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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...percent of academic classroom teachers overall (across all academic...that serves a school whose attrition rate among classroom teachers was 15 percent or more...

2011-07-01

2

34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...percent of academic classroom teachers overall (across all academic...that serves a school whose attrition rate among classroom teachers was 15 percent or more...

2009-07-01

3

34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...percent of academic classroom teachers overall (across all academic...that serves a school whose attrition rate among classroom teachers was 15 percent or more...

2010-07-01

4

34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...percent of academic classroom teachers overall (across all academic...that serves a school whose attrition rate among classroom teachers was 15 percent or more...

2012-07-01

5

34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...percent of academic classroom teachers overall (across all academic...that serves a school whose attrition rate among classroom teachers was 15 percent or more...

2008-07-01

6

Professional Development: It's Union Work. Profiles of How AFT Unions Enhance Teacher Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes the work of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT), presenting profiles that describe major professional development opportunities to enhance teacher quality created by the AFT and its affiliates: the Educational Research and Dissemination Program (which links teachers to the research they need); the Beginning Teacher

American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC.

7

34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application? 611.2 Section...QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions § 611...Quality Enhancement Grants Program application? (a...and the evidence by which success in achieving these...

2013-07-01

8

Teacher Quality: Sustained Coordination among Key Federal Education Programs Could Enhance State Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Policymakers and researchers have focused on improving the quality of our nation's 3 million teachers to raise the achievement of students in key academic areas, such as reading and mathematics. Given the importance of teacher quality to student achieveme...

2009-01-01

9

34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 611.1 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions § 611.1 What...

2013-07-01

10

34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 611.2 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions § 611.2 What...

2010-07-01

11

34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 611.2 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM General Provisions § 611.2 What...

2009-07-01

12

Enhancing Quality of Student Teachers' Practices through Reflective Journal Writing during School Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the role of journal writing in enhancing student teachers' learning during school practice. It analyses data from 22 student teachers' journals and 23 questionnaires. The study focuses on the areas that student teachers reflected on most, the nature of their reflection and the extent to which previous experiences informed their…

Ezati, Betty Akullu; Ocheng, Mary K.; Ssentamu, Proscovia N.; Sikoyo, Leah N.

2010-01-01

13

Enhancing Quality of Student Teachers' Practices through Reflective Journal Writing during School Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the role of journal writing in enhancing student teachers' learning during school practice. It analyses data from 22 student teachers' journals and 23 questionnaires. The study focuses on the areas that student teachers reflected on most, the nature of their reflection and the extent to which previous experiences informed…

Ezati, Betty Akullu; Ocheng, Mary K.; Ssentamu, Proscovia N.; Sikoyo, Leah N.

2010-01-01

14

A Project to Enhance Superintendents' Knowledge and Application of Characteristics of High Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes a problem based learning project focusing on superintendents' knowledge of the characteristics of high quality teachers. Current research findings offer evidence teacher quality is an important school variable related to student achievement. School district leaders are faced with the problem of identifying the…

Pummill, Bret L.; Edson, Jerry C.; Loftin, Michelle M.; Robinson, Matthew A.

2011-01-01

15

Beyond ABCs and 123s: Enhancing Teacher–Child Relationship Quality to Promote Children's Behavioral Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from a study of 100 Head Start children and their teachers suggested that teacher–child relationship quality was associated with children's classroom behaviors. Specifically, teacher–child conflict was strongly related to children's externalizing behaviors. Based on these findings, we present recommendations for the development of policies and practices designed to prevent Head Start children's challenging behaviors and promote their social-emotional competence

Jessica E. Vick Whittaker; Brenda Jones Harden

2010-01-01

16

The Market for Teacher Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of education policy focuses on improving teacher quality, but most policies lack strong research support. We use student achievement gains to estimate teacher value-added, our measure of teacher quality. The analysis reveals substantial variation in the quality of instruction, most of which occurs within rather than between schools. Although teacher quality appears to be unrelated to advanced degrees or

Eric A. Hanushek; John F. Kain; Daniel M. O'Brien; Steven G. Rivkin

2005-01-01

17

Physics Teacher Quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics Teacher Quality at Angelo State University (ASU) and Education Service Center Region XV is funded through a US Department of Education grant. In this program secondary science teachers from local and rural districts within Region XV learn and practice physics and principles of technology concepts emphasized in the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), improve practice of 5E model of guided inquiry, and complete activity-based laboratories and field investigations. Investigations include field and laboratory safety, environmental responsibility, ethical practices, application of scientific methods to open-ended problems encountered in the physical sciences, and critical thinking and problem solving. Teachers are assessed through pre- and post- testing, lab practicum, and classroom observation over a two-year cycle. Assessment data from 2004 through 2008 indicates Physics Teacher Quality is changing teaching behavior in the secondary classroom.

Wallace, Andrew; Bixler, David

2010-03-01

18

The Politics of Teacher Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents research on both sides of policy debate over whether traditional teacher preparation positively affects student achievement. Also presents mixed research findings linking teacher certification with teacher quality. (Contains 39 references.) (PKP)|

Kaplan, Leslie S.; Owings, William A.

2003-01-01

19

Distinctive qualities of expert teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to identify the distinctive qualities of successful veteran teachers, referred to as “expert teachers”, which separates them not only from novice teachers but more importantly from experienced non?expert teachers. Based on earlier case studies, this paper maintains that the critical differences between expert and non?expert teachers are manifested in three dimensions: their ability to integrate aspects of

Amy B. M. Tsui

2009-01-01

20

Distinctive Qualities of Expert Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper attempts to identify the distinctive qualities of successful veteran teachers, referred to as "expert teachers", which separates them not only from novice teachers but more importantly from experienced non-expert teachers. Based on earlier case studies, this paper maintains that the critical differences between expert and non-expert…

Tsui, Amy B. M.

2009-01-01

21

Quality requirements for teacher educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study deals with the quality requirements that are needed for teacher educators. The tasks teacher educators have to do and the competencies they should possess (a professional profile), according to their fellow teacher educators, were identified. On the basis of a literature search on tasks and competencies of teacher educators, we made a first overview of tasks and competencies.

Bob Koster; Mieke Brekelmans; Fred Korthagen; Theo Wubbels

2005-01-01

22

Quality in initial teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a critique of the assumptions underlying the Teacher Training Agency (TTA) strategy of defining quality centrally and imposing its view through a power-coercive change process. An alternative view of effective teacher education is developed, based on the contention that high quality courses result from the thinking and commitment of teacher education professionals, working with their colleagues in schools, in

David Blake; Jenny Lansdell

2000-01-01

23

Technology Enhanced Teacher Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research and development study was to design and develop an affordable, computer-based, pre-service teacher assessment and reporting system to allow teacher education institutions and supervising teachers to efficiently enter evaluation criteria, record pre-service teacher evaluations, and generate evaluation reports. The…

Teter, Richard B.

2010-01-01

24

Teacher Quality and Student Inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the extent to which the allocation of teachers within and across public high schools is contributing to inequality in student test score performance. Using ten years of administrative data from North Carolina public high schools, I estimate a flexible education production function in which student achievement reflects student inputs, teacher quality, school quality, and a school-specific scaling

Richard K Mansfield

2012-01-01

25

Where We Stand: Teacher Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first section of this booklet discusses the union role in assuring teacher quality, focusing on the teacher development continuum (preservice preparation, entry level standards, induction programs and the granting of tenure, standards for granting tenure, and continuing professional development) and the union role in assuring quality teaching…

American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC.

26

The Declining Quality of Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concern is often voiced about the declining quality of American schoolteachers. This paper shows that, while the relative quality of teachers is declining, this decline is a result of technical change, which improves the specialized knowledge of skilled workers outside teaching, but not the general knowledge of schoolteachers. This raises the price of skilled teachers, but not their productivity. Schools

Darius Lakdawalla

2001-01-01

27

Teacher quality and attrition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The argument that instructors with marketable skills are likely to exit the teaching profession leads many to believe that public schools are populated by teachers of mediocre talent. Yet, teachers with skills attractive to non-education employment may not be the best individuals in the classroom. A two-stage regression technique first estimates a teacher's impact on their students conditional upon prior

John M. Krieg

2006-01-01

28

Teacher Quality and Teacher Mobility. Working Paper 57  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using matched student-teacher panel data from the state of Florida, the authors study the determinants of teacher job change and the impact of such mobility on the distribution of teacher quality. The probability a teacher stays at a school increases the more productive they are in their current school. The quality of teachers who exit teaching…

Feng, Li; Sass, Tim

2011-01-01

29

Recruiting Quality Teachers in Mathematics, Science, and Special Education for Urban and Rural Schools. TQ Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication offers a sampling of strategies, resources, and tips for educators and policymakers engaged in the recruitment of mathematics, science, and special education teachers--specific to urban and rural schools and districts. These strategies and resources, when implemented effectively, can have a positive and lasting impact on the…

National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

30

Balancing Teacher Quality and Quantity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The world is facing a shortage of trained teachers. According to the 2010 Global Monitoring Report approximately 10.3 million teachers will be needed globally to staff classrooms from Bangkok to Canada. The situation is worse in Sub-Saharan Africa. Estimates suggest that approximately 1.2 million new teachers will be needed in Sub-Saharan Africa alone to achieve universal primary education goals by 2015. Increases in primary school enrollments, drought, and HIV-AIDS have exacerbated the need for well trained teachers. Despite the need, the focus is on balancing quality with quantity. An effective teacher is deemed a critical element, although not the only one, in a student's success in the classroom. This paper focuses on the dilemma of meeting universal primary education goals in Sub-Saharan Africa, while maintaining teacher quality in fragile contexts.

Bond, Helen

31

The Economic Value of Higher Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most analyses of teacher quality end without any assessment of the economic value of altered teacher quality. This paper combines information about teacher effectiveness with the economic impact of higher achievement. It begins with an overview of what is known about the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement. This provides…

Hanushek, Eric A.

2011-01-01

32

Teacher Quality in Canada. SAEE Research Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the impact of teacher quality on student achievement in Canada, analyzing current research, practices, and innovations to provide a better understanding of the complexity of teaching and effective teacher deployment. The nine chapters focus on: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Indicators of Teacher Quality" (defining teacher quality

Phillips, Susan M.

33

Raising the Bar: Ethics Education for Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the 1970s an "ethics boom" has occurred to counter the disappearance of ethics education from tertiary institutions. This "boom" appears to be absent from teacher education programs in Australia and the United States. Given persistent calls to enhance teacher quality this is problematic because quality teaching is inexorably linked to…

Boon, Helen

2011-01-01

34

Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality. ERS Concerns in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High-quality teachers play a significant role in improving student achievement. Compensation is a critical factor in attracting and retaining skilled teachers. This publication addresses the issues of the impact of teacher compensation and the factors that influence it. The book addressees teacher compensation from an economic perspective and…

Goldhaber, Dan D.; Eide, Eric R.

35

Administrator and Teacher Perceptions of the Qualities of Effective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine which qualities of effective teachers K-12 public school administrators and teachers in the United States perceive as having the greatest impact on student achievement. Stronge's (2007) meta-review of the qualities of effective teachers served as the framework for the study. An online survey based on…

Williams, Robert Eugene

2010-01-01

36

Qualities of Influential Literacy Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An online survey of award-winning literacy teachers was conducted to determine the most influential qualities of literacy teacher educators in teacher preparation programs. Sixty-two recipients of literacy awards participated in the study, representing teachers of excellence from all U.S. geographic regions. Using a backward mapping process,…

Wold, Linda S.; Young, Janet R.; Risko, Victoria J.

2011-01-01

37

Indicators of Teacher Quality. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This digest examines research on indicators of teacher quality. While research on the value of a teacher's advanced degree is mixed, all studies suggest that teachers with degrees in subjects different from the subjects they teach have little impact on students. There is no strong consensus about the value of pedagogical preparation for teachers,…

Goldhaber, Dan; Anthony, Emily

38

Retaining quality beginning teachers in the profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite increased success in attracting quality graduates into teacher education and growing support for the induction and mentoring of beginning teachers, it is well established in countries in the Western world that between 25% and 40% of all newly-recruited teachers resign or burnout in their first three to five years of teaching. The recent Review of Teacher Education in New

ROBYN ANN EWING; DAVID LANGLEY SMITH

2003-01-01

39

Qualities of Influential Literacy Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An online survey of award-winning literacy teachers was conducted to determine the most influential qualities of literacy teacher educators in teacher preparation programs. Sixty-two recipients of literacy awards participated in the study, representing teachers of excellence from all U.S. geographic regions. Using a backward mapping process,…

Wold, Linda S.; Young, Janet R.; Risko, Victoria J.

2011-01-01

40

Preparing Quality Teachers: Making Learning Visible  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher quality is recognised as a lynchpin for education reforms internationally, and both Federal and State governments in Australia have turned their attention to teacher education institutions: the starting point for preparing quality teachers. Changes to policy and shifts in expectations impact on Faculties of Education, despite the fact…

McArdle, Felicity

2010-01-01

41

Capacities and Behaviour of Quality Classroom Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focussed on the capacities and behaviours of quality teachers. Four key capacities were identified as being characteristic amongst the five quality teachers who were observed in action which were then related to their behaviour. Prominent amongst the findings was the conclusion that these teachers had high cognitive ability which allowed them to develop critical powers of observation, reflection

Peter Ramsay; Debbie Oliver

1995-01-01

42

Enhancing and sustaining teacher professionalism in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a conceptual framework for fostering teacher professionalism in Government primary schools in Karachi, Pakistan. The framework identifies various stages for enhancing and sustaining teacher professionalism. These stages have been derived from in?depth multiple case studies of four Government primary schools in Karachi where reforms have been occurring. In order to enhance and sustain professionalism among the teachers

Meher Rizvi; Bob Elliott

2007-01-01

43

The Relationship between Teacher Quality and Teacher Attrition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very few research studies exist that examine the relationship between teacher value-added and attrition. Utilizing value-added modeling and binomial logistic regression, this study sought to address this dearth in the literature, asking, what is the relationship between teacher quality and attrition? Are the teachers with high value-added scores staying or leaving a medium-sized school district? Are teachers with high value-added

William Kyle Ingle

2007-01-01

44

Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) offers online, graduate-level science courses from a world-class public research university. NTEN was one of the first online professional development programs for K-12 teachers, and has offered courses si

1900-01-01

45

Developing High-Quality Teachers: Teacher Evaluation for Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As countries aim to ensure high achievement for all students, improving and sustaining the quality of the teacher workforce is a vital policy priority. Several studies have found that well-designed teacher evaluation systems, aligned with professional learning and development, can contribute to improvements in the quality of teaching and raise…

Looney, Janet

2011-01-01

46

QUALITY IN MATHEMATICS TEACHERS TRAINING SYLLABUSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to design instruments to measure the quality of prospective mathematics teachers training plans, within the Spanish context. We conceive the quality of a syllabus as a multidimensional concept that can be articulated by means of dimensions and competences. We consider three dimensions for evaluating the quality of a teacher training syllabus: its relevance, as

L. Rico; F. Gil; P. Gómez

2004-01-01

47

Handbook for Qualities of Effective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book makes it much easier to implement a staff development, teacher education, or self-help program to improve the six research-based teacher qualities that are most apt to raise student achievement. Use the dozens of assessments, observation guides, planning tools, and other resources to: (1) Strengthen teachers' verbal abilities, content…

Stronge, James H.; Tucker, Pamela D.; Hindman, Jennifer L.

2004-01-01

48

Assessing the Quality of Teachers' Teaching Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study assessed the extent to which nine elementary physical education teachers implemented the quality of teaching practices. Thirty physical education lessons taught by the nine teachers to their students in grades K-5 were videotaped. Four investigators coded the taped lessons using the Assessing Quality Teaching Rubric (AQTR) designed and…

Chen, Weiyun; Mason, Stephen; Staniszewski, Christina; Upton, Ashley; Valley, Megan

2012-01-01

49

State Policy Strategies for Improving Teacher Quality. Policy Briefs, Number One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|New state laws and regulations designed to improve teacher quality are described in this policy brief. The new policies represent eight strategies for dealing with teaching quality issues: testing and screening; teacher compensation; preservice training and certification; staff development; enhanced management and supervision; teacher job…

Mitchell, Douglas E.

50

Quality teachers, quality schools: International perspectives and policy implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers are at the heart of educational improvement. Any benefits that accrue to students as a result of educational policies require the enabling action of teachers. It is for this reason that the OECD, through its Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI), recently undertook a comparative study of policies aimed at improving teacher quality. This paper presents the main

David Stern

1996-01-01

51

Wyoming Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Quality: Effects of National Board Certification and Teacher Education Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Policymakers, educators, and researchers all agree that teacher quality is critical to student learning. High quality teachers are needed to meet the unprecedented demands on schools and prepare students to be successful in the 21st century. In order to meet this challenge, ongoing efforts are needed to improve teacher learning and student…

Hellenberg, Jayne

2010-01-01

52

Teacher Quality: Sustained Coordination among Key Federal Education Programs Could Enhance State Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality. Report to the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Higher Education, Lifelong Learning, and Competitiveness, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. GAO-09-593  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers and researchers have focused on improving the quality of our nation's 3 million teachers to raise the achievement of students in key academic areas, such as reading and mathematics. Given the importance of teacher quality to student achievement and the key role federal and state governments play in supporting teacher quality, GAO's…

US Government Accountability Office, 2009

2009-01-01

53

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) based at Montana State University offers graduate-credit science and mathematics courses to teachers nationally. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, NTEN allows educators to participate in the telecomputing courses from home or work through direct Internet access or dial-up modem connections. Courses are taught by university scientists, engineers, and mathematicians. NTEN also enhances professional networking nationwide between science teachers and active research scientists. The site offers telecomputing guides for both students and teachers, and online teaching experiences written by course instructors.

1997-01-01

54

How to Improve the Supply of High-Quality Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtually everybody interested in improving the performance of schools concentrates on the importance of teacher quality. Yet policy recommendations related to teacher quality frequently do not incorporate existing evidence about performance. This paper reviews the various strands of research related to teacher quality including: the role of aggregate salaries, the supply of teachers with different characteristics, the relationship between teacher

Eric Alan Hanushek

2004-01-01

55

Teacher Learning of Technology Enhanced Formative Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the integration of technology enhanced formative assessment (FA) into teachers’ practice. Participants\\u000a were high school physics teachers interested in improving their use of a classroom response system (CRS) to promote FA. Data\\u000a were collected using interviews, direct classroom observations, and collaborative discussions. The physics teachers engaged\\u000a in collaborative action research (AR) to learn how to use FA

Allan Feldman; Brenda M. Capobianco; William J. Leonard; William J. Gerace; Karen St. Cyr; Hyunju Lee; Robby Harris

2008-01-01

56

School Structure, Leadership Quality and Teacher Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between teachers' perceptions of the structural char acteristics of their schools, the leadership quality of their principals, and the extent of the satisfaction they express with their work and their col leagues are examined. The results as displayed by two groups of teachers, one of which attaches a high, and the other a low, degree of importance to

McCrae C. Grassie; Brian W. Carss

1973-01-01

57

Teacher Learning of Technology Enhanced Formative Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the integration of technology enhanced formative assessment (FA) into teachers' practice. Participants were high school physics teachers interested in improving their use of a classroom response system (CRS) to promote FA. Data were collected using interviews, direct classroom observations, and collaborative discussions. The…

Feldman, Allan; Capobianco, Brenda M.

2008-01-01

58

Enhancing and Sustaining Teacher Professionalism in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a conceptual framework for fostering teacher professionalism in Government primary schools in Karachi, Pakistan. The framework identifies various stages for enhancing and sustaining teacher professionalism. These stages have been derived from in-depth multiple case studies of four Government primary schools in Karachi where…

Rizvi, Meher; Elliott, Bob

2007-01-01

59

34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Plans to increase teacher quality. 200.57 ...Education Regulations of the Offices of... Qualifications of Teachers and Paraprofessionals...Plans to increase teacher quality. (a) State...under subpart A of this part...

2010-07-01

60

34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Plans to increase teacher quality. 200.57 ...Education Regulations of the Offices of... Qualifications of Teachers and Paraprofessionals...Plans to increase teacher quality. (a) State...under subpart A of this part...

2009-07-01

61

Teacher quality and student performance: the case of Pennsylvania  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, alternative proxies for teacher quality and student performance were developed for an empirical analysis. Both education-level elasticity of teacher-quality and teaching-years elasticity of teacher-quality were estimated. The analysis showed a positive and significant relationship between teacher quality and student performance.

Tin-Chin Lin

2010-01-01

62

Professional Qualities and Teacher Induction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reintroduction of the probationary year for new teachers in England in 1999, with the setting of Induction Standards for the assessment of their performance, is described in this article as a failure to take seriously the complex nature of professional knowledge and practice, and the professional development needs of new teachers. It is argued that putting the ‘self’ at

Les Tickle

2001-01-01

63

Teacher Learning of Technology Enhanced Formative Assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the integration of technology enhanced formative assessment (FA) into teachers' practice. Participants were high school physics teachers interested in improving their use of a classroom response system (CRS) to promote FA. Data were collected using interviews, direct classroom observations, and collaborative discussions. The physics teachers engaged in collaborative action research (AR) to learn how to use FA and CRS to promote student and teacher learning. Data were analyzed using open coding, cross-case analysis, and content analysis. Results from data analysis allowed researchers to construct a model for knowledge skills necessary for the integration of technology enhanced FA into teachers' practice. The model is as a set of four technologies: hardware and software; methods for constructing FA items; pedagogical methods; and curriculum integration. The model is grounded in the idea that teachers must develop these respective technologies as they interact with the CRS (i.e., hardware and software, item construction) and their existing practice (i.e., pedagogical methods, curriculum). Implications are that for teachers to make FA an integral part of their practice using CRS, they must: 1) engage in the four technologies; 2) understand the nature of FA; and 3) collaborate with other interested teachers through AR.

Feldman, Allan; Capobianco, Brenda M.

2008-02-01

64

Writing Quality Teacher-Made Tests: A Handbook for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to assist both special and regular educators with mastering the skills for developing quality teacher-made tests consistent with content-oriented instruction. The manual presents tips for constructing both objective and subjective, supply and select test questions--namely, short answer, essay, fill in the blanks or…

Williams, Jane M.

65

Why has the number of teachers per student risen while teacher quality has declined?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1970, the number of teachers per student rose while teacher quality apparently eroded. A model of school and voter decisions shows that an increase in the skill price for women may induce schools to hire additional teachers rather than better quality teachers. Estimation results indicate that the price of skill and alternative wage had offsetting effects on the teacher–pupil

Christiana Stoddard

2003-01-01

66

The Economic Value of Higher Teacher Quality. Working Paper 56  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most analyses of teacher quality end without any assessment of the economic value of altered teacher quality. This paper combines information about teacher effectiveness with the economic impact of higher achievement. It begins with an overview of what is known about the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement, which provides…

Hanushek, Eric A.

2010-01-01

67

The Massachusetts Coalition for Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: An Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999 the United States Department of Education provided funding for “teacher quality enhancement grants” that would enable higher education institutions to collaborate with under-resourced urban districts to improve teacher quality. This essay describes contextual information on the origins of the grants and the processes that grant writers from seven colleges and universities and three urban school districts used to

Dennis Shirley

2006-01-01

68

Boundaries and Applications: The Teacher Quality Debate in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher quality debate in America remains an important one. Many feel that teachers are leaving teacher preparation programs without the appropriate knowledge and skills to be effective classroom practitioners. School districts have spent a considerable amount of time and economic resources addressing the teacher quality provisions of No Child…

Hodgman, Matthew R.

2012-01-01

69

Boundaries and Applications: The Teacher Quality Debate in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The teacher quality debate in America remains an important one. Many feel that teachers are leaving teacher preparation programs without the appropriate knowledge and skills to be effective classroom practitioners. School districts have spent a considerable amount of time and economic resources addressing the teacher quality provisions of No…

Hodgman, Matthew R.

2012-01-01

70

Voices of Preservice Teachers on Teacher Quality Components in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research studies on teacher quality have concluded that students exposed to high quality instruction learn more than other students, but the evidence on teacher quality components is mixed. There is a growing concern that the decline in the quality of public school teachers is attributed to their preservice learning. In this research study, the…

Okpala, Comfort O.; Rotich-Tanui, Jerono; Ardley, Jillian

2009-01-01

71

Voices of Preservice Teachers on Teacher Quality Components in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research studies on teacher quality have concluded that students exposed to high quality instruction learn more than other students, but the evidence on teacher quality components is mixed. There is a growing concern that the decline in the quality of public school teachers is attributed to their preservice learning. In this research study, the…

Okpala, Comfort O.; Rotich-Tanui, Jerono; Ardley, Jillian

2009-01-01

72

Teacher Quality and Quality Teaching: Examining the Relationship of a Teacher Assessment to Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multiple-choice assessments are frequently used for gauging teacher quality. However, research seldom examines whether results from such assessments generalize to practice. To illuminate this issue, we compare teacher performance on a mathematics assessment, during mathematics instruction, and by student performance on a state assessment. Poor…

Hill, Heather C.; Umland, Kristin; Litke, Erica; Kapitula, Laura R.

2012-01-01

73

Teacher Quality: From Policy to Practice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The No Child Left Behind act requires schools to have "qualified teachers" in every classroom by the 2005-2006 school year. This mandate has made professional development a priority. This article defines quality professional development, describes the six categories of professional development, and provides examples of outstanding programs.

Tugel, Joyce

2004-02-01

74

Characteristics of High-Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of high-quality teachers who used a structured mathematics program for teaching, namely the Math Achievement Program (MAP[superscript 2]D), which demonstrated significant gains on student achievement as measured by California's Standards Test (CST) in mathematics. Specifically, the…

Jones, Jason E.; Gulek, James C.

2010-01-01

75

Business Students' Perceptions Of The Impact Of Teaching Practices And Teacher Qualifications On Teacher Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the role of teaching practices and teacher qualifications in explaining teacher quality. To accomplish this objective, the paper identifies the perceptions of business students on teacher quality, focusing on teacher qualifications and teaching practices components. Data for the study were collected from 218 college students enrolled in business and economics courses in one of the southeastern states

Amon Okpala

2005-01-01

76

Governing Quality in Teacher Education: Deconstructing Federal Text and Talk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two dueling national agendas characterize discussions surrounding teacher quality and teacher education reform. For professionalists, teacher quality is synonymous with meeting a set of professional standards. For deregulationists, these standards are roadblocks that deter high-quality candidates from pursuing jobs in teaching. Despite…

Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Hunt, Hyland

2007-01-01

77

Quality of Summer Teachers Examined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A hefty body of evidence documents the phenomenon of "summer learning loss," but consensus on the attributes of effective summer intervention, especially when it comes to access to high-quality teaching for students most at risk of falling behind, is only starting to emerge. Now, though, a handful of districts are beginning to wrestle with the…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2011-01-01

78

Teachers' Opinions on Quality Criteria for Competency Assessment Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Quality control policies towards Dutch vocational schools have changed dramatically because the government questioned examination quality. Schools must now demonstrate assessment quality to a new Examination Quality Center. Since teachers often design assessments, they must be involved in quality issues. This study therefore explores teachers'…

Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

2007-01-01

79

Enhancing Student Learning In Technology Through Enhancing Teacher Formative Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the research and intervention approaches undertaken by a research team when working with 14 primary school teachers (as well as two of the principals) in technology education over a three-year period (1998-2000). The evidence gained over the three years has shown how effective research, development, and negotiated intervention strategies can be introduced to enhance student learning.

Judy Moreland; Alister Jones; Megan Chambers

80

Early childhood teachers' preparation and the quality of program outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of the preparation of effective teachers becomes more critical for teachers of early childhood programs. It has been hypothesized that better program quality depends on better?educated teachers. The purpose of this investigation was to explore the importance of a high level of education for all early childhood education teachers. This issue has intrigued early childhood researchers and has

Olivia N. Saracho; Bernard Spodek

2007-01-01

81

From Monologue to Dialogue: A Teacher Training to Enhance Effective Student Engagement and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many high schools are encouraging teachers to enhance the level of student engagement by having teachers interact more productively with students. Effective questioning, efficient use of wait time, use of high-quality examples, a clear goal, equitable distribution, and a balance of open and closed questions correlate with higher levels of student…

Dopson, Brian G.

