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1

Teachers’ Conceptions of Quality and Organisational Values in Higher Education: Compliance or Enhancement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are often assumed to have a negative attitude towards quality endeavours of their institutions and to hold defensive organisational values. However, there is little empirical research on this issue. This study focuses on teachers' conceptions of quality, on their preferred organisational values and on the relationships between the two. A…

Kleijnen, Jan; Dolmans, Diana; Willems, Jos; Van Hout, Hans

2013-01-01

2

A Project to Enhance Superintendents' Knowledge and Application of Characteristics of High Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a problem based learning project focusing on superintendents' knowledge of the characteristics of high quality teachers. Current research findings offer evidence teacher quality is an important school variable related to student achievement. School district leaders are faced with the problem of identifying the characteristics…

Pummill, Bret L.; Edson, Jerry C.; Loftin, Michelle M.; Robinson, Matthew A.

2011-01-01

3

Beyond ABCs and 123s: Enhancing Teacher–Child Relationship Quality to Promote Children's Behavioral Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from a study of 100 Head Start children and their teachers suggested that teacher–child relationship quality was associated with children's classroom behaviors. Specifically, teacher–child conflict was strongly related to children's externalizing behaviors. Based on these findings, we present recommendations for the development of policies and practices designed to prevent Head Start children's challenging behaviors and promote their social-emotional competence

Jessica E. Vick Whittaker; Brenda Jones Harden

2010-01-01

4

From Teacher Quality to Quality Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposals to improve teacher quality often focus on hiring teachers with the right combination of personality, values, and knowledge and skills. The author suggests that although these elements of teacher quality are important, schools also need to pay attention to the conditions of classroom life that can determine teaching quality. She…

Kennedy, Mary M.

2006-01-01

5

Distinctive Qualities of Expert Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to identify the distinctive qualities of successful veteran teachers, referred to as "expert teachers", which separates them not only from novice teachers but more importantly from experienced non-expert teachers. Based on earlier case studies, this paper maintains that the critical differences between expert and non-expert…

Tsui, Amy B. M.

2009-01-01

6

Enhancing Lesson Planning and Quality of Classroom Life: A Study of Mathematics Student Teachers' Use of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we report on (1) how preservice secondary mathematics teachers (PSMTs), who had experiences doing and practice-teaching mathematics in a technology-rich environment, subsequently used this technology when planning lessons and (2) how the use of technology affected other aspects of the PSMTs' quality of classroom life. These results…

Fraser, Virginia; Garofalo, Joe; Juersivich, Nicole

2011-01-01

7

Enhancing Democracy for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the face of the century-old call for democracy in education by John Dewey, this paper explores how and why teachers have been systemically removed from efficacy within the educational system in which they live and work. The paper examines historical trends that work to limit teachers' institutional power and become obstacles to teacher voice.…

Nichols, Shannon; Parsons, Jim

2010-01-01

8

Key Issue: Enhancing Teacher Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Teachers are leaders when they function in professional communities to affect student learning; contribute to school improvement; inspire excellence in practice; and empower stakeholders to participate in educational improvement" (Childs-Bowen, Moller, & Scrivner, 2000, p. 28). Enhancing teacher leadership can help schools and districts reach the…

National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

9

Balancing Teacher Quality and Quantity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The world is facing a shortage of trained teachers. According to the 2010 Global Monitoring Report approximately 10.3 million teachers will be needed globally to staff classrooms from Bangkok to Canada. The situation is worse in Sub-Saharan Africa. Estimates suggest that approximately 1.2 million new teachers will be needed in Sub-Saharan Africa alone to achieve universal primary education goals by 2015. Increases in primary school enrollments, drought, and HIV-AIDS have exacerbated the need for well trained teachers. Despite the need, the focus is on balancing quality with quantity. An effective teacher is deemed a critical element, although not the only one, in a student's success in the classroom. This paper focuses on the dilemma of meeting universal primary education goals in Sub-Saharan Africa, while maintaining teacher quality in fragile contexts.

Bond, Helen

10

Teacher Enhancement and Preparation Programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These two programs provide opportunities for K-12 teachers of mathematics, science, and technology to spend two weeks at a NASA center learning about aeronautics and space. Participants are selected by peer review from a contracting agent that assists NASA in administering the program. Each teacher receives a stipend that covers the cost of travel, housing, meals, and graduate credit. NEWMAST provides for approximately 100 secondary teachers, and NEWTEST is a program designed to meet the needs of approximately 125 elementary teachers each summer. Teachers are provided with a wide variety of experiences including research laboratory observations, presentations, and 'shadowships'. Individual and team projects are used to enhance the participants knowledge of space and aeronautics and to motivate the teachers to incorporate the summer workshop activities into their classrooms.

1995-01-01

11

The Economic Value of Higher Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most analyses of teacher quality end without any assessment of the economic value of altered teacher quality. This paper combines information about teacher effectiveness with the economic impact of higher achievement. It begins with an overview of what is known about the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement. This provides…

Hanushek, Eric A.

2011-01-01

12

Teacher self-efficacy in Cape Town : a bottom up approach to enhancing the quality of education  

E-print Network

Personal teacher self-efficacy (PTE), or the belief in one's own ability to overcome a particular challenge, often acts as a catalyst for teachers to improve the effectiveness of their teaching. Gaining PTE can translate ...

Kim, YeSeul

2011-01-01

13

Quality Circles and Classroom Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality Circles (QCs), a form of participatory management, have been shown to roduce positive effects on the job satisfaction and performance of workers in industry and in the public sector. These structured, problem-solving oups can be useful in addressing the needs of classroom teachers or improved morale, job satisfaction and job enrichment, and in alleviating job-related stress. Higher morale and

Maruta E. Friedler; Cary Chemiss; Daniel B. Fishman

1992-01-01

14

Administrator and Teacher Perceptions of the Qualities of Effective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine which qualities of effective teachers K-12 public school administrators and teachers in the United States perceive as having the greatest impact on student achievement. Stronge's (2007) meta-review of the qualities of effective teachers served as the framework for the study. An online survey based on that…

Williams, Robert Eugene

2010-01-01

15

Enhancing Aboriginal Teacher Education: One Promising Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contextual supervision (an adaptation of situational leadership), supervising teachers synchronize their leadership style to the teacher-intern's level of skill development. Application of the method with 15 Native student teachers helped the supervisor to identify contextual factors enhancing or impeding student-teacher progress, and…

Ralph, Edwin G.

1993-01-01

16

Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) offers online, graduate-level science courses from a world-class public research university. NTEN was one of the first online professional development programs for K-12 teachers, and has offered courses si

1900-01-01

17

Preparing Quality Teachers: Making Learning Visible  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher quality is recognised as a lynchpin for education reforms internationally, and both Federal and State governments in Australia have turned their attention to teacher education institutions: the starting point for preparing quality teachers. Changes to policy and shifts in expectations impact on Faculties of Education, despite the fact that…

McArdle, Felicity

2010-01-01

18

Taking Teacher Quality Seriously: A Collaborative Approach to Teacher Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If narrow, test-based evaluation of teachers is unfair, unreliable, and has negative effects on kids, classrooms, and curricula, what's a better approach? By demonizing teachers and unions, and sharply polarizing the education debate, the corporate reform movement has actually undermined serious efforts to improve teacher quality and evaluation.…

Karp, Stan

2012-01-01

19

Teacher Quality: What You Need to Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Once kids walk in the school door, the most important factor for how well they learn is the quality of their teachers. Having good teachers is important for all kids. But it's especially important for kids who are falling behind. Research shows that students who are taught by a really good teacher can make as much as a year and a half's worth of…

Joyce Foundation, 2010

2010-01-01

20

Handbook for Qualities of Effective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book makes it much easier to implement a staff development, teacher education, or self-help program to improve the six research-based teacher qualities that are most apt to raise student achievement. Use the dozens of assessments, observation guides, planning tools, and other resources to: (1) Strengthen teachers' verbal abilities, content…

Stronge, James H.; Tucker, Pamela D.; Hindman, Jennifer L.

2004-01-01

21

Qualities of Effective Teachers. 2nd Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thousands of educators who are involved with teacher professional development--from training to hiring, mentoring to supervising--rely on this authoritative book to focus on cultivating teacher qualities that are most apt to raise student achievement. Now, this new edition extends this results-based approach to include teachers who work with…

Stronge, James H.

2007-01-01

22

Teacher Quality: Sustained Coordination among Key Federal Education Programs Could Enhance State Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality. Report to the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Higher Education, Lifelong Learning, and Competitiveness, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. GAO-09-593  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers and researchers have focused on improving the quality of our nation's 3 million teachers to raise the achievement of students in key academic areas, such as reading and mathematics. Given the importance of teacher quality to student achievement and the key role federal and state governments play in supporting teacher quality, GAO's…

US Government Accountability Office, 2009

2009-01-01

23

Assessing the Quality of Teachers' Teaching Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the extent to which nine elementary physical education teachers implemented the quality of teaching practices. Thirty physical education lessons taught by the nine teachers to their students in grades K-5 were videotaped. Four investigators coded the taped lessons using the Assessing Quality Teaching Rubric (AQTR) designed and…

Chen, Weiyun; Mason, Stephen; Staniszewski, Christina; Upton, Ashley; Valley, Megan

2012-01-01

24

Using Digital Videos to Enhance Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The technology to produce high quality, digital videos is widely available, yet its use in teacher preparation remains largely overlooked. A digital video library was created to augment instruction in a special education methods course for preservice elementary education teachers. The videos illustrated effective strategies for working with…

Dymond, Stacy K.; Bentz, Johnell L.

2006-01-01

25

Qualities of an effective teacher: what do medical teachers think?  

PubMed Central

Background Effective teaching in medicine is essential to produce good quality doctors. A number of studies have attempted to identify the characteristics of an effective teacher. However, most of literature regarding an effective medical teacher includes student ratings or expert opinions. Furthermore, interdisciplinary studies for the same are even fewer. We did a cross-sectional study of the characteristics of effective teachers from their own perspective across medicine and dentistry disciplines. Methods A questionnaire comprising of 24 statements relating to perceived qualities of effective teachers was prepared and used. The study population included the faculty of medicine and dentistry at the institution. Respondents were asked to mark their response to each statement based on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. These statements were grouped these into four main subgroups, viz. Class room behaviour/instructional delivery, interaction with students, personal qualities and professional development, and analysed with respect to discipline, cultural background, gender and teaching experience using SPSS v 13.0. For bivariate analysis, t-test and one way ANOVA were used. Multiple linear regression for multivariate analysis was used to control confounding variables. Results The top three desirable qualities of an effective teacher in our study were knowledge of subject, enthusiasm and communication skills. Faculty with longer teaching experienced ranked classroom behaviour/instructional delivery higher than their less experienced counterparts. There was no difference of perspectives based on cultural background, gender or discipline (medicine and dentistry). Conclusion This study found that the faculty perspectives were similar, regardless of the discipline, gender and cultural background. Furthermore, on review of literature similar findings are seen in studies done in allied medical and non-medical fields. These findings support common teacher training programs for the teachers of all disciplines, rather than having separate training programs exclusively for medical teachers. Logistically, this would make it much easier to arrange such programs in universities or colleges with different faculties or disciplines. PMID:24044727

2013-01-01

26

Supporting Quality Teachers with Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Value has been found in providing recognition and awards programs for excellent teachers. Research has also found a major lack of these programs in both the USA and in Australia. Teachers receiving recognition and awards for their teaching have praised recognition programs as providing motivation for them to continue high-level instruction.…

Andrews, Hans A.

2011-01-01

27

Science teacher enhancement project (STEP)  

SciTech Connect

STEP, a National Science Foundation-funded initiative, forms an alliance between the three private Virginia Historically Black Colleges (Hampton University, Virginia Union University, and Saint Paul`s College) and nine school divisions, to increase the capabilities of middle school science teachers. Clearly articulated roles of each partner, and the inclusion of all partners in program planning has been invaluable. A unique feature of this project is the careful tailoring of the program to meet the needs of each school division, effected by ongoing communication between all of the partners. The program effected by ongoing communication between all of the partners. The program includes a Lead Teacher and Teacher Trainee component, and emphasizes science content, using a hands-on approach. In addition to science content, the Lead Teachers receive training in leadership, proposal writing, and pedagogical enrichment responsive to the curriculum change directions in science education, especially as it relates to minority and at-risk students. The enrichment is provided by university scientists and educators, through summer institutes and academic year workshops. Results include: use of new technologies in the classroom, cross-grade communication, use of university scientists as presenters for family science programs, and improved knowledge.

Ramsey, P.P.; Bowman, A.W. [Hampton Univ., VA (United States)

1994-12-31

28

Teacher Structure and Child Care Quality in Preschool Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the relationships between teacher structure, teacher behaviors, and child care quality. Participants included 72 female teachers from 44 preschool classrooms. Both a global measure of quality and a measure of teacher-child interaction were utilized. Results showed that a co-teacher structure was associated with higher…

Shim, Jonghee; Hestenes, Linda; Cassidy, Deborah

2004-01-01

29

Texas Water Quality Board Teachers Workshop Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials are designed for teachers participating in an inservice workshop on water quality. Included in the materials are a workshop agenda, a water awareness pretest, and the various parameters and tests that are used to determine and measure water quality. The parameters are discussed from the standpoint of their potential impact to…

Texas Water Quality Board, Austin.

30

The Economic Value of Higher Teacher Quality. Working Paper 56  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most analyses of teacher quality end without any assessment of the economic value of altered teacher quality. This paper combines information about teacher effectiveness with the economic impact of higher achievement. It begins with an overview of what is known about the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement, which provides…

Hanushek, Eric A.

2010-01-01

31

Enhancing Advocacy Skills of Teacher Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study explores the dynamics of enhancing the capacities of teacher candidates in the Bilingual/Bicultural Education Students Interacting to Obtain Success (BESITOS) recruitment and retention program to advocate for culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students. Herrera and Murry's advocacy framework provides the theoretical…

Holmes, Melissa A.; Herrera, Socorro G.

2009-01-01

32

Teaching Quality and Performance among Experienced Teachers in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of teachers has evolved from merely being teacher-centered to one that is student centered and the skills required for a quality teacher are changing too. Assessing teacher's effectiveness will not be a straight forward attempt by solely examining students' achievements or students' perceptions of their teachers' attributes. A careful…

Abd Hamid, Siti Rafiah; Syed Hassan, Sharifah Sariah; Ismail, Nik Ahmad Hisham

2012-01-01

33

Quality of Summer Teachers Examined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A hefty body of evidence documents the phenomenon of "summer learning loss," but consensus on the attributes of effective summer intervention, especially when it comes to access to high-quality teaching for students most at risk of falling behind, is only starting to emerge. Now, though, a handful of districts are beginning to wrestle with the…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2011-01-01

34

How to Improve the Supply of High-Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtually everybody interested in improving the performance of schools concentrates on the importance of teacher quality. Yet policy recommendations related to teacher quality frequently do not incorporate existing evidence about performance. This paper reviews the various strands of research related to teacher quality, including the role of…

Hanushek, Eric Alan; Rivkin, Steven G.

2004-01-01

35

Teachers' Opinions on Quality Criteria for Competency Assessment Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality control policies towards Dutch vocational schools have changed dramatically because the government questioned examination quality. Schools must now demonstrate assessment quality to a new Examination Quality Center. Since teachers often design assessments, they must be involved in quality issues. This study therefore explores teachers'…

Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

2007-01-01

36

A Model for Enhancing Morale among Middle School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation was designed to enhance the morale among teachers at a middle school that experienced high teacher attrition each year. The solution strategies implemented addressed issues of administrative support, collegiality among teachers, parental involvement, reduction in nonteaching duties, and teacher recognition and…

Postell, Willie A.

2004-01-01

37

Update on CPEC's Improving Teacher Quality Grant Program. Report 09-29  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In September 2009, the California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC) awarded $8 million in new Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) grants to institutions of higher education for the purpose of assisting K-12 teachers to enhance teaching and learning in their classrooms. In addition to the new grants, the ITQ program has 14 individual grants and…

Trott, Marcia

2009-01-01

38

Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) offers online, graduate-level science courses from a world-class public research university. NTEN was one of the first online professional development programs for K-12 teachers, and has offered courses sin

1900-01-01

39

Early Childhood Teachers' Preparation and the Quality of Program Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of the preparation of effective teachers becomes more critical for teachers of early childhood programs. It has been hypothesized that better program quality depends on better-educated teachers. The purpose of this investigation was to explore the importance of a high level of education for all early childhood education teachers. This…

Saracho, Olivia N.; Spodek, Bernard

2007-01-01

40

Teachers' Opinions about the Responsibilities of Parents, Schools, and Teachers in Enhancing Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancing student learning is a complex process in itself and is related to a variety of factors. This study deals with the three of these factors (i.e., parents, schools, and teachers) based on teachers' perceptions. A short survey composed of three open-ended questions was administered to 148 teachers. The teachers were asked to write their…

Korkmaz, Isa

2007-01-01

41

Understanding science teacher enhancement programs: Essential components and a model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Researchers and practioners alike recognize that "the national goal that every child in the United States has access to high-quality school education in science and mathematics cannot be realized without the availability of effective professional development of teachers" (Hewson, 1997, p. 16). Further, there is a plethora of reports calling for the improvement of professional development efforts (Guskey & Huberman, 1995; Kyle, 1995; Loucks-Horsley, Hewson, Love, & Stiles, 1997). In this study I analyze a successful 3-year teacher enhancement program, one form of professional development, to: (1) identify essential components of an effective teacher enhancement program; and (2) create a model to identify and articulate the critical issues in designing, implementing, and evaluating teacher enhancement programs. Five primary sources of information were converted into data: (1) exit questionnaires, (2) exit surveys, (3) exit interview transcripts, (4) focus group transcripts, and (5) other artifacts. Additionally, a focus group was used to conduct member checks. Data were analyzed in an iterative process which led to the development of the list of essential components. The Components are categorized by three organizers: Structure (e.g., science research experience, a mediator throughout the program), Context (e.g., intensity, collaboration), and Participant Interpretation (e.g., perceived to be "safe" to examine personal beliefs and practices, actively engaged). The model is based on: (1) a 4-year study of a successful teacher enhancement program; (2) an analysis of professional development efforts reported in the literature; and (3) reflective discussions with implementors, evaluators, and participants of professional development programs. The model consists of three perspectives, cognitive, symbolic interaction, and organizational, representing different viewpoints from which to consider issues relevant to the success of a teacher enhancement program. These perspectives influence and are examined across three settings, program, individual, and school. An over-arching theme, namely the content focus of the program, such as the teaching and learning of science illuminate both the perspectives and the settings. While the model was developed to understand and evaluate a specific program, it is hypothesized that it can be a powerful tool for designing and implementing a variety of programs.

Spiegel, Samuel Albert

42

Enhancing Students' Engagement by Increasing Teachers' Autonomy Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engagement refers to the behavioral intensity and emotional quality of a person's active involvement during a task. Recognizing the benefits highly engaged people experience, we tested whether classroom teachers could incorporate the relatively foreign concept of autonomy support into their motivating styles as a way to promote their students' engagement during instruction. Teachers in an experimental group and teachers in

Johnmarshall Reeve; Hyungshim Jang; Dan Carrell; Soohyun Jeon; Jon Barch

2004-01-01

43

Interactive Video Technology: Enhancing Professional Learning in Initial Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Sussex In-School Teacher Education Project (InSTEP) uses interactive video technologies to enhance initial teacher education programmes for science trainee teachers. With four Internet Protocol cameras and mounted microphones in both school laboratories and the university teaching room, trainees and their tutors have access to…

Marsh, Brian; Mitchell, Nick; Adamczyk, Peter

2010-01-01

44

Teacher Characteristics and the Quality of Child–Teacher Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine certain characteristics of teachers (e.g., ethnicity, gender, relationship history) and children (e.g., gender, ethnicity) that are unique to the child–teacher relationship. One hundred thirty-eight preservice teachers reported on their relationship with 903 students in kindergarten through fifth grade. Results indicated that the preservice teachers' perceived attachment history was a significant predictor of

John E Kesner

2000-01-01

45

Quality Teacher Impact on Learning in a Juvenile Correctional Facility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine teacher impact upon student learning at a correctional facility for adolescent boys. Improving teacher quality is directly related to the ability to produce higher levels of learning for K-12 students. Providing confirmation that teachers in correctional facilities can facilitate the learning of all…

Feinstein, Sheryl G., Ed.D.; Sorenson, David

2008-01-01

46

Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in Springfield, Massachusetts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the request of the Massachusetts Business Alliance for Education, and with additional support from the Springfield Business Leaders for Education, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) undertook this analysis of teacher policies in the Springfield Public Schools. It is important to consider this examination of teacher policies in the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

47

Austin, Texas: An Educator/Business Collaboration in Support of Teacher Compensation Reform. Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality: Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its 2009 report "Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality," the Committee for Economic Development urged business leaders to be active participants in school district deliberations about teacher compensation policies. The Committee for Economic Development (CED) noted that "business leaders can make the case to the public that current policies…

Committee for Economic Development, 2013

2013-01-01

48

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Nevada State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Nevada edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

49

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Minnesota State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Minnesota edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

50

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. North Carolina State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This North Carolina edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

51

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Rhode Island State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Rhode Island edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

52

The Quality of Teacher Work Life Survey: A Measure of Teacher Stress and Job Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administered Quality of Teacher Work Life Survey, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Educational Values Scales to 227 teachers. Results identified 10 factors contributing to teacher satisfaction and stress. The 10 factors accounted for 66.3 percent of the total item variance. (NB)

Pelsma, Dennis M.; And Others

1989-01-01

53

Working Conditions of Texas Teachers. Teacher Supply, Demand, and Quality Policy Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first in a series of research papers in the area of teacher supply, demand, quality, and policy. It addresses the teaching conditions of Texas teachers, focusing on the following: teacher salaries, benefits, supplies and equipment, supervision and caseload, average work week, adequate work site, violence in the schools, competing…

Stevens, Nancy, Ed.

54

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Hawaii State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Hawaii edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

55

Access to High Quality Teachers for All Students. Information Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most important factors in a high quality education is the knowledge, experience, and capability of the classroom teacher. There is strong evidence that having a high-quality teacher affects learning and is an important factor in explaining student test score gains (Clotfelter, Ladd, & Vigdor, 2007; Darling-Hammond, 2000; Darling-Hammond…

Mid-Atlantic Equity Center, 2009

2009-01-01

56

Capturing and Enhancing Science Teachers' Professional Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports research from a three-year Australian science teacher professional learning project, the Science Teaching and Learning (STaL) Project, in which groups of science teacher participants (across years K-12) worked with academics over a one-year period as teacher researchers. Through reflecting on their experiences within the STaL…

Berry, Amanda; Loughran, John; Smith, Kathy; Lindsay, Simon

2009-01-01

57

Quality Science Teacher Professional Development and Student Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies show that socio-economic background and parental education accounts for 50-60 percent of a child's achievement in school. School, and other influences, account for the remaining 40-50 percent. In contrast to most other professions, schools require no real apprenticeship training of science teachers. Overall, only 38 percent of United States teachers have had any on-the-job training in their first teaching position, and in some cases this consisted of a few meetings over the course of a year between the beginning teacher and the assigned mentor or master teacher. Since individual teachers determine the bulk of a student's school experiences, interventions focused on teachers have the greatest likelihood of affecting students. To address this deficiency, partnerships between scientists and K-12 teachers are increasingly recognized as an excellent method for improving teacher preparedness and the quality of science education. Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers' (founded in 1990) basic premise is simple: teachers cannot effectively teach science if they have no firsthand experience doing science, hence the Program's motto, "Practice what you teach." Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers provides strong evidence that a teacher research program is a very effective form of professional development for secondary school science teachers and has a direct correlation to increased student achievement in science. The author will present the methodology of the program's evaluation citing statistically significant data. The author will also show the economic benefits of teacher participation in this form of professional development.

Dubner, J.

2007-12-01

58

The Elusiveness of Teacher Quality: A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Certification and Student Achievement in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In national education systems worldwide, teacher quality has become synonymous with education reform efforts, but a more elusive goal is empirically measuring teacher quality. One proposed measure of teacher quality, teacher licensing, also known as certification, is an increasingly ubiquitous component of national education systems and…

Wiseman, Alexander W.; Al-bakr, Fawziah

2013-01-01

59

Enhancing Teacher Performance: The Role of Professional Autonomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current teacher accountability initiatives such as those included in the "No Child Left Behind" legislation in the United States create particular difficulties that impact deleteriously on the performance of professional educators. The quality of public education is undermined when teachers are held accountable to an external authority rather than…

Hyslop-Margison, Emery J.; Sears, Alan M.

2010-01-01

60

The Georgia Tech Student and Teacher Enhancement Partnership  

E-print Network

The Georgia Tech Student and Teacher Enhancement Partnership (STEP) Program Donna Llewellyn, Center of university-school partnerships; � To assist K-12 teachers in their endeavor to improve classroom instruction � Program provides some funding to initiate new activities at the high schools � Schools can take advantage

Gaucher, Eric

61

The Georgia Tech Student and Teacher Enhancement Partnership (STEP)  

E-print Network

The Georgia Tech Student and Teacher Enhancement Partnership (STEP) Program Donna Llewellyn, Center of university-school partnerships; � To assist K-12 teachers in their endeavor to improve classroom instruction � Program provides some funding to initiate new activities at the high schools � Schools can take advantage

Gaucher, Eric

62

Professional Development: Teachers Use of GIS to Enhance Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explains a professional development experience of fifth to twelfth grade teachers in using geographic information systems (GIS) and global positioning systems (GPS) technologies to enhance classroom teaching and learning environments. A key challenge faced by the developers was whether teachers would value the technology tools enough…

McClurg, Patricia A.; Buss, Alan

2007-01-01

63

Enhancing Practicing Primary School Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the frameworks and cognitive tools that have been developed to enhance practising teachers' pedagogical content knowledge in primary school technology education. The frameworks evolved from our research that firstly examined existing teaching practices, secondly enhanced formative interactions and thirdly enhanced summative…

Jones, Alister; Moreland, Judy

2004-01-01

64

Longitudinal Effects of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Teacher-Student Relationship Qualities on Academic Adjustment.  

PubMed

The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and conflict showed low correspondence. As a block, teacher and student reports of TSRQ predicted all outcomes, above prior performance on that outcome and background variables. Student reports uniquely predicted school belonging, perceived academic competence, and math achievement. Teacher reports uniquely predicted behavioral engagement and child perceived academic competence. Teacher and student reports of the teacher-student relationship assess largely different constructs that predict different outcomes. Implications of findings for practice and research are discussed. PMID:21984843

Hughes, Jan N

2011-09-01

65

Longitudinal Effects of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Teacher-Student Relationship Qualities on Academic Adjustment  

PubMed Central

The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and conflict showed low correspondence. As a block, teacher and student reports of TSRQ predicted all outcomes, above prior performance on that outcome and background variables. Student reports uniquely predicted school belonging, perceived academic competence, and math achievement. Teacher reports uniquely predicted behavioral engagement and child perceived academic competence. Teacher and student reports of the teacher-student relationship assess largely different constructs that predict different outcomes. Implications of findings for practice and research are discussed. PMID:21984843

Hughes, Jan N.

2010-01-01

66

Online Faculty Satisfaction and Quality Enhancement Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to examine possible effects of an institution's quality enhancement initiatives on the job satisfaction of online faculty. Quality enhancement initiatives are a normal part of the accreditation process and faculty shoulder some of the responsibility for success of those initiatives. Therefore, it is imperative that…

Satterlee, Anita G.

2010-01-01

67

Improving Teacher Quality: A Sociological Presage  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter examines what sociology brings to studies of teacher effectiveness, and why it is imperative for sociological\\u000a perspectives to be a part of the discussions on teacher accountability systems, measures, and remediation. We begin by reflecting\\u000a on how policy changes of the past decade have dramatically impacted the jurisdictional authority of teachers. Further, we\\u000a explore how this shift is

Barbara Schneider; Erin Grogan; Adam Maier

68

The Role of Mentoring in Teacher Quality and Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A severe and persistent national shortage of teachers has greatly compromised the quality of teaching in today's schools. This is especially troublesome at a time when students face an ever-growing demand to master challenging standards. Many students are being taught by teachers who are not certified or who are teaching in subjects outside their…

Solis, Adela

2004-01-01

69

Measuring Teacher Quality with Value-Added Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using computers to evaluate teachers based on student test scores is more difficult than it seems. Value-added modeling is a genuinely serious attempt to grapple with the difficulties. Value-added modeling carries the promise of measuring teacher quality automatically and objectively, and improving school systems at minimal cost. The essence of…

Marder, Michael

2012-01-01

70

Promising Practices: New Ways To Improve Teacher Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication explains promising practices in improving teacher quality. Chapter 1, Achieving Excellence in the Teaching Profession, discusses educational, economic, and social change; teacher recruitment and development challenges; and opportunities for renewing the teaching profession. Chapter 2, Recruiting Talented and Diverse People into…

Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Secretary.

71

Quality Assurance and Quality Enhancement in Higher Education: Contested Territories?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the unfolding of the quality agenda in England from 1992 to the present. By using two disciplinary approaches, "political science" and "social philosophy", the article traces the recent transition from quality assurance to quality enhancement. How is this development to be explained and how significant is it? Are the concepts…

Filippakou, Ourania; Tapper, Ted

2008-01-01

72

Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Schools Keeping Their Best? Working Paper 29  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most studies that have fueled alarm over the attrition and mobility rates of teachers have relied on proxy indicators of teacher quality, even though these proxies correlate only weakly with student performance. This paper examines the attrition and mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality using value-added measures of teacher

Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

2009-01-01

73

Do State Examinations Measure Teacher Quality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates teacher content knowledge of candidates enrolled in an online graduate teacher certification programme. Descriptive data and linear regression were used to draw conclusions about the content area knowledge of individuals in the sample and the significance of the predictors examined. Descriptive data show 1/3 of the 8-12…

Harrell, Pamela Esprivalo

2009-01-01

74

Districts Abandon Grants Targeting Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three big-city districts--Chicago, Milwaukee, and New York--have terminated federal grants aimed at promoting performance-based compensation plans and professional development for teachers and principals. Overall, the 2010 Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) grants to the three districts would have provided an $88 million payout over five years--nearly 7…

Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

2012-01-01

75

Veteran Teachers: Commitment, Resilience and Quality Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst much research on teachers' lives has focussed on their early years in the profession, much less attention has been paid to those in their later years, so called "veteran" teachers. Yet, many of these are likely to hold positions of responsibility in the school, receive greater remuneration and have experienced the impact of more policy and…

Day, Christopher; Gu, Qing

2009-01-01

76

Teacher Education around the World: Changing Policies and Practices. Teacher Quality and School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are the most important single element of the education system but what does it take to create high quality teachers in today's world? Around the world, countries are struggling to understand how to change their schools to meet global demands. International comparisons have shown that schools in Finland lead the league tables, but why is…

Darling-Hammond, Linda, Ed.; Lieberman, Ann, Ed.

