australian school system are educated to teach science and the different qualifications that teachers need to enter the profession. The latest comparisons of Australian students in international science assessments have brought about various accountability measures to improve the quality of science teachers at all levels. We discuss the issues and implications of government initiatives in preservice and early career teacher education programs, such as the implementation of national science curriculum, the stricter entry requirements to teacher education programs, an alternative pathway to teaching and the measure of effectiveness of teacher education programs. The politicized discussion and initiatives to improve the quality of science teacher education in Australia are still unfolding as we write in 2014.

  8. Qualities of effective secondary science teachers: Perspectives of university biology students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCall, Madelon J.

    This research was an attempt to hear the student voice concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and to share that voice with those who impact the educational process. It was a snapshot of university freshmen biology students' opinions of the qualities of effective secondary science teachers based on their high school science experiences. The purpose of this study was to compile a list of effective secondary science teacher qualities as determined through a purposeful sampling of university second semester biology students and determine the role of the secondary science teacher in promoting interest and achievement in science, as well as the teacher's influence on a students' choice of a science career. The research was a mixed methods design using both quantitative and qualitative data obtained through the use of a 24 question electronic survey. There were 125 participants who provided information concerning their high school science teachers. Respondents provided information concerning the qualities of effective secondary science teachers and influences on the students' present career choice. The quantitative data was used to construct a hierarchy of qualities of effective secondary science teachers, divided into personal, professional, and classroom management qualities. The qualitative data was used to examine individual student responses to questions concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and student career choice. The results of the research indicated that students highly value teachers who are both passionate about the subject taught and passionate about their students. High school science students prefer teachers who teach science in a way that is both interesting and relevant to the student. It was determined that the greatest influence on a secondary student's career choice came from family members and not from teachers. The secondary teacher's role was to recognize the student's interest in the career and provide encouragement, motivation, and success in support of the chosen career.

  9. In Search of Good Teachers: Patterns of Teacher Quality in Two Mexican States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luschei, Thomas F.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses longitudinal data from Mexico's Carrera Magisterial teacher incentive program to identify teacher attributes that are positively associated with student test scores and to describe how teachers with these attributes are distributed across schools in two diverse Mexican states, Aguascalientes and Sonora. I find that teachers' scores…

  10. Changes in Student Teachers' Motives and the Meaning of Teacher Education Programme Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canrinus, E. T.; Fokkens-Bruinsma, M.

    2014-01-01

    This study provides insights into possible changes in 83 student teachers' motives for becoming teachers, their professional commitment and their self-efficacy after a year of teacher education. Furthermore, it addresses the extent to which these changes relate to student teachers' perceptions of their learning environment--specifically,…

  11. The Social Reconstructionist Approach to Teacher Education: A Necessary Component to Achieving Excellence and Quality Education for All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayne, Hope

    2014-01-01

    Improving all aspects of the quality of education is dependent on preparing teachers to become critical citizens. The social reconstructionist approach to teacher education is essential to transforming an education system defined by inequity, issues of quality, and issues of access. How do pre-service teachers perceive the mission of quality

  12. Talent Development for the Talent Developers: Identifying and Developing the Qualities of Effective Teachers of Gifted Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slatter, Christopher John

    2008-01-01

    This paper contains a literature review concerning the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted. The research analysed 15 empirical studies and identified several common qualities of effective teachers. It is proposed that the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted are equivalent to talents in Gagne's differentiated model of giftedness…

  13. Three Methods of Enhancing Global Educational Awareness for Future Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haapanen, Iris

    2013-01-01

    Teachers can echo the ethnic diversity of students in simulation trips to achieve an appreciation of globally indigenous education practices for future teachers. This article explores the three methods of achieving this, consisting of technology, acting out, and simulated trips, as they may be used by teachers to blend the more salient…

  14. Teacher Understanding of Quality in the Visual Arts Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munson, April Dawn

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the assessment practices of teachers in the visual arts. This examination was not limited to the rubrics, tests, and grading systems present in the classes, but included observations of teacher conversations with students, questioning strategies of both teacher and student, and daily art room activities. The…

  15. Investigating the Relationship Between Pharmacy Students’ Achievement Goal Orientations and Preferred Teacher Qualities

    PubMed Central

    Sainsbury, Erica; Rose, Grenville; Smith, Lorraine

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To investigate the relationships between pharmacy students’ preferred teacher qualities and their academic achievement goal orientations. Methods. Participants completed an achievement goal questionnaire and a build-a-teacher task. For the latter, students were given a $20 hypothetical budget to purchase amounts of 9 widely valued teachersqualities. Results. Three hundred sixty-six students participated. Students spent most of their budget on the traits of enthusiasm, expertise, and clear presentation style, and the least amount of money on interactive teaching, reasonable workload, warm personality, and intellectually challenging. In relation to achievement goals, negative associations were found between avoidance goals and preferences for teachers who encourage rigorous thinking and self-direction. Conclusion. These novel findings provide a richer profile of the ways students respond to their learning environment. Understanding the relationships between teachers’ characteristics and pharmacy students’ achievement goal orientations will contribute to improving the quality of pharmacy learning and teaching environments. PMID:25258440

  16. Teacher Pension Systems, the Composition of the Teaching Workforce, and Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koedel, Cory; Podgursky, Michael; Shi, Shishan

    2013-01-01

    Teacher pension systems concentrate retirements within a narrow range of the career cycle by penalizing individuals who separate too soon or remain employed too long. The penalties result in the retention of some teachers who would otherwise choose to leave, and the premature exit of some teachers who would otherwise choose to stay. We examine the…

  17. Teacher Pension Systems, the Composition of the Teaching Workforce, and Teacher Quality. Working Paper 72

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koedel, Cory; Podgursky, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Teacher pension systems target retirements within a narrow range of the career cycle by penalizing individuals who separate too soon or remain employed too long. The penalties result in the retention of some teachers who would otherwise choose to leave, and the premature exit of some teachers who would otherwise choose to stay. We examine how the…

  18. A Phenomenological Research Study of the Experience of Teachers in the Virgin Islands Teacher Enhancement in Mathematics and Science Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thurland, Karen C.

    The purpose of conducting this study was to describe the experience of elementary teachers in a mathematics and science staff development project in the U.S. Virgin Islands. The focus of this study was to describe the meaning teachers attribute to their experience in this three year project, in which many of the national mathematics and science reform efforts were implemented. A phenomenological approach was used in order to develop a complete picture of the teachers' experiences. Data collection consisted of interviews with seven elementary teachers. The data were subjective descriptions of the teachers pertaining to the initial summer institute, the follow-up sessions, and the new innovative methods. The transcendental phenomenological model was used. The textural and structural themes included enhanced learning and changes in teaching practice, and interactions with colleagues. From these themes, individual and composite textual descriptions of the experience of the teacher participants were developed. The synthesis of those descriptions illuminated the meanings and essence of their lived experience. The findings indicate that the essence of the experience was the development of a positive attitude towards the teaching of math and science. The teachers gained confidence in their ability to motivate students with the inquiry method and taught more math and science. The implications for the Virgin Islands Department of Education include establishing a partnership with the local university to offer staff development training in mathematics and science and to conduct evaluations of its training efforts.

  19. Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

  20. Ideas Exchange: How Do You Use NASPE's Teacher Toolbox to Enhance Professional Activities with Students, Sport or Physical Education Lessons, Faculty Wellness Classes or Community Programs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpkins, Mary Ann; McNeill, Shane; Dieckman, Dale; Sissom, Mark; LoBianco, Judy; Lund, Jackie; Barney, David C.; Manson, Mara; Silva, Betsy

    2009-01-01

    NASPE's Teacher Toolbox is an instructional resource site which provides educators with a wide variety of teaching tools that focus on physical activity. This service is provided by NASPE to support instructional activities as well as promote quality programs. New monthly issues support NASPE's mission to enhance knowledge, improve professional…

  1. The Effects of Los Angeles Universal Preschool on Quality Preschool Teacher Retention in Los Angeles County

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez Stevens, Holly Anne

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the implementation of Los Angeles Universal Preschool (LAUP) programs has a positive effect on the retention of quality preschool teachers in Los Angeles County. In prior work, preschool teacher retention is associated with wages, program structure, program process, professional development, and…

  2. Wingspread Conference on Quality Assurance in Teacher Education (Racine, Michigan, May 11-13, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Robert D., Ed.; Schalock, H. Del, Ed.

    A small group of influential educators participated in a Wingspread Conference to discuss the topic of teacher warranty programs. While each of the warranty programs described at Wingspread was distinctive, there were a number of features that all seemed to have in common: (1) teacher warranty programs are a form of quality assurance for…

  3. Science Teacher Education in Australia: Initiatives and Challenges to Improve the Quality of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treagust, David F.; Won, Mihye; Petersen, Jacinta; Wynne, Georgie

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we describe how teachers in the Australian school system are educated to teach science and the different qualifications that teachers need to enter the profession. The latest comparisons of Australian students in international science assessments have brought about various accountability measures to improve the quality of science…

  4. Promoting Quality Teaching: New Approaches to Compensation and Career Pathways. Perspectives from Accomplished California Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Board Resource Center at Stanford University, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This report identifies what are thought to be smart ways to redesign career paths and compensation for California teachers. It is known which changes are most likely to improve both teaching quality and student achievement, because these changes address what really matters in schools and what motivates teachers. These are not the traditional and…

  5. A Ten-Year Study on Quantity, Quality and Personal Characteristics of Teacher Candidates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horton, Daniel, Jr.; Summers, Jerry

    A study compares the quantity, quality, and personal characteristics of teacher education candidates for the 1982-83 school year with the teacher education candidates for the 1971-72 and 1972-73 school years. Subjects included students of secondary education at Indiana State University (ISU) who had applied to student teach. Data for the study…

  6. The Quality Teacher and Education Act in San Francisco: Lessons Learned. Policy Brief 09-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hough, Heather J.

    2009-01-01

    This policy brief reviews the recent experience of the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) with the development and approval of Proposition A. Proposition A (also known as the Quality Teacher and Education Act, or QTEA) included a parcel tax mainly dedicated to increasing teachers' salaries, along with a variety of measures introducing…

  7. Getting beyond Talk: State Leadership Needed To Improve Teacher Quality. Educational Benchmarks 2000 Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornett, Lynn M.

    This report restates selected Southern Regional Education Board policy recommendations on teacher quality since the early 1980s, outlines key policy areas that need attention, and provides examples of state actions to make needed changes. Regarding teacher preparation, the report discusses university responsibility, partnerships with schools, and…

  8. Connecting the Continuum: A University-Based Induction Program to Improve Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Zandt Allen, Laura

    2014-01-01

    The Summer Curriculum Writing Institute (SCWI) supports graduates of a university-based teacher education program during the induction years and beyond with the aim of impacting teacher quality. The purpose of this article is to describe the development, goals, research, and lessons learned during SCWI from 2005-12. The week focuses around the…

  9. Building on the Best Generation: Building Teacher Quality as a Facilitator of Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twigg, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    There is a paradox at the heart of the education debate on building the best generation of teachers. Ministers criticise teachers for not raising standards. Yet their answer is to change the governance structures of school. Why not address the real challenge--how to raise the status and quality of teaching in this country? It matters far more what…

  10. Mathematics Teacher Quality: Its Distribution and Relationship with Student Achievement in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Özel, Zeynep Ebrar Yetkiner; Özel, Serkan

    2013-01-01

    A main purpose of the present study was to investigate the distribution of qualified mathematics teachers in relation to students' socioeconomic status (SES), as measured by parental education, among Turkish middle schools. Further, relationships between mathematics teacher quality indicators and students' mathematics achievement were…

  11. Beginning EFL Teachers' Beliefs about Quality Questions and Their Questioning Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pham, Ly Ngoc Khanh; Hamid, M. Obaidul

    2013-01-01

    Motivated by the scarcity of research that examines the impact of teacher beliefs on their actual practices in Vietnam, this study investigated the relationship between teachers' beliefs about quality questions and their questioning behaviours in terms of questioning purposes, content focus, students' cognitive level, wording and syntax.…

  12. The Quality of School Life and Burnout as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being among Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya; Sari, Mediha

    2009-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to determine the rate of how teachers' subjective wellbeing is predicted by their perceptions about the quality of school life and burnout levels. The participants of the study consisted of 161 teachers (93 females, 68 males) who were working in elementary schools in Adana central districts. The Positive-Negative…

  13. Special Education Teacher Quality and Preparation: Exposing Foundations, Constructing a New Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brownell, Mary T.; Sindelar, Paul T.; Kiely, Mary Theresa; Danielson, Louis C.

    2010-01-01

    The authors trace changes in conceptions of special education teacher quality and preparation in response to developments in special education research, policy, and practice. This developmental arc is a backdrop for understanding contemporary special education practice and charting future directions for preparing special education teachers.…

  14. Update on the Improving Teacher Quality Program. Report 09-05

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humphrey, Karen

    2009-01-01

    The Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) State Grants Program is currently operating professional development grants for California teachers at 40 sites statewide. This is as large a cadre of projects as the California Postsecondary Education Commission has operated since the ITQ Program began with the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.…

  15. Allocating Quality: Collective Bargaining Agreements and Administrative Discretion over Teacher Assignment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

    2007-01-01

    Background: School leaders argue that to make the improvements in both quality and equity that government mandates demand, they need more flexibility with regard to personnel management--specifically, teacher assignment. According to some, such flexibility is constrained by collective bargaining between teachers unions and school districts.…

  16. Assessing Quality of Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Written Arguments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydeniz, Mehmet; Gürçay, Deniz

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of scientific arguments developed by pre-service physics teachers. Sample: The participants were 171 pre-service physics teachers recruited from two universities: 86 from University A and 85 from University B. Design and method: Participants were prompted to develop a written argument to…

  17. Motivation and Quality of Work Life among Secondary School EFL Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baleghizadeh, Sasan; Gordani, Yahya

    2012-01-01

    This study set out to investigate the relationship between quality of work life and teacher motivation among 160 secondary school English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers in Tehran, Iran. In addition, 30 of the participants were randomly selected to take part in follow-up interviews which asked why they felt the way they reported. The results…

  18. Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) Program Application Process and Grant Awards. Commission Report 05-11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The federal Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program--Title II-A of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001--provides funding for partnerships between Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs) and Local Education Agencies (LEAs) to support professional development for teachers. The California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC) administers…

  19. The National Teacher Enhancement Program (K-8) coordinated by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Richmond, C.R.

    1991-01-01

    Teachers need help, not harassment. So do the establishments in which teachers practice their profession. Community resources must be marshalled to provide help to local schools and teachers. In 1990 the National Science Foundation (NSF) established a unique educational activity named the National Teacher Enhancement Program (NTEP). NSF took advantage of the Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored educational programs and resources at several large DOE contractor labs that had had prior experience with DOE supported teacher enhancement programs. While DOE concentrated on teacher enhancement activities for secondary teachers, the NSF concentrated on teachers from grades K-8. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is the lead organization for both administering and coordinating the grant. Other participating laboratories are Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FERMI), Battelle-Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL) with some support functions provided by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU). The program calls for a three week duration workshop to be conducted at each lab followed by in-service training and other activities during the year. The NSF/NTEP protocol calls for networking among the participating organizations and some of the teachers. An assessment effort is also an integral part of the program. 2 refs.

  20. A Fingerprint Pattern of Supports for Teachers' Designing of Technology-Enhanced Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Svihla, Vanessa; Reeve, Richard; Sagy, Ornit; Kali, Yael

    2015-01-01

    Teachers often find themselves in a position in which they need to adapt technology-enhanced materials to meet the needs of their students. As new technologies--especially those not specifically designed for learning--find their way into schools, teachers need to be able to design learning experiences that use these new technologies in their local…

  1. Insights from a Subject Knowledge Enhancement Course for Preparing New Chemistry and Physics Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inglis, Michael; Mallaburn, Andrea; Tynan, Richard; Clays, Ken; Jones, Robert Bryn

    2013-01-01

    A recent Government response to shortages of new physics and chemistry teachers is the extended subject knowledge enhancement (SKE) course. Graduates without a physics or chemistry bachelor degree are prepared by an SKE course to enter a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) programme to become science teachers with a physics or chemistry…

  2. Prospective Teachers' Views about Video-Enhanced General Biology Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çetin, Gülcan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to determine the views of the prospective physics and chemistry teachers about the video-enhanced General Biology instruction. The participants included 19 second-year prospective teachers (10 in Physics and 9 in Chemistry Education) at Necatibey Faculty of Education, Balikesir University, Turkey in the 2011-2012 academic…

  3. Enhancing Pre-Service Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Skills of Using the Geometer's Sketchpad through Lesson Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meng, Chew Cheng; Sam, Lim Chap

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to enhance pre-service secondary mathematics teachers' skills of using the Geometer's Sketchpad (GSP) through Lesson Study. Twenty-four Lesson Study groups each comprising four or five pre-service secondary mathematics teachers who attended a mathematics teaching methods course in a local public university were set up…

  4. Teachers' Professional Development for the Technology-Enhanced Classroom in the School of Tomorrow

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansson, Henrik

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the following general questions: (1) what is the role of the teacher in the technology enhanced classroom; and (2) how are teachers prepared for the use of new technology in the classroom? The answers will differ among European countries due to, among other reasons, resources, national initiatives and available…

  5. The Development of a Teacher Salary Parcel Tax: The Quality Teacher and Education Act in San Francisco

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hough, Heather J.; Loeb, Susanna

    2009-01-01

    This case study will serve primarily as an historical account detailing the development of Quality Teacher and Education Act (QTEA). QTEA and the most salient details that led to its eventual passage, serving as an information source for San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) and other districts when they take on potentially controversial…

  6. Shaky Methods, Shaky Motives: A Critique of the National Council of Teacher Quality's Review of Teacher Preparation Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Edward J.

    2014-01-01

    The National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ) recent review of university-based teacher preparation programs concluded the vast majority of such programs were inadequately preparing the nation's teachers. The study, however, has a number of serious flaws that include narrow focus on inputs, lack of a strong research base, missing…

  7. Changes in Student Teachers' Agency Beliefs during a Teacher Education Year, and Relationships with Observed Classroom Quality, and Day-to-Day Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malmberg, Lars-Erik; Hagger, Hazel

    2009-01-01

    Background: Conceptualizations of teachers' agency beliefs converge around domains of support and instruction. Aim: We investigated changes in student teachers' agency beliefs during a 1 year teacher education course, and related these to observed classroom quality and day-to-day experiences in partnership schools during the practicum. Samples:…

  8. Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Public Schools Keeping Their Best? CEDR Working Paper No. 2010-2.0

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we examine the mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality, measured using value-added estimates of teacher performance. Unlike previous studies that have examined these issues, we focus on the variation in these effects across the effectiveness distribution. We find that, on average, more effective teachers tend to stay in…

  9. Preparing potential teachers for the transition from employment to teacher training: an evaluative case study of a Maths Enhancement Course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steve May; Jane Gay; Nigel Atkins

    2008-01-01

    In response to a UK government drive to improve maths teaching in schools, the South West London Maths Enhancement Course (MEC) has been set up through collaboration between three higher education institutions (HEIs) to provide an efficient route for non?maths graduates in employment to upgrade their subject knowledge and give a smooth transition into teacher training (PGCE). An evaluation of

  10. Quality Enhancement on E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ossiannilsson, E. S. I.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Benchmarking, a method for quality assurance has not been very commonly used in higher education with regard to e-learning. Today, e-learning is an integral part of higher education, and so should also be an integral part of quality assurance systems. However, quality indicators, benchmarks and critical success factors on e-learning have…

  11. How Can Video Supported Reflection Enhance Teachers' Professional Development?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCullagh, John F.