2010-01-01

82

From Monologue to Dialogue: A Teacher Training to Enhance Effective Student Engagement and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many high schools are encouraging teachers to enhance the level of student engagement by having teachers interact more productively with students. Effective questioning, efficient use of wait time, use of high-quality examples, a clear goal, equitable distribution, and a balance of open and closed questions correlate with higher levels of student…

Dopson, Brian G.

2010-01-01

83

A Model for Enhancing Morale among Middle School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation was designed to enhance the morale among teachers at a middle school that experienced high teacher attrition each year. The solution strategies implemented addressed issues of administrative support, collegiality among teachers, parental involvement, reduction in nonteaching duties, and teacher recognition and…

Postell, Willie A.

2004-01-01

84

High school teacher enhancement in the sciences  

SciTech Connect

As part of an effort to improve the teaching of science in a four-State region (Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas), the Science and Engineering Alliance (SEA) initiated a series of teacher enhancement workshops in science. The workshops focus on teaching problem solving through experience gained in laboratory, field work, classroom discussions and interactions/debates, critical analysis of the literature, obtaining a greater appreciation of the application of mathematics in science, and interactions with experts in various fields of science.

Mohamed, A. [Jackson State Univ., MS (United States). School of Science and Technology; Shepard, R.L. [Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1997-03-01

85

Enhanced Stream Water Quality  

EPA Science Inventory

***QUAL2E is not included in the current version of BASINS*** QUAL2E is a steady state and quasi-dynamic water quality model for the simulation of point source impact on water quality including nitrogen and phosphorus cycling, dissolved oxygen and BOD, algae, fecal c...

86

Quality Assurance in Teacher Education : A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a new framework for quality assurance in teacher education emerges, internal and external constituencies with an interest in teacher education quality are making burdensome demands on the sector. The constituencies include OFSTED, Government agencies concerned with accreditation and funding, the HE institutions, the teaching profession and student teachers. The result is a series of potentially conflicting pressures and a

David Blake

1994-01-01

87

Longitudinal Effects of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Teacher-Student Relationship Qualities on Academic Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher-student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self-views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and…

Hughes, Jan N.

2011-01-01

88

Teachers' Opinions about the Responsibilities of Parents, Schools, and Teachers in Enhancing Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Enhancing student learning is a complex process in itself and is related to a variety of factors. This study deals with the three of these factors (i.e., parents, schools, and teachers) based on teachers' perceptions. A short survey composed of three open-ended questions was administered to 148 teachers. The teachers were asked to write their…

Korkmaz, Isa

2007-01-01

89

The Quality of Vocational Teachers: teacher education, institutional roles and professional reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are quality vocational teachers? This article analyzes the different factors exerting an influence on the professional knowledge, practices and performance of teaching staff involved in technical and vocational education and training (TVET). The international variety of vocational teacher education patterns, profiles and recruitment practices is presented. Any assessment of the quality of teachers' work, be it in theory or

PHILIPP GROLLMANN

2008-01-01

90

Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) offers online, graduate-level science courses from a world-class public research university. NTEN was one of the first online professional development programs for K-12 teachers, and has offered courses sin

1900-01-01

91

Research Experiences in Teacher Preparation: Effectiveness of the Green Bank preservice teacher enhancement program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the preservice teacher component of the Research Experiences in Teacher Preparation (RETP) project aimed at enhancing teacher perceptions of the nature of science, science research, and science teaching. Data was collected for three preservice teacher groups during the three phases of the program: (I) a one week institute held at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia where teachers performed astronomy research using a 40 foot diameter radio telescope; (II) a secondary science methods course; and (III) student teaching placements. Four Likert-type instruments were developed and administered pre and post-institute to assess changes in perceptions of science, attitudes toward research, concerns about implementing research in the classroom, and evaluation of the institute. Instruments were re-administered following the methods course and student teaching. Observations of classroom students conducting research were completed for seven preservice teacher participants in their student teaching placements. Analysis, using t-tests, showed a significant increase in preservice teachers perceptions of their ability to do research. Preservice teachers were not concerned about implementing research in their placements. No significant change was measured in their understanding of the nature of science and science teaching. Concept maps demonstrated a significant increase in radio astronomy content knowledge. Participants responded that the value of institute components, quality of the research elements, and preparation for implementing research in the classroom were "good" to "excellent". Following the methods course (Phase II) no significant change in their understanding of the nature of science or concerns about implementing projects in the classroom were measured. Of the 7 preservice teachers who were observed implementing research projects, 5 projects were consistent with the Green Bank model. Student teachers who had initiated research in their classrooms had fewer concerns about doing them than those that had not. No significant change was measured in their perceptions of science and science teaching. The RETP project serves as a viable constructivist model for exposing preservice teachers to science research and transferring that experience to the classroom.

Hemler, Debra A.

1997-11-01

92

Teacher Training, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement. Working Paper 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We study the effects of various types of education and training on the ability of teachers to promote student achievement. Previous studies on the subject have been hampered by inadequate measures of teacher training and difficulties addressing the non-random selection of teachers to students and of teachers to training. We address these issues…

Harris, Douglas N.; Sass, Tim R.

2007-01-01

93

Teacher Quality: A Report on the Preparation and Qualifications of Public School Teachers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is timely in light of recent concerns over the quality of our educational system and our teachers. Teachers professional preparation (as well as their working conditions) has been identified as fundamental to improving elementary and secondary...

B. Greene B. Parsad B. Smerdon E. Farris L. Lewis N. Bartfai N. Carey

1999-01-01

94

Understanding science teacher enhancement programs: Essential components and a model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Researchers and practioners alike recognize that "the national goal that every child in the United States has access to high-quality school education in science and mathematics cannot be realized without the availability of effective professional development of teachers" (Hewson, 1997, p. 16). Further, there is a plethora of reports calling for the improvement of professional development efforts (Guskey & Huberman, 1995; Kyle, 1995; Loucks-Horsley, Hewson, Love, & Stiles, 1997). In this study I analyze a successful 3-year teacher enhancement program, one form of professional development, to: (1) identify essential components of an effective teacher enhancement program; and (2) create a model to identify and articulate the critical issues in designing, implementing, and evaluating teacher enhancement programs. Five primary sources of information were converted into data: (1) exit questionnaires, (2) exit surveys, (3) exit interview transcripts, (4) focus group transcripts, and (5) other artifacts. Additionally, a focus group was used to conduct member checks. Data were analyzed in an iterative process which led to the development of the list of essential components. The Components are categorized by three organizers: Structure (e.g., science research experience, a mediator throughout the program), Context (e.g., intensity, collaboration), and Participant Interpretation (e.g., perceived to be "safe" to examine personal beliefs and practices, actively engaged). The model is based on: (1) a 4-year study of a successful teacher enhancement program; (2) an analysis of professional development efforts reported in the literature; and (3) reflective discussions with implementors, evaluators, and participants of professional development programs. The model consists of three perspectives, cognitive, symbolic interaction, and organizational, representing different viewpoints from which to consider issues relevant to the success of a teacher enhancement program. These perspectives influence and are examined across three settings, program, individual, and school. An over-arching theme, namely the content focus of the program, such as the teaching and learning of science illuminate both the perspectives and the settings. While the model was developed to understand and evaluate a specific program, it is hypothesized that it can be a powerful tool for designing and implementing a variety of programs.

Spiegel, Samuel Albert

95

Teacher Characteristics and the Quality of Child–Teacher Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine certain characteristics of teachers (e.g., ethnicity, gender, relationship history) and children (e.g., gender, ethnicity) that are unique to the child–teacher relationship. One hundred thirty-eight preservice teachers reported on their relationship with 903 students in kindergarten through fifth grade. Results indicated that the preservice teachers' perceived attachment history was a significant predictor of

John E Kesner

2000-01-01

96

The Secondary School Principal and Teachers' Quality of Work Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study shadowed and interviewed eight high school principals to identify and describe how these administrators' actions influenced teachers' quality of working life. Principals positively influenced the respect accorded teachers, teacher participation in decisions affecting their work, professional collaboration and interaction, use of skills…

Rossmiller, Richard A.

1992-01-01

97

Initiatives for Teacher Quality in New York State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Descriptions are given of six initiatives for improving teacher quality in New York State. Provisions, administration, funding, allowable uses of funds, and method of distribution are discussed for each of the programs. The proposed projects are involved in: a career ladder/internship program for teachers; an internship/master teacher program; an…

Donovan, James H.; And Others

98

Teacher Quality and Student Achievement. Urban Diversity Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent research suggests that teacher quality is the most important educational input predicting student achievement. Nonetheless, many teachers are less academically skilled than college graduates in other occupations. This study explores characteristics of highly qualified teachers and the connections that exist between these attributes and…

Goldhaber, Dan; Anthony, Emily

99

Building Teacher Quality in Baltimore City Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the request of the Education Reform Project of the American Civil Liberties Union of Maryland, the National Council on Teacher Quality undertook an analysis of the teacher policies in the Baltimore City Public Schools. Its analysis looks at the teachers' contract, school board rules and state laws. It also collected personnel data from the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2010

2010-01-01

100

Interactive video technology: Enhancing professional learning in initial teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Sussex In-School Teacher Education Project (InSTEP) uses interactive video technologies to enhance initial teacher education programmes for science trainee teachers. With four Internet Protocol cameras and mounted microphones in both school laboratories and the university teaching room, trainees and their tutors have access to live interaction with schools. This paper presents some of the findings of a

Brian Marsh; Nick Mitchell; Peter Adamczyk

2010-01-01

101

Colonised by Quality? Teacher Identities in a Research-Led Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the impact of quality assurance and enhancement initiatives on teacher identities in higher education. Data from an interview-based study of a research-led institution in the United Kingdom are drawn upon to consider the implications of quality--for example, whether it has captured the inner assumptive worlds of higher…

Skelton, Alan

2012-01-01

102

From Teacher Education to Student Progress: Teacher Quality since NCLB. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of "teacher quality" has undergone a profound transformation in the last decade. Through the late 1990s, most policymakers assumed that educator effectiveness was immeasurable and that our only hopes to increase it were tied to classroom experience and academic credentials. Yet since 2001, through a series of notable research findings,…

Shober, Arnold F.

2012-01-01

103

From Teacher Education to Student Progress: Teacher Quality since NCLB. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The concept of "teacher quality" has undergone a profound transformation in the last decade. Through the late 1990s, most policymakers assumed that educator effectiveness was immeasurable and that our only hopes to increase it were tied to classroom experience and academic credentials. Yet since 2001, through a series of notable research…

Shober, Arnold F.

2012-01-01

104

The Quality of Teacher Work Life Survey: A Measure of Teacher Stress and Job Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Administered Quality of Teacher Work Life Survey, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Educational Values Scales to 227 teachers. Results identified 10 factors contributing to teacher satisfaction and stress. The 10 factors accounted for 66.3 percent of the total item variance. (NB)|

Pelsma, Dennis M.; And Others

1989-01-01

105

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Montana State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Montana edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

106

Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Public Schools Keeping Their Best?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we examine the mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality, measured using value-added estimates of teacher performance. Unlike previous studies that have examined these issues, we focus on the variation in these effects across the effectiveness distribution. We find that, on average, more effective teachers tend to stay in…

Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

2011-01-01

107

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Delaware State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Delaware edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

108

Secondary Mathematics Teacher Differences: Teacher Quality and Preparation in a New York City Alternative Certification Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Providing students in urban settings with quality teachers is important for student achievement. This study examined the differences in content knowledge, attitudes toward mathematics, and teacher efficacy among several different types of alternatively certified teachers in a sample from the New York City Teaching Fellows program in order to…

Evans, Brian R.

2011-01-01

109

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Utah State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Utah edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

110

Quality of teacher worklife and classroom practices in Botswana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grounded in affect theory (Eckblad, 1981), this study investigated (1) the extent that Botswana junior secondary teachers' quality of worklife was related to their willingness to undertake innovative educational practices and (2) the extent that those teachers who differed in their perceived quality of worklife also differed in their classroom pedagogical practices. Results indicated that classroom practices differed significantly (for

Conrad W. Snyder

1995-01-01

111

The Equitable Distribution of High-Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A new report by the National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality (TQ Center) highlights efforts across the nation to address a key point in the No Child Left Behind law and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)--the equitable distribution of high-quality teachers across all schools. Research consistently has pointed to effective…

Bumgardner, Stan

2010-01-01

112

Assessing Pre-Service Teachers' Quality Teaching Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to design and validate the Assessing Quality Teaching Rubrics (AQTR) that assesses the pre-service teachers' quality teaching practices in a live lesson or a videotaped lesson. Twenty-one lessons taught by 13 Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) students were videotaped. The videotaped lessons were evaluated…

Chen, Weiyun; Hendricks, Kristin; Archibald, Kelsi

2011-01-01

113

Quality Science Teacher Professional Development and Student Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies show that socio-economic background and parental education accounts for 50-60 percent of a child's achievement in school. School, and other influences, account for the remaining 40-50 percent. In contrast to most other professions, schools require no real apprenticeship training of science teachers. Overall, only 38 percent of United States teachers have had any on-the-job training in their first teaching position, and in some cases this consisted of a few meetings over the course of a year between the beginning teacher and the assigned mentor or master teacher. Since individual teachers determine the bulk of a student's school experiences, interventions focused on teachers have the greatest likelihood of affecting students. To address this deficiency, partnerships between scientists and K-12 teachers are increasingly recognized as an excellent method for improving teacher preparedness and the quality of science education. Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers' (founded in 1990) basic premise is simple: teachers cannot effectively teach science if they have no firsthand experience doing science, hence the Program's motto, "Practice what you teach." Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers provides strong evidence that a teacher research program is a very effective form of professional development for secondary school science teachers and has a direct correlation to increased student achievement in science. The author will present the methodology of the program's evaluation citing statistically significant data. The author will also show the economic benefits of teacher participation in this form of professional development.

Dubner, J.

2007-12-01

114

Promoting quality for teacher action research: lessons learned from science teachers’ action research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we explore the concept of quality in teacher action research by re?examining our participation with science teachers in several different collaborative action research projects. We conducted second?order action research and generated a series reflexive conditions for promoting and ensuring quality action research. We assert that a collaborative action research group must function as both a community of

Brenda M. Capobianco; Allan Feldman

2006-01-01

115

Quality of Work Life: Rural Teachers' Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A questionnaire mailed to 528 teachers in rural British Columbia sought opinions on their conditions of work, professional autonomy, and interactions with students and administrators. Responses suggest policy changes to reduce high rate of teacher turnover. (JW)|

Haughey, Margaret L.; Murphy, Peter J.

1983-01-01

116

Teacher Quality: From Policy to Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How did a teacher move from knowing the educational theory of inquiry science to being able to design a student-centered investigation? How can a teacher recreate the magic of those precious sparks and intentionally make those moments happen? The answer lies in professional development that equips teachers with the skills required to accomplish…

Tugel, Joyce

2004-01-01

117

Teacher quality and attrition in a US school district  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine whether teachers with high value-added scores (as a measure of teacher quality) stay or left test grades and subjects in a medium-sized school district. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Panel data for this paper encompass teachers providing math and reading instruction and link to individual students in grades 3-10 from a single Florida

William Kyle Ingle

2009-01-01

118

Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Schools Keeping Their Best? Working Paper 29  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most studies that have fueled alarm over the attrition and mobility rates of teachers have relied on proxy indicators of teacher quality, even though these proxies correlate only weakly with student performance. This paper examines the attrition and mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality using value-added measures of teacher

Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

2009-01-01

119

Quality in Teacher Education and Training: The Case of Barbados.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper analyzes developments in teacher education and training in Barbados, providing a historical perspective and discussing conceptions of and steps toward ensuring quality. The collegial work of the University of the West Indies and the Erdiston Teachers' Training College is examined. (SM)|

Newton, Earle

1995-01-01

120

Teacher Quality: What's Wrong with U.S. Strategy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this commentary, Tucker asserts that countries that perform well on international comparisons of student achievement all take a different approach to ensuring teacher quality than the United States does. These top-performing countries have established high standards for getting into schools of education; they are moving teacher education…

Tucker, Marc

2012-01-01

121

The Effect of Certification and Preparation on Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve the quality of the teacher workforce, some states have tightened teacher preparation and certification requirements while others have eased requirements and introduced "alternative" ways of being certified to attract more people to teaching. Donald Boyd, Daniel Goldhaber, Hamilton Lankford, and James Wyckoff evaluate these seemingly…

Boyd, Donald; Goldhaber, Daniel; Lankford, Hamilton; Wyckoff, James

2007-01-01

122

Using Value-Added Measures of Teacher Quality. Brief 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive education research on the contribution of teachers to student achievement produces two generally accepted results. First, teacher quality varies substantially as measured by the value added to student achievement or future academic attainment or earnings. Second, variables often used to determine entry into the profession and…

Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G.

2010-01-01

123

Professional Development: Teachers Use of GIS to Enhance Student Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explains a professional development experience of fifth to twelfth grade teachers in using geographic information systems (GIS) and global positioning systems (GPS) technologies to enhance classroom teaching and learning environments. A key challenge faced by the developers was whether teachers would value the technology tools enough to warrant the time necessary to develop the skills for productive use

Patricia A. McClurg; Alan Buss

2007-01-01

124

Hiring Highly Qualified Teachers Begins with Quality Interviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School administrators have some tough hiring decisions to make, and an interview to select the most highly qualified applicants is critically important. Even before the mandates of No Child Left Behind, school administrators strove to hire the best new teachers. Competent, caring, qualified teachers are the keys to enhanced student achievement.…

Clement, Mary C.

2009-01-01

125

A Quality Teacher in Every Classroom: Creating a Teacher Evaluation System that Works for California. Perspectives from Accomplished California Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dire state of education funding in California and across the nation means stakeholders must be smarter than ever about how they use their resources. Since teacher quality has emerged as one of the most powerful variables in student success, the focus of policy reform must be on building the capacity of teachers--now and in the future--to meet…

National Board Resource Center at Stanford University, 2010

2010-01-01

126

A Corporate Partnership to Enhance Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses a corporate partnership with SMART Technologies that changed what teacher candidates learned and how they learned. The experience of the partnership has revealed five best practices for implementing white board technology. Teacher training benefits of the partnership are evident in descriptions of three instructional…

Fine, Bethann

2012-01-01

127

Teacher Education around the World: Changing Policies and Practices. Teacher Quality and School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers are the most important single element of the education system but what does it take to create high quality teachers in today's world? Around the world, countries are struggling to understand how to change their schools to meet global demands. International comparisons have shown that schools in Finland lead the league tables, but why is…

Darling-Hammond, Linda, Ed.; Lieberman, Ann, Ed.

2012-01-01

128

Secretary's Third Annual Report on Teacher Quality: Meeting the Highly Qualified Teachers Challenge.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Under the 1998 reauthorization of Title II of the Higher Education Act (HEA), the U.S. secretary of education is required to issue annual reports to Congress on the state of teacher quality and teacher preparation nationwide. This report is the third annu...

2004-01-01

129

TEACHER QUALITY AND TEACHER PREPAREDNESS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS: EVIDENCE FROM SASS 1999-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, I inquired into the quality of public secondary school teachers by examining what percentages of teachers were highly qualified in the fields of their main teaching assignment and in each specific field they taught. The focus was placed on the core academic fields (English, social studies, math, and science) and the subfields of science (chemistry, physics, earth

Xuejin Lu

130

The Quality of Vocational Teachers: Teacher Education, Institutional Roles and Professional Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What are quality vocational teachers? This article analyzes the different factors exerting an influence on the professional knowledge, practices and performance of teaching staff involved in technical and vocational education and training (TVET). The international variety of vocational teacher education patterns, profiles and recruitment…

Grollmann, Philipp

2008-01-01

131

Veteran teachers: commitment, resilience and quality retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst much research on teachers’ lives has focussed on their early years in the profession, much less attention has been paid to those in their later years, so called ‘veteran’ teachers. Yet, many of these are likely to hold positions of responsibility in the school, receive greater remuneration and have experienced the impact of more policy and social change in

Christopher Day; Qing Gu

2009-01-01

132

Teacher quality moderates the genetic effects on early reading.  

PubMed

Children's reading achievement is influenced by genetics as well as by family and school environments. The importance of teacher quality as a specific school environmental influence on reading achievement is unknown. We studied first- and second-grade students in Florida from schools representing diverse environments. Comparison of monozygotic and dizygotic twins, differentiating genetic similarities of 100% and 50%, provided an estimate of genetic variance in reading achievement. Teacher quality was measured by how much reading gain the non-twin classmates achieved. The magnitude of genetic variance associated with twins' oral reading fluency increased as the quality of their teacher increased. In circumstances where the teachers are all excellent, the variability in student reading achievement may appear to be largely due to genetics. However, poor teaching impedes the ability of children to reach their potential. PMID:20413504

Taylor, J; Roehrig, A D; Soden Hensler, B; Connor, C M; Schatschneider, C

2010-04-23

133

Annual Report on Teacher Quality Released at the Evaluation Conference in D.C.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In a speech at the first annual Teacher Quality Evaluation Conference (recently held in Washington, DC), US Secretary of Education Rod Paige urged all states to radically alter their teacher certification programs by increasing the standards and decreasing the barriers that currently keep many qualified candidates from pursing teaching careers. Paige's speech was based on results of the 78-page report to Congress entitled Meeting the Highly Qualified Teachers Challenge: The Secretary's Annual Report on Teacher Quality. Released Tuesday, June 11, 2002, this document is the first annual report to Congress on the state of teacher quality nationwide, as required by Title II of the Higher Education Act of 1998. The report is based on responses from state reports on teacher quality submitted to the Department of Education, and includes comprehensive data, by state, on certification and license requirements; statewide pass rates on assessments of 1999-2000 graduates preparation programs; number of teachers on waivers or emergency/temporary permits; teacher standards and their alignment with student standards; and state criteria for identifying low-performing schools of education.Like the No Child Left Behind Act, the Secretary's report elicits higher teacher standards in order to enhance the educational process. The report proposes that states require prospective teachers to pass rigorous exams in the subjects they plan to teach. "Research shows that teachers with strong academic backgrounds in specific content areas are more likely to boost the academic performance of their students in those subjects." To lower barriers, the report calls on states and institutions of higher learning to reshape their teacher preparation programs by eliminating some of their rigid certification requirements, such as the massive number of pedagogical courses required. For more information concerning the teacher quality evaluation conference, users may access the first two links above. For a copy of Paige's remarks at the conference and a copy of the report, viewers may access links three and four, respectively. Finally, the fifth link leads to the No Child Left Behind Web site, and the last link opens the Title II home page, which features state reports and other state materials.

Green, Marcia.

2002-01-01

134

Continuous quality improvement: integrating best practice into teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to provide a framework for continuous, quality, low cost professional development opportunities at the university level to improve the quality of the instructional practices and\\/or curriculum used in the teacher education program. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Background of the design, needs assessment and implementation of professional development (best practice seminars) based upon the established best practices principles

Carole Edmonds

2007-01-01

135

Continuous Quality Improvement: Integrating Best Practice into Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to provide a framework for continuous, quality, low cost professional development opportunities at the university level to improve the quality of the instructional practices and/or curriculum used in the teacher education program. Design/methodology/approach: Background of the design, needs assessment and implementation of…

Edmonds, Carole

2007-01-01

136

Globalization and the preparation of quality teachers: rethinking knowledge domains for teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preparing quality teachers has become a global concern as all nations strive for excellence at all levels. Yet, there is little consensus around what constitutes quality and how quality teachers might best be attained. This article takes up the issue of quality teacher preparation by exploring several pivotal questions: What might quality teaching mean in a global context? What should

A. Lin Goodwin

2010-01-01

137

Globalization and the Preparation of Quality Teachers: Rethinking Knowledge Domains for Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Preparing quality teachers has become a global concern as all nations strive for excellence at all levels. Yet, there is little consensus around what constitutes quality and how quality teachers might best be attained. This article takes up the issue of quality teacher preparation by exploring several pivotal questions: What might quality

Goodwin, A. Lin

2010-01-01

138

Teacher Quality, Job-Embedded Professional Development, and School-University Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are few conversations about teaching these days that do not include talk about teacher quality. Yet, within the conversations about improving teacher quality, the dialogue is often political--consumed with one-dimensional solutions for improving teacher quality, such as linking teacher pay to student performance. Absent from the pervasive…

Dana, Nancy Fichtman

2010-01-01

139

A Review of the Literature on Mathematics and Science Teacher Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large body of literature exists that examines teacher quality characteristics and the relationship of indicators of those characteristics to teacher effectiveness. This existing research literature broadly views teacher quality research without illuminating specific areas of teacher quality, such as mathematics and science. In an effort to focus the literature base for researchers and policymakers more narrowly, this review specifically

Johnna J. Bolyard; Patricia S. Moyer-Packenham

2008-01-01

140

Perform or Else: The Performative Enhancement of Teacher Professionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Singapore Ministry of Education's Enhanced Performance Management System (EPMS) was instituted in 2005 as a system of professional accountability to enhance the standards and stakes of teacher professionalism in schools. This essay explores how the EPMS, with its underlying paradigm of performance management, functions as a "technology of…

Liew, Warren Mark

2012-01-01

141

Triage or Tapestry: Teacher Unions' Work Toward Improving Teacher Quality in an Era of Systemic Reform. A Research Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report looks at and identifies emerging trends in the roles that teacher unions play in educational reform and improving the quality of teaching. A description of the efforts of six teacher unions to improve teacher quality within the context of the ...

N. Bascia

2003-01-01

142

Enhancing Student Teacher Reflective Practice through Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a seminar process in which poetry is used with student teachers to provide a focal point for reflection and introspection. Through this reflection process, students have been able to reflect deeply and personally on their student-teaching experiences, on their own personalities in the context of those experiences, and on…

Cowin, Kathleen M.

2012-01-01

143

Recruiting and Hiring High-Quality Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faced with teacher shortages in some subject areas, a New Jersey district developed a comprehensive approach to increase the candidate pool, select superior candidates, and retain them once hired. Innovations include advertising on the Internet, accepting online applications, and encouraging students and nontraditional candidates to enter…

O'Laughlin, Jim

1999-01-01

144

Teacher Preparation: Assessing Teacher Quality, Administrative Support, Standards-Based Teacher Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers focuses on the preparation of teachers by university-based education programs. The papers are: "The STEPS That Support P-12 Learning and Achievement" (Diana Rigden), which describes the Standards-based Teacher Education Project (STEP) for improving student learning; "The Responsibility for Assessing Beginning Teachers"…

Poliakoff, Anne Rogers, Ed.

2002-01-01

145

Enhancing Practicing Primary School Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the frameworks and cognitive tools that have been developed to enhance practising teachers' pedagogical\\u000a content knowledge in primary school technology education. The frameworks evolved from our research that firstly examined existing\\u000a teaching practices, secondly enhanced formative interactions and thirdly enhanced summative assessment strategies. The evidence\\u000a gained over the three years demonstrated how the effective use of frameworks

Alister Jones; Judy Moreland

2004-01-01

146

Adaptive and motivated: psychological qualities of college students in teacher education programs in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher quality has been a perennial issue in the field of education. In addition to academic ability, psychological and motivational characteristics are regarded as increasingly important dimensions of teacher quality. This study has established a multidimensional framework of teacher quality including social competency, adaptive ability and career commitment and used it to examine the qualities of pre-service college students in

Hsiou-huai Wang

2011-01-01

147

Adaptive and motivated: psychological qualities of college students in teacher education programs in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher quality has been a perennial issue in the field of education. In addition to academic ability, psychological and motivational characteristics are regarded as increasingly important dimensions of teacher quality. This study has established a multidimensional framework of teacher quality including social competency, adaptive ability and career commitment and used it to examine the qualities of pre-service college students in

Hsiou-huai Wang

2012-01-01

148

Teacher quality and student achievement: A review of state policy evidence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using data from a 50-state survey of policies, state case study analyses, the 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Surveys (SASS), and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), this study examines the ways in which teacher qualifications and other school inputs are related to student achievement across states. The findings of both the qualitative and quantitative analyzes suggest that policy investments in the quality of teachers may be related to improvements in student performance. Quantitative analyzes indicate that measures of teacher preparation and certification are by far the strongest correlates of student achievement in reading and mathematics, both before and after controlling for student poverty and language status. State policy surveys and case study data are used to evaluate policies that influence the overall level of teacher qualifications within and across states. This analysis suggests that policies adopted by states regarding teacher education, licensing, hiring, and professional development may make an important difference in the qualifications and capacities that teachers bring to their work. The implications for state efforts to enhance quality and equity in public education are discussed.