2012-01-01

77

The Secretary's Seventh Annual Report on Teacher Quality: A Highly Qualified Teacher in Every Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seventh report on the quality of America's teacher preparation programs and novice teachers presents data reported to the U.S. Department of Education (the Department) in October 2007 by all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the outlying areas, which include American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the…

Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

78

Perform or Else: The Performative Enhancement of Teacher Professionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Singapore Ministry of Education's Enhanced Performance Management System (EPMS) was instituted in 2005 as a system of professional accountability to enhance the standards and stakes of teacher professionalism in schools. This essay explores how the EPMS, with its underlying paradigm of performance management, functions as a "technology of…

Liew, Warren Mark

2012-01-01

79

Teacher organizational citizenship behaviours and job efficacy: Implications for student quality of school life.  

PubMed

The present study investigated the impact of teachers' organizational citizenship behaviours (OCBs) on student quality of school life (SQSL) via the indirect effect of job efficacy. A measure of teacher OCBs was developed, tapping one dimension of individual-focused OCB (OCBI - student-directed behaviour) and two dimensions of organization-focused OCB (OCBO - civic virtue and professional development). In line with previous research suggesting that OCBs may enhance job efficacy, as well as studies demonstrating the positive effects of teacher efficacy on student outcomes, we expected an indirect relationship between teachers OCBs and SQSL via teachers' job efficacy. Hypotheses were tested in a multi-level design in which 170 teachers and their students (N=3,057) completed questionnaires. A significant proportion of variance in SQSL was attributable to classroom factors. Analyses revealed that the civic virtue and professional development behaviours of teachers were positively related to their job efficacy. The job efficacy of teachers also had a positive impact on all five indicators of SQSL. In regards to professional development, job efficacy acted as an indirect variable in the prediction of four student outcomes (i.e., general satisfaction, student-teacher relations, achievement, and opportunity) and fully mediated the direct negative effect on psychological distress. PMID:19807944

Jimmieson, Nerina L; Hannam, Rachel L; Yeo, Gillian B

2010-08-01

80

Hotel Indoor Air Quality Enhancement: Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on the penetration of polluted outdoor air into hotels and the subsequent deterioration of indoor air quality (IAQ). Little attention has been paid to the severity of this problem. Thus, the study specifically aims to assess the determinants to enhance IAQ in hotels and suggest a future research direction relating to IAQ enhancement. Evidence from recent air

Wilco W. Chan

2012-01-01

81

A Review of the Literature on Mathematics and Science Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large body of literature exists that examines teacher quality characteristics and the relationship of indicators of those characteristics to teacher effectiveness. This existing research literature broadly views teacher quality research without illuminating specific areas of teacher quality, such as mathematics and science. In an effort to focus…

Bolyard, Johnna J.; Moyer-Packenham, Patricia S.

2008-01-01

82

Teacher Quality Partnership Novice Teacher Studies Technical Report NTS 10-01 Research Brief 2007-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical report is to summarize the research methodology of the Novice Teacher Study (NTS) strand of the Teacher Quality Partnership (TQP) research. The Ohio TQP has embarked on a series of research studies to learn more about the characteristics of effective teachers and to identify the patterns of teacher performance in both…

Kinnucan-Wesch, Kathryn; Franco, Suzanne; Hendricks, Martha S.

2010-01-01

83

Assessing the Quality of Clinical Teachers  

PubMed Central

Background Learning in a clinical environment differs from formal educational settings and provides specific challenges for clinicians who are teachers. Instruments that reflect these challenges are needed to identify the strengths and weaknesses of clinical teachers. Objective To systematically review the content, validity, and aims of questionnaires used to assess clinical teachers. Data Sources MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and ERIC from 1976 up to March 2010. Review Methods The searches revealed 54 papers on 32 instruments. Data from these papers were documented by independent researchers, using a structured format that included content of the instrument, validation methods, aims of the instrument, and its setting. Results Aspects covered by the instruments predominantly concerned the use of teaching strategies (included in 30 instruments), supporter role (29), role modeling (27), and feedback (26). Providing opportunities for clinical learning activities was included in 13 instruments. Most studies referred to literature on good clinical teaching, although they failed to provide a clear description of what constitutes a good clinical teacher. Instrument length varied from 1 to 58 items. Except for two instruments, all had to be completed by clerks/residents. Instruments served to provide formative feedback ( instruments) but were also used for resource allocation, promotion, and annual performance review (14 instruments). All but two studies reported on internal consistency and/or reliability; other aspects of validity were examined less frequently. Conclusions No instrument covered all relevant aspects of clinical teaching comprehensively. Validation of the instruments was often limited to assessment of internal consistency and reliability. Available instruments for assessing clinical teachers should be used carefully, especially for consequential decisions. There is a need for more valid comprehensive instruments. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11606-010-1458-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:20703952

Bolhuis, Sanneke; Grol, Richard; Laan, Roland; Wensing, Michel

2010-01-01

84

[The physician as teacher. Ways to measure the quality of medical training].  

PubMed

Ninety percent of medical students' training is comprised of working and learning in the clinical setting. Good training is the responsibility of the physicians who also work in that setting. It is important that these physicians are aware of what is expected of them in this role. We defined 7 domains for clinical teachers: being a role model, task allocation, planning, providing feedback, teaching methodology, assessment, and personality. There are several feedback instruments for measuring the quality of a clinical teacher, each addressing these seven domains differently. When providing clinical teachers with feedback, written evaluation alone is not sufficient to induce change. Dialogue between residents and their clinical teacher leads to mutual understanding and enhances the effect of feedback. This is beneficial to the individual trainer, training team and the residents. PMID:21988753

Fluit, C R M G Lia; Bolhuis, Sanneke; Stuyt, Paul; Laan, Roland F J M

2011-01-01

85

Field-Based Teacher Research: How Teachers and Scientists Working Together Answers Questions about Turtle Nesting Ecology while Enhancing Teachers' Inquiry Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Providing rigorous academic supplement to a professional development program for teachers, QUEST is a fusion of Drexel University's environmental science research department with Princeton University's Program in Teacher Preparation. Completed in the summers of 2012 (in partnership with Earthwatch) and 2013 in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, QUEST's terrapin field research program enhances K-12 teachers' ecological knowledge, develops inquiry-based thinking in the classroom, and builds citizen science engagement. With a focus on quality question development and data analysis to answer questions, teachers are coached in developing, implementing, and presenting independent research projects on diamondback terrapin nesting ecology. As a result, teachers participating in QUEST's week long program bring a realistic example of science in action into their classrooms, helping to develop their own students' critical thinking skills. For teachers, this program provides training towards educating students on how to do real and imaginative science - subsequently sending students to university better prepared to engage in their own independent research. An essential component of the collaboration through QUEST, in addition to the teacher's experience during and after the summer institute, is the research data collected which supplements that of the Principal Investigator. In 2012, by documenting terrapin nest site predators, teachers gained valuable scientific experience, while Drexel acquired important ecological data which would have not been able to be collected otherwise. In 2013, teachers helped answer important questions about terrapin nesting success post Superstorm Sandy. In fact, the 2013 QUEST teachers are the first to visualize the frighteningly increased erosion of a primary terrapin nesting site due to Sandy; showing how most terrapin nests now lie in the bay, instead of safe on shore. Teachers comment that interacting with scientists in the field, and contributing to the research was 'an invaluable experience.' Conceptual models of QUEST's philosophy will be distributed at our presentation to encourage audience members interested in starting their own field-based educator professional development project. Through our presentation of this unique program, we will share how we have successfully incorporated real scientific research into classrooms through teachers' experiences, and discuss the lessons learned regarding replication and sustainability of educator-scientist collaborations.

Winters, J. M.; Jungblut, D.; Catena, A. N.; Rubenstein, D. I.

2013-12-01

86

User-Oriented Quality for OER: Understanding Teachers' Views on Re-Use, Quality, and Trust  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analysed how teachers as users of open educational resources (OER) repositories act in the re-use process and how they perceive quality. Based on a quantitative empirical study, we also surveyed which quality requirements users have and how they would contribute to the quality process. Trust in resources, organizations, and technologies seem to…

Clements, K. I.; Pawlowski, J. M.

2012-01-01

87

Adaptive and motivated: psychological qualities of college students in teacher education programs in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher quality has been a perennial issue in the field of education. In addition to academic ability, psychological and motivational characteristics are regarded as increasingly important dimensions of teacher quality. This study has established a multidimensional framework of teacher quality including social competency, adaptive ability and career commitment and used it to examine the qualities of pre-service college students in

Hsiou-huai Wang

2012-01-01

88

Adaptive and motivated: psychological qualities of college students in teacher education programs in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher quality has been a perennial issue in the field of education. In addition to academic ability, psychological and motivational characteristics are regarded as increasingly important dimensions of teacher quality. This study has established a multidimensional framework of teacher quality including social competency, adaptive ability and career commitment and used it to examine the qualities of pre-service college students in

Hsiou-huai Wang

2011-01-01

89

Teacher quality and student achievement: A review of state policy evidence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using data from a 50-state survey of policies, state case study analyses, the 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Surveys (SASS), and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), this study examines the ways in which teacher qualifications and other school inputs are related to student achievement across states. The findings of both the qualitative and quantitative analyzes suggest that policy investments in the quality of teachers may be related to improvements in student performance. Quantitative analyzes indicate that measures of teacher preparation and certification are by far the strongest correlates of student achievement in reading and mathematics, both before and after controlling for student poverty and language status. State policy surveys and case study data are used to evaluate policies that influence the overall level of teacher qualifications within and across states. This analysis suggests that policies adopted by states regarding teacher education, licensing, hiring, and professional development may make an important difference in the qualifications and capacities that teachers bring to their work. The implications for state efforts to enhance quality and equity in public education are discussed.

Darling-Hammond, Linda

2008-07-19

90

Teacher Certification Reconsidered: Stumbling for Quality. A Rejoinder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asserts that in a response to the Abell Foundation's "Teacher Certification Reconsidered, Stumbling for Quality," Linda Darling-Hammond mounts a considerable effort to discredit the report. It suggests that in doing so, she misrepresents the report's numerous facts and recommendations, shifting the debate off the primary concern of…

Walsh, Kate

91

A HOUSSE Built on Quicksand? Exploring the Teacher Quality Conundrum for Secondary Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors focus on one highly contested provision of the No Child Left Behind Act, which allows states flexibility in how the quality of teachers is defined and evaluated: the high, objective, uniform state standard of evaluation (HOUSSE) option. They conducted a national survey of representatives from each state to explore how…

Drame, Elizabeth R.; Pugach, Marleen C.

2010-01-01

92

The Stability of Value-Added Measures of Teacher Quality and Implications for Teacher Compensation Policy. Brief 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little doubt that teacher quality is a key determinant of student achievement, but finding ways to identify and reward the best teachers has proven illusive. This research brief considers the stability of value-added measures of teacher effectiveness over time and the resulting implications for the design and implementation of…

Sass, Tim R.

2008-01-01

93

Are Public Schools Really Losing Their Best? Assessing the Career Transitions of Teachers and Their Implications for the Quality of the Teacher Workforce. Working Paper 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most studies that have fueled alarm over the attrition and mobility rates of high-quality teachers have relied on proxy indicators of teacher quality, which recent research finds to be only weakly correlated with value-added measures of teachers' performance. We examine attrition and mobility of teachers using teacher value-added measures for…

Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

2007-01-01

94

Match Quality, Worker Productivity, and Worker Mobility: Direct Evidence from Teachers. NBER Working Paper No. 15990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I investigate the importance of the match between teachers and schools for student achievement. I show that teacher effectiveness is higher after a move to a different school, and I estimate teacher-school match effects using a mixed effects estimator. Match quality can "explain away" a quarter of, and is as economically important as, teacher

Jackson, C. Kirabo

2010-01-01

95

Teacher Quality: Beyond No Child Left Behind. A Response to Kaplan and Owings (2002).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that because there is no overall teacher shortage, but rather specific subject area shortages and adverse selection and allocation problems, the No Child Left Behind Act's requirements that all teachers be "highly qualified" is important and attainable. To improve teacher quality, teacher certification should be modernized and principals…

Rotherham, Andrew J.; Mead, Sara

2003-01-01

96

Factors Affecting University Music Students' Perceptions of Lesson Quality and Teacher Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of music teacher delivery skills, lesson content, and student academic standing on 511 university music students' perceptions of lesson quality or teacher appeal. Indicates that student interest and preference varied by academic standing, teacher delivery, and lesson quality. Includes references. (CMK)

Hamann, Donald L.; Baker, Dawn S.; McAllister, Peter A.; Bauer, William I.

2000-01-01

97

Mentoring for Quality Improvement: A Case Study of a Mentor Teacher in the Reform Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As qualified teachers are central to children receiving a high-quality preschool education, many policy initiatives aimed at improving program quality are thwarted when insufficient attention is paid to the professional development of the workforce. One response to this issue has been to create teacher leadership roles so that teachers mentor…

Ryan, Sharon; Hornbeck, Amy

2004-01-01

98

Teacher Inquiry: A Vehicle to Merge Prospective Teachers' Experience and Reflection during Curriculum-Based, Technology-Enhanced Field Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes and analyzes a four-year effort to provide curriculum-based, technology-enhanced field experiences for prospective teachers. These field experiences and this associated study espouse the notion that experiences and reflective activity must coalesce to yield professional growth for prospective teachers. The study suggests that…

Dawson, Kara

2006-01-01

99

School-Based Accountability and the Distribution of Teacher Quality across Grades in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use North Carolina data to explore whether the quality of teachers in the lower elementary grades (K-2) falls short of teacher quality in the upper grades (3-5) and to examine the hypothesis that school accountability pressures contribute to such quality shortfalls. Our concern with the early grades arises from recent studies highlighting how…

Fuller, Sarah C.; Ladd, Helen F.

2013-01-01

100

An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

2012-01-01

101

Peer Assessment as a Learning Tool for Enhancing Student Teachers' Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how peer assessment contributes to enhancing student teachers' preparation during field experience. A semi-structured interview was conducted with 72 student teachers. The findings showed that the student teachers have positive beliefs about peer assessment. They think that it can be beneficial if some changes are made in…

Al-Barakat, Ali; Al-Hassan, Omayya

2009-01-01

102

Features of Pre-Kindergarten Programs, Classrooms, and Teachers: Do They Predict Observed Classroom Quality and Child-Teacher Interactions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study draws from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's Multi-State Pre-Kindergarten Study to examine the extent to which program, class- room, and teacher attributes of the program ecology predict observed quality and teacher-child interactions in a sample of 238 classrooms representing 6 states' pre-kindergarten programs. Quality was assessed observationally at the global level and for specific teaching

Robert Pianta; Carollee Howes; Margaret Burchinal; Donna Bryant; Richard Clifford; Diane Early; Oscar Barbarin

2005-01-01

103

Student Engagement in the Scottish Quality Enhancement Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research addressed the interplay of student engagement and quality enhancement mechanisms in the Scottish higher education system. The paper demonstrates increasing focus on student learning, learning experience and high-quality learning in the current quality enhancement approaches. The student-university coproduction model is used to…

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2011-01-01

104

The Quality of School Life: Teacher-Student Trust Relationships and the Organizational School Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In exploring the quality of schools' social system, this study provides insight into in which types of schools students may encounter barriers in developing supportive teacher-student relationships because of teachers exposing low levels of trust in students. Student culture and teachability perceptions are assessed as incentives for teachers'…

Van Maele, Dimitri; Van Houtte, Mieke

2011-01-01

105

Emotional Experience, Expression, and Regulation of High-Quality Japanese Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigates the emotional experience, expression, and regulation processes of high-quality Japanese elementary school teachers while they interact with children, in terms of teachers' emotional competence. Qualitative analysis of interview data demonstrated that teachers had various emotional experiences including self-elicited…

Hosotani, Rika; Imai-Matsumura, Kyoko

2011-01-01

106

Links Among Italian Preschoolers' Socio-Emotional Competence, Teacher-Child Relationship Quality and Peer Acceptance  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the present study was to examine the relations of teacher-child relationship quality (close, conflictive, and dependent), children’s social behavior, and peer likability in a sample of Italian preschool-aged children (46 boys; 42 girls). Preschool teachers evaluated the quality of the teacher-child relationship and children’s social behaviors (i.e., social competence, anger-aggression, and anxiety-withdrawal). Peer-rated likability was measured using a sociometric procedure. Results indicated that conflictual teacher-child relationships were related to high aggressive behavior, and dependent teacher-child relationships were positively associated with children’s anxiety-withdrawal. Moreover, we found an indirect association between close teacher-child relationship quality and peer likability through children’s social competence. The findings provide evidence that the teacher-child relationship is critical for children’s social behaviors, and that social competence was uniquely related to peer likability. PMID:24039375

Sette, Stefania; Spinrad, Tracy; Baumgartner, Emma

2013-01-01

107

Responding to Teacher Quality and Accountability Mandates: The Perspective of School Administrators and Classroom Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we examine how the federal, state, and district policy environments affect the decisions and work of principals and teachers. Specifically, we examine principal and teacher perceptions of policies and practices focused on: (1) increasing the overall supply of qualified teachers; (2) recruiting qualified teachers; (3) distributing qualified teachers to hard-to-staff schools and subject areas; and (4) retaining

Christopher Roellke; Jennifer King Rice

2008-01-01

108

Using distance education and ICT to improve access, equity and the quality in rural teachers' professional development in western China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of 'teacher quality for all' is proving difficult to achieve in many countries, especially in rural areas, yet teacher quality is a key determinant of students' participation rates and achievement levels. It also affects the attainment of social justice in terms of equity in educational quality for students. One contributor to teacher quality is professional development though limits

Bernadette Robinson

109

Developing a participatory multidisciplinary team approach to enhance the quality of school start  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article discusses how participatory action research was applied during a three-year project at 27 schools in Norway in order to enhance the quality of school start. A multidisciplinary on-site team approach was developed, supported by workshops and dialogue seminars. External professionals from the supportive municipal health care system and special education\\/school psychology services assisted children and teachers in the

Synnøve Iversen; Bjørn Ellertsen; Svein Roar Joacobsen; Målfrid Råheim; Ann-Mari Knivsberg

2006-01-01

110

Teacher Loyalty of Elementary Schools in Taiwan: The Contribution of Gratitude and Relationship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gratitude was an important missing factor in the extant relationship quality and relationship loyalty model. We introduced gratitude into the model of relationship quality and relationship loyalty. Two hundred and eighteen teachers from elementary schools in Taiwan were used to conduct an empirical research. The results show that teachers'…

Ting, Shueh-Chin; Yeh, Liang-Yin

2014-01-01

111

Quality Teacher Induction: "Fourth-Wave" (1997-2006) Induction Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this essay is to describe quality teacher induction that has evolved from "fourth-wave" (1997-2006) teacher induction program development and research. A definition of quality induction is proposed, and a set of induction goals and components are outlined. Understandings gained from fourth-wave programs are described, including ways…

Wood, Ann L.; Stanulis, Randi Nevins

2009-01-01

112

Relations among Preschool Teachers' Self-Efficacy, Classroom Quality, and Children's Language and Literacy Gains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relations among preschool teachers' self-efficacy (n = 67), classroom quality (instructional and emotional support), and children's (n = 328) gains in print awareness and vocabulary knowledge over an academic year in the US. Results indicated that teachers' self-efficacy and classroom quality served as significant and…

Guo, Ying; Piasta, Shayne B.; Justice, Laura M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.

2010-01-01

113

Tapping the Potential: Retaining and Developing High-Quality New Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing consensus that the single most important factor in determining student performance is the quality of the teacher. Therefore, if the national goal of providing an equitable education to children across this nation is to be met, it is critical that efforts be concentrated on developing and retaining high-quality teachers in every…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

114

Evaluating EFL Intermediate Teachers' Performance in the Light of Quality Standards in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research aimed at four points: First, Identifying the most appropriate standards of EFL Saudi teachers' performance in the light of quality standards. Second, designing an objective and comprehensive evaluation rubric based on quality standards to evaluate EFL Saudi intermediate teachers' performance. Third, determining to what extent…

Al-Thumali, Amani Dakheel Allah

2011-01-01

115

Creating a Quality Higher Education Teacher Base and Measures for Undertaking Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Significant achievements have been made in the quality of the teacher base in China's higher education institutions, yet problems remain that cannot be ignored. Higher education institutions must therefore cultivate the concept of scientific development, become more knowledgeable, and set up policy mechanisms to improve the quality of the teacher

Wei, Jiang

2005-01-01

116

E-Mentoring: Enhancing Special Education Teacher Induction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching in 21st-century schools cannot easily be separated from technology-based solutions. Instead, technology is increasingly becoming an essential tool for any teacher's toolbox, especially the new teacher who is often considered a digital native. In teacher education and professional development, technology-based learning, or…

Smith, Sean J.; Israel, Maya

2010-01-01

117

A Comparison of Teacher-Rated Classroom Conduct, Social Skills, and Teacher–Child Relationship Quality Between Preschool English Learners and Preschool English Speakers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the differences between preschool English learners and preschool English speakers in the areas of classroom conduct, social skills, and teacher–child relationship quality, as rated by their teachers. Data were taken from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project. Students who were English learners were rated significantly more positively on classroom conduct and teacher–child relationship quality than

Molly Luchtel; Kere Hughes; Gayle Luze; Katherine Richardson Bruna; Carla Peterson

2010-01-01

118

Quality improvement practices: enhancing quality of life during mealtimes.  

PubMed

This article describes ten dining room problems, identified in a nursing home study, that needed quality improvement, as well as six quality practices suggested for implementation. These six quality practices provide the basis for an excellent eating experience characterized by a home-like atmosphere, high levels of staff-resident interaction, and increased attention to safety and ethical issues. The six practices also could serve as the foundation for a facility-wide, cost-effective, quality improvement program. PMID:11998672

Evans, B C; Crogan, N L

2001-01-01

119

Qualities of effective secondary science teachers: Perspectives of university biology students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research was an attempt to hear the student voice concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and to share that voice with those who impact the educational process. It was a snapshot of university freshmen biology students' opinions of the qualities of effective secondary science teachers based on their high school science experiences. The purpose of this study was to compile a list of effective secondary science teacher qualities as determined through a purposeful sampling of university second semester biology students and determine the role of the secondary science teacher in promoting interest and achievement in science, as well as the teacher's influence on a students' choice of a science career. The research was a mixed methods design using both quantitative and qualitative data obtained through the use of a 24 question electronic survey. There were 125 participants who provided information concerning their high school science teachers. Respondents provided information concerning the qualities of effective secondary science teachers and influences on the students' present career choice. The quantitative data was used to construct a hierarchy of qualities of effective secondary science teachers, divided into personal, professional, and classroom management qualities. The qualitative data was used to examine individual student responses to questions concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and student career choice. The results of the research indicated that students highly value teachers who are both passionate about the subject taught and passionate about their students. High school science students prefer teachers who teach science in a way that is both interesting and relevant to the student. It was determined that the greatest influence on a secondary student's career choice came from family members and not from teachers. The secondary teacher's role was to recognize the student's interest in the career and provide encouragement, motivation, and success in support of the chosen career.

McCall, Madelon J.

120

Quality Enhancement on E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Benchmarking, a method for quality assurance has not been very commonly used in higher education with regard to e-learning. Today, e-learning is an integral part of higher education, and so should also be an integral part of quality assurance systems. However, quality indicators, benchmarks and critical success factors on e-learning have…

Ossiannilsson, E. S. I.

2012-01-01

121

34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.  

...development to enable them to become highly qualified and effective classroom teachers; (ii) Describe the strategies the State will use...or inexperienced teachers. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1810-0581)...

2014-07-01

122

Talent Development for the Talent Developers: Identifying and Developing the Qualities of Effective Teachers of Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contains a literature review concerning the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted. The research analysed 15 empirical studies and identified several common qualities of effective teachers. It is proposed that the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted are equivalent to talents in Gagne's differentiated model of giftedness…

Slatter, Christopher John

2008-01-01

123

A Study of the Quality of Teaching of Beginning Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study gathered information from 94 first-year teachers (graduates of Memorial University, Newfoundland, Canada) regarding their attitudes towards teaching, methodological and technical competencies, and the adequacy of their teacher preparation. The teachers were asked to give background information that included degree received, type of…

Covert, James R.

124

Solving the Problem of Teacher Quality, Part 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's shortage of talented teachers--possibly a cyclical phenomenon--results largely from low teacher salaries, many survey indicate; moreover, a computer simulation confirms, recent institutional decisions aggravate the problem. Consequently, reforms that focus exclusively on teacher training practices and/or certification must ultimately fail.…

Weaver, W. Timothy

1984-01-01

125

The National Teacher Enhancement Program (K-8) coordinated by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Teachers need help, not harassment. So do the establishments in which teachers practice their profession. Community resources must be marshalled to provide help to local schools and teachers. In 1990 the National Science Foundation (NSF) established a unique educational activity named the National Teacher Enhancement Program (NTEP). NSF took advantage of the Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored educational programs and resources at several large DOE contractor labs that had had prior experience with DOE supported teacher enhancement programs. While DOE concentrated on teacher enhancement activities for secondary teachers, the NSF concentrated on teachers from grades K-8. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is the lead organization for both administering and coordinating the grant. Other participating laboratories are Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FERMI), Battelle-Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL) with some support functions provided by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU). The program calls for a three week duration workshop to be conducted at each lab followed by in-service training and other activities during the year. The NSF/NTEP protocol calls for networking among the participating organizations and some of the teachers. An assessment effort is also an integral part of the program. 2 refs.

Richmond, C.R.

1991-01-01

126

Enhancing Teacher Health Literacy in School Health Promotion: A Vision for the New Millennium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews a traditional model for school health teacher preparation, presenting an alternative model for enhancing health literacy in teacher education which offers an innovative instructional paradigm, the Child and Adolescent Health (CAH) Logic Framework. This model emphasizes links between child and adolescent health research and theory, CAH…

Peterson, Fred L.; Cooper, Randy J.; Laird, Justin M.

2001-01-01

127

ESL Coteaching and Collaboration: Opportunities to Develop Teacher Leadership and Enhance Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the United States, mainstream and English as a second language (ESL) teachers have been sharing their expertise using coteaching and collaboration strategies gleaned from their counterparts in special education inclusion classrooms. These teacher leaders are working together to enhance instruction for their English language learner (ELL)…

Dove, Maria; Honigsfeld, Andrea

2010-01-01

128

Insights from a Subject Knowledge Enhancement Course for Preparing New Chemistry and Physics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent Government response to shortages of new physics and chemistry teachers is the extended subject knowledge enhancement (SKE) course. Graduates without a physics or chemistry bachelor degree are prepared by an SKE course to enter a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) programme to become science teachers with a physics or chemistry…

Inglis, Michael; Mallaburn, Andrea; Tynan, Richard; Clays, Ken; Jones, Robert Bryn

2013-01-01

129

Investigating the relationship between pharmacy students' achievement goal orientations and preferred teacher qualities.  

PubMed

Objective. To investigate the relationships between pharmacy students' preferred teacher qualities and their academic achievement goal orientations. Methods. Participants completed an achievement goal questionnaire and a build-a-teacher task. For the latter, students were given a $20 hypothetical budget to purchase amounts of 9 widely valued teachers' qualities. Results. Three hundred sixty-six students participated. Students spent most of their budget on the traits of enthusiasm, expertise, and clear presentation style, and the least amount of money on interactive teaching, reasonable workload, warm personality, and intellectually challenging. In relation to achievement goals, negative associations were found between avoidance goals and preferences for teachers who encourage rigorous thinking and self-direction. Conclusion. These novel findings provide a richer profile of the ways students respond to their learning environment. Understanding the relationships between teachers' characteristics and pharmacy students' achievement goal orientations will contribute to improving the quality of pharmacy learning and teaching environments. PMID:25258440

Alrakaf, Saleh; Sainsbury, Erica; Rose, Grenville; Smith, Lorraine

2014-09-15

130

Investigating the Relationship Between Pharmacy Students' Achievement Goal Orientations and Preferred Teacher Qualities  

PubMed Central

Objective. To investigate the relationships between pharmacy students’ preferred teacher qualities and their academic achievement goal orientations. Methods. Participants completed an achievement goal questionnaire and a build-a-teacher task. For the latter, students were given a $20 hypothetical budget to purchase amounts of 9 widely valued teachersqualities. Results. Three hundred sixty-six students participated. Students spent most of their budget on the traits of enthusiasm, expertise, and clear presentation style, and the least amount of money on interactive teaching, reasonable workload, warm personality, and intellectually challenging. In relation to achievement goals, negative associations were found between avoidance goals and preferences for teachers who encourage rigorous thinking and self-direction. Conclusion. These novel findings provide a richer profile of the ways students respond to their learning environment. Understanding the relationships between teachers’ characteristics and pharmacy students’ achievement goal orientations will contribute to improving the quality of pharmacy learning and teaching environments. PMID:25258440

Sainsbury, Erica; Rose, Grenville; Smith, Lorraine

2014-01-01

131

Good Teachers on Dangerous Ground: Towards a New View of Teacher Quality and Professionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ideas about what makes a good teacher are important in thinking about educational reform, and have come into focus recently. These ideas are contested and open to change. The first part of this paper traces models of the good teacher in Australia from the colonial-era good servant, through an ideal of the autonomous scholar-teacher, to…

Connell, Raewyn

2009-01-01

132

Enhancing causal interpretations of quality improvement interventions  

PubMed Central

In an era of chronic resource scarcity it is critical that quality improvement professionals have confidence that their project activities cause measured change. A commonly used research design, the single group pre-test/post-test design, provides little insight into whether quality improvement interventions cause measured outcomes. A re-evaluation of a quality improvement programme designed to reduce the percentage of bilateral cardiac catheterisations for the period from January 1991 to October 1996 in three catheterisation laboratories in a north eastern state in the USA was performed using an interrupted time series design with switching replications. The accuracy and causal interpretability of the findings were considerably improved compared with the original evaluation design. Moreover, the re-evaluation provided tangible evidence in support of the suggestion that more rigorous designs can and should be more widely employed to improve the causal interpretability of quality improvement efforts. Evaluation designs for quality improvement projects should be constructed to provide a reasonable opportunity, given available time and resources, for causal interpretation of the results. Evaluators of quality improvement initiatives may infrequently have access to randomised designs. Nonetheless, as shown here, other very rigorous research designs are available for improving causal interpretability. Unilateral methodological surrender need not be the only alternative to randomised experiments. Key Words: causal interpretations; quality improvement; interrupted time series design; implementation fidelity PMID:11533426

Cable, G

2001-01-01

133

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

134

Improving Teacher Quality Program: 2009 Grants and Current Activity. Report 09-24  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California Postsecondary Education Commission's (CPEC's) Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program (ITQ) awards $8 million annually to support university-based teacher professional development projects. The program is funded by the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. CPEC awards these grant funds through a competitive process involving…

Sidarous, Natalie

2009-01-01

135

Mathematics Teacher Quality: Its Distribution and Relationship with Student Achievement in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A main purpose of the present study was to investigate the distribution of qualified mathematics teachers in relation to students' socioeconomic status (SES), as measured by parental education, among Turkish middle schools. Further, relationships between mathematics teacher quality indicators and students' mathematics achievement were…

Özel, Zeynep Ebrar Yetkiner; Özel, Serkan

2013-01-01

136

Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

2010-01-01

137

Recruitment of Future High Quality Urban Mathematics Teachers: A Process of Instrument Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we share our approach and current progress in the development of a research- based recruitment instrument that will be used in selecting students for an initial preparation program. This instrument will facilitate the selection of future teachers of secondary mathematics who possess the potential to become high quality teachers

Pier A.; Junor-Clarke; Thomas, Christine D.; Vidakovic, Draga

2007-01-01

138

Linkage between Teacher Quality, Student Achievement,and Cognitive Skills: A Rule-Space Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of teacher credentials and student performance is revisited in an international setting using the TIMSS-99 data. The lack of consistent positive link between credentials and performance can be explained via three routes: measurement problem of ''teacher quality'' input, measurement problem of ''student outcomes'', and the production…

Xin, T.; Xu, Z.; Tatsuoka, K.