    2012-01-01

    This paper responds to Eva Lundqvist, Jonas Almqvist and Leif Ostman's account of how the manner of teaching can strongly influence pupil learning by recommending video supported reflection as a means by which teachers can transform the nature of their practice. Given the complex nature of the many conditions which influence and control teachers'…

  12. Teacher Perception of Tasks That Enhance Data Interpretation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfe, Gretchen L.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide an account of teacher perception of core practice tasks in data use, particularly data interpretation. Data interpretation is critical to professional practice in planning instructional adjustments for student learning. This is a case study of four elementary teachers who provide numerous task-specific…

  13. Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers through Quality Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tate, Mary E.

    2013-01-01

    The special education teaching environment is a teaching environment with unique duties that often challenge novice special education teachers. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to gain clarity of the work environment of special education teachers to uncover professional development practices that would work to support them. Research…

  14. Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing Quality Culture. ENQA Workshop Report 16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), 2010

    2010-01-01

    The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK), organised a seminar on theme "Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing quality culture" which was held on 8-9 June, 2010 in London, United Kingdom. The seminar marked the fourth annual meeting of the ENQA IQA Group…

  15. Teachers Involving Parents (TIP): An in-service teacher education program for enhancing parental involvement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen V. Hoover-dempsey; Joan M. Walker; Kathleen P. Jones; Richard P. Reed

    Abstract Because parental involvement in children=s education has been associated with positive outcomes for students, teacher skills for engaging parental involvement are an important area of professional development. An in-service education program ( Teachers Involving Parents [TIP]) was designed to increase elementary and middle school teachers=invitations to parental involvement by strengthening participants=sense of teaching efficacy, beliefs about parents= efficacy for

  16. Teacher student relationship quality type in elementary grades: Effects on trajectories for achievement and engagement

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Jiun-yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man

    2010-01-01

    Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second and third grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with reports of others: Congruent positive, Congruent Negative, Incongruent Child Negative and Incongruent Child Positive. The cluster solution evidenced good internal consistency and construct validity. Cluster membership predicted growth trajectories for teacher-rated engagement and standardized achievement scores over the following three years, above prior performance. The predictive associations between child reports of teacher support and conflict and outcomes depended on whether child reports were consistent or inconsistent with reports of others. Study findings have implications for theory development, assessment of teacher-student relationships, and teacher professional development. PMID:20728688

  17. The effect of teacher quality on the achievement of students in Integrated Physics and Chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alexander, Rima

    For many years, researchers, policy makers, and the education community have explored various school variables and their impact on student achievement (Darling-Hammond, 2000; Ferguson and Womack 1993; Ferguson and Ladd 1996; Rice, 2003; Rockoff, 2003; Rowan, Chiang, and Miller 1997; Sanders and Horn, 1996; Wright Horn and Sanders, 1997). Invariably, the issue of teacher quality arises. Teacher quality is the single most influential factor under school control that affects student achievement (Darling-Hammond, 2000; Rice, 2003; Rockoff, 2003; Sanders and Horn, 1996; Wright Horn and Sanders, 1997). Generally, students taught by highly qualified teachers perform better on standardized tests than students with less qualified teachers (Ferguson and Womack 1993; Ferguson and Ladd 1996; Rowan, Chiang, and Miller 1997). Previous research indicates that teachers indeed matter for the improvement of student achievement, but getting good measures of what is meant by teacher quality is a continuing challenge (Goldhaber, 2002). The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of teacher quality on the achievement of students in Integrated Physics and Chemistry (IPC). In order to achieve this purpose, this study addressed the following research question: chemistry and physics teachers compare to the achievement of students taught by less-qualified IPC teachers? A causal-comparative methodology was employed to address this research question. The independent variable was teacher quality---highly-qualified or less qualified. The teacher attributes that were examined in this study are: (1) teachers' educational background; (2) content knowledge; (3) pedagogical knowledge; and (4) certification. The dependent variable was student achievement in integrated physics and chemistry, as measured by an end-of-course IPC District Assessment of Curriculum, IPC DAC. Descriptive statistics were computed for the independent variable in the study. A Chi Square was performed on the data, utilizing SPSS version 12.0.1 software. Next a test of statistical significance was done to determine whether the null hypothesis could be rejected; and whether or not the research hypothesis could be accepted. Since this is a causal comparative design with only two groups in which student achievement was measured by a test that will yield raw scores, a Chi Square was conducted to determine whether the pass rates of the two groups of students based on obtained and expected percentages were statistically significantly different A Chi Square value of 4.29 was obtained, which indicates that the pass rate for students of highly-qualified teachers was statistically significantly higher than for students of less-qualified teachers. For the purpose of this study a criterion value of (p<.05) was used.

  18. Principals' Approaches to Developing Teacher Quality: Constraints and Opportunities in Hiring, Assigning, Evaluating, and Developing Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Morgaen L.

    2011-01-01

    There is growing evidence that, of all school resources, teachers have the largest impact on student achievement. Principals arguably play the most important role in ensuring that excellent teaching occurs in their school. How principals hire teachers, assign them to specific positions, evaluate them, and provide growth opportunities for them…

  19. Fair to Everyone: Building the Balanced Teacher Evaluations that Educators and Students Deserve. Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almy, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    In schools across America, teachers know who among their peers is doing the best work and who is not. Yet the nation's evaluation systems tend to foster the notion that all teachers perform the same way, with the same results for students. Indeed, in an attempt at equality--uniform treatment for everyone--current evaluation systems often end up…

  20. Enhancing Service Quality Through Integrated Services Marketing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Maritz

    2006-01-01

    Service quality is often conceptualized as the comparison of service expectations with actual performance perceptions. Emphasis is placed on the combined attitudinal construct of service quality, highlighting cognitive and affective components. The aim of this study is to evaluate these expectations and perceptions from the point of view of franchisees in a prominent home entertainment franchise system. The purpose is

  1. Enhancing Service Quality Through Integrated Services Martketing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alex Maritz

    2007-01-01

    Service quality is often conceptualized as the comparison of service expectations with actual performance perceptions. Emphasis is placed on the combined attitudinal construct of service quality, highlighting cognitive and affective components. The aim of this study is to evaluate these expectations and perceptions from the point of view of franchisees in a prominent home entertainment franchise system. The purpose is

  2. Enhancing causal interpretations of quality improvement interventions

    PubMed Central

    Cable, G

    2001-01-01

    In an era of chronic resource scarcity it is critical that quality improvement professionals have confidence that their project activities cause measured change. A commonly used research design, the single group pre-test/post-test design, provides little insight into whether quality improvement interventions cause measured outcomes. A re-evaluation of a quality improvement programme designed to reduce the percentage of bilateral cardiac catheterisations for the period from January 1991 to October 1996 in three catheterisation laboratories in a north eastern state in the USA was performed using an interrupted time series design with switching replications. The accuracy and causal interpretability of the findings were considerably improved compared with the original evaluation design. Moreover, the re-evaluation provided tangible evidence in support of the suggestion that more rigorous designs can and should be more widely employed to improve the causal interpretability of quality improvement efforts. Evaluation designs for quality improvement projects should be constructed to provide a reasonable opportunity, given available time and resources, for causal interpretation of the results. Evaluators of quality improvement initiatives may infrequently have access to randomised designs. Nonetheless, as shown here, other very rigorous research designs are available for improving causal interpretability. Unilateral methodological surrender need not be the only alternative to randomised experiments. Key Words: causal interpretations; quality improvement; interrupted time series design; implementation fidelity PMID:11533426

  3. Raising the Bar of Teacher Quality: Accountability, Collaboration, and Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganley, DeLacy Derin; Quintanar, Anita P.; Loop, Lisa S.

    2007-01-01

    Historically, reform efforts to address poor student achievement have focused on a variety of issues other than teacher quality. Movements such as TQM (Total Quality Management), class size reduction (CSR), school leadership, parental involvement, and multicultural curriculum have not directly addressed the power or influence of the individual…

  4. T2QM (Teaching and Total Quality Management) for Medical Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bing-You, R. G.

    1997-01-01

    Explores the potential relationship of teaching and total quality management (TQM) and the subsequent benefits for individual medical teachers. Addresses issues such as defining teaching processes and quality teaching, responding to customers' needs, assessing current teaching practices, and improving one's own teaching. Contains 18 references.…

  5. E-Learning Quality Assurance: A Perspective of Business Teacher Educators and Distance Learning Coordinators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Betty F.; Henderson, Ronda G.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Business teacher educators and distance learning coordinators have the responsibility to deliver quality online courses and programs. Therefore, they must make sure that quality assurance benchmarks are present in online business education courses and programs. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which…

  6. Representations of Teacher Quality, Quantity, and Diversity in a National Mathematics and Science Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moyer-Packenham, Patricia S.; Bolyard, Johnna J.; Oh, Hana; Kridler, Patricia; Salkind, Gwenanne

    2006-01-01

    Growing awareness of the importance of teacher quality in mathematics and science has stimulated a variety of national reports and funded initiatives for the purpose of improving teaching and learning in K-12 schools. This study examined the work of awardees in one federally-funded program that included a focus on increasing the number, quality,…

  7. Para-Teacher Scheme and Quality Education for All in India: Policy Perspectives and Challenges for School Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pandey, Saroj

    2006-01-01

    Improvement in the quality, efficiency, and equity of education, to a considerable extent, depends on the nexus of teaching and learning, which is in turn influenced by the quality of teachers. The teacher has been identified as the single most important factor influencing the quality of education by the Indian Education Commission and the…

  8. Adaptive fingerprint image enhancement with fingerprint image quality analysis

    E-print Network

    Cho, Sung-Bae

    Adaptive fingerprint image enhancement with fingerprint image quality analysis Eun-Kyung Yun, Sung 20 September 2005; accepted 24 September 2005 Abstract Accurate minutiae extraction from fingerprint images is heavily dependent on the quality of the fingerprint images. In order to improve the performance

  9. ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL (QUAL2EU)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The enhanced stream water quality model QUAL2E and QUAL2E-UNCAS (37) permits simulation of several water quality constituents in a branching stream system using a finite difference solution to the one-dimensional advective-dispersive mass transport and reaction equation. The con...

  10. IT-Enhanced Service Quality in the Healthcare Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lee Pui-Mun

    Providing good service quality is of great strategic importance in the management of any service organizations. Besides ensuring excellent clinical care, hospitals should also focus on providing quality service to their patients and visitors. The findings from this study could provide useful information as to how hospitals could better manage their services and harness information technologies to enhance their services.

  11. Children's Books in Child Care Classrooms: Quality, Accessibility, and Reasons for Teachers' Choices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sandra Stone; Sandra Twardosz

    2001-01-01

    The importance of child care classrooms as contexts for early literacy development makes it critical to investigate the child care teacher's role in selecting, reading, and making accessible high-quality children's books, and in providing a variety of reading opportunities. The present study was designed to obtain exploratory descriptive information about this neglected topic. Twenty-one teachers of 4-year-old children from a

  12. Quality Assurance: Enhancing or Threatening Higher Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taousanidis, Nikolaos I.; Antoniadou, Myrofora A.

    2010-01-01

    There is an increasing marketization of commodity services and, the authors argue, higher education is suffering heavily from this trend. Higher education institutions (HEIs) are currently subject to quality assurance and other externally imposed procedures that have been successfully applied in the private sector. This article analyses the…

  13. MTU-pre-service teacher enhancement program. Final report, September 1992--May 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.J.

    1996-01-01

    The MTU Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program was a two year extended project designed to introduce a select group of science and engineering undergraduate students, with good {open_quotes}people skills,{close_quotes} to the teaching profession. Participants were paid for their time spent with area teacher/mentors and were involved in a variety of in school activities, projects and observations to illustrate the teaching profession. They were encouraged to consider the teaching profession as a future career option. The student participants, however, were under no obligation to enter the Teacher Education Program at the conclusion of the program.

  14. LOL Teacher! Using Humor to Enhance Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terrell, Shelly

    2015-01-01

    Laughing with students can help them connect on a deeper level with the teacher and the learning. This article offers the following four strategies to incorporate humor into teaching: (1) Integrate humorous bits to boost engagement; (2) Choose humorous materials; (3) Create interest with humorous web tools and apps; and (4) Teach with silly…

  15. Enhancing Reasoning Attitudes of Prospective Elementary School Mathematics Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peretz, Dvora

    2006-01-01

    This article presents a constructivist approach for teaching mathematics to prospective elementary school teachers in USA. This approach employs a model of a "mathematical situation," a set of physical operations and a physical language to reason about students' mathematical doings. One of the primary goals of this approach is to promote a…

  16. Enhancing Learning Approaches in an Undergraduate Teacher Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Christopher; Debus, Ray

    This study implemented contextual modifications in a preservice teacher education program to improve teaching and learning. The modifications were designed to increase students' use of deep approaches to learning and reduce their reliance on surface approaches. Because of how the teaching and learning environment was conceptualized, in accordance…

  17. Enhancing Teacher Well-Being: Put On Your Oxygen Masks!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hills, Kimberly J.; Robinson, Ashley

    2010-01-01

    Every day, teachers have the opportunity to have great impact on the lives of children through their leadership in the classroom. Their positive influence in the classroom is critical to meeting the challenges of educating and guiding young minds to their full potential. Recent research offers a number of strategies for promoting the five…

  18. Considering Professional Identity to Enhance Agriculture Teacher Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoulders, Catherine W.; Myers, Brian E.

    2011-01-01

    The professional identity secondary agriculture teachers display can affect their receptiveness and interest in different professional development events, yet is often overlooked when designing professional development because it is not included in the consensus of proven methods of professional development design and delivery (Desimone, 2009).…

  19. Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Enhancing Teacher-Student Communications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Childers, John H., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Defines Neurolinguistic Programming (NCP) and discusses specific dimensions of the model that have applications for classroom teaching. Describes five representational systems individuals use to process information and gives examples of effective and ineffective teacher-student communication for each system. (MCF)

  20. Illinois Improving Teacher Quality State Grants: Learning about STEM Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Dianne C.

    2011-01-01

    As a necessary preliminary for this issue on Illinois' experience with school-university partnerships to provide teacher development opportunities, this article provides a review of the literature relevant to such programs. As the evaluation and assessment have changed over the years since the Eisenhower grants period, the author explains the…

  1. Contribution of a Professional Development Programme to the Quality and Retention of Teachers in an Urban Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaikhorst, Lisa; Beishuizen, Jos J.; Zijlstra, Bonne J. H.; Volman, Monique L. L.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the effects of a professional development programme aimed at equipping teachers for the challenges of teaching in urban schools. The contribution of the programme to teacher quality and teacher retention was evaluated using a mixed research design in which both quantitative (N?=?133) and qualitative (N?=?42) approaches were…

  2. Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience,…

  3. How Will This Help Me? Evaluating an Accredited Programme to Enhance the Early Professional Development of Newly Qualified Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhodes, Christopher; Nevill, Alan; Allan, Jo

    2005-01-01

    This article reports on the evaluation of an accredited programme to enhance the early professional development of newly qualified teachers within the Black Country region of the English West Midlands. Newly qualified teachers participating in the accredited programme, their induction tutors, newly qualified teachers not participating in the…

  4. Typology of delivery quality: latent profile analysis of teacher engagement and delivery techniques in a school-based prevention intervention, keepin' it REAL curriculum.

    PubMed

    Shin, YoungJu; Miller-Day, Michelle; Pettigrew, Jonathan; Hecht, Michael L; Krieger, Janice L

    2014-12-01

    Enhancing the delivery quality of school-based, evidence-based prevention programs is one key to ensuring uniform program effects on student outcomes. Program evaluations often focus on content dosage when implementing prevention curricula, however, less is known about implementation quality of prevention content, especially among teachers who may or may not have a prevention background. The goal of the current study is to add to the scholarly literature on implementation quality for a school-based substance use prevention intervention. Twenty-five schools in Ohio and Pennsylvania implemented the original keepin' REAL (kiR) substance use prevention curriculum. Each of the 10, 40-45 min lessons of the kiR curriculum was video recorded. Coders observed and rated a random sample of 276 videos reflecting 78 classes taught by 31 teachers. Codes included teachers' delivery techniques (e.g., lecture, discussion, demonstration and role play) and engagement with students (e.g. attentiveness, enthusiasm and positivity). Based on the video ratings, a latent profile analysis was run to identify typology of delivery quality. Five profiles were identified: holistic approach, attentive teacher-orientated approach, enthusiastic lecture approach, engaged interactive learning approach and skill practice-only approach. This study provides a descriptive typology of delivery quality while implementing a school-based substance use prevention intervention. PMID:25274721

  5. Use Teacher Effectiveness Tools to Enhance Your Coaching Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Richard E.

    2012-01-01

    Coaching is one of the highest profile positions that schools and colleges employ. At the collegiate level, these individuals can even be the highest paid public employees in their states, and successful coaches are often the highest paid individuals in their school districts. But successful coaches can be defined in a number of ways, and…

  6. Designing to cost effectiveness - Enhancing quality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brennan, James R.; Stracener, Jerrell T.

    The authors present a practical application of cost-effectiveness analysis techniques through the definition and solution of a representative design tradeoff study using cost-effectiveness as a figure of merit for quality. They also describe a decision process based on the results of tradeoff studies to provide a method of integrating the 'ilities' with design and manufacturing engineering to help accomplish integrated product development (IPD). While the approach is demonstrated in an aircraft application, the method is equally applicable in almost any product and any operational scenario, military or commercial.

  7. NASA's Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement Initiatives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration celebrated its 25th Anniversary in 1983 at the Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC, with President Reagan in attendance. We look back on the accomplishments of these twenty-five years with pride in our missions and our people. NASA captured the world's imagination during the days of the Apollo mission. So much so, that we now talk about the Apollo era. In the l970s, we moved into the Space Transportation business and in the 199Os, we look forward to having a manned Space Station. Each succeeding mission has presented its own challenge in terms of technology and resources. This is especially true today, when we are being asked to do more with less. To ensure that NASA continues to be a productive and quality conscious agency, one of our highest Agency goals is leadership in the development and application of practices which contribute to high productivity and quality. greatest competitive strength, and this country has a solid scientific and engineering foundation. Traditionally we have spent more money on research and development than Japan and Europe combined, and we are the source of most of this century significant innovations. We should build on this solid base and use it more effectively.

  8. Teacher Research in Secondary Education: Effects on Teachers' Professional and School Development, and Issues of Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meijer, Paulien C.; Oolbekkink, Helma W.; Meirink, Jacobiene A.; Lockhorst, Ditte

    2013-01-01

    This article describes an empirical exploration of three initiatives in which teachers in secondary education (learn to) research their own practice in collaboration with university-based research institutes, aiming at professional development and knowledge construction. We found evidence of professional development, mainly at the level of the…

  9. The Teacher and the World: A Study of Cosmopolitanism as Education. Teacher Quality and School Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, David

    2011-01-01

    Teachers over the world over are seeking creative ways to respond to the problems and possibilities generated by globalization. Many of them work with children and youth from increasingly varied backgrounds, with diverse needs and capabilities. Others work with homogeneous populations and yet are aware that their students will encounter many…

  10. Teacher Quality and Troops to Teachers: A National Study with Implications for Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owings, William A.; Kaplan, Leslie S.; Nunnery, John; Marzano, Robert; Myran, Stephen; Blackburn, David

    2006-01-01

    A 2005 national study surveyed 2,103 Troops to Teachers (T3) program completers and their school administrators using 21 research-based instructional practices and four effective classroom management strategies associated with increased student achievement to determine whether T3s were more effective in the classroom than traditionally prepared…

  11. Do Demographic Factors, School Functioning, and Quality of Student-Teacher Relationships as Rated by Teachers Predict Internalising and Externalising Problems among Norwegian Schoolchildren?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drugli, May Britt; Klokner, Christian; Larsson, Bo

    2011-01-01

    The present study explored the association between child internalising and externalising problems in schools and demographic factors (sex and age), school functioning (academic performance and adaptive functioning) and teacher-reported student-teacher relationship quality in a cross-sectional study using structural equation modelling. The study…

  12. The Qualities of Effective Teachers of High Ability Female Secondary School Students in Singapore: A Comparison of Teachers' and Students' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slatter, Christopher John

    2010-01-01

    A group of high ability students (n = 32) described the qualities of their most effective teachers through a written essay. Analysis of the essays identified 30 different themes within four domains. These themes were used to construct a Likert scale survey and an ipsative comparison which were both administered to 42 teachers and 300 students at a…

  13. School Based Accountability and the Distribution of Teacher Quality among Grades in Elementary Schools. Working Paper 75

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Sarah C.; Ladd, Helen F.