Darling-Hammond, Linda

2008-07-19

149

Collaborative innovations with rural and regional secondary teachers: enhancing student learning in mathematics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When questioned, secondary mathematics teachers in rural and regional schools in Australia refer to their limited opportunities to engage and share experiences with peers in other schools as an under-utilised and cost-effective mechanism to support their professional learning and enhance their students' learning. The paper reports on the creation and evaluation of a network of learning communities of rural secondary mathematics teachers around a common purpose—enhancement and increased engagement of student learning in mathematics. To achieve this goal, teams of teachers from six rural schools identified an issue hindering improved student learning of mathematics in their school. Working collaboratively with support from university personnel with expertise in curriculum, assessment and quality pedagogy, teachers developed and implemented strategies to address an identified issue in ways that were relevant to their teaching contexts. The research study identifies issues in mathematics of major concern to rural teachers of mathematics, the successes and challenges the teachers faced in working in learning communities on the issue they identified, and the efficacy of the professional learning model.

Pegg, John; Panizzon, Debra

2011-06-01

150

Enhancing Leadership Quality. TQ Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Educator Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching Quality (TQ) Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Educator Quality is an online resource developed by the TQ Center. It is designed to help education practitioners tap into strategies and resources they can use to enhance educator quality. This publication is based on the TQ Source Tips & Tools topic area "Enhancing

National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2008

2008-01-01

151

User-Oriented Quality for OER: Understanding Teachers' Views on Re-Use, Quality, and Trust  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We analysed how teachers as users of open educational resources (OER) repositories act in the re-use process and how they perceive quality. Based on a quantitative empirical study, we also surveyed which quality requirements users have and how they would contribute to the quality process. Trust in resources, organizations, and technologies seem…

Clements, K. I.; Pawlowski, J. M.

2012-01-01

152

Elusive Search for Quality Education: The Case of Quality Assurance and Teacher Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine issues of quality and quality assurance in Kenyan schools, identify reasons why Kenya government has difficulties in achieving its well documented search for quality education and to trace the process for ensuring the accountability of teachers in Kenya. This focus is done under conditions of…

Odhiambo, George

2008-01-01

153

User-Oriented Quality for OER: Understanding Teachers' Views on Re-Use, Quality, and Trust  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analysed how teachers as users of open educational resources (OER) repositories act in the re-use process and how they perceive quality. Based on a quantitative empirical study, we also surveyed which quality requirements users have and how they would contribute to the quality process. Trust in resources, organizations, and technologies seem to…

Clements, K. I.; Pawlowski, J. M.

2012-01-01

154

Elusive Search for Quality Education: The Case of Quality Assurance and Teacher Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine issues of quality and quality assurance in Kenyan schools, identify reasons why Kenya government has difficulties in achieving its well documented search for quality education and to trace the process for ensuring the accountability of teachers in Kenya. This focus is done under conditions of…

Odhiambo, George

2008-01-01

155

The effect of certification and preparation on teacher quality.  

PubMed

To improve the quality of the teacher workforce, some states have tightened teacher preparation and certification requirements while others have eased requirements and introduced "alternative" ways of being certified to attract more people to teaching. Donald Boyd, Daniel Goldhaber, Hamilton Lankford, and James Wyckoff evaluate these seemingly contradictory strategies by examining how preparation and certification requirements affect student achivement. If strong requirements improve student outcomes and deter relatively few potential teachers, the authors say, then they may well be good policy. But if they have little effect on student achievement, if they seriously deter potential teachers, or if schools are able to identify applicants who will produce good student outcomes, then easing requirements becomes a more attractive policy. In reviewing research on these issues, the authors find that evidence is often insufficient to draw conclusions. They do find that highly selective alternative route programs can produce effective teachers who perform about the same as teachers from traditional routes after two years on the job. And they find that teachers who score well on certification exams can improve student outcomes somewhat. Limited evidence suggests that certification requirements can diminish the pool of applicants, but there is no evidence on how they affect student outcomes. And the authors find that schools have a limited ability to identify attributes in prospective teachers that allow them to improve student achievement. The authors conclude that the research evidence is simply too thin to have serious implications for policy. Given the enormous investment in teacher preparation and certification and given the possibility that these requirements may worsen student outcomes, the lack of convincing evidence is disturbing. The authors urge researchers and policymakers to work together to move to a more informed position where good resource decisions can be made. PMID:17407922

Boyd, Donald; Goldhaber, Daniel; Lankford, Hamilton; Wyckoff, James

2007-01-01

156

Teacher Certification Reconsidered: Stumbling for Quality. A Rejoinder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asserts that in a response to the Abell Foundation's "Teacher Certification Reconsidered, Stumbling for Quality," Linda Darling-Hammond mounts a considerable effort to discredit the report. It suggests that in doing so, she misrepresents the report's numerous facts and recommendations, shifting the debate off the primary concern of…

Walsh, Kate

157

School timetabling for quality student and teacher schedules  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The school timetabling problem, although less complicated than its counterpart for the university, still provides a ground for interesting and innovative approaches that promise solutions of high quality. In this work, a Shift Assignment Problem is solved first and work shifts are assigned to teachers. In the sequel, the actual Timetabling Problem is solved while the optimal shift assignments

Theodore Birbas; Sophia Daskalaki; Efthymios Housos

2009-01-01

158

Using Wikis to Promote Quality Learning in Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses writing as a social practice and speculates on how wikis might be used to promote higher quality academic writing and support collaborative learning. This study of undergraduate teacher trainees' online learning activities focuses on how shared spaces--wikis--might be used to communicate ideas and generate course-specific…

Wheeler, Steve; Wheeler, Dawn

2009-01-01

159

Enhancing quality improvement team effectiveness.  

PubMed

Quality improvement teams are different from other work groups in their purpose, leadership, membership, training, procedures, and dynamics. To have effective quality improvement teams, health care organizations must focus on six key process variables, with particular attention to group dynamics. Quality improvement teams progress through the "traditional" stages of team development--forming, storming, norming, and performing--with a "special stage" of closing. Within each stage, there are two core dimensions--team process ("relationship" issues) and the project itself ("task" issues)--and critical tasks that need to be performed by the Quality Council, team members, team leader, and the facilitator. PMID:10130709

Mosel, D; Shamp, M J

1993-01-01

160

Evaluating the Long Term Effects of Teacher Enhancement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on a 6-year study of science education reform, the Scope, Sequence, and Coordination (SS&C) Project. The reform included teacher enhancement activities as well as curricular materials and was designed to help science students achieve the National Research Council's Science Standards (1995). The two components of the study…

Lawrenz, Frances; Huffman, Douglas; Lavoie, Beth

161

Using Video Protocols to Enhance Teacher Reflective Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To link theory and practice and enhance preservice teachers' recognition of significant classroom events, researchers introduced an interactive videodisk program into preservice education. The project was based on situated cognition, anchored instruction, and reflective judgment. Pretests/posttests, student logs, and student interviews indicated…

McIntyre, John D.; Pape, Sharon

1993-01-01

162

Enhancers and Inhibitors of Teacher Change among Secondary Physical Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to explore enhancers and inhibitors that impacted 4 secondary physical education teachers to make changes in their programs. An interpretivist approach was used to understand the physical educators' change process. Data were collected from document analyses, participant information sheets, interviews, discussion…

Bechtel, Pamela A.; O'Sullivan, Mary

2007-01-01

163

Factors affecting enhanced video quality preferences.  

PubMed

The development of video quality metrics requires methods for measuring perceived video quality. Most of these metrics are designed and tested using databases of images degraded by compression and scored using opinion ratings. We studied video quality preferences for enhanced images of normally-sighted participants using the method of paired comparisons with a thorough statistical analysis. Participants (n=40) made pair-wise comparisons of high definition video clips enhanced at four different levels using a commercially available enhancement device. Perceptual scales were computed with binary logistic regression to estimate preferences for each level and to provide statistical inference of the differences among levels and the impact of other variables. While moderate preference for enhanced videos was found, two unexpected effects were also uncovered: 1) participants could be broadly classified into two groups: a) those who preferred enhancement ("Sharp") and b) those who disliked enhancement ("Smooth") and 2) enhancement preferences depended on video content, particularly for human faces to be enhanced less. The results suggest that algorithms to evaluate image quality (at least for enhancement) may need to be adjusted or applied differentially based on video content and viewer preferences. The possible impact of similar effects on image quality of compressed video needs to be evaluated. PMID:24107400

Satgunam, Prem Nandhini; Woods, Russell L; Bronstad, P Matthew; Peli, Eli

2013-12-01

164

Adaptive and Motivated: Psychological Qualities of College Students in Teacher Education Programs in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher quality has been a perennial issue in the field of education. In addition to academic ability, psychological and motivational characteristics are regarded as increasingly important dimensions of teacher quality. This study has established a multidimensional framework of teacher quality including social competency, adaptive ability and…

Wang, Hsiou-huai

2012-01-01

165

The Quantity and Quality of Teachers: A Dynamic Trade-off  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the dynamics of the quantity and quality of teachers in the framework of dynamic general equilibrium OLG model. The quantity and quality are jointly set by a government agency wishing to maximize the quality of basic education per student while being bound by teachers’ collective bargaining agreement which equalizes teacher pay. Our model features two stages of education:

Gregory Gilpin; Michael Kaganovich

2009-01-01

166

Voices in Education: Accountability in Teacher Education and the National Council on Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personally, the authors have seen the evolution of teacher education for over 30 years. From "diagnostic/prescriptive teaching" through "reflective practice," the quality of the programs and students has improved greatly. Turning that subjective appraisal into a quantifiable evaluation is a tricky enterprise in education. However, the demand for…

Paulson, Sharon; Marchant, Greg

2011-01-01

167

Voices in Education: Accountability in Teacher Education and the National Council on Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Personally, the authors have seen the evolution of teacher education for over 30 years. From "diagnostic/prescriptive teaching" through "reflective practice," the quality of the programs and students has improved greatly. Turning that subjective appraisal into a quantifiable evaluation is a tricky enterprise in education. However, the demand for…

Paulson, Sharon; Marchant, Greg

2011-01-01

168

Teacher Demand and Supply: Improving Teaching Quality and Addressing Teacher Shortages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an extensive review of the most relevant issues involved in the management of teacher demand and supply at the pre-tertiary level. First, it proposes a conceptual framework for distinguishing among, defining and relating the different relevant factors. Second, it identifies trends and policy concerns regarding the quality of the teaching workforce across the OECD area. Third, it

Paulo Santiago

2002-01-01

169

Teacher Warranties—How Good Is the Antidote in Improving the Quality of Teachers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clamor for the quick fix to education's ills, as highlighted in the reform reports of the 1980s, has given rise to the idea of teacher training institutions' ensuring the quality of their prod ucts. The author reviews the strategy and describes its flaws before describing what he believes is a more productive model.

Paul V. Bredeson

1987-01-01

170

A HOUSSE Built on Quicksand? Exploring the Teacher Quality Conundrum for Secondary Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the authors focus on one highly contested provision of the No Child Left Behind Act, which allows states flexibility in how the quality of teachers is defined and evaluated: the high, objective, uniform state standard of evaluation (HOUSSE) option. They conducted a national survey of representatives from each state to explore how…

Drame, Elizabeth R.; Pugach, Marleen C.

2010-01-01

171

Are Public Schools Really Losing Their Best? Assessing the Career Transitions of Teachers and Their Implications for the Quality of the Teacher Workforce. Working Paper 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most studies that have fueled alarm over the attrition and mobility rates of high-quality teachers have relied on proxy indicators of teacher quality, which recent research finds to be only weakly correlated with value-added measures of teachers' performance. We examine attrition and mobility of teachers using teacher value-added measures for…

Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

2007-01-01

172

An evaluation of the 1997 JPL Summer Teacher Enhancement Program  

SciTech Connect

There were two major components in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Summer Teacher Enhancement Project (STEP). First, the Summer Institute was structured as a four-week, 4-credit-unit University course for middle school science teachers, and consisted of workshops, lectures, labs, and tours as activities. The second component consists of follow-up activities related to the summer institute's contents, and again is structured as a University credit-bearing course for participants to reinforce their summer training. Considerable information from the comments and course ratings as given by the participants is included.

Slovacek, Simeon P.; Doyle-Nichols, Adelaide R.

1997-10-20

173

Does Public School Competition Affect Teacher Quality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under most conceivable scenarios of expanded choice, even with private school vouchers, the public school system will still remain the majority supplier of schooling. Therefore, it is important to know what might happen to quality and outcomes in the remaining public schools. This paper examines the effect of public school competition on academic achievement. The empirical analysis has two major

Eric A. Hanushek; Steven G. Rivkin

174

Software Quality Metrics Enhancements. Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Software metrics (or measurements) which predict software quality have been refined and enhanced. Metrics were classified as anomaly-detecting metrics which identify deficiencies in documentation or source code, predictive metrics which measure the logic ...

J. A. McCall M. T. Matsumoto

1980-01-01

175

Quality control and quality assurance in teacher training institutions: messages from Botswana  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general thesis of this paper is that external factors, such as affiliation to a university, can be used to improve teacher training programmes. The specific issues discussed deal with quality control and assurance. The University of Botswana (UB) is used as a case study. Concepts and terms used are defined, and the key role that quality control and assurance

A. G. Hopkin

1999-01-01

176

Using authentic intellectual assessment to determine level of instructional quality of teacher practice of new elementary school teachers based on teacher preparation route  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was designed to determine whether or not differences existed in the effectiveness between teachers from traditional and alternative teacher preparation routes. The NCLB requirement of having a highly qualified teacher in every classroom has brought close attention to the assessment of teacher effectiveness and the preparation of teacher candidates. The study population included elementary school teachers, within their first three years of teaching who taught science, from five southeastern Virginia schools. For this study, an authentic intellectual assessment rubric created by Newmann, Bryk, and Nagaoka (1997) was utilized to measure teacher effectiveness in terms of the level of instructional quality of new teachers. Chi-square and t test analyses were conducted to investigate the difference between scores of science lesson assignments of new elementary teachers based on type of teacher preparation route the teachers completed. The critical finding of the study was that whereas there were no statistically significant differences in the science assignment scores between traditionally and alternatively prepared teachers, there were significant weaknesses in all teacher participants in the areas of construction of knowledge and connection to students' lives. The results of this study have implications for teachers, teacher preparation routes, teacher development coordinators of school divisions, and those in charge of instructional policies.

Cassidy, Kimberly E.

177

The Quality of Teacher Educators in the European Policy Debate: Actions and Measures to Improve the Professionalism of Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines how the contemporary European policy debate addresses the further development of the quality of teacher educators. A classification framework based on the literature on professionalism was used to compare European and Member State policy actions and measures on the quality of teacher educators through an analysis of seven…

Snoek, Marco; Swennen, Anja; van der Klink, Marcel

2011-01-01

178

Match Quality, Worker Productivity, and Worker Mobility: Direct Evidence from Teachers. NBER Working Paper No. 15990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I investigate the importance of the match between teachers and schools for student achievement. I show that teacher effectiveness is higher after a move to a different school, and I estimate teacher-school match effects using a mixed effects estimator. Match quality can "explain away" a quarter of, and is as economically important as, teacher

Jackson, C. Kirabo

2010-01-01

179

Match Quality, Worker Productivity, and Worker Mobility: Direct Evidence from Teachers. NBER Working Paper No. 15990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|I investigate the importance of the match between teachers and schools for student achievement. I show that teacher effectiveness is higher after a move to a different school, and I estimate teacher-school match effects using a mixed effects estimator. Match quality can "explain away" a quarter of, and is as economically important as, teacher

Jackson, C. Kirabo

2010-01-01

180

Teacher Ethnicity and Variation in Context: The Implications for Classroom Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research Findings: The current study examined the differences in global quality between classrooms with African American teachers and European American teachers. The study included 1,687 classrooms (802 with African American teachers and 885 with European American teachers). Initial analyses revealed significant differences in overall global…

Cassidy, Deborah J.; Lower, Joanna K.; Kintner, Victoria L.; Hestenes, Linda L.

2009-01-01

181

Teacher Training for Political Science PhD Students in Europe Determinants of a Tool for Enhanced Teaching in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the state of teacher training for political science PhD candidates in the European Union and make a comparison with the situation in the United States. We investigate the determinants of supply and demand of teacher training. On the supply side, we suggest that research orientation and quality assurance are factors that might enhance institutional willingness

Gabriela Pleschová; Eszter Simon

2009-01-01

182

Teacher Quality: A Report on Teacher Preparation and Qualifications of Public School Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently released by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)(last described in the October 16, 1998 Scout Report), this is the first in a new series of biennial reports "specifically focused on teachers' learning (both preservice and continued) and the environments in which they work." This report is based on a recent national survey which examined the issues of teacher preparation, qualifications, and work environments. "Key findings are provided in three major areas: (1) preservice learning and teaching assignment; (2) continued learning; and (3) supportive work environment." Users can read the full text online or download the report in .pdf format.

Smerdon, Becky.; Farris, Elizabeth.; Bartfai, Nicole.; Carey, Nancy L.; Parsad, Basmat.; Lewis, Laurie.

1999-01-01

183

The Production of Quality Teachers to Boost the Efficiency of Nigeria's Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All nations are desirous of quality education to engineer and consolidate their developmental process. Since teachers implement education policy and programmes, they exert great influence on the quality of the educational output. Teacher training institutions and programmes designed for the education of teachers have been on the increase since…

Ayodele, J. B.; Akindutire, I. O.

2009-01-01

184

Factors Affecting University Music Students' Perceptions of Lesson Quality and Teacher Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the effects of music teacher delivery skills, lesson content, and student academic standing on 511 university music students' perceptions of lesson quality or teacher appeal. Indicates that student interest and preference varied by academic standing, teacher delivery, and lesson quality. Includes references. (CMK)|

Hamann, Donald L.; Baker, Dawn S.; McAllister, Peter A.; Bauer, William I.

2000-01-01

185

Teacher Quality and Dropout Outcomes in a Large, Urban School District. Working Paper 2007-04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent research shows that variation in teacher quality has large effects on student performance. However, this research is based entirely on student test scores. Focusing on high-school math teachers, this paper evaluates teacher quality in terms of another educational outcome of great interest--graduation. I use a unique instrumental variables…

Koedel, Cory

2008-01-01

186

The Production of Quality Teachers to Boost the Efficiency of Nigeria's Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|All nations are desirous of quality education to engineer and consolidate their developmental process. Since teachers implement education policy and programmes, they exert great influence on the quality of the educational output. Teacher training institutions and programmes designed for the education of teachers have been on the increase since…

Ayodele, J. B.; Akindutire, I. O.

2009-01-01

187

New Pathways for Teachers, New Promises for Students: A Vision for Developing Excellent Teachers. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper outlines a set of ideas for improving teacher quality in America's schools. In it, the author proposes a combination of incremental steps and ambitious ones, designed to stimulate policymakers, practitioners, and the public to accelerate efforts to develop high-quality teachers. The paper has four main sections. First, the author…

Knowles, Timothy

2013-01-01

188

New Pathways for Teachers, New Promises for Students: A Vision for Developing Excellent Teachers. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a set of ideas for improving teacher quality in America's schools. In it, the author proposes a combination of incremental steps and ambitious ones, designed to stimulate policymakers, practitioners, and the public to accelerate efforts to develop high-quality teachers. The paper has four main sections. First, the author…

Knowles, Timothy

2013-01-01

189

Local Amenities, Unobserved Quality, and Market Clearing: Adjusting Teacher Compensation to Provide Equal Education Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Local school districts differ in their ability to pay for teacher quality, and in the amenities they offer as places to live and work. Market clearing with heterogeneous quality yields geographically varying teacher salary levels that confound scarcity with unobserved differences in quality. The paper discusses identification and estimation of a…

Tuck, Bradford; Berman, Matthew; Hill, Alexandra

2009-01-01

190

Features of Pre-Kindergarten Programs, Classrooms, and Teachers: Do They Predict Observed Classroom Quality and Child-Teacher Interactions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study draws from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's Multi-State Pre-Kindergarten Study to examine the extent to which program, class- room, and teacher attributes of the program ecology predict observed quality and teacher-child interactions in a sample of 238 classrooms representing 6 states' pre-kindergarten programs. Quality was assessed observationally at the global level and for specific teaching

Robert Pianta; Carollee Howes; Margaret Burchinal; Donna Bryant; Richard Clifford; Diane Early; Oscar Barbarin

2005-01-01

191

The Effects of Teacher Wait-Time and Questioning Quality on Middle School Science Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experiment was conducted on the effects of two teacher variables and student engagement on science achievement. The variables included: teacher wait-time, defined as the length of the pause preceding a teacher utterance; and questioning quality, a generic term used to describe cognitive level, clarity, and relevance of questioning. Thirteen…

Tobin, Kenneth G.; Capie, William

192

An Experiment to Test the Feasibility and Quality of a Web-Based Questionnaire of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of web-based surveys to gather information from teachers has become increasingly common primarily based on the premise that they can reduce costs. Yet, relatively, little is known about the quality or cost effectiveness of web-based versus mail surveys for teachers. To study the efficacy of web-based teacher surveys, the author randomly…

Jacob, Robin Tepper

2011-01-01

193

The Effect of Wage Compression and Alternative Labor Market Opportunities on Teacher Quality in Venezuela  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the effect of teacher relative wages and teacher wage dispersion on high school graduates' preferences for teaching majors in College. This approximation to teacher quality is appropriate in a country like Venezuela as opposed to the US since the rigidity of the tertiary school system significantly limits mobility between…

Ortega, Daniel E.

2010-01-01

194

The Relationship of Teacher Quality and Student Achievement in Elementary Schools from the New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study sought to examine the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement in public elementary schools in a community district school of the New York City. It has 23 elementary schools, more than 7,600 students and around 350 teachers. For this study, participants consist of a sample of 117 full-time teachers who were…

Alvarez, Roberto

2008-01-01

195

An Experiment to Test the Feasibility and Quality of a Web-Based Questionnaire of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of web-based surveys to gather information from teachers has become increasingly common primarily based on the premise that they can reduce costs. Yet, relatively, little is known about the quality or cost effectiveness of web-based versus mail surveys for teachers. To study the efficacy of web-based teacher surveys, the author randomly…

Jacob, Robin Tepper

2011-01-01

196

Emotional Experience, Expression, and Regulation of High-Quality Japanese Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigates the emotional experience, expression, and regulation processes of high-quality Japanese elementary school teachers while they interact with children, in terms of teachers' emotional competence. Qualitative analysis of interview data demonstrated that teachers had various emotional experiences including self-elicited…

Hosotani, Rika; Imai-Matsumura, Kyoko

2011-01-01

197

Enhancing teacher assessment practices in South African schools: Evaluation of the assessment resource banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effective use of assessment by teachers can have a significant impact on improving learning. However, teachers require adequate support and appropriate resources to enhance their classroom assessment practices. This article reports on the results of a study which evaluated the effectiveness of Assessment Resource Banks (ARBs) for supporting teachers in rural primary schools to improve their classroom assessment practices.

Anil Kanjee

2009-01-01

198

Enhancing Art Teacher Education with New Technologies: Research Possibilities and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers ways that technology can enhance teaching and research within the preservice classroom and assist research into national issues affecting art teacher education. Recommends a more thorough integration of multimedia technology into preservice teacher art education. Discusses Internet sites of particular interest to teachers. (MJP)|

Galbraith, Lynn

1997-01-01

199

Science Education in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Putting Forward a Case to Enhance Student Teachers' Confidence and Competence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Zealand is moving towards increased qualification requirements for early childhood educators. There is an underlying assumption that there is a correlation between quality early childhood education, teacher qualifications and quality practices in teaching and learning. Two fields of literature, early childhood pedagogy and science specific pedagogy, are reviewed briefly to provide a framework with which to consider why student teachers' attitudes, misunderstandings and misconceptions in science can limit their ability and willingness to create quality teaching and learning opportunities. The study reported in this paper highlights, in general, that early childhood student teachers' subject knowledge in science was poor. It also emerged that the student teachers were unaware of how little they knew and how this might affect their ability to provide appropriate science experiences for young children.

Garbett, Dawn

2003-08-01

200

Using distance education and ICT to improve access, equity and the quality in rural teachers' professional development in western China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of 'teacher quality for all' is proving difficult to achieve in many countries, especially in rural areas, yet teacher quality is a key determinant of students' participation rates and achievement levels. It also affects the attainment of social justice in terms of equity in educational quality for students. One contributor to teacher quality is professional development though limits

Bernadette Robinson

201

Power quality affects teacher wellbeing and student behavior in three Minnesota Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPoor power quality (dirty electricity) is ubiquitous especially in schools with fluorescent lights and computers. Previous studies have shown a relationship between power quality and student behavior\\/teacher health.

Magda Havas; Angela Olstad

2008-01-01

202

Utilizing Video Protocols To Enhance Teacher Reflective Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order for prospective teachers to become aware of the consequences of their actions and behaviors and to become more reflective about their teaching and their role as teachers, teacher education programs must incorporate interventions that allow novice teachers to become actively involved in the process of applying the theory of teaching to…

Pape, Sharon; McIntyre, D. John

203

Preschool Teachers' Sense of Community, Instructional Quality, and Children's Language and Literacy Gains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: This study investigated relations among preschool teachers' (n = 75) sense of community, classroom language and literacy instructional quality, and children's (n = 398) gains in vocabulary and print concept knowledge during an academic year. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) results indicated that teachers' language and literacy instructional quality significantly predicted children's gains in print concept knowledge. Also, HLM results revealed significant interactions

Ying Guo; Joan N. Kaderavek; Shayne B. Piasta; Laura M. Justice; Anita McGinty

2011-01-01

204

Evaluating EFL Intermediate Teachers' Performance in the Light of Quality Standards in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present research aimed at four points: First, Identifying the most appropriate standards of EFL Saudi teachers' performance in the light of quality standards. Second, designing an objective and comprehensive evaluation rubric based on quality standards to evaluate EFL Saudi intermediate teachers' performance. Third, determining to what extent…

Al-Thumali, Amani Dakheel Allah

2011-01-01

205

Effects of Teacher Quality of Work Life in Secondary Schools on Commitment and Sense of Efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the way in which teachersquality of work life contributes to their commitment to work and their sense of efficacy. First, a model that ties organizational characteristics of the work place to important behaviors, attitudes and psychological characteristics of teachers that effect their teaching is presented. Second, measures of quality of work life in eight schools are

Karen Seashore Louis

1998-01-01

206

Quality of Teaching Faculty in Public Sector Universities of Pakistan as Viewed by Teachers Themselves  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research article discusses quality of faculty in public sector universities of Pakistan. All the teachers of public sector universities of Pakistan constituted the population. From the cluster of twelve public sector universities, 300 teachers were selected as a sample. A questionnaire for faculty members was administered at 5-point rating scale in order to collect their views about the quality

Sajid Rehman; Aijaz Ahmed Gujjar; Shafqat Ali Khan; Javed Iqbal

2009-01-01

207

Relations among Preschool Teachers' Self-Efficacy, Classroom Quality, and Children's Language and Literacy Gains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relations among preschool teachers' self-efficacy (n = 67), classroom quality (instructional and emotional support), and children's (n = 328) gains in print awareness and vocabulary knowledge over an academic year in the US. Results indicated that teachers' self-efficacy and classroom quality served as significant and…

Guo, Ying; Piasta, Shayne B.; Justice, Laura M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.

2010-01-01

208

Humanistic Qualities of the Teacher as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Bahrain and Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of this study was to identify the main qualities of the teacher as a person as perceived by university students in Bahrain and Kuwait. A 25-item questionnaire, which reflected the basic humanistic qualities of the teacher as related to effective teaching, was designed and then administered to a random sample of 520 students enrolled…

Al-Musawi, Nu'man; Karam, Ebraheem M.

2011-01-01

209

Creating a Quality Higher Education Teacher Base and Measures for Undertaking Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Significant achievements have been made in the quality of the teacher base in China's higher education institutions, yet problems remain that cannot be ignored. Higher education institutions must therefore cultivate the concept of scientific development, become more knowledgeable, and set up policy mechanisms to improve the quality of the teacher

Wei, Jiang

2005-01-01

210

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2013-07-01

211

Science Education in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Putting Forward a Case to Enhance Student Teachers' Confidence and Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

New Zealand is moving towards increased qualification requirements for early childhood educators. There is an underlying assumption that there is a correlation between quality early childhood education, teacher qualifications and quality practices in teaching and learning. Two fields of literature, early childhood pedagogy and science specific pedagogy, are reviewed briefly to provide a framework with which to consider why student

Dawn Garbett

2003-01-01

212

Good teachers on dangerous ground: towards a new view of teacher quality and professionalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ideas about what makes a good teacher are important in thinking about educational reform, and have come into focus recently. These ideas are contested and open to change. The first part of this paper traces models of the good teacher in Australia from the colonial-era good servant, through an ideal of the autonomous scholar-teacher, to contemporary lists of teacher competencies.

