Sample records for teacher quality enhancement

  1. 34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program? 611.1 Section...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions...definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program? The following...

  2. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

  3. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application? 611...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions...must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program...

  4. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application? 611...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions...must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program...

  5. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application? 611...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions...must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program...

  6. 34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application? 611...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions...must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program...

  7. Teacher Quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric A. Hanushek; Steven G. Rivkin

    Improving the quality of instruction is a central component to virtually all proposals to raise school quality. Unfortunately, policy recommendations often ignore existing evidence about teacher labor markets and the determinants of teacher effectiveness in the classroom. This chapter reviews research on teacher labor markets, the importance of teacher quality in the determination of student achievement, and the extent to

  8. Teacher salaries and teacher quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David N. Figlio

    1997-01-01

    Recently public schools have increased teacher salaries in an apparent effort to recruit higher quality teachers. This paper finds a significant relationship between teacher salaries and quality (measured by undergraduate college selectivity and subject matter expertise) within local teacher labor markets.

  9. Teachers’ Conceptions of Quality and Organisational Values in Higher Education: Compliance or Enhancement?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleijnen, Jan; Dolmans, Diana; Willems, Jos; Van Hout, Hans

    2013-01-01

    Teachers are often assumed to have a negative attitude towards quality endeavours of their institutions and to hold defensive organisational values. However, there is little empirical research on this issue. This study focuses on teachers' conceptions of quality, on their preferred organisational values and on the relationships between the two. A…

  10. Gains in Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Walch, Joe

    2014-01-01

    The quality of the teacher workforce in the United States is of considerable concern to education stakeholders and policymakers. Numerous studies show that student academic success depends in no small part on access to high-quality teachers. Many pundits point to the fact that in the United States, teachers tend not to be drawn from the top of the…

  11. Teacher Enhancement Institute

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Simmons, Ron W.

    1994-01-01

    In a team building, team teaching strategy with four faculty, can learning strategies such as educational technology and problem based learning be provided to forty local teachers of primary, elementary, and secondary students? The impetus for the effort is to provide information about science and engineering at NASA and motivate students to pursue careers in science and technology. Teachers, identified and selected through a rigorous application procedure, participated in a two week workshop for a graduate credit. Teachers were exposed to computer applications such as INTERNET, MOSAIC, Power Machintosh word processing, NASA scientists, and laboratory experiments. Teachers were evaluated on level and quality of their participation, design of teacher application materials and relevant lesson plans and presentations. The results show that teachers, regardless of preparation and background, can learn science and engineering applications and develop relevant materials to transfer information to their classroom. Follow-up during the academic year will show that teachers are successfully using materials.

  12. 34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...school where— (i) More than 34 percent of academic classroom teachers overall (across all academic subjects) do not...3) An LEA that serves a school whose attrition rate among classroom teachers was 15 percent or more over the last three...

  13. 34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...school where— (i) More than 34 percent of academic classroom teachers overall (across all academic subjects) do not...3) An LEA that serves a school whose attrition rate among classroom teachers was 15 percent or more over the last three...

  14. 34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...school where— (i) More than 34 percent of academic classroom teachers overall (across all academic subjects) do not...3) An LEA that serves a school whose attrition rate among classroom teachers was 15 percent or more over the last three...

  15. 34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...school where— (i) More than 34 percent of academic classroom teachers overall (across all academic subjects) do not...3) An LEA that serves a school whose attrition rate among classroom teachers was 15 percent or more over the last three...

  16. Enhancing practice Quality Enhancement Themes

    E-print Network

    Azzopardi, Leif

    Enhancing practice Quality Enhancement Themes: The First Year Experience Transforming assessment and feedback: enhancing integration and empowerment in the first year #12;© The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education 2009 ISBN 978 1 84482 901 9 All Enhancement Themes publications are also available

  17. Technology Enhanced Teacher Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teter, Richard B.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research and development study was to design and develop an affordable, computer-based, pre-service teacher assessment and reporting system to allow teacher education institutions and supervising teachers to efficiently enter evaluation criteria, record pre-service teacher evaluations, and generate evaluation reports. The…

  18. Scaffolding Computer-Mediated Discussion to Enhance Moral Reasoning and Argumentation Quality in Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Özçinar, Hüseyin

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of scaffolding computer-mediated discussions to improve moral reasoning and argumentation quality in pre-service teachers. Participants of this study were 76 teaching education students at a Turkish university. They were divided into three groups: (1) a computer-supported argumentation group; (2) a…

  19. Teacher Quality and Teacher Mobility. Working Paper 57

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feng, Li; Sass, Tim

    2011-01-01

    Using matched student-teacher panel data from the state of Florida, the authors study the determinants of teacher job change and the impact of such mobility on the distribution of teacher quality. The probability a teacher stays at a school increases the more productive they are in their current school. The quality of teachers who exit teaching…

  20. The Teacher Quality Index: A Protocol for Teacher Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stronge, James H.; Hindman, Jennifer L.

    2006-01-01

    Turn your teacher hiring process into a research-based protocol that is more apt to select teachers who will increase student achievement. Using the teacher quality indicators from the ASCD best-selling book "Qualities of Effective Teachers, 2nd Edition," the authors take the guesswork out of teacher hiring with a systematic structure and steps…

  1. Key Issue: Enhancing Teacher Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    "Teachers are leaders when they function in professional communities to affect student learning; contribute to school improvement; inspire excellence in practice; and empower stakeholders to participate in educational improvement" (Childs-Bowen, Moller, & Scrivner, 2000, p. 28). Enhancing teacher leadership can help schools and districts reach the…

  2. Education Quality and Teacher Salary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Land, Arthur J.

    In view of the emphasis on money as a motivator mentioned in reports examining theoretical notions about teacher motivation, this paper focuses on the efficacy of using salary to attract quality teacher candidates. Although standarized testing and internship programs often supplement inadequate certification requirements, critics question the…

  3. Teacher Enhancement and Preparation Programs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    These two programs provide opportunities for K-12 teachers of mathematics, science, and technology to spend two weeks at a NASA center learning about aeronautics and space. Participants are selected by peer review from a contracting agent that assists NASA in administering the program. Each teacher receives a stipend that covers the cost of travel, housing, meals, and graduate credit. NEWMAST provides for approximately 100 secondary teachers, and NEWTEST is a program designed to meet the needs of approximately 125 elementary teachers each summer. Teachers are provided with a wide variety of experiences including research laboratory observations, presentations, and 'shadowships'. Individual and team projects are used to enhance the participants knowledge of space and aeronautics and to motivate the teachers to incorporate the summer workshop activities into their classrooms.

  4. Teacher Education Quality Initiatives Widespread.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, Washington, DC.

    Changes made by 41 institutions of higher education to improve the quality of teacher education are briefly reported in this news release, as examples of responses to the need to improve educational quality. In general, institutions are raising standards, changing their programs, offering faculty and staff development activities, developing…

  5. Teacher Quality in Canada. SAEE Research Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Susan M.

    This report examines the impact of teacher quality on student achievement in Canada, analyzing current research, practices, and innovations to provide a better understanding of the complexity of teaching and effective teacher deployment. The nine chapters focus on: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Indicators of Teacher Quality" (defining teacher quality

  6. Administrator and Teacher Perceptions of the Qualities of Effective Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Robert Eugene

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine which qualities of effective teachers K-12 public school administrators and teachers in the United States perceive as having the greatest impact on student achievement. Stronge's (2007) meta-review of the qualities of effective teachers served as the framework for the study. An online survey based on that…

  7. Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1900-01-01

    The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) offers online, graduate-level science courses from a world-class public research university. NTEN was one of the first online professional development programs for K-12 teachers, and has offered courses si

  8. Teacher Quality: What You Need to Know

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joyce Foundation, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Once kids walk in the school door, the most important factor for how well they learn is the quality of their teachers. Having good teachers is important for all kids. But it's especially important for kids who are falling behind. Research shows that students who are taught by a really good teacher can make as much as a year and a half's worth of…

  9. Handbook for Qualities of Effective Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stronge, James H.; Tucker, Pamela D.; Hindman, Jennifer L.

    2004-01-01

    This book makes it much easier to implement a staff development, teacher education, or self-help program to improve the six research-based teacher qualities that are most apt to raise student achievement. Use the dozens of assessments, observation guides, planning tools, and other resources to: (1) Strengthen teachers' verbal abilities, content…

  10. Accomplished Teachers Implementation of Quality Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Weiyun; Hammond-Bennett, Austin; Upton, Ashely; Mason, Steve

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe how accomplished teachers implement the quality of teaching practices in their daily lessons. The participants were four elementary physical education teachers (one male, three female). The data sources consisted of videotape of the teachers teaching 12 lessons, transcription of the taped lessons,…

  11. Models and Measures of Beginning Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanton, Linda P.; Sindelar, Paul T.; Correa, Vivian I.

    2006-01-01

    Teacher quality is widely recognized as influencing student achievement and success in school. In this article, we consider various approaches to the assessment of teacher quality, including process-product observational measures, evaluation checklists, professional standards, large-scale surveys, and commercially available observation systems. We…

  12. The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) based at Montana State University offers graduate-credit science and mathematics courses to teachers nationally. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, NTEN allows educators to participate in the telecomputing courses from home or work through direct Internet access or dial-up modem connections. Courses are taught by university scientists, engineers, and mathematicians. NTEN also enhances professional networking nationwide between science teachers and active research scientists. The site offers telecomputing guides for both students and teachers, and online teaching experiences written by course instructors.

  13. Teacher Learning of Technology Enhanced Formative Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allan Feldman; Brenda M. Capobianco; William J. Leonard; William J. Gerace; Karen St. Cyr; Hyunju Lee; Robby Harris

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the integration of technology enhanced formative assessment (FA) into teachers’ practice. Participants\\u000a were high school physics teachers interested in improving their use of a classroom response system (CRS) to promote FA. Data\\u000a were collected using interviews, direct classroom observations, and collaborative discussions. The physics teachers engaged\\u000a in collaborative action research (AR) to learn how to use FA

  14. How to Improve the Supply of High-Quality Teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Alan Hanushek

    2004-01-01

    Virtually everybody interested in improving the performance of schools concentrates on the importance of teacher quality. Yet policy recommendations related to teacher quality frequently do not incorporate existing evidence about performance. This paper reviews the various strands of research related to teacher quality including: the role of aggregate salaries, the supply of teachers with different characteristics, the relationship between teacher

  15. 34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Plans to increase teacher quality. 200.57 Section 200.57...Educational Agencies Qualifications of Teachers and Paraprofessionals § 200.57 Plans to increase teacher quality. (a) State plan....

  16. 34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Plans to increase teacher quality. 200.57 Section 200.57...Educational Agencies Qualifications of Teachers and Paraprofessionals § 200.57 Plans to increase teacher quality. (a) State plan....

  17. 34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Plans to increase teacher quality. 200.57 Section 200.57...Educational Agencies Qualifications of Teachers and Paraprofessionals § 200.57 Plans to increase teacher quality. (a) State plan....

  18. Supporting Quality Teachers with Recognition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Hans A.

    2011-01-01

    Value has been found in providing recognition and awards programs for excellent teachers. Research has also found a major lack of these programs in both the USA and in Australia. Teachers receiving recognition and awards for their teaching have praised recognition programs as providing motivation for them to continue high-level instruction.…

  19. Building Teacher Quality in the Kansas City, Missouri School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corso, Aileen; Franck, Valerie; Kelliher, Kate; McCorry, Betsy

    2011-01-01

    This study looks at the policies and practices shaping teacher quality in the Kansas City, Missouri School District (KCMSD). It is part of a series of analyses by the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) in school districts across the nation. Framing this analysis are five policy goals for improving teacher quality: (1) Staffing. Teacher

  20. [Teacher enhancement at Supercomputing `96

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-02-13

    The SC`96 Education Program provided a three-day professional development experience for middle and high school science, mathematics, and computer technology teachers. The program theme was Computers at Work in the Classroom, and a majority of the sessions were presented by classroom teachers who have had several years experience in using these technologies with their students. The teachers who attended the program were introduced to classroom applications of computing and networking technologies and were provided to the greatest extent possible with lesson plans, sample problems, and other resources that could immediately be used in their own classrooms. The attached At a Glance Schedule and Session Abstracts describes in detail the three-day SC`96 Education Program. Also included is the SC`96 Education Program evaluation report and the financial report.

  1. The Highly Qualified Teacher: What Is Teacher Quality and How Do We Measure It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strong, Michael

    2011-01-01

    In this follow-up to "Effective Teacher Induction and Mentoring" (ED522923) Michael Strong tackles the major issues surrounding teacher quality and effectiveness. "The Highly Qualified Teacher" provides an accessible overview of the research related to teacher quality, and introduces a new method for evaluating teachers based on extensive…

  2. The Concepts of Quality, Quality Assurance and Quality Enhancement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elassy, Noha

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to critically review and discuss different definitions of the concepts of quality, quality assurance (QA) and quality enhancement (QE) in higher education (HE) with presenting critical perspectives of the literature. Design/methodology/approach: The paper looks at literature concerns with the meaning of quality, QA and QE,…

  3. Boundaries and Applications: The Teacher Quality Debate in America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgman, Matthew R.

    2012-01-01

    The teacher quality debate in America remains an important one. Many feel that teachers are leaving teacher preparation programs without the appropriate knowledge and skills to be effective classroom practitioners. School districts have spent a considerable amount of time and economic resources addressing the teacher quality provisions of No Child…

  4. Teaching Quality and Performance among Experienced Teachers in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abd Hamid, Siti Rafiah; Syed Hassan, Sharifah Sariah; Ismail, Nik Ahmad Hisham

    2012-01-01

    The role of teachers has evolved from merely being teacher-centered to one that is student centered and the skills required for a quality teacher are changing too. Assessing teacher's effectiveness will not be a straight forward attempt by solely examining students' achievements or students' perceptions of their teachers' attributes. A careful…

  5. Characteristics of High-Quality Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Jason E.; Gulek, James C.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of high-quality teachers who used a structured mathematics program for teaching, namely the Math Achievement Program (MAP[superscript 2]D), which demonstrated significant gains on student achievement as measured by California's Standards Test (CST) in mathematics. Specifically, the…

  6. Enhanced Stream Water Quality

    EPA Science Inventory

    ***QUAL2E is not included in the current version of BASINS*** QUAL2E is a steady state and quasi-dynamic water quality model for the simulation of point source impact on water quality including nitrogen and phosphorus cycling, dissolved oxygen and BOD, algae, fecal c...

  7. Governing Quality in Teacher Education: Deconstructing Federal Text and Talk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Hunt, Hyland

    2007-01-01

    Two dueling national agendas characterize discussions surrounding teacher quality and teacher education reform. For professionalists, teacher quality is synonymous with meeting a set of professional standards. For deregulationists, these standards are roadblocks that deter high-quality candidates from pursuing jobs in teaching. Despite differences…

  8. Enhancing Student Learning In Technology Through Enhancing Teacher Formative Interactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judy Moreland; Alister Jones; Megan Chambers

    This paper reports on the research and intervention approaches undertaken by a research team when working with 14 primary school teachers (as well as two of the principals) in technology education over a three-year period (1998-2000). The evidence gained over the three years has shown how effective research, development, and negotiated intervention strategies can be introduced to enhance student learning.

  9. Teachers' Opinions on Quality Criteria for Competency Assessment Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

    2007-01-01

    Quality control policies towards Dutch vocational schools have changed dramatically because the government questioned examination quality. Schools must now demonstrate assessment quality to a new Examination Quality Center. Since teachers often design assessments, they must be involved in quality issues. This study therefore explores teachers'…

  10. A Model for Enhancing Morale among Middle School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Postell, Willie A.

    2004-01-01

    This applied dissertation was designed to enhance the morale among teachers at a middle school that experienced high teacher attrition each year. The solution strategies implemented addressed issues of administrative support, collegiality among teachers, parental involvement, reduction in nonteaching duties, and teacher recognition and…

  11. Teacher Quality and Teaching Quality of 7th-Grade Algebra I Honors Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    With more and more focus on accountability, algebra achievement has become a major focus of math curriculum developers. In many states, students are expected to pass standardized Algebra achievement tests in order to satisfy graduation requirements. The purpose of this study was to identify teacher qualities and teaching qualities linked to…

  12. Teachers' Opinions about the Responsibilities of Parents, Schools, and Teachers in Enhancing Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korkmaz, Isa

    2007-01-01

    Enhancing student learning is a complex process in itself and is related to a variety of factors. This study deals with the three of these factors (i.e., parents, schools, and teachers) based on teachers' perceptions. A short survey composed of three open-ended questions was administered to 148 teachers. The teachers were asked to write their…

  13. Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1900-01-01

    The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) offers online, graduate-level science courses from a world-class public research university. NTEN was one of the first online professional development programs for K-12 teachers, and has offered courses sin

  14. Print quality: Assessment and enhancement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jang Woon-Young

    2004-01-01

    In this thesis, we present three research topics for the assessment and enhancement of the print quality (PQ). The first topic is the simulation of PQ defects in color laser printers such as banding, streaks, ghosting, and repetitive artifacts. We first characterize the common PQ defects in color laser printers. We develop a simulation model for each defect based on

  15. Supporting Culture for Quality Improvement in Teacher Education: Towards a Research Partnership

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joanna M. Michalak

    Quality is one of the key concept which is broadly discussed within the Bologna Process and the Lisbon Process. Within the Lisbon process, enhancing the quality of teacher education is an important goal for European educati on systems, if quicker progress is to be made towards meeting the common objectives that have been established under the Education and Training 2010

  16. The Use of Digital Repositories for Enhancing Teacher Pedagogical Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Anat; Kalimi, Sharon; Nachmias, Rafi

    2013-01-01

    This research examines the usage of local learning material repositories at school, as well as related teachers' attitudes and training. The study investigates the use of these repositories for enhancing teacher performance and assesses whether the assimilation of the local repositories increases their usage of and contribution to by teachers. One…

  17. Developing Teacher Leaders: How Teacher Leadership Enhances School Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowther, Frank; Kaagan, Stephen S.; Ferguson, Margaret; Hann, Leonne

    This book presents information from a 5-year research project on teacher leadership which offers evidence that the answer to school vitality lies largely in the redefinition of traditional leadership in education and in the elevation of the perception, status, and role of classroom teachers. The research involved interviews with teachers and…

  18. Building Teacher Quality in Baltimore City Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2010

    2010-01-01

    At the request of the Education Reform Project of the American Civil Liberties Union of Maryland, the National Council on Teacher Quality undertook an analysis of the teacher policies in the Baltimore City Public Schools. Its analysis looks at the teachers' contract, school board rules and state laws. It also collected personnel data from the…

  19. From Teacher Education to Student Progress: Teacher Quality since NCLB. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shober, Arnold F.

    2012-01-01

    The concept of "teacher quality" has undergone a profound transformation in the last decade. Through the late 1990s, most policymakers assumed that educator effectiveness was immeasurable and that our only hopes to increase it were tied to classroom experience and academic credentials. Yet since 2001, through a series of notable research findings,…

  20. Facilitating the Teacher Quality Gap? Collective Bargaining Agreements, Teacher Hiring and Transfer Rules, and Teacher Assignment among Schools in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koski, William S.; Horng, Eileen L.

    2007-01-01

    Certain studies and the California legislature have recently concluded that seniority preference rules in teacher collective bargaining agreements facilitate a teacher "quality gap" by permitting senior teachers to transfer to schools with higher-performing and more affluent children. This study examines the effects of such transfer rules on the…

  1. Teacher Education Effectiveness: Quality and Equity of Future Primary Teachers' Mathematics and Mathematics Pedagogical Content Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blomeke, Sigrid; Suhl, Ute; Kaiser, Gabriele

    2011-01-01

    The effectiveness of teacher education was examined by taking two indicators into account: future teachers' mean achievement on a paper-and-pencil test as an indicator of quality, and the variability of teacher achievement due to background characteristics as an indicator of equity. In detail, the effects of gender and language on mathematics…

  2. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. South Dakota State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This South Dakota edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  3. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Vermont State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Vermont edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  4. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Maine State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Maine edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  5. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Michigan State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Michigan edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  6. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Rhode Island State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Rhode Island edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  7. Teacher-Child Relationship Quality: The Roles of Child Temperament and Teacher-Child Interactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.

    2009-01-01

    Young children's relationships with teachers predict social and academic success. This study examines contributions of child temperament (shyness, effortful control) and gender to teacher-child relationship quality both directly and indirectly through the frequency of teacher-child interactions in the classroom. Using an NICHD SECCYD sample of 819…

  8. Teacher Quality in a Changing Policy Landscape: Improvements in the Teacher Pool. Policy Information Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gitomer, Drew H.

    2007-01-01

    The past eight years have seen an unprecedented level of education policy activity focused on issues of teacher quality. Policies have been developed at federal, state, and institutional levels, and include increased institutional reporting of teacher candidates' test scores, the mandate for Highly Qualified Teachers (HQT) in the No Child Left…

  9. Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Public Schools Keeping Their Best?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we examine the mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality, measured using value-added estimates of teacher performance. Unlike previous studies that have examined these issues, we focus on the variation in these effects across the effectiveness distribution. We find that, on average, more effective teachers tend to stay in…

  10. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Arkansas State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Arkansas edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  11. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Maryland State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Maryland edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  12. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Alabama State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Alabama edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  13. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Oklahoma State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Oklahoma edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  14. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. District of Columbia State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This District of Columbia edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies…

  15. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Arizona State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Arizona edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  16. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Connecticut State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Connecticut edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  17. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. New Jersey State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This New Jersey edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  18. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. California State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This California edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

  19. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Ohio State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Ohio edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  20. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Hawaii State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Hawaii edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  1. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Kansas State Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Kansas edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

  2. Falling Flat: Certification as an Insufficient Indicator of Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Patricia; Gimbert, Belinda

    2011-01-01

    This policy analysis examines recent debates on teacher quality in light of the "Renee v. Duncan" (2010) decision, the Congressional response to the ruling through the Continuing Resolution bill, H.R. 3082 §163, and President Obama's "Blueprint for Reform." Using equity as a framework for the teacher quality debate, the authors…

  3. Access to High Quality Teachers for All Students. Information Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mid-Atlantic Equity Center, 2009

    2009-01-01

    One of the most important factors in a high quality education is the knowledge, experience, and capability of the classroom teacher. There is strong evidence that having a high-quality teacher affects learning and is an important factor in explaining student test score gains (Clotfelter, Ladd, & Vigdor, 2007; Darling-Hammond, 2000; Darling-Hammond…

  4. Conceptualising and Evaluating Teacher Quality: Substantive and Methodological Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ingvarson, Lawrence; Rowe, Ken

    2008-01-01

    Whereas findings from recent research highlight the importance of teacher quality in improving students' academic performances and experiences of schooling, substantive and methodological issues surrounding the conceptualisation and evaluation of "teacher quality" are not well understood. Such deficiencies are particularly evident in claims for…

  5. Attracting and Developing High-Quality Teachers. Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Researchers, policymakers, and education leaders agree that teacher quality is a vital factor in improving student achievement. Therefore, it is imperative that states and districts recruit, develop, and retain high-quality teachers to ensure that all children are provided with an adequate education. No Child Left Behind (NCLB) initially required…

  6. Assessing Pre-Service Teachers' Quality Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Weiyun; Hendricks, Kristin; Archibald, Kelsi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to design and validate the Assessing Quality Teaching Rubrics (AQTR) that assesses the pre-service teachers' quality teaching practices in a live lesson or a videotaped lesson. Twenty-one lessons taught by 13 Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) students were videotaped. The videotaped lessons were evaluated…

  7. Recruitment and Preparation of Quality Teachers for Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Jerry G.

    Perceived negative aspects of teaching in rural areas, including personal and professional isolation, multiple subject preparation, etc., provide barriers to effective recruitment and retention of quality teachers. The predicted shortage of teachers will likely have a significant impact on an already competitive market for high quality, rural…

  8. Teacher Quality, Appraisal and Development: The Flaws in the IQMS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Clerq, Francine

    2008-01-01

    This article addresses the issue of how to monitor and develop the quality of teaching in schools by identifying the international lessons of teacher appraisal, monitoring and support systems and by interrogating the recently introduced South African Integrated Quality Management System (IQMS). The aim is to show why teacher monitoring and…

  9. Enhancing Practicing Primary School Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Alister; Moreland, Judy

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the frameworks and cognitive tools that have been developed to enhance practising teachers' pedagogical content knowledge in primary school technology education. The frameworks evolved from our research that firstly examined existing teaching practices, secondly enhanced formative interactions and thirdly enhanced summative…

  10. Professional Development: Teachers Use of GIS to Enhance Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClurg, Patricia A.; Buss, Alan

    2007-01-01

    This article explains a professional development experience of fifth to twelfth grade teachers in using geographic information systems (GIS) and global positioning systems (GPS) technologies to enhance classroom teaching and learning environments. A key challenge faced by the developers was whether teachers would value the technology tools enough…

  11. Teacher Learning of Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beatty, Ian D.; Feldman, Allan; Leonard, William J.; Gerace, William J.; St. Cyr, Karen; Lee, Hyunju; Harris, Robby

    2008-01-01

    "Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment" (TEFA) is an innovative pedagogy for teaching secondary school science or mathematics with "classroom response system" technology. "Teacher Learning of TEFA" (TLT) is a five year research project studying teacher change in the context of an intensive, sustained, on-site professional development (PD)…

  12. Teacher quality and attrition in a US school district

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Kyle Ingle

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine whether teachers with high value-added scores (as a measure of teacher quality) stay or left test grades and subjects in a medium-sized school district. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Panel data for this paper encompass teachers providing math and reading instruction and link to individual students in grades 3-10 from a single Florida

  13. Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Schools Keeping Their Best? Working Paper 29

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Most studies that have fueled alarm over the attrition and mobility rates of teachers have relied on proxy indicators of teacher quality, even though these proxies correlate only weakly with student performance. This paper examines the attrition and mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality using value-added measures of teacher

  14. Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in LAUSD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

    2011-01-01

    At the request of the United Way of Greater Los Angeles, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) undertook this analysis of the teacher policies in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). A coalition of civil rights groups were also involved in this project, including Parent Organization Network, Families in Schools, Alliance for a…

  15. Measuring Teacher Quality with Value-Added Modeling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marder, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Using computers to evaluate teachers based on student test scores is more difficult than it seems. Value-added modeling is a genuinely serious attempt to grapple with the difficulties. Value-added modeling carries the promise of measuring teacher quality automatically and objectively, and improving school systems at minimal cost. The essence of…

  16. Teacher Quality: What's Wrong with U.S. Strategy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Marc

    2012-01-01

    In this commentary, Tucker asserts that countries that perform well on international comparisons of student achievement all take a different approach to ensuring teacher quality than the United States does. These top-performing countries have established high standards for getting into schools of education; they are moving teacher education…

  17. Evaluation of the Renaissance Project for Improving Teacher Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neal, Marcia R.; McLean, James E.; Pankratz, Roger; Craig, James

    This paper describes the evaluation of the Renaissance Project for Improving Teacher Quality. The Renaissance Group is a national consortium of 16 colleges and universities committed to improving teacher education. Ten of these institutions, in collaboration with their schools of arts and sciences and their partner schools, have engaged in the…

  18. A Corporate Partnership to Enhance Teacher Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fine, Bethann

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses a corporate partnership with SMART Technologies that changed what teacher candidates learned and how they learned. The experience of the partnership has revealed five best practices for implementing white board technology. Teacher training benefits of the partnership are evident in descriptions of three instructional…

  19. Teacher Involvement in Curriculum Design: Need for Support to Enhance Teachers' Design Expertise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huizinga, Tjark; Handelzalts, Adam; Nieveen, Nienke; Voogt, Joke M.

