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1

34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

2011-07-01

2

34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

2014-07-01

3

34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

2013-07-01

4

34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

2012-07-01

5

34 CFR 611.2 - What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants...EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS... § 611.2 What management plan must be included in a Teacher Quality Enhancement...

2010-07-01

6

Teachers’ Conceptions of Quality and Organisational Values in Higher Education: Compliance or Enhancement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are often assumed to have a negative attitude towards quality endeavours of their institutions and to hold defensive organisational values. However, there is little empirical research on this issue. This study focuses on teachers' conceptions of quality, on their preferred organisational values and on the relationships between the two. A…

Kleijnen, Jan; Dolmans, Diana; Willems, Jos; Van Hout, Hans

2013-01-01

7

A Project to Enhance Superintendents' Knowledge and Application of Characteristics of High Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a problem based learning project focusing on superintendents' knowledge of the characteristics of high quality teachers. Current research findings offer evidence teacher quality is an important school variable related to student achievement. School district leaders are faced with the problem of identifying the characteristics…

Pummill, Bret L.; Edson, Jerry C.; Loftin, Michelle M.; Robinson, Matthew A.

2011-01-01

8

Teacher Quality Toolkit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Teacher Quality Toolkit aims to support the continuum of teacher learning by providing tools that institutions of higher education, districts, and schools can use to improve both preservice and inservice teacher education. The toolkit incorporates McREL?s accumulated knowledge and experience related to teacher quality and standards-based…

Lauer, Patricia A.; Dean, Ceri B.

2004-01-01

9

Gains in Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of the teacher workforce in the United States is of considerable concern to education stakeholders and policymakers. Numerous studies show that student academic success depends in no small part on access to high-quality teachers. Many pundits point to the fact that in the United States, teachers tend not to be drawn from the top of the…

Goldhaber, Dan; Walch, Joe

2014-01-01

10

Sorting out Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher quality has become a hot topic. Everyone wants to measure it, reward it, or improve it. One reason for this interest is the evidence that teachers differ dramatically in their ability to raise student test scores. Another reason for the current interest in teacher quality is that recent No Child Left Behind requirements focus on highly…

Kennedy, Mary M.

2008-01-01

11

Enhanced Teacher Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher preparation and preparedness have been the focus of much research connecting quality teaching and learning, retention, and teacher satisfaction (Halsey, 2005; Hayes, Mills, Christie, & Lingard, 2006; MCEETYA, 2006). The successful recruitment and retention of teachers to rural and remote schools Australia-wide has been problematic for…

Harrington, Ingrid

2013-01-01

12

Physics Teacher Quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics Teacher Quality at Angelo State University (ASU) and Education Service Center Region XV is funded through a US Department of Education grant. In this program secondary science teachers from local and rural districts within Region XV learn and practice physics and principles of technology concepts emphasized in the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), improve practice of 5E model of guided inquiry, and complete activity-based laboratories and field investigations. Investigations include field and laboratory safety, environmental responsibility, ethical practices, application of scientific methods to open-ended problems encountered in the physical sciences, and critical thinking and problem solving. Teachers are assessed through pre- and post- testing, lab practicum, and classroom observation over a two-year cycle. Assessment data from 2004 through 2008 indicates Physics Teacher Quality is changing teaching behavior in the secondary classroom.

Wallace, Andrew; Bixler, David

2010-03-01

13

34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...definition of a high-need LEA. Main assignment field means the academic field in which teachers have the largest percentage of their classes. Significant course work means four or more college-or graduate-level...

2010-07-01

14

34 CFR 611.1 - What definitions apply to the Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...definition of a high-need LEA. Main assignment field means the academic field in which teachers have the largest percentage of their classes. Significant course work means four or more college-or graduate-level...

2011-07-01

15

A Common Vision: Teacher Quality Enhancement in the Middle Grades in Illinois. Collaborating for Success: Lessons Learned from Illinois' TQE Grant Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are presented from our case study evaluating the implementation of the IBHE's federally funded grant, "A Common Vision: Teacher Quality Enhancement in the Middle Grades in Illinois." Four sites were examined in terms of how they organized to attain the grant goals, and what aspects of organizational culture and leadership behavior…

Klostermann, Brenda K.; Presley, Jennifer B.

2005-01-01

16

Teacher Quality. An Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 30, 1986, 22 educators met in a forum on the Quality of Teaching in Puerto Rico to examine the problem of declining quality in the teaching force. Specifically, participants were concerned about working conditions, preparation, and professional development of teachers. After identifying the causes for the decline of teacher quality in…

Newton, Anne E.

17

Teacher Quality and Teacher Mobility. Working Paper 57  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using matched student-teacher panel data from the state of Florida, the authors study the determinants of teacher job change and the impact of such mobility on the distribution of teacher quality. The probability a teacher stays at a school increases the more productive they are in their current school. The quality of teachers who exit teaching…

Feng, Li; Sass, Tim

2011-01-01

18

Balancing Teacher Quality and Quantity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The world is facing a shortage of trained teachers. According to the 2010 Global Monitoring Report approximately 10.3 million teachers will be needed globally to staff classrooms from Bangkok to Canada. The situation is worse in Sub-Saharan Africa. Estimates suggest that approximately 1.2 million new teachers will be needed in Sub-Saharan Africa alone to achieve universal primary education goals by 2015. Increases in primary school enrollments, drought, and HIV-AIDS have exacerbated the need for well trained teachers. Despite the need, the focus is on balancing quality with quantity. An effective teacher is deemed a critical element, although not the only one, in a student's success in the classroom. This paper focuses on the dilemma of meeting universal primary education goals in Sub-Saharan Africa, while maintaining teacher quality in fragile contexts.

Bond, Helen

19

Education Quality and Teacher Salary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the emphasis on money as a motivator mentioned in reports examining theoretical notions about teacher motivation, this paper focuses on the efficacy of using salary to attract quality teacher candidates. Although standarized testing and internship programs often supplement inadequate certification requirements, critics question the…

Land, Arthur J.

20

Teacher Quality in Canada. SAEE Research Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the impact of teacher quality on student achievement in Canada, analyzing current research, practices, and innovations to provide a better understanding of the complexity of teaching and effective teacher deployment. The nine chapters focus on: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Indicators of Teacher Quality" (defining teacher quality

Phillips, Susan M.

21

Raising the Bar: Ethics Education for Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1970s an "ethics boom" has occurred to counter the disappearance of ethics education from tertiary institutions. This "boom" appears to be absent from teacher education programs in Australia and the United States. Given persistent calls to enhance teacher quality this is problematic because quality teaching is inexorably linked to…

Boon, Helen

2011-01-01

22

Teacher Quality Toolkit. 2nd Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teacher Quality Toolkit addresses the continuum of teacher learning by providing tools that can be used to improve both preservice, and inservice teacher education. Each chapter provides self assessment tools that can guide progress toward improved teacher quality and describes resources for designing exemplary programs and practices. Chapters…

Lauer, Patricia A.; Dean, Ceri B.; Martin-Glenn, Mya L.; Asensio, Margaret L.

2005-01-01

23

Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality. ERS Concerns in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-quality teachers play a significant role in improving student achievement. Compensation is a critical factor in attracting and retaining skilled teachers. This publication addresses the issues of the impact of teacher compensation and the factors that influence it. The book addressees teacher compensation from an economic perspective and…

Goldhaber, Dan D.; Eide, Eric R.

24

Administrator and Teacher Perceptions of the Qualities of Effective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine which qualities of effective teachers K-12 public school administrators and teachers in the United States perceive as having the greatest impact on student achievement. Stronge's (2007) meta-review of the qualities of effective teachers served as the framework for the study. An online survey based on that…

Williams, Robert Eugene

2010-01-01

25

Teacher self-efficacy in Cape Town : a bottom up approach to enhancing the quality of education  

E-print Network

Personal teacher self-efficacy (PTE), or the belief in one's own ability to overcome a particular challenge, often acts as a catalyst for teachers to improve the effectiveness of their teaching. Gaining PTE can translate ...

Kim, YeSeul

2011-01-01

26

Teachers as Designers of Technology Enhanced Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the benefits of teacher involvement in designing technology enhanced learning are acknowledged in the literature, far less is known about shaping that involvement to yield those benefits. Research is needed to understand how teachers learn through design; how teacher design activities may be supported; and how teacher involvement in design…

Kali, Yael; McKenney, Susan; Sagy, Ornit

2015-01-01

27

Preparing Quality Teachers: Making Learning Visible  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher quality is recognised as a lynchpin for education reforms internationally, and both Federal and State governments in Australia have turned their attention to teacher education institutions: the starting point for preparing quality teachers. Changes to policy and shifts in expectations impact on Faculties of Education, despite the fact that…

McArdle, Felicity

2010-01-01

28

Taking Teacher Quality Seriously: A Collaborative Approach to Teacher Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If narrow, test-based evaluation of teachers is unfair, unreliable, and has negative effects on kids, classrooms, and curricula, what's a better approach? By demonizing teachers and unions, and sharply polarizing the education debate, the corporate reform movement has actually undermined serious efforts to improve teacher quality and evaluation.…

Karp, Stan

2012-01-01

29

Teacher Quality. Education Policy White Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good teaching matters. There is persuasive evidence that students benefit from high quality instruction and that these benefits are cumulative for students who have good teachers for several years. Teacher effectiveness matters so much that low-income students lucky enough to have three very good teachers in a row in elementary school earn test…

Wilson, Suzanne, Ed.

2009-01-01

30

Assessing the Quality of Teachers' Teaching Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the extent to which nine elementary physical education teachers implemented the quality of teaching practices. Thirty physical education lessons taught by the nine teachers to their students in grades K-5 were videotaped. Four investigators coded the taped lessons using the Assessing Quality Teaching Rubric (AQTR) designed and…

Chen, Weiyun; Mason, Stephen; Staniszewski, Christina; Upton, Ashley; Valley, Megan

2012-01-01

31

Teacher Quality: Sustained Coordination among Key Federal Education Programs Could Enhance State Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality. Report to the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Higher Education, Lifelong Learning, and Competitiveness, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. GAO-09-593  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers and researchers have focused on improving the quality of our nation's 3 million teachers to raise the achievement of students in key academic areas, such as reading and mathematics. Given the importance of teacher quality to student achievement and the key role federal and state governments play in supporting teacher quality, GAO's…

US Government Accountability Office, 2009

2009-01-01

32

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) based at Montana State University offers graduate-credit science and mathematics courses to teachers nationally. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, NTEN allows educators to participate in the telecomputing courses from home or work through direct Internet access or dial-up modem connections. Courses are taught by university scientists, engineers, and mathematicians. NTEN also enhances professional networking nationwide between science teachers and active research scientists. The site offers telecomputing guides for both students and teachers, and online teaching experiences written by course instructors.

1997-01-01

33

Raising Teacher Quality around the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrary to what many people assume, writes Stewart, a high-quality teacher workforce is not the simple result of some traditional cultural respect for teachers that exists in some countries. Rather, it requires deliberate policy choices. In a tour of seven countries that traditionally score high on international tests of student performance…

Stewart, Vivien

2011-01-01

34

Enhancing and Sustaining Teacher Professionalism in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a conceptual framework for fostering teacher professionalism in Government primary schools in Karachi, Pakistan. The framework identifies various stages for enhancing and sustaining teacher professionalism. These stages have been derived from in-depth multiple case studies of four Government primary schools in Karachi where…

Rizvi, Meher; Elliott, Bob

2007-01-01

35

Teacher Structure and Child Care Quality in Preschool Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the relationships between teacher structure, teacher behaviors, and child care quality. Participants included 72 female teachers from 44 preschool classrooms. Both a global measure of quality and a measure of teacher-child interaction were utilized. Results showed that a co-teacher structure was associated with higher…

Shim, Jonghee; Hestenes, Linda; Cassidy, Deborah

2004-01-01

36

Using Technology To Enhance Teacher Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of technology, including computers and media tools, to enhance teacher education. Benefits of technology in the classroom are considered, particularly increasing student and instructor motivation, enhancing the learning process and instruction, and facilitating classroom management and organization. Technological…

Pedras, Melvin J.; Horton, Jeff

37

Building Teacher Quality in the Kansas City, Missouri School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study looks at the policies and practices shaping teacher quality in the Kansas City, Missouri School District (KCMSD). It is part of a series of analyses by the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) in school districts across the nation. Framing this analysis are five policy goals for improving teacher quality: (1) Staffing. Teacher

Corso, Aileen; Franck, Valerie; Kelliher, Kate; McCorry, Betsy

2011-01-01

38

Writing Quality Teacher-Made Tests: A Handbook for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to assist both special and regular educators with mastering the skills for developing quality teacher-made tests consistent with content-oriented instruction. The manual presents tips for constructing both objective and subjective, supply and select test questions--namely, short answer, essay, fill in the blanks or…

Williams, Jane M.

39

TAPping into High Quality Teachers: Preliminary Results from the Teacher Advancement Program Comprehensive School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) is a comprehensive school reform with the goal to attract, retain, and motivate quality teachers. By aggressively recruiting new teachers, providing a career continuum, introducing teacher-led professional development, implementing rigorous teacher accountability, and paying teachers based on their position,…

Schacter, John; Thum, Yeow Meng

2005-01-01

40

Activities Underway To Improve Teacher Training, but Reporting on These Activities Could Be Enhanced. Report to Congressional Committees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines two components of federal legislation to enhance teaching quality by improving the training of prospective teachers and the qualifications of current teachers. One component provides grants, and the other (the accountability provisions) requires collecting and reporting information the quality of teacher training programs and…

Ashby, Cornelia M.

41

Teacher Preparation for Quality Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents a holistic practice-based approach, consisting of two parts, to preparing candidates for quality teaching. The first part describes the essential knowledge, skills, and habits of mind for quality teaching. The emphasis is on understanding the learning process as influenced by the cultural and experiential…

Hollins, Etta R.

2011-01-01

42

Teaching Quality and Performance among Experienced Teachers in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of teachers has evolved from merely being teacher-centered to one that is student centered and the skills required for a quality teacher are changing too. Assessing teacher's effectiveness will not be a straight forward attempt by solely examining students' achievements or students' perceptions of their teachers' attributes. A careful…

Abd Hamid, Siti Rafiah; Syed Hassan, Sharifah Sariah; Ismail, Nik Ahmad Hisham

2012-01-01

43

Boundaries and Applications: The Teacher Quality Debate in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher quality debate in America remains an important one. Many feel that teachers are leaving teacher preparation programs without the appropriate knowledge and skills to be effective classroom practitioners. School districts have spent a considerable amount of time and economic resources addressing the teacher quality provisions of No Child…

Hodgman, Matthew R.

2012-01-01

44

Teacher Quality and Quality Teaching: Examining the Relationship of a Teacher Assessment to Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice assessments are frequently used for gauging teacher quality. However, research seldom examines whether results from such assessments generalize to practice. To illuminate this issue, we compare teacher performance on a mathematics assessment, during mathematics instruction, and by student performance on a state assessment. Poor…

Hill, Heather C.; Umland, Kristin; Litke, Erica; Kapitula, Laura R.

2012-01-01

45

Characteristics of High-Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of high-quality teachers who used a structured mathematics program for teaching, namely the Math Achievement Program (MAP[superscript 2]D), which demonstrated significant gains on student achievement as measured by California's Standards Test (CST) in mathematics. Specifically, the…

Jones, Jason E.; Gulek, James C.

2010-01-01

46

Governing Quality in Teacher Education: Deconstructing Federal Text and Talk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two dueling national agendas characterize discussions surrounding teacher quality and teacher education reform. For professionalists, teacher quality is synonymous with meeting a set of professional standards. For deregulationists, these standards are roadblocks that deter high-quality candidates from pursuing jobs in teaching. Despite differences…

Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Hunt, Hyland

2007-01-01

47

Enhanced Stream Water Quality  

EPA Science Inventory

***QUAL2E is not included in the current version of BASINS*** QUAL2E is a steady state and quasi-dynamic water quality model for the simulation of point source impact on water quality including nitrogen and phosphorus cycling, dissolved oxygen and BOD, algae, fecal c...

48

Teachers' Opinions on Quality Criteria for Competency Assessment Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality control policies towards Dutch vocational schools have changed dramatically because the government questioned examination quality. Schools must now demonstrate assessment quality to a new Examination Quality Center. Since teachers often design assessments, they must be involved in quality issues. This study therefore explores teachers'…

Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

2007-01-01

49

Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing attention to quality and innovation in Higher Education (HE) is enhancing the pedagogic knowledge of faculty members and thereby encouraging the academic success of their students. This aim requires, from the institution and teachers, a greater degree of involvement than was previously the case. This is certainly borne out by experience in Portuguese universities. The growing concern of engineers

Isabel Huet; José Tavares; George Weir

50

Teacher Quality and Teaching Quality of 7th-Grade Algebra I Honors Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With more and more focus on accountability, algebra achievement has become a major focus of math curriculum developers. In many states, students are expected to pass standardized Algebra achievement tests in order to satisfy graduation requirements. The purpose of this study was to identify teacher qualities and teaching qualities linked to…

Perez, Barbara

2013-01-01

51

High school teacher enhancement in the sciences  

SciTech Connect

As part of an effort to improve the teaching of science in a four-State region (Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas), the Science and Engineering Alliance (SEA) initiated a series of teacher enhancement workshops in science. The workshops focus on teaching problem solving through experience gained in laboratory, field work, classroom discussions and interactions/debates, critical analysis of the literature, obtaining a greater appreciation of the application of mathematics in science, and interactions with experts in various fields of science.

Mohamed, A. [Jackson State Univ., MS (United States). School of Science and Technology] [Jackson State Univ., MS (United States). School of Science and Technology; Shepard, R.L. [Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)] [Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1997-03-01

52

Longitudinal Effects of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Teacher-Student Relationship Qualities on Academic Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher-student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self-views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and…

Hughes, Jan N.

2011-01-01

53

Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Teachers Enhancement Network (NTEN) offers online, graduate-level science courses from a world-class public research university. NTEN was one of the first online professional development programs for K-12 teachers, and has offered courses sin

1900-01-01

54

Colonised by Quality? Teacher Identities in a Research-Led Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the impact of quality assurance and enhancement initiatives on teacher identities in higher education. Data from an interview-based study of a research-led institution in the United Kingdom are drawn upon to consider the implications of quality--for example, whether it has captured the inner assumptive worlds of higher…

Skelton, Alan

2012-01-01

55

Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in Springfield, Massachusetts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the request of the Massachusetts Business Alliance for Education, and with additional support from the Springfield Business Leaders for Education, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) undertook this analysis of teacher policies in the Springfield Public Schools. It is important to consider this examination of teacher policies in the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

56

Quality Teacher Education via Distance Mode: A Caribbean Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of the University of the West Indies Distance Teaching Experiment, which offers preservice teacher education via distance education using an interactive teleconference network. Surveys of participating teachers (n=169) indicated that the network had several of the desired infrastructures in place for conducting quality teacher

Hall, Winnifred M.; Marrett, Christine

1996-01-01

57

An Inquiry into Teacher Behaviors That Enhance Student Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, which was conducted with a mixed methods approach, identified specific teacher behaviors that enhance student engagement as perceived by the students. Students were asked to rate the behaviors they found as boosting their engagement in class as exhibited by their best teacher in the school (Best Teacher Overall), and their best…

Onwugbenu, Paschal

2013-01-01

58

Interactive Video Technology: Enhancing Professional Learning in Initial Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Sussex In-School Teacher Education Project (InSTEP) uses interactive video technologies to enhance initial teacher education programmes for science trainee teachers. With four Internet Protocol cameras and mounted microphones in both school laboratories and the university teaching room, trainees and their tutors have access to…

Marsh, Brian; Mitchell, Nick; Adamczyk, Peter

2010-01-01

59

Assessing Teacher Quality: Understanding Teacher Effects on Instruction and Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent educational reforms have promoted accountability systems which attempt to identify "teacher effects" on student outcomes and hold teachers accountable for producing learning gains. But in the complex world of classrooms, it may be difficult to attribute "success" or "failure" to teachers. In this timely collection, leading education…

Kelly, Sean, Ed.

2011-01-01

60

From Teacher Education to Student Progress: Teacher Quality since NCLB. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of "teacher quality" has undergone a profound transformation in the last decade. Through the late 1990s, most policymakers assumed that educator effectiveness was immeasurable and that our only hopes to increase it were tied to classroom experience and academic credentials. Yet since 2001, through a series of notable research findings,…

Shober, Arnold F.

2012-01-01

61

Facilitating the Teacher Quality Gap? Collective Bargaining Agreements, Teacher Hiring and Transfer Rules, and Teacher Assignment among Schools in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain studies and the California legislature have recently concluded that seniority preference rules in teacher collective bargaining agreements facilitate a teacher "quality gap" by permitting senior teachers to transfer to schools with higher-performing and more affluent children. This study examines the effects of such transfer rules on the…

Koski, William S.; Horng, Eileen L.

2007-01-01

62

Austin, Texas: An Educator/Business Collaboration in Support of Teacher Compensation Reform. Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality: Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its 2009 report "Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality," the Committee for Economic Development urged business leaders to be active participants in school district deliberations about teacher compensation policies. The Committee for Economic Development (CED) noted that "business leaders can make the case to the public that current policies…

Committee for Economic Development, 2013

2013-01-01

63

Teacher-Child Relationship Quality: The Roles of Child Temperament and Teacher-Child Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children's relationships with teachers predict social and academic success. This study examines contributions of child temperament (shyness, effortful control) and gender to teacher-child relationship quality both directly and indirectly through the frequency of teacher-child interactions in the classroom. Using an NICHD SECCYD sample of 819…

Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.

2009-01-01

64

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Utah State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Utah edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

65

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Minnesota State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Minnesota edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

66

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. North Carolina State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This North Carolina edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

67

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Indiana State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Indiana edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

68

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Idaho State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Idaho edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

69

Effective Teacher Qualities from International Mathematics, Science, and Computer Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate how international teachers, who were from overseas but taught in the United States, rate effective teacher qualities in three domains; personal, professional, and classroom management skills. The study includes 130 international mathematics, science, and computer teachers who taught in a multi-school…

Sahin, Alpaslan; Adiguzel, Tufan

2014-01-01

70

Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Public Schools Keeping Their Best?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine the mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality, measured using value-added estimates of teacher performance. Unlike previous studies that have examined these issues, we focus on the variation in these effects across the effectiveness distribution. We find that, on average, more effective teachers tend to stay in…

Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

2011-01-01

71

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Rhode Island State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Rhode Island edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

72

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. North Dakota State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This North Dakota edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

73

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Montana State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Montana edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

74

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. West Virginia State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This West Virginia edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

75

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Pennsylvania State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Pennsylvania edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

76

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Delaware State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Delaware edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

77

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Illinois State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Illinois edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

78

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Kansas State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Kansas edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

79

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Nevada State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Nevada edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

80

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Virginia State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Virginia edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

81

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Missouri State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Missouri edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

82

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. New Mexico State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This New Mexico edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

83

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Florida State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Florida edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

84

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Iowa State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Iowa edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

85

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Colorado State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Colorado edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

86

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Maine State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Maine edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

87

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Mississippi State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Mississippi edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

88

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. California State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This California edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

89

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Hawaii State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Hawaii edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

90

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Massachusetts State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Massachusetts edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

91

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Connecticut State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Connecticut edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

92

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Alabama State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Alabama edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

93

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Louisiana State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Louisiana edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

94

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Alaska State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Alaska edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the teaching…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

95

In Pursuit of Teacher Quality: Three Models of Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of three papers by various authors, summarizing three different models of programs that successfully promote teacher quality that were introduced at the National Conference on Teacher Quality in January 2000, hosted by the U.S. Department of Education. The first program described, the Pathways to Teaching Program of…

Dandy, Evelyn; O'Dell, Sandra; McKinney, Marilyn; Perkins, Peggy G.; Miller, Susan Peterson; Reiman, Alan; Peace, Sandra DeAngelis; Williams, Doris Terry; Duncan, JoAnn Hines

96

The Equitable Distribution of High-Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new report by the National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality (TQ Center) highlights efforts across the nation to address a key point in the No Child Left Behind law and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)--the equitable distribution of high-quality teachers across all schools. Research consistently has pointed to effective…

Bumgardner, Stan

2010-01-01

97

Conceptualising and Evaluating Teacher Quality: Substantive and Methodological Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas findings from recent research highlight the importance of teacher quality in improving students' academic performances and experiences of schooling, substantive and methodological issues surrounding the conceptualisation and evaluation of "teacher quality" are not well understood. Such deficiencies are particularly evident in claims for…

Ingvarson, Lawrence; Rowe, Ken

2008-01-01

98

The Assessment of Mathematics and Science Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the types of instruments being used to document mathematics and science teacher quality characteristics in 48 nationally funded mathematics and science education awards. Each of the 48 projects operationalized teacher quality and determined how to assess it. The main research questions examined the…

Moyer-Packenham, Patricia S.; Bolyard, Johnna J.; Kitsantas, Anastasia; Oh, Hana

2008-01-01

99

Conceptualising and evaluating teacher quality : substantive and methodological issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whereas findings from recent research highlight the importance of teacher quality in improving students' academic performances and experiences of schooling, substantive and methodological issues surrounding the conceptualisation and evaluation of teacher quality are not well understood. Such deficiencies are particularly evident in claims for 'findings' derived from econometric research - especially from those studies that merely employ conceptualisations and proxy

Lawrence Ingvarson; Ken Rowe

2008-01-01

100

The Elusiveness of Teacher Quality: A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Certification and Student Achievement in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In national education systems worldwide, teacher quality has become synonymous with education reform efforts, but a more elusive goal is empirically measuring teacher quality. One proposed measure of teacher quality, teacher licensing, also known as certification, is an increasingly ubiquitous component of national education systems and…

Wiseman, Alexander W.; Al-bakr, Fawziah

2013-01-01

101

Quality Science Teacher Professional Development and Student Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies show that socio-economic background and parental education accounts for 50-60 percent of a child's achievement in school. School, and other influences, account for the remaining 40-50 percent. In contrast to most other professions, schools require no real apprenticeship training of science teachers. Overall, only 38 percent of United States teachers have had any on-the-job training in their first teaching position, and in some cases this consisted of a few meetings over the course of a year between the beginning teacher and the assigned mentor or master teacher. Since individual teachers determine the bulk of a student's school experiences, interventions focused on teachers have the greatest likelihood of affecting students. To address this deficiency, partnerships between scientists and K-12 teachers are increasingly recognized as an excellent method for improving teacher preparedness and the quality of science education. Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers' (founded in 1990) basic premise is simple: teachers cannot effectively teach science if they have no firsthand experience doing science, hence the Program's motto, "Practice what you teach." Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers provides strong evidence that a teacher research program is a very effective form of professional development for secondary school science teachers and has a direct correlation to increased student achievement in science. The author will present the methodology of the program's evaluation citing statistically significant data. The author will also show the economic benefits of teacher participation in this form of professional development.

Dubner, J.

2007-12-01

102

Shortchanging Rural Teachers. Teaching Quality: RESEARCH MATTERS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief examines problems staffing rural schools and discusses the importance of teacher education in producing effective reading teachers. Over 31 percent of public schools are in rural areas, comprising over 49 percent of public school systems. Rural districts have difficulty recruiting teachers because they generally have lower salaries,…

Southeast Center for Teaching Quality, Chapel Hill, NC.

103

Longitudinal Effects of Teacher and Student Perceptions of Teacher-Student Relationship Qualities on Academic Adjustment  

PubMed Central

The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and conflict showed low correspondence. As a block, teacher and student reports of TSRQ predicted all outcomes, above prior performance on that outcome and background variables. Student reports uniquely predicted school belonging, perceived academic competence, and math achievement. Teacher reports uniquely predicted behavioral engagement and child perceived academic competence. Teacher and student reports of the teacher-student relationship assess largely different constructs that predict different outcomes. Implications of findings for practice and research are discussed. PMID:21984843

Hughes, Jan N.