    2012-01-01

    We use North Carolina data to explore the extent to which teachers in the lower grades (K-2) of elementary school are lower quality than in the upper grades (3-5) and to examine the hypothesis that accountability contributes to a shortfall in teacher quality in the lower grades. Our concern with early elementary grades arises from recent studies…

  14. Water Quality Indicators Guide [and Teacher's Handbook]: Surface Waters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terrell, Charles R.; Perfetti, Patricia Bytnar

    This guide aids in finding water quality solutions to problems from sediment, animal wastes, nutrients, pesticides, and salts. The guide allows users to learn the fundamental concepts of water quality assessment by extracting basic tenets from geology, hydrology, biology, ecology, and wastewater treatment. An introduction and eight chapters are…

  15. The Value of Reliable Data: Interactive Data Tools from the National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality. Policy-to-Practice Brief. Number 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality (TQ Center) designed the Interactive Data Tools to provide users with access to state and national data that can be helpful in assessing the qualifications of teachers in the states and the extent to which a state's teacher policy climate generally supports teacher quality. The Interactive Data…

  16. Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Southwest Region

    E-print Network

    Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life enter Southwest Region to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Robert Herman Award Outstanding Doctoral Student

  17. Bio-inspired framework for automatic image quality enhancement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ceresi, Andrea; Gasparini, Francesca; Marini, Fabrizio; Schettini, Raimondo

    2012-01-01

    We propose a bio-inspired framework for automatic image quality enhancement. Restoration algorithms usually have fixed parameters whose values are not easily settable and depend on image content. In this study, we show that it is possible to correlate no-reference visual quality values to specific parameter settings such that the quality of an image could be effectively enhanced through the restoration algorithm. In this paper, we chose JPEG blockiness distortion as a case study. As for the restoration algorithm, we used either a bilateral filter, or a total variation denoising detexturer. The experimental results on the LIVE database will be reported. These results will demonstrate that a better visual quality is achieved through the optimized parameters over the entire range of compression, with respect to the algorithm default parameters.

  18. Evaluation of Objective Quality Measures for Speech Enhancement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yi Hu; Philipos C. Loizou

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we evaluate the performance of several objective measures in terms of predicting the quality of noisy speech enhanced by noise suppression algorithms. The objective measures considered a wide range of distortions introduced by four types of real-world noise at two signal-to-noise ratio levels by four classes of speech enhancement algorithms: spectral subtrac- tive, subspace, statistical-model based, and

  19. Enhancing Teachers' Technological Knowledge and Assessment Practices to Enhance Student Learning in Technology: A Two-year Classroom Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moreland, Judy; Jones, Alister; Northover, Ann

    2001-02-01

    This paper reports on a two-year classroom investigation of primary school (Years 1-8) technology education. The first year of the project explored emerging classroom practices in technology. In the second year intervention strategies were developed to enhance teaching, learning and assessment practices. Findings from the first year revealed that assessment was often seen in terms of social and managerial aspects, such as teamwork, turn taking and co-operative skills, rather than procedural and conceptual technological aspects. Existing formative interactions with students distorted the learning away from the procedural and conceptual aspects of the subject. The second year explored the development of teachers' technological knowledge in order to enhance formative assessment practices in technology, to inform classroom practice in technology, and to enhance student learning. Intervention strategies were designed to enhance the development of procedural, conceptual, societal and technical aspects of technology for teachers and students. The results from this intervention were very positive. This paper highlights the importance of developing teacher expertise pertaining to broad concepts of technology, detailed concepts in different technological areas and general pedagogical knowledge. The findings from this research therefore have implications for thinking about teaching, learning and assessment in technology.

  20. The Effect of the Adoption of the Quality Philosophy by Teachers on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandifer, Cody Clark

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the adoption of the Deming philosophy by teachers and use of the LtoJ[R] process resulted in greater academic achievement. Results of internal consistency analysis indicated that the instrument, the "Commitment to Quality Inventory for Educators," was a reliable measure of the Deming philosophy for…

  1. Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bi Ying Hu; Judit Szente

    2009-01-01

    The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education, including the education of children with exceptional needs are addressed along with recommendations for future

  2. Teachers' Quality, Instructional Strategies and Students' Performance in Secondary School Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okoye, Nnamid S.; Momoh, Solomon O.; Aigbomian, Daniel O.; Okecha, Rita Ebele

    2008-01-01

    The study examined the instruction between two independent variables of Teacher Quality and Instructional Strategy on Students Performance in Secondary School Science. In trying to examine the problem of this study, three null hypotheses were generated for testing at 0.05 level of significance Factorial Analysis of variance design with one…

  3. Framing Quality: Annotated Video-Based Portfolios of Classroom Practice by Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Gail E.; Brennan, Carolyn

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we describe the use of peer learning teams creating annotated video-based portfolios to improve the quality of teacher-child interactions of undergraduate majors in early childhood and family studies. We used the intentional teaching framework (Hamre et al. in "Handbook of Early Education." Guilford Publications, New York,…

  4. Observed Classroom Quality during Teacher Education and Two Years of Professional Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malmberg, Lars-Erik; Hagger, Hazel; Burn, Katharine; Mutton, Trevor; Colls, Helen

    2010-01-01

    The aims of the present study are to investigate whether and how teachers change in their observed classroom quality (emotional and instructional support, classroom organization, and students' engagement; measured with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System observation measure for secondary school [CLASS-S]; Pianta, La Paro, & Hamre, 2006) during…

  5. Water Quality: Water Education for Teachers. A 4-H School Enrichment Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, G. Morgan; Kling, Emily B.

    This looseleaf notebook is a teacher resource package that is designed for enrichment program use. It contains five units dealing with water quality: (1) The Water Cycle; (2) Our Water Supply; (3) Waste/Water Treatment; (4) Water Conservation; (5) Water Pollution. The units provide background information, experiments, stories, poems, plays, and…

  6. Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Bi Ying; Szente, Judit

    2009-01-01

    The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education,…

  7. Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources and…

  8. Professional Development Schools (PDSs) and Social Justice Education: Alternative Notions of "Quality" for Future City Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zenkov, Kristien; Corrigan, Diane; Beebe, Ronald S.; Sells, Sarah; Sell, Corey

    2013-01-01

    Whether explicitly or implicitly, questioning and reformulating the purposes of public schools continues to be both a popular public and policy maker past time. Yet, few current definitions and assessments of school or teacher "quality" consider the social justice-oriented characteristics the authors of this article recognize as most important in…

  9. Student course taking and teacher quality: their effects on achievement and growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald H. Heck; Rochelle Mahoe

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between high school students' curricular positions, their perceptions of the quality of their teachers, and school academic process variables on students' growth rates and ending achievement in mathematics and science. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Multilevel latent curve modeling is used to examine students' growth trajectories using the National Longitudinal Educational

  10. Quality Indicators for Competitive Employment Outcomes: What Special Education Teachers Need to Know in Transition Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooke, Valerie Ann; Revell, Grant; Wehman, Paul

    2009-01-01

    The quality of job outcomes achieved by youth with disabilities who are transitioning into employment varies widely across the country. Special education teachers, youth with disabilities, families, community rehabilitation program (CRP) staff providing employment services, and others involved in assisting transitioning youth can benefit from a…

  11. How Art Teachers Can Enhance Artmaking as a Therapeutic Experience: Art Therapy and Art Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn-Snow, Peggy; D'Amelio, Georgette

    2000-01-01

    Discusses four ways that art teachers can enhance the therapeutic aspects of their lessons: (1) recognize the similarities between the therapeutic and creative processes: (2) empathetically talk with students about their artwork; (3) understand Expressive Therapies Continuum (ETC); and (4) work in collaboration with faculty and staff members. (CMK)

  12. Enhancing Pre-Service Elementary Teachers' Conceptual Understanding of Solution Chemistry with Conceptual Change Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa; Coll, Richard Kevin

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on the use of a constructivist-based pedagogy to enhance understanding of some features of solution chemistry. Pre-service science teacher trainees' prior knowledge about the dissolution of salts and sugar in water were elicited by the use of a simple diagnostic tool. The test revealed widespread alternative conceptions. These…

  13. Using Combinations of Software To Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Critical Thinking Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oppong, Nicholas K.; Russell, Alan

    1998-01-01

    Utilizes the study of quadratic equations to illustrate the use of combinations of software to enhance critical thinking in preservice mathematics teachers. Concludes that the use of multiple software enriches students' learning experiences and improves their critical-thinking skills. (ASK)

  14. Blog-Enhanced ICT Courses: Examining Their Effects on Prospective Teachers' ICT Competencies and Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goktas, Yuksel; Demirel, Turgay

    2012-01-01

    Blogs are used as a technology support tool in teaching-learning processes in contemporary schools, especially in higher education. This paper examines the effects of using blogs on prospective teachers' perceived ICT competencies and perceptions in blog-enhanced ICT courses. Both quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used in the…

  15. Introducing Mobile Technology for Enhancing Teaching and Learning in Bangladesh: Teacher Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shohel, M. Mahruf C.; Power, Tom

    2010-01-01

    This paper reviews the themes emerging from Bangladeshi teachers' experiences of taking part in the initial research and the development stage of a professional development programme they were involved with. The Secondary Teaching and Learning Programme is an information and communications technologies-enhanced supported open distance learning…

  16. The Joy of Learning Enhancing Learning Experience -Improving Learning Quality

    E-print Network

    Halazonetis, Thanos

    involve developing the #12;eTandem Language Learning Integrated in the Curriculum: Reflection fromThe Joy of Learning Enhancing Learning Experience - Improving Learning Quality Proceedings-963-89559-3-7 eTANDEM LANGUAGE LEARNING INTEGRATED IN THE CURRICULUM: REFLECTION FROM STUDENTS'PERSPECTIVES Jue

  17. Genetic enhancement of peanut oil quality and disease resistance

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The objectives of this project were to develop recombinant inbred lines (RILs, derived from SunOleic 97R x NC94022 ) for genetic and genomic studies and enhancement of peanut oil quality and disease resistance. The major fatty acids (oleic acid, linoleic acid, and palmitic acid) were 83.5%, 1.8%, an...

  18. What Do Teachers Think about Quality in the Spanish University?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barandiaran-Galdos, Marta; Barrenetxea Ayesta, Miren; Cardona-Rodriguez, Antonio; del Campo, Juan Jose Mijangos; Olaskoaga-Larrauri, Jon

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to present the opinions of teaching staff at Spanish universities regarding the relative importance of a number of quality factors, and perceived levels of development of those factors in the context of their work. Design/methodology/approach: The paper takes an empirical approach, with the opinions of teaching staff being…

  19. Attribution Error and the Quest for Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mary M.

    2010-01-01

    Social psychologists are persuaded that researchers as well as laymen tend to overestimate the influence of personal traits and underestimate the influence of situations on observed behavior. The author of this article suggests that education researchers and policy makers may be overestimating the role of personal qualities in their quest to…

  20. Need for Equipping Teachers for Quality Higher Education: Exploring How Teachers in Kerala Perceive Quality Practices in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gafoor, Kunnthodi Abdul; Shilna, V.

    2013-01-01

    Over the past few years, India's higher education sector has witnessed remarkable progress. Though the country has the largest and the second largest higher education system in the world in terms of the number of institutions and enrolment respectively, it still faces challenges on several fronts. Quality of higher education (HE) is a…

  1. Quality management and enhancement processes in UK business schools: a review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Myra Hodgkinson; Mike Kelly

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to provide insights into the processes that can be and have been adopted by UK business schools as they attempt to meet the Quality Assurance Agency's concern with the standard of quality management and enhancement. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A review of the literature provides interpretations of quality, quality management and quality enhancement. The

  2. Teachers and Teacher Trainees as Classroom Researchers: Beyond Utopia?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Looy, Linda; Goegebeur, Werner

    2007-01-01

    In Flanders, action research as a means of enhancing quality in initial teacher training and in teaching practice is not as widespread as in some of the neighbouring countries. In this article the authors argue for trainees and qualified teachers setting up and conducting research in their teaching practice. Rather than perceiving this as an…

  3. A Study of the Quality of Practitioner Research in Secondary Education: Impact on Teacher and School Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oolbekkink-Marchand, Helma W.; van der Steen, Janneke; Nijveldt, Mirjam

    2014-01-01

    This study provides insight into the quality of practitioner research and the impact of this on the professional development of the individual teacher and the school as a whole. We examined the quality of practitioner research in relation to the goals of the research. We operationalized the quality of the research in terms of the validities…

  4. Integrating On-Line Technology into Teaching Activities to Enhance Student and Teacher Learning in a New Zealand Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baskerville, Delia

    2012-01-01

    Continuing emphasis given to computer technology resourcing in schools presents potential for web-based initiatives which focus on quality arts teaching and learning, as ways to improve arts outcomes for all students. An arts e-learning collaborative research project between specialist on-line teacher/researchers and generalist primary teachers

  5. The Interaction of Principal and Teacher Instructional Influence as a Measure of Leadership as an Organizational Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Karen M.; Marriott, Christine

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This article presents the design and test of a measure of school leadership as an organizational quality through the interaction of principal and teacher instructional influence. The Organizational Leadership Model hypothesizes four distinct conditions of school leadership, and the analysis investigates the relationship between teacher,…

  6. Demonstrating a Situated Learning Approach for In-Service Teacher Education in Rural India: The Quality Education Programme in Rajasthan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saigal, Anju

    2012-01-01

    Recent educational policy in India has repositioned elementary school teachers as active, reflective practitioners, not just "deliverers" of syllabus material. This article examines innovations in teacher support in Rajasthan's government schools through the "Quality Education Program." Drawing on qualitative research of collaborative learning…

  7. Getting from Here to There: The Roles of Policy Makers and Principals in Increasing Science Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shen, Ji; Gerard, Libby; Bowyer, Jane

    2010-01-01

    In this study we investigate how federal and state policy makers, and school principals are working to improve science teacher quality. Interviews, focused discussions, and policy documents serve as the primary data source. Findings suggest that both policy makers and principals prioritize increasing incentives for teachers entering the science…

  8. From a Caterpillar to a Butterfly: The Growth of a Teacher in Developing Technology-Enhanced Mathematical Investigations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glazer, Evan

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the critical experiences of a middle school mathematics teacher as she progressed from a novice to a knowledgeable creator of technology-enhanced learning activities for her classroom. During an eight week intervention, cognitive apprenticeship strategies (Collins, 1991) were utilized in a partnership with the teacher until…

  9. Inspiring Instructional Change in Elementary School Science: The Relationship between Enhanced Self-Efficacy and Teacher Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandholtz, Judith Haymore; Ringstaff, Cathy

    2014-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined the extent to which teachers' participation in a 3-year professional development program enhanced their self-efficacy and prompted changes in science instruction in the early elementary grades. The study used a mixed-methods design, and included 39 teachers who taught in kindergarten, first grade, or second…

  10. Enhancing the Spaces of Reflection: A Buddy Peer-Review Process within Physical Education Initial Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Penny; Lane, Kathleen; Aldous, David

    2013-01-01

    Innovation in enhancing the reflective abilities of physical education trainee teachers was explored in this study through establishing peer "training buddies" during their school placements. Opportunities for active engagement in peer- and self-reflection were provided to full-time Post-Graduate Secondary Physical Education trainee teachers (n =…

  11. Closing the Gap between Attitudes and Perceptions about ICY-Enhanced Learning among Pre-Service STEM Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barak, Miri

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine pre-service STEM teachers' attitudes and perceptions about the effectiveness of various learning methods and, in specific, the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) as means for enhancing progressive education. The study was conducted among two cohorts of pre-service STEM teachers (N =…

  12. Teachers' Reflections on Pedagogies that Enhance Learning in an Online Course on Teaching for Equity and Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ukpokodu, Omiunota Nelly

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated teachers' reflective perspectives on pedagogies that enhance learning in an online course on "Teaching for equity and social justice" in a teacher education program. Data were collected from survey, alternative anonymous course assessment, interview, and document analysis. Participants identified threaded discussions,…

  13. Challenging, Eye-Opening, and Changing U.S. Teacher Training in Korea: Creating Experiences That Will Enhance Global Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Kevin; Nussli, Natalie

    2014-01-01

    This case study explored the short-term international experience of pre-service teachers to create and enhance global perspectives. These teachers (n = 5), all female graduate students at a university in the U.S., were fully immersed in a foreign culture for three weeks while teaching English to primary and secondary students in Korea. Pre-,…

  14. How Organizations Can Enhance the Quality of Life of Their Clients and Assess Their Results: The Concept of QOL Enhancement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinders, Hans S.; Schalock, Robert L.

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the framework of a dynamic approach to quality of life (QOL) enhancement based on the conceptualization and measurement of individual-referenced quality of life. Sections of the article summarize the premises of QOL enhancement, provide the rationale for a dynamic approach to QOL enhancement, discuss six components of QOL…

  15. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Enhancing CHBE Indoor Air Quality: Biowall Technology

    E-print Network

    the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;Enhancing CHBE Indoor Air Quality: Biowall .............................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Indoor Air Quality..................................................................................................................2 2.2 Improve Air Quality, Health and Wellbeing

  16. CESAME: Providing High Quality Professional Development in Science and Mathematics for K-12 Teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hickman, Paul

    2002-04-01

    It is appropriate that after almost half a century of Science and Mathematics education reform we take a look back and a peek forward to understand the present state of this wonderfully complex system. Each of the components of this system including teaching, professional development, assessment, content and the district K-12 curriculum all need to work together if we hope to provide quality science, mathematics and technology education for ALL students. How do the state and national standards drive the system? How do state policies on student testing and teacher licensure come into play? How do we improve the preparation, retention and job satisfaction of our K-12 teachers? What initiatives have made or are making a difference? What else needs to be done? What can the physics community do to support local efforts? This job is too big for any single organization or individual but we each can contribute to the effort. Our Center at Northeastern University, with support from the National Science Foundation, has a sharply defined focus: to get high quality, research-based instructional materials into the hands of K-12 classroom teachers and provide the support they need to use the materials effectively in their classrooms.

  17. Student-teacher relationship quality and academic adjustment in upper elementary school: the role of student personality.

    PubMed

    Zee, Marjolein; Koomen, Helma M Y; Van der Veen, Ineke

    2013-08-01

    This study tested a theoretical model considering students' personality traits as predictors of student-teacher relationship quality (closeness, conflict, and dependency), the effects of student-teacher relationship quality on students' math and reading achievement, and the mediating role of students' motivational beliefs on the association between student-teacher relationship quality and achievement in upper elementary school. Surveys and tests were conducted among a nationally representative Dutch sample of 8545 sixth-grade students and their teachers in 395 schools. Structural equation models were used to test direct and indirect effects. Support was found for a model that identified conscientiousness and agreeableness as predictors of close, nonconflictual relationships, and neuroticism as a predictor of dependent and conflictual relationships. Extraversion was associated with higher levels of closeness and conflict, and autonomy was only associated with lower levels of dependency. Students' motivational beliefs mediated the effects of dependency and student-reported closeness on reading and math achievement. PMID:23870445

  18. Learning about the Quality of Work That Teachers Expect: Students' Perceptions of Exemplar Marking versus Teacher Explanation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendry, Graham D.; Jukic, Katherine

    2014-01-01

    Assessment is an important element of university curricula for both teachers and students. It provides evidence that students have learned what their teachers expected them to learn. There is good evidence that teachers' use of exemplars in a dedicated marking class held before an assessment task helps students understand what is expected of…

  19. Automating Image Enhancement Optimization Using Image Quality Metrics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gerwe, D.; Luna, C.; Calef, B.