    2014-01-01

    Teacher involvement in curriculum design has a long tradition. However, although it fosters implementation of curriculum reforms, teachers encounter various problems while designing related to conditions set for the design process, and lack the knowledge and skills needed to enact collaborative design processes. Providing support to enhance

  20. Teacher Learning of Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment

    E-print Network

    Beatty, Ian D; Leonard, William J; Gerace, William J; Cyr, Karen St; Lee, Hyunju; Harris, Robby

    2008-01-01

    Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment (TEFA) is a pedagogy for teaching with classroom response technology. Teacher Learning of TEFA is a five-year research project studying teacher change, in the context of an intensive professional development program designed to help science and mathematics teachers learn TEFA. First, we provide an overview of the project's participating teachers, its intervention (consisting of the technology, the pedagogy, and the professional development program), and its research design. Then, we present narratives describing the unfolding change process experienced by four teachers. Afterward, we present some preliminary findings of the research, describe a "model for the co-evolution of teacher and pedagogy" that we are developing, and identify general implications for professional development.

  1. Contributions of Regulatable Quality and Teacher-Child Interaction to Children's Attachment Security with Day Care Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clawson, Mellisa A.

    This study examined regulatable quality and teacher-child interaction and, their influences on the quality of the attachment relationship developed by preschool children with their day care teachers. Observation and interview procedures were completed in 12 classrooms serving 194 preschoolers. Regulatable quality variables included teacher-child…

  2. The Effect of Wage Frictions on Teacher Quality and Student Outcomes: Are Math and Science Teachers Affected Differently?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Chris Ferguson; Greg Gilpin

    Using teacher level data from public, private, and charter schools, we examine how various school level wage frictions such as salary schedules and collective bargaining agreements affect the level of teacher quality across subject levels in U.S. high schools. We find that salary schedules have a significant negative effect on teacher quality, reducing quality by as much as 2-3%. The

  3. Teacher Education around the World: Changing Policies and Practices. Teacher Quality and School Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darling-Hammond, Linda, Ed.; Lieberman, Ann, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Teachers are the most important single element of the education system but what does it take to create high quality teachers in today's world? Around the world, countries are struggling to understand how to change their schools to meet global demands. International comparisons have shown that schools in Finland lead the league tables, but why is…

  4. State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. National Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Countless reports have analyzed the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 on teacher quality and student achievement. What many of these reports truly leave behind, however, is the reality that state governments--not the federal government--have the strongest impact on the work of America's 3.1 million teachers. With that in mind, three…

  5. Principals' Hiring of Teachers in Philadelphia Schools: A Research Report on Improving Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez, Heidi A.; Schofield, Lynne Steuerle; Black, Melissa

    2009-01-01

    The School District of Philadelphia (SDP), like many other urban school districts, struggles to increase its hiring and retention of experienced and highly qualified teachers in its low-performing/high-need schools. Toward the goal of improving teacher quality and the experience balance, particularly in hard-to-staff schools, the Philadelphia…

  6. Ensuring Teacher Quality: A Continuum of Teacher Preparation and Development. Policy Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WestEd, San Francisco, CA.

    This brief examines the impact of teaching on student achievement, necessary steps for ensuring teacher quality, and policies needed to support that effort. Research has identified the strong connection between student achievement and teacher preparation and skills. Efforts to generate consistently high teaching levels across all classrooms must…

  7. Honor in the Boxcar: Equalizing Teacher Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barth, Patte, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This publication presents evidence that low-income and minority children are more likely to be in schools with unqualified and ineffective teachers than their white and more affluent peers. A growing body of research claims that this lack of qualified teachers in high-poverty schools is more critical in explaining the underachievement of…

  8. Districts Abandon Grants Targeting Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

    2012-01-01

    Three big-city districts--Chicago, Milwaukee, and New York--have terminated federal grants aimed at promoting performance-based compensation plans and professional development for teachers and principals. Overall, the 2010 Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) grants to the three districts would have provided an $88 million payout over five years--nearly 7…

  9. Veteran Teachers: Commitment, Resilience and Quality Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Christopher; Gu, Qing

    2009-01-01

    Whilst much research on teachers' lives has focussed on their early years in the profession, much less attention has been paid to those in their later years, so called "veteran" teachers. Yet, many of these are likely to hold positions of responsibility in the school, receive greater remuneration and have experienced the impact of more policy and…

  10. Charlotte Danielson on Teacher Evaluation and Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Liz

    2013-01-01

    This article presents a conversation with Charlotte Danielson. Danielson is an expert on good teaching, having analyzed the performance of what distinguished, proficient and underperforming teachers do (or don't do). Her detailed rubrics on teaching reveal the benefits to teachers, students and administrators when a common standard of practice is…

  11. Enhancing Leadership Quality. TQ Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Educator Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Teaching Quality (TQ) Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Educator Quality is an online resource developed by the TQ Center. It is designed to help education practitioners tap into strategies and resources they can use to enhance educator quality. This publication is based on the TQ Source Tips & Tools topic area "Enhancing

  12. Online Faculty Satisfaction and Quality Enhancement Initiatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Satterlee, Anita G.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine possible effects of an institution's quality enhancement initiatives on the job satisfaction of online faculty. Quality enhancement initiatives are a normal part of the accreditation process and faculty shoulder some of the responsibility for success of those initiatives. Therefore, it is imperative that…

  13. Quality Assurance and Quality Enhancement in Higher Education: Contested Territories?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filippakou, Ourania; Tapper, Ted

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyses the unfolding of the quality agenda in England from 1992 to the present. By using two disciplinary approaches, "political science" and "social philosophy", the article traces the recent transition from quality assurance to quality enhancement. How is this development to be explained and how significant is it? Are the concepts…

  14. Low-quality image enhancement using

    E-print Network

    Schettini, Raimondo

    Low-quality image enhancement using visual attention Francesca Gasparini, Silvia Corchs enhancing the salient details in im- ages. The premise supporting the work is that biological vi- sion masking algorithm becomes local and adaptive, enhancing the edges differently according to human

  15. Quality Enhancement: An Overview. Program Services Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Partnership for Children, Raleigh.

    Leading a series of in-depth technical assistance papers on improving the quality in early care and education programs, this brochure is designed to help local communities consider the most effective strategies in designing and implementing programs that improve child care quality. A quality enhancement approach is taken whereby communities begin…

  16. A Review of the Literature on Mathematics and Science Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolyard, Johnna J.; Moyer-Packenham, Patricia S.

    2008-01-01

    A large body of literature exists that examines teacher quality characteristics and the relationship of indicators of those characteristics to teacher effectiveness. This existing research literature broadly views teacher quality research without illuminating specific areas of teacher quality, such as mathematics and science. In an effort to focus…

  17. Enhancing Practicing Primary School Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alister Jones; Judy Moreland

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the frameworks and cognitive tools that have been developed to enhance practising teachers' pedagogical\\u000a content knowledge in primary school technology education. The frameworks evolved from our research that firstly examined existing\\u000a teaching practices, secondly enhanced formative interactions and thirdly enhanced summative assessment strategies. The evidence\\u000a gained over the three years demonstrated how the effective use of frameworks

  18. Factors affecting enhanced video quality preferences

    PubMed Central

    Satgunam, PremNandhini; Woods, Russell L; Bronstad, P Matthew; Peli, Eli

    2013-01-01

    The development of video quality metrics requires methods for measuring perceived video quality. Most such metrics are designed and tested using databases of images degraded by compression and scored using opinion ratings. We studied video quality preferences for enhanced images of normally-sighted participants using the method of paired comparisons with a thorough statistical analysis. Participants (n=40) made pair-wise comparisons of high definition (HD) video clips enhanced at four different levels using a commercially available enhancement device. Perceptual scales were computed with binary logistic regression to estimate preferences for each level and to provide statistical inference of the differences among levels and the impact of other variables. While moderate preference for enhanced videos was found, two unexpected effects were also uncovered: (1) Participants could be broadly classified into two groups: those who preferred enhancement ("Sharp") and those who disliked enhancement ("Smooth"). (2) Enhancement preferences depended on video content, particularly for human faces to be enhanced less. The results suggest that algorithms to evaluate image quality (at least for enhancement) may need to be adjusted or applied differentially based on video content and viewer preferences. The possible impact of similar effects on image quality of compressed video needs to be evaluated. PMID:24107400

  19. Who Will Prepare Tomorrow's Quality Teachers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, Margaret A.

    2001-01-01

    Students returning to pre-K-12 classrooms across New England this fall expected well-kept facilities, up-to-date textbooks and basic supplies. Unfortunately missing from an increasing number of these classrooms is a certified teacher with a mastery of the subject matter being taught and an understanding of how children learn. In this article, the…

  20. Pay, Working Conditions, and Teacher Quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Alan Hanushek

    2007-01-01

    Summary Eric Hanushek and Steven Rivkin examine how salary and working conditions affect the qual- ity of instruction in the classroom. The wages of teachers relative to those of other college grad- uates have fallen steadily since 1940. Today, average wages differ little, however, between urban and suburban districts. In some metropolitan areas urban districts pay more, while in others,

  1. Perception on mathematics teachers' quality of teaching between all boys secondary schools and all girls secondary schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arbin, Norazman; Kamarudin, Norsyazana; Abu, Mohd Syafarudy; Hamzah, Firdaus Mohamad; Ghani, Sazelli Abdul

    2015-05-01

    This survey research was designed to identify the secondary mathematics teachers' quality of teaching. Specifically, this study focused on students' perception, based on genders on the quality of teaching of their secondary mathematics teachers and, its relationship with the former's mathematics achievement. This research was carried in four different schools: two all boys' secondary schools and two all girls' secondary schools. Thus, a comparison between these two types of schools was made. The sample of the study involved 100 form four students from those schools. The result showed that the students from those schools had positive perception on their teachers' quality of teaching. Statistically, there was no difference between the boys' and girls' perceptions. There was a significant relationship between the boys' perception on the quality of their teachers' teaching and the boys' achievement. However, there was no significant relationship between the girls' perceptions on the quality of their teachers' teaching and the girls' achievement. The findings of this research could be used as a useful guideline for mathematics teachers and future mathematics teachers in enhancing the quality of their teaching and learning.

  2. Quality Enhancement and Educational Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Peter

    2006-01-01

    There is a strong international interest in the enhancement of teaching quality. Enhancement is a big job because teaching is an extensive activity. It is a complex job because learning to teach is not, mainly, a formal process: non-formal, practice-based learning is more significant. These two points, extensiveness and practice-based learning,…

  3. Rates of Beginning Teachers: Examining One Indicator of School Quality in an Equity Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gagnon, Douglas J.; Mattingly, Marybeth J.

    2015-01-01

    The authors use national data to examine variation in the proportion of beginning teachers in school districts across the United States by poverty, race, and urbanicity. In addition to being a proxy for teacher quality, the proportion of beginning teachers in a district also speaks to teacher turnover and therefore broader school quality issues.…

  4. Can a State Department of Education Increase Teacher Quality? Lessons Learned in Massachusetts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stotsky, Sandra

    2004-01-01

    Teacher quality, however defined, is usually seen as the responsibility of schools of education. Rarely is it viewed as the responsibility of academic departments in the arts and sciences--that part of college or university where prospective teachers study the academic content they will draw on as teachers. Only recently has teacher quality come…

  5. Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in the Miami-Dade County Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2012

    2012-01-01

    In partnership with the Urban League of Greater Miami, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) released "Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in Miami," an in-depth study of the work rules Miami-Dade teachers. This look at the state of teacher policies in Miami-Dade County Public Schools explores the district's contract…

  6. Enhancers and Inhibitors of Teacher Change among Secondary Physical Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bechtel, Pamela A.; O'Sullivan, Mary

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore enhancers and inhibitors that impacted 4 secondary physical education teachers to make changes in their programs. An interpretivist approach was used to understand the physical educators' change process. Data were collected from document analyses, participant information sheets, interviews, discussion…

  7. School Timetabling for Quality Student and Teacher Schedules

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Housosa Daskalakib

    The school timetabling problem, although less complicated than its counterpart for the university, still provides a ground for interesting and innovative approaches that promise solutions of high quality. In this work, a Shift Assignment Problem is solved first and work shifts are assigned to teachers. In the sequel, the actual Timetabling Problem is solved while the optimal shift assignments that

  8. School timetabling for quality student and teacher schedules

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Theodore Birbas; Sophia Daskalaki; Efthymios Housos

    2009-01-01

    Abstract: The school timetabling problem, although less complicated than its counterpart for the university, still provides a ground for interesting and innovative approaches that promise solutions of high quality. In this work, a Shift Assignment Problem is solved first and work shifts are assigned to teachers. In the sequel, the actual Timetabling Problem is solved while the optimal shift assignments

  9. An evaluation of the 1997 JPL Summer Teacher Enhancement Program

    SciTech Connect

    Slovacek, Simeon P.; Doyle-Nichols, Adelaide R.

    1997-10-20

    There were two major components in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Summer Teacher Enhancement Project (STEP). First, the Summer Institute was structured as a four-week, 4-credit-unit University course for middle school science teachers, and consisted of workshops, lectures, labs, and tours as activities. The second component consists of follow-up activities related to the summer institute's contents, and again is structured as a University credit-bearing course for participants to reinforce their summer training. Considerable information from the comments and course ratings as given by the participants is included.

  10. Teacher Quality 2.0: Toward a New Era in Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M., Ed.; McShane, Michael Q., Ed.

    2014-01-01

    In "Teacher Quality 2.0," American Enterprise Institute (AEI) education experts Frederick M. Hess and Michael Q. McShane convene a diverse array of contributors to examine fruitful innovations that promise to improve teacher quality in a more strategic way. Much of the cutting-edge work in teacher quality is happening in nontraditional…

  11. Contemporary Technologies to Improve the Quality of Education When Training Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sibgatullina, Alfiya

    2015-01-01

    The article considers contemporary technologies to improve the quality of teachers' education (as exemplified by the training of foreign language teachers). The author presents analysis of the "quality of education" concept, proposes and analyzes the criteria for assessing the quality of education of future foreign language teachers.…

  12. TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PLAN

    E-print Network

    1 TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PLAN 2002 Prepared by the Quality Enhancement Committee....................................................................................... 6 Role of Quality Enhancement Planning Committee 6 Members of the Committee 7 Purpose and Scope 7 Internationalization 21 Technology 22 Section 3: The Texas A&M University Quality Enhancement Plan

  13. More Districts Adopt Innovative Teacher Pay Plans. Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality: Policy Brief:

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Committee for Economic Development, 2011

    2011-01-01

    In 2009 the Committee for Economic Development (CED) called on district and state education officials to revamp the way that teachers are paid. New compensation systems are needed to attract highly qualified individuals into teaching under labor market conditions that have changed substantially since the typical framework for teacher salaries was…

  14. Life in the Fast Track: How States Seek to Balance Incentives and Quality in Alternative Teacher Certification Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Susan Moore; Birkeland, Sarah E.; Peske, Heather G.

    2005-01-01

    The prospect of overseeing the rapid preparation of many participants in fast-track alternative certification programs presents several challenges for state education officials who seek to maintain, or even enhance, the quality of the state's teaching force. This study examined a range of fast-track alternative teacher certification programs in 11…

  15. Impact of Effective Teaching Research on Student Achievement and Teacher Performance: Equity and Access Implications for Quality Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kemp, Leroy; Hall, Anita H.

    This paper examines effective teaching research and its influence on school practices, student achievement, the teaching process, teacher education, and those conditions of teaching which enhance equity and access to a quality education for all students, specifically those who are culturally diverse. This document presents a brief historical…

  16. Teacher Quality and Dropout Outcomes in a Large, Urban School District. Working Paper 2007-04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koedel, Cory

    2008-01-01

    Recent research shows that variation in teacher quality has large effects on student performance. However, this research is based entirely on student test scores. Focusing on high-school math teachers, this paper evaluates teacher quality in terms of another educational outcome of great interest--graduation. I use a unique instrumental variables…

  17. Teacher Quality, Professionalism and Professional Development: Findings from a European Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilton, Gillian; Flores, Maria Assunção; Niklasson, Laila

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents and discusses findings from a European project concerning strengthening the teacher's voice in defining professional quality. In the project tools were developed and evaluated to help teachers reflect on their professional quality. Twelve countries participated and twelve tools were tested with help of student teachers,…

  18. Ethnicity and Gender and the Quality of Teacher-Child Attachment Relationships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kesner, John E.

    This study examined how a teacher's attachment history influenced the quality of the teacher-child attachment relationship, and how racial differences between teacher and child influence the quality of the attachment relationship. Participating were 55 undergraduate education majors entering their final field placement. The sample was mostly…

  19. Teacher Quality: A Report on Teacher Preparation and Qualifications of Public School Teachers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bartfai, Nicole.

    1999-01-01

    Recently released by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)(last described in the October 16, 1998 Scout Report), this is the first in a new series of biennial reports "specifically focused on teachers' learning (both preservice and continued) and the environments in which they work." This report is based on a recent national survey which examined the issues of teacher preparation, qualifications, and work environments. "Key findings are provided in three major areas: (1) preservice learning and teaching assignment; (2) continued learning; and (3) supportive work environment." Users can read the full text online or download the report in .pdf format.

  20. Being a mindful clinical teacher: can mindfulness enhance education in a clinical setting?

    PubMed

    Dobkin, Patricia L; Laliberté, Vincent

    2014-04-01

    Mindfulness may be viewed as a vehicle to promote the healer's role in medicine. This role addresses the way in which a medical practitioner interacts with patients. The aim of this article is to highlight how mindful qualities may also enhance teaching in clinical settings. Challenges to being a mindful clinical teacher are presented along with creative ways to accommodate them. Residents play an important role in training medical students. Examples of how mindfulness influenced a psychiatric resident's teaching experiences are presented to illustrate the concepts discussed herein. The dimension of "being" in medicine, based on the humanist philosophy of Dr Karl Jaspers, is provided as a framework for this article. PMID:24571661

  1. Quality Control and Quality Assurance in Teacher Training Institutions: Messages from Botswana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopkin, A. G.

    1999-01-01

    External factors, such as university affiliation, can help improve teacher-training programs. Using the University of Botswana (UB) as an example, this paper discusses quality control and assurance; evaluates their impact on courses offered, final examinations, and teaching practice; and evaluates operational drawbacks of UB's system, suggesting…

  2. Education Vital Signs. Teachers: A Search for Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Lawrence

    2003-01-01

    Addresses teacher qualifications and certification as mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act. Teachers must know the subjects they teach. Briefly discusses teacher-preparation programs; teacher-retention rates; different pathways into teaching; teacher pay; and districts' role in assigning out-of-field teachers. (Contains three graphs.) (WFA)

  3. Teachers Involving Parents (TIP): results of an in-service teacher education program for enhancing parental involvement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen V Hoover-Dempsey; Joan M. T Walker; Kathleen P Jones; Richard P Reed

    2002-01-01

    Despite considerable theoretical and empirical work supporting the critical role of parents in students’ school success, pre-service teachers generally receive little preparation for involving parents. Responding to a need for in-service preparation, this paper reports on a program designed to enhance practicing teachers’ beliefs, skills, and strategies related to parental involvement. Results of an initial test of the program in

  4. Enhancing Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Knowledge and Practices: A Professional Development Model for Technology Teachers in Malawi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chikasanda, Vanwyk Khobidi Mbubzi; Otrel-Cass, Kathrin; Williams, John; Jones, Alister

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on a professional development that was designed and implemented in an attempt to broaden teachers' knowledge of the nature of technology and also enhance their technological pedagogical practices. The professional development was organised in four phases with each phase providing themes for reflection and teacher learning…

  5. Typology of Delivery Quality: Latent Profile Analysis of Teacher Engagement and Delivery Techniques in a School-Based Prevention Intervention, "Keepin' It REAL" Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shin, YoungJu; Miller-Day, Michelle; Pettigrew, Jonathan; Hecht, Michael L.; Krieger, Janice L.

    2014-01-01

    Enhancing the delivery quality of school-based, evidence-based prevention programs is one key to ensuring uniform program effects on student outcomes. Program evaluations often focus on content dosage when implementing prevention curricula, however, less is known about implementation quality of prevention content, especially among teachers who may…

  6. ENHANCING UNIVERSITY TEACHERS' INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY USAGE BY USING A VIRTUAL

    E-print Network

    1 ENHANCING UNIVERSITY TEACHERS' INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY USAGE BY USING A VIRTUAL) implemented to increase the use of information and communication technology (ICT) by university teachers for a training course in ICT designed to improve the university teachers' ability to use ICT in their teaching

  7. Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Conducting Research to Enhance Their Knowledge of Children's Thinking

    E-print Network

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    40 Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Conducting Research to Enhance Their Knowledge of Children-service teachers enrolled in a mathematics methods course. Subjects conducted research on children's mathematical researchers argue that there is a significant relationship between teachers' knowledge of mathematics

  8. From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gvaramadze, Irakli

    2008-01-01

    This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

  9. Grant Title: IMPROVING TEACHER QUALITY: STATE GRANTS PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    Grant Title: IMPROVING TEACHER QUALITY: STATE GRANTS PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency student academic achievement by helping to ensure that highly qualified teachers, paraprofessionals education and high-need local educational agencies for projects to improve the skills of teachers

  10. Understanding the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Teacher Quality. NCREL Quick Key 6. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Point Associates / North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL), 2004

    2004-01-01

    One of the key features of this legislation is an emphasis on teacher quality. A growing body of research has documented the importance of teacher knowledge and skill in improving student achievement. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 includes specific criteria for considering a teacher highly qualified, and other specific requirements…

  11. Trust, Vision, and Resources: Contextual Factors Influencing Elementary Teachers' Perceptions of Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolman, Joni Sarah

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation describes and explores elementary teachers' perspectives on the influence of context on the quality of teachers. Utilizing a conceptual framework developed from a reading of the extant literatures and situated participation theory, this qualitative multiple case study of four nominated elementary teachers, who have switched…

  12. An Experiment to Test the Feasibility and Quality of a Web-Based Questionnaire of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacob, Robin Tepper

    2011-01-01

    The use of web-based surveys to gather information from teachers has become increasingly common primarily based on the premise that they can reduce costs. Yet, relatively, little is known about the quality or cost effectiveness of web-based versus mail surveys for teachers. To study the efficacy of web-based teacher surveys, the author randomly…

  13. Wage Frictions and Teacher Quality: An Empirical Analysis of Differential Effects Across Subject Areas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Chris Ferguson; Greg Gilpin

    Using teacher level data from public, private, and charter schools, we examine how various school level wage frictions such as salary schedules and collective bargaining agreements affect the level of teacher quality across subject levels in U.S. high schools. We find that salary schedules have a significant negative effect on the scholastic aptitude of teachers within a school, reducing aptitude

  14. Emotional Experience, Expression, and Regulation of High-Quality Japanese Elementary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hosotani, Rika; Imai-Matsumura, Kyoko

    2011-01-01

    The present study investigates the emotional experience, expression, and regulation processes of high-quality Japanese elementary school teachers while they interact with children, in terms of teachers' emotional competence. Qualitative analysis of interview data demonstrated that teachers had various emotional experiences including self-elicited…

  15. Designing High Quality Evaluation Systems for High School Teachers: Challenges and Potential Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.

    2011-01-01

    A central part of education reform today is the wide-ranging and unprecedented effort to either revamp existing teacher evaluation systems or develop and implement entirely new systems. High-quality teacher evaluation systems are seen as one lever for improving the teacher workforce and hence the outcomes of students, including high school…

  16. Pinpointing Chinese Early Childhood Teachers' Professional Development Needs through Self-Evaluation and External Observation of Classroom Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Bi Ying; Zhou, Yisu; Li, Kejian

    2014-01-01

    This study compared Chinese kindergarten teachers' values and perceptions of program quality with trained raters' assessments of quality in order to gain insights into effective professional development for improving teacher quality. A total of 284 Chinese kindergarten teachers self-assessed the quality of their classroom teaching and…

  17. An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

    2012-01-01

    This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

  18. Responding to Teacher Quality and Accountability Mandates: The Perspective of School Administrators and Classroom Teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Roellke; Jennifer King Rice

    2008-01-01

    In this article, we examine how the federal, state, and district policy environments affect the decisions and work of principals and teachers. Specifically, we examine principal and teacher perceptions of policies and practices focused on: (1) increasing the overall supply of qualified teachers; (2) recruiting qualified teachers; (3) distributing qualified teachers to hard-to-staff schools and subject areas; and (4) retaining

  19. Science Education in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Putting Forward a Case to Enhance Student Teachers' Confidence and Competence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dawn Garbett

    2003-01-01

    New Zealand is moving towards increased qualification requirements for early childhood educators. There is an underlying assumption that there is a correlation between quality early childhood education, teacher qualifications and quality practices in teaching and learning. Two fields of literature, early childhood pedagogy and science specific pedagogy, are reviewed briefly to provide a framework with which to consider why student

  20. Quality Teacher Induction: "Fourth-Wave" (1997-2006) Induction Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Ann L.; Stanulis, Randi Nevins

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this essay is to describe quality teacher induction that has evolved from "fourth-wave" (1997-2006) teacher induction program development and research. A definition of quality induction is proposed, and a set of induction goals and components are outlined. Understandings gained from fourth-wave programs are described, including ways…

  1. Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in Pittsburgh Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Angel; Kumar, Sudipti; Waymack, Nancy

    2014-01-01

    The Pittsburgh Public Schools study is the 12th district study since the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) began studying districts in-depth in 2009. The intent of these studies is to give select communities a comprehensive look at what is happening in their local school districts that may be either helping or hurting teacher quality, and…

  2. Evaluating EFL Intermediate Teachers' Performance in the Light of Quality Standards in Saudi Arabia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Thumali, Amani Dakheel Allah

    2011-01-01

    The present research aimed at four points: First, Identifying the most appropriate standards of EFL Saudi teachers' performance in the light of quality standards. Second, designing an objective and comprehensive evaluation rubric based on quality standards to evaluate EFL Saudi intermediate teachers' performance. Third, determining to what extent…

  3. Quality Teachers for English Language Learners: A Research Synthesis. Publication Series No. 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tellez, Kip; Waxman, Hersh

    2004-01-01

    Recent political imperatives have pushed the issue of teacher quality to the top of the reform agenda in U.S. education (Cochran-Smith & Fries, 2001; Darling-Hammond & Youngs, 2002). While the recent focus on teacher quality may give us the illusion that it is a new topic, questions about the preparation, recruitment, and retention of good…

  4. The Role of Research in the Policy and Practice of Quality Teacher Education: An International Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatto, Maria Teresa

    2015-01-01

    The stated goal of current education reform is the redesign of education systems in pursuit of quality. Systems that consistently "come out on top" have excited much interest in uncovering the features that have contributed to their success; notably among these is the preparation of future teachers. Research on teacher education quality

  5. The Influence of Principal Gender, Teachers' Years of Experience, and Retention on Teacher Perceptions of Principal Leadership Style, Qualities, and Job Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eddins, Gregg M.

    2012-01-01

    One main challenge for many school districts in these tough economic times is teacher retention and all the costs associated. This study looks the influence of principal gender, teacher years of experience, and teacher retention based on teachers' perceptions of their principal's leadership style, transformational leadership qualities,…

  6. The Cost-Effectiveness of Raising Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Stuart S.

    2009-01-01

    Econometric studies suggest that student achievement may be improved if high-performing teachers are substituted for low-performing teachers. Drawing upon a recent study linking teacher performance on licensure exams with gains in student achievement, an analysis was conducted to determine the cost-effectiveness of requiring teacher applicants to…

  7. Triage or Tapestry? Teacher Unions' Work toward Improving Teacher Quality in an Era of Systemic Reform. A Research Report. Document R-03-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bascia, Nina

    2003-01-01

    This report looks at and identifies emerging trends in the roles that teacher unions play in educational reform and improving the quality of teaching. A description of the efforts of six teacher unions to improve teacher quality within the context of the current systemic reform movement shows a range and depth of union initiatives beyond what is…

  8. Science Teacher Education in Australia: Initiatives and Challenges to Improve the Quality of Teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Treagust, David F.; Won, Mihye; Petersen, Jacinta; Wynne, Georgie

    2015-02-01

    In this article, we describe how teachers in the Australian school system are educated to teach science and the different qualifications that teachers need to enter the profession. The latest comparisons of Australian students in international science assessments have brought about various accountability measures to improve the quality of science teachers at all levels. We discuss the issues and implications of government initiatives in preservice and early career teacher education programs, such as the implementation of national science curriculum, the stricter entry requirements to teacher education programs, an alternative pathway to teaching and the measure of effectiveness of teacher education programs. The politicized discussion and initiatives to improve the quality of science teacher education in Australia are still unfolding as we write in 2014.