2010-01-01

104

Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Schools Keeping Their Best? Working Paper 29  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most studies that have fueled alarm over the attrition and mobility rates of teachers have relied on proxy indicators of teacher quality, even though these proxies correlate only weakly with student performance. This paper examines the attrition and mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality using value-added measures of teacher

Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

2009-01-01

105

Out-of-Field Teaching: A Cross-National Study on Teacher Labor Market and Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past two decades, the issue of out-of-field teaching (OFT) has concerned policy makers and researchers alike who see raising teachers' subject matter knowledge as the main policy lever to improve teacher quality. The study of OFT has emerged as one of the important subfields of teacher quality and teacher labour market research.…

Zhou, Yisu

2012-01-01

106

Priorities of Higher Education Quality Improvement: Student and Teacher Attitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education quality improvement is a constant and continuous university activity and its implementation should be given a priority. This article analyses the most important tasks set at three Lithuanian universities seeking to improve higher education quality: the improvement of higher education quality assurance system, teacher professional…

Savickiene, Izabela

2006-01-01

107

Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in LAUSD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the request of the United Way of Greater Los Angeles, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) undertook this analysis of the teacher policies in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). A coalition of civil rights groups were also involved in this project, including Parent Organization Network, Families in Schools, Alliance for a…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

108

156 KAPPA DELTA PI RECORD u OCTDEC 2012 Teacher Quality  

E-print Network

156 KAPPA DELTA PI RECORD u OCT­DEC 2012 Teacher Quality Michael Marder is Professor of Physics since expanded to more than 30 other universities. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 48: 156­161, 2012 Copyright © Kappa Delta Pi ISSN: 0022-8958 print/2163-1611 online DOI 10.1080/00228958.2012.733929 Measuring Teacher

Texas at Austin. University of

109

Teacher Quality: What's Wrong with U.S. Strategy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this commentary, Tucker asserts that countries that perform well on international comparisons of student achievement all take a different approach to ensuring teacher quality than the United States does. These top-performing countries have established high standards for getting into schools of education; they are moving teacher education…

Tucker, Marc

2012-01-01

110

A Quality Teacher in Every Classroom: Creating a Teacher Evaluation System that Works for California. Perspectives from Accomplished California Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dire state of education funding in California and across the nation means stakeholders must be smarter than ever about how they use their resources. Since teacher quality has emerged as one of the most powerful variables in student success, the focus of policy reform must be on building the capacity of teachers--now and in the future--to meet…

National Board Resource Center at Stanford University, 2010

2010-01-01

111

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. National Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countless reports have analyzed the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 on teacher quality and student achievement. What many of these reports truly leave behind, however, is the reality that state governments--not the federal government--have the strongest impact on the work of America's 3.1 million teachers. With that in mind, three…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

112

Teacher Education around the World: Changing Policies and Practices. Teacher Quality and School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are the most important single element of the education system but what does it take to create high quality teachers in today's world? Around the world, countries are struggling to understand how to change their schools to meet global demands. International comparisons have shown that schools in Finland lead the league tables, but why is…

Darling-Hammond, Linda, Ed.; Lieberman, Ann, Ed.

2012-01-01

113

The Secretary's Seventh Annual Report on Teacher Quality: A Highly Qualified Teacher in Every Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seventh report on the quality of America's teacher preparation programs and novice teachers presents data reported to the U.S. Department of Education (the Department) in October 2007 by all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the outlying areas, which include American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the…

Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

114

Teacher Resilience in High-Poverty Schools: How Do High-Quality Teachers Become Resilient?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study was to understand how high-quality teachers who began their career through Teach For America (TFA) became resilient while teaching in challenging, high-poverty schools. A secondary purpose of this study was to ascertain how, if at all, the teaching experiences of TFA teachers who stayed in the profession differed…

Merrill, Kate Mansi

2013-01-01

115

Districts Abandon Grants Targeting Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three big-city districts--Chicago, Milwaukee, and New York--have terminated federal grants aimed at promoting performance-based compensation plans and professional development for teachers and principals. Overall, the 2010 Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) grants to the three districts would have provided an $88 million payout over five years--nearly 7…

Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

2012-01-01

116

Teacher organizational citizenship behaviours and job efficacy: Implications for student quality of school life.  

PubMed

The present study investigated the impact of teachers' organizational citizenship behaviours (OCBs) on student quality of school life (SQSL) via the indirect effect of job efficacy. A measure of teacher OCBs was developed, tapping one dimension of individual-focused OCB (OCBI - student-directed behaviour) and two dimensions of organization-focused OCB (OCBO - civic virtue and professional development). In line with previous research suggesting that OCBs may enhance job efficacy, as well as studies demonstrating the positive effects of teacher efficacy on student outcomes, we expected an indirect relationship between teachers OCBs and SQSL via teachers' job efficacy. Hypotheses were tested in a multi-level design in which 170 teachers and their students (N=3,057) completed questionnaires. A significant proportion of variance in SQSL was attributable to classroom factors. Analyses revealed that the civic virtue and professional development behaviours of teachers were positively related to their job efficacy. The job efficacy of teachers also had a positive impact on all five indicators of SQSL. In regards to professional development, job efficacy acted as an indirect variable in the prediction of four student outcomes (i.e., general satisfaction, student-teacher relations, achievement, and opportunity) and fully mediated the direct negative effect on psychological distress. PMID:19807944

Jimmieson, Nerina L; Hannam, Rachel L; Yeo, Gillian B

2010-08-01

117

Annual Report on Teacher Quality Released at the Evaluation Conference in D.C.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In a speech at the first annual Teacher Quality Evaluation Conference (recently held in Washington, DC), US Secretary of Education Rod Paige urged all states to radically alter their teacher certification programs by increasing the standards and decreasing the barriers that currently keep many qualified candidates from pursing teaching careers. Paige's speech was based on results of the 78-page report to Congress entitled Meeting the Highly Qualified Teachers Challenge: The Secretary's Annual Report on Teacher Quality. Released Tuesday, June 11, 2002, this document is the first annual report to Congress on the state of teacher quality nationwide, as required by Title II of the Higher Education Act of 1998. The report is based on responses from state reports on teacher quality submitted to the Department of Education, and includes comprehensive data, by state, on certification and license requirements; statewide pass rates on assessments of 1999-2000 graduates preparation programs; number of teachers on waivers or emergency/temporary permits; teacher standards and their alignment with student standards; and state criteria for identifying low-performing schools of education.Like the No Child Left Behind Act, the Secretary's report elicits higher teacher standards in order to enhance the educational process. The report proposes that states require prospective teachers to pass rigorous exams in the subjects they plan to teach. "Research shows that teachers with strong academic backgrounds in specific content areas are more likely to boost the academic performance of their students in those subjects." To lower barriers, the report calls on states and institutions of higher learning to reshape their teacher preparation programs by eliminating some of their rigid certification requirements, such as the massive number of pedagogical courses required. For more information concerning the teacher quality evaluation conference, users may access the first two links above. For a copy of Paige's remarks at the conference and a copy of the report, viewers may access links three and four, respectively. Finally, the fifth link leads to the No Child Left Behind Web site, and the last link opens the Title II home page, which features state reports and other state materials.

Green, Marcia.

118

Perform or Else: The Performative Enhancement of Teacher Professionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Singapore Ministry of Education's Enhanced Performance Management System (EPMS) was instituted in 2005 as a system of professional accountability to enhance the standards and stakes of teacher professionalism in schools. This essay explores how the EPMS, with its underlying paradigm of performance management, functions as a "technology of…

Liew, Warren Mark

2012-01-01

119

SQUALE Software QUALity Enhancement Alexandre Bergel1  

E-print Network

SQUALE ­ Software QUALity Enhancement Alexandre Bergel1 , Simon Denier1 , Stéphane Ducasse1://www.squale.org The Squale project was born from industrial effort to control software quality. Its goals are to refine and en- hance Qualixo Model, a software-metric based quality model already used by large companies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

120

Teacher Quality Partnership Novice Teacher Studies Technical Report NTS 10-01 Research Brief 2007-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical report is to summarize the research methodology of the Novice Teacher Study (NTS) strand of the Teacher Quality Partnership (TQP) research. The Ohio TQP has embarked on a series of research studies to learn more about the characteristics of effective teachers and to identify the patterns of teacher performance in both…

Kinnucan-Wesch, Kathryn; Franco, Suzanne; Hendricks, Martha S.

2010-01-01

121

Teacher Quality Partnership Novice Teacher Study. Technical Report NTS 07-01: Research Brief, 2004-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical report is to summarize the research methodology of the Novice Teacher Study (NTS) strand of the Teacher Quality Partnership (TQP) research. The Ohio TQP embarked on a series of research studies to learn more about the characteristics of effective teachers and to identify the patterns of teacher performance in both…

Kinnucan-Welsch, Kathryn; Currell, Cindy; Shervey, Beth; Hendricks, Martha S.; Erchick, Diana B.; Stroot, Sandra A.; Smith, Sonja; Franco, Suzanne

2007-01-01

122

Improving teacher-child relationship quality and teacher-rated behavioral adjustment amongst externalizing preschoolers: effects of a two-component intervention.  

PubMed

The school-based Playing-2-gether is a 12-week intervention with two components aimed at decreasing child externalizing behavior through improving teacher-child interactions. The first component is rooted in attachment theory and aimed at enhancing teacher-child relationship quality, and the second is based on learning theory and aimed at improving teachers' behavior management. In this three-wave randomized study, effects of Playing-2-gether on the teacher-child relationship quality and on teacher-rated child behavioral adjustment were investigated. To this aim, 175 dyads consisting of male preschoolers with relatively high levels of externalizing problem behavior and their teachers were randomly assigned to Playing-2-gether (n = 89) or an education-as-usual control condition (n = 86). Teacher-rated questionnaires were collected at pre-test, after the first intervention component, and at post-test. At post-test, the intervention group showed a larger decrease in teacher-child conflict, child conduct problems, and child hyperactivity/inattention. Supplementary analyses showed that all positive effects were already visible after the first intervention component and that teacher-child conflict, child conduct problems and hyperactivity/inattention did not further reduce during the second component. In addition, an increase in closeness was found following the first component, but subsequently disappeared at post-test. PMID:25028283

Vancraeyveldt, Caroline; Verschueren, Karine; Wouters, Sofie; Van Craeyevelt, Sanne; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Colpin, Hilde

2015-02-01

123

Enhancing Student Teacher Reflective Practice through Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a seminar process in which poetry is used with student teachers to provide a focal point for reflection and introspection. Through this reflection process, students have been able to reflect deeply and personally on their student-teaching experiences, on their own personalities in the context of those experiences, and on…

Cowin, Kathleen M.

2012-01-01

124

Recruiting and Hiring High-Quality Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faced with teacher shortages in some subject areas, a New Jersey district developed a comprehensive approach to increase the candidate pool, select superior candidates, and retain them once hired. Innovations include advertising on the Internet, accepting online applications, and encouraging students and nontraditional candidates to enter…

O'Laughlin, Jim

1999-01-01

125

Factors affecting enhanced video quality preferences  

PubMed Central

The development of video quality metrics requires methods for measuring perceived video quality. Most such metrics are designed and tested using databases of images degraded by compression and scored using opinion ratings. We studied video quality preferences for enhanced images of normally-sighted participants using the method of paired comparisons with a thorough statistical analysis. Participants (n=40) made pair-wise comparisons of high definition (HD) video clips enhanced at four different levels using a commercially available enhancement device. Perceptual scales were computed with binary logistic regression to estimate preferences for each level and to provide statistical inference of the differences among levels and the impact of other variables. While moderate preference for enhanced videos was found, two unexpected effects were also uncovered: (1) Participants could be broadly classified into two groups: those who preferred enhancement ("Sharp") and those who disliked enhancement ("Smooth"). (2) Enhancement preferences depended on video content, particularly for human faces to be enhanced less. The results suggest that algorithms to evaluate image quality (at least for enhancement) may need to be adjusted or applied differentially based on video content and viewer preferences. The possible impact of similar effects on image quality of compressed video needs to be evaluated. PMID:24107400

Satgunam, PremNandhini; Woods, Russell L; Bronstad, P Matthew; Peli, Eli

2013-01-01

126

Field-Based Teacher Research: How Teachers and Scientists Working Together Answers Questions about Turtle Nesting Ecology while Enhancing Teachers' Inquiry Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Providing rigorous academic supplement to a professional development program for teachers, QUEST is a fusion of Drexel University's environmental science research department with Princeton University's Program in Teacher Preparation. Completed in the summers of 2012 (in partnership with Earthwatch) and 2013 in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, QUEST's terrapin field research program enhances K-12 teachers' ecological knowledge, develops inquiry-based thinking in the classroom, and builds citizen science engagement. With a focus on quality question development and data analysis to answer questions, teachers are coached in developing, implementing, and presenting independent research projects on diamondback terrapin nesting ecology. As a result, teachers participating in QUEST's week long program bring a realistic example of science in action into their classrooms, helping to develop their own students' critical thinking skills. For teachers, this program provides training towards educating students on how to do real and imaginative science - subsequently sending students to university better prepared to engage in their own independent research. An essential component of the collaboration through QUEST, in addition to the teacher's experience during and after the summer institute, is the research data collected which supplements that of the Principal Investigator. In 2012, by documenting terrapin nest site predators, teachers gained valuable scientific experience, while Drexel acquired important ecological data which would have not been able to be collected otherwise. In 2013, teachers helped answer important questions about terrapin nesting success post Superstorm Sandy. In fact, the 2013 QUEST teachers are the first to visualize the frighteningly increased erosion of a primary terrapin nesting site due to Sandy; showing how most terrapin nests now lie in the bay, instead of safe on shore. Teachers comment that interacting with scientists in the field, and contributing to the research was 'an invaluable experience.' Conceptual models of QUEST's philosophy will be distributed at our presentation to encourage audience members interested in starting their own field-based educator professional development project. Through our presentation of this unique program, we will share how we have successfully incorporated real scientific research into classrooms through teachers' experiences, and discuss the lessons learned regarding replication and sustainability of educator-scientist collaborations.

Winters, J. M.; Jungblut, D.; Catena, A. N.; Rubenstein, D. I.

2013-12-01

127

Teacher Preparation: Assessing Teacher Quality, Administrative Support, Standards-Based Teacher Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers focuses on the preparation of teachers by university-based education programs. The papers are: "The STEPS That Support P-12 Learning and Achievement" (Diana Rigden), which describes the Standards-based Teacher Education Project (STEP) for improving student learning; "The Responsibility for Assessing Beginning Teachers"…

Poliakoff, Anne Rogers, Ed.

2002-01-01

128

Elusive Search for Quality Education: The Case of Quality Assurance and Teacher Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine issues of quality and quality assurance in Kenyan schools, identify reasons why Kenya government has difficulties in achieving its well documented search for quality education and to trace the process for ensuring the accountability of teachers in Kenya. This focus is done under conditions of…

Odhiambo, George

2008-01-01

129

User-Oriented Quality for OER: Understanding Teachers' Views on Re-Use, Quality, and Trust  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analysed how teachers as users of open educational resources (OER) repositories act in the re-use process and how they perceive quality. Based on a quantitative empirical study, we also surveyed which quality requirements users have and how they would contribute to the quality process. Trust in resources, organizations, and technologies seem to…

Clements, K. I.; Pawlowski, J. M.

2012-01-01

130

Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in the Miami-Dade County Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In partnership with the Urban League of Greater Miami, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) released "Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in Miami," an in-depth study of the work rules Miami-Dade teachers. This look at the state of teacher policies in Miami-Dade County Public Schools explores the district's contract…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2012

2012-01-01

131

Quality Teaching: Means for Its Enhancement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pursuit of enhancing quality in tertiary education and educators is noble. Increasingly, however, universities are resorting to stark, reductionist representations of educational quality, such as decontextualised mean figures generated by student surveys, to measure and report on this. This paper questions the validity and reliability of such…

Buchanan, John

2011-01-01

132

Hotel Indoor Air Quality Enhancement: Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on the penetration of polluted outdoor air into hotels and the subsequent deterioration of indoor air quality (IAQ). Little attention has been paid to the severity of this problem. Thus, the study specifically aims to assess the determinants to enhance IAQ in hotels and suggest a future research direction relating to IAQ enhancement. Evidence from recent air

Wilco W. Chan

2012-01-01

133

Improving the Quality of Life by Enhancing Mobility  

E-print Network

Improving the Quality of Life by Enhancing Mobility Texas Transportation Institute · The Texas A ·Nolegislativemandateregardingtopic ·$1.5millionperyearforfouryears Theme · Improving the Quality of Life by Enhancing Mobility

134

Enhancing Relationships between Children and Teachers. School Psychology Book Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book aims to provide counselors with the theoretical and technical basis needed for designing interventions that enhance relationships between children and teachers. It draws on research in social development and relationships-systems theory to describe the role of child-adult relationships in the development of social and academic…

Pianta, Robert C.

135

Teacher Preparation and Enhancement. Program Announcement and Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Foundation (NSF) Act of 1950 (as amended) authorizes and directs the foundation to initiate and support: basic research; programs to strengthen the research potential; and science, mathematics, and engineering education programs at all levels. The Division of Teacher Preparation and Enhancement supports model preservice and…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate for Science and Engineering Education.

136

Adaptive and Motivated: Psychological Qualities of College Students in Teacher Education Programs in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher quality has been a perennial issue in the field of education. In addition to academic ability, psychological and motivational characteristics are regarded as increasingly important dimensions of teacher quality. This study has established a multidimensional framework of teacher quality including social competency, adaptive ability and…

Wang, Hsiou-huai

2012-01-01

137

Teacher Quality 2.0: Toward a New Era in Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Teacher Quality 2.0," American Enterprise Institute (AEI) education experts Frederick M. Hess and Michael Q. McShane convene a diverse array of contributors to examine fruitful innovations that promise to improve teacher quality in a more strategic way. Much of the cutting-edge work in teacher quality is happening in nontraditional…

Hess, Frederick M., Ed.; McShane, Michael Q., Ed.

2014-01-01

138

The Quality and Socioeconomic Status of Teachers in Japan. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How teacher candidates are recruited and the quality of those candidates in Japanese education is investigated. Chapter 1 discusses the quality of teacher candidates and looks at the higher education system, colleges of education, and the quality of students in colleges of education. Chapter 2 examines teacher preparation curricula, the…

Hayakawa, Misao

139

Enhancing Science Teacher Training Using Water Resources and GLOBE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Heritage College, located on the Yakama Indian Reservation in south central Washington state, serves a multicultural, underserved, rural population and trains teachers to staff the disadvantaged school districts on and surrounding the reservation. In-service teachers and pre-service teachers in the area show strength in biology but have weak backgrounds in chemistry and mathematics. We are addressing this problem by providing a 2-year core of courses for 3 groups of 25 students (15 pre-service and 10 in-service teachers) using GLOBE to teach integrated physical science and mathematics. At the conclusion of the program, the students will qualify for science certification by Washington State. Water resources are the focal point of the curriculum because it is central to life in our desert area. The lack or excess of water, its uses, quality and distribution is being studied by using GIS, remote sensing and historical records. Students are learning the methodology to incorporate scientific protocols and data into all aspects of their future teaching curriculum. In addition, in each of the three years of the project, pre-service teachers attended a seminar series during the fall semester with presentations by collaborators from industry, agriculture, education and government agencies. Students used NASA educational materials in the presentations that they gave at the conclusion of the seminar series. All pre- and in-service teachers continue to have support via a local web site for Heritage College GLOBE participants.

Falco, James W.

2002-01-01

140

Recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers in rural areas.  

PubMed

In examining recruitment and retention of teachers in rural areas, David Monk begins by noting the numerous possible characteristics of rural communities--small size, sparse settlement, distance from population concentrations, and an economic reliance on agricultural industries that are increasingly using seasonal and immigrant workers to minimize labor costs. Many, though not all, rural areas, he says, are seriously impoverished. Classes in rural schools are relatively small, and teachers tend to report satisfaction with their work environments and relatively few problems with discipline. But teacher turnover is often high, and hiring can be difficult. Monk observes that rural schools have a below-average share of highly trained teachers. Compensation in rural schools tends to be low, perhaps because of a lower fiscal capacity in rural areas, thus complicating efforts to attract and retain teachers. Several student characteristics, including relatively large shares of students with special needs and with limited English skills and lower shares of students attending college, can also make it difficult to recruit and retain high-quality teachers. Other challenges include meeting the needs of highly mobile children of low-income migrant farm workers. With respect to public policy, Monk asserts a need to focus on a subcategory of what might be called hard-to-staff rural schools rather than to develop a blanket set of policies for all rural schools. In particular, he recommends a focus on such indicators as low teacher qualifications, teaching in fields far removed from the area of training, difficulty in hiring, high turnover, a lack of diversity among teachers in the school, and the presence of migrant farm workers' children. Successful efforts to stimulate economic growth in these areas would be highly beneficial. He also calls attention to the potential for modern telecommunication and computing technologies to offset some of the drawbacks associated with teaching in rural areas. PMID:17407927

Monk, David H

2007-01-01

141

Exploring the Relationship between Prior Career Experience and Instructional Quality among Mathematics and Science Teachers in Alternative Teacher Certification Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-method evaluation study examines relationships between the nature and characteristics of teachers' prior experiences and teachers' practice of standards-based instruction as a measure of instructional quality among alternatively certified mathematics and science teachers. The study found that career length, number of prior careers, and…

Paredes Scribner, Jay; Akiba, Motoko

2010-01-01

142

An evaluation of the 1997 JPL Summer Teacher Enhancement Program  

SciTech Connect

There were two major components in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Summer Teacher Enhancement Project (STEP). First, the Summer Institute was structured as a four-week, 4-credit-unit University course for middle school science teachers, and consisted of workshops, lectures, labs, and tours as activities. The second component consists of follow-up activities related to the summer institute's contents, and again is structured as a University credit-bearing course for participants to reinforce their summer training. Considerable information from the comments and course ratings as given by the participants is included.

Slovacek, Simeon P.; Doyle-Nichols, Adelaide R.

1997-10-20

143

Recruiting and Retaining Teachers in Alabama: Educators on What It Will Take to Staff All Classrooms with Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With No Child Left Behind's call for highly qualified teachers, the stakes for recruiting and retaining teachers have never been more important. Alabama, like other states, has struggled to develop policies and programs that effectively staff all classrooms with quality educators. The Center for Teaching Quality, with the support of SERVE, has…

Hirsch, Eric

2006-01-01

144

Teacher Training for Political Science PhD Students in Europe Determinants of a Tool for Enhanced Teaching in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the state of teacher training for political science PhD candidates in the European Union and make a comparison with the situation in the United States. We investigate the determinants of supply and demand of teacher training. On the supply side, we suggest that research orientation and quality assurance are factors that might enhance institutional willingness

Gabriela Pleschová; Eszter Simon

2009-01-01

145

The Impact of Instruction in Enhancing Teachers' Knowledge of Teaching Mathematics in Some Lesotho Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of mathematics teaching in Lesotho primary education remains one of the vexing problems in the education system. The study investigated how teachers viewed the impact of instruction on enhancing their knowledge of teaching. Data for the study were elicited from the second-year students enrolled for a Bachelor of Education in the…

Moru, Eunice Kolitsoe; Qhobela, Makomosela; Maqutu, Tholang Z.

2014-01-01

146

SACSCOC Reaffirmation and the Quality Enhancement Plan  

E-print Network

;Reaffirmation Process · Shared with the Board last year · Establish Leadership Team · June Meeting conducted Development Committee · Select Review Team 2 #12;Quality Enhancement Plan · Definition: Core requirement 2 Organization · Leadership Team · President and SACS Accreditation Liaison co-chair · 10 members · Compliance

Sura, Philip

147

Image Enhancement, Image Quality, and Noise  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Multiscale Retinex With Color Restoration (MSRCR) is a non-linear image enhancement algorithm that provides simultaneous dynamic range compression, color constancy and rendition. The overall impact is to brighten up areas of poor contrast/lightness but not at the expense of saturating areas of good contrast/brightness. The downside is that with the poor signal-to-noise ratio that most image acquisition devices have in dark regions, noise can also be greatly enhanced thus affecting overall image quality. In this paper, we will discuss the impact of the MSRCR on the overall quality of an enhanced image as a function of the strength of shadows in an image, and as a function of the root-mean-square (RMS) signal-to-noise (SNR) ratio of the image.

Rahman, Zia-ur; Jobson, Daniel J.; Woodell, Glenn A.; Hines, Glenn D.

2005-01-01

148

University Teachers' Conceptions of Good Teaching in the Units of High-Quality Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores teachers in the units of high quality education in Finland. It focuses on three questions. First, What are conceptions of good teaching of teachers teaching in the quality units? Second, What do they consider important in their teaching? And third, What is the relation between teachers' conceptions and the criteria used in…

Parpala, Anna; Lindblom-Ylanne, Sari

2007-01-01

149

Teacher Quality: A Report on Teacher Preparation and Qualifications of Public School Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently released by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)(last described in the October 16, 1998 Scout Report), this is the first in a new series of biennial reports "specifically focused on teachers' learning (both preservice and continued) and the environments in which they work." This report is based on a recent national survey which examined the issues of teacher preparation, qualifications, and work environments. "Key findings are provided in three major areas: (1) preservice learning and teaching assignment; (2) continued learning; and (3) supportive work environment." Users can read the full text online or download the report in .pdf format.

Bartfai, Nicole.

1999-01-01

150

New Pathways for Teachers, New Promises for Students: A Vision for Developing Excellent Teachers. Teacher Quality 2.0. Special Report 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a set of ideas for improving teacher quality in America's schools. In it, the author proposes a combination of incremental steps and ambitious ones, designed to stimulate policymakers, practitioners, and the public to accelerate efforts to develop high-quality teachers. The paper has four main sections. First, the author…

Knowles, Timothy

2013-01-01

151

Local Amenities, Unobserved Quality, and Market Clearing: Adjusting Teacher Compensation to Provide Equal Education Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Local school districts differ in their ability to pay for teacher quality, and in the amenities they offer as places to live and work. Market clearing with heterogeneous quality yields geographically varying teacher salary levels that confound scarcity with unobserved differences in quality. The paper discusses identification and estimation of a…

Tuck, Bradford; Berman, Matthew; Hill, Alexandra

2009-01-01

152

School-Based Accountability and the Distribution of Teacher Quality across Grades in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use North Carolina data to explore whether the quality of teachers in the lower elementary grades (K-2) falls short of teacher quality in the upper grades (3-5) and to examine the hypothesis that school accountability pressures contribute to such quality shortfalls. Our concern with the early grades arises from recent studies highlighting how…

Fuller, Sarah C.; Ladd, Helen F.

2013-01-01

153

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2010-07-01

154

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2013-07-01

155

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2014-07-01

156

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2012-07-01

157

40 CFR 52.995 - Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. 52.995...995 Enhanced ambient air quality monitoring. ...revision for the Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment area...b) The Baton Rouge ozone nonattainment...

2011-07-01

158

Teacher Quality and Educational Equality: Do Teachers with Higher Standards-Based Evaluation Ratings Close Student Achievement Gaps?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using standards-based evaluation ratings for nearly 400 teachers, and achievement results for over 7,000 students from grades 4-6, this study investigated the distribution and achievement effects of teacher quality in Washoe County, a mid-sized school district serving Reno and Sparks, Nevada. Classrooms with higher concentrations of minority,…

Borman, Geoffrey D.; Kimball, Steven M.