2004-01-01

139

Beginning EFL Teachers' Beliefs about Quality Questions and Their Questioning Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivated by the scarcity of research that examines the impact of teacher beliefs on their actual practices in Vietnam, this study investigated the relationship between teachers' beliefs about quality questions and their questioning behaviours in terms of questioning purposes, content focus, students' cognitive level, wording and syntax.…

Pham, Ly Ngoc Khanh; Hamid, M. Obaidul

2013-01-01

140

TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (TQM) IN EDUCATION - PERCEPTION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to present the perception of secondary school teachers in Mysore city (India) regarding Total Quality Management (TQM) in education. It is an attempt to understand how these perceptions vary by demographic variable such as, gender & subject specialization (Arts and Sciences). Data were collected from 156 high school teachers in Mysore (India) on the Bonstingle's conceptualization of

Hadi Mohammad Pour

141

The Quality of School Life and Burnout as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being among Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to determine the rate of how teachers' subjective wellbeing is predicted by their perceptions about the quality of school life and burnout levels. The participants of the study consisted of 161 teachers (93 females, 68 males) who were working in elementary schools in Adana central districts. The Positive-Negative…

Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya; Sari, Mediha

2009-01-01

142

Assessing Quality of Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Written Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of scientific arguments developed by pre-service physics teachers. Sample: The participants were 171 pre-service physics teachers recruited from two universities: 86 from University A and 85 from University B. Design and method: Participants were prompted to develop a written argument to…

Aydeniz, Mehmet; Gürçay, Deniz

2013-01-01

143

Improving Teacher Quality Program: Current Grants and Upcoming Activities. Commission Report 08-26  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several hundred teachers and thousands of students are benefiting from professional development projects that operate all over California under the auspices of the California Postsecondary Education Commission. The Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program provides federal funds from the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 to universities that…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

144

Update on the Commission's Improving Teacher Quality Grants Program. Commission Report 08-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief report provides an update on the status of the Commission's Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) Program, now in the midst of its 2008 competition to provide teacher professional development grants to California colleges and universities. The 2008 Request for Proposals was released in early March. Technical assistance meetings to explain the…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

145

Motivation and Quality of Work Life among Secondary School EFL Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study set out to investigate the relationship between quality of work life and teacher motivation among 160 secondary school English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers in Tehran, Iran. In addition, 30 of the participants were randomly selected to take part in follow-up interviews which asked why they felt the way they reported. The results…

Baleghizadeh, Sasan; Gordani, Yahya

2012-01-01

146

Child care program and teacher practices: associations with quality and children’s experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, we identified teacher and program practices in child care programs designed to serve low-income children and families of color and examined associations among these articulated practices, quality, and observed child behaviors. Two hundred and sixty children (50% girls) and 80 teachers from 22 programs in Los Angeles and rural North Carolina participated in this research. There were

Alison G. Wishard; Eva Marie Shivers; Carollee Howes; Sharon Ritchie

2003-01-01

147

Special Education Teacher Quality and Preparation: Exposing Foundations, Constructing a New Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors trace changes in conceptions of special education teacher quality and preparation in response to developments in special education research, policy, and practice. This developmental arc is a backdrop for understanding contemporary special education practice and charting future directions for preparing special education teachers.…

Brownell, Mary T.; Sindelar, Paul T.; Kiely, Mary Theresa; Danielson, Louis C.

2010-01-01

148

The Commission's Improving Teacher Quality Program: 2008 Initiatives. Commission Report 08-08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of activities are progressing in the Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) program, the federally funded program that the Commission administers to provide professional development to California educators. This program is part of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), and continues the work that began as the Eisenhower Teacher

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

149

Enhancing water quality in hydropower system operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The quality of impounded waters often degrades over time because of thermal stratification, sediment oxygen demands, and accumulation of pollutants. Consequently, reservoir releases impact water quality in tailwaters, channels, and other downstream water bodies. Low dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations in the Cumberland River below Old Hickory dam result from stratification of upstream reservoirs and seasonally low release rates. Operational changes in upstream hydropower reservoirs may be one method to increase DO levels without substantially impacting existing project purposes. A water quality model of the upper Cumberland basin is integrated into an optimal control algorithm to evaluate water quality improvement opportunities through operational modifications. The integrated water quantity/quality model maximizes hydropower revenues, subject to various flow and headwater operational restrictions for satisfying multiple project purposes, as well as maintenance of water quality targets. Optimal daily reservoir release policies are determined for the summer drawdown period which increase DO concentrations under stratification conditions with minimal impact on hydropower production and other project purposes. Appendixes A-D available with entire article on microfiche. Order by mail from AGU, 2000 Florida Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20009 or by phone at 800-966-2481; $2.50. Document W97-003. Payment must accompany order.

Hayes, Donald F.; Labadie, John W.; Sanders, Thomas G.; Brown, Jackson K.

1998-03-01

150

Teacher Demand and Supply: Improving Teaching Quality and Addressing Teacher Shortages. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an extensive review of the most relevant issues involved in the management of teacher demand and supply at the pre-tertiary level. First, it proposes a conceptual framework for distinguishing among, defining and relating the different relevant factors. Second, it identifies trends and policy concerns regarding the quality of…

Santiago, Paulo

2002-01-01

151

Motivational Qualities of Mathematical Experiences for Turkish Preservice Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is based on the principle that the mathematical anxiety in preservice kindergarten teachers-to-be should be removed and they should be encouraged towards mathematics. It is expected from teachers-to-be who are able to construct this confidence to prepare exercises improving mathematical ideas for their students. This study was carried…

Bintas, Jale

2008-01-01

152

Selecting and Preparing Quality Teachers from the Personnel Pool.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Pathways to Teaching Program is answering Georgia's call for minority teachers by offering noncertified school district employees with exemplary work records, above average college grades, and sincere commitment to teaching, tuition and other support to take college courses and become certified as teachers. In return, scholars contract to…

Dandy, Evelyn Baker

153

Pervasive Adaptation for Enhancing Quality of Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

A visit to a public collection is potentially one of the most effective and entertaining ways of knowledge acquisition open to the general public. Such collections are nevertheless under in- creasing pressure, for various commercial and technical reasons, to improve the qualaity of experience (QoE) afforded to users. In this work, we propose to (try to) enhance QoE in a

Arvind Bhusate; Jeremy Pitt

154

Promoting Quality in Teaching through Diversity. A Report on the North Carolina Public Policy Forum. An Event of the North Carolina Consortium To Increase the Quality and Supply of Minority Teachers (May 30-31, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference report includes summaries of the following presentations: (1) "Overview and Opening Remarks" (Elridge W. McMillen); (2) Luncheon Address: "Diversity Equals Quality" (Joseph Vaughan); (3) "Overview of North Carolina Consortium Projects" (Nathaniel Jackson); (4) Session 1: "Academic Enhancement for Teacher Ed Students" (Zoe Locklear…

Southern Education Foundation, Atlanta, GA.

155

ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL (QUAL2EU)  

EPA Science Inventory

The enhanced stream water quality model QUAL2E and QUAL2E-UNCAS (37) permits simulation of several water quality constituents in a branching stream system using a finite difference solution to the one-dimensional advective-dispersive mass transport and reaction equation. The con...

156

Adaptive fingerprint image enhancement with fingerprint image quality analysis  

E-print Network

Adaptive fingerprint image enhancement with fingerprint image quality analysis Eun-Kyung Yun, Sung 20 September 2005; accepted 24 September 2005 Abstract Accurate minutiae extraction from fingerprint images is heavily dependent on the quality of the fingerprint images. In order to improve the performance

Cho, Sung-Bae

157

Use and Impact of a Quality Enhancement System  

E-print Network

their commitments and to act on the results in ways that advance student learning and improve educational quality · Negative factors of higher education's past quality enhancement processes · What is does systematic mean) · Systematically strengthen academic departmental impact (student learning, faculty research, and faculty service

Farritor, Shane

158

Enhancing the Quality of Child Care: Lessons from Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on current research, this paper advocates the optimization and enhancement of quality in group day care. Child development researchers offer many suggestions for improving the quality of child care. Recent research has indicated the importance peers play in children's development. Researchers have also indicated the importance of…

Chambliss, Catherine

159

How quality control circles enhance work safety: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how quality control circles (QCCs) enhance work safety in a manufacturing firm in a developing country environment of the Middle East. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is an exploratory investigation into the role of QCCs in enhancing work safety based on a case study method. This includes: a comprehensive scrutiny of

Salaheldin I. Salaheldin; Mohamed Zain

2007-01-01

160

Principals' Approaches to Developing Teacher Quality: Constraints and Opportunities in Hiring, Assigning, Evaluating, and Developing Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing evidence that, of all school resources, teachers have the largest impact on student achievement. Principals arguably play the most important role in ensuring that excellent teaching occurs in their school. How principals hire teachers, assign them to specific positions, evaluate them, and provide growth opportunities for them…

Donaldson, Morgaen L.

2011-01-01

161

Quality Science Teacher Professional Development and Student Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies show that socio-economic background and parental education accounts for 50-60 percent of a child's achievement in school. School, and other influences, account for the remaining 40-50 percent. In contrast to most other professions, schools require no real apprenticeship training of science teachers. Overall, only 38 percent of United States teachers have had any on-the-job training in their first teaching

J. Dubner

2007-01-01

162

Enhancing Reasoning Attitudes Of Prospective Elementary School Mathematics Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a constructivist approach for teaching mathematics to prospective elementary school teachers in USA. This approach employs a model of a “mathematical situation,” a set of physical operations and a physical language to reason about students’ mathematical doings. One of the primary goals of this approach is to promote a reasoning attitude toward the learning of mathematics by

Dvora Peretz

2006-01-01

163

How can video supported reflection enhance teachers' professional development?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper responds to Eva Lundqvist, Jonas Almqvist and Leif Ostman's account of how the manner of teaching can strongly influence pupil learning by recommending video supported reflection as a means by which teachers can transform the nature of their practice. Given the complex nature of the many conditions which influence and control teachers' actions the reframing of routine practice through reflection-in-action can prove challenging. This response paper describes how video can empower teachers to take greater control of their progress and allows for a more social constructivist approach to professional development. Along with a consideration of the difficulties associated with the notion of `reflection' and a short case study, the paper uses Lev Semenovich Vygotsky's zone of proximal development and the notion of scaffolding to propose that video offers a Video Supported Zone of Proximal Development which can ease the process of teacher development. In capturing permanent and exchangeable representations of practice video encourages a collaborative approach to reflection and is consistent with the original ideas of John Dewey.

McCullagh, John F.

2012-03-01

164

Enhancing Learning Approaches in an Undergraduate Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study implemented contextual modifications in a preservice teacher education program to improve teaching and learning. The modifications were designed to increase students' use of deep approaches to learning and reduce their reliance on surface approaches. Because of how the teaching and learning environment was conceptualized, in accordance…

Gordon, Christopher; Debus, Ray

165

Enhancing Teacher Well-Being: Put On Your Oxygen Masks!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every day, teachers have the opportunity to have great impact on the lives of children through their leadership in the classroom. Their positive influence in the classroom is critical to meeting the challenges of educating and guiding young minds to their full potential. Recent research offers a number of strategies for promoting the five…

Hills, Kimberly J.; Robinson, Ashley

2010-01-01

166

T2QM (Teaching and Total Quality Management) for Medical Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the potential relationship of teaching and total quality management (TQM) and the subsequent benefits for individual medical teachers. Addresses issues such as defining teaching processes and quality teaching, responding to customers' needs, assessing current teaching practices, and improving one's own teaching. Contains 18 references.…

Bing-You, R. G.

1997-01-01

167

Raising the Bar of Teacher Quality: Accountability, Collaboration, and Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, reform efforts to address poor student achievement have focused on a variety of issues other than teacher quality. Movements such as TQM (Total Quality Management), class size reduction (CSR), school leadership, parental involvement, and multicultural curriculum have not directly addressed the power or influence of the individual…

Ganley, DeLacy Derin; Quintanar, Anita P.; Loop, Lisa S.

2007-01-01

168

E-Learning Quality Assurance: A Perspective of Business Teacher Educators and Distance Learning Coordinators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Business teacher educators and distance learning coordinators have the responsibility to deliver quality online courses and programs. Therefore, they must make sure that quality assurance benchmarks are present in online business education courses and programs. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which…

Chapman, Betty F.; Henderson, Ronda G.

2010-01-01

169

MTU-pre-service teacher enhancement program. Final report, September 1992--May 1995  

SciTech Connect

The MTU Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program was a two year extended project designed to introduce a select group of science and engineering undergraduate students, with good {open_quotes}people skills,{close_quotes} to the teaching profession. Participants were paid for their time spent with area teacher/mentors and were involved in a variety of in school activities, projects and observations to illustrate the teaching profession. They were encouraged to consider the teaching profession as a future career option. The student participants, however, were under no obligation to enter the Teacher Education Program at the conclusion of the program.

Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.J.

1996-01-01

170

Use Teacher Effectiveness Tools to Enhance Your Coaching Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coaching is one of the highest profile positions that schools and colleges employ. At the collegiate level, these individuals can even be the highest paid public employees in their states, and successful coaches are often the highest paid individuals in their school districts. But successful coaches can be defined in a number of ways, and…

Newman, Richard E.

2012-01-01

171

Teachers at Work: Improving Teacher Quality through School Design. Education Sector Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Furman Brown has spent over a decade figuring out how to design a better school. As a first-year teacher in South Central Los Angeles in the early 1990s, he got a taste of what was wrong with the traditional public school model: It was not designed to serve students "or" teachers well. Convinced there was a better way to organize and distribute…

Silva, Elena

2009-01-01

172

Children's Books in Child Care Classrooms: Quality, Accessibility, and Reasons for Teachers' Choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of child care classrooms as contexts for early literacy development makes it critical to investigate the child care teacher's role in selecting, reading, and making accessible high-quality children's books, and in providing a variety of reading opportunities. The present study was designed to obtain exploratory descriptive information about this neglected topic. Twenty-one teachers of 4-year-old children from a

Sandra Stone; Sandra Twardosz

2001-01-01

173

Understanding Motivation & Supporting Teacher Renewal. Quality Teaching and Learning Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides findings from two related areas of research for people who work outside the classroom in supporting roles (e.g., principals, service providers, policymakers, and change agents): human motivation in general and teacher motivation to change practice. After discussing the creation of conditions which will motivate growth,…

Dzubay, Dawn

174

Recruiting and Retaining High-Quality Teachers in Rural Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In examining recruitment and retention of teachers in rural areas, David Monk begins by noting the numerous possible characteristics of rural communities--small size, sparse settlement, distance from population concentrations, and an economic reliance on agricultural industries that are increasingly using seasonal and immigrant workers to minimize…

Monk, David H.

2007-01-01

175

Illinois Improving Teacher Quality State Grants: Learning about STEM Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a necessary preliminary for this issue on Illinois' experience with school-university partnerships to provide teacher development opportunities, this article provides a review of the literature relevant to such programs. As the evaluation and assessment have changed over the years since the Eisenhower grants period, the author explains the…

Gardner, Dianne C.

2011-01-01

176

Improving Schools: Quality Indicators Used When Selecting K-12 Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the education community there is a lack of consensus about how to define criteria to be used in assessing teacher qualifications. This report describes findings of a survey sent to all building administrators and district superintendents in the Kansas public schools (n=1,554). The survey elicited a total of 868 responses, 60 percent…

Moore, Arnold J.

177

The Consequences of Student Testing for Teaching and Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While some proponents of testing rest their hopes for stronger learning on the expectation that tests alone will motivate students to work harder, most posit that better learning will result primarily from better teaching--due to curriculum changes, greater attention to student needs, stronger teacher motivation, or focused investments in…

Darling-Hammond, Linda; Rustique-Forrester, Elle

2005-01-01

178

Enhanced Teacher Preparation Coming to You Live from the Teacher Learning Center!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features an innovative project called the "Teacher Learning Center" (TLC) that is jointly funded by the South Dakota Department of Education, Black Hills State University (BHSU), and the Spearfish School District in Spearfish, South Dakota. The purpose of this project was to provide opportunities for preservice and new elementary…

Hovland, Michelle; Chandler, Cynthia

2008-01-01

179

Online Learning Community Development with Teachers as a Means of Enhancing Initial Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A purpose-built blend of teaching and learning activities was used with trainee teachers on a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) course, and subsequently evaluated in a cyclical action research study, over a period of two years. The purpose of the blend was to engender the formation of a learning community, by giving them access to each…

Hramiak, Alison

2010-01-01

180

A Quality Enhancement Plan prepared for the Commission on Colleges  

E-print Network

prepared for the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools As a ComponentA Quality Enhancement Plan prepared for the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools As a Component of Reaffirmation for: Stephen F. Austin State University March 1

Long, Nicholas

181

The Joy of Learning Enhancing Learning Experience -Improving Learning Quality  

E-print Network

within this autonomous, reciprocal and collaborative learning context has been an interesting researchThe Joy of Learning Enhancing Learning Experience - Improving Learning Quality Proceedings of the European Distance and E-Learning Network 2013 Annual Conference Oslo, 12-15 June, 2013 ISBN 978

Halazonetis, Thanos

182

The Case Against Quality-Blind Teacher Layoffs: Why Layoff Policies That Ignore Teacher Quality Need to End Now  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past two years, federal stimulus funding has protected schools from some of the worst effects of the recession. But as federal support wanes and states face looming deficits, deep cuts are becoming unavoidable. School districts will almost certainly be forced to lay off teachers to make ends meet. Given decades of research showing that…

New Teacher Project, 2011

2011-01-01

183

Using Web-Based Cases to Enhance, Extend, and Transform Pre-Service Teacher Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was part of a two-year review regarding the use of Web-based case conferencing to enhance, extend, and transform the learning of pre-service teachers in an introductory educational psychology course. First, Web conferencing enhanced the learning opportunities within educational psychology by providing an electronically shared space for hundreds of students to share, discuss, and reflect on case situations common

Curtis J. Bonk; Katrina Daytner; Gary Daytner; Vanessa Dennen; Steve Malikowski

2002-01-01

184

Typology of delivery quality: latent profile analysis of teacher engagement and delivery techniques in a school-based prevention intervention, keepin' it REAL curriculum.  

PubMed

Enhancing the delivery quality of school-based, evidence-based prevention programs is one key to ensuring uniform program effects on student outcomes. Program evaluations often focus on content dosage when implementing prevention curricula, however, less is known about implementation quality of prevention content, especially among teachers who may or may not have a prevention background. The goal of the current study is to add to the scholarly literature on implementation quality for a school-based substance use prevention intervention. Twenty-five schools in Ohio and Pennsylvania implemented the original keepin' REAL (kiR) substance use prevention curriculum. Each of the 10, 40-45 min lessons of the kiR curriculum was video recorded. Coders observed and rated a random sample of 276 videos reflecting 78 classes taught by 31 teachers. Codes included teachers' delivery techniques (e.g. lecture, discussion, demonstration and role play) and engagement with students (e.g. attentiveness, enthusiasm and positivity). Based on the video ratings, a latent profile analysis was run to identify typology of delivery quality. Five profiles were identified: holistic approach, attentive teacher-orientated approach, enthusiastic lecture approach, engaged interactive learning approach and skill practice-only approach. This study provides a descriptive typology of delivery quality while implementing a school-based substance use prevention intervention. PMID:25274721

Shin, YoungJu; Miller-Day, Michelle; Pettigrew, Jonathan; Hecht, Michael L; Krieger, Janice L

2014-12-01

185

Teacher Quality and Troops to Teachers: A National Study with Implications for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2005 national study surveyed 2,103 Troops to Teachers (T3) program completers and their school administrators using 21 research-based instructional practices and four effective classroom management strategies associated with increased student achievement to determine whether T3s were more effective in the classroom than traditionally prepared…

Owings, William A.; Kaplan, Leslie S.; Nunnery, John; Marzano, Robert; Myran, Stephen; Blackburn, David

2006-01-01

186

Mathematics Reform and Teacher Quality in Elementary Grades: Assessments, Teacher Licensure, and Certification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyzed the gap in mathematics standards, assessments and accountability, and teacher licensure and certification requirements in mathematics for elementary grades. We found states delineated mathematics academic standards in specific content areas. Licensure and certification requirements were weak indicators since they lacked the specificity…

Georges, Annie; Borman, Kathryn M.; Lee, Reginald S.

2010-01-01

187

The Teacher and the World: A Study of Cosmopolitanism as Education. Teacher Quality and School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers over the world over are seeking creative ways to respond to the problems and possibilities generated by globalization. Many of them work with children and youth from increasingly varied backgrounds, with diverse needs and capabilities. Others work with homogeneous populations and yet are aware that their students will encounter many…

Hansen, David

2011-01-01

188

The Case Study Method: Critical Thinking Enhanced by Effective Teacher Questioning Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A diverse body of educational research provides strong theoretical support for the development of higher order cognitive learning skills through case teaching. Case study teachers can improve their questioning skills to enhance students' critical thinking. The theoretical background for questioning in case method teaching and learning is traceable…

Wood, Alexander T.; Anderson, Carol H.

189

Student and Teacher Regulation of Learning in Technology enhanced Science Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates student and teacher regulation of learning during a 7-day technology-enhanced inquiry unit on the topic of global warming, and changes in students' strategies for learning science after interacting with the curriculum. Results reveal that students engage in some productive learning strategies promoted in the design of the project, such as learning with visualizations and collaborating with others.

Stephanie B. Corliss; Michele W. Spitulnik

190

Blog-Enhanced ICT Courses: Examining Their Effects on Prospective Teachers' ICT Competencies and Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blogs are used as a technology support tool in teaching-learning processes in contemporary schools, especially in higher education. This paper examines the effects of using blogs on prospective teachers' perceived ICT competencies and perceptions in blog-enhanced ICT courses. Both quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used in the…

Goktas, Yuksel; Demirel, Turgay

2012-01-01

191

Collaborative Innovations with Rural and Regional Secondary Teachers: Enhancing Student Learning in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When questioned, secondary mathematics teachers in rural and regional schools in Australia refer to their limited opportunities to engage and share experiences with peers in other schools as an under-utilised and cost-effective mechanism to support their professional learning and enhance their students' learning. The paper reports on the creation…

Pegg, John; Panizzon, Debra

2011-01-01

192

Enhancing Pre-Service Elementary Teachers' Conceptual Understanding of Solution Chemistry with Conceptual Change Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the use of a constructivist-based pedagogy to enhance understanding of some features of solution chemistry. Pre-service science teacher trainees' prior knowledge about the dissolution of salts and sugar in water were elicited by the use of a simple diagnostic tool. The test revealed widespread alternative conceptions. These…

Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa; Coll, Richard Kevin

2007-01-01

193

Enhancing Professional Development for Teachers: Potential Uses of Information Technology, Report of a Workshop  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers, like other professionals, need to stay informed about new knowledge and technologies. Yet many express dissatisfaction with the professional development opportunities made available to them in schools and insist that the most effective development programs they have experienced have been self-initiated. "Enhancing Professional…

National Academies Press, 2007

2007-01-01

194

Introducing Mobile Technology for Enhancing Teaching and Learning in Bangladesh: Teacher Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the themes emerging from Bangladeshi teachers' experiences of taking part in the initial research and the development stage of a professional development programme they were involved with. The Secondary Teaching and Learning Programme is an information and communications technologies-enhanced supported open distance learning…

Shohel, M. Mahruf C.; Power, Tom

2010-01-01

195

The Relationship Between Teacher Behaviours and Student Talk in Promoting Quality Learning in Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper distils 24 years of classroom research into promoting quality learning in science classrooms to develop an overall framework for better understanding and describing both the learning and the teaching approaches that stimulate and support it. For me, quality learning is characterised by adjectives such as informed, purposeful, reflective, intellectually active, metacognitive and independent. Central to quality learning is the role of talk, and central to promoting talk which promotes quality learning are certain teacher behaviours. I first focus on the ways that teachers behave in the classroom in order to promote, react to and use student talk. These behaviours are summed up in a list of twelve principles for quality teaching. Each of these principles requires, as well as appropriate teacher behaviours, the use of effective teaching procedures. I then focus on four kinds of student talk that exemplify informed, purposeful, reflective and intellectually active thinking. These variously involve students’ existing ideas and explanations; increasing student ownership of practical activities; constructive challenges to the teacher (or text’s) idea, and lateral, reflective ‘thinking’ questions.

Mitchell, Ian

2010-03-01

196

Water Quality Indicators Guide [and Teacher's Handbook]: Surface Waters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide aids in finding water quality solutions to problems from sediment, animal wastes, nutrients, pesticides, and salts. The guide allows users to learn the fundamental concepts of water quality assessment by extracting basic tenets from geology, hydrology, biology, ecology, and wastewater treatment. An introduction and eight chapters are…

Terrell, Charles R.; Perfetti, Patricia Bytnar

197

Teachers and Teaching: Conceptualizing Quality Education in Rural Nicaragua  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy discourses reflected in the World Declaration on Education for All (EFA) (Inter-Agency Commission, 1990) and the subsequent Dakar Framework for Action and EFA: The Quality Imperative (UNESCO, 2001, 2004), have called for the improvement of the quality of basic education. These discourses emphasize student-centered pedagogical approaches in…

Sanyal, Anita

2009-01-01

198

The Qualities of Effective Teachers of High Ability Female Secondary School Students in Singapore: A Comparison of Teachers' and Students' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of high ability students (n = 32) described the qualities of their most effective teachers through a written essay. Analysis of the essays identified 30 different themes within four domains. These themes were used to construct a Likert scale survey and an ipsative comparison which were both administered to 42 teachers and 300 students at a…

Slatter, Christopher John

2010-01-01

199

Tapping the Potential: Retaining and Developing High-Quality New Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every child deserves effective, high-quality professional teachers. Without them, children will have difficulty reaching the high standards we expect them to achieve, and too many of them will fail. Historically, the federal government has worked to ensure that all children have equal access to a quality education, no matter where they live or what level of resources are available to their local schools. More recently, this attention to equity has expanded to include efforts to improve teacher quality. A logical next step for the federal government is to encourage and fund well-designed programs of induction for all new teachersâa straightforward and reliable way to produce rapid improvement in the quality of the nationâs teaching workforce.

2011-06-24

200

Brain Drain? Recruitment and Retention of High Quality Teachers in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines whether graduates of high academic quality (as measured by their university or university college Grade Point Average or GPA) are recruited to and remain in school jobs. Extensive data from Norwegian administrative registers are used. The analyses show that graduates from specialised and concurrent general teacher programmes go…

Mastekaasa, Arne

2011-01-01

201

Parent Involvement as a Predictor of Teacher-Child Relationship Quality in Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Research on teacher-child relationships is important, as the quality of this relationship is linked to numerous child outcomes in the areas of academic and social functioning. In addition, parent involvement has been identified as a significant factor in the successful development of a child. This study attempted to join these…

Wyrick, Amanda J.; Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz

2009-01-01

202

Quality Indicators for Competitive Employment Outcomes: What Special Education Teachers Need to Know in Transition Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of job outcomes achieved by youth with disabilities who are transitioning into employment varies widely across the country. Special education teachers, youth with disabilities, families, community rehabilitation program (CRP) staff providing employment services, and others involved in assisting transitioning youth can benefit from a…

Brooke, Valerie Ann; Revell, Grant; Wehman, Paul

2009-01-01

203

Water Quality: Water Education for Teachers. A 4-H School Enrichment Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This looseleaf notebook is a teacher resource package that is designed for enrichment program use. It contains five units dealing with water quality: (1) The Water Cycle; (2) Our Water Supply; (3) Waste/Water Treatment; (4) Water Conservation; (5) Water Pollution. The units provide background information, experiments, stories, poems, plays, and…

Powell, G. Morgan; Kling, Emily B.

204

Teachers' Quality, Instructional Strategies and Students' Performance in Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the instruction between two independent variables of Teacher Quality and Instructional Strategy on Students Performance in Secondary School Science. In trying to examine the problem of this study, three null hypotheses were generated for testing at 0.05 level of significance Factorial Analysis of variance design with one…

Okoye, Nnamid S.; Momoh, Solomon O.; Aigbomian, Daniel O.; Okecha, Rita Ebele

2008-01-01

205

Grant Title: IMPROVING TEACHER QUALITY: STATE GRANTS PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A  

E-print Network

, and art (considered core subject areas under "arts"). This priority also includes special educationGrant Title: IMPROVING TEACHER QUALITY: STATE GRANTS PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency/Department: Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary Education. Area of Research: Professional development

Farritor, Shane

206

Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources and…

Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

2011-01-01

207

Supporting High Quality Teacher-Child Interactions in Pre-K Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this three-paper manuscript dissertation is to add value to the limited knowledge base of research surrounding the quality of teacher-child interactions in pre-k mathematics contexts. The first paper, based on an extensive review of literature, presents a theoretical basis for using five-frames to support children's development of…

McGuire, Patrick

2010-01-01

208

Is Teacher Quality Related to Eighth-Grade Mathematics Achievement? Evidence from the 2007 NAEP Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to examine the impact NCLB defined teacher-quality variables (1) major/minor in mathematics, (2) highest academic degree, (3) type of teaching certificate, (4) years taught mathematics (NCLB, 2001) on the mathematics average scale scores of eighth-grade students. The study used a secondary analysis of the 2007 National…

Klecker, Beverly M.