  9. 'Being a Teacher' : Developing Teacher Identity and Enhancing Practice Through Metacognitive and Reflective Learning Processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne Patricia Graham; Renata Anne Phelps

    2003-01-01

    The discourse of reflection is now firmly embedded in a range of teacher education programs in Australia and overseas. Reflective frameworks have been used by teacher educators to offset the perennial emphasis on technically prescriptive interpretations of ‘being a teacher’. Whilst these undoubtedly contribute to the personal ‘meaning making’ of neophyte teachers, particularly in relation to practical classroom experiences, there

  10. Depressive symptoms in third-grade teachers: relations to classroom quality and student achievement.

    PubMed

    McLean, Leigh; Connor, Carol McDonald

    2015-05-01

    This study investigated associations among third-grade teachers' (N = 27) symptoms of depression, quality of the classroom-learning environment (CLE), and students' (N = 523, Mage  = 8.6 years) math and literacy performance. teachers' depressive symptoms in the winter negatively predicted students' spring mathematics achievement. This depended on students' fall mathematics scores; students who began the year with weaker math skills and were in classrooms where teachers reported more depressive symptoms achieved smaller gains than did peers whose teachers reported fewer symptoms. teachers' depressive symptoms were negatively associated with quality of CLE, and quality of CLE mediated the association between depressive symptoms and student achievement. The findings point to the importance of teachers' mental health, with implications for policy and practice. PMID:25676719

  11. The Social Reconstructionist Approach to Teacher Education: A Necessary Component to Achieving Excellence and Quality Education for All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayne, Hope

    2014-01-01

    Improving all aspects of the quality of education is dependent on preparing teachers to become critical citizens. The social reconstructionist approach to teacher education is essential to transforming an education system defined by inequity, issues of quality, and issues of access. How do pre-service teachers perceive the mission of quality

  12. Using Distance Education and ICT to Improve Access, Equity and the Quality in Rural Teachers' Professional Development in Western China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Bernadette

    2008-01-01

    The goal of "teacher quality for all" is proving difficult to achieve in many countries, especially in rural areas, yet teacher quality is a key determinant of students' participation rates and achievement levels. It also affects the attainment of social justice in terms of equity in educational quality for students. One contributor to teacher

  13. In Search of Good Teachers: Patterns of Teacher Quality in Two Mexican States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luschei, Thomas F.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses longitudinal data from Mexico's Carrera Magisterial teacher incentive program to identify teacher attributes that are positively associated with student test scores and to describe how teachers with these attributes are distributed across schools in two diverse Mexican states, Aguascalientes and Sonora. I find that teachers' scores…

  14. Changes in Student Teachers' Motives and the Meaning of Teacher Education Programme Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canrinus, E. T.; Fokkens-Bruinsma, M.

    2014-01-01

    This study provides insights into possible changes in 83 student teachers' motives for becoming teachers, their professional commitment and their self-efficacy after a year of teacher education. Furthermore, it addresses the extent to which these changes relate to student teachers' perceptions of their learning environment--specifically,…

  15. 34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Improving...teachers in the State who teach core academic subjects are highly qualified...teachers in the LEA who teach core academic subjects, including...

  16. 34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...OF EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Improving...teachers in the State who teach core academic subjects are highly qualified not later...school teachers in the LEA who teach core academic subjects, including teachers...

  17. SECURITY-ENHANCED QUALITY OF SERVICE (SQOS): A NETWORK ANALYSIS

    E-print Network

    Rojas-Cessa, Roberto

    1 of 7 SECURITY-ENHANCED QUALITY OF SERVICE (SQOS): A NETWORK ANALYSIS Pitipatana Sakarindr, Nirwan be applied to their traffic. A security- enhanced quality of service-based (SQoS) network has been presented intertwined; security mechanisms may severely affect QoS mechanisms in terms of network performance and data

  18. The National Teacher Enhancement Program (K-8) coordinated by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Richmond, C.R.

    1991-01-01

    Teachers need help, not harassment. So do the establishments in which teachers practice their profession. Community resources must be marshalled to provide help to local schools and teachers. In 1990 the National Science Foundation (NSF) established a unique educational activity named the National Teacher Enhancement Program (NTEP). NSF took advantage of the Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored educational programs and resources at several large DOE contractor labs that had had prior experience with DOE supported teacher enhancement programs. While DOE concentrated on teacher enhancement activities for secondary teachers, the NSF concentrated on teachers from grades K-8. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is the lead organization for both administering and coordinating the grant. Other participating laboratories are Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FERMI), Battelle-Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL) with some support functions provided by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU). The program calls for a three week duration workshop to be conducted at each lab followed by in-service training and other activities during the year. The NSF/NTEP protocol calls for networking among the participating organizations and some of the teachers. An assessment effort is also an integral part of the program. 2 refs.

  19. The enhancement of primary students’ participation in science through teacher’s questioning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mehrunnisa

    2000-01-01

    Teachers' questioning is an integral part of the teaching-learning process. It is an extensively researched topic due to its heavy influence on students' learning and participation, in all disciplines. Most of the researchers have focused on identifying the relationship between teachers' questioning and students' outcomes i.e. learning. Moreover, most of the studies in the area of teacher's questioning have been

  20. Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garbett, Dawn

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal.…

  1. Prospective Teachers' Views about Video-Enhanced General Biology Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çetin, Gülcan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to determine the views of the prospective physics and chemistry teachers about the video-enhanced General Biology instruction. The participants included 19 second-year prospective teachers (10 in Physics and 9 in Chemistry Education) at Necatibey Faculty of Education, Balikesir University, Turkey in the 2011-2012 academic…

  2. Identifying barriers to technology-enhanced learning environments in teacher education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Wedman; Laura Diggs

    2001-01-01

    Creating technology-enhanced learning environments is a particularly challenging task when the environment includes a complex set of actual and virtual features. The challenge is readily evident in teacher education programs attempting to prepare future educators to use technology in their teaching. Unfortunately, most of these attempts have been marginally successful. What factors are restraining teacher education programs in terms of

  3. Enhancing Pre-Service Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Skills of Using the Geometer's Sketchpad through Lesson Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meng, Chew Cheng; Sam, Lim Chap

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to enhance pre-service secondary mathematics teachers' skills of using the Geometer's Sketchpad (GSP) through Lesson Study. Twenty-four Lesson Study groups each comprising four or five pre-service secondary mathematics teachers who attended a mathematics teaching methods course in a local public university were set up…

  4. Enhancing Teacher Health Literacy in School Health Promotion: A Vision for the New Millennium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Fred L.; Cooper, Randy J.; Laird, Justin M.

    2001-01-01

    Reviews a traditional model for school health teacher preparation, presenting an alternative model for enhancing health literacy in teacher education which offers an innovative instructional paradigm, the Child and Adolescent Health (CAH) Logic Framework. This model emphasizes links between child and adolescent health research and theory, CAH…

  5. Effectiveness of Summer 1996 Teacher Enhancement Institute at Saint Vincent College, Latrobe, Pennsylvania. Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giles, Thomas

    During the 1996 Teacher Enhancement Institute (TEI) on the campus of Saint Vincent College in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, a very diverse group of teachers actively pursued instructional improvement through workshops in thinking skills, content area, and group seminars for a period of 4 weeks. This report contains evidence of improved teaching skills in…

  6. Findings from the Multi-Agency Study of Teacher Enhancement Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frechtling, Joy; Katzenmeyer, Conrad

    This chapter presents the results for the Multi-Agency Study of Teacher Enhancement Programs, a study of professional development programs believed to represent best practices in professional development for science teachers. Working through an interagency government task force coordinated by the National Science Foundation (NSF), representatives…

  7. Social Powers and Effective Classroom Management: Enhancing Teacher-Student Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alderman, Gary L.; Green, Susan K.

    2011-01-01

    As many educators can attest, the quality of teacher-student relationships often has enormous impact on student success at every level. When teacher-student relationships improve, concurrent improvements in classroom behavior such as reductions in aggression and increases in compliance with rules can be expected. Students have also shown…

  8. Investigating the Relationship Between Pharmacy Students’ Achievement Goal Orientations and Preferred Teacher Qualities

    PubMed Central

    Sainsbury, Erica; Rose, Grenville; Smith, Lorraine

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To investigate the relationships between pharmacy students’ preferred teacher qualities and their academic achievement goal orientations. Methods. Participants completed an achievement goal questionnaire and a build-a-teacher task. For the latter, students were given a $20 hypothetical budget to purchase amounts of 9 widely valued teachersqualities. Results. Three hundred sixty-six students participated. Students spent most of their budget on the traits of enthusiasm, expertise, and clear presentation style, and the least amount of money on interactive teaching, reasonable workload, warm personality, and intellectually challenging. In relation to achievement goals, negative associations were found between avoidance goals and preferences for teachers who encourage rigorous thinking and self-direction. Conclusion. These novel findings provide a richer profile of the ways students respond to their learning environment. Understanding the relationships between teachers’ characteristics and pharmacy students’ achievement goal orientations will contribute to improving the quality of pharmacy learning and teaching environments. PMID:25258440

  9. Formative Assessment of Teacher Learning: Issues about Quality, Design Characteristics and Impact on Teacher Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Kari

    2013-01-01

    deeper understanding of assessment of, as, and for teaching. The alert reader might have noticed that the title of this author's contribution is not "Formative Assessment of Teachers", but "Formative Assessment of Teacher Learning". In her opinion…

  10. Do Alternative Opportunities Matter? The Role of Female Labor Markets in the Decline of Teacher Quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marigee P. Bacolod

    2007-01-01

    This paper documents the widely perceived but little investigated notion that teachers today are less qualified than they once were. Evidence of a marked decline in the quality of young women going into teaching between 1960 and 1990 is presented, using standardized test scores, undergraduate institution selectivity, and positive assortative mating characteristics as indicators of quality. In contrast, the quality

  11. Do Alternative Opportunities Matter? The Role of Female Labor Markets in the Decline of Teacher Quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marigee Bacolod

    2006-01-01

    This paper documents the widely perceived but little investigated notion that teachers today are less qualified than they once were. Using standardized test scores, undergraduate institution selectivity, and positive assortative mating characteristics as measures of quality, evidence of a marked decline in the quality of young women going into teaching between 1960 and 1990 is presented. In contrast, the quality

  12. Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

  13. Teacher Pension Systems, the Composition of the Teaching Workforce, and Teacher Quality. Working Paper 72

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koedel, Cory; Podgursky, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Teacher pension systems target retirements within a narrow range of the career cycle by penalizing individuals who separate too soon or remain employed too long. The penalties result in the retention of some teachers who would otherwise choose to leave, and the premature exit of some teachers who would otherwise choose to stay. We examine how the…

  14. Teacher Pension Systems, the Composition of the Teaching Workforce, and Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koedel, Cory; Podgursky, Michael; Shi, Shishan

    2013-01-01

    Teacher pension systems concentrate retirements within a narrow range of the career cycle by penalizing individuals who separate too soon or remain employed too long. The penalties result in the retention of some teachers who would otherwise choose to leave, and the premature exit of some teachers who would otherwise choose to stay. We examine the…

  15. Observation and Teacher Quality: Critical Analysis of Observational Instruments in Preservice Teacher Performance Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caughlan, Samantha; Jiang, Heng

    2014-01-01

    Teacher preparation programs commonly use observational instruments to assess the progress and the exit performances of teacher candidates. However, while these instruments have been described and several have been studied for effectiveness, the field lacks a close examination of how they position participants: teacher candidates, K-12 pupils, and…

  16. Mathematics Teacher Quality: Its Distribution and Relationship with Student Achievement in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Özel, Zeynep Ebrar Yetkiner; Özel, Serkan

    2013-01-01

    A main purpose of the present study was to investigate the distribution of qualified mathematics teachers in relation to students' socioeconomic status (SES), as measured by parental education, among Turkish middle schools. Further, relationships between mathematics teacher quality indicators and students' mathematics achievement were…

  17. Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) Program Application Process and Grant Awards. Commission Report 05-11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The federal Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program--Title II-A of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001--provides funding for partnerships between Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs) and Local Education Agencies (LEAs) to support professional development for teachers. The California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC) administers…

  18. Allocating Quality: Collective Bargaining Agreements and Administrative Discretion over Teacher Assignment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

    2007-01-01

    Background: School leaders argue that to make the improvements in both quality and equity that government mandates demand, they need more flexibility with regard to personnel management--specifically, teacher assignment. According to some, such flexibility is constrained by collective bargaining between teachers unions and school districts.…

  19. Improving Teacher Quality Program: 2009 Grants and Current Activity. Report 09-24

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sidarous, Natalie

    2009-01-01

    California Postsecondary Education Commission's (CPEC's) Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program (ITQ) awards $8 million annually to support university-based teacher professional development projects. The program is funded by the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. CPEC awards these grant funds through a competitive process involving…

  20. Preschool Teachers' Sense of Community, Instructional Quality, and Children's Language and Literacy Gains

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guo, Ying; Kaderavek, Joan N.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Justice, Laura M.; McGinty, Anita

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: This study investigated relations among preschool teachers' (n = 75) sense of community, classroom language and literacy instructional quality, and children's (n = 398) gains in vocabulary and print concept knowledge during an academic year. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) results indicated that teachers' language and…

  1. Futures in Quality Education: An Alternative Career Pathway from Paraprofessional to Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrego, Jesus; Abrego, Michelle H.; Perez, Elva Cerda; Ramirez, Reynaldo, Jr.

    The Futures in Quality Education Workforce (FQEW) program provides current teacher aides and school secretaries an alternative pathway to becoming credentialed teachers. Offered by the University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College in conjunction with 12 local school districts, the program offers alternative coursework and…

  2. Predictors of Study Success from a Teacher's Perspective of the Quality of the Built Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kok, Herman; Mobach, Mark; Omta, Onno

    2015-01-01

    The article aims to find predictors of study success from a teacher's perspective that relate to the built environment. The research is based on a national online survey among 1752 teachers at 18 Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences. Multivariate data analyses were used to test the hypothesis that the quality of spatial and functional aspects at…

  3. Getting beyond Talk: State Leadership Needed To Improve Teacher Quality. Educational Benchmarks 2000 Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornett, Lynn M.

    This report restates selected Southern Regional Education Board policy recommendations on teacher quality since the early 1980s, outlines key policy areas that need attention, and provides examples of state actions to make needed changes. Regarding teacher preparation, the report discusses university responsibility, partnerships with schools, and…

  4. Teacher-Reported Quality of Schooling Indicators in Botswana Primary Schools: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ntinda, Kayi; Ntinda, Magdalene Nakalowa; Mpofu, Elias

    2015-01-01

    This study examined teacher self-reported views on quality indicators in Botswana primary schools. A purposively selected sample of primary school teachers in the city of Gaborone, Botswana (N = 72, females = 56; males = 16; mean age = 39 years, SD = 7.17 years; mean years of service = 15.6; SD= 8 years; public schools = 65%; private schools =…

  5. Promoting Quality Teaching: New Approaches to Compensation and Career Pathways. Perspectives from Accomplished California Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Board Resource Center at Stanford University, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This report identifies what are thought to be smart ways to redesign career paths and compensation for California teachers. It is known which changes are most likely to improve both teaching quality and student achievement, because these changes address what really matters in schools and what motivates teachers. These are not the traditional and…

  6. Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

    2010-01-01

    Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

  7. Motivation and Quality of Work Life among Secondary School EFL Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baleghizadeh, Sasan; Gordani, Yahya

    2012-01-01

    This study set out to investigate the relationship between quality of work life and teacher motivation among 160 secondary school English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers in Tehran, Iran. In addition, 30 of the participants were randomly selected to take part in follow-up interviews which asked why they felt the way they reported. The results…

  8. Missed Opportunities: How We Keep High-Quality Teachers out of Urban Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Jessica; Quinn, Meredith

    This report examines urban district hiring practices and their effect on applicant attrition and teacher quality, analyzing data from four hard-to-staff urban districts collected via telephone surveys with applicants who left for other districts, written surveys, focus groups with preservice and inservice teachers, and applicant tracking data.…

  9. Teacher Education Accreditation in Turkey: The Creation of a Culture of Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grossman, Gary M.; Sands, Margaret K.; Brittingham, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    Turkey's experience in developing and piloting accreditation criteria and national standards for teacher education is examined. The full implementation of an accreditation process for teacher education programs was not completed within the time of the development project. However, the effort to do so encouraged the formation of a "quality culture"…

  10. Teacher Knowledge, Curriculum Materials, and Quality of Instruction: Unpacking a Complex Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Hill, Heather C.

    2012-01-01

    The set of papers presented in this issue comprise a multiple-case study which attends to instructional resources--teacher knowledge and curriculum materials--to understand how they individually and jointly contribute to instructional quality. We approach this inquiry by comparing lessons taught by teachers with differing mathematical knowledge…

  11. Assessing Quality of Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Written Arguments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydeniz, Mehmet; Gürçay, Deniz

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of scientific arguments developed by pre-service physics teachers. Sample: The participants were 171 pre-service physics teachers recruited from two universities: 86 from University A and 85 from University B. Design and method: Participants were prompted to develop a written argument to…

  12. Quality Enhancement on E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ossiannilsson, E. S. I.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Benchmarking, a method for quality assurance has not been very commonly used in higher education with regard to e-learning. Today, e-learning is an integral part of higher education, and so should also be an integral part of quality assurance systems. However, quality indicators, benchmarks and critical success factors on e-learning have…

  13. Promoting Quality in Teaching through Diversity. A Report on the North Carolina Public Policy Forum. An Event of the North Carolina Consortium To Increase the Quality and Supply of Minority Teachers (May 30-31, 1996).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Education Foundation, Atlanta, GA.

    This conference report includes summaries of the following presentations: (1) "Overview and Opening Remarks" (Elridge W. McMillen); (2) Luncheon Address: "Diversity Equals Quality" (Joseph Vaughan); (3) "Overview of North Carolina Consortium Projects" (Nathaniel Jackson); (4) Session 1: "Academic Enhancement for Teacher Ed Students" (Zoe Locklear…

  14. The Quality of Teacher Work Life Survey: A Preliminary Report on a Measure of Teacher Stress and Job Satisfaction and the Implications for School Counselors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelsma, Dennis M.; And Others

    The measurement of job-related stress and job satisfaction in teaching is important for both the present and future well-being of teachers. This study investigated the psychometric characteristics of the Quality of Teacher Work Life Survey (QTWL) and examined which factors can be addressed by the school counselor in working to improve teacher

  15. Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Public Schools Keeping Their Best? CEDR Working Paper No. 2010-2.0

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we examine the mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality, measured using value-added estimates of teacher performance. Unlike previous studies that have examined these issues, we focus on the variation in these effects across the effectiveness distribution. We find that, on average, more effective teachers tend to stay in…

  16. Teacher Induction and Elementary Science Teaching: Enhancing Self-Efficacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulholland, Judith; Wallace, John

    2001-01-01

    Followed an elementary teacher during her transition from preservice to inservice teaching, examining influences on her science teaching efficacy beliefs. Data from teacher interviews, observations, and journal writings indicated that mastery experience and verbal and other forms of social persuasion were the major sources of influence for…

  17. Enhancing Teacher Moral Judgment in Difficult Political Times: Swimming Upstream

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benninga, Jacques S.; Sparks, Richard K.; Tracz, Susan M.

    2011-01-01

    Teachers at eight elementary schools in a large metropolitan school district participated in a multi-year program of professional ethical dilemma discussions that took place at monthly school meetings over a two-year or three-year period and focused on real-life situations faced by elementary school teachers. Discussions were structured using the…

  18. Training teachers to enhance personal causation in students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret W. Cohen; Andrea M. Emrich; Richard deCharms

    1976-01-01

    If a teacher can be trained to know that one method of teaching results in desirable outcomes whereas another method does not, can it be assumed that the teacher will know how to use the desirable method and will in fact want to try it? Current psychological research is strongly influenced by the assumption that cognition is the key to

  19. Enhancing teacher health literacy in school health promotion: a vision for the new millennium.

    PubMed

    Peterson, F L; Cooper, R J; Laird, J M

    2001-04-01

    While the National Health Education Standards focused interest and attention on student (consumer) health literacy, equal attention should be given to teacher (provider) health literacy. Teacher health literacy may be defined as "the capacity of teachers to obtain, interpret, and understand basic health information and services, with the competence to use such information and services in ways that enhance the learning of health concepts and skills by school students." This paper reviews a traditional model for school health teacher preparation, then presents an alternative, university field-tested model for enhancing health literacy in teacher education. This new model presents an innovative instructional paradigm, the Child and Adolescent Health (CAH) Logic Framework. This training model (vision) illustrates and emphasizes the link between child and adolescent health research and theory, CAH information, and application to health education, public policy, medical care, and health advocacy. PMID:11354982

  20. Teachers Involving Parents (TIP): An in-service teacher education program for enhancing parental involvement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen V. Hoover-dempsey; Joan M. Walker; Kathleen P. Jones; Richard P. Reed

    Abstract Because parental involvement in children=s education has been associated with positive outcomes for students, teacher skills for engaging parental involvement are an important area of professional development. An in-service education program ( Teachers Involving Parents [TIP]) was designed to increase elementary and middle school teachers=invitations to parental involvement by strengthening participants=sense of teaching efficacy, beliefs about parents= efficacy for

  1. Music Teacher Quality and the Problem of Routine Expertise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allsup, Randall Everett

    2015-01-01

    Education in the twenty-first century witnessed a profound shift in emphasis from the teacher to the learner, or from pedagogical inputs to learner outcomes. According to neoliberal logic, the teacher is the primary value-add in a relationship that is best characterized as cause (instruction) and effect (learner outcome). As a result, the problem…

  2. Implementing Promising Practices to Prepare Quality Teacher Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gentry, Ruben

    2012-01-01

    The United States does more than just talk; it invests a lot of money in public education. While students are the major focus of concern, teachers are a mainstay in the enterprise. In 2002, the U.S. invested $192 billion in teacher pay and benefits. More than 50% of all dollars allocated by the government for education is paid in salaries for…

  3. Are We Sure the Quality of Teacher Candidates is Declining?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallegos, Arnold M.; Gibson, Harry

    1982-01-01

    Data suggest that self-selection is weeding out the poorer students in the teacher education program at Western Washington University. The grade point average of freshmen, although declining for the university as a whole, is rising in teacher education. (Author/JM)

  4. Selecting and Preparing Quality Teachers from the Personnel Pool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dandy, Evelyn Baker

    The Pathways to Teaching Program is answering Georgia's call for minority teachers by offering noncertified school district employees with exemplary work records, above average college grades, and sincere commitment to teaching, tuition and other support to take college courses and become certified as teachers. In return, scholars contract to…

  5. How Principals "Bridge and Buffer" the New Demands of Teacher Quality and Accountability: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of Teacher Hiring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutledge, Stacey A.; Harris, Douglas N.; Ingle, William K.

    2010-01-01

    In this mixed-methods study, we examine the degree to which district- and building-level administrators accommodate teacher-quality and test-based accountability policies in their hiring practices. We find that administrators negotiated local hiring goals with characteristics emphasized by federal and state teacher-quality policies, such as…

  6. Principals' Approaches to Developing Teacher Quality: Constraints and Opportunities in Hiring, Assigning, Evaluating, and Developing Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Morgaen L.

    2011-01-01

    There is growing evidence that, of all school resources, teachers have the largest impact on student achievement. Principals arguably play the most important role in ensuring that excellent teaching occurs in their school. How principals hire teachers, assign them to specific positions, evaluate them, and provide growth opportunities for them…

  7. Para-Teacher Scheme and Quality Education for All in India: Policy Perspectives and Challenges for School Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pandey, Saroj

    2006-01-01

    Improvement in the quality, efficiency, and equity of education, to a considerable extent, depends on the nexus of teaching and learning, which is in turn influenced by the quality of teachers. The teacher has been identified as the single most important factor influencing the quality of education by the Indian Education Commission and the…

  8. Teachers and Laypersons Discern Quality Differences between Narratives Produced by Children with or without SLI

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Robyn M.; McGregor, Karla K.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the functional impact of specific language impairment (SLI). Specific goals were to determine whether (a) subjective ratings of narrative quality differentiate children with SLI from their normally developing (ND) age-mates, (b) laypersons and teachers differ in their ratings of narrative quality, (c) objective measures confirm…

  9. Teacher Professional Learning: "Learning to WALK" and the NSW Quality Teaching Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Steve; Powell, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on a research case study, conducted in a school in Western Sydney, Australia, in which teachers worked with researchers and students to create learning experiences that reflected both intellectual quality and significance--two dimensions of the NSW Quality Teaching Framework (QTF). Findings suggest that these dimensions of the…

  10. Classroom Quality Rating Systems: How Do Teachers Prepare and What Do They Think about the Process?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott-Little, Catherine; Brown, E. Glyn; Hooks, Laura McDonald; Marshall, Betty Jo

    2008-01-01

    Working with the South Carolina Department of Education, the authors surveyed prekindergarten and kindergarten teachers whose schools participated in a quality rating system to see what they did to get ready for the observation and what they thought of the evaluation process. The authors also asked them what they thought about the quality of their…

  11. Raising the Bar of Teacher Quality: Accountability, Collaboration, and Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganley, DeLacy Derin; Quintanar, Anita P.; Loop, Lisa S.

    2007-01-01

    Historically, reform efforts to address poor student achievement have focused on a variety of issues other than teacher quality. Movements such as TQM (Total Quality Management), class size reduction (CSR), school leadership, parental involvement, and multicultural curriculum have not directly addressed the power or influence of the individual…

  12. Semi-automatic enhancement of very low quality fingerprints

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raffaele Cappelli; Dario Maio; Davide Maltoni

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we propose a semi-automatic approach for the enhancement of very low quality fingerprints such as latent fingerprints. A specific markup tool is designed to allow fingerprint examiners to simply and quickly provide sparse estimates of local orientations and frequencies. These estimates are then interpolated though Delaunay triangulation and fed to a contextual Gabor-based enhancement algorithm that significantly

  13. ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL (QUAL2EU)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The enhanced stream water quality model QUAL2E and QUAL2E-UNCAS (37) permits simulation of several water quality constituents in a branching stream system using a finite difference solution to the one-dimensional advective-dispersive mass transport and reaction equation. The con...

  14. A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

  15. Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Enhancing Teacher-Student Communications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Childers, John H., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Defines Neurolinguistic Programming (NCP) and discusses specific dimensions of the model that have applications for classroom teaching. Describes five representational systems individuals use to process information and gives examples of effective and ineffective teacher-student communication for each system. (MCF)

  16. Considering Professional Identity to Enhance Agriculture Teacher Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoulders, Catherine W.; Myers, Brian E.