Raewyn Connell

2009-01-01

213

In Search of Good Teachers: Patterns of Teacher Quality in Two Mexican States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study uses longitudinal data from Mexico's Carrera Magisterial teacher incentive program to identify teacher attributes that are positively associated with student test scores and to describe how teachers with these attributes are distributed across schools in two diverse Mexican states, Aguascalientes and Sonora. I find that teachers'…

Luschei, Thomas F.

2012-01-01

214

Life in the Fast Track: How States Seek to Balance Incentives and Quality in Alternative Teacher Certification Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prospect of overseeing the rapid preparation of many participants in fast-track alternative certification programs presents several challenges for state education officials who seek to maintain, or even enhance, the quality of the state’s teaching force. This study examined a range of fast-track alternative teacher certification programs in 11 sites in three states—Connecticut, Louisiana, and Massachusetts. We found that participants

Susan Moore Johnson; Sarah E. Birkeland; Heather G. Peske

2005-01-01

215

Talent Development for the Talent Developers: Identifying and Developing the Qualities of Effective Teachers of Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper contains a literature review concerning the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted. The research analysed 15 empirical studies and identified several common qualities of effective teachers. It is proposed that the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted are equivalent to talents in Gagne's differentiated model of…

Slatter, Christopher John

2008-01-01

216

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

217

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

218

Enhancing Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Preservice Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preservice teachers are key element to shape students' attributes and key factor affecting to motivate students to have achievement in learning behaviors. This study aims to investigate pedagogical content knowledge of preservice teachers. Forty three preservice science teachers participated the study, inquiry-based instruction was implemented in…

Nuangchalerm, Prasart

2012-01-01

219

Developing Evidence & Gathering Data about Teacher Education Program Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linking teacher practice to pupil outcomes has proven challenging for teacher educators. Methodological problems occur when linking individual teacher actions with subsequent pupil performance, including substantial intervening variables, questions about appropriate measures of student learning, issues regarding the lack of test standardization…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2007

2007-01-01

220

Federal Role in Teacher Quality: "Redefinition" or Policy Alignment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although state attention to teacher preparation and professional development began more than 150 years ago with the provision of teacher education in Massachusetts, the federal government did not get involved in teacher preparation and development until the late 1950s. Even then, Washington lawmakers generally restricted their activities to…

Cohen-Vogel, Lora

2005-01-01

221

Videotaping: A tool for enhancing the teacher’s understanding of cognitive science and teacher self-development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Follow-up research is required to investigate the effects of our beginning teacher preparation programs for secondary science\\u000a teachers on classroom performance, student achievement, and higher order mental functioning of classroom teachers. Nevertheless,\\u000a preliminary indications from working with students during the last several years show many encouraging outcomes among beginning\\u000a teachers, including: increased knowledge of cognitive science, especially applications in instruction

George E. O’Brien; Willard W. Korth

1991-01-01

222

An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and…

Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

2012-01-01

223

Secretary's Annual Report on Teacher Quality: Meeting the Highly Qualified Teachers Challenge.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Few adults are as important in the lives of children as teachers are. Ensuring that all students have access to highly qualified teachers is of paramount importance, especially for disadvantaged children. Fulfilling the promise of leaving no child behind ...

2002-01-01

224

The enhancement of primary students’ participation in science through teacher’s questioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers' questioning is an integral part of the teaching-learning process. It is an extensively researched topic due to its heavy influence on students' learning and participation, in all disciplines. Most of the researchers have focused on identifying the relationship between teachers' questioning and students' outcomes i.e. learning. Moreover, most of the studies in the area of teacher's questioning have been

Mehrunnisa

2000-01-01

225

Using Microteaching to Enhance Teacher Efficacy in Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined pre-service teachers' efficacy in relation to the utilisation of microteaching as an assessment tool for postgraduate education students in Australia. Three hundred and fifteen pre-service teachers completed the teacher efficacy survey and additional qualitative questions at Time 1 and 208 completed the survey and questions at…

Mergler, Amanda G.; Tangen, D.

2010-01-01

226

Facing the Classroom Challenge Teacher Quality and Teacher Training in California's Schools of Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the empirical evidence, teacher-centered instructional methods, where teachers transmit knowledge and information to their students, are more effective in raising student achievement than student-centered methods, where teachers act as facilitators so that students can discover knowl- edge for themselves. Yet a survey of documents and required readings at a sample of California State University (CSU) schools of education

Lance T. Izumi; Gwynne Coburn

227

The National Teacher Enhancement Program (K-8) coordinated by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Teachers need help, not harassment. So do the establishments in which teachers practice their profession. Community resources must be marshalled to provide help to local schools and teachers. In 1990 the National Science Foundation (NSF) established a unique educational activity named the National Teacher Enhancement Program (NTEP). NSF took advantage of the Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored educational programs and resources at several large DOE contractor labs that had had prior experience with DOE supported teacher enhancement programs. While DOE concentrated on teacher enhancement activities for secondary teachers, the NSF concentrated on teachers from grades K-8. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is the lead organization for both administering and coordinating the grant. Other participating laboratories are Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FERMI), Battelle-Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL) with some support functions provided by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU). The program calls for a three week duration workshop to be conducted at each lab followed by in-service training and other activities during the year. The NSF/NTEP protocol calls for networking among the participating organizations and some of the teachers. An assessment effort is also an integral part of the program. 2 refs.

Richmond, C.R.

1991-01-01

228

Reflections upon Teacher Education in Severe Difficulties in the USA: Shared Concerns about Quantity and Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, Phyllis Jones of the Department of Special Education at the University of South Florida and Elizabeth West from the University of Washington explore key issues in respect to teacher education for teachers who teach pupils with severe and profound learning difficulties in the USA. Issues relating to quantity and quality of…

Jones, Phyllis; West, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

229

The Effects of Los Angeles Universal Preschool on Quality Preschool Teacher Retention in Los Angeles County  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine if the implementation of Los Angeles Universal Preschool (LAUP) programs has a positive effect on the retention of quality preschool teachers in Los Angeles County. In prior work, preschool teacher retention is associated with wages, program structure, program process, professional development, and…

Lopez Stevens, Holly Anne

2010-01-01

230

Update on the Commission's Improving Teacher Quality Grants Program. Commission Report 08-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief report provides an update on the status of the Commission's Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) Program, now in the midst of its 2008 competition to provide teacher professional development grants to California colleges and universities. The 2008 Request for Proposals was released in early March. Technical assistance meetings to explain…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

231

Improving Teacher Quality Program: Current Grants and Upcoming Activities. Commission Report 08-26  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several hundred teachers and thousands of students are benefiting from professional development projects that operate all over California under the auspices of the California Postsecondary Education Commission. The Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program provides federal funds from the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 to universities that…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

232

Teacher Knowledge, Curriculum Materials, and Quality of Instruction: Unpacking a Complex Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The set of papers presented in this issue comprise a multiple-case study which attends to instructional resources--teacher knowledge and curriculum materials--to understand how they individually and jointly contribute to instructional quality. We approach this inquiry by comparing lessons taught by teachers with differing mathematical knowledge…

Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Hill, Heather C.

2012-01-01

233

The Commission's Improving Teacher Quality Program: 2008 Initiatives. Commission Report 08-08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of activities are progressing in the Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) program, the federally funded program that the Commission administers to provide professional development to California educators. This program is part of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), and continues the work that began as the Eisenhower Teacher

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

234

Allocating Quality: Collective Bargaining Agreements and Administrative Discretion over Teacher Assignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: School leaders argue that to make the improvements in both quality and equity that government mandates demand, they need more flexibility with regard to personnel management--specifically, teacher assignment. According to some, such flexibility is constrained by collective bargaining between teachers unions and school districts.…

Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

2007-01-01

235

Recruitment of Future High Quality Urban Mathematics Teachers: A Process of Instrument Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we share our approach and current progress in the development of a research- based recruitment instrument that will be used in selecting students for an initial preparation program. This instrument will facilitate the selection of future teachers of secondary mathematics who possess the potential to become high quality teachers

Pier A.; Junor-Clarke; Thomas, Christine D.; Vidakovic, Draga

2007-01-01

236

The Academic Quality of Public School Teachers: An Analysis of Entry and Exit Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigate how the labor market decisions of recent college graduates, new teachers, and employers affect the academic quality of the teaching workforce in public schools. They use a rich longitudinal data set of Missouri college graduates and public school teachers to examine the behavior of college graduates concerning an initial…

Podgursky, Michael; Monroe, Ryan; Watson, Donald

2004-01-01

237

Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience, professional qualification and teacher academic qualification). It also sought to determine the extent to

Babalola J. Ogunkola; Ramona E. Archer-Bradshaw

2011-01-01

238

Quality Enhancement Research Initiative in Mental Health.  

PubMed

The Veterans Administration (VA) recently introduced its Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) to facilitate the translation of best practices into usual clinical care. The Mental Health QUERI (MHQ) was charged with developing strategic plans for major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia. Twenty percent or more of VA service users are affected by 1 of these 2 disorders, disorders that often have a devastating impact on affected individuals. Despite the increasing availability of efficacious treatments for each disorder, substantial gaps remain between best practices and routine care. In this context, the MHQ identified steps critical to the success of a sustained process of rapid-cycle health care improvement for MDD and schizophrenia, including research initiatives to close gaps in knowledge of best treatment practices, demonstration projects to close gaps in practice and to expand understanding of effective strategies for implementing clinical guidelines, targeted enhancements of the VA information system, and research and dissemination initiatives to increase the availability of resources to support the accelerated incorporation of best practices into routine care. This article presents an overview of the elements in the initial MHQ strategic plans and the rationale behind them. PMID:10843272

Fischer, E P; Marder, S R; Smith, G R; Owen, R R; Rubenstein, L; Hedrick, S C; Curran, G M

2000-06-01

239

Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal.…

Garbett, Dawn

2011-01-01

240

Engaging Preservice Teachers in Action Research to Enhance Awareness of Second Language Learning and Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines a study on how preservice teachers enhance their understanding of theory and research in second language learning through an action research project that took place in a TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) education course. The study focuses on how interaction with English language learners (ELLs)…

Zainuddin, Hanizah; Moore, Rashid A.

2004-01-01

241

ESL Coteaching and Collaboration: Opportunities to Develop Teacher Leadership and Enhance Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Across the United States, mainstream and English as a second language (ESL) teachers have been sharing their expertise using coteaching and collaboration strategies gleaned from their counterparts in special education inclusion classrooms. These teacher leaders are working together to enhance instruction for their English language learner (ELL)…

Dove, Maria; Honigsfeld, Andrea

2010-01-01

242

Identifying barriers to technology-enhanced learning environments in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creating technology-enhanced learning environments is a particularly challenging task when the environment includes a complex set of actual and virtual features. The challenge is readily evident in teacher education programs attempting to prepare future educators to use technology in their teaching. Unfortunately, most of these attempts have been marginally successful. What factors are restraining teacher education programs in terms of

John Wedman; Laura Diggs

2001-01-01

243

Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal.…

Garbett, Dawn

2011-01-01

244

Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Public Schools Keeping Their Best? CEDR Working Paper No. 2010-2.0  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we examine the mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality, measured using value-added estimates of teacher performance. Unlike previous studies that have examined these issues, we focus on the variation in these effects across the effectiveness distribution. We find that, on average, more effective teachers tend to stay in…

Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

2010-01-01

245

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

246

Ideas Exchange: How Do You Use NASPE's Teacher Toolbox to Enhance Professional Activities with Students, Sport or Physical Education Lessons, Faculty Wellness Classes or Community Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|NASPE's Teacher Toolbox is an instructional resource site which provides educators with a wide variety of teaching tools that focus on physical activity. This service is provided by NASPE to support instructional activities as well as promote quality programs. New monthly issues support NASPE's mission to enhance knowledge, improve professional…

Simpkins, Mary Ann; McNeill, Shane; Dieckman, Dale; Sissom, Mark; LoBianco, Judy; Lund, Jackie; Barney, David C.; Manson, Mara; Silva, Betsy

2009-01-01

247

An experiment to test the feasibility and quality of a web-based questionnaire of teachers.  

PubMed

The use of web-based surveys to gather information from teachers has become increasingly common primarily based on the premise that they can reduce costs. Yet, relatively, little is known about the quality or cost effectiveness of web-based versus mail surveys for teachers. To study the efficacy of web-based teacher surveys, the author randomly assigned a nationally representative sample of 877 elementary school teachers to a paper or web survey mode. The cost savings from the web administration were not enough to offset the loss of sample due to missing/inaccurate email addresses and the lower response rates that resulted from the web survey. PMID:21429914

Jacob, Robin Tepper

2011-02-01

248

Implementing the No Child Left Behind Act: Teacher Quality Improves Student Achievement. NCREL Quick Key 8 Action Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The NCLB teacher-quality provisions are driven by research that documents the importance of teacher quality on student achievement and in closing achievement gaps. Indeed based on findings such as those indicating that (1) minority and low income students are disproportionately taught by under qualified school teachers; and (2) disadvantaged…

Learning Point Associates / North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL), 2005

2005-01-01

249

From Highly Qualified to High Quality: An Imperative for Policy and Research to Recast the Teacher Mold  

Microsoft Academic Search

policymakersistheissueofhowbesttoinvestinteacher quality. In fact, approximately one-third of the papers presented at the 2007 American Education Finance Association (AEFA) conference were dedicated to research on teacher issues. The attention given to teachers as an educationinputisnotsurprising.Weknowthatteachers are the single most expensive and the single most important resource provided to students. A quality teacher in every classroom is clearly a cornerstone for providing

Jennifer King Rice

2008-01-01

250

The Political Economy of Teacher Quality in School MathematicsAfrican American Males, Opportunity Structures, Politics, and Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mathematics education is linked to modern technological advancement, citizenship, and matters of political economy. Access to quality mathematics teachers can have a profound influence on African American males. This article focuses on several salient issues related to the question “What is a qualified teacher?” In particular, the article describes common concerns and challenges associated with teacher quality and the advancement

William F. Tate

2008-01-01

251

How Can Video Supported Reflection Enhance Teachers' Professional Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper responds to Eva Lundqvist, Jonas Almqvist and Leif Ostman's account of how the manner of teaching can strongly influence pupil learning by recommending video supported reflection as a means by which teachers can transform the nature of their practice. Given the complex nature of the many conditions which influence and control teachers'…

McCullagh, John F.

2012-01-01

252

Enhancing Reflection by Pre-Service Teachers through Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this third of four articles discussing the introduction of action research to a class of pre-service teachers, Julian and Dianne draw upon reflections written by students in their teacher program to examine the degree to which engaging in action research heightens their self-awareness.|

Kitchen, Julian; Stevens, Dianne

2004-01-01

253

Enhancing Professionalism? Teachers' Voices on Continuing Professional Development in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the concept of continuing professional development (CPD) for teachers in Scotland in an education system undergoing change. It considers the curricular and political changes which affect the nature of CPD considered appropriate and relevant for teachers. This article reports on one small-scale qualitative study into…

MacDonald Grieve, Ann; McGinley, Brian Peter

2010-01-01

254

Implementing Promising Practices to Prepare Quality Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The United States does more than just talk; it invests a lot of money in public education. While students are the major focus of concern, teachers are a mainstay in the enterprise. In 2002, the U.S. invested $192 billion in teacher pay and benefits. More than 50% of all dollars allocated by the government for education is paid in salaries for…

Gentry, Ruben

2012-01-01

255

The effect of teacher quality on the achievement of students in Integrated Physics and Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For many years, researchers, policy makers, and the education community have explored various school variables and their impact on student achievement (Darling-Hammond, 2000; Ferguson and Womack 1993; Ferguson and Ladd 1996; Rice, 2003; Rockoff, 2003; Rowan, Chiang, and Miller 1997; Sanders and Horn, 1996; Wright Horn and Sanders, 1997). Invariably, the issue of teacher quality arises. Teacher quality is the single most influential factor under school control that affects student achievement (Darling-Hammond, 2000; Rice, 2003; Rockoff, 2003; Sanders and Horn, 1996; Wright Horn and Sanders, 1997). Generally, students taught by highly qualified teachers perform better on standardized tests than students with less qualified teachers (Ferguson and Womack 1993; Ferguson and Ladd 1996; Rowan, Chiang, and Miller 1997). Previous research indicates that teachers indeed matter for the improvement of student achievement, but getting good measures of what is meant by teacher quality is a continuing challenge (Goldhaber, 2002). The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of teacher quality on the achievement of students in Integrated Physics and Chemistry (IPC). In order to achieve this purpose, this study addressed the following research question: chemistry and physics teachers compare to the achievement of students taught by less-qualified IPC teachers? A causal-comparative methodology was employed to address this research question. The independent variable was teacher quality---highly-qualified or less qualified. The teacher attributes that were examined in this study are: (1) teachers' educational background; (2) content knowledge; (3) pedagogical knowledge; and (4) certification. The dependent variable was student achievement in integrated physics and chemistry, as measured by an end-of-course IPC District Assessment of Curriculum, IPC DAC. Descriptive statistics were computed for the independent variable in the study. A Chi Square was performed on the data, utilizing SPSS version 12.0.1 software. Next a test of statistical significance was done to determine whether the null hypothesis could be rejected; and whether or not the research hypothesis could be accepted. Since this is a causal comparative design with only two groups in which student achievement was measured by a test that will yield raw scores, a Chi Square was conducted to determine whether the pass rates of the two groups of students based on obtained and expected percentages were statistically significantly different A Chi Square value of 4.29 was obtained, which indicates that the pass rate for students of highly-qualified teachers was statistically significantly higher than for students of less-qualified teachers. For the purpose of this study a criterion value of (p<.05) was used.

Alexander, Rima

256

Enhancing Prospective Teachers' Coordination of Center and Spread: A Window into Teacher Education Material Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes a development and evaluation process used to create teacher education materials that help prepare middle and secondary mathematics teachers to teach data analysis and probability concepts with technology tools. One aspect of statistical reasoning needed for teaching is the ability to coordinate understandings of center and…

Lee, Hollylynne S.; Lee, J. Todd

2011-01-01

257

Enhancing Program Quality in Science and Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the early 1990s, staff from the National Center for Improving Science Education (NCISE), the various Department of Education (DOE) National Laboratories, and the DOE's Office of Science Education Programs embarked on a 5-year project to develop a process to document what programs the National Laboratories were offering for teachers and…

Kaser, Joyce S.; Bourexis, Patricia S.; Loucks-Horsley, Susan; Raizen, Senta A.

258

34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...become highly qualified and effective classroom teachers; (ii...to eligible private school students under § 200.62, are highly...recruitment programs, or other effective strategies, minority students and students from...

2013-07-01

259

Quality Enhancement on E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Benchmarking, a method for quality assurance has not been very commonly used in higher education with regard to e-learning. Today, e-learning is an integral part of higher education, and so should also be an integral part of quality assurance systems. However, quality indicators, benchmarks and critical success factors on e-learning have…

Ossiannilsson, E. S. I.

2012-01-01

260

Progress Revisited: The Quality of (Work)Life of Women Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the elusive concept of "Quality of Life" of women teachers in Canada. It is clear that both gender and profession mediate quality of life and overlap in ways researchers are just beginning to understand. The experiences of men have been the yardstick against which women's progress in the teaching profession has been measured.…

Canadian Teachers' Federation, Ottawa (Ontario).

261

Effects of Teacher Quality Work Life in Secondary Schools on Commitment and Sense of Efficacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores how teachers' quality of working life contributes to their commitment to work and sense of efficacy in eight schools. Presents a model that ties workplace characteristics to important behaviors, attitudes, and psychological characteristics affecting teaching. Classroom observation and survey data suggest that quality-of-work-life…

Louis, Karen Seashore

1998-01-01

262

The Role of Teachers, Schools, and Communities in Quality Education: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper reviews a select body of literature that focuses on the role of teachers, schools, and communities at the local level in creating quality education in less-developed countries. The review asserts that understanding what is happening in schools and classrooms is a precondition for shaping more effective quality improvement strategies.…

Leu, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

263

Para-teacher scheme and quality education for all in India: policy perspectives and challenges for school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improvement in the quality, efficiency, and equity of education, to a considerable extent, depends on the nexus of teaching and learning, which is in turn influenced by the quality of teachers. The teacher has been identified as the single most important factor influencing the quality of education by the Indian Education Commission and the National Policy on Education. Consequently, the

Saroj Pandey

264

Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing Quality Culture. ENQA Workshop Report 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK), organised a seminar on theme "Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing quality culture" which was held on 8-9 June, 2010 in London, United Kingdom. The seminar marked the fourth annual meeting of the ENQA IQA Group…

ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), 2010

2010-01-01

265

Assessment Practices: Empowering Mathematics and Science Teachers in Rural Secondary Schools to Enhance Student Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aligned with recent changes to syllabuses in Australia is an assessment regime requiring teachers to identify what their students\\u000a ‘know’ and ‘can do’ in terms of the quality of understanding demonstrated. This paper describes the experiences of 25 secondary\\u000a science and mathematics teachers in rural schools in New South Wales as they explore the changing nature of assessment and\\u000a its

Debra Panizzon; John Pegg

2008-01-01

266

Students' estimates of knowledge gained as measures of the quality of teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

One set of measures of the quality of courses for the preparation of science teachers stems from the perceptions exit students\\u000a have of their knowledge with respect to that teaching. The Discipline Review of Teacher Education in Mathematics and Science\\u000a surveyed these students late in 1988 on three broad types of knowledge-science content knowledge, curriculum knowledge, and\\u000a pedagogical knowledge. Some

Peter Fensham; Kathiravelu Navaratnam; Warren Jones; Leo West

1991-01-01

267

MTU-pre-service teacher enhancement program. Final report, September 1992--May 1995  

SciTech Connect

The MTU Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program was a two year extended project designed to introduce a select group of science and engineering undergraduate students, with good {open_quotes}people skills,{close_quotes} to the teaching profession. Participants were paid for their time spent with area teacher/mentors and were involved in a variety of in school activities, projects and observations to illustrate the teaching profession. They were encouraged to consider the teaching profession as a future career option. The student participants, however, were under no obligation to enter the Teacher Education Program at the conclusion of the program.

Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.J.

1996-01-01

268

How can video supported reflection enhance teachers' professional development?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper responds to Eva Lundqvist, Jonas Almqvist and Leif Ostman's account of how the manner of teaching can strongly influence pupil learning by recommending video supported reflection as a means by which teachers can transform the nature of their practice. Given the complex nature of the many conditions which influence and control teachers' actions the reframing of routine practice through reflection-in-action can prove challenging. This response paper describes how video can empower teachers to take greater control of their progress and allows for a more social constructivist approach to professional development. Along with a consideration of the difficulties associated with the notion of `reflection' and a short case study, the paper uses Lev Semenovich Vygotsky's zone of proximal development and the notion of scaffolding to propose that video offers a Video Supported Zone of Proximal Development which can ease the process of teacher development. In capturing permanent and exchangeable representations of practice video encourages a collaborative approach to reflection and is consistent with the original ideas of John Dewey.

McCullagh, John F.

2012-03-01

269

Enhancing Teacher Well-Being: Put On Your Oxygen Masks!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Every day, teachers have the opportunity to have great impact on the lives of children through their leadership in the classroom. Their positive influence in the classroom is critical to meeting the challenges of educating and guiding young minds to their full potential. Recent research offers a number of strategies for promoting the five…

Hills, Kimberly J.; Robinson, Ashley

2010-01-01

270

Image Quality Measures for Fingerprint Image Enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fingerprint image quality is an important factor in the perf ormance of Automatic Fingerprint Identification Systems(AFIS). It is used to evaluate the system performance, assess enrollment acceptability, and evaluate fingerprint sensors. This paper presents a novel methodology for fingerp rint image quality measurement. We propose limited ring-wedge spectral measure to estimate the global fingerprint image features, and inhomogeneity with d

Chaohong Wu; Sergey Tulyakov; Venu Govindaraju

2006-01-01

271

ENHANCING SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION THROUGH QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The basic features of the Quality Assurance Program have been in existence since the early 1980's, but this poster will highlight some topics that have emerged more recently, in particular the Agency's laboratory competency policy, the information quality guidelines, and scientif...

272

Learning from Collaboration: The Role of Teacher Qualities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In special education, professional collaboration is viewed as a powerful tool for helping teachers serve students with disabilities. An underlying assumption is that general educators will improve practice if they have opportunities to participate in collaborative professional development aimed at improving instruction for students with…

Brownell, Mary T.; Adams, Alyson; Sindelar, Paul; Waldron, Nancy; Vanhover, Stephanie

2006-01-01

273

A National Focus: The Recruitment, Retention, and Development of Quality Teachers in Hard-to-Staff Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A shortage of quality teachers in high-risk urban schools has compelled school leaders to examine innovative methods of recruiting and retaining new teachers to hard-to-staff campuses. Principals must work aggressively to attract new teachers to their campuses by forming university partnerships for early recruitment, and initiating on the job…

Morgan, Misti M.; Kritsonis, William Allan

2008-01-01

274

The Association between Externalizing Behavior Problems, Teacher-Student Relationship Quality, and Academic Performance in Young Urban Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined the relation between teacher ratings of student social functioning and academic performance and teacher-student relationship quality. Data were collected from 230 students and 20 teachers in two high-poverty, low-performing schools in a large urban school district in the Midwest. Students were 93% African American.…

Sanchez Fowler, Laura T.; Banks, Tachelle I.; Anhalt, Karla; Der, Heidi Hinrichs; Kalis, Tara

2008-01-01

275

Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience,…

Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

2013-01-01

276

The Role of the Mentor in Supporting New Teachers: Associations with Self-Efficacy, Reflection, and Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In our study, we examined variation in mentoring aspects of an induction program for 77 novice teachers and associations with self-efficacy, reflection, and quality of student-teacher interactions. Mentors' previous experience and full- vs. part-time status predicted novices' perception of support, reflection, and observed student-teacher

LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Davis, Emily; Wiens, Peter; Pianta, Robert

2012-01-01

277

A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

2011-01-01

278

Providing Chemistry Teachers with Opportunities to Enhance Their Knowledge in Contemporary Scientific Areas: A Three-Stage Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to help teachers to bring their students into contact with the frontiers of chemistry, a special program for enhancing chemistry teachers' content knowledge as well as their pedagogical knowledge was launched at the Weizmann Institute of Science. The program, which was specifically designed for the chemistry teachers, consists of three…

Mamlok-Naaman, Rachel; Blonder, Ron; Hofstein, Avi

2010-01-01

279

A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

2011-01-01

280

Online Learning Community Development with Teachers as a Means of Enhancing Initial Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A purpose-built blend of teaching and learning activities was used with trainee teachers on a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) course, and subsequently evaluated in a cyclical action research study, over a period of two years. The purpose of the blend was to engender the formation of a learning community, by giving them access to each…

Hramiak, Alison

2010-01-01

281

TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION TEACHER DEVELOPMENT IN SOLOMON ISLANDS: ENHANCING TEACHERS' PERCEPTIONS AND CLASSROOM PRACTICES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology education in the Solomon Islands is in the process of change with the curriculum being developed into a more broad technological literacy approach, comprising of technological knowledge, technological practices, and the nature of technology. This paper is based on a two-year study (2005 and 2006) with 8 secondary technology education teachers in the Solomon Islands. The first year of

D. Sade; J. Moreland; A. Jones

282

Teacher Research in Secondary Education: Effects on Teachers' Professional and School Development, and Issues of Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an empirical exploration of three initiatives in which teachers in secondary education (learn to) research their own practice in collaboration with university-based research institutes, aiming at professional development and knowledge construction. We found evidence of professional development, mainly at the level of the…

Meijer, Paulien C.; Oolbekkink, Helma W.; Meirink, Jacobiene A.; Lockhorst, Ditte

2013-01-01

283

Pre-Service Teachers: Dispositional Traits, Emotional States, and Quality of Teacher-Student Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Given the interactive nature of teaching, dispositional characteristics (i.e., traits that dispose a person towards certain behaviors, choices, and experiences) like assertiveness and openness or emotional states such as sadness, worry, and stress may play important roles in a teacher's ability to interact in meaningful, engaging, and effective…

Ripski, Michael B.; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Decker, Lauren

2011-01-01

284

The Teacher and the World: A Study of Cosmopolitanism as Education. Teacher Quality and School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers over the world over are seeking creative ways to respond to the problems and possibilities generated by globalization. Many of them work with children and youth from increasingly varied backgrounds, with diverse needs and capabilities. Others work with homogeneous populations and yet are aware that their students will encounter many…

Hansen, David

2011-01-01

285

Secretary's Fifth Annual Report on Teacher Quality: A Highly Qualified Teacher in Every Classroom.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) mandated that all core subjects be taught by highly qualified teachers by the conclusion of the 2005-06 school year, and this report documents our nations progress toward that goal. With the support of Congress,...