2008-01-01

209

Investigating the Distribution of Teacher Quality by Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status of Students by School in One Large School District  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between teacher quality variables, student demographic variables, and student performance in order to determine the influence teacher quality variables have on student performance in one...

McGlohn, Robin

2012-07-16

210

Video transmission over MANETs with enhanced quality of experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality of Experience (QoE) enhancement for a transmitted video sequence in Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) is a challenging and important issue in networking research community. Intrinsic high levels of packet error probability in MANETs can cause high levels of distortion based on the position of packet loss in transmitted Intra-coded (I), Predicted (P) and Bi-predictive (B) frames. Hence, exact

Pejman Goudarzi; Mehdi Hosseinpour

2010-01-01

211

ENHANCE THE LITERARY CLASSROOM: ONE TEACHER’S LOOK AT THE USE OF CANONICAL  

E-print Network

ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Many people throughout my life have told me to reach for the stars. I want to acknowledge a special thank you to those who helped me pull them from the sky. To my committee members, whose influence is revealed throughout this study: Dr. Kathryn Castle, my chair, who planted the seeds of teacher research early in my doctoral career and helped the seeds bloom into this research that would help me in my classroom practice, Dr. Pam Brown whose creativity encouraged me in paths I never would have considered during this research, Dr. William Segall for his knowledge of research that deepened my study, Dr. Margaret Scott for her gentle words throughout this process. To my family and friends, for their help and encouragement in countless ways. A special thanks to my husband and best friend, Todd, for his words of encouragement that were filled with power to bring the stars to earth and his ears

Delisa Kay Kerr-ging; Multicultural; Literature In The; Kathryn Castle; William E. Segall; Pamela Unruh Brown; A. Gordon Emslie

212

Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal. Student teachers' responses to questionnaires, peer evaluation guidelines, and interviews provided alternative views about the efficacy of my pedagogy. Data collection and analysis was a hermeneutic and recursive process revealing emergent themes. One theme was that a focus on science content knowledge gave a false sense of confidence and overshadowed our ability to engage in meaningful conversations about learning to teach—a practice challenged through self-study research.

Garbett, Dawn

2011-12-01

213

How Organizations Can Enhance the Quality of Life of Their Clients and Assess Their Results: The Concept of QOL Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the framework of a dynamic approach to quality of life (QOL) enhancement based on the conceptualization and measurement of individual-referenced quality of life. Sections of the article summarize the premises of QOL enhancement, provide the rationale for a dynamic approach to QOL enhancement, discuss six components of QOL…

Reinders, Hans S.; Schalock, Robert L.

2014-01-01

214

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Enhancing CHBE Indoor Air Quality: Biowall Technology  

E-print Network

the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;Enhancing CHBE Indoor Air Quality: Biowall .............................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Indoor Air QualityUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Enhancing CHBE Indoor Air

215

Need for Equipping Teachers for Quality Higher Education: Exploring How Teachers in Kerala Perceive Quality Practices in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few years, India's higher education sector has witnessed remarkable progress. Though the country has the largest and the second largest higher education system in the world in terms of the number of institutions and enrolment respectively, it still faces challenges on several fronts. Quality of higher education (HE) is a…

Gafoor, Kunnthodi Abdul; Shilna, V.

2013-01-01

216

Elaborate analogies in science text: Tools for enhancing preservice teachers' knowledge and attitudes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study consisted of two experiments in which the learners read and studied texts about three fundamentally important science concepts. The learners, who were preservice teachers, read a control text with no analogy, a text with a simple analogy, and a text with an elaborate analogy. An elaborate analogy is one that consists of text and pictorial components in which similarities between the analog and the target concept are made explicit. The findings support the use of elaborate analogies in text for improving the science knowledge and attitudes of preservice teachers by relating familiar ideas to new ideas, thereby increasing the relevance and the comprehensibility of the new ideas. Increasing the relevancy of science text by inclusion of an elaborate analogy had an affective, cognitive, and metacognitive impact on learning. Data were examined either by a univariate analysis of variance for repeated measures or a Friedman's test for related samples. These data were supplemented by participants' qualitative responses which were categorized. The results indicated that elaborate analogies in text increased learners' interest in both the conceptual topic of the text and the text itself. Furthermore, the elaborate analogies enhanced learners' science concept learning and inference-making as well. In addition, elaborate analogies increased learners' metacognitive ability to accurately assess their knowledge of science concepts. Finally, elaborate analogies enhanced preservice teachers' self-efficacy for teaching science. The results are consistent with the view that use of analogies to enhance science attitudes and knowledge is inherently constructive in nature. The present findings suggest that current practices of how preservice teachers learn science should be adapted to take advantage of analogies in a more systematic way. Future researchers should investigate the usefulness of elaborate analogies for enhancing metacognition in domain novices and domain experts. Future research in the use of elaborate analogies should continue to incorporate both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Paris, Nita A.

2000-11-01

217

Enhancing the Practice of Physics Teachers: Mechanisms for the Generation and Sharing of Knowledge and Understanding in Collaborative Action Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reports on a study of physics teachers engaged in collaborative action research. The purpose of the study was to examine and identify ways that teachers' knowledge about teaching and their educational situations grow when they are engaged collaboratively with other teachers in inquiry on their own practice. Individualist and social constructivist perspective were used to design the study and to collect and analyze data. Data sources included interviews of the teachers, classroom observations, transcripts of the collaborative action research meetings, and teachers' writing. The guiding methodology was naturalistic inquiry, and data were analyzed through the development of grounded theory to construct coding categories. A case study was written using the analysis. It was found that three mechanisms were used by the teachers to generate and share knowledge and understanding about their practices. This enhancement of normal practice includes anecdote telling, the trying out of ideas, and systematic inquiry. A second finding was that teachers' knowledge and understanding can grow through authentic being-in-the-world and through enhanced normal practice. The study suggests that if each of the mechanisms of enhanced normal practice is seen to be a legitimate form of research, then action research can be embedded in teachers' practice, and can then play an important role in teacher education and the reform of science education.

Feldman, Allan

2006-12-06

218

Examining Factors Affecting Beginning Teachers' Transfer of Learning of ICT-Enhanced Learning Activities in Their Teaching Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 100 beginning teachers' transfer of learning when utilising Information Communication Technology-enhanced activity-based learning activities. The beginning teachers had participated in a professional development program that was characterised by "learning technology by collaborative design" in their final year of…

Agyei, Douglas D.; Voogt, Joke

2014-01-01

219

Enhancing the Spaces of Reflection: A Buddy Peer-Review Process within Physical Education Initial Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Innovation in enhancing the reflective abilities of physical education trainee teachers was explored in this study through establishing peer "training buddies" during their school placements. Opportunities for active engagement in peer- and self-reflection were provided to full-time Post-Graduate Secondary Physical Education trainee teachers (n =…

Lamb, Penny; Lane, Kathleen; Aldous, David

2013-01-01

220

The Changing Role of the Teacher: A Technology-Enhanced, Student-Centered Lesson on French Fashion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the changing roles played by foreign language teachers in the new multimedia-enhanced, learner-centered classroom. Describes in detail the various parts that make up a technology-rich lesson on French fashion and analyzes the multiple roles that teachers may assume in their efforts to expand the language learning experience and…

Spodark, Edwina

2001-01-01

221

Ensuring Student Access Enhancing Teacher Capabilities Empowering Administrators Strengthening STEM Education How We Get There Expanding the Power  

E-print Network

Empowering Administrators Strengthening STEM Education How We Get There EXPANDING THE POWER OF EDUCATIONEnsuring Student Access Enhancing Teacher Capabilities Empowering Administrators Strengthening STEM Education How We Get There Expanding the Power of Education Through Personalized Learning Advances

Narasayya, Vivek

222

A Technology Enhanced Learning Model for Quality Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technology Enhanced Learning and Teaching (TELT) Model provides learning through collaborations and interactions with a framework for content development and collaborative knowledge sharing system as a supplementary for learning to improve the quality of education system. TELT deals with a unique pedagogy model for Technology Enhanced Learning System which includes course management system, digital library, multimedia enriched contents and video lectures, open content management system and collaboration and knowledge sharing systems. Open sources like Moodle and Wiki for content development, video on demand solution with a low cost mid range system, an exhaustive digital library are provided in a portal system. The paper depicts a case study of e-learning initiatives with TELT model at IIITM-K and how effectively implemented.

Sherly, Elizabeth; Uddin, Md. Meraj

223

Quality Characteristics of a Graduate Teacher Education Program in Graphic Communications: Results from a Delphi Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates characteristics of a quality program in graphic communications teacher education with involvement of professionals in the field. Uses the Delphi technique to achieve consensus on the characteristics that they felt compromised a good educational program for future graphics teachers. (Contains 27 references.) (Author/YDS)

Clark, Aaron C.; Scales, Alice Y.

2000-01-01

224

Quality learning of physics: conceptions held by high school and university teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper reports an exploration of the conceptions of quality learning held by two samples of physics teachers â final year, high school physics teachers and academics teaching first year university physics. We begin by outlining our view of quality learning, that is a view of learning in which learners take control of their own learning and engage with active construction and reconstruction of their own meanings for concepts and phenomena. This view of quality learning recognises the crucial role of the affective dimension of learning on the extent to which students engage with and maintain such constructivist and metacognitive approaches to learning. The study explored the qualitatively different ways in which individuals conceptualise quality learning in physics, using semi structured interviews that explored aspects of learning that the respondents regarded as worth fostering in their classrooms. The interview approach was a modification of the Interview-About-Instances approach that allowed the possibility of interviewees suggesting instances of particular relevance to their view of quality learning. This process resulted in a considerable quantity of rich and complex data related to a large range of aspects of physics learning. These data are summarised here, and the qualitatively different conceptions of the respondents with respect to four significant aspects of physics learning are discussed. These aspects are: doing experimental work; linking physics to the real world; students taking responsibility for their own learning and being confident/feeling proud of what you can do.

Brass, Catherine; Gunstone, Richard; Fensham, Peter

2005-11-03

225

Design and implementation of two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During this summer, I have been part of a four team effort that planned and executed two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes (TEI) for 40 K-8 teachers from this area. The TEI was designed to enhance teachers' background in aeronautics and technology so that they would be better equipped to encourage and to train students in the mathematics, science, and technology fields. The teachers were given a stipend and three graduate credits from Christopher Newport University for their participation in this program. The four ASEE fellows worked together to develop objectives and a schedule of activities for each two-week session based on the program outline given in the grants that were funding this effort. We divided the responsibilities in coordinating and implementing each part of the TEI based on the specific strengths and background of each ASEE fellow. My specific responsibilities were: (1) to develop the course syllabus and generally handle all matters involved with the graduate course; (2) coordinate the follow-up sessions; and (3) design and manage half of the technology sessions that we had scheduled (approximately 30% of the TEI was devoted to technology). Because the first two responsibilities were primarily administrative in nature, I will address only the last. The technology sessions were divided into computer-only and other technologies (e.g., television and digital technology including scanning, digital photography and CD-ROM). I had responsibility for the computer-only technology sessions. The emphasis of these sessions was on use of the Internet specifically to locate and use educational resources. To maximize learning, these sessions were hands-on with two teachers at each computer. Each teacher received instruction in, and actually used, the most popular tools available on the Internet: email (they were given temporary accounts at NASA LaRC), anonymous ftp and archie, gopher and veronica, mosaic, and telnet. Teachers participated in hands-on workshops to learn about these programs, but were also given time during the two-week session to explore on their own and to find resources on the Net that specifically met their needs. In order to ensure that Internet access continues after their return to the classroom, aIl teachers who did not have them also applied for Learning Link accounts (from WHRO, the local public television station) and Virginia Pen accounts (from the Department of Education of Virginia), both of which allow textbased access to Internet. In addition to getting exposure to and practice with Internet tools, teachers were aIso given a hands-on seminar (and also given practice time) on ClarisWorks, an integrated word processing, spreadsheet, database, and paint package. The technology sessions (and TEI as a whole) were enthusiastically received by both new and more experienced teachers as extremely helpful in improving their ability to use technology in developing lesson pIans.

Lambert, Lynn

1994-01-01

226

The Rationale for Consuming Cognitive Enhancement Drugs in University Students and Teachers  

PubMed Central

Cognitive enhancement (CE) is the pharmaceutical augmentation of mental abilities (e.g., learning or memory) without medical necessity. This topic has recently attracted widespread attention in scientific and social circles. However, knowledge regarding the mechanisms that underlie the decision to use CE medication is limited. To analyze these decisions, we used data from two online surveys of randomly sampled university teachers (N?=?1,406) and students (N?=?3,486). Each respondent evaluated one randomly selected vignette with regard to a hypothetical CE drug. We experimentally varied the characteristics of the drugs among vignettes and distributed them among respondents. In addition, the respondent’s internalization of social norms with respect to CE drug use was measured. Our results revealed that students were more willing to enhance cognitive performance via drugs than university teachers, although the overall willingness was low. The probability of side effects and their strength reduced the willingness to use CE drugs among students and university teachers, whereas higher likelihoods and magnitudes of CE increased this propensity. In addition, the internalized norm against CE drug use influenced decision making: Higher internalization decreased the willingness to use such medications. Students’ internalized norms more strongly affected CE abstinence compared with those of university teachers. Furthermore, internalized norms negatively interacted with the instrumental incentives for taking CE medication. This internalization limited the influence of and deliberation on instrumental incentives. This study is the first to provide empirical evidence regarding the importance of social norms and their influence on rational decision making with regard to CE. We identified previously undiscovered decision-making patterns concerning CE. Thus, this study provides insight into the motivators and inhibitors of CE drug use. These findings have implications for contending with CE behavior by highlighting the magnitude of potential side effects and by informing the debate regarding the ethics of CE use. PMID:23874778

Sattler, Sebastian; Sauer, Carsten; Mehlkop, Guido; Graeff, Peter

2013-01-01

227

Relationships of important elements of the student teaching experience and methods of student teaching placement to the quality of experience of student teachers  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to determine important elements and placement practices of student teaching as perceived by teacher educators and how well each student teacher perceived his/her quality of experience based on these criteria. Data were...

Morrish, Douglas Glenn

2004-09-30

228

An integrative view of school functioning: transactions between self-regulation, school engagement, and teacher-child relationship quality.  

PubMed

This study investigates the dynamic interplay between teacher-child relationship quality and children's behaviors across kindergarten and first grade to predict academic competence in first grade. Using a sample of 338 ethnically diverse 5-year-old children, nested path analytic models were conducted to examine bidirectional pathways between children's behaviors and teacher-child relationship quality. Low self-regulation in kindergarten fall, as indexed by inattention and impulsive behaviors, predicted more conflict with teachers in kindergarten spring and this effect persisted into first grade. Conflict and low self-regulation jointly predicted decreases in school engagement which in turn predicted first-grade academic competence. Findings illustrate the importance of considering transactions between self-regulation, teacher-child relationship quality, and school engagement in predicting academic competence. PMID:24916608

Portilla, Ximena A; Ballard, Parissa J; Adler, Nancy E; Boyce, W Thomas; Obradovi?, Jelena

2014-09-01

229

Coaching to enhance quality of implementation in prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the topics covered by coaches assisting teachers implementing a research-based drug prevention program and explore how coaching affects student outcomes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The All Stars drug prevention curriculum is implemented by 16 urban teachers who received four coaching sessions. Two coaches participated. Coaches are interviewed by investigators to assess topics

Linda Dusenbury; William B. Hansen; Julia Jackson-Newsom; Donna S. Pittman; Cicely V. Wilson; Kathleen Nelson-Simley; Chris Ringwalt; Melinda Pankratz; Steven M. Giles

2010-01-01

230

Using Web-Based Cases to Enhance, Extend, and Transform Pre-Service Teacher Training: Two Years in Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was part of a two-year review regarding the use of Web-based case conferencing to enhance, extend, and transform the learning of preservice teachers in an introductory educational psychology course. First, Web conferencing enhanced the learning opportunities within educational psychology by providing an electronically shared space for…

Bonk, Curtis J.; Daytner, Katrina; Daytner, Gary; Dennen, Vanessa; Malikowski, Steve

2002-01-01

231

Earth2Class: Teacher's Page (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides selected resources that may be of value to teachers in designing curriculum and enhancing professional skills. There are Powerpoint, lesson plans, and other resources that have been created by Dr. Passow as well as by Lamont-Doherty scientists in connection with Earth to Class (E2C) Workshops, lesson plans created for the E2C Summer Curriculum Development Workshops, lesson plans on a variety of themes created and provided by E2C participants, and selected articles and other mentoring programs offered by Dr. Passow.

Passow, Michael; Iturrino, Geraldo

232

Sustaining High Quality Teaching and Evidence-based Curricula: Follow-up Assessment of Teachers in the REDI Project  

PubMed Central

Recent research has validated the power of evidence-based preschool interventions to improve teaching quality and promote child school readiness when implemented in the context of research trials. However, very rarely are follow-up assessments conducted with teachers in order to evaluate the maintenance of improved teaching quality or sustained use of evidence-based curriculum components after the intervention trial. In the current study, we collected follow-up assessments of teachers one year after their involvement in the REDI research trial to evaluate the extent to which intervention teachers continued to implement the REDI curriculum components with high-quality, and to explore possible pre-intervention predictors of sustained implementation. In addition, we conducted classroom observations to determine whether general improvements in the teaching quality of intervention teachers (relative to control group teachers) were sustained. Results indicated sustained high-quality implementation of some curriculum components (the PATHS curriculum), but decreased implementation of other components (the language-literacy components). Sustained intervention effects were evident on most aspects of general teaching quality targeted by the intervention. Implications for practice and policy are discussed. PMID:24204101

Bierman, Karen L; DeRousie, Rebecca M. Sanford; Heinrichs, Brenda; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Greenberg, Mark T.; Gill, Sukhdeep

2013-01-01

233

Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience, professional qualification and teacher academic qualification). It also sought to determine the extent to which each of these four selected variables individually and jointly affected the teachers' report of their instructional assessment practices. A sample of 55 science teachers from nine secondary schools in Barbados was randomly selected to participate in this study. Data was collected by means of a survey and was analyzed using the means and standard deviations of the instructional assessment practices scores and linear, multiple and binary logistic regression. The results of the study were such that the majority of the sample reported good overall instructional assessment practices while only a few participants reported moderate assessment practices. The instructional assessment practices in the area of student knowledge were mostly moderate as indicated by the sample. There were no statistically significant differences between or among the mean scores of the teachers' reported instructional assessment practices based on sex ( t = 0.10; df = 53; p = 0.992), teaching experience ( F[4,50] = 1.766; p = 0.150), the level of professional qualification (F[3,45] = 0.2117; p = 0.111) or the level of academic qualification (F[2,52] = 0.504; p = 0.607). The independent variables (teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification or teacher academic qualification) were not significant predictors of the instructional assessment practices scores. However, teacher sex was a significant predictor of the teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices. The study also found that the joint effect of the variables teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification and teacher academic qualification was not significant in predicting the instructional assessment practices scores of the science teachers. However, the joint effect of these variables was statistically significant ( X 2 = 18.482; df = 10; p = 0.047) in predicting the teachers' reported use of good instructional assessment practices. The best predictor of teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices, though not statistically significant, was the diploma in education professional qualification.

Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

2013-02-01

234

Supporting the technology?enhanced collaborative inquiry and design project: a teacher’s reflections on practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we argue that a teacher has a crucial role in leading students into collaborative inquiry?learning practices. While many studies have given the impression that students are able to engage in inquiry processes on their own, the role of social practices and teacher guidance often remains unexplained. However, even when the pedagogical setting is organized toward collaboration and

Marjut Viilo; Kai Hakkarainen

2011-01-01

235

Enhancing Teachers' ICT Capacity for the 21st Century Learning Environment: Three Cases of Teacher Education in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Korean teachers are generally considered well trained to integrate ICT into their teaching since the inception of the first IT Master Plan of Korea in 1996. However, the emergence and adoption of cutting-edge technologies create demands for evolving roles and competencies of teachers in the new knowledge society. Given this changing landscape of…

Kim, Hyeonjin; Choi, Hyungshin; Han, Jeonghye; So, Hyo-Jeong

2012-01-01

236

Enhancing the Practicum Experience for Pre-Service Chemistry Teachers through Collaborative CoRe Design with Mentor Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports findings from an ongoing study exploring how the Content Representation (CoRe) design can be used as a tool to help chemistry student teachers begin acquiring the professional knowledge required to become expert chemistry teachers. Phase 2 of the study, reported in this paper, investigated how collaboration with school-based…

Hume, Anne; Berry, Amanda

2013-01-01

237

Structural antecedents and psychological correlates of teacher empowerment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empowered teachers participate in critical decisions that directly affect teaching and learning. Empowering work environments may enhance professionalism, facilitate teacher leadership, improve the quality of work life, and enable effective implementation of school reform. Process-based views of empowerment suggest associations between school organizational structures and teacher empowerment, while psychological perspectives on empowerment suggest potential relationships between the phenomenon and cognitive

Jay R. Dee; Alan B. Henkin; Lee Duemer

2003-01-01

238

Voices of Teachers in Academic and Vocational Secondary Schools in Egypt: Perceived Consequences of Educational Reform for Quality and Equality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers as “key actors” in the educational processes may promote, modify, or challenge educational reforms drawing upon their\\u000a own meanings and perceptions of the reforms. This chapter examines teachers’ perceptions of a 1997 secondary education reform\\u000a in Egypt, which was implemented during its first phase (1999- 2006) as the Secondary Education Enhancement Project. The reform\\u000a was planned to convert hundreds

Nagwa M. Megahed

239

Thermosonication as a potential quality enhancement technique of apple juice.  

PubMed

Enzymatic browning and microbial growth lead to quality losses in apple products. In the present study, fresh apple juice was thermosonicated using ultrasound in-bath (25 kHz, 30 min, 0.06 W cm(-3)) and ultrasound with-probe sonicator (20 kHz, 5 and 10 min, 0.30 W cm(-3)) at 20, 40 and 60°C for inactivation of enzymes (polyphenolase, peroxidase and pectinmethylesterase) and microflora (total plate count, yeast and mold). Additionally, ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids, flavonols, pH, titratable acidity, (°)Brix and color values influenced by thermosonication were investigated. The highest inactivation of enzymes was obtained in ultrasound with-probe at 60°C for 10 min, and the microbial population was completely inactivated at 60°C. The retention of ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids and flavonols were significantly higher in ultrasound with-probe than ultrasound in-bath at 60°C. These results indicated the usefulness of thermosonication for apple juice processing at low temperature, for enhanced inactivation of enzymes and microorganisms. PMID:24373787

Abid, Muhammad; Jabbar, Saqib; Hu, Bing; Hashim, Malik Muhammad; Wu, Tao; Lei, Shicheng; Khan, Muhammad Ammar; Zeng, Xiaoxiong

2014-05-01

240

Alfacalcidol enhances collagen quality in ovariectomized rat bones.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of alfacalcidol (1?(OH)D3 : ALF) on bone collagen employing an ovariectomized rat model. Thirty-five 16-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: SHAM (sham-operated?+?vehicle), OVX (ovariectomy?+?vehicle), and three ALF-treated groups, that is, ovariectomy?+?0.022?µg/kg/day ALF, ovariectomy?+?0.067?µg/kg/day ALF, and ovariectomy?+?0.2?µg/kg/day ALF. After 12 weeks of treatment, tibiae were subjected to histological, biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses. Collagen matrices in OVX bone appeared as immature and poorly organized; however, with the ALF treatment, it was improved in a dose-dependent manner. Contents of collagen and pyridinoline cross-link were decreased in OVX compared with SHAM, but they increased to the level comparable to SHAM in ALF-treated groups. The total aldehyde, that is, a sum of free and those involved cross-links, in the highest dose of ALF was significantly higher than the rest of the groups (p?enhances the maturation of collagen in ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic bones, which likely contributes to the improvement of bone quality. PMID:24809324

Nagaoka, Hideaki; Terajima, Masahiko; Yamada, Shizuka; Azuma, Yoshiaki; Chida, Takayuki; Yamauchi, Mitsuo

2014-08-01

241

Increasing self-efficacy and quality lesson planning using Lesson-Study with elementary preservice teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This qualitative, quasi-experimental study examined if lesson-study could be a successful approach in improving lesson plan quality and increasing self-efficacy levels toward teaching science at the preservice elementary teacher level in North Mississippi. Lesson-Study can be defined as a cycle of instructional improvement in which small groups work together to design and teach a lesson, revising again as needed over the course of a semester. This study described the experiences of two sections of preservice teachers enrolled in a science methods course as they engaged in lesson-study at a comprehensive university in Northeast Mississippi. One section of the class served as the control group while the other section, as the treatment group, received lesson-study over the course of the semester. Data was gathered in the form of interviews, observations, and a self-efficacy survey (STEBI-B). Lesson plans were also graded using a rubric to determine quality level. Findings indicated that, while not statistically significant, the treatment groups scores on the self-efficacy instrument increased more on average than the control groups' scores. There were also positive comments about the lesson study process from the teacher candidates in the treatment group as well as positive behaviors recorded by the researcher. Additionally, according to the external evaluators who graded the final drafts of the lessons, the treatment group had greater gains than the control class on average. These conclusions suggested the lesson study process implemented during the preservice teaching level can be beneficial.

Mitchell, Elizabeth Ann

242

The influences of LuxX in Escherichia coli biofilm formation and improving teacher quality through the Bio-Bus Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objectives of this work are: (1) to agarose-stabilize fragile biofilms for quantitative structure analysis; (2) to understand the influences of LuxS on biofilm formation; (3) to improve teacher quality by preparing Georgia's middle school science teachers to integrate inquiry-based, hands-on research modules in the classroom. Quantitative digital image analysis demonstrated the effectiveness of the agarose stabilization technique for generating reproducible measurements of three dimensional biofilm structure. The described method will also benefit researchers who transport their flow cell-cultivated biofilms to a core facility for imaging. AI-2-dependent and independent effects of LuxS on biofilm-related phenotypes were revealed, suggesting that LuxS is a versatile enzyme, possessing multiple functions in E. coli ecology that could assist E. coli in adapting to diverse conditions. Overall, the work presented in this dissertation supported the concept that QS, biofilm formation, and cell adhesion are largely related. Additionally, through this project, teachers enhanced content knowledge and confidence levels, mastered innovative teaching strategies and integrated inquiry-based, inter-disciplinary, hands-on activities in the classroom. As a result, student learning was enhanced, and Georgia's students are better equipped to become tomorrow's leaders. INDEX WORDS: Biofilm, Escherichia coli, Quorum sensing, LuxS, Autoinducer-2, Microbial ecology

Robbins, Chandan Morris

243

Anticipating Innovation in Teacher Evaluation Systems: Lessons for Researchers and Policymakers. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing prominence of value-added models for measuring teacher effectiveness has prompted a recent surge in policies that consider students' classroom performance part of a teacher's evaluation. Yet, in light of the criticism and limitations of the current models, whether and how evaluation systems will adapt over time is unclear. This paper…

Hansen, Michael

2013-01-01

244

Associations between Child and Teacher Characteristics and Quality of Teacher-Child Relationships: The Case of Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to investigate variations in teacher-child relationships in childcare classrooms in Budapest, Hungary (N = 172 children in 43 classrooms), and to examine whether variations were associated with child and/or teacher characteristics. In addition, cultural variation was examined with reference to an American…

Koles, Bernadett; O'Connor, Erin E.; Collins, Brian A.

2013-01-01

245

Teacher Pay and Teacher Aptitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can changes in teacher pay encourage more able individuals to enter the teaching profession? So far, studies of the impact of pay on the aptitude distribution of teachers have provided mixed evidence on the extent to which altering teacher salaries represents a feasible solution to the teacher quality problem. One possible reason is that these…

Leigh, Andrew

2012-01-01

246

Technology-Enhanced Project-Based Learning in Teacher Education: Addressing the Goals of Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher educators have a twofold concern regarding transfer because of the dual goals inherent in teacher education. Certainly a primary goal is to have teacher candidates transfer what they learn in teacher preparation courses to their future classrooms and professional lives, but an equally important secondary goal is to enable candidates to facilitate their students' transfer of what they learn

Judith Howard

2002-01-01

247

Technology-Enhanced Project-Based Learning in Teacher Education: Addressing the Goals of Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher educators have a twofold concern regarding transfer because of the dual goals inherent in teacher education. Certainly a primary goal is to have teacher candidates transfer what they learn in teacher preparation courses to their future classrooms and professional lives, but an equally important secondary goal is to enable candidates to…

Howard, Judith

2002-01-01

248

Enhancing the Development of Pre-Service Teacher Professional Identity via an Online Classroom Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a professional identity plays an important part in pre-service teacher education. However, very little is explicitly taught about how one can develop a teacher professional identity via pre-service teacher education (Allen, 2005:1). Rather, as a pre service teacher progresses through their degree, they are expected to develop…

Carrington, Lisa; Kervin, Lisa; Ferry, Brian

2011-01-01

249

Shaping the Profession That Shapes the Future. Speeches from the AFT/NEA Conference on Teacher Quality (Washington, D.C., September 25-27, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents papers given at a 1998 joint meeting of the American Federation of Teachers and National Education Association which focused on teacher quality. One common thread of this conference was criticism of the growing practice of granting emergency certification to unprepared or underprepared teachers. The papers address how to…

American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC.

250

Summary of strategies for planning Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Summary of NASA Strategies for Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement respond to NASA's eighth top goal: Establish NASA as a leader in the development and application of advanced technology and management practices which contribute to significant increases in both Agency and national productivity. The Strategies provide the framework for development of the agency-wide Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE) Plans.