2005-01-01

159

Enhancing Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Knowledge and Practices: A Professional Development Model for Technology Teachers in Malawi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a professional development that was designed and implemented in an attempt to broaden teachers' knowledge of the nature of technology and also enhance their technological pedagogical practices. The professional development was organised in four phases with each phase providing themes for reflection and teacher learning…

Chikasanda, Vanwyk Khobidi Mbubzi; Otrel-Cass, Kathrin; Williams, John; Jones, Alister

2013-01-01

160

Features of Pre-Kindergarten Programs, Classrooms, and Teachers: Do They Predict Observed Classroom Quality and Child-Teacher Interactions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study draws from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's Multi-State Pre-Kindergarten Study to examine the extent to which program, class- room, and teacher attributes of the program ecology predict observed quality and teacher-child interactions in a sample of 238 classrooms representing 6 states' pre-kindergarten programs. Quality was assessed observationally at the global level and for specific teaching

Robert Pianta; Carollee Howes; Margaret Burchinal; Donna Bryant; Richard Clifford; Diane Early; Oscar Barbarin

2005-01-01

161

Establishing "Green Schools" and Enhancing Teachers and Students' Environmental Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The environmental education and "green school" establishment at schools is an important means and basic tool to enhance students' environmental awareness. It is also one important aspect of the quality-oriented education at schools and the construction of spiritual aspect of civilization. This article discusses the importance of establishing…

Zhongguo, Tang

2004-01-01

162

The Relationship of Teacher Quality and Student Achievement in Elementary Schools from the New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to examine the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement in public elementary schools in a community district school of the New York City. It has 23 elementary schools, more than 7,600 students and around 350 teachers. For this study, participants consist of a sample of 117 full-time teachers who were…

Alvarez, Roberto

2008-01-01

163

Emotional Experience, Expression, and Regulation of High-Quality Japanese Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigates the emotional experience, expression, and regulation processes of high-quality Japanese elementary school teachers while they interact with children, in terms of teachers' emotional competence. Qualitative analysis of interview data demonstrated that teachers had various emotional experiences including self-elicited…

Hosotani, Rika; Imai-Matsumura, Kyoko

2011-01-01

164

The Effect of Wage Compression and Alternative Labor Market Opportunities on Teacher Quality in Venezuela  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the effect of teacher relative wages and teacher wage dispersion on high school graduates' preferences for teaching majors in College. This approximation to teacher quality is appropriate in a country like Venezuela as opposed to the US since the rigidity of the tertiary school system significantly limits mobility between…

Ortega, Daniel E.

2010-01-01

165

Interpret With Caution: The First State Title II Reports on the Quality of Teacher Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In enacting new teacher quality provisions in the Higher Education Act, Congress intended to increase clarity and consistency of public reporting about the status of teacher education programs and ensure that states establish accountability measures for teacher preparation institutions. Beginning in 2001, states must report yearly data on six…

Huang, Sandra; Yi, Yun; Haycock, Kati

166

The Effects of Teacher Wait-Time and Questioning Quality on Middle School Science Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experiment was conducted on the effects of two teacher variables and student engagement on science achievement. The variables included: teacher wait-time, defined as the length of the pause preceding a teacher utterance; and questioning quality, a generic term used to describe cognitive level, clarity, and relevance of questioning. Thirteen…

Tobin, Kenneth G.; Capie, William

167

An Experiment to Test the Feasibility and Quality of a Web-Based Questionnaire of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of web-based surveys to gather information from teachers has become increasingly common primarily based on the premise that they can reduce costs. Yet, relatively, little is known about the quality or cost effectiveness of web-based versus mail surveys for teachers. To study the efficacy of web-based teacher surveys, the author randomly…

Jacob, Robin Tepper

2011-01-01

168

Reflections upon Teacher Education in Severe Difficulties in the USA: Shared Concerns about Quantity and Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, Phyllis Jones of the Department of Special Education at the University of South Florida and Elizabeth West from the University of Washington explore key issues in respect to teacher education for teachers who teach pupils with severe and profound learning difficulties in the USA. Issues relating to quantity and quality of teachers

Jones, Phyllis; West, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

169

Associations with Teacher Education, Experience, and Program Characteristics in Quality Early Childhood Programming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have investigated the impact of teacher education and experience on child care quality; however, findings have been inconsistent. This study used archived data originating from Pennsylvania's Keystone STARS program. The sample included 617 infant or toddler classrooms with 1356 teachers and 887 preschool classrooms with 1915 teachers.…

Lawrence, Debra L.

2010-01-01

170

Designing High Quality Evaluation Systems for High School Teachers: Challenges and Potential Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A central part of education reform today is the wide-ranging and unprecedented effort to either revamp existing teacher evaluation systems or develop and implement entirely new systems. High-quality teacher evaluation systems are seen as one lever for improving the teacher workforce and hence the outcomes of students, including high school…

Tyler, John H.

2011-01-01

171

It Takes 2 to Produce a Quality Teacher: A Groovy Student and a Harmonizing Professor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of all the possible combinations to produce quality teachers, will the real twosome please stand up? In 2002 the U.S. invested $192 billion (about 50% of the total education budget) in teacher pay and benefits (Rice, 2003). While it is general consensus that the teacher is the most important factor in student achievement, there is little useful…

Gentry, Ruben

2007-01-01

172

Science Teachers' Perspectives of Web-Enhanced Problem-Based Learning Environment: A Qualitative Inquiry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated and described the perspectives of science teachers who integrated a Web-enhanced problem-based learning model into their classrooms. The study examined: (1) teachers' pedagogical beliefs; (2) the roles of teachers; (3) the use of Web resources; and (4) the degree of increased student engagement. This qualitative study used…

Kim, Younghoon; Grabowski, Barbara L.; Song, Hae-Deok

173

Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Conducting Research to Enhance Their Knowledge of Children's Thinking  

E-print Network

. Teachers plan instruction using research-based knowledge about children's mathematical thinking (Carpenter40 Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Conducting Research to Enhance Their Knowledge of Children-service teachers enrolled in a mathematics methods course. Subjects conducted research on children's mathematical

Spagnolo, Filippo

174

How Teachers Compare the Roles of Cooperating Teacher and Mentor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 94 teachers who served as cooperating teachers or mentored beginning teachers indicated that, despite few extrinsic rewards, they were motivated to undertake these roles; many had no formal preparation for them. Without clear expectations and high-quality training, their ability to enhance student and beginning teachers' practice may…

Ganser, Tom

2002-01-01

175

Improving Teacher Quality: Ideological Perspectives and Policy Prescriptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews ideological debates over teacher education, the possible effects of professionalization, and chief criticisms of teacher education programs: incoherent curriculum, generic preparation, out-of-touch faculty, ideological influences, and institutional ineffectiveness. Outlines specific recommendations for teacher educators, school…

Lasley, Thomas J., II; Bainbridge, William L.; Berry, Barnett

2002-01-01

176

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

177

Science Education in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Putting Forward a Case to Enhance Student Teachers' Confidence and Competence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Zealand is moving towards increased qualification requirements for early childhood educators. There is an underlying assumption that there is a correlation between quality early childhood education, teacher qualifications and quality practices in teaching and learning. Two fields of literature, early childhood pedagogy and science specific pedagogy, are reviewed briefly to provide a framework with which to consider why student teachers' attitudes, misunderstandings and misconceptions in science can limit their ability and willingness to create quality teaching and learning opportunities. The study reported in this paper highlights, in general, that early childhood student teachers' subject knowledge in science was poor. It also emerged that the student teachers were unaware of how little they knew and how this might affect their ability to provide appropriate science experiences for young children.

Garbett, Dawn

2003-08-01

178

An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

2012-01-01

179

The Improving Teacher Quality Program: 2008 Grants and Current Research. Commission Report 08-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, the Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program issues a Request for Proposals (RFP) to award funds provided annually from the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. In recent years, each RFP has focused on a specific objective tied to state priorities in teacher quality. Six grants were awarded in 2008: (1) Bell Gardens Science…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

180

Humanistic Qualities of the Teacher as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Bahrain and Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to identify the main qualities of the teacher as a person as perceived by university students in Bahrain and Kuwait. A 25-item questionnaire, which reflected the basic humanistic qualities of the teacher as related to effective teaching, was designed and then administered to a random sample of 520 students enrolled…

Al-Musawi, Nu'man; Karam, Ebraheem M.

2011-01-01

181

Evaluating EFL Intermediate Teachers' Performance in the Light of Quality Standards in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research aimed at four points: First, Identifying the most appropriate standards of EFL Saudi teachers' performance in the light of quality standards. Second, designing an objective and comprehensive evaluation rubric based on quality standards to evaluate EFL Saudi intermediate teachers' performance. Third, determining to what extent…

Al-Thumali, Amani Dakheel Allah

2011-01-01

182

Teacher Loyalty of Elementary Schools in Taiwan: The Contribution of Gratitude and Relationship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gratitude was an important missing factor in the extant relationship quality and relationship loyalty model. We introduced gratitude into the model of relationship quality and relationship loyalty. Two hundred and eighteen teachers from elementary schools in Taiwan were used to conduct an empirical research. The results show that teachers'…

Ting, Shueh-Chin; Yeh, Liang-Yin

2014-01-01

183

Select Novice Elementary Teachers' Perceived Knowledge and Implementation of High-Quality Reading Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed methods study was to examine select novice teachers' perceived knowledge of high-quality reading instruction, explore the extent that select novice teachers implemented high-quality reading instruction into their own classrooms, and to investigate any factors that explain the similarities and differences between…

Bumstead, Stacey

2012-01-01

184

The Influence of Principal Gender, Teachers' Years of Experience, and Retention on Teacher Perceptions of Principal Leadership Style, Qualities, and Job Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One main challenge for many school districts in these tough economic times is teacher retention and all the costs associated. This study looks the influence of principal gender, teacher years of experience, and teacher retention based on teachers' perceptions of their principal's leadership style, transformational leadership qualities,…

Eddins, Gregg M.

2012-01-01

185

The Cost-Effectiveness of Raising Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Econometric studies suggest that student achievement may be improved if high-performing teachers are substituted for low-performing teachers. Drawing upon a recent study linking teacher performance on licensure exams with gains in student achievement, an analysis was conducted to determine the cost-effectiveness of requiring teacher applicants to…

Yeh, Stuart S.

2009-01-01

186

A Comparison of Teacher-Rated Classroom Conduct, Social Skills, and Teacher–Child Relationship Quality Between Preschool English Learners and Preschool English Speakers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the differences between preschool English learners and preschool English speakers in the areas of classroom conduct, social skills, and teacher–child relationship quality, as rated by their teachers. Data were taken from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project. Students who were English learners were rated significantly more positively on classroom conduct and teacher–child relationship quality than

Molly Luchtel; Kere Hughes; Gayle Luze; Katherine Richardson Bruna; Carla Peterson

2010-01-01

187

Science Teacher Education in Australia: Initiatives and Challenges to Improve the Quality of Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, we describe how teachers in the Australian school system are educated to teach science and the different qualifications that teachers need to enter the profession. The latest comparisons of Australian students in international science assessments have brought about various accountability measures to improve the quality of science teachers at all levels. We discuss the issues and implications of government initiatives in preservice and early career teacher education programs, such as the implementation of national science curriculum, the stricter entry requirements to teacher education programs, an alternative pathway to teaching and the measure of effectiveness of teacher education programs. The politicized discussion and initiatives to improve the quality of science teacher education in Australia are still unfolding as we write in 2014.

Treagust, David F.; Won, Mihye; Petersen, Jacinta; Wynne, Georgie

2015-02-01

188

Qualities of effective secondary science teachers: Perspectives of university biology students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research was an attempt to hear the student voice concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and to share that voice with those who impact the educational process. It was a snapshot of university freshmen biology students' opinions of the qualities of effective secondary science teachers based on their high school science experiences. The purpose of this study was to compile a list of effective secondary science teacher qualities as determined through a purposeful sampling of university second semester biology students and determine the role of the secondary science teacher in promoting interest and achievement in science, as well as the teacher's influence on a students' choice of a science career. The research was a mixed methods design using both quantitative and qualitative data obtained through the use of a 24 question electronic survey. There were 125 participants who provided information concerning their high school science teachers. Respondents provided information concerning the qualities of effective secondary science teachers and influences on the students' present career choice. The quantitative data was used to construct a hierarchy of qualities of effective secondary science teachers, divided into personal, professional, and classroom management qualities. The qualitative data was used to examine individual student responses to questions concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and student career choice. The results of the research indicated that students highly value teachers who are both passionate about the subject taught and passionate about their students. High school science students prefer teachers who teach science in a way that is both interesting and relevant to the student. It was determined that the greatest influence on a secondary student's career choice came from family members and not from teachers. The secondary teacher's role was to recognize the student's interest in the career and provide encouragement, motivation, and success in support of the chosen career.

McCall, Madelon J.

189

In Search of Good Teachers: Patterns of Teacher Quality in Two Mexican States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses longitudinal data from Mexico's Carrera Magisterial teacher incentive program to identify teacher attributes that are positively associated with student test scores and to describe how teachers with these attributes are distributed across schools in two diverse Mexican states, Aguascalientes and Sonora. I find that teachers' scores…

Luschei, Thomas F.

2012-01-01

190

Changes in Student Teachers' Motives and the Meaning of Teacher Education Programme Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides insights into possible changes in 83 student teachers' motives for becoming teachers, their professional commitment and their self-efficacy after a year of teacher education. Furthermore, it addresses the extent to which these changes relate to student teachers' perceptions of their learning environment--specifically,…

Canrinus, E. T.; Fokkens-Bruinsma, M.

2014-01-01

191

The Social Reconstructionist Approach to Teacher Education: A Necessary Component to Achieving Excellence and Quality Education for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving all aspects of the quality of education is dependent on preparing teachers to become critical citizens. The social reconstructionist approach to teacher education is essential to transforming an education system defined by inequity, issues of quality, and issues of access. How do pre-service teachers perceive the mission of quality

Mayne, Hope

2014-01-01

192

Talent Development for the Talent Developers: Identifying and Developing the Qualities of Effective Teachers of Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contains a literature review concerning the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted. The research analysed 15 empirical studies and identified several common qualities of effective teachers. It is proposed that the qualities of effective teachers of the gifted are equivalent to talents in Gagne's differentiated model of giftedness…

Slatter, Christopher John

2008-01-01

193

Three Methods of Enhancing Global Educational Awareness for Future Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers can echo the ethnic diversity of students in simulation trips to achieve an appreciation of globally indigenous education practices for future teachers. This article explores the three methods of achieving this, consisting of technology, acting out, and simulated trips, as they may be used by teachers to blend the more salient…

Haapanen, Iris

2013-01-01

194

Teacher Understanding of Quality in the Visual Arts Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the assessment practices of teachers in the visual arts. This examination was not limited to the rubrics, tests, and grading systems present in the classes, but included observations of teacher conversations with students, questioning strategies of both teacher and student, and daily art room activities. The…

Munson, April Dawn

2009-01-01

195

Investigating the Relationship Between Pharmacy Students’ Achievement Goal Orientations and Preferred Teacher Qualities  

PubMed Central

Objective. To investigate the relationships between pharmacy students’ preferred teacher qualities and their academic achievement goal orientations. Methods. Participants completed an achievement goal questionnaire and a build-a-teacher task. For the latter, students were given a $20 hypothetical budget to purchase amounts of 9 widely valued teachersqualities. Results. Three hundred sixty-six students participated. Students spent most of their budget on the traits of enthusiasm, expertise, and clear presentation style, and the least amount of money on interactive teaching, reasonable workload, warm personality, and intellectually challenging. In relation to achievement goals, negative associations were found between avoidance goals and preferences for teachers who encourage rigorous thinking and self-direction. Conclusion. These novel findings provide a richer profile of the ways students respond to their learning environment. Understanding the relationships between teachers’ characteristics and pharmacy students’ achievement goal orientations will contribute to improving the quality of pharmacy learning and teaching environments. PMID:25258440

Sainsbury, Erica; Rose, Grenville; Smith, Lorraine

2014-01-01

196

Teacher Pension Systems, the Composition of the Teaching Workforce, and Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher pension systems concentrate retirements within a narrow range of the career cycle by penalizing individuals who separate too soon or remain employed too long. The penalties result in the retention of some teachers who would otherwise choose to leave, and the premature exit of some teachers who would otherwise choose to stay. We examine the…

Koedel, Cory; Podgursky, Michael; Shi, Shishan

2013-01-01

197

Teacher Pension Systems, the Composition of the Teaching Workforce, and Teacher Quality. Working Paper 72  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher pension systems target retirements within a narrow range of the career cycle by penalizing individuals who separate too soon or remain employed too long. The penalties result in the retention of some teachers who would otherwise choose to leave, and the premature exit of some teachers who would otherwise choose to stay. We examine how the…

Koedel, Cory; Podgursky, Michael

2012-01-01

198

A Phenomenological Research Study of the Experience of Teachers in the Virgin Islands Teacher Enhancement in Mathematics and Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of conducting this study was to describe the experience of elementary teachers in a mathematics and science staff development project in the U.S. Virgin Islands. The focus of this study was to describe the meaning teachers attribute to their experience in this three year project, in which many of the national mathematics and science reform efforts were implemented. A phenomenological approach was used in order to develop a complete picture of the teachers' experiences. Data collection consisted of interviews with seven elementary teachers. The data were subjective descriptions of the teachers pertaining to the initial summer institute, the follow-up sessions, and the new innovative methods. The transcendental phenomenological model was used. The textural and structural themes included enhanced learning and changes in teaching practice, and interactions with colleagues. From these themes, individual and composite textual descriptions of the experience of the teacher participants were developed. The synthesis of those descriptions illuminated the meanings and essence of their lived experience. The findings indicate that the essence of the experience was the development of a positive attitude towards the teaching of math and science. The teachers gained confidence in their ability to motivate students with the inquiry method and taught more math and science. The implications for the Virgin Islands Department of Education include establishing a partnership with the local university to offer staff development training in mathematics and science and to conduct evaluations of its training efforts.

Thurland, Karen C.

199

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

200

Ideas Exchange: How Do You Use NASPE's Teacher Toolbox to Enhance Professional Activities with Students, Sport or Physical Education Lessons, Faculty Wellness Classes or Community Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NASPE's Teacher Toolbox is an instructional resource site which provides educators with a wide variety of teaching tools that focus on physical activity. This service is provided by NASPE to support instructional activities as well as promote quality programs. New monthly issues support NASPE's mission to enhance knowledge, improve professional…

Simpkins, Mary Ann; McNeill, Shane; Dieckman, Dale; Sissom, Mark; LoBianco, Judy; Lund, Jackie; Barney, David C.; Manson, Mara; Silva, Betsy

2009-01-01

201

The Effects of Los Angeles Universal Preschool on Quality Preschool Teacher Retention in Los Angeles County  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if the implementation of Los Angeles Universal Preschool (LAUP) programs has a positive effect on the retention of quality preschool teachers in Los Angeles County. In prior work, preschool teacher retention is associated with wages, program structure, program process, professional development, and…

Lopez Stevens, Holly Anne

2010-01-01

202

Wingspread Conference on Quality Assurance in Teacher Education (Racine, Michigan, May 11-13, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A small group of influential educators participated in a Wingspread Conference to discuss the topic of teacher warranty programs. While each of the warranty programs described at Wingspread was distinctive, there were a number of features that all seemed to have in common: (1) teacher warranty programs are a form of quality assurance for…

Barr, Robert D., Ed.; Schalock, H. Del, Ed.

203

Science Teacher Education in Australia: Initiatives and Challenges to Improve the Quality of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we describe how teachers in the Australian school system are educated to teach science and the different qualifications that teachers need to enter the profession. The latest comparisons of Australian students in international science assessments have brought about various accountability measures to improve the quality of science…

Treagust, David F.; Won, Mihye; Petersen, Jacinta; Wynne, Georgie

2015-01-01

204

Promoting Quality Teaching: New Approaches to Compensation and Career Pathways. Perspectives from Accomplished California Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report identifies what are thought to be smart ways to redesign career paths and compensation for California teachers. It is known which changes are most likely to improve both teaching quality and student achievement, because these changes address what really matters in schools and what motivates teachers. These are not the traditional and…

National Board Resource Center at Stanford University, 2012

2012-01-01

205

A Ten-Year Study on Quantity, Quality and Personal Characteristics of Teacher Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compares the quantity, quality, and personal characteristics of teacher education candidates for the 1982-83 school year with the teacher education candidates for the 1971-72 and 1972-73 school years. Subjects included students of secondary education at Indiana State University (ISU) who had applied to student teach. Data for the study…

Horton, Daniel, Jr.; Summers, Jerry

206

The Quality Teacher and Education Act in San Francisco: Lessons Learned. Policy Brief 09-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief reviews the recent experience of the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) with the development and approval of Proposition A. Proposition A (also known as the Quality Teacher and Education Act, or QTEA) included a parcel tax mainly dedicated to increasing teachers' salaries, along with a variety of measures introducing…

Hough, Heather J.

2009-01-01

207

Getting beyond Talk: State Leadership Needed To Improve Teacher Quality. Educational Benchmarks 2000 Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report restates selected Southern Regional Education Board policy recommendations on teacher quality since the early 1980s, outlines key policy areas that need attention, and provides examples of state actions to make needed changes. Regarding teacher preparation, the report discusses university responsibility, partnerships with schools, and…

Cornett, Lynn M.

208

Connecting the Continuum: A University-Based Induction Program to Improve Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Summer Curriculum Writing Institute (SCWI) supports graduates of a university-based teacher education program during the induction years and beyond with the aim of impacting teacher quality. The purpose of this article is to describe the development, goals, research, and lessons learned during SCWI from 2005-12. The week focuses around the…

Van Zandt Allen, Laura

2014-01-01

209

Building on the Best Generation: Building Teacher Quality as a Facilitator of Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a paradox at the heart of the education debate on building the best generation of teachers. Ministers criticise teachers for not raising standards. Yet their answer is to change the governance structures of school. Why not address the real challenge--how to raise the status and quality of teaching in this country? It matters far more what…

Twigg, Stephen

2012-01-01

210

Mathematics Teacher Quality: Its Distribution and Relationship with Student Achievement in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A main purpose of the present study was to investigate the distribution of qualified mathematics teachers in relation to students' socioeconomic status (SES), as measured by parental education, among Turkish middle schools. Further, relationships between mathematics teacher quality indicators and students' mathematics achievement were…

Özel, Zeynep Ebrar Yetkiner; Özel, Serkan

2013-01-01

211

Beginning EFL Teachers' Beliefs about Quality Questions and Their Questioning Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivated by the scarcity of research that examines the impact of teacher beliefs on their actual practices in Vietnam, this study investigated the relationship between teachers' beliefs about quality questions and their questioning behaviours in terms of questioning purposes, content focus, students' cognitive level, wording and syntax.…

Pham, Ly Ngoc Khanh; Hamid, M. Obaidul

2013-01-01

212

The Quality of School Life and Burnout as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being among Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to determine the rate of how teachers' subjective wellbeing is predicted by their perceptions about the quality of school life and burnout levels. The participants of the study consisted of 161 teachers (93 females, 68 males) who were working in elementary schools in Adana central districts. The Positive-Negative…

Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya; Sari, Mediha

2009-01-01

213

Special Education Teacher Quality and Preparation: Exposing Foundations, Constructing a New Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors trace changes in conceptions of special education teacher quality and preparation in response to developments in special education research, policy, and practice. This developmental arc is a backdrop for understanding contemporary special education practice and charting future directions for preparing special education teachers.…

Brownell, Mary T.; Sindelar, Paul T.; Kiely, Mary Theresa; Danielson, Louis C.

2010-01-01

214

Update on the Improving Teacher Quality Program. Report 09-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) State Grants Program is currently operating professional development grants for California teachers at 40 sites statewide. This is as large a cadre of projects as the California Postsecondary Education Commission has operated since the ITQ Program began with the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.…

Humphrey, Karen

2009-01-01

215

Allocating Quality: Collective Bargaining Agreements and Administrative Discretion over Teacher Assignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: School leaders argue that to make the improvements in both quality and equity that government mandates demand, they need more flexibility with regard to personnel management--specifically, teacher assignment. According to some, such flexibility is constrained by collective bargaining between teachers unions and school districts.…

Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

2007-01-01

216

Assessing Quality of Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Written Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of scientific arguments developed by pre-service physics teachers. Sample: The participants were 171 pre-service physics teachers recruited from two universities: 86 from University A and 85 from University B. Design and method: Participants were prompted to develop a written argument to…

Aydeniz, Mehmet; Gürçay, Deniz

2013-01-01

217

Motivation and Quality of Work Life among Secondary School EFL Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study set out to investigate the relationship between quality of work life and teacher motivation among 160 secondary school English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers in Tehran, Iran. In addition, 30 of the participants were randomly selected to take part in follow-up interviews which asked why they felt the way they reported. The results…

Baleghizadeh, Sasan; Gordani, Yahya

2012-01-01

218

Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) Program Application Process and Grant Awards. Commission Report 05-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Improving Teacher Quality State Grants Program--Title II-A of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001--provides funding for partnerships between Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs) and Local Education Agencies (LEAs) to support professional development for teachers. The California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC) administers…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2005

2005-01-01

219

The National Teacher Enhancement Program (K-8) coordinated by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Teachers need help, not harassment. So do the establishments in which teachers practice their profession. Community resources must be marshalled to provide help to local schools and teachers. In 1990 the National Science Foundation (NSF) established a unique educational activity named the National Teacher Enhancement Program (NTEP). NSF took advantage of the Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored educational programs and resources at several large DOE contractor labs that had had prior experience with DOE supported teacher enhancement programs. While DOE concentrated on teacher enhancement activities for secondary teachers, the NSF concentrated on teachers from grades K-8. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is the lead organization for both administering and coordinating the grant. Other participating laboratories are Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FERMI), Battelle-Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL) with some support functions provided by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU). The program calls for a three week duration workshop to be conducted at each lab followed by in-service training and other activities during the year. The NSF/NTEP protocol calls for networking among the participating organizations and some of the teachers. An assessment effort is also an integral part of the program. 2 refs.

Richmond, C.R.

1991-01-01

220

A Fingerprint Pattern of Supports for Teachers' Designing of Technology-Enhanced Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers often find themselves in a position in which they need to adapt technology-enhanced materials to meet the needs of their students. As new technologies--especially those not specifically designed for learning--find their way into schools, teachers need to be able to design learning experiences that use these new technologies in their local…

Svihla, Vanessa; Reeve, Richard; Sagy, Ornit; Kali, Yael

2015-01-01

221

Insights from a Subject Knowledge Enhancement Course for Preparing New Chemistry and Physics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent Government response to shortages of new physics and chemistry teachers is the extended subject knowledge enhancement (SKE) course. Graduates without a physics or chemistry bachelor degree are prepared by an SKE course to enter a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) programme to become science teachers with a physics or chemistry…

Inglis, Michael; Mallaburn, Andrea; Tynan, Richard; Clays, Ken; Jones, Robert Bryn

2013-01-01

222

Prospective Teachers' Views about Video-Enhanced General Biology Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to determine the views of the prospective physics and chemistry teachers about the video-enhanced General Biology instruction. The participants included 19 second-year prospective teachers (10 in Physics and 9 in Chemistry Education) at Necatibey Faculty of Education, Balikesir University, Turkey in the 2011-2012 academic…

Çetin, Gülcan

2014-01-01

223

Enhancing Pre-Service Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Skills of Using the Geometer's Sketchpad through Lesson Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to enhance pre-service secondary mathematics teachers' skills of using the Geometer's Sketchpad (GSP) through Lesson Study. Twenty-four Lesson Study groups each comprising four or five pre-service secondary mathematics teachers who attended a mathematics teaching methods course in a local public university were set up…

Meng, Chew Cheng; Sam, Lim Chap

2011-01-01

224

Teachers' Professional Development for the Technology-Enhanced Classroom in the School of Tomorrow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the following general questions: (1) what is the role of the teacher in the technology enhanced classroom; and (2) how are teachers prepared for the use of new technology in the classroom? The answers will differ among European countries due to, among other reasons, resources, national initiatives and available…

Hansson, Henrik

2006-01-01

225

The Development of a Teacher Salary Parcel Tax: The Quality Teacher and Education Act in San Francisco  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study will serve primarily as an historical account detailing the development of Quality Teacher and Education Act (QTEA). QTEA and the most salient details that led to its eventual passage, serving as an information source for San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) and other districts when they take on potentially controversial…

Hough, Heather J.; Loeb, Susanna

2009-01-01

226

Shaky Methods, Shaky Motives: A Critique of the National Council of Teacher Quality's Review of Teacher Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ) recent review of university-based teacher preparation programs concluded the vast majority of such programs were inadequately preparing the nation's teachers. The study, however, has a number of serious flaws that include narrow focus on inputs, lack of a strong research base, missing…

Fuller, Edward J.