2006-01-01

286

Secretary's Fourth Annual Report on Teacher Quality: A Highly Qualified Teacher in Every Classroom.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the enactment of No Child Left Behind and the Title II accountability provisions of the Higher Education Act (HEA), the Department has been collecting and analyzing data on the preparation of novice teachers. This report summarizes the 2004 Title II...

2005-01-01

287

Teachers Pressing for Quality Teaching: Lessons from Content Teachers of English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ExCEL Project, sponsored by the Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA) is described. The program enlists teachers in directing their own professional learning and practice. [This document originally appeared in the "IDRA Newsletter", however some accompanying charts and graphs may not be provided here.

Dieckmann, Jack

2004-01-01

288

The Qualities of Effective Teachers of High Ability Female Secondary School Students in Singapore: A Comparison of Teachers' and Students' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of high ability students (n = 32) described the qualities of their most effective teachers through a written essay. Analysis of the essays identified 30 different themes within four domains. These themes were used to construct a Likert scale survey and an ipsative comparison which were both administered to 42 teachers and 300 students at a…

Slatter, Christopher John

2010-01-01

289

Objective Quality Assessment Measurement for Typhoon Cloud Image Enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are kinds of enhancement methods for satellite image, however, visual quality of them are basically assessed by human\\u000a eyes. This can result in wrong identification. This will result in wrong prediction for center and intensity of the typhoon.\\u000a It is necessary to find an objective measure to evaluate the visual quality for enhanced typhoon cloud image. In order to

Changjiang Zhang; Juan Lu; Jinshan Wang

2009-01-01

290

State and Local Implementation of the "No Child Left Behind Act." Volume II--Teacher Quality under "NCLB": Interim Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents findings about teacher quality from two longitudinal studies, the National Longitudinal Study of "No Child Left Behind" (NLS-"NCLB"), and the Study of State Implementation of Accountability and Teacher Quality Under "No Child Left Behind" (SSI-"NCLB"). The research teams for these two studies have collaborated to provide an…

Birman, Beatrice F.; Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Klekotka, Amy; Ludwig, Meredith; Taylor, James; Walters, Kirk; Wayne, Andrew; Yoon, Kwang-Suk

2007-01-01

291

Enhancing Teaching Quality through Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the introduction of peer review of teaching in a pre-1992 university in England. The paper first considers the theoretical dimensions. Peer review of teaching is generally seen as a quality enhancement rather than a quality assurance instrument and a powerful means of encouraging the continuing professional development of…

Lomas, Laurie; Nicholls, Gill

2005-01-01

292

The Review of Teacher Education Programmes and Transformational Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Higher Education Quality Committee's definition of quality (HEQC 2001) includes standard elements familiar to other higher education systems as well as elements specific to South Africa's own contextual priorities and purposes. These elements are fitness for and of purpose, value for money, and individual and social transformation (Singh…

Bitzer, E.; Botha, J.; Menkveld, H.

2008-01-01

293

Professional Development Schools (PDSs) and Social Justice Education: Alternative Notions of "Quality" for Future City Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether explicitly or implicitly, questioning and reformulating the purposes of public schools continues to be both a popular public and policy maker past time. Yet, few current definitions and assessments of school or teacher "quality" consider the social justice-oriented characteristics the authors of this article recognize as most important in…

Zenkov, Kristien; Corrigan, Diane; Beebe, Ronald S.; Sells, Sarah; Sell, Corey

2013-01-01

294

Parent Involvement as a Predictor of Teacher–Child Relationship Quality in Third Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Research on teacher–child relationships is important, as the quality of this relationship is linked to numerous child outcomes in the areas of academic and social functioning. In addition, parent involvement has been identified as a significant factor in the successful development of a child. This study attempted to join these two lines of research by assessing the extent

Amanda J. Wyrick; Kathleen Moritz Rudasill

2009-01-01

295

The Role of Psychological and Developmental Science in Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Theory, methods, and knowledge gained from years of study in psychological science and human development apply to the understanding and improvement of teacher quality and, ultimately, student achievement and social and emotional outcomes. With these applications, educational research has stronger potential to make more effective and…

Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Hamre, Bridget K.

2010-01-01

296

Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education, including the education of children with exceptional needs are addressed along with recommendations for future

Bi Ying Hu; Judit Szente

2009-01-01

297

Water Quality: Water Education for Teachers. A 4-H School Enrichment Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This looseleaf notebook is a teacher resource package that is designed for enrichment program use. It contains five units dealing with water quality: (1) The Water Cycle; (2) Our Water Supply; (3) Waste/Water Treatment; (4) Water Conservation; (5) Water Pollution. The units provide background information, experiments, stories, poems, plays, and…

Powell, G. Morgan; Kling, Emily B.

298

Advancing a New Image of CTE via High-Quality Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is perhaps no better place to start in advancing a new image of career and technical education (CTE) than by creating the kind of classroom instruction that will prepare students for further learning and the workplace. The quality of teachers and their capacity to construct rich learning experiences for students represents the "front line"…

Sass, Heather Boggs

2011-01-01

299

Pre-College Science and Mathematics Teachers: Supply, Demand, and Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many reports have pointed to the need to improve the quality of mathematics and science teaching in schools in the United States and to alleviate the shortage of qualified teachers. A policy focus on the teaching force is reinforced by the fact that the ability of the United States to compete in an increasingly technological world economy depends…

Darling-Hammond, Linda; Hudson, Lisa

300

Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources…

Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

2011-01-01

301

Professional Development Schools (PDSs) and Social Justice Education: Alternative Notions of "Quality" for Future City Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whether explicitly or implicitly, questioning and reformulating the purposes of public schools continues to be both a popular public and policy maker past time. Yet, few current definitions and assessments of school or teacher "quality" consider the social justice-oriented characteristics the authors of this article recognize as most important in…

Zenkov, Kristien; Corrigan, Diane; Beebe, Ronald S.; Sells, Sarah; Sell, Corey

2013-01-01

302

The Quality of Teacher-Student Interactions: Associations with First Graders' Academic and Behavioral Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The associations between the quality of teacher-student interactions and first grade academic and adaptive behavior outcomes were examined in a study of 106 Portuguese students in 64 first grade classrooms. Students' vocabulary, print concepts, math, and adaptive skills were assessed both at the end of preschool and in first grade. Classrooms…

Cadima, Joana; Leal, Teresa; Burchinal, Margaret

2010-01-01

303

Supporting High Quality Teacher-Child Interactions in Pre-K Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this three-paper manuscript dissertation is to add value to the limited knowledge base of research surrounding the quality of teacher-child interactions in pre-k mathematics contexts. The first paper, based on an extensive review of literature, presents a theoretical basis for using five-frames to support children's development of…

McGuire, Patrick

2010-01-01

304

Quality Indicators for Competitive Employment Outcomes: What Special Education Teachers Need to Know in Transition Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The quality of job outcomes achieved by youth with disabilities who are transitioning into employment varies widely across the country. Special education teachers, youth with disabilities, families, community rehabilitation program (CRP) staff providing employment services, and others involved in assisting transitioning youth can benefit from a…

Brooke, Valerie Ann; Revell, Grant; Wehman, Paul

2009-01-01

305

Enhancing Pre-Service Elementary Teachers' Conceptual Understanding of Solution Chemistry with Conceptual Change Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on the use of a constructivist-based pedagogy to enhance understanding of some features of solution chemistry. Pre-service science teacher trainees' prior knowledge about the dissolution of salts and sugar in water were elicited by the use of a simple diagnostic tool. The test revealed widespread alternative conceptions. These…

Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa; Coll, Richard Kevin

2007-01-01

306

Blog-Enhanced ICT Courses: Examining Their Effects on Prospective Teachers' ICT Competencies and Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Blogs are used as a technology support tool in teaching-learning processes in contemporary schools, especially in higher education. This paper examines the effects of using blogs on prospective teachers' perceived ICT competencies and perceptions in blog-enhanced ICT courses. Both quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used in the…

Goktas, Yuksel; Demirel, Turgay

2012-01-01

307

Teaching with Objects and Photographs: Supporting and Enhancing Your Curriculum. A Guide for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is intended for all teachers who wish to enhance their curriculum by incorporating objects and photographs into their lesson plans. Kindergarten and elementary, middle, and high school classrooms can all benefit from expanded use of these materials. The guide can be used across a range of subject areas including history, community,…

Sieber, Ellen

308

Enhancing Children's Prosocial Development by Teacher Implemented Story Telling and Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A total of 61 Belgian boys and girls who were 5 and 7 years old participated in an experiment which aimed at enhancing their giving and helping behavior. Treatment basically involved the induction of empathy. Children in the experimental group were told stories by their teacher in which the hero meets secondary characters who are in need and acts…

Vandenplas-Holper, Christiane; And Others

309

School-Based Teachers' Professional Development through Technology-Enhanced Learning in Bangladesh  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To promote significant pedagogical change, the most successful teacher education programmes for the global south happen in the school context. This paper is based on a pre-pilot intervention study of an international education development programme in Bangladesh. Technology-enhanced learning, in this case the use of the Apple[R] iPod[R] (iPod…

Shohel, M. Mahruf C.; Banks, Frank

2012-01-01

310

Teaching with Objects and Photographs: Supporting and Enhancing Your Curriculum. A Guide for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended for all teachers who wish to enhance their curriculum by incorporating objects and photographs into their lesson plans. Kindergarten and elementary, middle, and high school classrooms can all benefit from expanded use of these materials. The guide can be used across a range of subject areas including history, community,…

Sieber, Ellen

311

Attribution Error and the Quest for Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social psychologists are persuaded that researchers as well as laymen tend to overestimate the influence of personal traits and underestimate the influence of situations on observed behavior. The author of this article suggests that education researchers and policy makers may be overestimating the role of personal qualities in their quest to…

Kennedy, Mary M.

2010-01-01

312

Student Perceptions of Quality Feedback in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many reports have identified a perceived lack of quality in regard to assessment feedback in higher education contexts. One research study in 2007 on undergraduate university students found that less than half of the students (46%) collected their formative feedback, suggesting that from their perspective feedback clearly was not fulfilling the…

Ferguson, Peter

2011-01-01

313

Quality Talk in Early Childhood Education: Mapping Teacher Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's process for quality child care improvement has 20 core principles, 4 of which relate to interactions between children and staff: (1) staff interactions with children should be warm and friendly; (2) all children should be treated equally, and their individual needs and backgrounds should be respected; (3) both sexes should be treated…

Makin, Laurie

314

What Do Teachers Think about Quality in the Spanish University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper aims to present the opinions of teaching staff at Spanish universities regarding the relative importance of a number of quality factors, and perceived levels of development of those factors in the context of their work. Design/methodology/approach: The paper takes an empirical approach, with the opinions of teaching staff…

Barandiaran-Galdos, Marta; Barrenetxea Ayesta, Miren; Cardona-Rodriguez, Antonio; del Campo, Juan Jose Mijangos; Olaskoaga-Larrauri, Jon

2012-01-01

315

Student perceptions of quality feedback in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many reports have identified a perceived lack of quality in regard to assessment feedback in higher education contexts. One research study in 2007 on undergraduate university students found that less than half of the students (46%) collected their formative feedback, suggesting that from their perspective feedback clearly was not fulfilling the role it should. This is a study of 465

Peter Ferguson

2011-01-01

316

Teacher quality: a comparison of National Board-certified and non-Board-certified teachers of deaf students.  

PubMed

THE STUDY was designed to identify specific components of teacher excellence, focusing initially on the characteristics of the small number of teachers of the deaf who are certified by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS), then comparing those with the characteristics of other teachers identified as master teachers by university faculty in teacher preparation in deafness. Classroom observation, written lesson plans, teacher questionnaires on beliefs, and content analysis of interactive electronic focus groups were used to compare the two groups of teachers. Results indicated similarities between Board-certified and non-Board-certified master teachers in regard to teacher behaviors and commitment to well-founded pedagogical principles. Differences were found in classroom priorities and in the greater level of interconnectivity expressed by Board-certified teachers as the result of becoming Board certified. Recommendations are made for preparing teachers of deaf students. PMID:16856648

Scheetz, Nanci A; Martin, David S

2006-01-01

317

More than a shortage of early childhood teachers: looking beyond the recruitment of university qualified teachers to promote quality early childhood education and care  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia and internationally, government policies aim to increase the supply of early childhood teachers and thus improve the quality of early childhood education and care services. In this paper, we suggest that such a policy-quality trajectory in Australia is not as straightforward as policy discourses suggest. From industrial relations and broader policy contexts, we argue that the early childhood

Marianne Fenech; Manjula Waniganayake; Alma Fleet

2009-01-01

318

Image quality enhancement in AMOLED microdisplay for mobile projectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data driving techniques and circuits to enhance the image quality of the 0.4-inch diagonal VGA AMOLED on silicon substrate have been proposed. The uniformity of a displayed image can be severely degraded by the random offset voltages of the data drivers. The color shift due to the differential OLED material aging is another well-known concern. To alleviate these image quality

Byong-Deok Choi; In-Su Park; Jong-Seok Kim; Sung-Jin Lee; Byung Bae

2011-01-01

319

Teacher Portfolios: An Effective Way to Assess Teacher Performance and Enhance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overall goal of assessment is to collect information regarding a targeted program or performance. Specifically, assessment involves the identification, clarification, and application of defensible criteria to ascertain a target object's value, quality, utility, effectiveness, or significance in relation to those criteria. Through such…

Xu, Yaoying

2004-01-01

320

Investigating the Quality of Teacher-Produced Tests for EFL Students and the Effects of Training in Test Development Principles and Practices on Improving Test Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the quality of tests that Hong Kong teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) produce for their own EFL students. The paper examines the effects on graduate teachers of a language testing programme where participants produced objective tests, proceeding through the stages of test specification, moderation, and item…

Coniam, David

2009-01-01

321

The Quality of Mediational Teaching Practiced by Teachers in Special Education: An Observational Study in Norwegian Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this case study the quality of mediational teaching was evaluated for interactions between teachers and pupils in special education in regular Norwegian primary schools. Mediational teaching is interpreted as a process by which a teacher mediates a given curriculum using certain categories in interactions with a pupil. The categories are…

Nyborg, Geir

2011-01-01

322

The Interaction of Principal and Teacher Instructional Influence as a Measure of Leadership as an Organizational Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article presents the design and test of a measure of school leadership as an organizational quality through the interaction of principal and teacher instructional influence. The Organizational Leadership Model hypothesizes four distinct conditions of school leadership, and the analysis investigates the relationship between teacher,…

Jackson, Karen M.; Marriott, Christine

2012-01-01

323

Teaching Matters: How State and Local Policymakers Can Improve the Quality of Teachers and Teaching. CPRE Policy Briefs RB-48  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of CPRE Policy Briefs summarizes the findings on issues related to teacher quality in the chapter authored by Thomas B. Corcoran in the book, "The State of Education Policy Research." The report also draws on discussions that took place during a 2006 policy briefing on teacher labor-market issues held in Chicago and sponsored by the…

Corcoran, Thomas B.

2007-01-01

324

Examining the Impact of Teacher Quality on Fourth-Grade Students' Comprehension and Content-Area Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study we examined the effects of dimensions of teacher quality on students' comprehension and vocabulary performance. Participants were 36 teachers and their respective 679 students in 2 medium-size school districts in central Texas, both of which served high proportions of children from low-socioeconomic status households. We matched…

Hairrell, Angela; Rupley, William H.; Edmonds, Meaghan; Larsen, Ross; Simmons, Deborah; Willson, Victor; Byrns, Glenda; Vaughn, Sharon

2011-01-01

325

Muscular Tension and Body Posture in Relation to Voice Handicap and Voice Quality in Teachers with Persistent Voice Complaints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between extrinsic laryngeal muscular hypertonicity and deviant body posture on the one hand and voice handicap and voice quality on the other hand in teachers with persistent voice complaints and a history of voice-related absenteeism. The study group consisted of 25 female teachers. A voice therapist assessed extrinsic laryngeal muscular

P. G. C. Kooijman; F. I. C. R. S. de Jong; M. J. Oudes; W. J. Huinck; H. van Acht; K. Graamans

2005-01-01

326

Factors Affecting Quality Enhancement Procedures for E-Learning Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper reports on an empirical study exploring the way in which campus-based higher education institutions (HEIs) in the UK apply their internal quality assurance and enhancement (QA/QE) procedures to their e-learning courses. The purpose of this paper is to identify those characteristics of e-learning courses which affected the…

Jara, Magdalena; Mellar, Harvey

2009-01-01

327

Image quality enhancement by moving the image sensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

A full-color image is obtained from the interpolated RGB images by use of an appropriate demosaicing algorithms but some interpolation errors can not be avoidable. In this paper, new image capturing system is proposed which has an actuator to move the image sensor in two-axis and very simple image reconstruction algorithm, and can enhance the image quality since it does

Dong-Ki Min; Hoon-Sang Oh

2008-01-01

328

Taguchi Approach to Quality Control and Enhancement: A Primer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A quiet revolution in the field of quality control and enhancement has been in progress in Japan for some 25 years, and has recently come ashore to the US. It has been identified with the name of G. Taguchi, an engineer cum statistician, who advocated a r...

S. E. Elmaghraby Y. Fathi W. G. Ferell

1986-01-01

329

Enhancing the low quality images using Unsupervised Colour Correction Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Underwater images are affected by reduced contrast and non-uniform colour cast due to the absorption and scattering of light in the aquatic environment. This affects the quality and reliability of image processing and therefore colour correction is a necessary pre-processing stage. In this paper, we propose an Unsupervised Colour Correction Method (UCM) for underwater image enhancement. UCM is based on

Kashif Iqbal; Michael Odetayo; Anne E. James; Rosalina Abdul Salam; Abdullah Zawawi Talib

2010-01-01

330

Using Total Quality Management (TQM) to Enhance Weekend Student Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A team of administrators, faculty, and students used the Total Quality Management approach to enhance weekend student life at Winthrop University (South Carolina). The process used and resulting recommendations, some of which have been implemented, are presented. The project is seen as contributing to freshman retention. (MSE)

Ardaiolo, Frank P.

1994-01-01

331

Factors Affecting Quality Enhancement Procedures for E-Learning Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper reports on an empirical study exploring the way in which campus-based higher education institutions (HEIs) in the UK apply their internal quality assurance and enhancement (QA/QE) procedures to their e-learning courses. The purpose of this paper is to identify those characteristics of e-learning courses which affected the…

Jara, Magdalena; Mellar, Harvey

2009-01-01

332

Examples of subjective image quality enhancement in multimedia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The subjective image quality is an important issue in all multimedia imaging systems with a significant impact onto QoS (Quality of Service). For long time the image fidelity criterion was widely applied in technical systems esp. in both television and image source compression fields but the optimization of subjective perception quality and fidelity approach (such as the minimum of MSE) are very different. The paper presents an experimental testing of three different digital techniques for the subjective image quality enhancement - color saturation, edge enhancement, denoising operators and noise addition - well known from both the digital photography and video. The evaluation has been done for extensive operator parameterization and the results are summarized and discussed. It has been demonstrated that there are relevant types of image corrections improving to some extent the subjective perception of the image. The above mentioned techniques have been tested for five image tests with significantly different image characteristics (fine details, large saturated color areas, high color contrast, easy-to-remember colors etc.). The experimental results show the way to optimized use of image enhancing operators. Finally the concept of impressiveness as a new possible expression of subjective quality improvement is presented and discussed.

Klíma, Miloš; Pazderák, Ji?í; Fliegel, Karel

2007-10-01

333

Enhancing Problem-Solving Skills of Pre-Service Elementary School Teachers through Problem-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research is to enhance pre-service teachers' problem-solving skills by giving them opportunity to understand the problem solving process. The study, using an experimental approach, was conducted with 85 pre-service elementary school teachers. The experimental group experienced problem based learning (PBL), while the control…

Koray, Ozlem; Presley, Arzu; Koksal, Mustafa Serdar; Ozdemir, Muhammet

2008-01-01

334

Enhancing the Spaces of Reflection: A Buddy Peer-Review Process within Physical Education Initial Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Innovation in enhancing the reflective abilities of physical education trainee teachers was explored in this study through establishing peer "training buddies" during their school placements. Opportunities for active engagement in peer- and self-reflection were provided to full-time Post-Graduate Secondary Physical Education trainee teachers (n =…

Lamb, Penny; Lane, Kathleen; Aldous, David

2013-01-01

335

The quality of teacher education programs: Methodological and procedural issues for reviewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Disciplinary Review was charged with reporting on the quality of the mathematics and science teacher education\\u000a programs in universities and C.A.E.’s in Australia. Given the limited direct contact that such a review could have with these\\u000a programs, the reviewers chose to use a grounded theory approach as much as possible. They were informed about the courses,\\u000a by exit

Peter Fensham; Leo West

1990-01-01

336

Quality Counts 2003. If I Can't Learn from You: Ensuring a Highly Qualified Teacher for Every Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This year's Quality Counts, Education Week's comprehensive overview on the quality of American education, focuses on the relationship between teacher quality and the growing academic achievement gap. It includes profiles of hard-to-staff schools, state alternative certification programs, and surveys of the 50 states on recruiting, supporting, and…

Education Week, 2003

2003-01-01

337

Quality Counts 2003. If I Can't Learn from You: Ensuring a Highly Qualified Teacher for Every Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year's Quality Counts, Education Week's comprehensive overview on the quality of American education, focuses on the relationship between teacher quality and the growing academic achievement gap. It includes profiles of hard-to-staff schools, state alternative certification programs, and surveys of the 50 states on recruiting, supporting, and…

Education Week, 2003

2003-01-01

338

Integrating on-line technology into teaching activities to enhance student and teacher learning in a New Zealand primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuing emphasis given to computer technology resourcing in schools presents potential for web-based initiatives which focus on quality arts teaching and learning, as ways to improve arts outcomes for all students. An arts e-learning collaborative research project between specialist on-line teacher\\/researchers and generalist primary teachers was designed to investigate student learning, quality teaching, and implementation factors. Constructionist-based teaching activities using

Delia Baskerville

2012-01-01

339

Effects of dialect?ethnicity, social class and quality of written compositions on teachers' subjective evaluations of children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of previous work related to linguistic stereotypes and Pygmalion effects, this research describes the relative effect of factors of dialect?ethnicity, social class, and quality of written compositions on pre?service elementary teachers’ judgments of children's scholastic success. Analysis of teachers’ semantic differential ratings indicates some relative salience for social class over dialect?ethnicity and quality of composition. Analysis of

Gene L. Piché; Michael Michlin; Donald Rubin; Allen Sullivan

1977-01-01

340

Fellows as teachers: a model to enhance pediatric resident education  

PubMed Central

Objective Pressures on academic faculty to perform beyond their role as educators has stimulated interest in complementary approaches in resident medical education. While fellows are often believed to detract from resident learning and experience, we describe our preliminary investigations utilizing clinical fellows as a positive force in pediatric resident education. Our objectives were to implement a practical approach to engage fellows in resident education, evaluate the impact of a fellow-led education program on pediatric resident and fellow experience, and investigate if growth of a fellowship program detracts from resident procedural experience. Methods This study was conducted in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) where fellows designed and implemented an education program consisting of daily didactic teaching sessions before morning clinical rounds. The impact of a fellow-led education program on resident satisfaction with their NICU experience was assessed via anonymous student evaluations. The potential value of the program for participating fellows was also evaluated using an anonymous survey. Results The online evaluation was completed by 105 residents. Scores were markedly higher after the program was implemented in areas of teaching excellence (4.44 out of 5 versus 4.67, p<0.05) and overall resident learning (3.60 out of 5 versus 4.61, p<0.001). Fellows rated the acquisition of teaching skills and enhanced knowledge of neonatal pathophysiology as the most valuable aspects of their participation in the education program. The anonymous survey revealed that 87.5% of participating residents believed that NICU fellows were very important to their overall training and education. Conclusions While fellows are often believed to be a detracting factor to residency training, we found that pediatric resident attitudes toward the fellows were generally positive. In our experience, in the specialty of neonatology a fellow-led education program can positively contribute to both resident and fellow learning and satisfaction. Further investigation into the value of utilizing fellows as a positive force in resident education in other medical specialties appears warranted.

Backes, Carl H.; Reber, Kris M.; Trittmann, Jennifer K. B.; Huang, Hong; Tomblin, Jordanna; Moorehead, Pamela A.; Bauer, John A.; Smith, Charles V.; Mahan, John D.

2011-01-01

341

Coaching teachers to improve implementation of the good behavior game.  

PubMed

This study explored the association between coaching and the implementation of the Good Behavior Game (GBG) by 129 urban elementary school teachers. Analyses involving longitudinal data on coaching and teacher implementation quality indicated that coaches strategically varied their use of coaching strategies (e.g., modeling, delivery) based on teacher implementation quality and provided additional support to teachers with low implementation quality. Findings suggest that coaching was associated with improved implementation quality of the GBG. This work lays the foundation for future research examining ways to enhance coach decision-making about teacher implementation. PMID:23504295

Becker, Kimberly D; Bradshaw, Catherine P; Domitrovich, Celene; Ialongo, Nicholas S

2013-11-01

342

The PISCES Project: How Teacher-Scientist Partners can Enhance Elementary Science Instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The PISCES Project (Partnerships Involving the Scientific Community in Elementary Schools www.sdsa.org/pisces) is an innovative program that brings high quality standards-based elementary science curriculum and hands-on laboratory materials into San Diego County's classrooms. The project is funded by the NSF Graduate Teaching Fellows in K-12 Education (GK-12) program. The project was designed and is administered through cooperation among faculty at San Diego State University and the Science Department of the San Diego County Office of Education. Undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in science programs in San Diego area universities including San Diego State University, California State University San Marcos, and University of California San Diego partner with elementary school teachers. Through this partnership, the scientist brings scientific expertise to the classroom while the teacher delivers the lesson using current pedagogic methods. This is accomplished during a 3 month partnership in which the scientist joins the teacher in the classroom a few days each week to complete professional kit-based curriculum such as that available from FOSS (Full Option Science System) and STC (Science and Technology for Children). The teachers remain in the program for two years during which they have continuous access to the kit-based curriculum as well as two to three partnership cycles. Teachers receive assistance outside of the classroom as well attending professional development institutes three times a year to establish and maintain effective science teaching methods. The San Diego Science Alliance and other community and industry supporters provide the additionalfunding necessary to provide this teacher professional development Currenty, PISCES is present in over 40 schools and is able to provide partnerships to over 100 classrooms each year. In addition to the work done in San Diego, the project has expanded to Barrow, Alaska with plans to expand to La Paz, Mexico where there are SDSU climate research stations. San Diego and Alaska scientists travel to Barrow twice a year to participate in an intense, month-long science instruction partnership. PISCES collects a variety of data including student work, science attitude surveys, interviews with students and teachers, video, as well as science content knowledge. The students find themselves enjoying science and are deeply impacted by the presence of an actual scientist in their classroom. As PISCES enters its fifth year, it is evident that the combination of continuous support inside and outside of the classroom is successful in developing teacher engagement in science instruction.

Reif, C.; Oechel, W.

2003-12-01

343

CESAME: Providing High Quality Professional Development in Science and Mathematics for K-12 Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is appropriate that after almost half a century of Science and Mathematics education reform we take a look back and a peek forward to understand the present state of this wonderfully complex system. Each of the components of this system including teaching, professional development, assessment, content and the district K-12 curriculum all need to work together if we hope to provide quality science, mathematics and technology education for ALL students. How do the state and national standards drive the system? How do state policies on student testing and teacher licensure come into play? How do we improve the preparation, retention and job satisfaction of our K-12 teachers? What initiatives have made or are making a difference? What else needs to be done? What can the physics community do to support local efforts? This job is too big for any single organization or individual but we each can contribute to the effort. Our Center at Northeastern University, with support from the National Science Foundation, has a sharply defined focus: to get high quality, research-based instructional materials into the hands of K-12 classroom teachers and provide the support they need to use the materials effectively in their classrooms.