1986-01-01

251

The Impact of a National Policy to Enhance Teaching Quality and Status, England, the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teaching Quality Enhancement Fund was established by the Higher Education Funding Council for England, UK, with the declared aims of enhancing the quality of teaching and learning and raising the status of teaching among higher education institutions. This paper considers the three strands of the initiative--subject, institutional, and…

Gosling, David

2004-01-01

252

Service Quality in Higher Education Using an Enhanced SERVQUAL Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Customer service and quality are driving forces in the business community. As higher educational institutions tussle for competitive advantage and high service quality, the evaluation of educational service quality is essential to provide motivation for and to give feedback on the effectiveness of educational plans and implementation. This…

Tan, Kay C.; Kek, Sei W.

2004-01-01

253

Impact on quality of life in teachers after educational actions for prevention of voice disorders: a longitudinal study  

PubMed Central

Background Voice problems are more common in teachers due to intensive voice use during routine at work. There is evidence that occupational disphonia prevention programs are important in improving the quality voice and consequently the quality of subjects’ lives. Aim To investigate the impact of educational voice interventions for teachers on quality of life and voice. Methods A longitudinal interventional study involving 70 teachers randomly selected from 11 public schools, 30 to receive educational intervention with vocal training exercises and vocal hygiene habits (experimental group) and 40 to receive guidance on vocal hygiene habits (control group control). Before the process of educational activities, the Voice-Related Quality of Life instrument (V-RQOL) was applied, and 3 months after conclusion of the activities, the subjects were interviewed again, using the same instrument. For data analysis, Prox MIXED were applied, with a level of significance ??Teachers showed significantly higher domain and overall V-RQOL scores after preventive intervention, in both control and experimental groups. Nevertheless, there was no statistical difference in scores between the groups. Conclusion Educational actions for vocal health had a positive impact on the quality of life of the participants, and the incorporation of permanent educational actions at institutional level is suggested. PMID:23445566

2013-01-01

254

Using Theoretical Models to Examine the Acceptance Behavior of Mobile Phone Messaging to Enhance Parent-Teacher Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student academic performance and social competence are influenced positively by parent involvement; effective parent-teacher communication not builds parent reliance on a school, it enhances parent knowledge of raising children. As information technology develops rapidly, it is already a trend that e-communication is replacing traditional paper…

Ho, Li-Hsing; Hung, Chang-Liang; Chen, Hui-Chun

2013-01-01

255

Mathematics in the Middle: Enhancing Teachers' Understanding of the Interplay Between "School Math" and Professional Uses of Mathematics  

E-print Network

Mathematics in the Middle: Enhancing Teachers' Understanding of the Interplay Between "School Math" and Professional Uses of Mathematics Barbara Garii, Assistant Professor of Curriculum and Instruction (garii-Oswego Abstract As American society becomes more technologically reliant, applications of mathematics are less

Spagnolo, Filippo

256

Enhancing Eighth Grade Students' Learning of Buoyancy: The Interaction of Teachers' Instructional Approach and Students' Learning Preference Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the potential of enhancing students' learning of difficult science concepts by exploring the interaction between teachers' four different instructional approaches and students' four different learning preference styles. Students' immediate performance and their retention for learning of buoyancy concepts serve to examine…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2005-01-01

257

Reflections on Enhancing Pre-Service Teacher Education Programmes to Support Inclusion: Perspectives from New Zealand and Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive changes to pre-service teacher education programmes (PSTEPs), driven in part by changing worldwide policy frameworks around inclusion, are occurring, albeit slowly. After briefly reviewing international trends and key policy and legislation platforms in New Zealand and Australia, this paper explores some of the challenges in enhancing

Arthur-Kelly, Michael; Sutherland, Dean; Lyons, Gordon; Macfarlane, Sonja; Foreman, Phil

2013-01-01

258

Quality of Internet Use by Teachers in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study took place in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to examine teachers' use of the Internet, identify obstacles teachers face in using the Internet, and identify parties that support them to use the Internet in their classrooms. Data were collected from 443 elementary and secondary teachers throughout the country using the Teacher Internet…

Alghazo, Iman M.

2006-01-01

259

Improving Iris Recognition Performance Using Segmentation, Quality Enhancement, Match Score Fusion, and Indexing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes algorithms for iris segmentation, quality enhancement, match score fusion, and indexing to improve both the accuracy and the speed of iris recognition. A curve evolution approach is proposed to effectively segment a nonideal iris image using the modified Mumford-Shah functional. Different enhancement algorithms are concurrently applied on the segmented iris image to produce multiple enhanced versions of

Mayank Vatsa; Richa Singh; Afzel Noore

2008-01-01

260

The Influence of Vocal Qualities and Confirmation of Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers on Student Receiver Apprehension, Affective Learning, and Cognitive Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of teacher vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors on student learning. Students (N = 197) enrolled in nonnative English-speaking teachers' classes completed a battery of instruments. Results indicated that both vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors were negatively related to receiver apprehension,…

Hsu, Chia-Fang

2012-01-01

261

When Is a School Environment Perceived as Supportive by Beginning Mathematics Teachers? Effects of Leadership, Trust, Autonomy and Appraisal on Teaching Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the hypothesis that the more support beginning mathematics teachers perceive and the better they evaluate the management of their school, the higher their teaching quality is. Indicators of teaching quality were how the teachers, who were in their third year in the profession, regarded themselves able to cope with the…

Blömeke, Sigrid; Klein, Patricia

2013-01-01

262

Inspiring Instructional Change in Elementary School Science: The Relationship Between Enhanced Self-efficacy and Teacher Practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This longitudinal study examined the extent to which teachers' participation in a 3-year professional development program enhanced their self-efficacy and prompted changes in science instruction in the early elementary grades. The study used a mixed-methods design, and included 39 teachers who taught in kindergarten, first grade, or second grade classrooms in rural school districts. Data sources, administered pre-program and at the end of each year, included a self-efficacy assessment and teacher survey. Interviews and classroom observations provided corroborating data about teachers' beliefs and science instruction. Results showed significant increases in teachers' overall self-efficacy in teaching science, personal efficacy, and outcome expectancy efficacy during the 3 years. Gains in self-efficacy were correlated with changes in reported instructional practices, particularly student participation activities. However, changes in self-efficacy tended not to be correlated with changes in instructional time. Contextual factors beyond teachers' direct control, such as curricular and testing requirements in mathematics and language arts influenced time allotted to science instruction.

Sandholtz, Judith Haymore; Ringstaff, Cathy

2014-10-01

263

Navigating the Turbulent Seas of Education Reform for English Language Learners: How Leadership Affects Teacher Quality and Educational Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this case study was to provide insight into the challenges educational leaders face in their efforts to improve teaching and learning for English language learners within a context of increased testing and accountability. I examine the assumptions underpinning leadership practices to understand how teacher quality and student…

da Silva, Catarina Alexandra

2010-01-01

264

Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) Program--Current Projects and the New RFP. Commission Report 07-14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses professional development projects that are currently funded by the Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) State Grants Program, including representative projects that will be presented to the Commission at the June meeting. In addition, the ITQ program has recently released a Request for Proposals (RFP) for grants that serve early…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2007

2007-01-01

265

Relations of Children's Effortful Control and Teacher–Child Relationship Quality to School Attitudes in a Low-Income Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of children's effortful control and quality of relationships with teachers to school attitudes longitudinally in an ethnically diverse and economically disadvantaged sample. Data were collected as part of a larger intervention project during mid-fall, winter, and late spring (ns = 823, 722, and 758, respectively) for 2 cohorts of 3-

Kassondra M. Silva; Tracy L. Spinrad; Nancy Eisenberg; Michael J. Sulik; Carlos Valiente; Snjezana Huerta; Alison Edwards; Natalie D. Eggum; Anne S. Kupfer; Christopher J. Lonigan; Beth M. Phillips; Shauna B. Wilson; Jeanine Clancy-Menchetti; Susan H. Landry; Paul R. Swank; Michael A. Assel; Heather B. Taylor

2011-01-01

266

Relations of Children's Effortful Control and Teacher-Child Relationship Quality to School Attitudes in a Low-Income Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of children's effortful control and quality of relationships with teachers to school attitudes longitudinally in an ethnically diverse and economically disadvantaged sample. Data were collected as part of a larger intervention project during mid-fall, winter, and late spring…

Silva, Kassondra M.; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Sulik, Michael J.; Valiente, Carlos; Huerta, Snjezana; Edwards, Alison; Eggum, Natalie D.; Kupfer, Anne S.; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Phillips, Beth M.; Wilson, Shauna B.; Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine; Landry, Susan H.; Swank, Paul R.; Assel, Michael A.; Taylor, Heather B.

2011-01-01

267

The Quality of Local District Assessments Used in Nebraska's School-Based Teacher-Led Assessment and Reporting System (STARS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 293 local district assessments used in the Nebraska STARS (School-based Teacher-led Assessment and Reporting System), 147 from 2004 district mathematics assessment portfolios and 146 from 2003 reading assessment portfolios, was scored with a rubric evaluating their quality. Scorers were Nebraska educators with background and training in assessment. Raters reached an agreement criterion during a training session; however,

Susan M. Brookhart

2005-01-01

268

An Integrative View of School Functioning: Transactions between Self-Regulation, School Engagement, and Teacher-Child Relationship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the dynamic interplay between teacher-child relationship quality and children's behaviors across kindergarten and first grade to predict academic competence in first grade. Using a sample of 338 ethnically diverse 5-year-old children, nested path analytic models were conducted to examine bidirectional pathways between…

Portilla, Ximena A.; Ballard, Parissa J.; Adler, Nancy E.; Boyce, W. Thomas; Obradovic, Jelena

2014-01-01

269

How Do District Management and Implementation Strategies Relate to the Quality of the Professional Development That Districts Provide to Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined policy mechanisms and processes that districts used to provide high quality inservice professional development to teachers. Data from a national probability sample of professional development coordinators in districts that received federal funding for professional development highlighted specific management and implementation strategies…

Desimone, Laura; Porter, Andrew C.; Birman, Beatrice F.; Garet, Michael S.; Yoon, Kwang Suk

2002-01-01

270

Classroom Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of Barriers to Teaching Physical Education on the Quality of Physical Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major aim of the current study was to determine what classroom teachers perceived to be the greatest barriers affecting their capacity to deliver successful physical education (PE) programs. An additional aim was to examine the impact of these barriers on the type and quality of PE programs delivered. This study applied a mixed-mode design…

Morgan, Philip J.; Hansen, Vibeke

2008-01-01

271

Kentucky's Teacher Quality Measures and Fourth-Grade Reading Achievement: A Secondary Analysis of the 2002-2007 NAEP Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of Kentucky's 4th-grade NAEP reading scores was designed to: (1) describe progress from 2002-2007; (2) examine score gaps by gender, race, eligibility for free/reduced lunch, and 75th/25th percentile 2002-2007, (3) explore relationships between teacher-quality and 2005/ 2007 scores. The study, begun at 2007 NAEP data training, was…

Klecker, Beverly M.

2008-01-01

272

Placements: An Underused Vehicle for Quality Enhancement in Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Placements have the potential to contribute more effectively to the quality of higher education. The aim of this article is to discuss how placements can be made more worthwhile for individual students, while also contributing to the overall quality of teaching and learning at HEIs as well as to the development of workplace cultures that are…

Kettis, Asa; Ring, Lena; Gustavsson, Maria; Wallman, Andy

2013-01-01

273

Concentrated biogas slurry enhanced soil fertility and tomato quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biogas slurry is a cheap source of plant nutrients and can offer extra benefits to soil fertility and fruit quality. However, its current utilization mode and low content of active ingredients limit its further development. In this paper, a one-growing-season field study was conducted to assess the effects of concentrated biogas slurry on soil property, tomato fruit quality, and composition

Fang-Bo Yu; Xi-Ping Luo; Cheng-Fang Song; Miao-Xian Zhang; Sheng-Dao Shan

2010-01-01

274

The Empty Nest Syndrome: Ways to Enhance Quality of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empty nest syndrome occurs as a result of urbanization and loosened relationships among family members. It may threaten the life quality of older adults and stability of society as a whole. This survey was designed to investigate the situation and factors that influence the life quality of a sample of older adults in a western state. Thirty-five…

Chen, Dianbing; Yang, Xinxiao; Aagard, Steve Dale

2012-01-01

275

Iranian and U.S. Pre-Service Teachers' Philosophical Approaches to Teaching: Enhancing Intercultural Understandings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated philosophical approaches to teaching held by pre-service teachers in Iran and the US. The study's participants were 30 pre-service teachers from Iran, a predominantly Muslim country, and 30 American pre-service teachers. Data were collected using the 105-item Philosophy of Education Scale (POES, Author A, 2003) composed of…

Pryor, Caroline R.; Eslami-Rasekh, Zohreh

2004-01-01

276

Using Virtual Technology to Enhance Field Experiences for Pre-Service Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher educators of pre-service teachers of students with special needs face challenges in providing the unique knowledge and skills required of highly qualified special education teachers. The emerging use of various forms of virtual technology, however, offers realistic solutions to these problems. This systematic review of literature examines…

Billingsley, Glenna M.; Scheuermann, Brenda K.

2014-01-01

277

Pre-Service Teachers Use E-learning Technologies to Enhance Their Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was twofold. The primary purpose was to improve pre-service teacher education by using technology to help pre-service teachers bridge the gap between academic preparation and practice. The secondary, but still important, objective was to familiarize pre-service teachers in the use of technology to support their future…

Smith, Judith J.; Greene, H. Carol

2013-01-01

278

Global Energy and Environmental Solutions - The National Enhancement Teacher Program at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global Energy and Environmental Solutions is a three year middle school teacher institute consisting of 34 New Jersey public school science teachers. The teachers have committed to spending three consecutive summers in a three week workshop at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory as well as four follow-up sessions during the school year. The goals of the institute are as follows:

D. L. Carroll; R. D. Holt; P. Lucas; C. Ritter; A. P. Post-Zwicker; V. Finley; T. McGeachen; R. Hyde-Deruyscher; J. Drawbridge; W. Raymond

1996-01-01

279

LSU Virtual Museum: Technology-Enhanced Geoscience Teacher Workshops for Louisiana K-8 Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Virtual Museum, a Louisiana Board of Regents sponsored SELECT program, is a collaborative project between the Museum of Natural Science and the French Education Project at Louisiana State University. It offers Louisiana science teachers, in-training teachers, and immersion teachers a professional development program via six videoconferences. These videoconferences are broadcast from LSU to six distance-learning sites across the entire

S. Warny; D. Egea-Kuehne; R. Tedford; A. Lopez

2007-01-01

280

Enhancement of Pre-Service Teachers' Teaching Interventions with the Aid of Historical Examples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the attempt to include a historical perspective in a pre-service teacher education course. It is based on the design research approach and the main aim is the development of a product, a module for student-teachers' actual involvement in the historic teaching design process. Student-teachers were presented and familiarized…

Spiliotopoulou-Papantoniou, Vasiliki; Agelopoulos, Konstantinos

2009-01-01

281

78 FR 16474 - Extension of the Period for Comments on the Enhancement of Quality of Software-Related Patents  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comments on the Enhancement of Quality of Software-Related Patents AGENCY: United States...announcing the formation of a partnership with the software community to enhance the quality of software-related patents (Software...

2013-03-15

282

The Role of Teacher Quality in Retention and Hiring: Using Applications to Transfer to Uncover Preferences of Teachers and Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many large urban school districts are rethinking their personnel management strategies, often giving increased control to schools in the hiring of teachers, reducing, for example, the importance of seniority. If school hiring authorities are able to make good decisions about whom to hire, these reforms have the potential to benefit schools and…

Boyd, Don; Lankford, Hamp; Loeb, Susanna; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Wyckoff, Jim

2011-01-01

283

Teacher Quality: Beyond No Child Left Behind. A Response to Kaplan and Owings (2002)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because there is no overall teacher shortage, but rather specific subject area shortages and an adverse selection and allocation problem, the No Child Left Behind Act's requirement that all teachers be \\

Andrew J. Rotherham; Sara Mead

2003-01-01

284

Enhancing early child care quality and learning for toddlers at risk: the responsive early childhood program.  

PubMed

Despite reports of positive effects of high-quality child care, few experimental studies have examined the process of improving low-quality center-based care for toddler-age children. In this article, we report intervention effects on child care teachers' behaviors and children's social, emotional, behavioral, early literacy, language, and math outcomes as well as the teacher-child relationship. The intervention targeted the use of a set of responsive teacher practices, derived from attachment and sociocultural theories, and a comprehensive curriculum. Sixty-five childcare classrooms serving low-income 2- and 3-year-old children were randomized into 3 conditions: business-as-usual control, Responsive Early Childhood Curriculum (RECC), and RECC plus explicit social-emotional classroom activities (RECC+). Classroom observations showed greater gains for RECC and RECC+ teachers' responsive practices including helping children manage their behavior, establishing a predictable schedule, and use of cognitively stimulating activities (e.g., shared book reading) compared with controls; however, teacher behaviors did not differ for focal areas such as sensitivity and positive discipline supports. Child assessments demonstrated that children in the interventions outperformed controls in areas of social and emotional development, although children's performance in control and intervention groups was similar for cognitive skills (language, literacy, and math). Results support the positive impact of responsive teachers and environments providing appropriate support for toddlers' social and emotional development. Possible explanations for the absence of systematic differences in children's cognitive skills are considered, including implications for practice and future research targeting low-income toddlers. PMID:23772822

Landry, Susan H; Zucker, Tricia A; Taylor, Heather B; Swank, Paul R; Williams, Jeffrey M; Assel, Michael; Crawford, April; Huang, Weihua; Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine; Lonigan, Christopher J; Phillips, Beth M; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L; de Villiers, Jill; de Villiers, Peter; Barnes, Marcia; Starkey, Prentice; Klein, Alice

2014-02-01

285

Enriching the Professional Learning of Early Years Teachers in Disadvantaged Contexts: The Impact of Quality Resources and Quality Professional Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies indicate that very few teachers entering disadvantaged contexts feel prepared academically or professionally to teach effectively. This study focuses on the impact of a model for professional learning, the RoleM Professional Learning model (RPL), situated in a disadvantaged context over a three-year period. The participating teachers (n =…

Warren, Elizabeth A.; Miller, Jodie

2013-01-01

286

Data quality enhancement in oil reservoir operations : an application of IPMAP  

E-print Network

This thesis presents a study of data quality enhancement opportunities in upstream oil and gas industry. Information Product MAP (IPMAP) methodology is used in reservoir pressure and reservoir simulation data, to propose ...

Lin, Paul Hong-Yi

2012-01-01

287

Promoting Quality Teacher Education for an Interconnected World. International Yearbook on Teacher Education 1997. [Proceedings] from the World Assembly of The International Council on Education for Teaching (44th, Muscot, Sultanate of Oman, December, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings provides teachers with a review of current research and innovative programs and practices viewed from an international perspective and offers to improve the quality of teacher education worldwide. The World Assembly theme was supported by plenary sessions and research-based paper presentations focusing on four topics: (1)…

International Council on Education for Teaching, Arlington, VA.

288

Closing the Gap Between Attitudes and Perceptions About ICT-Enhanced Learning Among Pre-service STEM Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this study was to examine pre-service STEM teachers' attitudes and perceptions about the effectiveness of various learning methods and, in specific, the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) as means for enhancing progressive education. The study was conducted among two cohorts of pre-service STEM teachers (N = 103) in the years 2006 and 2012. The mixed method approach was used to compile data from two research tools: an attitudes questionnaire and reflective drawings. The findings of the first cohort indicated a conflict between the participants' declared attitudes and their perceptions, suggesting a gap between their inclination to coincide with educational trends, and their actual views about the use of ICTs in the classrooms. The first cohort's drawings illustrated ICTs as distractive technologies, ineffective tools for teaching and learning, impairing teachers' authority, and distancing teachers and students from each other. Findings of the second cohort indicated that the gap between attitudes and perceptions was narrowed in such a way that preservice STEM teachers did not see ICTs as threatening, but they perceived them as instrumental for leveraging progressive education.

Barak, Miri

2013-03-01

289

Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles on improving preservice teacher education, with particular considerations on proposed five-year programs, are featured in this theme issue. In "Fifth Year Teacher Preparation: A Solution in Search Of a Problem," Alan R. Tom weighs the pros and cons of extending teacher preparation for a fifth year, noting the fact that high-quality

Brown, Peggy Ann, Ed.

1984-01-01

290

Work in Progress: Universidad de las Américas, Puebla Quality Enhancement Plan: Enhancing Critical Thinking Skills in Our Undergraduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universidad de las Americas, Puebla (UDLA) is a Mexican private institution. Since 1959, the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) has accredited UDLA in the US. SACS requires every institution to develop an acceptable Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP) regarding student learning, and show that is part of an ongoing planning and evaluation process. UDLA

Enrique Palou

2006-01-01

291

Enhancing Quality of Experience in Wireless Heterogeneous Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless Heterogeneous Networks are envisioned as evolved wireless network infrastructure that provides continuous service regardless of the underlying technology. The Quality of Experience (QoE) level perceived by users for their applications in such networks can be maintained only by making the roaming between the component networks in seamless fashion. This can be achieved by providing mechanisms that will serve the

Ognen Ognenoski; Valentin Rakovic; Filipo Sarevski; Daniel Denkovski; Vladimir Atanasovski; Liljana Gavrilovska

2009-01-01

292

Data quality studies of enhanced interferometric gravitational wave detectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data quality assessment plays an essential role in the quest to detect gravitational wave signals in data from the LIGO and Virgo interferometric gravitational wave detectors. Interferometer data contain a high rate of noise transients from the environment, the detector hardware and the detector control systems. These transients severely limit the statistical significance of gravitational wave candidates of short duration

Jessica McIver

2012-01-01

293

How Can Quality Improvement Enhance the Lives of Children with Disabilities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much attention has aided measurement and improvement in the quality of health care during the past two decades, with new ways to define and measure quality, recognition that doing so can identify strategies to enhance care, and systematic efforts by both government and private insurers to apply these principles. In this article, James Perrin…

Perrin, James M.

2012-01-01

294

Benefits of using enhanced air quality information in human health studies  

EPA Science Inventory

The ability of four (4) enhancements of gridded PM2.5 concentrations derived from observations and air quality models to detect the relative risk of long-term exposure to PM2.5 are evaluated with a simulation study. The four enhancements include nearest-nei...

295

Teacher Training for Political Science PhD Students in Europe Determinants of a Tool for Enhanced Teaching in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine the state of teacher training for political science PhD candidates in the European Union and make a comparison with the situation in the United States. We investigate the determinants of supply and demand of teacher training. On the supply side, we suggest that research orientation and quality assurance are factors that…

Pleschova, Gabriela; Simon, Eszter

2009-01-01

296

The Contribution of Constructivist Instruction Accompanied by Concept Mapping in Enhancing Pre-Service Chemistry Teachers' Conceptual Understanding of Chemistry in the Laboratory Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed to evaluate whether a chemistry laboratory course called "Laboratory Experiments in Science Education" based on constructivist instruction accompanied with concept mapping enhanced pre-service chemistry teachers' conceptual understanding. Data were collected from five pre-service chemistry teachers at a university in Ankara…

Aydin, Sevgi; Aydemir, Nurdane; Boz, Yezdan; Cetin-Dindar, Ayla; Bektas, Oktay

2009-01-01

297

Learning about Seasons in a Technologically Enhanced Environment: The Impact of Teacher-Guided and Student-Centered Instructional Approaches on the Process of Students' Conceptual Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explore the ways in which teacher-guided and student-centered instructional approaches influence students' conceptual understanding of seasonal change, we designed a technology-enhanced learning (TEL) course to compare, by means of concept maps, the learning outcome of students in two groups: a teacher-guided (TG) class (with whole-class…

Hsu, Ying-Shao

2008-01-01

298

Lessons from a Decade of Mathematics and Science Reform: A Capstone Report for the Local Systemic Change through Teacher Enhancement Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1995, the National Science Foundation (NSF) initiated the Local Systemic Change through Teacher Enhancement program. The initiative's primary goal is to improve instruction in science, mathematics, and technology through teacher professional development within whole schools or school districts. NSF funded the first cohort of Local Systemic…

Banilower, Eric R.; Boyd, Sally E.; Pasley, Joan D.; Weiss, Iris R.

2006-01-01

299

Microgrid power quality enhancement using a three-phase four-wire grid-interfacing compensator  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a three-phase four-wire grid-interfacing power quality compensator for microgrid applications. The compensator is proposed for use with each individual distributed generation (DG) system in the microgrid and consists of two four-phase-leg inverters (a shunt and a series), optimally controlled to achieve an enhancement of both the quality of power within the microgrid and the quality of currents

Yunwei Li; D. Mahinda Vilathgamuwa; Poh Chiang Loh

2005-01-01

300

LSU Virtual Museum: Technology-Enhanced Geoscience Teacher Workshops for Louisiana K-8 Educators.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Virtual Museum, a Louisiana Board of Regents sponsored SELECT program, is a collaborative project between the Museum of Natural Science and the French Education Project at Louisiana State University. It offers Louisiana science teachers, in-training teachers, and immersion teachers a professional development program via six videoconferences. These videoconferences are broadcast from LSU to six distance-learning sites across the entire state of Louisiana. This unique teacher population was selected because in Louisiana, there are two types of K-8 science teachers: teachers in traditional classroom settings and teachers in immersion programs. In the Foreign language Immersion programs, the target language (French or Spanish) is the language of instruction and communication in the classroom. For each videoconference, teachers are provided content material that is prepared by geology faculty and graduate students, example of ongoing field research by LSU faculty members, classroom-ready activities, information on available loan material and on-line resources, training on the unique Scope-On-A-Rope microscope, pre-made PowerPoint presentations and virtual museum photos, all, in French and in English. Three of the videoconferences emphasize regional and statewide earth science topics including Louisiana fossils, rocks and minerals, and field techniques used to interpret Louisiana's geologic history. The activities provided for teachers are hands-on, inquiry based classroom exercises that focus on the availability of local materials. These activities can also be scaled for use in a variety of grade-levels and teachers are encouraged to use these activities in their classrooms. The program has proven to foster new collaboration between science teachers in regular programs and immersion schools while boosting the interest statewide for natural science topics.

Warny, S.; Egea-Kuehne, D.; Tedford, R.; Lopez, A.

2007-12-01

301

Formative and summative evaluation efforts for the Teacher Enhancement Institute conducted at the NASA Langley Research Center, summer 1994  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Teacher Enhancement Institute (TEI) at NASA Langley Research Center was developed in response to Executive Order 12821 which mandates national laboratories to 'assist in the mathematics and science education of our Nation's students, teachers, parents, and the public by establishing programs at their agency to provide for training elementary and secondary school teachers to improve their knowledge of mathematics and science. Such programs, to the maximum extent possible, shall involve partnerships with universities, state and local elementary and secondary school authorities, corporations and community based organizations'. The faculty worked closely with one another and the invited speakers to insure that the sessions supported the objectives. Speakers were informed of the objectives and given guidance concerning form and function for the session. Faculty members monitored sessions to assist speakers and to provide a quality control function. Faculty provided feedback to speakers concerning general objective accomplishment. Participant comments were also provided when applicable. Post TEI surveys asked for specific comments about each TEI session. During the second of the two, two week institutes, daily critiques were provided to the participants for their reflection. This seemed to provide much improved feedback to speakers and faculty because the sessions were fresh in each participant's mind. Between sessions one and two, some changes were made to the program as a result of the formative evaluation process. Those changes, though, were minor in nature and comprised what may be called 'fine tuning' a well conceived and implemented program. After the objectives were written, an assessment instrument was developed to test the accomplishment of the objectives. This instrument was actually two surveys, one given before the TEI and one given after the TEI. In using such a series, it was expected that changes in the participants induced by attendance at TEI may be discovered. Because the institute was limited in time and depth of exposure, attitudinal changes (self-assessment of ability and confidence) were chosen to be surveyed. On the pre-survey, seven general categories of questions were asked. The post-survey repeated three of these categories, providing a pre and post evaluation of the same questions and added a fourth category which asked the participant to self-assess objective accomplishment. The assessment process for TEI was valuable when one looks at the final accomplishments of the TEI. A number of aspects stand out: (1) formative evaluation during project development allowed the goals and objectives to guide the development of the institute; (2) formative evaluation provided positive guidance to presenters in developing and implementing their session; (3) formative evaluation helped presenters to improve or focus their sessions; (4) summative evaluation provided managers a way to gauge the success of the institute; (5) summative evaluation provided a benchmark for future programs to be measured against.

Carlson, Randal D.

1994-01-01

302

Enhancing Teachers' Application of Inquiry-Based Strategies Using a Constructivist Sociocultural Professional Development Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-year school-wide initiative to improve teachers' pedagogical skills in inquiry-based science instruction using a constructivist sociocultural professional development model involved 30 elementary teachers from one school, three university faculty, and two central office content supervisors. Research was conducted for investigating the…

Brand, Brenda R.; Moore, Sandra J.

2011-01-01

303

Enhancing TPACK With Assistive Technology: Promoting Inclusive Practices in Preservice Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the global community continues the transition from an industrialized factory model to an information and now participatory networked-based society, educational technology will play a pivotal role in preparing students for their futures. Many teacher preparation programs are failing to provide preservice teachers with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions necessary to adopt and utilize technology effectively. This paper presents an

Matthew T. Marino; Pauline Sameshima; Constance C. Beecher

2009-01-01

304

Enhancing Teachers' Use of Technology through Professional Development on Electronic Concept Mapping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a workshop on electronic concept mapping with a group (n=18) of science teachers in a Health Sciences and Technology Academy (HSTA). Suggests using this software for the academic enrichment of underserved students, regular classroom instruction, and inservice training for colleagues. Concludes that HSTA teachers embrace electronic…

Rye, James A.

2001-01-01

305

Teacher Involvement in Adult Marketing Education: Impeding Factors and Enhancing Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the nominal group technique, 60 of the 323 high school marketing teachers in Virginia identified major factors impeding their involvement in adult marketing education as lack of time and demands of the job. Insufficient compensation for working with adults and lack of administrator support also inhibited teacher involvement in adult…

Price, William T., Jr.