    2011-01-01

    The professional identity secondary agriculture teachers display can affect their receptiveness and interest in different professional development events, yet is often overlooked when designing professional development because it is not included in the consensus of proven methods of professional development design and delivery (Desimone, 2009).…

  17. Enhancing Teacher Well-Being: Put On Your Oxygen Masks!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hills, Kimberly J.; Robinson, Ashley

    2010-01-01

    Every day, teachers have the opportunity to have great impact on the lives of children through their leadership in the classroom. Their positive influence in the classroom is critical to meeting the challenges of educating and guiding young minds to their full potential. Recent research offers a number of strategies for promoting the five…

  18. Enhancing Reasoning Attitudes of Prospective Elementary School Mathematics Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peretz, Dvora

    2006-01-01

    This article presents a constructivist approach for teaching mathematics to prospective elementary school teachers in USA. This approach employs a model of a "mathematical situation," a set of physical operations and a physical language to reason about students' mathematical doings. One of the primary goals of this approach is to promote a…

  19. An Examination of the Impact of Teacher Quality and "Opportunity Gap" on Student Science Achievement in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Danhui; Campbell, Todd

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to better understand questions related to the impact of teacher quality and access to qualified teachers in China. A large-scale data set collected in 2010 in China was used along with concurrently collected teacher questionnaires. In total, surveys from 9,943 8th grade students from 343 middle schools in 6 provinces were used,…

  20. Perceived Quality of Teacher Education Programs in Turkey: Basic Issues and Their Application to Turkish Public Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gok, Enes

    2013-01-01

    The Turkish education system has confronted radical changes over the last few years, as well as problems associated with it. In this context, the Turkish teacher education system attracts a lot of attention due to its role as the main teacher provider. Specifically, the quality of the teachers and the programs used to train them are being…

  1. Contribution of a Professional Development Programme to the Quality and Retention of Teachers in an Urban Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaikhorst, Lisa; Beishuizen, Jos J.; Zijlstra, Bonne J. H.; Volman, Monique L. L.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the effects of a professional development programme aimed at equipping teachers for the challenges of teaching in urban schools. The contribution of the programme to teacher quality and teacher retention was evaluated using a mixed research design in which both quantitative (N?=?133) and qualitative (N?=?42) approaches were…

  2. The Role of the Mentor in Supporting New Teachers: Associations with Self-Efficacy, Reflection, and Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Davis, Emily; Wiens, Peter; Pianta, Robert

    2012-01-01

    In our study, we examined variation in mentoring aspects of an induction program for 77 novice teachers and associations with self-efficacy, reflection, and quality of student-teacher interactions. Mentors' previous experience and full- vs. part-time status predicted novices' perception of support, reflection, and observed student-teacher

  3. Illinois Improving Teacher Quality State Grants: Learning about STEM Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Dianne C.

    2011-01-01

    As a necessary preliminary for this issue on Illinois' experience with school-university partnerships to provide teacher development opportunities, this article provides a review of the literature relevant to such programs. As the evaluation and assessment have changed over the years since the Eisenhower grants period, the author explains the…

  4. Redesigning Teacher Preparation: A Collaborative Initiative for Quality Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lara, Margarita; Malveaux, LeKesha R.

    Texas Southern University (TSU) is one of five institutions of higher learning involved in a collaborative partnership to redesign its teacher preparation program. Newly revised curriculum reflects best teaching practices supported by the use of technology. The Greater Houston Partnership is a 5-year project involving the five institutions, six…

  5. Quality Assessment by Science Teachers: Five Focus Areas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Frances

    2013-01-01

    In order to teach science well, science teachers need to know what to focus on in order to ensure their assessment of student learning is meaningful and useful for the students' on going learning and development. The diversity and range of content and skills within the subject of science mean that the assessment capabilities required by…

  6. Online Learning Community Development with Teachers as a Means of Enhancing Initial Teacher Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hramiak, Alison

    2010-01-01

    A purpose-built blend of teaching and learning activities was used with trainee teachers on a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) course, and subsequently evaluated in a cyclical action research study, over a period of two years. The purpose of the blend was to engender the formation of a learning community, by giving them access to each…

  7. Enhancing Teachers' Technological Knowledge and Assessment Practices to Enhance Student Learning in Technology: A Two-year Classroom Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moreland, Judy; Jones, Alister; Northover, Ann

    2001-02-01

    This paper reports on a two-year classroom investigation of primary school (Years 1-8) technology education. The first year of the project explored emerging classroom practices in technology. In the second year intervention strategies were developed to enhance teaching, learning and assessment practices. Findings from the first year revealed that assessment was often seen in terms of social and managerial aspects, such as teamwork, turn taking and co-operative skills, rather than procedural and conceptual technological aspects. Existing formative interactions with students distorted the learning away from the procedural and conceptual aspects of the subject. The second year explored the development of teachers' technological knowledge in order to enhance formative assessment practices in technology, to inform classroom practice in technology, and to enhance student learning. Intervention strategies were designed to enhance the development of procedural, conceptual, societal and technical aspects of technology for teachers and students. The results from this intervention were very positive. This paper highlights the importance of developing teacher expertise pertaining to broad concepts of technology, detailed concepts in different technological areas and general pedagogical knowledge. The findings from this research therefore have implications for thinking about teaching, learning and assessment in technology.

  8. The Role of the Mentor in Supporting New Teachers: Associations with Self-Efficacy, Reflection, and Quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer LoCasale-Crouch; Emily Davis; Peter Wiens; Robert Pianta

    2012-01-01

    In our study, we examined variation in mentoring aspects of an induction program for 77 novice teachers and associations with self-efficacy, reflection, and quality of student–teacher interactions. Mentors’ previous experience and full- vs. part-time status predicted novices’ perception of support, reflection, and observed student–teacher interactions. Time spent with a mentor, participation in mentor-facilitated professional development activities and the quality of

  9. To What Extent Do Teacher-Student Interaction Quality and Student Gender Contribute to Fifth Graders' Engagement in Mathematics Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Baroody, Alison E.; Larsen, Ross A. A.; Curby, Timothy W.; Abry, Tashia

    2015-01-01

    This study examines concurrent teacher-student interaction quality and 5th graders' (n = 387) engagement in mathematics classrooms (n = 63) and considers how teacher-student interaction quality relates to engagement differently for boys and girls. Three approaches were used to measure student engagement in mathematics: Research assistants observed…

  10. Pre-Service Teachers: Dispositional Traits, Emotional States, and Quality of Teacher-Student Interactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ripski, Michael B.; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Decker, Lauren

    2011-01-01

    Given the interactive nature of teaching, dispositional characteristics (i.e., traits that dispose a person towards certain behaviors, choices, and experiences) like assertiveness and openness or emotional states such as sadness, worry, and stress may play important roles in a teacher's ability to interact in meaningful, engaging, and effective…

  11. Teacher Research in Secondary Education: Effects on Teachers' Professional and School Development, and Issues of Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meijer, Paulien C.; Oolbekkink, Helma W.; Meirink, Jacobiene A.; Lockhorst, Ditte

    2013-01-01

    This article describes an empirical exploration of three initiatives in which teachers in secondary education (learn to) research their own practice in collaboration with university-based research institutes, aiming at professional development and knowledge construction. We found evidence of professional development, mainly at the level of the…

  12. Quality Evaluation and Quality Enhancement in Preschool: A Model of Competence Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheridan, Sonja

    2001-01-01

    Examined whether preschool quality could be enhanced through competence development in teaching staff simultaneous to organizational changes and financial cutbacks. Tested a model for competence development with an intervention group that took part in a competence development program. Found that the development work led to a higher quality in…

  13. Genetic enhancement of Brassica napus seed quality.

    PubMed

    Hannoufa, Abdelali; Pillai, Bhinu V S; Chellamma, Sreekala

    2014-02-01

    The ultimate value of the Brassica napus (canola) seed is derived from the oil fraction, which has long been recognized for its premium dietary attributes, including its low level of saturated fatty acids, high content of monounsaturated fatty acids, and favorable omega-3 fatty acid profile. However, the protein (meal) portion of the seed has also received favorable attention for its essential amino acids, including abundance of sulfur-containing amino acids, such that B. napus protein is being contemplated for large scale use in livestock and fish feed formulations. Efforts to optimize the composition of B. napus oil and protein fractions are well documented; therefore, this article will review research concerned with optimizing secondary metabolites that affect the quality of seed oil and meal, from undesirable anti-nutritional factors to highl value beneficial products. The biological, agronomic, and economic values attributed to secondary metabolites have brought much needed attention to those in Brassica oilseeds and other crops. This review focuses on increasing levels of beneficial endogenous secondary metabolites (such as carotenoids, choline and tochopherols) and decreasing undesirable antinutritional factors (glucosinolates, sinapine and phytate). Molecular genetic approaches are given emphasis relative to classical breeding. PMID:23979711

  14. 100 Ways to Enhance Self-Concept in the Classroom: A Handbook for Teachers and Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canfield, Jack; Wells, Harold C.

    This handbook for teachers and parents presents 100 practical and easily applicable ways to enhance the self-concept of children in the classroom or at home. The techniques are drawn from many of the newer approaches to self-development such as gestalt therapy, psychosynthesis, guided fantasy, sensory awareness, transactional analysis, expressive…

  15. Enhancing Pre-Service Elementary Teachers' Conceptual Understanding of Solution Chemistry with Conceptual Change Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa; Coll, Richard Kevin

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on the use of a constructivist-based pedagogy to enhance understanding of some features of solution chemistry. Pre-service science teacher trainees' prior knowledge about the dissolution of salts and sugar in water were elicited by the use of a simple diagnostic tool. The test revealed widespread alternative conceptions. These…

  16. Introducing Mobile Technology for Enhancing Teaching and Learning in Bangladesh: Teacher Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shohel, M. Mahruf C.; Power, Tom

    2010-01-01

    This paper reviews the themes emerging from Bangladeshi teachers' experiences of taking part in the initial research and the development stage of a professional development programme they were involved with. The Secondary Teaching and Learning Programme is an information and communications technologies-enhanced supported open distance learning…

  17. Using Combinations of Software To Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Critical Thinking Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oppong, Nicholas K.; Russell, Alan

    1998-01-01

    Utilizes the study of quadratic equations to illustrate the use of combinations of software to enhance critical thinking in preservice mathematics teachers. Concludes that the use of multiple software enriches students' learning experiences and improves their critical-thinking skills. (ASK)

  18. School-Based Teachers' Professional Development through Technology-Enhanced Learning in Bangladesh

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shohel, M. Mahruf C.; Banks, Frank

    2012-01-01

    To promote significant pedagogical change, the most successful teacher education programmes for the global south happen in the school context. This paper is based on a pre-pilot intervention study of an international education development programme in Bangladesh. Technology-enhanced learning, in this case the use of the Apple[R] iPod[R] (iPod…

  19. Teacher Unions and TQE: Building Quality Labor Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Streshly, William A.; DeMitchell, Todd A.

    This book is designed to provide school administrators and labor leaders with ideas about how to improve school district labor relations by incorporating the principles of Total Quality Management (TQM). In schools that apply the principles of Total Quality Education (TQE)--that is TQM as it modified to school practice--labor and management can…

  20. Water Quality Indicators Guide [and Teacher's Handbook]: Surface Waters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terrell, Charles R.; Perfetti, Patricia Bytnar

    This guide aids in finding water quality solutions to problems from sediment, animal wastes, nutrients, pesticides, and salts. The guide allows users to learn the fundamental concepts of water quality assessment by extracting basic tenets from geology, hydrology, biology, ecology, and wastewater treatment. An introduction and eight chapters are…

  1. Investigating the Distribution of Teacher Quality by Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status of Students by School in One Large School District

    E-print Network

    McGlohn, Robin

    2012-07-16

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between teacher quality variables, student demographic variables, and student performance in order to determine the influence teacher quality variables have on student performance in one...

  2. Brain drain? Recruitment and retention of high quality teachers in Norway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arne Mastekaasa

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines whether graduates of high academic quality (as measured by their university or university college Grade Point Average or GPA) are recruited to and remain in school jobs. Extensive data from Norwegian administrative registers are used. The analyses show that graduates from specialised and concurrent general teacher programmes go into and remain in school employment to an overwhelming

  3. Quality Indicators for Competitive Employment Outcomes: What Special Education Teachers Need to Know in Transition Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooke, Valerie Ann; Revell, Grant; Wehman, Paul

    2009-01-01

    The quality of job outcomes achieved by youth with disabilities who are transitioning into employment varies widely across the country. Special education teachers, youth with disabilities, families, community rehabilitation program (CRP) staff providing employment services, and others involved in assisting transitioning youth can benefit from a…

  4. The Effect of the Adoption of the Quality Philosophy by Teachers on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandifer, Cody Clark

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the adoption of the Deming philosophy by teachers and use of the LtoJ[R] process resulted in greater academic achievement. Results of internal consistency analysis indicated that the instrument, the "Commitment to Quality Inventory for Educators," was a reliable measure of the Deming philosophy for…

  5. Parent Involvement as a Predictor of Teacher–Child Relationship Quality in Third Grade

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amanda J. Wyrick; Kathleen Moritz Rudasill

    2009-01-01

    Research Findings: Research on teacher–child relationships is important, as the quality of this relationship is linked to numerous child outcomes in the areas of academic and social functioning. In addition, parent involvement has been identified as a significant factor in the successful development of a child. This study attempted to join these two lines of research by assessing the extent

  6. Early Education Quality: Higher Teacher Qualifications for Better Living Environments. A Review of the Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitebook, Marcy

    Driven in part by research findings in early childhood development, the academic, business, and policy communities now recognize that high-quality preschool programs are an important way to help children reach their full potential. Although some current research suggests that teacher preparation at the four-year college degree level is the best…

  7. Water Quality: Water Education for Teachers. A 4-H School Enrichment Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, G. Morgan; Kling, Emily B.

    This looseleaf notebook is a teacher resource package that is designed for enrichment program use. It contains five units dealing with water quality: (1) The Water Cycle; (2) Our Water Supply; (3) Waste/Water Treatment; (4) Water Conservation; (5) Water Pollution. The units provide background information, experiments, stories, poems, plays, and…

  8. Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources and…

  9. Teacher Perceptions of Principals' Leadership Qualities: A Mixed Methods Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauserman, Calvin P.; Ivankova, Nataliya V.; Stick, Sheldon L.

    2007-01-01

    This mixed method study used survey research, open-ended questions, and interviews to identify transformational leadership qualities among principals of publicly funded schools in the Province of Alberta, Canada. Five-hundred-nine teachers (37.7%) from a random sample of schools in the province completed the Multifactor leadership Questionnaire…

  10. Teachers' Quality, Instructional Strategies and Students' Performance in Secondary School Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okoye, Nnamid S.; Momoh, Solomon O.; Aigbomian, Daniel O.; Okecha, Rita Ebele

    2008-01-01

    The study examined the instruction between two independent variables of Teacher Quality and Instructional Strategy on Students Performance in Secondary School Science. In trying to examine the problem of this study, three null hypotheses were generated for testing at 0.05 level of significance Factorial Analysis of variance design with one…

  11. Educating the Next Generation: Improving Teacher Quality in Cambodia. Directions in Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tandon, Prateek; Fukao, Tsuyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This book diagnoses Cambodian teaching quality and presents policy options for reform. Through classroom observation, assessments of mathematics and pedagogical content knowledge, and surveys of teachers and school directors, it sheds light on content and instruction, interactions with school directors, instructional support systems, and the…

  12. Advancing a New Image of CTE via High-Quality Teacher Preparation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sass, Heather Boggs

    2011-01-01

    There is perhaps no better place to start in advancing a new image of career and technical education (CTE) than by creating the kind of classroom instruction that will prepare students for further learning and the workplace. The quality of teachers and their capacity to construct rich learning experiences for students represents the "front line"…

  13. Student Course Taking and Teacher Quality: Their Effects on Achievement and Growth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heck, Ronald H.; Mahoe, Rochelle

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between high school students' curricular positions, their perceptions of the quality of their teachers, and school academic process variables on students' growth rates and ending achievement in mathematics and science. Design/methodology/approach: Multilevel latent curve modeling is…

  14. The Role of Psychological and Developmental Science in Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Hamre, Bridget K.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Theory, methods, and knowledge gained from years of study in psychological science and human development apply to the understanding and improvement of teacher quality and, ultimately, student achievement and social and emotional outcomes. With these applications, educational research has stronger potential to make more effective and…

  15. Teacher Quality and School Improvement: What Is the Role of Research?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mincu, Monica Elena

    2015-01-01

    In a rapidly changing world, students' success depends upon the schools' capacity to deal with their specific instructional needs. Thus, effective teaching plays the role of a unique protective factor that may reduce and even close the achievement gap. Two broad questions structure this study: What is the research contribution to teacher quality

  16. New Controls and Accountability for South African Teachers and Schools: The Integrated Quality Management System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Everard

    2005-01-01

    This article analyses the Integrated Quality Management System (IQMS), an agreement reached in 2003 between the South African Education Department and the major teacher organisations in the country by using discourse analysis. The IQMS was scheduled to be implemented in public schools in 2004. Three discursive tensions are identified and…

  17. Quality-enhanced Voice Morphing using Maximum Likelihood Transformations

    E-print Network

    Young, Steve

    1 Quality-enhanced Voice Morphing using Maximum Likelihood Transformations Hui Ye, Student Member, IEEE, and Steve Young, Member, IEEE Abstract-- Voice morphing is a technique for modifying a source in a voice morphing system is the transformation of the spectral envelope of the source speaker to match

  18. Teacher Feedback, Writing Assignment Quality, and Third-Grade Students' Revision in Lower- and Higher-Achieving Urban Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Patthey-Chavez, G. Genevieve; Valdes, Rosa; Garnier, Helen

    2002-01-01

    Investigated relation of the quality of third graders' writing assignments and written instructor feedback to quality of subsequent student work. Found that amount and type of teacher feedback predicted a small, significant proportion of variance in the quality of content, organization, and mechanics of final drafts. Initial writing quality

  19. Attribution Error and the Quest for Teacher Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mary M.

    2010-01-01

    Social psychologists are persuaded that researchers as well as laymen tend to overestimate the influence of personal traits and underestimate the influence of situations on observed behavior. The author of this article suggests that education researchers and policy makers may be overestimating the role of personal qualities in their quest to…

  20. What Do Teachers Think about Quality in the Spanish University?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barandiaran-Galdos, Marta; Barrenetxea Ayesta, Miren; Cardona-Rodriguez, Antonio; del Campo, Juan Jose Mijangos; Olaskoaga-Larrauri, Jon

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to present the opinions of teaching staff at Spanish universities regarding the relative importance of a number of quality factors, and perceived levels of development of those factors in the context of their work. Design/methodology/approach: The paper takes an empirical approach, with the opinions of teaching staff being…

  1. Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garbett, Dawn

    2011-12-01

    The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal. Student teachers' responses to questionnaires, peer evaluation guidelines, and interviews provided alternative views about the efficacy of my pedagogy. Data collection and analysis was a hermeneutic and recursive process revealing emergent themes. One theme was that a focus on science content knowledge gave a false sense of confidence and overshadowed our ability to engage in meaningful conversations about learning to teach—a practice challenged through self-study research.

  2. Quality management and enhancement processes in UK business schools: a review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Myra Hodgkinson; Mike Kelly

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to provide insights into the processes that can be and have been adopted by UK business schools as they attempt to meet the Quality Assurance Agency's concern with the standard of quality management and enhancement. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A review of the literature provides interpretations of quality, quality management and quality enhancement. The

  3. Exploiting environmental resonances to enhance qubit quality factors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kleff, Silvia; Kehrein, Stefan; von Delft, Jan

    2004-07-01

    We discuss dephasing times for a two-level system (including bias) coupled to a damped harmonic oscillator. This system is realized in measurements on solid-state Josephson qubits. It can be mapped to a spin-boson model with a spectral function with an approximately Lorentzian resonance. We diagonalize the model by means of infinitesimal unitary transformations (flow equations) and calculate correlation functions, dephasing rates, and qubit quality factors. We find that these depend strongly on the environmental resonance frequency ? ; in particular, quality factors can be enhanced significantly by tuning ? to lie below the qubit frequency ? .

  4. More than a Shortage of Early Childhood Teachers: Looking beyond the Recruitment of University Qualified Teachers to Promote Quality Early Childhood Education and Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenech, Marianne; Waniganayake, Manjula; Fleet, Alma

    2009-01-01

    In Australia and internationally, government policies aim to increase the supply of early childhood teachers and thus improve the quality of early childhood education and care services. In this paper, we suggest that such a policy-quality trajectory in Australia is not as straightforward as policy discourses suggest. From industrial relations and…

  5. Quality Teaching in Addressing Student Achievement: A Comparative Study between National Board Certified Teachers and Other Teachers on the Kentucky Core Content Test Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buecker, Harrie Lynne

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation focused on the link between quality teaching and its potential impact on student achievement. National Board Certification is used to represent quality teaching and student achievement is measured by the Kentucky Core Content Test. Data were gathered on the reading and mathematics scores of students of National Board Teachers who…

  6. Initial Teacher Training: South Asian Approaches. Quality in Basic Education: Professional Development of Teachers. Papers Prepared for a South Asian Colloquium on Teacher Training in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (Colombo, Sri Lanka, April 1992).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commonwealth Secretariat, London (England).

    This publication is one of two prepared for a South Asian Colloquium on issues related to teacher training in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The papers in this volume focus on innovations and alternative strategies designed to improve quality in teacher education at preservice phase. The publication is in five sections. The first four…

  7. Teacher quality: a comparison of National Board-certified and non-Board-certified teachers of deaf students.

    PubMed

    Scheetz, Nanci A; Martin, David S

    2006-01-01

    THE STUDY was designed to identify specific components of teacher excellence, focusing initially on the characteristics of the small number of teachers of the deaf who are certified by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS), then comparing those with the characteristics of other teachers identified as master teachers by university faculty in teacher preparation in deafness. Classroom observation, written lesson plans, teacher questionnaires on beliefs, and content analysis of interactive electronic focus groups were used to compare the two groups of teachers. Results indicated similarities between Board-certified and non-Board-certified master teachers in regard to teacher behaviors and commitment to well-founded pedagogical principles. Differences were found in classroom priorities and in the greater level of interconnectivity expressed by Board-certified teachers as the result of becoming Board certified. Recommendations are made for preparing teachers of deaf students. PMID:16856648

  8. Enhancing Problem-Solving Skills of Pre-Service Elementary School Teachers through Problem-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koray, Ozlem; Presley, Arzu; Koksal, Mustafa Serdar; Ozdemir, Muhammet

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to enhance pre-service teachers' problem-solving skills by giving them opportunity to understand the problem solving process. The study, using an experimental approach, was conducted with 85 pre-service elementary school teachers. The experimental group experienced problem based learning (PBL), while the control…

  9. Enhancing the Spaces of Reflection: A Buddy Peer-Review Process within Physical Education Initial Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Penny; Lane, Kathleen; Aldous, David

    2013-01-01

    Innovation in enhancing the reflective abilities of physical education trainee teachers was explored in this study through establishing peer "training buddies" during their school placements. Opportunities for active engagement in peer- and self-reflection were provided to full-time Post-Graduate Secondary Physical Education trainee teachers (n =…

  10. Closing the Gap between Attitudes and Perceptions about ICY-Enhanced Learning among Pre-Service STEM Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barak, Miri

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine pre-service STEM teachers' attitudes and perceptions about the effectiveness of various learning methods and, in specific, the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) as means for enhancing progressive education. The study was conducted among two cohorts of pre-service STEM teachers (N =…

  11. Examining Factors Affecting Beginning Teachers' Transfer of Learning of ICT-Enhanced Learning Activities in Their Teaching Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agyei, Douglas D.; Voogt, Joke

    2014-01-01

    This study examined 100 beginning teachers' transfer of learning when utilising Information Communication Technology-enhanced activity-based learning activities. The beginning teachers had participated in a professional development program that was characterised by "learning technology by collaborative design" in their final year of…

  12. Challenging, Eye-Opening, and Changing U.S. Teacher Training in Korea: Creating Experiences That Will Enhance Global Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Kevin; Nussli, Natalie

    2014-01-01

    This case study explored the short-term international experience of pre-service teachers to create and enhance global perspectives. These teachers (n = 5), all female graduate students at a university in the U.S., were fully immersed in a foreign culture for three weeks while teaching English to primary and secondary students in Korea. Pre-,…

  13. From a Caterpillar to a Butterfly: The Growth of a Teacher in Developing Technology-Enhanced Mathematical Investigations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evan Glazer

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the critical experiences of a middle school mathematics teacher as she progressed from a novice to a knowledgeable creator of technology-enhanced learning activities for her classroom. During an eight week intervention, cognitive apprenticeship strategies (Collins, 1991) were utilized in a partnership with the teacher until she felt empowered to independently create these activities without further coaching or

  14. Teachers' Reflections on Pedagogies that Enhance Learning in an Online Course on Teaching for Equity and Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ukpokodu, Omiunota Nelly

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated teachers' reflective perspectives on pedagogies that enhance learning in an online course on "Teaching for equity and social justice" in a teacher education program. Data were collected from survey, alternative anonymous course assessment, interview, and document analysis. Participants identified threaded discussions,…

  15. Elaborate analogies in science text: Tools for enhancing preservice teachers' knowledge and attitudes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paris, Nita A.

    2000-11-01

    The present study consisted of two experiments in which the learners read and studied texts about three fundamentally important science concepts. The learners, who were preservice teachers, read a control text with no analogy, a text with a simple analogy, and a text with an elaborate analogy. An elaborate analogy is one that consists of text and pictorial components in which similarities between the analog and the target concept are made explicit. The findings support the use of elaborate analogies in text for improving the science knowledge and attitudes of preservice teachers by relating familiar ideas to new ideas, thereby increasing the relevance and the comprehensibility of the new ideas. Increasing the relevancy of science text by inclusion of an elaborate analogy had an affective, cognitive, and metacognitive impact on learning. Data were examined either by a univariate analysis of variance for repeated measures or a Friedman's test for related samples. These data were supplemented by participants' qualitative responses which were categorized. The results indicated that elaborate analogies in text increased learners' interest in both the conceptual topic of the text and the text itself. Furthermore, the elaborate analogies enhanced learners' science concept learning and inference-making as well. In addition, elaborate analogies increased learners' metacognitive ability to accurately assess their knowledge of science concepts. Finally, elaborate analogies enhanced preservice teachers' self-efficacy for teaching science. The results are consistent with the view that use of analogies to enhance science attitudes and knowledge is inherently constructive in nature. The present findings suggest that current practices of how preservice teachers learn science should be adapted to take advantage of analogies in a more systematic way. Future researchers should investigate the usefulness of elaborate analogies for enhancing metacognition in domain novices and domain experts. Future research in the use of elaborate analogies should continue to incorporate both quantitative and qualitative methods.