    2014-09-01

    Image enhancement algorithms typically require tuning one or more input parameters to get the best results. Skipping this step or poor choice of values can often result in significant decrease in enhancement level or even degrade the image. This paper demonstrates the utility of image quality metrics in automating this tuning process for Space Situational Awareness imagery of resolved Resident Space Objects. The metrics considered in this study compare an original pristine image to the final displayed image, thus only apply directly to simulated images. However it is shown that a training set can be used to determine the best settings as a function of measureable imaging condition (light level, r0, …) to produce a look-up table that can be used for field collected data.

  20. Design and implementation of two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambert, Lynn

    1994-01-01

    During this summer, I have been part of a four team effort that planned and executed two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes (TEI) for 40 K-8 teachers from this area. The TEI was designed to enhance teachers' background in aeronautics and technology so that they would be better equipped to encourage and to train students in the mathematics, science, and technology fields. The teachers were given a stipend and three graduate credits from Christopher Newport University for their participation in this program. The four ASEE fellows worked together to develop objectives and a schedule of activities for each two-week session based on the program outline given in the grants that were funding this effort. We divided the responsibilities in coordinating and implementing each part of the TEI based on the specific strengths and background of each ASEE fellow. My specific responsibilities were: (1) to develop the course syllabus and generally handle all matters involved with the graduate course; (2) coordinate the follow-up sessions; and (3) design and manage half of the technology sessions that we had scheduled (approximately 30% of the TEI was devoted to technology). Because the first two responsibilities were primarily administrative in nature, I will address only the last. The technology sessions were divided into computer-only and other technologies (e.g., television and digital technology including scanning, digital photography and CD-ROM). I had responsibility for the computer-only technology sessions. The emphasis of these sessions was on use of the Internet specifically to locate and use educational resources. To maximize learning, these sessions were hands-on with two teachers at each computer. Each teacher received instruction in, and actually used, the most popular tools available on the Internet: email (they were given temporary accounts at NASA LaRC), anonymous ftp and archie, gopher and veronica, mosaic, and telnet. Teachers participated in hands-on workshops to learn about these programs, but were also given time during the two-week session to explore on their own and to find resources on the Net that specifically met their needs. In order to ensure that Internet access continues after their return to the classroom, aIl teachers who did not have them also applied for Learning Link accounts (from WHRO, the local public television station) and Virginia Pen accounts (from the Department of Education of Virginia), both of which allow textbased access to Internet. In addition to getting exposure to and practice with Internet tools, teachers were aIso given a hands-on seminar (and also given practice time) on ClarisWorks, an integrated word processing, spreadsheet, database, and paint package. The technology sessions (and TEI as a whole) were enthusiastically received by both new and more experienced teachers as extremely helpful in improving their ability to use technology in developing lesson pIans.

  1. The Rationale for Consuming Cognitive Enhancement Drugs in University Students and Teachers

    PubMed Central

    Sattler, Sebastian; Sauer, Carsten; Mehlkop, Guido; Graeff, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Cognitive enhancement (CE) is the pharmaceutical augmentation of mental abilities (e.g., learning or memory) without medical necessity. This topic has recently attracted widespread attention in scientific and social circles. However, knowledge regarding the mechanisms that underlie the decision to use CE medication is limited. To analyze these decisions, we used data from two online surveys of randomly sampled university teachers (N?=?1,406) and students (N?=?3,486). Each respondent evaluated one randomly selected vignette with regard to a hypothetical CE drug. We experimentally varied the characteristics of the drugs among vignettes and distributed them among respondents. In addition, the respondent’s internalization of social norms with respect to CE drug use was measured. Our results revealed that students were more willing to enhance cognitive performance via drugs than university teachers, although the overall willingness was low. The probability of side effects and their strength reduced the willingness to use CE drugs among students and university teachers, whereas higher likelihoods and magnitudes of CE increased this propensity. In addition, the internalized norm against CE drug use influenced decision making: Higher internalization decreased the willingness to use such medications. Students’ internalized norms more strongly affected CE abstinence compared with those of university teachers. Furthermore, internalized norms negatively interacted with the instrumental incentives for taking CE medication. This internalization limited the influence of and deliberation on instrumental incentives. This study is the first to provide empirical evidence regarding the importance of social norms and their influence on rational decision making with regard to CE. We identified previously undiscovered decision-making patterns concerning CE. Thus, this study provides insight into the motivators and inhibitors of CE drug use. These findings have implications for contending with CE behavior by highlighting the magnitude of potential side effects and by informing the debate regarding the ethics of CE use. PMID:23874778

  2. Sustaining High Quality Teaching and Evidence-based Curricula: Follow-up Assessment of Teachers in the REDI Project

    PubMed Central

    Bierman, Karen L; DeRousie, Rebecca M. Sanford; Heinrichs, Brenda; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Greenberg, Mark T.; Gill, Sukhdeep

    2013-01-01

    Recent research has validated the power of evidence-based preschool interventions to improve teaching quality and promote child school readiness when implemented in the context of research trials. However, very rarely are follow-up assessments conducted with teachers in order to evaluate the maintenance of improved teaching quality or sustained use of evidence-based curriculum components after the intervention trial. In the current study, we collected follow-up assessments of teachers one year after their involvement in the REDI research trial to evaluate the extent to which intervention teachers continued to implement the REDI curriculum components with high-quality, and to explore possible pre-intervention predictors of sustained implementation. In addition, we conducted classroom observations to determine whether general improvements in the teaching quality of intervention teachers (relative to control group teachers) were sustained. Results indicated sustained high-quality implementation of some curriculum components (the PATHS curriculum), but decreased implementation of other components (the language-literacy components). Sustained intervention effects were evident on most aspects of general teaching quality targeted by the intervention. Implications for practice and policy are discussed. PMID:24204101

  3. Service Quality and Students' Satisfaction with the Professional Teacher Development Programmes by Distance Mode in a South African University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oduaran, A. B.

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on the relationship between seven factors that described dimensions of education service quality and overall service quality on one hand, and students' satisfaction with the professional teacher development programmes by distance mode in a South African University on the other. We sought to find out whether students enrolled…

  4. Raising the Bar of Teacher Quality: Accountability, Collaboration, and Social Justice. The Claremont Letter. Volume 1, Issue 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganley, DeLacy Derin; Quintanar, Anita P.; Loop, Lisa S.

    2006-01-01

    Historically, reform efforts to address poor student achievement have focused on a variety of issues other than teacher quality. Movements such as TQM (Total Quality Management), class size reduction (CSR), school leadership, parental involvement, and multicultural curriculum have not directly addressed the power or influence of the individual…

  5. Evaluating Field-Based Placements for Preservice Teachers: Measuring the Mentoring Qualities of the Host Teachers, Student Satisfaction with Placement, and Gathering Program Evaluation Data for N.C.A.T.E. Reaccreditation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smoot, Sharene L.

    This study collected feedback from the preservice teacher participants in a field-based teacher education program at Georgia College and State University. Respondents answered questions about the qualities of their host teachers and the environments of their host schools in the local community. In the 1999-200 school year, the ongoing study…

  6. Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

    2013-02-01

    This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience, professional qualification and teacher academic qualification). It also sought to determine the extent to which each of these four selected variables individually and jointly affected the teachers' report of their instructional assessment practices. A sample of 55 science teachers from nine secondary schools in Barbados was randomly selected to participate in this study. Data was collected by means of a survey and was analyzed using the means and standard deviations of the instructional assessment practices scores and linear, multiple and binary logistic regression. The results of the study were such that the majority of the sample reported good overall instructional assessment practices while only a few participants reported moderate assessment practices. The instructional assessment practices in the area of student knowledge were mostly moderate as indicated by the sample. There were no statistically significant differences between or among the mean scores of the teachers' reported instructional assessment practices based on sex ( t = 0.10; df = 53; p = 0.992), teaching experience ( F[4,50] = 1.766; p = 0.150), the level of professional qualification (F[3,45] = 0.2117; p = 0.111) or the level of academic qualification (F[2,52] = 0.504; p = 0.607). The independent variables (teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification or teacher academic qualification) were not significant predictors of the instructional assessment practices scores. However, teacher sex was a significant predictor of the teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices. The study also found that the joint effect of the variables teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification and teacher academic qualification was not significant in predicting the instructional assessment practices scores of the science teachers. However, the joint effect of these variables was statistically significant ( X 2 = 18.482; df = 10; p = 0.047) in predicting the teachers' reported use of good instructional assessment practices. The best predictor of teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices, though not statistically significant, was the diploma in education professional qualification.

  7. Enhancing Tomo-PIV reconstruction quality by reducing ghost particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Silva, C. M.; Baidya, R.; Marusic, I.

    2013-02-01

    A technique to enhance the reconstruction quality and consequently the accuracy of the velocity vector field obtained in Tomo-PIV experiments is presented here. The methodology involves detecting and eliminating spurious outliers in the reconstructed intensity field (ghost particles). A simulacrum matching-based reconstruction enhancement (SMRE) technique is proposed, which utilizes the characteristic shape and size of actual particles to remove ghost particles in the reconstructed intensity field. An assessment of SMRE is performed by a quantitative comparison of Tomo-PIV simulation results and DNS data, together with a comparison to Tomo-PIV experimental data measured in a turbulent channel flow at a matched Reynolds number (Re? = 937) to the DNS study. For the simulation data, a comparative study is performed on the reconstruction quality based on an ideal reconstruction determined from known particle positions. The results suggest that a significant improvement in the reconstruction quality and flow statistics is achievable at typical seeding densities used in Tomo-PIV experiments. This improvement is further amplified at higher seeding densities, enabling the use of up to twice the typical seeding densities currently used in Tomo-PIV experiments. A reduction of spurious vectors present in the velocity field is also observed based on a median outlier detection criterion. The application of SMRE to Tomo-PIV experimental data shows an improvement in flow statistics, comparable to the improvement seen in simulations. Finally, due to the non-iterative nature of SMRE, the increase in processing time is marginal since only a single pass of the reconstruction algorithm is required.

  8. Closing the Teacher Quality Gap in Philadelphia: New Hope and Old Hurdles. The Third Study of Teacher Quality in Philadelphia. A Report from "Learning from Philadelphia's School Reform"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Useem, Elizabeth; Offenberg, Robert; Farley, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    This study of teacher staffing issues in the School District of Philadelphia explores the degree to which the district has succeeded in upgrading teachers' professional credentials, recruiting and retaining them, and equitably distributing experienced and credentialed teachers across all types of schools. Since the passage of "No Child Left…

  9. Enhancing Early Child Care Quality and Learning for Toddlers at Risk: The Responsive Early Childhood Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landry, Susan H.; Zucker, Tricia A.; Taylor, Heather B.; Swank, Paul R.; Williams, Jeffrey M.; Assel, Michael; Crawford, April; Huang, Weihua; Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Phillips, Beth M.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L.; de Viliers, Jill; de Viliers, Peter; Barnes, Marcia; Starkey, Prentice; Klein, Alice

    2014-01-01

    Despite reports of positive effects of high-quality child care, few experimental studies have examined the process of improving low-quality center-based care for toddler-age children. In this article, we report intervention effects on child care teachers' behaviors and children's social, social-emotional classroom activities (RECC).…

  10. Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Annual Report

    E-print Network

    Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life 2002 Annual Report Southwest theme Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life requires energized people Prosperity and the Quality of Life, SWUTC researchers were active on 28 projects including: develop- ing

  11. Increasing self-efficacy and quality lesson planning using Lesson-Study with elementary preservice teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitchell, Elizabeth Ann

    This qualitative, quasi-experimental study examined if lesson-study could be a successful approach in improving lesson plan quality and increasing self-efficacy levels toward teaching science at the preservice elementary teacher level in North Mississippi. Lesson-Study can be defined as a cycle of instructional improvement in which small groups work together to design and teach a lesson, revising again as needed over the course of a semester. This study described the experiences of two sections of preservice teachers enrolled in a science methods course as they engaged in lesson-study at a comprehensive university in Northeast Mississippi. One section of the class served as the control group while the other section, as the treatment group, received lesson-study over the course of the semester. Data was gathered in the form of interviews, observations, and a self-efficacy survey (STEBI-B). Lesson plans were also graded using a rubric to determine quality level. Findings indicated that, while not statistically significant, the treatment groups scores on the self-efficacy instrument increased more on average than the control groups' scores. There were also positive comments about the lesson study process from the teacher candidates in the treatment group as well as positive behaviors recorded by the researcher. Additionally, according to the external evaluators who graded the final drafts of the lessons, the treatment group had greater gains than the control class on average. These conclusions suggested the lesson study process implemented during the preservice teaching level can be beneficial.

  12. Shaping the Profession That Shapes the Future. Speeches from the AFT/NEA Conference on Teacher Quality (Washington, D.C., September 25-27, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC.

    This publication presents papers given at a 1998 joint meeting of the American Federation of Teachers and National Education Association which focused on teacher quality. One common thread of this conference was criticism of the growing practice of granting emergency certification to unprepared or underprepared teachers. The papers address how to…

  13. Assessment of Preservice Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) Students' Self-Regulation: Implications for Teacher Foundational Enhancement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Terry D.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative dissertation was to examine factors determining self-regulation of pre-service physical education teacher education (PETE) students. There is a gap in the literature on self-regulatory capabilities of pre-service teachers and how they self-regulate their learning. Self-regulation theory, the foundation of this…

  14. A Phenomenological Research Study of the Experience of Teachers in the Virgin Islands Teacher Enhancement in Mathematics and Science Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thurland, Karen C.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of conducting this study was to describe the experience of elementary teachers in a mathematics and science staff development project in the U.S. Virgin Islands. The focus of this study was to describe the meaning teachers attribute to their experience in this three year project, in which many of the national mathematics and science…

  15. Enhancing Teachers' ICT Capacity for the 21st Century Learning Environment: Three Cases of Teacher Education in Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Hyeonjin; Choi, Hyungshin; Han, Jeonghye; So, Hyo-Jeong

    2012-01-01

    Korean teachers are generally considered well trained to integrate ICT into their teaching since the inception of the first IT Master Plan of Korea in 1996. However, the emergence and adoption of cutting-edge technologies create demands for evolving roles and competencies of teachers in the new knowledge society. Given this changing landscape of…

  16. Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality. A Statement by the Policy and Impact Committee of the Committee for Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Committee for Economic Development, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This CED report examines teacher pay and other compensation issues. Schools must be able to compete effectively for college-educated workers who have more career choices and see themselves as more mobile professionally than did earlier generations. Traditional compensation policies for teachers (salary schedules that reward only longevity and…

  17. Online naphazoline quality control by micellar-enhanced spectrofluorimetry.

    PubMed

    Peralta, Cecilia Mariana; Silva, Raúl Alejandro; Fernández, Liliana Patricia; Masi, Adriana Noemí

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a method for online spectrofluorimetric quality control of naphazoline (NPZ) in pharmaceuticals and raw drugs. A combination of a flow-injection analysis (FIA) system with micellar-enhanced fluorescence detection is presented as a powerful alternative for the rapid and sensitive analysis of naphazoline. Since NPZ shows low native fluorescence, the use of an anionic surfactant, such as sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), provides a considerable enhancement of fluorescence intensity and the nature of the technique allows a possible and easy adaptation to a FIA system. Using ?(exc) = 280 nm and ?(em) = 326 nm, a good linear relationship (LOL) was obtained in the range 0.003-10 µg mL(-1) with a detection limit (LOD) of 3 × 10(-4) µg mL(-1) (s/n = 3). Parameters related to the nature of the analytical signal and to the FIA manifold were optimized. Satisfactory recoveries were obtained in the analysis of commercial pharmaceutical formulations. The proposed method is simple, accurate and allows for high-speed sampling and considerably shorter analysis times. In addition, it requires inexpensive equipment and reagents and has easy operational conditions and no side effects, thus avoiding environmental pollution through toxic waste. PMID:21538792

  18. Teacher development: a patchwork-text approach to enhancing critical reflection in veterinary and para-veterinary educators.

    PubMed

    Silva-Fletcher, Ayona; May, Hilary; Magnier, Kirsty M; May, Stephen A

    2014-01-01

    Reflection is an essential component of teacher-development programs, and reliable, valid methods to teach, assess, and evaluate reflection are critical. However, it is important that appropriate methods are created for and evaluated across multiple disciplinary backgrounds, as the participants' backgrounds are a major factor in the development of critical reflection. The patchwork-text approach is a narrative process that is predominantly focused on the personal development of the individual. The current study used the patchwork-text approach for the development of reflection in participants with a science background who had not used a reflective approach for personal development before. Twenty summative essays and 103 formative essays from 21 participants who underwent a 1-year higher-education teacher-development program were analyzed to assess whether the quality and quantity of reflective writing was enhanced through a regular, iterative process of reflective writing with feedback. The analysis of the essays involved the use of a predefined set of criteria for identifying the different reflective levels from 1 to 4 and the calculation of a reflective score to evaluate the overall development. The results show a clear improvement of higher-level critical thinking as the participants progressed through their course. Higher levels of reflection were achieved particularly where a unit focused on a familiar area for the participant as opposed to one in which the participant had less experience. The analysis provides evidence that the patchwork text is a useful method for development and evaluation of reflection in participants with a veterinary/animal-science base. PMID:24589866

  19. Southwest Region University Transportation Center Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life

    E-print Network

    and the Quality of Life Annual ReportAnnual ReportAnnual ReportAnnual Report #12;Credits Editor: Barbara Lorenz Report 2004 Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Consortium Members

  20. Education Level and Stability as It Relates to Early Childhood Classroom Quality: A Survey of Early Childhood Program Directors and Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mims, Sharon U.; Scott-Little, Catherine; Lower, Joanna K.; Cassidy, Deborah J.; Hestenes, Linda L.

    2008-01-01

    The field of early care and education is continually seeking to determine factors that contribute to the overall quality of the education for young children. Individual characteristics of teachers, including education level, have been associated with classroom quality. Program demographics, including turnover rate for teachers, also have had…

  1. The Influence of Vocal Qualities and Confirmation of Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers on Student Receiver Apprehension, Affective Learning, and Cognitive Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Chia-Fang

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the influence of teacher vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors on student learning. Students (N = 197) enrolled in nonnative English-speaking teachers' classes completed a battery of instruments. Results indicated that both vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors were negatively related to receiver apprehension,…

  2. "I'm Prepared for Anything Now": Student Teacher and Cooperating Teacher Interaction as a Critical Factor in Determining the Preparation of "Quality" Elementary Reading Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesley, Mellinee K.; Hamman, Doug; Olivarez, Arturo; Button, Kathryn; Griffith, Robin

    2009-01-01

    This research is an examination of the interactions between 19 pairs of student teachers and cooperating teachers engaged in guided reading instruction in Grades 1 through 3. As the basis for the study, the authors analyzed interaction patterns through conducting content analysis (Van Sluys, Lewison, & Seely Flint, 2006) and discourse analysis…

  3. Enhancing the Development of Pre-Service Teacher Professional Identity via an Online Classroom Simulation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrington, Lisa; Kervin, Lisa; Ferry, Brian

    2011-01-01

    The development of a professional identity plays an important part in pre-service teacher education. However, very little is explicitly taught about how one can develop a teacher professional identity via pre-service teacher education (Allen, 2005:1). Rather, as a pre service teacher progresses through their degree, they are expected to develop…

  4. Enhancing Students' Engagement: Report of a 3-Year Intervention with Middle School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Julianne C.; Christensen, Andrea; Kackar-Cam, Hayal Z.; Trucano, Meg; Fulmer, Sara M.

    2014-01-01

    All teachers (N = 32) at one middle school participated in a university-led intervention to improve student engagement. Teachers discussed four principles of motivation and related instructional strategies. Teachers enacted instructional strategies in their classrooms. We observed six randomly selected teachers and their students over 3 years.…

  5. Quality of Internet Use by Teachers in the United Arab Emirates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alghazo, Iman M.