2014-01-01

227

Changes in Student Teachers' Agency Beliefs during a Teacher Education Year, and Relationships with Observed Classroom Quality, and Day-to-Day Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Conceptualizations of teachers' agency beliefs converge around domains of support and instruction. Aim: We investigated changes in student teachers' agency beliefs during a 1 year teacher education course, and related these to observed classroom quality and day-to-day experiences in partnership schools during the practicum. Samples:…

Malmberg, Lars-Erik; Hagger, Hazel

2009-01-01

228

Teacher Career Paths, Teacher Quality, and Persistence in the Classroom: Are Public Schools Keeping Their Best? CEDR Working Paper No. 2010-2.0  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine the mobility of early-career teachers of varying quality, measured using value-added estimates of teacher performance. Unlike previous studies that have examined these issues, we focus on the variation in these effects across the effectiveness distribution. We find that, on average, more effective teachers tend to stay in…

Goldhaber, Dan; Gross, Betheny; Player, Daniel

2010-01-01

229

Preparing potential teachers for the transition from employment to teacher training: an evaluative case study of a Maths Enhancement Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to a UK government drive to improve maths teaching in schools, the South West London Maths Enhancement Course (MEC) has been set up through collaboration between three higher education institutions (HEIs) to provide an efficient route for non?maths graduates in employment to upgrade their subject knowledge and give a smooth transition into teacher training (PGCE). An evaluation of

Steve May; Jane Gay; Nigel Atkins

2008-01-01

230

Quality Enhancement on E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Benchmarking, a method for quality assurance has not been very commonly used in higher education with regard to e-learning. Today, e-learning is an integral part of higher education, and so should also be an integral part of quality assurance systems. However, quality indicators, benchmarks and critical success factors on e-learning have…

Ossiannilsson, E. S. I.

2012-01-01

231

How Can Video Supported Reflection Enhance Teachers' Professional Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper responds to Eva Lundqvist, Jonas Almqvist and Leif Ostman's account of how the manner of teaching can strongly influence pupil learning by recommending video supported reflection as a means by which teachers can transform the nature of their practice. Given the complex nature of the many conditions which influence and control teachers'…

McCullagh, John F.

2012-01-01

232

Teacher Perception of Tasks That Enhance Data Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to provide an account of teacher perception of core practice tasks in data use, particularly data interpretation. Data interpretation is critical to professional practice in planning instructional adjustments for student learning. This is a case study of four elementary teachers who provide numerous task-specific…

Wolfe, Gretchen L.

2012-01-01

233

Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers through Quality Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The special education teaching environment is a teaching environment with unique duties that often challenge novice special education teachers. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to gain clarity of the work environment of special education teachers to uncover professional development practices that would work to support them. Research…

Tate, Mary E.

2013-01-01

234

Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing Quality Culture. ENQA Workshop Report 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK), organised a seminar on theme "Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing quality culture" which was held on 8-9 June, 2010 in London, United Kingdom. The seminar marked the fourth annual meeting of the ENQA IQA Group…

ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), 2010

2010-01-01

235

Teachers Involving Parents (TIP): An in-service teacher education program for enhancing parental involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Because parental involvement in children=s education has been associated with positive outcomes for students, teacher skills for engaging parental involvement are an important area of professional development. An in-service education program ( Teachers Involving Parents [TIP]) was designed to increase elementary and middle school teachers=invitations to parental involvement by strengthening participants=sense of teaching efficacy, beliefs about parents= efficacy for

Kathleen V. Hoover-dempsey; Joan M. Walker; Kathleen P. Jones; Richard P. Reed

236

Teacher student relationship quality type in elementary grades: Effects on trajectories for achievement and engagement  

PubMed Central

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second and third grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with reports of others: Congruent positive, Congruent Negative, Incongruent Child Negative and Incongruent Child Positive. The cluster solution evidenced good internal consistency and construct validity. Cluster membership predicted growth trajectories for teacher-rated engagement and standardized achievement scores over the following three years, above prior performance. The predictive associations between child reports of teacher support and conflict and outcomes depended on whether child reports were consistent or inconsistent with reports of others. Study findings have implications for theory development, assessment of teacher-student relationships, and teacher professional development. PMID:20728688

Wu, Jiun-yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man

2010-01-01

237

The effect of teacher quality on the achievement of students in Integrated Physics and Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For many years, researchers, policy makers, and the education community have explored various school variables and their impact on student achievement (Darling-Hammond, 2000; Ferguson and Womack 1993; Ferguson and Ladd 1996; Rice, 2003; Rockoff, 2003; Rowan, Chiang, and Miller 1997; Sanders and Horn, 1996; Wright Horn and Sanders, 1997). Invariably, the issue of teacher quality arises. Teacher quality is the single most influential factor under school control that affects student achievement (Darling-Hammond, 2000; Rice, 2003; Rockoff, 2003; Sanders and Horn, 1996; Wright Horn and Sanders, 1997). Generally, students taught by highly qualified teachers perform better on standardized tests than students with less qualified teachers (Ferguson and Womack 1993; Ferguson and Ladd 1996; Rowan, Chiang, and Miller 1997). Previous research indicates that teachers indeed matter for the improvement of student achievement, but getting good measures of what is meant by teacher quality is a continuing challenge (Goldhaber, 2002). The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of teacher quality on the achievement of students in Integrated Physics and Chemistry (IPC). In order to achieve this purpose, this study addressed the following research question: chemistry and physics teachers compare to the achievement of students taught by less-qualified IPC teachers? A causal-comparative methodology was employed to address this research question. The independent variable was teacher quality---highly-qualified or less qualified. The teacher attributes that were examined in this study are: (1) teachers' educational background; (2) content knowledge; (3) pedagogical knowledge; and (4) certification. The dependent variable was student achievement in integrated physics and chemistry, as measured by an end-of-course IPC District Assessment of Curriculum, IPC DAC. Descriptive statistics were computed for the independent variable in the study. A Chi Square was performed on the data, utilizing SPSS version 12.0.1 software. Next a test of statistical significance was done to determine whether the null hypothesis could be rejected; and whether or not the research hypothesis could be accepted. Since this is a causal comparative design with only two groups in which student achievement was measured by a test that will yield raw scores, a Chi Square was conducted to determine whether the pass rates of the two groups of students based on obtained and expected percentages were statistically significantly different A Chi Square value of 4.29 was obtained, which indicates that the pass rate for students of highly-qualified teachers was statistically significantly higher than for students of less-qualified teachers. For the purpose of this study a criterion value of (p<.05) was used.

Alexander, Rima

238

Principals' Approaches to Developing Teacher Quality: Constraints and Opportunities in Hiring, Assigning, Evaluating, and Developing Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing evidence that, of all school resources, teachers have the largest impact on student achievement. Principals arguably play the most important role in ensuring that excellent teaching occurs in their school. How principals hire teachers, assign them to specific positions, evaluate them, and provide growth opportunities for them…

Donaldson, Morgaen L.

2011-01-01

239

Fair to Everyone: Building the Balanced Teacher Evaluations that Educators and Students Deserve. Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In schools across America, teachers know who among their peers is doing the best work and who is not. Yet the nation's evaluation systems tend to foster the notion that all teachers perform the same way, with the same results for students. Indeed, in an attempt at equality--uniform treatment for everyone--current evaluation systems often end up…

Almy, Sarah

2011-01-01

240

Enhancing Service Quality Through Integrated Services Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service quality is often conceptualized as the comparison of service expectations with actual performance perceptions. Emphasis is placed on the combined attitudinal construct of service quality, highlighting cognitive and affective components. The aim of this study is to evaluate these expectations and perceptions from the point of view of franchisees in a prominent home entertainment franchise system. The purpose is

A. Maritz

2006-01-01

241

Enhancing Service Quality Through Integrated Services Martketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service quality is often conceptualized as the comparison of service expectations with actual performance perceptions. Emphasis is placed on the combined attitudinal construct of service quality, highlighting cognitive and affective components. The aim of this study is to evaluate these expectations and perceptions from the point of view of franchisees in a prominent home entertainment franchise system. The purpose is

Alex Maritz

2007-01-01

242

Enhancing causal interpretations of quality improvement interventions  

PubMed Central

In an era of chronic resource scarcity it is critical that quality improvement professionals have confidence that their project activities cause measured change. A commonly used research design, the single group pre-test/post-test design, provides little insight into whether quality improvement interventions cause measured outcomes. A re-evaluation of a quality improvement programme designed to reduce the percentage of bilateral cardiac catheterisations for the period from January 1991 to October 1996 in three catheterisation laboratories in a north eastern state in the USA was performed using an interrupted time series design with switching replications. The accuracy and causal interpretability of the findings were considerably improved compared with the original evaluation design. Moreover, the re-evaluation provided tangible evidence in support of the suggestion that more rigorous designs can and should be more widely employed to improve the causal interpretability of quality improvement efforts. Evaluation designs for quality improvement projects should be constructed to provide a reasonable opportunity, given available time and resources, for causal interpretation of the results. Evaluators of quality improvement initiatives may infrequently have access to randomised designs. Nonetheless, as shown here, other very rigorous research designs are available for improving causal interpretability. Unilateral methodological surrender need not be the only alternative to randomised experiments. Key Words: causal interpretations; quality improvement; interrupted time series design; implementation fidelity PMID:11533426

Cable, G

2001-01-01

243

Raising the Bar of Teacher Quality: Accountability, Collaboration, and Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, reform efforts to address poor student achievement have focused on a variety of issues other than teacher quality. Movements such as TQM (Total Quality Management), class size reduction (CSR), school leadership, parental involvement, and multicultural curriculum have not directly addressed the power or influence of the individual…

Ganley, DeLacy Derin; Quintanar, Anita P.; Loop, Lisa S.

2007-01-01

244

T2QM (Teaching and Total Quality Management) for Medical Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the potential relationship of teaching and total quality management (TQM) and the subsequent benefits for individual medical teachers. Addresses issues such as defining teaching processes and quality teaching, responding to customers' needs, assessing current teaching practices, and improving one's own teaching. Contains 18 references.…

Bing-You, R. G.

1997-01-01

245

E-Learning Quality Assurance: A Perspective of Business Teacher Educators and Distance Learning Coordinators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Business teacher educators and distance learning coordinators have the responsibility to deliver quality online courses and programs. Therefore, they must make sure that quality assurance benchmarks are present in online business education courses and programs. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which…

Chapman, Betty F.; Henderson, Ronda G.

2010-01-01

246

Representations of Teacher Quality, Quantity, and Diversity in a National Mathematics and Science Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing awareness of the importance of teacher quality in mathematics and science has stimulated a variety of national reports and funded initiatives for the purpose of improving teaching and learning in K-12 schools. This study examined the work of awardees in one federally-funded program that included a focus on increasing the number, quality,…

Moyer-Packenham, Patricia S.; Bolyard, Johnna J.; Oh, Hana; Kridler, Patricia; Salkind, Gwenanne

2006-01-01

247

Para-Teacher Scheme and Quality Education for All in India: Policy Perspectives and Challenges for School Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improvement in the quality, efficiency, and equity of education, to a considerable extent, depends on the nexus of teaching and learning, which is in turn influenced by the quality of teachers. The teacher has been identified as the single most important factor influencing the quality of education by the Indian Education Commission and the…

Pandey, Saroj

2006-01-01

248

Adaptive fingerprint image enhancement with fingerprint image quality analysis  

E-print Network

Adaptive fingerprint image enhancement with fingerprint image quality analysis Eun-Kyung Yun, Sung 20 September 2005; accepted 24 September 2005 Abstract Accurate minutiae extraction from fingerprint images is heavily dependent on the quality of the fingerprint images. In order to improve the performance

Cho, Sung-Bae

249

ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL (QUAL2EU)  

EPA Science Inventory

The enhanced stream water quality model QUAL2E and QUAL2E-UNCAS (37) permits simulation of several water quality constituents in a branching stream system using a finite difference solution to the one-dimensional advective-dispersive mass transport and reaction equation. The con...

250

IT-Enhanced Service Quality in the Healthcare Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing good service quality is of great strategic importance in the management of any service organizations. Besides ensuring excellent clinical care, hospitals should also focus on providing quality service to their patients and visitors. The findings from this study could provide useful information as to how hospitals could better manage their services and harness information technologies to enhance their services.

Lee Pui-Mun

251

Children's Books in Child Care Classrooms: Quality, Accessibility, and Reasons for Teachers' Choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of child care classrooms as contexts for early literacy development makes it critical to investigate the child care teacher's role in selecting, reading, and making accessible high-quality children's books, and in providing a variety of reading opportunities. The present study was designed to obtain exploratory descriptive information about this neglected topic. Twenty-one teachers of 4-year-old children from a

Sandra Stone; Sandra Twardosz

2001-01-01

252

Quality Assurance: Enhancing or Threatening Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing marketization of commodity services and, the authors argue, higher education is suffering heavily from this trend. Higher education institutions (HEIs) are currently subject to quality assurance and other externally imposed procedures that have been successfully applied in the private sector. This article analyses the…

Taousanidis, Nikolaos I.; Antoniadou, Myrofora A.

2010-01-01

253

MTU-pre-service teacher enhancement program. Final report, September 1992--May 1995  

SciTech Connect

The MTU Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program was a two year extended project designed to introduce a select group of science and engineering undergraduate students, with good {open_quotes}people skills,{close_quotes} to the teaching profession. Participants were paid for their time spent with area teacher/mentors and were involved in a variety of in school activities, projects and observations to illustrate the teaching profession. They were encouraged to consider the teaching profession as a future career option. The student participants, however, were under no obligation to enter the Teacher Education Program at the conclusion of the program.

Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.J.

1996-01-01

254

LOL Teacher! Using Humor to Enhance Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laughing with students can help them connect on a deeper level with the teacher and the learning. This article offers the following four strategies to incorporate humor into teaching: (1) Integrate humorous bits to boost engagement; (2) Choose humorous materials; (3) Create interest with humorous web tools and apps; and (4) Teach with silly…

Terrell, Shelly

2015-01-01

255

Enhancing Reasoning Attitudes of Prospective Elementary School Mathematics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a constructivist approach for teaching mathematics to prospective elementary school teachers in USA. This approach employs a model of a "mathematical situation," a set of physical operations and a physical language to reason about students' mathematical doings. One of the primary goals of this approach is to promote a…

Peretz, Dvora

2006-01-01

256

Enhancing Learning Approaches in an Undergraduate Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study implemented contextual modifications in a preservice teacher education program to improve teaching and learning. The modifications were designed to increase students' use of deep approaches to learning and reduce their reliance on surface approaches. Because of how the teaching and learning environment was conceptualized, in accordance…

Gordon, Christopher; Debus, Ray

257

Enhancing Teacher Well-Being: Put On Your Oxygen Masks!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every day, teachers have the opportunity to have great impact on the lives of children through their leadership in the classroom. Their positive influence in the classroom is critical to meeting the challenges of educating and guiding young minds to their full potential. Recent research offers a number of strategies for promoting the five…

Hills, Kimberly J.; Robinson, Ashley

2010-01-01

258

Considering Professional Identity to Enhance Agriculture Teacher Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional identity secondary agriculture teachers display can affect their receptiveness and interest in different professional development events, yet is often overlooked when designing professional development because it is not included in the consensus of proven methods of professional development design and delivery (Desimone, 2009).…

Shoulders, Catherine W.; Myers, Brian E.

2011-01-01

259

Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Enhancing Teacher-Student Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines Neurolinguistic Programming (NCP) and discusses specific dimensions of the model that have applications for classroom teaching. Describes five representational systems individuals use to process information and gives examples of effective and ineffective teacher-student communication for each system. (MCF)

Childers, John H., Jr.

1985-01-01

260

Illinois Improving Teacher Quality State Grants: Learning about STEM Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a necessary preliminary for this issue on Illinois' experience with school-university partnerships to provide teacher development opportunities, this article provides a review of the literature relevant to such programs. As the evaluation and assessment have changed over the years since the Eisenhower grants period, the author explains the…

Gardner, Dianne C.

2011-01-01

261

Contribution of a Professional Development Programme to the Quality and Retention of Teachers in an Urban Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of a professional development programme aimed at equipping teachers for the challenges of teaching in urban schools. The contribution of the programme to teacher quality and teacher retention was evaluated using a mixed research design in which both quantitative (N?=?133) and qualitative (N?=?42) approaches were…

Gaikhorst, Lisa; Beishuizen, Jos J.; Zijlstra, Bonne J. H.; Volman, Monique L. L.

2015-01-01

262

Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience,…

Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

2013-01-01

263

How Will This Help Me? Evaluating an Accredited Programme to Enhance the Early Professional Development of Newly Qualified Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the evaluation of an accredited programme to enhance the early professional development of newly qualified teachers within the Black Country region of the English West Midlands. Newly qualified teachers participating in the accredited programme, their induction tutors, newly qualified teachers not participating in the…

Rhodes, Christopher; Nevill, Alan; Allan, Jo

2005-01-01

264

Typology of delivery quality: latent profile analysis of teacher engagement and delivery techniques in a school-based prevention intervention, keepin' it REAL curriculum.  

PubMed

Enhancing the delivery quality of school-based, evidence-based prevention programs is one key to ensuring uniform program effects on student outcomes. Program evaluations often focus on content dosage when implementing prevention curricula, however, less is known about implementation quality of prevention content, especially among teachers who may or may not have a prevention background. The goal of the current study is to add to the scholarly literature on implementation quality for a school-based substance use prevention intervention. Twenty-five schools in Ohio and Pennsylvania implemented the original keepin' REAL (kiR) substance use prevention curriculum. Each of the 10, 40-45 min lessons of the kiR curriculum was video recorded. Coders observed and rated a random sample of 276 videos reflecting 78 classes taught by 31 teachers. Codes included teachers' delivery techniques (e.g., lecture, discussion, demonstration and role play) and engagement with students (e.g. attentiveness, enthusiasm and positivity). Based on the video ratings, a latent profile analysis was run to identify typology of delivery quality. Five profiles were identified: holistic approach, attentive teacher-orientated approach, enthusiastic lecture approach, engaged interactive learning approach and skill practice-only approach. This study provides a descriptive typology of delivery quality while implementing a school-based substance use prevention intervention. PMID:25274721

Shin, YoungJu; Miller-Day, Michelle; Pettigrew, Jonathan; Hecht, Michael L; Krieger, Janice L

2014-12-01

265

Use Teacher Effectiveness Tools to Enhance Your Coaching Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coaching is one of the highest profile positions that schools and colleges employ. At the collegiate level, these individuals can even be the highest paid public employees in their states, and successful coaches are often the highest paid individuals in their school districts. But successful coaches can be defined in a number of ways, and…

Newman, Richard E.

2012-01-01

266

Designing to cost effectiveness - Enhancing quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors present a practical application of cost-effectiveness analysis techniques through the definition and solution of a representative design tradeoff study using cost-effectiveness as a figure of merit for quality. They also describe a decision process based on the results of tradeoff studies to provide a method of integrating the 'ilities' with design and manufacturing engineering to help accomplish integrated product development (IPD). While the approach is demonstrated in an aircraft application, the method is equally applicable in almost any product and any operational scenario, military or commercial.

Brennan, James R.; Stracener, Jerrell T.

267

NASA's Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement Initiatives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration celebrated its 25th Anniversary in 1983 at the Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC, with President Reagan in attendance. We look back on the accomplishments of these twenty-five years with pride in our missions and our people. NASA captured the world's imagination during the days of the Apollo mission. So much so, that we now talk about the Apollo era. In the l970s, we moved into the Space Transportation business and in the 199Os, we look forward to having a manned Space Station. Each succeeding mission has presented its own challenge in terms of technology and resources. This is especially true today, when we are being asked to do more with less. To ensure that NASA continues to be a productive and quality conscious agency, one of our highest Agency goals is leadership in the development and application of practices which contribute to high productivity and quality. greatest competitive strength, and this country has a solid scientific and engineering foundation. Traditionally we have spent more money on research and development than Japan and Europe combined, and we are the source of most of this century significant innovations. We should build on this solid base and use it more effectively.

1984-01-01

268

Teacher Research in Secondary Education: Effects on Teachers' Professional and School Development, and Issues of Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an empirical exploration of three initiatives in which teachers in secondary education (learn to) research their own practice in collaboration with university-based research institutes, aiming at professional development and knowledge construction. We found evidence of professional development, mainly at the level of the…

Meijer, Paulien C.; Oolbekkink, Helma W.; Meirink, Jacobiene A.; Lockhorst, Ditte

2013-01-01

269

The Teacher and the World: A Study of Cosmopolitanism as Education. Teacher Quality and School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers over the world over are seeking creative ways to respond to the problems and possibilities generated by globalization. Many of them work with children and youth from increasingly varied backgrounds, with diverse needs and capabilities. Others work with homogeneous populations and yet are aware that their students will encounter many…

Hansen, David

2011-01-01

270

Teacher Quality and Troops to Teachers: A National Study with Implications for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2005 national study surveyed 2,103 Troops to Teachers (T3) program completers and their school administrators using 21 research-based instructional practices and four effective classroom management strategies associated with increased student achievement to determine whether T3s were more effective in the classroom than traditionally prepared…

Owings, William A.; Kaplan, Leslie S.; Nunnery, John; Marzano, Robert; Myran, Stephen; Blackburn, David

2006-01-01

271

Do Demographic Factors, School Functioning, and Quality of Student-Teacher Relationships as Rated by Teachers Predict Internalising and Externalising Problems among Norwegian Schoolchildren?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explored the association between child internalising and externalising problems in schools and demographic factors (sex and age), school functioning (academic performance and adaptive functioning) and teacher-reported student-teacher relationship quality in a cross-sectional study using structural equation modelling. The study…

Drugli, May Britt; Klokner, Christian; Larsson, Bo

2011-01-01

272

The Qualities of Effective Teachers of High Ability Female Secondary School Students in Singapore: A Comparison of Teachers' and Students' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of high ability students (n = 32) described the qualities of their most effective teachers through a written essay. Analysis of the essays identified 30 different themes within four domains. These themes were used to construct a Likert scale survey and an ipsative comparison which were both administered to 42 teachers and 300 students at a…

Slatter, Christopher John

2010-01-01

273

School Based Accountability and the Distribution of Teacher Quality among Grades in Elementary Schools. Working Paper 75  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use North Carolina data to explore the extent to which teachers in the lower grades (K-2) of elementary school are lower quality than in the upper grades (3-5) and to examine the hypothesis that accountability contributes to a shortfall in teacher quality in the lower grades. Our concern with early elementary grades arises from recent studies…

Fuller, Sarah C.; Ladd, Helen F.

2012-01-01

274

Water Quality Indicators Guide [and Teacher's Handbook]: Surface Waters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide aids in finding water quality solutions to problems from sediment, animal wastes, nutrients, pesticides, and salts. The guide allows users to learn the fundamental concepts of water quality assessment by extracting basic tenets from geology, hydrology, biology, ecology, and wastewater treatment. An introduction and eight chapters are…

Terrell, Charles R.; Perfetti, Patricia Bytnar

275

The Value of Reliable Data: Interactive Data Tools from the National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality. Policy-to-Practice Brief. Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality (TQ Center) designed the Interactive Data Tools to provide users with access to state and national data that can be helpful in assessing the qualifications of teachers in the states and the extent to which a state's teacher policy climate generally supports teacher quality. The Interactive Data…

National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2008

2008-01-01

276

Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Southwest Region  

E-print Network

Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life enter Southwest Region to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Robert Herman Award Outstanding Doctoral Student

277

Bio-inspired framework for automatic image quality enhancement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a bio-inspired framework for automatic image quality enhancement. Restoration algorithms usually have fixed parameters whose values are not easily settable and depend on image content. In this study, we show that it is possible to correlate no-reference visual quality values to specific parameter settings such that the quality of an image could be effectively enhanced through the restoration algorithm. In this paper, we chose JPEG blockiness distortion as a case study. As for the restoration algorithm, we used either a bilateral filter, or a total variation denoising detexturer. The experimental results on the LIVE database will be reported. These results will demonstrate that a better visual quality is achieved through the optimized parameters over the entire range of compression, with respect to the algorithm default parameters.

Ceresi, Andrea; Gasparini, Francesca; Marini, Fabrizio; Schettini, Raimondo

2012-01-01

278

Evaluation of Objective Quality Measures for Speech Enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we evaluate the performance of several objective measures in terms of predicting the quality of noisy speech enhanced by noise suppression algorithms. The objective measures considered a wide range of distortions introduced by four types of real-world noise at two signal-to-noise ratio levels by four classes of speech enhancement algorithms: spectral subtrac- tive, subspace, statistical-model based, and

Yi Hu; Philipos C. Loizou

2008-01-01

279

Enhancing Teachers' Technological Knowledge and Assessment Practices to Enhance Student Learning in Technology: A Two-year Classroom Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports on a two-year classroom investigation of primary school (Years 1-8) technology education. The first year of the project explored emerging classroom practices in technology. In the second year intervention strategies were developed to enhance teaching, learning and assessment practices. Findings from the first year revealed that assessment was often seen in terms of social and managerial aspects, such as teamwork, turn taking and co-operative skills, rather than procedural and conceptual technological aspects. Existing formative interactions with students distorted the learning away from the procedural and conceptual aspects of the subject. The second year explored the development of teachers' technological knowledge in order to enhance formative assessment practices in technology, to inform classroom practice in technology, and to enhance student learning. Intervention strategies were designed to enhance the development of procedural, conceptual, societal and technical aspects of technology for teachers and students. The results from this intervention were very positive. This paper highlights the importance of developing teacher expertise pertaining to broad concepts of technology, detailed concepts in different technological areas and general pedagogical knowledge. The findings from this research therefore have implications for thinking about teaching, learning and assessment in technology.

Moreland, Judy; Jones, Alister; Northover, Ann

2001-02-01

280

The Effect of the Adoption of the Quality Philosophy by Teachers on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if the adoption of the Deming philosophy by teachers and use of the LtoJ[R] process resulted in greater academic achievement. Results of internal consistency analysis indicated that the instrument, the "Commitment to Quality Inventory for Educators," was a reliable measure of the Deming philosophy for…

Sandifer, Cody Clark

2009-01-01

281

Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education, including the education of children with exceptional needs are addressed along with recommendations for future

Bi Ying Hu; Judit Szente

2009-01-01

282

Teachers' Quality, Instructional Strategies and Students' Performance in Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the instruction between two independent variables of Teacher Quality and Instructional Strategy on Students Performance in Secondary School Science. In trying to examine the problem of this study, three null hypotheses were generated for testing at 0.05 level of significance Factorial Analysis of variance design with one…

Okoye, Nnamid S.; Momoh, Solomon O.; Aigbomian, Daniel O.; Okecha, Rita Ebele

2008-01-01

283

Framing Quality: Annotated Video-Based Portfolios of Classroom Practice by Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we describe the use of peer learning teams creating annotated video-based portfolios to improve the quality of teacher-child interactions of undergraduate majors in early childhood and family studies. We used the intentional teaching framework (Hamre et al. in "Handbook of Early Education." Guilford Publications, New York,…

Joseph, Gail E.; Brennan, Carolyn

2013-01-01

284

Observed Classroom Quality during Teacher Education and Two Years of Professional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of the present study are to investigate whether and how teachers change in their observed classroom quality (emotional and instructional support, classroom organization, and students' engagement; measured with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System observation measure for secondary school [CLASS-S]; Pianta, La Paro, & Hamre, 2006) during…

Malmberg, Lars-Erik; Hagger, Hazel; Burn, Katharine; Mutton, Trevor; Colls, Helen

2010-01-01

285

Water Quality: Water Education for Teachers. A 4-H School Enrichment Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This looseleaf notebook is a teacher resource package that is designed for enrichment program use. It contains five units dealing with water quality: (1) The Water Cycle; (2) Our Water Supply; (3) Waste/Water Treatment; (4) Water Conservation; (5) Water Pollution. The units provide background information, experiments, stories, poems, plays, and…

Powell, G. Morgan; Kling, Emily B.