1988-01-01

306

Using Literature to Enhance Content Area Instruction: A Guide for K-5 Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RAuthor Rebecca Olness combines her love of children's literature and her experience as a classroom teacher and literacy specialist to show teachers that it is possible to teach both content and literacy concepts simultaneously. Chapters cover social studies, science, mathematics, and the arts. In these pages readers will find rationale and…

Olness, Rebecca

2007-01-01

307

Enhancing the Role of the Arts in Primary Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research sought to explore the impact upon pre-service teachers' orientations towards the arts of a performing arts week within a one-year postgraduate teacher education programme. There is evidence from a range of data collected before, during and after the week that it had helped to strengthen participants' self-image as artistic…

Davies, Dan

2010-01-01

308

Factors Related to Professional Development of English Language University Teachers in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional development is deemed necessary for university teachers at all levels, as it helps to enhance teaching quality. However, the extent of English language university teachers' professional development might depend on a number of factors. This paper reports on a study investigating English language university teachers' professional…

Wichadee, Saovapa

2012-01-01

309

Are teachers’ education, major, and credentials related to classroom quality and children's academic gains in pre-kindergarten?  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, few studies of state-funded pre-kindergarten have fully addressed questions about the association between teachers’ education, major, and credentials with classroom quality or children's academic gains. The current paper uses data from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's (NCEDL) Multi-State Study of Pre-Kindergarten, involving 237 pre-kindergarten classrooms and over 800 children, randomly selected from six states with

Diane M. Early; Donna M. Bryant; Robert C. Pianta; Richard M. Clifford; Margaret R. Burchinal; Sharon Ritchie; Carollee Howes; Oscar Barbarin

2006-01-01

310

Children's Attendance Rates and Quality of Teacher-Child Interactions in At-Risk Preschool Classrooms: Contribution to Children's Expressive Language Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research examines whether children's daily attendance rates would be predictive of gains in expressive language within the context of high-quality preschool classrooms. The quality of preschool classrooms was assessed by measuring the quality of the teacher's interactions with the children in his or her classroom. Hierarchical linear…

Logan, Jessica A. R.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Justice, Laura M.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Petrill, Stephen

2011-01-01

311

Unpacking the Black Box of the Chicago School Readiness Project Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-Child Relationship Quality and Self-Regulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms that include the quality of teacher-child relationships and children's self-regulation. The CSRP is a multicomponent teacher and classroom-focused intervention, and its…

Jones, Stephanie M.; Bub, Kristen L.; Raver, C. Cybele

2013-01-01

312

The Production of Australian Professional Development Policy Texts as a Site of Contest: The Case of the Federal Quality Teacher Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reveals how the provision of teacher professional development is conceptualised within the Australian Government Quality Teacher Programme (AGQTP) policy text and its predecessors, and uses these texts to infer the nature of the production practices associated with the development of these policies. The paper argues that multiple…

Hardy, Ian

2009-01-01

313

Children with Communication Impairments: Caregivers' and Teachers' Shared Book-Reading Quality and Children's Level of Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed two aims: First, to examine the quality of adult shared book-reading behaviors for teachers and caregivers of children with communication impairments (CI) and, second, to compare the level of child literacy engagement during the teacher-led (group) and caregiver-led (one-on-one) shared book-reading sessions. Sixteen children…

Kaderavek, Joan N.; Pentimonti, Jill M.; Justice, Laura M.

2014-01-01

314

Connecting science and the musical arts in teaching tone quality: Integrating Helmholtz motion and master violin teachers' pedagogies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Is it possible for students to achieve better tone quality from even their factory-made violins? All violins, regardless of cost, have a common capacity for good tone in certain frequencies. These signature modes outline the first position range of a violin (196-600 hertz). To activate this basic capacity of all violins, the string must fully vibrate. To accomplish this the bow must be pulled across the string with enough pressure (relative to its speed and contact point) for the horsehairs to catch. This friction permits the string to vibrate in Helmholtz Motion, which produces a corner that travels along the edge of the string between the bridge and the nut. Creating this corner is the most fundamental technique for achieving good tone. The findings of celebrated scientists Ernest Chladni, Hermann von Helmholtz, and John Schelleng will be discussed and the tone-production pedagogy of master teachers Carl Flesch, Ivan Galamian, Robert Gerle, and Simon Fischer will be investigated. Important connections between the insights of these scientists and master teachers are evident. Integrating science and art can provide teachers with a better understanding of the characteristics of good tone. This can help their students achieve the best possible sound from their instruments. In the private studio the master teacher may not use the words "Helmholtz Motion." Yet through modeling and listening students are able to understand and create a quality tone. Music teachers without experience in string performance may be assigned to teach strings in classroom and ensembles settings. As a result modeling good tone is not always possible. However, all teachers and conductors can understand the fundamental behavior of string vibration and adapt their instruction strategies towards student success. Better tonal quality for any string instrument is ultimately achieved. Mastery and use of the Helmholtz Motion benefits teachers and students alike. Simple practice exercises for teaching and conducting, based on student discovery rather than modeling, are presented in Appendix A: Application. This approach to teaching good tone can be applied successfully in all string settings and levels.

Collins, Cheri D.

315

Using hospital surveys to enhance the quality of care.  

PubMed

Hospitals need the data that valid surveys can provide. However, no data are better than inaccurate or poorly interpreted data. Survey research appears to be deceptively simple. Many hospital managers are not sensitive to the pitfalls in writing a quality questionnaire and some who have their own personal computers believe that they can enter and tabulate the data. However, just as medical technology has advanced and become more complicated in recent years, survey research has also become more sophisticated during the past decade. The use of computers has assisted in the display of vast amounts of survey data, but interpretation is still the key to effective survey research. Many people can read the same table of data but come to different conclusions, depending on their point of view and their level of involvement with the issues being discussed. It is only human nature to interpret data to support what we believe to be the truth. Hospital managers should understand that interpretation of survey data is best done by neutral and skilled professionals who have worked closely with those who have authority to make costly decisions based on the results. A radiologist will tell you that reading a CT scan is an art as well as a science. So is quality survey research. PMID:10295772

Carey, R G

1989-11-01

316

A mobility framework to enhance quality of experience through quality of service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer networks are dramatically extending all over the world. They have diverse topologies and benefit from various technologies. They can also support users with different types of services. Nevertheless, all of them have an ultimate purpose in common. They should satisfy their users with high-quality services. To achieve this goal, Quality of service (QoS) solutions are required. However, they are

Sajad Khorsandroo; Sayid Khorsandroo

2012-01-01

317

Teacher-Child Relationship Quality in Early Childhood Education: The Importance of Relationship Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine kindergarten teachers' and children's perceptions of their relationships following a person-centred approach, and to describe patterns of relationships between them. 67 Kindergarten teachers and 403 children completed two measures designed to explore their perceptions of their relations. Four…

Gregoriadis, Athanasios; Grammatikopoulos, Vasilis

2014-01-01

318

Certification Requirements and Teacher Quality: A Comparison of Alternative Routes to Teaching. Working Paper 64  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, states have required individuals complete a program of study in a university-based teacher preparation program in order to be licensed to teach. In recent years, however, various "alternative certification" programs have been developed and the number of teachers obtaining teaching certificates through routes other than completing a…

Sass, Tim R.

2011-01-01

319

Children's Cortisol and the Quality of Teacher-Child Relationships in Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher-child relationships were examined as predictors of cortisol change in preschool children. Saliva for assays was collected from one hundred and ninety-one 4-year-olds (101 boys) in the mornings and afternoons on 2 days at child care, and before and after a series of challenging tasks and a teacher-child interaction session outside the…

Lisonbee, Jared A.; Mize, Jacquelyn; Payne, Amie Lapp; Granger, Douglas A.

2008-01-01

320

High-Quality Professional Development for All Teachers: Effectively Allocating Resources. Research & Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Research & Policy Brief addresses the aspect of the teacher support system that is perhaps the most important and often the most weakly implemented: teacher learning and development. This brief includes the following to help state and district leaders select professional learning activities that are worth the allocation of scarce resources:…

Archibald, Sarah; Coggshall, Jane G.; Croft, Andrew; Goe, Laura

2011-01-01

321

Preparing Teachers for Rural Education Settings in Australia: Issues of Policy, Practice and Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes current policy and practice relating to the preparation and selection of teachers for rural areas of Australia, and contrasts these to perceptions of rural teachers concerning the adequacy of their preservice preparation. Nine recent Australian national and state reports and policy statements were analyzed. National policy…

Gibson, Ian W.

322

Using quality improvement methodologies to enhance cross departmental collaboration and quality cost reduction  

E-print Network

The research and project implementations described in this study took place during a seven-month period in 2004 at a distribution transformer factory in Germany. The purpose of this research is to show how quality management ...

Kilburn-Peterson, Christopher

2005-01-01

323

Exploring How Project Work Enhances Student Teachers’ Understanding of Children with Special Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this year-long qualitative study we found that most early childhood student teachers involved children with special needs in project work and realized its benefits. The factors that promoted children’s involvement were familiarity and interest in the topic, comfort with the size and composition of the small group, and the use of open-ended, child-centered activities. While challenged, student teachers were

Mary Donegan; Seong Bock Hong; Caryn Finkelstein

2005-01-01

324

No Child Misunderstood: Enhancing Early Childhood Teachers’ Multicultural Responsiveness to the Social Competence of Diverse Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of rapid demographic changes in our society, more children from diverse racial\\/cultural backgrounds join our early\\u000a childhood classrooms. The majority of early childhood teachers, on the other hand, are middle-class and of European-decent.\\u000a This paper provides early childhood teachers with both theoretical and practical understandings about multicultural responsiveness,\\u000a in order to understand and promote social competence of

Heejeong Sophia Han; M. Shelley Thomas

2010-01-01

325

Statistical Processes Under Change: Enhancing Data Quality with Pretests  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Statistical offices in Europe, in particular the Federal Statistical Office in Germany, are meeting users’ ever more demanding requirements with innovative and appropriate responses, such as the multiple sources mixed-mode design model. This combines various objectives: reducing survey costs and the burden on interviewees, and maximising data quality. The same improvements are also being sought by way of the systematic use of pretests to optimise survey documents. This paper provides a first impression of the many procedures available. An ideal pretest combines both quantitative and qualitative test methods. Quantitative test procedures can be used to determine how often particular input errors arise. The questionnaire is tested in the field in the corresponding survey mode. Qualitative test procedures can find the reasons for input errors. Potential interviewees are included in the questionnaire tests, and their feedback on the survey documentation is systematically analysed and used to upgrade the questionnaire. This was illustrated in our paper by an example from business statistics (“Umstellung auf die Wirtschaftszweigklassifikation 2008” - Change-over to the 2008 economic sector classification). This pretest not only gave important clues about how to improve the contents, but also helped to realistically estimate the organisational cost of the main survey.

Radermacher, Walter; Sattelberger, Sabine

326

Quality of healing: defining, quantifying, and enhancing skeletal muscle healing.  

PubMed

Skeletal muscle injury is common in everyday physical activity and athletics, as well as in orthopedic trauma and disease. The overall functional disability resulting from muscle injury is directly related to the intrinsic healing properties of muscle and extrinsic treatment options designed to maximize repair and/or regeneration of muscle tissue all while minimizing pathologic healing pathways. It is important to understand the injury and repair pathways in order to improve the speed and quality of recovery. Recent military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have highlighted the importance of successfully addressing muscular injury and showed the need for novel treatment options that will maximize functional regeneration of the damaged tissue. These severe, wartime injuries, when juxtaposed to peacetime, sports-related injuries, provide us with interesting case examples of the two extreme forms of muscular damage. Comparing and contrasting the differences in these healing pathways will likely provide helpful cues that will help physicians recapitulate the near complete repair and regeneration in less traumatic injuries in addition to more severe cases. PMID:24813360

Shin, Emily H; Caterson, Edward J; Jackson, Wesley M; Nesti, Leon J

2014-05-01

327

Unpacking the Black Box of the CSRP Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-child Relationship Quality and Self-regulation  

PubMed Central

This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms including the quality of teacher-child relationships and children’s self-regulation. The CSRP is a multi-component teacher- and classroom-focused intervention, and its cluster-randomized efficacy trial was conducted in 35 Head Start-funded classrooms. A series of increasingly complex and conservative structural equation models indicate that the CSRP carries its effects on children’s academic and behavioral outcomes through changes in teacher-child relationship quality and children’s self-regulation. PMID:24729666

Jones, Stephanie M.; Bub, Kristen L.; Raver, C. Cybele

2014-01-01

328

Intraoperative Ultrasound-Fluoroscopy Fusion can Enhance Prostate Brachytherapy Quality  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry system. Method and Materials: Twenty-five patients were treated for prostate cancer with Pd-103 implantation. After the execution of the treatment plan, two sets of TRUS images were collected using the longitudinal and axial transducers of a biplanar probe. Then, three fluoroscopic images were acquired at 0, -15 and +15{sup o}. The three-dimensional locations of all implanted seeds were reconstructed from fluoroscopic images. A subset of the implanted seeds was manually identified in TRUS images and used as fiducial markers to perform TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion. To improve the implant quality, additional seeds were placed if adverse isodose patterns were identified during visual inspection. If additional seeds were placed, intraoperative dosimetry was repeated. Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry was compared with final intraoperative dosimetry to validate dosimetry achieved in the implant suite. Results: An average of additional 4.0 seeds was implanted in 16 patients after initial intraoperative dose evaluation. Based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based dosimetry, the V100 improved from 86% to 93% (p = 0.005), whereas D90 increased from 94% to 109% (p = 0.011) with the guided additional seed implantation. No statistical difference was observed in V200 and V300 values. V100 and D90 values were 95 {+-} 4% and 120 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on the final intraoperative dosimetry evaluation, compared with 95 {+-} 4% and 122 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry. Conclusions: Implantation of extra seeds based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry can improve the final V100 and D90 values with minimal increase in V200 and V300 values.

Orio, Peter F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Tutar, Ismail B. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Narayanan, Sreeram [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Arthurs, Sandra [Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Cho, Paul S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Kim, Yongmin [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Merrick, Gregory [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling, WV (United States); Wallner, Kent E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA (United States)], E-mail: kent.wallner@med.va.gov

2007-09-01

329

Overview of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA)'s Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) is an innovative integration of health services research, policy, and clinical care delivery designed to improve the quality, outcomes, and efficiency of VHA health care through the identification and implementation of evidence-based practices in routine care settings. A total of eight condition-specific QUERI centers are currently in operation, each

Lynn McQueen; Brian S Mittman; John G Demakis

2004-01-01

330

Interdisciplinary Team Teaching as a Model for Teacher Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The education literature has increasingly called for collaboration between teachers as a way to enhance the quality of teaching. In the TESOL field, content-based language teaching and English for Specific Purposes approaches are being more widely adopted. These developments call for increased collaboration between language teachers and colleagues in the subject-area disciplines. This study investigates how interdisciplinary contact between language

Timothy Stewart; Bill Perry

2005-01-01

331

The Effects of Teachers' Attitudes toward Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to provide an answer to whether a given seminar on total quality management (TQM) to primary school teachers can enhance their positive attitudes toward classroom management or not. The participants in this study were teachers working in Cengiz Topel Primary School and Yil Primary School. Both schools are located in Adiyaman, a…

Aksu, Mualla Bilgin; Caglar, Caglar

2006-01-01

332

Global Energy and Environmental Solutions - The National Enhancement Teacher Program at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Global Energy and Environmental Solutions is a three year middle school teacher institute consisting of 34 New Jersey public school science teachers. The teachers have committed to spending three consecutive summers in a three week workshop at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory as well as four follow-up sessions during the school year. The goals of the institute are as follows: 1)Increase the participant's knowledge in ecology, energy, environmental science, mathematics, and technology. 2)Design ways of bringing this knowledge into the classroom. 3)Increase the participant's knowledge of the tools and methods of scientific research. 4)Provide the participants with an understanding of the process of change within a school district and the leadership skills necessary to play a role in implementing this change. The institute is taught by scientists, engineers, educators and industry training specialists.

Carroll, D. L.; Holt, R. D.; Lucas, P.; Ritter, C.; Post-Zwicker, A. P.; Finley, V.; McGeachen, T.; Hyde-Deruyscher, R.; Drawbridge, J.; Raymond, W.

1996-11-01

333

Using partnerships with scientists to enhance teacher capacity to address the NGSS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasingly, scientists are seeking outreach experts to assist with the education and outreach components of their research grants. These experts have the skills and expertise to assist with translating scientific research into lessons and activities that are aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) as well as state standards, are STEM-focused and that address the realities of the K-12 science classroom. Since 2007, the Institute for the Environment (IE) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has been conducting teacher professional development and high school student science enrichment programs to promote climate literacy. Partnering with scientists to deepen content knowledge and promote engagement with technology and real data has been a successful strategy for cultivating increased climate literacy among teachers and students. In this session, we will share strategies for effectively engaging scientists in K-12 educational activities by providing specific examples of the various ways in which scientists can be integrated into programming and their research translated into relevant classroom activities. Engaging scientists and translating their research into classroom activities is an approach that becomes even more relevant with the advent of the NGSS. The NGSS's Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCIs) that encompass climate literacy can be addressed by partnering with scientists to provide teachers with current content knowledge and technological tools needed to promote integration of relevant science and engineering practices and cross-cutting themes. Here we highlight a successful partnership in which IE science educators collaborated with with a faculty member to develop a lesson for North Carolina teachers introducing them to new research on satellite remote sensing of the water cycle, while also promoting student engagement with local data. The resulting lesson was featured during a two-day, IE-led teacher workshop for 21 North Carolina high school teachers in July 2013 titled, 'Observing regional and global water resources: Using remote sensing and field data to better understand the hydrologic cycle.'

Pavelsky, T.; Haine, D. B.; Drostin, M.

2013-12-01

334

Enhancing Recruitment and Data Quality in a Junior High School-based Teen Pregnancy Prevention Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the methods used to maximize participation and enhance data quality in a randomized, controlled evaluation of an adolescent pregnancy prevention program targeting seventh graders in six urban junior high schools. Documents research procedures and evaluation survey design, discusses cross-cultural issues related to recruitment and survey…

Aarons, Sigrid; Rose, Allison; Walker, June; Lyles, Beverly; Jenkins, Renee; Raine, Tina

2001-01-01

335

COMPOSTS AS SOIL SUPPLEMENT ENHANCED PLANT GROWTH AND FRUIT QUALITY OF STRAWBERRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compost significantly enhanced strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) plant growth and fruit quality when used as a soil supplement. Adding half strength of Peter nutrient solution (50% fertilizer) to a mixture of 50% soil plus 50% compost was very effective in significantly increasing plant dry weight to approximately double that of controls (without compost), fruit yield by more than 70%,

Shiow Y. Wang; Shin-Shan Lin

2002-01-01

336

COMPUTER PROGRAM DOCUMENTATION FOR THE ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL QUAL2E  

EPA Science Inventory

Presented in the manual are recent modifications and improvements to the widely used stream water quality model QUAL-II. Called QUAL2E, the enhanced model incorporates improvements in eight areas: (1) algal, nitrogen, phosphorus, and dissolved oxygen interactions; (2) algal growt...

337

The Effect of the Use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative Training in the Pilot Districts on the Sustained Use of Quality Tools by Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1990s, teachers in five pilot districts in Ohio were trained during the Baldrige in Education Initiative (BiE IN). Training included Baldrige's theory, quality process and quality tools. The study was a follow-up to determine the effect of the use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative training in the pilot districts (and other early…

Schmidbauer, Hollace J.

2010-01-01

338

Do British Columbia's Recent Education Policy Changes Enhance Professionalism among Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning with the Sullivan Royal Commission on Education in 1988, British Columbia (BC) teachers experienced a policy context that led to a decade of intense professional learning around innovative instructional strategies and curriculum. From 2001 on, the policy context changed considerably. There has been a flurry of changes designed to bring…

Grimmett, Peter P.; D'Amico, Laura

2008-01-01

339

ENHANCING THE TEACHING OF CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS THROUGH ONLINE INSTRUCTION FOR TEACHERS  

E-print Network

-educated scientist who can easily find a position different from teaching. As a result, a very large fraction to bring their content knowledge about physics up-to-date. This content knowledge includes topics in their everyday lives. In addition to the content knowledge about 20th Century physics, many of these teachers who

Zollman, Dean

340

Enhancing Teacher Practice through Coaching: A Case Study in an English Language Learner Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the use of instructional coaching in one urban school as a form of professional development for teachers. The use of instructional coaches in the classroom has become more and more popular in many school districts across the nation as they look for ways to improve student performance by improving the performance of their…

Carrera, Hazel C.

2010-01-01

341

Enhancing the Novice Teacher's Success in Handling Classroom Discipline Problems: Use of Video Simulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate students developed a videotape to provide novice teachers with observation and practice in handling classroom discipline problems. Videotape content came from students' own classroom experience and provided solutions to problems using students' own observations of successful classroom management. The videotape proved to be a useful…

Doyle, Kathleen; And Others

1994-01-01

342

Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network: The Dirt on Soil Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Dirt on Soil Science is a 1 credit graduate course for K-6 elementary school teachers who are interested in understanding the basic principles of soil science. This online course lasts 6-weeks and includes conversing with your instructor and classmat

1900-01-01

343

Enhancing Understanding in Student Teachers: The Case of Auto-Pollution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preservice teachers' (N=200) ideas about links between vehicle emissions and global environmental issues were studied using a graphic questionnaire. Results indicated that most students understood that cars contributed to global warming, though many had misconceptions about certain specifics. It is recommended that environmental education be given…

Hillman, Matthew; And Others

1996-01-01

344

The Role of School Principals in Enhancing Teacher Professionalism: Lessons from Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the initiation of educational reforms, this article reports on the different models of leadership that have emerged as being important for developing teacher professionalism in government primary schools in Karachi, Pakistan. The evidence from the case studies, reported in this article, illustrates that even within formalized government…

Rizvi, Meher

2008-01-01

345

From the Coast to the Mountains: Enhancing the Self-Esteem of North Carolina Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes two recent seminars for exemplary K-12 public school teachers from North Carolina held at the North Carolina Center for the Advancement of Teaching (NCCAT). A discussion is presented on the program's rationale. The seminars are examined in the light of the framework of an article on four conceptions of excellence: (1)…

Rud, Anthony G., Jr.

346

Enhancing Mentoring of Teacher Candidates through Consultative Feedback and Self-Evaluation of Instructional Delivery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors evaluate the efficacy of videotape analysis with structured expert consultation and self-evaluation to improve teacher candidates' instructional delivery. A single-case, multiple-baseline, across-participants design was used to evaluate lesson components, rate of praise statements, and rate of opportunities to respond…

Capizzi, Andrea M.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Sandmel, Karin N.

2010-01-01

347

Using Process Drama to Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Understanding of Science and Religion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I report an action research study that aimed at improving Thai pre-service teachers' understanding of the relationship between science and religion and at assisting them to respond to this issue in a science classroom. The participants were twelve post-grad students pursuing Master of Art in Teaching Science at Kasetsart University. They took a…

Pongsophon, Pongprapan

2010-01-01

348

Teachers' Perceptions of the Effective Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, researchers qualitatively analyzed middle school teacher participant perceptions of qualities of teacher effectiveness across 3 years (2006-2009) through 66 focus group sessions by comparing the participants' identified qualities to Stronge's (2007) Teacher Skills Assessment Checklist. Surprisingly, a disproportionate number (42.6%)…

Watson, S.; Miller, T.; Davis, L.; Carter, P.

2010-01-01

349

Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Sense of Efficacy and Attitudes toward School Diversity through Preparation: A Case of One U.S. Inclusive Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conducted in one inclusive teacher education program in the United States, this study explored the trajectory of and the relationships between preservice teachers' sense of efficacy and attitudes toward school diversity through the course of preparation. Findings revealed that, in general, changes of preservice teachers' perceived efficacy,…

Gao, Wei; Mager, Gerald

2011-01-01

350

Correlates of Quality Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents preliminary evaluation findings from Florida's Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement Program that explore the relationships between educational program quality and program characteristics. Several program characteristics are found to be related to measurements of educational program quality, including proportion of teachers who are…

Chester, Deborah R.; Tracy, Jessamyn A.; Earp, Emily; Chauhan, Reetu

2002-01-01

351

Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study: Teacher and Student Resources (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These educational resources enable students to learn about the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (HBES), a long-term ecological research project dedicated to the study of forest and stream ecosystems. The student section provides a virtual introduction and tour, a glossary, information on new research on acid rain and watersheds, and information about HBES scientists. The teacher's page provides access to classroom activties and handouts designed to accompany the student introduction and tour. There is also a teacher's manual with activities that introduce students to the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program, teach basic ecological principles and inquiry skills, and make students aware of the value of long-term research as a basis for conservation management and regional planning decisions.

352

Using process drama to enhance pre-service teachers' understanding of science and religion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I report an action research study that aimed at improving Thai pre-service teachers' understanding of the relationship between science and religion and at assisting them to respond to this issue in a science classroom. The participants were twelve post-grad students pursuing Master of Art in Teaching Science at Kasetsart University. They took a course, Philosophy of Science, taught by the researcher in Semester A, academic year 2007. Process drama is the teaching strategy employed. The students were fully engaged in the process drama; doing research, producing, distributing, and criticizing the drama. Focus group, student journal, and observation were used to gather the data and the data was analyzed using qualitative analysis techniques. The focus groups revealed that the drama could help students reflect on the complexity and sensitivity of the issue. They found there was no inherent conflict between science and religion since they answered different questions and used different methods to achieve their results. However, the conflicts occurred when people were not aware of the basic differences between the two so they justified one on the basis of purpose and method of one another. The pre-service teachers also found consistency between science and Buddhism. They thought that the teachers of science should respond to the conflicts in a respectful, compromising, and neutral manner.[InlineMediaObject not available: see fulltext.

Pongsophon, Pongprapan

2010-03-01

353

Extension Water Summit-Initiative 2: `Enhancing and Protecting Water Quality, Quantity and Supply.' December 12 and 13, 2012  

E-print Network

. Conserve Florida's finite water resources by teaching rural, suburban and urban audiences about the valueExtension Water Summit- Initiative 2: `Enhancing and Protecting Water Quality, Quantity and Supply.' December 12 and 13, 2012 1 Initiative 2: `Enhancing and Protecting Water Quality, Quantity and Supply

Kane, Andrew S.

354

The production of Australian professional development policy texts as a site of contest: The case of the federal quality teacher programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reveals how the provision of teacher professional development is conceptualised within the Australian Government\\u000a Quality Teacher Programme (AGQTP) policy text and its predecessors, and uses these texts to infer the nature of the production\\u000a practices associated with the development of these policies. The paper argues that multiple tensions within these texts gesture\\u000a towards support for complex and contested

Ian Hardy

2009-01-01

355

An exploration of elementary science teachers' expertise, creativity skills, and motivation in relation to the use of an innovation and the delivery of high-quality science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This two-year study sought to uncover characteristic differences among a purposive sample of 23 elementary teachers who were using an elementary science innovation with various levels of proficiency. Two theoretical frameworks supported the development of the research, the Concerns Based Adoption Model Level of Use (LoU) (Hord, Rutherford, Huling-Austin & Hall, 1987) and Amabile's (1996) Componential Model of Creativity. Both qualitative and quantitative methodologies were employed to gather data on participants' science content knowledge, pedagogical skill, creativity relevant process skills, motivation orientation, self-efficacy, outcome expectancy and workplace environment. Results dispute the common conception among educators that "mechanical use" teachers do not provide high quality lessons. A new method for categorizing teachers' proficiency with an innovation is suggested by this study that incorporates both qualitative data from the LoU interview and classroom observation. Additionally, results show that the quality of the observed science lessons was associated with a teacher's creativity. The data suggest that a teacher's creativity relevant process skills and expertise are indicators of lesson quality. There were important differences among teachers' conceptions of creativity, how they involved students in the reported lessons and in the type of adaptations they made to the innovation. The more creative teachers tended to provide lessons that were more complex, of longer duration, had ties to student home life, and used multiple resources. Following an analysis of these results is a set of suggested professional development strategies and workplace changes to support less proficient teachers in their ability to provide higher quality elementary science lessons.

Falkenberg, Karen L.

356

Their Fair Share: How Texas-Sized Gaps in Teacher Quality Shortchange Low-Income and Minority Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many low-income, Hispanic, and African-American students in Texas's 50 largest districts are not getting their fair share of the best teachers, or the money it takes to pay for them. This report documents sometimes stunning inequities in teacher credentials, teacher experience, teacher turnover and average teacher salaries among schools within…

Education Trust, 2008

2008-01-01

357

Teacher's Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lesson plans and exercises for teachers to use this site and the CD-ROM ?Atomic Archive: Enhanced Edition? in their classrooms. The exercises cover the following subjects: Arms Control, Atomic Physics, Delivery Systems, Fission, Fusion, History and Weapon Effects.

Griffith, Christopher

358

Enhancing Understanding of Teaching and the Profession through School Innovation Rounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, Australian teacher education programs include professional experiences as a means of enhancing preservice teacher understanding about teaching and the profession. The challenge the programs face is the lack of places available in schools and, at times, the unpredictable quality of the placements as some teachers are time-poor, are not…

Moran, Wendy

2014-01-01

359

Using Teacher Stories to Reveal Quality Educational Practice: An Eastern Cape Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Fort Hare Distance Education Project set out to improve qualifications of primary teachers in rural and township schools in the Eastern Cape of the Republic of South Africa. At the culmination of an 11-year AUSAid collaboration between the University of Fort Hare and University of South Australia a research project to reveal…

Paige, Kathryn; Chartres, Mike; Kenyon, Alan

2008-01-01

360

Teacher Quality in Michigan: A School-Level Analysis of the Detroit Metropolitan Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of the low-performing schools and students are in urban districts where poverty is high, where large proportions of students have limited English proficiency, and where students perform poorly on achievement tests. Moreover, urban districts face numerous challenges, including attracting teachers to their schools and optimizing their hiring,…

Gawlik, Marytza Anne; Kearney, C. Philip; Addonizio, Michael F.; LaPlante-Sosnowsky, Frances

2012-01-01

361

Teacher and School Leader Quality and Sustainability. Resource Sheet No. 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools need sustainable reform to meet the challenges of rapid and constant change and higher community expectations. Sustainable school reform is best achieved when teachers and school leaders: (1) understand what is happening in the broader community and the implications this has for schools (being contextually literate); (2) run their schools…

Mulford, Bill

2011-01-01

362

Women, the labor market, and the declining relative quality of teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

School officials and policymakers have grown increasingly concerned about their ability to attract and retain talented teachers. A number of authors have shown that in recent years the brightest students-at least those with the highest verbal and math scores on standardized tests-are less likely to enter teaching. In addition, it is frequently claimed that the ability of schools to attract

Sean P. Corcoran; William N. Evans; Robert M. Schwab

2004-01-01

363

CCC for AAA: Tapping Creativity, Collaboration & Cooperation for Quality in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information and Communication Technology in education is changing the way we teach, learn and conduct research. Today we have WIRE, WEB and WINDOWS leading to CONNECTIVITY, NETWORKING and APPLICATIONS. Not surprisingly the National Council of Teacher Education, (NCTE) India, decided to make ICT Literacy a compulsory part of the Pre-service course…

Praveen, C.