    2006-01-01

    This study took place in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to examine teachers' use of the Internet, identify obstacles teachers face in using the Internet, and identify parties that support them to use the Internet in their classrooms. Data were collected from 443 elementary and secondary teachers throughout the country using the Teacher Internet…

  6. Prioritizing Teaching Quality in a New System of Teacher Evaluation. Education Outlook. No. 9

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Heather; Herlihy, Corinne

    2011-01-01

    Teachers are the most important school-level factor in student success--but as any parent knows, all teachers are not created equal. Reforms to the current quite cursory teacher evaluation system, if done well, have the potential to remove the worst-performing teachers and, even more important, to assist the majority in improving their craft.…

  7. Navigating the Turbulent Seas of Education Reform for English Language Learners: How Leadership Affects Teacher Quality and Educational Opportunity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    da Silva, Catarina Alexandra

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to provide insight into the challenges educational leaders face in their efforts to improve teaching and learning for English language learners within a context of increased testing and accountability. I examine the assumptions underpinning leadership practices to understand how teacher quality and student…

  8. The Quality of Local District Assessments Used in Nebraska's School-Based Teacher-Led Assessment and Reporting System (STARS)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookhart, Susan M.

    2005-01-01

    A sample of 293 local district assessments used in the Nebraska STARS (School-based Teacher-led Assessment and Reporting System), 147 from 2004 district mathematics assessment portfolios and 146 from 2003 reading assessment portfolios, was scored with a rubric evaluating their quality. Scorers were Nebraska educators with background and training…

  9. Elementary Teachers' Learning to Construct High-Quality Mathematics Lesson Plans: A Use of the IES Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ding, Meixia; Carlson, Mary Alice

    2013-01-01

    This study explored a group of elementary teachers' ("n" = 35) learning to construct high-quality lesson plans that foster student understanding of fundamental mathematical ideas. The conceptual framework for this study was gleaned from the recently released Institute of Education Sciences (IES) recommendations, including (a)…

  10. Linking School and Community To Build National Recruitment and Preparation Programs for Teachers of Color: Emerging Leadership Qualities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Mildred J.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the emerging leadership qualities needed to establish and administer programs to recruit and prepare teachers of color. The discussion is derived from experience with the Pathways to Teaching Careers initiative funded by the DeWitt Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund. The importance of linking efforts by educational leaders is stressed. (SLD)

  11. Relations of Children's Effortful Control and Teacher-Child Relationship Quality to School Attitudes in a Low-Income Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silva, Kassondra M.; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Sulik, Michael J.; Valiente, Carlos; Huerta, Snjezana; Edwards, Alison; Eggum, Natalie D.; Kupfer, Anne S.; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Phillips, Beth M.; Wilson, Shauna B.; Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine; Landry, Susan H.; Swank, Paul R.; Assel, Michael A.; Taylor, Heather B.

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of children's effortful control and quality of relationships with teachers to school attitudes longitudinally in an ethnically diverse and economically disadvantaged sample. Data were collected as part of a larger intervention project during mid-fall, winter, and late spring…

  12. An Integrative View of School Functioning: Transactions between Self-Regulation, School Engagement, and Teacher-Child Relationship Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portilla, Ximena A.; Ballard, Parissa J.; Adler, Nancy E.; Boyce, W. Thomas; Obradovic, Jelena

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the dynamic interplay between teacher-child relationship quality and children's behaviors across kindergarten and first grade to predict academic competence in first grade. Using a sample of 338 ethnically diverse 5-year-old children, nested path analytic models were conducted to examine bidirectional pathways between…

  13. Principals' Responses to the Teacher Quality Provision of the No Child Left behind Act of 2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynn, Michael Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    Since the passage of the No Child Left Behind legislation in 2002, principals have been held accountable for fulfilling a segment of it known as the Teacher Quality provision. This study examines how principals with varying levels of capacity to address the problem were either successful or unsuccessful in meeting the mandate using a wide variety…

  14. Thermosonication as a potential quality enhancement technique of apple juice.

    PubMed

    Abid, Muhammad; Jabbar, Saqib; Hu, Bing; Hashim, Malik Muhammad; Wu, Tao; Lei, Shicheng; Khan, Muhammad Ammar; Zeng, Xiaoxiong

    2014-05-01

    Enzymatic browning and microbial growth lead to quality losses in apple products. In the present study, fresh apple juice was thermosonicated using ultrasound in-bath (25 kHz, 30 min, 0.06 W cm(-3)) and ultrasound with-probe sonicator (20 kHz, 5 and 10 min, 0.30 W cm(-3)) at 20, 40 and 60°C for inactivation of enzymes (polyphenolase, peroxidase and pectinmethylesterase) and microflora (total plate count, yeast and mold). Additionally, ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids, flavonols, pH, titratable acidity, (°)Brix and color values influenced by thermosonication were investigated. The highest inactivation of enzymes was obtained in ultrasound with-probe at 60°C for 10 min, and the microbial population was completely inactivated at 60°C. The retention of ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids and flavonols were significantly higher in ultrasound with-probe than ultrasound in-bath at 60°C. These results indicated the usefulness of thermosonication for apple juice processing at low temperature, for enhanced inactivation of enzymes and microorganisms. PMID:24373787

  15. Mathematics in the Middle: Enhancing Teachers' Understanding of the Interplay Between "School Math" and Professional Uses of Mathematics

    E-print Network

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    Mathematics in the Middle: Enhancing Teachers' Understanding of the Interplay Between "School Math" and Professional Uses of Mathematics Barbara Garii, Assistant Professor of Curriculum and Instruction (garii-Oswego Abstract As American society becomes more technologically reliant, applications of mathematics are less

  16. Using Theoretical Models to Examine the Acceptance Behavior of Mobile Phone Messaging to Enhance Parent-Teacher Interactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Li-Hsing; Hung, Chang-Liang; Chen, Hui-Chun

    2013-01-01

    Student academic performance and social competence are influenced positively by parent involvement; effective parent-teacher communication not builds parent reliance on a school, it enhances parent knowledge of raising children. As information technology develops rapidly, it is already a trend that e-communication is replacing traditional paper…

  17. Enhancing Eighth Grade Students' Learning of Buoyancy: The Interaction of Teachers' Instructional Approach and Students' Learning Preference Styles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    She, Hsiao-Ching

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates the potential of enhancing students' learning of difficult science concepts by exploring the interaction between teachers' four different instructional approaches and students' four different learning preference styles. Students' immediate performance and their retention for learning of buoyancy concepts serve to examine…

  18. Evaluating Quality in Computer-Enhanced Learning Materials in Engineering Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph G. Tront

    Computer-enhanced learning materials can enhance the engineering learning environment in a number of different ways. However, faculty members are generally hesitant to use materials that have not undergone a proper review process to evaluate the quality of the materials. The purpose of this paper is to discuss a set of quality criteria and methods useful in determining the utility of

  19. Summary of strategies for planning Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Summary of NASA Strategies for Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement respond to NASA's eighth top goal: Establish NASA as a leader in the development and application of advanced technology and management practices which contribute to significant increases in both Agency and national productivity. The Strategies provide the framework for development of the agency-wide Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE) Plans.

  20. Inspiring Instructional Change in Elementary School Science: The Relationship Between Enhanced Self-efficacy and Teacher Practices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandholtz, Judith Haymore; Ringstaff, Cathy

    2014-10-01

    This longitudinal study examined the extent to which teachers' participation in a 3-year professional development program enhanced their self-efficacy and prompted changes in science instruction in the early elementary grades. The study used a mixed-methods design, and included 39 teachers who taught in kindergarten, first grade, or second grade classrooms in rural school districts. Data sources, administered pre-program and at the end of each year, included a self-efficacy assessment and teacher survey. Interviews and classroom observations provided corroborating data about teachers' beliefs and science instruction. Results showed significant increases in teachers' overall self-efficacy in teaching science, personal efficacy, and outcome expectancy efficacy during the 3 years. Gains in self-efficacy were correlated with changes in reported instructional practices, particularly student participation activities. However, changes in self-efficacy tended not to be correlated with changes in instructional time. Contextual factors beyond teachers' direct control, such as curricular and testing requirements in mathematics and language arts influenced time allotted to science instruction.

  1. Gettering and passivation techniques for quality enhancement of multicrystalline silicon

    SciTech Connect

    Rohatgi, A.; Chen, Z.; Sana, P.; Evers, N.; Ramanachalam, R.; Doolittle, A. (School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States))

    1994-06-30

    A detailed investigation of quality enhancement techniques, such as PECVD SiO[sub 2]/SiN and forming gas anneal (FGA) for defect passivation, and Al and P diffusion for defect and impurity gettering, was conducted on promising PV multicrystalline Si materials. In selected cases FZ single crystal Si was used as baseline. It was found that PECVD SiO[sub 2] followed by photo-assisted anneal can result in extremely low surface recombination velocity ([lt]2 cm/s) on 500 [Omega]-cm FZ wafers, and very low interface state density (1--5[times]10[sup 10] eV[sup [minus]1] cm[sup [minus]2]) on 10 [Omega]-cm FZ wafers. The PECVD SiO[sub 2]/SiN coating increases the effective lifetime by a factor of 2 to 10, and decrease the surface recombination by a factor of 5--22, depending upon the multicrystalline material. Al treatment was found to getter process-induced as well as grown-in defects and impurities by providing a sink near the Al/Si interface. This is in addition to the BSF and light trapping effect of Al treatment. Presence of high stress or dislocation density in the material was found to enhance the gettering efficiency of the Al process. A 930 [degree]C phosphorus diffusion followed by an etch back was found to be optimum for emitter formation in multicrystalline Si cells, which resulted in high bulk lifetime without significant penalty from the heavy doping effects. PECVD SiO/SiN passivation of cast material increased bulk lifetime in the solar cell from 10 [mu]s to 20 [mu]s, and decreased the front surface recombination velocity from 2[times]10[sup 5] cm/s to 5[times]10[sup 4] cm/s. Finally, FGA in conjunction with Al treatment improved EFG Si cells efficiency by 5.3%, with 2.6% improvement resulting from the FGA alone, 1.5% from Al gettering alone, and 1.2% from Al diffusion and FGA interaction.

  2. DRINKING WATER MICROBIOLOGY - NEW DIRECTIONS TOWARD WATER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Many concerns result from information on new waterborne agents, treatment problems of raw water qualities, biofilm development in some distribution systems, and special quality needs unique to hospitals and industries. Protozoan cyst penetration after some disinfection practices ...

  3. Children’s Attendance Rates and Quality of Teacher-Child Interactions in At-Risk Preschool Classrooms: Contribution to Children’s Expressive Language Growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jessica A. R. Logan; Shayne B. Piasta; Laura M. Justice; Christopher Schatschneider; Stephen Petrill

    The present research examines whether children’s daily attendance rates would be predictive of gains in expressive language\\u000a within the context of high-quality preschool classrooms. The quality of preschool classrooms was assessed by measuring the\\u000a quality of the teacher’s interactions with the children in his or her classroom. Hierarchical linear models, nesting children\\u000a within classroom, were used to examine children’s growth

  4. Quality Management and Enhancement Processes in UK Business Schools: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgkinson, Myra; Kelly, Mike

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to provide insights into the processes that can be and have been adopted by UK business schools as they attempt to meet the Quality Assurance Agency's concern with the standard of quality management and enhancement. Design/methodology/approach: A review of the literature provides interpretations of quality,…

  5. ENHANCEMENT OF SERVICE QUALITY IN INTERNET-MARKETING THROUGH APPLICATION OF THE SIX SIGMA PROCESS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tai-Chang Hsia; Shui-Chuan Chen; Kun-Sheng Chen

    2009-01-01

    Thomas' (2003) Six Sigma DMAIC (define, measure, analyze, improve and control) quality control system was used to establish a system to enhance consumer satisfaction with the service quality of products marketed on the Internet. This study included five steps. First, we defined importance and satisfaction in service quality. Second, we measured customer acceptability using a survey (containing dimensions of importance

  6. The Role of Teacher Quality in Retention and Hiring: Using Applications to Transfer to Uncover Preferences of Teachers and Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd, Don; Lankford, Hamp; Loeb, Susanna; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Wyckoff, Jim

    2011-01-01

    Many large urban school districts are rethinking their personnel management strategies, often giving increased control to schools in the hiring of teachers, reducing, for example, the importance of seniority. If school hiring authorities are able to make good decisions about whom to hire, these reforms have the potential to benefit schools and…

  7. Alfacalcidol enhances collagen quality in ovariectomized rat bones

    PubMed Central

    Nagaoka, Hideaki; Terajima, Masahiko; Yamada, Shizuka; Azuma, Yoshiaki; Chida, Takayuki; Yamauchi, Mitsuo

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of alfacalcidol (1?(OH)D3: ALF) on bone collagen employing an ovariectomized rat model. Thirty-five 16-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: SHAM (sham-operated?+?vehicle), OVX (ovariectomy?+?vehicle), and three ALF-treated groups, that is, ovariectomy?+?0.022?µg/kg/day ALF, ovariectomy?+?0.067?µg/kg/day ALF, and ovariectomy?+?0.2?µg/kg/day ALF. After 12 weeks of treatment, tibiae were subjected to histological, biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses. Collagen matrices in OVX bone appeared as immature and poorly organized; however, with the ALF treatment, it was improved in a dose-dependent manner. Contents of collagen and pyridinoline cross-link were decreased in OVX compared with SHAM, but they increased to the level comparable to SHAM in ALF-treated groups. The total aldehyde, that is, a sum of free and those involved cross-links, in the highest dose of ALF was significantly higher than the rest of the groups (p?enhances the maturation of collagen in ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic bones, which likely contributes to the improvement of bone quality. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 32:1030–1036, 2014. PMID:24809324

  8. Coaching to Enhance Quality of Implementation in Prevention

    PubMed Central

    Dusenbury, Linda; Hansen, William B.; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Pittman, Donna; Wilson, Cicely; Simley, Kathleen; Ringwalt, Christopher; Pankratz, Melinda; Giles, Steven

    2010-01-01

    Purpose This study describes topics covered by coaches assisting teachers implementing a research-based drug prevention program and explores how coaching affected student outcomes. Design The All Stars drug prevention curriculum was implemented by 16 urban teachers who received four coaching sessions. Two coaches participated. Coaches were interviewed by investigators to assess topics covered. Students completed pretest-posttest measures of mediators and substance use behaviors. Findings The average teacher was coached on 11.7 different topics, out of a total of 23 topics. Coaching topics most heavily emphasized included: introduction and wrap up; time management; general classroom management; teacher's movement around the class; asking open-ended questions; using students' questions, comments and examples to make desired points; general preparation; engaging high-risk youth; reading from the curriculum; implementing activities correctly; focusing on objectives and goals; maintaining a focus on the task; and improving depth of understanding. Seven coaching topics were found to relate to changes in student mediators and behavior. Research Limitations/Implications The current study was exploratory. Future research should explore how teachers develop the particular skills required by prevention programs and how coaches can assist them. Practical Implications We postulate five levels of skill development which coaches may address: (1) fundamental teaching skills, (2) mechanics of program delivery, (3) development of an interactive teaching style, (4) effective response to student input, and (5) effective tailoring and adaptation. Originality/Value This represents one of a very few studies that explores how coaching impacts outcomes in substance abuse prevention. PMID:22022672

  9. An effective quality evaluation protocol for speech enhancement algorithms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John H. L. Hansen; Bryan L. Pellom

    1998-01-01

    Much progress has been made in speech enhancement algorithmformulation in recent years. However, while researchersin the speech coding and recognition communitieshave standard criteria for algorithm performance comparison,similar standards do not exist for researchers inspeech enhancement. This paper discusses the necessaryingredients for an effective speech enhancement evaluation.We propose that researchers use the evaluation core testset of TIMIT (192 sentences), with a

  10. Action Research: Teacher Practices that Enhance Belonging of Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Christine Schroder

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this action research study was to support the members of a fourth grade inclusion team, namely three fourth grade teachers and a teacher assistant in (1) developing a deeper understanding of student belongingness, (2) identifying teacher practices that contribute to a student's sense of belongingness, and (3) developing and…

  11. Using Virtual Technology to Enhance Field Experiences for Pre-Service Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billingsley, Glenna M.; Scheuermann, Brenda K.

    2014-01-01

    Teacher educators of pre-service teachers of students with special needs face challenges in providing the unique knowledge and skills required of highly qualified special education teachers. The emerging use of various forms of virtual technology, however, offers realistic solutions to these problems. This systematic review of literature examines…

  12. Initiating Opportunities to Enhance Preservice Teachers' Pedagogical Knowledge: Perceptions about Mentoring At-Risk Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garza, Ruben

    2012-01-01

    Providing preservice teachers in urban settings with authentic educational experiences may be an effective approach in preparing them to teach diverse students. Therefore, this investigation examined preservice teachers' perceptions of mentoring at-risk high school students. Data analysis reflected preservice teachers' positive experiences and…

  13. Teacher Teams: Exploring Job Characteristics and Work-Related Outcomes of Work Group Enhancement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pounder, Diana G.

    1999-01-01

    Explores how teacher teams influence middle-school teachers' work characteristics and other work-related variables. Participating teachers whose jobs had a work-group emphasis (interdisciplinary teaming) reported significantly higher skill variety, knowledge of students, satisfaction, professional commitment, motivation, and team helpfulness and…

  14. Information Literacy Follow-Through: Enhancing Preservice Teachers’ Information Evaluation Skills Through Formative Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara Robertson Seely; Sara Winstead Fry; Margie Ruppel

    2011-01-01

    An investigation into preservice teachers’ information evaluation skills at a large university suggests that formative assessment can improve student achievement. Preservice teachers were asked to apply information evaluation skills in the areas of currency, relevancy, authority, accuracy, and purpose. The study used quantitative methods to assess preservice teachers’ evaluation skills as demonstrated within the context of a final project, or

  15. Using Online Scaffolds to Enhance Preservice Teachers' Reflective Journal Writing: A Qualitative Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guolin Lai; Brendan Calandra

    2007-01-01

    Journal writing has the potential to develop preservice teachers' reflective thinking habits and skills. Recently, the growth of computer technology renders it possible for preservice teachers to write journals online. The Professional Accountability Support System (PASS- PORT), for example, allows preservice teachers to write journals about their professional and academic experiences. However, PASS-PORT currently does not have any embedded scaffolds

  16. Using Collaborative Technology to Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnelly, Dermot Francis; Hume, Anne

    2015-01-01

    Background: Supporting pre-service teacher (PT) collaboration as a means of professional learning is a challenging but essential task for effective practice. However, teacher placements or practicums in schools, which is common practice within teacher education programmes, can often isolate PTs from sharing their experiences with each other.…

  17. Closing the Teacher Quality Gap in Philadelphia: New Hope and Old Hurdles. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Useem, Elizabeth; Offenberg, Robert; Farley, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    This study of teacher staffing issues in the School District of Philadelphia, the third in a series, outlines the degree to which the district has succeeded in upgrading teachers' professional credentials, recruiting and retaining them, and equitably distributing experienced and credentialed teachers across all types of schools. Since the passage…

  18. Using Performance-Based Pay to Improve the Quality of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavy, Victor

    2007-01-01

    Tying teachers' pay to their classroom performance should, says Victor Lavy, improve the current educational system both by clarifying teaching goals and by attracting and retaining the most productive teachers. But implementing pay for performance poses many practical challenges, because measuring individual teachers' performance is difficult.…

  19. Seniority Provisions in Collective Bargaining Agreements and the "Teacher Quality Gap"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Feng, Li; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

    2013-01-01

    For at least two decades, studies have demonstrated that the least experienced and credentialed teachers are concentrated in poor, minority, and low-performing schools. Some blame provisions in collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) between teachers unions and school districts that favor senior teachers. Seniority preference rules, they say,…

  20. Effective Schools: Managing the Recruitment, Development, and Retention of High-Quality Teachers. Working Paper 37

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beteille, Tara; Kalogrides, Demetra; Loeb, Susanna

    2009-01-01

    Teachers are systematically sorted across schools. Often, schools serving the lowest-achieving students are staffed by the least-skilled teachers. While teachers' school preferences account for some of the sorting, school practices are also likely to be a key factor. Using value-added methods, the authors examine the relationship between a…

  1. Quality-factor enhancement of supermodes in coupled microdisks.

    PubMed

    Benyoucef, M; Shim, J-B; Wiersig, J; Schmidt, O G

    2011-04-15

    We investigate the optical modes in a coupled pair of semiconductor microdisks in symmetric and asymmetric configurations both experimentally and theoretically. While the quality factors of coupled first- and second-order whispering gallery modes (WGMs) show a conventional crossing, the quality factors of the same-order WGMs reveal an interesting splitting behavior, leading to the formation of high- and low-quality supermodes. Our results are reproduced by numerical simulations, and an explanation based on optical interference is suggested. Quality-factor splitting is a subtle phenomenon that might help to design microarchitectures for efficient optical coupling in cavity quantum electrodynamic experiments. PMID:21499342

  2. The Empty Nest Syndrome: Ways to Enhance Quality of Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Dianbing; Yang, Xinxiao; Aagard, Steve Dale

    2012-01-01

    Empty nest syndrome occurs as a result of urbanization and loosened relationships among family members. It may threaten the life quality of older adults and stability of society as a whole. This survey was designed to investigate the situation and factors that influence the life quality of a sample of older adults in a western state. Thirty-five…

  3. Placements: An Underused Vehicle for Quality Enhancement in Higher Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kettis, Asa; Ring, Lena; Gustavsson, Maria; Wallman, Andy

    2013-01-01

    Placements have the potential to contribute more effectively to the quality of higher education. The aim of this article is to discuss how placements can be made more worthwhile for individual students, while also contributing to the overall quality of teaching and learning at HEIs as well as to the development of workplace cultures that are…

  4. Concentrated biogas slurry enhanced soil fertility and tomato quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fang-Bo Yu; Xi-Ping Luo; Cheng-Fang Song; Miao-Xian Zhang; Sheng-Dao Shan

    2010-01-01

    Biogas slurry is a cheap source of plant nutrients and can offer extra benefits to soil fertility and fruit quality. However, its current utilization mode and low content of active ingredients limit its further development. In this paper, a one-growing-season field study was conducted to assess the effects of concentrated biogas slurry on soil property, tomato fruit quality, and composition

  5. Experimental impacts of a teacher professional development program in Chile on preschool classroom quality and child outcomes.