286

Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education,…

Hu, Bi Ying; Szente, Judit

2009-01-01

287

Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources and…

Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

2011-01-01

288

Professional Development Schools (PDSs) and Social Justice Education: Alternative Notions of "Quality" for Future City Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether explicitly or implicitly, questioning and reformulating the purposes of public schools continues to be both a popular public and policy maker past time. Yet, few current definitions and assessments of school or teacher "quality" consider the social justice-oriented characteristics the authors of this article recognize as most important in…

Zenkov, Kristien; Corrigan, Diane; Beebe, Ronald S.; Sells, Sarah; Sell, Corey

2013-01-01

289

Student course taking and teacher quality: their effects on achievement and growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between high school students' curricular positions, their perceptions of the quality of their teachers, and school academic process variables on students' growth rates and ending achievement in mathematics and science. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Multilevel latent curve modeling is used to examine students' growth trajectories using the National Longitudinal Educational

Ronald H. Heck; Rochelle Mahoe

2010-01-01

290

Quality Indicators for Competitive Employment Outcomes: What Special Education Teachers Need to Know in Transition Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of job outcomes achieved by youth with disabilities who are transitioning into employment varies widely across the country. Special education teachers, youth with disabilities, families, community rehabilitation program (CRP) staff providing employment services, and others involved in assisting transitioning youth can benefit from a…

Brooke, Valerie Ann; Revell, Grant; Wehman, Paul

2009-01-01

291

How Art Teachers Can Enhance Artmaking as a Therapeutic Experience: Art Therapy and Art Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses four ways that art teachers can enhance the therapeutic aspects of their lessons: (1) recognize the similarities between the therapeutic and creative processes: (2) empathetically talk with students about their artwork; (3) understand Expressive Therapies Continuum (ETC); and (4) work in collaboration with faculty and staff members. (CMK)

Dunn-Snow, Peggy; D'Amelio, Georgette

2000-01-01

292

Enhancing Pre-Service Elementary Teachers' Conceptual Understanding of Solution Chemistry with Conceptual Change Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the use of a constructivist-based pedagogy to enhance understanding of some features of solution chemistry. Pre-service science teacher trainees' prior knowledge about the dissolution of salts and sugar in water were elicited by the use of a simple diagnostic tool. The test revealed widespread alternative conceptions. These…

Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa; Coll, Richard Kevin

2007-01-01

293

Using Combinations of Software To Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Critical Thinking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizes the study of quadratic equations to illustrate the use of combinations of software to enhance critical thinking in preservice mathematics teachers. Concludes that the use of multiple software enriches students' learning experiences and improves their critical-thinking skills. (ASK)

Oppong, Nicholas K.; Russell, Alan

1998-01-01

294

Blog-Enhanced ICT Courses: Examining Their Effects on Prospective Teachers' ICT Competencies and Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blogs are used as a technology support tool in teaching-learning processes in contemporary schools, especially in higher education. This paper examines the effects of using blogs on prospective teachers' perceived ICT competencies and perceptions in blog-enhanced ICT courses. Both quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used in the…

Goktas, Yuksel; Demirel, Turgay

2012-01-01

295

Introducing Mobile Technology for Enhancing Teaching and Learning in Bangladesh: Teacher Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the themes emerging from Bangladeshi teachers' experiences of taking part in the initial research and the development stage of a professional development programme they were involved with. The Secondary Teaching and Learning Programme is an information and communications technologies-enhanced supported open distance learning…

Shohel, M. Mahruf C.; Power, Tom

2010-01-01

296

The Joy of Learning Enhancing Learning Experience -Improving Learning Quality  

E-print Network

involve developing the #12;eTandem Language Learning Integrated in the Curriculum: Reflection fromThe Joy of Learning Enhancing Learning Experience - Improving Learning Quality Proceedings-963-89559-3-7 eTANDEM LANGUAGE LEARNING INTEGRATED IN THE CURRICULUM: REFLECTION FROM STUDENTS'PERSPECTIVES Jue

Halazonetis, Thanos

297

Genetic enhancement of peanut oil quality and disease resistance  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objectives of this project were to develop recombinant inbred lines (RILs, derived from SunOleic 97R x NC94022 ) for genetic and genomic studies and enhancement of peanut oil quality and disease resistance. The major fatty acids (oleic acid, linoleic acid, and palmitic acid) were 83.5%, 1.8%, an...

298

What Do Teachers Think about Quality in the Spanish University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to present the opinions of teaching staff at Spanish universities regarding the relative importance of a number of quality factors, and perceived levels of development of those factors in the context of their work. Design/methodology/approach: The paper takes an empirical approach, with the opinions of teaching staff being…

Barandiaran-Galdos, Marta; Barrenetxea Ayesta, Miren; Cardona-Rodriguez, Antonio; del Campo, Juan Jose Mijangos; Olaskoaga-Larrauri, Jon

2012-01-01

299

Attribution Error and the Quest for Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social psychologists are persuaded that researchers as well as laymen tend to overestimate the influence of personal traits and underestimate the influence of situations on observed behavior. The author of this article suggests that education researchers and policy makers may be overestimating the role of personal qualities in their quest to…

Kennedy, Mary M.

2010-01-01

300

Need for Equipping Teachers for Quality Higher Education: Exploring How Teachers in Kerala Perceive Quality Practices in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few years, India's higher education sector has witnessed remarkable progress. Though the country has the largest and the second largest higher education system in the world in terms of the number of institutions and enrolment respectively, it still faces challenges on several fronts. Quality of higher education (HE) is a…

Gafoor, Kunnthodi Abdul; Shilna, V.

2013-01-01

301

Quality management and enhancement processes in UK business schools: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to provide insights into the processes that can be and have been adopted by UK business schools as they attempt to meet the Quality Assurance Agency's concern with the standard of quality management and enhancement. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A review of the literature provides interpretations of quality, quality management and quality enhancement. The

Myra Hodgkinson; Mike Kelly

2007-01-01

302

Teachers and Teacher Trainees as Classroom Researchers: Beyond Utopia?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Flanders, action research as a means of enhancing quality in initial teacher training and in teaching practice is not as widespread as in some of the neighbouring countries. In this article the authors argue for trainees and qualified teachers setting up and conducting research in their teaching practice. Rather than perceiving this as an…

Van Looy, Linda; Goegebeur, Werner

2007-01-01

303

A Study of the Quality of Practitioner Research in Secondary Education: Impact on Teacher and School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides insight into the quality of practitioner research and the impact of this on the professional development of the individual teacher and the school as a whole. We examined the quality of practitioner research in relation to the goals of the research. We operationalized the quality of the research in terms of the validities…

Oolbekkink-Marchand, Helma W.; van der Steen, Janneke; Nijveldt, Mirjam

2014-01-01

304

Integrating On-Line Technology into Teaching Activities to Enhance Student and Teacher Learning in a New Zealand Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing emphasis given to computer technology resourcing in schools presents potential for web-based initiatives which focus on quality arts teaching and learning, as ways to improve arts outcomes for all students. An arts e-learning collaborative research project between specialist on-line teacher/researchers and generalist primary teachers

Baskerville, Delia

2012-01-01

305

The Interaction of Principal and Teacher Instructional Influence as a Measure of Leadership as an Organizational Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article presents the design and test of a measure of school leadership as an organizational quality through the interaction of principal and teacher instructional influence. The Organizational Leadership Model hypothesizes four distinct conditions of school leadership, and the analysis investigates the relationship between teacher,…

Jackson, Karen M.; Marriott, Christine

2012-01-01

306

Demonstrating a Situated Learning Approach for In-Service Teacher Education in Rural India: The Quality Education Programme in Rajasthan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent educational policy in India has repositioned elementary school teachers as active, reflective practitioners, not just "deliverers" of syllabus material. This article examines innovations in teacher support in Rajasthan's government schools through the "Quality Education Program." Drawing on qualitative research of collaborative learning…

Saigal, Anju

2012-01-01

307

Getting from Here to There: The Roles of Policy Makers and Principals in Increasing Science Teacher Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we investigate how federal and state policy makers, and school principals are working to improve science teacher quality. Interviews, focused discussions, and policy documents serve as the primary data source. Findings suggest that both policy makers and principals prioritize increasing incentives for teachers entering the science…

Shen, Ji; Gerard, Libby; Bowyer, Jane

2010-01-01

308

From a Caterpillar to a Butterfly: The Growth of a Teacher in Developing Technology-Enhanced Mathematical Investigations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the critical experiences of a middle school mathematics teacher as she progressed from a novice to a knowledgeable creator of technology-enhanced learning activities for her classroom. During an eight week intervention, cognitive apprenticeship strategies (Collins, 1991) were utilized in a partnership with the teacher until…

Glazer, Evan

2004-01-01

309

Inspiring Instructional Change in Elementary School Science: The Relationship between Enhanced Self-Efficacy and Teacher Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined the extent to which teachers' participation in a 3-year professional development program enhanced their self-efficacy and prompted changes in science instruction in the early elementary grades. The study used a mixed-methods design, and included 39 teachers who taught in kindergarten, first grade, or second…

Sandholtz, Judith Haymore; Ringstaff, Cathy

2014-01-01

310

Enhancing the Spaces of Reflection: A Buddy Peer-Review Process within Physical Education Initial Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Innovation in enhancing the reflective abilities of physical education trainee teachers was explored in this study through establishing peer "training buddies" during their school placements. Opportunities for active engagement in peer- and self-reflection were provided to full-time Post-Graduate Secondary Physical Education trainee teachers (n =…

Lamb, Penny; Lane, Kathleen; Aldous, David

2013-01-01

311

Closing the Gap between Attitudes and Perceptions about ICY-Enhanced Learning among Pre-Service STEM Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine pre-service STEM teachers' attitudes and perceptions about the effectiveness of various learning methods and, in specific, the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) as means for enhancing progressive education. The study was conducted among two cohorts of pre-service STEM teachers (N =…

Barak, Miri

2014-01-01

312

Teachers' Reflections on Pedagogies that Enhance Learning in an Online Course on Teaching for Equity and Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated teachers' reflective perspectives on pedagogies that enhance learning in an online course on "Teaching for equity and social justice" in a teacher education program. Data were collected from survey, alternative anonymous course assessment, interview, and document analysis. Participants identified threaded discussions,…

Ukpokodu, Omiunota Nelly

2010-01-01

313

Challenging, Eye-Opening, and Changing U.S. Teacher Training in Korea: Creating Experiences That Will Enhance Global Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study explored the short-term international experience of pre-service teachers to create and enhance global perspectives. These teachers (n = 5), all female graduate students at a university in the U.S., were fully immersed in a foreign culture for three weeks while teaching English to primary and secondary students in Korea. Pre-,…

Oh, Kevin; Nussli, Natalie

2014-01-01

314

How Organizations Can Enhance the Quality of Life of Their Clients and Assess Their Results: The Concept of QOL Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the framework of a dynamic approach to quality of life (QOL) enhancement based on the conceptualization and measurement of individual-referenced quality of life. Sections of the article summarize the premises of QOL enhancement, provide the rationale for a dynamic approach to QOL enhancement, discuss six components of QOL…

Reinders, Hans S.; Schalock, Robert L.

2014-01-01

315

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Enhancing CHBE Indoor Air Quality: Biowall Technology  

E-print Network

the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;Enhancing CHBE Indoor Air Quality: Biowall .............................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Indoor Air Quality..................................................................................................................2 2.2 Improve Air Quality, Health and Wellbeing

316

CESAME: Providing High Quality Professional Development in Science and Mathematics for K-12 Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is appropriate that after almost half a century of Science and Mathematics education reform we take a look back and a peek forward to understand the present state of this wonderfully complex system. Each of the components of this system including teaching, professional development, assessment, content and the district K-12 curriculum all need to work together if we hope to provide quality science, mathematics and technology education for ALL students. How do the state and national standards drive the system? How do state policies on student testing and teacher licensure come into play? How do we improve the preparation, retention and job satisfaction of our K-12 teachers? What initiatives have made or are making a difference? What else needs to be done? What can the physics community do to support local efforts? This job is too big for any single organization or individual but we each can contribute to the effort. Our Center at Northeastern University, with support from the National Science Foundation, has a sharply defined focus: to get high quality, research-based instructional materials into the hands of K-12 classroom teachers and provide the support they need to use the materials effectively in their classrooms.

Hickman, Paul

2002-04-01

317

Student-teacher relationship quality and academic adjustment in upper elementary school: the role of student personality.  

PubMed

This study tested a theoretical model considering students' personality traits as predictors of student-teacher relationship quality (closeness, conflict, and dependency), the effects of student-teacher relationship quality on students' math and reading achievement, and the mediating role of students' motivational beliefs on the association between student-teacher relationship quality and achievement in upper elementary school. Surveys and tests were conducted among a nationally representative Dutch sample of 8545 sixth-grade students and their teachers in 395 schools. Structural equation models were used to test direct and indirect effects. Support was found for a model that identified conscientiousness and agreeableness as predictors of close, nonconflictual relationships, and neuroticism as a predictor of dependent and conflictual relationships. Extraversion was associated with higher levels of closeness and conflict, and autonomy was only associated with lower levels of dependency. Students' motivational beliefs mediated the effects of dependency and student-reported closeness on reading and math achievement. PMID:23870445

Zee, Marjolein; Koomen, Helma M Y; Van der Veen, Ineke

2013-08-01

318

Learning about the Quality of Work That Teachers Expect: Students' Perceptions of Exemplar Marking versus Teacher Explanation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment is an important element of university curricula for both teachers and students. It provides evidence that students have learned what their teachers expected them to learn. There is good evidence that teachers' use of exemplars in a dedicated marking class held before an assessment task helps students understand what is expected of…

Hendry, Graham D.; Jukic, Katherine

2014-01-01

319

Automating Image Enhancement Optimization Using Image Quality Metrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Image enhancement algorithms typically require tuning one or more input parameters to get the best results. Skipping this step or poor choice of values can often result in significant decrease in enhancement level or even degrade the image. This paper demonstrates the utility of image quality metrics in automating this tuning process for Space Situational Awareness imagery of resolved Resident Space Objects. The metrics considered in this study compare an original pristine image to the final displayed image, thus only apply directly to simulated images. However it is shown that a training set can be used to determine the best settings as a function of measureable imaging condition (light level, r0, …) to produce a look-up table that can be used for field collected data.

Gerwe, D.; Luna, C.; Calef, B.

2014-09-01

320

Design and implementation of two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During this summer, I have been part of a four team effort that planned and executed two two-week Teacher Enhancement Institutes (TEI) for 40 K-8 teachers from this area. The TEI was designed to enhance teachers' background in aeronautics and technology so that they would be better equipped to encourage and to train students in the mathematics, science, and technology fields. The teachers were given a stipend and three graduate credits from Christopher Newport University for their participation in this program. The four ASEE fellows worked together to develop objectives and a schedule of activities for each two-week session based on the program outline given in the grants that were funding this effort. We divided the responsibilities in coordinating and implementing each part of the TEI based on the specific strengths and background of each ASEE fellow. My specific responsibilities were: (1) to develop the course syllabus and generally handle all matters involved with the graduate course; (2) coordinate the follow-up sessions; and (3) design and manage half of the technology sessions that we had scheduled (approximately 30% of the TEI was devoted to technology). Because the first two responsibilities were primarily administrative in nature, I will address only the last. The technology sessions were divided into computer-only and other technologies (e.g., television and digital technology including scanning, digital photography and CD-ROM). I had responsibility for the computer-only technology sessions. The emphasis of these sessions was on use of the Internet specifically to locate and use educational resources. To maximize learning, these sessions were hands-on with two teachers at each computer. Each teacher received instruction in, and actually used, the most popular tools available on the Internet: email (they were given temporary accounts at NASA LaRC), anonymous ftp and archie, gopher and veronica, mosaic, and telnet. Teachers participated in hands-on workshops to learn about these programs, but were also given time during the two-week session to explore on their own and to find resources on the Net that specifically met their needs. In order to ensure that Internet access continues after their return to the classroom, aIl teachers who did not have them also applied for Learning Link accounts (from WHRO, the local public television station) and Virginia Pen accounts (from the Department of Education of Virginia), both of which allow textbased access to Internet. In addition to getting exposure to and practice with Internet tools, teachers were aIso given a hands-on seminar (and also given practice time) on ClarisWorks, an integrated word processing, spreadsheet, database, and paint package. The technology sessions (and TEI as a whole) were enthusiastically received by both new and more experienced teachers as extremely helpful in improving their ability to use technology in developing lesson pIans.

Lambert, Lynn

1994-01-01

321

The Rationale for Consuming Cognitive Enhancement Drugs in University Students and Teachers  

PubMed Central

Cognitive enhancement (CE) is the pharmaceutical augmentation of mental abilities (e.g., learning or memory) without medical necessity. This topic has recently attracted widespread attention in scientific and social circles. However, knowledge regarding the mechanisms that underlie the decision to use CE medication is limited. To analyze these decisions, we used data from two online surveys of randomly sampled university teachers (N?=?1,406) and students (N?=?3,486). Each respondent evaluated one randomly selected vignette with regard to a hypothetical CE drug. We experimentally varied the characteristics of the drugs among vignettes and distributed them among respondents. In addition, the respondent’s internalization of social norms with respect to CE drug use was measured. Our results revealed that students were more willing to enhance cognitive performance via drugs than university teachers, although the overall willingness was low. The probability of side effects and their strength reduced the willingness to use CE drugs among students and university teachers, whereas higher likelihoods and magnitudes of CE increased this propensity. In addition, the internalized norm against CE drug use influenced decision making: Higher internalization decreased the willingness to use such medications. Students’ internalized norms more strongly affected CE abstinence compared with those of university teachers. Furthermore, internalized norms negatively interacted with the instrumental incentives for taking CE medication. This internalization limited the influence of and deliberation on instrumental incentives. This study is the first to provide empirical evidence regarding the importance of social norms and their influence on rational decision making with regard to CE. We identified previously undiscovered decision-making patterns concerning CE. Thus, this study provides insight into the motivators and inhibitors of CE drug use. These findings have implications for contending with CE behavior by highlighting the magnitude of potential side effects and by informing the debate regarding the ethics of CE use. PMID:23874778

Sattler, Sebastian; Sauer, Carsten; Mehlkop, Guido; Graeff, Peter

2013-01-01

322

Sustaining High Quality Teaching and Evidence-based Curricula: Follow-up Assessment of Teachers in the REDI Project  

PubMed Central

Recent research has validated the power of evidence-based preschool interventions to improve teaching quality and promote child school readiness when implemented in the context of research trials. However, very rarely are follow-up assessments conducted with teachers in order to evaluate the maintenance of improved teaching quality or sustained use of evidence-based curriculum components after the intervention trial. In the current study, we collected follow-up assessments of teachers one year after their involvement in the REDI research trial to evaluate the extent to which intervention teachers continued to implement the REDI curriculum components with high-quality, and to explore possible pre-intervention predictors of sustained implementation. In addition, we conducted classroom observations to determine whether general improvements in the teaching quality of intervention teachers (relative to control group teachers) were sustained. Results indicated sustained high-quality implementation of some curriculum components (the PATHS curriculum), but decreased implementation of other components (the language-literacy components). Sustained intervention effects were evident on most aspects of general teaching quality targeted by the intervention. Implications for practice and policy are discussed. PMID:24204101

Bierman, Karen L; DeRousie, Rebecca M. Sanford; Heinrichs, Brenda; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Greenberg, Mark T.; Gill, Sukhdeep

2013-01-01

323

Service Quality and Students' Satisfaction with the Professional Teacher Development Programmes by Distance Mode in a South African University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the relationship between seven factors that described dimensions of education service quality and overall service quality on one hand, and students' satisfaction with the professional teacher development programmes by distance mode in a South African University on the other. We sought to find out whether students enrolled…

Oduaran, A. B.

2011-01-01

324

Raising the Bar of Teacher Quality: Accountability, Collaboration, and Social Justice. The Claremont Letter. Volume 1, Issue 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, reform efforts to address poor student achievement have focused on a variety of issues other than teacher quality. Movements such as TQM (Total Quality Management), class size reduction (CSR), school leadership, parental involvement, and multicultural curriculum have not directly addressed the power or influence of the individual…

Ganley, DeLacy Derin; Quintanar, Anita P.; Loop, Lisa S.

2006-01-01

325

Evaluating Field-Based Placements for Preservice Teachers: Measuring the Mentoring Qualities of the Host Teachers, Student Satisfaction with Placement, and Gathering Program Evaluation Data for N.C.A.T.E. Reaccreditation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study collected feedback from the preservice teacher participants in a field-based teacher education program at Georgia College and State University. Respondents answered questions about the qualities of their host teachers and the environments of their host schools in the local community. In the 1999-200 school year, the ongoing study…

Smoot, Sharene L.

326

Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience, professional qualification and teacher academic qualification). It also sought to determine the extent to which each of these four selected variables individually and jointly affected the teachers' report of their instructional assessment practices. A sample of 55 science teachers from nine secondary schools in Barbados was randomly selected to participate in this study. Data was collected by means of a survey and was analyzed using the means and standard deviations of the instructional assessment practices scores and linear, multiple and binary logistic regression. The results of the study were such that the majority of the sample reported good overall instructional assessment practices while only a few participants reported moderate assessment practices. The instructional assessment practices in the area of student knowledge were mostly moderate as indicated by the sample. There were no statistically significant differences between or among the mean scores of the teachers' reported instructional assessment practices based on sex ( t = 0.10; df = 53; p = 0.992), teaching experience ( F[4,50] = 1.766; p = 0.150), the level of professional qualification (F[3,45] = 0.2117; p = 0.111) or the level of academic qualification (F[2,52] = 0.504; p = 0.607). The independent variables (teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification or teacher academic qualification) were not significant predictors of the instructional assessment practices scores. However, teacher sex was a significant predictor of the teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices. The study also found that the joint effect of the variables teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification and teacher academic qualification was not significant in predicting the instructional assessment practices scores of the science teachers. However, the joint effect of these variables was statistically significant ( X 2 = 18.482; df = 10; p = 0.047) in predicting the teachers' reported use of good instructional assessment practices. The best predictor of teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices, though not statistically significant, was the diploma in education professional qualification.

Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

2013-02-01

327

Enhancing Tomo-PIV reconstruction quality by reducing ghost particles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A technique to enhance the reconstruction quality and consequently the accuracy of the velocity vector field obtained in Tomo-PIV experiments is presented here. The methodology involves detecting and eliminating spurious outliers in the reconstructed intensity field (ghost particles). A simulacrum matching-based reconstruction enhancement (SMRE) technique is proposed, which utilizes the characteristic shape and size of actual particles to remove ghost particles in the reconstructed intensity field. An assessment of SMRE is performed by a quantitative comparison of Tomo-PIV simulation results and DNS data, together with a comparison to Tomo-PIV experimental data measured in a turbulent channel flow at a matched Reynolds number (Re? = 937) to the DNS study. For the simulation data, a comparative study is performed on the reconstruction quality based on an ideal reconstruction determined from known particle positions. The results suggest that a significant improvement in the reconstruction quality and flow statistics is achievable at typical seeding densities used in Tomo-PIV experiments. This improvement is further amplified at higher seeding densities, enabling the use of up to twice the typical seeding densities currently used in Tomo-PIV experiments. A reduction of spurious vectors present in the velocity field is also observed based on a median outlier detection criterion. The application of SMRE to Tomo-PIV experimental data shows an improvement in flow statistics, comparable to the improvement seen in simulations. Finally, due to the non-iterative nature of SMRE, the increase in processing time is marginal since only a single pass of the reconstruction algorithm is required.

de Silva, C. M.; Baidya, R.; Marusic, I.

2013-02-01

328

Closing the Teacher Quality Gap in Philadelphia: New Hope and Old Hurdles. The Third Study of Teacher Quality in Philadelphia. A Report from "Learning from Philadelphia's School Reform"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of teacher staffing issues in the School District of Philadelphia explores the degree to which the district has succeeded in upgrading teachers' professional credentials, recruiting and retaining them, and equitably distributing experienced and credentialed teachers across all types of schools. Since the passage of "No Child Left…

Useem, Elizabeth; Offenberg, Robert; Farley, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

329

Enhancing Early Child Care Quality and Learning for Toddlers at Risk: The Responsive Early Childhood Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite reports of positive effects of high-quality child care, few experimental studies have examined the process of improving low-quality center-based care for toddler-age children. In this article, we report intervention effects on child care teachers' behaviors and children's social, social-emotional classroom activities (RECC).…

Landry, Susan H.; Zucker, Tricia A.; Taylor, Heather B.; Swank, Paul R.; Williams, Jeffrey M.; Assel, Michael; Crawford, April; Huang, Weihua; Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Phillips, Beth M.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L.; de Viliers, Jill; de Viliers, Peter; Barnes, Marcia; Starkey, Prentice; Klein, Alice

2014-01-01

330

Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Annual Report  

E-print Network

Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life 2002 Annual Report Southwest theme Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life requires energized people Prosperity and the Quality of Life, SWUTC researchers were active on 28 projects including: develop- ing

331

Increasing self-efficacy and quality lesson planning using Lesson-Study with elementary preservice teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This qualitative, quasi-experimental study examined if lesson-study could be a successful approach in improving lesson plan quality and increasing self-efficacy levels toward teaching science at the preservice elementary teacher level in North Mississippi. Lesson-Study can be defined as a cycle of instructional improvement in which small groups work together to design and teach a lesson, revising again as needed over the course of a semester. This study described the experiences of two sections of preservice teachers enrolled in a science methods course as they engaged in lesson-study at a comprehensive university in Northeast Mississippi. One section of the class served as the control group while the other section, as the treatment group, received lesson-study over the course of the semester. Data was gathered in the form of interviews, observations, and a self-efficacy survey (STEBI-B). Lesson plans were also graded using a rubric to determine quality level. Findings indicated that, while not statistically significant, the treatment groups scores on the self-efficacy instrument increased more on average than the control groups' scores. There were also positive comments about the lesson study process from the teacher candidates in the treatment group as well as positive behaviors recorded by the researcher. Additionally, according to the external evaluators who graded the final drafts of the lessons, the treatment group had greater gains than the control class on average. These conclusions suggested the lesson study process implemented during the preservice teaching level can be beneficial.

Mitchell, Elizabeth Ann

332

Shaping the Profession That Shapes the Future. Speeches from the AFT/NEA Conference on Teacher Quality (Washington, D.C., September 25-27, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents papers given at a 1998 joint meeting of the American Federation of Teachers and National Education Association which focused on teacher quality. One common thread of this conference was criticism of the growing practice of granting emergency certification to unprepared or underprepared teachers. The papers address how to…

American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC.

333

Assessment of Preservice Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) Students' Self-Regulation: Implications for Teacher Foundational Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative dissertation was to examine factors determining self-regulation of pre-service physical education teacher education (PETE) students. There is a gap in the literature on self-regulatory capabilities of pre-service teachers and how they self-regulate their learning. Self-regulation theory, the foundation of this…

Olson, Terry D.

2009-01-01

334

A Phenomenological Research Study of the Experience of Teachers in the Virgin Islands Teacher Enhancement in Mathematics and Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of conducting this study was to describe the experience of elementary teachers in a mathematics and science staff development project in the U.S. Virgin Islands. The focus of this study was to describe the meaning teachers attribute to their experience in this three year project, in which many of the national mathematics and science…

Thurland, Karen C.