2006-01-01

364

Three Scenarios for the Future of Teaching. A Future Paper for Teacher Quality and Effectiveness Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three scenarios are offered for the future of teaching. The first includes reforms such as requirements for a full liberal arts program for teacher candidates, a fifth year of professional education, a carefully supervised induction, and tests of subject-matter knowledge, professional knowledge, and performance. The second scenario examines the…

Wise, Arthur

365

Inspecting the Inspectors: Race Equality and Quality in Initial Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Equalities legislation in Britain has in recent years shifted towards requiring public bodies to proactively promote equality rather than simply prevent discrimination. This paper reports on a study of how this requirement, with specific reference to race equality, is enacted in the regulation and inspection of initial teacher education (ITE) in…

Wilkins, Chris

2014-01-01

366

Racial Patterns in How School and Teacher Quality Affect Achievement and Earnings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reasons why African American and Hispanic American students tend to have lower scores than do White students on standardized mathematics and reading tests are examined, focusing on a study from Texas. Results of the Texas Examination of Current Administrators and Teachers (TECAT) for approximately 900 school districts show that where the…

Ferguson, Ronald F.

367

Essentials for Principals: How To Interview, Hire, and Retain High-Quality New Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides principals with useful information about hiring teachers, including checklists for organizing the search for qualified candidates, recommendations on how to identify suitable applicants, and sample interview questions. In an increasingly competitive employment environment, school district personnel systems can help, or hinder,…

Clement, Mary C.

368

Teacher Value Added as a Measure of Program Quality: Interpret with Caution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many states now possess the data and statistical methods that can produce teacher value-added scores and link them to preparation programs. It is important to understand the limitations of these measures and the inferences that they do and do not support. These limitations fall into three categories. First, value-added measures (VAM) provide…

Floden, Robert E.

2012-01-01

369

Troops to Teachers as School Administrators: A National Study of Principal Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States has a scarcity of capable principals ready to successfully lead schools in an era of outcome-based accountability. This is especially true in high-poverty, high-minority schools. Policy makers welcome opening the principal pipeline to untraditional leaders. Research finds that teachers who have entered education through Troops to…

Owings, William A.; Kaplan, Leslie S.; Chappell, Shanan

2011-01-01

370

What Is the Relationship between Teacher Quality and Student Achievement? An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of the study was to examine what constitutes effective teaching as defined by measured increases in student learning with a focus on the instructional behaviors and practices. Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses and hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) were used to identify teacher effectiveness levels while…

Stronge, James H.; Ward, Thomas J.; Tucker, Pamela D.; Hindman, Jennifer L.

2007-01-01

371

A Smarter Teacher Layoff System: How Quality-Based Layoffs Can Help Schools Keep Great Teachers in Tough Economic Times. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current economic downturn has forced school districts across the country to deal with massive budget cuts over the past two years. In some cases, these cuts led districts to make the wrenching decision to lay off teachers. The basic principle is "last hired, first fired;" newer teachers are laid off before more veteran teachers, regardless of…

New Teacher Project, 2010

2010-01-01

372

Developer, Teacher, Student and Employer Evaluations of Competence-Based Assessment Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how different stakeholders experience the quality of a nationally developed assessment framework for summative, competence-based assessment (CBA) in AVET, which aims to reflect theoretical characteristics of high quality CBAs. The quality of two summative CBAs, based on this national framework, is evaluated along an extensive,…

Gulikers, J.; Biemans, H.; Mulder, M.

2009-01-01

373

Using GIS to Profile HealthCare Costs of VA Quality-Enhancement Research Initiative Diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D) Service at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Care System launched a Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) in 1998. This study estimated health-care costs of nine diseases under the QUERI project and analyzed geographic differences in health-care costs and utilization across 22 VA Integrated Service Networks (VISNs), using a geographic information system

Wei Yu; Diane Cowper; Magdalena Berger; Mark Kuebeler; Joe Kubal; Larry Manheim

2004-01-01

374

Rethinking the Teacher Quality Challenge. 2011 PIE Network Summit Policy Briefs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American schools are in a constant, unending race to recruit and then retain some 300,000 teachers annually. Given that U.S. colleges issue a grand total of perhaps 1.5 million four-year diplomas a year across all majors and disciplines, even non-mathematicians can see that the K-12 schools are seeking to recruit about one in five new college…

Hess, Frederick M.

2011-01-01

375

Implementing Teacher Work Sampling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how the teacher work sample methodology of the Renaissance Partnership for Improving Teacher Quality was implemented within the teacher education program at a small liberal arts college. Resulting program improvements are described, as well as on-going challenges. The adapted teacher work sample prompt and scoring rubric are…

Kinne, Lenore J.; Watson, Dwight C.

2005-01-01

376

Social, moral, and temporal qualities: Pre-service teachers' considerations of evolution and creation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The introduction of the theories of evolution into public education has created a history of misinterpretation and uncertainty about its application to understanding deep time and human origins. Conceptions about negative social and moral outcomes of evolution itself along with cognitive temporal constraints may be difficult for many individuals to uncouple from the scientific theory, serving to provoke the ongoing debate about the treatment of evolution in science education. This debate about teaching evolution is strongly influenced by groups who strive to add creationism to the science curriculum for a balanced treatment of human origins and to mediate implied negative social and moral outcomes of evolution. Individual conceptualization of evolution and creation may influence the choice of college students to teach science. This study is designed to examine if pre-service teachers' conceptualize an evolutionary and creationist process of human development using certain social, moral or temporal patterns; and if the patterns follow a negative conceptual theme. The pilot study explored 21 pre-service teachers' conceptual representation of an evolutionary process through personal narratives. Participants tended to link evolutionary changes with negative social and moral consequences and seemed to have difficulty envisioning change over time. The pilot study was expanded to include a quantitative examination of attribute patterns of an evolutionary and creationist developmental process. Seventy-three pre-service teachers participated in the second experiment and tended to fall evenly along a continuum of creationist and evolutionist beliefs about life. Using a chi-square and principle components analysis, participants were found to map concepts of evolution and creation onto each other using troubling attributes of development to distinguish negative change over time. A strong negative social and moral pattern of human development was found in the creation condition, though only a vague negative human developmental process was found for the evolution condition. Based on these results, pre-service teachers may not use evolution as a viable explanation of human origins, which may serve to contribute to evolution theory debates and discourage pre-service teachers' choice of being science instructors.

Hahn, Deirdre

377

An Introduction to School Leadership for Quality Global Learning in Initial Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces a project, School Leadership for Quality Global Learning, which focuses on the relationship between leadership at different levels within educational institutions and quality global learning. The article outlines briefly the changing societal context within which education is operating currently before exploring key ideas,…

Serf, Jeff; Sinclair, Scott; Wooldridge, Julie

2009-01-01

378

Money Matters for Early Education: The Relationships among Child Care Quality, Teacher Characteristics, and Subsidy Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care is the first out-of-home learning opportunity for many children. For low-income children, a high-quality child care placement can provide many of the experiences and skills that help build a foundation for later school success. Among the many measures of child care quality, some closely linked to later success in school are those…

St.Clair-Christman, JeanMarie; Buell, Martha; Gamel-McCormick, Michael

2011-01-01

379

Teacher Perception of the Alignment of Enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) with the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) standards for staff development as a framework for measuring specific aspects of the enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) educational technology professional development program, as perceived by eMINTS teachers. The Technology Integration Cycle…

Stanfill, Diana L.

2010-01-01

380

Compulsory Project-Level Involvement and the Use of Program-Level Evaluations: Evaluating the Local Systemic Change for Teacher Enhancement Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1995, the National Science Foundation (NSF) contracted with principal investigator Iris Weiss and an evaluation team at Horizon Research, Inc. (HRI) to conduct a national evaluation of the Local Systemic Change for Teacher Enhancement program (LSC). HRI conducted the core evaluation under a $6.25 million contract with NSF. This program…

Johnson, Kelli; Weiss, Iris R.

2011-01-01

381

Finding Exemplary Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher quality is the most crucial component in promoting student learning. For all the controversy about No Child Left Behind, one underlying emphasis of the federal law that is irrefutable is the importance placed on teacher quality. Therefore, a school organization committed to excellence must recruit and select outstanding teachers. The Obama…

O'Donovan, Eamonn

2010-01-01

382

Conditions for Student Teacher Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapidly changing nature of Europe and of education and culture that includes conditions for student teacher professional development is generated by the democracy transition from opportunity to choose towards qualities and purposes in the context of cultural and educational globalization. Conditions of contribution applied to enhance student…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

383

A Formative Experiment to Enhance Teacher-Child Language Interactions in a Preschool Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A formative experiment investigated how two strategies aimed at increasing the quality and quantity of language interactions could be integrated into a preschool classroom. Strategies for enriching language interactions were introduced during book sharing, semi-structured group activities, and mealtimes. Mixed methods revealed factors that…

Bradley, Barbara A.; Reinking, David

2011-01-01

384

Hot for Teacher: Using Digital Music to Enhance Students' Experience in Online Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a review of the instructional potential of digital music to enhance postsecondary students' experience in online courses by involving them in music-driven instructional activities. The authors describe how music-driven instructional activities, when used appropriately, can (a) humanize, personalize, and energize online…

Dunlap, Joanna C.; Lowenthal, Patrick R.

2010-01-01

385

Web-Enhanced Instruction and Learning: Findings of a Short- and Long-Term Impact Study and Teacher Use of NASA Web Resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Over a three-year period, researchers and educators from the Pennsylvania State University (PSU), University Park, Pennsylvania, and the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC), Edwards, California, worked together to analyze, develop, implement and evaluate materials and tools that enable teachers to use NASA Web resources effectively for teaching science, mathematics, technology and geography. Two conference publications and one technical paper have already been published as part of this educational research series on Web-based instruction and learning. This technical paper, Web-Enhanced Instruction and Learning: Findings of a Short- and Long-Term Impact Study, is the culminating report in this educational research series and is based on the final report submitted to NASA. This report describes the broad spectrum of data gathered from teachers about their experiences using NASA Web resources in the classroom. It also describes participating teachers responses and feedback about the use of the NASA Web-Enhanced Learning Environment Strategies reflection tool on their teaching practices. The reflection tool was designed to help teachers merge the vast array of NASA resources with the best teaching methods, taking into consideration grade levels, subject areas and teaching preferences. The teachers described their attitudes toward technology and innovation in the classroom and their experiences and perceptions as they attempted to integrate Web resources into science, mathematics, technology and geography instruction.

McCarthy, Marianne C.; Grabowski, Barbara L.; Koszalka, Tiffany

2003-01-01

386

The Quality of Teachers' Interactive Conversations with Preschool Children from Low-Income Families during Small-Group and Large-Group Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the quality of preschool teachers' interactive conversations with three- and four-year-olds in two Head Start classrooms serving children from low-income families in the United States. Over a period of 20?weeks, 10 bi-weekly observations of conversations (totaling 15?h per classroom) were conducted in one small-group (Play…

Chen, Jennifer J.; de Groot Kim, Sonja

2014-01-01

387

Improving the Quality of Early Childhood Education in Chile: Tensions between Public Policy and Teacher Discourses over the Schoolarisation of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article problematises emerging tensions in Chile, in relation to the discourses of early childhood teachers and public policies aimed at improving the quality of early childhood education. The aim of the analysis is to contribute to developing more nuanced understandings of these tensions, through the analytical lenses provided by the…

Pardo, Marcela; Woodrow, Christine

2014-01-01

388

A Study of School Culture, Leadership, Teacher Quality and Student Outcomes via a Performance Framework in Elementary Schools Participating in a School Reform Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among teacher quality characteristics and school culture components and their influence upon student attendance and suspension rates. In addition, the research also examined the educational leadership practices of exemplary school principals in relation to the components of a collaborative…

Ohlson, Matthew

2009-01-01

389

An Analysis of the Entropy Index Diversity Scores of Selected North Carolina Urban High Schools and the Impact on Teacher Quality, Student Achievement, and Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the differences in teacher quality, student achievement, and graduation rates among select North Carolina urban high schools based on their racial segregation when measured by the entropy index. The entropy index is a measure of evenness among racial groups used to determine the level of segregation…

Taylor, Robert Pernell

2009-01-01

390

From policy to practice: the challenges of providing high quality physical education and school sport faced by head teachers within primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite considerable investment in UK government initiatives (e.g., the Physical Education School Sport [PESS] plan) aimed at improving the delivery and quality of physical education (PE) in primary schools, many remaining problems have been highlighted (e.g., facilities; staff training). It is suggested that the head teacher (school principal) plays a fundamental role in the experience of PE delivery within

Paul Rainer; Brendan Cropley; Stuart Jarvis; Rob Griffiths

2012-01-01

391

From policy to practice: the challenges of providing high quality physical education and school sport faced by head teachers within primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite considerable investment in UK government initiatives (e.g., the Physical Education School Sport [PESS] plan) aimed at improving the delivery and quality of physical education (PE) in primary schools, many remaining problems have been highlighted (e.g., facilities; staff training). It is suggested that the head teacher (school principal) plays a fundamental role in the experience of PE delivery within

Paul Rainer; Brendan Cropley; Stuart Jarvis; Rob Griffiths

2011-01-01

392

The Role of Teacher Quality in Retention and Hiring: Using Applications-to-Transfer to Uncover Preferences of Teachers and Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many large urban school districts are rethinking their personnel management strategies, often giving increased control to schools in the hiring of teachers, reducing, for example, the importance of seniority. If school hiring authorities are able to make good decisions about whom to hire, these reforms have the potential to benefit schools and students. Prior research on teacher transfers uses career

Donald Boyd; Hamilton Lankford; Susanna Loeb; Matthew Ronfeldt; James Wyckoff

2010-01-01

393

Teacher Migration Impact: A Review in the Context of Quality Education Provision and Teacher Training in Higher Education in Southern Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher mobility has become a common feature of the cross-border flows and transnational networks that constitute globalisation. International and intraregional migration of teachers is an important factor in education provision and management in countries in the Southern Africa region, for example Botswana and South Africa. In an increasingly…

Brown, B.

2008-01-01

394

Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of Using Video Games to Enhance Science Instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education video game research points toward promising, but inconclusive results in both student learning outcomes and attitudes. However, student-level variables other than gender have been largely absent from this research. This study examined how students' reading ability level and disability status are related to their video game-playing behaviors outside of school and their perceptions about the use of science video games during school. Thirty-four teachers and 876 sixth- through ninth-grade students from 14 states participated in the study. All student groups reported that they would prefer to learn science from a video game rather than from traditional text, laboratory-based, or Internet environments. Chi-square analyses indicated a significant association between reading ability level, disability status, and key areas of interest including students' use of video games outside of school, their perceptions of their scientific abilities, and whether they would pursue a career in the sciences. Implications of these findings and areas for future research are identified.

Marino, Matthew T.; Israel, Maya; Beecher, Constance C.; Basham, James D.

2012-10-01

395

The University of Texas Houston Stroke Registry (UTHSR): implementation of enhanced data quality assurance procedures improves data quality  

PubMed Central

Background Limited information has been published regarding standard quality assurance (QA) procedures for stroke registries. We share our experience regarding the establishment of enhanced QA procedures for the University of Texas Houston Stroke Registry (UTHSR) and evaluate whether these QA procedures have improved data quality in UTHSR. Methods All 5093 patient records that were abstracted and entered in UTHSR, between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2011, were considered in this study. We conducted reliability and validity studies. For reliability and validity of data captured by abstractors, a random subset of 30 records was used for re-abstraction of select key variables by two abstractors. These 30 records were re-abstracted by a team of experts that included a vascular neurologist clinician as the “gold standard”. We assessed inter-rater reliability (IRR) between the two abstractors as well as validity of each abstractor with the “gold standard”. Depending on the scale of variables, IRR was assessed with Kappa or intra-class correlations (ICC) using a 2-way, random effects ANOVA. For assessment of validity of data in UTHSR we re-abstracted another set of 85 patient records for which all discrepant entries were adjudicated by a vascular neurology fellow clinician and added to the set of our “gold standard”. We assessed level of agreement between the registry data and the “gold standard” as well as sensitivity and specificity. We used logistic regression to compare error rates for different years to assess whether a significant improvement in data quality has been achieved during 2008–2011. Results The error rate dropped significantly, from 4.8% in 2008 to 2.2% in 2011 (P < 0.001). The two abstractors had an excellent IRR (Kappa or ICC ? 0.75) on almost all key variables checked. Agreement between data in UTHSR and the “gold standard” was excellent for almost all categorical and continuous variables. Conclusions Establishment of a rigorous data quality assurance for our UTHSR has helped to improve the validity of data. We observed an excellent IRR between the two abstractors. We recommend training of chart abstractors and systematic assessment of IRR between abstractors and validity of the abstracted data in stroke registries. PMID:23767957

2013-01-01

396

When Curriculum-Based, Technology-Enhanced Field Experiences and Teacher Inquiry Coalesce: An Opportunity for Conceptual Change?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National agencies advocate the use of field experiences to help prepare teachers to integrate technology in their classrooms. However, prospective teachers often fail to synthesise the integration of technology with the complexities of teaching during such experiences. This study suggests teacher inquiry, a strategy for helping educators…

Dawson, Kara; Dana, Nancy Fichtman

2007-01-01

397

Actors and Act-ers: Enhancing Inclusion and Diversity in Teaching and Teacher Education through the Validation of Quiet Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We find that Teacher Education attracts, in addition to those outgoing students who are at ease in front of a group of people, a number of student teachers who are often quiet, reserved, shy, or not at all comfortable being the center of attention. Many times these aspiring teachers have gifts and talents that are not readily apparent, yet…

Collins, Steve; Ting, Hermia

2010-01-01

398

Enhancing In-Service Teachers' Professional Learning through a School-Based Professional Development Programme in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing is a complex skill that requires effective teaching practices in the classroom. One of the challenges English teachers in the English as a second language (L2) context face is the lack of teacher experience in teaching English writing. This brief paper reports on a small-scale study on helping Hong Kong in-service primary school teachers

Bai, Barry

2014-01-01

399

Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS): A novel application of translational research methods  

PubMed Central

Translational research is expanding, in part, because Evidence-Based Programs or Practices (EBPs) are not adopted in many medical domains. However, little translational research exists on EBPs that are prevention programs delivered in non-clinical, community-based settings. These organizations often have low capacity, which undermines implementation quality and outcomes. Rigorous translational research is needed in these settings so within a single study, capacity, implementation quality, and outcomes are measured and links between them tested. This paper overviews the study Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS), which tests how well a community-based setting (Boys & Girls Clubs) conducts an EBP called Making Proud Choices that aims to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, with and without an implementation support intervention called Getting To Outcomes®. The study design is novel as it assesses: Getting To Outcomes’ impact on capacity, implementation quality, and outcomes simultaneously and in both study conditions; will assess sustainability by measuring capacity and fidelity a year after the Getting To Outcomes support ends; and will operate on a large scale similar to many national initiatives. Many studies have not incorporated all these elements and thus EQUIPS could serve as a model for translational research in many domains. PMID:23751031

Chinman, Matthew; Acosta, Joie; Ebener, Patricia; Driver, Jennifer; Keith, Jamie; Peebles, Dana

2013-01-01

400

Software enhancement to produce report-quality graphics from gifts. [GIFTS  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) maintains two versions of the Graphics-Oriented Interactive Finite Element Time-Sharing System (GIFTS) structural analysis computer program modules, one for two DECsystem-10's located at ORNL, the other for a Cray-1 located at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. These computers are connected via high-bandwidth terrestrial communications equipment. Presented here are the local software enhancements for the ORNL version of GIFTS that permit the creation of inermediate graphics files that may be postprocessed to produce report-quality display images on a variety of graphics devices at ORNL.

Gray, W.H.; Baudry, T.V.

1981-03-01

401

Increasing tomato fruit quality by enhancing fruit chloroplast function. A double-edged sword?  

PubMed

Fruits are generally regarded as photosynthate sinks as they rely on energy provided by sugars transported from leaves to carry out the highly demanding processes of development and ripening; eventually these imported photosynthates also contribute to the fruit organoleptic properties. Three recent reports have revealed, however, that transcriptional factors enhancing chloroplast development in fruit may result in higher contents not only of tomato fruit-specialized metabolites but also of sugars. In addition to suggesting new ways to improve fruit quality by fortifying fruit chloroplasts and plastids, these results prompted us to re-evaluate the importance of the contribution of chloroplasts/photosynthesis to fruit development and ripening. PMID:24723405

Cocaliadis, Maria Florencia; Fernández-Muñoz, Rafael; Pons, Clara; Orzaez, Diego; Granell, Antonio

2014-08-01

402

New Partnerships for Learning: teachers’ perspectives on their developing professional relationships with teaching assistants in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over recent decades there has been pressure on schools and teachers, in England, to transform teachers’ working practice by advocating an improved role for teaching assistants. In reforming the workforce, the government also intended to support schools in building the momentum for change, whilst raising standards of pupil achievement and enhancing the quality of teaching and learning. After briefly outlining

Dorothy Bedford; Coleen R. Jackson; Elizabeth Wilson

2008-01-01

403

Dual-energy contrast-enhanced breast tomosynthesis: optimization of beam quality for dose and image quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dual-energy contrast-enhanced breast tomosynthesis is a promising technique to obtain three-dimensional functional information from the breast with high resolution and speed. To optimize this new method, this study searched for the beam quality that maximized image quality in terms of mass detection performance. A digital tomosynthesis system was modeled using a fast ray-tracing algorithm, which created simulated projection images by tracking photons through a voxelized anatomical breast phantom containing iodinated lesions. The single-energy images were combined into dual-energy images through a weighted log subtraction process. The weighting factor was optimized to minimize anatomical noise, while the dose distribution was chosen to minimize quantum noise. The dual-energy images were analyzed for the signal difference to noise ratio (SdNR) of iodinated masses. The fast ray-tracing explored 523 776 dual-energy combinations to identify which yields optimum mass SdNR. The ray-tracing results were verified using a Monte Carlo model for a breast tomosynthesis system with a selenium-based flat-panel detector. The projection images from our voxelized breast phantom were obtained at a constant total glandular dose. The projections were combined using weighted log subtraction and reconstructed using commercial reconstruction software. The lesion SdNR was measured in the central reconstructed slice. The SdNR performance varied markedly across the kVp and filtration space. Ray-tracing results indicated that the mass SdNR was maximized with a high-energy tungsten beam at 49 kVp with 92.5 µm of copper filtration and a low-energy tungsten beam at 49 kVp with 95 µm of tin filtration. This result was consistent with Monte Carlo findings. This mammographic technique led to a mass SdNR of 0.92 ± 0.03 in the projections and 3.68 ± 0.19 in the reconstructed slices. These values were markedly higher than those for non-optimized techniques. Our findings indicate that dual-energy breast tomosynthesis can be performed optimally at 49 kVp with alternative copper and tin filters, with reconstruction following weighted subtraction. The optimum technique provides best visibility of iodine against structured breast background in dual-energy contrast-enhanced breast tomosynthesis.

Samei, Ehsan; Saunders, Robert S., Jr.

2011-10-01

404

Dual-Energy Contrast-Enhanced Breast Tomosynthesis: Optimization of Beam Quality for Dose and Image Quality  

PubMed Central

Dual-energy contrast-enhanced breast tomosynthesis is a promising technique to obtain three-dimensional functional information from the breast with high resolution and speed. To optimize this new method, this study searched for the beam quality that maximized image quality in terms of mass detection performance. A digital tomosynthesis system was modeled using a fast ray-tracing algorithm, which created simulated projection images by tracking photons through a voxelized anatomical breast phantom containing iodinated lesions. The single-energy images were combined into dual-energy images through a weighted log subtraction process. The weighting factor was optimized to minimize anatomical noise, while the dose distribution was chosen to minimize quantum noise. The dual-energy images were analyzed for the signal difference to noise ratio (SdNR) of iodinated masses. The fast ray-tracing explored 523,776 dual-energy combinations to identify which yields optimum mass SdNR. The ray-tracing results were verified using a Monte Carlo model for a breast tomosynthesis system with a selenium-based flat-panel detector. The projection images from our voxelized breast phantom were obtained at a constant total glandular dose. The projections were combined using weighted log subtraction and reconstructed using commercial reconstruction software. The lesion SdNR was measured in the central reconstructed slice. The SdNR performance varied markedly across the kVp and filtration space. Ray-tracing results indicated that the mass SdNR was maximized with a high-energy tungsten beam at 49 kVp with 92.5 ?m of copper filtration and a low-energy tungsten beam at 49 kVp with 95 ?m of tin filtration. This result was consistent with Monte Carlo findings. This mammographic technique led to a mass SdNR of 0.92 ± 0.03 in the projections and 3.68 ± 0.19 in the reconstructed slices. These values were markedly higher than those for non-optimized techniques. Our findings indicate that dual-energy breast tomosynthesis can be performed optimally at 49 kVp with alternative copper and tin filters, with reconstruction following weighted subtraction. The optimum technique provides best visibility of iodine against structured breast background in dual-energy contrast-enhanced breast tomosynthesis. PMID:21908902

Samei, Ehsan; Saunders, Robert S.

2014-01-01

405

Comparing Beginning Teachers' Instructional Quality Growth on Subject-Specific and Global Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observation measures of instructional quality tend to fall into two broad categories--those for use across subject areas and those intended for use in specific subject areas. The move toward content-specific measures is a result of research suggesting that effective teaching looks different across subject areas and that both content knowledge and…

Neergaard, Laura; Smith, Tom

2012-01-01

406

No Teacher Left Behind: Results of a Five-Year Study of Teacher Attrition  

Microsoft Academic Search

No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation has left many administrators in high need schools scrambling to fill classrooms with “quality teachers” as defined by NCLB. However, redefining “quality teachers” to allow recruitment of inexperienced and under prepared individuals will decrease teacher quality and result in an ever-growing population of preretirement teachers. Any plan to reduce the teacher shortage must also

Pamela Harrell; Alexandra Leavell; Frances van Tassel; Kerry McKee

2004-01-01

407

The challenges of staffing urban schools with effective teachers.  

PubMed

Brian Jacob examines challenges faced by urban districts in staffing their schools with effective teachers. He emphasizes that the problem is far from uniform. Teacher shortages are more severe in certain subjects and grades than others, and differ dramatically from one school to another. The Chicago public schools, for example, regularly receive roughly ten applicants for each teaching position. But many applicants are interested in specific schools, and district officials struggle to find candidates for highly impoverished schools. Urban districts' difficulty in attracting and hiring teachers, says Jacob, means that urban teachers are less highly qualified than their suburban counterparts with respect to characteristics such as experience, educational background, and teaching certification. But they may not thus be less effective teachers. Jacob cites recent studies that have found that many teacher characteristics bear surprisingly little relationship to student outcomes. Policies to enhance teacher quality must thus be evaluated in terms of their effect on student achievement, not in terms of conventional teacher characteristics. Jacob then discusses how supply and demand contribute to urban teacher shortages. Supply factors involve wages, working conditions, and geographic proximity between teacher candidates and schools. Urban districts have tried various strategies to increase the supply of teacher candidates (including salary increases and targeted bonuses) and to improve retention rates (including mentoring programs). But there is little rigorous research evidence on the effectiveness of these strategies. Demand also has a role in urban teacher shortages. Administrators in urban schools may not recognize or value high-quality teachers. Human resource departments restrict district officials from making job offers until late in the hiring season, after many candidates have accepted positions elsewhere. Jacob argues that urban districts must improve hiring practices and also reevaluate policies for teacher tenure so that ineffective teachers can be dismissed. PMID:17407926

Jacob, Brian A

2007-01-01

408

Application research on enhancing near-infrared micro-imaging quality by 2nd derivative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Near-infrared micro-imaging will not only provide the sample's spatial distribution information, but also the spectroscopic information of each pixel. In this thesis, it took the artificial sample of wheat flour and formaldehyde sodium sulfoxylate distribution given for example to research the data processing method for enhancing the quality of near-infrared micro-imaging. Near-infrared spectroscopic feature of wheat flour and formaldehyde sodium sulfoxylate being studied on, compare correlation imaging and 2nd derivative imaging were applied in the imaging processing of the near-infrared micro-image of the artificial sample. Furthermore, the two methods were combined, i.e. 2nd derivative compare correlation imaging was acquired. The result indicated that the difference of the correlation coefficients between the two substances, i.e. wheat flour and formaldehyde sodium sulfoxylate, and the reference spectrum has been increased from 0.001 in compare correlation image to 0.796 in 2nd derivative compare correlation image respectively, which enhances the imaging quality efficiently. This study will, to some extent, be of important reference significance to near-infrared micro-imaging method research of agricultural products and foods.

Wang, Dong; Ma, Zhi-hong; Zhao, Liu; Wang, Bei-hong; Han, Ping; Pan, Li-gang; Wang, Ji-hua

2013-08-01

409

Earth Science Enterprise: Teacher Guides (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) website provides downloadable instructor guides for teaching Earth and space sciences in K-12 classrooms. Looking at Earth from Space is a middle to high school level guide, which provides details and activities for using satellite imagery to enhance science education. Topics covered in this guide include weather and weather patterns, wave motion and circulation, jet streams, fronts, clouds, hurricanes and more. An accompanying glossary contains illustrations and formulas. Our Mission to Planet Earth is intended for younger students and familiarizes children with the concept of cycles and how humans can change their environment. The topics covered in these activities include the water cycle, greenhouse effect, energy, systems, modeling and satellites.