Hickman, Paul

2002-04-01

344

Who is the ideal teacher? Am I? Similarity and difference in perception of students of education regarding the qualities of a good teacher and of their own qualities as teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines two images of teachers as seen by students of education: the ideal teacher and their own self?image as teachers. The research compares the students’ perceptions of these two images using two sub?groups of students of education: students at an academic teachers’ college who will be referred to as student teachers and beginning teachers, who, while teaching, are

Sara Arnon; Nirit Reichel

2007-01-01

345

The Rationale for Consuming Cognitive Enhancement Drugs in University Students and Teachers  

PubMed Central

Cognitive enhancement (CE) is the pharmaceutical augmentation of mental abilities (e.g., learning or memory) without medical necessity. This topic has recently attracted widespread attention in scientific and social circles. However, knowledge regarding the mechanisms that underlie the decision to use CE medication is limited. To analyze these decisions, we used data from two online surveys of randomly sampled university teachers (N?=?1,406) and students (N?=?3,486). Each respondent evaluated one randomly selected vignette with regard to a hypothetical CE drug. We experimentally varied the characteristics of the drugs among vignettes and distributed them among respondents. In addition, the respondent’s internalization of social norms with respect to CE drug use was measured. Our results revealed that students were more willing to enhance cognitive performance via drugs than university teachers, although the overall willingness was low. The probability of side effects and their strength reduced the willingness to use CE drugs among students and university teachers, whereas higher likelihoods and magnitudes of CE increased this propensity. In addition, the internalized norm against CE drug use influenced decision making: Higher internalization decreased the willingness to use such medications. Students’ internalized norms more strongly affected CE abstinence compared with those of university teachers. Furthermore, internalized norms negatively interacted with the instrumental incentives for taking CE medication. This internalization limited the influence of and deliberation on instrumental incentives. This study is the first to provide empirical evidence regarding the importance of social norms and their influence on rational decision making with regard to CE. We identified previously undiscovered decision-making patterns concerning CE. Thus, this study provides insight into the motivators and inhibitors of CE drug use. These findings have implications for contending with CE behavior by highlighting the magnitude of potential side effects and by informing the debate regarding the ethics of CE use.

Sattler, Sebastian; Sauer, Carsten; Mehlkop, Guido; Graeff, Peter

2013-01-01

346

The study of the perception of Michigan elementary teachers in summary accredited schools and teachers in nonaccredited schools of customer focus and the elements of quality schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship existed between the perceptions of teachers in summary accredited elementary schools and nonaccredited elementary schools of customer focus and the elements of quality schools. The accredited schools had met the criteria of the Michigan Accreditation Program (MAP), with the nonaccredited schools not yet attaining the appropriate objectives needed for

Charlene Marie Coulson

1996-01-01

347

Teacher Pay and Teacher Aptitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Can changes in teacher pay encourage more able individuals to enter the teaching profession? So far, studies of the impact of pay on the aptitude distribution of teachers have provided mixed evidence on the extent to which altering teacher salaries represents a feasible solution to the teacher quality problem. One possible reason is that these…

Leigh, Andrew

2012-01-01

348

[Quality of life and burnout among public high school and primary school teachers in Southern Brazil].  

PubMed

In order to investigate quality of life among public schoolteachers in relation to socio-demographic characteristics and work conditions, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 601 primary and secondary teachers from the State and Municipal public school system in the urban area of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The study analyzed the following domains from the WHOQOL-BREF scale: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. The mean indices were: 69.2 (SD = 16.8) for physical health, 70.6 (SD = 14.0) for psychological health, 72.5 (SD = 17.3) for social relationships, and 60.7 (SD = 14.0) for environment. Age, time in the teaching career, and total number of students were not significantly associated with quality of life. Teachers in municipal schools scored higher than their counterparts in the State public schools in the physical health domain (p = 0.026). Men scored higher than women in the physical and psychological health domains. Higher family income was associated with better quality of life. Higher classroom workload was associated with better scores in the physical health and environment domains. PMID:22218582

Tabeleão, Viviane Porto; Tomasi, Elaine; Neves, Siduana Facin

2011-12-01

349

Service Quality and Students' Satisfaction with the Professional Teacher Development Programmes by Distance Mode in a South African University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on the relationship between seven factors that described dimensions of education service quality and overall service quality on one hand, and students' satisfaction with the professional teacher development programmes by distance mode in a South African University on the other. We sought to find out whether students enrolled…

Oduaran, A. B.

2011-01-01

350

Closing the Teacher Quality Gap in Philadelphia: New Hope and Old Hurdles. The Third Study of Teacher Quality in Philadelphia. A Report from "Learning from Philadelphia's School Reform"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of teacher staffing issues in the School District of Philadelphia explores the degree to which the district has succeeded in upgrading teachers' professional credentials, recruiting and retaining them, and equitably distributing experienced and credentialed teachers across all types of schools. Since the passage of "No Child Left…

Useem, Elizabeth; Offenberg, Robert; Farley, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

351

Researching and developing intervention strategies for enhancing technology teacher assessment practices: the results of a three-year study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the research and intervention approaches undertaken by a research team when working with primary school teachers in technology education over a three- year period (1998-2000). The focus of the research was firstly the examination of existing practice, secondly the enhancement of formative interactions, and thirdly the enhancement of summative strategies. In the first year interviews, observation,

Judy Moreland; Alister Jones; Megan Chambers

352

Using Web-Based Cases to Enhance, Extend, and Transform Pre-Service Teacher Training: Two Years in Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was part of a two-year review regarding the use of Web-based case conferencing to enhance, extend, and transform the learning of preservice teachers in an introductory educational psychology course. First, Web conferencing enhanced the learning opportunities within educational psychology by providing an electronically shared space for…

Bonk, Curtis J.; Daytner, Katrina; Daytner, Gary; Dennen, Vanessa; Malikowski, Steve

2002-01-01

353

Getting from Here to There: The Roles of Policy Makers and Principals in Increasing Science Teacher Quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study we investigate how federal and state policy makers, and school principals are working to improve science teacher quality. Interviews, focused discussions, and policy documents serve as the primary data source. Findings suggest that both policy makers and principals prioritize increasing incentives for teachers entering the science teaching profession, providing professional development for new teachers, and using students’ data to evaluate and improve instruction. Differences between the two leadership groups emerged in terms of the grain size and practicality of their concerns. Our findings indicate that the complexity of educational challenges to improve science teacher quality call for the co-construction of policy by multiple constituent groups including school principals, federal and state policy makers, and science education researchers.

Shen, Ji; Gerard, Libby; Bowyer, Jane

2010-04-01

354

Who Is the Ideal Teacher? Am I? Similarity and Difference in Perception of Students of Education regarding the Qualities of a Good Teacher and of Their Own Qualities as Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research examines two images of teachers as seen by students of education: the ideal teacher and their own self-image as teachers. The research compares the students' perceptions of these two images using two sub-groups of students of education: students at an academic teachers' college who will be referred to as student teachers and…

Arnon, Sara; Reichel, Nirit

2007-01-01

355

Anticipating Innovation in Teacher Evaluation Systems: Lessons for Researchers and Policymakers. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The growing prominence of value-added models for measuring teacher effectiveness has prompted a recent surge in policies that consider students' classroom performance part of a teacher's evaluation. Yet, in light of the criticism and limitations of the current models, whether and how evaluation systems will adapt over time is unclear. This paper…

Hansen, Michael

2013-01-01

356

The quality of teacher education programs: Methodological and procedural issues for reviewers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Disciplinary Review was charged with reporting on the quality of the mathematics and science teacher education programs in universities and C.A.E.’s in Australia. Given the limited direct contact that such a review could have with these programs, the reviewers chose to use a grounded theory approach as much as possible. They were informed about the courses, by exit students from each of them, by official handbooks and additional explanatory information, and by data from interviews with key members of staff. These, with help from the research literature, commissioned papers and particularly the practices encountered during the visits to institutions, enabled descriptions and some criteria of quality practice to be developed.

Fensham, Peter; West, Leo

1990-01-01

357

Objective measures for quality assessment of automatic skin enhancement algorithms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Automatic portrait enhancement by attenuating skin flaws (pimples, blemishes, wrinkles, etc.) has received considerable attention from digital camera manufacturers thanks to its impact on the public. Subsequently, a number of algorithms have been developed to meet this need. One central aspect to developing such an algorithm is quality assessment: having a few numbers that precisely indicate the amount of beautification brought by an algorithm (as perceived by human observers) is of great help, as it works on circumvent time-costly human evaluation. In this paper, we propose a method to numerically evaluate the quality of a skin beautification algorithm. The most important aspects we take into account and quantize to numbers are the quality of the skin detector, the amount of smoothing performed by the method, the preservation of intrinsic skin texture, and the preservation of facial features. We combine these measures into two numbers that assess the quality of skin detection and beautification. The derived measures are highly correlated with human perception, therefore they constitute a helpful tool for tuning and comparing algorithms.

Ciuc, Mihai; Capata, Adrian; Florea, Corneliu

2010-01-01

358

Enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis.  

PubMed Central

Varying philosophical and theoretical orientations to qualitative inquiry remind us that issues of quality and credibility intersect with audience and intended research purposes. This overview examines ways of enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis by dealing with three distinct but related inquiry concerns: rigorous techniques and methods for gathering and analyzing qualitative data, including attention to validity, reliability, and triangulation; the credibility, competence, and perceived trustworthiness of the qualitative researcher; and the philosophical beliefs of evaluation users about such paradigm-based preferences as objectivity versus subjectivity, truth versus perspective, and generalizations versus extrapolations. Although this overview examines some general approaches to issues of credibility and data quality in qualitative analysis, it is important to acknowledge that particular philosophical underpinnings, specific paradigms, and special purposes for qualitative inquiry will typically include additional or substitute criteria for assuring and judging quality, validity, and credibility. Moreover, the context for these considerations has evolved. In early literature on evaluation methods the debate between qualitative and quantitative methodologists was often strident. In recent years the debate has softened. A consensus has gradually emerged that the important challenge is to match appropriately the methods to empirical questions and issues, and not to universally advocate any single methodological approach for all problems.

Patton, M Q

1999-01-01

359

A Technology Enhanced Learning Model for Quality Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technology Enhanced Learning and Teaching (TELT) Model provides learning through collaborations and interactions with a framework for content development and collaborative knowledge sharing system as a supplementary for learning to improve the quality of education system. TELT deals with a unique pedagogy model for Technology Enhanced Learning System which includes course management system, digital library, multimedia enriched contents and video lectures, open content management system and collaboration and knowledge sharing systems. Open sources like Moodle and Wiki for content development, video on demand solution with a low cost mid range system, an exhaustive digital library are provided in a portal system. The paper depicts a case study of e-learning initiatives with TELT model at IIITM-K and how effectively implemented.

Sherly, Elizabeth; Uddin, Md. Meraj

360

Supporting Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides practical suggestions for principals for enhancing the success of student teaching experiences in their building. Specifically, principals can develop procedures for welcoming the student teacher, communicate with university officials early and frequently, monitor the quality and variety of the student teaching experience,…

Conderman, Greg; Pedersen, Theresa

2006-01-01

361

Enhancing family physician capacity to deliver quality palliative home care  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED Family physicians face innumerable challenges to delivering quality palliative home care to meet the complex needs of end-of-life patients and their families. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM To implement a model of shared care to enhance family physicians’ ability to deliver quality palliative home care, particularly in a community-based setting. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION Family physicians in 3 group practices (N = 21) in Ontario’s Niagara West region collaborated with an interprofessional palliative care team (including a palliative care advanced practice nurse, a palliative medicine physician, a bereavement counselor, a psychosocial-spiritual advisor, and a case manager) in a shared-care partnership to provide comprehensive palliative home care. Key features of the program included systematic and timely identification of end-of-life patients, needs assessments, symptom and psychosocial support interventions, regular communication between team members, and coordinated care guided by outcome-based assessment in the home. In addition, educational initiatives were provided to enhance family physicians’ knowledge and skills. CONCLUSION Because of the program, participants reported improved communication, effective interprofessional collaboration, and the capacity to deliver palliative home care, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to end-of-life patients in the community.

Marshall, Denise; Howell, Doris; Brazil, Kevin; Howard, Michelle; Taniguchi, Alan

2008-01-01

362

Enhancing Tomo-PIV reconstruction quality by reducing ghost particles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A technique to enhance the reconstruction quality and consequently the accuracy of the velocity vector field obtained in Tomo-PIV experiments is presented here. The methodology involves detecting and eliminating spurious outliers in the reconstructed intensity field (ghost particles). A simulacrum matching-based reconstruction enhancement (SMRE) technique is proposed, which utilizes the characteristic shape and size of actual particles to remove ghost particles in the reconstructed intensity field. An assessment of SMRE is performed by a quantitative comparison of Tomo-PIV simulation results and DNS data, together with a comparison to Tomo-PIV experimental data measured in a turbulent channel flow at a matched Reynolds number (Re? = 937) to the DNS study. For the simulation data, a comparative study is performed on the reconstruction quality based on an ideal reconstruction determined from known particle positions. The results suggest that a significant improvement in the reconstruction quality and flow statistics is achievable at typical seeding densities used in Tomo-PIV experiments. This improvement is further amplified at higher seeding densities, enabling the use of up to twice the typical seeding densities currently used in Tomo-PIV experiments. A reduction of spurious vectors present in the velocity field is also observed based on a median outlier detection criterion. The application of SMRE to Tomo-PIV experimental data shows an improvement in flow statistics, comparable to the improvement seen in simulations. Finally, due to the non-iterative nature of SMRE, the increase in processing time is marginal since only a single pass of the reconstruction algorithm is required.

de Silva, C. M.; Baidya, R.; Marusic, I.

2013-02-01

363

Caring about Teachers. Response to Donna Kerr.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In discussing Donna Kerr's recommendations for improving teaching through better preservice training (Teachers College Record, Spring 1983), Sykes points out the need to enhance the quality of a teacher's work life in the schools as a requisite for reform. Specific changes at the school level are suggested. (PP)|

Sykes, Gary

1983-01-01

364

Impact on quality of life in teachers after educational actions for prevention of voice disorders: a longitudinal study  

PubMed Central

Background Voice problems are more common in teachers due to intensive voice use during routine at work. There is evidence that occupational disphonia prevention programs are important in improving the quality voice and consequently the quality of subjects’ lives. Aim To investigate the impact of educational voice interventions for teachers on quality of life and voice. Methods A longitudinal interventional study involving 70 teachers randomly selected from 11 public schools, 30 to receive educational intervention with vocal training exercises and vocal hygiene habits (experimental group) and 40 to receive guidance on vocal hygiene habits (control group control). Before the process of educational activities, the Voice-Related Quality of Life instrument (V-RQOL) was applied, and 3 months after conclusion of the activities, the subjects were interviewed again, using the same instrument. For data analysis, Prox MIXED were applied, with a level of significance ??Teachers showed significantly higher domain and overall V-RQOL scores after preventive intervention, in both control and experimental groups. Nevertheless, there was no statistical difference in scores between the groups. Conclusion Educational actions for vocal health had a positive impact on the quality of life of the participants, and the incorporation of permanent educational actions at institutional level is suggested.

2013-01-01

365

Coaching to enhance quality of implementation in prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the topics covered by coaches assisting teachers implementing a research-based drug prevention program and explore how coaching affects student outcomes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The All Stars drug prevention curriculum is implemented by 16 urban teachers who received four coaching sessions. Two coaches participated. Coaches are interviewed by investigators to assess topics

Linda Dusenbury; William B. Hansen; Julia Jackson-Newsom; Donna S. Pittman; Cicely V. Wilson; Kathleen Nelson-Simley; Chris Ringwalt; Melinda Pankratz; Steven M. Giles

2010-01-01

366

Coaching to Enhance Quality of Implementation in Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the topics covered by coaches assisting teachers implementing a research-based drug prevention program and explore how coaching affects student outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: The All Stars drug prevention curriculum is implemented by 16 urban teachers who received four coaching sessions.…

Dusenbury, Linda; Hansen, William B.; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Pittman, Donna S.; Wilson, Cicely V.; Nelson-Simley, Kathleen; Ringwalt, Chris; Pankratz, Melinda; Giles, Steven M.

2010-01-01

367

The Influence of Vocal Qualities and Confirmation of Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers on Student Receiver Apprehension, Affective Learning, and Cognitive Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the influence of teacher vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors on student learning. Students (N = 197) enrolled in nonnative English-speaking teachers' classes completed a battery of instruments. Results indicated that both vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors were negatively related to receiver apprehension,…

Hsu, Chia-Fang

2012-01-01

368

Relations of Children's Effortful Control and Teacher-Child Relationship Quality to School Attitudes in a Low-Income Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of children's effortful control and quality of relationships with teachers to school attitudes longitudinally in an ethnically diverse and economically disadvantaged sample. Data were collected as part of a larger intervention project during mid-fall, winter, and late…

Silva, Kassondra M.; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Sulik, Michael J.; Valiente, Carlos; Huerta, Snjezana; Edwards, Alison; Eggum, Natalie D.; Kupfer, Anne S.; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Phillips, Beth M.; Wilson, Shauna B.; Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine; Landry, Susan H.; Swank, Paul R.; Assel, Michael A.; Taylor, Heather B.

2011-01-01

369

Quality of Various Aspects of Higher Education in Private Sector of Pakistan as Viewed by Administrator, Teacher and Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major purpose of this paper was to examine the quality of various aspects of higher education in private sector of Pakistan. The population of the study constituted 270 administrators, 6180 teachers and 61108 students in existing 54 private universities and degree awarding institutions of Pakistan. Multi stage random sampling procedure was used to select the study sample of 840

Abdul Majeed Khan

370

Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) Program--Current Projects and the New RFP. Commission Report 07-14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses professional development projects that are currently funded by the Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) State Grants Program, including representative projects that will be presented to the Commission at the June meeting. In addition, the ITQ program has recently released a Request for Proposals (RFP) for grants that serve early…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2007

2007-01-01

371

The Quality of Local District Assessments Used in Nebraska's School-Based Teacher-Led Assessment and Reporting System (STARS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 293 local district assessments used in the Nebraska STARS (School-based Teacher-led Assessment and Reporting System), 147 from 2004 district mathematics assessment portfolios and 146 from 2003 reading assessment portfolios, was scored with a rubric evaluating their quality. Scorers were Nebraska educators with background and training…

Brookhart, Susan M.

2005-01-01

372

Navigating the Turbulent Seas of Education Reform for English Language Learners: How Leadership Affects Teacher Quality and Educational Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this case study was to provide insight into the challenges educational leaders face in their efforts to improve teaching and learning for English language learners within a context of increased testing and accountability. I examine the assumptions underpinning leadership practices to understand how teacher quality and student…

da Silva, Catarina Alexandra

2010-01-01

373

Designing to Promote Access, Quality, and Student Support in an Advanced Certificate Programme for Rural Teachers in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on the re-design of the Advanced Certificate in Education (ACE) programme, which is offered by the University of Pretoria through distance education (DE) to teachers in rural South Africa. In 2007, a team re-designed the programme with the goal of promoting access, quality, and student support. The team included an independent…

Fresen, Jill W.; Hendrikz, Johan

2009-01-01

374

Factors affecting the impact of professional development programs on teachers' knowledge, practice, student outcomes & efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report examines effects of structural and process features of professional development programs on teachers’ knowledge, practice and efficacy. It is based on four recent (2002-2003) studies undertaken through the Australian Government Quality Teacher Programme, designed to enhance teacher quality. The total data set for the survey study includes 3,250 teachers who had participated in eighty individual professional development1 activities

Lawrence Ingvarson; Marion Meiers; Adrian Beavis

2005-01-01

375

Online naphazoline quality control by micellar-enhanced spectrofluorimetry.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to develop a method for online spectrofluorimetric quality control of naphazoline (NPZ) in pharmaceuticals and raw drugs. A combination of a flow-injection analysis (FIA) system with micellar-enhanced fluorescence detection is presented as a powerful alternative for the rapid and sensitive analysis of naphazoline. Since NPZ shows low native fluorescence, the use of an anionic surfactant, such as sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), provides a considerable enhancement of fluorescence intensity and the nature of the technique allows a possible and easy adaptation to a FIA system. Using ?(exc) = 280 nm and ?(em) = 326 nm, a good linear relationship (LOL) was obtained in the range 0.003-10 µg mL(-1) with a detection limit (LOD) of 3 × 10(-4) µg mL(-1) (s/n = 3). Parameters related to the nature of the analytical signal and to the FIA manifold were optimized. Satisfactory recoveries were obtained in the analysis of commercial pharmaceutical formulations. The proposed method is simple, accurate and allows for high-speed sampling and considerably shorter analysis times. In addition, it requires inexpensive equipment and reagents and has easy operational conditions and no side effects, thus avoiding environmental pollution through toxic waste. PMID:21538792

Peralta, Cecilia Mariana; Silva, Raúl Alejandro; Fernández, Liliana Patricia; Masi, Adriana Noemí

2011-05-02

376

Using Theoretical Models to Examine the Acceptance Behavior of Mobile Phone Messaging to Enhance Parent-Teacher Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student academic performance and social competence are influenced positively by parent involvement; effective parent-teacher communication not builds parent reliance on a school, it enhances parent knowledge of raising children. As information technology develops rapidly, it is already a trend that e-communication is replacing traditional paper…

Ho, Li-Hsing; Hung, Chang-Liang; Chen, Hui-Chun

2013-01-01

377

Challenging Teachers' Practice through Learning: Reflections on the Enhancing Effective Practice in Special Education Programme of Research and Professional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When teachers participate in professional development and learning opportunities it enables them to reconceptualise their assessment and teaching practices with the support of facilitators and researchers. National programmes of professional development and research, such as the three year Enhancing Effective Practice in Special Education (EEPiSE)…

Bourke, Roseanna

2006-01-01

378

Enhancing Eighth Grade Students' Learning of Buoyancy: The Interaction of Teachers' Instructional Approach and Students' Learning Preference Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the potential of enhancing students' learning of difficult science concepts by exploring the interaction between teachers' four different instructional approaches and students' four different learning preference styles. Students' immediate performance and their retention for learning of buoyancy concepts serve to examine…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2005-01-01

379

Using Theoretical Models to Examine the Acceptance Behavior of Mobile Phone Messaging to Enhance Parent-Teacher Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student academic performance and social competence are influenced positively by parent involvement; effective parent-teacher communication not builds parent reliance on a school, it enhances parent knowledge of raising children. As information technology develops rapidly, it is already a trend that e-communication is replacing traditional paper…

Ho, Li-Hsing; Hung, Chang-Liang; Chen, Hui-Chun

2013-01-01

380

Enhancing Eighth Grade Students' Learning of Buoyancy: The Interaction of Teachers' Instructional Approach and Students' Learning Preference Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the potential of enhancing students' learning of difficult science concepts by exploring the interaction between teachers' four different instructional approaches and students' four different learning preference styles. Students' immediate performance and their retention for learning of buoyancy concepts serve to examine…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2005-01-01

381

Ninth-Grade Student Engagement in Teacher-Centered and Student-Centered Technology-Enhanced Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Engagement has been viewed as an important construct to understand students' learning performances in classroom settings. Taking an interactive perspective, the study investigates ninth graders' cognitive, emotional, and behavioral engagement in teacher-centered (TC) and student-centered (SC) technology-enhanced classrooms. 54 students from two…

Wu, Hsin-Kai; Huang, Ya-Ling

2007-01-01

382

An evaluation of UPDATE: A study of the effect of participation in a teacher enhancement program on secondary physics instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Secondary physics education in the United States has been shown to be sub-standard, and not even offered in many high schools. National assessment results have suggested that changes in secondary physics education are greatly needed and are slow in coming. One attempt to enhance physics instruction is the UPDATE program. UPDATE is a physics teacher enhancement program offered by the University of Massachusetts. The program is primarily designed to enhance physics teacher knowledge in topical and important areas of contemporary physics that are not always well represented in secondary classrooms. This study assesses the impact of participation in the UPDATE program on the high school physics instruction of the 1995-96 program participants. Focus group interviews, individual interviews, and a questionnaire are methods used to collect data. This document includes transcriptions from both focus group and individual interviews, as well as quantitative results from a questionnaire. Commonalities are drawn from the three sources of data to illustrate the impact of the UPDATE program on participants' high school physics instruction. Aspects of the program which have contributed to enhancement of instruction are also identified and recommendations are made for subsequent teacher enhancement programs. The findings generally indicate that participants became more confident, enthusiastic, gained more physics knowledge, and changed their teaching practices to include more UPDATE related topics. In addition, laboratory experiences as well as laboratory equipment offered to participants during the program contributed significantly to their perceived instructional enhancement.

Kudukey, John Henry

383

Alienated Labor and the Quality of Teachers' Lives: How Teachers in Low-Performing Schools Experience Their Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on how teachers in city schools are experiencing the labor process. It summarizes the concept of alienation, beginning with Hegel's metaphysical teleology, which was overturned by Feuerback and found its historical materialist expression in Marx's theory of alienated labor. The paper then revisits some of the work of critical…

Kesson, Kathleen

384

The Role of Teacher Quality in Retention and Hiring: Using Applications to Transfer to Uncover Preferences of Teachers and Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many large urban school districts are rethinking their personnel management strategies, often giving increased control to schools in the hiring of teachers, reducing, for example, the importance of seniority. If school hiring authorities are able to make good decisions about whom to hire, these reforms have the potential to benefit schools and…

Boyd, Don; Lankford, Hamp; Loeb, Susanna; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Wyckoff, Jim

2011-01-01

385

A two-step approach to see-through bad weather for surveillance video quality enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adverse weather conditions such as snow, fog or heavy rain greatly reduce the visual quality of outdoor surveillance videos. Video quality enhancement can improve the visual quality of surveillance videos providing clearer images with more details. Existing work in this area mainly focuses on quality en- hancement for high resolution videos or still images, but few algorithms are developed for

Zhen Jia; Hongcheng Wang; Rodrigo Caballero; Ziyou Xiong; Jianwei Zhao; Alan Finn

2011-01-01

386

The Academic Quality Handbook: Enhancing Higher Education in Universities and Further Education Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is intended as an introduction to the management of quality assurance and enhancement in higher education, particularly in England. The text focuses on the relationship between institutional quality assurance and the auditing authority of the British Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. The chapters of part 1, "The Quality

McGhee, Patrick

387

Promoting Quality Enhancement in the UK the Experience of Collaboration between National Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a substantial and potentially significant shift in the UK approach to quality in higher education in the last few years. In England, Wales and Scotland there has been a growing interest in quality enhancement to supplement existing frameworks for quality assurance. In the words of the Chief Executive of the Quality Assurance Agency…

D'Andrea, Vaneeta; Blackwell, Richard; Gosling, David

2005-01-01

388

The Academic Quality Handbook: Enhancing Higher Education in Universities and Further Education Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as an introduction to the management of quality assurance and enhancement in higher education, particularly in England. The text focuses on the relationship between institutional quality assurance and the auditing authority of the British Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. The chapters of part 1, "The Quality

McGhee, Patrick

389

Further Support for the Developmental Significance of the Quality of the Teacher–Student Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociometric nominations and ratings assessed peers' perceptions of supportive and conflicted teacher–student relationships, evaluations of children's positive and negative attributes, and peer-rated liking. Participants were 993 third- and fourth-grade children. Girls obtained higher Teacher Support and lower Teacher Conflict scores compared with boys. The pattern of correlations between teacher–student relationship scores and other peer evaluations was comparable across genders. Both

Jan N Hughes; Timothy A Cavell; Victor Willson

2001-01-01

390

Initiating Opportunities to Enhance Preservice Teachers' Pedagogical Knowledge: Perceptions about Mentoring At-Risk Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing preservice teachers in urban settings with authentic educational experiences may be an effective approach in preparing them to teach diverse students. Therefore, this investigation examined preservice teachers' perceptions of mentoring at-risk high school students. Data analysis reflected preservice teachers' positive experiences and…

Garza, Ruben

2012-01-01

391

LSU Virtual Museum: Technology-Enhanced Geoscience Teacher Workshops for Louisiana K-8 Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Virtual Museum, a Louisiana Board of Regents sponsored SELECT program, is a collaborative project between the Museum of Natural Science and the French Education Project at Louisiana State University. It offers Louisiana science teachers, in-training teachers, and immersion teachers a professional development program via six videoconferences. These videoconferences are broadcast from LSU to six distance-learning sites across the entire

S. Warny; D. Egea-Kuehne; R. Tedford; A. Lopez

2007-01-01

392

Children’s Attendance Rates and Quality of Teacher-Child Interactions in At-Risk Preschool Classrooms: Contribution to Children’s Expressive Language Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research examines whether children’s daily attendance rates would be predictive of gains in expressive language\\u000a within the context of high-quality preschool classrooms. The quality of preschool classrooms was assessed by measuring the\\u000a quality of the teacher’s interactions with the children in his or her classroom. Hierarchical linear models, nesting children\\u000a within classroom, were used to examine children’s growth

Jessica A. R. Logan; Shayne B. Piasta; Laura M. Justice; Christopher Schatschneider; Stephen Petrill

393

Closing the Teacher Quality Gap in Philadelphia: New Hope and Old Hurdles. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of teacher staffing issues in the School District of Philadelphia, the third in a series, outlines the degree to which the district has succeeded in upgrading teachers' professional credentials, recruiting and retaining them, and equitably distributing experienced and credentialed teachers across all types of schools. Since the passage…

Useem, Elizabeth; Offenberg, Robert; Farley, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

394

Using Performance-Based Pay to Improve the Quality of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tying teachers' pay to their classroom performance should, says Victor Lavy, improve the current educational system both by clarifying teaching goals and by attracting and retaining the most productive teachers. But implementing pay for performance poses many practical challenges, because measuring individual teachers' performance is difficult.…

Lavy, Victor

2007-01-01

395

Qualities of Professional Dialogue: Connecting Graduate Research on Teaching and the Undergraduate Teachers' Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate and graduate mathematics teacher education frameworks must ensure professional development of two groups of practitioners within the community of mathematics educators, namely pre-service and in-service mathematics teachers. The relationship between them serves as an example of connection theory and practice in mathematics teacher

Leikin, Roza

2005-01-01

396

Long-Run Trends in the Quality of Teachers: Evidence and Implications for Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the key provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act requires states to ensure that every teacher be "highly qualified." Though the meaning of "highly qualified" remains hotly contested, the legislation's emphasis on teachers is well founded. Nearly all modern research on the subject finds teacher effectiveness to be among the most important…

Corcoran, Sean P.