2012-01-01

335

Enhancing Teachers' ICT Capacity for the 21st Century Learning Environment: Three Cases of Teacher Education in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Korean teachers are generally considered well trained to integrate ICT into their teaching since the inception of the first IT Master Plan of Korea in 1996. However, the emergence and adoption of cutting-edge technologies create demands for evolving roles and competencies of teachers in the new knowledge society. Given this changing landscape of…

Kim, Hyeonjin; Choi, Hyungshin; Han, Jeonghye; So, Hyo-Jeong

2012-01-01

336

Teacher Compensation and Teacher Quality. A Statement by the Policy and Impact Committee of the Committee for Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This CED report examines teacher pay and other compensation issues. Schools must be able to compete effectively for college-educated workers who have more career choices and see themselves as more mobile professionally than did earlier generations. Traditional compensation policies for teachers (salary schedules that reward only longevity and…

Committee for Economic Development, 2009

2009-01-01

337

Online naphazoline quality control by micellar-enhanced spectrofluorimetry.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to develop a method for online spectrofluorimetric quality control of naphazoline (NPZ) in pharmaceuticals and raw drugs. A combination of a flow-injection analysis (FIA) system with micellar-enhanced fluorescence detection is presented as a powerful alternative for the rapid and sensitive analysis of naphazoline. Since NPZ shows low native fluorescence, the use of an anionic surfactant, such as sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), provides a considerable enhancement of fluorescence intensity and the nature of the technique allows a possible and easy adaptation to a FIA system. Using ?(exc) = 280 nm and ?(em) = 326 nm, a good linear relationship (LOL) was obtained in the range 0.003-10 µg mL(-1) with a detection limit (LOD) of 3 × 10(-4) µg mL(-1) (s/n = 3). Parameters related to the nature of the analytical signal and to the FIA manifold were optimized. Satisfactory recoveries were obtained in the analysis of commercial pharmaceutical formulations. The proposed method is simple, accurate and allows for high-speed sampling and considerably shorter analysis times. In addition, it requires inexpensive equipment and reagents and has easy operational conditions and no side effects, thus avoiding environmental pollution through toxic waste. PMID:21538792

Peralta, Cecilia Mariana; Silva, Raúl Alejandro; Fernández, Liliana Patricia; Masi, Adriana Noemí

2011-01-01

338

Teacher development: a patchwork-text approach to enhancing critical reflection in veterinary and para-veterinary educators.  

PubMed

Reflection is an essential component of teacher-development programs, and reliable, valid methods to teach, assess, and evaluate reflection are critical. However, it is important that appropriate methods are created for and evaluated across multiple disciplinary backgrounds, as the participants' backgrounds are a major factor in the development of critical reflection. The patchwork-text approach is a narrative process that is predominantly focused on the personal development of the individual. The current study used the patchwork-text approach for the development of reflection in participants with a science background who had not used a reflective approach for personal development before. Twenty summative essays and 103 formative essays from 21 participants who underwent a 1-year higher-education teacher-development program were analyzed to assess whether the quality and quantity of reflective writing was enhanced through a regular, iterative process of reflective writing with feedback. The analysis of the essays involved the use of a predefined set of criteria for identifying the different reflective levels from 1 to 4 and the calculation of a reflective score to evaluate the overall development. The results show a clear improvement of higher-level critical thinking as the participants progressed through their course. Higher levels of reflection were achieved particularly where a unit focused on a familiar area for the participant as opposed to one in which the participant had less experience. The analysis provides evidence that the patchwork text is a useful method for development and evaluation of reflection in participants with a veterinary/animal-science base. PMID:24589866

Silva-Fletcher, Ayona; May, Hilary; Magnier, Kirsty M; May, Stephen A

2014-01-01

339

Southwest Region University Transportation Center Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life  

E-print Network

and the Quality of Life Annual ReportAnnual ReportAnnual ReportAnnual Report #12;Credits Editor: Barbara Lorenz Report 2004 Transportation Solutions to Enhance Prosperity and the Quality of Life Consortium Members

340

Education Level and Stability as It Relates to Early Childhood Classroom Quality: A Survey of Early Childhood Program Directors and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of early care and education is continually seeking to determine factors that contribute to the overall quality of the education for young children. Individual characteristics of teachers, including education level, have been associated with classroom quality. Program demographics, including turnover rate for teachers, also have had…

Mims, Sharon U.; Scott-Little, Catherine; Lower, Joanna K.; Cassidy, Deborah J.; Hestenes, Linda L.

2008-01-01

341

The Influence of Vocal Qualities and Confirmation of Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers on Student Receiver Apprehension, Affective Learning, and Cognitive Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of teacher vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors on student learning. Students (N = 197) enrolled in nonnative English-speaking teachers' classes completed a battery of instruments. Results indicated that both vocal qualities and confirmation behaviors were negatively related to receiver apprehension,…

Hsu, Chia-Fang

2012-01-01

342

"I'm Prepared for Anything Now": Student Teacher and Cooperating Teacher Interaction as a Critical Factor in Determining the Preparation of "Quality" Elementary Reading Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is an examination of the interactions between 19 pairs of student teachers and cooperating teachers engaged in guided reading instruction in Grades 1 through 3. As the basis for the study, the authors analyzed interaction patterns through conducting content analysis (Van Sluys, Lewison, & Seely Flint, 2006) and discourse analysis…

Lesley, Mellinee K.; Hamman, Doug; Olivarez, Arturo; Button, Kathryn; Griffith, Robin

2009-01-01

343

Enhancing the Development of Pre-Service Teacher Professional Identity via an Online Classroom Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a professional identity plays an important part in pre-service teacher education. However, very little is explicitly taught about how one can develop a teacher professional identity via pre-service teacher education (Allen, 2005:1). Rather, as a pre service teacher progresses through their degree, they are expected to develop…

Carrington, Lisa; Kervin, Lisa; Ferry, Brian

2011-01-01

344

Enhancing Students' Engagement: Report of a 3-Year Intervention with Middle School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All teachers (N = 32) at one middle school participated in a university-led intervention to improve student engagement. Teachers discussed four principles of motivation and related instructional strategies. Teachers enacted instructional strategies in their classrooms. We observed six randomly selected teachers and their students over 3 years.…

Turner, Julianne C.; Christensen, Andrea; Kackar-Cam, Hayal Z.; Trucano, Meg; Fulmer, Sara M.

2014-01-01

345

Quality of Internet Use by Teachers in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study took place in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to examine teachers' use of the Internet, identify obstacles teachers face in using the Internet, and identify parties that support them to use the Internet in their classrooms. Data were collected from 443 elementary and secondary teachers throughout the country using the Teacher Internet…

Alghazo, Iman M.

2006-01-01

346

Prioritizing Teaching Quality in a New System of Teacher Evaluation. Education Outlook. No. 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are the most important school-level factor in student success--but as any parent knows, all teachers are not created equal. Reforms to the current quite cursory teacher evaluation system, if done well, have the potential to remove the worst-performing teachers and, even more important, to assist the majority in improving their craft.…

Hill, Heather; Herlihy, Corinne

2011-01-01

347

Navigating the Turbulent Seas of Education Reform for English Language Learners: How Leadership Affects Teacher Quality and Educational Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this case study was to provide insight into the challenges educational leaders face in their efforts to improve teaching and learning for English language learners within a context of increased testing and accountability. I examine the assumptions underpinning leadership practices to understand how teacher quality and student…

da Silva, Catarina Alexandra

2010-01-01

348

The Quality of Local District Assessments Used in Nebraska's School-Based Teacher-Led Assessment and Reporting System (STARS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 293 local district assessments used in the Nebraska STARS (School-based Teacher-led Assessment and Reporting System), 147 from 2004 district mathematics assessment portfolios and 146 from 2003 reading assessment portfolios, was scored with a rubric evaluating their quality. Scorers were Nebraska educators with background and training…

Brookhart, Susan M.

2005-01-01

349

Elementary Teachers' Learning to Construct High-Quality Mathematics Lesson Plans: A Use of the IES Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored a group of elementary teachers' ("n" = 35) learning to construct high-quality lesson plans that foster student understanding of fundamental mathematical ideas. The conceptual framework for this study was gleaned from the recently released Institute of Education Sciences (IES) recommendations, including (a)…

Ding, Meixia; Carlson, Mary Alice

2013-01-01

350

Linking School and Community To Build National Recruitment and Preparation Programs for Teachers of Color: Emerging Leadership Qualities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the emerging leadership qualities needed to establish and administer programs to recruit and prepare teachers of color. The discussion is derived from experience with the Pathways to Teaching Careers initiative funded by the DeWitt Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund. The importance of linking efforts by educational leaders is stressed. (SLD)

Hudson, Mildred J.

1998-01-01

351

Relations of Children's Effortful Control and Teacher-Child Relationship Quality to School Attitudes in a Low-Income Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of children's effortful control and quality of relationships with teachers to school attitudes longitudinally in an ethnically diverse and economically disadvantaged sample. Data were collected as part of a larger intervention project during mid-fall, winter, and late spring…

Silva, Kassondra M.; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Sulik, Michael J.; Valiente, Carlos; Huerta, Snjezana; Edwards, Alison; Eggum, Natalie D.; Kupfer, Anne S.; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Phillips, Beth M.; Wilson, Shauna B.; Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine; Landry, Susan H.; Swank, Paul R.; Assel, Michael A.; Taylor, Heather B.

2011-01-01

352

An Integrative View of School Functioning: Transactions between Self-Regulation, School Engagement, and Teacher-Child Relationship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the dynamic interplay between teacher-child relationship quality and children's behaviors across kindergarten and first grade to predict academic competence in first grade. Using a sample of 338 ethnically diverse 5-year-old children, nested path analytic models were conducted to examine bidirectional pathways between…

Portilla, Ximena A.; Ballard, Parissa J.; Adler, Nancy E.; Boyce, W. Thomas; Obradovic, Jelena

2014-01-01

353

Principals' Responses to the Teacher Quality Provision of the No Child Left behind Act of 2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the passage of the No Child Left Behind legislation in 2002, principals have been held accountable for fulfilling a segment of it known as the Teacher Quality provision. This study examines how principals with varying levels of capacity to address the problem were either successful or unsuccessful in meeting the mandate using a wide variety…

Flynn, Michael Lawrence

2012-01-01

354

Thermosonication as a potential quality enhancement technique of apple juice.  

PubMed

Enzymatic browning and microbial growth lead to quality losses in apple products. In the present study, fresh apple juice was thermosonicated using ultrasound in-bath (25 kHz, 30 min, 0.06 W cm(-3)) and ultrasound with-probe sonicator (20 kHz, 5 and 10 min, 0.30 W cm(-3)) at 20, 40 and 60°C for inactivation of enzymes (polyphenolase, peroxidase and pectinmethylesterase) and microflora (total plate count, yeast and mold). Additionally, ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids, flavonols, pH, titratable acidity, (°)Brix and color values influenced by thermosonication were investigated. The highest inactivation of enzymes was obtained in ultrasound with-probe at 60°C for 10 min, and the microbial population was completely inactivated at 60°C. The retention of ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids and flavonols were significantly higher in ultrasound with-probe than ultrasound in-bath at 60°C. These results indicated the usefulness of thermosonication for apple juice processing at low temperature, for enhanced inactivation of enzymes and microorganisms. PMID:24373787

Abid, Muhammad; Jabbar, Saqib; Hu, Bing; Hashim, Malik Muhammad; Wu, Tao; Lei, Shicheng; Khan, Muhammad Ammar; Zeng, Xiaoxiong

2014-05-01

355

Mathematics in the Middle: Enhancing Teachers' Understanding of the Interplay Between "School Math" and Professional Uses of Mathematics  

E-print Network

Mathematics in the Middle: Enhancing Teachers' Understanding of the Interplay Between "School Math" and Professional Uses of Mathematics Barbara Garii, Assistant Professor of Curriculum and Instruction (garii-Oswego Abstract As American society becomes more technologically reliant, applications of mathematics are less

Spagnolo, Filippo

356

Using Theoretical Models to Examine the Acceptance Behavior of Mobile Phone Messaging to Enhance Parent-Teacher Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student academic performance and social competence are influenced positively by parent involvement; effective parent-teacher communication not builds parent reliance on a school, it enhances parent knowledge of raising children. As information technology develops rapidly, it is already a trend that e-communication is replacing traditional paper…

Ho, Li-Hsing; Hung, Chang-Liang; Chen, Hui-Chun

2013-01-01

357

Enhancing Eighth Grade Students' Learning of Buoyancy: The Interaction of Teachers' Instructional Approach and Students' Learning Preference Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the potential of enhancing students' learning of difficult science concepts by exploring the interaction between teachers' four different instructional approaches and students' four different learning preference styles. Students' immediate performance and their retention for learning of buoyancy concepts serve to examine…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2005-01-01

358

Evaluating Quality in Computer-Enhanced Learning Materials in Engineering Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-enhanced learning materials can enhance the engineering learning environment in a number of different ways. However, faculty members are generally hesitant to use materials that have not undergone a proper review process to evaluate the quality of the materials. The purpose of this paper is to discuss a set of quality criteria and methods useful in determining the utility of

Joseph G. Tront

359

Summary of strategies for planning Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Summary of NASA Strategies for Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement respond to NASA's eighth top goal: Establish NASA as a leader in the development and application of advanced technology and management practices which contribute to significant increases in both Agency and national productivity. The Strategies provide the framework for development of the agency-wide Productivity Improvement and Quality Enhancement (PIQE) Plans.

1986-01-01

360

Inspiring Instructional Change in Elementary School Science: The Relationship Between Enhanced Self-efficacy and Teacher Practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This longitudinal study examined the extent to which teachers' participation in a 3-year professional development program enhanced their self-efficacy and prompted changes in science instruction in the early elementary grades. The study used a mixed-methods design, and included 39 teachers who taught in kindergarten, first grade, or second grade classrooms in rural school districts. Data sources, administered pre-program and at the end of each year, included a self-efficacy assessment and teacher survey. Interviews and classroom observations provided corroborating data about teachers' beliefs and science instruction. Results showed significant increases in teachers' overall self-efficacy in teaching science, personal efficacy, and outcome expectancy efficacy during the 3 years. Gains in self-efficacy were correlated with changes in reported instructional practices, particularly student participation activities. However, changes in self-efficacy tended not to be correlated with changes in instructional time. Contextual factors beyond teachers' direct control, such as curricular and testing requirements in mathematics and language arts influenced time allotted to science instruction.

Sandholtz, Judith Haymore; Ringstaff, Cathy

2014-10-01

361

Gettering and passivation techniques for quality enhancement of multicrystalline silicon  

SciTech Connect

A detailed investigation of quality enhancement techniques, such as PECVD SiO[sub 2]/SiN and forming gas anneal (FGA) for defect passivation, and Al and P diffusion for defect and impurity gettering, was conducted on promising PV multicrystalline Si materials. In selected cases FZ single crystal Si was used as baseline. It was found that PECVD SiO[sub 2] followed by photo-assisted anneal can result in extremely low surface recombination velocity ([lt]2 cm/s) on 500 [Omega]-cm FZ wafers, and very low interface state density (1--5[times]10[sup 10] eV[sup [minus]1] cm[sup [minus]2]) on 10 [Omega]-cm FZ wafers. The PECVD SiO[sub 2]/SiN coating increases the effective lifetime by a factor of 2 to 10, and decrease the surface recombination by a factor of 5--22, depending upon the multicrystalline material. Al treatment was found to getter process-induced as well as grown-in defects and impurities by providing a sink near the Al/Si interface. This is in addition to the BSF and light trapping effect of Al treatment. Presence of high stress or dislocation density in the material was found to enhance the gettering efficiency of the Al process. A 930 [degree]C phosphorus diffusion followed by an etch back was found to be optimum for emitter formation in multicrystalline Si cells, which resulted in high bulk lifetime without significant penalty from the heavy doping effects. PECVD SiO/SiN passivation of cast material increased bulk lifetime in the solar cell from 10 [mu]s to 20 [mu]s, and decreased the front surface recombination velocity from 2[times]10[sup 5] cm/s to 5[times]10[sup 4] cm/s. Finally, FGA in conjunction with Al treatment improved EFG Si cells efficiency by 5.3%, with 2.6% improvement resulting from the FGA alone, 1.5% from Al gettering alone, and 1.2% from Al diffusion and FGA interaction.

Rohatgi, A.; Chen, Z.; Sana, P.; Evers, N.; Ramanachalam, R.; Doolittle, A. (School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States))

1994-06-30

362

DRINKING WATER MICROBIOLOGY - NEW DIRECTIONS TOWARD WATER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

Many concerns result from information on new waterborne agents, treatment problems of raw water qualities, biofilm development in some distribution systems, and special quality needs unique to hospitals and industries. Protozoan cyst penetration after some disinfection practices ...

363

Children’s Attendance Rates and Quality of Teacher-Child Interactions in At-Risk Preschool Classrooms: Contribution to Children’s Expressive Language Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research examines whether children’s daily attendance rates would be predictive of gains in expressive language\\u000a within the context of high-quality preschool classrooms. The quality of preschool classrooms was assessed by measuring the\\u000a quality of the teacher’s interactions with the children in his or her classroom. Hierarchical linear models, nesting children\\u000a within classroom, were used to examine children’s growth

Jessica A. R. Logan; Shayne B. Piasta; Laura M. Justice; Christopher Schatschneider; Stephen Petrill

364

Quality Management and Enhancement Processes in UK Business Schools: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of this paper is to provide insights into the processes that can be and have been adopted by UK business schools as they attempt to meet the Quality Assurance Agency's concern with the standard of quality management and enhancement. Design/methodology/approach: A review of the literature provides interpretations of quality,…

Hodgkinson, Myra; Kelly, Mike

2007-01-01

365

ENHANCEMENT OF SERVICE QUALITY IN INTERNET-MARKETING THROUGH APPLICATION OF THE SIX SIGMA PROCESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thomas' (2003) Six Sigma DMAIC (define, measure, analyze, improve and control) quality control system was used to establish a system to enhance consumer satisfaction with the service quality of products marketed on the Internet. This study included five steps. First, we defined importance and satisfaction in service quality. Second, we measured customer acceptability using a survey (containing dimensions of importance

Tai-Chang Hsia; Shui-Chuan Chen; Kun-Sheng Chen

2009-01-01

366

The Role of Teacher Quality in Retention and Hiring: Using Applications to Transfer to Uncover Preferences of Teachers and Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many large urban school districts are rethinking their personnel management strategies, often giving increased control to schools in the hiring of teachers, reducing, for example, the importance of seniority. If school hiring authorities are able to make good decisions about whom to hire, these reforms have the potential to benefit schools and…

Boyd, Don; Lankford, Hamp; Loeb, Susanna; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Wyckoff, Jim

2011-01-01

367

Alfacalcidol enhances collagen quality in ovariectomized rat bones  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of alfacalcidol (1?(OH)D3: ALF) on bone collagen employing an ovariectomized rat model. Thirty-five 16-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: SHAM (sham-operated?+?vehicle), OVX (ovariectomy?+?vehicle), and three ALF-treated groups, that is, ovariectomy?+?0.022?µg/kg/day ALF, ovariectomy?+?0.067?µg/kg/day ALF, and ovariectomy?+?0.2?µg/kg/day ALF. After 12 weeks of treatment, tibiae were subjected to histological, biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses. Collagen matrices in OVX bone appeared as immature and poorly organized; however, with the ALF treatment, it was improved in a dose-dependent manner. Contents of collagen and pyridinoline cross-link were decreased in OVX compared with SHAM, but they increased to the level comparable to SHAM in ALF-treated groups. The total aldehyde, that is, a sum of free and those involved cross-links, in the highest dose of ALF was significantly higher than the rest of the groups (p?enhances the maturation of collagen in ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic bones, which likely contributes to the improvement of bone quality. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 32:1030–1036, 2014. PMID:24809324

Nagaoka, Hideaki; Terajima, Masahiko; Yamada, Shizuka; Azuma, Yoshiaki; Chida, Takayuki; Yamauchi, Mitsuo

2014-01-01

368

Coaching to Enhance Quality of Implementation in Prevention  

PubMed Central

Purpose This study describes topics covered by coaches assisting teachers implementing a research-based drug prevention program and explores how coaching affected student outcomes. Design The All Stars drug prevention curriculum was implemented by 16 urban teachers who received four coaching sessions. Two coaches participated. Coaches were interviewed by investigators to assess topics covered. Students completed pretest-posttest measures of mediators and substance use behaviors. Findings The average teacher was coached on 11.7 different topics, out of a total of 23 topics. Coaching topics most heavily emphasized included: introduction and wrap up; time management; general classroom management; teacher's movement around the class; asking open-ended questions; using students' questions, comments and examples to make desired points; general preparation; engaging high-risk youth; reading from the curriculum; implementing activities correctly; focusing on objectives and goals; maintaining a focus on the task; and improving depth of understanding. Seven coaching topics were found to relate to changes in student mediators and behavior. Research Limitations/Implications The current study was exploratory. Future research should explore how teachers develop the particular skills required by prevention programs and how coaches can assist them. Practical Implications We postulate five levels of skill development which coaches may address: (1) fundamental teaching skills, (2) mechanics of program delivery, (3) development of an interactive teaching style, (4) effective response to student input, and (5) effective tailoring and adaptation. Originality/Value This represents one of a very few studies that explores how coaching impacts outcomes in substance abuse prevention. PMID:22022672

Dusenbury, Linda; Hansen, William B.; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Pittman, Donna; Wilson, Cicely; Simley, Kathleen; Ringwalt, Christopher; Pankratz, Melinda; Giles, Steven

2010-01-01

369

An effective quality evaluation protocol for speech enhancement algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much progress has been made in speech enhancement algorithmformulation in recent years. However, while researchersin the speech coding and recognition communitieshave standard criteria for algorithm performance comparison,similar standards do not exist for researchers inspeech enhancement. This paper discusses the necessaryingredients for an effective speech enhancement evaluation.We propose that researchers use the evaluation core testset of TIMIT (192 sentences), with a

John H. L. Hansen; Bryan L. Pellom

1998-01-01

370

Action Research: Teacher Practices that Enhance Belonging of Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this action research study was to support the members of a fourth grade inclusion team, namely three fourth grade teachers and a teacher assistant in (1) developing a deeper understanding of student belongingness, (2) identifying teacher practices that contribute to a student's sense of belongingness, and (3) developing and…

Nichols, Christine Schroder

2009-01-01

371

Using Virtual Technology to Enhance Field Experiences for Pre-Service Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher educators of pre-service teachers of students with special needs face challenges in providing the unique knowledge and skills required of highly qualified special education teachers. The emerging use of various forms of virtual technology, however, offers realistic solutions to these problems. This systematic review of literature examines…

Billingsley, Glenna M.; Scheuermann, Brenda K.

2014-01-01

372

Initiating Opportunities to Enhance Preservice Teachers' Pedagogical Knowledge: Perceptions about Mentoring At-Risk Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing preservice teachers in urban settings with authentic educational experiences may be an effective approach in preparing them to teach diverse students. Therefore, this investigation examined preservice teachers' perceptions of mentoring at-risk high school students. Data analysis reflected preservice teachers' positive experiences and…

Garza, Ruben

2012-01-01

373

Teacher Teams: Exploring Job Characteristics and Work-Related Outcomes of Work Group Enhancement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how teacher teams influence middle-school teachers' work characteristics and other work-related variables. Participating teachers whose jobs had a work-group emphasis (interdisciplinary teaming) reported significantly higher skill variety, knowledge of students, satisfaction, professional commitment, motivation, and team helpfulness and…

Pounder, Diana G.

1999-01-01

374

Information Literacy Follow-Through: Enhancing Preservice Teachers’ Information Evaluation Skills Through Formative Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation into preservice teachers’ information evaluation skills at a large university suggests that formative assessment can improve student achievement. Preservice teachers were asked to apply information evaluation skills in the areas of currency, relevancy, authority, accuracy, and purpose. The study used quantitative methods to assess preservice teachers’ evaluation skills as demonstrated within the context of a final project, or

Sara Robertson Seely; Sara Winstead Fry; Margie Ruppel

2011-01-01

375

Using Online Scaffolds to Enhance Preservice Teachers' Reflective Journal Writing: A Qualitative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journal writing has the potential to develop preservice teachers' reflective thinking habits and skills. Recently, the growth of computer technology renders it possible for preservice teachers to write journals online. The Professional Accountability Support System (PASS- PORT), for example, allows preservice teachers to write journals about their professional and academic experiences. However, PASS-PORT currently does not have any embedded scaffolds

Guolin Lai; Brendan Calandra

2007-01-01

376

Using Collaborative Technology to Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Supporting pre-service teacher (PT) collaboration as a means of professional learning is a challenging but essential task for effective practice. However, teacher placements or practicums in schools, which is common practice within teacher education programmes, can often isolate PTs from sharing their experiences with each other.…

Donnelly, Dermot Francis; Hume, Anne

2015-01-01

377

Closing the Teacher Quality Gap in Philadelphia: New Hope and Old Hurdles. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of teacher staffing issues in the School District of Philadelphia, the third in a series, outlines the degree to which the district has succeeded in upgrading teachers' professional credentials, recruiting and retaining them, and equitably distributing experienced and credentialed teachers across all types of schools. Since the passage…

Useem, Elizabeth; Offenberg, Robert; Farley, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

378

Using Performance-Based Pay to Improve the Quality of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tying teachers' pay to their classroom performance should, says Victor Lavy, improve the current educational system both by clarifying teaching goals and by attracting and retaining the most productive teachers. But implementing pay for performance poses many practical challenges, because measuring individual teachers' performance is difficult.…

Lavy, Victor

2007-01-01

379

Seniority Provisions in Collective Bargaining Agreements and the "Teacher Quality Gap"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For at least two decades, studies have demonstrated that the least experienced and credentialed teachers are concentrated in poor, minority, and low-performing schools. Some blame provisions in collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) between teachers unions and school districts that favor senior teachers. Seniority preference rules, they say,…

Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Feng, Li; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

2013-01-01

380

Effective Schools: Managing the Recruitment, Development, and Retention of High-Quality Teachers. Working Paper 37  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are systematically sorted across schools. Often, schools serving the lowest-achieving students are staffed by the least-skilled teachers. While teachers' school preferences account for some of the sorting, school practices are also likely to be a key factor. Using value-added methods, the authors examine the relationship between a…

Beteille, Tara; Kalogrides, Demetra; Loeb, Susanna

2009-01-01

381

Quality-factor enhancement of supermodes in coupled microdisks.  

PubMed

We investigate the optical modes in a coupled pair of semiconductor microdisks in symmetric and asymmetric configurations both experimentally and theoretically. While the quality factors of coupled first- and second-order whispering gallery modes (WGMs) show a conventional crossing, the quality factors of the same-order WGMs reveal an interesting splitting behavior, leading to the formation of high- and low-quality supermodes. Our results are reproduced by numerical simulations, and an explanation based on optical interference is suggested. Quality-factor splitting is a subtle phenomenon that might help to design microarchitectures for efficient optical coupling in cavity quantum electrodynamic experiments. PMID:21499342

Benyoucef, M; Shim, J-B; Wiersig, J; Schmidt, O G

2011-04-15

382

The Empty Nest Syndrome: Ways to Enhance Quality of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empty nest syndrome occurs as a result of urbanization and loosened relationships among family members. It may threaten the life quality of older adults and stability of society as a whole. This survey was designed to investigate the situation and factors that influence the life quality of a sample of older adults in a western state. Thirty-five…

Chen, Dianbing; Yang, Xinxiao; Aagard, Steve Dale

2012-01-01

383

Placements: An Underused Vehicle for Quality Enhancement in Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Placements have the potential to contribute more effectively to the quality of higher education. The aim of this article is to discuss how placements can be made more worthwhile for individual students, while also contributing to the overall quality of teaching and learning at HEIs as well as to the development of workplace cultures that are…

Kettis, Asa; Ring, Lena; Gustavsson, Maria; Wallman, Andy

2013-01-01

384

Concentrated biogas slurry enhanced soil fertility and tomato quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biogas slurry is a cheap source of plant nutrients and can offer extra benefits to soil fertility and fruit quality. However, its current utilization mode and low content of active ingredients limit its further development. In this paper, a one-growing-season field study was conducted to assess the effects of concentrated biogas slurry on soil property, tomato fruit quality, and composition

Fang-Bo Yu; Xi-Ping Luo; Cheng-Fang Song; Miao-Xian Zhang; Sheng-Dao Shan

2010-01-01

385

Experimental impacts of a teacher professional development program in Chile on preschool classroom quality and child outcomes.  