    PubMed

    Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Leyva, Diana; Snow, Catherine E; Trevińo, Ernesto; Barata, M Clara; Weiland, Christina; Gomez, Celia J; Moreno, Lorenzo; Rolla, Andrea; D'Sa, Nikhit; Arbour, Mary Catherine

    2015-03-01

    We assessed impacts on classroom quality and on 5 child language and behavioral outcomes of a 2-year teacher professional-development program for publicly funded prekindergarten and kindergarten in Chile. This cluster-randomized trial included 64 schools (child N = 1,876). The program incorporated workshops and in-classroom coaching. We found moderate to large positive impacts on observed emotional and instructional support as well as classroom organization in prekindergarten classrooms after 1 year of the program. After 2 years of the program, moderate positive impacts were observed on emotional support and classroom organization. No significant program impacts on child outcomes were detected at posttest (1 marginal effect, an increase in a composite of self-regulation and low problem behaviors, was observed). Professional development for preschool teachers in Chile can improve classroom quality. More intensive curricular approaches are needed for these improvements to translate into effects on children. PMID:25706589

  6. Children with Communication Impairments: Caregivers' and Teachers' Shared Book-Reading Quality and Children's Level of Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaderavek, Joan N.; Pentimonti, Jill M.; Justice, Laura M.

    2014-01-01

    This study addressed two aims: First, to examine the quality of adult shared book-reading behaviors for teachers and caregivers of children with communication impairments (CI) and, second, to compare the level of child literacy engagement during the teacher-led (group) and caregiver-led (one-on-one) shared book-reading sessions. Sixteen children…

  7. The Production of Australian Professional Development Policy Texts as a Site of Contest: The Case of the Federal Quality Teacher Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Ian

    2009-01-01

    This paper reveals how the provision of teacher professional development is conceptualised within the Australian Government Quality Teacher Programme (AGQTP) policy text and its predecessors, and uses these texts to infer the nature of the production practices associated with the development of these policies. The paper argues that multiple…

  8. Unpacking the Black Box of the Chicago School Readiness Project Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-Child Relationship Quality and Self-Regulation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Stephanie M.; Bub, Kristen L.; Raver, C. Cybele

    2013-01-01

    Research Findings: This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms that include the quality of teacher-child relationships and children's self-regulation. The CSRP is a multicomponent teacher and classroom-focused intervention, and its…

  9. The Influences of LuxX in "Escherichia Coli" Biofilm Formation and Improving Teacher Quality through the Bio-Bus Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Chandan Morris

    2012-01-01

    The objectives of this work are: (1) to agarose-stabilize fragile biofilms for quantitative structure analysis; (2) to understand the influences of LuxS on biofilm formation; (3) to improve teacher quality by preparing Georgia's middle school science teachers to integrate inquiry-based, hands-on research modules in the classroom. Quantitative…

  10. Enhancing Eighth Grade Students' Learning of Buoyancy: The Interaction of Teachers' Instructional Approach and Students' Learning Preference Styles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hsiao-Ching She

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates the potential of enhancing students' learning of difficult science concepts by exploring the interaction\\u000a between teachers' four different instructional approaches and students' four different learning preference styles. Students'\\u000a immediate performance and their retention for learning of buoyancy concepts serve to examine the effects, using the concept\\u000a of “buoyancy,” which has been classified as a difficult concept because

  11. Enhancing Teachers’ Application of Inquiry?Based Strategies Using a Constructivist Sociocultural Professional Development Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brenda R. Brand; Sandra J. Moore

    2011-01-01

    This two?year school?wide initiative to improve teachers’ pedagogical skills in inquiry?based science instruction using a constructivist sociocultural professional development model involved 30 elementary teachers from one school, three university faculty, and two central office content supervisors. Research was conducted for investigating the impact of the professional development activities on teachers’ practices, documenting changes in their philosophies, instruction, and the learning

  12. 75 FR 5040 - Extension of Period for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Patent and Trademark Office [Docket No.: PTO-P-2010-0004...Period for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce. ACTION:...

  13. Nursery Production Technologies for Enhancing Water Quality Protection and Water Conservation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The broad objectives of the Floral and Nursery Research Initiative, Nursery Production Technologies for Enhancing Water Quality Protection and Water Conservation project are to develop economically feasible production systems and management practices that promote water conservation and protect water...

  14. Data quality enhancement in oil reservoir operations : an application of IPMAP

    E-print Network

    Lin, Paul Hong-Yi

    2012-01-01

    This thesis presents a study of data quality enhancement opportunities in upstream oil and gas industry. Information Product MAP (IPMAP) methodology is used in reservoir pressure and reservoir simulation data, to propose ...

  15. Enhancing the quality of case studies in health services research.

    PubMed Central

    Yin, R K

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To provide guidance on improving the quality of case studies in health services research. DATA SOURCES: Secondary data, drawing from previous case study research. RESEARCH DESIGN: Guidance is provided to two audiences: potential case study investigators (eight items) and reviewers of case study proposals (four additional items). PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The guidance demonstrates that many operational steps can be undertaken to improve the quality of case studies. These steps have been a hallmark of high-quality case studies in related fields but have not necessarily been practiced in health services research. CONCLUSIONS: Given higher-quality case studies, the case study method can become a valuable tool for health services research. Images Figure 3 PMID:10591280

  16. CITIZENS WATER QUALITY MONITORING & MARINE HABITAT ENHANCEMENT PROJECT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Plant 9,000 marsh grass plants along Bayou Lafourches banks, the regions hurricane protection levees, and the marshlands surrounding Bayou Lafourche, thereby enhancing coastal areas and marine habitat. These plantings will be designed to simultaneously raise community awareness ...

  17. Formative and summative evaluation efforts for the Teacher Enhancement Institute conducted at the NASA Langley Research Center, summer 1994

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carlson, Randal D.

    1994-01-01

    The Teacher Enhancement Institute (TEI) at NASA Langley Research Center was developed in response to Executive Order 12821 which mandates national laboratories to 'assist in the mathematics and science education of our Nation's students, teachers, parents, and the public by establishing programs at their agency to provide for training elementary and secondary school teachers to improve their knowledge of mathematics and science. Such programs, to the maximum extent possible, shall involve partnerships with universities, state and local elementary and secondary school authorities, corporations and community based organizations'. The faculty worked closely with one another and the invited speakers to insure that the sessions supported the objectives. Speakers were informed of the objectives and given guidance concerning form and function for the session. Faculty members monitored sessions to assist speakers and to provide a quality control function. Faculty provided feedback to speakers concerning general objective accomplishment. Participant comments were also provided when applicable. Post TEI surveys asked for specific comments about each TEI session. During the second of the two, two week institutes, daily critiques were provided to the participants for their reflection. This seemed to provide much improved feedback to speakers and faculty because the sessions were fresh in each participant's mind. Between sessions one and two, some changes were made to the program as a result of the formative evaluation process. Those changes, though, were minor in nature and comprised what may be called 'fine tuning' a well conceived and implemented program. After the objectives were written, an assessment instrument was developed to test the accomplishment of the objectives. This instrument was actually two surveys, one given before the TEI and one given after the TEI. In using such a series, it was expected that changes in the participants induced by attendance at TEI may be discovered. Because the institute was limited in time and depth of exposure, attitudinal changes (self-assessment of ability and confidence) were chosen to be surveyed. On the pre-survey, seven general categories of questions were asked. The post-survey repeated three of these categories, providing a pre and post evaluation of the same questions and added a fourth category which asked the participant to self-assess objective accomplishment. The assessment process for TEI was valuable when one looks at the final accomplishments of the TEI. A number of aspects stand out: (1) formative evaluation during project development allowed the goals and objectives to guide the development of the institute; (2) formative evaluation provided positive guidance to presenters in developing and implementing their session; (3) formative evaluation helped presenters to improve or focus their sessions; (4) summative evaluation provided managers a way to gauge the success of the institute; (5) summative evaluation provided a benchmark for future programs to be measured against.

  18. LSU Virtual Museum: Technology-Enhanced Geoscience Teacher Workshops for Louisiana K-8 Educators.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warny, S.; Egea-Kuehne, D.; Tedford, R.; Lopez, A.

    2007-12-01

    The Virtual Museum, a Louisiana Board of Regents sponsored SELECT program, is a collaborative project between the Museum of Natural Science and the French Education Project at Louisiana State University. It offers Louisiana science teachers, in-training teachers, and immersion teachers a professional development program via six videoconferences. These videoconferences are broadcast from LSU to six distance-learning sites across the entire state of Louisiana. This unique teacher population was selected because in Louisiana, there are two types of K-8 science teachers: teachers in traditional classroom settings and teachers in immersion programs. In the Foreign language Immersion programs, the target language (French or Spanish) is the language of instruction and communication in the classroom. For each videoconference, teachers are provided content material that is prepared by geology faculty and graduate students, example of ongoing field research by LSU faculty members, classroom-ready activities, information on available loan material and on-line resources, training on the unique Scope-On-A-Rope microscope, pre-made PowerPoint presentations and virtual museum photos, all, in French and in English. Three of the videoconferences emphasize regional and statewide earth science topics including Louisiana fossils, rocks and minerals, and field techniques used to interpret Louisiana's geologic history. The activities provided for teachers are hands-on, inquiry based classroom exercises that focus on the availability of local materials. These activities can also be scaled for use in a variety of grade-levels and teachers are encouraged to use these activities in their classrooms. The program has proven to foster new collaboration between science teachers in regular programs and immersion schools while boosting the interest statewide for natural science topics.

  19. Fighting for Quality and Equality, Too: How State Policymakers Can Ensure the Drive to Improve Teacher Quality Doesn't Just Trickle down to Poor and Minority Children. K-12 Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jerald, Craig D.; Haycock, Kati; Wilkins, Amy

    2009-01-01

    If state leaders invest resources and energy wisely, they don't have to choose between excellence and equity. They can improve overall teacher quality and remedy the shameful inequities in access to the single most valuable resource in education--effective teachers. This paper outlines ten steps state policymakers and school district leaders can…

  20. Small Steps Lead to Quality Assurance and Enhancement in Qatar University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Attiyah, Asma; Khalifa, Batoul

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a brief overview of Qatar University's history since it was started in 1973. Its primary focus is on the various small, but important, steps taken by the University to address the needs of quality assurance and enhancement. The Qatar University Reform Plan is described in detail. Its aims are to continually improve the quality

  1. How Can Quality Improvement Enhance the Lives of Children with Disabilities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perrin, James M.

    2012-01-01

    Much attention has aided measurement and improvement in the quality of health care during the past two decades, with new ways to define and measure quality, recognition that doing so can identify strategies to enhance care, and systematic efforts by both government and private insurers to apply these principles. In this article, James Perrin…

  2. An Organizational and Task Perspective Model Aimed at Enhancing Teachers' Professional Development and Occupational Expertise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evers, Arnoud T.; Kreijns, Karel; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.; Gerrichhauzen, John T. G.

    2011-01-01

    Currently, many countries, including the Netherlands, are "plagued" by severe, both quantitative and qualitative, teacher shortages that are even expected to increase in the years to come. Teachers' occupational development, therefore, has become an important issue on the research agenda of the respective countries. It is essential to develop more…

  3. Enhancing TPACK With Assistive Technology: Promoting Inclusive Practices in Preservice Teacher Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew T. Marino; Pauline Sameshima; Constance C. Beecher

    2009-01-01

    As the global community continues the transition from an industrialized factory model to an information and now participatory networked-based society, educational technology will play a pivotal role in preparing students for their futures. Many teacher preparation programs are failing to provide preservice teachers with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions necessary to adopt and utilize technology effectively. This paper presents an

  4. Teacher Enhancement for Elementary and Secondary Science and Mathematics: Status, Issues, and Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzsimmons, Stephen J., Ed.; Kerpelman, Larry C., Ed.

    In order for teachers to improve their effectiveness, they must be knowledgeable about student learning, curriculum developments, and new instructional approaches. This document discusses learning, curriculum reform, and teacher improvement. Chapter 1, "The National Perspective" (Stephen J. Fitzsimmons and Larry C. Kerpelman), prepares the way for…

  5. Towards a New Professionalism: Enhancing Personal and Professional Development in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malm, Birgitte

    2009-01-01

    The diversity and complexity of the post-modern era places new and important challenges on teacher education. The crucial role that personal dispositions have for professional learning needs to be better understood and acknowledged. Teacher training programmes need to focus more on objectives such as promoting conflict literacy, self-awareness,…

  6. Investigating Technologies in Teacher Education: Does PowerPoint Enhance Retention or Influence Attitudes?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giles, Rebecca M.; Baggett, Paige V.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of presentation formats on preservice teachers' ability to retain information along with their perceptions regarding subject matter and instructor's effectiveness. Participants were 79 preservice teachers in three sections of an elementary methods course. Each section received instruction using lecture and…

  7. Enhancing the Science Literacy of Preservice Teachers through the Use of Reflective Journals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Helen L.; Bernhard, James; Kropf, Aaron; Ramirez, Mary Anne; Van Strat, Georgena A.

    This study assessed the impact that reflective journals used in an introductory college science course had on preservice teachers' science literacy. Fourteen preservice teachers enrolled in an introductory physical science course taught using a variety of constructivist instructional methods (hands-on activities, cooperative group work,…

  8. Enhancing the Australian Early Childhood Teacher Education Curriculum about Very Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garvis, Susanne; Lemon, Narelle

    2015-01-01

    Research has shown that the care and education of infants and toddlers is an under-represented area in early childhood teacher education. This is also the case in Australia, meaning that pre-service teachers have few opportunities for learning about infants and toddlers and thus tend to have limited theoretical and practical knowledge about…

  9. Teacher Design Knowledge for Technology Enhanced Learning: An Ecological Framework for Investigating Assets and Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenney, Susan; Kali, Yael; Markauskaite, Lina; Voogt, Joke

    2015-01-01

    Despite the fact that teaching is increasingly referred to as a design science, teacher education programs devote relatively little time to developing expertise in the design of instruction, beyond lesson planning. Yet today's teachers not only plan lessons that incorporate existing classroom activities and instructional resources, they also…

  10. Enhancing the Role of the Arts in Primary Pre-Service Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Dan

    2010-01-01

    This research sought to explore the impact upon pre-service teachers' orientations towards the arts of a performing arts week within a one-year postgraduate teacher education programme. There is evidence from a range of data collected before, during and after the week that it had helped to strengthen participants' self-image as artistic…

  11. Information Literacy Follow-Through: Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Information Evaluation Skills through Formative Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seely, Sara Robertson; Fry, Sara Winstead; Ruppel, Margie

    2011-01-01

    An investigation into preservice teachers' information evaluation skills at a large university suggests that formative assessment can improve student achievement. Preservice teachers were asked to apply information evaluation skills in the areas of currency, relevancy, authority, accuracy, and purpose. The study used quantitative methods to assess…

  12. Using Blended Learning for Enhancing EFL Prospective Teachers' Pedagogical Knowledge and Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badawi, Mohamed Farrag

    2009-01-01

    The basic objective of the present study is to investigate the effectiveness of using blended learning model in developing EFL prospective teachers' pedagogical knowledge and performance. The study sample included 38 EFL Saudi prospective teachers (fourth-year students) at the Faculty of Education & Arts, University of Tabuk, KSA. To collect the…

  13. Examining Mentors' Practices for Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Pedagogical Development in Mathematics and Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Peter

    2007-01-01

    Mentoring is too important to be left to chance (Ganser, 1996), yet mentoring expertise of teachers varies widely, which may present inequities for developing preservice teachers' practices. Five factors for mentoring have been identified herein: personal attributes, system requirements, pedagogical knowledge, modelling, and feedback, and items…

  14. Enhancing Preservice Elementary Teachers' Field Placements in Math and Science through Videoconferencing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irene Plonczak

    This study was designed to examine benefits and challenges of teaching through videoconferencing in the context of students' field placement experiences, particularly as it relates to an inquiry-based approach to teaching and learning math and science. In the context of mathematics and science methods courses, preservice teachers, with the supervision of professors, field placement supervisors and cooperating teachers, taught a

  15. 2006 Revision to the Utah Plan to Ensure High Quality Teachers for All Utah Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utah State Office of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    In a letter dated June 1, 2006, Utah informed the U.S. Department of Education (ED) of its intention to carefully and thoughtfully revise its Highly Qualified Teacher (HQT) plan with the aim of achieving the goal set in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of having all teachers meet highly qualified (HQ) requirements by the end of the 2006-2007…

  16. The National Challenge of Teacher Quality and Student Achievement in Public Schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roselia A Salinas; William Allan Kritsonis

    Research indicates that an increasing demand for teacher accountability and student achievement is at the forefront with the mandate of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001. These challenges will be crucial in urban and rural schools where the need for classroom teachers in critical teaching areas such as bilingual education, special education, mathematics, science, and foreign languages

  17. Certification Requirements and Teacher Quality: A Comparison of Alternative Routes to Teaching. Working Paper 64

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sass, Tim R.

    2011-01-01

    Traditionally, states have required individuals complete a program of study in a university-based teacher preparation program in order to be licensed to teach. In recent years, however, various "alternative certification" programs have been developed and the number of teachers obtaining teaching certificates through routes other than completing a…

  18. Application of Principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) in Teacher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manivannan, M.; Premila, K. S.