  16. Quality Media Literacy Education: A Tool for Teachers and Teacher Educators of Italian Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felini, Damiano

    2014-01-01

    The dissemination of good practices in MLE requires a more rigorous definition of their characteristics, including criteria and indicators to measure their quality. This article -- after reflecting on the meaning and function of identifying good MLE practices -- presents a systematic framework of 35 indicators for good MLE activities in Italian…

  17. Teacher-child relationship quality and academic achievement of Chinese American children in immigrant families.

    PubMed

    Ly, Jennifer; Zhou, Qing; Chu, Keira; Chen, Stephen H

    2012-08-01

    This study examined the cross-sectional relations between teacher-child relationship quality (TCRQ) and math and reading achievement in a socio-economically diverse sample of Chinese American first- and second-grade children in immigrant families (N=207). Teachers completed a questionnaire measuring TCRQ dimensions including closeness, conflict, and intimacy, and children completed a questionnaire measuring overall TCRQ. Standardized tests were used to assess children's math and reading skills. Analyses were conducted to (a) test the factor structure of measures assessing TCRQ among Chinese American children, (b) examine the associations between teacher- and child-rated TCRQ and children's academic achievement, controlling for demographic characteristics, and (c) examine the potential role of child gender as a moderator in the relations between TCRQ and achievement. Results indicated that teacher-rated TCRQ Warmth was positively associated with Chinese American children's reading achievement. Two child gender-by-TCRQ interactions were found: (a) teacher-rated TCRQ Conflict was negatively associated with girls' (but not boys') math achievement, and (b) child-rated Overall TCRQ was positively associated with boys' (but not girls') reading achievement. These findings highlight the valuable role of TCRQ in the academic success of school-aged children in immigrant families. PMID:22710020

  18. Quality Counts 2003. If I Can't Learn from You: Ensuring a Highly Qualified Teacher for Every Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Week, 2003

    2003-01-01

    This year's Quality Counts, Education Week's comprehensive overview on the quality of American education, focuses on the relationship between teacher quality and the growing academic achievement gap. It includes profiles of hard-to-staff schools, state alternative certification programs, and surveys of the 50 states on recruiting, supporting, and…

  19. A Study of the Quality of Practitioner Research in Secondary Education: Impact on Teacher and School Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oolbekkink-Marchand, Helma W.; van der Steen, Janneke; Nijveldt, Mirjam

    2014-01-01

    This study provides insight into the quality of practitioner research and the impact of this on the professional development of the individual teacher and the school as a whole. We examined the quality of practitioner research in relation to the goals of the research. We operationalized the quality of the research in terms of the validities…

  20. Quality of Preservice Physics Teachers' Reflections in Their Teaching Portfolios and Their Perceived Reflections: Do They Intersect?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogan-Bekiroglu, Feral

    2014-01-01

    Although proponents support portfolios' value to enhance the reflective thinking of novice teachers and imply that such thinking improves teachers' practice, few studies have confirmed these assertions by directly measuring in-depth reflection or describing conditions that develop it. In this study, reflective thinking in preservice…

  1. The Interaction of Principal and Teacher Instructional Influence as a Measure of Leadership as an Organizational Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Karen M.; Marriott, Christine

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This article presents the design and test of a measure of school leadership as an organizational quality through the interaction of principal and teacher instructional influence. The Organizational Leadership Model hypothesizes four distinct conditions of school leadership, and the analysis investigates the relationship between teacher,…

  2. Teacher Quality: A Comparison of National Board--Certified and Non--Board--Certified Teachers of Deaf Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheetz, Nanci A.; Martin, David S.

    2006-01-01

    The study was designed to identify specific components of teacher excellence, focusing initially on the characteristics of the small number of teachers of the deaf who are certified by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS), then comparing those with the characteristics of other teachers identified as master teachers by…

  3. A Message from the NSTA President: Quality Science Teachers -- Essential to America's Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Linda Froschauer

    2006-09-01

    Our nation has begun to take science and the accomplishments of scientists in the United States for granted. The telephone, airplane, automobile, electric power, atomic fuel, vaccine, transplants, medicines--all of the discoveries of the past century--were expected outcomes of the US education and economic systems. But, we cannot rely on the past century for what will become the legacy of this country. Quality science teachers are essential to America's future.

  4. A Message from the NSTA President: Quality Science Teachers -- Essential to America's Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Linda Froschauer

    2006-09-01

    Our nation has begun to take science and the accomplishments of scientists in the United States for granted. The telephone, airplane, automobile, electric power, atomic fuel, vaccine, transplants, medicines--all of the discoveries of the past century--were expected outcomes of the U.S. education and economic systems. But, we cannot rely on the past century for what will become the legacy of this country. Quality science teachers are essential to America's future.

  5. Sleep quality of older adults in nursing homes in Turkey: enhancing the quality of sleep improves quality of life.

    PubMed

    Eser, Ismet; Khorshid, Leyla; Cinar, Sebnem

    2007-10-01

    The aim of this descriptive study was to examine the sleep quality of older adult nursing home residents and the factors that affect it. The research population included all of the older adult residents of three nursing homes (n = 992) in Izmir, Turkey. The sample comprised those who met the inclusion criteria for the research and agreed to participate (n = 540). Research data were collected using the Elderly Individual's Introduction Form and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The mean age of the residents was 75.49 (SD = 6.56 years), and 54.1% were women. The sleep quality for the majority of the residents (60.9%) was determined to be poor. Nurses can enhance older adults' quality of sleep and therefore improve their quality of life. PMID:17955737

  6. Fellows as teachers: a model to enhance pediatric resident education

    PubMed Central

    Backes, Carl H.; Reber, Kris M.; Trittmann, Jennifer K. B.; Huang, Hong; Tomblin, Jordanna; Moorehead, Pamela A.; Bauer, John A.; Smith, Charles V.; Mahan, John D.

    2011-01-01

    Objective Pressures on academic faculty to perform beyond their role as educators has stimulated interest in complementary approaches in resident medical education. While fellows are often believed to detract from resident learning and experience, we describe our preliminary investigations utilizing clinical fellows as a positive force in pediatric resident education. Our objectives were to implement a practical approach to engage fellows in resident education, evaluate the impact of a fellow-led education program on pediatric resident and fellow experience, and investigate if growth of a fellowship program detracts from resident procedural experience. Methods This study was conducted in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) where fellows designed and implemented an education program consisting of daily didactic teaching sessions before morning clinical rounds. The impact of a fellow-led education program on resident satisfaction with their NICU experience was assessed via anonymous student evaluations. The potential value of the program for participating fellows was also evaluated using an anonymous survey. Results The online evaluation was completed by 105 residents. Scores were markedly higher after the program was implemented in areas of teaching excellence (4.44 out of 5 versus 4.67, p<0.05) and overall resident learning (3.60 out of 5 versus 4.61, p<0.001). Fellows rated the acquisition of teaching skills and enhanced knowledge of neonatal pathophysiology as the most valuable aspects of their participation in the education program. The anonymous survey revealed that 87.5% of participating residents believed that NICU fellows were very important to their overall training and education. Conclusions While fellows are often believed to be a detracting factor to residency training, we found that pediatric resident attitudes toward the fellows were generally positive. In our experience, in the specialty of neonatology a fellow-led education program can positively contribute to both resident and fellow learning and satisfaction. Further investigation into the value of utilizing fellows as a positive force in resident education in other medical specialties appears warranted. PMID:21912479

  7. The PISCES Project: How Teacher-Scientist Partners can Enhance Elementary Science Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reif, C.; Oechel, W.

    2003-12-01

    The PISCES Project (Partnerships Involving the Scientific Community in Elementary Schools www.sdsa.org/pisces) is an innovative program that brings high quality standards-based elementary science curriculum and hands-on laboratory materials into San Diego County's classrooms. The project is funded by the NSF Graduate Teaching Fellows in K-12 Education (GK-12) program. The project was designed and is administered through cooperation among faculty at San Diego State University and the Science Department of the San Diego County Office of Education. Undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in science programs in San Diego area universities including San Diego State University, California State University San Marcos, and University of California San Diego partner with elementary school teachers. Through this partnership, the scientist brings scientific expertise to the classroom while the teacher delivers the lesson using current pedagogic methods. This is accomplished during a 3 month partnership in which the scientist joins the teacher in the classroom a few days each week to complete professional kit-based curriculum such as that available from FOSS (Full Option Science System) and STC (Science and Technology for Children). The teachers remain in the program for two years during which they have continuous access to the kit-based curriculum as well as two to three partnership cycles. Teachers receive assistance outside of the classroom as well attending professional development institutes three times a year to establish and maintain effective science teaching methods. The San Diego Science Alliance and other community and industry supporters provide the additionalfunding necessary to provide this teacher professional development Currenty, PISCES is present in over 40 schools and is able to provide partnerships to over 100 classrooms each year. In addition to the work done in San Diego, the project has expanded to Barrow, Alaska with plans to expand to La Paz, Mexico where there are SDSU climate research stations. San Diego and Alaska scientists travel to Barrow twice a year to participate in an intense, month-long science instruction partnership. PISCES collects a variety of data including student work, science attitude surveys, interviews with students and teachers, video, as well as science content knowledge. The students find themselves enjoying science and are deeply impacted by the presence of an actual scientist in their classroom. As PISCES enters its fifth year, it is evident that the combination of continuous support inside and outside of the classroom is successful in developing teacher engagement in science instruction.

  8. Factors that Affect Science and Mathematics Teachers' Initial Implementation of Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment Using a Classroom Response System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Hyunju; Feldman, Allan; Beatty, Ian D.

    2012-10-01

    The purpose of this study is to uncover and understand the factors that affect secondary science and mathematics teachers' initial implementation of Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment (TEFA), a pedagogy developed for teaching with classroom response system (CRS) technology. We sought to identify the most common and strongest factors, and to understand the general process of how teachers adopt TEFA. We identified ten main hindering factors reported by teachers, and found that time limitations and question development difficulties are reported as the most problematic. In this paper we provide five vignettes of teachers' initial implementation experiences, illustrating different courses that TEFA adoption can follow. We classify our ten factors into four groups: contextual factors that directly hinder teachers' attempts to implement TEFA (extrinsic type I); circumstances that affect teachers' teaching in general (extrinsic type 0); gaps that teachers have in the knowledge and skills they need to adopt TEFA (intrinsic type I); and ways of being a teacher that describe teachers' deeper perspectives and beliefs, which may be consonant or dissonant with TEFA (intrinsic type II). Finally, we identify four general categories that describe the teachers' initial TEFA implementation.

  9. Relationships of important elements of the student teaching experience and methods of student teaching placement to the quality of experience of student teachers 

    E-print Network

    Morrish, Douglas Glenn

    2004-09-30

    The purpose of this study was to determine important elements and placement practices of student teaching as perceived by teacher educators and how well each student teacher perceived his/her quality of experience based on these criteria. Data were...

  10. A Technology Enhanced Learning Model for Quality Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sherly, Elizabeth; Uddin, Md. Meraj

    Technology Enhanced Learning and Teaching (TELT) Model provides learning through collaborations and interactions with a framework for content development and collaborative knowledge sharing system as a supplementary for learning to improve the quality of education system. TELT deals with a unique pedagogy model for Technology Enhanced Learning System which includes course management system, digital library, multimedia enriched contents and video lectures, open content management system and collaboration and knowledge sharing systems. Open sources like Moodle and Wiki for content development, video on demand solution with a low cost mid range system, an exhaustive digital library are provided in a portal system. The paper depicts a case study of e-learning initiatives with TELT model at IIITM-K and how effectively implemented.

  11. Enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Patton, M Q

    1999-01-01

    Varying philosophical and theoretical orientations to qualitative inquiry remind us that issues of quality and credibility intersect with audience and intended research purposes. This overview examines ways of enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis by dealing with three distinct but related inquiry concerns: rigorous techniques and methods for gathering and analyzing qualitative data, including attention to validity, reliability, and triangulation; the credibility, competence, and perceived trustworthiness of the qualitative researcher; and the philosophical beliefs of evaluation users about such paradigm-based preferences as objectivity versus subjectivity, truth versus perspective, and generalizations versus extrapolations. Although this overview examines some general approaches to issues of credibility and data quality in qualitative analysis, it is important to acknowledge that particular philosophical underpinnings, specific paradigms, and special purposes for qualitative inquiry will typically include additional or substitute criteria for assuring and judging quality, validity, and credibility. Moreover, the context for these considerations has evolved. In early literature on evaluation methods the debate between qualitative and quantitative methodologists was often strident. In recent years the debate has softened. A consensus has gradually emerged that the important challenge is to match appropriately the methods to empirical questions and issues, and not to universally advocate any single methodological approach for all problems. PMID:10591279

  12. Objective measures for quality assessment of automatic skin enhancement algorithms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciuc, Mihai; Capata, Adrian; Florea, Corneliu

    2010-01-01

    Automatic portrait enhancement by attenuating skin flaws (pimples, blemishes, wrinkles, etc.) has received considerable attention from digital camera manufacturers thanks to its impact on the public. Subsequently, a number of algorithms have been developed to meet this need. One central aspect to developing such an algorithm is quality assessment: having a few numbers that precisely indicate the amount of beautification brought by an algorithm (as perceived by human observers) is of great help, as it works on circumvent time-costly human evaluation. In this paper, we propose a method to numerically evaluate the quality of a skin beautification algorithm. The most important aspects we take into account and quantize to numbers are the quality of the skin detector, the amount of smoothing performed by the method, the preservation of intrinsic skin texture, and the preservation of facial features. We combine these measures into two numbers that assess the quality of skin detection and beautification. The derived measures are highly correlated with human perception, therefore they constitute a helpful tool for tuning and comparing algorithms.

  13. Design and implementation of two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambert, Lynn

    1994-01-01

    During this summer, I have been part of a four team effort that planned and executed two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes (TEI) for 40 K-8 teachers from this area. The TEI was designed to enhance teachers' background in aeronautics and technology so that they would be better equipped to encourage and to train students in the mathematics, science, and technology fields. The teachers were given a stipend and three graduate credits from Christopher Newport University for their participation in this program. The four ASEE fellows worked together to develop objectives and a schedule of activities for each two-week session based on the program outline given in the grants that were funding this effort. We divided the responsibilities in coordinating and implementing each part of the TEI based on the specific strengths and background of each ASEE fellow. My specific responsibilities were: (1) to develop the course syllabus and generally handle all matters involved with the graduate course; (2) coordinate the follow-up sessions; and (3) design and manage half of the technology sessions that we had scheduled (approximately 30% of the TEI was devoted to technology). Because the first two responsibilities were primarily administrative in nature, I will address only the last. The technology sessions were divided into computer-only and other technologies (e.g., television and digital technology including scanning, digital photography and CD-ROM). I had responsibility for the computer-only technology sessions. The emphasis of these sessions was on use of the Internet specifically to locate and use educational resources. To maximize learning, these sessions were hands-on with two teachers at each computer. Each teacher received instruction in, and actually used, the most popular tools available on the Internet: email (they were given temporary accounts at NASA LaRC), anonymous ftp and archie, gopher and veronica, mosaic, and telnet. Teachers participated in hands-on workshops to learn about these programs, but were also given time during the two-week session to explore on their own and to find resources on the Net that specifically met their needs. In order to ensure that Internet access continues after their return to the classroom, aIl teachers who did not have them also applied for Learning Link accounts (from WHRO, the local public television station) and Virginia Pen accounts (from the Department of Education of Virginia), both of which allow textbased access to Internet. In addition to getting exposure to and practice with Internet tools, teachers were aIso given a hands-on seminar (and also given practice time) on ClarisWorks, an integrated word processing, spreadsheet, database, and paint package. The technology sessions (and TEI as a whole) were enthusiastically received by both new and more experienced teachers as extremely helpful in improving their ability to use technology in developing lesson pIans.

  14. Learning about the Quality of Work That Teachers Expect: Students' Perceptions of Exemplar Marking versus Teacher Explanation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendry, Graham D.; Jukic, Katherine

    2014-01-01

    Assessment is an important element of university curricula for both teachers and students. It provides evidence that students have learned what their teachers expected them to learn. There is good evidence that teachers' use of exemplars in a dedicated marking class held before an assessment task helps students understand what is expected of…

  15. Researching and developing intervention strategies for enhancing technology teacher assessment practices: the results of a three-year study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judy Moreland; Alister Jones; Megan Chambers

    This paper reports on the research and intervention approaches undertaken by a research team when working with primary school teachers in technology education over a three- year period (1998-2000). The focus of the research was firstly the examination of existing practice, secondly the enhancement of formative interactions, and thirdly the enhancement of summative strategies. In the first year interviews, observation,

  16. Raising the Bar of Teacher Quality: Accountability, Collaboration, and Social Justice. The Claremont Letter. Volume 1, Issue 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganley, DeLacy Derin; Quintanar, Anita P.; Loop, Lisa S.

    2006-01-01

    Historically, reform efforts to address poor student achievement have focused on a variety of issues other than teacher quality. Movements such as TQM (Total Quality Management), class size reduction (CSR), school leadership, parental involvement, and multicultural curriculum have not directly addressed the power or influence of the individual…

  17. Closing the Teacher Quality Gap in Philadelphia: New Hope and Old Hurdles. The Third Study of Teacher Quality in Philadelphia. A Report from "Learning from Philadelphia's School Reform"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Useem, Elizabeth; Offenberg, Robert; Farley, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    This study of teacher staffing issues in the School District of Philadelphia explores the degree to which the district has succeeded in upgrading teachers' professional credentials, recruiting and retaining them, and equitably distributing experienced and credentialed teachers across all types of schools. Since the passage of "No Child Left…

  18. The influences of LuxX in Escherichia coli biofilm formation and improving teacher quality through the Bio-Bus Program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robbins, Chandan Morris

    The objectives of this work are: (1) to agarose-stabilize fragile biofilms for quantitative structure analysis; (2) to understand the influences of LuxS on biofilm formation; (3) to improve teacher quality by preparing Georgia's middle school science teachers to integrate inquiry-based, hands-on research modules in the classroom. Quantitative digital image analysis demonstrated the effectiveness of the agarose stabilization technique for generating reproducible measurements of three dimensional biofilm structure. The described method will also benefit researchers who transport their flow cell-cultivated biofilms to a core facility for imaging. AI-2-dependent and independent effects of LuxS on biofilm-related phenotypes were revealed, suggesting that LuxS is a versatile enzyme, possessing multiple functions in E. coli ecology that could assist E. coli in adapting to diverse conditions. Overall, the work presented in this dissertation supported the concept that QS, biofilm formation, and cell adhesion are largely related. Additionally, through this project, teachers enhanced content knowledge and confidence levels, mastered innovative teaching strategies and integrated inquiry-based, inter-disciplinary, hands-on activities in the classroom. As a result, student learning was enhanced, and Georgia's students are better equipped to become tomorrow's leaders. INDEX WORDS: Biofilm, Escherichia coli, Quorum sensing, LuxS, Autoinducer-2, Microbial ecology

  19. Intervening in the Professional Development of Science Teachers: The Colorado Science Teaching Enhancement Program. Interim Report of the Formative Evaluation of CO-STEP.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, James D.; Maxwell, Donald E.

    The purposes of the Colorado Science Teaching Enhancement Program (CO-STEP) are to improve the background in science content and the instructional skills of teachers in grades four through six throughout Colorado and to support the implementation of effective instruction. A network of six Teacher Development Centers in Colorado coordinate teacher

  20. Enhancing the Practicum Experience for Pre-Service Chemistry Teachers through Collaborative CoRe Design with Mentor Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hume, Anne; Berry, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports findings from an ongoing study exploring how the Content Representation (CoRe) design can be used as a tool to help chemistry student teachers begin acquiring the professional knowledge required to become expert chemistry teachers. Phase 2 of the study, reported in this paper, investigated how collaboration with school-based…

  1. Quality Induction: The Effects of Comprehensive Induction on New Teacher Retention and Job Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendricks-Harris, Mary Therese

    2012-01-01

    This investigation examined the effect of a comprehensive new teacher induction program on teacher retention and job satisfaction in one suburban school district. New teachers are retained at low rates, and districts are spending resources in an attempt to decrease this number. New teacher induction includes supports for new teachers in their…

  2. Online naphazoline quality control by micellar-enhanced spectrofluorimetry.

    PubMed

    Peralta, Cecilia Mariana; Silva, Raúl Alejandro; Fernández, Liliana Patricia; Masi, Adriana Noemí

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a method for online spectrofluorimetric quality control of naphazoline (NPZ) in pharmaceuticals and raw drugs. A combination of a flow-injection analysis (FIA) system with micellar-enhanced fluorescence detection is presented as a powerful alternative for the rapid and sensitive analysis of naphazoline. Since NPZ shows low native fluorescence, the use of an anionic surfactant, such as sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), provides a considerable enhancement of fluorescence intensity and the nature of the technique allows a possible and easy adaptation to a FIA system. Using ?(exc) = 280 nm and ?(em) = 326 nm, a good linear relationship (LOL) was obtained in the range 0.003-10 µg mL(-1) with a detection limit (LOD) of 3 × 10(-4) µg mL(-1) (s/n = 3). Parameters related to the nature of the analytical signal and to the FIA manifold were optimized. Satisfactory recoveries were obtained in the analysis of commercial pharmaceutical formulations. The proposed method is simple, accurate and allows for high-speed sampling and considerably shorter analysis times. In addition, it requires inexpensive equipment and reagents and has easy operational conditions and no side effects, thus avoiding environmental pollution through toxic waste. PMID:21538792

  3. Associations between Child and Teacher Characteristics and Quality of Teacher-Child Relationships: The Case of Hungary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koles, Bernadett; O'Connor, Erin E.; Collins, Brian A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate variations in teacher-child relationships in childcare classrooms in Budapest, Hungary (N = 172 children in 43 classrooms), and to examine whether variations were associated with child and/or teacher characteristics. In addition, cultural variation was examined with reference to an American…

  4. Promoting Quality Teachers through a Supportive Mentoring Environment for Pre-Service and First-Year Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Tammie; Katz, Laura; Hargrave, Sharon; Hill, Roberta

    This paper describes types of university supports available for mentoring in one school district. The district created a unique mentoring program to aid first- through third-year teachers in developing pedagogy, professional skills, and characteristics that would enable them to succeed in teaching. The program was developed for preservice teachers

  5. Anticipating Innovation in Teacher Evaluation Systems: Lessons for Researchers and Policymakers. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The growing prominence of value-added models for measuring teacher effectiveness has prompted a recent surge in policies that consider students' classroom performance part of a teacher's evaluation. Yet, in light of the criticism and limitations of the current models, whether and how evaluation systems will adapt over time is unclear. This paper…

  6. Teacher-Student Interactions as Predicted by Teaching Stress and the Perceived Quality of the Student-Teacher Relationship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abidin, Richard R.; Kmetz, Christal A.

    This paper reports on a study that examined teachers' perceptions of their relationships with specific students, their experience of stress in relation to those students, and whether those perceptions and experiences translate into observable differences in actual teacher behavior toward those students in the classroom. Specifically, the project…

  7. Enhanced Knowledge and Skills for Elementary Mainstream Teachers of English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Jong, Ester J.; Harper, Candace A.; Coady, Maria R.

    2013-01-01

    The placement of English language learners (ELLs) in mainstream classrooms raises important questions about the preparation of mainstream teachers to work with ELLs. Grounded by the conviction that well-prepared teachers can make a difference in student learning, and informed by current views on teacher learning and by teacher preparation…

  8. When Is a School Environment Perceived as Supportive by Beginning Mathematics Teachers? Effects of Leadership, Trust, Autonomy and Appraisal on Teaching Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blömeke, Sigrid; Klein, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the hypothesis that the more support beginning mathematics teachers perceive and the better they evaluate the management of their school, the higher their teaching quality is. Indicators of teaching quality were how the teachers, who were in their third year in the profession, regarded themselves able to cope with the…

  9. ANDRILL: INVOLVING TEACHERS IN FIELD RESEARCH ENHANCES THE TRANSFER OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE TO CLASSROOMS AND TO OTHER EDUCATORS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Cattadori; L. T. Huffman; B. Trummel

    2009-01-01

    For most educators, the end of a field research experience is truly the beginning. From the knowledge gained and the excitement of living and working in a harsh environment like Antarctica, ARISE (ANDRILL Research Immersion for Science Educators) participants create enhanced learning experiences and resources for their students and for the professional development of other teachers. ANDRILL (Antarctic geological DRILLing)

  10. Factors that Affect Science and Mathematics Teachers' Initial Implementation of Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment Using a Classroom Response System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hyunju; Feldman, Allan; Beatty, Ian D.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to uncover and understand the factors that affect secondary science and mathematics teachers' initial implementation of Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment (TEFA), a pedagogy developed for teaching with classroom response system (CRS) technology. We sought to identify the most common and strongest factors, and to…

  11. Reflections on Enhancing Pre-Service Teacher Education Programmes to Support Inclusion: Perspectives from New Zealand and Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arthur-Kelly, Michael; Sutherland, Dean; Lyons, Gordon; Macfarlane, Sonja; Foreman, Phil

    2013-01-01

    Positive changes to pre-service teacher education programmes (PSTEPs), driven in part by changing worldwide policy frameworks around inclusion, are occurring, albeit slowly. After briefly reviewing international trends and key policy and legislation platforms in New Zealand and Australia, this paper explores some of the challenges in enhancing

  12. Summary of strategies for planning Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Summary of NASA Strategies for Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement respond to NASA's eighth top goal: Establish NASA as a leader in the development and application of advanced technology and management practices which contribute to significant increases in both Agency and national productivity. The Strategies provide the framework for development of the agency-wide Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE) Plans.

  13. Prioritizing Teaching Quality in a New System of Teacher Evaluation. Education Outlook. No. 9

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Heather; Herlihy, Corinne

    2011-01-01

    Teachers are the most important school-level factor in student success--but as any parent knows, all teachers are not created equal. Reforms to the current quite cursory teacher evaluation system, if done well, have the potential to remove the worst-performing teachers and, even more important, to assist the majority in improving their craft.…

  14. Measuring Usable Knowledge: Teachers' Analyses of Mathematics Classroom Videos Predict Teaching Quality and Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kersting, Nicole B.; Givvin, Karen B.; Thompson, Belinda J.; Santagata, Rossella; Stigler, James W.

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the relationships between teacher knowledge, teaching practice, and student learning in mathematics. It extends previous work that developed and evaluated an innovative approach to assessing teacher knowledge based on teachers' analyses of classroom video clips. Teachers watched and commented on 13 fraction clips. These written…

  15. Detecting When “Quality of Life” Has Been “Enhanced”: Estimating Change in Quality of Life Ratings

    PubMed Central

    Tractenberg, Rochelle E.; Yumoto, Futoshi; Aisen, Paul S.

    2015-01-01

    Objective To demonstrate challenges in the estimation of change in quality of life (QOL). Methods Data were taken from a completed clinical trial with negative results. Responses to 13 QOL items were obtained 12 months apart from 258 persons with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) participating in a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial with two treatment arms. Two analyses to estimate whether “change” in QOL occurred over 12 months are described. A simple difference (later - earlier) was calculated from total scores (standard approach). A Qualified Change algorithm (novel approach) was applied to each item: differences in ratings were classified as either: improved, worsened, stayed poor, or stayed “positive” (fair, good, excellent). The strengths of evidence supporting a claim that “QOL changed”, derived from the two analyses, were compared by considering plausible alternative explanations for, and interpretations of, results obtained under each approach. Results Total score approach: QOL total scores decreased, on average, in the two treatment (both ?1.0, p < 0.05), but not the placebo (=?0.59, p > 0.3) groups. Qualified change approach: Roughly 60% of all change in QOL items was worsening in every arm; 17% - 42% of all subjects experienced change in each item. Conclusions Totalling the subjective QOL item ratings collapses over items, and suggests a potentially misleading “overall” level of change (or no change, as in the placebo arm). Leaving the items as individual components of “quality” of life they were intended to capture, and qualifying the direction and amount of change in each, suggests that at least 17% of any group experienced change on every item, with 60% of all observed change being worsening. Discussion Summarizing QOL item ratings as a total “score” collapses over the face-valid, multi-dimensional components of the construct “quality of life”. Qualified Change provides robust evidence of changes to QOL or “enhancements of” life quality.

  16. Elementary Teachers' Learning to Construct High-Quality Mathematics Lesson Plans: A Use of the IES Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ding, Meixia; Carlson, Mary Alice

    2013-01-01

    This study explored a group of elementary teachers' ("n" = 35) learning to construct high-quality lesson plans that foster student understanding of fundamental mathematical ideas. The conceptual framework for this study was gleaned from the recently released Institute of Education Sciences (IES) recommendations, including (a)…

  17. Forthcoming in Journal of Human Resources The contributions of school quality and teacher qualifications to student performance

    E-print Network

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    qualifications to student performance: Evidence from a natural experiment in Beijing middle schools Fang Lai New;2 The contributions of school quality and teacher qualifications to student performance: Evidence from a natural to a given school. Results show that school fixed effects are strong determinants of student performance

  18. Relations of Children's Effortful Control and Teacher–Child Relationship Quality to School Attitudes in a Low-Income Sample

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kassondra M. Silva; Tracy L. Spinrad; Nancy Eisenberg; Michael J. Sulik; Carlos Valiente; Snjezana Huerta; Alison Edwards; Natalie D. Eggum; Anne S. Kupfer; Christopher J. Lonigan; Beth M. Phillips; Shauna B. Wilson; Jeanine Clancy-Menchetti; Susan H. Landry; Paul R. Swank; Michael A. Assel; Heather B. Taylor

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of children's effortful control and quality of relationships with teachers to school attitudes longitudinally in an ethnically diverse and economically disadvantaged sample. Data were collected as part of a larger intervention project during mid-fall, winter, and late spring (ns = 823, 722, and 758, respectively) for 2 cohorts of 3-

  19. The Quality of Local District Assessments Used in Nebraska's School-Based Teacher-Led Assessment and Reporting System (STARS)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookhart, Susan M.