PubMed

We assessed impacts on classroom quality and on 5 child language and behavioral outcomes of a 2-year teacher professional-development program for publicly funded prekindergarten and kindergarten in Chile. This cluster-randomized trial included 64 schools (child N = 1,876). The program incorporated workshops and in-classroom coaching. We found moderate to large positive impacts on observed emotional and instructional support as well as classroom organization in prekindergarten classrooms after 1 year of the program. After 2 years of the program, moderate positive impacts were observed on emotional support and classroom organization. No significant program impacts on child outcomes were detected at posttest (1 marginal effect, an increase in a composite of self-regulation and low problem behaviors, was observed). Professional development for preschool teachers in Chile can improve classroom quality. More intensive curricular approaches are needed for these improvements to translate into effects on children. PMID:25706589

Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Leyva, Diana; Snow, Catherine E; Trevińo, Ernesto; Barata, M Clara; Weiland, Christina; Gomez, Celia J; Moreno, Lorenzo; Rolla, Andrea; D'Sa, Nikhit; Arbour, Mary Catherine

2015-03-01

386

Children with Communication Impairments: Caregivers' and Teachers' Shared Book-Reading Quality and Children's Level of Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed two aims: First, to examine the quality of adult shared book-reading behaviors for teachers and caregivers of children with communication impairments (CI) and, second, to compare the level of child literacy engagement during the teacher-led (group) and caregiver-led (one-on-one) shared book-reading sessions. Sixteen children…

Kaderavek, Joan N.; Pentimonti, Jill M.; Justice, Laura M.

2014-01-01

387

The Production of Australian Professional Development Policy Texts as a Site of Contest: The Case of the Federal Quality Teacher Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reveals how the provision of teacher professional development is conceptualised within the Australian Government Quality Teacher Programme (AGQTP) policy text and its predecessors, and uses these texts to infer the nature of the production practices associated with the development of these policies. The paper argues that multiple…

Hardy, Ian

2009-01-01

388

Unpacking the Black Box of the Chicago School Readiness Project Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-Child Relationship Quality and Self-Regulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms that include the quality of teacher-child relationships and children's self-regulation. The CSRP is a multicomponent teacher and classroom-focused intervention, and its…

Jones, Stephanie M.; Bub, Kristen L.; Raver, C. Cybele

2013-01-01

389

The Influences of LuxX in "Escherichia Coli" Biofilm Formation and Improving Teacher Quality through the Bio-Bus Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this work are: (1) to agarose-stabilize fragile biofilms for quantitative structure analysis; (2) to understand the influences of LuxS on biofilm formation; (3) to improve teacher quality by preparing Georgia's middle school science teachers to integrate inquiry-based, hands-on research modules in the classroom. Quantitative…

Robbins, Chandan Morris

2012-01-01

390

Enhancing Eighth Grade Students' Learning of Buoyancy: The Interaction of Teachers' Instructional Approach and Students' Learning Preference Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the potential of enhancing students' learning of difficult science concepts by exploring the interaction\\u000a between teachers' four different instructional approaches and students' four different learning preference styles. Students'\\u000a immediate performance and their retention for learning of buoyancy concepts serve to examine the effects, using the concept\\u000a of “buoyancy,” which has been classified as a difficult concept because

Hsiao-Ching She

2005-01-01

391

Enhancing Teachers’ Application of Inquiry?Based Strategies Using a Constructivist Sociocultural Professional Development Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This two?year school?wide initiative to improve teachers’ pedagogical skills in inquiry?based science instruction using a constructivist sociocultural professional development model involved 30 elementary teachers from one school, three university faculty, and two central office content supervisors. Research was conducted for investigating the impact of the professional development activities on teachers’ practices, documenting changes in their philosophies, instruction, and the learning

Brenda R. Brand; Sandra J. Moore

2011-01-01

392

75 FR 5040 - Extension of Period for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Patent and Trademark Office [Docket No.: PTO-P-2010-0004...Period for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce. ACTION:...

2010-02-01

393

Nursery Production Technologies for Enhancing Water Quality Protection and Water Conservation  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The broad objectives of the Floral and Nursery Research Initiative, Nursery Production Technologies for Enhancing Water Quality Protection and Water Conservation project are to develop economically feasible production systems and management practices that promote water conservation and protect water...

394

Data quality enhancement in oil reservoir operations : an application of IPMAP  

E-print Network

This thesis presents a study of data quality enhancement opportunities in upstream oil and gas industry. Information Product MAP (IPMAP) methodology is used in reservoir pressure and reservoir simulation data, to propose ...

Lin, Paul Hong-Yi

2012-01-01

395

Enhancing the quality of case studies in health services research.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To provide guidance on improving the quality of case studies in health services research. DATA SOURCES: Secondary data, drawing from previous case study research. RESEARCH DESIGN: Guidance is provided to two audiences: potential case study investigators (eight items) and reviewers of case study proposals (four additional items). PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The guidance demonstrates that many operational steps can be undertaken to improve the quality of case studies. These steps have been a hallmark of high-quality case studies in related fields but have not necessarily been practiced in health services research. CONCLUSIONS: Given higher-quality case studies, the case study method can become a valuable tool for health services research. Images Figure 3 PMID:10591280

Yin, R K

1999-01-01

396

CITIZENS WATER QUALITY MONITORING & MARINE HABITAT ENHANCEMENT PROJECT  

EPA Science Inventory

Plant 9,000 marsh grass plants along Bayou Lafourches banks, the regions hurricane protection levees, and the marshlands surrounding Bayou Lafourche, thereby enhancing coastal areas and marine habitat. These plantings will be designed to simultaneously raise community awareness ...

397

Formative and summative evaluation efforts for the Teacher Enhancement Institute conducted at the NASA Langley Research Center, summer 1994  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Teacher Enhancement Institute (TEI) at NASA Langley Research Center was developed in response to Executive Order 12821 which mandates national laboratories to 'assist in the mathematics and science education of our Nation's students, teachers, parents, and the public by establishing programs at their agency to provide for training elementary and secondary school teachers to improve their knowledge of mathematics and science. Such programs, to the maximum extent possible, shall involve partnerships with universities, state and local elementary and secondary school authorities, corporations and community based organizations'. The faculty worked closely with one another and the invited speakers to insure that the sessions supported the objectives. Speakers were informed of the objectives and given guidance concerning form and function for the session. Faculty members monitored sessions to assist speakers and to provide a quality control function. Faculty provided feedback to speakers concerning general objective accomplishment. Participant comments were also provided when applicable. Post TEI surveys asked for specific comments about each TEI session. During the second of the two, two week institutes, daily critiques were provided to the participants for their reflection. This seemed to provide much improved feedback to speakers and faculty because the sessions were fresh in each participant's mind. Between sessions one and two, some changes were made to the program as a result of the formative evaluation process. Those changes, though, were minor in nature and comprised what may be called 'fine tuning' a well conceived and implemented program. After the objectives were written, an assessment instrument was developed to test the accomplishment of the objectives. This instrument was actually two surveys, one given before the TEI and one given after the TEI. In using such a series, it was expected that changes in the participants induced by attendance at TEI may be discovered. Because the institute was limited in time and depth of exposure, attitudinal changes (self-assessment of ability and confidence) were chosen to be surveyed. On the pre-survey, seven general categories of questions were asked. The post-survey repeated three of these categories, providing a pre and post evaluation of the same questions and added a fourth category which asked the participant to self-assess objective accomplishment. The assessment process for TEI was valuable when one looks at the final accomplishments of the TEI. A number of aspects stand out: (1) formative evaluation during project development allowed the goals and objectives to guide the development of the institute; (2) formative evaluation provided positive guidance to presenters in developing and implementing their session; (3) formative evaluation helped presenters to improve or focus their sessions; (4) summative evaluation provided managers a way to gauge the success of the institute; (5) summative evaluation provided a benchmark for future programs to be measured against.

Carlson, Randal D.

1994-01-01

398

LSU Virtual Museum: Technology-Enhanced Geoscience Teacher Workshops for Louisiana K-8 Educators.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Virtual Museum, a Louisiana Board of Regents sponsored SELECT program, is a collaborative project between the Museum of Natural Science and the French Education Project at Louisiana State University. It offers Louisiana science teachers, in-training teachers, and immersion teachers a professional development program via six videoconferences. These videoconferences are broadcast from LSU to six distance-learning sites across the entire state of Louisiana. This unique teacher population was selected because in Louisiana, there are two types of K-8 science teachers: teachers in traditional classroom settings and teachers in immersion programs. In the Foreign language Immersion programs, the target language (French or Spanish) is the language of instruction and communication in the classroom. For each videoconference, teachers are provided content material that is prepared by geology faculty and graduate students, example of ongoing field research by LSU faculty members, classroom-ready activities, information on available loan material and on-line resources, training on the unique Scope-On-A-Rope microscope, pre-made PowerPoint presentations and virtual museum photos, all, in French and in English. Three of the videoconferences emphasize regional and statewide earth science topics including Louisiana fossils, rocks and minerals, and field techniques used to interpret Louisiana's geologic history. The activities provided for teachers are hands-on, inquiry based classroom exercises that focus on the availability of local materials. These activities can also be scaled for use in a variety of grade-levels and teachers are encouraged to use these activities in their classrooms. The program has proven to foster new collaboration between science teachers in regular programs and immersion schools while boosting the interest statewide for natural science topics.

Warny, S.; Egea-Kuehne, D.; Tedford, R.; Lopez, A.

2007-12-01

399

Fighting for Quality and Equality, Too: How State Policymakers Can Ensure the Drive to Improve Teacher Quality Doesn't Just Trickle down to Poor and Minority Children. K-12 Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If state leaders invest resources and energy wisely, they don't have to choose between excellence and equity. They can improve overall teacher quality and remedy the shameful inequities in access to the single most valuable resource in education--effective teachers. This paper outlines ten steps state policymakers and school district leaders can…

Jerald, Craig D.; Haycock, Kati; Wilkins, Amy

2009-01-01

400

Small Steps Lead to Quality Assurance and Enhancement in Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a brief overview of Qatar University's history since it was started in 1973. Its primary focus is on the various small, but important, steps taken by the University to address the needs of quality assurance and enhancement. The Qatar University Reform Plan is described in detail. Its aims are to continually improve the quality

Al Attiyah, Asma; Khalifa, Batoul

2009-01-01

401

How Can Quality Improvement Enhance the Lives of Children with Disabilities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much attention has aided measurement and improvement in the quality of health care during the past two decades, with new ways to define and measure quality, recognition that doing so can identify strategies to enhance care, and systematic efforts by both government and private insurers to apply these principles. In this article, James Perrin…

Perrin, James M.

2012-01-01

402

An Organizational and Task Perspective Model Aimed at Enhancing Teachers' Professional Development and Occupational Expertise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, many countries, including the Netherlands, are "plagued" by severe, both quantitative and qualitative, teacher shortages that are even expected to increase in the years to come. Teachers' occupational development, therefore, has become an important issue on the research agenda of the respective countries. It is essential to develop more…

Evers, Arnoud T.; Kreijns, Karel; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.; Gerrichhauzen, John T. G.

2011-01-01

403

Enhancing TPACK With Assistive Technology: Promoting Inclusive Practices in Preservice Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the global community continues the transition from an industrialized factory model to an information and now participatory networked-based society, educational technology will play a pivotal role in preparing students for their futures. Many teacher preparation programs are failing to provide preservice teachers with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions necessary to adopt and utilize technology effectively. This paper presents an

Matthew T. Marino; Pauline Sameshima; Constance C. Beecher

2009-01-01

404

Teacher Enhancement for Elementary and Secondary Science and Mathematics: Status, Issues, and Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order for teachers to improve their effectiveness, they must be knowledgeable about student learning, curriculum developments, and new instructional approaches. This document discusses learning, curriculum reform, and teacher improvement. Chapter 1, "The National Perspective" (Stephen J. Fitzsimmons and Larry C. Kerpelman), prepares the way for…

Fitzsimmons, Stephen J., Ed.; Kerpelman, Larry C., Ed.

405

Towards a New Professionalism: Enhancing Personal and Professional Development in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The diversity and complexity of the post-modern era places new and important challenges on teacher education. The crucial role that personal dispositions have for professional learning needs to be better understood and acknowledged. Teacher training programmes need to focus more on objectives such as promoting conflict literacy, self-awareness,…

Malm, Birgitte

2009-01-01

406

Investigating Technologies in Teacher Education: Does PowerPoint Enhance Retention or Influence Attitudes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of presentation formats on preservice teachers' ability to retain information along with their perceptions regarding subject matter and instructor's effectiveness. Participants were 79 preservice teachers in three sections of an elementary methods course. Each section received instruction using lecture and…

Giles, Rebecca M.; Baggett, Paige V.

2009-01-01

407

Enhancing the Science Literacy of Preservice Teachers through the Use of Reflective Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the impact that reflective journals used in an introductory college science course had on preservice teachers' science literacy. Fourteen preservice teachers enrolled in an introductory physical science course taught using a variety of constructivist instructional methods (hands-on activities, cooperative group work,…

Gibson, Helen L.; Bernhard, James; Kropf, Aaron; Ramirez, Mary Anne; Van Strat, Georgena A.

408

Enhancing the Australian Early Childhood Teacher Education Curriculum about Very Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that the care and education of infants and toddlers is an under-represented area in early childhood teacher education. This is also the case in Australia, meaning that pre-service teachers have few opportunities for learning about infants and toddlers and thus tend to have limited theoretical and practical knowledge about…

Garvis, Susanne; Lemon, Narelle

2015-01-01

409

Teacher Design Knowledge for Technology Enhanced Learning: An Ecological Framework for Investigating Assets and Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the fact that teaching is increasingly referred to as a design science, teacher education programs devote relatively little time to developing expertise in the design of instruction, beyond lesson planning. Yet today's teachers not only plan lessons that incorporate existing classroom activities and instructional resources, they also…

McKenney, Susan; Kali, Yael; Markauskaite, Lina; Voogt, Joke

2015-01-01

410

Enhancing the Role of the Arts in Primary Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research sought to explore the impact upon pre-service teachers' orientations towards the arts of a performing arts week within a one-year postgraduate teacher education programme. There is evidence from a range of data collected before, during and after the week that it had helped to strengthen participants' self-image as artistic…

Davies, Dan

2010-01-01

411

Information Literacy Follow-Through: Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Information Evaluation Skills through Formative Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation into preservice teachers' information evaluation skills at a large university suggests that formative assessment can improve student achievement. Preservice teachers were asked to apply information evaluation skills in the areas of currency, relevancy, authority, accuracy, and purpose. The study used quantitative methods to assess…

Seely, Sara Robertson; Fry, Sara Winstead; Ruppel, Margie

2011-01-01

412

Using Blended Learning for Enhancing EFL Prospective Teachers' Pedagogical Knowledge and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic objective of the present study is to investigate the effectiveness of using blended learning model in developing EFL prospective teachers' pedagogical knowledge and performance. The study sample included 38 EFL Saudi prospective teachers (fourth-year students) at the Faculty of Education & Arts, University of Tabuk, KSA. To collect the…

Badawi, Mohamed Farrag

2009-01-01

413

Examining Mentors' Practices for Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Pedagogical Development in Mathematics and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mentoring is too important to be left to chance (Ganser, 1996), yet mentoring expertise of teachers varies widely, which may present inequities for developing preservice teachers' practices. Five factors for mentoring have been identified herein: personal attributes, system requirements, pedagogical knowledge, modelling, and feedback, and items…

Hudson, Peter

2007-01-01

414

Enhancing Preservice Elementary Teachers' Field Placements in Math and Science through Videoconferencing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine benefits and challenges of teaching through videoconferencing in the context of students' field placement experiences, particularly as it relates to an inquiry-based approach to teaching and learning math and science. In the context of mathematics and science methods courses, preservice teachers, with the supervision of professors, field placement supervisors and cooperating teachers, taught a

Irene Plonczak

415

2006 Revision to the Utah Plan to Ensure High Quality Teachers for All Utah Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a letter dated June 1, 2006, Utah informed the U.S. Department of Education (ED) of its intention to carefully and thoughtfully revise its Highly Qualified Teacher (HQT) plan with the aim of achieving the goal set in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of having all teachers meet highly qualified (HQ) requirements by the end of the 2006-2007…

Utah State Office of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

416

The National Challenge of Teacher Quality and Student Achievement in Public Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates that an increasing demand for teacher accountability and student achievement is at the forefront with the mandate of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001. These challenges will be crucial in urban and rural schools where the need for classroom teachers in critical teaching areas such as bilingual education, special education, mathematics, science, and foreign languages

Roselia A Salinas; William Allan Kritsonis

417

Certification Requirements and Teacher Quality: A Comparison of Alternative Routes to Teaching. Working Paper 64  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, states have required individuals complete a program of study in a university-based teacher preparation program in order to be licensed to teach. In recent years, however, various "alternative certification" programs have been developed and the number of teachers obtaining teaching certificates through routes other than completing a…

Sass, Tim R.

2011-01-01

418

Application of Principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) in Teacher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The indomitable spirit of higher education paves the way for the growth of a nation in the political, economic, social, intellectual and spiritual dimensions. Teacher education is one of the areas in higher education which trains student-teachers in pedagogy, which in turn helps them to train the young minds of educational institutions. The "Fate…

Manivannan, M.; Premila, K. S.

2009-01-01

419

Mathematics Achievement in Yunnan Province: The Effects of Family, Region, and Teacher Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines student mathematics achievement in rural and urban areas of Yunnan Province (China) using a sample of students in 162 schools to study the effect of the students' school location, family background, and teacher qualifications. Reveals that the level of teacher training greatly affects student knowledge. (CMK)

Zhang, Yu; Post, David

2000-01-01

420

The Distribution of Teacher Quality in Illinois. Policy Research Report: IERC 2005-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study looks at the distribution of all 140,000 teachers in 2002-2003 among Illinois' public schools using five teacher attributes that have been shown in previous research to be related to student performance and for which they were able to obtain data--college competitiveness, years of experience, type of credential, performance on the Basic…

DeAngelis, Karen J.; Presley, Jennifer B.; White, Bradford R.

2005-01-01

421

Teacher Perceptions of Professional Development Required by the Wisconsin Quality Educator Initiative, PI 34  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing research has shown an association between teachers' professional growth and student success. However, there is a lack of information on the mandated professional development linked to Wisconsin teacher licensure requirements. The purpose of this study was to examine the phenomenon of self-directed professional development and its…

Sixel, Deborah Marie

2013-01-01

422

The Graduate Teacher Programme in England: Mentor Training, Quality Assurance and the Findings of Inspection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its recent report on the Graduate Teacher Programme (GTP), an employment-based route to Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) in England, the Government's Office for Standards in Education found that, although almost all trainees meet the standards required to qualify, too often they do so at an adequate level, rather than achieving the high levels of…

Brookes, Winston

2005-01-01

423

The Pursuit of Quality over Quantity in TESOL Teacher Education: Coursework versus Test Only  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether licensed in-service teachers of English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) in K-12 schools are more knowledgeable in the area of applied linguistics than their nonlicensed counterparts, and whether the ESOL-licensed teachers who have taken courses toward their licensure are more knowledgeable in…

Sehlaoui, Abdelilah Salim; Shinge, Manjula

2013-01-01

424

Quality Technology in the Language Classroom: The Views of Graduating Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information communication technology (ICT) outcomes have been incorporated into the current New South Wales (NSW) Teaching Standards document which informs all NSW teachers of the standards they are expected to meet in their schools. In order to qualify to teach and to meet these standards as graduates, preservice teachers must demonstrate a range…

Yule, Dawne

2006-01-01

425

Ultrathin amorphous zinc-tin-oxide buffer layer for enhancing heterojunction interface quality in  

E-print Network

-blocking layer to enhance the performance of an Earth-abundant metal-oxide solar-cell material. A 5 nm thickUltrathin amorphous zinc-tin-oxide buffer layer for enhancing heterojunction interface quality amorphous ternary metal-oxide buffer layer reduces interface recombination, resulting in sizable open

426

Multiple Perspectives: Whither Scholarship in the Work of Enhancing the Quality of Teaching and Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whither Scholarship in the Work of Enhancing the Quality of Teaching and Learning? This is an important query because it acknowledges, embraces, questions, and challenges the role of scholarship in enhancing teaching and learning. Interestingly, these four verbs help the author categorize her perspectives on the use of scholarship. Drawing from…

Dangel, Julie Rainer

2011-01-01

427

Measuring perceived video quality of MPEG enhancement by people with impaired vision  

PubMed Central

We used a new method to measure the perceived quality of contrast-enhanced motion video. Patients with impaired vision (n = 24) and normally-sighted subjects (n = 6) adjusted the level of MPEG-based enhancement of 8 videos (4 minutes each) drawn from 4 categories. They selected the level of enhancement that provided the preferred view of the videos, using a reducing-step-size staircase procedure. Most patients made consistent selections of the preferred level of enhancement, indicating an appreciation of and a perceived benefit from the MPEG-based enhancement. The selections varied between patients and were correlated with letter contrast sensitivity, but the selections were not affected by training, experience or video category. We measured just noticeable differences (JNDs) directly for videos, and mapped the image manipulation (enhancement in our case) onto an approximately linear perceptual space. These tools and approaches will be of value in other evaluations of the image quality of motion video manipulations. PMID:18059909

Fullerton, Matthew; Woods, Russell L.; Vera-Diaz, Fuensanta A.; Peli, Eli

2007-01-01

428

Highlights of contractor initiatives in quality enhancement and productivity improvement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA/Contractor Team efforts are presented as part of NASA's continuing effort to facilitate the sharing of quality and productivity improvement ideas among its contractors. This complilation is not meant to be a comprehensive review of contractor initiative nor does it necessarily express NASA's views. The submissions represent samples from a general survey, and were not edited by NASA. The efforts are examples of quality and productivity programs in private industry, and as such, highlight company efforts in individual areas. Topics range from modernization of equipment, hardware, and technology to management of human resources. Of particular interest are contractor initiatives which deal with measurement and evaluation data pertaining to quality and productivity performance.

1986-01-01

429

Adaptive EAGLE dynamic solution adaptation and grid quality enhancement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the effort described here, the elliptic grid generation procedure in the EAGLE grid code was separated from the main code into a subroutine, and a new subroutine which evaluates several grid quality measures at each grid point was added. The elliptic grid routine can now be called, either by a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code to generate a new adaptive grid based on flow variables and quality measures through multiple adaptation, or by the EAGLE main code to generate a grid based on quality measure variables through static adaptation. Arrays of flow variables can be read into the EAGLE grid code for use in static adaptation as well. These major changes in the EAGLE adaptive grid system make it easier to convert any CFD code that operates on a block-structured grid (or single-block grid) into a multiple adaptive code.

Luong, Phu Vinh; Thompson, J. F.; Gatlin, B.; Mastin, C. W.; Kim, H. J.

1992-01-01

430

The Effects of Teachers' Attitudes toward Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to provide an answer to whether a given seminar on total quality management (TQM) to primary school teachers can enhance their positive attitudes toward classroom management or not. The participants in this study were teachers working in Cengiz Topel Primary School and Yil Primary School. Both schools are located in Adiyaman, a…

Aksu, Mualla Bilgin; Caglar, Caglar

2006-01-01

431

Promoting Transformative Learning of Preservice Teachers through Contemplative Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preservice teacher is an important role to fulfill quality of education in the future. They have to be initially grown transformative learning for helping students to aware knowing and nature of knowledge. This paper explores an application of contemplative practices, which enhance transformative learning of preservice teachers. Forty four…

Nuangchalerm, Prasart; Prachagool, Veena

2010-01-01

432

Unpacking the Black Box of the CSRP Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-child Relationship Quality and Self-regulation  

PubMed Central

This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms including the quality of teacher-child relationships and children’s self-regulation. The CSRP is a multi-component teacher- and classroom-focused intervention, and its cluster-randomized efficacy trial was conducted in 35 Head Start-funded classrooms. A series of increasingly complex and conservative structural equation models indicate that the CSRP carries its effects on children’s academic and behavioral outcomes through changes in teacher-child relationship quality and children’s self-regulation. PMID:24729666

Jones, Stephanie M.; Bub, Kristen L.; Raver, C. Cybele

2014-01-01

433

Unpacking the Black Box of the CSRP Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-child Relationship Quality and Self-regulation.  

PubMed

This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms including the quality of teacher-child relationships and children's self-regulation. The CSRP is a multi-component teacher- and classroom-focused intervention, and its cluster-randomized efficacy trial was conducted in 35 Head Start-funded classrooms. A series of increasingly complex and conservative structural equation models indicate that the CSRP carries its effects on children's academic and behavioral outcomes through changes in teacher-child relationship quality and children's self-regulation. PMID:24729666

Jones, Stephanie M; Bub, Kristen L; Raver, C Cybele

2013-10-01

434

Quality enhancement of parallel MDP flows with mask suppliers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For many maskshops, designed parallel mask data preparation (MDP) flows accompanying with a final data comparison are viewed as a reliable method that could reduce quality risks caused by mis-operation. However, in recent years, more and more mask data mistakes have shown that present parallel MDP flows could not capture all mask data errors yet. In this paper, we will show major failure models of parallel MDP flows from analyzing MDP quality accidents and share our approaches to achieve further improvement with mask suppliers together.

Deng, Erwin; Lee, Rachel; Lee, Chun Der

2013-06-01

435

Data Quality Studies of Enhanced Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors  

E-print Network

Data quality assessment plays an essential role in the quest to detect gravitational wave signals in data from the LIGO and Virgo interferometric gravitational wave detectors. Interferometer data contains a high rate of noise transients from the environment, the detector hardware, and the detector control systems. These transients severely limit the statistical significance of gravitational wave candidates of short duration and/or poorly modeled waveforms. This paper describes the data quality studies that have been performed in recent LIGO and Virgo observing runs to mitigate the impact of transient detector artifacts on the gravitational wave searches.

Jessica McIver; for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; for the Virgo Collaboration

2012-04-11

436

THE DATABASE AN ELECTRONIC ENHANCEMENT TO LABORATORY QUALITY ASSURANCE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Quality Control program of an analytical laboratory is a key component in support of a research or compliance laboratory because it provides objective evidence for certified results. The recent addition of a customized, computerized database to our analytical laboratory has improved many aspect...

437

Quality control enhancement via nondestructive testing for green ceramic tiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality control in ceramic tile manufacturing is hard, labor intensive and it is performed in a harsh industrial environment with noise, extreme temperature and humidity. It can be divided into color analysis, dimension verification, and surface defect detection which is the main purpose of our research. Defects detection is still based on the judgment of human operators while most of

Hussam M. Elbehiery; Alaa A. Hefnawy; Muhammad T. Elewa

2003-01-01

438

Enhancing the Impact of Quality Points in Interteaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interteaching is a classroom instruction approach based on behavioral principles that offers increased flexibility to instructors. There are several components of interteaching that may contribute to its demonstrated efficacy. In a prior analysis of one of these components, the quality points contingency, no significant difference was reported in…

Rosales, Rocío; Soldner, James L.; Crimando, William

2014-01-01

439

Authentic Research Experiences for Nevada High School Teachers and Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the Nevada Science Teacher Enhancement Project (N-STEP), a three-year teacher enhancement program funded by the National Science Foundation. As part of the project, high school teachers worked closely with research scientists, education faculty, and high school students on authentic field-based research projects in geosciences, biological sciences or social sciences. Interviews with teachers and students suggest strongly that they were positively influenced in a number of ways by their involvement in the project. Scientists involved in the project generally found data collected to be of high quality and suitable for inclusion in their research.

Paul Buck

2003-01-01

440

The relationship between urban and suburban teachers' perceptions of participation in professional development activities and job satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 21st century calls for greater accountability and effectiveness in public education. To answer the call for highly qualified teachers and respond to personal and professional needs of teachers, professional development providers should offer teachers professional development activities that enhance the quality of life and improve teaching practices. The purpose of this study was to investigate and analyze factors responsible

Rosalyn J Whitehead

2006-01-01

441

Are Boys Better Off with Male and Girls with Female Teachers? A Multilevel Investigation of Measurement Invariance and Gender Match in Teacher-Student Relationship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research consistently points to poorer teacher-student relationships for boys than girls, there are no studies that take into account the effects of teacher gender and control for possible measurement non-invariance across student and teacher gender. This study addressed both issues. The sample included 649 primary school teachers (182…

Spilt, Jantine L.; Koomen, Helma M. Y.; Jak, Suzanne

2012-01-01

442

Teachers' Perceptions of the Effective Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, researchers qualitatively analyzed middle school teacher participant perceptions of qualities of teacher effectiveness across 3 years (2006-2009) through 66 focus group sessions by comparing the participants' identified qualities to Stronge's (2007) Teacher Skills Assessment Checklist. Surprisingly, a disproportionate number (42.6%)…

Watson, S.; Miller, T.; Davis, L.; Carter, P.