    2009-01-01

    The indomitable spirit of higher education paves the way for the growth of a nation in the political, economic, social, intellectual and spiritual dimensions. Teacher education is one of the areas in higher education which trains student-teachers in pedagogy, which in turn helps them to train the young minds of educational institutions. The "Fate…

  19. Mathematics Achievement in Yunnan Province: The Effects of Family, Region, and Teacher Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Yu; Post, David

    2000-01-01

    Examines student mathematics achievement in rural and urban areas of Yunnan Province (China) using a sample of students in 162 schools to study the effect of the students' school location, family background, and teacher qualifications. Reveals that the level of teacher training greatly affects student knowledge. (CMK)

  20. The Distribution of Teacher Quality in Illinois. Policy Research Report: IERC 2005-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeAngelis, Karen J.; Presley, Jennifer B.; White, Bradford R.

    2005-01-01

    This study looks at the distribution of all 140,000 teachers in 2002-2003 among Illinois' public schools using five teacher attributes that have been shown in previous research to be related to student performance and for which they were able to obtain data--college competitiveness, years of experience, type of credential, performance on the Basic…

  1. Teacher Perceptions of Professional Development Required by the Wisconsin Quality Educator Initiative, PI 34

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sixel, Deborah Marie

    2013-01-01

    Existing research has shown an association between teachers' professional growth and student success. However, there is a lack of information on the mandated professional development linked to Wisconsin teacher licensure requirements. The purpose of this study was to examine the phenomenon of self-directed professional development and its…

  2. The Graduate Teacher Programme in England: Mentor Training, Quality Assurance and the Findings of Inspection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookes, Winston

    2005-01-01

    In its recent report on the Graduate Teacher Programme (GTP), an employment-based route to Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) in England, the Government's Office for Standards in Education found that, although almost all trainees meet the standards required to qualify, too often they do so at an adequate level, rather than achieving the high levels of…

  3. The Pursuit of Quality over Quantity in TESOL Teacher Education: Coursework versus Test Only

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sehlaoui, Abdelilah Salim; Shinge, Manjula

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether licensed in-service teachers of English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) in K-12 schools are more knowledgeable in the area of applied linguistics than their nonlicensed counterparts, and whether the ESOL-licensed teachers who have taken courses toward their licensure are more knowledgeable in…

  4. Quality Technology in the Language Classroom: The Views of Graduating Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yule, Dawne

    2006-01-01

    Information communication technology (ICT) outcomes have been incorporated into the current New South Wales (NSW) Teaching Standards document which informs all NSW teachers of the standards they are expected to meet in their schools. In order to qualify to teach and to meet these standards as graduates, preservice teachers must demonstrate a range…

  5. Ultrathin amorphous zinc-tin-oxide buffer layer for enhancing heterojunction interface quality in

    E-print Network

    -blocking layer to enhance the performance of an Earth-abundant metal-oxide solar-cell material. A 5 nm thickUltrathin amorphous zinc-tin-oxide buffer layer for enhancing heterojunction interface quality amorphous ternary metal-oxide buffer layer reduces interface recombination, resulting in sizable open

  6. Multiple Perspectives: Whither Scholarship in the Work of Enhancing the Quality of Teaching and Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dangel, Julie Rainer

    2011-01-01

    Whither Scholarship in the Work of Enhancing the Quality of Teaching and Learning? This is an important query because it acknowledges, embraces, questions, and challenges the role of scholarship in enhancing teaching and learning. Interestingly, these four verbs help the author categorize her perspectives on the use of scholarship. Drawing from…

  7. Measuring perceived video quality of MPEG enhancement by people with impaired vision

    PubMed Central

    Fullerton, Matthew; Woods, Russell L.; Vera-Diaz, Fuensanta A.; Peli, Eli

    2007-01-01

    We used a new method to measure the perceived quality of contrast-enhanced motion video. Patients with impaired vision (n = 24) and normally-sighted subjects (n = 6) adjusted the level of MPEG-based enhancement of 8 videos (4 minutes each) drawn from 4 categories. They selected the level of enhancement that provided the preferred view of the videos, using a reducing-step-size staircase procedure. Most patients made consistent selections of the preferred level of enhancement, indicating an appreciation of and a perceived benefit from the MPEG-based enhancement. The selections varied between patients and were correlated with letter contrast sensitivity, but the selections were not affected by training, experience or video category. We measured just noticeable differences (JNDs) directly for videos, and mapped the image manipulation (enhancement in our case) onto an approximately linear perceptual space. These tools and approaches will be of value in other evaluations of the image quality of motion video manipulations. PMID:18059909

  8. Highlights of contractor initiatives in quality enhancement and productivity improvement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The NASA/Contractor Team efforts are presented as part of NASA's continuing effort to facilitate the sharing of quality and productivity improvement ideas among its contractors. This complilation is not meant to be a comprehensive review of contractor initiative nor does it necessarily express NASA's views. The submissions represent samples from a general survey, and were not edited by NASA. The efforts are examples of quality and productivity programs in private industry, and as such, highlight company efforts in individual areas. Topics range from modernization of equipment, hardware, and technology to management of human resources. Of particular interest are contractor initiatives which deal with measurement and evaluation data pertaining to quality and productivity performance.

  9. Adaptive EAGLE dynamic solution adaptation and grid quality enhancement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luong, Phu Vinh; Thompson, J. F.; Gatlin, B.; Mastin, C. W.; Kim, H. J.

    1992-01-01

    In the effort described here, the elliptic grid generation procedure in the EAGLE grid code was separated from the main code into a subroutine, and a new subroutine which evaluates several grid quality measures at each grid point was added. The elliptic grid routine can now be called, either by a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code to generate a new adaptive grid based on flow variables and quality measures through multiple adaptation, or by the EAGLE main code to generate a grid based on quality measure variables through static adaptation. Arrays of flow variables can be read into the EAGLE grid code for use in static adaptation as well. These major changes in the EAGLE adaptive grid system make it easier to convert any CFD code that operates on a block-structured grid (or single-block grid) into a multiple adaptive code.

  10. The Effects of Teachers' Attitudes toward Classroom Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksu, Mualla Bilgin; Caglar, Caglar

    2006-01-01

    This study aimed to provide an answer to whether a given seminar on total quality management (TQM) to primary school teachers can enhance their positive attitudes toward classroom management or not. The participants in this study were teachers working in Cengiz Topel Primary School and Yil Primary School. Both schools are located in Adiyaman, a…

  11. Promoting Transformative Learning of Preservice Teachers through Contemplative Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nuangchalerm, Prasart; Prachagool, Veena

    2010-01-01

    Preservice teacher is an important role to fulfill quality of education in the future. They have to be initially grown transformative learning for helping students to aware knowing and nature of knowledge. This paper explores an application of contemplative practices, which enhance transformative learning of preservice teachers. Forty four…

  12. Unpacking the Black Box of the CSRP Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-child Relationship Quality and Self-regulation

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Stephanie M.; Bub, Kristen L.; Raver, C. Cybele

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms including the quality of teacher-child relationships and children’s self-regulation. The CSRP is a multi-component teacher- and classroom-focused intervention, and its cluster-randomized efficacy trial was conducted in 35 Head Start-funded classrooms. A series of increasingly complex and conservative structural equation models indicate that the CSRP carries its effects on children’s academic and behavioral outcomes through changes in teacher-child relationship quality and children’s self-regulation. PMID:24729666

  13. Unpacking the Black Box of the CSRP Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-child Relationship Quality and Self-regulation.

    PubMed

    Jones, Stephanie M; Bub, Kristen L; Raver, C Cybele

    2013-10-01

    This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms including the quality of teacher-child relationships and children's self-regulation. The CSRP is a multi-component teacher- and classroom-focused intervention, and its cluster-randomized efficacy trial was conducted in 35 Head Start-funded classrooms. A series of increasingly complex and conservative structural equation models indicate that the CSRP carries its effects on children's academic and behavioral outcomes through changes in teacher-child relationship quality and children's self-regulation. PMID:24729666

  14. Quality enhancement of parallel MDP flows with mask suppliers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, Erwin; Lee, Rachel; Lee, Chun Der

    2013-06-01

    For many maskshops, designed parallel mask data preparation (MDP) flows accompanying with a final data comparison are viewed as a reliable method that could reduce quality risks caused by mis-operation. However, in recent years, more and more mask data mistakes have shown that present parallel MDP flows could not capture all mask data errors yet. In this paper, we will show major failure models of parallel MDP flows from analyzing MDP quality accidents and share our approaches to achieve further improvement with mask suppliers together.

  15. Data Quality Studies of Enhanced Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors

    E-print Network

    Jessica McIver; for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; for the Virgo Collaboration

    2012-04-11

    Data quality assessment plays an essential role in the quest to detect gravitational wave signals in data from the LIGO and Virgo interferometric gravitational wave detectors. Interferometer data contains a high rate of noise transients from the environment, the detector hardware, and the detector control systems. These transients severely limit the statistical significance of gravitational wave candidates of short duration and/or poorly modeled waveforms. This paper describes the data quality studies that have been performed in recent LIGO and Virgo observing runs to mitigate the impact of transient detector artifacts on the gravitational wave searches.

  16. THE DATABASE AN ELECTRONIC ENHANCEMENT TO LABORATORY QUALITY ASSURANCE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The Quality Control program of an analytical laboratory is a key component in support of a research or compliance laboratory because it provides objective evidence for certified results. The recent addition of a customized, computerized database to our analytical laboratory has improved many aspect...

  17. Quality control enhancement via nondestructive testing for green ceramic tiles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hussam M. Elbehiery; Alaa A. Hefnawy; Muhammad T. Elewa

    2003-01-01

    Quality control in ceramic tile manufacturing is hard, labor intensive and it is performed in a harsh industrial environment with noise, extreme temperature and humidity. It can be divided into color analysis, dimension verification, and surface defect detection which is the main purpose of our research. Defects detection is still based on the judgment of human operators while most of

  18. Enhancing the Impact of Quality Points in Interteaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosales, Rocío; Soldner, James L.; Crimando, William

    2014-01-01

    Interteaching is a classroom instruction approach based on behavioral principles that offers increased flexibility to instructors. There are several components of interteaching that may contribute to its demonstrated efficacy. In a prior analysis of one of these components, the quality points contingency, no significant difference was reported in…

  19. Authentic Research Experiences for Nevada High School Teachers and Students

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Paul Buck

    2003-01-01

    This article describes the Nevada Science Teacher Enhancement Project (N-STEP), a three-year teacher enhancement program funded by the National Science Foundation. As part of the project, high school teachers worked closely with research scientists, education faculty, and high school students on authentic field-based research projects in geosciences, biological sciences or social sciences. Interviews with teachers and students suggest strongly that they were positively influenced in a number of ways by their involvement in the project. Scientists involved in the project generally found data collected to be of high quality and suitable for inclusion in their research.

  20. The relationship between urban and suburban teachers' perceptions of participation in professional development activities and job satisfaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rosalyn J Whitehead

    2006-01-01

    The 21st century calls for greater accountability and effectiveness in public education. To answer the call for highly qualified teachers and respond to personal and professional needs of teachers, professional development providers should offer teachers professional development activities that enhance the quality of life and improve teaching practices. The purpose of this study was to investigate and analyze factors responsible

  1. Are Boys Better Off with Male and Girls with Female Teachers? A Multilevel Investigation of Measurement Invariance and Gender Match in Teacher-Student Relationship Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spilt, Jantine L.; Koomen, Helma M. Y.; Jak, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    Although research consistently points to poorer teacher-student relationships for boys than girls, there are no studies that take into account the effects of teacher gender and control for possible measurement non-invariance across student and teacher gender. This study addressed both issues. The sample included 649 primary school teachers (182…

  2. Teachers' Perceptions of the Effective Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, S.; Miller, T.; Davis, L.; Carter, P.

    2010-01-01

    In this study, researchers qualitatively analyzed middle school teacher participant perceptions of qualities of teacher effectiveness across 3 years (2006-2009) through 66 focus group sessions by comparing the participants' identified qualities to Stronge's (2007) Teacher Skills Assessment Checklist. Surprisingly, a disproportionate number (42.6%)…

  3. [Michigan Technological University Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program]. Progress performance report

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.L.

    1993-04-27

    The Michigan Technological University Teacher Education Program received funding from the US Department of Energy for the purpose of providing capable and suitably inclined, MTU Engineering and Science students a chance to explore high school level science and mathematics teaching as a career option. Ten undergraduate students were selected from nominations and were paired with mentor teachers for the study. This report covers the experience of the first ten nominees and their participation in the program.

  4. [Michigan Technological University Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program]. [Includes a copy of the Student Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.L.

    1993-04-27

    The Michigan Technological University Teacher Education Program received funding from the US Department of Energy for the purpose of providing capable and suitably inclined, MTU Engineering and Science students a chance to explore high school level science and mathematics teaching as a career option. Ten undergraduate students were selected from nominations and were paired with mentor teachers for the study. This report covers the experience of the first ten nominees and their participation in the program.

  5. Improving Classroom Quality: Teacher Influences and Experimental Impacts of the 4Rs Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joshua L. Brown; Stephanie M. Jones; Maria D. LaRusso; J. Lawrence Aber

    2010-01-01

    This study capitalizes on recent advances in the reliable and valid measurement of classroom-level social processes known to influence children’s social– emotional and academic development and addresses a number of limitations in our current understanding of teacher- and intervention-related impacts on elementary school classroom processes. A cluster randomized controlled trial design was employed to (a) examine whether teacher social– emotional

  6. Quality Management Practice in Higher Education - What Quality Are We Actually Enhancing?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nina Becket

    2008-01-01

    There is still no consensus on how best to measure and manage quality within higher education institutions (HEIs). Thus a variety of approaches have been adopted. This paper presents a review of current quality management practices within HEIs. The review identifies a reliance on industrial models. These are applied with only partial success and identified limitations suggest a need for

  7. The Effect of the Use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative Training in the Pilot Districts on the Sustained Use of Quality Tools by Classroom Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidbauer, Hollace J.

    2010-01-01

    In the late 1990s, teachers in five pilot districts in Ohio were trained during the Baldrige in Education Initiative (BiE IN). Training included Baldrige's theory, quality process and quality tools. The study was a follow-up to determine the effect of the use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative training in the pilot districts (and other early…

  8. Early-Care and Education Teachers' Perception of High Quality Early-Care and Education Programming in Relation to Their Educational Attainment Level and Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bechtold, Joy Marie

    2011-01-01

    Early-care and education research, relative to positive outcomes for young children, birth through age five, enrolled in high quality early-care and education programs is compelling. This same research also names the classroom teacher as pivotal in establishing and maintaining high quality within their classrooms and practices. Currently, within…

  9. Assessing Teaching Effectiveness of the English Grammar Teacher in Public Senior High Schools within the Cape Coast Metropolis Using the Quality Teaching Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atta-Asamoah, Obed; Emefa Doe, Jennifer; Narh Tekpetey, Victor; Hepzibah Amprofi Boham, Eunice

    2014-01-01

    The focus of this study was to assess the teaching effectiveness of English Grammar teachers in public Senior High Schools within the Cape Coast Metropolis using the Quality Teaching Model. It sought to ascertain how appropriately the three dimensions of the Quality Teaching Model are addressed in the teaching and assessment practices of the…

  10. Use of biosolids to enhance rangeland forage quality.

    PubMed

    McFarland, Michael J; Vasquez, Issaak Romero; Vutran, MaiAnh; Schmitz, Mark; Brobst, Robert B

    2010-05-01

    Biosolids land application was demonstrated to be a potentially cost-effective means for restoring forage productivity and enhancing soil-moisture-holding capacity on disturbed rangelands. By land-applying aerobically digested, anaerobically digested, composted, and lime-stabilized biosolids on rangeland test plots at rates of up to 20 times (20X) the estimated nitrogen-based agronomic rate, forage yields were found to increase from 132.8 kg/ha (118.2 lb/ac) (control plots) to 1182.3 kg/ha (1052.8 lb/ac). Despite the environmental benefits associated with increased forage yield (e.g., reduced soil erosion, improved drainage, and enhanced terrestrial carbon sequestration), the type of forage generated both before and after biosolids land application was found to be dominated by invasive weeds, all of which were characterized as having fair to poor nutritional value. Opportunistic and shallow rooting invasive weeds not only have marginal nutritional value, they also limit the establishment of native perennial grasses and thus biodiversity. Many of the identified invasive species (e.g., Cheatgrass) mature early, a characteristic that significantly increases the fuel loads that support the increased frequency and extent of western wildfires. PMID:20480767

  11. Using quality improvement methodologies to enhance cross departmental collaboration and quality cost reduction

    E-print Network

    Kilburn-Peterson, Christopher

    2005-01-01

    The research and project implementations described in this study took place during a seven-month period in 2004 at a distribution transformer factory in Germany. The purpose of this research is to show how quality management ...

  12. Teacher's Guide

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Christopher Griffith

    Lesson plans and exercises for teachers to use this site and the CD-ROM ?Atomic Archive: Enhanced Edition? in their classrooms. The exercises cover the following subjects: Arms Control, Atomic Physics, Delivery Systems, Fission, Fusion, History and Weapon Effects.

  13. Overview of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn McQueen; Brian S Mittman; John G Demakis

    2004-01-01

    The U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA)'s Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) is an innovative integration of health services research, policy, and clinical care delivery designed to improve the quality, outcomes, and efficiency of VHA health care through the identification and implementation of evidence-based practices in routine care settings. A total of eight condition-specific QUERI centers are currently in operation, each

  14. Using partnerships with scientists to enhance teacher capacity to address the NGSS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pavelsky, T.; Haine, D. B.; Drostin, M.

    2013-12-01

    Increasingly, scientists are seeking outreach experts to assist with the education and outreach components of their research grants. These experts have the skills and expertise to assist with translating scientific research into lessons and activities that are aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) as well as state standards, are STEM-focused and that address the realities of the K-12 science classroom. Since 2007, the Institute for the Environment (IE) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has been conducting teacher professional development and high school student science enrichment programs to promote climate literacy. Partnering with scientists to deepen content knowledge and promote engagement with technology and real data has been a successful strategy for cultivating increased climate literacy among teachers and students. In this session, we will share strategies for effectively engaging scientists in K-12 educational activities by providing specific examples of the various ways in which scientists can be integrated into programming and their research translated into relevant classroom activities. Engaging scientists and translating their research into classroom activities is an approach that becomes even more relevant with the advent of the NGSS. The NGSS's Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCIs) that encompass climate literacy can be addressed by partnering with scientists to provide teachers with current content knowledge and technological tools needed to promote integration of relevant science and engineering practices and cross-cutting themes. Here we highlight a successful partnership in which IE science educators collaborated with with a faculty member to develop a lesson for North Carolina teachers introducing them to new research on satellite remote sensing of the water cycle, while also promoting student engagement with local data. The resulting lesson was featured during a two-day, IE-led teacher workshop for 21 North Carolina high school teachers in July 2013 titled, 'Observing regional and global water resources: Using remote sensing and field data to better understand the hydrologic cycle.'