    2005-01-01

    A sample of 293 local district assessments used in the Nebraska STARS (School-based Teacher-led Assessment and Reporting System), 147 from 2004 district mathematics assessment portfolios and 146 from 2003 reading assessment portfolios, was scored with a rubric evaluating their quality. Scorers were Nebraska educators with background and training…

  20. An Integrative View of School Functioning: Transactions between Self-Regulation, School Engagement, and Teacher-Child Relationship Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portilla, Ximena A.; Ballard, Parissa J.; Adler, Nancy E.; Boyce, W. Thomas; Obradovic, Jelena

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the dynamic interplay between teacher-child relationship quality and children's behaviors across kindergarten and first grade to predict academic competence in first grade. Using a sample of 338 ethnically diverse 5-year-old children, nested path analytic models were conducted to examine bidirectional pathways between…

  1. Sustaining High-Quality Teaching and Evidence-Based Curricula: Follow-Up Assessment of Teachers in the REDI Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bierman, Karen L.; Sanford DeRousie, Rebecca M.; Heinrichs, Brenda; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Greenberg, Mark T.; Gill, Sukhdeep

    2013-01-01

    Research Findings: Recent research has validated the power of evidence-based preschool interventions to improve teaching quality and promote child school readiness when implemented in the context of research trials. However, very rarely are follow-up assessments conducted with teachers in order to evaluate the maintenance of improved teaching…

  2. Quality Management and Enhancement Processes in UK Business Schools: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgkinson, Myra; Kelly, Mike

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to provide insights into the processes that can be and have been adopted by UK business schools as they attempt to meet the Quality Assurance Agency's concern with the standard of quality management and enhancement. Design/methodology/approach: A review of the literature provides interpretations of quality,…

  3. DRINKING WATER MICROBIOLOGY - NEW DIRECTIONS TOWARD WATER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Many concerns result from information on new waterborne agents, treatment problems of raw water qualities, biofilm development in some distribution systems, and special quality needs unique to hospitals and industries. Protozoan cyst penetration after some disinfection practices ...

  4. Alfacalcidol enhances collagen quality in ovariectomized rat bones

    PubMed Central

    Nagaoka, Hideaki; Terajima, Masahiko; Yamada, Shizuka; Azuma, Yoshiaki; Chida, Takayuki; Yamauchi, Mitsuo

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of alfacalcidol (1?(OH)D3: ALF) on bone collagen employing an ovariectomized rat model. Thirty-five 16-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: SHAM (sham-operated?+?vehicle), OVX (ovariectomy?+?vehicle), and three ALF-treated groups, that is, ovariectomy?+?0.022?µg/kg/day ALF, ovariectomy?+?0.067?µg/kg/day ALF, and ovariectomy?+?0.2?µg/kg/day ALF. After 12 weeks of treatment, tibiae were subjected to histological, biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses. Collagen matrices in OVX bone appeared as immature and poorly organized; however, with the ALF treatment, it was improved in a dose-dependent manner. Contents of collagen and pyridinoline cross-link were decreased in OVX compared with SHAM, but they increased to the level comparable to SHAM in ALF-treated groups. The total aldehyde, that is, a sum of free and those involved cross-links, in the highest dose of ALF was significantly higher than the rest of the groups (p?enhances the maturation of collagen in ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic bones, which likely contributes to the improvement of bone quality. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 32:1030–1036, 2014. PMID:24809324

  5. Quality Matters Rubric Potential for Enhancing Online Foreign Language Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Zumor, Abdul Wahed Q.

    2015-01-01

    Quality Matters Program is designed to certify the quality of online courses in colleges and universities across and beyond the U.S. The Quality Matters Rubric (QMR) consists of eight general standards and 41 specific standards which are used to evaluate and design online and blended courses. The purpose of this study is to highlight the QMR…

  6. Service Quality in Higher Education Using an Enhanced SERVQUAL Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Kay C.; Kek, Sei W.

    2004-01-01

    Customer service and quality are driving forces in the business community. As higher educational institutions tussle for competitive advantage and high service quality, the evaluation of educational service quality is essential to provide motivation for and to give feedback on the effectiveness of educational plans and implementation. This…

  7. Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Peggy Ann, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Articles on improving preservice teacher education, with particular considerations on proposed five-year programs, are featured in this theme issue. In "Fifth Year Teacher Preparation: A Solution in Search Of a Problem," Alan R. Tom weighs the pros and cons of extending teacher preparation for a fifth year, noting the fact that high-quality

  8. Children’s Attendance Rates and Quality of Teacher-Child Interactions in At-Risk Preschool Classrooms: Contribution to Children’s Expressive Language Growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jessica A. R. Logan; Shayne B. Piasta; Laura M. Justice; Christopher Schatschneider; Stephen Petrill

    The present research examines whether children’s daily attendance rates would be predictive of gains in expressive language\\u000a within the context of high-quality preschool classrooms. The quality of preschool classrooms was assessed by measuring the\\u000a quality of the teacher’s interactions with the children in his or her classroom. Hierarchical linear models, nesting children\\u000a within classroom, were used to examine children’s growth

  9. Teachers' Use of Interactive Technology to Enhance Students' Metacognition: Awareness of Student Learning and Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Soon Chun; Irving, Karen; Pape, Stephen; Owens, Douglas

    2015-01-01

    Increased teacher awareness of student thinking and understanding enables teachers to better support students' learning by allowing for increased formative feedback that clarifies students' understanding and supports their construction of knowledge. However, many science teachers do not possess skills related to assessing student learning and…

  10. Enhancing Collaboration among Math and Career and Technical Education Teachers: Is Technology the Answer?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, A. Christian; Parr, Brian; Fuhrman, Nick

    2011-01-01

    Teacher collaboration has been recognized as a vital component to student success. This project represents an evaluation of the researchers' initial efforts toward providing in-service education for teachers focused on collaboration between math and CTE teachers. The purpose of this study was to (1) describe selected characteristics of secondary…

  11. Action Research: Teacher Practices that Enhance Belonging of Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Christine Schroder

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this action research study was to support the members of a fourth grade inclusion team, namely three fourth grade teachers and a teacher assistant in (1) developing a deeper understanding of student belongingness, (2) identifying teacher practices that contribute to a student's sense of belongingness, and (3) developing and…

  12. Enhancing the Teacher's Research Role in the School Setting: Three Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Paul D.; Lyman, Robert D.

    1980-01-01

    Reports on interviews conducted with researchers, administrators, and teachers at the Brewer-Porch Children's Center for the emotionally disturbed (Tuscaloosa, Alabama). The three groups were asked for their perspectives on the research role of the classroom teacher and on problems teachers face in research participation. Possible solutions are…

  13. Evaluation of a Mentor Teacher Model for Enhancing Mathematics Instruction through the Use of Computers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holahan, Patricia J.; Jurkat, M. Peter; Friedman, Edward A.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the development of the Mentor Teacher Model that trained middle school and high school mathematics teachers in New Jersey as mentor teachers in the effective use of computer-based technologies for teaching mathematics. Highlights include student-centered teaching methods; cooperative learning; problem-solving activities; and technology…

  14. Teachers for Change: An Elementary School Collaborative Program for Enhancing School Climate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dana, Nancy Fichtman

    Focusing on the emerging nature of teacher voice in educational change, this ethnographic study examined the process of teacher-initiated change through collaborative research in an elementary school. Four elementary school teachers, their principal, and a university professor were involved in the research. Qualitative data was collected through…

  15. Using Virtual Technology to Enhance Field Experiences for Pre-Service Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billingsley, Glenna M.; Scheuermann, Brenda K.

    2014-01-01

    Teacher educators of pre-service teachers of students with special needs face challenges in providing the unique knowledge and skills required of highly qualified special education teachers. The emerging use of various forms of virtual technology, however, offers realistic solutions to these problems. This systematic review of literature examines…

  16. An Online Course to Help Teachers "Use Technology to Enhance Learning": Successes and Limitations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marra, Rose M.

    2004-01-01

    The technology information age mandates that teacher education programs integrate technology into the curriculum. Yet, as the demand for technology use in K-12 classrooms increases nationwide, many teachers feel unprepared for this task (Sprague, Kopfman, & Dorsey, 1998). Traditional face-to-face teacher education and professional development…

  17. Enhancing Teacher Collaboration Effectiveness of Collaboration in Online and Face-to-Face Learning Formats

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Pamela K.

    2013-01-01

    As a result of the district program evaluation, a follow up on teacher perceptions of an online collaboration versus face to face collaboration approach was deemed necessary. The interviews were conducted with eight teachers from a suburban southwest K-8 public school district. After all teachers had participated in a 10 week program evaluation…

  18. Examining the Instructional Design of a Technology Enhanced Course for New Mentor Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Rebecca M.

    2009-01-01

    To be effective, teacher education programs need to engage teachers in learning as professionals. This includes learning experiences grounded in classroom practice and guidance to develop as professionals so teachers can take on roles of leaders and mentors in their classrooms and in partnerships with universities. New web-based communication…

  19. Using Collaborative Technology to Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnelly, Dermot Francis; Hume, Anne

    2015-01-01

    Background: Supporting pre-service teacher (PT) collaboration as a means of professional learning is a challenging but essential task for effective practice. However, teacher placements or practicums in schools, which is common practice within teacher education programmes, can often isolate PTs from sharing their experiences with each other.…

  20. Selecting and Preparing Teachers and School Leaders to Improve Educational Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bastian, Kevin C.

    2013-01-01

    In the following three studies we explore ways to improve the quality of school-based personnel by identifying characteristics and training of effective teachers and principals. First, to enhance the selection and hiring of teachers into preparation programs and/or school districts, we examine whether teachers' non-cognitive characteristics…

  1. Effective Schools: Managing the Recruitment, Development, and Retention of High-Quality Teachers. Working Paper 37

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beteille, Tara; Kalogrides, Demetra; Loeb, Susanna

    2009-01-01

    Teachers are systematically sorted across schools. Often, schools serving the lowest-achieving students are staffed by the least-skilled teachers. While teachers' school preferences account for some of the sorting, school practices are also likely to be a key factor. Using value-added methods, the authors examine the relationship between a…

  2. Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: Making the Most of Recent Research. TQ Research & Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goe, Laura; Stickler, Leslie M.

    2008-01-01

    While many studies attest that some teachers contribute more to their students' academic growth than other teachers, research has not been very successful at identifying the specific teacher qualifications, characteristics, and classroom practices that are most likely to improve student learning. Unfortunately, this is just the information that…

  3. Seniority Provisions in Collective Bargaining Agreements and the "Teacher Quality Gap"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Feng, Li; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

    2013-01-01

    For at least two decades, studies have demonstrated that the least experienced and credentialed teachers are concentrated in poor, minority, and low-performing schools. Some blame provisions in collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) between teachers unions and school districts that favor senior teachers. Seniority preference rules, they say,…

  4. Using Drawn Images to Prepare Teachers Who Can Envision and Actualize a World of Educational Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Dorothy Ciner

    2007-01-01

    Background: Examined or unexamined, all teacher candidates (TCs) bring to their teacher education programs their prior school experience as well as the socio-cultural history of education. This study was one of a series done by this researcher (1994, 2004, 2005, 2006) to find ways to promote reflective practice in teacher education. Purpose: The…

  5. Teacher Preparation Solutions: Rumbling for Quality Just Won't Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brewer, Thomas M.

    2006-01-01

    Due to rapid population growth and critical teacher shortages on the national level in today's fast-changing public school systems, we are witnessing an unprecedented crisis in higher education and teacher preparation. To better understand the current state of teacher certification and preparation, this article examines the contentious atmosphere…

  6. Enriching the Professional Learning of Early Years Teachers in Disadvantaged Contexts: The Impact of Quality Resources and Quality Professional Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Elizabeth A.; Miller, Jodie

    2013-01-01

    Studies indicate that very few teachers entering disadvantaged contexts feel prepared academically or professionally to teach effectively. This study focuses on the impact of a model for professional learning, the RoleM Professional Learning model (RPL), situated in a disadvantaged context over a three-year period. The participating teachers (n =…

  7. Enhancing Social Competence and the Child-Teacher Relationship Using a Child-Centred Play Training Model in Hong Kong Preschools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leung, Chi-hung

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether a child-centred play training model, filial play therapy, enhances child-teacher relationship and thereby reduces children's internalising problems (such as anxiety/depression and withdrawal) and externalising problems (such as aggressive and destructive behaviour). Sixty teachers (n = 60) and 60…

  8. Learning about Seasons in a Technologically Enhanced Environment: The Impact of Teacher-Guided and Student-Centered Instructional Approaches on the Process of Students' Conceptual Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Ying-Shao

    2008-01-01

    To explore the ways in which teacher-guided and student-centered instructional approaches influence students' conceptual understanding of seasonal change, we designed a technology-enhanced learning (TEL) course to compare, by means of concept maps, the learning outcome of students in two groups: a teacher-guided (TG) class (with whole-class…

  9. Data quality enhancement in oil reservoir operations : an application of IPMAP

    E-print Network

    Lin, Paul Hong-Yi

    2012-01-01

    This thesis presents a study of data quality enhancement opportunities in upstream oil and gas industry. Information Product MAP (IPMAP) methodology is used in reservoir pressure and reservoir simulation data, to propose ...

  10. Nursery Production Technologies for Enhancing Water Quality Protection and Water Conservation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The broad objectives of the Floral and Nursery Research Initiative, Nursery Production Technologies for Enhancing Water Quality Protection and Water Conservation project are to develop economically feasible production systems and management practices that promote water conservation and protect water...

  11. Enhancing early child care quality and learning for toddlers at risk: the responsive early childhood program.

    PubMed

    Landry, Susan H; Zucker, Tricia A; Taylor, Heather B; Swank, Paul R; Williams, Jeffrey M; Assel, Michael; Crawford, April; Huang, Weihua; Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine; Lonigan, Christopher J; Phillips, Beth M; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L; de Villiers, Jill; de Villiers, Peter; Barnes, Marcia; Starkey, Prentice; Klein, Alice

    2014-02-01

    Despite reports of positive effects of high-quality child care, few experimental studies have examined the process of improving low-quality center-based care for toddler-age children. In this article, we report intervention effects on child care teachers' behaviors and children's social, emotional, behavioral, early literacy, language, and math outcomes as well as the teacher-child relationship. The intervention targeted the use of a set of responsive teacher practices, derived from attachment and sociocultural theories, and a comprehensive curriculum. Sixty-five childcare classrooms serving low-income 2- and 3-year-old children were randomized into 3 conditions: business-as-usual control, Responsive Early Childhood Curriculum (RECC), and RECC plus explicit social-emotional classroom activities (RECC+). Classroom observations showed greater gains for RECC and RECC+ teachers' responsive practices including helping children manage their behavior, establishing a predictable schedule, and use of cognitively stimulating activities (e.g., shared book reading) compared with controls; however, teacher behaviors did not differ for focal areas such as sensitivity and positive discipline supports. Child assessments demonstrated that children in the interventions outperformed controls in areas of social and emotional development, although children's performance in control and intervention groups was similar for cognitive skills (language, literacy, and math). Results support the positive impact of responsive teachers and environments providing appropriate support for toddlers' social and emotional development. Possible explanations for the absence of systematic differences in children's cognitive skills are considered, including implications for practice and future research targeting low-income toddlers. PMID:23772822

  12. What Does "Highly Qualified" Mean for Student Achievement? Evaluating the Relationships between Teacher Quality Indicators and At-Risk Students' Mathematics and Reading Achievement Gains in First Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Kristie J. R.

    2010-01-01

    Policymakers and researchers continue to search for ways to improve K-12 education, which has led to an increased focus on teacher quality as an impetus for educational improvement. As such, current legislation under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) calls for highly qualified teachers in every classroom. But are the characteristics associated with…

  13. The Influences of LuxX in "Escherichia Coli" Biofilm Formation and Improving Teacher Quality through the Bio-Bus Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Chandan Morris

    2012-01-01

    The objectives of this work are: (1) to agarose-stabilize fragile biofilms for quantitative structure analysis; (2) to understand the influences of LuxS on biofilm formation; (3) to improve teacher quality by preparing Georgia's middle school science teachers to integrate inquiry-based, hands-on research modules in the classroom. Quantitative…

  14. CITIZENS WATER QUALITY MONITORING & MARINE HABITAT ENHANCEMENT PROJECT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Plant 9,000 marsh grass plants along Bayou Lafourches banks, the regions hurricane protection levees, and the marshlands surrounding Bayou Lafourche, thereby enhancing coastal areas and marine habitat. These plantings will be designed to simultaneously raise community awareness ...

  15. Formative and summative evaluation efforts for the Teacher Enhancement Institute conducted at the NASA Langley Research Center, summer 1994

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carlson, Randal D.

    1994-01-01

    The Teacher Enhancement Institute (TEI) at NASA Langley Research Center was developed in response to Executive Order 12821 which mandates national laboratories to 'assist in the mathematics and science education of our Nation's students, teachers, parents, and the public by establishing programs at their agency to provide for training elementary and secondary school teachers to improve their knowledge of mathematics and science. Such programs, to the maximum extent possible, shall involve partnerships with universities, state and local elementary and secondary school authorities, corporations and community based organizations'. The faculty worked closely with one another and the invited speakers to insure that the sessions supported the objectives. Speakers were informed of the objectives and given guidance concerning form and function for the session. Faculty members monitored sessions to assist speakers and to provide a quality control function. Faculty provided feedback to speakers concerning general objective accomplishment. Participant comments were also provided when applicable. Post TEI surveys asked for specific comments about each TEI session. During the second of the two, two week institutes, daily critiques were provided to the participants for their reflection. This seemed to provide much improved feedback to speakers and faculty because the sessions were fresh in each participant's mind. Between sessions one and two, some changes were made to the program as a result of the formative evaluation process. Those changes, though, were minor in nature and comprised what may be called 'fine tuning' a well conceived and implemented program. After the objectives were written, an assessment instrument was developed to test the accomplishment of the objectives. This instrument was actually two surveys, one given before the TEI and one given after the TEI. In using such a series, it was expected that changes in the participants induced by attendance at TEI may be discovered. Because the institute was limited in time and depth of exposure, attitudinal changes (self-assessment of ability and confidence) were chosen to be surveyed. On the pre-survey, seven general categories of questions were asked. The post-survey repeated three of these categories, providing a pre and post evaluation of the same questions and added a fourth category which asked the participant to self-assess objective accomplishment. The assessment process for TEI was valuable when one looks at the final accomplishments of the TEI. A number of aspects stand out: (1) formative evaluation during project development allowed the goals and objectives to guide the development of the institute; (2) formative evaluation provided positive guidance to presenters in developing and implementing their session; (3) formative evaluation helped presenters to improve or focus their sessions; (4) summative evaluation provided managers a way to gauge the success of the institute; (5) summative evaluation provided a benchmark for future programs to be measured against.

  16. Learning in a Technology-Rich Environment A quality enhancement plan

    E-print Network

    Ning, Peng

    Learning in a Technology-Rich Environment A quality enhancement plan for North Carolina State Technical Editor: Nancy H. Margolis LITRE logo and cover design: Mike Cuales of NC State Learning Technology LITRE is an empirical research program aimed at enhancing the extensive learning with technology

  17. Benefits of using enhanced air quality information in human health studies

    EPA Science Inventory

    The ability of four (4) enhancements of gridded PM2.5 concentrations derived from observations and air quality models to detect the relative risk of long-term exposure to PM2.5 are evaluated with a simulation study. The four enhancements include nearest-nei...

  18. Connecting science and the musical arts in teaching tone quality: Integrating Helmholtz motion and master violin teachers' pedagogies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Collins, Cheri D.

    Is it possible for students to achieve better tone quality from even their factory-made violins? All violins, regardless of cost, have a common capacity for good tone in certain frequencies. These signature modes outline the first position range of a violin (196-600 hertz). To activate this basic capacity of all violins, the string must fully vibrate. To accomplish this the bow must be pulled across the string with enough pressure (relative to its speed and contact point) for the horsehairs to catch. This friction permits the string to vibrate in Helmholtz Motion, which produces a corner that travels along the edge of the string between the bridge and the nut. Creating this corner is the most fundamental technique for achieving good tone. The findings of celebrated scientists Ernest Chladni, Hermann von Helmholtz, and John Schelleng will be discussed and the tone-production pedagogy of master teachers Carl Flesch, Ivan Galamian, Robert Gerle, and Simon Fischer will be investigated. Important connections between the insights of these scientists and master teachers are evident. Integrating science and art can provide teachers with a better understanding of the characteristics of good tone. This can help their students achieve the best possible sound from their instruments. In the private studio the master teacher may not use the words "Helmholtz Motion." Yet through modeling and listening students are able to understand and create a quality tone. Music teachers without experience in string performance may be assigned to teach strings in classroom and ensembles settings. As a result modeling good tone is not always possible. However, all teachers and conductors can understand the fundamental behavior of string vibration and adapt their instruction strategies towards student success. Better tonal quality for any string instrument is ultimately achieved. Mastery and use of the Helmholtz Motion benefits teachers and students alike. Simple practice exercises for teaching and conducting, based on student discovery rather than modeling, are presented in Appendix A: Application. This approach to teaching good tone can be applied successfully in all string settings and levels.

  19. Exploiting environmental resonances to enhance qubit quality factors Silvia Kleff,1

    E-print Network

    von Delft, Jan

    equations) and calculate correlation functions, dephasing rates, and qubit quality factors. We findExploiting environmental resonances to enhance qubit quality factors Silvia Kleff,1 Stefan Kehrein-state Josephson qubits. It can be mapped to a spin-boson model with a spectral function with an approximately

  20. Enhancement of matrix converter output waveform quality using minimized commutation times

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick W. Wheeler; Jon Clare; Lee Empringham

    2004-01-01

    This letter introduces a new concept in current commutation for matrix converters that minimizes the commutation time and, hence, enhances the output waveform quality. This commutation technique overcomes all the waveform quality problems associated with dead times in inverter-based circuits without the need for compensation. Practical results from a 10-kVA matrix converter are presented.

  1. LSU Virtual Museum: Technology-Enhanced Geoscience Teacher Workshops for Louisiana K-8 Educators.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warny, S.; Egea-Kuehne, D.; Tedford, R.; Lopez, A.

    2007-12-01

    The Virtual Museum, a Louisiana Board of Regents sponsored SELECT program, is a collaborative project between the Museum of Natural Science and the French Education Project at Louisiana State University. It offers Louisiana science teachers, in-training teachers, and immersion teachers a professional development program via six videoconferences. These videoconferences are broadcast from LSU to six distance-learning sites across the entire state of Louisiana. This unique teacher population was selected because in Louisiana, there are two types of K-8 science teachers: teachers in traditional classroom settings and teachers in immersion programs. In the Foreign language Immersion programs, the target language (French or Spanish) is the language of instruction and communication in the classroom. For each videoconference, teachers are provided content material that is prepared by geology faculty and graduate students, example of ongoing field research by LSU faculty members, classroom-ready activities, information on available loan material and on-line resources, training on the unique Scope-On-A-Rope microscope, pre-made PowerPoint presentations and virtual museum photos, all, in French and in English. Three of the videoconferences emphasize regional and statewide earth science topics including Louisiana fossils, rocks and minerals, and field techniques used to interpret Louisiana's geologic history. The activities provided for teachers are hands-on, inquiry based classroom exercises that focus on the availability of local materials. These activities can also be scaled for use in a variety of grade-levels and teachers are encouraged to use these activities in their classrooms. The program has proven to foster new collaboration between science teachers in regular programs and immersion schools while boosting the interest statewide for natural science topics.

  2. The Effects of Teachers' Attitudes toward Classroom Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksu, Mualla Bilgin; Caglar, Caglar

    2006-01-01

    This study aimed to provide an answer to whether a given seminar on total quality management (TQM) to primary school teachers can enhance their positive attitudes toward classroom management or not. The participants in this study were teachers working in Cengiz Topel Primary School and Yil Primary School. Both schools are located in Adiyaman, a…

  3. Enhancing the Undergraduate Experience: The Role of a Student Organization for Preservice Agricultural Science Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, T. Grady; Harlin, Julie F.; Murphrey, Theresa P.; Dooley, Kim E.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if a need exists to establish an organization specifically for preservice agricultural science teachers and if so, the attributes of such an organization. Selected peer preservice agricultural education programs were examined and focus groups were conducted with preservice and inservice teachers. Results…

  4. Enhancing Cultural Competence among Teachers of African American Children Using Mediated Lesson Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West-Olatunji, Cirecie A.; Behar-Horenstein, Linda; Rant, Jeffrey; Cohen-Phillips, Lakechia N.

    2008-01-01

    Researchers investigated if early childhood teachers could become reflective practitioners when they studied culturally specific constructs within a digital collegial environment. Three female African American early childhood teachers within three different settings (a faith-based primary school, a home school, and a government-funded pre-school…

  5. Enhancing Prospective Teachers' Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs through Scaffolded, Student-Directed Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liang, Ling L.; Richardson, Greer M.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the impact of a recently revised science course that engaged preservice teachers in a scaffolded, student-directed inquiry unit on local streams. Upon the completion of the inquiry project, the teacher candidates in the stream study classes demonstrated significantly greater improvement in the personal science teaching efficacy…

  6. Information Resources and Retrieval: The Ways Technology Can Enhance Preparing Tomorrow's Teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henry Wang; James Yao

    In today's information society, we ask: will new teachers be prepared to teach in a digital age? We understand that information resources are vital. Knowing how to retrieve information is important but having the knowledge and skills to evaluate the information found is paramount. The relationship between students and teachers, which is fundamental to the learning process, still remains the

  7. The Portfolio Effect: Enhancing Turkish ELT Student-Teachers' Autonomy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yildirim, Rana

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on the use of portfolios to develop ELT major student-teachers' autonomy. The research was carried out for 14 weeks with twenty-one 3rd grade student-teachers in the English Language Teaching Department of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey. To evaluate the impact of portfolios on fostering the participants'…

  8. Enhancing Teacher Competency through Co-Teaching and Embedded Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaffer, LaShorage; Thomas-Brown, Karen

    2015-01-01

    The ongoing professional development of general education and special education teachers is vital to the success of students with disabilities. As more classrooms transition to a co-teaching model, the professional development that teachers engage in must transition to meet the needs of both groups of professionals. This study used a qualitative…

  9. Teacher Design Knowledge for Technology Enhanced Learning: An Ecological Framework for Investigating Assets and Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenney, Susan; Kali, Yael; Markauskaite, Lina; Voogt, Joke

    2015-01-01

    Despite the fact that teaching is increasingly referred to as a design science, teacher education programs devote relatively little time to developing expertise in the design of instruction, beyond lesson planning. Yet today's teachers not only plan lessons that incorporate existing classroom activities and instructional resources, they also…

  10. Using Blended Learning for Enhancing EFL Prospective Teachers' Pedagogical Knowledge and Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badawi, Mohamed Farrag

    2009-01-01

    The basic objective of the present study is to investigate the effectiveness of using blended learning model in developing EFL prospective teachers' pedagogical knowledge and performance. The study sample included 38 EFL Saudi prospective teachers (fourth-year students) at the Faculty of Education & Arts, University of Tabuk, KSA. To collect the…

  11. Enhancing the Australian Early Childhood Teacher Education Curriculum about Very Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garvis, Susanne; Lemon, Narelle

    2015-01-01

    Research has shown that the care and education of infants and toddlers is an under-represented area in early childhood teacher education. This is also the case in Australia, meaning that pre-service teachers have few opportunities for learning about infants and toddlers and thus tend to have limited theoretical and practical knowledge about…

  12. Information Literacy Follow-Through: Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Information Evaluation Skills through Formative Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seely, Sara Robertson; Fry, Sara Winstead; Ruppel, Margie

    2011-01-01

    An investigation into preservice teachers' information evaluation skills at a large university suggests that formative assessment can improve student achievement. Preservice teachers were asked to apply information evaluation skills in the areas of currency, relevancy, authority, accuracy, and purpose. The study used quantitative methods to assess…

  13. An Organizational and Task Perspective Model Aimed at Enhancing Teachers' Professional Development and Occupational Expertise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evers, Arnoud T.; Kreijns, Karel; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.; Gerrichhauzen, John T. G.