2010-01-01

443

[Michigan Technological University Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program]. Progress performance report  

SciTech Connect

The Michigan Technological University Teacher Education Program received funding from the US Department of Energy for the purpose of providing capable and suitably inclined, MTU Engineering and Science students a chance to explore high school level science and mathematics teaching as a career option. Ten undergraduate students were selected from nominations and were paired with mentor teachers for the study. This report covers the experience of the first ten nominees and their participation in the program.

Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.L.

1993-04-27

444

[Michigan Technological University Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program]. [Includes a copy of the Student Guide  

SciTech Connect

The Michigan Technological University Teacher Education Program received funding from the US Department of Energy for the purpose of providing capable and suitably inclined, MTU Engineering and Science students a chance to explore high school level science and mathematics teaching as a career option. Ten undergraduate students were selected from nominations and were paired with mentor teachers for the study. This report covers the experience of the first ten nominees and their participation in the program.

Anderson, C.S.; Yarroch, W.L.

1993-04-27

445

Improving Classroom Quality: Teacher Influences and Experimental Impacts of the 4Rs Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study capitalizes on recent advances in the reliable and valid measurement of classroom-level social processes known to influence children’s social– emotional and academic development and addresses a number of limitations in our current understanding of teacher- and intervention-related impacts on elementary school classroom processes. A cluster randomized controlled trial design was employed to (a) examine whether teacher social– emotional

Joshua L. Brown; Stephanie M. Jones; Maria D. LaRusso; J. Lawrence Aber

2010-01-01

446

Quality Management Practice in Higher Education - What Quality Are We Actually Enhancing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is still no consensus on how best to measure and manage quality within higher education institutions (HEIs). Thus a variety of approaches have been adopted. This paper presents a review of current quality management practices within HEIs. The review identifies a reliance on industrial models. These are applied with only partial success and identified limitations suggest a need for

Nina Becket

2008-01-01

447

The Effect of the Use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative Training in the Pilot Districts on the Sustained Use of Quality Tools by Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1990s, teachers in five pilot districts in Ohio were trained during the Baldrige in Education Initiative (BiE IN). Training included Baldrige's theory, quality process and quality tools. The study was a follow-up to determine the effect of the use of the Ohio Baldrige Initiative training in the pilot districts (and other early…

Schmidbauer, Hollace J.

2010-01-01

448

Early-Care and Education Teachers' Perception of High Quality Early-Care and Education Programming in Relation to Their Educational Attainment Level and Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early-care and education research, relative to positive outcomes for young children, birth through age five, enrolled in high quality early-care and education programs is compelling. This same research also names the classroom teacher as pivotal in establishing and maintaining high quality within their classrooms and practices. Currently, within…

Bechtold, Joy Marie

2011-01-01

449

Assessing Teaching Effectiveness of the English Grammar Teacher in Public Senior High Schools within the Cape Coast Metropolis Using the Quality Teaching Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this study was to assess the teaching effectiveness of English Grammar teachers in public Senior High Schools within the Cape Coast Metropolis using the Quality Teaching Model. It sought to ascertain how appropriately the three dimensions of the Quality Teaching Model are addressed in the teaching and assessment practices of the…

Atta-Asamoah, Obed; Emefa Doe, Jennifer; Narh Tekpetey, Victor; Hepzibah Amprofi Boham, Eunice

2014-01-01

450

Use of biosolids to enhance rangeland forage quality.  

PubMed

Biosolids land application was demonstrated to be a potentially cost-effective means for restoring forage productivity and enhancing soil-moisture-holding capacity on disturbed rangelands. By land-applying aerobically digested, anaerobically digested, composted, and lime-stabilized biosolids on rangeland test plots at rates of up to 20 times (20X) the estimated nitrogen-based agronomic rate, forage yields were found to increase from 132.8 kg/ha (118.2 lb/ac) (control plots) to 1182.3 kg/ha (1052.8 lb/ac). Despite the environmental benefits associated with increased forage yield (e.g., reduced soil erosion, improved drainage, and enhanced terrestrial carbon sequestration), the type of forage generated both before and after biosolids land application was found to be dominated by invasive weeds, all of which were characterized as having fair to poor nutritional value. Opportunistic and shallow rooting invasive weeds not only have marginal nutritional value, they also limit the establishment of native perennial grasses and thus biodiversity. Many of the identified invasive species (e.g., Cheatgrass) mature early, a characteristic that significantly increases the fuel loads that support the increased frequency and extent of western wildfires. PMID:20480767

McFarland, Michael J; Vasquez, Issaak Romero; Vutran, MaiAnh; Schmitz, Mark; Brobst, Robert B

2010-05-01

451

Using quality improvement methodologies to enhance cross departmental collaboration and quality cost reduction  

E-print Network

The research and project implementations described in this study took place during a seven-month period in 2004 at a distribution transformer factory in Germany. The purpose of this research is to show how quality management ...

Kilburn-Peterson, Christopher

2005-01-01

452

Teacher's Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lesson plans and exercises for teachers to use this site and the CD-ROM ?Atomic Archive: Enhanced Edition? in their classrooms. The exercises cover the following subjects: Arms Control, Atomic Physics, Delivery Systems, Fission, Fusion, History and Weapon Effects.

Christopher Griffith

453

Overview of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA)'s Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) is an innovative integration of health services research, policy, and clinical care delivery designed to improve the quality, outcomes, and efficiency of VHA health care through the identification and implementation of evidence-based practices in routine care settings. A total of eight condition-specific QUERI centers are currently in operation, each

Lynn McQueen; Brian S Mittman; John G Demakis

2004-01-01

454

Using partnerships with scientists to enhance teacher capacity to address the NGSS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasingly, scientists are seeking outreach experts to assist with the education and outreach components of their research grants. These experts have the skills and expertise to assist with translating scientific research into lessons and activities that are aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) as well as state standards, are STEM-focused and that address the realities of the K-12 science classroom. Since 2007, the Institute for the Environment (IE) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has been conducting teacher professional development and high school student science enrichment programs to promote climate literacy. Partnering with scientists to deepen content knowledge and promote engagement with technology and real data has been a successful strategy for cultivating increased climate literacy among teachers and students. In this session, we will share strategies for effectively engaging scientists in K-12 educational activities by providing specific examples of the various ways in which scientists can be integrated into programming and their research translated into relevant classroom activities. Engaging scientists and translating their research into classroom activities is an approach that becomes even more relevant with the advent of the NGSS. The NGSS's Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCIs) that encompass climate literacy can be addressed by partnering with scientists to provide teachers with current content knowledge and technological tools needed to promote integration of relevant science and engineering practices and cross-cutting themes. Here we highlight a successful partnership in which IE science educators collaborated with with a faculty member to develop a lesson for North Carolina teachers introducing them to new research on satellite remote sensing of the water cycle, while also promoting student engagement with local data. The resulting lesson was featured during a two-day, IE-led teacher workshop for 21 North Carolina high school teachers in July 2013 titled, 'Observing regional and global water resources: Using remote sensing and field data to better understand the hydrologic cycle.'

Pavelsky, T.; Haine, D. B.; Drostin, M.

2013-12-01

455

Wellness at work: enhancing the quality of our working lives.  

PubMed

This paper was prepared for the International Review of Psychiatry as part of an effort to improve understanding of the connection between employee health and performance and to begin to identify new strategies through which treating wellness as an investment in human capital can lead to greater organizational success. Computer database searches of peer-reviewed literature published between 1993 and 2005 and manual reviews of 20 journals were used to identify research on the link between employee health and performance. Data was extracted to summarize the overall findings on the magnitude of health problems addressed by health promotion and disease prevention programmes, and the impact of interventions on improving health risk, reducing health care cost, and improving worker performance. From this summary, major conclusions on early detection of disease, the impact of behaviour change programmes were drawn. This systematic review is supplemented with a case study description of a preliminary evaluation of a corporate wellness programme in a major international organization. The influence of developments in work/family issues, complementary and alternative medicine, and quality of care and health outcomes research are briefly discussed. Finally, a conceptual framework for studying the impact of health and productivity is described. PMID:16194820

Hillier, D; Fewell, F; Cann, W; Shephard, V

2005-10-01

456

Efficient quality enhancement of disparity maps based on alpha matting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose an efficient disparity map enhancement method that improves the alignment of disparity edges and color edges even in the presence of mixed pixels and provides alpha values for pixels at disparity edges as a byproduct. In contrast to previous publications, the proposed method addresses mixed pixels at disparity edges and does not introduce mixed disparities that can lead to object deformations in synthesized views. The proposed algorithm computes transparencies by performing alpha matting per disparity-layer. These alpha values indicate the degree of affiliation to a disparity-layer and can hence be used as an indicator for a disparity reassignment that aligns disparity edges with color edges and accounts for mixed pixels. We demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed method on various images and corresponding disparity maps, including images that contain fuzzy object borders (e.g., fur). Furthermore, the proposed method is qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated using disparity ground truth and compared to previously published disparity post-processing methods.

Brosch, Nicole; Nezveda, Matej; Gelautz, Margrit; Seitner, Florian

2014-03-01

457

75 FR 22120 - Notice of Roundtables and Request for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents and on...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Patent and Trademark Office [Docket No.: PTO-P-2010-0038...Request for Comments on Enhancement in the Quality of Patents and on United States Patent and Trademark Office Patent Quality Metrics...

2010-04-27

458

Intraoperative Ultrasound-Fluoroscopy Fusion can Enhance Prostate Brachytherapy Quality  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry system. Method and Materials: Twenty-five patients were treated for prostate cancer with Pd-103 implantation. After the execution of the treatment plan, two sets of TRUS images were collected using the longitudinal and axial transducers of a biplanar probe. Then, three fluoroscopic images were acquired at 0, -15 and +15{sup o}. The three-dimensional locations of all implanted seeds were reconstructed from fluoroscopic images. A subset of the implanted seeds was manually identified in TRUS images and used as fiducial markers to perform TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion. To improve the implant quality, additional seeds were placed if adverse isodose patterns were identified during visual inspection. If additional seeds were placed, intraoperative dosimetry was repeated. Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry was compared with final intraoperative dosimetry to validate dosimetry achieved in the implant suite. Results: An average of additional 4.0 seeds was implanted in 16 patients after initial intraoperative dose evaluation. Based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based dosimetry, the V100 improved from 86% to 93% (p = 0.005), whereas D90 increased from 94% to 109% (p = 0.011) with the guided additional seed implantation. No statistical difference was observed in V200 and V300 values. V100 and D90 values were 95 {+-} 4% and 120 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on the final intraoperative dosimetry evaluation, compared with 95 {+-} 4% and 122 {+-} 24%, respectively, based on Day 0 computed tomography-based dosimetry. Conclusions: Implantation of extra seeds based on TRUS-fluoroscopy fusion-based intraoperative dosimetry can improve the final V100 and D90 values with minimal increase in V200 and V300 values.

Orio, Peter F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Tutar, Ismail B. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Narayanan, Sreeram [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Arthurs, Sandra [Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Cho, Paul S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Kim, Yongmin [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Merrick, Gregory [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling, WV (United States); Wallner, Kent E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA (United States)], E-mail: kent.wallner@med.va.gov

2007-09-01

459

Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Sense of Efficacy and Attitudes toward School Diversity through Preparation: A Case of One U.S. Inclusive Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conducted in one inclusive teacher education program in the United States, this study explored the trajectory of and the relationships between preservice teachers' sense of efficacy and attitudes toward school diversity through the course of preparation. Findings revealed that, in general, changes of preservice teachers' perceived efficacy,…

Gao, Wei; Mager, Gerald

2011-01-01

460

Online Courses: MSU National Teachers Enhancement Network: The Dirt on Soil Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Dirt on Soil Science is a 1 credit graduate course for K-6 elementary school teachers who are interested in understanding the basic principles of soil science. This online course lasts 6-weeks and includes conversing with your instructor and classmat

1900-01-01

461

My Teacher Rides a Harley: Enhancing K-5 Literacy through Songwriting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this memoir, the author recounts early days as a struggling reader and writer and outlines the songwriting process he uses in student workshops around the country. This book includes: tools and processes to guide teachers to begin writing songs in their classrooms; a compact disk of songs students can sing along with; and classroom activities…

Dulabaum, Gary

462

Relationships for Learning: Using Pupil Voice to Define Teacher-Pupil Relationships that Enhance Pupil Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a summary of a pupil voice research project conducted to investigate the influence that teacher-pupil relationships have on pupils' feelings of engagement with their school. The study involved two year groups (12-13 and 14-15 year olds) in a rural secondary school in Cambridgeshire. Data sources were collected through a questionnaire…

Marsh, Helena

2012-01-01

463

Using Second Life to Enhance Classroom Management Practice in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following article discusses an educational simulation created within Second Life (SL) in order to assist pre-service teachers (PSTs) in gaining more experience managing student behavior. The article discusses the development, implementation, and assessment of the simulation as well as student data on the feasibility of the approach in…

Mahon, Jennifer; Bryant, Bobby; Brown, Ben; Kim, Miran

2010-01-01

464

Using Second Life to enhance classroom management practice in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following article discusses an educational simulation created within Second Life (SL) in order to assist pre?service teachers (PSTs) in gaining more experience managing student behavior. The article discusses the development, implementation, and assessment of the simulation as well as student data on the feasibility of the approach in comparison to other methods of learning classroom management. It includes discussion

Jennifer Mahon; Bobby Bryant; Ben Brown; Miran Kim

2010-01-01

465

Evaluating Video Models of Evidence-Based Instructional Practices to Enhance Teacher Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A process was developed to create Web-based video models of effective instructional practices for use in teacher education settings. Three video models, created at three university sites, demonstrated exemplary implementation of specific, evidence-based strategies in reading, math, and science. Video models of strategies were field tested with…

Dieker, Lisa A.; Lane, Holly B.; Allsopp, David H.; O'Brien, Chris; Butler, Tyran Wright; Kyger, Maggie; Lovin, LouAnn; Fenty, Nicole S.

2009-01-01

466

Enhancing Instructional Strategies through Professional Development: A Qualitative Study of Engaging Teachers through Participatory Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship between professional development and improving teaching practices in the classroom. It tested the assumption that, when teachers become empowered through their selection of the forms of their professional development, deeper learning and reflection can become a natural part of their daily practices. In this…

Hoedebeck, Eddi

2011-01-01

467

After-School Elementary School Mathematics Club: Enhancing Achievement and Encouraging Future Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After-school programs specifically designed to improve students' mathematics achievement in collaboration with classroom teachers' planning and in class daily instruction have been found to be successful in improving student learning (Hock, Pulvers, Deshler, & Schumaker, 2001). The purpose of this article is to describe the results of an…

Sherman, Helene J.; Catapano, Susan

2011-01-01

468

Principals' Instructional Leadership within a Teacher Performance Appraisal System: Enhancing Students' Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify principals' instructional leadership actions within a comprehensive teacher evaluation system in successful schools rated as recognized or exemplary by the accountability measures in place. The study followed a multiple case study approach. Participants included six school administrators within the same…

Ovando, Martha N.; Ramirez, Alfredo, Jr.

2007-01-01

469

Development of intercultural competence among US American teachers: professional development factors that enhance competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing diversity of the student age population in the USA calls for increased cultural competence on behalf of educators to effectively teach students. This article reports on a study of a suburban school district’s initiatives that utilized the Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) as a baseline measurement tool, and subsequent professional development for teachers,

Joan G. DeJaeghere; Yongling Zhang

2008-01-01

470

Do British Columbia's Recent Education Policy Changes Enhance Professionalism among Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning with the Sullivan Royal Commission on Education in 1988, British Columbia (BC) teachers experienced a policy context that led to a decade of intense professional learning around innovative instructional strategies and curriculum. From 2001 on, the policy context changed considerably. There has been a flurry of changes designed to bring…

Grimmett, Peter P.; D'Amico, Laura

2008-01-01

471

Enhancing General Physical Educators' Teacher Efficacy when Working with All Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the Public Law 94-142 was enacted in 1975, there has been a push for inclusive classes where students with disabilities are educated along with their peers without disabilities in the least restrictive environment (LRE). The general physical education (GPE) teacher is obligated to ensure that all students are successful in their classes.…

Umhoefer, Donna; Beyer, Robbi; Vargas, Tiffanye M.

2012-01-01

472

Enhancing Teacher Practice through Coaching: A Case Study in an English Language Learner Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the use of instructional coaching in one urban school as a form of professional development for teachers. The use of instructional coaches in the classroom has become more and more popular in many school districts across the nation as they look for ways to improve student performance by improving the performance of their…

Carrera, Hazel C.

2010-01-01

473

Enhancing Pre-Service Teachers' Awareness to Pupils' Test-Anxiety with 3D Immersive Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether participating in a 3D immersive virtual reality world simulating the experience of test-anxiety would affect preservice teachers' awareness to the phenomenon. Ninety subjects participated in this study, and were divided into three groups. The experimental group experienced a 3D immersive simulation which made…

Passig, David; Moshe, Ronit

2008-01-01

474

Enhancing University Teachers' Information and Communication Technology Usage by Using a Virtual Learning Environment Training Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research project is a case study focussing on the use of a virtual learning environment (VLE) implemented to increase the use of information and communication technology (ICT) by university teachers in Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. The study aims to investigate the effect of the VLE as the vehicle for a training course in ICT designed to…

Ageel, Mohammed; Woollard, John

2012-01-01

475

Using Process Drama to Enhance Pre-Service Teachers' Understanding of Science and Religion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I report an action research study that aimed at improving Thai pre-service teachers' understanding of the relationship between science and religion and at assisting them to respond to this issue in a science classroom. The participants were twelve post-grad students pursuing Master of Art in Teaching Science at Kasetsart University. They took a…

Pongsophon, Pongprapan

2010-01-01

476

Enhancing Christian School Experiences for Pre-Service Teachers through Service Learning Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article gives an overview of service learning as it relates to the integration of faith and learning for a pre-service teacher candidate. A survey was given to pre-service, education candidates who were completing a service-learning project in a local Christian school. Results from the survey indicate that all major elements of service…

Ackerman, Beth; Parker, Karen; Parker, Leonard

2010-01-01

477

Using Dynamic Sketches to Enhance Preservice Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Understanding of Limits of Sequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates 3 preservice secondary mathematics teachers' understandings of limits of sequences and their changing conceptions of limit during and after instruction involving interactive, dynamic sketches embodying the formal definition of the limit of a sequence. Manipulating a coherent visual representation of the formal definition in…

Cory, Beth L.; Garofalo, Joe

2011-01-01

478

Preparing High-Quality Teachers for Urbanized Schools: A Program Evaluation of a Partnership Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Professional Immersion Master of Arts in Teaching (ProMAT) program is a cooperative venture between Johns Hopkins University and Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools, a large school district that has experienced increased urbanization. This graduate-level teacher preparation program provides candidates with extensive internship…

Masci, Frank J.; Stotko, Elaine M.

2006-01-01

479

The Portfolio Guidebook: Implementing Quality in an Age of Standards. Bill Harp Professional Teachers Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This portfolio book provides an actual step-by-step complete system of writing assessment from the ground up and across all grade levels. The book suggests that teachers purposefully gather student portfolios, reflect meaningfully on them, and then validly and reliably rate them with statistical success that will also feed meaningfully back into…

Koch, Richard; Schwartz-Petterson, Jean

480

Improving Classroom Quality: Teacher Influences and Experimental Impacts of the 4Rs Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study capitalizes on recent advances in the reliable and valid measurement of classroom-level social processes known to influence children's social-emotional and academic development and addresses a number of limitations in our current understanding of teacher- and intervention-related impacts on elementary school classroom processes. A…

Brown, Joshua L.; Jones, Stephanie M.; LaRusso, Maria D.; Aber, J. Lawrence

2010-01-01

481

Therapeutic Massage Impacts Quality of Life for University Female Faculty in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stress is a part of everyone's life. Depending on the level of stress, it may affect people's health and lives. Stress in the workplace may come from many different sources, however for the purpose of this study, the focus was on female faculty working in a Teacher Education program at a small north central, North Dakota university. Stress is…

Sandstrom, Clarine

2009-01-01

482

Moving beyond Test-Prep Pedagogy: Dialoguing with Multicultural Preservice Teachers for a Quality Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a "post-NCLB era," the schooling experiences of mostly low-income students of color continue to be consumed by a test-prep pedagogy--narrowed curriculum, low expectations, and ignored relationships. In this article the author describes a pedagogical approach using educational dialogues to engage preservice teachers to critically…

Rodríguez, Louie F.

2013-01-01

483

Measuring Teacher Quality: Continuing the Search for Policy-Relevant Predictors of Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential viability of the variable certification by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) as a policy-relevant predictor of student achievement. Because research has identified the teacher as the most important school-related predictor of student achievement, more research…

Knoeppel, Robert C.; Logan, Joyce P.; Keiser, Clare M.

2005-01-01

484

Supporting Teachers and Technicians in the Delivery of High-Quality, Effective Practical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science is at heart a practical subject, but the perception of what makes good teaching and learning through practical science is often misunderstood. Through working with teachers on professional development courses at the UK's National Science Learning Centre, and drawing on work carried out by other organisations, we present some thoughts…

Langley, Mark

2014-01-01

485

Teacher Value Added as a Measure of Program Quality: Interpret with Caution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many states now possess the data and statistical methods that can produce teacher value-added scores and link them to preparation programs. It is important to understand the limitations of these measures and the inferences that they do and do not support. These limitations fall into three categories. First, value-added measures (VAM) provide…

Floden, Robert E.

2012-01-01

486

The Impact of Competing Definitions of Quality on the Geographical Distribution of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, states are required "...to ensure that poor and minority children are not taught at higher rates than other children by inexperienced, unqualified, or out-of-field teachers..." Although the NCLB law and State Education Agencies (SEAs) currently offer very clear definitions of "highly-qualified"…

Choi, Daniel S.

2010-01-01

487

CCC for AAA: Tapping Creativity, Collaboration & Cooperation for Quality in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information and Communication Technology in education is changing the way we teach, learn and conduct research. Today we have WIRE, WEB and WINDOWS leading to CONNECTIVITY, NETWORKING and APPLICATIONS. Not surprisingly the National Council of Teacher Education, (NCTE) India, decided to make ICT Literacy a compulsory part of the Pre-service course…

Praveen, C.

2006-01-01

488

Personal Qualities of a Language Arts Teacher: Traits and Perspectives, Daily Inspiration from Outstanding Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book 100 dynamic educators share some words that are important to them and what those words mean for teaching--here are the ideas that can start a teacher's day or stimulate new ideas for class activities. According to the book, each educator was asked to select a term that reflected an important idea for teaching; the terms appear in…

Sandel, Lenore

489

Inspecting the Inspectors: Race Equality and Quality in Initial Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Equalities legislation in Britain has in recent years shifted towards requiring public bodies to proactively promote equality rather than simply prevent discrimination. This paper reports on a study of how this requirement, with specific reference to race equality, is enacted in the regulation and inspection of initial teacher education (ITE) in…

Wilkins, Chris

2014-01-01

490

What Is the Relationship between Teacher Quality and Student Achievement? An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of the study was to examine what constitutes effective teaching as defined by measured increases in student learning with a focus on the instructional behaviors and practices. Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses and hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) were used to identify teacher effectiveness levels while…

Stronge, James H.; Ward, Thomas J.; Tucker, Pamela D.; Hindman, Jennifer L.

2007-01-01

491

Using Teacher Stories to Reveal Quality Educational Practice: An Eastern Cape Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Fort Hare Distance Education Project set out to improve qualifications of primary teachers in rural and township schools in the Eastern Cape of the Republic of South Africa. At the culmination of an 11-year AUSAid collaboration between the University of Fort Hare and University of South Australia a research project to reveal…

Paige, Kathryn; Chartres, Mike; Kenyon, Alan

2008-01-01

492

Developing Effective Special Education Reading Teachers: The Influence of Professional Development, Context, and Individual Qualities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of contextual and individual factors on the implementation of professional development (PD) content in the area of word study and fluency by three upper-elementary special education teachers. The PD effort included an initial PD institute, monthly cohort meetings, an online community forum, coaching, and…

Dingle, Mary P.; Brownell, Mary T.; Leko, Melinda M.; Boardman, Alison Gould; Haager, Diane

2011-01-01

493

Essays on Teacher Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The allocation of quality teachers across schools is of interest because of both the importance and costliness of teachers as inputs in the education production process. Furthermore, because teachers have preferences over their workplace characteristics, this allocation across schools is nonrandom. This research examines teacher mobility within…

Cook, Jeremy A.

2012-01-01

494

COMPUTER PROGRAM DOCUMENTATION FOR THE ENHANCED STREAM WATER QUALITY MODEL QUAL2E  

EPA Science Inventory

Presented in the manual are recent modifications and improvements to the widely used stream water quality model QUAL-II. Called QUAL2E, the enhanced model incorporates improvements in eight areas: (1) algal, nitrogen, phosphorus, and dissolved oxygen interactions; (2) algal growt...

495

Quality factor enhancement in lamb wave resonators utilizing AlN plates with convex edges  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel Lamb wave resonator utilizing an aluminum nitride (AlN) plate with convex edges to enhance the quality factor (Q) is demonstrated for the first time. The finite element analysis (FEA) simulation results show that the mechanical energy can be more efficiently confined in the center of the AlN Lamb wave resonator by using the convex edges instead of the

Chih-Ming Lin; Yun-Ju Lai; Ting-Ta Yen; Jin-Chen Hsu; Yung-Yu Chen; Debbie G. Senesky; Albert P. Pisano

2011-01-01

496

Enhancing Field Instruction in Child Welfare: Evaluation of a Training Program to Promote Quality Field Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Field placements in child welfare are generally recognized as a recruitment tool for professional social workers. However, little attention has been given to improving these placements in an effort to enhance recruitment. This study evaluates a comprehensive professional development curriculum for child welfare practitioners that is designed to provide participants with the knowledge and skills necessary to provide quality field

Alan J. Dettlaff

2008-01-01

497

Enhancing recruitment and data quality in a junior high school-based teen pregnancy prevention study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the methods used to maximize participation and enhance data quality in conducting a randomized, controlled evaluation of an adolescent pregnancy prevention program targeting 7th graders in six Washington, DC public junior high schools. The goal was to successfully recruit and maintain the schools’ and students’ participation despite administrative staff changes and school closings, truancy and absenteeism, parental

Sigrid Aarons; Allison Rose; June Walker; Beverly Lyles; Renee Jenkins; Tina Raine

2001-01-01

498

A Framework for Photo-Quality Assessment and Enhancement based on Visual Aesthetics  

E-print Network

A Framework for Photo-Quality Assessment and Enhancement based on Visual Aesthetics Subhabrata that enables users to improve the visual aesthetics of their digital photographs using spatial re- composition and the system presents recommendations for where it can be moved in a manner that optimizes a learned aesthetic

Guestrin, Carlos

499

COMPOSTS AS SOIL SUPPLEMENT ENHANCED PLANT GROWTH AND FRUIT QUALITY OF STRAWBERRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compost significantly enhanced strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) plant growth and fruit quality when used as a soil supplement. Adding half strength of Peter nutrient solution (50% fertilizer) to a mixture of 50% soil plus 50% compost was very effective in significantly increasing plant dry weight to approximately double that of controls (without compost), fruit yield by more than 70%,

Shiow Y. Wang; Shin-Shan Lin

2002-01-01

500

Hospital capacity management decisions: Emphasis on cost control and quality enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically examines the effects of several key hospital demographic factors (hospital size, location, teaching involvement) and service characteristics on hospital capacity management decisions, and the effects of hospital capacity resource management choices on cost control and quality enhancement. In this research structural equation modeling (SEM) was used as the research vehicle. SEM modeling measures multiple relationships among independent

Ling Li; W. C. Benton

2003-01-01