410

Wheat grain quality under enhanced tropospheric CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} concentrations  

SciTech Connect

It is expected that the progressive increase of tropospheric trace gases such as CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} will have a significant impact on agricultural production. The single and combined effects of CO{sub 2} enrichment and tropospheric O{sub 3} on grain quality characteristics in soft red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were examined in field studies using 3 m in diam. open-top chambers. Wheat cultivars {open_quotes}Massey{close_quotes} (1991) and {open_quotes}Saluda{close_quotes} (1992) were exposed to two CO{sub 2} concentrations (350 vs. 500 {mu}mol CO{sub 2} mol{sup {minus}1}; 12 h d{sup {minus}1}) in combination with two O{sub 3} regimes (charcoal-filtered air vs. ambient air + 40 {plus_minus} 20 nmol O{sub 3} mol{sup {minus}1}, 7 h d{sup {minus}1}; Monday to Friday) from late March until maturity in June. Grain quality characteristics investigated included: test weight, milling and baking quality, flour yield, protein content, softness equivalent, alkaline water retention capacity, and cookie diameter. In general, exposure of plants to either elevated CO{sub 2} or weekly chronic O{sub 3} episodes caused only small changes in grain quality. Milling and baking quality score were not significantly changed in response to treatments in both years. Flour yield was increased by elevated CO{sub 2} but this increase was counteracted when elevated CO{sub 2} was combined with chronic O{sub 3} exposure. Flour protein contents were increased by enhanced O{sub 3} under elevated CO{sub 2}. Although the single effect of either CO{sub 2} enrichment or chronic O{sub 3} exposure had some impact o grain quality characteristics, it was noted that the combined effect of these gases was minor. It is likely that the concomitant increase of CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} in the troposphere will have no significant impact on wheat grain quality. 25 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Rudorff, B.F.T. [National Space Research Inst., Sao Jose dos Campos (Brazil); Mulchi, C.L. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Fenny, P. [USDA-ARS Soft Wheat Quality Lab., Wooster, OH (United States)] [and others

1996-11-01

411

Strategies to enhance price and quality competition in health care: lessons learned from tracking local markets.  

PubMed

Drawing on observations from tracking changes in local health care markets over the past ten years, this article critiques two Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice recommendations to enhance price and quality competition. First, we take issue with the notion that consumers, acting independently, will drive greater competition in health care markets. Rather we suggest an important role remains for trusted agents who can analyze inherently complex price and quality information and negotiate on consumers' behalf. With aggregated information identifying providers who deliver cost-effective care, consumers would be better positioned to respond to financial incentives about where to seek care and thereby drive more meaningful competition among providers to reduce costs and improve quality. Second, we take issue with the FTC/DOJ recommendation to provide more direct subsidies to prevent distortions in competition. In the current political environment, it is not practical to provide direct subsidies for all of the unfunded care that exists in health care markets today; instead, some interference with competition may be necessary to protect cross subsidies. Barriers can be reduced, though, by revising pricing policies that have resulted in marked disparities in the relative profitability of different services. PMID:16785297

Lesser, Cara S; Ginsburg, Paul B

2006-06-01

412

Extruded flaxseed meal enhances the nutritional quality of cereal-based products.  

PubMed

Human consumption of flaxseed is increasing due to its health benefit properties and extrusion processes can enhance its nutritional quality. Extruded flaxseed meal (EFM) obtained in a pilot plant was characterized and incorporated in flour mixes and cereal-based bars to demonstrate its nutritious usefulness. Amino acid content was not affected by extrusion and, despite lysine was the limitating amino acid, the chemical score (CS) was 83 %. Thiamin and riboflavin decreased slightly as consequence of extrusion, phytic acid did not change and trypsin inhibitor activity was undetectable. Proximate composition and nutritional quality determined by biological and chemical indexes were compared among EFM, flour mixes (FM) and cereal bars (CB). They presented high protein levels (26, 20 and 17 %, respectively), good biological value (BV) (80, 79 and 65, respectively), acceptable true protein digestibility (TD) (73, 79 and 78, respectively), and high dietary fiber (33, 20.5 and 18 %, respectively). The ratio of ?6:?3 for CB was within the WHO/FAO recommendations. These results open a new venue for the usefulsess of nutritious/healthy extruded flaxseed flours into ready-to-eat cereal-based products with improved nutritional quality. PMID:23640296

Giacomino, S; Peñas, E; Ferreyra, V; Pellegrino, N; Fournier, M; Apro, N; Carrión, M Olivera; Frias, J

2013-06-01

413

A proactive classroom management model to enhance self-efficacy levels in teachers of adolescents who display disruptive behaviors.  

PubMed

The aims of this project were to determine teachers' self-efficacy levels at baseline and after participating in a proactive classroom management model intervention. Teachers (N = 26) were recruited from a rural middle school in a south central state. Data required for analysis were drawn from the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (long form). A statistically significant difference (t[25] = 7.68, p < 0.001) was noted in teachers' self-efficacy levels from pre- to post-intervention. Findings support the need for proactive classroom management training for teachers as well as the need for psychiatric and mental health nurse consultants within the school system. Teacher classroom management strategies should also include appropriate response to individual student's needs, effective communication, and insight regarding the behaviors of students from diverse backgrounds. PMID:24102838

Pace, Rolanda T; Boykins, Anita D; Davis, Sheila P

2014-02-01

414

Avoiding a bad apple: Insect pollination enhances fruit quality and economic value?  

PubMed Central

Insect pollination is important for food production globally and apples are one of the major fruit crops which are reliant on this ecosystem service. It is fundamentally important that the full range of benefits of insect pollination to crop production are understood, if the costs of interventions aiming to enhance pollination are to be compared against the costs of the interventions themselves. Most previous studies have simply assessed the benefits of pollination to crop yield and ignored quality benefits and how these translate through to economic values. In the present study we examine the influence of insect pollination services on farmgate output of two important UK apple varieties; Gala and Cox. Using field experiments, we quantify the influence of insect pollination on yield and importantly quality and whether either may be limited by sub-optimal insect pollination. Using an expanded bioeconomic model we value insect pollination to UK apple production and establish the potential for improvement through pollination service management. We show that insects are essential in the production of both varieties of apple in the UK and contribute a total of £36.7 million per annum, over £6 million more than the value calculated using more conventional dependence ratio methods. Insect pollination not only affects the quantity of production but can also have marked impacts on the quality of apples, influencing size, shape and effecting their classification for market. These effects are variety specific however. Due to the influence of pollination on both yield and quality in Gala, there is potential for insect pollination services to improve UK output by up to £5.7 million per annum. Our research shows that continued pollinator decline could have serious financial implications for the apple industry but there is considerable scope through management of wild pollinators or using managed pollinator augmentation, to improve the quality of production. Furthermore, we show that it is critically important to consider all production parameters including quality, varietal differences and management costs when valuing the pollination service of any crop so investment in pollinator management can be proportional to its contribution. PMID:24748698

Garratt, M.P.D.; Breeze, T.D.; Jenner, N.; Polce, C.; Biesmeijer, J.C.; Potts, S.G.

2014-01-01

415

How does the concentration of iodine in enhancing lesions relate to image quality in head CT?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Patients undergoing head CT examinations with iodinated contrast received 100 cc of Iohexol 240 injected intravenously by hand. We developed a software package to align non-contrast and contrast head CT images, and obtain the "difference image" consisting of the iodine enhancement within a given lesion. This "difference image" of the iodine enhancement was added to the non-contrast study at reduced intensities. The signal to noise ratio (SNR) for detecting the added iodine was taken to be directly proportional to the concentration of contrast in the lesion. The visibility of the lesion enhancement in this composite image was compared with the original contrast image using a six-point scale ranging from 5 (no observable difference) to 0 (unacceptable). Two radiologists evaluated head CT images of eleven metastatic lesions. The iodine concentration required to generate an image quality rank of 3, deemed to be satisfactory for diagnosis (S), was determined. We also performed a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) study to identify the iodine concentration corresponding to an area under the ROC curve of 0.95, which corresponds to the detection threshold (D) for each lesion. Reducing the intensity to 50% resulted in an average image qualtiy score S of 3, suggesting that it may be possible to reduce the administered iodine by a half in head CT examinations with no significant loss of diagnostic performance. The average iodine concentration at the detection threshold D was 16%. The average S:D ratio was 3.8 +/- 1.7, and was similar for both readers. The value of S was independent of enhancement characteristics, whereas the detection threshold D correlated inversely with the size and intensity of the iodine enhancement. The resultant S:D ratio correlated with the lesion area (r2 = 0.31), mean lesion intensity (r2 = 0.44), and the product of the mean lesion intensity and the lesion area (r2 = 0.37). Our results indicate that the SNR of enhancing lesions in head CT that is needed to satisfy radiologists is about a factor of four greater than the SNR required for iodine detection.

Fischman, Aaron M.; Dixon, Robert G.; Huda, Walter; Ogden, Kent M.; Lieberman, Kristin A.; Roskopf, Marsha L.

2004-05-01

416

Projecting State-Level Teacher Supply and Demand: Improving an Imperfect Science To Enhance Policy Decision-Making.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the issues underlying teacher supply and demand as they apply to Connecticut public schools. The first section, "Refining the Model for Estimating State-Level Public School Educator Demand," looks at: the demand model; enrollment projections; teacher attrition; unfilled positions; migration between assignment areas and…

Beaudin, Barbara Q.; Thompson, Judith S.; Prowda, Peter M.

417

The Development Model of Knowledge Management via Web-Based Learning to Enhance Pre-Service Teacher's Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores that the model of knowledge management and web technology for teachers' professional development as well as its impact in the classroom on learning and teaching, especially in pre-service teacher's competency and practices that refer to knowledge creating, analyzing, nurturing, disseminating, and optimizing process as part…

Rampai, Nattaphon; Sopeerak, Saroch

2011-01-01

418

Site-Based Teacher Education for Enhanced Community Knowledge and Culture: Creating the Conditions for "Philosophical Project Knowledge"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher education is in a state of uncertainty around the world including the more wealthy and less wealthy countries. If it is generally accepted that teacher education can make a difference in the educational lives of all students regardless of cultural and educational background, then how exactly to arrange the detail of schooling is not. Under…

Arnold, J.; Edwards, T.; Hooley, N.; Williams, J.

2013-01-01

419

Positioning people with intellectual disabilities as the experts: enhancing pre-service teachers’ competencies in teaching for diversity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for graduate teachers to own their professional responsibilities to engage successfully with students with special educational needs (SENs) in mainstream classrooms has been recognised in educational policies and programmes in many countries for well over two decades. Despite wide-ranging research, questions remain as to how pre-service education courses can help beginning teachers to develop the required commitment, knowledge

Jo Raphael; Andrea C. Allard

2012-01-01

420

Do Blended Virtual Learning Communities Enhance Teachers' Professional Development More than Purely Virtual Ones? A Large Scale Empirical Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines whether a mixture of virtual and real-life interaction--in contrast to purely virtual interaction--among some members of online communities for teachers is beneficial for all teachers' professional development in the whole community. Earlier research indicated that blended communities tend to face fewer trust and free rider…

Matzat, U.

2013-01-01

421

[Improvement of angina, quality of life, and working capacity after enhanced external counterpulsation].  

PubMed

This case report describes a 43 year-old woman who had had 15 hospital admissions in six years due to chest pain. Repeated coronary angiography showed no significant stenoses, but myocardial scintigraphy revealed reversible ischaemia. In spite of optimal medical treatment, she was in Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) class 3 with a poor quality of life (QoL). After a course of enhanced external counterpulsation the CCS class was reduced to 1, and QoL was significantly improved and remained high for the following three years, resulting in only one hospital admission due to chest pain. The case illustrates that EECP is an efficient therapy for angina pectoris in patients, who are not amenable for invasive procedures. PMID:23331940

Tarpgaard Jørgensen, Maren; May, Ole

2013-01-14

422

Grading Teachers' Grading Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes guidelines for principals attempting to evaluate teachers' grading policies. Principals should understand teachers' perspectives, ask for copies of their grading policies, be wary of traits (like "effort") not measuring achievement, consider grading information quality, think about homework's role, expect teachers to use numbers and…

Friedman, Stephen J.

1998-01-01

423

Voices from the Classroom. Students and Teachers Speak Out on the Quality of Teaching in Our Schools. A Report of the Students for Quality Teaching Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based upon the views and opinions of 2,670 students and 137 teachers in high schools and middle schools in four school districts in California. Quotes from students and teachers are used as illustrations, and as reminders of the human dimension to the schools' problems and successes. The report is divided into sections representing…

Olsen, Laurie; Moore, Melinda

424

Chicken manure enhanced yield and quality of field-grown kale and collard greens.  

PubMed

Organic matter and nutrients in municipal sewage sludge (SS) and chicken manure (CM) could be recycled and used for land farming to enhance fertility and physical properties of soils. Three soil management practices were used at Kentucky State University Research Farm, Franklin County, to study the impact of soil amendments on kale (Brassica oleracea cv. Winterbar) and collard (Brassica oleracea cv. Top Bunch) yields and quality. The three soil management practices were: (i) SS mixed with native soil at 15 t acre(-1), (ii) CM mixed with native soil at 15 t acre(-1), and (iii) no-mulch (NM) native soil for comparison purposes. At harvest, collard and kale green plants were graded according to USDA standards. Plants grown in CM and SS amended soil produced the greatest number of U.S. No. 1 grade of collard and kale greens compared to NM native soil. Across all treatments, concentrations of ascorbic acid and phenols were generally greater in kale than in collards. Overall, CM and SS enhanced total phenols and ascorbic acid contents of kale and collard compared to NM native soil. We investigated the chemical and physical properties of each of the three soil treatments that might explain variability among treatments and the impact of soil amendments on yield, phenols, and ascorbic acid contents of kale and collard green grown under this practice. PMID:24502217

Antonious, George F; Turley, Eric T; Hill, Regina R; Snyder, John C

2014-01-01

425

The Hangover: Thinking about the Unintended Consequences of the Nation's Teacher Evaluation Binge. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past three years, more than 20 US states have passed legislation establishing new teacher evaluation requirements and systems, and even more have committed to do so in Race to the Top or Elementary and Secondary Education Act Flexibility Waiver applications. These new evaluation systems have real potential to foster a more…

Mead, Sara; Rotherham, Andrew; Brown, Rachael

2012-01-01

426

The Role of Teacher Quality in Retention and Hiring: Using Applications-to-Transfer to Uncover Preferences of Teachers and Schools. NBER Working Paper No. 15966  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many large urban school districts are rethinking their personnel management strategies, often giving increased control to schools in the hiring of teachers, reducing, for example, the importance of seniority. If school hiring authorities are able to make good decisions about whom to hire, these reforms have the potential to benefit schools and…

Boyd, Donald; Lankford, Hamilton; Loeb, Susanna; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Wyckoff, James

2010-01-01

427

Teacher Retention and Attrition: Views of Early Career Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The provision and maintenance of quality teachers is a matter of priority for the profession. Moreover, teacher attrition is costly to the profession, to the community and to those teachers who leave feeling disillusioned. There is a need to investigate the experiences of early career teachers to consider how these issues contribute to decisions…

Buchanan, John; Prescott, Anne; Schuck, Sandra; Aubusson, Peter; Burke, Paul; Louviere, Jordan

2013-01-01

428

Quality Assurance of Pre-collegiate Teachers and The Role of School-based In-service Training in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. A historical overview of initial teacher education in Japan. The modern era of Initial Teacher Education (ITE) in Japan began in 1872 with the establishment of the first normal school in Tokyo. 1886 saw the enactment of the new Normal School Law that divided normal schools into ordinary normal schools and higher normal schools. It was the role of

Hideki YONEKAWA; Eiji MORITA

429

Where You Come from or Where You Go? Distinguishing between School Quality and the Effectiveness of Teacher Preparation Program Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We consider the challenges and implications of controlling for school contextual bias when modeling teacher preparation program effects. Because teachers are not randomly distributed across schools, failing to account for contextual factors in achievement models could bias preparation program estimates. Including school fixed effects controls for…

Mihaly, Kata; McCaffrey, Daniel; Sass, Tim R.; Lockwood, J. R.

2013-01-01

430

What Should Teacher Educators Know and Be Able to Do? Perspectives from Practicing Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Commonsense reasoning says that quality teacher education relies on quality teacher educators. Yet, there is minimal attention to what teacher educators should know and be able to do. Unquestionably, teacher educators cannot teach what they do not know; but what "should" they know, and should they be prepared? This study of 293 teacher

Goodwin, A. Lin; Smith, Laura; Souto-Manning, Mariana; Cheruvu, Ranita; Tan, Mei Ying; Reed, Rebecca; Taveras, Lauren

2014-01-01

431

Teachers' theories in grammar teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers how research into teachers' theories in English lan- guage teaching (ELT) can enhance our understanding of instruction, and provide the basis of effective teacher development (TD) work. The nature of teachers' theories is illustrated with examples from classroom research on grammar teaching. A TD strategy through which teachers examine the theories underlying their own work in teaching

Simon Borg

1999-01-01

432

Teachers' conceptions of the nature of science: Analyzing the impact of a teacher enhancement program in changing attitudes and perceptions of science and scientific research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a residential science research experience in changing participants' attitudes and understanding of the nature of science and their view of themselves as science researchers. Data from interviews, journal writings, classroom observations and two pre-post instruments were used in the evaluation plan. As participants of this study, 16 inservice teachers (K--16) attended a two-week residential institute at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Green Bank, West Virginia. The format of the institute featured a scientific research experience designed to arm its participants with the skills needed to model their classroom teaching after scientific research. The program included lessons on the fundamentals of radio astronomy, science talks and interactions with practicing scientists, in-depth tours of the NRAO facilities, and pedagogical instruction for implementing research in the classroom. The WVU College of Education staff and the NRAO staff stressed the importance of the nature of the research experience offered to these teachers. In the Education Sessions the WVU science education staff guided participants through the steps required to turn their experience around, in order to develop student research projects for their classrooms. The results from the Research Self Assessment instrument show significant gains for all participants in being more comfortable doing research. For the Nature of Science and Science Teaching instrument there were only three items that showed significant gains for all participants both in understanding the nature of science and in their views on implementing the Green Bank constructivist learning philosophy. The women, especially the elementary teacher group, showed the greatest change in their understanding of the nature of science as reflected in the interviews as well as in their personal journals. The seven men, who were all in the secondary field, made no significant gains in this area. Their definition of the nature of science was clearly defined as a postpositivist or contemporary view (Palinquist and Finley, 1997) from the beginning. Of the 14 teachers who were observed implementing student research projects in their classrooms, nine of the participants came close to representing the Green Bank model.

Govett, Aimee Lee

433

Neonatal intensive care nursery staff perceive enhanced workplace quality with the single-family room design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To compare perceived workplace quality in an open-bay neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and a single-family room (SFR) NICU.Study Design:Prospective non-randomized, non-controlled cohort study.Result:Staff workplace quality perceptions assessed included the following: the quality of being a Sanford Health System employee (NS—not significant), the quality of the NICU physical work environment, the quality of NICU patient care, the job quality in

D C Stevens; C C Helseth; M A Khan; D P Munson; T J Smith

2010-01-01

434

Efficacy of Flaxseed Flour as Bind Enhancing Agent on the Quality of Extended Restructured Mutton Chops  

PubMed Central

Consumers have become very conscious about their nutrition and well being due to changes in their socio-economic lifestyle and rapid urbanization. Therefore, development of technology for production of low cost and functional meat products is urgently required. One such approach is innovative restructuring technology in which binding of meat pieces still remains the main challenge and extension of product is generally associated with poor binding and texture. Thus, the present study was envisaged as an attempt to solve this problem by the incorporation of flaxseed flour (FF) as bind enhancing agent. The FF was used at three different levels viz., 0.5%, 1%, and 1.5% to replace lean meat in pre-standardized restructured mutton chops formulation. The products were subjected to analysis for physico-chemical, sensory and textural properties. Cooking yield, moisture percentage and fat percentage increased with increase in the level of incorporation of FF, however, protein percent and pH decreased with increase in the level of incorporation. Shear force value of product incorporated with 1.5% FF was significantly higher (p<0.01) than control and product containing 0.5% FF level. Among the sensory attributes, product with 1% flaxseed flour showed significantly higher values (p<0.05) for general appearance, binding, texture and overall acceptability. Hardness showed significant increasing (p<0.01) values with increasing levels of incorporation of flaxseed flour, however all other parameters of texture profile analysis showed a decreasing trend. On the basis of sensory scores and physico-chemical properties, the optimum incorporation level of FF was adjudged as 1%. Products incorporated with optimum level of flaxseed flour (1%) were also assessed for water activity and microbiological quality during the storage period of 15 days. It was found that the extended restructured product could be safely stored under refrigeration (4°C±1°C) in low density polyethylene (LDPE) pouches for 15 days without marked deterioration in sensory and microbiological quality. Thus, it was concluded that flaxseed flour can be used as a good bind enhancing agent in extended restructured meat products at an economic cost. PMID:25049949

Sharma, Heena; Sharma, Brahma Deo; Mendiratta, S. K.; Talukder, Suman; Ramasamy, Giriprasad

2014-01-01

435

Using immersion in a musical virtual space environment to enhance quality of body movement in young adults with hemiparesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the application of musical virtual space environments in the rehabilitation of individuals with motor disabilities. It is contended that the use of such environments has the potential of enhancing performance through engagement of the person in meaningful and functional activities. Our study describes and evaluates the use of a musical virtual space to increase the quality

P Lopes-dos-Santos; A Nanim; H Fernandes; J Levi

2008-01-01

436

Quality?enhancing interventions for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities: A review of the empirical research literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background This study provides an overview of empirical research on the effectiveness of quality-enhancing interventions for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). Method Through computerised searches of the PsycINFO and ERIC databases, and using several search criteria specifically relating to the target group and to the subject of this review, 16 studies were identified. Results The interventions described

Bea Maes; Greet Lambrechts; Ine Hostyn; Katja Petry

2007-01-01

437

ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODELS QUAL2E AND QUAL2E-UNCAS: DOCUMENTATION AND USER MANUAL  

EPA Science Inventory

The manual is a major revision of the original QUAL2E program documentation released in 1985. It includes a description of the recent modifications and improvements to the widely used water quality models QUAL-II and QUAL2E. The enhancements include an extensive capability for un...

438

Teaching Teachers: How Teacher Educators View the Curriculum of Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to learn what teacher educators think is important in forming our future teaching force. This study showed that most teacher educators feel they have quality programs. Teacher educators believed their programs prepare graduates well for their first year of teaching. They felt most programs are of quality in the state…

Biggs, Amy M. Kempton

2010-01-01

439

Do female garter snakes evade males to avoid harassment or to enhance mate quality?  

PubMed

Females of many species behave in ways that make it difficult for males to locate, court, and inseminate them. Two hypotheses have been advanced to explain such behavior: either a female thereby minimizes costs of harassment (sexual conflict model) or by playing "hard to get" she discourages inferior suitors (indirect mate choice model). Our studies of garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis) at a communal den in Manitoba support an interpretation of sexual conflict rather than indirect mate choice. Female snakes dispersed rapidly from the den through areas with relatively few males rather than waiting for additional courtship. Many females dispersed without mating. Experimental (pheromonal) manipulation of the intensity of courtship accelerated rates of female dispersal rather than delaying dispersal, as would be predicted if females wait to obtain matings. The behaviors of females escaping from courting groups were maximally effective in losing their suitors regardless of the number of courting males or whether or not the female was capable of mating (recently mated females cannot mate again because of a mating plug). In total, our data are most consistent with the hypothesis that female garter snakes at communal dens evade males to escape harassment rather than to enhance mate quality. PMID:15937746

Shine, Richard; Wall, Michael; Langkilde, Tracy; Mason, Robert T

2005-06-01

440

Investigation of an amorphous silicon EPID for measurement and quality assurance of enhanced dynamic wedge.  

PubMed

This work assessed the dosimetric performance of an amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging device (EPID) for measurement and quality assurance of enhanced dynamic wedge (EDW) profile and wedge factor. EPID measurements of EDW profiles were corrected for pixel sensitivity variation and spectral over-response relative to ion chamber and compared to ion-chamber and diode-array measurements. The dependence of EPID measurements on wedge direction and source to EPID distance was assessed. The long-term stability was investigated by weekly measurement of EDW profiles and wedge factors over a seven month interval. An empirical correction method was developed to improve EPID profile agreement with diode-array measurements. The EPID profiles differed from conventional measurements by up to 5%. Backscatter from the EPID housing was also found to affect measurements by up to 4%, resulting in changes in EPID measured profile with the direction of the moving jaw and source to EPID distance. EPID profile measurements varied by a maximum of 0.3% (1 SD) within the umbra, and wedge factors varied by 0.3% (1 SD) over the seven month interval. The correction function improved agreement between EPID and diode array to within 2% for all wedge angles and energies. Due to the ease of use and reproducibility of the EPID-measured EDW profiles the device is highly suited to regular measurement of EDW. PMID:17264371

Greer, Peter B; Barnes, Michael P

2007-02-21

441

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Alaska  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

442

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Connecticut  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

443

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Ohio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

444

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Colorado  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

445

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

446

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. North Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

447

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Nebraska  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

448

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Nevada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

449

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Missouri  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

450

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. North Dakota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

451

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

452

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Montana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

453

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Minnesota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

454

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. South Dakota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

455

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

456

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Iowa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

457

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Idaho  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

458

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

459

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Michigan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

460

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Delaware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

461

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Louisiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

462

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Illinois  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

463

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. New Jersey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

464

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

465

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Wyoming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

466

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Vermont  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

467

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

468

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Florida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

469

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Maryland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

470

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Rhode Island  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

471

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Wisconsin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

472

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

473

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

474

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. New Hampshire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

475

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Hawaii  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

476

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Kansas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

477

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Indiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

478

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Pennsylvania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

479

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. New York  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

480

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Arkansas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

481

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

482

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Oregon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

483

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Massachusetts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

484

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Maine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

485

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Kentucky  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

486

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

487

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. West Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

488

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Mississippi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

489

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Utah  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

490

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. New Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

491

Pre-Service Teachers' Exposure to Using the History of Mathematics to Enhance Their Teaching of High School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of mathematics is an important component in the learning of mathematics. This study examines how pre-service teachers view the role of history of mathematics in the high school curriculum. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used. Results showed significant changes in beliefs about how the history of mathematics should be…

Burns, Barbara A.

2010-01-01

492

Collaborative Literacy Work in a High School: Enhancing Teacher Capacity for English Learner Instruction in the Mainstream  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more English learners (ELs) are included in mainstream content classrooms at the secondary level, the need to understand how teachers collaborate to meet the particular instructional needs of ELs is essential. This paper presents findings from a qualitative case study that investigated the collaborative work that engaged a group of literacy…

Russell, Felice Atesoglu

2014-01-01

493

We Teach as We Are Taught: Exploring the Potential for Emotional Climate to Enhance Elementary Science Preservice Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bellocchi, Ritchie, Tobin, Sandhu and Sandhu's (2013) study highlights the crucial role that emotions play in learning at the university level in a preservice secondary science teacher education class. They examine the classroom structures that tended to lead to both a positive valence and a high level of intensity of the emotional climate…

Olitsky, Stacy

2013-01-01

494

Contextual Teaching and Learning: Preparing Teachers to Enhance Student Success in the Workplace and Beyond. Information Series No. 376.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers in this volume outline a vision for teacher education based on the concept of contextual teaching, defined as teaching that enables learning in a variety of in- and out-of-school contexts to solve simulated or real-world problems. They are based on the realization that the construction of knowledge is situated within, and greatly…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.

495

Technology to Enhance Mathematics and Science Instruction: Changes in Teacher Perceptions after Participating in a Yearlong Professional Development Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which teachers of mathematics or science who were engaged in a year-long initiative to help them integrate technological tools were (a) familiar with generic and mathematics- or science-specific technology, (b) comfortable integrating generic and content-specific technology, (c) believe that…

Kersaint, Gladis; Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Liu, Feng

2014-01-01

496

The Changed Brain: Teacher Awareness of Traumatic Brain Injury and Instruction Methods to Enhance Cognitive Processing in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has come to subjugate and exert its authority on education as some survivors re-enter the academic arena. A key component of a TBI student's academic success is dependent upon a teacher's awareness of the TBI learner and a willingness to modify curriculum to promote the uniqueness of the changed brain and therefore,…

Stahl, Judith M.

2008-01-01

497

Enhancing Ethnic Diversity at a Big Ten University Through Project TEAM: A Case Study in Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Transformative Educational Achievement Model (TEAM) is an instructional initiative designed to increase the number of students from underrepresented minorities at Indiana University who enter a teacher education program (P–12), complete their baccalaureate degree, and obtain teaching licensure in Indiana. A conceptual framework based on theories of campus climate and integrated pluralism, ethnic identity development, and teaching for social justice

Christine I. Bennett

2002-01-01

498

Low Pay, Low Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that schools are paying low salaries for low-quality teachers when they would prefer high-quality teachers--as in the past when teaching was one of the few professions open to talented women. Higher salaries will attract high-quality teachers and thus improve education, but only if salary increase are tied to higher performance standards.…

Temin, Peter

2003-01-01

499

Using Social Media (Blog) in the Classroom: Reflecting Lecturer's Pedagogical Approach and Students (In-Service Teachers) Intrinsic Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand of responsibilities among teachers has evolved not only in classroom management but also to the extent of promoting communication and interpersonal skills. Social media is integrated in schools and higher learning institutions for communication and reflection of learning which enhance teachers' performance in leadership quality and…

Abulibdeh, Enas S.

2013-01-01

500

Teaching the content in context: Preparing "highly qualified" and "high quality" teachers for instruction in underserved secondary science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation research project presents the results of a longitudinal study that investigates the knowledge, beliefs, and practices of 13 preservice secondary science teachers participating in a science teacher credentialing/Masters program designed to integrate issues of equity and diversity throughout coursework and seminars. Results are presented in the form of three papers: The first paper describes changes in preservice teacher knowledge about contextualization in science instruction, where contextualization is defined as facilitating authentic connections between science learning and relevant personal, social, cultural, ecological, and political contexts of students in diverse secondary classrooms; the second paper relates changes in the self-efficacy and content-specific beliefs about science, science teaching, diversity, and diversity in science instruction; and the final paper communicates the experiences and abilities of four "social justice advocates" learning to contextualize science instruction in underserved secondary placement classrooms. Results indicate that secondary student teachers developed more sophisticated understandings of how to contextualize science instruction with a focus on promoting community engagement and social/environmental activism in underserved classrooms and how to integrate science content and diversity instruction through student-centered inquiry activities. Although most of the science teacher candidates developed more positive beliefs about teaching science in underrepresented classrooms, many teacher candidates still attributed their minority students' underperformance and a (perceived) lack of interest in school to family and cultural values. The "social justice advocates" in this study were able to successfully contextualize science instruction to varying degrees in underserved placement classrooms, though the most significant limitations on their practice were the contextual factors of their student teaching placements---in particular, the extent to which their cooperating teachers gave them the autonomy and planning time to design and implement their own activities and lessons. While the "integrated approach" to diversity and equity in science teacher education was, overall, successful in helping preservice teachers' move closer toward developing the beliefs, knowledge, and practices necessary for effective instruction in underserved classrooms, suggestions are given for increasing the effectiveness of the "integrated approach," particularly in the context of a one-year credentialing program.

Tolbert, Sara E.