    2011-01-01

    Currently, many countries, including the Netherlands, are "plagued" by severe, both quantitative and qualitative, teacher shortages that are even expected to increase in the years to come. Teachers' occupational development, therefore, has become an important issue on the research agenda of the respective countries. It is essential to develop more…

  14. Enhancing Teachers' Application of Inquiry-Based Strategies Using a Constructivist Sociocultural Professional Development Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brand, Brenda R.; Moore, Sandra J.

    2011-01-01

    This two-year school-wide initiative to improve teachers' pedagogical skills in inquiry-based science instruction using a constructivist sociocultural professional development model involved 30 elementary teachers from one school, three university faculty, and two central office content supervisors. Research was conducted for investigating the…

  15. Adaptive EAGLE dynamic solution adaptation and grid quality enhancement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luong, Phu Vinh; Thompson, J. F.; Gatlin, B.; Mastin, C. W.; Kim, H. J.

    1992-01-01

    In the effort described here, the elliptic grid generation procedure in the EAGLE grid code was separated from the main code into a subroutine, and a new subroutine which evaluates several grid quality measures at each grid point was added. The elliptic grid routine can now be called, either by a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code to generate a new adaptive grid based on flow variables and quality measures through multiple adaptation, or by the EAGLE main code to generate a grid based on quality measure variables through static adaptation. Arrays of flow variables can be read into the EAGLE grid code for use in static adaptation as well. These major changes in the EAGLE adaptive grid system make it easier to convert any CFD code that operates on a block-structured grid (or single-block grid) into a multiple adaptive code.

  16. TEACHER RECOMMENDATION TO THE TEACHER

    E-print Network

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    TEACHER RECOMMENDATION TO THE TEACHER: Please complete all. __________________________________________________________ Teacher's Name ______________________________ __________________________ Teacher's Telephone Number Teacher's Email Address __________________________________________________________ Teacher's Signature

  17. Unpacking the Black Box of the CSRP Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-child Relationship Quality and Self-regulation

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Stephanie M.; Bub, Kristen L.; Raver, C. Cybele

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms including the quality of teacher-child relationships and children’s self-regulation. The CSRP is a multi-component teacher- and classroom-focused intervention, and its cluster-randomized efficacy trial was conducted in 35 Head Start-funded classrooms. A series of increasingly complex and conservative structural equation models indicate that the CSRP carries its effects on children’s academic and behavioral outcomes through changes in teacher-child relationship quality and children’s self-regulation. PMID:24729666

  18. Enhancing the Quality and Trust of Citizen Science Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abdulmonem Alabri; Jane Hunter

    2010-01-01

    The Internet, Web 2.0 and Social Networking technologies are enabling citizens to actively participate in “citizen science” projects by contributing data to scientific programs. However, the limited expertise of contributors can lead to poor quality or misleading data being submitted. Subsequently, the scientific community often perceive citizen science data as not worthy of being used in serious scientific research. In

  19. Using UAVs to enhance the quality of precision agriculture

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Recent studies by USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) have indicated potential for significant improvement in the quality and application of Precision Agriculture products through the use of very high resolution imagery. An assessment of potential platforms to collect such imagery at an afford...

  20. Extended Music Education Enhances the Quality of School Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eerola, Päivi-Sisko; Eerola, Tuomas

    2014-01-01

    The claim of whether music education can create social benefits in the school environment was tested in 10 Finnish schools with an extended music curricular class and control classes. The quality of school life (QSL) was assessed by a representative sample ("N" = 735) of pupils at years 3 and 6 (9- and 12-years-olds). The results showed…

  1. Enhancing the Impact of Quality Points in Interteaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosales, Rocío; Soldner, James L.; Crimando, William

    2014-01-01

    Interteaching is a classroom instruction approach based on behavioral principles that offers increased flexibility to instructors. There are several components of interteaching that may contribute to its demonstrated efficacy. In a prior analysis of one of these components, the quality points contingency, no significant difference was reported in…

  2. Enhancing Recombinant Protein Quality and Yield by Protein Stability Profiling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tara M. Mezzasalma; James K. Kranz; Winnie Chan; Geoffrey T. Struble; Céline Schalk-Hihi; Ingrid C. Deckman; Barry A. Springer; Matthew J. Todd

    2007-01-01

    The reliable production of large amounts of stable, high-quality proteins is a major challenge facing pharmaceutical protein biochemists, necessary for fulfilling demands from structural biology, for high-throughput screening, and for assay purposes throughout early discovery. One strategy for bypassing purification challenges in problematic systems is to engineer multiple forms of a particular protein to optimize expression, purification, and stability, often

  3. Production of high quality fuels using the enhanced Enersludge™ process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Skrypsi-Mäntele; T. R. Bridle; P. Freeman; A. Luceks; P. D. Ye

    The Enersludge™ process converts sewage sludge, biomass and other carbonaceous materials to re-usable fuels. Currently the low grade fuels namely char, reaction water and non-condensed gas are used to drive the process with the oil being classified as surplus fuel. Consequently oil quality is of paramount importance with regard to marketability of the Enersludge™ process. The new process comprises a

  4. Mathematics Achievement in Yunnan Province: The Effects of Family, Region, and Teacher Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Yu; Post, David

    2000-01-01

    Examines student mathematics achievement in rural and urban areas of Yunnan Province (China) using a sample of students in 162 schools to study the effect of the students' school location, family background, and teacher qualifications. Reveals that the level of teacher training greatly affects student knowledge. (CMK)

  5. Quality Teachers for Indigenous Students: An Imperative for the Twenty-First Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thaman, Konai Helu

    2013-01-01

    This paper argues that all learners need teachers who are not only professionally qualified but also culturally competent. This is particularly so with teachers of indigenous students, who face the conflicting expectations of schools and those of their home cultures. References to Pacific students will be used to illustrate some of the conflicts…

  6. Children's Cortisol and the Quality of Teacher-Child Relationships in Child Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lisonbee, Jared A.; Mize, Jacquelyn; Payne, Amie Lapp; Granger, Douglas A.

    2008-01-01

    Teacher-child relationships were examined as predictors of cortisol change in preschool children. Saliva for assays was collected from one hundred and ninety-one 4-year-olds (101 boys) in the mornings and afternoons on 2 days at child care, and before and after a series of challenging tasks and a teacher-child interaction session outside the…

  7. Impact of Online Professional Development on Teacher Quality and Student Achievement in Fifth Grade Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dash, Sheralyn; de Kramer, Raquel Magidin; O'Dwyer, Laura M.; Masters, Jessica; Russell, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Despite the ever-increasing number of online professional development (OPD) programs, relatively few studies have been conducted to examine the efficacy of such programs for teachers and students. This manuscript presents findings from an impact study of OPD courses in fractions, algebraic thinking, and measurement on 79 fifth grade teachers'…

  8. Teacher Perceptions of Professional Development Required by the Wisconsin Quality Educator Initiative, PI 34

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sixel, Deborah Marie

    2013-01-01

    Existing research has shown an association between teachers' professional growth and student success. However, there is a lack of information on the mandated professional development linked to Wisconsin teacher licensure requirements. The purpose of this study was to examine the phenomenon of self-directed professional development and its…

  9. Class Size Reduction, Teacher Quality, and Academic Achievement in California Public Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jepsen, Christopher; Rivkin, Steven

    2002-01-01

    Intuitively, class size reduction is a good idea. Parents support it because it means that their children will receive more individual attention from teachers. Teachers like it for the same reason and also because it creates a more manageable workload. It is generally assumed that the fewer students in a class, the better they will learn and the…

  10. Observed Characteristics and Teacher Quality: Impacts of Sample Selection on a Value Added Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, Marcus A.; Dixon, Bruce L.; Greene, Jay P.

    2012-01-01

    We measure the impact of observed teacher characteristics on student math and reading proficiency using a rich dataset from Florida. We expand upon prior work by accounting directly for nonrandom attrition of teachers from the classroom in a sample selection framework. We find evidence that sample selection is present in the estimation of the…

  11. Perceptions of Middle School Teachers on the Quality of Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giwa, Safurat Anike

    2012-01-01

    Professional learning and professional development are the essential tools employed in schools, districts, and universities in order to increase teachers' knowledge and skills. To gain the most from professional development in middle schools, the experiences and activities must be based on standards. Few researchers explore how teachers think…

  12. Action Research: A Tool for Improving Teacher Quality and Classroom Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, Katherine A.; Greene, H. Carol; Anderson, Patricia J.

    2006-01-01

    Background: Action research is a meaningful form of research because it is conducted by the teacher in his or her own classroom. Action research requires a teacher to design a study in an area of interest and conduct it in their own classroom. Action research is a requirement for some masters of education programs in the United States. Purpose: To…

  13. Application of Principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) in Teacher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manivannan, M.; Premila, K. S.

    2009-01-01

    The indomitable spirit of higher education paves the way for the growth of a nation in the political, economic, social, intellectual and spiritual dimensions. Teacher education is one of the areas in higher education which trains student-teachers in pedagogy, which in turn helps them to train the young minds of educational institutions. The "Fate…

  14. Recruiting, Retaining, and Preparing Quality Urban Teachers: The Urban Learning Program (ULRN)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Ann L.; Lewis, James L.

    2011-01-01

    This study's goals were to describe an urban, blended undergraduate/teacher preparation program and to assess its effectiveness in recruiting, retaining, and preparing diverse teachers to teach in urban schools. Methods used included a 43-item, on-line survey and semi-structured interviews. One hundred nine undergraduates (68%) responded to the…

  15. The Pursuit of Quality over Quantity in TESOL Teacher Education: Coursework versus Test Only

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sehlaoui, Abdelilah Salim; Shinge, Manjula

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether licensed in-service teachers of English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) in K-12 schools are more knowledgeable in the area of applied linguistics than their nonlicensed counterparts, and whether the ESOL-licensed teachers who have taken courses toward their licensure are more knowledgeable in…

  16. On "Japanese Style" Teacher Education Reform: Considering Issues of Quality Development under an "Open System"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwata, Yasuyuki

    2015-01-01

    A complication of teacher education policy in Japan is rooted in a gap between an image of teachers, which is held by society as a whole, and includes various character traits and the reality of Japanese university education. On the other hand, the expansion of an "open system" and lack of nationwide standard are making individual…

  17. The Rural Practicum: Preparing a Quality Teacher Workforce for Rural and Regional Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, Jodie; White, Simone; Lock, Graeme

    2013-01-01

    Communities play a critical role in supporting pre-service teachers during rural and regional professional experience. This support, coupled with access to teacher educators and university resources, appears to positively influence graduate attitudes toward taking up a rural appointment. These are among the key findings to emerge from open-ended…

  18. APS Summer Research Teachers Convene to Focus on Enhancing Effective Classroom Teaching

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    APS Education Office (American Physiological Society Education Office)

    2011-10-01

    This article is on pages 187-188 of the PDF file. As part of the year-long 2011 Frontiers in Physiology Fellowship program, 16 enthusiastic science teachers from across the nation took a weeklong break from their summer research experience in APS membersÂ? research laboratories in July. The research teachers (RTs) convened for the Â?APS Science Teaching Forum,Â? an intensive week-long workshop retreat at the Airlie Center in Warrenton, VA.

  19. Enhancing Diversity In The Geosciences; Intensive Field Experience In USA And Mexico For Middle And High School Teachers Serving Large Hispanic Populations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. M. Leal-Bautista; K. B. Kitts; G. Velazquez Oliman; E. C. Perry

    2008-01-01

    To encourage Hispanic participation and enrolment in the geosciences and ultimately enhance diversity within the discipline, we recruited ten middle and high school science teachers serving large Hispanic populations (60-97%) for a paid three-week field experience supported by an NSF Opportunities for Enhancing Diversity in the Geosciences grant. In 2006, the field experiences focused on volcanic events and the water

  20. The Effect of the Use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative Training in the Pilot Districts on the Sustained Use of Quality Tools by Classroom Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidbauer, Hollace J.

    2010-01-01

    In the late 1990s, teachers in five pilot districts in Ohio were trained during the Baldrige in Education Initiative (BiE IN). Training included Baldrige's theory, quality process and quality tools. The study was a follow-up to determine the effect of the use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative training in the pilot districts (and other early…

  1. Enhancing diabetes management while teaching quality improvement methods.

    PubMed

    Sievers, Beth A; Negley, Kristin D F; Carlson, Marny L; Nelson, Joyce L; Pearson, Kristina K

    2014-01-01

    Six medical units realized that they were having issues with accurate timing of bedtime blood glucose measurement for their patients with diabetes. They decided to investigate the issues by using their current staff nurse committee structure. The clinical nurse specialists and nurse education specialists decided to address the issue by educating and engaging the staff in the define, measure, analyze, improve, control (DMAIC) framework process. They found that two issues needed to be improved, including timing of bedtime blood glucose measurement and snack administration and documentation. Several educational interventions were completed and resulted in improved timing of bedtime glucose measurement and bedtime snack documentation. The nurses understood the DMAIC process, and collaboration and cohesion among the medical units was enhanced. PMID:24369753

  2. Teacher Workspaces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    Well-designed and -equipped teacher workspaces provide the opportunity to improve student achievement at every step of their K-12 education. Shared workspace enhances communication among teachers as they evaluate student performance individually and collectively, and share insights with one another. This paper addresses the key elements found in…

  3. Using quality improvement methodologies to enhance cross departmental collaboration and quality cost reduction

    E-print Network

    Kilburn-Peterson, Christopher

    2005-01-01

    The research and project implementations described in this study took place during a seven-month period in 2004 at a distribution transformer factory in Germany. The purpose of this research is to show how quality management ...

  4. Overview of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn McQueen; Brian S Mittman; John G Demakis

    2004-01-01

    The U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA)'s Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) is an innovative integration of health services research, policy, and clinical care delivery designed to improve the quality, outcomes, and efficiency of VHA health care through the identification and implementation of evidence-based practices in routine care settings. A total of eight condition-specific QUERI centers are currently in operation, each

  5. Using partnerships with scientists to enhance teacher capacity to address the NGSS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pavelsky, T.; Haine, D. B.; Drostin, M.

    2013-12-01

    Increasingly, scientists are seeking outreach experts to assist with the education and outreach components of their research grants. These experts have the skills and expertise to assist with translating scientific research into lessons and activities that are aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) as well as state standards, are STEM-focused and that address the realities of the K-12 science classroom. Since 2007, the Institute for the Environment (IE) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has been conducting teacher professional development and high school student science enrichment programs to promote climate literacy. Partnering with scientists to deepen content knowledge and promote engagement with technology and real data has been a successful strategy for cultivating increased climate literacy among teachers and students. In this session, we will share strategies for effectively engaging scientists in K-12 educational activities by providing specific examples of the various ways in which scientists can be integrated into programming and their research translated into relevant classroom activities. Engaging scientists and translating their research into classroom activities is an approach that becomes even more relevant with the advent of the NGSS. The NGSS's Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCIs) that encompass climate literacy can be addressed by partnering with scientists to provide teachers with current content knowledge and technological tools needed to promote integration of relevant science and engineering practices and cross-cutting themes. Here we highlight a successful partnership in which IE science educators collaborated with with a faculty member to develop a lesson for North Carolina teachers introducing them to new research on satellite remote sensing of the water cycle, while also promoting student engagement with local data. The resulting lesson was featured during a two-day, IE-led teacher workshop for 21 North Carolina high school teachers in July 2013 titled, 'Observing regional and global water resources: Using remote sensing and field data to better understand the hydrologic cycle.'

  6. ANDRILL: INVOLVING TEACHERS IN FIELD RESEARCH ENHANCES THE TRANSFER OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE TO CLASSROOMS AND TO OTHER EDUCATORS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cattadori, M.; Huffman, L. T.; Trummel, B.

    2009-12-01

    For most educators, the end of a field research experience is truly the beginning. From the knowledge gained and the excitement of living and working in a harsh environment like Antarctica, ARISE (ANDRILL Research Immersion for Science Educators) participants create enhanced learning experiences and resources for their students and for the professional development of other teachers. ANDRILL (Antarctic geological DRILLing) is an multi-national and interdisciplinary research project involving Italy, Germany , New Zealand, and USA. The core concept of its Education and Public Outreach Program is to embed educators as integral members on the science research teams, allowing them to participate in every phase of the mission. Their primary goal is to develop effective and innovative educational approaches for the communication of the scientific and technical aspects of the drilling program. ANDRILL has developed an exemplary teacher research experience model that differs from most by supporting a collaborative team of international educators rather than just one teacher. During the first two years of drilling projects, 2006 and 2007, ANDRILL took 16 educators from 4 countries to Antarctica. From those experiences, a growing collaborative network of polar science educators is nurtured, many valuable resources and examples of professional development have been created, and lessons have been learned and evaluated for future teacher research immersion experiences. An Italian ARISE participant and ANDRILL’s Education and Outreach Coordinator will present how ARISE has been at the core of developing transformational programs and resources in both countries including: [1] Flexhibit, a digital series of climate change materials designed for informal and formal learning environments that have been translated into Italian, German, French, Arabic, Spanish, and New Zealand English, (2) C2S2: Climate Change Student Summits, which provide professional development and resources for teachers and a video summit to bring together students from different latitudes, [3] an Italian network of institutions led by the National Museum of Antarctica, whose focus is the development of a more effective and inspired approach to climate education, [4] progettosmilla.it, an online project involving over 2000 students across Italy, and [5] ICLEEN, an Italian website that will provide translated science education materials for teachers in Italy. Together, the cadre of ARISE participants and the activities they have developed, have raised the profile of ANDRILL’s research activities in multiple areas and have provided much needed information on climate change to a variety of age groups and cultures in a diverse range of learning environments.

  7. Intraoperative Ultrasound-Fluoroscopy Fusion can Enhance Prostate Brachytherapy Quality

    SciTech Connect

    Orio, Peter F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Tutar, Ismail B. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Narayanan, Sreeram [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Arthurs, Sandra [Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Cho, Paul S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Kim, Yongmin [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Merrick, Gregory [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling, WV (United States); Wallner, Kent E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA (United States)], E-mail: kent.wallner@med.va.gov

    2007-09-01

    Purpose: To evaluate a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry system. Method and Materials: Twenty-five patients were treated for prostate cancer with Pd-103 implantation. After the execution of the treatment plan, two sets of TRUS images were collected using the longitudinal and axial transducers of a biplanar probe. Then, three fluoroscopic images were acquired at 0, -15 and +15{sup o}. The three-dimensional locations of all implanted seeds were reconstructed from fluoroscopic images. A subset of the implanted seeds was manually identified in TRUS images and used as fiducial markers to perform TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion. To improve the implant quality, additional seeds were placed if adverse isodose patterns were identified during visual inspection. If additional seeds were placed, intraoperative dosimetry was repeated. Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry was compared with final intraoperative dosimetry to validate dosimetry achieved in the implant suite. Results: An average of additional 4.0 seeds was implanted in 16 patients after initial intraoperative dose evaluation. Based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based dosimetry, the V100 improved from 86% to 93% (p = 0.005), whereas D90 increased from 94% to 109% (p = 0.011) with the guided additional seed implantation. No statistical difference was observed in V200 and V300 values. V100 and D90 values were 95 {+-} 4% and 120 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on the final intraoperative dosimetry evaluation, compared with 95 {+-} 4% and 122 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry. Conclusions: Implantation of extra seeds based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry can improve the final V100 and D90 values with minimal increase in V200 and V300 values.

  8. The Association between Partner Enhancement and Self-Enhancement and Relationship Quality Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busby, Dean M.; Holman, Thomas B.; Niehuis, Sylvia

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to understand in greater detail, using 2 samples (Study 1 N = 4,881 heterosexual couples; Study 2 N = 335 heterosexual couples who completed the Relationship Evaluation Questionnaire), how partner or self-enhancement patterns differentially influence relationship outcomes. A multivariate analysis of covariance was…

  9. A School-Based Urban Teacher Education Program That Enhances School-Community Connections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noel, Jana

    2008-01-01

    Urban schools today face numerous challenges. Urban poverty; high mobility in and out of neighborhoods; schools with inadequate funding to cover the educational, social, and health needs of urban children and their families; and high teacher turnover are just a few of the vital issues that call for partnerships with communities, service agencies,…

  10. My Teacher Rides a Harley: Enhancing K-5 Literacy through Songwriting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dulabaum, Gary

    In this memoir, the author recounts early days as a struggling reader and writer and outlines the songwriting process he uses in student workshops around the country. This book includes: tools and processes to guide teachers to begin writing songs in their classrooms; a compact disk of songs students can sing along with; and classroom activities…

  11. Evaluating Video Models of Evidence-Based Instructional Practices to Enhance Teacher Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dieker, Lisa A.; Lane, Holly B.; Allsopp, David H.; O'Brien, Chris; Butler, Tyran Wright; Kyger, Maggie; Lovin, LouAnn; Fenty, Nicole S.

    2009-01-01

    A process was developed to create Web-based video models of effective instructional practices for use in teacher education settings. Three video models, created at three university sites, demonstrated exemplary implementation of specific, evidence-based strategies in reading, math, and science. Video models of strategies were field tested with…

  12. Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network: The Dirt on Soil Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1900-01-01

    The Dirt on Soil Science is a 1 credit graduate course for K-6 elementary school teachers who are interested in understanding the basic principles of soil science. This online course lasts 6-weeks and includes conversing with your instructor and classmat

  13. Elaborate analogies in science text: Tools for enhancing preservice teachers’ knowledge and attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nita A. Paris; Shawn M. Glynn

    2004-01-01

    Preservice teachers studied texts about three fundamentally important science concepts. They read versions with no analogy, versions with a simple analogy, and versions with an elaborate analogy. An elaborate analogy is one that consists of text and pictorial components in which similarities between the analog and the target concept are made explicit. Verbal and imagery processes combine to promote a

  14. Evaluating Difficulty Levels of Dynamic Geometry Software Tools to Enhance Teachers' Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hohenwarter, Judith; Hohenwarter, Markus; Lavicza, Zsolt

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a study aimed to identify commonly emerging impediments related to the introduction of dynamic mathematics software. We report on the analysis of data collected during a three-week professional development programme organised for middle and high school teachers in Florida. The study identified challenges that participants face…

  15. Enhancing Higher Order Thinking Skills among Inservice Science Teachers via Embedded Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barak, Miri; Dori, Yehudit Judy

    2009-01-01

    Testing students on higher order thinking skills may reinforce these skills among them. To research this assertion, we developed a graduate course for inservice science teachers in a framework of a "Journal Club"--a hybrid course which combines face-to-face classroom discussions with online activities, interrelating teaching, learning, and…

  16. Relationships for Learning: Using Pupil Voice to Define Teacher-Pupil Relationships that Enhance Pupil Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Helena

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a summary of a pupil voice research project conducted to investigate the influence that teacher-pupil relationships have on pupils' feelings of engagement with their school. The study involved two year groups (12-13 and 14-15 year olds) in a rural secondary school in Cambridgeshire. Data sources were collected through a questionnaire…

  17. Enhancing Christian School Experiences for Pre-Service Teachers through Service Learning Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ackerman, Beth; Parker, Karen; Parker, Leonard

    2010-01-01

    This article gives an overview of service learning as it relates to the integration of faith and learning for a pre-service teacher candidate. A survey was given to pre-service, education candidates who were completing a service-learning project in a local Christian school. Results from the survey indicate that all major elements of service…

  18. Exploring How Project Work Enhances Student Teachers' Understanding of Children with Special Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donegan, Mary; Hong, Seong Bock; Trepanier-Street, Mary; Finkelstein, Caryn

    2005-01-01

    In this year-long qualitative study we found that most early childhood student teachers involved children with special needs in project work and realized its benefits. The factors that promoted children's involvement were familiarity and interest in the topic, comfort with the size and composition of the small group, and the use of open-ended,…

  19. Proficiency testing and other interactive measures to enhance analytical quality in soil and plant laboratories

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George E. Rayment; Robert O. Miller; Eman Sulaeman

    2000-01-01

    Clients are increasingly seeking enhanced accuracy and precision from soil and plant testing laboratories. Commitment to good laboratory practice is essential, but gains in analytical quality often depend upon inputs from peers through collaborative networks, proficiency programs and laboratory accreditation. Examples of laboratory networks are given, while proficiency programs receive attention with respect to scope, frequency and the statistical assessment

  20. Enhancing the Quality of Tutorials through Peer-Connected Tutor Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calma, Angelito; Eggins, Mark

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates how a peer-connected tutor training program can lead to quality enhancement by helping tutors to develop more effective teaching strategies and promoting better learning approaches among business students. It uses 2007-2010 evaluation data from 343 program participants from accounting, economics, finance and management and…

  1. Pilot of a Learning Management System to Enhance Counselors' Relational Qualities through Mindfulness-Based Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ballinger, Julie Ann

    2013-01-01

    Mindfulness-based practices are associated with increased attentional qualities, improved self-focus styles, enhanced empathic understanding, and strengthened self-compassion, making these practices a viable addition to counselor training programs. However, current mindfulness training models are primarily designed for relief of psychological…

  2. High quality plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposited silicon nitride films

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tina J. Cotler; J. Chapple-Sokol

    1993-01-01

    The qualities of plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposited (PECVD) silicon nitride films can be improved by increasing the deposition temperature. This report compares PECVD silicon nitride films to low pressure chemical vapor deposited (LPCVD) films. The dependence of the film properties on process parameters, specifically power and temperature, are investigated. The stress is shown to shift from tensile to compressive with

  3. The use of electromagnetic body forces to enhance the quality of laser welds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guenter Ambrosy; P. Berger; H. Hügel; D. Lindenau

    2003-01-01

    The use of electromagnetic body forces in laser beam welding of aluminum alloys is a new method to shape the geometry and to enhance the quality of the weld seams. In this new approach, electromagnetic volume forces are utilized by applying magnetic fields and electric currents of various origins. Acting in the liquid metal, they directly affect the flow field

  4. Enhancing recruitment and data quality in a junior high school-based teen pregnancy prevention study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sigrid Aarons; Allison Rose; June Walker; Beverly Lyles; Renee Jenkins; Tina Raine

    2001-01-01

    This paper describes the methods used to maximize participation and enhance data quality in conducting a randomized, controlled evaluation of an adolescent pregnancy prevention program targeting 7th graders in six Washington, DC public junior high schools. The goal was to successfully recruit and maintain the schools’ and students’ participation despite administrative staff changes and school closings, truancy and absenteeism, parental

  5. PROCESS MODELING IN RESIN TRANSFER MOLDING AS A METHOD TO ENHANCE PRODUCT QUALITY

    E-print Network

    New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

    PROCESS MODELING IN RESIN TRANSFER MOLDING AS A METHOD TO ENHANCE PRODUCT QUALITY W.K. Chui, 1 J. resin transfer molding (RTM), composite materials, mathematical modeling, porous media flow AMS subject processes used to manufacture composite materials, Resin Transfer Molding (RTM) is attractive for many

  6. Quality of Provider-Participant Relationships and Enhancement of Adolescent Social Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sale, Elizabeth; Bellamy, Nikki; Springer, J. Fred; Wang, Min Qi

    2008-01-01

    This study adds to the limited research on the potential importance of the quality of the relationship between adult prevention service providers and youth participants in enhancing social skills and strengthening prevention outcomes. Study subjects were drawn from seven prevention programs funded under a Youth Mentoring Initiative by the Center…

  7. COMPUTER PROGRAM DOCUMENTATION FOR THE ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL QUAL2E

    EPA Science Inventory

    Presented in the manual are recent modifications and improvements to the widely used stream water quality model QUAL-II. Called QUAL2E, the enhanced model incorporates improvements in eight areas: (1) algal, nitrogen, phosphorus, and dissolved oxygen interactions; (2) algal growt...