  15. Wellness at work: enhancing the quality of our working lives.

    PubMed

    Hillier, D; Fewell, F; Cann, W; Shephard, V

    2005-10-01

    This paper was prepared for the International Review of Psychiatry as part of an effort to improve understanding of the connection between employee health and performance and to begin to identify new strategies through which treating wellness as an investment in human capital can lead to greater organizational success. Computer database searches of peer-reviewed literature published between 1993 and 2005 and manual reviews of 20 journals were used to identify research on the link between employee health and performance. Data was extracted to summarize the overall findings on the magnitude of health problems addressed by health promotion and disease prevention programmes, and the impact of interventions on improving health risk, reducing health care cost, and improving worker performance. From this summary, major conclusions on early detection of disease, the impact of behaviour change programmes were drawn. This systematic review is supplemented with a case study description of a preliminary evaluation of a corporate wellness programme in a major international organization. The influence of developments in work/family issues, complementary and alternative medicine, and quality of care and health outcomes research are briefly discussed. Finally, a conceptual framework for studying the impact of health and productivity is described. PMID:16194820

  16. Efficient quality enhancement of disparity maps based on alpha matting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brosch, Nicole; Nezveda, Matej; Gelautz, Margrit; Seitner, Florian

    2014-03-01

    We propose an efficient disparity map enhancement method that improves the alignment of disparity edges and color edges even in the presence of mixed pixels and provides alpha values for pixels at disparity edges as a byproduct. In contrast to previous publications, the proposed method addresses mixed pixels at disparity edges and does not introduce mixed disparities that can lead to object deformations in synthesized views. The proposed algorithm computes transparencies by performing alpha matting per disparity-layer. These alpha values indicate the degree of affiliation to a disparity-layer and can hence be used as an indicator for a disparity reassignment that aligns disparity edges with color edges and accounts for mixed pixels. We demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed method on various images and corresponding disparity maps, including images that contain fuzzy object borders (e.g., fur). Furthermore, the proposed method is qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated using disparity ground truth and compared to previously published disparity post-processing methods.

  17. 75 FR 22120 - Notice of Roundtables and Request for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents and on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-27

    ...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Patent and Trademark Office [Docket No.: PTO-P-2010-0038...Request for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents and on United States Patent and Trademark Office Patent Quality Metrics...

  18. Intraoperative Ultrasound-Fluoroscopy Fusion can Enhance Prostate Brachytherapy Quality

    SciTech Connect

    Orio, Peter F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Tutar, Ismail B. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Narayanan, Sreeram [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Arthurs, Sandra [Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Cho, Paul S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Kim, Yongmin [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Merrick, Gregory [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling, WV (United States); Wallner, Kent E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA (United States)], E-mail: kent.wallner@med.va.gov

    2007-09-01

    Purpose: To evaluate a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry system. Method and Materials: Twenty-five patients were treated for prostate cancer with Pd-103 implantation. After the execution of the treatment plan, two sets of TRUS images were collected using the longitudinal and axial transducers of a biplanar probe. Then, three fluoroscopic images were acquired at 0, -15 and +15{sup o}. The three-dimensional locations of all implanted seeds were reconstructed from fluoroscopic images. A subset of the implanted seeds was manually identified in TRUS images and used as fiducial markers to perform TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion. To improve the implant quality, additional seeds were placed if adverse isodose patterns were identified during visual inspection. If additional seeds were placed, intraoperative dosimetry was repeated. Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry was compared with final intraoperative dosimetry to validate dosimetry achieved in the implant suite. Results: An average of additional 4.0 seeds was implanted in 16 patients after initial intraoperative dose evaluation. Based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based dosimetry, the V100 improved from 86% to 93% (p = 0.005), whereas D90 increased from 94% to 109% (p = 0.011) with the guided additional seed implantation. No statistical difference was observed in V200 and V300 values. V100 and D90 values were 95 {+-} 4% and 120 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on the final intraoperative dosimetry evaluation, compared with 95 {+-} 4% and 122 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry. Conclusions: Implantation of extra seeds based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry can improve the final V100 and D90 values with minimal increase in V200 and V300 values.

  19. Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Sense of Efficacy and Attitudes toward School Diversity through Preparation: A Case of One U.S. Inclusive Teacher Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gao, Wei; Mager, Gerald

    2011-01-01

    Conducted in one inclusive teacher education program in the United States, this study explored the trajectory of and the relationships between preservice teachers' sense of efficacy and attitudes toward school diversity through the course of preparation. Findings revealed that, in general, changes of preservice teachers' perceived efficacy,…

  20. Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network: The Dirt on Soil Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1900-01-01

    The Dirt on Soil Science is a 1 credit graduate course for K-6 elementary school teachers who are interested in understanding the basic principles of soil science. This online course lasts 6-weeks and includes conversing with your instructor and classmat

  1. My Teacher Rides a Harley: Enhancing K-5 Literacy through Songwriting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dulabaum, Gary

    In this memoir, the author recounts early days as a struggling reader and writer and outlines the songwriting process he uses in student workshops around the country. This book includes: tools and processes to guide teachers to begin writing songs in their classrooms; a compact disk of songs students can sing along with; and classroom activities…

  2. Relationships for Learning: Using Pupil Voice to Define Teacher-Pupil Relationships that Enhance Pupil Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Helena

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a summary of a pupil voice research project conducted to investigate the influence that teacher-pupil relationships have on pupils' feelings of engagement with their school. The study involved two year groups (12-13 and 14-15 year olds) in a rural secondary school in Cambridgeshire. Data sources were collected through a questionnaire…

  3. Using Second Life to Enhance Classroom Management Practice in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahon, Jennifer; Bryant, Bobby; Brown, Ben; Kim, Miran

    2010-01-01

    The following article discusses an educational simulation created within Second Life (SL) in order to assist pre-service teachers (PSTs) in gaining more experience managing student behavior. The article discusses the development, implementation, and assessment of the simulation as well as student data on the feasibility of the approach in…

  4. Using Second Life to enhance classroom management practice in teacher education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Mahon; Bobby Bryant; Ben Brown; Miran Kim

    2010-01-01

    The following article discusses an educational simulation created within Second Life (SL) in order to assist pre?service teachers (PSTs) in gaining more experience managing student behavior. The article discusses the development, implementation, and assessment of the simulation as well as student data on the feasibility of the approach in comparison to other methods of learning classroom management. It includes discussion

  5. Evaluating Video Models of Evidence-Based Instructional Practices to Enhance Teacher Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dieker, Lisa A.; Lane, Holly B.; Allsopp, David H.; O'Brien, Chris; Butler, Tyran Wright; Kyger, Maggie; Lovin, LouAnn; Fenty, Nicole S.

    2009-01-01

    A process was developed to create Web-based video models of effective instructional practices for use in teacher education settings. Three video models, created at three university sites, demonstrated exemplary implementation of specific, evidence-based strategies in reading, math, and science. Video models of strategies were field tested with…

  6. Enhancing Instructional Strategies through Professional Development: A Qualitative Study of Engaging Teachers through Participatory Action Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoedebeck, Eddi

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the relationship between professional development and improving teaching practices in the classroom. It tested the assumption that, when teachers become empowered through their selection of the forms of their professional development, deeper learning and reflection can become a natural part of their daily practices. In this…

  7. After-School Elementary School Mathematics Club: Enhancing Achievement and Encouraging Future Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Helene J.; Catapano, Susan

    2011-01-01

    After-school programs specifically designed to improve students' mathematics achievement in collaboration with classroom teachers' planning and in class daily instruction have been found to be successful in improving student learning (Hock, Pulvers, Deshler, & Schumaker, 2001). The purpose of this article is to describe the results of an…

  8. Principals' Instructional Leadership within a Teacher Performance Appraisal System: Enhancing Students' Academic Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ovando, Martha N.; Ramirez, Alfredo, Jr.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify principals' instructional leadership actions within a comprehensive teacher evaluation system in successful schools rated as recognized or exemplary by the accountability measures in place. The study followed a multiple case study approach. Participants included six school administrators within the same…

  9. Development of intercultural competence among US American teachers: professional development factors that enhance competence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan G. DeJaeghere; Yongling Zhang

    2008-01-01

    The increasing diversity of the student age population in the USA calls for increased cultural competence on behalf of educators to effectively teach students. This article reports on a study of a suburban school district’s initiatives that utilized the Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) as a baseline measurement tool, and subsequent professional development for teachers,

  10. Do British Columbia's Recent Education Policy Changes Enhance Professionalism among Teachers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimmett, Peter P.; D'Amico, Laura

    2008-01-01

    Beginning with the Sullivan Royal Commission on Education in 1988, British Columbia (BC) teachers experienced a policy context that led to a decade of intense professional learning around innovative instructional strategies and curriculum. From 2001 on, the policy context changed considerably. There has been a flurry of changes designed to bring…

  11. Enhancing General Physical Educators' Teacher Efficacy when Working with All Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Umhoefer, Donna; Beyer, Robbi; Vargas, Tiffanye M.

    2012-01-01

    Since the Public Law 94-142 was enacted in 1975, there has been a push for inclusive classes where students with disabilities are educated along with their peers without disabilities in the least restrictive environment (LRE). The general physical education (GPE) teacher is obligated to ensure that all students are successful in their classes.…

  12. Enhancing Teacher Practice through Coaching: A Case Study in an English Language Learner Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrera, Hazel C.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the use of instructional coaching in one urban school as a form of professional development for teachers. The use of instructional coaches in the classroom has become more and more popular in many school districts across the nation as they look for ways to improve student performance by improving the performance of their…

  13. Enhancing Pre-Service Teachers' Awareness to Pupils' Test-Anxiety with 3D Immersive Simulation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Passig, David; Moshe, Ronit

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated whether participating in a 3D immersive virtual reality world simulating the experience of test-anxiety would affect preservice teachers' awareness to the phenomenon. Ninety subjects participated in this study, and were divided into three groups. The experimental group experienced a 3D immersive simulation which made…

  14. Enhancing University Teachers' Information and Communication Technology Usage by Using a Virtual Learning Environment Training Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ageel, Mohammed; Woollard, John

    2012-01-01

    The research project is a case study focussing on the use of a virtual learning environment (VLE) implemented to increase the use of information and communication technology (ICT) by university teachers in Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. The study aims to investigate the effect of the VLE as the vehicle for a training course in ICT designed to…

  15. Using Process Drama to Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Understanding of Science and Religion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pongsophon, Pongprapan

    2010-01-01

    I report an action research study that aimed at improving Thai pre-service teachers' understanding of the relationship between science and religion and at assisting them to respond to this issue in a science classroom. The participants were twelve post-grad students pursuing Master of Art in Teaching Science at Kasetsart University. They took a…

  16. Enhancing Christian School Experiences for Pre-Service Teachers through Service Learning Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ackerman, Beth; Parker, Karen; Parker, Leonard

    2010-01-01

    This article gives an overview of service learning as it relates to the integration of faith and learning for a pre-service teacher candidate. A survey was given to pre-service, education candidates who were completing a service-learning project in a local Christian school. Results from the survey indicate that all major elements of service…

  17. Using Dynamic Sketches to Enhance Preservice Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Understanding of Limits of Sequences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cory, Beth L.; Garofalo, Joe

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates 3 preservice secondary mathematics teachers' understandings of limits of sequences and their changing conceptions of limit during and after instruction involving interactive, dynamic sketches embodying the formal definition of the limit of a sequence. Manipulating a coherent visual representation of the formal definition in…

  18. Preparing High-Quality Teachers for Urbanized Schools: A Program Evaluation of a Partnership Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masci, Frank J.; Stotko, Elaine M.

    2006-01-01

    The Professional Immersion Master of Arts in Teaching (ProMAT) program is a cooperative venture between Johns Hopkins University and Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools, a large school district that has experienced increased urbanization. This graduate-level teacher preparation program provides candidates with extensive internship…

  19. The Portfolio Guidebook: Implementing Quality in an Age of Standards. Bill Harp Professional Teachers Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koch, Richard; Schwartz-Petterson, Jean

    This portfolio book provides an actual step-by-step complete system of writing assessment from the ground up and across all grade levels. The book suggests that teachers purposefully gather student portfolios, reflect meaningfully on them, and then validly and reliably rate them with statistical success that will also feed meaningfully back into…

  20. Improving Classroom Quality: Teacher Influences and Experimental Impacts of the 4Rs Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Joshua L.; Jones, Stephanie M.; LaRusso, Maria D.; Aber, J. Lawrence

    2010-01-01

    This study capitalizes on recent advances in the reliable and valid measurement of classroom-level social processes known to influence children's social-emotional and academic development and addresses a number of limitations in our current understanding of teacher- and intervention-related impacts on elementary school classroom processes. A…

  1. Therapeutic Massage Impacts Quality of Life for University Female Faculty in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandstrom, Clarine

    2009-01-01

    Stress is a part of everyone's life. Depending on the level of stress, it may affect people's health and lives. Stress in the workplace may come from many different sources, however for the purpose of this study, the focus was on female faculty working in a Teacher Education program at a small north central, North Dakota university. Stress is…

  2. Moving beyond Test-Prep Pedagogy: Dialoguing with Multicultural Preservice Teachers for a Quality Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodríguez, Louie F.

    2013-01-01

    In a "post-NCLB era," the schooling experiences of mostly low-income students of color continue to be consumed by a test-prep pedagogy--narrowed curriculum, low expectations, and ignored relationships. In this article the author describes a pedagogical approach using educational dialogues to engage preservice teachers to critically…

  3. Measuring Teacher Quality: Continuing the Search for Policy-Relevant Predictors of Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knoeppel, Robert C.; Logan, Joyce P.; Keiser, Clare M.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential viability of the variable certification by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) as a policy-relevant predictor of student achievement. Because research has identified the teacher as the most important school-related predictor of student achievement, more research…

  4. Supporting Teachers and Technicians in the Delivery of High-Quality, Effective Practical Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langley, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Science is at heart a practical subject, but the perception of what makes good teaching and learning through practical science is often misunderstood. Through working with teachers on professional development courses at the UK's National Science Learning Centre, and drawing on work carried out by other organisations, we present some thoughts…

  5. Teacher Value Added as a Measure of Program Quality: Interpret with Caution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floden, Robert E.

    2012-01-01

    Many states now possess the data and statistical methods that can produce teacher value-added scores and link them to preparation programs. It is important to understand the limitations of these measures and the inferences that they do and do not support. These limitations fall into three categories. First, value-added measures (VAM) provide…

  6. The Impact of Competing Definitions of Quality on the Geographical Distribution of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Daniel S.

    2010-01-01

    According to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, states are required "...to ensure that poor and minority children are not taught at higher rates than other children by inexperienced, unqualified, or out-of-field teachers..." Although the NCLB law and State Education Agencies (SEAs) currently offer very clear definitions of "highly-qualified"…

  7. CCC for AAA: Tapping Creativity, Collaboration & Cooperation for Quality in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Praveen, C.

    2006-01-01

    Information and Communication Technology in education is changing the way we teach, learn and conduct research. Today we have WIRE, WEB and WINDOWS leading to CONNECTIVITY, NETWORKING and APPLICATIONS. Not surprisingly the National Council of Teacher Education, (NCTE) India, decided to make ICT Literacy a compulsory part of the Pre-service course…

  8. Personal Qualities of a Language Arts Teacher: Traits and Perspectives, Daily Inspiration from Outstanding Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandel, Lenore

    In this book 100 dynamic educators share some words that are important to them and what those words mean for teaching--here are the ideas that can start a teacher's day or stimulate new ideas for class activities. According to the book, each educator was asked to select a term that reflected an important idea for teaching; the terms appear in…

  9. Inspecting the Inspectors: Race Equality and Quality in Initial Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Equalities legislation in Britain has in recent years shifted towards requiring public bodies to proactively promote equality rather than simply prevent discrimination. This paper reports on a study of how this requirement, with specific reference to race equality, is enacted in the regulation and inspection of initial teacher education (ITE) in…

  10. What Is the Relationship between Teacher Quality and Student Achievement? An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stronge, James H.; Ward, Thomas J.; Tucker, Pamela D.; Hindman, Jennifer L.

    2007-01-01

    The major purpose of the study was to examine what constitutes effective teaching as defined by measured increases in student learning with a focus on the instructional behaviors and practices. Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses and hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) were used to identify teacher effectiveness levels while…

  11. Using Teacher Stories to Reveal Quality Educational Practice: An Eastern Cape Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paige, Kathryn; Chartres, Mike; Kenyon, Alan

    2008-01-01

    The University of Fort Hare Distance Education Project set out to improve qualifications of primary teachers in rural and township schools in the Eastern Cape of the Republic of South Africa. At the culmination of an 11-year AUSAid collaboration between the University of Fort Hare and University of South Australia a research project to reveal…

  12. Developing Effective Special Education Reading Teachers: The Influence of Professional Development, Context, and Individual Qualities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dingle, Mary P.; Brownell, Mary T.; Leko, Melinda M.; Boardman, Alison Gould; Haager, Diane

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the impact of contextual and individual factors on the implementation of professional development (PD) content in the area of word study and fluency by three upper-elementary special education teachers. The PD effort included an initial PD institute, monthly cohort meetings, an online community forum, coaching, and…

  13. Essays on Teacher Mobility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Jeremy A.

    2012-01-01

    The allocation of quality teachers across schools is of interest because of both the importance and costliness of teachers as inputs in the education production process. Furthermore, because teachers have preferences over their workplace characteristics, this allocation across schools is nonrandom. This research examines teacher mobility within…

  14. COMPUTER PROGRAM DOCUMENTATION FOR THE ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL QUAL2E

    EPA Science Inventory

    Presented in the manual are recent modifications and improvements to the widely used stream water quality model QUAL-II. Called QUAL2E, the enhanced model incorporates improvements in eight areas: (1) algal, nitrogen, phosphorus, and dissolved oxygen interactions; (2) algal growt...

  15. Quality factor enhancement in lamb wave resonators utilizing AlN plates with convex edges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chih-Ming Lin; Yun-Ju Lai; Ting-Ta Yen; Jin-Chen Hsu; Yung-Yu Chen; Debbie G. Senesky; Albert P. Pisano

    2011-01-01

    A novel Lamb wave resonator utilizing an aluminum nitride (AlN) plate with convex edges to enhance the quality factor (Q) is demonstrated for the first time. The finite element analysis (FEA) simulation results show that the mechanical energy can be more efficiently confined in the center of the AlN Lamb wave resonator by using the convex edges instead of the

  16. Enhancing Field Instruction in Child Welfare: Evaluation of a Training Program to Promote Quality Field Instruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan J. Dettlaff

    2008-01-01

    Field placements in child welfare are generally recognized as a recruitment tool for professional social workers. However, little attention has been given to improving these placements in an effort to enhance recruitment. This study evaluates a comprehensive professional development curriculum for child welfare practitioners that is designed to provide participants with the knowledge and skills necessary to provide quality field

  17. Enhancing recruitment and data quality in a junior high school-based teen pregnancy prevention study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sigrid Aarons; Allison Rose; June Walker; Beverly Lyles; Renee Jenkins; Tina Raine

    2001-01-01

    This paper describes the methods used to maximize participation and enhance data quality in conducting a randomized, controlled evaluation of an adolescent pregnancy prevention program targeting 7th graders in six Washington, DC public junior high schools. The goal was to successfully recruit and maintain the schools’ and students’ participation despite administrative staff changes and school closings, truancy and absenteeism, parental

  18. A Framework for Photo-Quality Assessment and Enhancement based on Visual Aesthetics

    E-print Network

    Guestrin, Carlos

    A Framework for Photo-Quality Assessment and Enhancement based on Visual Aesthetics Subhabrata that enables users to improve the visual aesthetics of their digital photographs using spatial re- composition and the system presents recommendations for where it can be moved in a manner that optimizes a learned aesthetic

  19. COMPOSTS AS SOIL SUPPLEMENT ENHANCED PLANT GROWTH AND FRUIT QUALITY OF STRAWBERRY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shiow Y. Wang; Shin-Shan Lin

    2002-01-01

    Compost significantly enhanced strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) plant growth and fruit quality when used as a soil supplement. Adding half strength of Peter nutrient solution (50% fertilizer) to a mixture of 50% soil plus 50% compost was very effective in significantly increasing plant dry weight to approximately double that of controls (without compost), fruit yield by more than 70%,

  20. Hospital capacity management decisions: Emphasis on cost control and quality enhancement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ling Li; W. C. Benton

    2003-01-01

    This paper empirically examines the effects of several key hospital demographic factors (hospital size, location, teaching involvement) and service characteristics on hospital capacity management decisions, and the effects of hospital capacity resource management choices on cost control and quality enhancement. In this research structural equation modeling (SEM) was used as the research vehicle. SEM modeling measures multiple relationships among independent