2007-01-01

397

School-Level Politics and Professional Development: Traps in Evaluating the Quality of Practicing Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher supervision and evaluation are fundamental responsibilities of the principal. Yet principals and teachers find their supervisory interactions to be difficult and unsatisfying experiences. This article explores the micropolitical context in which supervision and evaluation take place. Highlighting specific examples in New York City, the article argues that the environment in which teacher-principal interactions occur is shaped by union contracts,

Bruce S. Cooper; Patricia A. L. Ehrensal; Matthew Bromme

2005-01-01

398

Enhancing cultural competence for improved access to quality care.  

PubMed

The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) is situated in one of the most diverse cities in the world. This is reflected in the patient population it serves. In 2009, the hospital embarked on a quality improvement initiative to address the existing evidence base on health disparities and to enhance health equity through cultural competence programming. The goal was to achieve optimal health outcomes for all patients and families, with a particular focus on new immigrant and other vulnerable populations. Evaluation results indicate changes in clinical practice as a result of this initiative and increased patient satisfaction with regard to staff members' level of cultural sensitivity. This article provides an overview of this hospital-wide initiative, as well as the evaluation methods and outcomes. Based on a needs assessment, we developed an institutionally meaningful curriculum with SickKids' values of family-centred care, patient safety and service excellence embedded in the program. Educational sessions were delivered to clinical and non-clinical hospital staff, focusing on health disparities, the case for culturally competent care and practical tools for healthcare practitioners. Organizational change strategies, including the use of champions as change agents and role models, were used to embed cultural competence as integral to family-centred care at SickKids. PMID:22008574

Karmali, Karima; Grobovsky, Linda; Levy, Jennifer; Keatings, Margaret

2011-10-01

399

Water-quality management for reservoirs and tailwaters. report 2. operational and structural water quality enhancement techniques. Technical report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is the second of a series of reports on experimental and working water quality enhancement techniques. The methods included in this report are limited to operational or structural modifications to prevent physical and chemical problems typically encountered in CE reservoirs. Descriptive information on hydraulic structure types and their functional and structural characteristics is given. Enhancement techniques discussed include

R. E. Price; E. B. Meyer

1992-01-01

400

Coaching to Enhance Quality of Implementation in Prevention.  

PubMed

PURPOSE: This study describes topics covered by coaches assisting teachers implementing a research-based drug prevention program and explores how coaching affected student outcomes. DESIGN: The All Stars drug prevention curriculum was implemented by 16 urban teachers who received four coaching sessions. Two coaches participated. Coaches were interviewed by investigators to assess topics covered. Students completed pretest-posttest measures of mediators and substance use behaviors. FINDINGS: The average teacher was coached on 11.7 different topics, out of a total of 23 topics. Coaching topics most heavily emphasized included: introduction and wrap up; time management; general classroom management; teacher's movement around the class; asking open-ended questions; using students' questions, comments and examples to make desired points; general preparation; engaging high-risk youth; reading from the curriculum; implementing activities correctly; focusing on objectives and goals; maintaining a focus on the task; and improving depth of understanding. Seven coaching topics were found to relate to changes in student mediators and behavior. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: The current study was exploratory. Future research should explore how teachers develop the particular skills required by prevention programs and how coaches can assist them. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: We postulate five levels of skill development which coaches may address: (1) fundamental teaching skills, (2) mechanics of program delivery, (3) development of an interactive teaching style, (4) effective response to student input, and (5) effective tailoring and adaptation. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This represents one of a very few studies that explores how coaching impacts outcomes in substance abuse prevention. PMID:22022672

Dusenbury, Linda; Hansen, William B; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Pittman, Donna; Wilson, Cicely; Simley, Kathleen; Ringwalt, Christopher; Pankratz, Melinda; Giles, Steven

2010-01-01

401

Gettering and passivation techniques for quality enhancement of multicrystalline silicon  

SciTech Connect

A detailed investigation of quality enhancement techniques, such as PECVD SiO[sub 2]/SiN and forming gas anneal (FGA) for defect passivation, and Al and P diffusion for defect and impurity gettering, was conducted on promising PV multicrystalline Si materials. In selected cases FZ single crystal Si was used as baseline. It was found that PECVD SiO[sub 2] followed by photo-assisted anneal can result in extremely low surface recombination velocity ([lt]2 cm/s) on 500 [Omega]-cm FZ wafers, and very low interface state density (1--5[times]10[sup 10] eV[sup [minus]1] cm[sup [minus]2]) on 10 [Omega]-cm FZ wafers. The PECVD SiO[sub 2]/SiN coating increases the effective lifetime by a factor of 2 to 10, and decrease the surface recombination by a factor of 5--22, depending upon the multicrystalline material. Al treatment was found to getter process-induced as well as grown-in defects and impurities by providing a sink near the Al/Si interface. This is in addition to the BSF and light trapping effect of Al treatment. Presence of high stress or dislocation density in the material was found to enhance the gettering efficiency of the Al process. A 930 [degree]C phosphorus diffusion followed by an etch back was found to be optimum for emitter formation in multicrystalline Si cells, which resulted in high bulk lifetime without significant penalty from the heavy doping effects. PECVD SiO/SiN passivation of cast material increased bulk lifetime in the solar cell from 10 [mu]s to 20 [mu]s, and decreased the front surface recombination velocity from 2[times]10[sup 5] cm/s to 5[times]10[sup 4] cm/s. Finally, FGA in conjunction with Al treatment improved EFG Si cells efficiency by 5.3%, with 2.6% improvement resulting from the FGA alone, 1.5% from Al gettering alone, and 1.2% from Al diffusion and FGA interaction.

Rohatgi, A.; Chen, Z.; Sana, P.; Evers, N.; Ramanachalam, R.; Doolittle, A. (School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States))

1994-06-30

402

Teacher Training for Political Science PhD Students in Europe Determinants of a Tool for Enhanced Teaching in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we examine the state of teacher training for political science PhD candidates in the European Union and make a comparison with the situation in the United States. We investigate the determinants of supply and demand of teacher training. On the supply side, we suggest that research orientation and quality assurance are factors that…

Pleschova, Gabriela; Simon, Eszter

2009-01-01

403

An intelligent production workflow mining system for continual quality enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today’s globally competitive industries, high-quality and high-reliability products play an important role in achieving\\u000a customer satisfaction, and insisting on quality is always the only way to survive in an enterprise. Studies indicate that\\u000a automating quality audits and adding decision support in quality improvement is an attractive idea. In this environment, production\\u000a workflow mining is an approach for extracting knowledge

G. T. S. Ho; H. C. W. Lau; C. K. M. Lee; A. W. H. Ip; K. F. Pun

2006-01-01

404

The Quality of Special Education Teacher Training Programs: A Report to the Legislature in Response to Senate Resolution 1974-178.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a report to the Washington State Legislature on the quality of special education teacher training programs in Washington. School districts offering special education services and 10 colleges offering relevant teacher training were surveyed. Described are special education degree programs offered in Washington at the Associate,…

Kenny, Eleanore

405

Status of Improving Teacher Quality State Grants--Title II, Part A, No Child Left Behind. Commission Report 04-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This item provides an overview of projects in California's current portfolio of K-12 teacher professional development activities funded under the federal Dwight D. Eisenhower Professional State Grant and the Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) State Grant Programs. Under the two federal initiatives, since 1986 the Commission has received approximately…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2004

2004-01-01

406

Enhancing consultation practices on Air Quality Management in local authorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schedule 11 of the Environment Act 1995 underpins the requirement for consultation on air quality issues. The ongoing air quality review and assessment process represents one of the largest locally based science policy and communication initiatives ever undertaken in the UK. This paper outlines the practice of consultation and communication for Air Quality Management (AQM) and reviews the interaction between

Nurul Leksmono; Paul Dorfman; Frank Burnet; David Gibbs; James Longhurst; Emma Weitkamp

2010-01-01

407

Service Quality in Higher Education Using an Enhanced SERVQUAL Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Customer service and quality are driving forces in the business community. As higher educational institutions tussle for competitive advantage and high service quality, the evaluation of educational service quality is essential to provide motivation for and to give feedback on the effectiveness of educational plans and implementation. This…

Tan, Kay C.; Kek, Sei W.

2004-01-01

408

Enhancing efficiency and quality of ambulatory care through telehealth technology.  

PubMed

Technology has made great strides in healthcare, but has been slow in reaching a Senior's home or residence. At 35 million and growing, the Senior population is making it known that home is where they want to stay. Technology advancements in devices, communications, and wireless capability are now making possible the delivery of customized telehealth solutions to provide Seniors with "enabled independence," allowing them to confidently "age in place" at home or residence for much longer, with improved health outcomes and quality of life. Combined with traditional ambulatory care services, integrating telehealth technology services now allows delivery of "virtual assisted living" services at home that can more efficiently meet Senior health requirements, and can simplify other aspects of a Senior's life that can play a role in extending time at home. To be successful, an integrated service must be able to usefully address a range of activities of daily living-instrumental activities of daily living, and enhanced activities of daily living-requirements. Already proven in other areas such as radiology, intensive care units, prisons, and rural communities, companies are working to develop practical telehealth service offerings designed for the home or residence. These services must be (a) packaged to meet individual Senior needs and (b) reviewed and revised regularly to match changes in Senior requirements over time. A core element of this service is the use of regular "virtual visits" between healthcare professionals and a Senior at home or residence, which have been shown to both increase efficiency and Senior health outcomes. Another important element is centralizing key data from the telehealth technology into a single database to improve information delivered to a Senior's doctor, family, and other ambulatory care providers. North Shore eCare and other companies are conducting extensive market tests and pilot efforts to make sure service offerings meet Senior needs, and can be delivered cost-effectively. PMID:15968214

Prince, Thomas R; Croghan, John E; Sheridan, Phillip H; Weatherly, Jonathan D

409

The Contribution of Constructivist Instruction Accompanied by Concept Mapping in Enhancing Pre-Service Chemistry Teachers' Conceptual Understanding of Chemistry in the Laboratory Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study aimed to evaluate whether a chemistry laboratory course called "Laboratory Experiments in Science Education" based on constructivist instruction accompanied with concept mapping enhanced pre-service chemistry teachers' conceptual understanding. Data were collected from five pre-service chemistry teachers at a university in…

Aydin, Sevgi; Aydemir, Nurdane; Boz, Yezdan; Cetin-Dindar, Ayla; Bektas, Oktay

2009-01-01

410

Children's Attendance Rates and Quality of Teacher-Child Interactions in At-Risk Preschool Classrooms: Contribution to Children's Expressive Language Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present research examines whether children's daily attendance rates would be predictive of gains in expressive language within the context of high-quality preschool classrooms. The quality of preschool classrooms was assessed by measuring the quality of the teacher's interactions with the children in his or her classroom. Hierarchical linear…

Logan, Jessica A. R.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Justice, Laura M.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Petrill, Stephen

2011-01-01

411

Integrated Quality Enhancement and Review of Higher Education in Further Education Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Integrated Quality Enhancement and Review (IQER) was introduced as quality assurance designed specifically for Higher Education (HE) in Further Education Colleges (FEC) in 2008. Following a historical account of the quality assurance systems applied to HE in FECs prior to this date, we analyse the first 64 IQER Summative Review reports produced…

Davies, Philip; Simmons, Jonathan

2012-01-01

412

Quality Management and Enhancement Processes in UK Business Schools: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The aim of this paper is to provide insights into the processes that can be and have been adopted by UK business schools as they attempt to meet the Quality Assurance Agency's concern with the standard of quality management and enhancement. Design/methodology/approach: A review of the literature provides interpretations of quality,…

Hodgkinson, Myra; Kelly, Mike

2007-01-01

413

Enhancing Eighth Grade Students' Learning of Buoyancy: The Interaction of Teachers' Instructional Approach and Students' Learning Preference Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the potential of enhancing students' learning of difficult science concepts by exploring the interaction\\u000a between teachers' four different instructional approaches and students' four different learning preference styles. Students'\\u000a immediate performance and their retention for learning of buoyancy concepts serve to examine the effects, using the concept\\u000a of “buoyancy,” which has been classified as a difficult concept because

Hsiao-Ching She

2005-01-01

414

Professional Development Workshops in Science Education for Teacher Capacity Building* (*Funds for this project were provided by a grant from the federal Improving Teacher Quality State Grants (Title II, Part A) Professional Development Program administered by the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper features a school district with successful collaborative effort with other educational organizations for providing professional development programs to build teacher capacity. Increasingly, research confirms that teacher and teaching quality are the most powerful predictors of student success. By investing in teacher development, districts assure higher student achievement. What keeps good teachers are customized, sustained professional development programs that

Abha Gupta; Rudo Kashiri

415

Improving Iris Recognition Performance Using Segmentation, Quality Enhancement, Match Score Fusion, and Indexing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes algorithms for iris segmentation, quality enhancement, match score fusion, and indexing to improve both the accuracy and the speed of iris recognition. A curve evolution approach is proposed to effectively segment a nonideal iris image using the modified Mumford-Shah functional. Different enhancement algorithms are concurrently applied on the segmented iris image to produce multiple enhanced versions of

Mayank Vatsa; Richa Singh; Afzel Noore

2008-01-01

416

LSU Virtual Museum: Technology-Enhanced Geoscience Teacher Workshops for Louisiana K-8 Educators.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Virtual Museum, a Louisiana Board of Regents sponsored SELECT program, is a collaborative project between the Museum of Natural Science and the French Education Project at Louisiana State University. It offers Louisiana science teachers, in-training teachers, and immersion teachers a professional development program via six videoconferences. These videoconferences are broadcast from LSU to six distance-learning sites across the entire state of Louisiana. This unique teacher population was selected because in Louisiana, there are two types of K-8 science teachers: teachers in traditional classroom settings and teachers in immersion programs. In the Foreign language Immersion programs, the target language (French or Spanish) is the language of instruction and communication in the classroom. For each videoconference, teachers are provided content material that is prepared by geology faculty and graduate students, example of ongoing field research by LSU faculty members, classroom-ready activities, information on available loan material and on-line resources, training on the unique Scope-On-A-Rope microscope, pre-made PowerPoint presentations and virtual museum photos, all, in French and in English. Three of the videoconferences emphasize regional and statewide earth science topics including Louisiana fossils, rocks and minerals, and field techniques used to interpret Louisiana's geologic history. The activities provided for teachers are hands-on, inquiry based classroom exercises that focus on the availability of local materials. These activities can also be scaled for use in a variety of grade-levels and teachers are encouraged to use these activities in their classrooms. The program has proven to foster new collaboration between science teachers in regular programs and immersion schools while boosting the interest statewide for natural science topics.

Warny, S.; Egea-Kuehne, D.; Tedford, R.; Lopez, A.

2007-12-01

417

Enhancing TPACK with Assistive Technology: Promoting Inclusive Practices in Preservice Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the global community continues the transition from an industrialized factory model to an information and now participatory networked-based society, educational technology will play a pivotal role in preparing students for their futures. Many teacher preparation programs are failing to provide preservice teachers with the knowledge, skills, and…

Marino, Matthew T.; Sameshima, Pauline; Beecher, Constance C.

2009-01-01

418

Enhancement of Teacher Education and Practice in Elementary Science through Applications of Videodisk Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the use of videodisk technology to deliver instruction to preservice and in-service teachers for mastery of earth science concepts, and discusses its use as a research tool to improve teacher preparation in science education instructional methods for elementary schools. A science teaching model that underlies the research program is…

Romance, Nancy R.; Vitale, Michael R.

1991-01-01

419

The E.N.A.C.T. Model: Enhancing Teacher Candidates' Ability to Manage Student Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program description presents a model of critical reflection that has helped teacher candidates appropriately apply behavior management theory to resolve behavioral problems. The authors developed the ENACT (Examine, Name, Analyze, Critically evaluate, and Treat) model to help teacher candidates analyze the cause of inappropriate behaviors to…

Yost, Deborah S.; Mosca, Frank J.

2003-01-01

420

Enhancing Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge of Students' Thinking from Assessing and Analyzing Misconceptions in Homework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focuses on teacher learning of student thinking through grading homework, assessing and analyzing misconceptions. The data were collected from 10 teachers at fifth-eighth grade levels in the USA. The results show that assessing and analyzing misconceptions from grading homework is an important approach to acquiring knowledge of…

An, Shuhua; Wu, Zhonghe

2012-01-01

421

Can Instructional Technology Enhance the Way We Teach Students and Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article synthesizes research on technology integration in education with specific attention to the effects of computer-mediated environments on cognitive development, technology utilization in schools, and infusing technology in pre-service teacher education. The article identifies inadequate teacher preparation as the critical factor…

Brown, Dina

2006-01-01

422

Enhancing science teachers' understanding of ecosystem interactions with qualitative conceptual models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The project described in this article explores how a series of conceptual ecological models can be used to portray the improvement in ecological understanding over the span of a short course. The course involved high school teachers working collaboratively on ecological research projects. Teachers were asked to construct qualitative conceptual models (a diagram of important ecosystem components and the linkages

Marion Dresner; Monica Elser

2009-01-01

423

Enhancing TPACK With Assistive Technology: Promoting Inclusive Practices in Preservice Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the global community continues the transition from an industrialized factory model to an information and now participatory networked-based society, educational technology will play a pivotal role in preparing students for their futures. Many teacher preparation programs are failing to provide preservice teachers with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions necessary to adopt and utilize technology effectively. This paper presents an

Matthew T. Marino; Pauline Sameshima; Constance C. Beecher

2009-01-01

424

Teacher Characteristics and Teaching Styles as Effectiveness Enhancing Factors of Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined effects of teacher characteristics (gender, teacher education and certification, class management skills and job satisfaction) and teaching styles on indicators of good classroom practice in mathematics classes in secondary education by means of multilevel analysis. The study reveals that the presence of effective classroom…

Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Van Damme, Jan

2006-01-01

425

Enhancing TPACK with Assistive Technology: Promoting Inclusive Practices in Preservice Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the global community continues the transition from an industrialized factory model to an information and now participatory networked-based society, educational technology will play a pivotal role in preparing students for their futures. Many teacher preparation programs are failing to provide preservice teachers with the knowledge, skills, and…

Marino, Matthew T.; Sameshima, Pauline; Beecher, Constance C.

2009-01-01

426

Enhancing Cultural Competence among Teachers of African American Children Using Mediated Lesson Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers investigated if early childhood teachers could become reflective practitioners when they studied culturally specific constructs within a digital collegial environment. Three female African American early childhood teachers within three different settings (a faith-based primary school, a home school, and a government-funded pre-school…

West-Olatunji, Cirecie A.; Behar-Horenstein, Linda; Rant, Jeffrey; Cohen-Phillips, Lakechia N.

2008-01-01

427

Can Instructional Technology Enhance the Way We Teach Students and Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article synthesizes research on technology integration in education with specific attention to the effects of computer-mediated environments on cognitive development, technology utilization in schools, and infusing technology in pre-service teacher education. The article identifies inadequate teacher preparation as the critical factor…

Brown, Dina

2006-01-01

428

An Organizational and Task Perspective Model Aimed at Enhancing Teachers' Professional Development and Occupational Expertise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Currently, many countries, including the Netherlands, are "plagued" by severe, both quantitative and qualitative, teacher shortages that are even expected to increase in the years to come. Teachers' occupational development, therefore, has become an important issue on the research agenda of the respective countries. It is essential to develop…

Evers, Arnoud T.; Kreijns, Karel; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.; Gerrichhauzen, John T. G.

2011-01-01

429

Enhancing Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge of Students' Thinking from Assessing and Analyzing Misconceptions in Homework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on teacher learning of student thinking through grading homework, assessing and analyzing misconceptions. The data were collected from 10 teachers at fifth-eighth grade levels in the USA. The results show that assessing and analyzing misconceptions from grading homework is an important approach to acquiring knowledge of…

An, Shuhua; Wu, Zhonghe

2012-01-01

430

Using Literature to Enhance Content Area Instruction: A Guide for K-5 Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|RAuthor Rebecca Olness combines her love of children's literature and her experience as a classroom teacher and literacy specialist to show teachers that it is possible to teach both content and literacy concepts simultaneously. Chapters cover social studies, science, mathematics, and the arts. In these pages readers will find rationale and…

Olness, Rebecca

2007-01-01

431

Using Journal Writing to Enhance Student Teachers’ Reflectivity During Field Experience Placements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the use of reflective journals to facilitate student learning during a teacher education practicum. Thirty?five student teachers undertaking a 1?year Graduate Diploma of Education submitted weekly journal entries during their 11?week practicum and were interviewed at several stages about their educational beliefs and practices. Students were randomly assigned to four intervention conditions which varied the content of

John D. Bain; Roy Ballantyne; Jan Packer; Colleen Mills

1999-01-01

432

Teacher Enhancement for Elementary and Secondary Science and Mathematics: Status, Issues, and Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order for teachers to improve their effectiveness, they must be knowledgeable about student learning, curriculum developments, and new instructional approaches. This document discusses learning, curriculum reform, and teacher improvement. Chapter 1, "The National Perspective" (Stephen J. Fitzsimmons and Larry C. Kerpelman), prepares the way for…

Fitzsimmons, Stephen J., Ed.; Kerpelman, Larry C., Ed.

433

School-Level Politics and Professional Development: Traps in Evaluating the Quality of Practicing Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher supervision and evaluation are fundamental responsibilities of the principal. Yet principals and teachers find their supervisory interactions to be difficult and unsatisfying experiences. This article explores the micropolitical context in which supervision and evaluation take place. Highlighting specific examples in New York City, the…

Cooper, Bruce S.; Ehrensal, Patricia A. L.; Bromme, Matthew

2005-01-01

434

The Rural Practicum: Preparing a Quality Teacher Workforce for Rural and Regional Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Communities play a critical role in supporting pre-service teachers during rural and regional professional experience. This support, coupled with access to teacher educators and university resources, appears to positively influence graduate attitudes toward taking up a rural appointment. These are among the key findings to emerge from open-ended…

Kline, Jodie; White, Simone; Lock, Graeme

2013-01-01

435

The Graduate Teacher Programme in England: Mentor Training, Quality Assurance and the Findings of Inspection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In its recent report on the Graduate Teacher Programme (GTP), an employment-based route to Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) in England, the Government's Office for Standards in Education found that, although almost all trainees meet the standards required to qualify, too often they do so at an adequate level, rather than achieving the high levels…

Brookes, Winston

2005-01-01

436

The Link between Teacher Quality and Student Outcomes: A Research Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal law emphasizes the need for states and districts to ensure that "all" students--particularly at-risk students, minority students, and students in high-poverty areas--have access to highly qualified, experienced teachers. But is it sufficient for a teacher to have "paper" qualifications and teaching experience? After all, appropriate…

Goe, Laura

2007-01-01

437

Quality Assurance in Sri Lankan Teacher Training Evaluation Procedures for the Assessment of the Internship Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2002 guidelines for the implementation of the in- ternship programme for prospective teachers have been re- leased in a joint venture by the Basic Education Sector Pro- gramme (BESP) of the GTZ (Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit\\/German Technical Cooperation) and the Pro- fessional Development Centre (Teacher Education) of the Na- tional Institute for Education of Sri Lanka (NIE). These guide-

G. L. Senarath Nanayakkara; Klaus D. Neumann; Philipp Pohlenz

438

Certification Requirements and Teacher Quality: A Comparison of Alternative Routes to Teaching. Working Paper 64  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traditionally, states have required individuals complete a program of study in a university-based teacher preparation program in order to be licensed to teach. In recent years, however, various "alternative certification" programs have been developed and the number of teachers obtaining teaching certificates through routes other than completing a…

Sass, Tim R.

2011-01-01

439

Raising the quality of vocational teachers: continuing professional development in England, Wales and Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

The view that vocational education and training is central to economic prosperity and social well?being is one that is widely held by policy?makers in many countries. Delivering this agenda requires skilled and professional teachers. Ensuring that vocational teachers are able to maintain and develop both their ‘craft’ skills and pedagogy, through continuing professional development (CPD), is, therefore, a growing area

Caroline Lloyd; Jonathan Payne

2010-01-01

440

Application of Principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) in Teacher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The indomitable spirit of higher education paves the way for the growth of a nation in the political, economic, social, intellectual and spiritual dimensions. Teacher education is one of the areas in higher education which trains student-teachers in pedagogy, which in turn helps them to train the young minds of educational institutions. The "Fate…

Manivannan, M.; Premila, K. S.

2009-01-01

441

Can Teacher Quality Be Effectively Assessed? National Board Certification as a Signal of Effective Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, we describe the results a study assessing the relationship between the certification of teachers by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) and elementary level student achievement. We examine whether NBPTS assesses the most effective applicants, whether certification by NBPTS serves as a signal of teacher

Goldhaber, Dan; Anthony, Emily

2005-01-01

442

The Rural Practicum: Preparing a Quality Teacher Workforce for Rural and Regional Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communities play a critical role in supporting pre-service teachers during rural and regional professional experience. This support, coupled with access to teacher educators and university resources, appears to positively influence graduate attitudes toward taking up a rural appointment. These are among the key findings to emerge from open-ended…

Kline, Jodie; White, Simone; Lock, Graeme

2013-01-01

443

Quality assessment technique (QAT) of Virtual Learning Resources (VLR) in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual Learning Education (VLE) is a rapidly growing area in Education. Traditional forms of teacher education are transformed, as the Internet becomes a new medium for communication. Traditionally teachers have fulfilled dual roles as presenters of structured information and social agents in the educational process. Students are in need of good interactive resources with learning tools and techniques. Hence, there

A. Kovalan; N. Balasubramanian

2008-01-01

444

Raising the Quality of Vocational Teachers: Continuing Professional Development in England, Wales and Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The view that vocational education and training is central to economic prosperity and social well-being is one that is widely held by policy-makers in many countries. Delivering this agenda requires skilled and professional teachers. Ensuring that vocational teachers are able to maintain and develop both their "craft" skills and pedagogy, through…

Lloyd, Caroline; Payne, Jonathan

2012-01-01

445

Qualities of Historical Writing Instruction: A Comparative Case Study of Two Teachers' Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the practices of two high school teachers of U.S. history and their students' performance on evidence-based history essays over 7 months. Data include pre- and posttest essays, interviews, observations, teacher feedback, assignments, and readings. Qualitative and quantitative comparisons of 42 students' work show that one class…

Monte-Sano, Chauncey

2008-01-01

446

High-Quality Professional Development for All Teachers: Effectively Allocating Resources. Research & Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Research & Policy Brief addresses the aspect of the teacher support system that is perhaps the most important and often the most weakly implemented: teacher learning and development. This brief includes the following to help state and district leaders select professional learning activities that are worth the allocation of scarce resources:…

Archibald, Sarah; Coggshall, Jane G.; Croft, Andrew; Goe, Laura

2011-01-01

447

Recruiting, Retaining, and Preparing Quality Urban Teachers: The Urban Learning Program (ULRN)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study's goals were to describe an urban, blended undergraduate/teacher preparation program and to assess its effectiveness in recruiting, retaining, and preparing diverse teachers to teach in urban schools. Methods used included a 43-item, on-line survey and semi-structured interviews. One hundred nine undergraduates (68%) responded to the…

Wood, Ann L.; Lewis, James L.