  8. Time-Out on Timing: The Relationship between the Timing of Teacher Hires and Teacher Quality. Working Paper 2009-04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel, Mimi

    2009-01-01

    Interest in understanding how principals and school districts hire teachers has increased as empirical evidence on teacher effectiveness has grown. Case studies suggest late hiring timelines are pervasive in large urban school districts and result in the loss of more qualified teachers to surrounding suburbs. This paper uses labor market fixed…

  9. Essays on Teacher Mobility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Jeremy A.

    2012-01-01

    The allocation of quality teachers across schools is of interest because of both the importance and costliness of teachers as inputs in the education production process. Furthermore, because teachers have preferences over their workplace characteristics, this allocation across schools is nonrandom. This research examines teacher mobility within…

  10. Implementing Teacher Work Sampling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinne, Lenore J.; Watson, Dwight C.

    2005-01-01

    This article describes how the teacher work sample methodology of the Renaissance Partnership for Improving Teacher Quality was implemented within the teacher education program at a small liberal arts college. Resulting program improvements are described, as well as on-going challenges. The adapted teacher work sample prompt and scoring rubric are…

  11. Teacher Recruitment and Retention: An Essential Step in the Development of a System of Quality Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaytan, Jorge

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the (a) perceptions held by high school business education department chairpersons regarding the characteristics of individuals entering and remaining in the teaching profession and (b) characteristics of schools that have been successful in recruiting and retaining business education teachers. The findings…

  12. Therapeutic Massage Impacts Quality of Life for University Female Faculty in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandstrom, Clarine

    2009-01-01

    Stress is a part of everyone's life. Depending on the level of stress, it may affect people's health and lives. Stress in the workplace may come from many different sources, however for the purpose of this study, the focus was on female faculty working in a Teacher Education program at a small north central, North Dakota university. Stress is…

  13. Women, the labor market, and the declining relative quality of teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sean P. Corcoran; William N. Evans; Robert M. Schwab

    2004-01-01

    School officials and policymakers have grown increasingly concerned about their ability to attract and retain talented teachers. A number of authors have shown that in recent years the brightest students-at least those with the highest verbal and math scores on standardized tests-are less likely to enter teaching. In addition, it is frequently claimed that the ability of schools to attract

  14. Troops to Teachers as School Administrators: A National Study of Principal Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owings, William A.; Kaplan, Leslie S.; Chappell, Shanan

    2011-01-01

    The United States has a scarcity of capable principals ready to successfully lead schools in an era of outcome-based accountability. This is especially true in high-poverty, high-minority schools. Policy makers welcome opening the principal pipeline to untraditional leaders. Research finds that teachers who have entered education through Troops to…

  15. The Impact of Competing Definitions of Quality on the Geographical Distribution of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Daniel S.

    2010-01-01

    According to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, states are required "...to ensure that poor and minority children are not taught at higher rates than other children by inexperienced, unqualified, or out-of-field teachers..." Although the NCLB law and State Education Agencies (SEAs) currently offer very clear definitions of "highly-qualified"…

  16. An Urban Schools-University Partnership that Prepares and Retains Quality Teachers for "High Need" Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helfeldt, John P.; Capraro, Robert M.; Capraro, Mary Margaret; Foster, Elizabeth; Carter, Norvella

    2009-01-01

    This article describes a full-time teaching internship program, where, in lieu of student teaching, interns serve as classroom teachers in urban area schools. Through a partnership between a university and participating school districts, all interns received intensive mentoring and induction during their first year. Among the program results, were…

  17. Inspecting the Inspectors: Race Equality and Quality in Initial Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Equalities legislation in Britain has in recent years shifted towards requiring public bodies to proactively promote equality rather than simply prevent discrimination. This paper reports on a study of how this requirement, with specific reference to race equality, is enacted in the regulation and inspection of initial teacher education (ITE) in…

  18. Quality Versus Convenience: Comparison of Modern Dictionaries from the Researcher's, Teacher's, and Learner's Points of View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koren, Shira

    1997-01-01

    Compares advantages and disadvantages of most types of modern dictionaries from teachers' and researchers' as well as students' points of view. Shows that if clear distinctions are made between learning, test-taking, reading for pleasure, or extensive reading, each type dictionary can be used by itself or in combination with another dictionary,…

  19. Supporting Teachers and Technicians in the Delivery of High-Quality, Effective Practical Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langley, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Science is at heart a practical subject, but the perception of what makes good teaching and learning through practical science is often misunderstood. Through working with teachers on professional development courses at the UK's National Science Learning Centre, and drawing on work carried out by other organisations, we present some thoughts…

  20. Teacher-Child Relationship Quality and Academic Achievement in Elementary School: Does Gender Matter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Meghan P.; O'Connor, Erin E.

    2015-01-01

    Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,364) and 2-level hierarchical linear models with site fixed effects, we examined between- and within-child associations between teacher-child relationship closeness and conflict and standardized measures of children's…

  1. Teacher Value Added as a Measure of Program Quality: Interpret with Caution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floden, Robert E.

    2012-01-01

    Many states now possess the data and statistical methods that can produce teacher value-added scores and link them to preparation programs. It is important to understand the limitations of these measures and the inferences that they do and do not support. These limitations fall into three categories. First, value-added measures (VAM) provide…

  2. Finding Exemplary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Donovan, Eamonn

    2010-01-01

    Teacher quality is the most crucial component in promoting student learning. For all the controversy about No Child Left Behind, one underlying emphasis of the federal law that is irrefutable is the importance placed on teacher quality. Therefore, a school organization committed to excellence must recruit and select outstanding teachers. The Obama…

  3. Enhancing Teachers' Technological Knowledge and Assessment Practices to Enhance Student Learning in Technology: A Two-year Classroom Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judy Moreland; Alister Jones; Ann Northover

    2001-01-01

    This paper reports on a two-year classroom investigation of primary school (Years 1–8) technology education. The first year of the project explored emerging classroom practices in technology. In the second year intervention strategies were developed to enhance teaching, learning and assessment practices. Findings from the first year revealed that assessment was often seen in terms of social and managerial aspects,

  4. Conditions for Student Teacher Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    The rapidly changing nature of Europe and of education and culture that includes conditions for student teacher professional development is generated by the democracy transition from opportunity to choose towards qualities and purposes in the context of cultural and educational globalization. Conditions of contribution applied to enhance student…

  5. Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study: Teacher and Student Resources (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    These educational resources enable students to learn about the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (HBES), a long-term ecological research project dedicated to the study of forest and stream ecosystems. The student section provides a virtual introduction and tour, a glossary, information on new research on acid rain and watersheds, and information about HBES scientists. The teacher's page provides access to classroom activties and handouts designed to accompany the student introduction and tour. There is also a teacher's manual with activities that introduce students to the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program, teach basic ecological principles and inquiry skills, and make students aware of the value of long-term research as a basis for conservation management and regional planning decisions.

  6. Enhancing Higher Order Thinking Skills Among Inservice Science Teachers Via Embedded Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Miri Barak; Yehudit Judy Dori

    2009-01-01

    Testing students on higher order thinking skills may reinforce these skills among them. To research this assertion, we developed\\u000a a graduate course for inservice science teachers in a framework of a “Journal Club”—a hybrid course which combines face-to-face\\u000a classroom discussions with online activities, interrelating teaching, learning, and assessment. The course involves graduate\\u000a students in critical evaluation of science education articles

  7. Principals’ Instructional Leadership Within a Teacher Performance Appraisal System: Enhancing Students’ Academic Success

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha N. Ovando; Alfredo Ramirez Jr

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify principals’ instructional leadership actions within a comprehensive teacher evaluation\\u000a system in successful schools rated as recognized or exemplary by the accountability measures in place. The study followed\\u000a a multiple case study approach. Participants included six school administrators within the same school district. From these\\u000a three were principals and three assistant principals, representing

  8. Using an Interdisciplinary Approach to Enhance Climate Literacy for K-12 Teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanselman, J. A.; Oches, E. A.; Sliko, J.; Wright, L.

    2014-12-01

    The Next Generation Science Standards (2014) will begin to change how K-12 teachers teach science. Using a scaffolding approach, the standards focus on a depth of knowledge across multiple content areas. This philosophy should encourage inquiry-based teaching methods, provided the teacher has both the knowledge and the confidence to teach the content. Although confidence to teach science is high among secondary science (biology, general science, chemistry) teachers, depth of knowledge may be lacking in certain areas, including climate science. To address this issue, a graduate course in climate science (Massachusetts Colleges Online Course of Distinction award winner) was developed to include inquiry-based instruction, connections to current research, and interdisciplinary approaches to teaching science. With the support of the InTeGrate program (SERC) at Carleton College, a module was developed to utilize cli-fi (climate science present in fictional literature) and related climate data. Graduate students gain an appreciation of scientific communication and an understanding of climate data and its connection to societal issues. In addition, the graduate students also gain the ability to connect interdisciplinary concepts for a deeper understanding of climate science and have the opportunity. By the end of the course, the graduate students use the content learned and the examples of pedagogical tools to develop their own activities in his or her classroom.

  9. Overview of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI)

    PubMed Central

    McQueen, Lynn; Mittman, Brian S.; Demakis, John G.

    2004-01-01

    The U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA)'s Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) is an innovative integration of health services research, policy, and clinical care delivery designed to improve the quality, outcomes, and efficiency of VHA health care through the identification and implementation of evidence-based practices in routine care settings. A total of eight condition-specific QUERI centers are currently in operation, each pursuing an integrated portfolio of activities designed to identify and correct gaps in clinical quality and performance and to derive generalizable scientific knowledge regarding quality improvement processes and methods and their effectiveness. This overview article describes QUERI's mission, history, structure, and activities and provides a brief summary of key findings and impacts. PMID:15187071

  10. The Journey of an Education Service Center into the Development of an Effective Substitute Teacher Training Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen M. Gentry

    ducation Service Center (ESC) Region 12 in Waco, Texas trained its first substitutes in the summer of 2003. This program began based on the belief that training quality substitute teachers will enhance student achievement. The ESC vision statement is, \\

  11. 34 CFR 611.12 - What additional selection criteria are used for an application proposing teacher recruitment...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM State Grants Program § 611.12 What additional selection criteria are used for an application...

  12. 34 CFR 611.12 - What additional selection criteria are used for an application proposing teacher recruitment...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM State Grants Program § 611.12 What additional selection criteria are used for an application...

  13. Teaching with Technology. NEA Teacher-to-Teacher Books.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC.

    NEA Teacher-to-Teacher Books are designed to promote team building, to enhance collegial leadership, and to give all K-12 teachers ideas and strategies for improving student learning. This book describes the personal odysseys of six teachers who have used technology to transform their teaching. Each story illustrates step-by-step how the teachers

  14. Enhancing network quality using baseband frequency hopping, downlink power control and DTX in a live GSM network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Toftegaard Nielsen; J. Wigard; S. Skjaerris; C. O. Jensen; J. Elling

    1998-01-01

    Baseband frequency hopping in the combination with downlink power control and discontinuous transmission has been investigated as a quality improving feature in a live GSM network. Using the dropped call rate and the frame erasure rate to measure the network quality, the use of frequency hopping proves a powerful network quality enhancement feature. By optimising the frequency plan and the

  15. TEACHER RECOMMENDATION TO THE TEACHER

    E-print Network

    Lathrop, Daniel P.

    TEACHER RECOMMENDATION TO THE TEACHER: Please complete all of the following sections before. __________________________________________________________ Teacher's Name ______________________________ __________________________ Teacher's Telephone Number Teacher's Email Address __________________________________________________________ Teacher's Signature

  16. Designing and Implementing a Case-Based Learning Environment for Enhancing Ill-Structured Problem Solving: Classroom Management Problems for Prospective Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Ikseon; Lee, Kyunghwa

    2009-01-01

    This design-based research study is aimed at two goals: (1) developing a feasible case-based instructional model that could enhance college students' ill-structured problem solving abilities, while (2) implementing the model to improve teacher education students' real-world problem solving abilities to deal with dilemmas faced by practicing…

  17. A Study of Teacher-Mediated Enhancement of Students' Organization of Earth Science Knowledge Using Web Diagrams as a Teaching Device

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, O. Roger; Contino, Julie

    2010-01-01

    Current research indicates that students with enhanced knowledge networks are more effective in learning science content and applying higher order thinking skills in open-ended inquiry learning. This research examined teacher implementation of a novel teaching strategy called "web diagramming," a form of network mapping, in a secondary school…

  18. Teacher Perception of the Alignment of Enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) with the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanfill, Diana L.

    2010-01-01

    This study used the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) standards for staff development as a framework for measuring specific aspects of the enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) educational technology professional development program, as perceived by eMINTS teachers. The Technology Integration Cycle…

  19. Compulsory Project-Level Involvement and the Use of Program-Level Evaluations: Evaluating the Local Systemic Change for Teacher Enhancement Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Kelli; Weiss, Iris R.

    2011-01-01

    In 1995, the National Science Foundation (NSF) contracted with principal investigator Iris Weiss and an evaluation team at Horizon Research, Inc. (HRI) to conduct a national evaluation of the Local Systemic Change for Teacher Enhancement program (LSC). HRI conducted the core evaluation under a $6.25 million contract with NSF. This program…

  20. A Capabilities Perspective on Education Quality: Implications for Foundation Phase Teacher Education Programme Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baxen, Jean; Nsubuga, Yvonne; Botha, Liz Johanson

    2014-01-01

    While governments and communities across the globe are faced with the challenge of providing their citizens with good-quality education, there is lack of consensus on how education quality should be defined. Whereas a great deal has been written about the human capital and human rights approaches, which currently dominate the debate, the potential…

  1. An Introduction to School Leadership for Quality Global Learning in Initial Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serf, Jeff; Sinclair, Scott; Wooldridge, Julie

    2009-01-01

    This article introduces a project, School Leadership for Quality Global Learning, which focuses on the relationship between leadership at different levels within educational institutions and quality global learning. The article outlines briefly the changing societal context within which education is operating currently before exploring key ideas,…

  2. "Cap-and-Catch" Purification for Enhancing the Quality of Libraries of DNA Conjugates.

    PubMed

    Franzini, Raphael M; Biendl, Stefan; Mikutis, Gediminas; Samain, Florent; Scheuermann, Jörg; Neri, Dario

    2015-07-13

    The potential of DNA-encoded combinatorial libraries (DECLs) as tools for hit discovery crucially relies on the availability of methods for their synthesis at acceptable purity and quality. Incomplete reactions in the presence of DNA can noticeably affect the purity of DECLs and methods to selectively remove unreacted oligonucleotide-based starting products would likely enhance the quality of DECL screening results. We describe an approach to selectively remove unreacted oligonucleotide starting products from reaction mixtures and demonstrate its applicability in the context of acylation of amino-modified DNA. Following an amide bond forming reaction, we treat unreacted amino-modified DNAs with biotinylating reagents and isolate the corresponding biotinylated oligonucleotides from the reaction mixture by affinity capture on streptavidin-coated sepharose. This approach, which yields the desired DNA-conjugate at enhanced purity, can be applied both to reactions performed in solution and to procedures in which DNA is immobilized on an anion exchange solid support. PMID:26083096

  3. Rural science teachers and national conventions: A missing opportunity for professional development and educational enhancement?

    SciTech Connect

    Sode, J.R. [North Dakota State Univ., Fargo, ND (United States)

    1994-12-31

    Rural educators experience unique difficulties in attending national conventions. A program developed at North Dakota State University (NDSU) encourages rural participation. Program goals, participation levels and benefits are examined. On the basis of program evaluations and 1994 program participation levels, the NDSU program appears to stimulate the personal and professional development of elementary and secondary science teachers. Participants were asked to respond to a Likert scale survey instrument with a maximum positive value of 5.0. Survey respondents indicated that elementary and secondary students would benefit (5.0) and that their professional skills had improved (4.7). Respondents also indicated that the 1993 NSTA (National Science Teachers Association) Convention was a positive experience (5.0). Survey respondents also indicated that this program served a group of educators who were not attending national conventions. Demographic data analysis revealed that nineteen of twenty-five persons responding claimed to have never attended a national convention before. The data analysis also revealed that nineteen of nineteen respondents indicated that the NDSU program enabled them to attend the 1993 NSTA National Convention.

  4. GIS-Based Probabilistic Approach for Assessing and Enhancing Infrastructure Data Quality

    E-print Network

    Saliminejad, Siamak 1983-

    2012-11-26

    GIS-BASED PROBABILISTIC APPROACH FOR ASSESSING AND ENHANCING INFRASTRUCTURE DATA QUALITY A Dissertation by SIAMAK SALIMINEJAD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Engineering Copyright 2012 Siamak Saliminejad ii ABSTRACT The task of preserving and improving infrastructure systems is becoming extremely challenging because these systems are decaying due to aging and over utilization, have limited funding...

  5. Power quality enhancement of renewable energy source power network using SMES system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. R. Seo; A. R. Kim; I. K. Yu

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with power quality enhancement of renewable energy source power network using SMES system and describes the operation characteristics of HTS SMES system using real-toroidal-type SMES coil for smoothening the fluctuation of large-scale renewable energy source such as photovoltaic (PV) power generation system. It generates maximum power of PV array under various weather conditions. SMES unit charges and

  6. Enhancing pork loin quality attributes through genotype, chilling method and ageing time

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manuel Juárez; William R. Caine; Ivy L. Larsen; Wayne M. Robertson; Mike E. R. Dugan; Jennifer L. Aalhus

    2009-01-01

    The experiment was conducted to examine opportunities for enhancing pork quality through the use of post-mortem ageing when combined with different chilling regimes. Large White (LW, n=24) and Duroc×Large White (Duroc, n=24) barrows were slaughtered and alternate carcass sides were either conventionally or blast-chilled. The longissimus thoracis et lumborum muscle was dissected from the carcass sides (24h post-mortem) and trimmed

  7. The Quality of Teachers' Interactive Conversations with Preschool Children from Low-Income Families during Small-Group and Large-Group Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jennifer J.; de Groot Kim, Sonja

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the quality of preschool teachers' interactive conversations with three- and four-year-olds in two Head Start classrooms serving children from low-income families in the United States. Over a period of 20?weeks, 10 bi-weekly observations of conversations (totaling 15?h per classroom) were conducted in one small-group (Play…

  8. A Goal Orientation Analysis of Teachers' Motivations to Participate in the School Self-Assessment Processes of a Quality Assurance System in Chile

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montecinos, Carmen; Madrid, Romina; Fernández, María Beatriz; Ahumada, Luis

    2014-01-01

    The current study examined the goal orientations that could be inferred from how teachers from six municipal schools in Chile described their understandings, emotions, and behaviors during their participation in the assessment phase of the School Management Quality Assurance System. Content analysis of focus group interview transcripts evidenced…

  9. Quality enhancement in e-learning activities: improvements by mean of a newly engineered e-learning survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. CAMPANELLA; G. DIMAURO; A. FERRANTE; D. IMPEDOVO; S. IMPEDOVO; M. G. LUCCHESE; R. MODUGNO; G. PIRLO; L. SARCINELLA; E. STASOLLA; C. A. TRULLO

    2008-01-01

    http:\\/\\/www.retepuglia.uniba.it\\/Impedovo\\/index.htm Abstract: - This paper deals with quality enhancement of e-learning activities through the satisfaction analysis expressed by university learners while using specific learning modules. The paper considers a newly engineered survey that evaluates not only quality in use but also quality in learning and learner involvement. The quality of the interface, the friendliness of the contents, the accessibility of

  10. Web-Enhanced Instruction and Learning: Findings of a Short- and Long-Term Impact Study and Teacher Use of NASA Web Resources

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McCarthy, Marianne C.; Grabowski, Barbara L.; Koszalka, Tiffany

    2003-01-01

    Over a three-year period, researchers and educators from the Pennsylvania State University (PSU), University Park, Pennsylvania, and the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC), Edwards, California, worked together to analyze, develop, implement and evaluate materials and tools that enable teachers to use NASA Web resources effectively for teaching science, mathematics, technology and geography. Two conference publications and one technical paper have already been published as part of this educational research series on Web-based instruction and learning. This technical paper, Web-Enhanced Instruction and Learning: Findings of a Short- and Long-Term Impact Study, is the culminating report in this educational research series and is based on the final report submitted to NASA. This report describes the broad spectrum of data gathered from teachers about their experiences using NASA Web resources in the classroom. It also describes participating teachers responses and feedback about the use of the NASA Web-Enhanced Learning Environment Strategies reflection tool on their teaching practices. The reflection tool was designed to help teachers merge the vast array of NASA resources with the best teaching methods, taking into consideration grade levels, subject areas and teaching preferences. The teachers described their attitudes toward technology and innovation in the classroom and their experiences and perceptions as they attempted to integrate Web resources into science, mathematics, technology and geography instruction.

  11. Teacher Migration Impact: A Review in the Context of Quality Education Provision and Teacher Training in Higher Education in Southern Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, B.

    2008-01-01

    Teacher mobility has become a common feature of the cross-border flows and transnational networks that constitute globalisation. International and intraregional migration of teachers is an important factor in education provision and management in countries in the Southern Africa region, for example Botswana and South Africa. In an increasingly…

  12. Enhancing Diversity In The Geosciences; Intensive Field Experience In USA And Mexico For Middle And High School Teachers Serving Large Hispanic Populations.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leal-Bautista, R. M.; Kitts, K. B.; Velazquez Oliman, G.; Perry, E. C.

    2008-12-01

    To encourage Hispanic participation and enrolment in the geosciences and ultimately enhance diversity within the discipline, we recruited ten middle and high school science teachers serving large Hispanic populations (60-97%) for a paid three-week field experience supported by an NSF Opportunities for Enhancing Diversity in the Geosciences grant. In 2006, the field experiences focused on volcanic events and the water problems of the Central part of Mexico. In 2008, the field experiences focused on karstic and hydrogeological conditions of the Yucatan Peninsula. In addition to the geological aspects of the fieldwork experience, the trip to Mexico exposed the teachers to a social environment outside of their community where they interacted with a diverse group of scientists from the Universidad National Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Centro de Investigacion Cientifica de Yucatan (CICY) and Centro Nacional de Desastres (CENAPRED). A key part of this project was the encounter between American and Mexican teachers that included a day of presentations, panel discussion and some class-room activities. Direct interaction between the cooperating teachers and the American and Mexican geoscientists provided actual scientific research experiences to educate and to help dispel misconceptions the teachers themselves may have had about who geoscientists really are and what they do. Teachers of the 2006 group produced educational materials from their field experiences and presented these materials at professional conferences. We measured the efficacy of these activities quantitatively via pre- and post-tests assessing confidence levels, preconceptions and biases, NIU staff observations of participants in their home institutions, and evaluations of participants' field books and pedagogical materials. We present these data here and identify specific activities that are both effective and efficient in changing teacher behaviours and attitudes enabling them to better connect with their Hispanic students in their Geoscience classrooms. Post experience activities of the 2008 group will build on these results.

  13. Leadership for Professional Development and Learning: Enhancing Our Understanding of How Teachers Develop

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Linda

    2014-01-01

    The educational research community has made great strides in clarifying and enhancing our understanding of professional development and how it occurs. Yet in relation to one question--How do people develop professionally?--this knowledge base falls short, for while much research has been directed at addressing the question, findings have tended to…

  14. Students and Teachers' Perceptions on Technology-Enhanced Turkish Language Learning Environment in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine learners' and instructors' perceptions about technology-enhanced learning environment. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. A Likert-scale survey was developed and administered to 48 Turkish language learners in various language courses in Istanbul to investigate their…

  15. A Formative Experiment to Enhance Teacher-Child Language Interactions in a Preschool Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Barbara A.; Reinking, David

    2011-01-01

    A formative experiment investigated how two strategies aimed at increasing the quality and quantity of language interactions could be integrated into a preschool classroom. Strategies for enriching language interactions were introduced during book sharing, semi-structured group activities, and mealtimes. Mixed methods revealed factors that…

  16. Enhancing In-Service Teachers' Professional Learning through a School-Based Professional Development Programme in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bai, Barry

    2014-01-01

    Writing is a complex skill that requires effective teaching practices in the classroom. One of the challenges English teachers in the English as a second language (L2) context face is the lack of teacher experience in teaching English writing. This brief paper reports on a small-scale study on helping Hong Kong in-service primary school teachers

  17. Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of Using Video Games to Enhance Science Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marino, Matthew T.; Israel, Maya; Beecher, Constance C.; Basham, James D.

    2012-10-01

    Science education video game research points toward promising, but inconclusive results in both student learning outcomes and attitudes. However, student-level variables other than gender have been largely absent from this research. This study examined how students' reading ability level and disability status are related to their video game-playing behaviors outside of school and their perceptions about the use of science video games during school. Thirty-four teachers and 876 sixth- through ninth-grade students from 14 states participated in the study. All student groups reported that they would prefer to learn science from a video game rather than from traditional text, laboratory-based, or Internet environments. Chi-square analyses indicated a significant association between reading ability level, disability status, and key areas of interest including students' use of video games outside of school, their perceptions of their scientific abilities, and whether they would pursue a career in the sciences. Implications of these findings and areas for future research are identified.

  18. Measuring the Quality of Teacher–Child Interactions in Toddler Child Care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy C. Thomason; Karen M. La Paro

    2009-01-01

    Research Findings: The toddler stage is a unique developmental period of early childhood. During this stage, children are developing autonomy, self-regulation, and language capabilities through interactions with significant adults in their lives. Increasing numbers of toddlers are being enrolled in child care. This article focuses on the need to assess quality in child care classrooms serving children ages 15 to

  19. Building-related health symptoms and classroom indoor air quality: a survey of school teachers in New York State.

    PubMed

    Kielb, C; Lin, S; Muscatiello, N; Hord, W; Rogers-Harrington, J; Healy, J

    2015-08-01

    Most previous research on indoor environments and health has studied school children or occupants in non-school settings. This investigation assessed building-related health symptoms and classroom characteristics via telephone survey of New York State school teachers. Participants were asked about 14 building-related symptoms and 23 classroom characteristics potentially related to poor indoor air quality (IAQ). Poisson regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between these symptoms and each classroom characteristic, controlling for potential confounders. About 500 teachers completed the survey. The most frequently reported classroom characteristics included open shelving (70.7%), food eaten in class (65.5%), dust (59.1%), and carpeting (46.9%). The most commonly reported symptoms included sinus problems (16.8%), headache (15.0%), allergies/congestion (14.8%), and throat irritation (14.6%). Experiencing one or more symptoms was associated most strongly with reported dust (relative risk (RR) = 3.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.62-5.13), dust reservoirs (RR = 2.13; 95% CI: 1.72-2.65), paint odors (RR = 1.73; 95% CI: 1.40-2.13), mold (RR = 1.71; 95% CI: 1.39-2.11), and moldy odors (RR = 1.65 95% CI: 1.30-2.10). Stronger associations were found with increasing numbers of reported IAQ-related classroom characteristics. Similar results were found with having any building-related allergic/respiratory symptom. This research adds to the body of evidence underscoring the importance to occupant health of school IAQ. PMID:25196499

  20. Validation of a Paper-and-Pencil Test Instrument Measuring Biology Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge by Using Think-Aloud

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jüttner, Melanie; Neuhaus, Birgit Jana

    2013-01-01

    The topic of "teacher professionalism" is one of the most crucial ones in quality education research. It has a potential to generate results that could inform and hence enhance the practice in classrooms. Thus, research in this field needs reliable instruments to measure the professional knowledge of our teachers to be able to generate…