2011-01-01

448

Teacher Quality in Michigan: A School-Level Analysis of the Detroit Metropolitan Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the low-performing schools and students are in urban districts where poverty is high, where large proportions of students have limited English proficiency, and where students perform poorly on achievement tests. Moreover, urban districts face numerous challenges, including attracting teachers to their schools and optimizing their hiring, transfer, and retention policies so that they bring the best available teachers

Marytza Anne Gawlik; C. Philip Kearney; Michael F. Addonizio; Frances LaPlante-Sosnowsky

2012-01-01

449

Within-School Variation in Teacher Quality: The Case of Ninth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is abundant evidence that ninth grade is a critical year for students, particularly those enrolled in large urban school districts. Despite the importance of the freshman year for subsequent academic success, the existence of teacher status systems within schools suggests that ninth graders, who are traditionally viewed by teachers as…

Neild, Ruth Curran; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

450

2006 Revision to the Utah Plan to Ensure High Quality Teachers for All Utah Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a letter dated June 1, 2006, Utah informed the U.S. Department of Education (ED) of its intention to carefully and thoughtfully revise its Highly Qualified Teacher (HQT) plan with the aim of achieving the goal set in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of having all teachers meet highly qualified (HQ) requirements by the end of the 2006-2007…

Utah State Office of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

451

Observed Characteristics and Teacher Quality: Impacts of Sample Selection on a Value Added Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We measure the impact of observed teacher characteristics on student math and reading proficiency using a rich dataset from Florida. We expand upon prior work by accounting directly for nonrandom attrition of teachers from the classroom in a sample selection framework. We find evidence that sample selection is present in the estimation of the…

Winters, Marcus A.; Dixon, Bruce L.; Greene, Jay P.

2012-01-01

452

Children's Cortisol and the Quality of Teacher-Child Relationships in Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher-child relationships were examined as predictors of cortisol change in preschool children. Saliva for assays was collected from one hundred and ninety-one 4-year-olds (101 boys) in the mornings and afternoons on 2 days at child care, and before and after a series of challenging tasks and a teacher-child interaction session outside the…

Lisonbee, Jared A.; Mize, Jacquelyn; Payne, Amie Lapp; Granger, Douglas A.

2008-01-01

453

Closing the Teacher Quality Gap in Philadelphia: New Hope and Old Hurdles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, three specific questions guide the analyses that follow: (1) To what degree has the School District of Philadelphia upgraded the teaching credentials of its teachers? (2) How well has the district succeeded in reducing teacher attrition and increasing the experience level of its workforce? (3) Have district efforts since the state…

Useem, Elizabeth; Offenberg, Robert; Farley, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

454

Enhancing Early Child Care Quality and Learning for Toddlers at Risk: The Responsive Early Childhood Program.  

PubMed

Despite reports of positive effects of high-quality child care, few experimental studies have examined the process of improving low-quality center-based care for toddler-age children. In this article, we report intervention effects on child care teachers' behaviors and children's social, emotional, behavioral, early literacy, language, and math outcomes as well as the teacher-child relationship. The intervention targeted the use of a set of responsive teacher practices, derived from attachment and sociocultural theories, and a comprehensive curriculum. Sixty-five childcare classrooms serving low-income 2- and 3-year-old children were randomized into 3 conditions: business-as-usual control, Responsive Early Childhood Curriculum (RECC), and RECC plus explicit social-emotional classroom activities (RECC+). Classroom observations showed greater gains for RECC and RECC+ teachers' responsive practices including helping children manage their behavior, establishing a predictable schedule, and use of cognitively stimulating activities (e.g., shared book reading) compared with controls; however, teacher behaviors did not differ for focal areas such as sensitivity and positive discipline supports. Child assessments demonstrated that children in the interventions outperformed controls in areas of social and emotional development, although children's performance in control and intervention groups was similar for cognitive skills (language, literacy, and math). Results support the positive impact of responsive teachers and environments providing appropriate support for toddlers' social and emotional development. Possible explanations for the absence of systematic differences in children's cognitive skills are considered, including implications for practice and future research targeting low-income toddlers. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23772822

Landry, Susan H; Zucker, Tricia A; Taylor, Heather B; Swank, Paul R; Williams, Jeffrey M; Assel, Michael; Crawford, April; Huang, Weihua; Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine; Lonigan, Christopher J; Phillips, Beth M; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L; de Villiers, Jill; de Villiers, Peter; Barnes, Marcia; Starkey, Prentice; Klein, Alice

2013-06-17

455

Concentrated biogas slurry enhanced soil fertility and tomato quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biogas slurry is a cheap source of plant nutrients and can offer extra benefits to soil fertility and fruit quality. However, its current utilization mode and low content of active ingredients limit its further development. In this paper, a one-growing-season field study was conducted to assess the effects of concentrated biogas slurry on soil property, tomato fruit quality, and composition

Fang-Bo Yu; Xi-Ping Luo; Cheng-Fang Song; Miao-Xian Zhang; Sheng-Dao Shan

2010-01-01

456

The Empty Nest Syndrome: Ways to Enhance Quality of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Empty nest syndrome occurs as a result of urbanization and loosened relationships among family members. It may threaten the life quality of older adults and stability of society as a whole. This survey was designed to investigate the situation and factors that influence the life quality of a sample of older adults in a western state. Thirty-five…

Chen, Dianbing; Yang, Xinxiao; Aagard, Steve Dale

2012-01-01

457

The Effects of Teachers' Attitudes toward Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aimed to provide an answer to whether a given seminar on total quality management (TQM) to primary school teachers can enhance their positive attitudes toward classroom management or not. The participants in this study were teachers working in Cengiz Topel Primary School and Yil Primary School. Both schools are located in Adiyaman, a…

Aksu, Mualla Bilgin; Caglar, Caglar

2006-01-01

458

Promoting Transformative Learning of Preservice Teachers through Contemplative Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Preservice teacher is an important role to fulfill quality of education in the future. They have to be initially grown transformative learning for helping students to aware knowing and nature of knowledge. This paper explores an application of contemplative practices, which enhance transformative learning of preservice teachers. Forty four…

Nuangchalerm, Prasart; Prachagool, Veena

2010-01-01

459

A Study of Teacher-Mediated Enhancement of Students' Organization of Earth Science Knowledge Using Web Diagrams as a Teaching Device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current research indicates that students with enhanced knowledge networks are more effective in learning science content and applying higher order thinking skills in open-ended inquiry learning. This research examined teacher implementation of a novel teaching strategy called “web diagramming,” a form of network mapping, in a secondary school earth science class. We report evidence for student improvement in knowledge networking, questionnaire-based reports by the students on the merits of web diagramming in terms of interest and usefulness, and information on the collaborating teacher’s perceptions of the process of implementation, including implications for teacher education. This is among the first reports that teachers can be provided with strategies to enhance student knowledge networking capacity, especially for those students whose initial networking scores are among the lowest.

Anderson, O. Roger; Contino, Julie

2010-10-01

460

Are Boys Better Off with Male and Girls with Female Teachers? A Multilevel Investigation of Measurement Invariance and Gender Match in Teacher-Student Relationship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although research consistently points to poorer teacher-student relationships for boys than girls, there are no studies that take into account the effects of teacher gender and control for possible measurement non-invariance across student and teacher gender. This study addressed both issues. The sample included 649 primary school teachers (182…

Spilt, Jantine L.; Koomen, Helma M. Y.; Jak, Suzanne

2012-01-01

461

Recognition Performance and Perceived Quality of Video Enhanced for the Visually Impaired  

PubMed Central

Summary Subjects with central field loss (CFL) individually selected enhancement parameters to improve visibility of static video images. The effect of enhancement on performance and on perceived quality of motion video was assessed. Performance, e.g., recognition of visual details, was assessed by having subjects answer questions regarding visual information contained in the video motion segments that were enhanced using the individually selected parameters. Enhancement did not improve subject performance on questions about video content. This result might be due to a ceiling effect limitation of the performance assessment method. In a second procedure, subjects’ continuous perceptions of quality (using an adjective-based rating scale) were made while the enhancement parameters were abruptly switched among multiple values (including the individually selected enhancements, as well as unenhanced, over-enhanced, and degraded segments. The results indicate that adaptive enhancement (individually-tuned using a static image) adds significantly to perceived image quality when viewing motion video. Subjects who selected stronger contrast enhancement also perceived the enhancement to provide a larger benefit in image quality.

Peli, Eli

2005-01-01

462

Authentic Research Experiences for Nevada High School Teachers and Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the Nevada Science Teacher Enhancement Project (N-STEP), a three-year teacher enhancement program funded by the National Science Foundation. As part of the project, high school teachers worked closely with research scientists, education faculty, and high school students on authentic field-based research projects in geosciences, biological sciences or social sciences. Interviews with teachers and students suggest strongly that they were positively influenced in a number of ways by their involvement in the project. Scientists involved in the project generally found data collected to be of high quality and suitable for inclusion in their research.

Buck, Paul

2003-01-01

463

Teachers' Perceptions of the Effective Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, researchers qualitatively analyzed middle school teacher participant perceptions of qualities of teacher effectiveness across 3 years (2006-2009) through 66 focus group sessions by comparing the participants' identified qualities to Stronge's (2007) Teacher Skills Assessment Checklist. Surprisingly, a disproportionate number…

Watson, S.; Miller, T.; Davis, L.; Carter, P.

2010-01-01

464

The relationship between urban and suburban teachers' perceptions of participation in professional development activities and job satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 21st century calls for greater accountability and effectiveness in public education. To answer the call for highly qualified teachers and respond to personal and professional needs of teachers, professional development providers should offer teachers professional development activities that enhance the quality of life and improve teaching practices. The purpose of this study was to investigate and analyze factors responsible

Rosalyn J Whitehead

2006-01-01

465

Enhancing Professional Development for Teachers: Potential Uses of Information Technology, Report of a Workshop.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a comprehensive overview of a unique workshop, held to explore a vision of the potential of online teacher professional development, its challenges, and the research needed to understand and advance this rapidly emerging area. In the worksh...

2009-01-01

466

CITIZENS WATER QUALITY MONITORING & MARINE HABITAT ENHANCEMENT PROJECT  

EPA Science Inventory

Plant 9,000 marsh grass plants along Bayou Lafourches banks, the regions hurricane protection levees, and the marshlands surrounding Bayou Lafourche, thereby enhancing coastal areas and marine habitat. These plantings will be designed to simultaneously raise community awareness ...

467

Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: A Review of State Policy Evidence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using data from a 50-state survey of policies, state case study analyses, the 1993- 94 Schools and Staffing Surveys (SASS), and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), this study examines the ways in which teacher qualifications and other ...

L. Darling-Hammond

1999-01-01

468

Enhancing the Efficacy of Teacher Incentives through Loss Aversion: A Field Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic attempts to use financial incentives for teachers to increase student achievement have been ineffective. In this paper, we demonstrate that exploiting the power of loss aversion—teachers are paid in advance and asked to give back the money if their students do not improve sufficiently—increases math test scores between 0.201 (0.076) and 0.398 (0.129) standard deviations. This is equivalent to

Roland G. Fryer Jr; Steven D. Levitt; John List; Sally Sadoff

2012-01-01

469

[Michigan Technological University Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program]. Progress performance report  

SciTech Connect

The Michigan Technological University Teacher Education Program received funding from the US Department of Energy for the purpose of providing capable and suitably inclined, MTU Engineering and Science students a chance to explore high school level science and mathematics teaching as a career option. Ten undergraduate students were selected from nominations and were paired with mentor teachers for the study. This report covers the experience of the first ten nominees and their participation in the program.

Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.L.

1993-04-27

470

No Child Misunderstood: Enhancing Early Childhood Teachers’ Multicultural Responsiveness to the Social Competence of Diverse Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of rapid demographic changes in our society, more children from diverse racial\\/cultural backgrounds join our early\\u000a childhood classrooms. The majority of early childhood teachers, on the other hand, are middle-class and of European-decent.\\u000a This paper provides early childhood teachers with both theoretical and practical understandings about multicultural responsiveness,\\u000a in order to understand and promote social competence of

Heejeong Sophia Han; M. Shelley Thomas

2010-01-01

471

Qualities of Historical Writing Instruction: A Comparative Case Study of Two Teachers’ Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the practices of two high school teachers of U.S. history and their students’ performance on evidence-based history essays over 7 months. Data include pre- and posttest essays, interviews, observations, teacher feedback, assignments, and readings. Qualitative and quantitative comparisons of 42 students’ work show that one class improved in writing evidence-based history essays whereas the other did not.

Chauncey Monte-Sano

2008-01-01

472

Enhancement of Pre-Service Teachers' Teaching Interventions with the Aid of Historical Examples  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper focuses on the attempt to include a historical perspective in a pre-service teacher education course. It is based on the design research approach and the main aim is the development of a product, a module for student-teachers’ actual involvement in the historic teaching design process. Student-teachers were presented and familiarized with the reasons for including a historical component in teaching, and with the meaning and teaching function of three historical examples. They were asked to search for historical materials on the basis of which they had to design teaching interventions justifying their choices. Total of 74 teaching interventions have been analyzed and a systemic network has been produced with the identified categories of their characteristics. Two case studies of students’ interventions with their historical materials are also discussed. Findings show that the group of student-teachers studied was able to develop a range of interesting materials. Traditional models of teaching that are held by student-teachers are obstacles for substantiating the historical perspective. Only a few student-teachers succeed in stating meaningful epistemic goals, while some others lack awareness of the potential of their own material for communicating aspects of the nature of science to students. Results appear that can lead to a future module’s revision, and further research steps.

Spiliotopoulou-Papantoniou, Vasiliki; Agelopoulos, Konstantinos

2009-09-01

473

Using service quality to enhance the perceived quality of store brands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of store brands in frequently purchased consumer goods marketing has been clearly established over the past decade. Marketing studies have consistently shown that perceived quality is a key determinant of store brands' success. This paper examines the impacts of five dimensions of retail service quality on the perceived quality of store brands: physical aspects, reliability, personal interaction, problem

Min-Hsin Huang

2009-01-01

474

Quality enhancement of parallel MDP flows with mask suppliers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For many maskshops, designed parallel mask data preparation (MDP) flows accompanying with a final data comparison are viewed as a reliable method that could reduce quality risks caused by mis-operation. However, in recent years, more and more mask data mistakes have shown that present parallel MDP flows could not capture all mask data errors yet. In this paper, we will show major failure models of parallel MDP flows from analyzing MDP quality accidents and share our approaches to achieve further improvement with mask suppliers together.

Deng, Erwin; Lee, Rachel; Lee, Chun Der

2013-06-01

475

Early-Care and Education Teachers' Perception of High Quality Early-Care and Education Programming in Relation to Their Educational Attainment Level and Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early-care and education research, relative to positive outcomes for young children, birth through age five, enrolled in high quality early-care and education programs is compelling. This same research also names the classroom teacher as pivotal in establishing and maintaining high quality within their classrooms and practices. Currently, within…

Bechtold, Joy Marie

2011-01-01

476

The Effect of the Use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative Training in the Pilot Districts on the Sustained Use of Quality Tools by Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the late 1990s, teachers in five pilot districts in Ohio were trained during the Baldrige in Education Initiative (BiE IN). Training included Baldrige's theory, quality process and quality tools. The study was a follow-up to determine the effect of the use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative training in the pilot districts (and other early…

Schmidbauer, Hollace J.

2010-01-01

477

Early-Care and Education Teachers' Perception of High Quality Early-Care and Education Programming in Relation to Their Educational Attainment Level and Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early-care and education research, relative to positive outcomes for young children, birth through age five, enrolled in high quality early-care and education programs is compelling. This same research also names the classroom teacher as pivotal in establishing and maintaining high quality within their classrooms and practices. Currently, within…

Bechtold, Joy Marie

2011-01-01

478

Small Steps Lead to Quality Assurance and Enhancement in Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a brief overview of Qatar University's history since it was started in 1973. Its primary focus is on the various small, but important, steps taken by the University to address the needs of quality assurance and enhancement. The Qatar University Reform Plan is described in detail. Its aims are to continually improve the quality

Al Attiyah, Asma; Khalifa, Batoul

2009-01-01

479

THE ECONOMICS OF FLOW ENHANCEMENT VS. NUTRIENT CONTROLS IN MEETING WATER QUALITY STANDARDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the economics of using enhanced flow as part of a strategy to meet water quality standards. We begin by briefly sketching the relevant economic theory, which we then apply to a case study of a dissolved oxygen impaired stream segment in Georgia'?s Flint River Basin. Results show that meeting targeted water quality standards with strategies that include

Andrew G. Keeler; Leslie Marbury

2004-01-01

480

Enhancing the Quality and Trust of Citizen Science Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet, Web 2.0 and Social Networking technologies are enabling citizens to actively participate in “citizen science” projects by contributing data to scientific programs. However, the limited expertise of contributors can lead to poor quality or misleading data being submitted. Subsequently, the scientific community often perceive citizen science data as not worthy of being used in serious scientific research. In

Abdulmonem Alabri; Jane Hunter

2010-01-01

481

Quality enhancement of reconfigurable multichip module systems by redundancy utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the quality effectiveness of redundancy utilization in reconfigurable multichip mode (RMCM) systems. Due to reconfigurability, the RMCM system can implement a device with different redundancy levels. A redundancy level is determined by the requirement of fault tolerance (FT) of the device under implementation which can be realized through reconfiguration. No previous work has adequately investigated the effect

Minsu Choi; Fabrizio Lombardi; Vincenzo Piuri

2002-01-01

482

Using quality improvement strategies to enhance pediatric pain assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To evaluate the impact of a quality improvement approach to implementing developmentally appropriate pain assessment guidelines for pediatric inpatients. Patient and staff satisfaction with pain assessment and management, and staff documentation were evaluated one year following the implementation of the revised pain assessment guidelines. Design. Quasi-experimental design. Setting. The pediatric hematology\\/oncology unit of a regional children's hospital. Study participants.

MARSHA J. TREADWELL; LINDA S. FRANCK; ELLIOTT VICHINSKY

2002-01-01

483

Synchronization-Sensitive Frame Estimation: Video Quality Enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Network transmission is liable to errors and data loss. In movie transmission, packets of video frames are subject to loss or even explicit elimination for many reasons including congestion handling and the achievement of higher compression. Not only does the loss of video frames cause significant reduction in video quality, but it could also cause a loss of synchronization between

Sherif G. Aly; Abdou Youssef

2002-01-01

484

Multiple Perspectives: Whither Scholarship in the Work of Enhancing the Quality of Teaching and Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whither Scholarship in the Work of Enhancing the Quality of Teaching and Learning? This is an important query because it acknowledges, embraces, questions, and challenges the role of scholarship in enhancing teaching and learning. Interestingly, these four verbs help the author categorize her perspectives on the use of scholarship. Drawing from…

Dangel, Julie Rainer

2011-01-01

485

Microgrid power quality enhancement using a three-phase four-wire grid-interfacing compensator  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a three-phase four-wire grid-interfacing power quality compensator for microgrid applications. The compensator is proposed for use with each individual distributed generation (DG) system in the microgrid and consists of two four-phase-leg inverters (a shunt and a series), optimally controlled to achieve an enhancement of both the quality of power within the microgrid and the quality of currents

Yunwei Li; D. Mahinda Vilathgamuwa; Poh Chiang Loh

2005-01-01

486

Measuring perceived video quality of MPEG enhancement by people with impaired vision  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used a new method to measure the perceived quality of contrast-enhanced motion video. Patients with im- paired vision n=24 and normally sighted subjects n=6 adjusted the level of MPEG-based enhancement of 8 videos (4 min each) drawn from 4 categories. They selected the level of enhancement that provided the pre- ferred view of the videos, using a decreasing-step-size staircase

Matthew Fullerton; Russell L. Woods; Fuensanta A. Vera-Diaz; Eli Peli

2007-01-01

487

SeaWiFS Project: Teacher's Resources (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) is to provide quantitative data on global ocean bio-optical properties to the Earth science community. Subtle changes in ocean color signify various types and quantities of marine phytoplankton (microscopic marine plants), the knowledge of which has both scientific and practical applications. In addition to selected links to related external sites, the Project's Teacher Resources page includes internal links to information on SeaWiFS imagery, related activities in the Living Ocean Teacher's Guide, tutorials on remote sensing, images and notes on a teacher workshop for incorporating SeaWiFS into teaching curricula, a tutorial on classic Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) scenes, and the Colors of Life, a set of stories and animations about SeaWiFS and the Carbon Cycle.

488

Enhancing Data Warehouse Quality with the NFR Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, Data Warehouse has emerged as a powerful technology for integrating heterogeneous data into a multidimensional repository on behalf of decision-support analysis. The complex extraction, transformation and loading process involved, as well as the aggregational-intensive queries are governed by a multitude of quality factors such as integrity, accessibility, performance, and other domain-specific non-functional requirements (NFRs). This clearly advocates

Fábio Rilston; Silva Paim; Jaelson Brelaz de Castro

489

On the visual quality enhancement of super-resolution images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Super-resolution (SR) is the process of obtaining a higher resolution image from a set of lower resolution (LR) blurred and noisy images. One may, then, envision a scenario where a set of LR images is acquired with a sensor on a moving platform. In such a case, an SR image can be reconstructed in an area of sufficient overlap between the LR images which generally have a relative shift with respect to each other by subpixel amounts. The visual quality of the SR image is affected by many factors such as the optics blur, the inherent signalto- noise ratio of the system, quantization artifacts, the number of scenels (scene elements) i.e., the number of overlapped images used for SR reconstruction within the SR grid and their relative arrangement. In most cases of microscanning, the subpixel shifts between the LR images are pre-determined: hence the number of the scenels within the SR grid and their relative positions with respect to each other are known and, as a result, can be used in obtaining the reconstructed SR image with high quality. However, the LR images may have relative shifts that are unknown. This random pattern of subpixel shifts can lead to unpleasant visual quality, especially at the edges of the reconstructed SR image. Also, depending on the available number of the LR images and their relative positions, it may be possible to produce SR only along a single dimension diagonal, horizontal or vertical and use interpolation in the orthogonal dimension because there isn't sufficient information to produce a full 2D image. We investigate the impact of the number of overlapped regions and their relative arrangement on the quality of the SR images, and propose a technique that optimally allocates the available LR scenels to the SR grid in order to minimize the expected unpleasant visual artifacts.

Yousef, Amr Hussein; Li, Jiang; Karim, Mohammad

2011-09-01

490

Time-Out on Timing: The Relationship between the Timing of Teacher Hires and Teacher Quality. Working Paper 2009-04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in understanding how principals and school districts hire teachers has increased as empirical evidence on teacher effectiveness has grown. Case studies suggest late hiring timelines are pervasive in large urban school districts and result in the loss of more qualified teachers to surrounding suburbs. This paper uses labor market fixed…

Engel, Mimi

2009-01-01

491

Techniques for enhancing real-time CORBA quality of service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract End-to-end predictability of remote operations is essential for many fixed-priority distributed real-time and embedded,(DRE) applications, such as command and control systems, manufacturing process control systems, large-scale distributed interactive simulations, and testbeam data acquisition systems. To enhance predictability, the Real-time CORBA specification defines standard middleware,features that allow applications to allocate, schedule, and control key CPU, memory, and networking,resources necessary to

Irfan Pyarali; Douglas C. Schmidt; RON K. CYTRON

2003-01-01

492

Designing and implementing a case-based learning environment for enhancing ill-structured problem solving: classroom management problems for prospective teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This design-based research study is aimed at two goals: (1) developing a feasible case-based instructional model that could\\u000a enhance college students’ ill-structured problem solving abilities, while (2) implementing the model to improve teacher education\\u000a students’ real-world problem solving abilities to deal with dilemmas faced by practicing teachers in elementary classrooms.\\u000a To achieve these goals, an online case-based learning environment for

Ikseon Choi; Kyunghwa Lee

2009-01-01

493

Using Process Drama to Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Understanding of Science and Religion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|I report an action research study that aimed at improving Thai pre-service teachers' understanding of the relationship between science and religion and at assisting them to respond to this issue in a science classroom. The participants were twelve post-grad students pursuing Master of Art in Teaching Science at Kasetsart University. They took a…

Pongsophon, Pongprapan

2010-01-01

494

Electronic Performance Support Systems: A New Opportunity to Enhance Teacher Effectiveness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes electronic performance support systems (EPSS) as an opportunity to view the preparation and support of teachers from a new perspective. EPSS are integrated computer-based systems that provide timely information, useful advice, relevant instruction, and productivity tools at the moment of need. They represent a shift in the traditional notion that the application of skills and knowledge previously

Robin T. Chiero

1996-01-01

495

Reviewing Newspaper Articles as a Technique for Enhancing the Scientific Literacy of Student-Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to understand and evaluate news reporting of science is often cited as an attribute of a scientifically literate person. This work reports on an attempt to develop such attributes in a group of 19 student-teachers. They were introduced to a review technique designed to help them evaluate newspaper representation of science and engage…

Elliott, Paul

2006-01-01

496

Preparing teachers for inclusive education: using inclusive pedagogy to enhance teaching and learning for all  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the concept of ‘inclusive education’ has gained currency, students who would previously have been referred to specialist forms of provision, having been judged ‘less able’, are now believed to belong in mainstream classrooms. However, it is often argued that teachers lack the necessary knowledge and skills to work with such students in inclusive classrooms. This paper reports findings of

Lani Florian; Holly Linklater

2010-01-01

497

Using Dynamic Sketches to Enhance Preservice Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Understanding of Limits of Sequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates 3 preservice secondary mathematics teachers' understandings of limits of sequences and their changing conceptions of limit during and after instruction involving interactive, dynamic sketches embodying the formal definition of the limit of a sequence. Manipulating a coherent visual representation of the formal definition in…

Cory, Beth L.; Garofalo, Joe

2011-01-01

498

A School-Based Urban Teacher Education Program That Enhances School-Community Connections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Urban schools today face numerous challenges. Urban poverty; high mobility in and out of neighborhoods; schools with inadequate funding to cover the educational, social, and health needs of urban children and their families; and high teacher turnover are just a few of the vital issues that call for partnerships with communities, service agencies,…

Noel, Jana

2008-01-01

499

Evaluating Video Models of Evidence-Based Instructional Practices to Enhance Teacher Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A process was developed to create Web-based video models of effective instructional practices for use in teacher education settings. Three video models, created at three university sites, demonstrated exemplary implementation of specific, evidence-based strategies in reading, math, and science. Video models of strategies were field tested with…

Dieker, Lisa A.; Lane, Holly B.; Allsopp, David H.; O'Brien, Chris; Butler, Tyran Wright; Kyger, Maggie; Lovin, LouAnn; Fenty, Nicole S.

2009-01-01

500

Enhancing Higher Order Thinking Skills among Inservice Science Teachers via Embedded Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testing students on higher order thinking skills may reinforce these skills among them. To research this assertion, we developed a graduate course for inservice science teachers in a framework of a "Journal Club"--a hybrid course which combines face-to-face classroom discussions with online activities, interrelating teaching, learning, and…

Barak, Miri; Dori, Yehudit Judy

2009-01-01